WorldWideScience

Sample records for monitor pass mining

  1. MONITORING OF MINING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berislav Šebečić

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available The way mining was monitored in the past depended on knowledge, interest and the existing legal regulations. Documentary evidence about this work can be found in archives, libraries and museums. In particular, there is the rich archival material (papers and books concerning the work of the one-time Imperial and Royal Mining Captaincies in Zagreb, Zadar, Klagenfurt and Split, A minor part of the documentation has not yet been transferred to Croatia. From mining handbooks and books we can also find out about mining in Croatia. In the context of Austro-Hungary. For example, we can find out that the first governorships in Zagreb and Zadar headed the Ban, Count Jelacic and Baron Mamula were also the top mining authorities, though this, probably from political motives, was suppressed in the guides and inventories or the Mining Captaincies. At the end of the 1850s, Croatia produced 92-94% of sea salt, up to 8.5% of sulphur, 19.5% of asphalt and 100% of oil for the Austro-Hungarian empire. From data about mining in the Split Mining Captaincy, prepared for the Philadephia Exhibition, it can be seen that in the exploratory mining operations in which there were 33,372 independent mines declared in 1925 they were looking mainly for bauxite (60,0%, then dark coal (19,0%, asphalts (10.3% and lignites (62%. In 1931, within the area covered by the same captaincy, of 74 declared mines, only 9 were working. There were five coal mines, three bauxite mines and one for asphalt. I suggest that within state institution, the Mining Captaincy or Authority be renewed, or that a Mining and Geological Authority be set ap, which would lead to the more complete affirmation of Croatian mining (the paper is published in Croatian.

  2. Computer monitors mine conditions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brezovec, D.

    1981-08-01

    At Cape Breton Development Corp's No. 26 Colliery in Canada, a Transmitton microprocessor-based system monitors methane concentrations, air velocities and pressures, fan vibration, machine temperatures and pump pressures continuously. Longwall mining at the colliery operating under the ocean is briefly described.

  3. Digital Solution to Mining Image Monitor System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘越男; 孙继平; 苏辉; 那景芳

    2001-01-01

    The thesis describes an advanced digital solution to mining digital image monitor system, which makes up the shortage of the traditional mining analog image monitor. It illustrates the system components and how to choose the encoder bandwidth of the system. The problem of image multicast and its solution in LAN are also discussed.

  4. Continuous respirable mine dust monitor development

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cantrell, B.K.; Williams, K.L.; Stein, S.W. [and others

    1996-12-31

    In June 1992, the Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA) published the Report of the Coal Mine Respirable Dust Task Group, Review of the Program to Control Respirable Coal Mine Dust in the United States. As one of its recommendations, the report called for the accelerated development of two mine dust monitors: (1) a fixed-site monitor capable of providing continuous information on dust levels to the miner, mine operator, and to MSHA, if necessary, and (2) a personal sampling device capable of providing both a short-term personal exposure measurement as well as a full-shift measurement. In response to this recommendation, the U.S. Bureau of Mines initiated the development of a fixed-site machine-mounted continuous respirable dust monitor. The technology chosen for monitor development is the Rupprecht and Patashnick Co., Inc. tapered element oscillating microbalance. Laboratory and in-mine tests have indicated that, with modification, this sensor can meet the humidity and vibration requirements for underground coal mine use. The U.S. Department of Energy Pittsburgh Research Center (DOE-PRC) is continuing that effort by developing prototypes of a continuous dust monitor based on this technology. These prototypes are being evaluated in underground coal mines as they become available. This effort, conducted as a joint venture with MSHA, is nearing completion with every promise of success.

  5. Efficient Mining of Association Rules by Reducing the Number of Passes over the Database

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李庆忠; 王海洋; 闫中敏; 马绍汉

    2001-01-01

    This paper introduces a new algorithm of mining association rules.The algorithm RP counts the itemsets with different sizes in the same pass of scanning over the database by dividing the database into m partitions. The total number of passes over the database is only (k+2m-2)/m, where k is the longest size in the itemsets. It is much less than k.

