Sample records for national military strategy

  1. Linking Acquisition Decisionmaking With National Military Strategy (United States)


    initially conduct a national-level review of strategy. Secretary Weinberger believed that the Carter Administration was buying the For a description of the...Laboratories Industry Command User Sponsor Research and Development Basic aseardch before 0 Hgh Low LUW -(La. -n.a. rLnL Exloratory Development about 0 LOW...High ligh Low Low Low Tedinoy Devio*pent I -nA.&* Medum High Medum "Mem M•dum Engieering Developmant 2 -n.fl Med- Hgh ligh Hih Medumi Medum Advanced

  2. National Military Strategy: Determinant, Resultant, or Figment. (United States)


    Individual Players-Eanthoven and Smith point out that fleshiag out details of a general strategy is a joint polit ical- economi -si lit ary exercise...Larger ubers . As ancient China is Looked to by historians seeking to understand the factors in success and failure of civilization, so too is the Roman...changing internal and external situations of Rome, but its continued success depended on its forces not being squandered-that is on economies of forces

  3. English Learning Strategies of Various Nations: A Study in Military Context (United States)

    Solak, Ekrem


    How successful learners learn English has been one of the primary interest of scientists and researchers in recent years. Therefore, this study aimed to determine what language learning strategies the military personnel from different nations used while learning English. 56 subjects from 14 different nations deployed in three different military…

  4. Understanding and Accounting for National Will in Strategies that Use Military Forces (United States)


    it to be lost and lead to strategic failure . 15. SUBJECT TERMS Strategy; Military Strategy; Use of Force; National Will; National Interests...Director, Graduate Degree Programs Robert F. Baumann, PhD The opinions and conclusions expressed herein are...those of the student author and do not necessarily represent the views of the US Army Command and General Staff College or any other government agency

  5. Private Military and Security Companies - Counterinsurgency and Nation Building Strategy (United States)


    120. 37 James J. Carafano, 115. 38 James J. Carafano, 117. 39 Peter Aps, “As Iraq, Afghan wars end, private security firms adapt,” Reuters , October...Bibliography Aps, Peter. “As Iraq, Afghan wars end, private security firms adapt,” Reuters ...International Peace Research Institute, The private military services industry, Online. Thomson , Janice E. Mercenaries, Pirates, and

  6. Military Strategy vs. Military Doctrine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barfoed, Jacob


    The article argues that while doctrine represents the more scientific side of warfare, strategy represents the artistic side. Existing doctrine will almost never meet the requirements for winning the next war; it is through the artistic application of generic peacetime doctrine to the specific st...... strategic and operational context, using doctrine as building blocks for a context specific military strategy, that the military commander outwits and defeats or coerces the adversary and achieves the military objectives....

  7. National Military Family Association (United States)

    ... 931.6632 © 2016 - National Military Family Association Twitter Facebook Pinterest Instagram Charity Navigator Four Star Charity GuideStar Exchange Better Business Bureau Charity Watch Independent Charity of America nonprofit ...

  8. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America: Redefining America’s Military Leadership (United States)


    Vinson (CVN 70) leads the Royal Malaysian Navy frigate KD Lekir (FF 26) and corvette KD Kelantan (FFL 175) and the Ticonderoga-class guided-missile...with safeguarding our economic and security interests worldwide. We must thoughtfully address cultural and sovereignty concerns in host countries...linguistic and cultural skills of all Americans. We will develop leaders who are capable of operating in interagency and multi- national environments

  9. The New Fight on the Periphery: Pakistan’s Military Role in Supporting U.S. National Security Strategy (United States)


    creation of Pakistan by truncating India in 1947 seemed to pale in comparison to other issues preoccupying U.S. interests. India’s partition added to U.S...elements that helped condition Pakistan for military leadership. First, Jinnah set a precedence of consolidating all authority into his office rather...made Ayub’s coup and his resulting authoritarian leadership easier to accept. Second, Jinnah did not favor an Islamic government, nor did he oppose

  10. Overseas Military Bases: Understanding Host Nation Support (United States)


    complex nature of host nation interests. Camp Lemonier , a combined joint base leased by the US from the Government of Djibouti, encompasses the primary...Joseph. “U.S. military plans to expand Camp Lemonier in Djibouti.” Stars and Stripes, 9 July 2006. Gordon, Michael R...Concept, 11-12. 9. CRS, U.S. Military Overseas Basing, 2-3. 10. Giordono, “U.S. Military Plans to expand Camp Lemonier in Djibouti.” 11. US

  11. National Privacy Research Strategy (United States)

    Networking and Information Technology Research and Development, Executive Office of the President — On July 1, NITRD released the National Privacy Research Strategy. Research agencies across government participated in the development of the strategy, reviewing...

  12. US Military Strategy in Four Dimensions (United States)


    bases in Western Europe .” Global “F-22 Raptor History.” http://www. security arena. Riots and rebellion in the Middle East and North Africa, and a series of incredible natural disasters such as the Haitian...technological dimension of strategy relies on three goals: a) prevent US forces from fighting 21 Ibid., 977. 22 David Crane. “F-22 Raptor Program

  13. Military Strategy in a Complex World

    CERN Document Server

    Albino, Dominic K; Bar-Yam, Yaneer


    A strategy is a plan, method, or series of actions for obtaining a specified goal. A military strategy typically employs the threat or use of military force in opposition to an adversary, and is called upon where large scale force is viewed as the way to achieve such goals. Strategic thinking is traditionally focused on which part or combination of land, air, and naval forces is most effective. This may be too narrow an approach to accomplishing the ultimate end, which is generally political influence or control--or preventing influence or control by others--and almost never consists of physical destruction itself. In order to broaden the discussion of military strategy, we consider here three distinct effects of inflicting stress on an opponent: a) A fragile system is damaged--possibly catastrophically, b) A robust system is largely unaffected, retaining much or all of its prior strength, c) Some systems actually gain strength, a property which has recently been termed antifragility. Traditional perspectives...

  14. Comprehensive national energy strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This Comprehensive National Energy Strategy sets forth a set of five common sense goals for national energy policy: (1) improve the efficiency of the energy system, (2) ensure against energy disruptions, (3) promote energy production and use in ways that respect health and environmental values, (4) expand future energy choices, and (5) cooperate internationally on global issues. These goals are further elaborated by a series of objectives and strategies to illustrate how the goals will be achieved. Taken together, the goals, objectives, and strategies form a blueprint for the specific programs, projects, initiatives, investments, and other actions that will be developed and undertaken by the Federal Government, with significant emphasis on the importance of the scientific and technological advancements that will allow implementation of this Comprehensive National Energy Strategy. Moreover, the statutory requirement of regular submissions of national energy policy plans ensures that this framework can be modified to reflect evolving conditions, such as better knowledge of our surroundings, changes in energy markets, and advances in technology. This Strategy, then, should be thought of as a living document. Finally, this plan benefited from the comments and suggestions of numerous individuals and organizations, both inside and outside of government. The Summary of Public Comments, located at the end of this document, describes the public participation process and summarizes the comments that were received. 8 figs.

  15. National Leadership Summit on Military Families (United States)


    his agency in working with the military to support military families. Dr. Shah had the opportunity earlier in 2009 to visit Kenya as part of...Leadership Summit on Military Families 38 14 can cause health problems, including increasing blood pressure, making asthma and diabetes more severe, and

  16. Intelligent National Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    China has unveiled a strategic plan aimed at strengthening I PR protection and enhancing the country’s overall competitiveness China’s State Council published the Outline of the National Intellectual Property Strategy in early June, taking on one of the country’s major bugbears. The plan aims to improve the use of intellectual property rights (IPR) by 2020 and consists of a preface, guiding prin- ciples and strategic goals, strategic focuses,

  17. Creating National Attraction: Military Intelligence Sharing Building Foreign Military Interdependence (United States)


    intelligence sharing agreements drive long- term military partnerships. 6 Neil E. Harrison...well as possible leverage should one state decide to defect from the agreement. The Navy ran into problems with their endeavor to establish a sound ...the years enabled the United States and Colombia to visualize how they could cooperate for a mutually beneficial outcome regardless of their

  18. Research of information classification and strategy intelligence extract algorithm based on military strategy hall (United States)

    Chen, Lei; Li, Dehua; Yang, Jie


    Constructing virtual international strategy environment needs many kinds of information, such as economy, politic, military, diploma, culture, science, etc. So it is very important to build an information auto-extract, classification, recombination and analysis management system with high efficiency as the foundation and component of military strategy hall. This paper firstly use improved Boost algorithm to classify obtained initial information, then use a strategy intelligence extract algorithm to extract strategy intelligence from initial information to help strategist to analysis information.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerhard M Louw


    Full Text Available By 2013, sufficient evidence had become publicly available to confirm what defence analysts had been suspecting for a while now: the military effectiveness of the South African National Defence Force (SANDF is deficient. This article proposes that this condition is due to strategic failure, brought about by the dynamic interaction between the preferred strategic management model of the organisation and its acquired strategic culture(s. The study on which this article reports, further suggests that a design school strategic management model best explains the method towards the SANDF’s current condition of organisational entropy, but that its root cause actually lies in a dichotomous strategic culture. In combination, these two variables conspired to diminish the defence force’s responsiveness to its operational context, resulting in the formation of inappropriate strategy that prevented the SANDF from achieving military effectiveness. While the authors consider the article to be hypothesis generating, it also has an exploratory dimension and paves the way for a validational study at a later stage. Part 1 therefore argues towards a strategic management model that could explain the SANDF’s strategy formulation process, its method of ensuring that strategic outcomes correlate with strategic intent, and ultimately its weakness in accounting for the external environment in realised strategy. This first part mainly employs inductive reasoning and draws its conclusions from an eclectic literary review that included business studies and dynamic systems theory.

  20. Coastal Fortifications and National Military Policy, 1815-1835 (United States)


    military policy . However, before the other projects, such as the expansion of the navy, could receive the monetary attention from Congress, coastal...Coastal Fortifications and National Military Policy , 1815-1835 A Monograph by MAJ Clinton W. Brown United States Army...MM-YYYY) 07-04-2015 2. REPORT TYPE Master’s Thesis 3. DATES COVERED (From - To) JUN 2014 – MAY 2015 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Coastal

  1. The Military Strategy of Global Jihad (United States)


    popular revolution, the global jihadis turn to communist leaders Mao Tse-Tung and Ernesto “Che” Guevara as sources for guerrilla strategy.56 Though the...third stage of the campaign.46 Al-Suri’s strategy is inspired by guerrilla war theories of Mao Tse-Tung, Fidel Castro, and “Che” Guevara .47 the global jihadis’ strategy. Following the successful Cuban revolution, Guevara made an important modification to communist revolutionary theory

  2. Programmed Instruction in Military Training in the NATO Nations. (United States)

    Nagay, John A.

    The state of programed instruction utilization in military training within the separate North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) nations is briefly assessed in this report. Only the programs of NATO countries which have not been covered in detail elsewhere are included: Netherlands, Federal Republic of Germany, Italy, Canada, France, Belgium,…

  3. National Security Strategy (United States)


    isolation that denies us the ability to shape outcomes. Indeed, America has never succeeded through isolationism . As the nation that helped to build our...more and spending less; by resisting protectionism and promoting trade that is free and fair; by coordinating our actions with other countries, and

  4. Technological Strategies and National Purpose (United States)

    Gilpin, Robert


    Discusses the international and domestic implications of technological growth. Defines three basic national strategies: a broad front approach, scientific and technological specialization and importation. Analyzes the strategies followed by form countries - France, the United States, Sweden, and Japan- to illustrate the alternatives and the…

  5. Technological Strategies and National Purpose (United States)

    Gilpin, Robert


    Discusses the international and domestic implications of technological growth. Defines three basic national strategies: a broad front approach, scientific and technological specialization and importation. Analyzes the strategies followed by form countries - France, the United States, Sweden, and Japan- to illustrate the alternatives and the…

  6. National Drug Control Strategy, 2011 (United States)

    Office of National Drug Control Policy, 2011


    In May of 2010, President Obama released the Administration's inaugural "National Drug Control Strategy". Based on the premise that drug use and its consequences pose a threat not just to public safety, but also to public health, the 2010 "Strategy" represented the first comprehensive rebalancing of Federal drug control policy in the nearly 40…

  7. Strategies for Civilian-Military Communication (United States)


    be intensive or comprehensive at the early stages, just enough to plant the idea that there are many types of actors in a theater of operations with...not simply have one “belly button ” with which to network. There may be numerous points of interaction depending upon the type of mission, an...exercises such as Vibrant Response, Austere Challenge, Cobra Gold ; combined arms exercises at the U.S. Army Combat Training Centers (e.g., National

  8. National HIV/AIDS Strategy

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts


    Dr. Kevin Fenton, Director of CDC’s National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention, talks about the importance of the National HIV/AIDS Strategy and the work of CDC.  Created: 2/1/2012 by National Center for HIV/AIDS, Viral Hepatitis, STD, and TB Prevention (NCHHSTP).   Date Released: 2/1/2012.

  9. Psychohistory before Hitler: early military analyses of German national psychology. (United States)

    Bendersky, J W


    As part of a grandiose post-World War I psychological project to predict the behavior of nations, the U.S. Military Intelligence Division (MID) utilized racial and social psychological theories to explain an alleged problematic German national character. Though unsuccessful, this project has major significance in the history of psychohistory. For the newly discovered MID files reveal that ideas, attitudes, and biases many psychohistorians subsequently identified as manifestations of a peculiar German national character had previously been held by American officers and reputable psychologists. What American analysts would, in 1940, view as symptoms of a maladjusted German mind, their predecessors had, in 1920, considered valid scientific concepts.

  10. Sex differences in coping strategies in military survival school. (United States)

    Schmied, Emily A; Padilla, Genieleah A; Thomsen, Cynthia J; Lauby, Melissa D Hiller; Harris, Erica; Taylor, Marcus K


    A wealth of research has examined psychological responses to trauma among male military service members, but few studies have examined sex differences in response to trauma, such as coping strategies. This study assessed coping strategies used by male and female U.S. service members completing an intensely stressful mock-captivity exercise, compared strategies by sex, and assessed the relationship between coping and posttraumatic stress symptoms (PTSS). Two hundred service members (78% male) completed self-report surveys before and after mock captivity. Surveys assessed demographics, service characteristics, PTSS, and coping strategies used during mock captivity. Participants used seven coping strategies: denial, self-blame, religion, self-distraction, behavioral disengagement, positive reframing, and planning. Women used denial (p≤.05), self-blame (p≤.05), and positive reinterpretation (p≤.05) strategies more frequently than men, and they had higher PTSS levels following the exercise. Structural equation modeling showed that the relationship between sex and PTSS was fully mediated by coping strategies. The results of this study suggest that reducing the use of maladaptive coping strategies may mitigate PTSS among females. Future efforts should target improving coping during highly stressful and traumatic experiences. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  11. US–China Military Technological Competition and the Making of Chinese Weapons Development Strategies and Plans


    CHEUNG, Tai Ming


    How do Chinese decision-makers and strategists view the United States todayas a military strategic competitor especially in light of the US Third Offset Strategy? This brief examines the nature, dynamics, and direction of intensifying US–China military strategic technology competition and how the Third Offset Strategy may influence implementation of Chinese strategies and plans for long-termdevelopment of its military technological and war-fighting capabilities.

  12. An Assessment of National EMT Certification Among Enlisted Military Medics. (United States)

    Harper, Stephen; Crowe, Remle; Bentley, Melissa; Kharod, Chetan; Walrath, Benjamin


    Navy Hospital Corpsmen (HMs) are the Navy equivalent to Emergency Medical Technicians (EMTs) both in-garrison and on the battlefield. In 2000, the Emergency Medical Services (EMS) Education Agenda for the Future highlighted the need for a single certification agency to provide consistent evaluation of entry level competence for each nationally recognized EMS provider level. Administered by the National Registry of EMTs (NREMT), National EMT Certification is currently utilized by 46 states, the District of Columbia, four territories, and six federal organizations as part of their processes for granting licensure. Unlike the Air Force (USAF) and Army (USA), the Navy (USN) does not require National EMT Certification to perform the duties equivalent to a civilian EMT. Our objective is to describe the number of USN HMs, USAF medics, and USA combat medics who have obtained National EMT Certification from 2007 through 2014. Results from all USN HMs, USAF medics, and USA combat medics who tested between January 1, 2007 and December 31, 2014 were queried from the NREMT database. Descriptive statistics were calculated based on a retrospective review of prospectively collected testing data. During the study period, 89,136 Military Service Members received their EMT certification from the NREMT. The breakdown of the total and percent of total is; USA Combat Medics (n = 69,761; 78.3%), USAF Medics (n = 16,195; 18.1%), and USN HMs (n = 3,180; 3.6%). Approximately 4,000 HMs graduate yearly from the Department of Defense Medical Education and Training Campus at Fort Sam Houston, Texas and 253 HMs obtained certification in 2014. About 6.3% (253/4,000) HMs obtained National EMT Certification in 2014, which is a nationally recognized standard for entry-level competence utilized by civilian EMTs and other branches of the military. More information about those HMs that obtain certification may help Commanders maximize the number of HMs obtaining certification. Mandating National EMT

  13. Color Infrared Orthorectified Photomosaic for Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Orthorectified color infrared ERDAS Imagine and MrSID images of the eastern portion of Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site...

  14. Strategies for College English Teaching in Military Academies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Zi-yan


    As pointed out in College English Curriculum Requirements, the main objective of College English teaching and learn⁃ing in military academies is to“develop cadets’ability to use English in a well-rounded way, especially in their listening and speaking abilities, so that in their future studies and careers they will be able to communicate effectively, and at the same time en⁃hance their ability to study independently and improve their comprehensive cultural quality so as to meet the needs of PLA ’s modernization.”This paper focuses on some effective strategies which may be of some practical use for the teaching and learning of the English language.

  15. The Importance of National Ethos in Military Victories

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyal Lewin


    Full Text Available When nations are violently threatened, the choices that they make in order to cope with the challenge of war reflect different alternative possible reactions. They may choose to fiercely fight their battles; they may prefer to surrender, and sometimes the options lay in-between. One puzzle is, therefore, what makes nations fight, and more importantly—what causes them eventually to win or to lose the war. In search for an answer, this study inquires through secondary sources three historical case studies from World War II: Britain, France and Germany, and reviews how each of these major European powers acted throughout the war. After each historical description, the study examines the part that national ethos played in the manner in which each state handled war in moments of crisis. The national ethos of a people is the creed formed from the shared values and traditions through which the nation views its past, present and future; it is the integrating element that defines a nation’s identity and bonds it into a coherent social group. The study reveals how national ethos is intertwined with another phenomenon of social psychology that turns it into a crucial factor in the management of international campaigns: war enthusiasm. Since national ethos is so crucial for the results of the war that a country might lead in order to survive or prosper, it is imperative for decision makers to bear in mind that it is also subject to a process of shaping and reshaping, as the Soviets have proved in relation to their Russian national ethos during World War II. A word of caution, however, is noteworthy: a wide historical perspective shows that even though the right kind of national ethos is essential for winning a war it is far from being enough. Hence national ethos proves, at the end of the day, to be a necessary condition for military victory but certainly not a sufficient one.

  16. 77 FR 64544 - Minor Boundary Revision at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park (United States)


    ... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF THE INTERIOR National Park Service Minor Boundary Revision at Chickamauga and Chattanooga National Military Park AGENCY... Military Park is modified to include an additional 13.75 acres of land identified as Tract 11-109....

  17. Field Plot Points for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile shows the location of vegetation sampling plots used for vegetation classification and mapping at Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park

  18. Spatial Vegetation Data for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile is an vegetation map of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, Virginia. It was developed by The Virginia Department of Conservation...

  19. Field Plot Points for Guilford Courthouse National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This is a vector file showing the location of NatureServe plots at Guilford Courthouse National Military Park. The coordinates of this dataset were collected using...

  20. Brazil’s National Defense Strategy -- A Deepening of Civilian Control (United States)


    Identity Crisis.” Journal of Interamerican Studies and World Affairs 42, no.3 (Autumn 2000): 149 in JSTOR (Accessed September 17, 2008). 26 Ibid. 161 27...34 Ibid. 35 Stockholm International Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” Peace Research Institute, “Military Expenditure Database – Brazil,” 59 Jobim and Unger, National Defense Strategy. 60 Senior SOUTHCOM

  1. Strategy for a Military Spiritual Self-Development Tool (United States)


    military leaders can identify through use of a spirituality measurement tool. While the works of Jean Piaget , Lawrence Kohlberg, and Erik Eri have... Piaget , Kohlberg, and Erikson in a comprehensive theory directly applicable to the topic of spiritual development in the military. Therefore, the

  2. National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy and its implementation

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K


    Full Text Available The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy (NIMS) was approved by Cabinet in 2006. This Strategy sets overarching policy for sector-based initiatives and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. It is an essential part...

  3. Progress with the national infrastructure maintenance strategy

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K


    Full Text Available The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy was approved by Cabinet in August 2006. This strategy sets overarching policy for sector-based initiatives, and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. Simultaneous...

  4. National infrastructure maintenance strategy for South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Wall, K


    Full Text Available especially in respect of those at local government level. The National Infrastructure Maintenance Strategy sets overarching national policy for sector-based initiatives, and describes the framework for a coordinated programme of actions. Simultaneous...

  5. The fishes of Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas, 2003 (United States)

    Justus, B.G.; Petersen, James C.


    A fish inventory was conducted at Pea Ridge National Military Park, Arkansas, during base-flow conditions in September 2003. Six sites including four streams and two ponds were sampled using conventional electrofishing equipment (a seine also was used at one site). There were 653 individuals collected comprising 18 species (plus 1 hybrid) and 15 genera. The number of species collected at the four stream sites ranged from 1 16. Most fish species collected generally are associated with small streams in the Ozark Plateaus. The two most common species were the banded sculpin and the southern redbelly dace. Three species and a sunfish hybrid were collected from the quarry pond. No fish were collected from the unnamed pond. A preliminary expected species list incorrectly listed 42 species because of incorrect species range or habitat requirements. One species not on the original list was added to the revised list. Upon revising this list, the inventory yielded 18 the 40 species (45 percent) and 1 hybrid. No previous fish inventories have been completed for park but some observations can be made relative to species distributions. There were only five fish species collected in three headwater streams, and it is unlikely that many other species would occur in these three streams because of constraints imposed on the fish community by stream size. Little Sugar Creek, a medium-sized stream, had the most species collected, and it is likely that additional species would be collected from this stream if additional sampling were to occur. Distribution records indicate that all 18 species occur in the general area. Although no species collected in this study are federallylisted threatened or endangered species, three species collected at Pea Ridge National Military Park may be of some special interest to National Park Service managers and others. Two the species collected (cardinal shiner and stippled darter) are endemic to the Ozark Plateaus; both are rather common in certain

  6. Transforming Military Leaders (United States)


    McGraw Hill, 2005), 608. 41 Peter Guy Northouse , Leadership : Theory and Practice (New York: Sage Publications Inc, 2004), 151. 42 Ibid, 151. 43...KEY TERMS: Globalization, Military Transformation, Leadership CLASSIFICATION: Unclassified A phrase that captures the challenges associated with the... leadership competencies to fully execute our National Security Strategy across the parochial elements of diplomatic, information, military and economic

  7. The Bush/Cheney Energy Strategy: Implications for U.S. Foreign and Military Policy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Klare, Michael T. [Hampshire College, Amherst, MA (United States). Peace and World Security Studies


    The 'National Energy Policy' (NEP) released by the Bush Administration on May 17, 2001 was supposedly intended to meet growing U.S. energy requirements in the first two decades of the 21st Century while also diminishing U.S. dependence on imported oil. This was to be accomplished, the White House suggested, by increasing production at existing oil fields in the United States and by commencing drilling on the Artic National Wildlife Refuge (ANWR) in Alaska. So great was the furor over drilling on ANWR that most people never bothered to examine the NEP closely. This is unfortunate, as a close reading of the NEP report reveals a very different picture than that suggested by White House pronouncements: far from promoting energy 'independence', the NEP assumes that the United States will become MORE, not less dependent on imported petroleum in the years ahead and therefore calls on the Federal Government to take whatever steps are necessary to promote enhanced U.S. access to foreign oil. In particular, the NEP calls on the U.S. Government to seek additional petroleum from the Persian Gulf area, Russia, the Caspian Sea basin, Mexico, Venezuela, Angola, and Nigeria. As is implied by the report, the United States must acquire more oil from these countries in order to permit increased oil consumption in the United States at a time of declining domestic production. Even leaving aside the question of whether these countries will be able to boost their production sufficiently to satisfy steadily rising demand in the United States, this strategy poses enormous challenges for the United States because most of these areas are highly unstable and house anti-American governments and forces. It is likely, then, that U.S. efforts to acquire more oil from these countries will entail the increased presence of U.S. military forces in the area and periodic U.S. military intervention. Indeed, the requirement for increased military action in support of U.S. foreign

  8. Analysis of Serbian Military Riverine Units Capability for Participation in the United Nations Peacekeeping Operations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slobodan Radojevic


    Full Text Available This paper analyses required personnel, training capacities and equipment for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations with the riverine elements. In order to meet necessary capabilities for engagement in United Nations peacekeeping operations, Serbian military riverine units have to be compatible with the issued UN requirements. Serbian Armed Forces have the potential to reach such requirements with the River Flotilla as a pivot for the participation in UN missions. Serbian Military Academy adopted and developed educational and training program in accordance with the provisions and recommendations of the IMO conventions and IMO model courses. Serbian Military Academy has opportunities for education and training military riverine units for participation in the United Nations peacekeeping operations. Moreover, Serbia has Multinational Operations Training Center and Peacekeeping Operations Center certified to provide selection, training, equipping and preparations of individuals and units to the United Nations multinational operations.

  9. EAARL Topography-Vicksburg National Military Park 2007: First Surface (United States)

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan


    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived first-surface (FS) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi, acquired on September 12, 2007. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then

  10. EAARL Topography - Vicksburg National Military Park 2008: Bare Earth (United States)

    Nayegandhi, Amar; Brock, John C.; Wright, C. Wayne; Segura, Martha; Yates, Xan


    These remotely sensed, geographically referenced elevation measurements of Lidar-derived bare earth (BE) topography were produced as a collaborative effort between the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS), Florida Integrated Science Center (FISC), St. Petersburg, FL; the National Park Service (NPS), Gulf Coast Network, Lafayette, LA; and the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), Wallops Flight Facility, VA. This project provides highly detailed and accurate datasets of the Vicksburg National Military Park in Mississippi, acquired on March 6, 2008. The datasets are made available for use as a management tool to research scientists and natural resource managers. An innovative airborne Lidar instrument originally developed at the NASA Wallops Flight Facility, and known as the Experimental Advanced Airborne Research Lidar (EAARL), was used during data acquisition. The EAARL system is a raster-scanning, waveform-resolving, green-wavelength (532-nanometer) Lidar designed to map near-shore bathymetry, topography, and vegetation structure simultaneously. The EAARL sensor suite includes the raster-scanning, water-penetrating full-waveform adaptive Lidar, a down-looking red-green-blue (RGB) digital camera, a high-resolution multi-spectral color infrared (CIR) camera, two precision dual-frequency kinematic carrier-phase GPS receivers, and an integrated miniature digital inertial measurement unit, which provide for submeter georeferencing of each laser sample. The nominal EAARL platform is a twin-engine Cessna 310 aircraft, but the instrument may be deployed on a range of light aircraft. A single pilot, a Lidar operator, and a data analyst constitute the crew for most survey operations. This sensor has the potential to make significant contributions in measuring sub-aerial and submarine coastal topography within cross-environmental surveys. Elevation measurements were collected over the survey area using the EAARL system, and the resulting data were then processed

  11. Five Observations of the Trend of the U.S. Military Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng; Xiangqing


    Since the topics of security and counter-terrorism had dominated the recent U.S. presidential campaign and drawn the public attention, 2004 U.S. presidential election was also a kind of referendum on the new security strategy and military strategy practiced by the Bush administration. Bush's reelection indicates that the U.S. military strategy will be consistent rather than changeable, with the features of "general consistency with partial adjustments; clear objectives with flexible tactics; unilateralist orientation with multilateral approaches; predetermined evolution with increased restraints." In detail the trends are as follows:……

  12. Five Observations of the Trend of the U.S.Military Strategy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meng Xiangqing


    @@ Since the topics of security and counter-terrorism had dominated the recent U.S. presidential campaign and drawn the public attention, 2004 U.S. presidential election was also a kind of referendum on the new security strategy and military strategy practiced by the Bush administration. Bush's reelection indicates that the U.S. military strategy will be consistent rather than changeable, with the features of "general consistency with partial adjustments; clear objectives with flexible tactics; unilateralist orientation with multilateral approaches; predetermined evolution with increased restraints." In detail the trends are as follows:

  13. Reforming Military Resources and the Authority of the United Nations Security Council in implementing coercive military measures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sofia Santos


    Full Text Available The lack of a de facto military component is rather significant in normative and operational terms within the UN system. The differences among the permanent members of the Security Council, which exist since its beginning, have stopped provisions from being enforced which were included in the United Nations Charter, as well as the design of credible and effective alternatives. Considering that what is at stake are coercive military measures decided by the Security Council under Chapter VII, this becomes a decisive issue, as these measures were decided ultima ratio to maintain or restore international peace and security. Without an operational Military Staff Committee, without armed forces and without power of authority in the enforcement process, the Council is limited to approving decisions and held hostage to the options of Member-States, namely its permanent members. To ignore the urgency of a reform implies perpetuating a double paradox: on the one hand, the Security Council is required to take increasingly wider responsibility, laid down in article 24 and, in this context, in art. 42, and this body still lacks adequate military instruments; on the other hand, by correlating the reinforcement of efficiency, legitimacy and enforcement of Council decisions exclusively with the reform of its composition and work methodology, we are neglecting the fact that this change requires a reform of military instruments and of its authority within the scope of the body's multidimensional reform process. This paper begins by analyzing the enforcement mechanism established in the Charter and then addresses the issue underlying the delegation of implementing coercive military measures. Finally, the paper discusses the reform proposals, their guidelines and puts forward possible solutions.

  14. Narcotics and National Security: Refining the Military Option (United States)


    1989. (Global Terrorism: 1989) 66Lee, R. W. III, "Cocaine Dilemma," p. 60. 47 themselves into the Asociacion Nacional de Productores de Coca...A DEA report in 1989 concluded that the Peruvian Guardia Civil , including its anti- narcotics police, lacked proper weapons, military skills, and...inflicted wounds by Guardia Civil Personnel. 74 Therefore, the U.S. has placed its hope that the Peruvian military institutions would enter the drug war

  15. the south african military in transition: part 1 – from strategy ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Gerhard Louw;Abel Esterhuyse

    uncertainties remain regarding the causes of strategic failure. Whereas the ... phenomenon, but may also inform new, appropriate strategies to rehabilitate the ... from both the military and business domains, and touched (however superficially) .... Any strategy carries the risk of either failing to achieve one's objectives,.

  16. Exploring Anthropology’s Value to Military Strategy Since 2000 (United States)


    large part highlighted the unexpected mission set the military was asked to accomplish according to the post- Cold War environment of the 1990s. In...kinetics.25 Reports of other success generated by the teams vary from exposing individuals involved with the insurgency to tribal leaders who swear

  17. Improving the National Strategy Process (United States)


    incrementally) under the stress of two wars and the events since 9-11. The current process is fundamentally sound in theory . Paul Miller observed, “One...Strategy: Historicizing Psychology, Policy, and Politics.” Diplomatic History, Vol.32, no. 1 (January 2008): 3. 23 Ibid., 7-8. 24 Flournoy and

  18. National Security Strategy: Mandates, Execution to Date, and Issues for Congress (United States)


    defense posture and key trends, defense objectives and strategies, force posture in a constrained resource environment, and the role of arms control a penalty for failing to comply with a collection of information if it does not display a currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE 06...pre-positioning, and other anticipatory deployments necessary under the national defense strategy for conflict deterrence and adequate military

  19. Ten national cyber security strategies: A comparison

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Luiijf, H.A.M.; Besseling, K. van; Spoelstra, M.; Graaf, P. de


    A number of nations developed and published a national cyber security strategy (NCSS). Most of them were published in the period 2009 - 2011. Despite the fact that each of these NCSS intends to address the cyber security threat, large differences exist between the NCSS approaches. This paper analyse

  20. A global epidemiological survey and strategy of treatment of military ocular injury

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mao-nian ZHANG


    Full Text Available Objective To investigate the current global status of military ocular injury for the purpose of improving the level of domestic epidemiological investigation,in order to improve treatment strategies,and to prevent and reduce the incidence of military ocular injury in Chinese PLA.Methods The epidemiological literature concerning military ocular injury occurring in our country and abroad in recent five years was retrieved by information research;the problems and experiences in the aspects of epidemiological survey,registry,data collection,systematic treatment and prevention of military ocular injury existed in PLA were also summarized and analyzed.Results There were currently no systematic epidemiological data about ocular injury in PLA.A few articles about epidemiological study on ocular injury showed that servicemen were the high risk population of ocular injury.Both in peacetime or wartime the ocular injury was the primary cause leading to monocular blindness of soldiers.As to the ocular injury,in 51.55% of the patients,it occurred in the military operations and work,and 30.31% in military training.The incidence of ocular injury was different in various services,for example,the incidence in the internal security forces of armed police could be as high as 78.85% due to training of martial arts and boxing and wrestling.The deficiency of microsurgery equipments and untimely evacuation were the main causes affecting prognosis during treatment course in primary military hospitals.Conclusions Military affairs,physical training,military maneuver and defense constructions are the main causes of ocular injury in servicemen,and young male soldiers are the main group for prevention and treatment for military ocular injury.More attention should be paid to the epidemiological survey of military ocular injury to find out the causes leading to ocular injury,to improve treatment strategies,to formulate feasible protective measures and then military ocular

  1. Pain management strategies and lessons from the military: A narrative review (United States)

    Vallerand, April Hazard; Cosler, Patricia; Henningfield, Jack E; Galassini, Pam


    BACKGROUND: Wounded soldiers often experience substantial pain, which must be addressed before returning to active duty or civilian life. The United States (US) military has instituted several guidelines and initiatives aimed at improving pain management by providing rapid access to medical care, and developing interdisciplinary multimodal pain management strategies based on outcomes observed both in combat and hospital settings. OBJECTIVE: To provide a narrative review regarding US military pain management guidelines and initiatives, which may guide improvements in pain management, particularly chronic pain management and prevention, for the general population. METHODS: A literature review of US military pain management guidelines and initiatives was conducted, with a particular focus on the potential of these guidelines to address shortcomings in chronic pain management in the general population. DISCUSSION: The application of US military pain management guidelines has been shown to improve pain monitoring, education and relief. In addition, the US military has instituted the development of programs and guidelines to ensure proper use and discourage aberrant behaviours with regard to opioid use, because opioids are regarded as a critical part of acute and chronic pain management schemes. Inadequate pain management, particularly inadequate chronic pain management, remains a major problem for the general population in the US. Application of military strategies for pain management to the general US population may lead to more effective pain management and improved long-term patient outcomes. PMID:26448972


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ünsal Sığrı


    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to analyze Turkish national and military culture in the context of Korean War. The Korean War is the first international military contribution of modern Turkish Republic and Turkish Armed Forces. This was the first contact with other countries’ and cultures’ armies since the foundation of the modern republic. Following the war Turkey joined to NATO and became a certain member of western block of cold war era. Turkish troops’ efforts and involvement in the Korean War did not only contribute to independence of Korea but also contributed to the world peace. Turkish military has a cultural background, which mainly stems from sociological and managerial characteristics of Turkish national culture. In this study an analysis of Turkish military culture is made within scope of Korean War according to Hofstede’s (1980 four cultural dimensions

  3. Thirteenth Century Mongol Warfare: Classical Military Strategy of Operational Art? (United States)


    Morgan, David. The .1g•l. Cambridge: Blackwell Ltd., 1991. Nicolle, David. The Mongol Warlords: Genghis Khan . Kublai Khan . Hhuelchu Tamerlane. Firebird...operational art emerged before Napoleon. The thirteenth century campaigns of Genghis Khan and his Mongol successors do not conveniently fit into the...of mutually reinforcing military and nomadic traditions developed among the Mongols from the reign of Genghis Khan to that of Kublei Khan (1206-1294

  4. Strategies for Allocation of the US Federal Budget: Military and Innovative Dimension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glukhova Darya A.


    Full Text Available The aim of the article is to define the conceptual framework and features of priority directions in redistribution of the US federal funds. This subject is very relevant because it discloses a system of financing and allocations of the most powerful state in the world in many aspects. The article describes the structure of government funding of the national military sector and directions of the modernization of the US military-industrial complex. It has been determined that in the global expansion of military actions the USA in no case remain aloof from the given events. Manufacturing the US military products plays a key role in the defense industry not only of the country itself but also the international community as a whole. For Ukraine, with the complications in its military-political situation, the cooperation with the United States and inclusion of the financial assistance to our country in its federal budget are very important. The mentioned directions for allocating the received funds in the amount of $ 300 mln by the Ukrainian government confirm the support by the American state of our military equipment and modernization of the national defense industry

  5. World society and the transformation of national defense: exploring world cultural impact on security and military



    In this paper, I explore the applicability of sociological institutionalism for the analysis of security and the military. Based on cross-sectional data from 50 countries, I show how values linked to the nation state and security are related to world cultural ideas and the diffusion of rationalized organizational models. Such linkage could explain the transformation of the military as a common and worldwide trend, being based on political and societal preconditions that converge across countr...

  6. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Policy Issues (United States)


    services, post-separation medical and dental coverage, career counseling, financial planning, employment and re-employment rights , and veterans...available at lgbt /2011/05/11/177408/navy-marriage-rescind/. FY2012 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military...raised that the possibility or actuality of military deployments may encourage courts to deny custodial rights of a service member to a former spouse

  7. Evaluating the military potential of a developing nation's space program: A case study of Brazil (United States)

    Collins, Michael J.


    This thesis examines how and why a developing nation may use its civilian space program to acquire ballistic missiles. Using a single case study of Brazil, this analysis looks for universal patterns in space program development and for how Third World nations use their civilian space programs for military purposes. This thesis analyzes the relationship between space and missile development, the Missile Technology Control Regime, reasons for building missiles (political, economic, national security, geopolitical, need for technology), Brazilian civil-military relations, and various technologies and space systems. It identifies the critical technologies required for a successful space program; identifies the critical industries that are missing in Brazil and the technologies that it must import; highlights indicators of military intentions of a civilian space program; and evaluates how the generalizations developed throughout the thesis may be applied to other nations.

  8. the military as a contributor to national development - African ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    of scarce resources of manpower and materials ... deprives the economy of skilied young labour for ... military in development work since they may be ... the gap in educational standards between Jews .... Women's Corps.12 Israel i females who have ... construction of school buildings. .... tion with the civil authorities.

  9. Military and VA General Dentistry Training: A National Resource. (United States)

    Atchison, Kathryn A.; Bachand, William; Buchanan, C. Richard; Lefever, Karen H.; Lin, Sylvia; Engelhardt, Rita


    Compared the program characteristics of the postgraduate general dentistry (PGD) training programs sponsored by the military and the Veterans Health Administration (VA). Gathered information on program infrastructure and emphasis, resident preparation prior to entering the program, and patients served and types of services provided. Programs…

  10. FY2017 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues (United States)


    maternity leave as, “a convalescent period up to 6 weeks following pregnancy and childbirth .” The new policy, as announced, extended the period of...Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues Congressional Research Service 44 Title Summary clandestine human intelligence collection

  11. The cooperative monitoring of military forces: An exercise in strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This exercise examines a hypothetical security problem associated with conventional military forces and border security: a surprise attack. The goal of the exercise is to provide an opportunity to think about how cooperative monitoring can be part of regional security. Two hypothetical countries, VOLCANOES and MOUNTAINS, have been created for this exercise based on the US states of Arizona and New Mexico. They were selected for their size and variety of terrain. Hypothetical background information and characteristics of the two countries are provided. An outline of activities is given, including prioritization of security concerns and monitoring of objectives for security concerns. 6 tabs.

  12. Pain Management Strategies and Lessons from the Military: A Narrative Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    April Hazard Vallerand


    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Wounded soldiers often experience substantial pain, which must be addressed before returning to active duty or civilian life. The United States (US military has instituted several guidelines and initiatives aimed at improving pain management by providing rapid access to medical care, and developing interdisciplinary multimodal pain management strategies based on outcomes observed both in combat and hospital settings.

  13. FY2014 National Defense Authorization Act: Selected Military Personnel Issues (United States)


    potentially affect the welfare of military children as well as servicemembers’ ability to effectively serve their country. (See U.S. Department of...Background: The Transitional Assistance Management Program (TAMP) provides 180 days of premium-free transitional medical and dental benefits after...mental health. These provisions deal with varied mental health concerns, including post- traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and traumatic brain injury

  14. A National Strategy for an Uncertain Future (United States)


    Introduction by Samuel B. Griffith, (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 84. 2. Robert W. Komer, "Thinking About Strategy: A Practitioner’ US Strategy ed. Frank R. Barnett, B. Hugh Tovar , and Richard H. Shultz (Washington: National Defense University Press, 1984), p. 274. 6. Brian M...and with an Introduction by Samuel B. Griffith (London: Oxford University Press, 1963), p. 77. 18. Belisarius, 505-565. 74 .*. .•*r¶ •-"r

  15. Military Infrastructure: Is It as Bad as the Nation’s Infrastructure (United States)


    clipboard" and in use (using optical bar coding) Why hasn’t this technology been used to gather the necessary data to allow managers to make good ...0TU FILE COPY MILITARY INFRASTRUCTURE: IS IT AS BAD AS THE NATION’S INFRASTRUCTURE? 00 N A thesis presented to the Faculty of the U. S. Army ICommand...NUMBERS Military Infrastructure: Is it as Bad as the Nation’s Infrastructure? 6. AUTHOR(S) Major Robert R. Derrick 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NAME(S) AND

  16. The nation and the soldier in German civil-military relations, 1800-1945



    This study of civil-military relations treats the parallel development of: a.) the professional soldier and the Prussian- German army in the era from 1806 until 1945, as well as; b.) the rise of nationalism in central European politics and society, which culminated in the union of the professional soldier and National Socialism after 1933. These two political phenomena of modern Europe, in the first instance, the army, and in the second instance, voelkisch nationalism became a deadly combinat...

  17. The Impact of Military Conflicts on National Economies of the Post-Socialist Space Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ievdokymov Viktor V.


