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Sample records for net magnetic moment

  1. The Origin of the Net Magnetic Moment in LaCoO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminsky, Gregory M.

    Investigations into the origin of the magnetic moment in LaCoO3 were done. Using mean-field calculations we demonstrate that the presence of just antiferromagnetic interactions is enough to generate a net moment in the system. Metastable states form upon FC. Twinning interfaces in LaCoO 3 are examined and their contribution is demonstrated.

  2. The stable orientations of the net magnetic moment within single-domain particles: Experimental evidence for a range of stable states and implications for rock magnetism and palaeomagnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Potter, David K.; Stephenson, Alan

    2006-03-01

    An idealised stable uniaxial single-domain (SD) particle permits only two possible stable positions in which the magnetic moment can lie, either closely parallel or anti-parallel to the particle long (easy) axis. In real acicular SD particles, which have generally been regarded as uniaxial, this implicit two state feature has never been challenged, whilst there has been considerable debate concerning the mechanism of moment reversal between the two states. We present experimental results suggesting that acicular SD particles may actually have a range of several quantifiable stable (or metastable) orientations of the net magnetic moment. In order to help explain our experimental observations we present a new simple model of acicular SD particles, which gives quantitative predictions verified by further experiments. The model also appears to be relevant to other SD particle morphologies and crystal structures (such as hematite). A possible physical basis for our model in acicular particles may lie in non-uniform SD structures (such as the flower or vortex states). Small variations in the non-uniform SD structures available to a particle might allow a range of stable positions of the net moment. The results have several implications for rock magnetism and palaeomagnetism. Firstly, the new model can quantitatively account for several previously unexplained diverse phenomena exhibited by real acicular SD particles. These include the acquisition of gyroremanences and field-impressed anisotropy in dilute dispersions of such particles, as well as observations of transverse components of remanence in individual acicular SD particles. All these phenomena are theoretically impossible in idealised uniaxial SD particles. Interestingly, it appears that these phenomena could now be used to quantify the deviation of real acicular SD particles from ideal uniaxial behaviour and also, therefore, the deviation from a uniform SD structure. In hematite, observations of large field

  3. Tau magnetic moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    González-Sprinberg, G. A.; Vidal, J.

    2017-10-01

    The τ lepton magnetic moment theoretical predictions and measurements are reviewed. While it is believed that such a high mass particle is a good candidate to show up new physics, this is not the case up to now. The magnetic moment of elementary fermions, and in particular the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, had an historical impact both in relativistic quantum mechanics and in quantum field theories. Besides, many new physics models were discarded when confronted with these magnitudes. More recently, the discrepancy of the experiments and the theoretical predictions for the muon anomalous magnetic moment is still an open issue. For the τ lepton, instead, while the theoretical prediction is well known for the standard model and some new physics models, the data are very far of determining even its sign or the first figure. We will discuss the most important theoretical aspects of the τ magnetic moment, and also the current accepted measurements and future perspectives, in particular related to B-factories.

  4. Magnetic Moment of $^{59}$Cu

    CERN Multimedia

    2002-01-01

    Experiment IS358 uses the intense and pure beams of copper isotopes provided by the ISOLDE RILIS (resonance ionization laser ion source). The isotopes are implanted and oriented in the low temperature nuclear orientation set-up NICOLE. Magnetic moments are measured by $\\beta$-NMR. Copper (Z=29), with a single proton above the proton-magic nickel isotopes provides an ideal testground for precise shell model calculations of magnetic moments and their experimental verification. In the course of our experiments we already determined the magnetic moments of $^{67}$Ni, $^{67}$Cu, $^{68g}$Cu, $^{69}$Cu and $^{71}$Cu which provide important information on the magicity of the N=40 subshell closure. In 2001 we plan to conclude our systematic investigations by measuring the magnetic moment of the neutron-deficient isotope $^{59}$Cu. This will pave the way for a subsequent study of the magnetic moment of $^{57}$Cu with a complementary method.

  5. Updating neutrino magnetic moment constraints

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B.C. Cañas

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we provide an updated analysis of the neutrino magnetic moments (NMMs, discussing both the constraints on the magnitudes of the three transition moments Λi and the role of the CP violating phases present both in the mixing matrix and in the NMM matrix. The scattering of solar neutrinos off electrons in Borexino provides the most stringent restrictions, due to its robust statistics and the low energies observed, below 1 MeV. Our new limit on the effective neutrino magnetic moment which follows from the most recent Borexino data is 3.1×10−11μB at 90% C.L. This corresponds to the individual transition magnetic moment constraints: |Λ1|≤5.6×10−11μB, |Λ2|≤4.0×10−11μB, and |Λ3|≤3.1×10−11μB (90% C.L., irrespective of any complex phase. Indeed, the incoherent admixture of neutrino mass eigenstates present in the solar flux makes Borexino insensitive to the Majorana phases present in the NMM matrix. For this reason we also provide a global analysis including the case of reactor and accelerator neutrino sources, presenting the resulting constraints for different values of the relevant CP phases. Improved reactor and accelerator neutrino experiments will be needed in order to underpin the full profile of the neutrino electromagnetic properties.

  6. Magnetic moment of single layer graphene rings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Margulis, V. A.; Karpunin, V. V.; Mironova, K. I.

    2018-01-01

    Magnetic moment of single layer graphene rings is investigated. An analytical expression for the magnetic moment as a function of the magnetic field flux through the one-dimensional quantum rings is obtained. This expression has the oscillation character. The oscillation period is equal to one flux quanta.

  7. Magnetization moment recovery using Kelvin transformation and Fourier analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baratchart, L.; Leblond, J.; Lima, E. A.; Ponomarev, D.

    2017-10-01

    In the present work, we consider a magnetization moment recovery problem, that is finding integral of the vector function (over its compact support) whose divergence constitutes a source term in the Poisson equation. We outline derivation of explicit asymptotic formulas for estimation of the net magnetization moment vector of the sample in terms of partial data for the vertical component of the magnetic field measured in the plane above it. For this purpose, two methods have been developed: the first one is based on approximate projections onto spherical harmonics in Kelvin domain while the second stems from analysis in Fourier domain following asymptotic continuation of the data. Recovery results obtained by both methods agree and are illustrated numerically by plotting formulas for net moment components with respect to the size of the measurement area.

  8. Magnetic Moment Distribution in Layered Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicholson, D. M. C.; Zhang, X.-G.; Wang, Y.; Shelton, W. A.; Butler, W. H.; Stocks, G. M.; MacLaren, J. M.

    1996-03-01

    Thin layers of magnetic material surrounded by non-magnetic layers display a reduced moment per atom relative to the bulk magnetic material. Plots of sturation magnetization versus magnetic layer thickness can be explained in terms of magnetically dead layers at interfaces. First principles calculations indicate a more complex distribution of magnetic moments. Moment distributions calculated in the local density approximation restricted to colinear spins and with unrestricted spin orientations will be presented for Cu/Ni/Cu, Cu/permalloy/Cu, and Mo/Ni/Mo structures. Work supported by Division of Materials Science, the Mathematical Information and Computational Science Division of the Office of Computational Technology Research, and by the Assistant Secretary of Defence Programs, Technology Management Group, Technology Transfer Initiative, US DOE under subcontract DEAC05-84OR21400 with Martin-Marietta Energy Systems, Inc.

  9. How to Introduce the Magnetic Dipole Moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bezerra, M.; Kort-Kamp, W. J. M.; Cougo-Pinto, M. V.; Farina, C.

    2012-01-01

    We show how the concept of the magnetic dipole moment can be introduced in the same way as the concept of the electric dipole moment in introductory courses on electromagnetism. Considering a localized steady current distribution, we make a Taylor expansion directly in the Biot-Savart law to obtain, explicitly, the dominant contribution of the…

  10. Earth's magnetic moment during geomagnetic reversals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sokoloff, D. D.

    2017-11-01

    The behavior of the dipole magnetic moment of the geomagnetic field during the reversals is considered. By analogy with the reversals of the magnetic field of the Sun, the scenario is suggested in which during the reversal the mean dipole moment becomes zero, whereas the instantaneous value of the dipole magnetic moment remains nonzero and the corresponding vector rotates from the vicinity of one geographical pole to the other. A thorough discussion concerning the definition of the mean magnetic moment, which is used in this concept, is presented. Since the behavior of the geomagnetic field during the reversal is far from stationary, the ensemble average instead of the time average has to be considered.

  11. Measurement of magnetic moment via optical transmission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heidsieck, Alexandra; Schmid, Daniel; Gleich, Bernhard

    2016-03-01

    The magnetic moment of nanoparticles is an important property for drug targeting and related applications as well as for the simulation thereof. However, the measurement of the magnetic moment of nanoparticles, nanoparticle-virus-complexes or microspheres in solution can be difficult and often yields unsatisfying or incomparable results. To measure the magnetic moment, we designed a custom measurement device including a magnetic set-up to observe nanoparticles indirectly via light transmission in solution. We present a simple, cheap device of manageable size, which can be used in any laboratory as well as a novel evaluation method to determine the magnetic moment of nanoparticles via the change of the optical density of the particle suspension in a well-defined magnetic gradient field. In contrast to many of the established measurement methods, we are able to observe and measure the nanoparticle complexes in their natural state in the respective medium. The nanoparticles move along the magnetic gradient and thereby away from the observation point. Due to this movement, the optical density of the fluid decreases and the transmission increases over time at the measurement location. By comparing the measurement with parametric simulations, we can deduce the magnetic moment from the observed behavior.

  12. Tuning of net magnetic moment in BiFeO{sub 3} multiferroics by co-substitution of Nd and Mn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kumar, Pawan; Kar, Manoranjan, E-mail: mano@iitp.ac.in

    2014-09-01

    The structural and magnetic properties of Bi{sub 1−x}Nd{sub x}Fe{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x}O{sub 3} ceramics prepared by the tartaric acid modified sol–gel technique have been studied to understand the effect of structural modification on the magnetic Properties of BiFeO{sub 3}. The co-substitution of Nd and Mn at Bi and Fe sites respectively in BiFeO{sub 3} significantly suppress the impurity phases (Bi{sub 25}FeO{sub 40}, Bi{sub 2}Fe{sub 4}O{sub 9} etc.). The Rietveld analysis of X-ray diffraction (XRD) patterns indicates the existence of compositional driven crystal structure transformation from rhombohederal (R3c space group, higher crystal symmetry) to the orthorhombic (Pbnm space group, lower crystal symmetry) with the increase in substitution concentration due to excess chemical pressure (lattice strain). The quantitative crystallographic phase analysis has been carried out by Rietveld analysis of all the XRD patterns. Magnetic measurements reveal that co-substituted BiFeO{sub 3} nanoparticles for x=0.050 have enhanced remnant magnetization about 21 times as compared to pure one. The remnant magnetization reaches a maximum value at the morphological phase boundary (x=0.050) and further increase (x>0.050) in substitution concentration results in the reduction of remnant magnetization due to the appearance of complete antiferromagnetic ordering in the orthorhombic structure because of the significant contribution from the crystallographic phase of Pbnm space group (as obtained from the quantitative crystallographic phase contribution by the Rietveld analysis)

  13. Magnetic moment nonconservation in magnetohydrodynamic turbulence models.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dalena, S; Greco, A; Rappazzo, A F; Mace, R L; Matthaeus, W H

    2012-07-01

    The fundamental assumptions of the adiabatic theory do not apply in the presence of sharp field gradients or in the presence of well-developed magnetohydrodynamic turbulence. For this reason, in such conditions the magnetic moment μ is no longer expected to be constant. This can influence particle acceleration and have considerable implications in many astrophysical problems. Starting with the resonant interaction between ions and a single parallel propagating electromagnetic wave, we derive expressions for the magnetic moment trapping width Δμ (defined as the half peak-to-peak difference in the particle magnetic moments) and the bounce frequency ω(b). We perform test-particle simulations to investigate magnetic moment behavior when resonance overlapping occurs and during the interaction of a ring-beam particle distribution with a broadband slab spectrum. We find that the changes of magnetic moment and changes of pitch angle are related when the level of magnetic fluctuations is low, δB/B(0) = (10(-3),10(-2)), where B(0) is the constant and uniform background magnetic field. Stochasticity arises for intermediate fluctuation values and its effect on pitch angle is the isotropization of the distribution function f(α). This is a transient regime during which magnetic moment distribution f(μ) exhibits a characteristic one-sided long tail and starts to be influenced by the onset of spatial parallel diffusion, i.e., the variance grows linearly in time as in normal diffusion. With strong fluctuations f(α) becomes completely isotropic, spatial diffusion sets in, and the f(μ) behavior is closely related to the sampling of the varying magnetic field associated with that spatial diffusion.

  14. Electric and Magnetic Dipole Moments

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN. Geneva

    2005-01-01

    The stringent limit on the electric dipole moment of the neutron forced the issue on the strong CP-problem. The most elegant solution of which is the axion field proposed by Peccei and Quinn. The current limit on the QCD parameter theta coming from the limit on the neutron EDM is of order 10-10. I am going to describe the present status on the neutron EDM searches and further prospects on getting down to theta_qcd sensitivity of 10-13 with the new deuteron EDM in storage rings proposal. For completeness the current status and prospects of the muon g-2 experiment will also be given.

  15. The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon

    CERN Document Server

    Jegerlehner, Friedrich

    2017-01-01

    This research monograph covers extensively the theory of the muon anomalous magnetic moment and provides estimates of the theoretical uncertainties. The muon anomalous magnetic moment is one of the most precisely measured quantities in elementary particle physics and provides one of the most stringent tests of relativistic quantum field theory as a fundamental theoretical framework. It allows for an extremely precise check of the standard model of elementary particles and of its limitations. This book reviews the present state of knowledge of the anomalous magnetic moment a=(g-2)/2 of the muon. Recent experiments at the Brookhaven National Laboratory now reach the unbelievable precision of 0.5 parts per million, improving the accuracy of previous g-2 experiments at CERN by a factor of 14. In addition, quantum electrodynamics and electroweak and hadronic effects are reviewed. Since non-perturbative hadronic effects play a key role for the precision test, their evaluation is described in detail. Perspectives fo...

  16. Anomalous magnetic moment and Compton wavelength

    OpenAIRE

    Heyrovska, Raji

    2004-01-01

    The relativistic and quantum theoretical explanations of the magnetic moment anomaly of the electron (or proton) show that it is a complicated function of the fine structure constant. In this work, a simple non-relativistic approach shows that the translational motion of the particle during its spin is responsible for the observed effects.

  17. Higher Moments of Net-Kaon Multiplicity Distributions at STAR

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2016-01-01

    Fluctuations of conserved quantities such as baryon number (B), electric charge number (Q), and strangeness number (S), are sensitive to the correlation length and can be used to probe non-gaussian fluctuations near the critical point. Experimentally, higher moments of the multiplicity distributions have been used to search for the QCD critical point in heavy-ion collisions. In this paper, we report the efficiency-corrected cumulants and their ratios of mid- rapidity (|y| < 0.5) net-kaon multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV collected in 2010, 2011, and 2014 with STAR at RHIC. The centrality and energy dependence of the cumulants and their ratios, are presented. Furthermore, the comparisons with baseline calculations (Poisson) and non-critical-point models (UrQMD) are also discussed.

  18. Axially Ligated Phthalocyanine Conductors with Magnetic Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamotsu Inabe

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available This mini-review describes electrical conductivity, magnetic properties, and magnetotransport properties of one-dimensional partially oxidized salts composed of axially ligated phthalocyanines, TPP[M(Pc(CN2]2 (TPP = tetraphenylphosphonium, Pc = phthalocyaninato, with M of Fe (d5, S = 1/2 and Cr (d3, S = 3/2. These salts are isomorphous, and π–π interactions in the crystal, that becomes the origin of the charge carriers, are nearly the same. Both the Fe and Cr salts show carrier localization and charge disproportionation which is enhanced by the interaction between local magnetic moments and conduction π-electrons (π–d interaction. However, the magnetic properties are slightly different between them. M = Fe has been found to show unique anisotropic magnetic properties and antiferromagnetic short-range magnetic order between the d-spins. On the other hand, for M = Cr, its magnetic moment is isotropic. Temperature dependence of the magnetic susceptibility shows typical Curie–Weiss behavior with negative Weiss temperature, but the exchange interaction is complicated. Both M = Fe and M = Cr show large negative magnetoresistance, reflecting the difference in the anisotropy. The magnetoresistance ratio (MR is larger in the Fe system than in the Cr system in the low magnetic field range, but MR in the Cr system exceeds that in the Fe system when the magnetic field becomes higher than 15 T. We discuss the mechanism of the giant negative magnetoresistance with reference to the d–d, π–d, and π–π interactions.

  19. Magnetic-Moment Fragmentation and Monopole Crystallization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. E. Brooks-Bartlett

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Coulomb phase, with its dipolar correlations and pinch-point–scattering patterns, is central to discussions of geometrically frustrated systems, from water ice to binary and mixed-valence alloys, as well as numerous examples of frustrated magnets. The emergent Coulomb phase of lattice-based systems has been associated with divergence-free fields and the absence of long-range order. Here, we go beyond this paradigm, demonstrating that a Coulomb phase can emerge naturally as a persistent fluctuating background in an otherwise ordered system. To explain this behavior, we introduce the concept of the fragmentation of the field of magnetic moments into two parts, one giving rise to a magnetic monopole crystal, the other a magnetic fluid with all the characteristics of an emergent Coulomb phase. Our theory is backed up by numerical simulations, and we discuss its importance with regard to the interpretation of a number of experimental results.

  20. Adaptive Elastic Net for Generalized Methods of Moments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caner, Mehmet; Zhang, Hao Helen

    2014-01-30

    Model selection and estimation are crucial parts of econometrics. This paper introduces a new technique that can simultaneously estimate and select the model in generalized method of moments (GMM) context. The GMM is particularly powerful for analyzing complex data sets such as longitudinal and panel data, and it has wide applications in econometrics. This paper extends the least squares based adaptive elastic net estimator of Zou and Zhang (2009) to nonlinear equation systems with endogenous variables. The extension is not trivial and involves a new proof technique due to estimators lack of closed form solutions. Compared to Bridge-GMM of Caner (2009), we allow for the number of parameters to diverge to infinity as well as collinearity among a large number of variables, also the redundant parameters set to zero via a data dependent technique. This method has the oracle property, meaning that we can estimate nonzero parameters with their standard limit and the redundant parameters are dropped from the equations simultaneously. Numerical examples are used to illustrate the performance of the new method.

  1. Shuffle dislocation induced magnetic moment in graphene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lopez-Sancho, M.P., E-mail: pilar@icmm.csic.e [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid-CSIC, C/Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain); Juan, F. de; Vozmediano, M.A.H. [Instituto de Ciencia de Materiales de Madrid-CSIC, C/Sor Juana Ines de la Cruz 3, 28049 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-05-15

    Graphene, a honeycomb arrangement of carbon atoms, is a promising material for nanoelectronics applications due to its unusual electronic properties. Recent experiments performed on suspended graphene indicate the existence of intrinsic defects on the samples. It is known that lattice defects such as vacancies or voids leaving unpaired atoms, lead to the formation of local magnetic moments (Vozmediano et al., 2005). The existence and ordering of these moments is largely determined by the bipartite character of the honeycomb lattice seen as two interpenetrating triangular sublattices. Dislocations made by pentagon-heptagon pairs or octagons with an unpaired atom have been studied recently and found to be stable in the graphene lattice (Carpio et al., 2008). These defects frustrate the sublattice structure and affect the magnetic properties of graphene. We study the magnetic properties of graphene in the presence of these defects. The system is described by a p{sub z} tight-binding model with electron-electron interactions modelled by a Hubbard term. Spin-polarized mean-field solutions are investigated within an unrestricted Hartree-Fock approximation.

  2. The Magnetic Moment of the Lambda Hyperon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schachinger, Lindsay Carol [Rutgers Univ., Piscataway, NJ (United States)

    1978-10-01

    The magnetic moment of the lambda hyperon has been measured to be· -0.613S±0.0047 nuclear magneton. The experiment was performed in the neutral hyperon beam at the Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory. Three million $\\Lambda^0 \\to p \\pi^-$ decays were detected in a multi-wire proportional chamber spectrometer. The lambda sample, produced inclusively by 400 Gev protons, had an. average momentum of 114 Gev / c and an average polarization of 0.085. This polarization was precessed through angles as large as 153 degrees

  3. Magnetic resonance signal moment determination using the Earth's magnetic field

    KAUST Repository

    Fridjonsson, Einar Orn

    2015-03-01

    We demonstrate a method to manipulate magnetic resonance data such that the moments of the signal spatial distribution are readily accessible. Usually, magnetic resonance imaging relies on data acquired in so-called k-space which is subsequently Fourier transformed to render an image. Here, via analysis of the complex signal in the vicinity of the centre of k-space we are able to access the first three moments of the signal spatial distribution, ultimately in multiple directions. This is demonstrated for biofouling of a reverse osmosis (RO) membrane module, rendering unique information and an early warning of the onset of fouling. The analysis is particularly applicable for the use of mobile magnetic resonance spectrometers; here we demonstrate it using an Earth\\'s magnetic field system.

  4. Energy Dependence of Moments of Net-Proton, Net-Kaon, and Net-Charge Multiplicity Distributions at STAR

    CERN Document Server

    ,

    2016-01-01

    One of the main goals of the RHIC Beam Energy Scan (BES) program is to study the QCD phase structure, which includes the search for the QCD critical point, over a wide range of chemical potential. Theoretical calculations predict that fluctuations of conserved quantities, such as baryon number (B), charge (Q), and strangeness (S), are sensitive to the correlation length of the dynamical system. Experimentally, higher moments of multiplicity distributions have been utilized to search for the QCD critical point in heavy-ion collisions. In this paper, we report recent efficiency-corrected cumulants and cumulants ratios of the net- proton, net-kaon, and net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at 7.7, 11.5, 14.5, 19.6, 27, 39, 62.4, and 200 GeV collected in the years 2010, 2011, and 2014 with STAR at RHIC. The centrality and energy dependence of the cumulants up to the fourth order, as well as their ratios, are presented. Furthermore, the comparisons with baseline calculations (Poisson) and non-c...

  5. Electric-field control of magnetic moment in Pd

    Science.gov (United States)

    Obinata, Aya; Hibino, Yuki; Hayakawa, Daichi; Koyama, Tomohiro; Miwa, Kazumoto; Ono, Shimpei; Chiba, Daichi

    2015-01-01

    Several magnetic properties have recently become tunable with an applied electric field. Particularly, electrically controlled magnetic phase transitions and/or magnetic moments have attracted attention because they are the most fundamental parameters in ferromagnetic materials. In this study, we showed that an electric field can be used to control the magnetic moment in films made of Pd, usually a non-magnetic element. Pd ultra-thin films were deposited on ferromagnetic Pt/Co layers. In the Pd layer, a ferromagnetically ordered magnetic moment was induced by the ferromagnetic proximity effect. By applying an electric field to the ferromagnetic surface of this Pd layer, a clear change was observed in the magnetic moment, which was measured directly using a superconducting quantum interference device magnetometer. The results indicate that magnetic moments extrinsically induced in non-magnetic elements by the proximity effect, as well as an intrinsically induced magnetic moments in ferromagnetic elements, as reported previously, are electrically tunable. The results of this study suggest a new avenue for answering the fundamental question of “can an electric field make naturally non-magnetic materials ferromagnetic?” PMID:26391306

  6. Higher moments of net proton multiplicity distributions at RHIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alakhverdyants, A V; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anderson, B D; Arkhipkin, D; Averichev, G S; Balewski, J; Barnby, L S; Baumgart, S; Beavis, D R; Bellwied, R; Betancourt, M J; Betts, R R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Biritz, B; Bland, L C; Bonner, B E; Bouchet, J; Braidot, E; Brandin, A V; Bridgeman, A; Bruna, E; Bueltmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, T P; Cai, X Z; Caines, H; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M; Catu, O; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, M C; Chajecki, Z; Chaloupka, P; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, H F; Chen, J H; Chen, J Y; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Choi, K E; Christie, W; Chung, P; Clarke, R F; Codrington, M J M; Corliss, R; Cramer, J G; Crawford, H J; Das, D; Dash, S; Davila Leyva, A; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Derevschikov, A A; Derradi de Souza, R; Didenko, L; Djawotho, P; Dogra, S M; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Dunlop, J C; Dutta Mazumdar, M R; Efimov, L G; Elhalhuli, E; Elnimr, M; Engelage, J; Eppley, G; Erazmus, B; Estienne, M; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Fachini, P; Fatemi, R; Fedorisin, J; Fersch, R G; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fine, V; Fisyak, Y; Gagliardi, C A; Gangadharan, D R; Ganti, M S; Garcia-Solis, E J; Geromitsos, A; Geurts, F; Ghazikhanian, V; Ghosh, P; Gorbunov, Y N; Gordon, A; Grebenyuk, O; Grosnick, D; Guertin, S M; Gupta, A; Gupta, N; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Harris, J W; Hays-Wehle, J P; Heinz, M; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hjort, E; Hoffman, A M; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Humanic, T J; Huo, L; Igo, G; Jacobs, P; Jacobs, W W; Jena, C; Jin, F; Jones, C L; Jones, P G; Joseph, J; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kajimoto, K; Kang, K; Kapitan, J; Kauder, K; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kettler, D; Kikola, D P; Kiryluk, J; Kisiel, A; Klein, S R; Knospe, A G; Kocoloski, A; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Koroleva, L; Korsch, W; Kotchenda, L; Kouchpil, V; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Krus, M; Kumar, L; Kurnadi, P; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; LaPointe, S; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, C-H; Lee, J H; Leight, W; LeVine, M J; Li, C; Li, L; Li, N; Li, W; Li, X; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, Z M; Lin, G; Lindenbaum, S J; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Liu, H; Liu, J; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Longacre, R S; Love, W A; Lu, Y; Lukashov, E V; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Mahapatra, D P; Majka, R; Mall, O I; Mangotra, L K; Manweiler, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; Matulenko, Yu A; McDonald, D; McShane, T S; Meschanin, A; Milner, R; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mischke, A; Mitrovski, M K; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, B; Morozov, D A; Munhoz, M G; Nandi, B K; Nattrass, C; Nayak, T K; Nelson, J M; Netrakanti, P K; Ng, M J; Nogach, L V; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, E W; Olson, D; Pachr, M; Page, B S; Pal, S K; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Peitzmann, T; Perevoztchikov, V; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Phatak, S C; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Ploskon, M A; Pluta, J; Plyku, D; Poljak, N; Poskanzer, A M; Potukuchi, B V K S; Powell, C B; Prindle, D; Pruneau, C; Pruthi, N K; Pujahari, P R; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Redwine, R; Reed, R; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Rose, A; Roy, C; Ruan, L; Sahoo, R; Sakai, S; Sakrejda, I; Sakuma, T; Salur, S; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmitz, N; Schuster, T R; Seele, J; Seger, J; Selyuzhenkov, I; Seyboth, P; Shahaliev, E; Shao, M; Sharma, M; Shi, S S; Sichtermann, E P; Simon, F; Singaraju, R N; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, N; Sorensen, P; Sowinski, J; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Staszak, D; Stevens, J R; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, A A P; Suarez, M C; Subba, N L; Sumbera, M; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Symons, T J M; Szanto de Toledo, A; Takahashi, J; Tang, A H; Tang, Z; Tarini, L H; Tarnowsky, T; Thein, D; Thomas, J H; Tian, J; Timmins, A R; Timoshenko, S; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Tram, V N; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tsai, O D; Ulery, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Van Buren, G; van Leeuwen, M; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vanfossen, J A; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, G M S; Vasiliev, A N; Videbaek, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Voloshin, S A; Wada, M; Walker, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, Q; Wang, X L; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Westfall, G D; Whitten, C; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y F; Xie, W; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, Q H; Xu, W; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Xue, L; Yang, Y; Yepes, P; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Yue, Q; Zawisza, M; Zbroszczyk, H; Zhan, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, S; Zhang, W M; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhou, J; Zhou, W; Zhu, X; Zhu, Y H; Zoulkarneev, R; Zoulkarneeva, Y

    2010-07-09

    We report the first measurements of the kurtosis (κ), skewness (S), and variance (σ2) of net-proton multiplicity (Np-Np) distributions at midrapidity for Au+Au collisions at square root of s(NN)=19.6, 62.4, and 200 GeV corresponding to baryon chemical potentials (μB) between 200 and 20 MeV. Our measurements of the products κσ2 and Sσ, which can be related to theoretical calculations sensitive to baryon number susceptibilities and long-range correlations, are constant as functions of collision centrality. We compare these products with results from lattice QCD and various models without a critical point and study the square root of s(NN) dependence of κσ2. From the measurements at the three beam energies, we find no evidence for a critical point in the QCD phase diagram for μB below 200 MeV.

  7. Condensation of Neutral Vector Bosons with Magnetic Moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Angulo, Gretel Quintero; Martínez, Aurora Pérez; Rojas, Hugo Pérez

    We study the equation of motion of neutral vector bosons bearing a magnetic moment (MM). The effective rest mass of vector bosons is a decreasing function of the magnetic field intensity. Consequently a diffuse condensation of the bosons appears below a critical value of the field. For typical values of densities and magnetic fields the magnetization is positive and the neutral boson system can maintain a magnetic field self-consistently. A discussion of the relevance in astrophysics is presented.

  8. A note on the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon

    CERN Document Server

    Palle, Davor

    2016-01-01

    The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon is an important observable that tests radiative corrections of all three observed local gauge forces: electromagnetic, weak and strong interactions. High precision measurements reveal some discrepancy with the most accurate theoretical evaluations of the anomalous magnetic moment. We show in this note that the UV finite theory cannot resolve this discrepancy. We believe that more reliable estimate of the nonperturbative hadronic contribution and the new measurements can resolve the problem.

  9. Resonances and dipole moments in dielectric, magnetic, and magnetodielectric cylinders

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dirksen, A.; Arslanagic, Samel; Breinbjerg, Olav

    2011-01-01

    An eigenfunction solution to the problem of plane wave scattering by dielectric, magnetic, and magnetodielectric cylinders is used for a systematic investigation of their resonances. An overview of the resonances with electric and magnetic dipole moments, needed in, e.g., the synthesis of metamat......An eigenfunction solution to the problem of plane wave scattering by dielectric, magnetic, and magnetodielectric cylinders is used for a systematic investigation of their resonances. An overview of the resonances with electric and magnetic dipole moments, needed in, e.g., the synthesis...

  10. Valley filtering due to orbital magnetic moment in bilayer graphene

    Science.gov (United States)

    Park, Chang-Soo

    2018-01-01

    We investigate the effect of valley-dependent orbital magnetic moment on the transmission of quasiparticles through biased bilayer graphene npn and pnp junctions in the presence of out-of-plane magnetic field. It is shown that the valley-polarized Zeeman-like energy splitting, due to the interaction of orbital magnetic moment with magnetic field, can suppress the transmission of quasiparticles of one valley while transmitting those of the other valley. This valley-selective transmission property can be exploited for valley filtering. We demonstrate that the npn and pnp junction, respectively, filters off the K‧-valley and K-valley particles, with nearly perfect degree of filtration.

  11. Theory of anisotropic diamagnetism, local moment magnetization ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2015-11-27

    Nov 27, 2015 ... We present theoretical analyses of anisotropic lattice diamagnetism, magnetization due to magnetic ions and carrier spin-polarization in the diluted magnetic semiconductor, Pb1-EuTe. The lattice diamagnetism results from orbital susceptibility due to inter band effects and spin-orbit contributions.

  12. Theory of anisotropic diamagnetism, local moment magnetization ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. We present theoretical analyses of anisotropic lattice diamagnetism, magnetization due to magnetic ions and carrier spin-polarization in the diluted magnetic semiconductor, Pb1 xEuxTe. The lattice diamagnetism results from orbital susceptibility due to inter band effects and spin-orbit contributions. The spin-orbit ...

  13. Magnetic susceptibility, magnetization, magnetic moment and characterization of Carancas meteorite

    CERN Document Server

    Rosales, Domingo

    2015-01-01

    On September, 15th, 2007, in the community of Carancas (Puno, Peru) a stony meteorite formed a crater explosive type with a mean diameter of 13.5 m. some samples meteorite fragments were collected. The petrologic analysis performed corresponds to a meteorite ordinary chondrite H 4-5. In this paper we have analyzed the magnetic properties of a meteorite fragment with a proton magnetometer. Also in order to have a complete characterization of the Carancas meteorite and its crater, from several papers, articles and reports, we have made a compilation of the most important characteristics and properties of this meteorite.

  14. SNO results and neutrino magnetic moment solution to the solar ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Kamiokande (SK) experiments (1258 days) and also the new results that came from Sudbury Neu- trino Observatory (SNO) charge current (CC) and elastic scattering (ES) experiments considering that the solar neutrino deficit is due to the interaction of neutrino transition magnetic moment with the solar magnetic field.

  15. Determination of the magnetic moment of $^{140}$Pr

    CERN Multimedia

    Kowalska, M; Kreim, K D; Krieger, A R; Litvinov, Y

    We propose to measure the nuclear magnetic moment of the neutron-deficient isotope $^{140}$Pr using collinear laser spectroscopy at the COLLAPS experiment. This nuclide is one of two nuclear systems for which a modulated electron capture decay has been observed in hydrogen-like ions in a storage ring. The firm explanation of the observed phenomenon is still missing but some hypotheses suggest an interaction of the unpaired electron with the surrounding magnetic fields of the ring. In order to verify or discard these hypotheses the magnetic moment of $^{140}$Pr is required since this determines the energy of the 1s hyperfine splitting.

  16. Right-handed neutrino magnetic moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aparici, Alberto; Kim, Kyungwook; Santamaria, Arcadi; Wudka, Jose, E-mail: alberto.aparici@uv.es

    2010-11-01

    We consider the most general dimension 5 effective Lagrangian that can be built using only Standard Model fields plus right-handed neutrinos, and fnd that there exists a term that provides electroweak moments (i.e., couplings to the Z and photon) for the right-handed neutrinos. Such term has not been described previously in the literature. We discuss its phenomenology and the bounds that can be derived from LEP results and from the observation of the cooling process of red giants and supernovae.

  17. Right-handed neutrino magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aparici, Alberto; Kim, Kyungwook; Santamaria, Arcadi; Wudka, José

    2010-11-01

    We consider the most general dimension 5 efective Lagrangian that can be built using only Standard Model felds plus right-handed neutrinos, and fnd that there exists a term that provides electroweak moments (i.e., couplings to the Z and photon) for the right-handed neutrinos. Such term has not been described previously in the literature. We discuss its phenomenology and the bounds that can be derived from LEP results and from the observation of the cooling process of red giants and supernovae.

  18. Leading Quenching Effects in the Proton Magnetic Moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    R.D. Young; D.B Leinweber; Anthony Thomas

    2004-06-01

    We present the first investigation of the extrapolation of quenched nucleon magnetic moments in quenched chiral effective field theory. We utilize established techniques in finite-range regularization and compare with standard dimensional regularization methods. Finite-volume corrections to the relevant loop integrals are also addressed. Finally, the contributions of dynamical sea quarks to the proton moment are estimated using a recently discovered phenomenological link between quenched and physical QCD.

  19. Moment switching in nanotube magnetic force probes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kirtley, J.R.; Deng, Z.; Luan, L.; Yenilmez, E.; Dai, H.; Moler, K.A.

    2007-01-01

    Magnetic images of high density vertically recorded media using metal-coated carbon nanotube tips exhibit a doubling of the spatial frequency under some conditions (Deng et al 2004 Appl. Phys. Lett. 85 6263). Here we demonstrate that this spatial frequency doubling is due to the switching of the

  20. Fluxonium-Based Artificial Molecule with a Tunable Magnetic Moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kou

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Engineered quantum systems allow us to observe phenomena that are not easily accessible naturally. The LEGO®-like nature of superconducting circuits makes them particularly suited for building and coupling artificial atoms. Here, we introduce an artificial molecule, composed of two strongly coupled fluxonium atoms, which possesses a tunable magnetic moment. Using an applied external flux, one can tune the molecule between two regimes: one in which the ground-excited state manifold has a magnetic dipole moment and one in which the ground-excited state manifold has only a magnetic quadrupole moment. By varying the applied external flux, we find the coherence of the molecule to be limited by local flux noise. The ability to engineer and control artificial molecules paves the way for building more complex circuits for quantum simulation and protected qubits.

  1. Magnetic-Moment Fragmentation and Monopole Crystallization

    OpenAIRE

    Brooks-Bartlett, M. E.; Banks, S. T.; Jaubert, L. D. C.; Harman-Clarke, A.; Holdsworth, P. C. W.

    2014-01-01

    International audience; The Coulomb phase, with its dipolar correlations and pinch-point–scattering patterns, is central to discussions of geometrically frustrated systems, from water ice to binary and mixed-valence alloys, as well as numerous examples of frustrated magnets. The emergent Coulomb phase of lattice-based systems has been associated with divergence-free fields and the absence of long-range order. Here, we go beyond this paradigm, demonstrating that a Coulomb phase can emerge natu...

  2. A model for right-handed neutrino magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aparici, Alberto; Santamaria, Arcadi; Wudka, José

    2010-07-01

    A simple extension of the standard model providing Majorana magnetic moments to right-handed neutrinos is presented. The model contains, in addition to the standard model particles and right-handed neutrinos, just a singly charged scalar and a vector-like charged fermion. The phenomenology of the model is analysed and its implications in cosmology, astrophysics and lepton flavour violating processes are extracted. If light enough, the charged particles responsible for the right-handed neutrino magnetic moments could copiously be produced at the Large Hadron Collider.

  3. Electric dipole moments, cluster metallicity, and the magnetism of rare earth clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowlan, John

    One of the fundamental properties of bulk metals is the cancellation of electric fields. The free charges inside of a metal will move until they find an arrangement where the internal electric field is zero. This implies that the electric dipole moment of a metal particle should be exactly zero, because an electric dipole moment requires a net separation of charge and thus a nonzero internal electric field. This thesis is an experimental study to see if this property continues to hold for tiny subnanometer metal particles called clusters (2--200 atom, R beam electric deflection technique. We find that the observed dipole moments vary a great deal across the periodic table. Alkali metals have zero dipole moments, while transition metals and lanthanides all have dipole moments which are highly size dependent. In most cases, the measured dipole moments are independent of temperature (T = 20--50 K), and when there is a strong temperature dependence this suggests that there is a new state of matter present. Our interpretation of these results are that those clusters which have a nonzero dipole moment are non-metallic, in the sense that their electrons must be localized and prevented from moving to screen the internal field associated with a permanent dipole moment. This interpretation gives insight to several related phenomena and applications. We briefly discuss an example cluster system RhN where the measured electric dipole moments appear to be correlated with a the N2O reactivity. Finally, we discuss a series of magnetic deflection experiments on lanthanide clusters (Pr, Ho, Tb, and Tm). The magnetic response of these clusters is very complex and highly sensitive to size and temperature. We find that PrN (which is non-magnetic in the bulk) becomes magnetic in clusters and Tm N clusters have magnetic moments lower than the atomic value as well as the bulk saturation value implying that the magnetic order in the cluster involves non-collinear or antiferromagnetic

  4. Program NetMoment; Simultaneous Calculation of Moment, Source Corner Frequency, and Site Specific t* from Network Recordings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hutchings, L

    2001-12-12

    The purpose of computer program NetMoment (Appendix I) is to utilize fundamental knowledge of earthquake sources, propagation attenuation, and site response in a simultaneous inversion of network data to determine the moment and source corner frequency of earthquakes, and site specific t*. The source parameters are especially difficult to determine for small earthquakes. A fundamental problem in determining the source corner frequencies of small earthquakes is that site response can result in spectral corner frequencies in the range that may be expected from the earthquakes themselves. Several authors have identified this as fmax (Hanks, 1982), a constant corner frequency for small events so that below threshold moment (about 1.0 x 10{sup 21} dyne-cm) the corner frequency remains constant the size of events diminishes. Hutchings and Wu (1990) found that for the southern California region, events with moment less than about 1.5 x 10{sup 21} dyne-cm (about magnitude 3.4) show no source effect in their spectra. Hanks (1982) found the threshold to be about 1.0 x l0{sup 21} dyne-cm for other southern California sites. Baise et al. (2002) found borehole recordings on Yerba Buena Island, in San Francisco Bay, to have corner frequencies limited to about 3-5 Hz for M < 4.0 earthquakes in the region. Some authors have attributed this to a minimum source dimension for earthquakes, which results in a decrease in stress drop for smaller events (Archuleta et al., 1982; Papageorgiou and Aki, 1983). alternative explanation is that the constant corner frequencies result from whole path or near site attenuation and/or amplifications due to soil response. This is supported by a wide body of literature (Anderson and Hough, 1984, Hutchings and Wu, 1990, Blakeslee and Malin, 1991; Aster and Shearer, 1991; Abercrombie, 1995). Abercrombie, for example, estimated source corner frequencies from events recorded in granite at a depth of 2.5 Km in the Cajon Pass scientific drill hole and

  5. One-Particle Measurement of the Antiproton Magnetic Moment

    CERN Document Server

    DiSciacca, J.; Marable, K.; Gabrielse, G.; Ettenauer, S.; Tardiff, E.; Kalra, R.; Fitzakerley, D.W.; George, M.C.; Hessels, E.A.; Storry, C.H.; Weel, M.; Grzonka, D.; Oelert, W.; Sefzick, T.

    2013-01-01

    The antiproton $(\\bar{p})$ magnetic moment $\\mu \\bar{p} = \\mu_{\\bar{p}} S/(\\bar{h}/2)$ is proportional to its spin $S$. A single trapped $\\bar{p}$ is used for the first time to measure the $\\bar{p}$ magnetic moment in nuclear magnetons, giving $\\mu_\\bar{p}/\\mu N = -2.792 845 \\pm 0.000 012$. The 4.4 parts per million (ppm) uncertainty is 680 times smaller than previously realized. Comparing to the proton moment $\\mu_{p} = \\mu_{p} S/\\bar{h}/2)$ measured using the same method and trap electrodes gives $\\mu_{\\bar{p}}/\\mu_{p} = -1.000 000 \\pm 0.000 005$ to 5 ppm, consistent with the prediction of the CPT theorem.

  6. Deuteron magnetic quadrupole moment from chiral effective field theory

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, C. -P.; de Vries, J.; Mereghetti, E.; Timmermans, R. G. E.; van Kolck, U.

    2012-01-01

    We calculate the magnetic quadrupole moment (MQM) of the deuteron at leading order in the systematic expansion provided by chiral effective field theory. We take into account parity (P) and time-reversal (T) violation which, at the quark-gluon level, results from the QCD vacuum angle and

  7. Pseudoclassical description of relativistic spinning particles with anomalous magnetic moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barducci, A.

    1982-12-01

    We present a completely consistent lagrangian formulation for a supersymmetric test particle with an anomalous magnetic moment in the presence of an arbitrary external electromagnetic field. We show that such a description is also possible in a supersymmetrical approach without breaking supersymmetry. On leave of absence from Istituto di Fisica Teorica dell' Università di Firenze, Lgo E. Fermi 2, 50125 Florence, Italy.

  8. Masses and magnetic moments of triple heavy flavour baryons in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    The predicted masses are found to attain a saturated value with respect to variation in p beyond the power index > 1.0. Using the spin-flavour structure of the constituting quarks and by defining effective mass of the confined quarks within the baryons, the magnetic moments are computed with no additional free parameters ...

  9. Constraining the neutrino magnetic dipole moment from white dwarf pulsations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Córsico, A.H.; Althaus, L.G. [Grupo de Evolución Estelar y Pulsaciones, Facultad de Ciencias Astronómicas y Geofísicas, Universidad Nacional de La Plata, Paseo del Bosque s/n, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Bertolami, M.M. Miller [Instituto de Astrofísica La Plata, CONICET-UNLP, Paseo del Bosque s/n, (1900) La Plata (Argentina); Kepler, S.O. [Departamento de Astronomia, Universidade Federal do Rio Grande do Sul, Av. Bento Goncalves 9500, Porto Alegre 91501-970, RS (Brazil); García-Berro, E., E-mail: acorsico@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: althaus@fcaglp.unlp.edu.ar, E-mail: marcelo@MPA-Garching.MPG.DE, E-mail: kepler@if.ufrgs.br, E-mail: enrique.garcia-berro@upc.edu [Departament de Física Aplicada, Universitat Politècnica de Catalunya, c/Esteve Terrades 5, 08860, Castelldefels (Spain)

    2014-08-01

    Pulsating white dwarf stars can be used as astrophysical laboratories to constrain the properties of weakly interacting particles. Comparing the cooling rates of these stars with the expected values from theoretical models allows us to search for additional sources of cooling due to the emission of axions, neutralinos, or neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. In this work, we derive an upper bound to the neutrino magnetic dipole moment (μ{sub ν}) using an estimate of the rate of period change of the pulsating DB white dwarf star PG 1351+489. We employ state-of-the-art evolutionary and pulsational codes which allow us to perform a detailed asteroseismological period fit based on fully DB white dwarf evolutionary sequences. Plasmon neutrino emission is the dominant cooling mechanism for this class of hot pulsating white dwarfs, and so it is the main contributor to the rate of change of period with time (Pidot) for the DBV class. Thus, the inclusion of an anomalous neutrino emission through a non-vanishing magnetic dipole moment in these sequences notably influences the evolutionary timescales, and also the expected pulsational properties of the DBV stars. By comparing the theoretical Pidot value with the rate of change of period with time of PG 1351+489, we assess the possible existence of additional cooling by neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. Our models suggest the existence of some additional cooling in this pulsating DB white dwarf, consistent with a non-zero magnetic dipole moment with an upper limit of μ{sub ν} ∼< 10{sup -11} μ{sub B}. This bound is somewhat less restrictive than, but still compatible with, other limits inferred from the white dwarf luminosity function or from the color-magnitude diagram of the Globular cluster M5. Further improvements of the measurement of the rate of period change of the dominant pulsation mode of PG 1351+489 will be necessary to confirm our bound.

  10. Constraining the neutrino magnetic dipole moment from white dwarf pulsations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Córsico, A. H.; Althaus, L. G.; Miller Bertolami, M. M.; Kepler, S. O.; García-Berro, E.

    2014-08-01

    Pulsating white dwarf stars can be used as astrophysical laboratories to constrain the properties of weakly interacting particles. Comparing the cooling rates of these stars with the expected values from theoretical models allows us to search for additional sources of cooling due to the emission of axions, neutralinos, or neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. In this work, we derive an upper bound to the neutrino magnetic dipole moment (μν) using an estimate of the rate of period change of the pulsating DB white dwarf star PG 1351+489. We employ state-of-the-art evolutionary and pulsational codes which allow us to perform a detailed asteroseismological period fit based on fully DB white dwarf evolutionary sequences. Plasmon neutrino emission is the dominant cooling mechanism for this class of hot pulsating white dwarfs, and so it is the main contributor to the rate of change of period with time (Pi dot) for the DBV class. Thus, the inclusion of an anomalous neutrino emission through a non-vanishing magnetic dipole moment in these sequences notably influences the evolutionary timescales, and also the expected pulsational properties of the DBV stars. By comparing the theoretical Pi dot value with the rate of change of period with time of PG 1351+489, we assess the possible existence of additional cooling by neutrinos with magnetic dipole moment. Our models suggest the existence of some additional cooling in this pulsating DB white dwarf, consistent with a non-zero magnetic dipole moment with an upper limit of μν lesssim 10-11 μB. This bound is somewhat less restrictive than, but still compatible with, other limits inferred from the white dwarf luminosity function or from the color-magnitude diagram of the Globular cluster M5. Further improvements of the measurement of the rate of period change of the dominant pulsation mode of PG 1351+489 will be necessary to confirm our bound.

  11. Gate-dependent orbital magnetic moments in carbon nanotubes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jespersen, Thomas Sand; Grove-Rasmussen, Kasper; Flensberg, Karsten

    2011-01-01

    We investigate how the orbital magnetic moments of electron and hole states in a carbon nanotube quantum dot depend on the number of carriers on the dot. Low temperature transport measurements are carried out in a setup where the device can be rotated in an applied magnetic field, thus enabling...... accurate alignment with the nanotube axis. The field dependence of the level structure is measured by excited state spectroscopy and excellent correspondence with a single-particle calculation is found. In agreement with band structure calculations we find a decrease of the orbital magnetic moment...... with increasing electron or hole occupation of the dot, with a scale given by the band gap of the nanotube....

  12. Magnetic charge and moment dynamics in artificial kagome spin ice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farhan, A.; Derlet, P. M.; Anghinolfi, L.; Kleibert, A.; Heyderman, L. J.

    2017-08-01

    Spin ice materials represent an intriguing class of frustrated magnetic systems which, through their geometry, admit an exponential number of approximately degenerate configurations. In this paper, the relaxation properties of a thermally active artificial kagome spin ice system are studied. Through application of an external magnetic field, an out-of-equilibrium vertex charge ordered configuration is selected and relaxed under approximate zero-field conditions. Using x-ray photo-emission electron microscopy, the magnetic moment and vertex charge degrees of freedom are followed in space and time, revealing different dynamics to that seen in past athermal equilibration protocols, and a relaxation which is well described by a point-dipolar model system. Furthermore the charge correlations are found to relax with a time scale several times smaller than that of the moment correlations.

  13. Bimodal distribution of the magnetic dipole moment in nanoparticles with a monomodal distribution of the physical size

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rijssel, Jos van; Kuipers, Bonny W.M.; Erné, Ben H., E-mail: B.H.Erne@uu.nl

    2015-04-15

    High-frequency applications of magnetic nanoparticles, such as therapeutic hyperthermia and magnetic particle imaging, are sensitive to nanoparticle size and dipole moment. Usually, it is assumed that magnetic nanoparticles with a log-normal distribution of the physical size also have a log-normal distribution of the magnetic dipole moment. Here, we test this assumption for different types of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles in the 5–20 nm range, by multimodal fitting of magnetization curves using the MINORIM inversion method. The particles are studied while in dilute colloidal dispersion in a liquid, thereby preventing hysteresis and diminishing the effects of magnetic anisotropy on the interpretation of the magnetization curves. For two different types of well crystallized particles, the magnetic distribution is indeed log-normal, as expected from the physical size distribution. However, two other types of particles, with twinning defects or inhomogeneous oxide phases, are found to have a bimodal magnetic distribution. Our qualitative explanation is that relatively low fields are sufficient to begin aligning the particles in the liquid on the basis of their net dipole moment, whereas higher fields are required to align the smaller domains or less magnetic phases inside the particles. - Highlights: • Multimodal fits of dilute ferrofluids reveal when the particles are multidomain. • No a priori shape of the distribution is assumed by the MINORIM inversion method. • Well crystallized particles have log-normal TEM and magnetic size distributions. • Defective particles can combine a monomodal size and a bimodal dipole moment.

  14. Quantum oscillations of the magnetic moment of graphene and graphite

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petkovic, Ivana; Lollo, Anthony; Wang, Ke; Kim, Philip; Harris, Jack

    Quantum oscillations of the magnetic moment, so called de Haas - van Alphen (dHvA) oscillations, are a powerful tool for the investigation of the Fermi surface. In graphene with a fixed carrier density, the magnetic moment is predicted to oscillate as function of increasing perpendicular field B every time the uppermost Landau level empties out, yielding the characteristic 1/B dependence. To date, it has been challenging to measure the equilibrium magnetic moment of isolated samples of graphene. In graphite a more complex oscillation sequence is observed, due to its complicated Fermi surface with both electron and hole carriers. Historically graphite was one of the first materials in which dHvA oscillations were studied, but recently interest was revived due to an observation of carriers with relativistic dynamics. We have used cantilever torque magnetometry to study diamagnetism and dHvA oscillations of isolated samples of graphene and graphite between 400 mK and 20 K. For graphite, we observe dHvA oscillations which are used to study the composition and nature of carriers. For graphene, we discuss the results in relation to relativistic dispersion and disorder.

  15. Magnetic moments of K isomers as indicators of octupole collectivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Minkov, N. [Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Institute of Nuclear Research and Nuclear Energy, Sofia (Bulgaria); University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford (United Kingdom); Walker, P.M. [University of Surrey, Department of Physics, Guildford (United Kingdom); CERN, Geneva (Switzerland)

    2012-06-15

    The relation between the quadrupole-octupole deformation and the structure of high-K isomers in heavy even-even nuclei is studied through a reflection asymmetric deformed shell model including a BCS procedure with constant pairing interaction. Two-quasiparticle states with K{sup {pi}} = 4 {sup -}, 5 {sup -}, 6 {sup -}, 6 {sup +} and 7 {sup -} are considered in the region of actinide nuclei (U, Pu and Cm) and rare-earth nuclei (Nd, Sm and Gd). The behaviour of two-quasiparticle energies and magnetic dipole moments of these configurations is examined over a wide range in the plane of quadrupole and octupole deformations ({beta}{sub 2} and {beta}{sub 3}). In all considered actinide nuclei, the calculations show that there is pronounced sensitivity of the magnetic moments to the octupole deformation. In the rare-earth nuclei, the calculations for {sup 154,} {sup 156}Gd show stronger sensitivity of the magnetic moment to the octupole deformation than in the other considered cases. (orig.)

  16. Precise measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon

    CERN Document Server

    Bailey, J; Von Bochmann, G; Brown, R C A; Farley, F J M; Giesch, M; Jöstlein, H; van der Meer, S; Picasso, Emilio; Williams, R W

    1972-01-01

    The anomalous magnetic moment a identical to /sup 1///sub 2/ (g-2) of the muon has been measured in the CERN muon storage ring. The result is (116616+or-31).10/sup -8/ compared with the theoretical value (116588+or-2).10/sup -8/ showing agreement to (240+or-270) parts per million. The lifetime of muons moving in a circular orbit with gamma =12 was found to agree with the time dilation predicted by special relativity to within 1.1%. Details are given of the storage ring magnet, the instrumentation and the data analysis. The theoretical implications of the result are discussed. (37 refs).

  17. Magnetic Johnson Noise Constraints on Electron Electric Dipole Moment Experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Munger, C.

    2004-11-18

    Magnetic fields from statistical fluctuations in currents in conducting materials broaden atomic linewidths by the Zeeman effect. The constraints so imposed on the design of experiments to measure the electric dipole moment of the electron are analyzed. Contrary to the predictions of Lamoreaux [S.K. Lamoreaux, Phys. Rev. A60, 1717(1999)], the standard material for high-permeability magnetic shields proves to be as significant a source of broadening as an ordinary metal. A scheme that would replace this standard material with ferrite is proposed.

  18. The magnetic moments of the proton and the antiproton

    CERN Document Server

    Ulmer, S.; Blaum, K.; Braeuninger, S.; Franke, K.; Kracke, H.; Leiteritz, C.; Matsuda, Y.; Nagahama, H.; Ospelkaus, C.; Rodegheri, C.C.; Quint, W.; Schneider, G.; Smorra, C.; Van Gorp, S.; Walz, J.; Yamazaki, Y.

    2014-01-01

    Recent exciting progress in the preparation and manipulation of the motional quantum states of a single trapped proton enabled the first direct detection of the particle's spin state. Based on this success the proton magnetic moment $\\mu_p$ was measured with ppm precision in a Penning trap with a superimposed magnetic field inhomogeneity. An improvement by an additional factor of 1000 in precision is possible by application of the so-called double Penning trap technique. In a recent paper we reported the first demonstration of this method with a single trapped proton, which is a major step towards the first direct high-precision measurement of $\\mu_p$. The techniques required for the proton can be directly applied to measure the antiproton magnetic moment $\\mu_{\\bar{p}}$. An improvement in precision of $\\mu_{\\bar{p}}$ by more than three orders of magnitude becomes possible, which will provide one of the most sensitive tests of CPT invariance. To achieve this research goal we are currently setting up the Baryo...

  19. Higher moments of net kaon multiplicity distributions at RHIC energies for the search of QCD Critical Point at STAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarkar Amal

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we report the measurements of the various moments mean (M, standard deviation (σ skewness (S and kurtosis (κ of the net-Kaon multiplicity distribution at midrapidity from Au+Au collisions at √sNN = 7.7 to 200 GeV in the STAR experiment at RHIC in an effort to locate the critical point in the QCD phase diagram. These moments and their products are related to the thermodynamic susceptibilities of conserved quantities such as net baryon number, net charge, and net strangeness as also to the correlation length of the system. A non-monotonic behavior of these variable indicate the presence of the critical point. In this work we also present the moments products Sσ, κσ2 of net-Kaon multiplicity distribution as a function of collision centrality and energies. The energy and the centrality dependence of higher moments of net-Kaons and their products have been compared with it0s Poisson expectation and with simulations from AMPT which does not include the critical point. From the measurement at all seven available beam energies, we find no evidence for a critical point in the QCD phase diagram for √sNN below 200 GeV.

  20. The Polarization and Magnetic Moment of the Sigma Plus Hyperon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilkinson, Carol Ann [Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States)

    1985-12-01

    The polarization and magnetic moment of the $\\Sigma^+$ hyperon have been determined by analyzing 137,300 $\\Sigma^+ \\to p \\pi^0, \\pi^0 \\to 2 \\gamma$ decays. A beam of + inclusively-produced, polarized $\\Sigma^+$ hyperons was generated in a Fermilab Meson Lab beamline by 400 GeV protons incident on a beryllium target. The $\\Sigma^+$'s were produced at an angle of 5 mrad and ranged in momentum from 140 GeV/c to 350 GeV/c. + 0 The $\\Sigma^+ \\to p \\pi^0, \\pi \\to 2 \\gamma$ decays were detected by a multiwire proportional and drift chamber spectrometer with a lead glass array....

  1. Energy dependence of moments of net-proton multiplicity distributions at RHIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamczyk, L; Adkins, J K; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anson, C D; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, E C; Averichev, G S; Balewski, J; Banerjee, A; Barnovska, Z; Beavis, D R; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bhattarai, P; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, L C; Bordyuzhin, I G; Borowski, W; Bouchet, J; Brandin, A V; Brovko, S G; Bültmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, T P; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, M C; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, H F; Chen, J H; Chen, L; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Christie, W; Chwastowski, J; Codrington, M J M; Corliss, R; Cramer, J G; Crawford, H J; Cui, X; Das, S; Davila Leyva, A; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Deng, J; Derevschikov, A A; Derradi de Souza, R; Dhamija, S; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Ding, F; Djawotho, P; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Du, C M; Dunkelberger, L E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Engelage, J; Engle, K S; Eppley, G; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Fedorisin, J; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fisyak, Y; Flores, C E; Gagliardi, C A; Gangadharan, D R; Garand, D; Geurts, F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Gliske, S; Grosnick, D; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gupta, S; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hajkova, O; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Haque, R; Harris, J W; Hays-Wehle, J P; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Horvat, S; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Huck, P; Humanic, T J; Igo, G; Jacobs, W W; Jang, H; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kesich, A; Khan, Z H; Kikola, D P; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Korsch, W; Kotchenda, L; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kulakov, I; Kumar, L; Kycia, R A; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; Landry, K D; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; Leight, W; LeVine, M J; Li, C; Li, W; Li, X; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, Z M; Lima, L M; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Longacre, R S; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Madagodagettige Don, D M M D; Mahapatra, D P; Majka, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; McDonald, D; McShane, T S; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, D A; Munhoz, M G; Mustafa, M K; Nandi, B K; Nasim, Md; Nayak, T K; Nelson, J M; Nogach, L V; Noh, S Y; Novak, J; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Ohlson, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, E W; Oliveira, R A N; Pachr, M; Page, B S; Pal, S K; Pan, Y X; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Peterson, A; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Plyku, D; Poljak, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, A M; Pruthi, N K; Przybycien, M; Pujahari, P R; Putschke, J; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Riley, C K; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Ross, J F; Roy, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Sahoo, N R; Sahu, P K; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandacz, A; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmidke, W B; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, P V; Shao, M; Sharma, B; Shen, W Q; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Singaraju, R N; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, D; Smirnov, N; Solanki, D; Sorensen, P; deSouza, U G; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Stevens, J R; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, A A P; Sumbera, M; Sun, X; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Symons, T J M; Szanto de Toledo, A; Takahashi, J; Tang, A H; Tang, Z; Tarnowsky, T; Thomas, J H; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Trzeciak, B A; Tsai, O D; Turnau, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vanfossen, J A; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, G M S; Vasiliev, A N; Vertesi, R; Videbæk, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Voloshin, S A; Vossen, A; Wada, M; Walker, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, X L; Wang, Y; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Westfall, G D; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y F; Xiao, Z; Xie, W; Xin, K; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, Q H; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Yan, W; Yang, C; Yang, Y; Yang, Y; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Zawisza, Y; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, S; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, F; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhu, X; Zhu, Y H; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M

    2014-01-24

    We report the beam energy (sqrt[sNN]=7.7-200  GeV) and collision centrality dependence of the mean (M), standard deviation (σ), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ) of the net-proton multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions. The measurements are carried out by the STAR experiment at midrapidity (|y|<0.5) and within the transverse momentum range 0.4moments, Sσ and κσ2, are sensitive to the correlation length of the hot and dense medium created in the collisions and are related to the ratios of baryon number susceptibilities of corresponding orders. The products of moments are found to have values significantly below the Skellam expectation and close to expectations based on independent proton and antiproton production. The measurements are compared to a transport model calculation to understand the effect of acceptance and baryon number conservation and also to a hadron resonance gas model.

