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Sample records for nigeria aspectos contratuais

  1. Contractual, fiscal and economics features - case study for deep water E and P projects: Brazil, Angola and Nigeria; Aspectos contratuais, fiscais e economicos - um estudo de caso para E e P em aguas profundas: Brasil, Angola e Nigeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gutman, Jose; Leite, Getulio da Silveira [Agencia Nacional do Petroleo, Gas Natural e Biocombustiveis (ANP), Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Superintendencia de Controle das Participacoes Governamentais

    2004-07-01

    The paper presents, in a broad view, the main fiscal instruments available to governments in order to design their fiscal systems applicable to E and P projects, as well as the main contract models currently in use amid the oil and gas industry. After this overview, the fiscal regime studies take place for those selected countries that nowadays compete for investments in deep water activities and, besides, have similar geological features. Afterwards, an economic analysis is developed taking into concern a 250 MMbbl field and a water depth of 1.100 m, in which will be observed the behavior of the main economic variables, such as the cash flow, the net present value and the government take. (author)

  2. Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gage, Susan

    This document presents information on Nigeria for use in the elementary classroom. A basic theme of the text is change. Nigeria is currently in a state of change, as are most developing countries. North American children often have an idea of African people as poor and backward. In this text, Nigerian people are presented as a people with a rich…

  3. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    Relationships between fruits and seeds sizes; seed germination and early seedling growth of seedlings of 25 plant species were studied at the University of Agriculture, Umudike, Nigeria. The destruction of Nigeria rainforest without an assured method of naturally regenerating it, has contributed to some edible plant species ...

  4. Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    6] 73, Port Harcourt Nigeria. ABSTRACT. Objective: This study was undertaken to establish the sero-epidemology of Hepatitis C Virus (HCV) antibodies among blood donors in Port Harcourt. Nigeria. Methods: One Thousand Five Hundred consecutive blood donors presenting to the blood transfusion unit of the. University of ...

  5. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    Received 10, July 2008; ... G. O. Obochi, Department of Chemistry/ Biochemistry, Cross River University of Technology, Calabar, Cross River State-. Nigeria. N. O. Alobi ... collected into EDTA sterilized test tubes, and centrifuged at 2000 Х g for 10 min.

  6. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    The proximate and mineral composition of okro and ogbono soups prepared with two different Nigeria traditional .... Tomatoes. -. 337. -. -. -. Note: *Yoruba people of S/W use stew with okro hence the recipe for stew. The little quantity of ogbono in the okro soup (S/S) was to enhance the .... Energy and protein requirements.

  7. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    Geoelectric study of the groundwater potential of Ilara-Mokin in Ondo State Southwestern Nigeria was carried out using electrical resistivity (Vertical Electrical Sounding) method with the view to providing adequate information on the different sub-surface geoelectric layers, structural configuration of the concealed basement ...

  8. Dinâmica dos ajustes contratuais em concessão de rodovias no estado de São Paulo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adriana Bortolon Carvalho Cardoso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available A redefinição dos limites do Estado iniciada na década de 1990 no Brasil passou a incentivar ações de contracting-out nos diversos níveis da federação, expondo autoridades e especialistas à necessidade de discutir a dinâmica da regulação desses contratos que são intrinsecamente incompletos, dadas contingências não antecipáveis quando da negociação das condições e oferta. A concessão de rodovias em São Paulo foi estudada por meio de uma análise comparada das notificações e ajustes contratuais em 12 concessões de rodovias vigentes em 2006. Os dados triangulados com entrevistas realizadas na autoridade reguladora, a Agência Reguladora de Serviços Públicos Delegados de Transporte do Estado de São Paulo (Artesp, indicam que as renegociações encontradas não alteraram os termos gerais do contrato, mas sim o cronograma de obras e eventuais acréscimos de obras não previstas no programa original, preservando o equilíbrio financeiro inicial do contrato.

  9. CLÁUSULAS CONTRATUAIS ABUSIVAS PREVISTAS NOS CONTRATOS DE ALIENAÇÃO FIDUCIÁRIA: UMA ANÁLISE JURISPRUDENCIAL E DOUTRINTÁRIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Júlio César Matias Lobo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available O presente opúsculo abordará as cláusulas mais questionadas no âmbito doutrinário e jurisprudencial previstas nas cédulas de crédito bancário, quais sejam: montante da taxa mensal de juros remuneratórios, anatocismo mensal e anual, comissão de permanência, multa moratória, taxa de abertura de crédito, cobrança de boleto bancário e serviços de terceiros cobrados pelas instituições financeiras e custeados pelo consumidor, cujo estudo será iniciado e desenvolvido a partir da leitura livresca e da pesquisa jurisprudencial, na tentativa de demonstrar ao leitor o atual entendimento jurisprudencial consolidado, ou pelo menos o entendimento que vem prevalecendo acerca dos pontos abordados no presente trabalho. Essa abordagem doutrinária e jurisprudencial permitirá ao leitor compreender quais as cláusulas contratuais previstas no contrato de alienação que podem ser questionadas no âmbito do Poder Judiciário, além de lhe oferecer subsídios para analisá-las, criticamente, antes de assinatura. Por fim, estuda-se, ainda, o artigo 285-B, do Código de Processo Civil, introduzido pela Lei nº. 12.810/2003, que passou a exigir do autor da ação revisional a indicação do valor que pretende discutir e quantificar o valor incontroverso, cuja exigência limita, mais ainda, o direito do consumidor de questionar a cláusula contratual que entenda abusiva. 

  10. Relações contratuais e perfil dos cirurgiões-dentistas em centros de especialidades odontológicas de baixo e alto desempenho no Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Santos de Oliveira

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Introdução: No Brasil, a partir da década de 1990, quando foram implementadas novas modalidades contratuais flexíveis na administração pública, tem se destacado o debate sobre as relações de trabalho. Esse movimento de mudanças tem repercutido no sistema público de saúde pela tendência à instabilidade dos vínculos laborais e à desproteção social. Objetivo: Investigar o perfil profissional de cirurgiões-dentistas dos centros de especialidades odontológicas e analisar a natureza das relações de trabalho em vigor nos contratos firmados entre esses profissionais e os municípios. Metodologia:O estudo, de natureza exploratória, foi realizado a partir de entrevistas semiestruturadas com 289 profissionais alocados em 59 centros de especialidades odontológicas das 5 macrorregiões do país, selecionados entre os 10% com melhor e pior desempenho na produção de procedimentos. Resultados:Entre os profissionais investigados, a maioria era do sexo feminino (55,0%. Quanto à qualificação profissional, 72,7% do total dos entrevistados afirmaram ter cursado ou estar cursando pós-graduação no momento da entrevista. A presença de vínculos precários e a instabilidade laboral sobressaem nas entrevistas, o que evidencia algumas distinções entre as macrorregiões do país. Conclusões:Ao ressaltar o debate sobre o conceito de trabalho precário, os autores reafirmam que essa condição se faz presente no espaço da Política Nacional de Saúde Bucal implementada por estados e municípios.

  11. New paradigms for a new society: the consumption society and contractual relations Novos paradigmas para uma nova sociedade: a sociedade de consumo e as relações contratuais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreza Cristina Baggio

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available The liberal foundations of Private Law are not suitable to answer the questions resulting from the massive increase of contractual relations. Contracts start to be directly influenced by constitutional texts and there is the recognition of the necessity to protect the consumer, the vulnerable part in contractual relations. One does not speak about contracts in terms of the supremacy of the parts’ will anymore, but in terms of the supremacy of social interests, good-faith and trust.Os fundamentos liberais do Direito Privado são abalados na pós-modernidade com o surgimento da sociedade de consumo, e não servem para responder às questões resultantes da massificação das relações contratuais. As Constituições dos Estados tomam posição de centralidade nos ordenamentos jurídicos, os contratos passam a ter influência direta do texto constitucional, e há o reconhecimento da necessidade de proteger o consumidor, a parte vulnerável nas relações contratuais. Já não se fala mais em contrato em termos de supremacia da vontade das partes, mas sim, em relação à supremacia do interesse social, da boa-fé e da confiança.

  12. Aspectos moleculares da anemia falciforme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galiza Neto Gentil Claudino de

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available No presente artigo abordaram-se vários aspectos relacionados à natureza molecular da anemia falciforme, desordem hematológica de caráter hereditário que acomete expressivo número de indivíduos em várias regiões do mundo. As pesquisas realizadas em torno desta patologia da hemácia, ao longo de quase um século, a partir de 1910, cooperaram para a criação de um novo e importante segmento da ciência, denominado biologia molecular. A descoberta dos polimorfismos da mutação (GAT->GTG no gene que codifica a cadeia beta da hemoglobina, originando diferentes haplótipos da doença, permitiu um melhor e mais amplo conhecimento em torno da heterogeneidade clínica nos pacientes falcêmicos. Analisando a hemoglobina na sua estrutura normal e mutante, sua produção e evolução, pode-se ter um entendimento mais completo da fisiopatologia desta doença e da sua complexidade clínica.

  13. Cryptosporidium Zoonosis in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Olaleye

    Cryptosporidium Zoonosis in Nigeria. Ayinmode, A. B. and Fagbemi B. O. Department of Veterinary Microbiology and Parasitology,. Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. ABSTRACT: Cryptosporidium is a coocidian parasite that infects a wide range of vertebrate hosts including man.

  14. of imo state, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In most developing countries like Nigeria, cooperative movement is seen as a means of general economic development and increased Agricultural production. Agricultural cooperatives were the first to evolve in the history of Nigeria. Their primary objectives are the dispersal and marketing of farm products to her members.

  15. Nigeria Agricultural Journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Published by the Agricultural Society of Nigeria, the Nigerian Agricultural Journal is the oldest agricultural journal in the country having been published since 1961. It is published annually and contributions are accepted from any-one engaged in agricultural work in Nigeria and other countries in tropical Africa.

  16. apparel in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Applied Microbiology and Brewing, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka, Nigeria. A survey of bacteria contamination of hospital staff apparel in use in Anambra State, Nigeria, was carried out to deter- mine the extent of contamination by clinically important bacteria. Of a total of 125 swab samples of hospital staff.

  17. Aspectos que interfieren en la movilidad estudiantil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Mercedes Ramírez-Ordoñez

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Identificar los aspectos que interfieren en la realización de movilidad estudiantil. Materiales y Métodos: Esta investigación es cuantitativa de tipo descriptivo transversal por conveniencia, constituida por 243 estudiantes que hacen parte de un programa de enfermería en una institución de educación superior X, de los cuales se entrevistaron a 237. Para la recolección de la información se diseñó un cuestionario donde se evalúa el aspecto económico, académico y familiar y su interferencia con el programa de movilidad de la institución. Para su estructuración se realizó revisión bibliográfica, evaluación de expertos, alfa de cronbach y prueba piloto. Resultados: El aspecto económico ocupa el primer lugar en interferir en la movilidad estudiantil con un 73%, es importante resaltar que la población encuestada pertenece al estrato 2 por lo tanto cuentan con pocos recursos. El segundo lugar fue para el aspecto académico con un 63.45% y en menor dimensión el aspecto familiar con 26%; el 77% manifiesta tener un interés por participar del programa de movilidad, de los cuales el 43.78% prefiere el nivel internacional, el 29,79 % nacional y ambas opciones el 25,95%. Conclusiones: Al relacionar los aspectos económicos, académicos y familiares con el total de la población se encontró que solo el 12% de los estudiantes cumplen la totalidad de estos requisitos y pueden participar de la movilidad estudiantil.

  18. Osteossarcoma parosteal: aspectos na radiologia convencional

    OpenAIRE

    Nanci Neto,Francisco; Marchiori,Edson; Vianna,Alberto Domingues; Aymoré,Ierecê Lins; Almeida,Ana Luiza Brito de; Irion,Klaus L.; Collares,Felipe Birchal

    2007-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Avaliar os achados clínicos mais importantes do osteossarcoma parosteal e descrever os seus aspectos mais comuns na radiologia convencional. MATERIAIS E MÉTODOS: Estudo retrospectivo com 26 pacientes com osteossarcoma parosteal, provenientes do arquivo do Clube do Osso, Rio de Janeiro, RJ, e análise dos principais achados clínicos e aspectos radiológicos. RESULTADOS: A doença predominou em pacientes do sexo feminino e teve idade média de acometimento na terceira década de vida. Os a...

  19. polio eradication in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    cumulative total of 302 as at Jan 2004), ... have further resulted in the previous cancellation of polio-vaccination campaigns in several key Northern. Nigeria states. The outcome ... eradicate the sufferings, paralysis and death associated with the ...

  20. Aspectos biopsicosociales asociados al embarazo adolescente

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Regina Cogollo Jiménez

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El embarazo en la adolescencia, es un evento inesperado, sorpresivo. Este artículo establece la importancia de identificar los aspectos biopsicosociales asociados al embarazo adolescente en las embarazadas asistentes al programa de Control Prenatal de una Empresa Social del Estado de nivel 1 en Montería en 2009, para comprender las actitudes y los comportamientos asociados a esta etapa tan temprana. Materiales y Métodos: Es un estudio descriptivo, cuantitativo, de corte transversal. Población y muestra: 30 adolescentes embarazadas asistentes al Programa, el muestreo por conveniencia. Se utilizó la encuesta y la observación directa, previa autorización del Director de la empresa. Resultados: Caracterización de la población: predominó la edad de 15 a 19 años (adolescencia tardía, uniones libres, baja escolaridad debido a la deserción escolar, ingreso económico menor al salario mínimo legal vigente. Aspectos Biológicos: la menarquía a temprana edad (9 a 14 años, y en ella la mitad de los embarazos. La mayoría de los segundos embarazos terminaron en parto, la minoría en cesárea y aborto. La captación para los controles prenatales fue tardía, algunas no cumplieron con las citas programadas. Aspectos Psicológicos: inestabilidad con la pareja al enterarse del embarazo, tuvieron soporte familiar moral y económico, abandonaron sus estudios y presentaron malestares como estrés, depresión y tristeza. Aspectos Sociales: predominó la convivencia con la familia extensa. Hubo aceptación en el colegio y en los amigos. Discusión y Conclusiones: Se plantean estrategias para disminuir estos aspectos: elaboración de una cartilla sobre “Cuidado de la adolescente embarazada”, creación de espacios de reflexión, jornadas lúdicas educativas, entre otros. (Rev Cuid 2012; 3(3:385-93.Palabras clave: Embarazo en Adolescencia, Bienestar Materno, Atención Prenatal. (Fuente: De

  1. Petroleum Business in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dublin-Green, W. F.

    1997-01-01

    The petroleum industry is vital to the health of the Nigerian economy as it accounts for over 80% of Nigeria's total export earnings and about 70% of total government revenue. Nigeria has an oil reserve base of 21 billion barrels and gas reserve of 120 trillion cubic feet. With natural gas becoming the worlds fastest growing energy resource, the Nigerian Government has put in place a program to grow her oil reserve base to over 25 billion barrels and significantly increase her gas reserves. An earlier commitment made in 1990 to increase Nigeria's oil reserve base from a level of 16 to 20 billion barrels by 1995 was achieved well ahead of time. This success was largely due to financial incentives offered investors. This healthy business climate still prevails. This paper presents the investment opportunities that Nigeria offers genuine investors in both the upstream and downstream sectors of the industry and defines the legal/regulatory requirements for doing business in Nigeria. We try to give an insight into specific government policies that help to create an enabling environment for investors in the upstream and downstream sectors of the petroleum industry. We showcase the 5 (five) major sedimentary basins with enormous oil and gas potential where exploration/exploitation risks are rated medium to low. We focus on the environment and government's efforts to enforce the rules and guidelines that govern the policy termed the Environment, Safety and Standards. We recognize that the business challenges of the third millennium will dictate new alliances and partnerships that will survive and thrive only in a climate that is safe for the investor. This is the business climate we throw open in Nigeria for investors to come in and do business with us

  2. Contenedores: Aspectos tecnicos, biologicos y economicos

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tara Luna; Thomas D. Landis; R. Kasten. Dumroese

    2012-01-01

    La elección del contenedor es una de las consideraciones más importantes al establecer un nuevo vivero o empezar a producir una especie nueva. El tipo y tamaño de contenedor no sólo determina la cantidad de agua y nutrientes minerales que están disponibles para el crecimiento de una planta, sino que también afecta otros aspectos operativos del vivero, como el tamaño de...

  3. ASPECTOS MORFO-FISIOLÓGICOS DA CEBOLA

    OpenAIRE

    Manfron, Paulo Augusto; Garcia, Danton Camacho; Andriolo, Jerônimo Luiz

    1992-01-01

    A cultura da cebola Allium cepa L. ocupa lugar de importância entre as hortaliças cultivadas no Brasil. Em termos de valor da produção, é superada apenas pelo tomate e a batata e, em algumas regiões de São Paulo, Pernambuco, Rio Grande do Sul e Santa Catarina representa a principal atividade econômica. O objetivo do trabalho foi caracterizar aspectos morfo-fisiológicos importantes em cebola que variam conforme as condições climáticas. Apesar de existir um conhecimento satisfatório, o aprimora...

  4. Aspectos laborales del contrato a tiempo parcial

    OpenAIRE

    Garcia Perrote Escartin, Ignacio; Nieto Rojas, Patricia

    2010-01-01

    Las sucesivas reformas en materia de empleo a tiempo parcial han tratado de incrementar el espacio convencional para la regulación de aspectos nucleares de esta modalidad contractual con el objetivo de adecuar la regulación legal a las necesidades empresariales. Sin embargo, los resultados son bastante tenues: el escaso uso de este contrato (la tasa de empleo a tiempo parcial se sitúa en torno al 12%) y la nula atención prestada por los agentes sociales a este tipo de contrato han dific...

  5. Aspectos éticos de la obesidad

    OpenAIRE

    de Santiago Martín, Sandra

    2016-01-01

    El sobrepeso y la obesidad se están convirtiendo en uno de los problemas de salud de mayor preocupación, convirtiéndose en los últimos años en una verdadera pandemia mundial. Los objetivos de esta revisión bibliográfica son analizar los aspectos éticos de la obesidad, desde el punto de vista de la familia y la sociedad, las buenas prácticas sanitarias, los principios bioéticos y de los derechos del paciente obeso. Para realizar este trabajo de investigación se accedieron a las bases de ...

  6. Criptococose pulmonar: aspectos na tomografia computadorizada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silva Ana Carina Gamboa da

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available A criptococose pulmonar é uma doença causada pelo Criptococcus neoformans, um fungo unimórfico que possui distribuição mundial, existindo na mesma forma tanto no seu habitat natural quanto em animais e humanos. A doença possui apresentações clínica e patológica variáveis e pode manifestar-se tanto em pacientes com a imunidade normal como em imunocomprometidos, que representam a maioria dos casos. Neste trabalho são analisados os aspectos encontrados nas tomografias computadorizadas do tórax de 14 pacientes com criptococose pulmonar confirmada. Os achados mais freqüentes na tomografia do tórax foram as massas e os nódulos pulmonares. Outros aspectos observados foram as áreas de escavação, as consolidações, o espessamento do interstício peribroncovascular e o reticulado difuso. Massa pulmonar foi o achado isolado mais comum (64,2%, seguido dos nódulos isolados ou múltiplos (35,7%. Doença pulmonar difusa foi vista em apenas 14,2% dos casos. Os lobos superiores foram os mais comprometidos, sendo a doença mais comum nas regiões anteriores. A tomografia do tórax permitiu avaliar com precisão o grau de comprometimento do parênquima pulmonar.

  7. Territory Abuja, Nigeria.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria 's development of the new Federal Capital Territory in the central part ofthe country named Abuja 8,000 km! in size greatly impacted on all spheres oflives oft/1e host communities However, the host communities of 845 settlements with over. 3/6, 000 people were exposed to urban violence and there was fear that ...

  8. communities of rivers, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DEVELOPMENT EFFORTS OF OIL COMPANIES AS PERCEIVED BY. RURAL HOUSEHOLDS IN SELECTED OIL PRODUCING. COMMUNITIES OF RIVERS, NIGERIA. STATE. MATTHEW UKPONGSON AND DONATUS ONU. ABSTRACT. A total of 120 respondents participated in the study to detemmine the perceptions of ...

  9. (JUTH), Jos, Nigeria ABStr

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hazardous alcohol drinking and HIV is deleterious to the health of the individual and the general public. Therefore, this ... HIV/AIDS, harmful use. Corresponding author: Suwa G. Goar, Department of Psychiatry, Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria. ... hol use is related to high risk sexual behaviour through multiple ...

  10. COLLAPSED BUILDINGS IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global Journal

    2016-05-23

    May 23, 2016 ... STRUCTURAL. FAILURES. Ajayi (1988) has attributed building failures and collapse in Nigeria to poor design of structure and foundation detailing. While this may be true, it is to be ... contributors to structural failures in buildings. Lower concrete disability .... Failure in masonry units occurs when the tensile ...

  11. HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Obe

    Nigerian Journal of Technology, Vol. 1. No. 1, June 1975. Tokaty. 1. HIGHER EDUCATION IN NIGERIA ... of modern science and technology. The future of the vast continent is now passing into the hands of ... Knowledge is power it gives elegance, an investment in education pays the best interest, yet there is no royal road ...

  12. Borno State of Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    which falls within the meningitis belt of Africa has experienced periodic large epidemics of meningoccocal ... and headache especially in the older age group. Neck stiffness and positive Kernig's sign were the ... Figure 1 : Monthly distribution of N. Meningitis in Hospitalized. Children in Maiduguri, Nigeria. January - May ...

  13. in benin city, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CURRENT PRACTICES IN INFANT NUTRITION. IN BENIN CITY, NIGERIA. U.H. Oparaocha, O.M.Ibadin, C.D. Muogbo. The Roding Medical Centre, Victoria Island, Lagos and Departments of Child Health,. University of Benin/Teaching Hospital, Benin City,. ABSTRACT. A community based prospective study was carried out ...

  14. (TVET) in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vocational Education and Training (TVET) in Nigeria. Paper accepted on 28 September 2015 ... formally to take charge of other resources in an organisation so as to attain the defined objectives. These resources ... education and training programmes in the technical and vocational institutes. It can therefore be justified that ...

  15. labour force in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    women in Nigeria must be integrated in the development process through active mobilization and the liberalization of access to new economic opportunities especially in agriculture, emphasizing the past policies with gender bias in favour of men, needed to be modified. This paper examines the factors that affect women in ...

  16. IDRC in Nigeria

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    poverty alleviation. With IDRC's support, researchers and professionals in many African countries, including Nigeria, have access to essen - tial medical information. The online information network HealthNet is available even in remote regions, by satellite, and provides valuable medical information. Using HealthNet, pro -.

  17. Nigeria's youth at risk.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Igwe, S A

    1992-05-01

    Improved family and community support would prevent many youth in Nigeria from risk behavior including drinking alcohol, smoking, and using illicit drugs. In Rivers State, 70% of secondary students have had at least 1 alcoholic drink. Further, in Bendel State, 13% of 15-19 year olds in the coastal region drink alcohol compared with 75% of those in the hinterland. Since alcohol affects good judgment skills, this behavior is especially risky during rituals and social activities and causes accidents. Youth who drink are likely to have unplanned and unprotected sexual intercourse. Drinking during pregnancy is associated with miscarriages, low birth weight, and birth defects. Despite the problems with youth and drinking, Nigeria does not have law restricting sales of alcohol to youth. In Nigeria smoking was once predominantly a male habit but is now increasing quickly among women. Most smokers 1st begin their habit when 18 years old. Even thought he Nigerian government has restricted smoking in public places, it has not yet been effective. Smoking has numerous negative effects such as lung cancer, other cancers, shorter life spans, low birth weight, prematurity, higher perinatal mortality, and more labor complications. Moreover the tobacco and alcohol companies advertise widely using ingenious and persuasive promotions. Youth are especially vulnerable to these slick promotions. Cannabis remains the most common illegal drug. Heroin use is growing among urban adolescents in Nigeria, however. Nigeria also serves as a transhipment point for drugs to the US as well as a consumption point. Drug use results in rising numbers of patients in mental hospitals and treatment centers. A particular concern of drug use is transmission of HIV and hepatitis B via needles. Smokers and alcohol drinkers are likely to also be drug users. Families, government, and community organizations need to collaborate to prevent these risk behaviors among youth.

  18. LABORATORIO DE HORMONAS: ASPECTOS PRÁCTICOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    René E. Díaz T., DR.

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Las técnicas de laboratorio de análisis hormonales han experimentado grandes progresos en las últimas décadas, actualmente se pueden realizar determinaciones hormonales con gran precisión y automatización, sin embargo, existen muchos elementos que es necesario tener en consideración al momento de interpretar un examen hormonal. El elegir el examen adecuado para la condición que estamos estudiando, el conocer sus limitaciones y potenciales falsos positivos y negativos es parte del conocimiento que es fundamental tener como clínicos. En este artículo se pretende entregar una breve revisión de las principales determinaciones hormonales, orientado a aspectos que puedan ser de utilidad al médico no especialista en su práctica clínica.

  19. Aspectos y normas de accesibilidad web

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jairo Armando Riaño Herrera

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo revisa la diferencia y relación que existe entre los términos de accesibilidad y usabilidad en contextos de software y páginas web. Además con base en la definición de accesibilidad web hace una revisión de las normas y estándares que existen y que son mantenidas por el consorcio internacional W3C con su iniciativa “Web Accessibility Inititive”, con el objetivo de garantizar la accesibilidad a los sitios web por cualquier persona usuario independiente de su estado de discapacidad. Finalmente se enumeran aspectos a tener en cuenta al momento de publicar contenidos en la web y algunas herramientas de validación en línea que permiten validar el cumplimiento de normas de accesibilidad de los sitios web.

  20. Aspectos da pesquisa sobre tipologia textual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luiz Carlos Travaglia

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo chama a atenção dos pesquisadores sobre tipologiatextual, na área da Linguística Textual, sobre aspectos que sãoimportantes para que estas pesquisas gerem conclusões egeneralizações mais confiáveis. Os pontos comentados são: a anecessidade de uma teoria tipológica geral de textos que inclusivedetermine se as categorias de texto são todas da mesma natureza. Oautor propõe uma teoria geral; b a necessidade de estudos maishorizontalizados ou amplos que estabeleçam campos de pesquisa ede estudos mais verticalizados, que aprofundam o conhecimentode pontos específicos; c os aspectos metodológicos para superarproblemas no levantamento das categorias de texto existentes emuma sociedade e cultura, em suas diversas comunidades discursivase esferas de ação social; d a questão dos parâmetros e critérios paraconsiderar uma categoria de texto como sendo uma categoria e seela é de determinada natureza; e a questão dos critérios e parâmetrospara a caracterização das categorias de texto; f a necessidade deestudar as diversas relações de diferentes tipos que podem ocorrerentre as categorias de texto (de diferentes naturezas, tanto em suacomposição quanto em seu funcionamento sociodiscursivo; e g aatenção que merece a questão teminológica.

  1. Aspectos neurológicos da Pelagra

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aluízio Marques

    1944-12-01

    Full Text Available São estudadas as várias questões gerais da Pelagra, nomeadamente os aspectos clínicos e etiopatogênicos. As formas clássicas se traduzem por manifestações intensificadas na época de maior insolação e evidenciadas por desordens da pele, do aparelho digestivo e sistema nervoso. Lembra o autor que, não obstante se deva ter em primeira conta esses aspectos do mal, na prática não se podem descuidar os oligossintomáticos, frustos e larvados. Com referência a tais formas, acredita ser de grande importância salientar os exemplares em que se não encontram sintomas cutâneos e configuram a "Pelagra sine Pelagra". A seguir, procura mostrar a freqüência dos aspectos neurológicos e psiquiátricos da condição e afirma que, se não se descrevem mais amiúde, é porque os médicos que se ocupam da Pelagra, descuidam de esmiuçar a existência de sinais e sintomas nervosos e mentais muito sutis que com freqüência passam despercebidos. Também recorda que os aspectos neurológicos da Pelagra não se encontram mais vezes, porque, via de regra, só se diagnostica a doença quando as lesões cutâneas são evidentes; de hábito deixam-se de lado os exemplares de "Pelagra Sine Pelagra", os de tradução clínica destituída de eritema ou outros fenômenos dermatológicos. Baseado na sua experiência, diz que as manifestações nervosas e mentais da Pelagra são em muito maior número do que é de supor-se. Para documentar essa afirmação, recorda a observação que tem feito em mais de uma oportunidade e os casos publicados pelos autores brasileiros; nem só os registados especialmente do ponto de vista neurológico mas, também, aqueles em que se não deu particular apreço a esse aspecto e em que a simples leitura das observações evidencia fenômenos neuro-psiquiátricos muito caraterísticos. Os quatro exemplares relatados no trabalho, foram colhidos do Serviço de Clínica Neurológica do Hospital Getúlio Vargas. Dois deles

  2. and Jos Crisis in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2012-01-24

    Jan 24, 2012 ... Abstract. The issue of genocide has been an ugly occurrence in human society of all times. Genocide particularly in Jos, Plateau State Nigeria in recent times has been given religious interpretations. Religion which should be an agent of peace in a pluralistic society as Nigeria has today become almost an ...

