WorldWideScience

Sample records for nowe detektory scyntylacyjne

  1. Now Hiring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stix, Margaret; von Nostitz, Glenn

    2012-01-01

    Even before the Great Recession began, an alarming number of young adults in New York City between the ages of 18 and 24 were neither in school nor working. The employment challenges for these New Yorkers have only magnified in recent years. There are now an estimated 172,000 of these "disconnected youth" in the five boroughs. Though the…

  2. LSD Now: 1973

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chunko, John A.

    1973-01-01

    LSD NOW is a nationwide, statistical survey and analysis of hallucinogenic drug use by individuals presently in formal educational surroundings. Analysis, concentrating on the extent and rationale related to the use of such drugs, now offers a deeper and more meaningful understanding of a particular facet of the drug culture. This understanding…

  3. "Stop Diabetes Now!"

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of this page please turn Javascript on. Feature: Diabetes "Stop Diabetes Now!" Past Issues / Fall 2009 Table of Contents ... Tips for Seniors at Risk for Type 2 Diabetes Lifestyle changes that lead to weight loss—such ...

  4. ServiceNow

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — A cloud based service for creating a single system of record for all types of business services used by OCIO. Service Now applications are built on a single platform...

  5. Live your questions now

    OpenAIRE

    Brownrigg, Jenny

    2016-01-01

    'Live Your Questions Now' is a case study for Cubitt Education's publication 'Aging in Public: creative practice in ageing and the public realm from across the UK', edited by Daniel Baker and published by Cubitt Gallery, Studios and Education, London in 2016. The publication was linked to Cubitt's programme 'Public Wisdom' (2011-2015). My case study is about 'Live your questions now', a group exhibition I curated in 2011 for Mackintosh Museum, The Glasgow School of Art. 'Live your questions n...

  6. Here and now

    OpenAIRE

    Dean, J.

    2015-01-01

    'Here and Now' is an album of nine original jazz based compositions (64 mins total). \\ud \\ud 'Here and Now' was released on Pathway Records and was recommended by itunes as 'Music you must hear' in the jazz section (October - December 2016).\\ud \\ud Further research from the recorded output involves developing an analysis of the use of muscle memory in guitar improvisation, taken from transcriptions of the improvisations in both studio and live settings\\ud \\ud The album features James Dean (gu...

  7. The NOW Employee.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadler, David

    The focus of this book is the relationship between the new generation of young people and the world of work. Basically the NOW (New Orientation to Work) employee views work as a means of self-actualization instead of merely a vehicle to economic security. The group under discussion is composed of those persons born between 1944 and 1951 who have…

  8. Mastering ServiceNow

    CERN Document Server

    Wood, Martin

    2015-01-01

    This book is intended for those who are familiar with web technologies such as JavaScript. We start from the computing fundamentals to understand how ServiceNow is architected, working from the ground up to really leverage the full capabilities of the platform.

  9. Now entering phase two...

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Building on the success of their feasibility phase, the CLIC test facility, CTF3, has just launched into a five-year project development phase. This will involve detailed performance optimisation studies, marking the project’s transition from pure research and development to prototyping and construction.   CLIC accelerator modules under construction at CERN. “With the feasibility phase now complete, we have established that CLIC can be built,” says Roberto Corsini, CLIC Collaboration spokesperson. “Now we want to be sure that it can provide the luminosity and energy performance needed. We will be looking at the engineering, performance and cost of a real CLIC machine also seeing if we can reduce it.” CTF3’s second phase will focus on selected performance-related research areas for further investigation. The largest of these involves the construction and testing of several authentic CLIC accelerator modules that are currently being ...

  10. Discursive social psychology now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Ian

    2012-09-01

    This paper reviews the progress of discourse-analytic approaches in social psychology from the late 1980s to the present day, with a particular focus on the way conceptual and methodological contributions from within the Discourse and Rhetoric Group at Loughborough University have negotiated a positive role for innovative studies of language in the discipline of psychology. Social psychology has become a key site for the accumulation of a series of empirical studies that have seen the flourishing of a distinctive form of 'discursive social psychology' that has succeeded in moving from the margins of the discipline to a more accepted position. The paper traces this trajectory of discourse analysis from the limits to the centre of social psychology attending to five features that now characterise its contribution to psychology; an emphasis on everyday conversation, a concern with interpersonal interaction, explication of formal sequences; an insistence on empirical claims; and fidelity to the ethos of its host discipline. The paper concludes with some comments on the wider context of this new approach inside psychology today. ©2011 The British Psychological Society.

  11. Family planning: where now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saunders, L

    1977-01-01

    The focus is in terms of family planning as an exercise in induced social change; the objective is to alter the reproductive patterns of societies sufficiently to bring about a significant reduction in fertility. The year 1974 emerges as the year in which family planning as a social movement achieved maturity and was confirmed as a legitimate area for national policy and programming, a year of determined and varied efforts to reduce population growth. In affirming the rights and responsibilities of people and the obligations of governments in population concerns, the Bucharest Conference conferred its seal of approval on a movement that had made considerable progress since it began early in the 19th century. The evolution of birth control as a social movement which began with Francis Place's printing and distributing contraceptive bills in 1820 was encouraged by other writings in England and the U.S. over the next 50 years. Several overlapping phases can be distinguished in the global response to a new sense of urgence regarding population concerns following World War 2. Moving from a global perspective to consideration of family planning as it exists in the programs of individual countries, the achievement is not so great and the prospects are less hopeful. Although it has had success as a social movement and is now accepted as a government responsibility, family planning programs still have a long way to go before they develop the scope, vigor, and versatility that is required for there to be widespread demographic change. 1 change that is needed is for a stronger and more visible political commitment and commitment on the basis of demographic rather than health or welfare reasons.

  12. Now we're cooking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perkowitz, Sidney

    2012-06-01

    From the very first oven to the foamed foods of modernist cuisine, physics has played a dominant role in food throughout history. But now physics has the potential to solve a major global cooking issue, says Sidney Perkowitz.

  13. Responding to the NOW Employee

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadler, David

    1970-01-01

    The NOW employee (New Orientation to Work) of the 1970s will come to work in great numbers, with a high educational level, and with a values system much different than that of their parents or older colleagues. (EB)

  14. Neu/Now tuleb varsti

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    Neu/Now festivalil saab 17.-20. novembril Tallinna vanalinnas näha 35 kunstiprojekti 17 riigist. Cian McKenna (Iirimaa) disainiprojektist "Digitaalne teraapia", Richard Schwarzi (Austria) visuaalse kunsti projektist "Pikslitest" ja Maartje Meijeri (Holland) muusikaprojektist "Kuidas kirjutada fuugat?", mida tõstsid esile festivali kunstilised juhid Anthony Dean ja Paula Crabtree

  15. You May Start Writing Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cooper, Tony

    2013-01-01

    This article, an extract from the author's book "Head on the Block," describes how the purpose of the school examination system has changed such that now it is to evaluate the performance of teachers rather than the performance of their students. It highlights some of the negative effects of school league tables--in particular, how the…

  16. And now, for the winners.

    CERN Multimedia

    Alizée Dauvergne

    2010-01-01

    The Computer Security Day held on 10 June was a success. There were eight presentations, with some forty people attending each session.     The presentation videos can be viewed on Indico. The computer security team’s new website is now up and running, with a wealth of useful information and advice. Go to http://cern.ch/Computer.Security.     The quiz attracted 130 participants, and the answers have now been posted on line! The quiz winners are: Lars Aprin, Richard Baud, Thibaut Bernard, Brice Copy, Daniele de Ruschi, Sébastien Gadrat, Amanda Garcia Munoz, Stephen Gowdy, Joni Hahkala, Joseph Izen, Ryszard Erazm Jurga, Jukka Klem, Danila Oleynik, Ian Pong, Pascal Serge Roguet, Jani Tapani Taskinen, Jan Therhaag, Yves Thurel, Adrian Vogel, Thomas White. Well done to all! If you haven’t done so already, you should soon be getting your prize (i.e. a book, a T-shirt or a bag, etc.).  

  17. The dance of the now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engel, Lis

    2008-01-01

    The inspiration for this paper comes from an interest in the living movement of everyday life and from an interest in the stories of the felt sense of embodiment, subjectivity and culture. A phenomenological approach is used to get an embodied and experiential understanding of sensitive form and ...... that deepens the experiential understanding of everyday movement as performance of dynamic repertoires of existence. These become everyday events expressed as the dance of the now. Udgivelsesdato: May 2008...

  18. FIRE PERMIT NOW ON EDH!

    CERN Multimedia

    TIS General Safety Group or

    2001-01-01

    The electronic version of the Fire Permit form is now active. The aim of the Fire Permit procedure is to reduce the risk of fire or explosion. It is mandatory when performing 'hot work' (mainly activities which involve the use of naked flames or other heat sources - e.g. welding, brazing, cutting, grinding, etc.). Its use is explained in the CERN Fire Protection Code E. (Fire Protection) The new electronic form, which is substantially unchanged from the previous authorizing procedure, will be available on the Electronic Document Handling system (https://edh.cern.ch/) as of 1st September 2001. From this date use of the paper version should be discontinued.

  19. Why Open Science is now?

    OpenAIRE

    Takeda, Hideaki

    2018-01-01

    In this talk, I try to explain why we are talking about Open Science now by examining the history of Open Science. Current Open Science is not directly related to openness of Science Community fostered in Western Culture. Rather it is born by the influence of digitalization and engagement of Internet or openness of Internet in short. But openness of Internet itself is born with the great influence of open science tradition. There are four paths from openness of Internet to Open Science, i.e....

  20. ATLAS: Now under new management

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2013-01-01

    On 1 March, the ATLAS Collaboration welcomed a new spokesperson, Dave Charlton (University of Birmingham), and two new deputy spokespersons, Thorsten Wengler (CERN) and Beate Heinemann (University of California, Berkeley and LBNL). The Bulletin takes a look at what’s in store for one of the world’s largest scientific collaborations.   ATLAS members at the 2010 collaboration meeting in Copenhagen. Image: Rune Johansen and Troels Petersen. ATLAS spokesperson Dave Charlton has seen the collaboration through countless milestones: from construction to start-up to the 4 July 2012 announcement, he’s been an integral part of the team. Now, after twelve years with the collaboration, Dave is moving into the main office for the next two years. “2012 was a landmark year for ATLAS,” says Dave. “We spent a lot of time in the limelight and, in many ways, all eyes are still on us. But with the shutdown now under way, our focus is ...

  1. What, So What, Now What

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Çev.: Güler Demir

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This study is the translation of the section "What, so what, now what" in the book titled "Evidence-based Librarianship: case studies and active learning exercises”. The translation of the section titled "Evidence-based librarianship Down Under: improving a nation's resource-sharing" in the same book was previously made again for the Journal of Turkish Librarianship. The authors of this section, Carla Brooks et al., previously worked for some administrative and technical departments of the Mardigian Library at the University of Michigan-Dearborn in the USA. With a teamwork and consultancy support launched in 2003, it was aimed to investigate the service quality of the Mardigian Library. The data obtained from students and faculty members related to the library have led to suggestions regarding the current state of the library (what, assessment of the consequences and problems (so what and what needs to be done (now what. At the end of the research, the suggestions were carried into effect systematically and programmatically. Considering the importance of the evidence-based librarianship for both all the researchers interested in the subject as well as for those who study in the field of application, we hope that this translation will both contribute to the literature and set an example for similar studies in the future.

  2. Energy transition, is it now?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Combe, Matthieu; Thouverez, Pierre

    2016-06-01

    As French energy policy is now defined for energy transition, the contributions of this publication discuss implemented measures, what new laws will change, and what will be the consequences for industry. A first set of articles thus comments evolutions related to the implementation of energy transition in the building sector, how energy transition wants to get rid of wastage, how energy transition will impact the transport sector (public transports, car-pool and car sharing, bicycle, retail sector, airfields), and outline that President Hollande has fulfilled (nearly) all his commitments. The next article comments changes and critics made by the French constitutional Council on the law for energy transition. The next set of articles comments the results of an ADEME's study on bicycle kilometre allowance, discusses the issue of energy safety, and comments statements made by candidates to the French President election of 2012 on nuclear energy after the Fukushima accident

  3. Now Broadcasting in Planck Definition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hogan, Craig [Fermilab

    2013-07-08

    If reality has finite information content, space has finite fidelity. The quantum wave function that encodes spatial relationships may be limited to information that can be transmitted in a "Planck broadcast", with a bandwidth given by the inverse of the Planck time, about $2\\times 10^{43}$ bits per second. Such a quantum system can resemble classical space-time on large scales, but locality emerges only gradually and imperfectly. Massive bodies are never perfectly at rest, but very slightly and slowly fluctuate in transverse position, with a spectrum of variation given by the Planck time. This distinctive new kind of noise associated with quantum geometry would not have been noticed up to now, but may be detectable in a new kind of experiment.

  4. Brazilian Studies Then and Now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Pereira

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In 1912 the Brazilian diplomat and scholar Manuel de Oliveira Lima gave six lectures at Stanford University that encapsulated his views of what we now call Brazilian Studies. This article summarizes Oliveira Lima’s lectures. It then points out three aspects of Oliveira Lima’s worldview that are problematic from the perspective of the twenty-first century: his Eurocentrism; the unproblematic nature of the nation-state in his thinking; and his largely negative view of Brazil’s racial heritage. The third part of the essay analyzes three aspects of Oliveira Lima’s lectures that are still contemporary. These are the need to establish an adequate comparative context for the study of Brazil; the difficulty of justifying an academic discipline that revolves around the study of a single country; and the challenge of uniting disparate and specialized disciplines in order to appreciate Brazil’s complexity and trajectory in the modern world. In the conclusion, some guidelines for maintaining Brazilian Studies as a vibrant field are suggested.

  5. Actos Now for the prevention of diabetes (ACT NOW study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Reaven Peter D

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Impaired glucose tolerance (IGT is a prediabetic state. If IGT can be prevented from progressing to overt diabetes, hyperglycemia-related complications can be avoided. The purpose of the present study was to examine whether pioglitazone (ACTOS® can prevent progression of IGT to type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM in a prospective randomized, double blind, placebo controlled trial. Methods/Design 602 IGT subjects were identified with OGTT (2-hour plasma glucose = 140–199 mg/dl. In addition, IGT subjects were required to have FPG = 95–125 mg/dl and at least one other high risk characteristic. Prior to randomization all subjects had measurement of ankle-arm blood pressure, systolic/diastolic blood pressure, HbA1C, lipid profile and a subset had frequently sampled intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIVGTT, DEXA, and ultrasound determination of carotid intima-media thickness (IMT. Following this, subjects were randomized to receive pioglitazone (45 mg/day or placebo, and returned every 2–3 months for FPG determination and annually for OGTT. Repeat carotid IMT measurement was performed at 18 months and study end. Recruitment took place over 24 months, and subjects were followed for an additional 24 months. At study end (48 months or at time of diagnosis of diabetes the OGTT, FSIVGTT, DEXA, carotid IMT, and all other measurements were repeated. Primary endpoint is conversion of IGT to T2DM based upon FPG ≥ 126 or 2-hour PG ≥ 200 mg/dl. Secondary endpoints include whether pioglitazone can: (i improve glycemic control (ii enhance insulin sensitivity, (iii augment beta cell function, (iv improve risk factors for cardiovascular disease, (v cause regression/slow progression of carotid IMT, (vi revert newly diagnosed diabetes to normal glucose tolerance. Conclusion ACT NOW is designed to determine if pioglitazone can prevent/delay progression to diabetes in high risk IGT subjects, and to define the mechanisms (improved insulin

  6. Modification Semantics in Now-Relative Databases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp, Kristian; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Snodgrass, R. T.

    2004-01-01

    specifically,  the problems with modifications in the presence of NOW are explored, illustrating that the main problems are with modifications of tuples that reach into the future. The paper defines the semantics of modifications?including insertions, deletions, and updates?of databases without NOW, with NOW......, and with values of the type NOW + D, where D is a non-variable time duration. To accommodate these semantics, three new timestamp values are introduced. Finally, implementation is explored. We show how to represent the variable NOW with columns of standard SQL data types and give a mapping from SQL on NOW......-relative  data to standard SQL on these columns. The paper thereby completes the semantics, the querying, and the modification of now-relative databases.   Udgivelsesdato: DEC...

  7. Modification Semantics in Now-Relative Databases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Torp, Kristian; Jensen, Christian Søndergaard; Snodgrass, R. T.

    2004-01-01

    Most real-world databases record time-varying information. In such databases, the notion of ??the current time,?? or NOW, occurs naturally and prominently. For example, when capturing the past states of a relation using begin and end time columns, tuples that are part of the current state have some...... past time as their begin time and NOW as their end time. While the semantics of such variable databases has been described in detail and is well understood, the modification of variable databases remains unexplored. This paper defines the semantics of modifications involving the variable NOW. More...... specifically,  the problems with modifications in the presence of NOW are explored, illustrating that the main problems are with modifications of tuples that reach into the future. The paper defines the semantics of modifications?including insertions, deletions, and updates?of databases without NOW, with NOW...

  8. Insure Kids Now (IKN) (Dental Care Providers)

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The Insure Kids Now (IKN) Dental Care Providers in Your State locator provides profile information for oral health providers participating in Medicaid and Children's...

  9. The huge ATLAS cavern now fully excavated

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Excavation of the ATLAS cavern is now complete! At the end of two years' work involving a tremendous technical challenge, the civil engineering contractors have succeeded in digging out one of the biggest experimental caverns in the world. Bravo!

  10. Cancer Currents Now Available in Spanish

    Science.gov (United States)

    As part of our effort to more effectively reach patients, health care providers, and researchers with timely, authoritative, and scientifically accurate cancer information, we are now offering selected Cancer Currents blog posts in Spanish.

  11. Preparedness Now! An Emergency Survival Guide

    CERN Document Server

    Edwards, Aton

    2009-01-01

    In uncertain times, a solid preparedness plan is essential for every individual and family. PREPAREDNESS NOW! navigates the new realities of twenty-first century living: extreme weather, economic instability, terror attacks, and more. Packed with checklists, resources, and step-by-step instructions, PREPAREDNESS NOW! details everything needed for office, car, and home preparedness. This newly expanded and revised edition includes an extended chapter on food and water storage and urban gardening, techniques in personal defense, and the latest and best preparedness products on the market. This b

  12. Carbohydrate Chemistry from Fischer to Now

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    men, are the carbohydrates, produced by plants. Green leaves produce glucose using atmospheric carbon dioxide and water with the help of chlorophyll and sunlight. ... the important milestones in the development of organic chemistry. This was preceded by the discovery of phenyl hydrazine by. Fischer in 1875. It is now ...

  13. Guess what I am doing now!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Lawrence

    now! Shobhana Narasimhan. 60. From the time I was very young, my favourite subjects were mathematics and English. When people asked me what I wanted to do when I grew up, I used to have a hard time choosing between being a mathematician and being a writer, though I was always a bit embarrassed to say this, ...

  14. Brutally Unfair Tactics Totally OK Now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Douglas

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, I use a party game that I co-designed, Brutally Unfair Tactics Totally OK Now (B.U.T.T.O.N.), as a case study to suggest some alternative possibilities for the design of digitally-mediated play and games. Specifically, I argue that that intentionally “broken” or otherwise incomplet...

  15. Elementary Particle Physics-Then and Now

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 3; Issue 7. Elementary Particle Physics-Then and Now. Avinash Khare. Reflections Volume 3 Issue 7 July 1998 pp 80-80. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/003/07/0080-0080. Author Affiliations.

  16. Clean Cities Now Vol. 20, No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2016-06-13

    Clean Cities Now is the official semi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  17. Clean Cities Now Vol. 20, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2017-01-13

    Clean Cities Now is the official semi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  18. Active Children: Healthy Now And Later

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campbell, Linley; Musumeci, Josephine

    2005-01-01

    Current research is revealing that physical activity can protect against a range of lifestyle diseases and illnesses. Consequently, early childhood practitioners and parents need to adopt guidelines and practices which encourage children of all ages to be physically active. In "Active children: Healthy Now and Later," authors Linley…

  19. Clean Cities Now Vol. 19, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-12-18

    Clean Cities Now is the official bi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  20. Clean Cities Now Vol. 19, No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-07-24

    Now is the official bi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  1. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 18, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-01-19

    This is version 18.2 of Clean Cities Now, the official biannual newsletter of the Clean Cities program. Clean Cities is an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  2. Proposals now being accepted for 'INCITE'

    CERN Document Server

    2003-01-01

    Secretary of Energy, Spencer Abraham, has announced that proposals are now being accepted for a new DOE Office of Science program to support innovative, large-scale computational science projects. The program, entitled "Innovative and Novel Computational Impact on Theory and Experiment" will award a total of 4.5 million supercomputer processor hours and 100 trillion bytes of data storage space at the National Energy Research Scientific Computing Center at DOE's Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (1 page).

  3. Where are we now on nuclear power?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oppenheimer, A.

    1991-01-01

    Discussion at the March 1991 Conference of the institute of Energy 'Where are we now on Nuclear Power' is summarized. Speakers from the Institution of Nuclear Engineers, Nuclear Electric, the European Commission Energy Directorate, British Nuclear Fuels, Scottish Nuclear and others looked at the economic aspects and the safety and pollution record of nuclear power in the United Kingdom. Technically, nuclear power is doing well although political problems remain. There was a problem of retaining skilled people in the absence of an assured construction programme. However there was a mood of cautious optimism over the future of nuclear power in the UK. (UK)

  4. The MU radar now partly in operation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kato, S.; Ogawa, T.; Tsuda, T.; Sato, T.; Kimura, I.; Fukao, S.

    1984-01-01

    The MU radar (middle- and upper-atmosphere radar) of RASC (Radio Atmospheric Science Center, Kyoto University) is now partly in operation, although the facility will be completed in 1985. The active array system of the radar makes it possible to steer the radar beam as fast as in each interpulse period. Various sophisticated experiments are expected to be performed by the system. A preliminary observation was successful to elucidate atmospheric motions during Typhoon No. 5 which approached the radar site in August, 1983.

  5. Radiation protection training then and now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mulleavy, T.

    1988-01-01

    Prior to the accident at Three Mile Island, the radiological control training was provided by the health physics and the chemistry departments. The programs that required the input from the health physics department were the Operations Training and the General Employee Training Programs, which were formally organized and presented radiological controls practices as part of the course objectives. The operations training section periodically requested the health physics department management to provide a radiological portion to their operator qualification or operations requalification class. After the accident in 1979, the General Employee Training Program administration was taken over by the operation training department where it underwent changes with a dedicated effort. The Operations Training Program also underwent a change as well as the Radiological Control Technician Training Program. Each group now has a specialty program designed for their specific needs. These programs have been designed using the Institute of Nuclear Power Operations and regulator guidelines

  6. Now calling at the International Space Station

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2012-01-01

    On 31 July, an unmanned Russian Progress spacecraft was launched from the desert steppe of Kazakhstan. Its destination: the International Space Station (ISS). On board: five Timepix detectors developed by the Medipix2 Collaboration.   With the Timepix on board, Progress 48 was launched 31 July from the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan. Source: RSC Energia. Timepix detectors are small, USB powered particle trackers based on Medipix2 technology. The Timepix chip, which was developed at CERN, is coupled to a silicon sensor and incorporated into a minature readout system - developed at IEAP, Prague - which is about the size of a USB pen drive. These systems have been used across a variety of disciplines: from the study of cosmic rays to biomedical imaging. Now on board the ISS, they are providing highly accurate measurements of space radiation for dosimetry purposes. “There’s nothing else in the world that has quite the capability of Timepix detectors to ...

  7. CERN HUMAN RESOURCES 2002 REPORT NOW AVAILABLE

    CERN Document Server

    Human Resources Division

    2002-01-01

    A report on CERN Human Resources is published once every two years. The English version of the 2002 report is now available: on the Web in your divisional secretariat if you need a paper copy. The Human Resources 2002 report gives information on various subjects: general information on CERN's aim and the organization of its operations, results of the five-yearly review of financial and social conditions, an overview of members of personnel working at CERN, with breakdowns by a wide range of parameters, significant aspects in employment conditions. The report is intended, in the first instance, to inform people outside CERN. However, all staff members should be familiar with the most important facts and figures it contains. Think about publicizing it among your contacts outside the Laboratory! A French version will be ready in September. Human Resources Division Tel. 74108

  8. The Concept of now in Dogen's Philosophy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luetchford, Michael Eido

    Belief in the totality of the present moment forms one of the fundamental tenets of Buddhist philosophy. According to Buddhist thought, the past is not real, because it no longer exists, and the future is not real because it has not yet come into existence. Only the present moment is real existence. Early Buddhist philosophers developed a theory of existence as a point-instant, and this view finds parallels in the poetry of T.S. Eliot. The 13th century monk/philosopher Dogen wrote extensively about our concept of time set against our experience of time. In his masterwork, Shobogenzo, he expounds on the nature of the Now in a stimulating essay rich in imagery and metaphor.

  9. Oocyte cryopreservation: where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Argyle, Catrin E; Harper, Joyce C; Davies, Melanie C

    2016-06-01

    Since the first live birth from oocyte cryopreservation three decades ago, oocyte cryopreservation has become an important component of ART. Cryopreservation techniques have evolved, leading to higher success rates and the introduction of oocyte cryopreservation into IVF clinics worldwide. Concurrently, there has been an increase in patient demand, especially for so-called 'social egg freezing' that allows women to preserve their fertility in anticipation of age-related fertility decline. This review addresses a need to evaluate the current status of oocyte cryopreservation. It explores current techniques and success rates, clinical applications, the rise of elective oocyte cryopreservation, and future implications. A search was performed using Web of Science and PubMed databases for publications between January 1980 and December 2015. Keywords used included 'egg freezing', 'oocyte freezing', 'oocyte cryopreservation', 'oocyte vitrification', and 'fertility preservation'. The success rate of oocyte cryopreservation has risen, and the increasing use of vitrification offers has improved outcomes, with IVF pregnancy rates now similar to those achieved with fresh oocytes. There are conflicting opinions about the comparative success rates of open and closed vitrification. Patients are accessing and receiving oocyte cryopreservation for a wide range of indications, and there has been a marked increase in patient numbers and oocyte cryopreservation cycles. Oocyte cryopreservation for circumventing age-related infertility is becoming more widely accepted. Oocyte cryopreservation is an established component of ART, with vitrification now being the cryopreservation technique of choice. Increasing numbers of women undergo oocyte cryopreservation for both medical and social reasons. It is important to continue auditing outcomes and reporting long-term follow-up of children born from frozen-thawed oocytes. © The Author 2016. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of

  10. European Flood Awareness System - now operational

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alionte Eklund, Cristina.; Hazlinger, Michal; Sprokkereef, Eric; Garcia Padilla, Mercedes; Garcia, Rafael J.; Thielen, Jutta; Salamon, Peter; Pappenberger, Florian

    2013-04-01

    The European Commission's Communication "Towards a Stronger European Union Disaster Response" adopted and endorsed by the Council in 2010, underpins the importance of strengthening concerted actions for natural disasters including floods, which are amongst the costliest natural disasters in the EU. The European Flood Awareness System (EFAS) contributes in the case of major flood events. to better protection of the European Citizen, the environment, property and cultural heritage. The disastrous floods in Elbe and Danube rivers in 2002 confronted the European Commission with non-coherent flood warning information from different sources and of variable quality, complicating planning and organisation of aid. Thus, the Commission initiated the development of a European Flood Awareness System (EFAS) which is now going operational. EFAS has been developed and tested at the Joint Research Centre, the Commission's in house science service, in close collaboration with the National hydrological and meteorological services, European Civil Protection through the Monitoring and Information Centre (MIC) and other research institutes. EFAS provides Pan-European overview maps of flood probabilities up to 10 days in advance as well as detailed forecasts at stations where the National services are providing real time data. More than 30 hydrological services and civil protection services in Europe are part of the EFAS network. Since 2011, EFAS is part of the COPERNICUS Emergency Management Service, (EMS) and is now an operational service since 2012. The Operational EFAS is being executed by several consortia dealing with different operational aspects: • EFAS Hydrological data collection centre —REDIAM and ELIMCO- will be collecting historic and realtime discharge and water levels data in support to EFAS • EFAS Meteorological data collection centre —outsourced but running onsite of JRC Ispra. Will be collecting historic and realtime meteorological data in support to EFAS

  11. [Enteral alimentation at home: why PEG now?].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Suzuki, Y; Hanyu, N; Kashiwagi, H; Kubo, T; Aoki, T

    1996-12-01

    The history of percutaneous endoscopic gastrostomy (PEG) is relatively short. In 1980, a report entitled "Gastrostomy without laparotomy: A percutaneous endoscopic technique" by Ponsky and Gaudere was first published in the Journal of Pediatric Surgery. Thereafter, PEG soon saw widespread use in Western countries because of its clinical efficacy and economy. It has been performed in about 170,000 cases annually in the US. In contrast, its spread in Japan has been extremely slow: only about 10,000 cases have undergone this procedure annually, and this number accounted for less than 5% of patients receiving enteral alimentation. The reason why PEG has not spread may be the medical insurance system in Japan and the local distaste for operation scarring. However, in consideration of the unprecedented ageing of society that is surely coming in the near future, the role of PEG in Japan must be reexamined. In this report, we presented the methodology of enteral alimentation at home by means of PEG, giving special consideration to: (1) "What points are improved by using enteral alimentation at home by means of PEG in various diseases; (2) dysphagia due to cerebral angiopathy; (3) terminal cancer; (4) otolaryngological diseases; and (5) Crohn disease. We also discussed "Why PEG is important now?" in performing enteral alimentation at home.

  12. Farmer's lung is now in decline.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Arya, A

    2012-02-03

    Farmer\\'s lung incidence in Ireland was constant until 1996, even though hay making methods were revolutionised in late 1980\\'s. We undertook this study to find out the incidence of farmer\\'s lung in Ireland from 1982-2002 and its correlation with rainfall and the effect of changing farm practices. The primary cases of farmer\\'s lung were identified from Hospital in Patients Enquiry (HIPE) unit of the national Economic & Social Research Institute (ESRI) Dublin. Rainfall data were obtained from Met Eireann whereas population, hay production and silage production were obtained from the Central Statistics Office, Dublin. As the farming population is in decline, we used the annual working unit (AWU), which reflects the true population at risk. An AWU is the equivalent of 1800 hours per farm worker per year. The incidence rates were constant from 1982-1996, but from 1997-2002 a marked decline was observed. There was strong positive correlation with hay production (r = 0.81) and strong negative correlation with silage production (r = -0.82). This study indicates that the incidence of farmer\\'s lung is now in decline.

  13. I made a website! Now what?

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2017-01-01

    When you finish your website (or a web app) and you are ready to show it to the world, it's not the end of your work, it's just the beginning. Users will ask you to add new features, some bugs will be discovered or you will simply have to answer some emails about the website. But before this happens, you need to put is somewhere, so people can see it and start using it. Now, how do you select which of the 1047 different hosting companies will be the best? Or where do you get a cheap domain? How do you know that your website is up and running when you don't look or how do you communicate with people who subscribed to your newsletter? You don't know? Don't worry, during this talk I will give you some examples of tools and services that you can use when launching your website (with an emphasis on cheap/free and reliable tools).

  14. Now, It's Your Turn: How You Can Take Medicine Safely

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... please turn Javascript on. Feature: Taking Medicines Safely Now, It's Your Turn: How You Can Take Medicine ... a medicine. The pharmacist has filled the prescription. Now it's up to you to take the medicine ...

  15. Ambient Technology - Now You See It, Now You Don't

    Science.gov (United States)

    Payne, R.; MacDonald, B.

    There were 152 million PCs shipped in 2003 with 170 million expected by the end of 2004. The total number of PCs delivered worldwide over the last 10 years or so is now over one billion - but the processors in these PCs account for just 1-2% of all processors sold annually, the vast majority of the other 98% being embedded in equipment such as mobile phones, TVs, washing machines, game consoles, and cars. On the basis of these figures, an installed embedded processor base of something like 50+ billion is not an unreasonable estimate, and the average person in the UK can expect to come into contact with 100+ embedded processors a day without realising or thinking about it. This is especially true if you are driving a modern car, such as the latest Mercedes C-Class, which has 153 processors controlling things like fuel supply, braking efficiency, and navigational and safety features.

  16. kNOw Soil - kNOw Life: Integrating soil science across disciplines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindbo, D. L.; Kozlowski, D.; Robinson, C.; Chapman, S.

    2014-12-01

    Teaching primary and secondary school students (K-12) about science and art, although absolutely critical, can be difficult. Teachers have specific standards or subject matters that they are required to cover and often soils and soil science is not included in that list. We have struggled with ways to bring soil science information to the larger audience as the direct approach meets with resistance due to the time commitments to other standards. Our approach now is to use soils as a media or vehicle to teach key concepts in broad subject areas. We have developed several lesson plans in science, geography, math and art that focus on a concept but use soils to convey it. For example students make "mini" monoliths of a state soil. During this exercise students need to use skills in geography to find where their state soil occurs in their state and in the country. They need to understand colors in order to choose the correct colors to use to make their monolith. Finally, they must understand how scales work in order to make the monolith accurate in terms of horizon depths. Throughout the exercise discussion on my certain colors occur in the soil can be discussed. This discussion can lead to a qualitative understanding of chemistry and biology. This presentation will demonstrate this lesson and several others that have been developed and available through the Soil Science Society of America's K12 Education Committee and our International Year of Soil website.

  17. Neu/Now testib talenti kontekstis / Mart Niineste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Niineste, Mart, 1983-

    2011-01-01

    17.-20. novembrini toimuvast rahvusvahelisest kunstifestivalist Neu/Now. Kahetasandilise festivali raames toimuvast online-festivalist ja live-festivalist. Festivali Eesti poolne kuraator Marje Lohuaru

  18. Nation Building in Palestine - The Time is Now

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Maclean, David

    2002-01-01

    .... That being said, it may seem counterintuitive to pursue relations now with a non-state, especially one in conflict with one of our closest and enduring allies, and currently perceived as one who at a...

  19. Then & Now: Medical Research Pays Off for All Americans

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Howard Taft—Then & Now Taft's Condition Treatment Then Treatment Today Obesity —"Obesity" refers to excessive body fat. Men with more than 25 percent body fat and women with more than 30 percent are obese. More ...

  20. Buy it Now: A Hybrid Internet Market Institution

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Steve; Friedman, Daniel; Milam, Garrett; Singh, Nirvikar

    2004-01-01

    This paper analyzes seller choices and outcomes in approximately 700 recent Internet auctions on eBay. The ‘Buy it Now’ option that is available in these auctions allows the seller to supplement or replace the auction with a posted price offer. We use a structural model to control for the endogenous conduct of the auction (e.g., number of bids and bidders) as well as product and seller characteristics. Among other results, we find that the ‘Buy it Now’ option was used more often by se...

  1. Precocious signs of new physics: Are we eight now?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    . 20%, we emphasize that there are by now several indications that suggest the need for a beyond the Standard Model CP-odd phase. The value of sin2β measured via the gold- plated (tree) mode, B → ψKs is smaller than the value deduced ...

  2. Precocious signs of new physics: Are we eight now?

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Although the CKM-paradigm seems to work to an accuracy of about 15–20%, we emphasize that there are by now several indications that suggest the need for a beyond the Standard Model CP-odd phase. The value of sin 2 measured via the gold-plated (tree) mode, → s is smaller than the value deduced by using ...

  3. TV review: Nova scienceNOW - Season 2, Episode 4

    CERN Multimedia

    Lasser, Josh

    2007-01-01

    "Sitting down to watch the fourth episode of the second season of Nova ScienceNOW I'm mainly struck by one thought: why have they only put out four epidoses nearly nine months into their second season? The second story is all about CERN and the LHC. (2 pages)

  4. PLATO[R] Achieve Now. What Works Clearinghouse Intervention Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    What Works Clearinghouse, 2010

    2010-01-01

    "PLATO[R] Achieve Now" is a software-based curriculum for the elementary and middle school grades. Instructional content is delivered via the PlayStation Portable (PSP[R]) system, allowing students to access learning materials in various settings. Software-based assessments are used to customize individual instruction, allowing students…

  5. Why Physiology is now the key to understanding Evolution

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The standard Neo-Darwinist theory of evolution assumes that genetic change is random with respect to function. On this view physiology is ... further progress in understanding the evolution of life on earth now lies with research in the .... consists largely of semi-stable genetic elements that may be rearranged or even moved ...

  6. Representing and querying now-relative relational medical data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anselma, Luca; Piovesan, Luca; Stantic, Bela; Terenziani, Paolo

    2018-03-01

    Temporal information plays a crucial role in medicine. Patients' clinical records are intrinsically temporal. Thus, in Medical Informatics there is an increasing need to store, support and query temporal data (particularly in relational databases), in order, for instance, to supplement decision-support systems. In this paper, we show that current approaches to relational data have remarkable limitations in the treatment of "now-relative" data (i.e., data holding true at the current time). This can severely compromise their applicability in general, and specifically in the medical context, where "now-relative" data are essential to assess the current status of the patients. We propose a theoretically grounded and application-independent relational approach to cope with now-relative data (which can be paired, e.g., with different decision support systems) overcoming such limitations. We propose a new temporal relational representation, which is the first relational model coping with the temporal indeterminacy intrinsic in now-relative data. We also propose new temporal algebraic operators to query them, supporting the distinction between possible and necessary time, and Allen's temporal relations between data. We exemplify the impact of our approach, and study the theoretical and computational properties of the new representation and algebra. Copyright © 2018 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  7. Persuasion is now 30 per cent of US GDP

    OpenAIRE

    Gerry Antioch

    2013-01-01

    Persuasion is the common thread in almost all voluntary transactions. With persuasion’s footprint in the modern economy substantial and growing, this paper briefly scans the recent literature and suggests the McCloskey-Klamer estimate of the persuasion content of GDP could now be higher.

  8. Wartawan Media Now dalam Mengemas Berita: Perspektif Situational Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dasrun Hidayat

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The study aims to map and describe relationships between concepts of activity of journalists in the media now cloning technology based activities and relationship between news reporters. This study discusses the focus of news coverage in media activities and relationships among the journalists in the era of technology. The theory used is situational theory Grunig and Hunt and descriptive method of Public Relations. The study found that the situation changes in the era of media encourage actions of unscrupulous hunters cloning news. News media such as online media should now be used as the initial data is not the primary data news writing. The presence of media now facilitates the work of journalists but not always produce good quality of news. Otherwise, the presence of technology encourages more active cloning news reporter. Media now can initiate active and apathetic public situations as influenced by quality news content. The presence of media technology changes the image of the relationship between journalists—from person to person or reporter to reporter to journalists with media technology.

  9. Response to "The Future Is Now for Renewed Commitment"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Campolo, Tony

    2012-01-01

    Decades have passed since the author wrote "The Future is Now for Renewed Commitment" for the 1981 for the "National ACAC Journal." Back then, prospective students were sure that a college education was a ticket to social and economic success. Today that certainty is greatly diminished and many young people are asking whether or not a college…

  10. Globalization Then and Now: Increasing Scale Reduces Local Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Joseph A. Tainter

    2006-01-01

    One consequence of globalization is that parts of the world that were once remote and minimally influenced by broader political and economic developments now find themselves profoundly affected by forces beyond their comprehension. Communities that were once self-sufficient and resilient come to depend on larger systems, no longer control their own destinies, and...

  11. Living the future now: `Race' and challenges of transformation in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Living the future now: `Race' and challenges of transformation in higher education. ZE Erasmus. Abstract. Drawing on research among medical students at the University of Cape Town's Faculty of Health Sciences, this article explores two questions: How do students and staff work with `race' in their relations to one another?

  12. HEALTH INSURANCE: our money in a capitalized fund now

    CERN Document Server

    Association du personnel

    In ECHO no. 41 on 5 November “Health insurance: what is the current situation?” we explained to you the situation of our Health Insurance Scheme and the ideas currently being discussed to ensure its future balance. If you missed this episode, you should catch up on it now so that you understand what follows.

  13. The Women's Movement: What N.O.W.?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Howard

    1983-01-01

    Eleanor Smeal, the outgoing President of the National Organization for Women (N.O.W.), discusses her views on where the Women's Movement has been and where it is going. She deals with ERA, abortion, sexual harassment, and the gender gap. (AM)

  14. Texte zur Entwicklung des verstehenden Hoerens: Now Listen Carefully (Texts for the Development of Aural Comprehension: "Now Listen Carefully")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eitlinger, Ingrid

    1975-01-01

    Discusses the possibility of introducing the booklet "Now Listen Carefully" (Volk und Wissen, Berlin 1975), which contains 72 texts. A topical arrangement of the texts into teaching units is attempted, and hints on method are given. (Text is in German.) (IFS/WGA)

  15. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 13, No. 2 - June 2009 (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2009-06-01

    The June 2009 issue of Clean Cities Now features stories about elementary school students establishing no-idle zones in San Antonio; recent Propane Road Shows in Virginia, Maryland, and South Carolina; green vehicles helping children's charities in California; and a new truck stop electrification system in South Carolina. The Fleet Experiences story features the University of Illinois-Chicago's mixed fleet of alternative fuel vehicles.

  16. Nowe zasady działalności firm audytorskich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazimierz Sawicki

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono zmiany, stanowiące implementację Dyrektywy 2006/43/WE Unii Europejskiej w części dotyczącej funkcjonowania firm audytorskich w Polsce. Zgłoszono uwagi popierające nowe rozwiązania, jak też zawierające wątpliwości dotyczące skuteczności ich stosowania w praktyce.

  17. Linguistics, cognitive psychology, and the Now-or-Never bottleneck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Endress, Ansgar D; Katzir, Roni

    2016-01-01

    Christiansen & Chater (C&C)'s key premise is that "if linguistic information is not processed rapidly, that information is lost for good" (sect. 1, para. 1). From this "Now-or-Never bottleneck" (NNB), C&C derive "wide-reaching and fundamental implications for language processing, acquisition and change as well as for the structure of language itself" (sect. 2, para. 10). We question both the premise and the consequentiality of its purported implications.

  18. Natural language processing and the Now-or-Never bottleneck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gómez-Rodríguez, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Researchers, motivated by the need to improve the efficiency of natural language processing tools to handle web-scale data, have recently arrived at models that remarkably match the expected features of human language processing under the Now-or-Never bottleneck framework. This provides additional support for said framework and highlights the research potential in the interaction between applied computational linguistics and cognitive science.

  19. Alanud on Neu/Now online-festival

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2011-01-01

    4. okt.-l avatud Neu/Now festivali online-keskonnas esitletakse 23 riigi 135 noore kunstiprojekte. Nimetatud Eestist festivalile pääsenud 9 tööd. 17.-20. nov.-ni toimuval live-festivail esitletakse Tallinnas 17 riigi 35 kunstiprojekti (Eestist 5). Kandideerida said lõpetavad või äsja lõpetanud kunsti- ja muusikaerialade tudengid ELIA võrgustikku kuuluvatest ülikoolidest

  20. Save Energy Now Assessments Results 2008 Detailed Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, Anthony L [ORNL; Martin, Michaela A [ORNL; Nimbalkar, Sachin U [ORNL; Quinn, James [U.S. Department of Energy; Glatt, Ms. Sandy [DOE Industrial Technologies Program; Orthwein, Mr. Bill [U.S. Department of Energy

    2010-09-01

    In October 2005, U.S. Department of Energy Secretary Bodman launched his Easy Ways to Save Energy campaign with a promise to provide energy assessments to 200 of the largest U.S. manufacturing plants. DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) responded to the Secretary's campaign with its Save Energy Now initiative, featuring a new and highly cost-effective form of energy savings assessment. The approach for these assessments drew heavily on the existing resources of ITP's technology delivery component. Over the years, ITP Technology Delivery has worked with industry partners to assemble a suite of respected software tools, proven assessment protocols, training curricula, certified energy experts, and strong partnerships for deployment. The Save Energy Now assessments conducted in calendar year 2006 focused on natural gas savings and targeted many of the nation's largest manufacturing plants - those that consume at least 1 TBtu of energy annually. The 2006 Save Energy Now assessments focused primarily on assessments of steam and process heating systems, which account for an estimated 74% of all natural gas use by U.S. manufacturing plants. Because of the success of the Save Energy Now assessments conducted in 2006 and 2007, the program was expanded and enhanced in two major ways in 2008: (1) a new goal was set to perform at least 260 assessments; and (2) the assessment focus was expanded to include pumping, compressed air, and fan systems in addition to steam and process heating. DOE ITP also has developed software tools to assess energy efficiency improvement opportunities in pumping, compressed air, and fan systems. The Save Energy Now assessments integrate a strong training component designed to teach industrial plant personnel how to use DOE's opportunity assessment software tools. This approach has the advantages of promoting strong buy-in of plant personnel for the assessment and its outcomes and preparing them better to

  1. Service management at CERN with Service-Now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Toteva, Z; Fedorko, I; Hefferman, J; Lemaitre, S; Mira, O Pera; Alonso, R Alvarez; Cheimariou, M-E; Clavo, D Martin; Granda, E Alvarez; Pedreira, P Martinez

    2012-01-01

    The Information Technology (IT) and the General Services (GS) departments at CERN have decided to combine their extensive experience in support for IT and non-IT services towards a common goal – to bring the services closer to the end user based on Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) best practice. The collaborative efforts have so far produced definitions for the incident and the request fulfilment processes which are based on a unique two-dimensional service catalogue that combines both the user and the support team views of all services. After an extensive evaluation of the available industrial solutions, Service-now was selected as the tool to implement the CERN Service-Management processes. The initial release of the tool provided an attractive web portal for the users and successfully implemented two basic ITIL processes; the incident management and the request fulfilment processes. It also integrated with the CERN personnel databases and the LHC GRID ticketing system. Subsequent releases continued to integrate with other third-party tools like the facility management systems of CERN as well as to implement new processes such as change management. Independently from those new development activities it was decided to simplify the request fulfilment process in order to achieve easier acceptance by the CERN user community. We believe that due to the high modularity of the Service-now tool, the parallel design of ITIL processes e.g., event management and non-ITIL processes, e.g., computer centre hardware management, will be easily achieved. This presentation will describe the experience that we have acquired and the techniques that were followed to achieve the CERN customization of the Service-Now tool.

  2. Service management at CERN with Service-Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toteva, Z.; Alvarez Alonso, R.; Alvarez Granda, E.; Cheimariou, M.-E.; Fedorko, I.; Hefferman, J.; Lemaitre, S.; Clavo, D. Martin; Martinez Pedreira, P.; Pera Mira, O.

    2012-12-01

    The Information Technology (IT) and the General Services (GS) departments at CERN have decided to combine their extensive experience in support for IT and non-IT services towards a common goal - to bring the services closer to the end user based on Information Technology Infrastructure Library (ITIL) best practice. The collaborative efforts have so far produced definitions for the incident and the request fulfilment processes which are based on a unique two-dimensional service catalogue that combines both the user and the support team views of all services. After an extensive evaluation of the available industrial solutions, Service-now was selected as the tool to implement the CERN Service-Management processes. The initial release of the tool provided an attractive web portal for the users and successfully implemented two basic ITIL processes; the incident management and the request fulfilment processes. It also integrated with the CERN personnel databases and the LHC GRID ticketing system. Subsequent releases continued to integrate with other third-party tools like the facility management systems of CERN as well as to implement new processes such as change management. Independently from those new development activities it was decided to simplify the request fulfilment process in order to achieve easier acceptance by the CERN user community. We believe that due to the high modularity of the Service-now tool, the parallel design of ITIL processes e.g., event management and non-ITIL processes, e.g., computer centre hardware management, will be easily achieved. This presentation will describe the experience that we have acquired and the techniques that were followed to achieve the CERN customization of the Service-Now tool.

  3. Apocalypse now, Vietnam and the rhetoric of influence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Childs

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Readings of Francis Ford Coppola's Apocalypse Now (1979 often confront the difficulty of having to privilege either its aesthetic context (considering, for instance, its relation to Conrad's Heart of Darkness [1899] or to the history of cinema or its value as a representation of the Vietnam War. In this paper, I will argue that viewing the film as a meditation on the nature and rhetoric of influence allows us to bridge this gap and provides us with valuable insights into both the film's aesthetic precursors and the circumstances of its historical setting.

  4. van Leeuwenhoek microscopes-where are they now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Lesley A

    2015-05-01

    When Antonie van Leeuwenhoek died, he left over 500 simple microscopes, aalkijkers (an adaption of his microscope to allow the examination of blood circulation in the tails of small eels) and lenses, yet now there are only 10 microscopes with a claim to being authentic, one possible aalkijker and six lenses. He made microscopes with more than one lens, and possibly three forms of the aalkijker. This paper attempts to establish exactly what he left and trace the fate of some of the others using the earliest possible documents and publications. © FEMS 2015. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  5. SeisComP 3 - Where are we now?

    OpenAIRE

    Joachim Saul; Jan Becker; Winfried Hanka; Andres Heinloo; Bernd Weber

    2010-01-01

    The seismological software SeisComP has evolved within the last approximately 10 years from a pure acquisition modules to a fully featured real-time earthquake monitoring software. The now very popular SeedLink protocol for seismic data transmission has been the core of SeisComP from the very beginning. Later additions included simple, purely automatic event detection, location and magnitude determination capabilities. Especially within the development of the 3rd-generation SeisComP, also kno...

  6. CERN HUMAN RESSOURCES 1999 FRENCH VERSION NOW AVAIABLE

    CERN Document Server

    Division du Personnel

    1999-01-01

    A report on CERN Human Resources is published once every two years. The version of the 1999 report is now available in French and in English: in your divisional secretariat for paper copieson the Web: http://www.cern.ch/HRreportIn its foreword, the Director-General addresses some key issues:'Many (…) key personnel are now steadily approaching retirement. (…) More efficient working methods and new technology can absorb not all the natural depletion. New blood is vital, and about a hundred new people are taken on each year'About the RSL programme, he says:'… More than 30 additional posts have been opened by this voluntary scheme. This programme displays the excellent mutual understanding that has been carefully built up between CERN management and staff. This harmonious atmosphere bodes well for continued success.'The Human Resources 1999 report gives information on a lot of subjects:general information on CERN's aim and the organisation of its operations,major changes in recent years...