  2. Shell structure of potassium isotopes deduced from their magnetic moments

    CERN Document Server

    Papuga, J; Kreim, K; Barbieri, C; Blaum, K; De Rydt, M; Duguet, T; Garcia Ruiz, R F; Heylen, H; Kowalska, M; Neugart, R; Neyens, G; Nortershauser, W; Rajabali, M M; Sanchez, R; Smirnova, N; Soma, V; Yordanov, D T

    2014-01-01

    $\\textbf{Background:}$ Ground-state spins and magnetic moments are sensitive to the nuclear wave function, thus they are powerful probes to study the nuclear structure of isotopes far from stability. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Purpose:}$ Extend our knowledge about the evolution of the $1/2^+$ and $3/2^+$ states for K isotopes beyond the $N = 28$ shell gap. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Method:}$ High-resolution collinear laser spectroscopy on bunched atomic beams. \\\\ \\\\ $\\textbf{Results:}$ From measured hyperfine structure spectra of K isotopes, nuclear spins and magnetic moments of the ground states were obtained for isotopes from $N = 19$ up to $N = 32$. In order to draw conclusions about the composition of the wave functions and the occupation of the levels, the experimental data were compared to shell-model calculations using SDPF-NR and SDPF-U effective interactions. In addition, a detailed discussion about the evolution of the gap between proton $1d_{3/2}$ and $2s_{1/2}$ in the shell model and $\\textit{ab initio}$ framework is al...

  3. Magnetic properties of two-dimensional Josephson nets with SNS-junctions

    CERN Document Server

    Ishikaev, S M; Ryazanov, V V; Oboznov, V A

    2002-01-01

    The dependence of the magnetic moment of the square (100 x 100) Josephson nets with the SNS-transitions in the Nb-Cu sub 0 sub . sub 9 sub 5 Al sub 0 sub . 0 sub 5 -Nb on the field is studied through the SQUID-magnetometer. Significant difference in the behaviour during the process of the magnetic flux inlet into the net and its outlet from there was identified thereby. The regular periodical dependence with peaks corresponding to the whole and half number of the flux quanta per one cell is observed on the curve branches, where the increase in the field absolute value takes place. At the same time no visible peculiarities are noted by decrease in the field absolute value. The flux quasi-hydrodynamic motion in the net is explained by significant viscosity of the vortices during their passage through the Josephson junction

  4. Magnetic moments in a gadolinium iron garnet studied by soft-X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rudolf, P.; Sette, F.; Tjeng, L.H.; Meigs, G.; Chen, C.T.

    1992-01-01

    The magnetic moments of Gd and Fe in gadolinium iron garnet (Gd3Fe5O12) were probed at 77 and 300 K by soft-X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (SXMCD) measurements at the GdMa4,5 and at the FeL2,3 absorption edges. The SXMCD signal at each edge allows one to independently determine the magnetic

  5. Implications of muon anomalous magnetic moment for supersymmetric dark matter.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baltz, E A; Gondolo, P

    2001-05-28

    The anomalous magnetic moment of the muon has recently been measured to be in conflict with the standard model prediction with an excess of 2.6sigma. Taking the excess at face value as a measurement of the supersymmetric contribution, we find that at 95% confidence level it imposes an upper bound of 500 GeV on the neutralino mass and forbids Higgsinos as being the bulk of cold dark matter. Other implications for the astrophysical detection of neutralinos include an accessible minimum direct detection rate, lower bounds on the indirect detection rate of neutrinos from the Sun and the Earth, and a suppression of the intensity of gamma ray lines from neutralino annihilations in the galactic halo.

  6. On the origin of the giant magnetic moment of the Al-Mn quasicrystals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bocharov P.V.

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available Ab initio calculations of magnetic moments for icosahedral clusters contained in crystal structures Al10Mn3, Al5Co2, Al17Mn4 (Al13Cr4Si4-type fulfilled in the framework of Density Functional Theory. The AlMn cluster having the trigonal D3h symmetry with the triangle of Mn ions in the interior has the moment being equal to three magnetic moments of a single manganese ion (4.4 μB, the moment of the tetrahedral Td cluster with the Mn tetrahedron in the interior is equal approximately to twelve magnetic moments of the single manganese ion (15.5 μB. The magnetic moment of icosahedral Al-Co clusters having the same configuration is equal to zero. The magnetic moments of the rod assembled from the icosahedral clusters with the sequence Td D3h - Td was found to be 20.5 μB. This value permits to explain the giant magnetic moment of icosahedral and decagonal Al-Mn quasicrystals and gives the indirect evidence to the hierarchical model of the quasicrystals structure proposed by the authors recently. An arrangement of magnetic moment carriers in the interior of the aluminum shell of icosahedral clusters permits to suggest the interaction between contacting manganese ions as the main origin of the giant magnetic moment of the Al-Mn quasicrystals.

  7. Relationship between resultant force at the pushrim and the net shoulder joint moments during manual wheelchair propulsion in elderly persons.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desroches, Guillaume; Aissaoui, Rachid; Bourbonnais, Daniel

    2008-06-01

    To determine the relationship between the resultant force at the pushrim and the net shoulder joint moments during manual wheelchair propulsion in elderly persons. Convenience sample. Motion analysis laboratory. Older manual wheelchair users (N=14; age, 68.2+/-5.2y) were tested. Kinematic and kinetic data were collected during manual wheelchair propulsion at a speed between 0.96 and 1.01m/s for 10 seconds and at a power output around 22.4W on a wheelchair ergometer. Net shoulder joint moments were computed with an inverse dynamic model. The mechanical use of the forces at the pushrim and the mechanical fraction of effective force were measured during propulsion. Mechanical use and mechanical fraction of effective force had a positive and significant correlation with the net internal (Pplane, and the net flexion (Pplane. The results suggest that because the resultant force at the pushrim has a greater tangential component and a greater proportion of the maximal voluntary force, most of the net moments around the shoulder are higher. Thus the optimal way of propelling, from a mechanical point of view (ie, tangential), may not be advantageous for manual wheelchair users.

  8. Voltage Control of Rare-Earth Magnetic Moments at the Magnetic-Insulator-Metal Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leon, Alejandro O.; Cahaya, Adam B.; Bauer, Gerrit E. W.

    2018-01-01

    The large spin-orbit interaction in the lanthanides implies a strong coupling between their internal charge and spin degrees of freedom. We formulate the coupling between the voltage and the local magnetic moments of rare-earth atoms with a partially filled 4 f shell at the interface between an insulator and a metal. The rare-earth-mediated torques allow the power-efficient control of spintronic devices by electric-field-induced ferromagnetic resonance and magnetization switching.

  9. Observation of the Nuclear Magnetic Octupole Moment of 137Ba+

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffman, Matthew

    Single trapped ions are ideal systems in which to test atomic physics at high precision, which can in turn be used for searches for violations of fundamental symmetries and physics beyond the standard model, in addition to quantum computation and a number of other applications. The ion is confined in ultra-high vacuum, is laser cooled to mK temperatures, and kept well isolated from the environment which allows these experimental efforts. In this thesis, a few diagnostic techniques will be discussed, covering a method to measure the linewidth of a narrowband laser in the presence of magnetic field noise, as well as a procedure to measure the ion's temperature using such a narrowband laser. This work has led to two precision experiments to measure atomic structure in 138Ba+, and 137Ba+ discussed here. First, employing laser and radio frequency spectroscopy techniques in 138Ba+, we measured the Lande- gJ factor of the 5D5/2 level at the part-per-million level, the highest precision to date. Later, the development of apparatus to efficiently trap and laser cool 137Ba+ has enabled a measurement of the hyperfine splittings of the 5D3/2 manifold, culminating in the observation of the nuclear magnetic octupole moment of 137Ba+.

  10. Touchless attitude correction for satellite with constant magnetic moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ao, Hou-jun; Yang, Le-ping; Zhu, Yan-wei; Zhang, Yuan-wen; Huang, Huan

    2017-09-01

    Rescue of satellite with attitude fault is of great value. Satellite with improper injection attitude may lose contact with ground as the antenna points to the wrong direction, or encounter energy problems as solar arrays are not facing the sun. Improper uploaded command may set the attitude out of control, exemplified by Japanese Hitomi spacecraft. In engineering practice, traditional physical contact approaches have been applied, yet with a potential risk of collision and a lack of versatility since the mechanical systems are mission-specific. This paper puts forward a touchless attitude correction approach, in which three satellites are considered, one having constant dipole and two having magnetic coils to control attitude of the first. Particular correction configurations are designed and analyzed to maintain the target's orbit during the attitude correction process. A reference coordinate system is introduced to simplify the control process and avoid the singular value problem of Euler angles. Based on the spherical triangle basic relations, the accurate varying geomagnetic field is considered in the attitude dynamic mode. Sliding mode control method is utilized to design the correction law. Finally, numerical simulation is conducted to verify the theoretical derivation. It can be safely concluded that the no-contact attitude correction approach for the satellite with uniaxial constant magnetic moment is feasible and potentially applicable to on-orbit operations.

  11. The quantitative measurement of magnetic moments from phase images of nanoparticles and nanostructures – I. Fundamentals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beleggia, Marco; Kasama, Takeshi; Dunin-Borkowski, Rafal E.

    2010-01-01

    the structure of interest. The quantity obtained is found to be directly proportional to the magnetic moment of the particle, with a constant of proportionality that does not depend on the particle's shape or magnetization state. The measurement of magnetic moments from both simulated and experimental phase...... images is demonstrated, and strategies are presented that can be utilized to overcome sources of error associated with, for example, the presence of neighboring magnetic particles and the perturbation of the holographic reference wave...

  12. The Measurement of the Muon's Anomalous Magnetic Moment Isn't

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, J L; Shadmi, Y; Feng, Jonathan L; Matchev, Konstantin T.; Shadmi, Yael

    2003-01-01

    Recently the Muon (g-2) Collaboration announced a new measurement of the muon's anomalous magnetic moment [hep-ex/0208001]. More precisely, however, what has been measured is the muon's anomalous spin precession frequency. We point out that this receives contributions from both the muon's anomalous magnetic and electric dipole moments, and the reported data and all existing constraints cannot distinguish between the two.

  13. Measurement of the Magnetic Moment of the Negative Muon Bound in Different Atoms

    CERN Document Server

    Mamedov, T N; Gritsaj, K I; Kormann, O; Major, J V; Stoikov, A V; Zimmermann, U

    2001-01-01

    Theoretical calculations show that the magnetic moment of the electron and the negative muon in a bound state in an atom should be different from the magnetic moment of the free particle due to their relativistic motion. There are also additional radiative corrections to the magnetic moment of a bound electron (muon) due to the presence of the strong Coulomb field of the atomic nucleus. The results of the measurements of the magnetic moment of the negative muon in carbon, oxygen, magnesium, silicon, sulfur, and zinc are presented. The accuracy of the measurements makes it possible to prove the dependence of the relativistic correction to the magnetic moment of a bound muon on Z of the atom.

  14. Measurement of Short Living Baryon Magnetic Moment using Bent Crystals at SPS and LHC

    CERN Document Server

    Burmistrov, L; Ivanov, Yu; Massacrier, L; Robbe, P; Scandale, W; Stocchi, A

    2016-01-01

    The magnetic moments of baryons containing u,d and s quarks have been extensively studied and measured. The experimental results are all obtained by a well-assessed method that consists in measuring the polarisation vector of the incoming particles and the precession angle when the particle is travelling through an intense magnetic field. The polarization is evaluated by analysing the angular distribution of the decay products. No measurement of magnetic moments of charm or beauty baryons (and τ leptons) has been performed so far. The main reason is the lifetimes of charm/beauty baryons, too short to measure the magnetic moment by standard techniques. Historically, the prediction of baryon magnetic moments was one of the striking successes of the quark model. The importance of the measurement of heavy quark magnetic moment is to test the possibility that the charmed and/or beauty quarks has an anomalous magnetic moment, arising if those quarks are composite objects. Measurements on magnetic moments of heav...

  15. Neutron stars including the effects of chaotic magnetic fields and anomalous magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Fei; Wu, Chen; Ren, Zhong-Zhou

    2017-04-01

    The relativistic mean field (RMF) FSUGold model extended to include hyperons is employed to study the properties of neutron stars with strong magnetic fields. The chaotic magnetic field approximation is utilized. The effect of anomalous magnetic moments (AMMs) is also investigated. It is shown that the equation of state (EOS) of neutron star matter is stiffened by the presence of the magnetic field, which increases the maximum mass of a neutron star by around 6%. The AMMs only have a small influence on the EOS of neutron star matter, and increase the maximum mass of a neutron star by 0.02M sun. Neutral particles are spin polarized due to the presence of the AMMs. Supported by National Natural Science Foundation of China (11535004, 11375086, 11120101005, 11175085, 11235001), 973 National Major State Basic Research and Development of China (2013CB834400), and Science and Technology Development Fund of Macau (068/2011/A)

  16. Residence time control on hot moments of net nitrate production and uptake in the hyporheic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briggs, Martin A.; Lautz, Laura K.; Hare, Danielle K.

    2014-01-01

    The retention capacity for biologically available nitrogen within streams can be influenced by dynamic hyporheic zone exchange, a process that may act as either a net source or net sink of dissolved nitrogen. Over 5 weeks, nine vertical profiles of streambed chemistry (NO3- and NH4+) were collected above two beaver dams along with continuous high-resolution vertical hyporheic flux data. The results indicate a non-linear relation of net NO3- production followed by net uptake in the hyporheic zone as a function of residence time. This Lagrangian-based relation is consistent through time and across varied morphology (bars, pools, glides) above the dams, even though biogeochemical and environmental factors varied. The empirical continuum between net NO3- production and uptake and residence time is useful for identifying two crucial residence time thresholds: the transition to anaerobic respiration, which corresponds to the time of peak net nitrate production, and the net sink threshold, which is defined by a net uptake in NO3- relative to streamwater. Short-term hyporheic residence time variability at specific locations creates hot

  17. Tunability of Size and Magnetic Moment of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized by Forced Hydrolysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ben Sutens

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available To utilize iron oxide nanoparticles in biomedical applications, a sufficient magnetic moment is crucial. Since this magnetic moment is directly proportional to the size of the superparamagnetic nanoparticles, synthesis methods of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with tunable size are desirable. However, most existing protocols are plagued by several drawbacks. Presented here is a one-pot synthesis method resulting in monodisperse superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with a controllable size and magnetic moment using cost-effective reagents. The obtained nanoparticles were thoroughly characterized by transmission electron microscopy (TEM, X-ray diffraction (XRD and Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR measurements. Furthermore, the influence of the size on the magnetic moment of the nanoparticles is analyzed by superconducting quantum interference device (SQUID magnetometry. To emphasize the potential use in biomedical applications, magnetic heating experiments were performed.

  18. Beam energy dependence of moments of the net-charge multiplicity distributions in Au+Au collisions at RHIC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adamczyk, L; Adkins, J K; Agakishiev, G; Aggarwal, M M; Ahammed, Z; Alekseev, I; Alford, J; Anson, C D; Aparin, A; Arkhipkin, D; Aschenauer, E C; Averichev, G S; Balewski, J; Banerjee, A; Barnovska, Z; Beavis, D R; Bellwied, R; Bhasin, A; Bhati, A K; Bhattarai, P; Bichsel, H; Bielcik, J; Bielcikova, J; Bland, L C; Bordyuzhin, I G; Borowski, W; Bouchet, J; Brandin, A V; Brovko, S G; Bültmann, S; Bunzarov, I; Burton, T P; Butterworth, J; Caines, H; Calderón de la Barca Sánchez, M; Cebra, D; Cendejas, R; Cervantes, M C; Chaloupka, P; Chang, Z; Chattopadhyay, S; Chen, H F; Chen, J H; Chen, L; Cheng, J; Cherney, M; Chikanian, A; Christie, W; Chwastowski, J; Codrington, M J M; Corliss, R; Cramer, J G; Crawford, H J; Cui, X; Das, S; Davila Leyva, A; De Silva, L C; Debbe, R R; Dedovich, T G; Deng, J; Derevschikov, A A; Derradi de Souza, R; Dhamija, S; di Ruzza, B; Didenko, L; Dilks, C; Ding, F; Djawotho, P; Dong, X; Drachenberg, J L; Draper, J E; Du, C M; Dunkelberger, L E; Dunlop, J C; Efimov, L G; Engelage, J; Engle, K S; Eppley, G; Eun, L; Evdokimov, O; Fatemi, R; Fazio, S; Fedorisin, J; Filip, P; Finch, E; Fisyak, Y; Flores, C E; Gagliardi, C A; Gangadharan, D R; Garand, D; Geurts, F; Gibson, A; Girard, M; Gliske, S; Grosnick, D; Guo, Y; Gupta, A; Gupta, S; Guryn, W; Haag, B; Hajkova, O; Hamed, A; Han, L-X; Haque, R; Harris, J W; Hays-Wehle, J P; Heppelmann, S; Hirsch, A; Hoffmann, G W; Hofman, D J; Horvat, S; Huang, B; Huang, H Z; Huck, P; Humanic, T J; Igo, G; Jacobs, W W; Jang, H; Judd, E G; Kabana, S; Kalinkin, D; Kang, K; Kauder, K; Ke, H W; Keane, D; Kechechyan, A; Kesich, A; Khan, Z H; Kikola, D P; Kisel, I; Kisiel, A; Koetke, D D; Kollegger, T; Konzer, J; Koralt, I; Korsch, W; Kotchenda, L; Kravtsov, P; Krueger, K; Kulakov, I; Kumar, L; Kycia, R A; Lamont, M A C; Landgraf, J M; Landry, K D; Lauret, J; Lebedev, A; Lednicky, R; Lee, J H; Leight, W; LeVine, M J; Li, C; Li, W; Li, X; Li, X; Li, Y; Li, Z M; Lima, L M; Lisa, M A; Liu, F; Ljubicic, T; Llope, W J; Longacre, R S; Luo, X; Ma, G L; Ma, Y G; Madagodagettige Don, D M M D; Mahapatra, D P; Majka, R; Margetis, S; Markert, C; Masui, H; Matis, H S; McDonald, D; McShane, T S; Minaev, N G; Mioduszewski, S; Mohanty, B; Mondal, M M; Morozov, D A; Munhoz, M G; Mustafa, M K; Nandi, B K; Nasim, Md; Nayak, T K; Nelson, J M; Nogach, L V; Noh, S Y; Novak, J; Nurushev, S B; Odyniec, G; Ogawa, A; Oh, K; Ohlson, A; Okorokov, V; Oldag, E W; Oliveira, R A N; Pachr, M; Page, B S; Pal, S K; Pan, Y X; Pandit, Y; Panebratsev, Y; Pawlak, T; Pawlik, B; Pei, H; Perkins, C; Peryt, W; Peterson, A; Pile, P; Planinic, M; Pluta, J; Plyku, D; Poljak, N; Porter, J; Poskanzer, A M; Pruthi, N K; Przybycien, M; Pujahari, P R; Qiu, H; Quintero, A; Ramachandran, S; Raniwala, R; Raniwala, S; Ray, R L; Riley, C K; Ritter, H G; Roberts, J B; Rogachevskiy, O V; Romero, J L; Ross, J F; Roy, A; Ruan, L; Rusnak, J; Sahoo, N R; Sahu, P K; Sakrejda, I; Salur, S; Sandacz, A; Sandweiss, J; Sangaline, E; Sarkar, A; Schambach, J; Scharenberg, R P; Schmah, A M; Schmidke, W B; Schmitz, N; Seger, J; Seyboth, P; Shah, N; Shahaliev, E; Shanmuganathan, P V; Shao, M; Sharma, B; Shen, W Q; Shi, S S; Shou, Q Y; Sichtermann, E P; Singaraju, R N; Skoby, M J; Smirnov, D; Smirnov, N; Solanki, D; Sorensen, P; deSouza, U G; Spinka, H M; Srivastava, B; Stanislaus, T D S; Stevens, J R; Stock, R; Strikhanov, M; Stringfellow, B; Suaide, A A P; Sumbera, M; Sun, X; Sun, X M; Sun, Y; Sun, Z; Surrow, B; Svirida, D N; Symons, T J M; Szanto de Toledo, A; Takahashi, J; Tang, A H; Tang, Z; Tarnowsky, T; Thomas, J H; Timmins, A R; Tlusty, D; Tokarev, M; Trentalange, S; Tribble, R E; Tribedy, P; Trzeciak, B A; Tsai, O D; Turnau, J; Ullrich, T; Underwood, D G; Van Buren, G; van Nieuwenhuizen, G; Vanfossen, J A; Varma, R; Vasconcelos, G M S; Vasiliev, A N; Vertesi, R; Videbæk, F; Viyogi, Y P; Vokal, S; Vossen, A; Wada, M; Walker, M; Wang, F; Wang, G; Wang, H; Wang, J S; Wang, X L; Wang, Y; Wang, Y; Webb, G; Webb, J C; Westfall, G D; Wieman, H; Wissink, S W; Witt, R; Wu, Y F; Xiao, Z; Xie, W; Xin, K; Xu, H; Xu, N; Xu, Q H; Xu, Y; Xu, Z; Yan, W; Yang, C; Yang, Y; Yang, Y; Ye, Z; Yepes, P; Yi, L; Yip, K; Yoo, I-K; Zawisza, Y; Zbroszczyk, H; Zha, W; Zhang, J B; Zhang, S; Zhang, X P; Zhang, Y; Zhang, Z P; Zhao, F; Zhao, J; Zhong, C; Zhu, X; Zhu, Y H; Zoulkarneeva, Y; Zyzak, M

    2014-08-29

    We report the first measurements of the moments--mean (M), variance (σ(2)), skewness (S), and kurtosis (κ)--of the net-charge multiplicity distributions at midrapidity in Au+Au collisions at seven energies, ranging from sqrt[sNN]=7.7 to 200 GeV, as a part of the Beam Energy Scan program at RHIC. The moments are related to the thermodynamic susceptibilities of net charge, and are sensitive to the location of the QCD critical point. We compare the products of the moments, σ(2)/M, Sσ, and κσ(2), with the expectations from Poisson and negative binomial distributions (NBDs). The Sσ values deviate from the Poisson baseline and are close to the NBD baseline, while the κσ(2) values tend to lie between the two. Within the present uncertainties, our data do not show nonmonotonic behavior as a function of collision energy. These measurements provide a valuable tool to extract the freeze-out parameters in heavy-ion collisions by comparing with theoretical models.

  19. Field Induced Magnetic Moments in a Metastable Iron-Mercury Alloy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, M.S.; Mørup, Steen; Linderoth, Søren

    1996-01-01

    The magnetic properties of a metastable iron-mercury alloy have been investigated in the temperature range from 5 to 200 K by Mossbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. At low temperature the magnetic moment per iron atom is larger than af alpha-Fe. The effective spontaneous magnetic ....... It was found that the field-induced increase of the magnetic moment in the metastable iron-mecury alloy was about 0.06 Bohr magnetons per iron atom in the temperature range from 5 to 200 K for a field change from 6 to 12 T....

  20. X-ray detection of transient magnetic moments induced by a spin current in Cu

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kukreja, R. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Bonetti, S. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Chen, Z. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stanford Univ., Stanford, CA (United States); Backes, D. [New York Univ. (NYU), New York, NY (United States); Acremann, Y. [ETH Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland); Katine, J. [HGST, a Western Digital Company, San Jose, CA (United States); Kent, A. D. [New York Univ. (NYU), New York, NY (United States); Durr, H. A. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Ohldag, H. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States); Stohr, J. [SLAC National Accelerator Lab., Menlo Park, CA (United States)

    2015-08-24

    We have used a MHz lock-in x-ray spectromicroscopy technique to directly detect changes in magnetic moment of Cu due to spin injection from an adjacent Co layer. The elemental and chemical specificity of x rays allows us to distinguish two spin current induced effects. We detect the creation of transient magnetic moments of 3×10–5μB on Cu atoms within the bulk of the 28 nm thick Cu film due to spin accumulation. The moment value is compared to predictions by Mott’s two current model. We also observe that the hybridization induced existing magnetic moments at the Cu interface atoms are transiently increased by about 10% or 4×10–3μB per atom. As a result, this reveals the dominance of spin-torque alignment over Joule heat induced disorder of the interfacial Cu moments during current flow.

  1. Planar Hall ring sensor for ultra-low magnetic moment sensing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hung, Tran Quang; Terki, Ferial; Kamara, Souleymanne

    2015-01-01

    The field sensitivity of a planar Hall effect (PHE) micro-ring type biosensor has been investigated as a function of magnetizing angle of the sensor material, for the sensing of low magnetic moment superparamagnetic labels. The field sensitivity is maximal at a magnetizing angle of α = 20...

  2. Pinch technique prescription to compute the electroweak corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment

    OpenAIRE

    Cabral-Rosetti, L.G.; Lopez Castro, G.; Pestieau, Jean

    2004-01-01

    We apply a simple prescription derived from the framework of the Pinch Technique formalism to check the calculation of the gauge-invariant one-loop bosonic electroweak corrections to the muon anomalous magnetic moment.

  3. First on-line $\\beta$-NMR on oriented nuclei magnetic dipole moments of the $\

    CERN Document Server

    Giles, T; Stone, N J; Van Esbroeck, K; White, G; Wöhr, A; Veskovic, M; Towner, I S; Mantica, P F; Prisciandaro, J I; Morrissey, D J; Fedosseev, V; Mishin, V I; Köster, U; Walters, W B

    2000-01-01

    The first fully on-line use of the angular distribution of $\\beta$ - emission in detection of NMR of nuclei oriented at low temperatures is reported. The magnetic moments of the single valence particle, intermediate mass, isotopes $^{67}$Ni($\

  4. The magnetic moment of NiO nanoparticles determined by Mössbauer spectroscopy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bahl, Christian Robert Haffenden; Hansen, Mikkel Fougt; Pedersen, Thomas

    2006-01-01

    electron microscopy and x-ray diffraction and found to be plate-shaped. Computer simulations showed that high-field Mössbauer data are very sensitive to the size of the uncompensated magnetic moment. From analyses of the Mössbauer spectra we have estimated that the size of the uncompensated magnetic moment...... is in accordance with a model based on random occupation of surface sites. The analyses of the magnetization data gave larger magnetic moments, but the difference can be explained by the different sensitivity of the two methods to a particle size distribution and by interactions between the particles, which may......We have studied the magnetic properties of 57Fe-doped NiO nanoparticles using Mössbauer spectroscopy and magnetization measurements. Two samples with different degrees of interparticle interaction were studied. In both samples the particles were characterized by high-resolution transmission...

  5. Statistical thermodynamics and magnetic moments of Landau quantized group VI dichalcogenides

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horing, Norman J. M.

    2018-02-01

    This work is focused on the determination of the Helmholtz free energy and the magnetic moments of the ‘Dirac-like’ group VI dichalcogenides subject to Landau quantization. We employ a technique described by Wilson to relate the free energy to the Green’s function for the dichalcogenides in a high magnetic field, which was recently evaluated explicitly in terms of elementary functions. In the course of this analysis, the partition function is determined as a function of the magnetic field as well. The results exhibit the role of the quantizing magnetic field in the Helmholtz free energy at arbitrary temperature, and they are also employed to obtain the magnetic moments of the dichalcogenides. Explicit analytic formulas characteristic of de Haas–van Alphen oscillatory phenomenology are presented in the degenerate limit, and nondegenerate Landau quantization effects are also presented for the dichalcogenide magnetic moments.

  6. Magnetic Moment of Cu-Modified Ni2MnGa Magnetic Shape Memory Alloys

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurt R.A. Ziebeck

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The magnetization measurements at 5 K were carried out for Ni2Mn1 − xCuxGa (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.40 and Ni2MnGa1 − yCuy (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.25 alloys. All of the magnetization curves are characteristic of ferromagnetism or ferrimagnetism. By using Arrott plot analysis the spontaneous magnetization of all samples was determined from the magnetization curves. The magnetic moment per formula unit, μs, at 5 K was estimated from the spontaneous magnetization. For Ni2Mn1 − xCuxGa (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.40 alloys μs at 5 K decreases linearly with increasing x. On the other hand, the μs at 5 K for Ni2MnGa1 − yCuy (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.25 alloys decreases more steeply with increasing x compared to the μs for Ni2Mn1 − xCuxGa (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.40 alloys. On the basis of the experimental results, the site-occupation configurations of Ni2Mn1 − xCuxGa (0 ≤ x ≤ 0.40 and Ni2MnGa1 − yCuy (0 ≤ y ≤ 0.25 alloys are proposed.

  7. Additive Manufacturing of Near-net Shaped Permanent Magnets

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paranthaman, M Parans [ORNL

    2016-07-26

    The technical objective of this technical collaboration phase I proposal is to fabricate near net-shaped permanent magnets using alloy powders utilizing direct metal deposition technologies at the ORNL MDF. Direct Manufacturing using the POM laser system was used to consolidate Nd2Fe14B (NdFeB) magnet powders into near net-shape parts efficiently and with virtually no wasted material as part of the feasibility study. We fabricated builds based on spherical NdFeB magnet particles. The results show that despite the ability to fabricate highly reactive materials in the laser deposition process, the magnetic coercivity and remanence of the NdFeB hard magnets is significantly reduced. X-ray powder diffraction in conjunction with electron microscopy showed that the material experienced a primary Nd2Fe17Bx solidification due to the undercooling effect (>60K). Consequently the presence of alpha iron phase resulted in deterioration of the build properties. Further optimization of the processing parameters is needed to maintain the Nd2Fe14B phase during fabrication.

  8. Tunability of Size and Magnetic Moment of Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Synthesized by Forced Hydrolysis

    OpenAIRE

    Sutens, Ben; Swusten, Tom; Zhong, Kuo; Jochum, Johanna K; Van Bael, Margriet J; Van der Eycken, Erik; Brullot, Ward; Bloemen, Maarten; Verbiest, Thierry

    2016-01-01

    To utilize iron oxide nanoparticles in biomedical applications, a sufficient magnetic moment is crucial. Since this magnetic moment is directly proportional to the size of the superparamagnetic nanoparticles, synthesis methods of superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with tunable size are desirable. However, most existing protocols are plagued by several drawbacks. Presented here is a one-pot synthesis method resulting in monodisperse superparamagnetic iron oxide nanoparticles with a con...

  9. On a Neutral Particle with a Magnetic Quadrupole Moment in a Uniform Effective Magnetic Field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. C. Fonseca

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Quantum effects on a Landau-type system associated with a moving atom with a magnetic quadrupole moment subject to confining potentials are analysed. It is shown that the spectrum of energy of the Landau-type system can be modified, where the degeneracy of the energy levels can be broken. In three particular cases, it is shown that the analogue of the cyclotron frequency is modified, and the possible values of this angular frequency of the system are determined by the quantum numbers associated with the radial modes and the angular momentum and by the parameters associated with confining potentials in order that bound states solutions can be achieved.

  10. Two dimensional electron gas confined over a spherical surface: Magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernando, A; Crespo, P [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, UCM-CSIC-ADIF, Las Rozas. P. O. Box 155, Madrid 28230 (Spain) and Dpto. Fisica de Materiales, Universidad Complutense (Spain); Garcia, M A, E-mail: antonio.hernando@adif.es [Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio, CSIC c/Kelsen, 5 Madrid 28049 (Spain)

    2011-04-01

    Magnetism of capped nanoparticles, NPs, of non-magnetic substances as Au and ZnO is briefly reviewed. The source of the magnetization is discussed on the light of recent X-ray magnetic circular dichroism experiments. As magnetic dichroism analysis has pointed out impurity atoms bonded to the surface act as donor or acceptor of electrons that occupy the surface states. It is proposed that mesoscopic collective orbital magnetic moments induced at the surface states can account for the experimental magnetism characteristic of these nanoparticles. The total magnetic moment of the surface originated at the unfilled Fermi level can reach values as large as 10{sup 2} or 10{sup 3} Bohr magnetons.

  11. Neutrino transition magnetic moments and the solar magnetic field on the light of the Kamland evidence

    CERN Document Server

    Antonelli, V; Picariello, M; Pulido, J; Torrente-Lujan, E

    2003-01-01

    We present here a recopilation of recent results about the possibility of detecting solar electron antineutrinos produced by solar core and convective magnetic fields. These antineutrinos are predicted by spin-flavor oscillations at a significant rate even if this mechanism is not the leading solution to the SNP. Using the recent Kamland results and assuming a concrete model for antineutrino production by spin-flavor precession in the convective zone based on chaotic magnetic fields,we obtain bounds on the flux of solar antineutrinos, on the average conversion neutrino-antineutrino probability and on intrinsic neutrino magnetic moment. In the most conservative case, $\\mu\\lsim 2.5\\times 10^{-11} \\mu_B$ (95% CL). When studying the effects of a core magnetic field, we find in the weak limit a scaling of the antineutrino probability with respect to the magnetic field profile in the sense that the same probability function can be reproduced by any profile with a suitable peak field value. In this way the solar ele...

  12. Interaction between magnetic moments and itinerant carriers in d0 ferromagnetic SiC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yu; Yuan, Ye; Liu, Fang; Böttger, Roman; Anwand, Wolfgang; Wang, Yutian; Semisalova, Anna; Ponomaryov, Alexey N.; Lu, Xia; N'Diaye, Alpha T.; Arenholz, Elke; Heera, Viton; Skorupa, Wolfgang; Helm, Manfred; Zhou, Shengqiang

    2017-05-01

    Elucidating the interaction between magnetic moments and itinerant carriers is an important step to spintronic applications. Here, we investigate magnetic and transport properties in d0 ferromagnetic SiC single crystals prepared by postimplantation pulsed laser annealing. Magnetic moments are contributed by the p states of carbon atoms, but their magnetic circular dichroism is different from that in semi-insulating SiC samples. The anomalous Hall effect and negative magnetoresistance indicate the influence of d0 spin order on free carriers. The ferromagnetism is relatively weak in N-implanted SiC compared with that in Al-implanted SiC after annealing. The results suggest that d0 magnetic moments and itinerant carriers can interact with each other, which will facilitate the development of SiC spintronic devices with d0 ferromagnetism.

  13. Extraction of moments of net-particle event-by-event fluctuations in the CBM experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vovchenko, Volodymyr [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Taras Shevchenko University, Kyiv (Ukraine); Kisel, Ivan [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Goethe University, Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Collaboration: CBM-Collaboration

    2016-07-01

    The future CBM experiment at FAIR will employ high intensity beams and large acceptance detectors in order to study the properties of the strongly interacting matter produced in heavy-ion collisions at high baryon densities. The search for the conjectured critical point of QCD is one the important tasks. It is predicted from statistical physics that higher moments of event-by-event fluctuations are very sensitive to the proximity of the critical point. This argument is explicitly demonstrated with the van der Waals equation of state. Thus, it was suggested that higher moments of fluctuations of conserved charges can be used as probes for the critical behavior. The statistical convergence of cumulants of different order is explored. The extraction of scaled variance, skewness, and kurtosis of proton distribution from simulated UrQMD events is performed and the efficiency correction described by binomial distribution is accounted for. The validity of this correction is tested with different modelings of the CBM detector response: from binomial distribution with fluctuating event-by-event efficiency to a full-scale GEANT simulation. The obtained results indicate that a more elaborate efficiency correction is needed in order to accurately reconstruct moments of higher orders.

  14. Magnetic moment jumps in flat and nanopatterned Nb thin-walled cylinders

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tsindlekht, M.I., E-mail: mtsindl@vms.huji.ac.il [The Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Genkin, V.M.; Felner, I.; Zeides, F.; Katz, N. [The Racah Institute of Physics, The Hebrew University of Jerusalem, 91904 Jerusalem (Israel); Gazi, Š.; Chromik, Š. [The Institute of Electrical Engineering SAS, Dúbravská cesta 9, 84104 Bratislava (Slovakia); Dobrovolskiy, O.V. [Physikalisches Institut, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Physics Department, V. Karazin Kharkiv National University, 61077 Kharkiv (Ukraine); Sachser, R.; Huth, M. [Physikalisches Institut, Goethe University, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2017-02-15

    Highlights: • Magnetization curves of as-prepared and patterned thin-walled cylinders were measured in magnetic fields applied parallel to cylinders axis. • Magnetic moment jumps were observed in magnetic fields lower and above Hc1. • Critical current density in isthmus between two antidots is higher than in a film itself. - Abstract: Penetration of magnetic flux into hollow superconducting cylinders is investigated by magnetic moment measurements. The magnetization curves of a flat and a nanopatterned thin-walled superconducting Nb cylinders with a rectangular cross section are reported for the axial field geometry. In the nanopatterned sample, a row of micron-sized antidots (holes) was milled in the film along the cylinder axis. Magnetic moment jumps are observed for both samples at low temperatures for magnetic fields not only above H{sub c1}, but also in fields lower than H{sub c1}, i. e., in the vortex-free regime. The positions of the jumps are not reproducible and they change from one experiment to another, resembling vortex lattice instabilities usually observed for magnetic fields larger than H{sub c1}. At temperatures above 0.66T{sub c} and 0.78T{sub c} the magnetization curves become smooth for the patterned and the as-prepared sample, respectively. The magnetization curve of a reference flat Nb film in the parallel field geometry does not exhibit jumps in the entire range of accessible temperatures.

  15. Upper limits on Titan's magnetic moment and implications for its interior

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, H. Y.; Russell, C. T.; Dougherty, M. K.; Neubauer, F. M.; Ma, Y. J.

    2010-10-01

    Measurements from the Cassini spacecraft reveal a largely magnetized ionosphere of Titan whose low-altitude fields could be from the interior of Titan or from penetrating external fields. We use the Cassini magnetic field measurements obtained during 25 Titan flybys to examine the upper limit of Titan's internal magnetic moment. The radial component of the magnetic field near the Titan surface (from 950 to 1100 km) is used to calculate the permanent dipole moment. The calculated upper limit of the permanent dipole moment is 0.78 nT × RTi3, that is, for the z, y, and x directions (0.46, 0.55, 0.29, respectively) nT × RTi3, with an error of ˜0.5 nT in each component. This value is not significantly different from zero, but it is also a factor of 5 lower than the previous upper limit from Voyager observations. This small (possibly zero) magnetic moment of Titan indicates that the interior of the moon does not support a magnetic dynamo, in agreement with the results of recent gravity study which suggest an incompletely differentiated interior. The induced moment of Titan is examined to test the existence of a subsurface ocean in Titan. The data obtained thus far are not sufficient to provide definitive evidence of the existence and depth of a subsurface ocean. This situation will be improved with the addition of measurements after Saturn's equinox when the external inducing field changes significantly.

  16. Magnetic relaxation and correlating effective magnetic moment with particle size distribution in maghemite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pisane, K.L. [Department of Physics & Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Despeaux, E.C. [Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States); Seehra, M.S., E-mail: mseehra@wvu.edu [Department of Physics & Astronomy, West Virginia University, Morgantown, WV 26506 (United States)

    2015-06-15

    The role of particle size distribution inherently present in magnetic nanoparticles (NPs) is examined in considerable detail in relation to the measured magnetic properties of oleic acid-coated maghemite (γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) NPs. Transmission electron microscopy (TEM) of the sol–gel synthesized γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} NPs showed a log-normal distribution of sizes with average diameter 〈D〉=7.04 nm and standard deviation σ=0.78 nm. Magnetization, M, vs. temperature (2–350 K) of the NPs was measured in an applied magnetic field H up to 90 kOe along with the temperature dependence of the ac susceptibilities, χ′ and χ″, at various frequencies, f{sub m}, from 10 Hz to 10 kHz. From the shift of the blocking temperature from T{sub B}=35 K at 10 Hz to T{sub B}=48 K at 10 kHz, the absence of any significant interparticle interaction is inferred and the relaxation frequency f{sub o}=2.6×10{sup 10} Hz and anisotropy constant K{sub a}=5.48×10{sup 5} erg/cm{sup 3} are determined. For TT{sub B}, the data of M vs. H up to 90 kOe at several temperatures are analyzed two different ways: (i) in terms of the modified Langevin function yielding an average magnetic moment per particle μ{sub p}=7300(500) μ{sub B}; and (ii) in terms of log-normal distribution of moments yielding 〈μ〉=6670 µ{sub B} at 150 K decreasing to 〈μ〉=6100 µ{sub B} at 300 K with standard deviations σ≃〈μ〉/2. It is argued that the above two approaches yield consistent and physically meaningful results as long as the width parameter, s, of the log-normal distribution is less than 0.83. - Highlights: • Magnetic properties of γ-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} nanoparticles, size=7.04(0.78)nm, are reported. • Attempt frequency f{sub o}=2.6×10{sup 10} Hz and no interparticle interactions are inferred. • M vs. H above T{sub B} analyzed using modified Langevin yields µ{sub p}≈7300 µ{sub B} per particle. • M vs. H above T

  17. Large orbital moments and internal magnetic fields in lithium nitridoferrate(I).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klatyk, J; Schnelle, W; Wagner, F R; Niewa, R; Novák, P; Kniep, R; Waldeck, M; Ksenofontov, V; Gütlich, P

    2002-05-20

    The iron nitridometalates Li2[(Li(1-x)Fe(I)(x))N] display ferromagnetic ordering and spin freezing. Large magnetic moments up to 5.0mu(B)/Fe are found in the magnetization. In Mössbauer effect studies huge hyperfine magnetic fields up to 696 kOe are observed at specific Fe sites. These extraordinary fields and moments originate in an unusual ligand field splitting for those Fe species leading [within local spin density approximation (LSDA)] to a localized orbitally degenerate doublet. Including spin-orbit interaction and strong intra-atomic electron correlation (LDA+SO+U) gives rise to a large orbital momentum.

  18. Enhanced orbital magnetic moment in FeCo nanogranules observed by Barnett effect

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogata, Y.; Chudo, H.; Gu, B.; Kobayashi, N.; Ono, M.; Harii, K.; Matsuo, M.; Saitoh, E.; Maekawa, S.

    2017-11-01

    The gyroscopic g factor, g‧ , of FeCo nanogranules embedded in a matrix of MgF2 (FeCo-MgF2) was determined by measuring the magnetic-field generation from a rotating sample due to the Barnett effect. The g‧ value of the FeCo-MgF2 is estimated to be 1.76 ± 0.11. The orbital contribution to the magnetic moment in the FeCo nanogranules was found to be quite large compared with that in bulk FeCo, being consistent with a density-functional-theory calculation that shows that the orbital magnetic moment may increase at the FeCo/MgF2 interfaces. The result suggests that the orbital magnetic moment is enhanced by symmetry breaking at the surface of the FeCo nanogranules.

  19. EM Induction Experiment to Determine the Moment of a Magnet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Najiya Maryam, K. M.

    2014-01-01

    If we drop a magnet through a coil, an emf is induced in the coil according to Faraday's law of electromagnetic induction. Here, such an experiment is done using expEYES kit. The plot of emf versus time has a specific shape with two peaks. A theoretical analysis of this graph is discussed here for both short and long cylindrical magnets.…

  20. The qqqqq¯ components and the magnetic moments of the charmed and the bottomed baryons

    Science.gov (United States)

    An, C. S.

    2007-12-01

    We give the explicit wave functions of the qqqqq¯ components of the C=+1, J=1/2 charmed baryons, Σ, Λ and Ξca, and calculate the magnetic moments by adding the 5q components contributions, and we also compute the magnetic moments of the Σ and Σb∗ baryons. The influence of the additional light and strange qq¯ pairs is investigated. As we know, the constituent quark masses of the charm and beauty quarks are much heavier than that of the light and strange quarks, consequently, the hidden flavor contributions to the baryons magnetic moments may be significant. What is interesting is that the inclusion of the qqqqq¯ components contributions leads to different Λc+, Ξca+ and Ξca0 magnetic moments, all of which are predicted to be the same value 0.38μ on the basis of the classical qqq quark model. And it is shown that the differences of these magnetic moments are independent of the constituent mass of the charm quark.

  1. Spin magnetic moments from single atoms to small Cr clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boeglin, C.; Ohresser, P.; Decker, R.; Bulou, H.; Scheurer, F.; Chado, I.; Dhesi, S. S.; Gaudry, E.; Lazarovits, B.

    2005-07-01

    Morphology studies at the first stages of the growth of Cr/Au(111) are reported and compared to the magnetic properties of the nanostructures. We analyze by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Low Energy Electron Diffraction the Cr clusters growth between 200 K and 300 K. In the early stages of the growth the morphology of the clusters shows monoatomic high islands located at the kinks of the herringbone reconstructed Au(111) surface. By X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism performed on the Cr L2,3 edges it is shown that the temperature dependent morphology strongly influences the magnetic properties of the Cr clusters. We show that in the sub-monolayer regime Cr clusters are antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic when the size reaches the atomic limit.

  2. Spin magnetic moments from single atoms to small Cr clusters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boeglin, C.; Decker, R.; Bulou, H.; Scheurer, F.; Chado, I. [IPCMS-GSI - UMR 7504, 67037 Strasbourg Cedex (France); Ohresser, P. [LURE, 91405 Orsay (France); Dhesi, S.S. [ESRF, BP 220, 38043 Grenoble Cedex (France); Present permanent address: Diamond Light Source, Chilton, Didcot OX11 0QX (United Kingdom); Gaudry, E. [LMCP, 4, place Jussieu, 75252 Paris (France); Lazarovits, B. [CCMS, T.U. Vienna, Gumpendorfstr. 1a, 1060 Wien (Austria)

    2005-07-01

    Morphology studies at the first stages of the growth of Cr/Au(111) are reported and compared to the magnetic properties of the nanostructures. We analyze by Scanning Tunneling Microscopy and Low Energy Electron Diffraction the Cr clusters growth between 200 K and 300 K. In the early stages of the growth the morphology of the clusters shows monoatomic high islands located at the kinks of the herringbone reconstructed Au(111) surface. By X-ray Magnetic Circular Dichroism performed on the Cr L{sub 2,3} edges it is shown that the temperature dependent morphology strongly influences the magnetic properties of the Cr clusters. We show that in the sub-monolayer regime Cr clusters are antiferromagnetic and paramagnetic when the size reaches the atomic limit. (copyright 2005 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim) (orig.)

  3. High Magnetic Moments in Manganese-Doped Silicon Clusters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ngan, V. T.; Janssens, E.; Claes, P.; Lyon, J. T.; Fielicke, A.; Nguyen, M. T.; Lievens, P.

    2012-01-01

    We report on the structural, electronic, and magnetic properties of manganese-doped silicon clusters cations, SinMn+ with n=6–10, 12–14, and 16, using mass spectrometry and infrared spectroscopy in combination with density functional theory computations. This combined experimental and theoretical

  4. Double-layered Aurivillius-type ferroelectrics with magnetic moments

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Missyul, A. B.; Zvereva, I. A.; Palstra, T. T. M.; Kurbakov, A. I.

    We have synthesized the double-layer Aurivillius phase Bi(2)LnNbTiO(9) where Ln = Nd-Gd, Bi. All compounds adopt the orthorhombic polar space group A2(I)am. The magnetic Ln-ion occupies the cuboctahedral position in the middle of the perovskite double-layer, and thus controls the octahedral tilt of

  5. Induced magnetic moment of Eu3+ ions in GaN

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachkanov, V.; Wallace, M. J.; van der Laan, G.; Dhesi, S. S.; Cavill, S. A.; Fujiwara, Y.; O'Donnell, K. P.

    2012-12-01

    Magnetic semiconductors with coupled magnetic and electronic properties are of high technological and fundamental importance. Rare-earth elements can be used to introduce magnetic moments associated with the uncompensated spin of 4f-electrons into the semiconductor hosts. The luminescence produced by rare-earth doped semiconductors also attracts considerable interest due to the possibility of electrical excitation of characteristic sharp emission lines from intra 4f-shell transitions. Recently, electroluminescence of Eu-doped GaN in current-injection mode was demonstrated in p-n junction diode structures grown by organometallic vapour phase epitaxy. Unlike most other trivalent rare-earth ions, Eu3+ ions possess no magnetic moment in the ground state. Here we report the detection of an induced magnetic moment of Eu3+ ions in GaN which is associated with the 7F2 final state of 5D0-->7F2 optical transitions emitting at 622 nm. The prospect of controlling magnetic moments electrically or optically will lead to the development of novel magneto-optic devices.

  6. Induced magnetic moment of Eu(3+) ions in GaN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kachkanov, V; Wallace, M J; van der Laan, G; Dhesi, S S; Cavill, S A; Fujiwara, Y; O'Donnell, K P

    2012-01-01

    Magnetic semiconductors with coupled magnetic and electronic properties are of high technological and fundamental importance. Rare-earth elements can be used to introduce magnetic moments associated with the uncompensated spin of 4f-electrons into the semiconductor hosts. The luminescence produced by rare-earth doped semiconductors also attracts considerable interest due to the possibility of electrical excitation of characteristic sharp emission lines from intra 4f-shell transitions. Recently, electroluminescence of Eu-doped GaN in current-injection mode was demonstrated in p-n junction diode structures grown by organometallic vapour phase epitaxy. Unlike most other trivalent rare-earth ions, Eu(3+) ions possess no magnetic moment in the ground state. Here we report the detection of an induced magnetic moment of Eu(3+) ions in GaN which is associated with the (7)F(2) final state of (5)D(0)→(7)F(2) optical transitions emitting at 622 nm. The prospect of controlling magnetic moments electrically or optically will lead to the development of novel magneto-optic devices.

  7. Towards a high-precision measurement of the antiproton magnetic moment

    CERN Document Server

    Smorra, C.; Franke, K.; Matsuda, Y.; Mooser, A.; Nagahama, H.; Ospelkaus, C.; Quint, W.; Schneider, G.; Van Gorp, S.; Walz, J.; Yamazaki, Y.; Ulmer, S.

    2014-01-01

    The recent observation of single spins flips with a single proton in a Penning trap opens the way to measure the proton magnetic moment with high precision. Based on this success, which has been achieved with our apparatus at the University of Mainz, we demonstrated recently the first application of the so called double Penning-trap method with a single proton. This is a major step towards a measurement of the proton magnetic moment with ppb precision. To apply this method to a single trapped antiproton our collaboration is currently setting up a companion experiment at the antiproton decelerator of CERN. This effort is recognized as the Baryon Antibaryon Symmetry Experiment (BASE). A comparison of both magnetic moment values will provide a stringent test of CPT invariance with baryons.

  8. Magnetic dipole moment of Zb(10610 ) in light-cone QCD

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdem, U.; Azizi, K.

    2018-01-01

    The magnetic dipole moment of the exotic Zb(10610 ) state is calculated within the light cone QCD sum rule method using the diquark-antidiquark and molecule interpolating currents. The magnetic dipole moment is obtained as μZb=1.73 ±0.63 μN in diquark-antidiquark picture and μZb=1.59 ±0.58 μN in the molecular case. The obtained results in both pictures together with the results of other theoretical studies on the spectroscopic parameters of the Zb(10610 ) state may be useful in determination of the nature and quark organization of this state.

  9. Methods for Computing Accurate Atomic Spin Moments for Collinear and Noncollinear Magnetism in Periodic and Nonperiodic Materials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manz, Thomas A; Sholl, David S

    2011-12-13

    The partitioning of electron spin density among atoms in a material gives atomic spin moments (ASMs), which are important for understanding magnetic properties. We compare ASMs computed using different population analysis methods and introduce a method for computing density derived electrostatic and chemical (DDEC) ASMs. Bader and DDEC ASMs can be computed for periodic and nonperiodic materials with either collinear or noncollinear magnetism, while natural population analysis (NPA) ASMs can be computed for nonperiodic materials with collinear magnetism. Our results show Bader, DDEC, and (where applicable) NPA methods give similar ASMs, but different net atomic charges. Because they are optimized to reproduce both the magnetic field and the chemical states of atoms in a material, DDEC ASMs are especially suitable for constructing interaction potentials for atomistic simulations. We describe the computation of accurate ASMs for (a) a variety of systems using collinear and noncollinear spin DFT, (b) highly correlated materials (e.g., magnetite) using DFT+U, and (c) various spin states of ozone using coupled cluster expansions. The computed ASMs are in good agreement with available experimental results for a variety of periodic and nonperiodic materials. Examples considered include the antiferromagnetic metal organic framework Cu3(BTC)2, several ozone spin states, mono- and binuclear transition metal complexes, ferri- and ferro-magnetic solids (e.g., Fe3O4, Fe3Si), and simple molecular systems. We briefly discuss the theory of exchange-correlation functionals for studying noncollinear magnetism. A method for finding the ground state of systems with highly noncollinear magnetism is introduced. We use these methods to study the spin-orbit coupling potential energy surface of the single molecule magnet Fe4C40H52N4O12, which has highly noncollinear magnetism, and find that it contains unusual features that give a new interpretation to experimental data.

  10. Anomalous magnetic moment of an electron in a magnetized plasma of topologically massive two-dimensional electrodynamics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eminov, P. A.

    2017-04-01

    The electron self-energy and anomalous magnetic moment in (2 +1 ) QED with a Chern-Simons term are investigated at finite temperature and density in an external magnetic field. In the limiting case of a relatively weak magnetic field, the exact expression for the vacuum anomalous magnetic moment (AMM) has been found at zero temperature and density of the medium. The energy shift and AMM of an electron are analyzed as a function of the temperature and Chern-Simons parameter in the charge-symmetric case. We obtained the new asymptotic expression for the AMM in the high-temperature region. The electron AMM has been calculated also in the case of a completely degenerate magnetized electron gas.

  11. The Strange Quark Contribution to the Proton's Magnetic Moment

    CERN Document Server

    Spayde, D T; Barkhuff, D; Beck, D H; Beise, E J; Breuer, H; Carr, R; Covrig, S D; Dodson, G; Dow, K; Farkhondeh, M; Filippone, B W; Franklin, W; Hasty, R; Ito, T M; Korsch, W; Kowalski, S; McKeown, R D; Müller, B; Pitt, M L; Ramsey-Musolf, M J; Ritter, J; Tieulent, R; Tsentalovich, E; Wells, S P; Yang, B; Zwart, T

    2004-01-01

    We report a new determination of the strange quark contribution to the proton's magnetic form factor at a four-momentum transfer Q2 = 0.1 (GeV/c)^2 from parity-violating e-p elastic scattering. The result uses a revised analysis of data from the SAMPLE experiment which was carried out at the MIT-Bates Laboratory. The data are combined with a calculation of the proton's axial form factor GAe to determine the strange form factor GMs(Q2=0.1)=0.37 +- 0.20 +- 0.26 +- 0.07. The extrapolation of GMs to its Q2=0 limit and comparison with calculations is also discussed.

  12. Cosmological bounds on neutrino degeneracy and the Dirac neutrino magnetic moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Semikoz, V. B.

    2017-11-01

    The amplification of a seed cosmological magnetic field (CMF) in a hot electroweak plasma of early Universe driven by neutrino degeneracy (asymmetry) is provided by a lower bound on such asymmetries that is in agreement with the known upper (BBN) bound on the electron neutrino asymmetry. Independently of a mechanism for CMF generation one predicts a stringent upper bound on the Dirac neutrino magnetic moment using the lower bound on CMF amplitude found from the Fermi satellite experiment.

  13. Enhanced magnetic moment and structural study of Fe/MgO multilayered films

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koyano, T.; Kuroiwa, Y.; Kita, E.; Saegusa, N.; Ohshima, K.; Tasaki, A.

    1988-11-15

    We have found that Fe atoms in Fe/MgO multilayered films prepared in the UHV condition have a magnetic moment larger than that for bulk ..cap alpha..-Fe. The magnetization of Fe atoms in Fe/MgO (10 A/15 A) film is about 240 emu/g at 4.2 K. The hyperfine field is 350 kOe at 4.2 K, which is also larger than that of bulk ..cap alpha..-Fe.

  14. Magnetic dipole moment of the doubly closed-shell plus one proton nucleus $^{49}$Sc

    CERN Multimedia

    Gaulard, C V; Walters, W; Nishimura, K; Muto, S; Bingham, C R

    It is proposed to measure the magnetic moment of $^{49}$Sc by the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance on Oriented Nuclei (NMR-ON) method using the NICOLE on-line nuclear orientation facility. $^{49}$Sc is the neutron rich, doubly closed-shell, nucleus $^{48}$Ca plus one proton. Results will be used to deduce the effective g-factors in the $^{48}$Ca region with reference to nuclear structure and meson exchange current effects.

  15. Study of rare earth local moment magnetism and strongly correlated phenomena in various crystal structures

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kong, Tai [Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)

    2016-12-17

    Benefiting from unique properties of 4f electrons, rare earth based compounds are known for offering a versatile playground for condensed matter physics research as well as industrial applications. This thesis focuses on three specific examples that further explore the rare earth local moment magnetism and strongly correlated phenomena in various crystal structures.