  6. Robust processing of mining subsidence monitoring data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wang Mingzhong; Huang Guogang [Pingdingshan Mining Bureau (China); Wang Yunjia; Guogangli [China Univ. of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China)

    1996-12-31

    Since China began to do research on mining subsidence in 1950s, more than one thousand lines have been observed. Yet, monitoring data sometimes contain quite a lot of outliers because of the limit of observation and geological mining conditions. In China, nowdays, the method of processing mining subsidence monitoring data is based on the principle of the least square method. It is possible to produce lower accuracy, less reliability, or even errors. For reason given above, the authors, according to Chinese actual situation, have done some research work on the robust processing of mining subsidence monitoring data in respect of how to get prediction parameters. The authors have derived related formulas, designed some computational programmes, done a great quantity of actual calculation and simulation, and achieved good results. (orig.)

  7. A Review of Indirect Bridge Monitoring Using Passing Vehicles

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdollah Malekjafarian

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Indirect bridge monitoring methods, using the responses measured from vehicles passing over bridges, are under development for about a decade. A major advantage of these methods is that they use sensors mounted on the vehicle, no sensors or data acquisition system needs to be installed on the bridge. Most of the proposed methods are based on the identification of dynamic characteristics of the bridge from responses measured on the vehicle, such as natural frequency, mode shapes, and damping. In addition, some of the methods seek to directly detect bridge damage based on the interaction between the vehicle and bridge. This paper presents a critical review of indirect methods for bridge monitoring and provides discussion and recommendations on the challenges to be overcome for successful implementation in practice.

  8. Application of Remote Sensing Technology in Mine Environment Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Li Yue

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Mine environment problem caused by the exploitation of mineral resources has become a key factor which affects normal production of mine and safety of ecological environment for human settlement. For better protection and management of mine environment, this article has introduced the important role of remote sensing technology in pollution monitoring of mine environment, geological disaster monitoring and monitoring of mining activities.

  9. Single Pass Stripline Beam Position Monitor Design, Fabrication and Commissioning

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    McKinlay J.

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available To monitor the position of the electron beam during transport from the Booster Synchrotron to the Storage Ring at the Australian Synchrotron, a stripline Beam Position Monitor (BPM has been designed, fabricated and installed in-house. The design was based on an existing stripline in the Booster and modified for the transfer line with a particular emphasis on ensuring the line impedance is properly matched to the detector system. The initial bench tests of a prototype stripline showed that the fabrication of the four individual striplines in the BPM was made precisely, each with a measured standing wave ratio (SWR of 1.8 at 500 MHz. Further optimization for impedance matching will be done for new stripline BPMs. The linearity and gain factor was measured with the detector system. The detector system that digitizes the signals is an Instrumentation Technologies Brilliance Single Pass [1]. The results show an error of 1 mm at an offset (from the electrical centre of 10 mm when a linear gain factor is assumed and an RMS noise of ~150 um that decreases to < 10 um with increasing signal intensity. The results were under our requirements for the transport line. The commissioning results of the stripline will also be presented showing a strong signal for an electron beam with an estimated integrated charge of ~50 nC with a position stability of 28 um (horizontal and 75 um (vertical.

  10. Hazard monitoring in mines using fibre optic sensors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, T.; Wang, C.; Wei, Y.; Zhao, Y.; Huo, D.; Shang, Y.; Wang, Z.; Ning, Y.

    2009-10-01

    We report the development of a comprehensive safety monitoring solution for coal mines. A number of fibre optic sensors have been developed and deployed for safety monitoring of mine roof integrity and hazardous gases. The FOS-based mine hazard detection system offers unique advantages of intrinsic safety, multi-location and multi-parameter monitoring. They can be potentially used to build expert systems for mine hazard early detection and prevention.

  11. Application of a microseismic monitoring system in deep mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chengxiang Yang; Zhouquan Luo; Guobin Hu; Xiaoming Liu

    2007-01-01

    A microseismic monitoring system was used in the Donggua Shan underground copper mine,and its application was introduced.The spacial distribution of the seismic event was monitored effectively during mining with this system.The distribution of the seismic intensity in different time periods and in the different mining districts was obtained via the clustering analysis of the monitored results,and the different intensity concentration districts of seismicity were compartmentalized.The various characteristics and waveforms of different vibrations in the underground mine were revealed with the help of the micro-seismic monitoring system.It was proved that the construction and application of the micro-seismic monitoring system in the mine not only realized the continuous monitoring of seismicity in the deep mine,but also settled an important foundation for further studies on hazard prediction,based on this system.