  3. Nigeria Agricultural Journal: Editorial Policies

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Okpara University of Agriculture, Umudike, P.M.B. 7267, Umuahia, Abia State, Nigeria. jambanasor@yahoo.co.uk, editor.asnjournal@gmail.com. Deputy Editor-In-Chief - Prof. M.D. Alagbejo Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria. Associate Editors - Prof. M.O. Adedire University of Agriculture, Abeokuta Ogun State, Nigeria

  4. Nigeria using more condoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-09-01

    Marie Stopes International says a project it supports in Nigeria is making good progress in its efforts to promote the use of condoms to protect against STDs and for contraception. The program, which uses social marketing methods, is headed by Stewart Parkinson from the UK. His previous experience has been in the private sector; he has worked in sales, marketing, and advertising for companies like Coca Cola, Budweiser, Securicor, and Mates. "Social marketing," he says, "is simply getting people to buy a product". He sees no clash with more conventional health education practitioners, believing that the two approaches can complement each other. "Much of the work simply involves pointing out the benefits of condoms," says Parkinson. "You can convert large numbers of people to the idea in a short space of time if you get the message right]" Nevertheless, as he points out, the conversion rate usually drops after that. "At first the take-up is from middle-income people, who already have a latent demand for condoms. The poor are harder to reach." He says Nigeria is a very suitable country for a private sector approach to condom promotion, as there is no functioning public sector. He recently paid a visit to Zimbabwe, where the public sector is strong, and agrees that different approaches may be suitable there. The scheme provided 85% of the 65 million condoms used in Nigeria last year. Stewart Parkinson says, "It's working out at only US$5 to provide protection for one couple per year--a very cheap intervention]" full text

  5. ASPECTOS FINANCIEROS DE LA REFORMA LOCAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amable Corcuera Torres

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se analizan los aspectos jurídico-financieros más relevantes que incluye la Ley 27/2013, de 27 de diciembre, de racionalización y sostenibilidad de la Administración Local. Las nuevas medidas incluidas en la citada Ley afectan tanto a los ingresos de los entes locales como a sus gastos. Al respecto, se abordan cuestiones relativas a los efectos económicos de la fusión de municipios, la supresión general de licencias, el contenido de los planes económico-financieros, el cálculo del coste efectivo de los servicios, el redimensionamiento del sector público local, la novedosa atribución a la Junta de Gobierno Local de la competencia para aprobar ciertos actos financieros, la disolución de entidades de ámbito territorial inferior al Municipio que no presenten sus cuentas antes de 31 de diciembre de 2014 o la posibilidad de reducir la deuda comercial o financiera a través de la venta de patrimonio público del suelo. In this work the most important legal and financial aspects including the Law 27/2013, of 27 December, rationalization and sustainability of local government are analyzed. The new measures included in that Act affect both the income of local authorities and their expenses. In this regard, issues concerning the economic effects of the merger of municipalities, the general abolition of licenses, the content of financial plans, the calculation of the actual cost of services, the local public sector downsizing, the novel addresses allocation to the Local Government of the power to grant certain financial actions, the dissolution of entities below the Municipality territory who do not submit their accounts before December 31, 2014 or the possibility of reducing the commercial or financial debt through the sale of public land heritage.

  6. Aspectos nutricionais e ambientais da obesidade canina

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Preising Aptekmann

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available A obesidade é a doença nutricional mais frequente em cães, leva a uma série de alterações nas funções corporais e limita a longevidade dos animais. Vários fatores contribuem para o desenvolvimento da obesidade em cães, como genética, raça, idade, falta de atividade física, composição calórica dos alimentos, tipo e a forma de alimentação, distúrbios hormonais, medicamentos e fatores relacionados com os proprietários. Devido à falta de estudos sobre os aspectos nutricionais e ambientais envolvidos no desenvolvimento da obesidade canina, o presente trabalho objetivou obter estas informações por meio de enquetes a proprietários. Foram realizadas 254 entrevistas com proprietários de cães com sobrepeso ou obesos, atendidos em Hospitais Veterinários Universitários. Selecionaram-se cães com escore de condição corporal (ECC de 6 a 9, de acordo com escala descrita por LAFLAMME (1997. A maioria dos cães acometidos eram fêmeas adultas castradas, sem raça definida (33% ou Poodles (17%. De acordo com 36% dos respondentes, o excesso de alimento era a possível razão do ganho de peso dos animais. Apenas 52% dos proprietários tentaram realizar controle de peso do seu animal, principalmente reduzindo a quantidade de alimento. Não houve correlação entre a condição corporal do proprietário, nível de escolaridade, renda familiar e ambiente domiciliar dos proprietários com o ECC dos animais. As informações obtidas podem auxiliar na identificação dos fatores nutricionais e ambientais envolvidos no desenvolvimento da obesidade em cães, podendo adotar medidas preventivas e desenvolver melhores estratégias para o tratamento

  7. Agricultural Engineering Education in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aboaba, F. O.

    1974-01-01

    Agricultural engineering, an important new branch of engineering in Nigeria, is discussed in relation to available training programs, diploma and certificate courses, and evaluation of training programs. (Author/PG)

  8. LEADERSHIP STRATEGIES FOR NIGERIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mary Gloria C. Njoku

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Exploring the state of Nigerian leadership, there is a clear indication that the nation is in distress and therefore needs a leader who would be able to get the best out of Nigerian followers and lead the nation to stability. This leader must be trustworthy, emotionally intelligent, firm, willing to suffer for the nation, focused on breaking down ethnic divide, and inspiring hope in the people. The leader must be capable of taking in varied information and solving complex problems effectively and efficiently. This paper adopts the concept of leadership as one that involves a social influence process, a leader/leaders and followers. This perspective is impacted by social psychological principles of social influence and clinical psychology socioemotional intelligence and will therefore discuss leadership for Nigeria from these perspectives.

  9. Challenging tradition in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Supriya, K E

    1991-01-01

    In Nigeria since 1987, the National Association of Nigeria Nurses and Midwives (NSNNM) has used traditional medial and traditional health care workers to curtail the practice of female circumcision. Other harmful traditions are being changed also, such as early marriage, taboos of pregnancy and childbirth, and scarification. 30,000 member of NANNM are involved in this effort to halt the harmful practices themselves and to change community opinion. The program involved national and state level workshops on harmful health consequences of traditional practices and instruction on how to conduct focus group discussions to assess women's beliefs and practices. The focus groups were found to be a particularly successful method of opening up discussion of taboo topics and expressing deep emotions. The response to the knowledge that circumcision was not necessary was rage and anger, which was channeled into advocacy roles or change in the practice. The result was the channeled into advocacy roles for change in the practice. The result was the development of books, leaflets and videos. One community group designed a dress with a decorative motif of tatoos and bodily cuts to symbolize circumcision and scarring. Plays and songs were written and performed. Artists provided models of female genitalia both before and after circumcision. The campaign has been successful in bringing this issue to the public attention in prominent ways, such a national television, health talk shows, and women;s magazines. One of the most important results of the effort has been the demonstration that culture and tradition can be changed from within, rather than from outside imposition of values and beliefs.

  10. Improving energy efficiency in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Adegbulugbe, A.O.

    1991-01-01

    Despite its huge population of about 100 million people, Nigeria consumes a relatively small share of the world's energy. GDP per capita equaled about US$ 800 in 1985. Agriculture accounts for the largest portion of GDP, at around 40%, followed by services with 31%, industry with 25% and transport with 4$. Unlike most other African nations, Nigeria has abundant energy sources. Recent estimates assumed that Nigeria has about 16 billion barrels of oil, 30 billion barrels of oil equivalent (boe) of gas and 3 billion boe of coal. The results of two long-term energy use and carbon emissions scenarios for Nigeria indicate that between 1985 and 2025, Nigeria's energy consumption will rise substantially as both population and economic growth rates soar. While biomass consumption drops markedly over the observed time period, gas and oil consumption witness significant increases. Coal and solar power also account for increasing shares of Nigeria's energy supply in the coming four decades. Hydro's share in energy use remains stable

  11. Aspectos nutricionales del búfalo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    André Mendes Jorge

    2011-11-01

    necesario para mantener al animal en un estado saludable donde puedan expresar su potencial reproductivo de acuerdo con el nivel de producción deseado en condiciones específicas de ambientales y de alimentación (Paul & Lal, 2010. El presente texto fue escrito con la intención de abordar algunos aspectos nutricionales del búfalo, exponiendo lo más actual sobre el tema y de esa forma aclarar las posibles dudas sobre las normas de alimentación para esta especie.

  12. Overt Indicators of Islamic Extremism in Nigeria

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Genasci, Andy J

    2006-01-01

    This thesis examines characteristics of Islamic extremism in Nigeria. Specifically, the thesis examines the strategic indicators for an Islamic extremist safe haven and the presence of those indicators in Nigeria...

  13. Nigeria Journal of Business Administration: Journal Sponsorship

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Business Administration: Journal Sponsorship. Journal Home > About the Journal > Nigeria Journal of Business Administration: Journal Sponsorship. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  14. Nigeria: petroleum; natural gas and economic crisis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gugliotta, A.

    2008-01-01

    Conflicts in Nigeria have recently deepened and they show a continuous escalation. The endless attacks against all infrastructures led to a reduction of oil production, thus effecting international oil market as well. This article provides a Nigeria's economy and energy framework. First, we will focus on troubles characterizing oil companies activities in Nigeria. Then, we will analyze how a higher exploitation of natural gas could affect Nigeria's economy, politics and society. [it

  15. South-South, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovutor Owhoeli

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A total of 213 faecal samples were collected from four abattoirs and households to determine the prevalence of helminthes infections in exotic and indigenous goats in Port Harcourt, South-South, Nigeria. The study revealed that out of 153 exotic goats (Red Sokoto Capra hircus, 112 were infected with various species of gastrointestinal helminths; out of 60 indigenous goats (West African dwarf Capra hircus, 49 were also infected with various types of gastrointestinal helminths. The formol-ether concentration method was used to analyse the specimens. The study revealed that an overall prevalence of (75.5% was recorded, out of which 57 (76.0%, 55 (70.5%, and 49 (81.6% were recorded for exotic goat in the months of May–September, 2010, exotic goat in the months October 2010–February, 2011 and for indigenous goats, respectively. The overall prevalence amongst the infected animals was not statistically significant (P>0.05. Species of helminthes revealed from the study were, Haemonchus, Strongyloides, Chabertia, Trichuris, Ostertagia, Bunostomum, Trichostrongyloida, Ascaris, Tenia, Avitelina, Fasciola, Eurytrema, Gastrothylax, Schistosoma, and Dicrocoelium.

  16. STATUS OF ABATTOIR WASTES RESEARCH IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ES Obe

    STATUS OF ABATTOIR WASTES RESEARCH IN. NIGERIA. S.L. Ezeohaa, B.O. Ugwuishiwu. Department of Agricultural and Bioresources Engineering, University of Nigeria, Nsukka,. Nigeria a(Email: louiezeoha@yahoo.com). Abstract. Literature review was done to investigate the potential of abattoir wastes to befoul.

  17. Studying Religion for Sustainable Development in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria's tertiary institutions serve as the starting point. The paper concludes that the study of religion is indispensable for sustainable development in Nigeria. It recommends that for this type of development to be achieved, students of religion should be given a pride of place in Nigeria's politics and economy.

  18. Ecological anatomy of some hydrophytes in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-07-20

    Jul 20, 2009 ... Ecological anatomy of some hydrophytes in Nigeria. Adeniyi A. Jayeola1* and Ezekiel A. Folorunso2. 1Department of Botany and Microbiology, University of Ibadan, Nigeria. 2Department of Botany, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile Ife, Nigeria. Accepted 23 January, 2009. Structural features were studied in ...

  19. SMALL HYDROPOWER (SHP) DEVELOPMENT IN NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ICT

    Nigeria are properly harnessed. KEYWORDS: Small hydro-power, potentials, harnessing, energy-mix. INTRODUCTION. Nigeria depends heavily on fossil fuel for electricity generation due to the vast deposits of crude oil and natural gas in the country. Notwithstanding the vast deposit of crude oil, Nigeria generates less than.

  20. Aspectos del dengue investigados en Santander

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth Martínez

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Entre 1998 y 2003 se registraron en Colombia 256,831 casos de dengue (22,834 de dengue hemorrágico DH de los cuales 41,325 (36% fueron en Santander (3,265 DH (1,2. En este período ocurrieron brotes en 1998 y 2001 observándose incremento de casos severos en el segundo (2. Por otro lado, existen inconvenientes con el diagnóstico que dificultan el manejo clínico oportuno y la vigilancia epidemiológica. Como consecuencia, los siguientes aspectos han sido investigados:

    1 Contribución de la circulación de los serotipos/genotipos al incremento del dengue hemorrágico, considerando que la entrada o emergencia de éstos se han asociado con epidemias (3. Entre 1998 y 2004 se hicieron 1,180 intentos de aislamiento viral en células C6/36 (4, detectándose los 4 serotipos. El DEN-2 se aisló todos los años con mayor frecuencia durante los brotes (43% y 40% de los cepas; el DEN-1 se detectó entre 1998 y 2001, siendo el prevalente en el primer brote (57%, pero el menos en el segundo (4%; el DEN-3 se detectó en el brote del 2001 con similar frecuencia al DEN-2 (36%, por primera vez en Colombia luego de 23 años ausente, y fue el prevalerte entre 2002-2004 (92% de los aislados, aunque en estos años no se reportó incremento del DH (2; el DEN-4 se aisló solo en el 2000 (27% y en el brote del 2001 (20%. El genotipo de cada serotipo se identificó por análisis de RSS-PCR (5,6. Se encontraron el subtipo A (ó III, C (ó I y B (ó II de los serotipos 2, 1 y 4, similares a los que están circulando en países de América y oriundos del Asia. Los DEN-3 fueron del subtipo C (ó III iguales al virus que entró en América en 1994 oriundo de Sri-Lanka, India. Los genotipos del 2 y 3 encontrados en Santander producen con mayor frecuencia DH (3,7.

  1. Curso de Repositorios Digitales - Aspectos tecnológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Villarreal, Gonzalo Luján; De Giusti, Marisa Raquel; Nusch, Carlos

    2016-01-01

    Clase en la que se mencionan los aspectos tecnológicos de la instalación y puesta en funcionamiento de un repositorio digital, en el marco del curso de repositorios digitales. Incluye consideraciones sobre la elección del software para gestionar un repositorio, alojamiento, personalización y estándares y formatos de interoperabilidad recomendados.

  2. Meningites bacterianas no lactente aspectos neurológicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Valeriana L. de Moura-Ribeiro

    1990-06-01

    Full Text Available Aspectos clínicos, neurológicos e laboratoriais das meningites bacterianas agudas no lactente são criticamente analisados em função da experiência da autora. São apresentadas considerações fisiopatológicas sobre os eventos que ocorrem na fase aguda desses processos.

  3. Women Empowerment And Nigeria\\'s Development: Perspectives ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper posits that there is observed in Nigeria, the continuous under representation of women in both the elective and appointive positions at all levels of the society. It argues that given their population and innate potentialities in contributing to the political and socioeconomic development of the country, it behoves on ...

  4. CLOUD COMPUTING IN NIGERIA: TH PUTING IN NIGERIA: THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    eobe

    More people are embracing e commerce and e-business and other e offerings. There is an increase in ICT penetration the influence it has on the lives of the peopl country [2, 3, 4]. ICT has also been penciled dow be the key in route to the achievement of the count millennium development goals (MDG) [5 despite Nigeria's ...

  5. Presentación del Libro, “Epilepsia. Aspectos Clínicos y Psicosociales”.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Medina Malo

    2006-12-01

    aspectos biológicos. Es excelente porque muestra el equipo que reunió el Dr. Medina, a los integrantes de la Liga contra la Epilepsia, que se ve reflejada en ese aspecto biopsicosocial de la persona con epilepsia.

  6. Solar energy applications in Nigeria

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ilenikhena, P.A.; Ezemonye, L.I.N.

    2010-09-15

    Solar radiation being abundantly present in Nigeria was one area of focus in renewable energy sources. Researches were carried out and technologies produced for direct harnessing of the energy in six energy centres across the country. Some state governments in collaboration with non-governmental agencies also sponsored solar energy projects in some villages that are not connected to the national grid.

  7. Jonathan's Constitutional Conference in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ian

    2013-10-01

    Oct 1, 2013 ... Adeniyi S. Basiru is an independent researcher and a PhD candidate in the Department of Political Science, University of Lagos, Akoka-. Yaba, Lagos, Nigeria. 2. ... inspiration from Aristotle's Politics, posits that since ordinary people, the demos, are the sovereign and objects of political participation, in any ...

  8. Nigeria Journal of Business Administration

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Nigeria Journal of Business Administration has as its principal goal the promotion of academic excellence in research in the management sciences and the exchange of ... The emergence of information and communication technologies in Africa: challenges and opportunities · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT

  9. arinta waterfall, ekiti state, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tersor

    Altitude plays key roles in determining plant distribution and biodiversity patterns. The importance of vegetation should not be undermined because it is one of the primary factors that determine the eligibility of ecotourism sites. This study was undertaken at Arinta Waterfall, Ekiti State, Nigeria with an aim to determine.

  10. primary health care in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user1

    2014-07-31

    Jul 31, 2014 ... The Alma Ata declaration on Primary Health Care (PHC) which was made in 1978 is meant to address the main health problems in communities by providing promotive, preventive, curative and rehabilitative services. Nigeria was among the 134 signatories to this invaluable idea. Subsequently, several ...

  11. Revisiting Nursing Research in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-08-18

    Aug 18, 2016 ... Finland. 2Kuopio University Hospital, Finland. 3Institute of Public Health and Clinical Nutrition, Faculty ... education and research in Nigeria, identified through online data bases; Google. Scholar, CINAHL and PubMed. Findings: ... caused by illness.[6] In view of the role of nurses as patient's advocate and ...

  12. EASTERN NIGERIA - A Preliminary Report

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In the developed world, diabetic retinopathy remains the major cause of blindness in patients under 55 years of age." Comparatively, diabetic eye disease is increas- ingly becoming a problem in the developing countries because of longerlife expectancy and a higherincidence of diabetes." In Nigeria, it is one of the causes ...

  13. AQUIFER IN AJAOKUTA, SOUTHWESTERN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2005-03-08

    Mar 8, 2005 ... the inherent danger of pollution, there is an urgent need to identify the groundwater potential of the hard rock area. Consequently, the existing surface water ..... Olayinka、A.I.and Mbachu、C.N.C.、1992.Atechniqueforthe. interpretationofelectricalSoundingsfromcrystalline basementareas of Nigeria Journal of ...

  14. Example from Ilorin City, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2013-01-28

    Jan 28, 2013 ... Abstract. Ilorin is one of the major cities in Nigeria today and its growing strength in both socio-economic affiliations is admirable. However, the city is potently tainted with traffic bottleneck which occasionally results into traffic dilemma accidents and clogging, stampede and free-fight between and among ...

  15. technologies in Imo State, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    adoption of improved cassava production technologies, while age was negatively but significantly related to ... that Nigeria is leading the cassava production in the world, producing about 20% of total world production .... 8 recommended improved cassava production technologies identified to include appropriate spacing,.

  16. Political Advertising Design in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    2015-04-14

    Apr 14, 2015 ... that created the need for intensified publicity by the emerging political class towards the independence. Among ... Bello who led various political parties: National Council of Nigeria and Cameroon. (NCNC), Action Group ..... The Dynamics of Mass Communication-Media in the Digital. Age Boston: McGrawl ...

  17. Hope and violence in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Cragg, Chris

    1998-01-01

    The long history of political uncertainty and corruption in Nigeria is outlined with particular emphasis on its impact on the National Nigerian Petroleum Company (NNPC). Recent political developments and the consequent crackdown on rampant corruption has meant that there are better prospects for NNPC to begin to properly contribute to joint ventures with the major international oil companies. (UK)

  18. Aspectos sociotécnicos das TI & Relacionamento Humano & Sinergia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sergio Vieira Holtz Filho

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available As Tecnologias de Informação (TI estão entre os principais agentes de mudança sociais. Para gerir tais mudanças, uma miríade de áreas do conhecimento humano têm muito a contribuir para a abordagem dos aspectos sociotécnicos das TI e promover sinergia. Como uma organização empresarial atua no sentido de provocar mudanças no comportamento das pessoas, visando a melhoria contínua, esse processo de mudança provocada chama-se aprendizagem. Isto posto, neste artigo apresentaremos resultados observados em empresas em processo de reengenharia e submetidas a utilização de metodologias integradas (PDCA, Método Paulo Freire e Roteiro Integração de Equipes, abordando os aspectos sociotécnicos das TI & relacionamentos humanos pela praxe da pedagogia como elemento de sinergia.

  19. Aspectos de regulación sanitaria en Brasil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Carlos Buzanello

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Mira a algunos aspectos de la regulación de los servicios de saneamiento en Brasil, específicamente la política de regulación resultante del proceso de reforma del Estado de 1995. Cuestiona los resultados de la productividad de los servicios de agua y alcantarillado de los concesionarios y el alcance de estas medidas al consumismo usuario.

  20. Democracy and development in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tolu Lawal

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Democracy and development are global phenomena. Every country in the world aspires and claims to be democratic. This is because of the role of the latter in developmental process. This paper examined the linkage between democracy and development in Nigeria, using ethics as the yardstick for democratic adherence. The paper adopted content analysis approach to source its data and concluded that democracy is an ingredient of development. It must therefore be sustained to evolve and ensure sustainable development.

  1. Institutional shareholder activism in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Uche, C.; Adegbite, E.; Jones, M.

    2016-01-01

    The file attached to this record is the author's final peer reviewed version. The Publisher's final version can be found by following the DOI link. Abstract Purpose-The purpose of this paper is to investigate institutional shareholder activism in Nigeria. It addresses the paucity of empirical research on institutional shareholder activism in sub-Saharan Africa. Design/Methodology-This study employs agency theory to understand the institutional shareholder approach to shareholde...

  2. Asset dynamics in Northern Nigeria:

    OpenAIRE

    Dillon, Andrew; Quiñones, Esteban J.

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines household asset dynamics and gender-differentiated asset inequality over a 20-year period (1988–2008) in northern Nigeria. We show that the initial endowments of both household capital and livestock holdings are inconsistent with the poverty trap hypothesis but that tracking rules for households in panel surveys may lead to differences in empirical results on poverty traps. We also investigate whether initial household endowments contributed to gender-differentiated future...

  3. Direito agrário: aspectos reais e obrigacionais

    OpenAIRE

    Filho, Milton Pardo

    2006-01-01

    Essa dissertação resulta de processo de pesquisa realizada na área de Direito Social que teve como objetivo reunir e sistematizar aspectos obrigacionais e reais do Direito Agrário. A metodologia adotada teve forte influência da pesquisa bibliográfica combinada com análise da situação agrária no Brasil apontando para os seguintes resultados. A) O Direito Agrário é um ramo do direito civil; B) O Direito Agrário centra-se na propriedade, com importantes reflexos reais: Imóvel Rura...

  4. La Entomofagia en México. Algunos aspectos culturales

    OpenAIRE

    Felipe Carlos Viesca González; Alejandro Tonatiuh Romero Contreras

    2009-01-01

    En este trabajo se abordan aspectos culturales del consumo de insectos con fines alimenticios en México y el mundo; particularmente se analiza la entomofagia en la época prehispánica y nuestros días, así como las causas por las cuales ha disminuido el consumo de estos artrópodos. Se explica porqué se ha creado una aversión hacia los insectos en diversos países y algunas regiones de México. Se reflexiona acerca del valor nutritivo de los insectos y las distintas culturas que han hecho posible ...

  5. Aspectos neuropsicológicos de la música

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez López, Guillermo Rubén

    2014-01-01

    Traballo Fin de Grao en Psicoloxía. Curso 2013-2014 [ES] Desde hace aproximadamente dos décadas el estudio de los aspectos neuropsicológicos relacionados con la música ha venido cobrando gran importancia en el ámbito de la Neurociencia. La música constituye un estímulo multimodal que transmite información visual, auditiva y motora a nuestro cerebro, que a su vez, como el lenguaje, cuenta con una red neural específica para su procesamiento. De este modo, la percepción y producci...

  6. Las empresas castellano-leonesas: aspectos financieros de las manufactureras

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández Martín, Virginia

    2016-01-01

    Este trabajo se va a centrar en el estudio del sector manufacturero (industrial) de Castilla y León, en concreto, en sus aspectos económico-financieros. Dicho sector manufacturero abarca los códigos del 10 al 33, ambos incluidos, de la Clasificación Nacional de Actividades Económicas (CNAE 2009). Con este estudio, se pretende determinar si existen diferencias significativas o no entre la financiación de las empresas manufactureras y las no manufactureras de Castilla y León para el periodo ...

  7. ASPECTOS DA RESPONSABILIDADE CIVIL EM MATÉRIA AMBIENTAL

    OpenAIRE

    Aguiar Filho, Valfredo de Andrade

    2008-01-01

    Diante da imprescindível necessidade de garantia do direito ao meio ambiente saudável, faz-se necessário o estudo do tradicional instituto da responsabilidade civil frente aos novos desafios de proteção ambiental. Desta forma, analisa-se o conceito de dano ambiental, e de meio ambiente, esboçando alguns problemas doutrinários, logo após, traçam-se alguns comentários a respeito da responsabilidade civil, para assim, introduzir alguns aspectos da responsabilidade civil em matéria ambiental. Den...

  8. Aspectos financieros de las cesiones de carteras de siniestros

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rivas López, María Victoria

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizan los aspectos financieros y económicos de las compañías de seguros a través de las cesiones de carteras de siniestros. Esta técnica da cobertura a ciertos riesgos financieros, permitiendo la optimización de riesgo soportado por la cedente, con el fin de diluir los efectos adversos del comportamiento de la variable aleatoria de la siniestralidad, para la mejora de la solvencia, el incremento de la capacidad de suscripción y salvaguardar el balance.

  9. How Vulnerable Is Nigeria to Islam Extremism?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    significantly transforming 1 “Countering Radicalization Through Development Assistance – A Country...Abuja, Nigeria, Monday, June 14, 2004). 4 Schwartz, “Is Nigeria a Hotbed of Extremism?” 3. 5. Siri Aas Rustad, “Power-sharing Agreements...Radicalization Through Development Assistance – A Country Assessment Tool” (Copenhagen: Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Denmark, 2007), 16. 88. Ibid., 10

  10. Privatization and Economic Performance: Evidence from Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    African Research Review ... This paper seeks to evaluate theoretically and empirically the impact of privatization on economic growth in Nigeria. Using error correlation model (ECM), it was discovered that privatization has not impacted positively on economic growth in Nigeria, and this was blamed on a lot of factors like ...

  11. 118 CONSTITUTIONALISM AND GOOD GOVERNANCE IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fr. Ikenga

    This paper attempts to analyse the constitutional development of Nigeria with a view to really determining at what point it can be said that Nigeria had a constitution. The various determinants of constitutionalism are to be x-rayed and juxtaposed with the activities of the government particularly the fourth and fifth republics.

  12. PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN EKITI STATE, NIGERIA. 1aAriyo, O., 2Olofintoye, L.K., 3Adeleke, R. A., 1Famurewa, O. departments of Microbiology, 2Zoology and Mathematical Sciences,. University of Ado-Ekiti, P. M. B. 5363, Ado-Ekiti, Nigeria. 'Present address: Disease Control Unit, Ekiti State Ministry of Health,. Ado-Ekiti ...

  13. critical assessment of nigeria criminal justice system

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Global Journal

    This study therefore assessed the Nigeria criminal justice system and the problem of awaiting trial in Port Harcourt Maximum Prison, Rivers State. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The study adopted the survey research design. An 18-item questionnaire captioned. “Questionnaire on Nigeria criminal ...

  14. Telecommunications Reform in Nigeria: The Marketing Challenges ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Telecommunications Reform in Nigeria: The Marketing Challenges. ... Journal of Research in National Development ... This paper discusses the telecommunications reforms process, the role of the regulatory body (Nigeria Commission, the current state of the telecommunication sector and the marketing challenges in ...

  15. Malaria in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-12-15

    Dec 15, 2009 ... Malaria prevalence studies had been undertaken in many parts of Nigeria but there is probably no data available from the far North Western region. This research study was undertaken to determine the prevalence, monthly distribution of malaria in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria in order to generate base-.

  16. Anaesthesia manpower need in Nigeria | Onyekwulu | Orient ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The physician anaesthesia provider per 100,000 people in Nigeria was 0.113. Conclusion: The per capita anaesthetist manpower in Nigeria is extremely low when compared to developed countries. Training institutions must ensure sufficient funding and recruitment into the training programme in order to develop the ...

  17. Trauma Preparedness In Nigeria: A Questionnaire Survey ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Respondents who reported trauma drills in their hospitals were 20(29.4%), standing trauma team 27(39.7%), disaster management team 19(27.9%) and ambulance emergency help line 14(20.6%). Conclusion: Doctors and hospitals in Nigeria are ill-prepared for trauma care. Keywords: Trauma, Preparedness, Nigeria

  18. Youth Reproductive & Sexual Health in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sampson, Melodi

    2010-01-01

    Nearly one third of Nigeria's total population of 148.1 million is between the ages of 10 and 24. Nigerian adolescents' sizeable share of the population makes them integral to the country's social, political and economic development. Nigeria's development is compromised by the sexual and reproductive health issues afflicting its youth. Lack of…

  19. Chinese Involvement in Nigeria's Infrastructural Development for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Chinese Involvement in Nigeria's Infrastructural Development for Poverty Reduction: The Case of Idundu Bridge, Cross River State. ... This study aimed to determine the socio-economic impact of Chinese involvement in village road construction at the community level in Nigeria. We specifically examined the impact of the ...

  20. Towards the improvement of maize in Nigeria

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Eijnatten, van C.L.M.

    1965-01-01

    Approximately 600,000 tons of maize were produced annually in Nigeria. Maize was the main grain crop in southern Nigeria and its production in the middle belt was rapidly increasing. Most of the crop was eaten as dry grain, a little before maturity. A preference was recorded for floury varieties of

  1. Communication and the Environment: Nigeria's Image and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This work introduces Nigeria's image and reputation problems both domestically and internationally and defines key concepts in the study. It also discusses the domestic and foreign conceptions, perceptions and communication of Nigeria's image and reputation. It further observes the implication of the nation's battered ...

  2. Sociology and Social Work in Nigeria: Characteristics ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the evolution of sociology and social work in Nigeria and examines the current characteristics and areas of convergences and divergences in both fields. It was only in the 1960s that universities in Nigeria began to offer degree programmes in sociology with the. first sub-department and full department ...

  3. Nigeria Agricultural Journal - Vol 39 (2008)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Evaluation of the effect of agricultural extension delivery in Cassava production in Nigeria: a case study of Cross River State of Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. MN Agbarevo, CPO Obinne, 16-21. http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/naj.v39i1.3261 ...

  4. Nigeria Agricultural Journal - Vol 48 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Development of nematode resistance maize varieties by diallel mating in Owerri, rain-forest agro-ecology of Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT ... Effect of National Special Programme on Food Security (NSPFS) on the productivity of small-holder cassava farmers in southeastern, Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT ...

  5. Is Abortion Incidence Rising In Nigeria?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    Mifepristone and misoprostol, the two main abortion pills are widely available in Nigeria and have been reported to be highly effective in Nigerian women6. However, the extent to which women use abortion pills to self-induce abortions has not yet been investigated in Nigeria. We believe this would be sizeable in view of the ...