    Full Text Available The article is concerned with studying the impact of military conflicts on the national economies. The study is aimed at assessing sensitivity of the key macroeconomic indicators (GDP, share of military spending in the GDP, and unemployment rate to the military actions, which evolved on the territory of the former USSR countries (Azerbaijan, Georgia, Moldova, Russia, Tajikistan until 2013. According to the results of generalization of publications on this topic three states of the national economy in relation to military conflicts were allocated: the peace-time economy, the war economy, the post-conflict economy. A reduced financing for the defense sector and rising unemployment in the first post-war years, as well as a gradual increase in the GDP on completion of the military actions in the countries under consideration, have been identified. Some attention was paid to the macroeconomic situation and the State policy in the sphere of national security and defense of Ukraine prior to 2014.

  18. Time and the Question of Unintended Impact on Military Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Thomas Galasz


    CHAPTER TEN: Unintended impact on the strategy This chapter identifies two aspects in the variable “time” to address unintended impact on a strategy: Short versus long term focus and predictability. The International Security Stabilisation Force’s focus on the tactical level successes to secure t...

  19. National eHealth strategy toolkit

    CERN Document Server


    Worldwide the application of information and communication technologies to support national health-care services is rapidly expanding and increasingly important. This is especially so at a time when all health systems face stringent economic challenges and greater demands to provide more and better care especially to those most in need. The National eHealth Strategy Toolkit is an expert practical guide that provides governments their ministries and stakeholders with a solid foundation and method for the development and implementation of a national eHealth vision action plan and monitoring fram

  20. Cuba's National eHealth Strategy. (United States)

    Delgado, Ariel; Gorry, Conner


    Cuba has been building a national strategy using information and communication technologies (ICTs) for health since the establishment of the National Medical Sciences Information Center (CNICM) in 1965. Back then, vital statistics and health data - considered a cornerstone of the country's new universal health system - were transmitted by hand or over the phone. As technology grew more sophisticated over the next 30 years, microprocessors and computers were integrated into the process. In 1992, reeling from economic crisis, Cuba founded the national health telematics network known as INFOMED (, betting on the strategy that ICTs could be used to improve population health at low cost. From these initial efforts until today, the country has followed a policy to build and strengthen a virtual health information infrastructure.[1].

  1. Color Infrared Orthorectified Photomosaic Leaf-on for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — Orthorectified color infrared ERDAS IMAGINE image of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park. Produced from 383 color infrared photos taken October...

  2. Engaging military parents in a home-based reintegration program: a consideration of strategies. (United States)

    Ross, Abigail M; DeVoe, Ellen R


    For more than a decade, the long wars in Afghanistan and Iraq have placed tremendous and cumulative strain on U.S. military personnel and their families. The high operational tempo, length, and number of deployments-and greater in-theater exposure to threat-have resulted in well-documented psychological health concerns among service members and veterans. In addition, there is increasing and compelling evidence describing the significant deleterious impact of the deployment cycle on family members, including children, in military-connected families. However, rates of engagement and service utilization in prevention and intervention services continue to lag far below apparent need among service members and their families, because of both practical and psychological barriers. The authors describe the dynamic and ultimately successful process of engaging military families with young children in a home-based reintegration program designed to support parenting and strengthen parent-child relationships as service member parents move back into family life. In addition to the integration of existing evidence-based engagement strategies, the authors applied a strengths-based approach to working with military families and worked from a community-based participatory foundation to enhance family engagement and program completion. Implications for engagement of military personnel and their loved ones are discussed.

  3. National policies and strategies for noncommunicable diseases. (United States)

    Mendis, Shanthi; Fuster, Valentin


    Good public policies are vital for protecting the health of populations. For the prevention and control of noncommunicable diseases (NCD), a single national policy is essential. Such a policy ensures clarity of vision and purpose, sets the platform for joint action to address risk factors and determinants that are shared by major NCDs, and provides coherence with other health and social policies. A national NCD policy also provides an overarching framework that enables governments to combine and balance synergistic public health strategies that target the whole population and those that target high-risk groups. Given that the adopted strategies are evidence-based and cost-effective, national NCD policy development can provide a strong basis for appropriate legislation and regulation in relation to tobacco control and promotion of healthy diet and physical activity. A national policy also serves as a vehicle to facilitate efficient and effective use of available public finances for NCD-related health care, while safeguarding equity. For the reasons alluded to above, a single national NCD policy is more appropriate than separate national polices for each individual NCD, particularly in low-income and middle-income countries that have a critical shortage of human and financial resources, including those necessary for policy development and implementation.

  4. Kings Mountain National Military Park Tract and Boundary Data (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — These ESRI shape files are of National Park Service tract and boundary data that was created by the Land Resources Division. Tracts are numbered and created by the...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yu. Bekkiev


    Full Text Available The article deals with the problem of the system to strengthen the defense industrial capacity. Explored approaches to this problem, given that domestic authors investigated the prospects of high-tech enterprise innovation systems and their sustainability, as well as a variety of instructional approaches, foreign authors assign great importance to the strategic management and systems analysis Management by Objectives defense complex. The problems of strengthening the military-industrial complex and their solutions are presented, such as the need to improve strategic planning (scenario variability of plans, co-ordinated action to overcome threats, challenges and risks, scientific and methodological rationale for the decision-making at all levels (national, regional and organizational. The author gives a system to strengthen the military-industrial potential in the concept of national security, which includes: national values, the program of socio-economic development of the Russian Federation, foreign policy concept, the concept of strengthening the military-industrial complex in Russia's national security, the program of socio-economic development of the Voronezh region, as well as methods of analysis and strengthening the military-industrial complex. Particular attention is paid to the method of co-financing of defense enterprises and methods of quantifying the performance objectives semistructured systems.

  6. Towards 2000: Directions for Australia’s Military Strategy (United States)


    citing Australia’s low population density as evidence of the attractiveness of the continent to the overpopulated * nations to her the United States test the MX missile. Yesterday the Victorian labour Unity faction, the support base for Mr Bob Hawke, the Prime Minister

  7. "Help Us, Serve England": First World War Military Nursing and National Identities. (United States)

    Toman, Cynthia


    Historians generally argue that the First World War was a defining experience from which Canadians emerged with a strong sense of national identity distinct from their British roots. There is little historical research on women's wartime experiences and even less on military nurses. This article explores the working relationships of Nursing Sister Emeline Robinson with British nurses, VAD volunteers, orderlies, and medical officers during her one and a half years with the Queen Alexandra Imperial Military Nursing Service Reserve through her diary, which spans her enlistment, resignation, and re-enlistment with the Canadian Army Medical Corps.

  8. How Nation-States Craft National Security Strategy Documents (United States)


    the NSS should not be lim- ited to accommodate anti-Iraq policy isolationism, economic trade protectionism , and anti-immigration desires, but rather...also be directed at other actors in the international system, such as other nation-states or entities that are potential threats that are considered...any constraints or restraints, such as resource considerations like money or time for the strategy, what threats and opportunities were established

  9. Collateral gains from the military? A cross-national analysis of the armed forces crime relationship. (United States)

    Sun, Ivan Y; Sung, Hung-En; Chu, Doris C


    Research has repeatedly showed that males aged between 16 and 24 years old account for a disproportionately large volume of crime. Armed forces are major employers of young males in their crime-prone ages and thus could play an essential role in crime prevention. The military is a highly structured and regimented total institution in which rigid behavioral norms and very close monitoring are imposed both on soldiers and on officers. Using data from 65 countries for the period of 1995 to 1999, this study assesses the crime-reduction function of the military by testing the influence of the relative size of the armed forces and the existence of conscription on national rates of homicide. The findings show that the size of the military and the existence of conscription are significantly related to homicide rates. Implications for future research are discussed.

  10. The effectiveness of a military pre-hospital fluid infusion strategy. (United States)

    O'Meara, M; Wood, P; Thurgood, A; Porter, K


    We performed a study to assess the effectiveness of a fluid infusion strategy currently used in the military pre-hospital environment using the patient's own body weight as an infusion device. Thirteen healthy volunteers were cannulated and 0.9% sodium chloride infused over a period of ten minutes. The volumes infused were measured and flow rates derived. A mean flow rate of 40 ml per minute was seen through an 18 g cannula. This strategy generates reasonable flow rates, but whether this is sufficient to the clinical aim of fluid resuscitation in pre-hospital settings is unknown.

  11. State institutions and social identity: National representation in soldiers' and civilians' interview talk concerning military service. (United States)

    Gibson, Stephen; Condor, Susan


    Theory and research deriving from social identity or self-categorization perspectives often starts out with the presumption that social actors necessarily view societal objects such as nations or states as human categories. However, recent work suggests that this may be only one of a number of forms that societal representation may take. For example, nations may be understood variously as peoples, places, or institutions. This paper presents findings from a qualitative interview study conducted in England, in which soldiers and civilians talked about nationhood in relation to military service. Analysis indicated that, in this context, speakers were often inclined to use the terms 'Britain', 'nation', and 'country' as references to a political institution as opposed to a category of people. In addition, there were systematic differences between the ways in which the two samples construed their nation in institutional terms. The civilians were inclined to treat military service as a matter of obedience to the dictates of the Government of the day. In contrast, the soldiers were more inclined to frame military service as a matter of loyalty to state as symbolically instantiated in the body of the sovereign. Implications for work adopting a social identity perspective are discussed.

  12. Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania County Battlefields Memorial National Military Park National Military Park Data Landcover Product - NOAA C-CAP Source (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — NPScape CCAP landcover (CCAP_LAC - 1996, 2001 and 2006) and landcover change (CCAP_LCC) products. Landcover change is produced from the 1996-2001 NOAA C-CAP and...

  13. Personality profiles and stress-coping strategies of Slovenian military pilots

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maja Meško


    Full Text Available The performance of a pilot also depends on the pilot's personality profile and their stresscoping style. In our study we aimed to analyze, by means of the Big Five Questionnaire (BFQ and the Coping Responses Inventory (CRI, the personality profiles, stress-coping strategies and the relationship between them among Slovenian military pilots. The study involved 120 respondents: 30 of whom were military pilots in the experimental group, while the other 90 were in the control groups. The control groups included sport pilots, the general population and soldiers with no involvement in aviation. The members of the control group were selected with regard to the characteristics of the experimental group members, so that both groups were equivalent in terms of relevant factors (e.g. gender, age, health state, level of education etc, thus participating in a study of equivalent pairs. A statistical analysis identified statistically significant differences between the groups in the following BFQ dimensions: energy, conscientiousness and emotional stability; in the dimensions of CRI 'cognitive avoidance' (cognitive effort to avoid realistic consideration of a problem; and 'emotional discharge or emptying' (behavioural attempts to alleviate tension by venting negative emotions. Results revealed that certain personality characteristics were differentially and significantly related to specific stress coping strategies adopted by military pilots.

  14. The National Drug Control Strategy: A Reality Check. (United States)


    and continue to gain support at the highest levels in the military and government. President Alberto Fujimori of Peru recently suspended all commercial...through terrorism and murder. All of this is especially frustrating to the United States whose supply side strategy requires honest, trustworthy

  15. Using the Oldest Military Force for the Newest National Defense

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brian Claus


    Full Text Available The National Guard is establishing Cyber Mission Teams (CMT that will fulfill a federal role to backfill active duty defending Department of Defense networks, but are also exploring how they could effectively fulfill state missions. The President, Council of Governors, and USCYBERCOM Commander have expressed concerns about U.S. critical infrastructure cyber network vulnerabilities and the increasing magnitude of threat our adversaries pose to those networks’ security. This article explores using this emerging National Guard capability in a state role for protection of critical infrastructure cyber networks. Most of the critical infrastructure is privately owned. Although current executive orders and policy mandate government sharing of cyber threat information, private providers’ reciprocation of sharing their vulnerabilities is voluntary. This article contends that effective cyber defense requires strong private-public partnerships. We developed a critical infrastructure cyber defense model based upon key characteristics from the literature on private-public partnerships and performed a case study of current cyber defense partnerships to validate the model. Our research shows this model to be a useful guide for emerging National Guard Cyber Mission Forces to consider when establishing partnerships for effective critical infrastructure cyber defense.

  16. Grassland and shrubland birds of Gettysburg National Military Park and Eisenhower National Historic Site: Current status and management recommendations (United States)

    Peterjohn, Bruce G.


    Gettysburg National Military Park (NMP) and Eisenhower National Historic Site (NHS) were surveyed for grassland birds during the 2005 breeding season. These parks currently maintain a total of approximately 1,220 ha (3,015 ac) of grassland habitats within a mosaic of cultivated fields and woodlands. The grasslands are hayfields managed through agricultural leases and fields maintained by the National Park Service (NPS). Most grasslands are composed of introduced cool-season grasses, but Gettysburg NMP maintains a few fields dominated by switchgrass (Panicum virgatum) and is creating additional warm-season grasslands. Hayfields managed through agricultural leases support few grassland birds. The most numerous grassland bird communities are found between Seminary and Cemetery ridges in fields managed by the NPS. The parks discourage hay harvesting before July in all fields in an effort to improve the reproductive success of grassland birds.Shrub-dominated habitats were scarce in both parks. A few areas that were harvested recently for timber supported early successional communities in Gettysburg NMP. Other shrublands were limited to narrow corridors (sparrows (Ammodramus savannarum) were locally distributed in Conservation Reserve Program fields and other grasslands with more open vegetation. Savannah sparrows (Passervulus sandwichensis) were limited to one disturbed area undergoing conversion to warm-season grasses. When compared with other cultural parks in this region, the Gettysburg-Eisenhower complex supports a relatively abundant grassland bird community. This community is restricted to a portion of existing grassland habitats, but the potential exists to support a more diverse and abundant grassland avifauna.The following recommendations provide the most immediate benefits for breeding grassland birds in these parks under the current habitat conditions and management strategies. These recommendations are based on the assumption that the current policy of

  17. Greater Sage-Grouse National Research Strategy (United States)

    Hanser, Steven E.; Manier, Daniel J.


    The condition of the sagebrush ecosystem has been declining in the Western United States, and greater sage-grouse (Centrocercus urophasianus), a sagebrush-obligate species, has experienced concurrent decreases in distribution and population numbers. This has prompted substantial research and management over the past two decades to improve the understanding of sage-grouse and its habitats and to address the observed decreases in distribution and population numbers. The amount of research and management has increased as the year 2015 approaches, which is when the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) is expected to make a final decision about whether or not to protect the species under the Endangered Species Act. In 2012, the Sage-Grouse Executive Oversight Committee (EOC) of the Western Association of Fish and Wildlife Agencies (WAFWA) requested that the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) lead the development of a Greater Sage-Grouse National Research Strategy (hereafter Research Strategy). This request was motivated by a practical need to systematically connect existing research and conservation plans with persisting or emerging information needs. Managers and researchers also wanted to reduce redundancy and help focus limited funds on the highest priority research and management issues. The USGS undertook the development of this Research Strategy, which addresses information and science relating to the greater sage-grouse and its habitat across portions of 11 Western States. This Research Strategy provides an outline of important research topics to ensure that science information gaps are identified and documented in a comprehensive manner. Further, by identifying priority topics and critical information needed for planning, research, and resource management, it provides a structure to help coordinate members of an expansive research and management community in their efforts to conduct priority research.

  18. Military Strategy, (United States)


    The Pacific Ocean air defense zone encompasses Japan, South Korea, the Island of Taiwan, South Vietnam, the, the Hawaiian Is- lands...34ely wed by the Soviet command dur- ing the third phase of the war and exerted an important influence on the suc- cessful conduct of strategic

  19. Europe adapts to climate change: Comparing National Adaptation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Biesbroek, G. Robbert; Swart, Rob J.; Carter, Timothy R.


    to develop National Adaptation Strategies (NASs). This paper reviews seven National Adaptation Strategies that were either formally adopted or under development by Member States at the end of 2008. The strategies are analysed under the following six themes. Firstly, the factors motivating and facilitating...... the development of a national adaptation strategy. Secondly, the scientific and technical support needed for the development and implementation of such a strategy. Thirdly, the role of the strategy in information, communication and awareness-raising of the adaptation issue. Fourthly, new or existing forms...... of multi-level governance to implement the proposed actions. Fifthly, how the strategy addresses integration and coordination with other policy domains. Finally, how the strategy suggests the implementation and how the strategy is evaluated. The paper notes that the role of National Adaptation Strategies...

  20. Is the U.S. National Security Strategy Balanced? An Assessment of the Role of Domestic Issues as Part of the National Security Strategy (United States)


    Budget Office, 82. 16Nye, 220-222. 17 Edward M. Earle, " Adam Smith , Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List: The Economic Foundations of Military Power...34 Adam Smith , Alexander Hamilton, Friedrich List: the Economic Foundations of Military Power." Makers of Modern Strategy. Princeton; NJ: Princeton

  1. Medical Diplomacy: A Tool for Enabling National Security Strategy Objectives (United States)


    Biosurveillance Coordinating Unit CDC Oversees the National Biosurveillance Strategy. Outlined in Homeland Security Presidential Directive-21...addresses global disease outbreaks National Biosurveillance System DHS National Biosurveillance Information Center Around-the-clock domestic... biosurveillance Medical countermeasures National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases, NIH Conduct and support research aimed at developing

  2. The United States National Security Strategy: Grand Strategy or Propaganda (United States)


    Hegel was right when he said that we learn from history that man can never learn anything from history.” George Bernard Shaw 58 July 26th, 2007...nation more challenging.124 As Taylor and Snider explain, “With the global diffusion of power, national policy also becomes less fungible, less...124 William J. Taylor and Don M Snider, “U.S. National Security Agenda and U.S. National Security Policy: Realities and Dilemmas,” The

  3. The Long-Run Dynamic of the Nexus between Military Strength and National Power: An Econometric Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emilio Casetti


    Full Text Available A number of literatures suggest that military strength has been losing centrality and importance to nonmilitary factors of national power. In this paper, logistic regressions and data from the Correlates of War (COW project are used to investigate whether over the 1820–2000 time horizon, for the great powers and their proximate contenders, the importance of military capabilities to national power has declined vis-à-vis that of economic capabilities. Estimation was carried out using generalized estimating equations (GEEs. The overall picture that emerges from the analysis is that of a transition in progress from a systemic state in which military capabilities were the dominant determinants of national power to a state in which economic capabilities will become the dominant ones. The analysis is concerned with long-run trends, and its results are not necessarily applicable to specific countries and circumstances.

  4. Civil Discourse or Civil War? The Influence of Civil-Military Relations on Iraq and Afghanistan War Strategy (United States)


    Hopkins Univ. Press, 2009), 44. 10 Mackubin T. Owens (professor, Naval War College, Newport, RI), interview by the author, 5 April 2011. 11 Risa (accessed 18 March 2011). Brooks, Risa A. Shaping Strategy: The Civil-Military Politics of Strategic Assessment

  5. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012


    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper paper proposes a strategy that is committed to these principles: (1) quality through Career Industry Council of Australia (CICA) benchmarking, quality frameworks and processes and as a risk management strategy; (2) lifetime access to career development services; (3) development of career…

  6. Developments in national climate change mitigation legislation and strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dubash, N.K.; Hagemann, M.; Höhne, N.; Upadhyaya, P.


    The results are presented from a survey of national legislation and strategies to mitigate climate change covering almost all United Nations member states between 2007 and 2012. This data set is distinguished from the existing literature in its breadth of coverage, its focus on national policies (ra

  7. Guide to National Security Policy and Strategy (United States)


    possible strategy by examining it for suitability, acceptability, and feasibility. Those three adverbs test each of the three components of strategy...see Karl Deutsch , The Analysis of International Relations (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice Hall, 1968), pp. 21-39. 38 Robert Jervis, Perceptions and

  8. An assessment of Turkish Defense Industry and Turkey's efforts to transfer military technology: strategies for arming the future



    The end of the cold war has created a safer environment for most nations and reduced the need for fielding huge armed forces and vast investments for defense. However, due to her very special strategic position and historical responsibilities, Turkey still faces a range of substantial threats to its national interests, physical security, economic well being. These threats require the maintenance of a broad set of military capabilities in order to deter, and if necessary, to fight and win any ...

  9. Walnut Creek National Wildlife 1993 planting strategy (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The following is a summary of seed and ecotypes of seed available for planting on WNT, as well as development of planting and subsequent management strategies:

  10. National Security Strategy: What About the Environment (United States)


    and South Korea, to seabed mining and drilling rights in countries surrounding the Caspian Sea. According to Ambassador Jan Kubis , Secretary General of...national economy, distribute wealth, and provide basic goods and services. Kubis notes, “Such environmental pressures 8 could make social polarization...the U.S. interest (Washington, D.C.: Jewish Institute for National Security Affairs, 2001), x. 21 7 Ibid. 8 Jan Kubis , “Initiative For Change,” Our

  11. National Strategies for Public Library Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna


    by The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media, and The Swedish Arts Council, who both administer development grants to public libraries. The paper identifies both differences and similarities in both the means to (the political agendas) and the objectives of governmental influence in the libraries.......The economic rationale of New Public Management (NPM) is used in both Sweden and Denmark in order to employ the national cultural policies in local development projects. The paper discusses two different organizational models that are used in order for the national level to be able to exercise...... policies on the local level are discussed. according to the national goals and cultural policies for libraries. This is done in order to point towards a possible relationship between the political means and ends regarding library development. The two models to be discussed are the systems practiced...

  12. Transforming and contesting nation branding strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ren, Carina Bregnholm; Gyimóthy, Szilvia


    The article presents and discusses different strategic communication approaches to Danish nation branding with a special focus on changed practices over time – identifying a shift from streamlined campaigns pursuing uniqueness to pluralist narratives and “events of endorsement”. The aim is to con......The article presents and discusses different strategic communication approaches to Danish nation branding with a special focus on changed practices over time – identifying a shift from streamlined campaigns pursuing uniqueness to pluralist narratives and “events of endorsement”. The aim...

  13. National strategies for physical activity promotion

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wink, G.; Vlasveld, A.; Vaandrager, L.; Kronenburg, J.


    Op 13 en 14 november 2008 kwamen vijftig professionals uit vijftien verschillende Europese landen bijeen in Wageningen om kennis en ervaring uit te wisselen over nationale strategieën voor beweegstimulering. De internationale werkconferentie werd georganiseerd door het Nederlands Instituut voor Spor

  14. National Strategy for Modernizing the Regulatory System for Biotechnology Products (United States)

    This National Strategy for Modernizing the Regulatory System for Biotechnology Products sets forth a vision for ensuring that the federal regulatory system is prepared to efficiently assess the risks, if any, of the future products of biotechnology.

  15. News Note: National Strategy for Multi-wavelength Astronomy (United States)


    The Department of Science and Technology (DST) has released the National Strategy for Multiwavelength Astronomy, which is intended to allow South Africa to take full advantage of its geographical advantages, and to maximise the return on investment made in astronomy.

  16. National Strategies Capabilities for a Changing World (United States)


    addition of unneeded items to the defense budget are examples of actions taken in Congress that thwart bipartisanship . Presidential leadership is...are unclear. On the subject of Congress’s role in national security, Senator Levin’s call for greater bipartisanship and a less parochial approach

  17. From National to Theater: Developing Strategy (United States)


    important to set priorities. Hans Morgenthau differentiated between vital national interests and secondary interests, which are more dif- ficult to...Hegemony on the Cheap,” World Policy Journal 20, no. 4 (Winter 2003/2004). 12 Hans J. Morgenthau , The Impasse of Ameri- can Foreign Policy (Chicago

  18. A national cohesive wildland fire management strategy (United States)

    Forest Service U.S. Department of Agriculture; Office of Wildland Fire Coordination. Department of the Interior


    Addressing wildfire is not simply a fire management, fire operations, or wildland-urban interface problem - it is a larger, more complex land management and societal issue. The vision for the next century is to: Safely and effectively extinguish fire, when needed; use fire where allowable; manage our natural resources; and as a Nation, live with wildland fire. Three...

  19. Advising Host Nations and Host Nation Security Forces: The United States Military Advisory Efforts through 2020 (United States)


    List MNC-I Multinational Corps-Iraq MNSTC-I Multi-National Security Transition Command-Iraq MOD Minister of Defense MoDA Minister of Defense...positive note, DOD implemented the Ministry of Defense Advisor ( MoDA ) program in 2010 to overcome the advisor shortcoming, for both the Minister of...Defense (MOD) and Minister of Interior (MOI). The DOD developed the MoDA program as a result of operational requirements in Afghanistan and Iraq. MOD

  20. Foresight and strategy in national research councils and research programmes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Per Dannemand; Borup, Mads


    This paper addresses the issue of foresight and strategy processes of national research councils and research programmes. It is based on a study of strategy processes in national research councils and programmes and the challenges faced by their strategy activities. We analysed the strategy...... processes of two organisations: the Danish Technical Research Council and the Danish Energy Research Programme. We analysed the mechanisms of the strategy processes and studied the actors involved. The actors’ understanding of strategy was also included in the analysis. Based on these analyses we argue...... that the impact of foresight exercises can be improved if we have a better understanding of the traditions and new challenges faced by the research councils. We also argue that a more formal use of foresight elements might improve the legitimacy and impact of the strategic considerations of research councils...

  1. Toward a National Standards Strategy Conference Report (United States)


    4 -47, zona 10 Guatemala , GUATEMALA Telephone: 502/331-8102 Fax: 502/368-1071 Email: Michael Newman NIST Public and...needed. 4 . Development of industry standards should be approached on a sectoral basis. vii 5. Electronic information transfer is a cornerstone for...participation, fund expenses, and even isolate national bodies that do not. 4 . The European Association for the Coordination of Consumer Representation

  2. Evaluation of the National Teenage Pregnancy Strategy: final synthesis report


    Wellings, Kaye; Wilkinson, Paul; Kane, Ros


    The Teenage Pregnancy Strategy in England, published in June 1999, is a multifaceted strategy that includes action to both halve the under 18 conception rate by 2010 and provide support to teenage parents to reduce the long term risk of social exclusion by increasing the proportion in education, training and employment. The Strategy has four major components: 1) a national media awareness campaign via independent radio and teenage magazines, 2) joined up action to ensure that ...

  3. Learning to Leave. The Preeminence of Disengagement in US Military Strategy (United States)


    imperially chauvinistic and condescending as Kipling’s racist cultural satire . Still, pundits argue the manifest destiny of PCO and SASO daily. Even...Bauer. Charlottes- ville, VA: University Press of Virginia , 1975. ———. “Korea and the Balance of Power.” In Guttmann, Ko- rea: Cold War and Limited War...University Press of Virginia , 1975. Reagan, Ronald W. “National Security Strategy.” 1988. Record, Jeffrey. Comparing Iraq and Vietnam. Lecture presented

  4. Toward a digital library strategy for a National Information Infrastructure (United States)

    Coyne, Robert A.; Hulen, Harry


    Bills currently before the House and Senate would give support to the development of a National Information Infrastructure, in which digital libraries and storage systems would be an important part. A simple model is offered to show the relationship of storage systems, software, and standards to the overall information infrastructure. Some elements of a national strategy for digital libraries are proposed, based on the mission of the nonprofit National Storage System Foundation.

  5. Mainstreaming Children into National Poverty Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balcha, Berhanu; Jones, Nicola; Tefera, Bekele

    The purpose of this paper is to assess how the needs of children are incorporated into Ethiopia¿s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)¿known as the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme 2002-2005 (SDRDP) ¿and to develop policy recommendations for the second PRSP based...... on a comparative content analysis with other countries¿ PRSPs. The paper begins by identifying the key ingredients of a child-centred PRSP, including: consideration of childhood poverty in the document¿s poverty analysis; spaces for consultation with children; childspecific policies and programmes as well as child...... the multi-dimensionality of childhood poverty in Ethiopia....

  6. Mainstreaming Children into National Poverty Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Balcha, Berhanu; Jones, Nicola; Tefera, Bekele

    The purpose of this paper is to assess how the needs of children are incorporated into Ethiopia¿s Poverty Reduction Strategy Paper (PRSP)¿known as the Ethiopian Sustainable Development and Poverty Reduction Programme 2002-2005 (SDRDP) ¿and to develop policy recommendations for the second PRSP based...... on a comparative content analysis with other countries¿ PRSPs. The paper begins by identifying the key ingredients of a child-centred PRSP, including: consideration of childhood poverty in the document¿s poverty analysis; spaces for consultation with children; childspecific policies and programmes as well as child...... the multi-dimensionality of childhood poverty in Ethiopia....

  7. National Strategies for Public Library Development

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kann-Christensen, Nanna


    policies on the local level are discussed. according to the national goals and cultural policies for libraries. This is done in order to point towards a possible relationship between the political means and ends regarding library development. The two models to be discussed are the systems practiced...... by The Danish Agency for Libraries and Media, and The Swedish Arts Council, who both administer development grants to public libraries. The paper identifies both differences and similarities in both the means to (the political agendas) and the objectives of governmental influence in the libraries....

  8. Performance measures for combat-ready forces in the military

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Engelbrecht, GN


    Full Text Available The development of performance indicators in the military is dependent on the measurability of its associated strategies. Von Clausewitz (1976) argues that nations are either at war or preparing for war. It follows that military forces should have a...

  9. Clausewitz and the Theory of Military Strategy in Europe - Reflections Upon a Paradigm of Military Strategy Within the European Common Security and Defense Policy (ESDP) (United States)


    call this the bicycle theory of integration: �move forward, or fall over�. 12 Finnemore , Martha , National Interests in International pursue pure national interests . 51 Finnemore , National Interests in International Society, p...2. 52 Finnemore , National Interests in International Society, p. 2. 53 Risse, Thomas: ��Let�s argue!: Communicative Action in World Politics�, in

  10. 76 FR 68609 - Military Family Month, 2011 (United States)


    ... Proclamation 8746--National Diabetes Month, 2011 Proclamation 8747--National Entrepreneurship Month, 2011... dedicated to doing more for our military families by enhancing learning opportunities for our military...

  11. Comparison of Recruitment Strategy Outcomes in the National Children's Study. (United States)

    Park, Christina H; Winglee, Marianne; Kwan, Jennifer; Andrews, Linda; Hudak, Mark L


    In 2000, the US Congress authorized the National Institutes of Health to conduct a prospective national longitudinal study of environmental influences on children's health and development from birth through 21 years. Several recruitment methodologies were piloted to determine the optimal strategy for a main National Children's Study. After an initial pilot recruitment that used a household enumeration strategy performed poorly, the National Children's Study Vanguard Study developed and evaluated the feasibility, acceptability, and cost of 4 alternate strategies to recruit a large prospective national probability sample of pregnant women and their newborn children. We compare household-based recruitment, provider-based recruitment, direct outreach, and provider-based sampling (PBS) strategies with respect to overall recruitment success, efficiency, cost, and fulfillment of scientific requirements. Although all 5 strategies achieved similar enrollment rates (63%-81%) among eligible women, PBS achieved the highest recruitment success as measured by the ratio of observed-to-expected newborn enrollees per year of 0.99, exceeding those of the other strategies (range: 0.35-0.48). Because PBS could reach the enrollment target through sampling of high volume obstetric provider offices and birth hospitals, it achieved the lowest ratio of women screened to women enrolled and was also the least costly strategy. With the exception of direct outreach, all strategies enrolled a cohort of women whose demographics were similar to county natality data. PBS demonstrated the optimal combination of recruitment success, efficiency, cost, and population representativeness and serves as a model for the assembly of future prospective probability-based birth cohorts. Copyright © 2017 by the American Academy of Pediatrics.

  12. 奥巴马特色鲜明的精兵战略%Obama Puts His Stamp On Strategy For A Leaner Military

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Elisabeth Bumiller; Thom Shanker; 李凤芹


    President Obama has for the first time put his own stamp on an all-encompassing2 American military policy by turning from the grinding3 ground wars that he inherited from the Bush administration and refocusing on what he described as a smaller, more agile4 force across Asia, the Pacific and the Middle East.In an unusual appearance at the Pentagon briefing room on Thursday, Mr. Obama outlined a new national defense strategy driven by three realities: the *winding down5 0f a decade of war in Iraq and Afghanistan, a fiscal crisis demanding hundreds of billions of dollars in Pentagon budget cuts and a rising threat from China and Iran.

  13. A New Element of National Security: Military Forces in Environmental Protection (United States)


    diplomacy fails potesngenal serity.promotes general security." to reach an accord? Is the Galtung , p.190. use of military legitimate in this instance...termination of hostilities will require a new paradigm for long term peace. 25 SELECTED BIBLIOGRAPHY Galtung , Johan. Environment, Development. and Military

  14. Military Famine, Human Rights, and Child Hunger: A Cross-National Analysis, 1990-2000 (United States)

    Jenkins, J. Craig; Scanlan, Stephen J.; Peterson, Lindsey


    Discussions of world hunger have focused on economic growth and international food aid, assuming that food supply is the critical issue. The authors show that food access rooted in social stratification and military power is the central problem. Synthesizing the entitlement and military famine approaches to hunger, the authors examine the effects…

  15. European national strategies to move towards very low energy buildings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wittchen, Kim Bjarne; Thomsen, Kirsten Engelund

    difficult. One way of promoting very low energy buildings is by various direct or indirect actions that make these kinds of buildings more attractive. The most popular support for low energy buildings is e.g. loans with low interest rates to finance low energy buildings. This is done either by means...... high energy performance. It is important to stress the need for MS to introduce a national or regional definition of very low energy buildings in their building regulation and to develop a national strategy towards this level of energy performance to become the standard. This market transformation...... the ambition in the EU Action plan - to develop an EU strategy towards very low energy houses. The current recast of the EPBD is an opportunity, which must not be missed to introduce the requirement to MS to define very low energy buildings and a national strategy towards this level of energy performance...

  16. 军队科研机构推进国防知识产权转化运用%Analysis on the transformation and application of national defense intellectual property rights promoted by military scientiifc research institutions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹德斌; 张继东


    军队科研机构作为国家科技创新体系的重要组成部分,承担了大量科技创新任务,产生了许多具有自主知识产权的高水平科技成果,推动军队科研机构国防知识产权转化运用,是贯彻军民融合发展战略的必要途径。分析了军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的现状及制约转化的现实障碍,并结合实际探讨了推进军队科研机构国防知识产权转化的建议举措。%As an important part of national innovation system, the military research institutions undertake a large number of scientific and technological innovation tasks, produce a number of high level of scientific and technological achievements with independent intelectual property rights, and promote the national defense intelectual property rights by military scientific research institutions into application. It is a necessary way to implement the civil military integration development strategy. The study analyzes current situation of the military scientific research institutions’ national defense intelectual property rights transformation and obstacles restricting transformation, and discusses the measures to promote the transformation of national defense intelectual property rights of the military scientiifc research institutions.

  17. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012


    The Career Development Association of Australia (CDAA) congratulates the Commonwealth Government on the development of the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper. This is a timely and important document that provides a framework to demonstrate the central contribution that career development services play in supporting individuals,…

  18. Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper (United States)

    Australian Journal of Career Development, 2012


    The Career Development Association of Australia (CDAA) congratulates the Commonwealth Government on the development of the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper. This is a timely and important document that provides a framework to demonstrate the central contribution that career development services play in supporting individuals,…

  19. Cybersecurity Strategy in Developing Nations: A Jamaica Case Study (United States)

    Newmeyer, Kevin Patrick


    Developing nations have been slow to develop and implement cybersecurity strategies despite a growing threat to governance and public security arising from an increased dependency on Internet-connected systems in the developing world and rising cybercrime. Using a neorealist theoretical framework that draws from Gilpin and Waltz, this qualitative…

  20. Cybersecurity Strategy in Developing Nations: A Jamaica Case Study (United States)

    Newmeyer, Kevin Patrick


    Developing nations have been slow to develop and implement cybersecurity strategies despite a growing threat to governance and public security arising from an increased dependency on Internet-connected systems in the developing world and rising cybercrime. Using a neorealist theoretical framework that draws from Gilpin and Waltz, this qualitative…

  1. Developing Civil-Military Competencies Among Senior National Security Practitioners in Democratizing Latin America (United States)


    current Commandant of Escuela Militar, the Army‟s undergraduate military institution, recalled that at the time of the transition he was an instructor...graduate of the US Army War College, is Commandant of Escuela Militar and in a position to influence the professional development of the issues.39 Military officers have two main opportunities to earn PME. Escuela Militar‟s 4-year undergraduate program has several courses where

  2. Pre- and Post-Marital Chaplain Ministry to Military Personnel and Korean Nationals. (United States)


    service person’s financial ability and the alien spouse’s immigration requirements. In addition to the commander’s *initial screening , both service...all military families in addition to military transcultural marriages. Korean Wives’ View of Commanders’ Screening Advice Army regulation requires...Encourage the applicant to seek premarital advice and counsel of a mili- tary chaplain or a civilian clergyman of the applicant’s choice, before making

  3. Colombia’s National Security Strategy, A New "COIN" Approach (United States)


    power in Latin America .27 These revolutionary achievements validated the applicability of this model in Colombia. As a result, the FARC gave high...relationships for the long term. A New View of Civil-Military Relations and Military Strategy For years Latin America suffered the terrible consequences of...Eduardo Pizarro, Una Democracia Asediada, Balance y Perspectivas del Conflicto Armado en Colombia (Bogotá: Grupo Editorial Norma, Marzo 2004), 94. 24

  4. National symbols and distinctiveness: rhetorical strategies in creating distinct national identities. (United States)

    Finell, Eerika; Liebkind, Karmela


    The purpose of this study is to examine qualitatively how respondents create national distinctiveness using rhetorical identity strategies in the context of four Finnish national symbols. The data consist of 127 essays written by Finnish secondary school students. Analysis revealed five different strategies used to distinguish between the in-group and the out-group. These strategies differ on two dimensions: the level of polarization, and the extent to which the in-group-out-group relationship is depicted as being active versus passive. Furthermore, the analysis showed that the two dimensions of nationalism, particularism and universalism, have an important role in the differentiation processes and therefore highlighted the importance of taking into consideration ideological issues while studying social identities. The meaning of the contents of national identity in the differentiation processes is also discussed.

  5. Innovative strategy in the system of national economy management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.Ye. Teroshkina


    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to analyse and to define intrinsic features of innovative strategy for further use of the best experience when developing mechanisms of formation and their realization in Ukraine. The results of the analysis. Eeconomic contents and interrelation of the concepts «development» and «innovative strategy» are defined. It is proved that use of the term «innovative development» is repetition of similar words according to the economic contents or if to be guided by logic, it is identical statements. Both there can’t be development without innovations, and innovations without development are impossible. The main approaches to scientific studying and understanding of essence of «innovative strategy» economic system which characterizes its certain aspect are defined, emphasizing the most essential differences and features. It is defined that innovative strategy represents the main strategy of high-quality growth of modern national economy; it is defined a common goal, model and development mechanisms, priorities, role of various participants in the course of its realization. Main types, features of innovative strategy at macrolevel, their place and value in system of public administration are also considered by national economy. The solution of a problem of restructuring of economy of Ukraine, maintenance of its competitiveness and providing economic security becomes possible only at realization of innovative strategy of the state, on the basis of continuous updating of technical base of production, improvement of its technological structure due to use of the innovations providing economy of expenses or creating conditions for such economy. The principles, the purposes and problems of innovative strategy in the Ukrainian conditions are defined. Conclusions and directions of further researches. Dynamics of business cycles, especially their last phase, confirm that the optimum model, capable to

  6. An Analysis of the Military Strategy of Douglas MacArthur (United States)


    of Honor French Legion of Honor Fourragere French Medal Militaire Fourragere French Croix de Guerre with Four Palms French Grand Cross of the Legion...Defense Medal Philippine Liberation Medal Polish Grand Croix Polonia Restituta 41 ______________ CONTINUED ,,_,_, Polish Virtutae Militaire Romanian Grand Cross Order of Military Yugoslavian Grand Cross Order of White Eagle 42

  7. The effect of a team strategy discussion on military team performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalenberg, S.; Vogelaar, A.L.W.; Beersma, B.


    In modern military operations, people from diverging backgrounds often have to work together in ad hoc teams. These team members are often well trained to perform their own part of the teamwork. However, for optimal performance they should also act as a team. The question is how optimal team perform

  8. The effect of a team strategy discussion on military team performance

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dalenberg, S.; Vogelaar, A.L.W.; Beersma, B.


    In modern military operations, people from diverging backgrounds often have to work together in ad hoc teams. These team members are often well trained to perform their own part of the teamwork. However, for optimal performance they should also act as a team. The question is how optimal team

  9. Bridge to a sustainable future: National environmental technology strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    For the past two years the Administration has sought the views of Congress, the states, communities, industry, academia, nongovernmental organizations, and interested citizens on ways to spur the development and use of a new generation of environmental technologies. This document represents the views of thousands of individuals who participated in events around the country to help craft a national environmental technology strategy that will put us on the path to sustainable development.

  10. Bridge to a sustainable future: National environmental technology strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    For the past two years the Administration has sought the views of Congress, the states, communities, industry, academia, nongovernmental organizations, and interested citizens on ways to spur the development and use of a new generation of environmental technologies. This document represents the views of thousands of individuals who participated in events around the country to help craft a national environmental technology strategy that will put us on the path to sustainable development.

  11. Personhood, dementia policy and the Irish National Dementia Strategy. (United States)

    Hennelly, Niamh; O'Shea, Eamon


    Personhood and its realisation in person-centred care is part of the narrative, if not always the reality, of care for people with dementia. This paper examines how personhood is conceptualised and actualised in Ireland through a content analysis of organisational and individual submissions from stakeholders in the development of the Irish National Dementia Strategy, followed by an examination of the Strategy itself. The organisational submissions are further categorised into dementia care models. A structural analysis of the Strategy examines its principles, actions and outcomes in relation to personhood. Of the 72 organisational and individual submissions received in the formulation of the Strategy, 61% contained references to personhood and its synonyms. Of the 35 organisational submissions, 40% fit a biomedical model, 31% a social model and 29% a biopsychosocial model. The Strategy contains one direct reference to personhood and 33 to personhood synonyms. Half of these references were contained within its key principles and objectives; none were associated with priority actions or outcomes. While stakeholders value personhood and the Strategy identifies personhood as an overarching principle, clearer direction on how personhood and person-centred care can be supported in practice and through regulation is necessary in Ireland. The challenge, therefore, is to provide the information, knowledge, incentives and resources for personhood to take hold in dementia care in Ireland.

  12. The Scientific Field during Argentina's Latest Military Dictatorship (1976-1983): Contraction of Public Universities and Expansion of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET) (United States)

    Bekerman, Fabiana


    This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…

  13. The Scientific Field during Argentina's Latest Military Dictatorship (1976-1983): Contraction of Public Universities and Expansion of the National Council for Scientific and Technological Research (CONICET) (United States)

    Bekerman, Fabiana


    This study looks at some of the traits that characterized Argentina's scientific and university policies under the military regime that spanned from 1976 through 1983. To this end, it delves into a rarely explored empirical observation: financial resource transfers from national universities to the National Scientific and Technological Research…

  14. 76 FR 30193 - National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy; Notice of Intent: Request for... (United States)


    ... Technical Teams will take primary responsibility for developing the content of the Strategy, based around... Fish and Wildlife Service National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy; Notice of... National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (Strategy). The Strategy will provide a...

  15. Determining Nanoparticle Inhalation Exposure in the Prosthetics Laboratory at Walter Reed National Military Medical Center (United States)


    Introduction From historical times to the industrial revolution, human activities have generated dust, fume, smoke, mist , haze, and smog. All the...gears, fans , and blades. Recently, some new applications of carbon fibers have emerged in military application other than 5 aviation indeed

  16. Climate Change Education Roundtable: A Coherent National Strategy (United States)

    Storksdieck, M.; Feder, M.; Climate Change Education Roundtable


    The Climate Change Education (CCE) Roundtable fosters ongoing discussion of the challenges to and strategies for improving public understanding of climate science and climate change among federal agencies, the business community, non-profit, and academic sectors. The CCE Roundtable is provides a critical mechanism for developing a coherent, national strategy to advance climate change education guided by the best available research evidence. Through its meetings and workshops, the roundtable brings together 30 federal and state policymakers, educators, communications and media experts, and members from the business and scientific community. The roundtable includes a number of ex officio members from federal agencies with dedicated interests in climate change education, including officials from the National Science Foundation’s EHR Directorate and its collaborating partner divisions, the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), the Department of Interior, the Department of Energy, and the Department of Education. The issues that are addressed by the roundtable include: - ways to incorporate knowledge about learning and understanding in developing informative programs and materials for decision-makers who must cope with climate change - the design of educational programs for professionals such as local planners, water managers, and the like, to enable them to better understand the implications of climate change for their decisions - development of training programs for scientists to help them become better communicators to decision-makers about implications of, and solutions to climate change - coordinated and collaborative efforts at the national level between federal agencies and other stakeholders This presenation will describe how the roundtable is fostering a coherent direction for climate change education.

  17. Coping strategies used by national champion figure skaters. (United States)

    Gould, D; Finch, L M; Jackson, S A


    This investigation had two purposes: (a) to identify and describe the coping strategies used by national champion figure skaters and (b) to examine the relationship between coping strategies and particular stress sources. Participants were 17 of 20 (85%) Senior U.S. National Champion figure skaters who won titles between 1985 and 1990. All skaters were interviewed, and the interview transcripts were content analyzed. General coping dimensions reported by at least 40% of the skaters included (a) rational thinking and self-talk, (b) positive focus and orientation, (c) social support (e.g., receiving support from coach, talking with friends and family), (d) time management and prioritization, (e) precompetitive mental preparation and anxiety management (e.g., relaxation, visualization), (f) training hard and smart, (g) isolation and deflection (e.g., not letting things get to me, avoiding/screening media), and (h) ignoring the stressor(s). It was also found that the skaters implemented different coping strategies depending on the specific stressors encountered.

  18. [Indonesia draws up plans for a national strategy]. (United States)


    Dr. Sumedha Khanna, the World Health Organization representative in Indonesia, has reported that Indonesia is about to undertake a national level evaluation of maternal health care and training of midwives with the help of a UN subsidy. The results will be presented at a high level seminar planned for July 1992. The main elements of the national strategy and plan of action will also be developed at the meeting and integrated into the National Health Plan. The goal is to reduce maternal mortality to half its current level of 4500/100,000 live births by the year 2000. Part of the strategy will be to remedy the shortage of qualified midwives and of emergency services. Priority will be given to providing each village or health center with a qualified nurse-midwife. The Indonesian government expects to train 33,000 nurse-midwives within 5 years. The World Bank has agreed to subsidize training of 15,000. Physicians in district hospitals will be trained in essential obstetrical functions with the collaboration of the Indonesian Society of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. UNICEF is reportedly prepared to help. The Indonesian Association of Midwives has supported the initiative by using surveys of maternal mortality in different parts of the country to analyze the need to improve the health of Indonesian women.

  19. U.S. Military Technology Dependence: The Hidden Vulnerability to National Security (United States)


    vulnerabilities.14 The introduction of technology into a complex system can create more problems than it solves . Vulnerability is defined in three environments...vulnerabilities at the strategic level, while solving technology challenges at the tactical level. The dependency on technology that is being...combination of military and private R&D allows flexibility and broadens the field of experts, which in turn facilitates creativity in design and problem

  20. Mercenarizing the US Government: Boon for Private Military Companies but Bane for National Security (United States)


    functions to PMCs can enhance the capabilities of the USG across the range of military operations ( ROMO ), there are second-order repercussions that could...several factors led to its growth. First, the post-Cold War peace dividend, coupled with increasing economic opportunities, has led to a winding down of... ROMO ? Fourth, the PMC industry will be evaluated against their ability to “preserve and enhance the all-volunteer force.” 53 The 2010 QDR seeks to

  1. Changing of the Guard: Nation Building and the United States Military (United States)


    in the deaths of thirty-eight people in the city‘s marketplace, the hair trigger of the NATO alliance yielded under the pressure. ―On 30 August...Rumsfeld ―that son of a bitch,‖ or ―that asshole.‖ 14 According to Woodward, ―strong, forceful military advice was bleached out of the system. The

  2. U.S. Military Technology Dependence: The Hidden Vulnerability to National Security (United States)


    18 J. Snell, “Chaos Theory and Post Modernism .” Education, 130(2), (February 2009), 274-276. http...Jennifer Daryl, and J. Macgregor Wise. "Culture and Technology." A Primer, New 2005. Snell, J., “Chaos Theory and Post Modernism ”, Education, 130(2...heated debates over the ethics of their use in war; however, today drones are no longer for military use only. Recently enthusiasts flying drones all

  3. Military Caregivers: Cornerstones of Support for Our Nation’s Wounded, Ill, and Injured Veterans (United States)


    903; van Ryn, Sanders et al., 2011; M. S. Hinojosa and M. Rittman, “Association Between Health Education Needs and Stroke Caregiver Injury...REPORT DATE 2013 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2013 to 00-00-2013 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Military Caregivers : Cornerstones of Support...catastrophic wounds. The nature of many of their wounds, however, means some require long-term care- giving support. Those caregivers often toil in relative

  4. Prairie North: a joint civilian/military mass casualty exercise highlights the role of the National Guard in community disaster response. (United States)

    Vukotich, George; Bayram, Jamil D; Miller, Miriam I


    In a joint military/civilian exercise conducted in June 2010, military National Guard medical and decontamination response efforts proved to be paramount in supporting hospital resources to sustain an adequate response during a simulated terrorist event. Traditionally, hospitals include local responders in their disaster preparedness but overlook other available state and federal resources such as the National Guard. Lessons learned from the exercise included the value of regular joint disaster planning and training between the military and civilian medical sectors. Additionally, military communication and medical equipment compatibility with the civilian infrastructure was identified as one of the top areas for the improvement of this joint exercise. Involving the National Guard in community disaster planning provides a valuable medical support asset that can be critical in responding to multiple casualty events. National Guard response is inherently faster than its federal counterpart. Based on the findings from our joint exercise, states are encouraged to incorporate their corresponding National Guard in civilian critical medical infrastructure disaster preparedness activities, as the National Guard can be an integral part of the disaster response efforts in real multiple casualty events.

  5. French Military Strategy of the End of XIX – First Half of XX Centuries: between Descartes and Bergson?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. O. Loboda


    Full Text Available Was observed the issue of correlation of tradition of philosophic research in France on the end of the 19 century – first half of 20 century with particularities of elaboration and realization of national military doctrines, which were the basic plans of preparation for the both world wars. Were establishes parallels between intuitivism of Bergson, rationalism of Descartes and plans of the French supreme command, which failed during the world wars of the 20 century. Was concluded that given correlations do not have essential personal character; more fundamental influences on the strategic culture should be searched in the ways of cognition, which have been basic for philosophy during all her history, which is intended to be realized in discipline «strategic epistemology».

  6. Local Solutions for National Challenges? Exploring Local Solutions through the Case of a National Succession Planning Strategy (United States)

    Collins, Mike


    The notion of localism and decentralization in national policy has come increasingly to the fore in recent years. The national succession planning strategy for headteachers in England introduced by the National College for School Leadership promoted "local solutions for a national challenge". This article deals with some aspects of the…

  7. Medical examination of Israeli 17-year-olds before military service as a national resource for health information. (United States)

    Kark, J D; Kedem, R; Revach, M


    At age 17 years Israelis undergo medical examination for the purpose of health classification for military service. The potential use of this extensive data collection system for epidemiologic studies is illustrated for selected conditions. Trends in diagnosed disorders over a 25-year period are exemplified in the changing prevalence of tuberculosis, bronchial asthma, diabetes, epilepsy and heart defects. Within birth cohorts, cross-sectional analyses of height, body mass, blood pressure and disorders--such as bronchial asthma, allergic rhinitis, diabetes, psychiatric diagnoses and such genetic conditions as familial Mediterranean fever--point to clear ethnic differences. Educational level is strongly associated with measures of health status. Potential uses of this resource include: detecting groups in need of preventive, curative and rehabilitative care, assessing changing needs and priorities of health care, evaluation of intervention programs and health services provided in childhood, a wide spectrum of etiologic studies including assessment of health effects of social change, follow-up studies including the natural history of disorders, and developing data systems such as national registries of rare or important conditions. Issues relating to data reliability and validity, changing disease classification and nonexamination of groups exempted from military service limit interpretation of findings and restrict uses of this resource. Emphasis on standardization of data collection and diagnostic criteria, quality assurance and improved data management will be necessary.

  8. Effects of military-authorized activities on the San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site, California

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berry, W.H.; Standley, W.G.; O`Farrell, T.P.; Kato, T.T.


    The effects of military-authorized activities on San Joaquin kit fox (Vulpes velox macrotis) were investigated at Camp Roberts Army National Guard Training Site from 1988 to 1991. Military-authorized activities included military training exercises, facilities maintenance, new construction, controlled burning, livestock grazing, and public-access hunting. Positive effects of the military included habitat preservation, preactivity surveys, and natural resources management practices designed to conserve kit foxes and their habitat. Perceived negative effects such as entrapment in dens, shootings during military exercises, and accidental poisoning were not observed. Foxes were observed in areas being used simultaneously by military units. Authorized activities were known to have caused the deaths of three of 52 radiocollared foxes recovered dead: one became entangled in concertina wire, one was believed shot by a hunter, and one was struck by a vehicle. Entanglement in communication wire may have contributed to the death of another radiocollared fox that was killed by a predator. Approximately 10% of kit fox dens encountered showed evidence of vehicle traffic, but denning sites did not appear to be a limiting factor for kit foxes.

  9. Accuracy Assessment Points for Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park Vegetation Mapping Project (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This shapefile depicts the locations of thematic accuracy assessment sampling points used in the vegetation mapping of Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National...

  10. Primena koncepta marketinga za poboljšanje online nastupa Vojne akademije / Using marketing strategy to improve the online presentation of the Military Academy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dragan S. Pamučar


    Full Text Available Internet, elektronsko poslovanje, cyber marketing, nove tehnologije - svakako su termini novog vremena, koje je neophodno primeniti i u poslovanje vojne organizacije. U radu je analiziran dosadašnji rejting i način rada web prezentacije Vojne akademije. Definisane su i ciljne grupe sajta Vojne akademije i predložena strategija promocije web adrese Vojne akademije. / Internet, e-business, cyber marketing and new technologies are some of the characteristics of modern times which should be applied in military organisation management as well. The rating and organization of the Military Academy web presentation have been analyzed. Target groups have been defined and a strategy to promote the Military Academy web address has been proposed.

  11. Regional Military Integration in West Africa: A Case Study of the Multi-National Joint Task Force in the Fight against Boko Haram (United States)


    REGIONAL MILITARY INTEGRATION IN WEST AFRICA: A CASE STUDY OF THE MULTI-NATIONAL JOINT TASK FORCE IN THE FIGHT AGAINST BOKO HARAM......ABSTRACT The militant Jihadist group Boko Haram has established itself as a regional threat in the areas surrounding the Lake Chad Basin (LCB) of

  12. Military Advice and Civil-Military Relations (United States)


    Ballinger Publishing Company, 1985. Builder, Carl H. The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...9 Carl H. Builder, The Masks of war: American Military Styles in Strategy and Analysis (Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins...11 Carl von Clausewitz, On War, ed. Michael Howard and Peter Paret (New York, New York: Everyman’s Library , 1993), 733. 6 importance and thus the

  13. 32 CFR 575.1 - Military Academy. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Academy. 575.1 Section 575.1 National... MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.1 Military Academy. (a) Organization and administration. (1) The United States Military Academy is under the general direction and supervision of the Department of the Army....

  14. Developing a national salt reduction strategy for Mongolia. (United States)

    Enkhtungalag, Batsaikhan; Batjargal, Jamayan; Chimedsuren, Ochir; Tsogzolmaa, Bayandorj; Anderson, Craig S; Webster, Jacqui


    The increase in prevalence of risk factors such as hypertension has contributed to an incremental rise in non-communicable diseases (NCDs) in Mongolia over recent decades, such that they now account for 80% of all deaths in the country. Salt reduction is one of the most cost-effective interventions to reduce the burden of NCDs. In 2011, the Ministry of Health (MOH) instigated the development of a national salt reduction strategy for Mongolia. As part of a 2-week national consultation and training program on salt reduction, it established an inter-sectoral working party and organized a series of bilateral meetings and visits to factories. Actions arising included a baseline survey of population salt consumption patterns and the implementation of a series of pilot salt reduction initiatives. The results of the baseline assessment revealed that average daily intake of salt, based on 24 hour urine samples from a representative national sample (n=1,027), was 11.06±5.99 g in 2011, more than double the World Health Organization (WHO) five grams recommendation. Moreover, while most participants knew that salt was bad for health, few were taking efforts to reduce intake, and many were consuming highly salty meals and tea; salt in tea alone was estimated to contribute 30% of daily salt intake. A pilot Pinch Salt intervention to reduce salt consumption of factory workers was undertaken in Ulaanbaatar (UB) city between 2012 and 2013, and was associated with a reduction of 2.8 g of salt intake. Ongoing food industry initiatives have led to significant reductions in salt levels in bread, and companies producing processed meat have indicated a willingness to reduce salt. Relevant stakeholders have also supported the campaign by participating in annual World Salt Awareness Week events. The activities to date have demonstrated the potential for action and there is now a need scale these up to a national level to ensure that Mongolia is in a strong position to achieve a 30

  15. Sustained Space Superiority: A National Strategy for the United States (United States)


    38 " Robot Camera on Mir abandoned after malfunction," Special CNN Report, Mason, June 2001 23 The End of Secrecy? Military Competitiveness in the Age of Transparency Beth M. Kaspar , August 2001 24 Prompt Global

  16. Towards a Bioeconomy in Europe: National, Regional and Industrial Strategies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matteo de Besi


    Full Text Available Establishing an advanced European bioeconomy is an important step in achieving the transition towards sustainable development and away from fossil fuels. The bioeconomy can be defined as an economy based on the sustainable production and conversion of renewable biomass into a range of bio-based products, chemicals, and energy. Several strategies have been produced in Europe from different perspectives that outline visions, intentions, and recommendations for the transition to a bioeconomy. An analysis of twelve of these strategies was conducted using a meta-analytical framework. This paper outlines the results of this study covering national, regional, and industrial perspectives on the bio-based economy in Europe. The analysis shows that a common direction for the bioeconomy, based on research and technological innovation in the various applications of biotechnology, is developing in Europe. It highlights the important role that the regional level will play in facilitating collaborations between industries and research institutions needed to foster innovation and optimize the use of biomass. The analysis also identifies that the development of European bio-based product markets are needed for bioeconomy expansion. However, the transition needs to have a lifecycle perspective in order to ensure that an economy founded on biomass is sustainable and equitable.

  17. Designating Earth's Moon as a United Nations World Heritage Site - Permanently Protected from Commercial or Military Uses (United States)

    Steiner, R. G.


    This paper proposes that Earth's Moon, in its entirety, be designated a United Nations World Heritage Site (WHS), permanently protected from any and all commercial or military utilization and reserved exclusively for scientific and aesthetic purposes. The paper discusses: 1) the extraordinary importance of the Moon for science, culture, and religion - past, present and future; 2) the history of proposals to exploit the Moon for commercial and military purposes and the shortcomings of this colonial, exploitation paradigm; and 3) the necessity, policy mechanisms, and political dynamics of designating the Moon as a World Heritage Site, permanently protected from commercial and/or military uses. The first part of the paper discusses the extraordinary importance of the Moon as it exists today - as a scientific laboratory, a source of beauty and inspiration throughout human evolution, a source for artistic expression, and as an object that is considered sacred by many cultures. Next, the paper traces the history of specific proposals for the exploitation of the Moon for commercial and/or military purposes - including plans by the U.S. Air Force in 1959 to detonate a nuclear explosion on the Moon, proposals to strip-mine the lunar regolith for helium-3 and rocket-fuel hydrogen; construction of solar power plants to transmit energy to Earth, and proposals to use the lunar surface as a billboard upon which to project commercial advertisements visible from Earth. The profound ethical, legal, and scientific shortcomings of this exploitation paradigm are described as an emerging Extraterrestrial Manifest Destiny that we have a collective obligation to challenge and constrain. The paper proposes that space exploration be infused with an ethical commitment to compassion, reverence, conservation, and non-interference to abiotic and biotic systems alike; as opposed to the expansion and extraterrestrial imposition of the colonization, exploitation, domination, and despoliation

  18. Military Preparedness (United States)


    United States Army War College Department of Command, Leadership , and Management Carlisle Barracks, Carlisle, PA Military Preparednessa Dr...Readiness Management Systems A 1991 RAND study differentiated several readiness appraisals, each constituting a “pillar” of readiness management that...The question seems a simple one at the national level, but in defense management practice it is actually two questions rolled into one, and the

  19. 77 FR 76034 - National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change (United States)


    ... AGENCY National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change AGENCY: Environmental Protection... publishing the final ``National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change'' (2012 Strategy... light of climate change and charts key strategic actions to be taken to achieve the goals in 2012...

  20. The Development and Implementation of a Teaching and Learning Strategy at a Modern Military Academy (United States)

    Thain, Richard Holman; McDonough, Ambrose; Priestley, Alan Duncan


    A strategy for teaching and learning was developed at Britannia Royal Naval College during 2006 in order to address several key issues. These included improving professional knowledge and skills retention, enhancing pedagogical practices to increase levels of student motivation, and adapting the training and educational package to an extremely…

  1. The Military's Business

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Mikkel Vedby

    If the military were a business, would you buy shares? Over recent years, Western armed forces, particularly the US, have been costing more yet achieving less. At the same time, austerity measures are reducing defence budgets. This book uses defence data to examine the workings of modern Western...... militaries and explore what kind of strategies can overcome this gap between input and output. Instead of focusing on military strategy, Mikkel Vedby Rasmussen seeks to draw on the ideas of business strategy to assess alternative business cases - reforming military HR to combat instability in the 'Global...... South' or utilising new technologies to overcome the prohibitive costs of current systems. Analysing the philosophical, strategic and budgetary underpinnings of these alternatives, he concludes that a more radical break from current military organisational practices is needed which would allow them...

  2. Operating in the Gray Zone: An Alternative Paradigm for U.S. Military Strategy (United States)


    to design operations and campaigns around the coercion-deterrence dynamic, which is, around either coercing or deterring rival powers, or some...agreements to weaken, or nullify, our rivals’ ability to resist—all with the aim of fur- thering the designs of grand strategy. Such positioning takes...surveillance conducted by remotely piloted aerial vehicles (usu- ally referred to as UAVs or drones ), which can also be armed with air-to-surface

  3. Infusing evidence-based instructional strategies to prepare today's military practical nurses for tomorrow's practice. (United States)

    Neilson, Richard A; Hopkins-Chadwick, Denise L


    Is there one best method to provide instruction to today's nursing students? The evidence found in the current literature clearly states the answer is no. The student of today is technology oriented. But for them, it's not about technology, it's about the learning that technology provides. With this understanding, this article provides a review of the efforts by the staff of the US Army Practical Nurse Course (68WM6) to infuse evidence-based instructional strategies into curriculum. Five strategies that were integrated into the curriculum are presented: computer assisted learning, gaming software, classroom response system, human patient simulators, and video recordings. All of the initiatives discussed in this article were implemented into the program of instruction over a 6-year period in an attempt to incorporate the use of appropriate technology in the learning process. The results are a testimony to the necessity of using a combination of strategies for teaching today's nursing students. In doing so, the organization not only improved the learning process, but found significant financial savings.

  4. Orchestra of Change: Strategically Harmonizing National Character, Military Forces, and the Character of War (United States)


    including “such varied matters as technology, family life, religion, culture , politics, business , hierarchy, leadership, values, sexual morality...The Innovator’s Dilemma : When New Technologies Cause Great Firms to Fail. Boston, Massachusetts: Harvard Business Review Press, 2013. Cisco...spent listening to me explore the realm of strategy, providing his brilliant perspectives on what strategy is, is not, and could be, and for serving

  5. The National Security Strategy of the Republic of Albania (United States)


    applied consequently in a democratic system . 33. Vital interests guaranteeing, such as: exercise of sovereignty, protection of independence and...balance of security in favor of political means, of the institutions of security and diplomacy, and the dimension and human dignity in a democratic ... system . The use of military force will be executed only to guarantee the constitutional right to protect the vital interests of the country by all

  6. The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress (United States)


    diplomacy and potential military operations during the remainder of the Obama Administration. The section devoted to international security in the...challenges, and opportunities the United States faces; international, regional, transnational, hybrid, terrorist, cyber , asymmetric, and weapons of realize, and the role that the U.S. intends to play on the world stage. 53 Quadrennial Diplomacy and Development Review (QDDR) In 2010, the

  7. Smart Power and U.S. National Strategy (United States)


    Court (1980), he served on the editorial boards of the California Lawyer (1991 to 1994), the Industrial Relations Law Journal (1975 to 1976), and...defense budget’s rate of growth and transform not only the way America prepares for and fights wars, but also how the military industrial complex...films such as Memorias del Subdesarrollo (Memories of Underdevelopment, 1968), Lucia (1969) and Fresa y Chocolate (Strawberry and Chocolate , 1993

  8. Nuclear Strategy and National Style. Volume 1. Main Report. (United States)


    qualification for entering into debate is an ability to state the position of the other side to the satisfaction of that side (and, preferably, to state the...perhaps even substantially in its civilities and incivilities , before the nuclear age had any noteworthy physical military reality. The old order of...experience likely to facilitate his rapid on-the- job education. It is a tentative contention of this chapter that the perilous defense condition in which

  9. A Relook at the National Drug Control Strategy: Supply versus Demand. (United States)


    good first step towards improving any strategy is to analyze it using the conceptual approach described by Arthur F. Lykke, a distinguished military...Study: Costs of Treatment," available from <>; Internet; accessed 6 January 1998. 46 Arthur F. Lykke, Jr...Internet. Accessed 6 January 1998. Kleinman , Mark. Against Excess: Drug Policy for Results. New York, NY: BasicBooks 1992. Krauss, Melvin B. and

  10. An Assessment of Deltaplan: The Dutch National Preservation Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerrit de Bruin


    Full Text Available I am very pleased to be here in this beautiful city, standing before colleagues and friends from the Library sector. In my opinion there are only emotional borders between Libraries, Museums and Archives. In a way we all are facing the same problems, challenges and obligations: ie, how to continue to build and preserve large collections and enhance their accessibility. So I prefer to speak of Institutions, which are helping to preserve the cultural heritage. In my lecture I will tell you about Deltaplan - its successes and its qualified successes. And I also want to tell you about the effects of Deltaplan on the institutions involved. Furthermore, I will tell you something of my own experiences collected during Deltaplan. Owing to the constraints of space, this is, of necessity, a selective appraisal. Libraries where excluded from Deltaplan. They got there own kind of plan in the Metamorfoze project, an initiative of the Netherlands Ministry of Education, Culture and Science and is coordinated by the National Preservation Office of the Netherlands of the Koninklijke Bibliotheek, the National Library of the Netherlands. Documents in archives, objects of art in museums and monuments are threatened by a silent decay. This decay is partly caused by air pollution, light, temperature and relative humidity; fungi, insects and rodents also play their parts; and last but not least by people consulting the original documents or books. Before Deltaplan there were conservation backlogs and no effective management strategies to clear them. Moreover, there were insufficient staff and resources across the sector. Also there were cataloguing backlogs, particularly in the museums. In addition the repositories were inadequate and no proper air conditioning had been installed. Restoration was the common policy in place, to restore materials item by item. As a result there was no overarching conservation plan or policy across the sector, a singular lack of

  11. A national strategy for the export of US geothermal technology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This document presents a proposal for an explicit US strategy to focus this still diffuse interest into a coordinated effort by the public and private sectors to increase exports of US geothermal goods and services over the next five to ten years. This document summarizes the background and need for an explicit US strategy, the factors influencing the development of this strategy, strategy options, and a recommended strategy.

  12. National Energy Strategy: A compilation of public comments; Interim Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    This Report presents a compilation of what the American people themselves had to say about problems, prospects, and preferences in energy. The Report draws on the National Energy Strategy public hearing record and accompanying documents. In all, 379 witnesses appeared at the hearings to exchange views with the Secretary, Deputy Secretary, and Deputy Under Secretary of Energy, and Cabinet officers of other Federal agencies. Written submissions came from more than 1,000 individuals and organizations. Transcripts of the oral testimony and question-and-answer (Q-and-A) sessions, as well as prepared statements submitted for the record and all other written submissions, form the basis for this compilation. Citations of these sources in this document use a system of identifying symbols explained below and in the accompanying box. The Report is organized into four general subject areas concerning: (1) efficiency in energy use, (2) the various forms of energy supply, (3) energy and the environment, and (4) the underlying foundations of science, education, and technology transfer. Each of these, in turn, is subdivided into sections addressing specific topics --- such as (in the case of energy efficiency) energy use in the transportation, residential, commercial, and industrial sectors, respectively. 416 refs., 44 figs., 5 tabs.

  13. Strategies for Overcoming Key Barriers to Development of a National Security Workforce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report documents the strategies for overcoming identified key barriers to development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP) being performed under a Department of Energy (DOE) National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. Many barriers currently exist that prevent the development of an adequate number of properly trained national security personnel. The identified strategies to address the barriers will focus on both short-term and long-term efforts, as well as strategies to capture legacy knowledge of retiring national security workforce personnel.

  14. Coming Home to School: Challenges and Strategies for Effective Teaching with Military Veterans

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michel A. Sportsman, PhD


    Full Text Available This article is an analysis of the unique needs of returning service members at the college or university level that impact the teaching decisions made by instructors. The article also discusses the challenges that service members are individually addressing while acclimating themselves to their new environment of learning. With the reduction in forces occurring after the Iraq and Afghanistan wars, many higher level learning institutions are struggling to adequately meet the needs of returning veterans. In turn, veterans often find that the style of instruction and the general college-level universe are difficult to negotiate. The combination of these factors can often result in veteran students performing below expectation or leaving school without finishing. The article proposes a variety of ways to understand and address these challenges including the use of Scholarship of Teaching and Learning (SoTL strategies and characteristics.

  15. Preliminary assessment report for Kent National Guard Facility (Installation 53065), 24410 Military Road, Kent, Washington

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ketels, P.; Aggarwal, P.; Rose, C.M.


    This report presents the results of the preliminary assessment (PA) conducted by Argonne National Laboratory at the Washington Army National Guard property in Kent, Washington. Preliminary assessments of federal facilities are being conducted to compile the information necessary for completing preremedial activities and to provide a basis for establishing corrective actions in response to releases of hazardous substances. The principal objective of the PA is to characterize the site accurately and determine the need for further action by examining site activities, quantities of hazardous substances present, and potential pathways by which contamination could affect public health and the environment.

  16. Military Reform:Full Steam ahead

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wan Wei


    @@ Military strength has long been designed as a pillar for India's national strategic goal of striving for the status of a world big power through control over the Indian Ocean with a solid groundwork in South Asia. At a time of IT-centered global military revolution the country aims at becoming a global military power by the year 2015 through military reforms geared to her military and national conditions in the following ways:

  17. Nordic national climate adaptation and tourism strategies – (how) are they interlinked?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Landauer, Mia; Goodsite, Michael Evan; Juhola, Sirkku


    The tourism sector is affected by climate change. Nordic tourism destinations have also experienced changes, such as changing precipitation patterns, lack of snow in winter and shifts in seasons. The sector has to implement adaptation strategies but it is unclear whether the current public climate...... policy is sufficient to support considering adaptation actions. We reviewed national climate strategies of the Nordic countries from the perspectives of tourism, but excluding the transport sector. We also reviewed Nordic national tourism strategies from the perspective of climate change, particularly...... the extent to which they address climate adaptation. We found out that the national climate strategies do not pay enough attention to tourism adaptation needs, nor do the national tourism strategies present adaptation actions that tourism actors could consider. To connect these national-level strategies...

  18. Irregular Warfare as a National Military Strategy Approach for Small States (United States)


    those weapons . . . were mostly tough, hardy frontiersmen who had been riding and shooting since childhood .”199 Principle: Use available weapon...concept available to us: “in conventional war there are a few major arteries feeding sustenance to two opposing fronts; in NLDOs there 75 is a... middle of complicated conflicts outside their borders. From the perspective of international commitments, the conflicts in the last decades in

  19. Peter the Great: Linking Military Strategy to National Objectives in Imperial Russia (United States)


    moving between Asia and Europe. Having a monopoly on the transfer of goods and commercial traffic from Persia and India to Europe (from the Caspian to the...and all the exotic products of India .6 LeDonne supports his thesis by pointing out that English traders had been traveling through Russia to reach...niece, Anna Ivanovna (the future tsarina) to Duke Frederick William of Courland in 1710. The Duke was deeply in debt and Anna’s dowry was used to pay off

  20. The PLA and Chinas Rejuvenation: National Security and Military Strategies, Deterrence Concepts, and Combat Capabilities (United States)


    integration. Japan’s “normaliza- tion” (or attempt to break through the constraints imposed on it by the international com- munity after World War II ) is also...conduct in the event Taiwan attempts to become independent, or if the Chinese leadership decides to try to force reunification . These include a...of the CMC.58 During the September 3, 2015, parade celebrating the 70th anniversary of the end of World War II , Xi announced that the PLA would be

  1. Regaining the High Ground: The Challenges of Perception Management in National Strategy and Military Operations (United States)


    American Library Association in Latin America: American Librarianship as a "Modern" Model during the Good Neighbor Policy Era,” Libraries & Culture, no...American Librarianship as a "Modern" Model during the Good Neighbor Policy Era,” Libraries & Culture 4, no. 37 (2002). 80 Meade, Clarence

  2. The Importance of Military Cultural Competence. (United States)

    Meyer, Eric G; Writer, Brian W; Brim, William


    Military cultural competence has recently gained national attention. Experts have posited that limited outcomes in the treatment of posttraumatic stress disorder and depression in the military may be related to limited familiarity with the military. National surveys have indicated low military cultural competence among providers and limited educational efforts on military culture or pertinent military pathology in medical schools and residency training programs. Military families, with their own unique military cultural identity, have been identified as a population with increased risks associated with deployment. In response to these findings, several curricula regarding military culture have been established and widely distributed. Assessments of military cultural competence have also been developed. The clinical impact of enhanced cultural competence in general has thus far been limited. The military, however, with its highly prescribed cultural identity, may be a model culture for further study.

  3. Is It in U.S. National Interests to Maintain Forward Deployed Military Forces in Asia (United States)


    accessed 21 February 2001. 101 Jason D. Ellis and Todd M. Koca, China Rising: New Challenge to the U.S. Security Posture, available from, Issues.” Journal of International Affairs 49 (Winter 1996): 391-408. Ellis, Jason D., and Todd M. Koca. China Rising: New Challenge to the...Internet; accessed 29 November 2000. Report to Congress 1992. A Strategic Framework for the Asian Pacific Rim. Rose, Lisle A. Roots of Strategy: The

  4. 32 CFR 1602.17 - Military service. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 6 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military service. 1602.17 Section 1602.17 National Defense Other Regulations Relating to National Defense SELECTIVE SERVICE SYSTEM DEFINITIONS § 1602.17 Military service. The term military service includes service in the Army, the Navy, the Air...

  5. The Slippery Slope of Air Force Downsizing: A Strategy Connection (United States)


    Meinhart , Richard M. "Chapter 7 - National Military Strategies: 1990-2009." U.S. Army War College, n.d. National Security Strategy Archives. n.d...service can be seen in comparison. 3 Force structure follows military expenditures as associated with GDP. 11 Army and Marine Corps Force... Army or Marines, as resources become tighter, the Air Force will not have wartime increases from which to reduce. (see Figure 4-212). In FY2001 the

  6. The Nation and the Soldier in German Civil-Military Relations, 1800-1945 (United States)


    crisis of the 1890s.”169 Such men as Friedrich Nietzsche rejected 19th century ‘materialism and rationalism,’ equating “modern democracy and...will, as contrasted with the Enlightment abstract vision of the pure intellectual or disinterested Scientist. Friedrich Nietzsche’s conceptions of...rising tide of nationalism coupled with Social Darwinism. General Friedrich von Bernhardi would publish ‘Germany and the next War’ in 1912 which

  7. Party Nationalization and Electoral Strategies in Coalition Presidentialism

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Andre Borges


    ... a gubernatorial coattail effect. While some parties are successful in mobilizing the national electorate through "presidentialization" other groups may be capable of obtaining votes nationally for reasons that are unrelated to the...

  8. The NAS-NRC Twin Registry of WWII military veteran twins. National Academy of Sciences-National Research Council. (United States)

    Page, William F


    The NAS-NRC Twin Registry is one of the oldest, national population based-twin registries in the United States. It consists of 15,924 white male twin pairs born in the years 1917-1927 (inclusive) both of whom served in the armed forces. The registry, which has been in operation more than 30 years, has collected data from a variety of sources. Records-based, computerized data have come largely from the Department of Veterans Affairs, and there have been three major epidemiologic questionnaires, undertaken roughly every 15 years. Classic twin studies on a variety of medical conditions were the early focus of the registry, which now has a strong focus on chronic disease epidemiology. Work on a DNA specimen bank has been proceeding slowly, but is now a top priority, due to the increasing force of mortality in this twin cohort.

  9. Nuclear Strategy and National Style. Volume 2. Appendices. National Strategic Style: Country Studies (United States)


    Japanese barons . All beat her--because of her backwardness; because of her military backwardness, cultural backwardness, political backwardness ... Such is...include Belgium and the Rhineland) are "proportionate to her strength and abilities" ( Montesquieu ) and constitute France’s rightful 4domain. -- France

  10. Reviving the Dead Butler? Towards a Review of Aspects of National Literacy Strategy Grammar Advice (United States)

    Wales, Lynn


    In his 2004 article "How was a dead butler killed: The way English national strategies maim grammatical parts" published in "Language and Education" 18, no. 1, Wasyl Cajkler calls for a review of grammar advice to teachers in the UK National Literacy Strategy (NLS) materials. His evidence demonstrates clearly that NLS grammar advice is "a…

  11. Cancer risk and all-cause mortality among Norwegian military United Nations peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011. (United States)

    Strand, Leif Aage; Martinsen, Jan Ivar; Borud, Einar Kristian


    Media reports of leukaemia and other cancers among European United Nations (UN) peacekeepers who served in the Balkans, and a scientific finding of excess Hodgkin lymphoma among Italian UN peacekeepers who served in Bosnia, suggested a link between cancer incidence and depleted uranium (DU) exposure. This spurred several studies on cancer risk among UN peacekeepers who served in the Balkans. Although these studies turned out to be negative, the debate about possible cancers and other health risks caused by DU exposure continues. The aim of the present study was to investigate cancer incidence and all-cause mortality in a cohort of 6076 (4.4% women) Norwegian military UN peacekeepers deployed to Kosovo between 1999 and 2011. The cohort was followed for cancer incidence and mortality from 1999 to 2011. Standardised incidence ratios for cancer (SIR) and mortality ratios (SMR) were calculated from national rates. Sixty-nine cancer cases and 38 deaths were observed during follow-up. Cancer incidence in the cohort was similar to that in the general Norwegian population. No cancers in the overall cohort significantly exceeded incidence rates in the general Norwegian population, but there was an elevated SIR for melanoma of skin in men of 1.90 (95% confidence interval [CI] 0.95-3.40). A fivefold increased incidence of bladder cancer was observed among men who served in Kosovo for ≥ 1 year, based on 2 excess cases (SIR=5.27; 95% CI 1.09-15.4). All-cause mortality was half the expected rate (SMR=0.49; 95% CI 0.35-0.67). Our study did not support the suggestion that UN peacekeeping service in Kosovo is associated with increased cancer risk. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  12. Training Tomorrow’s Strategic Leaders: Preservation and Military Education at Antietam National Battlefield (United States)


    general – sixty-five year old Edwin Sumner . Sumner’s three divisions became separated by time and complicated terrain as they attacked one at a time... Sumner led Sedgwick’s Division of 5,000 men into the West Woods and deep into Confederate lines before Lee once again shifted his troops, catching Sumner ...In 1864, State Senator Lewis P. Firey introduced a plan in the Maryland Senate to establish a state, or national, cemetery for the men who died in

  13. Military Unity and National Policy: Some Past Effects and Future Implications (United States)


    I.brary of Congress. General Carl Spaatz 8. David Alan Rosenberg. "American Postwar collection. Box 20: Adm Ernest J. King to the com- Doctrine and...Stratollfler) entered the largest share spent on moderning the inventory.’ and maintaining a strong strategic poe - In keeping with national policy. the...Colhn I. for Land, Sea and Air," The Officer Ř. no. I I Powell, Chairman JCS, subject: Report on Rolmn (November 1988): 14-16; L. Edgar Arlna. ’The and

  14. [National health strategies in the world and its enlightenment to build healthy China]. (United States)

    Shi, X M


    The national health strategy is a reflection of a country on overall value and development vision of national health, and conducting this strategy will enhance and promote national development and people's welfare. In the current situation of building Healthy China during the 13th Five-Year Plan, it is important to learn experiences in this area from developed countries. This article mainly presents detailed introduction of the formulation, the implementation and the characteristics of National Health Strategies from the United States, United Kingdom and Japan, and also presents suggestions for the construction of Healthy China.

  15. Shaping the National Guard in a Post-War Environment (United States)


    to Monterey for another in- residence session. Thanks to Holly Shenefelt, who spent hours poring over my paper, and only asked for Starbucks in return...predictability for deployments, with an emphasis on AC/RC integration.81 In short, the reserve component has become a critical part of national strategy and...Joint Publication 1-02 as “The ability of U.S. military forces to fight and meet the demands of the National Military Strategy . Readiness is the

  16. Lessons Learned in Afghanistan: A Multi-national Military Mental Health Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Randall C. Nedegaard


    Full Text Available America has been at war for almost 10 years. Because of this, continuing missions in the Middle East require the support and cooperation of our allied North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO forces from around the world. In this paper we provide an overview of the mission at Kandahar Air Field (KAF and the Multi-National Role 3 hospital located at KAF. Next, we explain the mental health capabilities and unique perspectives among our teammates from Canada, Great Britain, and the United States to include a discussion of the relevant cross-cultural differences between us. Within this framework we also provide an overview of the mental health clientele seen at KAF during the period of April 2009 through September 2009. Finally, we discuss the successes, limitations, and lessons learned during our deployment to Kandahar, Afghanistan.

  17. Unfriendly skies: the threat of military overflights to national wildlife refuges. A report by Defenders of Wildlife (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report discusses concerns which pertain to military overflights on at least 35 U.S. Fish and Wildlife Services’ refuges. According to studies by the General...

  18. Military and Strategy (Denmark)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmesen, Michael Hesselholt


    Den danske regering lod to hensyn vejlede sin tøvende anvendelse af de væbnede styrker. For det første skulle anvendelsen være acceptabel for Tyskland. For det andet skulle en reaktion på neutralitetskrænkelser aldrig kunne lede til en ødelæggende forsvarskrig. De to hensyn var ikke nødvendigvis ...

  19. Military and Strategy (Denmark)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Clemmesen, Michael Hesselholt


    Den danske regering lod to hensyn vejlede sin tøvende anvendelse af de væbnede styrker. For det første skulle anvendelsen være acceptabel for Tyskland. For det andet skulle en reaktion på neutralitetskrænkelser aldrig kunne lede til en ødelæggende forsvarskrig. De to hensyn var ikke nødvendigvis ...

  20. Transpacific Partnership (TPP Agreement. Is the commercial solution for political-military tension at the region? or Is an american strategy to diminish China influence in Asia?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ramírez Zamudio


    Full Text Available China and the United States have had a difficult relation over the past 10 years. First of all, the rise of China as a military and economic superpower on the world´s stage is seen under suspicion and discontent by the American political, military and even economic authorities. The United States government does not fully believe China´s intention of pacific rise and has perceived the Chinese government more as a strategic rival than a partner. On the economic field the Americans manufacturing companies complain of China´s distorted economic policies that keep its currency undervalued and subsidise its own companies at the expense of foreign enterprises. On the political side, the American Congress has repeatedly accused the Chinese government of systematically violating its people´s fundamental Human Rights and has pointed out the Chinese governments´ attempts to stop democratic manifestations in the country. As for the military, the U.S. Pentagon publishes each year an updated document on the Chinese military capabilities, rising concerns about China´s fast-growing military modernisation.All these accusations have been replied by the Chinese counterparts of Commerce, Military and Political agencies, whose general answer is to point out the American’s lack of knowledge about China’s development. Whenever the Pentagon makes a statement about China’s military capabilities; the Chinese Military Speaker replies that his country has no intention to compete militarily with the United States army. Whenever the U.S. Secretary of State argues that China does not respect Human Rights; the Chinese government question the American interference in other countries’ internal affairs. Whenever the American industrialists complain about China’s economic subsidies; the Chinese government remind them about the United States’ tendency of subsidising its own economic sectors, such as the agriculture. China and the United States disagree upon

  1. The National Military Strategy of the United States of America 2015: The United States Military’s Contribution to National Security (United States)


    our security relationship with India and build upon our partnerships with New Zealand, Singapore, Indonesia, Malaysia , Vietnam, and Bangladesh. Such...Mass Destruction. Nuclear, chemical , and biological agents pose uniquely destructive threats. They can empower a small group of actors with terrible...most innovative companies in the world, to learn their best practices. Further, we are aligning our programmatic efforts to take advantage of

  2. Study on National Sustainable Development Strategy Management Based on Stakeholders Management Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chen Huarong; Wang Xiaoming


    Based on the stakeholders management theory, this pa- per provides a new strategic management method for the National Sustainable Development Strategy. By taking China's National Sustainable Development Strategy Management as an example, this paper identifies all the stakeholders involved and then as- sesses stakeholders from two dimensions, namely "Importance" and "Attitude", by which all of the stakeholders are divided into six categories. On this basis, further analysis is made to work out strategic management programme by scheduling the strate- gic emphases, steps and management countermeasures for dif- ferent types of stakeholders so as to provide theortical evidence for the practice of National Sustainable Developnent Strategy management.