  7. Porcine to Human Heart Transplantation: Is Clinical Application Now Appropriate?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher G. A. McGregor

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Cardiac xenotransplantation (CXTx is a promising solution to the chronic shortage of donor hearts. Recent advancements in immune suppression have greatly improved the survival of heterotopic CXTx, now extended beyond 2 years, and life-supporting kidney XTx. Advances in donor genetic modification (B4GALNT2 and CMAH mutations with proven Gal-deficient donors expressing human complement regulatory protein(s have also accelerated, reducing donor pig organ antigenicity. These advances can now be combined and tested in life-supporting orthotopic preclinical studies in nonhuman primates and immunologically appropriate models confirming their efficacy and safety for a clinical CXTx program. Preclinical studies should also allow for organ rejection to develop xenospecific assays and therapies to reverse rejection. The complexity of future clinical CXTx presents a substantial and unique set of regulatory challenges which must be addressed to avoid delay; however, dependent on these prospective life-supporting preclinical studies in NHPs, it appears that the scientific path forward is well defined and the era of clinical CXTx is approaching.

  8. Canon multifunction copier machines – now with onsite support!

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    Following a retendering process in 2012, the IT Department is pleased to announce that leased multifunction copier machines are now covered by onsite support, provided by Canon technicians via the CERN Service Desk support system.   You can now contact the Service Desk regarding any problems or requests for toner: Telephone: 77777 Email: Service-Desk@cern.ch Please remember to quote the machine printer name and/or serial number (marked on the side of the machine). The following submission forms are available online: Report a failure with a printer or copier Request for network printer or copier installation or move Request toner/ink for my printer or copier The website below details the range of models available, all of which include print, photocopy and scan-to-mail functions as standard. These multifunction copier machines are leased subject to a monthly charge (minimum of 48 months) plus a “per click” charge to cover consumables (except staples), leaving you noth...

  9. What do we know by now about the genus Naegleria?

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Jonckheere, Johan F

    2014-11-01

    In this short overview of the genus Naegleria a brief historical sketch is given since the discovery of this amoeboflagellate in 1899 and the finding in 1970 that one species, Naegleria fowleri causes primary amoebic meningoencephalitis in man. Eight different types of this pathogen are known which have an uneven distribution over the world. Until now 47 different Naegleria spp. are described, of which two other species cause disease in experimental animals, and their geographical dispersal is indicated. The presence of group I introns in the SSU and in the LSU rDNA in the genus is discussed, as well as the possibility of sex or mating. It is also mentioned that the genome of N. fowleri should not be compared to that of Naegleria gruberi, to know why the former is pathogenic, but to the genome of its closest relative Naegleria lovaniensis. Copyright © 2014. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  10. A road long travelled: is SCOAP 3 now arriving?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ralf Schimmer

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The relatively small and specialized international scholarly community of high energy physics (HEP is leading the way to the ‘gold’ model of open access (OA. With the leadership and substantial support of CERN, the community's Geneva-based hub, the Sponsoring Consortium for Open Access Publishing in Particle Physics (SCOAP3 has created an innovative model for OA publishing. Whereas the journal subscriptions of today implicitly support the important process of peer review, the new model federates funding agencies and libraries to cover journals' professional publication costs explicitly, while publishers make the electronic versions of their journals free to read. Authors are not directly charged to publish their articles OA. Each SCOAP3 partner will finance its contribution by canceling journal subscriptions, and each country will contribute according to its share of HEP publishing. The project is now embarked on a complex finessing process on the route to the projected 2014 launch.

  11. The Millimeter Wave Observatory antenna now at INAOE-Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luna, A.

    2017-07-01

    The antenna of 5 meters in diameter of the legendary "Millimeter Wave Observatory" is now installed in the INAOE-Mexico. This historic antenna was reinstalled and was equipped with a control system and basic primary focus receivers that enabled it in teaching activities. We work on the characterization of its surface and on the development of receivers and spectrometers to allow it to do research Solar and astronomical masers. The historical contributions of this antenna to science and technology in radio astronomy, serve as the guiding force and the inspiration of the students and technicians of our postgrade in Astrophysics. It is enough to remember that it was with this antenna, that the first molecular outflow was discovered, several lines of molecular emission were discovered and it was the first antenna whose surface was characterized by holography; among many other technological and scientific contributions.

  12. Now And Then - Life Trajectories, Family Relationships and Diasporic Identities

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Singla, Rashmi

    of relation with the country of origin, psychological consciousness as well as cultural consumption are used to analyse the South Asian young adults’ diasporic identities. The qualitative method in-depth interviews/ life mode interview aiming to anchor life transitions and events in contexts has been used...... as active agents and the structural aspects. Furthermore, conceptualisations about ethnic identity and diaspora as social strategies for maintenance of relation with the country of origin, psychological consciousness as well as cultural consumption are used to analyse the South Asian young adults’ diasporic......Short version:   The book explores the issues of family relationships; between different generations and among the intimate partners. In addition, the issues of identity are analyzed in the context of late modernity and movements across the borders. Now and Then is a journey across time and space...

  13. Nowe kryteria klasyfikacyjne reumatoidalnego zapalenia stawów

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ewa Stanisławska-Biernat

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available W artykule przedstawiono nowe kryteria klasyfikacyjne reumatoidalnegozapalenia stawów (RZS, opracowane pierwszy raz przezwspólną grupę roboczą badaczy amerykańskich – z AmerykańskiegoKolegium Reumatologicznego (ACR – i europejskich – z EuropejskiejLigi Przeciwreumatycznej (EULAR. Omówiono przyczynywprowadzenia nowych kryteriów oraz zasady ich opracowywania.Na podstawie prac nad nowymi kryteriami wymieniono objawy klinicznei wyniki badań dodatkowych, które są czynnikami ryzykaprzetrwałego albo nadżerkowego zapalenia stawów. Przedstawionosposób posługiwania się nowymi kryteriami ACR/EULAR 2010dla RZS. Zwrócono także uwagę na ewentualne konsekwencjewprowadzenia nowych kryteriów.

  14. Tele-echocardiography – Made for astronauts, now in hospitals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Balasingam

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Telemedicine, ie ‘the delivery of healthcare and sharing of medical knowledge using telecommunication systems' has penetrated every field of medicine. As a result, tele-echocardiography, the study of the heart via telemedicine started expanding. Ironically, space became the next frontier for mankind's new innovations and technology pursuit. However, the microgravity environment of space is known to be challenging to astronauts hearts. As such, new tele-echocardiography techniques have evolved. The main aim was to research a system that can be operated by a layperson but still be able to provide high yield diagnostic information in real time to specialists on earth. This spin-off space technology is recognized to have a positive impact, especially in developing countries with vast terrain. It is now utilized in hospitals and other terrestial locations where patients in remote regions can have their hearts analysed and data relayed to specialists in bigger centres for interpretation and further management.

  15. Childhood nephrotic syndrome in tropical Africa: then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olowu, Wasiu A; Ademola, Adebowale; Ajite, Adebukola B; Saad, Yauba M

    2017-11-01

    This descriptive and comparative review examines the changing epidemiology, treatment, renal and patient outcome of childhood nephrotic syndrome (NS) in tropical Africa (TpAfr). In the 1960s to 1980s, corticosteroid-resistant non-minimal change disease (nMCD) including quartan malaria nephropathy (QMN) was the dominant renal histopathology type. The overall incidence of NS was 0.35-1.34% of hospital admissions. Median age at onset of NS ranged between 4.0 and 12.0 years while the mean (SD) age range was 5.8 (3.8) to 10.3 (4.8) years across studies. The male: female ratio was 1.6:1.0. The overall mean (SD) incidence of idiopathic minimal change disease (MCD) [21.6 (18.6%)] compared with idiopathic nMCD [59.1 (25.7%)] demonstrates significant dominance of the latter (p = 0.0001). Post-1989, the following mean (SD) incidences of histopathological types were: MCD 20.4 (17.7%), focal segmental glomerulosclerosis 39.0 (26.3%), membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis 25.4 (16.8%), proliferative glomerulonephritis 16.7 (27.0%) and membranous nephropathy 7.4 (4.5%). While the mean (SD) proportion of steroid resistance (SR) [73.5 (19.2%)] was significantly greater than the mean complete remission (CR) [26.5 (19.2%)] during 1960-1989 (p=0.005), mean (SD) SR [27.4 (25.3%)] was significantly lower than mean (SD) CR [66.1 (28.0%)] post-1989 (p < 0.001). Unlike QMN, hepatitis B virus, HIV infection, sickle cell disease and systemic lupus erythematosus are now increasingly being associated with NS in TpAfr. Mean (SD) renal survival post-1989 was 58.3 (37.0%) while all-cause mortality was 9.8%. Children with NS now survive better than before, reflecting improved access to healthcare and transition to a clinical pattern favouring idiopathic NS and increased sensitivity to corticosteroids.

  16. Endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor: where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Félétou, Michel; Vanhoutte, Paul M

    2006-06-01

    The endothelium controls vascular tone not only by releasing nitric oxide (NO) and prostacyclin but also by other pathways causing hyperpolarization of the underlying smooth muscle cells. This characteristic was at the origin of the denomination endothelium-derived hyperpolarizing factor (EDHF). We know now that this acronym includes different mechanisms. In general, EDHF-mediated responses involve an increase in the intracellular calcium concentration, the opening of calcium-activated potassium channels of small and intermediate conductance and the hyperpolarization of the endothelial cells. This results in an endothelium-dependent hyperpolarization of the smooth muscle cells, which can be evoked by direct electrical coupling through myo-endothelial junctions and/or the accumulation of potassium ions in the intercellular space. Potassium ions hyperpolarize the smooth muscle cells by activating inward rectifying potassium channels and/or Na+/K(+)-ATPase. In some blood vessels, including large and small coronary arteries, the endothelium releases arachidonic acid metabolites derived from cytochrome P450 monooxygenases. The epoxyeicosatrienoic acids (EET) generated are not only intracellular messengers but also can diffuse and hyperpolarize the smooth muscle cells by activating large conductance calcium-activated potassium channels. Additionally, the endothelium can produce other factors such as lipoxygenases derivatives or hydrogen peroxide (H2O2). These different mechanisms are not necessarily exclusive and can occur simultaneously.

  17. COSEE NOW: An online community for scientists and educators

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferraro, C.; Lichtenwalner, C. S.; Glenn, S. M.; McDonnell, J. D.

    2010-12-01

    Online collaboration tools provide an outlet for scientists to reach out and partner with each other and education and public outreach (EPO) professionals as they develop their broader impact projects. These same tools are also enabling scientists to deliver their research to public audiences in innovative ways. COSEE Networked Ocean World has built an online community that expands the collaborative capabilities of scientists and education and public outreach (EPO) professionals working with Ocean Observing Systems. To foster these interactions, we have invested in the development of an online social networking portal (http://coseenow.net) that provides virtual meeting place, where members can work together on innovative ocean education projects. The portal allows users to create their own profiles and search for colleagues and potential collaborators to add as contacts or “friends.” To facilitate collaboration, the site also features collaborative workgroups (public or private) and topical blogs, where users can discuss relevant issues and share resources. Additionally, over the course of the last year, the COSEE NOW team has conducted and hosted over 2 dozen webinars and web-based meetings focusing on effective practices in education and public outreach and highlighting examples of scientists’ engagement in these activities. The consolidation of all of these functions into one online environment has expanded the interactions between members, enhanced the quality of EPO products, and the increased dissemination of scientific research.

  18. Regulatory principles in metabolism-then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curi, Rui; Newsholme, Philip; Marzuca-Nassr, Gabriel Nasri; Takahashi, Hilton Kenji; Hirabara, Sandro Massao; Cruzat, Vinicius; Krause, Mauricio; de Bittencourt, Paulo Ivo Homem

    2016-07-01

    The importance of metabolic pathways for life and the nature of participating reactions have challenged physiologists and biochemists for over a hundred years. Eric Arthur Newsholme contributed many original hypotheses and concepts to the field of metabolic regulation, demonstrating that metabolic pathways have a fundamental thermodynamic structure and that near identical regulatory mechanisms exist in multiple species across the animal kingdom. His work at Oxford University from the 1970s to 1990s was groundbreaking and led to better understanding of development and demise across the lifespan as well as the basis of metabolic disruption responsible for the development of obesity, diabetes and many other conditions. In the present review we describe some of the original work of Eric Newsholme, its relevance to metabolic homoeostasis and disease and application to present state-of-the-art studies, which generate substantial amounts of data that are extremely difficult to interpret without a fundamental understanding of regulatory principles. Eric's work is a classical example of how one can unravel very complex problems by considering regulation from a cell, tissue and whole body perspective, thus bringing together metabolic biochemistry, physiology and pathophysiology, opening new avenues that now drive discovery decades thereafter. © 2016 The Author(s). published by Portland Press Limited on behalf of the Biochemical Society.

  19. Healthcare reform for imagers: finding a way forward now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Douglas, Pamela S; Picard, Michael H

    2013-03-01

    The changing healthcare environment presents many challenges to cardiovascular imagers. This perspective paper uses current trends to propose strategies that cardiovascular imagers can follow to lead in managing change and developing the imaging laboratory of the future. In the area of quality, imagers are encouraged to follow guidelines and standards, implement structured reporting and laboratory databases, adopt ongoing quality improvement programs, and use benchmarks to confirm imaging quality. In the area of access, imagers are encouraged to enhance availability of testing, focus on patient and referring physician value and satisfaction, collaboratively implement new technologies and uses of imaging, integrate health information technology in the laboratory, and work toward the appropriate inclusion of imaging in new healthcare delivery models. In the area of cost, imagers are encouraged to minimize laboratory operating expenses without compromising quality, and to take an active role in care redesign initiatives to ensure that imaging is utilized appropriately and at proper time intervals. Imagers are also encouraged to learn leadership and management skills, undertake strategic planning exercises, and build strong, collaborative teams. Although it is difficult to predict the future of cardiovascular imaging delivery, a reasonable sense of the likely direction of many changes and careful attention to the fundamentals of good health care (quality, access, and cost) can help imagers to thrive now and in the future. Copyright © 2013 American College of Cardiology Foundation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  20. SeisComP 3 - Where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saul, Joachim; Becker, Jan; Hanka, Winfried; Heinloo, Andres; Weber, Bernd

    2010-05-01

    The seismological software SeisComP has evolved within the last approximately 10 years from a pure acquisition modules to a fully featured real-time earthquake monitoring software. The now very popular SeedLink protocol for seismic data transmission has been the core of SeisComP from the very beginning. Later additions included simple, purely automatic event detection, location and magnitude determination capabilities. Especially within the development of the 3rd-generation SeisComP, also known as "SeisComP 3", automatic processing capabilities have been augmented by graphical user interfaces for vizualization, rapid event review and quality control. Communication between the modules is achieved using a a TCP/IP infrastructure that allows distributed computing and remote review. For seismological metadata exchange export/import to/from QuakeML is avalable, which also provides a convenient interface with 3rd-party software. SeisComP is the primary seismological processing software at the GFZ Potsdam. It has also been in use for years in numerous seismic networks in Europe and, more recently, has been adopted as primary monitoring software by several tsunami warning centers around the Indian Ocean. In our presentation we describe the current status of development as well as future plans. We illustrate its possibilities by discussing different use cases for global and regional real-time earthquake monitoring and tsunami warning.

  1. Adjuvant treatment for high risk melanoma. Where are we now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anand Sharma

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The survival rate for stage 3 and 4 melanoma is very poor. In the absence of effective treatments for metastatic disease focus has shifted to the adjuvant setting. While we are now able to identify those who are at high risk of recurrence the role of adjuvant systemic treatment in these individuals is still undefined. This is partly due to the lack of effective treatments, despite the advances in the understanding of the biology of melanoma and the natural history of the disease process. Of the various treatments studied in the adjuvant setting only interferons and vaccines have been shown to affect the clinical outcome but no agent has been accepted as a standard, with differences in practice between the US and Europe. In this review article we will report what is known at this time about the different agents studied in the adjuvant setting and refer to some new areas of research that may play a bigger role in the future management of melanoma.

  2. Precision cancer medicine: the future is now, only better.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsimberidou, Apostolia M; Eggermont, Alexander M M; Schilsky, Richard L

    2014-01-01

    The promise of precision medicine for cancer is already being realized with the recent introduction of many targeted therapies, some with companion diagnostic tests that identify patients most likely to benefit from treatment. The utility of molecular profiling of cancer to identify actionable aberrations has been suggested by several small clinical trials conducted in patients with advanced cancer and by many anecdotes but is yet to be proven in well-designed, prospective, randomized trials. Several trials that will definitively test this strategy are now underway or soon to be launched. Melanoma, a disease once largely untreatable when metastatic, may be a paradigm for understanding how the molecular drivers of a disease can lead to highly effective targeted therapies, as well as for realizing the enormous therapeutic potential of unleashing the immune system against cancer to produce long-term disease control. Looking to the future, advanced omics technologies and computational techniques will enable assessment of not only genomic variants, as performed today, but also of pathway and network aberrations that will greatly facilitate selection of drug combinations likely to benefit specific patients. As our deepening understanding of tumor biology converges with rapid advances in measurement science and technology and computational analysis, we have an enormous opportunity to create a future for precision medicine in oncology that provides for highly specific, minimally toxic, and dramatically effective treatment for each patient.

  3. Now playing in a browser near you: TEDxCERN

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2013-01-01

    Earlier this month, CERN played host to one of the hottest, hippest and most educational parties around: TEDx. The event brought together thousands of viewers, speakers and participants from around the world.   The TEDxCERN event was the hottest ticket in town – and those who couldn’t make the event in person turned up online! More than 1,000 TEDxCERN fans watched the event via simulcast at viewing parties held in 27 institutions, but dominating the audience were the 10,870 unique viewers who tuned in to the live webcast, along with over 300 people who joined the webcast from CERN and another 300 watching it live from the Globe of Science and Innovation at CERN. But if you missed the excitement, never fear. Videos of the talks, as well as the clips presented during the talks themselves, are now available online. Just head to the TEDxCERN homepage and catch up! Watch as researcher Maya Tolstoy discusses seafloor earthquakes, Google Science Fair winner Brittany Wengler ...

  4. CMS Create #2 | 3-4 October | Register now!

    CERN Document Server

    2016-01-01

    CMS Create brings together CERN members and students from IPAC Design Genève (see here). The goal is to build a prototype exhibit illustrating what CMS does and how it does it. The exhibit will introduce the world of a particle physics detector to the general public, and to younger visitors in particular.    CMS Create, hosted by IdeaSquare, was first held in November 2015. There were 4 highly diverse teams made of participants from many educational backgrounds and from 15 nationalities. 36% of these were women; a figure we hope will grow this year. The 25 participants were CMS physicists, computer scientists, engineers, other CMS collaborators and IPAC students. The 2015 winning exhibit is now permanently installed in the visitor reception centre at CMS Point 5, which was visited by 20.600 visitors during 2015. Are you creative and motivated to share your ideas?  Take part in CMS Create #2, meet with scientists and designers from all over the world and explain to CER...

  5. Institutional open access funds: now is the time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eckman, Charles D; Weil, Beth T

    2010-05-25

    To date, the Berkeley OA fund has ensured that 43 articles are free to be read immediately upon publication and 44 additional articles are now in the pipeline. The full scope of OA publishing during this period was significantly larger, at least by a factor of four. The OA fund allocation will continue to be carefully managed over the coming years. We are tracking our potential liability assuming the OA landscape grows with additional publishers and OA options. The amount predicted as necessary to maintain the fund based on the initial 18-month uptake data is US$45,000. This is less than 1% of the US$6.2 million the library invests in subscribing to closed-access digital journals. We are paying attention in particular to the attempts by the California Digital Library, which negotiates major journal publisher licenses on behalf of the UC campuses, to include terms within the licenses that enable UC authors to take advantage of publishers'hybrid OA options [16]. And it comes with far less of the myriad overhead costs associated with those closed-access subscriptions because that subscription price doesn't tell the full story of the actual cost of maintaining the subscription. Those subscriptions involve staff-intensive license negotiations. Institutions develop and maintain systems architectures in order to ensure that only authorized users have access and respond to challenges from publishers of the content when actual or potential breaches of the licenses are identified (publishers invest hugely in monitoring use of their content in order to ensure the license terms are not breached and are quite willing to contact the institutional subscriber when any untoward activity appears on their logs). They must, in certain instances, maintain the confidentiality of certain clauses in the licenses and increasingly respond to freedom of information, public records act requests related to the investments of public resources in those contracts. The need to experiment is

  6. UID....Now That's Gonna Leave A Mark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schramm, Harry F., Jr.

    2008-01-01

    Since 1975 bar codes on products at the retail counter have been accepted as the standard for entering product identity for price determination. Since the beginning of the 21 st century, the Data Matrix symbol has become accepted as the bar code format that is marked directly on a part, assembly or product that is durable enough to identify that item for its lifetime. NASA began the studies for direct part marking Data Matrix symbols on parts during the Return to Flight activities after the Challenger Accident. Over the 20 year period that has elapsed since Challenger, a mountain of studies, analyses and focused problem solutions developed by and for NASA have brought about world changing results. NASA Technical Standard 6002 and NASA Handbook 6003 for Direct Part Marking Data Matrix Symbols on Aerospace Parts have formed the basis for most other standards on part marking internationally. NASA and its commercial partners have developed numerous products and methods that addressed the difficulties of collecting part identification in aerospace operations. These products enabled the marking of Data Matrix symbols in virtually every situation and the reading of symbols at great distances, severe angles, under paint and in the dark without a light. Even unmarkable delicate parts now have a process to apply a chemical mixture, recently trademarked as Nanocodes, that can be converted to Data Matrix information through software. The accompanying intellectual property is protected by ten patents, several of which are licensed. Direct marking Data Matrix on NASA parts dramatically decreases data entry errors and the number of parts that go through their life cycle unmarked, two major threats to sound configuration management and flight safety. NASA is said to only have people and stuff with information connecting them. Data Matrix is one of the most significant improvements since Challenger to the safety and reliability of that connection.

  7. Why MDMA therapy for alcohol use disorder? And why now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sessa, Ben

    2017-11-07

    Alcohol use disorder represents a serious clinical, social and personal burden on its sufferers and a significant financial strain on society. Current treatments, both psychological and pharmacological are poor, with high rates of relapse after medical detoxification and dedicated treatment programs. The earliest historical roots of psychedelic drug-assisted psychotherapy in the 1950s were associated with Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD)-assisted psychotherapy to treat what was then called, alcoholism. But results were varied and psychedelic therapy with LSD and other 'classical' psychedelics fell out of favour in the wake of socio-political pressures and cultural changes. A current revisiting of psychedelic clinical research is now targeting substance use disorders - and particularly alcohol use disorder - again. 3,4-Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)-assisted psychotherapy has never been formally explored as a treatment for any form of substance use disorder. But in recent years MDMA has risen in prominence as an agent to treat posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). With its unique receptor profile and a relatively well-tolerated subjective experience of drug effects when used clinically, MDMA Therapy is ideally suited to allow a patient to explore and address painful memories without being overwhelmed by negative affect. Given that alcohol use disorder is so often associated with early traumatic experiences, the author is proposing in a current on-going UK-based study that patients with alcohol use disorder who have undergone a medical detoxification from alcohol might benefit from a course of MDMA-assisted psychotherapy. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest – nowe perspektywy badawcze

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Czarkowska

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest – new research perspectivesThe goal of this paper is to present the vast array of content that is emerging within social media platforms: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest and analyze the ways in which they can be classified. This is a review of the available interdisciplinary methods and factors that should be taken into consideration when researching the genelogy of the texts that arise in the network. The Internet has changed the face of social communication. It has highlighted processes that were much less visible before. The challenge for researchers is to analyze the enormous amount of content and incorporate it into a classification system. Above all, statements made on social media platforms, such as Facebook, Twitter, Instagram and Pinterest, require analysis. Previous attempts to systematize them did not correspond to the reality of the network. Research on the Internet genres and communication forms requires the use of relevant analytical tools and interdisciplinary approaches.   Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, Pinterest – nowe perspektywy badawczeCelem publikacji jest zaprezentowanie ogromnej liczby różnorodnych treści, które powstają w ramach platform społecznościowych: Facebook, Twitter, Instagram i Pinterest, oraz analiza dostępnych sposobów ich klasyfikacji. Chodzi zatem o przegląd dostępnych interdyscyplinarnych metod i czynników, które warto brać pod uwagę przy badaniach genologicznych tekstów, które powstają w sieci. Internet zmienił oblicze społecznej komunikacji. Uwypuklił procesy, które do tej pory nie były tak widoczne. Wyzwaniem dla badaczy jest analiza ogromnej ilości treści i ujęcie ich w system klasyfikacji. Analizy wymagają przede wszystkim komunikaty powstające w ramach mediów społecznościowych, takich jak Facebook, Twitter, Instagram i Pinterest. Dotychczasowe próby systematyzacji nie odpowiadały realiom sieci. Badania form

  9. Mainstream web standards now support science data too

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richard, S. M.; Cox, S. J. D.; Janowicz, K.; Fox, P. A.

    2017-12-01

    The science community has developed many models and ontologies for representation of scientific data and knowledge. In some cases these have been built as part of coordinated frameworks. For example, the biomedical communities OBO Foundry federates applications covering various aspects of life sciences, which are united through reference to a common foundational ontology (BFO). The SWEET ontology, originally developed at NASA and now governed through ESIP, is a single large unified ontology for earth and environmental sciences. On a smaller scale, GeoSciML provides a UML and corresponding XML representation of geological mapping and observation data. Some of the key concepts related to scientific data and observations have recently been incorporated into domain-neutral mainstream ontologies developed by the World Wide Web consortium through their Spatial Data on the Web working group (SDWWG). OWL-Time has been enhanced to support temporal reference systems needed for science, and has been deployed in a linked data representation of the International Chronostratigraphic Chart. The Semantic Sensor Network ontology has been extended to cover samples and sampling, including relationships between samples. Gridded data and time-series is supported by applications of the statistical data-cube ontology (QB) for earth observations (the EO-QB profile) and spatio-temporal data (QB4ST). These standard ontologies and encodings can be used directly for science data, or can provide a bridge to specialized domain ontologies. There are a number of advantages in alignment with the W3C standards. The W3C vocabularies use discipline-neutral language and thus support cross-disciplinary applications directly without complex mappings. The W3C vocabularies are already aligned with the core ontologies that are the building blocks of the semantic web. The W3C vocabularies are each tightly scoped thus encouraging good practices in the combination of complementary small ontologies. The W3C

  10. Where are we now in the sexual revolution?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Selverstone, R

    1989-03-01

    Selverstone concludes the there really has been a sexual revolution. An enormous sociocultural change has taken place during the lives of parents of schoolchildren. Parents say they feel that there is an increased openness about sexuality today and greater access to accurate information. They also indicate that they are able to have more open conversations with their children than they were able to have with their parents, and that their children seem to have more opposite sex friendships. However, they also are apprehensive about the acceleration of their children's sexual involvement and observe that the sexual double standard still prevails. Other important changes include the following. 1) There is a continuing acceleration in the number of young people who are beginning to have sexual intercourse. Orr et al reported that in a blue-collar, urban, junior high school in Indianapolis, Indiana, 46% of the 14-year-old girls and 74% of the 14-year-old boys had already had intercourse. In the Kinsey sample, only 28% of 14-year-old boys had intercourse. 2) Discussion of sexually transmitted disease is frank and open. 3) 2/3 of American Catholics use birth control. 4) Between 1970 and 1985, births to unwed mothers increased 50%; today, 1 in 5 births in the US is to an unwed mother. 5) Abortion, a clandestine subject in yesteryear, is now one of the most critical and divisive of political issues. 6) People are waiting longer to get married. Between 1970 and 1984, the median age for marriage rose 2 1/2 years, and since 1956, 3 years. 7) Currently, 72% of all women aged 25-34 work, and both spouses work in 56% of all families. However, economic and job discrimination against women is still the rule rather than the exception. 8) There has been a movement toward a less male-dominated heterosexual approach to religion, also. 9) This is perhaps the 1st generation that has begun to comprehend that perhaps 4-7% of the population will be exclusively or predominantly homosexual

  11. We have "born digital" - now what about "born semantic"?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leadbetter, Adam; Fredericks, Janet

    2014-05-01

    The phrase "born-digital" refers to those materials which originate in a digital form. In Earth and Space Sciences, this is now very much the norm for data: analogue to digital converters sit on instrument boards and produce a digital record of the observed environment. While much effort has been put in to creating and curating these digital data, there has been little work on using semantic mark up of data from the point of collection - what we term 'born semantic'. In this presentation we report on two efforts to expand this area: Qartod-to-OGC (Q2O) and SenseOCEAN. These projects have taken a common approach to 'born semantic': create or reuse appropriate controlled vocabularies, published to World Wide Web Commission (W3C) standards use standards from the Open Geospatial Consortium's Sensor Web Enablement (SWE) initiative to describe instrument setup, deployment and/or outputs using terms from those controlled vocabularies embed URLs from the controlled vocabularies within the SWE documents in a "Linked Data" conformant approach Q2O developed best practices examples of SensorML descriptions of Original Equipment Manufacturers' metadata (model characteristics, capabilities, manufacturer contact, etc ...) set-up and deployment SensorML files; and data centre process-lineage using registered vocabularies to describe terms (including input, output, processes, parameters, quality control flags) One Q2O use case, the Martha's Vineyard Coastal Observatory ADCP Waves instance, uses SensorML and registered vocabularies to fully describe the process of computing wave parameters from sensed properties, including quality control tests and associated results. The European Commission Framework Programme 7 project SenseOCEAN draws together world leading marine sensor developers to create a highly integrated multifunction and cost-effective in situ marine biogeochemical sensor system. This project will provide a quantum leap in the ability to measure crucial biogeochemical

  12. Urbanization and tropical health--then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Utzinger, J; Keiser, J

    2006-01-01

    Since the launch of the Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology 100 years ago, the percentage of the world's population living in urban settings has more than tripled and is now approaching 50%. Urbanization will continue at a high pace, particularly in the less developed regions of Africa and Asia. The profound demographic, ecological and socio-economic transformations that accompany the process of urbanization have important impacts on health and well-being. In industrialized countries, urbanization led to the so-called 'epidemiological transition', from acute infectious and deficiency diseases to chronic non-communicable diseases, many decades ago. In the developing world, surprisingly little research has been carried out on the health-related aspects of urbanization. In a temporal analysis of publications in the Annals of Tropical Medicine and Parasitology, for example, in which the first volume in every decade from 1907 was examined, only 16 (2.6%) of the 604 articles investigated focused on epidemiological and/or public-health issues in urban tropical settings. This review begins with the question 'what is urban?' and then provides a summary of the trends seen in urbanization, and its impacts on human health, over the past century, on both a global and regional scale. For the main tropical diseases, estimates of the at-risk populations and the numbers of cases are updated and then split into urban and non-urban categories. The inhabitants of urban slums are particularly vulnerable to many of these diseases and require special attention if internationally-set targets for development are to be met. Heterogeneity, a major feature of urban settings in the tropics that complicates all efforts at health improvement, is demonstrated in an exploration of a densely populated municipality of a large West African town. Urban planners, public-health experts and other relevant stakeholders clearly need to make much more progress in alleviating poverty and enhancing

  13. Developing ambient almond orchard volatile mixtures for navel orangeworm (NOW) monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    The navel orangeworm (NOW) continues to be a major insect pest of California tree nuts. There is twofold interest in controlling NOW, namely its direct damage to tree nuts and the associated contamination with toxin-producing fungi resulting from NOW feeding damage. Current efforts to monitor NOW ut...

  14. Enhanced Geothermal Systems (EGS) - Where Are We Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wyborn, D.

    2011-12-01

    reservoir was oriented horizontally. It is with these understandings that the Geodynamics field program commenced near Innamincka in 2002 where high temperature granite basement had been intersected at 3.6 km depth by petroleum exploration wells. Gravity and heat flow models indicated the basement granite to be 10 km thick and that most of the heat flow (> 100 mW/m2) was derived from elevated thorium and uranium levels in the granite. The stress environment was thought to be overthrust, but this was not certain.The results of the Geodynamics field program consists of drilling 5 wells to the granite, stimulation in three of those wells, flow testing in two of those wells and circulation between two of those wells. There are now four main barriers to economic deployment of EGS throughout the world for electricity generation. One is the cost of drilling and new technologies need to be developed to increase drilling ROP in high strength rocks. The other three relate to reservoir development and increased flow rate. These are (i) new geophysical tools to locate large fractures remotely (ii) deployment of temporary fracture sealing agents to allow enhancement in more than one fracture, and (iii) decreased flow impedance in a given fracture at the production well. New projects at different locations around the world are required to test ways of overcoming these barriers.

  15. A Better Time Now to Consider New Reactors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agnihotri, Newal K.

    2004-01-01

    . Despite the challenges facing new plant development, his view is that there is not a better time than now to consider new reactors. The first, most strategic way for the government to ensure new nuclear construction is to establish a national energy platform that recognizes the contribution of nuclear power. Actions are needed too in the reactor design and regulatory process. The best-suited technology is the advanced light water reactor designs. In particular, the Westinghouse AP1000 and the General Electric ESBSW look to be the most promising. Nuclear plants can also help comply with the Kyoto protocol. It is estimated that in 2002, the 103 nuclear units in the U.S. prevented 189.5 million metric tons of carbon, 2.28 million short tons of sulfur dioxide, and 1.39 million short tons of nitrogen oxides. Additional plants only serve to increase these amounts, but all energy sources must strive toward efficiencies to ensure diversification. Future staffing issues are also a critical element for new and existing plants. Not only are nuclear engineers essential, many other skill sets are required to operate and maintain facilities. It is important that we encourage young people to study math and science and it is important that they understand the wide variety of career opportunities available within the nuclear power industry. The interview ends with comments regarding Exelon's pursuit of an early site permit (ESP)

  16. ESA is now a major player in global space science

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    longer than ISO's. Planck Surveyor was recently selected as a medium-scale project, to chart the cosmic microwave background carefully enough to trace the origin of the galaxies. ESA is now examining the option of combining these two missions in a single spacecraft, for launching in 2005. Prominent among other enticing possibilities is Mars Express, a high-level, low-cost mission that could set off for the Red Planet in 2003. It would give Europe an important stake in the exploration of Mars, by remote sensing from an orbiter and by experiments in landers. The latter can exploit ESA=s experience in preparing for the Huygens mission to Titan. Some of the Mars experiments should be readily adaptable from instruments prepared for other missions. -4- ESA is also considering SMART missions, using small satellites to test key technologies. Solar-electric propulsion, long seen as a much-needed advance in spacecraft engines, could take a small spacecraft to the Moon and then onwards to an asteroid. A second candidate for a SMART mission would develop Adrag free@ technologies for testing Einstein=s theory of gravity. Other possibilities under review include participation in a replacement for the Hubble Space Telescope, and opportunities for science associated with the International Space Station. In addition, three major projects have been selected by Europe=s space scientists as long-term goals. A spacecraft to orbit the hot planet Mercury, barely explored till now, will shed new light on the history of the Solar System. An astronomical interferometric mission using two or more telescopes in combination will observe the stars and galaxies more accurately by visible or infrared light. And a novel kind of astronomy is promised by an ambitious gravitational-wave mission to detect radiation predicted by Einstein's theory of gravity, which supposedly stretches and squeezes space itself. In short, ESA is delivering superb space science and, if future funding allows, has exciting ideas

  17. Whither now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C.A.E. GOODHART

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The author is one of the UK's eminent monetary economists and a member of the UK's Monetary Policy Committee. After summarising his early academic career, he discusses his time at the Bank of England and the formation of UK monetary policy. This leads on to a survey of his later experiences in returning to academia and his analysis of foreign exchange markets and central bank autonomy. The movements of foreign exchange markets have been thought to react upon the arrival of news concerning changes in monetary policy. However, close examination of the US forex market does not show any significant fluctuations in reaction to particular news disclosures. Economic news with pre-announced release dates have been proven to produce jumps in volatility within minutes of disclosure. The use of high frequency data at given intervals has been shown to produce price spikes and subsidence after a few minutes.

  18. "Now Art Now Future" Leedus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Seitse näitust Baltimaade graafikast Vilniuses, Kaunases ja Klaipedas. Eestist osalesid P. Allik, I. Heamägi, L. Jõekalda, A. Kalm, M. Nukke, L. Ruben, M.-K. Ulas, S. Tamsalu, A. Vahtrapuu, K. Valk. Eesti kuraatorid M.-K. Ulas ja V. Thurlow

  19. 47 CFR 73.4097 - EBS (now EAS) attention signals on automated programing systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 47 Telecommunication 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false EBS (now EAS) attention signals on automated programing systems. 73.4097 Section 73.4097 Telecommunication FEDERAL COMMUNICATIONS COMMISSION (CONTINUED... (now EAS) attention signals on automated programing systems. See Public Notice dated March 1, 1979. 72...

  20. Enabling Mobile Air Quality App Development with an AirNow API

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dye, T.; White, J. E.; Ludewig, S. A.; Dickerson, P.; Healy, A. N.; West, J. W.; Prince, L. A.

    2013-12-01

    The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) AirNow program works with over 130 participating state, local, and federal air quality agencies to obtain, quality control, and store real-time air quality observations and forecasts. From these data, the AirNow system generates thousands of maps and products each hour. Each day, information from AirNow is published online and in other media to assist the public in making health-based decisions related to air quality. However, an increasing number of people use mobile devices as their primary tool for obtaining information, and AirNow has responded to this trend by publishing an easy-to-use Web API that is useful for mobile app developers. This presentation will describe the various features of the AirNow application programming interface (API), including Representational State Transfer (REST)-type web services, file outputs, and RSS feeds. In addition, a web portal for the AirNow API will be shown, including documentation on use of the system, a query tool for configuring and running web services, and general information about the air quality data and forecasts available. Data published via the AirNow API includes corresponding Air Quality Index (AQI) levels for each pollutant. We will highlight examples of mobile apps that are using the AirNow API to provide location-based, real-time air quality information. Examples will include mobile apps developed for Minnesota ('Minnesota Air') and Washington, D.C. ('Clean Air Partners Air Quality'), and an app developed by EPA ('EPA AirNow').

  1. Artists and now also activists to contrast global warming (Italian original version

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandra Drioli

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Artists create new aesthetics to communicate new messages and new concerns. Apprehension about the climate, its changes, global warming and a disposition to anxiously running after an ideal sustainable development are part of the issues we all now experience with a certain degree of anxiety. This is why the sensitive antennae of artists have perceived and evolved that. Now they are committed on many fields to making their voice be heard and to raising ethical and social issues, also regarding the scientific instruments man possesses to manipulate nature. So they have now accessed the group of special interlocutors in the dialogue between science and society.

  2. Short-lived Now-extinct Nuclides Present in the Early Solar System

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Short-lived Now-extinct Nuclides Present in the Early Solar System. Radio- Half-life Daughter Reference Initial Ratio Nuclide (Ma) Nuclide Nuclide [w.r.t. Ref.

  3. Budgetary and Programming Obstacles to Army Transformation: A Challenge for Now and the Future

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Teribury, Michael J

    2005-01-01

    .... There is a new administration in office since this transformation began. The Army is now over five years into this transformation, and has a new Chief of Staff and Acting Secretary of the Army leading the process...

  4. CDC Vital Signs: Making Health Care Safer -- Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Making Health Care Safer Stop Infections from Lethal CRE Germs Now Recommend on Facebook Tweet Share Compartir ... hospitals had at least one patient with a CRE (carbapenem-resistant Enterobacteriaceae) infection during the first half ...

  5. Special Section: New Ways to Detect Colon Cancer 3-D virtual screening now being used

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Special Section: Colorectal Cancer New Ways to Detect Colon Cancer 3-D virtual screening now being used Past ... and techniques for 3-D virtual colonoscopy for colon cancer screening. "Things click in the life of an ...

  6. Migration of the CERN IT Data Centre Support System to ServiceNow

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alvarez Alonso, R.; Arneodo, G.; Barring, O.; Bonfillou, E.; Coelho dos Santos, M.; Dore, V.; Lefebure, V.; Fedorko, I.; Grossir, A.; Hefferman, J.; Mendez Lorenzo, P.; Moller, M.; Pera Mira, O.; Salter, W.; Trevisani, F.; Toteva, Z.

    2014-06-01

    The large potential and flexibility of the ServiceNow infrastructure based on "best practises" methods is allowing the migration of some of the ticketing systems traditionally used for the monitoring of the servers and services available at the CERN IT Computer Centre. This migration enables the standardization and globalization of the ticketing and control systems implementing a generic system extensible to other departments and users. One of the activities of the Service Management project together with the Computing Facilities group has been the migration of the ITCM structure based on Remedy to ServiceNow within the context of one of the ITIL processes called Event Management. The experience gained during the first months of operation has been instrumental towards the migration to ServiceNow of other service monitoring systems and databases. The usage of this structure is also extended to the service tracking at the Wigner Centre in Budapest.

  7. Migration of the CERN IT data centre support system to ServiceNow

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Alvarez Alonso, R; Arneodo, G; Barring, O

    2014-01-01

    The large potential and flexibility of the ServiceNow infrastructure based on 'best practises' methods is allowing the migration of some of the ticketing systems traditionally used for the monitoring of the servers and services available at the CERN IT Computer Centre. This migration enables the standardization and globalization of the ticketing and control systems implementing a generic system extensible to other departments and users. One of the activities of the Service Management project together with the Computing Facilities group has been the migration of the ITCM structure based on Remedy to ServiceNow within the context of one of the ITIL processes called Event Management. The experience gained during the first months of operation has been instrumental towards the migration to ServiceNow of other service monitoring systems and databases. The usage of this structure is also extended to the service tracking at the Wigner Centre in Budapest.

  8. Recruiting Practices for Change Initiatives Is Hard: Findings From EvidenceNOW.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sweeney, Shannon M; Hall, Jennifer D; Ono, Sarah S; Gordon, Leah; Cameron, David; Hemler, Jennifer; Solberg, Leif I; Crabtree, Benjamin F; Cohen, Deborah J

    2017-09-01

    Engaging primary care practices in initiatives designed to enhance quality, reduce costs, and promote safety is challenging as practices are already participating in numerous projects and mandated programs designed to improve care delivery and quality. Recruiters must expand their recruitment tools to engage today's practices in quality improvement. Using grant proposals, online diaries, observational site visits, and interviews with key stakeholders, the authors identify successful practice recruitment strategies in the EvidenceNOW initiative, which aimed to recruit approximately 1500 small- to medium-sized primary care practices. Recruiters learned they needed to articulate how participation in EvidenceNOW aligned with other initiatives and could help practices succeed with federal and state initiatives, recognition programs, and existing or future payment requirements. Recruiters, initiative leaders, and funders must now consider how their efforts align with ongoing initiatives to successfully recruit and engage practices, ease practice burden, and encourage participation in efforts that support practice transformation.

  9. Social Media and Pathology: Where Are We Now and Why Does it Matter?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Isom, James; Walsh, Meggen; Gardner, Jerad M

    2017-09-01

    Social media has exploded in popularity in recent years. It is a powerful new tool for networking, collaborating, and for the communication and evolution of ideas. It has been increasingly used for business purposes and is now being embraced by physicians including pathologists. Pathology professional organizations and even peer-reviewed pathology journals are now beginning to use social media, as well. There are multiple social media platforms, including Twitter, Facebook, Instagram, LinkedIn, and others. Each platform has different audiences and different ways to share content and interact with other users. This paper discusses the different social media platforms and how they are being used in pathology currently.

  10. Structure of the green fluorescent protein NowGFP with an anionic tryptophan-based chromophore.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pletnev, Vladimir Z; Pletneva, Nadya V; Sarkisyan, Karen S; Mishin, Alexander S; Lukyanov, Konstantin A; Goryacheva, Ekaterina A; Ziganshin, Rustam H; Dauter, Zbigniew; Pletnev, Sergei

    2015-08-01

    A green-emitting fluorescent variant, NowGFP, with a tryptophan-based chromophore (Thr65-Trp66-Gly67) was recently developed from the cyan mCerulean by introducing 18 point mutations. NowGFP is characterized by bright green fluorescence at physiological and higher pH and by weak cyan fluorescence at low pH. Illumination with blue light induces irreversible photoconversion of NowGFP from a green-emitting to a cyan-emitting form. Here, the X-ray structures of intact NowGFP at pH 9.0 and pH 4.8 and of its photoconverted variant, NowGFP_conv, are reported at 1.35, 1.18 and 2.5 Å resolution, respectively. The structure of NowGFP at pH 9.0 suggests the anionic state of Trp66 of the chromophore to be the primary cause of its green fluorescence. At both examined pH values Trp66 predominantly adopted a cis conformation; only ∼ 20% of the trans conformation was observed at pH 4.8. It was shown that Lys61, which adopts two distinct pH-dependent conformations, is a key residue playing a central role in chromophore ionization. At high pH the side chain of Lys61 forms two hydrogen bonds, one to the indole N atom of Trp66 and the other to the carboxyl group of the catalytic Glu222, enabling an indirect noncovalent connection between them that in turn promotes Trp66 deprotonation. At low pH, the side chain of Lys61 is directed away from Trp66 and forms a hydrogen bond to Gln207. It has been shown that photoconversion of NowGFP is accompanied by decomposition of Lys61, with a predominant cleavage of its side chain at the C(γ)-C(δ) bond. Lys61, Glu222, Thr203 and Ser205 form a local hydrogen-bond network connected to the indole ring of the chromophore Trp66; mutation of any of these residues dramatically affects the spectral properties of NowGFP. On the other hand, an Ala150Val replacement in the vicinity of the chromophore indole ring resulted in a new advanced variant with a 2.5-fold improved photostability.

  11. An Analysis Of Direct And Indirect Speech Acts In “Now Is Our Time”

    OpenAIRE

    Imelda Fb, Ayu

    2015-01-01

    This thesis entitled “An Analysis of Direct and Indirect Speech Acts in ‘Now is Our Time” is a linguistic analysis that discusses about direct and indirect speech acts in interview transcript entitled ‘Now is Our Time.’ The interview transcript is a result of an interview of Sheryl Sandberg, Facebook’s COO (Chief Operating Officer) with one of famous magazines, Harvard Business Review (HBR) magazine. The interview transcript was edited by Adi Ignatius dan was published on April 2013. In analy...

  12. "Pay Now, Argue Later" Rule – Before and After the Tax ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to ensure effective and prompt collection of taxes, the payment of tax is not suspended pending an objection or an appeal, unless directed otherwise. This is also known as the "pay now, argue later" rule, and, for value-added tax purposes, is provided for in terms of section 36 of the Value-Added Tax Act 89 of 1991.

  13. Effects of Reflection Type in the Here and Now Mobile Learning Environment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, Florence; Ertzberger, Jeffrey

    2016-01-01

    Here and now mobile learning has the capability to engage learners anytime and anywhere and situate them in their learning context. Mobile devices provide opportunity for learners to participate in reflective activities with experts, peers or self while being situated in the learning context such as being in a museum or gallery and using mobile…

  14. Mining Company Involved in Environmental Disaster Now Advises Sustainability Institute at University of Michigan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blumenstyk, Goldie

    2007-01-01

    In the 1990s, the giant mining company now known as BHP Billiton drew worldwide condemnation for the environmental damage caused by its copper and gold mine in Papua, New Guinea. Its mining practices destroyed the way of life of thousands of farming and fishing families who lived along and subsisted on the rivers polluted by the mine, and it was…

  15. "Pay Now, Argue Later" Rule – Before and After the Tax ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The South African Revenue Service (SARS) is entrusted with the duty of collecting tax on behalf of the South African government. In order to ensure effective and prompt collection of taxes, the payment of tax is not suspended pending an objection or an appeal, unless directed otherwise. This is also known as the "pay now, ...

  16. Teaching History Then and Now: A Story of Stability and Change in Schools

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cuban, Larry

    2016-01-01

    In "Teaching History Then and Now," Larry Cuban explores the teaching of history in American high schools during the past half-century. Drawing on his early career experience as a high school history educator and his more recent work as a historian of US education policy and practice, Cuban examines how determined reformers have and have…

  17. An Exploratory Analysis of Factors Affecting Participation in Air Force Knowledge Now Communities of Practice

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fitzgerald, David

    2004-01-01

    ... (AFMC) has been working to implement the use of communities of practice. A primary goal of AFMC/DRW , the AF Knowledge Now program office, and the office of the AFCIO is to increase effectiveness and participation within communities of practice...

  18. The LINX (R) reflux management system: confirmed safety and efficacy now at 4 years

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lipham, John C.; DeMeester, Tom R.; Ganz, Robert A.; Bonavina, Luigi; Saino, Greta; Dunn, Daniel H.; Fockens, Paul; Bemelman, Willem

    2012-01-01

    Sphincter augmentation with the LINXA (R) Reflux Management System is a surgical option for patients with chronic gastroesophageal disease (GERD) and an inadequate response to proton pump inhibitors (PPIs). Clinical experience with sphincter augmentation is now available out to 4 years. In a

  19. Should we be worrying about a Brexit from the European Convention of Human Rights now, too?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zoethout, C.

    2017-01-01

    The Brexit from the EU is now a political fact with all its consequences. Far less media attention has been paid to British criticism of the European Convention of Human Rights, which may face a similar fate unless its Court is changed into an advisory institution. Should we be worrying about a

  20. Ivory Arches and Golden Towers: Why We're All Consumer Researchers Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wehner, Pat

    2001-01-01

    Considers how enterprising marketers quickly realized they had little to lose by supporting a goal of equal "representation." Suggests that if the goal is to have a genuine impact in playing the popular culture game, now might be a prudent moment to take an interest in the kinds of research emerging from business schools. (SG)

  1. Laying Tracks to Graduation: The First Year of Implementing Diplomas Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrin, William; Sepanik, Susan; Gray, Aracelis; Fernandez, Felix; Briggs, Ashley; Wang, Kathleen K.

    2014-01-01

    Too many students in high-poverty, urban communities drop out of high school, and too few graduate prepared for college and careers. Three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--have formed Diplomas Now in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so fewer students drop out and more…

  2. Moving down the Track: Changing School Practices during the Second Year of "Diplomas Now"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sepanik, Susan; Corrin, William; Roy, David; Gray, Aracelis; Fernandez, Felix; Briggs, Ashley; Wang, Kathleen K.

    2015-01-01

    Too many students in high-poverty, urban communities drop out of high school, and too few graduate prepared for college and careers. Three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--have formed "Diplomas Now" in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so fewer students drop out and…

  3. Love in the Time of Facebook: How Technology Now Shapes Romantic Attachments in College Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Michael C.

    2013-01-01

    College counseling clinicians need to understand how students use technology to form, sustain, and end romantic attachments. Students now frequently incorporate aspects of these technologically based interactions, or mediated communications, into counseling sessions and often make important attributions based on them. Heavy daily use of a growing…

  4. Happy birthday WWW: the web is now old enough to drive

    CERN Multimedia

    Gilbertson, Scott

    2007-01-01

    "The World Wide Web can now drive. Sixteen years ago yeterday, in a short post to the alt.hypertext newsgroup, tim Berners-Lee revealed the first public web pages summarizing his World Wide Web project." (1/4 page)

  5. Personal, Informal and Relatable: Engaging Wide Audiences in Climate Science with Nasa's Earth Right Now Blog

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tenenbaum, L. F.; Shaftel, H.; Jackson, R.

    2014-12-01

    There is no such thing as a non-scientist, but there are some who have yet to acknowledge their inner science spark. Aiming to ignite and fan the flame of curiosity, promote dialogue and attempt to make climate science personal and relevant to everyday life, NASA's Global Climate Change website http://climate.nasa.gov/ and Earth Right Now campaign http://www.nasa.gov/content/earth-right-now/ partnered together this year to launch the Earth Right Now blog http://climate.nasa.gov/blog. It quickly became one of the most popular blogs in all of NASA social media, receiving thousands of likes per week, and frequent comments as well as thoughtful and respectful discussions about climate change. Social media platforms such as blogs have become popular vehicles for engaging large swaths of the public in new exciting ways. NASA's Earth Right Now blog has become a powerful platform for engaging both scientists and the science-curious in constructive, fruitful conversations about the complex topic of climate science. We continue to interact and have ongoing dialogue with our readers by making the scientific content both accessible and engaging for diverse populations.

  6. New…Now?: Or Why a Design History of Coin-Op Video Game Machines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guins, Raiford

    2017-01-01

    The author asks what has occurred in game history scholarship to warrant the use of the adjective "new" in "New Video Game History" and suggests an awareness of process may now be influencing the study of games. In support of this observation, he organizes the article along two interrelated fronts. The first speaks to the…

  7. The Now Age, New Space, and Transforming the Exploration of Geospace

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paxton, L. J.

    2017-12-01

    In this talk I will discuss: 1) Changing our description of how and why we do Heliophysics (NASA) and Geospace Science (NSF) research 2) How we can take advantage of the New Space industry capabilities 3) How and why we can use the technology that has begun the transformation of our society into the "Now Age" I will discuss trends that I see that enable, if we have the will, a fundamental revitalization of the science that we aspire to do. I will focus on our opportunities to revolutionize the exploration of geospace (the region below about 1000km) and how that addresses fundamental questions about our place in the universe. Exploration of space, in particular exploration of geospace, is at a cusp - we can either attempt to continue to move forward using the same, tried and true techniques or we can embrace the "Now Age" and the capabilities enabled by the New Space industry to move forward to a fuller understanding of our world's place in the solar system. Heliophysics at NASA and Geospace Science at NSF can be recast as fundamental exploratory basic research that asks and answers questions that everyone can understand. We are in the Now Age because the human race has enabled and embraced a fundamentally different way of accessing information and, potentially gaining knowledge. For the first time, we have the capability to provide essentially all of recorded human knowledge immediately and to anyone - and people want that access "now". Even in the scientific community we expect to be able to see the latest data right now. This is enabled by the internet and ubiquitous connectivity; low cost data storage and memory; fast, low-cost computing; the means to visualize the information; advances in the way we store, catalog and retrieve information; and advances in modeling and simulation. Concomitant with the Now Age, and providing an impetus to do things "now", the New Space industry has enabled low cost access to space and has embraced a vision of human presence in

  8. The policy regarding cooperative sector in Cuba since 1959 until now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia María Caballero Reyes

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The policy regarding cooperative sector developed by the country since the triumph of Cuban revolution up to now has been focused on integral development. According to this point of view the goals are linked, combining the solutions of social, economic, environmental and cultural problems. This paper proposes a systematization of that policy focused on the different periods that it has gone through since 1959 until now. In each one has been arise a cooperative form, maintaining the previous forms: the Credit and Service Cooperatives (CCS, the Agricultural Production Cooperatives (CPA, the Basic Units of Agricultural Production (UBPC and the Non-Agricultural Cooperatives. This progresses has been accompanied whit other distinct features that tinge each period y and up t which attention is granted, like contextual factors and social consequences of the actions set up in each period.

  9. Revolution…Now The Future Arrives for Five Clean Energy Technologies – 2015 Update

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-11-01

    In 2013, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) released the Revolution Now report, highlighting four transformational technologies: land-based wind power, silicon photovoltaic (PV) solar modules, light-emitting diodes (LEDs), and electric vehicles (EVs). That study and its 2014 update showed how dramatic reductions in cost are driving a surge in consumer, industrial, and commercial adoption for these clean energy technologies—as well as yearly progress. In addition to presenting the continued progress made over the last year in these areas, this year’s update goes further. Two separate sections now cover large, central, utility-scale PV plants and smaller, rooftop, distributed PV systems to highlight how both have achieved significant deployment nationwide, and have done so through different innovations, such as easier access to capital for utility-scale PV and reductions of non-hardware costs and third-party ownership for distributed PV. Along with these core technologies

  10. Can You See Me Now Visualizing Battlefield Facial Recognition Technology in 2035

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    subjects was exercised. The study examined subjects who were wearing eyeglasses and sunglasses, making noticeable expressions, out of focus, and with...resources are diverted to enhance the protection of the facility. Time passes but the attack doesn’t materialize. A week later the same individual...trimming his hair and wearing eyeglasses . His headgear now covers the scar across his forehead. He provides a different name to the agents. Again

  11. Pangenesis as a source of new genetic information. The history of a now disproven theory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergman, Gerald

    2006-01-01

    Evolution is based on natural selection of existing biological phenotypic traits. Natural selection can only eliminate traits. It cannot create new ones, requiring a theory to explain the origin of new genetic information. The theory of pangenesis was a major attempt to explain the source of new genetic information required to produce phenotypic variety. This theory, advocated by Darwin as the main source of genetic variety, has now been empirically disproved. It is currently a theory mainly of interest to science historians.

  12. Evolving RNA Virus Pandemics: HIV, HCV, Ebola, Dengue, Chikunguya, and now Zika!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barreiro, Pablo

    2016-01-01

    The Zika virus (ZIKV), a flavivirus related to yellow fever, dengue, and West Nile, originated in the Zika forest in Uganda and was discovered in a rhesus monkey in 1947. The disease now has "explosive" pandemic potential, with outbreaks in Africa, Southeast Asia, the Pacific Islands, and the Americas. To date, the CDC has issued travel alerts for at least 30 countries and territories in Latin America, the Caribbean, Polynesia, and Cape Verde in Africa.

  13. Impact of national ABC promotion on 1-800-QUIT-NOW.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hurd, Ami L; Augustson, Erik M; Backinger, Cathy L; Deaton, Candace; Bright, Mary Anne

    2007-01-01

    ABC's World News Tonight (WNT) promotion of 800-QUIT-NOW allowed for a nationwide introduction of the QUIT-NOW number; this study examined the impact on call volume. Pre-postassessment. National health promotion campaign. U.S. population (smokers). Monthly call attempts to the quitline at national and state levels. During November 2005 ABC's WNT highlighted the National Network of Tobacco Cessation Quitlines' toll-free number, 800-QUIT-NOW, during the month-long series, "Quit to Live: Fighting Lung Cancer." We compared changes in call volume prepromotion, during promotion, and postpromotion by percent and regional differences, range, and average number of calls. Overall call volume in the United States (49 states and the District of Columbia) increased markedly in November; 37,049 calls compared with 16,145 in October. Although there was large variability across states, there was an average of 317 calls prepromotion, 726 calls during the promotion, and 397 calls postpromotion. The promotion highlighted the need for capacity building in terms of both sustained promotion and ability of quitlines to provide service as the number of calls increased, as well as the importance of coordinating efforts so adjustments to individual state quitlines can be made. The series served as the first national promotion and drew attention to the potential impact on the National Network of Tobacco Cessation Quitlines.

  14. Surgical simulation: where have we come from? Where are we now? Where are we going?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Munro, Malcolm G

    2012-01-01

    It is now clear to most stakeholders that acquisition of surgical psychomotor skills is best achieved outside of the clinical operating room, in the context of a simulated environment. Endoscopic simulation can be accomplished using simple "box" simulators or video trainers, and virtual reality simulation is now possible using microprocessor-controlled systems. Structured surgical training performed outside of the operating room environment is relatively new to health care, a circumstance different from the process of pilot training, in which simulation has been a mainstay for more than 75 years and in which virtual reality simulation is now the norm. Those charged with surgical education are faced with a dilemma as, while attempting to understand the basic goals of simulation, they are simultaneously faced with choice between relatively inexpensive video trainers and the often prohibitively expensive virtual reality systems. This article explores the history of simulation, reports the results of a modified systematic review of currently available systems and performance, and identifies the gaps in current research and development. It is apparent that available video trainers provide the opportunity for skill development that at present is not surpassed by virtual reality systems. In the future, there will likely be an increasing role for virtual reality; however, challenges remain that include determination of the appropriate metrics and system design, and the fiscal resources necessary for the required hardware and related software development. Copyright © 2012 AAGL. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  15. Evaluation of QuitNow Men: An Online, Men-Centered Smoking Cessation Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bottorff, Joan L; Oliffe, John L; Sarbit, Gayl; Sharp, Paul; Caperchione, Cristina M; Currie, Leanne M; Schmid, Jonathan; Mackay, Martha H; Stolp, Sean

    2016-04-20

    Men continue to smoke cigarettes in greater numbers than women. There is growing evidence for the value of developing targeted, men-centered health promotion programs. However, few smoking cessation interventions have been designed for men. A gender-specific website, QuitNow Men, was developed based on focus group interview findings, stakeholder feedback, and evidence-based cessation strategies. The website was designed to incorporate a masculine look and feel through the use of images, direct language, and interactive content. Usability experts and end-users provided feedback on navigation and functionality of the website prior to pilot testing. The objectives of the pilot study were to describe (1) men's use and evaluations of the interactive resources and information on the QuitNow Men website, and (2) the potential of QuitNow Men to engage men in reducing and quitting smoking. A one-group, pretest-posttest study design was used. Men who were interested in quitting were recruited and invited to use the website over a 6-month period. Data were collected via online questionnaires at baseline, 3-month, and 6-month follow-up. A total of 117 men completed the baseline survey. Over half of those (67/117, 57.3%) completed both follow-up surveys. At baseline, participants (N=117) had been smoking for an average of 24 years (SD 12.1) and smoked on average 15 cigarettes a day (SD 7.4). The majority had not previously used a quit smoking website (103/117, 88.0%) or websites focused on men's health (105/117, 89.7%). At the 6-month follow-up, the majority of men used the QuitNow Men website at least once (64/67, 96%). Among the 64 users, 29 (43%) reported using the website more than 6 times. The men using QuitNow Men agreed or strongly agreed that the website was easy to use (51/64, 80%), the design and images were appealing (42/64, 66%), they intended to continue to use the website (42/64, 66%), and that they would recommend QuitNow Men to others who wanted to quit (46

  16. Eimeria genomics: Where are we now and where are we going?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Damer P

    2015-08-15

    The evolution of sequencing technologies, from Sanger to next generation (NGS) and now the emerging third generation, has prompted a radical frameshift moving genomics from the specialist to the mainstream. For parasitology, genomics has moved fastest for the protozoa with sequence assemblies becoming available for multiple genera including Babesia, Cryptosporidium, Eimeria, Giardia, Leishmania, Neospora, Plasmodium, Theileria, Toxoplasma and Trypanosoma. Progress has commonly been slower for parasites of animals which lack zoonotic potential, but the deficit is now being redressed with impact likely in the areas of drug and vaccine development, molecular diagnostics and population biology. Genomics studies with the apicomplexan Eimeria species clearly illustrate the approaches and opportunities available. Specifically, more than ten years after initiation of a genome sequencing project a sequence assembly was published for Eimeria tenella in 2014, complemented by assemblies for all other Eimeria species which infect the chicken and Eimeria falciformis, a parasite of the mouse. Public access to these and other coccidian genome assemblies through resources such as GeneDB and ToxoDB now promotes comparative analysis, encouraging better use of shared resources and enhancing opportunities for development of novel diagnostic and control strategies. In the short term genomics resources support development of targeted and genome-wide genetic markers such as single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs), with whole genome re-sequencing becoming viable in the near future. Experimental power will develop rapidly as additional species, strains and isolates are sampled with particular emphasis on population structure and allelic diversity. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. The 2016 Arctic Winter Games: “Now we do what we do best”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm; Thomsen, Robert Chr.

    2016-01-01

    A few days before the opening ceremony of the 2016 Arctic Winter Games (AWG) in Nuuk, Greenland, weather reports looked bleak. A spring blizzard was on its way and expected to peak the day prior to the opening ceremony. That very Saturday, 1250 participants were set to fly to Greenland’s capital ...... city – the highest number of civilians arriving in one day by aircraft in the island’s history. Now, however, bad weather was jeopardizing this milestone in Greenlandic aviation history and, along with that, the successful execution of the upcoming games....

  18. Social media is all about video these days: tips communicating science from NASA's Earth Right Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bell, S.

    2016-12-01

    If you're not producing video to communicate your science findings, you're missing the boat navigating the ever-evolving currents of social media. NASA's Earth Right Now communications team made video a priority the past year as we engaged a massive online audience on social media. We will share best practices on social media, lessons learned, what's on the horizon and storytelling techniques to try. PBS documentary-style is passé. Welcome to the world of ten-second Snaps, text-on-picture CNN stories, Facebook Live events and 360° video experiences. Your audience is out there, you just need to catch their attention.

  19. Assessing the Value of Enhancing AirNow Data with NASA Satellite Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pasch, A. N.; Burke, B.; Huang, S.; Dye, T.; Dawes, S. S.; DeWinter, J. L.; Zahn, P. H.; Haderman, M.; Szykman, J.; White, J. E.; Dickerson, P.; van Donkelaar, A.; Martin, R.

    2013-12-01

    We will describe the methodology and findings from a study that addressed how satellite-enhanced air quality information provided through the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) AirNow Satellite Data Processor (ASDP) program could contribute to greater socioeconomic benefits. This study was funded by the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) and conducted, in partnership with the EPA, by the Center for Technology in Government at the University at Albany (CTG) and Sonoma Technology, Inc. (STI). AirNow is the national repository of real-time air quality data and forecasts for the United States. While mainly a public outreach and awareness tool, AirNow relies on the same network of ground-based air quality monitors that is used by federal, state, local, and tribal governments throughout the United States. Extensive as the monitoring network is, considerable gaps exist in certain parts of the United States. Even areas with monitors considered adequate for regulatory purposes can lack information needed to resolve localized air quality issues or give forecasters sufficient confidence about the potential air quality impact of specific events. Monitors are expensive to deploy and maintain; thus, EPA is seeking other ways to improve coverage and detail. Satellite-estimated data can provide information for many places where ground monitors do not exist, and supplement ground monitors, providing additional information for use in analysis and forecasting. ASDP uses satellite-derived estimates for fine-particle pollution (PM2.5) and provides coverage for a small window of time during the day. As satellite capabilities improve in terms of different types of sensors and increased coverage throughout the day, the ASDP program is prepared to extend its scope to additional pollutants and provide greater enhancements to the ground-based networks. In this study, CTG assessed the socioeconomic benefits of air quality data at a community level through three

  20. Kobieta zakodowana. Przedsiębiorczości kobiet a nowe technologie

    OpenAIRE

    Niedzielska, Ewelina

    2015-01-01

    W obecnych warunkach intensywnego rozwoju nowoczesnych technologii funkcjonowanie przedsiębiorstw zyskało nowe cechy i możliwości. Technologie obliczeniowe i elektronicznej wymiany informacji wielorako wpływają na sposoby działania firm. Z jednej strony stanowią narzędzia pomocne do usprawniania pracy przedsiębiorstw, z drugiej zaś mogą być podstawą do tworzenia nowych przedsięwzięć biznesowych. Wnioski zawarte w monografii ukazują konieczność pogłębiania wiedzy na temat zastosowania ...

  1. Should we be worrying about a Brexit from the European Convention of Human Rights now, too?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Zoethout

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Brexit from the EU is now a political fact with all its consequences. Far less media attention has been paid to British criticism of the European Convention of Human Rights, which may face a similar fate unless its Court is changed into an advisory institution. Should we be worrying about a Brexit from the Convention too? This paper analyses the British debate on European human rights in light of developments within the European Court’s caselaw. In the author’s view, the British government is somewhat overstating the problems.

  2. Al principio, el fin: “The End” en el preludio de Apocalypse Now

    OpenAIRE

    García Escrivá, Vicente

    2014-01-01

    El desarrollo creativo de Apocalypse Now (Francis Ford Coppola, 1979) estuvo caracterizado por una revisión constante del guión, un rodaje anormalmente extenso y accidentado y una postproducción muy laboriosa y en absoluto convencional. Todo ello propició una marcada metamorfosis respecto del proyecto original de John Milius, inicialmente sustentado en la novela El corazón de las tinieblas de Joseph Conrad y en una serie de ingredientes bélicos tratados desde un prisma psicodélico (Cowie, 200...

  3. Enhanced recovery after elective colorectal surgery: now the standard of care.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Andrews, E J

    2011-09-01

    Enhanced recovery programmes have been studied in randomised trials with evidence of quicker recovery of gut function, reduced morbidity, mortality and hospital stay and improved physiological and nutritional outcomes. They aim to reduce the physiological and psychological stress of surgery and consequently the uncontrolled stress response. The key elements, reduced pre-operative fasting, intravenous fluid restriction and early feeding after surgery, are in conflict with traditional management plans but are supported by strong clinical evidence. Given the strength of the current data enhanced recovery should now be the standard of care.

  4. News coverage of climate change in Nature News and ScienceNOW during 2007

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Kristian Hvidtfelt; Kjærgaard, Rikke Schmidt

    2011-01-01

    Climate change has become one of the most favored topics in mass media, political discourses, and scientific discussions during the past decade. By the end of 2007 the scientific journals Science and Nature both demonstrated the urgency of climate change by emphasizing the importance and necessity...... of appreciating climate change, its severe consequences, and its anthropogenic causes. During that year the two journals’ online news services Nature News and ScienceNOW framed climate change to fit particular agendas resulting in markedly different narratives. This article demonstrates that Nature News reported...... run by scientific journals are very similar to mass media in framing their coverage of science to fit specific agendas....

  5. "PAY NOW, ARGUE LATER" RULE – BEFORE AND AFTER THE TAX ADMINISTRATION ACT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carika Keulder

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The South African Revenue Service (SARS is entrusted with the duty of collecting tax on behalf of the South African government. In order to ensure effective and prompt collection of taxes, the payment of tax is not suspended pending an objection or an appeal, unless directed otherwise. This is also known as the "pay now, argue later" rule, and, for value-added tax purposes, is provided for in terms of section 36 of the Value-Added Tax Act 89 of 1991. The "pay now, argue later" rule in terms of section 36 of the Value-Added Tax Act prima facie infringes on a taxpayer's right of access to the courts as envisaged in section 34 of the Constitution. This is due to the fact that a taxpayer is obliged to pay tax before being afforded the opportunity to challenge the assessment in a court. In Metcash Trading Ltd v Commissioner for the South African Revenue Service, the Constitutional Court held the "pay now, argue later" rule in terms of section 36 to be constitutional. Olivier, however, does not agree with the court on several matters. Amongst the problems she indicates are that the taxpayer does not have access to the courts at the time the rule is invoked, and that the court did not consider the fact that there might be less invasive means available which would ensure that SARS's duty is balanced with the taxpayer's right of access to the courts. Guidelines were also issued which provide legal certainty regarding the factors SARS may consider in determining whether the payment of tax should be suspended or not. These guidelines also evoked some points of criticism. Since 1 October 2012, the "pay now, argue later" rule has been applied in terms of section 164 of the Tax Administration Act 28 of 2011. The question arises whether this provision addresses the problems identified in respect of section 36 of the Value-Added Tax Act and the guidelines. In comparing these sections, only slight differences emerged. The most significant difference is that

  6. Will you be alive 10 years from now? and numerous other curious questions in probability

    CERN Document Server

    Nahin, Paul J

    2013-01-01

    What are the chances of a game-show contestant finding a chicken in a box? Is the Hanukkah dreidel a fair game? Will you be alive ten years from now? These are just some of the one-of-a-kind probability puzzles that acclaimed popular math writer Paul Nahin offers in this lively and informative book. Nahin brings probability to life with colorful and amusing historical anecdotes as well as an electrifying approach to solving puzzles that illustrates many of the techniques that mathematicians and scientists use to grapple with probability. He looks at classic puzzles from the past--from Galil

  7. The Now-or-Never bottleneck: A fundamental constraint on language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christiansen, Morten H; Chater, Nick

    2016-01-01

    Memory is fleeting. New material rapidly obliterates previous material. How, then, can the brain deal successfully with the continual deluge of linguistic input? We argue that, to deal with this "Now-or-Never" bottleneck, the brain must compress and recode linguistic input as rapidly as possible. This observation has strong implications for the nature of language processing: (1) the language system must "eagerly" recode and compress linguistic input; (2) as the bottleneck recurs at each new representational level, the language system must build a multilevel linguistic representation; and (3) the language system must deploy all available information predictively to ensure that local linguistic ambiguities are dealt with "Right-First-Time"; once the original input is lost, there is no way for the language system to recover. This is "Chunk-and-Pass" processing. Similarly, language learning must also occur in the here and now, which implies that language acquisition is learning to process, rather than inducing, a grammar. Moreover, this perspective provides a cognitive foundation for grammaticalization and other aspects of language change. Chunk-and-Pass processing also helps explain a variety of core properties of language, including its multilevel representational structure and duality of patterning. This approach promises to create a direct relationship between psycholinguistics and linguistic theory. More generally, we outline a framework within which to integrate often disconnected inquiries into language processing, language acquisition, and language change and evolution.

  8. Zasoby bibliotek francuskich – organizacja, zarządzanie, potencjał ludzki, nowe media

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stachnik Maria

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Artykuł stanowi próbę prezentacji francuskich bibliotek w kontekście usytuowania ich w strukturach państwa, a także pokazania prawnych i finansowych determinantów ich działalności. Przedstawia zasoby ludzkie czyli bibliotekarzy, ich ścieżkę edukacyjną, sposoby zdobywania wiedzy i kwalifikacji, jakie muszą posiadać, aby pracować w różnych typach bibliotek we Francji. Omówiono także nowe sposoby dzielenia się wiedzą poprzez nowoczesne technologie informatyczne i informacyjno-komunikacyjne. Z tej perspektywy biblioteki (postrzegane jako miejsca gromadzenia, zdobywania i udostępniania wiedzy zaprezentowano jako instytucje otwierające nowe możliwości przed pracownikami oraz użytkownikami, które dzięki nowym mediom, ich właściwościom, mogą być łatwo przez wszystkich wykorzystywane do szeroko rozumianej komunikacji bez ograniczeń czasowych i przestrzennych.

  9. Double beta decay - physics beyond the standard model now, and in future (Genius)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H.V.

    1998-01-01

    Nuclear double beta decay provides an extraordinarily broad potential to search for beyond standard model physics, probing already now the TeV scale, on which new physics should manifest itself. These possibilities are reviewed here. First, the results of present generation experiments are presented. The most sensitive one of them - the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment in the Gran Sasso - probes the electron mass now in the sub eV region and will reach a limit of ∝0.1 eV in a few years. Basing to a large extent on the theoretical work of the Heidelberg double beta group in the last two years, results are obtained also for SUSY models (R-parity breaking, sneutrino mass), leptoquarks (leptoquark-Higgs coupling), compositeness, right-handed W boson mass and others. These results are comfortably competitive to corresponding results from high-energy accelerators like TEVATRON, HERA, etc. Second, future perspectives of ββ research are discussed. A new Heidelberg experimental proposal (GENIUS) is presented which would allow to increase the sensitivity for Majorana neutrino masses from the present level of at best 0.1 eV down to 0.01 or even 0.001 eV. Its physical potential would be a breakthrough into the multi-TeV range for many beyond standard models. Its sensitivity for neutrino oscillation parameters would be larger than of all present terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments and of those planned for the future. (orig.)

  10. Whites See Racism as a Zero-Sum Game That They Are Now Losing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Norton, Michael I; Sommers, Samuel R

    2011-05-01

    Although some have heralded recent political and cultural developments as signaling the arrival of a postracial era in America, several legal and social controversies regarding "reverse racism" highlight Whites' increasing concern about anti-White bias. We show that this emerging belief reflects Whites' view of racism as a zero-sum game, such that decreases in perceived bias against Blacks over the past six decades are associated with increases in perceived bias against Whites-a relationship not observed in Blacks' perceptions. Moreover, these changes in Whites' conceptions of racism are extreme enough that Whites have now come to view anti-White bias as a bigger societal problem than anti-Black bias. © The Author(s) 2011.

  11. How and Why To Free All Refereed Research From Access- and Impact-Barriers Online, Now

    CERN Document Server

    Harnad, S; Brody, T

    2001-01-01

    Researchers publish their findings in order to make an impact on research, not in order to sell their words. Access-tolls are barriers to research impact. Authors can now free their refereed research papers from all access tolls immediately by self-archiving them on-line in their own institution's Eprint Archives. Free eprints.org software creates Archives compliant with the Open Archives Initiative metadata-tagging Protocol OAI 1.0. These distributed institutional Archives are interoperable and can hence be harvested into global "virtual" archives, citation-linked and freely navigable by all. Self-archiving should enhance research productivity and impact as well as providing powerful new ways of monitoring and measuring it.

  12. Apocalypse Now: elements of the Literary Journalism in thecinematographic construction by Vietnan War

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gisele Krodel Rech

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the most revered films of war, Apocalypse Now presentes fragments of journalistic representation of reality within a narrative film. They are analogies of the book Dispatches, by Michael Herr, book from the New Journalism phenomenon, which served to support the contextualization of Coppola’s masterpiece process. The intention of this paper is therefore analise the film seeking to find in these analogies textual elements of ekphrasis and fanopeia. In this process, in which the literary journalism narrative is enmeshed in film narrative, non fiction and representation of reality arises intermittently through the fictional work, in a process fraught with imagetic connotative meanings, designed from the power of text of literary journalism.

  13. And now, Jose? The punctuation by the bias of the notions of lack and excess

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marilei Resmini Grantham

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available This work has as its starting point the concepts developed and operationalized by Ernst (2009 in the text “Lack, excess and strangeness in the constitution / interpretation of the discursive corpus”. Of the three notions developed by Ernst in her work, I pay attention to those of lack and excess, and I propose to examine these concepts through the bias of punctuation. With this purpose, I choose as an analytical corpus the poem “José”, by Carlos Drummond de Andrade, and, particularly, the formulation “And now, José?”, present throughout the poem. My goal is to work on the notions developed by Ernst, evidencing the discursive functioning of punctuation and seeking to expand my own reflections.

  14. Force probing of individual molecules inside the living cell is now a reality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oddershede, Lene B

    2012-11-01

    Biological systems can be quantitatively explored using single-molecule manipulation techniques such as optical or magnetic tweezers or atomic force microscopy. Though a plethora of discoveries have been accomplished using single-molecule manipulation techniques in vitro, such investigations constantly face the criticism that conditions are too far from being physiologically relevant. Technical achievements now allow scientists to take the next step: to use single-molecule manipulation techniques quantitatively in vivo. Considerable progress has been accomplished in this realm; for example, the interaction between a protein and the membrane of a living cell has been probed, the mechanical properties of individual proteins central for cellular adhesion have been measured and even the action of molecular motors in living cells has been quantified. Here, we review the progress of in vivo single-molecule manipulation with a focus on the special challenges posed by in vivo conditions and how these can be overcome.

  15. Next is now: new technologies for sequencing of genomes, transcriptomes and beyond

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lister, Ryan; Gregory, Brian D.; Ecker, Joseph R.

    2009-01-01

    Summary The sudden availability of DNA sequencing technologies that rapidly produce vast amounts of sequence information has triggered a paradigm shift in genomics, enabling massively parallel surveying of complex nucleic acid populations. The diversity of applications to which these technologies have already been applied demonstrates the immense range of cellular processes and properties that can now be studied at the single-base resolution. These include genome resequencing and polymorphism discovery, mutation mapping, DNA methylation, histone modifications, transcriptome sequencing, gene discovery, alternative splicing identification, small RNA profiling, DNA-protein and possibly even protein-protein interactions. Thus, these deep sequencing technologies offer plant biologists unprecedented opportunities to increase the understanding of the functions and dynamics of plant cells and populations. PMID:19157957

  16. The 39th CERN School of Computing goes to Belgium: apply now!

    CERN Multimedia

    Alberto Pace, CSC Director

    2016-01-01

    Applications are now open for CERN’s 39th School of Computing. The CSC:2016 (see here) will take place from 28 August to 10 September 2016 in Mol, Belgium, in collaboration with SCK•CEN and the Vrije Universiteit Brussel.   The two-week programme consists of more than 50 hours of lectures and hands-on exercises, all on advanced, interesting and challenging computing topics. It covers three main themes: data technologies, base technologies and physics computing. In particular, we will explore: Many-core performance optimisation Concurrent programming Key aspects of multi-threading Writing code for tomorrow’s hardware today Storage technologies, reliability and performance Cryptography, authentication, authorisation and accounting Data replication, caching, monitoring, alarms and quota Writing secure software Observing software with an attacker's eyes Software engineering for physics computing Statistical methods and pr...

  17. News from the Library: Springer e-books in Engineering and Mathematics - now at your desktop!

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Library

    2013-01-01

    Users obviously expect library collections to be shaped to meet their information needs. Today, online systems have replaced the good old "Book Suggestion Register" to help readers provide libraries with input.   Moreover, e-books lend themselves by their nature to a trial period, whereby the needs and the potential usage of collections can be effectively measured. In this sense, the trial of Springer e-books on engineering done in October-November last year was extremely fruitful because it showed the interest of the community and provided us with essential feedback. Following that trial, the Library now provides access to a collection of Springer e-books on Engineering published in 2012 and 2013 and also on Mathematics (2010-2013). These collections complement the Springer Physics and Astronomy and "Lecture Notes in Physics" e-books series. As usual, your feedback is most welcome! Please contact us by e-mail.

  18. Global maritime mobile service via satellite - The INMARSAT system now and in the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Snowball, A. E.

    1986-06-01

    The business and technical aspects of the INMARSAT (International Maritime Satellite Organization) system are reviewed along with its present capabilities and services and future developments now being considered. The initial phase of maritime mobile satellite communications began with the introduction by the U.S. of the Marisat system in 1976, satisfying a commitment made by COMSAT (Communications Satellite Corp.) in 1973 to provide a maritime satellite service. The Marisat Consortium, spun off by COMSAT, launched three satellites in 1973 - one to serve shipping in the Atlantic, one for the Pacific, and the third as a spare; the spare was subsequently positioned over the Indian Ocean so that the three provided almost global coverage. Each satellite was served by a coast earth station with a 13-m antenna; satellite-earth station links operated in the 6 and 4-GHz bands and the ship-satellite links were at 1.5 and 1.6 GHz. Superceding the limited Marisat system, the INMARSAT Organization, established in July 1979 and first in service on Feb. 1, 1982, now provides communications through a system of Marecs, Intelsat-V, and Marisat satellites. With 41 Signatories by mid-1985, the organization consists of an Assembly, a Council, and a Directorate. Services provided include: telephone; facsimile; low-speed data; high-speed data; telex; telegram; distress, urgency and safety communications; shore-to-ship group calls; various information and assistance services. Coast earth stations, ship earth stations, network coordination stations, and the London headquarters and operations control center are described. Future developments will include an expanded capacity network, digital services, and a role in the Future Global Maritime Distress and Safety System that will use radio beacons that will automatically transmit distress messages to land-based emergency centers in the event of a disaster at sea.

  19. Telescope Networks in Education: Where We Are Now and Where We Are Headed

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freed, R.

    2017-12-01

    Remote telescopes have become more common and accessible over the past 20 years as technology has evolved, and there has been a corresponding interest in bringing telescopes and astronomy into the educational arena. Numerous telescope networks (i.e. Las Cumbres Observatory, the Faulkes Telescopes, Skynet, the Harvard-Smithsonian Center for Astrophysics MicroObservatory, the SPIRIT Telescopes, iTelescope, telescope.org and others) as well as curriculum development groups and national and international programs have been developed during this time to connect students and the public with the technology and the science. While some programs and networks have come and gone, we are now at a time where sustainable communities of practice around astronomical research, ground-based telescope networks, and education can take hold and grow. The global connectivity that today's technology affords makes possible many more types of astronomical studies than in previous decades as we now have the capacity for continual sky coverage in both hemispheres by larger numbers of people and larger telescopes. Astronomy is one of few scientific fields that captures the imagination of the masses and as an undergraduate general science course it is often the last exposure to formal science that students will have and as such can play a critical role in STEM education. As the advances in computer and space exploration technologies continue, and the amount of data coming from remote observatories and space exploration missions increases astronomically, integrating remote telescope networks into educational settings, in tandem with teaching students and the general public about the nature and processes of scientific inquiry is vital not only for the field of astronomy but in helping to develop a generation of critical thinkers and informed citizens.

  20. Double Beta Decay - Physics Beyond the Standard Model Now, and in Future (GENIUS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klapdor-Kleingrothaus, H. V.

    Nuclear double beta decay provides an extraordinarily broad potential to search for beyond Standard Model physics, probing already now the TeV scale, on which new physics should manifest itself. These possibilities are reviewed here. First, the results of present generation experiments are presented. The most sensitive one of them - the Heidelberg-Moscow experiment in the Gran Sasso - probes the electron mass now in the sub eV region and will reach a limit of ˜ 0.1 eV in a few years. Basing to a large extent on the theoretical work of the Heidelberg Double Beta Group in the last two years, results are obtained also for SUSY models (R-parity breaking, sneutrino mass), leptoquarks (leptoquark-Higgs coupling), com-positeness, right-handed W boson mass and others. These results are comfortably competitive to corresponding results from high-energy accelerators like TEVA-TRON, HERA, etc. Second, future perspectives of ʲʲ research are discussed. A new Heidelberg experimental proposal (GENIUS) is presented which would allow to increase the sensitivity for Majorana neutrino masses from the present level of at best 0.1 eV down to 0.01 or even 0.001 eV. Its physical potential would be a breakthrough into the multi-TeV range for many beyond standard models. Its sensitivity for neutrino oscillation parameters would be larger than of all present terrestrial neutrino oscillation experiments and of those planned for the future. It would further, already in a first step, cover almost the full MSSM parameter space for prediction of neutralinos as cold dark matter, making the experiment competitive to LHC in the search for supersymmetry.

  1. The challenge of health & environment: profiling risks & strategic priorities for now & the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narain, Jai P

    2012-08-01

    A substantial burden of communicable and non-communicable diseases in the developing countries is attributable to environmental risk factors. WHO estimates that the environmental factors are responsible for an estimated 24 per cent of the global burden of disease in terms of healthy life years lost and 23 per cent of all deaths; children being the worst sufferers. Given that the environment is linked with most of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), without proper attention to the environmental risk factors and their management, it will be difficult to achieve many MDGs by 2015. The impact of environmental degradation on health may continue well into the future and the situation in fact, is likely to get worse. In order to address this challenge, two facts are worth noting. First, that much of the environmental disease burden is attributable to a few critical risk factors which include unsafe water and sanitation, exposure to indoor smoke from cooking fuel, outdoor air pollution, exposure to chemicals such as arsenic, and climate change. Second, that environment and health aspects must become, as a matter of urgency, a national priority, both in terms of policy and resources allocation. To meet the challenge of health and environment now and in the future, the following strategic approaches must be considered which include conducting environmental and health impact assessments; strengthening national environmental health policy and infrastructure; fostering inter-sectoral co-ordination and partnerships; mobilizing public participation; and enhancing the leadership role of health in advocacy, stewardship and capacity building.

  2. Identification and prioritization of potential problems in nuclear material transportation, now through 2000

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    DeSteese, J.G.; Rhoads, R.E.

    1978-01-01

    This review presents the results of issue analysis used to identify potential problems which may impact the transportation of nuclear fuel cycle materials between now and 2000. An objective of this effort is to provide advanced warning of potential problems which may inhibit the future development of safe and environmentally acceptable nuclear material transportation systems. Issue analysis was also used to establish the priorities of potential problems. This provides a basis for recommending research, development and other necessary action to address the potentially adverse effects of these problems. Over 100 problem issues were identified in workshop sessions and represent the combined opinions of transportation experts in industry, government and research institutions. A panel ranked potential impact and immediacy of the problem issues on a scale of 1 to 5. The product of the impact and immediacy ranking was taken to indicate relative importance. The type of potential problem identified as most important has consequences which may impose unnecessarily severe or costly restrictions on nuclear material transportation. Ten specific high priority potential problems are discussed which collectively may result in a future inadequacy of transportation for spent fuel and waste materials. These problems may become critical in the next decade. Recommendations are made for new effort that addresses the solution of these problems. A brief review is included of some potential problems judged to be currently of low priority, but which may become more significant toward the end of the century

  3. Women service members, veterans, and their families: What we know now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mankowski, Mariann; Everett, Joyce E

    2016-12-01

    The purpose of this paper is to highlight what we know now about female service members, veterans, and their families. The experiences of U.S. female service members and veterans are more complex than previous eras and significant demographic changes have taken place. U.S. female veterans are more likely to be younger, come from ethnic and racial minority groups, have children, and combat exposure. U.S. female service members report high rates of sexual violence and they are more vulnerable to homelessness and unemployment when compared to previous female military cohorts. U.S. female service members and veterans are also at higher risk for significant mental and health issues. Children and adolescents of women service members and veterans may also carry a heavy burden as a result of lengthy deployments. A majority of female service members and veterans will utilize community based healthcare and social services, therefore, it is essential that all healthcare providers understand the unique needs of this cohort of women. Practice implications at the micro, mezzo, and macro levels are discussed. Qualitative and quantitative studies that expand our understanding of women's experience in the military and as veterans are encouraged. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  4. Quick EXAFS experiments using a now GDA eclipse RCP GUI with EPICS hardware control

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woolliscroft, R.J.; Coles, C.; Gerring, M.; Pearson, M.

    2012-01-01

    The Generic Data Acquisition (GDA) framework is an open source, Java and Eclipse RCP based, data acquisition software framework for synchrotron and neutron facilities. A new implementation of the GDA on the B18 X-ray beamline at the Diamond synchrotron will be discussed. This beamline performs energy scanning Xray Absorption Spectroscopy (XAS) experiments. It includes a continuous-scan mode of the monochromator synchronized with various detectors for Quick EXAFS (QEXAFS) experiments. XAS energy scans may now be performed in 30 s, where the equivalent step scans take approximately 40 minutes. A new generic perspective for the GDA client has been developed in which graphical editors are used to write XML files which hold experimental parameters. The XML files are marshalled by the GDA server to create Java beans used by Jython scripts which run on the GDA server. Underlying this, a new generic continuous scanning mechanism for the GDA has been developed. The new Eclipse RCP UI, the new continuous scanning mechanism, new hardware development and integration between the two systems shall be covered. (authors)

  5. Building a Sustainable Energy Future for Africa - Acting Now and Together

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fall, L.

    2007-07-01

    The key energy challenges Africa is facing are: low level of access to commercial energy, low per capita energy consumption, weak development of energy infrastructure and lack of investment and financing for energy projects. Addressing these challenges is critical for sustainable economic and social development, and assured access to secure, affordable and reliable energy. In spite of these daunting challenges, Africa is well endowed in energy resources, but these resources are largely untapped and concentrated in a few countries. In addition, there are numerous 'rooms' for opportunities that could be seized concretely to overcome the main obstacles to the Sustainable Energy Development of the Continent. Thus, right actions must be taken to overcome these obstacles, including: financing the huge needed investments, technological development, private-public partnerships, energy market reform and effective regulation, sound and sustainable energy policies, and economic and social measures. Subsequently, from priority areas, the related stakeholders should 'act now' and 'act together', through effective collaboration and partnership and making proper alliances, to initiate effective and concrete actions to support Africa aspirations in order to build a Sustainable Energy Future for Africa, in a cost-effective and timely manner. (auth)

  6. Pharmacogenomics in Heart Failure: Where Are We Now and How Can We Reach Clinical Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oni-Orisan, Akinyemi

    2015-01-01

    Heart failure is becoming increasingly prevalent in the United States and is a significant cause of morbidity and mortality. Several therapies are currently available to treat this chronic illness; however, clinical response to these treatment options exhibit significant interpatient variation. It is now clearly understood that genetics is a key contributor to diversity in therapeutic response, and evidence that genetic polymorphisms alter the pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, and clinical response of heart failure drugs continues to accumulate. This suggests that pharmacogenomics has the potential to help clinicians improve the management of heart failure by choosing the safest and most effective medications and doses. Unfortunately, despite much supportive data, pharmacogenetic optimization of heart failure treatment regimens is not yet a reality. In order to attenuate the rising burden of heart failure, particularly in the context of the recent paucity of new effective interventions, there is an urgent need to extend pharmacogenetic knowledge and leverage these associations in order to enhance the effectiveness of existing heart failure therapies. The present review focuses on the current state of pharmacogenomics in heart failure and provides a glimpse of the aforementioned future needs. PMID:25093738

  7. BioTapestry now provides a web application and improved drawing and layout tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paquette, Suzanne M; Leinonen, Kalle; Longabaugh, William J R

    2016-01-01

    Gene regulatory networks (GRNs) control embryonic development, and to understand this process in depth, researchers need to have a detailed understanding of both the network architecture and its dynamic evolution over time and space. Interactive visualization tools better enable researchers to conceptualize, understand, and share GRN models. BioTapestry is an established application designed to fill this role, and recent enhancements released in Versions 6 and 7 have targeted two major facets of the program. First, we introduced significant improvements for network drawing and automatic layout that have now made it much easier for the user to create larger, more organized network drawings. Second, we revised the program architecture so it could continue to support the current Java desktop Editor program, while introducing a new BioTapestry GRN Viewer that runs as a JavaScript web application in a browser. We have deployed a number of GRN models using this new web application. These improvements will ensure that BioTapestry remains viable as a research tool in the face of the continuing evolution of web technologies, and as our understanding of GRN models grows.

  8. Epidemiology's continuing contribution to public health: The power of "Then and Now".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buck Louis, Germaine M; Bloom, Michael S; Gatto, Nicolle M; Hogue, Carol R; Westreich, Daniel J; Zhang, Cuilin

    2015-04-15

    The 47th annual meeting of the Society for Epidemiologic Research hosted 17 invited speakers charged by the Executive Committee with presenting some of the many ways that epidemiologists have improved the health of the general population. There were 9 "Then and Now" sessions that were structured to focus on how early epidemiologists overcame research hurdles and advanced health through innovative strategies. For most topics, a longstanding expert was paired with an excellent contemporary epidemiologist working in the area, and both were given the freedom to deliver an integrated story about epidemiology's temporal role in protecting and promoting public health. Epidemiologic discoveries in cardiovascular, cancer, and perinatal epidemiology were discussed on day 1, followed by discussions of accomplishments in reducing exposures that adversely impact health (nutrition, environment/occupation, and tobacco use) on day 2. Topics with relevancy for many aspects of epidemiology were presented on day 3, including infectious diseases, social forces, and causal thinking in epidemiologic research. Given the large number of outstanding senior and junior epidemiologists that attended the meeting, choosing speakers was a unique challenge. What became evident from all sessions was the passion that epidemiologists have for population health, tempered with concerns for remaining true to epidemiologic principles, the timely adoption of innovative methods, and the responsible interpretation of research findings. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health 2015. This work is written by (a) US Government employee(s) and is in the public domain in the US.

  9. Post impressions "The conditions are now set... We must do it!"

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    The Director General talks to the Bulletin   The week that Council meets at CERN can be a tense occasion, in particular when hard decisions must be made. The recent week of meetings was no exception, when the External Review Committee presented its report, and Professor Maiani presented the Management's Medium Term Plan, both in response to the increased cost-to-completion of the LHC that became apparent last year. So what was the general feeling by the end of the week? 'I really feel we have made significant progress,' Professor Maiani told the Bulletin, 'The ERC, the Council and the Management all indicate that there is only one way to go. Now we have to follow it.' The way forward, all parties agree, lies with focussing resources on the LHC. 'The LHC is technically feasible,' says Professor Maiani, 'and we know that together we can build it. It will require lots of effort and determination, but the people and structures are in place. We are in a much better position than we were 1-2 years ago. ...

  10. Now that California has AMI, what can the state do with it?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Woo, C.K.; Kollman, E.; Orans, R.; Price, S.; Horii, B.

    2008-01-01

    Recognizing the lack of retail-demand response, a state regulator, such as the California Public Utilities Commission (CPUC), seeks tariff proposals that transmit wholesale price signals to a local distribution company's (LDC) retail customers. To enable these proposals, the CPUC has authorized funding for advanced metering infrastructure (AMI) for two investor-owned LDCs. Assuming regulatory approval of the third LDC's application, the state's US$4.28 billion AMI investment will aid new rate designs for 11.3 million electricity customers. Now that California has AMI, what can the state do with it? With AMI in hand, an LDC can implement service options that can further the state's energy initiatives, ranging from resource adequacy requirement (RAR) to greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions reduction. These options can efficiently allocate limited capacity based on each customer's willingness to pay, without the unnecessary distinction between price rationing and reliability differentiation. They can be Pareto superior, welfare dominating the default tariffs that apply to these customers. A case in point is the generalized demand subscription service (GDSS) option proposed in this paper. However, it is unclear whether the option will find wide customer acceptance, without an LDC's intensive customer education and marketing efforts

  11. Adult vaccination: Now is the time to realize an unfulfilled potential

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tan, Litjen

    2015-01-01

    Each year, vaccine-preventable diseases kill thousands of adults, both in the United States and across the planet, causing a significant human toll and severe economic burden on the world's healthcare systems. In the United States, while immunization is recognized as one of the most effective primary prevention services that improves health and well-being, adult immunization rates remain low and large gaps exist between national adult immunization goals and actual adult immunization rates. Closing these gaps requires a commitment by national leaders to a multifaceted national strategy to: (1) establish the value of adult vaccines in the eyes of the public, payers, policy makers, and health care professionals; (2) improve access to recommended adult vaccinations by improving the adult vaccine infrastructure in the United States and developing public-private partnerships to facilitate effective immunization behaviors; and (3) ensure fair and appropriate payment for adult immunization. Many of the situations that result in low adult immunizations rates in the United States also exist in many other countries around the world. Successful strategies to improve adult immunization coverage rates will result in reductions in morbidity, mortality, and healthcare costs. All medical and public health stakeholders must now collaborate to realize the significant health benefits that come with a strong adult immunization program. PMID:26091249

  12. Talk | Women in STEM - Where are we now and how can we move? | 4 November

    CERN Multimedia

    2013-01-01

    "Women in science, technology, engineering and maths (STEM). Where are we now and how can we move?", by Jocelyn Bell Burnell.   Jocelyn Bell Burnell. Monday 4 November 2013, at 4.30 p.m. Globe of Science and Innovation Route de Meyrin, 1211 Genève Conference organised by the CERN Diversity Programme. English with French translation. Jocelyn Bell Burnell is a Visiting Professor at the University of Oxford. In a career spanning over four decades, she has made outstanding contributions to astronomy, the public understanding of science, in particular advancing the role of women in science, and to the promotion of physics. Working on a pioneering radio telescope as a graduate student in Cambridge in the 1960s, she made the observations that led to the discovery of pulsars. Subsequently she has performed roles in many branches of astronomy, working part-time while raising a family. Bell Burnell is a well-known figure in the public understanding of science, giving...

  13. The lemur revolution starts now: the genomic coming of age for a non-model organism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoder, Anne D

    2013-02-01

    Morris Goodman was a revolutionary. Together with a mere handful of like-minded scientists, Morris established himself as a leader in the molecular phylogenetic revolution of the 1960s. The effects of this revolution are most evident in this journal, which he founded in 1992. Happily for lemur biologists, one of Morris Goodman's primary interests was in reconstructing the phylogeny of the primates, including the tooth-combed Lorisifomes of Africa and Asia, and the Lemuriformes of Madagascar (collectively referred to as the suborder Strepsirrhini). This paper traces the development of molecular phylogenetic and evolutionary genetic trends and methods over the 50-year expanse of Morris Goodman's career, particularly as they apply to our understanding of lemuriform phylogeny, biogeography, and biology. Notably, this perspective reveals that the lemuriform genome is sufficiently rich in phylogenetic signal such that the very earliest molecular phylogenetic studies - many of which were conducted by Goodman himself - have been validated by contemporary studies that have exploited advanced computational methods applied to phylogenomic scale data; studies that were beyond imagining in the earliest days of phylogeny reconstruction. Nonetheless, the frontier still beckons. New technologies for gathering and analyzing genomic data will allow investigators to build upon what can now be considered a nearly-known phylogeny of the Lemuriformes in order to ask innovative questions about the evolutionary mechanisms that generate and maintain the extraordinary breadth and depth of biological diversity within this remarkable clade of primates. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Our perception of the mast cell from Paul Ehrlich to now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beaven, Michael A

    2009-01-01

    Just over a century ago Paul Ehrlich received the Nobel Prize for his studies of immunity. This review describes one of his legacies, the histochemical description of the mast cell, and the research that has ensued since then. After a long period of largely descriptive studies, which revealed little about the biological role of the mast cell, the field was galvanized in the 1950s by the recognition that the mast cell was the main repository of histamine and a key participant in anaphylactic reactions. Although the mast cell was long-viewed in these terms, recent research has now shown that the mast cell also plays a key role in innate and adaptive immune responses, autoimmune disease, and possibly tissue homeostasis by virtue of its expression of a diverse array of receptors and biologically active products. In addition, the responsiveness of mast cells to immunological and pathological stimulants is highly modulated by the tissue cytokine environment and by synergistic, or inhibitory, interactions among the various mast cell receptor systems. This once enigmatic cell of Paul Ehrlich has proved to be both adaptable and multifunctional.

  15. Why all those spines? Anachronistic defences in the Didiereoideae against now extinct lemurs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brooke E. Crowley

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Plants evolve physical defences, such as spines, against browsing herbivores. However, in some cases, these defences may be anachronistic because the principal consumers of protected parts of the plant are extinct. In such cases, there may be few extant species consuming heavily defended resources. Here we examine the spiny defences of Madagascar’s endemic Didiereoideae, and ask whether they may be anachronistic. To accomplish this aim, we reviewed the literature to determine which species consume these plants today, and then used stable isotope biogeochemistry to determine who may have exploited Didiereoideae in the recent past. There are four major groups of browsers that are now extinct in Madagascar: giant lemurs, elephant birds (Aepyornis and Mullerornis: Aepyornithidae, pygmy hippopotamuses (Hippopotamus and giant tortoises (Aldabrachelys: Testudinidae. Each group was evaluated for isotopic evidence of didiereoid plant consumption. Given the structure of members of this plant clade (especially Alluaudia, we predicted that lemurs would be their most important consumers. Three extant lemur species consume Didiereoideae. Several of the extinct lemurs, particularly Hadropithecus stenognathus, may have relied heavily on these spiny plants. None of the non-lemur megafaunal browsers (elephant birds, hippopotamuses and giant tortoises were important consumers of Didiereoideae.

  16. Methadone is now available in India: Is the long battle over?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M R Rajagopal

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Context: Morphine and fentanyl had so far been the only available opioids in India in step three of the World Health Organization analgesic ladder. Especially for those not tolerating morphine and particularly for those developing neurotoxicity, an inexpensive alternative was essential. Many years of advocacy by palliative care activists have resulted in methadone being now available for sale in India for pain management. However, the characteristic pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of methadone raise potential issues of safety. Aims: This study aimed to recommend the essential steps for ensuring availability of methadone for improved pain relief in India, while at the same time ensuring safe use. Conclusions: Two steps are suggested. Firstly, the palliative care community in India must launch an educational program on methadone freely available to all potential prescribers of this medicine. Secondly, we must advocate with drug controllers of states and union territories for making methadone available only through recognized medical institutions and for ensuring that indiscriminate sale through pharmacies is avoided.

  17. Musculoskeletal disease and injury, now and in the future. Part 1: fractures and fatalities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clegg, P D

    2011-11-01

    Orthopaedic injury is common in the racing Thoroughbred and is a cause of both economic loss to the industry, as well as being an obvious welfare issue. Fatal injuries sustained during racing are an obvious major concern and it is important that all is done to reduce their frequency. As a consequence of the importance of these causes of horse morbidity and mortality, the Horserace Betting Levy Board in the UK has invested considerable resources into research in recent years in this area in an attempt to decrease the frequency of such injuries. This review summarises current knowledge relating to epidemiological investigations relating to fractures, falling and fatalities in the racing Thoroughbred. Studies identify the importance of track surface conditions, the importance of pre-existing orthopaedic pathology, as well as issues relating to the horse's past training and racing experience as important determinants of both injury and death. Such findings can now be used to develop interventions to reduce racehorse injury and death for the benefit of both the industry and the horse. © 2011 EVJ Ltd.

  18. Here and now: the intersection of computational science, quantum-mechanical simulations, and materials science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marzari, Nicola

    The last 30 years have seen the steady and exhilarating development of powerful quantum-simulation engines for extended systems, dedicated to the solution of the Kohn-Sham equations of density-functional theory, often augmented by density-functional perturbation theory, many-body perturbation theory, time-dependent density-functional theory, dynamical mean-field theory, and quantum Monte Carlo. Their implementation on massively parallel architectures, now leveraging also GPUs and accelerators, has started a massive effort in the prediction from first principles of many or of complex materials properties, leading the way to the exascale through the combination of HPC (high-performance computing) and HTC (high-throughput computing). Challenges and opportunities abound: complementing hardware and software investments and design; developing the materials' informatics infrastructure needed to encode knowledge into complex protocols and workflows of calculations; managing and curating data; resisting the complacency that we have already reached the predictive accuracy needed for materials design, or a robust level of verification of the different quantum engines. In this talk I will provide an overview of these challenges, with the ultimate prize being the computational understanding, prediction, and design of properties and performance for novel or complex materials and devices.

  19. Anterior single-tooth dental implant restorations: now is the perfect time to recall significant contributions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sullivan, Daniel Y

    2003-01-01

    Significant contributions by clinicians, researchers, and manufacturers have brought us to a previously almost unimaginable point in time, where it is possible to place and restore a single dental implant in the esthetic zone with a success rate above 96% and with the probability that it will look very much like a natural tooth. In addition, in select cases it is possible to do the extraction, implant placement, and provisional restoration on the same day. There is very little trauma at the implant site, which results in greater comfort for the patient and ultimately greater tissue preservation long-term. We have now observed single-tooth anterior implant cases for 15 years and have every belief that these implants will continue to function in health for many years. So what is next? We will have to wait and see, but it is this clinician's hope that the next 15 years will bring us more of these cooperative efforts that have so dramatically improved our patients' lives.

  20. Anterior retroperitoneal rami: until now unnamed direct branches of the abdominal aorta.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Turyna, R; Kachlik, D; Feyreisl, J; Stingl, J; Baca, V

    2014-09-01

    The aim of the study was to gain a thorough knowledge of the topography and distribution of until now officially unnamed minute direct branches from abdominal aorta, stemming from its ventral and lateral aspects, supplying surrounding tissue, and to comprise it to the existing studies. The study was performed in fixed cadaverous material collected from India ink injections of abdominal aorta samples with large surrounding retroperitoneal tissue. The 25 samples were dissected under magnifying binocular glass, followed by graphic reconstruction; statistical analysis, and the study was preceded with detailed review of branches from abdominal aorta. For systematization of the segmental anatomy of the abdominal aorta and infrarenal segment of inferior vena cava, we defined three levels in this area. The retroperitoneal branches were most frequently situated simultaneously within all three predefined levels according to renal and inferior mesenteric arteries origin. There were 18% of retroperitoneal branches within Level 1, 39% within Level 2 and 43% within Level 3. They were branches not only from the abdominal aorta, but also from the testicular/ovarian artery, common iliac artery and in one case from the right accessory renal artery. Paired arrangement was recorded mainly cranially to the origin of inferior mesenteric artery, unpaired branches were more frequently found caudally. In conclusion, due to the terminological disunity of these arteries in the clinical literature and total absence in the anatomical literature, we propose to denominate them as anterior retroperitoneal branches of abdominal aorta (rami retroperitoneales anteriores aortae abdominalis). © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  1. Hanford to WIPP - What a Trip: The Road from Hanford is now Open

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    FRENCH, M.S.

    2001-01-01

    The road leading from Hanford's Waste Receiving and Processing (WRAP) Facility to the Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WJPP) in New Mexico developed a few bumps and detours over the past year, but it has now been successfully traversed. There were challenges obtaining Carlsbad Area Office and New Mexico Department of Ecology certification of the Hanford characterization program. After months of work, when initial certification appeared imminent, the issuance of the WIPP Hazardous Waste Permit changed the Waste Analysis Plan (WAP) required for characterizing waste for acceptance at WIPP. After a ceremony dedicating the ''Washington'' room at WIPP, the inaugural shipment from WRAP to WIPP was scheduled for June 2000. This first shipment was planned based on shipping a number of containers that had been characterized before the issuance of the WIPP Mixed Waste Permit. However, the New Mexico Department of Ecology initially declined to accept the characterization data generated before the permit was issued, necessitating revision to the planned shipment. Because of the difficulties inherent in scheduling the TRUPACT-II transport and coordination with all of the states through which the shipment would pass, it was decided to proceed with the first shipment in early July with only the drums that had been characterized after Hanford compliance with the new WIPP WAP requirements had been certified. Following the initial shipment, previously certified containers were recertified using a process approved through negotiation with the New Mexico Environment Department, and additional full shipments have been successfully completed. This paper will present an overview of the challenges overcome and lessons learned in obtaining certification, coordination with the involved states, and eventual successful1 implementation of a routine shipping program

  2. What We Know Now: Synthesis for Understanding the Origin of the Pluto System

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKinnon, William B.; Stern, S. A.; Weaver, H. A.; Spencer, J. R.; Nimmo, F.; Lisse, C. M.; Umurhan, O. M.; Moore, J. M.; Buie, M. W.; Porter, S. B.; Olkin, C. B.; Young, L. A.; Ennico, K.

    2015-11-01

    The July 2015 New Horizons flyby has removed a long-standing obstacle to understanding the cosmogony of the Pluto-Charon system: the uncertain radius of Pluto. Combined with precise astrometric fits to the barycenter of the Pluto-Charon binary from HST observations of the more distant, small satellites (Brozovic et al., Icarus 246, 317-329, 2015), the densities of both Pluto and Charon are now known. At the 10% level, these densities are rather similar, as opposed to the more divergent density estimates of years past in which Charon was thought to be substantially icier. In the context of a “giant impact” origin, a rock-rich Charon implies that the precursor impacting bodies were at most only partially differentiated — possessing relatively thin ice shells (Canup, Astron. J. 141, 35, 2011). This suggests some combination of relatively slow and/or late accretion in the ancestral Kuiper belt. New Horizons has also shown that Nix and Hydra possess high albedos, consistent with ice-dominated compositions. Such compositions are consistent with a giant impact origin in which one or both precursor impacting bodies were partially differentiated, so that the small satellites ultimately formed from material ejected from ice-dominated surface layers (Peale and Canup, Treatise on Geophysics, 2nd Ed., chapter 10.17, 2015). We examine whether Pluto and Charon could actually possess the same bulk rock/ice ratio and whether this would allow for an alternate, non-giant-impact origin for the Pluto system.This work was supported by NASA's New Horizons project.

  3. Pneumatic Dilation of the Lower Esophageal Sphincter Can Now Be Successfully Performed Without Morbidity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jia, Yi; Bustamante, Marco; Moraveji, Sharareh; McCallum, Richard W

    2016-11-01

    Patients with dysphagia may be diagnosed with impaired lower esophageal sphincter (LES) relaxation and treated with pneumatic dilation (PD), stretching and tearing LES muscle fibers. Esophageal perforation has been reported to be as high as 10%. We conducted a retrospective study to evaluate the perforation rate of PD when used for impaired relaxation of the LES using current techniques. A chart review was conducted to identify patients referred for esophageal manometry by high-resolution manometry and later received PD from January 2013 to April 2016. The diagnoses of achalasia, gastroesophageal junction outlet obstruction or hypertensive LES with accompanying impaired LES relaxation were based on the Chicago Classification III. Demographic data, clinical findings, treatment approaches and outcomes were explored. A total of 187 patients were referred for dysphagia and had esophageal manometry during this time frame. In all, 62 patients (34 female), mean age of 52 years, met the criteria for incomplete relaxation of the LES and underwent a total of 88 PD procedures. All initial PD procedures used the 30-mm diameter balloon, 18 subsequently required a 35-mm balloon and 8 went on to 40-mm balloon size. No perforations or other complications were documented by esophagogastroduodenoscopy, gastrografin testing immediately postdilation or by subsequent clinical outcome. PD by an experienced gastroenterologist using general anesthesia, fluoroscopic guidance, Rigiflex balloon equipment and a specific repetitive technique can be successfully performed without perforation. Hence, the already known therapeutic efficacy of PD can now be combined with the knowledge that there is essentially no accompanying perforation rate. Copyright © 2016 Southern Society for Clinical Investigation. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  4. Who Are We Now Then? The Swedish Welfare State in Political Memory and Identity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fredrik Sunnemark

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In the late 1980s and early 1990s the Swedish welfare state underwent a crisis which led to a transformation of society that has continued up until today. The main node of this has been an adjustment to the global ideological trend of privatization and individualism with a down-sized public sector ruled by market logic. Parallel with this Sweden has also changed from being relatively mono- cultural to becoming a more multicultural nation. Throughout these processes one constant has been how the memory of the traditional Swedish welfare state has been used and fought over by different political parties. This article deals with the struggle to appropriate this memory. The Social Democrats, in power for most of the twentieth century, are seen as the architects of the Folkhem (“The Home of the People”. But it was also the Social Democrats who – under pressure from global economy – initiated the neoliberal transformation through a series of decisions in the 1980s. Rhetorically they have treated this in two ways: one is through arguing that nothing really changed and one is through pointing out how much has changed but without acknowledging their own part in it. The ruling right-wing party The Moderates has done so through changing their rhetoric from criticizing the Social Democratic welfare state to now being the only ones representing its core values and the only ones capable of adapting them to a new situation. Furthermore, the Folkhem-metaphor has also been central for the xenophobic far-right (Sweden Democrats, claiming that the demise of the welfare state is the result of excessive immigration.

  5. Transforming Ocean Sciences in the Northeast Pacific: NSF's Ocean Observatories Initiative Cabled Array is Now Operational

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelley, D. S.

    2016-02-01

    In July-August, 2015 the first operations and maintenance cruise was successfully completed for the high power and bandwidth underwater cabled component of the National Science Foundation's Ocean Observatories Initiative: the Cabled Array. This system includes 900 km of backbone cable and 7 Primary Nodes, which provide 8 kW power and 10 Gbs bandwidth to myriad seafloor instruments (Manalang et al., this meeting) and instrumented full water column moorings (McRae et al., this meeting). Over 33,000 m of extension cables connected to 17 secondary junction boxes support >100 instruments now streaming data live to shore. In concert, this array forms: 1) the most advanced observatory along the global mid-ocean ridge network were 20 instruments and a state-of-the-art mooring system are providing new insights into volcanic and overlying water column processes at Axial Seamount (which erupted April 2015, see Delaney et al., this meeting); and 2) an extensive, technologically-advanced coastal observatory spanning 80 m to 2900 m water depths off Newport, OR. Here, cabled, instrumented moorings, with up to 18 instruments each, and associated seafloor arrays provide real-time, coregistered geophysical, biogeochemical, and physical measurements at unprecedented temporal and spatial resolution. Nearly 1.5 years of continuous data (see Knuth et al., this meeting), two-way communication capabilities that allow responses to events, and continuing real-time data flow, will allow the community to investigate in ways never before possible earthquakes along the Cascadia margin with impacts on fluid flow and release of methane into the hydrosphere, underwater eruptions resulting in perturbations to hydrothermal systems, associated biological communities, and overlying water column properties, and linkages among biogeochemical and physical processes along the Cascadia margin.

  6. Kids and adults now! Defeat Obesity (KAN-DO): rationale, design and baseline characteristics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostbye, Truls; Zucker, Nancy L; Krause, Katrina M; Lovelady, Cheryl A; Evenson, Kelly R; Peterson, Bercedis L; Bastian, Lori A; Swamy, Geeta K; West, Deborah G; Brouwer, Rebecca J N

    2011-05-01

    Prevention of childhood obesity is a public health priority. Parents influence a child's weight by modeling healthy behaviors, controlling food availability and activity opportunities, and appropriate feeding practices. Thus interventions should target education and behavioral change in the parent, and positive, mutually reinforcing behaviors within the family. This paper presents the design, rationale and baseline characteristics of Kids and Adults Now! - Defeat Obesity (KAN-DO), a randomized controlled behavioral intervention trial targeting weight maintenance in children of healthy weight, and weight reduction in overweight children. 400 children aged 2-5 and their overweight or obese mothers in the Triangle and Triad regions of North Carolina are randomized equally to control or the KAN-DO intervention, consisting of mailed family kits encouraging healthy lifestyle change. Eight (monthly) kits are supported by motivational counseling calls and a single group session. Mothers are targeted during a hypothesized "teachable moment" for health behavior change (the birth of a new baby), and intervention content addresses: parenting skills ((e.g., emotional regulation, authoritative parenting), healthy eating, and physical activity. The 400 mother-child dyads randomized to trial are 75% white and 22% black; 19% have a household income of $30,000 or below. At baseline, 15% of children are overweight (85th-95th percentile for body mass index) and 9% are obese (≥ 95th percentile). This intervention addresses childhood obesity prevention by using a family-based, synergistic approach, targeting at-risk children and their mothers during key transitional periods, and enhancing maternal self-regulation and responsive parenting as a foundation for health behavior change. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. Organizational Leadership and Adaptive Reserve in Blood Pressure Control: The Heart Health NOW Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henderson, Kamal H; DeWalt, Darren A; Halladay, Jacquie; Weiner, Bryan J; Kim, Jung I; Fine, Jason; Cykert, Samuel

    2018-04-01

    Our purpose was to assess whether a practice's adaptive reserve and high leadership capability in quality improvement are associated with population blood pressure control. We divided practices into quartiles of blood pressure control performance and considered the top quartile as the benchmark for comparison. Using abstracted clinical data from electronic health records, we performed a cross-sectional study to assess the association of top quartile hypertension control and (1) the baseline practice adaptive reserve (PAR) scores and (2) baseline practice leadership scores, using modified Poisson regression models adjusting for practice-level characteristics. Among 181 practices, 46 were in the top quartile, which averaged 68% or better blood pressure control. Practices with higher PAR scores compared with lower PAR scores were not more likely to reside in the top quartile of performance (prevalence ratio [PR] = 1.92 for highest quartile; 95% CI, 0.9-4.1). Similarly, high quality improvement leadership capability compared with lower capability did not predict better blood pressure control performance (PR = 0.94; 95% CI, 0.57-1.56). Practices with higher proportions of commercially insured patients were more likely than practices with lower proportions of commercially insured patients to have top quartile performance (37% vs 26%, P =.002), whereas lower proportions of the uninsured (8% vs 14%, P =.055) were associated with better performance. Our findings show that adaptive reserve and leadership capability in quality improvement implementation are not statistically associated with achieving top quartile practice-level hypertension control at baseline in the Heart Health NOW project. Our findings, however, may be limited by a lack of patient-related factors and small sample size to preclude strong conclusions. © 2018 Annals of Family Medicine, Inc.

  8. Globesity: the root causes of the obesity epidemic in the USA and now worldwide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lifshitz, Fima; Lifshitz, Jere Ziffer

    2014-09-01

    The epidemic of obesity is a well-known phenomenon affecting the world population. This pandemic has occurred since the 1980's with increasing frequency, despite multiple attempts and recommendations to mitigate the prevalence of obesity and its co-morbidities. The causes of obesity have been recognized and are largely related to a genetic predisposition and an environmental susceptibility to gain weight due to increased energy intake and reduced energy expenditures. Furthermore, various structural environmental changes that have occurred since the 1980's have created an obesogenic environment with abundance of high-caloric density, low-quality food and under activity. All of this leads to increased body weight gain and a global public health problem--not only a distinct patient's disease that generally fails to respond to diets and/or increased activity. The structural environmental changes resulted from the unintended consequences of laws that created unregulated marketing and advertisements, food subsidies to a "food industrial complex" which manufactures obesogenic foods that foster addiction to its foodstuffs. Additionally, the economic policies implemented over the last 3 to 4 decades have produced a stagnation of income and wages for the preponderance of the population with major wealth disparities between the majority of people versus the top of the socioeconomic group. The current economic realities have resulted in altered family dynamics, eating habits, and food availability compared to previous generations. The root causes of the epidemic of obesity are governmental policies and the food industry which make obesity difficult to escape in the US and now worldwide.

  9. Finnish EPR Olkiluoto 3. The world's first third-generation reactor now under construction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2007-01-01

    The EPR was developed by Framatome and Siemens KWU (the nuclear division of Siemens), whose nuclear activities were combined in January 2001 to form Framatome ANP, now AREVA NP. The French electricity utility EDF (Electricite de France), together with the major German utilities, played an active role in the project. The safety authorities of the two countries joined forces to bring their respective safety standards into line and draw up joint design rules for the new reactor. On December 18, 2003, the consortium formed by AREVA and Siemens - and led by AREVA - signed a contract with TVO for the turnkey construction of the EPR. The overall Olkiluoto 3 project cost has been estimated by TVO at around euros 3 Billion. TVO is responsible for the overall project management and licensing process with the Finnish Safety Authority STUK. In the pre-qualification phase, STUK concluded that the EPR can meet the Finnish licensing requirements. All specific comments will be taken into account for the realization of the project. In January 2005, STUK emphasized in its safety assessment that the evolutionary EPR design compared to predecessor product lines has been further enhanced by AREVA. This paper presents first, The Finnish energy situation (Electricity consumption and supply, Finland's Kyoto CO 2 cutback, Competitiveness of nuclear power), and then the EPR in Olkiluoto (General schedule of responsibilities, Important milestones of the project). Finally, the EPR third-generation and advanced reactor is presented with its position in the international competition (Targeted design objectives, Main characteristics, competitiveness, safety, Additional measures to prevent the occurrence of events likely to damage the core, Increased protection against the consequences of core melt)

  10. Are breast cancer patients treated with radiotherapy younger now than ten years ago?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonet, Marta; Godoy, Pere; Cambra, Maria Jose; Mur, Encarna; Algara, Manel; Fernandez, Luis; Dalmau, Elsa; Arcusa, Àngels; Seguí, Miquel Àngel; Saigí, Eugeni; Gonzalez, Sònia; Cirera, Lluís; Solé, Josep Maria

    2014-01-01

    Aim The aim of the present study was to analyze the age of breast cancer patients managed with curative approach at the time of treatment with radiotherapy. Background Breast cancer is the most frequent neoplasm in women. Little is known with regard to the age of patients at diagnosis, and some authors have suggested that breast cancer is now affecting women who are younger than before. Materials and methods We performed a descriptive study of our series of breast cancer patients from 1998 to 2011. The age of patients, city of residence, year of treatment and uni- or bilateral location were extracted from the administrative database of the Radiation Oncology Department. The demographical and reference populational data were extracted from the Catalan Institute of Statistics. Results 3382 patients were obtained. The mean age was 57.79 years. No statistical differences were observed in the mean age during the period of study (p > 0.05), nor in patients with bilateral neoplasias with regard to unilateral tumours (p > 0.5). Patients aged less than 30, 40, 50 and 65 years were 0.3%, 6.3%, 27.0% and 69.1%, respectively. The proportion of patients aged less, equal or more than 40 and 50 years was not statistically different. Conclusions Breast cancer patients treated with adjuvant radiotherapy after radical surgery have not experienced significant changes in their mean age at treatment. The subgroups of patients that remain out of the mammographic screening programmes were unchanged as well. The observed differences can be explained by demographical disparities and by a probable increase in the indications for adjuvant radiotherapy. PMID:25535580

  11. All Together Now: Disentangling Semantics and Pragmatics withTogetherin Child and Adult Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Syrett, Kristen; Musolino, Julien

    The way in which an event is packaged linguistically can be informative about the number of participants in the event and the nature of their participation. At times, however, a sentence is ambiguous, and pragmatic information weighs in to favor one interpretation over another. Whereas adults may readily know how to pick up on such cues to meaning, children - who are generally naïve to such pragmatic nuances - may diverge and access a broader range of interpretations, or one disfavored by adults. A number of cases come to us from a now well-established body of research on scalar implicatures and scopal ambiguity. Here, we complement this previous work with a previously uninvestigated example of the semantic-pragmatic divide in language development arising from the interpretation of sentences with pluralities and together . Sentences such as Two boys lifted a block (together) allow for either a Collective or a Distributive interpretation (one pushing event vs. two spatiotemporally coordinated events). We show experimentally that children allow both interpretations in sentences with together , whereas adults rule out the Distributive interpretation without further contextual motivation. However, children appear to be guided by their semantics in the readings they access, since they do not allow readings that are semantically barred. We argue that they are unaware of the pragmatic information adults have at their fingertips, such as the conversational implicatures arising from the presence of a modifier, the probability of its occurrence being used to signal a particular interpretation among a set of alternatives, and knowledge of the possible lexical alternatives.

  12. Lean Now-Using a Research Community to Understand Change in the Aquisition Enterprise (Defense Acquisition Review Journal)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    2004-01-01

    Members of the Lean Aerospace Initiative (LAI) consortium have joined to pool experience and expertise to accelerate the adoption of Lean practices in military acquisition through an initiative called Lean Now...

  13. Opening remarks: welcome to the Allegheny National Forest; but will we be here 10 years from now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    John E. Palmer

    1997-01-01

    In our day-to-day struggles, we must keep our eyes on what is going on. The bottomline questions are, will we be harvesting timber 10 years from now, or will the Forest Service as an agency even exist 10 years from now? The author is not optimistic, but still holds some hope. That hope is in silviculturists and others who are willing to step forward and speak out....

  14. MeSH Now: automatic MeSH indexing at PubMed scale via learning to rank.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mao, Yuqing; Lu, Zhiyong

    2017-04-17

    MeSH indexing is the task of assigning relevant MeSH terms based on a manual reading of scholarly publications by human indexers. The task is highly important for improving literature retrieval and many other scientific investigations in biomedical research. Unfortunately, given its manual nature, the process of MeSH indexing is both time-consuming (new articles are not immediately indexed until 2 or 3 months later) and costly (approximately ten dollars per article). In response, automatic indexing by computers has been previously proposed and attempted but remains challenging. In order to advance the state of the art in automatic MeSH indexing, a community-wide shared task called BioASQ was recently organized. We propose MeSH Now, an integrated approach that first uses multiple strategies to generate a combined list of candidate MeSH terms for a target article. Through a novel learning-to-rank framework, MeSH Now then ranks the list of candidate terms based on their relevance to the target article. Finally, MeSH Now selects the highest-ranked MeSH terms via a post-processing module. We assessed MeSH Now on two separate benchmarking datasets using traditional precision, recall and F 1 -score metrics. In both evaluations, MeSH Now consistently achieved over 0.60 in F-score, ranging from 0.610 to 0.612. Furthermore, additional experiments show that MeSH Now can be optimized by parallel computing in order to process MEDLINE documents on a large scale. We conclude that MeSH Now is a robust approach with state-of-the-art performance for automatic MeSH indexing and that MeSH Now is capable of processing PubMed scale documents within a reasonable time frame. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/CBBresearch/Lu/Demo/MeSHNow/ .

  15. Safe operation of the NRU research reactor now and beyond 2021

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mistry, Sunjay

    2013-01-01

    This paper will describe the approach that has been taken by Atomic Energy of Canada Limited (AECL) to ensure that the National Research Universal (NRU) reactor designed in the 1940's continues to remain safe and reliable to operate now and for the near future (2021 and beyond). This paper focuses on two major projects, the NRU Upgrades Project undertaken in the 1990's and the Integrated Safety Review (ISR) resulting in the Integrated Implementation Plan (IIP) that is currently underway. Through the NRU Upgrades Project, AECL was able to identify areas for safety improvement and implement changes in the field. Following the NRU Upgrades Project, AECL was able to demonstrate that for design basis accidents that the reactor was able to meet the four basic safety requirements namely:- · It shall be possible to shut down the reactor and maintain it in that state indefinitely; · The capability of removing decay heat from the fuel during this shut down period shall be maintained; · The confinement structure shall continue to be capable of limiting radioactivity release; and · Continuous monitoring of reactor safety functions shall remain available. The NRU Upgrades Project enabled AECL to continue to operate the NRU reactor beyond the year 2000 but it was recognised in 2008 that if operations were to continue up to and beyond 2021 then another assessment was warranted. This assessment resulted in the ISR project. The ISR project consisted of reviewing the NRU design against current codes and standards and, where applicable, addressing gaps identified. This project identified not only gaps in the analysis basis for NRU, it also identified the need to replace ageing equipment that was reaching the end of its design life. The findings of the ISR project have been captured in the IIP; IIP has enabled AECL to prioritise equipment replacement to enable continued safe and reliable operation of the NRU reactor beyond 2021. The paper demonstrates that, in order to safely

  16. Then and Now: Women Respond to the Manhattan Project - an illustrated talk

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fermi, M. A., Olivia

    2014-03-01

    I am very much looking forward to visiting you, the family of physicists gathering for your annual APS conference. In different ways, my grandfather Enrico Fermi is a member of both our families. In this sense we are connected and share a common legacy, which I want to explore from the angle of two women inextricably involved with and affected by the Manhattan Project. One from the past and one alive now. These two women, despite a significant temporal and cultural gap share a remarkable number of traits and values. My talk will not offer a particular thesis or finding. Rather it will be about ways of seeing, including questioning unnoticed assumptions and belief systems. My grandmother Laura Fermi, modeled this for me as a youngster. She was at Enrico's side during the Manhattan Project years, yet in the dark about his work. What was it like to live in a climate of intellectually and patriotically charged enthusiasm, with an undercurrent of unspoken dread? Laura, just like most everyone else, discovered the true nature of the effort on the day the atomic bomb was dropped on Hiroshima. After the war and after Enrico's untimely death in 1954, in response to all she had experienced, Laura re-invented herself as an author and visionary, pioneering in both the environmental and handgun control movements. Marian Naranjo lives on the Santa Clara Pueblo near Los Alamos. Her ancestors dwelled on the Pajarito Plateau which encompasses the space where Los Alamos National Labs (LANL) is today. Her people, the Pueblo People have used the area's natural resources for ceremonial and survival for uncountable generations. They say, ``We are this place.'' What is it like to live on land one's families have safely occupied for thousands of years, with an undercurrent of dread at the prospect of toxic waste stream products from LANL? Like my grandmother did in her place and time, Marian builds community as an integral part of her environmental and social justice activism. She is

  17. Hematocrit alters VerifyNow P2Y12 assay results independently of intrinsic platelet reactivity and clopidogrel responsiveness.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kakouros, N; Kickler, T S; Laws, K M; Rade, J J

    2013-10-01

    The VerifyNow P2Y12 assay assesses the adequacy of clopidogrel therapy by measuring ADP-induced platelet activation in whole blood. Low hematocrit is associated with high clopidogrel on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) defined by this assay. To characterize the effect of hematocrit on VerifyNow values and determine if it is due to hematocrit-dependent changes in intrinsic platelet reactivity or an in vitro assay phenomenon. Adenosine diphosphate-induced platelet activation was measured using the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay, whole blood impedance and light transmission platelet aggregometry (LTA) before and after clopidogrel loading in 113 patients undergoing elective cardiac catheterization. Iso-TRAP-induced platelet activation was additionally measured using the VerifyNow device. Multivariate modeling employing clinical and laboratory variables was used to investigate the association between hematocrit and VerifyNow values. VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction units (PRU) and iso-TRAP Base units before and after clopidogrel loading, but not their relative change, exhibited strong negative correlation with hematocrit (P ≤ 0.0005 for both). While hematocrit remained a strong predictor of post-clopidogrel PRU (P = 0.001) in multivariate modeling, it was independent of post-clopidogrel ADP-induced platelet reactivity as measured by LTA (P = 0.001). Correcting for the effects of hematocrit resulted in a 15-39% reduction in the prevalence of HTPR defined by thresholds of 208-236 PRU. The effect of hematocrit on VerifyNow PRU values is an in vitro phenomenon that is independent of intrinsic change in ADP-induced platelet reactivity and clopidogrel responsiveness. Correcting for hematocrit when using this assay may more accurately identify patients with HTPR that may benefit from alternative antiplatelet therapy. © 2013 International Society on Thrombosis and Haemostasis.

  18. Great Times Now and In the Future For Telescopes Afar in Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pennypacker, Carlton

    2011-03-01

    substantial GHOU program is now being mounted in Chile, for instance, with a 30-teacher workshop held the first week of this January, good participation by Chilean and International Universities, research, and education organizations. Our GHOU educators are selfless and share everything, including curricula, software, training, other materials, and themselves. For example this spring, teachers from France will fly to Paranal with their students, and train Chilean teachers on Black Holes in galaxies and measuring exo-planets, all with real .fts image, on their way to the VLT! Finally, I describe a collaborating group with GHOU, the International Asteroid Search "IASC" (led by GHOU'er Patrick Miller of Hardin Simmons University) -- IASC has found phenomenal success with enabling students to discover asteroids, with approximately 50 to 100 asteroids a year being discovered by this group of international teachers and students.

  19. Achieving a milestone: AMOR is now archived in Portico and indexed in CAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.N Sugitha Nadarajah

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available The journal of Advances in Modern Oncology Research (AMOR is proud to announce its partnership with Portico, a leading digital preservation service provider, to ensure the long term accessibility of its published contents. In addition, it is now indexed by the gold standard of chemical information database Chemical Abstracts Services (CAS after publishing only six bimonthly issues, dating back to October 2015. AMOR’s Editor-in-Chief Dr. Omar Abdel-Rahman proudly shares: “Our vision is to be far more than just a journal, we want to be a platform that publishes high quality cancer research contents from all over the world. I think we are progressing, at an acceptable pace, in that direction."The Portico archive is a “centralized repository of tens of thousands of e-journals, e-books, and other electronic content, replicated to ensure security,” according to the registry organization. “Content comes into the archive under formal preservation agreements with publishers. Content providers submit source files to Portico, and we repackage these source files into an archival format and provide long-term archival management and format migration as needed. Our approach is driven by our commitment to meeting clear preservation goals,” it states. AMOR’s Managing Editor Dr. TS Jong, when asked to comment about the impact of this development, adds: “AMOR is committed towards meeting the highest international publication standards and as such, has a clear archiving and indexing roadmap to sustain our growth. The journal acknowledges the importance of ensuring the continuous accessibility of our published articles in multiple repositories. Therefore, we are delighted with the recent partnership between AMOR and Portico, a well-known third-party repository service provider, to safeguard the long-term availability of our contents.”Archiving AMOR’s articles within Portico ensures that the materials published are always available for access. In

  20. NucNet's growing impact on the media - Now the official figures

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ashton, Jack; Lewis, Chris

    1998-01-01

    Net's impact on the news media has had to be almost completely anecdotal. Now, thanks to a comparatively new database search facility, the NucNet Central Office team is able to track instances in which NucNet has been quoted as the source for a news story or magazine article. The database is run by Reuters, but contains information from a wide range of other news sources, such as national news agencies and major national newspapers. A search of the database, carried out on December 10th 1997, produced 42 cases of NucNet being quoted by name over the previous three years. There were five in 1995, 13 in 1996, and 24 in 1997. No fewer than 15 of the 24 cases in 1997 occurred in the preceding six months. It takes no great mathematician to see that each annual figure is roughly double that of the preceding 12-month period. We can at least see every instance of NucNet being quoted by Reuters, but this of course does not cover the other major international news agencies, such as the Associated Press, UPI and AFP. This underlines the fact that NucNet Central Office and the NucNet Board rely heavily on individual network members spontaneously reporting examples of media use. The results obtained recently, showing regular and fairly frequent use by Reuters and the print media, but the figures do not give the full picture. If the database, known as Reuters Business Briefing, acts as some sort of barometer measuring NucNet's impact on the news media, we cannot say exactly what the weather is like - but at least we can say that the barometer reading is on the increase. And for once we can give definite figures. (author)

  1. Zaburzenia używania alkoholu: Czy nowe kryteria diagnostyczne implikują zmianę strategii terapeutycznych?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Samochowiec

    2015-03-01

    As regards studies on the effectiveness of treatment, issues such as the understanding of addiction mechanisms, basic assumptions and the aims pursued are now being redefined and new treatment strategies are being sought including, presented in this paper, modular psychotherapy utilizing personal resources available and therapy based on harm reduction strategies as well as new pharmacological treatment proposals.

  2. O Brave New World, without Those Levels In't: Where Now for Key Stage 3 Assessment in History?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fordham, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Although history teachers have long been frustrated by the limitations of the National Curriculum Attainment Target and by demands to use it for purposes for which it was never intended, its official abolition has come as quite a shock. As Michael Fordham makes clear, we now have an unparalleled opportunity to rethink the way in which we assess…

  3. Addressing Early Warning Indicators: Interim Impact Findings from the Investing in Innovation (i3) Evaluation of Diplomas Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Corrin, William; Sepanik, Susan; Rosen, Rachel; Shane, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    Diplomas Now is a partnership of three national organizations--Talent Development Secondary, City Year, and Communities In Schools--collaborating in an effort to transform urban secondary schools so that fewer students drop out and more graduate ready for postsecondary education and work. With the goal of a continuous system of support through…

  4. Examining the Average Citation Index of "Education in Rural Australia" (Now the "Australian and International Journal of Rural Education")

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drummond, Aaron; Halsey, R. John

    2013-01-01

    The journal "Education in Rural Australia" (now the "Australian and International Journal of Rural Education") has been in existence since 1991. During the Excellence in Research Australia (ERA) period, the journal maintained a B ranking, indicating that it was a quality journal within a specialised field. With the abolishment…

  5. Studies in the genus Riccia (Marchantiales from southern Africa. 22. R. rubricollis, now validated, typified and described

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. M. Perold

    1991-09-01

    Full Text Available Riccia rubricollis is a very rare endemic species, only known from a few collections by Duthie at Knysna. Unfortunately she and Garside did not publish anything on it, and Arnell's (1963 description has neither a Latin diagnosis nor was a type specimen cited. These omissions have now been rectified here, following the recent rediscovery of Duthie's collections at BOL.

  6. Wind Power Now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inglis, David Rittenhouse

    1975-01-01

    The government promotes and heavily subsidizes research in nuclear power plants. Federal development of wind power is slow in comparison even though much research with large wind-electric machines has already been conducted. Unless wind power programs are accelerated it will not become a major energy alternative to nuclear power. (MR)

  7. Food irradiation now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    From the start the Netherlands has made an important contribution to the irradiation of food through microbiological and toxicological research as well as through the setting-up of a pilot plant by the government and through the practical application of 'Gammaster' on a commercial basis. The proceedings of this tenth anniversary symposium of 'Gammaster' present all aspects of food irradiation and will undoubtedly help to remove the many misunderstandings. They offer information and indicate to the potential user a method that can make an important contribution to the prevention of decay and spoilage of foodstuffs and to the exclusion of food-borne infections and food poisoning in man. The book includes 8 contributions and 4 panel discussions in the field of microbiology; technology; legal aspects; and consumer aspects of food irradiation. As an appendix, the report 'Wholesomeness of irradiated food' of a joint FAO/IAEA/WHO Expert Committee has been added. (orig./G.J.P.)

  8. Why This Now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fausing, Bent

    2016-01-01

    There is a close relationship between the screen emergence and formation of the self, the modern self-reflective individual. The context is reflected most recently via selfies, images of the self taken with a smartphone or digital camera and posted on a social media. We are created all the time t...

  9. Greek architecture now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skousbøll, Karin Merete

    2006-01-01

    With the author's Scandinavian viewpoint the aim of this book has been an investigation into contemporary Greek architecture and at the same time providing an understanding for its essential characteristics based on the historic, cultural heritage of Hellas....

  10. These signs here now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raudaskoski, Pirkko Liisa

    1995-01-01

    Hallidays (1984) formulations of systemic-functional linguistics together with Hodge and Kress' (1988) social semiotics share the assumption that signs are not arbitrary: People make choices out of a web of possible constructions or expressions, and those choices can be shown to be motivated. Con...

  11. Arthur Prior and 'Now'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Jørgensen, Klaus Frovin

    2016-01-01

    On the 4th of December 1967, Hans Kamp sent his UCLA seminar notes on the logic of ‘now’ to Arthur N. Prior. Kamp’s two-dimensional analysis stimulated Prior to an intense burst of creativity in which he sought to integrate Kamp’s work into tense logic using a one-dimensional approach. Prior...... to a one-dimensional tense logic containing the ‘now’ operator J. Drawing on material from the Prior archive, and the paper “‘Now”’ that detailed Prior’s findings, we retell this story. We focus on Prior’s completeness conjecture for the hybrid system and the role played by temporal reference....

  12. Cosmology Then and Now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Novikov, I.D.

    1999-01-01

    In this talk a brief survey has been carried out on the development of cosmology from the days Leopold Infeld was active in the field up to the present. Attention in particular is paid to the history of our knowledge of Hubble's expansion, of the cosmological constant, of the average density of matter and its distribution, and of the related issue of possible types of matter in the Universe. (author)

  13. Censorship, Then and Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Anne

    2018-03-01

    As I was thinking about a topic for this editorial, news and social media outlets exploded with the announcement that employees at the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) had been instructed to not use any of seven words or phrases in budget documents (diversity, transgender, fetus, unborn child, vulnerable, evidence-
based, and science-based). To say that this hit a nerve is an understatement. My Twitter feed and email inbox filled with messages of outrage and concern, and I must admit I was swept up in the outpouring of anger. A call went out for editors of nursing journals to write editorials about this, and I was ready to do just that. 
.

  14. Now Open for Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansson de Silva, Sara; Kokko, Ari; Norberg, Hanna

    The importance of the private sector for economic development is undisputable. Private actors - whether we talk about firms or other organizations - are an essential part of the web that forms a wellfunctioning society. However, the role of the private sector in development cooperation is more...... disputed, from proponents’ claim that supporting the growth and development of (formal) business is at the heart of what aid should do to antagonists’ view that aid could and should be used better than to increase profits for business. The present report is not about private sector development in partner...... countries per se. It studies the extent to which actors in the business sector can act as partners in development cooperation to help fulfil the objectives of aid. In the report, Sara Johansson de Silva, Ari Kokko, and Hanna Norberg map out the extent of, and analyse the potential development gains from...

  15. Now It's Personal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wilson, Douglas; Sicart (Vila), Miguel Angel

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, we introduce the concept of abusive game design as an attitude towards creating games – an aesthetic practice that operates as a critique of certain conventionalisms in popular game design wisdom. We emphasize that abusive game design is, at its core, about spotlighting the dialogic...

  16. Where is God Now?

    OpenAIRE

    Henry, Martin

    2013-01-01

    This article raises the question whether Christianity might itself, at least in part, be responsible for the modern waning of belief in God because of its New Testament teaching, unlike that of the Old Testament, that God is ‘love.’ After examining whether the Bible does in fact present two incompatible views of God, the article looks at some signs of how the traditional Western view of God might be changing, in response to modern sensibilities. It concludes by considerin...

  17. What Now? / Karlis Streips

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Streips, Karlis

    2011-01-01

    Autor usub, et Läti rahvas nõustub president Valdis Zatlersi ettepanekuga parlament laiali saata ja mõtiskleb selle üle, mida teeb parlament enne valimisi ning millega hakkab tegelema Valdis Zatlers pärast ametiaja lõppu

  18. Why Ranciere Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tanke, Joseph J.

    2010-01-01

    This essay introduces readers to the work of Jacques Ranciere and demonstrates how his thinking on art and politics can help alleviate certain impasses within contemporary aesthetic and political theory. Exploiting untranslated sources, I present Ranciere's recent work as responding to predispositions within the theory and practice of art that…

  19. Energy problems - what now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Basler, K.

    1978-01-01

    In the paper presented to a meeting of the Zurich society of engineers are architects (Zuericher Ingenieur- und Architektenverein) technical, economical and political aspects of energy conservation are discussed. It is shown how the choice between available technological options is influenced by socioligical and political interests. It is suggested that in spite of these difficulties it should be possible to take early measures anticipating future world-wide energy deficiency. (S.R.)

  20. Performance and Philosophy Now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tasoula Kallenou

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Was Plato the first philosophical dramatist to explore philosophical ideas through dramatic content, introducing dramatic structures currently in line with contemporary theatre? If Plato was an influential figure for philosophers as well as theatre-makers, it can arguably be said that he was a silent pioneer in creating the newly defined discipline of Performance Philosophy. There is an obvious polarity between performance and philosophy since both disciplines are on the quest of exploring and presenting what life is. At least this can be said of ancient Greek and Roman philosophy. Conceived as “biou techne” the art of living, Greek and Roman philosophers, especially the Epicureans, Stoics and Skeptics, saw philosophy as a way of conceiving what a good life is (a life worth living and pursuing its practical realization for the attainment of eudemonia. Plato was arguably the first significant philosopher to explore philosophical ideas through dramatic content, introducing dramatic structures currently in line with contemporary theatre views. As such, he can be seen as an influential figure for theatre makers as well as for philosophers. Plato’s artistic intention was to uncover the artist that lacked substance and support the knowledgeable creative philosophical mind that besides instant emotional pleasure has to contribute in social development.

  1. Energy : branch out now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lebel, J.; Pluvinage, S

    2008-01-01

    This articled proposed the use of renewable energy sources to address the challenge of increasing energy demand and concerns about greenhouse gas emissions and climate change. Hydrocarbon exploitation is expected to peak by 2030, and while coal is still abundant, pollution increases with its utilization. The authors discussed the feasibility of using waste heat from industry to heat buildings. Solutions for urban traffic control were also discussed with reference to high quality public transportation, bicycle and pedestrian paths, and car pooling. Plans are underway to have about 20 hydrogen buses in circulation during the 2010 Olympic games in Whistler, British Columbia. Windpower has also become a major contender as a viable energy source, particularly with new technologies that have helped to maintain the efficiency of wind turbines. This article also discussed the use of biofuels derived from living matter. Bioenergy can be exploited from agricultural, forest or aquatic biomass. This biomass can be used to produce fuels or electricity. On a short term basis, the objective is to improve the yield of biogas, such as methane, from organic matter. The viability of deep geothermal energy was also discussed along with solar energy. Ideally, solar energy combines 3 types of technologies, notably passive, thermal and photovoltaic energy. Flexibility and affordability of materials are needed to facilitate the widespread commercialization of solar energy. The article concluded with a review of nuclear energy, which has been touted as the solution to climate change because it emits very few greenhouse gases and other atmospheric pollutants. 15 figs

  2. Now Presenting …

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Erik

    2014-01-01

    Despite all the speaking that students do in class, they don't speak all that well. We sit through mediocre book reports and think, "Oh well, that's just how kids speak." We post a video to YouTube with students speaking poorly and kid ourselves by saying, "Hey, that's authentic speech!" Daily, we accept oral…

  3. Solar Energy Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rose, Harvey, Ed.

    Twenty articles addressing different aspects of solar energy are compiled in this book. They represent the views of different governmental and non-governmental organizations, members of congress, and other individuals including, for example, Barry Commoner and Amory Lovins. Topics discussed include the need for federal support, passive solar…

  4. Telepsychiatry: Now and Here!

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ufuk Bal

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Telepsychiatry is an application brought out by modern day health system, and beneficial both to the patient and clinician. In recent years, growing usage of portable computers and development of secure communication systems has paved the way for telepsychiatry undertaking in desired place and time. The acceleration of telepsychiatry will increase in proportion to the development of adequate technology, making of legal arrangements, and ensuring the satisfaction of patients, psychiatrists and third companies. Taking into account the experiences acquired thus far, changing economical and social parameters, as well as expectations of growing health care system; clinicians are well advised to prepare for an adaptive platform designed for telepsychiatry in near future. [Psikiyatride Guncel Yaklasimlar - Current Approaches in Psychiatry 2015; 7(2: 136-148

  5. Epidemiology: Then and Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuller, Lewis H

    2016-03-01

    Twenty-five years ago, on the 75th anniversary of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health, I noted that epidemiologic research was moving away from the traditional approaches used to investigate "epidemics" and their close relationship with preventive medicine. Twenty-five years later, the role of epidemiology as an important contribution to human population research, preventive medicine, and public health is under substantial pressure because of the emphasis on "big data," phenomenology, and personalized medical therapies. Epidemiology is the study of epidemics. The primary role of epidemiology is to identify the epidemics and parameters of interest of host, agent, and environment and to generate and test hypotheses in search of causal pathways. Almost all diseases have a specific distribution in relation to time, place, and person and specific "causes" with high effect sizes. Epidemiology then uses such information to develop interventions and test (through clinical trials and natural experiments) their efficacy and effectiveness. Epidemiology is dependent on new technologies to evaluate improved measurements of host (genomics), epigenetics, identification of agents (metabolomics, proteomics), new technology to evaluate both physical and social environment, and modern methods of data collection. Epidemiology does poorly in studying anything other than epidemics and collections of numerators and denominators without specific hypotheses even with improved statistical methodologies. © The Author 2015. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of the Johns Hopkins Bloomberg School of Public Health. All rights reserved. For permissions, please e-mail: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  6. Apocalypse now? not yet

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1999-01-01

    Physicists have proved that the fears that the new Brookhaven collider could generate destructive particles, are unfounded. They have shown that the density at the very moment of the collision will be far less than what is required to produce a black hole (by a factor 10 60 ). Another fear was the production of negative balls made up of strange quarks. This kind of quark ball would quickly grow up by absorbing any nearby positive nucleus. According to physicists this danger is not real because if such a strange quark cluster could exist, it would be necessarily positive and then harmless. (A.C.)

  7. Beat Procrastination--Now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bakunas, Boris

    2001-01-01

    Procrastinators harbor unrealistic attitudes that promote needless delay and engender obstructive feelings such as performance anxiety, low frustration tolerance, and resentment. Common procrastination pitfalls include escapism, overpreparation, overwork, overcommitment, poor work conditions, and rationalization. Planning and prioritizing helps…

  8. Greek architecture now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skousbøll, Karin Merete

    2006-01-01

    With the author's Scandinavian viewpoint the aim of this book has been an investigation into contemporary Greek architecture and at the same time providing an understanding for its essential characteristics based on the historic, cultural heritage of Hellas.......With the author's Scandinavian viewpoint the aim of this book has been an investigation into contemporary Greek architecture and at the same time providing an understanding for its essential characteristics based on the historic, cultural heritage of Hellas....

  9. TICKETS ARE NOW AVAILABLE!

    CERN Multimedia

    2000-01-01

    Replay of the Rudra-Béjart Ballet for the CERN Staff on Tuesday 5 December 2000 at 8.00 pm sharp at the Geneva ARENA This private performance will be given for you. It will last longer than the original performance at CERN: 1 hour 20 instead of 35 minutes. I encourage you all to attend this performance-bring in great numbers yourselves, members of your family, and your friends. 2,020 places are available, for which tickets will be obtained from Monday 27 November at the Staff Association Secretariat, whom I sincerely thank for having kindly accepted to distribute the tickets. To regulate the distribution, a contribution of 5 francs will be asked for each ticket: this sum is symbolic, as I intend this ballet-representation foremost as a recognition by CERN of its gratitude to you. Luciano Maiani Director-General               Dancing,      &n...

  10. The decorative arts within art historical discourse: where is the dialogue now and where is it heading?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christina M. Anderson

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Report on the panel held in New York in 2013 titled ‘The Decorative Arts Within Art Historical Discourse: Where is the Dialogue Now and Where is It Heading?’ at the College Art Association annual meeting. The essay sets out the parameters for the conference, elucidates which texts have played important roles in the formation of the discourse to date and gives précises of the papers that were delivered at the conference along with their varying viewpoints.

  11. Performance of BinaxNOW G6PD deficiency point-of-care diagnostic in P. vivax-infected subjects.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio, Lyda; Carter, Nick; Arthur, Preetam; Bancone, Germana; Gopalan, Sowmya; Gupta, Sandeep K; Noedl, Harald; Kochar, Sanjay K; Kochar, Dhanpat K; Krudsood, Srivicha; Lacerda, Marcus V; Llanos-Cuentas, Alejandro; Rueangweerayut, Ronnatrai; Srinivasan, Ramadurai; Treiber, Moritz; Möhrle, Jörg J; Green, Justin

    2015-01-01

    Accurate diagnosis of glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase (G6PD) deficiency is required to avoid the risk of acute hemolysis associated with 8-aminoquinoline treatment. The performance of the BinaxNOW G6PD test compared with the quantitative spectrophotometric analysis of G6PD activity was assessed in 356 Plasmodium vivax-infected subjects in Brazil, Peru, Thailand, and India. In the quantitative assay, the median G6PD activity was 8.81 U/g hemoglobin (range = 0.05-20.19), with 11 (3%) subjects identified as deficient. Sensitivity of the BinaxNOW G6PD to detect deficient subjects was 54.5% (6 of 11), and specificity was 100% (345 of 345). Room temperatures inadvertently falling outside the range required to perform the rapid test (18-25°C) together with subtlety of color change and insufficient training could partially explain the low sensitivity found. Ensuring safe use of 8-aminoquinolines depends on additional development of simple, highly sensitive G6PD deficiency diagnostic tests suitable for routine use in malaria-endemic areas. © The American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.

  12. "Now if you have only sons you are dead": migration, gender, and family economy in twentieth century northwestern Ghana.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abdul-Korah, Gariba B

    2011-01-01

    This article explores the interconnectedness between labor migration, gender, and the family economy in northwestern Ghana in the 20th century. It focuses specifically on the Dagaaba of the Nadowli and Jirapa administrative districts of what is now the Upper West Region (UWR). It examines how the relationships between men and women in terms of roles, status, access to productive resources and inheritance, changed in tandem with broader changes in society in the 20th century; changes that over time produced enhanced value and elevated status for women in the family. These changes in gender relations are reflected increasingly in the belief among elderly men that ‘now if you have only sons, you are dead’. By focusing on the lived experiences of ordinary women and men in the migration process, it argues that even though indigenous social structures privileged men over women in almost all spheres of life, Dagaaba women were nonetheless significantly active in shaping the history of their communities and that gender relations in Dagaaba communities were not static — they changed over time and generation. This article contributes to the ongoing discussion of the internal migration phenomenon in West Africa, which has so far attracted scant historical analysis.

  13. Royalty rules : Alberta producers are now beholden to formal regulations for reporting royalty payments to government levy collectors

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cook, D.

    2006-01-01

    The Petroleum Marketing Regulation was established by the Alberta Department of Energy in July 2005 in order to clarify the rules governing conventional crude oil royalties. The regulation provides an incentive for industry to comply with the long-existing oil royalty reporting requirements through the addition of non-compliance penalties. An initial shadow billing system has been implemented to give industry the opportunity to understand their responsibilities and implement procedures to correct reporting and delivery inaccuracies. Battery operators in Alberta must now submit a royalty report to the Alberta Petroleum Marketing Commission on a monthly basis. The regulation provides provisions for interest charges on outstanding invoiced amounts, and formalizes existing eligibility requirements for the reimbursement of trucking costs associated with transporting the Crown's share. Penalties will be incurred if royalty reports contain erroneous information, or if the actual deliveries made are less than the prescribed royalty quantity. All penalties levied by the commission will now be sent to the battery operator in a monthly statement. Battery operators who wish to appeal their penalties may do so within 2 months after the date of the monthly statement. It was concluded that industry is not expected to experience any significant problems when the regulation comes into effect, as the 6 month shadow billing period will allow companies to make a smooth transition to the requirements of the new regulation. Details of information sessions for the new regulation were provided, as well as details of various non-compliance penalties. 1 fig

  14. Středomořské importy z oppida Třísov. Nálezy z povrchové prospekce s detektory kovů z let 2007-2013

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kysela, J.; Danielisová, Alžběta; Militký, Jiří

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 66, č. 4 (2014), s. 567-608 ISSN 0323-1267 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP405/10/1588; GA ČR GA13-24707S Institutional support: RVO:67985912 Keywords : oppida * late La Tène period * mediterranean imports * metal vessels Subject RIV: AC - Archeology, Anthropology, Ethnology

  15. Srovnání různých materiálů používaných jako detektory stop v pevné fázi

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Pachnerová Brabcová, Kateřina; Ambrožová, Iva; Mrázová, Zlata; Spurný, František

    2011-01-01

    Roč. 19, 9/10 (2011), s. 269-273 ISSN 1210-7085. [Dny radiační ochrany /32./. Třeboň, 08.11.2010-12.11.2010] R&D Projects: GA AV ČR KJB100480901; GA ČR GA205/09/0171; GA AV ČR IAA100480902 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10480505 Keywords : track - etched detectors * PADC * LET spectrometry Subject RIV: BG - Nuclear, Atomic and Molecular Physics, Colliders

  16. ‘Right now, Sophie *swims in the pool?!’: Brain potentials of grammatical aspect processing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monique eFlecken

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available We investigated whether brain potentials of grammatical aspect processing resemble semantic or morpho-syntactic processing, or whether they instead are characterized by an entirely distinct pattern in the same individuals. We studied aspect from the perspective of agreement between the temporal information in the context (temporal adverbials, e.g., Right now and a morpho-syntactic marker of grammatical aspect (e.g., progressive is swimming. Participants read questions providing a temporal context that was progressive (What is Sophie doing in the pool right now? or habitual (What does Sophie do in the pool every Monday?. Following a lead-in sentence context such as Right now, Sophie…, we measured ERPs time-locked to verb phrases in four different conditions, e.g., (a is swimming (control; (b *is cooking (semantic violation; (c *are swimming (morpho-syntactic violation; or (d?swims (aspect mismatch; …in the pool. The collected ERPs show typical N400 and P600 effects for semantics and morpho-syntax, while aspect processing elicited an Early Negativity (250-350 ms. The aspect-related Negativity was short-lived and had a central scalp distribution with an anterior onset. This differentiates it not only from the semantic N400 effect, but also from the typical (LAN (Left Anterior Negativity, that is frequently reported for various types of agreement processing. Moreover, aspect processing was not accompanied by a clear P600 modulation.We argue that the specific context for each item in this experiment provided a trigger for agreement checking with temporal information encoded on the verb, i.e., morphological aspect marking. The aspect-related Negativity obtained for aspect agreement mismatches reflects a violated expectation concerning verbal inflection (in the example above, the expected verb phrase was Sophie is X-ing rather than Sophie X-s in condition d. The absence of an additional P600 for aspect processing suggests that the mismatch did not

  17. Sleep Now in The Fire: An Analysis of A Song by Rage Against The Machine Using Marxism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Azis Turhan Kariko

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Rage against the Machine is known for their politics as well as their music, which the later helped creating an aggressive-heavy rock-rap genre. Article presents a song by Rage against the Machine band related to ideological movement in America, titled Sleep Now in the Fire. This effort brings an understanding of ideology that is embraced by the band. The method is through literature study. Presentation begins with a short biography of the band, theoretical concepts, and analysis of the song as well its music video. It is concluded that the song represents ideological criticism toward capitalism using Marxism. Both of these lyric and music video represents Marxism as it shares the same movement to fight capitalism—which in this case, Rage against the Machine is using their music, lyric, and video to fight the crime against humanity and cultural imperialism. 

  18. First-Principles Computed Rate Constant for the O + O2 Isotopic Exchange Reaction Now Matches Experiment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guillon, Grégoire; Honvault, Pascal; Kochanov, Roman; Tyuterev, Vladimir

    2018-04-19

    We show, by performing exact time-independent quantum molecular scattering calculations, that the quality of the ground electronic state global potential energy surface appears to be of utmost importance in accurately obtaining even as strongly averaged quantities as kinetic rate constants. The oxygen isotope exchange reaction, 18 O + 32 O 2 , motivated by the understanding of a complex long-standing problem of isotopic ozone anomalies in the stratosphere and laboratory experiments, is explored in this context. The thermal rate constant for this key reaction is now in quantitative agreement with all experimental data available to date. A significant recent progress at the frontier of three research domains, advanced electronic structure calculations, ultrasensitive spectroscopy, and quantum scattering calculations, has therefore permitted a breakthrough in the theoretical modeling of this crucial collision process from first principles.

  19. Evaluating change in attitude towards mathematics using the 'then-now' procedure in a cooperative learning programme.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townsend, Michael; Wilton, Keri

    2003-12-01

    Tertiary students' attitudes to mathematics are frequently negative and resistant to change, reflecting low self-efficacy. Some educators believe that greater use should be made of small group, collaborative teaching. However, the results of such interventions should be subject to assessments of bias caused by a shift in the frame of reference used by students in reporting their attitudes. This study was designed to assess whether traditional pretest-post-test procedures would indicate positive changes in mathematics attitude during a programme of cooperative learning, and whether an examination of any attitudinal change using the 'then-now' procedure would indicate bias in the results due to a shift in the internal standards for expressing attitude. Participants were 141 undergraduate students enrolled in a 12-week statistics and research design component of a course in educational psychology. Using multivariate procedures, pretest, post-test, and then-test measures of mathematics self-concept and anxiety were examined in conjunction with a cooperative learning approach to teaching. Significant positive changes between pretest and post-test were found for both mathematics self-concept and mathematics anxiety. There were no significant differences between the actual pretest and retrospective pretest measures of attitude. The results were not moderated by prior level of mathematics study. Conclusions about the apparent effectiveness of a cooperative learning programme were strengthened by the use of the retrospective pretest procedure.

  20. Nonobstructive Hypertrophic Cardiomyopathy Out of the Shadows: Known from the Beginning but Largely Ignored … Until Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maron, Barry J; Rowin, Ethan J; Maron, Martin S; Braunwald, Eugene

    2017-02-01

    Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy was first recognized as a disease of obstruction to left ventricular outflow, hence, its early names and acronyms such as idiopathic hypertrophic subaortic obstruction. The nonobstructive subset of patients, incapable of developing mechanical impedance to left ventricular outflow at rest or with physiologic exercise, was initially recognized by the Braunwald group at the National Institutes of Health >50 years ago in the preimaging era, and is now recognized as comprising about one-third of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy patients. Nevertheless, until recently, and for 25 years, this substantial patient subset has been largely ignored and incompletely understood in terms of its clinical significance and consequences. However, the newfound interest in nonobstructive hypertrophic cardiomyopathy with recent cohort data permits more robust clarity of this subset, as well as the overall disease spectrum. As a group, patients with nonobstructive disease experience a largely stable clinical course at relatively low risk for progressive heart failure symptoms to New York Heart Association class III/IV in (90%). On the other hand, there is a small but important subgroup of 10% at risk for developing drug-refractory advanced heart failure sufficient to justify consideration for heart transplant as the only definitive treatment option. This recognition closes a significant gap in understanding the natural history of hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, also underscoring that the disease is not uniformly grim but instead consistent with extended longevity, thereby providing many patients with a measure of reassurance. Copyright © 2016. Published by Elsevier Inc.

  1. The OHS-0-0-3 form on “Identification of occupational hazards” is now available on EDH

    CERN Multimedia

    HSE Unit

    2013-01-01

    The EDH version of the OHS-0-0-3 "Identification of occupational hazards" form is now available at the following link: https://edh.cern.ch/apps/OHS.   Please remember that this form is an essential support tool for the identification of occupational hazards that employed members of the CERN personnel are exposed to during their professional activities. It serves to identify a possible need for safety training and individual protective equipment and as a guide for the CERN Medical Service for the medical follow-up of the employed members of the CERN personnel.  Whenever there is a change in working conditions and at least once a year during the MARS exercise, the supervisor and supervisee must perform a joint analysis of the supervisee’s working conditions. Following this joint analysis, a short and clear summary of the supervisees' main activities has to be written and the hazards that the supervisee is exposed to during her/his professional activit...

  2. From Epicurus to Maslow: Happiness Then and Now and the Place of the Human Being in Social Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerald Gutenschwager

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Protagoras said, "The human being is the measure of all things". This implies, among other things, that language, science and religion are human inventions, as are economics, money, efficiency, race, conflict, etc. As symbol-using animals, we have created these concepts to serve our purposes. But as our societies have increased in size and our concepts have become more abstract, there is a danger that we will forget our authorship and reify these symbols. This inhibits change in the way we name things, so we are always in danger of misunderstanding the reality we are describing. We seem to be at such a stage now as we employ 18th and 19th century theories to describe and, more importantly, create 21st century reality. One such idea has to do with human needs. Influenced by the abstract (economic concepts we use, we have lost our sense of what we truly need. Epicurus and Maslow may help to review and reassess those concepts. Epicurus, by suggesting that our material needs are quite simple but that emotional and spiritual need satisfaction requires a small scale loving community, free from fear, and Maslow, by suggesting that our emotional development is age-related, which, besides therapy, may help in suggesting revisions in socioeconomic theory that would ensure the social conditions that would allow this development to take place successfully.

  3. Two Decades of “Horse Sweat” Taint and Brettanomyces Yeasts in Wine: Where do We Stand Now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Malfeito-Ferreira

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The unwanted modification of wine sensory attributes by yeasts of the species Brettanomyces bruxellensis due to the production of volatile phenols is presently the main microbiological threat to red wine quality. The effects of ethylphenols and other metabolites on wine flavor is now recognized worldwide and the object of lively debate. The focus of this review is to provide an update of the present knowledge and practice on the prevention of this problem in the wine industry. Brettanomyces bruxellensis, or its teleomorph, Dekkera bruxellensis, are rarely found in the natural environment and, although frequently isolated from fermenting substrates, their numbers are relatively low when compared with other fermenting species. Despite this rarity, they have long been studied for their unusual metabolical features (e.g., the Custers effect. Rising interest over the last decades is mostly due to volatile phenol production affecting high quality red wines worldwide. The challenges have been dealt with together by researchers and winemakers in an effective way and this has enabled a state where, presently, knowledge and prevention of the problem at the winery level is readily accessible. Today, the main issues have shifted from technological to sensory science concerning the effects of metabolites other than ethylphenols and the over estimation of the detrimental impact by ethylphenols on flavor. Hopefully, these questions will continue to be tackled together by science and industry for the benefit of wine enjoyment.

  4. Exploring Medical Student Learning Needs in the Pediatric Emergency Department: "What Do You Want to Learn Right Now?".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pusic, Martin V; Best, Robert; Black, John B; Mutnick, Andrew

    2016-04-01

    When precepting medical students in the emergency department, faculty physicians often have only minutes per patient encounter to devote to direct teaching. Instructional strategies that promote independent student learning after each case may have merit. It is not known, however, to what degree patient-triggered learning needs are amenable to independent study. The aims of this study were to determine self- and faculty-reported learner needs at the time of patient encounters and to assess the degree to which these perceived needs may be satisfied by independent study. We interviewed medical students and faculty in our pediatric emergency department. Immediately before or after they saw a patient, we asked "What do you want to learn right now?". For half of the student interviews, we separately asked the same questions of their preceptors. Interviews were taped and transcribed. Responses were coded by 3 investigators who did content analysis to identify dominant themes and the extent to which the learning need could be addressed independently. Investigators agreed that Accreditation Council for Graduate Medical Education competency domains could be used to classify the responses. We interviewed 82 students and 44 preceptors yielding 126 patient-triggered learning needs. Competency area(s) were medical knowledge (70), patient care (1), interpersonal skills (27), systems-based practice (2), practice-based learning (3), and professionalism (4). Two raters independently assigned the same competency in 89%. Medical knowledge competency learning needs were almost all at least moderately amenable to independent learning (68/70, 98%), but the other competencies were not (22/57, 39%) according to the raters (interrater reliability, 0.7). Preceptor responses were congruent in competency type with students' responses in 29 (67%) of 43. Students listed interpersonal skills deficits far more often than did faculty (24% vs 5%, P learning needs in the pediatric emergency

  5. Global environmental change: what can health care providers and the environmental health community do about it now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Brian S; Parker, Cindy; Glass, Thomas A; Hu, Howard

    2006-12-01

    The debate about whether global environmental change is real is now over; in its wake is the realization that it is happening more rapidly than predicted. These changes constitute a profound challenge to human health, both as a direct threat and as a promoter of other risks. We call on health care providers to inform themselves about these issues and to become agents of change in their communities. It is our responsibility as clinicians to educate patients and their communities on the connections between regressive policies, unsustainable behaviors, global environmental changes, and threats to health and security. We call on professional organizations to assist in educating their members about these issues, in helping clinicians practice behavior change with their patients, and in adding their voices to this issue in our statehouses and Congress. We call for the development of carbon and other environmental-labeling of consumer products so individuals can make informed choices; we also call for the rapid implementation of policies that provide tangible economic incentives for choosing environmentally sustainable products and services. We urge the environmental health community to take up the challenge of developing a global environmental health index that will incorporate human health into available "planetary health" metrics and that can be used as a policy tool to evaluate the impact of interventions and document spatial and temporal shifts in the healthfulness of local areas. Finally, we urge our political, business, public health, and academic leaders to heed these environmental warnings and quickly develop regulatory and policy solutions so that the health of populations and the integrity of their environments will be ensured for future generations.

  6. Carbon dioxide fluxes over a raised open bog at the Kinosheo Lake tower site during the Northern Wetlands Study (NOWES)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neumann, H. H.; Den Hartog, G.; King, K. M.; Chipanshi, A. C.

    1994-01-01

    Measurements of carbon dioxide concentration and flux were made above a raised open bog at Lake Kinosheo in the southern Hudson Bay lowlands during the Northern Wetlands Study (NOWES) experiment in 1990. The flux measurements were made using micrometeorological techniques. They provide the first nondisturbing, larger-scale CO2 flux measurements for this ecosystem and are the first to integrate the exchange over the whole 24 hours of the day. Continuous concentration measurements by infrared gas analyzers (IRGA) and spot flask samples were taken over the period July 1 to July 29. Afternoon CO2 values were only 5 to 7 parts per million by volume (ppmv) lower than measurements over the same period at Canadian background monitoring stations. This suggested that there was little draw-down by local photosynthetic sinks. CO2 fluxes were measured at 8 and 18 m by Bowen ratio and eddy correlation methods, respectively. The methods produced comparable results on averaged data but often diverged considerably on individual half-hour results. Fluxes were small. Daytime values averaged to -0.068 mg/sq m/s by eddy correlation and -0.077 mg/sq m/s by Bowen ratio over the period June 25 to July 28 (negative denotes downward flux), while at night, flux densities were +0.062 mg/sq m/s and +0.085 mg/sq m/s. Integration of the mean diurnal curve gave a net flux of -1.7 g/sq m/d. Comparable data for this type of ecosystem were not found. However, Coyne and Kelley (1975), measuring near Barrow, Alaska, over wet meadow tundra dominated by sedges and grasses, found net fluxes of -7.2 g/sq m/d. Typical net CO2 fluxes from other active temperature ecosystems have been found to be -10 to -20 g/sq m/d (Monteith, 1976). Mean half hourly fluxes were almost constant at +0.06 mg/sq m/s through the nighttime hours. About one half-hour after sunrise the flux reversed direction. Uptake peaked about 0900 eastern daylight time (EDT) and then gradually declined but remained downward until near sunset

  7. Different influences of hematocrit on the results of two Point-Of-Care platelet function tests, the VerifyNow assay and multiple electrode platelet aggregometry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Yun Gi; Suh, Jung-Won; Park, Jin Joo; Oh, Il-Young; Yoon, Chang-Hwan; Cho, Young-Seok; Youn, Tae-Jin; Chae, In-Ho; Choi, Dong-Ju

    2014-01-01

    Previous studies have reported a considerable association between the VerifyNow (Accumetrics, San Diego, CA, USA) P2Y12 assay results and hematocrit. No reports, however, have described an association between the multiple electrode platelet aggregometry (MEA; Dynabyte, Munich, Germany) adenosine diphosphate (ADP) assay results and hematocrit. This study was conducted to evaluate the influence of hematocrit on the results of 2 different point-of-care platelet function tests. A total of 462 consecutive patients who were undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention were enrolled. Platelet function was evaluated with both the VerifyNow P2Y12 and MEA ADP assays. Anemic patients (n = 152, 32.9%) demonstrated a significantly higher rate of cardiac death, myocardial infarction, and stroke (5.3% vs. 2.3%, p = 0.046) during the follow-up (median: 18.8 months). Although the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay results demonstrated a significant inverse correlation with hematocrit (r = -0.409, phematocrit (r = 0.039, p = 0.401). In the multivariate analysis, anemia was an independent predictor of high on-treatment platelet reactivity, defined as a VerifyNow P2Y12 reaction unit level of ≥252.5 (odds ratio = 2.21, 95% confidence interval = 1.39-3.52; p = 0.001). Importantly, this association was independent of an intrinsic change in platelet reactivity as measured by the MEA ADP assay. Adjusting for the influence of hematocrit improved the strength of the correlation between the VerifyNow P2Y12 and MEA ADP assay results. Hematocrit significantly influenced the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay results, a phenomenon that was presumably in-vitro. Hematocrit level should therefore be considered when interpreting results of the VerifyNow P2Y12 assay.

  8. International Atomic Energy Agency fellows: Where are they now? The Department of Technical Cooperation's report on the fellowship survey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2006-01-01

    In order to assess the impact and the quality of the International Atomic Energy Agency (IAEA) fellowship programme, the Department of Technical Cooperation conducted a survey among former fellows from the years 2001 and 2002. These fellows have all completed the fellowship training, and have had time to judge in what way their training is useful to their work in their home country. As a result of this survey, further surveys could be conducted to serve as a continuous systematic assessment of the fellowship and other programmes. Former fellows from the years 2001 and 2002 were asked to fill out a questionnaire containing questions regarding the following: Where are the former fellows now and what are they doing? How did the fellows rate the quality of the fellowship programme? How did the fellows rate the impact of the training they received through the fellowship programme, the impact on their home institution, and the impact on the TC project and their home country? The survey period was 11 February - 4 March 2005. Reaching a sufficient number of former fellows from the years 2001 and 2002 posed some difficulties. The National Liaison Officers contributed greatly in finding the former fellows' current contact information. Out of the 2067 fellows who were in the field in the years 2001 and 2002, 613 participated in the survey (meaning, 30% of all fellows from those years and 50% of those reached by email or fax). The results of the survey given below represent only the survey participants' opinions, not those of all former fellows from the years 2001 and 2002. To ensure that the results are representative of all fellows, a follow-up study of seven countries is currently being done. The IAEA fellowship programme contributes successfully to knowledge and technology transfer to fellows' home institutions, their home countries and the TC projects they are involved in, as evidenced by the following survey results: 94% of the fellows who participated in the survey

  9. AirNow Information Management System - Global Earth Observation System of Systems Data Processor for Real-Time Air Quality Data Products

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haderman, M.; Dye, T. S.; White, J. E.; Dickerson, P.; Pasch, A. N.; Miller, D. S.; Chan, A. C.

    2012-12-01

    Built upon the success of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) AirNow program (www.AirNow.gov), the AirNow-International (AirNow-I) system contains an enhanced suite of software programs that process and quality control real-time air quality and environmental data and distribute customized maps, files, and data feeds. The goals of the AirNow-I program are similar to those of the successful U.S. program and include fostering the exchange of environmental data; making advances in air quality knowledge and applications; and building a community of people, organizations, and decision makers in environmental management. In 2010, Shanghai became the first city in China to run this state-of-the-art air quality data management and notification system. AirNow-I consists of a suite of modules (software programs and schedulers) centered on a database. One such module is the Information Management System (IMS), which can automatically produce maps and other data products through the use of GIS software to provide the most current air quality information to the public. Developed with Global Earth Observation System of Systems (GEOSS) interoperability in mind, IMS is based on non-proprietary standards, with preference to formal international standards. The system depends on data and information providers accepting and implementing a set of interoperability arrangements, including technical specifications for collecting, processing, storing, and disseminating shared data, metadata, and products. In particular, the specifications include standards for service-oriented architecture and web-based interfaces, such as a web mapping service (WMS), web coverage service (WCS), web feature service (WFS), sensor web services, and Really Simple Syndication (RSS) feeds. IMS is flexible, open, redundant, and modular. It also allows the merging of data grids to create complex grids that show comprehensive air quality conditions. For example, the AirNow Satellite Data Processor

  10. Pay Me a Little Now or a Lot Later: Test and Evaluation Concepts to Assist in Managing Affordable Weapon Systems Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-01

    Pay Me a Little Now or a Lot Later Test and Evaluation Concepts to Assist in Managing Affordable Weapon Systems Programs Mike Bohn Defense AT&L...Little Now or a Lot Later. Test and Evaluation Concepts to Assist in Managing Affordable Weapon Systems Programs 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER...whole lot more later!” The author can be reached at michael.bohn@dau.mil. Bob discovers the importance of written communications. 13 THETA By Dan Ward, Chris Quaid, Gabe Mounce, and Jim Elmore

  11. Once a myth, now an object of study - How the perception of comets has changed over the centuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-02-01

    was seen by Fred Hoyle, the British astrophysicist, as a possible explanation for the great hiatal breaks in history. He took the view that such extraordinary developments as the extinction of the mammoth were attributable to strikes by comet fragments. His views incorporated the theory advanced by British astronomers Victor Clube and Bill Napier in 1982 that a giant comet was trapped by our solar system 15000 years ago. With the return of that comet every 1600 years, the accompanying debris - so the argument goes - prompted some of the world’s great turning points. This might also be an explanation for such legends as the Flood. A lump of icy sludgew So what does the actual nucleus of a comet look like? One answer was supplied by the Giotto space probe in a mission masterminded by ESA. The probe was named after the major Italian painter Giotto di Bondone, who, in the early 14th century, portrayed a comet in his fresco in the Scrovegni Chapel in Padua. On 14 March 1986, the probe succeeded in taking 100-metre-resolution pictures of the nucleus of Halley’s Comet from only 600 kilometres away. In the words of Uwe Keller: “The mission forced us to revisit our long-standing image of a comet nucleus as a ‘dirty snowball’. The pictures showed that it was more like a lump of icy sludge. The solid part of the nucleus is much larger than the icy part.” Bur hardly had Giotto trained its electronic eye on the heavenly body than the photo opportunity was already over; a dust particle measuring about a millimetre hit the probe. As the velocity differential between probe and comet was at that point 68.4 km per second, the force of the involuntary encounter was enough to put paid to any further snapshots. All the same, despite the damage to the camera, it proved possible to go on with the mission. Following two periods of “hibernation”, Giotto achieved a successful flyby of the Grigg-Skjellerup comet on 10 July 1992. Rosetta should now bring us entirely new knowledge

  12. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 20, No. 1, Summer 2016 - Tackling Transportation: Clean Cities and NPS Team Up to Steer National Parks Toward a Sustainable Future.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-06-01

    Clean Cities Now is the official semi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  13. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 20, No. 2, Winter 2017 - Capitalizing on Core Strengths & New Technologies for Today's Mobility Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2017-01-01

    Clean Cities Now is the official semi-annual newsletter of Clean Cities, an initiative designed to reduce petroleum consumption in the transportation sector by advancing the use of alternative and renewable fuels, fuel economy improvements, idle-reduction measures, and new technologies, as they emerge.

  14. Pride and prejudice and zombies: The classic Regency romance—Now with ultraviolent zombie mayhem!, by Jane Austen and Seth Grahame-Smith [book review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Craig B. Jacobsen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Review of Jane Austen and Seth Grahame-Smith. Pride and prejudice and zombies: The classic Regency romance—Now with ultraviolent zombie mayhem! Philadelphia, PA: Quirk Books, 2009. $12.95 (320p ISBN 978-1594743344.

  15. Pasión y sentido en tiempos de cambio: The Way We Live Now como una propuesta de sociedad moderna en Inglaterra a finales del siglo XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anderzon Medina Roa

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo analiza la novela de Anthony Trollope, The Way We Live Now, publicada por entregas en Inglaterra entre 1874 y 1875. The Way We Live Now, desde la semiótica de las pasiones, funciona como una sátira a través de la cual el autor criticó los cambios en los valores de su sociedad. Se utiliza la trama de tres personajes secundarios de la novela como símbolos de modelos sociales en pugna y de las posibilidades que ve el autor para mantener los valores tradicionales de su sociedad en tiempos de cambio indetenible. This article analyzes The Way We Live Now, by Anthony Trollope, a serial novel published between 1874 and 1875 in England. From the perspective of semiotics of passions, The Way We Live Now functions as a satire that criticized the changing social values in England by the end of the century. The subplots of three secondary characters are taken as the symbols of clashing social models, and the result of this clash is taken as the author’s proposal to keep traditional social values in times of unstoppable changes.

  16. The ‘solution’ is now the ‘problem:’ wind energy, colonisation and the ‘genocide-ecocide nexus’ in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dunlap, A.A.

    2017-01-01

    The coastal Isthmus of Tehuantepec region of Oaxaca, Mexico – known locally as the Istmo – is regarded as one of the best wind energy generating sites in the world. Marketed as a preeminent solution to mitigating climate change, wind energy is now applying increasing pressure on indigenous groups in

  17. Exposure and Health Effects Review of Engineered Nanoscale Cerium and Cerium Dioxide Associated with its Use as a Fuel Additive - NOW IN PRINT IN THE JOURNAL

    Science.gov (United States)

    Advances of nanoscale science have produced nanomaterials with unique physical and chemical properties at commercial levels that are now incorporated into over 1000 products. Nanoscale cerium (di) oxide (Ce02) has recently gained a wide range of applications which includes coatin...

  18. The ‘solution’ is now the ‘problem:’ wind energy, colonisation and the ‘genocide-ecocide nexus’ in the Isthmus of Tehuantepec, Oaxaca

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dunlap, A.A.

    2018-01-01

    The coastal Isthmus of Tehuantepec region of Oaxaca, Mexico – known locally as the Istmo – is regarded as one of the best wind energy generating sites in the world. Marketed as a preeminent solution to mitigating climate change, wind energy is now applying increasing pressure on indigenous groups in

  19. Now You See Me, Now You Don't

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jainandunsing, Jayant S.; Jeganathan, Jelliffe; Scheeren, Thomas W. L.; Natour, Ehsan

    A 60-YEAR-OLD MALE was undergoing radical nephrectomy under transesophageal echocardiographic (TEE) guidance for renal cell carcinoma. The tumor was known to extend to the lumen of the inferior vena cava through the renal vein (Fig 1). During extraction, a large portion of the tumor was dislodged

  20. Now You See Me Now You Don’t:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ventura, Joanthan; Gunn, Wendy

    The body as an anthropological nexus of socio-cultural norms and conventions has been discussed at length in the humanities and social sciences. However, within the worlds of industrial design, an important player influencing an understanding of the users body within a design process has been...... neglected and that is the industrial designer. Our main thesis concerning understandings of the user's body is, that designing is an anthropological, socio-cultural and physical praxis, in the midst of which stand people(s) engaging within their material environments. We propose, by involving participatory...... observation, anthropological methodologies and design anthropological inquiry, within their design practices, the industrial designer could pursue an alternative to understanding peoples practices other than a techno-practice perspective which deliberately detaches the social qualities of human action...

  1. Congenital Cytomegalovirus: a "Now" Problem-No Really, Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernstein, David I

    2017-01-01

    Despite the clear need, progress toward a vaccine for congenital cytomegalovirus (CMV) has been slow. However, recent events have provided new interest, and several vaccine candidates are either in clinical trials or the trials are close to starting. In this issue of Clinical and Vaccine Immunology, Schleiss and colleagues show that a nonreplicating lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (rLCMV)-vectored vaccine expressing CMV glycoprotein B (gB) and/or pp65 induces B and T cells and improves pup survival in a guinea pig model of congenital CMV infection (Clin Vaccine Immunol 24:e00300-16, 2017, https://doi.org/10.1128/CVI.00300-16). The combination vaccine appeared to be the most effective. Copyright © 2017 American Society for Microbiology.

  2. Now You See Me Now You Don’t:

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ventura, Joanthan; Gunn, Wendy

    embarrassment or stigma. In other cases, designing paramedical objects along the lines of extreme sports or high-fashion designers accentuate the end user's body, hence enabling people to reacquire their dignity. We ask then can a more socially aware design approach focusing upon generational, relational...... present two cases related to the injured or disabled body – a body that usually encounters various stigmas stemming from her/ his surrounding social environment. Furthermore, we explore how artificial limbs or paramedical products attached to the person's body are perceived and may even create negative...

  3. The role of the patient's remembered history and unconscious past in the evolution of Betty Joseph's 'Here and now' clinical technique (1959-1989).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguayo, Joseph

    2011-10-01

    The author historicizes one aspect of Betty Joseph's ongoing technical contributions in terms of its originating London kleinian context. Early on she drew upon both the patient's remembered history and unconscious past, linking these experiences in past-to-present transference interpretations in order to effect psychic change. In evolving the technique of 'here and now' analysis, Joseph came to emphasize a communicative definition of projective and introjective identification as well as the significance of enactments while marginalizing the use of part-object anatomical interpretative language. She gradually set aside directly linking the patient's past with the present, compelled now by making direct contact with her patients. She now tracked how difficult patients acted in and responded to interpretations from moment to moment. The author maintains that the explicit and implicit conceptual work of Wilfred Bion as well as Joseph's continuous group workshop for analysts led to an increased understanding of the patient's projective impact on the analyst's countertransference responses, and thereby increased the analyst's capacity with 'difficult to treat' narcissistic spectrum patients described by her colleague, Herbert Rosenfeld. In recent work, while Joseph continues to elucidate what patients recall about their early past, she formats her understanding in terms of a direct analysis of the structure of the patient's projected internal object relations in the transference. The analyst works with the patient's communications and enactments, with a greater emphasis on a more 'inside-to-outside' understanding of transference in contrast to the earlier 'past-to-present' work associated with both Freud and Klein. This investigation concludes with one example of Betty Joseph's significant impact on contemporary kleinian technique by taking up some of Michael Feldman's work. Now the analyst listens to the 'past presented,' the patient's projected internal world, as well

  4. Should only pharmacists hold pecuniary interests in a pharmaceutical business? Attorney General (NSW) v Now.com.au Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 276.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patel, Jatine; Faunce, Thomas

    2010-02-01

    The New South Wales legislature's policy of authorising only registered pharmacists to hold pecuniary interests in a pharmaceutical business is a component of Australian public health policy that accords with foundational principles and virtues of health law and bioethics. The case of Attorney General (NSW) v Now.com.au Pty Ltd [2008] NSWSC 276 considered what constitutes a pecuniary interest in this context, and how this should best be deduced from facts that may be contentious.

  5. Investigation on deposition condition, sedimentary environment and genesis of Mandan and Deh-Now bauxite deposits, Dehdasht area, Kohgiloye and Boyer-Ahmad province: using mineralogical studies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alireza Zarasvandi

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The Mandan and Deh-Now bauxite deposits are located 40 km northeast of Dehdasht in Kohgiloye and Boyer-Ahmad province in the Zagros simply folded belt. The deposits were formed in the oldest rocks of the area of late Cretaceous age. The bauxite horizon is situated between Sarvak and Ilam formations. The aim of this study is to determine the mineralogy and texture relations of the deposits in order to determine the environment and status of bauxite mineralization. In this way, samples were selected from these bauxite deposits for mineralogical studies based on microscopic and XRD techniques. The bauxite horizon in the Mandan deposit consists of white, gray, black, pisolitic, red and yellow bauxites. The sequence was repeated in the Deh-Now without black and gray bauxites. Mineralogy is similar in all bauxitic layers and the main textures are pisolitic-ooide, ooide-spheroid, pisolitic, pelitomorphic and pseoudomorphic. Bohmite, diaspore, kaolinite and calcite are the most important minerals in both bauxitic layers of the Mandan and Deh-Now deposits. Due to bohmite mineralization in the study area, erosional and intense weathering environment in the Touronian-Cenomanian could be suggested for the deposition of bauxite in these deposits. Existence of interclasts in the pisolites and ooides indicate that these bauxites were transformed from the primary in situ environment to karstic sedimentary basin as authigenic origin. These studies indicate that there are two mineralized facies with different environmental status: (1 oxidation facies with bohmite, diaspore, kaolinite and hematite minerals and (2 reduced facies with pyrite, diaspore and chlorite mineralization. The lack of reduced condition at the Deh-Now deposit shows that the deposit formed only in oxidation status.

  6. Active Parenting Now: Program Kit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Popkin, Michael H.

    Based largely on the theories of Alfred Adler and Rudolf Dreikurs, this parent education curriculum is a video-based interactive learning experience that teaches a comprehensive model of parenting to parents of children ages 5 to 12 years. The kit provides parents with the skills needed to help their children develop courage, responsibility, and…

  7. Now and future of IAEA

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Taniguchi, Tomihiro; Omoto, Akira; Ichimura, Tomoya

    2005-01-01

    IAEA was established in 1957. Main activities consist of safeguards, cooperation of technologies and safety security. It has six sections such as the cooperation of technologies, nuclear energy, safety standards and security, nuclear science and its application, selfguards and management. Eleven Japanese are working in it and they .reported the present activities, problems and the future. Their subjects contain the problems of IAEA and expectation to Japanese, the utilization of nuclear energy, increasing nuclear safety and security in the world, application of radiation and isotope technologies, change and prospect of cooperation of technologies, and non-proliferation and safeguards. It was concluded as a first country holding many nuclear facilities that Japan had not nuclear materials and development activity in hiding and did not transform nuclear fuels reported to weapons. Accordingly, Japan is expected to make effort leading nuclear use for peace and non-proliferation in the world. (S.Y.)

  8. Decide Now - Ditch Decision Making

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Campion, John

    2004-01-01

    .... The separation of psychology into sub-disciplines or paradigms that don't talk to one another. 3. The failure to distinguish between technical and common language usage when dealing with concepts such as decision making and command...

  9. Flashforward: the future is now

    OpenAIRE

    Pisters, P.

    2011-01-01

    In The Future of the Image (2007) Jacques Rancière states that the end of images is behind us. He argues for an aesthetics of the image that acknowledges the continuing power of images as educating documentations of traces of history, as directly affecting interruptions, and as open-to-combining signs of the visible and the sayable ad infinitum. But does Rancière's claim also concern the future of cinema? His cinematic references, in a Deleuzian sense, are mostly to modern time-images. Is the...

  10. Flashforward: the future is now

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pisters, P.

    2011-01-01

    In The Future of the Image (2007) Jacques Rancière states that the end of images is behind us. He argues for an aesthetics of the image that acknowledges the continuing power of images as educating documentations of traces of history, as directly affecting interruptions, and as open-to-combining

  11. TRANSCOM: The future is now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Driscoll, K.L.; Hurley, J.D.; Harmon, L.H.

    1989-01-01

    All across the nation there is growing interest in the transport of materials. The issues of interest vary from finding more efficient ways to use transportation fleets to improving emergency plans for responding to situations involving potentially harmful materials. Shippers are looking for more efficient ways to keep track of their vehicles and cargo. CB radios, cellular or mobile phones, and roadside pay phones are quickly becoming outdated as the primary means of communicating with the home base. Recent trade journals, major newspapers, and transportation magazines report major trucking firms are purchasing tracking and satellite communications systems for this purpose. As reported in the Philadelphia Inquirer, High-tech space age gear is being installed in 18 wheelers to keep truckers in constant contact with their terminals and dispatchers while traveling the long, lonesome highway. There is growing interest at the State and local government level in the movement of radioactive materials across State boundaries. As a result, local government agencies are in search of better ways to prepare for and respond to emergency situations where the health or welfare of the public is perceived to be at risk. Better preparation requires prior knowledge of radioactive material shipments through the State, knowledge of the routes to be taken, and the ability to pinpoint the location of such shipments whenever necessary. For certain radioactive material shipments (e.g., High-level waste and Spent Fuel), the Nuclear Waste Policy Act (NWPA) of 1982 directs DOE to work in tandem with the States to resolve the sensitive issues of transportation

  12. X is now a meme

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Konzack, Lars

    2012-01-01

    Internet-memer er den nye globale, lynhurtige og indforståede folklore. Det er sjovt, det er frækt, det er sukkersødt, det er klamt, det er oprørsk, og det er lige nu på vej til en af dine digitale enheder. Her kommer en analyse af fænomenet....

  13. Nuclear security: Then and now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Weinstein, A.A.

    1992-01-01

    The evolution of computerized security systems at nuclear power plants has been driven by both the enhancements in computer technology and the changes in regulatory requirements over time. Technical advancements have simplified the essential nature of these systems in both real-time and data processing operations. Regulatory developments have caused a similar trend in simplification. This article addresses the computer and data acquisition portions of a security system and not the access control hardware, intrusion detection sensors, or surveillance equipment, other than to indicate how functional improvements in these areas have been achieved as systems have developed. The state of technology today includes the availability of fault-tolerant computers, the practice of networking multiple computers, and the standardization of real-time data network communications. These factors make two things possible in a plant security system. One is distributed processing, with rapid alarm annunciation (less than 1 second), essentially immediate response to access requests (less than 1 second), and an expeditious and comprehensive reporting capability. The other is permitting different plant operations (security, radiation protection, operator tours) to achieve economies by sharing the same network while using independent computers and avoiding operational conflicts

  14. An Engineer Does What Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilbert, Amy; Wade, Katherine

    2014-01-01

    For an introductory engineering class at an all-girls urban high school in the Southeast, the authors planned an experience that would align with the engineering aspects of the "Next Generation Science Standards" (NGSS Lead States 2013). The goal was to better relate science, technology, engineering, and mathematics (STEM) to everyday…

  15. Optofluidic imaging: now and beyond.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yanhui; Stratton, Zackary S; Guo, Feng; Lapsley, Michael Ian; Chan, Chung Yu; Lin, Sz-Chin Steven; Huang, Tony Jun

    2013-01-07

    More than a decade of research work in optofluidics has yielded a large catalogue of optofluidic elements that can manipulate light at the micro-scale (e.g., lenses, prisms). Although these elements have proven useful for many on-chip processes (e.g., miniaturized flow cytometry, interferometry and sample spectroscopy), certain deficiencies have precluded their use in micro-scale imaging. However, recent work in optofluidic imaging has avoided optofluidic elements entirely and focused instead on image capture and composition techniques, demonstrating impressive resolution in both 2D imagery and 3D tomography. In this Focus article, we will discuss some of the recent successes in optofluidic imaging and will expound our expectations for the near future of the optofluidic imaging discipline.

  16. Now and future influenza vaccines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruben, F L

    1990-03-01

    Influenza is a modern day plague. In the young, the clinical picture is classical, but in the elderly, the disease may go unsuspected until complications such as pneumonia develop. Influenza A and B viruses are responsible, and these viruses mutate with great regularity. Antibodies to the HA and NA surface antigens of influenza viruses, both naturally and vaccine induced, are protective. The earliest influenza vaccines were crude, toxic, and ineffective. With modern purification techniques, the egg-grown viruses have been turned into safe, immunogenic, and effective killed-virus vaccines--whole virus and split virus. Surveillance permits the correct virus strains to be incorporated into each new vaccine. Those who have been experiencing the worst effects of influenza have been identified. These individuals need to be immunized each year. In the future, live influenza virus vaccines may offer the benefits of ease of administration and longer-lasting protection. Synthetic peptides, genetically engineered antigens, and even nonantigen (anti-idiotype) vaccines are possible, but such vaccines will require adjuvant enhancement. For the present, greater efforts must be made to use existing influenza vaccines.

  17. Where Now for Adult Learning?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Keep, Ewart; Rogers, David; Hunt, Sally; Walden, Christopher; Fryer, Bob; Gorard, Stephen; Williams, Ceri; Jones, Wendy; Hartley, Ralph

    2010-01-01

    With 6 billion British pounds of public spending reductions already on the table, and far deeper cuts inevitable, what are the prospects for adult learning in the new Parliament? Some of the regular contributors of this journal were asked what they expected and what they would like to see. Ewart Keep warns that the coalition parties' commitments…

  18. Nursing informatics: the future now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mamta

    2014-01-01

    Technological advancements in the health care field have always impacted the health care practices. Nursing practice has also been greatly influenced by the technology. In the recent years, use of information technology including computers, handheld digital devices, internet has advanced the nursing by bridging the gap from nursing as an art to nursing as science. In every sphere of nursing practice, nursing research, nursing education and nursing informatics play a very important role. If used properly it is a way to save time, helping to provide quality nursing care and increases the proficiency of nursing personnel.

  19. The Blazing Horror of Now

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Warner, Cameron David

    2012-01-01

    On following posts on Tibetan self-immolation on Facebook and the sense that our normal academic tools of analysis fail to give us the sense that we can derive significant meaning.......On following posts on Tibetan self-immolation on Facebook and the sense that our normal academic tools of analysis fail to give us the sense that we can derive significant meaning....

  20. Can You See Me Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raths, David

    2013-01-01

    Ten years ago, integrating videoconferencing into a college course required considerable effort on the part of the instructor and IT support staff. Today, video- and web-conferencing tools are more sophisticated. Distance education has morphed from audio- and videocassettes featuring talking heads to a more interactive experience with greater…

  1. I Want My Mommy Now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crosser, Sandra

    1995-01-01

    Examines children's response to initial separation as they enter school or day care. Suggests that starting school is normally accompanied by some degree of anxiety for both children and parents. Examines two patterns of insecure attachment: anxious-avoidant and anxious-resistant. Offers ideas and practical suggestions for helping parents and…

  2. Now for the Hard Part

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ringsmose, Jens; Rynning, Sten

    2017-01-01

    The Alliance’s success in adapting its deterrence posture has brought into focus a range of more complex challenges.......The Alliance’s success in adapting its deterrence posture has brought into focus a range of more complex challenges....

  3. Molecular replacement then and now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Scapin, Giovanna

    2013-01-01

    A brief overview, with examples, of the evolution of molecular-replacement methods and models over the past few years is presented. The ‘phase problem’ in crystallography results from the inability to directly measure the phases of individual diffracted X-ray waves. While intensities are directly measured during data collection, phases must be obtained by other means. Several phasing methods are available (MIR, SAR, MAD, SAD and MR) and they all rely on the premise that phase information can be obtained if the positions of marker atoms in the unknown crystal structure are known. This paper is dedicated to the most popular phasing method, molecular replacement (MR), and represents a personal overview of the development, use and requirements of the methodology. The first description of noncrystallographic symmetry as a tool for structure determination was explained by Rossmann and Blow [Rossmann & Blow (1962 ▶), Acta Cryst.15, 24–31]. The term ‘molecular replacement’ was introduced as the name of a book in which the early papers were collected and briefly reviewed [Rossmann (1972 ▶), The Molecular Replacement Method. New York: Gordon & Breach]. Several programs have evolved from the original concept to allow faster and more sophisticated searches, including six-dimensional searches and brute-force approaches. While careful selection of the resolution range for the search and the quality of the data will greatly influence the outcome, the correct choice of the search model is probably still the main criterion to guarantee success in solving a structure using MR. Two of the main parameters used to define the ‘best’ search model are sequence identity (25% or more) and structural similarity. Another parameter that may often be undervalued is the quality of the probe: there is clearly a relationship between the quality and the correctness of the chosen probe and its usefulness as a search model. Efforts should be made by all structural biologists to ensure that their deposited structures, which are potential search probes for future systems, are of the best possible quality

  4. College Reports Now in Cyberspace.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, Rich; Eberts, Mike

    1994-01-01

    Discusses the history and current uses of the JACC (Journalism Association of Community Colleges) NEWS Internet-based mailing list. Describes the service's origins as a dial-up bulletin board, its functioning as an Internet newsgroup, its future, and a related community college wire service. (MAB)

  5. Neutron crystallography - then and now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chidambaram, R.; Sikka, S.K.

    2003-01-01

    Neutron crystallography began to be employed at the Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC), Trombay, Mumbai in the early sixties. At that time, the technique, at BARC as well as elsewhere, was in a nascent state, with emphasis on building of instruments and development of crystallography software. Over the years, the Trombay group kept pace with the advancements in other parts of world and employed neutron diffraction to get answers to a variety of important problems. Here we review the advances of the method over the years and its applications. In particular, we discuss the phase problem in neutron crystallography and its contributions for hydrogen bonding, biological macromolecular structures and high pressure science. (author)

  6. Lattice sums then and now

    CERN Document Server

    Borwein, J M; McPhedran, R C

    2013-01-01

    The study of lattice sums began when early investigators wanted to go from mechanical properties of crystals to the properties of the atoms and ions from which they were built (the literature of Madelung's constant). A parallel literature was built around the optical properties of regular lattices of atoms (initiated by Lord Rayleigh, Lorentz and Lorenz). For over a century many famous scientists and mathematicians have delved into the properties of lattices, sometimes unwittingly duplicating the work of their predecessors. Here, at last, is a comprehensive overview of the substantial body of

  7. React now regarding nanomaterial regulation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Steffen Foss

    2017-01-01

    The time has come to implement a regulatory framework tailored to manufactured materials. I propose a new legislative framework that combines registration, evaluation, authorization and categorization of nanomaterials.......The time has come to implement a regulatory framework tailored to manufactured materials. I propose a new legislative framework that combines registration, evaluation, authorization and categorization of nanomaterials....

  8. It's in Our Hands Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ward, Jane

    2010-01-01

    The world's political leaders failed to agree a fair, ambitious and legally binding accord that would protect the planet from catastrophic global warming at the United Nations' Copenhagen conference on climate change. This makes grassroots action all the more essential to save the world from devastating climate change. The UK Government championed…

  9. Fallacies, Collapses, Crises. Now What?

    OpenAIRE

    Lazarides, Themistokles; Drmmpetas, Evaggelos

    2009-01-01

    The current crisis has been seen as the result of a “few bad apples”. The paper argues that the crisis is systemic and based on fallacies and misconceptions in the design and function of the economic – corporate system. Organizational and economic theories are based on hypotheses that lead to faulted decisions on how the system should be regulated and designed. The paper proposes that a new theory is needed. Disjoint approaches of the current situation are not suitable. Law, Organization...

  10. Image Manipulation: Then and Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Ronald E.

    The images of photography have been manipulated almost from the moment of their discovery. The blending together in the studio and darkroom of images not found in actual scenes from life has been a regular feature of modern photography in both art and advertising. Techniques of photograph manipulation include retouching; blocking out figures or…

  11. Register now for ISOTDAQ 2014

    CERN Multimedia

    Markus Joos, on behalf of the organizers

    2013-01-01

    CERN is inviting final-year undergraduates, masters and PhD students studying physics, computer science and engineering to take part in the 5th International School of Trigger and Data Acquisition (ISOTDAQ2014).   The course comprises of a series of lectures and practical sessions at the Wigner Research Centre for Physics in Budapest, Hungary from 28 January to 5 February 2014. The school will cover topics from trigger electronics to data acquisition software, network architecture and more. The aim is to provide an overview of the basic instruments and methods used in high-energy physics, spanning from small experiments in lab to very large experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The concepts taught also apply to fields outside high-energy physics, such as data acquisition in astrophysics. The Wigner Centre recently became a major extension of CERN's computing facilities, hosting an extension of Tier 0 activities of the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid. Please note that th...

  12. Climate change: where to now?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pearman, Graeme

    2007-01-01

    Full text: Full text: The potential for human impact on global climate arose out of an understanding developed in the 19th century of the physical conditions influencing global temperatures. In the past three decades, observations and improved understanding of climate processes have led to the conclusions that the planet has warmed, this warming has been primarily due to increases of atmospheric greenhouse gases and that this has been due to human activities. But our knowledge is incomplete. The management of the risks associated with future climate change demands improvement of the knowledge base. Specific areas for improvement include the: role of aerosols in the amelioration or otherwise of warming trends; potential instability of systems, e.g. the deglaciation of Greenland that could lead to rapid destabilisation of climate; response of biological systems to climate change, their phrenology, behaviour, genetics and dispersion; opportunities for cost-effective managed adaptation; and improved technologies for meeting the energy demands. Climate science has been characterised by a level of integration of disciplinary fields uncommon in other areas. Yet the nature of the climate system, its diverse impacts and the range of mitigation options suggests that while disciplinary endeavours need to continue, further integration is required. Policy development requires the exploration of options that respect the complexity of climate and its impacts but also the pluralistic aspirations of societies. The 21st century should be characterised by considered, inclusive and strategic policy development. For science to contribute to this process, much more attention is needed to the processes involved in the exchange of knowledge between the scientific community and those who develop public or private policy. A new engagement and shared understanding of the potential role of science in modern societies, particularly with respect to climate change, is an essential component of the future management of climate change. This engagement requires attention to counter-productive trends such as the: dominance of the purchaser-provider model for knowledge generation; emphasis on accountability over innovation; emphasis on wealth generation rather than the broader spectrum of human aspirations; and emergence of political interference, ideologically-based constraints, short-termism, and the so called 'non-reality' world. Even with attention to these broad-ranging demands, one further and perhaps more demanding aspect requires attention. This is the question of human governance, structures and procedures. We have seen significant delays between the development of knowledge concerning climate change and policy response. These delays may have serious implications for future generations

  13. Transformational electronics are now reconfiguring

    KAUST Repository

    Rojas, Jhonathan Prieto

    2015-05-22

    Current developments on enhancing our smart living experience are leveraging the increased interest for novel systems that can be compatible with foldable, wrinkled, wavy and complex geometries and surfaces, and thus become truly ubiquitous and easy to deploy. Therefore, relying on innovative structural designs we have been able to reconfigure the physical form of various materials, to achieve remarkable mechanical flexibility and stretchability, which provides us with the perfect platform to develop enhanced electronic systems for application in entertainment, healthcare, fitness and wellness, military and manufacturing industry. Based on these novel structural designs we have developed a siliconbased network of hexagonal islands connected through double-spiral springs, forming an ultra-stretchable (~1000%) array for full compliance to highly asymmetric shapes and surfaces, as well as a serpentine design used to show an ultrastretchable (~800%) and flexible, spatially reconfigurable, mobile, metallic thin film copper (Cu)-based, body-integrated and non-invasive thermal heater with wireless controlling capability, reusability, heating-adaptability and affordability due to low-cost complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS)-compatible integration. © (2015) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE). Downloading of the abstract is permitted for personal use only.

  14. Czeska literatura i nowe media

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Piorecký, Karel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 42, č. 2013 (2013), s. 11-23 ISSN 1641-7453 R&D Projects: GA ČR GPP406/12/P603 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Czech literature * new media Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  15. We Have Goals. Now What?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bensimon, Estela Mara; Dowd, Alicia C.; Longanecker, David; Witham, Keith

    2012-01-01

    The nation is in an era of policy reform aimed at improving the productivity and effectiveness of higher education. Major philanthropies and policy groups have converged around variations of the ambitious college completion goals announced by President Obama at the beginning of his administration. But at the same time, many state governments,…

  16. Xenon. Now More than Ever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zahnle, K. J.

    2017-12-01

    Xenon is one of the major goals of proposed missions to Venus. This talk explains why xenon is important to understanding the evolution of Venus's atmosphere. Implications for the historic climate of Venus add a new wrinkle in the story. Xenon's 9 stable isotopes can tell us much about the contrasting histories of Earth, Mars, and Venus. Earth's atmospheric Xe is highly mass fractionated compared to any known solar system source. Moreover, Earth's Xe/Kr ratio is low. It would seem that our heaviest gas has been escaping. What is even more remarkable, Xe escape took place for billions of years until the advent of an O2 atmosphere (Srinivasan EPSL 31:129 (1976); Pujol et al. EPSL 308:298 (2011); Avice et al. Nature Comm 8 (2017)). (ii) Earth's original xenon - what Pepin named U-Xe and claimed was the true solar Xe - had not been seen anywhere else until this year, when the secret parent of U-Xe was found hiding in Comet 67P/Churyumov-Gerasimenko by Rosetta (Marty et al. Science 356:1069 (2017)). Apparently 20% of Earth's xenon came from this kind of comet. This has obvious consequences for volatiles in general. Mars's Xe is also strongly mass fractionated, but its original Xe is indistinguishable from solar Xe, which means that Xe escape is a planetary process that operated in parallel on the two planets. (iii) 7% of Earth's 129Xe are radiogenic daughters of extinct 129I, half-life 15.7 Myrs. This is only 1% of the radiogenic 129Xe that Earth would have had had Earth retained its full cosmic birthright. The missing 129Xe can be interpreted as dating the Moon-forming impact to 100 Myrs after the solar system formed. Venus will be different. Xenon loss probably requires escape as an ion, and therefore it likely depends on hydrogen escape and an organized planetary magnetic field. Xenon escape during Earth's Archean implies that hydrogen was abundant and that the planetary magnetic field was strong. Venus will have seen a different history of escape, so that the mass fractionation will be different, and if Venus had enjoyed a temperate phase, it might even prove remarkable. It is unlikely that Venus received the same mix of CG67-like comets versus asteroids, so the proportion of U-Xe will be different. Finally, the timing of the last giant impact is likely to have been stochastic, so that Venus's pool of radiogenic 129Xe will be different.

  17. Now, Here's the Weather Forecast...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richardson, Mathew

    2013-01-01

    The Met Office has a long history of weather forecasting, creating tailored weather forecasts for customers across the world. Based in Exeter, the Met Office is also home to the Met Office Hadley Centre, a world-leading centre for the study of climate change and its potential impacts. Climate information from the Met Office Hadley Centre is used…

  18. Where now for schizophrenia research?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nutt, David J; Need, Anna C

    2014-08-01

    Schizophrenia continues to pose a serious challenge to neuroscience and psychiatry as well as to health care systems and to the patients and families who suffer this terrible and disabling illness. Major developments in the past few months in both genetics and drug development oblige us to consider novel drug discovery tactics for future schizophrenia research. Here we review what we consider to be the key issues and some suggested solutions. Copyright © 2014 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  19. Register now for ISOTDAQ 2016

    CERN Multimedia

    Markus Joos, on behalf of the organisers

    2015-01-01

    The International School of Trigger and Data Acquisition (ISOTDAQ) 2016 is the seventh in a series of International Schools dedicated to introducing MSc and PhD students to the "arts and crafts" of triggering and acquiring data for physics experiments.   The main aim of the school is to provide an overview of the basic instruments and methodologies used in high energy physics, spanning from small experiments in the lab to the very large LHC experiments, emphasising the main building blocks as well as the different choices and architectures at different levels of complexity. About half of the school time will be dedicated to laboratory exercises where the students are exposed to most of the techniques described in the lectures. The 7th International School of Trigger and Data Acquisition will be held in the Lopatie Conference Centre on the campus of the Weizmann Institute of Science in Rehovot, Israel. Lectures, hands-on exercises, breakfast, lunch and coffee break...

  20. Register now for ISOTDAQ 2017

    CERN Multimedia

    Hannes Sakulin, on behalf of the organisers

    2016-01-01

    The International School of Trigger and Data Acquisition (ISOTDAQ) 2017 is the eighth in a series of International Schools dedicated to introducing MSc and PhD students to the "arts and crafts" of triggering and acquiring data for physics experiments.   The main aim of the school is to provide an overview of the basic instruments and methodologies used in high energy physics, spanning from small experiments in the lab to the very large LHC experiments, emphasising the main building blocks as well as the different choices and architectures at different levels of complexity. About half of the school time will be dedicated to laboratory exercises where the students are exposed to most of the techniques described in the lectures. The 8th International School of Trigger and Data Acquisition will be held in the Amsterdam Science Park at Nikhef (the National Institute for Sub-atomic physics) Amsterdam, The Netherlands. Lectures, the hands on exercises, breakfast, lunch and coffee breaks ...

  1. Concentrated solar thermal power - Now

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aringhoff, R.; Brakmann, G. [Solar Thermal Power Industry Association ESTIA, Avenue de la Fauconnerie 73, 1170 Brussels (Belgium); Geyer, M. [IEA SolarPACES Implementing Agreement, Avenida de la Paz 51, 04720 Aguadulce, Almeria (Spain); Teske, S. [Greenpeace International, Ottho Heldringstraat 5, 1066 AZ Amsterdam (Netherlands)

    2005-09-15

    This report demonstrates that there are no technical, economic or resource barriers to supplying 5% of the world's electricity needs from solar thermal power by 2040. It is written as practical blueprint to improve understanding of the solar thermal contribution to the world energy supply.

  2. Nuclear Medicine Training: What Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mankoff, David; Pryma, Daniel A

    2017-10-01

    Although the multidisciplinary nature of nuclear medicine (NM) and clinical molecular imaging is a key strength of the specialty, the breadth of disciplines involved in the practice of NM creates challenges for education and training. The evolution of NM science and technology-and the practice of clinical molecular imaging and theranostics-has created a need for changes in the approach to specialty training. The broader U.S. community of imaging physicians has been slow to accept this change, in good part due to historical divides between the NM and nuclear radiology (NR) communities. In this Journal of Nuclear Medicine Hot Topics discussion, we review the historical pathways to training; discuss the training needs for the modern practice of NM, clinical molecular imaging, and radionuclide therapy; and suggest a path forward for an approach to training that matches the needs of the evolving clinical specialty. © 2017 by the Society of Nuclear Medicine and Molecular Imaging.

  3. How my now six-year-old daughter learned how to write her name, recognize numbers, read some words and draw: A narrative

    OpenAIRE

    Dr. Carlo Ricci

    2010-01-01

    In this paper I want to share how my now six-year-old daughter learned how to write her name, recognize numbers, read some words and draw. By doing so I hope to offer an alternative to a schooling-centered curriculum that would have us believe that the only way to learn these things is to have an expert train young people to do these things. Methodologically, this paper is a narrative. I also consider this paper to be a political piece of writing. For me writing politically in this paper mean...

  4. How my now six-year-old daughter learned how to write her name, recognize numbers, read some words and draw: A narrative

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Carlo RICCI

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I want to share how my now six-year-old daughter learned how to write her name, recognize numbers, read some words and draw. By doing so I hope to offer an alternative to a schooling-centered curriculum that would have us believe that the only way to learn these things is to have an expert train young people to do these things. Methodologically, this paper is a narrative. I also consider this paper to be a political piece of writing. For me writing politically in this paper means, in part, engaging the reader in a dialogue about, on the one hand, trusting and respecting young peoples right to learn what they want, when they want, how they want and, on the other hand, imposing an externally directed curriculum on them. I am arguing in favour of the former.

  5. Battery recycling: the return rate must still grow. Batrec AG now working after initial difficulties. Batterierecycling: der Ruecklauf muss noch wachsen. Die Batrec AG funktioniert nach anfaenglichen Startschwierigkeiten

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Anon.

    1994-11-11

    There is a battery disposal self-help organisation (BESO) in Switzerland which collects a voluntary advance disposal fee (VEG) from the manufacturer or importer in order to finance the disposal of batteries via the recycling infrastructure. The fee is determined by three factors: disposal cost per ton; return rate; and individual battery weight. Thus the VEG is 5 rappen for zinc-carbon batteries and 10 rappen for alkali-manganese batteries. In 1993 90% (in terms of weight) of all batteries sold on the market made a VEG contribution to the BESO fund. The return rate for used batteries rose from 54% in 1992 to over 60% in 1993. In 1992 Batrec cooperated with Sumitomo Heavy Industries in the construction of the world's first industrial battery recycling plant. After initial difficulties Batrec is now processing 160 tons of used batteries per month. The recovered metals sell readily due to their high quality. (MM)

  6. The Unsteady Mainstay of the Family: Now Adult Children’s Retrospective View on Social Support in Relation to Their Parent’s Heart Transplantation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susanna Ågren

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The needs for support among children with a seriously ill parent, who is waiting for heart transplantation, are unknown today. The aim was to describe now adult children’s experiences of social support in relation to a parent’s heart transplant during childhood. Nine females and four males were interviewed. The median age for the children was 18 at the transplantation and their parents had been ill before for 18 months (median and on waiting list for 161 days (mean. Three categories emerged: health care professionals’ approaches, family and friends’ approaches, and society approaches. Our results show that there was lack of support for children of heart transplantation patients. Support in the shape of information was in most cases provided by the sick or healthy parent. It is of great clinical importance to develop psychosocial support programs for children with a seriously ill parent waiting for heart transplantation (before, during, and after surgery.

  7. What is the destiny of a threatened fish, Ptychobarbus chungtienensis, now that non-native weatherfishes have been introduced into Bita Lake, Shangri-La?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Wan-Sheng; Qin, Tao; Wang, Wei-Ying; Zhao, Ya-Peng; Shu, Shu-Sen; Song, Wei-Hong; Chen, Xiao-Yong; Yang, Jun-Xing

    2016-09-18

    Biological invasion is a pervasive negative force of global change, especially in its effects on sensitive freshwater ecosystems. Even protected areas are usually not immune. Ptychobarbus chungtienensis is a threatened freshwater fish now almost confined to Bita Lake, in the Shangri-La region of Yunnan province, China. Its existence is threatened by the introduction of non-native weatherfishes (Misgurnus anguillicaudatus and Paramisgurnus dabryanus) by an unusual method known as 'prayer animal release'. Periodic surveys revealed the ratio of invasive weatherfishes to P. chungtienensis has been increasing since the former species was first recorded from the lake in August, 2009. Ptychobarbus chungtienensis shows low genetic diversity in the relict Lake Bita population. Weatherfishes, however, have highly successful survival strategies. The degree of dietary overlap between the species is alarming and perhaps critical if food is found to be a limiting factor.

  8. Family meals then and now: A qualitative investigation of intergenerational transmission of family meal practices in a racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant population.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trofholz, Amanda C; Thao, Mai See; Donley, Mia; Smith, Mireya; Isaac, Hassan; Berge, Jerica M

    2018-02-01

    Having frequent family meals has consistently been associated with better health outcomes in children/adolescents. It is important to identify how intergenerational transmission of family meal practices occurs to help families benefit from the protective nature of family meals. Limited studies exist that explore the intergenerational transmission of family meal practices, particularly among racially/ethnically diverse and immigrant populations. This study explores how parents describe differences and similarities between meals "then" and "now", lessons they learned as children about family meals, lessons they passed onto their children, the challenges of carrying out family meals, and how families handle the barriers/challenges to intergenerational transmission of family meal practices. The study was conducted with a sample of African American, Native American, Latino, Hmong, Somali, and White families (25/category). Qualitative themes were explored with the overall sample, by race/ethnicity, immigrant status, and by time in the United States (US) as an immigrant. Parents overwhelmingly reported learning as children that family meals were important and conveying this message to their own children. Differences existed among racial/ethnic groups and time in the US as an immigrant. For example, Somali parents frequently endorsed having no challenges with intergenerational transmission of family meal practices. Immigrant parents in the US for a longer period of time were more likely to endorse learning/teaching about family meal importance, that the food eaten now is different than growing up, that a chaotic environment is a challenge to having family meals, and that they accommodate family member's schedules when planning family meals. Results demonstrate that exploring a parent's early family meal experiences may be important when intervening with parents from diverse racial/ethnic and immigrant populations when trying to improve or increase family meal practices

  9. Right Here Right Now: Developing an understanding of responses to smoking policy developments using online data collection in near to real time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gillian Fergie

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Health policymakers require timely evidence to inform decision-making, however, rapid social change often outpaces the capacity of traditional approaches to research to produce meaningful insights. The pervasion of mobile technologies and internet access offers opportunities for capturing context specific and near real-time data on people’s perceptions, behaviours and everyday experiences that could usefully inform decision-making. The Right Here Right Now pilot study was established to provide insights into public responses to, and lived experiences of, contemporary social and health issues. From May to October 2015, a cohort of 180 adults living in Glasgow were asked weekly questions. These questions were developed with decision-makers working in health and social policy or in response to topical newsworthy public health issues that arose. The questions were delivered through an online system and allowed participants to answer directly by website, SMS or post. Aim: An issue that was of high public health policy interest and debate during this period was the need for further tobacco and nicotine control. The aim of this study was to explore the potential of using an online data collection system with a cohort of Glasgow residents to provide rapid insights into public opinion on such policy developments. Method: Three smoking/vaping related questions were sent out to Right Here Right Now participants over the course of the study. The questions were in four parts, first a multiple choice question and then three qualitative follow-up questions based on participants’ responses to part one. The questions were developed with stakeholders working in health advocacy and policy development. They focused on: perceptions of the pervasion of e-cigarettes; legislation on smoking in cars carrying children; and reflections on ten years of the ‘smoking ban’ in enclosed public places. Results: The response rate ranged from 45% to 55% (65

  10. START NOW - a comprehensive skills training programme for female adolescents with oppositional defiant and conduct disorders: study protocol for a cluster-randomised controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kersten, Linda; Prätzlich, Martin; Mannstadt, Sandra; Ackermann, Katharina; Kohls, Gregor; Oldenhof, Helena; Saure, Daniel; Krieger, Katrin; Herpertz-Dahlmann, Beate; Popma, Arne; Freitag, Christine M; Trestman, Robert L; Stadler, Christina

    2016-12-01

    In Europe, the number of females exhibiting oppositional defiant disorder (ODD) and conduct disorder (CD) is growing. Many of these females live in youth welfare institutions. Consequently, there is a great need for evidence-based interventions within youth welfare settings. A recently developed approach targeting the specific needs of girls with ODD and CD in residential care is START NOW. The aim of this group-based behavioural skills training programme is to specifically enhance emotional regulation capacities to enable females with CD or ODD to appropriately deal with daily-life demands. It is intended to enhance psychosocial adjustment and well-being as well as reduce oppositional and aggressive behaviour. We present the study protocol (version 4.1; 10 February 2016) of the FemNAT-CD intervention trial titled 'Group-Based Treatment of Adolescent Female Conduct Disorders: The Central Role of Emotion Regulation'. The study is a prospective, confirmatory, cluster-randomised, parallel-group, multi-centre, randomised controlled trial with 128 institutionalised female adolescents who fulfil the diagnostic criteria of ODD and/or CD. Institutions/wards will be randomised either to provide the 12-week skills training as an add-on intervention or to provide treatment as usual. Once the first cycle is completed, each institution will run a second cycle with the opposite condition. Primary endpoints are the pre-post change in number of CD/ODD symptoms as assessed by a standardised, semi-structured psychiatric interview (Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders and Schizophrenia for School-Age Children-Present and Lifetime, CD/ODD section) between baseline and the end of intervention, as well as between baseline and a 3-month follow-up point. Secondary objectives include pre-post change in CD/ODD-related outcome measures, most notably emotional regulation on a behavioural and neurobiological level after completion of START NOW compared with treatment as usual. To our

  11. Securing a better future for all: Nuclear techniques for global development and environmental protection. NA factsheet on isotope hydrology: Ensuring water now and for the future

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2012-01-01

    Providing adequate freshwater of a desired quality to their populations is one of the foremost development challenges faced by Member States. Although water is a basic human need, it is estimated that nearly one billion people in developing countries do not have access to safe drinking water and more than two billion lack basic sanitation facilities due to inadequate water availability. According to the World Health Organization, nearly five million people - mostly children - die each year from preventable, water-borne diseases. Increasing population, irrigated agriculture and industrial growth together have stressed global freshwater resources over the past several decades. In addition, climate change and the need for greater energy production are now significant drivers of stress on water resources. Nearly 40% of world food production is achieved by means of irrigated agriculture, which accounts for about 70% of total freshwater withdrawals. A significant proportion of groundwater used for irrigation comes from fossil or non-renewable sources, making the food supply unsustainable for a growing human population. Nearly one in three people depends upon water from rivers that are fed by glaciers and snow melt. Increased variability and vulnerability of river flows in a warmer climate (due to increased glacial melt and changes in precipitation patterns) will drive the need for changes in water use and management practices. These changes may also include greater dependence on already stressed groundwater resources. Nearly four billion people - half of the world's population - may live under conditions of water stress in the next two decades.

  12. Operational wave now- and forecast in the German Bight as a basis for the assessment of wave-induced hydrodynamic loads on coastal dikes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dreier, Norman; Fröhle, Peter

    2017-12-01

    The knowledge of the wave-induced hydrodynamic loads on coastal dikes including their temporal and spatial resolution on the dike in combination with actual water levels is of crucial importance of any risk-based early warning system. As a basis for the assessment of the wave-induced hydrodynamic loads, an operational wave now- and forecast system is set up that consists of i) available field measurements from the federal and local authorities and ii) data from numerical simulation of waves in the German Bight using the SWAN wave model. In this study, results of the hindcast of deep water wave conditions during the winter storm on 5-6 December, 2013 (German name `Xaver') are shown and compared with available measurements. Moreover field measurements of wave run-up from the local authorities at a sea dike on the German North Sea Island of Pellworm are presented and compared against calculated wave run-up using the EurOtop (2016) approach.

  13. [The proportion of suicides committed by patients with a mental health disorder for which treatment costs are now no longer reimbursed by health insurance].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spuijbroek, A T; Leezer, Y M; de Beurs, D P; de Winter, R F P

    Suffering from a psychiatric disorder is a well-known risk factor for suicide and suicidal behavior. Treatment of psychiatric disorders can reduce the risk of suicidal behavior and suicide. In the Netherlands, however, since 2012 the treatment costs of some psychiatric disorders have no longer been covered by health insurance. AIM: To find out what proportion of suicides were committed by patients with a psychiatric disorder for which treatment costs are no longer covered by health insurance since the rules changed in 2012. METHOD: We studied the files of 314 patients who were known to one of the large mental health hospitals in the Netherlands and who had committed suicide between 1 January 1999 and January 2012. We were able to determine the various psychiatric disorders from which the patients were suffering at the time they died. RESULTS: About 6% of the patients who committed suicide between 1999 and 2012 suffered from a psychiatric disorder for which treatment costs are now no longer covered by health insurance. CONCLUSION: Given the results of this study, the increased rates of suicide in the Netherlands and the importance of scientific research into the characteristics of suicide, we recommend that patients with suicidal behavior are not excluded from adequate treatment in the event they may or may not have met the criteria for a DSM-IV classification.

  14. RecoverNow: Feasibility of a Mobile Tablet-Based Rehabilitation Intervention to Treat Post-Stroke Communication Deficits in the Acute Care Setting.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karen H Mallet

    Full Text Available Approximately 40% of patients diagnosed with stroke experience some degree of aphasia. With limited health care resources, patients' access to speech and language therapies is often delayed. We propose using mobile-platform technology to initiate early speech-language therapy in the acute care setting. For this pilot, our objective was to assess the feasibility of a tablet-based speech-language therapy for patients with communication deficits following acute stroke.We enrolled consecutive patients admitted with a stroke and communication deficits with NIHSS score ≥1 on the best language and/or dysarthria parameters. We excluded patients with severe comprehension deficits where communication was not possible. Following baseline assessment by a speech-language pathologist (SLP, patients were provided with a mobile tablet programmed with individualized therapy applications based on the assessment, and instructed to use it for at least one hour per day. Our objective was to establish feasibility by measuring recruitment rate, adherence rate, retention rate, protocol deviations and acceptability.Over 6 months, 143 patients were admitted with a new diagnosis of stroke: 73 had communication deficits, 44 met inclusion criteria, and 30 were enrolled into RecoverNow (median age 62, 26.6% female for a recruitment rate of 68% of eligible participants. Participants received mobile tablets at a mean 6.8 days from admission [SEM 1.6], and used them for a mean 149.8 minutes/day [SEM 19.1]. In-hospital retention rate was 97%, and 96% of patients scored the mobile tablet-based communication therapy as at least moderately convenient 3/5 or better with 5/5 being most "convenient".Individualized speech-language therapy delivered by mobile tablet technology is feasible in acute care.

  15. Is It Now Institutionally Appropriate for the Courts to Consider Whether the Assisted Dying Ban is Human Rights Compatible? Conway V Secretary of State for Justice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobson, Clark

    2017-11-07

    Noel Conway has ultimately been granted permission to apply for judicial review, to seek a declaration under section 4(2) Human Rights Act 1998 that section 2(1) Suicide Act 1961 is incompatible with his right to respect for private life under Article 8(1) ECHR. Both decisions in the application process are significant. They attempt to deal with the qualitative elements in the reasoning of Lords Neuberger, Mance and Wilson, in Nicklinson v Ministry of Justice: what Parliament is required to have done to have 'satisfactorily addressed' the question of relaxing or modifying section 2(1) Suicide Act. In failing to consider the explicit use of qualitative reasoning, both courts fail to interpret Nicklinson properly-that Parliament must change the law, with a declaration of incompatibility likely if it failed to do so. The Court of Appeal was correct to overrule the High Court's unqualified approach to whether it was now institutionally appropriate for a court to consider issuing a declaration of incompatibility, for the purposes of granting permission to apply for judicial review. However, the Court of Appeal directly signals their belief that a range of primary evidence bears out a system of assisted suicide for those in Mr Conway's position could feasibly be devised. This question though, as to evidence of a feasible system in the future, is irrelevant to whether permission to apply for judicial review should be granted to argue it is institutionally appropriate to make a declaration of incompatibility regarding current legislation. This is a problem Nicklinson has made for assisted dying and incompatibility debates. © The Author 2017. Published by Oxford University Press; all rights reserved. For Permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  16. Multiple stressors in Southern Africa: the link between HIV/AIDS, food insecurity, poverty and children's vulnerability now and in the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drimie, Scott; Casale, Marisa

    2009-01-01

    Several countries in Southern Africa now see large numbers of their population barely subsisting at poverty levels in years without shocks, and highly vulnerable to the vagaries of the weather, the economy and government policy. The combination of HIV/AIDS, food insecurity and a weakened capacity for governments to deliver basic social services has led to the region experiencing an acute phase of a long-term emergency. "Vulnerability" is a term commonly used by scientists and practitioners to describe these deteriorating conditions. There is particular concern about the "vulnerability" of children in this context and implications for children's future security. Through a review of literature and recent case studies, and using a widely accepted conceptualisation of vulnerability as a lens, we reflect on what the regional livelihoods crisis could mean for children's future wellbeing. We argue that an increase in factors determining the vulnerability of households - both through greater intensity and frequency of shocks and stresses ("external" vulnerability) and undermined resilience or ability to cope ("internal" vulnerability) - are threatening not only current welfare of children, but also their longer-term security. The two specific pathways we explore are (1) erosive coping strategies employed by families and individuals; and (2) their inability to plan for the future. We conclude that understanding and responding to this crisis requires looking at the complexity of these multiple stressors, to try to comprehend their interconnections and causal links. Policy and programme responses have, to date, largely failed to take into account the complex and multi-dimensional nature of this crisis. There is a misfit between the problem and the institutional response, as responses from national and international players have remained relatively static. Decisive, well-informed and holistic interventions are needed to break the potential negative cycle that threatens the

  17. "Coca got us here and now it's our weakness:" Fusarium oxysporum and the political ecology of a drug war policy alternative in Bolivia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, Zoe

    2016-07-01

    A strain of Fusarium oxysporum fungus is killing coca plants in the Chapare coca growing region of Bolivia. Coca farmers are already constrained in the amount of coca they can grow under the government's community-based coca control approach, "social control." Coca leaf is the main ingredient in cocaine, but it is also a traditional medicine and food, is economically vital to household incomes, and is a political symbol of the current government administration. Bolivia's approach to coca control, now administered without any United States military intervention, is an innovative example of experimentation with drug policy reform. This paper is based on ethnographic research including semi-structured interviews and observation. Coca growers are worried about the dire economic, social, and political consequences of the fungus' appearance and spread since summer 2013. They have two explanations for its origins: First, that it was sent by the United States government, which in the past was developing a strain of F. oxysporum for use in the drug war; Second, and the explanation of scientists, is that the outbreak is caused by the overuse of agrochemicals and other intensive agricultural practices. More than a matter of agroecology, the practices identified in the second explanation must be understood in terms of the persistence of the international drug prohibition regime. Bolivia's social control approach is a successful alternative to violent eradication measures, however the country is constrained to uphold the fundamental principles of supply-side control in order to be a respected partner in global drug control. The supply-side logics restricting social control make intensive agriculture practices attractive, but may have contributed to the fungus' proliferation and its continued spread. The fungus draws attention to the challenges of policy reform, new collateral damages of drug control, and role environmental factors can play in drug control politics. Copyright

  18. RecoverNow: Feasibility of a Mobile Tablet-Based Rehabilitation Intervention to Treat Post-Stroke Communication Deficits in the Acute Care Setting.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallet, Karen H; Shamloul, Rany M; Corbett, Dale; Finestone, Hillel M; Hatcher, Simon; Lumsden, Jim; Momoli, Franco; Shamy, Michel C F; Stotts, Grant; Swartz, Richard H; Yang, Christine; Dowlatshahi, Dar

    2016-01-01

    Approximately 40% of patients diagnosed with stroke experience some degree of aphasia. With limited health care resources, patients' access to speech and language therapies is often delayed. We propose using mobile-platform technology to initiate early speech-language therapy in the acute care setting. For this pilot, our objective was to assess the feasibility of a tablet-based speech-language therapy for patients with communication deficits following acute stroke. We enrolled consecutive patients admitted with a stroke and communication deficits with NIHSS score ≥1 on the best language and/or dysarthria parameters. We excluded patients with severe comprehension deficits where communication was not possible. Following baseline assessment by a speech-language pathologist (SLP), patients were provided with a mobile tablet programmed with individualized therapy applications based on the assessment, and instructed to use it for at least one hour per day. Our objective was to establish feasibility by measuring recruitment rate, adherence rate, retention rate, protocol deviations and acceptability. Over 6 months, 143 patients were admitted with a new diagnosis of stroke: 73 had communication deficits, 44 met inclusion criteria, and 30 were enrolled into RecoverNow (median age 62, 26.6% female) for a recruitment rate of 68% of eligible participants. Participants received mobile tablets at a mean 6.8 days from admission [SEM 1.6], and used them for a mean 149.8 minutes/day [SEM 19.1]. In-hospital retention rate was 97%, and 96% of patients scored the mobile tablet-based communication therapy as at least moderately convenient 3/5 or better with 5/5 being most "convenient". Individualized speech-language therapy delivered by mobile tablet technology is feasible in acute care.

  19. The Wait Calculation: The Broader Consequences of the Minimum Time from Now to Interstellar Destinations and its Significance to the Space Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, A.

    This paper summarises the wait calculation [1] of interstellar voyagers which finds the minimum time to destination given exponential growth in the rate of travel available to a civilisation. The minimum time obliges stellar system colonisers to consider departure times a significant risk factor in their voyages since a departure then to a destination will beat a departure made at any other time before or after. Generalised conclusions will be drawn about the significant impact that departures to interstellar destinations before, at, or after the minimum time will have on the economic potential of missions and on the inevitability of competition between them. There will be no international law operating in interstellar space and an ability to escape predatory actions en route, or at the destination, can only be done by precise calculations of departure times. Social and economic forces affecting the factors in the growth equation are discussed with reference to the probability of accelerating growth reaching the technological Singularity and strengthening the growth incentive trap. Islamic banking practices are discussed as a credible alternative to compounding interest bearing paper for funding the space economy in the long term and for supporting stakeholder investment in such long term mission development. The paper considers the essential free productivity of the Earth's biosphere and the capital accumulations made possible by land productivity are essential components to a viable long term space economy and that research into re-creating the costless productivity of the biosphere at a destination will determine both the mission's ultimate success and provide means of returns for stakeholders during the long build up. Conclusions of these arguments suggest that the Icarus project should ignore a robotic interstellar mission concept and develop a manned colonising mission from now.

  20. Comparative evaluation of two rapid field tests for malaria diagnosis: Partec Rapid Malaria Test® and Binax Now® Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nkrumah, Bernard; Acquah, Samuel Ek; Ibrahim, Lukeman; May, Juergen; Brattig, Norbert; Tannich, Egbert; Nguah, Samuel Blay; Adu-Sarkodie, Yaw; Huenger, Frank

    2011-05-23

    About 90% of all malaria deaths in sub-Saharan Africa occur in children under five years. Fast and reliable diagnosis of malaria requires confirmation of the presence of malaria parasites in the blood of patients with fever or history suggestive of malaria; hence a prompt and accurate diagnosis of malaria is the key to effective disease management. Confirmation of malaria infection requires the availability of a rapid, sensitive, and specific testing at an affordable cost. We compared two recent methods (the novel Partec Rapid Malaria Test® (PT) and the Binax Now® Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (BN RDT) with the conventional Giemsa stain microscopy (GM) for the diagnosis of malaria among children in a clinical laboratory of a hospital in a rural endemic area of Ghana. Blood samples were collected from 263 children admitted with fever or a history of fever to the pediatric clinic of the Agogo Presbyterian Hospital. The three different test methods PT, BN RDT and GM were performed independently by well trained and competent laboratory staff to assess the presence of malaria parasites. Results were analyzed and compared using GM as the reference standard. In 107 (40.7%) of 263 study participants, Plasmodium sp. was detected by GM. PT and BN RDT showed positive results in 111 (42.2%) and 114 (43.4%), respectively. Compared to GM reference standard, the sensitivities of the PT and BN RDT were 100% (95% CI: 96.6-100) and 97.2% (95% CI: 92.0-99.4), respectively, specificities were 97.4% (95% CI: 93.6-99.3) and 93.6% (95% CI: 88.5-96.9), respectively. There was a strong agreement (kappa) between the applied test methods (GM vs PT: 0.97; p < 0.001 and GM vs BN RDT: 0.90; p < 0.001). The average turnaround time per tests was 17 minutes. In this study two rapid malaria tests, PT and BN RDT, demonstrated a good quality of their performance compared to conventional GM. Both methods require little training, have short turnaround times, are applicable as well as affordable and

  1. Modelling the dynamics and hazards of explosive eruptions: Where we are now, and confronting the next challenges (Sergey Soloviev Medal Lecture)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neri, Augusto

    2017-04-01

    Understanding of explosive eruption dynamics and assessment of their hazards continue to represent challenging issues to the present-day volcanology community. This is largely due to the complex and diverse nature of the phenomena, and the variability and unpredictability of volcanic processes. Nevertheless, important and continuing progress has been made in the last few decades in understanding fundamental processes and in forecasting the occurrences of these phenomena, thanks to significant advances in field, experimental and theoretical modeling investigations. For over four decades, for example, volcanologists have made major progress in the description of the nature of explosive eruptions, considerably aided by the development, improvement, and application of physical-mathematical models. Integral steady-state homogeneous flow models were first used to investigate the different controlling mechanisms and to infer the genesis and evolution of the phenomena. Through continuous improvements and quantum-leap developments, a variety of transient, 3D, multiphase flow models of volcanic phenomena now can implement state-of-the-art formulations of the underlying physics, new-generation analytical and experimental data, as well as high-performance computational techniques. These numerical models have proved to be able to provide key insights in the understanding of the dynamics of explosive eruptions (e.g. convective plumes, collapsing columns, pyroclastic density currents, short-lived explosions, etc.), as well as to represent a valuable tool in the quantification of potential eruptive scenarios and associated hazards. Simplified models based on a reduction of the system complexity have been also proved useful, combined with Monte Carlo and statistical methods, to generate quantitative probabilistic hazard maps at different space and time scales, some including the quantification of important sources of uncertainty. Nevertheless, the development of physical models

  2. Remote Forensics May Bring the Next Sea Change in E-discovery: Are All Networked Computers Now Readily Accessible Under the Revised Federal Rules of Civil Procedure?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    AleJoseph J. Schwerha

    2008-09-01

    on geographically dispersed computers remotely.  That process, in general, is often defined as remote forensics. The question is now whether newly available remote forensic solution indicate that all networked computers are readily accessible under the current state of the law.  This article attempts to define remote forensics, examines a selection of applicable court decisions, and then analyzes the currently available commercial software packages that allow remote forensics.

  3. First a hero of science and now a martyr to science: the James Watson Affair - political correctness crushes free scientific communication.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Charlton, Bruce G

    2008-01-01

    In 2007 James D. Watson, perhaps the most famous living scientist, was forced to retire from his position and retreat from public life in the face of international mass media condemnation following remarks concerning genetically-caused racial differences in intelligence. Watson was punished for stating forthright views on topics that elite opinion has determined should be discussed only with elaborate caution, frequent disclaimers, and solemn deference to the currently-prevailing pieties. James Watson has always struck many people as brash; however this blunt, truth-telling quality was intrinsic to his role in one of the greatest scientific discoveries. Much more importantly than 'good manners', Watson has consistently exemplified the cardinal scientific virtue: he speaks what he understands to be the truth without regard for the opinion of others. The most chilling aspect of the Watson Affair was the way in which so many influential members of the scientific research community joined the media condemnation directed against Watson. Perhaps the most egregious betrayal of science was an article by editorialists of the premier UK scientific journal Nature. Instead of defending the freedom of discourse in pursuit of scientific truth, Nature instead blamed Watson for being 'crass' and lacking 'sensitivity' in discussing human genetic differences. But if asked to choose between the 'sensitive' editors of Nature or the 'crass' genius of James D. Watson, all serious scientists must take the side of Watson. Because when a premier researcher such as Watson is hounded from office by a vicious, arbitrary and untruthful mob; all lesser scientists are made vulnerable to analogous treatment at the whim of the media. A zealous and coercive brand of 'political correctness' is now making the biological truth of human genetic differences intolerably difficult to discover and discuss in US and UK. This needs to change. My hope is that truth will prevail over political correctness and

  4. Actitudes, dudas y conocimientos de los colectivos implicados en la atención del paciente con Alzheimer: resultados de la encuesta del proyecto kNOW Alzheimer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Martínez-Lage Álvarez

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: La enfermedad de Alzheimer (EA involucra a colectivos diversos de profesionales y cuidadores. Las actitudes y necesidades de formación en diagnóstico temprano, tratamiento, síntomas conductuales, recursos sociosanitarios y aspectos legales o éticos son desconocidas. Métodos: Estudio observacional transversal tipo encuesta dentro del proyecto kNOW Alzheimer, iniciativa de la SEN, SEGG, SEMERGEN, SEFAC y CEAFA mediante cuestionarios específicos. Cada sociedad invitó a todos sus miembros a cumplimentarlos a través de www.knowalzheimer.com. Resultados: Participaron 114 neurólogos, 113 geriatras, 275 médicos de atención primaria, 328 farmacéuticos y 858 cuidadores. Los retrasos en el diagnóstico se originan en pacientes y cuidadores, el sistema y en los profesionales, que carecen de medios o malinterpretan síntomas tempranos. Persiste el uso del término “demencia senil”. Profesionales y cuidadores perciben buena eficacia del tratamiento. Se apuesta por el diagnóstico y tratamiento en fase pre-demencia. Hay déficit de formación en el manejo de la conducta. Los profesionales afirman que informan pero los cuidadores se sienten desinformados. Los cuidadores desean conocer cuanto antes si ellos o un familiar padecen Alzheimer. Los síntomas conductuales y la necesidad de restringir actividades son fuentes de sobrecarga. Los farmacéuticos pueden contribuir a la detección y manejo, pero precisan de formación amplia. Hay necesidad de formación en aspectos legales, bioéticos, recursos y acceso a la investigación. Conclusiones: Este proyecto ha permitido obtener información sobre actitudes y dudas de los colectivos involucrados en la atención a la EA, necesidades de formación y puntos de mejora.

  5. When does State Interference with Property (now Amount to Expropriation? An Analysis of the Agri SA Court's State Acquisition Requirement (Part I

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ernst Jacobus Marais

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Section 25 of the Constitution provides two ways in which the state may interfere with property rights, namely deprivation (section 25(1 and expropriation (section 25(2. As only the latter requires compensation, there is an incentive for property holders to label any infringement upon their property as expropriation in the hope of being compensated for their losses. It is therefore essential to have a principled distinction between these two forms of state interference, especially given the danger that uncertainty in this regard can hold for legitimate land reform initiatives, which often entail severe limitations on property. In the Agri SA case the Constitutional Court recently revisited this distinction and held that the distinguishing feature of expropriation is that it entails state acquisition of property. Two aspects of this judgment are worthy of consideration. Firstly, the centrality of acquisition makes it necessary to clarify its meaning and role in our law. Secondly, the Court's effect-centred test to establish whether acquisition took place appears incapable of coherently categorising property infringements that fall within the grey area between deprivation and expropriation. To address these two questions this article is divided into two parts. Part I investigates the meaning and role of state acquisition in South African law. Pre-constitutional expropriation law reveals that expropriation is an original method of acquisition of ownership and that the objects of expropriation include ownership, limited real rights, and certain personal rights, which correspond to the meaning attributed to this requirement in Agri SA. However, post-constitutional judgments diverge from pre-constitutional law regarding the role of state acquisition, where it was merely regarded as a general hallmark of expropriation. After Agri SA state acquisition is (now the "key feature" that distinguishes expropriation from deprivation. A brief analysis of

  6. With the advent of domestic 3-dimensional (3D) printers and their associated reduced cost, is it now time for every medical school to have their own 3D printer?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balestrini, Christopher; Campo-Celaya, Tatiana

    2016-01-01

    Anatomy is the backbone of medical education and new techniques to improve learning are frequently explored. With the introduction of 3D printers specifically for the home market, the price of this technology has reached affordable levels. Using patient scan data, accurate 3D models can be printed that represent real human variation in anatomy to provide an innovative, inexpensive and valuable adjunct to anatomical teaching. Is it now time for every medical school to have their own 3D printer?

  7. Prevalence of Ex Vivo High On-treatment Platelet Reactivity on Antiplatelet Therapy after Transient Ischemic Attack or Ischemic Stroke on the PFA-100(®) and VerifyNow(®).

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Kinsella, Justin A

    2012-09-12

    BACKGROUND: The prevalence of ex vivo high on-treatment platelet reactivity (HTPR) to commonly prescribed antiplatelet regimens after transient ischemic attack (TIA) or ischemic stroke is uncertain. METHODS: Platelet function inhibition was simultaneously assessed with modified light transmission aggregometry (VerifyNow; Accumetrics Inc, San Diego, CA) and with a moderately high shear stress platelet function analyzer (PFA-100; Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc, Malvern, PA) in a pilot, cross-sectional study of TIA or ischemic stroke patients. Patients were assessed on aspirin-dipyridamole combination therapy (n = 51) or clopidogrel monotherapy (n = 25). RESULTS: On the VerifyNow, HTPR on aspirin was identified in 4 of 51 patients (8%) on aspirin-dipyridamole combination therapy (≥550 aspirin reaction units on the aspirin cartridge). Eleven of 25 (44%) patients had HTPR on clopidogrel (≥194 P2Y12 reaction units on the P2Y12 cartridge). On the PFA-100, 21 of 51 patients (41%) on aspirin-dipyridamole combination therapy had HTPR on the collagen-epinephrine (C-EPI) cartridge. Twenty-three of 25 patients (92%) on clopidogrel had HTPR on the collagen-adenosine diphosphate (C-ADP) cartridge. The proportion of patients with antiplatelet HTPR was lower on the VerifyNow than PFA-100 in patients on both regimens (P < .001). CONCLUSIONS: The prevalence of ex vivo antiplatelet HTPR after TIA or ischemic stroke is markedly influenced by the method used to assess platelet reactivity. The PFA-100 C-ADP cartridge is not sensitive at detecting the antiplatelet effects of clopidogrel ex vivo. Larger prospective studies with the VerifyNow and with the PFA-100 C-EPI and recently released Innovance PFA P2Y cartridges (Siemens Medical Solutions USA, Inc) in addition to newer tests of platelet function are warranted to assess whether platelet function monitoring predicts clinical outcome in ischemic cerebrovascular disease.

  8. The here and now ... or then?

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Is the universe - correction, 'our' universe - no more than a speck of cosmic dust amid an infinite number of parallel worlds? A staple of mind-bending science fiction, the possibility of multiple universes has long intrigued hard-nosed physicists, mathematicians and cosmologists.

  9. We Are All Roman Porn Stars Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bousquet, Marc

    2012-01-01

    American Association of University Professors (AAUP) members are likely to be familiar with the 1960 adaptation of Howard Fast's "Spartacus" by Stanley Kubrick and Dalton Trumbo, a rousing Kirk Douglas production widely credited with breaking the Hollywood blacklist. They are a bit less likely to be among the five or six million weekly viewers of…

  10. Main Maralinga test sites now clean

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon

    2000-01-01

    Landscaping and revegetating work will soon he complete, bringing the Maralinga Rehabilitation Project to a conclusion on time and within its 108 million budget. The project involved removing surface soil from the resulting plutonium-contaminated areas and the treatment of a number of contaminated debris pits.The Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency (ARPANSA) monitored the clean-up operation to ensure that the clearance criteria has been met. ARPANSA has indicated that the burial trenches have been constructed consistent with the national Code of Practice for the Near-Surface Disposal of Radioactive Waste

  11. Tooth whitening: what we now know.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carey, Clifton M

    2014-06-01

    Current research about tooth whitening shows that it is safe and effective when manufacturer's protocol is followed, yet there are risks of which the profession and users should be aware. This update provides a summary of current research and assessment of the safety and efficacy of tooth whitening regimens. Tooth whitening has become one of the most frequently requested dental procedures by the public. The public has come to demand whiter, more perfect smiles and in response many choices for tooth whitening have been made available. These include home-based products such as toothpastes, gels, and films, as well as in-office based systems where products containing highly concentrated bleaching agents are applied under professional supervision. The profession and public have been aware of certain risks related to tooth whitening such as increased tooth sensitivity and gingival irritation. New research has shown that there are other risks such as tooth surface roughening and softening, increased potential for demineralization, degradation of dental restorations, and unacceptable color change of dental restorations. The new research is also focused on optimizing whitening procedures to reduce tooth sensitivity and to increase the persistence of the whitening. Current reports in the literature are reviewed that are related to the use of peroxide based whitening methods. These reports include in vitro studies for method optimization and mechanism as well as clinical studies on effects of various whitening regimens. When manufacturer's instructions are followed, hydrogen peroxide and carbamide peroxide based tooth whitening is safe and effective. Patients should be informed of the risks associated with tooth whitening and instructed on identification of adverse occurrences so that they may seek professional help as needed. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. East coast development overview : why now?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anderson, J.

    1998-01-01

    Progress achieved in developing East coast natural gas markets was discussed. Mobil, Shell, Imperial, Mosbacher and Nova Scotia Resources received the go-ahead for the Sable Offshore Energy Project last December. The owner companies created Sable Offshore Energy Inc. (SOE Inc.) for managing and operating the development. Mobil (which has 50 per cent of the total invested in the Sable offshore project) and their partners will spend an average of one million dollars per day in Nova Scotia over the next 22 months in order to ensure that they will deliver gas from the offshore site by late 1999. That is in addition to the 400 million dollars already spent by the consortium in the province of Nova Scotia. Job creation, of particular significance in the Atlantic provinces, is also expected to be a significant factor in lifting the GDP of Nova Scotia to three per cent in 1998. According to an estimate by the Bank of Nova Scotia, the Sable and pipeline projects alone will create more than 7,500 spin-off jobs. The five major factors which make eastern Canada development possible and economically attractive are: (1) resource potential, (2) technological advancements, (3) alliances, (4) market proximity, and (5) the rapidly expanding global market for natural gas. Each of these factors and how they impact on the East coast natural gas industry were discussed in some detail

  13. A child abuse research network: Now what?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindberg, Daniel M; Scribano, Philip V

    2017-08-01

    As foundational work in preparation for a sustainable, multi-center network devoted to child abuse medical research, we recently used a combination of survey and modified Delphi methodologies to determine research priorities for future multi-center studies. Avoiding missed diagnoses, and improving selected/indicated prevention were the topics rated most highly in terms of research priority. Several constructive commentaries in this issue identify the key challenges which must be overcome to ensure a successful network. Indeed, as with the clinical work of child abuse pediatrics, a scientific network will also require constant collaboration within and outside the community of child abuse pediatricians, the wider medical community, and even non-medical professions. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. 'Now she has become my daughter'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maastrup, Ragnhild; Weis, Janne; Engsig, Anne B

    2018-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Based on the Family-Centred Care philosophy, skin-to-skin contact is a key activity in neonatal care, and use of this practice is increasing also with extremely preterm infants. Little is known about parents' immediate experiences of and readiness for skin-to-skin contact, while......: (i) overcoming ambivalence through professional support and personal experience; (ii) proximity creating parental feelings and an inner need to provide care; (iii) feeling useful as a parent and realising the importance of skin-to-skin contact. Having repeatedly gone through stages 2 and 3, parents...... their fragile infant may still not be 'on safe ground'. Knowledge about parents' experiences might reduce doubt and reluctance among healthcare professionals to use skin-to-skin contact with extremely preterm infants and thus increase its dissemination in practice. AIMS AND OBJECTIVES: To explore parents...

  15. The mind: psychoanalytic understanding then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bergmann, Martin S

    2008-01-01

    The author discusses the evolution of psychoanalytic understanding from Freud's time to the present, citing the influence of various sociocultural changes. He addresses Freud's proper place in history and notes ways in which Freud's contributions cast him as belonging to Romanticism. Freud's shift from the topographic model of the mind to the structural one, and the influence of this on psychoanalysis, is discussed, as well as important developments in the field since Freud. The author focuses particularly on difficulties encountered in psychoanalytic practice today, and he describes what he has termed organizing interpretations as uniquely valuable in the treatment setting.

  16. "What do we do now, Ollie?"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert L. Irwin

    1995-01-01

    A personal overview of why California is suffering billion-dollar-per-year costs and losses from wildland fire is presented. Two primary and ten supplemental factors contribute to the huge losses. The primary factors are lack of planning effectiveness and lack of adequate fuels management on a sustained basis. Supplemental factors target organizational and political...

  17. Long-baseline experiments, now and soon!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The new results available this year from a number of neutrino experiments bring into stronger focus the details in the `Standard Model' of neutrino oscillations described by the PMNS mixing matrix. However, the parameters are still not known to very high precision. The next few years look bright for accelerator neutrino ...

  18. Clean Cities Now, Vol. 18, No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2014-04-30

    The Spring 2014 edition of the semi-annual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on deployment of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  19. Laser acceleration... now with added fibre

    CERN Multimedia

    Katarina Anthony

    2012-01-01

    Laser acceleration technology is plagued by two main issues: efficiency and repetition rates. In other words, lasers consume too much power and cannot sustain accelerating particles long enough to produce collisions. ICAN, a new EU-funded project, is examining how fibre lasers may help physicists tackle these issues.   A diode-pumped fibre laser. (Image courtesy of Laser Zentrum Hannover.) The International Coherent Amplification Network (ICAN) is studying the potential of lasers for collision physics. CERN is a beneficiary of the project and will collaborate with 15 other institutes from around the world, including KEK in Japan, Fermilab in the USA, and DESY in Germany. “The network is looking into existing fibre laser technology, which we believe has fantastic potential for accelerators,” says Gerard Mourou, ICAN co-ordinator at the École Polytechnique in France. “The hope is to make laser acceleration competitive with traditional radio-fre...

  20. Water in Athens Then and Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Christaki, Maria

    2015-04-01

    The presentation examines the water sources and the water supply projects in Athens in relation to the historical, urban and demographic development since 3500 BC. Athens and the Athens basin were inhabited from the Late Neolithic period (about 5300-4500 BC.). In recent years, after thorough investigations and excavations in the north and south side of the Acropolis, the Agora and the Dipylon, conclusions were drawn regarding the historical construction and residential development of Athens. The findings show that the Athenians had settled permanently on the sides of the Acropolis from Hysteroneolithic or Final Neolithic period (3500-3000 BC.). The water provision was primarily secured by using wells and natural springs, such as the Neolithic wells near the Klepsydra spring. The climate in Attica is dry Mediterranean with sunny and dry summers and wet and mild winters. The annual precipitation in the city of Athens is about 400 mm and long dry periods are been detected in historical times all the way to today. Since prehistoric times, the city of Athens and the wider region of Attica did not contain many natural water sources so aquatic reserves were never adequate to meet the needs of residents, as these changed over time The lack of water in Attica drove its inhabitants to study the flow of rivers and penetration of rain into the earth to discover and extract hidden waters. This enabled Athenians to acquire technical expertise and develop a significant hydrotechnologic culture, as evidenced by their works. As the population of Athens and the need for water increased residents - among others - turned to obtaining water from distant sources and construct aqueducts that brought water into the city using gravity. In the mid of 6th century BC (tyranny of Peisistrateidon) and while the population was 300,000 the Peisistrateio aqueduct built. After the 6th. century BC there were, fountains, cisterns, reservoirs and aqueducts throughout the city. In Roman Athens, the requirement for large volumes of water brought about the construction of the brilliant Hadrian's aqueduct in 140. AD that supplied water to Athens for 1800 years. The large population explosion in 1922, (as Athens welcomed refugees) and the increased population of 800,000 by 1928, led to the construction of the dam of Marathon. The population of Athens in the decade 1950-1960 was 1,850,000 and opened a new water supply project, the lake Hylike. In 1981 the population of the capital region exceeded 3,000,000 and a new dam was constructed along the Mornos river. In 2001 the diversion of the Evinos river into Mornos was completed.

  1. Adaptation: resources now to plan and implement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huq, Saleemul

    2011-11-15

    Wealthy nations have committed to support developing countries to establish National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) that identify long-term priorities for responding to climate change challenges. But how and when will this support be given? Past experience suggests that national adaptation planning in expectation of future international funding is fraught with difficulties. Contributors to fast-start climate finance should release funds to developing countries straight away. These funds must be sufficient to plan longer-term adaptation strategies as well as implement immediate priorities. Equally importantly, recipients of these funds must decide for themselves how best to spend it.

  2. Stuff goes wrong, so act now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riis-Vestergaard, Michala Iben; Haushofer, Johannes

    2017-01-01

    Pepper & Nettle make an ambitious and compelling attempt to isolate a common cause of what they call the behavioral constellation of deprivation. We agree with the authors that limited control can indeed help explain part of the difference in observed present-oriented behavior between the poor and the rich. However, we suggest that mortality risk is not the primary mechanism leading to this apparent impatience.

  3. Closing the Gender Gap: Act Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    OECD Publishing (NJ3), 2012

    2012-01-01

    Gender gaps are pervasive in all walks of economic life and imply large losses in terms of foregone productivity and living standards to the individuals concerned and the economy. This new OECD report focuses on how best to close these gender gaps under four broad headings: (1) Gender equality, social norms and public policies; and gender equality…

  4. The European energy community is now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andoura, Sami; Buzek, Jerzy; Delors, Jacques; Vitorino, Antonio

    2013-01-01

    On the eve of the European Council on 22 May dealing with energy issues, the Jacques Delors Institute publishes a Tribune calling for the implementation of a positive agenda for the European energy policy and the definition of the concrete bases of a genuine European Energy

  5. Electroacoustic Stimulation: Now and into the Future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irving, S.; Gillespie, L.; Richardson, R.; Rowe, D.; Fallon, J. B.; Wise, A. K.

    2014-01-01

    Cochlear implants have provided hearing to hundreds of thousands of profoundly deaf people around the world. Recently, the eligibility criteria for cochlear implantation have been relaxed to include individuals who have some useful residual hearing. These recipients receive inputs from both electric and acoustic stimulation (EAS). Implant recipients who can combine these hearing modalities demonstrate pronounced benefit in speech perception, listening in background noise, and music appreciation over implant recipients that rely on electrical stimulation alone. The mechanisms bestowing this benefit are unknown, but it is likely that interaction of the electric and acoustic signals in the auditory pathway plays a role. Protection of residual hearing both during and following cochlear implantation is critical for EAS. A number of surgical refinements have been implemented to protect residual hearing, and the development of hearing-protective drug and gene therapies is promising for EAS recipients. This review outlines the current field of EAS, with a focus on interactions that are observed between these modalities in animal models. It also outlines current trends in EAS surgery and gives an overview of the drug and gene therapies that are clinically translatable and may one day provide protection of residual hearing for cochlear implant recipients. PMID:25276779

  6. Women's Midlife Journey: If Not Now, When...?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langer, Nieli

    2008-01-01

    The transition into menopause can be a time of apprehension and uncertainty; it can also be a time experienced as an emotional upheaval brought on through changes in hormonal levels. However, menopause with the appropriate attitude and motivation can be a time of freedom and rebirth. Menopause invites a powerful review of women's lives and a…

  7. India's Telecom Story is now well known

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... at 100 million lines per year. Growing at 100 million lines per year. Largest telecom market in the world. But India was struggling at under 10 million lines in 1994. Growing at 1 million per year. What happened? Liberalization of Telecom; Wireless in Local Loop. To reduce CAPEX; For fast build-up; For low maintenance cost.

  8. MCNP software quality : then and now /

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Giesler, G. C. (Gregg Carl)

    2001-01-01

    MCNP is the Monte Carlo N-Particle radiation transport code whose history dates back more than half a century to the early days of computing. From a simple beginning, its uses have grown to include fields such as criticality safety, radiation shielding, oil well logging, and medical imaging and diagnostics and an international user community of over 3000 users. This large user community could only happen by the maintainance of sofware quality throughout its history. This paper will describe how the quality was maintained in the past, how the process is being improved today, and directions for future efforts.

  9. So, Doctor, Now, What Do I Do?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schueler Reis, Eliana

    2017-04-01

    This paper proposes a discussion about acting on the therapeutic relationship using the notions of playing and the "use of an object" formulated by Winnicott; the formulations of Ferenczi as the concepts of introjection and the "ability to feel with", as well as the concept of cartography from Deleuze and Guattari. It discusses how to manage the meeting with individuals who confront the analyst with sudden questions, gestures and actions. I propose that the management of the acting considers that there is a call for a conversation in which "doing" is in question, and in which the playful dimension of activities without rules is employed as a necessary option.

  10. Learning in medical colleges: then and now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil K Pandya, MCh

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Great changes have taken place in medical education in India over the past 50 years. In the medical colleges of yesteryears, pioneers and inspiring teachers made the study and practice of medicine meaningful. The competition for post-graduate studies was far less intense and students spent substantial time in the wards, and with patients. In contrast, the intense struggle to enroll in desired specialties has resulted in great importance being placed on the development of short-term memory. Deeper understanding of the subject is given short shrift. The implications of these trends on patient care are obvious. Students are not exposed to the humanities for “want of time” due to massive syllabi and this in turn leads to physicians who are trained with very little or no exposure to the discussion of human suffering that accompanies disease.

  11. The future of solar is now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anon.

    1995-01-01

    For nearly half a century, the photovoltaic cell, generating DC power solely from the sun, has represented one avenue to independence of the electric power grid. Developments in renew able energy systems have finally made it easier to live with the limitations of solar power while maintaining quality of life. This article presents an overview of advances in solar power. Topics include advances in photovoltaic technology and other power sources; technology improvements in sun trackers; battery technology; unanswered questions; and energy conservation

  12. Hospital marketing: now more than ever.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cameron, A N

    1984-01-01

    To achieve success in any significant marketing endeavor, four basic ingredients are needed. 1. A product or service that the customer needs and wants. 2. A marketing organization capable of bringing the product or service in contact with the customer. 3. A marketing plan, endorsed by top management, which identifies ways to achieve desired goals. 4. Constant vigilance in the marketplace to determine the effectiveness of the marketing effort and course corrections needed in the future. The health care industry is overcoming many of its misconceptions about marketing, but there is a long way to go. In the end, the hospitals that provide good quality care, based on the needs of the patients, and that build relationships before the need arises, will be successful. These will be the hospitals that do real marketing.

  13. Monitoring Molecules in Neuroscience Then and Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rice, Margaret E

    2017-02-15

    The 16th International Conference on Monitoring Molecules in Neuroscience (MMiN) was held in Gothenburg, Sweden in late spring 2016. This conference originated as a methods meeting focused on in vivo voltammetric techniques and microdialysis. Over time, however, the scope has evolved to include a number of other methods for neurochemical detection that range from single-cell fluorescence in vitro and in vivo in animal models to whole-brain imaging in humans. Overall, MMiN provides a unique forum for introducing new developments in neurochemical detection, as well as for reporting exciting neurobiological insights provided by established and novel methods. This Viewpoint includes a brief history of the meeting, factors that have contributed its evolution, and some highlights of MMiN 2016.

  14. Bolder science needed now for protected areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, James E M; Darling, Emily S; Venter, Oscar; Maron, Martine; Walston, Joe; Possingham, Hugh P; Dudley, Nigel; Hockings, Marc; Barnes, Megan; Brooks, Thomas M

    2016-04-01

    Recognizing that protected areas (PAs) are essential for effective biodiversity conservation action, the Convention on Biological Diversity established ambitious PA targets as part of the 2020 Strategic Plan for Biodiversity. Under the strategic goal to "improve the status of biodiversity by safeguarding ecosystems, species, and genetic diversity," Target 11 aims to put 17% of terrestrial and 10% of marine regions under PA status by 2020. Additionally and crucially, these areas are required to be of particular importance for biodiversity and ecosystem services, effectively and equitably managed, ecologically representative, and well-connected and to include "other effective area-based conservation measures" (OECMs). Whereas the area-based targets are explicit and measurable, the lack of guidance for what constitutes important and representative; effective; and OECMs is affecting how nations are implementing the target. There is a real risk that Target 11 may be achieved in terms of area while failing the overall strategic goal for which it is established because the areas are poorly located, inadequately managed, or based on unjustifiable inclusion of OECMs. We argue that the conservation science community can help establish ecologically sensible PA targets to help prioritize important biodiversity areas and achieve ecological representation; identify clear, comparable performance metrics of ecological effectiveness so progress toward these targets can be assessed; and identify metrics and report on the contribution OECMs make toward the target. By providing ecologically sensible targets and new performance metrics for measuring the effectiveness of both PAs and OECMs, the science community can actively ensure that the achievement of the required area in Target 11 is not simply an end in itself but generates genuine benefits for biodiversity. © 2016 Society for Conservation Biology.

  15. Now arriving at platform 1.. SUPER TRAIN

    CERN Document Server

    Matthews, Robert

    2008-01-01

    Superconducting materials hold the secret to new high-speed trains and are likely to be thw solution to the pending energy crisis. But they've been around for almost a cnetury, so what are we still waiting for asks. (4 pages)_

  16. Selfies are out - Now we take Healthies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fausing, Bent

    2014-01-01

    This article is about healthy selfies. Images of fit bodies and sweat are the hottest thing in selfies these days. They fit somewhere between recognition and narcissism, says an associate professor and PhD, Bent Fausing, who believes that the fit body is an images of success - and protection...

  17. Carbohydrate Chemistry from Fischer to Now

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    field of natural products chemistry is presented with appro- ..... of the group classified as modified monosaccharides. Its. N-acetyl derivative is the sole constituent of the polysaccharide, chitin, which occurs in the shell of the lobster, the cockroach ..... One of the earliest carbohydrate-based drugs to be used in clinical practice ...

  18. Looked at Life from Both Sides Now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jillian E. Smith

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available As the molecular top–down causality emerging through comparative genomics is combined with the bottom–up dynamic chemical networks of biochemistry, the molecular symbiotic relationships driving growth of the tree of life becomes strikingly apparent. These symbioses can be mutualistic or parasitic across many levels, but most foundational is the complex and intricate mutualism of nucleic acids and proteins known as the central dogma of biological information flow. This unification of digital and analog molecular information within a common chemical network enables processing of the vast amounts of information necessary for cellular life. Here we consider the molecular information pathways of these dynamic biopolymer networks from the perspective of their evolution and use that perspective to inform and constrain pathways for the construction of mutualistic polymers.

  19. New caribou crisis – then and now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert A. Ruttan

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available The reported decline of the Bathurst herd has caused considerable concern and has raised rumours of a “crisis” in which there is a possibility of extinction. This paper reflects on relevant lessons learned from the officially declared “crisis” of population decline in 1955/56 and a second crisis of overpopulation identified by the author a decade later.

  20. A Homeland Security Net Assessment Needed Now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-12-01

    intellectual giant comparable to such nuclear strategists as Bernard Brodie, Herman Kahn, Henry Kissinger, James Schlesinger, and Albert Wohlstetter.”18 He...take such a broad approach and might serve as models for a homeland-security net assessment include Bruce Hoffman , “A First Draft of the History of

  1. The Atlas Mountains: why there? Why now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ruiz, G.; Negro, F.; Foeken, J.; Stuart, F.; Babault, J.; Frizon de Lamotte, D.; Stockli, D.

    2009-04-01

    In Morocco, the High and Middle Atlas of Morocco are intra-continental fold-thrust belts situated in the southern foreland of the Rif orogen. The High Atlas and its eastern continuation in Algeria and Tunisia is an ENE-WSW to E-W trending belt about 2000kms long and 100kms wide. It is a key natural laboratory because it 1) is the southern and westernmost expression of Alpine-Himalayan orogeny, and 2) encompasses Pre-Cambrian to recent evolution of the region. Phases of shortening and exhumation of this orogen remain however ill constrained and the few available quantitative, data do not allow the present-day high topography (over 4000m) to be explained. In order to put constrains on the recent orogenic growth of the Atlas system, we investigated the temperature-time history of rocks combining extensive low-temperature thermochronological analysis (Fission tracks and (U-Th)/He on zircon and apatite) and peak temperature estimation by Raman spectroscopy of carbonaceous material. The target area is a NE-SW oriented transect between Marrakech and Igherm crossing the different structural segments of the western Atlas away from present-day fault systems. Results are much contrasted from one domain to the other: Pre-Cambrian bedrocks from the Anti-Atlas domain yield old Fission-Track ages on zircon (380-300 Ma), apatite (180-120 Ma) but also U-Th/He (150-110 Ma) still on apatite that are discussed in another contribution. U-Th/He ages on apatite are many from the High-Atlas (#>20) and much younger ranging between ~35 and 5 Ma. Maximum peak temperatures have also been calculated from carbon-rich lithologies of Paleozoic ages. Results indicate that these schists underwent maximum temperatures from 550-500°C in the axial zone of the High-Atlas to less than 250-200°C in the southern Sub-Atlas zone and Souss plain. The latter temperature window corresponds to the temperature range of the Partial Annealing/Retention Zone for Fission-Track (270-210°C) and (U-Th)/He (200-180°C) both on zircon mineral, such analyses are thus being acquired to determine when maximum burial was reached in the Atlas system. We performed a detailed vertical profile in the axial zone of the High-Atlas. Age-elevation relationship suggests that exhumation increased towards 1.0 km/my by the Late Miocene (~13-12 Ma). Further, continental series of Cretaceous age from the adjacent Sub-Atlas domains indicate total resetting to temperatures greater than 80°C suggesting that a post Cretaceous sedimentary pile of at least 3 kilometres in thickness is missing. The timing of the erosion of this pile is still unknown but it is being constrained by thermal modelling on the substratum of these domains. Our extensive thermochronological dataset provide for the first time constraints that evidence heterogeneous exhumation history across and along the chain, e.g. the High and Anti-Atlas are constituted in parts of bedrocks with roughly similar ages (absolute) but with very different ages for the ultimate phase of uplift/deformation. All these constraints are put together with structural and geophysical informations to discuss the recent tectono-thermal evolution of the Atlas system in the frame of the Africa-Europe convergence.

  2. Media Literacy, Congratulations! Now, the Next Step

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torrent, Jordi

    2011-01-01

    Media Literacy Education has definitely come a long way. The author remembers mentioning Media Literacy at a Prix Jeunesse presentation in New York City in the early-mid 1990s-- all the participants looked at him as a weirdo and politely ignored his comment on the necessity for TV producers to include or at least reflect upon media…

  3. Electrotherapy and mental illness: then and now

    OpenAIRE

    Gilman, Sander L.

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Today electrotherapy has reappeared as a therapy of choice for the treatment of depression and other forms of mental illness. It had de facto vanished from allopathic medicine from the 1920s to the end of the century. The debates about electrotherapy mirror the question of whether mental illness was somatic and to be treated by somatic means or psychological to be treated with psychotherapy. Sigmund Freud's move from an advocate to an opponent of electrothera...

  4. Electrotherapy and mental illness: then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilman, Sander L

    2008-09-01

    Today electrotherapy has reappeared as a therapy of choice for the treatment of depression and other forms of mental illness. It had de facto vanished from allopathic medicine from the 1920s to the end of the century. The debates about electrotherapy mirror the question of whether mental illness was somatic and to be treated by somatic means or psychological to be treated with psychotherapy. Sigmund Freud's move from an advocate to an opponent of electrotherapy is exemplary for a shift in attitude and the decline of electrotherapy. With the re-somaticization of mental illness over the past decades has come the reappearance of somatic therapies such as electrotherapy.

  5. Grass pollen immunotherapy: where are we now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Würtzen, Peter A; Gupta, Shashank; Brand, Stephanie; Andersen, Peter S

    2016-01-01

    During allergen immunotherapy (AIT), the allergic patient is exposed to the disease-inducing antigens (allergens) in order to induce clinical and immunological tolerance and obtain disease modification. Large trials of grass AIT with highly standardized subcutaneous and sublingual tablet vaccines have been conducted to document the clinical effect. Induction of blocking antibodies as well as changes in the balance between T-cell phenotypes, including induction of regulatory T-cell subtypes, have been demonstrated for both treatment types. These observations increase the understanding of the immunological mechanism behind the clinical effect and may make it possible to use the immunological changes as biomarkers of clinical effect. The current review describes the recent mechanistic findings for subcutaneous immunotherapy and sublingual immunotherapy/tablet treatment and discusses how the observed immunological changes translate into a scientific foundation for the observed clinical effects of grass pollen immunotherapy and lead to new treatment strategies for grass AIT.

  6. Transracial Adoption Is A Solution Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vieni, Miriam

    1975-01-01

    The author strongly argues for transracial adoption considering it as an effective way to eradicate various problems facing black children. She answers various objections raised against transracial adoption. The important issue, the author maintains, is to provide psychological care to many black children who need it badly. (SE)

  7. THE Port: Hackathon at CERN | Apply now!

    CERN Multimedia

    THE Port team

    2014-01-01

    Are you innovative and like to share your ideas with other enthusiasts? Would you like to apply your knowledge and skills to humanitarian problems? Are you motivated to work on issues beneficial to society?   Apply to our problem-solving workshop - also known as hackathon / makeathon - taking place at CERN from 31 October to 2 November. You will work in interdisciplinary teams on topics inspired by other NGOs like ICRC, UN Development Programme, UNOSAT and UNITAR. Example topics are: Virtual tower camera for air fields The conflict zone humanitarian demarcation certificate The 10$ inflatable fridge for field operations Wearable sign language interpreter Can mobile communication data reveal election fraud? Tracking and demarcation system for dogs in rescue and de-mining operations   The 4 teams of 7 hand-picked innovators will be assembled 6 weeks ahead of the event to give time for preparation as some hardware might be needed. In this time they c...

  8. THE Port: Hackathon at CERN | Apply now!

    CERN Multimedia

    THE Port team

    2014-01-01

    Are you innovative and do you like to share your ideas with other enthusiasts? Would you like to apply your knowledge and skills to humanitarian problems? Are you motivated to work on issues beneficial to society?   Apply for our problem-solving workshop - also known as a hackathon / makeathon - taking place at CERN from 31 October to 2 November. You will work in interdisciplinary teams on topics inspired by other NGOs such as the ICRC, UN Development Programme, UNOSAT and UNITAR. Example topics are: Virtual tower camera for air fields The conflict zone humanitarian demarcation certificate The $10 inflatable fridge for field operations Wearable sign language interpreter Can mobile communication data reveal election fraud? Tracking and demarcation system for dogs in rescue and de-mining operations   The four teams of seven hand-picked innovators will be assembled six weeks ahead of the event to give time for preparation as some hardware m...

  9. The flipped classroom: now or never?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hawks, Sharon J

    2014-08-01

    Pedagogical changes and new models of delivering educational content should be considered in the effort to address the recommendations of the 2007 Institute of Medicine report and Benner's recommendations on the radical transformation of nursing. Transition to the nurse anesthesia practice doctorate addresses the importance of these recommendations, but educational models and specific strategies on how to implement changes in educational models and systems are still emerging. The flipped classroom (FC) is generating a considerable amount of buzz in academic circles. The FC is a pedagogical model that employs asynchronous video lectures, reading assignments, practice problems, and other digital, technology-based resources outside the classroom, and interactive, group-based, problem-solving activities in the classroom. This FC represents a unique combination of constructivist ideology and behaviorist principles, which can be used to address the gap between didactic education and clinical practice performance. This article reviews recent evidence supporting use of the FC in health profession education and suggests ways to implement the FC in nurse anesthesia educational programs.

  10. Review your Computer Security Now and Frequently!

    CERN Multimedia

    IT Department

    2009-01-01

    The start-up of LHC is foreseen to take place in the autumn and we will be in the public spotlight again. This increases the necessity to be vigilant with respect to computer security and the defacement of an experiment’s Web page in September last year shows that we should be particularly attentive. Attackers are permanently probing CERN and so we must all do the maximum to reduce future risks. Security is a hierarchical responsibility and requires to balance the allocation of resources between making systems work and making them secure. Thus all of us, whether users, developers, system experts, administrators, or managers are responsible for securing our computing assets. These include computers, software applications, documents, accounts and passwords. There is no "silver bullet" for securing systems, which can only be achieved by a painstaking search for all possible vulnerabilities followed by their mitigation. Additional advice on particular topics can be obtained from the relevant I...

  11. Modernising medical regulation: where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waring, Justin; Dixon-Woods, Mary; Yeung, Karen

    2010-01-01

    This paper aims to outline and comment on the changes to medical regulation in the UK that provide the background to a special issue of the Journal of Health Organization and Management on regulating doctors. This paper takes the form of a review. Although the UK medical profession enjoyed a remarkably stable regulatory structure for most of the first 150 years of its existence, it has undergone a striking transformation in the last decade. Its regulatory form has mutated from one of state-sanctioned collegial self-regulation to one of state-directed bureaucratic regulation. The erosion of medical self-regulation can be attributed to: the pressures of market liberalisation and new public management reforms; changing ideologies and public attitudes towards expertise and risk; and high profile public failures involving doctors. The "new" UK medical regulation converts the General Medical Council into a modern regulator charged with implementing policy, and alters the mechanisms for controlling and directing the conduct and performance of doctors. It establishes a new set of relationships between the medical profession and the state (including its agencies), the public, and patients. This paper adds to the literature by identifying the main features of the reforms affecting the medical profession and offering an analysis of why they have taken place.

  12. External GSM phone calls now made simpler

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    On 2 July, the IT/CS Telecom Service introduced a new service making external calls from CERN GSM phones easier. A specific prefix is no longer needed for calls outside CERN. External calls from CERN GSM phones are to be simplified. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix to call an external number from the CERN GSM network.The Telecom Section of the IT/CS Group is introducing a new system that will make life easier for GSM users. It is no longer necessary to use a special prefix (333) to call an external number from the CERN GSM network. Simply dial the number directly like any other Swiss GSM customer. CERN currently has its own private GSM network with the Swiss mobile operator, Sunrise, covering the whole of Switzerland. This network was initially intended exclusively for calls between CERN numbers (replacing the old beeper system). A special system was later introduced for external calls, allowing them to pass thr...

  13. Genetics of Phenylketonuria: Then and Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blau, Nenad

    2016-06-01

    More than 950 phenylalanine hydroxylase (PAH) gene variants have been identified in people with phenylketonuria (PKU). These vary in their consequences for the residual level of PAH activity, from having little or no effect to abolishing PAH activity completely. Advances in genotyping technology and the availability of locus-specific and genotype databases have greatly expanded our understanding of the correlations between individual gene variant, residual PAH activity, tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4 ) responsiveness, and the clinical PKU phenotype. Most patients (∼76%) have compound heterozygous PAH gene variants and one mutated allele may markedly influence the activity of the second mutated allele, which in turn may influence either positively or negatively the activity of the biologically active heterotetrameric form of the PAH. While it is possible to predict the level of BH4 responsiveness (∼71%) and PKU severity (∼78%) from the nature of the underlying gene variants, these relationships remain complex and incompletely understood. A greater understanding of these relationships may increase the potential for individualized management of PKU in future. Inherited deficiencies in BH4 metabolism account for about 1%-2% of all hyperphenylalaninemias and are clinically more severe than PKU. Almost 90% of all patients are deficient in 6-pyruvoyl-tetrahydropterin synthase and dihydropteridine reductase. © 2016 WILEY PERIODICALS, INC.

  14. Concerns about globalisation - then and now

    OpenAIRE

    Spree, Reinhard

    2003-01-01

    In this paper the term 'globalisation' means the international integration of nationally organised markets in conjunction with increasing cross-country flows of factors of production. According to this globalisation has been under way for centuries. Globalisation is not a completely autonomous, not even a solely market driven process. Historically, it is for the most part determined by decisions of nation states. In times of globalisation speeding up, typically social and political debat...

  15. Sensing with FETs - once, now and future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Olthuis, Wouter; Faber, Erik Jouwert; Krommenhoek, E.E.; van den Berg, Albert; Gerlach, Gerald; Hauptmann, Peter

    2007-01-01

    In this paper a short overview is given of the several FET-based sensor devices and the operational principle of the ISFET is summarized. Some of the shortcomings of the FET sensors were circumvented by an alternative operational mode, resulting in a device capable of acid/base concentration

  16. Now or Never. The Fight Against Pollution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halacy , D. S., Jr.

    Documented in this book are the staggering problems of pollution, the facts and figures about pesticides, waste disposal, air, water, noise, and atomic pollution. In asking the question, "Is there a solution?", Mr. Halacy examines what (if anything) is being done to attack the problems, as well as the many promising technological innovations to…

  17. Dutch Policy and Practices: then and Now

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Spaan, W.P.; Riksen, M.J.P.M.; Winteraeken, H.J.

    2006-01-01

    Though erosion and its control is not a major issue in The Netherlands, in some regions of the country wind and water erosion have caused severe local damage and nuisance and continue to do so. The earliest farmers settled on the higher parts of The Netherlands but, over time, overexploitation has

  18. Treatment of Acute Diarrhoea: Past and Now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Caramia

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Context: Since ancient times diarrhoea has been a highly fatal disease and even today diarrhoea, the topic of this review, is a problem affecting millions of people around the world despite the efforts of governments and professionals from the medical area. Worldwide the most common cause of children’s death is diarrhoea. Evidence Acquisition: Diarrhoea disorders generally appear with watery stools, sometimes mixed with blood, accompanied by abdominal pain, vomiting and fever. The symptoms depend on the content and distribution of body fluid, daily water requirements and physiological water loss in connection with age through sweating, urination and breathing, the degree of fluid and electrolyte loss in the liquid stool. Results: Several effective interventions have been introduced as part of diarrhoea management in the last two decades such as oral rehydration solution, zinc supplementation, vitamin A supplementation and oral administration of antibiotics and vaccines. To reduce the mortality rate, control of safe drinking water, good sanitation and vaccination against typhoid and cholera are recommended, especially in high-risk populations. Probiotics have been proposed, after more than a half of century, as additional therapy in the treatment of acute diarrhoea. Several probiotic strains showed benefit in meta-analyses of randomised controlled trials. Conclusions: Due to the high level of evidence available, the term "oral bacterio therapy", used for decades in the prevention and the rapyof gastroenteritis in the growing age and adults, has expanded, but probiotics are acquiring significant scientific value based on theresults from human trials. The future of probiotics depends on further explanation/elucidation of basic mechanisms, allowing scientists and physicians to maximize their health benefits.

  19. Clean Cities Now Vol. 17, No. 2

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-10-23

    The Fall 2013 issue of the biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on deployment of alternative fuels and advanced vehicles, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  20. Rural Math Talent, Now and Then

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howley, Craig B.; Showalter, Daniel; Klein, Robert; Sturgill, Derek J.; Smith, Michael A.

    2013-01-01

    This article interprets inequality evident at the intersection of three realms: (a) mathematical talent (as a cultural phenomenon); (b) rural place and rural life; and (c) future economic, political, and ecological developments. The discussion explains this outlook on inequality, contextualizes interest in rural mathematics education, presents the…

  1. Blended learning pedagogy: the time is now!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pizzi, Michael A

    2014-07-01

    Pedagogy is rapidly changing. To develop best practice in academia, it is important that we change with the changing needs of students. This article suggests that blended learning is one of the most important pedagogical formats that can enhance student learning, optimize the use of active learning strategies, and potentially improve student learning outcomes.

  2. Preventing surgical site infection. Where now?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Humphreys, H

    2009-12-01

    Surgical site infection (SSI) is increasingly recognised as a measure of the quality of patient care by surgeons, infection control practitioners, health planners and the public. There is increasing pressure to compare SSI rates between surgeons, institutions and countries. For this to be meaningful, data must be standardised and must include post-discharge surveillance (PDS) as many superficial SSIs do not present to the original institution. Further work is required to determine the best method of conducting PDS. In 2008 two important documents on SSI were published from the Society for Healthcare Epidemiology of America\\/The Infectious Disease Society of America and the National Institute for Health and Clincal Excellence, UK. Both emphasise key aspects during the preoperative, operative and postoperative phases of patient care. In addition to effective interventions known to be important for some time, e.g. not shaving the surgical site until the day of the procedure, there is increasing emphasis on physiological parameters, e.g. blood glucose concentrations, oxygen tensions and body temperature. Laparoscopic procedures are increasingly associated with reduced SSI rates, and the screening and decontamination of meticillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus carriers is effective for certain surgical procedures but has to be balanced by cost and the risk of mupirocin resistance. Finally, there is a need to convert theory into practice by the rigorous application of SSI healthcare bundles. Recent studies suggest that, with a multidisciplinary approach, simple measures can be effective in reducing SSI rates.

  3. You May Now Open Your Test Tablets...

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaffhauser, Dian

    2012-01-01

    Tony Alpert, chief operating officer for the Smarter Balanced Assessment Consortium (SBAC), ponders whether to allow tablet computers--and particularly iPads--to be used for summative testing online. As Alpert points out, not only would student cheating compromise the validity of the individual student's test event, "worse yet, it could expose…

  4. Clean Cities Now Vol. 17, No. 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2013-05-24

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  5. A Healthy Start Can Begin Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    A healthy pregnancy begins before you ever become pregnant. Give yourself the best chance for a healthy pregnancy and healthy baby before you start down the road to motherhood. If you smoke, now’s a great time to quit.

  6. Direct Search Methods: Then and Now

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lewis, Robert

    2000-01-01

    .... In particular, while the original direct search methods were consciously based on straightforward heuristics, more recent analysis bas shown that in most-but not all cases these heuristics actually suffice to ensure global convergence of at least one subsequence of the sequence of iterates to a first-order stationary point of the objective function.

  7. Training + Technology: The Future Is Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heathman, Dena J.; Kleiner, Brian H.

    1991-01-01

    New applications of computer-assisted training being developed include telecommunications, artificial intelligence, soft skills training, and performance support systems. Barriers to acceptance are development time, costs, and lack of human contact. (SK)

  8. Clean Cities Now Vol. 16.1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2012-05-01

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  9. Biliary atresia: Where do we stand now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Govindarajan, Krishna Kumar

    2016-01-01

    The pathway from clinical suspicion to establishing the diagnosis of biliary atresia in a child with jaundice is a daunting task. However, investigations available help to point towards the correct diagnosis in reasonable time frame. Imaging by Sonography has identified several parameters which can be of utility in the diagnostic work up. Comparison of Sonography with imaging by Nuclear medicine can bring out the significant differences and also help in appropriate imaging. The battery of Biochemical tests, available currently, enable better understanding of the line-up of investigations in a given child with neonatal cholestasis. Management protocols enable standardized care with optimal outcome. The place of surgical management in biliary atresia is undisputed, although Kasai procedure and primary liver transplantation have been pitted against each other. This article functions as a platform to bring forth the various dimensions of biliary atresia. PMID:28083081

  10. The Cold War is over. What now?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hecker, S.S.

    1995-05-01

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  11. Now's the Time: Implementing Performance Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Legutko, Lee V.

    2012-01-01

    During the past several years, school systems have implemented a variety of organizational improvement initiatives, such as Six Sigma, Balanced Scorecards, Baldrige Criteria, activity-based costing, and managing for results. Unfortunately, evidence of sustained success is fleeting as school districts remain trapped in a time warp of command,…

  12. Hydrogen: What's Different Now

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gearhart, Chris C [National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2018-02-27

    This is an exciting time for hydrogen fuel-cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). They seem to be on the verge of a major market breakthrough. However, those of us who have been working in the hydrogen and FC industry for a while are familiar with the boom and bust cycle of FCEV hype-it feels like we have been here before. The first FC automobile was designed as far back as the 1960s. NASA was using FCs to power its spacecraft, and, in 1966, General Motors (GM) used this space-age technology in the prototype GM Electrovan. The Electrovan used the body and chassis of GM's Handivan, their production utility van at the time. The FC and hydrogen components for this vehicle filled nearly the entire available space of the van. At this point, FCs were clearly too expensive and impractical for production vehicles.

  13. Few-body physics: Then and now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Friar, J.L.

    1994-01-01

    This review describes past progress in selected topics of few-body nuclear physics, as well as calculations and experiments that the author believes necessary for further orderly progress. Review also gives specific data on binding energies and nuclear radii. 36 references

  14. The Cold War is Over. What Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hecker, S. S.

    1995-04-01

    As you might imagine, the end of the Cold War has elicited an intense reexamination of the roles and missions of institutions such as the Los Alamos National Laboratory. During the past few years, the entire defense establishment has undergone substantial consolidation, with a concomitant decrease in support for research and development, including in areas such as materials. The defense industry is down-sizing at a rapid pace. Even universities have experienced significant funding cutbacks from the defense community. I view this as a profound time in history, bringing changes encompassing much more than just the defense world. In fact, support for science and technology is being reexamined across the board more completely than at any other time since the end of World War II.

  15. Now & Then: Roger Whitmore, Police Officer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnes, Sue; Michalowicz, Karen Dee

    1995-01-01

    Discusses police officers' use of mathematics when reconstructing an accident scene; and the history of algebra, including al-Khwarizmi's works on the theory of equations, the Rhind Papyrus, a Chinese and an Indian manuscript on systems of linear and quadratic equations, and Diophantus'"syncopated algebra." (10 references) (EK)

  16. From Democracy to Socialism: Then and Now

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raekstad, P.; Panitch, L.; Albo, G.

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, we’ve seen more and more calls for ‘democracy’ – not only among familiar reformist and liberal groups, but from far more radical ones as well. Radical calls for democracy are seen in movements and organizations from the Arab Spring, Occupy, and the Movement of the Squares to the

  17. Now more than ever, nurses need resilience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-06-29

    I have been heartened over recent weeks by the many nurses and healthcare staff who have led the care of those caught up in the terrorist attacks in London and Manchester, as well as the catastrophic fire in London's Grenfell Tower.

  18. Consultant breast radiographers: Where are we now?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rees, Zebby

    2014-01-01

    Introduction: The aim of this study is to: • Evaluate the current role of the consultant breast radiographer. • Compare current practice with the four key components for consultant practice. • Gauge the support of radiologist colleagues. • Determine the other professional commitments involved with the role. This study could be the precursor for a macro study of all consultant radiographer practice in other specialities. Methodology: Methodology used was a comparative ethnographic study. Questionnaires to the 24 consultant breast radiographers currently in post, and consultant breast radiologists, who work with them, were conducted. Data collection was a qualitative thematic approach. Conclusion: Consultant breast radiographers provide high quality care to patients through excellent clinical practice, leadership and good communication. However, this study shows hospital Trusts emphasis for non medical consultants is for clinical practice first. Some radiologists are still a barrier to progression for consultant breast radiographers, and radiologists have a big influence in recruitment decisions. Consultant breast radiographer posts are well established, their numbers are increasing through recognition of the role and of their abilities and performance. Consultant breast radiographers state that becoming a consultant is the major achievement of their career, proving the Society of Radiographers' vision of the four-tier career structure has been well received by the radiography profession

  19. The Porter Stemming Algorithm: Then and Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Willett, Peter

    2006-01-01

    Purpose: In 1980, Porter presented a simple algorithm for stemming English language words. This paper summarises the main features of the algorithm, and highlights its role not just in modern information retrieval research, but also in a range of related subject domains. Design/methodology/approach: Review of literature and research involving use…

  20. Long-baseline experiments, now and soon!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-11-01

    Nov 1, 2012 ... mixing matrix. However, the parameters are still not known to very high precision. The next ... is correct, and our present measurements still have much scope for other interpretations. In the recent years, ... opportunity unique to Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), to study high pre- cision and high ...

  1. Candu technology: the next generation now

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hopwood, J.M.; Duffey, R.B.; Torgerson, D.F.

    2001-01-01

    We describe the development philosophy, direction and concepts that are being utilized by AECL to refine the CANDU reactor to meet the needs of current and future competitive energy markets. The technology development path for CANDU reactors is based on the optimization of the pressure tube concept. Because of the inherent modularity and flexibility of this basis for the core design, it is possible to provide a seamless and continuous evolution of the reactor design and performance. There is no need for a drastic shift in concept, in technology or in fuel. By continual refinement of the flow and materials conditions in the channels, the basic reactor can be thermally and operationally efficient, highly competitive and economic, and highly flexible in application. Thus, the design can build on the successful construction and operating experience of the existing plants, and no step changes in development direction are needed. This approach minimizes investor, operator and development risk but still provides technological, safety and performance advances. In today's world energy markets, major drivers for the technology development are: (a) reduced capital cost; (b) improved operation; (c) enhanced safety; and (d) fuel cycle flexibility. The drivers provide specific numerical targets. Meeting these drivers ensures that the concept meets and exceeds the customer economic, performance, safety and resource use goals and requirements, including the suitable national and international standards. This logical development of the CANDU concept leads naturally to the 'Next Generation' of CANDU reactors. The major features under development include an optimized lattice for SEU (slightly enriched uranium) fuel, light water cooling coupled with heavy water moderation, advanced fuel channels and CANFLEX fuel, optimization of plant performance, enhanced thermal and BOP (balance of plant) efficiency, and the adoption of layout and construction technology adapted from successful on-time plant construction projects. The development program is discussed and shown to meet the technology needs and targets. (authors)

  2. Building information modelling (BIM: now and beyond

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salman Azhar

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Building Information Modeling (BIM, also called n-D Modeling or Virtual Prototyping Technology, is a revolutionary development that is quickly reshaping the Architecture-Engineering-Construction (AEC industry. BIM is both a technology and a process. The technology component of BIM helps project stakeholders to visualize what is to be built in a simulated environment to identify any potential design, construction or operational issues. The process component enables close collaboration and encourages integration of the roles of all stakeholders on a project. The paper presents an overview of BIM with focus on its core concepts, applications in the project life cycle and benefits for project stakeholders with the help of case studies. The paper also elaborates risks and barriers to BIM implementation and future trends.

  3. Bridging Inequality from Both Sides Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiske, Susan T.; Molm, Linda D.

    2010-01-01

    Because inequality is one of the central concerns of sociologists, it has been addressed, in various ways, by virtually all of the major traditions of sociological social psychology--social structure and personality, symbolic interactionism, and group processes. For those who work in the social structure and personality tradition, inequality…

  4. Alzheimer disease immunotherapeutics: then and now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jindal, Harashish; Bhatt, Bhumika; Sk, Shashikantha; Singh Malik, Jagbir

    2014-01-01

    Dementia is a public health priority and one of the major contributors to morbidity and global non-communicable disease burden, thus necessitating the need for significant health-care interventions. Alzheimer disease (AD) is the most common cause of dementia and may contribute to 60-70% of cases. The cause and progression of AD are not well understood but have been thought to be due at least in part to protein misfolding (proteopathy) manifest as plaque accumulation of abnormally folded β-amyloid and tau proteins in brain. There are about 8 million new cases per year. The total number of people with dementia is projected to almost double every 20 years, to 66 million in 2030 and 115 million in 2050. Immunotherapy in AD aimed at β-amyloid covers 2 types of vaccination: active vaccination against Aβ42 in which patients receive injections of the antigen itself, or passive vaccination in which patients receive injections of monoclonal antibodies (mAb) against Aβ42. Three of the peptide vaccines for active immunizations, CAD106, ACC001, and Affitope, are in phase 2 clinical trials. Three of the mAbs solanezumab, gantenerumab, and crenezumab, are or were in phase 2 and 3 clinical studies. While the phase 3 trials failed, one of these may have shown a benefit at least in mild forms of AD. There is a need for a greater initiative in the development of immunotherapeutics. Several avenues have been explored and still to come.

  5. Buy it now: A hybrid market institution

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, Steven; Friedman, Daniel; Milam, Garrett; Singh, Nirvikar

    2007-01-01

    This paper analyzes seller choices and outcomes in approximately 700 Internet auctions of a relatively homogeneous good. The ‘Buy it Now’ option allows the seller to convert the auction into a posted price market. We use a structural model to control for the conduct of the auction as well as product and seller characteristics. In explaining seller choices, we find that the ‘Buy it Now’ option was used more often by sellers with higher ratings and offering fewer units; and posted prices were m...

  6. Now Nigeria looked at fiscal terms, prospects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ofurhie, M.A.; Amaechi, M.C.; Idowu, A.O.

    1991-01-01

    The allocation of funds among investment possibilities must of necessity include evaluation and ranking of alternatives. An essential prerequisite is a geophysical/geological evaluation followed by a reservoir/production analysis resulting in the prediction of recoverable reserves, reservoir performance, optimum method of development, and initial offtake return. An economic model of a typical Niger delta medium cost field with reserves of about 100 million bbl of oil under the royalty/tax system reveals that it is difficult to develop such a field when located offshore. This paper examines case histories involving smaller and larger field developments

  7. "Now" We Have an App for That

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaen, Richard J.; Hayden, Garry; Zydney, Janet M.

    2016-01-01

    The best Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) design challenges are student centered, with students themselves making the key decisions. But with young children who are still learning basic academic and social skills, implementing projects where they truly take the lead can be quite challenging. To give students at one…

  8. Software Training Classes Now Open | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    By Nancy Parrish, Staff Writer                                            Data Management Services, Inc. (DMS), has announced the opening of its spring session of software training classes, available to all employees at NCI at Frederick. Classes begin on March 31 and run through June 30.

  9. Sports helmets now and in the future.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntosh, Andrew Stuart; Andersen, Thor Einar; Bahr, Roald; Greenwald, Richard; Kleiven, Svein; Turner, Michael; Varese, Massimo; McCrory, Paul

    2011-12-01

    The paper reports on a symposium on sports helmets and presents a synthesis of information and opinion from a range of presenters and disciplines. A review of the literature shows that helmets play an important role in head injury prevention and control. Helmets have been shown to be very efficacious and effective in a range of sports and in preventing specific head injury risks, especially moderate to severe head injury. The symposium emphasised the importance of helmet standards and the need for further development. There are calls for helmets that address the needs of competitive (elite) athletes separate to helmets for recreational athletes. Deficiencies in the evidence base for head injury risks and helmet efficacy and effectiveness were identified in some sports. Issues in designing helmets that are suitable to prevent severe head injuries and concussion were discussed and explained from biomechanical and engineering perspectives. The need to evaluate helmet performance in oblique impacts and incorporate this into standards was covered in a number of presentations. There are emerging opportunities with in-helmet technology to improve impact performance or to measure impact exposure. In-helmet technology as it matures may provide critical information on the severity of the impact, the location of the injured athlete, for example, snowboarder, and assist in the retrieval and immediate, as well as the long-term medical management of the athlete. It was identified that athletes, families and sports organisations can benefit from access to information on helmet performance. The importance of selecting the appropriate-sized helmet and ensuring that the helmet and visor were adjusted and restrained optimally was emphasised. The translation pathway from the science to new and better helmets is the development of appropriate helmet standards and the requirement for only helmets to be used that are certified to those standards.

  10. Long-baseline experiments, now and soon!

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2012-11-01

    %. So we ... opportunity unique to Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (FNAL), to study high pre- cision and high energy .... experiments which look at the change in the rate of neutral current events over distance. (MINOS and ...

  11. Then and Now: Black Boycott in Waterloo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Ruth B.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses events following the desegregation of Waterloo, Iowa, schools. Describes the 1978 Black boycott of Hoover Junior High, which led to improvements in the treatment of Black students. Lists administrative responses to each Black grievance, and presents interviews with ten Black students three years after the boycott. (KH)

  12. India's Telecom Story is now well known

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    First page Back Continue Last page Overview Graphics. Growing at 100 million lines per year. Growing at 100 million lines per year. Largest telecom market in the world. But India was struggling at under 10 million lines in 1994. Growing at 1 million per year. What happened? Liberalization of Telecom; Wireless in Local ...

  13. Obama, Semana I: Now We Will

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Soreanu Pecequilo

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available

    o artigo trata dos desafios do novo

    presidente Barack Obama. Nesse sentido, analisa as

    perspectivas dos cem primeiros dias.

  14. Comparison of VerifyNow-P2Y12 test and Flow Cytometry for monitoring individual platelet response to clopidogrel. What is the cut-off value for identifying patients who are low responders to clopidogrel therapy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castelli Alfredo

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dual anti-platelet therapy with aspirin and a thienopyridine (DAT is used to prevent stent thrombosis after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI. Low response to clopidogrel therapy (LR occurs, but laboratory tests have a controversial role in the identification of this condition. Methods We studied LR in patients with stable angina undergoing elective PCI, all on DAT for at least 7 days, by comparing: 1 Flow cytometry (FC to measure platelet membrane expression of P-selectin (CD62P and PAC-1 binding following double stimulation with ADP and collagen type I either in the presence of prostaglandin (PG E1; 2 VerifyNow-P2Y12 test, in which results are reported as absolute P2Y12-Reaction-Units (PRU or % of inhibition (% inhibition. Results Thirty controls and 52 patients were analyzed. The median percentage of platelets exhibiting CD62P expression and PAC-1 binding by FC evaluation after stimulation in the presence of PG E1 was 25.4% (IQR: 21.4–33.1% and 3.5% (1.7–9.4%, respectively. Only 6 patients receiving DAT (11.5% had both values above the 1st quartile of controls, and were defined as LR. Evaluation of the same patients with the VerifyNow-P2Y12 test revealed that the area under the receiver-operating-characteristic (ROC curve was 0.94 (95% CI: 0.84–0.98, p 213 PRU gave the maximum accuracy for the detection of patients defined as having LR by FC. Conclusion In conclusion our findings show that a cut-off value of ≤ 15% inhibition or > 213 PRU in the VerifyNow-P2Y12 test may provide the best accuracy for the identification of patients with LR.

  15. We Insist! Freedom Now Suite: O Ativismo Político de Max Roach no Movimento de Direitos Civis através do Jazz (Estados Unidos, 1950-1960

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edimar Luciano Silva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo de sua história o jazz projetou-se como uma voz dos afroamericanos e, nos Estados Unidos, a partir do final dos anos 1950, a relação entre este gênero musical e a política se intensificou. O presente estudo elegeu o jazz como objeto e estabeleceu como recorte temporal o período que abrange de final os anos 1950 e 1960, momento de grande efervescência dos movimentos pelos direitos civis nos Estados Unidos, com destaque para a figura do baterista Max Roach e uma de suas obras: We Insist Freedom Now Suite. A partir desta escolha pretendemos compreender a atuação de Max Roach como ativista político e a forma como ele lançou mão da música para inserir-se no movimento dos direitos civis.

  16. Retinal Atherosclerosis, Ophthalmologically Reported and Documented with OSA in 1987, is now Totally Reversed, and Recorded, Photographically. The Supposition then was that Equivalent Cortical Damage could Respond to the same Healing Protocol.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niemi, Paul N.; O., D.; Mc Leod, David M.; Mc Leod, Roger D.

    2007-10-01

    Documented retinal atherosclerosis, ``silver streaking'' of retinal capillaries, was reported and documented with OSA, in October 1987. That retinal damage, despite claims it usually progresses and is nonreversible, is now completely cleared. The original OSA presentation proposed that equivalent cortical damage was probably present throughout the brain at that time, as attested by failing short-term memory performance and transient ischemic attacks, TIAs, brief vision strokes. The supposition then was that ophthalmologic access to the retina, by some accounts the progenitor of all brain evolution, could provide a means of monitoring the actual circulatory state of inaccessible parts of the brain. To the extent that retinal health was naturopathically restored, and memory performance seems also to have significantly kept pace, is it a tenable premise that such protocols have rather general importance? Can applied optics help establish more appropriate diagnoses, and evaluate treatments for dementia and Alzheimer's disease?

  17. Bird Species and Climate Change. The Global Status Report. A synthesis of current scientific understanding of anthropogenic climate change impacts on global bird species now, and projected future effects

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wormworth, J.; Mallon, K.

    2006-01-01

    The results of a global analysis of current and future impacts of climate change on birds are presented. The report reviews more than 200 research reports to assemble a clear and consistent picture of climatic risk to this important animal group, illustrated with numerous examples and case studies. It is found that: climate change now affects bird species' behaviour, ranges and population dynamics; some bird species are already experiencing strong negative impacts from climate change; and in future, subject to greenhouse gas emissions levels and climatic response, climate change will put large numbers of bird species at risk of extinction, with estimates of extinction rates varying from 2 to 72%, depending on the region, climate scenario and potential for birds to shift to new habitat

  18. The CAM-ICU has now a French "official" version. The translation process of the 2014 updated Complete Training Manual of the Confusion Assessment Method for the Intensive Care Unit in French (CAM-ICU.fr).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chanques, Gérald; Garnier, Océane; Carr, Julie; Conseil, Matthieu; de Jong, Audrey; Rowan, Christine M; Ely, E Wesley; Jaber, Samir

    2017-10-01

    Delirium is common in Intensive-Care-Unit (ICU) patients but under-recognized by bed-side clinicians when not using validated delirium-screening tools. The Confusion-Assessment-Method for the ICU (CAM-ICU) has demonstrated very good psychometric properties, and has been translated into many different languages though not into French. We undertook this opportunity to describe the translation process. The translation was performed following recommended guidelines. The updated method published in 2014 including introduction letters, worksheet and flowsheet for bed-side use, the method itself, case-scenarios for training and Frequently-Asked-Questions (32 pages) was translated into French language by a neuropsychological researcher who was not familiar with the original method. Then, the whole method was back-translated by a native English-French bilingual speaker. The new English version was compared to the original one by the Vanderbilt University ICU-delirium-team. Discrepancies were discussed between the two teams before final approval of the French version. The entire process took one year. Among the 3692 words of the back-translated version of the method itself, 18 discrepancies occurred. Eight (44%) lead to changes in the final version. Details of the translation process are provided. The French version of CAM-ICU is now available for French-speaking ICUs. The CAM-ICU is provided with its complete training-manual that was challenging to translate following recommended process. While many such translations have been done for other clinical tools, few have published the details of the process itself. We hope that the availability of such teaching material will now facilitate a large implementation of delirium-screening in French-speaking ICUs. Copyright © 2017 Société française d'anesthésie et de réanimation (Sfar). All rights reserved.

  19. RESULTS FROM THE U.S. DOE 2006 SAVE ENERGY NOW ASSESSMENT INITIATIVE: DOE's Partnership with U.S. Industry to Reduce Energy Consumption, Energy Costs, and Carbon Dioxide Emissions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wright, Anthony L [ORNL; Martin, Michaela A [ORNL; Gemmer, Bob [U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy; Scheihing, Paul [U.S. Department of Energy, Industrial Technologies Program; Quinn, James [U.S. Department of Energy

    2007-09-01

    In the wake of Hurricane Katrina and other severe storms in 2005, natural gas supplies were restricted, prices rose, and industry sought ways to reduce its natural gas use and costs. In October 2005, U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Energy Secretary Bodman launched his Easy Ways to Save Energy campaign with a promise to provide energy assessments to 200 of the largest U.S. manufacturing plants. A major thrust of the campaign was to ensure that the nation's natural gas supplies would be adequate for all Americans, especially during home heating seasons. In a presentation to the National Press Club on October 3, 2005, Secretary Bodman said: 'America's businesses, factories, and manufacturing facilities use massive amounts of energy. To help them during this period of tightening supply and rising costs, our Department is sending teams of qualified efficiency experts to 200 of the nation's most energy-intensive factories. Our Energy Saving Teams will work with on-site managers on ways to conserve energy and use it more efficiently.' DOE's Industrial Technologies Program (ITP) responded to the Secretary's campaign with its Save Energy Now initiative, featuring a new and highly cost-effective form of energy assessments. The approach for these assessments drew heavily on the existing resources of ITP's Technology Delivery component. Over the years, ITP-Technology Delivery had worked with industry partners to assemble a suite of respected software decision tools, proven assessment protocols, training curricula, certified experts, and strong partnerships for deployment. Because of the program's earlier activities and the resources that had been developed, ITP was prepared to respond swiftly and effectively to the sudden need to promote improved industrial energy efficiency. Because of anticipated supply issues in the natural gas sector, the Save Energy Now initiative strategically focused on natural gas savings and targeted the

  20. ‘..there is so much to tell now, really now'

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balle, Søren Hattesen

    As has been argued by Brian McHale and Marjorie Perloff, narrative has had a comeback in postmodernist poetry after its relative eclipse in modernist poetic writing. At the same time, however, postmodern poets reintroduce narrative in a merely weakened form. For as a result of the legacy of scept...

  1. Vanishing bone disease of the orbital roof: now you see it, now you don't

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dharsono, Ferry; Van Heerden, Jolandi; McAuliffe, William; Ardakani, Nima M.; Franconi, Catherine; Honeybul, Stephen; Lind, Christopher R.

    2014-01-01

    We describe a rare case of vascularised orbital roof and calvarial erosions with an associated venous malformation. In the absence of infection, malignancy, trauma and eosinophillic granuloma, the closest previously described entity is vanishing bone disease. Computed tomography (CT), MRI, catheter angiography and pathology were all important in the diagnostic workup to enable surgical planning for biopsy and reconstruction. Ongoing CT and MRI follow-up imaging will determine future treatment planning.

  2. Common knowledge: Now you have it, now you don`t?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fagin, R.; Halpern, J.Y. [IBM Almaden Research Center, San Jose, CA (United States); Moses, Y. [Weizmann Institute of Science, Rehovot (Israel); Vardi, M.Y. [Rice Univ., Houston, TX (United States)

    1996-12-31

    The notion of common knowledge, where everyone knows, everyone knows that everyone knows, etc., has proven to be fundamental in various disciplines, including Philosophy, Artificial Intelligence, Economics, and Psychology. This key notion was first studied by the philosopher David Lewis in the context of conventions. Lewis pointed out that in order for something to be a convention, it must in fact be common knowledge among the members of a group. (For example, the convention that green means {open_quotes}go{close_quotes} and red means {open_quotes}stop{close_quotes} is presumably common knowledge among the drivers in our society.) Common knowledge also arises in discourse understanding. Suppose Ann asks Bob {open_quotes}What did you think of the movie?{close_quotes} referring to a showing of Monkey Business they have just seen. Not only must Ann and Bob both know that {open_quotes}the movie{close_quotes} refers to Monkey Business, but Ann must know that Bob knows, Bob must know that Ann knows that Bob knows, and so on. In fact, by a closer analysis of this situation, it can be shown that there must be common knowledge of what movie is meant in order for Bob to answer the question appropriately. Finally, common knowledge also turns out to be a prerequisite for agreement and coordinated action in distributed systems. This is precisely what makes it such a crucial notion in the analysis of interacting groups of agents. On the other hand, in practical settings common knowledge is impossible to achieve. This puts us in a somewhat paradoxical situation, in that we claim both that common knowledge is a prerequisite for agreement and coordinated action and that it cannot be attained. We discuss two answers to this paradox: Modeling the world with a coarser granularity, and relaxing the requirements for coordination.

  3. The cognate advantage in bilingual aphasia: Now you see it, now you don't.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emma Hughes

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Background: The role of cognateness in bilingual language production has been the focus of much investigation. Many studies have found a cognate facilitation effect for reaction times and accuracy in naming in control participants (Costa, Caramazza & Sebastien-Galles, 2000; Rosselli, Ardila, Jurado,& Salvatierra, 2012 but the findings are by no means unequivocal e.g. Siyambalapitiya et al, 2009 observed a reversal of the cognate facilitation effect in older participants. The effect of cognateness has also been investigated in aphasic participants; Roberts & Deslauriers (199 observed a strong picture naming advantage for cognate words over non-cognate words, though no individual data were reported. Several case studies have reported cognate advantage in individuals, though results vary dependent on task and on the individual (Detry, Pillon & De Partz, 2005; Lalor & Kirsner, 2001. Furthermore, an inhibitory effect for cognate words has also been observed (Tiwari & Krishnan 2015. Overall, the above findings serve to illustrate that the facilitatory effect of cognate words is uncertain, and further investigation is required. Research Question: Does task type affect the cognate advantage in Welsh-English bilingual speakers? It is expected that patients will present with a picture naming advantage for cognate items. The expectations for a cognate advantage in translation are less assured, as the presentation of a cognate word in one language may inhibit access to its translation equivalent due to the phonological overlap, or the similarity may be facilitatory in activating the phonological representation of the target. Participants: 7 Welsh-English early proficient bilingual aphasic participants were selected for participation. Each patient scored significantly lower (p<.05 than age-matched controls (N=37 on at least one task using the modified t-tests for single cases (Crawford & Howell, 1998 Methods: Picture naming and translation tasks were administered in each language. Each task included 80 items, matched across languages for frequency, word length and number of cognate items; both naming and translation probed the same words. Results and discussion: As can be seen in the Figure, the effect of cognate status was highly variable across participants, languages and tasks. Only one participant showed a robust advantage in the 4 conditions. Overall, there was little evidence for cognate facilitation in the translation task, with 4 patients even showing an inhibitory effect of cognateness. This study on an unselected group of participants suggests that cognateness effects may partly reflect a publication bias and that a full understanding of the effects of cognate status will require future investigation.

  4. Study of alteration and degradation products of a Roman marble sarcophagus located in the medieval cloister of the old st Cosimato’s Convent, now the new "Regina Margherita Hospital” (Rome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gino Mirocle Crisci

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Optical and SEM-EDS microscopy, FT-IR and mFT-IR spectroscopy investigations have been applied to the study of alteration and degradation products of a Roman sarcophagus located in the medieval cloister of St Cosimato’s Convent, now the new “Regina Margherita Hospital” (Rome before restoration work. This scientific analysis was performed in order to compare it with a diagnosis report based on the restorer’s expertise. The sarcophagus is small and consists of a single block of fine-grained marble covered by a thick pink patina. The results obtained from this diagnostic investigation, allow us to draw important conclusions about the state of conservation of this archaeological artefact. The main components found in the samples analyzed are: black crust, calcium oxalate, organic matter due to recent conservation treatment, calcite, iron-oxides and coloured earths. In particular, the combined used of petrographical and mFT-IR analysis provided useful insights into the polishing and consolidation processes of archaeological artefacts.

  5. WE-EF-BRD-03: I Want It Now!: Advances in MRI Acquisition, Reconstruction and the Use of Priors to Enable Fast Anatomic and Physiologic Imaging to Inform Guidance and Adaptation Decisions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hu, Y. [Mayo Clinic Arizona (United States)

    2015-06-15

    MRI-guided treatment is a growing area of medicine, particularly in radiotherapy and surgery. The exquisite soft tissue anatomic contrast offered by MRI, along with functional imaging, makes the use of MRI during therapeutic procedures very attractive. Challenging the utility of MRI in the therapy room are many issues including the physics of MRI and the impact on the environment and therapeutic instruments, the impact of the room and instruments on the MRI; safety, space, design and cost. In this session, the applications and challenges of MRI-guided treatment will be described. The session format is: Past, present and future: MRI-guided radiotherapy from 2005 to 2025: Jan Lagendijk Battling Maxwell’s equations: Physics challenges and solutions for hybrid MRI systems: Paul Keall I want it now!: Advances in MRI acquisition, reconstruction and the use of priors to enable fast anatomic and physiologic imaging to inform guidance and adaptation decisions: Yanle Hu MR in the OR: The growth and applications of MRI for interventional radiology and surgery: Rebecca Fahrig Learning Objectives: To understand the history and trajectory of MRI-guided radiotherapy To understand the challenges of integrating MR imaging systems with linear accelerators To understand the latest in fast MRI methods to enable the visualisation of anatomy and physiology on radiotherapy treatment timescales To understand the growing role and challenges of MRI for image-guided surgical procedures My disclosures are publicly available and updated at: http://sydney.edu.au/medicine/radiation-physics/about-us/disclosures.php.

  6. New Criteria to Assess Seismic and Rock Burst Hazard in Coal Mines / Nowe Kryteria Dla Oceny Zagrożenia Sejsmicznego I Tąpaniami W Kopalniach Węgla Kamiennego

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mutke, Grzegorz; Dubiński, Józef; Lurka, Adam

    2015-09-01

    niektórych przypadkach również wypadki śmiertelne. Przedstawiono podstawowe parametry sejsmologiczne stosowane w kraju i w świecie do oceny zagrożenia sejsmicznego. Opisano podstawowe zasady metody kompleksowej oceny stanu zagrożenia tąpnięciem, w skład której wchodzi metoda sejsmologiczna bieżącej (pomiarowej) oceny stanu zagrożenia. Od wielu lat, wraz z ciągłym rozwojem bazy aparaturowej i możliwości w zakresie cyfrowej rejestracji sejsmogramów oraz przetwarzania i interpretacji danych pomiarowych wzrasta znaczenie metod sejsmicznych, które są dzisiaj powszechnie stosowane w polskich kopalniach zagrożonych tąpaniami. Ciągła obserwacja zjawisk sejsmicznych indukowanych w trakcie rozwoju procesu eksploatacji pokładów węgla umożliwiła, w oparciu o zgromadzoną bazę danych, opracowywanie nowych kryteriów zagrożenia sejsmicznego oraz zagrożenia tąpnięciem, które winny wyraźnie poprawić efektywność metody sejsmologii górniczej. W artykule przedstawiono nowe kryteria oceny stanu bieżącego zagrożenia tąpaniami zaproponowane do stosowania w polskich kopalniach węgla kamiennego, które prowadzą eksploatację systemem ścianowym. Kryteria te są oparte na wynikach ciągłej rejestracji sejsmologicznej, połączonej z bieżącą analizą zarejestrowanych wstrząsów i obliczaniem wybranych parametrów sejsmologicznych. Parametry te to położenie ognisk wstrząsów w stosunku do wyrobisk eksploatacyjnych, energia sejsmiczna wstrząsów, suma energii sejsmicznej wyzwolona na każde 5m postępu ściany eksploatacyjnej, wartość wagowanego parametru amplitudy prędkości drgań PPVW, moment sejsmiczny M0, indeks energii EI oraz parametr b rozkładu wstrząsów według relacji Gutenberga-Richtera. Wartości powyższych parametrów są określane dla każdej doby lub w przesuwających się co dobę oknach czasowych lub oknach zawierających określoną liczbę wstrząsów, a następnie porównywane, raz na dobę, z ich wartościami

  7. "Grupo aquí y ahora": Una tecnología leve como propuesta de una acción socio-educativa para la salud "Here and now group": A socio-educational action on soft technology in health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jordelina Schier

    2007-09-01

    Now Group. In other words, a Merhy´s light technology for care was implanted, focusing on health-care education as it is applied through nursing and its development arose together with hospitalized geriatric patients and their relatives. It was observed that the health-care education group efforts presented positive and noticeable results within the hospital. Such results have favored the importance placed on transforming self-care behavior into autonomous, independent and interdependent behaviors, all of them quite necessary for a healthier life, mainly in the case of geriatric patients and family member care.

  8. Does asteroid 4 Vesta, with watery 1 Ceres and the Galilean moons, record the Ringwood-mode iron core construction now predicated for Earth and even apply to the other terrestrial planets?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osmaston, M. F.

    2014-04-01

    I reason that Vesta, the source of HED but too small for appreciable magmatic resurfacing after accretion had ended, preserves valuable clues as to how the Earth and the other terrestrials were built. Setting the scene. Core formation in the terrestrial planets has long been attributed to the percolation of molten iron accreted from the solar nebula, either inward from the surface or from a magma ocean at depth. But it has been found [1,2] that the 56Fe/54Fe ratio in Earth peridotites still has a chondritic ratio, which rules out that Fe percolation has occurred. So we must revert now to Ringwood's model (1960-1978) e.g.[3] for core formation. This uses the nebula to reduce hot FeO in lavas erupted in volcanoes at the protoplanet's surface. The Fe, which then drains to the bottom of the magma chamber and solidifies, is subsequently 'loadsubducted' rapidly to form the core. For Earth's core alone this would generate ~400 earth-ocean volumes of reaction water, a Solar System benefit already foreseen by Ringwood, water being low in star-forming clouds. The heat for the volcanism is internal (accretion, gravitation, radiogenic) so orbital distance in the presence of nebular opacity is immaterial; and important for making the cores in the Galilean moons, otherwise labelled as being at the 'snowline' in the disc. In order to work, prior iron accretion to form the body must have been in oxide form. Thermodynamically this is correct if the nebula is cool (50-fold variety of observed FeNi compositions in 'irons' [11] could thus be natural volcanic variation, even on a single body, without invoking the rupture of so many separate cores. Finally, we suppose that Ceres and the Galileans, being further out, have (bar Io) managed to retain their Ringwood-mode water. For Europa [12,13], in particular, the ratio of core to preserved water seems close to the Ringwood-mode expectation. On the compulsive evidence [1,2] and our evidence [3,4] for Earth, it seems that Ringwood

  9. Britain's delegation to CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research near Geneva, voted in favour of a project which take seven years to build, involve a 27 kilometre long tunnel, and cost 230 million pounds. Now LEP receives the go-ahead later this month

    CERN Multimedia

    Llewellyn Smith, Christopher Hubert

    1981-01-01

    Britain's delegation to CERN, the European Centre for Nuclear Research near Geneva, voted in favour of a project which take seven years to build, involve a 27 kilometre long tunnel, and cost 230 million pounds. Now LEP receives the go-ahead later this month

  10. Social Medicine Then and Now: Lessons From Latin America

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waitzkin, Howard; Iriart, Celia; Estrada, Alfredo; Lamadrid, Silvia

    2001-01-01

    The accomplishments of Latin American social medicine remain little known in the English-speaking world. In Latin America, social medicine differs from public health in its definitions of populations and social institutions, its dialectic vision of “health–illness,” and its stance on causal inference. A “golden age” occurred during the 1930s, when Salvador Allende, a pathologist and future president of Chile, played a key role. Later influences included the Cuban revolution, the failed peaceful transition to socialism in Chile, the Nicaraguan revolution, liberation theology, and empowerment strategies in education. Most of the leaders of Latin American social medicine have experienced political repression, partly because they have tried to combine theory and political practice—a combination known as “praxis.” Theoretic debates in social medicine take their bearings from historical materialism and recent trends in European philosophy. Methodologically, differing historical, quantitative, and qualitative approaches aim to avoid perceived problems of positivism and reductionism in traditional public health and clinical methods. Key themes emphasize the effects of broad social policies on health and health care; the social determinants of illness and death; the relationships between work, reproduction, and the environment; and the impact of violence and trauma. PMID:11574316

  11. Porn Alley: Now at Your Local Public Library.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schuyler, Michael

    1999-01-01

    Suggests that a definitive court ruling is needed to better define rights and responsibilities related to the First Amendment and libraries' Internet use policies so that libraries can provide a comfortable environment for users while maintaining the law. Discusses filters; court cases; claims of the anti-porn cult; research studies on how much of…

  12. Can you hear me now? Teaching listening skills.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nemec, Patricia B; Spagnolo, Amy Cottone; Soydan, Anne Sullivan

    2017-12-01

    This column provides an overview of methods for training to improve service provider active listening and reflective responding skills. Basic skills in active listening and reflective responding allow service providers to gather information about and explore the needs, desires, concerns, and preference of people using their services-activities that are of critical importance if services are to be truly person-centered and person-driven. Sources include the personal experience of the authors as well as published literature on the value of basic counseling skills and best practices in training on listening and other related soft skills. Training in listening is often needed but rarely sought by behavioral health service providers. Effective curricula exist, providing content and practice opportunities that can be incorporated into training, supervision, and team meetings. When providers do not listen well to the people who use their services, the entire premise of recovery-oriented person-driven services is undermined. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2017 APA, all rights reserved).

  13. Treatment of uveal melanoma: where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Jessica; Manson, Daniel K.; Marr, Brian P.; Carvajal, Richard D.

    2018-01-01

    Uveal melanoma, a rare subset of melanoma, is the most common primary intraocular malignancy in adults. Despite effective primary therapy, nearly 50% of patients will develop metastatic disease. Outcomes for those with metastatic disease remain dismal due to a lack of effective therapies. The unique biology and immunology of uveal melanoma necessitates the development of dedicated management and treatment approaches. Ongoing efforts seek to optimize the efficacy of targeted therapy and immunotherapy in both the adjuvant and metastatic setting. This review provides a comprehensive, updated overview of disease biology and risk stratification, the management of primary disease, options for adjuvant therapy, and the current status of treatment strategies for metastatic disease. PMID:29497459

  14. Have There Now Been Any Great Women Artists?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clark, Roger; Folgo, Ashley R.; Pichette, Jane

    2005-01-01

    In this article, the authors focus on the degree to which women artists have been brought into the mainstream of art history by art historians in their textbooks. They then examine the characteristics of art historians who have been most and least likely to admit women into their versions of art history, and discuss how the definition of art…

  15. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 16, No. 2, Fall 2012 (Brochure)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2012-09-01

    Biannual newsletter for the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities initiative. The newsletter includes feature stories on advanced vehicle deployment, idle reduction, and articles on Clean Cities coalition successes across the country.

  16. Eradication of HIV and Cure of AIDS, Now and How?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Jielin; Crumpacker, Clyde

    2013-01-01

    Recent studies have highlighted the importance of eradication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) and cure of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). However, a pivotal point that the patient immunity controls HIV reactivation after highly active anti-retroviral therapy [HAART or combination anti-retroviral therapy (cART)] remains less well addressed. In spite of the fact that both innate and adaptive immunities are indispensable and numerous cells participate in the anti-HIV immunity, memory CD4 T-cells are indisputably the key cells organizing all immune actions against HIV while being the targets of HIV. Here we present a view and multidisciplinary approaches to HIV/AIDS eradication and cure. We aim at memory CD4 T-cells, utilizing the stem cell properties of these cells to reprogram an anti-HIV memory repertoire to eliminate the viral reservoir, toward achieving an AIDS-free world. PMID:24151495

  17. Eradication of HIV and Cure of AIDS, Now and How?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jie Lin eZhang

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Recent studies have highlighted the importance of eradication of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and cure of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS. However, a pivotal point that the patient immunity controls HIV reactivation after highly active anti-retroviral therapy (HAART, or combination anti-retroviral therapy, cART remains less well addressed. In spite of the fact that both innate and adaptive immunities are indispensable and numerous cells participate in the anti-HIV immunity, memory CD4 T-cells are indisputably the key cells organizing all immune actions against HIV while being the targets of HIV. Here we present a view and multidisciplinary approaches to HIV/AIDS eradication and cure. We aim at memory CD4 T-cells, utilizing the stem cell properties of these cells to reprogram an anti-HIV memory repertoire to eliminate the viral reservoir, toward achieving an AIDS-free world.

  18. The vulnerability of road networks : Now and in the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Snelder, M.; Tavasszy, L.A.; Immers, L.H.; Van Zuylen, H.J.

    2008-01-01

    Transport networks in major urban areas are becoming more and more vulnerable to unforeseen disturbances in transport networks, like incidents. For the near future, we expect an increasing number of incidents with a large impact due to the overall increase of the traffic load. In this paper the

  19. The end is now: Augustine on History and Eschatology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes van Oort

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This article dealt with the church father Augustine’s view on history and eschatology. After analysing the relevant material (especially his City of God and the correspondence with a certain Hesyschius it was concluded that, firstly, Augustine was no historian in the usual sense of the word; secondly, his concept of historia sacra was the heuristic foundation for his idea of history; thirdly, the present is not to be described in the terms of historia sacra, which implies that he took great care when pointing out any instances of ‘God’s hand in history’; fourthly, the end times have already started, with the advent of Jesus Christ; fifthly, because of the uniqueness of Christ’s coming, it runs counter to any cyclical worldview; sixthly, identifying any exact moment of the end of times is humanly impossible and seventhly, there is no room for any ‘chiliastic’ expectation.

  20. Artificial Intelligence: Is the Future Now for A.I.?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramaswami, Rama

    2009-01-01

    In education, artificial intelligence (AI) has not made much headway. In the one area where it would seem poised to lend the most benefit--assessment--the reliance on standardized tests, intensified by the demands of the No Child Left Behind Act of 2001, which holds schools accountable for whether students pass statewide exams, precludes its use.…

  1. Planning Schools for 2050? First, Let's Get "Now" Right

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hill, Franklin

    2010-01-01

    For 20 years, the author has promoted constructing today's schools with the future in mind, yet as many school districts begin planning for the year 2050, he is starting to think this foresight/forethought might actually be a distracting course of action. Some districts may try to plan so far into the future that they neglect the present. But,…

  2. U.S.-Vietnam Relations: Is Now the Time?

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Medeiros, John

    1990-01-01

    .... Planning for restoration of relations has ebbed and flowed in the intervening 15 years, coming closest to realization in 1977-78 under the Carter Administration, which entered office intending...

  3. Now is the time for all good women.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fraser, A

    1998-01-01

    This article recommends national and international strategic actions to further the universal implementation of women's human rights. The article begins by tracing the development of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) from the work of female UN delegates who fought to couch the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in language that included women to the 1993 world conference on human rights when the little-known convention gained attention. The article then describes the CEDAW articles that provide an effective framework for implementation of women's human rights. After noting that the more than 160 ratifying countries must submit periodic reports on implementation to the UN Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women, the article points out that the International Women's Rights Action Watch (IWRAW) was founded in 1985 to promote CEDAW implementation. IWRAW activities include publishing a newsletter, submitting independent information to the UN, disseminating the results of the UN review, and encouraging nongovernmental organizations to publish their own "shadow" reports to balance government self-reports. The article then details the following additional actions to foster implementation: 1) assuring that ratifying countries meet reporting obligations, 2) educating the public about CEDAW and women's rights, 3) recruiting and promoting candidates for election to the UN Committee, and 4) researching and reclaiming women's history, especially the evolution of women's human rights.

  4. 70 million more people from now, the Population Conference begins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, A

    1994-01-01

    An International Conference on Population and Development (ICPD), which will be sponsored by the UN, will be held in Cairo, Egypt, in September, 1994. Its purpose will be to draft a new document to replace the World Population Plan of Action (1974, 1984). World population has increased 37% (1.5 billion) in the past 2 decades, while accompanying problems have worsened. An Earth Summit in Brazil in 1992 decided that Third World development does have priority; however, that development also needs a new, sustainable paradigm. Representatives from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), as well as from government, will attend the Cairo conference. There is a new awareness of the connection among social, economic, and biological systems, and of the interdependence of developed and developing countries. Improving women's status, which will reduce pressure on world resources by decreasing the number of large families, is a central goal. Emphasis will be placed on increasing educational and employment opportunities for the poor, involving women in decisions concerning social and economic development, and improving access to health care (especially maternal and child). Because of their increasing populations, developing countries will still receive the blame for increasing pressure on natural resources, and i.e. industrialized nations will receive it for overconsumption. Europeans will complain of the deluge of African immigrants, while Africans will complain of the need to flee conditions produced by exploitive Europeans. The entrance of the United States, and of the NGOs, will present new possibilities for agreement and action. The Clinton government is committed to the UN Population Fund and to supporting full reproductive choice and legal access to safe abortion.

  5. Freedom Schools Then and Now: A Transformative Approach to Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Watson, Marcia

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to provide a historical and conceptual link between Ella Baker's Freedom School model and Paulo Freire's demand for critical education and emancipatory learning. Ella Baker, situated in the daunting environment of the Civil Rights Movement, saw education as a tool for social mobility for Mississippi residents in 1964.…

  6. Ethiopian Wisdom Literature: Oromo Proverbs, is now in the

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    directly to the meat of tbe upper part of the arm. However, the general, meaning is one of ..... house, thrust his arm into a vessel of grain, but·could not pull it out again. The woman, wh0 had been to the spring to ..... would be the equivalent of reducing man to the state of a robot, unable to freely situate himself in the universe.

  7. The Need Is Now: University Engagement in Regional Economic Development

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklin, Nancy E.

    2009-01-01

    At a time when many regions are grappling with economic challenges and universities are struggling to demonstrate their public value, the question of how regions and universities might partner effectively begs to be addressed. This qualitative case study examines the engagement of six land-grant institutions in regions not proximate to their…

  8. Can You Hear Me Now: The Leading Army Injury & Disability

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-07

    Resveratrol, which is found in grape skins and over 70 other fruits , has many beneficial properties such as free-radical scavenging.118 Resveratrol is...demonstrated to have antioxidant properties that serve as a protective agent against noise-induced hearing loss.119 There are numerous studies on...are underway with the National Institutes of Health to explore combinations of antioxidants to restore hearing or preserve it before it is lost. Use

  9. RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach Guide now online | CRDI ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    27 avr. 2016 ... After a decade of work developing the Outcome Mapping Approach, IDRC has played an important role in the development of ROMA, an adaptation of IDRC's original outcome mapping research. ROMA: A guide to policy engagement and influence, has been released by the Overseas Development Institute ...

  10. Cibecue watershed projects: Then, now, and in the future

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jonathan W. Long

    2000-01-01

    The White Mountain Apache Tribe has undertaken a watershed analysis and various demonstration projects in the Cibecue watershed in east-central Arizona. The results support an adaptive management strategy to promote ecological health, enhance economic opportunities, and protect cultural values. Some of the problems faced by today’s program are similar to those faced by...

  11. Creating a wearable artificial kidney : where are we now?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooman, Jeroen P; Joles, Jaap A.; Gerritsen, Karin G F

    A wearable and, ultimately, an implantable artificial kidney is a long-held aim in the treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease, provided that it would combine continuous blood purification, preventing the fluctuations in the internal environment associated with hemodialysis, while

  12. Creating a wearable artificial kidney: where are we now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kooman, Jeroen P; Joles, Jaap A; Gerritsen, Karin G F

    2015-07-01

    A wearable and, ultimately, an implantable artificial kidney is a long-held aim in the treatment of patients with end-stage renal disease, provided that it would combine continuous blood purification, preventing the fluctuations in the internal environment associated with hemodialysis, while maintaining a high efficiency for removal of uremic toxins. Sorbent and enzyme technology, allowing for the regeneration of dialysis fluid, have played a vital role in the development of present prototypes, although the development of a low-weight regeneration module as well as safety and control issues still need to be solved. Whereas the first human trials with a wearable device have been successfully conducted, there are still many hurdles to overcome before wearable dialysis can be routinely implemented in dialysis practice. Important in this respect are the absence of a safe continuous blood access system and the risk balance between anticoagulation and clotting and regulatory aspects.

  13. Clean Cities Now: Vol. 18, No. 1, Spring 2014 (Newsletter)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2014-04-01

    Spring 2014 edition of the biannual newsletter of the U.S. Department of Energy's Clean Cities program. Each issue contains program news, success stories, and information about tools and resources to assist in the deployment of alternative fuels, advanced vehicles, idle reduction, fuel efficiency improvements, and other measures to cut petroleum use in transportation.

  14. Music Therapy in Special Education: Where Are We Now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rickson, Daphne J.; McFerran, Katrina

    2007-01-01

    Research is an essential aspect of the music therapy profession. Practice is grounded in theoretical frameworks based on research studies and the evaluation of clinical interventions. Early research drew heavily on behavioural principles, observing measurable change in response to musical interventions. As the profession gained stature, music…

  15. Revolution Now: The Future Arrives for Four Clean Energy Technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tillemann, Levi; Beck, Fredric; Brodrick, James; Brown, Austin; Feldman, David; Nguyen, Tien; Ward, Jacob

    2013-09-17

    For decades, America has anticipated the transformational impact of clean energy technologies. But even as costs fell and technology matured, a clean energy revolution always seemed just out of reach. Critics often said a clean energy future would "always be five years away." This report focuses on four technology revolutions that are here today. In the last five years they have achieved dramatic reductions in cost and this has been accompanied by a surge in consumer, industrial and commercial deployment. Although these four technologies still represent a small percentage of their total market, they are growing rapidly. The four key technologies this report focuses on are: onshore wind power, polysilicon photovoltaic modules, LED lighting, and electric vehicles.

  16. Seismic design of nuclear power plants. Where are we now?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Roesset, J.M.

    1995-01-01

    The lack of any significant activity in the design and construction of new nuclear power plants over the last ten years has resulted in a corresponding lull in the basic academic research carried out in this field. While some work is still going on related to the evaluation of existing plants or to litigation over some of them (including some that never became operational) most of it is of a very applied nature and little basic research is being conducted at present. Yet research on earthquake engineering in general, as applied to buildings, bridges, lifelines, dams and other constructed facilities has continued. This paper attempts to look at some of the areas where there were major uncertainties in the seismic design of nuclear power plants (selection of the design earthquake and its characteristics, evaluation of soil effects and soil structure interactions, dynamic analysis and design of the structures), the progress that has been made in these areas, and the remaining issues in need of further research. (author)

  17. The Devran Petroleum story: Nice idea, now what?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cowan, J.F.

    1993-01-01

    The history of the Devran petroleum company is reviewed. The company began in Ontario in 1982 and its first venture, a 50% partnership with Shell Canada, was to excavate two drilling rooms 430 ft into the depleted Sarnia-London (Ontario) oil field and drill 11 horizontal wells to obtain oil production. This venture produced very little crude and was abandoned due to excessive water inflow. Devran's next initiative was to purchase the Ontario government's share in Onexco Oil and Gas, which had a number of Ontario properties and eight wells. The high netbacks per bbl characteristic of Ontario reservoirs enabled Devran to survive and pay off loans for the Onexco purchase, and the number of Devran's Ontario wells rose to over 50. Devran then acquired a Toronto Stock Exchange listing and bought a 23% interest in the Pelican Lake horizontal drilling project in western Canada. This project was successful and is still continuing at a maximum production rate of 2,000 bbl/d. The company then bought into other successful partnerships in Saskatchewan and began a gas exploration project in Western Alberta with NuGas Ltd. as the operator. Devran's total oil production is currently ca 1,400 bbl/d and netbacks are ca $10.40/bbl, higher than the industry average of $8.82/bbl. Its market capital is ca $30 million and it trades at a market price equal to net asset value

  18. Thirty years from now: future physics contributions in nuclear medicine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bailey, Dale L [School of Physics and Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Sydney, Sydney, 2006 (Australia); Department of Nuclear Medicine, Royal North Shore Hospital, St. Leonards, NSW 2065 (Australia)

    2014-05-01

    This paper is the first in a series of invited perspectives by pioneers of nuclear medicine imaging and physics. A medical physicist and a nuclear medicine physician each take a backward and a forward look at the contributions of physics to nuclear medicine. Here, we provide a forward look from the medical physicist’s perspective. The author examines a number of developments in nuclear medicine and discusses the ways in which physics has contributed to these. Future developments are postulated in the context of an increasingly personalised approach to medical diagnostics and therapies. A skill set for the next generation of medical physicists in nuclear medicine is proposed in the context of the increasing complexity of ‘Molecular Imaging’ in the next three decades. The author sees a shift away from ‘traditional’ roles in instrumentation QA to more innovative approaches in understanding radiobiology and human disease.

  19. Five-yearly review: where do we stand now?

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2016-01-01

    A reminder The first issue of Echo in 2016 announced a year of changes with many challenges for the Staff Association and the staff it represents. Indeed, following the decision of the Council in December 2015 to approve all components of the five-yearly review, many changes were to be implemented in 2016. This is the case of the new career structure, the definition of benchmark jobs (BMJ), the redesign of the advancement and promotions process, etc. Looking back at 2015 and the various statements In December 2015, the CERN Council emphasized: the substantial effort made by the Staff Association and the Management, taking into account the difficult economic situation faced by some Member States, led to the creation of a package of measures as balanced as possible. It is clear however: that there was no alignment of CERN basic salaries with the comparison salaries; that in the new career system, staff will have their advancement prospects, and consequently the level of their pension, reduced with respect to ...

  20. Vaccines for Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae: the Future Is Now.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Timothy F

    2015-05-01

    Infections due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae result in enormous global morbidity in two clinical settings: otitis media in children and respiratory tract infections in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recurrent otitis media affects up to 20% of children and results in hearing loss, delays in speech and language development and, in developing countries, chronic suppurative otitis media. Infections in people with COPD result in clinic and emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and respiratory failure. An effective vaccine would prevent morbidity, help control health care costs, and reduce antibiotic use, a major contributor to the global crisis in bacterial antibiotic resistance. The widespread use of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines is causing a relative increase in H. influenzae otitis media. The partial protection against H. influenzae otitis media induced by the pneumococcal H. influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine represents a proof of principle of the feasibility of a vaccine for nontypeable H. influenzae. An ideal vaccine antigen should be conserved among strains, have abundant epitopes on the bacterial surface, be immunogenic, and induce protective immune responses. Several surface proteins of H. influenzae have been identified as potential vaccine candidates and are in various stages of development. With continued research, progress toward a broadly effective vaccine to prevent infections caused by nontypeable H. influenzae is expected over the next several years. Copyright © 2015, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  1. THE NEW PURCHASING SERVICE PAGE NOW ON THE WEB!

    CERN Multimedia

    SPL Division

    2000-01-01

    Users of CERN's Purchasing Service are encouraged to visit the new Purchasing Service web page, accessible from the CERN homepage or directly at: http://spl-purchasing.web.cern.ch/spl-purchasing/ There, you will find answers to questions such as: Who are the buyers? What do I need to know before creating a DAI? How many offers do I need? Where shall I send the offer I received? I know the amount of my future requirement, how do I proceed? How are contracts adjudicated at CERN? Which exhibitions and visits of Member State companies are foreseen in the future? A company I know is interested in making a presentation at CERN, who should they contact? Additionally, you will find information concerning: The Purchasing procedures Market Surveys and Invitations to Tender The Industrial Liaison Officers appointed in each Member State The Purchasing Broker at CERN

  2. Future value now. Cashing sustainability in area development

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Huismans, G.; De Vaan, M.

    2011-06-01

    Several actors have an interest in the added value of a high quality of area development - and they also want to invest. In more and more places new strategies are developed to realize sustainable areas. Inspiring examples show that even within the present context much is possible. In many places in the Netherlands, targets in terms of energy, water, waste and green are operationalized and embedded in the financial business cases for area developments. [nl

  3. Let Georgia, Ukraine into NATO now, Estonia says / Patrick Lannin

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lannin, Patrick

    2008-01-01

    Eesti president Toomas Hendrik Ilves ütles pärast Gruusiast naasmist, et Venemaa rünnak Gruusia vastu peaks NATOt veenma selles, et Gruusiale ja Ukrainale tuleks kiiresti anda NATO liikmelisus. Vabariigi President töövisiidil Gruusias 12.-13.08.2008

  4. Caffeine and the kidney: what evidence right now?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolignano, Davide; Coppolino, Giuseppe; Barillà, Antonio; Campo, Susanna; Criseo, Manila; Tripodo, Donatella; Buemi, Michele

    2007-07-01

    Caffeine, or 1, 3, 7-trimethylxanthine, is one of the most frequently consumed active drugs worldwide. Its main mechanisms of action include inhibiting the phosphodiesteratic enzyme and adenosine receptors and activating the ryanodine receptors with several actions on all organs. What effect does caffeine have on the kidney? Is caffeine beneficial or dangerous? A review of the current literature reveals conflicting opinions regarding the prolithiasic effect of this substance, whereas its diuretic action is least disputed and more easily observed. Caffeine may have a toxic or preventive effect in some physiologic or pathologic conditions. Some of these incongruences may depend on several factors, such as dosage, prior chronic exposure, genetic-enzymatic axes, and concomitant drug consumption. While awaiting further insight from forthcoming studies on the issue, we may reach a preliminary conclusion that, as yet, there is no evidence contraindicating the consumption of the equivalent of 3 to 4 cups of coffee per day in healthy or nephropathic subjects. However, particular attention should be paid to the elderly, children, and patients on concomitant treatment with analgesics or diuretics, whereas in subjects with a family or clinical history of calcium lithiasis a moderate caffeine consumption should be associated with an adequate fluid intake. Further in-depth studies are required to investigate whether this beverage is beneficial to patients on hemodialysis.

  5. Ethiopian Wisdom Literature: Oromo Proverbs, is now in the

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It would be possible to make an anthology within the anthology only with the dramatic character as a standard of literary beauty: "Great lord!' From the bottom of my heart: '1"'12 One can easily imagine the scene: someone hears himself being called: "Great lord;..." As a matter of fact the Oromo expression: is.

  6. Safety and security risk assessments--now demystified!

    Science.gov (United States)

    White, Donald E

    2011-01-01

    Safety/security risk assessments no longer need to spook nor baffle healthcare safety/security managers. This grid template provides at-at-glance quick lookup of the possible threats, the affected people and things, a priority ranking of these risks, and a workable solution for each risk. Using the standard document, spreadsheet, or graphics software already available on your computer, you can easily use a scientific method to produce professional looking risk assessments that get quickly understood by both senior managers and first responders alike!

  7. Sleep apnoea, hypertension and vascular disease: where are we now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Buyse

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the present article was to explore the relationship between obstructive sleep apnoea (OSA and hypertension (HT and/or arterial vascular disease (VD, including stroke and ischaemic coronary disease. Epidemiological and interventional studies on these relationships provide compelling evidence that OSA is causally related to HT. The causal relationship between OSA and VD other than HT has not been firmly established. A number of pathophysiological mechanisms that could potentially provide a causal link between obstructive sleep apnoea and hypertension, as well as vascular disease, have been identified. Available data on such mechanisms include sustained daytime sympathetic activation, oxidative stress, promotion of vascular inflammation and endothelial dysfunction.

  8. Primary Production in the Delta: Then and Now

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James E. Cloern

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15447/sfews.2016v14iss3art1To evaluate the role of restoration in the recovery of the Delta ecosystem, we need to have clear targets and performance measures that directly assess ecosystem function. Primary production is a crucial ecosystem process, which directly limits the quality and quantity of food available for secondary consumers such as invertebrates and fish. The Delta has a low rate of primary production, but it is unclear whether this was always the case. Recent analyses from the Historical Ecology Team and Delta Landscapes Project provide quantitative comparisons of the areal extent of 14 habitat types in the modern Delta versus the historical Delta (pre-1850. Here we describe an approach for using these metrics of land use change to: (1 produce the first quantitative estimates of how Delta primary production and the relative contributions from five different producer groups have been altered by large-scale drainage and conversion to agriculture; (2 convert these production estimates into a common currency so the contributions of each producer group reflect their food quality and efficiency of transfer to consumers; and (3 use simple models to discover how tidal exchange between marshes and open water influences primary production and its consumption. Application of this approach could inform Delta management in two ways. First, it would provide a quantitative estimate of how large-scale conversion to agriculture has altered the Delta's capacity to produce food for native biota. Second, it would provide restoration practitioners with a new approach—based on ecosystem function—to evaluate the success of restoration projects and gauge the trajectory of ecological recovery in the Delta region.

  9. Primary production in the Delta: Then and now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cloern, James E.; Robinson, April; Richey, Amy; Grenier, Letitia; Grossinger, Robin; Boyer, Katharyn E.; Burau, Jon; Canuel, Elizabeth A.; DeGeorge, John F.; Drexler, Judith Z.; Enright, Chris; Howe, Emily R.; Kneib, Ronald; Mueller-Solger, Anke; Naiman, Robert J.; Pinckney, James L.; Safran, Samuel M.; Schoellhamer, David H.; Simenstad, Charles A.

    2016-01-01

    To evaluate the role of restoration in the recovery of the Delta ecosystem, we need to have clear targets and performance measures that directly assess ecosystem function. Primary production is a crucial ecosystem process, which directly limits the quality and quantity of food available for secondary consumers such as invertebrates and fish. The Delta has a low rate of primary production, but it is unclear whether this was always the case. Recent analyses from the Historical Ecology Team and Delta Landscapes Project provide quantitative comparisons of the areal extent of 14 habitat types in the modern Delta versus the historical Delta (pre-1850). Here we describe an approach for using these metrics of land use change to: (1) produce the first quantitative estimates of how Delta primary production and the relative contributions from five different producer groups have been altered by large-scale drainage and conversion to agriculture; (2) convert these production estimates into a common currency so the contributions of each producer group reflect their food quality and efficiency of transfer to consumers; and (3) use simple models to discover how tidal exchange between marshes and open water influences primary production and its consumption. Application of this approach could inform Delta management in two ways. First, it would provide a quantitative estimate of how large-scale conversion to agriculture has altered the Delta's capacity to produce food for native biota. Second, it would provide restoration practitioners with a new approach—based on ecosystem function—to evaluate the success of restoration projects and gauge the trajectory of ecological recovery in the Delta region.

  10. Open archives and collaboration: where to now? | Timcke | Innovation

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Digital technology by facilitating collaboration presents an opportunity for the second-generation digital archive to leverage the network effect and become an open archive. This can be achieved through careful consideration in the design of the archive's software architecture. In this design process, lessons can be taken ...

  11. Spatial memory and hippocampal function: Where are we now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Good

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The main aim of this paper is to provide an overview of current debates concerning the role of the mammalian hippocampus in learning with a particular emphasis on spatial learning. The review discusses recent debates on (1 the role of the primate hippocampus in recognition memory and object-in-place memory, (2 the role of the hippocampus in spatial navigation in both rats and humans, and (3 the effects of hippocampal damage on processing contextual information. Evidence from these lines of research have led many current theories to posit a function for the hippocampus that has as its organizing principle the association or binding of stimulus representations. Based on this principle, recent theories of hippocampal function have extended their application beyond the spatial domain to capture features of declarative and episodic memory processes.

  12. Book Swap Now Open to All Employees | Poster

    Science.gov (United States)

    Not only did the year 2000 mark the start of a new millennium, the beginning of the Human Genome Project, and the opening of the International Space Station, but it was also the first year that the Scientific Library held its annual Book & Media Swap. Starting Nov. 12, the 15th annual Book Swap is open to all NCI at Frederick employees.

  13. Internationalization at Canadian Universities: Where are we Now?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Linda Weber

    2007-07-01

    Full Text Available Internationalization is powerfully impacting the missions, planning documents, and learning environments of Canadian universities. Internationalization within Canadian universities is viewed from a local as well as global context. Accounts of the composition of domestic students studying abroad and international students studying in Canada, and the implications of these statistics, are related. Emphasis is given to a discussion of the contribution that economic factors play in internationalization decisions. Economic factors have undeniably shaped the face of internationalization at Canadian universities. Complexities of the relationship between global context and educational goals are outlined and educators are challenged to responsibly interpret and implement university changes resulting from internationalization while prioritizing the learning needs of students.

  14. Nuclear power generation safe and competitive - now and in future

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolf-Dieter, Krebs [European Nuclear Society and Framatome ANP (Germany); Hoffman, D.R. [American Nuclear Society and Excel Services Corp. (United States)

    2002-07-01

    ENC brings together scientists, academics, chief executives and all the major players from both the European and world nuclear utilities, to debate on the nuclear energy from technical, commercial and political perspectives. The abstracts of presentation from this conference are proposed in this paper grouped in four main themes: innovative reactors and fuel cycle; waste management including partitioning and transmutation and ADS development; experimental, research reactors and neutron sources; operation, maintenance, inspection and thermal hydraulics. (A.L.B.)

  15. RAPID Outcome Mapping Approach Guide now online | IDRC ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    2016-04-27

    Apr 27, 2016 ... After a decade of work developing the Outcome Mapping Approach, IDRC has played an important role in the development of ROMA, an adaptation of IDRC's original outcome mapping research. ROMA: A guide to policy engagement and influence, has been released by the Overseas Development Institute ...

  16. HD 46487 is Now a Classical Be Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whelan, D. G.; Baker, R. D.

    2017-06-01

    We present the first observations of hydrogen line emission detected around the B-type star HD 46487, a well-studied star in the CoRoT field of view. The emission is only evident in the H-alpha line, for which the observed violet-red peak separation (Delta v_{p}) is typical of a Be star with a circumstellar disk. The absence of dust emission from the infrared spectral energy distribution excludes the possibility of a very young star. The star's magnitude (V=5.079) and regular use in the literature for a variety of studies suggests that the line emission had a high probability of being found previously, had it been evident; since such was not the case, we believe that the Be phenomenon for HD 46487 has only very recently "turned on." We therefore recommend that this star be spectroscopically and photometrically monitored to track continued changes to its circumstellar morphology.

  17. Vaccines for Nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae: the Future Is Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-01-01

    Infections due to nontypeable Haemophilus influenzae result in enormous global morbidity in two clinical settings: otitis media in children and respiratory tract infections in adults with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Recurrent otitis media affects up to 20% of children and results in hearing loss, delays in speech and language development and, in developing countries, chronic suppurative otitis media. Infections in people with COPD result in clinic and emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and respiratory failure. An effective vaccine would prevent morbidity, help control health care costs, and reduce antibiotic use, a major contributor to the global crisis in bacterial antibiotic resistance. The widespread use of the pneumococcal conjugate vaccines is causing a relative increase in H. influenzae otitis media. The partial protection against H. influenzae otitis media induced by the pneumococcal H. influenzae protein D conjugate vaccine represents a proof of principle of the feasibility of a vaccine for nontypeable H. influenzae. An ideal vaccine antigen should be conserved among strains, have abundant epitopes on the bacterial surface, be immunogenic, and induce protective immune responses. Several surface proteins of H. influenzae have been identified as potential vaccine candidates and are in various stages of development. With continued research, progress toward a broadly effective vaccine to prevent infections caused by nontypeable H. influenzae is expected over the next several years. PMID:25787137

  18. ABC's of Being Smart: I Can "C" Clearly Now

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foster, Joanne

    2011-01-01

    In this paper, the author focuses on C of the ABC's of being smart. She continues to categorize the points for readers. These categories include the following: (1) being; (2) doing; and (3) stretching.

  19. Ultrasound for critical care physicians: now my heart is full

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bhatia S

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated after the first page. A 65 year old woman with a history of hypertension and a recent diagnosis of multiple myeloma was admitted to the ICU with septic shock due to Morganella morganii bacteremia. She was treated with cefepime, levophed and dobutamine. During treatment she developed symptoms and a chest x-ray compatible with congestive heart failure. A transthoracic echo is shown below (Figures 1 and 2. Additionally a spectral pulsed-wave Doppler study of the mitral inflow velocities is presented (Figure 3. What is the best explanation for the findings seen in on the echocardiogram? 1. Cardiac amyloidosis; 2. Hypertensive heart disease; 3. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy; 4. Stress (Takotsubo cardiomyopathy.

  20. Now You Can Micro-Computerize Your Personnel System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Short, Larry E.

    1979-01-01

    Pinpoints problems associated with personnel operations' inclusion in large complex information systems: personnel information system redesign requirements, potential confidentiality loss, reduced information accessibility, awkward data format requirements, and psychological problems. Discusses single chip micro-processor and micro-computer…