  6. Obesity in Pregnancy in Southeast Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EGOLUM

    2011-12-22

    Dec 22, 2011 ... 2. Department of Community Medicine. College of Medicine, University of Nigeria Enugu ... Methods: Stratified random sampling technique was used to select 301 students who were11-16years of age. Trained interviewers ... Department of Restorative Dentistry, College of. Medicine, University of Nigeria ...

  7. Water Resources: Management and Strategies in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria has a population of about 160 million people and an area of land covering 200,000 square kilometres. Amongst the numerous natural resources in Nigeria; water resources is most plenteous and is developing at a fast pace. Because of the lack of sound early development policy and meaningful investments, the ...

  8. powering nigeria through renewable electricity investments: legal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAYAN_

    of medium and long-term revenue of the levels of government to 'prepare for the eventual depletion of Nigeria's hydrocarbon resources for the development of critical infrastructure in Nigeria that attracts and supports foreign investment, economic diversification, growth and creation in. 113 The sum of N300 billion has been ...

  9. in River Oluwa, Ondo State, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Administrator

    (Osteichthyes: Siluriformes) in Kainji Lake,. Nigeria. Hydrobiologia,57: 197–207. Olojo E. A. A., Olurin K. B. and Osikoya O. J. (2003). Food and feeding habits of Synodontis nigrita from the Osun Rivers, SW Nigeria. NAGA26(4): 21–24. Pillay T. V. R. (1990). Aquaculture: Principles and. Practices. Fishing News Books, Oxford ...

  10. Another Look at Nigeria's Abortion Laws

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... leading to rather unfortunate consequences – Human Rights desecration inclusive. This paper aims to appraise Nigeria's legal position on abortion. With comparative analysis of the legal positions in other jurisdictions and relevant human rights provisions, critique and recommendation for reforms of Nigeria's stance will ...

  11. Governance and Sustainable Peace in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    Abstract. This paper examined the role of governance in the achievement of sustainable peace in. Nigeria. It is obvious that insecurity is the order of the day in Nigeria presently. This is not surprising because of the apparent failure on the part of political leadership that has been amassing the Nation's wealth neglecting the ...

  12. ICT and Higher Educational System in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Idowu, Adeyemi I.; Esere, Mary

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the integration of ICT in higher education in Nigeria. The possibilities and reach of information technologies can tear down territorial boundaries and make available equal information and knowledge of different categories as soon as necessary data are fed on the website. Nevertheless, Nigeria as a nation is yet to take full…

  13. Entrepreneurship Education in Nigeria: Funding Mechanisms | Duze ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The purpose of this study was to search for the appropriate fundingmechanisms that would be adopted in Nigeria for effective and efficientplanning, implementation, and sustainability of entrepreneurship education in Nigeria as perceived by stakeholders in education. Entrepreneurship education is capital intensive, and if ...

  14. Exports and economic growth in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Goodly Otto

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Nigeria is an oil dependent economy, over 90 per cent of its exports receipts in recent years flow from petroleum but this sector is currently affected by local challenges, which include insecurity, oil thefts, sabotage and an unfriendly operational environment. These challenges are generating loses for the major producers and encouraging capital flight but amidst this situation, the economy is said to be having an impressive growth. This paradox informed this research. The study was designed to see the nexus between exports and economic growth in Nigeria. Using data from the Central Bank of Nigeria spanning 1980-2011, the study with the aid of OLS regression analysis found a strong relationship between Exports and economic growth in Nigeria. Nigeria will be better served if it diversifies its export base. It must also create structures that lead to better redistribution of export incomes within the local economy.

  15. Ethnicity, Federalism and Revenue Allocation in a Democratic Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Recurrent violence in the oil-rich Niger Delta region poses a growing threat to Nigeria\\'s new democracy. Many believe that only a genuine federal system based on a fair fiscal policy can resolve the Niger Delta dilemma and safeguard Nigeria\\'s democracy. Africa Insight Vol.34(2/3) 2004: 23-30 ...

  16. Tuberculous Lymphadenitis in South-Eastern Nigeria; a 15 Years ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Departments of Morbid Anatomy and 2Hematology and Immunology, University of Nigeria Enugu Campus,. Enugu/University of Nigeria ... of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Ituku‑Ozalla Enugu, Nigeria. Results: One ..... Narasimhan P, Wood J, MacIntyre CR, Mathai D. Risk factors for tuberculosis.

  17. ALGUNOS ASPECTOS A CONSIDERAR SOBRE LA SEXUALIDAD DEL ADULTO MAYOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zoila Edith Hernández Zamora

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available La presente investigación expone, a partir de una serie de entrevistas realizadas a una muestra de adultos mayores, aspectos relativos a la satisfacción general en la vida, así como las actitudes, conocimientos y prácticas de la sexualidad de un grupo de adultos mayores que asisten regularmente a una estancia diurna de la ciudad de Xalapa, Veracruz, México, misma que fue diseñada especialmente para este grupo etario. Se encontraron diferencias estadísticamente significativas entre la actitud hacia el ejercicio de la sexualidad de las personas mayores entre los hombres y las mujeres de la muestra, y entre .las personas que tienen pareja con relación a las que no tienen; así como que hay una diferencia estadísticamente significativa entre aquellas personas que tiene una o ninguna enfermedad y las que tienen dos o más enfermedades con respecto a su frecuencia de actividad sexual. Es de resaltar la escasez de conocimientos sobre aspectos básicos de la sexualidad que poseen estas personas mayores, lo que hace necesario el establecimiento de programas educativos que incluyan al personal de salud y a los mismos senectos.

  18. Hemangiomas cavernosos do cranio: aspectos clinicos, radiologicos e terapeuticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. Kirchhoff

    1977-12-01

    Full Text Available São discutidos os aspectos relativos ao diagnóstico e tratamento dos hemangiomas cavernosos do crânio. Os dados obtidos em 26 casos, são apresentados, sendo salientado que a localização dos hemangiomas foi maior na região frontal, sendo mais atingido o sexo masculino. Os outros aspectos são coincidentes com os demais autores. A problemática desses tumores, principalmente a sua demonstração radiológica e o seu tratamento, são ressaltados, chegando-se à conclusão final de que o melhor meio de demonstração radiológica é a punção para contrastação direta do tumor. O tratamento de escolha é o cirúrgico, sendo a extirpação em bloco preferida nos casos de comprometimento ósseo importante, sendo a intervenção direta com dissecção e excisão reservada para as localizações nos tecidos moles ou com mínima participação óssea.

  19. Effect of Customer Loyalty on Nigeria Mobile Telecom Operators: Case of MTN Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Williams, Taiwo A

    2012-01-01

    Abstract Customer loyalty has been a subject of investigation for many years in the service industry in the more developed countries of the world and in the academic circles with its importance to business success being understood by managers. The purpose of this paper is to establish how customer satisfaction impacts loyalty amongst subscribers of telecommunications services in Nigeria specifically looking at one of the first Mobile communications companies in Nigeria (MTN Nigeria). F...

  20. BOOK APPRAISAL: HISTORY OF DENTISTRY IN NIGERIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, O S

    2016-06-01

    The book appraised in this edition of Chronicles of Medical History, History of Dentistry in Nigeria, is a product of many years of painstaking research. The Author, Professor Eyitope Ogunbodede, has put together an excellent book that is a great work of art. Dentistry is one of the first specialties in medicine with a very long history; evidence of periodontal disease has been traced back to at least 100, 000 years in human remains. However, the book by Professor Ogunbodede is the first comprehensive record of the History of dentistry in Nigeria. It is a must-read for every medical professional practicing in Nigeria and a worthy addition to every library.

  1. Alguns aspectos sobre a automação residencial

    OpenAIRE

    Teza, Vanderlei Rabelo

    2002-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro Tecnológico. Programa de Pós-graduação em Ciência da Computação O presente trabalho trás à tona a praticidade que a informática proporciona para a humanidade, no qual propicia auxílio em áreas específicas, mas que propicia conforto e uma variedade de funções na residência do futuro, assim essa Dissertação intitulada "Alguns Aspectos sobre a Automação Residencial - Domótica", descreve os principais protocolos utilizados...

  2. Aspectos legales al utilizar las principales redes sociales en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Adolfo Alvarado Carmona

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Se analizaron los aspectos legales al utilizar las dos principales redes sociales en Colombia como los son facebook y twitter. Cuando un usuario se conecta a cualquiera de las redes sociales debe hacerlo de forma responsable porque de lo contrario puede incurrir en la violación de la normatividad Colombiana en la cual se encuentran los delitos informáticos, la protección de la información y los datos, injuria y calumnia, ciberacoso y derechos de autor. Se determinaron los problemas que conllevan cuando no se utiliza bien la información en las redes sociales en el ámbito jurídico.

  3. Amamentação-aspectos antropológicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selma Campestrini

    1992-12-01

    Full Text Available O estudo é resultado de pesquisa bibliográfica, de pesquisa "in loco" com lactantes e de experiência profissional. A autora analisa aspectos antropológicos da amamentação e revela que grande número de nutrizes demonstra conhecimento empírico emergente de sua herança sócio-cultural, no período da lactação; proibições escrupulosas sem justificativas ou fundamentos deixam as nutrizes indecisas quanto ao que "tem que fazer" e o que "não pode fazer", as inúmeras superstições e crenças, que envolvem a amamentação, carecem ser conhecidas e aceitas pelos enfermeiros com risco de gerar choque cultural na sociedade e, conseqüentemente, desestímulo ao aleitamento materno.

  4. Cefaleia em salvas: aspectos clinicos e terapeuticos em 26 casos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wilson Luiz Sanvito

    1980-12-01

    Full Text Available Vinte e seis casos de cefaléia-em-salvas são estudados do ponto de vista clínico e terapêutico. Nos aspectos clínicos são ressaltados a dramaticidade deste tipo de cefaléia, o nítido predomínio no sexo masculino, a média de idade dos pacientes, a presença de manifestações associadas e os fatores desencadeantes das crises nos períodos suscetíveis. Do ponto de vista terapêutico três esquemas medicamentosos foram utilizados: maleato de metisergida, prednisona e associação de ambas as drogas. Em 88,3% dos casos um resultado significativo foi alcançado, traduzido por melhora ou abolição das crises.

  5. Jeroky Mbaekua - aspectos da etnoarte indígena.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oseias de Oliveira

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available A idéia de arte compartilhada na cultura ocidental tradicionalmente tem sido entendida a partir de elementos conceituais e categorizações que não podem ser aplicados na cultura indígena. Assim, considerar a arte indígena significa observar sua complexidade, de forma a perpassar todas as instâncias da vida desses sujeitos. Desta forma, o texto busca discutir aspectos da etnoarte indígena que não é focada em uma noção de arte centralizada e homogeneizadora mas, sim atenta à uma perspectiva que busca contemplar melhor o seu modo de construção de símbolos, significados e representações culturais.

  6. La Entomofagia en México. Algunos aspectos culturales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Felipe Carlos Viesca González

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo se abordan aspectos culturales del consumo de insectos con fines alimenticios en México y el mundo; particularmente se analiza la entomofagia en la época prehispánica y nuestros días, así como las causas por las cuales ha disminuido el consumo de estos artrópodos. Se explica porqué se ha creado una aversión hacia los insectos en diversos países y algunas regiones de México. Se reflexiona acerca del valor nutritivo de los insectos y las distintas culturas que han hecho posible que sobreviva esta práctica culinaria en el centro y sur del territorio nacional, algunas formas de preparar platillos basados en insectos, así como los problemas que enfrenta actualmente esta costumbre alimenticia entre los mexicanos y sus perspectivas.

  7. Globalisation, Economic Reforms and Democracy in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    chifaou.amzat

    2013-03-06

    the third is the provision of ..... debt concessions to Nigeria on account of its persistent implementation of the reforms embodied in the ..... Determining disputes as to the amount of compensation payable under this Act for the ...

  8. Towards Improved Human Resource Development In Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Towards Improved Human Resource Development In Nigeria: Challenges And Prospects. ... Journal of Research in National Development ... Consequently, the paper recommended; improved investment in education, implementable policies on human resource development, involvement of private organization in human ...

  9. Koranic education and militant Islam in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winters, Clyde Ahmad

    1987-06-01

    In this article the author outlines and discusses the influence of Koranic schools, and their students ( almagiri) on the rise of fundamentalism and the spreading of militant Islam in Northern Nigeria. The author contends that while Islamic fundamentalism is the banner of both the Western-oriented Muslims and traditional Nigerian Muslims, it differs in expression in Northern Nigeria. The article shows that these differences result from the influence of the Koranic schools on the traditional teachers ( ulama) and their students on the one hand, and Western universities, Wahhabi Arabs, and Western-oriented teachers and their students on the other. The origins of the Koranic school curriculum in Nigeria, the training of traditional Muslim teachers, and the lifestyle of the students are discussed. The author shows how certain socialization patterns found in the Koranic schools and `almagiri' system seem congruent with the political attitudes and values stressed by spokesmen of militant Islamic sects in Northern Nigeria.

  10. Renewable Energy Development in Nigeria: More than ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. To revamp the current energy supply system, this paper opines that Nigeria should embrace a new paradigm of global environmental sensitivity that includes the development of renewable and alternative energy sources ...

  11. Nigeria Agricultural Journal - Vol 38 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Plectranthus esculentus), Hausa potato (Selenosterum rotundifolius) and Tumeric (Curcuma longa) in Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. ON Eke-Okoro, AO Olojede, C Nwadili, 24-30.

  12. Female genital mutilation in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mandara, M U

    2004-03-01

    To determine the prevalence and distribution of female genital mutilation (FGM) procedures in a Nigerian population. Five hundred consecutive women were evaluated for evidence of FGM. The WHO classification system was utilized. Demographic and sociocultural information was collected. Thirty-four percent of women were found to have some type of FGM. Type I and Type II procedures were the most common. Fifty-five percent of women were unaware they had FGM and 62% with FGM did not know the reason. Twenty-one percent of women said they were going to have FGM on their daughters. FGM is still broadly practiced among ethnic and religious groups in Nigeria. Educational efforts need to be directed at eliminating this practice.

  13. Religion in Nigeria -- Hope or Despair?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-02

    Christian faiths, the two major religions in the country that account for well over 90% of the population, and make it “a prototypical test case in...FINAL 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Religion in Nigeria – Hope or Despair? 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER...the religious strife and separating religion from violent acts. 15. SUBJECT TERMS Nigeria, Religion , Muslim, Islam, Christianity 16. SECURITY

  14. Adoption practices in Enugu, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aniebue, P N; Aniebue, U U

    2008-03-01

    The study of the pattern and outcome of adoptions in Enugu, Nigeria in order to determine the challenges in the emerging adoption practice in the state. A retrospective analysis of adoption practices in Enugu Nigeria based on data from the National women's Commission. The National Women's Commission is the statutory body responsible for the documentation and follow-up of adoption in Enugu State. The characteristics of adopters and adoptees, types of adoption, prevalence and outcome of the adoptions between January 1991 and December 2001 were examined. Percentages were used for descriptive statistics and student's t-test for comparing means at 5% significance levels. There were sixty-one adoptions in the eleven-year period giving a prevalence of 5.5 adoptions per year. Eighteen (29.5%) kinship adoptions and 43 (70.5%) adoptions of abandoned babies and children were recorded. The mean age of the adoptees was 4.2 years and 33.3% of them were 5 years and above. All adopters were Nigerians but 32.0% of them resided overseas. The commonest age range at adoption was 4-49 years and the peak duration of marriage prior to adoption was 15-19 years. Most adopters (84.9%) had at least secondary school education. No adoption was annulled and there was no recorded death of adoptees. Post care monitoring was found to be incomprehensive. The growing practice of adoption in Enugu is laudable but post adoption care is poor. Emphasis on post adoption care is vital in developing countries where complex social and logistic factors militate against it. In infertility management early institution of counseling on adoption would allow couples ample time for decision making and preparation for adoption, as well as encourage adoption when couples are still young.

  15. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    The GC/MS charts are as shown in Figures. 1 and Figure 2. There is a peak at about 14 minutes with a mass of 220 in figure 2, (for TGX 1019-2EB). This is the stabilizer (2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylphenol), in diethyl ether. Table 2: Comparative Summary of the Number of GC Peaks and their Rf Values. Sample. No. No. of peaks.

  16. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    attenuation properties. KEYWORDS: solid waste, ground water, vadose zone, conservative tracer, attenuation. INTRODUCTION. Leachate is a liquid that results from water contaminants as it trickles through waste, agricultural pesticides or fertilizers, (Federal Environmental. Protection Agency, 1991). There is health hazard.

  17. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    given population without control measure, the second include a control measure, and the third divides the population into adults and children with a control measure. The last model is considered the best model for the malaria infection in a growing population with control measure. KEYWORDS: Modeling malaria infection, ...

  18. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    SPSS statistical package was used to deseasolnalise the data and determine its trend. Both raw data and deseasonalised data were used to examine long term trends and both show some level of increase in rainfall of about 1.9mm and 300mm respectively. The results also show that rainfall has highly pronounced season.

  19. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    KEYWORDS: cockerels, HCL, pH, performance, physiological response. INTRODUCTION. The value of feed affects the course of digestion in the alimentary canal due to gastric acid secretion to lower the pH of the digesta. A low pH is important for several reasons. First, pepsin, the proteolytic enzyme of the stomach is only ...

  20. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    bit settings as non negative integers is the binary number system. In this system each bit position represents a power of 2. The right most bit position represents 20, which equals 1, the next position to the left represents 21, which equals 2; the next bit position represent 22, which equals 4 and so on. An integer is represented ...

  1. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    Effects of crude oil on recruitment of epibenthic organisms in Cross River estuary were studied in February and. March ... to crude oil pollution as a result of reduced wave action and tidal ... S. U. Okon, Department of Marine Biology, Institute of Oceanography, University of Calabar, P. M. B. 1115 Calabar, Cross River. State ...

  2. Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    INTRODUCTION case of animals closely confined, often results in the development of pica. Allotrophagia or pica refers to the Chronic abdominal pain due to ingestion of materials other than normal peritonitis, gastritis and central nervous food and has been variously defined to system disturbances including rabies and.

  3. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    Effect of ginger extracts on gasoline associated immunotoxicities in wistar rats was studied. Fifteen wistar rats were randomly assigned into three study groups. Group 1 was the control, while groups 2 and 3 received daily treatment by inhalation of gasoline vapour. The animals in group3 were also treated with 100mg ...

  4. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    methods. The mean(±SD) serum sodium, potassium, chloride and bicarbonate concentrations were 142.15±15.16,. 5.17±1.04, 98.50±11.22 and 26.55±8.17 mEq/L respectively while the mean (±SD) systolic and diastolic blood pressure were 117.67±11.75 and 73.21±9.64 mm/Hg respectively. The mean blood pressure ...

  5. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    KEYWORDS: Confidence interval, random effects model, residual error variance, treatment variance, treatment mean square, error mean square. 1.0. INTRODUCTION. The random effects model is employed in an experimental situation in which levels of a factor are randomly selected from a large number of possible levels.

  6. nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rose

    AMA (Agencia de Medio Ambiente de Andalucia, Spain),. 1992. Determinacion del contenido de pesticides en agues y de metales en organismo vivos (. Determining the pesticide content in waters and the metal content in living organisms). Seville,. Spain Ed. AMA, 55-67. Biney, C.A., 1991. Trace metal levels in fish from.

  7. Party Discipline and the Electoral Process in Nigeria\\'s Fourth ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Given the fact that the most important institution in a democracy is the political party, the paper appraises the degree to which discipline is maintained among party members and the impact of this on governance in Nigeria\\'s Fourth Republic. It is evident in the paper that party discipline is at the low ebb in the Fourth Republic ...

  8. Tillandsia recurvata L. (Bromeliaceae: aspectos farmacognósticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alex Lucena de Vasconcelos

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A cobertura superior das florestas tropicais, formada pelas copas das árvores, constitui um ambiente de extrema diversidade vegetal. Contribuindo com a grande riqueza dessas florestas encontram-se as espécies botânicas epífitas, cuja importância pode ser observada do ponto de vista ecológico, faunístico, etnobotânico e até mesmo farmacológico. Dentre as espécies adaptadas à vida epifítica podemos citar as bromeliáceas, que compõem uma das famílias mais representativas dessa flora com elevada variabilidade genética. Tillandsia recurvata é uma espécie epífita cosmopolita, nativa, adaptada a habitats áridos, utilizada para o tratamento de diversas doenças, mas pouco se tem publicado a respeito das comprovações científicas de suas propriedades. O presente trabalho revisa os aspectos etnofarmacológicos, atividades biológicas e compostos químicos relacionados à espécie em questão, pertencente à Bromeliaceae. A partir do levantamento de dados realizado, observa-se que esta se trata de uma espécie de conhecido uso popular no tratamento de diferentes distúrbios, com alguns estudos farmacológicos que comprovam suas propriedades terapêuticas. Do ponto de vista químico observa-se a presença de terpenos, flavonoides e derivados cinâmicos em sua constituição, em que alguns compostos isolados ilustram a potencialidade desta espécie como fonte de biomoléculas de interesse. Todos estes aspectos considerados nesta revisão contribuem para o conhecimento a respeito da importância biológica e o potencial terapêutico acerca dos metabólitos desta promissora espécie.

  9. Afinal, existe algum aspecto positivo no modelo da Escola Tradicional?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Henrique Protetti

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available

    O artigo apresenta elementos de reflexão sobre o campo da educação escolar, relativo às distintas teorias pedagógicas e suas concepções sobre o processo do trabalho educativo. Objetiva-se compreender a relação entre o modelo pedagógico da Escola Tradicional e o debate existente com outras perspectivas pedagógicas, na procura de responder a questão que corresponde ao título do artigo: afinal, existe algum aspecto positivo no modelo pedagógico da Escola Tradicional? Inicialmente, realiza-se a exposição do modelo pedagógico da Escola Tradicional, na definição dos elementos singulares do seu método de ensino. No segundo momento, investigam-se as diferentes críticas recebidas pela Escola Tradicional por meio da exemplificação de duas teorias pedagógicas, Escola Nova e Pedagogia das Competências, com a intenção de identificar as características comuns que envolvem ambas as críticas, a partir da tese que versa sobre a existência de “pedagogias negativas”, a negação de tudo aquilo a que se refere à Educação Tradicional. Finalmente procura-se responder através desta investigação a seguinte questão: a partir da consideração de que todas as críticas recebidas figuram a Escola Tradicional como um modelo pedagógico atrasado e anacrônico, será possível a existências de algum aspecto positivo nesta concepção de trabalho educativo?

  10. Psicopatología descriptiva : aspectos cualitativos y cuantitativos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Germán E. Berrios

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo se discuten algunos aspectos que afectan a la comprensión y al funcionamiento de la psicopatología descriptiva (PD, la cual proporciona un lenguaje descriptivo a la psiquiatría y las bases para sus constructos nosológicos. La PD formula postulados sobre la naturaleza de su objeto de estudio y sus causas subyacentes (haciendo uso del modelo médico. Se propone que la PD necesita una recalibración histórica, clínica y numérica. En relación a esto, se sugiere que en algunos casos, en contra de los principios psicométricos tradicionales, ciertos instrumentos deberán ser construidos de un modo flexible que permita que varíen de acuerdo a las necesidades descriptivas que presenten casos individuales. This paper deals with some of the issues that affect the understanding and functioning of descriptive psychopathology (DP. The latter remains the language of description in psychiatry and the basis for her nosological constructs. DP makes assumptions concerning the nature of its object and its underlying causes (i.e. makes use of the medical model. DP needs historical, clinical and numerical recalibration. It is suggested that in some cases, and against traditional psychometric principles, some instruments will have to be constructed that show flexibility and can be varied according to the descriptive needs presented by individual cases.

  11. Aspectos económicos del aislamiento acústico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amarilla, Beatriz C.

    1990-12-01

    Full Text Available The general objective of this study was to analyze the soundproofing/cost ratio with different building alternatives for interior walls and floors. This technical-economic study was divided into three parts: — Dividing walls (environmental noises — Floors (impact noises — Special Solutions (double walls, floating floors, etcetera The results show that in developing countries the most costly solutions are not always the best for housing, as far as soundproofing is concerned. A good knowledge of the economic aspects related to this matter allows obtaining a good quality at a moderate cost, which is a priority in this type of country.

    El objetivo general de este trabajo fue el de analizar el comportamiento de la relación costo-aislamiento acústico en soluciones constructivas alternativas para muros interiores y entrepisos. Este estudio técnico-económico comprende tres partes: * Muros divisorios (ruidos aéreos. * Entrepisos (ruidos de impacto. * Soluciones especiales (muros de doble hoja, pisos flotantes, etc. Se llega a la conclusión que, en los países en desarrollo, no siempre las mejores soluciones para la vivienda, desde el punto de vista acústico, son las de mayor costo. Conocer en profundidad los aspectos económicos de esta cuestión significa poder lograr una buena calidad con costos moderados, lo cual constituye una prioridad en este tipo de países.

  12. Revisão: Aspectos gerais das bacteriocinas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayara Baptistucci OGAKI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Resumo Bacteriocinas são peptídeos antimicrobianos sintetizados nos ribossomos, tendo sido descrita uma grande diversidade de bacteriocinas, as quais diferem entre si quanto a composição de aminoácidos, biossíntese, transporte e modo de ação. Nos alimentos, as bacteriocinas podem ser encontradas naturalmente como produtos da microbiota normal ou introduzida (cultura starter ou probióticos. Devido às suas aplicabilidades frente a organismos patogênicos contaminantes em alimentos, vários estudos têm sido publicados, tornando o uso destes peptídeos uma alternativa aos conservantes químicos tradicionais. Considerando-se as propriedades das bacteriocinas e sua potencial aplicação como bioconservadores de alimentos e alternativa aos antibióticos, o presente estudo busca acercar-se de uma visão geral das bacteriocinas quanto aos aspectos históricos, sistemas de classificação, biossíntese e transporte, modo de ação, abordando também algumas de suas aplicações na indústria de alimentos.

  13. Aspectos emocionales del paciente crítico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lucio A. Martha

    1998-12-01

    Full Text Available

    This paper analyzes the emotional answer of the people we call "critical patient", the relationship between nurse-patient is the most significant point of view and the influence of this relationship in the mental state of both; a special reference is made to the connotation of the "patient" and "critical" term and the emotional expression of comfort or discomfort.

    El presente ensayo es un análisis sobre las respuestas emocionales y en general las actitudes de aquellas personas a quienes llamamos "pacientes críticos", el aspecto novedoso consiste en que su mirada se hace desde la relación paciente-cuidador y en como ésta influye en los comportamientos de los involucrados; igualmente busca reflexionar acerca de las connotaciones que los vocablos "paciente" y "crítico" imprimen al manejo de la relación y como consecuencia al bien-estar o mal-estar de la persona enferma.

  14. Aspectos imunológicos da Leishmaniose Cutis Difusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloysio Argollo

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available Um caso de Leishmaniose Cutis Difusa é estudado quanto aos seus aspectos imunológicos. A imunidade celular foi investigada com testes intradérmicos, sensibilização artificia! do DNCB e dosagem de fator de inibição do macrófago (MIF. Embora alguns antígenos injetados tivessem dado reação positiva, a leishmanina foi não reatora evidenciando uma anergia específica. As imunoglobulinas G e M estavam elevadas. 0 encontro de anticorpos circulantes por alguns autores associando ao fato de que o complemento C3 era baixo em nosso paciente, levou-nos a considerar o consumo deste que fixado a complexos Ag-Ac circulantes poderiam explicar os surtos de febre e artralgias. Por fim são considerados os pontos de vista de autores diferentes em relação ao fato de que a LCD seria causada por espécie diferente de leishmânia, ou por defeito imunológico do paciente, destacando-se o trabalho de Convit³ em favor desta útlima hipótese.

  15. Islamic Banking in Nigeria: Prospects and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Olawumi Dabor

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available Islamic banking is consistent with the principles of Sharia which prohibits acceptance of interest on loans. Islamic finance has increasingly become a significant source of finance in the Western world, especially in the United Kingdom, despite the regulatory hurdles presented before it non-Muslim financial environment. The Nigerian state has also joined the other nations to establish Islamic banking against all hurdles, misconstrued and initial misconception of what Islamic bank stand for. The objective of this study is to ascertain the benefits and challenges facing the growth of Islamic banking in the Nigeria. Nigeria is said not to the hub of Islamic banking and does not naturally have the inbuilt instruments needed for Islamic finance due to its multi-religious nature. This study employed primary data via administering of questionnaire. Two hundred copies of questionnaire were distributed to prospective customers of Islamic banking and non-customers of Islamic banking residing in four geo-political zones in Nigeria. Our data were analyzed by employing Z-test statistical technique and chi-square statistical technique. The result showed that lack of awareness and customers’ preference for conventional banks and traditional money lenders are the major challenges facing the growth of Islamic banking in Nigeria. Our result further showed that poverty alleviation and job creation are the major benefits that will be derived from Islamic in Nigeria. Finally, the study reveals that there are greater opportunities for Nigeria the development and growth of Islamic financial system because most commercial bank customers are eager to switch from the convention banking (exhortative system to take financial products that are interest free. The study recommended both Muslim and non- Muslim communities should be educated on the mission statement of Islamic bank and what they stand to gain from Islamic bank. The study also recommended that Islamic banking

  16. Tax incentives and Made in Nigeria goods | Somorin | Economic and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Made in Nigeria” concept and Companies that engage in made in Nigeria goods. It will explore how tax incentives can accelerate the growth of companies engaged in manufacturing of such made in Nigeria goods. From this paper, written ...

  17. Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: About this journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: About this journal. Journal Home > Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: About this journal. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  18. Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Site Map

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Site Map. Journal Home > About the Journal > Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Site Map. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  19. Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Journal Sponsorship

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Journal Sponsorship. Journal Home > About the Journal > Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: Journal Sponsorship. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  20. Archives: Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 6 of 6 ... Archives: Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics. Journal Home > Archives: Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  1. Heavy metal contamination of selected spices obtained from Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    info and www.bioline.org.br/ja. Heavy metal contamination of selected spices obtained from Nigeria ... rhizome) from a major market in Northern Nigeria were determined using atomic absorption ..... sensitive humans (WHO, 1999b). Food is the ...

  2. The Ethics of Government Privatisation in Nigeria | Etieyibo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    owned enterprises (SOEs) by the Federal Government of Nigeria (FGN) is ethical. Towards this end, it employs an analytic methodology to undertake a conceptual examination of the divesture of Nigeria's SOEs by the FGN. The paper's findings are ...

  3. Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: About this journal

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: About this journal. Journal Home > Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: About this journal. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  4. Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: Site Map

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: Site Map. Journal Home > About the Journal > Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria: Site Map. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  5. Archives: Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 18 of 18 ... Archives: Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria. Journal Home > Archives: Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  6. Nigeria's Satellite Programme Development: Prospects and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinyede, Joseph

    Nigeria's desire to maximize the benefits of space technology for its sustainable development, has become a reality with the establishment of the National Space Research and Development Agency (NASRDA) in May 1999 and the approval of the national Space Policy and Programmes in July 2001. In November, 2000, the Federal Government took a bold step with the signing of an agreement with the Surrey Satellite Technology Limited (SSTL) of United Kingdom (UK) for the design, construction and launch of a medium resolution micro-satellite - NigeriaSat-1 with a Ground Sampling Distance of thirty-two (32) meters. The agreement also covers the Know-How-Technology-Training (KHTT) to Nigerian Engineers and Scientists for a period of 18th months at SSTL‘s facility in the U.K.. NigeriaSat-1 was successfully launched into Leo Earth Orbit on 27th September, 2003. NigeriaSat- 1 is one of the five (5) satellites belonging to Nigeria, Algeria, Turkey, United Kingdom and China being operated in a Disaster Monitoring Constellation (DMC). The launch of NigeriaSat-1 has promoted access to information which has become a strategy for mass socio-economic development, as information underscores all developmental effort be it in education, provision of health services, marketing, construction industry, tourism, defense, etc. As a follow-up to the successful launch of NigeriaSat-1, the government of Nigeria started the implementation of a Nigerian communication satellite (NigcomSat-1) to address the problem of communication which is the greatest drawbacks to the socio-economic development of the country, particularly in the areas of rural telephone, tele-education, tele-medicine, egovernment, e-commerce and real-time monitoring services. NigcomSat-1, which carries 40- hybrid transponders in the C, KU, KA and L bands, has a 15 years life span and coverage of the African continent, Middle East and part of Europe was launched in May 2007. To satisfy geospatial data needs in sectors such as survey

  7. Economical Utilization of Associated Gas in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lukman Obayopo Alimi

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Oil production is often accompanied by associated natural gas as valuable by-product of oil processing. Large amount of this vital energy component is flared during these processes, mostly in developing countries. For a longer period of time more gas is flares in Nigeria than anywhere else in Africa and second to Russian in the world, with daily estimates of roughly 2.5 billion cubic feet. This is equivalent to around 40% of all Africa´s natural gas consumption, and annual financial loss to Nigeria is about 1.8 billion Euros. Gas flaring contributes to major environmental pollution problems, which affects oil producing areas of the Niger Delta in Nigeria. This research attempts to look into the environmental issues in the region and proposes possible solutions, with recommendations that will contribute to improve associated gas utilization. This study describes gas to liquid (GTL conversion technology as a sustainable option to utilize associated gas in Nigeria, and also evaluates the economic attractiveness of the process. This conversion technology could contribute to total elimination of gas flaring and reduces the overdependence on importation of refined products (petrol, diesel and kerosene from foreign countries into Nigeria.

  8. The Incidence of Abortion in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bankole, Akinrinola; Adewole, Isaac F; Hussain, Rubina; Awolude, Olutosin; Singh, Susheela; Akinyemi, Joshua O

    2015-12-01

    Because of Nigeria's low contraceptive prevalence, a substantial number of women have unintended pregnancies, many of which are resolved through clandestine abortion, despite the country's restrictive abortion law. Up-to-date estimates of abortion incidence are needed. A widely used indirect methodology was used to estimate the incidence of abortion and unintended pregnancy in Nigeria in 2012. Data on provision of abortion and postabortion care were collected from a nationally representative sample of 772 health facilities, and estimates of the likelihood that women who have unsafe abortions experience complications and obtain treatment were collected from 194 health care professionals with a broad understanding of the abortion context in Nigeria. An estimated 1.25 million induced abortions occurred in Nigeria in 2012, equivalent to a rate of 33 abortions per 1,000 women aged 15-49. The estimated unintended pregnancy rate was 59 per 1,000 women aged 15-49. Fifty-six percent of unintended pregnancies were resolved by abortion. About 212,000 women were treated for complications of unsafe abortion, representing a treatment rate of 5.6 per 1,000 women of reproductive age, and an additional 285,000 experienced serious health consequences but did not receive the treatment they needed. Levels of unintended pregnancy and unsafe abortion continue to be high in Nigeria. Improvements in access to contraceptive services and in the provision of safe abortion and postabortion care services (as permitted by law) may help reduce maternal morbidity and mortality.

  9. Characterization of tinnitus in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sogebi, Olusola Ayodele

    2013-08-01

    This study aimed to characterize tinnitus in middle aged and elderly out-patients attending a specialized clinic in a developing country. A cross sectional study of patients attending the ear, nose and throat (ENT) clinic of Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital, OOUTH Sagamu, Nigeria. Data was collected with the use of a structured questionnaire. Data collected included socio demographics, medical history including experience of tinnitus, PTAs, BMI and BP. Data was analyzed using SPSS version 17.0. 79 patients had complaints of tinnitus thus making a crude prevalence of 14.5%, the prevalence increased steadily along the age groups. 51.9% of patients experienced tinnitus for a short period. 53.2% of the patients had symptoms referable to only one ear, while 54.4% had discrete as opposed to multiple types of tinnitus. Occurrence of intermittent symptoms was experienced by 75.9% of the patients and 70.9% were non-pulsatile in nature. Tinnitus was significantly associated with abnormal audiographic pattern, global increased hearing thresholds, high tone hearing loss, vertigo, hypertension and obesity. Tinnitus character was majorly short term, unilateral, discrete, intermittent, and non-pulsatile in nature, and it is associated with otological, audiological, anthropometric and cardiovascular anomalies. The characteristics of tinnitus in Nigerian patients were similar to those described in developed countries, but the major risk factors for tinnitus except hearing impairment, may be different from the latter. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Blaney-Morin-Nigeria (BMN) Evapotranspiration Model (A Technical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Duru [1] presented a modified form of the Blaney-Morin potential evapotranspiration equation christened Blaney-Morin- Nigeria (BMN) Evapotranspiration (ET) model for use in Nigeria. In this work, Duru recognize the very wide variability of relative humidity in Nigeria and consequently the very important role this parameter ...

  11. Challenges of Nigeria's foreign policy | Enuka | AFRREV IJAH: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria's foreign policy like those of every other elsewhere, is hoped to achieve for the benefit of Nigeria and Nigerians, the aspired goals and articulated interests of the Nigerian state. This expectation, by the judgment of many informed Nigerians, is yet to be fully realized. Nigeria's foreign policy inter alia, has failed to work ...

  12. Rural Urban Interaction to Cope with Climate Change (Nigeria ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Rural Urban Interaction to Cope with Climate Change (Nigeria). This project aims to reduce the vulnerability of rural-urban systems in Nigeria to climate change by sharing the results generated from a pilot project conducted in and around the city of Aba, Southeastern Nigeria. The project team will help the Aba Committee of ...

  13. Ethnic Conflict and Democracy in Nigeria: The Marginalisation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the issue of ethnic conflicts and their implications for democracy in Nigeria. Ethnic conflict and distrust is identified as the bane of former democratic experiments in Nigeria. Moreover, since the late 1980s, ethnicity in Nigeria has assumed disturbing new dimensions. The most crucial of these are the ...

  14. Effects of book piracy on publishing in Nigeria | Ahmadu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the effects of book piracy on publishing in Nigeria. Three research questions were formulated as thus: what are the causes of book piracy in Nigeria? What types of books are being pirated? What are the effects of book piracy on book business in Nigeria? Survey research method was used for this ...

  15. BOOK REVIEW: Democracy and Political Life in Nigeria | Wilson ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In this review of Victor Dike's book - \\"Democracy and Political Life in Nigeria\\", Inam Wilson underscores the author's attempts to draw a connection between Nigeria's chequered political history and her present economic trajectory to explain why Nigeria is today facing numerous sociopolitical and economic challenges, ...

  16. Ethnicity: A threat to Nigeria's security and development | Nweke ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The negative implications of ethnicity to national security and development are enormous. This paper interrogates ethnicity as the major hindrance to Nigeria.s security and development. The paper unveils the role of the constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria in strengthening ethnicity and calls for a constitutional ...

  17. Some Current Challenges to Nigeria's Foreign Policy Projections ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It raises and analyses some of the challenges confronting Nigeria's foreign policy projection, and examines the possible options that are available to guide Nigeria's foreign policy direction in future, in an attempt to overcome these challenges, bearing in mind Nigeria's goal and aspirations to continue to play a global foreign ...

  18. Separation of powers in Nigeria: an anatomy of power ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It also examined the practice in the Nigerian polity vis-à-vis some other jurisdictions of the powers of government across the three arms of government in Nigeria. Some recommendations that will uplift the law and practice of separated powers in Nigeria were made. Keywords: Separation of Powers, Nigeria, Convergences, ...

  19. Incidence Of Poverty In Nigeria: Causes And Consequences ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    At the turn of 21st century, after nearly forty eight years of Independence, Nigeria is by all standard of measurement, a very poor country. Poverty is wide and deep in Nigeria. This paper therefore, examines the incidence of poverty in Nigeria, causes and consequences. Much of the problems which created poverty is ...

  20. Factors affecting oil palm production in Ondo state of Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sola

    This has resulted in scarcity and high cost of palm products and palm oil. ... the major products of oil palm, were once very vital to Nigeria's export trade as Nigeria ..... Ltd. pp. 10-14. Anyawu, A.C; Anyawu, B.O and Anyawu,V.A (1982). A Textbook of Agriculture for School. Certificate. 4 th. Edition, Nsukka, Nigeria: Africana ...

  1. Public Sector Pension Reform in Nigeria: A Historical Perspective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper examines the public sector pension reform in Nigeria. Dressed in a historical form it traces the origin of pension in Nigeria, which dates back to the Colonial Nigeria. In particular, the paper unveils the roots of the crisis which made reform inevitable. Also an x-ray of the 2004 pension reform features was ...

  2. Potentials of Microalgae Biodiesel Production in Nigeria | Ogbonna ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is high potential for largescale production of biodiesel from microalgae in Nigeria. Establishment of biodiesel production industries in Nigeria will have positive effects on socio-economic development of the country. It has been estimated that Nigeria currently needs about 27 thousand barrels of biodiesel per day to be ...

  3. Communication Satellite: Nigeria's Efforts at Bridging Digital Divide ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines Nigeria's technological efforts so far at bridging the Digital Divide through communication Satellite. This discourse focuses on the uses and challenges of Satellite communication in Nigeria. The paper relies on secondary data to explore the fate of Nigeria nation in the era of digital divide and ...

  4. Proliferation of cyber insecurity in Nigeria: a root cause analysis ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    With increasing access to internet and online resources in Nigeria, an exponential increase is observed in the rate of cybercrimes in Nigeria. Cybercrime rates increase geometrically, hence, giving Nigeria notoriety as a nation with a highly insecure cyberspace, the study aimed at identifying the root cause of the increase in ...

  5. Entrepreneurship Education and Graduates Unemployment in Oyo State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Emunemu, B. O.; Kasali, O. J.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated entrepreneurship and graduates' unemployment in Nigeria.The problem of unemployment in Nigeria has become endemic. There have been reported cases of under-employment, seasonal, casual and full blown unemployment. Previous studies on unemployment and factors influencing it in Nigeria identify poor educational standards,…

  6. Cuatro aspectos del sector construcción, en Cuba

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salas, Julián

    1983-09-01

    Full Text Available Under the common title of «Four Aspects of the Construction Sector in Cuba», we gather some other works, to a certain extent different in theme and focus, but which globally may help to outline both the present level of the technical development of the construction sector and its potential installed. There is described in the «Technical Center of Construction and Materials», which is a basic institution and one which promotes the technological development of the sector. In another work are reviewed the construction systems employed in Cuba, both autochthonous and foreign, as these systems are the basis and support of Cuban construction. In the third place there is reproduced a punctual aspect of the research work being carried out in ICIDCA (Research Center of the élite of Cuba; it deals with the employment of megasse in the production of agglomerates for use in construction. The panorama finalizes with a brief, schematical resume of the construction of industrial buildings of one storey, by means of prefabricated elements or of industrial origin, which respond to some strict conditions and which are carried out following rigorous rules of the project. We understand that the ensemble of these four facets constitutes a significant sample of that plural prism and ensemble which Is the construction sector of any country.Bajo el título común de «Cuatro Aspectos del Sector Construcción, en Cuba», recogemos otros tantos trabajos, en cierto modo dispares de temática y enfoque, pero que globalmente pueden ayudar a perfilar tanto el nivel actual del desarrollo técnico del sector construcción, como su potencial instalado. Se describe el «Centro Técnico de la Construcción y los Materiales» a modo de institución básica e impulsora del desarrollo tecnológico sectorial. Se pasa revista, en otro trabajo, a los sistemas constructivos empleados en Cuba, tanto autóctonos como foráneos, por ser estos sistemas la base y soporte real del

  7. Aspectos técnicos da psicoterapia de grupo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernardo Blay Neto

    1959-09-01

    Full Text Available São estudados os mecanismos psíquicos que se desenvolvem em agrupamentos humanos e a sua utilização para fins terapêuticos, sendo focalizado o fenômeno da interação como o dinamismo básico dessas reações. O autor compara a forma pela qual encara o grupo com as idéias de Bion, Moreno e Sullivan, encarando a hipótese de que os sentimentos de amor e hostilidade se manifestem em função do bom ou do mau funcionamento dos contactos primários que caracterizam a dependência. O autor comenta resultados que obteve usando o psicodrama, mediante o qual estudou reações emocionais de inveja, ódio, agressividade e amor. O autor analisa as técnicas de Slavson e Pratt baseando-se nos dinamismos inerentes ao grupo e refere os estudos de Beukemkamp para a compreensão do fenômeno transferenciai que, no grupo, tem características próprias. As diferenças entre a terapia de grupo e a individual são apontadas, sendo a contra-transferência considerada como elemento construtivo. Pensa o autor que o aspecto dramático vivenciado pelo grupo ou por um dos seus componentes tem alto valor, pois engloba a verbalização, os componentes emocionais e os componentes posturais. O tono emocional vivenciado pelo grupo é mais intenso e opressivo que o que é despertado na terapêutica individual, o que é explicável pela somação de efeitos provocada pela reação circular. Segundo o autor, a Psicoterapia de Grupo e a Psicoterapia Individual não se opõem, mas se completam.

  8. Refractarios: un aspecto clave en la industria del cemento

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castillo Neira, Percy

    1985-09-01

    Full Text Available To sit in judgement values of the technic level reached in a cement plant, it is surprisingly objetive to analyse work, planning and control development about Refractories subject. Considering and recognizing the validity of this pragmatic axiom it will offer unexpected improvement perspectives of the productivity rates and production records. This work pretends to be a contribution for this purpose, bringing some theoretic and practical accounts about de conditions offered by the Kiln-Exchanger-Cooler most diffused system, analyzing the characteristics that refractory material must have, in accordance with each zone, and finally, including some appraisals and recommendations regarding some of the manifold aspects which belongs to one of the most interesting ad complex fields of cement industry.

    Para establecer un juicio de valor respecto al nivel técnico alcanzado en una planta cementera resulta sorprendentemente objetivo analizar el trabajo, planificación y control que se desarrolla alrededor del tema de Refractarios. Considerarlo y reconocer la validez de este axioma pragmático ofrecerá inusitadas perspectivas de superación de índices de productividad y récords de producción. En este trabajo se pretende un aporte a tal objetivo proporcionando algunas consideraciones teórico-prácticas sobre las condiciones que se presentan en el sistema Horno Intercambiador-Enfriador, más difundido, analizando las características que debe reunir el material refractario para cada zona y, finalmente, incluyendo algunas apreciaciones y recomendaciones principalmente de criterio, respecto a algunos de los múltiples aspectos que forman parte de uno de los campos más interesantes y complejos de la industria del cemento.

  9. A TEOLOGIA DA HISTÓRIA: ASPECTOS FUNDAMENTAIS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro Miguel Sousa Santos

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Desde as relações primordiais dos homens com os deuses houve uma necessidade de se conceituar a temporalidade e firmá-la como consequência dessa relação. Salvas as devidas proporções, não foi diferente com a Teologia, é o que o presente artigo pretende tocar: os aspectos fundamentais da Teologia da História que nasce de um Deus, o Singular absoluto, o Cristo, e a sua participação na História empírica que encontra uma sintonia profunda na soteriologia vétero e neotestamentária. O problema é de se entender de que forma um único sujeito pode ser a divisa para a História em sua totalidade. O autor que se toma como referência nessa discussão é o teólogo Hans Urs von Balthasar em seu livro Teologia da História, destacando-se a originalidade como é tratada a História no viés teológico. ABSTRACT: Since the primordial relations of men with the gods there was a need to conceptualize temporality and secure it as a result of this relationship. With the proper proportions preserved, it was no different with theology, which is what this article intends to demonstrate: the fundamental theology of history born of a God, absolute Single, the Christ, and its participation in empirical History which encounters a profound harmony in the old and new testament soteriology. The problem is to understand how one subject can be the division for History in its entirety. The author who serves as a reference in this discussion is the theologian Hans Urs von Balthasar in his book Theology of History, highlighting the originality as it is applied to History in the theological perspective.

  10. Revisión de algunos aspectos importantes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. A. Ávila

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available El soporte nutricional adecuado y oportuno contribuye en la reducción del riesgo de infecciones, mejora la función inmune y el pronóstico del paciente; es por esto que se destaca la importancia de mantener un adecuado estado nutricional en los pacientes críticamente enfermos. Con este propósito, el presente documento resalta el valor de la nutrición parenteral y su papel en aquellos animales con desnutrición presente o prevista, siempre y cuando la vía enteral no esté disponible o sea insuficiente; esto, en razón de su metabolismo alterado, el cual predispone a un mayor catabolismo mus-cular. La correcta elaboración de un plan nutricional debe tener en cuenta aspectos de gran importancia como la evaluación integral de los hallazgos históricos, clínicos y paraclínicos, con el fin de detectar el grado o riesgo de desnutrición; por su parte, la selección del tipo de nutrición más adecuada y el tipo de solución por emplear, son variables igualmente relevantes pues varían según cada caso particular, dependiendo de la condición del paciente y el tipo de patologías asociadas. Así pues, el cálculo de los requerimientos calóricos y la manera en que estos serán suplementados, son variables que deben manejarse con cautela, con el fin de no exceder la capacidad metabólica y desencadenar complicaciones que representen mayor morbilidad y mortalidad. Por úl-timo, es importante resaltar que la nutrición parenteral debe descontinuarse tan pronto como sea posible para disminuir los problemas relacionados con la misma, como la atrofia gastrointestinal.

  11. Conocimientos de los adolescentes sobre aspectos de la sexualidad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ileana García Imia

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo retrospectivo, de corte transversal, en el área del Policlínico Docente "Wilfredo Pérez Pérez" del municipio San Miguel del Padrón, de Ciudad de La Habana, con el fin de explorar los conocimientos sobre algunos aspectos de la sexualidad, en un grupo de 100 adolescentes en edades entre 10 y 19 años y de uno y otro sexos, en el año 2001. Se apreció un elevado tanto por ciento de jóvenes que tenían conocimientos sobre la anatomía del aparato genital, la mejor edad para tener hijos y la anticoncepción. En general, no tenían conocimientos de todas las enfermedades de transmisión sexual, no así el método más eficaz para evitarlas. El grupo de edad de mayor relevancia lo constituyó el de 10 a 13 años por sus escasos conocimientos sobre sexualidad.A retrospective, descriptive and crosswise study was made in the health areas of "Wilfredo Pérez Pérez" Teaching Polyclinics in San Miguel del Padrón municipality, Havana City province, with the objective of exploring what a group of 100 adolescents aged 10-19 years of both sexes knows about sexuality in the year 2001. A high percentage of them had knowledge about anatomy of the genital system, the most suitable age for having children and contraception. In general, they did not know all the sexually-transmitted diseases but they did know the most efficient method to prevent them. The most relevant age group was 10-13 years old because of their poor knowledge about sexuality.

  12. Local Decentralisation and Economic Growth in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hammed Adetola Adefeso

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available The current global drive towards devolution of financial resources and responsibilities has been increasingly justified on the basis that greater transfers of these financial resources and responsibilities to sub-central governments are theoretically expected to deliver greater economic efficiency in the provision of public goods and services and hence greater economic growth. There is a mixed result on these theoretical expectations across earlier empirical literatures. Using the instrumental variables (IV technique of analysis with the recent data from Nigeria for the period 1970-2013, this study found no robust significant effect of the decentralisation of spending or revenue on growth of real GDP per capital in Nigeria. The implication of this to the policy makers is that when it comes to the determinants of improved economic activities, decentralisation either fiscal expenditure or revenue side would not be instrumental to economic growth possibly because of existence of endemic corruption among politicians in Nigeria.

  13. An Analysis of Yam Production in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nahanga Verter

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Yams as a stable food crops do not only serve as integral vehicle for food security, but also as a source of income, and employer of labour in the producing areas in Nigeria. Lack of finance, inadequate farm inputs, storage facilities and high cost of labour are identified as the primary constraints to yam production in the country. This article deals with most of the determinants of yam production, constraints and the importance yam products in Nigeria. The findings of the study suggest that farm size, producer price, fertilizer use, yield (Hg/Ha, and economic growth have a positive influence on yam production in Nigeria. On the contrary, the result shows an inverse relationship between commercial loans and yam production in the country. There is an urgent need for the Nigerian government to provide a conducive environment and investment climate by subsidising farm inputs and providing affordable loans to the smallholder yam farmers for a sustainable production.

  14. Religion, culture and political corruption in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhikru A. Yagboyaju

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available For so long, development theories and practices have either deliberately neglected or simply overlooked the possible interconnections between religion, culture and the attainment of development goals. Against this background, this article reviews the literature on corruption, as a major factor of underdevelopment in Nigeria, particularly as it relates to religion and culture in the country. In its analysis, this article argues that corruption in Nigeria, especially in view of the country’s multi-ethnic and multi-religious status, must be conceived as a phenomenon transcending legal, political and economic boundaries. The study adopts an interpretative and descriptive methodology for its analysis.

  15. Promotion of renewable energy supply in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ekechukwu, O.V.

    1999-01-01

    The paper discusses the utilization of the various non-renewable energy resources and the associated environmental problems deriving from the different stages and uses of these resources. Some of the most important of these problems are loss of vegetation and environmental pollution. The need for a conscious shift to the exploitation of renewable energy sources are highlighted and a presentation of renewable energy resources of Nigeria is made. A review of national efforts in the development and utilization of renewable energy sources in Nigeria and the achievements so far are presented

  16. Corruption, NGOs, and Development in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Daniel Jordan

    2010-01-01

    This article examines corruption in Nigeria's development sector, particularly in the vastly growing arena of local non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Grounded in ethnographic case studies, the analysis explores why local NGOs in Nigeria have proliferated so widely, what they do in practice, what effects they have beyond their stated aims, and how they are perceived and experienced by ordinary Nigerians. It shows that even faux NGOs and disingenuous political rhetoric about civil society, democracy, and development are contributing to changing ideals and rising expectations in these same domains.

  17. Aspectos imunológicos da Leishmaniose Cutis Difusa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aloysio Argollo

    1977-06-01

    Full Text Available Um caso de Leishmaniose Cutis Difusa é estudado quanto aos seus aspectos imunológicos. A imunidade celular foi investigada com testes intradérmicos, sensibilização artificia! do DNCB e dosagem de fator de inibição do macrófago (MIF. Embora alguns antígenos injetados tivessem dado reação positiva, a leishmanina foi não reatora evidenciando uma anergia específica. As imunoglobulinas G e M estavam elevadas. 0 encontro de anticorpos circulantes por alguns autores associando ao fato de que o complemento C3 era baixo em nosso paciente, levou-nos a considerar o consumo deste que fixado a complexos Ag-Ac circulantes poderiam explicar os surtos de febre e artralgias. Por fim são considerados os pontos de vista de autores diferentes em relação ao fato de que a LCD seria causada por espécie diferente de leishmânia, ou por defeito imunológico do paciente, destacando-se o trabalho de Convit³ em favor desta útlima hipótese.A case of Cutis Diffuse Leishmaniasis is studied in respect to its immuno logical aspects. Cell mediated immunity was investigated with a battery of nine intradermal antigens, using disposable 1.0 ml tuberculin syringes, with 25 guage oedles. Also, artificial sensibilization to the DNCB and dosage of the Macrophage Inhibiting Factor (MIF were carried out. Some of the intradermal tests were positive and the leishmanine reaction was negative showing specific anergy. The G and M immunoglobulines were elevated. Since circulating antibodies have been described in the literatura and our patient had tpe C³ complement at a low level we ponder about its consumption fixed to Ag-Ac complexes, which could explain the episodes of fever and arthralgias. Finally, the view points of different authors are considered in relation to the fact that CDL would be caused by a different species of leishumania, or by immunological defect of the host. Convit's reatons undoubtedly favors th is last hypothesis.

  18. Hipertermia maligna: aspectos moleculares e clínicos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Carolina de Carvalho Correia

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available CONTEÚDO: A hipertermia maligna (HM é uma doença farmacogenética potencialmente letal que acomete indivíduos geneticamente predispostos. Manifesta-se em indivíduos susceptíveis em resposta à exposição a anestésicos inalatórios, relaxantes musculares despolarizantes ou atividade física extrema em ambientes quentes. Durante a exposição a esses agentes desencadeadores, há um aumento rápido e sustentado da concentração de cálcio mioplasmático (Ca2+ induzido pela hiperativação dos receptores de rianodina (RYR1 do músculo esquelético, causando uma alteração profunda na homeostase de Ca2+, caracterizando um estado hipermetabólico. RYR1, canais de libertação de Ca2+ do retículo sarcoplasmático, é o principal local de susceptibilidade à HM. Várias mutações no gene que codifica a proteína RYR1 foram identificadas, mas outros genes podem estar envolvidos. Atualmente, o método padrão para o diagnóstico de sensibilidade à HM é o teste de contratura muscular para exposição ao halotano-cafeína (CHCT e o único tratamento é o uso de dantroleno. No entanto, com os avanços no campo da genética molecular, um pleno entendimento da etiologia da doença pode ser fornecido, favorecendo o desenvolvimento de um diagnóstico preciso, menos invasivo, com o teste de ADN, e também proporcionar o desenvolvimento de novas estratégias terapêuticas para o tratamento da HM. Logo, esta breve revisão tem como objetivo integrar os aspectos clínicos e moleculares da HM, reunindo informações para uma melhor compreensão desta canalopatia.

  19. Aspectos relevantes sobre tuberculose para profissionais de saúde

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Daronco

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available A Tuberculose (TB é uma patologia infectocontagiosa com clínica ampla cujo agentecausador é o Mycobacterium tuberculosis (Bacilo de Koch, uma micobactéria aeróbia estrita. Apesar de tratar-se dedoença antiga, que acomete seres humanos há séculos, sendo uma importante causa de morte no mundo inteiro,diferentes pesquisas do Ministério da Saúde apontam números preocupantes no tocante a novos casos. Materiais eMétodos: O presente artigo de revisão procura, de forma objetiva e clara, explicitar os principais aspectos de interessepara profissionais de saúde no tocante a Tuberculose doença. O artigo divide-se em tópicos: Defi nição, Sintomatologia,Diagnóstico, Tratamento, Multirresistência, Profi laxia, Formas de Contágio e Formas de Prevenção. Foram utilizadasreferências atuais sobre o tema, incluindo Manuais, Guidelines e Artigos científicos diversos de bases de dados comoUp to Date e Science Direct. Discussão: Sinais e sintomas da doença aumentam o grau de suspeição da mesma, oque torna o pedido de exames para confirmação da infecção dentro de tempo hábil para instituição da terapêuticaadequada. Assim como diagnóstico e tratamento, medidas para evitar o contágio, em serviços de saúde, locaiscom aglomerações humanas e em residências, são de fundamental importância no combate a tuberculose. Osprofissionais de saúde devem atentar para possíveis casos de resistência aos fármacos e as indicações de profilaxia,pois tais variáveis são de extrema relevância no controle da disseminação da doença. Conclusão: Por tratar-se dedoença infecciosa que pode acometer todas as classes sociais, além de possuir formas diferentes de acometimento,o conhecimento básico acerca da Tuberculose é deveras imprescindível em serviços de saúde, desde a atençãoprimária até os centros de saúde com alta tecnologia.

  20. Sialometria: aspectos de interesse clínico

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Pinheiro Falcão

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available A saliva total é um complexo de secreções multiglandulares composto de fluido gengival, células epiteliais descamadas, microrganismos, produtos do metabolismo bacteriano, resíduos alimentares, leucócitos, muco da cavidade nasal e da faringe. A saliva possui diversas funções, incluindo reparação tecidual, tamponamento, proteção, digestão, gustação, ação antimicrobiana, manutenção da integridade do dente e sistema de defesa antioxidante. A redução do fluxo salivar (hipossalivação é um distúrbio comum, e estima-se que cerca de 20% da população geral tenham esta alteração. A hipossalivação pode ser decorrente de diabetes mellitus, hipotireoidismo, desidratação, comprometimento do parênquima glandular por processos infecciosos, doenças granulomatosas ou condições autoimunes e inflamatórias (como a síndrome de Sjögren e a artrite reumatoide, radioterapia da região cefálica e/ou cervical, bem como pode estar associada a distúrbios do humor, efeitos adversos ocasionados pelo uso de algumas medicações ou, ainda, ser de causa idiopática. As terapias convencionais para o tratamento da redução do fluxo salivar, com o uso de sialogogos gustatórios e químicos, ainda apresentam restrições. Contudo, novas alternativas têm mostrado grande perspectiva no tratamento deste problema. Diagnosticar um paciente como hipossalivador crônico é um desafio na prática clínica, e os métodos de avaliação do fluxo salivar são pouco conhecidos pelos reumatologistas. A avaliação seriada do fluxo salivar é importante para o correto diagnóstico e prognóstico de determinadas condições bucais e sistêmicas. Esta revisão aborda alguns aspectos relacionados à função da saliva, às consequências da hipossalivação e aos métodos de medição da taxa de fluxo salivar, conceitos úteis na prática diária do reumatologista.

  1. Food Security in Nigeria: An Examination of Food Availability and Accessibility in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Chimaobi Valentine Okolo; Chizoba Obidigbo

    2015-01-01

    As a basic physiology need, threat to sufficient food production is threat to human survival. Food security has been an issue that has gained global concern. This paper looks at the food security in Nigeria by assessing the availability of food and accessibility of the available food. The paper employed multiple linear regression technique and graphic trends of growth rates of relevant variables to show the situation of food security in Nigeria. Results of the tests revea...

  2. counter pyrethroid insecticide product in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We evaluated the brain, lung, and heart oxidative stress in rats exposed to aerosol of an over-thecounter pyrethroid insecticide product in Nigeria. The experimental animals were randomly divided into four groups: group I (control) was not exposed to the insecticide aerosol, while groups II, III, and IV were exposed to 6.0 mL ...

  3. Computational Biology and Bioinformatics in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatumo, Segun A.; Adoga, Moses P.; Ojo, Opeolu O.; Oluwagbemi, Olugbenga; Adeoye, Tolulope; Ewejobi, Itunuoluwa; Adebiyi, Marion; Adebiyi, Ezekiel; Bewaji, Clement; Nashiru, Oyekanmi

    2014-01-01

    Over the past few decades, major advances in the field of molecular biology, coupled with advances in genomic technologies, have led to an explosive growth in the biological data generated by the scientific community. The critical need to process and analyze such a deluge of data and turn it into useful knowledge has caused bioinformatics to gain prominence and importance. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary research area that applies techniques, methodologies, and tools in computer and information science to solve biological problems. In Nigeria, bioinformatics has recently played a vital role in the advancement of biological sciences. As a developing country, the importance of bioinformatics is rapidly gaining acceptance, and bioinformatics groups comprised of biologists, computer scientists, and computer engineers are being constituted at Nigerian universities and research institutes. In this article, we present an overview of bioinformatics education and research in Nigeria. We also discuss professional societies and academic and research institutions that play central roles in advancing the discipline in Nigeria. Finally, we propose strategies that can bolster bioinformatics education and support from policy makers in Nigeria, with potential positive implications for other developing countries. PMID:24763310

  4. ORIGINAL ARTICLE DIPHTHERIA MORTALITY IN NIGERIA: THE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr Oboro VO

    whom eventually required tracheostomy. No child received the diphtheria antitoxin as this is not available in Nigeria. The public health unit investigated each case and reported the cases to the appropriate authorities. Family and close contacts were treated with erythromycin while unimmunized children were immunized.

  5. and Family Planning in Kaduna State, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    for instance, Robey and colleaguesº asserted that strong commitment to the family planning pro- gramme by the government and donor organisa- tions, through efforts in changing attitudes towards contraception and provision of contraceptives, led to an increase in contraceptive use and fertility de- cline. Nigeria, as a result ...

  6. STATUS OF INSECT DIVERSITY CONSERVATION IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Timothy Ademakinwa

    With a rapid surge in human population, there has been concomitant increase in anthropogenic threats to biodiversity, especially for ecologically-important groups such as insects. With the loss of about 79% of its forest cover, Nigeria ranked as the nation with the highest rate of forest loss in 2005. How these and other.

  7. LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a report oi' an involtigatlon into an outbreak of meningitis in three communities oi' Baruten Local. Government Area (Min) of Kwara Btate, Nigeria. is total of 41 cases of eerebroapinal meningitis (6838) were reported. There wee a preponderance of males (78%). Thirty-'eight (92.7%) did not receive CS!' vaccine while ...

  8. Pioneering Laparoscopic General Surgery in Nigeria | Misauno ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Laparoscopic Surgery has revolutionized surgical operations due to its unique advantages of a shorter hospital stay, minimal surgical trauma and a better cosmetic outcome. There are a few reports from Nigeria reporting laparoscopic surgery in gynaecology. To the best of our knowledge, there has been no ...

  9. 51 ST. AUGUSTINE VERSUS NIGERIA ON CORPORATE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Angwe Ken Agede:St. Augusrine Versus Nigeria on Corporate Corruption and impunity… 53 ... and South. Korea are making frantic efforts to curЛ this trend. It ... interest in philosophy and re-oriented his values. In a draft of a correspondence of 371 to his mother. Augustine shares his discovery and contemplates course.

  10. Gender Masculinity And Human Security In Nigeria.

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... both sexes and the growth and development of the society should be encompassing. The paper concluded by looking at the challenges faced by the male gender in order to maintain a balance in the society and strategies were proffered to tackle these challenges so as to improve on the human security network in Nigeria ...

  11. SAFE DISPOSAL OF MUNICIPAL WASTES IN NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    affairs in the management of municipal solid waste in most parts of Nigeria. It may seem that the municipal ... 1 John G. Rau and David Wooten (eds), Environmental Impact Analysis Handbook (Mc-. Graw-Hill 1980), pg 12 ... generation of vast amounts of waste daily as a result of human and indus- trial activities9 without the ...

  12. Nigeria Agricultural Journal - Vol 33 (2002)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Inflation and changes in output and consumer prices of food in Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ... Benth in Upland Rice: Influence of Upland Rice Varieties and Rates of Nitrogen Fertilizer · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ...

  13. Graduate Unemployment in Nigeria: Implications for National ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is common knowledge that the level of unemployment in Nigeria has continued to rise over the years. It is therefore worrisome that even graduates of tertiary institutions considered as skilled manpower have been bitten by this unemployment bug. However, studies on the subject matter have remained historic in their ...

  14. Forensic Accounting And Financial Crisis In Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Osuagwwu

    passes without a report of some financial crime or the other. Forensic accounting has become an emerging topic for research in recent time as a panacea for financial crimes. This study examines the significance of forensic accounting in the face of increasing fraudulent practices in. Nigeria with a view to advancing some ...

  15. Nigeria: macroeconomic environment and the perennial crops ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the impacts of macroeconomic environment on the output performances of perennial crops – namely cocoa, rubber, palm oil and palm kernel in Nigeria. The time series data used for the analysis reveals agricultural policy/programme instability. Ordinary Least Square estimation shows that most ...

  16. Nigeria Agricultural Journal - Vol 43 (2012)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Effect of Pigeon Pea Hedgerow Alley Management on the Growth and productivity of Ginger in a Tropical Ultisol in South Eastern Nigeria · EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. EN Nwaogu, PO Nwosu, AO Ano, JC Okonkwo ...

  17. Educational Inequalities And Women's Disempowerment In Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    With the MDGs' 2015 target year half gone, fixed gender ascriptions, which were rife in pre-colonial African societies, still loom considerably in contemporary Nigeria. This study therefore aims at understanding the impact of such gender stereotypes on women's educational and socio-economic empowerment. It observes ...

  18. PALEOEVIRONMENT OF NIGERIA'S AJALI SANDSTONES: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Ajali Sandstone is a major clastic formation of Campanian-Maastrichtian age occuring within the Anambra Basin, Southeastern Nigeria. ... The result is in line with earlier conclusions of fluvial or fluviodeltaic depositional environment based on analysis of faceis, sedimentary rock which are suitable for morphometrical ...

  19. Issues for Agricultural Extension Policy in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Madukwe

    Agriculture is the bedrock of economic development in Nigeria. However, the development of the ... This policy direction placed additional responsibilities on extension by including sustainable development ... years and the recent trends in agricultural development world wide have necessitated the formulation of more ...

  20. Survey of Cataract Surgical Techniques in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF SABE NWOSU

    polymethylmethacrylate. DISCUSSION. The results of this survey suggest that all practicing ophthalmologists in Nigeria perform cataract surgery with wide incision extracapsular cataract extraction and intraocular lens implant (ECCE/IOL) as the most frequently employed technique. Although pseudophakic technology in ...

  1. Improved Industrial Development In Nigeria Through Proper ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper noted that most industrial development strategies in Nigeria did not give attention to technology education. And that technology education as recognized by few of the strategies were not only properly articulated for the tertiary institutions, but also poorly implemented. Therefore, to put technology and thus ...

  2. Contextual Perceptions of Corruption in Contemporary Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Event around us in Contemporary Nigeria points to the fact that corruption is a cankerworm that has eaten into the fabric of every facet of our national life. Public officials demand payment of ransom before or/and after performing their legitimate functions. Business people shortchange their customers through unfair dealings, ...

  3. SEASONAL PREDICTION OF PRECIPITATION OVER NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DEPT OF AGRICULTURAL ENGINEERING

    1, 2Department of Physics, University of Ibadan, Ibadan, Nigeria. ABSTRACT. The availability of quantitative means of probing .... the choice of the predictors in the different oceans (Table 1). This is in agreement with various research ... were in multiple forms (i.e. i = 1, 2, 3….). The tropical ocean was partitioned into Atlantic,.

  4. INTERCROP PRODUCTIVITY OF ROSELLE IN NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Roselle (Hibiscus sabdariffa L.) is a crop of immense benefit within small scale cropping systems in Nigeria as well as in most developing countries of Africa. However, the productivity of roselle when cultivated under intercropping arrangements as is often the case is largely unknown. Therefore, field experiments were ...

  5. Recording technology in contemporary Nigeria: connecting the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Diverse studies and scholarly discourse on the influence of modern technology on Africa's youth are abound. An important concern, here, is on the innovative and differing ways Africa's youth, particularly Nigeria's teeming youth population adopts new cutting edge technologies in their quest to cut a niche for themselves in ...

  6. Fareed Zakaria's Democratic Sequentialism and Nigeria's ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This essay will attempt to analyse the prospects for political and economic liberalisation and ultimately democracy in Nigeria by examining Fareed Zakaria's prescription of democratic sequentialism i.e, liberalism before democracy. Zakaria's argument was that due to cultural variation, different societies will require different ...

  7. Urethroplasty Practices among Reconstructive Urologists in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is one of the oldest pathologies known in urology.[1,2] The dynamics of the disease has continued to change across geographical zones. In the past few decades, the etiology in developing countries like Nigeria was mainly inflammatory and most commonly from gonococcal urethritis.[3] More recently, traumatic strictures.

  8. is planning in Nigeria becoming evidence based?

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    related Millennium Development Goals high on the policy agendas of many developing nations, the costs and as well as benefits of these health interventions are extremely vital in resource poor settings such as Nigeria. Despite the body of evidence ...

  9. Gender Stereotyping and Empowerment in Nigeria Society ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gender inequality is one of the contemporary issues which have featured prominently in both national and international debates for quite some time now in both developed and developing countries of the world. This has obviously thwarted women status in curriculum implementation in Nigeria education. This observation ...

  10. Economic reforms and industrial performance in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    No Abstract. Nigeria Journal of Business Administration Vol. 6(1) 2004: 144-164. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT · http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/njbm.v6i1.38570 · AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians ...

  11. Heliozoa from Nigeria | Wujek | Tropical Freshwater Biology

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A total of seven scaled protistans were observed from four freshwater sites in Nigeria. They include the holiozoan genera Acanthocystis, Polyplacocystis, Pterocystis, and Raphidiophrys. All are new records for Africa. KEY WORDS: Heliozoa, Protozoa, Acanthocystis, Polyplacocystis, Pterocystis, Raphidiophrys Tropical ...

  12. Revenue Allocation and Economic Development in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dagwom Yohanna Dang

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available This study empirically examines the impact of revenue allocation on economic development in Nigeria. Specifically, the study looks at how the various revenue allocations to the three tiers of government affect real gross domestic product (RGDP in Nigeria using time series data for the period 1993 to 2012. Error correction model (ECM and Pairwise Granger Causality test are used in analyzing the data. The study carries out test of stationarity of the variables using Augmented Dickey–Fuller unit root test and test of long-run relationship among the variables using Johansen Cointegration test. The study’s findings show that revenue allocations have significant causal relationship with economic development in Nigeria, with only revenue allocation to states having significant negative relationship. Unidirectional causality runs from revenue allocations to real GDP in Nigeria. All variables of the study are cointegrated and have a long-run relationship that 87.62% of the short-run disequilibrium is corrected yearly. The study recommends among others that more financial control and value for money audit should be carried out to minimize wastages and corruption in the states of the federation, so as to change the direction of influence of states’ revenue allocation on economic development.

  13. Developmental Implications of Nigeria's Oil Wealth | Osagibovo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria in recent times has earned huge petro-dollar under the aegis of the Nigerian National Petroleum Corporation (NNPC) to boost its oil wealth and complement other sectors of the economy, but this massive increase in oil wealth as national economic life-blood could not help to restore the ailing development ...

  14. FEDERAL BALANCING IN NIGERIA: A PARADIGM FOR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    impliedly given to them by the constitution. In other words, each government within a federation has its defined duties and it is ..... This is the federal character theory which was formulated as a way of balancing the government appointments. ..... monetary allocations. So all in all, with this type of democracy in place in Nigeria ...

  15. DEMOCRACY, LEADERSHIP AND NATION BUILDING IN NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mycl

    proclivity towards integral and sustainable national development. The thrust of democracy anywhere is determined ... nation building but engenders expedition for political alternatives. From a philosophical stance, this paper critically ..... Global Development Index (GDI) continually place Nigeria at the baseline of global ...

  16. Empirical Evidence from Kaduna State, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Madukwe

    Department of Agricultural Economics/Extension, Faculty of Agriculture, University of Abuja, Nigeria (juliusajah2@yahoo.com). Abstract. The main objective of the study was to determine if significant difference existed in gender daily wage rates (wage rate/day) in farm production activities. Multi-stage technique was used for ...

  17. Some Fish from Cross River Estuary, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    komla

    Patterns of Total Hydrocarbon, Copper and Iron in. Some Fish from Cross River Estuary, Nigeria ... petroleum products as well as heavy metals and copper in the coastal waters and through their diet (Davies et al., 1981; ..... cadmium in the edible crab Cancer pagurus. (1999) Scientific and clean upresponse to the.

  18. ORO-FACIAL CARCINOMA IN KADUNA, NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dr. Adeola DS

    the country but a significant majority 144 (68.25%) patients group are ... the majority 136. (64.45%) were Hausas a dominant tribal group in the. Northern Nigeria. House wives and farmers were also significantly affected. When tumour histology was ... Institute commission on oral Health Research and. Epidemiology held ...

  19. Traumatic Extradural Hematoma in Enugu, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Department of Surgery, Neurosurgery Unit, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, 1Memfys Hospital for .... Patients that were unstable and required emergency decompression were offered expanded burr hole procedure. Burr hole evacuation followed by drainage under negative pressure has been shown.

  20. The English Language of the Nigeria Police

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinwe, Udo Victoria

    2015-01-01

    In the present day Nigeria, the quality of the English language spoken by Nigerians, is perceived to have been deteriorating and needs urgent attention. The proliferation of books and articles in the recent years can be seen as the native outcrop of its received attention and recognition as a matter of discourse. Evidently, every profession,…

  1. EPIDEMOLOGY OF BURNS IN ENUGU, NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    JIBURUM

    O. Box 903 Enugu400001 Enugu state, Nigeria. Abstract. BACKGROUND Burn injury has been observed as a world wide problem. ... technological advances have not made the desired impact on the citizens in burns management. 4 – 8 . ... managed in our unit over 5 year period. Materials And Methods. The plastic surgery ...

  2. Towards Improving Nursery Education Programme In Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper therefore determines the areas of emphasis in nursery education, benefits from effective nursery education and the need to co-ordinate nursery education in Nigeria. Suggestions were made based on the conclusion. Keywords: Nursery Education, ogramme In Urban / Rural Areas. Journal of Technology and ...

  3. (ICT) in accounting education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Abstract. This study examines the relevance of Information and. Communication Technology (ICT) in accounting education in. Nigeria and how this has impacted on the overall performance of the accounting profession in the Country. The paper adopted the Survey method. ata generated were analyzed using Means ...

  4. 277 Entrepreneurship Education in Nigeria: Funding

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... teachers, students, and parents, on the funding mechanisms that could be adopted for effective, efficient and sustained delivery of entrepreneurship education in Nigeria. The findings revealed that all the categories of stakeholders in education strongly believed and agreed that entrepreneurship education ...

  5. Significant Bacteriuria in Pregnancy in Enugu, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the prevalence, demographic characteristics and microbiological assessment of the causative agents of significant bacteriuria in healthy pregnant women and its effect on pregnancy in women in Enugu, Eastern Nigeria. Materials and Methods: A prospective study based on data obtained from ...

  6. Dehexing women entrepreneurship in Nigeria: turning possibilities ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dehexing women entrepreneurship in Nigeria will necessitate the expunction of existing obstacles and the conversion of possibilities to realities. Doing this will make women become greater contributors to the economic development of the country and engender the much anticipated social change. This paper asserts that ...

  7. Waste Ergonomics Optimization in Ilorin, Nigeria | Ajibade ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to ease and achieve best desired results in waste management procedures and operations in Ilorin metropolis, Kwara State of Nigeria, the government, through the Kwara State Waste Management Corporation (KWMC), has provided different equipment including vehicles and containers. The distribution and ...

  8. INTERGROUP RELATIONS IN NIGERIA: THE DYNAMICS AND ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof

    strengthen the shattered socio-economic and political relationship between and among the constituent .... International Journal of Development and Management Review (INJODEMAR) Vol. 11 June, 2016 ..... Despite the public masquerading and the showmanship of Nigeria as a united and indivisible country, it is of ...

  9. Telecommunication and National Integration in Nigeria: Prospects ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, there are high hopes that the revolution in Nigeria's telecommunication sector will ultimately accelerate the process of national integration. While the telecoms sector is increasing the country's integrative capacity, it is also increasing avenues for the perpetration of crime and violence which is threatening the ...

  10. Receivables and Collection Management in Nigeria | Okonedo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents the results of a study on credit practices in Nigeria carried out in 1998 by Ogbonna Ike and Enase Okenedo of the Lagos Business school. Twenty companies were involved in the study to determine the factors that influence credit policy, how credit policy is implemented and the role of sales, marketing ...

  11. Counseling View of Abortion in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogwokhademhe, M. C.; Sowho, Paulina O.

    2015-01-01

    Guidance and counseling are twin words that help people adjust to their psychological, emotional, social and psychosocial problems which tend to occur in human life. Abortion, which is a prevalent problem in Nigeria mostly among the teenage girls, has drawn the attentions of the counselors, teachers, guardians, administrators, researchers and the…

  12. Infrastructure and Agricultural Growth in Nigeria | Ighodaro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The provision of infrastructure in Nigeria, particularly physical infrastructure is characterized by the predominance of public enterprises except for telecommunications sector in recent time. The empirical part of the study revealed different relative response rates of the different component of infrastructure used in the study to ...

  13. Advertising practice in Nigeria: Development, new trends ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study mentioned some of the new trends in advertising in Nigeria which include the practice of Integrated Marketing Communications (IMC); which is the combination of various marketing communication techniques like advertising, public relations, publicity, sales promotions, events marketing, etc, in carrying out a ...

  14. Alternative Assessment and Women Education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    is as a result that Fafunwa (1974) maintains that the history of education in. Africa is incomplete without adequate knowledge of the traditional or indigenous education. Ngwu (2006) reiterated that before the coming of the. Europeans to Nigeria, there were well established systems of education in the country. According to ...

  15. Indications for cholecystectomy in Calabar, Nigeria. | Asuquo ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Conclusion: The numbers of cholecystectomies attest to the rarity of gallbladder disease in this environment. This may be due to the high fiber and low cholesterol diet predominant in this costal population in southern Nigeria. Keywords: Cholecystectomy, cholecystitis, gallstones. Annals of African Medicine Vol. 7 (1) 2008 ...

  16. Gender Inequality in Academia: Evidences from Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbogu, Christiana O.

    2011-01-01

    Universities and other institutions of higher education in Nigeria see themselves as liberal and open-minded. They support social movements that encourage principles of democracy and social justice, yet their mode of governance is male dominated and patriarchal. This study, therefore, identified the causes of gender inequality in academia and the…

  17. International Aspects of Nigeria's Economic Reforms | Iyoha ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper attempts to draw a relationship between Nigeria's previous failed economic reforms and external influences from international financial institutions, which had constantly resulted in chronic economic misfortunes. Now that homegrown economic programmes are currently being undertaken in Africa through ...

  18. Women, Education and Work in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anugwom, Edlyne E.

    2009-01-01

    This paper examines the implication of the growing educational opportunities for women in Nigeria. Although bias has existed from the traditional Nigerian society against women, recent events especially in education reveal a conquering of this deep-rooted prejudice. Enrollment figures particularly in the last ten years show a remarkable bridging…

  19. Family Quality of Life in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajuwon, P. M.; Brown, I.

    2012-01-01

    Background: The limited literature that exists about intellectual disabilities (ID) in Nigeria suggests that perceptions of ID may be shaped by social and cultural beliefs, and that socio-economic factors have prevented the development of policy and services. The present study sought to explore these suggestions in more detail by administering the…

  20. Intervention Analysis of Nigeria's Foreign Exchange Rate ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    collected from the Central Bank of Nigeria Statistical. Bulletin for empirical verification. The data considered for the analysis is the monthly average official exchange rate of the naira vis-à-vis the. United State dollar for the period 1980 to 2014. Research Problems: In September 1986, the Second-. Tier Foreign Exchange ...

  1. university engineering education and training in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    EDUCATION. AND. TRAINING. IN. NIGERIA. Up to the middle of this century, engineering and technical education for Nigerians was of the lowest priority in the educational system of the country. Yaba Higher College established in 1930 as the first real institution of higher learning in the country was planned to provide a ...

  2. 277 Entrepreneurship Education in Nigeria: Funding

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... self and for others. It involves exploring, analyzing, evaluating, exploiting business opportunities and rigorously pursuing such opportunities to a successful end which ... trained from the very beginning in school to take and handle risks many successful .... strategic plan will be actualized. Today in Nigeria ...

  3. Pig slaughtering in southwestern Nigeria: peculiarities, animal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pig slaughtering in southwestern Nigeria: peculiarities, animal welfare concerns and public health implications. ... pig slaughtering methods in the three locations vary considerably with some identified areas of animal welfare concerns which include inhumane transportation , restraining, lairaging, and stunning practices.s.

  4. Intracranial neoplasmin Ibadan, Nigeria | Olasode | East African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the pattern of histopathological variants of intracranial neoplasms, relative distribution of the variants in the age groups and also to determine the gender differences that exist in these tumours. Design: Case control study. Setting: Department of Pathology, University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria.

  5. Obesity in Pregnancy in Southeast Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EGOLUM

    2011-12-22

    Dec 22, 2011 ... institutions in Nigeria revealed that sleep deprivation is a significant pattern among medical students.[5]. There is no doubt that lack of adequate sleep can account for poor performance at work or study; there are obvious life threatening problems associated with human errors of judgment such as traffic ...

  6. The Forest Products Industry in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    Materials and methods. This study derived from a survey designed to assess quantity, production trend and status of forest industries in Nigeria. Data used for the study was obtained through the use of a structured questionnaire. The questionnaire was on installed capacity, capacity utilisation, equipment and production.

  7. CORRUPTION IN NIGERIA: A CULTURE OR RETROGRESSIVE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dean SPGS NAU

    Scholars and Nigerian government do not offer any realistic practical recipes in dealing with the pressing problems of corruption, economic hardship and underdevelopment in Nigeria in the 21st ... three stages namely slave trade, the partition of Africa by the. European powers who scrambled for territories therein, and the.

  8. an evaluation of nigeria's participation in ecowas

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GRACE

    ECOWAS which was conceived as a means towards economic integration and development eventually .... might is impressive, it does not mean that Nigeria has an assured continuous position of military superiority in the ... Economic integration is a process in which neighbouring states enter into an agreement in order to ...

  9. ACHIEVING POVERTY ALLEVIATION IN NIGERIA THROUGH ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Apusigah

    economy for financing housing investment needs. Housing is a ... income groups in Nigeria depends on the availability of capital, particularly long-term loans at ..... Total Investments % of Real Estate to Growth in Real. Mortgage(N'm). (N'm). Total Investments Estate. Investments(%) a b. 2003 14,272.79. 54,642.84. 26.12.

  10. The Strategic Financial Efficiency Challenge in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    revenue flow in government ministries, departments and agencies (MDAs) into an ultra-large kitty with the Central ... efficiency advocacy in portfolio analysis and investment management circles still underscore the .... accruing to government into the Consolidated Revenue Account domiciled in the. Central Bank Nigeria ...

  11. Book Review The Mammals of Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Book Review. The Mammals of Nigeria. D.C.D. Happold. Oxford University Press, 1987. 402 pages. Price: R425,25. As might be expected from the price, this book is beautifully produced: ... books, one excellent, the other not so good. The fust ... chapters, and sections within them devoted to suborders, families and so on,.

  12. BOKO HARAM AND JIHAD IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Theo

    2012-10-16

    Oct 16, 2012 ... It was the first time terrorists in Nigeria attacked a presence of the international community in the form of an office of the UN. The attack was significant in ..... In the recruitment and cohesion of members of Boko Haram, religion plays a significant role. Members behave as if they belong to a religious sect.

  13. among health workers in south western Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To appraise the level of awareness about prenatal diagnosis among health workers in southwestern Nigeria and its utilization. Methodology: ... awareness about it, and upon which the right attitude of referral is developed. In our ... information on religion, location of practice, field of practice and years in practice.

  14. ESTABLISHING A PUBLISHING OUTFIT IN NIGERIA EMENYONU ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CIU

    undertake, steps to follow in establishing a publishing company, networking with stakeholders in the publishing industry,the legal .... should network with the following stakeholders. The book industry,like any other industry, needs ..... Author, publisher and bookseller: a tripartite synergy in book development in Nigeria.

  15. Eye injury requiring hospitalisation in Enugu Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bioline

    BACKGROUND: - Eye injuries are becoming relatively important, not only as a cause of presentation but also a cause for admission at health centres in Nigeria. In view of this trend being observed and the fact that most eye injuries requiring hospital admission may give rise to grave ocular consequences. This study set out ...

  16. Computational biology and bioinformatics in Nigeria.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Segun A Fatumo

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Over the past few decades, major advances in the field of molecular biology, coupled with advances in genomic technologies, have led to an explosive growth in the biological data generated by the scientific community. The critical need to process and analyze such a deluge of data and turn it into useful knowledge has caused bioinformatics to gain prominence and importance. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary research area that applies techniques, methodologies, and tools in computer and information science to solve biological problems. In Nigeria, bioinformatics has recently played a vital role in the advancement of biological sciences. As a developing country, the importance of bioinformatics is rapidly gaining acceptance, and bioinformatics groups comprised of biologists, computer scientists, and computer engineers are being constituted at Nigerian universities and research institutes. In this article, we present an overview of bioinformatics education and research in Nigeria. We also discuss professional societies and academic and research institutions that play central roles in advancing the discipline in Nigeria. Finally, we propose strategies that can bolster bioinformatics education and support from policy makers in Nigeria, with potential positive implications for other developing countries.

  17. Risk factors for psychiatric morbidity of Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    (west, east, and south) of Ilorin, a city in the middle belt of. Nigeria. Data analysis. Data were analysed using EpiInfo version 6.0. ..... the escalating cost of living, transportation problems with inces- sant traffic jams, lack of social security with a high incidence of armed robbery, air and noise pollution, to overcrowding could.

  18. FEDERAL BALANCING IN NIGERIA: A PARADIGM FOR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    In Nigeria presently, the crisis of federalism has gone beyond the case of bickering among ethnic groups .... Internal affairs, Finance and Health are considered very important. So these juicy portfolios need to be fairly ..... President Shehu Shagari in 1980 but it submitted its report in 1981. It was headed by Dr. Pius Okigbo, ...

  19. Nigeria | IDRC - International Development Research Centre

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    An online information network, HealthNet, brings valuable medical information to the most remote areas by satellite. This service allows professionals to offer an improved level of service to their patients. We also fund effective and influential economic research in Nigeria. For example, the IDRC-supported Nigerian Institute ...

  20. 585 Idealogy and Economic Development in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... Abstract. Ideology is the body of ideas, views, theories and aims that constitute a political, social or economic programme of a state. Ideology ultimately reflects the prevailing economic relations in a state. This article is an analysis of the claim by the Nigerian ruling class that Nigeria has no ideology.

  1. (ICT) in accounting education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    Communication Technology (ICT) in accounting education in. Nigeria and how this has impacted on the ... performance of accounting students in Nigerian niversities; a positive relationship between acquisition of .... as why most Nigerian accountants do not use information and communication technology facilities in their ...

  2. ADVERTISING PRACTICE IN NIGERIA: DEVELOPMENT, NEW ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    imitch

    controlled persuasive communication, paid for by identified sponsor(s), about products, services or ideas and disseminated through the mass media to a target group”. The Advertising Practitioners Council of Nigeria. (APCON) in their The Nigerian Code of Advertising Practice defines advertising as “a form of communication.

  3. Sustainable wood waste management in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Owoyemi Jacob Mayowa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Wood industries produce large volumes of residues which must be utilized, marketed or properly disposed of. Heaps of wood residues are common features in wood industries throughout the year. In Nigeria, this residue is generally regarded as waste and this has led to open burning practices, dumping in water bodies or dumping in an open area which constitutes environmental pollution. Sawmills in Nigeria generated over 1,000,000 m3 of wood waste in 2010 while about 5000 m3 of waste was generated in plywood mills. Nigeria generates about 1.8 million tons of sawdust annually and 5.2 million tons of wood wastes. The impact of improper disposal of waste wood on the environment affects both the aquatic and terrestrial ecosystems. Also burning of waste wood releases greenhouse gases into the atmosphere causing various health issues. Reuse/recycling of these wood residues in Nigeria will reduce the pressure on our ever decreasing forests, reduce environmental pollution, create wealth and employment. The literature available on this subject was reviewed and this article, therefore, focuses on the various methods of wood waste disposal and its utilization in Nigerian wood industries, the effects of wood waste on the environment as well as on human health and the benefits of proper wood waste management practices.

  4. Behavioural problems among schoolchildren in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rutter teachers' and parents' scales for assessment of behavioural problems have been standardised for use on Nigerian children.3,12. These scales have been used in previous studies to assess the prevalence of behavioural disorders in children in western and south-eastern Nigeria.3,6,8, 13,14. In the study by Adelekan ...

  5. Computational biology and bioinformatics in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fatumo, Segun A; Adoga, Moses P; Ojo, Opeolu O; Oluwagbemi, Olugbenga; Adeoye, Tolulope; Ewejobi, Itunuoluwa; Adebiyi, Marion; Adebiyi, Ezekiel; Bewaji, Clement; Nashiru, Oyekanmi

    2014-04-01

    Over the past few decades, major advances in the field of molecular biology, coupled with advances in genomic technologies, have led to an explosive growth in the biological data generated by the scientific community. The critical need to process and analyze such a deluge of data and turn it into useful knowledge has caused bioinformatics to gain prominence and importance. Bioinformatics is an interdisciplinary research area that applies techniques, methodologies, and tools in computer and information science to solve biological problems. In Nigeria, bioinformatics has recently played a vital role in the advancement of biological sciences. As a developing country, the importance of bioinformatics is rapidly gaining acceptance, and bioinformatics groups comprised of biologists, computer scientists, and computer engineers are being constituted at Nigerian universities and research institutes. In this article, we present an overview of bioinformatics education and research in Nigeria. We also discuss professional societies and academic and research institutions that play central roles in advancing the discipline in Nigeria. Finally, we propose strategies that can bolster bioinformatics education and support from policy makers in Nigeria, with potential positive implications for other developing countries.

  6. Food Insecurity in Nigeria: Way Forward

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Toshiba

    Nigeria is a recurrent and double digit problem. The paper however proffers workable solution to these problems. Introduction ... A household is considered food secure when it occupants do not live in hunger or fear of starvation (FAO 2001). Food security exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and ...

  7. STOCHASTIC MODELING OF INFLATION IN NIGERIA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2006-04-04

    Apr 4, 2006 ... In this paper, we adopt a time series approach in modeling inflation in Nig'eria using a four-decade data (1960- 1999) on consumer price index.. Logarithmic transformation was used to stabilize the variation in the data. On the whole four decades, a quadratic trend was obtained. This is also true with the ...

  8. Erectile dysfunction management options in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afolayan, Anthony Jide; Yakubu, Musa Toyin

    2009-04-01

    In Nigeria, the prevalence of erectile dysfunction (ED) among patients attending primary care clinics, age-standardized to the U.S. population in 2000 is 57.4%. This is considered high enough to warrant the attention of scientist for critical studies and analysis. The high ED prevalence is associated with etiologies such as psychosexual factors, chronic medical conditions, and some lifestyles. ED constitutes a major public health problem, influencing the patient's well-being and quality of life. It also leads to broken homes and marriages, psychological, social, and physical morbidity. To give an account of various ED management options in Nigeria. Review of peer-reviewed literature, questionnaire, and ethnobotanical survey to some indigenous herb sellers and herbalists. Cross cultural perspectives of ED management in Nigeria. The review suggests that traditional (phytotherapy, zootherapy, and occultism) and nontraditional, orthodox practice (drug therapy, psychological, and behavioral counseling) are applicable to ED management in Nigeria. This review should help in creating awareness into various options available for managing ED in the country, but does not recommend self medication of any form, be it the use of orthodox or herbal remedy.

  9. Dentistry and medical dominance: Nigeria perspective | Akande ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The relationship between medicine and dentistry in Nigeria from the time of colonial rule to date is highlighted. Records have shown that medical practice is much older than dental practice and this pioneering advantage in health education enhanced the establishment of the first medical school in Ibadan in 1948. Whereas ...

  10. Teacher Education in Nigeria: An Overview

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    and briefly examined the development of teacher in Nigeria. The. (NCE) National Certificate in Education is seen as an important and basic requirement for teachers to practice. The objectives of teacher education and the role of Commission for Colleges of. Education as well as the Curriculum of the NCE were examined by.

  11. Leadership, Governance and Corruption in Nigeria | Ologbenla ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the effect of corruption on governance and leadership in nation building, and the instrumentality by which the prevalent democratic system has been trying to curb/ eradicate corruption and instill good governance in Nigeria. The paper believes that fighting corruption at all levels is a priority, as it ...

  12. (ICTs) for Book Marketing in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigated the extent to which Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) are being used in book marketing. It also determined the constraints to ICTs use in book marketing in Nigeria. It made use of 210 marketing staff of book publishers in Ibadan and Lagos metropolis. Their educational qualifications ...

  13. Elections and Electoral Tribunal in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2011-04-19

    Apr 19, 2011 ... Abstract. This paper examines the Nigeria's electoral process and the recent decisions by the electoral tribunals. The Study adopts content analysis as its methodology. The major thrust of the paper is to investigate the extent to which the abysmal failure of the country's electoral system has affected.

  14. analytical overview of agricultural conditions in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PC USER

    The objective of the study was to assessed the susceptibility of different maize accessions / varieties in relation to their anti-nutritional factors. The experiment was done in Department of Crop Science Laboratory, University of Nigeria, Nsukka using a Complete Randomised Design (CRD) and F-LSD to separate the means.

  15. Psychogeriatrics and Psychogeriatric Services in Nigeria | Baiyewu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Psychogeriatrics services began in Nigeria in the 1960's with the work of Adeoye Lambo. Today, some limited progress has been made in services and a little more in research. A number of geriatric psychiatric clinics are available in some tertiary hospitals in the country, but there are significant unmet needs in clinical care.

  16. JONATHAN׳S TRANSFORMATIONAL LEADERSHIP IN NIGERIA ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Corporation (NNPC) and Petroleum Products Price Regulation Agency (PPPRA). Corruption in Nigeria is now cancerous and has eaten deep into the fabrics of the society. ... stimulate and encourage creativity in their followers. They nurture and develop people who think independently. For such a leader, learning is a value ...

  17. limits of copyright protection in contemporary nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mofasony

    2009-10-05

    Oct 5, 2009 ... to protect the incorporeal rights and creativity of its citizens against any undue infringement. ... piracy destination and market in the world invariably in the same products ostensibly protected by the ..... marketed in Nigeria and access to otherwise copyrighted product would be granted. This scenario paints a ...

  18. analytical overview of agricultural conditions in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PC USER

    to stews and in some cases there may not be a clear distinction between the two, however soups generally are more liquids ... to Nigerian food recipes. All Nigerian soups are served with eba (garri), Agidi, Amala, ... established by Cookery and recipe books. (Nigerian food recipes, 2012, Faleti, 1999, Food specialty Nigeria ...

  19. Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics publishes papers of the highest quality and significance in specific areas of physics, pure and applied, as listed below. The journal content reflects core physics disciplines, but is also open to a broad range of topics whose central theme falls within the bounds of physics.

  20. Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Journal of Technology and Education in Nigeria focuses on the following areas: Agriculture, Food Science, Technology/Engineering, Science and Applied Science, Vocational/Technical Education. Vol 17, No 2 (2012). DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Open Access DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT Subscription or Fee Access ...

  1. ENVIRONMENTAL POLLUTION IN NIGERIA: THE NEED FOR ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Shima

    environmental degradation and several other hazards such as widespread epidemics, depletion of natural habitats, and thus; impede the socio-economic development of Nigeria as a nation. The paper recommends awareness creation and change in attitudes for effective environmental and resources management ...

  2. Powering Nigeria through renewable electricity investments: legal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Renewable energy has a prominent role in promoting energy access and addressing environmental concerns with energy use in Nigeria. However, there are legal barriers that have not allowed renewable energy to be used in the Nigerian electricity sector. The absence of an effective legal framework to encourage and ...

  3. MANAGEMENT AND HUMAN VALUES IN NIGERIA: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    the best of their abilities. In support of human values as the chief driver of management change and the creator of ... examine the behaviour, attitude and value system of management in Nigeria and the role human values are ... there is no one best way to manage and that it depends on various situational factors, such as the ...

  4. Future demand for electricity in Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ibitoye, F.I.; Adenikinju, A.

    2007-01-01

    Availability and reliability of electricity supplies have always been vexed issue in Nigeria. With an estimated population of 130 million people in AD 2005, Nigeria is the most populous country in Africa and belongs to the group of countries with the lowest electricity consumption per capita in the continent. Nigeria is also ranked among the poorest countries in the world. This paper examines the likely trend in the demand for electricity over the next 25 years under the assumptions that (i) there is a rapid economic development such that Nigeria transforms from low- to middle-income economy during this period, (ii) Nigeria meets the millennium development goals (MDG) in AD 2015, and (iii) the country achieves the status of an industrializing nation. For these to happen, this paper projects that electric-power generation will have to rise from the current capacity of 6500 MW to over 160 GW in AD 2030. This level of supply will be significant enough to increase the per capita electricity consumption to about 5000 kWh per capita by the year 2030. Even then, this just compares with the AD 2003 per capital consumption of some industrializing countries. Analysis of the level of investment required to meet the projected power demand indicates that annual investment cost will rise from US3.8 billion in AD 2006 to a peak of US21 billion in AD 2028. The total investment stream over the 25 year period comes to US262 billion or roughly US10 billion per annum. (author)

  5. ASPECTOS CIENTÍFICOS Y BENEFICIOSOS DEL CULTO TANTRICO

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ratan Lal Basu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo se propone identificar y aislar lo científico y beneficioso de la falsedad, superstición y misticismo que envuelve al tantrismo. De todas las prácticas religiosas y semireligiosas antiguas de la India, el culto tántrico es el que ha conseguido el mayor reconocimiento y la mayor popularidad en todo el mundo. La razón de esta popularidad no ha sido el interés académico, espiritual o filosófico. Por el contrario, se lo ha asociado con promesas de obtener poderes mágicos y sobrenaturales, como también promesas de mejorar la potencia sexual y la intensidad del disfrute sexual y restablecer la potencia sexual perdida en las personas mayores. En la India, la gente común le confirió una mala reputación al culto tántrico. El misterio, la psicosis de culpa y temor también se asocian a este culto esotérico. El tantra en sí no es una religión pero ha penetrado en la mayoría de las comunidades religiosas y subreligiosas no solo de la India sino también de Tíbet, China, Japón y muchos otros países (especialmente asiáticos. En la India, son innumerables las asociaciones de tantra y los tántricos individuales en calidad de gurús (maestros con sus círculos de discípulos. Sin embargo, son muchos los aspectos del tantra que son científicamente demostrables y sus efectos son beneficiosos tanto para los individuos como la sociedad en su conjunto. En esta línea, al final del artículo se destacan algunos estudios que demuestran la reducción de los niveles de estrés como resultado de las prácticas tántricas. Este trabajo también apunta a inspirar a más investigadores competentes y eruditos a continuar con la tarea aquí iniciada. Abstract This article endeavors to identify and isolate the scientific and beneficial from falsehood, superstition and mysticism surrounding tantrism. Among the various ancient Indian religious and semi-religious practices, tantra cult has got the most widespread recognition and popularity

  6. Astaxanthin: structural and functional aspects Astaxantina: aspectos estruturais e funcionais

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Larissa Mont'Alverne Jucá Seabra

    2010-12-01

    ças cardiovasculares, degeneração macular e câncer. Pesquisas têm demonstrado efeitos satisfatórios da astaxantina obtida de fontes naturais assim como da obtida sinteticamente, porém os estudos em humanos se limitam à utilização de fontes naturais. Não há recomendação nutricional estabelecida para a ingestão diária de 4mg de astaxantina, mas muitos estudos relatam resultados benéficos com a ingestão diária média de 4mg. Assim, a presente revisão discute alguns aspectos do carotenóide astaxantina, com destaque para sua estrutura química e atividade antioxidante, mostrando também alguns estudos que relatam seu uso em humanos.

  7. O perfil dos ortodontistas em relação aos aspectos odontolegais dos prontuários odontológicos The profile of orthodontists in relation to the legal aspects of dental records

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giovanni Garcia Reis Barbosa

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: o objetivo deste estudo foi conhecer os principais aspectos legais relacionados ao exercício da Ortodontia que podem ser utilizados como importantes instrumentos de defesa em caso de ação ética e/ou judicial. MÉTODOS: realizou-se um estudo transversal com ortodontistas de Belo Horizonte/MG, por meio de instrumento próprio (questionário, abordando os aspectos éticos e judiciais que envolvem essa especialidade. Foi solicitado, no questionário, o preenchimento dos seguintes campos: identificação pessoal, formação acadêmica, acessórios ortodônticos, higiene bucal, plano de tratamento, prestação de serviço, documentação ortodôntica, prescrição medicamentosa e vias de comunicação com o paciente, dentre outros. RESULTADOS: um montante de 237 ortodontistas, registrados no CRO-MG e domiciliados em Belo Horizonte, receberam o instrumento de coleta de dados. Desse universo, 69 (29,11% responderam e devolveram os questionários. Dos 69 respondentes, 57,97% eram do gênero masculino e 42,03% do feminino. Em relação às instituições onde esses profissionais se graduaram, constatou-se que 52,17% deles se formaram em Instituições de Ensino Superior (IES privadas. Observou-se que 34,78% dos ortodontistas concluíram a especialização entre 5 e 10 anos após o término da graduação. A maioria dos profissionais (94,2% registra nos prontuários as quebras dos acessórios ortodônticos utilizados pelos pacientes e 53,62% desses ortodontistas arquivam, por todo o período de atividade profissional, a documentação ortodôntica dos pacientes. CONCLUSÕES: por intermédio desse estudo, ficou evidente que alguns parâmetros de análise foram bastante satisfatórios, como: a existência de modelos contratuais para a prestação de serviços, a comunicação com os pacientes e/ou os responsáveis por eles em caso de abandono de tratamento, o arquivo da documentação ortodôntica e o registro, no prontuário, de quebras e

  8. O exercício físico e os aspectos psicobiológicos

    OpenAIRE

    Mello,Marco Túlio de; Boscolo,Rita Aurélia; Esteves,Andrea Maculano; Tufik,Sergio

    2005-01-01

    O objetivo desta revisão é trazer parte dos estudos sobre um assunto pouco explorado: a relação entre o exercício físico e os aspectos psicobiológicos. A importância da compreensão desses aspectos e como eles afetam a qualidade de vida do ser humano é o que estimula as pesquisas sobre esse assunto. A literatura destaca que a prática regular de exercício físico traz resultados positivos não somente ao sono e aos seus possíveis distúrbios, mas também aos aspectos psicológicos e aos transtornos ...

  9. Aspectos subjetivos relacionados con la violencia intrafamiliar. Caso municipio de Sabaneta Antioquia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naidalis Yadira Martínez

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo identifica las interacciones en aspectos familiares y subjetivos. En el artículo se desarrollan los aspectos subjetivos de las dinámicas familiares que justifican el uso y la implementación de la violencia intrafamiliar, se da cuenta de la naturalización de la violencia intrafamiliar en la interacción de los grupos familiares, convirtiéndola en un elemento de la relación que se establece entre los miembros de la familia. En el análisis realizado se identifican aspectos coyunturales asociados a situaciones que se vivieron en la dinámica de la familia de origen, pero que al momento han sido pocas las condiciones que permiten la modi- ficación de estas conductas ya que las familias han asumido estas expresiones de violencia intrafamiliar como parte de sus vidas.

  10. Inflation in Nigeria: Possible determinants and remedies to tackle it in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Godly Otto

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The previous Governor of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN had intended to introduce the N5,000.00 currency bill into the Nigerian economy and claimed that such currency bill would help it manage the exchange rate especially against the dollar. This generated a huge outcry from the public especially economists. The major reason was that this introduction would generate inflation and also because the policy ran counter to the cash-less policy of the Central Bank of Nigeria. But to the Central Bank, there was no economic theory to suggest a currency redenomination could cause inflation. This debate once more threw up a need to reexamine the determinants of inflation in Nigeria. Generally, inflation could be cost push or demand pull but what drives the demand or informs cost quite often differ from one economy to another. This study examined the factors responsible for increasing cost of production and spending behaviour in Nigeria. It was able to identify 13 factors that impact on inflation. However, the degree of impact of each factor is left for another study. The study recommends that government should concentrate on providing social infrastructure that would encourage the private sector to invest and expand output, taking advantage of existing unemployed resources. This would help to stem inflation in Nigeria which is usually caused by scarcity

  11. Examination of Estate Marketing Practices in Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Joseph Oyewale Oyedeji; Dolapo Bose Akindele

    2017-01-01

    Estate marketing is an aspect of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. Previous studies on estate marketing identified that there are challenges affecting estate marketing and the resultant effect on these challenges affects the credibility of the profession of Estate Surveying and Valuation in Nigeria. This necessitates the need to examine the practice of estate marketing in Nigeria. This study examined estate marketing practice among estate surveyors and valuers in Ik...

  12. The Effect of International Business on SMEs Growth in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Oladimeji Moruff Sanjo; Muhammed Olaniyi Ibrahim

    2017-01-01

    The research examined the effect of international business on SMEs growth in a competitive environment, particularly Nigeria. The secondary data were gathered from the Nigerian Bureau of Statistics and the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) annual report. This study adopted ordinary least square method of data analyses. The finding revealed that trade openness as a measure of competitiveness and FDI has no significant effect on SMEs growth in Nigeria. It was also revealed that the exchange rate ha...

  13. La gestión por procesos, su surgimiento y aspectos teóricos

    OpenAIRE

    Daysi Ruiz-Fuentes; Rosa Mercedes Almaguer-Torres; Isabel Cristina Torres-Torres; Alejandro Miguel Hernández-Peña

    2014-01-01

    Abordó aspectos históricos y teóricos relacionados con la gestión por procesos, se precisa las potencialidades de su aplicación para el perfeccionamiento de la dirección de las empresas. Presentó un análisis de diferentes definiciones de este término a partir del c ual se determinan las regularidades que lo caracterizan. Se puntualizan algunos aspectos teóricos vinculados con esta forma de gestión empresarial.

  14. ASPECTOS E IMPACTOS AMBIENTAIS DE UM LABORATÓRIO DE BIOLOGIA

    OpenAIRE

    Jaísa Marília dos Santos Mendonça Oliveira; Robson Garcia Silva

    2016-01-01

    O presente trabalho tem como objetivo avaliar os aspectos e impactos ambientais de um laboratório de Biologia do IFRN Campus Natal Central (CNAT). A pesquisa é do tipo exploratória e descritiva, na qual foram adotados como procedimentos as pesquisas bibliográfica e documental e o estudo caso. Para avaliação de aspectos e impactos do laboratório foi adotado o método de Análise dos Modos e Efeitos das Falhas (FMEA). Como resultados constatou-se que nos doze processos do laboratório há oito tipo...

  15. Ethics of clinical trials in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Okonta, Patrick I

    2014-05-01

    The conduct of clinical trials for the development and licensing of drugs is a very important aspect of healthcare. Drug research, development and promotion have grown to a multi-billion dollar global business. Like all areas of human endeavour involving generation and control of huge financial resources, it could be subject to deviant behaviour, sharp business practices and unethical practices. The main objective of this review is to highlight potential ethical challenges in the conduct of clinical trials in Nigeria and outline ways in which these can be avoided. Current international and national regulatory and ethical guidelines are reviewed to illustrate the requirements for ethical conduct of clinical trials. Past experiences of unethical conduct of clinical trials especially in developing countries along with the increasing globalisation of research makes it imperative that all players should be aware of the ethical challenges in clinical trials and the benchmarks for ethical conduct of clinical research in Nigeria.

  16. Current status, challenges, and prospects of biopesticide utilization in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivase Tertsegha John-Paul

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The toxicity, persistence, and non-biodegradability of chemical pesticides have increased calls for the adoption of sustainable and cost-effective pest control measures. Biopesticides present a sustainable alternative to synthetic pesticides. However, the biopesticide utilization in agrarian countries like Nigeria remains low, resulting in increased chemical pesticide utilization. Therefore, this paper seeks to examine the current status, challenges, and prospects of biopesticides in Nigeria. The findings revealed that biopesticide utilization in Nigeria is low due to high costs, poor infrastructure, skilled manpower alongside inconsistent field performance and government policies. The solution to these challenges will significantly boost crop protection, food security, and sustainable agriculture in Nigeria.

  17. Crime in Nigeria: An Exploratory Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-02

    resource and human potential, Nigeria also has a history of corrupt government that tarnishes its reputation worldwide. Corruption hit its high point...necessary to bypass corrupt officials by directly talking to the people. It would be interesting to compare victim-reported crimes with government -reported...police are the most proximate face of the government in most communities. If they are failing, the federal government is failing. Counter Corruption

  18. Capitalist development and internal migration in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akor, R I; Mou, D

    1986-12-01

    The authors analyze internal migration trends in Nigeria by examining individual household strategies and how they have adapted to structural changes brought about by colonial rule and capitalist development. The first section of this article describes the structural changes that started the process of labor migration. The second section deals with post-independence industrialization and the consequent rural-urban migration. The final section analyzes the consequences of these migration patterns for urban growth and rural productivity.

  19. Dermatologic conditions in teenage adolescents in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henshaw EB

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Eshan B Henshaw,1 Olayinka A Olasode,2 Evelyn E Ogedegbe,3 Imaobong Etuk4 1Dermatology Unit, Department of Internal Medicine, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, 2Department of Dermatology, Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife, Osun State, 3Cedarcrest Hospital, Abuja, Federal Capital Territory, 4Department of Pediatrics, University of Calabar, Calabar, Cross River State, Nigeria Background: Skin disorders are common in adolescents, and the impact on quality of life can be enormous, particularly when viewed against the backdrop of the visibility of skin diseases and the psychologically vulnerable period of adolescence. However, few studies have documented the magnitude of skin disorders in this subset of individuals. We therefore estimated the point prevalence and pattern of dermatologic conditions in adolescents attending various secondary schools in Calabar, Southern Nigeria. Methods: Using a structured questionnaire, relevant sociodemographic information was obtained from 1,447 teenage adolescents from eight secondary schools. Thereafter, a whole body examination was conducted to determine the presence and types of skin disorders seen. Results: Skin diseases were seen in 929 students. The point prevalence was higher in males (72.1% than in females (58.3%. Private schools had a higher prevalence than public schools. The six most common dermatoses were acne vulgaris, pityriasis versicolor, nevi, tinea, miliaria, and keloid/hypertrophic scars, and accounted for over 80% of the dermatoses seen. Conclusion: The point prevalence of dermatoses in senior secondary school adolescents was 64.2%. Although a large number of skin disorders were observed, only a handful accounted for a significant proportion of the diseases seen. This increases the ease of training community health workers in the recognition and treatment of common skin diseases. Age, race, and climatic factors are important determinants of skin diseases in adolescents in

  20. Aspects of Aquatic Pollution in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    A.T. Ekubo; J.F.N. Abowei

    2011-01-01

    Water pollution is a major problem in the global context. Yet aquatic resources consists of extremely wide range of floral and fauna resources which offer a broad array of goods with potential utilitarian application in agriculture, innovative industry and the pharmaceutical industry which renders valuable benefits and services. The slow poisoning of the waters is witnessed in Nigeria and the destruction of vegetation and agricultural land by oil spills which occur during petroleum operations...

  1. Failed State 2030: Nigeria - A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-01

    Nigeria’s oil, gas, and mining revenues.12 President Yar’Adua pledges to uphold this transparency and serves as minister of en- ergy to oversee this...kaolin. Further, Nigeria possesses large natural resources of developable coal, gold, diamonds, bauxite , gypsum, barite, zinc, aluminum, copper, and... mining conglomerates. Investors in Nigeria’s strategic mineral mines will likely pave and widen existing roads to facilitate the transport of

  2. Population increases and educational policies in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fapohunda, O J

    1976-09-01

    Most governments today accept in principle that provision of education is a basic human right as embodied in article 26 of the Declaration of Human Rights. Through education, peace, good international relations, better prospects for economic developments, and improvement of human resources are possible. Despite this awareness, most governments cannot fulfill this requirement of education due to large population sizes, rapid growth and competition for scarce natural resources. An historical survey of the development of educational policies in Nigeria reveals that the Machiavellian policy of the colonial period largely created the present imbalance in the educational development of the Moslem north (where slow development was encouraged) compared to the Christian south. The 1st government participation in education by 1877 was minimal. The colonial government relied heavily on missionary educational activities. Political motives and religious conflicts between the northern and southern regions retarded missionary activities. Not until 1926 did active cooperation begin between the government and local states, reinforced by Elliot's Commission Report, the Phillipson Commission Report and the memorandum on Educational Policy in Nigeria. These reports laid out guidelines for government's aid and participation in provision of educational facilities. Post independence requirements for skilled manpower led to the adoption of the Ashby Commission Report as a basis for higher education. 1980 was set as the desired date for free compulsory education by a conference of African states. Nigeria, persuing this ideal goal, aimed at making education free at all levels and for every citizen. The burden and implications of these policies are examined in the context of projections of primary and secondary school enrollments, costs, and manpower needs. The cost of education is seen to rise with demand. By 1990, Nigeria will have about 24 million children to educate. With global

  3. Benign breast lesions in Eastern Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Anyikam, A.; Nzegwn, Martin A.; Olusina, Daniel B.; Okoye, I.; Ozumba, Ben C.

    2008-01-01

    Objective was to characterize benign breast diseases in Eastern Nigeria and to highlight the age variations of these lesions as base line data. The Department of Morbid Anatomy, University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu caters for over 30 million African blacks and receives 2000 surgical pathology specimens yearly. Seven hundred and twenty-two benign breast specimens were analyzed over 5 years from Ist January 2000 to 31 December 2004, out of 1050 breast samples received. Of 1050 breast specimens received, 722 (68.8%) were benign. Fibroadenoma was the most common lesion with 318 cases (44%), occurring at a mean age of 16-32 years. Next were fibrocystic changes with 165 cases (22.9%) at a mean age of 23-45 years. Normal breast in the axillary tail region was seen in 32 cases (4.4%), represented as no pathology, with a mean presentation age of 20-46 years. Low grade Phyllodes tumor had 28 cases (3.9%), presenting at an average mean age of 17-32 years. Lactating adenoma had 19 (2.6%) cases. Other lesions made up less than 3% each. Benign breast lesions peaked at the 20-24 age range and then declined. Most were females. Benign breast lesions occur more frequently than malignant breast lesions with a ratio of 2.3:1 and were presented 20 years earlier than their malignant counterparts. Fibroadenoma was the most common benign lesions followed by fibrocystic disease, similar to the findings in Western Nigeria. In Northern Nigeria, fibrocystic breast disease was more common. (author)

  4. Formal Housing Sector Reform in Neoliberal Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maren Mallo Daniel

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available In the past two decades, Nigeria has deployed neoliberal principles in the provision of formal housing. This approach was adopted on the assumption that the implementation of enabling reforms would enhance the role of the private sector and equally promote the development of a formal housing system in Nigeria. This has not occurred; the neoliberal housing approach has brought fewer results than the reform promised. The study therefore aims to explore the agency and actions of Nigerian authorities in response to this neoliberal agenda. To achieve this aim, the following objectives are pursued: The first objective analyses why neoliberalism failed to effectively change the housing market in Nigeria; the second examines the impact of neoliberal restructuring process on housing provision in Nigeria; and the last analyses the success of legislative reform that were carried to support housing provision under Nigeria’s neoliberalism. To achieve these objectives, the paper adopts a documentary method and in accordance with this, a wide range of documentary evidence was collected for a content analysis. The findings of the analysis suggest that economic recession, political instability and changing ideological stances of successive governments affected the consistency of neoliberal reforms. Furthermore, the reforms implemented were seen to be progressive but the events occurred rather slowly, haphazardly and uncoordinated. A time lag is also observed in the reform processes and the sequence of events shows a lack of consideration of the interdependency of legislation and action. This policy review concludes that the neoliberal approach has the potential to improve the delivery of formal housing; however the authorities need to be consistent with the reforms while at the same time aligning legislation and action.

  5. Managerial Behavior In Educational Organizations In Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Y.A. Fasasi

    2011-01-01

    Educational institutions are established at primary, secondary and tertiary levels in Nigeria, purposely to pursue and ensure the achievement of national objectives. Heads of these institutions are expected to perform management functions such as planning, controlling, organizing, staffing, leading, co-coordinating and directing all available resources towards actualization of the objectives. In carrying out these duties, a manager could adopt either a democratic or an autocratic style of adm...

  6. Capital Market and Unemployment in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bamidele M. Ilo

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines how the Nigerian capital market affects unemployment in Nigeria with a view to identifying how the market has been able to curtail unemployment over the years or otherwise. It employes annual series data from 1986 to 2012 on unemployment, market capitalization and other data obtained from the Central Bank of Nigeria, Statistical Bulletin. The study adopts the Johansson cointegration vector error correction technique for data analysis. The result shows that unemployment has risen unabatedly since the adoption of Structural Adjustment Programme (SAP with an average unemployment rate of 8.12 per cent for the period while market capitalization relative to the size the economy is 14.42 per cent. The analysis also shows that while, economic growth significantly curtails unemployment capital market development fails to limit unemployment. The stock market thus has grown over the years at the expense job creation in Nigeria. It is expected that efforts are geared towards efficient capital market development to enhance mobilization of funds for long term investments by firms and propel job creation along the value chain. The government should also focus on developing those labour intensive sectors of the economy while pursuing its economic growth policy.

  7. The Ministry of Christ Embassy, Lagos. Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.A. Falaye

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The ministry of Christ Embassy is one of the fastest growing indigenous churches in Nigeria. The Church is quite attractive to the youths and has grown in bounds all over the country, especially in the Southern part of Nigeria. On the strength of its wide spread coverage, and the age group that the church attracts, the writer is of the opinion that highlighting her activities would be of benefit to church historians and others in church ministry. The writer employed both historical and sociological methodology in his article. It is recommended that the founder of the church should make attempt to translate his sermons and other materials to main languages in Nigeria. The advantage is that the church would be able to reach out to several others. In addition, there is the need for openness especially in the area of financial management in the church. The financial aspect is said to be locked-in between the leadership. It is noted by the writer that such transparency would build greater confidence in others who may desire to join the church in future.

  8. Glazed Tiles as Floor Finish in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toyin Emmanuel AKINDE

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Tile is no doubt rich in antiquity; its primordial  show, came as mosaic with primary prospect in sacred floor finish before its oblivion, courtesy of, later consciousness towards wall finish in banquets, kitchens, toilets, restaurants and even bars. Today, its renaissance as floor finish is apparent in private and public architectural structures with prevalence in residential, recreational, commercial, governmental and other spaces. In Nigeria, the use of glazed tiles as floor finish became apparent, supposedly in mid-twentieth century; and has since, witnessed ever increasing demands from all sundry; a development that is nascent and has necessitated its mass  production locally with pockets of firms in the country. The latter however, is a resultant response to taste cum glazed tiles affordability, whose divergent sophistication in design, colour, size and shape is believed preferred to terrazzo, carpet and floor flex tile. Accessible as glazed tile and production is, in recent times; its dearth of a holistic literature in Nigeria is obvious. In the light of the latter, this paper examine glazed tiles as floor finish in Nigeria, its advent, usage, production, challenge, benefit and prospect with the hope of opening further frontier in discipline specifics.