  3. Europeanization of National Public Spheres? Cross-National Media Debates about the EU's Socio-Economic Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Porte, Caroline de la; van Dalen, Arjen


    time and that it is mainly driven by the EU agenda. There are cross-national similarities in thematic focus and EU-level actors are omnipresent in reporting on the strategy. Finally, we find that coverage of the strategy has a transnational dimension in all four cases, with reference to peer countries......This paper studies the Europeanization of media coverage of the European Union's (EU) socio-economic strategy, which is a crucial building block for developing a European Public Sphere. As the EU level increasingly influences public policy in member states, there should correspondingly be a more...... intense and visible media debate with attention for EU-level and cross-national policies and developments. On the basis of a content analysis (2000–2010) in Denmark, France, Poland and the UK, we find that media attention for the EU's growth and jobs strategy is limited, that it does not increase over...

  4. Net Zero Fort Carson: Integrating Energy, Water, and Waste Strategies to Lower the Environmental Impact of a Military Base (United States)

    Military bases resemble small cities and face similar sustainability challenges. As pilot studies in the U.S. Army Net Zero program, 17 locations are moving to 100% renewable energy, zero depletion of water resources, and/or zero waste to landfill by 2020. Some bases target net z...

  5. Net Zero Fort Carson: Integrating Energy, Water, and Waste Strategies to Lower the Environmental Impact of a Military Base (United States)

    Military bases resemble small cities and face similar sustainability challenges. As pilot studies in the U.S. Army Net Zero program, 17 locations are moving to 100% renewable energy, zero depletion of water resources, and/or zero waste to landfill by 2020. Some bases target net z...

  6. Strategic Theory for the 21st Century: The Little Book on Big Strategy (United States)


    National Security Strategy. In turn, the National Military Strategy leads to theater strategies. The U.S. Army War College (in consonance with Joint...of the legacies of the past and the possibilities of the future. In one sense, the strategist must sort through an arena of cognitive dissonance to

  7. Violence Prevention in Austrian Schools: Implementation and Evaluation of a National Strategy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christiane Spiel


    Full Text Available A qualitative study of Austria’s national strategy against violence in the public school system introduced in 2008. The national strategy developed by researchers consists of six activity domains with specific goals and projects defined for each. The evaluation (1 analyzes how the realized projects contributed to the six activity domains, (2 evaluates the national strategy at a general level, and (3 provides future recommendations. Eight members of the steering committee were interviewed at two points in the implementation process. The systematic interviews were coded according to the goals of the activity domains. According to the interviewees most of the projects have been satisfactorily implemented. Networking and cooperation with the different actors in the field of violence prevention and cooperation among steering committee members have been improved. However, the national strategy has not achieved the intended public recognition. The lessons learned from the evaluation and its results are discussed.

  8. Basic Communications Strategy : Bison Round Up 2013 [Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Using Decision Tree Analysis, this Basic Communications Strategy for Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge's (NWR) 2013 Bison Round Up outlines actions...

  9. Basic Communications Strategy : Bison Round Up 2014 [Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Using Decision Tree Analysis, this Basic Communications Strategy for Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge's (NWR) 2013 Bison Round Up outlines actions...

  10. China Technical Standardization Development Strategy and National Technical Standardization System Construction Senior Forum Held

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ On the occasion of International Standard Day, China Technical Standardization Development Strategy and National Technical Standardization System Construction Senior Forum was held in Beijing from September 26th to September 28th.

  11. Military-geographic evaluation of the Julian Alps area

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zvonimir Bratun


    Full Text Available The Julian Alps have been of military significance since Roman times in a military geographic sense because of its valleys, mountain passes and lines of defence on mountain ridges. They became especially important in the 19th and 20th century. The largest mountain front in World War I was located there,and evidence of that front is still visible today. The border between Italy and Yugoslavia in the heart of the Julian Alps was clearly a line of demarcation along the Soča and Sava watersheds and was reinforced with fortification, obstacles and trenches. During the Cold War, there was an ideological line of demarcation along the western edge of the Julian Alps as well. Military strategy in that area included the use of military geographic approaches in both westerly and easterly directions. After the geopolitical changes of 1991, the Julian Alps no longer had same military geographic significance in terms of Slovenian national security. Today other military activities are more important: training under mountains conditions for NATO soldiers, non-commissioned and commissioned officers takes place in the Pokljuka region and on the Triglav mountain chain. Military facilities have been taken on significance in the terms of tourism as well.

  12. Torture: A Feasible means for National Security Strategy (United States)


    of sovereign states, volunteer corps, organized resistance movements whose members carry arms openly and follow laws and customs of war, and...Accessed 18 September 2006. Available from dhl /resguide/spechr.htm#torture. Internet. United States President. 2006. The National

  13. Analysis of Ethiopia's national ICT policy and strategy: insights into ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Information and communication technologies are enablers for social and ... 2003 Declaration of principles and updated Action Lines set after WSIS+10, except few variations. The trend shows that the national ICT policy need to focus broadly on core ... applications, universal access, cyber security, social media, and users.

  14. The Danish National Reform Programme 2005 and the gender aspect of the Danish Employment Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Emerek, Ruth

    This assessment of the gender aspect of the Danish Employment Strategy in the National Reform Programme 2005 form along with assessments from the other European-member states the basis for the synthesis report The National Reform programme 2005 and the gender aspect of the European Employment...... Strategy prepared for the Equality Unit in the European Commission by Jill Rubery et al. It is part of the work of the EU expert group on Gender, Social Inclusion and Employment (EGGSIE)....

  15. Information management and technology strategy in healthcare: local timescales and national requirements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Les Smith


    Full Text Available The UK National Health Service’s strategic switch-back is well documented and each centrally originated change results in various attempts to record the repercussions and predict the outcomes. The most recent shift is embodied in the Department of Health’s information strategy, Information for health published in September 1998. This document provides the context for an examination of the issue of developing an Information Management and Technology (IM&T strategy at the local level within the changing national requirements for NHS information management. The particular pressures on an individual unit and the need to react to them alongside the requirements of the national strategy are the subjects of this article. The case detailed is that of Clatterbridge Centre for Oncology (CCO on Merseyside, the second largest centre of its type in the UK. Its initial investigation of information needs preceded the publication of the national strategy and its implementation straddled the timescale devised by the NHS Information Authority. The inevitable incompatibility between timescales for the local and the national developments is examined within the case. The work of the new NHS Information Authority and its supporting guidance in its Circular, Information for Health: Initial Local Implementation Strategies, is evaluated as a tool in aligning local and national strategy. Information Managers in other centrally governed organisations within the public sector and large corporations are often alert to similar issues.

  16. Solar cells. Proposal for a national strategy for research, development and demonstration; Solceller. Oplaeg til en national strategi for forskning, udvikling og demonstration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The Danish Energy Authority, Elkraft System and Eltra have initiated collaboration on the development of national R and D strategies for a number of energy technologies including solar cells. The aim is to ensure a coordinated national effort as regards research, development and demonstration within societal and energy political frames, and, furthermore, to ensure coordination with similar international initiatives, especially within the European Union. The overall aim is for the Danish solar cell strategy to contribute to support Danish national energy policy and to ensure and improve Danish competence, which can manifest itself internationally. The efforts within solar cell technology must aim at increasing solar cell systems' efficiency and service life, and furthermore, aim at reducing production costs. Hereby the efforts can contribute to an improvement of solar cell systems' competitive power in relation to other power production technologies with a view to make installation of solar cell systems attractive, both in Denmark and internationally. (BA)

  17. The Path to a Culturally Relevant National Security Strategy (United States)


    Theory This section discusses the key theory linking self and society. Henri Tajfel , the father of social identity theory, developed this theory as...32 John C. Turner, “An Introduction,” in Social Groups and Identities – Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel , Social Groups and Identities – Developing the Legacy of Henri Tajfel , 17. 13 strategies for achieving or maintaining intergroup comparisons that

  18. America Promises to Come Back: Our New National Security Strategy (United States)


    the fact that the strategy still lacks a formal name, is that the interno debate and discussion within the Administration has not ended.00 Rather than...Government could regulate the decline but appears prepared to allow the market to determine survivors. This position appears to have also been echoed by...have the customer providing capital for spe- cialized facilities and equipment. This is not normal procedure in the commercial market . In the defense

  19. A Career Practitioner's Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper (United States)

    Athanasou, James A.


    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper is a discussion paper issued by the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. It is aimed at the formulation of a coherent and structured career development strategy throughout Australia. The Green Paper seeks to lay the foundation for policy change through establishing the…

  20. A Career Practitioner's Response to the National Career Development Strategy Green Paper (United States)

    Athanasou, James A.


    The National Career Development Strategy Green Paper is a discussion paper issued by the Department of Employment, Education and Workplace Relations. It is aimed at the formulation of a coherent and structured career development strategy throughout Australia. The Green Paper seeks to lay the foundation for policy change through establishing the…

  1. Outward Foreign Direct Investment from Emerging Economies and National Development Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammeltoft, Peter; Kokko, Ari


    Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an integral part of national development strategy throughout the developing world. However, while traditionally strategies have focused on the role of inward flows only, today, outward FDI is used on a larger scale and more deliberately to access markets...

  2. The National Drug Control Strategy: The First-Line Approach to Decreasing Violence in Our Communities. (United States)

    Garcia, Fred


    Describes the National Drug Control Strategy's nine-pronged approach in addressing drug abuse, which includes the formation of partnerships between federal, state, and local governments and the private and public sectors. The strategy includes prevention initiatives, individualized treatment programs for high-risk groups, education aimed at…

  3. Breaking the Cycle of Drug Abuse. 1993 Interim National Drug Control Strategy. (United States)

    Office of National Drug Control Policy, Washington, DC.

    This Interim Drug Strategy is intended to give a new sense of direction and to reinvigorate the nation's efforts against drug trafficking and abuse. The preface to the report lists eight new strategies that the Administration will implement: (1) make drug policy a cornerstone of domestic and social policy; (2) target pregnant women, children, and…

  4. America Promises to Come Back: A New National Strategy (United States)


    Margaret Thatcher. Although Mr. Bush spoke about the United States and United Kingdom "standing shoulder to shoulder," and "when it comes to national...General Powell’s concept of four- force package with four supporting capabilities.45 Similarly, Deputy Secretary of Defense Donald Atwood expanded...This basic testimo- ny was repeated in the House. (46) "Defense Deputy Secretary Donald Atwood Address to the 149 American Institute of Aeronautics and

  5. Strategies for dealing with the national coding shortage. (United States)

    Schwieters, Jill


    Steps providers should consider to deal with a national coding shortage and implementation of ICD-10 include the following: Concentrate on employee retention (consider retention bonuses; upgrade pay scales; and offer flex-time and flexible work schedules). Begin a training program for ICD-10. Target other healthcare professionals and current employees to transition into coding positions. Collaborate with colleges, high schools, and middle schools to draw prospective students to this career path and your organization.

  6. After Iraq: The Search for a Sustainable National Security Strategy (United States)


    ideational as well as material-structural. For example, the United States will strive not merely to keep the People’s Republic of China (PRC...political consequences, albeit not ones that fully satisfied the Vietnamese.37 Ho Chi Minh was bullied by China and Russia into tolerating the...take action that would amount to national suicide , the United States signed on at the highest level for Thomas C. Schelling’s concept of “the threat

  7. A National Level Engagement Strategy: A Framework for Action (United States)


    hour oor rosponso, inclvdlno tho tlmo for review ing lnauuctiona. searching exiatlng dato eourcu. gothoru\\g end malntltinlng tho doto noodod, end...engagement states based on their potential to directly affect and enhance the United States’ national interests. Starting in the Clinton era, a revo lutionary po licy shift. overturning thl.: base platform or intcrnutinnal order anu potentially imtugurating··to n new era or unilateral

  8. Why Are the Mathematics National Examination Items Difficult and What Is Teachers' Strategy to Overcome It? (United States)

    Retnawati, Heri; Kartowagiran, Badrun; Arlinwibowo, Janu; Sulistyaningsih, Eny


    The quality of national examination items plays an enormous role in identifying students' competencies mastery and their difficulties. This study aims to identify the difficult items in the Junior High School Mathematics National Examination, to find the factors that cause students' difficulty and to reveal the strategies that the teachers and the…

  9. The Oil Algorithm: The Impact of World Oil on Future U.S. National Strategy (United States)


    for South America’s position as a reliable world energy source for the next few decades. 8 North America North America is currently the world’s second...military sources. Military Threats Military threats to world energy sources are simply "threats posed by sudden and traumatic events such as war...real problems. (40:24;41:ix) Non-Military Threats Threats to world energy sources are also posed by induced or evolving situations. These non-military

  10. Modernization of the Military

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    China’s armed forces emphasize development and transformation,says national defense white paper China issued a white paper on national defense on March 31.The document,the seventh of its kind the Chinese Government has issued since 1998,says China will never seek hegemony or adopt the approach of military expansion

  11. The Hungarian Counter Improvised Explosive Device (C-IED) Strategy: Considering the Use of Military Working Dogs (United States)


    dogs, and some of them will have residual weaknesses or health injuries connected with heat stroke (Strock 2011, 15). 39 Both hounds and Labradors...Military working dogs, like soldiers, can suffer from job task overload and job related stress . In operations, dogs have become overwhelmed with needs. For every fifty pounds of the animal’s weight, the dog needs a half pound of meat per day. The meat could be horse, beef or chicken , but

  12. 军事办公建筑被动式节能设计策略%Passive Energy-saving Design Strategies of Military Office Building

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张松; 郭新; 尉中华; 葛为


      军事办公建筑的节能设计与使用,对推动节能减排、促进军营建设具有重要意义。通过对被动式节能设计策略的研究,从建筑设计的视角,以军事办公建筑设计为突破口,分析能耗现状,明确设计目标和思路,从空间设计布局、围护结构热工性能、遮阳系统设置、自然通风与自然采光等方面,探讨被动式节能设计策略在军事办公建筑设计中的应用。结合特定环境,寻求贯穿节能设计始终的适宜技术,充分发挥被动式节能技术集成的优势。通过多项节能技术的协同作用,可以强化和扩大节能措施带来的节能效应,在降低能耗的同时创造出健康、舒适、高效的办公环境。%Energy⁃saving design and application of military office building is greatly significant to enhance energy⁃saving and emission⁃reducing and promote barback construction. Through the study of passive energy⁃saving design strategy,and in the perspective of architectural design for military office building,this paper analyzes the present situation of energy consumption and determines design goal and idea,and then discusses the application of passive energy⁃saving design strategy in military office buildings from the space design layout,the maintain structure thermal performance,sunshade system setting,natural ventilation and lighting,etc. In combination with the specific environment,this paper seeks“appropriate technology”throughout the course of the energy⁃saving design of military office building to exert advantages of passive energy⁃saving technologies’integration. Coordinating and working several energy⁃saving technologies together can strengthen and expand energy⁃saving effect,create healthy,comfortable and efficient office environment and reduce energy consumption as well.

  13. In Search of an Identity: The Caribbean Military and National Security in the Twenty-First Century (United States)


    significance, and peculiarities of the West Indian army. Unlike the Indian army, the West Indian garrison fails to conjure any old romantic notions...were allowed to enter the theatre of operation, only after the US military had secured the area, were given a similar task, to guard prisoners. Also

  14. Military Exposures (United States)

    ... Enter ZIP code here Enter ZIP code here Military Exposures Veterans may have been exposed to a range of chemical, physical, and environmental hazards during military service. Reports on Veterans’ Health Care Use What ...

  15. The 2015 National Security Strategy: Authorities, Changes, Issues for Congress (United States)


    2010. The 2015 document states that its purpose is to “set out the principles and priorities to guide the use of American power and influence in the...between nations. It also takes a tougher line with both China and with Russia, while emphasizing the desirability for cooperation with both. The 2015...President submits to Congress the budget for the next fiscal year under section 1105 of Title 31. (3) Not later than 150 days after the date on which a new

  16. A National Strategy in Achieving English Communicative Ability: Globalisation Perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuril Huda


    Full Text Available The vital role of English as an instrument to speed up national development justifies substantial efforts to improve the instruction. Learners of English in Indonesia suffer from difficulties since the language environment does not support them. Compensating tha lack of environment does not support them. Compensating the lack of environmental support with good quality of English instrustion in the primary and secondary schools would need a huge budget that the Government could not afford. Therefore, the target of the efforts should be limited to a smaller but more prospective population: university students

  17. National outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica infections in military and civilian populations associated with consumption of mixed salad, Norway, 2014. (United States)

    MacDonald, Emily; Einöder-Moreno, Margot; Borgen, Katrine; Thorstensen Brandal, Lin; Diab, Lore; Fossli, Øivind; Guzman Herrador, Bernardo; Hassan, Ammar Ali; Johannessen, Gro S; Johansen, Eva Jeanette; Jørgensen Kimo, Roger; Lier, Tore; Paulsen, Bjørn Leif; Popescu, Rodica; Tokle Schytte, Charlotte; Sæbø Pettersen, Kristin; Vold, Line; Ørmen, Øyvind; Wester, Astrid Louise; Wiklund, Marit; Nygård, Karin


    In May 2014, a cluster of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) O9 infections was reported from a military base in northern Norway. Concurrently, an increase in YE infections in civilians was observed in the Norwegian Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases. We investigated to ascertain the extent of the outbreak and identify the source in order to implement control measures. A case was defined as a person with laboratory-confirmed YE O9 infection with the outbreak multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA)-profile (5-6-9-8-9-9). We conducted a case-control study in the military setting and calculated odds ratios (OR) using logistic regression. Traceback investigations were conducted to identify common suppliers and products in commercial kitchens frequented by cases. By 28 May, we identified 133 cases, of which 117 were linked to four military bases and 16 were civilians from geographically dispersed counties. Among foods consumed by cases, multivariable analysis pointed to mixed salad as a potential source of illness (OR 10.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-123.57). The four military bases and cafeterias visited by 14/16 civilian cases received iceberg lettuce or radicchio rosso from the same supplier. Secondary transmission cannot be eliminated as a source of infection in the military camps. The most likely source of the outbreak was salad mix containing imported radicchio rosso, due to its long shelf life. This outbreak is a reminder that fresh produce should not be discounted as a vehicle in prolonged outbreaks and that improvements are still required in the production and processing of fresh salad products.

  18. The prevalence of smoking and its associated factors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia: A national study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hesham I Al-Khashan


    Full Text Available Aim: The aim was to measure the prevalence of smoking and identify its potential predictors among military personnel in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA. Materials and Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out among military personnel in the five military regions of KSA between January 2009 and January 2011. The sample of 10,500 military personnel in the Saudi Armed Forces was equally divided among the five regions with a ratio 3:7 for officers and soldiers. A multistage stratified random sampling was used to recruit participants in the four services of the armed forces in the five regions. Information on sociodemographic characteristics with a detailed history of smoking was collected by means of a self-administered questionnaire. Bivariate analysis was used to identify the factors associated with smoking, and multiple logistic regression analysis to discover its potential predictors. Results: About 35% of the sample was current smokers, with higher rates among soldiers. The eastern region had the highest rate (43.0%, and the southern region the lowest (27.5%. Navy personnel had a higher risk of being current smokers (40.6%, and the air defense the lowest risk (31.0%. Multivariate analysis identified working in the navy, and low income as positive predictors of current smoking, while residing in the southern region, older age, years of education, being married, and having an officer rank were negative (protective factors. Conclusion: Smoking is prevalent among military personnel in KSA, with higher rates in the Navy and Air Force, among privates, younger age group, lower education and income, and divorced/widowed status. Measures should be taken to initiate programs on smoking cessation that involve changes in the environment that is likely to promote this habit.

  19. Strategies to Address Recruiting and Retention Issues in the Military (Strategies pour aborder les questions de recrutement et de fidelisation dans les armees) (United States)


    the labour market (demographics, economics,…). - The correlation between prevailing values in society and in the Military organizational culture...their careers, attracted by more appealing opportunities. This happens frequently in specific trades (pilots, ICT personnel,…) that are hard and...Europe, to which RTO attaches particular importance especially as working together in the field of research is one of the more promising areas of

  20. The Engagement of Military Voice (United States)


    valuable, rare, inimitable, and or- ganizationally integrated ( VRIO ) capabilities of the firm are necessary for competitive advantage.4 Transferring...challenging for any large organization.5 This ex- pertise is developed through education and deliberate practice in the appli- cation of military force to...the military to the nation can be captured in the term SMART power.7 Some scholars are concerned that these VRIO competencies give the military undue

  1. Social Audience in Spain: Succesful strategies in national TV

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Saavedra Llamas


    Full Text Available This research presents the concept of social audience, as a new narrative space born in the convergence of the TV audience and the user’s conversations in Twitter, and examine strategies of TV programs in Spain with higher social audience. Understand what exactly the social audience is, how does it works or what kind of metrics are made for it, becomes more necessary than ever to deepen into the uses and opportunities facing both the television media and advertisers who choose to invest in a TV space.Through the study of successful cases already implemented is to establish formulas for success that achieve a more active participation of users, transfer from social to traditional audience and the profitable inclusion of brands in this full of possibilities new communication scenario.

  2. Evolving National Strategy Driving Nursing Informatics in New Zealand. (United States)

    Honey, Michelle; Westbrooke, Lucy


    An update to the New Zealand Health Strategy identifying direction and priorities for health services is underway. Three specific areas have implications for nursing informatics and link to education and practice: best use of technology and information, fostering and spreading innovation and quality improvements, and building leaders and capability for the future. An emphasis on prevention and wellness means nursing needs to focus on health promotion and the role of consumers is changing with access to their on-line information a major focus. As the modes of delivery for services such as telehealth and telenursing changes, nurses are increasingly working independently and utilizing information and communication technologies to collaborate with the health team. New Zealand, and other countries, need strong nursing leadership to sustain the nursing voice in policy and planning and ensure nurses develop the required informatics skills.

  3. The DEVELOP National Program's Strategy for Communicating Applied Science Outcomes (United States)

    Childs-Gleason, L. M.; Ross, K. W.; Crepps, G.; Favors, J.; Kelley, C.; Miller, T. N.; Allsbrook, K. N.; Rogers, L.; Ruiz, M. L.


    NASA's DEVELOP National Program conducts rapid feasibility projects that enable the future workforce and current decision makers to collaborate and build capacity to use Earth science data to enhance environmental management and policy. The program communicates its results and applications to a broad spectrum of audiences through a variety of methods: "virtual poster sessions" that engage the general public through short project videos and interactive dialogue periods, a "Campus Ambassador Corps" that communicates about the program and its projects to academia, scientific and policy conference presentations, community engagement activities and end-of-project presentations, project "hand-offs" providing results and tools to project partners, traditional publications (both gray literature and peer-reviewed), an interactive website project gallery, targeted brochures, and through multiple social media venues and campaigns. This presentation will describe the various methods employed by DEVELOP to communicate the program's scientific outputs, target audiences, general statistics, community response and best practices.

  4. Securitization of Language and Strategies of National Security%语言问题安全化与国家安全对策研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    In this article, three issues concerning the securitization of language are discussed ( 1 ) It firstly introduces background of securitization of language : U.S. government started a proce- dure of securitization of language by the" speech-act", i. e. , by launching American "National Se- curity Language Initiative". Its language, therefore, is securitized. Securitization of the closely related to its strategic goals of language, language is and so, the "critical language" strategy is inevitable outcome of securitization of language. (2) It argues that the securitization of language poses poten- tial threats to our national security. The threats come from two aspects: one is from American "criti- cal language" strategy which forms threats to our military, economic and ideology affairs; another is that the lack of national foreign language capability makes our nation face security challenges. (3) The security strategies of our nation under the background of securitization of language is also dis- cussed. It is suggested in this paper that, firstly, the government should strengthen planning of for- eign languages in order to make our own critical safeguard language national interests and security; secondly, the government should strategy according to national strategy coping with international affairs and emergent events by promoting national foreign language capability; thirdly, the government should make national language strategy as soon as possible, in order to cope with American military and political penetration by implementing its "critical language" strategy.%本文围绕语言问题安全化主要探讨三个问题:(1)语言问题安全化的背景。美国政府通过宣布美国“国家安全语言计划”这一“言语一行为”启动了语言安全化程序。语言问题被安全化与美国语言战略目标密切相关,其“关键语言”战略的实施是导致语言问题

  5. National Prehospital Evidence-Based Guidelines Strategy: A Summary for EMS Stakeholders. (United States)

    Martin-Gill, Christian; Gaither, Joshua B; Bigham, Blair L; Myers, J Brent; Kupas, Douglas F; Spaite, Daniel W


    Multiple national organizations have recommended and supported a national investment to increase the scientific evidence available to guide patient care delivered by Emergency Medical Services (EMS) and incorporate that evidence directly into EMS systems. Ongoing efforts seek to develop, implement, and evaluate prehospital evidence-based guidelines (EBGs) using the National Model Process created by a multidisciplinary panel of experts convened by the Federal Interagency Committee on EMS (FICEMS) and the National EMS Advisory Council (NEMSAC). Yet, these and other EBG efforts have occurred in relative isolation, with limited direct collaboration between national projects, and have experienced challenges in implementation of individual guidelines. There is a need to develop sustainable relationships among stakeholders that facilitate a common vision that facilitates EBG efforts. Herein, we summarize a National Strategy on EBGs developed by the National Association of EMS Physicians (NAEMSP) with involvement of 57 stakeholder organizations, and with the financial support of the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA) and the EMS for Children program. The Strategy proposes seven action items that support collaborative efforts in advancing prehospital EBGs. The first proposed action is creation of a Prehospital Guidelines Consortium (PGC) representing national medical and EMS organizations that have an interest in prehospital EBGs and their benefits to patient outcomes. Other action items include promoting research that supports creation and evaluates the impact of EBGs, promoting the development of new EBGs through improved stakeholder collaboration, and improving education on evidence-based medicine for all prehospital providers. The Strategy intends to facilitate implementation of EBGs by improving guideline dissemination and incorporation into protocols, and seeks to establish standardized evaluation methods for prehospital EBGs. Finally, the Strategy

  6. Implementation of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report documents implementation strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP), being performed under a U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) grant. There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. This report details some of the efforts that have been implemented to leverage public and private resources, as well as implementation strategies to further leverage public and private resources.

  7. 新媒体涉军舆情管理策略研究%Research on New Media Management Strategy of Public Opinion Related to Military

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李东; 杜柯柯; 张忠强


    新媒体时代涉军舆情呈现出虚拟性与现实性相互交织、互动性和失衡性同时存在、无序性和难控性不断凸显等显著特点。在分析新媒体涉军舆情管控矛盾的基础上,提出加强教育引导,筑牢思想“防火墙”;完善管控机制,打好防范“主动仗”;讲究方法策略,形成应对“组合拳”等对策建议。%In new media age, the character of public opinion related to military include virtuality and reality being intertwined closely, interactivity and unbalance being exist at the same time, and the situation of the disorder and uncontrolled being highlighting continually. Based on the analysis of conflicts of new media controls on public opinion related to military, authors propose to strengthen the education and guidance, and build a strong ideological firewall firstly. Secondly, the mechanisms of management and control are improved to prevent the initiative lay. Thirdly, the methods and strategies should be played attention to take the initiative battle.

  8. The LANDFIRE Refresh strategy: updating the national dataset (United States)

    Nelson, Kurtis J.; Connot, Joel A.; Peterson, Birgit E.; Martin, Charley


    The LANDFIRE Program provides comprehensive vegetation and fuel datasets for the entire United States. As with many large-scale ecological datasets, vegetation and landscape conditions must be updated periodically to account for disturbances, growth, and natural succession. The LANDFIRE Refresh effort was the first attempt to consistently update these products nationwide. It incorporated a combination of specific systematic improvements to the original LANDFIRE National data, remote sensing based disturbance detection methods, field collected disturbance information, vegetation growth and succession modeling, and vegetation transition processes. This resulted in the creation of two complete datasets for all 50 states: LANDFIRE Refresh 2001, which includes the systematic improvements, and LANDFIRE Refresh 2008, which includes the disturbance and succession updates to the vegetation and fuel data. The new datasets are comparable for studying landscape changes in vegetation type and structure over a decadal period, and provide the most recent characterization of fuel conditions across the country. The applicability of the new layers is discussed and the effects of using the new fuel datasets are demonstrated through a fire behavior modeling exercise using the 2011 Wallow Fire in eastern Arizona as an example.

  9. A national strategy to develop pragmatic clinical trials infrastructure. (United States)

    Concannon, Thomas W; Guise, Jeanne-Marie; Dolor, Rowena J; Meissner, Paul; Tunis, Sean; Krishnan, Jerry A; Pace, Wilson D; Saltz, Joel; Hersh, William R; Michener, Lloyd; Carey, Timothy S


    An important challenge in comparative effectiveness research is the lack of infrastructure to support pragmatic clinical trials, which compare interventions in usual practice settings and subjects. These trials present challenges that differ from those of classical efficacy trials, which are conducted under ideal circumstances, in patients selected for their suitability, and with highly controlled protocols. In 2012, we launched a 1-year learning network to identify high-priority pragmatic clinical trials and to deploy research infrastructure through the NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards Consortium that could be used to launch and sustain them. The network and infrastructure were initiated as a learning ground and shared resource for investigators and communities interested in developing pragmatic clinical trials. We followed a three-stage process of developing the network, prioritizing proposed trials, and implementing learning exercises that culminated in a 1-day network meeting at the end of the year. The year-long project resulted in five recommendations related to developing the network, enhancing community engagement, addressing regulatory challenges, advancing information technology, and developing research methods. The recommendations can be implemented within 24 months and are designed to lead toward a sustained national infrastructure for pragmatic trials.

  10. A National Strategy to Develop Pragmatic Clinical Trials Infrastructure (United States)

    Guise, Jeanne‐Marie; Dolor, Rowena J.; Meissner, Paul; Tunis, Sean; Krishnan, Jerry A.; Pace, Wilson D.; Saltz, Joel; Hersh, William R.; Michener, Lloyd; Carey, Timothy S.


    Abstract An important challenge in comparative effectiveness research is the lack of infrastructure to support pragmatic clinical trials, which compare interventions in usual practice settings and subjects. These trials present challenges that differ from those of classical efficacy trials, which are conducted under ideal circumstances, in patients selected for their suitability, and with highly controlled protocols. In 2012, we launched a 1‐year learning network to identify high‐priority pragmatic clinical trials and to deploy research infrastructure through the NIH Clinical and Translational Science Awards Consortium that could be used to launch and sustain them. The network and infrastructure were initiated as a learning ground and shared resource for investigators and communities interested in developing pragmatic clinical trials. We followed a three‐stage process of developing the network, prioritizing proposed trials, and implementing learning exercises that culminated in a 1‐day network meeting at the end of the year. The year‐long project resulted in five recommendations related to developing the network, enhancing community engagement, addressing regulatory challenges, advancing information technology, and developing research methods. The recommendations can be implemented within 24 months and are designed to lead toward a sustained national infrastructure for pragmatic trials. PMID:24472114

  11. Determination of Optimum Management Strategy for Küre Mountains National Park

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İsmet DAŞDEMİR, Ersin GÜNGÖR


    Full Text Available this study, it is aimed to determine optimum management strategy for Küre Mountains National Park (KMNP by turning out preferences of all interest groups (1-local villagers, 2- public institution representatives, 3- nongovernmental organization representatives 4- potential tourists and providing their participation to the management process effectively. To realize this aim, it has been studied to develop a management model taking into consideration social and economic values as well as ecological values. In the study, the present situation of the national park was turned out by SWOT analysis, and some alternative management strategies (scenarios for the national park were developed based on the findings in this stage. The four factors, which each has three sub-level such as managing type, entrance fee, sharing income and administrative structure, were taken into consideration while developing alternative management scenarios. The nine orthogonal alternative management strategies based on these factors and their sub-level were submitted to 462 interviewees selected by layer-random sampling method. The interviewees arranged these strategies according to their preferences. The preference results were evaluated by Conjoint analysis, and thus the optimum management strategy was determined for the national park such as a managing system with “the balance conservation use, taking 10 YTL entrance fee from visitors, sharing the 70% of income to the national park management and its 30% to local villagers, and administrating with the cooperation of state, nongovernmental organizations and local villagers”. Taking into consideration the optimum management strategy in the management plan of KMNP, which is though preparation, will help the plan to be applicable and dynamic structure, prevent conflicts among local villagers and the national park management, and thus, to contribute to sustainable management of the national park.

  12. Security of Association of Southeast Asian Nations (ASEAN) Member-States in 1995: Is a US Military Presence Necessary? (United States)


    written to give an overview of the countries for tourists and investors rather than for assessment of military capability, they are helpful in giving an...state. In Penang , Malacca, Sabah, and Saraway where there is no royalty, governors are appointed to 5-year terms to head the execu- tive. The sultans...8217 stronger links to the region, the Soviets have less to lose if both leave. This at first glance appears as a very attractive proposal, and would

  13. Military Training: Management Actions Needed to Enhance DOD’s Investment in the Joint National Training Capability (United States)


    agency officials and determined that they were sufficiently reliable for our purposes. Results from nonprobability samples cannot be used to make... techniques , and policies, using well- defined metrics to provide a feedback capability to the leadership. Additionally, DOD recently announced its defined as “Military training based on joint doctrine or joint tactics, techniques , and procedures to prepare joint forces and/or joint staff to

  14. Improvement of Coordination in the Multi-National Military Coordination Center of the Nepal Army in Respond to Disasters (United States)


    copyright permission has been obtained for the use of pictures, maps, graphics, and any other works incorporated into the manuscript. This author may be...Policy, and Finance FAA Functional Area Analysis FNA Functional Need Analysis FSA Functional Solution Analysis GoN Government of Nepal HuMOC...having the military function under the MoHA, it is effective to establish disaster management council under the chairmanship of the prime minister

  15. Psychological Safety During Military Integrations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wermser, Frederik; Täuber, Susanne; Essens, Peter; Molleman, Henricus; Beeres, Robert; Bakx, Gwendolyn; de Waard, Erik; Rietjens, Sebastiaan

    Increased military cooperation between member states of the European Union is a political given. The Netherlands and Germany form a spearhead in this process by integrating entire military units (i.e., brigades, battalions, companies) into higher-order units of the respective other nation (i.e.,

  16. 32 CFR 724.215 - Military representation. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 5 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military representation. 724.215 Section 724.215... BOARD Authority/Policy for Departmental Discharge Review § 724.215 Military representation. Military... consult legal counsel before undertaking such representation. Such representation may be prohibited by 18...

  17. 76 FR 50719 - Models for a Governance Structure for the National Strategy for Trusted Identities in Cyberspace... (United States)


    ... National Institute of Standards and Technology Models for a Governance Structure for the National Strategy... extending the deadline for submitting comments regarding the governance structure for the National Strategy... and structure of the Identity Ecosystem governance body. The due date for submission of comments...

  18. Explaining Factors of Job Pursuit Intention in Indonesian Military Institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Irfan Syaebani


    Full Text Available Reformation brought many changes in public sectors in Indonesia, one of them is Military institution. Reformation required Military to become professional in every organizational aspects, including human resources as a part of resource that need to be manage strategically.  Proficient and competent human resource will help organization reach its vision, missons, and strategic goals. One of the strategy to attract competent human resource is to design the recruitment and selection process in talent management corridor, where organization must identify factors which attracting a candidate to join into organization or simply called job pursuit intention. To find out what factors lead to job pursuit intention into military institution in Indonesia, data was collected using qualitative approach from middle-rank military officer. Their past experiences concerning motives/factors which lead them joined into military were explored. From analysis, it reveals that there are 5 factors which make them joined military; employer familiarity, subjective fit, hiring expectation, economic motive, and nationalism/patriotism motive.

  19. Building Nation-Wide Information Infrastructures in Healthcare through Modular Implementation Strategies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aanestad, Margunn; Jensen, Tina Blegind


    and Lyytinen, to contrast the organization and implementation strategies of the two projects. Our findings highlight how implementation strategies differ with respect to how stakeholders are mobilized. We argue that the realization of nation-wide IIs for healthcare not only requires a gradual transition......Initiatives that seek to realize the vision of nation-wide information infrastructures (II) in healthcare have often failed to achieve their goals. In this paper, we focus on approaches used to plan, conduct, and manage the realization of such visions. Our empirical material describes two Danish...... initiatives, where a national project failed to deliver interoperable Electronic Patient Record (EPR) systems while a small, local solution grew and now offers a nation-wide solution for sharing patient record information. We apply II theory, specifically the five design principles proposed by Hanseth...

  20. A Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation after acquired brain injury

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Aase W


    This study describes the establishment of a Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation of acquired brain injury, particularly traumatic brain injury, in 1997. The vision was to create a system of tax-financed continuous treatment, restoration of function, and outpatient rehabilitat......This study describes the establishment of a Danish national strategy for treatment and rehabilitation of acquired brain injury, particularly traumatic brain injury, in 1997. The vision was to create a system of tax-financed continuous treatment, restoration of function, and outpatient...

  1. Energy use and sustainable development in the 21st century - Local action and national strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report sums up the conference ''Energy use and sustainable development in the 21st century - Local action and national strategies'' that was held in Oslo in 1999. The purpose of the conference was to stimulate the development of climate- and energy strategies and actions that support a sustainable use of energy locally and regionally. The report discusses important points from the various contributions and from the workshops of the conference.

  2. [The cradle of military medicine]. (United States)

    Tsygan, V N


    The Kirov Military Medical Academy, included into the State Code of Particularly Valuable Objects of Cultural Heritage of the Peoples of the Russian Federation, plays an important role in national military-medical science and education during XVIII and XIX centuries. Today the Kirov Military Medical Academy consists of 7 faculties, 63 departments (52 military departments and 11 civil departments), 31 clinics (17 surgical clinics and 14 therapeutic clinics), center of extracorporeal detoxification, 3 departments, taking part in treatment and diagnostic process, 11 clinical subdivisions, research center consisting of 4 research subdivisions and 2 laboratories, and also 14 research laboratories, 32 supply subdivisions and publications department. Glorious staff and graduates of the Academy took part in all russian wars. All famous medical schools were founded in the Academy in XIX-XX centuries. At the present time the Kirov Military Medical Academy is the main military medical university, leading research center and treatment facility of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation.

  3. Transformation strategies in nations based on the socialist model: North Korean companies and their transformation strategies


    Futagami, Shiho


    This paper discusses the possibility of the transformation of North Korean socialistic companies. In this paper, three possible future scenarios concerning North Korean companies are presented. The first one is based on the traditional trend which you have seen already. In this scenario, North Korea will keep the principle of national self-reliance and realize the autarky. It will not have a big impact on Northeast Asian economies. The possibility for such a scenario is low, because of the da...

  4. Economic Modelling and the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training


    Meagher, G.A.; B.R. Parmenter


    In 1994, the Australian National Training Authority (ANTA) was established by agreement between the Commonwealth, State and Territory governments. Central to the agreement is the National Strategy for Vocational Education and Training (VET) which is organized around the four main themes of responsiveness, quality, accessibility and efficiency. To promote efficiency in the allocation of training resources, ANTA and a number of State government agencies responsible for VET planning take into ac...

  5. Amanah Saham National Berhad'S Promotional Strategies and its Relationship with Customer Motivation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Yahaya


    Full Text Available Problem statement: Every single company needs strategies in order to survive or to become a leader in the market nowadays, therefore a study towards findings the suitable strategies for Permodalan National Berhad had been carried out. Approach: The purpose of the study was to determine the types of ASNB’s promotional strategies, to identify the level of effectiveness promotional tools used by Amanah Saham National Berhad (ASNB, to describe the correlations between ASNB’s promotional strategies with customer motivation to invest and to examine the effect of the promotional tools with the customer motivation to invest in ASNB’s products. Results: The findings from the study found that several strategies should be recommended to Amanah Saham National Berhad (ASNB. Firstly, ASNB should increase sales promotion such as high income distribution/dividend, offer scheme ‘bantuan khairat kematian’ to the investors, offer fixed and variable price as well as withdrawal or savings at any time for the investors as this can really encourage Bumiputera and non Bumiputera to invest in ASNB. Secondly, the information about PNB should be more advertise in television and newspaper since people are always see and read this two medium. The advertisement also should be more creative and attractive. Conclusion: Furthermore, PNB should hire more sales executives and hire individual agents as the strategy to boost up ASNB’s sales.

  6. Uncharted Waters: Expeditionary Operations and the Naval Component of Union Military Strategy April 1861 to April 1862 (United States)


    ofAlabama Press, 1995. Hitchcock , Ethan Allen and W. A. Croffut. Fifty Years in Camp and Field ,Diary ofMajor- General Ethan Allen Hitchcock , U.S.A...divergent theoretical views ofnaval strategy and the application of sea power see Alfred Thayer Mahan, Naval Strategy Compared and Contrasted with the

  7. Looking Through the Fog: United States National Security Strategy, National Military Strategy, Air Force Doctrine and the Impacts to ISR (1990-2012) (United States)


    insurgencies that exist. Support new legitimate governments and continue to cooperate with Canada and Mexico 5. East Asia and the Pacific- seek to avoid a...rights. 3. The Western Hemisphere – must control insurgencies, support NAFTA arrangements, and work with non-govt organizations to support...the Korean Peninsula and throughout Asia. 3. The Western Hemisphere – must control insurgencies, support NAFTA arrangements that build pro

  8. The National Security Strategy Under the United Nations and International Law (United States)


    a result of that war." This was addressed in 1951 by Hans Kelsen in a legal analysis of fundamental problems with the UN Charter. He concluded>; Internet; accessed 31 January 2004. 36 Charter of the United Nations, Article 107. 37 Kearly, 27–28. 38 Hans Kelsen ...the framers introduced ambiguity reveals exactly what the framers intended. Kearly cites Hans Kelsen’s authoritative research of the charter of the

  9. Biosurveillance: Efforts to Develop a National Biosurveillance Capability Need a National Strategy and a Designated Leader (United States)


    currently covered are cattle, sheep, goats, equine , swine, commercial poultry, and commercial food fish. The system is a joint effort of the U.S...tuberculosis. However, it can often be prevented with vaccines and can usually be treated with antibiotics or antiviral drugs. Page 77 GAO-10-645 Federal...goats, equine , swine, commercial poultry, and commercial food fish. The National Animal Health Reporting System is a joint effort of the U.S. Animal

  10. 32 CFR 575.6 - Catalogue, United States Military Academy. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Catalogue, United States Military Academy. 575.6... ADMISSION TO THE UNITED STATES MILITARY ACADEMY § 575.6 Catalogue, United States Military Academy. The latest edition of the catalogue, United States Military Academy, contains additional information...

  11. Participatory Water Management Strategies: Contributions for Canada from Brazil’s National Water Resources Policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanderson Alberto Medeiros Leitao


    Full Text Available Canadian decision-makers are encountering escalating socio-ecological pressures to introduce a national water strategy. Canada lags behind other countries such as Brazil which has had a comprehensive, participatory, watershed-based national strategy for over a decade. Similar to Canada, Brazil is a complex, federal, resource-based economy. These two states are world leaders in terms of possessing the vast quantities of the world’s fresh water supplies and in hydro-electric power production. In both cases, however, water abundance is predominantly concentrated in their northern territories with low population density, whereas in other geographical regions, the water demand associated with high population density lead to drought, shortages and social and economic inequalities. Despite these similarities, there are a number of differences particularly with respect to socio-economic and political structures. An examination ofthe Brazilian national water strategy offers some explanations as to why that federation has been able to develop innovative legislation as an important first step towards water security – a step that Canadahas yet to take. It also offers some very useful examples and lessons about how a federal state such as Canada might introduce and implement its own integrative national water strategy.

  12. National Offshore Wind Strategy: Facilitating the Development of the Offshore Wind Industry in the United States

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilman, Patrick [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Maurer, Ben [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Feinberg, Luke [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Duerr, Alana [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Peterson, Lauren [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Musial, Walt [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Beiter, Phillipp [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Golladay, Jennifer [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Stromberg, Jessica [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Johnson, Isis [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Boren, Doug [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States); Moore, Annette [Dept. of the Interior (DOI), Washington DC (United States)


    The U.S. Department of Energy, through its Wind Energy Technologies Office, and U.S. Department of the Interior, through its Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, have jointly produced this updated national strategy to facilitate the responsible development of offshore wind energy in the United States.

  13. National Cases combining promotion scheme, ownership structure and operational strategy for Denmark, France and Portugal

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Ana; Kroff, Pablo; Morthorst, Poul Erik


    by means of energy systems analysis and studies on central cases for each of the participating project partners. This document comprises results from Work Package 6 – National Cases combining support schemes, ownership structures and operational strategies of the FC4Home research project. It integrates...

  14. 77 FR 19661 - Draft National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change (United States)


    ... AGENCY Draft National Water Program 2012 Strategy: Response to Climate Change AGENCY: Environmental... will address climate change challenges to its mission of protecting human health and the environment. Climate change alters the hydrological background in which EPA's programs function. Depending upon...

  15. Investigating Learning English Strategies and English Needs of Undergraduate Students at the National University of Laos (United States)

    Souriyavongsa, Thongma; Abidin, Mohamad Jafre Zainol; Sam, Rany; Mei, Leong Lai; Aloysius, Ithayaraj Britto


    This paper aims to investigate learning English strategies and the requirement of English needs of the undergraduate students at the National University of Laos (NUOL). The study employed a survey design which involved in administering questionnaires of rating scales, and adapting the items from (Barakat, 2010; Chengbin, 2008; Kathleen A, 2010;…

  16. National infrastructure asset management strategy: a recipe for acceleration towards efficiency

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Manus, N


    Full Text Available The Department of Water Affairs and Forestry (DWAF) has for a number of years been in the process of formulating the numerous layers of a national water services infrastructure asset management (IAM) strategy. Earlier work included: a "scan...

  17. Building a National Strategy for Digital Preservation: Issues in Digital Media Archiving. (United States)

    Council on Library and Information Resources, Washington, DC.

    The United States Congress in December 2000 appropriated funds to the Library of Congress (LC) to spearhead an effort to develop a national strategy for the preservation of digital information. LC staff scheduled a series of conversations with representatives from the technology, business, entertainment, academic, legal, archival, and library…

  18. National Strategy on Action for Children in Russia and Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Semya G.V.,


    Full Text Available Development of the National Strategy for Action on Children for 2012–2017 implemented in two phases (2012–2014 and 2015–2017 coincided with the Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child for 2012–2015, and the new Council of Europe Strategies for the Rights of the Child for 2016–2022 takes effect in 2016. Author provides description of a new European instrument: the main current challenges in the field of children safeguarding; top areas and measures to respond to these challenges; methods to implement the strategy including based on the recommendations of the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe to the Member States. The article gives examples of Russia’s accession to the international legal community through the ratification of various conventions that allowed to take domestic measures to ensure international standards to secure children from such crimes as trafficking in children, underage prostitution and por- nography, sexual abuse. The present paper examines opportunity to take into ac- count the new European guidelines and standards in Russian childhood policy and describes action taken in Russia to protect children’s rights as a response to the integrated European challenges, taking into account social and cultural differences.

  19. Military Forces in Transition (United States)


    families of military professionals withdrawn from East- em Europe are living in hostels , prefabricated barracks, or tents. In some cases, conscripts...Technological Capabilities: USSR/US Semiconductor Materials and Microelectronic C ircuils Software Producibility Parallel Computer Architectures ^ r...underground leadership bunker adjacent to Moscow State University . These fa- cilities are intended for the national command authority in wartime

  20. Occupational Stress and Coping among Portuguese Military Police Officers



    This study describes the professional experience of military police officers from the Portuguese Republican National Guard (N = 95). We focused on the main sources and consequences of stress and the coping strategies used to deal with stress. The evaluation protocol included one closed-ended question and four open-ended questions. Data analysis of meaningful text segments was conceptually based and data categorization followed deductive content analysis. Results allowed the identification of ...

  1. United States Strategic Doctrine and the Evolution of Military Airlift (United States)


    and Company, 1983), p. 6?. ’Frank R. Barnett; Huqh B. Tovar ; and Richard H. Shultz, Special Operations in U.S. Strategy (Washington, D. C.:, we must have the support of the C-17."𔃻 Pro jections Samuel Huntington emphasizes the importance of time management in future military...8217 - BIBLIOGRAPHY Art, Robert J.; Davis, Vincent; and Huntington, Samuel P. Reorganizing America’s Defense. Washington D. C.: Pergam-Brassey’s International

  2. The impact of a national strategy to increase physical activity among older adults on national organizations. (United States)

    Park, Chae-Hee; Chodzko-Zajko, Wojtek; Ory, Marcia G; Gleason-Senior, Jane; Bazzarre, Terry L; Mockenhaupt, Robin


    This study was designed to evaluate the impact of the National Blueprint (NB) on the policies, programs, and organizational culture of selected national organizations. The theoretical model selected to assess the impact of the NB on organizational behavior was Burke's system theory of organizational change. Three organizations, AARP, the American College of Sports Medicine (ACSM), and the Administration on Aging (AoA), were selected for the study. Two individuals in each of these organizations were selected for interview. Semistructured interviews and document reviews were used in the data-collection process. Findings showed that the publication and establishment of the NB resulted in changes in the operating procedures of AARP, ACSM, and AoA. The results were broadly consistent with Burke's system theory of organizational change. The publication of the NB was shown to affect the behavior of organizational leaders, organizational culture, policies, programs, and individual and organizational performance. The new information generated has increased our understanding of the impact of health campaigns on organizational behavior.

  3. Research on Application Strategy of EPC Model in Military Engineering Construction%EPC模式在军队工程建设中的应用策略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓安仲; 王群; 李云涛


    基于目前军队工程建设的现状,对军队工程引入EPC模式的必要性以及应用EPC模式存在的问题进行分析,提出明确军队工程EPC模式应用范围、完善军队工程项目组织实施制度、建立健全风险管理体系等应对策略,为军队工程改革项目管理模式提供借鉴。%On basis of the current situation of the military engineering construction,this paper analyzes the necessity of introducing the EPC model into military engineering and the problems existing in the application of EPC model. Then,puts forward the coping strategies,including defining the application scope of the military engineering EPC model,improving the organization system of military engineering project,establishing and perfecting the risk management system,in order to provide reference for the military engineering reform project management model.

  4. Military Marvels

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    The crucial role played by China’s military since the Sichuan earthquake has endeared them to the country more than ever August 1 is the founding anniversary of China’s People’s Liberation Army(PLA).It’s a date with particular public resonance this year because of the crucial role the military has played

  5. National recovery strategy for woodland caribou (Rangifer tarandus caribou, boreal population, in Canada

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dave Hervieux


    Full Text Available Recovery planning for the boreal population of woodland caribou is a complex task, spanning eight Canadian provinces and territories. To accommodate unique situations across the country, recovery planning for this Species at Risk Act-listed threatened species is occurring at both provincial/ territorial and national levels. The national recovery strategy strives to identify nationally important issues and provide direction for provinces and territories as they plan and implement boreal caribou recovery within their jurisdictions. The national vision is to conserve and recover boreal caribou and their habitat across Canada. Specific goals are to: 1 Prevent extirpation of local boreal caribou populations from all existing caribou ranges; and 2 Maintain or enhance local boreal caribou populations at or to self-sustaining levels within all existing caribou ranges; and 3 Maintain or enhance boreal caribou habitat to support self-sustaining local populations. Nineteen broad national approaches are identified. These approaches include items relating to: habitat planning and management, caribou population monitoring and management, management of human-caused mortality, management of other wildlife species, consideration of government legislation and policy,promotion of stewardship and public outreach, and research. Specific outcomes are provided for each stated recovery approach. For more information on Canada's national recovery strategy for the boreal population of woodland caribou please see

  6. Canadian Model of Military Leadership as a Successful Mixture of Civilian and Military Experiences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Piotr Malinowski


    Full Text Available The origins of military leadership are rooted in ancient times and its embodiment are great chieftains and commanders. However, since the moment when in organisation and management sciences the civil theories of leadership started to emerge, the military forces have incorporated their solutions to structure the assumptions of new, coherent and effective models of military leadership. A good example of such solutions is the Canadian model of military leadership, competently merging the civil theories with experience and needs of the military environment. This solution may be a perfect example of effective application of leadership theory to modify the existing national model of military leadership and construct a more efficient one.

  7. United Nations and Military Interventions: Factors for Success and Ability to Lead in Comparison with an International Coalition (United States)


    Violations of Human Rights by the Congolese National Armed Forces in Goma and Kanyabayonga in October and November 2008, published 7 September 2009, http...Looting and Grave Violations of Human Rights by the Congolese National Armed Forces in Goma and Kanyabayonga in October and November 2008, published 7...Rights Office Following Widespread Looting and Grave Violations of Human Rights by the Congolese National Armed Forces in Goma and Kanyabayonga in

  8. National climate policies across Europe and their impacts on cities strategies. (United States)

    Heidrich, O; Reckien, D; Olazabal, M; Foley, A; Salvia, M; de Gregorio Hurtado, S; Orru, H; Flacke, J; Geneletti, D; Pietrapertosa, F; Hamann, J J-P; Tiwary, A; Feliu, E; Dawson, R J


    Globally, efforts are underway to reduce anthropogenic greenhouse gas emissions and to adapt to climate change impacts at the local level. However, there is a poor understanding of the relationship between city strategies on climate change mitigation and adaptation and the relevant policies at national and European level. This paper describes a comparative study and evaluation of cross-national policy. It reports the findings of studying the climate change strategies or plans from 200 European cities from Austria, Belgium, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Netherlands, Spain and the United Kingdom. The study highlights the shared responsibility of global, European, national, regional and city policies. An interpretation and illustration of the influences from international and national networks and policy makers in stimulating the development of local strategies and actions is proposed. It was found that there is no archetypical way of planning for climate change, and multiple interests and motivations are inevitable. Our research warrants the need for a multi-scale approach to climate policy in the future, mainly ensuring sufficient capacity and resource to enable local authorities to plan and respond to their specific climate change agenda for maximising the management potentials for translating environmental challenges into opportunities. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  9. Identification of Strategies to Leverage Public and Private Resources for National Security Workforce Development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report documents the identification of strategies to leverage public and private resources for the development of an adequate national security workforce as part of the National Security Preparedness Project (NSPP).There are numerous efforts across the United States to develop a properly skilled and trained national security workforce. Some of these efforts are the result of the leveraging of public and private dollars. As budget dollars decrease and the demand for a properly skilled and trained national security workforce increases, it will become even more important to leverage every education and training dollar. The leveraging of dollars serves many purposes. These include increasing the amount of training that can be delivered and therefore increasing the number of people reached, increasing the number and quality of public/private partnerships, and increasing the number of businesses that are involved in the training of their future workforce.

  10. Creating the laboratory`s future; A strategy for Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    ``Creating The Laboratory`s Future`` describes Livermore`s roles and responsibilities as a Department of Energy (DOE) national laboratory and sets the foundation for decisions about the Laboratory`s programs and operations. It summarizes Livermore`s near-term strategy, which builds on recent Lab achievements and world events affecting their future. It also discusses their programmatic and operational emphases and highlights program areas that the authors believe can grow through application of Lab science and technology. Creating the Laboratory`s Future reflects their very strong focus on national security, important changes in the character of their national security work, major efforts are under way to overhaul their administrative and operational systems, and the continuing challenge of achieving national consensus on the role of the government in energy, environment, and the biosciences.

  11. National variation in transfusion strategies in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin Julia; Svenningsen, Peter Olsen; Fabricius, Rasmus


    INTRODUCTION: An optimal transfusion strategy for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has yet to be established. The national guidelines contain recommendations for patients with life-threating bleeding in general, but no specific recommendations for patients with UGIB. We...... hypothesised that there are variations in transfusion strategies for patients with UGIB across the Danish regions. METHODS: We performed a retrospective, register-based, analysis on transfusions given to all patients with non-variceal UGIB in Denmark in 2011-2013. We compared the results from the five regions...

  12. Strategic plan strategy of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Restoration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report provides information about the use of an integrated strategic plan, strategy, and life-cycle baseline in the long range planning and risk process employed by the environmental restoration program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Long-range planning is essential because the ER Program encompasses hundreds of sites; will last several decades; and requires complex technology, management, and policy. Long-range planning allows a focused, cost-effective approach to identify and meet Program objectives. This is accomplished through a strategic plan, a strategy, and a life-cycle baseline. This long-range methodology is illustrated below.

  13. Proposed national strategies for the prevention of leading work-related diseases and injuries. Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    Preliminary strategies developed at the National Symposium on the Prevention of Leading Work Related Diseases and Injuries, held in Atlanta, Georgia on May 1 to 3, 1985 were revised, elaborated, and further developed. Strategies were developed for the prevention of occupational lung diseases, musculoskeletal injuries, occupational cancers, severe occupational traumatic injuries, and occupational cardiovascular diseases. Lung diseases considered included silicosis, asbestosis, lung cancer mesothelioma, coal workers' pneumoconiosis, byssinosis, occupational asthma, hypersensitivity pneumonitis, asphyxiation, irritation, pulmonary edema, brucellosis, psitticosis, anthrax, mycobacterioses, histoplasmosis, aspergillosis, and coccidioidomycosis. Occupational cancers were discussed as they occur in the lung, pleura, peritoneum, bladder, kidneys, blood, nasal cavity, skin, nasal sinuses, and liver.

  14. Strategic plan strategy of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory Environmental Restoration Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report provides information about the use of an integrated strategic plan, strategy, and life-cycle baseline in the long range planning and risk process employed by the environmental restoration program at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). Long-range planning is essential because the ER Program encompasses hundreds of sites; will last several decades; and requires complex technology, management, and policy. Long-range planning allows a focused, cost-effective approach to identify and meet Program objectives. This is accomplished through a strategic plan, a strategy, and a life-cycle baseline. This long-range methodology is illustrated below.

  15. Senior Military Colleges Meet At Virginia Tech


    Lovegrove, Richard L.


    Representatives from the nation's six senior military colleges will hear from the Department of Defense and national Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC) commanders during the annual Senior Military Colleges Conference at Virginia Tech on Wednesday and Thursday, Sept. 17 and 18 at the Donaldson Brown Hotel and Conference Center.

  16. Stress-coping strategies among medical residents in Saudi Arabia: A cross-sectional national study. (United States)

    Alosaimi, Fahad D; Almufleh, Auroabah; Kazim, Sana; Aladwani, Bandar


    Maladaptive stress-coping strategies have been linked to reduced quality of life, psychiatric disorders, and reduced work performance among residents or physicians. This study aimed to examine stress-coping strategies among medical residents in Saudi Arabia and their association with stress levels and important personal characteristics. This cross-sectional study was conducted between May and October 2012. Residents of different specialties were recruited from a national database. Stress-coping strategies were assessed using the 28-item brief coping scale (BCS), while stress was assessed using the perceived stress scale (PSS). Nine hundred seventeen residents completed both BCS and PSS assessments. Almost 55% of participants were males, 88% were Saudi, 58% were married, and 15% had positive history of psychiatric disorders. The adaptive stress-coping strategy with the highest score was religion, followed by planning, acceptance, and active coping. The maladaptive stress-coping strategy with the highest score was self-blame, followed by self-distraction, and venting. Maladaptive stress-coping strategies were associated with high stress level, female gender, and history of psychiatric disorders. Stress-coping strategies were not correlated/associated with age, presence of major medical illnesses, or stress management education/training. Adaptive stress-coping strategies were more frequently used among a sample of residents in Saudi Arabia than maladaptive stress-coping strategies, with higher use of religion in coping than previously reported. To avoid potential negative impact on resident well-being, future studies among residents should aim to identify the type of stress management program that most positively impacts stress-coping skills.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana M. TOFAN


    Full Text Available The experience in the Republic of Moldova during 2010-2014 period to implement the National Strategy of Regional Development, has demonstrated the need to develop monitoring and evaluation methodology of these strategy, and put accent on the development of regional statistics, on the indicators of projects, regions and the national level, on the development of methodology for assessing the impact of the projects, to ensure the dissemination of results in monitoring and evaluation by placing the information on the website of the Ministry of Regional Development and Construction and Regional Development Agencies in periodic newsletters. To ensure transparency in monitoring and evaluation in the implementation of regional development policy confirms the responsibility of actors involved in the area, condition the right to take effective measures to correct the activities which do not correspond to the policy and provides the opportunity to examine the dynamics of the processes of socio-economic development of the regions.

  18. National health information management/information technology strategies in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. (United States)

    Zhu, Julia Yinxin; Protti, Denis J


    A national health information management/information technology (IM/IT) strategy is crucially important for a country in planning and implementing healthcare priorities. However, little comparative research has been performed in this area, especially in Asian countries. This paper reviews, assesses and compares the healthcare systems, as well as the national health IM/IT initiatives and strategies in Hong Kong, Taiwan and Singapore. Although the proportion of public and private health services, IT infrastructure development, and government involvement in these three jurisdictions are different, they experience similar challenges with limited resources. By outlining the approaches being taken in the three Asian jurisdictions, this paper provides comparison, evaluation and insights that may be useful to other jurisdictions.

  19. Applying change management metaphors to a national e-Health strategy. (United States)

    Saunders, Chad; Scott, Richard E


    Recent attempts at a collective understanding of how to develop an e-Health strategy have addressed the individual organisation, collection of organisations, and national levels. At the national level the World Health Organisation's National eHealth Strategy Toolkit serves as an exemplar that consolidates knowledge in this area, guides practical implementations, and identifies areas for future research. A key implication of this toolkit is the considerable number of organisational changes required to successfully apply their ideas in practice. This study looks critically at the confluence of change management and e-Health strategy using metaphors that underpin established models of change management. Several of Morgan's organisational metaphors are presented (highlighting varied beliefs and assumptions regarding how change is enacted, who is responsible for the change, and guiding principles for that change), and used to provide a framework. Attention is then directed to several prominent models of change management that exemplify one or more of these metaphors, and these theoretical insights are applied to evaluate the World Health Organisation's National eHealth Strategy Toolkit. The paper presents areas for consideration when using the WHO/ITU toolkit, and suggestions on how to improve its use in practice. The goal is to seek insight regarding the optimal sequence of steps needed to ensure successful implementation and integration of e-health into health systems using change management models. No single model, toolkit, or guideline will offer all the needed answers, but clarity around the underlying metaphors informing the change management models being used provides valuable insight so potentially challenging areas can be avoided or mitigated.

  20. Strategy of National Cultural Security and Modern Russia «Soft Force»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G J Filimonov


    Full Text Available Today one of the key factors needed for preservation of the state sovereignty, territorial integrity of the country, consolidation of a society, creation of conditions for the successful decision of internal problems and accordingly occurrence of possibility for conducting by the state of active foreign policy necessity of formation of own strategy of maintenance of national cultural safety and potentials so-called «soft force» appears.

  1. Tourism policy of Balkan countries: Review of national tourism development strategies


    Dejan Metodijeski; Zoran Temelkov


    A different tourism policy created by various states is one of the primary factors for the existence and development of tourism, along with its natural and anthropogenic resources of specified destinations. The subject of this paper is the tourism policy of the Balkan countries, as seen through the prism of national strategies for the development of tourism and tourism products. The paper provides basic data for the Balkan countries such as: population, territory characteristics, number of...

  2. Implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in the strategy of national economy development


    Dmytro Lukianenko; Olga Lukianenko; Olexandra Doroshenko


    This paper studies the knowledge economy paradigm and the factors of its influence on the development of national economies in the context of transformation of the global competitive environment. It has been methodologically identified the basic categories and concepts concerning the determination of key factors and parameters of modern economic systems. It has been proved through the example of South Korea that implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in long-term strategies initiate...

  3. The competitive advantage of nations and choice of entry strategies : a three scenario case study


    Helvik, Marianne; Harnecker, Maria Luisa Garrido


    Michael E. Porter’s Diamond framework has been used as an analysis tool the last 15 years to define the competitive advantage of nations, but few researchers have discussed if there is a link between the Diamond framework and how international firms can pursue the best entry mode. Different variables will be presented linking the Diamond framework to entry strategies, designing an extended framework. Three case scenarios are used for analysis purposes; the first two originating in Porter’s Di...

  4. Cross-Cultural Strategies for Improving the Teaching, Training, and Mentoring Skills of Military Transition Team Advisors (United States)


    host nationals, many advisors were able to accomplish very little (Ramsden-Zbylut, Metcalf, McGowan, Beemer, Vowels , & Brunner, 2008...Hofstede, 1980, 2001). People in individualistic societies are characterized by an emotional independence from “groups, organizations, and/or...the “intuitive-affective style of emotional appeal” (Glenn, Witmeyer, & Stevenson, 1977) is key to the manner in which ideas are organized and

  5. Nutrition and Physical Activity Strategies for Cancer Prevention in Current National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program Plans. (United States)

    Puckett, Mary; Neri, Antonio; Underwood, J Michael; Stewart, Sherri L


    Obesity, diet and physical inactivity are risk factors for some cancers. Grantees of the National Comprehensive Cancer Control Program (NCCCP) in US states, tribes, and territories develop plans to coordinate funding and activities for cancer prevention and control. Including information and goals related to nutrition and physical activity (NPA) is a key opportunity for primary cancer prevention, but it is currently unclear to what extent NCCCP plans address these issues. We reviewed 69 NCCCP plans and searched for terms related to NPA. Plans were coded as (1) knowledge of NPA and cancer link; (2) goals to improve NPA behaviors; and (3) strategies to increase healthy NPA activities, environments, or systems changes. NPA content was consistently included in all cancer plans examined across all years. Only 4 (6 %) outlined only the relationship between NPA and cancer without goals or strategies. Fifty-nine plans (89 %) contained goals or strategies related to NPA, with 53 (82 %) including both. However, numbers of goals, strategies, and detail provided varied widely. All programs recognized the importance of NPA in cancer prevention. Most plans included NPA goals and strategies. Increasing the presence of NPA strategies that can be modified or adapted appropriately locally could help with more widespread implementation and measurement of NPA interventions.

  6. United States National Pain Strategy for Population Research: Concepts, Definitions, and Pilot Data. (United States)

    Von Korff, Michael; Scher, Ann I; Helmick, Charles; Carter-Pokras, Olivia; Dodick, David W; Goulet, Joseph; Hamill-Ruth, Robin; LeResche, Linda; Porter, Linda; Tait, Raymond; Terman, Gregory; Veasley, Christin; Mackey, Sean


    National Pain Strategy population research objectives include: estimating chronic pain prevalence, studying pain treatment with electronic health care data, and developing metrics to assess progress in reducing chronic pain impact. In this article, the National Pain Strategy Population Research Workgroup reviews concepts relevant to achieving these aims. High-impact chronic pain was defined as persistent pain with substantial restriction of life activities lasting 6 months or more. In pilot work, we tested a brief assessment of high-impact chronic pain, and used electronic health records data to describe pain-related health care. A mail survey of adult health plan enrollees (N = 770) reported that 14% had high-impact chronic pain. Relative to persons with lower-impact chronic pain, those with high-impact chronic pain were more often frequent users of health care for pain, reported lower quality of life, greater pain-related interference with activities, and more often reported pain at multiple anatomic locations. Analyses of health care data (N = 289,464) reported that pain patients had higher health care costs compared with others and that pain services were typically delivered in primary care. These results support the feasibility of developing data on chronic pain through national health interview surveys and large electronic health care databases. Pilot analyses supported the feasibility of brief chronic pain assessments suitable for national health surveys and use of electronic health care databases to develop data regarding trends in the delivery of pain treatments, costs, and effectiveness. These methods are relevant to achieving the aims of the US National Pain Strategy. Copyright © 2016 American Pain Society. All rights reserved.

  7. Use of health economics in the development of a national radon control strategy in Ireland. (United States)

    Pollard, D; Fenton, D


    A health economics evaluation of different radon intervention strategies was undertaken including the incorporation of prevention into new buildings, the incorporation of potential remedial measures into new buildings and remediation of existing buildings. The analysis shows that (1) the incorporation of prevention into new houses at the time of construction is generally more cost effective than remediation of existing houses and (2) that the cost effectiveness of programmes aimed at encouraging householders to test and remediate their houses may be poor if they are not undertaken within the context of coherent radon reduction strategy. The results of this evaluation were used to identify the most cost-effective radon interventions in an Irish context in support of the development of a National Radon Control Strategy.

  8. National Strategies to Harness Information Technology Seeking Transformation in Singapore, Finland, the Philippines, and South Africa

    CERN Document Server

    Knight, Peter


    The ability to harness Information Communication Technologies (ICTs) is increasingly at the heart of competitiveness and sustainable growth. As countries engage in an increasingly competitive global economy, they are trying to weave ICT into their development strategies, in the same way enterprises have learned to use ICT to transform their business models and strategies. This integration offers a new path to development that is responsive to the challenges of our times.  In National Strategies to Harness Information Technology, Nagy Hanna and Peter Knight provide a framework for assessing the opportunities, challenges, and prospects for “e-transformation” and for analyzing the options and innovations adopted to manage the e-transformation process.  They ask hard questions: what does it take to harness ICT to transform an economy?  Why some countries accelerate their development journey with ICT while others fail?  How did successful countries balance the need for strategic leadership with bottom up ...

  9. The Military Power of the People’s Republic of China. A Report to Congress Pursuant to the National Defense Authorization Act, Fiscal Year 2000 (United States)


    Paper identifies the “ technological gap resulting from the Revolution in Military Affairs” as a development that will have a “major impact on China’s...the expanding technological gap between modern military forces and those of developing countries. The 2004 Defense White Paper identifies the... technological gap resulting from the revolution in military affairs” as having a “major impact on China’s security.” These concerns have prompted

  10. The Swedish strategy and method for development of a national healthcare information architecture. (United States)

    Rosenälv, Jessica; Lundell, Karl-Henrik


    "We need a precise framework of regulations in order to maintain appropriate and structured health care documentation that ensures that the information maintains a sufficient level of quality to be used in treatment, in research and by the actual patient. The users shall be aided by clearly and uniformly defined terms and concepts, and there should be an information structure that clarifies what to document and how to make the information more useful. Most of all, we need to standardize the information, not just the technical systems." (eHälsa - nytta och näring, Riksdag report 2011/12:RFR5, p. 37). In 2010, the Swedish Government adopted the National e-Health - the national strategy for accessible and secure information in healthcare. The strategy is a revision and extension of the previous strategy from 2006, which was used as input for the most recent efforts to develop a national information structure utilizing business-oriented generic models. A national decision on healthcare informatics standards was made by the Swedish County Councils, which decided to follow and use EN/ISO 13606 as a standard for the development of a universally applicable information structure, including archetypes and templates. The overall aim of the Swedish strategy for development of National Healthcare Information Architecture is to achieve high level semantic interoperability for clinical content and clinical contexts. High level semantic interoperability requires consistently structured clinical data and other types of data with coherent traceability to be mapped to reference clinical models. Archetypes that are formal definitions of the clinical and demographic concepts and some administrative data were developed. Each archetype describes the information structure and content of overarching core clinical concepts. Information that is defined in archetypes should be used for different purposes. Generic clinical process model was made concrete and analyzed. For each decision

  11. Military Civic Action in Colombia (United States)


    this act provided the American nations (except for Panamg and Argentina ) with military materiel and services valued at $460 million. 30 Additionally...rural living conditions. In Argentina and Mexico the military played an important role in economic development by opening up new roads and constructing...assistance to the settlers. Then, on 1 September 1953, Rojas established the Coffee Grower’s Bank (Banco Cafetero y de Exportaciones ), with capital

  12. The Effects of U.S. National Security Strategy on Force Structure and the National Industrial Base: 1945-1960 (United States)


    diplomatic approach to confronting global communist expansion.51 In February, a Soviet-backed communist seizure of power occurred in the sole remaining...tail” to wag the proverbial military “ dog ,” that seemed to have alarmed Eisenhower near the end of his administration. Eisenhower even seems to have

  13. USSR Report, Military Affairs (United States)


    and leading seaman and honor student. The brothers Giya and Guliver Nikolaishvili of Sukhumi, Dato Metreveli of Kutaisi, who is at the Kiev higher...policy is closely related to its domestic and foreign policy and the strategy of accelerating social and economic development based on scientific...and special informational publications and become acquainted with patent materials. There is yet one more important concept in our military lexicon

  14. Burnout and Coping Strategies in Male Staff from National Police in Valparaíso Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Briones Mella


    Full Text Available Background: This cross-sectional study aimed to examine the relationship between several dimensions of the burnout syndrome with certain stress-coping strategies, seniority level and marital status in male staff from National Police in Vaparaíso, Chile.Methods: The sample collected in 2010 was composed of 338 male officers coming from various special units of a National Police in Valparaíso. Burnout and Coping Strategies were assessed and classified according Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI and COPE Inventory, respectively. Data was analyzed using Pearson product-moment correlation, t-test for independent measures and Multiple Linear Regression to generate a predictive model.Results: The prevalence of the burnout syndrome disaggregated by grouping criteria, the dimensions concentrated in middle levels for emotional exhaustion with a 52.1%, a 51.8% for depersonalization and finally, personal achievement with a 48.8%. Only 28% of participants showed more exacerbated dimensions of the burnout syndrome. There was a weak and direct yet statistically significant relationship between personal achievement and active coping. Mental disconnection had a weak direct relationship between both coping strategies and emotional exhaustion also existed. Certain correlations between burnout dimensions and coping strategies focused on emotion as predictor variables over the criterion variable corresponding to emotional exhaustion were mental disconnection in first place, secondly, focusing on emotions, and emotional social support.Conclusions: Burnout dimensions scored medium values ​​focusing mainly on emotional exhaustion and reduced personal accomplishment. Coping strategies are used in parallel and in general are not mutually exclusive. Finally, there were not any relationship between variables seniority level and marital status.

  15. 论新型作战力量战略下的脑科学军事应用体系构成研究%Military brain science factors of battle effectiveness under a new concept of operation strategies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗旭; 吴昊; 郭继卫


    Building a new concept of combat forces is an important initiative in the 12th Five-Year Plan of National Defense Strategies.In the era of biotechnology,global powers have been competing for brain control by means of accelerated development in brain science and the military theory of "Innovation to Subdue".Based on elaboration on the concepts and developments of military applications of brain science as well as on analysis of impacts on the mechanism of winning,this paper proposes the operation concepts of "pre-setting"and "bio-orientation",the combat modes of "mechanized warfare"and "idiodynamic warfare",and weapon evolution into "intellectualization"and "brain-control orientation".This paper presents a practical system design of military applications of brain science:"presetting—key technology—weapons′power source-mechanism of winning".The constitution and winning mechanism of the three-stage mode of battle effectiveness are summarized as improving the operation capability—war of super soldiers",changing the main force of operations—"war of mechanized legions",altering the principles of operations—"war of spiritual consciousness". This paper also suggests the upgradation from "damage theory"to "control theory",the shift from "informatization"to"intellectualization",and strategic breakthroughs from "independent development"to "collaborative innovation".%新型作战力量建设是我国“十二五”国防战略规划的重要举措,在“以新制胜”的军事战争理论指导下,在脑科学飞速发展的生物时代,围绕脑控权的争夺已在世界各大国间展开。该文系统阐述了脑科学军事应用的概念及发展,分析了其对战斗力生成的影响,提出了“预置化”与“生物化”的作战理念、“机械战”与“意念战”的作战样式、“智能化”与“脑控化”的作战武器发展态势;结合理论及技术发展趋势提出了“预置—关键技术—武器动力—战场制

  16. Bringing the Military Back in: Military Expenditures and Economic Growth 1990 to 2003

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jeffrey Kentor


    Full Text Available After the “peace bonus” era, global military expenditures have escalated sharply despite some worldwide declines in military personnel. Theories on the economic impacts of the military institution and escalated military spending greatly differ and include arguments that they either improve domestic economic performance or crowd out growth-inducing processes. Empirical findings on this matter are inconclusive, in part due to a failure to disentangle the various dimensions of military expenditures. We further suggest that modern sociology's relative inattention to such issues has contributed to these shortcomings. We explore a new dimension of military spending that clarifies this issue—military expenditures per soldier —which captures the capital intensiveness of a country’s military organization. Our cross-national panel regression and causal analyses of developed and less developed countries from 1990 to 2003 show that military expenditures per soldier inhibit the growth of per capita GDP, net of control variables, with the most pronounced effects in least developed countries. These expenditures inhibit national development in part by slowing the expansion of the labor force. Labor-intensive militaries may provide a pathway for upward mobility, but comparatively capital-intensive military organizations limit entry opportunities for unskilled and under- or unemployed people. Deep investments in military hardware also reduce the investment capital available for more economically productive opportunities. We also find that arms imports have a positive effect on economic growth, but only in less developed countries.

  17. 海权视阈下的当代印度海军战略与海外军事基地∗%Indian Naval Strategy and Oversea Military Bases of India

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨震; 董健


    After the end of the Cold War, India has reexamined its maritime strategy in accordance with the changed international situation, geopolitical environment and national interests. Indian Navy therefore develops itself to the direction of a blue navy. India has established several overseas military bases in recent years, which will bring about a significant impact on regional security and strategic landscape. China could learn some experience in this regard.%冷战结束后,印度根据变化了的国际形势、地缘政治环境以及国家利益对其海洋战略进行了重新审视,并以海权思想为基础出台了一系列海军战略,印度海军也因此向远洋化的方向发展。海外军事基地对于舰队远洋作战与机动是不可或缺的。出于对发展远洋海军的需求,印度近年来陆续在海外设立了军事基地。这些军事基地的设立对于地区安全形势和战略格局将会产生比较重大的影响,同时也给予同样在发展远洋海军的中国一些有益的启示。

  18. A national environmental monitoring system to support the Moroccan sustainable development strategy (United States)

    Mourhir, A.; Rachidi, T.


    Morocco is a mountainous country, subject to both marine and Saharan influences. The increase in population has led to an increase of the gross domestic product (GDP), which accentuated by inadequate resource management, has been accompanied by the degradation of the environment. The annual cost of environmental damage has been estimated at nearly eight percent of Morocco’s GDP. Morocco is a country that has scarce natural resources, especially arable land and water. In recent years, intensive agricultural production, large-scale irrigation schemes, industrialization, and urbanization have been creating serious problems. The country has faced severe air, water and soil pollution, environmental health problems, deforestation and soil erosion. The country is very vulnerable to impacts of global climate change. Morocco’s approach to sustainable development (SD) is mainly environmental. The two main documents for Morocco’s SD strategy are the National Strategy for the Protection of the Environment and Sustainable Development (SNPEDD), 1995, and the National Plan of Action for the Environment (PANE), 1998. SNPEDD’s main objective is the integration and strengthening of environmental concerns in economic development activities. The activities for the formulation and implementation of the strategy include: a) studies on the state of the Moroccan environment; b) formulation of the PANE; c) preparation of a sensitization program on environmental issues and the implementation of a database and information system on the environment; (d) preparation of regional and local environmental monographies. The aim of the current work is to create an information system as an approach to complex sustainability analyses at the national level using GIS technologies. This information system includes the following: 1.Development of a database of SD indicators and historical data. Morocco has been involved in the working framework of the Mediterranean Commission for Sustainable

  19. Financing Sustainable Small-Scale Forestry: Lessons from Developing National Forest Financing Strategies in Latin America

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman Savenije


    Full Text Available The problems that hamper the financing of sustainable forest management (SFM are manifold and complex. However, forestry is also facing unprecedented opportunities. The multiple functions and values of forests are increasingly recognized as part of the solution to pressing global issues (e.g., climate change, energy scarcity, poverty, environmental degradation, biodiversity loss and raw material supply. Emerging initiatives to enhance forest carbon stocks and cut greenhouse gas emissions associated with forest clearing (known as REDD+, together with voluntary carbon markets, are offering additional funding options for SFM. Indigenous peoples, local communities and small scale farmers feature as key players in the discourse on implementing such initiatives. Based on the experience of countries developing national forest financing strategies and instruments, we suggest the following points be considered when financing such initiatives, particularly for small scale forestry: (1 Integrate financing of REDD+ and similar initiatives within broader national strategies for SFM financing; (2 Design REDD+ finance mechanisms that are ‘community ready’, i.e., tailored to local realities; (3 Consider existing livelihood strategies as the starting point; (4 Build on existing structures, but be mindful of their strengths and weaknesses; (5 Be strategic with your priority actions; and (6 Promote innovation, knowledge sharing and information exchange.

  20. Benefits of a health impact assessment in relation to fuel poverty: assessing Luton's Affordable Warmth Strategy and the need for a national mandatory strategy. (United States)

    Stewart, Jill; Habgood, Veronica


    The links between fuel poverty and poor health are well documented, yet there is no statutory requirement on local authorities to develop fuel poverty strategies, which tend to be patchy nationally and differ substantially in quality. Fuel poverty starts from the perspective of income, even though interventions can improve health. The current public health agenda calls for more partnership-based, cost-effective strategies based on sound evidence. Fuel poverty represents a key area where there is currently little local evidence quantifying and qualifying health gain arising from strategic interventions. As a result, this initial study sought to apply the principles of a health impact assessment to Luton's Affordable Warmth Strategy, exploring the potential to identify health impact arising--as a baseline for future research--in the context of the public health agenda. A national strategy would help ensure the promotion of targeted fuel poverty strategies.

  1. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rebecca Kormos

    Full Text Available The development and private sectors are increasingly considering "biodiversity offsets" as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1 takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2 identifies priority offset sites, (3 promotes aggregated offsets, and (4 integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available.

  2. Great apes and biodiversity offset projects in Africa: the case for national offset strategies. (United States)

    Kormos, Rebecca; Kormos, Cyril F; Humle, Tatyana; Lanjouw, Annette; Rainer, Helga; Victurine, Ray; Mittermeier, Russell A; Diallo, Mamadou S; Rylands, Anthony B; Williamson, Elizabeth A


    The development and private sectors are increasingly considering "biodiversity offsets" as a strategy to compensate for their negative impacts on biodiversity, including impacts on great apes and their habitats in Africa. In the absence of national offset policies in sub-Saharan Africa, offset design and implementation are guided by company internal standards, lending bank standards or international best practice principles. We examine four projects in Africa that are seeking to compensate for their negative impacts on great ape populations. Our assessment of these projects reveals that not all apply or implement best practices, and that there is little standardization in the methods used to measure losses and gains in species numbers. Even if they were to follow currently accepted best-practice principles, we find that these actions may still fail to contribute to conservation objectives over the long term. We advocate for an alternative approach in which biodiversity offset and compensation projects are designed and implemented as part of a National Offset Strategy that (1) takes into account the cumulative impacts of development in individual countries, (2) identifies priority offset sites, (3) promotes aggregated offsets, and (4) integrates biodiversity offset and compensation projects with national biodiversity conservation objectives. We also propose supplementary principles necessary for biodiversity offsets to contribute to great ape conservation in Africa. Caution should still be exercised, however, with regard to offsets until further field-based evidence of their effectiveness is available.

  3. USSR Report, Military Affairs. (United States)


    notorious questionnaire method, haste and thoughtlessness lead to sad results. For example, in one unit in the Northern Group of Forces a person...the Komsomol member and how they worried that he was military, cocky and sharp-tongued! And his shoulders were squared and his craving to dare, to...examples in this work and make a contribution to the implementation of the nation’s Food Pro- gram. This year too, working in the kolkhoz and sovkhoz

  4. Priorities in national space strategies and governance of the member states of the European Space Agency (United States)

    Adriaensen, Maarten; Giannopapa, Christina; Sagath, Daniel; Papastefanou, Anastasia


    The European Space Agency (ESA) has twenty Member States with a variety of strategic priorities and governance structures regarding their space activities. A number of countries engage in space activities exclusively though ESA, while others have also their own national space programme. Some consider ESA as their prime space agency and others have additionally their own national agency with respective programmes. The main objective of this paper is to provide an up-to date overview and a holistic assessment of strategic priorities and the national space governance structures in 20 ESA Member States. This analysis and assessment has been conducted by analysing the Member States public documents, information provided at ESA workshop on this topic and though unstructured interviews. The paper is structured to include two main elements: priorities and trends in national space strategies and space governance in ESA Member States. The first part of this paper focuses on the content and analysis of the national space strategies and indicates the main priorities and trends in Member States. The priorities are categorised with regards to technology domains, the role of space in the areas of sustainability and the motivators that boost engagement in space. These vary from one Member State to another and include with different levels of engagement in technology domains amongst others: science and exploration, navigation, Earth observation, human space flight, launchers, telecommunications, and integrated applications. Member States allocate a different role of space as enabling tool adding to the advancement of sustainability areas including: security, resources, environment and climate change, transport and communication, energy, and knowledge and education. The motivators motivating reasoning which enhances or hinders space engagement also differs. The motivators identified are industrial competitiveness, job creation, technology development and transfer, social benefits

  5. Research on 6R Military Logistics Network (United States)

    Jie, Wan; Wen, Wang

    The building of military logistics network is an important issue for the construction of new forces. This paper has thrown out a concept model of 6R military logistics network model based on JIT. Then we conceive of axis spoke y logistics centers network, flexible 6R organizational network, lean 6R military information network based grid. And then the strategy and proposal for the construction of the three sub networks of 6Rmilitary logistics network are given.

  6. Strategies for Meaningful Engagement between Community-Based Health Researchers and First Nations Participants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaime Cidro


    Full Text Available The Baby Teeth Talk Study (BTT is a partnership-based research project looking at interventions to prevent early childhood caries (ECC in First Nations populations in Canada. Community-based researchers (CBRs conducted preventive and behavioral interventions that targeted expectant mothers and their newborns, over a 3-year period. The work of the CBRs requires a great deal of training and skills to administer the interventions. It also requires a broad set of strategies to meaningfully engage participants to make health-promoting changes in their behavior to prevent ECC in their children. After implementing the intervention, BTT CBRs participated in interviews to explore the strategies they employed to engage participants in the prevention of ECC. CBRs perceived two key strategies as essential for meaningful engagement with BTT participants. First, CBRs indicated that their shared experiences through motherhood, First Nations identity, age, and childhood experience provided a positive foundation for dialog with participants that lead to build trust and rapport. Second, supportive interpersonal and culturally based communication skills of the CBR provided further foundation to engage with participants from a strength-based approach. For example, the CBRs knew how to effectively communicate in ways such as being gentle, non-intrusive, and avoiding any perception of judgment when discussing oral health behavior. In First Nations health research, CBRs can provide an essential link in engaging participants and the community for improvements in health. Researchers should carefully consider characteristics such as shared experience and ability to understand cultural communication styles when hiring CBRs in order to build a solid foundation of trust with research participants.

  7. A Study on Establishing National Technology Strategy of Fusion Energy Development: Combining PEST-SWOT Methodologies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chang, Han Soo; Choi, Won Jae; Tho, Hyun Soo; Kang, Dong Yup; Kim, In Chung [National Fusion Research Institute, Daejeon (Korea, Republic of)


    Nuclear fusion, the joining of light nuclei of hydrogen into heavier nuclei of helium, has potential environmental, safety and proliferation characteristics as an energy source. It can also, provide an adequate amount of fuel to power civilization for a long time compared to human history. It is, however, more challenging to convert to an energy source than nuclear fission. To overcome this, Korea enacted a law to promote the development of fusion as an energy source in 2007. In accordance with this law, the government will establish a promotion plan to develop fusion energy, including policy goals, a framework, strategies, infrastructure, funding, human resources, international cooperation and etc. This will be reviewed every five years. This paper is focused on the combining PEST (political, economic, social and technological) method with SWOT (strength, weakness, opportunity and threat) analysis, which is a prerequisite to form national fusion energy technology strategy

  8. Analysis of sheltering and evacuation strategies for a national capital region nuclear detonation scenario.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoshimura, Ann S.; Brandt, Larry D.


    Development of an effective strategy for shelter and evacuation is among the most important planning tasks in preparation for response to a low yield, nuclear detonation in an urban area. Extensive studies have been performed and guidance published that highlight the key principles for saving lives following such an event. However, region-specific data are important in the planning process as well. This study examines some of the unique regional factors that impact planning for a 10 kT detonation in the National Capital Region. The work utilizes a single scenario to examine regional impacts as well as the shelter-evacuate decision alternatives at one exemplary point. For most Washington, DC neighborhoods, the excellent assessed shelter quality available make shelter-in-place or selective transit to a nearby shelter a compelling post-detonation strategy.

  9. Soft power as part of China's strategy for national image cultivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Signe

    at the highest level. This interest in soft power is generally seen as part of an important foreign policy shift, and the huge amounts of money spent by the government on cultural diplomacy testify to the importance attached to it. Understanding what might be the goal of China’s soft power strategy is however...... in Qiu Shi to find out how the concepts of soft power and national image together are being built into a discourse of strengthening China’s cultural identity. Various interpretations on how China’s soft power strategy is connected to her self-image may follow from this analysis, the question however...... remains whether it is really a softer identity, rather than soft power in the usual sense China is looking for? And is this image actually directed towards a foreign audience, or is it to some extent China’s own population this softer identity is directed at?...

  10. Announced Strategy Types in Multiagent RL for Conflict-Avoidance in the National Airspace (United States)

    Rebhuhn, Carrie; Knudson, Matthew D.; Tumer, Kagan


    The use of unmanned aerial systems (UAS) in the national airspace is of growing interest to the research community. Safety and scalability of control algorithms are key to the successful integration of autonomous system into a human-populated airspace. In order to ensure safety while still maintaining efficient paths of travel, these algorithms must also accommodate heterogeneity of path strategies of its neighbors. We show that, using multiagent RL, we can improve the speed with which conflicts are resolved in cases with up to 80 aircraft within a section of the airspace. In addition, we show that the introduction of abstract agent strategy types to partition the state space is helpful in resolving conflicts, particularly in high congestion.

  11. Organ preservation strategies: Review of literature and their applicability in developing nations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitali Dandekar


    Full Text Available There has been a change in practice in locally advanced laryngopharyngeal cancers toward non-surgical treatment modalities. Although, there have been landmark trials pertinent to organ preservation, their applicability in developing nations is a topic of much debate. The organ preservation concept was based on the findings of pivotal trials by the Veterans Affairs, European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer group and Radiation Therapy Oncology Group. Subsequently numerous studies have been designed to evaluate intensification of treatment as well as study toxicity and tolerability. This review critically analyses current evidence for larynx preservation, experience from various centers on organ preservation strategies as well as applicability of these protocols to developing nations.

  12. Strategies to Address Identified Education Gaps in the Preparation of a National Security Workforce

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    This report will discuss strategies available to address identified gaps and weaknesses in education efforts aimed at the preparation of a skilled and properly trained national security workforce.The need to adequately train and educate a national security workforce is at a critical juncture. Even though there are an increasing number of college graduates in the appropriate fields, many of these graduates choose to work in the private sector because of more desirable salary and benefit packages. This is contributing to an inability to fill vacant positions at NNSA resulting from high personnel turnover from the large number of retirements. Further, many of the retirees are practically irreplaceable because they are Cold War scientists that have experience and expertise with nuclear weapons.

  13. Strategies for International Cooperation in Support of Energy Development in Pacific Island Nations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Miller, M.; Voss, P.; Warren, A.; Baring-Gould, I.; Conrad, M.


    The U.S. Department of Energy's National Renewable Energy Laboratory (NREL) has been partnering with island communities around the world to address the technical, policy, social, and economic hurdles to deploying energy efficiency and renewable energy technologies (RETs) on small, islanded systems. The lessons learned from these partnerships are briefly summarized in this document with the goal of supporting the International Renewable Energy Agency (IRENA) in the development of specific near-term and longer-term strategies for island RET deployment.

  14. Basic science and energy research sector profile: Background for the National Energy Strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    March, F.; Ashton, W.B.; Kinzey, B.R.; McDonald, S.C.; Lee, V.E.


    This Profile report provides a general perspective on the role of basic science in the spectrum of research and development in the United States, and basic research's contributions to the goals of the National Energy Strategy (NES). It includes selected facts, figures, and analysis of strategic issues affecting the future of science in the United States. It is provided as background for people from government, the private sector, academia, and the public, who will be reviewing the NES in the coming months; and it is intended to serve as the basis for discussion of basic science issues within the context of the developing NES.

  15. The impact of a national caries strategy in Greenland after 4 years

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ekstrand, Kim R; Qvist, Vibeke


    AIMS: (1) To describe dental health - and financial goals to be achieved with a national caries strategy in Greenland (CSG) implemented in 2008; (2) to describe the principles of CSG; (3) to report caries outcome data for the 3-and 9-year-olds in 1996, in 2008 (baseline), and in 2012; and (4...... on predetermined visits/examinations, risk-related visits, oral health promotion, and predetermined fluoride and sealing policies. Ad (3) 75% and 88% of the total cohorts of 3- and 9-year-olds in 2012 were recorded, respectively. Seventy-six percent of the 3-year-olds showed defs = 0 in 2012 compared to 64...

  16. National variation in transfusion strategies in patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Steinthorsdottir, Kristin J; Svenningsen, Peter; Fabricius, Rasmus;


    INTRODUCTION: An optimal transfusion strategy for patients with upper gastrointestinal bleeding (UGIB) has yet to be established. The national guidelines contain recommendations for patients with life-threating bleeding in general, but no specific recommendations for patients with UGIB. We...... in Denmark in order to discover regional differences. RESULTS: A total of 5,292 admissions with treatment for non-variceal UGIB were identified, and analysis was made for the total group and a massive transfusions group (330 admissions). In the Capital Region, transfusion of platelets was more likely than...

  17. Soft power as part of China's strategy for national image cultivation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Overgaard, Signe

    In recent years soft power has become a key issue at the highest political level in China, focusing especially on cultural soft power. This is reflected in important political documents, such as five year plans, plenum meeting summaries, as well as speeches by Hu Jintao and other politicians...... in Qiu Shi to find out how the concepts of soft power and national image together are being built into a discourse of strengthening China’s cultural identity. Various interpretations on how China’s soft power strategy is connected to her self-image may follow from this analysis, the question however...

  18. Energy efficiency in Serbia national energy efficiency program: Strategy and priorities for the future

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oka Simeon


    Full Text Available Energy system in Serbia, in the whole energy chain, from exploitation of primary energy sources, transformations in electric power plants and district heating plants, energy (electric and heat transmission and distribution to final users, and up to final energy consumption, is faced with a number of irrational and inefficient behavior and processes. In order to fight with such situation National Energy Efficiency Program, financed by the Ministry of Science and Environmental Protection has been founded in 2001. Basic facts about status of energy sector in Serbia, with special emphasis on the energy efficiency and use of renewable energy sources have been given in the review paper published in the issue No. 2, 2006 of this journal. In present paper new strategy and priorities of the National Energy Efficiency Program for the future period from 2006 to 2008, and beyond, is presented. This strategy and priorities are mainly based on the same concept and principles as previous, but new reality and new and more simulative economic and financial environment in energy sector made by the Energy low (accepted by Parliament in 2004 and Strategy of Development of Energy Sector in Republic Serbia up to 2015 (accepted by the Parliament in May 2005, have been taken into account. Also, responsibilities that are formulated in the Energy Community Treaty signed by the South-East European countries, and also coming from documents and directives of the European Community and Kyoto Protocol are included in new strategy. Once again necessity of legislative framework and influence of regulations and standards, as well as of the governmental support, has been pointed out if increased energy efficiency and increased use of renewable energy sources are expected. .

  19. [National planning of health policy in Brazil: strategies and instruments in the 2000s]. (United States)

    Machado, Cristiani Vieira; Baptista, Tatiana Wargas de Faria; de Lima, Luciana Dias


    This paper discusses the national planning of health policy between 2003 and 2010, in the light of the development of state planning in Brazil and Lula's administration. Firstly an historical overview is presented of the key moments for national planning, regarding its effects on health care. The governmental context is then described with a review of the strategies and instruments in health planning over recent years. The methodology involved a bibliographic and documental review - including the Multi-year Plans, the National Health Plan, the Health Pact and the More Health program - considering their intention, contents and development processes. The results indicate that national health planning has been condensed in order to enable better direction of the policy. Two key moments in federal health planning were identified: between 2003 and 2006 a managerial and participative line was followed; between 2007 and 2010, the managerial line was kept allied to an effort to tie health policy to the development model. Despite the advances, health planning has displayed limitations, such as: restrictions in health financing, which has compromised the execution of the plans; failure to tackle structural problems in the health care system; and the fragile territorial organization.

  20. National Security Strategy 2015 – a Step towards the New Phase of Russia’s Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Aleksandrovich Ilyin


    Full Text Available December 31, 2015, Russian President Vladimir Putin signed the new National Security Strategy. Having analysed the key provisions of this document, we conclude that this event can be regarded as a new and historically significant step toward the strengthening of the Russian statehood and transition to a new stage of development. The National Security Strategy–2015 stipulates that “the implementation of the government policy of the Russian Federation in the sphere of national security is carried out through the concerted actions of all the elements of its system under the supervision of the President of the Russian Federation and with the coordinating role of the Security Cou ncil of the Russian Federation”. Thus, the President takes on personal responsibility for ensuring the implementation of priority directions of state policy in the sphere of national security, and this is not only a timely step, it also demonstrates Vladimir Putin’s ability to assume the historical role of leader when Russia experiences hard times


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelly Anatolyevna Galaktionova


    Full Text Available Article purpose – studying of educational strategy of the Russian Federation in the conditions of the amplifying migratory streams. In article are considered distinction in treatment of the concept «national school» during the modern and Soviet period. It is claimed that during the Soviet period the concept «national school» meant school for non-russian pupils, now the concept «national school» is applied as concept of the public Russian school. The author in a new way considers the value of introduction of the unified state examination. The positive role of the unified state examination for formation of the general educational space of Russia out of an ethnic framework is no-ted. The author speaks about need of the appeal to the international experience of education and adaptation of migrants, change of a state policy concerning education of migrants that is reflected in a number of documents, in the Concept of a development of education is noted. In article the assessment of the leading role of comprehensive school in formation of ethnic and national and state identity in modern conditions is given.

  2. Community outreach and engagement strategies from the Wisconsin Study Center of the National Children's Study. (United States)

    Riesch, Susan K; Ngui, Emmanuel M; Ehlert, Carey; Miller, M Katie; Cronk, Christine A; Leuthner, Steven; Strehlow, Mary; Hewitt, Jeanne B; Durkin, Maureen S


    The purpose of this methods article was to describe and evaluate outreach and engagement strategies designed to initially build county-wide awareness and support for the National Children's Study (NCS or the study) and subsequently to target the segment communities where recruitment for the study occurred. Selected principles from community outreach, social marketing, and health care system and personal referral formed the foundation for the strategies. The strategies included a celebration event, community advisory board, community needs assessment, building relationships with health care providers and systems, eliciting a network of study supporters, newsletters, appearances at local young family-oriented events (health fairs, parades), presentations to local community leaders, community forums, "branding" with assistance from a women-owned local marketing firm, and mailings including an oversized, second-touch postcard. Six months after study launch, approximately 4,600 study-eligible women were asked in a door-to-door survey if and how they became aware of the study. On average, 40% of eligible women reported being aware of the study. The most frequently cited strategy to cultivate their awareness was study-specific mailings. Awareness of the NCS increased by 7.5% among those receiving a second-touch postcard relative to controls (95% CIs [4.9, 10.7] z = 5.347, p strategies, in particular the oversized postcard as a second-touch effort, may be used effectively by researchers for participant recruitment and by public health nurses for delivery of important population-focused messages.

  3. The impact of assignment strategy on the performance of postgraduate trainees: An analysis of the assessment scores database in a military medicine system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shih-Hung Tsai


    Full Text Available Background: Medical students who graduate after 2003 need to participate in the "Postgraduate Primary Care Medical Training Program," provided by the Taiwan Joint Commission on Hospital Accreditation. We wish to know how the education and assignment strategy influences National Defense Medical Center (NDMC graduates. We examined whether the performance of postgraduate year (PGY trainees would be affected by the assignment strategies. Materials and Methods: We consecutively collected 173 NDMC graduated trainees who participated in 6-months of PGY training and another 94 trainees who participated for 1-year. During the training period, all the trainees were evaluated by several assessment tools. Trainees were dichotomized according to the levels of dispatched hospitals and preassigned specialty, respectively, to evaluate those effects on the performance of the 6-month PGY training period. Results: We describe the assessment scores of NDMC graduate M.D. trainees engaged in the Tri-Service General Hospital (TSGH PGY training program. PGY trainees who were preassigned to TSGH due to better overall averages in medical school had better scores in case-based discussion, mini-clinical evaluation exercise, and direct observation of procedural skills than those who were preassigned to the Regional Teaching Hospitals. There was no statistically significant difference in the overall scores. The preassigned specialties themselves did not affect the performance in PGY training. Incorporation of PGY scores in the assignment strategy significantly elevated the performance of PGY trainees who were dispatched to TSGH. Conclusion: The accumulated PGY training database provides educators a unique opportunity in reviewing the effects of education policies and strategies. Assignment strategy could affect the performance of PGY trainees during their training period.

  4. Military Government (United States)


    Public finance -------------------~·---------------------22 Civilian protection -------------------------------------23 Public health and sanitation...22. PUBLIC. ~INANCE.~q. Basic "planning data for public finance in- clude-- (1) ·rrax·ation systems: - .(2)- ~ethods of_tpaking appropriations.- ( 3...Probable ·adequacy- of public funds. (.4) Administrative .. _ organization for_ public finance sections. b. Military government -staff sections

  5. Use of Secondary Building Materials in EU - Different National Strategies; Anvaendning av restprodukter inom EU - Olika nationella strategier

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jansson, Gunilla; Wilhelmsson, Anna (Ramboell Sverige AB, Goeteborg (Sweden))


    The aim of this report is to show how use of waste/secondary building materials/aggregates for construction purposes is managed in 8 different countries within the European Union. A short review is done how national legislations and guidelines support, and restrict, reuse in an environmentally responsible way, and experiences from and control of some construction purposes. Different national strategies are used in the studied countries, depending on their previous experiences of reuse of secondary building materials, natural conditions and energy systems, and administrative traditions. In general the actual regulations are built on high demands on protection of water and soil resources and protection of health and environment, with the pronounced aim of supporting waste reuse for construction purposes. In most countries regulations of environmentally controlled use of secondary building materials contains these elements as a basis: - Inert waste are often free for construction use; - Specific waste fractions are allowed; - Specified use is defined; - Different material categories might be used/prescribed for different purposes; - Ashes of different origin is an important source for secondary aggregates; - Quality control of materials and construction is essential; - Specified precaution or remediation are prescribed, according to the purpose; - Reporting or simplified permit processes are prescribed. There is generally a specific regulation concerning use of secondary materials. If used in other circumstances than prescribed/listed, it will normally need a regular environmental permit process. Important experiences are that proper design and control of the construction is essential, based on know-how, research and feed-back from experience. It exists a broad base of knowledge in the studied European countries, including material properties, leaching behaviour and testing methods for a wide range of materials. Many successful ways of promoting cooperation between

  6. The role of National Strategies in maintaining Competitive Edge in Information and Communication Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Popoviciu


    Full Text Available This paper examines the economical impact of IPv6, Internet Protocol's next generation. Technically, IPv6 represents an upgrade, an evolution that offers the resources necessary for deeper and wider market penetration of the IP technology, to support the needs of a global economy, to build new products and new services. Politically and economically it has the potential of being a quiet revolution. Countries that trailed US into the information revolution recognize this opportunity to take a leading role in its next expansion phase and have developed national strategies to help better position their respective economies. Despite understanding the constraints imposed by the current version of IP, the private sector is currently inclined to largely ignore IPv6 because of its initial deployment costs and long term returns. Forced by high investor expectations to focus exclusively on the immediate bottom line it trades long term growth opportunities for short term benefits revolving around productivity increases. The paper analyses the importance of a National Strategy in driving IPv6 adoption and in closing a widening knowledge and deployment gap between US and countries such as China, Japan, Korea and the EU.

  7. Conservation Strategy of Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Lestari


    Full Text Available Rafflesia zollingeriana Koorders is a protected, rare, and endemic plants to Meru Betiri National Park.  However, its population was declined.  So, the study was focused on the analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of conservation of R. zollingeriana to recommend some conservation's strategy and programs. This study was conducted at Meru Betiri National Park and its surrounding 5 villages. Data were collected by interviews, survey, observations, and literature studies. Qualitative data was analyzed by reduction, presentation and drawing conclusions simultaneously, while the quantitative data was analyzed descriptively. Matrix for SWOT analysis was processed by SPSS 16. The result showed that there were 4 elements that identified as strength, 5 elements that identified as weakness, 5 elements that identified as opportunity and 4 elements that identified as threat. The internal factor's value was higher than the external factor. The result of the SWOT analysis indicated that it needs aggresive strategy through collaboration among stakeholders to optimize both strength and opportunites. While the recommended program are: socialization the importance of R. zollingeriana conservation and developing a collaborative R. zollingeriana ecotourism.Keywords: collaboration, ecotourism, stakeholder, SWOT analysis

  8. Conservation Strategy of Rafflesia zollingeriana Koord in Meru Betiri National Park, East Java

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Lestari


    Full Text Available Rafflesia zollingeriana Koorders is a protected, rare, and endemic plants to Meru Betiri National Park. However, its population was declined. So, the study was focused on the analysis of the strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats of conservation of R. zollingeriana to recommend some conservation's strategy and programs. This study was conducted at Meru Betiri National Park and its surrounding 5 villages. Data were collected by interviews, survey, observations, and literature studies. Qualitative data was analyzed by reduction, presentation and drawing conclusions simultaneously, while the quantitative data was analyzed descriptively. Matrix for SWOT analysis was processed by SPSS 16. The result showed that there were 4 elements that identified as strength, 5 elements that identified as weakness, 5 elements that identified as opportunity and 4 elements that identified as threat. The internal factor's value was higher than the external factor. The result of the SWOT analysis indicated that it needs aggresive strategy through collaboration among stakeholders to optimize both strength and opportunites. While the recommended program are: socialization the importance of R. zollingeriana conservation and developing a collaborative R. zollingeriana ecotourism.

  9. The role of National Strategies in maintaining Competitive Edge in Information and Communication Technologies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ciprian Popoviciu


    Full Text Available This paper examines the economical impact of IPv6, Internet Protocol's next generation. Technically, IPv6 represents an upgrade, an evolution that offers the resources necessary for deeper and wider market penetration of the IP technology, to support the needs of a global economy, to build new products and new services. Politically and economically it has the potential of being a quiet revolution. Countries that trailed US into the information revolution recognize this opportunity to take a leading role in its next expansion phase and have developed national strategies to help better position their respective economies. Despite understanding the constraints imposed by the current version of IP, the private sector is currently inclined to largely ignore IPv6 because of its initial deployment costs and long term returns. Forced by high investor expectations to focus exclusively on the immediate bottom line it trades long term growth opportunities for short term benefits revolving around productivity increases. The paper analyses the importance of a National Strategy in driving IPv6 adoption and in closing a widening knowledge and deployment gap between US and countries such as China, Japan, Korea and the EU.

  10. OISE/UT Evaluation of the Implementation of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies. Summary: First Annual Report. Watching & Learning. (United States)

    Earl, Lorna; Fullan, Michael; Leithwood, Ken; Watson, Nancy

    The National Literacy and the National Numeracy Strategies (NLNS) are part of the British government's major education reform initiative, an attempt to significantly raise standards of achievement in schools. This report is a summary of the first annual report from the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education of the University of Toronto…

  11. Empowered? Evaluating Japan's national energy strategy under the DPJ administration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Valentine, Scott, E-mail: [Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP), University of Tokyo, 620 Administration Bureau Building No. 2, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan); Sovacool, Benjamin K., E-mail: [Lee Kuan Yew School of Public Policy, National University of Singapore, 02-03J Oei Tiong Ham Building, 469C Bukit Timah Road, Singapore 259772 (Singapore); Matsuura, Masahiro, E-mail: [Graduate School of Public Policy (GraSPP), University of Tokyo, 620 Administration Bureau Building No. 2, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033 (Japan)


    In August 2009, after 54 years of virtually unbroken rule, Japan's Liberal Democratic Party (LDP) was ousted from power by the Democratic Party of Japan (DPJ). The DPJ's campaign platform included a pledge to facilitate extreme reductions in greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions. Yet, at the COP16 meeting in Cancun, Japan announced that it would not accept further emission reduction targets without broader commitment from all nations. This paper seeks to explain this dichotomy by employing a targeted stakeholder evaluation based on surveys with 321 Japanese citizens to assess the extent to which influential stakeholder groups in Japan supports a potentially costly transition to a low-carbon energy infrastructure amidst severe economic challenges that the nation faces. Findings help explain Japan's adversarial role in COP16 negotiations in Cancun, despite the stated GHG reduction ambitions of Japan's current ruling party. The analysis concludes that if the DPJ does embrace aggressive CO{sub 2} reduction targets in the future, the strategic focus will likely mirror the former ruling party's energy policy of bolstering nuclear power generation capacity and promoting energy efficiency improvements while exhibiting lukewarm commitment to supporting capacity development in alternative sources of energy supply such as solar panels and wind turbines. - Research highlights: {yields} Public consensus exists regarding which energy policy goals are important in Japan. {yields} Minor perceptual differences are not of a catalytic nature. {yields} Public consensus does not deviate significantly from past LDP energy policy. {yields} Unlikely that the DPJ will pursue costly energy transition initiatives. {yields} Likely that the DPJ energy strategy will be substantively similar to LDP strategy. {yields} Any differences in strategy will focus on CO{sub 2} reduction magnitude not substance.

  12. Strategies used by hospital nurses to cope with a national crisis: a manager's perspective. (United States)

    Hendel, T; Fish, M; Aboudi, S


    This article explores the anxiety level of, and coping strategies used by, hospital nurses, during a national state of emergency. The study was guided by a stress and coping framework, developed by Lazarus & Folkman, and was conducted at a large teaching hospital, located in the centre of Israel, during the Iraqi crisis in January and February, 1998. Data were collected from a sample of 100 female nurses, and a descriptive correlational design was used. The findings indicated that approximately 33% of the nurses expressed feelings of stress, tension and a sense of discomfort. The dominant coping strategy used by the nurses was direct-active, which was found to be the most effective strategy. As they were unable to remove or control the stressor, stress management intervention by nursing managers focused mainly on communicating with staff and providing social support - informational and emotional--to buffer the stressful experience. Providing support and help in finding practical solutions is important for maintaining emotional stability of staff, thereby helping them to improve their nursing interventions in assisting people to cope with stressful situations.

  13. Code development of the national hemovigilance system and expansion strategies for hospital blood banks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kim Jeongeun


    Full Text Available Objectives : The aims of this study were to develop reportable event codes that are applicable to the national hemovigilance systems for hospital blood banks, and to present expansion strategies for the blood banks. Materials and Methods : The data were obtained from a literature review and expert consultation, followed by adding to and revising the established hemovigilance code system and guidelines to develop reportable event codes for hospital blood banks. The Medical Error Reporting System-Transfusion Medicine developed in the US and other codes of reportable events were added to the Korean version of the Biologic Products Deviation Report (BPDR developed by the Korean Red Cross Blood Safety Administration, then using these codes, mapping work was conducted. We deduced outcomes suitable for practice, referred to the results of the advisory councils, and conducted a survey with experts and blood banks practitioners. Results : We developed reportable event codes that were applicable to hospital blood banks and could cover blood safety - from blood product safety to blood transfusion safety - and also presented expansion strategies for hospital blood banks. Conclusion : It was necessary to add 10 major categories to the blood transfusion safety stage and 97 reportable event codes to the blood safety stage. Contextualized solutions were presented on 9 categories of expansion strategies of hemovigilance system for the hospital blood banks.

  14. Civilian Health and Medical Program of the Uniformed Services (CHAMPUS)/TRICARE: Refills of Maintenance Medications Through Military Treatment Facility Pharmacies or National Mail Order Pharmacy Program. Final rule. (United States)


    This final rule implements section 702 (c) of the Carl Levin and Howard P. "Buck" McKeon National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 which states that beginning October 1, 2015, the pharmacy benefits program shall require eligible covered beneficiaries generally to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. An interim final rule is in effect. Section 702(c) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2015 also terminates the TRICARE For Life Pilot Program on September 30, 2015. The TRICARE For Life Pilot Program described in section 716(f) of the National Defense Authorization Act for Fiscal Year 2013, was a pilot program which began in March 2014 requiring TRICARE For Life beneficiaries to refill non-generic prescription maintenance medications through military treatment facility pharmacies or the national mail-order pharmacy program. TRICARE for Life beneficiaries are those enrolled in the Medicare wraparound coverage option of the TRICARE program. This rule includes procedures to assist beneficiaries in transferring covered prescriptions to the mail order pharmacy program.

  15. A Strategy for Thailand's Space Technology Development: National Space Program (NSP) (United States)

    Pimnoo, Ammarin; Purivigraipong, Somphop


    The Royal Thai Government has established the National Space Policy Committee (NSPC) with mandates for setting policy and strategy. The NSPC is considering plans and budget allocation for Thai space development. NSPC's goal is to promote the utilization of space technology in a manner that is congruent with the current situation and useful for the economy, society, science, technology, educational development and national security. The first proposed initiative of the National Space Program (NSP) is co-development of THEOS-2, a next-generation satellite system that includes Thailand's second and third earth observation satellite (THAICHOTE-2 and THAICHOTE-3). THEOS-1 or THAICHOTE-1 was the first Earth Observation Satellite of Thailand launched in 2008. At present, the THAICHOTE-1 is over the lifetime, therefore the THEOS-2 project has been established. THEOS-2 is a complete Earth Observation System comprising THAICHOTE-2&3 as well as ground control segment and capacity building. Thus, NSPC has considered that Thailand should manage the space system. Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency (GISTDA) has been assigned to propose the initiative National Space Program (NSP). This paper describes the strategy of Thailand's National Space Program (NSP) which will be driven by GISTDA. First, NSP focuses on different aspects of the utilization of space on the basis of technology, innovation, knowledge and manpower. It contains driving mechanisms related to policy, implementation and use in order to promote further development. The Program aims to increase economic competitiveness, reduce social disparity, and improve social security, natural resource management and environmental sustainability. The NSP conceptual framework includes five aspects: communications satellites, earth observation satellite systems, space economy, space exploration and research, and NSP administration. THEOS-2 is considered a part of NSP with relevance to the earth observation

  16. 32 CFR 644.522 - Clearance of military scrap. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Clearance of military scrap. 644.522 Section 644... Excess Land and Improvements § 644.522 Clearance of military scrap. Military scrap can contain or be... determining whether scrap metal will be removed should be the safety of persons coming on the land in...

  17. Military Veterans' Midlife Career Transition and Life Satisfaction (United States)

    Robertson, Heather C.; Brott, Pamelia E.


    Many military veterans face the challenging transition to civilian employment. Military veteran members of a national program, Troops to Teachers, were surveyed regarding life satisfaction and related internal/external career transition variables. Participants included military veterans who were currently or had previously transitioned to K-12…

  18. 32 CFR 634.16 - Reciprocal state-military action. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Reciprocal state-military action. 634.16 Section... Reciprocal state-military action. (a) Commanders will recognize the interests of the states in matters of POV... formal military reciprocity, the procedures below will be adopted: (1) Commanders will recognize...

  19. 32 CFR 635.20 - Military Police Codes (MPC). (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military Police Codes (MPC). 635.20 Section 635... ENFORCEMENT AND CRIMINAL INVESTIGATIONS LAW ENFORCEMENT REPORTING Offense Reporting § 635.20 Military Police... attached military police units are notified for mobilization, relocation, activation, or inactivation....

  20. 7 CFR 3550.158 - Active military duty. (United States)


    ... include participation in a military reserve or the National Guard unless the borrower is called to active... 7 Agriculture 15 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Active military duty. 3550.158 Section 3550.158... AGRICULTURE DIRECT SINGLE FAMILY HOUSING LOANS AND GRANTS Regular Servicing § 3550.158 Active military...

  1. 32 CFR 154.15 - Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (United States)


    ... active duty of any officer or enlisted regular/reserve military retiree or Individual Ready Reserve who... 32 National Defense 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military appointment, enlistment, and induction... Requirements § 154.15 Military appointment, enlistment, and induction. (a) General. The appointment,...

  2. A comparison of ICD-11 and DSM criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder in two national samples of U.S. military veterans. (United States)

    Wisco, Blair E; Marx, Brian P; Miller, Mark W; Wolf, Erika J; Krystal, John H; Southwick, Steven M; Pietrzak, Robert H


    The proposed ICD-11 criteria for posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) differ substantially from the DSM-5. ICD-11 eliminated several PTSD symptoms thought to be nonspecific, with the goal of reducing psychiatric comorbidities. However, this change also results in a narrower PTSD definition that may fail to capture individuals with clinically significant PTSD. The purpose of the current study was to compare prevalence and psychiatric comorbidities of DSM (IV/5) and ICD-11 PTSD. We evaluated concordance between DSM (IV/5) and ICD-11 PTSD diagnoses in a web survey of two nationally representative samples of U.S. military veterans (ns = 3517 and 1484). Lifetime and past-month PTSD symptoms were assessed with the DSM-IV-based PTSD Checklist-Specific Stressor version and the DSM-5-based PTSD Checklist-5. Psychiatric comorbidities were assessed using MINI Neuropsychiatric Interview modules. A significantly greater proportion of veterans met criteria for lifetime and past-month PTSD under DSM-IV/5 than under ICD-11. 21.8-35.9% of those who met criteria under DSM IV/5 did not meet under ICD-11, whereas only 2.4-7.1% of those who met under ICD-11 did not meet under DSM-IV/5. Psychiatric comorbidities did not significantly differ between DSM-IV/5 and ICD-11. This study relied upon self-report measures of PTSD, distress/impairment, and psychiatric comorbidities. The proposed ICD-11 criteria identify fewer PTSD cases than DSM-IV/5 without reducing psychiatric comorbidities. Veterans with clinically significant PTSD symptoms may not meet ICD-11 PTSD criteria, possibly affecting eligibility for healthcare, disability, and other services. The ICD-11 criteria could be revised to capture more PTSD cases before ICD-11 is published in 2018. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  3. 军校学员和国防生入伍体检的体会%Experience of Physical Examination about Military Academy and National Defense Student

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠; 孙玺荣; 罗克品


    军队学员、国防生入伍体检是确保地方合格青年进入部队的一个重要环节,做好体检工作至关重要.为了保证体检工作的质量,医院成立了由医院领导负责的专门组织,由中级以上专业技术职务人员组成体检团队,运用单队列串行服务模式,在实践中形成了一套较完善的体检制度与操作规程,以“严、准、快”为内涵,保证所选拔的学员无一例被退返.%Physical examination of military academy and national defense students is an important step for a youth to be a real soldier. So, a good work for physical examination is very necessary. In order to do a better serv-ice , better management led by the leaders in our hospital, better team made up by intermediate professional titles at least and service mode of serial single - queue were put into practice. As a result, a perfect system and routine practice with the content of "exacting" ,"preciseness" and "speed" was being built up, which ensured no one cho-sen by our hospital was return to examination by higher authority.

  4. Military Strategy of Global Jihad (United States)


    Che in Bolivia (San Salvador: n.p., 1968), 244-246, quoted in Donald C. Hodges, The Legacy of Che Guevara: A Documentary Study (London: Thames and... Hudson , 1977), 101. 61 The Political Commission of the Communist Party of El Salvador, 100-101. 62 The global jihadis face a particular challenge in

  5. Dilemmas of Polish Military Strategy (United States)


    Stanislaw Koziej, Teoria Sztuki Wojenne, (Warsw: Wydawnictwo Bellona, 1993),105-109. 49 William S. Lind. Maneuver Warfare Handbook. (Boulder, Colorado...Printing Office, June 2000), 1-3. 64 Stanislaw Koziej. Teoria Sztuki Wojennej (The Theory of Art of War) (Warszawa: Wydawnictwo Bellona, 1993), 105-109

  6. The use of prosthetic grafts in complex military vascular trauma: a limb salvage strategy for patients with severely limited autologous conduit. (United States)

    Vertrees, Amy; Fox, Charles J; Quan, Reagan W; Cox, Mitchell W; Adams, Eric D; Gillespie, David L


    The use of prosthetic grafts for reconstruction of military vascular trauma has been consistently discouraged. In the current conflict, however, the signature wound involves multiple extremities with significant loss of soft tissue and potential autogenous venous conduits. We reviewed the experience with the use of prosthetic grafts for the treatment of vascular injuries sustained during recent conflicts in Iraq and Afghanistan. Trauma registry records with combat-related vascular injuries repaired using prosthetic grafts were retrospectively reviewed from March 2003 to April 2006. Data collected included age, gender, mechanism of injury, vessel injured, conduit, graft patency, complications, including amputation and eventual outcome of repair. Prosthetic grafts were placed in 14 of 95 (15%) patients undergoing extremity bypass for vascular injuries. Patients were men with an average age of 25 years (range, 19-39 years). All prosthetic grafts in this series were made of polytetrafluoroethylene. Mechanism of injury included blast (n = 6), gunshot wounds (n = 6), and blunt trauma (n = 2), resulting in prosthetic repair of injuries to the superficial femoral (n = 8), brachial (n = 3), common carotid (n = 1), subclavian (n = 1), and axillary (n = 1) arteries. Mean evacuation time from injury to stateside arrival was 7 days (range, 3-9 days). Twelve grafts were placed initially at the time of injury, and two after vein graft blow out with secondary hemorrhage. The mean follow-up period was 427 days (range, 49-1,285 days). Seventy-nine percent of prosthetic grafts stayed patent in the short term, allowing patient stabilization, transport to a stateside facility, and elective revascularization with the remaining autologous vein graft. Three prosthetic grafts were replaced urgently for thrombosis. The remaining seven grafts were replaced electively for severe stenosis (3) or exposure (4) with presumed infection. There were no prosthetic graft blow outs or deaths in this

  7. Developing the national community health assistant strategy in Zambia: a policy analysis. (United States)

    Zulu, Joseph Mumba; Kinsman, John; Michelo, Charles; Hurtig, Anna-Karin


    In 2010, the Ministry of Health in Zambia developed the National Community Health Assistant strategy, aiming to integrate community health workers (CHWs) into national health plans by creating a new group of workers, called community health assistants (CHAs). The aim of the paper is to analyse the CHA policy development process and the factors that influenced its evolution and content. A policy analysis approach was used to analyse the policy reform process. Data were gathered through review of documents, participant observation and key informant interviews with CHA strategic team members in Lusaka district, and senior officials at the district level in Kapiri Mposhi district where some CHAs have been deployed. The strategy was developed in order to address the human resources for health shortage and the challenges facing the community-based health workforce in Zambia. However, some actors within the strategic team were more influential than others in informing the policy agenda, determining the process, and shaping the content. These actors negotiated with professional/statutory bodies and health unions on the need to develop the new cadre which resulted in compromises that enabled the policy process to move forward. International agencies also indirectly influenced the course as well as the content of the strategy. Some actors classified the process as both insufficiently consultative and rushed. Due to limited consultation, it was suggested that the policy content did not adequately address key policy content issues such as management of staff attrition, general professional development, and progression matters. Analysis of the process also showed that the strategy might create a new group of workers whose mandate is unclear to the existing group of health workers. This paper highlights the complex nature of policy-making processes for integrating CHWs into the health system. It reiterates the need for recognising the fact that actors' power or position in the

  8. British Military Strategy and Sub-Saharan African Colonial Retreat(1945-1964)%英国军事战略与黑非洲殖民撤退(1945-1964年)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)



    The post-war British Government fully affirmed the strategic position of Sub-Saharan Africa,and tired to make it a logistic base in support of the global war.In order to safeguard their own interests,when unable to suppress the national liberation movement,the British government would make use of its military agreements,change the organizational forms of the governments and military institutions,choose colonial parties and monopolise officer positions and employ mili-tary means to intervene.%战后的英国政府充分肯定了黑非洲殖民地的战略地位,力图将黑非洲建设成全球战争的后勤支援基地。当无力镇压民族解放运动之时,为了维护自己的利益,英国政府既利用军事协议,变更政府和军事机构组织形式,选择移交政权党派和垄断军官职位等手段,又选择性地利用军事干预手段。

  9. Vulnerability assessment and strategies for the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge and Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Complex : Final report (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report provides the results of the Refuge Vulnerability Assessment (RVA) for the Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge and Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge...


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edelmiro Jose De Deus


    Full Text Available Nino Coni Santana National Park had been suffered by illegal logging, and other activities that are not environmenknowleage. Lack of a security and knowledgeabout forest also contributeto increasethe damage of Nino Coni Santana National Park (1The purpose of this research is to determine management strategy of Nino Coni National Park due to illegal logging in the area Tutuala and Mehara village at Tutuala sub-district,Lautem district, Timor Leste and determine management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park. Public perception obtained through questionnaires with purpose sampling method. The formula of management strategy for the damage in Nino Coni Santana National park use SWOT analysis to identify internal and external factors. The level of damage known by identifiy thearea due damaged by illegal logging.(2 The results showed that the damage by illegal logging at Nino Coni Santana national park caused because people are not involved in management of Nino Coni Santana National Park. The problems are illegal logging, encroachment,of forest, slash the wood harting wild animals, lack organization,andillegal grazing.(3 The management strategy of Nino Coni Santana National Park based on local culture, the establishment of a special UPTD that manage Coni Nino Santana forests, HKM and tourism programs, public development programs and cooperation of local people in order to utilize, surveillance and patrolling forests. In order to develop local knowledge as a base inNino Coni Santana National park,through HKM and tourism, Public socialization about the importance of forest. To measure the success of this management,should do monitoring, controlling andevaluation periodically by the government and involve the local people around Nino Cono Santana National Park.

  11. (Inter Actions for a new national order. The political experience of San Juan based on the “Military District of the West” and Congress during the "Confederation" (1855-1858

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Laura Lanteri


    Full Text Available The purpose is to extend the analytical terms on the process of building of "Confederation" political and institutional national system (1852-1862, considering the relationships between central power and San Juan province. We analyze negotiation and conflict interactions that developed San Juan policy among 1855 and 1858, based in the study of a national institution: the “Circunscripción Militar del Oeste”/"Military District of the West”. We study the reciprocal articulation of central power in the provincial space and the main local and regional cleavages and events that were generated in that process. We attend to the interaction between the Leader of the Military District Nazario Benavides, the Governors of San Juan and the national legislature and executive. Moreover, we concentrate on the provincial political institutionalization process, with emphasis on the enactment of the constitution. For this, we also analyze the Congress placed in the capital of the “Confederation”, as other institutional site of crystallization of the provincial and national political alliances and conflicts studied


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercedes Nicolás Lizama


    Full Text Available This article aims to provide a contribution to the process of implementation of the National Roma Integration Strategy 2012-2020 and the impact on improving discrimination and social inclusion of this group. Four years have passed since its launch and, pending the evaluation report that will be made at the end of 2016, the forecast based on interim reports by the European Commission, the Spanish Government and Roma organizations such as FSG, it is not satisfactory enough. The areas related to education, employment, housing and discrimination remain being the least advanced. Despite the existence of improvements, they still need to intensify the efforts to combat discrimination and improve the integration of Roma population.

  13. Implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in the strategy of national economy development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dmytro Lukianenko


    Full Text Available This paper studies the knowledge economy paradigm and the factors of its influence on the development of national economies in the context of transformation of the global competitive environment. It has been methodologically identified the basic categories and concepts concerning the determination of key factors and parameters of modern economic systems. It has been proved through the example of South Korea that implementation of the knowledge economy paradigm in long-term strategies initiated and supported by the state provides new opportunities of socio-economic progress. The basic problems of innovation-driven development of Ukraine’s economy through an assessment of its readiness to transition to the knowledge economy, compared with South Korea. The latter’s experience, despite the objective limitations, is regarded as an example of strategic success in formation of a creative innovation system.

  14. Vaginal Radical Trachelectomy for early stage cervical cancer. Results of the Danish National Single Center Strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hauerberg, L; Høgdall, C; Loft, A


    with the purpose of increasing volume, to increase surgical safety and facilitate follow-up. METHODS: Prospective data were recorded in the Danish Gynecological Cancer Database of all Vaginal Radical Trachelectomies (VRT) performed in Denmark between 2002 and 2013. Oncologic, fertility and obstetrical outcomes......OBJECTIVE: To present and evaluate an unselected national single center strategy with fertility preserving trachelectomy in cervical cancer. In 2003 nationwide single-center referral of women for trachelectomies was agreed upon between all Danish departments performing cervical cancer surgery...... referral study confirms the oncological safety of Vaginal Radical Trachelectomy. The complete follow-up regarding reproductive data, reveals a surprisingly extensive need of fertility treatment and due to the rate of prematurity, these pregnancies must be regarded as high-risk pregnancies....

  15. Public health strategies to ensure reduction in suicide incidence in middle and low income nations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saurabh RamBihariLal Shrivastava


    Full Text Available Worldwide, the incidence of suicide has increased at an alarming rate and in the year 2012 close to 1 million people died because of suicide. Although, it is a well-acknowledged fact that suicides are completely preventable, the public health authorities have failed to halt the rising trend of the suicide because of the presence of various social and health related factors. As suicide is a complex issue, in the low and middle-income nations, the most cost-effective approach is to ensure the integration of suicide prevention program into the primary health care network. To conclude, suicide is an important public health concern which is definitively preventable. However, the need of the hour is that all the stakeholders should take collective responsibility, and work in collaboration to develop and implement a comprehensive multi-sectoral suicide prevention strategy.

  16. A National Security Strategy for Sweden: Balancing Risks and Opportunities in the 21st Century (United States)


    attack on Pearl Harbor in 1941. The subsequent military operations in Afghanistan and Iraq have naturally affected NATO’s members and their policy...Comission). Ds 2008:48 Forsvar i anvandning (Employed Armed Forces). Stockholm: Fritzes , 2008. Galula, David. Counterinsurgency Warfare: Theory and

  17. 78 FR 66607 - Military Family Month, 2013 (United States)


    ... United States of America A Proclamation Throughout our Nation's history, an unbroken chain of patriots... their dreams. And let us keep our military families strong and secure. NOW, THEREFORE, I, BARACK OBAMA...

  18. The National Energy Strategy: A balanced program?. Proceedings of the nineteenth annual Illinois energy conference

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)


    The Nineteenth Annual Illinois Energy Conference was held in Chicago, Illinois November 1991. It was organized by the Energy Resources Center, University of Illinois at Chicago with major support provided by the US Environmental Protection Agency, the US Department of Energy, the Illinois Commerce Commission, the Illinois Department of Energy and Natural Resources, and the Citizens Council on Energy Resources. The conference program was developed by a planning committee who drew upon Illinois energy and environmental specialists from the major sectors including energy industries, environmental organizations, research universities, utility companies, federal, state and local government agencies, and public interest groups. The members of the planning committee were brought together for a full-day session where they were asked to assess the political, economic, and social impacts of the proposed National Energy Strategy as it relates to Illinois and the Midwest region. Within this context, the planning committee identified several major issues including: (1) Is the proposed plan a balanced strategy; (2) What are the NES impacts on the transportation sector; (3) What are the opportunities for improved efficiency in the Electric Utility Sector; and (4) What is the role of advanced research and development.

  19. [The management strategy of the Brazilian National Network of Human Milk Banks]. (United States)

    Maia, Paulo Ricardo da Silva; Novak, Franz Reis; Almeida, João Aprígio Guerra de; Silva, Danielle Aparecida da


    The Brazilian National Network of Human Milk Banks (REDEBLH), with its headquarters in the Oswaldo Cruz Foundation in Rio de Janeiro, is experiencing rapid growth. The Network's activity has been acknowledged by the World Health Organization and received the Sasakawa Health Award in 2001 for best public health project. One of the main challenges is to ensure continuing development of competencies to respond to the needs arising from such growth. A new strategy is being pursued to deal with the Network's management issues. This article aims to develop a conceptual framework to contribute to the elaboration of a theoretical framework for new management strategies in the REDEBLH. Using such concepts, the aim is to draw on the typology of networks described in the specialized literature to identify the institutional profile of the REDEBLH. Based on the understanding that it is necessary to identify and understand the processes occurring within networks, and after which to consider management-related issues, the study used a proposal developed for the formation of innovation networks as its analytical tool.

  20. Legitimacy and modernity via policy transfer: the utility of the 2003 Afghan National Drug Control Strategy. (United States)

    Bewley-Taylor, David R


    Very much an exercise in historical reconstruction, this article is concerned with the development of the first version of the Afghan NDCS. It is hoped that this domain of enquiry will contribute to discussions around the 'governance of drug policy' in this special issue of the International Journal of Drug Policy by focusing on how different policy actors operate in influencing the policy process; or parts thereof. More specifically, exploration of the formulation of the Strategy does much to help us understand not only the origins and shifting nature of ownership of drug policy within Afghanistan but also the relationship between the NDCS and the broader normative expectations of what has been referred to as the global drug prohibition regime (Andreas & Nadelmann, 2006, p. 38). As will be discussed, while indisputably the product of a process of policy transfer involving a number of non-Afghan actors - and as such arguably not always appropriate to the peculiarities of the drug market within the country - it can be argued that the 2003 National Drug Control Strategy fulfilled a useful functional role that in many ways exceeded its utility as a guiding document beyond the confines of Kabul. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  1. Developing a national dental education research strategy: priorities, barriers and enablers (United States)

    Barton, Karen L; Dennis, Ashley A; Rees, Charlotte E


    Objectives This study aimed to identify national dental education research (DER) priorities for the next 3–5 years and to identify barriers and enablers to DER. Setting Scotland. Participants In this two-stage online questionnaire study, we collected data with multiple dental professions (eg, dentistry, dental nursing and dental hygiene) and stakeholder groups (eg, learners, clinicians, educators, managers, researchers and academics). Eighty-five participants completed the Stage 1 qualitative questionnaire and 649 participants the Stage 2 quantitative questionnaire. Results Eight themes were identified at Stage 1. Of the 24 DER priorities identified, the top three were: role of assessments in identifying competence; undergraduate curriculum prepares for practice and promoting teamwork. Following exploratory factor analysis, the 24 items loaded onto four factors: teamwork and professionalism, measuring and enhancing performance, dental workforce issues and curriculum integration and innovation. Barriers and enablers existed at multiple levels: individual, interpersonal, institutional structures and cultures and technology. Conclusions This priority setting exercise provides a necessary first step to developing a national DER strategy capturing multiple perspectives. Promoting DER requires improved resourcing alongside efforts to overcome peer stigma and lack of valuing and motivation. PMID:28360237

  2. Public health strategy against overweight and obesity in Mexico's National Agreement for Nutritional Health. (United States)

    Latnovic, L; Rodriguez Cabrera, L


    Overweight and obesity are major world global health challenges of the 21st century. Mexico is not an exception. Approximately 70% of the adult Mexican population has an excessive body weight. The prevalence of obesity and overweight in Mexican school children aged 5-11 is also high: one child in four is overweight. In light of the seriousness of the situation, the solutions for this problem are based on modification of the environments and change of individual habits and behaviors related to nutrition and physical activity. As a result, the Mexican government, public sector and academy established three common goals and 10 priority objectives that are expressed in the National Agreement for Nutritional Health-Strategy to Control Overweight and Obesity. The obesity problem requires interventions and policies that reside outside of the health sector domain, key aspects of this public health policy was agreement among all stakeholders on cross-cutting actions. The best examples of National Agreement's inter-sectorial action implementation is in the school setting and Code of 'Self Regulation' on Advertising of Food and Non-Alcoholic Beverages to Children introduced by the food and beverage industry. The ultimate goal of this national policy is to provide the strategic plan for healthy weight and better health, by promoting healthy lifestyles focused on correct diet and physical activity in all life stages, from pregnancy and early childhood and on into adulthood by a multi stakeholder approach. Although there have been great achievements in some areas of implementation, there are still challenges to confront.

  3. Triage in military settings. (United States)

    Falzone, E; Pasquier, P; Hoffmann, C; Barbier, O; Boutonnet, M; Salvadori, A; Jarrassier, A; Renner, J; Malgras, B; Mérat, S


    Triage, a medical term derived from the French word "trier", is the practical process of sorting casualties to rationally allocate limited resources. In combat settings with limited medical resources and long transportation times, triage is challenging since the objectives are to avoid overcrowding medical treatment facilities while saving a maximum of soldiers and to get as many of them back into action as possible. The new face of modern warfare, asymmetric and non-conventional, has led to the integrative evolution of triage into the theatre of operations. This article defines different triage scores and algorithms currently implemented in military settings. The discrepancies associated with these military triage systems are highlighted. The assessment of combat casualty severity requires several scores and each nation adopts different systems for triage on the battlefield with the same aim of quickly identifying those combat casualties requiring lifesaving and damage control resuscitation procedures. Other areas of interest for triage in military settings are discussed, including predicting the need for massive transfusion, haemodynamic parameters and ultrasound exploration.

  4. [Healthcare of children and adolescents in national strategy for action for children for 2012-2017]. (United States)

    Kuchma, V R


    The National Strategy defines the main directions and objectives of public policy in the interests of children and the key mechanisms for its implementation. The strategy is based on the universally recognized principles and norms of international law. Implementation of the National Strategy will be realized in the following areas: Family Child Welfare Policy, availability to quality education and training, cultural development, and information security of children, child-friendly health care, and healthy lifestyle; equal opportunities for children in need of special care of the State, the creation of protection and safeguarding the rights and interests of children and child-friendly justice, and children - members of the realization of National Strategy. School health care is intended to be actively involved in two directions: availability to quality education and training, cultural development, and information security of children, health care, child-friendly and healthy lifestyle. The main tasks in the part of hygiene and children's health are: state support for the construction of new preschool educational institutions and the development of all forms of safe preschool education, including non-state sector, providing for every upperclassman safe choice of training profile corresponding to his inclinations and life plans, as well as the functional possibilities and health state; providing quality psychological, correctional and pedagogical aid to children in educational institutions; renewal of forms and methods of control of child neglect, drug addiction, alcoholism, crime, prostitution; the development of effective mechanisms in prevention of deviant behavior in childhood; the creation and implementation of training programs for children and adolescents on rules of safety behavior in the World Wide Web, prevention of Internet addiction; the introduction of the system for monitoring of the educational environment; the creation of portals and sites accumulating

  5. Research Notes: Open University and Distance Education Coordination: strategies to consolidate distance education at the National Autonomous University of Mexico



    This case study describes three main strategies used from March 2002 to November 2003 at the Open University and Distance Education Coordination (CUAED) of the National Autonomous University of Mexico (UNAM) to consolidate distance education at the University. The author explains how, in just 18 months, these three main strategies enabled the UNAM to emerge as model of distance education for other public and private institutions in Latin America.

  6. Sense of Place and the National Parks, Strategies for Communicating the Interconnected Nature of Earth Science (United States)

    Vye, E. C.; Rose, W. I.; Huntoon, J. E.; Nash, B. L.


    Using sense of place can help scientists improve their communication of complex concepts related to the connectivity of the environment, geological processes, and human societies. National parks afford excellent examples of places that contain intellectual and emotional stimuli for diverse individuals - in other words, they foster a sense of place. Parks contain spectacular examples of how the processes that shape the earth influence ecosystem and societal development. Parks can therefore be used as outdoor classrooms to engage people in place-based Earth Science education. Incorporating place-based teaching methods can promote learning about Earth’s processes that ensures that a wider audience can be reached than by traditional instructional methods. Specific examples of using national parks on the Colorado Plateau, in the Rocky Mountains and the Keweenaw Peninsula for K-12 teacher training have resulted in a deepening of Earth Science content-area knowledge. The National Parks “Views of the National Park (Views)” multimedia education program can subsequently be used to promote engagement of students in the teachers’ classrooms. Teachers who wish to continue their education as interns in the parks are served by programs such as Geoscientists-in-the-Parks, Volunteers-in-Parks, and Teacher-Ranger-Teacher programs. The Michigan Teaching Excellence Program (MiTEP), multi-year teacher leadership and professional development program is working with middle-grade science teachers from selected urban districts and using the parks of the Midwest as natural classrooms. MiTEP has partnered with the NPS to develop internship opportunities for teachers in the parks. These internships will result in educational materials that can be hosted by “Views”. The goal of the internships are to improve teachers’ understanding of the natural environment and the processes that it reflects, and to assist park personnel in producing materials that are standards-based, age

  7. A U.S. Manufacturing Strategy for the 21st Century: What Policies Yield National Sector Competitiveness?


    Thomas A. HEMPHILL; Perry, Mark J


    The national debate over the fate of U.S. manufacturing is back, with some asking the question: Is manufacturing dead? However, the U.S. manufacturing sector has been making a surprising comeback and added jobs in 2010 and 2011 following 12 straight years of declines. Utilizing economic data, coupled with qualitative manufacturing industry information, offers a unique opportunity for the authors to present a pragmatic and strategic national manufacturing strategy based on the realities of a c...

  8. Counseling and Connecting with the Military Undergraduate: The Intersection of Military Service and University Life (United States)

    Bonar, Ted C.; Domenici, Paula L.


    The majority of military undergraduates at universities are National Guard and Reserve personnel and prior-service military veterans, all difficult to identify on campus. These students face unique cultural challenges. Though the academic literature primarily addresses disability services and administrative programs often focus on "wounded…

  9. Strategies for transforming reproductive healthcare delivery in an integrated healthcare system: a national model with system-wide implications. (United States)

    Zephyrin, Laurie C; Katon, Jodie G; Yano, Elizabeth M


    As the number of women serving in the US military has grown, so too has the number of women using the US Department of Veterans Affairs Healthcare System (VA). This poses tremendous opportunity to integrate reproductive health services across a national healthcare system. This review summarizes the approaches used to assess, rapidly design, and integrate VA's first National Reproductive Health Program. Compared with the civilian population, women Veterans have poorer health status including increased likelihood of medical comorbidities and mental health conditions. Given these complex health needs, a health systems approach that integrates reproductive health with other needs is essential in this vulnerable population. Delivery of high-quality reproductive healthcare must incorporate a systems perspective. Promoting major organizational and cultural change in a national system has required use of an evidence-based strategic framework, which has relied on several key tenets including the following: understanding the population of women Veterans served, developing research-clinical partnerships, building interdisciplinary initiatives for system-wide integration of reproductive healthcare, and developing innovative tools for enhancing care delivery. This approach can serve as a model for other healthcare systems committed to developing an integrated system of reproductive healthcare and addressing reproductive health conditions in women with complex needs.

  10. Brazil’s National Defense Strategy: Prospects for the Twenty-First Century (United States)


    the 1982 Falklands/ Malvinas war, are striving to regain lost prestige. Internal political divisions and problems surrounding economic development...Universidade 25see Leslie W. Hepple, "The Geopolitics of the Falklands/ Malvinas and the South Atlantic: British and ArgentinePerceptions, Misperceptions, and...Brazil’s primary geopolitical theorist. Like Golbery, he was a successful military officer educated in the Escola Superior de Guerra (ESG - Superior War

  11. The Connotation, Training Strategies and Evaluation Criteria of Information Literacy of Scientific and Technical Talents in Military Medicine and Health Field%军队医药卫生科技人才信息素养内涵、培养策略及评价标准

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘珺; 刘延; 陈敏; 张向阳


    〔Abstract〕 The paper elaborates the connotation , training strategies and evaluation criteria of information literacy of scientific and technical talents in military medicine and health field .By analyzing current research status of evaluation criteria for information literacy of scientific and technical talents in military medicine and health field , it points out that military medical features should emphasized in the criteria for information literacy of scientific and technical talents in military medicine and health field .%阐述军队医药卫生科技人才信息素养内涵、培养策略和评价标准,通过分析军队医药卫生科技人才信息素养评价标准研究现状,指出军队医药卫生科技人才的信息素养标准应强调军事医学特点。

  12. A new direction for water management? Indigenous nation building as a strategy for river health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Steve Hemming


    Full Text Available Indigenous involvement in Australian water management is conventionally driven by a top-down approach by nonIndigenous government agencies, that asks "how do we engage Indigenous people?" and has culminated in the ineffective "consult" and "service delivery" processes evident in mainstream water management planning. This is a hopeful paper that identifies the critical importance of a "nation-based" approach for effective Indigenous engagement in water planning and policy through the work undertaken by the Ngarrindjeri Regional Authority (NRA in the Murray Futures program. The NRA is an Indigenous government in the "settled-south" of Australia. Over past decades, the NRA has developed a range of political technologies that act as tools for redeveloping Ngarrindjeri Nationhood after colonial disempowerment and dispossession. These tools enable better collaboration with nonIndigenous governments, especially in natural resource management policy and practice. In turn, this has better enabled the NRA to exercise a decision-making and planning authority over the lands and waters in its jurisdiction, therefore, more effectively exercising its ongoing duty of care as Country. This paper presents a case study of the Sugar Shack Complex Management Plan, codeveloped by the NRA and the South Australian Government in 2015, to demonstrate the benefits that accrue when Indigenous nations are resourced as authorities responsible for reframing water management and planning approaches to facilitate the equitable collaboration of Indigenous and nonIndigenous worldviews. As a marker of the success of this strategy, the Ngarrindjeri Yarluwar-Ruwe Program, in partnership with the South Australian government, recently won the Australian Riverprize 2015 for delivering excellence in Australian river management.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Condrea DRAGANESCU


    Full Text Available The paper aimed to approach the topic of a new strategy for the sustainable and competitive development of Romanian agriculture and especially for animal husbandry. In this purpose, a large variety of studies was investigated and the opinions of well-known personalities were used to present in a critical manner the history of sustainable development concept, principles, causes, reasons, moments, events, institutions involved at international, European and national level, achievements. The study is focused on Romania, starting from the actual situation of animal husbandry and learning from the country own and others experience. During the last centuries, the scientific studies noticed that the growth trends of the world population and resources utilization which could determine complications for survival of human society. The first Report of The Club of Rome (1972 concluded mathematically that " if the present growth trends in world population, industrialization, pollution, food production, and resources depletion continue to remain unchanged, the limits to growth on this planet will be reached sometime in the next hundred years",..that is in the 21 century. As a reply, the international and national bodies adopted recommendations for a sustainable development. This study analyzed the problems of sustainable development of animal production in Romania, taking into consideration that the conversion rate of energy provided by plants to animal products is about 20%, and this decrease of the number of population is supported by agricultural food production. Two production systems are proposed: (1. Intensive production systems, with high forage conversion, in favorable agricultural country area; (2. extensive (free-ranging, transhumance, pendulation, sustainable, biological production in not or less favorable agricultural area (mountain area, etc.

  14. U.S. Army War College Guide to National Security Issues. Volume 2. National Security Policy and Strategy (United States)


    repudiation.33 More to the point was the work of Ken Booth, a British political scientist. Booth warned, in his 1979 book Strategy and Ethnocentrism ...of how ethnocentrism distorted the theory and practice of strategy. As he pointed out, understanding cultural distortions, like any ethnocentrism can warp an understanding of international politics, affirmed the concept of strategic culture and declared categorically that

  15. Defining an open access resource strategy for research libraries:Part Ⅲ—The strategies and practices of National Science Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiaolin; ZHANG; Xiwen; LIU; Lin; LI; Yan; ZENG; Li-Ping; KU


    Purpose:This paper describes the strategies and practices of National Science Library(NSL),Chinese Academy of Sciences(CAS)in promoting open access(OA)and developing OA resources.Design/methodology/approach:Multi-facet frameworks are devised to guide the development of OA strategies and practices.Key OA initiatives are briefly described along the main aspects of the strategies as they contribute to implementation of the OA strategies.Findings:NSL defined its role as the Chief OA Officer for CAS and a key OA promoter for China.Accordingly,NSL has engaged in multiple fronts of promoting OA,including development of OA strategies for CAS,establishment of itself as an OA knowledge&promotion center,development of the CAS IR system,and support for OA publishing by CAS authors.Research limitations:OA is still evolving,so are the strategies and practices as many actions are experimental and explorative in nature.Open books,open data,and open educational resources are yet to be covered.Comparative studies are needed,so is the evidence-based impact analysis.Practical implications:Institutions can adopt,adapt,or compare with examples and lessons learned are described here.Originality/value:The multi-faceted frameworks,working principles,and lessons learned are based on NSL’s practices which can be valuable to the overall OA development.

  16. Costs, equity, efficiency and feasibility of identifying the poor in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme: empirical analysis of various strategies.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aryeetey, G.C.N.O.; Jehu-Appiah, C.; Spaan, E.J.A.M.; Agyepong, I.; Baltussen, R.M.


    Objectives To analyse the costs and evaluate the equity, efficiency and feasibility of four strategies to identify poor households for premium exemptions in Ghana's National Health Insurance Scheme (NHIS): means testing (MT), proxy means testing (PMT), participatory wealth ranking (PWR) and geograph

  17. Anti-Racist Strategies in Finnish Children's Literature: Physical Appearance and Language as Signifiers of National Belonging (United States)

    Pesonen, Jaana


    This article examines anti-racist strategies employed in Finnish children's literature. The examples from four stories illustrate that certain physical characteristics and cultural markers can become strong signifiers of nationality, that is Finnishness. The characters in these stories have to cope with experiences of exclusion and loneliness…

  18. OISE/UT Evaluation of the Implementation of the National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies. Second Annual Report. Watching & Learning 2. (United States)

    Earl, Lorna; Levin, Ben; Leithwood, Ken; Fullan, Michael; Watson, Nancy

    This, the second of three annual reports by the Ontario Institute for Studies in Education (OISE), continues to track central policy and developments in the implementation of the British National Literacy and Numeracy Strategies (NLS and NNS). The report considers value for money in their funding and on the perception and experience of the…

  19. The Search for Quality: A Five Country Study of National Strategies to Improve Educational Quality in Central Asia (United States)

    Chapman, D.W.; Weidman, J.; Cohen, M.; Mercer, M.


    This paper presents a comparative analysis of the strategies employed over the last decade by governments of five Central Asia republics-Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyz Republic, Tajikistan, and Uzbekistan-to raise educational quality at the primary and secondary levels. Data are drawn from a 2002 cross-national study sponsored by the Asian…

  20. Regional Innovation System Strengthening Program (SIDa as an Exit Strategy National Community Development Program (PNPM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Teguh Narutomo


    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the PNPM program and follow the program with SIDA Strengthening Program. The research method used is a qualitative method approach of this research through the evaluation research design that builds on the CIPP evaluation model (Context-Input-Process-Product. Since the failure of theories and models of development are too glorifies growth, makes many people turn to focus on people development, which includes requiring optimization of local resources, participation, and empowerment. Since then, "empowerment" which was introduced in Indonesia has been anesthetized and made many hopes among many parties. In 2007 started the National Program for Community Empowerment (PNPM which continue Kecamatan Development Program (KDP. PNPM 2014 which is part of the United Indonesia Cabinet Volume 2 is going to end. For that we need to look for an exit strategy program that can maintain sustainability of PNPM. Regional Innovation Systems Strengthening Program (SIDA is a program of the whole process in one system to foster innovation made between government institutions, local governments, research institutions, educational institutions, innovation support institutions, businesses, and communities in areas that have been implemented since the 2012 SIDA program is an empowerment program as well, both to the public and even empowering to all elements such as academia, private industry, government and society.

  1. Emergency care and the national quality strategy: highlights from the Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services. (United States)

    Venkatesh, Arjun K; Goodrich, Kate


    The Centers for Medicare & Medicaid Services (CMS) of the US Department of Health and Human Services seeks to optimize health outcomes by leading clinical quality improvement and health system transformation through a variety of activities, including quality measure alignment, prioritization, and implementation. CMS manages more than 20 federal quality measurement and public reporting programs that cover the gamut of health care providers and facilities, including both hospital-based emergency departments (EDs) and individual emergency physicians. With more than 130 million annual visits, and as the primary portal of hospital admission, US hospital-based EDs deliver a substantial portion of acute care to Medicare beneficiaries. Given the position of emergency care across clinical conditions and between multiple settings of care, the ED plays a critical role in fulfilling all 6 priorities of the National Quality Strategy. We outline current CMS initiatives and future opportunities for emergency physicians and EDs to effect each of these priorities and help CMS achieve the triple aim of better health, better health care, and lower costs.

  2. [Implementing strategies to improve the institutional governance of the Spanish National Health System]. (United States)

    Repullo, José Ramón; Freire, José Manuel


    The 2008 economic crisis made the issue of good governance more present and visible, but the debate risks stalling in an academic and political discourse that barely exceeds the declarative. We acknowledge the existence of noteworthy documents from scientific medical societies and some institutional proposals that point towards promising changes. Viewing good governance as accountability, participation, transparency, intelligence and integrity, our objective is to identify the determinants of inaction and remove the barriers that prevent the adoption of rational and widely agreed-upon proposals. This led us: 1) to allocate the proposals to their appropriate governance level (macro, meso, micro and system environment) so as to more directly engage the agents of change; and 2) to highlight some decision nodes that can act as levers to catalyse selective transformations and to initiate the change processes. Taking into account the diversity of actors and scenarios, a top-down rational, integrated and reformist strategy for the whole Spanish National Health System does not seem likely or viable. Therefore, the purpose of this paper is to promote changes, setting a targeted and reasoned agenda to visualise key issues and to enable multilevel and multidimensional thinking and advocacy of health-sector and society stakeholders. Copyright © 2016 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Research on the development for emerging industries in Nantong under the national strategy (United States)

    Li, Zhongnian; Qin, Yan; Zhang, Lijuan; Li, Tianying; Wang, Qing


    In this paper, according to the relevant national strategic emerging industry planning and policy, conducted in-depth research on the development of emerging industries in Nantong, and believes that current economic social development in Nantong has been entered into a new normal period, in the new period to “innovation” as the core characteristics, strategic emerging industry opportunities and challenges facing the industry. Therefore, Nantong should persist in innovation driven, focus on the cultivation and development of new industries, to provide new impetus to Nantong’s economic vitality and development. According to the development and upgrading of traditional industries, and expand the advantages of industry, cultivate new industries, for each kind of industry to come up with specific development strategies and suggestions: Nantong municipal government will be the seven emerging industries four in the industry (i.e., new material industry, new energy industry, new information technology industry, high-end equipment manufacturing industry) as the development object, further “bigger and stronger”, and strive to enhance the industrial scale and the formation of local characteristics as soon as possible.

  4. The communication of physical science uncertainty in European National Adaptation Strategies. (United States)

    Lorenz, S; Dessai, S; Paavola, J; Forster, P M

    Many European countries have developed National Adaptation Strategies (NAS) to guide adaptation to the expected impacts of climate change. There is a need for more structured communication of the uncertainties related to future climate and its impacts so that adaptation actions can be planned and implemented effectively and efficiently. We develop a novel uncertainty assessment framework for comparing approaches to the inclusion and communication of physical science uncertainty, and use it to analyse ten European NAS. The framework is based on but modifies and integrates the notion of the "cascade of uncertainties" and the NUSAP (Numeral Unit Spread Assessment Pedigree) methodology to include the overarching assessment categories of Numerical Value, Spread, Depth and Substantiation. Our assessment indicates that there are marked differences between the NAS in terms of inclusion and communication of physical science uncertainty. We find that there is a bias towards the communication of quantitative uncertainties as opposed to qualitative uncertainties. Through the examination of the English and German NAS, we find that similar stages of development in adaptation policy planning can nevertheless result in differences in handling physical science uncertainty. We propose that the degree of transparency and openness on physical science uncertainty is linked to the wider socio-political context within which the NAS are framed. Our methodology can help raise awareness among NAS users about the explicit and embedded information on physical science uncertainty within the existing NAS and would help to design more structured uncertainty communication in new or revised NAS.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jacques Bezuidenhout


    Full Text Available Modern Military Geography is a new text that explores the relationship between geography and military conflict. As such, it covers many different scenarios and operational theatres and brings perspective to the link between local topography, hydrographical settings, climate, coastal conditions and military operations. The text goes further by examining the influence of secondary factors, which include, biological, health and environmental issues on military operations. The unique interaction between physical conditions and the geopolitical realities of different geographical settings are well illustrated. This book is therefore an excellent addition to the fields of military geography and military history, as well as other related military disciplines.

  6. Characterizing researchers by strategies used for retaining minority participants: results of a national survey. (United States)

    Butler, James; Quinn, Sandra C; Fryer, Craig S; Garza, Mary A; Kim, Kevin H; Thomas, Stephen B


    Limited attention has been given to the optimal strategies for retaining racial and ethnic minorities within studies and during the follow-up period. High attrition limits the interpretation of results and reduces the ability to translate findings into successful interventions. This study examined the retention strategies used by researchers when retaining minorities in research studies. From May to August 2010, we conducted an online survey with researchers (principal investigators, research staff, and IRB members) and examined their use of seven commonly used retention strategies. The number and type of retention strategies used, how these strategies differ by researcher type, and other characteristics (e.g., funding) were explored. We identified three clusters of researchers: comprehensive retention strategy researchers - utilized the greatest number of retention strategies; moderate retention strategy researchers - utilized an average number of retention strategies; and limited retention strategy researchers - utilized the least number of retention strategies. The comprehensive and moderate retention strategy researchers were more likely than the limited retention strategy researchers to conduct health outcomes research, work with a community advisory board, hire minority staff, use steps at a higher rate to overcome retention barriers, develop new partnerships with the minority community, modify study materials for the minority population, and allow staff to work flexible schedules. This study is a novel effort to characterize researchers, without implying a value judgment, according to their use of specific retention strategies. It provides critical information for conducting future research to determine the effectiveness of using a combination of retention strategies.

  7. Prevention of work-related psychological disorders. A national strategy proposed by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH). (United States)

    Sauter, S L; Murphy, L R; Hurrell, J J


    The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) recognizes psychological disorders as a leading occupational health problem. This document, developed by a NIOSH working group led by the present authors, represents a first attempt to fashion a comprehensive national strategy to protect and promote the psychological health of workers. Roles are identified for industry, labor, government, and academia. Key initiatives include (a) steps to improve working conditions and employee mental health services and (b) increased research and surveillance to advance understanding of the problem. Because work-related psychological disorders appear to be a rapidly developing problem lacking complete definition in terms of scope and etiology, this strategy is not to be considered a final statement of NIOSH policy.

  8. Pakistan’s Kashmir Policy and Strategy Since 1947 (United States)


    struggle was piecemeal and uncoordinated. Pakistan’s resort to military force was not a strategy that Mohammed Ali Jinnah and his All India Muslim League...Kashmir has its origins in the two-nation theory that Muhammad Ali Jinnah utilized to convince the British that a separate nation for the Muslims of...secular, civilian government suffered a major blow when Jinnah died shortly after partition . Therefore, power rapidly devolved to the institutions that

  9. Study on Japan’s National Ocean Strategy and Change of Arctic Geopolitical Structure%日本海洋国家战略与北极地缘政治格局演变研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李振福; 何弘毅


    Japan’s National Ocean Strategy has gone through an expanding-shrinking-re-expanding devel-opment phase.In view of the resources,environment,strategic and economic value in Arctic area,Japa-nese government has positively participated in Arctic affairs and pursued the Arctic benefits under the frame of national ocean strategy.The strong intervention towards Arctic affairs made by Japanese govern-ment may cause a significant change in Arctic Geopolitical Structure.This paper analyzes the development process and the future trend of the Japanese national ocean strategy,and draws a conclusion that the Japa-nese national ocean strategy is mainly influenced by the nation identification of Japan (to be a marine na-tion or continental nation),the geopolitical pattern of East Asia,and the marine super power-US.This pa-per also reflects that the Japanese national ocean strategy will show a tendency of expansion in the future. Then,this paper analyzes how Arctic geopolitical structure will influence Japan's national ocean strategy and the trend of the changes of Japan’s national ocean strategy in the future,puts forward that Japan will restrict China in developing Arctic engagement strategy,having better diplomatic relations with Russia and enhancing its military force.Finally,studying the change of the Arctic Geopolitical Structure should be based on the standing points of China,US,Russia,Japan.%日本的海洋战略经历了扩张———收缩———再扩张的发展阶段。出于对北极地区的资源、环境、战略价值、经济价值的多方面考量,日本政府近年在海洋国家战略框架下积极参与北极事务,谋求北极权益。日本对北极事务介入力度的加强,也将引起北极地缘政治格局的较大变化。文章首先分析了日本国家海洋战略的发展历程以及未来趋势,指出日本的海洋战略主要受其国家身份认知(发展成为海洋国家或是大陆国家)、东亚大陆地缘政治格

  10. Learning and Study Strategies Inventory subtests and factors as predictors of National Board of Chiropractic Examiners Part 1 examination performance. (United States)

    Schutz, Christine M; Dalton, Leanne; Tepe, Rodger E


    This study was designed to extend research on the relationship between chiropractic students' learning and study strategies and national board examination performance. Sixty-nine first trimester chiropractic students self-administered the Learning and Study Strategies Inventory (LASSI). Linear trends tests (for continuous variables) and Mantel-Haenszel trend tests (for categorical variables) were utilized to determine if the 10 LASSI subtests and 3 factors predicted low, medium and high levels of National Board of Chiropractic Examiners (NBCE) Part 1 scores. Multiple regression was performed to predict overall mean NBCE examination scores using the 3 LASSI factors as predictor variables. Four LASSI subtests (Anxiety, Concentration, Selecting Main Ideas, Test Strategies) and one factor (Goal Orientation) were significantly associated with NBCE examination levels. One factor (Goal Orientation) was a significant predictor of overall mean NBCE examination performance. Learning and study strategies are predictive of NBCE Part 1 examination performance in chiropractic students. The current study found LASSI subtests Anxiety, Concentration, Selecting Main Ideas, and Test Strategies, and the Goal-Orientation factor to be significant predictors of NBCE scores. The LASSI may be useful to educators in preparing students for academic success. Further research is warranted to explore the effects of learning and study strategies training on GPA and NBCE performance.

  11. SERVARE-VITAS political consequences for Romanian national government and military of hostage deaths in a Romanian Special Operations Forces hostage rescue operation


    Rapanu, Adrian.


    Humankind conflicts reached a point where the use of terrorism continues to be viewed as an acceptable and valuable instrument to pursue political goals. Because of the fact that the Romanian forces have encountered little action in the terrorism arena, one can say that the Romanian counter-terrorism and antiterrorism arrangements within the law enforcement and military are immature. This paper attempts to shed light upon the current crisis management procedures and how that arrangement...

  12. The trends in EMR and CPOE adoption in Japan under the national strategy. (United States)

    Yoshida, Yuichi; Imai, Takeshi; Ohe, Kazuhiko


    We evaluate the status of health information system (HIS) adoption (In this paper, "HIS" means electronic medical record system (EMR) and computerized provider order entry system (CPOE)). We also evaluate the affect of the policies of Japanese government. The status of HIS adoption in Japan from 2002 to 2011 was investigated using reports from complete surveys of all medical institutions conducted by the Ministry of Health, Labour and Welfare (MHLW). HIS-related budgets invested by the Japanese government from 2000 to 2008 were surveyed mainly using literatures and administrative documents of the Japanese government (MHLW and Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry). The rates of HIS adoption in Japan in 2011 were: 20.9% for the rate of EMR adoption in clinics, 20.1% for the rate of EMR adoption and 36.6% for the rate of CPOE adoption in hospitals. In hospitals, the rate of EMR and CPOE adoption were 51.5% and 78.6% in 822 large hospitals (400 or more beds), 27.3% and 52.1% in 1832 medium hospitals (200-399 beds), and 13.5% and 26.0% in 5951 small hospitals (less than 200 beds), respectively. Japan has a large number of medical institutions (99,547 clinics and 8605 hospitals) with a low rate of EMR adoption in clinics and a high rate of HIS adoption in hospitals. The national budget to expand HIS use was implemented for medium and large hospitals mainly. The policy target of New IT Reform Strategy was not achieved. The rate of HIS adoption in Japanese medium and large hospitals is high compared to small hospitals and clinics, and this is attributable to the fact that the Japanese government placed the target for HIS adoption on key hospitals with a large number of beds and concentrated budget investment in those hospitals. Besides, legal approval of EMR and the introduction of Diagnostic Procedure Combination system facilitated EMR adoption. There is less financial support for small hospitals than medium and large hospitals. The low rate of EMR adoption in clinics

  13. Alaska North Slope National Energy Strategy initiative: Analysis of five undeveloped fields

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thomas, C.P.; Allaire, R.B.; Doughty, T.C.; Faulder, D.D.; Irving, J.S.; Jamison, H.C.; White, G.J.


    The US Department of Energy was directed in the National Energy Strategy to establish a federal interagency task force to identify specific technical and regulatory barriers to the development of five undeveloped North Slope Alaska fields and make recommendations for their resolution. The five fields are West Sak, Point Thomson, Gwydyr Bay, Seal Island/Northstar, and Sandpiper Island. Analysis of environmental, regulatory, technical, and economic information, and data relating to the development potential of the five fields leads to the following conclusions: Development of the five fields would result in an estimated total of 1,055 million barrels of oil and 4.4 trillion cubic feet of natural gas and total investment of $9.4 billion in 1992 dollars. It appears that all five of the fields will remain economically marginal developments unless there is significant improvement in world oil prices. Costs of regulatory compliance and mitigation, and costs to reduce or maintain environmental impacts at acceptable levels influence project investments and operating costs and must be considered in the development decision making process. The development of three of the fields (West Sak, Point Thomson, and Gwydyr Bay) that are marginally feasible would have an impact on North Slope production over the period from about 2000 to 2014 but cannot replace the decline in Prudhoe Bay Unit production or maintain the operation of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline System (TAPS) beyond about 2014 with the assumption that the TAPS will shut down when production declines to the range of 400 to 200 thousand barrels of oil/day. Recoverable reserves left in the ground in the currently producing fields and soon to be developed fields, Niakuk and Point McIntyre, would range from 1 billion to 500 million barrels of oil corresponding to the time period of 2008 to 2014 based on the TAPS shutdown assumption.

  14. Nutrition and foraging strategies of the black howler monkey (Alouatta pigra) in Palenque National Park, Mexico. (United States)

    Amato, Katherine R; Garber, Paul A


    Food resources consumed by primates vary markedly in nutritional content. As a result, foragers must develop a feeding strategy to select resources that balance energy and macronutrient intake and reduce the consumption of fiber and toxins. In this study, we collected data on dietary patterns, rates of food consumption, and weight of food items consumed and combined them with published values of the nutritional content of Neotropical foods to estimate energy and nutrient intake during a 10-month period in two groups (N=16 individuals) of black howler monkeys (Alouatta pigra) inhabiting Palenque National Park, Mexico. Although howler monkeys are generally assumed to exploit a leaf-dominated diet and be energy-limited, our results indicated that black howlers met their estimated energy requirements, consuming an average of 0.58 MJ of overall energy per metabolic body mass per day. The howlers also surpassed protein requirements by consuming an average of 8.2 g of protein per metabolic body mass per day. The amount of time they spent resting was not correlated with the amount of leaves or fruit in the diet or with overall energy intake. Therefore, despite consuming a leaf-heavy diet during some months of the year, black howlers do not appear to be energy-limited. Additionally, the howlers maintained a relatively consistent level of average daily protein energy intake regardless of diet composition, while non-protein energy intake varied in response to the amount of ripe fruits consumed. Although our use of published nutritional data introduces error, these findings suggest that black howler feeding ecology is more similar to other fruit-eating atelines than previously suspected, and several common assumptions regarding howler behavior and feeding ecology need to be reexamined. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  15. Evaluation of Military Service Youth Advertisements (United States)


    the military, and to realign the market research program to better support military advertising . In Fiscal Years 2000 and 2001, a two-pronged...efforts and advertising campaigns that are based on sound market research. The Joint Recruiting Advertising Program (JRAP) and Joint Market Research...assess levels of support provided by advertising agencies, and to recommend improved marketing strategies. The Eskew-Murphy Advertising Review made a

  16. The Strategy of Making Inquiries in Military Procurement%军队采购中的询价策略探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    佘键; 李浩; 黄金明


    军队采购是以最优的质量、最合适的价格、最恰当的时间、最适当的数量,从合格的供应商处获取所需要的物资、工程和服务,保障部队的需要。军队采购方与供应商形成一种买卖博弈或讨价还价博弈。需要设计一种显示机制,让供应商自动显示其生产成本,以达到军队采购经济高效的目的。%Military procurement is about obtaining needed materials ,engineering and services from qualified suppliers with the most optimal quality ,best price ,the most appropriate time and the most appropriate numbers to guarantee the needs of the forces. Army purchaser and supplier form a game to bargain. In order to achieve the goal of military procure‐ment efficiency ,the purchaser should design a mechanism to make the supplier display the production cost automatically.