  16. Nuclear Magnetic Moment of 59Cu with On-line $\\beta$-NMR on Oriented Nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Golovko, V V; Phalet, T; Severijns, N; Delauré, B J; Beck, M; Kozlov, Yu V; Lindroth, A; Versyck, S; Zákoucký, D; Vénos, D; Srnka, D; Honusek, M; Herzog, P; Tramm, C; Köster, U; Towner, I S

    2004-01-01

    The nuclear magnetic moment of the nucleus 59Cu with one proton and two neutrons outside the closed N = Z = 28 shells, was measured in an on-line experiment combining beta-NMR with low temperature nuclear orientation and with particle detectors operating at a temperature of about 10K. From the data the center frequency \

  17. Nuclear magnetic moment of $^{59}$Cu with on-line $\\beta$-NMR on oriented nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Golovko, V V; Phalet, T; Severijns, N; Delauré, B J; Beck, M; Kozlov, V; Lindroth, A; Versyck, S; Zákoucký, D; Srnka, D; Honusek, M; Herzog, P; Köster, U; Tramm, C; Towner, I S

    2004-01-01

    The nuclear magnetic moment of the nucleus $^{59}\\!$Cu, with one proton and two neutrons outside the closed N = Z = 28 shells, was measured in an on-line experiment combining $\\beta$-NMR with low temperature nuclear orientation and with particle detectors operating at a temperature of about 10 K. From the data the center frequency $\

  18. New measurement of the anomalous magnetic moment of the positive muon

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Carey, RM; Earle, W; Efstathiadis, E; Hare, MF; Hazen, ES; Hughes, BJ; Krienen, F; Miller, JP; Monich,; Ouyang, J; Rind, O; Roberts, BL; Sulak, LR; Trofimov, A; Varner, G; Worstell, WA; Benedict, E; Logashenko, I.; Benante, J; Brown, HN; Bunce, G; Cullen, J; Danby, GT; Geller, J; Hseuh, H; Jackson, JW; Jia, L; Kochis, S; Larsen, R; Lee, YY; Mapes, M; Meng, W; Morse, WM; Pai, C; Pearson, C; Polk, T.; Prigl, R; Rankowitz, S; Sandberg, J; Semertzidis, YK; Shutt, R; Snydstrup, L; Soukas, A; Stillman, A; Tallerico, T; Tanaka, M; Toldo, F; von Lintig, D; Warburton, D; Woodle, K; Chertovskikh, A; Druzhinin, VP; Fedotovich, GV; Grigorev, DN; Golubev, VB; Khazin, BI; Maksimov, A; Merzliakov, Y; Ryskulov, N; Serednyakov, S; Shatunov, YM; Solodov, E; Orlov, Y; Winn, D; Grossmann, A; Gerhaeuser, J; Jungmann, K; von Walter, P; zu Putlitz, G; Bunker, B; Deninger, W; Debevec, PT; Hertzog, DW; Jones, TD; Polly, C; Sedykh, S; Urner, D; Haeberlen, U; Endo, K; Hirabayashi, H; Kurokawa, S; Yamamoto, A; Green, MA; Cushman, P; Kindem, J; Duong, L; Giron, S; McNabb, R; Miller, D; Zimmerman, D; Mizumachi, Y; Iwasaki, M; Ahn, HE; Deng, H; Dhawan, SK; Disco, A; Farley, FJM; Fei, Erkang; Grosse-Perdekamp, M; Hughes, VW; Kawall, D; Redin, SI; Steinmetz, A

    1999-01-01

    The muon anomalous magnetic moment has been measured in a new experiment at Brookhaven. Polarized muons were stored in a superferric ring, and the angular frequency difference, omega(a), between the spin precession and orbital frequencies was determined by measuring the time distribution of

  19. Electromagnetic Currents and Magnetic Moments in $\\chi$EFT

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Saori Pastore, Luca Girlanda, Rocco Schiavilla, Michele Viviani, Robert Wiringa

    2009-09-01

    A two-nucleon potential and consistent electromagnetic currents are derived in chiral effective field theory ($\\chi$EFT) at, respectively, $Q^{\\, 2}$ (or N$^2$LO) and $e\\, Q$ (or N$^3$LO), where $Q$ generically denotes the low-momentum scale and $e$ is the electric charge. Dimensional regularization is used to renormalize the pion-loop corrections. A simple expression is derived for the magnetic dipole ($M1$) operator associated with pion loops, consisting of two terms, one of which is determined, uniquely, by the isospin-dependent part of the two-pion-exchange potential. This decomposition is also carried out for the $M1$ operator arising from contact currents, in which the unique term is determined by the contact potential. Finally, the low-energy constants (LEC's) entering the N$^2$LO potential are fixed by fits to the $np$ S- and P-wave phase shifts up to 100 MeV lab energies. Three additional LEC's are needed to completely specify the $M1$ operator at N$^3$L

  20. In-medium covariant propagator of baryons under a strong magnetic field: Effect of the intrinsic magnetic moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguirre, R.M.; Paoli, A.L. de [Universidad Nacional de La Plata, and IFLP, Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias Exactas, La Plata (Argentina)

    2016-11-15

    We obtain the covariant propagator at finite temperature for interacting baryons immersed in a strong magnetic field. The effect of the intrinsic magnetic moments on the Green function are fully taken into account. We make an expansion in terms of eigenfunctions of a Dirac field, which leads us to a compact form of its propagator. We present some simple applications of these propagators, where the statistical averages of nuclear currents and energy density are evaluated. (orig.)

  1. Nuclear spins, magnetic moments and quadrupole moments of Cu isotopes from N = 28 to N = 46: probes for core polarization effects

    CERN Document Server

    Vingerhoets, P; Avgoulea, M; Billowes, J; Bissell, M L; Blaum, K; Brown, B A; Cheal, B; De Rydt, M; Forest, D H; Geppert, Ch; Honma, M; Kowalska, M; Kramer, J; Krieger, A; Mane, E; Neugart, R; Neyens, G; Nortershauser, W; Otsuka, T; Schug, M; Stroke, H H; Tungate, G; Yordanov, D T

    2010-01-01

    Measurements of the ground-state nuclear spins, magnetic and quadrupole moments of the copper isotopes from 61Cu up to 75Cu are reported. The experiments were performed at the ISOLDE facility, using the technique of collinear laser spectroscopy. The trend in the magnetic moments between the N=28 and N=50 shell closures is reasonably reproduced by large-scale shell-model calculations starting from a 56Ni core. The quadrupole moments reveal a strong polarization of the underlying Ni core when the neutron shell is opened, which is however strongly reduced at N=40 due to the parity change between the $pf$ and $g$ orbits. No enhanced core polarization is seen beyond N=40. Deviations between measured and calculated moments are attributed to the softness of the 56Ni core and weakening of the Z=28 and N=28 shell gaps.

  2. Higher moments of net-proton multiplicity distributions in a heavy-ion event pile-up scenario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garg, P.; Mishra, D. K.

    2017-10-01

    High-luminosity modern accelerators, like the Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC) at Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Large Hadron Collider (LHC) at European Organization for Nuclear Research (CERN), inherently have event pile-up scenarios which significantly contribute to physics events as a background. While state-of-the-art tracking algorithms and detector concepts take care of these event pile-up scenarios, several offline analytical techniques are used to remove such events from the physics analysis. It is still difficult to identify the remaining pile-up events in an event sample for physics analysis. Since the fraction of these events is significantly small, it may not be as serious of an issue for other analyses as it would be for an event-by-event analysis. Particularly when the characteristics of the multiplicity distribution are observable, one needs to be very careful. In the present work, we demonstrate how a small fraction of residual pile-up events can change the moments and their ratios of an event-by-event net-proton multiplicity distribution, which are sensitive to the dynamical fluctuations due to the QCD critical point. For this study, we assume that the individual event-by-event proton and antiproton multiplicity distributions follow Poisson, negative binomial, or binomial distributions. We observe a significant effect in cumulants and their ratios of net-proton multiplicity distributions due to pile-up events, particularly at lower energies. It might be crucial to estimate the fraction of pile-up events in the data sample while interpreting the experimental observable for the critical point.

  3. Comparing polynomial and cubic spline interpolation of segment angles for estimating L5/S1 net moment during symmetric lifting tasks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Xu, X.; Chang, C.C.; Faber, G.S.; Kingma, I.; Dennerlein, J.T.

    2010-01-01

    Simple video-based methods previously proposed for field research to estimate L5/S1 net moments during real-world manual materials handling rely on polynomial interpolation on the joint angles from key frames extracted from video recordings; however, polynomial interpolations may not converge as the

  4. Strong impact of lattice vibrations on electronic and magnetic properties of paramagnetic Fe revealed by disordered local moments molecular dynamics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alling, B.; Kormann, F.H.W.; Grabowski, B; Glensk, A; Abrikosov, I.A.

    2016-01-01

    We study the impact of lattice vibrations on magnetic and electronic properties of paramagnetic bcc and fcc iron at finite temperature, employing the disordered local moments molecular dynamics (DLM-MD) method. Vibrations strongly affect the distribution of local magnetic moments at finite

  5. 31P NMR first spectral moment study of the partial magnetic orientation of phospholipid membranes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Picard, F; Paquet, M J; Levesque, J; Bélanger, A; Auger, M

    1999-01-01

    Structural data can be obtained on proteins inserted in magnetically oriented phospholipid membranes such as bicelles, which are most often made of a mixture of long and short chain phosphatidylcholine. Possible shapes for these magnetically oriented membranes have been postulated in the literature, such as discoidal structures with a thickness of one bilayer and with the short acyl chain phosphatidylcholine on the edges. In the present paper, a geometrical study of these oriented structures is done to determine the validity of this model. The method used is based on the determination of the first spectral moment of solid-state (31)P nuclear magnetic resonance spectra. From this first moment, an order parameter is defined that allows a quantitative analysis of partially oriented spectra. The validity of this method is demonstrated in the present study for oriented samples made of DMPC, DMPC:DHPC, DMPC:DHPC:gramicidin A and adriamycin:cardiolipin. PMID:10423434

  6. Field-included noncollinearity of the magnetic moments in Gd sub 2 Co sub 14 B

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohashi, T.; Ono, M.; Date, M. (Department of Physics, Faculty of Science, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, Japan (JP)); Yamagishi, A. (Research Centre for Extreme Materials, Osaka University, Toyonaka, Osaka 560, (Japan)); Zhong, X.P.; Wang, Q.; Yang, F.M.; Radwanski, R.J.; de Boer, F.R. (Natuurkundig Laboratorium, Universiteit van Amsterdam, Valckenierstraat 65, 1018 XE Amsterdam, (The Netherlands))

    1991-04-15

    Magnetization measurements at 4.2 K have been performed on magnetically aligned Gd{sub 2}Co{sub 14}B and Gd{sub 2}(Co,Al){sub 14}B samples in fields up to 57 T, applied parallel to the alignment direction. At high fields, the antiparallel ferrimagnetic configuration is broken up. Values for the intersublattice molecular-field coefficient and for the molecular field acting on the Gd moment, derived by means of mean-field analysis of the observed magnetic isotherms, are presented.

  7. Sea quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment and charge radius at the physical point

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sufian, Raza Sabbir; Yang, Yi-Bo; Liang, Jian; Draper, Terrence; Liu, Keh-Fei; χ QCD Collaboration

    2017-12-01

    We report a comprehensive analysis of the light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment, charge radius, and the electric and magnetic form factors. The lattice QCD calculation includes ensembles across several lattice volumes and lattice spacings with one of the ensembles at the physical pion mass. We adopt a model-independent extrapolation of the nucleon magnetic moment and the charge radius. We have performed a simultaneous chiral, infinite volume, and continuum extrapolation in a global fit to calculate results in the continuum limit. We find that the combined light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment is μM(DI )=-0.022 (11 )(09 ) μN and to the nucleon mean square charge radius is ⟨r2⟩E(DI ) =-0.019 (05 )(05 ) fm2 which is about 1 /3 of the difference between the ⟨rp2⟩E of electron-proton scattering and that of a muonic atom and so cannot be ignored in obtaining the proton charge radius in the lattice QCD calculation. The most important outcome of this lattice QCD calculation is that while the combined light-sea and strange quarks contribution to the nucleon magnetic moment is small at about 1%, a negative 2.5(9)% contribution to the proton mean square charge radius and a relatively larger positive 16.3(6.1)% contribution to the neutron mean square charge radius come from the sea quarks in the nucleon. For the first time, by performing global fits, we also give predictions of the light and strange disconnected-sea quarks contributions to the nucleon electric and magnetic form factors at the physical point and in the continuum and infinite volume limits in the momentum transfer range of 0 ≤Q2≤0.5 GeV2 .

  8. Revisiting magnetism of capped Au and ZnO nanoparticles: Surface band structure and atomic orbital with giant magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hernando, Antonio; Crespo, Patricia [Instituto de Magnetismo Aplicado, UCM-CSIC-ADIF, Las Rozas. P.O. Box 155, 28230 Madrid (Spain); Dept. Fisica de Materiales, Universidad Complutense, Madrid (Spain); Garcia, Miguel Angel [Instituto de Ceramica y Vidrio, CSIC, C/ Kelsen, 5, Madrid 28049 (Spain); Coey, Michael [Trinity College Dublin, Dublin (Ireland); Ayuela, Andres; Echenique, Pedro Miguel [Centro de Fisica de Materiales, CFM-MPC CSIC-UPV/EHU, Donostia International Physics Center (DIPC), 20018 San Sebastian (Spain); Departamento de Fisica de Materiales, Fac. de Quimicas, Universidad del Pais Vasco UPV-EHU, 20018 San Sebastian (Spain)

    2011-10-15

    In this article we review the exotic magnetism of nanoparticles (NPs) formed by substances that are not magnetic in bulk as described with generality in Section 1. In particular, the intrinsic character of the magnetism observed on capped Au and ZnO NPs is analysed. X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) analysis has shown that the magnetic moments are intrinsic and lie in the Au and Zn atoms, respectively, as analysed in Section 2, where the general theoretical ideas are also revisited. Since impurity atoms bonded to the surface act as donor or acceptor of electrons that occupy the surface states, the anomalous magnetic response is analysed in terms of the surface band in Section 3. Finally, Section 4 summarizes our last theoretical proposal. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  9. Ultrasensitive mechanical detection of magnetic moment using a commercial disk drive write head

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tao, Y.; Eichler, A.; Holzherr, T.; Degen, C. L.

    2016-09-01

    Sensitive detection of weak magnetic moments is an essential capability in many areas of nanoscale science and technology, including nanomagnetism, quantum readout of spins and nanoscale magnetic resonance imaging. Here we show that the write head of a commercial hard drive may enable significant advances in nanoscale spin detection. By approaching a sharp diamond tip to within 5 nm from a write pole and measuring the induced diamagnetic moment with a nanomechanical force transducer, we demonstrate a spin sensitivity of 0.032 μB Hz-1/2, equivalent to 21 proton magnetic moments. The high sensitivity is enabled in part by the pole's strong magnetic gradient of up to 28 × 106 T m-1 and in part by the absence of non-contact friction due to the extremely flat writer surface. In addition, we demonstrate quantitative imaging of the pole field with ~10 nm spatial resolution. We foresee diverse applications for write heads in experimental condensed matter physics, especially in spintronics, ultrafast spin manipulation and mesoscopic physics.

  10. Spins and magnetic moments of 58;60;62;64Mn ground states and isomers

    CERN Document Server

    Heylen, H; Billowes, J; Bissell, M L; Blaum, K; Campbell, P; Cheal, B; Ruiz, R F Garcia; Geppert, Ch; Gins, W; Kowalska, M; Kreim, K; Lenzi, S M; Moore, I D; Neugart, R; Neyens, G; Nörtershäuser, W; Papuga, J; Yordanov, D T

    2015-01-01

    The odd-odd 54;56;58;60;62;64Mn isotopes (Z = 25) were studied using bunched-beam collinear laser spectroscopy at ISOLDE, CERN. From the measured hyperfine spectra the spins and magnetic moments of Mn isotopes up to N = 39 were extracted. The previous tentative ground state spin assignments of 58;60;62;64Mn are now firmly determined to be I = 1 along with an I = 4 assignment for the isomeric states in 58;60;62Mn. The I = 1 magnetic moments show a decreasing trend with increasing neutron number while the I = 4 moments remain quite constant between N = 33 and N = 37. The results are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations using the GXPF1A and LNPS effective interactions. The excellent agreement of the ground state moments with the predictions from the LNPS calculations illustrates the need for an increasing amount of proton excitations across Z = 28 and neutron excitations across N = 40 in the ground state wave functions from N = 37 onwards.

  11. Finite-volume effects in the muon anomalous magnetic moment on the lattice

    CERN Document Server

    Aubin, Christopher; Chau, Peter; Golterman, Maarten; Peris, Santiago; Tu, Cheng

    2015-01-01

    We investigate finite-volume effects in the hadronic vacuum polarization, with an eye toward the corresponding systematic error in the muon anomalous magnetic moment. We consider both recent lattice data as well as lowest-order, finite-volume chiral perturbation theory, in order to get a quantitative understanding. Even though leading-order chiral perturbation theory does not provide a good description of the hadronic vacuum polarization, it turns out that it gives a reasonably good representation of finite-volume effects. We find that finite-volume effects cannot be ignored when the aim is a few percent level accuracy for the leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment, even when using ensembles with $m_\\pi L> 4$ and $m_\\pi \\sim 200$ MeV.

  12. Three types magnetic moment distribution of nonlinear excitations in a Heisenberg helimagnet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Qi, Jian-Wen [School of Physics, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China); Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics Frontiers, Xi' an 710069 (China); Li, Zai-Dong [Department of Applied Physics, Hebei University of Technology, Tianjin 300401 (China); Yang, Zhan-Ying, E-mail: zyyang@nwu.edu.cn [School of Physics, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China); Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics Frontiers, Xi' an 710069 (China); Yang, Wen-Li [Shaanxi Key Laboratory for Theoretical Physics Frontiers, Xi' an 710069 (China); Institute of Modern Physics, Northwest University, Xi' an 710069 (China)

    2017-06-15

    Highlights: • Three different types of soliton excitations under the spin-wave background are demonstrated in spin chain system. • The magnetic moment distributions corresponding to these solitons are characterized in detail. • The formation mechanisms of those excitations are explained by the magnon density distribution. - Abstract: We study the nonlinear spin dynamics of an anisotropic Heisenberg helimagnet in a fourth-order integrable nonlinear Schrödinger equation. We demonstrate that there are three types of nonlinear spin excitations on a spin-wave background in the Heisenberg helimagnet, notably including anti-dark soliton, W-shaped soliton, and multi-peak soliton. The magnetic moment distribution that corresponds to each of these are characterized in detail. Additionally, the formation mechanism is clarified by the magnon density distribution.

  13. Quantitative Evaluation of the Total Magnetic Moments of Colloidal Magnetic Nanoparticles: A Kinetics-based Method.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Haiyi; Sun, Jianfei; Wang, Haoyao; Wang, Peng; Song, Lina; Li, Yang; Chen, Bo; Zhang, Yu; Gu, Ning

    2015-06-08

    A kinetics-based method is proposed to quantitatively characterize the collective magnetization of colloidal magnetic nanoparticles. The method is based on the relationship between the magnetic force on a colloidal droplet and the movement of the droplet under a gradient magnetic field. Through computational analysis of the kinetic parameters, such as displacement, velocity, and acceleration, the magnetization of colloidal magnetic nanoparticles can be calculated. In our experiments, the values measured by using our method exhibited a better linear correlation with magnetothermal heating, than those obtained by using a vibrating sample magnetometer and magnetic balance. This finding indicates that this method may be more suitable to evaluate the collective magnetism of colloidal magnetic nanoparticles under low magnetic fields than the commonly used methods. Accurate evaluation of the magnetic properties of colloidal nanoparticles is of great importance for the standardization of magnetic nanomaterials and for their practical application in biomedicine. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.

  14. A parts-per-billion measurement of the antiproton magnetic moment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smorra, C; Sellner, S; Borchert, M J; Harrington, J A; Higuchi, T; Nagahama, H; Tanaka, T; Mooser, A; Schneider, G; Bohman, M; Blaum, K; Matsuda, Y; Ospelkaus, C; Quint, W; Walz, J; Yamazaki, Y; Ulmer, S

    2017-10-18

    Precise comparisons of the fundamental properties of matter-antimatter conjugates provide sensitive tests of charge-parity-time (CPT) invariance, which is an important symmetry that rests on basic assumptions of the standard model of particle physics. Experiments on mesons, leptons and baryons have compared different properties of matter-antimatter conjugates with fractional uncertainties at the parts-per-billion level or better. One specific quantity, however, has so far only been known to a fractional uncertainty at the parts-per-million level: the magnetic moment of the antiproton, . The extraordinary difficulty in measuring with high precision is caused by its intrinsic smallness; for example, it is 660 times smaller than the magnetic moment of the positron. Here we report a high-precision measurement of in units of the nuclear magneton μN with a fractional precision of 1.5 parts per billion (68% confidence level). We use a two-particle spectroscopy method in an advanced cryogenic multi-Penning trap system. Our result  = -2.7928473441(42)μN (where the number in parentheses represents the 68% confidence interval on the last digits of the value) improves the precision of the previous best measurement by a factor of approximately 350. The measured value is consistent with the proton magnetic moment, μp = 2.792847350(9)μN, and is in agreement with CPT invariance. Consequently, this measurement constrains the magnitude of certain CPT-violating effects to below 1.8 × 10-24 gigaelectronvolts, and a possible splitting of the proton-antiproton magnetic moments by CPT-odd dimension-five interactions to below 6 × 10-12 Bohr magnetons.

  15. Vacuum polarization in the model of Dirac fermions with anomalous magnetic moment interacting with background axial-vector condensate and magnetic field

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bubnov A.F.

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we consider vacuum polarization effects in the model of charged fermions with anomalous magnetic moment and axial-vector interaction term in a uniform magnetic field. Nontrivial orrections to the effective Lagrangian from the anomalous moment and axial-vector term are calculated with account for various configurations of parameters of the model.

  16. LaCoO3 (LCO) - Dramatic changes in Magnetic Moment in fields to 500T

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Y.; Harmon, B. N.

    LCO has attracted great attention over the years (>2000 publications) because of its unusual magnetic properties; although in its ground state at low temperatures it is non-magnetic. A recent experiment[1] in pulsed fields to 500T showed a moment of ~1.3μB above 140T, and above ~270T the magnetization rises, reaching ~3.8μB by 500T. We have performed first principles DFT calculations for LCO in high fields. Our earlier calculations[2] explained the importance of a small rhombohedral distortion in the ground state that leads to a suppression of the 1.3μB moment for fields below ~140T. By allowing fairly large atomic displacements in high fields, moments of ~4μB are predicted. This work was supported by the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Basic Energy Sciences, Materials Science and Engineering Division under Contract No. DE-AC02-07CH11358.

  17. Search For Non-zero Neutrino Magnetic Moments Using Super-kamiokande-i Solar Neutrino Data

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, D

    2005-01-01

    Non-zero neutrino magnetic moments would mean new physics beyond the standard model. Therefore a search for a nonzero neutrino magnetic moment has been conducted using the high statistic 1496 live day solar neutrino data from Super-Kamiokande-I. The search looked for distortions to the energy spectrum of recoil electrons from ν-e elastic scattering. A nonzero neutrino magnetic moment would cause an increase of event rates at lower energies. In the absence of clear signal, we found μν ≤ 3.6 × 10−10 μB at 90% C.L. by fitting to the Super-Kamiokande (Super-K) day/night energy spectra. The fitting took into account the effect of neutrino oscillations on the shape of energy spectra. With the results from other neutrino experiments constraining the oscillation parameter region, a limit of μν ≤ 1.1 × 10 −10 μB at 90% C.L. was obtained.

  18. Strange Quark Magnetic Moment of the Nucleon at the Physical Point.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sufian, Raza Sabbir; Yang, Yi-Bo; Alexandru, Andrei; Draper, Terrence; Liang, Jian; Liu, Keh-Fei

    2017-01-27

    We report a lattice QCD calculation of the strange quark contribution to the nucleon's magnetic moment and charge radius. This analysis presents the first direct determination of strange electromagnetic form factors including at the physical pion mass. We perform a model-independent extraction of the strange magnetic moment and the strange charge radius from the electromagnetic form factors in the momentum transfer range of 0.051  GeV^{2}≲Q^{2}≲1.31  GeV^{2}. The finite lattice spacing and finite volume corrections are included in a global fit with 24 valence quark masses on four lattices with different lattice spacings, different volumes, and four sea quark masses including one at the physical pion mass. We obtain the strange magnetic moment G_{M}^{s}(0)=-0.064(14)(09)μ_{N}. The four-sigma precision in statistics is achieved partly due to low-mode averaging of the quark loop and low-mode substitution to improve the statistics of the nucleon propagator. We also obtain the strange charge radius ⟨r_{s}^{2}⟩_{E}=-0.0043(16)(14)  fm^{2}.

  19. Variational approach to magnetic dipole core polarization: applications to moments and transitions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lipparini, E.; Stringari, S.; Richter, A.

    1985-10-10

    A variational approach to magnetic dipole core polarization is discussed which goes beyond the usual perturbative treatment and takes the coupling between the collective magnetic dipole state and single particle states into account. Using various spin-dependent effective interactions simple expressions for corrections to the g-factors of the free nucleons are derived. The effect of the coupling of the collective M1 state in UYCa, ZZr and SYPb to single particle M1 moments and transitions in the neighbouring A=48+-1, 90+-1 and 208+-1 nuclei, respectively, is pointed out. (orig.).

  20. Magnetic dipole moments of High-K isomeric states in Hf isotopes

    CERN Multimedia

    Walters, W; Nishimura, K; Bingham, C R

    2007-01-01

    It is proposed to make precision measurements of the magnetic moments of 5 multi-quasi-particle K-isomers in Hf nuclei by the Nuclear Magnetic Resonance of Oriented Nuclei (NMR/ON) technique using the NICOLE on-line nuclear orientation facility and exploiting the unique HfF$_{3}$ beams recently available at ISOLDE. Results will be used to extract single-particle and collective g-factors of the isomeric states and their excitations and to shed new light on their structure.

  1. Insignificance of the anomalous magnetic moment of charged fermions for the equation of state of a magnetized and dense medium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferrer, E. J.; de la Incera, V.; Paret, D. Manreza; Martínez, A. Pérez; Sanchez, A.

    2015-04-01

    We investigate the effects of the anomalous magnetic moment (AMM) in the equation of state (EOS) of a system of charged fermions at finite density in the presence of a magnetic field. In the region of strong magnetic fields (e B >m2 ), the AMM is found from the one-loop fermion self-energy. In contrast to the weak-field AMM found by Schwinger, in the strong magnetic field region the AMM depends on the Landau level and decreases with it. The effects of the AMM in the EOS of a dense medium are investigated at strong and weak fields using the appropriate AMM expression for each case. In contrast with what has been reported in other works, we find that the AMM of charged fermions makes no significant contribution to the EOS at any field value.

  2. Bimodal distribution of the magnetic dipole moment in nanoparticles with a monomodal distribution of the physical size

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Rijssel, Jozef; Kuipers, Bonny W M; Erne, Ben

    2015-01-01

    High-frequency applications of magnetic nanoparticles, such as therapeutic hyperthermia and magnetic particle imaging, are sensitive to nanoparticle size and dipole moment. Usually, it is assumed that magnetic nanoparticles with a log-normal distribution of the physical size also have a log-normal

  3. Magnetic moment measurements of gyroscopically stabilized graphene nanoplatelets levitated in an ion trap

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coppock, Joyce; Nagornykh, Pavel; Murphy, Jacob; Kane, Bruce

    Measurement of small magnetic effects in 2D materials can be facilitated by decoupling the material from its substrate using particle trapping techniques. We investigate the mechanical and magnetic properties of a rotating micron-scale graphene nanoplatelet levitated in a quadrupole electric field trap in high vacuum. Its motion is observed optically, via the scattering of a low-power laser beam. Illumination by a circularly polarized laser causes the nanoplatelet to rotate at frequencies of 10-40 MHz. Frequency locking to an applied RF electric field stabilizes the nanoplatelet so that its axis of rotation is normal to its surface. We find that residual slow dynamics of the axis orientation are determined by an applied magnetic field. From frequency- and field-dependent measurements, we observe one magnetic moment arising from the rapid rotation of the charged nanoplatelet and one originating from diamagnetism, and we estimate their magnitudes. We determine a gyromagnetic ratio corresponding to the rotational moment and discuss our measurements of diamagnetism in the context of theories of the properties of graphene. Our measurements imply a torque sensitivity of better than 10-23 N-m.

  4. Magnetic and quadrupole moments of neutron deficient $^{58-62}$Cu isotopes

    CERN Document Server

    Flanagan, K T; Blaum, K; Forest, D H; Stroke, H H; Kramer, J; Kreim, K; De Rydt, M; Geppert, C; Sanchez, R; Honma, M; Krieger, A; Papuga, J; Billowes, J; Vingerhoets, P; Nortershauser, W; Bissell, M L; Neyens, G; Rajabali, M M; Yordanov, D T; Cheal, B; Neugart, R; Procter, T J

    2011-01-01

    This paper reports on the ground state nuclear moments measured in (58-62)Cu using collinear laser spectroscopy at the ISOLDE facility. The quadrupole moments for (58-60)Cu have been measured for the first time as Q ((58)Cu) = 15(3) efm(2), Q ((59)Cu) = -19.3(19) efm(2), Q((60)Cu) = +11.6(12) efm(2) and with higher precision for (61.62)Cu as Q ((61)Cu) = -21.1(10) efm(2), Q((62)Cu) = -2.2(4) efm(2). The magnetic moments of (58.59)Cu are measured with a higher precision as(IL)((58)Cu) = +0.570(2)(ILN) and (IL)((59)Cu) = +1.8910(9)(ILN). The experimental nuclear moments are compared to large-scale shell-model calculations with the GXPF1 and GXPF1A effective interactions, allowing the softness of the (56)Ni core to be studied. (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V.

  5. Spin, quadrupole moment, and deformation of the magnetic-rotational band head in (193)Pb

    CERN Document Server

    Balabanski, D L; Iordachescu, A; Bazzacco, D; Brandolini, F; Bucurescu, D; Chmel, S; Danchev, M; De Poli, M; Georgiev, G; Haas, H; Hubel, H; Marginean, N; Menegazzo, R; Neyens, G; Pavan, P; Rossi Alvarez, C; Ur, C A; Vyvey, K; Frauendorf, S

    2011-01-01

    The spectroscopic quadrupole moment of the T(1/2) = 9.4(5) ns isomer in (193)Pb at an excitation energy E(ex) = (2585 + x) keV is measured by the time-differential perturbed angular distribution method as vertical bar Q(s)vertical bar = 2.6(3) e b. Spin and parity I(pi) = 27/2(-) are assigned to it based on angular distribution measurements. This state is the band head of a magnetic-rotational band, described by the coupling of a neutron hole in the 1i(13/2) subshell with the (3s(1/2)(-2)1h(9/2)1i(13/2))(11-) proton excitation. The pairing-plus-quadrupole tilted-axis cranking calculations reproduce the measured quadrupole moment with a moderate oblate deformation epsilon(2) = -0.11, similar to that of the 11(-)proton intruder states, which occur in the even-even Pb nuclei in the region. This is the first direct measurement of a quadrupole moment and thus of the deformation of a magnetic-rotational band head.

  6. Itinerancy-enhanced quantum fluctuation of magnetic moments in iron-based superconductors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tam, Yu-Ting; Yao, Dao-Xin; Ku, Wei

    2015-09-11

    We investigate the influence of itinerant carriers on the dynamics and fluctuation of local moments in Fe-based superconductors, via linear spin-wave analysis of a spin-fermion model containing both itinerant and local degrees of freedom. Surprisingly, against the common lore, instead of enhancing the (π,0) order, itinerant carriers with well-nested Fermi surfaces are found to induce a significant amount of spatial and temporal quantum fluctuation that leads to the observed small ordered moment. Interestingly, the underlying mechanism is shown to be an intrapocket nesting-associated long-range coupling rather than the previously believed ferromagnetic double-exchange effect. This challenges the validity of ferromagnetically compensated first-neighbor coupling reported from short-range fitting to the experimental dispersion, which turns out to result instead from the ferro-orbital order that is also found instrumental in stabilizing the magnetic order.

  7. The muon anomalous magnetic moment in the reduced minimal 3-3-1 model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kelso, Chris; Pinheiro, P. R. D.; Queiroz, Farinaldo S.; Shepherd, William

    2014-03-01

    We study the muon anomalous magnetic moment in the context of the reduced minimal 3-3-1 model recently proposed in the literature. In particular, its spectrum contains a doubly charged scalar () and gauge boson (), new singly charged vectors () and a boson, each of which might give a sizeable contribution to the . We compute the 1-loop contributions from all these new particles to the . We conclude that the doubly charged vector boson provides the dominant contribution, and by comparing our results with the experimental constraints we derive an expected value for the scale of symmetry breaking TeV. We also note that, if the discrepancy in the anomalous moment is resolved in the future without this model then the constraints will tighten to requiring TeV with current precision, and they will entirely rule out the model if the expected precision is achieved by the future experiment at Fermilab.

  8. Tilted-foil polarisation and magnetic moments of mirror nuclei at ISOLDE

    CERN Multimedia

    Bordeanu, C; Thundiyamkulathu Baby, L; Lindroos, M

    2002-01-01

    We report here on the first measurement in an experimental program initiated at the ISOLDE facility at CERN for the measurement of magnetic moments of short-lived radionuclides. The 60~keV ISOLDE beam from the GPS separator is boosted in energy by a 200~kV high-voltage platform, on which the whole experiment is mounted, in order to achieve sufficiently high energy for transmission through the foils of a tilted-foil setup. The 520~keV $^{23}$Mg(2$^+$) nuclei are polarized by the tilted foil technique and the resulting 0$^o$ - 180$^o$ $\\beta$- asymmetry is monitored as a function of the frequency of an rf-applied perturbing magnetic field in an NMR setup.\\\\ In this experiment, earlier asymmetry measurements were confirmed and an NMR resonance was observed, corresponding to a preliminary value of the magnetic moment of 0.533(6) n.m., in agreement with a previous measurement. The measured asymmetry as function of NMR frequency and the fitted resonance curve are presented in the figure. During the e...

  9. Mind the Gap on IceCube: Cosmic neutrino spectrum and muon anomalous magnetic moment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araki, T.; Kaneko, F.; Konishi, Y.; Ota, T.; Sato, J.; Shimomura, T.

    2017-09-01

    The high energy cosmic neutrino spectrum reported by the IceCube collaboration shows a gap in the energy range between 500 TeV and 1 PeV. In this presentation, we illustrate that the IceCube gap is reproduced by the neutrino interaction mediated by the new gauge boson associated with a certain combination of the lepton avour number. The gauge interaction also explains the other long-standing gap in the lepton phenomenology: the gap between theory and experiment in the muon anomalous magnetic moment.

  10. Calculation of the hadronic vacuum polarization disconnected contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment

    CERN Document Server

    Blum, T.; Izubuchi, T.; Jin, L.; Jüttner, A.; Lehner, C.; Maltman, K.; Marinkovic, M.; Portelli, A.; Spraggs, M.

    2016-01-01

    We report the first lattice QCD calculation of the hadronic vacuum polarization disconnected contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment at physical pion mass. The calculation uses a refined noise-reduction technique which enabled the control of statistical uncertainties at the desired level with modest computational effort. Measurements were performed on the $48^3 \\times 96$ physical-pion-mass lattice generated by the RBC and UKQCD collaborations. We find $a_\\mu^{\\rm HVP~(LO)~DISC} = -9.6(3.3)(2.3)\\times 10^{-10}$, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

  11. Calculation of the Hadronic Vacuum Polarization Disconnected Contribution to the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blum, T; Boyle, P A; Izubuchi, T; Jin, L; Jüttner, A; Lehner, C; Maltman, K; Marinkovic, M; Portelli, A; Spraggs, M

    2016-06-10

    We report the first lattice QCD calculation of the hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) disconnected contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment at physical pion mass. The calculation uses a refined noise-reduction technique that enables the control of statistical uncertainties at the desired level with modest computational effort. Measurements were performed on the 48^{3}×96 physical-pion-mass lattice generated by the RBC and UKQCD Collaborations. We find the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarization a_{μ}^{HVP(LO)disc}=-9.6(3.3)(2.3)×10^{-10}, where the first error is statistical and the second systematic.

  12. Lattice calculation of the HVP contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of muon

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, Bipasha; de Oliveira, Pedro Gonçalves; Koponen, Jonna; Lepage, G Peter

    2015-01-01

    We report our (HPQCD) progress on the calculation of the Hadronic Vacuum Polarisation contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of muon. In this article we discuss the calculations for the light (up/down) quark connected contribution using our method described in Phys.Rev. D89(2014) 11, 114501 and give an estimate for the disconnected contribution. Our calculation has been carried out on MILC Collaboration's $n_f = 2+1+1$ HISQ ensembles at multiple values of the lattice spacing, multiple volumes and multiple light sea quark masses (including physical pion mass configurations).

  13. Vacuum birefringence, the photon anomalous magnetic moment and the neutron star RX J1856.5-3754

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valluri, S. R.; Mielniczuk, J. W.; Chishtie, F.; Lamm, D.; Auddy, S.

    2017-12-01

    We analyse the spectrum of the Hamiltonian of a photon propagating in a strong magnetic field B ∼ Bcr, where B_cr= m^2/e ˜eq 4.4 × 10^{13} G is the Schwinger critical field. We show that the anomalous magnetic moment of a photon in the one-loop approximation is a non-decreasing function of the magnetic field B in the range 0 ≤ B ≤ 30 Bcr. We provide a numerical representation of the expression for the anomalous magnetic moment in terms of special functions. We find that the anomalous magnetic moment μγ of a photon for B = 30 Bcr is 8/3 of the anomalous magnetic moment of a photon for B = 1/2Bcr. Based on the recent observational evidence for vacuum birefringence from the neutron star RX J1856.5-3764 by Mignani et al., we suggest vacuum birefringence, the anomalous magnetic moment of the photon and the Faraday rotation angle as key observables for future experiments and measurements.

  14. Directed magnetic field induced assembly of high magnetic moment cobalt nanowires

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Srivastava, Akhilesh Kumar; Madhavi, S.; Ramanujan, R.V.

    2010-01-01

    A directed magnetic field induced assembly technique was employed to align two phase (h.c.p. + f.c.c.) cobalt nanoparticles in a mechanically robust long wire morphology. Co nanoparticles with an average size of 4.3 nm and saturation magnetization comparable to bulk cobalt were synthesized by bor...

  15. Anomalous properties of a large magnetic moment in a fourfold potential

    CERN Document Server

    Vernier, N

    2003-01-01

    An experimental study of magnetic moments placed in a fourfold potential is presented here. The system used is a monocrystal of LiY sub 0 sub . sub 9 sub 9 Dy sub 0 sub . sub 0 sub 1 F sub 4 , where the only magnetic ions are the Dy sup 3 sup + ions. From static magnetic susceptibility measurements, it is shown that the Dy sup 3 sup + ion has an easy magnetization plane, with an additional anisotropy in the easy plane. Low frequency electron paramagnetic resonance experiments are presented here and up to nine resonance lines have been found. Some of them are in agreement with known properties of the Dy sup 3 sup + ion in LiY sub 0 sub . sub 9 sub 9 Dy sub 0 sub . sub 0 sub 1 F sub 4 , but others cannot be explained within the framework of the commonly used effective Hamiltonian. The behaviour of these new lines is consistent with a magnetic tunnelling effect. Finally, spin echoes have been observed, allowing the determination of the relaxation time T sub 2 and the coupling coefficient for several orientations...

  16. The swimming polarity of multicellular magnetotactic prokaryotes can change during an isolation process employing magnets: evidence of a relation between swimming polarity and magnetic moment intensity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Melo, Roger Duarte; Acosta-Avalos, Daniel

    2017-09-01

    Magnetotactic microorganisms are characterized by swimming in the direction of an applied magnetic field. In nature, two types of swimming polarity have been observed: north-seeking microorganisms that swim in the same direction as the magnetic field, and south-seeking microorganisms that swim in the opposite direction. The present work studies the reversal in the swimming polarity of the multicellular magnetotactic prokaryote Candidatus Magnetoglobus multicellularis following an isolation process using high magnetic fields from magnets. The proportion of north- and south-seeking organisms was counted as a function of the magnetic field intensity used during the isolation of the organisms from sediment. It was observed that the proportion of north-seeking organisms increased when the magnetic field was increased. The magnetic moment for north- and south-seeking populations was estimated using the U-turn method. The average magnetic moment was higher for north- than south-seeking organisms. The results suggest that the reversal of swimming polarity must occur during the isolation process in the presence of high magnetic fields and magnetic field gradients. It is shown for the first time that the swimming polarity reversal depends on the magnetic moment intensity of multicellular magnetotactic prokaryotes, and new studies must be undertaken to understand the role of magnetic moment polarity and oxygen gradients in determination of swimming polarity.

  17. Comparison of multi-fluid moment models with particle-in-cell simulations of collisionless magnetic reconnection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Liang, E-mail: liang.wang@unh.edu; Germaschewski, K. [Space Science Center and Physics Department, University of New Hampshire, Durham, New Hampshire 03824 (United States); Hakim, Ammar H.; Bhattacharjee, A. [Center for Heliophysics, Princeton Plasma Physics Laboratory, Princeton, New Jersey 08543-0451 (United States)

    2015-01-15

    We introduce an extensible multi-fluid moment model in the context of collisionless magnetic reconnection. This model evolves full Maxwell equations and simultaneously moments of the Vlasov-Maxwell equation for each species in the plasma. Effects like electron inertia and pressure gradient are self-consistently embedded in the resulting multi-fluid moment equations, without the need to explicitly solving a generalized Ohm's law. Two limits of the multi-fluid moment model are discussed, namely, the five-moment limit that evolves a scalar pressures for each species and the ten-moment limit that evolves the full anisotropic, non-gyrotropic pressure tensor for each species. We first demonstrate analytically and numerically that the five-moment model reduces to the widely used Hall magnetohydrodynamics (Hall MHD) model under the assumptions of vanishing electron inertia, infinite speed of light, and quasi-neutrality. Then, we compare ten-moment and fully kinetic particle-in-cell (PIC) simulations of a large scale Harris sheet reconnection problem, where the ten-moment equations are closed with a local linear collisionless approximation for the heat flux. The ten-moment simulation gives reasonable agreement with the PIC results regarding the structures and magnitudes of the electron flows, the polarities and magnitudes of elements of the electron pressure tensor, and the decomposition of the generalized Ohm's law. Possible ways to improve the simple local closure towards a nonlocal fully three-dimensional closure are also discussed.

  18. Directed magnetic field induced assembly of high magnetic moment cobalt nanowires

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Srivastava, A.K. [Nanyang Technological University, School of Materials Science and Engineering, 639798 (Singapore); Technical University of Denmark, Fuel Cells and Solid State Chemistry Division, Risoe National Laboratory, Roskilde (Denmark); Madhavi, S.; Ramanujan, R.V. [Nanyang Technological University, School of Materials Science and Engineering, 639798 (Singapore)

    2010-03-15

    A directed magnetic field induced assembly technique was employed to align two phase (h.c.p.+f.c.c.) cobalt nanoparticles in a mechanically robust long wire morphology. Co nanoparticles with an average size of 4.3 nm and saturation magnetization comparable to bulk cobalt were synthesized by borohydride reduction followed by size selection and magnetic field induced assembly. The coercivity of these nanowires was higher than their nanoparticle counterpart due to shape anisotropy. The experimental coercivity values of the nanowires were lower than the predictions of the coherent rotation, fanning and curling models of coercivity due to the preponderance of superparamagnetic particles with zero coercivity. (orig.)

  19. A parts-per-billion measurement of the antiproton magnetic moment

    CERN Document Server

    Smorra, C; Borchert, M J; Harrington, J A; Higuchi, T; Nagahama, H; Tanaka, T; Mooser, A; Schneider, G; Blaum, K; Matsuda, Y; Ospelkaus, C; Quint, W; Walz, J; Yamazaki, Y; Ulmer, S

    2016-01-01

    Precise comparisons of the fundamental properties of matter–antimatter conjugates provide sensitive tests of charge–parity–time (CPT) invariance1, which is an important symmetry that rests on basic assumptions of the standard model of particle physics. Experiments on mesons2, leptons3, 4 and baryons5, 6 have compared different properties of matter–antimatter conjugates with fractional uncertainties at the parts-per-billion level or better. One specific quantity, however, has so far only been known to a fractional uncertainty at the parts-per-million level7, 8: the magnetic moment of the antiproton, . The extraordinary difficulty in measuring with high precision is caused by its intrinsic smallness; for example, it is 660 times smaller than the magnetic moment of the positron3. Here we report a high-precision measurement of in units of the nuclear magneton μN with a fractional precision of 1.5 parts per billion (68% confidence level). We use a two-particle spectroscopy method in an advanced cryogenic ...

  20. Electron magnetic moment from geonium spectra: Early experiments and background concepts

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Dyck, Robert S., Jr.; Schwinberg, Paul B.; Dehmelt, Hans G.

    1986-08-01

    The magnetic moment of a free electron has been measured by observing both its low-energy spin and cyclotron resonances (at νs=ωs/2π and νc=ωc/2π, respectively) by means of a sensitive frequency-shift technique. Using radiation and tuned-circuit damping of a single electron, isolated in a special anharmonicity-compensated Penning trap, also cooled to 4 K, the electron's motion is brought nearly to rest, thus preparing it in a cold quasipermanent state of the geonium ``atom.'' The magnetic-coupling scheme, described as a continuous Stern-Gerlach effect, is made possible through a weak Lawrence magnetic bottle which causes the very narrow axial resonance, at νz=ωz/2π for the harmonically bound electron, to change in frequency by a small fixed amount δ per unit change in magnetic quantum number. Spin flips are indirectly induced by a scheme which weakly drives the axial motion at the νa=ωa/2π spin-cyclotron difference frequency within the inhomogeneous magnetic field, thus yielding a measure of ωa≡ωs-ωc. The magnetic moment μs in terms of the Bohr magneton μB equals (1/2) the spin's g factor, which in turn is described by ωs and ωc: g=2μs/μB=2ωs/ωc. In a Penning trap, however, these resonance frequencies are obtained from the observed cyclotron frequency at ω'c=ωc-δe and the observed anomaly frequency at ω'a=ωs-ω'c, which are related by the small electric shift δe computed using the measured axial frequency and 2δeω'c=ωz 2. This last expression, derived for a perfectly axially symmetric trap, happens to be practically invariant against small imperfections in the electric quadrupole field (error in ωcbottle-determined line shapes are analyzed and found to have sharp low-frequency edge features which correspond to the electron being temporarily at the trap center and at the bottom of the magnetic well. Relativistic shifts are considered and found to be <10-11. Our result at the time of submission, g/2=1.001 159 652 200 (40), is the

  1. Enhanced magnetic moment at the interfaces in Fe{sub 81}Ni{sub 19}/Co superlattices

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Soroka, I.L. E-mail: Inna.Soroka@fysik.uu.se; Brucas, R.; Stanciu, V.; Nordblad, P.; Hjoervarsson, B

    2004-06-01

    The structure and magnetic properties of BCC (0 0 1) oriented Fe{sub 81}Ni{sub 19}/Co superlattices grown on MgO(0 0 1) substrates by magnetron sputtering are presented. The variation of magnetic moment with the composition and with the interface density was investigated. A model in which the magnetic moment per atom at the interfaces is different from that in the interior region is used for the analysis. The extension of the interface region is determined to be about 3.5 monolayers and the magnetic moment in this region is found to be enhanced by about 0.3 {mu}{sub B}/atom, compared to the interior regions. The superlattices form a BCC-like structure with a slight orthorhombic distortion, which gives rise to a weak in-plane uniaxial anisotropy.

  2. Magnetic spin moment reduction in photoexcited ferromagnets through exchange interaction quenching: beyond the rigid band approximation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, G. P.; Si, M. S.; Bai, Y. H.; George, Thomas F.

    2015-05-01

    The exchange interaction among electrons is one of the most fundamental quantum mechanical interactions in nature and underlies any magnetic phenomena from ferromagnetic ordering to magnetic storage. The current technology is built upon a thermal or magnetic field, but a frontier is emerging to directly control magnetism using ultrashort laser pulses. However, little is known about the fate of the exchange interaction. Here we report unambiguously that photoexcitation is capable of quenching the exchange interaction in all three 3d ferromagnetic metals. The entire process starts with a small number of photoexcited electrons which build up a new and self-destructive potential that collapses the system into a new state with a reduced exchange splitting. The spin moment reduction follows a Bloch-like law as M_z(Δ E)=M_z(0)(1-Δ E}/{Δ E_0})\\frac{1{β} , where ΔE is the absorbed photon energy and β is a scaling exponent. A good agreement is found between the experimental and our theoretical results. Our findings may have a broader implication for dynamic electron correlation effects in laser-excited iron-based superconductors, iron borate, rare-earth orthoferrites, hematites and rare-earth transition metal alloys.

  3. Anomalous magnetic and weak magnetic dipole moments of the τ lepton in the simplest little Higgs model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arroyo-Urena, M.A.; Tavares-Velasco, G. [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Puebla, PUE (Mexico); Hernandez-Tome, G. [Benemerita Universidad Autonoma de Puebla, Facultad de Ciencias Fisico-Matematicas, Puebla, PUE (Mexico); Centro de Investigacion y de Estudios Avanzados del Instituto Politecnico Nacional, Departamento de Fisica, Mexico City (Mexico)

    2017-04-15

    We obtain analytical expressions, both in terms of parametric integrals and Passarino-Veltman scalar functions, for the one-loop contributions to the anomalous weak magnetic dipole moment (AWMDM) of a charged lepton in the framework of the simplest little Higgs model (SLHM). Our results are general and can be useful to compute the weak properties of a charged lepton in other extensions of the standard model (SM). As a by-product we obtain generic contributions to the anomalous magnetic dipole moment (AMDM), which agree with previous results. We then study numerically the potential contributions from this model to the τ lepton AMDM and AWMDM for values of the parameter space consistent with current experimental data. It is found that they depend mainly on the energy scale f at which the global symmetry is broken and the t{sub β} parameter, whereas there is little sensitivity to a mild change in the values of other parameters of the model. While the τ AMDM is of the order of 10{sup -9}, the real (imaginary) part of its AWMDM is of the order of 10{sup -9} (10{sup -10}). These values seem to be out of the reach of the expected experimental sensitivity of future experiments. (orig.)

  4. Fen (n =1-6) clusters chemisorbed on vacancy defects in graphene: Stability, spin-dipole moment, and magnetic anisotropy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haldar, Soumyajyoti; Pujari, Bhalchandra S.; Bhandary, Sumanta; Cossu, Fabrizio; Eriksson, Olle; Kanhere, Dilip G.; Sanyal, Biplab

    2014-05-01

    In this work, we have studied the chemical and magnetic interactions of Fen (n =1-6) clusters with vacancy defects (monovacancy to correlated vacancies with six missing C atoms) in a graphene sheet by ab initio density functional calculations combined with Hubbard U corrections for correlated Fe-d electrons. It is found that the vacancy formation energies are lowered in the presence of Fe, indicating an easier destruction of the graphene sheet. Due to strong chemical interactions between Fe clusters and vacancies, a complex distribution of magnetic moments appear on the distorted Fe clusters which results in reduced averaged magnetic moments compared to the free clusters. In addition to that, we have calculated spin-dipole moments and magnetic anisotropy energies. The calculated spin-dipole moments arising from anisotropic spin density distributions vary between positive and negative values, yielding increased or decreased effective moments. Depending on the cluster geometry, the easy axis of magnetization of the Fe clusters shows in-plane or out-of-plane behavior.

  5. Fen (n=1–6) clusters chemisorbed on vacancy defects in graphene: Stability, spin-dipole moment, and magnetic anisotropy

    KAUST Repository

    Haldar, Soumyajyoti

    2014-05-09

    In this work, we have studied the chemical and magnetic interactions of Fen (n=1–6) clusters with vacancy defects (monovacancy to correlated vacancies with six missing C atoms) in a graphene sheet by ab initio density functional calculations combined with Hubbard U corrections for correlated Fe-d electrons. It is found that the vacancy formation energies are lowered in the presence of Fe, indicating an easier destruction of the graphene sheet. Due to strong chemical interactions between Fe clusters and vacancies, a complex distribution of magnetic moments appear on the distorted Fe clusters which results in reduced averaged magnetic moments compared to the free clusters. In addition to that, we have calculated spin-dipole moments and magnetic anisotropy energies. The calculated spin-dipole moments arising from anisotropic spin density distributions vary between positive and negative values, yielding increased or decreased effective moments. Depending on the cluster geometry, the easy axis of magnetization of the Fe clusters shows in-plane or out-of-plane behavior.

  6. Magnetic moment of solar plasma and the Kelvin force: -The driving force of plasma up-flow -

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shibasaki, Kiyoto

    2017-04-01

    Thermal plasma in the solar atmosphere is magnetized (diamagnetic). The magnetic moment does not disappear by collisions because complete gyration is not a necessary condition to have magnetic moment. Magnetized fluid is subjected to Kelvin force in non-uniform magnetic field. Generally, magnetic field strength decreases upwards in the solar atmosphere, hence the Kelvin force is directed upwards along the field. This force is not included in the fluid treatment of MHD. By adding the Kelvin force to the MHD equation of motion, we can expect temperature dependent plasma flows along the field which are reported by many observations. The temperature dependence of the flow speed is explained by temperature dependence of magnetic moment. From the observed parameters, we can infer physical parameters in the solar atmosphere such as scale length of the magnetic field strength and the friction force acting on the flowing plasma. In case of closed magnetic field lines, loop-top concentration of hot plasma is expected which is frequently observed.

  7. A comparison of methods to measure the magnetic moment of magnetotactic bacteria through analysis of their trajectories in external magnetic fields.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nadkarni, Rohan; Barkley, Solomon; Fradin, Cécile

    2013-01-01

    Magnetotactic bacteria possess organelles called magnetosomes that confer a magnetic moment on the cells, resulting in their partial alignment with external magnetic fields. Here we show that analysis of the trajectories of cells exposed to an external magnetic field can be used to measure the average magnetic dipole moment of a cell population in at least five different ways. We apply this analysis to movies of Magnetospirillum magneticum AMB-1 cells, and compare the values of the magnetic moment obtained in this way to that obtained by direct measurements of magnetosome dimension from electron micrographs. We find that methods relying on the viscous relaxation of the cell orientation give results comparable to that obtained by magnetosome measurements, whereas methods relying on statistical mechanics assumptions give systematically lower values of the magnetic moment. Since the observed distribution of magnetic moments in the population is not sufficient to explain this discrepancy, our results suggest that non-thermal random noise is present in the system, implying that a magnetotactic bacterial population should not be considered as similar to a paramagnetic material.

  8. Relativistic energy correction of the hydrogen atom with an anomalous magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambogo, David Otieno

    2015-07-15

    The electron is known to possess an anomalous magnetic moment, which interacts with the gradient of the electric field. This makes it necessary to compute its effects on the energy spectrum. Even though the Coulomb Dirac equation can be solved in closed form, this is no longer possible when the anomalous magnetic moment is included. In fact the interaction due to this term is so strong that it changes the domain of the Hamiltonian. From a differential equation point of view, the anomalous magnetic moment term is strongly singular near the origin. As usual, one has to resort to perturbation theory. This, however, only makes sense if the eigenvalues are stable. To prove stability is therefore a challenge one has to face before actually computing the energy shifts. The first stability results in this line were shown by Behncke for angular momenta κ≥3, because the eigenfunctions of the unperturbed Hamiltonian decay fast enough near the origin. He achieved this by decoupling the system and then using the techniques available for second order differential equations. Later, Kalf and Schmidt extended Behncke's results basing their analysis on the Pruefer angle technique and a comparison result for first order differential equations. The Pruefer angle method is particularly useful because it shows a better stability and because it obeys a first order differential equation. Nonetheless, Kalf and Schmidt had to exclude some coupling constants for κ>0. This I believe is an artefact of their method. In this study, I make increasing use of asymptotic integration, a method which is rather well adapted to perturbation theory and is known to give stability results to any level of accuracy. Together with the Pruefer angle technique, this lead to a more general stability result and even allows for an energy shifts estimate. Hamiltonians traditionally treated in physics to describe the spin-orbit effect are not self adjoint i.e. they are not proper observables in quantum

  9. New measurement and reevaluation of the nuclear magnetic and quadrupole moments of $^{8}$Li and $^{9}$Li

    CERN Document Server

    Borremans, D; Gheysen, S; Himpe, P; Mallion, S; Neyens, G; Vermeulen, N; Yordanov, D; Blaum, K; Geithner, W; Kowalska, M; Lassen, J; Neugart, R; Lievens, P

    2005-01-01

    The nuclear magnetic moment of $^{9}$Li and the quadrupole moments of $^{8}$Li and $^{9}$Li have been measured using $\\beta$-asymmetry detection of nuclear magnetic resonance ($\\beta$-NMR) on optically polarized beams at ISOLDE/CERN. The radioactive beams were implanted in Si for g factor measurements and in Zn, LiNbO$_{3}$, and LiTaO$_{3}$ crystals for quadrupole moment measurements. The electric field gradient V$_{zz}$ = 4.26(4) $\\times$10$^{15}$ V/cm$^{2}$ is deduced for Li in Zn. Using a recently adopted reference value Q($^{7}$Li) = -40.0(3) mb, we reevaluated all earlier reported nuclear quadrupole moments of $^{8}$Li and $^{9}$Li. Based on all available previous and present data, the adopted quadrupole moments for these isotopes are Q($^{8}$Li) = +31.4(2) mb and Q($^{9}$Li) = - 30.6(2) mb. The magnetic moment of $^{9}$Li is deduced as $\\mu(^{9}$Li) = 3.43678(6)$\\mu\\scriptstyle_\\textrm{N}$ . The values are compared to predictions from shell-model and cluster-model calculations.

  10. Covariant Spectator Theory of np scattering: Deuteron magnetic moment and form factors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gross, Franz L. [JLAB

    2014-06-01

    The deuteron magnetic moment is calculated using two model wave functions obtained from 2007 high precision fits to $np$ scattering data. Included in the calculation are a new class of isoscalar $np$ interaction currents which are automatically generated by the nuclear force model used in these fits. After normalizing the wave functions, nearly identical predictions are obtained: model WJC-1, with larger relativistic P-state components, gives 0.863(2), while model WJC-2 with very small $P$-state components gives 0.864(2) These are about 1\\% larger than the measured value of the moment, 0.857 n.m., giving a new prediction for the size of the $\\rho\\pi\\gamma$ exchange, and other purely transverse interaction currents that are largely unconstrained by the nuclear dynamics. The physical significance of these results is discussed, and general formulae for the deuteron form factors, expressed in terms of deuteron wave functions and a new class of interaction current wave functions, are given.

  11. The muon anomalous magnetic moment in the reduced minimal 3-3-1 model

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kelso, Chris [University of Utah, Department of Physics and Astronomy, Salt Lake City, UT (United States); Pinheiro, P.R.D. [Grupo de Fisica Teoorica Jayme Tiomno, Sao Luis, Maranhao (Brazil); Queiroz, Farinaldo S.; Shepherd, William [University of California, Department of Physics, Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, Santa Cruz, CA (United States)

    2014-03-15

    We study the muon anomalous magnetic moment (g - 2){sub μ} in the context of the reduced minimal 3-3-1 model recently proposed in the literature. In particular, its spectrum contains a doubly charged scalar (H{sup ±±}) and gauge boson (U{sup ±±}), new singly charged vectors (V{sup ±}) and a Z' boson, each of which might give a sizeable contribution to the (g - 2){sub μ}. We compute the 1-loop contributions from all these new particles to the (g - 2){sub μ}. We conclude that the doubly charged vector boson provides the dominant contribution, and by comparing our results with the experimental constraints we derive an expected value for the scale of SU(3){sub L} x U(1){sub N} symmetry breaking υ{sub χ} ∝ 2 TeV. We also note that, if the discrepancy in the anomalous moment is resolved in the future without this model then the constraints will tighten to requiring υ{sub χ} >or similar 3.7 TeV with current precision, and they will entirely rule out the model if the expected precision is achieved by the future experiment at Fermilab. (orig.)

  12. Collapse of magnetic moment drives the Mott transition in MnO.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kunes, Jan; Lukoyanov, Alexey V; Anisimov, Vladimir I; Scalettar, Richard T; Pickett, Warren E

    2008-03-01

    The metal-insulator transition in correlated electron systems, where electron states transform from itinerant to localized, has been one of the central themes of condensed-matter physics for more than half a century. The persistence of this question has been a consequence both of the intricacy of the fundamental issues and the growing recognition of the complexities that arise in real materials, when strong repulsive interactions play the primary role. The initial concept of Mott was based on the relative importance of kinetic hopping (measured by the bandwidth) and onsite repulsion of electrons. Real materials, however, have many further degrees of freedom that, as is recently attracting note, give rise to a rich variety of scenarios for a 'Mott transition'. Here, we report results for the classic correlated insulator MnO that reproduce a simultaneous moment collapse, volume collapse and metallization transition near the observed pressure, and identify the mechanism as collapse of the magnetic moment due to an increase of crystal-field splitting, rather than to variation in the bandwidth.

  13. Magnetic moment and plasma environment of HD 209458b as determined from Ly$\\alpha$ observations

    CERN Document Server

    Kislyakova, K G; Lammer, H; Odert, P; Khodachenko, M L

    2014-01-01

    Transit observations of HD 209458b in the stellar Lyman-$\\alpha$ (Ly$\\alpha$) line revealed strong absorption in both blue and red wings of the line interpreted as hydrogen atoms escaping from the planet's exosphere at high velocities. The following sources for the absorption were suggested: acceleration by the stellar radiation pressure, natural spectral line broadening, charge exchange with stellar wind. We reproduce the observation by means of modelling that includes all aforementioned processes. Our results support a stellar wind with a velocity of $\\approx400$ km$\\times$s$^{-1}$ at the time of the observation and a planetary magnetic moment of $\\approx 1.6 \\times 10^{26}$ A$\\times$m$^2$.

  14. Confronting spectral functions from ee annihilation and tau decays: consequences for the muon magnetic moment

    CERN Document Server

    Davier, M; Zhang, Z; Eidelman, S

    2003-01-01

    Vacuum polarization integrals involve the vector spectral functions which can be experimentally determined from two sources: (i) e sup + e sup - annihilation cross sections and (ii) hadronic tau decays. Recently results with comparable precision have become available from CMD-2 on one side, and ALEPH, CLEO and OPAL on the other. The comparison of the respective spectral functions involves a correction from isospin-breaking effects, which is evaluated. After the correction it is found that the dominant pi pi spectral functions do not agree within experimental and theoretical uncertainties. Some disagreement is also found for the 4 pi spectral functions. The consequences of these discrepancies for vacuum polarization calculations are presented, with the emphasis on the muon anomalous magnetic moment. The work includes a complete re-evaluation of all exclusive cross sections, taking into account the most recent data that became available in particular from the Novosibirsk experiments and applying corrections for...

  15. Four-Flavour Leading Hadronic Contribution To The Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment

    CERN Document Server

    Burger, Florian; Hotzel, Grit; Jansen, Karl; Petschlies, Marcus; Renner, Dru B

    2013-01-01

    We present a four-flavour lattice calculation of the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, $a_{\\mu}^{\\rm hvp}$, arising from quark-connected Feynman graphs. It is based on ensembles featuring $N_f=2+1+1$ dynamical twisted mass fermions generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration (ETMC). Several light quark masses are used in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We employ three lattice spacings to examine lattice artefacts and several different volumes to check for finite-size effects. Including the complete first two generations of quarks allows for a direct comparison with phenomenological determinations of $a_{\\mu}^{\\rm hvp}$. Our final result involving an estimate of the systematic uncertainty $$a_{\\mathrm{\\mu}}^{\\rm hvp} = 6.74(21)(18) \\cdot 10^{-8}$$ shows a good overall agreement with these computations.

  16. Four-flavour leading-order hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Florian [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Physik,Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Feng, Xu [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK),Tsukuba 305-0801 (Japan); Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt-Universität zu Berlin, Institut für Physik,Newtonstr. 15, D-12489 Berlin (Germany); Jansen, Karl [NIC, DESY,Platanenallee 6, D-15738 Zeuthen (Germany); Department of Physics, University of Cyprus,P.O.Box 20537, 1678 Nicosia (Cyprus); Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute,P.O.Box 27456, 1645 Nicosia (Cyprus); Renner, Dru B. [Jefferson Lab,12000 Jefferson Avenue, Newport News, VA 23606 (United States); Collaboration: The ETM Collaboration

    2014-02-24

    We present a four-flavour lattice calculation of the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a{sub μ}{sup hvp}, arising from quark-connected Feynman graphs. It is based on ensembles featuring N{sub f}=2+1+1 dynamical twisted mass fermions generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration (ETMC). Several light quark masses are used in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We employ three lattice spacings to examine lattice artefacts and several different volumes to check for finite-size effects. Incorporating the complete first two generations of quarks allows for a direct comparison with phenomenological determinations of a{sub μ}{sup hvp}. Our final result including an estimate of the systematic uncertainty a{sub μ}{sup hvp}=6.74(21)(18)⋅10{sup −8} shows a good overall agreement with these computations.

  17. Four-flavour leading hadronic contribution to the muon anomalous magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Florian; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Feng, Xu [KEK National High Energy Physics, Tsukuba (Japan); Jansen, Karl [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Cyprus Univ. Nicosia (Cyprus). Dept. of Physics; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia (Cyprus); Renner, Dru B. [Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2013-11-15

    We present a four-flavour lattice calculation of the leading-order hadronic vacuum polarisation contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a{sup hvp}{sub {mu}}, arising from quark-connected Feynman graphs. It is based on ensembles featuring N{sub f}=2+1+1 dynamical twisted mass fermions generated by the European Twisted Mass Collaboration (ETMC). Several light quark masses are used in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We employ three lattice spacings to examine lattice artefacts and several different volumes to check for finite-size effects. Including the complete first two generations of quarks allows for a direct comparison with phenomenological determinations of a{sup hvp}{sub {mu}}. Our final result involving an estimate of the systematic uncertainty a{sup hvp}{sub {mu}}=6.74(21)(18) x 10{sup -8} shows a good overall agreement with these computations.

  18. Phonon coupling effects in magnetic moments of magic and semimagic nuclei

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saperstein, E. E.; Achakovskiy, O. I.; Kamerdzhiev, S. P.; Krewald, S.; Speth, J.; Tolokonnikov, S. V.

    2014-08-01

    Phonon coupling (PC) corrections to magnetic moments of odd neighbors of magic and semimagic nuclei are analyzed within the self-consistent Theory of Finite Fermi Systems (TFFS) based on the Energy Density Functional by S. A. Fayans et al. The perturbation theory in g {/L 2} is used where g L is the phonon-particle coupling vertex. A model is developed with separating non-regular PC contributions, the rest is supposed to be regular and included into the standard TFFS parameters. An ansatz is proposed to take into account the so-called tadpole term which ensures the total angular momentum conservation with g {/L 2} accuracy. An approximate method is suggested to take into account higher-order terms in g {/L 2}. Calculations are carried out for four odd-proton chains, the odd Tl, Bi, In, and Sb ones. Different PC corrections strongly cancel each other. In the result, the total PC correction to the magnetic moment in magic nuclei is, as a rule, negligible. In non-magic nuclei considered it is noticeable and, with only one exception, negative. On average it is of the order of -(0.1-0.5) µ N and improves the agreement of the theory with the data. Simultaneously we calculated the gyromagnetic ratios g {/L ph} of all low-lying phonons in 208Pb. For the 3{1/-} state it is rather close to the Bohr-Mottelson model prediction whereas for other L phonons, two 5- and six positive parity states, the difference from the Bohr-Mottelson values is significant.

  19. X-Ray Magnetic Dichroism of Antiferromagnet Fe2O3 : The Orientation of Magnetic Moments Observed by Fe 2p X-Ray Absorption Spectroscopy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Pieter; Searle, Barry G.; Rudolf, Petra; Tjeng, L.H.; Chen, C.T.

    1993-01-01

    We report strong magnetic linear dichroism at the Fe L2,3 edge of the antiferromagnet Fe2O3 (hematite). The relative difference in absorption for light polarized parallel and perpendicular to the magnetic moment is as high as 40% at the Fe L2 edge. The spectra are in excellent agreement with

  20. Characteristics of the iron moment in Dy-Fe and Dy-FeCo amorphous alloys studied by X-ray magnetic circular dichroism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fleury-Frenette, K.; Dhesi, S.S.; Laan, G. van der; Strivay, D.; Weber, G.; Delwiche, J. E-mail: jdelwiche@ulg.ac.be

    2000-10-01

    The local magnetic moment of Fe in Dy-Fe and Dy-FeCo amorphous alloys has been studied using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). The Fe orbital and spin magnetic moments have been obtained for a range of alloy compositions by applying the sum rules to the XMCD spectra. The room temperature variations of the average components of the Fe moments as a function of Dy concentration and with the substitution of Fe by Co have been determined. A sharp reversal of the total magnetic moment was found at 28{+-}1 at% Dy for both alloys.

  1. Synthesis of high magnetic moment soft magnetic nanocomposite powders for RF filters and antennas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chinnasamy, Chins; Malallah, Yaaqoub; Jasinski, Melania M.; Daryoush, Afshin S.

    2015-04-01

    Fe60Co40 alloy nanoparticles with an average particle size of 30 nm were successfully synthesized in gram scale batches using the modified polyol process. The X-ray diffraction and microstructure studies clearly show the formation of the alloy nanoparticles. The saturation magnetization for the gram scale synthesized Fe60Co40 alloy nanoparticles is in the range of 190-205 emu/g at room temperature. The as-synthesized nanoparticles were used to fabricate transmission lines on FR4 substrate to perform radio frequency (RF) characterization of the nanoparticles at ISM RF bands of interest (all in GHz range). The complex permeability extraction of composite Fe60Co40 nanoparticles were performed using perturbation technique applied to microstrip transmission lines by relative measurement of full two port scattering parameter with respect to a baseline FR4 substrate. The extracted results show attractive characteristics for small size antennas and filters.

  2. Structural, magnetic, and electronic properties of high moment FeCo nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zehani, K., E-mail: zehani@icmpe.cnrs.fr [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Bez, R. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); LMOP, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia); Boutahar, A. [LPMMAT, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ain Chock, B.P.5366 Maârif, Route d’El Jadida, km-8, Casablanca (Morocco); Hlil, E.K. [Institut Néel, CNRS et Université Joseph Fourier, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble Cedex 9 (France); Lassri, H. [LPMMAT, Université Hassan II, Faculté des Sciences Ain Chock, B.P.5366 Maârif, Route d’El Jadida, km-8, Casablanca (Morocco); Moscovici, J. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France); Mliki, N. [LMOP, Faculté des Sciences de Tunis, Université de Tunis El Manar, 2092 Tunis (Tunisia); Bessais, L. [CMTR, ICMPE, UMR7182, CNRS – Université Paris Est Créteil, 2-8 rue Henri Dunant, F-94320 Thiais (France)

    2014-04-05

    projected density of state functions, as well as the magnetic moment for different atoms in Fe{sub 55}Co{sub 45} alloys and cobalt ferrite.

  3. Performance Testing of a Magnetically Suspended Double Gimbal Control Moment Gyro Based on the Single Axis Air Bearing Table

    OpenAIRE

    Jiancheng Fang; Ning Yan; Huijuan Zhang; Peiling Cui

    2012-01-01

    Integrating the advantage of magnetic bearings with a double gimble control moment gyroscope (DGCMG), a magnetically suspended DGCMG (MSDGCMG) is an ideal actuator in high-precision, long life, and rapid maneuver attitude control systems. The work presented here mainly focuses on performance testing of a MSDGCMG independently developed by Beihang University, based on the single axis air bearing table. In this paper, taking into sufficient consideration to the moving-gimbal effects and the res...

  4. Manifestations of the vector anomaly in covariant and light-front calculations of the anomalous magnetic moment of W-+/- bosons

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bakker, B.L.G.; Ji, C.R.

    2005-01-01

    In the calculation of the anomalous magnetic moment of W± bosons, we discuss vector anomalies occurring in the fermion loop that spoil the predictive power of the theory. While the previous analyses were limited to using essentially the manifestly covariant dimensional regulation method, we extend

  5. Lorentz-covariant coordinate-space representation of the leading hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, Harvey B. [Mainz Univ., PRISMA Cluster of Excellence, Inst. fuer Kernphysik und Helmholtz Institut Mainz (Germany)

    2017-09-15

    We present a Lorentz-covariant, Euclidean coordinate-space expression for the hadronic vacuum polarisation, the Adler function and the leading hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon. The representation offers a high degree of flexibility for an implementation in lattice QCD. We expect it to be particularly helpful for the quark-line disconnected contributions. (orig.)

  6. Unveiling magnetic interactions of ruthenium trichloride via constraining direction of orbital moments: Potential routes to realize a quantum spin liquid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hou, Y. S.; Xiang, H. J.; Gong, X. G.

    2017-08-01

    Recent experiments reveal that the honeycomb ruthenium trichloride α -RuC l3 is a prime candidate of the Kitaev quantum spin liquid (QSL). However, there is no theoretical model which can properly describe its experimental dynamical response due to the lack of a full understanding of its magnetic interactions. Here, we propose a general scheme to calculate the magnetic interactions in systems (e.g., α -RuC l3 ) with nonnegligible orbital moments by constraining the directions of orbital moments. With this scheme, we put forward a minimal J1-K1-Γ1-J3-K3 model for α -RuC l3 and find that: (I) The third nearest neighbor (NN) antiferromagnetic Heisenberg interaction J3 stabilizes the zigzag antiferromagnetic order; (II) The NN symmetric off-diagonal exchange Γ1 plays a pivotal role in determining the preferred direction of magnetic moments and generating the spin wave gap. An exact diagonalization study on this model shows that the Kitaev QSL can be realized by suppressing the NN symmetric off-diagonal exchange Γ1 and the third NN Heisenberg interaction J3. Thus, we not only propose a powerful general scheme for investigating the intriguing magnetism of Jeff=1 /2 magnets, but also point out future directions for realizing the Kitaev QSL in the honeycomb ruthenium trichloride α -RuC l3 .

  7. Spin-flavor oscillations of ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos in interstellar space: The role of neutrino magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurashvili, Podist; Kouzakov, Konstantin A.; Chotorlishvili, Levan; Studenikin, Alexander I.

    2017-11-01

    A theoretical analysis of possible influence of neutrino magnetic moments on the propagation of ultrahigh-energy cosmic neutrinos in the interstellar space is carried out under the assumption of two-neutrino mixing. The exact solution of the effective equation for neutrino evolution in the presence of a magnetic field and matter is obtained, which accounts for four neutrino species corresponding to two different flavor states with positive and negative helicities. Using most stringent astrophysical bounds on the putative neutrino magnetic moment, probabilities of neutrino flavor and spin oscillations are calculated on the basis of the obtained exact solution. Specific patterns of spin-flavor oscillations are determined for neutrino-energy values characteristic of, respectively, the cosmogenic neutrinos, the Greisen-Zatsepin-Kuz'min (GZK) cutoff, and well above the cutoff.

  8. Higgs mass and muon anomalous magnetic moment in the MSSM with gauge-gravity hybrid mediation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Bin; Ding, Ran; Li, Tianjun

    2017-08-01

    In general, we can propose the hybrid supersymmetry breakings and hybrid mediations in the supersymmetric standard models. In this paper, we study the hybrid mediation for supersymmetry (SUSY) breaking. In particular, we study how to keep the good properties of gravity mediation, gauge mediation, and anomaly mediation, while solving their problems simultaneously. As an example, we consider the gauge-gravity mediation, where all the supersymmetric particles (sparticles) obtain the SUSY breaking soft terms from the traditional gravity mediation while gauge mediation gives dominant contributions to the soft terms in the colored sector due to the splitted messengers. Thus, we can realize the electroweak supersymmetry naturally where the sleptons, sneutrinos, and electroweakinos are light within one TeV while the squarks and gluino are heavy around a few TeVs. Then we can explain 125 GeV Higgs mass, satisfy the LHC SUSY search bounds, and explain the anomalous magnetic moment of muon, etc. Moreover, the gluino and squarks are well beyond the current LHC run II searches.

  9. Effect of particle-core-vibration coupling near the double closed $^{132}$Sn nucleus from precise magnetic moment measurements

    CERN Multimedia

    Postma, H; Heyde, K; Walker, P; Grant, I; Veskovic, M; Stone, N; Stone, J

    2002-01-01

    % IS301 \\\\ \\\\ Low temperature nuclear orientation of isotope-separator implanted short-lived radio-isotopes makes possible the measurements of nuclear magnetic dipole moments of oriented ground and excited states with half-lives longer than a few seconds. Coupling schemes characterizing the odd nucleons and ground-state deformations can be extracted from the nuclear moments. \\\\ We thus propose to measure the magnetic dipole moments of $^{127-133}$Sb to high precision using NMR/ON at the NICOLE facility. With (double magic +1) $^{133}$Sb as the reference, the main aim of this experiment is to examine whether the collective component in the 7/2$^+$ Sb ground state magnetic dipole moment varies as expected according to particle-core coupling calculations carried out for the Sb (Z=51) isotopes. Comparison of the 1-proton-particle excitations in Sb to 1-proton-hole states in In nuclei will shed light on differences between particle and hole excitations as understood within the present model. Comparison of ...

  10. Measurement of a false electric dipole moment signal from $^{199}$Hg atoms exposed to an inhomogeneous magnetic field

    CERN Document Server

    Afach, S; Ban, G; Bison, G; Bodek, K; Chowdhuri, Z; Daum, M; Fertl, M; Franke, B; Geltenbort, P; Green, K; van der Grinten, M G D; Grujic, Z; Harris, P G; Heil, W; Hélaine, V; Henneck, R; Horras, M; Iaydjiev, P; Ivanov, S N; Kasprzak, M; Kermaïdic, Y; Kirch, K; Knowles, P; Koch, H -C; Komposch, S; Kozela, A; Krempel, J; Lauss, B; Lefort, T; Lemière, Y; Mtchedlishvili, A; Naviliat-Cuncic, O; Pendlebury, J M; Piegsa, F M; Pignol, G; Prashant, P N; Quéméner, G; Rebreyend, D; Ries, D; Roccia, S; Schmidt-Wellenburg, P; Severijns, N; Weis, A; Wursten, E; Wyszynski, G; Zejma, J; Zenner, J; Zsigmond, G

    2015-01-01

    We report on the measurement of a Larmor frequency shift proportional to the electric-field strength for $^{199}{\\rm Hg}$ atoms contained in a volume permeated with aligned magnetic and electric fields. This shift arises from the interplay between the inevitable magnetic field gradients and the motional magnetic field. The proportionality to electric-field strength makes it apparently similar to an electric dipole moment (EDM) signal, although unlike an EDM this effect is P- and T-conserving. We have used a neutron magnetic resonance EDM spectrometer, featuring a mercury co-magnetometer and an array of external cesium magnetometers, to measure the shift as a function of the applied magnetic field gradient. Our results are in good agreement with theoretical expectations.

  11. Discrete Symmetries on the Light Front and a General Relation connecting Nucleon Electric Dipole and Anomalous Magnetic Moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodsky, Stanley J.; /SLAC; Gardner, Susan; /Kentucky U.; Hwang, Dae Sung; /Sejong U.

    2006-01-11

    We consider the electric dipole form factor, F{sub 3}(q{sup 2}), as well as the Dirac and Pauli form factors, F{sub 1}(q{sup 2}) and F{sub 2}(q{sup 2}), of the nucleon in the light-front formalism. We derive an exact formula for F{sub 3}(q{sup 2}) to complement those known for F{sub 1}(q{sup 2}) and F{sub 2}(q{sup 2}). We derive the light-front representation of the discrete symmetry transformations and show that time-reversal- and parity-odd effects are captured by phases in the light-front wave functions. We thus determine that the contributions to F{sub 2}(q{sup 2}) and F{sub 3}(q{sup 2}), Fock-state by Fock-state, are related, independent of the fundamental mechanism through which CP violation is generated. Our relation is not specific to the nucleon, but, rather, is true of spin-1/2 systems in general, be they lepton or baryon. The empirical values of the anomalous magnetic moments, in concert with empirical bounds on the associated electric dipole moments, can better constrain theories of CP violation. In particular, we find that the neutron and proton electric dipole moments echo the isospin structure of the anomalous magnetic moments, {kappa}{sup n} {approx} -{kappa}{sup p}.

  12. Z =50 core stability in 110Sn from magnetic-moment and lifetime measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumbartzki, G. J.; Benczer-Koller, N.; Speidel, K.-H.; Torres, D. A.; Allmond, J. M.; Fallon, P.; Abramovic, I.; Bernstein, L. A.; Bevins, J. E.; Crawford, H. L.; Guevara, Z. E.; Gürdal, G.; Hurst, A. M.; Kirsch, L.; Laplace, T. A.; Lo, A.; Matthews, E. F.; Mayers, I.; Phair, L. W.; Ramirez, F.; Robinson, S. J. Q.; Sharon, Y. Y.; Wiens, A.

    2016-04-01

    Background: The structure of the semimagic 50Sn isotopes were previously studied via measurements of B (E 2 ;21+→01+ ) and g factors of 21+ states. The values of the B (E 2 ;21+ ) in the isotopes below midshell at N = 66 show an enhancement in collectivity, contrary to predictions from shell-model calculations. Purpose: This work presents the first measurement of the 2 1+ and 4 1+ states' magnetic moments in the unstable neutron-deficient 110Sn. The g factors provide complementary structure information to the interpretation of the observed B (E 2 ) values. Methods: The 110Sn nuclei have been produced in inverse kinematics in an α -particle transfer reaction from 12C to 106Cd projectiles at 390, 400, and 410 MeV. The g factors have been measured with the transient field technique. Lifetimes have been determined from line shapes using the Doppler-shift attenuation method. Results: The g factors of the 21+ and 41+ states in 110Sn are g (21+) = +0.29(11) and g (41+) = +0.05(14), respectively. In addition, the g (41+) = +0.27(6) in 106Cd has been measured for the first time. A line-shape analysis yielded τ (110Sn ; 21+) = 0.81(10) ps and a lifetime of τ (110Sn ; 31-) = 0.25(5) ps was calculated from the fully Doppler-shifted γ line. Conclusions: No evidence has been found in 110Sn that would require excitation of protons from the closed Z =50 core.

  13. Double-trap measurement of the proton magnetic moment at 0.3 parts per billion precision.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schneider, Georg; Mooser, Andreas; Bohman, Matthew; Schön, Natalie; Harrington, James; Higuchi, Takashi; Nagahama, Hiroki; Sellner, Stefan; Smorra, Christian; Blaum, Klaus; Matsuda, Yasuyuki; Quint, Wolfgang; Walz, Jochen; Ulmer, Stefan

    2017-11-24

    Precise knowledge of the fundamental properties of the proton is essential for our understanding of atomic structure as well as for precise tests of fundamental symmetries. We report on a direct high-precision measurement of the magnetic moment μp of the proton in units of the nuclear magneton μN The result, μp = 2.79284734462 (±0.00000000082) μN, has a fractional precision of 0.3 parts per billion, improves the previous best measurement by a factor of 11, and is consistent with the currently accepted value. This was achieved with the use of an optimized double-Penning trap technique. Provided a similar measurement of the antiproton magnetic moment can be performed, this result will enable a test of the fundamental symmetry between matter and antimatter in the baryonic sector at the 10-10 level. Copyright © 2017, American Association for the Advancement of Science.

  14. Two-flavor QCD correction to lepton magnetic moments at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dru Renner, Xu Feng, Karl Jansen, Marcus Petschlies

    2011-08-01

    We present a reliable nonperturbative calculation of the QCD correction, at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling, to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau leptons using two-flavor lattice QCD. We use multiple lattice spacings, multiple volumes and a broad range of quark masses to control the continuum, infinite-volume and chiral limits. We examine the impact of the commonly ignored disconnected diagrams and introduce a modification to the previously used method that results in a well-controlled lattice calculation. We obtain 1.513 (43) 10^-12, 5.72 (16) 10^-8 and 2.650 (54) 10^-6 for the leading-order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau respectively, each accurate to better than 3%.

  15. Two-flavor QCD correction to lepton magnetic moments at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng, Xu [DESY, Zeuthen (Germany). NIC; Muenster Univ. (Germany). Inst. fuer Theoretische Physik; Jansen, Karl; Renner, Dru B. [DESY, Zeuthen (Germany). NIC; Petschlies, Marcus [Humboldt Univ. Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik

    2011-03-15

    We present a reliable nonperturbative calculation of the QCD correction, at leading-order in the electromagnetic coupling, to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau leptons using two-flavor lattice QCD. We use multiple lattice spacings, multiple volumes and a broad range of quark masses to control the continuum, in nite-volume and chiral limits. We examine the impact of the commonly ignored disconnected diagrams and introduce a modi cation to the previously used method that results in a well-controlled lattice calculation. We obtain 1.513(43).10{sup -12}, 5.72(16).10{sup -8} and 2.650(54).10{sup -6} for the leading-order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the electron, muon and tau respectively, each accurate to better than 3%. (orig.)

  16. General classical and quantum-mechanical description of magnetic resonance: an application to electric-dipole-moment experiments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silenko, Alexander J.

    2017-05-01

    A general theoretical description of a magnetic resonance is presented. This description is necessary for a detailed analysis of spin dynamics in electric-dipole-moment experiments in storage rings. General formulas describing a behavior of all components of the polarization vector at the magnetic resonance are obtained for an arbitrary initial polarization. These formulas are exact on condition that the nonresonance rotating field is neglected. The spin dynamics is also calculated at frequencies far from resonance with allowance for both rotating fields. A general quantum-mechanical analysis of the spin evolution at the magnetic resonance is fulfilled and the full agreement between the classical and quantum-mechanical approaches is shown. Quasimagnetic resonances for particles and nuclei moving in noncontinuous perturbing fields of accelerators and storage rings are considered. Distinguishing features of quasimagnetic resonances in storage ring electric-dipole-moment experiments are investigated in detail. The exact formulas for the effect caused by the electric dipole moment are derived. The difference between the resonance effects conditioned by the rf electric-field flipper and the rf Wien filter is found and is calculated for the first time. The existence of this difference is crucial for the establishment of a consent between analytical derivations and computer simulations and for checking spin tracking programs. The main systematical errors are considered.

  17. General classical and quantum-mechanical description of magnetic resonance: an application to electric-dipole-moment experiments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silenko, Alexander J. [Belarusian State University, Research Institute for Nuclear Problems, Minsk (Belarus); Joint Institute for Nuclear Research, Bogoliubov Laboratory of Theoretical Physics, Dubna (Russian Federation)

    2017-05-15

    A general theoretical description of a magnetic resonance is presented. This description is necessary for a detailed analysis of spin dynamics in electric-dipole-moment experiments in storage rings. General formulas describing a behavior of all components of the polarization vector at the magnetic resonance are obtained for an arbitrary initial polarization. These formulas are exact on condition that the nonresonance rotating field is neglected. The spin dynamics is also calculated at frequencies far from resonance with allowance for both rotating fields. A general quantum-mechanical analysis of the spin evolution at the magnetic resonance is fulfilled and the full agreement between the classical and quantum-mechanical approaches is shown. Quasimagnetic resonances for particles and nuclei moving in noncontinuous perturbing fields of accelerators and storage rings are considered. Distinguishing features of quasimagnetic resonances in storage ring electric-dipole-moment experiments are investigated in detail. The exact formulas for the effect caused by the electric dipole moment are derived. The difference between the resonance effects conditioned by the rf electric-field flipper and the rf Wien filter is found and is calculated for the first time. The existence of this difference is crucial for the establishment of a consent between analytical derivations and computer simulations and for checking spin tracking programs. The main systematical errors are considered. (orig.)

  18. Ultrafast dynamics of localized magnetic moments in the unconventional Mott insulator Sr2IrO4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krupin, O.; Dakovski, G. L.; Kim, B. J.; Kim, J. W.; Kim, Jungho; Mishra, S.; Chuang, Yi-De; Serrao, C. R.; Lee, W.-S.; Schlotter, W. F.; Minitti, M. P.; Zhu, D.; Fritz, D.; Chollet, M.; Ramesh, R.; Molodtsov, S. L.; Turner, J. J.

    2016-08-01

    We report a time-resolved study of the ultrafast dynamics of the magnetic moments formed by the {{J}\\text{eff}}=1/2 states in Sr2IrO4 by directly probing the localized iridium 5d magnetic state through resonant x-ray diffraction. Using optical pump-hard x-ray probe measurements, two relaxation time scales were determined: a fast fluence-independent relaxation is found to take place on a time scale of 1.5 ps, followed by a slower relaxation on a time scale of 500 ps-1.5 ns.

  19. Ultrafast dynamics of localized magnetic moments in the unconventional Mott insulator Sr2IrO4.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krupin, O; Dakovski, G L; Kim, B J; Kim, J W; Kim, Jungho; Mishra, S; Chuang, Yi-De; Serrao, C R; Lee, W-S; Schlotter, W F; Minitti, M P; Zhu, D; Fritz, D; Chollet, M; Ramesh, R; Molodtsov, S L; Turner, J J

    2016-08-17

    We report a time-resolved study of the ultrafast dynamics of the magnetic moments formed by the [Formula: see text] states in Sr2IrO4 by directly probing the localized iridium 5d magnetic state through resonant x-ray diffraction. Using optical pump-hard x-ray probe measurements, two relaxation time scales were determined: a fast fluence-independent relaxation is found to take place on a time scale of 1.5 ps, followed by a slower relaxation on a time scale of 500 ps-1.5 ns.

  20. Restoring the Co magnetic moments at interfacial Co-porphyrin arrays by site-selective uptake of iron.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vijayaraghavan, Saranyan; Auwärter, Willi; Ecija, David; Seufert, Knud; Rusponi, Stefano; Houwaart, Torsten; Sautet, Philippe; Bocquet, Marie-Laure; Thakur, Pardeep; Stepanow, Sebastian; Schlickum, Uta; Etzkorn, Markus; Brune, Harald; Barth, Johannes V

    2015-04-28

    Magnetochemistry recently emerged as a promising approach to control addressable spin arrays on surfaces. Here we report on the binding, spatial ordering, and magnetic properties of Fe on a highly regular Co-tetraphenylporphyrin (Co-TPP) template and highlight how the Fe controls the magnetism of the Co centers. As evidenced by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) single Fe atoms attach to the saddle-shape conformers site-selectively in a unique coordination environment offered through a heptamer defined by the Co-N-C-C-C-N cyclic subunit. While the magnetic moment of Co is quenched for bare Co-TPP/Ag(111), the Fe presence revives it. Our X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) experiments, complemented by density functional theory (DFT) calculations, evidence a ferromagnetic coupling between the Fe and the Co center concomitant with a complex charge redistribution involving the porphyrin ligand. Thus, we demonstrate an unusual metalloporphyrin coordination geometry that opens pathways to spatially order and engineer magnetic moments in surface-based nanostructures.

  1. Magnetic moment of Ag-104(m) and the hyperfine magnetic field of Ag in Fe using nuclear magnetic resonance on oriented nuclei

    CERN Document Server

    Golovko, V.V.; Phalet, T.; Delaure, B.; Beck, M.; Kozlov, V.Yu.; Coeck, S.; Wauters, F.; Herzog, P.; Tramm, Ch.; Zakoucky, D.; Venos, D.; Srnka, D.; Honusek, M.; Koster, U.; Severijns, N.

    2010-01-01

    Nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR/ON) measurements with beta- and gamma-ray detection have been performed on oriented Ag-104(g,m) nuclei with the NICOLE He-3-He-4 dilution refrigerator setup at ISOLDE/CERN. For Ag-104(g) (I-pi = 5(+)) the gamma-NMR/ON resonance signal was found at nu = 266.70(5) MHz. Combining this result with the known magnetic moment for this isotope, the magnetic hyperfine field of Ag impurities in an Fe host at low temperature (< 1 K) is found to be vertical bar B-hf(AgFe)vertical bar = 44.709(35) T. A detailed analysis of other relevant data available in the literature yields three more values for this hyperfine field. Averaging all four values yields a new and precise value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe; that is, vertical bar B-hf(AgFe)vertical bar = 44.692(30) T. For Ag-104(m) (I-pi = 2(+)), the anisotropy of the beta particles provided the NMR/ON resonance signal at nu = 627.7(4) MHz. Using the new value for the hyperfine field of Ag in Fe, this frequency corresponds to the mag...

  2. Spins, charge radii and magnetic moments of neutron-rich Mn isotopes measured with bunched beam Collinear Laser Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    AUTHOR|(CDS)2085887; Heylen, Hanne

    In this work, the odd-even $^{51–63}$Mn isotopes have been analyzed using collinear laser spectroscopy, from which the magnetic dipole moment and the change in change in mean square charge radius can be determined. The magnetic moment is very sensitive to the composition of the total nuclear wave function, while the charge radius gives information about the relative size and degree of deformation of the nucleus. An additional advantage of collinear laser spectroscopy is the possibility of direct measurement of the nuclear spin. The main motivation behind the study of these isotopes is to investigate the change in nuclear structure when approaching neutron number N = 40. This region is of interest due to the apparent doubly magic nature of $^{68}$Ni , which is not seen in the N = 40 isotopes of $^{26}$Fe and $^{24}$Cr. Mn, situated between these elements, offers another perspective due to its uncoupled proton. Based on the observed spectra and extracted moments, spins were assigned to $^{59,61,63}$Mn. The ex...

  3. Multiple degree-of-freedom force and moment measurement for static propulsion testing using magnetic suspension technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stuart, Keith; Bartosh, Blake

    1993-01-01

    Innovative Information Systems (IIS), Inc. is in the process of designing and fabricating a high bandwidth force and moment measuring device (i.e. the Magnetic Thruster Test Stand). This device will use active magnetic suspension to allow direct measurements of the forces and torques generated by the rocket engines of the missile under test. The principle of operation of the Magnetic Thruster Test Stand (MTTS) is based on the ability to perform very precise, high bandwidth force and position measurements on an object suspended in a magnetic field. This ability exists due to the fact that the digital servo control mechanism that performs the magnetic suspension uses high bandwidth (10 kHz) position data (via an eddy-current proximity sensor) to determine the amount of force required to maintain stable suspension at a particular point. This force is converted into required electromagnet coil current, which is then output to a current amplifier driving the coils. A discussion of how the coil current and magnetic gap distance (the distance between the electromagnet and the object being suspended) is used to determine the forces being applied from the suspended assembly is presented.

  4. Limit on the muon neutrino magnetic moment and a measurement of the CCPIP to CCQE cross section ratio

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ouedraogo, Serge Aristide [Louisiana State Univ., Baton Rouge, LA (United States)

    2008-12-01

    A search for the muon neutrino magnetic moment was conducted using the Mini-BooNE low energy neutrino data. The analysis was performed by analyzing the elastic scattering interactions of muon neutrinos on electrons. The analysis looked for an excess of elastic scattering events above the Standard Model prediction from which a limit on the neutrino magnetic could be set. In this thesis, we report an excess of 15.3 ± 6.6(stat)±4.1(syst) vμe events above the expected background. At 90% C.L., we derived a limit on the muon neutrino magnetic moment of 12.7 x 10-10 μB. The other analysis reported in this thesis is a measurement of charged current single pion production (CCπ+) to charged current quasi elastic (CCQE) interactions cross sections ratio. This measurement was performed with two different fitting algorithms and the results from both fitters are consistent with each other.

  5. Magnetic moment for the negative parity Λ→Σ0 transition in light cone QCD sum rules

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T.M. Aliev

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The magnetic moment of the Λ→Σ0 transition between negative parity baryons is calculated in framework of the QCD sum rules approach by using the general form of the interpolating currents. The pollution arising from the positive-to-positive, and positive-to-negative parity baryons is eliminated by constructing the sum rules for different Lorentz structures. A comparison of our result with the predictions of the results of other approaches for the positive parity baryons is presented.

  6. Determination of the nuclear magnetic moments of 145–148Eu by low-temperature nuclear orientation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.G. van den Berg

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available Nuclear orientation measurements down to 2 mK have been performed on sources of 145–148Eu in SmFe2. The gamma-ray anisotropy yields the nuclear magnetic moments of the europium nuclei with A = 145, 146, 147and148 to be 1.1 ± 0.3 μN, 0.70 ± 0.07 μN, 1.0 ± 0.1 μN and 1.33 ± 0.06 μN, respectively.

  7. Virtual Global Magnetic Observatory VGMO.NET: A Component of the Electronic Geophysical Year Initiative

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papitashvili, V.; Petrov, V.; Clauer, R.; Saxena, A.; Papitashvili, N.

    2005-05-01

    During the past decade, many digital geomagnetic datasets have become available only via the World Wide Web. They are not necessarily submitted to the World Data Centers (WDC) as was required for standard magnetic observatories since the International Geophysical Year (1957-1958). As a result, the available worldwide geomagnetic databases have become diverse and distributed, creating an urgent need for more sophisticated search engines capable of identifying these databases on the Web and then retrieving data for scientific analyses. Here we report on a working prototype of the Virtual Global Magnetic Observatory (VGMO.NET), which introduces a new approach for the acquisition of geoscience data distributed worldwide. The VGMO.NET moves information exchange from a simple file transfer to a higher level of abstraction in forming the worldwide "data fabric" of distributed resources through the establishment of self-populating and self-sustaining data nodes. This is an "on-demand" objects-building Internet middleware application that is absolutely transparent to the remote users/clients in its internal data management activity. The VGMO.NET portal/server (i.e., one of the worldwide data fabric nodes) builds transferable data objects only from client requests: first by accessing the internal, server-side database and then, if data are not found locally, going through a pre-set list of Web-based geomagnetic data nodes (including WDC) and retrieving appropriate data for the requested interval. Upon retrieval, the data are converted into a uniform (e.g., flat-file) format and added to the node's database; therefore, future user requests of the same data interval from this node would not force a new search of the Web. Furthermore, the new user's self-populated database can be made available to others through the VGMO.NET as a new remote node (or even a new portal). Thus, every VGMO.NET user can include his/her database into the worldwide geomagnetic data fabric of a

  8. An investigation into force-moment calibration techniques applicable to a magnetic suspension and balance system. M.S. Thesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eskins, Jonathan

    1988-01-01

    The problem of determining the forces and moments acting on a wind tunnel model suspended in a Magnetic Suspension and Balance System is addressed. Two calibration methods were investigated for three types of model cores, i.e., Alnico, Samarium-Cobalt, and a superconducting solenoid. Both methods involve calibrating the currents in the electromagnetic array against known forces and moments. The first is a static calibration method using calibration weights and a system of pulleys. The other method, dynamic calibration, involves oscillating the model and using its inertia to provide calibration forces and moments. Static calibration data, found to produce the most reliable results, is presented for three degrees of freedom at 0, 15, and -10 deg angle of attack. Theoretical calculations are hampered by the inability to represent iron-cored electromagnets. Dynamic calibrations, despite being quicker and easier to perform, are not as accurate as static calibrations. Data for dynamic calibrations at 0 and 15 deg is compared with the relevant static data acquired. Distortion of oscillation traces is cited as a major source of error in dynamic calibrations.

  9. Influence of temperature on the systematics of magnetic moments of free Fe clusters

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šipr, Ondřej; Polesya, S.; Minár, J.; Ebert, H.

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 19, - (2007), 446205/1-446205/10 ISSN 0953-8984 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100521 Keywords : magnet ism * temperature * exchange coupling * clusters Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnet ism Impact factor: 1.886, year: 2007

  10. Orbital and spin magnetic moments of ferrocene encapsulated in metallicity sorted single-walled carbon nanotubes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briones-Leon, Antonio; Ayala, Paola; Pichler, Thomas; Shiozawa, Hidetsugu [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Strudlhofgasse 4, 1090 Vienna (Austria); Liu, Xianjie [Department of Physics, Chemistry and Biology (IFM), Linkoeping University, 58333 Linkoeping (Sweden); Kataura, Hiromichi [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Tsukuba 305-8565 (Japan); Yanagi, Kazuhiro [Department of Physics, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Hachiouji, Tokyo 192-0397 (Japan); Weschke, Eugen [Helmholtz-Zentrum Berlin fr Materialien und Energie, Wilhelm-Conrad-Rntgen-Campus BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany)

    2012-12-15

    The nature of the electronic and local magnetic properties of ferrocene (FeCp{sub 2}) filled single-walled carbon nanotubes (SWCNT) has been investigated by X-ray absorption spectroscopy (XAS) and magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD). Metallic, semiconducting, and unsorted ferrocene-filled tubes have been studied in different conditions of temperature and magnetic field. XMCD signal becomes evident with the application of a magnetic field at low temperature. We find that the molecular states of ferrocene interact with SWCNT of different metallicities. A paramagnetic behavior of encapsulated ferrocene is observed from the magnetic field dependent XMCD measurements which is consistent with theoretical predictions. (Copyright copyright 2012 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  11. Pion-proton bremsstrahlung calculation and the experimental'' magnetic moment of. Delta. sup ++ (1232)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, D.; Liou, M.K. (Department of Physics and Institute for Nuclear Theory, Brooklyn College of the City University of New York, Brooklyn, New York (USA)); Ding, Z.M. (Department of Physics, Central State University, Edmond, Oklahoma (USA) Department of Physics, Normandale Community College, Bloomington, Minnesota (USA))

    1991-11-01

    A bremsstrahlung amplitude in the special two-energy-two-angle (TETAS) approximation, which is relativistic, gauge invariant, and consistent with the soft-photon theorem, is derived for the pion-proton bremsstrahlung ({pi}{sup +}{ital p}{gamma}) process near the {Delta}{sup ++}(1232) resonance. In order to take into account bremsstrahlung emission from an internal {Delta}{sup ++} line with both charge and the anomalous magnetic moment {lambda}{sub {Delta}}, we have applied a radiation decomposition identity to modify Low's standard prescription for constructing a soft-photon amplitude. This modified procedure is very general; it can be used to derive the TETAS amplitude for any bremsstrahlung process with resonance. The derived TETAS amplitude is applied to calculate all {pi}{sup +}{ital p}{gamma} cross sections which can be compared with the experimental data. Treating {lambda}{sub {Delta}} as a free parameter in these calculations, we extract the experimental'' magnetic moment of the {Delta}{sup ++}, {mu}{sub {Delta}}, from recent data. The extracted values of {mu}{sub {Delta}} are (3.7--4.2){ital e}/(2{ital m}{sub {ital p}}) from the University of California, Los Angeles data and (4.6--4.9){ital e}/(2{ital m}{sub {ital p}}) from the Paul Scherrer Institute data. Here, {ital m}{sub {ital p}} is the proton mass.

  12. Size effect on local magnetic moments in ferrimagnetic molecular complexes: an XMCD investigation

    CERN Document Server

    Champion, G; Cartier-Dit-Moulin, C; Arrio, M A; Sainctavit, P; Zacchigna, M; Zangrando, M; Finazzi, M; Parmigiani, F; Mathoniere, C

    2003-01-01

    Molecular chemistry allows to synthesize new magnetic systems with controlled properties such as size, magnetization or anisotropy. The theoretical study of the magnetic properties of small molecules (from 2 to 10 metallic cations per molecule) predicts that the magnetization at saturation of each ion does not reach the expected value for uncoupled ions when the magnetic interaction is antiferromagnetic. The quantum origin of this effect is due to the linear combination of several spin states building the wave function of the ground state and clusters of finite size and of finite spin value exhibit this property. When single crystals are available, spin densities on each atom can be experimentally given by polarized neutron diffraction (PND) experiments. In the case of bimetallic MnCu powdered samples, we will show that x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) spectroscopy can be used to follow the evolution of the spin distribution on the Mn sup I sup I and Cu sup I sup I sites when passing from a dinuclear ...

  13. Spin- and orbital-moment compensation in the zero-moment ferromagnet Sm0.974Gd0.026Al2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dhesi, S. S.; van der Laan, G.; Bencok, P.; Brookes, N. B.; Galéra, R. M.; Ohresser, P.

    2010-11-01

    The balance between the orbital and spin magnetic moments of Sm3+ in the zero-moment ferromagnet Sm0.974Gd0.026Al2 has been studied using x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) at the SmM4,5 edges. The difference in the XMCD multiplet structure below and above the compensation point, Tcomp , demonstrates that the exchange and crystal-field interactions mix the low-lying J=7/2 excited state into the Sm f5 H65/2 ground state. Sum-rule analysis of the temperature-dependent XMCD reveals an anomalous change in the Sm3+ orbital to spin magnetic-moment ratio as the net magnetization vanishes at Tcomp . This behavior is ascribed to the role of the conduction electron-spin moment which couples parallel to the Sm spin moment.

  14. Magnetic moment of the fragmentation-aligned 61Fe (9/2(+)) isomer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matea, I; Georgiev, G; Daugas, J M; Hass, M; Neyens, G; Astabatyan, R; Baby, L T; Balabanski, D L; Bélier, G; Borremans, D; Goldring, G; Goutte, H; Himpe, P; Lewitowicz, M; Lukyanov, S; Méot, V; Santos, F de Oliveira; Penionzhkevich, Yu E; Roig, O; Sawicka, M

    2004-10-01

    We report on the g factor measurement of an isomer in the neutron-rich (61)(26)Fe (E(*)=861 keV and T(1/2)=239(5) ns). The isomer was produced and spin aligned via a projectile-fragmentation reaction at intermediate energy, the time dependent perturbed angular distribution method being used for the measurement of the g factor. For the first time, due to significant improvements of the experimental technique, an appreciable residual alignment of the nuclear spin ensemble has been observed, allowing a precise determination of its g factor, including the sign: g=-0.229(2). In this way we open the possibility to study moments of very neutron-rich short-lived isomers, not accessible via other production and spin-orientation methods.

  15. Characterisation of superconducting capillaries for magnetic shielding of twisted-wire pairs in a neutron electric dipole moment experiment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Henry, S., E-mail: s.henry@physics.ox.ac.uk; Pipe, M.; Cottle, A.; Clarke, C.; Divakar, U.; Lynch, A.

    2014-11-01

    The cryoEDM neutron electric dipole moment experiment requires a SQUID magnetometry system with pick-up loops inside a magnetically shielded volume connected to SQUID sensors by long (up to 2 m) twisted-wire pairs (TWPs). These wires run outside the main shield, and therefore must run through superconducting capillaries to screen unwanted magnetic pick-up. We show that the average measured transverse magnetic pick-up of a set of lengths of TWPs is equivalent to a loop area of 5.0×10{sup −6} m{sup 2}/m, or 14 twists per metre. From this we set the requirement that the magnetic shielding factor of the superconducting capillaries used in the cryoEDM system must be greater than 8.0×10{sup 4}. The shielding factor—the ratio of the signal picked-up by an unshielded TWP to that induced in a shielded TWP—was measured for a selection of superconducting capillaries made from solder wire. We conclude the transverse shielding factor of a uniform capillary is greater than 10{sup 7}. The measured pick-up was equal to, or less than that due to direct coupling to the SQUID sensor (measured without any TWP attached). We show that discontinuities in the capillaries substantially impair the magnetic shielding, yet if suitably repaired, this can be restored to the shielding factor of an unbroken capillary. We have constructed shielding assemblies for cryoEDM made from lengths of single core and triple core solder capillaries, joined by a shielded Pb cylinder, incorporating a heater to heat the wires above the superconducting transition as required.

  16. Characterisation of superconducting capillaries for magnetic shielding of twisted-wire pairs in a neutron electric dipole moment experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henry, S.; Pipe, M.; Cottle, A.; Clarke, C.; Divakar, U.; Lynch, A.

    2014-11-01

    The cryoEDM neutron electric dipole moment experiment requires a SQUID magnetometry system with pick-up loops inside a magnetically shielded volume connected to SQUID sensors by long (up to 2 m) twisted-wire pairs (TWPs). These wires run outside the main shield, and therefore must run through superconducting capillaries to screen unwanted magnetic pick-up. We show that the average measured transverse magnetic pick-up of a set of lengths of TWPs is equivalent to a loop area of 5.0×10-6 m2/m, or 14 twists per metre. From this we set the requirement that the magnetic shielding factor of the superconducting capillaries used in the cryoEDM system must be greater than 8.0×104. The shielding factor-the ratio of the signal picked-up by an unshielded TWP to that induced in a shielded TWP-was measured for a selection of superconducting capillaries made from solder wire. We conclude the transverse shielding factor of a uniform capillary is greater than 107. The measured pick-up was equal to, or less than that due to direct coupling to the SQUID sensor (measured without any TWP attached). We show that discontinuities in the capillaries substantially impair the magnetic shielding, yet if suitably repaired, this can be restored to the shielding factor of an unbroken capillary. We have constructed shielding assemblies for cryoEDM made from lengths of single core and triple core solder capillaries, joined by a shielded Pb cylinder, incorporating a heater to heat the wires above the superconducting transition as required.

  17. Energy Moment Method Applied to Nuclear Quadrupole Splitting of Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frank, V

    1962-01-01

    Expressions giving the sum of the energy values, raised to the second and third power, for a nucleus interacting with a static magnetic field and a static electric field gradient are derived. Several applications of this method for obtaining the values of the components of the electric field...

  18. Lepton dipole moments

    CERN Document Server

    Marciano, William J

    2010-01-01

    This book provides a self-contained description of the measurements of the magnetic dipole moments of the electron and muon, along with a discussion of the measurements of the fine structure constant, and the theory associated with magnetic and electric dipole moments. Also included are the searches for a permanent electric dipole moment of the electron, muon, neutron and atomic nuclei. The related topic of the transition moment for lepton flavor violating processes, such as neutrinoless muon or tauon decays, and the search for such processes are included as well. The papers, written by many o

  19. Contribution of the magnetic moment to the reaction force to the radiation in relativistic form; Contribucion del momento magnetico a la fuerza de reaccion a la radiacion en forma relativista

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ares de Parga, G.; Ortiz D, M.; Mares, R. [Dpto de Fisica, Escuela Superior de Fisica Matematicas, Instituto Politecnico Nacional, U.P. Adolfo Lopez Mateos, Zacatenco, 07738, Mexico D.F. (Mexico)]. e-mail: gonzalo@esfm.ipn.mx

    2007-07-01

    Starting with the magnetic Smirnov reaction force, a relativistic equation which describe the motion of a charged particle with constant magnetic moment of spin {mu}{sup {yields}}, is obtained. A Landau-Lifshitz-like equation is deduced with magnetic moment. A fundamental difference between the classical and relativistic radiation rate of energy is found. (Author)

  20. Confronting spectral functions from e sup + e sup - annihilation and decays consequences for the muon magnetic moment

    CERN Document Server

    Davier, M; Höcker, A; Zhang, Z

    2002-01-01

    Vacuum polarization integrals involve the vector spectral functions which can be experimentally determined from two sources: (i) e sup + e sup - annihilation cross sections and (ii) hadronic tau decays. Recently results with comparable precision have become available from CMD-2 on one side, and ALEPH and CLEO on the other. The comparison of the respective spectral functions involves a correction from isospin-breaking effects which is evaluated. After correction it is found that the dominant 2 pi spectral functions do not agree within experimental and theoretical uncertainties. Some problems are also found for the 4 pi spectral functions where different experiments do not agree well with each other. The consequences of these discrepancies for vacuum polarization calculations are presented, with emphasis on the muon anomalous magnetic moment. The work includes a complete reevaluation of all exclusive cross sections, taking into account the most recent data that became available in particular from the Novosibirs...

  1. A half-metallic half-Heusler alloy having the largest atomic-like magnetic moment at optimized lattice constant

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. L. Zhang

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available For half-Heusler alloys, the general formula is XYZ, where X can be a transition or alkali metal element, Y is another transition metal element, typically Mn or Cr, and Z is a group IV element or a pnicitide. The atomic arrangements within a unit-cell show three configurations. Before this study, most of the predictions of half-metallic properties of half-Heusler alloys at the lattice constants differing from their optimized lattice constant. Based on the electropositivity of X and electronegativity of Z for half-Heusler alloys, we found that one of the configurations of LiCrS exhibits half-metallic properties at its optimized lattice constant of 5.803Å, and has the maximum atomic-like magnetic moment of 5μB. The challenges of its growth and the effects of the spin-orbit effect in this alloy will be discussed.

  2. Magnetic nanowires (Fe, Fe-Co, Fe-Ni – magnetic moment reorientation in respect of wires composition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kalska-Szostko Beata

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Magnetic nanowires of Fe, Fe-Co, and Fe-Ni alloy and layered structure were prepared by electrochemical alternating current (AC deposition method. The morphology of the nanowires in and without the matrix was studied by energy dispersive X-ray spectroscopy (EDX, scanning electron microscopy (SEM, and X-ray diffraction (XRD, respectively. The wires either show strong dependence on the combination of elements deposition (alloy or layered or chemical composition (Co or Ni. The magnetic properties of the nanostructures were determined on the basis of Mössbauer spectroscopy (MS.

  3. Dynamical Shiba states from precessing magnetic moments in an s -wave superconductor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaladzhyan, Vardan; Hoffman, Silas; Trif, Mircea

    2017-05-01

    We study theoretically the dynamics of a Shiba state forming around precessing classical spin in an s -wave superconductor. Utilizing a rotating wave description for the precessing magnetic impurity, we find the resulting Shiba bound state quasienergy and the spatial extension of the Shiba wave function. We show that such a precession pertains to dc charge and spin currents flowing through a normal STM tip tunnel coupled to the superconductor in the vicinity of the impurity. We calculate these currents and find that they strongly depend on the magnetic impurity precession frequency, precession angle, and on the position of the Shiba energy level in the superconducting gap. The resulting charge current is found to be proportional to the difference between the electron and hole wave functions of the Shiba state, being a direct measure for such an asymmetry. By dynamically driving the impurity one can infer the spin dependence of the Shiba states in the absence of a spin-polarized STM tip.

  4. Extreme instability of magnetic Fe-moment in amorphous alloys under pressure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamarád, J.; Míšek, M.; Arnold, Z.

    2017-10-01

    The effect of high hydrostatic pressure on magnetization of the selected Fe-, FeNi-, FeCr- and FeW-based amorphous alloys has been studied in pressure range up to 1.2 GPa. The very strong non-linear decrease of magnetization under pressure was observed in all the studied alloys, with the extreme value of dlnM/dP = - 780*10-3 GPa-1 in the case of the amorphous Fe93Zr7 alloy. Moreover, the spin glass behaviour of the alloy at temperatures below 50 K has been strongly changed by pressure. The received results support the theoretical concepts based on a dominant role of the pressure-induced widening of the 3d-band of transition metals under high pressure.

  5. Distinct demagnetization dynamics of Ni and Fe magnetic moments in a NiFe alloy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eschenlohr, Andrea; Stamm, Christian; Pontius, Niko; Kachel, Torsten; Radu, Florin [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Elektronenspeicherring BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Radu, Ilie [Helmholtz Zentrum Berlin fuer Materialien und Energie, Elektronenspeicherring BESSY II, Albert-Einstein-Str. 15, 12489 Berlin (Germany); Radboud University Nijmegen, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands); Rasing, Theo; Kimel, Alexey V. [Radboud University Nijmegen, Heijendaalseweg 135, 6525 AJ Nijmegen (Netherlands)

    2011-07-01

    Ultrafast demagnetization has been approached from a variety of experimental and theoretical angles since the first observation of a sub-picosecond quenching of magnetization in Ni. Time constants of demagnetization have been established for elementary transition metals and rare earths. Their compounds and alloys, which are highly relevant for technological applications and for research into the microscopic origins of ultrafast demagnetization, are increasingly investigated with methods like TR-MOKE. Yet experimental methods which combine femtosecond time resolution with an element-sensitive measurement of the magnetization have so far been sparse. We bridge this gap by probing magnetization dynamics in ferromagnetic NiFe alloys in an element-resolved way with 100 fs x-ray pulses generated by the Femtoslicing facility at BESSY II via XMCD. We find different demagnetization time constants for Ni (80 +/- 30 fs) and Fe (240 +/- 30 fs) in Ni50Fe50, evidence of a decoupling of the Ni and Fe dynamics on ultrafast timescales despite the exchange interaction between the two elements.

  6. Relaxation of the Shallow Acceptor Center Magnetic Moment in a Highly Doped Silicon

    CERN Document Server

    Mamedov, T N; Herlach, D; Gorelkin, V N; Gritsaj, K I; Duginov, V N; Kormann, O; Major, J V; Stoikov, A V; Zimmermann, U

    2001-01-01

    Results on the temperature dependence of the residual polarization of negative muons in crystalline silicon with germanium, boron and phosphorus impurities are presented. The measurements were carried out in a magnetic field of 0.1 T transverse to the direction of the muon spin in the temperature range 4.2-300 K. It is found that in a silicon sample with a high concentration of germanium impurity (9\\cdot 10^{19} cm^{-3}), as in the samples of n- and p-type silicon with impurity concentrations up to \\sim 10^{17} cm^{-3}, the relaxation rate \

  7. Performance Testing of a Magnetically Suspended Double Gimbal Control Moment Gyro Based on the Single Axis Air Bearing Table

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiancheng Fang

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Integrating the advantage of magnetic bearings with a double gimble control moment gyroscope (DGCMG, a magnetically suspended DGCMG (MSDGCMG is an ideal actuator in high-precision, long life, and rapid maneuver attitude control systems. The work presented here mainly focuses on performance testing of a MSDGCMG independently developed by Beihang University, based on the single axis air bearing table. In this paper, taking into sufficient consideration to the moving-gimbal effects and the response bandwidth limit of the gimbal, a special MSDGCMG steering law is proposed subject to the limits of gimbal angle rate and angle acceleration. Finally, multiple experiments are carried out, with different MSDGCMG angular momenta as well as different desired attitude angles. The experimental results indicate that the MSDGCMG has a good gimbal angle rate and output torque tracking capabilities, and that the attitude stability with MSDGCMG as actuator is superior to 10−3°/s. The MSDGCMG performance testing in this paper, carried out under moving-base condition, will offer a technique base for the future research and application of MSDGCMGs.

  8. Interactions among magnetic moments in the double perovskites Sr{sub 2}Fe{sub 1+x}Mo{sub 1−x}O{sub 6}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pilo, J. [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica-Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional Av. Santa Ana 1000, México, D. F., C. P. 04430, México (Mexico); Carvajal, E., E-mail: ecarvajalq@ipn.mx [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica-Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional Av. Santa Ana 1000, México, D. F., C. P. 04430, México (Mexico); Oviedo-Roa, R. [Programa de Investigación en Ingeniería Molecular, Instituto Mexicano del Petróleo Eje Central Lázaro Cárdenas Norte 152, México, D. F., C. P. 07730, México (Mexico); Cruz-Irisson, M. [Escuela Superior de Ingeniería Mecánica y Eléctrica-Culhuacán, Instituto Politécnico Nacional Av. Santa Ana 1000, México, D. F., C. P. 04430, México (Mexico); Navarro, O. [Instituto de Investigaciones en Materiales, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México A.P. 70-360, México, D. F., C. P. 04510, México (Mexico)

    2014-12-15

    It is well known that every double perovskite shows a characteristic magnetic behavior, as a consequence of the interactions among the magnetic moments associated with the atoms in their cells; at the same time, the electric and magnetic properties of the bulk double perovskite Sr{sub 2}FeMoO{sub 6} are well characterized. In this work we studied the iron rich compounds Sr{sub 2}Fe{sub 1+x}Mo{sub 1−x}O{sub 6}, using a supercell to model such concentrations that made Fe richer perovskites by ±66.6% and ±200%. Starting from the stoichiometric double perovskite, and modifying the Fe/Mo ratio in the compound, the study of these materials were based on the calculation of the magnetic moment at each atom, as well as the partial density of states.

  9. An upper limit on the anomalous magnetic moment of the $\\tau$ lepton

    CERN Document Server

    Ackerstaff, K.; Allison, John; Altekamp, N.; Anderson, K.J.; Anderson, S.; Arcelli, S.; Asai, S.; Ashby, S.F.; Axen, D.; Azuelos, G.; Ball, A.H.; Barberio, E.; Barlow, Roger J.; Bartoldus, R.; Batley, J.R.; Baumann, S.; Bechtluft, J.; Behnke, T.; Bell, Kenneth Watson; Bella, G.; Bentvelsen, S.; Bethke, S.; Betts, S.; Biebel, O.; Biguzzi, A.; Bird, S.D.; Blobel, V.; Bloodworth, I.J.; Bobinski, M.; Bock, P.; Bonacorsi, D.; Boutemeur, M.; Braibant, S.; Brigliadori, L.; Brown, Robert M.; Burckhart, H.J.; Burgard, C.; Burgin, R.; Capiluppi, P.; Carnegie, R.K.; Carter, A.A.; Carter, J.R.; Chang, C.Y.; Charlton, David G.; Chrisman, D.; Clarke, P.E.L.; Cohen, I.; Conboy, J.E.; Cooke, O.C.; Couyoumtzelis, C.; Coxe, R.L.; Cuffiani, M.; Dado, S.; Dallapiccola, C.; Dallavalle, G.Marco; Davis, R.; De Jong, S.; del Pozo, L.A.; de Roeck, A.; Desch, K.; Dienes, B.; Dixit, M.S.; Doucet, M.; Duchovni, E.; Duckeck, G.; Duerdoth, I.P.; Eatough, D.; Estabrooks, P.G.; Etzion, E.; Evans, H.G.; Evans, M.; Fabbri, F.; Fanfani, A.; Fanti, M.; Faust, A.A.; Feld, L.; Fiedler, F.; Fierro, M.; Fischer, H.M.; Fleck, I.; Folman, R.; Fong, D.G.; Foucher, M.; Furtjes, A.; Futyan, D.I.; Gagnon, P.; Gary, J.W.; Gascon, J.; Gascon-Shotkin, S.M.; Geddes, N.I.; Geich-Gimbel, C.; Geralis, T.; Giacomelli, G.; Giacomelli, P.; Giacomelli, R.; Gibson, V.; Gibson, W.R.; Gingrich, D.M.; Glenzinski, D.; Goldberg, J.; Goodrick, M.J.; Gorn, W.; Grandi, C.; Gross, E.; Grunhaus, J.; Gruwe, M.; Hajdu, C.; Hanson, G.G.; Hansroul, M.; Hapke, M.; Hargrove, C.K.; Hart, P.A.; Hartmann, C.; Hauschild, M.; Hawkes, C.M.; Hawkings, R.; Hemingway, R.J.; Herndon, M.; Herten, G.; Heuer, R.D.; Hildreth, M.D.; Hill, J.C.; Hillier, S.J.; Hobson, P.R.; Hocker, James Andrew; Homer, R.J.; Honma, A.K.; Horvath, D.; Hossain, K.R.; Howard, R.; Huntemeyer, P.; Hutchcroft, D.E.; Igo-Kemenes, P.; Imrie, D.C.; Ishii, K.; Jawahery, A.; Jeffreys, P.W.; Jeremie, H.; Jimack, M.; Joly, A.; Jones, C.R.; Jones, M.; Jost, U.; Jovanovic, P.; Junk, T.R.; Kanzaki, J.; Karlen, D.; Kartvelishvili, V.; Kawagoe, K.; Kawamoto, T.; Kayal, P.I.; Keeler, R.K.; Kellogg, R.G.; Kennedy, B.W.; Kirk, J.; Klier, A.; Kluth, S.; Kobayashi, T.; Kobel, M.; Koetke, D.S.; Kokott, T.P.; Kolrep, M.; Komamiya, S.; Kowalewski, Robert V.; Kress, T.; Krieger, P.; von Krogh, J.; Kyberd, P.; Lafferty, G.D.; Lahmann, R.; Lai, W.P.; Lanske, D.; Lauber, J.; Lautenschlager, S.R.; Lawson, I.; Layter, J.G.; Lazic, D.; Lee, A.M.; Lefebvre, E.; Lellouch, D.; Letts, J.; Levinson, L.; List, B.; Lloyd, S.L.; Loebinger, F.K.; Long, G.D.; Losty, M.J.; Ludwig, J.; Lui, D.; Macchiolo, A.; Macpherson, A.; Mannelli, M.; Marcellini, S.; Markopoulos, C.; Markus, C.; Martin, A.J.; Martin, J.P.; Martinez, G.; Mashimo, T.; Mattig, Peter; McDonald, W.John; McKenna, J.; Mckigney, E.A.; McMahon, T.J.; McPherson, R.A.; Meijers, F.; Menke, S.; Merritt, F.S.; Mes, H.; Meyer, J.; Michelini, A.; Mihara, S.; Mikenberg, G.; Miller, D.J.; Mincer, A.; Mir, R.; Mohr, W.; Montanari, A.; Mori, T.; Nagai, K.; Nakamura, I.; Neal, H.A.; Nellen, B.; Nisius, R.; O'Neale, S.W.; Oakham, F.G.; Odorici, F.; Ogren, H.O.; Oh, A.; Oldershaw, N.J.; Oreglia, M.J.; Orito, S.; Palinkas, J.; Pasztor, G.; Pater, J.R.; Patrick, G.N.; Patt, J.; Perez-Ochoa, R.; Petzold, S.; Pfeifenschneider, P.; Pilcher, J.E.; Pinfold, J.; Plane, David E.; Poffenberger, P.; Poli, B.; Posthaus, A.; Rembser, C.; Robertson, S.; Robins, S.A.; Rodning, N.; Roney, J.M.; Rooke, A.; Rossi, A.M.; Routenburg, P.; Rozen, Y.; Runge, K.; Runolfsson, O.; Ruppel, U.; Rust, D.R.; Sachs, K.; Saeki, T.; Sahr, O.; Sang, W.M.; Sarkisian, E.K.G.; Sbarra, C.; Schaile, A.D.; Schaile, O.; Scharf, F.; Scharff-Hansen, P.; Schieck, J.; Schleper, P.; Schmitt, B.; Schmitt, S.; Schoning, A.; Schroder, Matthias; Schumacher, M.; Schwick, C.; Scott, W.G.; Shears, T.G.; Shen, B.C.; Shepherd-Themistocleous, C.H.; Sherwood, P.; Siroli, G.P.; Sittler, A.; Skillman, A.; Skuja, A.; Smith, A.M.; Snow, G.A.; Sobie, R.; Soldner-Rembold, S.; Springer, Robert Wayne; Sproston, M.; Stephens, K.; Steuerer, J.; Stockhausen, B.; Stoll, K.; Strom, David M.; Strohmer, R.; Szymanski, P.; Tafirout, R.; Talbot, S.D.; Taras, P.; Tarem, S.; Teuscher, R.; Thiergen, M.; Thomson, M.A.; von Torne, E.; Torrence, E.; Towers, S.; Trigger, I.; Trocsanyi, Z.; Tsur, E.; Turcot, A.S.; Turner-Watson, M.F.; Ueda, I.; Utzat, P.; Van Kooten, Rick J.; Vannerem, P.; Verzocchi, M.; Vikas, P.; Vokurka, E.H.; Voss, H.; Wackerle, F.; Wagner, A.; Ward, C.P.; Ward, D.R.; Watkins, P.M.; Watson, A.T.; Watson, N.K.; Wells, P.S.; Wermes, N.; White, J.S.; Wilson, G.W.; Wilson, J.A.; Wyatt, T.R.; Yamashita, S.; Yekutieli, G.; Zacek, V.; Zer-Zion, D.

    1998-01-01

    Using radiative Z^0 -> \\tau^+ \\tau^- \\gamma events collected with the OPAL detector at LEP at \\sqrt{s}=M_Z during 1990-95, a direct study of the electromagnetic current at the \\tau\\gamma vertex has been performed in terms of the anomalous magnetic form factor F_2 of the \\tau lepton. The analysis is based on a data sample of 1429 e^+ e^- -> \\tau^+ \\tau^- \\gamma events which are examined for a deviation from the expectation with F_2 = 0. From the non-observation of anomalous \\tau^+ \\tau^- \\gamma production a limit of -0.068 < F_2 < 0.065 is obtained. This can also be interpreted as a limit on the electric dipole form factor F_3 as -3.8 x 10^-16 e-cm < eF_3 < 3.6 x 10^-16 e-cm. The above ranges are valid at the 95% confidence level.

  10. Proximity effects on the local magnetic moments of clusters V{sub 6}-V{sub 9} embedded in a Fe matrix

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sosa-Hernandez, E.M. [Departamento de Matematicas Aplicadas, Facultad de Contaduria y Administration, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi, Alvaro Obregon 64, 78000 San Luis Potosi, S.L.P. (Mexico); Alvarado-Leyva, P.G. [Departamento de Fisica, Facultad de Ciencias, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis Potosi Alvaro Obregon 64, 78000 San Luis Potosi, S.L.P. (Mexico)]. E-mail: pal@galia.fc.uaslp.mx

    2006-11-09

    The magnetic behavior of clusters V{sub 6}-V{sub 9} in bulk Fe is determined by using an electronic Hamiltonian which includes s, p and d electrons. The spin density distribution is calculated self-consistenly in the unrestricted Hartree-Fock approximation. The local magnetic moments are obtained at V and Fe atoms; the magnetic coupling between Fe and V atoms is antiferromagnetic-like. We consider two cases, the first case correspond to non-interacting clusters, the distance between them is infinity, and the another case, when the clusters are interacting, the separation between them is finite; in the first case, the magnetic order in V{sub 6} is ferromagnetic-like whereas for V{sub 9} the magnetic order is antiferromagnetic-like, in the second case we have found that the magnetic order is not well stablished in V{sub 6}. We have found that the magnetic order in the matrix is not broken by the presence of the V atoms, although the local magnetic moments of Fe atoms at the interface cluster-matrix, are reduced respect to Fe bulk magnetization (2.22{mu} {sub B}) [e.g. {mu} {sub Fe}(5) = 1.98{mu} {sub B} in V{sub 6}; {mu} {sub Fe}(3) 1.89{mu} {sub B} in V{sub 9}].

  11. Magnetic Moments in the Past: developing archaeomagnetic dating in the UK

    Science.gov (United States)

    Outram, Zoe; Batt, Catherine M.; Linford, Paul

    2010-05-01

    Magnetic studies of archaeological materials have a long history of development in the UK and the data produced by these studies is a key component of global models of the geomagnetic field. However, archaeomagnetic dating is not a widely used dating technique in UK archaeology, despite the potential to produce archaeologically significant information that directly relates to human activity. This often means that opportunities to improve our understanding of the past geomagnetic field are lost, because archaeologists are unaware of the potential of the method. This presentation discusses a project by the University of Bradford, UK and English Heritage to demonstrate and communicate the potential of archaeomagnetic dating of archaeological materials for routine use within the UK. The aims of the project were achieved through the production of a website and a database for all current and past archaeomagnetic studies carried out in the UK. The website provides archaeologists with the information required to consider the use of archaeomagnetic dating; including a general introduction to the technique, the features that can be sampled, the precision that can be expected from the dates and how much it costs. In addition, all archaeomagnetic studies carried out in the UK have been collated into a database, allowing similar studies to be identified on the basis of the location of the sites, the archaeological period and type of feature sampled. This clearly demonstrates how effective archaeomagnetic dating has been in different archaeological situations. The locations of the sites have been mapped using Google Earth so that studies carried out in a particular region, or from a specific time period can be easily identified. The database supports the continued development of archaeomagnetic dating in the UK, as the data required to construct the secular variation curves can be extracted easily. This allows the curves to be regularly updated following the production of new

  12. Magnetic Moments of Coulomb Excited $2^{+}_{1}$ States for Radioactive Beams of $^{132,134,136}$Te and $^{138}$Xe Isotopes at REX-ISOLDE

    CERN Multimedia

    Kroell, T; Leske, J

    2002-01-01

    Magnetic moments are an indispensable source of information on the microscopic structure of atomic nuclei. It results from the fundamental difference of the spin $g$ factors of protons and neutrons, in $sign$ and $magnitude$, $\\textit{g}_{s}(\\pi)$ = +5.586 and $g_s(\

  13. The {sup 51}Cr and {sup 90}Sr sources in BOREXINO as tool for neutrino magnetic moment searches

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ianni, A. [L`Aquila Univ. (Italy). Dept. of Physics]|[LNGS, L`Aquila (Italy); Montanino, D. [INFN, Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare, Bari (Italy)]|[Bari Univ. (Italy). Dip. di Fisica

    1998-06-01

    The expected number of events in BOREXINO for {nu}{sub e}({nu}{sup -}{sub e})e{sup -} scattering using both a {sup 51}Cr neutrino source and a {sup 90}Sr-{sup 90}Y antineutrino source with an activity of {approx}2 MCi are presented. The background solar {nu} rates (source-off) are estimated for different scenarios. Then, it`s evaluated the possibility of BOREXINO to detect a small neutrino magnetic moment by means of the above mentioned sources. Sensitivity to 0.5 / 0.6{center_dot}10{sup -10}{mu}{sub B} (90% C.L.) can be reached using the {sup 51}Cr source in less than 100 days of data taking in the signal region T belongs to (0.25, 0.7)MeV, where T=recoil energy, while a sensitivity to 0.3{center_dot}10{sup -10}{mu}{sub B} (90% C.L.) can be reached using the {sup 90}Sr antineutrino source in the signal region T belongs to (0.25, 1.0) MeV.

  14. Quantum states of a neutral massive fermion with an anomalous magnetic moment in an Aharonov-Casher field

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khalilov, V. R.

    2017-06-01

    The planar nonrelativistic quantum dynamics of a neutral massive fermion with an anomalous magnetic moment (AMM) in the electric field of infinitely long and thin thread with a charge density distributed uniformly along it (an Aharonov-Casher field) is examined. The relevant Hamiltonian is singular and requires additional specification of a one-parameter self-adjoint extension, which can be given in terms of physically acceptable boundary conditions. We find all possible self-adjoint Hamiltonians with an Aharonov-Casher field (ACF) by constructing the corresponding Hilbert space of square-integrable functions, including the r = 0 region, for all their Hamiltonians. We determine the most relevant physical quantities, such as energy spectrum and wave functions and discuss their correspondence with those obtained by the physical regularization procedure. We show that energy levels of bound states are simple poles of the scattering amplitude. It is shown that the scattering amplitudes and cross-sections depend essentially on the initial-state spin of fermions.

  15. Isomer shift and magnetic moment of the long-lived 1/2$^{+}$ isomer in $^{79}_{30}$Zn$_{49}$: signature of shape coexistence near $^{78}$Ni

    CERN Document Server

    Yang, X.F.; Xie, L.; Babcock, C.; Billowes, J.; Bissell, M.L.; Blaum, K.; Cheal, B.; Flanagan, K.T.; Garcia Ruiz, R. F.; Gins, W.; Gorges, C.; Grob, L.K.; Heylen, H.; Kaufmann, S.; Kowalska, M.; Kraemer, J.; Malbrunot-Ettenauer, S.; Neugart, R.; Neyens, G.; Nörtershäuser, W.; Papuga, J.; Sánchez, R.; Yordanov, D.T.

    2016-01-01

    Collinear laser spectroscopy has been performed on the $^{79}_{30}$Zn$_{49}$ isotope at ISOLDE-CERN. The existence of a long-lived isomer with a few hundred milliseconds half-life was confirmed, and the nuclear spins and moments of the ground and isomeric states in $^{79}$Zn as well as the isomer shift were measured. From the observed hyperfine structures, spins $I = 9/2$ and $I = 1/2$ are firmly assigned to the ground and isomeric states. The magnetic moment $\\mu$ ($^{79}$Zn) = $-$1.1866(10) $\\mu_{\\rm{N}}$, confirms the spin-parity $9/2^{+}$ with a $\

  16. Bulk Combinatorial Synthesis and High Throughput Characterization for Rapid Assessment of Magnetic Materials: Application of Laser Engineered Net Shaping (LENS™)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geng, J.; Nlebedim, I. C.; Besser, M. F.; Simsek, E.; Ott, R. T.

    2016-07-01

    A bulk combinatorial approach for synthesizing alloy libraries using laser engineered net shaping (LENS™; i.e., 3D printing) was utilized to rapidly assess material systems for magnetic applications. The LENS™ system feeds powders in different ratios into a melt pool created by a laser to synthesize samples with bulk (millimeters) dimensions. By analyzing these libraries with autosampler differential scanning calorimeter/thermal gravimetric analysis and vibrating sample magnetometry, we are able to rapidly characterize the thermodynamic and magnetic properties of the libraries. The Fe-Co binary alloy was used as a model system and the results were compared with data in the literature.

  17. Structural Origin of the Anomalous Temperature Dependence of the Local Magnetic Moments in the CaFe2As2 Family of Materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortenzi, L.; Gretarsson, H.; Kasahara, S.; Matsuda, Y.; Shibauchi, T.; Finkelstein, K. D.; Wu, W.; Julian, S. R.; Kim, Young-June; Mazin, I. I.; Boeri, L.

    2015-01-01

    We report a combination of Fe K β x-ray emission spectroscopy and density functional reduced Stoner theory calculations to investigate the correlation between structural and magnetic degrees of freedom in CaFe2(As1-xPx) 2 . The puzzling temperature behavior of the local moment found in rare earth-doped CaFe2As2 [H. Gretarsson et al., Phys. Rev. Lett. 110, 047003 (2013)] is also observed in CaFe2(As1-xPx) 2 . We explain this phenomenon based on first-principles calculations with scaled magnetic interaction. One scaling parameter is sufficient to describe quantitatively the magnetic moments in both CaFe2(As1-xPx) 2 (x =0.055 ) and Ca0.78La0.22Fe2As2 at all temperatures. The anomalous growth of the local moments with increasing temperature can be understood from the observed large thermal expansion of the c -axis lattice parameter combined with strong magnetoelastic coupling. These effects originate from the strong tendency to form As-As dimers across the Ca layer in the CaFe2As2 family of materials. Our results emphasize the dual local-itinerant character of magnetism in Fe pnictides.

  18. Informatics Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Kate

    2012-01-01

    The informatics moment is the moment when a person seeks help in using some digital technology that is new to him or her. This article examines the informatics moment in people's everyday lives as they sought help at a branch public library. Four types of literacy were involved: basic literacy (reading and writing), computer literacy (use of a…

  19. Relativistic quark-diquark model of baryons with a spin-isospin transition interaction: Non-strange baryon spectrum and nucleon magnetic moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sanctis, M. de [Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogota (Colombia); Ferretti, J. [Universita La Sapienza, Dipartimento di Fisica, Roma (Italy); INFN, Roma (Italy); Santopinto, E.; Vassallo, A. [INFN, Sezione di Genova, Genova (Italy)

    2016-05-15

    The relativistic interacting quark-diquark model of baryons, recently developed, is here extended introducing in the mass operator a spin-isospin transition interaction. This refined version of the model is used to calculate the non-strange baryon spectrum. The results are compared to the present experimental data. A preliminary calculation of the magnetic moments of the proton and neutron is also presented. (orig.)

  20. Auto-context Convolutional Neural Network (Auto-Net) for Brain Extraction in Magnetic Resonance Imaging.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salehi, Seyed Sadegh Mohseni; Erdogmus, Deniz; Gholipour, Ali

    2017-06-28

    Brain extraction or whole brain segmentation is an important first step in many of the neuroimage analysis pipelines. The accuracy and robustness of brain extraction, therefore, is crucial for the accuracy of the entire brain analysis process. State-of-the-art brain extraction techniques rely heavily on the accuracy of alignment or registration between brain atlases and query brain anatomy, and/or make assumptions about the image geometry; therefore have limited success when these assumptions do not hold or image registration fails. With the aim of designing an accurate, learning-based, geometry-independent and registration-free brain extraction tool in this study, we present a technique based on an auto-context convolutional neural network (CNN), in which intrinsic local and global image features are learned through 2D patches of different window sizes. We consider two different architectures: 1) a voxelwise approach based on three parallel 2D convolutional pathways for three different directions (axial, coronal, and sagittal) that implicitly learn 3D image information without the need for computationally expensive 3D convolutions, and 2) a fully convolutional network based on the U-net architecture. Posterior probability maps generated by the networks are used iteratively as context information along with the original image patches to learn the local shape and connectedness of the brain to extract it from non-brain tissue. The brain extraction results we have obtained from our CNNs are superior to the recently reported results in the literature on two publicly available benchmark datasets, namely LPBA40 and OASIS, in which we obtained Dice overlap coefficients of 97.73% and 97.62%, respectively. Significant improvement was achieved via our auto-context algorithm. Furthermore, we evaluated the performance of our algorithm in the challenging problem of extracting arbitrarily-oriented fetal brains in reconstructed fetal brain magnetic resonance imaging (MRI

  1. Magnetic moments of $^{68}$Cu$^{g,m}$ and $^{70}$Cu$^{g,m_{1},m_{2}}$ nuclei measured by in-source laser spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Weissman, L; Catherall, R; Franchoo, S; Georg, U; Jonsson, O; Fedosseev, V; Mishin, V I; Seliverstov, D M; Van Roosbroeck, J; Gheysen, S; Huyse, M; Kruglov, K; Neyens, G; Van Duppen, P

    2002-01-01

    We have obtained information on the atomic hyperfine splitting and, hence, on magnetic moments in neutron rich $^{68, 70}$Cu isotopes by scanning the frequency of the narrow-band laser of the first excitation step in the resonance ionization laser ion source. The deduced magnetic moments are $\\mu( ^{68}$Cu$^{g}$, I$^{\\pi}$ = 1$^+$) = +2.48(2)(7)$\\mu_{N}$ ; $\\mu(^{68}$Cu$^{m}$, I$^{\\pi}$=6$^{-}$) = +1.24(4)(6)$\\mu_{N}$ and $\\mu(^{70}$Cu$^{m_{2}}$, I$^{\\pi}$=1$^{+}$) = +1.86(4)(6)$\\mu_{N}$ ; $\\mu(^{70}$Cu$^{g}$, I$^{\\pi}$=6$^{-}$) = +1.50(7)(8)$\\mu_{N}$. The results of the scans analysis point out on existence of a new isomer in $^{70}$Cu$^{m_{1}}$. It's deduced magnetic moment is (-)3.50(7)(11)$\\mu_{N}$ that is in a good agreement with I$^{\\pi}$=3$^{-}$ assignment. The method of in-source atomic spectroscopy, as well as the analysis of the obtained data, is described. The results are discussed in terms of single-particle configurations coupled to the $^{68}$Ni core.

  2. Largest Magnetic Moments in the Half-Heusler Alloys XCrZ (X = Li, K, Rb, Cs; Z = S, Se, Te: A First-Principles Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaotian Wang

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available A recent theoretical work indicates that intermetallic materials LiMnZ (Z = N, P with a half-Heusler structure exhibit half-metallic (HM behaviors at their strained lattice constants, and the magnetic moments of these alloys are expected to reach as high as 5 μB per formula unit. (Damewood et al. Phys. Rev. B 2015, 91, 064409. This work inspired us to find new Heusler-based half-metals with the largest magnetic moment. With the help of the first-principles calculation, we reveal that XCrZ (X = K, Rb, Cs; Z = S, Se, Te alloys show a robust, half-metallic nature with a large magnetic moment of 5 μB at their equilibrium and strained lattice constants in their most stable phases, while the excellent HM nature of LiCrZ (Z = S, Se, Te alloys can be observed in one of their metastable phases. Moreover, the effects of uniform strain in LiCrZ (Z = S, Se, Te alloys in type II arrangement have also been discussed.

  3. Advanced UXO Detection and Discrimination Using Magnetic Data Based on Extended Euler Deconvolution and Shape Identification Through Multipole Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-01

    UXO (dark circles) along the south flank of the larger magnetic anomaly associated with the volcanic dyke. The second image (b) is the magnetic ...In Figure 6.5(a), the large magnetic anomaly prevalent in the image is the magnetic response of a subsurface volcanic dyke with high magnetic ...treats the UXO anomalies as the residual after removing the higher wavelength monopolar magnetic structure associated with the volcanic dyke. The

  4. Earthquake scaling characteristics and the scale-(in)dependence of seismic energy-to-moment ratio: Insights from KiK-net data in Japan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oth, Adrien; Bindi, Dino; Parolai, Stefano; Di Giacomo, Domenico

    2010-10-01

    We investigate earthquake source characteristics and scaling properties using the results of a spectral inversion of more than 29,000 accelerometric borehole recordings from 1,826 earthquakes (MJMA 2.7-8) throughout Japan. We find that the calculated source spectra can be well characterized by the omega-square model and show on average self-similar scaling over the entire magnitude range, with median stress drops of 1.1 and 9.2 MPa for crustal and subcrustal events, respectively. The seismic energy-to-moment ratio, as theoretically expected if the omega-square model is valid, shows a strong dependency on stress drop only, which, in conjunction with data selection practice in some studies to cope with limited recording bandwidth, can explain the often observed apparent scale-dependence. Our observations suggest that there is no significant deviation from similarity of the energy radiation in the investigated magnitude range and that the observed scatter is mainly related to the scatter in stress drop.

  5. Linear magnetoelectric effect by orbital magnetism.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaramucci, A; Bousquet, E; Fechner, M; Mostovoy, M; Spaldin, N A

    2012-11-09

    We use symmetry analysis and first-principles calculations to show that the linear magnetoelectric effect can originate from the response of orbital magnetic moments to the polar distortions induced by an applied electric field. Using LiFePO(4) as a model compound we show that spin-orbit coupling partially lifts the quenching of the 3d orbitals and causes small orbital magnetic moments (μ((L)) ≈ 0.3 μ(B)) parallel to the spins of the Fe(2+) ions. An applied electric field E modifies the size of these orbital magnetic moments inducing a net magnetization linear in E.

  6. Linear Magnetoelectric Effect by Orbital Magnetism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scaramucci, Andrea; Bousquet, Eric; Fechner, Michael; Mostovoy, Maxim; Spaldin, Nicola

    2013-03-01

    The linear magnetoelectric effect is the linear induction of a static magnetization (electric polarization) by an applied static electric (magnetic) field. Using symmetry analysis and ab initio calculations we show that, in addition to mechanisms involving magnetic moments of spins, such an effect can originate from the response of orbital magnetic moment to polar distortions induced by an applied electric field. Considering LiFePO4 as model compound, we show that spin-orbit coupling partially lifts the quenching of 3d orbitals and causes small orbital magnetic moments at the magnetic ions sites. An applied electric field modifies the sizes of these orbital magnetic moments and results in a net magnetization. Furthermore, we discuss the link between this mechanism and the electric field dependence of magnetocrystalline anisotropy.

  7. Private Moments

    OpenAIRE

    Paul R. Reed; Carol J. Cumber

    2000-01-01

    In October, 1996 Private Moments, an adult novelty store, opened for business in Huntsville, Texas. Huntsville had no ordinances in place to prevent the opening of this type of business. In fact, the local Small Business Development Center provided guidance and assistance to Edward Delagarza, the founder and owner of Private Moments. Many of the Huntsville citizens, unhappy with the opening of Private Moments, approached the City Council requesting that it be closed immediately and asked for ...

  8. The New (g-2) Experiment: A proposal to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment to +-0.14 ppm precision

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carey, R. M.; Lynch, K. R.; Miller, J. P.; Roberts, B. L.; Morse, W. M.; Semertzides, Y. K.; Druzhinin, V. P.; Khazin, B. I.; Koop, I. A.; Logashenko, I. [et al.; Redin, S. I.

    2009-02-01

    We propose to measure the muon anomalous magnetic moment, a{sub {mu}}, to 0.14 ppm-a fourfold improvement over the 0.54 ppm precision obtained in the BNL experiment E821. The muon anomaly is a fundamental quantity and its precise determination will have lasting value. The current measurement was statistics limited, suggesting that greater precision can be obtained in a higher-rate, next-generation experiment. We outline a plan to use the unique FNAL complex of proton accelerators and rings to produce high-intensity bunches of muons, which will be directed into the relocated BNL muon storage ring. The physics goal of our experiment is a precision on the muon anomaly of 16 x 10{sup -11}, which will require 21 times the statistics of the BNL measurement, as well a factor of 3 reduction in the overall systematic error. Our goal is well matched to anticipated advances in the worldwide effort to determine the standard model (SM) value of the anomaly. The present comparison, {Delta}a{sub {mu}} (Expt: -SM) = (295 {+-} 81) x 10{sup -11}, is already suggestive of possible new physics contributions to the muon anomaly. Assuming that the current theory error of 51 x 10{sup -11} is reduced to 30 x 10{sup -11} on the time scale of the completion of our experiment, a future {Delta}a{sub {mu}} comparison would have a combined uncertainty of {approx} 34 x 10{sup -11}, which will be a sensitive and complementary benchmark for proposed standard model extensions. The experimental data will also be used to improve the muon EDM limit by up to a factor of 100 and make a higher-precision test of Lorentz and CPT violation. We describe in this Proposal why the FNAL complex provides a uniquely ideal facility for a next-generation (g-2) experiment. The experiment is compatible with the fixed-target neutrino program; indeed, it requires only the unused Booster batch cycles and can acquire the desired statistics in less than two years of running. The proton beam preparations are largely aligned

  9. The structure and magnetic moment distribution in the antiferromagnetic phase of U sub 1 sub 4 Au sub 5 sub 1

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, P J; Neumann, K U; Smith, J G; Ziebeck, K R A

    1997-01-01

    The antiferromagnetic structure of the intermetallic compound U sub 1 sub 4 Au sub 5 sub 1 has been determined from neutron polarimetric measurements and refined by combining these data with integrated intensity measurements. The structure was found to be non-collinear with the U moments confined to the a-b plane. The moments of U atoms in each of the two sets of sixfold sites are arranged hexagonally with rotations of 60 deg. between them and the two sets are rotated with respect to one another by 50 deg. The third (twofold) set of U atoms has no ordered moment. These conclusions are in disagreement with a previous determination of the structure from powder data which gave a collinear structure with moments parallel to the c axis. Magnetization measurements made on single crystals in the temperature range 300-2 K can be understood in terms of a transition to a non-collinear easy plane antiferromagnetic structure stable below 22 K. Polarized neutron measurements have been used to determine the contribution of...

  10. Theoretic 3-D study of the high-frequency magnetic moment dynamics in thin ferromagnetic films with in-plane uniaxial anisotropy by considering eddy-current generation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seemann, K., E-mail: klaus.seemann@kit.edu [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT (Campus North), Institute for Applied Materials, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany); Leiste, H.; Krueger, K. [Karlsruhe Institute of Technology KIT (Campus North), Institute for Applied Materials, Hermann-von-Helmholtz-Platz 1, 76344 Eggenstein-Leopoldshafen (Germany)

    2012-06-15

    In the present paper, theoretic investigations of polarisation vector precession trajectories represented by a macro spin in ferromagnetic films with in-plane uniaxial anisotropy were realised. For this purpose, the Landau-Lifschitz-Gilbert differential equation (LLG) in combination with the Maxwell equations were solved for three dimensions by considering a linear progression of the magnetisation or polarisation with an external field. The frequency and time dependent polarisation trajectories illustrate how a magnetic moment precesses if effective damping and eddy-currents impacts its motion. For computation, typical parameter values like the saturation polarisation J{sub s}={mu}{sub 0}{center_dot}M{sub s}=1.4 T and in-plane uniaxial anisotropy {mu}{sub 0}{center_dot}H{sub u}=4.5 mT were employed. The main focus of simulation was on the variation of the effective damping parameter {alpha}{sub eff} between 0.01 and 0.05 and ferromagnetic film thickness t{sub m} between 200 nm and 1200 nm. The frequency-dependent calculations were carried out between 50 MHz and 6 GHz. The time-dependent simulations were done for a duration between 5 and 30 ns. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Frequency- and time domain solution of the LLG and Maxwell differential equation. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer 3D magnetic moment or macro spin trajectories by eddy-current impact. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Progression of a magnetic excitation field in thin ferromagnetic films. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Transient response evaluation of uniform magnetic moments excited by an r.f. field.

  11. Construction of a stable and homogeneous magnetic field at 10 milligauss for neutron electric dipole moment measurements: preparatory phase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gravador, E.; Yoshiki, Hajime; Feizeng, H. [Ibaraki Univ., Mito (Japan)

    1996-08-01

    A superthermal UCN edm measuring machine is currently under construction at KEK. It utilizes a magnetically shielded superconducting solenoid at liquid helium temperature to generate a stable and homogeneous magnetic field at 10 milligauss. The design of the magnetic shield and solenoid and preliminary evaluation of shielding effectiveness is presented. (author)

  12. Magnetic moment directions and distributions of cations in Cr (Co substituted spinel ferrites Ni0.7Fe2.3O4

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L. C. Xue

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Powder samples of the spinel ferrites MxNi0.7−xFe2.3O4 (M = Cr, Co and 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 and CrxNi0.7Fe2.3−xO4 (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3 were synthesized using the chemical co-precipitation method. The XRD spectra confirmed that the samples had a single-phase cubic spinel structure. Magnetic measurements showed that the magnetic moments (μexp per formula both at 10 K and 300 K increased with Co substitution, while the values of μexp decreased with Cr substitution. Applying the assumption that the magnetic moments of Cr2+ and Cr3+ lie antiparallel to those of the divalent and trivalent Fe, Co, and Ni cations in the same sublattice of spinel ferrites, these interesting behaviors could be easily interpreted. The cation distributions of the three series of samples were estimated successfully by fitting the dependences of μexp, measured at 10 K, on the doping level x, using a quantum-mechanical potential barrier model earlier proposed by our group. The results obtained for the Cr cation distributions at the (A and [B] sites are very close to those obtained elsewhere using neutron diffraction.

  13. Collapse of the magnetic moment under pressure of AFe{sub 2} (A=Y, Zr, Lu and Hf) in the cubic Laves phase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, Wenxu, E-mail: xwzhang@uestc.edu.cn; Zhang, Wanli

    2016-04-15

    The electronic structures of four Laves phase iron compounds (e.g. YFe{sub 2}, ZrFe{sub 2}, LuFe{sub 2} and HfFe{sub 2}) have been calculated with a state-of-the-art full potential electronic structure code. Our theoretical work predicted that the magnetic moments collapse under hydrostatic pressure. This feature is found to be universal in these materials. Its electronic origin is provided by the sharp peaks in the density of states near the Fermi level. It is shown that a first order quantum phase transition can be expected under pressure in Y(Zr, or Lu)Fe{sub 2}, while a second order one in HfFe{sub 2}. The bonding characteristics are discussed to elucidate the equilibrium lattice constant variation. The large spontaneous volume magnetostriction gives one of the most important characteristics of these compounds. Invar anomalies in these compounds can be partly explained by the current work when the fast continuous magnetic moment decrease with the decrease of the lattice constant was properly considered. This work may be as a first insight into the rich world of quantum phase transition and Invar mechanism in these Laves phase compounds. - Highlights: • Magnetic moment of YFe{sub 2}, ZrFe{sub 2}, LuFe{sub 2} and HfFe{sub 2} collapses under pressure. • The transition in Y(Zr or Lu) Fe{sub 2} under pressure is first order. • The transition in HfFe{sub 2} under pressure is second order. • The Invar effects in the compounds can be put into the magnetostriction model.

  14. Leading-order hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from N_f=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Florian [Humboldt U. Berlin; Feng, Xu [KEK; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt U. Berlin; Jansen, Karl [DESY; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute; Renner, Dru B. [JLAB

    2013-11-01

    We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.

  15. Leading-order hadronic contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon from N{sub f}=2+1+1 twisted mass fermions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Burger, Florian; Hotzel, Grit [Humboldt-Universitaet, Berlin (Germany). Inst. fuer Physik; Feng, Xu [High Energy Accelerator Research Organization (KEK), Tsukuba, Ibaraki (Japan); Jansen, Karl [Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron (DESY), Zeuthen (Germany). John von Neumann-Inst. fuer Computing NIC; Petschlies, Marcus [The Cyprus Institute, Nicosia (Cyprus); Renner, Dru B. [Jefferson Lab, Newport News, VA (United States)

    2013-12-15

    We present results for the leading order QCD correction to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon including the first two generations of quarks as dynamical degrees of freedom. Several light quark masses are examined in order to yield a controlled extrapolation to the physical pion mass. We analyse ensembles for three different lattice spacings and several volumes in order to investigate lattice artefacts and finite-size effects, respectively. We also provide preliminary results for this quantity for two flavours of mass-degenerate quarks at the physical value of the pion mass.

  16. Sustained Magnetorotational Turbulence in Local Simulations of Stratified Disks with Zero Net Magnetic Flux

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    W. Davis, S.; M. Stone, J.; Pessah, Martin Elias

    2010-01-01

    We examine the effects of density stratification on magnetohydrodynamic turbulence driven by the magnetorotational instability in local simulations that adopt the shearing box approximation. Our primary result is that, even in the absence of explicit dissipation, the addition of vertical gravity...... leads to convergence in the turbulent energy densities and stresses as the resolution increases, contrary to results for zero net flux, unstratified boxes. The ratio of total stress to midplane pressure has a mean of ~0.01, although there can be significant fluctuations on long (>~50 orbit) timescales...

  17. Nuclear ground-state spin of $^{185}$Au and magnetic moments of $^{187, 188}$Au Further evidence for coexisting nuclear shapes in this mass region

    CERN Document Server

    Ekström, C; Ragnarsson, I; Robertsson, L; Wannberg, G

    1980-01-01

    Hyperfine structure measurements have been performed in some neutron- deficient gold isotopes, using online atomic-beam magnetic resonance (ABMR) techniques at the ISOLDE facility, CERN. The following results have been obtained: /sup 185/Au, I=/sup 5///sub 2/; /sup 187/Au, Delta nu =44.35(60) GHz, mu =0.72(7) nm and /sup 188/Au, Delta nu =+or-2992 (30) MHz. The influence of the hyperfine anomaly was discussed. With due regard to this effect, the magnetic moments of /sup 188/Au may be given as mu =+or-0.07(3) nm. The experimental data were compared with the results from calculations based on the particle-asymmetric rotor model. Strong evidence for coexisting nuclear shapes in /sup 185/Au and for a much larger ground-state deformation in /sup 185/Au than in /sup 187/Au was presented. (43 refs).

  18. Prototyping Energy Efficient Thermo-Magnetic & Induction Hardening for Heat Treat & Net Shape Forming Applications

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aquil Ahmad

    2012-08-03

    Within this project, Eaton undertook the task of bringing about significant impact with respect to sustainability. One of the major goals for the Department of Energy is to achieve energy savings with a corresponding reduction in carbon foot print. The use of a coupled induction heat treatment with high magnetic field heat treatment makes possible not only improved performance alloys, but with faster processing times and lower processing energy, as well. With this technology, substitution of lower cost alloys for more exotic alloys became a possibility; microstructure could be tailored for improved magnetic properties or wear resistance or mechanical performance, as needed. A prototype commercial unit has been developed to conduct processing of materials. Testing of this equipment has been conducted and results demonstrate the feasibility for industrial commercialization.

  19. Restoring the Co Magnetic Moments at Interfacial Co-Porphyrin Arrays by Site-Selective Uptake of Iron

    OpenAIRE

    Vijayaraghavan, Saranyan; Auwärter, Willi; Ecija, David; Seufert, Knud; Rusponi, Stefano; Houwaart, Torsten; Sautet, Philippe; Bocquet, Marie-Laure; Thakur, Pardeep; Stepanow, Sebastian; Schlickum, Uta; Etzkorn, Markus; Brune, Harald; Barth, Johannes V.

    2015-01-01

    Magnetochemistry recently emerged as a promising approach to control addressable spin arrays on surfaces. Here we report on the binding, spatial ordering, and magnetic properties of Fe on a highly regular Co-tetraphenylporphyrin (Co-TPP) template and highlight how the Fe controls the magnetism of the Co centers. As evidenced by scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) single Fe atoms attach to the saddle-shape conformers site-selectively in a unique coordination environment offered through a hepta...

  20. Magnetic dipolar ordering and hysteresis of geometrically defined nanoparticle clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kure, Mathias; Beleggia, Marco; Frandsen, Cathrine

    2017-10-01

    Magnetic nanoparticle clusters have several biomedical and engineering applications, and revealing the basic interplay between particle configuration and magnetic properties is important for tuning the clusters for specific uses. Here, we consider the nanoparticles as macrospins and use computer simulations to determine their magnetic configuration when placed at the vertices of various polyhedra. We find that magnetic dipoles of equal magnitude arrange in flux-closed vortices on a layer basis, giving the structures a null remanent magnetic moment. Assigning a toroidal moment to each layer, we find that the geometrical arrangement, i.e., "triangular packing" vs. "square packing," of the moments in the adjacent layer determines whether the flux-closed layers are ferrotoroidal (co-rotating vortices) or antiferrotoroidal (counter-rotating vortices). Interestingly, upon adding a single magnetic moment at the center of the polyhedra, the central moment relaxes along one of the principal axes and induces partial alignment of the surrounding moments. The resulting net moment is up to nearly four times that of the single moment added. Furthermore, we model quasi-static hysteresis loops for structures with and without a central moment. We find that a central moment ensures an opening of the hysteresis loop, and the resultant loop areas are typically many-fold larger compared to the same structure without a central moment.

  1. Temperature moments vs poison moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Staebler, U.M.

    1947-05-19

    The excess reactivity available in an operating pile is absorbed in poison columns and horizontal rods. The temperature distribution of the pile is determined by the relative strengths and locations of the poison columns and the configuration of control rods used. A method for adjusting poison columns and rods to improve upon the pile`s temperature distribution is given in Document {number_sign}7-2654, ``Procedure for Improving Temperature Distribution via Rods and Columns,`` Wheeler and Menegus to Jordan, September 9, 1945. A relationship between poison moment (inhour lattice units) and temperature moments (per coat) was theoretically derived in the above document and has since been measured on several occasions on the basis of operating experience. A survey of recent operating data for the F Pile has been made by H. A. Gauper, Jr. with the intent of improving the method for obtaining the temperature and poison moments and relating changes in the two. This study was concerned with only the horizontal and vertical dipole moments. The results of Mr. Gauper`s investigation are summarized in this memorandum.

  2. A measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the. delta. /sup + +/(1232) from the bremsstrahlung process. pi. p. -->. pi. p. gamma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Meyer, C.A.

    1987-06-01

    We have measured the cross section from the bremsstrahlung process ..pi../sup +/p ..-->.. ..pi../sup +/p..gamma.. for incident pions of energy 299 MeV. We detected the out going pion in the angular range from 55 to 95/sup 0/ in the lab, and photons were detected near 240/sup 0/ in the lab. We compare this measured cross-section to the MIT theory in order to extract a measurement of the magnetic dipole moment of the ..delta../sup + +/(1232), ..mu../sub ..delta../. In order to compare our results with the MIT theory, we have folded the MIT theory into the acceptance of our apparatus. We find that for pion angles between 55 and 75/sup 0/ the theory gives us a dipole moment of: 2.3..mu../sub p/ < ..mu../sub ..delta../ < 3.3..mu../sup p/ where the quoted error arises from an experimental uncertainty of +-0.25..mu../sub p/ and from theoretical uncertainties of +-0.25 ..mu../sub p/. However, for pion angles between 75 and 95/sup 0/ we find that the MIT theory predicts a cross-section which is larger than our measured cross-section, and makes it difficult to extract a value of ..mu../sub ..delta../. This over prediction is not understood, but consistent with a similar effect when the MIT theory is fit to previous data. 78 figs., 29 tabs.

  3. The change of the LMM auger spectra in 3d-metals due to oxidation and its correlation with the change of the atomic magnetic moment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheltysheva, Olga R; Surnin, Dmitry V; Guy, Dmitry E; Gil'mutdinov, Faat Z; Ruts, Yuri V; Grebennikov, Vladimir I

    2005-12-01

    The surfaces of crystalline samples of 3d-metals (Mn, Fe, Co, Ni, and Cu) and their stoichiometric oxides have been studied by Auger spectroscopy. A correlation between the change in the LVV (L-inner level-valence-valence electron transition) Auger intensities and the change of the squares of the corresponding atomic-magnetic moments has been observed. This is because of the complicated nature of the Auger process. That is, the Auger electron emission is a result of the inner atomic level excitation by electron impact and Auger annihilation of the inner-level hole. Therefore, the Auger process has been considered a second-order process, and spin polarization of the valence states has been taken into account for the LMM (L-inner level-M-inner level-M-inner level electron transition) Auger spectra of 3d-metals.

  4. Non-perturbative relativistic guiding center transformation: exact magnetic moment and the gyro-phase proposed as the Kaluza-Klein 5^th dimension

    CERN Document Server

    Di Troia, Claudio

    2016-01-01

    The non perturbative guiding center transformation [Di Troia C., Phys. Plasmas 22, 042103 (2015)] is extended to the relativistic regime. The single particle dynamic is described in the Minkowski flat space-time. The main solutions are obtained in covariant form: the gyrating particle solutions and the guiding particle solution, both in gyro-kinetic as in MHD orderings. It is shown the relevance of the ideal Ohm's law in the context of the guiding center transformation. Moreover, it is also considered the presence of a gravitational field. The way to introduce the gravitational field is original and based on the Einstein conjecture on the feasibility to extend the general relativity theory to include electromagnetism. In gyro-kinetic theory, some interesting novelties appear in a natural way, such as the exactness of the conservation of magnetic moment, or the fact that the gyro-phase is treated as the non observable fifth dimension of the Kaluza-Klein model.

  5. Hadron production in e+e- annihilation at BABAR, and implication for the muon anomalous magnetic moment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Porter, Frank C. [Caltech, Pasadena, CA (United States). Physics Dept.

    2015-04-29

    The BABAR collaboration has an extensive program of studying hadronic cross sections in low-energy e+e- collisions, accessible via initial-state radiation. Our measurements allow significant improvements in the precision of the predicted value of the muon anomalous magnetic moment. These improvements are necessary for illuminating the current 3.6 sigma difference between the predicted and the experimental values. We have published results on a number of processes with two to six hadrons in the final state. We report here the results of recent studies with final states that constitute the main contribution to the hadronic cross section in the energy region between 1 and 3 GeV, as e+e- → K+K-, π+π-, and e+e- → 4 hadrons

  6. Measurements of lifetimes and magnetic moments of 2{sup +} states in the even stable Sn isotopes {sup 112,114,116}Sn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, Jennifer; Jungclaus, Andrea; Modamio, Victor [Universidad Autonoma de Madrid (Spain); Leske, Joerg; Alikhai, Babak [TU Darmstadt (Germany); Pietri, Stephane [University of Surrey (United Kingdom); Speidel, Karl-Heinz [Universitaet Bonn (Germany); Doornenbal, Pieter; Gerl, Juergen; Goel, Namita; Kojouharov, Ivan; Prokopowicz, Wawcek; Schaffner, Henning; Wollersheim, Hans-Juergen [GSI, Darmstadt (Germany); Cederkall, Joakim; Ekstroem, Andreas [University of Lund (Sweden); Gernhaeuser, Roman; Maier-Komor, Peter [TU Muenchen (Germany); Schwengner, Ronald [FZ Rossendorf (Germany)

    2008-07-01

    Recently, an unexpected behaviour of B(E2;0{sup +}{yields}2{sup +}) transition strengths in the Sn isotopic chain has been established in a series of experiments. Coulomb excitation measurements on radioactive neutron-deficient {sup 106-110}Sn as well as stable {sup 112,114}Sn beams have shown an excess of transition strength in these isotopes in which the lower half of the N=50-82 neutron shell is filled. To gain more experimental information about the origin of this behaviour we have measured the magnetic moments and lifetimes of the 2{sup +} states in the stable isotopes {sup 112,114,116}Sn using the transient field technique in combination with Coulomb excitation in inverse kinematics. Isotopically pure Sn beams were provided by the UNILAC of GSI and the {gamma}-rays detected in four EUROBALL cluster detectors in coincidence with recoiling carbon ions registered in an array of four Si pin diodes.

  7. Structures, stability, magnetic moments and growth strategies of the Fe{sub n}N (n = 1–7) clusters: All-electron density functional theory calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li, Zhi, E-mail: lizhi81723700@163.com [School of Materials and Metallurgy, University of Science and Technology Liaoning, Anshan, 114051 (China); Zhao, Zhen [School of Chemistry and Life Science, Anshan Normal University, Anshan, 114007 (China)

    2017-02-01

    The geometries, electronic properties, magnetic moments and growth strategies of the Fe{sub n}N (n = 1–7) clusters are investigated using all-electron density functional theory. The results show that N doping significantly distorts the Fe{sub n} clusters. Fe{sub 4}N and Fe{sub 6}N clusters are more stable structures than other considered Fe{sub n}N clusters. Local peaks of HOMO-LUMO gap curve are found at n = 3, 7, implying that the chemical stability of the Fe{sub 3}N and Fe{sub 7}N clusters is higher. Fe{sub 2}N, Fe{sub 4}N and Fe{sub 6}N clusters have larger magnetic moments compared to other considered Fe{sub n}N (n = 1–7) clusters. It can be seen that the Fe{sub 5} clusters are easier to adsorb a Fe atom while the Fe{sub 4} clusters are easier to adsorb a N atom. The considered Fe{sub m}N clusters prefer to adsorb a Fe atom and larger Fe{sub m}N clusters are easier to grow. - Highlights: • The structural stability of the Fe{sub 4}N and Fe{sub 6}N clusters is higher. • The chemical stability of the Fe{sub 3}N and Fe{sub 7}N clusters is higher. • Fe{sub 5} clusters are easier to adsorb a Fe atom while Fe{sub 4} clusters are easier to adsorb a N atom. • Fe{sub n}N clusters prefer to adsorb a Fe atom.

  8. The Application of CPA to Calculations of the Mean Magnetic Moment in the Gd1-xNi, Gd1-xFe, Gd1xCox, and Y1-xCox Intermetallic Compounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Szpunar, B.; Kozarzewski, B.

    1977-01-01

    with a narrow d-band is considered. The magnetic moment of the alloy at zero temperature is calculated within the molecular field and Hartree-Fock approximations. Disorder is treated in the coherent potential approximation. Results are in good agreement with the experimental data obtained for the crystalline......Calculations are made of the mean magnetic moment per atom of the transition metal and the rare-earth metal in the intermetallic compounds, Gd1-x,Nix, Gd1-x Fex, Gd1-x Cox, and Y1-x Cox. A simple model of the disordered alloy consisting of spins localized on the rare-earth atoms and interacting...

  9. Collaborative Moments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hastrup, Kirsten Blinkenberg

    2017-01-01

    as an experiment in real time, where insights gained intersubjectively gradually shape up as knowledge through analysis. This line of thought is brought to bear on a discussion of collaboration between anthropologists, archaeologists, and biologists in North West Greenland. Through actual experiences from...... the field, this article shows how knowledge generated on the edge of one’s familiar disciplinary territory may both expand and intensify the anthropological field. Collaborative moments are seen to make new anthropological insights emerge through the co-presence of several analytical perspectives...

  10. Finite-temperature magnetism of Ni monolayers: Interplay between flips and amplitude fluctuations of the local moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Garibay-Alonso, R.; Dorantes-Dávila, J.; Pastor, G. M.

    2012-06-01

    The temperature dependence of the magnetization and spin fluctuation energies in Ni bulk and monolayers are determined in the framework of a functional-integral itinerant-electron theory. The electronic structure is obtained in the static approximation from a realistic spd-band model by using a real-space recursive expansion of the local Green's functions. The statistical averages of the spin fluctuations are performed by treating disorder within the coherent potential approximation. Results for the magnetization M(T) and spin fluctuation energies of (001) fcc monolayers are presented for several values of the nearest-neighbor distance. Local environmental effects are discussed by comparison with bulk results. An interesting transition from simple spin flips to amplitude fluctuations of the local exchange fields is revealed as a function of dimensionality and bond length. Important qualitative differences in the spin fluctuation energies of Ni are observed as compared to Fe, which reflect different mechanisms of the dominant spin excitations in these itinerant-electron ferromagnets. The effects of sp electrons and sp-d hybridizations are discussed.

  11. Effect of permanent-magnet irregularities in levitation force measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, John R. [Energy Technology Division, Argonne National Laboratory, Argonne, IL 60439 (United States)

    2000-06-01

    In the measurement of the levitation force between a vertically magnetized permanent magnet (PM) and a bulk high-temperature superconductor (HTS), PM domains with horizontal components of magnetization are shown to produce a non-negligible contribution to the levitation force in most systems. Such domains are typically found in all PMs, even in those that exhibit zero net horizontal magnetic moment. Extension of this analysis leads to an HTS analogue of Earnshaw's theorem, in which the vertical stiffness is equal to the sum of the horizontal stiffness at the field-cooling position, independent of the angular distribution of magnetic moments within the PM. (author)

  12. Effect of permanent-magnet irregularities in levitation force measurements.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hull, J. R.

    1999-10-14

    In the measurement of the levitation force between a vertically magnetized permanent magnet (PM) and a bulk high-temperature superconductor (HTS), PM domains with horizontal components of magnetization are shown to produce a nonnegligible contribution to the levitation force in most systems. Such domains are typically found in all PMs, even in those that exhibit zero net horizontal magnetic moment. Extension of this analysis leads to an HTS analog of Earnshaw's theorem, in which at the field-cooling position the vertical stiffness is equal to the sum of the horizontal stiffnesses, independent of angular distribution of magnetic moments within the PM.

  13. A simple but reliable method for measuring 3D Achilles tendon moment arm geometry from a single, static magnetic resonance scan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alexander, C F; Lum, I; Reid, S; Clarke, E; Stannage, K; El-Sallam Abd, A; Herbert, R D; Donnelly, C J

    2017-04-11

    Current methods for measuring in vivo 3D muscle-tendon moment arms generally rely on the acquisition of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) scans at multiple joint angles. However, for patients with musculoskeletal pathologies such as fixed contractures, moving a joint through its full range of motion is not always feasible. The purpose of this research was to develop a simple, but reliable in vivo 3D Achilles tendon moment arm (ATMA) technique from a single static MRI scan. To accomplish this, for nine healthy adults (5 males, 4 females), the geometry of a cylinder was fit to the 3D form of the talus dome, which was used to estimate the talocrural flexion/extension axis, and a fifth-order polynomial fit to the line of action of the Achilles tendon. The single static scan in vivo 3D ATMA estimates were compared to estimates obtained from the same subjects at the same ankle joint angles using a previously validated 3D dynamic MRI based in vivo ATMA measurement technique. The ATMA estimates from the single scan in vivo 3D method (52.5mm±5.6) were in excellent agreement (ICC=0.912) to the validated in vivo 3D method (51.5mm±5.1). These data show reliable in vivo 3D ATMA can be obtained from a single MRI scan for healthy adult populations. The single scan, in vivo 3D ATMA technique provides researchers with a simple, but reliable method for obtaining subject-specific ATMAs for musculoskeletal modelling purposes. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Enhanced moments in bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} on MgO(001)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Snow, R.J.; Bhatkar, H. [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59715 (United States); N' Diaye, A.T.; Arenholz, E. [Advanced Light Source, Lawrence Berkeley Nat. Labs, Berkeley, CA 94720 (United States); Idzerda, Y.U., E-mail: Idzerda@montana.edu [Department of Physics, Montana State University, Bozeman, MT 59715 (United States)

    2016-12-01

    A 40% enhancement of the Co magnetic moment has been found for thin films of bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} grown by molecular beam epitaxy on a 2 nm bcc Fe buffer layer on MgO(001). Although the bcc phase cannot be stabilized in the bulk, we confirm that it is stable as an epitaxial film in the composition range x=0–0.7. Using X-ray absorption spectroscopy and X-ray magnetic circular dichroism, we show that the Co moment is a maximum of 2.38 μ{sub B} at x=0.24, while the net Mn moment remains roughly constant until x=0.24, then drops steadily. Mn is found to align parallel with Co for all ferromagnetic concentrations, up to x=0.7, where the total moment of the film abruptly collapses to zero, most likely due to the onset of the observed structural instability. - Highlights: • Stabilization of bcc Co{sub 1−x}Mn{sub x} films in the composition range of x=0 to 0.7. • Enhancement of Co moment by 40% from pure bcc Co. • Parallel alignment of Mn moment and Co moment. • Measured the elemental moment of Co and Mn as a function of composition.

  15. Theoretic 3-D study of the high-frequency magnetic moment dynamics in thin ferromagnetic films with in-plane uniaxial anisotropy by considering eddy-current generation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seemann, K.; Leiste, H.; Krüger, K.

    2012-06-01

    In the present paper, theoretic investigations of polarisation vector precession trajectories represented by a macro spin in ferromagnetic films with in-plane uniaxial anisotropy were realised. For this purpose, the Landau-Lifschitz-Gilbert differential equation (LLG) in combination with the Maxwell equations were solved for three dimensions by considering a linear progression of the magnetisation or polarisation with an external field. The frequency and time dependent polarisation trajectories illustrate how a magnetic moment precesses if effective damping and eddy-currents impacts its motion. For computation, typical parameter values like the saturation polarisation Js=μ0·Ms=1.4 T and in-plane uniaxial anisotropy μ0·Hu=4.5 mT were employed. The main focus of simulation was on the variation of the effective damping parameter αeff between 0.01 and 0.05 and ferromagnetic film thickness tm between 200 nm and 1200 nm. The frequency-dependent calculations were carried out between 50 MHz and 6 GHz. The time-dependent simulations were done for a duration between 5 and 30 ns.

  16. The Hadronic Contribution to the Muon Anomalous Magnetic Moment and to the Running Electromagnetic Fine Structure Constant at MZ - Overview and Latest Results

    CERN Document Server

    Hoecker, Andreas

    2011-01-01

    Quantum loops induce an anomaly, a_mu, in the magnetic moment of the muon that can be accurately measured. Its Standard Model prediction is limited in precision by contributions from hadronic vacuum polarisation of the photon. The dominant lowest-order hadronic term can be calculated with a combination of experimental cross section data, involving e+e- annihilation to hadrons, and perturbative QCD. These are used to evaluate an energy-squared dispersion integral that strongly emphasises low photon virtualities. The dominant contribution to the integral stems from the two-pion channel that can be measured both in e+e- annihilation and in tau decays. The corresponding e+e- and tau-based predictions of a_mu exhibit deviations by, respectively, 3.6 sigma and 2.4 sigma from experiment, leaving room for a possible interpretation in terms of new physics. This talk reviews the status of the Standard Model prediction with emphasis on the lowest-order hadronic contribution. Also given is the latest result for the runni...

  17. Paul Callaghan luminous moments

    CERN Document Server

    Callaghan, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Acknowledged internationally for his ground-breaking scientific research in the field of magnetic resonance, Sir Paul Callaghan was a scientist and visionary with a rare gift for promoting science to a wide audience. He was named New Zealander of the Year in 2011. His death in early 2012 robbed New Zealand of an inspirational leader. Paul Callaghan: Luminous Moments brings together some of his most significant writing. Whether he describes his childhood in Wanganui, reflects on discovering the beauty of science, sets out New Zealand's future potential or discusses the experience of fa

  18. Enhanced magnetization of CuCr2O4 thin films by substrate-induced strain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iwata, Jodi M.; Chopdekar, Rajesh V.; Wong, Franklin J.; Nelson-Cheeseman, Brittany B.; Arenholz, Elke; Suzuki, Yuri

    2009-04-01

    The first synthesis of epitaxial spinel CuCr2O4 thin films is reported, which exhibit enhanced magnetization in excess of 200% of the accepted bulk value when grown on single-crystal (110) MgAl2O4 substrates. Bulk CuCr2O4 is a ferrimagnetic insulator with a low net magnetic moment of 0.5μB due to its tetragonal unit cell with a c /a ratio of 1.29 and frustrated moment configuration. It is shown that through epitaxial growth and substrate-induced strain, it is possible to enhance the magnetization of these films by reducing the tetragonality of its unit cell which, in turn, effectively decreases magnetic moment frustration allowing for a greater net moment.

  19. Enhanced Magnetization of CuCr2O4 Thin Films by Substrate-Induced Strain

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwata, Jodi M.; Chopdekar, Rajesh V.; Wong, Franklin; Nelson-Cheeseman, Brittany B.; Arenholz, Elke; Suzuki, Yuri

    2008-09-17

    We report the synthesis of epitaxial spinel CuCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} thin films that display enhanced magnetization in excess of 200% of the bulk values when grown on single-crystal (110) MgAl{sub 2}O{sub 4} substrates. Bulk CuCr{sub 2}O{sub 4} is a ferrimagnetic insulator with a net magnetic moment of 0.5 {micro}{sub B} due to its distorted tetragonal unit cell (c/a= 1.29) and frustrated triangular moment configuration. We show that through epitaxial growth and substrate-induced strain, it is possible to tune the magnetic functionality of our films by reducing the tetragonal distortion of the unit cell which effectively decreases the frustration of the magnetic moments allowing for an overall greater net moment.

  20. Temperature dependent electronic structure and magnetism of metallic systems with localized moments. Application on gadolinium; Temperaturabhaengige elektronische Struktur und Magnetismus von metallischen Systemen mit lokalisierten Momenten. Anwendung auf Gadolinium

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santos, C.A.M. dos

    2005-06-24

    This thesis focuses on the theoretical investigation of the temperature dependent electronic and magnetic properties of metallic 4f-systems with localized magnetic moments. The presented theory is based on the Kondo-lattice model, which describes the interaction between a system of 4f-localized magnetic moments and the itinerant conduction band electrons. This interaction is responsible for a remarkable temperature dependence of the electronic structure mainly induced by the subsystem of 4f-localized moments. The many-body problem provoked by the Kondo-lattice model is solved by using a moment conserving Green function technique, which takes care of several special limiting cases. This method reproduces the T=0-exact solvable limiting case of the ferromagnetically saturated semiconductor. The temperature dependent magnetic properties of the 4f-localized subsystem are evaluated by means of a modified Rudermann-Kittel-Kasuya-Yosida (RKKY) type procedure, which together with the solution of the electronic part allows for a self-consistent calculation of all the electronic and magnetic properties of the model. Results of model calculations allow to deduce the conditions for ferromagnetism in dependence of the electron density n, exchange coupling J and temperature T. The self-consistently calculated Curie temperature T{sub C} is presented and discussed in dependence of relevant parameters (J, n, and W) of the model. The second part of the thesis is concerned with the investigation of the temperature dependence of the electronic and magnetic properties of the rare-earth metal Gadolinium (Gd). The original Kondo-lattice model is extended to a multi-band Kondo-lattice model and combined with an ab-initio band structure calculation to take into account for the multi-bands in real systems. The single-particle energies of the model are taken from an augmented spherical wave (ASW) band structure calculation. The proposed method avoids the double counting of relevant

  1. Spin rotation and depolarization of high-energy particles in crystals at Hadron Collider (LHC) and Future Circular Collider (FCC) energies and the possibility to measure the anomalous magnetic moments of short-lived particles

    CERN Document Server

    Baryshevsky, V G

    2015-01-01

    We study the phenomena of spin rotation and depolarization of high-energy particles in crystals in the range of high energies that will be available at Hadron Collider (LHC) and Future Circular Collider (FCC). It is shown that these phenomena can be used to measure the anomalous magnetic moments of short-lived particles in this range of energies. We also demonstrate that the phenomenon of particle spin depolarization in crystals provides a unique possibility of measuring the anomalous magnetic moment of negatively-charged particles (e.g., beauty baryons), for which the channeling effect is hampered due to far more rapid dechanneling as compared to that for positively-charged particles. Channeling of particles in either straight or bent crystals with polarized nuclei could be used for polarization and the analysis thereof of high-energy particles.

  2. Structural and magnetic properties of [001] CoCr2O4 thin films

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Guzman, Roger; Heuver, Jeroen; Matzen, Sylvia; Magen, Cesar; Noheda, Beatriz

    2017-01-01

    The spinel CoCr2O4 (CCO) is one of the few bulk multiferroics with net magnetic moment. However, studies on the properties of CCO thin films are scarce. Here, we investigate the interplay between microstructure and magnetism of a series of CCO epitaxial thin films by means of x-ray diffraction,

  3. MOURA magnetometer for Mars MetNet Precursor Mission. Its potential for an in situ magnetic environment and surface characterization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diaz Michelena, M.; Sanz, R.; Fernandez, A.B.; Manuel, V. de; Cerdan, M.F.; Apestigue, V.; Arruego, I.; Azcue, J.; Dominguez, J.A.; Gonzalez, M.; Guerrero, H.; Sabau, M.; Kilian, R.; Baeza, O.; Ros, F.; Vazquez, M.; Tordesillas, J.M.; Covisa, P.; Aguado, J.

    2016-07-01

    MOURA magnetometer and gradiometer is part of the scientific instrumentation for Mars MetNet Precursor mission. This work describes the objective of the investigation, summarizes the work done in the design and development of the sensor as well as its calibration, and shows the demonstration campaigns to show the potential of such instrument for planetary landers and rovers. (Author)

  4. A density-functional study of the structures, binding energies and magnetic moments of the clusters Mo{sub N} (N = 2-13), Mo{sub 12}Fe, Mo{sub 12}Co and Mo{sub 12}Ni

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aguilera-Granja, F [Instituto de Fisica, Universidad Autonoma de San Luis PotosI, SLP 78000 (Mexico); Vega, A [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica, y Optica, Universidad de Valladolid, E-47011 Valladolid (Spain); Gallego, L J [Departamento de Fisica de la Materia Condensada, Facultad de Fisica, Universidad de Santiago de Compostela, E-15782 Santiago de Compostela (Spain)

    2008-04-09

    We report the results of density-functional calculations of the structures, binding energies and magnetic moments of the clusters Mo{sub N} (N = 2-13), Mo{sub 12}Fe, Mo{sub 12}Co and Mo{sub 12}Ni that were performed using the SIESTA method within the generalized gradient approximation for exchange and correlation. For pure Mo{sub N} clusters, we obtain collinear magnetic structures in all cases, even when the self-consistent calculations were started from non-collinear inputs. Our results for these clusters show that both linear, planar and three-dimensional clusters have a strong tendency to form dimers. In general, even-numbered clusters are more stable than their neighbouring odd-numbered clusters because they can accommodate an integer number of tightly bound dimers. As a consequence, the binding energies of pure Mo{sub N} clusters, in their lowest-energy states, exhibit an odd-even effect in all dimensionalities. Odd-even effects are less noticeable in the magnetic moments than in the binding energies. When comparing our results for pure Mo clusters with those obtained recently by other authors, we observe similarities in some cases, but striking differences in others. In particular, the odd-even effect in three-dimensional Mo clusters was not observed before, and our results for some clusters (e.g. for planar Mo{sub 3} and Mo{sub 7} and for three-dimensional Mo{sub 7} and Mo{sub 13}) differ from those reported by other authors. For Mo{sub 12}Fe and Mo{sub 12}Ni, we obtain that the icosahedral configuration with the impurity atom at the cluster surface is more stable than the configuration with the impurity at the central site, while the opposite occurs in the case of Mo{sub 12}Co. In Mo{sub 12}Co and Mo{sub 12}Ni, the impurities exhibit a weak magnetic moment parallely coupled to the total magnetic moment of the Mo atoms, whereas in Mo{sub 12}Fe the impurity shows a high moment with antiparallel coupling.

  5. Magnetic moment directions and distributions of cations in Cr (Co) substituted spinel ferrites Ni{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2.3}O{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xue, L. C.; Lang, L. L.; Li, Z. Z.; Qi, W. H.; Tang, G. D., E-mail: tanggd@mail.hebtu.edu.cn; Wu, L. Q. [Hebei Advanced Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang City, 050024 (China); Xu, J. [Hebei Advanced Thin Film Laboratory, Department of Physics, Hebei Normal University, Shijiazhuang City, 050024 (China); School of Science, Hebei University of Engineering, Handan City, 050038 (China)

    2015-09-15

    Powder samples of the spinel ferrites M{sub x}Ni{sub 0.7−x}Fe{sub 2.3}O{sub 4} (M = Cr, Co and 0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) and Cr{sub x}Ni{sub 0.7}Fe{sub 2.3−x}O{sub 4} (0.0 ≤ x ≤ 0.3) were synthesized using the chemical co-precipitation method. The XRD spectra confirmed that the samples had a single-phase cubic spinel structure. Magnetic measurements showed that the magnetic moments (μ{sub exp}) per formula both at 10 K and 300 K increased with Co substitution, while the values of μ{sub exp} decreased with Cr substitution. Applying the assumption that the magnetic moments of Cr{sup 2+} and Cr{sup 3+} lie antiparallel to those of the divalent and trivalent Fe, Co, and Ni cations in the same sublattice of spinel ferrites, these interesting behaviors could be easily interpreted. The cation distributions of the three series of samples were estimated successfully by fitting the dependences of μ{sub exp}, measured at 10 K, on the doping level x, using a quantum-mechanical potential barrier model earlier proposed by our group. The results obtained for the Cr cation distributions at the (A) and [B] sites are very close to those obtained elsewhere using neutron diffraction.

  6. Effective magnetic correlations in hole-doped graphene nanoflakes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valli, A.; Amaricci, A.; Toschi, A.; Saha-Dasgupta, T.; Held, K.; Capone, M.

    2016-12-01

    The magnetic properties of zigzag graphene nanoflakes (ZGNFs) are investigated within the framework of inhomogeneous dynamical mean-field theory. At half-filling and for realistic values of the local interaction, the ZGNF is in a fully compensated antiferromagnetic (AF) state, which is found to be robust against temperature fluctuations. Introducing charge carriers in the AF background drives the ZGNF metallic and stabilizes a magnetic state with a net uncompensated moment at low temperatures. The change in magnetism is ascribed to the delocalization of the doped holes in the proximity of the edges, which mediate ferromagnetic correlations between the localized magnetic moments. Depending on the hole concentration, the magnetic transition may display a pronounced hysteresis over a wide range of temperatures, indicating the coexistence of magnetic states with different symmetries. This suggests the possibility of achieving electrostatic control of the magnetic state of ZGNFs to realize a switchable spintronic device.

  7. Recent measurements of nuclear moments far from stability

    CERN Document Server

    Keim, M

    1998-01-01

    Measurements of nuclear moments far from stability have been performed mainly applying laser spectroscopy and $\\beta$-NMR spectroscopy. A short overview of the experimental techniques are given. The $\\beta$-NMR experiments on the quadrupole moments of sodium isotopes and of the magnetic moment of $^{11}$Be, both using optically pumped radioactive beams, are discussed in more detail. (23 refs).

  8. Magnetic properties in BiFeO{sub 3} doped with Cu and Zn first-principles investigation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rong, Qing-Yan [School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Physics and Mathematics, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411104 (China); Xiao, Wen-Zhi, E-mail: xiaowenzhi@hnu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Physics and Mathematics, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411104 (China); Xiao, Gang [School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China); Department of Physics and Mathematics, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411104 (China); Hu, Ai-Ming [Department of Physics and Mathematics, Hunan Institute of Engineering, Xiangtan 411104 (China); Wang, Ling-Ling, E-mail: llwang@hnu.edu.cn [School of Physics and Electronics, Hunan University, Changsha 410082 (China)

    2016-07-25

    Based on first-principles spin-polarized density functional theory calculations, the electronic structures, and magnetic properties of Cu and Zn-doped BiFeO{sub 3} are investigated. The calculated formation energies show that Cu prefers to occupy Fe site, while the Zn prefer to occupy Bi site. All the doped BiFeO{sub 3} systems turn out to be favorable for G-type antiferromagnetic arrangement. The substitution of Cu and Zn for Fe produces a magnetic moment of 3.0 and 4.0 μ{sub B} per dopant, respectively. The net magnetic moments are from the broken symmetry of the AFM spin ordering network. For the substitution of Cu and Zn for Bi, the net magnetic moment originates from Cu/Zn itself and hole introduced by Cu/Zn. Two-Cu/Zn-doped cases show various magnetic behaves. If O vacancy is far away from dopants, the O vacancies don't affect the net magnetic moment of the substitution of Cu and Zn for Fe, but have notable effect for Bi site doping. The O vacancies result in metallicity in all doped cases. Our study demonstrates that the nonmagnetic Cu and Zn doping will lead to the diversity and complexity of magnetic properties depending on doping sites, distance between dopants, intrinsic defect, and so on, which could be responsible for the observed various magnetic behaviors in Cu/Zn-doped BiFeO{sub 3} samples. - Highlights: • The Fe site doping produces magnetic moments, due to the breaking of the symmetry. • The Bi site doping produces magnetic moments which originate from unpaired holes. • Different substitutions of Cu/Zn for Fe result in various magnetic properties. • The O vacancies make all the doped samples metallic and affect magnetic properties.

  9. Net Locality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Souza e Silva, Adriana Araujo; Gordon, Eric

    Provides an introduction to the new theory of Net Locality and the profound effect on individuals and societies when everything is located or locatable. Describes net locality as an emerging form of location awareness central to all aspects of digital media, from mobile phones, to Google Maps...... of emerging technologies, from GeoCities to GPS, Wi-Fi, Wiki Me, and Google Android....

  10. Net Neutrality

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Savin, Andrej

    2017-01-01

    Repealing “net neutrality” in the US will have no bearing on Internet freedom or security there or anywhere else.......Repealing “net neutrality” in the US will have no bearing on Internet freedom or security there or anywhere else....

  11. Experimental evidence for the magnetic moment directions of Cr{sup 2+} and Cr{sup 3+} cations in the spinel ferrites Cu{sub x1}Cr{sub x2}Fe{sub 3−x1−x2}O{sub 4}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhang, X.Y.; Xu, J.; Li, Z.Z.; Qi, W.H.; Tang, G.D., E-mail: tanggd@mail.hebtu.edu.cn; Shang, Z.F.; Ji, D.H.; Lang, L.L.

    2014-08-01

    (A)[B]{sub 2}O{sub 4} spinel ferrite samples with the composition Cu{sub x1}Cr{sub x2}Fe{sub 3−x1−x2}O{sub 4} (0.0≤x{sub 1}≤0.284 and 1.04≥x{sub 2}≥0.656) were prepared by a chemical co-precipitation method. X-ray diffraction patterns indicated that the samples had a single-phase cubic spinel structure. It is interesting that the saturation magnetization of the samples increased when Cu{sup 2+} or Cu{sup 3+} (with 1 or 2μ{sub B} of magnetic moment) substituted for Cr{sup 2+} or Cr{sup 3+} (with 4 or 3μ{sub B}), which cannot be obviously explained if the magnetic moments of Cr{sup 2+} and Cr{sup 3+} cations are assumed to be parallel to those of the Fe and Cu cations. However, with the assumption that the magnetic moments of Cr{sup 2+} and Cr{sup 3+} cations are antiparallel to the Fe and Cu cation moments in spinel ferrites, the dependence on the Cu doping level of the sample magnetic moments at 10 K was fitted successfully, using the quantum-mechanical potential barrier model earlier proposed by our group. Using the cation distributions obtained in the fitting process, the experimental observation that the magnetic moment of the samples increased with increasing Cu doping level was explained. This work therefore provides experimental evidence that the magnetic moments of the Cr{sup 2+} and Cr{sup 3+} cations are antiparallel to those of the Fe and Cu cations in spinel ferrites.

  12. Magnetism of elementary particles

    CERN Document Server

    Vonsovsky, S V

    1975-01-01

    Spin magnetic moment of the electron ; magnetism of the atomic electron shell ; magnetism of nucleons (protons and neutrons) and atomic nuclei ; anomalous magnetic moments of elementary particles ; the magnetic monopole ; non-linear quantum-electrodynamic effects in a magnetic field.

  13. Moment of inertia in elliptical quantum dots

    Science.gov (United States)

    Serra, Llorenç; Puente, Antonio; Lipparini, Enrico

    The moment of inertia of deformed quantum dots and its experimental relevance in relation to the dot spectroscopic features is theoretically investigated. A strong link to the low-energy orbital current mode that manifests in the magnetic dipole (M1) spectrum is stressed. The moment of inertia is obtained by solving the cranked Kohn-Sham equations within the local-spin-density approximation and the results discussed in comparison with the predictions of an analytical non-interacting model. The results as a function of deformation and size indicate that the existence of spin transitions in the dot ground state has an important effect on the moment of inertia.

  14. Moment analysis of hadronic vacuum polarization

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rafael, Eduardo de

    2014-09-07

    I suggest a new approach to the determination of the hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP) contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon a{sub μ}{sup HVP} in lattice QCD. It is based on properties of the Mellin transform of the hadronic spectral function and their relation to the HVP self-energy in the Euclidean. I show how a{sub μ}{sup HVP} is very well approximated by a few moments associated to this Mellin transform and how these moments can be evaluated in lattice QCD, providing thus a series of tests when compared with the corresponding determinations using experimental data.

  15. Moment analysis of hadronic vacuum polarization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo de Rafael

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available I suggest a new approach to the determination of the hadronic vacuum polarization (HVP contribution to the anomalous magnetic moment of the muon aμHVP in lattice QCD. It is based on properties of the Mellin transform of the hadronic spectral function and their relation to the HVP self-energy in the Euclidean. I show how aμHVP is very well approximated by a few moments associated to this Mellin transform and how these moments can be evaluated in lattice QCD, providing thus a series of tests when compared with the corresponding determinations using experimental data.

  16. Moment of truth for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    One of the first events reconstructed in the Muon Drift Tubes, the Hadron Calorimeter and elements of the Silicon Tracker (TK) at 3 Tesla. The atmosphere in the CMS control rooms was electric. Everbody was at the helm for the first full-scale testing of the experiment. This was a crunch moment for the entire collaboration. On Tuesday, 22 August the magnet attained almost its nominal power of 4 Tesla! At the same moment, in a tiny improvised control room, the physicists were keyed up to test the entire detector system for the first time. The first cosmic ray tracks appeared on their screens in the week of 15 August. The tests are set to continue for several weeks more until the first CMS components are lowered into their final positions in the cavern.

  17. Moment graphs and representations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jantzen, Jens Carsten

    2012-01-01

    Moment graphs and sheaves on moment graphs are basically combinatorial objects that have be used to describe equivariant intersectiion cohomology. In these lectures we are going to show that they can be used to provide a direct link from this cohomology to the representation theory of simple Lie ...

  18. The moment problem

    CERN Document Server

    Schmüdgen, Konrad

    2017-01-01

    This advanced textbook provides a comprehensive and unified account of the moment problem. It covers the classical one-dimensional theory and its multidimensional generalization, including modern methods and recent developments. In both the one-dimensional and multidimensional cases, the full and truncated moment problems are carefully treated separately. Fundamental concepts, results and methods are developed in detail and accompanied by numerous examples and exercises. Particular attention is given to powerful modern techniques such as real algebraic geometry and Hilbert space operators. A wide range of important aspects are covered, including the Nevanlinna parametrization for indeterminate moment problems, canonical and principal measures for truncated moment problems, the interplay between Positivstellensätze and moment problems on semi-algebraic sets, the fibre theorem, multidimensional determinacy theory, operator-theoretic approaches, and the existence theory and important special topics of multidime...

  19. Locking of iridium magnetic moments to the correlated rotation of oxygen octahedra in Sr2IrO4 revealed by x-ray resonant scattering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Boseggia, S.; Walker, H. C.; Vale, J.

    2013-01-01

    .8(1)° of the oxygen octahedra that characterizes its distorted layered perovskite structure. Using x-ray resonant scattering at the Ir L3 edge we have measured accurately the intensities of Bragg peaks arising from different components of the magnetic structure. From a careful comparison of integrated intensities...

  20. RESTful NET

    CERN Document Server

    Flanders, Jon

    2008-01-01

    RESTful .NET is the first book that teaches Windows developers to build RESTful web services using the latest Microsoft tools. Written by Windows Communication Foundation (WFC) expert Jon Flanders, this hands-on tutorial demonstrates how you can use WCF and other components of the .NET 3.5 Framework to build, deploy and use REST-based web services in a variety of application scenarios. RESTful architecture offers a simpler approach to building web services than SOAP, SOA, and the cumbersome WS- stack. And WCF has proven to be a flexible technology for building distributed systems not necessa

  1. Effects of the racket polar moment of inertia on dominant upper limb joint moments during tennis serve.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabelle Rogowski

    Full Text Available This study examined the effect of the polar moment of inertia of a tennis racket on upper limb loading in the serve. Eight amateur competition tennis players performed two sets of 10 serves using two rackets identical in mass, position of center of mass and moments of inertia other than the polar moment of inertia (0.00152 vs 0.00197 kg.m2. An eight-camera motion analysis system collected the 3D trajectories of 16 markers, located on the thorax, upper limbs and racket, from which shoulder, elbow and wrist net joint moments and powers were computed using inverse dynamics. During the cocking phase, increased racket polar moment of inertia was associated with significant increases in the peak shoulder extension and abduction moments, as well the peak elbow extension, valgus and supination moments. During the forward swing phase, peak wrist extension and radial deviation moments significantly increased with polar moment of inertia. During the follow-through phase, the peak shoulder adduction, elbow pronation and wrist external rotation moments displayed a significant inverse relationship with polar moment of inertia. During the forward swing, the magnitudes of negative joint power at the elbow and wrist were significantly larger when players served using the racket with a higher polar moment of inertia. Although a larger polar of inertia allows players to better tolerate off-center impacts, it also appears to place additional loads on the upper extremity when serving and may therefore increase injury risk in tennis players.

  2. Petri Nets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Associate Professor of. Computer Science and. Automation at the Indian. Institute of Science,. Bangalore. His research interests are broadly in the areas of stochastic modeling and scheduling methodologies for future factories; and object oriented modeling. GENERAL I ARTICLE. Petri Nets. 1. Overview and Foundations.

  3. Petri Nets

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 8. Petri Nets - Overview and Foundations. Y Narahari. General Article Volume 4 Issue 8 August 1999 pp ... Author Affiliations. Y Narahari1. Department ot Computer Science and Automation, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore 560 012, India.

  4. Multi-moment maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swann, Andrew Francis; Madsen, Thomas Bruun

    2012-01-01

    We introduce a notion of moment map adapted to actions of Lie groups that preserve a closed three-form. We show existence of our multi-moment maps in many circumstances, including mild topological assumptions on the underlying manifold. Such maps are also shown to exist for all groups whose second...... and third Lie algebra Betti numbers are zero. We show that these form a special class of solvable Lie groups and provide a structural characterisation. We provide many examples of multi-moment maps for different geometries and use them to describe manifolds with holonomy contained in G(2) preserved by a two...

  5. Compensated Ferrimagnetism in the Zero-Moment Heusler Alloy Mn3Al

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamer, Michelle E.; Wang, Yung Jui; Stephen, Gregory M.; McDonald, Ian J.; Grutter, Alexander J.; Sterbinsky, George E.; Arena, Dario A.; Borchers, Julie A.; Kirby, Brian J.; Lewis, Laura H.; Barbiellini, Bernardo; Bansil, Arun; Heiman, Don

    2017-06-01

    While antiferromagnets have been proposed as components to limit stray magnetic fields, their inability to be spin polarized inhibits their use in spintronic devices. Compensated ferrimagnets are a unique solution to this dilemma since they have zero net moment, but their nonsymmetric density of states allows the achievement of high spin polarization. Density-functional theory predicts Mn3Al in the D0(3) structure to be fully compensated and retain half-metallicity at room temperature. In this work, 50-nm Mn3Al thin films are synthesized using molecular beam epitaxy and annealed at various temperatures in order to investigate their magnetic properties. Magnetometry measurements confirm the high Curie temperature of 605 K. Polarized-neutron reflectometry (PNR) indicates a low net magnetic moment, along with depth profiles of the structure and magnetization. From the PNR data, a saturation moment of 0.11 +/- 0.04 mu B/f.u. is extracted, confirming the nominal zero moment present in these thin films.

  6. Muon-Neutrino Electron Elastic Scattering and a Search for the Muon-Neutrino Magnetic Moment in the NOvA Near Detector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang, Biao [Southern Methodist U.

    2017-01-01

    We use the NOvA near detector and the NuMI beam at Fermilab to study the neutrino- electron elastic scattering and the muon neutrino magnetic process beyond the Standard Model physics. The particle identications of neutrino on electron elastic scattering are trained by using the multi-layer neural networks. This thesis provides a general discussion of this technique and shows a good agreement between data and MC for the neutrino-electron elastic weak scattering. So that beneting from the precise cross-section of this channel, we are able to tune the neutrino beam ux simulation in the future. Giving the exposure of 3:62 1020 POT in the NOvA near detector, we report 1:58 10

  7. Magneto-V1: um programa para o cálculo de correções diamagnéticas e de momentos magnéticos efetivos Magneto-V1: a program for the calculation of diamagnetic corrections and effective magnetic moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geraldo Roberto Friedermann

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available A new computer program has been developed to help the users of force methods for magnetic moment determination. It provides a user-friendly interface for the calculation of corrected magnetic susceptibilities of paramagnetic materials and enables the user to simulate a number of chemical formulations for the sample under study. The program is written in the Perl scripting language and runs on a Unix platform.

  8. Spatially Resolved Large Magnetization in Ultrathin BiFeO3

    KAUST Repository

    Guo, Er-Jia

    2017-06-19

    Here, a quantitative magnetic depth profile across the planar interfaces in BiFeO3 /La0.7 Sr0.3 MnO3 (BFO/LSMO) superlattices using polarized neutron reflectometry is obtained. An enhanced magnetization of 1.83 ± 0.16 μB /Fe in BFO layers is observed when they are interleaved between two manganite layers. The enhanced magnetic order in BFO persists up to 200 K. The depth dependence of magnetic moments in BFO/LSMO superlattices as a function of the BFO layer thickness is also explored. The results show the enhanced net magnetic moment in BFO from the LSMO/BFO interface extends 3-4 unit cells into BFO. The interior part of a thicker BFO layer has a much smaller magnetization, suggesting it still keeps the small canted AFM state. The results exclude charge transfer, intermixing, epitaxial strain, and octahedral rotations/tilts as dominating mechanisms for the large net magnetization in BFO. An explanation-one suggested by others previously and consistent with the observations-attributes the temperature dependence of the net magnetization of BFO to strong orbital hybridization between Fe and Mn across the interfaces. Such orbital reconstruction would establish an upper temperature limit for magnetic ordering of BFO.

  9. Optical non-reciprocity in magnetic structures related to high-T_c superconductors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Orenstein, Joseph W

    2011-06-02

    Rotation of the plane of polarization of reflected light (Kerr effect) is a direct manifestation of broken time reversal symmetry and is generally associated with the appearance of a ferromagnetic moment. Here I identify magnetic structures that may arise within the unit cell of cuprate superconductors that generate polarization rotation despite the absence of a net moment. For these magnetic symmetries the Kerr effect is mediated by magnetoelectric coupling, which can arise when antiferromagnetic order breaks inversion symmetry. The structures identifed are candidates for a time-reversal breaking phase in the pseudogap regime of the cuprates.

  10. Beta decay and magnetic moments as tools to probe nuclear structure. Study of neutron-rich nuclei around N=40; Decroissance beta et moments magnetiques comme outils pour sonder la structure nucleaire. Etude des noyaux riches en neutrons autour de N=40

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Matea, I

    2003-12-01

    The evolution of nuclear structure in nuclei far from the {beta} stability line is one of the 'hot topics' in modern experimental and theoretical nuclear physics. The present thesis is devoted to the study of structure of neutron-rich nuclei around N=40. The evolution of the neutron g9/2 orbital with increasing number of neutrons is one of the key points defining the structure of these nuclei at low excitation energy. We used for this investigation as experimental tools the magnetic dipole moments measurements and the {beta} decay spectroscopy. For the measurement of the gyromagnetic factor of the 9/2{sup +} isomeric state in Fe{sup 61} we have applied the TDPAD method. This method (like most of measurements of nuclear moments) requires an oriented ensemble of nuclei. The orientation of Fe{sup 61m} was achieved via the fragmentation of Ni{sup 64} at 55 MeV/u and the selection of the fragment momentum with the LISE spectrometer at GANIL. The experimental device was specially conceived to preserve the alignment up to the implantation point. The measured value of the g factor was compared with large-scale shell model and Hartree-Fock-Bogoliubov model predictions. The nuclei studied via {beta} decay were produced by the fragmentation of Kr{sup 86} at 58 MeV/u. For the selection of reaction products we used for the first time the LISE2000 spectrometer and for the detection of {gamma} rays four EXOGAM clover detectors. We measured 5 new lifetimes and 4 lifetimes with a higher precision. From the prompt {beta}{gamma} coincidences we identified new states in the daughter nuclei, as it is the case of the first 2{sup +} excited states in Fe{sup 68} and Ni{sup 72}. The results were compared with the predictions of the large-scale shell model. Other transitions were observed for the first time in {beta}{gamma} decay of Ti{sup 60}, Fe{sup 70} and Co{sup 71,73}. (author)

  11. Moments of Negotiation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pieters, Jurgen

    2001-01-01

    'Moments of Negotiation' offers the first book-length and indepth analysis of the New Historicist reading method, which the American Shakespeare-scolar Stephen Greenblatt introduced at the beginning of the 1980s. Ever since, Greenblatt has been hailed as the prime representative of this movement,

  12. Three Moments in Jewish Philosophy

    OpenAIRE

    Stefan Goltzberg

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to offer a new periodization of Jewish philosophy and to reflect on the definition of Jewish philosophy. It will therefore deal with the characteristic style of each Jewish philosophy rather than with their content. I shall identify three moments in the history of Jewish philosophy: the Arab moment, the German moment, and the analytic moment; this last moment, largely unknown, will be studied more in depth. This paper does not aim to present an exhaustive panora...

  13. Quantum Electromagnetic Nonlinearity Affecting Charges and Dipole Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adorno, T. C.; Gitman, D. M.; Shabad, A. E.; Shishmarev, A. A.

    2017-03-01

    Due to the nonlinearity of QED, a static charge becomes a magnetic dipole if placed in a magnetic field, and a magnetic monopole on the background is a combination of constant electric and magnetic fields. Already without external field, the cubic Maxwell equation for the field of a point charge has a soliton solution with a finite field energy and finite potential, the energy-momentum vector of a moving soliton being the same as that of a point massive particle. Equations are given for self-coupling dipole moments. Any theoretically found value for a multipole moment of a baryon or a meson should be subjected to nonlinear renormalization.

  14. Magnetic properties of sulfur-doped graphene

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zhu, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Park, H. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Podila, R., E-mail: rpodila@g.clemson.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); COMSET, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Wadehra, A. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Ayala, P. [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Vienna (Austria); Oliveira, L.; He, J. [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Zakhidov, A.A.; Howard, A. [Alan G. MacDiarmid NanoTech Institute, The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson, TX (United States); Wilkins, J. [Department of Physics, The Ohio State University, Columbus, OH (United States); Rao, A.M., E-mail: arao@g.clemson.edu [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); Clemson Nanomaterial Center, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States); COMSET, Clemson University, Clemson, SC (United States)

    2016-03-01

    While studying magnetism of d- and f-electron systems has been consistently an active research area in physics, chemistry, and biology, there is an increasing interest in the novel magnetism of p-electron systems, especially in graphene and graphene-derived nanostructures. Bulk graphite is diamagnetic in nature, however, graphene is known to exhibit either a paramagnetic response or weak ferromagnetic ordering. Although many groups have attributed this magnetism in graphene to defects or unintentional magnetic impurities, there is a lack of compelling evidence to pinpoint its origin. To resolve this issue, we systematically studied the influence of entropically necessary intrinsic defects (e.g., vacancies, edges) and extrinsic dopants (e.g., S-dopants) on the magnetic properties of graphene. We found that the saturation magnetization of graphene decreased upon sulfur doping suggesting that S-dopants demagnetize vacancies and edges. Our density functional theory calculations provide evidence for: (i) intrinsic defect demagnetization by the formation of covalent bonds between S-dopant and edges/vacancies concurring with the experimental results, and (ii) a net magnetization from only zig-zag edges, suggesting that the possible contradictory results on graphene magnetism in the literature could stem from different defect-types. Interestingly, we observed peculiar local maxima in the temperature dependent magnetizations that suggest the coexistence of different magnetic phases within the same graphene samples. - Highlights: • Magnetic properties of pristine and S-doped graphene were investigated. • Pristine graphene with intrinsic defects exhibits a non-zero magnetic moment. • The addition of S-dopants was found to quench the magnetic ordering. • DFT calculations confirmed that magnetization in graphene arises from defects. • DFT calculations show S-dopants quench local magnetic moment of defect structures.

  15. Status of the experiment on the laboratory search for the electron antineutrino magnetic moment at the level mu subnu <= 3 x 10 sup - sup 1 sup 2 mu sub B

    CERN Document Server

    Neganov, B S; Yukhimchuk, A A; Bogdanova, L N; Beda, A G; Starostin, A S

    2001-01-01

    The experiment on the direct detection of antineutrino-electron scattering using a 40 MCi tritium beta-active source will allow to lower the present-day laboratory limit for the neutrino magnetic moment by two orders of magnitude. The experiment brings together novel unique technologies in studies of rare processes of neutrino-electron scattering: 1) and artificial source of antineutrinos from tritium decay of 40-MCi activity with the antineutrino flux density approx = 6 x 10 sup 1 sup 4 cm sup - sup 2 s sup - sup 1; 2) new types of detectors capable of detecting electrons with energy down to approx 10 eV, namely, a silicon cryogenic detector based on the ionization-into-heat conversion effect, a high-pure germanium detector with the internal signal amplification in the electric field. A compact installation located in a specially equipped laboratory underground (<= 100 water equivalent meters) will provide favorable background conditions for running the experiment. With the background level about 0.1 even...

  16. Spin and orbital moments in actinide compounds

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, B.; Wulff, M.; Lander, G.H.

    1991-01-01

    The extended spatial distribution of both the transition-metal 3d electrons and the actinide 5f electrons results in a strong interaction between these electron states when the relevant elements are alloyed. A particular interesting feature of this hybridization, which is predicted by single-electron...... band-structure calculations, is that the orbital moments of the actinide 5f electrons are considerably reduced from the values anticipated by a simple application of Hund's rules. To test these ideas, and thus to obtain a measure of the hybridization, we have performed a series of neutron scattering...... experiments designed to determine the magnetic moments at the actinide and transition-metal sublattice sites in compounds such as UFe2, NpCo2, and PuFe2 and to separate the spin and orbital components at the actinide sites. The results show, indeed, that the ratio of the orbital to spin moment is reduced...

  17. Effect of electron-electron correlation and site disorder on the magnetic moment and half-metallicity of Co{sub 2}FeGa{sub 1−x}Si{sub x} alloys

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Deka, Bhargab, E-mail: d.bhargab@iitg.ernet.in; Kundu, Ashis, E-mail: k.ashis@iitg.ernet.in; Ghosh, Subhradip, E-mail: subhra@iitg.ernet.in; Srinivasan, A., E-mail: asrini@iitg.ernet.in

    2016-07-01

    X-ray diffraction studies on Co{sub 2}Fe(Ga{sub 1−x}Si{sub x}) alloys did not show the characteristic L2{sub 1} super-lattice peaks for alloys with x ≤ 0.5. The saturation magnetization (M{sub s}) of alloy compositions with x = 0.75 and x = 1.00 deviated from the values predicted by Slater-Pauling (S-P) rule. In order to understand this deviation in M{sub s} and its implication on the half-metallic character of these alloys, a systematic ab initio study was carried out using generalized gradient approximation (GGA) and GGA with on-site Coulomb interaction (GGA + U). Total magnetic moment obtained from the GGA calculation agrees well with S-P rule and experimental results obtained for alloys with high Ga concentration (i.e. for x = 0 and 0.25) and gets overestimated by the inclusion of U. However, the value predicted by the S-P rule is obtained for the alloys with x = 0.50, 0.75 and 1.00, only after the inclusion of U. Similar behavior was observed in the appearance of the energy gap in density of states of the spin-down band and hence the half-metallic nature of the alloys. The deviation in measured M{sub s} of the alloy with x = 1.00 is attributed to the presence of small amount of DO{sub 3} disorder in the alloy as revealed by the ab initio studies. Comparison of experimental and theoretically estimated properties of Co{sub 2}Fe(Ga{sub 1−x}Si{sub x}) alloys provides insight to the variation in electron-electron interaction and the influence on atomic site disorder in these alloys on their half-metallic character. - Highlights: • M{sub t} of Co{sub 2}FeGa{sub 1−x}Si{sub x} was determined by experimental and ab initio studies. • Need for GGA + U to estimate M{sub t} of x > 0.25, shows change in magnetic interaction. • Rhodes-Wohlfarth ratio and DoS show that half-metallicity is possible in all alloys.

  18. Redefining the political moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James Arvanitakis

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available On 16 February 2003, more than half a million people gathered in Sydney, Australia, as part of a global anti-war protest aimed at stopping the impending invasion of Iraq by the then US Administration. It is difficult to estimate how many millions marched on the coordinated protest, but it was by far the largest mobilization of a generation. Walking and chanting on the streets of Sydney that day, it seemed that a political moment was upon us. In a culture that rarely embraces large scale activism, millions around Australian demanded to be heard. The message was clear: if you do not hear us, we would be willing to bring down a government. The invasion went ahead, however, with the then Australian government, under the leadership of John Howard, being one of the loudest and staunchest supporters of the Bush Administrations drive to war. Within 18 months, anti-war activists struggled to have a few hundred participants take part in anti-Iraq war rallies, and the Howard Government was comfortably re-elected for another term. The political moment had come and gone, with both social commentators and many members of the public looking for a reason. While the conservative media was often the focus of analysis, this paper argues that in a time of late capitalism, the political moment is hollowed out by ‘Politics’ itself. That is to say, that formal political processes (or ‘Politics’ undermine the political practices that people participate in everyday (or ‘politics’. Drawing on an ongoing research project focusing on democracy and young people, I discuss how the concept of ’politics‘ has been destabilised and subsequently, the political moment has been displaced. This displacement has led to a re-definition of ‘political action’ and, I argue, the emergence of a different type of everyday politics.

  19. Distributions on unbounded moment spaces and random moment sequences

    OpenAIRE

    Dette, Holger; Nagel, Jan

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we define distributions on moment spaces corresponding to measures on the real line with an unbounded support. We identify these distributions as limiting distributions of random moment vectors defined on compact moment spaces and as distributions corresponding to random spectral measures associated with the Jacobi, Laguerre and Hermite ensemble from random matrix theory. For random vectors on the unbounded moment spaces we prove a central limit theorem where the centering vecto...

  20. Higher moments of multiplicity fluctuations in a hadron-resonance gas with exact conservation laws

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Jing-Hua

    2017-09-01

    Higher moments of multiplicity fluctuations of hadrons produced in central nucleus-nucleus collisions are studied within the hadron-resonance gas model in the canonical ensemble. Exact conservation of three charges, baryon number, electric charge, and strangeness is enforced in the large volume limit. Moments up to the fourth order of various particles are calculated at CERN Super Proton Synchrotron, BNL Relativistic Heavy Ion Collider (RHIC), and CERN Large Hadron Collider energies. The asymptotic fluctuations within a simplified model with only one conserved charge in the canonical ensemble are discussed where simple analytical expressions for moments of multiplicity distributions can be obtained. Moments products of net-proton, net-kaon, and net-charge distributions in Au + Au collisions at RHIC energies are calculated. The pseudorapidity coverage dependence of net-charge fluctuation is discussed.

  1. Modulation of joint moments and work in the goat hindlimb with locomotor speed and surface grade

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Arnold, Allison S; Lee, David V; Biewener, Andrew A

    2013-01-01

    ..., +15 and -15 deg sloped surfaces. Net joint moments, powers and work were estimated at the goats' hip, knee, ankle and metatarsophalangeal joints throughout the stance phase via inverse dynamics calculations...

  2. Possibilistic Fuzzy Net Present Value Model and Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. S. Appadoo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The cash flow values and the interest rate in the net present value (NPV model are usually specified by either crisp numbers or random variables. In this paper, we first discuss some of the recent developments in possibility theory and find closed form expressions for fuzzy possibilistic net present value (FNPV. Then, following Carlsson and Fullér (2001, we discuss some of the possibilistic moments related to FNPV model along with an illustrative numerical example. We also give a unified approach to find higher order moments of FNPV by using the moment generating function introduced by Paseka et al. (2011.

  3. Face recognition using Krawtchouk moment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Feature extraction is one of the important tasks in face recognition. Moments are widely used feature extractor due to their superior discriminatory power and geometrical invariance. Moments generally capture the global features of the image. This paper proposes Krawtchouk moment for feature extraction in face recognition ...

  4. Face recognition using Krawtchouk moment

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Abstract. Feature extraction is one of the important tasks in face recognition. Moments are widely used feature extractor due to their superior discriminatory power and geometrical invariance. Moments generally capture the global features of the image. This paper proposes Krawtchouk moment for feature extraction in face ...

  5. Moments in time

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marc eWittmann

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available It has been suggested that perception and action can be understood as evolving in temporal epochs or sequential processing units. Successive events are fused into units forming a unitary experience or ‘psychological present’. Studies have identified several temporal integration levels on different time scales which are fundamental for our understanding of behaviour and subjective experience. In recent literature concerning the philosophy and neuroscience of consciousness these separate temporal processing levels are not always precisely distinguished. Therefore, empirical evidence from psychophysics and neuropsychology on these distinct temporal processing levels is presented and discussed within philosophical conceptualizations of time experience. On an elementary level, one can identify a functional moment, a basic temporal building block of perception in the range of milliseconds that defines simultaneity and succession. Below a certain threshold temporal order is not perceived, individual events are processed as co-temporal. On a second level, an experienced moment, which is based on temporal integration of up to a few seconds, has been reported in many qualitatively different experiments in perception and action. It has been suggested that this segmental processing mechanism creates temporal windows that provide a logistical basis for conscious representation and the experience of nowness. On a third level of integration, continuity of experience is enabled by working-memory in the range of multiple seconds allowing the maintenance of cognitive operations and emotional feelings, leading to mental presence, a temporal window of an individual’s experienced presence.

  6. Characterization of organic electrolyte systems by nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular orbital simulation: equilibrium constant and net charge distribution in solvation state

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arai, Juichi; Nishimura, Katsunori; Muranaka, Yasushi; Ito, Yutaka [Hitachi Ltd., Ibaraki (Japan). Res. Lab.

    1997-10-01

    Solvation states of single solvent electrolyte systems of ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), ethylmethyl carbonate (EMC) and diethyl carbonate (DEC) with LiPF{sub 6} were characterized by {sup 13}C-NMR solvation shift and molecular orbital (MO) simulation. Dissociation constants and solvation constants were estimated by parameter fitting to solvation shift using a simple equilibrium model. The solvation shifts {Delta}{delta} were observed not only at a lower field but also at a higher field due to change of net charge {Delta}{rho} in solvent molecules by Li{sup +} attachment. This particular feature of solvation shifts was demonstrated in the molecular orbital simulation as driven by the change of net charge using a 1:1 (Li{sup +}:solvent) solvation model. (orig.)

  7. Characterization of organic electrolyte systems by nuclear magnetic resonance and molecular orbital simulation: Equilibrium constant and net charge distribution in solvation state

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arai, Juichi; Nishimura, Katsunori; Muranaka, Yasushi; Ito, Yutaka

    Solvation states of single solvent electrolyte systems of ethylene carbonate (EC), propylene carbonate (PC), dimethyl carbonate (DMC), ehylmethyl carbonate (EMC) and diethyl carbonate (DEC) with LiPF 6 were characterized by 13C-NMR solvation shift and molecular orbital (MO) simulation. Dissociation constants and solvation constants were estimated by parameter fitting to solvation shift using a simple equilibrium model. The solvation shifts Δδ were observed not only at a lower field but also at a higher field due to change of net charge Δ ρ in solvent molecules by Li + attachment. This particular feature of solvation shifts was demonstrated in the molecular orbital simulation as driven by the change of net charge using a 1:1 (Li +:solvent) solvation model.

  8. Explanations pertaining to the Hip Joint Flexor Moment During the Stance Phase of Human Walking

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simonsen, Erik B; Cappelen, Katrine L; Skorini, Ragnhild

    2012-01-01

    positions: normal, inclined and reclined. Net joint moments were calculated about the hip, knee and ankle joint. The peak hip joint flexor moment during late stance was significantly lower during inclined walking than in the two other conditions. During normal walking the iliacus muscle showed no or very...... activity but only in the swing phase. It is concluded that the hip flexor moment in question is largely generated by passive structures in the form of ligaments resisting hip joint extension....

  9. Nuclear moments of /sup 9/Li

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Correll, F.D.; Madansky, L.; Hardekopf, R.A.; Sunier, J.W.

    1983-08-01

    The ground-state magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments of the ..beta.. emitter /sup 9/Li (J/sup ..pi../ = (3/2)/sup -/, T/sub 1/2/ = 0.176 s) have been measured for the first time. Polarized /sup 9/Li nuclei were produced in the /sup 7/Li(t,p) reaction, using 5--6 MeV polarized tritons. The recoiling /sup 9/Li nuclei were stopped either in Au foils or in LiNbO/sub 3/ single crystals, and their polarization was detected by measuring the ..beta..-decay asymmetry. Nuclear magnetic resonance techniques were used to depolarize the nuclei, and the resonant frequencies were deduced from changes in the asymmetry. The /sup 9/Li dipole moment was deduced from the measured Larmor frequency in Au; the result, including corrections for diamagnetic shielding and the Knight shift, is Vertical Bar..mu..Vertical Bar = 3.4391(6) ..mu../sub N/. The ratio of the /sup 9/Li quadrupole moment to that of /sup 7/Li was derived from their respective quadrupole couplings in LiNbO/sub 3/; the value is Vertical BarQ( /sup 9/Li)/Q( /sup 7/Li)Vertical Bar = 0. 88 +- 0.18. Both results are in agreement with shell model predictions.

  10. Army Net Zero Prove Out. Army Net Zero Training Report

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-11-20

    sensors were strategically placed throughout the installation by magnetically attaching them to water main valve stems. The sensors check sound...Recycle Wrap  Substitutes for Packaging Materials  Re-Use of Textiles and Linens  Setting Printers to Double-Sided Printing Net Zero Waste...can effectively achieve source reduction. Clean and Re-Use Shop Rags - Shop rags represent a large textile waste stream at many installations. As a

  11. Orbital moment anisotropy of Pt/Co/AlOx heterostructures with strong Rashba interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nistor, C.; Balashov, T.; Kavich, J. J.; Lodi Rizzini, A.; Ballesteros, B.; Gaudin, G.; Auffret, S.; Rodmacq, B.; Dhesi, S. S.; Gambardella, P.

    2011-08-01

    We study the anisotropy of the spin and orbital magnetization of ultrathin Co layers characterized by structure inversion asymmetry, namely Pt/Co/AlOx trilayers with Co thicknesses between 0.6 and 2 nm. We use x-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) to probe the Co layer along two orthogonal measurement geometries. By combining transverse and collinear XMCD, we achieve a vector measurement of the Co spin and orbital magnetic moments. We find an enhanced and anisotropic orbital magnetic moment localized at the Co interface and verify the connection between the Co orbital moment anisotropy and the macroscopic magnetic anisotropy of the trilayer. These results provide a link between diverse interfacial phenomena originating from spin-orbit coupling, such as the Rashba effect and perpendicular magnetic anisotropy. Using simple considerations derived from tight-binding models, we show that the Rashba constant is proportional to the ratio between out-of-plane and in-plane orbital magnetic moments.

  12. Electronic structure, local magnetism, and spin-orbit effects of Ir(IV)-, Ir(V)-, and Ir(VI)-based compounds

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Laguna-Marco, M. A.; Kayser, P.; Alonso, J. A.; Martínez-Lope, M. J.; van Veenendaal, M.; Choi, Y.; Haskel, D.

    2015-06-01

    Element- and orbital-selective x-ray absorption and magnetic circular dichroism measurements are carried out to probe the electronic structure and magnetism of Ir 5d electronic states in double perovskite Sr2MIrO6 (M = Mg, Ca, Sc, Ti, Ni, Fe, Zn, In) and La2NiIrO6 compounds. All the studied systems present a significant influence of spin-orbit interactions in the electronic ground state. In addition, we find that the Ir 5d local magnetic moment shows different character depending on the oxidation state despite the net magnetization being similar for all the compounds. Ir carries an orbital contribution comparable to the spin contribution for Ir4+ (5d(5)) and Ir5+ (5d(4)) oxides, whereas the orbital contribution is quenched for Ir6+ (5d(3)) samples. Incorporation of a magnetic 3d atom allows getting insight into the magnetic coupling between 5d and 3d transition metals. Together with previous susceptibility and neutron diffractionmeasurements, the results indicate that Ir carries a significant local magnetic moment even in samples without a 3d metal. The size of the (small) net magnetization of these compounds is a result of predominant antiferromagnetic interactions between local moments coupled with structural details of each perovskite structure

  13. NA-NET numerical analysis net

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dongarra, J. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Computer Science]|[Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Rosener, B. [Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Computer Science

    1991-12-01

    This report describes a facility called NA-NET created to allow numerical analysts (na) an easy method of communicating with one another. The main advantage of the NA-NET is uniformity of addressing. All mail is addressed to the Internet host ``na-net.ornl.gov`` at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Hence, members of the NA-NET do not need to remember complicated addresses or even where a member is currently located. As long as moving members change their e-mail address in the NA-NET everything works smoothly. The NA-NET system is currently located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It is running on the same machine that serves netlib. Netlib is a separate facility that distributes mathematical software via electronic mail. For more information on netlib consult, or send the one-line message ``send index`` to netlib{at}ornl.gov. The following report describes the current NA-NET system from both a user`s perspective and from an implementation perspective. Currently, there are over 2100 members in the NA-NET. An average of 110 mail messages pass through this facility daily.

  14. NA-NET numerical analysis net

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dongarra, J. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Computer Science Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)); Rosener, B. (Tennessee Univ., Knoxville, TN (United States). Dept. of Computer Science)

    1991-12-01

    This report describes a facility called NA-NET created to allow numerical analysts (na) an easy method of communicating with one another. The main advantage of the NA-NET is uniformity of addressing. All mail is addressed to the Internet host na-net.ornl.gov'' at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Hence, members of the NA-NET do not need to remember complicated addresses or even where a member is currently located. As long as moving members change their e-mail address in the NA-NET everything works smoothly. The NA-NET system is currently located at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. It is running on the same machine that serves netlib. Netlib is a separate facility that distributes mathematical software via electronic mail. For more information on netlib consult, or send the one-line message send index'' to netlib{at}ornl.gov. The following report describes the current NA-NET system from both a user's perspective and from an implementation perspective. Currently, there are over 2100 members in the NA-NET. An average of 110 mail messages pass through this facility daily.

  15. The X-ray magnetic dichroism, the sum rule and spin fluctuations on the surface of manganite (LaPrCa)MnO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebennikov, Vladimir I.; Bebenin, Nikolai G.; Zainullina, Rimma I.; Kuepper, Karsten; Kuznetsova, Tatyana V.

    2017-10-01

    The problem of determining the magnitude of the atomic magnetic moments in compounds with rare-earth and transition elements using the X-ray magnetic circular dichroism (XMCD) is investigated. The standard sum rules approach usually gives the moment values by several times smaller than their bulk values obtained from the direct magnetic measurements. We attribute this to the strong spin fluctuations in the surface layer which actually formed the soft XMCD signal. A method of determining the value of the local magnetic moments in the presence of strong fluctuations is proposed. The magnetic interactions in La0.5Pr0.2Ca0.3MnO3 are investigated by x-ray absorption spectroscopy, XMCD and bulk magnetization measurements. The proposed procedure is used to determine the values of atomic magnetic moments of transition and rare-earth elements as well as net magnetization on the surface and in the bulk from experimental Mn L2,3 and Pr M4,5 XMCD spectra.

  16. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    by B. Curé

    2011-01-01

    The magnet operation was very satisfactory till the technical stop at the end of the year 2010. The field was ramped down on 5th December 2010, following the successful regeneration test of the turbine filters at full field on 3rd December 2010. This will limit in the future the quantity of magnet cycles, as it is no longer necessary to ramp down the magnet for this type of intervention. This is made possible by the use of the spare liquid Helium volume to cool the magnet while turbines 1 and 2 are stopped, leaving only the third turbine in operation. This obviously requires full availability of the operators to supervise the operation, as it is not automated. The cryogenics was stopped on 6th December 2010 and the magnet was left without cooling until 18th January 2011, when the cryoplant operation resumed. The magnet temperature reached 93 K. The maintenance of the vacuum pumping was done immediately after the magnet stop, when the magnet was still at very low temperature. Only the vacuum pumping of the ma...

  17. Net Ecosystem Carbon Flux

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Net Ecosystem Carbon Flux is defined as the year-over-year change in Total Ecosystem Carbon Stock, or the net rate of carbon exchange between an ecosystem and the...

  18. Noteworthy moments and people!

    CERN Multimedia

    Claudia Marcelloni de Oliveira

    The man with nerves of steel and one steady finger: Gerard Mouquin operating the main crane with a joy-stick-like remote control while the 220-ton End-Cap Toroid Magnet is suspended mid-air above the access shaft. His job was hanging by a thread... The woman with nerves of steel: Sylvie Prodon, head of the logistic section responsible for all transport at CERN was supervising the delicate operation of taking the first End-Cap Toroid down to the ATLAS cavern. The sight from Side A after complete insertion of the Inner Detector End-Cap A and pushing back the End-Cap Calorimeter into place, making room for the Toroid End-Cap A. Lots of pondering took place during the testing of the pixel insertion procedure. The tooling which will be used in the cavern to insert the pixel within the silicon detector was fully tested at the surface in the SR1 building by having the whole detector passing through the insertion template when the pixel detector was placed within its transportation carriage. The...

  19. Magnetic

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Essam Aboud; Nabil El-Masry; Atef Qaddah; Faisal Alqahtani; Mohammed R.H. Moufti

    2015-01-01

    .... A joint interpretation and inversion of gravity and magnetic data were used to estimate the thickness of the lava flows, delineate the subsurface structures of the study area, and estimate the depth...

  20. Professional Enterprise NET

    CERN Document Server

    Arking, Jon

    2010-01-01

    Comprehensive coverage to help experienced .NET developers create flexible, extensible enterprise application code If you're an experienced Microsoft .NET developer, you'll find in this book a road map to the latest enterprise development methodologies. It covers the tools you will use in addition to Visual Studio, including Spring.NET and nUnit, and applies to development with ASP.NET, C#, VB, Office (VBA), and database. You will find comprehensive coverage of the tools and practices that professional .NET developers need to master in order to build enterprise more flexible, testable, and ext

  1. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2012-01-01

      The magnet was energised at the beginning of March 2012 at a low current to check all the MSS safety chains. Then the magnet was ramped up to 3.8 T on 6 March 2012. Unfortunately two days later an unintentional switch OFF of the power converter caused a slow dump. This was due to a misunderstanding of the CCC (CERN Control Centre) concerning the procedure to apply for the CMS converter control according to the beam-mode status at that time. Following this event, the third one since 2009, a discussion was initiated to define possible improvement, not only on software and procedures in the CCC, but also to evaluate the possibility to upgrade the CMS hardware to prevent such discharge from occurring because of incorrect procedure implementations. The magnet operation itself was smooth, and no power cuts took place. As a result, the number of magnetic cycles was reduced to the minimum, with only two full magnetic cycles from 0 T to 3.8 T. Nevertheless the magnet suffered four stops of the cryogeni...

  2. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2012-01-01

      Following the unexpected magnet stops last August due to sequences of unfortunate events on the services and cryogenics [see CMS internal report], a few more events and initiatives again disrupted the magnet operation. All the magnet parameters stayed at their nominal values during this period without any fault or alarm on the magnet control and safety systems. The magnet was stopped for the September technical stop to allow interventions in the experimental cavern on the detector services. On 1 October, to prepare the transfer of the liquid nitrogen tank on its new location, several control cables had to be removed. One cable was cut mistakenly, causing a digital input card to switch off, resulting in a cold-box (CB) stop. This tank is used for the pre-cooling of the magnet from room temperature down to 80 K, and for this reason it is controlled through the cryogenics control system. Since the connection of the CB was only allowed for a field below 2 T to avoid the risk of triggering a fast d...

  3. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    2010-01-01

    Operation of the magnet has gone quite smoothly during the first half of this year. The magnet has been at 4.5K for the full period since January. There was an unplanned short stop due to the CERN-wide power outage on May 28th, which caused a slow dump of the magnet. Since this occurred just before a planned technical stop of the LHC, during which access in the experimental cavern was authorized, it was decided to leave the magnet OFF until 2nd June, when magnet was ramped up again to 3.8T. The magnet system experienced a fault also resulting in a slow dump on April 14th. This was triggered by a thermostat on a filter choke in the 20kA DC power converter. The threshold of this thermostat is 65°C. However, no variation in the water-cooling flow rate or temperature was observed. Vibration may have been the root cause of the fault. All the thermostats have been checked, together with the cables, connectors and the read out card. The tightening of the inductance fixations has also been checked. More tem...

  4. New Experiments to Measure the Muon Anomalous Gyromagnetic Moment

    CERN Document Server

    Eads, M

    2015-01-01

    The magnetic moment is a fundamental property of particles. The measurement of these magnetic moments and the comparison with the values predicted by the standard model of particle physics is a way to test our understanding of the fundamental building blocks of our world. In some cases, such as for the electron, this comparison has resulted in confirmation of the standard model with incredible precision. In contrast, the magnetic moment of the muon has shown a long-standing disagreement in the measured and the predicted value. There is currently a tantalizing three-standard-deviation difference between the current best measurement (with a precision of 0.54 ppm) and the state-of-the-art standard model prediction. This represents one of the very few experimental hints for physics beyond the standard model. There are currently two major experimental efforts underway to improve the precision of the muon magnetic moment measurement. The first is an evolution of the E-821 experiment, originally located at Brookhave...

  5. Negative magnetization and zero-field cooled exchange bias effect in Eu0.9Pr0.1CrO3 ceramics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Ping; Deng, Dongmei; Zheng, Jiashun; Li, Qing; Feng, Zhenjie; Kang, Baojuan; Ren, Wei; Jing, Chao; Zhang, Jincang; Cao, Shixun

    2018-02-01

    Interesting magnetic behaviors, including negative magnetization, zero field fooled and field cooled exchange bias effects, have been observed in Eu0.9Pr0.1CrO3. The negative magnetization at low temperature results from the antiparallel coupling between the Pr3+ moment and the canted moment of Cr3+ sublattice. Left shift of zero field cooled M-H loops, and right shift of field cooled M-H loops have been observed, due to the growth and competition of two types of magnetic structures with GxFz (EuCrO3) and GzFx (PrCrO3) orderings under magnetic field. When the cooling field is high enough, the Pr3+ moment is frozen antiparallel with the applied field during the cooling process, giving rise to a positive exchange bias (right shift of M-H). However, when the cooling field is near zero, magnetic clusters with GxFz (EuCrO3) or GzFx (PrCrO3) orderings are formed and distribute randomly during the cooling process, and the net Pr3+ moment get aligned along the applied field during the initial magnetization process to lower the Zeeman energy, and then negative exchange bias (left shift of M-H) appears.

  6. Inquiry-Based Science: Turning Teachable Moments into Learnable Moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haug, Berit S.

    2014-02-01

    This study examines how an inquiry-based approach to teaching and learning creates teachable moments that can foster conceptual understanding in students, and how teachers capitalize upon these moments. Six elementary school teachers were videotaped as they implemented an integrated inquiry-based science and literacy curriculum in their classrooms. In this curriculum, science inquiry implies that students search for evidence in order to make and revise explanations based on the evidence found and through critical and logical thinking. Furthermore, the curriculum material is designed to address science key concepts multiple times through multiple modalities (do it, say it, read it, write it). Two types of teachable moments were identified: planned and spontaneous. Results suggest that the consolidation phases of inquiry, when students reinforce new knowledge and connect their empirical findings to theory, can be considered as planned teachable moments. These are phases of inquiry during which the teacher should expect, and be prepared for, student utterances that create opportunities to further student learning. Spontaneous teachable moments are instances when the teacher must choose to either follow the pace of the curriculum or adapt to the students' need. One implication of the study is that more teacher support is required in terms of how to plan for and effectively utilize the consolidation phases of inquiry.

  7. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2012-01-01

      The magnet and its sub-systems were stopped at the beginning of the winter shutdown on 8th December 2011. The magnet was left without cooling during the cryogenics maintenance until 17th January 2012, when the cryoplant operation resumed. The magnet temperature reached 93 K. The vacuum pumping was maintained during this period. During this shutdown, the yearly maintenance was performed on the cryogenics, the vacuum pumps, the magnet control and safety systems, and the power converter and discharge lines. Several preventive actions led to the replacement of the electrovalve command coils, and the 20A DC power supplies of the magnet control system. The filters were cleaned on the demineralised water circuits. The oil of the diffusion pumps was changed. On the cryogenics, warm nitrogen at 343 K was circulated in the cold box to regenerate the filters and the heat exchangers. The coalescing filters have been replaced at the inlet of both the turbines and the lubricant trapping unit. The active cha...

  8. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2011-01-01

    The CMS magnet has been running steadily and smoothly since the summer, with no detected flaw. The magnet instrumentation is entirely operational and all the parameters are at their nominal values. Three power cuts on the electrical network affected the magnet run in the past five months, with no impact on the data-taking as the accelerator was also affected at the same time. On 22nd June, a thunderstorm caused a power glitch on the service electrical network. The primary water cooling at Point 5 was stopped. Despite a quick restart of the water cooling, the inlet temperature of the demineralised water on the busbar cooling circuit increased by 5 °C, up to 23.3 °C. It was kept below the threshold of 27 °C by switching off other cooling circuits to avoid the trigger of a slow dump of the magnet. The cold box of the cryogenics also stopped. Part of the spare liquid helium volume was used to maintain the cooling of the magnet at 4.5 K. The operators of the cryogenics quickly restarted ...

  9. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    2010-01-01

    The magnet was successfully operated at the end of the year 2009 despite some technical problems on the cryogenics. The magnet was ramped up to 3.8 T at the end of November until December 16th when the shutdown started. The magnet operation met a few unexpected stops. The field was reduced to 3.5 T for about 5 hours on December 3rd due to a faulty pressure sensor on the helium compressor. The following day the CERN CCC stopped unintentionally the power converters of the LHC and the experiments, triggering a ramp down that was stopped at 2.7 T. The magnet was back at 3.8 T about 6 hours after CCC sent the CERN-wide command. Three days later, a slow dump was triggered due to a stop of the pump feeding the power converter water-cooling circuit, during an intervention on the water-cooling plant done after several disturbances on the electrical distribution network. The magnet was back at 3.8 T in the evening the same day. On December 10th a break occurred in one turbine of the cold box producing the liquid ...

  10. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2013-01-01

      The magnet was operated without any problem until the end of the LHC run in February 2013, apart from a CERN-wide power glitch on 10 January 2013 that affected the CMS refrigerator, causing a ramp down to 2 T in order to reconnect the coldbox. Another CERN-wide power glitch on 15 January 2013 didn’t affect the magnet subsystems, the cryoplant or the power converter. At the end of the magnet run, the reconnection of the coldbox at 2.5 T was tested. The process will be updated, in particular the parameters of some PID valve controllers. The helium flow of the current leads was reduced but only for a few seconds. The exercise will be repeated with the revised parameters to validate the automatic reconnection process of the coldbox. During LS1, the water-cooling services will be reduced and many interventions are planned on the electrical services. Therefore, the magnet cryogenics and subsystems will be stopped for several months, and the magnet cannot be kept cold. In order to avoid unc...

  11. Bragg diffraction from magnetic materials

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lebech, B.

    2002-01-01

    -ray scattering when studying crystalline properties of matter. In addition, neutrons possess magnetic moments of the same order of magnitude as the atomic magnetic moments in elements and this makes neutrons highly suited for studies of the order and interactions between the magnetic moments in magnetic...... materials. This will be illustrated by reviewing the ordered magnetic structures found in some simple elements and in some chemically more complex systems containing several magnetic elements. The different scattering techniques (two- and three-axis neutron scattering, small angle neutron scattering...

  12. Image Recognition Using Modified Zernike Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min HUANG

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Zernike moments are complex moments with the orthogonal Zernike polynomials as kernel function, compared with other moments; Zernike moments have greater advantages in image rotation and low noise sensitivity. Because of the Zernike moments have image rotation invariance, and can construct arbitrary high order moments, it can be used for target recognition. In this paper, the Zernike moment algorithm is improved, which makes it having scale invariance in the processing of digital image. At last, an application of the improved Zernike moments in image recognition is given.

  13. τ dipole moments via radiative leptonic τ decays

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eidelman, S. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS,Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University,Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Epifanov, D. [Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics SB RAS,Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); Novosibirsk State University,Novosibirsk 630090 (Russian Federation); The University of Tokyo,7-3-1 Hongo Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Fael, M. [Albert Einstein Center for Fundamental Physics, Institute for Theoretical Physics,University of Bern, CH-3012 Bern (Switzerland); Mercolli, L. [Federal Office of Public Health FOPH,CH-3003 Bern (Switzerland); Passera, M. [INFN - Sezione di Padova,I-35131 Padova (Italy)

    2016-03-21

    We propose a new method to probe the magnetic and electric dipole moments of the τ lepton using precise measurements of the differential rates of radiative leptonic τ decays at high-luminosity B factories. Possible deviations of these moments from the Standard Model values are analyzed in an effective Lagrangian approach, thus providing model-independent results. Analytic expressions for the relevant non-standard contributions to the differential decay rates are presented. Earlier proposals to probe the τ dipole moments are examined. A detailed feasibility study of our method is performed in the conditions of the Belle and Belle II experiments at the KEKB and Super-KEKB colliders, respectively. This study shows that our approach, applied to the planned full set of Belle II data for radiative leptonic τ decays, has the potential to improve the present experimental bound on the τ anomalous magnetic moment. On the contrary, its foreseen sensitivity is not expected to lower the current experimental limit on the τ electric dipole moment.

  14. WaveNet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-30

    Coastal Inlets Research Program WaveNet WaveNet is a web-based, Graphical-User-Interface ( GUI ) data management tool developed for Corps coastal...generates tabular and graphical information for project planning and design documents. The WaveNet is a web-based GUI designed to provide users with a...data from different sources, and employs a combination of Fortran, Python and Matlab codes to process and analyze data for USACE applications

  15. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2011-01-01

    The magnet ran smoothly in the last few months until a fast dump occurred on 9th May 2011. Fortunately, this occurred in the afternoon of the first day of the technical stop. The fast dump was due to a valve position controller that caused the sudden closure of a valve. This valve is used to regulate the helium flow on one of the two current leads, which electrically connects the coil at 4.5 K to the busbars at room temperature. With no helium flow on the lead, the voltage drop and the temperatures across the leads increase up to the defined thresholds, triggering a fast dump through the Magnet Safety System (MSS). The automatic reaction triggered by the MSS worked properly. The helium release was limited as the pressure rise was just at the limit of the safety valve opening pressure. The average temperature of the magnet reached 72 K. It took four days to recover the temperature and refill the helium volumes. The faulty valve controller was replaced by a spare one before the magnet ramp-up resumed....

  16. Coloured Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kurt

    1991-01-01

    This paper describes how Coloured Petri Nets (CP-nets) have been developed — from being a promising theoretical model to being a full-fledged language for the design, specification, simulation, validation and implementation of large software systems (and other systems in which human beings and...... use of CP-nets — because it means that the function representation and the translations (which are a bit mathematically complex) no longer are parts of the basic definition of CP-nets. Instead they are parts of the invariant method (which anyway demands considerable mathematical skills...

  17. Game Coloured Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westergaard, Michael

    2006-01-01

    This paper introduces the notion of game coloured Petri nets. This allows the modeler to explicitly model what parts of the model comprise the modeled system and what parts are the environment of the modeled system. We give the formal definition of game coloured Petri nets, a means of reachability...... analysis of this net class, and an application of game coloured Petri nets to automatically generate easy-to-understand visualizations of the model by exploiting the knowledge that some parts of the model are not interesting from a visualization perspective (i.e. they are part of the environment...

  18. Programming NET Web Services

    CERN Document Server

    Ferrara, Alex

    2007-01-01

    Web services are poised to become a key technology for a wide range of Internet-enabled applications, spanning everything from straight B2B systems to mobile devices and proprietary in-house software. While there are several tools and platforms that can be used for building web services, developers are finding a powerful tool in Microsoft's .NET Framework and Visual Studio .NET. Designed from scratch to support the development of web services, the .NET Framework simplifies the process--programmers find that tasks that took an hour using the SOAP Toolkit take just minutes. Programming .NET

  19. Annotating Coloured Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lindstrøm, Bo; Wells, Lisa Marie

    2002-01-01

    -net. An example of such auxiliary information is a counter which is associated with a token to be able to do performance analysis. Modifying colour sets and arc inscriptions in a CP-net to support a specific use may lead to creation of several slightly different CP-nets – only to support the different uses...... a method which makes it possible to associate auxiliary information, called annotations, with tokens without modifying the colour sets of the CP-net. Annotations are pieces of information that are not essential for determining the behaviour of the system being modelled, but are rather added to support...

  20. A new online database of nuclear electromagnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mertzimekis, Theo J.

    2017-09-01

    Nuclear electromagnetic (EM) moments, i.e., the magnetic dipole and the electric quadrupole moments, provide important information of nuclear structure. As in other types of experimental data available to the community, measurements of nuclear EM moments have been organized systematically in compilations since the dawn of nuclear science. However, the wealth of recent moments measurements with radioactive beams, as well as earlier existing measurements, lack an online, easy-to-access, systematically organized presence to disseminate information to researchers. In addition, available printed compilations suffer a rather long life cycle, being left behind experimental measurements published in journals or elsewhere. A new, online database (http://magneticmoments.info) focusing on nuclear EM moments has been recently developed to disseminate experimental data to the community. The database includes non-evaluated experimental data of nuclear EM moments, giving strong emphasis on frequent updates (life cycle is 3 months) and direct connection to the sources via DOI and NSR hyperlinks. It has been recently integrated in IAEA LiveChart [1], but can also be found as a standalone webapp [2]. A detailed review of the database features, as well as plans for further development and expansion in the near future is discussed.

  1. Quadrupole moment of 203Fr

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilkins, S. G.; Lynch, K. M.; Billowes, J.; Binnersley, C. L.; Bissell, M. L.; Cocolios, T. E.; Goodacre, T. Day; de Groote, R. P.; Farooq-Smith, G. J.; Flanagan, K. T.; Franchoo, S.; Ruiz, R. F. Garcia; Gins, W.; Heylen, H.; Koszorús, Á.; Neyens, G.; Stroke, H. H.; Vernon, A. R.; Wendt, K. D. A.; Yang, X. F.

    2017-09-01

    The spectroscopic electric quadrupole moment of the neutron-deficient francium isotope 203Fr was measured by using high-resolution collinear resonance ionization spectroscopy (CRIS) at the CERN Isotope Separation On-Line Device (ISOLDE) facility. A remeasurement of the 207Fr quadrupole moment was also performed, resulting in a departure from the established literature value. A sudden increase in magnitude of the 203Fr quadrupole moment, with respect to the general trend in the region, points to an onset of static deformation at N =116 in the 87Fr isotopic chain. Calculation of the static and total deformation parameters show that the increase in static deformation only cannot account for the observed departure of its relative charge radius from the 82Pb chain.

  2. Stochastic Generalized Method of Moments

    KAUST Repository

    Yin, Guosheng

    2011-08-16

    The generalized method of moments (GMM) is a very popular estimation and inference procedure based on moment conditions. When likelihood-based methods are difficult to implement, one can often derive various moment conditions and construct the GMM objective function. However, minimization of the objective function in the GMM may be challenging, especially over a large parameter space. Due to the special structure of the GMM, we propose a new sampling-based algorithm, the stochastic GMM sampler, which replaces the multivariate minimization problem by a series of conditional sampling procedures. We develop the theoretical properties of the proposed iterative Monte Carlo method, and demonstrate its superior performance over other GMM estimation procedures in simulation studies. As an illustration, we apply the stochastic GMM sampler to a Medfly life longevity study. Supplemental materials for the article are available online. © 2011 American Statistical Association.

  3. Robots arm motion representation in Petri NETS using sequent calculus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syed Uzair Ahmad

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available There are many sort of motion in robots structure. Such as the robot locomotion robot jumps robots picking and so on but all are presented through Petri NETS. The one motion which is also the important one and most worthy motion of the robots is the robots arm motion. Which till yet not represented through Petri NETS. In this paper we are going to represent the motion of the robot arm in different angles and different aspect, such as up, down, circular, back and front moment of the robot arm, through Petri net we can present the complex form of motions into simplex paths.

  4. Moment Distributions of Phase Type

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bladt, Mogens; Nielsen, Bo Friis

    In this paper we prove that the class of distributions on the positive reals with a rational Laplace transform, also known as matrix-exponential distributions, is closed under formation of moment distributions. In particular, the results are hence valid for the well known class of phase-type dist......In this paper we prove that the class of distributions on the positive reals with a rational Laplace transform, also known as matrix-exponential distributions, is closed under formation of moment distributions. In particular, the results are hence valid for the well known class of phase...

  5. Method of moments in electromagnetics

    CERN Document Server

    Gibson, Walton C

    2007-01-01

    Responding to the need for a clear, up-to-date introduction to the field, The Method of Moments in Electromagnetics explores surface integral equations in electromagnetics and presents their numerical solution using the method of moments (MOM) technique. It provides the numerical implementation aspects at a nuts-and-bolts level while discussing integral equations and electromagnetic theory at a higher level. The author covers a range of topics in this area, from the initial underpinnings of the MOM to its current applications. He first reviews the frequency-domain electromagnetic theory and t

  6. Nanoscale magnetism and novel electronic properties of a bilayer bismuth(111) film with vacancies and chemical doping.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahoo, M P K; Zhang, Yajun; Wang, Jie

    2016-07-27

    Magnetically doped topological insulators (TIs) exhibit several exotic phenomena including the magnetoelectric effect and quantum anomalous Hall effect. However, from an experimental perspective, incorporation of spin moment into 3D TIs is still challenging. Thus, instead of 3D TIs, the 2D form of TIs may open up new opportunities to induce magnetism. Based on first principles calculations, we demonstrate a novel strategy to realize robust magnetism and exotic electronic properties in a 2D TI [bilayer Bi(111) film: abbreviated as Bi(111)]. We examine the magnetic and electronic properties of Bi(111) with defects such as bismuth monovacancies (MVs) and divacancies (DVs), and these defects decorated with 3d transition metals (TMs). It has been observed that the MV in Bi(111) can induce novel half metallicity with a net magnetic moment of 1 μB. The origin of half metallicity and magnetism in MV/Bi(111) is further explained by the passivation of the σ-dangling bonds near the defect site. Furthermore, in spite of the nonmagnetic nature of DVs, the TMs (V, Cr, Mn, and Fe) trapped at the 5/8/5 defect structure of DVs can not only yield a much higher spin moment than those trapped at the MVs but also display intriguing electronic properties such as metallic, semiconducting and spin gapless semiconducting properties. The predicted magnetic and electronic properties of TM/DV/Bi(111) systems are explained through density of states, spin density distribution and Bader charge analysis.

  7. Micrometer-scale magnetic imaging of geological samples using a quantum diamond microscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Glenn, D. R.; Fu, R. R.; Kehayias, P.; Le Sage, D.; Lima, E. A.; Weiss, B. P.; Walsworth, R. L.

    2017-08-01

    Remanent magnetization in geological samples may record the past intensity and direction of planetary magnetic fields. Traditionally, this magnetization is analyzed through measurements of the net magnetic moment of bulk millimeter to centimeter sized samples. However, geological samples are often mineralogically and texturally heterogeneous at submillimeter scales, with only a fraction of the ferromagnetic grains carrying the remanent magnetization of interest. Therefore, characterizing this magnetization in such cases requires a technique capable of imaging magnetic fields at fine spatial scales and with high sensitivity. To address this challenge, we developed a new instrument, based on nitrogen-vacancy centers in diamond, which enables direct imaging of magnetic fields due to both remanent and induced magnetization, as well as optical imaging, of room-temperature geological samples with spatial resolution approaching the optical diffraction limit. We describe the operating principles of this device, which we call the quantum diamond microscope (QDM), and report its optimized image-area-normalized magnetic field sensitivity (20 µTṡµm/Hz1/2), spatial resolution (5 µm), and field of view (4 mm), as well as trade-offs between these parameters. We also perform an absolute magnetic field calibration for the device in different modes of operation, including three-axis (vector) and single-axis (projective) magnetic field imaging. Finally, we use the QDM to obtain magnetic images of several terrestrial and meteoritic rock samples, demonstrating its ability to resolve spatially distinct populations of ferromagnetic carriers.

  8. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    MAGNET During the winter shutdown, the magnet subsystems went through a full maintenance. The magnet was successfully warmed up to room temperature beginning of December 2008. The vacuum was broken later on by injecting nitrogen at a pressure just above one atmosphere inside the vacuum tank. This was necessary both to prevent any accidental humidity ingress, and to allow for a modification of the vacuum gauges on the vacuum tank and maintenance of the diffusion pumps. The vacuum gauges had to be changed, because of erratic variations on the measurements, causing spurious alarms. The new type of vacuum gauges has been used in similar conditions on the other LHC experiments and without problems. They are shielded against the stray field. The lubricants of the primary and diffusion pumps have been changed. Several minor modifications were also carried out on the equipment in the service cavern, with the aim to ease the maintenance and to allow possible intervention during operation. Spare sensors have been bough...

  9. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    2010-01-01

    The magnet worked very well at 3.8 T as expected, despite a technical issue that manifested twice in the cryogenics since June. All the other magnet sub-systems worked without flaw. The issue in the cryogenics was with the cold box: it could be observed that the cold box was getting progressively blocked, due to some residual humidity and air accumulating in the first thermal exchanger and in the adsorber at 65 K. This was later confirmed by the analysis during the regeneration phases. An increase in the temperature difference between the helium inlet and outlet across the heat exchanger and a pressure drop increase on the filter of the adsorber were observed. The consequence was a reduction of the helium flow, first compensated by the automatic opening of the regulation valves. But once they were fully opened, the flow and refrigeration power reduced as a consequence. In such a situation, the liquid helium level in the helium Dewar decreased, eventually causing a ramp down of the magnet current and a field...

  10. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé.

    The magnet operation restarted end of June this year. Quick routine checks of the magnet sub-systems were performed at low current before starting the ramps up to higher field. It appeared clearly that the end of the field ramp down to zero was too long to be compatible with the detector commissioning and operations plans. It was decided to perform an upgrade to keep the ramp down from 3.8T to zero within 4 hours. On July 10th, when a field of 1.5T was reached, small movements were observed in the forward region support table and it was decided to fix this problem before going to higher field. At the end of July the ramps could be resumed. On July 28th, the field was at 3.8T and the summer CRAFT exercise could start. This run in August went smoothly until a general CERN wide power cut took place on August 3rd, due to an insulation fault on the high voltage network outside point 5. It affected the magnet powering electrical circuit, as it caused the opening of the main circuit breakers, resulting in a fast du...

  11. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    2013-01-01

    The magnet is fully stopped and at room temperature. The maintenance works and consolidation activities on the magnet sub-systems are progressing. To consolidate the cryogenic installation, two redundant helium compressors will be installed as ‘hot spares’, to avoid the risk of a magnet downtime in case of a major failure of a compressor unit during operation. The screw compressors, their motors, the mechanical couplings and the concrete blocks are already available and stored at P5. The metallic structure used to access the existing compressors in SH5 will be modified to allow the installation of the two redundant ones. The plan is to finish the installation and commissioning of the hot spare compressors before the summer 2014. In the meantime, a bypass on the high-pressure helium piping will be installed for the connection of a helium drier unit later during the Long Shutdown 1, keeping this installation out of the schedule critical path. A proposal is now being prepared for the con...

  12. Net zero water

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lindeque, M

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Is it possible to develop a building that uses a net zero amount of water? In recent years it has become evident that it is possible to have buildings that use a net zero amount of electricity. This is possible when the building is taken off...

  13. SolNet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jordan, Ulrike; Vajen, Klaus; Bales, Chris

    2014-01-01

    SolNet, founded in 2006, is the first coordinated International PhD education program on Solar Thermal Engineering. The SolNet network is coordinated by the Institute of Thermal Engineering at Kassel University, Germany. The network offers PhD courses on solar heating and cooling, conference...

  14. Kunstige neurale net

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hørning, Annette

    1994-01-01

    Artiklen beskæftiger sig med muligheden for at anvende kunstige neurale net i forbindelse med datamatisk procession af naturligt sprog, specielt automatisk talegenkendelse.......Artiklen beskæftiger sig med muligheden for at anvende kunstige neurale net i forbindelse med datamatisk procession af naturligt sprog, specielt automatisk talegenkendelse....

  15. Quiet Moment around the Campfire

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2014-06-18

    Byron Breedlove reads his essay, "Quiet Moment around the Campfire," about the art of Frederic Remington and the transmission of pathogens as frontiers expand.  Created: 6/18/2014 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID).   Date Released: 6/19/2014.

  16. Measuring the Moment of Inertia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lehmberg, George L.

    1978-01-01

    Two physics experiments are described, One, involving a laboratory cart accelerated along a level surface, examines the concept of inertial mass in translation and the other, using a solid cylinder, measures the moment of inertia of a wheel. Equations and illustrations are included. (MA)

  17. Particle electric dipole-moments

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pendlebury, J.M. [Sussex Univ., Brighton (United Kingdom)

    1997-04-01

    The incentive to detect particle electric dipole-moments, as a window on time-reversal violation, remains undiminished. Efforts to improve the measurements for the neutron, the electron and some nuclei are still making rapid progress as more powerful experimental methods are brought to bear. A new measurement for the neutron at ILL is presented. (author). 7 refs.

  18. Spins, moments and charge radii beyond $^{48}$Ca

    CERN Multimedia

    Neyens, G; Rajabali, M M; Hammen, M; Blaum, K; Froemmgen, N E; Garcia ruiz, R F; Kreim, K D; Budincevic, I

    Laser spectroscopy of $^{49-54}$Ca is proposed as a continuation of the experimental theme initiated with IS484 “Ground-state properties of K-isotopes from laser and $\\beta$-NMR spectroscopy” and expanded in INTC-I-117 “Moments, Spins and Charge Radii Beyond $^{48}$Ca.” It is anticipated that the charge radii of these isotopes can show strong evidence for the existence of a sub-shell closure at N=32 and could provide a first tentative investigation into the existence of a shell effect at N=34. Furthermore the proposed experiments will simultaneously provide model-independent measurements of the spins, magnetic moments and quadrupole moments of $^{51,53}$Ca permitting existing and future excitation spectra to be pinned to firm unambiguous ground states.

  19. Charge radii and nuclear moments around {sup 132}Sn

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Le Blanc, F.; Cabaret, L.; Cottereau, E.; Crawford, J.E.; Essabaa, S.; Genevey, J.; Horn, R.; Huber, G.; Lassen, J.; Lee, J.K.P.; Le Scornet, G.; Obert, J.; Oms, J.; Ouchrif, A.; Pinard, J.; Roussiere, B.; Sauvage, J.; Verney, D

    2004-04-05

    Laser spectroscopy measurements have been carried out on the very neutron-rich tin isotopes with the COMPLIS experimental setup. Using the 5s{sup 2}5p{sup 23}P{sub 0} {yields} 5s{sup 2}5p6s {sup 3}P{sub 1} optical transition, hyperfine spectra of {sup 126-132}Sn and {sup 125m,127m,129m-131m}Sn where recorded for the first time. The variation of the mean square charge radius ({delta} < r{sup 2} >) between these nuclei and the nuclear moments of the isomers and the odd isotopes were thus measured. From the quadrupole moments values, all these nuclei appear to be spherical. The experimental magnetic moments are thus compared with the Schmidt values calculations. Moreover, the measured {delta} < r{sup 2} > are compared with several mean field calculations.

  20. Invariant hip moment pattern while walking with a robotic hip exoskeleton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Cara L.; Ferris, Daniel P.

    2011-01-01

    Robotic lower limb exoskeletons hold significant potential for gait assistance and rehabilitation; however, we have a limited understanding of how people adapt to walking with robotic devices. The purpose of this study was to test the hypothesis that people reduce net muscle moments about their joints when robotic assistance is provided. This reduction in muscle moment results in a total joint moment (muscle plus exoskeleton) that is the same as the moment without the robotic assistance despite potential differences in joint angles. To test this hypothesis, eight healthy subjects trained with the robotic hip exoskeleton while walking on a force-measuring treadmill. The exoskeleton provided hip flexion assistance from approximately 33% to 53% of the gait cycle. We calculated the root mean squared difference (RMSD) between the average of data from the last 15 minutes of the powered condition and the unpowered condition. After completing three 30-minute training sessions, the hip exoskeleton provided 27% of the total peak hip flexion moment during gait. Despite this substantial contribution from the exoskeleton, subjects walked with a total hip moment pattern (muscle plus exoskeleton) that was almost identical and more similar to the unpowered condition than the hip angle pattern (hip moment RMSD 0.027, angle RMSD 0.134, p<0.001). The angle and moment RMSD were not different for the knee and ankle joints. These findings support the concept that people adopt walking patterns with similar joint moment patterns despite differences in hip joint angles for a given walking speed. PMID:21333995

  1. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    The magnet subsystems resumed operation early this spring. The vacuum pumping was restarted mid March, and the cryogenic power plant was restarted on March 30th. Three and a half weeks later, the magnet was at 4.5 K. The vacuum pumping system is performing well. One of the newly installed vacuum gauges had to be replaced at the end of the cool-down phase, as the values indicated were not coherent with the other pressure measurements. The correction had to be implemented quickly to be sure no helium leak could be at the origin of this anomaly. The pressure measurements have been stable and coherent since the change. The cryogenics worked well, and the cool-down went quite smoothly, without any particular difficulty. The automated start of the turbines had to be fine-tuned to get a smooth transition, as it was observed that the cooling power delivered by the turbines was slightly higher than needed, causing the cold box to stop automatically. This had no consequence as the cold box safety system acts to keep ...

  2. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    During the winter shutdown, the magnet subsystems went through a full maintenance. The magnet was successfully warmed up to room temperature beginning of December 2008. The vacuum was broken later on by injecting nitrogen at a pressure just above one atmosphere inside the vacuum tank. This was necessary both to prevent any accidental humidity ingress, and to allow for a modification of the vacuum gauges on the vacuum tank and maintenance of the diffusion pumps. The vacuum gauges had to be changed, because of erratic variations on the measurements, causing spurious alarms. The new type of vacuum gauges has been used in similar conditions on the other LHC experiments and without problems. They are shielded against the stray field. The lubricants of the primary and diffusion pumps have been changed. Several minor modifications were also carried out on the equipment in the service cavern, with the aim to ease the maintenance and to allow possible intervention during operation. Spare sensors have been bought. Th...

  3. Pro NET Best Practices

    CERN Document Server

    Ritchie, Stephen D

    2011-01-01

    Pro .NET Best Practices is a practical reference to the best practices that you can apply to your .NET projects today. You will learn standards, techniques, and conventions that are sharply focused, realistic and helpful for achieving results, steering clear of unproven, idealistic, and impractical recommendations. Pro .NET Best Practices covers a broad range of practices and principles that development experts agree are the right ways to develop software, which includes continuous integration, automated testing, automated deployment, and code analysis. Whether the solution is from a free and

  4. Getting to Net Zero

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    2016-09-01

    The technology necessary to build net zero energy buildings (NZEBs) is ready and available today, however, building to net zero energy performance levels can be challenging. Energy efficiency measures, onsite energy generation resources, load matching and grid interaction, climatic factors, and local policies vary from location to location and require unique methods of constructing NZEBs. It is recommended that Components start looking into how to construct and operate NZEBs now as there is a learning curve to net zero construction and FY 2020 is just around the corner.

  5. Instant Lucene.NET

    CERN Document Server

    Heydt, Michael

    2013-01-01

    Filled with practical, step-by-step instructions and clear explanations for the most important and useful tasks. A step-by-step guide that helps you to index, search, and retrieve unstructured data with the help of Lucene.NET.Instant Lucene.NET How-to is essential for developers new to Lucene and Lucene.NET who are looking to get an immediate foundational understanding of how to use the library in their application. It's assumed you have programming experience in C# already, but not that you have experience with search techniques such as information retrieval theory (although there will be a l

  6. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type graphene, BN and BC2N nanoribbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, T.; Azevedo, S.; Kaschny, J. R.

    2017-04-01

    Graphene nanoribbons are predicted to be essential components in future nanoelectronics. The size, edge type, arrangement of atoms and width of nanoribbons drastically change their properties. Boronnitrogencarbon nanoribbons properties are not fully understood so far. In the present contribution it was investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type carbon, boron nitride and BC2N nanoribbons, using first-principles calculations. The results indicate that the structural stability is closely related to the discrepancies in the bond lengths, which can induce structural deformations and stress. Such nanoribbons present a wide range of electronic behaviors, depending on their composition and particularities of the atomic arrangement. A net magnetic moment is found for structures that present carbon atoms at the nanoribbon borders. Nevertheless, the calculated magnetic moment depends on the peculiarities of the symmetric arrangement of atoms and imbalance of carbon atoms between different sublattices. It was found that all structures which have a significant energy gap do not present magnetic moment, and vice-versa. Such result indicates the strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties of the chevron-type nanoribbons.

  7. Net Zero Energy Buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Marszal, Anna Joanna; Bourrelle, Julien S.; Musall, Eike

    2010-01-01

    and identify possible renewable energy supply options which may be considered in calculations. Finally, the gap between the methodology proposed by each organisation and their respective national building code is assessed; providing an overview of the possible changes building codes will need to undergo......The international cooperation project IEA SHC Task 40 / ECBCS Annex 52 “Towards Net Zero Energy Solar Buildings”, attempts to develop a common understanding and to set up the basis for an international definition framework of Net Zero Energy Buildings (Net ZEBs). The understanding of such buildings...... parameters used in the calculations are discussed and the various renewable supply options considered in the methodologies are summarised graphically. Thus, the paper helps to understand different existing approaches to calculate energy balance in Net ZEBs, highlights the importance of variables selection...

  8. PhysioNet

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Department of Health & Human Services — The PhysioNet Resource is intended to stimulate current research and new investigations in the study of complex biomedical and physiologic signals. It offers free...

  9. NetSig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Horn, Heiko; Lawrence, Michael S; Chouinard, Candace R

    2018-01-01

    Methods that integrate molecular network information and tumor genome data could complement gene-based statistical tests to identify likely new cancer genes; but such approaches are challenging to validate at scale, and their predictive value remains unclear. We developed a robust statistic (Net......Sig) that integrates protein interaction networks with data from 4,742 tumor exomes. NetSig can accurately classify known driver genes in 60% of tested tumor types and predicts 62 new driver candidates. Using a quantitative experimental framework to determine in vivo tumorigenic potential in mice, we found that Net......Sig candidates induce tumors at rates that are comparable to those of known oncogenes and are ten-fold higher than those of random genes. By reanalyzing nine tumor-inducing NetSig candidates in 242 patients with oncogene-negative lung adenocarcinomas, we find that two (AKT2 and TFDP2) are significantly amplified...

  10. Modulation of joint moments and work in the goat hindlimb with locomotor speed and surface grade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnold, Allison S; Lee, David V; Biewener, Andrew A

    2013-06-15

    Goats and other quadrupeds must modulate the work output of their muscles to accommodate the changing mechanical demands associated with locomotion in their natural environments. This study examined which hindlimb joint moments goats use to generate and absorb mechanical energy on level and sloped surfaces over a range of locomotor speeds. Ground reaction forces and the three-dimensional locations of joint markers were recorded as goats walked, trotted and galloped over 0, +15 and -15 deg sloped surfaces. Net joint moments, powers and work were estimated at the goats' hip, knee, ankle and metatarsophalangeal joints throughout the stance phase via inverse dynamics calculations. Differences in locomotor speed on the level, inclined and declined surfaces were characterized and accounted for by fitting regression equations to the joint moment, power and work data plotted versus non-dimensionalized speed. During level locomotion, the net work generated by moments at each of the hindlimb joints was small (less than 0.1 J kg(-1) body mass) and did not vary substantially with gait or locomotor speed. During uphill running, by contrast, mechanical energy was generated at the hip, knee and ankle, and the net work at each of these joints increased dramatically with speed (Pgoats generated larger knee extension moments in the first half of stance, absorbing energy as the knee flexed, and goats generated smaller ankle extension moments in the second half of stance, delivering less energy. The goats' hip extension moment in mid-stance was also diminished, contributing to the decrease in energy. These analyses offer new insight into quadrupedal locomotion, clarifying how the moments generated by hindlimb muscles modulate mechanical energy at different locomotor speeds and grades, as needed to accommodate the demands of variable terrain.

  11. Three-Dimensional Multi-fluid Moment Simulation of Ganymede

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, L.; Germaschewski, K.; Hakim, A.; Bhattacharjee, A.; Dong, C.

    2016-12-01

    Plasmas in space environments, such as solar wind and Earth's magnetosphere, are often constituted of multiple species. Conventional MHD-based, single-fluid systems, have additional complications when multiple fluid species are introduced. We suggest space application of an alternative multi-fluid moment approach, treating each species on equal footing using exact evolution equations for moments of their distribution function, and electromagnetic fields through full Maxwell equations. Non-ideal effects like Hall effect, inertia, and even tensorial pressures, are self-consistently embedded without the need to explicitly solve a complicated Ohm's law. Previously, we have benchmarked this approach in classical test problems like the Orszag-Tang vortex and GEM reconnection challenge problem. Recently, we performed three-dimensional two-fluid simulation of the magnetosphere of Ganymede, using both five-moment (scalar pressures) and ten-moment (tensorial pressures) models. In both models, the formation of Alfven wing structure due to subsonic inflow is correctly captured, and the magnetic field data agree well with in-situ measurements from the Galileo flyby G8. The ten-moment simulation also showed the contribution of pressure tensor divergence to the reconnecting electric field. Initial results of coupling to state-of-art global simulation codes like OpenGGCM will also be shown, which will in the future provide a rigorous way for integration of ionospheric physics.

  12. Low-moment ferrimagnetic phase of the Heusler compound Cr{sub 2}CoAl

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jamer, Michelle E., E-mail: jamermic@gmail.com [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Marshall, Luke G. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Sterbinsky, George E. [Photon Sciences Directorate, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973 (United States); Lewis, Laura H. [Department of Chemical Engineering, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States); Heiman, Don [Department of Physics, Northeastern University, Boston, MA 02115 (United States)

    2015-11-15

    Synthesizing half-metallic fully compensated ferrimagnets that form in the inverse Heusler phase could lead to superior spintronic devices. These materials would have high spin polarization at room temperature with very little fringing magnetic fields. Previous theoretical studies indicated that Cr{sub 2}CoAl should form in a stable inverse Heusler lattice due to its low activation energy. Here, stoichiometric Cr{sub 2}CoAl samples were arc-melted and annealed at varying temperatures, followed by studies of their structural and magnetic properties. High-resolution synchrotron X-ray diffraction revealed a chemically ordered Heusler phase in addition to CoAl and Cr phases. Soft X-ray magnetic circular dichroism revealed that the Cr and Co magnetic moments are antiferromagnetically oriented leading to the observed low magnetic moment in Cr{sub 2}CoAl. - Highlights: • Ordered Cr{sub 2}CoAl was synthesized via arc-melting stoichiometric constituents and annealing at various temperatures. • SQUID magnetometry revealed a low-moment ferromagnetic phase with a large Curie temperature (T{sub c} = 750 K). • X-ray magnetic circular dichroism measurements determined that the Cr and Co atomic moments are antiferromagnetically coupled. • Future spintronic devices could benefit from this compound's large Curie temperature and low magnetic moment.

  13. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type graphene, BN and BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Guerra, T.; Azevedo, S. [Departamento de Física/CCEN, Universidade Federal da Paraíba, Caixa Postal 5008, 58051-900 João Pessoa, PB (Brazil); Kaschny, J.R. [Instituto Federal da Bahia-Campus Vitória da Conquista, Caixa Postal 3150, 45075-265 Vitória da Conquista, BA (Brazil)

    2017-04-15

    Graphene nanoribbons are predicted to be essential components in future nanoelectronics. The size, edge type, arrangement of atoms and width of nanoribbons drastically change their properties. Boronnitrogencarbon nanoribbons properties are not fully understood so far. In the present contribution it was investigated the structural, electronic and magnetic properties of chevron-type carbon, boron nitride and BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons, using first-principles calculations. The results indicate that the structural stability is closely related to the discrepancies in the bond lengths, which can induce structural deformations and stress. Such nanoribbons present a wide range of electronic behaviors, depending on their composition and particularities of the atomic arrangement. A net magnetic moment is found for structures that present carbon atoms at the nanoribbon borders. Nevertheless, the calculated magnetic moment depends on the peculiarities of the symmetric arrangement of atoms and imbalance of carbon atoms between different sublattices. It was found that all structures which have a significant energy gap do not present magnetic moment, and vice-versa. Such result indicates the strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties of the chevron-type nanoribbons. - Highlights: • Small discrepancies between distinct bond lengths can influence the formation energy of the BC{sub 2}N nanoribbons. • The electronic behavior of the BC{sub 2}N chevron-type nanoribbons depends on the atomic arrangement and structural symmetries. • There is a strong correlation between the electronic and magnetic properties for the BC{sub 2}N structures.

  14. TideNet

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-10-30

    query tide data sources in a desired geographic region of USA and its territories (Figure 1). Users can select a tide data source through the Google Map ...select data sources according to the desired geographic region. It uses the Google Map interface to display data from different sources. Recent...Coastal Inlets Research Program TideNet The TideNet is a web-based Graphical User Interface (GUI) that provides users with GIS mapping tools to

  15. Building Neural Net Software

    OpenAIRE

    Neto, João Pedro; Costa, José Félix

    1999-01-01

    In a recent paper [Neto et al. 97] we showed that programming languages can be translated on recurrent (analog, rational weighted) neural nets. The goal was not efficiency but simplicity. Indeed we used a number-theoretic approach to machine programming, where (integer) numbers were coded in a unary fashion, introducing a exponential slow down in the computations, with respect to a two-symbol tape Turing machine. Implementation of programming languages in neural nets turns to be not only theo...

  16. Interaction Nets in Russian

    OpenAIRE

    Salikhmetov, Anton

    2013-01-01

    Draft translation to Russian of Chapter 7, Interaction-Based Models of Computation, from Models of Computation: An Introduction to Computability Theory by Maribel Fernandez. "In this chapter, we study interaction nets, a model of computation that can be seen as a representative of a class of models based on the notion of 'computation as interaction'. Interaction nets are a graphical model of computation devised by Yves Lafont in 1990 as a generalisation of the proof structures of linear logic...

  17. Programming NET 35

    CERN Document Server

    Liberty, Jesse

    2009-01-01

    Bestselling author Jesse Liberty and industry expert Alex Horovitz uncover the common threads that unite the .NET 3.5 technologies, so you can benefit from the best practices and architectural patterns baked into the new Microsoft frameworks. The book offers a Grand Tour" of .NET 3.5 that describes how the principal technologies can be used together, with Ajax, to build modern n-tier and service-oriented applications. "

  18. Spontaneous magnetization of solid quark-cluster stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lai, Xiao-Yu; Xu, Ren-Xin

    2016-09-01

    Pulsar-like compact stars usually have strong magnetic fields, with strengths from ˜ 108 to ˜ 1012 G on the surface. How such strong magnetic fields can be generated and maintained is still an unsolved problem, which is, in principle, related to the interior structure of compact stars, i.e., the equation of state of cold matter at supra-nuclear density. In this paper we are trying to solve the problem in the regime of solid quark-cluster stars. Inside quark-cluster stars, the extremely low ratio of number density of electrons to that of baryons ne/nb and the screening effect from quark-clusters could reduce the long-range Coulomb interaction between electrons to short-range interaction. In this case, Stoner’s model could apply, and we find that the condition for ferromagnetism is consistent with that for the validity of Stoner’s model. Under the screened Coulomb repulsion, the electrons inside the stars could be spontaneously magnetized and become ferromagnetic, and hence would contribute non-zero net magnetic momentum to the whole star. We conclude that, for most cases in solid quark-cluster stars, the amount of net magnetic momentum, which is proportional to the amount of unbalanced spins ξ = (n+ - n-)/ne and depends on the number density of electrons ne = n+ + n-, could be significant with non-zero ξ. The net magnetic moments of electron system in solid quark-cluster stars could be large enough to induce the observed magnetic fields for pulsars with B ˜ 1011 to ˜ 1013 G. Supported by 973 Program (2012CB821801), West Light Foundation (XBBS-2014-23), National Natural Science Foundation of China (11203018, 11225314, 11365022), Science Project of Universities in Xinjiang (XJEDU2012S02) and Doctoral Science Foundation of Xinjiang University (BS120107)

  19. Plantar flexor moment arm and muscle volume predict torque-generating capacity in young men.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baxter, Josh R; Piazza, Stephen J

    2014-03-01

    Muscle volume is known to correlate with maximal joint torque in humans, but the role of muscle moment arm in determining maximal torque is less clear. Moderate correlations have been reported between maximal isometric knee extensor torque and knee extensor moment arm, but no such observations have been made for the ankle joint. It has been suggested that smaller muscle moment arms may enhance force generation at high rates of joint rotation, but this has not yet been observed for ankle muscles in vivo. The purpose of the present study was to correlate plantar flexor moment arm and plantar flexor muscle volume with maximal plantar flexor torque measured at different rates of plantar flexion. Magnetic resonance imaging was used to quantify the plantar flexor moment arm and muscle volume of the posterior compartment in 20 healthy young men. Maximal plantar flexor torque was measured isometrically and at three plantar flexion speeds using an isokinetic dynamometer. Plantar flexor torque was significantly correlated with muscle volume (0.222 muscle moment arm at each speed (0.323 muscle volume was strongly correlated with body mass and stature, moment arm was not. The slope of the torque-moment arm regression line decreased as the rate of joint rotation increased, indicating that subjects with small moment arms experienced smaller reductions in torque at high speeds. The findings of this study suggest that plantar flexor moment arm is a determinant of joint strength that is at least as important as muscle size.

  20. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    B. Curé

    The first phase of the commissioning ended in August by a triggered fast dump at 3T. All parameters were nominal, and the temperature recovery down to 4.5K was carried out in two days by the cryogenics. In September, series of ramps were achieved up to 3 and finally 3.8T, while checking thoroughly the detectors in the forward region, measuring any movement of and around the HF. After the incident of the LHC accelerator on September 19th, corrective actions could be undertaken in the forward region. When all these displacements were fully characterized and repetitive, with no sign of increments in displacement at each field ramp, it was possible to start the CRAFT, Cosmic Run at Four Tesla (which was in fact at 3.8T). The magnet was ramped up to 18.16kA and the 3 week run went smoothly, with only 4 interruptions: due to the VIP visits on 21st October during the LHC inauguration day; a water leak on the cooling demineralized water circuit, about 1 l/min, that triggered a stop of the cooling pumps, and resulte...

  1. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    The cooling down to the nominal temperature of 4.5 K was achieved at the beginning of August, in conjunction with the completion of the installation work of the connection between the power lines and the coil current leads. The temperature gradient on the first exchanger of the cold box is now kept within the nominal range. A leak of lubricant on a gasket of the helium compressor station installed at the surface was observed and several corrective actions were necessary to bring the situation back to normal. The compressor had to be refilled with lubricant and a regeneration of the filters and adsorbers was necessary. The coil cool down was resumed successfully, and the cryogenics is running since then with all parameters being nominal. Preliminary tests of the 20kA coil power supply were done earlier at full current through the discharge lines into the dump resistors, and with the powering busbars from USC5 to UXC5 without the magnet connected. On Monday evening August 25th, at 8pm, the final commissionin...

  2. MAGNET

    CERN Multimedia

    Benoit Curé

    2013-01-01

    Maintenance work and consolidation activities on the magnet cryogenics and its power distribution are progressing according to the schedules. The manufacturing of the two new helium compressor frame units has started. The frame units support the valves, all the sensors and the compressors with their motors. This activity is subcontracted. The final installation and the commissioning at CERN are scheduled for March–April 2014. The overhauls of existing cryogenics equipment (compressors, motors) are in progress. The reassembly of the components shall start in early 2014. The helium drier, to be installed on the high-pressure helium piping, has been ordered and will be delivered in the first trimester of 2014. The power distribution for the helium compressors in SH5 on the 3.3kV network is progressing. The 3.3kV switches, between each compressor and its hot spare compressor, are being installed, together with the power cables for the new compressors. The 3.3kV electrical switchboards in SE5 will ...

  3. Moment Closure for the Stochastic Logistic Model

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Singh, Abhyudai; Hespanha, Joao P

    2006-01-01

    ..., which we refer to as the moment closure function. In this paper, a systematic procedure for constructing moment closure functions of arbitrary order is presented for the stochastic logistic model...

  4. Nuclear Quadrupole Moments and Nuclear Shell Structure

    Science.gov (United States)

    Townes, C. H.; Foley, H. M.; Low, W.

    1950-06-23

    Describes a simple model, based on nuclear shell considerations, which leads to the proper behavior of known nuclear quadrupole moments, although predictions of the magnitudes of some quadrupole moments are seriously in error.

  5. Defining moments in leadership character development.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bleich, Michael R

    2015-06-01

    Critical moments in life define one's character and clarify true values. Reflective leadership is espoused as an important practice for transformational leaders. Professional development educators can help surface and explore defining moments, strengthen leadership behavior with defining moments as a catalyst for change, and create safe spaces for leaders to expand their leadership capacity. Copyright 2015, SLACK Incorporated.

  6. On the interpretation of the support moment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hof, AL

    2000-01-01

    It has been suggested by Winter (J. Biomech. 13 (1980) 923-927) that the 'support moment', the sum of the sagittal extension moments, shows less variability in walking than any of the joint moments separately. A simple model is put forward to explain this finding. It is proposed to reformulate the

  7. The Krein condition for the moment problem

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Henrik Laurberg

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, we describe a class of Wiener functionals that are `indeterminate by their moments', that is, whose distributions are not uniquely determined by their moments. In particular, it is proved that the integral of a geometric Brownian motion is indeterminate by its moments and, moreover...

  8. Size and thickness effect on magnetic structures of maghemite hollow magnetic nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sayed, Fatima; Labaye, Yvan, E-mail: yvan.labaye@univ-lemans.fr [Université du Maine, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans CNRS UMR-6283 (France); Sayed Hassan, Rodaina; El Haj Hassan, Fouad [Université Libanaise, Faculté des Sciences Section I, MPLAB (Lebanon); Yaacoub, Nader, E-mail: nader.yaacoub@univ-lemans.fr; Greneche, Jean-Marc [Université du Maine, Institut des Molécules et Matériaux du Mans CNRS UMR-6283 (France)

    2016-09-15

    The effect of surface anisotropy on the magnetic ground state of hollow maghemite nanoparticles is investigated using atomistic Monte Carlo simulation. The computer modeling is carried on hollow nanostructures as a function of size and shell thickness. It is found that the large contribution of the surface anisotropy imposes a “throttled” spin structure where the moments located at the outer surface tend to orient normal to the surface while those located at the inner surface appear to be more aligned. For increasing values of surface anisotropy in the frame of a radial model, the magnetic moments become radially oriented either inward or outward giving rise to a “hedgehog” configuration with nearly zero net magnetization. We also show the effect of the size of hollow nanoparticle on the spin behavior where the spin non-collinearity increases (for fixed value of surface anisotropy) as the diameter of the hollow nanoparticle increases due to the significant increase in surface-to-volume ratio, the thickness being constant. Moreover, the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle shell influences the spin configuration and thus the relation between surface anisotropy and the size or the thickness of the hollow nanoparticle is established.

  9. Anomalous transport properties of a two-phase system of HTSC + NiTiO sub 3 paramagnetics, forming the net of random Josephson junctions

    CERN Document Server

    Petrov, M I; Shajkhutdinov, K A; Popkov, S I

    2002-01-01

    The magnetoresistive properties of the 92.5 at % Y sub 3 sub / sub 4 Lu sub 1 sub / sub 4 Ba sub 2 Cu sub 3 O sub 7 + 7.5 at % NiTiO sub 3 composites, representing the net of random tunnel transitions of the Josephson type, are synthesized and studied. The area, whereon R does not depend on the j-current and slightly depends on the H magnetic field is identified on the temperature dependences of the electric resistance R(T) of the composites with the NiTiO sub 3 paramagnetic compound below the temperature of the HTSC T sub c transition. The anomalous behavior of the HTSC + NiTiO sub 3 composites is explained by the effect of the Ni atoms magnetic moments in the dielectric barriers on the current transport

  10. Magnetism v.5

    CERN Document Server

    Suhl, Harry

    1973-01-01

    Magnetism, Volume V: Magnetic Properties of Metallic Alloys deals with the magnetic properties of metallic alloys and covers topics ranging from conditions favoring the localization of effective moments to the s-d model and the Kondo effect, along with perturbative, scattering, and Green's function theories of the s-d model. Asymptotically exact methods used in addressing the Kondo problem are also described.Comprised of 12 chapters, this volume begins with a review of experimental results and phenomenology concerning the formation of local magnetic moments in metals, followed by a Har

  11. La plataforma .NET

    OpenAIRE

    Fornas Estrada, Miquel

    2008-01-01

    L'aparició de la plataforma .NET Framework ha suposat un canvi molt important en la forma de crear i distribuir aplicacions, degut a que incorpora una sèrie d'innovacions tècniques i productives que simplifiquen molt les tasques necessàries per desenvolupar un projecte. La aparición de la plataforma. NET Framework ha supuesto un cambio muy importante en la forma de crear y distribuir aplicaciones, debido a que incorpora una serie de innovaciones técnicas y productivas que simplifican mucho...

  12. Biological Petri Nets

    CERN Document Server

    Wingender, E

    2011-01-01

    It was suggested some years ago that Petri nets might be well suited to modeling metabolic networks, overcoming some of the limitations encountered by the use of systems employing ODEs (ordinary differential equations). Much work has been done since then which confirms this and demonstrates the usefulness of this concept for systems biology. Petri net technology is not only intuitively understood by scientists trained in the life sciences, it also has a robust mathematical foundation and provides the required degree of flexibility. As a result it appears to be a very promising approach to mode

  13. Magnetic absorption dichroism and sum rules in itinerant magnets

    OpenAIRE

    Strange, Paul

    1994-01-01

    In this letter we discuss X-ray magnetic dichroism in magnetic materials where an itinerant model of the magnetic behaviour is appropriate. Inspired by progress made in interpreting dichroism spectra in a localized approach, we show that dichroism spectra are an excellent measure of the orbital and spin magnetic moments in itinerant magnets. By performing an energy decomposition of the sum rules we show that the structure found in dichroism spectra reflects the energy dependence of the magnet...

  14. Moment-to-moment dynamics of ADHD behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aase Heidi

    2005-08-01

    learning long behavioural sequences may ultimately lead to deficient development of verbally governed behaviour and self control. The study represents a new approach to analyzing the moment-to-moment dynamics of behaviour, and provides support for the theory that reinforcement processes are altered in ADHD.

  15. Predicting Robust Learning with the Visual Form of the Moment-by-Moment Learning Curve

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, Ryan S.; Hershkovitz, Arnon; Rossi, Lisa M.; Goldstein, Adam B.; Gowda, Sujith M.

    2013-01-01

    We present a new method for analyzing a student's learning over time for a specific skill: analysis of the graph of the student's moment-by-moment learning over time. Moment-by-moment learning is calculated using a data-mined model that assesses the probability that a student learned a skill or concept at a specific time during learning (Baker,…

  16. Probing freeze-out conditions in heavy ion collisions with moments of charge fluctuations

    CERN Document Server

    Karsch, Frithjof

    2011-01-01

    We calculate the first four moments of baryon number, electric charge and strangeness fluctuations within the hadron resonance gas model. Different moments and their ratios as well as skewness and kurtosis are evaluated on the phenomenologically determined freeze-out curve in the temperature, baryon chemical potential plane. The model results and its predictions as well as relations between different moments are compared with the first data on net proton fluctuations in Au-Au collisions obtained at RHIC by the STAR Collaboration. We find good agreement between the model calculations and experimental results. We also point out that higher order moments should be more sensitive to critical behavior and will also distinguish hadron resonance gas model calculations from results obtained from lattice QCD.

  17. Predicting the Functional Roles of Knee Joint Muscles from Internal Joint Moments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Flaxman, Teresa E; Alkjær, Tine; Simonsen, Erik B

    2017-01-01

    subjects to modulate ground reaction forces to elicit various combinations and magnitudes of sagittal, frontal, and transverse internal joint moments. Surface EMG measured activities of 10 lower limb muscles. Partial least squares regressions determined which internal moment(s) were significantly related......INTRODUCTION: Knee muscles are commonly labeled as flexors or extensors and aptly stabilize the knee against sagittal plane loads. However, how these muscles stabilize the knee against adduction-abduction and rotational loads remains unclear. Our study sought 1) to classify muscle roles...... as they relate to joint stability by quantifying the relationship between individual muscle activation patterns and internal net joint moments in all three loading planes and 2) to determine whether these roles change with increasing force levels. METHODS: A standing isometric force matching protocol required...

  18. Petri Nets-Applications

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 4; Issue 9. Petri Nets - Applications. Y Narahari. General Article Volume 4 Issue 9 September 1999 pp 44-52. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: http://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/004/09/0044-0052. Author Affiliations. Y Narahari ...

  19. Safety nets or straitjackets?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ilsøe, Anna

    2012-01-01

    Does regulation of working hours at national and sector level impose straitjackets, or offer safety nets to employees seeking working time flexibility? This article compares legislation and collective agreements in the metal industries of Denmark, Germany and the USA. The industry has historically...

  20. Coloured Petri Nets

    CERN Document Server

    Jensen, Kurt

    2009-01-01

    Coloured Petri Nets (CPN) is a graphical language for modelling and validating concurrent and distributed systems, and other systems in which concurrency plays a major role. This book introduces the constructs of the CPN modelling language and presents the related analysis methods. It provides a comprehensive road map for the practical use of CPN.

  1. Boom Booom Net Radio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grimshaw, Mark Nicholas; Yong, Louisa; Dobie, Ian

    1999-01-01

    of an existing Internet radio station; Boom Booom Net Radio. Whilst necessity dictates some use of technology-related terminology, wherever possible we have endeavoured to keep such jargon to a minimum and to either explain it in the text or to provide further explanation in the appended glossary....

  2. Game Theory .net.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shor, Mikhael

    2003-01-01

    States making game theory relevant and accessible to students is challenging. Describes the primary goal of GameTheory.net is to provide interactive teaching tools. Indicates the site strives to unite educators from economics, political and computer science, and ecology by providing a repository of lecture notes and tests for courses using…

  3. Coloured Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kurt; Kristensen, Lars Michael

    Coloured Petri Nets (CPN) is a graphical language for modelling and validating concurrent and distributed systems, and other systems in which concurrency plays a major role. The development of such systems is particularly challenging because of inherent intricacies like possible nondeterminism...

  4. Structure and magnetic properties of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    He, Qiang; Guo, Yongquan [North China Electric Power University, School of Energy Power and Mechanical Engineering, Beijing (China)

    2016-04-15

    The synthesis, crystal structure and magnetic properties of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} have been systematically investigated using X-ray diffraction and magnetic measurements. Co doping into PrIn{sub 3} causes the presence of satellite peaks, which has been indexed as a hexagonal structure. Rietveld's structural refinement shows this structure is an isomorphic structure of CaIn{sub 2} type with a space group of P6{sub 3}/mmc and Z=2. There are two non-equivalent crystal positions in one unit cell, which are occupied by 2Pr and 4(In,Co), respectively. Doping of Co into PrIn{sub 3} induces room temperature ferromagnetic order, and the magnetization increases with increasing Co content. It is suggested that the ferromagnetism in PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} is caused by the spin-spin interactions between Co and Co or Co and Pr. The magnetic moment increase of PrIn{sub 3-x}Co{sub x} could result from the partial substitution of non-magnetic element In by magnetic element Co in the host material through dilute doping of Co, and thus, a net moment is produced. (orig.)

  5. Easy moment direction and antiferromagnetic domain wall motion in Mn{sub 2}Au

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barthem, Vitoria M.T.S. [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cidade Universitaria, Ilha do Fundao, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Colin, Claire V.; Haettel, Richard; Dufeu, Didier [Université Grenoble Alpes, Institut NEEL, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Institut NEEL, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); Givord, Dominique, E-mail: dominique.givord@neel.cnrs.fr [Instituto de Fisica, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro, Cidade Universitaria, Ilha do Fundao, 21941-972 Rio de Janeiro (Brazil); Université Grenoble Alpes, Institut NEEL, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France); CNRS, Institut NEEL, 25 Avenue des Martyrs, BP 166, F-38042 Grenoble (France)

    2016-05-15

    The interest of giving active functions to antiferromagnetic (AFM) materials in spintronics devices has been realized recently. Mn{sub 2}Au is a high-Néel temperature antiferromagnet with large Mn moment, lying in plane of the tetragonal structure. To determine the direction of the moments in Mn{sub 2}Au, an original approach is demonstrated, which should be generic to planar AFM materials. It involves the rotation of the granular sample around an axis perpendicular to the applied magnetic field. The family of easy moment directions is 〈110〉. For grains prevented from rotating, the dominant magnetization process is AFM domain wall motion. Textured Mn{sub 2}Au nanoelements could be introduced in spintronics devices, in which the Mn moments would be switched under modest external excitation.

  6. The Electric Dipole Moment of the Electron

    Science.gov (United States)

    Commins, Eugene D.; Demille, David

    The following sections are included: * Introduction * Overview of relevant particle theory * Electron EDM in the Standard Model * Electron EDM in extensions of the Standard Model * Introduction to experimental basis for electron EDM searches * Other sources of atomic and molecular EDMs * Theoretical Basis of Electron EDM Experiments * Proper-Lorentz-invariant EDM Lagrangian density * Schiff's theorem * Enhancement factors for paramagnetic atoms * Is there a simple intuitive explanation for the Sandars effect? * P,T-odd electron-nucleon interaction * Paramagnetic molecules * Electron EDM Experiments * General overview * A simple model experiment * Noise * Systematic errors * The Berkeley thallium atomic beam experiment * Cesium optical pumping experiments * Cesium optical trap experiments * The francium optical trap experiment * The YbF experiment * The PbO experiment * The ThO experiment * The proposed HfF+ experiment * Electron EDM solid-state experiments * Basic ideas * The Indiana GGG experiment * The Amherst GdIG experiment * Atomic T,P-odd polarizability. Molecular T,P-odd magnetic moment * Acknowledgments * References

  7. Amine-hydrogen halide complexes: experimental electric dipole moments and a theoretical decomposition of dipole moments and binding energies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brauer, Carolyn S; Craddock, Matthew B; Kilian, Jacob; Grumstrup, Erik M; Orilall, M Christopher; Mo, Yirong; Gao, Jiali; Leopold, Kenneth R

    2006-08-24

    The Stark effect has been observed in the rotational spectra of several gas-phase amine-hydrogen halide complexes and the following electric dipole moments have been determined: H(3)(15)N-H(35)Cl (4.05865 +/- 0.00095 D), (CH(3))(3)(15)N-H(35)Cl (7.128 +/- 0.012 D), H(3)(15)N-H(79)Br (4.2577 +/- 0.0022 D), and (CH(3))(3)(15)N-H(79)Br (8.397 +/- 0.014 D). Calculations of the binding energies and electric dipole moments for the full set of complexes R(n)()(CH(3))(3)(-)(n)()N-HX (n = 0-3; X = F, Cl, Br) at the MP2/aug-cc-pVDZ level are also reported. The block localized wave function (BLW) energy decomposition method has been used to partition the binding energies into contributions from electrostatic, exchange, distortion, polarization, and charge-transfer terms. Similarly, the calculated dipole moments have been decomposed into distortion, polarization, and charge-transfer components. The complexes studied range from hydrogen-bonded systems to proton-transferred ion pairs, and the total interaction energies vary from 7 to 17 kcal/mol across the series. The individual energy components show a much wider variation than this, but cancellation of terms accounts for the relatively narrow range of net binding energies. For both the hydrogen-bonded complexes and the proton-transferred ion pairs, the electrostatic and exchange terms have magnitudes that increase with the degree of proton transfer but are of opposite sign, leaving most of the net stabilization to arise from polarization and charge transfer. In all of the systems studied, the polarization terms contribute the most to the induced dipole moment, followed by smaller but still significant contributions from charge transfer. A significant contribution to the induced moment of the ion pairs also arises from distortion of the HX monomer.

  8. Predicting the Functional Roles of Knee Joint Muscles from Internal Joint Moments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Flaxman, Teresa E; Alkjær, Tine; Simonsen, Erik B; Krogsgaard, Michael R; Benoit, Daniel L

    2017-03-01

    Knee muscles are commonly labeled as flexors or extensors and aptly stabilize the knee against sagittal plane loads. However, how these muscles stabilize the knee against adduction-abduction and rotational loads remains unclear. Our study sought 1) to classify muscle roles as they relate to joint stability by quantifying the relationship between individual muscle activation patterns and internal net joint moments in all three loading planes and 2) to determine whether these roles change with increasing force levels. A standing isometric force matching protocol required subjects to modulate ground reaction forces to elicit various combinations and magnitudes of sagittal, frontal, and transverse internal joint moments. Surface EMG measured activities of 10 lower limb muscles. Partial least squares regressions determined which internal moment(s) were significantly related to the activation of individual muscles. Rectus femoris and tensor fasciae latae were classified as moment actuators for knee extension and hip flexion. Hamstrings were classified as moment actuators for hip extension and knee flexion. Gastrocnemius and hamstring muscles were classified as specific joint stabilizers for knee rotation. Vastii were classified as general joint stabilizers because activation was independent of moment generation. Muscle roles did not change with increasing effort levels. Our findings indicate muscle activation is not dependent on anatomical orientation but perhaps on its role in maintaining knee joint stability in the frontal and transverse loading planes. This is useful for delineating the roles of biarticular knee joint muscles and could have implications in robotics, musculoskeletal modeling, sports sciences, and rehabilitation.

  9. Extended Moment Formation in Monolayer WS2 Doped with 3d Transition-Metals

    KAUST Repository

    Singh, Nirpendra

    2016-08-30

    First-principles calculations with onsite Coulomb interaction and spin-orbit coupling are used to investigate the electronic structure of monolayer WS2 doped substitutionally with 3d transition-metals. While neither W vacancies nor strain induce spin polarization, we demonstrate an unprecedented tendency to extended moment formation under doping. The extended magnetic moments are characterized by dopant-specific spin density patterns with rich structural features involving the nearest neighbor W and S atoms.

  10. Magnetism in assembled and supported silicon endohedral cages: First-principles electronic structure calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robles, R.; Khanna, S. N.

    2009-09-01

    First principles electronic structure calculations on a free CrSi12 cluster, a (CrSi12)2 dimer, and CrSi12 clusters supported on Si(111) surfaces have been carried out within a gradient corrected density functional formalism using a supercell approach. The ground state of CrSi12 is a Cr centered hexagonal biprism of Si atoms in which the Cr spin moment is completely quenched. As two CrSi12 motifs are brought together, they form different composite units depending on initial direction of approach and, in most cases, the composite cluster is found to have a net spin moment. Cluster assemblies obtained by depositing CrSi12 motifs on a Si(111) surface exhibit similar finite spin moments for several initial directions of approach. An analysis of the electronic states shows that the origin of the magnetic moment lies in those Cr d -states that do not mix with silicon sp states. The studies suggest the possibility of forming silicon-based magnetic semiconductors through such assemblies.

  11. The relationships among sagittal-plane lower extremity moments: implications for landing strategy in anterior cruciate ligament injury prevention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shimokochi, Yohei; Yong Lee, Sae; Shultz, Sandra J; Schmitz, Randy J

    2009-01-01

    Excessive quadriceps contraction with insufficient hamstrings muscle cocontraction has been shown to be a possible contributing factor for noncontact anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injuries. Assessing the relationships among lower extremity internal moments may provide some insight into avoiding muscle contraction patterns that increase ACL injury risk. To examine the relationships of knee-extensor moment with ankle plantar-flexor and hip-extensor moments and to examine the relationship between knee moment and center of pressure as a measure of neuromuscular response to center-of-mass position. Cross-sectional study. Applied Neuromechanics Research Laboratory. Eighteen healthy, recreationally active women (age = 22.3 +/- 2.8 years, height = 162.5 +/- 8.1 cm, mass = 57.8 +/- 9.3 kg). Participants performed a single-leg landing from a 45-cm box onto a force plate. Kinetic and kinematic data were collected. Pearson product moment correlation coefficients were calculated among the net peak knee-extensor moment (KEMpk), sagittal-plane ankle (AM) and hip (HM) net internal moments, and anterior-posterior center of pressure relative to foot center of mass at KEMpk (COP). Lower KEMpk related to both greater AM (r = -0.942, P < .001) and HM (r = -0.657, P = .003). We also found that more anterior displacement of COP was related to greater AM (r = -0.750, P < .001) and lower KEMpk (r = 0.618, P = .006). Our results suggest that participants who lean the whole body forward during landing may produce more plantar-flexor moment and less knee-extensor moment, possibly increasing hip-extensor moment and decreasing knee-extensor moment production. These results suggest that leaning forward may be a technique to decrease quadriceps contraction demand while increasing hamstrings cocontraction demand during a single-leg landing.

  12. Measurement of nuclear moments and radii by collinear laser spectroscopy

    CERN Multimedia

    Geithner, W R; Lievens, P; Kotrotsios, G; Silverans, R; Kappertz, S

    2002-01-01

    %IS304 %title\\\\ \\\\Collinear laser spectroscopy on a fast beam has proven to be a widely applicable and very efficient tool for measurements of changes in mean square nuclear charge radii, nuclear spins, magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moments. Recent developments of extremely sensitive non-optical detection schemes enabled for some elements the extension of the measurements towards the very short-lived isotopes in the far wings of the ISOLDE production curves. The gain in sensitivity opens up new perspectives, particularly for measurements on lighter nuclei whose ground-state properties can be interpreted by large scale microscopic calculations instead of the more phenomenologic models used for heavier nuclei.\\\\ \\\\ For the sequence of argon isotopes $^{32-40}$Ar and $^{46}$Ar isotope shifts and nuclear moments were measured by optical pumping followed by state selective collisional ionization and detection of the $\\beta$-decay. Similarly, the low-background $\\alpha$-detection was used to extend earlie...

  13. Electric and Magnetic Coulomb Potentials in the Deuteron

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bernard Schaeffer

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available After one century of nuclear physics, the underlying fun- damental laws of nuclear physics are still missing. Bohr had found a formula for the H atom and another for the H2 molecule but no equivalent formula exists for the deuteron 2H. The only known Coulomb interaction in a nucleus by the mainstream nuclear physics is the long range repulsion between protons, forgetting that the neutron contains elec- tric charges with no net charge. The neutron is attracted by the proton in a way discovered two millenaries ago by the Greeks. This attraction is equilibrated by the repulsion between the opposite magnetic moments of the proton and of the neutron in the deuteron. The bare application of ge- ometry together with electric and magnetic Coulomb’s in- teractions accounts for the binding energy of the deuteron, without fitting, with only 4 per cent discrepancy, proving the electromagnetic nature of the nuclear energy.

  14. Solving moment hierarchies for chemical reaction networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krishnamurthy, Supriya; Smith, Eric

    2017-10-01

    The study of chemical reaction networks (CRN’s) is a very active field. Earlier well-known results (Feinberg 1987 Chem. Enc. Sci. 42 2229, Anderson et al 2010 Bull. Math. Biol. 72 1947) identify a topological quantity called deficiency, for any CRN, which, when exactly equal to zero, leads to a unique factorized steady-state for these networks. No results exist however for the steady states of non-zero-deficiency networks. In this paper, we show how to write the full moment-hierarchy for any non-zero-deficiency CRN obeying mass-action kinetics, in terms of equations for the factorial moments. Using these, we can recursively predict values for lower moments from higher moments, reversing the procedure usually used to solve moment hierarchies. We show, for non-trivial examples, that in this manner we can predict any moment of interest, for CRN’s with non-zero deficiency and non-factorizable steady states.

  15. Spermatogonium image recognition using Zernike moments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liyun, Wang; Hefei, Ling; Fuhao, Zou; Zhengding, Lu; Zhendi, Wang

    2009-07-01

    The automatic identification and classification of spermatogonium images is a very important issue in biomedical engineering research. This paper proposes a scheme for spermatogonium recognition, in which Zernike moments are used to represent image features. First of all, the mathematical morphology method is employed to extract the intact individual cell in every image, and then we normalize these binary images. Then, Zernike moments are calculated from these normalized images, followed by recognizing the spermatogonia through computing similarity of vectors composed with Zernike moments using Euclidean distance. Experimental results demonstrate that the proposed method, based on Zernike moments, outperforms two well-known methods, namely those based on Hu moments and boundary moments. This method has stronger distinguishing ability, showing better performance in discriminating cell images whether belong to the same cell.

  16. Food Safety Nets:

    OpenAIRE

    Haggblade, Steven; Diallo, Boubacar; Staatz, John; Theriault, Veronique; Traoré, Abdramane

    2013-01-01

    Food and social safety nets have a history as long as human civilization. In hunter gatherer societies, food sharing is pervasive. Group members who prove unlucky in the short run, hunting or foraging, receive food from other households in anticipation of reciprocal consideration at a later time (Smith 1988). With the emergence of the first large sedentary civilizations in the Middle East, administrative systems developed specifically around food storage and distribution. The ancient Egyptian...

  17. Net technical assessment

    OpenAIRE

    Wegmann, David G.

    1989-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. The present and near term military balance of power between the U.S. and the Soviet Union can be expressed in a variety of net assessments. One can examine the strategic nuclear balance, the conventional balance in Europe, the maritime balance, and many others. Such assessments are essential not only for policy making but for arms control purposes and future force structure planning. However, to project the future military balance, on...

  18. Influence of kinematic cuts on the net charge distribution

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Petersen, Hannah [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universität, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); GSI Helmholtzzentrum für Schwerionenforschung GmbH, Planckstr. 1, 64291 Darmstadt (Germany); Oliinychenko, Dmytro [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Bogolyubov Institute for Theoretical Physics, Kiev 03680 (Ukraine); Steinheimer, Jan [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Bleicher, Marcus [Frankfurt Institute for Advanced Studies, Ruth-Moufang-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany); Institut für Theoretische Physik, Goethe Universität, Max-von-Laue-Str. 1, 60438 Frankfurt am Main (Germany)

    2016-12-15

    The higher moments of the net charge distributions, e.g. the skewness and kurtosis, are studied within an infinite hadronic matter calculation in a transport approach. By dividing the box into several parts, the volume dependence of the fluctuations is investigated. After confirming that the initial distributions follow the expectations from a binomial distribution, the influence of quantum number conservation in this case the net charge in the system on the higher moments is evaluated. For this purpose, the composition of the hadron gas is adjusted and only pions and ρ mesons are simulated to investigate the charge conservation effect. In addition, the effect of imposing kinematic cuts in momentum space is analysed. The role of resonance excitations and decays on the higher moments can also be studied within this model. This work is highly relevant to understand the experimental measurements of higher moments obtained in the RHIC beam energy scan and their comparison to lattice results and other theoretical calculations assuming infinite matter.

  19. Muon Dipole Moment Experiments Interpretation and Prospects

    CERN Document Server

    Feng, J L; Shadmi, Y; Feng, Jonathan L; Matchev, Konstantin T.; Shadmi, Yael

    2001-01-01

    We examine the prospects for discovering new physics through muon dipole moments. The current deviation in $g_{\\mu}-2$ may be due entirely to the muon's {\\em electric} dipole moment. We note that the precession frequency in the proposed BNL muon EDM experiment is also subject to a similar ambiguity, but this can be resolved by up-down asymmetry measurements. We then review the theoretical expectations for the muon's electric dipole moment in supersymmetric models.

  20. Applications of Generalized Method of Moments Estimation

    OpenAIRE

    Wooldridge, Jeffrey M.

    2001-01-01

    I describe how the method of moments approach to estimation, including the more recent generalized method of moments (GMM) theory, can be applied to problems using cross section, time series, and panel data. Method of moments estimators can be attractive because in many circumstances they are robust to failures of auxiliary distributional assumptions that are not needed to identify key parameters. I conclude that while sophisticated GMM estimators are indispensable for complicated estimation ...

  1. Using WordNet for Building WordNets

    CERN Document Server

    Farreres, X; Farreres, Xavier; Rodriguez, Horacio; Rigau, German

    1998-01-01

    This paper summarises a set of methodologies and techniques for the fast construction of multilingual WordNets. The English WordNet is used in this approach as a backbone for Catalan and Spanish WordNets and as a lexical knowledge resource for several subtasks.

  2. Measuring magnetic correlations in nanoparticle assemblies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Beleggia, Marco; Frandsen, Cathrine

    2014-01-01

    We illustrate how to extract correlations between magnetic moments in assemblies of nanoparticles from, e.g., electron holography data providing the combined knowledge of particle size distribution, inter-particle distances, and magnitude and orientation of each magnetic moment within a nanoparti......We illustrate how to extract correlations between magnetic moments in assemblies of nanoparticles from, e.g., electron holography data providing the combined knowledge of particle size distribution, inter-particle distances, and magnitude and orientation of each magnetic moment within...... a nanoparticle superstructure, We show, based on simulated data, how to build a radial/angular pair distribution function f(r,θ) encoding the spatial and angular difference between every pair of magnetic moments. A scatter-plot of f(r,θ) reveals the degree of structural and magnetic order present, and hence...

  3. Image Description using Radial Associated Laguerre Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bojun Pan

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study proposes a new set of moment functions for describing gray-level and color images based on the associated Laguerre polynomials, which are orthogonal over the whole right-half plane. Moreover, the mathematical frameworks of radial associated Laguerre moments (RALMs and associated rotation invariants are introduced. The proposed radial Laguerre invariants retain the basic form of disc-based moments, such as Zernike moments (ZMs, pseudo-Zernike moments (PZMs, Fourier-Mellin moments (OFMMs, and so on. Therefore, the rotation invariants of RALMs can be easily obtained. In addition, the study extends the proposed moments and invariants defined in a gray-level image to a color image using the algebra of quaternion to avoid losing some significant color information. Finally, the paper verifies the feature description capacities of the proposed moment function in terms of image reconstruction and invariant pattern recognition accuracy. Experimental results confirmed that the associated Laguerre moments (ALMs perform better than orthogonal OFMMs in both noise-free and noisy conditions.

  4. On minimal energy dipole moment distributions in regular polygonal agglomerates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Adriano Possebon; Cunha, Francisco Ricardo; Ceniceros, Hector Daniel

    2017-01-01

    Static, regular polygonal and close-packed clusters of spherical magnetic particles and their energy-minimizing magnetic moments are investigated in a two-dimensional setting. This study focuses on a simple particle system which is solely described by the dipole-dipole interaction energy, both without and in the presence of an in-plane magnetic field. For a regular polygonal structure of n sides with n ≥ 3 , and in the absence of an external field, it is proved rigorously that the magnetic moments given by the roots of unity, i.e. tangential to the polygon, are a minimizer of the dipole-dipole interaction energy. Also, for zero external field, new multiple local minima are discovered for the regular polygonal agglomerates. The number of found local extrema is proportional to [ n / 2 ] and these critical points are characterized by the presence of a pair of magnetic moments with a large deviation from the tangential configuration and whose particles are at least three diameters apart. The changes induced by an in-plane external magnetic field on the minimal energy, tangential configurations are investigated numerically. The two critical fields, which correspond to a crossover with the linear chain minimal energy and with the break-up of the agglomerate, respectively are examined in detail. In particular, the numerical results are compared directly with the asymptotic formulas of Danilov et al. (2012) [23] and a remarkable agreement is found even for moderate to large fields. Finally, three examples of close-packed structures are investigated: a triangle, a centered hexagon, and a 19-particle close packed cluster. The numerical study reveals novel, illuminating characteristics of these compact clusters often seen in ferrofluids. The centered hexagon is energetically favorable to the regular hexagon and the minimal energy for the larger 19-particle cluster is even lower than that of the close packed hexagon. In addition, this larger close packed agglomerate has two

  5. A minimal discrete model for toroidal moments and its experimental realization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Hong; Ge, Lixin; Liu, Liang; Jiang, Tianshu; Zhang, Z. Q.; Chan, C. T.; Han, Dezhuan

    2017-01-01

    It is well known that a closed loop of magnetic dipoles can give rise to the rather elusive toroidal moment. However, artificial structures required to generate the necessary magnetic moments in metamaterials are typically optically large, complex to make, and easily compromised by the kinetic inductance at high frequencies. Instead of using magnetic dipoles, we propose a minimal model based on just three aligned discrete electric dipoles in which the occurrence of resonant toroidal modes is guaranteed by symmetry. The advantage of this model is its simplicity and the same model supports toroidal moments from the microwave regime up to optical frequencies as exemplified by a three-antenna array and a system consisting of three nanosized plasmonic particles. Both the microwave and high-frequency configurations exhibit nonradiating "anapoles." Experiments in the microwave regime confirm the theoretical predictions.

  6. Magnetic compensation-induced sign reversal of exchange bias in a multi-glass perovskite SmFeO3

    Science.gov (United States)

    De, Chandan; Nayak, Ajaya K.; Nicklas, Michael; Sundaresan, A.

    2017-10-01

    We report an unusual sign reversal of exchange bias (EB) across a magnetic compensation point in an orthorhombic perovskite SmFeO3. A conventional negative EB with a positive vertical magnetization shift is observed below a cluster-glass freezing temperature (Tg ˜ 150 K). Upon further lowering of the temperature, the EB disappears at the magnetic compensation point before reversing its sign to a positive exchange bias below 4 K. The EB effect originates from an interfacial exchange interaction within a cluster glass phase, whereas its sign reversal arises from the reversal of the direction of the net magnetic moment as a result of dominance of Sm3+ over Fe3+ below the compensation temperature. The existence of a multi-glass state is demonstrated by ac-susceptibility and electrical permittivity measurements. A phenomenological model is presented to understand the EB effect and its sign reversal across the compensation point.

  7. Decreasing the Spin Orbit Torque-critical current density to reverse perpendicular magnetization in CoxTb1-x ferrimagnetic based alloys

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rojas-Sanchez, J.-Carlos; Pham, T.-H.; Vallobra, P.; Lacour, D.; Malinowski, G.; Hehn, M.; Mangin, S.; Cyrille, M.-C.; Je, S.-G.; Gaudin, G.; Boulle, O.

    We show the SOT-switching of perpendicularly magnetized //W(3nm)/CoxTb1-x(3.5nm)/AlOx(3nm) structure. Ferrimagnetic alloys allow us to tune the net magnetic moment by varying the Co concentration. Samples were grown by sputtering on Si-SiO2 substrates and characterized by MOKE and SQUID measurements which allow us to estimate the critical compensation where the net moment reaches zero at room temperature. Then we studied the magnetization reversal in Hall crosses by analyzing the anomalous Hall Effect (AHE) when applying in-plane current pulses and an in-plane field Hx parallel to the current direction. A minimum Hx of the order of 1 mT is needed for fully reverse the magnetization. The full reversal of magnetization has been observed in all our samples. More importantly, critical current densities for switching were found to decrease systematic when decreasing the Co concentration even in the Tb rich compositions samples. Our results bring out the role of different concentration of Co in CoxTb1-x alloys on SOT-switching providing a method to reduce the current density using ferrimagnetic alloys.

  8. Kant’s Machiavellian Moment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jay Foster

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available At least two recent collections of essays – Postmodernism and the Enlightenment (2001 and What’s Left of Enlightenment?: A Postmodern Question (2001 – have responded to postmodern critiques of Enlightenment by arguing that Enlightenment philosophes themselves embraced a number of post-modern themes. This essay situates Kant’s essay Was ist Aufklärung (1784 in the context of this recent literature about the appropriate characterization of modernity and the Enlightenment. Adopting an internalist reading of Kant’s Aufklärung essay, this paper observes that Kant is surprisingly ambivalent about who might be Enlightened and unspecific about when Enlightenment might be achieved. The paper argues that this is because Kant is concerned less with elucidating his concept of Enlightenment and more with characterizing a political condition that might provide the conditions for the possibility of Enlightenment. This paper calls this political condition modernity and it is achieved when civil order can be maintained alongside fractious and possibly insoluble public disagreement about matters of conscience, including the nature and possibility of Enlightenment. Thus, the audience for the Aufklärung essay is not the tax collector, soldier or clergyman, but rather the sovereign. Kant enjoins and advises the prince that discord and debate about matters of conscience need not entail any political unrest or upheaval. It is in this restricted (Pocockian sense that the Enlightenment essay is Kant’s Machiavellian moment.

  9. Modeling Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya Interaction at Transition Metal Interfaces: Constrained Moment versus Generalized Bloch Theorem

    KAUST Repository

    Dong, Yao-Jun

    2017-10-29

    Dzyaloshinskii-Moriya interaction (DMI) at Pt/Co interfaces is investigated theoretically using two different first principles methods. The first one uses the constrained moment method to build a spin spiral in real space, while the second method uses the generalized Bloch theorem approach to construct a spin spiral in reciprocal space. We show that although the two methods produce an overall similar total DMI energy, the dependence of DMI as a function of the spin spiral wavelength is dramatically different. We suggest that long-range magnetic interactions, that determine itinerant magnetism in transition metals, are responsible for this discrepancy. We conclude that the generalized Bloch theorem approach is more adapted to model DMI in transition metal systems, where magnetism is delocalized, while the constrained moment approach is mostly applicable to weak or insulating magnets, where magnetism is localized.

  10. Orbital anisotropy of the field-induced moments in chromium and vanadium

    CERN Document Server

    Brown, P J; Ziebeck, K R A

    2003-01-01

    The dependence of the cross-section for magnetic scattering of neutrons on the angle theta sub k between the field direction and the scattering vector has been used to study the orbital contribution to magnetic scattering from the moments aligned by a magnetic field in chromium and vanadium. The results lend support to band structure calculations which predict very high ratios of orbital to spin moments. The magnetic scattering from the moments induced in Cr and V by a 9.5 T field applied parallel to (110), in sets of crystallographically equivalent reflections having different values of theta sub k , has been determined from polarized neutron flipping ratio measurements. The results have been analysed using the tensor operator formalism. The results do not show the equatorial anisotropy predicted by a simple atomic model in which the orbital moment arises from mixing between empty e sub g and filled t sub 2 sub g states. The azimuthal variation observed suggests that the major part of the orbital moment is d...

  11. Proof nets for lingusitic analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moot, R.C.A.

    2002-01-01

    This book investigates the possible linguistic applications of proof nets, redundancy free representations of proofs, which were introduced by Girard for linear logic. We will adapt the notion of proof net to allow the formulation of a proof net calculus which is soundand complete for the

  12. Teaching Tennis for Net Success.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Young, Bryce

    1989-01-01

    A program for teaching tennis to beginners, NET (Net Easy Teaching) is described. The program addresses three common needs shared by tennis students: active involvement in hitting the ball, clearing the net, and positive reinforcement. A sample lesson plan is included. (IAH)

  13. Net4Care Ecosystem Website

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Henrik Bærbak; Hansen, Klaus Marius; Rasmussen, Morten

    2012-01-01

    is a tele-monitoring scenario in which Net4Care clients are deployed in a gateway in private homes. Medical devices then connect to these gateways and transmit their observations to a Net4Care server. In turn the Net4Care server creates valid clinical HL7 documents, stores them in a national XDS repository...

  14. Self-assembly of colloids with magnetic caps

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Novak, E.V., E-mail: ekaterina.novak@urfu.ru [Ural Federal University, Lenin Av. 51, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); Kantorovich, S.S. [Ural Federal University, Lenin Av. 51, Ekaterinburg (Russian Federation); University of Vienna, Sensengasse 8, Vienna (Austria)

    2017-06-01

    In our earlier work (Steinbach et al., 2016 ) we investigated a homogeneous system of magnetically capped colloidal particles that self-assembled via two structural patterns of different symmetry. The particles could form a compact, equilateral triangle with a three-fold rotational symmetry and zero dipole moment and a staggered chain with mirror symmetry with a net magnetisation perpendicular to the chain. The system exhibited a bistability already in clusters of three particles. Based on observations of a real magnetic particles system, analytical calculations and molecular dynamics simulations, it has been shown that the bistability is a result of an anisotropic magnetisation distribution with rotational symmetry inside the particles. The present study is a logical extension of the above research and forms a preparatory stage for the study of a self-assembly of such magnetic particles under the influence of an external magnetic field. Since the magnetic field is only an additive contribution to the total ground state energy, we can study the interparticle interaction energies of candidate ground state structures based on the field-free terms. - Highlights: • Analytical calculations of the energies of ground state candidates for colloids with magnetic caps. • Computer simulations confirmed the theoretical model. • The structural transition between ground states was found.

  15. A Unified Methodology for Computing Accurate Quaternion Color Moments and Moment Invariants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karakasis, Evangelos G; Papakostas, George A; Koulouriotis, Dimitrios E; Tourassis, Vassilios D

    2014-02-01

    In this paper, a general framework for computing accurate quaternion color moments and their corresponding invariants is proposed. The proposed unified scheme arose by studying the characteristics of different orthogonal polynomials. These polynomials are used as kernels in order to form moments, the invariants of which can easily be derived. The resulted scheme permits the usage of any polynomial-like kernel in a unified and consistent way. The resulted moments and moment invariants demonstrate robustness to noisy conditions and high discriminative power. Additionally, in the case of continuous moments, accurate computations take place to avoid approximation errors. Based on this general methodology, the quaternion Tchebichef, Krawtchouk, Dual Hahn, Legendre, orthogonal Fourier-Mellin, pseudo Zernike and Zernike color moments, and their corresponding invariants are introduced. A selected paradigm presents the reconstruction capability of each moment family, whereas proper classification scenarios evaluate the performance of color moment invariants.

  16. Magnetic, electronic and optical properties of different graphene, BN and BC2N nanoribbons

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerra, T.; Leite, L.; Azevedo, S.; de Lima Bernardo, B.

    2017-04-01

    Graphene nanoribbons are predicted to be essential components in future nanoelectronics. The size, edge type, form, arrangement of atoms and width of nanoribbons drastically change their properties. However, magnetic, electronic and optical properties of armchair, chevron and sawtooth of graphene, BN and BC2N nanoribbons are not fully understood so far. Here, we make use of first-principles calculations based on the density functional theory (DFT) to investigate the structural, magnetic, electronic and optical properties of nanoribbons of graphene, boron nitride and BC2N with armchair edge, chevron-type and sawtooth forms. The lowest formation energies were found for the armchair and chevron nanoribbons of graphene and boron nitride. We have shown that the imbalance of carbon atoms between different sublattices generates a net magnetic moment. Chevron-type nanoribbons of BC2N and graphene showed a band gap comparable with silicon, and a high light absorption in the visible spectrum when compared to the other configurations.

  17. The zero-moment half metal: How could it change spin electronics?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davide Betto

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The Heusler compound Mn2RuxGa (MRG may well be the first compensated half metal. Here, the structural, magnetic and transport properties of thin films of MRG are discussed. There is evidence of half-metallicity up to x = 0.7, and compensation of the two Mn sublattice moments is observed at specific compositions and temperatures, leading to a zero-moment half metal. There are potential benefits for using such films with perpendicular anisotropy for spin-torque magnetic tunnel junctions and oscillators, such as low critical current, high tunnel magnetoresistance ratio, insensitivity to external fields and resonance frequency in the THz range.

  18. The zero-moment half metal: How could it change spin electronics?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Betto, Davide; Rode, Karsten, E-mail: rodek@tcd.ie; Thiyagarajah, Naganivetha; Lau, Yong-Chang; Borisov, Kiril; Atcheson, Gwenael; Stamenov, Plamen; Coey, J. M. D. [CRANN, AMBER and School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland); Žic, Mario; Archer, Thomas [CRANN, and School of Physics, Trinity College Dublin, Dublin 2 (Ireland)

    2016-05-15

    The Heusler compound Mn{sub 2}Ru{sub x}Ga (MRG) may well be the first compensated half metal. Here, the structural, magnetic and transport properties of thin films of MRG are discussed. There is evidence of half-metallicity up to x = 0.7, and compensation of the two Mn sublattice moments is observed at specific compositions and temperatures, leading to a zero-moment half metal. There are potential benefits for using such films with perpendicular anisotropy for spin-torque magnetic tunnel junctions and oscillators, such as low critical current, high tunnel magnetoresistance ratio, insensitivity to external fields and resonance frequency in the THz range.

  19. Negative magnetic relaxation in superconductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasnoperov E.P.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available It was observed that the trapped magnetic moment of HTS tablets or annuli increases in time (negative relaxation if they are not completely magnetized by a pulsed magnetic field. It is shown, in the framework of the Bean critical-state model, that the radial temperature gradient appearing in tablets or annuli during a pulsed field magnetization can explain the negative magnetic relaxation in the superconductor.

  20. Master Robotic Net

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Lipunov

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The main goal of the MASTER-Net project is to produce a unique fast sky survey with all sky observed over a single night down to a limiting magnitude of 19-20. Such a survey will make it possible to address a number of fundamental problems: search for dark energy via the discovery and photometry of supernovae (including SNIa, search for exoplanets, microlensing effects, discovery of minor bodies in the Solar System, and space-junk monitoring. All MASTER telescopes can be guided by alerts, and we plan to observe prompt optical emission from gamma-ray bursts synchronously in several filters and in several polarization planes.

  1. Art/Net/Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Christian Ulrik; Lindstrøm, Hanne

    2006-01-01

    The seminar Art|Net|Work deals with two important changes in our culture. On one side, the network has become essential in the latest technological development. The Internet has entered a new phase, Web 2.0, including the occurrence of as ‘Wiki’s’, ‘Peer-2-Peer’ distribution, user controlled...... the praxis of the artist. We see different kinds of interventions and activism (including ‘hacktivism’) using the network as a way of questioning the invisible rules that govern public and semi-public spaces. Who ‘owns’ them? What kind of social relationships do they generate? On what principle...

  2. Statistical Inference Based on L-Moments

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Šimková

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available To overcome drawbacks of central moments and comoment matrices usually used to characterize univariate and multivariate distributions, respectively, their generalization, termed L-moments, has been proposed. L-moments of all orders are defined for any random variable or vector with finite mean. L-moments have been widely employed in the past 20 years in statistical inference. The aim of the paper is to present the review of the theory of L-moments and to illustrate their application in parameter estimating and hypothesis testing. The problem of estimating the three-parameter generalized Pareto distribution’s (GPD parameters that is generally used in modelling extreme events is considered. A small simulation study is performed to show the superiority of the L-moment method in some cases. Because nowadays L-moments are often employed in estimating extreme events by regional approaches, the focus is on the key assumption of index-flood based regional frequency analysis (RFA, that is homogeneity testing. The benefits of the nonparametric L-moment homogeneity test are implemented on extreme meteorological events observed in the Czech Republic.

  3. Closed forms and multi-moment maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Thomas Bruun; Swann, Andrew Francis

    We extend the notion of multi-moment map to geometries defined by closed forms of arbitrary degree. We give fundamental existence and uniqueness results and discuss a number of essential examples, including geometries related to special holonomy. For forms of degree four, multi-moment maps...

  4. Teachable Moment: Google Earth Takes Us There

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Ann; Davinroy, Thomas C.

    2015-01-01

    In the current educational climate, where clearly articulated learning objectives are required, it is clear that the spontaneous teachable moment still has its place. Authors Ann Williams and Thomas Davinroy think that instructors from almost any discipline can employ Google Earth as a tool to take advantage of teachable moments through the…

  5. Closed forms and multi-moment maps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Thomas Bruun; Swann, Andrew Francis

    2013-01-01

    We extend the notion of multi-moment map to geometries defined by closed forms of arbitrary degree. We give fundamental existence and uniqueness results and discuss a number of essential examples, including geometries related to special holonomy. For forms of degree four, multi-moment maps are gu...

  6. Preliminary studies for anapole moment measurements in rubidium and francium

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sheng, D.; Orozco, L. A.; Gomez, E.

    2010-04-01

    Preparations for the anapole measurement in Fr indicate the possibility of performing a similar measurement in a chain of Rb. The sensitivity analysis based on a single-nucleon model shows the potential for placing strong limits on the nucleon weak interaction parameters. There are values of the magnetic fields at much lower values than previously found that are insensitive to first-order changes in the field. The anapole moment effect in Rb corresponds to an equivalent electric field that is 80 times smaller than in Fr, but the stability of the isotopes and the current performance of the dipole trap in the apparatus presented here are encouraging for pursuing the measurement.

  7. Preliminary studies for anapole moment measurements in rubidium and francium

    CERN Document Server

    Sheng, D; Gomez, E

    2010-01-01

    Preparations for the anapole measurement in Fr indicate the possibility of performing a similar measurement in a chain of Rb. The sensitivity analysis based on a single nucleon model shows the potential for placing strong limits on the nucleon weak interaction parameters. There are values of the magnetic fields at much lower values than found before that are insensitive to first order changes in the field. The anapole moment effect in Rb corresponds to an equivalent electric field that is eighty times smaller than Fr, but the stability of the isotopes and the current performance of the dipole trap in the apparatus, presented here, are encouraging for pursuing the measurment.

  8. Blurred image recognition by Legendre moment invariants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Hui; Shu, Huazhong; Han, Guoniu N; Coatrieux, Gouenou; Luo, Limin; Coatrieux, Jean Louis

    2010-03-01

    Processing blurred images is a key problem in many image applications. Existing methods to obtain blur invariants which are invariant with respect to centrally symmetric blur are based on geometric moments or complex moments. In this paper, we propose a new method to construct a set of blur invariants using the orthogonal Legendre moments. Some important properties of Legendre moments for the blurred image are presented and proved. The performance of the proposed descriptors is evaluated with various point-spread functions and different image noises. The comparison of the present approach with previous methods in terms of pattern recognition accuracy is also provided. The experimental results show that the proposed descriptors are more robust to noise and have better discriminative power than the methods based on geometric or complex moments.

  9. Helminth.net: expansions to Nematode.net and an introduction to Trematode.net

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martin, John; Rosa, Bruce A.; Ozersky, Philip; Hallsworth-Pepin, Kymberlie; Zhang, Xu; Bhonagiri-Palsikar, Veena; Tyagi, Rahul; Wang, Qi; Choi, Young-Jun; Gao, Xin; McNulty, Samantha N.; Brindley, Paul J.; Mitreva, Makedonka

    2015-01-01

    Helminth.net (http://www.helminth.net) is the new moniker for a collection of databases: Nematode.net and Trematode.net. Within this collection we provide services and resources for parasitic roundworms (nematodes) and flatworms (trematodes), collectively known as helminths. For over a decade we have provided resources for studying nematodes via our veteran site Nematode.net (http://nematode.net). In this article, (i) we provide an update on the expansions of Nematode.net that hosts omics data from 84 species and provides advanced search tools to the broad scientific community so that data can be mined in a useful and user-friendly manner and (ii) we introduce Trematode.net, a site dedicated to the dissemination of data from flukes, flatworm parasites of the class Trematoda, phylum Platyhelminthes. Trematode.net is an independent component of Helminth.net and currently hosts data from 16 species, with information ranging from genomic, functional genomic data, enzymatic pathway utilization to microbiome changes associated with helminth infections. The databases’ interface, with a sophisticated query engine as a backbone, is intended to allow users to search for multi-factorial combinations of species’ omics properties. This report describes updates to Nematode.net since its last description in NAR, 2012, and also introduces and presents its new sibling site, Trematode.net. PMID:25392426

  10. NETS FOR PEACH PROTECTED CULTIVATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evelia Schettini

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper was to investigate the radiometric properties of coloured nets used to protect a peach cultivation. The modifications of the solar spectral distribution, mainly in the R and FR wavelength band, influence plant photomorphogenesis by means of the phytochrome and cryptochrome. The phytochrome response is characterized in terms of radiation rate in the red wavelengths (R, 600-700 nm to that in the farred radiation (FR, 700-800 nm, i.e. the R/FR ratio. The effects of the blue radiation (B, 400-500 nm is investigated by the ratio between the blue radiation and the far-red radiation, i.e. the B/FR ratio. A BLUE net, a RED net, a YELLOW net, a PEARL net, a GREY net and a NEUTRAL net were tested in Bari (Italy, latitude 41° 05’ N. Peach trees were located in pots inside the greenhouses and in open field. The growth of the trees cultivated in open field was lower in comparison to the growth of the trees grown under the nets. The RED, PEARL, YELLOW and GREY nets increased the growth of the trees more than the other nets. The nets positively influenced the fruit characteristics, such as fruit weight and flesh firmness.

  11. Search for anomalous weak dipole moments of the $\\tau$ lepton

    CERN Document Server

    Heister, A; Barate, R; De Bonis, I; Décamp, D; Goy, C; Lees, J P; Merle, E; Minard, M N; Pietrzyk, B; Bravo, S; Casado, M P; Chmeissani, M; Crespo, J M; Fernández, E; Fernández-Bosman, M; Garrido, L; Martínez, M; Pacheco, A; Ruiz, H; Colaleo, A; Creanza, D; De Palma, M; Iaselli, Giuseppe; Maggi, G; Maggi, M; Nuzzo, S; Ranieri, A; Raso, G; Ruggieri, F; Selvaggi, G; Silvestris, L; Tempesta, P; Tricomi, A; Zito, G; Huang, X; Lin, J; Ouyang, Q; Wang, T; Xie, Y; Xu, R; Xue, S; Zhang, J; Zhang, L; Zhao, W; Abbaneo, D; Azzurri, P; Buchmüller, O L; Cattaneo, M; Cerutti, F; Clerbaux, B; Drevermann, H; Forty, R W; Frank, M; Gianotti, F; Hansen, J B; Harvey, J; Hutchcroft, D E; Janot, P; Jost, B; Kado, M; Mato, P; Moutoussi, A; Ranjard, F; Rolandi, Luigi; Schlatter, W D; Schneider, O; Sguazzoni, G; Tejessy, W; Teubert, F; Valassi, Andrea; Videau, I; Ward, J; Badaud, F; Falvard, A; Gay, P; Henrard, P; Jousset, J; Michel, B; Monteil, S; Montret, J C; Pallin, D; Perret, P; Hansen, J D; Hansen, J R; Hansen, P H; Nilsson, B S; Kyriakis, A; Markou, C; Simopoulou, Errietta; Vayaki, Anna; Zachariadou, K; Blondel, A; Bonneaud, G R; Brient, J C; Rougé, A; Rumpf, M; Swynghedauw, M; Verderi, M; Videau, H L; Ciulli, V; Focardi, E; Parrini, G; Antonelli, A; Antonelli, M; Bencivenni, G; Bossi, F; Capon, G; Chiarella, V; Laurelli, P; Mannocchi, G; Murtas, G P; Passalacqua, L; Pepé-Altarelli, M; Lynch, J G; Negus, P; O'Shea, V; Raine, C; Thompson, A S; Wasserbaech, S R; Cavanaugh, R J; Geweniger, C; Hanke, P; Hepp, V; Kluge, E E; Putzer, A; Stenzel, H; Tittel, K; Wunsch, M; Beuselinck, R; Binnie, David M; Cameron, W; Dornan, P J; Girone, M; Marinelli, N; Sedgbeer, J K; Thompson, J C; Ghete, V M; Girtler, P; Kneringer, E; Kuhn, D; Rudolph, G; Bouhova-Thacker, E; Bowdery, C K; Finch, A J; Foster, F; Hughes, G; Jones, R W L; Pearson, M R; Robertson, N A; Jakobs, K; Kleinknecht, K; Renk, B; Sander, H G; Wachsmuth, H W; Zeitnitz, C; Bonissent, A; Coyle, P; Leroy, O; Payre, P; Rousseau, D; Talby, M; Ragusa, F; David, A; Dietl, H; Ganis, G; Hüttmann, K; Lütjens, G; Männer, W; Moser, H G; Settles, Ronald; Wolf, G; Boucrot, J; Callot, O; Davier, M; Duflot, L; Grivaz, J F; Heusse, P; Jacholkowska, A; Lefrançois, J; Veillet, J J; Yuan, C; Bagliesi, G; Boccali, T; Foà, L; Giammanco, A; Giassi, A; Ligabue, F; Messineo, A; Palla, Fabrizio; Sanguinetti, G; Sciabà, A; Tenchini, Roberto; Venturi, A; Verdini, P G; Blair, G A; Cowan, G; Green, M G; Medcalf, T; Misiejuk, A; Strong, J A; Teixeira-Dias, P; Clifft, R W; Edgecock, T R; Norton, P R; Tomalin, I R; Bloch-Devaux, B; Colas, P; Lançon, E; Lemaire, M C; Locci, E; Pérez, P; Rander, J; Schuller, J P; Vallage, B; Konstantinidis, N P; Litke, A M; Taylor, G; Booth, C N; Cartwright, S L; Combley, F; Lehto, M H; Thompson, L F; Böhrer, A; Brandt, S; Grupen, Claus; Ngac, A; Prange, G; Giannini, G; Rothberg, J E; Armstrong, S R; Berkelman, K; Cranmer, K; Ferguson, D P S; Gao, Y; Gonzáles, S; Hayes, O J; Hu, H; Jin, S; Kile, J; McNamara, P A; Nielsen, J; Pan, Y B; Von Wimmersperg-Töller, J H; Wiedenmann, W; Wu, J; Wu Sau Lan; Wu, X; Zobernig, G; Dissertori, G

    2003-01-01

    The anomalous weak dipole moments of the $\\tau$ lepton are measured in a data sample collected by ALEPH from 1990 to 1995 corresponding to an integrated luminosity of 155~pb$^{-1}$. Tau leptons produced in the reaction $e^+ e^- \\rightarrow \\tau^+ \\tau^-$ at energies close to the ${\\rm Z}$ mass are studied using their semileptonic decays to $\\pi$, $\\rho$, $a_1 \\rightarrow \\pi 2\\pi^0$ or $a_1 \\rightarrow 3 \\pi$. The real and imaginary components of both the anomalous weak magnetic dipole moment and the CP-violating anomalous weak electric dipole moment, $ {\\rm Re}\\,\\mu_{\\tau}$, ${\\rm Im}\\,\\mu_{\\tau}$, ${\\rm Re}\\,d_{\\tau}$ and ${\\rm Im}\\,d_{\\tau}$, are measured simultaneously by means of a likelihood fit built from the full differential cross section. No evidence of new physics is found. The following bounds are obtained (95\\% CL): $|{\\rm Re}\\, \\mu_{\\tau} | < 1.14 \\times 10^{-3}$, $|{\\rm Im}\\, \\mu_{\\tau} | < 2.65 \\times 10^{-3}$, $|{\\rm Re}\\, d_{\\tau} | < 0.91 \\times 10^{-3}$, and $|{\\rm Im}\\, d_{\\tau} ...

  12. Extracting the Omega- electric quadrupole moment from lattice QCD data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    G. Ramalho, M.T. Pena

    2011-03-01

    The Omega- has an extremely long lifetime, and is the most stable of the baryons with spin 3/2. Therefore the Omega- magnetic moment is very accurately known. Nevertheless, its electric quadrupole moment was never measured, although estimates exist in different formalisms. In principle, lattice QCD simulations provide at present the most appropriate way to estimate the Omega- form factors, as function of the square of the transferred four-momentum, Q2, since it describes baryon systems at the physical mass for the strange quark. However, lattice QCD form factors, and in particular GE2, are determined at finite Q2 only, and the extraction of the electric quadrupole moment, Q_Omega= GE2(0) e/(2 M_Omega), involves an extrapolation of the numerical lattice results. In this work we reproduce the lattice QCD data with a covariant spectator quark model for Omega- which includes a mixture of S and two D states for the relative quark-diquark motion. Once the model is calibrated, it is used to determine Q_Omega. Our prediction is Q_Omega= (0.96 +/- 0.02)*10^(-2) efm2 [GE2(0)=0.680 +/- 0.012].

  13. The equivalency between logic Petri workflow nets and workflow nets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jing; Yu, ShuXia; Du, YuYue

    2015-01-01

    Logic Petri nets (LPNs) can describe and analyze batch processing functions and passing value indeterminacy in cooperative systems. Logic Petri workflow nets (LPWNs) are proposed based on LPNs in this paper. Process mining is regarded as an important bridge between modeling and analysis of data mining and business process. Workflow nets (WF-nets) are the extension to Petri nets (PNs), and have successfully been used to process mining. Some shortcomings cannot be avoided in process mining, such as duplicate tasks, invisible tasks, and the noise of logs. The online shop in electronic commerce in this paper is modeled to prove the equivalence between LPWNs and WF-nets, and advantages of LPWNs are presented.

  14. Molecular metals with ferromagnetic interaction between localized magnetic moments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishijo, J.; Ogura, E.; Yamaura, J.; Miyazaki, A.; Enoki, T.; Takano, T.; Kuwatani, Y.; Iyoda, M.

    2000-11-01

    New charge-transfer salts (EDO-TTFI 2) 2M(mnt) 2 (M=Ni,Pt) are the first organic metals with strong ferromagnetic interactions. These salts consist of one-dimensional chains of EDO-TTFI 2 donors and M(mnt) 2 acceptors aligned in parallel to each other. The metallic conductivity is due to the one dimensional chain of EDO-TTFI 2, and a metal-insulator transition occurs at about 90 K. Localized spins of M(mnt) 2 behave as a one-dimensional ferromagnet, which interact with conduction electrons. The origin of the ferromagnetic interactions are orthogonality of the molecular orbitals of M(mnt) 2 and spin polarization effect which is explained by McConnell's first model.

  15. Masses and magnetic moments of triple heavy flavour baryons in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    of heavy flavour baryons are computed for different power index, p starting from 0.5 to. 2.0. The predicted masses are found to attain a saturated value with respect to variation in p beyond the power index p > 1.0. Using the spin-flavour structure of the constituting quarks and by defining effective mass of the confined quarks ...

  16. SNO results and neutrino magnetic moment solution to the solar ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    We have analysed the solar neutrino data obtained from chlorine, gallium and Super-Kamiokande (SK) experiments (1258 days) and also the new results that came from Sudbury Neutrino Observatory (SNO) charge current (CC) and elastic scattering (ES) experiments considering that the solar neutrino deficit is due to the ...

  17. Anomalous magnetic moment of the muon, a hybrid approach

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dominguez, C. A.; Horch, H.; Jäger, B.

    2017-01-01

    for the first derivative of the electromagnetic current correlator at zero momentum transfer, $\\Pi_{\\rm EM}^\\prime(0)$. The idea is based on the observation that, in the relevant kinematic domain, the integration kernel $K(s)$, entering the formula relating $a_{\\mu}^{\\rm hvp}$ to $e^{+}e^{-}$ annihilation data...

  18. Model reduction using the Vorobyev moment problem

    Science.gov (United States)

    Strakoš, Zdeněk

    2009-07-01

    Given a nonsingular complex matrix and complex vectors v and w of length N, one may wish to estimate the quadratic form w * A - 1 v, where w * denotes the conjugate transpose of w. This problem appears in many applications, and Gene Golub was the key figure in its investigations for decades. He focused mainly on the case A Hermitian positive definite (HPD) and emphasized the relationship of the algebraically formulated problems with classical topics in analysis - moments, orthogonal polynomials and quadrature. The essence of his view can be found in his contribution Matrix Computations and the Theory of Moments, given at the International Congress of Mathematicians in Zürich in 1994. As in many other areas, Gene Golub has inspired a long list of coauthors for work on the problem, and our contribution can also be seen as a consequence of his lasting inspiration. In this paper we will consider a general mathematical concept of matching moments model reduction, which as well as its use in many other applications, is the basis for the development of various approaches for estimation of the quadratic form above. The idea of model reduction via matching moments is well known and widely used in approximation of dynamical systems, but it goes back to Stieltjes, with some preceding work done by Chebyshev and Heine. The algebraic moment matching problem can for A HPD be formulated as a variant of the Stieltjes moment problem, and can be solved using Gauss-Christoffel quadrature. Using the operator moment problem suggested by Vorobyev, we will generalize model reduction based on matching moments to the non-Hermitian case in a straightforward way. Unlike in the model reduction literature, the presented proofs follow directly from the construction of the Vorobyev moment problem.

  19. Antagonist muscle moment is increased in ACL deficient subjects during maximal dynamic knee extension

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alkjær, Tine; Simonsen, Erik B; Magnusson, S Peter

    2012-01-01

    INTRODUCTION: Coactivation of the hamstring muscles during dynamic knee extension may compensate for increased knee joint laxity in anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficient subjects. This study examined if antagonist muscle coactivation during maximal dynamic knee extension was elevated...... in subjects with anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) deficiency compared to age-matched healthy controls. METHODS: Electromyography (EMG) and net knee joint moments were recorded during maximal concentric quadriceps and eccentric hamstring contractions, performed in an isokinetic dynamometer (ROM: 90......-10°, angular speed: 30°/s). Hamstring antagonist EMG recorded during concentric quadriceps contraction was converted into antagonist moment based on the EMG-moment relationship observed during eccentric agonist contractions. RESULTS: The magnitude of antagonist hamstring EMG was 65.5% higher in ACL deficient...

  20. Coloured Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Kurt; Kristensen, Lars Michael

    studies that illustrate the practical use of CPN modelling and validation for design, specification, simulation, verification and implementation in various application domains. Their presentation primarily aims at readers interested in the practical use of CPN. Thus all concepts and constructs are first......Coloured Petri Nets (CPN) is a graphical language for modelling and validating concurrent and distributed systems, and other systems in which concurrency plays a major role. The development of such systems is particularly challenging because of inherent intricacies like possible nondeterminism...... and the immense number of possible execution sequences. In this textbook, Jensen and Kristensen introduce the constructs of the CPN modelling language and present the related analysis methods in detail. They also provide a comprehensive road map for the practical use of CPN by showcasing selected industrial case...

  1. A cohomological framework for homotopy moment maps

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frégier, Yaël; Laurent-Gengoux, Camille; Zambon, Marco

    2015-11-01

    Given a Lie group acting on a manifold M preserving a closed n + 1-form ω, the notion of homotopy moment map for this action was introduced in Fregier (0000), in terms of L∞-algebra morphisms. In this note we describe homotopy moment maps as coboundaries of a certain complex. This description simplifies greatly computations, and we use it to study various properties of homotopy moment maps: their relation to equivariant cohomology, their obstruction theory, how they induce new ones on mapping spaces, and their equivalences. The results we obtain extend some of the results of Fregier (0000).

  2. Binomial moment equations for stochastic reaction systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barzel, Baruch; Biham, Ofer

    2011-04-15

    A highly efficient formulation of moment equations for stochastic reaction networks is introduced. It is based on a set of binomial moments that capture the combinatorics of the reaction processes. The resulting set of equations can be easily truncated to include moments up to any desired order. The number of equations is dramatically reduced compared to the master equation. This formulation enables the simulation of complex reaction networks, involving a large number of reactive species much beyond the feasibility limit of any existing method. It provides an equation-based paradigm to the analysis of stochastic networks, complementing the commonly used Monte Carlo simulations.

  3. Orbital moment in CoO and in NiO

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Radwanski, R.J.; Ropka, Z

    2004-03-01

    The total, orbital and spin moment of the Co{sup 2+} ion in CoO have been calculated within the quasi-atomic approach taking into account strong correlations, crystal-field interactions and the intra-atomic spin-orbit coupling. The orbital moment of 1.39{mu}{sub B} amounts at 0 K, in the magnetically-ordered state, to more than 34% of the total moment (4.01{mu}{sub B}) and yields the L/S ratio of 1.05, close to the experimental value. The same calculations yield for NiO the orbital and total moment of 0.46{mu}{sub B} and 2.45{mu}{sub B}, respectively.

  4. Measuring the Anomalous Dipole Moment of the Top Quark

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chai, C.; Peskin, M.; Betre, K.

    2012-12-01

    The Standard Model(SM) of particle physics describes all phenomena that have been observed so far at high energy experiments. However, the Standard Model is not a complete theory; it is crucial to study new physics beyond the SM to broaden our understanding of the fundamental particles. The top quark is an elementary fermion with a spin of ½ and electric charge of 2/3. It is the most massive fundamental particle with an average mass of 171.2GeV/c2. By measuring the magnetic dipole moment of the top quark, it will provide us a possible hint as to why the top quark is very heavy. We generate the events of the top, anti-top and photon for different values of the top's magnetic dipole moment a=0.0 and a=0.9. We write ROOT programs that take the events and make plots of energy, transverse momentum, thrust and rapidity. Then, my ROOT programs apply various cuts on the events to find the signal region and estimate the number of events expected in that signal region. We predicted that the number of events for the top quark for a=0.9 and a=0.0 is 7.2 and 2.1 respectively.

  5. Structure and magnetism in Cr-embedded Co nanoparticles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, S H; Kurt, M S; Roy, M; Lees, M R; Binns, C

    2016-02-03

    We present the results of an investigation into the atomic structure and magnetism of 2 nm diameter Co nanoparticles embedded in an antiferromagnetic Cr matrix. The nanocomposite films used in this study were prepared by co-deposition directly from the gas phase, using a gas aggregation source for the Co nanoparticles and a molecular beam epitaxy (MBE) source for the Cr matrix material. Co K and Cr K edge extended x-ray absorption fine structure (EXAFS) experiments were performed in order to investigate atomic structure in the embedded nanoparticles and matrix respectively, while magnetism was investigated by means of a vibrating sample magnetometer. The atomic structure type of the Co nanoparticles is the same as that of the Cr matrix (bcc) although with a degree of disorder. The net Co moment per atom in the Co/Cr nanocomposite films is significantly reduced from the value for bulk Co, and decreases as the proportion of Co nanoparticles in the film is decreased; for the sample with the most dilute concentration of Co nanoparticles (4.9% by volume), the net Co moment was 0.25 μ B/atom. After field cooling to below 30 K all samples showed an exchange bias, which was largest for the most dilute sample. Both the structural and magnetic results point towards a degree of alloying at the nanoparticle/matrix interface, leading to a core/shell structure in the embedded nanoparticles consisting of an antiferromagnetic CoCr alloy shell surrounding a reduced ferromagnetic Co core.

  6. Magnetization of cobalt nanodiscs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waddell, J.; Inderhees, S.; Aronson, M. C.; Dierker, S. B.

    2006-02-01

    We have studied the magnetization and AC susceptibility of a dilute colloidal dispersion of ɛ-Co nanodiscs. The temperature dependence of the magnetization implies that the nanodisc moments become largely static below a blocking temperature which exceeds room temperature. The related anisotropy energy is significantly larger than the magnetocrystalline anisotropy for bulk ɛ-Co, which may result either from surface modifications to the crystalline anisotropy, or perhaps from shape anisotropy. The saturation moment is found to be temperature independent, over a wide range of temperatures and also close to the blocking temperature, although the field at which saturation occurs varies considerably with temperature. A coercive field of 1700 Oe is found at low temperature, indicating that magnetization reversal involves the coordinated rotation of the moments in individual nanodiscs. Aging effects are observed in the AC susceptibility, implying that the spatial coherence of the room temperature dispersions increases over time, leading to static short-range order.

  7. Magnetization of cobalt nanodiscs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Waddell, J. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 500 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1120 (United States); Inderhees, S. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 500 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1120 (United States); Aronson, M.C. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 500 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1120 (United States)]. E-mail: maronson@umich.edu; Dierker, S.B. [Department of Physics, University of Michigan, 500 East University Avenue, Ann Arbor, MI 48109-1120 (United States); National Synchrotron Light Source, Brookhaven National Laboratory, Upton, NY 11973-5000 (United States)

    2006-02-15

    We have studied the magnetization and AC susceptibility of a dilute colloidal dispersion of {epsilon}-Co nanodiscs. The temperature dependence of the magnetization implies that the nanodisc moments become largely static below a blocking temperature which exceeds room temperature. The related anisotropy energy is significantly larger than the magnetocrystalline anisotropy for bulk {epsilon}-Co, which may result either from surface modifications to the crystalline anisotropy, or perhaps from shape anisotropy. The saturation moment is found to be temperature independent, over a wide range of temperatures and also close to the blocking temperature, although the field at which saturation occurs varies considerably with temperature. A coercive field of 1700Oe is found at low temperature, indicating that magnetization reversal involves the coordinated rotation of the moments in individual nanodiscs. Aging effects are observed in the AC susceptibility, implying that the spatial coherence of the room temperature dispersions increases over time, leading to static short-range order.

  8. Nonredundant Single-Gimbaled Control Moment Gyroscopes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    p. 79. [3] Kennel , H. F., “Steering Law for Parallel Mounted Double-Gimbaled Control Moment Gyros,” NASATM-X-64930, 1975, p. 34. [4] Colburn, B. K...NASATM-X-64926, 1975. [6] Kennel , H. F., “Steering Law for Parallel Mounted Double-Gimbaled Control Moment Gyros,” NASATM-X-82390, 1981, p. 22. Fig. 16

  9. Variational approach to the moment of inertia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stringari, S.; Lipparini, E.

    1980-08-01

    We derive an approximate expression for the moment of inertia theta in the framework of the cranked Hartree-Fock theory. Our method allows for a detailed study of the role of spin-orbit and two-body nuclear potentials. In particular it is shown that in /sup 20/Ne the two-body interaction lowers by 30% the rigid value of theta. The irrotational and rigid values for the moment of inertia are obtained as special cases of the present approach.

  10. Maximum Entropy Moment Systems and Galilean Invariance

    OpenAIRE

    Junk, Michael; Unterreiter, Andreas

    2001-01-01

    In this article, we investigate the maximum entropy moment closure in gas dynamics. We show that the usual choice of polynomial weight functions may lead to hyperbolic systems with an unpleasant state space: equilibrium states are boundary points with possibly singular fluxes. In order to avoid singularities, the necessary arises to find weight functions which growing sub-quadratically at infinity. Unfortunately, this requirement leads to a conflict with Galilean invariance of the moment syst...

  11. Link between chips and cutting moments evolution

    CERN Document Server

    Cahuc, Olivier; Gérard, Alain; 10.4028/WWW.scientific.net/AMR.423.89

    2012-01-01

    The better understanding of the material cutting process has been shown with the benefit of the forces and moments measurement since some years ago. In paper, simultaneous six mechanical components and chip orientation measurements were realized during turning tests. During these tests, the influence of the depth of cut or feed rate has been observed and a link between the chip orientation and the moment vector orientation or the central axis characteristics has been shown.

  12. Laser measurements of radii and moments of barium nuclei near the proton drip line

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eastham; Smith, J.R.H.; Groves, J.; Warner, D.D.; Tolfree, D.W.L.; Wells, S.A.; Griffith, J.A.R.; Evans, D.E.; Fawcett, M.J.; Grant, I.S.; and others

    1987-12-10

    A new technique of laser spectroscopy has been used to measure the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment of /sup 121/Ba, and the r.m.s. charge radii of /sup 120,121/Ba. The results are discussed in terms of the unified model.

  13. Laser measurements of radii and moments of barium nuclei near the proton drip line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eastham, D. A.; Smith, J. R. H.; Groves, J.; Warner, D. D.; Tolfree, D. W. L.; Wells, S. A.; Griffith, J. A. R.; Evans, D. E.; Fawcett, M. J.; Grant, I. S.; Billowes, J.; Walker, P. M.

    1987-12-01

    A new technique of laser spectroscopy has been used to measure the magnetic dipole and electric quadrupole moment of 121Ba, and the r.m.s. charge radii of 120,121Ba. The results are discussed in terms of the unified model.

  14. Local-moment formation and metal–nonmetal transition in Ca Y ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    In these metallic states, ∼ 10% of 3 atoms seem to have large localized magnetic moments. In electron-doped metallic sample of Ca1-YVO3, the temperature dependence of resistance shows no resistance-minimum. However, weak negative magneto-resistance is observed for the sample with = 0.2 up to 50 Tesla at ...

  15. Spontaneous magnetization in high-density quark matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tsue, Yasuhiko; da Providência, João; Providência, Constanca

    2015-01-01

    It is shown that spontaneous magnetization occurs due to the anomalous magnetic moments of quarks in high-density quark matter under the tensor-type four-point interaction. The spin polarized condensate for each flavor of quark appears at high baryon density, which leads to the spontaneous...... magnetization due to the anomalous magnetic moments of quarks. The implications for the strong magnetic field in compact stars is discussed....

  16. Magnetic doping of a thiolated gold superatom

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jiang, Deen [ORNL; Whetten, Robert L [Georgia Institute of Technology

    2009-01-01

    The Au{sub 25}(SR){sub 18}{sup -} cluster is a new member in the superatom family which features a centered icosahedral shell (Au{sub 13}) protected by six RS(AuSR){sub 2} motifs (RS? being an alkylthiolate group). Here we show that this superatom can be magnetically doped by replacing the center Au atom with Cr, Mn, or Fe. We find that Cr- and Mn-doped clusters have an optimized magnetic moment of 5 Bohr magnetons while the Fe-doped cluster has an optimized magnetic moment of 3 Bohr magnetons. Although the dopant atom's local magnetic moment makes a major contribution to the total moment, the icosahedral Au{sub 12} shell is also found to be significantly magnetized. Our work here provides a scenario of magnetic doping of a metal-cluster superatom which is protected by ligands and made by wet chemistry.

  17. Structural, electronic and magnetic properties of (N, C)-codoped ZnO nanotube: First principles study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esmailian, Amirhosein; Shahrokhi, Masoud; Kanjouri, Faramarz

    2015-04-01

    We have studied the electronic structure and magnetic properties of Nitrogen and Carbon codoped ZnO (5,0) single-walled zigzag nanotube using first-principle calculations based on the density functional theory. We performed our calculations for N- and C- codoping ZnO nanotube in two different configurations. For the first configuration in which the two impurity atoms (N or C) are on first nearest-neighbor sites in the plane of codoping, our calculation predicts that the N- and C-codoped ZnO nanotubes are antiferromagnetic material with no net magnetization. On the other hand, it is found that for the configuration in which the two impurity atoms are next nearest-neighbors, a spin polarization results in a magnetic moment in the N- and C-codoped ZnO nanotubes.

  18. Linear Logic on Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Uffe Henrik; Winskel, Glynn

    This article shows how individual Petri nets form models of Girard's intuitionistic linear logic. It explores questions of expressiveness and completeness of linear logic with respect to this interpretation. An aim is to use Petri nets to give an understanding of linear logic and give some apprai...

  19. Reference Guide Microsoft.NET

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zee M van der; Verspaij GJ; Rosbergen S; IMP; NMD

    2003-01-01

    Developers, administrators and managers can get more understanding of the .NET technology with this report. They can also make better choices how to use this technology. The report describes the results and conclusions of a study of the usability for the RIVM of this new generation .NET development

  20. Net neutrality and audiovisual services

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.; Nikoltchev, S.

    2011-01-01

    Net neutrality is high on the European agenda. New regulations for the communication sector provide a legal framework for net neutrality and need to be implemented on both a European and a national level. The key element is not just about blocking or slowing down traffic across communication