  9. FIRST REPORTS OF CLINICAL PHARMACOKINETICS IN NIGERIA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael, O S

    2015-06-01

    The German Friedrich Hartmut Dost (1910-1985) introduced the word Pharmacokinetics. Clinical pharmacokinetics is the direct application of knowledge regarding a drug's pharmacokinetics to a therapeutic situation in an individual or a population. It is the basis of therapeutic drug monitoring with the ultimate goal of keeping drugs safe. This branch of pharmacology has become the most relevant to the sub-specialty of clinical pharmacology. First reports of Clinical Pharmacokinetics in Nigeria can be credited to two gifted Nigerians, Prof Ayodele O. Iyun and Prof Lateef A. Salako, both of whom were affiliated to the great institutions- University of Ibadan (UI) and the Teaching Hospital, University College Hospital (UCH). Prof A.O Iyun was Nigeria's first home-trained Clinical Pharmacologist, while Prof L.A. Salako played a most significant role in the creation of the Department of Clinical Pharmacology, UCH. This edition of the Chronicles highlights a few of the first reports of this exciting branch of pharmacology in Nigeria. This historical review is based on publications listed on the United States National Library of Medicine database (PUBMED).

  10. Progress toward poliomyelitis eradication in Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ado, J Mohammed; Etsano, Andrew; Shuaib, Faisal; Damisa, Eunice; Mkanda, Pascal; Gasasira, Alex; Banda, Richard; Korir, Charles; Johnson, Ticha; Dieng, Boubacar; Corkum, Melissa; Enemaku, Ogu; Mataruse, Noah; Ohuabunwo, Chima; Baig, Shahzad; Galway, Michael; Seaman, Vincent; Wiesen, Eric; Vertefeuille, John; Ogbuanu, Ikechukwu U; Armstrong, Gregory; Mahoney, Frank J

    2014-11-01

    Transmission of wild poliovirus (WPV) has never been interrupted in Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Nigeria. Since 2003, infections with WPV of Nigerian origin have been detected in 25 polio-free countries. In 2012, the Nigerian government created an emergency operations center and implemented a national emergency action plan to eradicate polio. The 2013 revision of this plan prioritized (1) improving the quality of supplemental immunization activities (SIAs), (2) implementing strategies to reach underserved populations, (3) adopting special approaches in security-compromised areas, (4) improving outbreak response, (5) enhancing routine immunization and activities implemented between SIAs, and (6) strengthening surveillance. This report summarizes implementation of these activities during a period of unprecedented insecurity and violence, including the killing of health workers and the onset of a state of emergency in the northeast zone. This report reviews management strategies, innovations, trends in case counts, vaccination and social mobilization activities, and surveillance and monitoring data to assess progress in polio eradication in Nigeria. Nigeria has made significant improvements in the management of polio eradication initiative (pei) activities with marked improvement in the quality of SIAs, as measured by lot quality assurance sampling (LQAS). Comparing results from February 2012 with results from December 2013, the proportion of local government areas (LGAs) conducting LQAS in the 11 high-risk states at the ≥90% pass/fail threshold increased from 7% to 42%, and the proportion at the 80%-89% threshold increased from 9% to 30%. During January-December 2013, 53 polio cases were reported from 26 LGAs in 9 states in Nigeria, compared with 122 cases reported from 13 states in 2012. No cases of WPV type 3 infection have been reported since November 2012. In 2013, no polio cases due to any poliovirus type were detected in the northwest sanctuaries of Nigeria. In

  11. Water quality issues in southern Nigeria

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ajayi, O.

    2000-07-01

    There is a keen awareness of the effects of water quality on human health and behaviour in developing countries arising from well documented cases which can be found in the literature. Also in Nigeria there are various concerns about incidents of toxic waste disposal, groundwater pollution through oil spillages, waste disposal practices by agricultural, domestic and industrial activities which affect the domestic water supplies and the environment. The aims of this paper are to highlight the role of water quality in human health; provide a framework for water related health assessment, present results of case studies and recommend appropriate strategies to safeguard human health from contaminated water sources. Major health problems, other than those due to micro-biological contamination of water sources, such as cholera and typhoid, have not been reported or linked to water supplies in Nigeria. Yet there are symptoms of and growing incidences of various diseases, such as psychopathic and neurological disorders which have been linked to contaminated water supplies in developed countries. The major, minor and trace concentrations of elements in water supplies in Nigeria are usually determined in the ppm range whereas most trace elements are hazardous to human health in the ppb or μg/l levels. The reason for this state of affairs is that the instrumentation required for determination of elemental concentrations at the ppb level is not readily available to researchers. Most reports on water quality do not provide any links to the major health problems which have been demonstrated elsewhere as responsible for major pathologic and neurologic disorders, including outright fatalities. Recent studies in Europe and Japan link several diseases, including kidney failure, mood disturbance and other neurologic disorders, heart, liver and kidney damage including death from eating poisonous fish caught in polluted waters, to contamination of water supplies by heavy metals in

  12. Aspectos cuantitativos de los programas universitarios de administración de empresas en Colombia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Henao Restrepo

    1991-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN La estabilización o el crecimiento en la oferta universitaria de este programa, en términos  cuantitativos como cualitativos, es uno de los aspectos críticos para las instituciones que postulan mejoras de calidad dentro de las nuevas reglas del mercado educativo.

  13. Aspectos do conceito de Utopia na filosofia antropofágica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Leite Costa

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.12957/periferia.2011.3413O artigo busca apresentar a antropofagia filosófica de Oswald de Andrade, a partir de aspectos do conceito de Utopia desenvolvidos pelo autor em uma série de ensaios e teses escritos nas décadas de 1940 e 1950.

  14. Aspectos de la imagen de la mujer desde la Prehistoria hasta la Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Sevillano San José, María Carmen; Rodríguez Cortés, Juana; Lahoz Gutiérrez, Lucía; Olarte Martínez, Matilde María

    2008-01-01

    Materiales de clase: Tema 4: La imagen de la mujer a través de la música Se pretende llegar a un conocimiento de la mujer en las sucesivas etapas históricas desde la prehistoria hasta la Edad Media, analizando sus aspectos sociales y su representación a través de la imagen.

  15. Exchange Rate Reform Policies and Trade Balances in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper investigates the effect of the exchange rate on the trade balance in Nigeria between 1970 and 2012. Annual data were collected from the Central Bank of Nigeria's Statistical Bulletin, and World Development Indicator of the World Bank. Co-integrating and Error Correcting Method were used for this estimation.

  16. Financial Reform and Financial Development in Nigeria: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study is a graphical illustration of the impact of the financial sector reform in Nigeria on some financial sector and real sector variables. The study showed that most of the variables used portrayed a failure in achieving the desired results. This puts Nigeria in the League of Nations that failed to achieve their objectives of ...

  17. Survey of computer systems usage in southeastern Nigeria | Opara ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Also, the resultant radical changes as well as advances in the techniques of data and information processing, storage, retrieval and dissemination in Nigeria within this 21st century is, no doubt, a revolution. The overview of the general level of deployment and application of CST in Nigeria is highlighted and the extent to ...

  18. productivity growth in food crop production in imo state, nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Prof. Adipala Ekwamu

    Agriculture plays pivotal roles in Nigeria including food security, employment, foreign exchange earnings and poverty reduction. This study examined the growth in food crop productivity in Imo State in Nigeria with emphasis on the decomposition of .... aggregates were used to define some variables such as land, labour and ...

  19. Carbon capture and storage (CCS) in Nigeria: fundamental science ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... consequences of its application are not well understood in many African countries like Nigeria that are majorly dependent on oil and gas economy and contributing emitters of greenhouse gases. This paper described the fundamental science of CCS and addressed the potential risks of its future implementation in Nigeria.

  20. Vitamin A cassava in Nigeria: crop development and delivery | Ilona ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Vitamin A cassava in Nigeria: crop development and delivery. ... African Journal of Food, Agriculture, Nutrition and Development ... By 2016, HarvestPlus and its partners had successfully developed and delivered vitamin A cassava varieties to more than one million farming households in Nigeria and the Democratic ...

  1. The status of adult education in Nigeria | Mambula | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper is an attempt at highlighting the Status of Adult Education in Nigeria. Although the main thrust of the paper is to explain why and how generally Adult Education has low esteem and status in Nigeria, attempts were made to offer some interpretations of the situation. The paper has also explained the meaning of ...

  2. Citizenship Education as a Panacea for Political Stability in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to address this prevailing condition, the paper believed that citizenship education is a veritable tool for solving the problem of political instability in Nigeria. The paper adopted descriptive and content analysis method. The paper opined that lack of political stability in Nigeria is due to lack of adequate attention to ...

  3. Modeling Selected Climatic Variables in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    2013-09-01

    Sep 1, 2013 ... The aim of this study was fitting the modified generalized burr density function to total rainfall and temperature data obtained from the meteorological unit in the Department of. Environmental Modelling and Management of the Forestry Research Institute of Nigeria. (FRIN) in Ibadan, Oyo State, Nigeria.

  4. Gender Disparity And The Challenges Of Governance In Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The political situation in Nigeria is particularly worrisome due to the domination of the scene by the male gender over their female folks. The low level of women representation at all levels of governance in Nigeria can be traced to the patriarchal orientation of some Nigerian society. Women are seen as the weaker sex, who ...

  5. Adapting gender budgeting support framework in Nigeria: Policy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    gender mainstreaming was employed. Preliminary findings indicate that despite the involvement of Nigeria in four international conventions, Nigeria is yet to adequately mainstream issues of gender into her national budgeting framework. It was also observed that challenges of adapting an easy accounting framework is ...

  6. Economic Cost of Elections in Nigeria: Lessons from the 2011 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Election is a process where people make choices of the people they want as their leaders within a democratic system. In recent time, elections in Nigeria have been characterised by fierce competition, corruption, violence and rigging. Election in Nigeria is executed at great cost by the government, political parties and ...

  7. Determinants of capital flight: the case of Nigeria | Okoli ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Through the least square regression analysis, this study constructs a model explaining the capital flight phenomenon in Nigeria. The revelation is that only a type of government exerts a significant effect on the volume of capital flight experience in Nigeria within the study period. Thus, it informs the conclusion that the volume ...

  8. Prevalence and correlates of snoring among adults in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objectives: To determine the prevalence and correlates of snoring in addition to morbidity in an adult population in Nigeria. Design: A cross – sectional survey of 370 young adult and adult living in Abuja, Nigeria.. Data were collected on socio- demographic characteristics, sleep pattern as well as occurrence of snoring, ...

  9. Contentious political pressure and democratisation in Nigeria - a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . E J Duru, I A Uno. Abstract. The paper is on contentious political pressures and democratization in Nigeria - A focus on MOSOP. The aim is to show the impact of contentious political pressures on the process of democratization in Nigeria ...

  10. Drug-resistance in chronic tuberculosis cases in Southern Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria has a high burden of tuberculosis but the drug resistant situationwas previously unknown. This report evaluates the firstline drug resistance and associated factors among chronic tuberculosis cases from the tuberculosis control programme in South south and South east zones ofNigeria. Descriptive study of chronic ...

  11. impact of ethical leadership on employee commitment in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    CIU

    Abstract. This study is on the impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Commitment in. Nigeria: A Study of Innoson Technical and Industrial Company Limited Enugu,. Nigeria. The study made use of Social Learning Theory. Social learning theory has been applied to ethical leadership as a means of explaining the primary ...

  12. Road Transportation and Traffic Law Enforcement in Nigeria: A case ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Road Transportation and Traffic Law Enforcement in Nigeria was established in order to reduce the increasing road crashes and fatalities as well as making road users comply with traffic Laws and regulations as a counter measure, which remain as a great challenge in Nigeria. This paper discussed the roles of the Federal ...

  13. Paediatric Refractive Errors in an Eye Clinic in Osogbo, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Paediatric ophthalmology is an emerging subspecialty in Nigeria and as such there is paucity of data on refractive errors in the country. This study set out to determine the pattern of refractive errors in children attending an eye clinic in South West Nigeria. Methods: A descriptive study of 180 consecutive ...

  14. Social factors in HIV and AIDS transmission in Nigeria | Akinwale ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines social factors in HIV and AIDS transmission in Nigeria through content analysis of archival materials. Efforts deployed to stop the disastrous consequences of HIV and AIDS remain relatively unsuccessful in Nigeria. The number of persons infected with HIV has escalated despite the high rates of ...

  15. Gender, Conflict and Human Security in Nigeria: Challenges and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... buttress the inadequacies of human security in Nigeria; strategies were proffered to tackle these challenges. The paper concluded that once the strategies are critically looked into and steps are taken to implement them, certain prospects will accrue to gender human security network in Nigeria. Gender and Behaviour Vol.

  16. Childhood acquired heart disease in Nigeria: an echocardiographic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Introduction: Acquired heart diseases (AHD) are not uncommon in children. The current multi-center study aims to provide a more representative data of AHD in Nigeria. Methods: Over 42 months, children referred for echocardiographic evaluation who had confirmed AHD in three centers in. Nigeria were recruited.

  17. Aero-disaster in Port Harcourt, Nigeria: A case study

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Aero-disaster in Nigeria is posing a serious problem to government, the public and relatives of victims, as many lives are lost in a single event. Materials and Methods: A case study based on an incident at an international airport in Nigeria on December 10,. 2005. Detailed autopsy was performed on 97 fully ...

  18. Security and Peace Mechanisms for Good Governance in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, governments at all levels have intensified efforts to address issues bordering on insecurity with a view to building security and peace for good governance. It is however, disheartening that despite various security measures put in place to tackle the problem, Nigeria is yet to be free from recurrent cases of armed ...

  19. Bio-diesel: A candidate for a Nigeria energy mix

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Eze, T.; Dim, L. A.; Funtua, I. I.; Oladipo, M. O. A.

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a review of bio-diesel development and economic potentials. The basics of biodiesel and its production technology are described. Attention is given to development potential, challenges and prospests of bio-diesel in Nigeria with ground facts on bio-diesel production feasibility in Nigeria highlighted.

  20. 47 Ethical Challenge of Desertification in Northern Nigeria Mark ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Tracie1

    that leads to other practical actions, it will save both human and natural environment in Northern Nigeria. Introduction. One of the crucial crises that humanity .... alternative sources of domestic energy such as kerosene, gas and electricity. One source of conflict in Northern Nigeria is often the struggle over grazing lands and ...

  1. Prevalence of Psychoactive Drug Use by Taxi Drivers in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Aim: To ascertain the prevalence and nature of psychoactive drug use amongst taxi drivers in Nigeria. Materials and Method: A total of 192 taxi drivers in Enugu, South East Nigeria was studied using a questionnaire. Information obtained from the questionnaire included socio-demographic characteristics of the drivers, ...

  2. The Underdevelopment of Nigeria: Who is to Blame - Failure of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper examines the underdevelopment of Nigeria: who is to blame: Failure of leadership or its' political economy. The paper highlights the features of underdevelopment in Nigeria. These range from, high rate of unemployment, inegalitarian distribution of income and wealth, high level of insecurity, increase level of ...

  3. Prevalence of snakebites in Taraba and Plateau States of Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Snakebite is a public health problem that plagues many rural communities in Nigeria. The full extent is hardly known due to outright unavailability of adequate medical records to indicate the incidence, mortality and morbidity in any state in Nigeria. This study was undertaken to outline the epidemiological profile of ...

  4. The Colonial Background to the Problem of Ethnicity in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is quite disturbing to note that in Africa today, there is no country that is not prone to chaos and anarchy due to the bogey of ethnicity. And Nigeria is no exception. As will be demonstrated in this essay, ethnicity in Nigeria (like in many other African countries), with attendant difficulties, is not as a result of `ancient hatred' ...

  5. Elections and Electoral Tribunal in Nigeria | Nwagboso | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the Nigeria's electoral process and the recent decisions by the electoral tribunals. The Study adopts content analysis as its methodology. The major thrust of the paper is to investigate the extent to which the abysmal failure of the country's electoral system has affected democracy in Nigeria, as well as ...

  6. Towards Optimising Pulp and Paper Production Capacities in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. In Nigeria, pulp and paper production capacities are low due to dependence on foreign inputs. Two of the three primary pulp and paper mills established in the 1960's to 1970's performed optimally till the 1980's. In 1985 and 1986, capacity utilization in Nigeria paper mill reached 62.3% and 66.17% respectively.

  7. Residency training programme in Nigeria- problems and prospects ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Postgraduate medical training is essential in the development of specialist manpower in health care delivery services. In this paper, postgraduate residency training in Nigeria was examined with highlights on the problems involved and the prospects. Keywords : Postgraduate, Residency, Medical, Nigeria, Training.

  8. Transport infrastructure and economic growth in Nigeria | Ighodaro ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper considered transport infrastructure and economic growth in Nigeria. Findings from the study show that in the three national development plans in Nigeria, road transportation system has been given more priority followed by water and air. It was found that the local government authority controls about 67% of the ...

  9. Computer training and professional library activities in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper investigated computer training and professional library activities in Nigeria. Stratified quota sampling technique coupled with questionnaire method was used for data collection. There were 260 subjects from the libraries in the South-West Nigeria out of which 245 responded and 213 copies of their questionnaire ...

  10. Mergers and Acquisitions and Banks Performance in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to strengthen the competitive and operational capabilities of banks in Nigeria with a view towards returning global and public confidence to the Nigerian banking sector and the economy in general, the Central Bank of Nigeria instituted a banking reform in 2004, which saw most of the then existing 89 banks merging ...

  11. The Almajiri educational system in Nigeria: cost and challenges ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper highlights the cost and challenges of the Almajiri system of education in Nigeria. The paper theoretically examines pertinent issues arising from its conduct and administration. Although the Almajiri system of education in Nigeria has attracted very large number of children in the Northern part of the country, it has ...

  12. Nigeria's Nascent Democracy and 'WAR' Against Corruption: A Rear ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    One of the problems facing the nascent democracy in Nigeria which is more pressing than economic development is the high rate of brazen corruption in virtually all facets of the polity's national life. Thus, the thrust of this paper is a review of the recent 'WAR' against corruption in Nigeria. The paper surveys a number of ...

  13. The military, ethnicity and democracy in Nigeria | Anugwom | Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the military, ethnicity and democracy within the context of Nigeria's historical and sociopolitical reality.. Nigeria's inability to foster a sustainable democratic tradition has negative consequences for the country and at present, it is engaged in the fourth attempt at democracy. The quest for democracy and ...

  14. Forceps delivery at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Forceps delivery at the University College Hospital, Ibadan, Nigeria. ... Ibadan, Nigeria. CO Aimakhu, O Olayemi, OO Enabor, FA Oluyemi, VE Aimakhu ... Methodology: A retrospective analysis of all forceps delivery done at this centre between the 1st of January 1997 and 31st December 2001, a 5-year period was done.

  15. Review of article palliative care in Nigeria: Challenges and prospects

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Method: This is a review article on of various policies and publications concerning Palliative care in Nigeria using different search engines such as Pubmed and Google. Conclusion: Palliative care implementation in Nigeria is still a work in progress with limited availability in health facilities in the country. Key words: ...

  16. Anuran parasites from three biotopes in Rivers State, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... for Nigeria and a multi-host parasite. We suspect Hyperolius concolor to be a paratenic rather than a definitive host for the immature Camallanus sp. recovered from the frog. Other parasites using anurans as paratenic hosts were also encountered. Keywords: Anurans, parasites, ecological biotopes, Rivers State, Nigeria ...

  17. A Critical Evaluation of Motor Vehicle Manufacturing in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper presents a broad analysis on why a truly made in Nigeria vehicle has not emerged on the Nigerian road and what could be done to remedy the situation. More than 60000 motor vehicles are being imported into the country annually of which more than 85% are used vehicles. Automobile plants in Nigeria are ...

  18. 65 ETHNICITY AND SOCIAL STABILITY IN NIGERIA: THE PLACE ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    Ethnicity And Social Stability in Nigeria: The Place of Religion - Kanayo Louis Nwadialor. & Amara Mary Uzoigwe. 66. Introduction. Nigeria has experienced waves of ethnic and communal violence in many parts of the country which have caused many lives to be lost and many others internally displaced with their.

  19. Critical assessment of Nigeria criminal justice system and the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study therefore assessed the Nigeria criminal justice system and the problem of awaiting trial in Port Harcourt Maximum Prison, Rivers State. Three research questions were raised to guide the study. The study adopted the survey research design. An 18-item questionnaire captioned “Questionnaire on Nigeria criminal ...

  20. Phytoplankton Diversity in the Cross River Estuary of Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. MIKE HORSFALL

    environmental health or biological integrity of a particular water body. The Cross River estuary has been described as one of the richest inland fisheries resources in Nigeria, contributing one of the highest quotas of fish production (Moses, 2000) and that 90% of Nigeria's total marine/brackish water output comes from this ...

  1. Breast cancer in young women in Ibadan, Nigeria | Ntekim | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Breast cancer in young women in Ibadan, Nigeria. ... African Health Sciences ... cancer in young females aged 40 years and below treated at the Radiotherapy Department of The University College Hospital, Ibadan Nigeria Methods: Records of female patients treated for breast cancer from 2003 to 2006 were reviewed.

  2. Neonatal Tetanus in Nigeria: One Social Scourge too many! | Akani ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Neonatal tetanus (NNT) is still a major cause of morbidity and mortality among neonates in Nigeria and every case is an embarrassment to the health services provided in the country. Nigeria is one of 27 countries that account for 90 percent of the global burden of NNT. Major contributors to the persistently high incidence of ...

  3. Comments on Regulation Issues in Modern Art Practice in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    Abstract. The practice of the visual arts in post-independence Nigeria has been variedly characterized. This has been more so since 1977 when the 2nd World. Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture was held in Nigeria. This epochal event is, today, said to have engendered mercantilism, a decline in standard of art ...

  4. ethical issues in the western nigeria development corporation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Nigersol Construction Company (NCC) and the Nigerian Water Resources Development Company. (NWRDC) were formed by the Western Nigeria government through its Western Nigeria Development. Corporation (WNDC) and Solel Boneh; an Israeli company. While WNDC held the controlling shares and interest of ...

  5. Methodological Issues in HIV-Related Social Research in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJRH Managing Editor

    This paper is about methodological issues in a community-wide study in Nigeria on an infectious disease, namely HIV/AIDS. The study was designed to ascertain the risk .... pooling of theories and methods of diverse disciplines together. As will be shown ..... indigenous African religions. Although Nigeria's urban centres are ...

  6. New Media and Political Advertising in Nigeria: Prospects and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    First Lady

    2012-10-27

    Oct 27, 2012 ... Abstract. This paper examines the new media as a tool for political advertising in. Nigeria vis- a-vis, the challenges and prospects. The new media, especially the Internet and Global System for Mobile Telecommunication (GSM) have become important political campaign tools in Nigeria and the world over.

  7. A Review on Malaria Eradication: What hope for Nigeria? * AMADI ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADOWIE PERE

    Factors Affecting Malaria Eradication n Nigeria : Several factors are known to militate against achieving malaria eradication in Nigeria. These factors are as follows: (1)Factors relating to the parasite: These include the species or strain of .... substandard drugs on sale in the market which will reduce the prevalence of malaria ...

  8. Youth unemployment in Nigeria: some implications for the third ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Youth unemployment in Nigeria: some implications for the third Millenium. ... Government in league with the private sector it is further suggested, can create job corps for school dropouts as one major remedy to unemployment. The paper further sees hope for Nigeria only if Youths are mobilized by way of genuinely ...

  9. All projects related to Nigeria | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Increasing Women's Access to Skilled Pregnancy Care in Nigeria (IMCHA). Project. Less than one-third of Nigerian women receive skilled care ... Topic: MATERNAL AND CHILD HEALTH, HEALTH SERVICES, HEALTH EDUCATION, AFRICA, Gender. Region: Nigeria, Canada. Program: Innovating for Maternal and Child ...

  10. Bushmeat trade in Amuro-Okigwe, Nigeria | Okorie | International ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Types, number and amount of bushmeat displayed for sale in a central bushmeat market in Amuro, Okigwe, Nigeria were recorded for 4 weeks in the month of November, which falls within the dry season in Nigeria. A total of 17 species of bushmeat were identified with the grasscutter, Thryonomis swinderianus, being the ...

  11. An Overview of Female Genital Mutilation in Nigeria | Okeke | Annals ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Pertinent literature on FGM retrieved from internet services [Google search on FGM in Nigeria, www.online Nigeria, PubMed of the national library of medicine ... The ongoing drive to eradicate FGM is tackled by World Health Organization, United Nations International Children Emergency Fund, Federation of International ...

  12. Impact of Sex Education in Kogi State, Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sule, H. A.; Akor, J. A.; Toluhi, O. J.; Suleiman, R. O.; Akpihi, L.; Ali, O. U.

    2015-01-01

    The focus of this study was to investigate the impact of family sex education in secondary schools on students in Kogi State, Nigeria. The descriptive survey design was used for the study. A total of 1,960 secondary school students were drawn by stratified random sampling from 40 schools within Kogi State, Nigeria. Three research questions were…

  13. Funding of Vocational and Technical Education in Nigeria in Times ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Funding has been the bane of education in Nigeria. The global economic recession eventually came to complicate the matter. This notwithstanding, the focus of Vocational and Technical Education with regard to skills acquisition cannot be compromised. This paper x-rays the education funding pattern in Nigeria, assesses ...

  14. Contractual arrangements in the Nigeria's oil industry | Onyi-Ogelle ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria is about the 7th largest producer of oil in the world by virtue of which she is a major player at the international oil market. But Nigeria is not technologically self-sufficient; hence, requires the developed nation's technology to enable her maximally explore and produce the oil and gas she is rich in. To achieve this ...

  15. Teaching and Learning Language and Literature in Nigeria for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper discusses the place of language and literature pedagogy in Nigeria for national security and crime prevention. Employing a descriptive survey and a review of related literature, the paper presents an assessment of the security situation in Nigeria including the causes of insecurity in the country. It contends that ...

  16. Plantar dermatoglyphic features of the Urhobos of southern Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To establish the dermatoglyphic features of the Urhobos of southern Nigeria. Design: Cross sectional study of randomly selected Urhobo subjects. Setting: Department of Anatomy, College of Health Sciences, Univeristy of Port Harcourt, Port Harcourt, southern Nigeria. Main outcome: Plantar and digital pattern ...

  17. Status of Abattoir Wastes Research in Nigeria | Ezeoha | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In order to develop optimized abattoir wastes management strategies that would ensure reduction in environmental pollution in Nigeria, this paper proposes some research considerations on the pollution potential of abattoir wastes in Nigeria. The paper aims at stimulating increased research in the area of abattoir wastes ...

  18. Fiscal Deficits and Inflation in Nigeria | Ozurumba | Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journal of Research in National Development ... This paper examines the causal relationship between inflation and fiscal deficits in Nigeria, covering the period 1970-2009. This was ... It is recommended that policies targeted at inflationary control in Nigeria could best be achieved if they are aimed at fiscal deficits reduction.

  19. Religion and labour force participation in Nigeria: is there any ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper provides answers to the question on the effects of religion on female labour force participation in Nigeria, using trend analysis from three Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) and secondary data. The study reveals that female labour force participation in Nigeria increased from 39.3% in 1990 to 48.1% in ...

  20. Nursery School Education in Nigeria: Impact on Families and Society.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akinsanya, Sherrie K.

    An overview of preschool education in Lagos State, Nigeria, is particularized with findings from a survey of 156 teachers in 25 Nigerian nursery schools. In Nigeria, urbanization has been accompanied by rapid growth in the number of pre-primary institutions. The educational aims of such institutions include both cognitive and social-emotional…

  1. National Poverty Eradication Programmes in Nigeria: Problems and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Poverty is one of the forces militating against the social and economic development of Nigeria. The level of poverty in Nigeria is astronomically high and politically embarrassing considering the enormous human and mineral resources the country is endowed with and despite the huge resources successive government ...

  2. Gender Disparity in Enrolment into Basic Formal Education in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR Nneka

    Adeyemi College of Education. P. M. B. 520, Ondo,. Ondo State, Nigeria ... Nigeria with special focus on enrolment in basic education that is at the primary and junior secondary schools level, the reason for the ... King (1990) is convinced that the total benefits of education to the society are multiplied when basic education is ...

  3. Adoption practices in Enugu, Nigeria | Aniebue | Nigerian Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study of the pattern and outcome of adoptions in Enugu, Nigeria in order to determine the challenges in the emerging adoption practice in the state. Aretrospective analysis of adoption practices in Enugu Nigeria based on data from the National women\\'s Commission. The NationalWomen\\'s Commission is the statutory ...

  4. Hepatitis B Virus infection in Nigeria – a review | Emechebe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, the transmission of hepatitis B virus occurs mainly during childhood and all the risk factors (like blood transfusion, sexual promiscuity, lower socioecomic status etc) implicated elsewhere in the spread of the virus in the general population also play role in Nigeria. Conclusion: Reduction in the of hepatitis B virus ...

  5. Mixed farming in a grazing reserve in Northern Nigeria | Babalobi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria's main pastoral development strategy is the settlement of pastoralists in grazing reserves. The goal of the strategy is to turn such nomadic pastoralists into mixed farmers who will take up crop farming to supplement livestock farming. Using the Bobi Grazing Reserve, Niger State, Nigeria as case study, the attainment ...

  6. Nigeria: Power and Democracy in Africa. Headline Series No. 257.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herskovits, Jean

    This booklet traces the emergence of a democratic government in Nigeria through military dictatorship to the writing of a constitution fashioned on the American model. Chapters include: (1) "Prologue"; (2) "Nigeria Defined"; (3) "Tragedy and Recovery: The First Republic and the Federal Military Government"; (4)…

  7. Role of information dissemination in combating corruption in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper therefore has attempted to X-ray the role of information in combating corruption in Nigeria. The paper looked at the concept and history of corruption in Nigeria, the nature and characteristics of corruption, causes of corruption, the effects of corruption, challenges as well as the efforts of various governments in ...

  8. Reciprocity in International Affairs: An Analysis of Nigeria/South ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DrNneka

    2012-03-07

    Mar 7, 2012 ... It argued that the principle of reciprocity in international relations came to the fore in the row. The paper made the point ... Key Words: Reciprocity, International, Affairs, Diplomatic face-off, Nigeria, South. Africa. Introduction. In an increasingly ...... Public Law 3 (1), 105 – 111. Emewu, I. (2012). Nigeria, South ...