  17. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs (United States)


    that in the second half of the 20th century of the more than 250 military conflicts that JPRS-UMA-88-022 15 September 1988 46 FOREIGN MILITARY...consumerism and the feminization of men are related to this... Other causes are concerned with internal army condi- tions. Violation of the...mankind has reached in his ongoing development. On the eve of the 21st Century , new horizons of civilization are open- ing up for nations and peoples

  18. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military Affairs. (United States)


    of different national- ities in military councils, political bodies, party commit- tees , and Komsomol committees, bringing new recruits from the...organizations, DOSAAF commit- tees , the Znaniye Society, public education agencies, military commissariats, and the mass media. Where actions are directed...under their T- shirts , shiver with chills from fever contracted in Afghanistan... But then it is not a matter of inconspicuousness, but indifference

  19. Implementation of the Forest Service Open Space Conservation Strategy in Washington State: Exploring the Role of the National Forest System (United States)

    Richard J. Pringle; Lee K. Cerveny; Gordon A. Bradley


    The loss of open space was declared one of the “four threats to the health of our nation’s forests” by former USDA Forest Service Chief Dale Bosworth in 2004. Since then, the agencywide Open Space Conservation Strategy (OSCS) was released and the “four threats” were incorporated into the agency’s National Strategic Plan. These actions indicate that the OSCS is in the...

  20. Applying Culture to Military Operations: A Review of Foreign Militaries (United States)


    perspective on cultural awareness as a consequence of its own indigenous Maori culture. During initial or basic training, the military examines its own...organizational culture. Two of the services, the New Zealand Army and Navy, utilize elements of the Maori culture in order to establish a common...experience within the island nations and their own Maori culture and language has some commonalities. For missions in less familiar surroundings, the NZDF

  1. How Can the U.S. Military Avoid Another 9/15?: An Analysis of the Inability of U.S. Military Leaders to Provide an Adequate Strategy for Responding to the 9/11 Attacks (United States)


    irregular war” than to have a balanced Direct/Indirect Approach strategy focus? George Santayana once observed, “In a moving world, readaptation is...archive/2007/10/19/7073.aspx accessed on 31 October 2007. 87 George Santayana (1863-1952, American Philosopher, Poet), Internet; retrieved from...School, August 2007. Rothstein, Hy. correspondence with the author in an e-mail entitled “RE: A Question” on 31 October 07. Santayana , George (1863

  2. Weight of Culture in Nation Building (United States)


    American-born chains from McDonalds to Starbucks can be found the world over and so even when traveling abroad, the US citizen is continually reaffirmed...removed from military operations or discussions of national strategy . Chapter 2 analyzes culture in general and the numerous components that comprise...interest rate. Land prices were based on 1937 market values, a bargain that provided incentive to get the program moving. Those who still continued

  3. Are there national strategies, plans and guidelines for the treatment of hepatitis C in people who inject drugs?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maticic, Mojca; Videcnik Zorman, Jerneja; Gregorcic, Sergeja;


    BACKGROUND: Hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection represents a major global health problem, which in high-income countries now mostly affects people who inject drugs (PWID). Many studies show that the treatment of HCV infection is as successful among PWID as among other populations and recently PWID...... have been included in the international guidelines for the treatment of HCV infection. The aim of this survey was to collect data from European countries on the existence of national strategies, action plans and clinical guidelines for HCV treatment in the general population and PWID in particular....... METHODS: Thirty-three European countries were invited to participate. Data on available national strategies, action plans and guidelines for HCV treatment in general population and in PWID specifically were collected prospectively by means of a structured electronic questionnaire and analyzed accordingly...

  4. Occupational stress in professionals of public security: a study with military agents of the Republican National Guard / Stress ocupacional em profissionais de segurança pública: um estudo com militares da Guarda Nacional Republicana

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge M. P. Afonso


    Full Text Available This work analyzes occupational stress in 95 Portuguese military agents of the Republican National Guard. We applied an evaluation protocol with measures of global stress, burnout, proactive coping, organizational commitment, satisfaction with life, and professional satisfaction/accomplishment. The fidelity and validity results of the instruments were very acceptable. The results of burnout pointed out a remarkable level of emotional exhaustion (12% followed by cynicism (10% and low professional effectiveness (8% (but we have not found any participant with burnout values in the three dimensions simultaneously, and different variables were observed in the prediction of those three areas. The discriminant analysis among subgroups allowed us to verify two main aspects: (a lower levels of organizational commitment and more use of proactive coping in younger and/or inexperienced military agents and (b higher desire to leave the job/profession and cynicism in older and/or more experienced professionals. At the end, the authors discuss the importance of future research to analyze the effects of a higher tendency to use cynicism as their age increase and the consequences of a lower organizational commitment in terms of professional efficacy of the younger agents.

  5. Military service and crime: new evidence. (United States)

    Snowden, David L; Oh, Sehun; Salas-Wright, Christopher P; Vaughn, Michael G; King, Erika


    Evidence indicates that a substantial proportion of military personnel are involved in high-risk and antisocial behaviors that place them at jeopardy for criminal justice system involvement. However, prior research on military service and crime has disproportionately focused on veterans from the Vietnam War era (1955-1975), and has tended to focus on either current or former military members. This study employed data from a population-based study (i.e., National Study on Drug Use and Health [NSDUH] between 2002 and 2014). It systematically examines the prevalence of self-reported antisocial behaviors, criminal justice system involvement, and substance abuse among the US civilian population and military service members, including reservists (n = 2206) and those who reported having been separated or retired from military service (n = 20,551). These factors are further examined across the developmental spectrum of adulthood (ages 18-34, 35-49, and 50-64). Results showed that military members were more prone to lifetime arrests and overall substance misuse. However, additional findings emerged suggesting that, while the military population overall seems to be positively associated with higher criminal activity than that found in the civilian population, these findings were based on a specific subgroup of the veteran population. This subgroup is comprised of individuals who likely did not fit in with the military culture and were discharged from the military early in their careers. Additional research on identifying this subgroup of military members is encouraged to better concentrate on prevention and treatment measures.

  6. Subsonic Transonic Applied Refinements By Using Key Strategies - STARBUKS In the NASA Langley Research Center National Transonic Facility (United States)

    Paryz, Roman W.


    Several upgrade projects have been completed at the NASA Langley Research Center National Transonic Facility over the last 1.5 years in an effort defined as STARBUKS - Subsonic Transonic Applied Refinements By Using Key Strategies. This multi-year effort was undertaken to improve NTF's overall capabilities by addressing Accuracy and Validation, Productivity, and Reliability areas at the NTF. This presentation will give a brief synopsis of each of these efforts.

  7. Economic and Technological Role of Kuzbass Industry in the Implementation of National Energy Strategy of Russian Federation


    Zhironkin, Sergey Aleksandrovich; Khoreshok, Aleksey Alekseevich; Tyulenev, M. A.; Barysheva, Galina Anzelmovna; Hellmer, M. C.


    This article describes the problems and prospects of development of coal mining in Kuzbass - the center of coal production in Siberia and Russia, in the framework of the major initiatives of the National Energy Strategy for the period until 2035. The structural character of the regional coal industry problems, caused by decline in investment activity, high level of fixed assets depreciation, slow development of deep coal processing and technological reduction of coal mining is shown.

  8. Economic and Technological Role of Kuzbass Industry in the Implementation of National Energy Strategy of Russian Federation (United States)

    Zhironkin, S. A.; Khoreshok, A. A.; Tyulenev, M. A.; Barysheva, G. A.; Hellmer, M. C.


    This article describes the problems and prospects of development of coal mining in Kuzbass - the center of coal production in Siberia and Russia, in the framework of the major initiatives of the National Energy Strategy for the period until 2035. The structural character of the regional coal industry problems, caused by decline in investment activity, high level of fixed assets depreciation, slow development of deep coal processing and technological reduction of coal mining is shown.

  9. National Energy Strategy 2012-2026; Estrategia Nacional de Energia 2012-2026

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Direccion General de Planeacion Estrategica, Secretaria de Energia, Mexico, D.F. (Mexico)


    In compliance with the provisions of the Congress, the National Energy Strategy 2012-2026 (NES) outlines the direction of the Mexican energy sector with a horizon of 15 years. Its vision is supported by a comprehensive planning exercise that collects information from each of the parastatals and decentralized administrative bodies that make up the sector. This ensures the accuracy and relevance of information presented throughout the document and integrates the perspectives of all public bodies involved. From that interagency and interdisciplinary approach, the NES provides energy policy guidelines that are essential to realize this vision. In turn, these serve to construct detailed criteria of public policy. Finally, the NES raises specific targets for 2026, which can be achieved based on the implementation of actions considered within the planning guidelines. The NES is a prospective tool and indicative that stands as a useful tool for any plan or program. To serve as an instrument of dialogue between institutions and authorities, NES is a document with a solid vision and a planned role in Mexico's energy policy. [Spanish] En cumplimiento por lo establecido por el Congreso de la Union, la Estrategia Nacional de Energia 2012-2026 (ENE) delinea el rumbo del sector energetico mexicano con un horizonte de 15 anos. Su vision esta sustentada en un ejercicio integral de planeacion que recaba informacion de cada una de las entidades paraestatales y organos administrativos desconcentrados que conforman el sector. Esto garantiza la precision y pertinencia de la informacion presentada a lo largo del documento e integra las perspectivas de todos los entes publicos involucrados. A partir de ese enfoque interinstitucional e interdisciplinario, la ENE establece los lineamientos de politica energetica que son indispensables para materializar esta vision. A su vez, estos sirven para construir criterios detallados de politica publica. Finalmente, la ENE plantea metas concretas

  10. Influence of the Personalization and Codification Strategies on Successful Knowledge Management Case Study: National Iranian Oil Company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roghyeh Nouri


    Full Text Available Successful implementation of Knowledge Management (KM involves on identification the most effective associated factors. Hence well-thought-out of organization strategy often is absent in implementing KM. Moreover resource restrictions lead us to prioritize them. Consequently, organizations are looking to prioritize the projects for deploying KM in order to invest on the infrastructural projects based on that. The purpose of this study is on identifying, classifying and ranking the enablers related to four key factors of people, process, leadership and information technology based on two given KM strategies. The quantitative approach was utilized in collecting data through questionnaire. In order to approve and classify the identified enablers in each key factor, a quantitative approach was utilized in collecting data through a few justifiable reliable questionnaires. We designed them using Delphi method and distributed among organization experts. Significant factors extracted from applying an exploratory factor analysis using the SPSS package. In order to prioritize the extracted enabler’s a fuzzy multi-criteria decision making technique is then applied. The results shows that among thirty identified enablers in personalization strategy, twenty seven ones and among the nineteen identified enablers in codification strategy, sixteen of are significant. Accordingly by ranking the factors and enablers in nine management organizations of the National Iranian Oil Company (NIOC, the leadership factor in personalization strategy and also information technology in codification strategy have higher ranks by weighing 0.259 and 0.267respectively.

  11. China's Military Diplomacy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    He Qisong; Li Baowen


    Since the end of the Cold War, China's military diplomacy has displayed an omni-directional and multi-level form, and with an increasing transparency which has increased trust and reduced doubt. China has enhanced its conventional military functions and strengthened its military soft power. This has helped China develop into a responsible state on the world stage. Through military exchanges with other countries, the Chinese military has gradually strengthened its ability to undertake a variety of tasks. The Chinese military has to make greater efforts to counter the perception of a "China threat." There is also a need to establish a system of military spokesmen and to develop a theory of military diplomacy with Chinese characteristics.

  12. TRICARE, Military Health System (United States)

    ... Claim Get Proof of TRICARE Coverage View My Military Health Record Less State of Emergency in North ... Disaster Information Download a Form Go Paperless My Military Health Records Multimedia Center Plan Information Kits Recoupment ...

  13. About Military Sexual Trauma

    Medline Plus

    Full Text Available ... total__ Find out why Close About Military Sexual Trauma Veterans Health Administration Loading... Unsubscribe from Veterans Health ... 10 VA HSR&D Investigator Insights: Military Sexual Trauma - Duration: 3:27. Veterans Health Administration 898 views ...

  14. Research on the strategies to optimize traditional Korean nationality village residential environment -- Taking the transformation of Chatiao Village in Antu County, Yanbian Korean Nationality Autonomous Prefecture as example (United States)

    Chaoyang, Sun; Xin, Sui; Mo, Li; Yongqiang, Wang


    This research is aimed to make an in-depth research into the strategies and methods to protect and develop the residential environment in the villages and towns with minority group characteristics. In the research on the construction mode and optimization strategy of the residential environment of the original residents in Chatiao Village, Antu County, Korean Nationality Autonomous Prefecture, the contents of architecture and planning were used comprehensively with the philosophy of green design, sociology and economics being combined simultaneously to drive the humanistic and economic development in the minority areas at the same time of providing new employment opportunities and a comfortable residential environment for people, thus realizing the complete development of the characteristic villages in Chinese minority areas.

  15. Analyzing the Dependency Between National Logistics Performance and Competitiveness: Which Logistics Competence is Core for National Strategy?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burmaoglu Serhat


    Full Text Available With the advancements in the strategic management field, logistics management has changed considerably and logistics competency has emerged as a new and important area of research. In this regard, the purpose of this study is to find the core logistics abilities, which enable nations to achieve a competitive advantage in the logistics market. Two different data sets, one from World Economic Forum and the other from the World Bank were used. Cluster and discriminant analysis were used to answer the research questions. The results indicated that while the logistics infrastructure and the customs were absolute in determining a high-competitive country, the logistics competence and the tracking & tracing were the core logistics abilities needed to sustain the competitive advantage in long term. The implications of these results are also discussed.

  16. Governing people's lives. Strategies for improving the health of the nations in England, Denmark, Norway and Sweden. (United States)

    Vallgårda, S


    Public health strategies reflect governments' wish to make people's lives longer and healthier. This can either be achieved by influencing the frames of people's lives and activities or the way they behave, i.e. to try to 'conduct their conduct'. In this paper the motivations for and methods of four national public health strategies are analysed. They are the English, the Norwegian, the Danish and the Swedish. Four questions are addressed: i) how is the governing activities aimed at improving the health of the population justified; ii) which issues are defined as problems; iii) which causes of the problems are identified; and iv) which governing techniques are suggested to solve the problems. The English and Danish programmes focus on mortality while the others give high priority to non-lethal diseases and conditions. The Danish programme mainly aims at making people conduct themselves in a more healthy way, i.e. change their behaviour, often guided by health professionals. The Norwegian paper has empowerment as its central strategy. The strategy is based on the assumption that if people get more power over their own lives they will become more healthy and behave in a more healthy way. The Swedish emphasis is on changing people's living conditions and much less is said about the role of the individual. The English programme launches a national contract where individuals and authorities should work both to change people's behaviour and their living conditions. All strategies deal with the increasing social inequality in health, the English and Swedish strategies more than the others. There does not seem to be a specific Nordic model in this field of welfare state politics.

  17. Treatment of mandibular third molars and pericoronitis in British military personnel: influence of guidelines from the National Institute for Health and Clinical Excellence. (United States)

    Pepper, Thomas; Konarzewski, Thomas; Grimshaw, Paul; Combes, James


    We studied the dental records of British military personnel who were less than 20 years old on enlistment, and had at least five years' service with at least five recorded dental inspections, at three military dental centres in the UK. The median (IQR) period from first to last inspection in 720 subjects was 15 (10-19) years, and the median frequency of inspection was every 14 (13-16) months. A total of 288/1250 mandibular third molars were extracted (23%). There were significant increases in the proportion of extractions stating caries in the mandibular third molar or multi-episode pericoronitis as indications (n=13, 14%, p pericoronitis by 20 (9%, p =0.02). Extractions of mandibular third molars because of caries in the adjacent second molar increased by 4 (4%, p=0.045). The median age at the time of extraction before introduction of the guidelines was 23 years compared with 25 years afterwards (p<0.001). Twenty-five of 114 (22%) extractions of mandibular third molars were in patients over the age of 30 after the introduction of guidelines compared with 1/174 (<1%) before. The introduction of the NICE guidelines on the management of third molars has significantly changed our practice. Whether or not these changes have resulted in a net benefit to patients is still a matter for debate. Copyright © 2016 The British Association of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgeons. All rights reserved.

  18. Representation and Race in America’s Volunteer Military. (United States)


    a wider cross section of society. The resocialization of poverty youths , it is said, depends on public acceptance of the military as a legitimate...J. Eitelberg, "American Youth and Military Representation: In Search of the Perfect Portrait," Youth and Society 10 (September 1978): 5-31; John C...prove it could at least match the draft in this respect. Eventually, the national population of military-age youths became the sacred touchstone for

  19. Mental Health Among Reserve Component Military Service Members and Veterans


    Cohen, Gregory H.; Fink, David S.; Sampson, Laura; Galea, Sandro


    Since 2001, the US military has increasingly relied on National Guard and reserve component forces to meet operational demands. Differences in preparation and military engagement experiences between active component and reserve component forces have long suggested that the psychiatric consequences of military engagement differ by component. We conducted a systematic review of prevalence and new onset of psychiatric disorders among reserve component forces and a meta-analysis of prevalence est...

  20. Strategies toward the Inclusion of Environmental Education in Educator Preparation Programs: Results from a National Survey (United States)

    Crim, Courtney; Moseley, Christine; Desjean-Perrotta, Blanche


    A national study was conducted to investigate the inclusion of environmental education (EE) into educator preparation programs across the United States. Responses from teacher educators in institutions of higher education indicated that the infusion of EE into educator preparation programs is limited and varies greatly across the nation. Findings…

  1. Monitoring groundwater quality in South-Africa: Development of a national strategy

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Parsons, R


    Full Text Available Little is known about the temporal distribution of groundwater quality on a national scale in South Africa. The effective management of the country's groundwater resources is thus difficult and a need exists for a national network for monitoring...

  2. Alternative Strategies to William Bennett's Plan for a National War on Drugs: A Comprehensive Systems Approach. (United States)

    D'Andrea, Michael

    As this country's first appointed "drug czar," William Bennett developed a set of proposals for a national campaign against drug abuse. These included: expanding the national prison capacity by 85 percent; providing additional fiscal support for states and local areas that adopt anti-drug laws; and increasing the availablility of…

  3. Alternative Strategies to William Bennett's Plan for a National War on Drugs: A Comprehensive Systems Approach. (United States)

    D'Andrea, Michael

    As this country's first appointed "drug czar," William Bennett developed a set of proposals for a national campaign against drug abuse. These included: expanding the national prison capacity by 85 percent; providing additional fiscal support for states and local areas that adopt anti-drug laws; and increasing the availablility of…

  4. Industrial grand challenges: A competitiveness strategy for the DOE national laboratories

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Werne, R.W.


    The Cold War has been won; won in part by superior technology; superior technology such as that found in the DOE national laboratories. However, new challenges face the country, for it is clear that our historic notions of national security have changed to include economic security as well as defense. Economic security means that our industries are able to successfully compete in international markets in order to provide a high domestic standard of living. It is also recognized that US industries must achieve and maintain a leadership in technology and that the technology base of the DOE national laboratories must now be mobilized to support US industry. Once again the laboratories are called upon to support the country in a time of need. Because of this need we are seeing a significant change in mission for the Department of Energy national laboratories in their role as problem solvers for the nation. In particular, the Defense Programs (DP) national labs (Lawrence Livermore, Los Alamos, Sandia National Laboratories, and Martin Marietta Energy Systems Y-12) are moving from dosed institutions to open centers with significant resources ready to support US industry more vigorously than ever before. The DP laboratories are enthusiastic about their new mission and are reaching out to industry in an effort to understand industries` needs and find applications for Laboratory skills and technologies.

  5. Biological Risks to Public Health: Lessons from an International Conference to Inform the Development of National Risk Communication Strategies. (United States)

    Dickmann, Petra; Bhatiasevi, Aphaluck; Chaib, Fadela; Baggio, Ombretta; Banluta, Christina; Hollenweger, Lilian; Maaroufi, Abderrahmane

    Biological risk management in public health focuses on the impact of outbreaks on health, the economy, and other systems and on ensuring biosafety and biosecurity. To address this broad range of risks, the International Health Regulations (IHR, 2005) request that all member states build defined core capacities, risk communication being one of them. While there is existing guidance on the communication process and on what health authorities need to consider to design risk communication strategies that meet the requirements on a governance level, little has been done on implementation because of a number of factors, including lack of resources (human, financial, and others) and systems to support effective and consistent capacity for risk communication. The international conference on "Risk communication strategies before, during and after public health emergencies" provided a platform to present current strategies, facilitate learning from recent outbreaks of infectious diseases, and discuss recommendations to inform risk communication strategy development. The discussion concluded with 4 key areas for improvement in risk communication: consider communication as a multidimensional process in risk communication, broaden the biomedical paradigm by integrating social science intelligence into epidemiologic risk assessments, strengthen multisectoral collaboration including with local organizations, and spearhead changes in organizations for better risk communication governance. National strategies should design risk communication to be proactive, participatory, and multisectoral, facilitating the connection between sectors and strengthening collaboration.

  6. Analysis of the National Strategy of One Belt and One Road Construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan; Xintao


    The"One Belt and One Road"construction is the important strategic decision by the CPC Central Committee with comrade Xi Jinping as the General Secretary to actively respond to the global situation of profound changes and get an overall grasp of the international and domestic situations.This grand strategy is included in the CPCCC Decision on Some Major Issues Concerning Comprehensively Deepening the Reform,and the Government Work Report,and becomes an important development strategy.

  7. Looking Back, Looking Forward: New Strategies for Coverage of a National Web Sphere

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Zierau, Eld; Laursen, Ditte

    them in a web archive. This presentation will include a description of an operational setup to meet this challenge (to be implemented in 2016). The setup is designed to deal with different (present and future) sources. The sources can be any URL set to be investigated. It can also be derived data (e.......g. text extracts) to be investigated. Finally, it can be known national URLs that need preparation before ingestion to a web archive. The setup output will be seeds, domains and sub-domains that can be feed into national bulk and selective harvests for the national web sphere. [book] Mjøs, O. J. (2012...

  8. [The national strategies for suicide prevention by the United Nation/World Health Organization and the present situation of suicide in the East Asia]. (United States)

    Takahashi, Yoshitomo; Takahashi, Sho; Imamura, Yoshihiro; Yamashita, Rira


    We discussed "Prevention of suicide: Guidelines for the formulation and implementation of national strategies" formulated by the United Nations and the World Health Organization in 1996 and the present situation of suicide in the East Asia. Although much public attention has been paid to a high suicide rate of Japan in the world, the increasing tendency of suicide rates have been found in other East Asian countries as well. For example the Republic of Korea shows a recent suicide rate higher than 30 per 100,000, which surpasses the suicide rate of Japan. Facing the fact, various measures for suicide prevention have been conducted. The UN guidelines for suicide prevention point out that these strategies should be discussed to meet each country's need for more appropriate suicide prevention. The Japanese government had the Basic Law on Suicide Prevention enforced in 2006 to implement measures that society must tackle because various social factors are behind suicides. In recent years, some countries in the East Asia also show increasing suicide rates, which attract the society's serious concern. The rapid economic growth and globalization have led to personnel cut, performance-based compensation, and the widening gap between the rich and the poor and the society cannot maintain the conventional employment system. In addition, socio-economic changes have brought collapse of the original societal and familial system, which might have existed behind the increase of suicide in this region.

  9. Assessment of quality indicators in spanish higher military education

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olmos Gómez Maria del Carmen


    Full Text Available The quality assessment is subject to multiple interpretations of its content and purpose, and also regarding to methods and techniques used to develop it. Although purposes of assessment are varied, usually pursuit three goals: Improvement, accountability and information. Currently, the concept of quality evaluation has been replaced by the management of educational quality, as Matthew [6] point “the new culture of evaluation is no longer oriented to penalty, ranking or selection of people, as provide a reasoned and reasonable information to guide the management of educational improvement”. Military Training Centres are externally evaluated by an experts External Evaluation Unit to identify strengths and weaknesses on their self-evaluation system and focus on important aspects related to the organization of the Centre, development of work plans, teacher’s style and students learning strategies, system of evaluation and qualification and accurate recommendations to improve all that. This research focuses on the evaluation of quality indicators for the external evaluation of higher education at Military Education Centres in Spain and it is funded by a joint project between University of Granada and MADOC. The technique used for collecting and analysing information was a content description of several documents provided by these military educational authorities, arising the identification and extraction of relevant indicators on the evaluation of higher education. This analysis was primarily based on standards and indicators systems by ANECA (National Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation adapted to the Military Higher Education, but also it was consider other standards by international agencies and evaluative institutions, such as University of Chile, University of Paraguay, Canarias Agency for Quality Assessment and Accreditation and Agency for Quality Education System University of Castilla y León. The analysis realize a usual

  10. Attributes of researchers and their strategies to recruit minority populations: results of a national survey. (United States)

    Quinn, Sandra Crouse; Butler, James; Fryer, Craig S; Garza, Mary A; Kim, Kevin H; Ryan, Christopher; Thomas, Stephen B


    Despite NIH mandates for inclusion, recruiting minorities is challenging for biomedical and public health researchers. Little is known about how attributes of researchers affect their choice of recruitment strategies. The purpose of this study was to address this gap by examining how use of recruitment strategies relates to other researcher characteristics. To do this, we conducted an online survey from May to August 2010 with researchers (principal investigators, research staff, and IRB members) in which we measured the number and types of recruitment strategies utilized, along with other characteristics of the researchers and their research. We identified two clusters of researchers: comprehensive researchers who utilized a greater number and more diverse and active recruitment strategies, and traditional researchers, who utilized fewer and more passive strategies. Additional characteristics that distinguished the two groups were that comprehensive researchers were more likely than traditional researchers to 1) report racial and ethnic differences as one of their specific aims or hypotheses, 2) receive federal (CDC and NIH) funding, 3) conduct behavioral or epidemiological research, and 4) have received training in conducting research with and recruiting minorities. Traditional researchers, on the other hand, were more likely to conduct clinical research and a greater (though non-significant) percentage received funding from pharmaceutical sources. This study provides a novel description of how researcher attributes are related to their recruitment strategies and raises a number of future research questions to further examine the implications of this relationship.

  11. Conflict Analysis and Resolution Theories for Professional Military Education (United States)


    message caused cognitive dissonance among the civilian population, or at least it appears that way. It might have been more productive if the military...the military because it is possible that the political goals that are dictating strategy are not in consonance with what is happening at the tactical

  12. Sensemaking in Military Critical Incidents: The Impact of Moral Intensity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Graaff, Miriam; Giebels, Ellen; Meijer, Dominique J.W.; Verweij, Desiree E.M.


    This study explores the relationship between moral intensity and the use of different sensemaking strategies in military critical incidents. First, narratives of military personnel were used to select prototypical high/low moral intensity critical incidents. In a follow-up, a scenario study was

  13. Sociometric approaches for managing military units and predicting of behavior of military personnel (United States)

    Kudro, Nataliya M.; Puzikova, Svetlana M.


    In the Republic of Kazakhstan military service becomes attractive primarily for that category of people who have no opportunity to acquire high quality vocational or higher education, decent income by the speciality available, or those who have not yet identified themselves professionally and socially. Its a serious problem how to ensure ability of military units to execute their service duties in conditions of more and more increasing requirements for professional competences of military personnel, increased intellectualization of military service when the quality of "human material" often is not corresponding to the required standards. This problem in the national and foreign science is still being developed and has no final solutions accessible for the scientific society. This article presents an effort to offer specialists in the military administration area one of probable tools to forecast successfulness of execution of professional tasks by military units based on results of sociometric studies and algorithms of plotting Bayesian networks. Using these tools a military leader will be able to evaluate effectiveness of his managerial activity, correct mechanisms of individual and mentoring activity with regard to individual servicemen, provide an opportunity to eliminate risks of failing to fulfill professional tasks on time and failing to ensure combat readiness of entrusted military team.

  14. Improving population-based cervical cancer screening in general practice : effects of a national strategy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermens, R P; Hak, E; Hulscher, M E; Mulder, J; Tacken, M A; Braspenning, J C; Grol, R P


    OBJECTIVE: To assess the effects of a Dutch national prevention programme, aimed at general practitioners (GPs), on the adherence to organizational guidelines for effective cervical cancer screening in general practice. To identify the characteristics of general practices determining success. DESIGN

  15. Science, environment and technology summit: A long term national science strategy

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trivelpiece, A.W.


    This document contains the text of the testimony given by Alvin W. Trivelpiece, Director, Oak Ridge National Laboratory, before the Subcommittee on Basic Research, Committee on Science, US House of Representatives in Oak Ridge, TN on June 1, 1995.

  16. The Need to Develop a National Health Strategy - A Report on the Industry (United States)


    term care facilities, hospitals including mental hospitals, clinics, midwives , alternative medicine providers, and administrators.8 3 • Payers...adequate resources to fund both national security and quality health care. Competing civilian sector requirements will also make it increasingly difficult

  17. 10 CFR 70.14 - Foreign military aircraft. (United States)


    ... 10 Energy 2 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Foreign military aircraft. 70.14 Section 70.14 Energy....14 Foreign military aircraft. The regulations in this part do not apply to persons who carry special nuclear material (other than plutonium) in aircraft of the armed forces of foreign nations subject to 49 U...

  18. Educators Supporting Families in Times of Crisis: Military Reserve Deployments (United States)

    Harrison, Judy; Vannest, Kimberly J.


    With the large number of National Guard members and reservists being deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan, public educators find themselves endeavoring to support the emotional and academic needs of military children and their families. Military children may exhibit behavioral and emotional difficulties during these deployments. Educator awareness of…

  19. military leadership development: the five point star model for the ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    The need for research on leadership development in the SANDF is accentuated by the findings of Van Dyk, a clinical psychologist at the South African. Military Academy. ... SANDF's current doctrine and military organisation and structure are still ..... model. - Leadership research. - Translation of research. - National asset.

  20. Assessment of Military Cultural Competence: A Pilot Study. (United States)

    Meyer, Eric G; Hall-Clark, Brittany N; Hamaoka, Derrick; Peterson, Alan L


    Cultural competence is widely considered a cornerstone of patient care. Efforts to improve military cultural competency have recently gained national attention. Assessment of cultural competence is a critical component to this effort, but no assessment of military cultural competence currently exists. An assessment of military cultural competence (AMCC) was created through broad input and consensus. Careful review of previous cultural competency assessment designs and analysis techniques was considered. The AMCC was organized into three sections: skills, attitudes, and knowledge. In addition to gathering data to determine absolute responses from groups with different exposure levels to the military (direct, indirect, and none), paired questions were utilized to assess relative competencies between military culture and culture in general. Piloting of the AMCC revealed significant differences between military exposure groups. Specifically, those with personal military exposure were more likely to be in absolute agreement that the military is a culture, were more likely to screen for military culture, and had increased knowledge of military culture compared to those with no military exposure. Relative differences were more informative. For example, all groups were less likely to agree that their personal culture could be at odds with military culture as compared to other cultures. Such perceptions could hinder asking difficult questions and thus undermine care. The AMCC is a model for the measurement of the skills, attitudes, and knowledge related to military cultural competence. With further validity testing, the AMCC will be helpful in the critical task of measuring outcomes in ongoing efforts to improve military cultural competence. The novel approach of assessing variance appears to reduce bias and may also be helpful in the design of other cultural competency assessments.

  1. Exposure Science for Terrorist Attacks and Theaters of Military Conflict: Minimizing Contact with Toxicants (United States)

    Lioy, Paul J.


    The strategies for protecting our deployed U.S. Forces are outlined in National Research Council documents published in 1999–2000. This article summarizes experiences and information gathered and interpreted regarding population and rescue workers’ exposures in the aftermath of the 2001 World Trade Center attacks, with the aim to provide insights on issues related to military deployment to locations with hazardous agents. Issues coveted include phases of exposure, materials of concern, detection equipment, and personal protection equipment. The focus is on human exposure issues, which are primarily associated with strategies 1 through 3 of the National Research Council’s report entitled “Protecting Those Who Serve: Strategies to Protect the Health of Deployed U.S. Forces”. Contact and duration of contact with hazardous substances are critical areas of concern, which require prevention and intervention procedures and protocols to reduce the incidence of acute and long-term health outcomes. PMID:21916334

  2. Organizational commitment of military physicians. (United States)

    Demir, Cesim; Sahin, Bayram; Teke, Kadir; Ucar, Muharrem; Kursun, Olcay


    An individual's loyalty or bond to his or her employing organization, referred to as organizational commitment, influences various organizational outcomes such as employee motivation, job satisfaction, performance, accomplishment of organizational goals, employee turnover, and absenteeism. Therefore, as in other sectors, employee commitment is crucial also in the healthcare market. This study investigates the effects of organizational factors and personal characteristics on organizational commitment of military physicians using structural equation modeling (SEM) on a self-report, cross-sectional survey that consisted of 635 physicians working in the 2 biggest military hospitals in Turkey. The results of this study indicate that professional commitment and organizational incentives contribute positively to organizational commitment, whereas conflict with organizational goals makes a significantly negative contribution to it. These results might help develop strategies to increase employee commitment, especially in healthcare organizations, because job-related factors have been found to possess greater impact on organizational commitment than personal characteristics.




    Growth of Military StatesAs late as 1961 the African image had not been tarnished to any great extent by the incidence of military coups. Indeed, a field study tour conducted in 1960- 1 - the year of independence as it has been called - to investigate the place of the armed forces in societies in Africa did not provide the evidence on which to forecast the eventual spate of coups. Togo was the first country in West Africa to experience a military coup when on 13 January 1963 Togolese soldiers...

  4. 32 CFR 643.13 - Military requirement for real estate under grant. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military requirement for real estate under grant... (CONTINUED) REAL PROPERTY REAL ESTATE General § 643.13 Military requirement for real estate under grant. When a military requirement arises for real estate which is being used under a grant of non-Army use, the...

  5. 32 CFR 635.14 - Accounting for military police record disclosure. (United States)


    ... 32 National Defense 4 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Accounting for military police record disclosure... § 635.14 Accounting for military police record disclosure. (a) AR 340-21 prescribes accounting policies and procedures concerning the disclosure of military police records. (b) Provost Marshals/Directors...

  6. 32 CFR 22.520 - Campus access for military recruiting and Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). (United States)


    ... ADMINISTRATION National Policy Matters § 22.520 Campus access for military recruiting and Reserve Officer..., restricting campus access of military recruiters or the Reserve Officer Training Corps (ROTC). (2) By...'s primary implementation of that statute in 32 CFR part 216, “Military Recruiting and...

  7. 32 CFR Appendix A of Part 216 - Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry (United States)


    ... DEFENSE (CONTINUED) MISCELLANEOUS MILITARY RECRUITING AND RESERVE OFFICER TRAINING CORPS PROGRAM ACCESS TO INSTITUTIONS OF HIGHER EDUCATION Information requirements. Pt. 216, App. A Appendix A of Part 216—Military... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military Recruiting Sample Letter of Inquiry...

  8. The indicators of the national strategy for sustainable development 2010-2013 - 2012 issue; Les indicateurs de la strategie nationale de developpement durable 2010-2013 - edition 2012

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)



    The French national strategy for sustainable development has been adopted within the context of the Grenelle de l'Environnement. Fifteen key indicators (raw materials, early exits from the education system, research and development, women participation to governance bodies, aggregated emissions of six greenhouse gases, carbon print, renewable energies, energy consumption in transports and GDP, abundance index of common bird populations, soil artificialization, life expectancy and healthy life expectancy, monetary poverty rate after social transfers, senior employment rate, share of young people out of work and out of education, public aid to development) and four indicators of economic and social context (gross domestic income and GDP per inhabitant, unemployment and under-employment rates, income distribution, total fertility rate) have been defined. These indicators are presented and discussed with respect with nine different challenges

  9. Using vis-NIR to predict soil organic carbon and clay at national scale: validation of geographically closest resampling strategy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Peng, Yi; Knadel, Maria; Greve, Mette Balslev


    The Danish soil visible-near infrared (vis-NIR) spectral library has proved capable of predicting soil properties in Denmark such as soil organic carbon (SOC) at field scale using the geographically closest resampling strategy. However, this strategy has only been tested on one Danish local field....../farm and for future application it is necessary to extend this approach to all types of Danish soils and evaluate the predictive capabilities of the library at national scale. In the present study, partial least squares regression was used to develop models and predict topsoil SOC (490 samples) and clay contents (442...... samples) for soils from each 7-km grid sampling point in the country. In the resampling and modelling process, each target sample was predicted by a specific model which was calibrated using geographically closest soil spectra. The geographically closest 20, 30, 40, and 50 sampling points (profiles) were...

  10. Using a SWOT analysis to inform healthy eating and physical activity strategies for a remote First Nations community in Canada. (United States)

    Skinner, Kelly; Hanning, Rhona M; Sutherland, Celine; Edwards-Wheesk, Ruby; Tsuji, Leonard J S


    To plan community-driven health promotion strategies based on a strengths, weaknesses, opportunities, and threats (SWOT) analysis of the healthy eating and physical activity patterns of First Nation (FN) youth. Cross-sectional qualitative and quantitative data used to develop SWOT themes and strategies. Remote, subarctic FN community of Fort Albany, Ontario, Canada. Adult (n  =  25) and youth (n  =  66, grades 6-11) community members. Qualitative data were collected using five focus groups with adults (two focus groups) and youth (three focus groups), seven individual interviews with adults, and an environmental scan of 13 direct observations of events/locations (e.g., the grocery store). Quantitative data on food/physical activity behaviors were collected using a validated Web-based survey with youth. Themes were identified from qualitative and quantitative data and were analyzed and interpreted within a SWOT matrix. Thirty-two SWOT themes were identified (e.g., accessibility of existing facilities, such as the gymnasium). The SWOT analysis showed how these themes could be combined and transformed into 12 strategies (e.g., expanding and enhancing the school snack/breakfast program) while integrating suggestions from the community. SWOT analysis was a beneficial tool that facilitated the combination of local data and community ideas in the development of targeted health promotion strategies for the FN community of Fort Albany.

  11. Proposing a Pedigree Risk Measurement Strategy: Capturing the Intergenerational Transmission of Antisocial Behavior in a Nationally Representative Sample of Adults. (United States)

    Schwartz, Joseph A; Connolly, Eric J; Beaver, Kevin M; Nedelec, Joseph L; Vaughn, Michael G


    An impressive literature has revealed that variation in virtually every measurable phenotype is the result of a combination of genetic and environmental influences. Based on these findings, studies that fail to use genetically informed modeling strategies risk model misspecification and biased parameter estimates. Twin- and adoption-based research designs have frequently been used to overcome this limitation. Despite the many advantages of such approaches, many available datasets do not contain samples of twins, siblings or adoptees, making it impossible to utilize these modeling strategies. The current study proposes a measurement strategy for estimating the intergenerational transmission of antisocial behavior (ASB) within a nationally representative sample of singletons using an extended pedigree risk approach that relies on information from first- and second-degree relatives. An evaluation of this approach revealed a pattern of findings that directly aligned with studies examining ASB using more traditional twin- and adoption-based research designs. While the proposed pedigree risk approach is not capable of effectively isolating genetic and environmental influences, this overall alignment in results provides tentative evidence suggesting that the proposed pedigree risk measure effectively captures genetic influences. Future replication studies are necessary as this observation remains preliminary. Whenever possible, more traditional quantitative genetic methodologies should be favored, but the presented strategy remains a viable alternative for more limited samples.

  12. Practical strategies for providing culturally sensitive, ethical care in developing nations. (United States)

    Crigger, Nancy J; Holcomb, Lygia


    Providing health care in developing nations results in cultural and ethical challenges for health care professionals. The authors' intent is to raise readers' awareness of how to maintain an ethical and culturally sensitive approach to practice in developing nations. Four practical approaches to ethical decision-making, developed from the literature and praxis, in conjunction with traditional moral theory and guidelines from professional and international organizations are discussed. Ethical multiculturalism, a view that combines universalism and multiculturalism undergirds culturally appropriate and ethically responsive decisions.

  13. ICT Policies and Strategies in Higher Education in South Africa: National and Institutional Pathways (United States)

    Cross, Michael; Adam, Fatima


    This paper focuses on policy initiatives and strategies used to promote the use of information and communication technologies (ICTs) in higher education in South Africa. It explores a wider international outlook and current debates in South Africa to map out an emerging South African perspective concerning the integration of ICT in higher…

  14. Education Abroad, Human Capital Development, and National Competitiveness: China's Brain Gain Strategies (United States)

    Pan, Su-Yan


    This is a documentary study of education abroad policy in the People's Republic of China (PRC) between 1978 and 2009. By examining the dynamics underpinning the PRC state's efforts to shape the flow of Chinese students and scholars from and into China, this article reveals the major strategies that have enabled education abroad to become a source…

  15. Economic Diplomacy in the Innovation Global Value Chains as the National Security Providing Strategy Component

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitaliy Omelyanenko


    Full Text Available The article deals with the analyzes of economic diplomacy application in the area of innovations. The strategy of economic diplomacy by improving the efficiency in global value chain participation was considered. The main effects of commercial diplomacy using in the innovation area were identified. The world experience using economic diplomacy in the innovation sphere was considered.

  16. Cross-National Perspectives on Early Adolescence: Implications and Strategies for Public Health Prevention and Interventions (United States)

    Swahn, Monica H.


    The current special issue brings together intriguing and important cross-country comparisons of issues pertinent to early adolescence that can inform the design and implementation of broader and relevant public health prevention strategies. The findings illustrate the importance of cross-country analyses for better understanding a range of…

  17. National Strategy on Intellectual Property Rights to Be Launched This Year

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)


    @@ Ms. Chen Zhili, a State Councilor,expressed on the Glooal Forum on Intellectual Property Rights Protection and Innovation that a plan on the preparation of China's strategy on intellectual property rights would be issued and put into implcmentation this year, in an effort to jointly create a harmonious environment in which dialogue instead of confrontation will prevail.. At the forum, Mr.

  18. Minimalist Medical Diplomacy - Do Engagements Achieve US National Strategy Global Health Security Objectives? (United States)


    34The condition of infrastructure is often a barometer of whether a society will slip further into violence or make a peaceful transition out of the...institutionalization of minimalist stabilization, described as an innovative , low-cost small footprint approach to Phase 0 and IV operations.54 This strategy

  19. Land-Based Air in a National Maritime Strategy: The Need for a Joint Strategic Doctrine. (United States)


    34 U.S. Naval Institute Proceedings, August 1985, pp. 34-38. 21. See Karl Deutsch, The Nerves of Government: Models of Political Communication and...Models of Political Communication and Control. London: Free Press of Glencoe, 1963. Dunn, K. and Staudenmeler, W.O. "Strategy for Survival." Foreian

  20. 78 FR 19514 - National Fish, Wildlife, and Plants Climate Adaptation Strategy (United States)


    ... incorporated in the development of this final document. The Strategy is available at http://www... systems provide to people, creating new challenges for human health, infrastructure, agriculture...; wildlife-related tourism and recreation; food and forest production; and, ultimately, our health...