  12. Environmental monitoring at the Seqi olivine mine 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Jens; Asmund, Gert

    The olivine mine at Seqi in West Greenland operated between 2005 and 2010. Since 2004, environmental monitoring studies have been conducted at Seqi every year in order to assess premining conditions and subsequently the impact from mining during operation. This report contains the results from......) in 2010. Consequently, the environmental impact of the mine at Seqi has decreased and is considered insignificant for the Niaquungunaq fjord system....... monitoring studies conducted in 2010. Results from previous years have shown that operation of the mine caused levels of some elements, particularly chromium and nickel, to increase in lichens, blue mussels and seaweed within the surrounding area compared to pre-mining conditions. The main source...

  13. Tube bundle system: for monitoring of coal mine atmosphere.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zipf, R Karl; Marchewka, W; Mohamed, K; Addis, J; Karnack, F

    2013-05-01

    A tube bundle system (TBS) is a mechanical system for continuously drawing gas samples through tubes from multiple monitoring points located in an underground coal mine. The gas samples are drawn via vacuum pump to the surface and are typically analyzed for oxygen, methane, carbon dioxide and carbon monoxide. Results of the gas analyses are displayed and recorded for further analysis. Trends in the composition of the mine atmosphere, such as increasing methane or carbon monoxide concentration, can be detected early, permitting rapid intervention that prevents problems, such as a potentially explosive atmosphere behind seals, fire or spontaneous combustion. TBS is a well-developed technology and has been used in coal mines around the world for more than 50 years. Most longwall coal mines in Australia deploy a TBS, usually with 30 to 40 monitoring points as part of their atmospheric monitoring. The primary uses of a TBS are detecting spontaneous combustion and maintaining sealed areas inert. The TBS might also provide mine atmosphere gas composition data after a catastrophe occurs in an underground mine, if the sampling tubes are not damaged. TBSs are not an alternative to statutory gas and ventilation airflow monitoring by electronic sensors or people; rather, they are an option to consider in an overall mine atmosphere monitoring strategy. This paper describes the hardware, software and operation of a TBS and presents one example of typical data from a longwall coal mine.

  14. Deformation Monitoring of Waste-Rock-Backfilled Mining Gob for Ground Control

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Tongbin; Zhang, Yubao; Zhang, Zhenyu; Li, Zhanhai; Ma, Shuqi

    2017-01-01

    Backfill mining is an effective option to mitigate ground subsidence, especially for mining under surface infrastructure, such as buildings, dams, rivers and railways. To evaluate its performance, continual long-term field monitoring of the deformation of backfilled gob is important to satisfy strict public scrutiny. Based on industrial Ethernet, a real-time monitoring system was established to monitor the deformation of waste-rock-backfilled gob at −700 m depth in the Tangshan coal mine, Hebei Province, China. The designed deformation sensors, based on a resistance transducer mechanism, were placed vertically between the roof and floor. Stress sensors were installed above square steel plates that were anchored to the floor strata. Meanwhile, data cables were protected by steel tubes in case of damage. The developed system continually harvested field data for three months. The results show that industrial Ethernet technology can be reliably used for long-term data transmission in complicated underground mining conditions. The monitoring reveals that the roof subsidence of the backfilled gob area can be categorized into four phases. The bearing load of the backfill developed gradually and simultaneously with the deformation of the roof strata, and started to be almost invariable when the mining face passed 97 m. PMID:28475168

  15. Deformation Monitoring of Waste-Rock-Backfilled Mining Gob for Ground Control.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Tongbin; Zhang, Yubao; Zhang, Zhenyu; Li, Zhanhai; Ma, Shuqi

    2017-05-05

    Backfill mining is an effective option to mitigate ground subsidence, especially for mining under surface infrastructure, such as buildings, dams, rivers and railways. To evaluate its performance, continual long-term field monitoring of the deformation of backfilled gob is important to satisfy strict public scrutiny. Based on industrial Ethernet, a real-time monitoring system was established to monitor the deformation of waste-rock-backfilled gob at -700 m depth in the Tangshan coal mine, Hebei Province, China. The designed deformation sensors, based on a resistance transducer mechanism, were placed vertically between the roof and floor. Stress sensors were installed above square steel plates that were anchored to the floor strata. Meanwhile, data cables were protected by steel tubes in case of damage. The developed system continually harvested field data for three months. The results show that industrial Ethernet technology can be reliably used for long-term data transmission in complicated underground mining conditions. The monitoring reveals that the roof subsidence of the backfilled gob area can be categorized into four phases. The bearing load of the backfill developed gradually and simultaneously with the deformation of the roof strata, and started to be almost invariable when the mining face passed 97 m.

  16. Environmental Monitoring at the Nalunaq Gold Mine, South Greenland, 2011

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Lis; Asmund, Gert; Søndergaard, Jens

    This eighth environmental monitoring programme was conducted in the Nalunaq area, about 40 km from Nanortalik, South Greenland, from 29 August to 12 September 2011. The environmental monitoring program is conducted to trace and avoid unwanted impacts of the mining industry to the environment. Since...... to the use of cyanide to extract gold from the ore, strict control with the outfl ow of cyanide from the mine to the Kirkespir Valley is performed. The described impact on the environment of the Kirkespir Valley, both terrestrial, freshwater and marine, is considered to be minor, and is generally lower than...... the monitoring in 2010, the mining company Gold Angel Mining A/S is breaking new ore, but is also carrying previously broken ore with low grade back to the mine with vehicles with limited speed and load capacity. The gold is recovered by the use of chemical extraction (carbon-in-pulp) using cyanide. Due...

  17. Coal mining GPS subsidence monitoring technology and its application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Jian; Peng Xiangguo; Xu Chang hui

    2011-01-01

    We proved theoretically that geodetic height,measured with Global Positioning System (GPS),can be applied directly to monitor coal mine subsidence.Based on a Support Vector Machine (SVM) model,we built a regional geoid model with a Gaussian Radial Basis Function (RBF) and the technical scheme for GPS coal mine subsidence monitoring is presented to provide subsidence information for updating the regional Digital Elevation Model (DEM).The theory proposed was applied to monitor mining subsidence in an Inner Mongolia coal mine in China.The scheme established an accurate GPS reference network and a comprehensive leveling conjunction provided the normal height of all GPS control points.According to the case study,the SVM model to establish geoid-model is better than a polynomial fit or a Genetic Algorithm based Back Propagation (GA-BP) neural network.GPS-RTK measurements of coal mine subsidence information can be quickly acquired for updating the DEM.

  18. Study of monitoring mining subsidence in coal mining area by D-InSAR technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI Liang; LI Wen-jie; TAN Yang

    2008-01-01

    Along with the increasing demand for coal and the great importance attached to mine safety, gaining the information of mine surface distortion timely has already become an urgent need to guarantee the safety of mine production. D-InSAR technology is a new measure which can provide the information of surface distortion in mining areas at centi-meter level through the processing of SAR image gained from radar satellite. In addition, this technology has the advantage of monitoring large areas with no weather limit. Intro-duced the basic principle and data processing steps of D-InSAR systematically and ac-quired the differential interferometry based on case study data. The advantages of D-InSAR and it's usability in monitoring mining subsidence in coal mining areas were proved.

  19. Study of monitoring mining subsidence in coal mining area by D-InSAR technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PEI Liang; LI Wen-jie; TAN Yang

    2008-01-01

    Along with the increasing demand for coal and the great importance attached to mine safety,gaining the information of mine surface distortion timely has already become an urgent need to guarantee the safety of mine production.D-InSAR technology is a new measure which can provide the information of surface distortion in mining areas at centimeter level through the processing of SAR image gained from radar satellite.In addition,this technology has the advantage of monitoring large areas with no weather limit.Introduced the basic principle and data processing steps of D-InSAR systematically and acquired the differential interferometry based on case study data.The advantages of D-InSAR and it's usability in monitoring mining subsidence in coal mining areas were proved.

  20. Monitoring genotoxic exposure in uranium mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sram, R.J.; Vesela, D.; Vesely, D. [Institute of Experimental Medicine, Prague (Czech Republic)] [and others

    1993-10-01

    Recent data from deep uranium mines in Czechoslovakia indicated that miners are exposed to other mutagenic factors in addition to radon daughter products. Mycotoxins were identified as a possible source of mutagens in these mines. Mycotoxins were examined in 38 samples from mines and in throat swabs taken from 116 miners and 78 controls. The following mycotoxins were identified from mines samples: aflatoxins B{sub 1} and G1, citrinin, citreoviridin, mycophenolic acid, and sterigmatocystin. Some mold strains isolated from mines and throat swabs were investigated for mutagenic activity by the SOS chromotest and Salmonella assay with strains TA100 and TA98. Mutagenicity was observed, especially with metabolic activation in citro. These data suggest that mycotoxins produced by molds in uranium mines are a new genotoxic factor im uranium miners. 17 refs., 4 tabs.

  1. Environmental monitoring at the Seqi olivine mine 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søndergaard, Jens; Asmund, Gert

    The olivine mine at Seqi in West Greenland operated between 2005 and 2010. Since 2004, environmental monitoring studies have been conducted at Seqi every year in order to assess premining conditions and subsequently the impact from mining during operation. This report contains the results from...

  2. Mapping and monitoring coal mine subsidence using LiDAR and InSAR

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Froese, C.R.; Mei, S. [Alberta Geological Survey, Edmonton, AB (Canada). Energy Resources Conservation Board

    2008-07-01

    In the early 1900s, the abandonment of coal mines in Alberta was not regulated and closure documentation was poor. Although the general locations of mines are known, the locations of the specific adits and shafts are not. As such, there are many cases in southwestern Alberta where infrastructure was built on top of old coal mine workings without any detailed records of the abandoned mine or displacement monitoring. The crowns of these workings have been subject to ongoing strain that is reflected at the surface. The rate at which the strain is progressing prior to collapse is not well understood. Mitigation of collapse events is site specific and reactive. This paper demonstrated that airborne LiDAR and spaceborne InSAR technologies can provide valuable information on the distribution of abandoned underground coal mine workings. Both remote sensing techniques were used on Turtle Mountain in the Crowsnest Pass to obtain quantitative information on landslide mechanics, including the patterns and rate of ground movement and subsidence. These techniques can be used to map the location of surface collapse and delineate the location of the coal mine workings that were not previously documented. It was concluded that these technologies will likely become more readily available in the future and incorporated into geo-engineering practices for use in ground hazard detection, monitoring and management. 8 refs., 6 figs.

  3. Stress monitoring versus microseismic ruptures in an active deep mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tonnellier, Alice; Bouffier, Christian; Bigarré, Pascal; Nyström, Anders; Österberg, Anders; Fjellström, Peter

    2015-04-01

    Nowadays, underground mining industry has developed high-technology mass mining methods to optimise the productivity at deep levels. Such massive extraction induces high-level stress redistribution generating seismic events around the mining works, threatening safety and economics. For this reason mining irregular deep ore bodies calls for steadily enhanced scientific practises and technologies to guarantee the mine environment to be safer and stable for the miners and the infrastructures. INERIS, within the framework of the FP7 European project I2Mine and in partnership with the Swedish mining company Boliden, has developed new methodologies in order to monitor both quasi-static stress changes and ruptures in a seismic prone area. To this purpose, a unique local permanent microseismic and stress monitoring network has been installed into the deep-working Garpenberg mine situated to the north of Uppsala (Sweden). In this mine, ore is extracted using sublevel stoping with paste fill production/distribution system and long-hole drilling method. This monitoring network has been deployed between about 1100 and 1250 meter depth. It consists in six 1-component and five 3-component microseismic probes (14-Hz geophones) deployed in the Lappberget area, in addition to three 3D stress monitoring cells that focus on a very local exploited area. Objective is three-fold: to quantify accurately quasi-static stress changes and freshly-induced stress gradients with drift development in the orebody, to study quantitatively those stress changes versus induced detected and located microseismic ruptures, and possibly to identify quasi-static stress transfer from those seismic ruptures. Geophysical and geotechnical data are acquired continuously and automatically transferred to INERIS datacenter through the web. They are made available on a secured web cloud monitoring infrastructure called e.cenaris and completed with mine data. Such interface enables the visualisation of the

  4. Mining Land Subsidence Monitoring Using SENTINEL-1 SAR Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yuan, W.; Wang, Q.; Fan, J.; Li, H.

    2017-09-01

    In this paper, DInSAR technique was used to monitor land subsidence in mining area. The study area was selected in the coal mine area located in Yuanbaoshan District, Chifeng City, and Sentinel-1 data were used to carry out DInSAR techniqu. We analyzed the interferometric results by Sentinel-1 data from December 2015 to May 2016. Through the comparison of the results of DInSAR technique and the location of the mine on the optical images, it is shown that DInSAR technique can be used to effectively monitor the land subsidence caused by underground mining, and it is an effective tool for law enforcement of over-mining.

  5. Continuous mine environmental monitoring system - a case study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tripathy, D.P.; Sahu, H.B. [Regional Engineering College, Rourkela (India)

    2001-07-01

    The introduction of continuous remote environmental monitoring and control systems in modern coal mines is a great step forward in achieving increased mine safety, higher productivity and effective utilization of manpower. They provide alarms and displays of early warnings and impending dangerous conditions in the mine. They also provide facilities to monitor and control air quality, differential pressure, noise etc. Telemetry systems have distinct advantages over the old tube bundle techniques and are being increasingly used. This article discusses in detail the basic components and the functioning of telemonitoring systems in use with special reference to Colliery A, a degree-1 gassy coal mine worked by the bord and pillar method. The system monitors and processes data on temperature, methane and carbon monoxide. 1 figs., 3 tabs.

  6. Modelling a Skin-Pass Rolling Process by Means of Data Mining Techniques and Finite Element Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    R Escribano; R Lostado; F J Martlnezde-Pison; A Pernla; E Vergara

    2012-01-01

    An experience is presented using the finite element method (FEM) and data mining (DM) techniques to develop models that can be used to optimieze the skin-pass rolling process based on its operating conditions. A FE model based on a real skin-pass process is built and validated. Based on this model, a group of FE models is simulated with different adjustment parameters and with different materials for the sheet; both variables are chosen from pre-set ranges, From all FE model simulations, a database is generated; this database is made up of the above mentioned adjustment parameters, sheet properties and the variables of the process arising from the simulation of the model. Various types of data mining algorithms are used to develop predictive models for each of the variables of the process.The best predictive models can be used to predict experimentally hard-to-measure variables (internal stresses, internal straine, etc.) which are useful in the optimal design of the process or to be applied in real time control systems of a skin-pass process in -plant.

  7. Deep sea mining: Environmental monitoring and management

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, R.

    an environmental impact in the mining area. The sediment plume due to 'digging up' of these minerals from seabed and disposal of the waste material, will not only disturb the ecology of the seafloor, but also of the entire water column. Increase in turbidity...

  8. Continuous monitoring of barometric pressure in deep mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trutwin, W.; Mironowicz, W.; Wasilewski, S.; Krawczyk, J. [Research and Development Centre for Electrical Engineering and Automation in Mining EMAG, Katowice (Poland)

    2005-07-01

    Barometric pressure and its variation in deep underground workings have a considerable effect on ventilation conditions. Pressure changes which create transient states of air flow and air parameters in workings are especially significant. Experiments have shown that pressure changes have a remarkable effect on air parameters at mine workings. Continuous monitoring of the barometric pressure on the surface of mines allows for the detection of changes in pressure which influence alternations of pressure in the underground areas of mines. Important factors are the internal disturbances of pressure within a mine ventilation system due to variable conditions of fan operation and the operation of a winding machine where a mine cage moving in a shaft causes piston like disturbances. Local transient disturbances caused by temporary opening/closing of air stoppings due to personnel or underground transport traffic are of importance. The results of over two years of observations of barometric pressure and its influence on pressure variation in underground mine workings are presented. The observations were possible through the installation of pressure sensors at selected points of the downcast shaft in a mine. Of interest are the observations of the transient states of pressure and other air parameters caused by emergency fan stoppage, movement of a mine cage and changes due to the opening of air stoppings. Data acquired during experiments of opening and closing air stoppings were used for the validation of a flow model in a long working. 13 refs., 15 figs.

  9. Structural health monitoring meets data mining

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Miao, Shengfa

    2014-01-01

    With the development of sensing and data processing techniques, monitoring physical systems in the field with a sensor network is becoming a feasible option for many domains. Such monitoring systems are referred to as Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) systems. By definition, SHM is the process of i

  10. Environmental monitoring at the Nalunaq Gold Mine, South Greenland, 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, Christian Martin; Søndergaard, Jens; Asmund, Gert

    This seventh monitoring study was performed in the Nalunaq Gold Mine area, Nanortalik, South Greenland during 25-31 August 2010. No ore had been shipped to foreign gold production since the monitoring study in August 2009. Most work has dealt with the excavation of a production chamber...... an uncontaminated area. Samples were analysed for 11 elements with ICP-MS. In lichens, elevated concentrations (2-9 times of background levels) of copper (Cu), chromium (Cr), arsenic (As) and cobalt (Co) were found at the waste rock stockpile and in the mine area. A non-linear temporal trend with decreasing...

  11. Coal mine gas monitoring system based on wireless sensor network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Jian; WANG Ru-lin; WANG Xue-min; SHEN Chuan-he

    2007-01-01

    Based on the nowadays'condition.it is urgent that the gas detection cable communication system must be replaced by the wireless communication systems.The wireless sensors distributed in the environment can achieve the intelligent gas monitoring system.Apply with multilayer data fuse to design working tactics,and import the artificial neural networks to analyze detecting result.The wireless sensors system communicates with the controI center through the optical fiber cable.All the gas sensor nodes distributed in coal mine are combined into an intelligent,flexible structure wireless network system.forming coal mine gas monitoring system based on wireless sensor network.

  12. Interferometric methods for spatio temporal seismic monitoring in underground mines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dales, Philippe; Audet, Pascal; Olivier, Gerrit; Mercier, Jean-Philippe

    2017-08-01

    In active underground mining environments, monitoring of the rockmass has important implications for both safety and productivity. Monitoring can be accomplished by exploiting the many passive seismic sources (microearthquakes, drilling, ore-crushers etc.) around the mine on the condition they can be accurately detected and located. We implement a popular beamforming-like approach that uses cross-correlation functions in a maximum likelihood search to locate sources of seismic energy. We illustrate the technique with a synthetic example in which two simultaneous sources are located and discuss briefly the effects of different processing parameters. We demonstrate the effectiveness of this technique by monitoring both impulsive sources (microearthquakes) and other persistent sources (drilling and ore-crushers) in two active underground mines. We then propose how this information can be used in conjunction with ambient seismic noise interferometry to estimate seismic Green's functions under temporally variable and anisotropic wavefield conditions. Alternatively, we demonstrate how stable persistent sources, typically seen as contaminants in ambient noise applications, can be used to monitor changing rockmass conditions and potentially guide mining operations.

  13. PERMEABLE TREATMENT WALL EFFECTIVENESS MONITORING PROJECT, NEVADA STEWART MINE

    Science.gov (United States)

    This report summarizes the results of Mine Waste Technology Program (MWTP) Activity III, Project 39, Permeable Treatment Wall Effectiveness Monitoring Project, implemented and funded by the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) and jointly administered by EPA and the U.S. De...

  14. Monitoring of Soil Remediation Process in the Metal Mining Area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Kyoung-Woong; Ko, Myoung-Soo; Han, Hyeop-jo; Lee, Sang-Ho; Na, So-Young

    2016-04-01

    Stabilization using proper additives is an effective soil remediation technique to reduce As mobility in soil. Several researches have reported that Fe-containing materials such as amorphous Fe-oxides, goethite and hematite were effective in As immobilization and therefore acid mine drainage sludge (AMDS) may be potential material for As immobilization. The AMDS is the by-product from electrochemical treatment of acid mine drainage and mainly contains Fe-oxide. The Chungyang area in Korea is located in the vicinity of the huge abandoned Au-Ag Gubong mine which was closed in the 1970s. Large amounts of mine tailings have been remained without proper treatment and the mobilization of mine tailings can be manly occurred during the summer heavy rainfall season. Soil contamination from this mobilization may become an urgent issue because it can cause the contamination of groundwater and crop plants in sequence. In order to reduce the mobilization of the mine tailings, the pilot scale study of in-situ stabilization using AMDS was applied after the batch and column experiments in the lab. For the monitoring of stabilization process, we used to determine the As concentration in crop plants grown on the field site but it is not easily applicable because of time and cost. Therefore, we may need simple monitoring technique to measure the mobility or leachability which can be comparable with As concentration in crop plants. We compared several extraction methods to suggest the representative single extraction method for the monitoring of soil stabilization efficiency. Several selected extraction methods were examined and Mehlich 3 extraction method using the mixture of NH4F, EDTA, NH4NO3, CH3COOH and HNO3 was selected as the best predictor of the leachability or mobility of As in the soil remediation process.

  15. Environmental monitoring at the Nalunaq Gold Mine, South Greenland, 2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.

    Monitoring was performed in the Nalunaq Gold Mine area, Nanortalik mu-nicipality, South Greenland during 20-26 August 2004. This was eight months after the first shipment of ore. Samples were collected at four marine stations in the Kirkespir Bay, Arctic char were sampled in the Kirkespir River......, and li-chens were collected at 20 stations in the Kirkespir Valley. Samples were analysed for 10 elements with an ICP-MS. Concentrations of Zn, Cu, Cr, As and Co were elevated 3-9 times compared to background concentrations found prior to mine start. The increased level of contamination in the local area...

  16. ENVIRONMENTAL MONITORING AT THE NALUNAQ GOLD MINE, SOUTH GREENLAND, 2015

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bach, Lis; Birch Larsen, Morten

    This twelfth environmental monitoring programme was conducted in the Nalunaq area, about 40 km from Nanortalik, South Greenland, from 18-31 August 2015. The environmental monitoring programme is conducted to discover and avoid unwanted environmental impacts of the former mining industry. Since...... into the Kirkespir Valley and Kirkespir Bay environment. The content of metals in the terrestrial, freshwater, and marine environment in the Kirkespir Valley and Bay is decreasing and is considered minor. DCE/GINR assess that no requirement for further actions to reduce the environmental impact is needed....... Environmental monitoring will continue in 2016 and 2019....

  17. Application of micro-seismic monitoring technology in mining engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sun Jian; Wang Lianguo; Hou Huaqiang

    2012-01-01

    Micro-seismic phenomena,occurring when rock masses are subjected to forces and failures,allow the determination of their unstable states and failure zones by analyzing micro-seismic signals.We first present the principles of micro-seismic monitoring and location,as well as an underground explosion-proof micro-seismic monitoring system.Given a practical engineering application,we describe the application of micro-seismic monitoring technology in determining the height of a "two-zone" overburden,i.e.,a caving zone and a fracture zone,the width of a coal-pillar section and the depth of failure of a floor.The workfaces monitored accomplished safe and highly efficient mining based on our micro-seismic monitoring results and provide direct proof of the reliability and validity of micro-seismic monitoring technology.

  18. Environmental monitoring at the Nalunaq Gold Mine, South Greenland, 2004

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, C. M.; Asmund, G.

    Monitoring was performed in the Nalunaq Gold Mine area, Nanortalik mu-nicipality, South Greenland during 20-26 August 2004. This was eight months after the first shipment of ore. Samples were collected at four marine stations in the Kirkespir Bay, Arctic char were sampled in the Kirkespir River......, and li-chens were collected at 20 stations in the Kirkespir Valley. Samples were analysed for 10 elements with an ICP-MS. Concentrations of Zn, Cu, Cr, As and Co were elevated 3-9 times compared to background concentrations found prior to mine start. The increased level of contamination in the local area...... is moderate compared to contaminations found around closed mines in Greenland, i.e. Maarmorilik, