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Sample records for noboru oyama viola

  1. "Viola" sai Jaapanis eripreemia

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi võistlesid Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn. Neist "Viola" sai žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  2. Viola's Passionate Interregnum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2008-01-01

    into the poetics, and the theory of the video installations of Bill Viola. Two concepts, mutually related to each other and phenomenally connected to Interregnum, will assist me in this research: the Platonic concept of chôra space, and the concept of imagination. With the help of Kristeva's reading of the chôra......, I hope also to address the interface between imagination and expression in the process of creation and living experience of video art. I hope to show how Viola's contemporary video performances could contribute to reassess the traditional paradigms of the Self....

  3. Viola's Passionate Interregnum

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2008-01-01

    into the poetics, and the theory of the video installations of Bill Viola. Two concepts, mutually related to each other and phenomenally connected to Interregnum, will assist me in this research: the Platonic concept of chôra space, and the concept of imagination. With the help of Kristeva's reading of the chôra...

  4. Ajaloo õppetunnid / Eugenio Viola

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viola, Eugenio, 1975-

    2015-01-01

    Eugenio Viola kuraatori-essee Jaanus Samma geiteemalisest kunstiprojektist "Not suitable for work. Esimehe lugu", mis esindab Eestit 56. Venezia biennaalil. Näitus jutustab fiktiivse ooperi fragmentidena esitletud installatsiooni vormis loo homoseksuaalsuses süüdistatud kolhoosiesimehest Nõukogude Eestis

  5. The Genus viola in the Balearic Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Orell, Jeroni; Romo i Díez, Àngel M.

    1991-01-01

    S'ha dut a terme l'estudi del gènere Viola a les illes Balears. Es proposen dues noves combinacions nomenclaturals: Viola suavis Bieb. subsp. barceloi (Nyman) Orell & Romo, comb. nova i Viola odorata L. subsp. stolonifera (Rodríguez Femenías) Orell & Romo, comb. nova. Es descriuen tres noves notosubspècies de l'illa de Mallorca: Viola alba L. nothosubsp. neusii Orell & Romo, nothosubsp. nova (=Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii x V. jaubertiana); Viola alba L. nothosubsp. ...

  6. Application of Assistive Computer Vision Methods to Oyama Karate Techniques Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Hachaj

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a novel algorithm that enables online actions segmentation and classification. The algorithm enables segmentation from an incoming motion capture (MoCap data stream, sport (or karate movement sequences that are later processed by classification algorithm. The segmentation is based on Gesture Description Language classifier that is trained with an unsupervised learning algorithm. The classification is performed by continuous density forward-only hidden Markov models (HMM classifier. Our methodology was evaluated on a unique dataset consisting of MoCap recordings of six Oyama karate martial artists including multiple champion of Kumite Knockdown Oyama karate. The dataset consists of 10 classes of actions and included dynamic actions of stands, kicks and blocking techniques. Total number of samples was 1236. We have examined several HMM classifiers with various number of hidden states and also Gaussian mixture model (GMM classifier to empirically find the best setup of the proposed method in our dataset. We have used leave-one-out cross validation. The recognition rate of our methodology differs between karate techniques and is in the range of 81% ± 15% even to 100%. Our method is not limited for this class of actions but can be easily adapted to any other MoCap-based actions. The description of our approach and its evaluation are the main contributions of this paper. The results presented in this paper are effects of pioneering research on online karate action classification.

  7. Allozymic Variation and Relationships within Viola sect. Viola (Violaceae) in Iran

    OpenAIRE

    Mehrvarz Shahryar Saeidi; Yeganeh Tahereh

    2016-01-01

    Genetic variation and differentiation in taxa of the genus Viola L. sect. Viola, subsections Viola and Rostratae (Kupffer) W. Becker, were studied from natural populations occurring in Iran. Two isoenzyme systems, Phosphoglucoisomerase (PGI) and Aconitase (ACO), encoding four putative loci, were employed to detect interspecific and intraspecific genetic variation. Considering the patterns of isoenzyme variation in the studied taxa, it is evident that V. caspia (Rupr.) Freyn subsp. caspia and ...

  8. Ilmumised ja mediteerimised / Bill Viola ; interv. Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Viola, Bill

    1998-01-01

    Bill Viola videoretrospektiiv Stedelijk Museumis, Rijksmuseumis, New Metropolises jm. Amsterdamis 29. novembrini. H. Liivrand Bill Violast ja tema loomingust. B. Viola oma videokunstist praegu ja 25 aastat tagasi, mil tema alustas, mõjutustest loomingule.

  9. ASTER-SRTM Perspective of Mount Oyama Volcano, Miyake-Jima Island, Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-01-01

    Mount Oyama is a 820-meter-high (2,700 feet) volcano on the island of Miyake-Jima, Japan. In late June 2000, a series of earthquakes alerted scientists to possible volcanic activity. On June 27, authorities evacuated 2,600 people, and on July 8 the volcano began erupting and erupted five times over that week. The dark gray blanket covering green vegetation in the image is the ash deposited by prevailing northeasterly winds between July 8 and 17. This island is about 180 kilometers (110 miles) south of Tokyo and is part of the Izu chain of volcanic islands that runs south from the main Japanese island of Honshu. Miyake-Jima is home to 3,800 people. The previous major eruptions of Mount Oyama occurred in 1983 and 1962, when lava flows destroyed hundreds of houses. An earlier eruption in 1940 killed 11 people.This image is a perspective view created by combining image data from the Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER) aboard NASA's Terra satellite with an elevation model from the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM). Vertical relief is exaggerated, and the image includes cosmetic adjustments to clouds and image color to enhance clarity of terrain features.The ASTER instrument is a cooperative project between NASA, JPL, and the Japanese Ministry of International Trade and Industry.Elevation data used in this image was acquired by the Shuttle Radar Topography Mission (SRTM) aboard the Space Shuttle Endeavour, launched on February 11,2000. SRTM used the same radar instrument that comprised the Spaceborne Imaging Radar-C/X-Band Synthetic Aperture Radar (SIR-C/X-SAR) that flew twice on the Space Shuttle Endeavour in 1994. SRTM was designed to collect three-dimensional measurements of the Earth's surface. To collect the 3-D data, engineers added a 60-meter-long (200-foot) mast, installed additional C-band and X-band antennas, and improved tracking and navigation devices. The mission is a cooperative project between the National

  10. Sobre o desuso e o ressurgimento da viola pomposa About the viola pomposa revival

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoltan Paulinyi

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available A viola pomposa, instrumento pentacorde de origem barroca semelhante à viola de orquestra com uma corda Mi aguda acrescentada, recebeu denominações divergentes desde o final do século XVIII causando confusão com os termos "violino pomposo", "violino tenor", "violoncello da spalla" e "violoncello piccolo". Entrou em desuso provavelmente pela dispendiosa manutenção das cordas e maior esforço de manuseio, motivos que não mais justificam sua ausência das salas de concerto. Descreve-se detalhadamente uma viola pomposa de construção brasileira feita pelo luthier Carlos Martins del Picchia em Belo Horizonte em 2006 seguindo as informações sobre "La Parmigiana" de Guadagnini feita em 1765. Apresenta uma lista de repertório para o instrumento, na qual a produção brasileira desponta na publicação de partituras e gravações de áudio e vídeo.The viola pomposa is a 5-stringed instrument of baroque origin similar to the traditional orchestral viola, with an additional high E string. It has received divergent names since the late eighteenth century, being confounded with "violino pomposo", "violino tenor", "violoncello da spalla" and even "violoncello piccolo". It never got popularity probably because of its expensive string maintenance and bigger efforts to be played, reasons which don't justify anymore its absence from the concert halls. This article describes a Brazilian viola pomposa made by Carlos Martins Del Picchia in Belo Horizonte in 2006 after Guadagnini's "La Parmigiana" (1765 and lists an international repertory for the instrument, where the Brazilian production stands out for printed scores and audio/video recordings.

  11. A New Urease Inhibitor from Viola betonicifolia

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    Naveed Muhammad

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Urease has attracted much attention, as it is directly involved in the formation of infection stones and contributes to the pathogenesis of urolithiasis, pyelonephritis, ammonia and hepatic encephalopathy, hepatic coma and urinary catheter encrustation. Moreover, urease is the major cause of pathologies induced by H. pylori, such as gastritis and peptic ulcer. In the present work, the new natural compound, 3-methoxydalbergione, was isolated from Viola betonicifolia. A mechanistic study of this compound as a natural urease inhibitor was performed by using enzyme kinetics and docking studies. 3-Methoxydalbergione could be considered as a lead molecule for drugs useful in the urease associated diseases.

  12. A Cytotaxonomic study of Viola in the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gadella, T.W.J.

    1963-01-01

    1. The chromosome numbers of 10 species of the genus Viola in the Netherlands were determined. 2. Viola riviniana has various chromosome numbers: 2n = 35, 40, 45, 46, 47 (most often 2n = 40). 3. It was not possible to find a correlation between the external morphology and the various chromosome

  13. Effect of freezing stress on viola (Viola gracilis L. under laboratory conditions

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    A. Nezami

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available In order to evaluation of freezing tolerance in viola (Viola gracilis L. under controlled conditions, a trial carried out in completely randomized design with six replications at college of agriculture, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad, Iran, during 2008-2009. Seeds were planted in bed and seedlings were acclimated during natural conditions in autumn and at 5-7 leaves stage plants transferred to the thermo-gradient freezer to apply 12 freezing temperatures (0, -2, -4, -6, -8, -10, -12, -14, -16, -18, -20 and -22°C. Leaf cell’s membrane integrity was measured through electrolyte leakage (EL after the freezing and survival percentage and plant recovery (e.g. plant height and dry weight, number of branches and flowers and flower’s diameter were determined after three weeks of plant re-growth in the cold frame. As temperature decreased, EL% increased significantly and reached to the maximum in -20oC. Survival percentage did not affected by temperatures between 0oC to -18oC but all plants killed in -22oC. LT50el and LT50su were -20.0°C and -19.4°C, respectively. Decreasing the temperature lower than -18 oC reduced plant dry matter severely and RDMT50 was -19.2°C.

  14. Communication Between Devices in the Viola Document Delivery System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Theodor Tolstoy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Viola is a newly developed document delivery system that handles incoming and outgoing requests for printed books, articles, sharing electronic resources, and other document delivery services on the local level in a library organisation. An important part of Viola is the stack fetching Android application that enables librarians to collect books in the open and closed stacks in an efficient manner using a smartphone and a Bluetooth connected portable printer. The aim of this article is to show how information is transferred between systems and devices in Viola. The article presents code examples from Viola that use current .NET technologies. The examples span from the creation of high-level REST-based JSON APIs to byte array communication with a Bluetooth connected printer and the reading of RFID tags. Please note that code examples in this article are for illustration purposes only. Null checking and other exception handling has been removed for clarity. Code that is separated in Viola for testability and other reasons has been brought together to make it more readable.

  15. To Be Like Primrose: Understanding Tradition in a Viola Studio

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kedem, Yore

    2011-01-01

    Dealing with traditions is a central issue in music education. I investigate different perspectives on tradition by engaging in a local hermeneutic study surrounding an interpretive event from a viola studio. To understand the function of tradition in this event, I construct a theoretical perspective with roots in hermeneutics and educational…

  16. Immunosuppressive activity of an aqueous Viola tricolor herbal extract.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellinger, Roland; Koehbach, Johannes; Fedchuk, Halyna; Sauer, Barbara; Huber, Roman; Gruber, Christian W; Gründemann, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    Heartsease (Viola tricolor L.), a member of the Violaceae family, has a long history as a medicinal plant and has been documented in the Pharmacopoeia of Europe. Due to its anti-inflammatory properties it is regarded as a traditional remedy against skin diseases, for example for the treatment of scabs, itching, ulcers, eczema or psoriasis, and it is also used in the treatment of inflammation of the lungs and chest such as bronchitis or asthma. Because T-cells play an important role in the pathological process of inflammatory diseases we investigated the effect of an aqueous Viola extract on lymphocyte functions and explored the 'active' principle of the extract using bioactivity-guided fractionation. An aqueous Viola extract was prepared by C18 solid-phase extraction. Effects on proliferation of activated lymphocytes (using the cell membrane permeable fluorescein dye CFSE), apoptosis and necrosis (using annexin V and propidium iodide staining), interleukin-2 (IL-2) receptor expression (using fluorochrome-conjugated antibodies) and IL-2 cytokine secretion (using an ELISA-based bead array system) were measured by flow cytometry. Influence on lymphocyte polyfunctionality was characterized by Viola extract-induced production of IFN-γ and TNF-α, as well as its influence on lymphocyte degranulation activity. Fractionation and phytochemical analysis of the extract were performed by RP-HPLC and mass spectrometry. The aqueous Viola extract inhibited proliferation of activated lymphocytes by reducing IL-2 cytokine secretion without affecting IL-2 receptor expression. Similarly, effector functions were affected as indicated by the reduction of IFN-γ and TNF-α production; degranulation capacity of activated lymphocytes remained unaffected. Bioassay-guided fractionation and phytochemical analysis of the extract led to identification of circular plant peptides, so called cyclotides, as bioactive components. An aqueous Viola extract contains bioactive cyclotides, which

  17. Biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles by using Viola serpens extract

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    Anu Kumar

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To formulate a biological approach for the biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles using aqueous extracts of leaves of Viola serpens which is considered as a ecofriendly method as it does not include any harmful chemicals. Methods: The synthesized silver nanoparticles were characterized by using UV-vis spectroscopy analysis, scanning electron microscopy analysis and X-ray diffraction analysis. Results: Scanning electron microscopy analysis study revealed that synthesized silver nanoparticles were of an average size of 80–90 nm. Crystalline nature of synthesized silver nanoparticles was confirmed by X-ray diffraction analysis. Conclusions: The leaves of Viola serpens can be a potent source for the biological synthesis of silver nanoparticles. The outcome of the study can lead to the development of a novel drug for biomedical field.

  18. A Viola-Jones based hybrid face detection framework

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murphy, Thomas M.; Broussard, Randy; Schultz, Robert; Rakvic, Ryan; Ngo, Hau

    2013-12-01

    Improvements in face detection performance would benefit many applications. The OpenCV library implements a standard solution, the Viola-Jones detector, with a statistically boosted rejection cascade of binary classifiers. Empirical evidence has shown that Viola-Jones underdetects in some instances. This research shows that a truncated cascade augmented by a neural network could recover these undetected faces. A hybrid framework is constructed, with a truncated Viola-Jones cascade followed by an artificial neural network, used to refine the face decision. Optimally, a truncation stage that captured all faces and allowed the neural network to remove the false alarms is selected. A feedforward backpropagation network with one hidden layer is trained to discriminate faces based upon the thresholding (detection) values of intermediate stages of the full rejection cascade. A clustering algorithm is used as a precursor to the neural network, to group significant overlappings. Evaluated on the CMU/VASC Image Database, comparison with an unmodified OpenCV approach shows: (1) a 37% increase in detection rates if constrained by the requirement of no increase in false alarms, (2) a 48% increase in detection rates if some additional false alarms are tolerated, and (3) an 82% reduction in false alarms with no reduction in detection rates. These results demonstrate improved face detection and could address the need for such improvement in various applications.

  19. AHMET ADNAN SAYGUN’S VIOLA CONCERTO OP. 59 AND MOTIVIC ANALYSIS OF THE 1ST MOVEMENT

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    H. Eren TUNCER

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The viola repertoire is limited comparing to the violin repertoire in Classical Western Music. The viola gained significant importance as a virtuoso instrument after the 20th century. World renowned composers such as Bela Bartok, Paul Hindemith, and William Walton composed high level concertos for the solo viola which have a certain level of virtuosity. While foreign composers were composing works for viola, Turkish composers such as Ahmed Adnan Saygun, Necil Kazim Akses, Yalcin Tura, Ertugrul Oguz Firat also composed concertos for viola. These Turkish composers frequently used folk elements in their compositions. This article focuses on how Ahmed Adnan Saygun applied these traditional folk elements in his viola concerto.

  20. Nomenclatural notes on the species of Viola L. (Violaceae and Thymus L. (Lamiaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. M. Vasjukov

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available A new name Viola × nikitinii Vasjukov is validated instead of the illegitimate Viola × bezdelevae Vl.V. Nikitin, 2007 (non Vorosch., 1987; for the species widely accepted in the recent floras as Thymus oxyodontus Klokov, 1954 [non (Sennen et Pau Sennen et Pau, 1934], a correct name Th. brevipetiolatus Čáp. is reported.

  1. The Viola and its Sounds: Exploration of Expressive Aspects in the Concerto for Viola and Orchestra by Antônio Borges-Cunha

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    Ricardo Lobo Kubala

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on observations gained while preparing for the performance of the Concerto for Viola and Orchestra by Antônio Borges-Cunha (2007 the aim is to investigate how the composer explored the sonorous possibilities of the solo viola in this work by questioning the relationship between the composer’s stylistic attributes and the fundamentals of instrumental technique. In order to enhance the means of discussing the topic, concepts like “tradition”– as it relates to the viola specifically – and “timbre” are also analyzed. In conclusion, there is a predominance of writing that provokes an atmosphere associated to the idea of tradition and that, even in passages where the prevailing sonority moves away from this notion, instrumental technique stays within tradition.

  2. Isolation and characterization of cytotoxic cyclotides from Viola philippica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    He, Wenjun; Chan, Lai Yue; Zeng, Guangzhi; Daly, Norelle L; Craik, David J; Tan, Ninghua

    2011-08-01

    Cyclotides are a large family of plant peptides characterized by a macrocyclic backbone and knotted arrangement of three disulfide bonds. This unique structure renders cyclotides exceptionally stable to thermal, chemical and enzymatic treatments. They exhibit a variety of bioactivities, including uterotonic, anti-HIV, cytotoxic and hemolytic activity and it is these properties that make cyclotides an interesting peptide scaffold for drug design. In this study, eight new cyclotides (Viphi A-H), along with eight known cyclotides, were isolated from Viola philippica, a plant from the Violaceae family. In addition, Viba 17 and Mram 8 were isolated for the first time as peptides. The sequences of these cyclotides were elucidated primarily by using a strategy involving reduction, enzymatic digestion and tandem mass spectroscopy sequencing. Several of the cyclotides showed cytotoxic activities against the cancer cell lines MM96L, HeLa and BGC-823. The novel cyclotides reported here: (1) enhance the known sequence variation observed for cyclotides; (2) extend the number of species known to contain cyclotides; (3) provide interesting structure-activity relationships that delineate residues important for cytotoxic activity. In addition, this study provides insights into the potential active ingredients of traditional Chinese medicines. Copyright © 2011 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  3. A probe into the medicinal potential of Viola canescens – A threatened medicinal plant from Himalaya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidra Sabir

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Viola canescens Wall. ex Roxb. is a perennial herb belonging to family Violaceae, and it is almost cosmopolitan in distribution. This plant is widely used in Ayurveda and Unani medicinal systems for curing various ailments, most commonly for cough and cold. Phytochemical studies releaved that this plant is rich in secondary metabolites. This plant revealed significant antimicrobial, anti-inflamatory, antioxidant, hepatoprotective, laxative, analgesic as well as antitumor activities. Due to all these important pharmacological activities, market demand of Viola canescens is increasing day by day and this plant is facing tremendous over exploitation and becomes a threatened plant according to International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources. The present review compiles that the ethnobotanical, phytochemical and pharmacological aspects of the plant need to be conserved.

  4. Analysis on antioxidant activity by orac method in Viola tricolor l. flowers processed by ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koike, Amanda Cristina Ramos; Silva, Pamela Galo da; Villavicencio, Anna Lucia Casanas Haasis; Rodrigues, Flávio Thihara; Alencar, Severino Matias de

    2017-01-01

    Edible flowers are increasingly being used in gastronomy, being also recognized for their potential valuable effects beneficial to human health. Viola tricolor L. (johnny-jump-up) flowers represents one of the most popular and are widely used in culinary preparations, being also acknowledged for their antioxidant properties. To improve the conservation and safety of flowers the new approaches can be used as ionizing radiation. Radiation treatment contribute to the improve the safety, quality and extends the shelf life of foods by disinfestation insects and reducing or eliminating pathogenic microorganisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of electron beam and gamma irradiation in the doses of 0.5, 0.8, 1.0 kGy and control (non-irradiated) on the antioxidant activity of Viola tricolor L.by the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity assay (ORAC). Therefore, the ionizing radiation did not affect the antioxidant activity of the flowers. (author)

  5. Analysis on antioxidant activity by orac method in Viola tricolor l. flowers processed by ionizing radiation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koike, Amanda Cristina Ramos; Silva, Pamela Galo da; Villavicencio, Anna Lucia Casanas Haasis, E-mail: amandaramos@usp.br [Instituto de Pesquisas Energéticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), São Paulo, SP (Brazil); Rodrigues, Flávio Thihara, E-mail: flaviot@ymail.com [Instituto Federal de Góias (IFG), Inhumas, GO (Brazil); Alencar, Severino Matias de, E-mail: smalencar@usp.br [Escola Superior de Agricultura Luiz de Queiroz (ESALQ/USP), Piracicaba, SP (Brazil)

    2017-07-01

    Edible flowers are increasingly being used in gastronomy, being also recognized for their potential valuable effects beneficial to human health. Viola tricolor L. (johnny-jump-up) flowers represents one of the most popular and are widely used in culinary preparations, being also acknowledged for their antioxidant properties. To improve the conservation and safety of flowers the new approaches can be used as ionizing radiation. Radiation treatment contribute to the improve the safety, quality and extends the shelf life of foods by disinfestation insects and reducing or eliminating pathogenic microorganisms. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of electron beam and gamma irradiation in the doses of 0.5, 0.8, 1.0 kGy and control (non-irradiated) on the antioxidant activity of Viola tricolor L.by the Oxygen Radical Absorbance Capacity assay (ORAC). Therefore, the ionizing radiation did not affect the antioxidant activity of the flowers. (author)

  6. Potencial Efetivo em Modelos com Violação de Lorentz

    OpenAIRE

    Farias, Claudio Fernando Ferreira

    2013-01-01

    Nesta tese, revisamos alguns conceitos básicos relacionados à violação da simetria de Lorentz e a teorias do tipo Horava-Lifshitz. Apresentamos nossa contribuição ao cálculo do potencial efetivo em duas formulações que exibem violação da invariância de Lorentz. Primeiro, calculamos o potencial efetivo para algumas teorias do tipo HL. Obtivemos resultados para o modelo escalar puro, para a QED escalar com expoente crítico z = 2 e z genérico, e para o modelo de Yukawa também com z = 2 e com val...

  7. Dificuldades en el uso de retardantes de crecimento en Viola wittrockiana.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Boschi

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available B-Nine es la formulación de daminozide (Uniroyal Chemicals, Middlebury, CT usada durante los últimos 25 años para este fin. Recientemente se han desarrollado nuevos retardantes (paclobutrazol aunque la respuesta a dosis extremadamente bajas ha sido errática en especies como la Viola wittrockiana. El resultado es un excesivo arrosetamieto, un alargamiento del ciclo productivo y una disminución de la calidad comercial. El objetivo de este trabajo ha sido evaluar el efecto de la calidad del sustrato de crecimiento sobre la respuesta de plantas de Viola wittrockiana tratadas con diferentes reguladores durante el período de crecimiento inicial en contenedores pequeños (plug. Se utilizaron plantas de Viola wittrockiana ‘Banner Orange’. A los 25 días de la siembra se asperjaron las plantas con: (1 Agua (Testigo, (2 Paclobutrazol: 0,5 mg L-1, (3 Paclobutrazol: 1,0 mg L-1, (4 Paclobutrazol: 2,5 mg L-1, (5 Paclobutrazol: 5,0 mg L-1, (6 Daminozide: 2500 mg L-1. Se trasplantaron posteriormente a macetas de 800 cm3 (35 días desde la siembra conteniendo los siguientes substratos: (1 Fafard Growing Mix® (100%, (2 Fafard Growing Mix® (50% + Suelo (50%, (3 Suelo (100%, (4 Fafard Growing Mix® + Resaca de río (50%, (5 Resaca de río (100%. Nuestros resultados indican que la respuesta para un sustrato de crecimiento dado pueden variar considerablemente dentro de un rango pequeño para Viola wittrockiana y que la producción de fotoasimilados varía según la dosis utilizada de paclobutrazol así como el sustrato de crecimiento utilizado (figura 1.

  8. The Study of Antimicrobial Activities of Partially Purified Cyclotide Content and Crude Extracts from Viola tricolor

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    Zahra Khoshkam

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Background:    Searching for the potent natural antibiotics will improve the treatment of most infectious diseases. Cyclotides are potent active peptides derived from some plant families like Violaceae. Viola tricolor (the pansy has been found to have numerous cyclotides. Nowadays cyclotides attract more attention for their antibacterial activities.  The current research studied the antimicrobial properties of semi-purified cyclotides from V. tricolor. Methods:   Extraction and purification of cyclotides from Iranian Viola tricolor were performed by fractionation and solid phase extraction methods, and their antimicrobial effects were studied against several bacterial strains using diffusion assays. Also, attendance of cyclotide in the extract was verified by Tricine-SDS page and spectroscopic methods. Results:  Antimicrobial effects of semi-purified cyclotides and crude extracts resulted in the antibacterial activity potential of V. tricolor totally extracted samples against gram negative bacteria, E.coli and P. aeruginosa. However, there is need for optimizing the assay method and the culture media. Conclusion:    Viola tricolor as a remedy represents the antibacterial potential, which may not be unrelated to its cyclotide content although the effectiveness of cyclotides may also differ because of their synergism, natural structure and bioactivities, the amount of purified content, and the way they were assayed. 

  9. The Study of Antimicrobial Activities of Partially Purified Cyclotide Content and Crude Extracts from Viola tricolor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zahra Khoshkam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Background:    Searching for the potent natural antibiotics will improve the treatment of most infectious diseases. Cyclotides are potent active peptides derived from some plant families like Violaceae. Viola tricolor (the pansy has been found to have numerous cyclotides. Nowadays cyclotides attract more attention for their antibacterial activities.  The current research studied the antimicrobial properties of semi-purified cyclotides from V. tricolor. Methods:   Extraction and purification of cyclotides from Iranian Viola tricolor were performed by fractionation and solid phase extraction methods, and their antimicrobial effects were studied against several bacterial strains using diffusion assays. Also, attendance of cyclotide in the extract was verified by Tricine-SDS page and spectroscopic methods. Results:  Antimicrobial effects of semi-purified cyclotides and crude extracts resulted in the antibacterial activity potential of V. tricolor totally extracted samples against gram negative bacteria, E.coli and P. aeruginosa. However, there is need for optimizing the assay method and the culture media. Conclusion:    Viola tricolor as a remedy represents the antibacterial potential, which may not be unrelated to its cyclotide content although the effectiveness of cyclotides may also differ because of their synergism, natural structure and bioactivities, the amount of purified content, and the way they were assayed. 

  10. Pendeteksian Bagian Tubuh Manusia untuk Filter Pornografi dengan Metode Viola-Jones

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    Benny Senjaya

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Information Technology does help people to get information promptly anytime and anywhere. Unfortunately, the information gathered from the Internet does not always come out positive. Some information can be destructive, such as porn images. To mitigate this problem, the study aims to create a desktop application that could detect parts of human body which can be expanded in the future to become an image filter application for pornography. The detection methodology in this study is Viola-Jones method which provides a complete framework for extracting and recognizing image features. A combination of Viola-Jones method with Haar-like features, integral image, boosting algorithm, and cascade classifier provide a robust detector for the application. First, several parts of the human body are chosen to be detected as the data training using the Viola-Jones method. Then, another set of images (similar body parts but different images are run through the application to be recognized. The result shows 86.25% of successful detection. The failures are identified and show that the inputted data are completely different with the data training.

  11. No evidence of contemporary interploidy gene flow between the closely related European woodland violets Viola reichenbachiana and V. riviniana (sect. Viola, Violaceae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Migdałek, G; Nowak, J; Saługa, M; Cieślak, E; Szczepaniak, M; Ronikier, M; Marcussen, T; Słomka, A; Kuta, E

    2017-07-01

    Viola reichenbachiana (2n = 4x = 20) and V. riviniana (2n = 8x = 40) are closely related species widely distributed in Europe, often sharing the same habitat throughout their overlapping ranges. It has been suggested in numerous studies that their high intraspecific morphological variability and plasticity might have been further increased by interspecific hybridisation in contact zones, given the sympatry of the species and the incomplete sterility of their hybrid. The aims of this study were to: (i) confirm that V. reichenbachiana and V. riviniana have one 4x genome in common, and (ii) determine the impact of hybridisation and introgression on genetic variation of these two species in selected European populations. For our study, we used 31 Viola populations from four European countries, which were analysed using AFLP and sequencing of a variable plastid intergenic spacer, trnH-psbA. Our analysis revealed that V. reichenbachiana exhibited larger haplotype diversity, having three species-specific haplotypes versus one in V. riviniana. The relationships among haplotypes suggest transfer of common haplotypes into V. riviniana from both V. reichenbachiana and hypothetically the other, now extinct, parental species. AFLP analysis showed low overall genetic diversity of both species, with V. riviniana showing higher among-population diversity. None of the morphologically designated hybrid populations had additive AFLP polymorphisms that would have indicated recent hybridisation. Also, kinship coefficients between both species did not indicate gene flow. V. riviniana showed significant population subdivision and significant isolation by distance, in contrast to V. reichenbachiana. The results indicate lack of gene flow between species, high influence of selfing on genetic variability, as well as probably only localised introgression toward V. riviniana. © 2017 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.

  12. Floral structure and pollen morphology are important characters in taxonomy of the genus Viola (Violaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aneta Słomka

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available the pistil with stigma, stamen appendages (nectaries and pollen heteromorphism are important diagnostic features in the genus ViolaL. The style characters were crucial in the very early classifications of this genus (Clausen 1927. We analyzed in details, using scanning electron microscopy (SEM, the microstructural characters of generative organs (style and stigma, stamens with nectaries and pollen in representatives of three sections (Viola L., Melanium Ging., DischidiumGing. occurring in Poland to get insights into the relatedness among far-related (different sections and closely related (sub-sections within section species. There is a great difference in stigma micromorphology between sections. In the section Violaflowers have style beaked at the apex, glabrous or covered by papillae and/or hairs, depending of subsection. Monotypic section Dischidiumwith one species V. biflora L. characterizes 2-lobed stigma. Cup-shaped stigma with the hole on the top and a lip below, covered with papillae and hairs on its outer surface occurs in pansies of the section Melanium. Pollen is highly heteromorphic (different pollen morphs, from three up to six apertures within one flower or even within one pollen sac in the Melaniumsection and weakly heteromorphic mainly with three apertures in diploids of Viola and Dischidiumsections. This character is independent of the polyploidy in the Melaniumbut not in Violasection (Dajoz 1999. The flower micromorphological characters are also useful in reconstruction of closely related species origin. Based on stigma and nectaries features, two zinc violets are more similar to the alpineV. lutea, than to V. tricolor, indicated also as the ancestor (Kuta et al.2012.

  13. Mensaje oficial y encuentro con estudiantes universitarios del presidente de facto Roberto Eduardo Viola

    OpenAIRE

    Viola, Roberto Eduardo

    1981-01-01

    El presidente de facto Roberto Eduardo Viola habla y luego responde preguntas de estudiantes universitarios en Córdoba. El encuentro se transmite en cadena de radios universitarias, con origen en RA 7 Radio Nacional Córdoba. Responde sobre la sucesión presidencial, sobre la ley de radiodifusión, sobre el régimen comercial de las emisoras universitarias, sobre las denuncias de violaciones a la libertad de prensa; y finalmente, sobre obras públicas de Córdoba y el perfil industrial nacional. ...

  14. Time constraints for post-LGM landscape response to deglaciation in Val Viola, Central Italian Alps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scotti, Riccardo; Brardinoni, Francesco; Crosta, Giovanni Battista; Cola, Giuseppe; Mair, Volkmar

    2017-12-01

    Across the northern European Alps, a long tradition of Quaternary studies has constrained post-LGM (Last Glacial Maximum) landscape history. The same picture remains largely unknown for the southern portion of the orogen. In this work, starting from existing 10Be exposure dating of three boulders in Val Viola, Central Italian Alps, we present the first detailed, post-LGM reconstruction of landscape (i.e., glacial, periglacial and paraglacial) response south of the Alpine divide. We pursue this task through Schmidt-hammer exposure-age dating (SHD) at 34 sites including moraines, rock glaciers, protalus ramparts, rock avalanche deposits and talus cones. In addition, based on the mapping of preserved moraines and on the numerical SHD ages, we reconstruct the glacier extent of four different stadials, including Egesen I (13.1 ± 1.1 ka), Egesen II (12.3 ± 0.6 ka), Kartell (11.0 ± 1.4 ka) and Kromer (9.7 ± 1.4 ka), whose chronologies agree with available counterparts from north of the Alpine divide. Results show that Equilibrium Line Altitude depressions (ΔELAs) associated to Younger Dryas and Early Holocene stadials are smaller than documented at most available sites in the northern Alps. These findings not only support the hypothesis of a dominant north westerly atmospheric circulation during the Younger Dryas, but also suggest that this pattern could have lasted until the Early Holocene. SHD ages on rock glaciers and protalus ramparts indicate that favourable conditions to periglacial landform development occurred during the Younger Dryas (12.7 ± 1.1 ka), on the valley slopes above the glacier, as well as in newly de-glaciated areas, during the Early Holocene (10.7 ± 1.3 and 8.8 ± 1.8 ka). The currently active rock glacier started to develop before 3.7 ± 0.8 ka and can be associated to the Löbben oscillation. Four of the five rock avalanches dated in Val Viola cluster within the Early Holocene, in correspondence of an atmospheric warming phase. By contrast

  15. Facts, theories and ideologies: Viola Klein and Sociology of Scientific Knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eulalia Pérez Sedeño

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Several studies on history, philosophy and sociology of science have demonstrated that science is not autonomous and value-neutral and its selfless search of truth is an ideal theoretical myth far from the real practice of science, which is an aggregate of social practices. Viola Klein was a pioneer in studying science using the same instruments and categories utilized in any other social practice. The aim of this work is to highlight her contributions to Sociology of Scientific Knowledge at a moment when this discipline was, at the most, incipient.

  16. RENDIMENTO CORPORAL E COMPOSIÇÃO QUÍMICA DO FILÉ DA VIOLA (Loricariichthys anus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Conceição Pfaff de Britto

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Loricariichthys anus (Viola is currently the largest fish species of economic value of Mangueira Lagoon and, because of that, the aim of this work was to analyze its body yield and the chemical composition of its fillet. Forty animals caught in Mangueira Lagoon were divided into two groups of 20 animals each. The weight presented a variation of 128 to 190g in group A and of 234 to 293g in group B. Biometric evaluation was performed in Ichthyology Laboratory of UFPEL, where the animals were evaluated regarding length and weight, which were used for body yield calculation. Carcass yield, head yield, visceral yield, skin yield, clean trunk yield and fillet yield were evaluated. Chemical analysis was performed in dried fillet to obtain the values of protein, lipids, ash and moisture, and in natural matter to assess the fatty acid content. The weight of animals affects carcass yield. The viola fillet is lean, with high protein content and higher amount of unsaturated fatty acids compared to saturated.

  17. Influences of Dynamic Level and Pitch Register on the Vibrato Rates and Widths of Violin and Viola Players

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacLeod, Rebecca B.

    2008-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate possible influences of pitch register and dynamic level on vibrato rates and widths of university and high school violin and viola players. Analysis showed that pitch register significantly affected the vibrato rates and widths of the performers. Musicians vibrated 0.32 Hz faster and approximately 26…

  18. Studies on the antihypertensive and antidyslipidemic activities of Viola odorata leaves extract

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siddiqi Hasan S

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study was undertaken to provide pharmacological basis for the medicinal use of Viola odorata Linn. in hypertension and dyslipidemia using the in vivo and in vitro assays. Results Viola odorata leaves extract (Vo.Cr, which tested positive for alkaloids, saponins, tannins, phenolics, coumarins and flavonoids, caused a dose-dependent (0.1-1.0 mg/kg decrease in mean arterial blood pressure in anaesthetized rats. In isolated guinea-pig atria, Vo.Cr equally inhibited force and rate of spontaneous atrial contractions. On the baseline of rat thoracic aortae (endothelium-intact and denuded, the plant extract caused phentolamine-sensitive vasoconstriction. When tested on phenylephrine (PE, 1 μM and K+ (80 mM-induced vasoconstriction, Vo.Cr caused a concentration-dependent relaxation and also caused a rightward shift of Ca++ concentration-response curves as well as suppression of PE (1 μM control peaks in Ca++-free medium, similar to that caused by verapamil. In the presence of L-NAME, the relaxation curve of Vo.Cr was partially inhibited showing involvement of Nitric oxide (NO mediated pathway. In Tyloxapol-induced dyslipidemia, Vo.Cr caused reduction in total cholesterol and triglyceride levels. In high-fat diet-induced dyslipidemia model, the plant extract caused a significant decrease in total cholesterol, LDL-C, atherogenic index and prevented the increase in average body weights, while it increased HDL-C. Conclusions These data indicate that the vasodilator effect of the plant extract is mediated through multiple pathways like inhibition of Ca++ influx via membranous Ca++ channels, its release from intracellular stores and NO-mediated pathways, which possibly explain the fall in BP. The plant also showed reduction in body weight and antidyslipidemic effect which may be due to the inhibition of synthesis and absorption of lipids and antioxidant activities. Thus, this study provides a pharmacologic rationale to the medicinal

  19. The player and the bowed string: coordination of bowing parameters in violin and viola performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schoonderwaldt, E

    2009-11-01

    An experiment was conducted with four violin and viola players, measuring their bowing performance using an optical motion capture system and sensors on the bow. The measurements allowed for a detailed analysis of the use and coordination of the main bowing parameters bow velocity, bow force, and bow-bridge distance. An analysis of bowing strategies in detache playing of notes of three durations (0.2, 2, and 4 s) at three dynamic levels (pp, mf, and f) on all four strings is presented, focusing on the "steady" part of the notes. The results revealed clear trends in the coordinated variations of the bowing parameters depending on the constraints of the task, reflecting a common behavior as well as individual strategies. Furthermore, there were clear indications that the players adapted the bowing parameters to the physical properties of the string and the instrument, respecting the limits of the playable control parameter space.

  20. Micromorphology and ultrastructure of the floral nectaries of Viola odorata L. (Violaceae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Wiśniewska

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available In Viola odorata two inferior anthers have connective appendages (nectaries projecting into the corolla spur. Nectaries are approx. 4 mm long, elongate, with the top of the nectary bending to the lateral wall of the spur. In the top part and in the abaxial surface of middle part of the nectary all cells have papillae. Nectar is secreted through the modified stomata distributed mainly in the top of nectary The nectary consists of single-layered epidermis, nectary parenchyma and subnectary parenchyma. Features of the nectary parenchyma cells, like dense cytoplasm containing numerous mitochondria and large nuclei, are connected with high metabolic cell activity. The vascularization includes both phloem and xylem. A slight amount of starch in the nectary cells, the profusion of plasmodesmata connecting secretory cells and the presence of vascular bundles suggest that sugars secreted in the nectar were delivered by the phloem sap.

  1. Fixed Oil Composition and Biological Screening of Viola betonicifolia in Different Solvents

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Muhammad, N.; Khan, H.; Khan, A.; Farooq, U.; Saeed, M.; Ullah, S.; Khan, S. S.; Shareef, H.; Khan, Z.; Zahoor, M.

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the paper to report a chemical study on fixed oils isolated from the n-hexane and chloroform/ ethyl acetate fractions of the whole plant Viola betonicifolia by column chromatography. The chemical compositions of the crude fixed oils were determined by using GC and GC-MS analysis. The subfractions of oils (NM 1-6) were screened for their possible antibacterial, antifungal, phytotoxic, insecticidal, leishmanicidal and brine shrimp cytotoxicity. In antifungal assay, NM-4 and NM-6 fractions showed 30 and 40 percent inhibition against Microsporum canis, while NM-6 exhibited 30 percent activity against Candida albicans. A dose-dependent phytotoxic activity was recorded for fractions NM-1, NM-3 and NM-6. Some subfractions showed low to moderate insecticidal activity against Tribolium castaneum, Rhyzopertha dominica and Callosobruchus analis. NM-5 and NM-6 fractions were cytotoxic, with LD50 values of 175.341 and 160.734 micro g/ml, respectively. (author)

  2. Regeneration of multiple shoots from petiole callus of Viola serpens Wall.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vishwakarma, Umashankar Radheshyam; Gurav, Arun Manohar; Sharma, Prakash Chandra

    2013-04-01

    Experiments were conducted to develop methodology for in vitro propagation and rapid multiplication of Viola serpens Wall. using petiole explant. The MS medium supplemented with 2, 4-D (6.78 μm) was found most suitable for callus induction in petiole explant. The best growth response and higher rate of shoot regeneration from petiole callus was observed on MS medium containing BAP (11.10 μm) as the average number of shoots could be increased to 36.4 on fourth successive subculturing. Higher rooting response with larger number of roots were observed in shoots inoculated on the half-strength MS medium supplemented with IBA (19.68 μm).

  3. Foliar anatomy of Viola maculata growing in Parque Nacional Los Alerces, Chubut, Patagonia, Argentina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chana Pilberg

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Viola maculata Cav., Violaceae, grows in the underwood along the Los Andes mountain system from Neuquén to Tierra del Fuego and Islas Malvinas. It is also known as violeta amarilla or as pilundeu, and is used in popular medicine by the Mapuches as stimulant, in dermatology, and as a lavage in eye diseases. The aim of this work is to examine the morpho-anatomical traits of the leaves and petiole of V. maculata (collected at Parque Nacional Los Alerces, Patagonia, Argentina. Cross sections and scanning electron microscopy of leaves blade and petiole showed a simple organization with simple unicellular trichomes and cells containing tannins, and crystals of calcium oxalate mainly in the spongy parenchyma. As V. maculata is used in traditional medicine, the specification of the anatomical characters is relevant to describe the species.

  4. Morphological versus genetic diversity of Viola reichenbachiana and V. riviniana (sect. Viola, Violaceae) from soils differing in heavy metal content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuta, E; Jędrzejczyk-Korycińska, M; Cieślak, E; Rostański, A; Szczepaniak, M; Migdałek, G; Wąsowicz, P; Suda, J; Combik, M; Słomka, A

    2014-09-01

    Morphological characters, AFLP markers and flow cytometry were used to investigate the morphological and genetic variability and differentiation of Viola reichenbachiana and V. riviniana in non-metallicolous (NM) and metallicolous (M) populations. The aims were to clarify the taxonomic status of plants occurring in ore-bearing areas, to determine any relationship in V. reichenbachiana and V. riviniana from sites not polluted with heavy metals, and to examine the genetic variability and differentiation of M and NM populations of both species. Multivariate analyses based on morphological characters showed significant differences between V. reichenbachiana and V. riviniana from non-polluted sites, high levels of intra- and inter-population variability, and the occurrence of inter-specific hybrids. Plants from M populations showed hybrid characters but also fell within the range of V. riviniana or V. reichenbachiana. There were no significant differences in relative genome size between plants from polluted areas and V. riviniana from NM populations. Bayesian analysis of population genetic structure based on AFLP markers distinguished two main groups: V. reichenbachiana and V. riviniana together with the M populations. That analysis also revealed the occurrence of populations of inter-specific hybrids from non-polluted areas. Further Bayesian analysis of V. riviniana including NM and M populations separated all the studied M populations from NM populations. We conclude that plants forming the M populations are well adapted to a metal-polluted environment, and could be considered as stabilised introgressive forms resulting from unidirectional (asymmetric) introgression toward V. riviniana. © 2014 German Botanical Society and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.

  5. Viola tricolor Induces Apoptosis in Cancer Cells and Exhibits Antiangiogenic Activity on Chicken Chorioallantoic Membrane

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    Hamid Reza Sadeghnia

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In the present study, the cytotoxic and apoptogenic properties of hydroalcoholic extract and ethyl acetate (EtOAc, n-butanol, and water fractions (0–800 μg/mL of Viola tricolor were investigated in Neuro2a mouse neuroblastoma and MCF-7 human breast cancer cells. In addition, antiangiogenic effect of EtOAc fraction was evaluated on chicken chorioallantoic membrane (CAM. The quality of EtOAc fraction was also characterized using high performance liquid chromatography (HPLC fingerprint. Cytotoxicity assay revealed that EtOAc fraction was the most potent among all fractions with maximal effect on MCF-7 and minimal toxicity against normal murine fibroblast L929 cells. Apoptosis induction by EtOAc fraction was confirmed by increased sub-G1 peak of propidium iodide (PI stained cells. This fraction triggered the apoptotic pathway by increased Bax/Bcl-2 ratio and cleaved caspase-3 level. Moreover, treatment with EtOAc fraction significantly decreased the diameter of vessels on CAM, while the number of newly formed blood vessels was not suppressed significantly. Analysis of quality of EtOAc fraction using HPLC fingerprint showed six major peaks with different retention times. The results of the present study suggest that V. tricolor has potential anticancer property by inducing apoptosis and inhibiting angiogenesis.

  6. Fungal endophytes associated with Viola odorata Linn. as bioresource for pancreatic lipase inhibitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katoch, M; Paul, A; Singh, G; Sridhar, S N C

    2017-08-03

    As per the recent statistical reports of World Health Organisation (WHO), 13% of total global population is obese. Orlistat remains to be the only drug approved for the long term treatment of obesity. Recent findings highlighted severe adverse effects of orlistat that included hepatotoxicity, gall stones, kidney stones and acute pancreatitis. Therefore, search for new drug is required. The investigations based on endophytic natural products would prove pivotal in the global fight against this health issue. Obesity is associated with lipid metabolism involving pancreatic lipase enzyme. The inhibition of pancreatic lipase is demonstrated by using the extracts of endophytes isolated from Viola odorata Linn. In addition, endophytes were identified using ITS based rDNA sequencing. Present study involves the isolation and identification of 27 endophytes from V. odorata. All the endophytes were evaluated for lipase inhibitory activities. The extracts of seven endophytes exhibited lipase inhibitory activity with IC 50  endophytic community with potent lipase inhibitory activity. VOLF4 is the potential endophyte. The extract of VOLF4 can be used to develop the potential drug to treat obesity.

  7. Antimicrobial potential and phyto chemical analysis of different solvent extracted samples of viola pilosa

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bakht, J.; Panni, M. K.; Shafi, M.

    2017-01-01

    Investigation of susceptibility of medicinal plants for bacterial pathogens is significant for suitable choice of treatment. Different solvent extracted samples of Viola pilosa shoots were investigated for their antibacterial and phytochemical activities using 0.5, 1 and 2 mg disc-1 concentrations. The antibacterial bioassay was assayed by disc diffusion method against six microbes. The studies revealed that ethyl acetate extracted fractions resulted in maximum growth inhibition of Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus at 2000 mu g disc-1 concentration. Similarly, Xanthomonas campestris and Klebsiella pneumonia were found more susceptible to n-butanol extract. Maximum reduction in the activity of B. subtilis and E. coli was recorded by n-hexane fractions at two mg per disc. The most susceptible microbe was Pseudomonas aeruginosa. The results further revealed that all the tested microbes were found completely resistant to water extracted fractions at all the tested concentrations measuring 0% ZI. Phytochemical analysis showed the presence of various bioactive compounds including flavonoids, glycosides, proteins, fats, alkaloids, steroids, saponins, carbohydrates and tannins. (author)

  8. A Hybrid Vehicle Detection Method Based on Viola-Jones and HOG + SVM from UAV Images.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Yongzheng; Yu, Guizhen; Wang, Yunpeng; Wu, Xinkai; Ma, Yalong

    2016-08-19

    A new hybrid vehicle detection scheme which integrates the Viola-Jones (V-J) and linear SVM classifier with HOG feature (HOG + SVM) methods is proposed for vehicle detection from low-altitude unmanned aerial vehicle (UAV) images. As both V-J and HOG + SVM are sensitive to on-road vehicles' in-plane rotation, the proposed scheme first adopts a roadway orientation adjustment method, which rotates each UAV image to align the roads with the horizontal direction so the original V-J or HOG + SVM method can be directly applied to achieve fast detection and high accuracy. To address the issue of descending detection speed for V-J and HOG + SVM, the proposed scheme further develops an adaptive switching strategy which sophistically integrates V-J and HOG + SVM methods based on their different descending trends of detection speed to improve detection efficiency. A comprehensive evaluation shows that the switching strategy, combined with the road orientation adjustment method, can significantly improve the efficiency and effectiveness of the vehicle detection from UAV images. The results also show that the proposed vehicle detection method is competitive compared with other existing vehicle detection methods. Furthermore, since the proposed vehicle detection method can be performed on videos captured from moving UAV platforms without the need of image registration or additional road database, it has great potentials of field applications. Future research will be focusing on expanding the current method for detecting other transportation modes such as buses, trucks, motors, bicycles, and pedestrians.

  9. Smart imaging for power-efficient extraction of Viola-Jones local descriptors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Berni, J.; Carmona-Galán, R. A.; del Río, R.; Leñero-Bardallo, Juan A.; Suárez-Cambre, M.; Rodríguez-Vázquez, Á.

    2014-03-01

    In computer vision, local descriptors permit to summarize relevant visual cues through feature vectors. These vectors constitute inputs for trained classifiers which in turn enable different high-level vision tasks. While local descriptors certainly alleviate the computation load of subsequent processing stages by preventing them from handling raw images, they still have to deal with individual pixels. Feature vector extraction can thus become a major limitation for conventional embedded vision hardware. In this paper, we present a power-efficient sensing processing array conceived to provide the computation of integral images at different scales. These images are intermediate representations that speed up feature extraction. In particular, the mixed-signal array operation is tailored for extraction of Haar-like features. These features feed the cascade of classifiers at the core of the Viola-Jones framework. The processing lattice has been designed for the standard UMC 0.18μm 1P6M CMOS process. In addition to integral image computation, the array can be reprogrammed to deliver other early vision tasks: concurrent rectangular area sum, block-wise HDR imaging, Gaussian pyramids and image pre-warping for subsequent reduced kernel filtering.

  10. Webjornalismo e violações de direitos da cidadania: análise de coberturas sobre trabalho escravo

    OpenAIRE

    Terossi, Karen [UNESP

    2012-01-01

    Esta pesquisa tem como objetivo investigar as representações da cidadania e o modo como são construídas no webjornalismo, com a finalidade de discutir as limitações e potencialidades dessa modalidade de jornalismo na cobertura de um caso específico de violação de direitos. Para isso, realizamos uma análise comparativa de dois webjornais com propostas editoriais distintas: a Folha.com, que é generalista e factual, e a Repórter Brasil, focada no tema do trabalho escravo contemporâneo. O corpus ...

  11. Bioaccumulation of heavy metals by endemic Viola species from the soil in the vicinity of the As-Sb-Tl mine "allchar' Republic of Macedonia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baceva, K; Stafilov, T; Matevski, V

    2014-01-01

    Allchar mine is an abandoned arsenic-antimony-thallium deposit located on the northwestern part of Kozuf Mt., Republic of Macedonia. Allchar is a unique deposit within the world, due to the variety of its mineral composition especially and in the high content of thallium. The aim of this work was to assess the level of contamination at this post-mining area as well as to determine the intensity of accumulation of various elements (Ag, Al, As, Ba, Ca, Cd, Co, Cr, Cu, Fe, Ga, K, Li, Mg, Mn, Mo, Na, Ni, P, Pb, Rb, S, Sb, Sr, Tl, V, and Zn) with focus on As, Sb and Tl, in two endemic Viola species from this locality (Viola allcharensis G. Beck, Viola arsenica G. Beck) and one Balkan endemic species (Viola macedonica Boiss. & Heldr.). Samples of different plant parts and soil were digested and then analysed by ICP-AES. It was found that the accumulation of As, Sb, and Tl in these endemic species is significantly high. In this study a systematic investigation of the As-Sb-Tl contamination of soils and their bioavailability was carried out using the extraction procedure in order to explore the mobility and potential bioavailability of the As, Sb, and Tl.

  12. Physiological effects induced by the hydroalcoholic extract of Violae tricoloris herba (wild pansy aerial parts on Triticum aestivum L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruxandra Cretu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Wild pansy (Viola tricolor hydroalcoholic extract was prepared by extraction of powdered dried – flowering aerial parts with ethanol 70% v/v (1:10, by reflux for two hours. This was diluted with distilled water to give the final concentrations of 0.5, 1.0 and 5% (v/v (VTEx1, VTEx2 and VTEx3. These extracts were tested for their effects on seed germination and seedlings growth of wheat (Triticum aestivum in a laboratory experiment. Distilled water was used as a control (C. After the 10 days of experiment, we evaluated seed germination of wheat and seedlings growth (roots and shoots lengths, their fresh and dry biomass.

  13. Articulating Armenian folk music characteristics in Tigran Mansurian's Havik for viola and percussion (1998), as mediated by the work of Komitas Vardapet

    OpenAIRE

    Burslem, Megan

    2017-01-01

    This thesis examines the characteristics of Armenian folk music and discusses the external factors that have influenced the development of the Armenian folk music tradition. In particular the thesis focuses on the work of Komitas Vardapet, ethnomusicologist, composer and folk music collector, and how his voice recording of the folk song Havik (recorded in 1912) influenced the composition of the same name, by Armenian composer Tigran Mansurian. Havik for viola and percussion (19...

  14. From the Viola to Orpheu magazine: Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso, sensationism and the four hors-textes destined to Orpheu, vol. 3.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta de Almeida Loução Soares

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-7917.2015v20n2p116 Trou de la Serrure Parto da Viola Bon ménage Fraise Avant-garde (Keyhole Viola in Labour Bon ménage Avant-garde strawberry entitles a work of the Portuguese painter Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso. Parto da Viola was painted in Manhufe (the painter’s hometown in the north of Portugal at the same time the Orpheu modernist magazine erupted in Lisbon. Despite the painter’s recurrent integration in the history of the literary magazine (mostly thanks to Almada Negreiros narrative, there are still few comparative efforts focusing on Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso’s works and the artistic framework surrounding Orpheu. The sensationist movement, created by Fernando Pessoa and Mário de Sá-Carneiro, provides several ways of approaching the literary and the artistic works. In this article, I suggest that sinaesthesia allows a rereading of Souza-Cardoso’s oeuvre that strengthens bonds between literature and painting within Orpheu. Following that inderdisciplinary path through the modernist magazine, I will reveal the results of a research that took place in Amadeo de Souza-Cardoso’s estate and provides new important data for the painter’s role within the literary magazine.

  15. Comparison of the antimicrobial effects of semipurified cyclotides from Iranian Viola odorata against some of plant and human pathogenic bacteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zarrabi, M; Dalirfardouei, R; Sepehrizade, Z; Kermanshahi, R K

    2013-08-01

    Cyclotides are mini-proteins that are synthesized via the ribosomal pathway. They have a variety of biological activities such as antimicrobial, antitumour, anti-HIV activities. Because of their various bioactivities and unique stability, they are suitable candidate in drug design applications. The main aim of this study was to determine new antimicrobial agents, which can be used instead of chemical antibiotics. For this reason, we compared the antimicrobial effects of semipurified cyclotides against human and plant pathogenic bacteria. The cyclotides were isolated from the Iranian plant Viola odorata by fractionation methods and semipurified on a SPE-C18 column chromatography. Antimicrobial activities of extracted cyclotides were studied by radial diffusion assays (RDAs), minimal inhibitory concentration (MIC) and minimal bactericidal concentration (MBC). Data analysis showed that MIC of semipurified cyclotides was 1.6 mg ml(-1) against Staphylococcus aureus, gram-positive bacteria. It was also revealed they are the most susceptible among human pathogenic bacteria used in this research. On the other hand, plant pathogenic bacteria are more susceptible than human pathogenic bacteria. The results of the study show that cyclotides from Iranian V. odorata have potent antimicrobial activity against gram-negative, plant pathogenic bacteria. This study is a part of our extended researches on finding new pharmaceutical potentials of plants and on developing new peptides for special purposes in a way that does not have harmful side effects or have the least side effects. © 2013 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

  16. Transcriptome sequencing and differential gene expression analysis in Viola yedoensis Makino (Fam. Violaceae) responsive to cadmium (Cd) pollution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gao, Jian [Key Laboratory of Biology and Genetic Improvement of Maize in Southwest Region, Ministry of Agriculture, Maize Research Institute of Sichuan Agricultural University, Wenjiang, Sichuan (China); Luo, Mao [Drug Discovery Research Center of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou, Sichuan (China); Zhu, Ye; He, Ying; Wang, Qin [Department of Pharmacy of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou, Sichuan (China); Zhang, Chun, E-mail: zc83good@126.com [Department of Pharmacy of Luzhou Medical College, Luzhou, Sichuan (China)

    2015-03-27

    Viola yedoensis Makino is an important Chinese traditional medicine plant adapted to cadmium (Cd) pollution regions. Illumina sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of V. yedoensis Makino. We sequenced Cd-treated (VIYCd) and untreated (VIYCK) samples of V. yedoensis, and obtained 100,410,834 and 83,587,676 high quality reads, respectively. After de novo assembly and quantitative assessment, 109,800 unigenes were finally generated with an average length of 661 bp. We then obtained functional annotations by aligning unigenes with public protein databases including NR, NT, SwissProt, KEGG and COG. In addition, 892 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were investigated between the two libraries of untreated (VIYCK) and Cd-treated (VIYCd) plants. Moreover, 15 randomly selected DEGs were further validated with qRT-PCR and the results were highly accordant with the Solexa analysis. This study firstly generated a successful global analysis of the V. yedoensis transcriptome and it will provide for further studies on gene expression, genomics, and functional genomics in Violaceae. - Highlights: • A de novo assembly generated 109,800 unigenes and 5,4479 of them were annotated. • 31,285 could be classified into 26 COG categories. • 263 biosynthesis pathways were predicted and classified into five categories. • 892 DEGs were detected and 15 of them were validated by qRT-PCR.

  17. Hierarchically structured superhydrophobic flowers with low hysteresis of the wild pansy (Viola tricolor – new design principles for biomimetic materials

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    Anna J. Schulte

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Hierarchically structured flower leaves (petals of many plants are superhydrophobic, but water droplets do not roll-off when the surfaces are tilted. On such surfaces water droplets are in the “Cassie impregnating wetting state”, which is also known as the “petal effect”. By analyzing the petal surfaces of different species, we discovered interesting new wetting characteristics of the surface of the flower of the wild pansy (Viola tricolor. This surface is superhydrophobic with a static contact angle of 169° and very low hysteresis, i.e., the petal effect does not exist and water droplets roll-off as from a lotus (Nelumbo nucifera leaf. However, the surface of the wild pansy petal does not possess the wax crystals of the lotus leaf. Its petals exhibit high cone-shaped cells (average size 40 µm with a high aspect ratio (2.1 and a very fine cuticular folding (width 260 nm on top. The applied water droplets are in the Cassie–Baxter wetting state and roll-off at inclination angles below 5°. Fabricated hydrophobic polymer replicas of the wild pansy were prepared in an easy two-step moulding process and possess the same wetting characteristics as the original flowers. In this work we present a technical surface with a new superhydrophobic, low adhesive surface design, which combines the hierarchical structuring of petals with a wetting behavior similar to that of the lotus leaf.

  18. Transcriptome sequencing and differential gene expression analysis in Viola yedoensis Makino (Fam. Violaceae) responsive to cadmium (Cd) pollution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gao, Jian; Luo, Mao; Zhu, Ye; He, Ying; Wang, Qin; Zhang, Chun

    2015-01-01

    Viola yedoensis Makino is an important Chinese traditional medicine plant adapted to cadmium (Cd) pollution regions. Illumina sequencing technology was used to sequence the transcriptome of V. yedoensis Makino. We sequenced Cd-treated (VIYCd) and untreated (VIYCK) samples of V. yedoensis, and obtained 100,410,834 and 83,587,676 high quality reads, respectively. After de novo assembly and quantitative assessment, 109,800 unigenes were finally generated with an average length of 661 bp. We then obtained functional annotations by aligning unigenes with public protein databases including NR, NT, SwissProt, KEGG and COG. In addition, 892 differentially expressed genes (DEGs) were investigated between the two libraries of untreated (VIYCK) and Cd-treated (VIYCd) plants. Moreover, 15 randomly selected DEGs were further validated with qRT-PCR and the results were highly accordant with the Solexa analysis. This study firstly generated a successful global analysis of the V. yedoensis transcriptome and it will provide for further studies on gene expression, genomics, and functional genomics in Violaceae. - Highlights: • A de novo assembly generated 109,800 unigenes and 5,4479 of them were annotated. • 31,285 could be classified into 26 COG categories. • 263 biosynthesis pathways were predicted and classified into five categories. • 892 DEGs were detected and 15 of them were validated by qRT-PCR

  19. Novel method for localization of common carotid artery transverse section in ultrasound images using modified Viola-Jones detector.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ríha, Kamil; Mašek, Jan; Burget, Radim; Beneš, Radek; Závodná, Eva

    2013-10-01

    This article describes a novel method for highly accurate and effective localization of the transverse section of the carotis comunis artery in ultrasound images. The method has a high success rate, approximately 97%. Unlike analytical methods based on geometric descriptions of the object sought, the method proposed here can cover a large area of shape variation of the artery under study, which normally occurs during examinations as a result of the pressure on the examined tissue, tilt of the probe, setup of the sonographic device, and other factors. This method shows great promise in automating the process of determining circulatory system parameters in the non-invasive clinical diagnostics of cardiovascular diseases. The method employs a Viola-Jones detector that has been specially adapted for efficient detection of transverse sections of the carotid artery. This algorithm is trained on a set of labeled images using the AdaBoost algorithm, Haar-like features and the Matthews coefficient. The training algorithm of the artery detector was modified using evolutionary algorithms. The method for training a cascade of classifiers achieves on a small number of positive and negative training data samples (about 500 images) a high success rate in a computational time that allows implementation of the detector in real time. Testing was performed on images of different patients for whom different ultrasonic instruments were used under different conditions (settings) so that the algorithm developed is applicable in general radiologic practice. 2013 World Federation for Ultrasound in Medicine & Biology. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved

  20. Isolation and Characterization of β-Sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside from the Extract of the Flowers of Viola odorata

    OpenAIRE

    Tania Peshin; H. K. Kar

    2017-01-01

    Isolation from the ethanol extract of the flowers of Viola odorata resulted in the isolation of β-Sitosterol-β-D-glucoside. This compound has not been previously isolated or reported from the flowers of this variety. The isolated β-Sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucosidewas characterized on the basis of spectroscopic techniques viz. infrared and nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy. A tetra acetyl derivative of β-Sitosterol-3-O-β-D-glucoside was synthesized and characterized. On hydrolysis of β-Sitos...

  1. Sistema Socioeducativo Potiguar: um debate sobre violações de direitos de crianças e adolescentes em âmbito internacional

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ilana Lemos Paiva

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available O Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente (ECA, embasado especialmente no processo da Convenção Internacional das Nações Unidas sobre os Direitos da Criança (1989, representou um significativo avanço em relação à proteção dos direitos fundamentais de crianças e adolescentes, e originou mudanças paradigmáticas ao responsabilizar adolescentes em conflito com a lei por meio de medidas socioeducativas. Apesar dos avanços observados, a realidade dos adolescentes que cumprem medidas socioeducativas continua marcada por quadro de violação de direitos. Desse modo, pretende-se analisar as graves e recorrentes violações de direitos humanos a adolescentes em conflito com a lei verificadas no estado do Rio Grande do Norte, como territorialidade específica. Compreende-se que, apesar das limitações, acionar o sistema americano de direitos humanos revela-se uma importante ferramenta. Estatuto da Criança e do Adolescente, Sistema Socioeducativo, sistema americano de direitos humanos

  2. La viola en el ámbito eclesiástico hispano: La orquesta de la capilla de música de la catedral de Santiago de Compostela y el uso de dos violas en la música de Melchor López (1783-1822

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    Garbayo Montabes, F. Javier

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available During the last quarter of the XVIIIth century and the first quarter of the XIXth century, coinciding with the musical mastery of Buono Chiodi (1770-1782 and Melchor López (1783-1822 in the cathedral of Santiago de Compostela, an unusual proliferation of instrumental music took place in the Galician scene, revitalised in the particular case of Santiago by a powerful influence of the new foreign tendencies coming form Italy and the court of Madrid – an even from Paris, London, Lisbon or Porto. In this atmosphere, the Compostelan cathedral orchestra reached an enormous prominence which had never enjoyed previously and rarely achieved in the whole Hispanic area. Whitin the contemporary context – where music produced by ecclesiastic chapels usually built their instrumental groups according to the pattern without viola based on the baroque trio – the introduction and habitual presence of this instrument stands out in the Compostelan orchestral group. Recieving a surprising and unexpected impulse, viola was the object of many efforts, made both by musicians and the Chapter – staff of instruments for the chapel’s musicians, presence of specialized instrumentalists, works both copied and acquired which demanded the participation of two violas, etc. – concluded with its definitive adoption for the daily instrumental practice.

    Durante el último cuarto del siglo XVIII y primero del XIX, coincidiendo con el magisterio musical en la catedral de Santiago de Compostela de Buono Chiodi (1770-1782 y Melchor López (1783-1822, se produjo en el entorno gallego una proliferación inusitada de música instrumental, dinamizada en el caso de Santiago por un pujante influjo de las nuevas corrientes foráneas que llegaban desde Italia y la corte madrileña, e incluso desde París, Londres, Lisboa o Porto. En este ambiente, la orquesta catedralicia compostelana alcanzó un enorme protagonismo, del que anteriormente no había disfrutado y como muy

  3. As respostas comportamentais à violação do contrato psicológico, relação com o clima organizacional

    OpenAIRE

    Silva, Ana Cristina Carreto Lages da

    2009-01-01

    Dissertação de Mestrado apresentada no ISPA – Instituto Universitário para obtenção do grau de Mestre em Psicologia especialidade de Psicologia Educacional. Este trabalho surge com o propósito de analisar o papel mediador do clima organizacional na relação entre a percepção de violação do contrato psicológico e a opção, do trabalhador, por comportamentos de saída, voz, lealdade e negligência. Os resultados obtidos, numa amostra constituída por trabalhadores de uma instituição de e...

  4. Lack of correlation between pollen aperture number and environmental factors in pansies (Viola L., sect. Melanium Ging.) - pollen heteromorphism re-examined.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Słomka, A; Żabicka, J; Shuka, L; Bohdanowicz, J; Kuta, E

    2018-01-13

    The development of different pollen morphs by one specimen - pollen heteromorphism - occurs in ca. one-third species of the genus Viola. Melanium section species (pansies) stand out in producing the widest range of apertures among Viola species. Aperture number decreases with elevation increase, and faster germination of five-aperturate pollen as compared with three-aperturate has previously been postulated. We re-examined pollen heteromorphism in the context of its viability, and made correlations with elevation (>1500 m a.s.l. versus <1500 m a.s.l.), soil type (metalliferous versus non-metalliferous; MET versus NMET) and chromosome number based on selected study criteria of ca. 20% karyologically and morphologically strongly differentiated but genetically closely related pansies. A total of 79% of analysed species were heteromorphic, forming three- to six-colp or ate pollen per individual flower. Mean aperture number and pollen viability were not affected by soil type (MET versus NMET). Mean aperture number was also not influenced by elevation or species chromosome number. Positive correlations were established between aperture number and pollen viability, negative between pollen viability and elevation (increasing altitude of 100 m decreased pollen viability by 0.4%) and lack of correlation between chromosome number and pollen viability. The varied frequencies of different pollen morphs among species are not under the general pressure of ecological conditions, as previously postulated for the species of Melanium section. Rather, this trait in pansies, similar to other floral characters (e.g. long, curved nectar spur, 'landing platform', posterior petals with nectar guides), is adaptive but dependent on the breeding system (inbreeding versus outbreeding) of the individual species. © 2018 German Society for Plant Sciences and The Royal Botanical Society of the Netherlands.

  5. POLÍTICA PÚBLICA CARCERÁRIA:uma institucionalizada violação de direitos fundamentais impulsionada pela criminalização das drogas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Aurélio Souza da Silva

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Consideradas verdadeiras masmorras medievais, as prisões têm servido para depósito de seres humanos que vivem em degradantes condições, violadoras de direitos fundamentais, que vão além da pena imposta pelos delitos cometidos. O problema da caótica situação carcerária brasileira é impulsionado diariamente pelo aprisionamento em massa e pelo controle social decorrente da política pública de repressão às drogas ilícitas. Cotejando o marco teórico da criminologia crítica com os dirietos fundamentais positivados na Constituição Federal de 1988, em seu núcleo dignidade humana, e empregando o método dedutivo, o estudo tem por objetivo evidenciar a institucionalizada violação de direitos fundamentais pela política pública carcerária, por meio de um controle social incidente de modo seletivo sobre os indivíduos pertencentes às classes desfavorecidas ou vulneráveis. A conclusão da pesquisa é a de que não há como negar a omissão do Estado e a conivência das instituições públicas fiscalizadoras na situação que envolve o sistema carcerário, ante a revelação de violação de direitos fundamentais, como tortura, fome, maus-tratos, superlotação, abusos sexuais, morte, entre outros, como forma de controle social das classes vulneráveis.

  6. The nutritional composition and anti-obesity effects of an herbal mixed extract containing Allium fistulosum and Viola mandshurica in high-fat-diet-induced obese mice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sung, Yoon-Young; Kim, Seung-Hyung; Yoo, Byoung Wan; Kim, Ho Kyoung

    2015-10-16

    In traditional oriental medicine, A. fistulosum and V. mandshurica are considered to be effective in promoting blood circulation. Therefore, in this study, we investigated whether a solution containing both A. fistulosum and V. mandshurica (AFE + VME) extracts has synergistic effects on the treatment of hyperlipidemia and obesity. Anti-obesity effects of an herbal extract containing Allium fistulosum and Viola mandshurica (AFE + VME) were investigated in high-fat diet (HFD)-induced obese mice. AFE + VME was orally administrated to mice with the HFD at a dose of 200 mg/kg/day for 8 weeks. We observed the effects of mixed extract on body weight, fat mass, serum lipid levels, and mRNA expression levels of lipid metabolism-related genes in the adipose tissue of mice. The nutritional analysis revealed that this mixed extract is high in carbohydrate (72.2 g/100 g) and protein (11.5 g/100 g); low in fat (1.7 g/100 g); rich in vitamins E (4.8 mg/100 g), B1 (14.8 mg/100 g), B2 (1.0 mg/100 g), niacin (7.9 mg/100 g), and folic acid (1.57 mg/100 g); and rich in minerals such as calcium (600 mg/100 g), iron (106.1 mg/100 g), and zinc (5.8 mg/100 g). The oral administration of AFE + VME in obese mice reduced body weight, tissue weight, adipocyte size, and lipid accumulation in the liver compared with HFD control mice. AFE + VME also decreased serum triglyceride, total cholesterol, and leptin concentrations. Furthermore, AFE + VME markedly increased the mRNA expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-γ (PPAR-γ), uncoupling protein-2 (UCP-2), and adiponectin and decreased leptin expression in the epididymal white adipose tissue. Our results suggest that the extract containing A. fistulosum and V. mandshurica improved lipid metabolism via the up-regulation of PPAR-γ, UCP-2, and adiponectin expression and the down-regulation of leptin in HFD-induced obese mice. Therefore, the extract containing Allium fistulosum and Viola mandshurica may be a

  7. Peptidomics of Circular Cysteine-Rich Plant Peptides: Analysis of the Diversity of Cyclotides from Viola tricolor by Transcriptome and Proteome Mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hellinger, Roland; Koehbach, Johannes; Soltis, Douglas E; Carpenter, Eric J; Wong, Gane Ka-Shu; Gruber, Christian W

    2015-11-06

    Cyclotides are plant-derived mini proteins. They are genetically encoded as precursor proteins that become post-translationally modified to yield circular cystine-knotted molecules. Because of this structural topology cyclotides resist enzymatic degradation in biological fluids, and hence they are considered as promising lead molecules for pharmaceutical applications. Despite ongoing efforts to discover novel cyclotides and analyze their biodiversity, it is not clear how many individual peptides a single plant specimen can express. Therefore, we investigated the transcriptome and cyclotide peptidome of Viola tricolor. Transcriptome mining enabled the characterization of cyclotide precursor architecture and processing sites important for biosynthesis of mature peptides. The cyclotide peptidome was explored by mass spectrometry and bottom-up proteomics using the extracted peptide sequences as queries for database searching. In total 164 cyclotides were discovered by nucleic acid and peptide analysis in V. tricolor. Therefore, violaceous plants at a global scale may be the source to as many as 150 000 individual cyclotides. Encompassing the diversity of V. tricolor as a combinatorial library of bioactive peptides, this commercially available medicinal herb may be a suitable starting point for future bioactivity-guided screening studies.

  8. Involvement of Heme Oxygenase-1 Induction in the Cytoprotective and Immunomodulatory Activities of Viola patrinii in Murine Hippocampal and Microglia Cells

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    Bin Li

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A number of diseases that lead to injury of the central nervous system are caused by oxidative stress and inflammation in the brain. In this study, NNMBS275, consisting of the ethanol extract of Viola patrinii, showed potent antioxidative and anti-inflammatory activity in murine hippocampal HT22 cells and BV2 microglia. NNMBS275 increased cellular resistance to oxidative injury caused by glutamate-induced neurotoxicity and reactive oxygen species generation in HT22 cells. In addition, the anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS275 were demonstrated by the suppression of proinflammatory mediators, including proinflammatory enzymes (inducible nitric oxide synthase and cyclooxygenase-2 and cytokines (tumor necrosis factor-α and interleukin-1β. Furthermore, we found that the neuroprotective and anti-inflammatory effects of NNMBS275 were linked to the upregulation of nuclear transcription factor-E2-related factor 2-dependent expression of heme oxygenase-1 in HT22 and BV2 cells. These results suggest that NNMBS275 possesses therapeutic potential against neurodegenerative diseases that are induced by oxidative stress and neuroinflammation.

  9. Muscle Relaxant and Sedative-Hypnotic Activities of Extract of Viola betonicifolia in Animal Models Supported by Its Isolated Compound, 4-Hydroxy Coumarin

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    Naveed Muhammad

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The crude methanolic extract of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia (VBME was investigated for anxiolytic, muscle relaxant, sleep induction, antidepressant, and sedative activities to ascertain its scientific values. VBME showed a significant (P<0.05 dose dependent anxiolytic action in staircase test. In muscle relaxant paradigms, a dose dependent muscle relaxation was observed. For phenobarbitone sleep induction test, VBME notably (P<0.05 reduced the latency time and increased total sleeping duration. Our tested extract was found free of any antidepressant activity, while the movement was significantly (P<0.05 shortened in locomotor activity. The whole plant of V. betonicifolia led to the isolation of 4-hydroxyl coumarin (4HC which showed substantial safety profile in acute toxicity test. When challenged in Traction and Chimney tests, it showed significant (P<0.05 muscle relaxant effect in both muscle relaxant paradigms at 20 and 30 mg/kg during various assessment times. Nevertheless, 4HC was devoid of sedative and hypnotic potentials. In conclusion, VBME had strong muscle relaxant and sedative-hypnotic properties, while its isolated compound, 4HC, possessed a significant muscle relaxant action with substantial safety profile without sedative-hypnotic effects.

  10. Expression of B-class MADS-box genes in response to variations in photoperiod is associated with chasmogamous and cleistogamous flower development in Viola philippica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Qiaoxia; Huo, Qingdi; Wang, Juan; Zhao, Jing; Sun, Kun; He, Chaoying

    2016-07-07

    Some plants develop a breeding system that produces both chasmogamous (CH) and cleistogamous (CL) flowers. However, the underlying molecular mechanism remains elusive. In the present study, we observed that Viola philippica develops CH flowers with short daylight, whereas an extended photoperiod induces the formation of intermediate CL and CL flowers. In response to long daylight, the respective number and size of petals and stamens was lower and smaller than those of normally developed CH flowers, and a minimum of 14-h light induced complete CL flowers that had no petals but developed two stamens of reduced fertility. The floral ABC model indicates that B-class MADS-box genes largely influence the development of the affected two-whorl floral organs; therefore, we focused on characterizing these genes in V. philippica to understand this particular developmental transition. Three such genes were isolated and respectively designated as VpTM6-1, VpTM6-2, and VpPI. These were differentially expressed during floral development (particularly in petals and stamens) and the highest level of expression was observed in CH flowers; significantly low levels were detected in intermediate CL flowers, and the lowest level in CL flowers. The observed variations in the levels of expression after floral induction and organogenesis apparently occurred in response to variations in photoperiod. Therefore, inhibition of the development of petals and stamens might be due to the downregulation of B-class MADS-box gene expression by long daylight, thereby inducing the generation of CL flowers. Our work contributes to the understanding of the adaptive evolutionary formation of dimorphic flowers in plants.

  11. A Violação da Condição em Kadiwéu Condition C Violation in Kadiwéu

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    Filomena SANDALO

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Apesar de o kadiwéu apresentar as mesmas características tipológicas das línguas analisadas por Baker (1995, este trabalho mostra que o parâmetro da polissíntese proposto por Baker, de acordo com o qual as línguas polissintéticas seriam línguas de argumentos pronominais, não se sustenta para esta língua. Este artigo oferece, então, uma análise alternativa à teoria dos argumentos pronominais para o kadiwéu sustentando que sintagmas nominais são argumentos verbais nesta língua polissintética, como em qualquer outra língua melhor conhecida. Nesta perspectiva, uma das característica principais das línguas polissintéticas, a suposta violação da Condição C (e.g. i quer que João i ame Maria, i quebrou a faca do João i, deriva de movimento sintático decorrente da natureza do sistema-v do kadiwéu. Este texto, assim, questiona a existência de um parâmetro da polissíntese e desenvolve um insight de Fukui & Speas (1996 que prevê que a sintaxe de uma dada língua decorre das categorias funcionais presentes no léxico desta língua.Although kadiwéu presents the same typological facts as the languages analyzed by Baker (1995, this work shows that Baker's polysynthesis parameter , according to which polysynthetic languages are pronominal argument languages, cannot be applied to this language. This paper offers, then, an alternative analysis to the pronominal argument theory for kadiwéu by arguing that nominal phrases are the verbal arguments in this polysynthetic language, like in any other better known language. On this view, one of the main properties of the polysynthetic languages, the so-called Condition C violation (e.g. i wants John i to love Mary, i broke John i's knife, follows from syntactic movement due to the nature of the Kadiwéu v-system. That is, this paper questions the existence of a polysynthesis parameter and develops Fukui & Speas (1996 insight that the syntax of a given language follows from the

  12. Violações de direitos humanos, lei e memória coletiva Human rights violations, law and collective memory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joachim J. Savelsberg

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Respostas institucionais a violações maciças dos direitos humanos e do direito humanitário podem afetar os registros de direitos humanos futuros, pois, entre outras implicações, contribuem para aviventar a memória coletiva referente aos capítulos sombrios da história de uma nação. Este artigo explora, primeiramente, as idéias teóricas concernentes ao impacto que respostas legais podem ter sobre a memória coletiva e o trauma cultural. Em seguida, procede a um exame das formas de mensuração empírica dos efeitos de processos jurídicos sobre a memória coletiva, discriminando sistematicamente os passos seguidos em estudos recentes acerca da memória coletiva de atrocidades, tomando como exemplos as guerras do Vietnã e dos Bálcãs enquanto reportadas pelo New York Times e em livros de história dos Estados Unidos. Alguns dos resultados desses estudos são relatados, indicando os efeitos condicionais e seletivos de processos criminais incidentes sobre a memória coletiva. Por fim, são elaboradas conclusões visando a pesquisas futuras na América Latina e alhures.Institutional responses to gross violations of human rights and humanitarian law may affect future human rights records, partly by contributing to the collective memory of the dark chapters in a nation's history. This article begins with an exploration of various theoretical ideas concerning the impact of legal responses on collective memory and cultural trauma. It examines ways of empirically measuring the effects of law trials on collective memory, systematically analyzing the procedures adopted in recent studies into the collective memory of atrocities. Here it takes as examples the Vietnam and Balkan wars as reported in the New York Times and described in textbooks on the History of the United States. Some of the findings from these studies are explored, indicating the conditional and selective effects of criminal trials on collective memory. Finally, the article

  13. Viola Caipira na Universidade: Uma representação schopenhaueriana ou a possibilidade de uma análise sócio-política e estética no universo caipira?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sidnei de Oliveira

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available om o ingresso da Viola Caipira na universidade, a possibilidade de um diálogo com a academia pode ser recebida como um período de análises produtivas neste universo. Entretanto, se o diálogo for conduzido apenas pelo viés acadêmico, esquecendo a essência e a história que este instrumento possui na cultura caipira, tal caminho corre um risco antagônico, isto é, a desconstrução da cultura e a representação desta mesma cultura por um viés de publicações acadêmicas. Afirmar a Viola Caipira em seu atual momento como instrumento ainda imerso em seus primórdios, ou seja, no campo, na roça, na vida do caipira, em festejos populares, como se tais manifestações ainda tivessem o mesmo sentido sociológico e filosófico, é o primeiro passo para que sua história seja eternizada como uma simples ferramenta de trabalhos acadêmicos. Este artigo tem como objetivo realizar uma crítica sobre a posição tomada por aqueles que sustentam a ideia de uma cultura da Viola Caipira, do Caipira e do Violeiro ainda imergido na essência desta mesma cultura, a saber, sem o reflexo da cultura do mercado fonográfico como primeiro passo para a representação do que seria esta cultura. Para realizar esta crítica utilizarei alguns nomes, por exemplo: Arthur Schopenhauer e sua obra Über die Universitäts-Philosophie (Sobre a Filosofia Universitária, Friedrich Nietzsche e sua primeira obra publicada Die Geburt der Tragödie (O nascimento da tragédia, entre outros textos clássicos do filósofo Theodor Adorno e do historiador Mário de Andrade. As obras destes quatro nomes têm em comum, além da originalidade, temas relacionados à cultura e à arte, assim como à cultura de mercado, à essência, às críticas à academia, entre outros.

  14. A violação do direito à memória e à verdade e seus efeitos na formação identitária brasileira: o legado da ditadura na presentificação do passado

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Gabriella Barbosa

    2015-01-01

    Este trabalho tem por objetivo a análise da violação do direito fundamental à memória, à verdade e à identidade como obstáculo para a efetivação da Justiça de Transição no processo de (re)democratização/liberalização brasileira. Para tanto analisaremos a presentificação do passado ditatorial civil-militar, instaurado em 1964, nas violações de direitos humanos praticadas no Brasil contemporâneo, legatário de uma historiografia oficiosa que confiscou as narrativas plurais, as verdades e memória...

  15. Approach to the study of flavone di-C-glycosides by high performance liquid chromatography-tandem ion trap mass spectrometry and its application to characterization of flavonoid composition in Viola yedoensis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cao, Jie; Yin, Chengle; Qin, Yan; Cheng, Zhihong; Chen, Daofeng

    2014-10-01

    The mass spectrometric (MS) analysis of flavone di-C-glycosides has been a difficult task due to pure standards being unavailable commercially and to that the reported relative intensities of some diagnostic ions varied with MS instruments. In this study, five flavone di-C-glycoside standards from Viola yedoensis have been systematically studied by high performance liquid chromatography-electrospray ionization-tandem ion trap mass spectrometry (HPLC-ESI-IT-MS(n)) in the negative ion mode to analyze their fragmentation patterns. A new MS(2) and MS(3) hierarchical fragmentation for the identification of the sugar nature (hexoses or pentoses) at C-6 and C-8 is presented based on previously established rules of fragmentation. Here, for the first time, we report that the MS(2) and MS(3) structure-diagnostic fragments about the glycosylation types and positions are highly dependent on the configuration of the sugars at C-6 and C-8. The base peak ((0,2) X1 (0,2) X(2)(-) ion) in MS(3) spectra of di-C-glycosides could be used as a diagnostic ion for flavone aglycones. These newly proposed fragmentation behaviors have been successfully applied to the characterization of flavone di-C-glycosides found in V. yedoensis. A total of 35 flavonoid glycosides, including 1 flavone mono-C-hexoside, 2 flavone 6,8-di-C-hexosides, 11 flavone 6,8-di-C-pentosides, 13 flavone 6,8-C-hexosyl-C-pentosides, 5 acetylated flavone C-glycosides and 3 flavonol O-glycosides, were identified or tentatively identified on the base of their UV profiles, MS and MS(n) (n = 5) data, or by comparing with reference substances. Among these, the acetylated flavone C-glycosides were reported from V. yedoensis for the first time. Copyright © 2014 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Six Downie Nocturnes - for viola and piano

    OpenAIRE

    Lancaster, David

    2013-01-01

    This music comprises three pairs of highly contrasted miniatures; I have separated each movement from its ‘companion’ in order to explore possible relationships between the different pairs (in spite of the stark contrasts between them) and to fracture the natural continuity of the music.\\ud \\ud The outer pieces are a sustained chorale, plaintive and largely undecorated. The second and fourth Nocturnes are a small tribute to Elliott Carter who had died while I was at work on this commission. W...

  17. Kohalikud omavalitsused ja riiklikud investeeringud / Viola Soiver

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soiver, Viola, 1977-

    2004-01-01

    2002. a. detsembrist 2003. a. jaanuarini kohaliku demokraatia indikaatori uuringust, milles kohalike omavalitsuste tippjuhid pidid andma hinnangu riikliku investeeringute programmi (RPI) uue määrusega toimunud muudatuste kohta. Tabelid. Diagrammid

  18. Compreensão de Discurso Não Literal: O Caso de Violações das Máximas de Quantidade e de Solicitações Indiretas Comprehension of Nonliteral Discourse: The Case of Violations of Maxims of Quantiti and Indirect Request

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maud Champagne

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Para entendermos um ato de fala não literal devemos ser capazes de diferenciar entre o que o interlocutor fala do que deseja dizer usando informações contextualmente relevantes. O objetivo deste estudo é determinar se existe uma hierarquia de complexidade que perpassa os vários atos de falas não literais, tais como: violações da máxima de relação, violações da máxima de quantidade, solicitações indiretas e afirmativas irônicas. A análise do tempo de leitura de frases alvo (56 literais e 56 não literais de histórias indica a existência de diferenças no processamento de alguns dos atos de falas não literais para compreensão. Mais precisamente, solicitações indiretas parecem ser processadas diferentemente nos três outros tipos de atos de discurso e os sujeitos parecem não perceber violações das máximas de quantidade como atos de fala não literais.To understand a nonliteral speech act, we must be able to differentiate what the speaker says from what he wants to say using the contextually relevant information. The aim of this study is to determine whether there exists a hierarchy of complexity across various nonliteral speech acts such as: violations of the maxim of relation, violations of the maxim of quantity, indirect requests and ironic statements. The analysis of reading time of the target sentences (56 literal and 56 nonliteral of the stories indicates some differences in the processing of some nonliteral speech acts for comprehension. More precisely, indirect requests appear to be processed differently from the three other types of speech acts and subjects appear not to perceive violations of the maxims of quantity as nonliteral speech acts.

  19. Graves violações de direitos humanos e desigualdade no município de São Paulo Graves violaciones de derechos humanos y desigualdad en el município de São Paulo (Sureste de Brasil Gross violation of human rights and inequality in city of São Paulo, Southeastern Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caren Ruotti

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Analisar o perfil de graves violações de direitos humanos e sua associação com aspectos socioeconômicos e demográficos. MÉTODOS: Estudo ecológico, de corte transversal, tendo como unidade de análise os 96 distritos censitários do município de São Paulo (SP para o ano de 2000. Foi utilizado o banco de dados sobre graves violações de direitos humanos, do Núcleo de Estudos da Violência da Universidade de São Paulo, que contém informações sobre todos os casos de execuções sumárias, linchamento e violência policial noticiados na imprensa escrita. Dados socioeconômicos e demográficos foram obtidos do Censo 2000 da Fundação Instituto Brasileiro de Geografia e Estatística. Foi testada a associação entre a variável dependente - graves violações de direitos humanos (composta pelo número de vítimas de violência policial, linchamentos e execuções sumárias - e variáveis socioeconômicas e demográficas por meio do teste de correlação de Spearman. RESULTADOS: As correlações entre as violações de direitos e os indicadores socioeconômicos e demográficos foram estatisticamente significantes, exceto em relação à taxa de urbanização e relação de leito hospitalar por 1000 habitantes. As correlações mais fortes foram encontradas entre graves violações de direitos e tamanho população residente (r=0,693, proporção de jovens de 15 a 24 anos na população (r=0,621 e proporção de chefes de família sem instrução ou com até três anos de escolaridade (r=0,590. CONCLUSÕES: Graves violações de direitos humanos atingem mais incisivamente a população que apresenta piores condições de vida. Desse modo, perpetua-se um quadro em que a desigualdade na efetivação dos direitos sociais e econômicos se sobrepõe diretamente à violação dos direitos civis, intensificando um ciclo de violência.OBJETIVO: Analizar el perfil de graves violaciones de derechos humanos y su asociación con aspectos

  20. O Tribunal para a antiga Iugoslávia na formação da norma da responsabilidade individual por graves violações de direitos humanos: tensões entre direitos humanos e princípios penais liberais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renata Reverendo Vidal Kawano Nagamine

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: Neste artigo pretendeu-se analisar como o Tribunal Penal Internacional para a antiga Iugoslávia concorreu para consagrar uma concepção de justiça global que toma o direito internacional penal como coextensivo aos direitos humanos. Nele, parte-se de um estudo da cientista política Kathryn Sikkink sobre a formação da norma da responsabilidade criminal individual por graves violações de direitos humanos para explorar as tensões entre princípios penais e normas de direitos humanos naquele que foi o primeiro tribunal penal internacional desde o Tribunal de Nuremberg. Para tanto, analisam-se as primeiras decisões do Tribunal para a antiga Iugoslávia, tomadas entre os anos 1995 e 2000, com foco nas formulações sobre crimes contra a humanidade e legalidade pelos juízes de primeira e segunda instâncias do Tribunal. Palavras-chave: Direitos humanos. Jurisdição internacional penal. Crimes contra a humanidade. Legalidade.

  1. Distribuição volumétrica e diâmetro de gotas de pontas de pulverização de energia hidráulica para controle de corda-de-viola Volumetric distribution and droplet size of hydraulic spraying nozzles for the control of scarlet morningglory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C Ferreira

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available As pontas de pulverização são responsáveis pela formação das gotas, e cada ponta apresenta características próprias relacionadas ao espectro de gotas e perfil de deposição, específicas para determinados alvos. Este trabalho teve o objetivo de caracterizar o diâmetro e a uniformidade das gotas e o perfil de distribuição volumétrica das pontas de pulverização AI 110015 e TTI 110015, bem como seu efeito sobre a mortalidade de corda-de-viola, com herbicida pré-emergente, associado ou não a adjuvantes. Avaliou-se o número de plantas emergidas e os pesos secos da parte aérea e radicular das plantas. Os perfis de distribuição volumétrica para a altura de 40 cm foram avaliados em mesa de deposição. A partir dos perfis de distribuição, simulou-se o padrão de deposição ao longo da barra de pulverização. O espectro do diâmetro de gotas foi determinado em analisador de tamanho de partículas por difração de luz laser . O herbicida diuron + hexazinona foi eficiente no controle em préemergência de corda-de-viola, podendo ser utilizado polimetil siloxano organomodificado ou óleo mineral como adjuvantes, associados às pontas de pulverização AI 110015 ou TTI 110015. O uso de adjuvantes proporcionou aumento no diâmetro mediano volumétrico e redução na porcentagem de gotas com diâmetro inferior a 100 µm. O espaçamento sugerido entre os bicos na barra de pulverização foi de 70 cm para o modelo AI 110015 e 80 cm para o modelo TTI 110015.Nozzles are responsible for the formation of drops, with each side presenting its own characteristics related to droplet deposition spectrum and profile specific to certain targets. This study aimed to characterize the diameter and uniformity of the droplets and volumetric distribution profile of nozzles AI 110015 and 110015 TTI, as well as their effect on the mortality of scarlet morningglory, using pre-emergent herbicide, alone or combined with adjuvants. The number of emerging

  2. O direito e suas violações no capitalismo globalizado e seus desdobramentos para democracia e a cidadania (The right and violations in capitalism anda developments globalized its for democracy and citizenship Doi: 10.5212/Emancipacao.v.14i2.0001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosilene Marques Sobrinho de França

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Normal 0 21 false false false PT-BR X-NONE X-NONE MicrosoftInternetExplorer4 Resumo: Fazendo uma abordagem da temática como contraface de uma mesma moeda: o direito e a sua negação, o artigo com o tema “O direito e suas violações no capitalismo globalizado” examina como os conteúdos do direito e seus contextos violadores se apresentam junto aos indivíduos na sua relação com o Estado e o com o mercado no capitalismo globalizado. Com base em estudo bibliográfico e documental, faz uma abordagem descritiva e analítica fundamentada nas categorias liberdade, participação, discursividade e dialogicidade presentes no pensamento arendtiano - construídos nos espaços de aparência e comum – e habermasiano - no mundo da vida, na sociedade civil e na esfera pública, como pressupostos necessários à legitimidade democrática. Tomando-se como referência a realidade social de crianças e adolescentes, o texto mostra que, na atual fase do capitalismo, as violações aos direitos formam conteúdos e contextos que perpassam uma relação entre o público e o privado, o local e o global o que remete à necessidade do fortalecimento dos mecanismos comunicativos, participativos e dialógicos com vistas à manutenção de um fluxo de circulação de poder, capaz de coadunar-se com os conteúdos da democracia e da cidadania que fundamenta este modelo de Estado e de sociedade. Palavras-chave: Estado capitalista, Globalização, Direito e Cidadania. Abstract: Taking a thematic approach as counterface of the same coin: the law and its denial, the article with the theme “The law and its violations in globalized capitalism” examines how the contents of law violators and their contexts are presented together with the individuals in their relationship with the state and the market in globalized capitalism. Based on bibliographic and documentary is a *descriptive and

  3. First observation of the parity violaing asymmetry in moller scattering

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Younus, Imran [Syracuse Univ., NY (United States)

    2003-11-01

    This thesis reports on the E158 experiment at Stanford Linear Accelerator Center (SLAC), which has made the first observation of the parity non-conserving asymmetry in Moller scattering. Longitudinally polarized 48 GeV electrons are scattered off unpolarized (atomic) electrons in a liquid hydrogen target with an average Q2 of 0.027 GeV2. The asymmetry in this process is proportional to ( 1 4 ₋ sin2 θW), where sin2 =W gives the weak mixing angle. The thesis describes the experiment in detail, with a particular focus on the design and construction of the electromagnetic calorimeter. This calorimeter was the primary detector in the experiment used to measure the flux of the scattered Moller electrons and eP electrons. It employed the quartz fiber calorimetry technique, and was built at Syracuse University. The preliminary results from the first experimental data taken in spring 2002 give APV = ₋151.9±29.0(stat)±32.5(syst) parts per billion. This in turn gives sin2θW = 0.

  4. The Usability of Erzurum Folk Songs in Viola Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parasiz, Gökalp; Kervancioglu, M. Hanifi

    2017-01-01

    Present study is a descriptive and applied study from different sides. It was aimed to make the applications prepared for the usability of Erzurum's folk songs available in music and instrument education. First literature review was conducted and totally 240 folk songs were determined to belong to Erzurum province. Among the songs determined,…

  5. O erro médico e a violação às normas e prescrições em saúde: uma discussão teórica na área de segurança do paciente Medical errors and violation of rules and standards in health: a theoretical discussion in the area of patient safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nadia Bomfim do Nascimento

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Em 1999, o relatório do Instituto de Medicina (IOM, ao apontar que há significativa ocorrência de eventos adversos e que mais da metade dessas ocorrências eram ocasionadas por erro médico, suscitou inúmeras ações e pesquisas na área de Segurança do Paciente. As infecções relacionadas à assistência à saúde (IRAS, um dos problemas enfrentados na área, é alvo de pesquisas que intentam criar procedimentos e estratégias no sentido de prevenir tais eventos. A higienização de mãos, por ser a medida mais simples no controle das IRAS e, paradoxalmente, a que possui mais baixo índice de adesão entre os médicos, é alvo de inúmeros programas e campanhas. A necessidade de reversão do quadro apontado tem gerado extensa literatura que, entre outros, identifica barreiras e fatores de risco para a baixa adesão a normas e procedimentos de higienização de mãos, como também busca compreender os aspectos comportamentais envolvidos. Este artigo apresenta alguns modelos teóricos explicativos voltados para a compreensão da dinâmica comportamental que envolve a consecução do erro e da violação e realiza uma análise com possibilidades à depreensão do processo. Por fim, considera-se que os modelos explicativos apresentados, conjuntamente, trazem contribuições passíveis de aplicação na prática e que a identificação e compreensão dos mecanismos de defesa coletivos levariam aos fatores que se encontram em jogo na baixa adesão aos procedimentos de higienização de mãos por parte dos médicos, a despeito das evidências existentes.In 1999, the report by the Institute of Medicine (IOM, pointed that there are significant adverse events and that more than half of these occurrences were caused by medical errors, provoking numerous actions and research on Patient Safety. Infections related to health care (IRAS, one of the problems faced in the area, are the subject of research that attempt to create procedures and strategies to

  6. (1983-1984) Proposals to reject the names Viola montana and V. persicifolia (Violaceae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    van den Hof, K.; Danihelka, Jiří; Marcussen, T.; Jonsell, B.; van den Berg, R. G.; Gravendeel, B.

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 59, č. 6 (2010), s. 1900-1902 ISSN 0040-0262 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : nomenclature * taxonomy * history of botany Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.364, year: 2010

  7. Recipients and substrate for germination and growth of chrysanthemum and “Viola x wittrockiana” plants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    kelli pirola

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate the substrate effect and recipient size on the germination and initial growth of chrysanthemum and perfect-love ornamental plants. The works was carried out in the Horticulture Nursery from UTFPR - Campus Dois Vizinhos - Paraná State, Brazil. The experimental design was in blocks randomized, in factorial 3 x 4 (recipient size x substrate, with four replications, considering 4 recipients by plot. It was used as recipients, small, medium and king container and as substrate the Plantmax® and the mixture Red Latosoil + Sand + Poultry Litter 1 (1:1:1 v/v, Red Latosoil + Sand + Poultry Litter 2 (1:1:1 v/v and Red Latosoil + Sand + Poultry Litter 1 + Poultry Litter 2 (1:1:1:1 v/v. The Poultry Litter 1 and 2 had wood shavings and sawdust as different ingredients, respectively. The germination (%, total lenght plants(cm, roots length(cm, height(cm, leaf number and plants dry mass matter(g, were evaluate 63 days after experiment installation. For germination and early development of perfect-love the best container was small with a mixture the red latosoil + sand + Poultry Litter 1 + Poultry Litter 2 (1:1:1:1 v/v. For Chrysanthemum, besides to this container and mixing, the mixtures were also important Red Latosoil + sand + Poultry Litter 1 (1:1:1 v/v e Red Latosoil + sand + Poultry Litter 2 (1:1:1 v/v.

  8. The influence of biohydrohumus on growth and development of garden pansy (Viola x wittrockiana Gams.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Żurawik

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available In the years 2007–2008, experiments were conducted with four cultivars of garden pansy grown in pots, in media prepared as mixtures of wet shrimp waste (BioHydroHumus and sphagnum peat at the following volumetric ratios: 2% BioHydroHumus + 98% sphagnum peat, 5% BioHydroHumus + 95% sphagnum peat, 10% BioHydroHumus + 90% sphagnum peat. The Osmocote Exact 5–6 M (15:8:10:3MgO + microelements fertilizer at the rates of 2.5 and 5.0 g × dm-3 was added to each medium. Sphagnum peat with addition of 5.0 g × dm-3 Osmocote Exact 5–6 M was used as control medium. It was found that BioHydroHumus can be a source of macroelements in the cultivation of garden pansy. It is characterized by alkaline reaction and high total soluble salts. BioHydroHumus used as a component of media affects the quality of cultivated plants. The best results were obtained when BioHydroHumus was used at the rates of 2 and 5%, even if the rate of fertilizer were twice smaller than in control medium. At full flowering, plants grown in medium containing 5% BioHydroHumus were the most branched. Garden pansies cultivated in medium containing 10% BioHydroHumus were characterized by a smaller number of leaves. Plants grown in media with addition of 2 and 5% BioHydroHumus flowered more abundantly in comparison with garden pansies cultivated in medium containing 10% BioHydroHumus, regardless of the rate of fertilizer. However, an ambiguous influence of BioHydroHumus on height and diameter of garden pansy cultivars was found.

  9. Fungal endophytes associated with Viola odorata Linn. as bioresource for pancreatic lipase inhibitors

    OpenAIRE

    Katoch, M.; Paul, A.; Singh, G.; Sridhar, S. N. C.

    2017-01-01

    Background As per the recent statistical reports of World Health Organisation (WHO), 13% of total global population is obese. Orlistat remains to be the only drug approved for the long term treatment of obesity. Recent findings highlighted severe adverse effects of orlistat that included hepatotoxicity, gall stones, kidney stones and acute pancreatitis. Therefore, search for new drug is required. The investigations based on endophytic natural products would prove pivotal in the global fight a...

  10. Ploidy identification of doubled chromosome number plants in Viola x wittrockiana Gams. M1-generation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Ajalin, I.; Kobza, F.; Doležel, Jaroslav

    2002-01-01

    Roč. 29, č. 1 (2002), s. 35-40 ISSN 1416-6445 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA6038204; GA AV ČR IBS5038104 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z5038910 Keywords : flow cytometry * polyploidisation * colchicine Subject RIV: EB - Genetics ; Molecular Biology

  11. Viola elatior, V. pumila and V. stagnina in Austria, Czechia and Slovakia: a story of decline

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Danihelka, Jiří; Niklfeld, H.; Šípošová, H.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 81, č. 2 (2009), s. 151-171 ISSN 0032-7786 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : changes in frequency * conservation * herbarium Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 2.638, year: 2009 http://www.ibot.cas.cz/preslia/P092Danihelka.pdf

  12. Turvalist tulevikku kujundame muutustega kaasas käies ja põhiväärtuste eest seistes / Viola Murd

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Murd, Viola, 1972-

    2012-01-01

    8. mail 2012. a. toimus Pärnu Kontserdimajas Päästeameti 20. aastapäevale pühendatud konverents "Turvaline tulevik". Ettekannetega esinesid Heido Vitsur, Rein Ahas, Aleksander Pulver, Daniel Vaarik jt.

  13. Transnacionalidade dos princípios da não-violação de privacidade na internet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachel Benedelli

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo esclareceralguns mitos em relação à internet, principalmentesobre que não se poderia ter uma regulamentaçãodo Estado e que haveria liberdade absoluta nesseespaço. Então, como conseqüência desses mitos,a internet poderia ser usada de maneira indevida,causando uma aparente desordem nessa rede, comoa vulneração à intimidade, que leva à ofensa à honrados indivíduos. No entanto, é apresentado, aqui,que o ciberespaço tem mais regulamentos do quese supunha, haja vista que os princípios discutidosestão presentes na maioria dos EstadosDemocráticos de Direito.This article has as objective to clarifysome myths in relation to the internet, mainly onthat if it could not have a regulation of the Stateand that would have absolute freedom in thisspace. Then, as consequence of this myth, theInternet is used in improper way, causing anapparent clutter in this net, as the vulneração tothe privacy, that it leads to the offence to thehonor of the individuals. However, it is presented,here, that net has more regulations of what wasassumed, it has seen that the principles arguedhere are gifts in the majority of the DemocraticStates of Right.

  14. Inferring species networks from gene trees in high-polyploid North American and Hawaiian violets (Viola, Violaceae)

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Marcussen, T.; Jakobsen, K. S.; Danihelka, Jiří; Ballard, H. E.; Blaxland, K.; Brysting, A. K.; Oxelman, B.

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 61, č. 1 (2012), s. 107-126 ISSN 1063-5157 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Institutional support: RVO:67985939 Keywords : allopolyploidy * BEAST * homoeolog loss Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 12.169, year: 2012

  15. Clasificación del reflejo óculo-cardiaco por la desviación centesimal de viola

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Rubén Paz B.

    1947-09-01

    Full Text Available Desde mucho tiempo antes, habían notado los observadores, las modificaciones reflejas de las funciones vegetativas causadas por la excitación de algún nervio sensitivo y aun habían deducido de esta observación, aplicaciones prácticas, como la cura operatoria de las lesiones nasales en el tratamiento de algunos casas de asma (W. Hack a explicaciones patogénicas, como la atribución del sincope del principio de la anestesia por inhalación a la brusca irritación de las terminaciones sensitivas de la pituitaria (Knoll y Kratschmer.

  16. Laranja Mecânica: violência ou violação? Clockwork Orange: violence or violation?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulo Menezes

    1997-10-01

    Full Text Available O artigo investiga o filme Laranja Mecânica de Stanley Kubrick, realizado em 1971. Ao contrário das análises tradicionais, que buscam ver nesse filme um libelo contra a violência - ou, curiosamente, uma apologia desta mesma violência -, propõe-se uma interpretação que caminha em direção dos fundamentos visuais que constroem no espectador essa percepção de "violência", ressaltando-se aí primordialmente os valores que são colocados em questão pelas imagens que o filme nos mostra. Propõe-se, portanto, um redirecionamento analítico de um filme muito visto e discutido, explicitando-se outros elementos em jogo, bem como a maneira pelas quais esses elementos são expostos aos olhos do público, construindo-se, então, uma nova dimensão de significados inesperadosThe article analyzes the film Clockwork Orange by Stanley Kubrick, made in 1971. In opposition to the traditional analyses which try to see this film as a libel against violence - or curiously, an apology for this same violence -, the purpose here is to give an interpretation which follows the visual fundaments that render the spectator this perception of "violence", emphasizing there mainly the values put into evidence by the images the film shows us. Consequently an analytical redirectioning of well-watched and discussed film is suggested, and other fundamental elements are brought to light as well as the manner by which these elements are exposed to the audience, in order to build up a new dimension of unexpected meanings.

  17. Effects of compost media on growth and flowering of parviflorous garden pansy (Viola x wittrockiana Gams.. Part I. Plant growth and conformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Zawadzińska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the studies was to determine the effects of media with composts, based on sewage sludge and potato pulp, on the growth and conformation of the cultivar 'Butterfl y Yellow with Blotch'. In the experiment 14 potting media, including 12 media made of 4 composts, were tested. The percentage of compost mixed with sphagnum peat was 25%, 50% and 75%. The components of particular composts were as follows: I - municipal sewage sludge 70% and straw 30%; II - municipal sewage sludge 70% and sawdust 30%; III - municipal sewage sludge 35%, potato pulp 35% and straw 30%; IV - municipal sewage sludge 35%, potato pulp 35% and sawdust 30%. Two control potting media were used: 1 - sphagnum peat with Osmocote Exact Lo-Start at the dose 5 g×dm-3, and 2 - sphagnum peat with Azofoska at the dose 2.5 g×dm-3. There was no top-dressing during cultivation. The potting media used for pansy cultivation were rich in essential nutrients and in certain media macroelement content exceeded the limits recommended for the species with great nutrient requirements. The effects of the media on the growth, conformation and foliage of pansies depended on compost composition and its pecentage in a medium. The composts used for the media were found to be suitable for pansy cultivation. Despite smaller leaf rosettes in comparison with control plants, the pansies from compost media grew well and showed no disease symptoms.

  18. Effects of compost media on growth and flowering of parviflorous garden pansy (Viola x wittrockiana Gams.. Part II. Plant flowering and decorative value

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Zawadzińska

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the studies was to determine the effects of media containing composts from sewage sludge and potato pulp on the flowering and decorative value of 'Butterfly Yellow with Blotch' parviflorous pansy. In the experiment 14 potting media, including 12 media made of 4 composts, were tested. The percentage of compost mixed with sphagnum peat was 25%, 50% and 75%. The components of particular composts were as follows: I - municipal sewage sludge 70% and straw 30%; II - municipal sewage sludge 70% and sawdust 30%; III - municipal sewage sludge 35%, potato pulp 35% and straw 30%; IV - municipal sewage sludge 35%, potato pulp 35% and sawdust 30%. Two control potting media were used: 1 - sphagnum peat with Osmocote Exact Lo-Start at the dose 5 g×dm-3 and 2 - sphagnum peat with Azofoska at the dose 2.5 g×dm-3. There was no top-dressing during cultivation. The pansies for whose cultivation a slow-release fertiliser was used turned out to have most flowers, but the plants cultivated in compost with peat at the ratio 1:1 had equally abundant flowering. At the generative stage, the pansies in control media were the most decorative and those growing in 25% of compost I, 75% of compost II and 50% of compost III and IV. On the basis of plant valuation scale, quality assessment and the abundance of flowering it was found that the media containing 50% of composts were optimal for pansy cultivation.

  19. Direito sucessório: violação ao princípio da igualdade na união estável

    OpenAIRE

    Andrade, Ketlyn Barbosa de

    2013-01-01

    O objetivo da pesquisa é a apresentar uma análise do direito sucessório na entidade familiar da união estável. É essencial mostrar ao sob um aspecto jurídico as injustiças existentes na legislação pertinente à sucessão do companheiro, indicando a falta de adequação das normas a realidade social, pois as normas existentes não se adéquam a mudança de valores, realidade cultural e praticas reiteradas pela sociedade, ocasionando assim uma diferenciação de tratamento das famílias ...

  20. The Effect of Viola odorata Flower Syrup on the Cough of Children With Asthma: A Double-Blind, Randomized Controlled Trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasemzadeh, Mohammad Javad; Sharifi, Hosein; Hamedanian, Mohammad; Gharehbeglou, Mohammad; Heydari, Mojtaba; Sardari, Mehdi; Akhlaghdoust, Meisam; Minae, Mohammad Bagher

    2015-10-01

    This study aimed to investigate the effect of violet syrup on cough alleviation in children with intermittent asthma. In a parallel, double-blind, randomized controlled trial, 182 children aged 2 to 12 years with intermittent asthma were randomly assigned 1:1 to receive violet syrup or placebo along with the common standard treatments in both groups (short-acting β-agonist). Both groups were evaluated in terms of the duration until cough suppression was achieved. No significant difference was observed in basic characteristics. The duration lasting to yield more than 50% cough reduction and 100% cough suppression was significantly less in the violet syrup group compared to placebo (P = .001, P syrup. This study showed that the adjuvant use of violet syrup with short-acting β-agonist can enhance the cough suppression in children with intermittent asthma. © The Author(s) 2015.

  1. O processo de digitação para violão da Ciaccona BWV 1004 de Johann Sebastian Bach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alisson Alípio

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The present article deals with the process of elaborating guitar fingerings for Johann Sebastian Bach’s Ciaccona BWV 1004 (original for violin. The aim was to develop a left-hand fingering capable of reflecting the musical intentions of the performers and authors of this article. To this end, a model of analysis was established, in which the musical texture is divided and classified, based on a set of theoretical parameters (melodic, harmonic, motivic and polyphonic. By analyzing the fingerings used in transcriptions from guitarists Andrés Segovia, Abel Carlevaro, Kazuhito Yamashita and Stanley Yates, and comparing them with our own suggestions, we conclude that the performer has autonomy to challenge a fingering provided by the editor, as it reflects only the musical or technical decisions from a specific performer, and these decisions are also subjected to change.

  2. Dereplication of natural products from complex extracts by regression analysis and molecular networking : case study of redox-active compounds from Viola alba subsp. dehnhardtii

    OpenAIRE

    Chervin, J.; Perio, Pierre; Martins-Froment, N.; Pharkeovilay, C.; Reybier, K.; Nepveu, F.; Fabre, N.; Talou, T.; Bonzon-Ponnet, V.; Marti, G.

    2017-01-01

    Introduction In natural product research, bioassay-guided fractionation was previously widely employed but is now judged to be inadequate in terms of time and cost, particularly if only known compounds are ultimately isolated. The development of metabolomics, along with improvements in analytical tools, allows comprehensive metabolite profiling. This enables dereplication to target unknown active compounds early in the purification workflow. Objectives Starting from an ethanolic extract of vi...

  3. CITY DESIGN : THE NEED FOR A SPATIAL IDENTITY AND THE ROLE OF PUBLIC ART. A SEMIOTIC APPROACH. PIPILOTTI RIST AND BILL VIOLA IN VENICE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verena Lenna

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available As far as the construction of a community’s identity and territory is concerned, the question about the usefulness of a project of public art is a priority in any kind of initiative. Especially when the public dimension makes the intervention subject to ideological manipulations. It is necessary to establish if the potentialities of the work of art are worthy of the risk of its exploitation. I’ll try to answer to this question on one hand stressing the importance of the spatial support in the construction of new territorial identities. On the other hand I’ll specify the ways in which the artistic device can help this process. I ‘m proposing semiotics as an instrument of control: the reason lays in the communicational value of the artistic project and in its cognitive role in terms of image. The power of image is in its figurative features, but also in the ability of continuously establishing webs of relations, possibly subject to manipulation. Semiotics contributes with the description of values underlay to a specific artistic project, as a deep founding level of its conception: at the same time, itenables us with the possibility to control those meaning distortions which can transform the artistic project in a disaggregating factor.

  4. SAKIGAKE SOLAR WIND EXPERIMENT DATA V1.0

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The original dataset was called MST5SOW. It was personally delivered by Dr. Oyama. The sample hardcopy listed the column headings with units for the solar wind...

  5. SUISEI ENERGY SPECTRUM PARTICLE MEASUREMENTS V1.0

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — A floppy was received at IHW-Lead Center through Dr. Oyama. It contained the following description: SUISEI ESP / Solar Wind Parameters T. Mukai Institute of Space...

  6. SAKIGAKE INTERPLANETARY MAGNETIC FIELD DATA V 1.0

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — The original Data Set Name was MST5IMF. The data was delivered personally by Oyama. The component values indicate a crossing of the neutral sheet. The magnetic field...

  7. Variation in life-cycle between three rare and endangered floodplain violets in two regions: implications for population viability and conservation

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Eckstein, R. L.; Danihelka, Jiří; Otte, A.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 64, č. 1 (2009), s. 69-80 ISSN 0006-3088 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC06073 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z60050516 Keywords : Viola elatior * Viola pumila * Viola stagnina Subject RIV: EF - Botanics Impact factor: 0.617, year: 2009

  8. Imunidade absoluta de jurisdição dos organismos internacionais e a violação aos direitos humanos (trabalhistas): comentários à oj 416 do tst

    OpenAIRE

    de Castro, Fernando Guilhon; Hübner, Tamires

    2013-01-01

    Neste trabalho, questiona-se a decisão do Tribunal Superior do Trabalho, que, por meio da Orientação Jurisprudencial (OJ) n. 416, afirmou que a Imunidade de Jurisdição dos Organismos Internacionais é absoluta. Esse entendimento contraria a Teoria da Imunidade Relativa, aplicada, também, nos Estados. A questão concerne ao fato de se conceder maior

  9. Violência sexual intrafamiliar e produção de prova da materialidade: proteção ou violação de direitos da criança?

    OpenAIRE

    Azambuja, Maria Regina Fay de

    2010-01-01

    O exame da normativa internacional permite compreender o processo evolutivo pelo qual passou a legislação brasileira voltada à infância ao longo da história do Brasil, que culmina com a conquista da condição de sujeito de direitos fundamentais e altera, de forma significativa, o tratamento a ser dispensado a esta parcela da população. Liberdade, respeito e dignidade passam a integrar o rol de direitos assegurados à criança e situações que outrora não eram identificadas como violência, em espe...

  10. Eficiência e qualidade da aplicação de misturas em tanque com adjuvantes na dessecação de corda-de-viola Efficiency and quality of tank mixtures application with adjuvants in morningglory dessecation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleber D. de G. Maciel

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do trabalho foi avaliar se a utilização de adjuvantes nas misturas em tanque de glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl e glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl influenciam na qualidade da aplicação e eficiência de controle de Ipomoea grandifolia. Treze tratamentos, dispostos em delineamento inteiramente casualizado, foram constituídos pelas misturas em tanque de glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl (1.440 + 12,5 g ha-1 e glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl (1.440 + 10 g ha-1 isoladas e associados aos adjuvantes Nimbus®, Joint Oil®, Naturl'Oil®, Triunfo 515® e All Fix ®, e uma testemunha sem aplicação. Os adjuvantes utilizados foram eficientes na redução da tensão superficial das caldas; no entanto, não influenciaram nos valores de deposição e na eficiência do controle. Os adjuvantes proporcionaram efeitos distintos na redução da tensão superficial, no pH e na qualidade da aplicação (diâmetro mediano volumétrico, densidade de gotas, potencial de perdas por deriva, área coberta e diâmetro médio das gotas das misturas em tanque de glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl e glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl, mas não interferiram na deposição da calda de pulverização sobre os alvos I. grandifolia e lâminas de vidro. Glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl apresentou maior velocidade de controle de I. grandifolia em relação ao glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl, na ausência ou na presença dos adjuvantes, apesar de o glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl associado com Nimbus® e Joint Oil® terem proporcionado às plantas-alvo início de desenvolvimento de novas folhas.The objective of this study was to evaluate if the use of adjuvants with glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl and glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl tank mixture influence the quality application and effectiveness for controlling Ipomoea grandifolia. Thirteen treatments, disposed in a completely randomized design, were constituted by tank mixtures of glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl (1440 + 12,5 g ha-1 and glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl (1440 + 10 g ha-1 isolated and associated to Nimbus®, Joint Oil®, Naturl'Oil®, Triunfo 515® and All Fix®, and a control without application. The adjuvants used were efficient in the reduction of the spray superficial tension; however, did not influence deposition values and control efficiency. Adjuvants provided distinct effects in the reduction of superficial tension, pH and application quality (volumetric median diameter, drops density, potential losses for drift, covered area and drops medium diameter of glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl and glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl tank mixtures, but did not interfere in pulverization spray deposition over I. grandifolia targets and glass sheets. Glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl presented larger speed for controlling I. grandifolia in relation to glyphosate + chlorimuron-ethyl, in the absence or presence of adjuvants, in spite of glyphosate + carfentrazone-ethyl associated to Nimbus® and Joint Oil® have provided to the target plants the initial development of new leaves.

  11. Profile of blonanserin for the treatment of schizophrenia

    OpenAIRE

    Tenjin, Tomomi; Miyamoto,Seiya; Ninomiya,; Kitajima,; Ogino,; Miyake,; Yamaguchi,

    2013-01-01

    Tomomi Tenjin, Seiya Miyamoto, Yuriko Ninomiya, Rei Kitajima, Shin Ogino, Nobumi Miyake, Noboru YamaguchiDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, JapanAbstract: Blonanserin was developed as an antipsychotic drug in Japan and approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. It belongs to a series of 4-phenyl-2-(1-piperazinyl)pyridines and acts as an antagonist at dopamine D2, D3, and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors. Blonanserin has low affinity for 5...

  12. An Inventory of the Vascular Flora of Fort Greely, Interior Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-02-01

    Utricularia vulgaris L. ssp. macrorhiza (Le Conte) R.T. Clausen Vaccinium uliginosum L. Vaccinium vitis-idaea L. ssp. minus (Lodd.) Hulten Valeriana ...minimum (Hartman F.) Fries Valerianaceae Valeriana capitata Pallas ex Link Violaceae Viola biflora L. Viola epipsila Ledeb. Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie...Urtica dioica L. Valeriana sitchensis Bong. Woodsia alpina (Bolton) S.F. Gray 44 1. REPORT DATE (DD-MM-YY) 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES

  13. Animated Dreamsi festivali parimad said eile auhinnad / Kaarel Kressa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kressa, Kaarel, 1983-

    2010-01-01

    12. animafilmide festivali Animated Dreams grand prix' pälvis Kei Oyama film "Käeseep" (Jaapan, 2008). Parima disaini preemia sai Jonas Odelli "Tussilago" (Rootsi, 2010). Parima loo jutustas Olga ja Priit Pärna "Tuukrid vihmas" (Eesti, 2009). Teistest preemiatest

  14. differential pulse voltammetric determination of theophylline at poly ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Preferred Customer

    , W.; Jing-Juan, X.; Hong-Yuan, C. Anal. Lett. 2005, 37, 629. 22. Ohnuki, Y.; Ohsaka, T.; Matsuda, H.; Oyama, N. J. Electroanal. Chem. 1983, 158, 55. 23. Volkov, A.; Tourillon, G.; Lacaze, P.C.; Dubois, J.E. J. Electroanal. Chem. 1980, 115, 279.

  15. 3D Visual Proxemics: Recognizing Human Interactions in 3D from a Single Image (Open Access)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-28

    Introduction A significant number of images and videos uploaded to the Internet, such as YouTube videos or Flickr images, contain scenes of people interacting...Ferrari. Heres looking at you, kid . detecting people looking at each other in videos. In BMVC, 2011. [18] R. Mehran, A. Oyama, and M. Shah. Abnormal

  16. Sinfonía VI al Santísimo

    OpenAIRE

    Stamitz, Charles (1745-1801)

    2010-01-01

    Tabla de contenido: 1. Violín primero; 2. Violín segundo; 3. Viola; 4. Cuerno primero; 5. Cuerno segundo; 6. BajoFolio 1. Bajo a la SinfoníaFolio 3. Violín primeroFolio 5. Violín segundoFolio 7. ViolaFolio 9. Corno primeroFolio 10. Corno segundo

  17. Sinfonía IV al Santísimo

    OpenAIRE

    Stamitz, Charles (1745-1801)

    2010-01-01

    Tabla de contenido: 1. Violín primero; 2. Violín segundo; 3. Viola; 4. Cuerno primero; 5. Cuerno segundo; 6. Bajo.Folio 1v. Violín primero.Folio 3v. Violín segundo.Folio 5. Viola.Folio 6. Cuerno primero.Folio 7. Cuerno segundo.Folio 8. Bajo.

  18. Analgesic and Anti-inflammatory Profile of n-Hexane Fraction of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Purpose: To evaluate the analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of n-hexane extract of the whole plant of Viola betonicifolia Sm, family: Violaceace. Methods: The n-hexane fraction of Viola betonicifolia (VBHF) was tested for its analgesic and antiinflammatory activities (carrageenan-induced and histamine-induced ...

  19. Neck muscle function in violinists/violists with and without neck pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steinmetz, Anke; Claus, Andrew; Hodges, Paul W; Jull, Gwendolen A

    2016-04-01

    Neck pain is associated with changes in neuromuscular control of cervical muscles. Violin and viola playing requires good function of the flexor muscles to stabilize the instrument. This study investigated the flexor muscle behaviour in violin/viola players with and without neck pain using the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT). In total, 12 violin/viola players with neck pain, 21 violin/viola players without neck pain in the preceding 12 weeks and 21 pain-free non-musicians were included. Activity of the sternocleidomastoid muscles (SCM) was measured with surface electromyography (EMG) during the CCFT. Violin/viola players with neck pain displayed greater normalised SCM EMG amplitudes during CCFT than the pain-free musicians and non-musicians (P neck pain in violinists/violists is associated with altered behaviour of the superficial neck flexor muscles consistent with neck pain, despite the specific use of the deep and superficial neck flexors during violin playing.

  20. A Kinetic Insight into the Activation of n-Octane with Alkaline-Earth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NICOLAAS

    c Xs = 0.9 l/FWHMcos q, where Xs is the crystallite size (nm), l is the wavelength of the monochromatic X-ray beam (l= 0.15406 nm for CuKa radiation), FWHM is ..... gen, J. Mol. Catal., 1994, 92, 81–94. 16 S.T. Oyama, G.T. Went, K.B. Lewis, A.T. Bell and G.A. Somorjai,. Oxygen chemisorption and laser Raman spectroscopy ...

  1. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    ... P Nilsson S Nishimura A S Nyanin J Nystrand E O'Brien C A Ogilvie H Ohnishi I D Ojha M Ono V Onuchin A Oskarsson L Österman I Otterlund K Oyama L Paffrath A P T Palounek V S Pantuev V Papavassiliou S F Pate T Peitzmann A N Petridis C Pinkenburg R P Pisani P Pitukhin F Plasil M Pollack K Pope M L Purschke I ...

  2. Pramana – Journal of Physics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    B K Jain S Kailas A K Mohanty ..... Oskarsson L Österman I Otterlund K Oyama L Paffrath A P T Palounek V S Pantuev V Papavassiliou S F Pate T Peitzmann A N Petridis C Pinkenburg R P Pisani P Pitukhin F Plasil M Pollack K Pope M L Purschke I Ravinovich K F Read K Reygers V Riabov Y Riabov M Rosati A A Rose S S ...

  3. Eripreemia Priit Tenderile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi film "Viola" võitis VIII Hiroshima rahvusvahelisel animafilmide festivalil žürii eripreemia. Peapreemia sai Kanada "When the Day Breaks" : režissöörid Wendy Tilby ja Amanda Forbis

  4. Radikaalne kunstnik Orlan avab homme Tallinnas näituse / Ave Randviir

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Randviir, Ave, 1981-

    2008-01-01

    Prantsuse naiskunstnikust Orlanist (sünd. 1947) ja tema näitusest "Postidentiteedi strateegiad" Tallinna Kunstihoones. Näituse kuraatorid Reet Varblane ja Eugenio Viola Itaaliast. Avatud kuni 18.05.2008

  5. Olemise talumatu raskus ja progressiusk / Sandra Jõgeva

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõgeva, Sandra, 1976-

    2008-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstniku Orlani näitus "Postidentiteedi strateegiad" Tallinna Kunstihoones, kuraatorid Eugenio Viola ja Reet Varblane. Teosest "Madonna garaazhis". Kunstniku pöördumisest molekulaarbioloogia võimaluste poole

  6. David Oistrahhi festival läheneb lõpule / Toivo Traks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Traks, Toivo

    2006-01-01

    Kontsertidest David Oistrahhi festivali raames: saksa viola da gamba mängija Holger Faust-Peters ja klavessinist Iren Lill 19. juulil Pärnu Eliisabeti kirikus, briti laulja Patricia Rozario ja RTE Vanbrugh Quartet 20. juulil Eliisabeti kirikus

  7. Bach, Ligeti, Saariaho, and Pisaro : a recital

    OpenAIRE

    Medine, David

    2009-01-01

    This Master's thesis is a document that accompanies my Master's viola recital which took place on November 6, 2009 at the University of California, San Diego. This recital consists of Mind is Moving (V) by Michael Pisaro, Sonata in g-minor by J. S. Bach, Vent Nocturne by Kaija Saariaho, and Gyorgy Ligeti's work Sonate for Viola Solo. The first chapter is an introduction and each subsequent chapter deals with the individual pieces on the program.

  8. Leaching of cell wall components caused by acid deposition on fir needles and trees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shigihara, Ado; Matsumoto, Kiyoshi; Sakurai, Naoki; Igawa, Manabu

    2008-01-01

    Virgin fir forests have been declining since the 1960s at Mt. Oyama, which is located at the eastern edge of the Tanzawa Mountains and adjacent to the Kanto plain in Japan. An acid fog frequently occurs in the mountains. We collected throughfall and stemflow under fir trees and rainfall every week during January-December 2004 at Mt. Oyama to clarify the influence of acid fog on the decline of fir (Abies firma) needles. In relation to throughfall and stemflow, D-mannose, D-galactose, and D-glucose are the major neutral sugar components; only D-glucose is a major component of rainfall. The correlation coefficient between the total neutral sugars and uronic acid (as D-galacturonic acid), which is a key component of the cross-linking between pectic polysaccharides, was high except for rainfall. The leached amount of calcium ion, neutral sugars, uronic acid, and boron is related to the nitrate ion concentration in throughfall. Results of a laboratory exposure experiment using artificial fog water simulating the average composition of fog water observed at Mt. Oyama (simulated acid fog: SAF) on the fir seedling needles also shows a large leaching of these components from the cell walls of fir needles. The leaching amount increased concomitantly with decreasing pH of the SAF solution. We also observed that a dimeric rhamnogalacturonan II-borate complex (dRG-II-B) that exists in the cell wall as pectic polysaccharide was converted to monomeric RG-II (mRG-II) by the leaching of calcium ion and boron. Results not only of field observations but also those of laboratory experiments indicate a large effect of acid depositions on fir needles

  9. Leaching of cell wall components caused by acid deposition on fir needles and trees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Shigihara, Ado [Department of Material and Life Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, 3-27-1, Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama 221-8686 (Japan)], E-mail: r200670202@kanagawa-u.ac.jp; Matsumoto, Kiyoshi [Department of Material and Life Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, 3-27-1, Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama 221-8686 (Japan); Sakurai, Naoki [Faculty of Integrated Arts and Science, Hiroshima University, 1-7-1, Kagamiyama, Higashi-Hiroshima, 739-8521 (Japan); Igawa, Manabu [Department of Material and Life Chemistry, Faculty of Engineering, Kanagawa University, 3-27-1, Rokkakubashi, Kanagawa-ku, Yokohama 221-8686 (Japan)

    2008-07-15

    Virgin fir forests have been declining since the 1960s at Mt. Oyama, which is located at the eastern edge of the Tanzawa Mountains and adjacent to the Kanto plain in Japan. An acid fog frequently occurs in the mountains. We collected throughfall and stemflow under fir trees and rainfall every week during January-December 2004 at Mt. Oyama to clarify the influence of acid fog on the decline of fir (Abies firma) needles. In relation to throughfall and stemflow, D-mannose, D-galactose, and D-glucose are the major neutral sugar components; only D-glucose is a major component of rainfall. The correlation coefficient between the total neutral sugars and uronic acid (as D-galacturonic acid), which is a key component of the cross-linking between pectic polysaccharides, was high except for rainfall. The leached amount of calcium ion, neutral sugars, uronic acid, and boron is related to the nitrate ion concentration in throughfall. Results of a laboratory exposure experiment using artificial fog water simulating the average composition of fog water observed at Mt. Oyama (simulated acid fog: SAF) on the fir seedling needles also shows a large leaching of these components from the cell walls of fir needles. The leaching amount increased concomitantly with decreasing pH of the SAF solution. We also observed that a dimeric rhamnogalacturonan II-borate complex (dRG-II-B) that exists in the cell wall as pectic polysaccharide was converted to monomeric RG-II (mRG-II) by the leaching of calcium ion and boron. Results not only of field observations but also those of laboratory experiments indicate a large effect of acid depositions on fir needles.

  10. Analysis of a Current-Mode Detector for the NOPTREX Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivera Velarde, Daniela; Noptrex Collaboration

    2017-09-01

    Charge, Parity and Time reversal (CPT) symmetries are an important aspect of the Standard Model. One of the outstanding problems in cosmology is the observed matter/antimatter asymmetry seen in the universe, which requires the violation of time reversal symmetry (T). The primary goal of the Neutron Optics Time Reversal Experiment (NOPTREX) is to search for T-violation in polarized neutron transmission through a polarized nuclear target. Preliminary measurements were taken on indium and tantalum resonances at the NOBORU test beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Research Complex (J-PARC) to test the functionality of a prototype detector for the full experiment. We will discuss the analysis of this data as well as the construction of a secondary experiment to measure the angular correlation κ (J) of liquid 131Xe. This work was supported by the Department of Energy under Contract DE-SC0008107 and Berea College Office of Internships.

  11. International trade and waste and fuel managment issue, 2007

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Agnihotri, Newal

    2007-01-01

    The focus of the January-February issue is on international trade and waste and fuel managment. Major articles/reports in this issue include: New plants with high safety and availability, by Bill Poirier, Westinghouse Electric Company; Increased reliability and competitiveness, by Russell E. Stachowski, GE Energy, Nuclear; Fuel for long-term supply of nuclear power, by Kumiaki Moriya, Hitachi, Ltd., Japan; Super high burnup fuel, By Noboru Itagaki and Tamotsu Murata, Nuclear Fuel Industries LTD., Japan; Zero fuel failures by 2010, by Tom Patten, AREVA NP Inc.; Decommissioning opportunities in the UK, by David Brown and William Thorn, US Department of Commerce; Industry's three challenges, by Dale E. Klein, US Nuclear Regulatory Commission; and, A step ahead of the current ABWR's, compiled by Claire Zurek, GE Energy

  12. Wind-eroded silicate as a source of hydrogen peroxide on Mars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bak, Ebbe Norskov; Merrison, Jonathan P.; Jensen, Svend Knak

    Introduction: Investigations of Mars as a potential habitat for past or present life depend on understand-ing the chemistry of the Martian soil as it affects the preservation of organic compounds and thus the risk of forward contamination as well as the suitability of organic compounds...... silicate could further affect the degradation of organic com-pounds on Mars, be a stress factor for past and present life as well as pose a danger to future Mars explorers. [1] Levin G. V. and Straat P.A. (1977) JGR, 82, 4663-4667. [2] Oyama V. I. and Berdahl B. J. (1977) JGR, 82, 4669-4676. [3] Zent A. P...

  13. Review of The Behavioral Health Specialist in Primary Care: Skills for Integrated Practice.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harsh, Jennifer

    2016-03-01

    Reviews the book, The Behavioral Health Specialist in Primary Care: Skills for Integrated Practice edited by Mary Ann Burg and Oliver Oyama (see record 2015-46891-000). The editors and the chapter authors of this useful book provide insight into the skills and knowledge needed to do integrated behavioral health in primary care. The most beneficial part of the book is the layout of the chapters, and the authors do a great job of articulating the clinical components of care. Behavioral health and medical providers in practice or in training could greatly benefit from reading this book. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2016 APA, all rights reserved).

  14. Algorithm for optimization of Viola–Jones object detection framework parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egorov, A. D.

    2018-01-01

    The Viola-Jones algorithm is one of the most popular algorithms for objects recognition in an image. This research paper deals with the possibilities of parametric optimization of the Viola-Jones algorithm to achieve maximum efficiency of the algorithm in specific environmental conditions. It is shown that with the use of additional modifications it is possible to increase the speed of the algorithm in a particular image by 2-5 times with the loss of accuracy and completeness of work by not more than 3-5%.

  15. Conservation assessment for great-spurred violet in the Black Hills National Forest, South Dakota and Wyoming

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. Hope Hornbeck; Carolyn Hull Sieg; Deanna J. Reyher

    2003-01-01

    Great-spurred violet (Viola selkirkii Pursh ex Goldie; Violaceae) is an early spring flowering herb that occurs in the boreal and Rocky Mountain regions of North America, and cool temperate regions of Eurasia, eastern China and Japan. In the Black Hills, the species is restricted to spruce-dominated forests in cold, shady ravines from 5,400 to 7,000...

  16. Chalcone Synthase Gene Lineage Diversification confirms allopolyploid evolutionary relationships of European Rostrate Violets

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hof, van den K.; Berg, van den R.G.; Gravendeel, B.

    2008-01-01

    Phylogenetic relationships among and within the subsections of the genus Viola are still far from resolved. We present the first organismal phylogeny of predominantly western European species of subsection Rostratae based on the plastid trnS¿trnG intron and intergenic spacer and the nuclear low-copy

  17. Biometric authentication for a mobile personal device

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tao, Q.; Veldhuis, Raymond N.J.

    2006-01-01

    Secure access is prerequisite for a mobile personal device (MPD) in a personal network (PN). An authentication method using biometrics, specifically face, is proposed in this paper. A fast face detection and registration method based on a Viola-Jones detector is implemented, and a

  18. Broken symmetries at high temperatures and the problem of baryon excess of the universe

    CERN Document Server

    Mohapatra, Rabindra N

    1979-01-01

    We discuss a class of gauge theories, where spontan- eously broken symmetries, instead of being restored, persist as the temperature is increased. Applying these ideas to the specific case of the soft CP- viola tion in grand unified theories, we discuss a mechanism to generate the baryon to entropy ratio of the universe.

  19. Eesti joonisfilmid tippfestivalidele

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi valiti Hiroshima rahvusvahelise animafilmide festivali võistlusprogrammi : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn. J. Põldma film valiti ka Kanadasse Ottawa festivalile

  20. Eesti animafilmid valiti Jaapani festivalile

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Eesti Joonisfilmi 3 filmi valiti Hiroshima rahvusvahelise animafilmide festivali võistlusprogrammi : "Viola" : režissöör Priit Tender, "Armastuse võimalikkusest" : režissöör, stsenarist ja operaator Janno Põldma ja "Porgandite öö" : režissöör Priit Pärn

  1. Discrete Symmetries in Particle Physics and their Violation

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Indian Institute of Science in the field of elementary particle physics. This two-part article considers certain fundamen- tal symmetries of nature, namely the discrete symmetries of parity (P), charge conjugation (C) and time reversal (T), and their possible viola- tion. Recent experimental results are discussed in some depth.

  2. Is there an association between temporomandibular disorders and playing a musical instrument? A review of literature

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Atallah, M.M.; Visscher, C.M.; van Selms, M.K.A.; Lobbezoo, F.

    2014-01-01

    Temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have a multifactorial etiology. Among others, parafunctions and oral habits have been suggested as important initiating and perpetuating factors. Playing a musical instrument that loads the masticatory system, like wind instruments and the violin or viola, has been

  3. Gender Association with Stringed Instruments: A Four-Decade Analysis of Texas All-State Orchestras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Vicki D.

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to track the gender makeup of the five string sections (Violin 1, Violin 2, Viola, Cello, and String Bass) of Texas Music Educators Association (TMEA) All-State Orchestras from 1971 to 2010, to determine if a clear gender stereotype was evident in any of the sections and if there had been a trend towards a change in…

  4. Development and Trial of a Two Year Program of String Instruction. Appendix F, Music. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Illinois Univ., Urbana. School of Music.

    This appendix contains music for the violin, viola, and cello, as well as rhythm games. The three parts of the appendix are: I. Tunes for the String Player, II. Our First Exercises, and III. Sight Reading. See TE 499 832 for the final report proper. (DB)

  5. Sons & Lumieres / Ivar Jung

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jung, Ivar

    2004-01-01

    Näitus "Hääl ja valgus" Pariisi Pompidou keskuses 22. IX 2004-3. I 2005. Väljas on 99 kunstniku (Paul Klee, Frantishek Kupka, Vassili Kandinsky, Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, Raoul Hausmann, Bill Viola, Robert Rauschenberg, Joseph Beuys, Rodney Graham jne.) tööd ajavahemikust 1910-2004. Kuraatorid Sophie Duplaix ja Marcella Lista

  6. Pupils\\' Drawings of What is Inside Themselves: A Case Study in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pupils\\' Drawings of What is Inside Themselves: A Case Study in Zimbabwe. Viola Manokore, Michael J Reiss. Abstract. No Abstract Available Zimbabwe Journal of Educational Research Vol.15(1) 2003: 29-43. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT.

  7. Verifying a user in a personal face space

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tao, Q.; Veldhuis, Raymond N.J.

    2006-01-01

    For user verification on a personal digital assistant (PDA), a fast and simple system is developed. In the enrollment phase, face detection and registration are done by a Viola-Jones based method, taking advantage of its accuracy and speed. The face feature vectors obtained this way are then used to

  8. A very rare case of HPV-53-related cervical cancer, in a 79-year-old woman with a previous history of negative Pap cytology [corrigendum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zappacosta R

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Zappacosta R, Lattanzio G, Viola P, Ianieri MM, Gatta DMP, Rosini S. Clin Interv Aging. 2014;9:683–688.On page 686, Figure 3 originally contained one panel and incorrect heading and notes. The authors have provided a new Figure 3 and a new legend.Read the original article 

  9. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 901 - 950 of 1250 ... ... No 2 (2016), Physio-chemical evaluation and biological activity of Ajuga bracteosa wall and Viola odoroto Linn, Abstract PDF. Anwar Ali Shad, M. Zeeshan, Hina Fazal, Hamid Ullah Shah, Shabir Ahmed, Hasem Abeer, E. F. Abd_Allah, Riaz Ullah, Hamid Afridi, Akash tariq, Muhammad Adnan Asma.

  10. Physio-chemical evaluation and biological activity of Ajuga ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Physio-chemical evaluation and biological activity of Ajuga bracteosa wall and Viola odoroto Linn. Anwar Ali Shad, M. Zeeshan, Hina Fazal, Hamid Ullah Shah, Shabir Ahmed, Hasem Abeer, E. F. Abd_Allah, Riaz Ullah, Hamid Afridi, Akash tariq, Muhammad Adnan Asma ...

  11. Shad et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2016) 13(2):40-46 40

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    Background: Ajuga bracteosa and Viola odorata are frequently used by the native people of Swat-Pakistan for the curing of fever, malaria, cough, urinary and stomach .... The dried plant samples were then grinded with the help of mortar and pestle followed by electrical grinder (Yigan, model. WF130). “The grinded samples ...

  12. An intertextual reading of the 'Elegia' from Arnold van Wyk's Duo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article presents a multi-layered intertextual reading of the “Elegia” from Van Wyk's Duo Concertante for viola and piano. The intertexts that “converse with” Van Wyk's piece in this article highlight aspects of that composition not immediately obvious without such intertextual perspectives. Two of these intertexts have an ...

  13. Kadunud paradiis / Reet Varblane

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Varblane, Reet, 1952-

    2007-01-01

    Veneetsia 52. biennaali satelliitnäitused. Bill Viola videoinstallatsioon "Kaldata ookean / Ocean without a Shore" San Callo kirikus kuni 24. XI; Itaalia Ladina-Ameerika instituudi näitus "Territooriumid / Territorios" (kuraator Irma Arestizabali) Ca'Zenobios kuni 21. XI ja I mustlaskunsti paviljon "Kaotatud paradiis" (kuraator Timea Junghaus) Palazzo Pisani Santa Marias kuni 21. XI

  14. A contribution to the knowledge of alien flora in the Maltese Islands

    OpenAIRE

    Sciberras, Jeffrey; Sciberras, Arnold

    2010-01-01

    The occurrence of Limoniun sinuatum L., Malephora crocea var purpureo crocea Schwantes J. , Pennisetum setaceum (Forsskal.) Chiov. and Viola alba Bess. In the Maltese Islands is recorded. Considerations are also made on the distribution of Cyperus alternifolius L. and Solanum elaeagnifolium Car. R.

  15. Reference: 678 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 678 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u17960244i Galinha Ca...velopment. 7165 1053-7 17960244 2007 Oct Nature Blilou Ikram|Galinha Carla|Heidstra Renze|Hofhuis Hugo|Luijten Marijn|Scheres Ben|Willemsen Viola

  16. Dasineura odoratae new to Denmark and new records of the rare Mayetiola hellwigi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Hans Henrik; Skuhravá, Marcela

    2011-01-01

    We report the first documented records of the gall midge Dasineura odoratae Stelter, based on adults reared from galls on the single host plant of the species, Viola odorata. We also report Aphanogmus abdominalis (Thomson) (Hymenoptera: Ceraphronidae) as a parasitoid of this gall midge. In addition...

  17. Learning to Detect Traffic Signs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møgelmose, Andreas; Trivedi, Mohan M.; Moeslund, Thomas B.

    2012-01-01

    This study compares the performance of sign detection based on synthetic training data to the performance of detection based on real-world training images. Viola-Jones detectors are created for 4 different traffic signs with both synthetic and real data, and varying numbers of training samples. T...

  18. On the irrationality measure for a q-analogue of ζ(2)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zudilin, W V

    2002-01-01

    A Liouville-type estimate is proved for the irrationality measure of quantities. The proof is based on the application of a q-analogue of the arithmetic method developed by Chudnovsky, Rukhadze, and Hata and of the transformation group for hypergeometric series-the group-structure approach introduced by Rhin and Viola

  19. Iluoperatsioonidest minaristamisteni / Orlan ; interv. Harry Liivrand

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Orlan

    2008-01-01

    Prantsuse kunstniku Orlani (sünd. 1947) eluloolisi andmeid, loomingust. Tema tööde näitusest Tallinna Kunstihoones, kuraatorid Reet Varblane ja Eugenio Viola. Kunstnik räägib oma avalikest iluoperatsioonidest, radikaalsest kunstist, feminismist, suhtumisest valuaistingusse

  20. A Hierarchical and Contextual Model for Learning and Recognizing Highly Variant Visual Categories

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Roofs RoadsParking Lots Trees Cars Tree Parking Lot Car RoadRoof Primitives/ Features Hierarchy nodes Terminals Bag-of-Textons Line segments Haar ...Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition, 1. 17 Viola, P. and Jones, M. (2001). Rapid object detection using a boosted cascade of sim- ple features

  1. Eesti animafilmi trump peitub minevikus / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2000-01-01

    Animafilmifestivalil Hollywoodis "The World Animation Celebration" sai Pärna joonisfilm "Porgandite öö" esimese preemia 15-30-minutiliste filmide kategoorias. Film on valitud koos Janno Põldma joonisfilmiga "Armastuse võimalikkusest" ja Priit Tenderi filmiga "Viola" augustis Hiroshimas toimvale festivalile. Eesti animafilmi absurdihuumor, mis pärineb nõukogude perioodist, on selle edu üks nurgakive.

  2. Eesti joonisfilm jälle esimene

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2000-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide suurimal animafilmifestivalil Hollywoodis "The World Animation Celebration" sai Pärna joonisfilm "Porgandite öö" esimese preemia 15-30-minutiliste filmide kategoorias. Film on valitud koos Janno Põldma joonisfilmiga "Armastuse võimalikkusest" ja Priit Tenderi filmiga "Viola" augustis Hiroshimas toimuvale festivalile

  3. Comparative study for salt stress among seed, root stock and direct ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The experiments were carried out to evaluate the comparative study for salt stress among seed, root stock and direct regenerated violet (Viola odorata L.) seedlings. Violet seedlings propagated through tissue culture (direct regeneration) had significantly higher salicylic acid (SA) concentrations from seed and rootstock ...

  4. Are We Teaching Our String Students to Fear? Orchestra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mishra, Jennifer

    1994-01-01

    Contends that many violin and viola students develop preferences based on fear of using more difficult fingering techniques. Recommends that students be exposed to advanced techniques earlier in a matter-of-fact approach. Includes a list of four books recommended for further reading. (CFR)

  5. Interferência de populações de Euphorbia heterophylla e Ipomoea ramosissima isoladas ou em misturas sobre a cultura de soja Interference of populations of Euphorbia heterophylla and Ipomoea ramosissima isolated or in mixture in soybean crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A. Rizzardi

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Dentre as principais espécies daninhas que infestam as lavouras de soja do sul do Brasil, destacam-se Euphorbia heterophylla (leiteira e, mais recentemente, Ipomoea ramosissima (corda-de-viola. Objetivou-se avaliar a habilidade competitiva relativa entre espécies daninhas e soja e quantificar a interferência de infestações mistas de leiteira e corda-de-viola quando em convivência com plantas de soja. Foram conduzidos dois experimentos, comparando associações de leiteira ou corda-de-viola com soja, utilizando-se cinco proporções de plantas de leiteira e soja ou corda-de-viola e soja (0:8; 2:6; 4:4; 6:2; 8:0. Em um terceiro experimento, mantiveram-se constantes quatro plantas de soja por vaso e utilizaram-se cinco proporções de plantas de leiteira e corda-de-viola (0:8; 2:6; 4:4; 6:2; 8:0, estabelecidas em duas épocas de emergência das plantas daninhas em relação à soja. Verificou-se que a redução na biomassa da soja é mais intensa quando em presença de corda-de-viola do que de leiteira e, principalmente, em situações nas quais a planta daninha se estabelece antes que a cultura. Quando em infestação mista, corda-de-viola é mais competitiva do que leiteira.Euphorbia heterophylla (wild poinsettia, and, more recently, Ipomoea ramosissima (morningglory are among the main weeds infesting soybean crop in southern Brazil. This work aimed to evaluate the effects of wild poinsettia and morningglory as single or mixed populations in coexistence with soybean. Two experimentswere conducted to compare associations of wild poinsettia or moningglory with soybean, using five ratios of wild poinsettia plants and soybean or morningglory (0:8, 2:6, 4:4, 6:2 and 8:0. In a third experiment, four soybean plants per pot were kept constant and five ratios of of wild poinsettia and moningglory plants were used (0:8, 2:6, 4:4, 6:2 and 8:0, established in two weed emergence periods related to the soybean. The results indicated that a higher

  6. Acid fog deposition and the declining forest in Tanzawa mountains, Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igawa, M.; Shigihara, A.; Goto, S.; Nanzai, B.

    2010-07-01

    Since 1988, we have investigated fog chemistry in Mt. Oyama, Tanzawa mountains, Japan, and acid fog has been frequently observed there. We have observed fog on Mt. Oyama by using a night view video camera placed at the base of the mountain, by using a visibility meter at the top of the mountain, and by an active fog sampler at the mountainside. We have reported the fog frequency at the top of Mt. Oyama to be 46% measured by the video camera, but it was overestimated. The visibility measured at the top of the mountain is the most reliable index, and the top of the mountain is covered with fog for about 30%. The frequency of about 15% was added for the case of the visibility of a few km when it was measured by a night view video camera placed at the base of the mountain (8.5 km far from the top). Fog-water deposition increases with the increasing altitude to be much larger than the rain-water deposition. The factors affecting on the occult precipitation intensity were investigated by the simultaneous measurement of the rainfall intensity under a canopy, the wind speed and direction, and the visibility at the top of the mountain. Air pollution has been improved recently in Japan, but acid fog is not improved and has been affecting the leaves of the trees. In Tanzawa mountains, many fir trees and beech trees are declining, while cedar trees show no decline symptoms. We have investigated the effect of acid fog on the trees of these species by exposing simulated acid fog on the seedlings of the species. Seedlings of fir and beech are much damaged by the long term exposure of pH 3 fog, while cedar seedlings are not affected by the acid fog. By the exposure of simulated acid fog, the epicuticle wax is eroded at first, then the cross linking polycation between sugar chains of cell wall is ion-exchanged with proton and the cell wall is swollen, and the membrane calcium is desorbed from the membrane, which lowers the tolerance of the trees to the climate change. Fir and beech

  7. Human Actions Analysis: Templates Generation, Matching and Visualization Applied to Motion Capture of Highly-Skilled Karate Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomasz Hachaj

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to propose and evaluate the novel method of template generation, matching, comparing and visualization applied to motion capture (kinematic analysis. To evaluate our approach, we have used motion capture recordings (MoCap of two highly-skilled black belt karate athletes consisting of 560 recordings of various karate techniques acquired with wearable sensors. We have evaluated the quality of generated templates; we have validated the matching algorithm that calculates similarities and differences between various MoCap data; and we have examined visualizations of important differences and similarities between MoCap data. We have concluded that our algorithms works the best when we are dealing with relatively short (2–4 s actions that might be averaged and aligned with the dynamic time warping framework. In practice, the methodology is designed to optimize the performance of some full body techniques performed in various sport disciplines, for example combat sports and martial arts. We can also use this approach to generate templates or to compare the correct performance of techniques between various top sportsmen in order to generate a knowledge base of reference MoCap videos. The motion template generated by our method can be used for action recognition purposes. We have used the DTW classifier with angle-based features to classify various karate kicks. We have performed leave-one-out action recognition for the Shorin-ryu and Oyama karate master separately. In this case, 100 % actions were correctly classified. In another experiment, we used templates generated from Oyama master recordings to classify Shorin-ryu master recordings and vice versa. In this experiment, the overall recognition rate was 94.2 % , which is a very good result for this type of complex action.

  8. Human Actions Analysis: Templates Generation, Matching and Visualization Applied to Motion Capture of Highly-Skilled Karate Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piekarczyk, Marcin; Ogiela, Marek R.

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this paper is to propose and evaluate the novel method of template generation, matching, comparing and visualization applied to motion capture (kinematic) analysis. To evaluate our approach, we have used motion capture recordings (MoCap) of two highly-skilled black belt karate athletes consisting of 560 recordings of various karate techniques acquired with wearable sensors. We have evaluated the quality of generated templates; we have validated the matching algorithm that calculates similarities and differences between various MoCap data; and we have examined visualizations of important differences and similarities between MoCap data. We have concluded that our algorithms works the best when we are dealing with relatively short (2–4 s) actions that might be averaged and aligned with the dynamic time warping framework. In practice, the methodology is designed to optimize the performance of some full body techniques performed in various sport disciplines, for example combat sports and martial arts. We can also use this approach to generate templates or to compare the correct performance of techniques between various top sportsmen in order to generate a knowledge base of reference MoCap videos. The motion template generated by our method can be used for action recognition purposes. We have used the DTW classifier with angle-based features to classify various karate kicks. We have performed leave-one-out action recognition for the Shorin-ryu and Oyama karate master separately. In this case, 100% actions were correctly classified. In another experiment, we used templates generated from Oyama master recordings to classify Shorin-ryu master recordings and vice versa. In this experiment, the overall recognition rate was 94.2%, which is a very good result for this type of complex action. PMID:29125560

  9. Profile of blonanserin for the treatment of schizophrenia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tenjin T

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tomomi Tenjin, Seiya Miyamoto, Yuriko Ninomiya, Rei Kitajima, Shin Ogino, Nobumi Miyake, Noboru YamaguchiDepartment of Neuropsychiatry, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Kawasaki, Kanagawa, JapanAbstract: Blonanserin was developed as an antipsychotic drug in Japan and approved for the treatment of schizophrenia. It belongs to a series of 4-phenyl-2-(1-piperazinylpyridines and acts as an antagonist at dopamine D2, D3, and serotonin 5-HT2A receptors. Blonanserin has low affinity for 5-HT2C, adrenergic α1, histamine H1, and muscarinic M1 receptors, but displays relatively high affinity for 5-HT6 receptors. In several short-term double-blind clinical trials, blonanserin had equal efficacy as haloperidol and risperidone for positive symptoms in patients with chronic schizophrenia and was also superior to haloperidol for improving negative symptoms. Blonanserin is generally well tolerated and has a low propensity to cause metabolic side effects and prolactin elevation. We recently reported that blonanserin can improve some types of cognitive function associated with prefrontal cortical function in patients with first-episode and chronic schizophrenia. Taken together, these results suggest that blonanserin may be a promising candidate for a first-line antipsychotic for acute and maintenance therapy for schizophrenia. Further comparative studies are warranted to clarify the benefit/risk profile of blonanserin and its role in the treatment of schizophrenia.Keywords: blonanserin, schizophrenia, pharmacology, pharmacokinetics, efficacy, safety

  10. Wavelength resolved neutron transmission analysis to identify single crystal particles in historical metallurgy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzagli, E.; Grazzi, F.; Salvemini, F.; Scherillo, A.; Sato, H.; Shinohara, T.; Kamiyama, T.; Kiyanagi, Y.; Tremsin, A.; Zoppi, Marco

    2014-07-01

    The phase composition and the microstructure of four ferrous Japanese arrows of the Edo period (17th-19th century) has been determined through two complementary neutron techniques: Position-sensitive wavelength-resolved neutron transmission analysis (PS-WRNTA) and time-of-flight neutron diffraction (ToF-ND). Standard ToF-ND technique has been applied by using the INES diffractometer at the ISIS pulsed neutron source in the UK, while the innovative PS-WRNTA one has been performed at the J-PARC neutron source on the BL-10 NOBORU beam line using the high spatial high time resolution neutron imaging detector. With ToF-ND we were able to reach information about the quantitative distribution of the metal and non-metal phases, the texture level, the strain level and the domain size of each of the samples, which are important parameters to gain knowledge about the technological level of the Japanese weapon. Starting from this base of data, the more complex PS-WRNTA has been applied to the same samples. This experimental technique exploits the presence of the so-called Bragg edges, in the time-of-flight spectrum of neutrons transmitted through crystalline materials, to map the microstructural properties of samples. The two techniques are non-invasive and can be easily applied to archaeometry for an accurate microstructure mapping of metal and ceramic artifacts.

  11. A Current-Mode Detector for Use in NOPTREX Time Reversal Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaper, Danielle; Noptrex Collaboration

    2017-09-01

    Searches for new sources of time reversal (T) violation are one of the highest intellectual priorities in nuclear, particle, and astrophysics. The Neutron Optics Time Reversal Experiment (NOPTREX) Collaboration aims to conduct a sensitive null-test search for T-violation in polarized neutron transmission through a polarized nuclear target which possesses low-energy p-wave resonances. We are developing a low-noise current-mode neutron detector with near-unit efficiency and fast time response to resolve the resonance shapes. This talk will discuss the design of the detector as well as test measurements taken on indium and tantalum resonances at the NOBORU test beam at the Japan Proton Accelerator Complex (J-PARC) in June 2017 using a set of prototypical detectors, analog electronics, and data acquisition module. We will also briefly discuss plans for an experiment at LANSCE to measure the P-odd asymmetry in the 0.734 eV p-wave resonance in 139La to 1. This material is based upon work supported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Office of Science, Office of Nuclear Physics, under Award Number DE-SC-0014622. We would also like to acknowledge support by the NSF GRFP under Grant 1247392.

  12. Environmental Impact Statement. Disposal and Reuse of Chanute Air Force Base, Illinois

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    aster (Aster sp.), goldenrod (Solidago sp.), prairie violet (Viola p6datffida), and white wild Indigo (Baptisia leucantha). Land surrounding Chanute AFB...a card? 2 error was created because ttiei did not proparl) MAYOR PQDA1;hOGII May I make one more S research cur State kid Fare from the Stat, of...to operate within th Village forms. The Village contises this thy will hecoime Nh owner Kid operiato fte pubic Pt" Iteof SN rlectric systmss 2012

  13. This is not a bomb / Triin Männik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Männik, Triin

    2005-01-01

    Moskva I rahvusvaheline kaasaja kunsti biennaali lisaprogrammist. Erikülalistena esinesid Christian Boltanski, Bill Viola, Michal Rovner, Ilja Kabakov. Informbüroo projektist, Andrei Jerofejevi kureeritud "Kaasosaliste" ülevaatenäitusest Tretjakovi galeriis, näitusest "Invasioon" ja Robert Mapplethorpe'i fotode väljapanekust Moskva fotograafiakeskuses, näitustest "Post-diasporaa : rännakud ja missioonid" (kuraator Olga Kopenkina) ja "Sooprobleemid" Moskva moodsa kunsti muuseumis

  14. Bright Light Therapy for Treatment of Sleep Problems Following Mild TBI https://www.dacspr.documentservices.dla.mil/dtic/livelink func=formwf.formedit and workid=4132484 and subworkid=4132484 and taskid=8 and formID=1 and viewname=jhg and editable=1176347093 and nexturl=%2Fdtic%2Flivelink%3Ffunc%3Dwork%2Etaskdone%26workid%3D4132484%26subworkid%3D4132484%26taskid%3D8%26xAction%3Dsave%26paneindex%3D1%26nexturl%3D%252Fdtic%252Flivelink%253Ffunc%253Dllworkspace and noredisplay=1#

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-01

    daytime and nighttime exposure. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol 2006;290:R1413–20. 9. Viola AU, James LM, Schlangen LJ, Dijk D-J. Blue-enriched...visual perception of food. In Dube, L, Bechara, A, Dagher, A, Drewnowski, A, Lebel, J, James , P, & Yada, R. (Eds), Obesity Prevention: The Role of...on Schizophrenia Research. Whistler , British Columbia. April 2001. 27. Kanayama, G, Killgore, WD, Gruber, SA, & Yurgelun-Todd, DA. FMRI BOLD

  15. Is thermal equilibrium in strongly damped collisions only apparent?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wilczynski, J.; Siwek-Wilczynska, K.

    1990-01-01

    The dependence of excitation-energy sharing on the direction of the net transfer of mass, observed by Viola and co-workers, is interpreted in terms of the participant-spectator model of Wilczynski and Wilschut. It is demonstrated that the division of the excitation energy in fully damped collisions (proportional to the mass numbers of the fragments) is a natural consequence of the participant-spectator kinematics and therefore it does not necessarily imply temperature equilibration prior to scission

  16. [Tableau de l'opération de la taille by Marin Marais (1725)--a bladder calculus operation represented in music].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Evers, S

    1993-05-01

    The piece "Tableau de l'opération de la taille", written for viola by the French composer Marin Marais in 1725, presents an operation for removal of a stone in the bladder in musical form. Musicological analysis shows that in the early 18th century the lateral perineal approach was normally used for such operations in France. Medico-historical annotations complement the musicological analysis.

  17. PASTORAS NA VOZ, INSUBMISSAS NA VIDA? As mulheres da Velha Guarda da Portela

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nilton Rodrigues Junior

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The Old Guard of Portela is a musical group founded in 1970 by musician Paulinho da Viola and the initiative that brings together men and women to represent the Portela Samba School. One of the group's characteristics is the presence of women as pastors. My goal is to interpret gender relations among the members of the group starting from the understanding of the social place of pastors.

  18. Kynol/Nomex Fabrics for Fire Retardant Shipboard Utility Uniforms

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-01

    MHOI -O (M% III) •nmi B-aJ bi BIEk 41 11154 3.8 B CG1Uto Pas Fe Viola G DItv V1aet~1 I 6110D 6.48 am1y mmHUsifeBd h 411154 3.8 C (!IUfri Fat Red V~iolet...revealed that Fabric A contained filling bands, oil and dirt spots and miss- ing filling. Fabric B was found to have loose selvages, some oil and dirt

  19. The efficiency of adjuvants combined with flupyrsulfuron-methyl plus metsulfuron-methyl (Lexus XPE) on weed control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heremans, B; Isebaert, S; Verhoeven, R; Haesaert, G

    2007-01-01

    This paper presents the results of laboratory tests on a selection of weeds (Viola arvensis, Polygonum persicaria, Chamomilla recutita, Chenopodium album, Veronica persicaria, Alopecurus myosusroides) to investigate the efficiency of flupyrsulfuron-methyl plus metsutfuronmethyl (Lexus XPE) in combination with different adjuvants. The efficiency of the herbicide improved in combination of adjuvants. The level of phytotoxicity of the adjuvants-herbicide treatments appllied varied among the different weed species.

  20. Untangling individual variation in natural populations: ecological, genetic and epigenetic correlates of long-term inequality in herbivory

    OpenAIRE

    Herrera, Carlos M.; Bazaga, Pilar

    2011-01-01

    Individual variation in ecologically important features of organisms is a crucial element in ecology and evolution, yet disentangling its underlying causes is difficult in natural populations. We applied a genomic scan approach using amplified fragment length polymorphism (AFLP) markers to quantify the genetic basis of long-term individual differences in herbivory by mammals at a wild population of the violet Viola cazorlensis monitored for two decades. In addition, methylation-...

  1. Modeling the Response of Dual Cross-Linked Nanoparticle Networks to Mechanical Deformation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-01-31

    Isaac Newton Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Workshop on Dynamics of Suspensions, Gels, Cells and Tissues, Cambridge, UK, June 24-28, 2013...Thierry Savin, German V. Kolmakov, Isaac  G. Salib, Anna C. Balazs, Martin Kröger, Viola Vogel. Fibers with Integrated Mechanochemical Switches...Minimalistic Design Principles Derived from Fibronectin, Biophysical Journal, (11 2012): 0. doi: 10.1016/j.bpj.2012.09.028 Balaji V. S. Iyer, Isaac G

  2. Baturin, Hargla ja Põldroos kirjutasid parimad romaanid / Neeme Korv, Tiit Tuumalu, Rein Veidemann ; komment. Kärt Hellermaa, Ott Raun ja Eeva Park

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Korv, Neeme, 1974-

    2003-01-01

    Esikoharomaan on Nikolai Baturini "Kentaur", teine Indrek Hargla "Vabaduse kõrgeim määr" ja kolmas Enn Põldroosi "Joonik kivi"; äramärgitud tööd: Sass Henno "Elu algab täna", Agu Tammeveski "Kas teie olite siis teistsugune?", Jaan Tangsoo "Marukoer", Erik Tohvri "Tants läbi rukki", Mare Raidma "Viola", Marje Ernits "Õpetaja, õpetaja!" ja Leida Rebane "Üle väljamäe"

  3. The edema of fiddler's neck.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stern, J B

    1979-12-01

    Fiddler's neck is a dermatosis of violinists and violists. It characteristically presents as focal lichenification and pigmentation on the left side of the neck. Edema may also occur in the same area and lead to cosmetic concern or fear of malignancy. The edema apparently results from pressure on the patient's neck by the base of the violin or viola and is worsened by holding the instrument in a drooping position.

  4. Kiasma - muzei s vidom na Laplandiju / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) töödest

  5. ARS - Helsinki - 2006 / Galina Balashova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Balashova, Galina

    2006-01-01

    Steven Holli projekteeritud Kiasma muuseumihoonest Helsingis. Kontseptuaalkunsti näitusest ARS 06 "Reaalsustunne" Kiasmas. Eestlastest esineb Mark Raidpere. Vene kunstnikegrupi AEC+F ja vene kunstnike Juri Vassiljevi ning Aleksandr Ponomarjovi töödest näitusel. Ka Gerda Steineri & Jörg Lenzlingeri (Šveits), Martin & Munoz'i (USA, Hispaania), arvutigraafik Charles Sandisoni (SB), videokunstnik Bill Viola (USA) jt. töödest

  6. Edible flowers - antioxidant activity and impact on cell viability

    OpenAIRE

    Kuceková, Zdenka; Mlček, Jiří; Humpolíček, Petr; Rop, Otakar

    2013-01-01

    The phenolic compound composition, antioxidant activity and impact on cell viability of edible flower extracts of Allium schoenoprasum; Bellis perennis; Cichorium intybus; Rumex acetosa; Salvia pratensis; Sambucus nigra; Taraxacum officinale; Tragopogon pratensis; Trifolium repens and Viola arvensis was examined for the first time. Total phenolic content of the flowers of these plants fell between 11.72 and 42.74 mg of tannin equivalents/kg of dry matter. Antioxidant activity ranged from 35.5...

  7. Cyberspace Human Capital: Building a Cadre Today to Win Tomorrows War

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-28

    James Kaplan, Naufal Khan and Roger Roberts . Winning the Battle for Technology Talent, Business Technology Office, 2012. 41 Recommendation R8...Building a Cadre Today to Win Tomorrow’s War by Erica Fountain, Brian Viola & Michael Williams, Major United States Air Force A...Schwartz, kick-started the transformation of the USAF’s foundational mission imperatives with a new mission statement: “to fly, fight and win in air

  8. From "World Picture" to Image/Sound World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2008-01-01

      Quand on reflète à l'âge moderne on pense souvent à l'idée de Heidegger contenu dans le syntagme Weltbild, c'est-à-dire: « L'image du monde ne veut pas dire une image du monde, mais le monde saisi en tant qu'image ». Cette vision est symptomatique à l'âge postmoderne, le temps par excellence du...... opposer à l'image « psychotropique » de Baudrillard une vision différente, extraite de la création de l'uns des artistes les plus acclamés de l'art contemporain, Bill Viola. Les vidéos performances de Viola rendent de manière puissante une vision du monde toute différente, à la foi imagistique, aussi...... phonique, et surtout archétypale. Loin d'être psychotropique, la vision de Viola est profondément paradigmatique en tant qu'image et son, une projection du monde dans sa manifestation primordiale.   ...

  9. Voice Under Erasure

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2010-01-01

    de l'installation, les visions « capitales » de Viola Le Hall des Soupirs, des têtes flottantes, créent une vision intensifiée. Ils semblent ne pas avoir l'expression symbolique et la liberté d'expression. Leur phonologie est plutôt une phonophoby. Cet article se penche sur des sujets aphones de Bill......Svævede i det mørke rum facilitet, Violas "hovedstæder" visioner i ”Hall of Whispers,” flydende hoveder, skabe en intens vision. De synes ikke at have den symbolske udtryk og ytringsfrihed. Deres fonologi er snarere bliver en pfonofobi. Denne artikel fokuserer på emner, stumme Bill Viola og......, at videoen ydeevne ikke kun visuelt-akustiske arrangementer, men de kunne også være en oplevelse at udvikle bevidsthed og fantasi. Og måske hvad kunstneren prøver at fortælle os, at vi lærer af vores passioner, at vi skal konfrontere, anerkende og derefter på tværs og omdanne. Planant dans la chambre obscure...

  10. From "World Picture" to Image/Sound World

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Isar, Nicoletta

    2008-01-01

    opposer à l'image « psychotropique » de Baudrillard une vision différente, extraite de la création de l'uns des artistes les plus acclamés de l'art contemporain, Bill Viola. Les vidéos performances de Viola rendent de manière puissante une vision du monde toute différente, à la foi imagistique, aussi...... phonique, et surtout archétypale. Loin d'être psychotropique, la vision de Viola est profondément paradigmatique en tant qu'image et son, une projection du monde dans sa manifestation primordiale.   ......  Quand on reflète à l'âge moderne on pense souvent à l'idée de Heidegger contenu dans le syntagme Weltbild, c'est-à-dire: « L'image du monde ne veut pas dire une image du monde, mais le monde saisi en tant qu'image ». Cette vision est symptomatique à l'âge postmoderne, le temps par excellence du...

  11. New, rare or remarkable microfungi in the Italian Alps (Carnic Alps)--part II--other microfungi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ale-Agha, N; Feige, G B; Jensen, M; Christiaans, B; Brassmann, M; Kricke, R

    2004-01-01

    In addition to the collection of Ascomycotina in the Carnic Alps (see New, rare or remarkable microfungi in the Italian Alps (Carnic Alps) part I ) we were able to treasure about 300 species of parasitic and saprophytic microfungi. Among them Basidiomycetes, Ascomycetes and Deuteromycets like Bostrichonema polygoni (UNGER) SCHROT. on Polygonum viviparum L., Chrysomyxa rhododendri DE BY on Picea abies (L.) KARSTEN, Coleosporium tussilaginis (PERS.) BERK. I=C. cacaliae OTTH.] on Adenostyles glabra (MILL.) DC., Dasyscyphus barbatus (KUNZE) MASSEE on Lonicera nigra L., Leptosphaeria coniothyrium (FUCKEL) SACC. on Rosa canina L., Leptotrochila brunellae (LIND) DENNIS on Prunella grandiflora (L.) SCHOLLER., Marssonina kriegeriana (BES.) MAGNUS on Salix reticulata L., Puccinia alpina FUCKEL on Viola biflora L., Puccinia maculosa (STRAUSS.) ROHLING and Erysiphe cichoracearum DC. On Prenanthes purpurea L., Septoria microsora SPENG. on Gentianella germanica (WILLD.) BORNER, Urocystis orobranches (FR.) FISCH. V. WALDH. on Orobranche gracilis SM., Urocystis violae (J. SOWERBY) A. FISCHER VON WALDHEIN on Viola biflora L. and Uromyces phyteumatum (DC.) UNG. on Phyteuma spicatum L. were dominant. All samples are located in the Herbarium ESS Mycotheca Parva, Collection G.B. Feige/N. Ale-Agha.

  12. Genotype influences sulfur metabolism in broccoli (Brassica oleracea L.) under elevated CO2 and NaCl stress.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodríguez-Hernández, María del Carmen; Moreno, Diego A; Carvajal, Micaela; Martínez-Ballesta, María del Carmen

    2014-12-01

    Climatic change predicts elevated salinity in soils as well as increased carbon dioxide dioxide [CO2] in the atmosphere. The present study aims to determine the effect of combined salinity and elevated [CO2] on sulfur (S) metabolism and S-derived phytochemicals in green and purple broccoli (cv. Naxos and cv. Viola, respectively). Elevated [CO2] involved the amelioration of salt stress, especially in cv. Viola, where a lower biomass reduction by salinity was accompanied by higher sodium (Na(+)) and chloride (Cl(-)) compartmentation in the vacuole. Moreover, salinity and elevated [CO2] affected the mineral and glucosinolate contents and the activity of biosynthetic enzymes of S-derived compounds and the degradative enzyme of glucosinolate metabolism, myrosinase, as well as the related amino acids and the antioxidant glutathione (GSH). In cv. Naxos, elevated [CO2] may trigger the antioxidant response to saline stress by means of increased GSH concentration. Also, in cv. Naxos, indolic glucosinolates were more influenced by the NaCl×CO2 interaction whereas in cv. Viola the aliphatic glucosinolates were significantly increased by these conditions. Salinity and elevated [CO2] enhanced the S cellular partitioning and metabolism affecting the myrosinase-glucosinolate system. © The Author 2014. Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of Japanese Society of Plant Physiologists. All rights reserved. For permissions, please email: journals.permissions@oup.com.

  13. Direitos humanos na atualidade: um mundo em crise

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Gomes Biacchi

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Preocupante é a ascensão do populismo dentro dos Estados Democráticos de Direito, em uma clara afronta e violação aos direitos humanos. Direitos esses que foram arduamente construídos e conquistados pela humanidade ao longo de períodos históricos e tiveram como ápice o fim da Segunda Guerra Mundial e a construção do Sistema Global de Proteção por meio da Organização das Nações Unidas, no século XX. No século XXI, diferentemente do que imaginávamos, caminhamos para um cenário confuso e melancólico, ante as claras e manifestas violações aos direitos humanos por parte dos Estados. Não obstante a comunidade internacional questione a efetividade na tutela dos direitos humanos dentro da ONU, em virtude da inexistência de mecanismos institucionalizados para buscarem a responsabilização internacional do Estado contra graves violações aos direitos humanos, a exemplo do que ocorre dentro do Sistema Interamericano de Proteção aos Direitos Humanos, verificamos que, guardadas as devidas proporções e dentro dos limites de atuação que o próprio direito internacional impõe, a ONU procura atuar eficazmente. [continua

  14. TRAJES FUNESTOS: UMA LEITURA DE “O ROMANCE DE UNS VELHOS VESTIDOS”, DE HENRY JAMES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adilson dos Santos (UEL

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Em “O romance de uns velhos vestidos”, Henry James explora aquela velha ideia, muito presente em certas religiões, de que espíritos malignos podem se esconder em certos objetos e de que a identidade de um indivíduo pode ser acessada através de seus pertences. Neste conto, a clássica rivalidade entre irmãos se faz sentir entre Viola e a caçula Perdita. Cada qual promove uma ação vingativa em relação à outra. Viola, preterida por Mr. Arthur Lloyd - que toma a irmã por sua esposa -, falsamente deseja a Perdita, longos anos de vida. Já Perdita, falecida logo após dar a luz uma menina, dá cabo da vida da irmã. Ao procurar tomar para si as roupas que pertenceram a Perdita, Viola, agora casada com Lloyd, é assassinada pelo espírito da irmã, extraordinariamente presente em seus trajes.

  15. Opiniões e vivências de adolescentes acerca dos direitos ao respeito e privacidade e à proteção contra a violência física no âmbito familiar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Paula Lazzaretti de Souza

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi investigar a opinião e a vivência de adolescentes acerca dos direitos ao respeito e privacidade, e à proteção contra a violência física no âmbito familiar. Participaram 50 adolescentes de 12 a 18 anos (M=14,46, SD=1,38 da Região Metropolitana de Porto Alegre. Foram utilizados o Inventário de Autorrelato sobre a Situação dos Direitos e o Questionário sobre Conhecimento em Direitos. Do total, 32,7% relataram violação do direito ao respeito e privacidade, e 50% à proteção contra violência física. Não houve diferença significativa entre o grupo que sofreu muitas violações de direitos e o que sofreu poucas em relação à opinião sobre estes direitos específicos, entretanto, o grupo que sofreu tais violações apoiou mais a garantia destes direitos. Estes resultados indicam a importância de espaços de participação e discussão acerca das concepções de adolescentes sobre seus direitos.

  16. Segurança privada e direitos civis na cidade de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cleber da Silva Lopes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo O artigo investiga as violações de direitos civis cometidas por seguranças regulares, semirregulares e irregulares que executam policiamento privado na cidade de São Paulo. Esses agentes têm violado direitos e liberdades individuais no exercício de suas atividades profissionais? Quais são as principais violações e onde elas mais ocorrem? Diferentes tipos de agentes cometem distintas violações de direitos civis? Essas violações se assemelham às que ocorrem nas atividades de policiamento público? O trabalho procura responder a essas questões a partir de uma análise exploratória das ocorrências policiais envolvendo seguranças particulares da cidade de São Paulo entre janeiro de 2009 e setembro de 2010. Os dados indicam que os profissionais de segurança privada não raramente violam a integridade física, a liberdade e a honra dos cidadãos, especialmente dos que frequentam espaços de entretenimento, comércio e terminais de transporte público. Enquanto seguranças regulares cometem mais violações nos terminais de transporte coletivo, seguranças semirregulares e irregulares se excedem mais em casas noturnas, bares, restaurantes e estabelecimentos comerciais. Os dados também sugerem que o padrão de abusos presente nas atividades de policiamento privado é distinto daquele encontrado nas atividades de policiamento público. Enquanto policiais parecem usar e abusar com maior frequência dos poderes legais que lhes conferem o direito de usar força letal para a manutenção da ordem pública, profissionais de segurança privada usam e abusam com mais frequência de ferramentas físicas e corporais não letais em nome da manutenção da ordem no interior de espaços policiados por instituições privadas.

  17. Synergistic impacts of deforestation, climate change and fire on the future biomes distribution in Amazonia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampaio, G.; Cardoso, M. F.; Nobre, C. A.; Salazar, L. F.

    2013-05-01

    Several studies indicate future increase of environmental risks for the ecosystems in the Amazon region as a result of climate and land-use change, and their synergistic interactions. Modeling studies (e.g. Oyama and Nobre 2004, Salazar et al. 2007, Malhi et al. 2008) project rapid and irreversible replacement of forests by savannas with large-scale losses of biodiversity and livelihoods for people in the region. This process is referred to as the Amazon Dieback, where accelerated plant mortality due to environmental changes lead to forest collapse and savannas expansion after "tipping points" in climate and land surface changes are achieved. In this study we performed new analyses to quantify how deforestation, climate change and fire may combine to affect the distribution of major biomes in Amazonia. Changes in land use consider deforestation scenarios of 0%, 20%, 40%, and 50% (Sampaio et al., 2007), with and without fires (Cardoso et al., 2008), under the two greenhouse gases scenarios B1 and A2 and three "representative concentration pathways" (RCPs): 2.6, 4.5 and 8.5, for years 2015-2034 and 2040-2059 ("2025" and "2050" time-slices), from IPCC AR4 and CMIP5. The results show that the area affected in scenarios A2 and RCP 8.5 is larger than in the climate scenario B1 and RCP 2.6, and in both cases the effect is progressively higher in time. Most important changes occur in the East and South of the Amazon, with replacement of tropical forest by seasonal forest and savanna. The effect of fire in this region is important in all scenarios. The Northwest Amazon presents the smallest changes in the area of tropical forest, indicating that even for substantial land-use modifications and global climate change, the resulting atmospheric conditions would still support tropical forest in the region. In summary, we conclude that the synergistic combination of deforestation, climate change resulting from global warming, and the potential for higher fire occurrence may lead

  18. Inverse relationship of cardioankle vascular index with BMI in healthy Japanese subjects: a cross-sectional study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagayama D

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Daiji Nagayama,1,2 Haruki Imamura,2 Yuta Sato,2 Takashi Yamaguchi,2 Noriko Ban,2 Hidetoshi Kawana,2 Masahiro Ohira,2 Atsuhito Saiki,2 Kohji Shirai,3 Ichiro Tatsuno2 1Center of Endocrinology and Metabolism, Shin-Oyama City Hospital, Oyama-City, 2Center of Diabetes, Endocrinology and Metabolism, 3Department of Vascular Function, Sakura Medical Center, Toho University, Sakura-City, Japan Objective: The objective of this study is to investigate the association of body mass index (BMI with arterial stiffness assessed by cardioankle vascular index (CAVI. Subjects and methods: A retrospective cross-sectional study was conducted in 23,257 healthy Japanese subjects (12,729 men and 10,528 women, aged 47.1 ± 12.5 years, BMI 22.9 ± 3.4 kg/m2 who underwent health screening between 2004 and 2006 in Japan. Exclusion criteria were current medication use and a past history of cardiovascular disease, hypertension, stroke, diabetes, and nephritis. Results: Male subjects showed significantly higher BMI, CAVI, and triglycerides and lower high-density lipoprotein (HDL-cholesterol compared with female subjects. Next, the subjects were divided into tertiles of BMI: lower, middle, and upper, in a gender-specific manner. After adjusting for confounders including age, systolic blood pressure, and HDL-cholesterol identified by multiple regression analysis, the mean CAVI decreased progressively as BMI tertile increased in both genders. Furthermore, a negative inverse relationship between BMI and adjusted CAVI was observed throughout the BMI distribution. Multivariate logistic regression model for contributors of high CAVI (≥90th percentile identified obesity (odds ratios (95% confidence interval: 0.804 (0.720–0.899], older age [15.6 (14.0–17.4], male gender [2.26 (2.03–2.51], hypertension [2.28 (2.06–2.54], impaired fasting glucose [1.17 (1.01–1.37], and low HDL-cholesterol [0.843 (0.669–1.06] as independent factors. Conclusion: We demonstrated an

  19. Japan: Overview of activities on Neutron Imaging (NI) and Cultural Heritage (CH) studies

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kiyanagi, Yoshiaki

    2012-01-01

    The pulsed neutron imaging using the time-of-flight method can give structural information on materials by using the characteristic features of the wavelength dependent neutron transmission. The crystal structure (lattice spacing), crystallite size, and preferred orientation in metal materials are investigated by analyzing the Bragg edge shapes and the elements by the resonance absorption peaks. Such information is important for characterizing the steels and other metal products, and only our group has the data analysis code for deducing such information. It is useful to apply the pulsed neutron imaging to the cultural heritages since the method helps to understand smithing and smelting processes of the specimens. The transmission method gives position dependent information and the diffraction gives complemental and more detailed data for the crystal structures and the textures. Therefore, the combined use of these methods is very useful for studying rigorously the crystal structure of cultural heritage samples. We have already collaborated with the Italian group for this direction, since the group has been performing the diffraction study. Therefore, we promote the research collaboratively for comprehensive and rigorous understanding of the crystallographic characteristics of the cultural heritages and archaeological specimens. The main object of this study is to obtain comprehensive crystallographic information of the cultural heritages and archaeological specimens. The main object of this study is to obtain comprehensive crystallographic information of the cultural heritages and the smithing and the smelting. To obtain such outcomes we are planning to perform mainly the pulsed neutron imaging using NOBORU at J-PARC, HUNS at Hokkaido University and INES at ISIS. We are the only group that can obtain the crystallographic images by using the pulsed neutron experiments coupled with the data analysis code we developed. In parallel we improve the Bragg edge analysis

  20. Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-01

    Japan consists of 3900 islands and lies off the east coast of Asia. Even though Japan is one of the most densely populated nations in the world, its growth rate has stabilized at .5%. 94% of all children go to senior high school and almost 90% finish. Responsibility for the sick, aged, and infirmed is changing from the family and private sector to government. Japan was founded in 600 BC and its 1st capital was in Nara (710-1867). The Portuguese, the 1st Westerners to make contact with Japan in 1542, opened trade which lasted until the mid 17th century. US Navy Commodore Matthew Perry forced Japan to reopen in 1854. Following wars with China and Russia in the late 1800s and early 1900s respectively, Japan took part in World Wars I and II. In between these wars Japan invaded Manchuria and China. The US dropped an atomic bomb on Hiroshima and Nagasaki and the Japanese surrendered in September, 1945 ending World War II (WWII). Following, WWII, the Allied Powers guided Japan's establishment as a nonthreatening nation and a democratic parliamentary government (a constitutional monarchy) with a limited defense force. Japan remains one of the most politically stable of all postwar democracies. The Liberal Democratic Party's Noboru Takeshita became prime minister in 1987. Japan has limited natural resources and only 19% of the land is arable. Japanese ingenuity and skill combine to produce one of the highest per hectare crop yields in the world. Japan is a major economic power, and its and the US economies are becoming more interdependent. Its exports, making up only 13% of the gross national product, mainly go to Canada and the US. Many in the US are concerned, however, with the trade deficit with Japan and are seeking ways to make trade more equitable. Japan wishes to maintain good relations with its Asian neighbors and other nations. The US and Japan enjoy a strong, productive relationship.

  1. Uma Comissão da Verdade no Brasil? Desafios e perspectivas para integrar direitos humanos e democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raphael Neves

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo busca avaliar a criação da Comissão Nacional da Verdade no Brasil e o esforço desta para integrar direitos humanos e meios democráticos de apurar violações passadas. Primeiramente, ele tenta estabelecer uma visão normativa de acordo com a qual a Lei de Anistia de 1979 não é válida porque viola o que Rainer Forst chama de "direito básico à justificação". Além disso, revê e critica à fundamentação normativa das decisões da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos, que recentemente condenou o Estado brasileiro. De acordo com a visão dessa corte, o único modo legítimo que um país tem de apurar violações de direitos humanos é via justiça criminal. Essa perspectiva, o artigo argumenta, é muito estreita e deve incluir também as comissões da verdade.This paper aims to evaluate the creation of the National Truth Commission in Brazil and its effort to integrate human rights and democratic means to account past violations. First, it tries to establish a normative view according to which the Amnesty Law enacted in 1979 is not valid because it violates what Rainer Forst calls a "basic right to justification". In addition it reviews and challenges the normative foundations of the decisions of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights, which recently condemned the Brazilian state. According to the Court's view, the only legitimate way a country has to make violations of human rights accountable is by means of criminal justice. This perspective, the article argues, is too narrow and must include truth commissions as well.

  2. Parafusos pediculares mal posicionados pela técnica freehand: qual o real valor para o surgimento de lesões neurológicas?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marina Hirschle Galindo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Verificar a existência de lesões neurológicas nos pacientes submetidos à instrumentação com parafusos pediculares mal posicionados na região toracolombar. MÉTODOS: Estudo prospectivo com seleção randômica de 30 pacientes submetidos à instrumentação pedicular por via posterior, pela técnica freehand. Foi avaliada comparativamente, de forma cega, a adequação do posicionamento dos parafusos nas vértebras por meio de tomografias. A seguir, tentou-se correlacionar a existência de alterações neurológicas relacionadas ao posicionamento dos implantes. RESULTADOS: Observados 223 parafusos pediculares na coluna toracolombar em 30 pacientes operados no serviço por diversas doenças. Houve violação da parede do pedículo vertebral em 33% dos pacientes, sendo mais da metade com invasão da cortical medial. A piora neurológica no pós-operatório imediato ocorreu em três pacientes, entretanto apenas um parafuso precisou de reposicionamento. Todos os pacientes recuperaram a situação neurológica pré-cirúrgica. CONCLUSÕES: O índice de violação cortical com parafusos pediculares mostrou-se elevado. Contudo, nota-se que pequenas violações pediculares podem causar danos neurológicos e que, quando esses acontecem, são reversíveis se o erro for corrigido.

  3. Actual state of plant decline phenomena due to acid rain and others

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koshiji, Masashi

    1992-01-01

    Kanagawa Prefecture presents diversified aspects in its topography and weather from Sagami Bay to the highest point, Hirugatake (1673 m) in Tanzawa mountains, with plain, terrace, hill and mountain. When the state of forest areas is observed, evergreen broadleaf tree forests are in coastal areas and to the inland of 700 - 800 m elevation. Deciduous broadleaf tree forests are in the mountains exceeding 700 - 800 m. Further, fir and Japanese hemlock trees distribute in the area where both forests adjoin. At present, from terraces and hills to mountains, the plantations of Japanese cedar, Hinoki cypress and pine trees and the secondary forests of oak trees are seen. The decline of Japanese cedar trees in this Prefecture was first seen around 1960, and it was investigated in 1972 by dividing the tree form into five steps corresponding to the degree of decline. The progress of the decline, and the outline of fir tree forest in Oyama and its decline are reported. The secular change of growth ring width is utilized as the recorder of environmental change in the past such as weather, natural calamity and atmospheric pollution. The analysis of the course of decline using growth rings was carried out. The relation of the decline of forests to atmospheric pollution, and the decline of Japanese beech and fir trees in Tanzawa mountains are reported. (K.I.)

  4. Research on acid fog. Sanseimu no kenkyu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Murano, K. (National Institute for Environmental Studies, Tsukuba (Japan))

    1992-11-30

    The present status of surveillance and research on acid fog is reviewed. Acid fog is usually gathered by automatic active fog water collector, and like acid rain, its pH, electro-conductivity and various ion species are measured. Radiation fog and upslope fog are frequently generated as polluted fog, and radiation fog as low as 2.25 in pH was observed in Los Angeles for example, indicating its ion species concentrations 10-100 times as high as those in usual rain. Acid fog as low as 3 in pH was also observed in the eastern mountains in the United States. In Japan, generation of aid fog is frequently observed at 4 points such as Akagisan, Tomakomai, Oyama and Sangunyama suggesting the relation between acid fog and plant damage, while human injury due to acid drizzle has been also found in the Shizuoka area and northern part of the Kanto Plain. In addition, the simulation of fog water oxidation is being conducted with a model based on both kinetics and equilibrium, indicating a good agreement with monitoring results. 33 refs., 9 figs., 4 tabs.

  5. Investigating the health care delivery system in Japan and reviewing the local public hospital reform

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhang X

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Xing Zhang, Tatsuo Oyama National Graduate Institute for Policy Studies, Tokyo, Japan Abstract: Japan's health care system is considered one of the best health care systems in the world. Hospitals are one of the most important health care resources in Japan. As such, we investigate Japanese hospitals from various viewpoints, including their roles, ownership, regional distribution, and characteristics with respect to the number of beds, staff, doctors, and financial performance. Applying a multivariate analysis and regression model techniques, we show the functional differences between urban populated prefectures and remote ones; the equality gap among all prefectures with respect to the distribution of the number of beds, staff, and doctors; and managerial differences between private and public hospitals. We also review and evaluate the local public hospital reform executed in 2007 from various financial aspects related to the expenditure and revenue structure by comparing public and private hospitals. We show that the 2007 reform contributed to improving the financial situation of local public hospitals. Strategic differences between public and private hospitals with respect to their management and strategy to improve their financial situation are also quantitatively analyzed in detail. Finally, the remaining problems and the future strategy to further improve the Japanese health care system are described. Keywords: health care system, health care resource, public hospital, multivariate regression model, financial performance

  6. A simple photometric factor in perceived depth order of bistable transparency patterns.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fukiage, Taiki; Oishi, Takeshi; Ikeuchi, Katsushi

    2014-05-05

    Previous studies on perceptual transparency defined the photometric condition in which perceived depth ordering between two surfaces becomes ambiguous. Even under this bistable transparency condition, it is known that depth-order perceptions are often biased toward one specific interpretation (Beck, Prazdny, & Ivry, 1984; Delogu, Fedorov, Belardinelli, & van Leeuwen, 2010; Kitaoka, 2005; Oyama & Nakahara, 1960). In this study, we examined what determines the perceived depth ordering for bistable transparency patterns using stimuli that simulated two partially overlapping disks resulting in four regions: a (background), b (portion of right disk), p (portion of left disk), and q (shared region). In contrast to the previous theory that proposed contributions of contrast against the background region (i.e., contrast at contour b/a and contrast at contour p/a) to perceived depth order in bistable transparency patterns, the present study demonstrated that contrast against the background region has little influence on perceived depth order compared with contrast against the shared region (i.e., contrast at contour b/q and contrast at contour p/q). In addition, we found that the perceived depth ordering is well predicted by a simpler model that takes into consideration only relative size of lightness difference against the shared region. Specifically, the probability that the left disk is perceived as being in front is proportional to (|b - q| - |p - q|) / (|b - q| + |p - q|) calculated based on lightness.

  7. Studies on urokinase (UK) therapy of thromboembolic diseases

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wakayama, Ryuji; Satake, Kisaburo; Hisamatsu, Tokugoro; Fukase, Masaichi

    1974-01-01

    In order to determine the urokinase (UK) concentration in blood, a radioimmunoassay method was developed, in which a radioactive material labeled with 125 I-Na was used. In this method, the movement of UK in blood and the relationship between the UK concentration and fibrinolytic activity were studied with the following results: 1) The concentration of UK in normal human blood was found to be 6.84 +- 2.53 PKU early in the morning with an apparent daily rythmic fluctuation in concentration. 2) With an intravenous drip of 20,000 to 30,000 PKU, the UK concentration increased 6 to 8 PKU/ml above the early morning value, then in one to two hours it returned to the previous value once again. In some of the cases, a slight, transient decrease occurred. 3) Following the UK drip, UK concentration in the blood and fibrinolytic activity varied in a parallel fashion. Plasminogen and antiplasmin levels were not altered by administration of only 20,000 to 30,000 PKU of UK. Fibrinogen was lowered, but the fluctuation was within the physiological range. (S. Oyama)

  8. Clinical investigation of radioallergosorbent test (RAST)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Okuda, Minoru; Usami, Atsushi

    1974-01-01

    Relationship of radioallergosorbent test (RAST), intracutaneous reaction, serum IgE determination and RMCD (Rat Mast Cell Degranulation Test) in subjects with tick allergy was compared in order to investigate clinical application for nasal allergy. 1. RAST is suitable for clinical examinations as determination of IgE. Because it is simple in technique, a technical expert can treat many subjects within a short time, and the result can be decleared within 2 days. 2. RAST was high in specificity and was consistent with clinical findings. RAST positive was thought to be allergy by the antigen, but RAST negative could not deny allergy by the antigen. 3. Correlation of some degree was found to exist between RAST and intracutaneous reaction or degree of induced reaction or threshold value of antigen intracutaneous reaction. But degree of intracutaneous reaction and induced reaction and threshold value of intracutaneous reaction could not be determined from the result of RAST. 4. Determination of IgE antibody by RAST was more useful in clinical study than that of IgE or IgE antibody by RMCD. (Oyama, S.)

  9. Scaffolded biology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minelli, Alessandro

    2016-09-01

    Descriptions and interpretations of the natural world are dominated by dichotomies such as organism vs. environment, nature vs. nurture, genetic vs. epigenetic, but in the last couple of decades strong dissatisfaction with those partitions has been repeatedly voiced and a number of alternative perspectives have been suggested, from perspectives such as Dawkins' extended phenotype, Turner's extended organism, Oyama's Developmental Systems Theory and Odling-Smee's niche construction theory. Last in time is the description of biological phenomena in terms of hybrids between an organism (scaffolded system) and a living or non-living scaffold, forming unit systems to study processes such as reproduction and development. As scaffold, eventually, we can define any resource used by the biological system, especially in development and reproduction, without incorporating it as happens in the case of resources fueling metabolism. Addressing biological systems as functionally scaffolded systems may help pointing to functional relationships that can impart temporal marking to the developmental process and thus explain its irreversibility; revisiting the boundary between development and metabolism and also regeneration phenomena, by suggesting a conceptual framework within which to investigate phenomena of regular hypermorphic regeneration such as characteristic of deer antlers; fixing a periodization of development in terms of the times at which a scaffolding relationship begins or is terminated; and promoting plant galls to legitimate study objects of developmental biology.

  10. Study on iron metabolism in children using double labelling of 51Cr and 59Fe

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kobayashi, Masatsura

    1974-01-01

    In the children before and after treatment for iron deficiency anemia and those on ingesting a long-term low caloric and iron diet, life span of Ashby Technique 1/2(AST) red cells, circulatory blood volume (CBV), plasma iron disappearance(PID), red cell-iron utility(RCIU), plasma-iron turnover rate(PITR), and red cell-ironturnover rate(RCITR) were respectively determined using double labeling of 51 Cr and 59 Fe, and the following results and conclusions were obtained: In the patients with iron deficiency anemia, the rate of RCIU was highly increased, and simultaneously the shortening in AST was observed. Among the children with the iron deficiency anemia, five patients were examined immediately after the improvement on the anemia by iron drugs; the serum iron (SFe) averaged 74μg/ml. So the erthropiesis appeared to recover to normal, yet AST has hardly changed, still more has it shortened. In five children with celebral palsy associated with disturbance of physical development, who had ingested a long-term liquid low iron diet no evident increase of RCIU was found except for high calues of RCITR. The shortening in AST was not entirely seen in contrast with that of the simple alimentary iron deficiency anemia. Besides the CBV measured par kg of weight showed the remarkable increase. (Oyama, S.)

  11. High frequency and large deposition of acid fog on high elevation forest.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igawa, Manabu; Matsumura, Ko; Okochi, Hiroshi

    2002-01-01

    We have collected and analyzed fogwater on the mountainside of Mt. Oyama (1252 m) in the Tanzawa Mountains of Japan and observed the fog event frequency from the base of the mountain with a video camera. The fog event frequency increased with elevation and was observed to be present 46% of the year at the summit. The water deposition via throughfall increased with elevation because of the increase in fogwater interception and was about twice that via rain at the summit, where the air pollutant deposition via throughfall was several times that via rainwater. The dry deposition and the deposition via fogwater were dominant factors in the total ion deposition at high elevation sites. In a fog event, nitric acid, the major acid component on the mountain, is formed during the transport of the air mass from the base of the mountain along the mountainside, where gases including nitric acid deposit and are scavenged by fogwater. Therefore, high acidity caused by nitric acid and relatively low ion strength are observed in the fogwater at high elevation sites.

  12. Sacred Prelude, Op.1 [String Quintet version

    OpenAIRE

    Little, Jonathan D.

    2006-01-01

    A natural rubato is felt throughout this haunting, single-movement, chamber work for string quintet. Its much darker than usual instrumentation sees two violas and two cellos set against only one violin (which sometimes, like a single voice, soars high above the texture). The sound is reminiscent of that of ancient church music. Written in the stile antico, it opens with a “Plainsong”, then comes the main central “Anthem”. There is a brief reprise of the opening theme, before the work closes ...

  13. A PROBLEMÁTICA DA BIOPIRATARIA: REFLEXÕES A PARTIR DA GEOPOLÍTICA E DOS DIREITOS DA SOCIOBIODIVERSIDADE

    OpenAIRE

    Nunes, Denise Silva; UFSM; Tybusch, Jerônimo Siqueira; UFSM

    2013-01-01

    O bioimperialismo configura-se como uma característica da geopolítica da atualidade, com alicerces nas estruturas da globalização e do capitalismo. Nesse contexto, a problemática da pesquisa consiste na violação dos direitos dos povos locais e a exploração do meio ambiente, em que o atual sistema internacional de propriedade intelectual contribui para a biopirataria dos recursos naturais, por meio da infiltração, em áreas ricas em diversidade biológica, das grandes corporações, multinacionais...

  14. Critical factors besides treatment dose and duration need to be controlled in Pb toxicity tests in plant cell suspension cultures

    OpenAIRE

    Klaudia Sychta; Janusz Szklarzewicz; Aneta Słomka; Ewa Gregoraszczuk; Elżbieta Kuta

    2017-01-01

    The study was designed to determine the proper conditions for suspension culture of Viola tricolor cells in toxicity studies of Pb at different concentrations (0, 200, 500, 1000, 2000 µM) and exposure times (24, 48, 72 h). By forming insoluble salts with ions from the medium, lead (II) nitrate added to the medium decreased the initial 5.7–5.8 pH of the medium, depending on the Pb salt concentration and light intensity. In alamarBlue assays, we found no dose- or time-dependent effect of Pb...

  15. Fungos associados a sementes e plantas ornamentais herbáceas no Distrito Federal

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto, Sarah da Silva

    2009-01-01

    Estudou-se a microflora fúngica de sementes de nove espécies de plantas ornamentais herbáceas (Dahlia pinnata, Petunia x hybrida, Phlox drummondii, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Salvia splendens, Tagetes patula, Viola tricolor e Zinnia elegans). Foram analisadas 13 amostras de sementes, sendo 5 delas estavam com data de validade vencida (P. drummondii, R. hirta, T. patula lote nº1, T. patula lote nº 2 e Z. elegans). Além disso, realizou-se o levantamento de fungos em mudas e plantas em f...

  16. LA PROYECCIÓN FEMENINA DE LA PEDAGOGÍA MUSICAL RUSA EN AMÉRICA LATINA: TRADICIÓN Y CREATIVIDAD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mara Lioba Juan Carvajal

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The Russian pedagogy leaves its traces of extraordinary value in the cultural development of the Americas. The methodology and experience transmitted to organize the teaching and artistic activity show indisputable results. This work recognizes the practical experience of teaching violin and viola, resulting from the migration of Russian pedagogues which have formed instrumentalists in Cuba and Mexico. From the methodological viewpoint a guiding thread arises focused on my teaching experience and artistic exchange with Russian artists-pedagogues who have dedicated their lives to music: the professors VieraBorisova, Natalia Gvozdetskaya; GuelaDubrova; Tatiana Kotcherguina and Maria Vdovina.

  17. IMPACT OF TRIBE TRITICEAE VARIETIES ON STRUCTURE AND COMPETITIVENESS OF SEGETAL GROUP

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Z. Moskalets

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available We studied the influence of varieties of tribe Triticeae (Soft Wheat, Winter Rye and Winter Triticale on the structure and competitiveness of segetal vegetation. It is shown that in the conditions of Polissya, Forest-Steppe Polissya, and Forest-Steppe ecotopes the coenotic composition of plant communities was represented mostly by annual plants and at some extent by hemycryptophytes, cryptophytes, and geophytes. The dominant weed associations of Polissya are: Erodium-Neslia; Chenopodiu-Sonchus; Galium-Setaria; Elytrigia-Convolvulus; Apera-Polygonum and Apera-Convolvulus; Polissia-steppe: Viola-Capsella; Matricaria-Galium; Elytrigia-Galeopsis; Chenopodiu-Sonchus; Thlaspi-Euphorbia; Forest-Steppe: Elytrigia-Viola; Matricaria-Taraxacum; Consolida-Convolvulus; Cirsium-Taraxacum; Galium-Stellaria; Thlaspi-Plantago, Linaria-Conyza. In terms of the Central Forest-Steppe and Eastern Polisya the medium-grown and medium ripe Wheat (Yuvivata 60 and Poliska 90, Rye (Borotba, Triticale (Slavetne, Slavetne Polipshene. and AD 256 is the most competitive towards segetal vegetation than other medium-grown and semi-dwarf varieties of such cultures. The introduction of Triticale and Rye in the structure of sown areas are an effective biological control towards segetal vegetation, particularly perennial weeds. We revealed that increasing doses of fertilizers on crops of the tribe Triticeae stimulates the growth of weeds, but the specific weight per unit area does not always correlate with density concerning cultural species. We registered the dominant competitive weeds associations in winter crops, regardless of grade, but their differentiation by population strategy and specific weight per unit area depends on the type and conditions of the specific ecotypes. We selected some six associations for the Polissya: Erodium-Neslia; Chenopodiu-Sonchus; Galium-Setaria; Elytrigia-Convolvulus; Apera-Polygonum and Apera-Convolvulus; five for Polissya Steppe

  18. Ela, Zefinha – o nome do abandono

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debora Diniz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoZefinha é a mais longa habitante mulher de um manicômio judiciário no Brasil. Há 39 anos vive em regime de prisão terapêutica por medida de segurança. Este artigo discute como o dever do anonimato pode ser suspenso quando a pesquisa é testemunho único de grave violação de direitos humanos. Minha tese é de que há casos em que nomear é proteger os interesses e os direitos das pessoas envolvidas nas pesquisas.

  19. Sistema prisional e direitos humanos

    OpenAIRE

    Mendes, André Pacheco Teixeira

    2015-01-01

    O volume 4 da Série Clínicas dos Cadernos FGV DIREITO RIO traz quatro trabalhos originais relacionados ao tema do Sistema Prisional e Direitos Humanos. A obra contempla pareceres jurídicos sobre violações aos direitos dos presos nas unidades prisionais do estado do Rio de Janeiro, tendo por objeto: (i) emprego ilegal de laxante em custodiados e visitantes suspeitos de carregarem drogas; (ii) falta de água própria para o consumo humano; (iii) restrição ao banho de sol; e (iv) condições inadequ...

  20. Estruturação de acervos imagéticos e acesso à informação : estudo de instituições de memória no Chile e Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Di Pietro, Laila Figueiredo

    2014-01-01

    A preservação da memória, além de um direito humano, é uma obrigação da própria sociedade, que deve se estruturar para organizar e conservar os acervos documentais que garantem esse processo. O documento fotográfico é representativo e possui valor testemunhal. A massa de fotografias sobre as épocas de repressão nos diversos países da América do Sul se constitui como importante elemento de prova de violações dos direitos humanos e condutas de regimes militares, contribuindo para novas narrativ...

  1. The analysis of predictability of recent alpha decay formulae and the alpha partial half-lives of some exotic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dasgupta-Schubert, N.; Reyes, M. A.; Tamez, V. A.

    2009-01-01

    Alpha decay is one of the two main decay modes of the heaviest nuclei, (SHE), and constitutes one of the dominant decay modes of highly neutron deficient medium mass nuclei ('exotics'). Thus identifying and characterizing the alpha decay chains form a crucial part of the identification of SHE. We report the extension of the previously developed method for the detailed and systematic investigation of the reliability of the three main extant analytical formulae of alpha decay half-lives: the generalized liquid drop model based formula of Royer et al. (FR), the Sobiczewski modified semi-empirical Viola-Seaborg formula (VSS) and the recent phenomenological formula of Sobiczewski and Parkhomenko (SP).

  2. La mutilación genital femenina abordada desde una perspectiva educativa

    OpenAIRE

    Bueno Tomillo, María

    2015-01-01

    La Mutilación Genital Femenina es una práctica la cual viola los Derechos Humanos y es una violencia ejercida contra la propia mujer, contra su propio cuerpo. A la vez es una tradición que está realmente arraigada por parte de muchísimas comunidades en el mundo y tiene unas consecuencias realmente graves. Vivimos en una sociedad multicultural en la cual es importante tener en cuenta la diversidad de maneras de entender la vida y con ello que los profesionales del ámbito socio - educativo ...

  3. Decidir é (im) preciso

    OpenAIRE

    Cintra, Ana Lúcia

    2015-01-01

    Tese (doutorado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Filosofia e Ciências Humanas, Programa de Pós-graduação em Psicologia, Florianópolis, 2015. A atenção à infância e adolescência tem como elemento organizador o Sistema de Garantia de Direitos da Criança e do Adolescente (SGD). Em casos específicos de violação de direitos, crianças e adolescentes são afastados dos locais em que vivem para serem abrigados em instituições (serviços de acolhimento). Este estudo problematiza s...

  4. Kiriku ülestõstmisest / Veronika Valk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Valk, Veronika, 1976-

    2011-01-01

    Kiriku korrastamiseks ja tööshoidmiseks napib tihti raha. Eesti luteri kogudused vajavad abi. Uutest kirikukelladest Eestis, kellamängudest. Näiteid nüüdiskunstist mahajäetud kirikutes. Melbourne´i festivali raames 2010. a. näitas Bill Viola oma videokunsti Parkville´i St. Carthage´i katoliku kirikus. Londonis 2006. a. Michael Crossi kirikusse loodud teosest "Bridge". Briti kunstnike Heather Ackroydi ja Dan Harvey poolt Dilston Grove'i kirikusse Londonis 2003. a. loodud vertikaalse murukasvatuse projektist

  5. “Não é propriamente um crime”: considerações sobre pirataria e consumo de música digital

    OpenAIRE

    Castro, Gisela; ESPM

    2008-01-01

    Esse trabalho pretende discutir a delicada questão dos direitos autorais na esteira das transformações nas práticas de circulação e consumo de música. Levantamento feito com universitários paulistanos confirma hipótese inicial de que, apesar das campanhas movidas pela indústria fonográfica que visam criminalizar o download gratuito, esta continua sendo prática corriqueira entre esses jovens e que considerações sobre possível violação de direitos autorais são postas em segundo plano. Dos in...

  6. Modelagem e análise de especificações de sistemas de tempo-real críticos com restrições de energia

    OpenAIRE

    ANDRADE, Ermeson Carneiro de

    2009-01-01

    Análise de requisitos é uma tarefa crítica em qualquer projeto de Sistema Embarcado de Tempo-Real (ERTS). Normalmente, esses sistemas possuem restrições severas de tempo que precisam ser satisfeitas para o correto funcionamento, visto que violações podem ser catastróficas, tais como perdas de vidas ou grande quantias de recursos financeiros. Além disso, existem sistemas onde energia é outra restri»c~ao que também precisa ser satisfeita. Assim, a descoberta precoce dos potenciai...

  7. Significados de violência na infância por profissionais da Estratégia Saúde da Família

    OpenAIRE

    ZANELATTO, Priscila França

    2010-01-01

    Nos contextos mundial e brasileiro, o perfil de mortalidade para a faixa etária de 5 a 19 anos, caracteriza-se pela alta incidência de mortes por causas externas (violência e acidentes). A violência intrafamiliar contra a criança, considerada como uma causa externa e a mais frequente forma de violência infantil, é uma habitual e grave violação de direitos, por negar-lhes a liberdade, a dignidade, o respeito e a oportunidade de crescer e se desenvolver em condições saudáveis. O objetivo geral ...

  8. A Corte Internacional de Justiça e o imbróglio balcânico.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    SUFYAN DROUBI

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A presente análise tem como foco os impactos políticos e jurídicos que a recente condenação da Sérvia pela Corte Internacional de Justiça pela violação da Convenção para a Prevenção e a Repressão do Crime de Genocídio, devido a não prevenção contra o genocídio de Srebenica, ainda em tempos da antiga República Federal da Iuguslávia.

  9. Fungi on seeds of ornamentals

    OpenAIRE

    Barreto, Sarah da Silva; Rezende, Denise Vilela de; Blum, Luiz Eduardo Bassay

    2011-01-01

    Estudou-se a ocorrência de fungos em sementes de nove espécies de plantas ornamentais herbáceas (Dahlia pinnata, Petunia x hybrida, Phlox drummondii, Rudbeckia hirta, Salvia farinacea, Salvia splendens, Tagetes patula, Viola tricolor e Zinnia elegans) costumeiramente plantadas no Distrito Federal. O método de detecção utilizado foi o de papel de filtro (“blotter-test”), sendo que uma subamostra, de 100 sementes, de cada espécie foi submetida a assepsia com álcool 70% e hipoclorito de sódio 1%...

  10. A TUTELA PENAL DO MEIO AMBIENTE E SUA (INCOMPATIBILIDADE COM A INTERVENÇÃO MÍNIMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jamille Clara Alves Adamczyk

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Considerando que o Direito Penal deve atuar como última via e para tutelar os bens jurídicos mais relevantes, propõe-se a analisar se a imputação da responsabilidade penal ambiental iria de encontro com a premissa da intervenção mínima. Assim, tem-se como objetivo do presente estudo analisar se a responsabilização penal no âmbito do direito ambiental viola o princípio da intervenção mínima.

  11. New data on alien vascular plants in Republic of Buryatia

    OpenAIRE

    Sutkin, A. V.; Martusova, E. G.; Krasnopevtseva, A. S.; Krasnopevtseva, V. M.

    2016-01-01

    The information about the new locations of Sinapis alba L., Hesperis pycnotricha Borbas et Degen, Armoracia rusticana Gaertn., Mey. et Scherb., Fragaria moschata (Duchesne) Weston., Rosa rugosa Thunb., Impatiens parviflora DC., Viola tricolor L. on the territory of Republic of Buryatia is given. Names of alien plant species are given in accordance with “Check-list of the flora of Asian Russia: Vascular plants” (Konspekt flory..., 2012). The herbarium specimens are transferred in the herbaria ...

  12. Aportació al coneixement florístic del territori auso-segàrric oriental i rodalies

    OpenAIRE

    Mercadé López, Arnau

    2009-01-01

    Presentem dades d’interès corològic de 42 tàxons del Moianès, el Lluçanès i zones properes. Es tracta d’espècies no citades anteriorment d’aquesta àrea i moltes d’elles noves per al territori auso-segàrric. Com a elements més notables, destaquen el conjunt de tàxons eurosiberians i muntanyencs que assoleixen posicions meridionals extremes en aquest territori (Carduus crispus L., Euphorbia dulcis subsp. angulata (Jacq.) Rouy, Melica nutans L. o Viola mirabilis L.) i un conjunt de plantes consi...

  13. Feature extraction & image processing for computer vision

    CERN Document Server

    Nixon, Mark

    2012-01-01

    This book is an essential guide to the implementation of image processing and computer vision techniques, with tutorial introductions and sample code in Matlab. Algorithms are presented and fully explained to enable complete understanding of the methods and techniques demonstrated. As one reviewer noted, ""The main strength of the proposed book is the exemplar code of the algorithms."" Fully updated with the latest developments in feature extraction, including expanded tutorials and new techniques, this new edition contains extensive new material on Haar wavelets, Viola-Jones, bilateral filt

  14. O MEMORIAL CONSTITUCIONAL E A QUESTÃO INDÍGENA NO BRASIL / THE MEMORIAL CONSTITUTIONAL AND INDIGENOUS ISSUES IN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guilherme Camargo Massaú

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Após um século de constitucionalismo, o Estado brasileiro, a partir da Constituição Federal de 1988, reconhece a importância da cultura indígena, estabelecendo em capítulo específico os direitos e as garantias próprias dos povos indígenas. Constata-se, historicamente, o “esquecimento” ou desprezo do “civilizador” em relação a esses povos, que somente em 1988 obtiveram o reconhecimento constitucional à dignidade dos descendentes dos primeiros habitantes do território brasileiro. Com isso, o objetivo do artigo consistiu em destacar que, embora a Constituição de 1988 tenha dado um salto considerável no tratamento do tema, o Estado, pressionado por interesses econômicos e políticos, continua incorrendo em atos que violam as normas da Constituição no que se refere aos povos indígenas. Para a obtenção da conclusão, utilizou-se o método expositivo, com a finalidade de expor a estrutura teórico-constitucional, e o descritivo, para indicar os fatos sociais que indicam a violação que tem ocorrido no que concerne aos direitos dos povos indígenas. Posteriormente, cotejou-se a teoria constitucional com a dos fatos correntes e foram constatadas violações de normas constitucionais após o reconhecimento da dignidade indígena, em 1988. Nesse sentido, o problema, atualmente, não está no reconhecimento dos direitos dos povos indígenas, mas, sobretudo, em fazê-los realidades sociais. Também se conclui que tais violações são impulsionadas pelo interesse econômico, principalmente pela cobiça das terras povoadas pelos diversos povos indígenas. Palavras-chave: Constituição Federal de 1988.  Direitos Fundamentais. Índio. Memória. Violações.

  15. Políticas de mejoramiento de la calidad de la educación básica en los países andinos: análisis comparado de Venezuela, Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador y Perú.

    OpenAIRE

    Lita Romero, Daysi Maribel

    2014-01-01

    Lograr una calidad educativa implica, no sólo ocuparse por la parte de infraestructura, cantidad de docentes, o dotación de material pedagógico, sino más bien, involucra una adecuada optimización de los recursos financieros y un acompañamiento de un marco regulatorio que establezca responsabilidades, control y seguimiento de cada acción tomada en el sistema. Por lo anteriormente señalado, se viola necesidad de realizar una investigación que recopile información sobre las principales políticas...

  16. Leituras de Camilo Pessanha por estudantes chineses

    OpenAIRE

    Nobre, Cristina

    2017-01-01

    A comunicação Leituras de Camilo Pessanha por estudantes chineses parte das interpretações de poemas de Pessanha feitas por alunos dos cursos de Tradução e Interpretação Português-Chinês – Chinês-Português, Língua Portuguesa Aplicada e Língua e Cultura Portuguesas, da ESECS do IPL, durante os anos letivos de 2014-15 e 2015-16, para chegar a algumas caraterísticas culturais orientais da poesia de Clepsidra. Os poemas selecionados pelos estudantes foram: Viola chinesa; Branco e Vermelho; Ao lon...

  17. Violência intrafamiliar: um estudo com mães agressoras usuárias de álcool e drogas

    OpenAIRE

    Daniela Borges Bittar

    2010-01-01

    A violência é considerada, mundialmente, violação de direitos, embora com expressões variadas em diferentes contextos. Não bastam para seu controle apenas apelos aos sensos de responsabilidade ética e social dos indivíduos. Trata-se, antes, da redefinição desses sensos, do ponto de vista moral e legal. Historicamente, a violência atinge todos os setores da sociedade, sendo um fenômeno multideterminado. Compreender os determinantes da violência é um dos importantes passos, na saúde pública, pa...

  18. Indemnización de perjuicios a los afectados por acuerdos de cartel y las investigaciones por violación al régimen de competencia: concurrencia de acciones civiles y administrativas

    OpenAIRE

    López Corzo, Juan Fernando

    2017-01-01

    El régimen jurídico de la competencia y en especial, la regulación sobre conductas anticompetitivas afronta la dualidad de penalizar la conducta y el resarcimiento de los afectados. Es claro que el mayor beneficiado de la competencia en el mercado es el consumidor, y el mayor afectado cuando se viola dicho régimen. Las investigaciones para su penalización son realizadas por la SIC como autoridad residual, pero no tiene la capacidad de resarcir a los afectados, la cual debe ser llevada ante la...

  19. On the irrationality measure for a q-analogue of \\zeta(2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zudilin, W. V.

    2002-08-01

    A Liouville-type estimate is proved for the irrationality measure of the quantities \\displaystyle \\zeta_q(2)=\\sum_{n=1}^\\infty\\frac{q^n}{(1-q^n)^2}with q^{-1}\\in\\mathbb Z\\setminus\\{0,\\pm1\\}. The proof is based on the application of a q-analogue of the arithmetic method developed by Chudnovsky, Rukhadze, and Hata and of the transformation group for hypergeometric series-the group-structure approach introduced by Rhin and Viola.

  20. Memória e Clínica: Testemunho e Reparação

    OpenAIRE

    Brasil, Vera Vital; Comissão de Direitos Humanos do Conselho Federal de Psicologia

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo pretende destacar efeitos de produção de subjetividade a partir da violência institucionalizada pelo golpe civil militar e apontar sua permanência  nos dias atuais. Considerando a tortura como um dos principais estratégias das práticas repressivas do Estado Brasileiro, se dará destaque ao dano psicológico e social das violações cometidas em conexão com os efeitos de silenciamento sobre os acontecimentos. Levando em conta a importância da reparação do dano psicológico e social dest...

  1. ЕКОЛОГІЧНИЙ РИЗИК НА РІЗНИХ РІВНЯХ ДОСЛІДЖЕННЯ ПРИРОДНО-ТЕХНОГЕННИХ СИСТЕМ, ІНФОРМАЦІЙНЕ ЗАБЕЗПЕЧЕННЯ ЙОГО ОЦІНКИ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    КОЗУЛЯ Тетяна Володимирівна

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available The article provides the system of complex estimation of natural-anthropogenic systems taking into account the risk of negative viola-tions in the social, economic and ecological system, the information system concerning the problem of the possible risk determination is developed, as the basis of determination of reasonable measures for prevention and de-crease of the risk for environment. The given algorithmic support allows identifying negative factors disturbing the homeostasis of man-made complexes, and provides complex ecological quality assessment of man-made objects.

  2. Hardronic Festival 2015

    CERN Multimedia

    Stefania Pandolfi

    2015-01-01

    On 8 August, the Hardronic Festival took place on the terrace of Restaurant 3 in Prévessin. Ten bands from the CERN MusiClub played an assortment of excellent music in a non-stop show that lasted until the early hours. Hundreds of people gathered by the stage, favouring the Hardronic rhythms over the bangs and crackles of the Fête de Genève fireworks.   - See full-size images - Photos: Viola Krebs (ICVs.org)

  3. Manifestações de violência no cotidiano de mulheres cadeirantes: um olhar inovador para a Enfermagem

    OpenAIRE

    Valéria Aliprandi Lucido

    2014-01-01

    O objeto deste estudo trata das manifestações de violência no cotidiano das mulheres cadeirantes. Ao reportarmos este fenômeno para Pessoas com Deficiência (PcD) faz-se necessário considerar uma sociedade segregante que valoriza o belo e que atravessa um processo de transformação para a aceitação da diversidade. Compreende-se que estruturas sociais vulnerabilizantes, isolamento, preconceito e violação de direitos aumentam a vulnerabilidade deste grupo e podem deflagrar situações de violência....

  4. Literatura negra: uma poética de nossa afro-brasilidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Conceição Evaristo

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo pretende trazer algumas reflexões sobre o ato de fazer, pensar e veicular o texto literário negro. Considera a invenção, pelos brasileiros descendentes de africanos, de formas de resistência à violação e à interdição do negro, impostas pelo sistema escravocrata do passado e pelos modos de relações raciais que vigoram em nossa sociedade, realçando as marcas profundas que essas formas de resistência imprimem na nação brasileira.Palavras-Chave: Literatura afro-brasileira; Literatura negra; Literatura negra feminina.

  5. A emergência da responsabilidade criminal individual no Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos

    OpenAIRE

    Lima,Raquel da Cruz

    2012-01-01

    Este artigo analisa a emergência e difusão da regra da responsabilidade criminal individual por violações de direitos humanos a partir da jurisprudência contenciosa da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos. Tendo como referência as pesquisas de Kathryn Sikkink sobre justiça de transição, procura-se identificar a maneira como o Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos vem expandindo o sentido da responsabilidade criminal individual e também sugerir a incompatibilidade com a proteção dos d...

  6. Contestação de normas e ameaça à paz e à segurança regional e internacional: a facilidade excessiva de acesso a armas Norm contestation and threat to regional and international peace and security: excessive ease of access to arms

    OpenAIRE

    Denise Garcia

    2011-01-01

    A facilidade de acesso a armas, pelos governos e atores não governamentais afins, exacerba os conflitos, destrói os acordos de paz frágeis e facilita a perpetração de violações dos direitos humanos e crimes hediondos contra a humanidade. Agravando isso, o comércio de armas está fora do alcance do direito internacional, ou seja, não existe um tratado global internacional juridicamente vinculativo que regulamente todos os aspectos da transferência de armas. A prática de transferência de armas p...

  7. Effect of simplified tillage and mineral fertilization on weed infestation of potato growing on loess soil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karol Bujak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In the paper effect of limitation of postharvest measure to single cultivating or disking of soil and mineral fertilization level on number, air-dry matter and botanical composition of weeds in the potato-field is presented. Simplifield postharvest measure was increasing insignificantly and more intensive fertilization was limiting the weed infestation of potato-field. Decteasing of weeds number increasing fertilization was ststistically significant. Dominating species of weeds in the potato-field were Capsella bursa-pastoris, Poa annua, Viola arvensis, Chenopodium album, Elymus repens i Equisetum arvense.

  8. Perspectivas de análise da obra 1984 de George Orwell sob a ótica dos direitos fundamentais de terceira geração

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francieli Puntel Raminelli

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available O Direito pode apresentar muitas similitudes com obras literárias que retratam a sociedade, ainda que estas sejam fictícias. É o caso do livro 1984, de George Orwell, que apresenta uma sociedade extremamente opressora, em que o ser humano é apenas algo a ser controlado pelo Estado. Neste contexto, direitos humanos fundamentais não somente sofrem violações: eles sequer são reconhecidos. Por este motivo, os objetivos deste artigo são apresentar os direitos humanos fundamentais de terceira geração, nos quais se inserem os “novos direitos”, relacionando-os àquela sociedade apresentada por Orwell. Para tanto, utilizou-se do método de abordagem dedutivo e, para o procedimento, dos métodos histórico e comparativo. Conclui-se que, se a obra ficcional apresenta um cenário absolutamente chocante em termos de violação de direitos de terceira geração.

  9. Um Processador Rápido de Corte em Momento Transverso para o Trigger da Experiência CP-LEAR

    CERN Document Server

    Machado, Emanuel Tito Mendes

    Neste trabalho pretendemos mostrar alguns aspectos importantes no desenho de instrumentação para sistemas de selecção de eventos (trigger), que se revelaram importantes no desenho do sistema de trigger de CP–LEAR. Para isso, fazemos um zoom progressivo sobre a experiência. Começamos por mostrar o que são sistemas de trigger, quais as suas propriedades e diversidade, e que tipos de sistemas são usados e em que circunstâncias. É também feito um apanhado do state of the art dos diversos componentes e soluções utilizadas para a resolução dos problemas típicos destes sistemas. A seguir, apresentamos CP–LEAR, descrevendo a física em que se apoia o seu método. Aqui introduzimos o conceito de simetrias, e em que circunstâncias podemos falar de violação de simetria. Seguidamente, introduzimos o sistema de kaões neutros, apresentamos o fenómeno de violação CP, e descrevemos o método de CP–LEAR utilizado para o seu estudo. Depois de apresentar o detector utilizado na experiência, começa...

  10. The moment segmentation analysis of heart sound pattern.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yan, Zhonghong; Jiang, Zhongwei; Miyamoto, Ayaho; Wei, Yunlong

    2010-05-01

    This paper presents two new ideas. The first one is to apply the Viola integral waveform method to analyze the heart sounds recorded by an electric stethoscope, and the multi-scale moment analysis is proposed to locate each cycle of heart sounds. A fast algorithm for calculating characteristic waveform (CW) and characteristic moment waveform (CMW) of heart sound can be expressed by the Viola integral method, and their calculation time has nothing to do with their scales. The second idea is easier to segment the heart sound based on its approximate cyclical characteristic than the ordinary methods. Each heart sound cycle can be quickly found by CMW's Local Extreme Points (LEPs). Based on the information of LEPs and CW, a high accurate search algorithm to segment S1 and S2 sounds is submitted. By numerical experiments, the important parameters of time scale delta=0.05s for CW and l=0.45s for CMW are obtained and validated for segmentation of heart sound. More exact segmentation boundaries of the heart sound signal could be located fast in an automated way, and a further performance analysis is presented. Owing to the use of the rhythm of CMW curves, the proposed method not only gives a higher success segmentation rate, but also it is actually simpler and faster than the wavelet method. Crown Copyright (c) 2009. Published by Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. Synchronization and leadership in string quartet performance: a case study of auditory and visual cues

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renee eTimmers

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Temporal coordination between members of a string quartet was investigated across repeated performances of an excerpt of Haydn’s string quartet in G Major, Op. 77 No. 1. Cross-correlations between interbeat intervals of performances at different lags showed a unidirectional dependence of Viola on Violin I, and of Violin I on Cello. Bidirectional dependence was observed for the relationships between Violin II and Cello and Violin II and Viola. Own-reported dependencies after the performances reflected these measured dependencies more closely than dependencies of players reported by the other players, which instead showed more typical leader-follower patterns in which Violin I leads. On the other hand, primary leadership from Violin I was observed in an analysis of the bow speed characteristics preceding the first tone onset. The anticipatory movement of Violin I set the tempo of the excerpt. Taken together the results show a more complex and differentiated pattern of dependencies than expected from a traditional role division of leadership suggesting several avenues for further research.

  12. Synchronization and leadership in string quartet performance: a case study of auditory and visual cues

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmers, Renee; Endo, Satoshi; Bradbury, Adrian; Wing, Alan M.

    2014-01-01

    Temporal coordination between members of a string quartet was investigated across repeated performances of an excerpt of Haydn’s string quartet in G Major, Op. 77 No. 1. Cross-correlations between interbeat intervals of performances at different lags showed a unidirectional dependence of Viola on Violin I, and of Violin I on Cello. Bidirectional dependence was observed for the relationships between Violin II and Cello and Violin II and Viola. Own-reported dependencies after the performances reflected these measured dependencies more closely than dependencies of players reported by the other players, which instead showed more typical leader–follower patterns in which Violin I leads. On the other hand, primary leadership from Violin I was observed in an analysis of the bow speed characteristics preceding the first tone onset. The anticipatory movement of Violin I set the tempo of the excerpt. Taken together the results show a more complex and differentiated pattern of dependencies than expected from a traditional role division of leadership suggesting several avenues for further research. PMID:25002856

  13. Direitos Humanos e gênero no cenário da migração e do tráfico internacional de pessoas Human Rights and gender in the scenario of migration and international trafficking in persons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto apresenta algumas observações sobre as violações de direitos humanos que têm lugar na migração internacional e no tráfico de pessoas a partir dos relatos de mulheres migrantes abordadas pela equipe do Posto de Atendimento Humanizado aos/às Migrantes, no aeroporto internacional de Guarulhos. A apresentação desses casos mostra a violação de direitos nesse contexto e a importância de se discutir o enfrentamento ao Tráfico de Pessoas a partir de uma perspectiva de gênero e Direitos Humanos.This paper presents some comments about violations of human rights taking place in international migration and human trafficking from the reports of migrant women gathered by the team of the Posto de Atendimento Humanizado aos/às Migrantes, in the International Airport of Guarulhos. The presentation of these cases shows the violation of rights in that context and the importance of discussing the confrontation with Trafficking in Persons from a perspective of gender and Human Rights.

  14. Studying and significance of instructing environment about heavy elements of plants by XRF in Zhongshan iron mine, Anhui province

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Shen Xiansheng; Sun Hao; Kang Shixiu; Wu Ziqin; Huang Yuying

    2002-01-01

    By means of SR X-ray fluorescence, the authors have studied the heavy elements in leaves for 8 species of plants in Zhongshan mine, Anhui province. These plants are Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum, Polygonum cuspidatum, Rumex acetosa, Medicago hispida, Viola yedoensis, Eupatorium japonicum, Erigeron annuus and Taraxacum mongolicum. The results of experiments are that the content of Fe element in Eupatorium japonicum is the highest, and the lowest one is in Taraxacum mongolicum. The sequence of the abundance of Fe element from high to low is Eupatorium japonicum, Rumex acetosa, Medicago hispida, Polygonum cuspidatum, Pteridium aquilinum var. latiusculum, Viola yedoensis, Erigeron annuus and Taraxacum mongolicum. The content of K element in young leaf of Rumex acetosa is about 7 times, and the one of Fe element is 1.5 times, respectively, as high as that in functional leaf. The contents of Fe element of Medicago hispida and Taraxacum mongolicum in iron mine region are 5 times and about 7 times, respectively, as high as that in non-mine region

  15. EXPERIMENTAL STUDY ON LIP AND SMILE DETECTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryuanto Sutedjo

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a lip and smile detection method based-on the normalized RGB chromaticity diagram. The method employs the popular Viola-Jones detection method to detect the face. To avoid the false positive, the eye detector is introduced in the detection stage. Only the face candidates with the detected eyes are considered as the face. Once the face is detected, the lip region is localized using the simple geometric rule. Further, the the red color thresholding based-on the normalized RGB chromaticity diagram is proposed to extract the lip. The projection technique is employed for detecting the smile state. From the experiment results, the proposed method achieves the lip detection rate of 97% and the smile detection rate of 94%. Paper ini menyajikan medote pendeteksi bibir dan senyum berdasarkan diagram tingkat kromatis RGB ternormalisasi. Metode ini menggunakan metode Viola-Jones yang populer untuk mendeteksi wajah. Untuk menghindari kesalahan positif, detektor mata diperkenalkan pada tahapan deteksi. Hanya kandidat wajah dengan mata yang telah terdeteksi yang dianggap sebagai wajah. Setelah wajah dideteksi, bagian bibir ditempatkan dengan menggunakan aturan geometris sederhana. Selanjutnya, batasan warna merah berdasarkan pada diagram kromatisitas RGB ternormalisasi digunakan untuk mengekstrak bibir. Teknik proyeksi digunakan untuk mendeteksi keadaan tersenyum. Dari hasil percobaan, metode yang diusulkan mencapai 97% untuk tingkat deteksi bibir dan 94% untuk tingkat deteksi senyum.

  16. O processamento do numeral reduplicado sohoji-sohoji em Karajá: uma averiguação de ERP durante a compreensão de sentenças

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiane Oliveira da Silva

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo averiguar o processamento do numeral distributivo sohoji-sohoji, formado pela reduplicação do numeral um em Karajá, sob uma perspectiva transdisciplinar aproximando os campos da linguística teórica e da neurobiologia. O experimento de neurociência da linguagem contribui para elucidar a complexidade do processamento de sentenças com sohoji-sohoji quando pareado com diferentes cenários quantitativos. Utiliza-se a técnica de extração de ERP (potenciais bioelétricos relacionados a eventos para observação e extração dos dados de latência visando a análise estatística dos dados cronométricos monitorados on-line por um eletroencefalograma (EEG. Os resultados das análises de variância e teste t demonstraram que a leitura evento-distributiva é a default porque a violação de exaustividade dos itens dos eventos apresentou maior complexidade de processamento do que a violação de exaustividade de participantes. Pluralidade, cardinalidade e diferenciação de eventos também apresentaram efeitos significativos durante a compreensão de sentenças com sohoji-sohoji.

  17. “LOS JUZGA UN TRIBUNAL, LOS CONDENAMOS TODOS”: DOS CONFLITOS PELAS MEMÓRIAS, MORALIDADES E VERDADE NOS TRIBUNAIS ARGENTINOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Sanjurjo

    Full Text Available Resumo Há mais de três décadas, familiares de desaparecidos da ditadura militar argentina se engajam em ações políticas para exigir Justiça pelas violações aos direitos humanos cometidas durante a repressão. Com a anulação das leis de anistia em 2005, abriram-se os caminhos legais para a responsabilização penal. Desde então, as narrativas sobre o passado entraram definitivamente em cena (e em disputa nos tribunais do país. Baseado em etnografia dos julgamentos de delitos de lesa humanidade na Argentina, o artigo analisa como vítimas, agentes do Estado acusados de violações e atores judiciais converteram os tribunais em lugar privilegiado para a afirmação de sentidos ao passado ditatorial. Conduzindo uma análise mais encantada da política e seu simbolismo (que considera a dimensão afetiva e existencial da ação humana, o intuito é problematizar como a cena judicial vem se desempenhando como espaço de luta para a produção do saber e verdade sobre a ditadura na Argentina.

  18. An efficient in vitro test to determine carrot genotypes resistance to cavity spot.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savelon, S; Vandemoortele, J L

    2001-01-01

    As part of a carrot breeding programme, our objective was to develop a test for determining genotypes resistance against two Pythium species responsible for cavity spot. Ten different media were tested for carrot callus culture, Pythium culture and dual cultures. Carrot callus growth was greater on Murashige and Skoog medium plus 1.25 microM 2.4D plus 2.5 microM BA plus 2.5 microM NAA. Pythium violae was more sensitive to medium composition than Pythium sulcatum. When carrot callus were inoculated by Pythium violae or sulcatum on Murashige and Skoog mineral medium, callus growth of Bolero, an resistant cultivar in the field, was highly inhibited whereas Nanco, a susceptible cultivar was not. Such a medium should be used for screening genotypes resistance to Pythium. A Murashige and Skoog medium supplemented with 1.25 microM 2.4D, 2.5 microM BA and 2.5 microM NAA, where callus growth was highly reduced whatever the genotype used, should be useful for selection of cell lines tolerant to Pythium.

  19. Gaussian Weak Classifiers Based on Haar-Like Features with Four Rectangles for Real-time Face Detection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavani, Sri-Kaushik; Delgado Gomez, David; Frangi, Alejandro F.

    This paper proposes Gaussian weak classifiers (GWCs) for use in real-time face detection systems. GWCs are based on Haar-like features (HFs) with four rectangles (HF4s), which constitute the majority of the HFs used to train a face detector. To label an image as face or clutter (non-face), GWC uses the responses of the two HF2s in a HF4 to compute a Mahalanobis distance which is later compared to a threshold to make decisions. For a fixed accuracy on the face class, GWCs can classify clutter images with more accuracy than the existing weak classifier types. Our experiments compare the accuracy and speed of the face detectors built with four different weak classifier types: GWCs, Viola & Jones’s, Rasolzadeh et al.’s and Mita et al.’s. On the standard MIT+CMU image database, the GWC-based face detector provided 40% less false positives and required 32% less time for the scanning process when compared to the detector that used Viola & Jones’s weak classifiers. When compared to detectors that used Rasolzadeh et al.’s and Mita et al.’s weak classifiers, the GWC-based detector produced 11% and 9% fewer false positives. Simultaneously, it required 37% and 42% less time for the scanning process.

  20. Tecnologias digitais da informação e comunicação: a garantia dos direitos civis relativo à propriedade do software

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    Américo Augusto Nogueira Vieira

    Full Text Available O que se denominam "direitos civis" nos Estados Unidos da América, tem, no Brasil, sua referência dada pelo artigo 5º da Constituição brasileira e tal conjunto de direitos é denominado como: "Direitos e Garantias Fundamentais". O trabalho problematiza sobre o seguinte fato: apesar de haver a garantia constitucional da propriedade, se existe, de fato, nas leis federais brasileiras específicas (Lei de Software e Lei de Direitos Autorais, uma tolerância ou autorização a uma forma de "plágio de software". A pesquisa baseou-se na Constituição, na Convenção de Berna, nas leis federais e doutrinas jurídicas de propriedade intelectual, além de uma ampla bibliografia. Ao final, demonstra-se que há, sim, possibilidade de violação do direito de propriedade e, portanto, dos direitos civis, seja pela violação da própria Carta Política brasileira, seja pela interpretação equivocada da legislação federal específica.

  1. On the origin of the sweet-smelling Parma violet cultivars (Violaceae): wide intraspecific hybridization, sterility, and sexual reproduction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Malécot, Valéry; Marcussen, Thomas; Munzinger, Jérôme; Yockteng, Roxana; Henry, Max

    2007-01-01

    Parma violets are reputed for their double, fragrant flowers and have been cultivated for centuries in Europe. However, due to a rather atypical morphology their taxonomic affinity has not been clarified. Authors have proposed an origin from three possible species, Viola alba, V. odorata, or V. suavis, or a hybrid origin. Using both ITS sequence variation and allozyme variation in 14 putative loci, we showed that the Parma violet cultivars have their origin within Viola alba and that they are best included in the Mediterranean subsp. dehnhardtii. There is no trace of interspecific hybridization. However, the cultivars appear to have a single origin in a wide hybrid within V. alba, involving parental plants from the eastern and western Mediterranean region; historical literature sources seem to indicate Turkey and Italy, respectively. The Parma violet cultivars possess high levels of allozyme heterozygosity and to some extent also within-individual ITS sequence variation. Losses of heterozygosity and within-individual ITS sequence variation in some of the cultivars indicate subsequent rare events of sexual reproduction, presumably through cleistogamous seed set. We unambiguously identify the closest wild relative of this group of cultivars, allowing growers to develop new selection procedures, and show a peculiar molecular process associated with human selection.

  2. Tamponamento do pH da solução nutritiva na hidroponia de plantas ornamentais.

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    Maira C. M. Fonseca

    2005-06-01

    Full Text Available Seis espécies de plantas ornamentais: Viola tricolor, Antirrhinum majus, Phlox drummondii, Petunia hibrida, Statice sinuata e Alyssum maritimun foram cultivadas em solução nutritiva com e sem agente tamponante, num experimento fatorial inteiramente casualizado com três repetições. Avaliou-se o tempo para germinação, produção de muda, início do florescimento, teores de nutrientes e perdas do vigor e da qualidade das flores. As plantas foram colhidas quando perderam o vigor e a qualidade das flores. Dentre as espécies cultivadas, a que apresentou menor ciclo foi boca-de-leão (Antirrhinum majus. Boca-de-leão (Antirrhinum majus e petúnia (Petúnia x hybrida monstraram-se melhor esenvolvidas quando cultivadas com agente tamponante. Amorperfeito (Viola tricolor e flox (Phlox drummondii tenderam a um melhor desenvolvimento em solução nutritiva sem agente tamponante. Para estátice (Statice sinuata e alisso (Alyssum maritimun as soluções empregadas não resultaram em diferenças significativas no crescimento das plantas, embora o vigor e número de flores de alisso apresentem superioridade em presença de agente tamponante.

  3. CT analysis of bowed stringed instruments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirr, S A; Waddle, J R

    1997-06-01

    To determine the utility of computed tomography (CT) for the noninvasive evaluation of bowed stringed instruments. Thirty-seven instruments that ranged in quality from student instruments to exquisite Stradivarius violins were analyzed with CT. Accuracy of thickness measurements was determined from 24 measurements of cross-sectional pieces sawed from a student violin. Accuracy of density measurements was determined from 328 CT attenuation measurements of 16 woods used in stringed instruments. Substantial differences of normal structure were noted between the masterpieces crafted in Cremona, Italy, and factory-produced student instruments. Unexpected defects were detected in nine of 14 instruments older than 100 years and ranged from a few wormholes (eight instruments) to many wormholes and extensive repair (one violin). CT thickness and attenuation measurements correlated well to the line of identity with actual measurements (P < .0001). Two cellos and a viola have been constructed from CT-derived information. The viola was awarded a gold medal at a recent international competition. CT provides the modern luthier and acoustic scientist with a unique tool for characterization of normal structure, defects, and repair and for accurate measurements of wood thickness and density. CT-derived information aids in the replication of original masterpieces. CT evaluation may have an important role in the valuation, insurance, and identification of valuable stringed instruments.

  4. Hordas de violadores. A instrumentalização da violência sexual em discursos anticomunistas alemães da Guerra Fria

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    Júlia Garraio

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Nos discursos anticomunistas alemães da Guerra Fria, a imagem do Exército Vermelho como “horda de violadores” funcionou como estratégia de exclusão na construção de uma identidade nacional regida por “valores ocidentais”. Analisarei a dimensão ideológica dos estereótipos de mulheres violadas e as construções de masculinidade que perpassam dois textos emblemáticos de memórias da fuga e expulsão dos alemães da Europa Central e de Leste e um romance de propaganda anticomunista norte-americano. Tentarei demonstrar que as violações de mulheres alemãs por soldados soviéticos no desfecho da Segunda Guerra Mundial foram interpretadas como produto de uma “barbárie asiática” e do comunismo. A instrumentalização dessas violações, ao diabolizar a União Soviética, favoreceu os dois pilares da política externa da República Federal da Alemanha: a integração europeia e a aliança transatlântica.

  5. Direitos reprodutivos das mulheres no sistema penitenciário: tensões e desafios na transformação da realidade

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    Vilma Diuana

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Neste artigo buscou-se identificar e discutir violações e desafios à efetivação dos direitos reprodutivos das mulheres em situação de privação de liberdade, com ênfase na saúde sexual e reprodutiva. Foram considerados como referenciais de análise os parâmetros normativos que sustentam estes direitos, identificados por levantamento bibliográfico, e os discursos e práticas relativos à sua efetivação no dia a dia das prisões, colhidos em entrevistas com mulheres gestantes e com filhos nas prisões e profissionais cujas práticas interferem no exercício destes direitos. Verificou-se que as violações destes direitos sustentam-se em discursos que deslegitimam a maternidade destas mulheres. Considera-se o recurso aos direitos como estratégico nas lutas pela transformação desta situação.

  6. Vascular plant flora in the Cytadela cemeteries in Poznań (Poland

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    Aneta Czarna

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the spontaneous vascular flora and the flora originating from old or contemporary plantations found in all six currently existing cemeteries located in immediate vicinity on the slopes of the Cytadela Park in Poznań. These studies were carried out in the years 2011–2014. Over this period, 255 species of vascular plants were found. The most interesting species include: Chionodoxa luciliae, Rumex rugosus, Aegopodium podagraria ‘Variegatum’, Ficaria verna f. plenifolia, Galanthus nivalis f. pleniflora, Ornithogalum boucheanum, Ranunculus repens ‘Plena’, and hybrids: Dactylis ×intercedens, Gagea ×pomeranica, Ornithogalum boucheanum × O. nutans, Viola cyanea × V. odorata. A great number of spring geophytes, namely 31 species, was also found. Among species occurring spontaneously outside the graves, some were new for Poland, e.g., Chionodoxa luciliae, Ornithogalum boucheanum × O. nutans, Viola cyanea × V. odorata, while others were new for the Wielkopolska region: Rumex rugosus, Dactylis ×intercedens, Gagea ×pomeranica, as well as new for Poznań: Erigeron ramosus, Lilium bulbiferum, Muscari armeniacus, M. neglectum, Pimpinella nigra, Poa subcaerulea, and Veronica hederifolia s. s.

  7. The efficacy and safety of S-flurbiprofen plaster in the treatment of knee osteoarthritis: a phase II, randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, dose-finding study

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    Yataba I

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Ikuko Yataba,1 Noboru Otsuka,1 Isao Matsushita,1 Hideo Matsumoto,2 Yuichi Hoshino3 1Taisho Pharmaceutical Co, Ltd, 2Institute for Integrated Sports Medicine, School of Medicine, Keio University, Tokyo, 3Department of Orthopedics Surgery, School of Medicine, Jichi Medical University, Tochigi, Japan Background: Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID patches are convenient for use and show much less gastrointestinal side effects than oral NSAIDs, whereas its percutaneous absorption is not sufficient for the expression of clinical efficacy at satisfactory level. S-flurbiprofen plaster (SFPP has shown dramatic improvement in percutaneous absorption results from animal and clinical studies. In this study, the efficacy and safety of SFPP were compared with placebo in patients with knee osteoarthritis (OA to determine its optimal dose. This was a multicenter, randomized, double-blind, parallel-group comparative study. Patients and methods: Enrolled 509 knee OA patients were treated with placebo or SFPP at 10, 20, or 40 mg applied on the affected site once daily for 2 weeks. The primary endpoint for efficacy was improvement in knee pain on rising from the chair assessed by visual analog scale (VAS. The other endpoints were clinical symptoms, pain on walking, and global assessment by both investigator and patient. Safety was evaluated by observing adverse events (AEs. Results: VAS change in knee pain from baseline to trial end was dose-dependent, least squares mean was 29.5, 31.5, 32.0, and 35.6 mm in placebo and SFPP 10, 20, and 40 mg, respectively. A significant difference was observed between placebo and SFPP 40 mg (P=0.001. In contrast, the effect of SFPP at a dose ≤20 mg was not significantly different from that of placebo. The proportion of the patients who achieved 50% pain relief was 72.4% in 40 mg and 51.2% in placebo (P<0.001. In all other endpoints, SFPP 40 mg showed significant improvement compared with placebo. The incidence of AEs was

  8. Importance of New Use of Concrete in Iraq Analysis of Development And Use of Concrete in Architecture

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    Mohammed Ridha Shakir Majeed

    2015-04-01

    on the same era The concert as a structural element dominated the Metabolism architecture that represented by the Japanese architects like Kiyonori Kikutake, Kisho Kurokawa, Noboru Kawazoe, Masato Otakaand and Fumihiko Maki. They visualized the city of the future to be viable, evaluable, expandable, flexible structures that evoked the processes of organic growth as it is in nature. Their developments are often called technocratic and described as avant-garde with a rhetorical character. The Metabolist mega structures heavily relied on advanced technology and adaptable plug-in building techniques in using this material. The research concluded the influences of the concrete as a building material upon the modern and building forms from the outsets. By exploring the history of the material, expanding its characteristics and specifications and later demonstrating the modern architecture movements and architects, this research has achieved its targets to acknowledge the importance of concrete in the current construction market and architectural developments.

  9. Airway inflammation in Japanese COPD patients compared with smoking and nonsmoking controls

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    Ishikawa N

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Nobuhisa Ishikawa,1 Noboru Hattori,2 Nobuoki Kohno,2 Akihiro Kobayashi,3 Tomoyuki Hayamizu,4 Malcolm Johnson5 1Department of Respiratory Medicine, Hiroshima Prefectural Hospital, Hiroshima, Japan; 2Department of Molecular and Internal Medicine, Hiroshima University, Hiroshima, Japan; 3Biomedical Data Science Department, 4Medical Affairs Respiratory Department, GlaxoSmithKline Shibuya-ku, Tokyo, Japan; 5Respiratory Global Franchise, GlaxoSmithKline, Uxbridge, UK Purpose: To assess the importance of inflammation in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD by measuring airway and systemic inflammatory biomarkers in Japanese patients with the disease and relevant control groups.Patients and methods: This was the first study of its type in Japanese COPD patients. It was a non-treatment study in which 100 participants were enrolled into one of three groups: nonsmoking controls, current or ex-smoking controls, and COPD patients. All participants underwent standard lung function assessments and provided sputum and blood samples from which the numbers of inflammatory cells and concentrations of biomarkers were measured, using standard procedures.Results: The overall trends observed in levels of inflammatory cells and biomarkers in sputum and blood in COPD were consistent with previous reports in Western studies. Increasing levels of neutrophils, interleukin 8 (IL-8, surfactant protein D (SP-D, and Krebs von den Lungen 6 (KL-6 in sputum and clara cell 16 (CC-16, high-sensitivity C-reactive protein (hs-CRP, and KL-6 in serum and plasma fibrinogen were seen in the Japanese COPD patients compared with the non-COPD control participants. In sputum, significant correlations were seen between total cell count and matrix metalloproteinase 9 (MMP-9; P<0.001, neutrophils and MMP-9 (P<0.001, macrophages and KL-6 (P<0.01, total cell count and IL-8 (P<0.05, neutrophils and IL-8 (P<0.05, and macrophages and MMP-9 (P<0.05. Significant correlations were also

  10. VEGF 936C>T is predictive of threshold retinopathy of prematurity in Japanese infants with a 30-week gestational age or less

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    Mariko Yagi

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Mariko Yagi1, Motohiro Yamamori4, Ichiro Morioka2, Naoki Yokoyama2, Shigeru Honda3, Akira Negi3, Tsutomu Nakamura1, Noboru Okamura4, Katsuhiko Okumura1, Toshiyuki Sakaeda5, Masafumi Matsuo21Department of Clinical Evaluation of Pharmacotherapy, 2Department of Pediatrics, 3Department of Surgery, Division of Ophthalmology, Kobe University Graduate School of Medicine, Kobe, Japan; 4Department of Clinical Pharmacy, School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Mukogawa Women's University, Nishinomiya, Japan; 5Center for Integrative Education of Pharmacy Frontier, Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Kyoto University, Kyoto, JapanAbstract: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF contributes to the development of retinopathy of prematurity (ROP. We investigated the association of ROP with VEGF genetic polymorphisms and its clinical parameters in Japanese people. Sixty-seven infants with a gestational age of 30 weeks or less were enrolled and classified into the threshold ROP group (infants with Stage 3 ROP in zone I or II, five continuous or eight total clock hours of the retina and the presence of plus disease, n = 30 and the nonthreshold ROP group (n = 37. The VEGF genotypes of −1498T>C, −1154G>A, −634C>G, −7C>T, 936C>T, and 1612G>A were determined. VEGF 936C>T polymorphism and 11 clinical parameters were significantly different between the two ROP groups by univariate analysis. A logistic regression analysis with adjustments for gestational age and birth weight showed that the heterozygous or homozygous carrier state of the T alleles of VEGF 936C>T polymorphism (odds ratio 5.12; 95% confidence interval: 1.25–20.92; P = 0.023 and duration of oxygen administration (odds ratio 1.05; 95% confidence interval: 1.00–1.10; P = 0.042 were independent risk factors of threshold ROP. VEGF 936C>T polymorphism may predict threshold ROP in Japanese infants with a gestational age of 30 weeks or less.Keywords: retinopathy of prematurity, vascular

  11. Drug diffusion and biological responses of arteries using a drug-eluting stent with nonuniform coating

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    Saito N

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Noboru Saito, Yuhei Mori, Sayaka Uchiyama Terumo Corporation R&D Center, Inokuchi, Nakai-machi, Ashigarakami-gun, Kanagawa, Japan Abstract: The purpose of this study was to determine the effect of a nonuniform coating, abluminal-gradient coating (AGC, which leaves the abluminal surface of the curves and links parts of the stent free from the drug coating, on the diffusion direction of the drug and the biological responses of the artery to drug-eluting stent (DES by comparing the AGC-sirolimus stent and the conventional full-surface coating (CFC sirolimus stent. The study aimed to verify whether the AGC approach was appropriate for the development of a safer DES, minimizing the risks of stent thrombosis due to delayed endothelialization by the drug and distal embolization due to cracking of the coating layer on the hinge parts of the DES on stent expansion. In the in vitro local drug diffusion study, we used rhodamine B as a model drug, and rhodamine B released from the AGC stent diffused predominantly into the abluminal side of the alginate artery model. Conversely, rhodamine B released from the CFC stent quickly spread to the luminal side of the artery model, where endothelial cell regeneration is required. In the biological responses study, the luminal surface of the iliac artery implanted with the AGC-sirolimus stent in a rabbit iliac artery for 2 weeks was completely covered with endothelial-like cells. On the other hand, the luminal surface of the iliac artery implanted with the CFC-sirolimus stent for 2 weeks only showed partial coverage with endothelial-like cells. While thrombosis was observed in two of the three CFC-sirolimus stents, it was observed in only one of the three AGC-sirolimus stents. Taken together, these findings indicate that the designed nonuniform coating (AGC is an appropriate approach to ensure a safer DES. However, the number of studies is limited and a larger study should be conducted to reach a statistically

  12. Symptom predictors of response to electroconvulsive therapy in older patients with treatment-resistant depression

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    Tominaga K

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Keiichiro Tominaga¹, Mioto Okazaki¹, Hisashi Higuchi¹, Itaru Utagawa¹, Etsuko Nakamura², Noboru Yamaguchi¹¹Department of Neuropsychiatry, St Marianna University School of Medicine, Miyamae-ku, Kawasaki City, Kanagawa, ²Tsurukawa Sanatorium Hospital, Machida City, Tokyo, JapanBackground: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT has been used for treatment-resistant depression. However, predictors of response to ECT have not been adequately studied using the Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale, especially in older patients with treatment-resistant depression.Methods: This study included 18 Japanese patients who fulfilled the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders Fourth Edition Text Revision criteria for a diagnosis of major depressive disorder or bipolar disorder with a current major depressive episode, and met the definition of treatment-resistant depression outlined by Thase and Rush, scoring ≥21 on the Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale. The three-factor model of the Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale was used for analysis. Factor 1 was defined by three items, factor 2 by four items, and factor 3 by three items, representing dysphoria, retardation, and vegetative symptoms, respectively. ECT was performed twice a week for a total of six sessions using a Thymatron System IV device with the brief pulse technique. Clinical responses were defined on the basis of a ≥50% decrease in total pretreatment Montgomery and Åsberg Depression Rating Scale scores.Results: The mean pretreatment factor 2 score for responders (n = 7 was significantly lower than that for nonresponders (n = 11. Furthermore, a significant difference in mean factor 3 score between responders and nonresponders was observed one week after six sessions of ECT, indicating a time lag of response. No significant differences were observed for age, number of previous episodes, and duration of the current episode between responders and

  13. Filogeografía del complejo Caesalpinia hintonii: (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae: Poincianella Phylogeography of the Caesalpinia hintonii complex (Leguminosae: Caesalpinioideae: Poincianella

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    Solange Sotuyo

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available A pesar del crecido número de estudios que se ha realizado para explorar la estructura genética y filogeográfica en especies mexicanas, hay carencia de estudios para especies de selva baja, zonas con alto grado de endemismo. Para un mejor entendimiento de dichas áreas se realizó un estudio filogeográfico y el fechamiento de las especies del complejo Caesalpinia hintonii distribuido en la depresión del río Balsas y el valle de Tehuacán-Cuicatlán. Se determinó la estructura filogeográfica del complejo analizando las secuencias de 4 regiones de plastidio (intrón trnL, espaciador trnL-F, espaciador psbA-trnH y espaciador accD-psaI en todas las poblaciones disponibles. Se estimó la fecha del origen del complejo mediante un método no paramétrico (NPRS. Las diversidades haplotídicas (0.64-1 y las diferencias nucleotídicas (3.8-11.52 en todas las especies fueron altas respecto a valores registrados para otras plantas. Las poblaciones de C. oyamae, morfológicamente indistintas están genéticamente estructuradas y presentan 3 haplogrupos donde el flujo génico entre ellos es bajo y se consideraron entidades crípticas. Las poblaciones de C. hintonii son un grupo genéticamente homogéneo a pesar de ser morfológicamente distintas. Las poblaciones de C. macvaughii forman 2 linajes divergentes entre los que existe flujo génico (Nm=1.41. Los eventos de divergencia en 2 grandes linajes al este y oeste del río Balsas pueden explicarse por eventos geológicos. Los resultados indican que el complejo se encuentra bajo divergencia y en algunos casos radiación morfostática.Although many phylogeographic studies have been conducted to analyze the genetic and phylogeographic structure of Mexican species, such studies are nearly absent for plants of dry seasonal forest, precincts with high level of endemism. To better understand this areas, we undertook a phylogeographic study and dating were carried out on the Caesalpinia hintonii complex

  14. Influence of sulfur dioxide on the respiratory system of Miyakejima adult residents 6 years after returning to the island.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochi, Takeshi; Iwasawa, Satoko; Nakano, Makiko; Tsuboi, Tazuru; Tanaka, Shigeru; Kitamura, Hiroko; Wilson, Donald John; Takebayashi, Toru; Omae, Kazuyuki

    2017-07-27

    Mount Oyama, on the Japanese island of Miyakejima, began erupting in June 2000, necessitating the evacuation of 3,000 island residents. Volcanic gas emissions, primarily consisting of sulfur dioxide (SO 2 ), gradually decreased and residents returned to the island after the evacuation order was lifted in February 2005. To assess the exposure-effect and exposure-response relationships between SO 2 exposure and effects on respiratory system in adult Miyakejima residents. Health checkups focusing on pulmonary function and respiratory/irritative symptoms were conducted six times every November from 2006 to 2011. The study population comprised 168 subjects who underwent all health checkups. SO 2 concentrations were measured at six fixed monitoring stations in inhabitable areas. Based on the annual mean SO 2 concentration, inhabitable areas were classified into three categories; namely, lower (L), higher (H-1), and highest (H-2) areas. Average SO 2 concentrations (ppb) during 3 months prior to each health checkup dropped from 11.3 to 3.29, 32.2 to 13.4 and 75.1 to 12.6 from 2006 to 2010/2011 in L, H-1, and H-2. No significant declines in pulmonary function were observed in all areas. However, prevalence of subjective symptoms such as "Cough," "Irritation and/or pain in throat," "Irritation, runny nose, and/or nasal sniffles," and "Irritation and/or pain in the eyes," dependently increased on SO 2 concentration. Odds ratios were statistically significant at approximately 70 ppb of SO 2 or above. Adult residents of Miyakejima island showed no deterioration in pulmonary function at SO 2 levels, but complained of respiratory/irritative symptoms in an SO 2 concentration-dependent manner.

  15. VEGF is a target molecule for peritoneal metastasis and malignant ascites in gastric cancer: prognostic significance of VEGF in ascites and efficacy of anti-VEGF monoclonal antibody

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    Fushida S

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sachio Fushida, Katsunobu Oyama, Jun Kinoshita, Yasumichi Yagi, Kouichi Okamoto, Hidehiro Tajima, Itasu Ninomiya, Takashi Fujimura, Tetsuo OhtaDepartment of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kanazawa University Hospital, Kanazawa, JapanBackground: In gastric cancer, poor prognosis is associated with peritoneal dissemination, which often accompanies malignant ascites. We searched for a target molecule in peritoneal metastasis and investigated its clinical utility as a biomarker.Methods: Biopsy specimens from both primary lesions and peritoneal metastasis, and if possible, malignant ascites, were obtained from 40 patients with gastric cancer. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF expression was analyzed by immunohistochemical staining and enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay.Results: VEGF expression was seen in 70% of peritoneal samples. Of the 40 patients, 35 had malignant ascites. These 35 patients were divided into two groups: 15 with ascites found beyond the pelvic cavity (large group and 20 whose ascites were within the pelvic cavity (small group. The two groups did not significantly differ by serum VEGF levels, but ascites VEGF levels in the large group were significantly higher than in the small group (P < 0.0001. Serum VEGF and ascites VEGF levels were highly correlated in the large group (r = 0.686. A high ascites VEGF level was found to be a risk factor for survival (P = 0.045. We include a report of a patient with chemoresistant refractory gastric cancer and symptomatic ascites who obtained 8 months of palliation from systemic bevacizumab.Conclusion: Anti-VEGF therapies are promising, and the ascites VEGF level is an important marker in managing patients with gastric cancer and peritoneal metastasis.Keywords: vascular endothelial growth factor, malignant ascites, peritoneal metastasis, gastric cancer, bevacizumab

  16. Divergent biology of facultative heavy metal plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bothe, Hermann; Słomka, Aneta

    2017-12-01

    Among heavy metal plants (the metallophytes), facultative species can live both in soils contaminated by an excess of heavy metals and in non-affected sites. In contrast, obligate metallophytes are restricted to polluted areas. Metallophytes offer a fascinating biology, due to the fact that species have developed different strategies to cope with the adverse conditions of heavy metal soils. The literature distinguishes between hyperaccumulating, accumulating, tolerant and excluding metallophytes, but the borderline between these categories is blurred. Due to the fact that heavy metal soils are dry, nutrient limited and are not uniform but have a patchy distribution in many instances, drought-tolerant or low nutrient demanding species are often regarded as metallophytes in the literature. In only a few cases, the concentrations of heavy metals in soils are so toxic that only a few specifically adapted plants, the genuine metallophytes, can cope with these adverse soil conditions. Current molecular biological studies focus on the genetically amenable and hyperaccumulating Arabidopsis halleri and Noccaea (Thlaspi) caerulescens of the Brassicaceae. Armeria maritima ssp. halleri utilizes glands for the excretion of heavy metals and is, therefore, a heavy metal excluder. The two endemic zinc violets of Western Europe, Viola lutea ssp. calaminaria of the Aachen-Liège area and Viola lutea ssp. westfalica of the Pb-Cu-ditch of Blankenrode, Eastern Westphalia, as well as Viola tricolor ecotypes of Eastern Europe, keep their cells free of excess heavy metals by arbuscular mycorrhizal fungi which bind heavy metals. The Caryophyllaceae, Silene vulgaris f. humilis and Minuartia verna, apparently discard leaves when overloaded with heavy metals. All Central European metallophytes have close relatives that grow in areas outside of heavy metal soils, mainly in the Alps, and have, therefore, been considered as relicts of the glacial epoch in the past. However, the current

  17. Espaços de memória: uma luta por memória, verdade e justiça no Brasil e na Argentina

    OpenAIRE

    Gumieri, Julia

    2012-01-01

    Este trabalho visa contribuir para a reflexão histórica sobre os processos de reparação do legado de violações de direitos humanos cometidos durante a última ditadura militar no Brasil e na Argentina. Face aos deveres do Estado – estabelecidos dentro do conceito de justiça de transição – e à elaboração de políticas de memória, destacamos a iniciativa da memorialização como instrumento destas políticas reparatórias que tem se consolidado em ambos países diante das necessidades de implementação...

  18. L’OEUVRE D’ART COMME FORCEMENT DES LIMITES

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    LAURA-CODRINA IONIŢĂ

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Beyond its apparent chaotic character, the contemporary art possesses certain structuring features. We agree the idea of the Romanian philosopher Tudor Vianu about the workart as a representation of the visible world or of its transcendent ideal. The question of limit, so obsessing in the contemporary art, can be understood like a perpetual temptation to surpassing the human condition, as a bound between the real and the ideal. ’To be’, ’to be aware of’, ’to be finite’, the intelligence, the body, sex, temporality, religion, etc. – all of these are determinations that human being gets as limits which would be established by „somebody else”. Such of determinations become favourite topics in contemporary artworks. Stelarc, Marina Abramovic, Ana Mendieta, and Bill Viola are merely part of the artists engaged in a continuous endeavour to transcending the human condition through their very own works.

  19. Microscopic description of the competition between spontaneous fission and α -decay in neutron-rich Ra, U and Pu nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rodríguez-Guzmán, R; Robledo, L M

    2017-01-01

    Constrained mean-field calculations, based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional, have been carried out to describe fission in Ra, U and Pu nuclei with neutron number 144 ≤ N ≤ 176. Fission paths, collective masses and zero-point quantum vibrational and rotational corrections are used to compute the spontaneous fission half-lives. We also pay attention to isomeric states along the considered fission paths. Alpha decay half-lives have also been computed using a parametrization of the Viola-Seaborg formula. Though there exists a strong variance of the predicted fission rates with respect to the details involved in their computation a robust trend is obtained indicating, that with increasing neutron number fission dominates over α -decay. Our results also suggest that a dynamical treatment of pairing correlations is required within the microscopic studies of the fission process in heavy nuclear systems. (paper)

  20. Thoracic outlet syndrome affecting high-performance musicians playing bowed string instruments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Demaree, Christopher J; Wang, Kevin; Lin, Peter H

    2017-06-01

    Thoracic outlet syndrome, a condition due to neurovascular compression in the upper shoulder region, can be caused by chronic repetitive activity of the upper extremities. Studies have linked upper extremity musculoskeletal disorders to high-performance musicians who play bowed string instruments such as the violin or viola. We report herein a case series of five elite musicians, including three violinists and two violaists, who developed neurogenic thoracic outlet syndrome following years of intense practice. Successful surgical treatment including first rib resection, scalenectomy, and brachial plexus neurolysis was performed in all patients. All patients were able to resume their musical career following surgical treatment. Our report represents the first description of thoracic outlet syndrome in high-performance bowed string instrumentalists. Clinicians should be aware of thoracic outlet syndrome as a differential diagnosis when treating string instrumentalists with upper extremity musculoskeletal ailments.

  1. Violência doméstica contra as mulheres: relações de gênero e de poder no sertão pernambucano

    OpenAIRE

    Lira, Kalline Flávia Silva de

    2015-01-01

    A presente pesquisa investiga a violação dos direitos humanos existentes na violência doméstica contra as mulheres, através de um recorte das relações de gênero e de poder no Sertão do Araripe de Pernambuco. Este estudo apresenta algumas considerações sobre a rede de enfrentamento da violência contra as mulheres na região, mapeando os serviços e apontando os números da violência, de 2010 a 2013, coletados em alguns dispositivos, além de realizar uma análise da violência a partir de entrevista...

  2. ASPECTOS RELEVANTES DO INSTITUTO DA INVERSÃO DO ÔNUS DA PROVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Alberto Mendes Bezerra Júnior

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende contribuir, ainda que minimamente, com o mundo jurídico, no que diz respeito ao instituto da inversão do ônus da prova, previsto no art. 6º, VIII do Código Brasileiro de Defesa do Consumidor, sob o enfoque do Direito Constitucional. Além de abordar o alcance dos requisitos impostos por esse dispositivo legal, o estudo trata do momento em que a inversão do ônus da prova deve ocorrer no processo civil, trazendo novas luzes a respeito, mormente como reforço à tese da regra de julgamento, que, ao invés de corresponder a uma violação do princípio constitucional do devido processo legal, fortalece-o dentro de nosso ordenamento jurídico.

  3. Research Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2019-01-01

    Gunnar Scott Reinbacher (editor) Antology.  Research Design : Validation in Social Sciences. Gunnar Scott Reinbacher: Introduction. Research design and validity. 15p Ole Riis: Creative Research design. 16 p Lennart Nørreklit: Validity in Research Design. 24p Gitte Sommer Harrits: Praxeological...... Scott Reinbacher: Multidisciplinary Research Designs in Problem Based Research. The case of an european project on chronical diseases, the Tandem project (Training Alternmative Networking Skills in Diabetes Management). 15p Niels Nørgaard Kristensen: A qualitative bottom up approach to post modern...... knowledge: An integrated strategy for combining "explaining" and "understanding". 22p Heidi Houlberg Salomonsen & Viola Burau: Comparative research designs. 40p Rasmus Antoft & Heidi Houlberg Salomonsen: Studying organizations by a Pragmatic Research Design: the case of qualitative case study  designs. 31p...

  4. Daughters of the Dust (Julie Dash, 1991), le récit d’esclave revisité

    OpenAIRE

    Letort, Delphine

    2008-01-01

    Julie Dash dédie Daughters of the Dust aux femmes de la communauté noire, animée par le désir de lever le voile sur les secrets d’une histoire commune transformée en tabou par le silence qui entoure le concept de féminité à l’époque de l’esclavage. Le film se concentre sur la famille Peazant dont les membres sont divisés à la veille de migrer vers le nord : certains craignent l’éclatement de la famille (Nana) tandis que d’autres l’envisagent comme un renouveau (Viola, Haagar). Julie Dash util...

  5. Spatial correlation between weed species densities and soil properties

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Walter, Mette; Christensen, Svend; Simmelsgaard, Svend Erik

    2002-01-01

    The spatial cross-correlation between weed species densities and six soil properties within fields was analysed using cross-semivariograms. The survey was carried out in three successive years in two fields. The most consistent relationship between weed species density (numbers m−2) and soil...... properties was negative cross-correlation between the density of Viola arvensis Murray and clay content. This correlation was found in both fields; however, the range of spatial dependence varied between fields. In one of the fields, the density of Lamium purpureum L. was positively cross......-correlated with the phosphorus content in the soil in all years. The density of Veronica spp. and Poa annua L. was negatively cross-correlated with pH in all three years. Other spatial cross-correlations that were found in this study were inconsistent over time or field site. The densities of some of the weed species were...

  6. The analysis of predictability of recent alpha decay formulae and the alpha partial half-lives of some exotic nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta-Schubert, N.; Reyes, M. A.; Tamez, V. A.

    2009-04-01

    Alpha decay is one of the two main decay modes of the heaviest nuclei, (SHE), and constitutes one of the dominant decay modes of highly neutron deficient medium mass nuclei ("exotics"). Thus identifying and characterizing the alpha decay chains form a crucial part of the identification of SHE. We report the extension of the previously developed method [1] for the detailed and systematic investigation of the reliability of the three main extant analytical formulae of alpha decay half-lives: the generalized liquid drop model based formula of Royer et al. [2] (FR), the Sobiczewski modified semi-empirical Viola-Seaborg formula [3] (VSS) and the recent phenomenological formula of Sobiczewski and Parkhomenko [4] (SP).

  7. The analysis of predictability of α -decay half-life formulae and the α partial half-lives of some exotic nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dasgupta-Schubert, N.; Reyes, M. A.; Tamez, V. A.

    2009-10-01

    The predictabilities of the three α -decay half-life formulae, the Royer GLDM, the Viola-Seaborg and the Sobiczewski-Parkhomenko formulae, have been evaluated by developing a method based on the ansatz of standard experimental benchmarking. The coefficients of each formula were re-derived using the reliable data of the α -standards nuclei. The modified formulae that resulted were used to evaluate the accuracies of the formulae towards the prediction of half-lives of a set of nuclides with well-studied α spectroscopic data as well as a set of exotic α emitters. Further, a simple linear optimisation of the modified formulae allowed adjustments for the insufficient statistics of the primary data set without changing the modified formulae. While the three modified formulae showed equivalent results for all the medium heavy nuclei except the odd-odd, the modified GLDM showed relatively the best figures of merit for the odd-odd and superheavy nuclides.

  8. Estimation of the alpha decay of Platinum isotopes using different versions of theoretical formula

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hosseini, S. S.; Hassanabadi, H.; Sobhani, H.

    The alpha decay half-lives of even-even and even-odd Platinum (Pt) nuclei have been studied within the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM). The present study is restricted to even-even nuclei with A = 166-198. The results are compared with other calculations such as the Semi-empirical formula (SemFIS) from Poenaru et al. based on fission theory of alpha decay, the Viola-Seaborg (VS), Royer (R) and Brown formulae. Also, the alpha decay half-lives have been calculated using the Scaling law of Brown (SLB), the Universal Decay Law (UDL) of Qi et al., the Scaling Law of Horoi et al. (SLH), and Akrawy-Dorin formula (ADF) of Akrawy and Poenaru, which are the Royer modified formula for alpha decay half-live by adding asymmetry term.

  9. Avaliação heurística de usabilidade em jornais online: estudo de caso em dois sites

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Rosa

    Full Text Available O trabalho foca a usabilidade em sites de jornais eletrônicos. São descritas as principais metodologias de avaliação de usabilidade propostas na literatura, e adota-se, dentre elas, a avaliação heurística de Nielsen, para analisar a usabilidade dos sites dos jornais Estado de São Paulo e Folha de São Paulo. Uma vez detalhados os resultados das avaliações, apresentam-se as considerações finais, nas quais destacam-se a concentração de violações nas heurísticas sobre visibilidade do estado do sistema; a consistência e padrões; e a prevenção de erros.

  10. Da Sociedade da Informação Frente ao Acesso à Internet como um Direito Fundamental de Personalidade

    OpenAIRE

    Cazelatto, Caio Eduardo Costa; Moreno, Michel Henrique Timóteo

    2016-01-01

    As mudanças advindas da revolução científico-tecnológica impactaram no modelo social, dando espaço ao surgimento da Sociedade da Informação. Junto a ela também emergiram novos desafios à seara do Direito. O Marco Civil da Internet representou um processo democrático, que visa controlar a utilização do espaço informático e responsabilizar os provedores de acesso a possíveis violações de direitos, como o acesso à internet, que é garantidor da constituição da personalidade humana. Assim, o traba...

  11. Kant y el Neoconstitucionalismo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana María Brusa

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available En el pensamiento político de Kant hallamos una linea que lo recorre en toda su extensión y profundidad, línea que une dos núcleos centrales: paz y libertad. Paz como aspiración máxima de la Naturaleza, libertad como condición esencial del ser humano preexistente a la formación de la sociedad civil.Nos proponemos en estas páginas, en primer lugar detenernos en las ideas que sobre la guerra y la paz, Kant insistentemente propone, así como también destacar en modo particular, su nítido concepto de la libertad.  En un segundo tramo expondremos la visión actual de dos autores italianos: Francesco Viola y Gustavo Zagrebelsky sobre temas relativos al neo-constitucionalismo que pueden vincularse al temario expuesto por Kant.

  12. Quantum channel construction with circuit quantum electrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, Chao; Noh, Kyungjoo; Albert, Victor V.; Krastanov, Stefan; Devoret, M. H.; Schoelkopf, R. J.; Girvin, S. M.; Jiang, Liang

    2017-04-01

    Quantum channels can describe all transformations allowed by quantum mechanics. We adapt two existing works [S. Lloyd and L. Viola, Phys. Rev. A 65, 010101 (2001), 10.1103/PhysRevA.65.010101 and E. Andersson and D. K. L. Oi, Phys. Rev. A 77, 052104 (2008), 10.1103/PhysRevA.77.052104] to superconducting circuits, featuring a single qubit ancilla with quantum nondemolition readout and adaptive control. This construction is efficient in both ancilla dimension and circuit depth. We point out various applications of quantum channel construction, including system stabilization and quantum error correction, Markovian and exotic channel simulation, implementation of generalized quantum measurements, and more general quantum instruments. Efficient construction of arbitrary quantum channels opens up exciting new possibilities for quantum control, quantum sensing, and information processing tasks.

  13. Héloïse, ou a morte no metrô

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nubia J. Hanciau

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available O poema acima, intitulado Le Tombeau des rois (1953, figura entre os mais comentados da literatura quebequense contemporânea, podendo, pelas imagens que contêm seus versos, figurar numa antologia de literatura fantástica. Escrito vinte anos antes do romance Les enfants du sabbat (1975, anuncia e nos concede um “avant-goût” dos rituais vividos pela irmã Julie da Santíssima Trindade, filha do diabo e de uma feiticeira, que traz à vida monástica as imagens de uma infância terrível e diabólica. Violações e orgias encontram seu paroxismo em Les enfants du sabbat. Mais tarde, confrontando os versos desse poema com o romance Héloïse 1, deparamo-nos com a reescritura em prosa de elementos de Le Tombeau des rois, que lhe serviu de gênese.

  14. Cello

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bynum, Eric; Rossing, Thomas D.

    The violoncello, or cello, is a member of the violin family of string instruments, but it is distinctly different from the violin. Its strings are tuned to C2, G2, D3, and A3, an octave below the viola and a twelfth (octave plus a fifth) below the violin. Although the strings vibrate at one-third the frequency of those on a violin, the length and width of its body are closer to twice rather than to three times those of the violin. Increased rib height and relatively thinner construction help to keep the resonances sufficiently low for bass enhancement. An exploded view of a cello is shown in Fig. 14.1.

  15. Virginia Apgar y la música de cuerdas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardo Palacios Sánchez

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Virginia Apgar (1909-1974 is one of the most recognized American doctors, worldwide known by his contribution as the developer of the “Apgar test” a method used for the evaluation of newborns all over the world. She had many interests. She was anesthesiologist, a brilliant teacher and researcher, but she also loved lecture, basketball, fishing, golf, philately, and music. She played violin and cello and she interpreted that instruments in various chamber groups. Being motivated by one of her patients, Carleen Hutchinson, a science and music teacher, she made fourinstruments, viola, violin, cello, and mezzo violin. Nearly twenty years of her death, on October24 1994, on the occasion of the annual meeting of the American Academy of Pediatrics and the issue by American Postal Service of a stamp honoring her, some of the preferred Dr. Apgar musicpieces where performed with the instruments she made. Her life mixed different activities and let invaluable contributions for humanity.

  16. Strygerspillets fænomenologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Øyvind Lyngseth

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available What characterizes the relationship between the reflexive/derivative/analytic and the unthematized/prior/immersed interpretative engagement with a string instrument (violin, viola, cello and double-bass in praxis? In this article, the phenomenological investigation of this relationship brings into light some unclear aspects of Heidegger’s discrimination between the ‘ready-to-hand’ and the ‘present-at-hand’ distinction in Being and Time. Furthermore, this analysis provides the background for some fundamental and extremely important nomenological instrumental-pedagogical reflections, which have not been adequately addressed in previous or current instrumental-pedagogical literature. Hence, this article examines some basic phenomenological insights and illustrates the importance and usefulness of these insights in future instrumental-pedagogical research.

  17. A FLAGRANTE INCOMPATIBILIDADE ENTRE O INSTITUTO DA ASSISTÊNCIA À ACUSAÇÃO E A CONSTITUIÇÃO FEDERAL DE 1988

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline Adams

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O instituto da assistência à acusação, previsto no Código de Processo Penal de 1941 era considerado um órgão auxiliar ao Ministério Público na promoção das ações penais públicas., até 1988 quando a Constituição Federal consagrou tal dever como função privativa do parquet. A par disso, a assistência à acusação continua ocupando lugar de destaque em nossos tribunais, muito embora seja flagrante a sua não-recepção pela Carta Magna e a sua violação ao Estado Democrático de Direitos.

  18. Reflexões sobre o processo histórico-discursivo do uso da legítima defesa da honra no Brasil e a construção das mulheres

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margarita Danielle Ramos

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S0104-026X2012000100004 O presente artigo busca compreender, à luz da teoria de gênero, como, ainda hoje, nos julgamentos de assassinatos de mulheres a prerrogativa da legítima defesa da honra tem sido usada na defesa do réu como tentativa de reversão da pena de homicídio qualificado. Para tanto, fizemos um estudo dos códigos da legislação vigente no Brasil relacionados ao tema de nosso trabalho desde o período colonial até os dias de hoje. O trabalho procura mostrar como o assassinato das mulheres é o final de uma rede de violações contra elas que tem seu início na forma como as mulheres são produzidas pelo discurso.

  19. Portuguese Guitar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inacio, Octavio

    When referring to Portuguese traditional music, fado inevitably comes to mind. In this particular style of Portuguese music a singer is accompanied by two instruments: a classical guitar (more commonly known as viola) and a pear-shaped plucked chordophone, with six courses of double strings - the Portuguese guitar. The characteristic sonority of this instrument is a great part of what makes fado so distinguishable from any other style of traditional music in Europe. While from an ethnological and a musicological perspective this instrument has gained the attention of a handful of researchers (de Oliveira 2000; Cabral 1998), the scientific study of the vibroacoustic dynamics of these instruments is very recent. Fortunately, as with most other instruments, decades of refining craftsmanship have provided Portuguese guitars of excellent quality. Even if still unknown to the greater part of the musical world, the sonority, timbre and dynamical range of the Portuguese guitar continue to seduce many new listeners.

  20. Uma Dor Além do Parto: Violência Obstétrica em Foco

    OpenAIRE

    Sauaia, Artenira da Silva e Silva; Serra, Maiane Cibele de Mesquita

    2016-01-01

    A violência obstétrica é uma forma de violência de gênero e implica em violação de direitos humanos, caracterizada pela imposição de intervenções danosas à integridade física e psicológica das parturientes, perpetrada pelos profissionais de saúde, bem como pelas instituições (públicas e privadas) nas quais tais mulheres são atendidas. Desta forma, o presente artigo possui como finalidade discutir a violência obstétrica, bem como sua caracterização, a partir da análise dos acórdãos do Supremo ...

  1. Measuring Aksak Rhythm and Synchronization in Transylvanian Village Music by Using Motion Capture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Bonini-Baraldi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Techniques based on motion capture can be useful in analyzing a wide range of musical styles and practices: in this case, Transylvanian village music. We focused on a repertoire known as ‘Gypsy songs of sorrow’, played by professional Gypsy musicians during parties and celebrations of their own community. Two parameters were the object of study: rhythmic duration, and synchronization between musicians (a violinist and a viola player. Results show that rhythm is a local variant of aksak and is based on two duration units (S=short, L=long which respect the formula 2:3 < S:L < 3:4. Performances are characterized by large variations of the S:L ratio from period to period, which have an expressive function. Tracking the bow’s movements with motion capture techniques allowed to show that these variations are related to a swinging interpretation, which also involves a voluntary asynchrony between the two musicians.

  2. Multiprofessional electronic protocol in bariatric surgery

    OpenAIRE

    Nassif, Denise Serpa Bopp; Malafaia, Osvaldo; Nassif, Paulo Afonso Nunes; Kuretzki, Carlos Henrique; Lucas, Ricardo Wallace das Chagas; Pinto, José Simão de Paula

    2011-01-01

    RACIONAL: A obesidade é doença multifatorial. A coleta de dados exerce papel fundamental para realização de pesquisas de alto grau de qualidade e, na atualidade, a cirurgia da obesidade carece de meios para realização de pesquisas prospectivas com elevado nível de confiabilidade. Os dados obtidos em protocolos eletrônicos são mais completos, têm poucos erros, são mais consistentes e apresentam baixo percentual de violação em relação aos prontuários de papel. OBJETIVO: 1) Criar base teórica de...

  3. A Real-Time Facial Expression Recognition System for Online Games

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ce Zhan

    2008-01-01

    collaboration, communication, and interaction. However, compared with ordinary human communication, MOG still has several limitations, especially in communication using facial expressions. Although detailed facial animation has already been achieved in a number of MOGs, players have to use text commands to control the expressions of avatars. In this paper, we propose an automatic expression recognition system that can be integrated into an MOG to control the facial expressions of avatars. To meet the specific requirements of such a system, a number of algorithms are studied, improved, and extended. In particular, Viola and Jones face-detection method is extended to detect small-scale key facial components; and fixed facial landmarks are used to reduce the computational load with little performance degradation in the recognition accuracy.

  4. Neurological problems of famous musicians: the classical genre.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Newmark, Jonathan

    2009-08-01

    Neurological histories of great musicians allow for a unique perspective on music physiology. Bedrich Smetana's autobiographical string quartet ends with the musical equivalent of tinnitus in the fourth movement, rendering the youthful and passionate themes of earlier movements moot as the piece ends depicting his ultimately fatal disease, neurosyphilis. Dmitri Shostakovich survived the censorship of Joseph Stalin's apparatchiks but suffered a prolonged form of paralysis attributable to slowly progressive motor neuron disease, although the viola sonata he wrote on his deathbed has become standard repertoire. Glenn Gould was a hypochondriacal pianist with obsessive-compulsive disorder and suspected Asperger syndrome. Vissarion Shebalin and (Ira) Randall Thompson had strokes followed by aphasia without amusia. Domenico Scarlatti provides an example of how even great composers must alter their technical expectations depending upon the skills and body habitus of their chief patrons. The focal dystonia afflicting Leon Fleisher and Gary Graffman catalyzed the discipline of performing arts medicine.

  5. The analysis of predictability of α-decay half-life formulae and the α partial half-lives of some exotic nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dasgupta-Schubert, N.; Reyes, M.A.; Tamez, V.A.

    2009-01-01

    The predictabilities of the three α-decay half-life formulae, the Royer GLDM, the Viola-Seaborg and the Sobiczewski-Parkhomenko formulae, have been evaluated by developing a method based on the ansatz of standard experimental benchmarking. The coefficients of each formula were re-derived using the reliable data of the α -standards nuclei. The modified formulae that resulted were used to evaluate the accuracies of the formulae towards the prediction of half-lives of a set of nuclides with well-studied α spectroscopic data as well as a set of exotic α emitters. Further, a simple linear optimisation of the modified formulae allowed adjustments for the insufficient statistics of the primary data set without changing the modified formulae. While the three modified formulae showed equivalent results for all the medium heavy nuclei except the odd-odd, the modified GLDM showed relatively the best figures of merit for the odd-odd and superheavy nuclides. (orig.)

  6. Alpha Decay of Even-Even Superheavy Nuclei

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oudih, M.R.; Hamza, Y.; Fellah, M.; Allal, N.H.; Fellah, M.; Allal, N.H.

    2011-01-01

    Alpha decay properties of even-even superheavy nuclei with 112.Z.120 have been investigated using the Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov approach. The method is based on the SkP Skyrme interaction and the Lipkin-Nogami prescription for treating the pairing correlations. The alpha decay energies are extracted from the binding energies and then used for the calculation of the decay half-lives using a formula similar to that of Viola-Seaborg. The parameters of the formula were obtained through a least square fit to even-even heavy nuclei taken from the tables of Audi- Wapstra and some more recent references. The results are compared with other theoretical evaluations.

  7. El tren de cristal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonio Orejudo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available La historia de la literatura está escrita por los desobedientes, por los escritores que no respetaron las normas de los géneros que cultivaron. Por eso es tan habitual que las grandes obras literarias, las verdaderas innovaciones, sufran en un primer momento la incomprensión del lector. La primera reacción del lector cuando toma entre sus manos una novela adscrita a un género determinado que sin embargo viola los elementos que definen tal género, es de rechazo. Algo de esto sucede con El tren de cristal, la primera novela de José María Pérez Collados, que se ofrece como novela de campus, y que al mismo tiempo se salta las reglas del género en el que aparentemente se inscribe.

  8. [The representation of Italian psychiatry in Italian Treccani Encyclopedia in 1930's].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Piazzi, Andrea; Piazzi, Gioia; Testa, Luana; Coccanari dè Fornari, Maria Antonietta

    2013-01-01

    The article reconstruct the situation of Italian psychiatry around 1930, using as unusual sources the pages of the Enciclopedia Italiana di Scienze, Lettere e Arti. This important work, conceived in 1925 and finished in 1937, is due - as well known - to the strong interest of Giovanni Gentile and to his capacity to involve in the project a great part of Italian intellectual world, without any ideological preclusion. The section devoted to Medical Sciences, including Psychiatry, was directed by Nicola Pende (1880-1970) and Giacinto Viola (1870-1943). A prevalent positivistic approach to science is well testified by their specific attention to preventive and social medicine, researches in Genetics and in biotypological constitutions. Psycopathological and psycological lemmas are very limited, underlying the medical disinterest towards contemporary philosophy and psycology.

  9. Das lágrimas à esperança: o processo de fortalecimento das mulheres em situação de violência doméstica

    OpenAIRE

    Tavares, Fabricio André

    2008-01-01

    A violência contra a mulher constitui-se como uma das formas mais comuns de manifestação da violência e, no entanto, uma das mais invisíveis, sendo então uma das violações dos direitos humanos mais praticada e menos reconhecida em todo o mundo. Violência esta definida, segundo a Lei Maria da Penha (Lei 11. 340), como “qualquer ação ou omissão baseada no gênero que lhe cause morte, lesão, sofrimento físico, sexual ou psicológico e dano moral ou patrimonial. ” O presente trabalho teve como obje...

  10. Título da página electrónica: Proyecto Desaparecidos. Por la memória y la justicia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António Sousa Ribeiro

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available O Projecto Desaparecidos, animado por diversos organismos e activistas de direitos humanos, tem por objectivo preservar o direito à memória das vítimas do terrorismo de Estado na América Latina e no mundo. Contém informações pormenorizadas, não apenas sobre as vítimas, mas também sobre os perpetradores, responsáveis por sequestros, assassínios, actos de tortura e um sem‑número de violações dos direitos humanos nas últimas décadas um pouco por todo o mundo. A página, disponível também em versã...

  11. La proyección femenina de la pedagogía musical rusa en América Latina: tradición y creatividad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carvajal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La pedagogía rusa deja sus huellas de extraordinariovalor en el desarrollo cultural de las Américas. La metodologíay la experiencia trasmitida para organizar laactividad docente y artísticamuestran frutos indiscutibles.Este trabajo reconoce la experiencia práctica de laenseñanza del violín y la viola a partir de la migraciónde pedagogas rusas formadoras de instrumentistas enCuba y México. Desde el punto de vista metodológico, sedesarrolla un hilo conductor centrado en mi experienciapedagógica y de intercambio artístico con artistas-pedagogasrusas que han dedicado su vida al arte: las MaestrasViera Borísova, Natalia Gvozdetskaya; GuelaDubrova;Tatiana Kotcherguina y María Vdovina.

  12. CRIMES CONTRA A DIGNIDADE SEXUAL: ALTERAÇÕES TRAZIDAS PELA LEI N. 12.015, DE 7 DE AGOSTO DE 2009

    OpenAIRE

    Nasato, Graziela

    2010-01-01

    Neste artigo apresentam-se as alterações trazidas pela Lei n. 12.015/2009, relativas aos crimes de estupro, violação sexual mediante fraude, assédio sexual, estupro de vulnerável, corrupção de menores, satisfação de lascívia mediante presença de criança ou adolescente, favorecimento de prostituição ou outra forma de exploração sexual de vulnerável, bem como, as disposições gerais constantes do Título VI do Código Penal.Palavras-chave: Direito Penal. Crimes Contra a Dignidade Sexual. Alteração...

  13. Backbone cyclised peptides from plants show molluscicidal activity against the rice pest Pomacea canaliculata (golden apple snail).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Plan, Manuel Rey R; Saska, Ivana; Cagauan, Arsenia G; Craik, David J

    2008-07-09

    Golden apple snails ( Pomacea canaliculata) are serious pests of rice in South East Asia. Cyclotides are backbone cyclized peptides produced by plants from Rubiaceae and Violaceae. In this study, we investigated the molluscicidal activity of cyclotides against golden apple snails. Crude cyclotide extracts from both Oldenlandia affinis and Viola odorata plants showed molluscicidal activity comparable to the synthetic molluscicide metaldehyde. Individual cyclotides from each extract demonstrated a range of molluscicidal activities. The cyclotides cycloviolacin O1, kalata B1, and kalata B2 were more toxic to golden apple snails than metaldehyde, while kalata B7 and kalata B8 did not cause significant mortality. The toxicity of the cyclotide kalata B2 on a nontarget species, the Nile tilapia ( Oreochromis niloticus), was three times lower than the common piscicide rotenone. Our findings suggest that the existing diversity of cyclotides in plants could be used to develop natural molluscicides.

  14. Uma definição natural de energia cinética e potencial em termodinâmica

    OpenAIRE

    Ferreira,G.F. Leal

    2007-01-01

    Na tentativa de tornar a termodinâmica mais familiar e sem violação do seu formalismo, define-se a partir de expressão do diferencial da energia, já incorporando as conseqüências da 2 Lei, o diferencial da energia cinética como associado às variações de temperatura a volume constante e o de energia potencial às de volume, à temperatura constante. A comparação entre os diferenciais é realizada pela normalização das variações de temperatura e de volume às de pressão. Ver-se-á que na fase gasosa...

  15. Repellency effect of forty-one essential oils against Aedes, Anopheles, and Culex mosquitoes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amer, Abdelkrim; Mehlhorn, Heinz

    2006-09-01

    Since ancient times, plant products were used in various aspects. However, their use against pests decreased when chemical products became developed. Recently, concerns increased with respect to public health and environmental security requiring detection of natural products that may be used against insect pests. In this study, 41 plant extracts and 11 oil mixtures were evaluated against the yellow fever mosquito, Aedes aegypti (Linnaeus), the malaria vector, Anopheles stephensi (Liston), and the filariasis and encephalitis vector, Culex quinquefasciatus (Say) (Diptera: Culicidae) using the skin of human volunteers to find out the protection time and repellency. The five most effective oils were those of Litsea (Litsea cubeba), Cajeput (Melaleuca leucadendron), Niaouli (Melaleuca quinquenervia), Violet (Viola odorata), and Catnip (Nepeta cataria), which induced a protection time of 8 h at the maximum and a 100% repellency against all three species. This effect needs, however, a peculiar formulation to fix them on the human skin.

  16. Revisão integrativa sobre a violência por parceiro íntimo na gestação

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Inês Rosselli Puccia; Marli Villela Mamede

    2012-01-01

    A violência por parceiro íntimo (VPI) representa uma violação de direitos humanos e um problema de saúde pública que predominantemente afeta mulheres na idade reprodutiva. Esta revisão integrativa analisou a prevalência e fatores associados à VPI durante o período da gestação, a partir de 45 produções científicas das bases das Ciências da Saúde em Geral, durante os anos de 2007 e 2012. A prevalência de VPI na gestação atual variou entre 3% e 43%, de acordo com o tipo de violência investigada ...

  17. A não linearidade entre a reação de quem copia e de quem é copiado

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edson H. Watanabe

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um relato de experiências relacionadas ao problema de violação de direitos autorais de terceiros, bem como algumas medidas adotadas pela Coppe da Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, de forma a coibir possíveis problemas nessa área, incluindo medidas formais e educativas. O título sugere que o tema ainda é pouco esclarecido entre os alunos (e professores de graduação e pós-graduação, sendo comum a reação totalmente não linear entre quem copia ou quem é copiado. Conclui-se o trabalho com algumas sugestões sobre medidas a serem adotadas para se eliminar (minimizar problemas de plágios e conscientizar dos problemas de integridade na pesquisa.

  18. O SIGNIFICADO SOCIAL DOS TERMOS E EXPRESSÕES REFERENTES A EPIDEMIAS NO CEARÁ OITOCENTISTA

    OpenAIRE

    LEITE, Francisco de Freitas; ALMEIDA, Maria de Fátima

    2014-01-01

    Este artigo objetiva analisar o significado social dos termos e expressões referentes a epidemias de cólera e de varíola que acometeram milhares de pessoas no Ceará durante o século XIX, sobretudo a partir de um corpus constituído da novela de 1899, Violação, de Rodolfo Teófilo; e de textos jornalísticos do semanário O Araripe, impresso de 1855 a 1864 em Crato-Ceará. É um trabalho que se situa no âmbito da Linguística Histórica lato sensu, sendo utilizada como metodologia de análise essencial...

  19. Impact of fungicides on weed growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nordmeyer, Henning

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available The study has shown that fungicides influence the growth of weeds. The competition against crops will be substantially reduced. Bioassays in a climate chamber variation in temperature as well as different lightning phases and microplot trials under semi field levels were carried out to investigate the influence of fungicides on weed growth. Selected weed species (Alopecurus myosuroides, Viola arvensis, Galium aparine, Stellaria media, Lamium purpureum have been examined with different dose rates of fungicides (Adexar, Bravo 500, Diamant, Crupozin flüssig. Weed species showed a different sensitivity. There were leaf discoloration, contractions and growth inhibition. In some cases using common practise dose rates of fungicides more than 70% growth inhibition could be estimated 14 days after application in comparison to the untreated control. Effects were much stronger in bioassays than in semi field trials.

  20. Relatando a memória: pertencer ao MIR e sobreviver na ditadura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luís A. Vivero Arriagada

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1414-49802011000200012 Este documento é sustentado principalmente nos relatos de Pedro Cardyn, un ex-militante do Movimento da Esquerda Revolucionária (MIR. Por esses realtos, analisam-se suas experiências na luta contra a ditadura de Pinochet no Chile, e os significados que atualmente têm aquelas utopias dos anos 1970 e retomadas como bandeira de luta na década de 1980. É uma história de sobrevivência e luta, articulada a uma análise hermenêutica, que permite compreender os significados que hoje têm essa luta revolucionária e o fato de ter sido vítima de violação em seus direitos fundamentais.

  1. National suicide prevention strategy for Afghanistan (NSPS)

    OpenAIRE

    Sarwari, Bashir Ahmad

    2016-01-01

    RESUMO: Do suicídio no Afeganistão é uma prioridade de saúde pública. O Afeganistão é um país de baixo rendimento, emergindo de três décadas de conflitos. Há uma alta prevalência de sofrimento psicológico, perturbações mentais e abuso de substâncias. Existem várias questões sociais, tais como, desequilíbrio/violência de género, pobreza, atitudes e costumes obsoletos, rápidas mudanças sócio-culturais, violação dos direitos humanos e especialmente dos direitos das mulheres e das crianças. Estes...

  2. Situações limite decorrentes da violência de gênero Situações limite decorrentes da violência de gênero Extreme situations due to gender violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stela Meneghel

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Este texto apresenta uma síntese do Seminário Rotas Críticas III, realizado em Porto Alegre/Brasil, em 2011, cujo foco foi situações limite da violência de gênero. As situações limite são violações de direitos humanos que incluem os femicídios ou assassinatos motivados pela situação de gênero; assassinatos de pessoas LGBT, violações a direitos de minorias étnicas e raciais, exploração sexual, violências a mulheres em situação de vulnerabilidade e outras violências decorrentes de gênero. O objetivo do encontro foi oportunizar espaço para partilhar experiências, refletir criticamente e construir estratégias para o enfrentamento de violências e situações limite decorrentes de sistemas de gênero.

     

    Este texto apresenta uma síntese do Seminário Rotas Críticas III, realizado em Porto Alegre/Brasil, em 2011, cujo foco foi situações limite da violência de gênero. As situações limite são violações de direitos humanos que incluem os femicídios ou assassinatos motivados pela situação de gênero; assassinatos de pessoas LGBT, violações a direitos de minorias étnicas e raciais, exploração sexual, violências a mulheres em situação de vulnerabilidade e outras violências decorrentes de gênero. O objetivo do encontro foi oportunizar espaço para partilhar experiências, refletir criticamente e construir estratégias para o enfrentamento de violências e situações limite decorrentes de sistemas de gênero.

    This paper presents a synthesis of the third Critical Paths Seminar, held in Porto Alegre/Brazil in 2011, whose focus was extreme situations of gender violence. The extreme situations are human rights violations that include femicide or murder motivated by the situation of gender; LGBT murders, human rights violations of ethnic and racial minorities, sexual exploitation, violence to women in vulnerable situations

  3. Intraregional and inter-regional variability of herbicide sensitivity in common arable weed populations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Mol, Friederike; Gerowitt, Bärbel; Kaczmarek, Sylwia

    2015-01-01

    The question on intraregional versus inter-regional variability in herbicide sensitivity for weed populations is of major importance, both in extrapolation of model parameters and in herbicide zonal approval procedures. We hypothesised that inter-regional variability in herbicide sensitivity...... for field populations would be the same as intraregional variability for regions with similar climatic conditions. Seeds of field weed populations were collected in a Danish, German and Polish region. Herbicide sensitivity was tested in dose–response experiments in the glasshouse with flufenacet...... and iodosulfuron (Apera spica-venti), florasulam and tribenuron (Tripleurospermum inodorum), diflufenican, diflufenican + flurtamone and pendimethalin (Viola arvensis). ED50 values and variance components of the ED50 values were estimated to describe the influence of region, year and population. The regions...

  4. Euro Banknote Recognition System for Blind People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunai Dunai, Larisa; Chillarón Pérez, Mónica; Peris-Fajarnés, Guillermo; Lengua Lengua, Ismael

    2017-01-20

    This paper presents the development of a portable system with the aim of allowing blind people to detect and recognize Euro banknotes. The developed device is based on a Raspberry Pi electronic instrument and a Raspberry Pi camera, Pi NoIR (No Infrared filter) dotted with additional infrared light, which is embedded into a pair of sunglasses that permit blind and visually impaired people to independently handle Euro banknotes, especially when receiving their cash back when shopping. The banknote detection is based on the modified Viola and Jones algorithms, while the banknote value recognition relies on the Speed Up Robust Features (SURF) technique. The accuracies of banknote detection and banknote value recognition are 84% and 97.5%, respectively.

  5. Promovendo marcas, destruindo auras: a incorporação da obra de arte pela publicidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Marilson Kulak

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1807-9288.2013v9n2p162 O presente ensaio ressalta a violação aurática da obra de arte em função da promoção de marcas em publicidade, ilustrando-a por meio de diferentes releituras de obras artísticas exercidas no cenário propagandístico. Para tanto, são analisados anúncios publicitários impressos, tanto nacionais quanto estrangeiros, veiculados durante a última década. A abordagem teórica foi elaborada por meio de pesquisa em livros e periódicos que trazem estudos acerca dos conceitos auráticos segundo Walter Benjamin e do dialogismo dado entre propaganda e arte.

  6. População em situação de rua: contextualização e caracterização

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Costa, Ana Paula Motta

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta a problemática das pessoas em situação de rua, tendo como pano de fundo a sociedade contemporânea, centrada no consumo e não na produção, que produz diariamente pessoas subjugadas pessoal e socialmente, com difícil perspectiva de mudança social, ao mesmo tempo em que o estado desloca sua função de bem-estar social para campos repressivos. Busca-se contextualizar a realidade de exclusão social que vive essa parcela da população, avançando na definição dos principais problemas enfrentados, na perspectiva da violação de direitos e das estratégias de sobrevivência desenvolvidas

  7. Estudo analitico da componente hadronica de superfamilias da radiação cosmica detectadas em camaras de emulsão nuclear

    OpenAIRE

    Cesar Gustavo Silveira da Costa

    1993-01-01

    Resumo: Obtém-se as soluções das equações de difusão unidimensional da cascata hadrônica induzida por um único nucleon na atmosfera, com livres caminhos médios de interação nucleônico e piônico constantes. Por meio destas soluções descrevem-se analiticamente eventos da radiação cósmica, detectados em câmaras de emulsão nuclear, com energias hadrônicas totais visíveis da ordem de 1000 TeV (no referencial de laboratório). Para tanto, introduz-se violação do "Scaling" de Feynman no espectro d...

  8. Photoactive Layer of DSSCS Based on Natural Dyes: A Study of Experiment and Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yuanzuo Li

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Three natural dyes (Forsythia suspensa, Herba Violae, and Corn leaf have been investigated as potential sensitizers for dye-sensitized solar cells. UV-vis absorption spectra reveal that three natural dyes mainly contain the compound of pheophytin a. Among three DSSCs, the highest photo electronic conversion efficiency η is 0.96% with open circuit voltage (VOC of 0.66 V, short circuit current density (ISC  of 1.97 mA cm−2, and fill factor (ff of 0.74. Theoretical time-dependent density functional theory and charge difference density are used to explore the nature of excited states. Results demonstrate that the first state is an intramolecular charge transfer (ICT state, and electron injection could occur owing to the thermodynamically driving force.

  9. Increasing weed flora in Danish beet, pea and winter barley fields

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Christian; Stryhn, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    In Denmark, several political initiatives have been taken to reduce use of pesticides and fertilizer in order to avoid unwanted side effect of the increasing cropping intensification. Based on two nation wide surveys we investigate flora changes and discuss the changes in relation to biodiversity......, crop yield, agricultural management and climate. Our assumption is that the surveys are representative for the country. We present frequency analyses of 90 species recorded in 157 fields surveyed in 1987e89, and in 167 fields surveyed in 2001e04. Based on 4910 circular sample plots in unsprayed areas......, we studied flora changes in four crops and showed that the frequency of many weed species have increased. Particularly some winter annual species (e.g. Veronica arvensis L. and Viola arvensis Murray), grass weeds (Poa annua L., Apera spica-venti (L.) P. Beauv.) and nitrophileous species (e...

  10. On the impact of systematical uncertainties for the CP violation measurement in superbeam experiments

    CERN Document Server

    Huber, Patrick; Schwetz, Thomas

    2008-01-01

    Superbeam experiments can, in principle, achieve impressive sensitivities for CP violation in neutrino oscillations for large $\\theta_{13}$. We study how those sensitivities depend on assumptions about systematical uncertainties. We focus on the second phase of T2K, the so-called T2HK experiment, and we explicitly include a near detector in the analysis. Our main result is that even an idealised near detector cannot remove the dependence on systematical uncertainties completely. Thus additional information is required. We identify certain combinations of uncertainties, which are the key to improve the sensitivity to CP violation, for example the ratio of electron to muon neutrino cross sections and efficiencies. For uncertainties on this ratio larger than 2%, T2HK is systematics dominated. We briefly discuss how our results apply to a possible two far detector configuration, called T2KK. We do not find a significant advantage with respect to the reduction of systematical errors for the measurement of CP viola...

  11. Face detection using beta wavelet filter and cascade classifier entrained with Adaboost

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afdhal, Rim; Bahar, Akram; Ejbali, Ridha; Zaied, Mourad

    2015-12-01

    Face detection has been one of the most studied topics in the computer vision literature due to its relevant role in applications such as video surveillance, human computer interface and face image database management. Here, we will present a face detection approach which contains two steps. The first step is training phase based on Adaboost algorithm. The second step is the detection phase. The proposed approach presents an enhancement of Viola and Jones' algorithm by replacing Haar descriptors with Beta wavelet. The obtained results have proved an excellent performance of detection not only when a face is in front of the camera but also when it is oriented towards the right or the left. Moreover, thanks to the start period needed for the detection, our approach can be applied during a real time experience.

  12. Real-Time Head Pose Estimation on Mobile Platforms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jianfeng Ren

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Many computer vision applications such as augmented reality require head pose estimation. As far as the real-time implementation of head pose estimation on relatively resource limited mobile platforms is concerned, it is required to satisfy real-time constraints while maintaining reasonable head pose estimation accuracy. The introduced head pose estimation approach in this paper is an attempt to meet this objective. The approach consists of the following components: Viola-Jones face detection, color-based face tracking using an online calibration procedure, and head pose estimation using Hu moment features and Fisher linear discriminant. Experimental results running on an actual mobile device are reported exhibiting both the real- time and accuracy aspects of the developed approach.

  13. ATENÇÃO À SAÚDE DE HOMENS E MULHERES EM SITUAÇÃO DE VIOLÊNCIA DOMÉSTICA: uma experiência de Diadema.

    OpenAIRE

    Santos, Analdeci Moreira dos

    2008-01-01

    A situação de violência vivenciada por homens e mulheres pode ser considerada como uma das maiores violação de direitos humanos. Considerando a escassez de estudos sobre o tema, ponderamos à importância de caracterizar uma amostra de homens e mulheres em situação de violência doméstica; avaliação de qualidade de vida e a prevalência de depressão e variáveis sociodemográficas. Foram entrevistados 68 homens e 75 mulheres que responderam ao Whoqol-bref, Inventário Beck de Depressão, o questio...

  14. Violência física contra a criança : fatores de risco e proteção e padrões de interação na família

    OpenAIRE

    Villas Boas, Ana Carolina Villares Barral

    2014-01-01

    A violência física contra a criança na família tem despertado muitos debates sobre as práticas de socialização das gerações mais novas e a violação dos direitos da criança. A violência física atinge milhares de famílias, e muitos casos ocorrem em situações em que os pais punem os filhos como forma de educá-los. Diversas pesquisas apontam para fatores de risco relacionados a esse tipo de violência, tais como a experiência dos pais na família de origem, suas crenças sobre a punição física e a d...

  15. Perceptions of causes of performance-related injuries by music health experts and injured violinists.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ackermann, Bronwen J; Adams, Roger D

    2004-10-01

    Skilled violin and viola players, all of whom had a current performance-related musculoskeletal injury, were asked to report their perceptions of contributing risk factors, consistent with a participatory ergonomics approach. The 26 players, age 18 to 60 years, had been playing for a minimum of 10 years and averaged three hours of practice per day. In addition, 7 music health experts, all with more than 10 years of clinical experience in treating musicians, were asked to report on the risk factors for musicians' performance-related injuries. A high correlation between the perceptions of these two groups was found, with the same top five factors in terms of severity indicated by both groups. Factors rated as high risk were primarily intrinsic and related to the manner in which respondents practiced, to playing posture, and to flaws in skill technique.

  16. Músicos cegos ou cegos músicos: representações de compensação sensorial na história da arte

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucia Reily

    Full Text Available A representação de músicos cegos foi tema recorrente entre os artistas desde a Antiguidade. O presente estudo descreve historicamente as concepções sobre a figura do músico cego baseado nas obras que atravessam os séculos. A análise da concentração de harpistas na Antiguidade, de tocadores de viola de roda na Idade Média até o Barroco, de violinistas e violonistas entre os séculos XVII e XIX e o aparecimento do acordeão a partir do século XIX permite falar do flutuante papel do músico cego na sociedade. O estudo mostra que na Era Cristã predominava o papel de cego músico, trabalhando na marginalidade e na miséria, onde sua performance musical legitimava a mendicância.

  17. MOUSE OCULAR PARA PESSOAS COM MOVIMENTOS LIMITADOS CAUSADOS POR PROBLEMAS CERVICAIS E/OU CEREBRAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Bitencourt dos Santos

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available People with limited movement caused by cervical or brain problems are limited on the use of a computer because of the difficulty in moving their arms. The solution presented in this paper aims to provide accessibility for these people so that they can communicate using a computer at a low cost and with minimal intrusion possible. Thus, a computer vision system was developed from the application of the techniques Viola and Jones (AdaBoost and Hough-Circles, capable of performing functions of a mouse and a virtual keyboard by detecting eye movements and eyelids of the user. With the proposed system, a person with physical limitations is able to use simple functions of a computer just moving the eyes and eyelids, without using sensors, brackets or markers that could be intrusive and raise the cost of the solution.

  18. Screening of 33 Medicinal Plants for the Microelements Content

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ducu Sandu Ştef

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The microelements content of 33 medicinal plants was analyzed. The analysed microelements were: Iron, copper, zinc, manganese, cobalt, chromium, nickel, cadmium and lead. Mineral contents were determinate by flame atomic absorption spectrometry (F-AAS with high resolution continuum source ContrAA 300 spectrometer. The contents in microelements for analysed samples were in range: 18.1 ppm (Symphytum officinale - 1.4 ppm (Rhamnus frangula, for Copper; 26,2 ppm (Valeriana officinalis – 4,3 ppm (Rhamnus frangula, for Zinc; 214 ppm. (Violae tricoloris herba - 18 ppm (Equisetum arvense, for Manganese; 826 ppm (Calendula officinalis - 23 ppm (Rhamnus frangula, for Iron. The microelements contents (Cu, Zn, Mn, Fe, Co, Cr, Ni, Cd and Pb have grouped the analyzed medicinal plants in two main clusters. First main cluster was formed by other two groups.

  19. Dano à imagem

    OpenAIRE

    Lúcia Lima Bezerra, Regina

    2003-01-01

    A dissertação apresenta as violações do direito à imagem e sua evolução desde os primórdios da existência humana até os dias de hoje. Na elucidação do tema, ressaltam-se a autonomia do direito e a independência do respectivo dano, analisadas em consonância com as teorias construídas na doutrina e jurisprudência nacionais. A abordagem destaca ainda a evolução legislativa da proteção do direito à imagem, conferida de forma específica pela Constituição Federal de 1988, que p...

  20. RECURSO AO LEGISLADOR: CONSIDERAÇÕES EM TORNO DO CONTROLE LEGISLATIVO AO PODER JUDICIÁRIO (UM EPITÁFIO À PEC Nº33)

    OpenAIRE

    Dettmam, Deborah; Matos, Nelson Juliano Cardoso

    2017-01-01

    Este artigo discute se o recurso ao povo ou ao legislador, como instrumento de resolução dos conflitos entre os poderes, viola a separação de poderes e a independência do poder judiciário ou se, antes disso, dá fiel execução à separação de poderes. Para alcançar esse objetivo, esse artigo investiga se existe relação entre o recurso ao legislador e os regimes autoritários; se a Constituição Federal de 1988 proíbe outro guardião constitucional, que não o Supremo Tribunal Federal, e quais as con...

  1. Euro Banknote Recognition System for Blind People

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larisa Dunai Dunai

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents the development of a portable system with the aim of allowing blind people to detect and recognize Euro banknotes. The developed device is based on a Raspberry Pi electronic instrument and a Raspberry Pi camera, Pi NoIR (No Infrared filter dotted with additional infrared light, which is embedded into a pair of sunglasses that permit blind and visually impaired people to independently handle Euro banknotes, especially when receiving their cash back when shopping. The banknote detection is based on the modified Viola and Jones algorithms, while the banknote value recognition relies on the Speed Up Robust Features (SURF technique. The accuracies of banknote detection and banknote value recognition are 84% and 97.5%, respectively.

  2. O provedor de justiça europeu e a democratização das instituições comunitárias

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janaína Rigo Santin

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo visa a analisar as questões da cidadania europeia e do deficit democrático das instituições supranacionais. Nesse sentido, aborda a instituição do Provedor de Justiça Europeu. Trata-se de um indivíduo nomeado pelo Parlamento Europeu com a função de, quer por iniciativa própria quer baseado em queixas que lhe tenham sido apresentadas por cidadãos e residentes europeus, investigar e proceder a inquéritos sobre irregularidades na atuação dos órgãos comunitários, bem como emitir recomendações com o fim de corrigir os casos de má administração e violação aos direitos humanos por ele detectados. O objeto de atuação do Provedor de Justiça Europeu é o exercício da atividade política e a prestação dos serviços públicos, em âmbito comunitário. Trata-se um canal de acesso da cidadania aos órgãos de poder político, controlando a má atuação das instituições ou organismos comunitários e a violação de direitos, com amplos poderes de supervisão no intuito maior que é a persecução do direito fundamental a uma boa administração.

  3. Pythium cederbergense sp. nov. and related taxa from Pythium clade G associated with the South African indigenous plant Aspalathus linearis (rooibos).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahramisharif, Amirhossein; Lamprecht, Sandra C; Spies, Christoffel F J; Botha, Wilhelm J; McLeod, Adéle

    2013-01-01

    The genus Pythium consists of more than 120 species and is subdivided into 11 phylogenetic clades (A-K) based on internal transcribed spacer (ITS) region sequence data. Pythium clade G contains only seven known species, with most not being well described. Our study characterized 12 Pythium isolates from Aspalathus linearis (rooibos) that fit into clade G. Phylogenetic analyses of the ITS region and a combined phylogeny of four gene regions (ITS, β-tubulin, COX1 and COX2 [cytochrome c oxidase subunits I, II]) identified five clade G subclades. The rooibos isolates formed two groups, Pythium Rooibos I (RB I) and II (RB II), that clustered into two separate clades within subclade 1. The nine Pythium RB I isolates formed a distinct clade from P. iwayamai and is described here as a new species, Pythium cederbergense sp. nov. The three Pythium RB II isolates had P. canariense and P. violae as their closest relatives and were genetically diverse, suggesting the presence of several new species or a species complex that cannot be resolved with the current data, thus precluding a species description of this group. Morphological analyses showed that P. cederbergense and Pythium RB II were indistinguishable from each other but distinct from known clade G species. Clade G studies are being hampered by imprecise morphological descriptions of P. violae, P. canariense and P. iwayamai and each species being represented by only one isolate. The P. cederbergense and Pythium RB II isolates all were nonpathogenic toward rooibos, lupin and oats seedlings. One oligonucleotide was developed for each of P. cederbergense and Pythium RB II, which was able to differentiate the isolates with DNA macro-array analyses.

  4. Bioactive compounds in edible flowers processed by radiation; Compostos bioativos em flores comestiveis processadas por radiacao

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koike, Amanda Cristina Ramos

    2015-07-01

    Edible flowers are increasingly being used in culinary preparations, being also recognized for their potential valuable effects in human health, which require new approaches to improve their conservation and safety. These highly perishable products should be grown without using any pesticide. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, ensuring food quality, increasing shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, to ensure food quality, to increase shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Tropaeolum majus L. (nasturtium) and Viola tricolor L. (johnny-jump-up) flowers are widely used in culinary preparations, being also acknowledged for their antioxidant properties and high content of phenolics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of gamma and electron beam irradiation (doses of 0, 0.5, 0.8 and 1 kGy) on the antioxidant activity, phenolic compounds, physical aspects and antiproliferative potential of edible flowers. Kaempferol-O-hexoside-O-hexoside was the most abundant compound in all samples of Tropaeolum majus flower while pelargonidin-3-O-sophoroside was the major anthocyanin. In general, irradiated samples gave higher antioxidant activity, probably due to their higher amounts of phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source . The Viola tricolor samples displayed flavonols as the most abundant phenolic compounds, particularly those derived from quercetin. In general, gamma-irradiated samples, independently of the applied dose, showed higher amounts in phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source. The antioxidant activity was also higher among irradiated samples. The two species of edible flowers have not provided the samples did not show potential antiproliferative and cytotoxicity. Accordingly, the applied irradiation treatments seemed to represent a feasible technology

  5. Faces in places: humans and machines make similar face detection errors.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Marius 't Hart

    Full Text Available The human visual system seems to be particularly efficient at detecting faces. This efficiency sometimes comes at the cost of wrongfully seeing faces in arbitrary patterns, including famous examples such as a rock configuration on Mars or a toast's roast patterns. In machine vision, face detection has made considerable progress and has become a standard feature of many digital cameras. The arguably most wide-spread algorithm for such applications ("Viola-Jones" algorithm achieves high detection rates at high computational efficiency. To what extent do the patterns that the algorithm mistakenly classifies as faces also fool humans? We selected three kinds of stimuli from real-life, first-person perspective movies based on the algorithm's output: correct detections ("real faces", false positives ("illusory faces" and correctly rejected locations ("non faces". Observers were shown pairs of these for 20 ms and had to direct their gaze to the location of the face. We found that illusory faces were mistaken for faces more frequently than non faces. In addition, rotation of the real face yielded more errors, while rotation of the illusory face yielded fewer errors. Using colored stimuli increases overall performance, but does not change the pattern of results. When replacing the eye movement by a manual response, however, the preference for illusory faces over non faces disappeared. Taken together, our data show that humans make similar face-detection errors as the Viola-Jones algorithm, when directing their gaze to briefly presented stimuli. In particular, the relative spatial arrangement of oriented filters seems of relevance. This suggests that efficient face detection in humans is likely to be pre-attentive and based on rather simple features as those encoded in the early visual system.

  6. Breves comentários sobre a questão da tortura enquanto prática imprescritível e violadora dos direitos humanos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    William Eufrásio Nunes Pereira

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A tortura, enquanto ato de impor a terceiros sofrimentos físicos e/ou psicológicos para obtenção de respostas a questões que se deseja respondidas, sempre foi uma forma corriqueira entre os humanos. Esse ato se tornou mais danoso quando assumiu a dimensão institucionalizada por parte do leviatã. Forma usual, mas em decadência com a ocorrência do desenvolvimento social, político, econômico e jurídico do Século XX. Esse trabalho apresenta uma sucinta discussão sobre a tortura enquanto violação dos direitos humanos. Mostra que contra essa violação os organismos internacionais elaboraram convenções, normas, tratados e protocolos que visam  reduzir, quando não extinguir a pratica de atos violentos contra os direitos da humanidade, em especial, contra a vida. Relata que o Brasil assinou as convenções, mas vem apresentando uma sensível lentidão na implementação de mecanismo que efetivamente coíbam a pratica da tortura. No entanto, os mecanismos criados têm forçado ao ajustamento das normas e mecanismos internos as demandas sociais potencializados pelos foros internacionais, em particular, a Corte internacional de Direitos Humanos. A metodologia constituiu-se de uma pesquisa bibliográfica em livros e artigos sobre o tema em tela. Conclui com a constatação de que ainda irá demorar muito para o Brasil ajustar e tornar efetiva a ação dos mecanismos de combate a tortura, garantindo a plenitude dos direitos da humanidade, em especial o de não ser torturado.

  7. Memórias e representações dos estudantes secundaristas desaparecidos durante a última ditadura civil-militar argentina (1976 - 1983

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos Tolentino

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available A proposta do presente artigo é analisar as memórias e representações produzidas acerca dos desaparecidos na Argentina pós-ditatorial. Para tanto, analisaremos um perfil específico de vítimas da repressão: estudantes secundaristas desaparecidos. Demonstraremos que este perfil foi utilizado para denunciar as violações sistemáticas aos direitos humanos cometidos ao longo dos sete anos da última ditadura civil-militar (1976-1983, principalmente para contrapor os argumentos do regime para respaldar a sua guerra contra a subversão. Apontaremos assim de que maneira se construiu desde as primeiras denúncias durante a ditadura um perfil específico de vítimas que apenas compartilhavam o fato de serem adolescentes e estudantes secundaristas quando foram sequestrados e desaparecidos. Podemos perceber que há uma permanência dessa representação ao longo da democracia, sobretudo no seu uso reiterado como um dos principais veículos de denúncia das violações contra os direitos humanos cometidas na última ditadura. Apresentaremos quais os elementos que a conformaram, assim como os que são silenciados e esquecidos nas diferentes memórias produzidas sobre os estudantes desaparecidos; e quais as consequências da sua reiteração para um entendimento crítico das condições nas quais se produziram tais desaparecimentos. Palavras-chave: Argentina; Memória; Ditadura civil-militar; Estudantes; Desaparecidos.

  8. O SIGNIFICADO SOCIAL DOS TERMOS E EXPRESSÕES REFERENTES A EPIDEMIAS NO CEARÁ OITOCENTISTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco de Freitas LEITE

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available • RESUMO: Este artigo objetiva analisar o significado social dos termos e expressões referentes a epidemias de cólera e de varíola que acometeram milhares de pessoas no Ceará durante o século XIX, sobretudo a partir de um corpus constituído da novela de 1899, Violação, de Rodolfo Teófilo; e de textos jornalísticos do semanário O Araripe, impresso de 1855 a 1864 em Crato-Ceará. É um trabalho que se situa no âmbito da Linguística Histórica lato sensu, sendo utilizada como metodologia de análise essencialmente aquela da História Social da Linguagem, nos moldes dos trabalhos de Burke e Porter (1993, 1997 e Burke (2010. Também subjazem ao nosso trabalho analítico as propostas teóricas de Benveniste (1995, 1989, principalmente aquelas que abordam a relação que se estabelece entre língua e realidade ou entre léxico e cultura. Nossas conclusões, advindas das análises, apontam para a necessidade de entendermos a linguagem não como simulacro da realidade, mas como parte viva da realidade social, cultural e histórica do homem. A relação entre as palavras e as doenças pode ser marcada por concepções e preconceitos históricos e socioculturais e revelar as funções sociais que tem a linguagem. • PALAVRAS-CHAVE: Linguística histórica. História social da Linguagem. Violação, de Rodolfo Teófilo. Semanário O Araripe. Enfermidades. Língua e realidade.

  9. Bioactive compounds in edible flowers processed by radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koike, Amanda Cristina Ramos

    2015-01-01

    Edible flowers are increasingly being used in culinary preparations, being also recognized for their potential valuable effects in human health, which require new approaches to improve their conservation and safety. These highly perishable products should be grown without using any pesticide. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, ensuring food quality, increasing shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Irradiation treatment might be the answer to these problems, to ensure food quality, to increase shelf-life and disinfestation of foods. Tropaeolum majus L. (nasturtium) and Viola tricolor L. (johnny-jump-up) flowers are widely used in culinary preparations, being also acknowledged for their antioxidant properties and high content of phenolics. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the dose-dependent effects of gamma and electron beam irradiation (doses of 0, 0.5, 0.8 and 1 kGy) on the antioxidant activity, phenolic compounds, physical aspects and antiproliferative potential of edible flowers. Kaempferol-O-hexoside-O-hexoside was the most abundant compound in all samples of Tropaeolum majus flower while pelargonidin-3-O-sophoroside was the major anthocyanin. In general, irradiated samples gave higher antioxidant activity, probably due to their higher amounts of phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source . The Viola tricolor samples displayed flavonols as the most abundant phenolic compounds, particularly those derived from quercetin. In general, gamma-irradiated samples, independently of the applied dose, showed higher amounts in phenolic compounds, which were also favored by the 1.0 kGy dose, regardless of the source. The antioxidant activity was also higher among irradiated samples. The two species of edible flowers have not provided the samples did not show potential antiproliferative and cytotoxicity. Accordingly, the applied irradiation treatments seemed to represent a feasible technology

  10. Oral conditions and dysphagia in Japanese, community-dwelling middle- and older- aged adults, independent in daily living

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Inui A

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Akinari Inui,1 Ippei Takahashi,2 Sizuka Kurauchi,2 Yuki Soma,2 Toshiaki Oyama,1 Yoshihiro Tamura,1 Takao Noguchi,1 Kouichi Murashita,3 Shigeyuki Nakaji,2 Wataru Kobayashi1 1Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, 2Department of Social Medicine, 3COI Research Initiatives Organization, Hirosaki University Graduate School of Medicine, Hirosaki, Aomori Prefecture, Japan Purpose: Prevention, early detection and effective rehabilitation of dysphagia are important issues to be considered in an aging society. Previous studies have shown conflicting findings regarding the association between dysphagia and its potential risk factors, including age, malnutrition, oral conditions, lifestyle and medical history. Herein, we assessed the prevalence and association of dysphagia with potential risk factors in 50- to 79-year-old adults dwelling in a community in Japan. Patients and methods: In this study, there were 532 participants (185 males and 347 females. Participants who responded positively to the question “Do you sometimes choke on drinks/food such as tea and soup?” or those who presented with abnormal repetitive saliva swallowing test findings were diagnosed with dysphagia. The data collected from these participants included the following: number of teeth, occurrence of oral dryness, age, body mass index, serum albumin concentration, smoking, drinking and exercise habits, presence of diseases, such as diabetes mellitus and hypertension, and questions from the Mini–Mental State Examination. Results: Dysphagia was observed in 33 males (17.8% and 76 females (21.9%. To explore the effect of the potential risk factors on the prevalence of dysphagia, a model was built by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Using the forced entry method, oral dryness (odds ratio [OR] =3.683 and P=0.003 in males; OR =1.797 and P=0.032 in females and the number of teeth (OR =0.946 and P=0.038 in males were found to be significantly related to dysphagia

  11. [Self-reported obituary columns in a local daily newspaper].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakamura, Yosikazu; Matsubara, Yuri; Sasahara, Teppei; Kojo, Takao; Ae, Ryusuke; Aoyama, Yasuko; Makino, Nobuko; Koike, Soichi; Ishikawa, Shizukiyo

    2018-01-01

    Objectives To reveal the features of death and subsequent funeral services, we analyzed self-reported obituaries in The Shimotsuke, a local daily newspaper in Tochigi, Japan. In addition, the usefulness and disadvantages of such a database of deaths based on the obituaries were discussed.Method For a 5-year period, from January 2011 through December 2015, all the obituary columns in The Shimotsuke were computerized as a database and analyzed. Some results were compared with the vital statistics data in the corresponding period of time. Data analyzed were: dead persons' address (municipalities), name, sex, cause of death, age at death, date of death and funeral services, the chief mourner (Moshu), and so on.Results During the observed 5-year period, 69,793 deaths appeared in the columns, which were 67.6% of the all deaths in the vital statistics. No difference was observed in the proportions between the sexes in the published deaths in comparison with the vital statistics. In both sexes, the proportion was low in 0-9 years old, then high among 10-19 years, decreasing in 20s, and after then the proportion increased according to the age. The proportion was low in city areas, such as Utsunomiya and Oyama, and high in some cities and towns in the northern or eastern parts of Tochigi prefecture. The highest was in Motegi Town (88.0%), and the lowest was Nogi Town (38.0%), which is located in the southern-most part of the prefecture and is closest to the Tokyo metropolitan area. Almost all the funeral services were conducted within a week of the death, and no delays were observed to have been caused by the short supply of cremation services, which exists in large cities in Japan. In case where the chief mourner was a child, a parent, or a spouse of a child, the male sex was dominant. Analyses of death from senile decay, suicide, and homicide indicated that the accuracy of the published cause of death was low. The date of the funeral services was strongly influenced

  12. Strategies for reducing body fat mass: effects of liposuction and exercise on cardiovascular risk factors and adiposity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benatti FB

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available Fabiana Braga Benatti1, Fábio Santos Lira2, Lila Missae Oyama2, Cláudia Maria da Penha Oller do Nascimento2, Antonio Herbert Lancha Junior11School of Physical Education and Sport, University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, Brazil; 2Department of Physiology, Division of Nutrition Physiology, Federal University of Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo, BrazilAbstract: Liposuction is the most popular aesthetic surgery performed in Brazil and worldwide. Evidence showing that adipose tissue is a metabolically active tissue has led to the suggestion that liposuction could be a viable method for improving metabolic profile through the immediate loss of adipose tissue. However, the immediate liposuction-induced increase in the proportion of visceral to subcutaneous adipose tissue could be detrimental to metabolism, because a high proportion of visceral to subcutaneous adipose tissue is associated with risk factors for cardiovascular disease. The results of studies investigating the effects of liposuction on the metabolic profile are inconsistent, however, with most studies reporting either no change or improvements in one or more cardiovascular risk factors. In addition, animal studies have demonstrated a compensatory growth of intact adipose tissue in response to lipectomy, although studies with humans have reported inconsistent results. Exercise training improves insulin sensitivity, inflammatory balance, lipid oxidation, and adipose tissue distribution; increases or preserves the fat-free mass; and increases total energy expenditure. Thus, liposuction and exercise appear to directly affect metabolism in similar ways, which suggests a possible interaction between these two strategies. To our knowledge, no studies have reported the associated effects of liposuction and exercise in humans. Nonetheless, one could suggest that exercise training associated with liposuction could attenuate or even block the possible compensatory fat deposition in intact depots or regrowth of the

  13. Early exposure to distinct sources of lipids affects differently the development and hepatic inflammatory profiles of 21-day-old rat offspring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mennitti LV

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Laís Vales Mennitti,1 Lila Missae Oyama,2 Aline Boveto Santamarina,1 Claudia Maria da Penha Oller do Nascimento,2 Luciana Pellegrini Pisani3 1PhD Program ‘Interdisciplinar in Health Sciences’, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP, Santos, SP, Brazil; 2Department of Physiology, Discipline of Nutrition Physiology, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP, São Paulo, SP, Brazil; 3Department of Biosciences, Institute of Health and Society, Federal University of São Paulo (UNIFESP, Santos, SP, Brazil Introduction: Maternal diet composition of fatty acids during pregnancy and lactation seems to modify the fetal programming, epigenetic pattern and offspring phenotype. Aim: Herein, we investigated the effects of maternal consumption of normal-fat diets with distinct lipid sources during pregnancy and lactation on the somatic development and proinflammatory status of 21-day-old rat offspring. Materials and Methods: On the first day of pregnancy, female Wistar rats were divided into four groups as follows: soybean oil (M-SO, lard (M-L, hydrogenated vegetable fat (M-HVF and fish oil (M-FO. Diets were maintained during pregnancy and lactation. Male offspring constituted the SO, L, HVF and FO groups. Pups were weighed and measured weekly. Lipopolysaccharide serum concentration was determined. Tumor necrosis factor alpha, interleukin (IL-6 and IL-10 in the liver were evaluated by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Liver gene expressions were determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction. Protein expressions in the liver were analyzed by Western blotting. Results: We observed an increase in body weight and adiposity in L and HVF groups. Moreover, HVF group showed an increase in the toll-like receptor 4 mRNA levels, IL10Rα and phosphorylated form of IκB kinase (IKK; p-IKKα+β protein expression. The FO group presented a decrease in body weight, relative weight of retroperitoneal adipose tissue, ADIPOR2 gene expression, lipopolysaccharide

  14. A randomized multicenter Phase II study of perioperative tiotropium intervention in gastric cancer patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fushida S

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Sachio Fushida,1,2 Katsunobu Oyama,1,2 Masahide Kaji,2 Yasuo Hirono,2 Jun Kinoshita,1,2 Tomoya Tsukada,1,2 Hideaki Nezuka,2 Tatsuo Nakano,2 Masahiro Noto,2 Koji Nishijima,2 Takashi Fujimura,2 Tetsuo Ohta1,2 1Department of Gastroenterological Surgery, Kanazawa University Hospital, 2Digestive Disease Support Organization (DDSO, Kanazawa, Japan Background: Tiotropium, a long-acting inhaled anticholinergic drug, has been widely used in the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. However, the issue of whether perioperative tiotropium improves postoperative outcomes for gastric cancer patients with COPD remains unclear. Thus, the aim of this study was to determine the efficacy of perioperative tiotropium intervention for gastric cancer patients with COPD.Patients and methods: Eighty-four gastric cancer patients with mild-to-moderate COPD were randomly assigned to receive perioperative pulmonary rehabilitation alone (control group or pulmonary rehabilitation with 18 µg of tiotropium once daily (tiotropium group. The patients in the tiotropium group received tiotropium for more than 1 week before surgery and for 2 weeks after surgery. Spirometry was performed prior to group assignment and at 2 weeks after surgery. Postoperative complications, forced expiratory volume in 1 second, forced vital capacity, and the ratio of forced expiratory volume in second to forced vital capacity (% were compared between the two groups.Results: There were no significant differences between the two groups in terms of age, body mass index, smoking, gastrectomy incision, operation time, and bleeding volume (all P>0.05. Postoperative complications and pulmonary functions did not differ significantly between the control and tiotropium groups. A subgroup analysis of gastric cancer patients with moderate COPD showed that perioperative tiotropium intervention significantly decreased the rate of postoperative complications compared with the control group (P=0

  15. Daughters of the Dust (Julie Dash, 1991, le récit d’esclave revisité

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delphine Letort

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Julie Dash dédie Daughters of the Dust aux femmes de la communauté noire, animée par le désir de lever le voile sur les secrets d’une histoire commune transformée en tabou par le silence qui entoure le concept de féminité à l’époque de l’esclavage. Le film se concentre sur la famille Peazant dont les membres sont divisés à la veille de migrer vers le nord : certains craignent l’éclatement de la famille (Nana tandis que d’autres l’envisagent comme un renouveau (Viola, Haagar. Julie Dash utilise la figure de la migration pour explorer les complexités de l’identité afro-américaine. Tout en permettant aux femmes de faire face aux dilemmes les plus intimes (viol, couleur de peau, grossesse, sexualité, rôles féminins/masculins, la réalisatrice s’efforce de faire mentir les stéréotypes hollywoodiens de femmes noires. Elle se tourne vers le passé non seulement pour y puiser une source d’inspiration et de création, mais elle évoque avec nostalgie une vie tribale idéalisée qui n’a jamais existé sinon dans l’imaginaire des Afrocentristes.Julie Dash dedica Daughters of the Dust a las mujeres de la comunidad negra, estimulada por el deseo de desvelar los secretos de una historia común, transformada en tabú por el silencio que rodea el concepto de feminidad en la época de la esclavitud. La película se articula en torno a la familia Peazant cuyos miembros están divididos entre ellos en vísperas de emigrar hacia el norte. Algunos temen la disgregación de la familia (Nana, mientras que para otros es una oportunidad de renovación (Viola, Haagar. Julie Dash utiliza la figura de la emigración para explorar la complejidad, en toda su diversidad, de la identidad afroamericana. La realizadora trata de desmentir los estereotipos hollywoodienses de mujeres negras y, de manera paralela, permite a las mujeres el enfrentarse a los dilemas más íntimos (violación, color de la piel, embarazo, sexualidad, roles

  16. Allelopathic potential of Sapindus saponaria L. leaves in the control of weeds=Potencial alelopático de folhas de Sapindus saponaria L. no controle de plantas daninhas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Garcia Santana

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this work was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of aqueous extracts of young and mature leaves from Sapindus saponaria on diaspore germination and seedling growth of barnyardgrass (Echinochloa crus-galli and morningglory (Ipomoea grandifolia. The aqueous extract was prepared in a proportion of 100 g of dried, ground leaves dissolved in 1000 mL of distilled water, resulting in a 10% extract concentrate. Dilutions of this concentrate were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0 and 2.5%. In seedling growth tests, we compared the effect of these extracts with the herbicide nicosulfuron. Both extracts of mature and young leaves caused delays and reductions in diaspore germination and seedling length of barnyardgrass and morningglory, with the most intense effects observed at a concentration of 10%. The effects of the young leaf extract were more similar to those observed with the herbicide, demonstrating that leaf maturation stage of S. saponaria affects its inhibitory effects on the growth of other plants and that this species is effective in controlling weeds.O objetivo deste trabalho foi avaliar o potencial alelopático do extrato aquoso de folhas jovens e maduras de Sapindus saponaria (sabão-de-soldado na germinação de diásporos e no crescimento de plântulas de capim-arroz (Echinochloa crus-galli e corda-de-viola (Ipomoea grandifolia. O extrato aquoso foi preparado na proporção de 100 g de folhas secas e trituradas dissolvidas em 1000 mL de água destilada, produzindo-se o extrato considerado concentrado (10%. A partir deste, foram feitas diluições em água destilada para 7,5; 5,0 e 2,5%. No teste de crescimento de plântulas comparou-se o efeito desses extratos com o herbicida nicosulfuron. Os extratos de folhas maduras e jovens causaram atraso e redução na germinação dos diásporos e no comprimento das plântulas de capim-arroz e corda-de-viola, com efeitos mais intensos na concentração de 10%. No entanto, os

  17. Traffic Sign Detection System for Locating Road Intersections and Roundabouts: The Chilean Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalón-Sepúlveda, Gabriel; Torres-Torriti, Miguel; Flores-Calero, Marco

    2017-05-25

    This paper presents a traffic sign detection method for signs close to road intersections and roundabouts, such as stop and yield (give way) signs. The proposed method relies on statistical templates built using color information for both segmentation and classification. The segmentation method uses the RGB-normalized (ErEgEb) color space for ROIs (Regions of Interest) generation based on a chromaticity filter, where templates at 10 scales are applied to the entire image. Templates consider the mean and standard deviation of normalized color of the traffic signs to build thresholding intervals where the expected color should lie for a given sign. The classification stage employs the information of the statistical templates over YCbCr and ErEgEb color spaces, for which the background has been previously removed by using a probability function that models the probability that the pixel corresponds to a sign given its chromaticity values. This work includes an analysis of the detection rate as a function of the distance between the vehicle and the sign. Such information is useful to validate the robustness of the approach and is often not included in the existing literature. The detection rates, as a function of distance, are compared to those of the well-known Viola-Jones method. The results show that for distances less than 48 m, the proposed method achieves a detection rate of 87.5 % and 95.4 % for yield and stop signs, respectively. For distances less than 30 m, the detection rate is 100 % for both signs. The Viola-Jones approach has detection rates below 20 % for distances between 30 and 48 m, and barely improves in the 20-30 m range with detection rates of up to 60 % . Thus, the proposed method provides a robust alternative for intersection detection that relies on statistical color-based templates instead of shape information. The experiments employed videos of traffic signs taken in several streets of Santiago, Chile, using a research platform implemented at

  18. Pequeña narrativa de la narrativa: metáfora, identidad e imagen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arribas, Sonia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes and criticizes from the perspective of the philosophy of language Ricoeur’s homology between one of the main tenets of hermeneutics —the hermeneutic circle— and the concept of (individual and collective narrative. Narrative is a topic much discussed in contemporary political philosophy in connection with the problem of identity. The goal of the article is to retain the concept of narrative as valid for political philosophy in reference to identity-formation, but only if we leave aside many of its hermeneutic presuppositions, such as the priority of metaphor over metonymy, and of identity over difference. In order to sustain this thesis, it establishes a parallel between metaphor, narrative and the visual image using as an example a commentary on the work of the video-artist Bill Viola.Este artículo analiza y critica desde la perspectiva de la filosofía del lenguaje la homología que Ricoeur lleva a cabo entre uno de los principios fundamentales de la hermenéutica —el círculo hermenéutico— y el concepto de narrativa (individual y colectiva. La narrativa es un tema crucial en la filosofía política contemporánea en conexión con el problema de la identidad. El objetivo es mostrar que el concepto de narrativa debe seguir siendo importante en filosofía política y en lo que se refiere a la configuración de identidades, pero sólo si abandonamos muchas de sus presuposiciones hermenéuticas, como la prioridad de la metáfora sobre la metonimia, y la de la identidad sobre la diferencia. Para confirmar esta tesis, el artículo establece un paralelismo entre la metáfora, la narrativa y la imagen visual utilizando como ejemplo un comentario a la obra del vídeo-artista Bill Viola.

  19. Fishers' knowledge on the coast of Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Begossi, Alpina; Salivonchyk, Svetlana; Lopes, Priscila F M; Silvano, Renato A M

    2016-06-01

    Although fishers' knowledge has been recently considered into management programmes, there is still the need to establish a better understanding of fishers' perceptions and cognition. Fishers can provide novel information on the biology and ecology of species, which can potentially be used in the management of fisheries. The knowledge fishers have and how they classify nature is empirically based. It is common, for example, to observe that fishers' taxonomy is often represented by the generic level, one of the hierarchical categories of folk classification that is somewhat analogous to the Linnean genus, as it groups organisms of a higher rank than the folk species.In this study we compiled the knowledge fishers have on local fish, such as their folk names, diet and habitat. Five coastal communities widely distributed along the Brazilian coast were studied: two from the northeast (Porto Sauípe and Itacimirim, in Bahia State, n of interviewees = 34), two from the southeast (Itaipu at Niterói and Copacabana at Rio de Janeiro, Rio de Janeiro State, n = 35) and one from the south coast (Pântano do Sul, in Santa Catarina State, n = 23). Fish pictures were randomly ordered and the same order was presented to all interviewees (n = 92), when they were then asked about the species name and classification and its habitat and diet preferences. Fishers make clusters of fish species, usually hierarchically; fishers of the coast of Brazil use mostly primary lexemes (generic names) to name fish; and fishers did not differentiate between scientific species, since the same folk generic name included two different scientific species. Fishers provide information on species to which there is scarce or no information on diet and habitat, such as Rhinobatos percellens (chola guitarfish, arraia viola or cação viola), Sphoeroides dorsalis (marbled puffer, baiacu), Mycteroperca acutirostris (comb grouper, badejo) and Dasyatis guttata (longnose stingray, arraia, arraia

  20. Efeito alelopático do fruto de Sapindus saponaria na germinação e na morfologia de plântulas daninhas e de hortaliças Allelopathic effect of Sapindus saponaria fruit on germination and seedlings morphology of weed and vegetables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P.U. Grisi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste estudo foi avaliar o potencial alelopático do extrato aquoso de frutos de Sapindus saponaria (sabão-de-soldado na germinação de diásporos e na morfologia de plântulas de Lactuca sativa (alface, Allium cepa (cebola, Echinochloa crus-galli (capim-arroz e Ipomoea grandifolia (corda-de-viola. O extrato aquoso dos frutos foi preparado na proporção de 100 g de material vegetal fresco para 1.000 mL de água destilada, produzindo-se a concentração de 10%. A partir dele, foram feitas diluições em água destilada para 7,5, 5,0 e 2,5%. O extrato do fruto Sapindus saponaria evidenciou potencialidades alelopáticas tanto sobre as espécies de hortaliças quanto sobre as de plantas daninhas. O efeito inibitório sobre o processo de germinação dos diásporos e morfologia das plântulas de alface, cebola, capim-arroz e corda-de-viola foi dependente da concentração. Os resultados mostram o potencial do extrato proveniente dos frutos de Sapindus saponaria como um herbicida a ser utilizado em práticas de agricultura sustentável.The aim of this study was to evaluate the allelopathic potential of the aqueous extract of Sapindus saponaria (soapberry fruit on seed germination and seedling morphology of Lactuca sativa (lettuce, Allium cepa (onion, Echinochloa crus-galli (barnyard grass, and Ipomoea grandifolia (morningglory. The aqueous extract of the fruit was prepared using 100 g of fresh plant material dissolved in 1,000 mL of distilled water, resulting in 10% concentration. The dilutions were made with distilled water to 7.5, 5.0, and 2.5%. The Sapindus saponaria fruit extract showed allelopathic potential on the vegetable and weed species. The inhibitory effect on the seed germination process and seedling morphology of lettuce, onion, barnyard grass, and morningglory was concentration dependent. The results showed the potential use of the Sapindus saponaria fruit extract as herbicide in sustainable agricultural practices.

  1. BEAGLEBOARD EMBEDDED SYSTEM FOR ADAPTIVE TRAFFIC LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM WITH CAMERA SENSOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Febrian Rachmadi

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Traffic is one of the most important aspects in human daily life because traffic affects smoothness of capital flows, logistics, and other community activities. Without appropriate traffic light control system, possibility of traffic congestion will be very high and hinder people’s life in urban areas. Adaptive traffic light control system can be used to solve traffic congestions in an intersection because it can adaptively change the durations of green light each lane in an intersection depend on traffic density. The proposed adaptive traffic light control system prototype uses Beagleboard-xM, CCTV camera, and AVR microcontrollers. We use computer vision technique to obtain information on traffic density combining Viola-Jones method with Kalman Filter method. To calculate traffic light time of each traffic light in intersection, we use Distributed Constraint Satisfaction Problem (DCSP. From implementations and experiments results, we conclude that BeagleBoard-xM can be used as main engine of adaptive traffic light control system with 91.735% average counting rate. Lalu intas adalah salah satu aspek yang paling penting dalam kehidupan sehari-hari manusia karena lalu lintas memengaruhi kelancaran arus modal, logistik, dan kegiatan masyarakat lainnya. Tanpa sistem kontrol lampu lalu lintas yang memadai, kemungkinan kemacetan lalu lintas akan sangat tinggi dan menghambat kehidupan masyarakat di perkotaan. Sistem kontrol lampu lalu lintas adaptif dapat digunakan untuk memecahkan kemacetan lalu lintas di persimpangan karena dapat mengubah durasi lampu hijau di setiap persimpangan jalan tergantung pada kepadatan lalu lintas. Prototipe sistem kontrol lampu lalu lintas menggunakan BeagleBoard-XM, kamera CCTV, dan mikrokontroler AVR. Peneliti menggunakan teknik computer vision untuk mendapatkan informasi tentang kepadatan lalu lintas dengan menggabungkan metode Viola-Jones dan metode Filter Kalman. Untuk menghitung waktu setiap lampu lalu lintas

  2. Human ear detection in the thermal infrared spectrum

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abaza, Ayman; Bourlai, Thirimachos

    2012-06-01

    In this paper the problem of human ear detection in the thermal infrared (IR) spectrum is studied in order to illustrate the advantages and limitations of the most important steps of ear-based biometrics that can operate in day and night time environments. The main contributions of this work are two-fold: First, a dual-band database is assembled that consists of visible and thermal profile face images. The thermal data was collected using a high definition middle-wave infrared (3-5 microns) camera that is capable of acquiring thermal imprints of human skin. Second, a fully automated, thermal imaging based ear detection method is developed for real-time segmentation of human ears in either day or night time environments. The proposed method is based on Haar features forming a cascaded AdaBoost classifier (our modified version of the original Viola-Jones approach1 that was designed to be applied mainly in visible band images). The main advantage of the proposed method, applied on our profile face image data set collected in the thermal-band, is that it is designed to reduce the learning time required by the original Viola-Jones method from several weeks to several hours. Unlike other approaches reported in the literature, which have been tested but not designed to operate in the thermal band, our method yields a high detection accuracy that reaches ~ 91.5%. Further analysis on our data set yielded that: (a) photometric normalization techniques do not directly improve ear detection performance. However, when using a certain photometric normalization technique (CLAHE) on falsely detected images, the detection rate improved by ~ 4%; (b) the high detection accuracy of our method did not degrade when we lowered down the original spatial resolution of thermal ear images. For example, even after using one third of the original spatial resolution (i.e. ~ 20% of the original computational time) of the thermal profile face images, the high ear detection accuracy of our method

  3. Notas sobre o termo inicial dos juros de mora e o artigo 407 do Código Civil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gustavo Tepedino

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available A definição do termo inicial dos juros de mora exige a adequada compreensão de sua função, tal seja, a de indenizar a vítima que fora indevidamente privada do capital que lhe era devido como decorrência da violação de dever obrigacional ou legal. Assumindo como premissa esta função, deve ser superada a dificuldade em se admitir a fluência de juros relacionados à obrigação que, resultando do inadimplemento, não possui objeto previamente determinado. Contabilizar os juros somente após a fixação do valor principal devido, por meio da leitura isolada do art. 407 do Código Civil, afigura-se incompatível com a função dos juros moratórios no ordenamento jurídico brasileiro, bem como revela contrariedade à ratio do dispositivo mencionado, analisado no artigo sob perspectiva histórico-sistemática.

  4. Oils and source rocks from the Anadarko Basin: Final report, March 1, 1985-March 15, 1995

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Philp, R. P. [School of Geology and Geophysics, Univ. of Oklahoma, Norman, OK (United States)

    1996-11-01

    The research project investigated various geochemical aspects of oils, suspected source rocks, and tar sands collected from the Anadarko Basin, Oklahoma. The information has been used, in general, to investigate possible sources for the oils in the basin, to study mechanisms of oil generation and migration, and characterization of depositional environments. The major thrust of the recent work involved characterization of potential source formations in the Basin in addition to the Woodford shale. The formations evaluated included the Morrow, Springer, Viola, Arbuckle, Oil Creek, and Sylvan shales. A good distribution of these samples was obtained from throughout the basin and were evaluated in terms of source potential and thermal maturity based on geochemical characteristics. The data were incorporated into a basin modelling program aimed at predicting the quantities of oil that could, potentially, have been generated from each formation. The study of crude oils was extended from our earlier work to cover a much wider area of the basin to determine the distribution of genetically-related oils, and whether or not they were derived from single or multiple sources, as well as attempting to correlate them with their suspected source formations. Recent studies in our laboratory also demonstrated the presence of high molecular weight components(C{sub 4}-C{sub 80}) in oils and waxes from drill pipes of various wells in the region. Results from such a study will have possible ramifications for enhanced oil recovery and reservoir engineering studies.

  5. Intervenções psicossociais no sistema carcerário feminino

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    Marcela Ataide Guedes

    Full Text Available Um dos meios de percepção do crescimento da violência na sociedade atual pode ser mensurado pelo aumento da população carcerária, o que pode favorecer a violação dos direitos humanos. Considerando os poucos dados disponíveis, o presente trabalho buscou investigar essa população, visando a contribuir para a produção de conhecimento sobre esse grupo. Por meio do plantão psicológico, realizado numa delegacia de Belo Horizonte, MG, acolhemos demandas espontâneas de sessenta e sete mulheres, de agosto de 2004 a julho de 2005. A faixa etária das mulheres variou de dezoito a quarenta e dois anos, e o tempo de prisão, de um a trinta e seis meses. A análise temática dos assuntos abordados pelas mulheres aprisionadas salientou características como o cotidiano prisional, a maternidade/relações familiares, as vivências amorosas internas/externas e as relações de gênero. Foram apontadas estratégias individuais e coletivas que visam a facilitar a dinâmica interna cotidiana: o apego aos filhos/familiares, as práticas religiosas, as oficinas de artesanato, o trabalho na limpeza e as relações amorosas internas.

  6. A perda da chance na jurisprudência do Superior Tribunal de Justiça – os (descaminhos de uma compreensão teórica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Cláudia

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Demonstra como a partir da Sentença nº. 500/99, da Corte di Cassazione italiana, que alterou a noção de dano injusto para abarcar não somente a violação de direitos subjetivos, mas também a lesão a interesses legítimos, tornou-se possível a expansão da categoria de danos indenizáveis e, por consequência, permitiu-se o reconhecimento da ressarcibilidade do dano pela perda da chance. A partir desse pressuposto, baseando-se em referenciais teóricos nacionais e estrangeiros e analisando julgados do Superior Tribunal de Justiça que tratam da temática, demonstra como tem sido a receptividade da teoria da responsabilidade civil pela perda da chance, pondo em relevo os acertos e aparentes equívocos na compreensão e caracterização dessa nova modalidade de dano.

  7. Biomechanical research on bowed string musicians: a scoping study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelleher, Leila K; Campbell, Kody R; Dickey, James P

    2013-12-01

    Performing arts biomechanics is concerned with quantifying the musculoskeletal demands of artistic tasks. The growing body of related research has prompted this scoping study, solely focused on quantitative research, to summarize the state of the science, identify knowledge gaps, and identify opportunities for future research. To identify, summarize, and categorize quantitative research on the biomechanics of violin, viola, cello, and double bass players, using scoping study methodology. Established scoping study methodology was used to identify and categorize existing research. We identified 74 articles for review. Of these, 34 met our scoping study criteria and were included in this study. Twenty-one of the 34 articles that met the scoping criteria were published since 2000. Investigations using electromyography (16 studies) and kinematics (15 studies) comprise the bulk of the research. Two studies employed force transducers for data collection. Violinists were the most frequently studied musicians (22 studies) and double bass players were the least (1 study). Fewer than half of the studies used solely professional musicians as their subjects (13 studies). This scoping study confirmed that quantitative biomechanical research into bowed string musicians has been performed with increasing frequency and that there are voids in the research, particularly in investigating mechanisms of injury and protective strategies. Currently, arts biomechanics research is largely descriptive in nature. There are few studies that investigate protective strategies, although it is expected that the field will progress to incorporate this type of research.

  8. O caráter de prova dos documentos produzidos pelas DOPS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Caroline Almeida Sodré

    Full Text Available RESUMO Este artigo tem como objetivo, a partir da revisão de literatura e da análise documental, avaliar se a documentação produzida pelas Delegacias de Ordem Política e Social (DOPS, no contexto do aparato repressivo do Regime Militar Brasileiro (1964-1985, possui características de prova documental. Partindo-se da análise diplomática e dos sentidos atribuídos ao conceito de prova documental, identifica-se que algumas tipologias documentais da DOPS possuem caráter de prova no sentido de serem ‘legitimadoras de discursos’. Também podemos citar a importância desses acervos no processo de redemocratização no Brasil que culminou na promulgação da Lei de Acesso à Informação nº 12.527, de 18 de outubro de 2011, e ainda os trabalhos da Comissão Nacional da Verdade, que utilizou maciçamente a documentação das DOPS para investigação da violação de direitos.

  9. Mass textures and wolfenstein parameters from breaking the flavour permutational symmetry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mondragon, A; Rivera, T. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico,Mexico D.F. (Mexico); Rodriguez Jauregui, E. [Deutsches Elekronen-Synchrotron, Theory Group, Hamburg (Germany)

    2001-12-01

    We will give an overview of recent progress in the phenomenological study of quark mass matrices, quark flavour mixings and CP-violation with emphasis on the possibility of an underlying discrete, flavour permutational symmetry and its breaking, from which realistic models of mass generation could be built. The quark mixing angles and CP-violating phase, as well as the Wolfenstein parameters are given in terms of four quark mass ratios and only two parameters (Z{sup 1}/2, {phi}) characterizing the symmetry breaking pattern. Excellent agreement with all current experimental data is found. [Spanish] Daremos una visita panoramica del progreso reciente en el estudio fenomenologico de las matrices de masas y de mezclas del sabor de los quarks y la violacion de PC, con enfasis en la posibilidad de que, subyacentes al problema, se halle una simetria discreta, permutacional del sabor y su rompimiento a partir de las cuales se puedan construir modelos realistas de la generacion de las masas. Los angulos de mezcla de los quarks y la fase que viola CP, asi como los parametros de Wolfenstein se dan en terminos de cuatro razones de masas de los quarks y solamente dos parametros (Z{sup 1}/2, {phi}) que caracterizan el patron del rompimiento de la simetria. Los resultados se encuentran en excelente acuerdo con todos los datos experimentales mas recientes.

  10. Clonación: un fundamento evolucionista de los principios de dignidad e igualdad frente a la técnica de la clonación de seres humanos con fines reproductivos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandra Julia Bernal Crespo

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available En el proceso de evolución de la especie humana, la naturaleza se ha tomado el trabajo, a través de millones de años, para que todo ser humano sea distinto de cualquier otro. A través de la reproducción sexual ponemos en contacto los genes del padre con los de la madre; estos genes pueden combinarse de una forma casi infinita para que genética y biológicamente cada uno de nosotros sea único; esto es lo que garantiza el éxito de la especie humana y la unicidad de cada individuo. La clonación de seres humanos como posibilidad biotecnológica, además de entrañar serios peligros por el desconocimiento científico de su base teórica en aspectos tales como la diferenciación y la reprogramación genómica, es imperfecta, pues mueren la mayoría de los embriones reconstruidos, es ineficaz por el fenómeno de la impronta genética y por las mutaciones y, además, viola los principios de dignidad e igualdad consagrados para cualquier miembro de la especie humana.

  11. Musculoskeletal Assessments Used in Quantitatively Based Studies About Posture and Movement in High String Players: A Systematic Review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schemmann, Heike; Rensing, Nadine; Zalpour, Christoff

    2018-03-01

    The aim of the study was to identify and systematically categorize musculoskeletal assessments used in quantitatively based studies about posture and movement in musicians playing high string instruments (violin, viola) in order to inform further research and help to identify gaps in knowledge. A systematic literature search was conducted in the databases Cochrane, CINAHL, and PubMed as well as the journal Medical Problems of Performing Artists. Additional studies were searched within the reference lists of relevant articles. Sixty-four studies conducted since 1999 until May 2017 were included according to predefined inclusion criteria. Various biomechanical measurement instruments were used in 24 of the selected studies in order to collect two- and three-dimensional kinematic data: optoelectronic systems with active and passive markers, electromagnetic systems, ultrasonic motion analysis systems, and image-based analysis of posture. In 11 studies, kinetics were measured by optoelectronic systems, force sensors, and a posturographic device. Further studies used electromyography to evaluate muscle activity (19 studies) as well as instruments to measure range of motion (2 studies). Additionally, a broad range of clinical examination techniques (35 studies) and self-reports (36 studies) were used to assess the musculoskeletal system of high string players. The identified assessments could be used both in further research and in practical work in order to evaluate posture and movement in high string players. For future research, qualitatively based studies as well as psychometrically tested quantitatively based self-report assessments are required.

  12. A Prospective Evaluation of Duplex Ultrasound for Thoracic Outlet Syndrome in High-Performance Musicians Playing Bowed String Instruments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Garret; Wang, Kevin; Demaree, Christopher J; Jiang, Jenny S; Cheung, Mathew; Bechara, Carlos F; Lin, Peter H

    2018-01-25

    Thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) is a neurovascular condition involving the upper extremity, which is known to occur in individuals who perform chronic repetitive upper extremity activities. We prospectively evaluate the incidence of TOS in high-performance musicians who played bowed string musicians. Sixty-four high-performance string instrument musicians from orchestras and professional musical bands were included in the study. Fifty-two healthy volunteers formed an age-matched control group. Bilateral upper extremity duplex scanning for subclavian vessel compression was performed in all subjects. Provocative maneuvers including Elevated Arm Stress Test (EAST) and Upper Limb Tension Test (ULTT) were performed. Abnormal ultrasound finding is defined by greater than 50% subclavian vessel compression with arm abduction, diminished venous waveforms, or arterial photoplethysmography (PPG) tracing with arm abduction. Bowed string instruments performed by musicians in our study included violin (41%), viola (33%), and cello (27%). Positive EAST or ULTT test in the musician group and control group were 44%, and 3%, respectively ( p = 0.03). Abnormal ultrasound scan with vascular compression was detected in 69% of musicians, in contrast to 15% of control subjects ( p = 0.03). TOS is a common phenomenon among high-performance bowed string instrumentalists. Musicians who perform bowed string instruments should be aware of this condition and its associated musculoskeletal symptoms.

  13. Opinião pública, guerra e corrupção do poder público na filosofia política de Kant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Jozivan Guedes de Lima

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende investigar a concepção kantiana de opinião pública, que tem como pressuposto fundamental a inalienável tarefa crítico-deliberativa do cidadão perante a guerra e a corrupção do poder público, que advém da violação dos princípios normativos do contrato originário. A opinião pública em Kant é alicerçada em pressupostos morais, antropológicos, culturais, jurídicos e políticos e está vinculada à ideia republicana de Estado. De acordo com essa ideia, a decisão sobre a possibilidade da realização da guerra e o combate às injustiças, dentro do Estado de direito através de uma revolução negativa, é direito e dever dos cidadãos.

  14. Irom Chanu Sharmila and the Movement against Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aparajita Sharma

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available This paper, through the narratives of activists and Meira Paibis reiterates the slogan—repeal the Armed Forces Special Powers Act (AFSPA, which is draconian and anti-people in spirit. The atroci- ty, which has been meted out on the people of Manipur because of this Act, is a profound viola- tion of human rights. Rape, mindless killings, kidnapping, fake encounters have been normalised by virtue of this Act. The youths have been badly affected due to the conflict emerging out of this Act which treats people in Manipur as ‘objects’ against the imagined boundaries of the Indian na- tion-state for security from the neighbouring nations. In this process, the lived experiences of the people have been pushed to the periphery against the massive motive of the state to protect bor- ders and the imagined nation, which is a direct offshoot of the legacy of colonialism in India. The paper has tried to capture the history of Manipur on a capsule to concretise the struggle of Irom Sharmila and the ‘hopes’ she gives to the people of Manipur for ‘peace’ and ‘justice’. Alongside, it makes a humble attempt to describe the ‘life’ of Irom Sharmila. In addition, it describes the rage of Manipuris, which have given rise to insurgency asking for ‘freedom’ through various platforms.

  15. Head Pose Estimation on Top of Haar-Like Face Detection: A Study Using the Kinect Sensor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anwar Saeed

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Head pose estimation is a crucial initial task for human face analysis, which is employed in several computer vision systems, such as: facial expression recognition, head gesture recognition, yawn detection, etc. In this work, we propose a frame-based approach to estimate the head pose on top of the Viola and Jones (VJ Haar-like face detector. Several appearance and depth-based feature types are employed for the pose estimation, where comparisons between them in terms of accuracy and speed are presented. It is clearly shown through this work that using the depth data, we improve the accuracy of the head pose estimation. Additionally, we can spot positive detections, faces in profile views detected by the frontal model, that are wrongly cropped due to background disturbances. We introduce a new depth-based feature descriptor that provides competitive estimation results with a lower computation time. Evaluation on a benchmark Kinect database shows that the histogram of oriented gradients and the developed depth-based features are more distinctive for the head pose estimation, where they compare favorably to the current state-of-the-art approaches. Using a concatenation of the aforementioned feature types, we achieved a head pose estimation with average errors not exceeding 5:1; 4:6; 4:2 for pitch, yaw and roll angles, respectively.

  16. 3D Seismic Reflection Amplitude and Instantaneous Frequency Attributes in Mapping Thin Hydrocarbon Reservoir Lithofacies: Morrison NE Field and Morrison Field, Clark County, KS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raef, Abdelmoneam; Totten, Matthew; Vohs, Andrew; Linares, Aria

    2017-12-01

    Thin hydrocarbon reservoir facies pose resolution challenges and waveform-signature opportunities in seismic reservoir characterization and prospect identification. In this study, we present a case study, where instantaneous frequency variation in response to a thin hydrocarbon pay zone is analyzed and integrated with other independent information to explain drilling results and optimize future drilling decisions. In Morrison NE Field, some wells with poor economics have resulted from well-placement incognizant of reservoir heterogeneities. The study area in Clark County, Kanas, USA, has been covered by a surface 3D seismic reflection survey in 2010. The target horizon is the Viola limestone, which continues to produce from 7 of the 12 wells drilled within the survey area. Seismic attributes extraction and analyses were conducted with emphasis on instantaneous attributes and amplitude anomalies to better understand and predict reservoir heterogeneities and their control on hydrocarbon entrapment settings. We have identified a higher instantaneous frequency, lower amplitude seismic facies that is in good agreement with distinct lithofacies that exhibit better (higher porosity) reservoir properties, as inferred from well-log analysis and petrographic inspection of well cuttings. This study presents a pre-drilling, data-driven approach of identifying sub-resolution reservoir seismic facies in a carbonate formation. This workflow will assist in placing new development wells in other locations within the area. Our low amplitude high instantaneous frequency seismic reservoir facies have been corroborated by findings based on well logs, petrographic analysis data, and drilling results.

  17. The rise of biotypology in Brazil: measuring and classifying the morphology, physiology and character of Brazilians in the 1930s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina Vimieiro Gomes

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyses the rise of biotypology in Brazilian biomedical sciences during the 1930s, at the Faculdade de Medicina do Rio de Janeiro, where a Laboratory of Biotypology was linked to the chair of Clinical Propaedeutics. Biotypology embraced experimental science and constitutional medicine. The holistic view of the individual body prevailed and its scientific practices included morphological, physiological and psychological measures as the basis for classification. Through the book "O Normotypo Brasileiro", published by the doctor Isaac Brown, the article is concerned on the practices for measurement and classification of biological characteristics of the Brazilian bodies. The biotypological models adopted in Brazil were inspired by the works of the Italians Nicola Pende, Giacinto Viola, and Mario Barbàra. However, the Brazilian physicians founded their own classification patterns, adapting and reconstructing the original models. At a time of intense debate on 'national identity', I suggest that the biotypology, with its producing people practices, was mobilized as an instrument for defining the Brazilian physical type.

  18. Optimized extraction, separation and quantification of twelve intact glucosinolates in broccoli leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ares, Ana M; Nozal, María J; Bernal, José L; Bernal, José

    2014-01-01

    A new method has been developed and validated to determine twelve intact glucosinolates (glucoiberin, GIB; glucoraphanin, GRA; glucoerucin GER; gluconapin, GNA; glucotropaeolin, GTL; glucobrassicin, GBC; gluconasturtiin, GST; glucoalyssin, ALY; 4-hydroxyglucobrassicin, 4-OH; 4-metoxyglucobrassicin, 4ME; neoglucobrassicin, NEO; sinigrin, SIN) in broccoli leaves using liquid chromatography (LC) coupled to diode array (DAD) and electrospray ionization mass spectrometry (ESI-MS) detection. An extraction procedure has also been proposed and optimized by means of statistical analysis (the Box-Behnken design and analysis of variance); this is based on the deactivation of myrosinase using a microwave and heated water. Low limits of detection and quantification were obtained, ranging from 10 to 72 μg/g with DAD and 0.01 to 0.23 μg/g with ESI-MS, and the resulting recovery values ranged from 87% to 106% in all cases. Finally, glucosinolates were analyzed in broccoli leaf samples from six different cultivars (Ramoso calabrese Parthenon, Marathon, Nubia, Naxos and Viola). Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  19. Supercritical fluid extraction of free amino acids from broccoli leaves.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnáiz, E; Bernal, J; Martín, M T; Nozal, M J; Bernal, J L; Toribio, L

    2012-08-10

    The extraction of free amino acids (AAs) from broccoli leaves using supercritical fluid extraction (SFE) with CO(2) modified with methanol, is presented in this work. The effect of the different variables was studied, showing the percentage of methanol a strong influence on the extraction. The best results in terms of extraction yield were obtained at 250 bar, 70°C, 35% methanol as organic modifier, a flow rate of 2 mL/min, and 5 min and 30 min as static and dynamic extraction times, respectively. The extraction yield obtained with the SFE method was comparable to that obtained employing conventional solvent extraction with methanol-water (70:30) and minor than using water, but the relative proportion of the AAs in the extracts was very different. For example, the use of SFE allowed the enrichment in proline and glutamine of the extracts. The selected conditions were applied to obtain SFE extracts of broccoli leaves from different varieties (Naxos, Nubia, Marathon, Parthenon and Viola). The highest levels of AAs were found in the SFE extracts from the Nubia variety. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  20. Agroecologia e a ética da inovação na agricultura

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    José de Souza Silva

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available A convivência ética entre os seres vivos é impossível no capitalismo. Constituída de um padrão global de poder —Colonialidade— que incide sobre raça, saber, ser, natureza, a institucionalidade capitalista é hostil à ética porque esta contraria práticas —patriarcais, raciais, etnocidas, epistemicidas, ecocidas— que ameaçam de extinção a vida na Terra. Só uma ordem institucional contra hegemônica pode instituir outros modos de vida nos quais a ética é constitutiva da convivência em uma comunidade de vida, como propõe a ciência da Agroecologia. O capitalismo se oculta na ideia de desenvolvimento para devorar mercados cativos, matéria prima abundante, mão de obra barata, mentes obedientes e corpos disciplinados, enquanto viola o humano, o social, o cultural, o ecológico, o espiritual, o ético. Como desenvolvimento = capitalismo, a Agroecologia só fará sua contribuição integral à felicidade dos povos rurais e à sustentabilidade de seus modos de vida no ‘dia depois do desenvolvimento’: quando o paradigma do Bem Viver, com sua ética da inovação, supera a institucionalidade ordenada para o capital por outra orientada para a vida.

  1. Proton radioactivity within a generalized liquid drop model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, J. M.; Zhang, H. F.; Royer, G.

    2009-05-01

    The proton radioactivity half-lives of spherical proton emitters are investigated theoretically. The potential barriers preventing the emission of protons are determined in the quasimolecular shape path within a generalized liquid drop model (GLDM) including the proximity effects between nuclei in a neck and the mass and charge asymmetry. The penetrability is calculated with the WKB approximation. The spectroscopic factor has been taken into account in half-life calculation, which is obtained by employing the relativistic mean field (RMF) theory combined with the BCS method with the force NL3. The half-lives within the GLDM are compared with the experimental data and other theoretical values. The GLDM works quite well for spherical proton emitters when the spectroscopic factors are considered, indicating the necessity of introducing the spectroscopic factor and the success of the GLDM for proton emission. Finally, we present two formulas for proton emission half-life calculation similar to the Viola-Seaborg formulas and Royer's formulas of α decay.

  2. α decay chains from Z = 118 superheavy nuclei in the range 271 ≤A≤ 310

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, K. P.; Priyanka, B.

    2014-06-01

    An extensive investigation on the α decay properties of the isotopes of the superheavy nuclei with Z = 118, within the range 271 ≤A≤ 310, has been performed within the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei. The α decay half-lives of 118294 and its decay products, evaluated using our formalisms, are in good agreement with the experimental results. The calculated α half-lives were also found to be matching well with the values computed using the Viola-Seaborg systematic, the universal curve of Poenaru et al. [Phys. Rev. C 83, 014601 (2011), 10.1103/PhysRevC.83.014601;Phys. Rev. C 85, 034615 (2012), 10.1103/PhysRevC.85.034615] and the analytical formulas of Royer [J. Phys. G: Nucl. Part. Phys. 26, 1149 (2000), 10.1088/0954-3899/26/8/305]. So as to identify the mode of decay of these isotopes, the spontaneous-fission half-lives were also evaluated for all the isotopes under study and, our prediction of 3α chains from 118294 go hand in hand with the experimental observations. Our study also unveils that those isotopes of Z = 118 with A ≥ 301 and with A ≤ 275 do not survive fission, thus restricting the α decay within the range of 276 ≤A≤ 300, and we hope that the theoretical prediction of 5α decay chains consistently from 118289-293 isotopes provides a new perspective to experimentalists.

  3. Alpha decay properties of superheavy nuclei Z = 126

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manjunatha, H. C.

    2016-01-01

    We have studied the possible isotopes of superheavy nuclei Z = 126 in the range 288 ≤ A ≥ 339 by studying through their α-decay properties. α-Decay half-life for the isotopes of Z = 126 superheavy nuclei in the range 288 ≤ A ≥ 339 is performed within the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). The calculated α half-lives agree with the values computed using the Viola-Seaborg systematic, the universal curve of Poenaru et al. (2011) [61]; (2012) [62] and the analytical formulas of Royer (2000) [63]. To identify the mode of decay of these isotopes, the spontaneous-fission half-lives were also evaluated using the semiempirical relation given by Xu et al. (2008) [72]. As we could observe α chains consistently from the nuclei 288-306126, we have predicted that these nuclei could not be synthesized and detected experimentally via α decay as their decay half-lives are too small, which span the order 10-9 to 10-6 s. Most of the predicted, unknown nuclei in the range 307 ≤ A ≥ 326 were found to have relatively long half-lives. Of these the nuclei 307126, 318126, 319126, 320126 and 323-326126 were found to have long half-lives and hence could be sufficient to detect them if synthesized in a laboratory.

  4. Theoretical predictions on the decay properties of superheavy nuclei Z = 123 in the region 297 ≤ A ≤ 307

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santhosh, K.P.; Nithya, C. [Kannur University, School of Pure and Applied Physics, Payyanur, Kerala (India)

    2016-12-15

    Decay modes of isotopes of the superheavy element Z = 123 within the range 297 ≤ A ≤ 307 have been studied by comparing the alpha decay half-lives with the spontaneous fission half-lives. Three different mass tables were used for the calculation of the alpha decay energy. A close study of alpha decay half-lives within the range 297 ≤ A ≤ 307 has been performed using the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). The alpha half-lives calculated using CPPMDN are in harmony with the values obtained by the Viola-Seaborg systematic, the universal curve of Poenaru et al., and the analytical formula of Royer. Spontaneous fission half-lives are evaluated using the new shell-effect-dependent formula proposed by Santhosh et al., and the semi-empirical formula of Xu et al. Through our study it is seen that the isotopes {sup 300-303}123 exhibit 8α chains and the isotopes {sup 304-307}123 exhibit 5α chains with half-lives in a measurable range. Clearly the isotopes of Z = 123 within the range 300 ≤ A ≤ 307 will decay through alpha emission followed by spontaneous fission and thus can be predicted as synthesized and detected in laboratory via alpha decay. Since the predictions on decay modes of isotopes of the superheavy element Z = 123 is done for the first time it is hoped that the study will open up new areas in experimental investigations. (orig.)

  5. A vagina-escola: seminário interdisciplinar sobre violência contra a mulher no ensino das profissões de saúde

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    Carmen Simone Grilo Diniz

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available O ensino de obstetrícia no Brasil tradicionalmente requer que o aluno realize um certo número de procedimentos para que seja avaliado, o que levou a uma cultura de ensino do uso não informado, não consentido, das vaginas das parturientes mais pobres, usuárias do SUS, pelos alunos de medicina e outras profissões, para o treinamento de habilidades cirúrgicas. Tais abusos permanecem normalizados por uma cultura institucional que não os reconhece como violações de direitos, promovendo um ensino de habilidades descolado do ensino de valores e dos direitos das usuárias. Para promover um diálogo entre os setores envolvidos, realizamos em março de 2015 o evento “A Vagina-escola: seminário sobre violência contra a mulher no ensino das profissões de saúde”. O seminário foi especialmente oportuno por acompanhar a recente declaração da Oorganização Mundial de Saúde (OMS “Prevenção e eliminação de abusos, desrespeito e maus-tratos durante o parto em instituições de saúde”, reforçando a urgência do tema na Saúde Coletiva.

  6. El crecimiento de cuatro plantas ornamentales anuales en diferentes sustratos.

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    Adalberto Di Benedetto

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Usando un sustrato base compuesto por turba de Sphagnum, perlita y vermiculita (Sustrato Van Leeuwen®, se evaluaron las siguientes mezclas de cultivo: (1 Sustrato Van Leeuwen® (100%; (2 Suelo (100%; (3 Suelo (50%; (4 Resaca de río (100% y (5 Resaca de río (50%. Se encontró una disminución de la porosidad total durante las primeras semanas de cultivo y un aumento, que no llegó a compensar la caída inicial, durante las fases finales de crecimiento para las cuatro plantas utilizadas en todas las mezclas evaluadas. De las cuatro plantas estudiadas: Begonia x semperflorens (“flor de azúcar”, Gerbera x jamensonii, Impatiens x walleriana (“alegría del hogar” y Viola x wittrockiana (“pensamiento”, todas presentaron una curva de crecimiento típica en función del tiempo con variaciones significativas entre las cinco mezclas de crecimiento utilizadas. Nuestros resultados indican que la resaca de río podría ser una alternativa potencial para la sustitución parcial o total de la turba de Sphagnum aunque la proporción exacta se halla asociada con los requerimientos de cada planta en particular.

  7. Tempo e Trânsito na Experiência Subjetiva de Motoristas

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    Ana Inez Oka Elvas de Lima

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Esta pesquisa investiga como são percebidos e vivenciados o tempo e a pressa no trânsito por motoristas de Fortaleza, identificando e analisando seus estados subjetivos e comportamentos associados a essa experiência. Para a coleta de dados, organizaram-se quatro grupos focais, a partir dos quais emergiram diversos elementos relacionados ao tempo e à pressa e à incidência de comportamentos inadequados no trânsito, segundo o sexo e a idade dos participantes. Para analisar os dados obtidos nas discussões grupais utilizaram-se os critérios da Análise Clássica de Conteúdo. Os resultados levaram à conclusão de que a questão do tempo e da pressa constitui um potencial gerador de erros e violações na condução de veículos, pois exerce influência decisiva sobre os comportamentos dos motoristas e configura uma realidade importante para se compreender os fatores humanos envolvidos na dinâmica do trânsito e do ambiente urbano como um todo.

  8. Different Approaches for Face Authentication as Part of a Multimodal Biometrics System

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    Jaromir Tovarek

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes different approaches for the face authentication from the features and classification abilities point of view. Authors compare two types of features - Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOG and Local Binary Patterns (LBP including their combination. These parameters are classified using Multilayer Neural Network (MLNN and Support Vector Machines (SVM. Face authentication consists of several steps. The first step contains Viola-Jones algorithm for face detection. Authors resize the detected face for a fixed vector and afterwards, it is converted into grayscale. Next, feature extraction with a simple Min-Max normalization is applied. Obtained parameters are evaluated by classifiers and for each detected face, authors get posterior probability as the output of the classifier. Different approaches for face authentication are compared with each other using False Acceptance Rate (FAR, False Rejection Rate (FRR, Equal Error Rate (EER, Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC and Detection Error Tradeoff (DET curves. The results are verified with AR Face Database and elaborated in a feature extraction and classifier design point of view. Best results were achieved by HOG feature for SVM classifier. Detailed results are listed in the text below.

  9. Traumatic brain injury-induced sleep disorders

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    Viola-Saltzman M

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Mari Viola-Saltzman, Camelia Musleh Department of Neurology, NorthShore University HealthSystem, Evanston, IL, USA Abstract: Sleep disturbances are frequently identified following traumatic brain injury, affecting 30%–70% of persons, and often occur after mild head injury. Insomnia, fatigue, and sleepiness are the most frequent sleep complaints after traumatic brain injury. Sleep apnea, narcolepsy, periodic limb movement disorder, and parasomnias may also occur after a head injury. In addition, depression, anxiety, and pain are common brain injury comorbidities with significant influence on sleep quality. Two types of traumatic brain injury that may negatively impact sleep are acceleration/deceleration injuries causing generalized brain damage and contact injuries causing focal brain damage. Polysomnography, multiple sleep latency testing, and/or actigraphy may be utilized to diagnose sleep disorders after a head injury. Depending on the disorder, treatment may include the use of medications, positive airway pressure, and/or behavioral modifications. Unfortunately, the treatment of sleep disorders associated with traumatic brain injury may not improve neuropsychological function or sleepiness. Keywords: traumatic brain injury, insomnia, hypersomnia, sleep apnea, periodic limb movement disorder, fatigue

  10. Microscopic description of fission in nobelium isotopes with the Gogny-D1M energy density functional

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez-Guzman, R. [Kuwait University, Physics Department, Kuwait (Kuwait); Robledo, L.M. [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Madrid (Spain)

    2016-11-15

    Constrained mean-field calculations, based on the Gogny-D1M energy density functional, have been carried out to describe fission in the isotopes {sup 250-260}No. The even-even isotopes have been considered within the standard Hartree-Fock-Bogoliobov (HFB) framework while for the odd-mass ones the Equal Filling Approximation (HFB-EFA) has been employed. Ground state quantum numbers and deformations, pairing energies, one-neutron separation energies, inner and outer barrier heights as well as fission isomer excitation energies are given. Fission paths, collective masses and zero-point quantum vibrational and rotational corrections are used to compute the systematic of the spontaneous fission half-lives t{sub SF} both for even-even and odd-mass nuclei. Though there exists a strong variance of the predicted fission rates with respect to the details involved in their computation, it is shown that both the specialization energy and the pairing quenching effects, taken into account within the self-consistent HFB-EFA blocking procedure, lead to larger t{sub SF} values in odd-mass nuclei as compared with their even-even neighbors. Alpha decay lifetimes have also been computed using a parametrization of the Viola-Seaborg formula. The high quality of the Gogny-D1M functional regarding nuclear masses leads to a very good reproduction of Q{sub α} values and consequently of lifetimes. (orig.)

  11. Cyanobacteria as an Experimental Platform for Modifying Bacterial and Plant Photosynthesis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jensen, Poul Erik [Copenhagen Plant Science Center (CPSC), Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Leister, Dario, E-mail: leister@lmu.de [Copenhagen Plant Science Center (CPSC), Department of Plant and Environmental Sciences, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Plant Molecular Biology (Botany), Department of Biology I, Ludwig-Maximilians-University Munich, Munich (Germany)

    2014-04-21

    One of the fascinating characteristics of photosynthesis is its capacity for repair, self-renewal, and energy storage within chemical bonds. Given the evolutionary history of plant photosynthesis and the patchwork nature of many of its components, it is safe to assume that the light reactions of plant photosynthesis can be improved by genetic engineering (Leister, 2012). The evolutionary precursor of chloroplasts was a microorganism whose biochemistry was very similar to that of present-day cyanobacteria. Many cyanobacterial species are easy to manipulate genetically and grow robustly in liquid cultures that can be easily scaled up into photobioreactors. Therefore, cyanobacteria such as Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter “Synechocystis”) have widely been used for decades as model systems to study the principles of photosynthesis (Table 1). Indeed, genetic engineering based on homologous recombination is well-established in Synechocystis. Moreover, new genetic engineering toolkits, including marker-less gene deletion and replacement strategies needing only a single transformation step (Viola et al., 2014) and novel approaches for chromosomal integration and expression of synthetic gene operons (Bentley et al., 2014), allow for large-scale replacement and/or integration of dozens of genes in reasonable time frames. This makes Synechocystis a very attractive basis for the experimental modification of important processes like photosynthesis, and it also suggests innovative ways of improving modules of related eukaryotic pathways, among them the combination of cyanobacterial and eukaryotic elements using the tools of synthetic biology.

  12. Nueve gatos y un perro (entrevista sin preguntas. La Puerta, de Magda Szabó

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    Agustín, Teresa

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Magda Szabó nace en Hungría en 1917 y sus primeras obras ven la luz a finales de la Segunda Guerra Mundial, pero cuando los comunistas llegan al poder ella desaparece de la escena literaria hasta la década de los sesenta, en que publica poesía, novela y ensayo. Probablemente hoy es una de las autoras más destacadas y reconocidas de la literatura húngara y su obra ha sido traducida en más de cuarenta países. La puerta, única obra publicada en España, es una historia real novelada entre dos mujeres, una escritora célebre y su criada. También es la historia de nueve gatos encerrados en una habitación y un perro, Viola, que se convierte en el catalizador de lo afectos. Es la vida de dos mujeres diferentes, con vidas diferentes, con edades diferentes, que acaban siendo indispensables la una para la otra. Es también un país, Hungría, como telón de fondo, que durante mucho tiempo también vivió encerrado en una habitación.

  13. Proposição de um índice do enfrentamento governamental à violência intrafamiliar contra crianças e adolescentes

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    Suely Deslandes

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available O artigo apresenta o processo de construção do Índice de Enfrentamento de Violência Intrafamiliar (IEVI, cujo objetivo é avaliar estratégias da gestão municipal em face dessa violação de direitos infantojuvenis. Sua formulação envolveu análise preliminar de indicadores de estudos anteriores e técnica grupo nominal com especialistas. Foram selecionados quatro indicadores: existência de Plano Municipal de Enfrentamento das Violências contra Crianças e Adolescentes; existência de fluxo intersetorial para atendimento e acompanhamento de crianças e adolescentes em situação de violência intrafamiliar e suas famílias; taxa de Conselhos Tutelares por habitantes do município; e existência, nas redes municipais de educação, assistência social e saúde, de instrumentos padronizados para notificação/comunicação das situações de violência contra crianças e adolescentes. Com base em banco de dados de estudo anterior, foi realizado o exercício de aplicação em quatro capitais brasileiras. O IEVI constitui uma ferramenta para monitorar e mobilizar esforços para a implantação de ações de enfrentamento da violência.

  14. Direito à educação e sistemas privados de ensino nas redes públicas: hipóteses para análise jurídica

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    Salomão Barros Ximenes

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available O artigo retoma o marco conceitual sobre o direito humano à educação desenvolvido pelo Comitê DESC da ONU, com base no qual propõe que seja analisado o impacto dos processos de privatização da educação no Brasil, mais especificamente aqueles representados pela crescente adoção de sistemas privados de ensino nas redes públicas. Nessa sistematização, de um lado evidencia que a privatização pode exacerbar e qualificar violações, principalmente quanto aos deveres de não discriminação, adaptação, gestão democrática e autonomia relativa de professores e escolas. Como resultado, oferece uma análise inicial para as questões jurídicas que poderão ser mensuradas nas pesquisas sobre o assunto.

  15. An automatic system for the detection of dairy cows lying behaviour in free-stall barns

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simona M.C. Porto

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a method for the automatic detection of dairy cow lying behaviour in free-stall barns is proposed. A computer visionbased system (CVBS composed of a video-recording system and a cow lying behaviour detector based on the Viola Jones algorithm was developed. The CVBS performance was tested in a head-to-head free stall barn. Two classifiers were implemented in the software component of the CVBS to obtain the cow lying behaviour detector. The CVBS was validated by comparing its detection results with those generated from visual recognition. This comparison allowed the following accuracy indices to be calculated: the branching factor (BF, the miss factor (MF, the sensitivity, and the quality percentage (QP. The MF value of approximately 0.09 showed that the CVBS missed one cow every 11 well detected cows. Conversely, the BF value of approximately 0.08 indicated that one false positive was detected every 13 well detected cows. The high value of approximately 0.92 obtained for the sensitivity index and that obtained for QP of about 0.85 revealed the ability of the proposed system to detect cows lying in the stalls.

  16. Linking Quantum Mechanics to Freshman Physics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandegrift, Guy

    1998-10-01

    First-year quantum mechanics can be linked to introductory physics. One example is the Mossbauer effect, which is explained using a simple solution to Schrodinger's equation involving the Dirac delta function. Generalization to N coupled harmonic oscillators shows that the equality of the forces exerted by winner and loser in the game of "tug-of-war" is only an approximation because Newton's third law of motion is not valid (unless phonon momentum is considered). Another example is a treatment of the Gaussian wavepacket which involves less algebra than found in standard textbooks, yet shows that the peak moves according to the familiar equation of motion x = vt + (1/2)at^2 when the applied force is uniform. Finally, a rendition of "Turkey in the Straw" on the viola illustrates Heisenberg's uncertainty principle, which can be written in the less mysterious form, f=(N+-.1)/T , where N cycles are counted in T seconds. Students experience this uncertainty as they try to measure the frequency of a stretched slinky.

  17. Deus e o Diabo nos detalhes: a ética em Buber e Adorno God and the devil in details: ethics Buber and Adorno

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    Kátia Mendonça

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A autora aborda a Violência a partir de uma perspectiva ''personalista e fenomenológica'', para que não fique restrita ao seu sentido usual, de violação da integridade física. O artigo toma as filosofias de M. Buber e T. Adorno como plataforma da reflexão, ambas preocupadas em estabelecer uma ''fenomenologia dos sentidos'', e compara suas conseqüências éticas, mostrando como um compreensão ampliada da Violência emerge desse ponto de vista.The author approaches Violence from a ''personalist and phenomenological'' perspective, so that the issue do not remain exclusevily referred to its usual sense, the violation of physical integrity. The article takes M. Buber and T. Adorno philosophies - both concerned with the construction of a ''phenomenology of sensibilities'' - as a support for its own elaboration, and compares their ethical implications, showing how a enlarged understanding of Violence rises from that point of view.

  18. EXPERIENCIAS RELACIONADAS A UNA INTERVENCIÓN PARA REDUCIR EL ESTIGMA RELACIONADO AL VIH/SIDA ENTRE ESTUDIANTES DE MEDICINA EN PUERTO RICO

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cintrón-Bou, Francheska; Varas-Díaz, Nelson; Marzán-Rodríguez, Melissa; Neilands, Torsten B.

    2016-01-01

    Existe estigma relacionado al VIH. A las personas con VIH/SIDA-PCVS se les viola sus derechos y obstaculiza su bienestar mental/físico. Profesionales de la salud-PS son fuente de apoyo primordial, sin embargo estos/as le estigmatizan. Es útil adiestrar a PS en relación al estigma social. Implantamos la intervención para reducir el estigma relacionado al VIH/SIDA con 507 estudiantes de medicina. Resultó ser una intervención efectiva, hubo reducción en los niveles de estigma a partir de nuestra intervención y diferencias significativas con el grupo control (p≤.05). Generar espacios de adiestramiento para atender el estigma relacionado al VIH/SIDA es pertinente para la psicología comunitaria porque colaboramos en la reducción de actitudes estigmatizantes que afectan adversamente la prevención de nuevas infecciones, la adherencia al tratamiento antirretroviral y la calidad de vida. PMID:27829690

  19. Perception of orchestral musicians about work environment and conditions

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    Clarissa Stefani Teixeira

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to investigate the perception of 11 orchestral string (viola and violin musicians of both genders with respect to their work environment and conditions. We applied a questionnaire with demographic information and the scale Profile of Work Environment and Working Conditions by Nahas et al. (2009, which analyzes the following components: physical environment, social environment, development and professional achievement, salary and benefits, and social relevance. The social environment component presented the highest score - 8.00 (1.50 points, followed by professional achievement - 7.11 (1.96 points, and physical environment - 6.89 (0.93 points. The salary and benefits provided by the orchestra presented the lowest score - 6.78 (1.56 points. In general, the musicians showed positive perceptions of the components related to work environment and working conditions. However, remuneration and social relevance are work bases that could contribute to improve the working conditions of these professionals.

  20. Dr. Franjo (Franz) Kresnik (1869-1943): a physician and a violin maker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Skrobonja, Ante; Muzur, Amir

    2007-01-01

    Dr. Franjo (Franz) Kresnik (born Wien 1869 - died Rijeka 1943) was an excellent physician and a Central European intellectual, a bohemian mind whose two loves in life made him very special. His passions were medicine and violin making. Most of his life was spent in Susak (now a part of Rijeka, Croatia), where he worked, played music and studied the art of making stringed instruments. He visited Cremona on several occasions and studied a number of violins, drawings and tools made and used by old masters. For his profound knowledge of Cremonese violin making the Italians dubbed him "Uomo che legge violini" (The Man Who Can Read Violins). In his workshop he made fifty-two violins, two violas, two cellos and a string quartet. Some of these instruments are still played in Europe and America. The remaining violins and possessions (tools, manuscripts, drawings, literature and countless diplomas and certificates) have been kept in a memorial room at the Maritime and History Museum of the Croatian Littoral in Rijeka. In addition, a street near the Faculty of Medicine in Rijeka is named after Franjo Kresnik.

  1. Fiddler's neck: Chin rest-associated irritant contact dermatitis and allergic contact dermatitis in a violin player.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caero, Jennifer E; Cohen, Philip R

    2012-09-15

    Fiddler's neck refers to an irritant contact dermatitis on the submandibular neck of violin and viola players and an allergic contact dermatitis to nickel from the bracket attaching the violin to the chin rest on the violinist's supraclavicular neck. A 26-year-old woman developed submandibular and supraclavicular left neck lesions corresponding to the locations of the chin rest and bracket that was attached to her violin that held it against her neck when she played. Substitution of a composite chin rest, which did not contain nickel, and the short-term application of a low potency topical corticosteroid cream, resulted in complete resolution of the allergic contact dermatitis supraclavicular neck lesion. The irritant contact dermatitis submandibular neck lesion persisted. In conclusion, violin players are predisposed to developing irritant contact dermatitis or allergic contact dermatitis from the chin rest. We respectfully suggest that the submandibular neck lesions from contact with the chin rest be referred to as 'fiddler's neck - type 1,' whereas the supraclavicular neck lesions resulting from contact of the bracket holding the chin rest in place be called 'fiddler's neck - type 2.' A composite chin rest should be considered in patients with a preceding history of allergic contact dermatitis to nickel.

  2. Violin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Curtin, Joseph; Rossing, Thomas D.

    The first known violins were built in Italy in the early 1500s. While not much is yet known about the instrument's prior development, European forebears include the rebec and the Renaissance fiddle, which themselves evolved from instruments found in the ancient Eastern world. The violin brought together in a particularly happy way features seen in a variety of earlier stringed instruments. Arched plates increased the stiffness-to-mass ratio of the body, creating a more brilliant sound and helping resist long-term deformation. A pronounced waist gave the bow access to the outermost strings, while the precisely calibrated curves of fingerboard and bridge enabled the strings to be played individually as well as in two-, three-, and even four-part chords. In contrast to the viola da gamba and guitar, the violin's top and back plates overhung the ribs, allowing easy removal for repairs, thus contributing to the instrument's fabled longevity. A graceful outline, harmonious proportions, and the minimal use of ornamentation together lent the violin a timeless beauty - explaining in part why it has resisted significant stylistic modification to this day. For a discussion of historical string instruments, see Chap. 17.

  3. Electric Guitar and Violin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gough, Colin

    Almost all the instruments described in this book have their origins in historical cultures dating back over many centuries. In contrast, the electric guitar and violin are clearly twentieth-century innovations. They are products of the electronics age following invention of the rectifying thermionic valve (tube) by John Ambrose Fleming in 1904, the amplifying triode valve (tube) by Lee de Forest in 1907, and the vacuum-filled amplifying valve (tube) by Irving Langmuir in 1915. By 1916, such valves were already being used in radio receivers, and important advances were being made in microphone, amplifier, and loudspeaker design. This, and the increasingly wide distribution of mains electricity in the 1920s, provided the technology and infrastructure for the development of the electric guitar and violin and their lower-pitched relations - the bass guitar, viola, cello, and string-bass. Although we focus here on the electric guitar and violin, almost everything discussed in this chapter is also relevant to their lower-pitched relations.

  4. Invasion of alien plants in fire-damaged forests at southern boundary of the taiga zone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khapugin, A.A.; Vargot, E.V.; Chugunov, G.G.; Shugaev, N.I.

    2016-07-01

    Aim of the study: Biological invasions are one of the most important areas of forest research. In this study, we revealed invasibility of fire-damaged forests at the southern boundary of the taiga zone. Area of study: The Mordovia State Nature Reserve (Central Russia). Material and Methods: Altogether, 11 square plots of each 100 ×100 m were established in different types of fire-damaged forests. To test plant invasion outside the established plots, field researches were carried out by route method in fire-damaged area of the Mordovia Reserve. Main Results: Six alien species (Erigeron canadensis, E. annuus, Oenothera biennis, Lactuca serriola, Sambucus racemosa, Viola arvensis) were registered within the established plots in 2011–2014. In addition, two alien invasive plants (Solidago canadensis and Bidens frondosa) were found outside these plots. No differences were detected in invasibility of the tested forest ecosystems. Research highlights: Among the revealed alien species, Erigeron canadensis, Lactuca serriola and Solidago canadensis are the most invasive plants in forest ecosystems. The first one was observed with a high occurrence frequency and abundance in all forest types tested. The second one has not been differed by abundance, but it characterized by a high competition as well as a large biomass and a large number of seeds. Solidago canadensis penetrated to natural forest ecosystem in a short time period due to closest location of its dispersal centers near the boundary of the Mordovia Reserve. These species are the most probable invaders of the forest ecosystems. (Author)

  5. Refractive errors in Cameroonians diagnosed with complete oculocutaneous albinism

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    Eballé AO

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballé1,3, Côme Ebana Mvogo2, Christelle Noche4, Marie Evodie Akono Zoua2, Andin Viola Dohvoma21Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Douala, Cameroon, 2Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 3Yaoundé Gynaeco-obstetric and Paediatric Hospital. Yaoundé, Cameroon; 4Faculty of Medicine, Université des Montagnes. Bangangté, CameroonBackground: Albinism causes significant eye morbidity and amblyopia in children. The aim of this study was to determine the refractive state in patients with complete oculocutaneous albinism who were treated at the Gynaeco-Obstetric and Paediatric Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon and evaluate its effect on vision.Methods: We carried out this retrospective study at the ophthalmology unit of our hospital. All oculocutaneous albino patients who were treated between March 1, 2003 and December 31, 2011 were included.Results: Thirty-five patients (70 eyes diagnosed with complete oculocutaneous albinism were enrolled. Myopic astigmatism was the most common refractive error (40%. Compared with myopic patients, those with myopic astigmatism and hypermetropic astigmatism were four and ten times less likely, respectively, to demonstrate significant improvement in distance visual acuity following optical correction.Conclusion: Managing refractive errors is an important way to reduce eye morbidity-associated low vision in oculocutaneous albino patients.Keywords: albinism, visual acuity, refraction, Cameroon

  6. Construção social, materialidade e identidade na relação instrumento-instrumentista : explorando novos caminhos na sociologia da música

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro dos Santos Boia

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Grounded on a research about the viola and violist, this article deals with wider questions related to the sociological approach to music at the epistemological, theoretical and methodological levels, which the author considers to be particularly relevant nowadays. The need to capture the music “itself” – including its materiality – in sociological analysis (avoiding the loss of the object that happens in the approaches grounded on the notion of “art worlds” and also, up to a considerable extent, in the perspectives based on the tradition of French structuralism should be highlighted, as well as the urgency to overcome the dichotomy between the “aesthetic” and the “social”. The proposals presented here derive from the articulation of the author’s own work with other recent developments in music sociology (specifically DeNora and Hennion, as well as in the psychology of music (E. Clarke. The importance of elements from ANT (actor-network theory, specifically Latour, Bourdieu’s “theory of practice” and of certain analytical frameworks and studies developed within social psychology must be stressed as well, as these constitute important resources for the research and discussion. Methodologically, this case study consists on a critical historiography of the instrument based on documental analysis, combined with ethnography (participation-observation afforded by the double-status of the author as a sociologist and a violist. Additionally, semi-structured interviews have been made to violists and other musicians

  7. A guerra do Kosovo e a desintegração da Iugoslávia: notas sobre a (reconstrução do Estado no fim do mil

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    Nogueira João Pontes

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available A guerra do Kosovo foi o primeiro conflito armado envolvendo a OTAN desde a sua criação, e a maior crise humanitária ocorrida na Europa desde o fim da Segunda Guerra Mundial. A operação foi vista por muitos analistas como uma tentativa de ampliação do alcance da hegemonia norte-americana naquele continente. O conflito, porém, pode ser interpretado no contexto da evolução da prática de intervenções humanitárias no pós-Guerra Fria, principalmente diante de casos de graves violações aos direitos humanos em regiões onde o Estado-nação encontra-se em processo de fragmentação. O artigo discute a intervenção no Kosovo tendo como referência a instabilidade sistêmica causada pelo colapso do Estado iugoslavo depois do fim da Guerra Fria e a redefinição da regra da soberania, implícita nos esforços de ordenamento e estabilização empreendidos pela comunidade internacional diante das ameaças à segurança internacional geradas por crises humanitárias.

  8. A novel hybrid biometric electronic voting system: integrating finger print face recognition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Najam, S.S.; Shaikh, A.Z.; Naqvi, S.

    2018-01-01

    A novel hybrid design based electronic voting system is proposed, implemented and analyzed. The proposed system uses two voter verification techniques to give better results in comparison to single identification based systems. Finger print and facial recognition based methods are used for voter identification. Cross verification of a voter during an election process provides better accuracy than single parameter identification method. The facial recognition system uses Viola-Jones algorithm along with rectangular Haar feature selection method for detection and extraction of features to develop a biometric template and for feature extraction during the voting process. Cascaded machine learning based classifiers are used for comparing the features for identity verification using GPCA (Generalized Principle Component Analysis) and K-NN (K-Nearest Neighbor). It is accomplished through comparing the Eigen-vectors of the extracted features with the biometric template pre-stored in the election regulatory body database. The results of the proposed system show that the proposed cascaded design based system performs better than the systems using other classifiers or separate schemes i.e. facial or finger print based schemes. The proposed system will be highly useful for real time applications due to the reason that it has 91% accuracy under nominal light in terms of facial recognition. (author)

  9. A Novel Hybrid Biometric Electronic Voting System: Integrating Finger Print and Face Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahram Najam

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available A novel hybrid design based electronic voting system is proposed, implemented and analyzed. The proposed system uses two voter verification techniques to give better results in comparison to single identification based systems. Finger print and facial recognition based methods are used for voter identification. Cross verification of a voter during an election process provides better accuracy than single parameter identification method. The facial recognition system uses Viola-Jones algorithm along with rectangular Haar feature selection method for detection and extraction of features to develop a biometric template and for feature extraction during the voting process. Cascaded machine learning based classifiers are used for comparing the features for identity verification using GPCA (Generalized Principle Component Analysis and K-NN (K-Nearest Neighbor. It is accomplished through comparing the Eigen-vectors of the extracted features with the biometric template pre-stored in the election regulatory body database. The results of the proposed system show that the proposed cascaded design based system performs better than the systems using other classifiers or separate schemes i.e. facial or finger print based schemes. The proposed system will be highly useful for real time applications due to the reason that it has 91% accuracy under nominal light in terms of facial recognition.

  10. Quantized embeddings: an efficient and universal nearest neighbor method for cloud-based image retrieval

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rane, Shantanu; Boufounos, Petros; Vetro, Anthony

    2013-09-01

    We propose a rate-efficient, feature-agnostic approach for encoding image features for cloud-based nearest neighbor search. We extract quantized random projections of the image features under consideration, transmit these to the cloud server, and perform matching in the space of the quantized projections. The advantage of this approach is that, once the underlying feature extraction algorithm is chosen for maximum discriminability and retrieval performance (e.g., SIFT, or eigen-features), the random projections guarantee a rate-efficient representation and fast server-based matching with negligible loss in accuracy. Using the Johnson-Lindenstrauss Lemma, we show that pair-wise distances between the underlying feature vectors are preserved in the corresponding quantized embeddings. We report experimental results of image retrieval on two image databases with different feature spaces; one using SIFT features and one using face features extracted using a variant of the Viola-Jones face recognition algorithm. For both feature spaces, quantized embeddings enable accurate image retrieval combined with improved bit-rate efficiency and speed of matching, when compared with the underlying feature spaces.

  11. Structural and temporal evolution of a reactivated brittle-ductile fault - Part II: Timing of fault initiation and reactivation by K-Ar dating of synkinematic illite/muscovite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Torgersen, E.; Viola, G.; Zwingmann, H.; Harris, C.

    2014-12-01

    Present-day exposures of ancient faults represent only the end result of the faults' often protracted and heterogeneous histories. Here we apply K-Ar dating of synkinematic illite/muscovite to constrain the timing of the complete temporal evolution of a complex, multiply-reactivated brittle-ductile fault, the Kvenklubben Fault in northern Norway. All obtained ages vary as a function of grain size. Geologically significant events are identified principally on the basis of detailed structural analysis presented in a companion paper (Torgersen and Viola, 2014). Faulting initiated at 531±11Ma, but most strain was accommodated during Caledonian compression at 445±9Ma. The fault was reactivated extensionally at 121±5Ma. C and O isotopic composition of carbonates and silicates in the fault rocks demonstrates that mineral authigenesis was linked to wall-rock disintegration through dolomite decarbonation and metabasalt carbonation. We suggest that the commonly observed case of age decreasing with grain size in K-Ar and 40Ar/39Ar dating of brittle fault rocks can be interpreted as a consequence of mixing between two end-member illite/muscovite generations: an authigenic and a protolithic, in which the finest authigenic grains constrain the timing of the last faulting increment. Integrating detailed structural analysis with age dating is the key towards a better understanding of fault architecture development and the temporal evolution of strain localization and deformation mechanisms.

  12. Maternidade atrás das grades: em busca da cidadania e da saúde. Um estudo sobre a legislação brasileira

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Ventura

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo analisa as conexões entre saúde, direitos, legislação e políticas públicas a partir da pesquisa documental realizada no âmbito federal e nos estados do Rio Grande do Sul, Mato Grosso, Paraná e São Paulo, acerca das garantias legais das mulheres e seus filhos que vivem no cárcere. Busca instrumentalizar uma atuação garantista dos agentes públicos e dar visibilidade à problemática, diante das extremas vulnerabilidades e invisibilidade jurídica e administrativa da questão. Foram identificadas 33 normas legais, com pontos de tensão, como a possibilidade de prisão domiciliar e as disparidades quanto a prazos e condições de permanência das crianças no sistema penitenciário. A garantia legal constitucional do direito à amamentação é refletida nas regulamentações identificadas. Mas constatam-se ausências de outros aspectos relativos à maternidade na prisão, que se traduzem em dupla penalidade às mulheres, arbitrariamente estendida aos seus filhos. É necessária a ampliação e efetivação da regulamentação existente para prevenir e coibir as violações de direitos apontadas.

  13. Beijar e Matar, Pena Mínima de Seis Anos de Reclusão: a teratológica legislação criminal de condutas indeterminadas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Luis Callegaro Nunes

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A hediondez do delito de atentado violento gera o perigo de se igualarem as penas mínimas aplicadas ao sujeito que pratica um simples “ato libidinoso” e aquele que “mata alguém”. A conduta descrita no art. 214 do Código Penal não atenta para o fato que o ato libidinoso se amolda a qualquer conduta, ensejando interpretações ofensivas a princípios constitucionais. Neste ponto a legislação penal não mantém o equilíbrio entre o fato narrado e a aplicação da sanção. Viola a isonomia, punindo com a mesma sanção indivíduos que se encontram em situações diversas e ignora a proporcionalidade da resposta estatal, podendo ofender o princípio da insignificância. Diante disso, para manter hígidos ospilares da isonomia e proporcionalidade propõe-se a isenção ou diminuição da responsabilidade penal doacusado a fim de que se tenha uma adequada a sanção estatal para cada conduta delitiva

  14. Risco Moral nos Contratos de Seguro de Responsabilidade Civil “D&O” (Directors and Officers Liability Insurance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Wallau Rodrigues

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available O texto trata dos contratos de seguro de responsabilidade civil sob a modalidade “D&O” (directors & officers liability, recentemente regulamentos pela SUSEP, cujo objeto é a proteção do risco pela responsabilização de administradores de empresas (diretores e conselheiros de administração em razão de atos cometidos no exercício de suas atividades. O enfoque da pesquisa reside nas cláusulas de afastamento de cobertura pelo cometimento de atos relacionados à corrupção – o que, segundo a lógica aplicada por algumas seguradoras, implicaria no risco moral e no aumento dos casos de violação à legislação anticorrupção. Nesse cenário, é proposta uma análise crítica acerca da cláusula de afastamento de cobertura, notadamente a partir da sua interpretação a partir da eficiência e proporcionalidade.

  15. Fragment emission studies of the 16O+12C reaction

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kundu, S.; Dey, A.; Banerjee, K.; Rana, T. K.; Muhkopadhayay, S.; Gupta, D.; Saha, R.; Bhattacharya, S.; Bhattacharya, C.

    2008-01-01

    The inclusive energy distributions of the fragments (3≤Z≤5) emitted in the reaction 16 O+ 12 C have been measured in the angular range 9 deg. to 29 deg., at the energies 117, 125, 145, and 160 MeV, respectively. The centroids of the fragments energy distributions follow Viola systematics, which suggest that the fragments are emitted from a fully energy relaxed composite--as expected for both FF and orbiting processes. The center of mass angular distributions of the fragments B, Be, and Li obtained at all the bombarding energies follow 1/sinθ c.m. like variation--which further corroborates the conjecture of emission from fully equilibrated composite. The average values for the fragments B, Be, and Li are found to be independent of the center of mass emission angles, which further suggest that at all angles, the fragments are emitted from completely equilibrated source at all incident energies considered here. The yields of the fragments Li and Be are in agreement with statistical-model predictions. The enhanced yields of entrance channel fragment B indicate the survival of orbiting-like process in 16 O+ 12 C system at these energies

  16. Democracia e os discursos de ódio religioso: O debate entre Dworkin e Waldron sobre os limites da tolerância

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Foroni Consani

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/1677-2954.2015v14n2p174 Este artigo analisa as divergências que permeiam o debate entre dois jusfilósofos liberais contemporâneos, a saber, Ronald Dworkin e Jeremy Waldron, a respeito da relação entre democracia, tolerância e os discursos de ódio religioso. Primeiramente, são apresentados os argumentos de Dworkin segundo os quais qualquer tentativa do Estado de impor limites a discursos e manifestações de ódio religioso viola o direito fundamental à liberdade de expressão e, por conseguinte, afeta a legitimidade democrática. A seguir, apresenta-se o posicionamento de Waldron segundo o qual restrições legais aos discursos de ódio são necessárias para assegurar que a intolerância não solape os princípios e valores democráticos. Por fim, avalia-se em que medida as propostas dos autores conseguem apresentar respostas satisfatórias para a relação entre religião, democracia e tolerância.

  17. Intervenção no abuso sexual intrafamiliar: ingerência invasiva ou proteção devida?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santos, Viviane Amaral dos

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este texto se propõe a discutir os aspectos jurídicos e psicológicos presentes no abuso sexual intrafamiliar. Pensamos a proteção da criança ou do adolescente a partir da constatação de que o maior número de abusos sexuais é cometido no seio das famílias e com maior frequência pelos pais e padrastos. Colocamos algumas questões com o intuito de melhor compreender a interface entre Psicologia e Direito na ingerência deste problema, com vistas à possível proteção e restauração de direitos das vítimas. Ressaltamos as contradições presentes e concluímos que a intervenção judicial pode ser determinante para a interrupção da violação do direito a uma vida digna e ao desenvolvimento sexual saudável tanto de crianças como de adolescentes. Reconhecemos que, apesar de a violência sexual intrafamiliar ocorrer no contexto privado, ela tem caráter social e público por atentar contra os direitos humanos básicos, e requer uma intervenção legal para restabelecer e garantir esses direitos

  18. Plant ecological groups and soil properties of common hazel (Corylus avellana L. stand in Safagashteh forest, north of Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pourbabaei Hassan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In Safragashteh forest of Fuman in north of Iran, there is a hazel stand, which has grown naturally. The aim of this research was to evaluate the plant communities and soil characteristics in the area. This study included 50 ha of hazel protected area. A selective sampling method was utilized to record 30 400 m2 for tree and shrub layers, and sub-plots of 100 m2 for herbaceous species. Soil samples were collected at the 30 plots. We found three ecological species groups in the study area. Corylus avellana and Epimedium pinnatum in first group, Fagus orientalis, Asperula odorata, Euphorbia amygdaloides, Carex sp., Fragaria vesca and Viola sylvestris in second group, and Crataegus microphylla, Ilex spinigera, Primula heterochroma, Sedum stoloniferum and Vicia crocea in thirth group were the indicator species. Sand percent was significantly highest in Corylus avellana group, while clay, nutrients elements, pH and SP were significantly highest in the other groups. Biodiversity indices in Corylus avellana group were significantly less than other stands. We recommend to provide comprehensive conservation and management programs in order to protect of common hazel, associated plant species, and to prevent of human activities such as recreational use and livestock.

  19. Aborto e saúde pública no Brasil: reflexões sob a perspectiva dos direitos humanos

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    Karla Ferraz dos Anjos

    Full Text Available O estudo objetivou descrever a relação entre aborto e saúde pública no Brasil, sob a perspectiva dos direitos humanos. Trata-se de uma revisão de literatura realizada na base de dados SciELO. Verificou-se que a busca de mulheres pelos seus direitos perdura por décadas e, mesmo alcançando várias conquistas, como as ocorridas na assistência à saúde da mulher, ainda são necessárias outras mudanças, como, por exemplo, na assistência preventiva da gravidez indesejada e no respeito aos direitos humanos de mulheres que desejam abortar. Conclui-se que, por conta da criminalização do aborto no País, diversas mulheres realizam este procedimento de forma insegura, provocando danos a sua própria saúde, o que se configura em uma violação dos direitos humanos.

  20. Human Activity Recognition in a Car with Embedded Devices

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    Danilo Burbano

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Detection and prediction of drowsiness is key for the implementation of intelligent vehicles aimed to prevent highway crashes. There are several approaches for such solution. In thispaper the computer vision approach will be analysed, where embedded devices (e.g.videocameras are used along with machine learning and pattern recognition techniques for implementing suitable solutions for detecting driver fatigue. Most of the research in computer vision systems focused on the analysis of blinks, this is a notable solution when it is combined with additional patterns like yawing or head motion for the recognition of drowsiness. The first step in this approach is the face recognition, where AdaBoost algorithm shows accurate results for the feature extraction, whereas regarding the detection of drowsiness the data-driven classifiers such as Support Vector Machine (SVM yields remarkable results. One underlying component for implementing a computer vision technology for detection of drowsiness is a database of spontaneous images from the Facial Action Coding System (FACS, where the classifier can be trained accordingly. This paper introduces a straightforward prototype for detection of drowsiness, where the Viola-Jones method is used for face recognition and cascade classifier is used for the detection of a contiguous sequence of eyes closed, which a reconsidered as drowsiness.

  1. Measurement Of Neutron Radius In Lead By Parity Violating Scattering Flash ADC DAQ

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ahmed, Zafar [Christopher Newport Univ., Newport News, VA (United States)

    2012-06-01

    This dissertation reports the experiment PREx, a parity violation experiment which is designed to measure the neutron radius in 208Pb. PREx is performed in hall A of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility from March 19th to June 21st. Longitudionally polarized electrons at energy 1 GeV scattered at and angle of θlab = 5.8 ° from the Lead target. Beam corrected pairty violaing counting rate asymmetry is (Acorr= 594 ± 50(stat) ± 9(syst))ppb at Q2 = 0.009068GeV 2. This dissertation also presents the details of Flash ADC Data Acquisition(FADC DAQ) system for Moller polarimetry in Hall A of Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility. The Moller polarimeter measures the beam polarization to high precision to meet the specification of the PREx(Lead radius experiment). The FADC DAQ is part of the upgrade of Moller polarimetery to reduce the systematic error for PREx. The hardware setup and the results of the FADC DAQ analysis are presented

  2. Face recognition in simulated prosthetic vision: face detection-based image processing strategies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing; Wu, Xiaobei; Lu, Yanyu; Wu, Hao; Kan, Han; Chai, Xinyu

    2014-08-01

    Given the limited visual percepts elicited by current prosthetic devices, it is essential to optimize image content in order to assist implant wearers to achieve better performance of visual tasks. This study focuses on recognition of familiar faces using simulated prosthetic vision. Combined with region-of-interest (ROI) magnification, three face extraction strategies based on a face detection technique were used: the Viola-Jones face region, the statistical face region (SFR) and the matting face region. These strategies significantly enhanced recognition performance compared to directly lowering resolution (DLR) with Gaussian dots. The inclusion of certain external features, such as hairstyle, was beneficial for face recognition. Given the high recognition accuracy achieved and applicable processing speed, SFR-ROI was the preferred strategy. DLR processing resulted in significant face gender recognition differences (i.e. females were more easily recognized than males), but these differences were not apparent with other strategies. Face detection-based image processing strategies improved visual perception by highlighting useful information. Their use is advisable for face recognition when using low-resolution prosthetic vision. These results provide information for the continued design of image processing modules for use in visual prosthetics, thus maximizing the benefits for future prosthesis wearers.

  3. Assédio moral nos ambientes corporativos

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    Yumara Lúcia Vasconcelos

    Full Text Available Resumo:Esse artigo teve como objetivo caracterizar o assédio moral nos ambientes corporativos à luz do paradigma conceitual do que se concebe como "dignidade humana" e violação do princípio jurídico da boa-fé. Especificamente, visou identificar padrões na argumentação jurídica e no enquadramento de práticas nocivas à saúde mental do trabalhador. O estudo, de natureza qualitativa, tomou por base o estudo de situações jurídicas, orientando-se pela demanda por definição e caracterização da prática assediadora no âmbito organizacional e dos limites do conceito da dignidade humana. Como principal resultado, o estudo colocou em contraste a necessidade de contextualização do fato propulsor da denúncia e caracterização do assédio, sem olvidar a relevância do significado ou sentido atribuído pelo indivíduo ao fenômeno analisado.

  4. Violência e medo permeando a exploração sexual de crianças e adolescentes

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    Leonardo Balbino Mascarenhas

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Pesquisa realizada pelo Programa Pólos de Cidadania, Faculdadede Direito/UFMG, em 2004, detectou a exploração sexual infantojuvenilcomo um dos principais problemas de violação dos direitoshumanos na região do Médio Vale do Jequitinhonha, Minas Gerais.Nos dois anos seguintes, no intuito de prevenir a exploração sexualpor meio da geração de trabalho e renda, o Programa Pólos realizouum projeto amplo de pesquisa-ação na região. Esse trabalhocontinua sob os auspícios da Secretaria Especial de DireitosHumanos da Presidência da República. O presente artigo retomaalgumas informações coletadas durante os trabalhos de campo,especialmente as entrevistas realizadas com crianças e adolescentesda região. O objetivo é o de analisar a alta incidência da violênciana região e sua relação com a exploração sexual infanto-juvenil.Violência e medo são categorias recorrentes nos discursosanalisados. A exploração sexual, violência sobre o corpo, é umadas suas manifestações.

  5. Racismo e preconceito contra os Avá-Guarani em Guaíra e Terra Roxa no Paraná.

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    Rosangela Daiana dos Santos

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Os casos de preconceito e racismo contra as comunidades indígenas em Guaíra e Terra Roxa no Paraná é preocupante e vem se agravando com o passar dos anos, a partir das análises feitas neste artigo trataremos das abordagens sobre o racismo, o preconceito e os casos onde os indígenas são reprimidos e excluídos da sociedade onde estão inseridos, como consequências de campanhas anti-indígenas lançadas por políticos. No decorrer deste artigo trataremos de discussões de uma reunião que ocorreu em uma comunidade indígena em Guaíra - PR em junho de 2016; contextualizaremos os processos históricos que levaram a matança dos povos indígenas, relacionando-a com acontecimentos dos últimos anos e as violações dos direitos indígenas. Na atualidade faz-se necessário a conscientização da população, dessa forma discutiremos soluções que podem ser tomadas para tentar mudar o rumo desses acontecimentos.

  6. Análise espacial de dados de contagem com excesso de zeros aplicado ao estudo da incidência de dengue em Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil

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    José Vilton Costa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A incidência de dengue ocorre predominantemente em áreas urbanas das cidades. Identificar o padrão de distribuição espacial da doença no nível local contribui na formulação de estratégias de controle e prevenção da doença. A análise espacial de dados de contagem para pequenas áreas comumente viola as suposições dos modelos tradicionais de Poisson, devido à quantidade excessiva de zeros. Neste estudo, comparou-se o desempenho de quatro modelos de contagem utilizados no mapeamento de doenças: Poisson, Binomial negativa, Poisson inflacionado de zeros e Binomial negativa inflacionado de zeros. Os métodos foram comparados em um estudo de simulação. Os modelos analisados no estudo de simulação foram aplicados em um estudo ecológico espacial, aos dados de dengue agregados por setores censitários, do Município de Campinas, São Paulo, Brasil, em 2007. A análise espacial foi conduzida por modelos hierárquicos bayesianos. O modelo de Poisson inflacionado de zeros apresentou melhor desempenho para estimar o risco relativo de incidência de dengue nos setores censitários.

  7. The impact of the long-term playing of musical instruments on the stomatognathic system - review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Głowacka, Arleta; Matthews-Kozanecka, Maja; Kawala, Maciej; Kawala, Beata

    2014-01-01

    In this article, we have made a review of the influence of playing musical instruments on the formation of malocclusion and TMJ disorders in musicians. Primary attention was paid to the effects of wind and stringed instruments. The aim of the article was the presentation of research and opinions about this problem in the last 25 years. It is reported that long-term and repetitive playing of musical instruments, particularly stringed (violin and viola) and wind instruments can cause dysfunctions of the stomatognathic system. The impact of wind instruments was assessed in terms of the type of mouthpiece. We studied the possibility of repositioning the front teeth and reducing the width of the upper dental arch and overbite. There were also reports on the use of a specific instrument to improve the child's occlusion. Studies have also been performed on the usefulness of relaxation plates in order to improve, and even prevent, dysfunction caused by the constant stress on the same parts of the stomatognathic system. The experiments were mainly based on interviews, dental cast analyses and cephalometric analyses. Additional methods were dynamometer tests and muscle tension palpation.

  8. Inverse-kinematics study of 78Kr + 40Ca at 10 AMeV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry E.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The CHIMERA multi-detector array at LNS Catania has been used to study the inverse-kinematics reaction of 78Kr + 40Ca at a bombarding energy of 10 A MeV. Analysis of the experimental data focused on a class of selected events consistent with the complete fusion and subsequent binary split of the of the reacting system. This class of events features a broad A, Z distribution of fission fragments centered about symmetric fission while exhibiting relative velocities significantly higher than given by Viola systematics. The center-of-mass angular distribution (dσ/dΘ of the fission fragments exhibit an unexpected anisotropy inconsistent with a compound-nucleus reaction and indicates a dynamic fusion-fission like process. The observed angular distribution features an asymmetric forward-backward peaking most prevalent for mass-asymmetric events. Furthermore, the more massive fragment of mass-asymmetric events appears to emerge preferentially in the forward direction, along the beam axis, in analogy to dynamic fragmentation of projectile-like fragments. Analysis of the angular distribution of alpha particles emitted from these fission fragments suggests the events are associated mostly with central collisions.

  9. PROTEÇÃO DOS ACIONISTAS MINORITÁRIOS NAS SOCIEDADES POR AÇÕES DE CAPITAL ABERTO: PANORAMA DAS PRINCIPAIS MEDIDAS ADMINISTRATIVAS E JUDICIAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Giovanardi Dozza

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A atividade empresarial é uma das maiores fontes de enriquecimento de um país, gerando, além de emprego e tributos, lucro para seus acionistas. Por isto, se mostra indispensável um estudo mais aprofundando dos instrumentos que possam vir a ser utilizados pelos acionistas minoritários, já que estão sempre contando com a benevolência dos interesses do grupo controlador. Serão tratadas as medidas administrativas e judiciais que o acionista minoritário terá o direito de valer-se no caso de ocorrência de ilegalidade ou injustiça ou caso não esteja satisfeito com alguma medida que seja tomada para o prejudicar indiretamente. Há, sem dúvidas, interesse notório na matéria, já que a sociedade por ações aceita qualquer um que esteja interessado em investir suas economias em ações de companhias abertas deverá saber.Ressalva-se que não há o intuito de esgotar o assunto sobre o tema. O objetivo é o de analisar, em tópicos, as peculiaridades dos instrumentos mais utilizados pelos acionistas minoritários na busca de equilíbrio quando da ocorrência da violação de seus direitos.

  10. La ocurrencia del artículo definido en construcciones partitivas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mare

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Una de las propiedades que presentan las construcciones partitivas es la denominada Condición de Anti-unicidad (ver Jackendoff 1977, Kayne 1994, Barker 1998, i.e., se trata de estructuras indefinidas. Sin embargo, hay una serie de datos que parecen poner en cuestión la condición mencionada: (1 las construcciones partitivas en las variedades antiguas de las lenguas romances, que presentan la secuencia determinante definido + numeral (Esp.Ant. los dos de los soldados y (2 en español actual, aparece el determinante definido cuando el cuantificador es más o menos (los más de los estudiantes. En este trabajo nos proponemos demostrar que ninguna de estas construcciones viola la Condición de Anti-unicidad y que la presencia del determinante es el resultado de que el movimiento del cuantificador a la posición de Especificador del SD no tuvo lugar.

  11. The sensilla of Aedes and Anopheles mosquitoes and their importance in repellency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amer, Abdelkrim; Mehlhorn, Heinz

    2006-09-01

    The aim of this study was to detect the role of some mosquito organs in their sensation of repellent materials. A total of 250 females (15 days old) of the target species Aedes aegypti and Anopheles stephensi were prepared and divided into five groups: group 1, without antenna; group 2, without maxillary bulbs; group 3, without proboscis; group 4, without frontal tarsus; and group 5, normal females as control. A mixture of five oils containing Litsea cubeba 1%, Melaleuca leucadendron 1%, Melaleuca quinquenervia 1%, Viola odorata 1%, and Nepeta cataria 1% was included in a complex solvent containing 20% genapol, 10% polyethylene glycol, 20% ethanol, and 50% water. Furthermore, Bayrepel was used in this experiment at a 20% concentration in the same solvent. Pure water was used as control in this study. The test was carried out by spreading 100 microl of the repellent material or water on a 30-cm2 exposure area of a human volunteer's arm. In A. aegypti, the biting and landing percentages increased significantly in those mosquito groups that lacked some organs (especially maxillary bulbs), while in A. stephensi, it became not clear which organ is responsible for perception of repellents.

  12. Biological diversity of weeds in a winter triticale (Triticum rimpaui Wittm. crop depending on different doses of herbicides and foliar fertilization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sylwia Andruszczak

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available A field experiment was conducted in the period 2006-2008 on incomplete podzolic soil. The present study investigated the effect of different doses of the herbicides Mustang 306 SE and Attribut 70 WG as well as of the foliar fertilizers Insol 3 and FoliCare 18:18:18 on the biodiversity of weeds in a winter triticale crop, 'Todan'. The segetal flora was assessed 6 weeks after the application of the herbicides and before the harvest of the triticale crop. The herbicides were applied together at labelled doses as well as at doses reduced to 75% and by half. Spraying with the foliar fertilizers was done twice during the growing period. Plots in which no herbicides or foliar fertilizers were used were the control treatment. Matricaria maritima and Viola arvensis from the dicotyledonous class were predominant in the winter triticale crop, whereas Apera spica-venti was the dominant species among the monocotyledons. The weed control efficacy of the reduced herbicide doses was weaker compared to the labelled rates by, respectively, from 6% to 9% at the first time of weed infestation assessment and from 4% to 8% at the second assessment time. Simultaneously, air-dry weight of weeds in the herbicide-treated plots did not differ significantly. This indicates that it is possible to reduce herbicide doses in a winter triticale crop without a risk of increased weed infestation .

  13. Que direito à saúde para a população GLBT? Considerando direitos humanos, sexuais e reprodutivos em busca da integralidade e da eqüidade

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Lionço

    Full Text Available Este artigo tem como objetivo problematizar a pertinência de uma política de saúde para a população de Gays, Lésbicas, Bissexuais, Travestis e Transexuais - GLBT. A partir da consideração dos processos de violação de seus direitos humanos, sistematicamente comprometidos devido a estigmas e processos discriminatórios, busca-se evidenciar a necessidade de uma política de saúde específica a esta população, na perspectiva da integralidade da atenção e da eqüidade no sistema de saúde. O desafio da construção de uma política de atenção integral à saúde dessa população, tal como prevista no programa de governo federal Brasil sem Homofobia, implica a complexificação e alargamento do que se compreende por direitos sexuais e reprodutivos para a efetiva promoção da eqüidade e universalidade do acesso aos bens e serviços.

  14. El consentimiento informado en sentencia del Tribunal Constitucional Español 37/2011 de 28 de marzo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angel Pelayo González-Torre

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available El Tribunal Constitucional considera incluido dentro del derecho fundamental a la integridad física y moral del art. 15 una facultad de oposición a la asistencia médica, de manera que el derecho se viola cuando se impone a una persona asistencia médica contra su voluntad. Que el artículo 15 no aluda al consentimiento informado no implica que este instituto quede fuera de la previsión constitucional, de manera que la garantía de la efectividad del derecho a la integridad personal implica en el ámbito médico que cualquier actuación que afecte a la integridad personal ha de ser consentida por el sujeto o estar constitucionalmente justificada. En este campo el derecho a la información alcanza una relevancia que hace que su omisión o defectuosa realización pueda suponer una lesión del derecho fundamental. Este derecho no puede verse limitado de manera injustificada como consecuencia de una situación de enfermedad, ya que este derecho es distinto del derecho a la salud y del derecho a la vida.

  15. Toward retail product recognition on grocery shelves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Varol, Gül; Kuzu, Rıdvan S.

    2015-03-01

    This paper addresses the problem of retail product recognition on grocery shelf images. We present a technique for accomplishing this task with a low time complexity. We decompose the problem into detection and recognition. The former is achieved by a generic product detection module which is trained on a specific class of products (e.g. tobacco packages). Cascade object detection framework of Viola and Jones [1] is used for this purpose. We further make use of Support Vector Machines (SVMs) to recognize the brand inside each detected region. We extract both shape and color information; and apply feature-level fusion from two separate descriptors computed with the bag of words approach. Furthermore, we introduce a dataset (available on request) that we have collected for similar research purposes. Results are presented on this dataset of more than 5,000 images consisting of 10 tobacco brands. We show that satisfactory detection and classification can be achieved on devices with cheap computational power. Potential applications of the proposed approach include planogram compliance control, inventory management and assisting visually impaired people during shopping.

  16. Surfactant-induced deposit structures in relation to the biological efficacy of glyphosate on easy- and difficult-to-wet weed species.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraemer, Thorsten; Hunsche, Mauricio; Noga, Georg

    2009-08-01

    Typical active ingredient (AI) residue patterns are formed during droplet drying on plant surfaces owing to the interaction of spray solution characteristics and leaf micromorphology. Currently, comparatively little is known about the influence of AI deposit patterns within a spray droplet residue area on the penetration and biological efficacy of glyphosate. A scanning electron microscope with energy dispersive X-ray microanalysis has been used to characterise residue patterns and to quantify the area ultimately covered by glyphosate within the droplet spread area. The easy-to-wet weed species Stellaria media L. and Viola arvensis L., as well as the difficult-to-wet Chenopodium album L. and Setaria viridis L., differing in their surface micromorphology, have been used. Rapeseed oil ethoxylates (RSO 5 or RSO 60) were added to glyphosate solutions to provide different droplet spread areas. Addition of RSO 5 enhanced droplet spread area more than RSO 60, and both caused distinct glyphosate residue patterns. The biological efficacy of treatment solutions showed no significant correlation with the area ultimately covered by glyphosate. The results have implications on herbicide uptake models. This study shows that droplet spread area does not correspond to the area ultimately covered by glyphosate, and that the latter does not affect glyphosate phytotoxicity.

  17. On Hamlet's Crypt: Effi Briest, Asta Nielsen, Aand Britney Spears

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Viola Kolarov

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available This contribution looks at the way instinct is transmitted and represented as ghost appearance. The essay elaborates two basic theses: first, that instinct is not defined by creaturely heritage, since it is not a testable structure in itself, nor subject to mourning and developmental processes; and second, that works of fine literature and pop oeuvres alike may serve as carriers of a ghost transmission charged with instinctive heritage. The study represents a model for reading ghostly genealogies that complement the familiar and familial reproductive ones as it draws on traditions such as the adultery novel, continental philosophy, psychoanalysis, and Disney. Currently based in Berlin, Viola Kolarov has taught in the German Departments of the Johns Hopkins University and New York University. She has published on Shakespeare, contemporary art, film, and pop culture. Her forthcoming book, “Shakespeare and the Autobiography of the Machine Age,” rethinks Goethe, the German translation/transmission of Shakespeare, and the German literary tradition in the contexts of media technology. Originally from Berlin, Susanne Lanckowsky entered the Academy of Fine Arts Karlsruhe, class of Franz Ackermann, in 2007. Since 2009 she has shown solo and in group on numerous occasions and studied abroad with prestigious scholarship support for one semester at the Faculdade de Belas Artes Universidade do Porto, Portugal, and for another semester at the Escuela Nacional de Pintura, Escultura y Grabado La Esmeralda in Mexico.

  18. Automatic Door Access System Using Face Recognition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hteik Htar Lwin

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Most doors are controlled by persons with the use of keys security cards password or pattern to open the door. Theaim of this paper is to help users forimprovement of the door security of sensitive locations by using face detection and recognition. Face is a complex multidimensional structure and needs good computing techniques for detection and recognition. This paper is comprised mainly of three subsystems namely face detection face recognition and automatic door access control. Face detection is the process of detecting the region of face in an image. The face is detected by using the viola jones method and face recognition is implemented by using the Principal Component Analysis PCA. Face Recognition based on PCA is generally referred to as the use of Eigenfaces.If a face is recognized it is known else it is unknown. The door will open automatically for the known person due to the command of the microcontroller. On the other hand alarm will ring for the unknown person. Since PCA reduces the dimensions of face images without losing important features facial images for many persons can be stored in the database. Although many training images are used computational efficiency cannot be decreased significantly. Therefore face recognition using PCA can be more useful for door security system than other face recognition schemes.

  19. Taxonomic review of the species of Helina R.-D. (Diptera: Muscidae) from Andean-Patagonian forests.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patitucci, Luciano Damián; Mulieri, Pablo Ricardo; Mariluis, Juan Carlos

    2016-08-12

    Helina Robineau-Desvoidy, 1830 is the second genus of Muscidae in terms of richness. This genus includes several species collected at high altitudes and high latitudes, and is poorly studied in the Neotropical region. Only 12 species of Helina have been recorded in the southern limit of South America in the Andean-Patagonian forests. In the present work, we studied all the species known from the Andean-Patagonian forests, with the exception of H. viola Malloch, 1934, present three new species, H. araucana sp. nov., H. dorada sp. nov., and H. ouina sp. nov., and provide the first description of the females of H. australis Carvalho & Pont, 1993 and H. rufoapicata Malloch, 1934. We also propose four new synonymies: H. nigrimana basilaris (Carvalho & Pont, 1993) and H. nigrimana grisea (Malloch, 1934) as new junior synonyms of H. nigrimana (Macquart, 1851); and H. fulvocalyptrata Malloch, 1934 and H. simplex Malloch, 1934 as new junior synonyms of H. chilensis Malloch, 1934. Finally, we provide a generic diagnosis and a new key for the Helina species of the Andean-Patagonian forests, as well as notes on the biology and distribution maps of each specimen, and discuss a preliminary contruction of groups of species.

  20. Diversity of agrocoenoses in the Lublin region, Poland

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    Mariola Staniak

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The Lublin region, one of the main agricultural regions in Poland, has very favorable conditions for agricultural production but the development of the agricultural sector has been very slow there. This is due, among other factors, to the extensive farming used on large areas and the fragmentation of fields with numerous fragments of natural ecosystems. In Lublin Province, cereals comprise the highest proportion of the crop structure, especially wheat, but farmers also often cultivate maize, oilseed rape, sugar beet, and legumes for consumption. The biological diversity of agricultural areas is enhanced by growing traditional plant species and varieties. Crop species are accompanied by segetal weeds, sometimes very expansive, sometimes rare and endangered by extinction. In recent years, the following have been the dominant weed species in the region’s crop fields: Galium aparine, Convolvulus arvensis, Papaver rhoeas, Viola arvensis, and Veronica persica. However, there are several locations of occurrence of Muscari comosum (a strictly protected species and the following unique species: Adonis aestivalis, Anthemis tinctoria, Caucalis platycarpos, Galium tricornutum, and Thymelaea passerina. In Lublin Province, there are many organic farms which contribute to the significant diversity of agricultural plant communities. In this review, we also indicate the biocoenotic role of weeds and their importance in the proper maintenance of agroecosystems and ecosystem services.

  1. O DANO MORAL PREVIDENCIÁRIO E A EFETIVAÇÃO DOS DIREITOS SOCIAIS NO ESTADO EM CRISE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aline de Paula Santos Vieira

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available A proteção à dignidade da pessoa humana, aliada aos demais princípios constitucionais norteadores do Direito Previdenciário, tem sido cada vez mais utilizada como instrumento de efetivação dos direitos sociais relativos à concessão e/ou revisão de benefícios previdenciários, os quais, diante de um estado em crise, devem ser efetivamente observados. O presente artigo traz uma reflexão acerca do instituto do Dano Moral Previdenciário, que vem se tornando evidente nas relações previdenciárias, sob o enfoque da efetivação dos direitos sociais, analisando o status constitucional conferido ao tema. Traz, também, considerações acerca das definições doutrinárias e jurisprudenciais acerca da definição do dano moral previdenciário, quanto à responsabilidade civil do Estado nesses casos, bem como quanto às hipóteses de cabimento da indenização por dano moral decorrente de vício nos processos de concessão de benefício, buscando justificativas para o referido instituto, enquanto reparador de violações às garantias fundamentais do cidadão, as quais tem sido frequentes diante da atual crise nacional.

  2. Search for R-parity violating decays of a top squark in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s}$ = 8 TeV

    CERN Document Server

    Khachatryan, Vardan; Tumasyan, Armen; Adam, Wolfgang; Aşılar, Ece; Bergauer, Thomas; Brandstetter, Johannes; Brondolin, Erica; Dragicevic, Marko; Erö, Janos; Flechl, Martin; Friedl, Markus; Fruehwirth, Rudolf; Ghete, Vasile Mihai; Hartl, Christian; Hörmann, Natascha; Hrubec, Josef; Jeitler, Manfred; Knünz, Valentin; König, Axel; Krammer, Manfred; Krätschmer, Ilse; Liko, Dietrich; Matsushita, Takashi; Mikulec, Ivan; Rabady, Dinyar; Rahbaran, Babak; Rohringer, Herbert; Schieck, Jochen; Schöfbeck, Robert; Strauss, Josef; Treberer-Treberspurg, Wolfgang; Waltenberger, Wolfgang; Wulz, Claudia-Elisabeth; Mossolov, Vladimir; Shumeiko, Nikolai; Suarez Gonzalez, Juan; Alderweireldt, Sara; Cornelis, Tom; De Wolf, Eddi A; Janssen, Xavier; Knutsson, Albert; Lauwers, Jasper; Luyckx, Sten; Van De Klundert, Merijn; Van Haevermaet, Hans; Van Mechelen, Pierre; Van Remortel, Nick; Van Spilbeeck, Alex; Abu Zeid, Shimaa; Blekman, Freya; D'Hondt, Jorgen; Daci, Nadir; De Bruyn, Isabelle; Deroover, Kevin; Heracleous, Natalie; Keaveney, James; Lowette, Steven; Moreels, Lieselotte; Olbrechts, Annik; Python, Quentin; Strom, Derek; Tavernier, Stefaan; Van Doninck, Walter; Van Mulders, Petra; Van Onsem, Gerrit Patrick; Van Parijs, Isis; Barria, Patrizia; Brun, Hugues; Caillol, Cécile; Clerbaux, Barbara; De Lentdecker, Gilles; Fasanella, Giuseppe; Favart, Laurent; Grebenyuk, Anastasia; Karapostoli, Georgia; Lenzi, Thomas; Léonard, Alexandre; Maerschalk, Thierry; Marinov, Andrey; Perniè, Luca; Randle-conde, Aidan; Seva, Tomislav; Vander Velde, Catherine; Vanlaer, Pascal; Yonamine, Ryo; Zenoni, Florian; Zhang, Fengwangdong; Beernaert, Kelly; Benucci, Leonardo; Cimmino, Anna; Crucy, Shannon; Dobur, Didar; Fagot, Alexis; Garcia, Guillaume; Gul, Muhammad; Mccartin, Joseph; Ocampo Rios, Alberto Andres; Poyraz, Deniz; Ryckbosch, Dirk; Salva Diblen, Sinem; Sigamani, Michael; Tytgat, Michael; Van Driessche, Ward; Yazgan, Efe; Zaganidis, Nicolas; Basegmez, Suzan; Beluffi, Camille; Bondu, Olivier; Brochet, Sébastien; Bruno, Giacomo; Caudron, Adrien; Ceard, Ludivine; Da Silveira, Gustavo Gil; Delaere, Christophe; Favart, Denis; Forthomme, Laurent; Giammanco, Andrea; Hollar, Jonathan; Jafari, Abideh; Jez, Pavel; Komm, Matthias; Lemaitre, Vincent; Mertens, Alexandre; Musich, Marco; Nuttens, Claude; Perrini, Lucia; Pin, Arnaud; Piotrzkowski, Krzysztof; Popov, Andrey; Quertenmont, Loic; Selvaggi, Michele; Vidal Marono, Miguel; Beliy, Nikita; Hammad, Gregory Habib; Aldá Júnior, Walter Luiz; Alves, Fábio Lúcio; Alves, Gilvan; Brito, Lucas; Correa Martins Junior, Marcos; Hamer, Matthias; Hensel, Carsten; Moraes, Arthur; Pol, Maria Elena; Rebello Teles, Patricia; Belchior Batista Das Chagas, Ewerton; Carvalho, Wagner; Chinellato, Jose; Custódio, Analu; Melo Da Costa, Eliza; De Jesus Damiao, Dilson; De Oliveira Martins, Carley; Fonseca De Souza, Sandro; Huertas Guativa, Lina Milena; Malbouisson, Helena; Matos Figueiredo, Diego; Mora Herrera, Clemencia; Mundim, Luiz; Nogima, Helio; Prado Da Silva, Wanda Lucia; Santoro, Alberto; Sznajder, Andre; Tonelli Manganote, Edmilson José; Vilela Pereira, Antonio; Ahuja, Sudha; Bernardes, Cesar Augusto; De Souza Santos, Angelo; Dogra, Sunil; Tomei, Thiago; De Moraes Gregores, Eduardo; Mercadante, Pedro G; Moon, Chang-Seong; Novaes, Sergio F; Padula, Sandra; Romero Abad, David; Ruiz Vargas, José Cupertino; Aleksandrov, Aleksandar; Hadjiiska, Roumyana; Iaydjiev, Plamen; Rodozov, Mircho; Stoykova, Stefka; Sultanov, Georgi; Vutova, Mariana; Dimitrov, Anton; Glushkov, Ivan; Litov, Leander; Pavlov, Borislav; Petkov, Peicho; Ahmad, Muhammad; Bian, Jian-Guo; Chen, Guo-Ming; Chen, He-Sheng; Chen, Mingshui; Cheng, Tongguang; Du, Ran; Jiang, Chun-Hua; Plestina, Roko; Romeo, Francesco; Shaheen, Sarmad Masood; Spiezia, Aniello; Tao, Junquan; Wang, Chunjie; Wang, Zheng; Zhang, Huaqiao; Asawatangtrakuldee, Chayanit; Ban, Yong; Li, Qiang; Liu, Shuai; Mao, Yajun; Qian, Si-Jin; Wang, Dayong; Xu, Zijun; Avila, Carlos; Cabrera, Andrés; Chaparro Sierra, Luisa Fernanda; Florez, Carlos; Gomez, Juan Pablo; Gomez Moreno, Bernardo; Sanabria, Juan Carlos; Godinovic, Nikola; Lelas, Damir; Puljak, Ivica; Ribeiro Cipriano, Pedro M; Antunovic, Zeljko; Kovac, Marko; Brigljevic, Vuko; Kadija, Kreso; Luetic, Jelena; Micanovic, Sasa; Sudic, Lucija; Attikis, Alexandros; Mavromanolakis, Georgios; Mousa, Jehad; Nicolaou, Charalambos; Ptochos, Fotios; Razis, Panos A; Rykaczewski, Hans; Bodlak, Martin; Finger, Miroslav; Finger Jr, Michael; Assran, Yasser; Elgammal, Sherif; Ellithi Kamel, Ali; Mahmoud, Mohammed; Calpas, Betty

    2016-09-10

    The results of a search for a supersymmetric partner of the top quark (top squark), pair-produced in proton-proton collisions at $\\sqrt{s} =$ 8 TeV, are presented. The search, which focuses on R-parity violating, chargino-mediated decays of the top squark, is performed in final states with low missing transverse momentum, two oppositely charged electrons or muons, and at least five jets. The analysis uses a data sample corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 19.7 fb$^{-1}$ collected with the CMS detector at the LHC in 2012. The data are found to be in agreement with the standard model expectation, and upper limits are placed on the top squark pair production cross section at 95% confidence level. Assuming a 100% branching fraction for the top squark decay chain, $ \\mathrm{ \\tilde{t} \\to t \\tilde{\\chi}^{\\pm}_1,\\, \\tilde{\\chi}^{\\pm}_1 \\to \\ell^\\pm+jj } $, top squark masses less than 890 (1000) GeV for the electron (muon) channel are excluded for the first time in models with a single nonzero R-parity viola...

  3. Eye malformations in Cameroonian children: a clinical survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eballé AO

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available André Omgbwa Eballé,1,2 Augustin Ellong,3 Godefroy Koki,3 Ngoune Chantal Nanfack,3 Viola Andin Dohvoma,3 Côme Ebana Mvogo2,31Yaoundé Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital, Yaoundé, Cameroon; 2Faculty of Medicine and Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of Douala, Cameroon; 3Faculty of Medicine and Biomedical Sciences, University of Yaoundé I, CameroonSummary: The aim of this work was to describe the clinical aspects of eye malformations observed at the ophthalmology unit of the Yaoundé Gynaecology, Obstetrics and Pediatrics Hospital.Patients and methods: We carried out a retrospective study of all malformations of the eye and its adnexae observed among children aged 0–5 years who were seen at the ophthalmology unit from January 2003 to December 2009.Results: Out of the 2254 children who were examined, 150 (6.65% presented eye malformations. The mean age was 14.40 ± 4 months. Eye malformations were diagnosed in 71.66% of cases during the first year of life. The most frequent malformations were congenital lacrimal duct obstruction (66.66%, congenital cataract (10.9%, congenital glaucoma (10.9%, microphthalmos (5.03%, and congenital ptosis (3.77%.Conclusion: Eye malformations among children can lead to visual impairment and are a cause for discomfort to children and parents. Therefore, systematic postnatal screening is recommended to enable early management.Keywords: malformations, ophthalmology, child, Cameroon

  4. Pb and Cd in medicinal plants (Case study: Shirazi thyme, sweet violet, pennyroyal and jujube

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Masoomeh Karimi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Medicinal plants are a major source of drugs for the majority of people in the world. Unfortunately, little data is available on the safety of medicinal plants, especially in terms of heavy metal contamination. Therefore, this study was conducted to evaluate the potential risk of Pb and Cd in Shirazi thyme, sweet violet, pennyroyal and jujube marketed in Hamedan City in 2015. Methods: After preparation of 3 samples of each medicinal plant and acid digestion of the samples according to standard methods, the concentration of elements in samples were determined using atomic absorption spectrophotometer (AAS in 3 replicates. Also, all statistical analyses were performed in the SPSS software. Results: The results showed that the maximum mean concentrations of Pb and Cd in specimens were 1420±30 and 40±30 µg/kg for thyme and viola, respectively. The results of health index for all samples were smaller than one for all samples. Also the mean concentrations of Pb and Cd in all samples were lower than WHO permissible limits. Conclusion: Controlled consumption of medicinal plants has no adverse effects on the consumers’ health. However, given the increased use of pesticides, chemical fertilizers, sewage sludge and wastewater by farmers, it is recommended that medicinal plants be regularly monitored for chemical pollutants especially heavy metals.

  5. VARIABILIDADE ESPACIAL DE PLANTAS DANINHAS NUM LATOSSOLO VERME- LHO SOB SISTEMA PLANTIO DIRETO. / SPATIAL VARIABILITY OF WEEDS OF AN RED LATOSOL (OXISOL UNDER NO- TILLAGE SYSTEM.

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    JOSILENE P. DE OLIVEIRA

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a variabilidade espacial de plantas daninhas num Latossolo Vermelho sob sistema plantio direto. As medições foram realizadas em uma área de 0,5 ha, em 50 pontos de amostragem com espaçamento de 5 m x 10 m. Os dados foram analisados por meio da estatística clássica e da geoestatística, e os mapas de variabilidade espacial construídos por meio da técnica de interpolação por krigagem. Todas as espécies de plantas daninhas presentes na área de estudo apresentaram variabilidade espacial, com exceção da corda-de-viola (Ipomoea triloba L. e crista-de-galo  (Heliotropium  indicum L., que apresentaram efeito pepita puro. Os valores de alcance (a demonstram que o espaçamento entre amostras pode ser ampliado para todas as espécies de plantas daninhas. Não foi possível determinar zonas específicas de manejo na área de estudo uma vez que as distintas espécies de plantas daninhas infestaram diferentes zonas da área de estudo.

  6. Effects of the penetration of Artemisia vulgaris L. into maize crops as a result of the use of reduced tillage

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    Hanna Gołębiowska

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, a significant increase in weed infestation of agricultural crops with Artemisia vulgaris has been observed in the south-western region of Poland. The ease of migration of this expansive species results from the fact that it does not face competition from segetal weeds and therefore poses a great threat to the ecological balance. During the period 2008–2011, a floristic study was carried out using the Braun-Blanquet method in an abandoned field adjacent to a maize monoculture grown under two tillage systems: plough and ploughless tillage. These observations allowed an evaluation of the actual risk of spread of Artemisia vulgaris depending on tillage system. The vicinity of the abandoned field had a significant effect on the penetration of Artemisia vulgaris into maize crops. Higher numbers of individuals of this species were found under ploughless tillage compared to plough tillage, regardless of the distance from the field edge, and its increased competitive effects on Viola arvensis L. and Veronica persica L. could be observed. The lowest grain yield was obtained under ploughless tillage where the strong competitive effects of Artemisia vulgaris were observed even in the plot most distant from the abandoned field adjacent to the maize crop.

  7. La territorialidad de los cuerpos en el abuso sexual infantil intrafamiliar

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    Saldarriaga Pérez, Jorge Eduardo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años se ha dado una expansión del interés investigativo, además de acciones legales, en torno al abuso sexual infantil, considerado un delito que viola los derechos humanos y una constricción al desarrollo infantil. Esta problemática atraviesa diversos escenarios sociales, especialmente la familia, pensada como nicho de protección, seguridad y formación para los niños y niñas. Por lo tanto, desde el tema y el campo del abuso sexual infantil, se pretende en esta investigación comprender las prácticas culturales que sustentan esta problemática al interior de algunas familias en la ciudad de Pereira. Además, y desde este nudo problémico, planteamos una investigación cualitativa, con un marco epistémico desde el construccionismo social, como referente conceptual en el enfoque de la seguridad humana, con claves analíticas en la teoría de la estructuración y metodológicas desde la hermenéutica doble. El objetivo de la investigación fue comprender las prácticas culturales que sustentan el abuso sexual infantil al interior de algunas familias en la Ciudad de Pereira.

  8. Physiological and Psychological Effects on High School Students of Viewing Real and Artificial Pansies

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    Miho Igarashi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available The relaxation effects of gardening have attracted attention; however, very few studies have researched its physiological effects on humans. This study aimed to clarify the physiological and psychological effects on high school students of viewing real and artificial pansies. Forty high school students (male: 19, female: 21 at Chiba Prefectural Kashiwanoha Senior High School, Japan, participated in this experiment. The subjects were presented with a visual stimulation of fresh yellow pansies (Viola x wittrockiana “Nature Clear Lemon” in a planter for 3 min. Artificial yellow pansies in a planter were used as the control. Heart rate variability was used as a physiological measurement and the modified semantic differential method was used for subjective evaluation. Compared with artificial pansies, visual stimulation with real flowers resulted in a significant decrease in the ratio of low- to high-frequency heart rate variability component, which reflects sympathetic nerve activity. In contrast, high frequency, which reflects parasympathetic nerve activity, showed no significant difference. With regard to the psychological indices, viewing real flowers resulted in “comfortable”, “relaxed”, and “natural” feelings. The findings indicate that visual stimulation with real pansies induced physiological and psychological relaxation effects in high school students.

  9. ... stella tenax... Variations on Vanités by Brice Pauset

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    Laurent Feneyrou

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Between 2000 and 2002, Brice Pauset composed Vanités, twenty-five fragments (for echo soprano, principal haute-contre, principal harpsichord, two echo harpsichords, theorbo, two violins, viola, cello, and contrabass that fall within the secular history of melancholy and its artistic representation. The work models after Leçons de ténèbres by Marc- Antoine Charpentier and refers to still lifes by Willem Kalf. In addition, it boasts a number of musical languages, concepts, and genres organized in cycles borrowed from other historical periods, including canons, choirs, and passacaglia. This article aims to study the libretto, its montage, its significance, and its related melancholic representation, as well as the metric organization of the work and its complex intercombinations – inspired by the Magic Square of Melancholia I and the name of its author, Albrecht Dürer. The result is a new rhetoric, which requires formal analysis, as well as an analysis of the expressive, symbolic, and metaphoric dimensions whose musical signs are holders.

  10. Image classification of unlabeled malaria parasites in red blood cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng Zhang; Ong, L L Sharon; Kong Fang; Matthew, Athul; Dauwels, Justin; Ming Dao; Asada, Harry

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents a method to detect unlabeled malaria parasites in red blood cells. The current "gold standard" for malaria diagnosis is microscopic examination of thick blood smear, a time consuming process requiring extensive training. Our goal is to develop an automate process to identify malaria infected red blood cells. Major issues in automated analysis of microscopy images of unstained blood smears include overlapping cells and oddly shaped cells. Our approach creates robust templates to detect infected and uninfected red cells. Histogram of Oriented Gradients (HOGs) features are extracted from templates and used to train a classifier offline. Next, the ViolaJones object detection framework is applied to detect infected and uninfected red cells and the image background. Results show our approach out-performs classification approaches with PCA features by 50% and cell detection algorithms applying Hough transforms by 24%. Majority of related work are designed to automatically detect stained parasites in blood smears where the cells are fixed. Although it is more challenging to design algorithms for unstained parasites, our methods will allow analysis of parasite progression in live cells under different drug treatments.

  11. Cyanobacteria as an Experimental Platform for Modifying Bacterial and Plant Photosynthesis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jensen, Poul Erik; Leister, Dario

    2014-01-01

    One of the fascinating characteristics of photosynthesis is its capacity for repair, self-renewal, and energy storage within chemical bonds. Given the evolutionary history of plant photosynthesis and the patchwork nature of many of its components, it is safe to assume that the light reactions of plant photosynthesis can be improved by genetic engineering (Leister, 2012). The evolutionary precursor of chloroplasts was a microorganism whose biochemistry was very similar to that of present-day cyanobacteria. Many cyanobacterial species are easy to manipulate genetically and grow robustly in liquid cultures that can be easily scaled up into photobioreactors. Therefore, cyanobacteria such as Synechocystis sp. PCC 6803 (hereafter “Synechocystis”) have widely been used for decades as model systems to study the principles of photosynthesis (Table 1). Indeed, genetic engineering based on homologous recombination is well-established in Synechocystis. Moreover, new genetic engineering toolkits, including marker-less gene deletion and replacement strategies needing only a single transformation step (Viola et al., 2014) and novel approaches for chromosomal integration and expression of synthetic gene operons (Bentley et al., 2014), allow for large-scale replacement and/or integration of dozens of genes in reasonable time frames. This makes Synechocystis a very attractive basis for the experimental modification of important processes like photosynthesis, and it also suggests innovative ways of improving modules of related eukaryotic pathways, among them the combination of cyanobacterial and eukaryotic elements using the tools of synthetic biology.

  12. Simultaneous EEG and EMG biofeedback for peak performance in musicians.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Markovska-Simoska, Silvana; Pop-Jordanova, Nada; Georgiev, Dejan

    2008-07-01

    The aim of this study was to determine the effects of alpha neurofeedback and EMG biofeedback protocols for improvement of musical performance in violinists. The sample consisted of 12 music students (10 violinists and 2 viola players) from the Faculty of Music, Skopje (3 males, mean age of 20 +/- 0 and 9 females, mean age = 20.89 +/- 2.98). Six of them had a low alpha peak frequency (APF) ( 10 Hz). The sample was randomized in two groups. The students from the experimental group participated in 20 sessions of biofeedback (alpha/EMG), combined with music practice, while the students from the control group did only music practice. Average absolute power, interhemispheric coherence in the alpha band, alpha peak frequency (APF), individual alpha band width (IABW), amount of alpha suppression (AAS) and surface forehead integrated EMG power (IEMG), as well as a score on musical performance and inventories measuring anxiety, were assessed. Alpha-EEG/EMG-biofeedback was associated with a significant increase in average alpha power, APF and IABW in all the participants and with decreases in IEMG only in high-APF musicians. The biofeedback training success was positively correlated with the alpha power, IcoH, APF, IABW and baseline level of APF and IABW. Alpha-EEG/EMG biofeedback is capable of increasing voluntary self-regulation and the quality of musical performance. The efficiency of biofeedback training depends on the baseline EEG alpha activity status, in particular the APF.

  13. OS CONFLITOS ENTRE ISRAELENSES E PALESTINOS: IMPLICAÇÕES NOS DIREITOS HUMANOS, NA PROTEÇÃO DO INDIVÍDUO E NA SEGURANÇA DO ORIENTE MÉDIO / THE CONFLICT BETWEEN ISRAELI AND PALESTINIAN: IMPLICATIONS ON HUMAN RIGHTS, ON INDIVIDUAL’S PROTECTION AND ON THE SAF

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    Wiliander França Salomão

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available O Oriente Médio representa o berço das primeiras manifestações monoteístas da civilização humana e palco de inúmeros conflitos regionais e internacionais desde antes do nascimento de Cristo. Logo após a criação do Estado de Israel, inúmeros outros conflitos com os países vizinhos árabes assolaram a Palestina, causando violações aos direitos humanos dos indivíduos naquela situação. A destruição e a devastação na região colocam em risco a segurança regional e internacional, dificultando os entendimentos entre árabes e judeus. A criação de um sistema de segurança regional depende dos esforços conjuntos entre os dois povos para que cooperação e segurança sejam possíveis. A sociedade internacional foca em inúmeras tentativas de soluções pacíficas para pôr fim aos conflitos e instaurar um processo de paz duradoura e eficiente para a região. Palavras-chave: Direitos Humanos. Oriente Médio. Conflitos internacionais.

  14. A robust vision-based method for staircase detection and localization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maohai, Li; Han, Wang; Lining, Sun; Zesu, Cai

    2014-05-01

    A robust vision-based staircase identification method is proposed, which comprises 2D staircase detection and 3D staircase localization. The 2D detector pre-screens the input image, and the 3D localization algorithm continues the task of retrieving geometry of the staircase on the reported region in the image. A novel set of principal component analysis-based Haar-like features are introduced, which extends the classical Haar-like features from local to global domain and are extremely efficient at rejecting non-object regions for the early stages of the cascade, and the Viola-Jones rapid object detection framework is improved to adapt the context of staircase detection, modifications have been made on the scanning scheme, multiple detections integrating scheme and the final detection evaluation metrics. The V-disparity concept is applied to detect the planar regions on the staircase surface and locate 3D planes quickly from disparity maps, and then, the 3D position of staircase is localized robustly. Finally, experiments show the performance of the proposed method.

  15. A cell-based high-throughput protocol to screen entry inhibitors of highly pathogenic viruses with Traditional Chinese Medicines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Yong; Cheng, Han; Yan, Hui; Wang, Peng-Zhan; Rong, Rong; Zhang, Ying-Ying; Zhang, Cheng-Bo; Du, Rui-Kun; Rong, Li-Jun

    2017-05-01

    Emerging viruses such as Ebola virus (EBOV), Lassa virus (LASV), and avian influenza virus H5N1 (AIV) are global health concerns. Since there is very limited options (either vaccine or specific therapy) approved for humans against these viruses, there is an urgent need to develop prophylactic and therapeutic treatments. Previously we reported a high-throughput screening (HTS) protocol to identify entry inhibitors for three highly pathogenic viruses (EBOV, LASV, and AIV) using a human immunodeficiency virus-based pseudotyping platform which allows us to perform the screening in a BSL-2 facility. In this report, we have adopted this screening protocol to evaluate traditional Chinese Medicines (TCMs) in an effort to discover entry inhibitors against these viruses. Here we show that extracts of the following Chinese medicinal herbs exhibit potent anti-Ebola viral activities: Gardenia jasminoides Ellis, Citrus aurantium L., Viola yedoensis Makino, Prunella vulgaris L., Coix lacryma-jobi L. var. mayuen (Roman.) Stapf, Pinellia ternata (Thunb.) Breit., and Morus alba L. This study represents a proof-of-principle investigation supporting the suitability of this assay for rapid screening TCMs and identifying putative entry inhibitors for these viruses. J. Med. Virol. 89:908-916, 2017. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. © 2016 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  16. On the leading edge vortex of thin wings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arredondo, Abel; Viola, Ignazio Maria

    2016-11-01

    On thin wings, the sharp leading edge triggers laminar separation followed by reattachment, forming a Leading Edge Vortex (LEV). This flow feature is of paramount importance because, if periodically shed, it leads to large amplitude load fluctuations, while if stably attached to the wing, it can provide lift augmentation. We found that on asymmetric-spinnaker-type yacht sails, the LEV can be stable despite the relatively low sweep (30°). This finding, which was recently predicted numerically by Viola et al., has been confirmed through current flume tests on a 1:115th model scale sail. Forces were measured and Particle Image Velocimetry was performed on four horizontal sail sections at a Reynolds number of 1.7x104. Vortex detection revealed that the LEV becomes progressively larger and more stable towards the highest sections, where its axis has a smaller angle with respect to the freestream velocity. Mapping the sail section on a rotating cylinder through a Joukowski transformation, we quantified the lift augmentation provided by the LEV on each sail section. These results open up new sail design strategies based on the manipulation of the LEV and can be applicable to the wings of unmanned aerial vehicles and underwater vehicles. Project funded by Conacyt.

  17. Experiências de abortos provocados em clínicas privadas no Nordeste brasileiro

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    Paloma Silveira

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Baseado numa investigação qualitativa desenvolvida em 2012, o artigo analisa experiências de abortos provocados de pessoas de estratos sociais médios realizados em clínicas privadas. Foram narradas 34 histórias de gravidezes interrompidas em clínicas por 19 mulheres e cinco homens, residentes em duas capitais do Nordeste brasileiro. Uma análise temática revela que existem diferentes tipos de clínicas e de atendimento prestados pelos médicos. O artigo mostra que a realização de um aborto em uma clínica privada não é garantia de um atendimento humanizado e seguro. As narrativas fornecem descrições de diversas situações e práticas, desde aquelas com algumas falhas, como a falta de informações sobre os medicamentos, até outras com abusos graves, como procedimentos realizados sem anestesia. Assim, conclui-se que a ilegalidade da prática do aborto, no Brasil, permite que as clínicas funcionem sem qualquer tipo de regulação do Estado, não impedindo que as mulheres realizem abortos, mas as expondo a situações de total vulnerabilidade e de violação dos direitos humanos.

  18. Experiências de abortos provocados em clínicas privadas no Nordeste brasileiro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paloma Silveira

    Full Text Available Resumo Baseado numa investigação qualitativa desenvolvida em 2012, o artigo analisa experiências de abortos provocados de pessoas de estratos sociais médios realizados em clínicas privadas. Foram narradas 34 histórias de gravidezes interrompidas em clínicas por 19 mulheres e cinco homens, residentes em duas capitais do Nordeste brasileiro. Uma análise temática revela que existem diferentes tipos de clínicas e de atendimento prestados pelos médicos. O artigo mostra que a realização de um aborto em uma clínica privada não é garantia de um atendimento humanizado e seguro. As narrativas fornecem descrições de diversas situações e práticas, desde aquelas com algumas falhas, como a falta de informações sobre os medicamentos, até outras com abusos graves, como procedimentos realizados sem anestesia. Assim, conclui-se que a ilegalidade da prática do aborto, no Brasil, permite que as clínicas funcionem sem qualquer tipo de regulação do Estado, não impedindo que as mulheres realizem abortos, mas as expondo a situações de total vulnerabilidade e de violação dos direitos humanos.

  19. Review of potential environmental impacts of transgenic glyphosate-resistant soybean in Brazil.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerdeira, Antonio L; Gazziero, Dionsio L P; Duke, Stephen O; Matallo, Marcus B; Spadotto, Claudio A

    2007-01-01

    Transgenic glyphosate-resistant soybeans (GRS) have been commercialized and grown extensively in the Western Hemisphere, including Brazil. Worldwide, several studies have shown that previous and potential effects of glyphosate on contamination of soil, water, and air are minimal, compared to those caused by the herbicides that they replace when GRS are adopted. In the USA and Argentina, the advent of glyphosate-resistant soybeans resulted in a significant shift to reduced- and no-tillage practices, thereby significantly reducing environmental degradation by agriculture. Similar shifts in tillage practiced with GRS might be expected in Brazil. Transgenes encoding glyphosate resistance in soybeans are highly unlikely to be a risk to wild plant species in Brazil. Soybean is almost completely self-pollinated and is a non-native species in Brazil, without wild relatives, making introgression of transgenes from GRS virtually impossible. Probably the highest agricultural risk in adopting GRS in Brazil is related to weed resistance. Weed species in GRS fields have shifted in Brazil to those that can more successfully withstand glyphosate or to those that avoid the time of its application. These include Chamaesyce hirta (erva-de-Santa-Luzia), Commelina benghalensis (trapoeraba), Spermacoce latifolia (erva-quente), Richardia brasiliensis (poaia-branca), and Ipomoea spp. (corda-de-viola). Four weed species, Conyza bonariensis, Conyza Canadensis (buva), Lolium multiflorum (azevem), and Euphorbia heterophylla (amendoim bravo), have evolved resistance to glyphosate in GRS in Brazil and have great potential to become problems.

  20. A Casa da Morte de Petrópolis: A importância da (reconstrução de uma memória além da “Cidade Imperial” para a consolidação democrática

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    Diego Grossi

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available A Casa da Morte de Petrópolis foi um dos centros clandestinos da ditadura militar brasileira. A descoberta desse “aparelho” foi possibilitada em função dos relatos de Inês Etienne Romeu, a única sobrevivente dentre as pessoas vitimadas na casa. Com os trabalhos inaugurados pela Comissão Nacional da Verdade, outras informações começaram a aparecer, oriundas principalmente de testemunhos de ex-militares envolvidos com o regime ditatorial, o que colocou o assunto em pauta na sociedade. O período republicano da cidade palco dessa história (inclusive a época da ditadura é ainda ignorado pela historiografia “oficial” local, prevalecendo a supervalorização dos tempos do Império, pelos quais o município é conhecido internacionalmente como “Cidade Imperial”. Resgatar a história da Casa da Morte é compreender parte do passado velado de uma cidade e consolidar na memória local e nacional os acontecimentos ali ocorridos, tendo em vista a não repetição de práticas típicas do regime militar, que institucionalizou a violação dos direitos humanos ao longo de duas décadas.

  1. Aksak Patterns and Entrained Interaction in Transylvanian Village Music

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    Martin Clayton

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this response to Filippo Bonini Baraldi, Emmanuel Bigand and Thierry Pozzo’s article ‘Measuring aksak rhythm and synchronization in Transylvanian village music by using motion capture’, I present supplementary analyses of (a the ratio between Short and Long beats, and (b the entrainment between the two musicians in the motion capture recordings. The main findings reported are: the mean S:L ratio is close to 1:√2, although there is some evidence for the role of 2:3 as an attractor ratio; the distribution of S:L ratios and other measures vary depending on whether the period is taken as S+L or L+S; and the S:L ratio varies with tempo. Since the viola part is much less variable than the violin part, the former should be taken as a reference; the violinist tends to play ahead of the beat articulated by the violist, significantly so except for the Short beat in one recording (Duo 14, in which the musicians exhibit a form of soft entrainment, alternating between small and large phase differences.

  2. A legalidade da intervanção preventiva e a Carta das Nações Unidas The Legality of Preventive Intervention under the UN Charter

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    Ana Flávia Granja e Barros Platiau

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available No presente trabalho o objetivo é analisar a legalidade da intervenção preventiva perante a Carta das Nações Unidas. Pretende-se avaliar a questão sob o aspecto jurídico. Ao fazê-lo, serão apresentados casos que ilustram os argumentos favoráveis e contrários ao uso preventivo da força. Será analisada também a questão da responsabilidade de proteger como possibilidade do uso preventivo da força em situações de violações graves dos direitos humanos.This paper aims to analyze the lawfullness of preventive intervention under the United Nations Charter. The objective is to assess a legal perspective. In doing so, case-studies will be presented to illustrate the arguments in favor of and against the preventive use of force. In addition, the 'responsability to protect' will be analized as a possibility of the preventive use of force in situations of serious violation of human rights.

  3. A emergência da responsabilidade criminal individual no Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos

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    Raquel da Cruz Lima

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo analisa a emergência e difusão da regra da responsabilidade criminal individual por violações de direitos humanos a partir da jurisprudência contenciosa da Corte Interamericana de Direitos Humanos. Tendo como referência as pesquisas de Kathryn Sikkink sobre justiça de transição, procura-se identificar a maneira como o Sistema Interamericano de Direitos Humanos vem expandindo o sentido da responsabilidade criminal individual e também sugerir a incompatibilidade com a proteção dos direitos humanos que esse novo modelo pode ter.This paper analyzes the emergence and diffusion of the norm of individual criminal accountability for human rights violations from the perspective of the contentious jurisprudence of the Inter-American Human Rights Court. Taking as reference the research of Kathryn Sikkink on transitional justice, this paper seeks to identify how the Inter-American Human Rights System has been expanding the meaning of individual criminal accountability and also suggests the incompatibility with the protection of human rights that this new model may have.

  4. Vegetation of the ‘Mierzwice’ nature reserve and its protection

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    Krechowski Janusz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The ‘Mierzwice’ nature reserve (forest district 206b, c and d of the Sarnaki Forest Inspectorate, situated in the area of the Podlaski Przełom Bug Landscape Park, is one of the most valuable natural assets of the central Bug river valley. The 12.98 ha reserve was established in 2010 to aid protection of the stand of xerothermic vegetation and its surrounding deciduous forest. In total, eight plant associations were identified within the reserve: Geranio-Peucedanetum cervariae, Geranio-Anemonetum sylvestris, Geranio-Trifolietum alpestris, Trifolio medii-Agrimonietum, Rubo fruticosi-Prunetum, Rhamno-Cornetum sanguinei, Potentillo albae-Quercetum and Tilio cordatae-Carpinetum betuli. Furthermore, 23 protected and 31 endangered species were found in the reserve including the following examples: Cephalanthera rubra, Thesium ebracteatum, Cypripedium calceolus, Gentiana cruciata, Anemone sylvestris, Cimicifuga europaea, Viola rupestris, Crepis praemorsa, Asperula tinctoria, Stachys recta, Laserpitium latifolium. Over the last few years, a regression of the species diagnostic number for thermophilous oak forests and xerothermic grasslands has been observed as a result of succession and expansion of Calamagrostis epigejos. Active protection of xerothermic vegetation such as uprooting of trees and bushes, regular grazing or mowing has been suggested in order to prevent the expansion of Calamagrostis epigejos.

  5. Molecular investigations of the soil, rhizosphere and transgenic glufosinate-resistant rape and maize plants in combination with herbicide (Basta) application under field conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernst, Dieter; Rosenbrock-Krestel, Hilkea; Kirchhof, Gudrun; Bieber, Evi; Giunaschwili, Nathela; Müller, Rüdiger; Fischbeck, Gerhard; Wagner, Tobias; Sandermann, Heinrich; Hartmann, Anton

    2008-01-01

    A field study was conducted during 1994 to 1998 on the Experimental Farm Roggenstein, near Fürstenfeldbruck, Bavaria, Germany to determine the effect of transgenic glufosinate-resistant rape in combination with the herbicide Basta [glufosinate-ammonium, phosphinothricin, ammonium (2RS)-2-amino-4-(methylphosphinato) butyric acid] application on soil microorganisms and the behaviour of the synthetic transgenic DNA in response to normal agricultural practice. No influence of Basta on microbial biomass could be detected. The phospholipid fatty acid analysis of soil extracts showed no difference between Basta application and mechanical weed control, whereas conventional herbicide application revealed a different pattern. Basta application resulted in a changed population of weeds with a selective effect for Viola arvensis. During senescence, transgenic rape DNA was degraded similar to endogenous control DNA. After ploughing the chopped plant material in the soil, transgenic as well as endogenous control DNA sequences could be detected for up to 4 weeks for rape and up to 7 months for maize, whereas PCR analysis of composted transgenic maize revealed the presence of the transgene over a period of 22 months.

  6. PREFACE: The 3rd ISESCO International Workshop and Conference On Nanotechnology 2012 (IWCN2012)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Umar, Akrajas Ali; Yahaya, Muhammad; Mat Salleh, Muhamad

    2013-04-01

    unwavering support dedicated by all the referees. Their tireless work has helped guarantee the high scientific level of this series. Many thanks are also addressed to the ISESCO, COMSATS, MASS, UKM and FST for their financial support. Logistics support provided by IMEN and MNA is also much appreciated. We realized that this volume would never have materialized without the hard work of Ms Siti Khatijah Md Saad who helped the editorial secretariat in many ways communicating with the authors and reviewers and checking and typesetting the papers in the final stage. Finally, great appreciation is addressed to all who have worked hard and given support ensuring that the conference was a success. Editors Associate Professor Dr Akrajas Ali Umar Professor Dr Muhamad Mat Salleh Professor Dato' Dr Muhammad Yahaya IWCN 2012 Organizing Committee International Advisory Board Professor Dato' Dr Muhammad Yahaya (UKM, Malaysia) Dr Faiq Bilal (ISESCO, Morocco) Professor Dr Michael Graetzel (Switzerland) Professor Dr Muhamad Rasat (Malaysia) Prof Dr Masbah R T Siregar (Indonesia) Associate Professor Dr Munetaka Oyama (Japan) Professor Dr Ismat Shah (USA) Professor Dr Muhamad Mat Salleh (Malaysia) Chairman Associate Professor Dr Mohammad Kassim Co-Chairman Dr Mohammad Hafizuddin Haji Jumali Secretary Dr Lorna Jeffry Minggu Treasurer Dr Sharina Abu Hanifah Committee Members Associate Professor Dr Mohd Azmi Abd Hamid Associate Professor Dr Akrajas Ali Umar Dr Zahari Ibarahim Dr Rozidawati Awang Dr Farah Hannan Anuar Secretariat Dr Khuzaimah Mohd Firdauz Ismail Izura Izzuddin Nor Huwaida Janil Jamil Siti Khatijah Md Saad Noor Razinah Rahmat Mark Lee Wun Fui Ng Kim Hang Lee Thian Khoon Law Kung Pui Choong Yan Yi

  7. Day-night differences in the composition and sources of carbonaceous aerosol at a polluted regional background site in the Netherlands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dusek, Ulrike; Broekema, Elise; Holzinger, Rupert; Röckmann, Thomas; Meijer, Harro

    2017-04-01

    the summer, when biomass combustion is a small source, its relative contribution increases between 19:00 and 07:00. However, the diurnal changes in source contributions are relatively moderate (e.g., the biomass burning contribution to TC increased from 31% to 43% for the winter sample with the most distinct day-night difference.) This highlights the importance of long-range transport as a source of the carbonaceous aerosol in this region. First results from chemical composition measurements on four of the samples show that the concentration of less refractory organic carbon (desorption temperature up to 200 °C) increases at night-time much more strongly than the concentration of the more refractory carbon. Similarly, the concentration of small organic compounds with m/z chemical composition will be studied in more detail, focusing on diurnal changes in O/C ratios, individual compounds and compound classes, such as hydrocarbons or organic acids. Dusek, U., Meusinger, C., Oyama, B., Ramon, W., de Wilde, P., Holzinger, R., and Röckmann, T.: A thermal desorption system for measuring δ 13 C ratios on organic aerosol, Journal of aerosol science, 66, 72-82, 2013. Holzinger, R., Williams, J., Herrmann, F., Lelieveld, J., Donahue, N., Röckmann, T., 2010. Aerosol analysis using a Thermal-Desorption Proton-Transfer-Reaction Mass Spectrometer (TD-PTR-MS): a new approach to study processing of organic aerosols. Atmospheric chemistry and physics 10, 2257-2267.

  8. EU MENINA NEGRA – REFLEXÕES PÓS-SIMPÓSIO SER NEGRA

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    Zora Yonara Torres Costa

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Este ensaio é o resultado do trabalho apresentado no Seminário Sernegra, em 2013, que foi organizado pelo Instituto Federal de Brasília – IFB. Propõe refletir se é possível uma pessoa negra viver, diante do racismo no modelo de sociedade vigente. Sendo assim, a abordagem teórico-metodológica utilizada neste trabalho foi catalogar casos de racismo e fazer uma reflexão acerca da violação de direitos das pessoas negras. Destaca-se que as ações afirmativas da Universidade de Brasília – UNB registraram dados que demonstram a importância das cotas raciais, pois nos últimos quatro anos, cerca de 41% dos novos alunos e alunas que ingressaram na UNB são negros e negras. Existe também uma pesquisa realizada em 2010 pela Rede de Informação Tecnológica Latino-Americana – RITLA, com quase dez mil estudantes de escolas públicas do Distrito Federal, que demonstrou que infelizmente o racismo impera e é naturalizado no espaço da escola. Cerca de 55,7% dos alunos admitiram ter assistido a situações de discriminação racial dentro do colégio. O presente trabalho também propõe refletir sobre as violações de direitos, como racismo, as implicações em relação à exploração sexual e trabalho infantil, e estabelecer um debate da atuação dos IF’s nesta desconstrução do racismo por meio da educação.Palavras-Chave: Criança Negra; Racismo; Identidade; Violência. Abstract:This essay is the result of the work presented at the Being Black Seminar in 2013, which was organized by the Federal Institute of Brasilia - IFB. It proposes to reflect whether it is possible for a black person to live with the racism of the current social model. Thus, the theoretical-methodological approach used in this work was cataloging the racism cases and making a reflection about the violation of the black people’s rights. It is noteworthy that affirmative actions at the University of Brasilia - UNB reported data that demonstrate the

  9. Lampedusa e o paradoxo da dignidade humana: Observações sobre o Acórdão "Khlaifia e outros contra Itália" do Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos do Homem

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    Alexandre Guerreiro

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Numa decisão recente, o Tribunal Europeu dos Direitos do Homem pronunciou-se sobre a detenção de três cidadãos tunisinos num centro de recepção situado em Lampedusa, após terem sido interceptados pelas autoridades italianas quando atravessavam o Mar Mediterrâneo. Este acórdão coloca em relevo a questão da discussão em torno de uma eventual violação do direito à liberdade consagrado no artigo 5.º da CEDH e a violação do princípio da proibição de tratamentos desumanos, previsto no artigo 3.º do mesmo instrumento. Com efeito, assinala-se a importância do acórdão em apreço dado que se assiste à manifestação do direito cosmopolita desde que os beneficiários se encontrem em território onde vigoram instrumentos e princípios de Direitos Internacional Humanitário enquanto factores que concorrem para uma maximização da protecção dos direitos humanos. Todavia, assiste-se a um paradoxo que coloca problemas de difícil resolução: por um lado, a responsabilização por falta de meios humanos, sanitários e de acolhimento digno de pessoas por parte de Estados que se tornam alvos de danos colaterais provocados por situações de crises humanitárias; por outro, o desafio com que se deparam de garantir que um cenário de crise humanitária não atenta contra a dignidade da pessoa humana de pessoas que se encontram em situação natural de fragilidade. | "Lampedusa and the paradox of human dignity: commentary to the judgment delivered by the European Court of Human Rights in the case of Khlaifa and Others v. Italy". In a recent judgment, the European Court of Human Rights has decided on the detention of three Tunisian citizens in a reception centre on Lampedusa after being intercepted by the Italian authorities after they left Tunisia by sea, in September 2011.Among other aspects, this decision highlights the debate around the alleged violation of both the right to liberty enshrined in article 5 of the ECHR and the

  10. Diagnóstico situacional da violência contra crianças e adolescentes com deficiência em três instituições do Rio de Janeiro Situational diagnostic about violence against children and adolescents with disability in three institutions of Rio de Janeiro

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    Fátima Gonçalves Cavalcante

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Apresentamos um diagnóstico situacional a respeito da violência contra crianças e adolescentes com deficiência, desenvolvido em três instituições de referência no Rio de Janeiro, da esfera federal, municipal e do terceiro setor, a partir de 53 estudos de caso. Partimos de uma revisão teórica sobre violência na área da deficiência e demonstramos como esse tema é embrionário no Brasil e América Latina. A relevância do estudo está na demonstração da diversidade e riqueza de formas atuais de assistência à pessoa com deficiência. É feita uma análise de como as instituições estão sendo desafiadas a enfrentar a violência e a violação de direitos e a desenvolver estratégias de proteção. Não apenas a violência, mas a pobreza também se coloca como problema para essas organizações. Concluímos que quando as deficiências estão associadas a formas de violência e à violação de direitos, as instituições têm desenvolvido estratégias de amparo social e apoio em rede para melhorar a qualidade de vida de seus usuários. O principal desafio está em se buscar reverter desvantagens cumulativas, ampliar capacidades e assegurar cuidado e proteção às crianças, adolescentes e jovens com deficiência e suas famílias.We present a situational diagnostic about violence against children and adolescent with disability, which were done in three referenced institutions in Rio de Janeiro, from federal and municipal level and from the third sector, based in 53 case studies. This article considered a recent theoretical study of violence in the disability field and it demonstrates that this subject is embryonic in Brazil and Latin American. The relevance of this study is in the description we did of the diversity and richness of the recent forms of assistance in the disability field. It was analyzed how these institutions are being challenged to face violence and rights violation and to build protection strategies. Not only

  11. Mistura em tanque de boro e herbicidas em semeadura convencional de girassol Tank-mix of boron and herbicides on conventional sunflower sowing

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    C. Castro

    2002-04-01

    Full Text Available Os objetivos deste experimento foi avaliar a resposta do girassol às aplicações de boro (B, isoladas ou em mistura com herbicidas, e o controle de plantas daninhas por meio de experimento conduzido na Embrapa Soja, Londrina-PR. Os tratamentos foram acetochlor (1,92 kg i.a. ha-1, oxyfluorfen (0,36 kg i.a. ha-1, sulfentrazone (0,35 kg i.a.ha-1, trifluralin (1,80 kg i.a. ha-1 e as testemunhas capinada e sem capina. Todos os tratamentos foram aplicados, isoladamente ou em mistura, com 2 kg ha-1 de B (Na2B4O7.10H2 0 - bórax e H3BO3 - ácido bórico. O tratamento mais eficiente foi acetochlor mais ácido bórico; essa combinação resultou em solução mais homogênea da calda de pulverização, quando comparada com os herbicidas mais bórax. O herbicida acetochlor aplicado isoladamente ou em mistura com as duas fontes de B foi eficiente no controle da trapoeraba (Commelina benghalensis, do picão-preto (Bidens pilosa e da corda-de-viola (Ipomoea grandifolia. Os herbicidas oxyfluorfen e sulfentrazone, aplicados isoladamente ou em misturas com as duas fontes de B, foram eficientes no controle do amendoim-bravo (Euphorbia heterophylla e da corda-de-viola, respectivamente. É viável a aplicação de boro juntamente com os herbicidas testados nesta pesquisa em mistura em tanque, evitando a deficiência desse micronutriente e controlando as plantas daninhas na cultura do girassol.The objectives of this study were to determine the response of sunflower to application of boron (B fertilizer and herbicides, alone or in combination, and to determine its weed control. A field experiment was carried out at Embrapa Soja, Londrina, Parana, Brazil. The treatments were acetochlor (1.92 kg a.i. ha-1, oxyfluorfen (0.36 kg a.i. ha-1, sulfentrazone (0.35 kg a.i. ha-1, trifluralin (1.80 kg a.i. ha-1 and two controls (with and without hoeing. All treatments were applied alone or in combination with 2 kg ha-1 of B (Na2B4O7.10H2 0 - borax and H3BO3 - boric acid

  12. Heroe, Egregio, para contrabaixo e cravo: aspectos didáticos e interpretativos em uma transcrição de uma cantata do repertório colonial brasileiro Heroe, Egregio for double and harpsichord: interpretive and pedagogical aspects in a transcription of a cantata from the Brazilian colonial repertory

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    Fausto Borém

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available O ainda restrito acesso a partituras e concertos do vasto repertório musical brasileiro dos séculos XVIII e XIX e sua instrumentação estereotipada (quase sempre obras vocais religiosas com acompanhamento orquestral são obstáculos para sua inclusão nos currículos dos cursos de música no país e sua apreciação por um público mais amplo. Uma alternativa para mudar este quadro é a transcrição de obras desse repertório e adaptação de sua instrumentação para grupos de câmara menores, com exclusão até mesmo da voz na sua instrumentação. Essas transcrições podem proporcionar, de maneira mais eficaz, o contato e a experimentação com as assim-chamadas práticas de performance historicamente informadas (Historically Informed Performance ou HIP, seja a partir da adaptação de referências (auditivas e textuais já consolidadas na interpretação do repertório europeu, seja a partir da análise de elementos históricos, formais e possíveis figuras de retórica. No presente trabalho, estas questões são abordadas no Recitativo e Aria da cantata acadêmica Heroe, egregio, douto, peregrino (anônimo, Salvador, 1759 para soprano, dois violinos e baixo contínuo, transcrita para um instrumento de cordas orquestral solista (violino, viola, violoncelo ou contrabaixo e cravo.The still limited access to scores and concerts of the vast Brazilian music repertoire from the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries and its stereotyped instrumentation (almost always sacred vocal music with orchestral accompaniment are obstacles for the inclusion of this repertory in the country's instrumental music curricula and its appreciation by a wider audience. An alternative for this situation is the transcription of works and change of their instrumentation to fit smaller chamber formations, including those without singing. Moreover, these transcriptions could also allow the contact and experimentation with the so-called Historically Informed Performance

  13. Histology, histochemistry and SEM are useful tools to study regeneration processes in plant tissue culture

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    Piotr Żabicki

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tissue cultures in vitroare used for the multiplication of plants via direct and indirect (via callus regeneration. This approach is commonly applied in the protection of endangered species by the introduction of regenerated in vitro plantlets to botanical gardens and to the nature (so called ex situ plant conservation. In vitroconditions, especially the supplementation of tissue culture media with plant growth regulators, cause a somaclonal variation, resulting in genetic differences among regenerated plants. To analyze callus structure, including cell shapes and sizes, cell differentiation (e.g. the presence of xylem vessels and regeneration processes (organogenesis, somatic embryogenesis, the histological, histochemical and SEM techniques are applied. In this study, to obtain regeneration of plants in culture conditions, we have used three Viola species (V. epipsilaLedeb., V. stagnina Kit. and V. uliginosaBesser, indicated to be critically endangered according to Polish Red Book of Plants (Kazmierczakowa & Zarzycki 2001 and two genotypes of a model plant Arabidopsis thaliana(L. Heynh. (Columbia-0 and an insertional cdkg ;2mutant line. An Arabidopsis homozygous cdkg ;2 knock-out originated from a T 3 generation of T-DNA insertional line SALK_090262 (Alonso et al. 2003 and has been selected from a subsequent T 4 generation based on PCR analysis using primers complementary to flanking positions of full-length cDNA of CDKG;2gene product (a clone isolated by Seki et al. 2002. The aims of the study were: 1 to select the most convenient method to obtain regenerated Violaplants with maternal genotype i.e., via direct organogenesis or somatic embryogenesis; 2 to determine the effect of mutation in CDKG;2 gene on the explant response to in vitroconditions, including callus proliferation and regeneration. In three Viola species organogenesis was induced on MS (Murashige and Skoog basal medium supplied with thidiazuron (TDZ in concentrations 0.5 mg

  14. Improving accuracy in shallow-landslide susceptibility analyses at regional scale

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iovine, Giulio G. R.; Rago, Valeria; Frustaci, Francesco; Bruno, Claudia; Giordano, Stefania; Muto, Francesco; Gariano, Stefano L.; Pellegrino, Annamaria D.; Conforti, Massimo; Pascale, Stefania; Distilo, Daniela; Basile, Vincenzo; Soleri, Sergio; Terranova, Oreste G.

    2015-04-01

    Calabria (southern Italy) is particularly exposed to geo-hydrological risk. In the last decades, slope instabilities, mainly related to rainfall-induced landslides, repeatedly affected its territory. Among these, shallow landslides, characterized by abrupt onset and extremely rapid movements, are among the most destructive and dangerous phenomena for people and infrastructures. In this study, a susceptibility analysis to shallow landslides has been performed by refining a method recently applied in Costa Viola - central Calabria (Iovine et al., 2014), and only focusing on landslide source activations (regardless of their possible evolution as debris flows). A multivariate approach has been applied to estimating the presence/absence of sources, based on linear statistical relationships with a set of causal variables. The different classes of numeric causal variables have been determined by means of a data clustering method, designed to determine the best arrangement. A multi-temporal inventory map of sources, mainly obtained from interpretation of air photographs taken in 1954-1955, and in 2000, has been adopted to selecting the training and the validation sets. Due to the wide extend of the territory, the analysis has been iteratively performed by a step-by-step decreasing cell-size approach, by adopting greater spatial resolutions and thematic details (e.g. lithology, land-use, soil, morphometry, rainfall) for high-susceptible sectors. Through a sensitivity analysis, the weight of the considered factors in predisposing shallow landslides has been evaluated. The best set of variables has been identified by iteratively including one variable at a time, and comparing the results in terms of performance. Furthermore, susceptibility evaluations obtained through logistic regression have been compared to those obtained by applying neural networks. Obtained results may be useful to improve land utilization planning, and to select proper mitigation measures in shallow

  15. Derechos humanos constituyentes, luchas sociales y cotidianas e historización

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    David Sánchez Rubio

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Los derechos humanos tienen en su reclamación a uno de sus componentes más importantes. Se puede exigir un derecho negado pero ya reconocido por el ordenamiento jurídico de un estado constitucional de derecho o reivindicar un derecho nuevo que no está recogido por el sistema normativo de los estados-nacionales que incorporan internamente a los sistemas internacionales. Las causas de que se reclamen derechos residen en algún tipo de agravio, afrenta o perjuicio ocasionado a un ser humano particular o a un grupo o colectivo de seres humanos. Ese daño puede ser individual y puntual, producido por un acto concreto y determinado, o puede ser provocado por una relación desigual de poder más estabilizada, es decir, por una estructura o un sistema de dominación que genera la discriminación, la opresión, la exclusión y/o la muerte de quienes lo sufren. Por esta razón, para Ignacio Ellacuría la mejor forma y el método más adecuado para percibir un derecho humano real y dinámico es el de negar aquella condición de esclavitud, debilidad y opresión que viola una dimensión vital y existencia de los seres humanos que se traduce y significa en términos de dignidad, de libertad o de derechos, ya que este estado o condición negadora es la que ofrece un dato temático primario que sirve de fuente no solo de análisis, sino, principalmente, para poder ha-cer justicia enfrentándola y, de modo dialéctico, anulándola, mediante su superación crítica y transformadora.

  16. Efficacy of Violet oil, a traditional Iranian formula, in patients with chronic insomnia: A randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feyzabadi, Zohre; Rezaeitalab, Fariborz; Badiee, Shapour; Taghipour, Ali; Moharari, Fatemeh; Soltanifar, Atefeh; Ahmadpour, Mohammad Reza

    2018-03-25

    Violet oil is an ancient herbal drug which has been extensively used to treat insomnia in traditional Iranian Medicine clinics. Violet oil is an almond or sesame oil-based extract of Viola odorata, which is administered as nasal drops. This study aimed to evaluate the efficacy of Violet oil in the treatment of insomnia. This study was conducted as a 3-arm double-blind randomized trial. A total of 75 patients with chronic insomnia were enrolled and randomly assigned to three groups in Traditional Iranian Medicine Clinic of Mashhad University of Medical Sciences, Mashhad, Iran. The treatment consisted of intranasal dropping of Violet oil, Almond oil or placebo (1% solution of Carboxymethyl cellulose) in each nostril every night before sleep for 30 days, i.e. three drops of the drug (including either Violet oil or Almond oil) or the placebo was used every night before the sleep. All the patients were asked to complete Pittsburgh Sleep Quality Index (PSQI) and Insomnia Severity Index (ISI) questionnaires before and after the intervention. There were no significant differences between patients in the three groups before the intervention (P > 0.05). However, there were significant differences between the three groups after the intervention in ISI scores (Poil (Poil (Poil had the most effect among the three groups. In addition, it was more effective on sleep quality than sleep quantity. Considering the effects of natural nasal drug on the improvement of sleep quality in insomniac patients, this study has proposed the use of Violet oil as a natural and herbal drug in a non-oral method without serious side effects for treatment of insomnia. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  17. Jóvenes en los intersticios de la precariedad, exclusión y violencia

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    Ana Berónica Palacios Gámaz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo plantea un análisis sobre el contexto en que se sitúan los jóvenes de Latinoamérica y el Caribe, y en particular de México, caracterizado por la marginalidad y la violencia multidimensional aguda; estructuras de desigualdad donde se constituye el espacio vital de los jóvenes, su experiencia biográfica, y que condicionan, en gran manera, el ejercicio de su ciudadanía, sus posibilidades de acceder y constituir alternativas de vida dignas, justas y seguras. Esta región se inserta en procesos de globalización con implicaciones que se expresan en la vulneración de la seguridad económica y armonía del tejido social de amplios grupos poblacionales, que trastocan y se interrelacionan con la inequitativa distribución de la riqueza, la marginación, el empobrecimiento, las rupturas familiares, el incremento de la delincuencia, el desempleo, la falta de acceso a la educación, a servicios de salud, de recreación, a vivienda digna, privatización de los servicios, etc., y, por lo general, el diseño e implementación de proyectos para mejorar la calidad de vida, no considera la participación de la población joven. La espiral de violencia en la cual se ven envueltos los jóvenes de la región amenaza los derechos humanos fundamentales de igualdad, libertad y justicia, el vivir con dignidad y en el caso de la violencia extrema viola el derecho humano fundamental: el derecho a la vida.

  18. Crucifixos em repartições públicas: do exame de constitucionalidade de uma prática administrativa baseada na tradição

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    Leonardo Martins

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo: A constitucionalidade da presença de crucifixos nas repartições públicas brasileiras ainda não foi adequadamente avaliada pela literatura jurídica e pelos tribunais. Partindo-se de uma análise da situação concreta e das decisões pertinentes, buscou-se encontrar o fundamento normativo de tal prática e da argumentação jurídica usada pelos órgãos estatais que avaliaram o caso e chancelaram a prática com fulcro meramente consuetudinário. Fez-se a análise em abstrato das normas constitucionais pertinentes da Constituição Federal (CF para, então, proceder-se à análise da constitucionalidade da determinação administrativa da presença de crucifixos. Trata-se, em suma, de se responder, fundamentadamente, se e em que medida se está diante de uma intervenção estatal no direito fundamental à liberdade de crença, e se tal intervenção restaria justificada constitucionalmente, caso em que o art. 5°, VI, da Constituição Federal não teria sido violado. Conclui-se pela ausência de uma justificação constitucional e consequente verificação da violação do direito fundamental decorrente do mesmo art. 5°, VI. Palavras-chave: Constituição Federal. Direitos fundamentais. Liberdade de crença. Crucifixos.

  19. Ecological profiles of wetland plant species in the northern Apennines (N. Italy

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    Marcello TOMASELLI

    2003-02-01

    less acidic habitats than in the Alps, probably due to the absence of ombrotrophic mires, and Viola palustris occurs mostly in neutro- basiphytic habitats. Some hypotheses to explain the ecological behaviour of this last species were proposed.

  20. Predictions on the modes of decay of odd Z superheavy isotopes within the range 105 ≤ Z ≤ 135

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, K. P.; Nithya, C.

    2018-05-01

    The decay modes of 1051 odd Z superheavy nuclei within the range 105 ≤ Z ≤ 135, and their daughter nuclei are studied by comparing the alpha decay half-lives with the spontaneous fission half-lives. The alpha decay half-lives are calculated using the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN) proposed by Santhosh et al. (2011) and the spontaneous fission half-lives are obtained with the shell-effect dependent formula of Santhosh et al. (Santhosh and Nithya, 2016). For a theoretical comparison, the alpha decay half-lives are also computed with the Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM), Viola-Seaborg-Sobiczewski semi-empirical relation (VSS), Universal curve of Poenaru et al. (UNIV), the analytical formula of Royer, and the Universal decay law of Qi et al. (UDL). The predicted decay modes and half-lives were compared with the available experimental results. The proton and neutron separation energies are calculated to identify those nuclei, which decay through proton and neutron emission. From the entire study of odd Z superheavy elements, it is seen that among 1051 nuclei, 233 nuclei exhibit proton emission and 18 nuclei exhibit neutron emission. 56 nuclei are stable against alpha decay with negative Q value for the decay. 92 nuclei show alpha decay followed by spontaneous fission and 9 nuclei show alpha decay followed by proton emission. 39 nuclei decay through full alpha chain and 595 nuclei decay through spontaneous fission. We hope that the study will be very useful for the future experimental investigations in this field.

  1. Weed infestation of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. under the conditions of application of some retardants

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    Elżbieta Harasim

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available A field study was conducted in the period 2004–2007 on grey-brown podzolic soil (sandy. This study analysed the relationship between the use of stem shortening in cereals by means of retardants with the following active substances: chlormequat chloride (Antywylegacz Płynny 675 SL, trinexapac-ethyl (Moddus 250 EC, chlormequat chloride + ethephon (Cecefon 465 SL, and weed infestation. The retardants were applied at the 1st node stage (BBCH 31 – Antywylegacz Płynny 675 SL and the 2nd node stage of winter wheat (BBCH 32 – Moddus 250 EC and Cecefon 465 SL, together with the adjuvant Atpolan 80 EC (75% of SN 200 mineral oil or without the adjuvant. Winter wheat, cv. 'Muza', was grown after vetch grown for seed. The whole experiment was sprayed with the herbicides Apyros 75 WG and Starane 250 EC at the full tillering stage (BBCH 29–30. Plots where no growth regulators were used were the control treatment. Weed density and biomass showed great variation between years. In the winter wheat crop, Veronica persica, Viola arvensis, Veronica arvensis, Capsella bursa-pastoris,and Chenopodium album dominated in the dicotyledonous class, whereas Apera spica-venti, Echinochloa crus-galli,and Elymus repens were predominant among monocotyledonous plants. The level of weed infestation of the winter wheat crop, as measured by the number and air-dry weight of weeds, was significantly differentiated by years and retardants used as well as by interactions of these factors. The adjuvant Atpolan 80 EC did not have a significant effect on the above-mentioned weed infestation parameters. .

  2. The subject, it is here! The varying structural positions of preverbal subjects O Sujeito, ele está aqui! A posição variável dos sujeitos preverbais

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    Acrisio Pires

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper analyzes preverbal overt subjects, comparing Brazilian Portuguese to (other null-subject languages, especially within Romance. It explores syntactic and semantic properties, including resumption, ellipsis, quantifiers and scope, variable binding, ordering restrictions, pronominal distinctions, minimality violations, bare nouns and definiteness. It concludes that preverbal subjects in Brazilian Portuguese can be realized both in argumental positions (Specifier of the Inflectional or Tense Phrase and non-argumental positions (Topic Phrase specifiers, with the possibility that both types of positions are filled by the subject in the same clause, incorporating properties that have been argued not to be found together in other languages.Esse artigo analiza sujeitos preverbais manifestos, comparando o português do Brasil com (outras línguas de sujeitos nulos. O artigo investiga propriedades sintáticas e semânticas, incluindo pronomes resumptivos, elipse, quantificadores e escopo, ligação de variáveis, restrições de ordem, distinções pronominais, violações de minimalidade, nomes sem determinantes, e definitude. Concluo que esses sujeitos preverbais podem realizar-se tanto em posição argumental (especificador do sintagma flexional ou temporal quanto em posições não-argumentais (posições de tópico, com a possibilidade de os dois tipos de posições serem preenchidos pelo sujeito na mesma oração, incorporando propriedades que são tidas como não ocorrendo juntas em outras línguas.

  3. Predictions on the modes of decay of even Z superheavy isotopes within the range 104 ≤ Z ≤ 136

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, K. P.; Nithya, C.

    2018-01-01

    The decay modes and half lives of all the even Z isotopes of superheavy elements within the range 104 ≤ Z ≤ 136 have been predicted by comparing the alpha decay half-lives with the spontaneous fission half-lives. The Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN) and the shell-effect-dependent formula of Santhosh et al. are used to calculate the alpha half-lives and spontaneous fission half-lives respectively. For theoretical comparison the alpha decay half-lives are also calculated using Coulomb and proximity potential model (CPPM), the Viola-Seaborg-Sobiczewski semi-empirical (VSS) relation, the universal (UNIV) curve of Poenaru et al., the analytical formula of Royer and the universal decay law (UDL) of Qi et al. Another tool used for the evaluation of spontaneous fission half-lives is the semi-empirical formula of Xu et al. The nuclei with alpha decay half-lives less than spontaneous fission half-lives will survive fission and hence decay through alpha emission. The predicted half lives and decay modes are compared with the available experimental results. The one-proton and two-proton separation energies of all the isotopes are calculated to find nuclei which lie beyond the proton drip line. Among 1119 even Z nuclei within the range 104 ≤ Z ≤ 136, 164 nuclei show sequential alpha emission followed by subsequent spontaneous fission. Since the isotopes decay through alpha decay chain and the half-lives are in measurable range, these isotopes are predicted to be synthesized and detected in laboratory via alpha decay. 2 nuclei will decay by alpha decay followed by proton emission, 54 nuclei show full alpha chains, 642 nuclei will decay through spontaneous fission, 166 nuclei exhibit proton decay and 91 isotopes are found to be stable against alpha decay. All the isotopes are tabulated according to their decay modes. The study is intended to enhance further experimental investigations in superheavy region.

  4. α -decay chains of the superheavy nuclei Rg-350255

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santhosh, K. P.; Nithya, C.

    2017-05-01

    The decay modes and half-lives of 96 isotopes of the superheavy element roentgenium (Rg) within the range of 255 ≤A ≤350 come under investigation in the present paper. The isotopes which lie beyond the proton drip line are identified by calculating the one-proton and two-proton separation energies. The α -decay half-lives are calculated using the Coulomb and proximity potential model for deformed nuclei (CPPMDN). For a theoretical comparison the α half-lives are also evaluated using the Viola-Seaborg semiempirical relation, the universal curve of Poenaru et al., the analytical formula of Royer, and the universal decay law of Qi et al. Spontaneous fission half-lives are computed with the shell-effect-dependent formula of Santhosh and Nithya and the semiempirical formula of Xu et al. The decay modes are predicted by comparing the α -decay half-lives within the CPPMDN with the corresponding spontaneous fission half-lives computed by the shell-effect-dependent formula of Santhosh and Nithya. In our paper it is seen that the isotopes 255-271,273Rg lie beyond the proton drip line and hence decay through proton emission. The isotopes 272,274-277Rg exhibit long α chains. Three α chains are predicted from the isotopes Rg-282278. The isotopes Rg-345283 decay through spontaneous fission. The isotopes Rg-350346 are found to be stable against α decay. The theoretical results are compared with the available experimental results and are seen to be matching well. We hope that our predictions will be useful in future experimental investigations.

  5. India's homosexual discrimination and health consequences Discriminação a homossexuais na Índia e conseqüências à saúde

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    Govindasamy Agoramoorthy

    2007-08-01

    Full Text Available A large number of countries worldwide have legalized homosexual rights. But for 147 years, since when India was a British colony, Section 377 of the Indian Penal Code defines homosexuality as a crime, punishable by imprisonment. This outdated law violates the fundamental rights of homosexuals in India. Despite the fact that literature drawn from Hindu, Buddhist, Muslim, and modern fiction testify to the presence of same-sex love in various forms, homosexuality is still considered a taboo subject in India, by both the society and the government. In the present article, the continuation of the outdated colonial-era homosexuality law and its impact on the underprivileged homosexual society in India is discussed, as well as consequences to this group's health in relation to HIV infection.Muitos países têm legalizado os direitos homossexuais. Mas há 147 anos, desde quando a Índia ainda era colônia britânica, a Seção 377 do Código Penal indiano define a homossexualidade como crime passível de prisão. Esta lei antiga viola os direitos fundamentais de homossexuais na Índia. Embora as literaturas hindu, budista, muçulmana, e a ficção moderna confirmem a presença de sentimento de amor entre pessoas do mesmo sexo, a homossexualidade ainda é considerada um tabu na Índia, tanto pela sociedade como pelo governo. No presente artigo, discute-se a continuidade dessa lei da época colonial sobre homossexualidade e seu impacto na sociedade indiana desfavorecida, bem como as conseqüências para a saúde desse grupo quanto à infecção pelo HIV.

  6. Homofobia na Escola: Problematizando Gênero e Sexualidade entre estudantes do Ensino Médio

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    Luan Layzon Souza Silva

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Para além do ensino e aprendizagem a escola deve ser cultivadora de socialização, proporcionando espaços seguros para que aconteçam encontros, desencontros, contatos, comunicações e diversidades. Longe dessa realidade a escola compõe uma rede de mecanismos sociais de formação de sujeitos ideais e como instituição apresenta-se como lugar restritivo que na maioria das vezes não cumpre com seu papel de ser cultivador da diversidade pelo cumprimento de suas normas e regras socialmente construídas, colocando á margem todos aqueles que não se enquadram em seus ideais. O presente trabalho objetivou problematizar gênero e sexualidade dentro do contexto escolar com foco nas questões de homofobia, apresentando-se como pesquisa de abordagem qualitativa e natureza exploratória, se configurando em uma pesquisa-intervenção. Oficinas foram realizadas em uma escola de ensino médio da cidade de Juazeiro do Norte-Ceará, com estudantes da devida instituição, sendo tematizado os conceitos fundamentais da pesquisa e os dados obtidos no devido trabalho foram organizados em categorias onde se trabalhou esses devidos conceitos, as experiências de gênero e sexualidade dentro da escola e a homofobia, construindo-se análise de conteúdo. Como resultados conclui-se que as vivências de gênero e sexualidade na escola estão pautadas em medo, sofrimento e violação de direitos, onde não existe espaço para se discutir  temas como esses e vivenciá-los.

  7. Flooding Mitigation of seawalls and river embankments to storm surges in the coastal areas of Guangdong Province, China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Xianwei; Wang, Xina

    2017-04-01

    The coastal areas of Guangdong Province, China are susceptible to the destructions of tropical cyclones and storm surges. The projected global warming, coastal subsidence and sea level rise together will bring about greater flooding risk to these areas. The seawall and river embankment have played a significant role in mitigating and preventing the coastal low-land areas from the impairment of storm surges flooding and wave runup. However, few risk assessment studies in this region consider the existence of seawall and river embankment and often overestimate the risk and potential economic loss and population affected due to storm surge flooding. This study utilizes a hydraulic model to simulate the overtop flooding and compare those without seawall and river embankment using several specific tropic storm events and extreme events of tropic storm surges in different return periods of 2, 10, 20, 50, 100, 200 and 500 years. Most seawalls are 4 or 5 meters plus another meter of wave levee above the local mean sea level. The river embankments are usually 4 or 5 meter higher than the local mean sea level as well and decrease from the outer estuary to the inner riverine. The modeling results considering seawall and river embankments and from real storm surges are in agreement with on-site survey and observations, while those without infusing seawall and river embankments overestimate the inundation condition and economic loss. Modeling results demonstrate that seawall and river embankment greatly reduce the flooding risk and prevent the low-land area from inundation for most tropic storm events, e.g., for extreme events less than 20 to 50 years, in the coastal areas of Guangdong Province, China. However, the seawall and river embankment may also cause catastrophic disasters once there is an engineering failure of seawalls and river embankment, especially once encountering with an extreme typhoon event, e.g., the 1969 super typhoon Viola in Shantou China and the 2005

  8. Níveis de resíduos de praguicidas organoclorados em produtos cárneos sob inspeção federal Levels of organochlorine pesticide residue in meat products inspected by the federal government

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    João Pessoa de Paula Carvalho

    1980-09-01

    Full Text Available Com objetivo de evidenciar a freqüência e os níveis de resíduos de praguiddas organoclorados, foram analisadas 445 unidades amostrais de matéria prima (gordura bovina provenientes de carcaças de bovinos de frigoríficos e 132 unidades amostrais de carne bovina já processada (enlatados, tais como "corned beef" e "roast beef". Apresentaram-se com resíduos de praguicidas acima dos limites de tolerância estipulados, 77 unidades amostrais de gordura bovina e 5 de produto processado. Resíduos de praguiddas, sem contudo ultrapassar os limites de tolerância, foram identificados em, praticamente, todas as amostras, sendo que 27% das unidades amostrais de gordura bovina e 10,6% de produto processado apresentaram resíduos de praguicidas em violação aos limites estabelecidos na legislação. Heptacloro, BHC e Dieldrin foram os praguiddas mais freqüentes e Lindane e DDT os menos evidenciados.To bring attention to the frequency and the levels of organochlorine pesticide residue in meat, 445 samples of raw material (bovine fat from bovine carcasses collected from meat packing plants and 132 samples of preserved meat (canned, such as corned or roast beef were analyzed. Seventy-seven samples of bovine fat and 8 of preserved meat were discovered to have pesticide residue above the maximum acceptable limits. Pesticide residue was found in practically all the samples without, however, exceeding the acceptable limits. Twenty-seven percent of the bovine fat samples and 10.6% of the preserved meat contained residue above the legal tolerance levels. Heptachlor, BHC, and Dieldrin were the most frequent; Lindane and DDT, the least.

  9. MEMÓRIA, GÊNERO E REPRESSÃO POLÍTICA NO CONE SUL (1984-1991MEMORY, GENDER AND POLITICAL REPRESSION IN THE SOUTHERN CONE (1984-1991

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    Mariana Joffily

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Esse  artigo analisa, sob uma perspectiva de gênero, os informes de violações aos  Direitos Humanos conhecidos como Nunca  más, redigidos no momento de transição das ditaduras militares para a  democracia na Argentina (1984, no Brasil (1985, no Uruguai (1989 e no Chile  (1991. Os Nunca más, a despeito da  diferença das condições em que foram elaborados, permaneceram em seus  respectivos países como marcos interpretativos do passado ditatorial, uma  “memória emblemática”, extensamente documentada e assentada sobre uma  preocupação de veracidade. A análise dos desses informes é efetuada tendo como  foco as possíveis diferenciações de gênero da repressão política. Palavras-Chave: Ditadura militar. Gênero. Repressão política.  Tortura. Cone Sul. Abstract This  article examines, from a gender perspective, the reports on human rights  violations, known as Nunca Más,  written at the time of transition from military dictatorship to democracy in  Argentina (1984, Brazil (1985, Uruguay (1989 and  Chile (1991. The Nunca más, despite the different conditions in which they have been  developed, remained in their respective countries as interpretative frameworks  of the past dictatorship, an "iconic memory", extensively documented  and settled on a concern for accuracy. The analysis of those reports is made  focusing on possible gender differences of political repression. Keywords: Military  dictatorship.  Political repression. Torture. Southern Cone.

  10. A INCLUSÃO SOCIAL DAS PESSOAS COM DEFICIÊNCIA, SOB O VIÉS DA PROTEÇÃO UNIVERSAL DOS DIREITOS HUMANOS

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    Telma Rostelato

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available O artigo aborda a problemática vivenciada pelas pessoascom de ciência, para poderem ser incluídas na sociedade,apesar da existência do grandioso rol de direitos contempladosàquela categoria de pessoas, tornando-se, não raras vezes,inócuos, face à impossibilidade de efetivação dos mesmos. Parafrisar a responsabilidade do Estado brasileiro, demonstra que omesmo consta como um dos países signatários de instrumentosinternacionais, tais como a Convenção Internacional dos Direitos daPessoa com De ciência, comprometendo-se formalmente, em zelarpelo rechaçamento de tratamento preconceituoso e discriminatórioàs pessoas com de ciência. Estabelece como contraponto do estudo,a di culdade para a efetivação dos direitos humanos, esclarecendoseque o reconhecimento do respeito aos direitos das pessoas comde ciência, mediante elevação à seara dos Direitos Humanos, aindanão se tornou su ciente, para afastar as freqüentes afrontas aosdireitos fundamentais desta categoria de pessoas, fator para o qualdeve-se chamar a atenção dos familiares, da sociedade e do Estadobrasileiro, na pessoa de seus governantes, a m de adotar medidasurgentes, modi cadoras deste panorama, antes que se implementemirreversíveis violações à dignidade humana destas pessoas, denotandoverdadeiros desastres a registrarem-se negativamente na história dosdireitos humanos.

  11. A regularização do território quilombola de Retiro: os desafios para o atingimento do mínimo existencial

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    Gilsilene Passon Picoretti Francischetto

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Observamos, hoje, que a escravidão deixou rastros marcantes no contexto social brasileiro. Tal assertiva se verifica, entre outros fatores, pela existência de diversas comunidades remanescentes de quilombo no Brasil e no Estado do Espírito Santo, que lutam por sua identidade e pelo direito de permanecer nas terras que vêm ocupando há décadas. Dessa forma, a presente pesquisa tem por escopo avaliar as dificuldades encontradas pela comunidade de Retiro, localizada no distrito da Barra de Mangaraí, municipio de Santa Leopoldina - ES, na efetivação dos direitos fundamentais, especialmente no tocante ao direito de propriedade e ao mínimo existencial, com atenção especial aos direitos fundamentais à saúde, educação, moradia, lazer. No caso específico da comunidade de Retiro, constatamos que o direito à propriedade foi garantido pelo Estado, haja visto o processo de regularização das terras da referida comunidade estar finalizado, inclusive, tendo sido editado o decreto presidencial. Entretanto, a situação em que se encontram os moradores denuncia a negligência do Estado à violação ao núcleo de direitos fundamentais, de modo que propomos alterações legislativas a fim de facilitar a proteção a tais direitos à população remanescente de quilombolas.

  12. Memórias coletivas de mulheres que vivenciaram o near miss materno: necessidades de saúde e direitos humanos

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    Cláudia de Azevedo Aguiar

    Full Text Available Resumo: Mulheres que vivenciaram o near miss materno podem, por meio de suas memórias coletivas, ajudar na compreensão dos eventos obstétricos graves, como a morte materna. A experiência das pessoas é autêntica e representativa do todo com a construção de uma identidade comum. É a identidade que dá qualidade à memória de um grupo. Assim, cada memória é um fenômeno social. Analisou-se a experiência de 12 mulheres que quase morreram em função do estado gravídico-puerperal. O método da história oral temática foi utilizado, na perspectiva das necessidades de saúde e direitos humanos. Seis memórias coletivas compuseram os discursos: necessidades de saúde não atendidas; deficiências assistenciais; privação do contato com o filho; violação de direitos; ausência de reivindicação dos direitos; e compensações dos direitos e necessidades não atendidos. Compreender as necessidades de saúde dessas mulheres é reconhecê-las como sujeitos de direitos; é individualizar a assistência, respeitando sua autonomia, garantindo o acesso às tecnologias e estabelecendo vínculo (aefetivo com o profissional de saúde

  13. A Pace of Our Own? Becoming Through Speeds and Slows – Investigating Living Through Temporal Ontologies of The University

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    Malou Juelskjær

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available This article is concerned with new feminist materialism’s transformatory ethical potential with regards to the (fast neoliberal university. It is also shaped and inspired by Karen Barad’s question: ’How can I be responsible for that which I love?’ (Barad 2016. The text thus investigates possibilities of thinking through new materialist theorising and concepts for examining conditions of the im/possibilities of living live-able academic lives in current political climates. As a response to those conditions a cry for slowing down has surfaced and manifestos for slow scholarship, reading, pedagogy, professors have emerged. The fast-slow dualism seems to be of pivotal importance in the ongoing criticism of neoliberal universities. The authors share concerns expressed by ‘slow professors’, but at the same time they argue that slow movement in the academia reestablish a problematic dualistic approach. In the text criticism of binary conceptualisations is offered by arriving at ethical considerations (instead of tactical. The article is inspired by Donna Haraway’s plea to ‘stay with the trouble’ (2016 to uncover the complex temporalities of the present and – possibly – its subversive potential. Furthermore, while staying in this troublesome moment, the authors investigate temporal ontologies through the works of Gilles Deleuze and Félix Guattari (2007 [1980], Henri Lefebvre (2004 and Barad (2012 – as well as the temporalities implied in the ‘slow science movement’. Finally, the video art by Bill Viola is considered as a way of accessing problematics of shifting between ‘fast’ and ‘slow’.

  14. Ethno-botanical studies from northern Pakistan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Afzal, S.; Afzal, N.

    2009-01-01

    In this research paper efforts have been made to document the ethno-botanical knowledge of important plant species found in Northern Pakistan. It includes Thandiani, Galiat, Kaghan, Swat, Buner, Dir, Chitral and Northern Areas of Pakistan. The area has many climatic and vegetation zones or biomes. Locals residing in mountainous areas belonging to various ethnic groups are traditionally utilizing plants over many generations; these ethnic groups have their distinct life style, belief, traditions and cultural heritage. Plant collection and data regarding traditional uses in various areas of Northern Pakistan has been done periodically in different flowering /fruiting seasons. Locals of old age belonging to various ethnic groups were personally interviewed for establishing uses of plants. Photography is done for easy identification and habitat recognition. Collected plant specimens and seeds were preserved. Plant species were dried, mounted, identified and authenticated. Seventy six species were known to have traditional and ethno botanical uses. Plants have been utilized for many generations. Ethnic groups have distinct life style and have different economic uses for these plants. Due to unsustainable exploitation of natural habitats scarcity of drug plants has occurred. As consequence some species are depleting and may become extinct in near future, e. g. Morchella esculenta, Colchicum lueteum and Viola serpens are just a few of these. Although some sporadic information is available about the flora of this region but very little documented record of the ethno-botanically important plants has been established. It is expected that this research paper will be beneficial for students, researchers, farmers, foresters and general public. On the basis of data obtained it is concluded that ethno-botanical Flora of Northern Pakistan is quite rich and is diverse, due to the difference in altitude, climate and other topographic conditions. (author)

  15. Strings on a Violin: Location Dependence of Frequency Tuning in Active Dendrites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Das, Anindita; Rathour, Rahul K; Narayanan, Rishikesh

    2017-01-01

    Strings on a violin are tuned to generate distinct sound frequencies in a manner that is firmly dependent on finger location along the fingerboard. Sound frequencies emerging from different violins could be very different based on their architecture, the nature of strings and their tuning. Analogously, active neuronal dendrites, dendrites endowed with active channel conductances, are tuned to distinct input frequencies in a manner that is dependent on the dendritic location of the synaptic inputs. Further, disparate channel expression profiles and differences in morphological characteristics could result in dendrites on different neurons of the same subtype tuned to distinct frequency ranges. Alternately, similar location-dependence along dendritic structures could be achieved through disparate combinations of channel profiles and morphological characteristics, leading to degeneracy in active dendritic spectral tuning. Akin to strings on a violin being tuned to different frequencies than those on a viola or a cello, different neuronal subtypes exhibit distinct channel profiles and disparate morphological characteristics endowing each neuronal subtype with unique location-dependent frequency selectivity. Finally, similar to the tunability of musical instruments to elicit distinct location-dependent sounds, neuronal frequency selectivity and its location-dependence are tunable through activity-dependent plasticity of ion channels and morphology. In this morceau, we explore the origins of neuronal frequency selectivity, and survey the literature on the mechanisms behind the emergence of location-dependence in distinct forms of frequency tuning. As a coda to this composition, we present some future directions for this exciting convergence of biophysical mechanisms that endow a neuron with frequency multiplexing capabilities.

  16. A sociedade civil e os conflitos na construção dos megaeventos esportivos no Brasil

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    Silvia Cristina Franco Amaral

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do artigo foi analisar a atuação e articulação da sociedade civil na resistência contra a remoção forçada das comunidades em localidades próximas às construções de equipamentos para os megaeventos esportivos. Tratou-se de uma pesquisa descritivo-interpretativa realizada em duas etapas: na primeira, coletaram-se dados nos jornais Folha de S. Paulo e O Estado de S. Paulo (Estadão; e, na segunda, no Portal Popular da Copa e das Olimpíadas. Constatou-se que o processo de remoção forçada de comunidades tem ocorrido em diversas cidades sedes dos megaeventos esportivos, atingindo as camadas sociais menos favorecida da população. A sociedade civil tem se organizado pela Articulação Nacional dos Comitês Populares da Copa (Ancop, que reúne as ações dos comitês populares de cada cidade sede, utilizando diferentes formas de ação na luta contra a violação dos direitos. Os repertórios centrais são ocupações de prédios públicos, práticas de protestos, criação de dossiês, abaixo-assinados e postagens de vídeos em redes sociais.

  17. Estudo da desigualdade na utilização de serviços de saúde por idosos em três regiões da cidade do Rio de Janeiro

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    Pinheiro Rejane Sobrino

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Neste trabalho, foi analisada a desigualdade social na utilização de serviços de saúde e a influência que a área de residência exerce nessas desigualdades. Com informações baseadas em um questionário multidimensional aplicado a uma amostra de idosos da cidade do Rio de Janeiro, foi estudada a associação do uso de serviços de saúde com fatores sócio-demográficos, condição social, necessidade e oferta de serviços médicos. O desenho amostral complexo levou a violações de pressupostos do modelo de regressão logística, que foram tratadas na fase de análise dos dados, com base no cálculo do efeito do desenho. O fator mais importante na explicação da variação no uso de serviços de saúde por idosos foi necessidade. Porém, ser do sexo feminino, renda, área de moradia e ter direito de usar serviço privado também mostraram efeito positivo no consumo de serviços de saúde. O modelo apontou ainda para a existência de interação entre área de residência e renda. A área de alto padrão de vida, representada neste estudo por Copacabana, não apresentou desigualdades internas no uso de serviços de saúde, sendo o efeito da renda mais importante em locais classificados em níveis de padrão de vida médio e menor (Méier e Santa Cruz, respectivamente.

  18. Fundamentos históricos e teóricos da noção de soberania: a contribuição dos "Papas juristas" do século XIII

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    Raquel Kritsch

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste artigo é discutir a contribuição do pensamento eclesiástico medieval tardio para a formação do conceito de soberania. Como o Estado moderno, tal conceito tem uma gênese demorada: é parte de um processo de transformação jurídica e política, do qual resulta um novo mapeamento do poder e das lealdades na Europa. A conformação desse novo sistema de poder tem como contrapartida a constituição de uma nova ordem jurídica. Essa ordem redefine os vínculos de comando e obediência, constituindo unida des políticas como áreas de jurisdição exclusiva e estabelecendo, entre essas unidades, relações de igualdade: nenhuma se reconhece como subordinada a outra. Todas essas questões podem ser entendidas como disputas de jurisdição. Trata-se de saber quem julga e quem pune delitos civis ou violações de normas religiosas. Os poderes de legislar, de mudar a lei, de resolver como últi ma instância e de controlar o uso da violência constituem o que os autores modernos nomearam soberania. Apontar a contribuição dos chamados Papas juristas do século XIII para a formulação de alguns elementos centrais a esta definição é a tarefa a ser leva da a cabo neste estudo.

  19. Steep Decline and Cessation in Seed Dispersal by Myrmica rubra Ants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bologna, Audrey; Detrain, Claire

    2015-01-01

    Myrmecochorous diaspores bear a nutrient-rich appendage, the elaiosome, attractive to ant workers that retrieve them into the nest, detach the elaiosome and reject the seed intact. While this interaction is beneficial for the plant partner by ensuring its seed dispersal, elaiosome consumption has various effects -positive, negative or none - on ants' demography and survival, depending on both the ant/plant species involved. In this context, the contribution of ants to seed dispersal strongly varies according to the ant/plant pairs considered. In this paper, we investigate whether the dynamics of myrmecochory also vary on a temporal scale, for a given pair of partners: Myrmica rubra ants and Viola odorata seeds. During their first encounter with seeds, ants collect all the diaspores and eat the majority of elaiosomes. Both the harvesting effort and the elaiosome consumption decline when seeds are offered on the next week and completely cease for the following weeks. This is related to a decrease in the number of foragers reaching the food source, as well as to a reduced probability for an ant contacting a seed to retrieve it. Seed retrieval is not reactivated after seven weeks without any encounter with V. odorata seeds. By contrast, naive ant colonies only fed with fruit flies do not show a decline of prey harvesting of which the speed of retrieval even increases over the successive weeks. Myrmecochory may thus be labile at the scale of a fruiting season due to the ability of ants to steeply tune and cease for several months the harvesting of these seemingly poorly rewarding items and to maintain cessation of seed exploitation. The present study emphasizes the importance of a long-lasting follow up of the myrmecochory process, to assess the stability of this ant-plant partnership and to identify mechanisms of adaptive harvesting in ants.

  20. Steep Decline and Cessation in Seed Dispersal by Myrmica rubra Ants.

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    Audrey Bologna

    Full Text Available Myrmecochorous diaspores bear a nutrient-rich appendage, the elaiosome, attractive to ant workers that retrieve them into the nest, detach the elaiosome and reject the seed intact. While this interaction is beneficial for the plant partner by ensuring its seed dispersal, elaiosome consumption has various effects -positive, negative or none - on ants' demography and survival, depending on both the ant/plant species involved. In this context, the contribution of ants to seed dispersal strongly varies according to the ant/plant pairs considered. In this paper, we investigate whether the dynamics of myrmecochory also vary on a temporal scale, for a given pair of partners: Myrmica rubra ants and Viola odorata seeds. During their first encounter with seeds, ants collect all the diaspores and eat the majority of elaiosomes. Both the harvesting effort and the elaiosome consumption decline when seeds are offered on the next week and completely cease for the following weeks. This is related to a decrease in the number of foragers reaching the food source, as well as to a reduced probability for an ant contacting a seed to retrieve it. Seed retrieval is not reactivated after seven weeks without any encounter with V. odorata seeds. By contrast, naive ant colonies only fed with fruit flies do not show a decline of prey harvesting of which the speed of retrieval even increases over the successive weeks. Myrmecochory may thus be labile at the scale of a fruiting season due to the ability of ants to steeply tune and cease for several months the harvesting of these seemingly poorly rewarding items and to maintain cessation of seed exploitation. The present study emphasizes the importance of a long-lasting follow up of the myrmecochory process, to assess the stability of this ant-plant partnership and to identify mechanisms of adaptive harvesting in ants.