  9. Review: Maize research and production in Nigeria | Iken | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Maize (Zea mays) is a major important cereal being cultivated in the rainforest and the derived Savannah zones of Nigeria. Land races, improved high yielding and pest and diseases resistant varieties of maize have been developed. Key words: Maize, Zea mays, Nigeria. African Journal of Biotechnology Vol.3(6) 2004: 302- ...

  10. The challenges of religion and ethnic identity in Nigeria | Ibezim ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the challenges of religion and ethnic identity in Nigeria. Albeit religion and ethnic identity give people a sense of belonging, but there are factors that impede their progress in Nigeria. These factors were identified through secondary source of data collections and simple observation. The findings show ...

  11. Employablity Skills among Graduates of Estate Management in Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egbenta, Idu Robert

    2015-01-01

    There is wide claim that employers have a high level of dissatisfaction associated with graduates from Nigeria higher institutions of learning. This paper examines whether graduates of estate management in Nigeria higher institutions have employability skills for productive employment. The study randomly sampled 59 principal partners or heads of…

  12. Caesarean section on maternal request in north-eastern Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    McRoy

    2014-03-30

    Mar 30, 2014 ... views of pregnant women in two tertiary institutions in Nigeria towards caesarean delivery on maternal request. ... perception and attitude toward caesarean delivery are encouraging. The low number of maternal request ..... and Health Survey 2008. Abuja,. Nigeria: National Population Commission and ICF.

  13. Determinants of stock market development in Nigeria using error ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Determinants of stock market development in Nigeria using error correction model approach. ... This study sought to examine empirically whether stock market liquidity, savings rate, investment ratio, and foreign direct investment (FDI) were determinants of stock market development in Nigeria from 1970-2007. Using ...

  14. Clinical Profile Of Atopic Dermatitis In Benin City, Nigeria | Onunu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To study the clinical presentation and management problems of atopic dermatitis in Benin City, Nigeria. Design: A 15-year retrospective study from May 1985 to April 2000. Setting: Dermatology clinics of the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria. Subjects: All new cases of atopic dermatitis ...

  15. Child Labour in the Context of Globalisation in Nigeria | Anugwom ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper argues that the incidence of child labour in Nigeria has been heightened by globalisation, particularly the economic rationalism underlying it. Child labour is now a feature of urban dwelling in Nigeria where the sight of youngsters and children engaged in various forms of labour is quite common. Globalisation in ...

  16. Perception of patients attending a tertiary hospital in Nigeria about ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2013-01-02

    Jan 2, 2013 ... Background: Criteria for a good dental practice as expressed by patients have influence on their behavior in terms of .... attention in Nigeria.[10] Therefore, this study assessed the opinion of patients attending the dental clinic of a tertiary hospital Southwestern, Nigeria about their perception of a good dental ...

  17. Oil minorities and the politics of resource control in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper examines the contentious nature of resource control and distribution in Nigeria. It avers that resource control has been a big problem confronting the Nigerian state from inception. This fact has not been helped by the heterogeneous nature of Nigeria, the weak capacity of the Nigerian state, the politics of resource ...

  18. Work Ethics and Productivity in Local Government System in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The main thrust of this paper is motivated by the desire to examine the implications of the negative work attitudes that is prevalent among the employees of the local government system in Nigeria. The paper argued that the Nigeria local government system is engulfed in Negative work tendencies characterized by such ...

  19. Productivity growth in food crop production in Imo State, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Agriculture plays pivotal roles in Nigeria including food security, employment, foreign exchange earnings and poverty reduction. This study examined the growth in food crop productivity in Imo State in Nigeria with emphasis on the decomposition of total factor productivity (TFP) into technical progress, changes in technical ...

  20. Land Use Correlates of Street Children in Ogbomoso, Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It recommends, therefore that urban planners, governments as well as individuals have roles to play in proffering solutions to the ... children. Street children have been a recurrent theme which, for long, has captured the attention of urban scholars internationally and within Nigeria. In Nigeria, street children are seen in their ...

  1. Status of Wood Processing and Storage in Nigeria | Ohagwu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The work showcases wood processing and storage operations in Nigeria. The importance of wood as a multipurpose biomaterial were discussed as well as its nature, characteristics, lumbering pattern and other product derived from wood. The available wood/timber in Nigeria as well as the unit operations in wood ...

  2. Medicolegal autopsies in North Central Nigeria | Mandong | East ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the pattern and the causes of deaths reported to the coroner for medicolegal autopsies in North Central Nigeria. Design: A descriptive retrospective study. Setting: Jos University Teaching Hospital, Jos, Nigeria between January1996 to December 2003. Subjects: Autopsies reports of 279 subjects ...

  3. Banking industry reform and consolidation in Nigeria: prospects and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Banking industry reform and consolidation in Nigeria: prospects and challenges of adopting the Malaysian model. EJ Idolor, MG Ajao. Abstract. No Abstract. Nigeria Journal of Business Administration Vol. 6(1) 2004: 118-132. Full Text: EMAIL FULL TEXT EMAIL FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL ...

  4. Factors Affecting Oil Palm Production in Ondo State of Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The discovery of crude oil and the civil war adversely affected oil palm production in Nigeria. This has resulted in scarcity and high cost of palm products and palm oil. The study therefore investigated the factors influencing oil palm production in Ondo State, Nigeria. One hundred and fifty respondents were selected from ...

  5. Psychiatric Institutions and the Emerging Institutional Scene in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Western - style orthodox psychiatric services are found in Nigeria. Yet a lot of people prefer non-orthodox services particularly the pentecostal churches and traditional healers. Aim: This study is a review of the literature pertaining to inadequate impact of orthodox psychiatric institutions and services in Nigeria.

  6. Mass Poverty in Nigeria: Cultural Bases, Causes and Remedies ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Apart from these, mass poverty in Nigeria, is tacitly encouraged by the government whose various policies and programmes have been tailored to further impoverish the masses. The widespread poverty in Nigeria is webbed around a culture that situates people and their offsprings in a particular social strata and engenders ...

  7. Trends in ectopic pregnancy in Ilorin, Nigeria | Aboyeji | Nigerian ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the incidence, trends aetiological factors, clinical presentation and management of ectopic pregnancy at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Methods: Retrospective study of ectopic pregnancies at the University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Ilorin, Nigeria. Results: The incidence of ...

  8. Primary head and neck cancers in north eastern Nigeria | Otoh ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Primary head and neck cancers in north eastern Nigeria. EC Otoh, NW Johnson, IS Danfillo, OA Adeleke, HA Olasoji. Abstract. Background:To document the pattern of primary head and neck cancers in North Eastern Nigeria. Study DesignA record-based study of primary head and neck cancers histologically diagnosed at ...

  9. Has Rural Banking Developed Rural Nigeria? | Amadasu | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    There is problem of rural development in Nigeria because of increasing poverty in the rural areas where about 70% of the people live. Reducing poverty means increasing income. Increasing income means increasing bank loans and advances for efficient application to agricultural and industrial activities in the rural Nigeria ...

  10. Problems And Counselling Needs Of Unemployed Youths In Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Problems And Counselling Needs Of Unemployed Youths In Nigeria. ... African Journal for the Psychological Study of Social Issues ... Unemployed youths in Nigeria have problems in clusters of finance, family- related, health–related and socio-psychological and their most counselling need is how to develop skills that will ...

  11. Nigeria Gas Utilization Study: Presentation of NGUS Findings

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-10-01

    The Nigeria gas utilization study is an assessment of the magnitude and distribution of Nigeria's discovered and undiscovered gas, an estimate of gas composition emphasizing ethane and liquids content. It also assesses, at a scoping level, the cost to develop, produce and deliver gas for domestic and export projects

  12. Rural development and poverty eradication in Nigeria | Egwemi ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria today, poverty is clearly one of the most profound problems being grappled with and contributing substantially to the erosion and undermining of the foundations of peaceful co-existence and stable national development. It is increasing, and deepening by the day engulfing an overwhelming majority of Nigeria's ...

  13. The search for local government autonomy in Nigeria: legal and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This article examines the status of the local government under the tripartite governmental system in Nigeria that has been in operation since 1979. It reviews the various reforms that the administration of local government has gone through from the colonial era till 1999 when the extant Constitution of Nigeria came into force.

  14. the search for local government autonomy in nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    RAYAN_

    THE SEARCH FOR LOCAL GOVERNMENT AUTONOMY. IN NIGERIA: LEGAL AND INSTITUTIONAL. PATHWAYS TO ITS REALIZATION. Ifeolu J. Koni*. ABSTRACT. This article examines the status of the local government under the tripartite governmental system in Nigeria that has been in operation since 1979. It reviews ...

  15. Psychosocial perspectives on music piracy in Nigeria | Loko ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The incursion of record piracy into the mainstream of Nigeria's music recording industry in the early 1970s has been a bad omen for the recording industry because of its tremendous negative impact on the industry's growth. Though it has remained an integral part of the recording industry globally, however, in Nigeria it has ...

  16. Indirect Monetary Policy Reforms and Output Growth in Nigeria: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In Nigeria, monetary management has undergone several changes (reforms) since the inception of the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN). These changes could be grouped broadly into two, namely, those changes which took place when monetary management was largely based on direct controls and those changes which ...

  17. Use of ICT Application in Improving Guidance Services in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study theoretically surveys several ways ICT application can help in improving guidance services in Nigeria. The findings show that ICT application has helped client to increase self awareness among others. The study also highlights challenges faced in the application of ICT in Nigeria.

  18. Effects of insecurity and challenges on females' education in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Concerned about the possible adverse effects insecurity and its attendant challenges might have on Nigeria's goal of enhancing females' education throughout the country, the paper investigated the effects of insecurity on females' education in Nigeria. Using secondary data, the paper identified the diverse manifestations ...

  19. Alleviating poverty and hunger in Nigeria: Lessons from the United ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Unless, these twin problems are tacked urgently, they are likely to undermine the survival of Nigeria as a nation. In this regard Nigeria can learn from the experience of the United States of America, which has been able to reduce its poverty and hunger to a minimum level. Lwati: A Journal of Contemporary Research Vol.

  20. Counselor Preparation in Nigeria and the United States of America ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper compares and contrast counsellor-training programs in two institutions from different cultures. The University of Ilorin, Nigeria and The Pennsylvania State University. While the United States is. an industrialized western nation, Nigeria is a developing African nation. A comparative inquiry of this nature is likely to ...

  1. Determinants of Rural Development in Edo State, Nigeria: An ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    About 70% of the total population in Nigeria lives in the rural areas, while half of this population is without proper-formal education (World Bank 2005). Data for this study which is on the Determinants of rural Development in Edo State, Nigeria were collected through the primary and secondary sources. Primary data were ...

  2. Impact of ethical leadership on employee commitment in Nigeria- a ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study is on the impact of Ethical Leadership on Employee Commitment in Nigeria: A Study of Innoson Technical and Industrial Company Limited Enugu, Nigeria. The study made use of Social Learning Theory. Social learning theory has been applied to ethical leadership as a means of explaining the primary method by ...

  3. Women empowerment as measure of good governance in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper discussed the status of women empowerment as a measure of sustainable good governance in Nigeria. The study examines the variables used as measures of women empowerment. Information were derived from secondary data drawn mainly from 2003 Nigeria Demographic and Health survey (NDHS), and ...

  4. Educational reform in Nigeria: the case of Multicultural Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper deals with the educational philosophy of a well-known Turkish Islamic scholar, Fethullah Gülen and its application to schools in Nigeria. Gülen- inspired schools in Nigeria are peace islands in the ocean of violence, and promote love, greater empathy, tolerance and peace in a society deeply divided along ethnic, ...

  5. Managing the soil for enhanced food production in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper reviews soil management practices for enhanced food production in Nigeria. The different types of soil in Nigeria were discussed. The paper further gave details of the management practices that farmers could benefit from to enhance their productivity. These included alley cropping, agro-forestry, minimum ...

  6. Private Sector Participation in Financing Road Network in Nigeria: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Private Sector Participation in Financing Road Network in Nigeria: A Critical Review of the BOT Model. ... issues have to be addressed before a country like Nigeria with a glaring weak and corrupt legal system, shaky and weak financial system and political instability will begin to enjoy the advantages in the BOT framework.

  7. Nigeria as a Potential Terrorist Haven Explaining the Convergence ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Is Nigeria a possible terrorist haven? This article aims to answer this question from two perspectives: international and domestic terrorism. From the perspective of international terrorism and in the standpoint of Western liberalism, for a foreseeable future Nigeria cannot be a haven for terrorism. This is the impossibility ...

  8. Fiscal Restructuring in Nigeria: A Historical Review | Elekwa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria's fiscal relations have been characterized by bias, distrust and contention in the setting of principles or formula for revenue sharing between and among the various units of governments. The consequence of this misnomer is the habitual conflicting pattern of relations it has brought about in Nigeria. This unsavory ...

  9. Research and Development Potentials in Biofuel Production in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Research and Development Potentials in Biofuel Production in Nigeria. ... Although, Nigeria's natural resource wealth (including renewable energy potentials) has been well documented and acknowledged, the contribution of renewable energy sources to the total national energy supply and demand is currently very low or ...

  10. Diabetes advocacy and care in Nigeria: A review | Chinenye ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This review paper aims to highlight the increasing burden of Diabetes in Nigeria; the advocacy; policy and frame-work for integrating Diabetes care into the primary healthcare system in Nigeria. Methodology: This is a review paper and sources of information were from International and local healthcare policies and plan of ...

  11. Cervical epithelial changes in a tertiary hospital in northern Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Cervical epithelial changes in a tertiary hospital in northern Nigeria. PH Daru, IC Pam, J Musa, MG Daniyan, OI Silas, OA Adesina, IF Adewole. Abstract. Introduction: Cervical cancer is the commonest gynaecological malignancy in Nigeria, accounting for most deaths from cancers in women. Screening remains one of the ...

  12. Obstetric outcome of twin pregnancies in Jos, Nigeria | Mutihir ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Obstetric outcome of twin pregnancies in Jos, Nigeria. JT Mutihir, VC Pam. Abstract. Objectives: The objectives of the study were to determine the incidence, maternal and foetal outcome of twin delivery in Jos, Nigeria. Methodology: All consecutive twin deliveries between August 2003 and November 2004 were studied.

  13. New Media and Political Advertising in Nigeria: Prospects and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the new media as a tool for political advertising in Nigeria vis- a-vis, the challenges and prospects. The new media, especially the Internet and Global System for Mobile Telecommunication (GSM) have become important political campaign tools in Nigeria and the world over. This paper is guided by the ...

  14. Comments on Regulation Issues in Modern Art Practice in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The practice of the visual arts in post-independence Nigeria has been variedly characterized. This has been more so since 1977 when the 2nd World Black and African Festival of Arts and Culture was held in Nigeria. This epochal event is, today, said to have engendered mercantilism, a decline in standard of art products, ...

  15. Comment: Towards a Viable Local Government Structure in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Comment: Towards a Viable Local Government Structure in Nigeria: Overview of US and German Local Government Systems. ... The comment suggests a system that will be in tune with the Nigerian local milieu. Key terms: Local government, local administration, one-tier model, two-tier model, hybrid structure, Nigeria ...

  16. Positivism and Nigeria's philosophy of education | Ochulor | Global ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We detected that Nigeria's 6–3-3–4 educational system is a technologically oriented system. We argued for parity of esteem between Science and Liberal Arts, as a condition for genuine development in Nigeria. Our paper maintained that it is wrong just to focus on developing the worker in the man through science and ...

  17. Islamic banking and the question of secularism in Nigeria | Kareem ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Since the introduction of Islamic banking in Nigeria, the importance of secularism has been the object of discussion, with the general belief by a large number of people that Islamic banking will Islamise Nigeria and disrupt its secularity. It is against this backdrop that this paper discusses the issue of secularism in relation to ...

  18. Analyzing Nigeria's leadership enigma: The relevance of George ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    However, presently, there is a growing realization that no single factor has actually impacted negatively on the development of African states and Nigeria especially, like leadership. Thus, in line with the mindset of Chinua Achebe, the problem with Nigeria appears to be simply and squarely a failure of leadership. Today ...

  19. NIGERIA AND THE ENIGMA OF POLICY IMPLEMENTATION Osita ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    NGOZI

    mal- implemented to benefit only a section of the society. The burden of this paper; however is to critically explore the reasons that militate against effective implementation of policies in Nigeria and proffer solutions to these perennial problems in Nigeria. CONCEPT CLARIFICATION: Public Policy: Different definitions of ...

  20. The Determinants of Real Exchange Rate Volatility in Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Rahel

    Definition and Construction. Source. Nominal Exchange. Rate. Bilateral Exchange rate of Nigeria Naira to US. Dollar. Central Bank of. Nigeria (CBN). Real Exchange Rate. Nominal Exchange Rate/Consumer Price. Index. CBN. Volatility of Nominal. Exchange Rate. Standard Deviation of the log differences of real exchange ...

  1. Building Resilience in Nigeria's Energy Sector for Sustainable ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Resilience is the capacity of a system to absorb disturbance and reorganize while undergoing change so as to still retain essentially the same function, structure, identity, and feedbacks. Incidentally, Nigeria's energy sector is the heart beat of the nation. This paper therefore analyses resilience building efforts in Nigeria's ...

  2. VISUAL ART APPRECIATION IN NIGERIA: THE ZARIA ART ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ndubuisi

    2017-02-02

    Feb 2, 2017 ... award a Diploma certificate in art, Nigerian College of Arts, Science and Technology. (NCAST). NCAST ... their permanent site at Zaria, in northern Nigeria, with 16 students. This paper focuses on ... Onabolu was the first Nigeria artist to receive a formal education in art, thus he single- handedly brought ...

  3. Educational reform in Nigeria: the case of Multicultural Education for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Keywords: love, Nigeria, peace, qualitative study, tolerance. Introduction. Nigeria, a strikingly beautiful, multicultural country (its people derive from nearly 250 cultures and languages), is a constitutional republic comprised of 36 states and one. Federal Capital Territory (Abuja). Colonised by the British in the late nineteenth ...

  4. Ethical issues in the western Nigeria development corporation and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Nigersol Construction Company (NCC) and the Nigerian Water Resources Development Company (NWRDC) were formed by the Western Nigeria government through its Western Nigeria Development Corporation (WNDC) and Solel Boneh; an Israeli company. While WNDC held the controlling shares and interest of ...

  5. Cancer distribution pattern in south-western Nigeria | Awodele ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The burden of cancer in Nigeria is appreciable with about 100,000 new cancer cases been reported in the country each year. This study aimed to determine the level of occurrence and pattern of distribution of different cancer types in two major functional cancer registries in south-western Nigeria. A desk review of the level ...

  6. Female genital tract cancers in Sagamu, southwest, Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To describe pattern of female genital tract cancers seen at Olabisi Onabanjo University Teaching Hospital (OOUTH), Sagamu, Nigeria. Design: This is a retrospective review of all cases of female genital tract cancers managed at the Gynaecology department of OOUTH, Sagamu, Nigeria. Setting: OOUTH is a ...

  7. ORAL PROTOZOA IN A NIGERIA POPULATION | Ozumba | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    A study aimed at establishing the occurrence of oral protozoa in a Nigeria population was carried out over a 6-month period, January 1998 to June 1998. A total of 203 dental patients attending the dental clinics of the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital (UNTH), Enugu were involved. Scrapings of plaque were taken ...

  8. Corruption and Direct Foreign Investments in Nigeria | Coker ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The paper notes that Corruption impacts negatively on the flows of direct foreign investment into Nigeria. The initiative by governments in Nigeria to reduce the incidence of corruption in the country has been discussed, and the problems and gains of such programmes elucidated. We recommend among others; that: all ...

  9. 153 Monetary Policy and Nigeria's Economic Development (Pp. 153 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    2010-10-17

    Oct 17, 2010 ... Senior Lecturer, Department of Financial. Management Technology, School of Management Technology, Federal. University of Technology, Owerri, Nigeria. Email: leakujuobi@yahoo.com. Abstract. This study investigated the impact of monetary policy instruments on the economic development of Nigeria, ...

  10. Students and Nation Building in Nigeria | Obiefuna | Lwati: A Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Looking at nation building as “the desire and effort to achieve unity among multiethnic groups that make up a state"; the youth have a lot to contribute in Nigeria nation state. This paper examines and highlights Nigeria's variegated character of linguistic, religious, traditional, and cultural pluralism and the need for and ...

  11. Analysis of ownership structure in Nigeria quoted companies and its ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... investors are small shareholders and few are in the list of the ten top largest shareholders. Second on the average, ownership structure is highly concentrated in Nigeria. Third, there is mixed and weak correlation between ownership structure and corporate performance in Nigeria. African Journal of Economic Policy Vol.

  12. The Challenges of Transitional Justice in Nigeria: Echoes from the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Abstract. Nigeria's return to democratic rule in 1999, set the stage for an appraisal of the many decades of obnoxious military rule and its consequent abuses. The widespread demand for accountability occasioned by the resurgence of civil society activism in Nigeria facilitated the formation of the Human Rights Violations ...

  13. Juvenile Delinquency and Justice in Lagos State, Nigeria: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Juvenile Delinquency refers to the antisocial and criminal behaviour involving individuals below the age of 18. Juvenile Delinquency has consistently been a problem in the world, Nigeria inclusive. In Nigeria, juvenile offenders are treated differently from adults, although this has not always been the case. This paper ...

  14. Psychosocial aspects of epilepsy in Nigeria: a review

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1Department of Mental Health, Obafemi Awolowo University Teaching Hospitals Complex, Wesley Guild Hospital, Ilesa, Osun State, Nigeria. 2Department of Behavioural Medicine, Lagos State University College of Medicine, Ikeja, Lagos, Nigeria. Abstract .... quality of life (QOL) of the sufferers.31 This concept of QOL.

  15. Surgical Indications for Eye Removal in Enugu, South Eastern Nigeria

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the surgical indications for removal of the eye in Enugu in south eastern Nigeria. Method: Retrospective case series review. Results: At the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital Enugu, between 1st January 1994 and 31st December 2003, 106 eyes of 106 patients, comprising 71 (67.0%) males ...

  16. Regulatory mechanisms for underground waste disposal in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The Federal Ministry of Environment and the Department of Petroleum Resources control underground disposal of wastes in Nigeria with three principal regulations: Guidelines and Standards for Environmental Pollution Control in Nigeria, National Guidelines on Waste Disposal through Underground Injection and the ...

  17. Development Of Rainfall Erosivity Map For Nigeria | Ogedengbe ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The indices were used to develop a rainfall erosivity map or Nigeria. The map reveals that Nigeria may be broadly divided into five major erosion risk zones. The south-western part is generally in the low erosion zone, with the exception of the coastal portion of Lagos, Ondo, Edo and Delta states. The south-east and central ...

  18. National neonatal resuscitation training program in Nigeria (2008 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Routine institutional training of doctors and nurses on newborn resuscitation have commenced, to improve the quality of resuscitation available to high-risk babies, in Nigeria, as a means of reducing newborn deaths in the country. Perinatal asphyxia contributes to 26% of newborn deaths in Nigeria. Perinatal ...

  19. Problems Of Resource Control In Nigeria And The Way Forward ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent times, the issues of Resources Control in Nigeria have generated a lot of controversies. In discussing these issues, this paper focuses primarily on Crude Oil and its allied products from an historic standpoint, the issues of Federalism, Inter-governmental Relations in Nigeria, Fiscal federalism and the distribution of ...

  20. Consumerism in Nigeria | Ijewere | Journal of Research in National ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... to protect themselves against the unethical and bad practices of the manufacturers, marketers and service providers. In this research we examined the existence and the level of activity of consumerism in Nigeria using extant literature, and discovered that unlike what entails in the developed world, consumerism in Nigeria ...

  1. Diversity and distribution of whiteflies in south-western Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Whiteflies (Aleyrodidae) are major pests of crops in southwestern Nigeria, yet there is scanty information on diversity and distribution of these economic species. Therefore, a study of diversity and distribution of whitefly fauna was carried out in southwestern Nigeria in wet and dry seasons, between May 2007 and June 2012.

  2. Newspaper Coverage of Nigeria Police Activities: A Content Analysis

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study is a content analysis of newspaper coverage of police activities in Nigeria from January to March, 2012. Three national dailies (the Nation, the Punch and Daily Sun) were studied. Among the specific objectives were to determine the volume of coverage of the activities of Nigeria Police by selected newspapers, ...

  3. Pathologies in de-bureaucratic public organizations in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This growing interest is in most, if not indeed all, less developed countries, including Nigeria. Hence the central concern of this paper is identification and objective but critical analysis of the major bureau-pathologies in de-bureaucratic public organization in Nigeria. The rationale for the identification and critical analysis is to ...

  4. Sterilization by Minilaparotomy in South-Eastern Nigeria | Nwogu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study aimed to assess the trend in acceptance and characteristics of acceptors of female sterilization between January 1999 and December 2006 at the University of Nigeria Teaching Hospital, Enugu, South-Eastern Nigeria. There were a total of 20,485 new clients, with 212 (1.0%) accepting sterilization between ...

  5. Foreign direct investment as a market penetration strategy in Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study investigates foreign direct investment (FDI) as a market penetration strategy in Nigeria within the period 1986-2007. The study used time series data and employed regression model to determine the macroeconomic variables that influence FDI inflow in Nigeria.. It was found that the growth in the Nigerian ...

  6. The Capital Market in Nigeria in Historical Perspective | Balogun ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Emerging capital markets all over the world have a history and Nigeria is not in any way different. The Nigerian capital market represents a small but growing proportion of the nation's economy. This study on the development of the capital market institution in an emerging economy like Nigeria seeks to examine not only how ...

  7. Changing Trend in Coronary Heart Disease in Nigeria | Nwaneli ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: A Medline search and search of other internet search engines for published studies on CHD in Africa and Nigeria was done. The journals were sourced online and from public libraries and the publications were studied. Results: CHD is still an uncommon cardiovascular disease in Nigeria. There is a rising trend in ...

  8. Quantification of Spectrum Utilization | Adeloye | Nigeria Journal of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... to substantially reduce the effect of assumptions and approximations of the expression, BAT, (which generally defines spectrum utilization, U) on the quantification of spectrum utilization, U. The derived expression is applied to VHF television transmitters in Nigeria. (Nigeria Journal of Pure and Applied Physics: 2003 2 (1): ...

  9. Impact of Climate Change on Food Security in Nigeria | Osuafor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Impact of Climate Change on Food Security in Nigeria. ... AFRREV STECH: An International Journal of Science and Technology ... climate change on food security in Nigeria with a view to making suggestions on strategies to mitigate the impact of climate change on the environment generally and food security in particular.

  10. Malaria in Sokoto, North Western Nigeria | Abdullahi | African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malaria remains a major cause of mortality among children under the age of five years; it is endemic throughout Nigeria with seasonal variation in different geographic zones of the country. Malaria prevalence studies had been undertaken in many parts of Nigeria but there is probably no data available from the far North ...

  11. Childhood acquired heart disease in Nigeria: an echocardiographic ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Introduction: Acquired heart diseases (AHD) are not uncommon in children. The current multi-center study aims to provide a more representative data of AHD in Nigeria. Methods: Over 42 months, children referred for echocardiographic evaluation who had confirmed AHD in three centers in Nigeria were recruited. The data ...

  12. Social Justice, Civil Society and the Dramatist in Democratic Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Nigeria as a democratic nation-state is ailing. One of the consequences of this ailment is the cascading standard of social justice in the country. Instead of correcting the trend, the leaders continue to rationalize every action taken by government and describe Nigeria's democracy as being unique to the cultural environment, ...

  13. Automated Inventory Control System for Nigeria Power Holding

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PROF. O. E. OSUAGWU

    2013-09-01

    Sep 1, 2013 ... Automated Inventory Control System for Nigeria Power Holding. Ekechukwu Boniface. 1. , Henry Nwokoye. 1. , Abara Josiah Chukwuemeka. 2. 1Department of Computer Science, Nnamdi Azikiwe University, PMB5025 Awka, Anambra State, Nigeria boni_eke@yahoo.com. 2Department of Physics, Federal ...

  14. Primary Health Care in Nigeria: Strategies and constraints in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Subsequently, several re-organization of the Nigeria health structure to align with the new vision were made. The implementation of PHC, primarily through services provided at the primary health centres, vary based on the type of PHC facility in Nigeria. Several other PHC services within the health precinct include ...

  15. Wealth Creation and Poverty Alleviation in Nigeria: The Role of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The study investigated the Role of Information Technology (IT) in thecreation of wealth and poverty alleviation in Nigeria. The design of the studywas a descriptive survey, carried out at Nwafor Orizu College of Education,Nsugbe in Anambra State of Nigeria. One hundred and ninety three (193)respondents formed the ...

  16. Managing Religious Conflicts in Nigeria: The Inter-Religious ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2015-05-29

    May 29, 2015 ... Email: momotoso@oauife.edu.ng, mashomotosho@yahoo.com. Managing Religious Conflicts in Nigeria: The Inter-Religious Mediation Peace Strategy. Mashood Omotosho*. Abstract. Nigeria with over 150 million people consists of muslims and christians who live across the country. The religious divide in ...

  17. Rising public debt profile in Nigeria: risks and sustainablity issues ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The recent surge in the debt profile of the federal and state governments has echoed new concerns for policy stakeholders in Nigeria. Although debt is important for economic growth, the size of the debt is important for sustainability. Despite the “green light” signal that Nigeria has more fiscal room for accumulating more ...

  18. Tooth mobility among rural dwellers in Midwestern area of Nigeria ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Objective: To determine the prevalence of tooth mobility among rural dwellers in Midwestern area of Nigeria. Methods: Individuals of both gender attending free Medical Outreach in five rural communities in the Midwestern area (Delta and Edo State) of Nigeria constituted the study participants. Data was collected through ...

  19. Improving balance of payment in Nigeria through agricultural earnings

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The broad objective of this research is to analyse how the balance of payment management in Nigeria can be improved through agricultural earnings. Data for the study was secondary time series data covering the period 1960 to 2000 collected within the Federal Republic of Nigeria. The data were collected from relevant ...

  20. Traditional medicine trade in vulture parts in northern Nigeria | Saidu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    We report findings on the vulture trade in northern Nigeria, where it is commonly practised especially to supply the traditional medicine industry. We administered an open-ended questionnaire to 113 traditional, predominantly Hausa medicinal traders in 39 markets within eight states in northern Nigeria. Of the interviewed ...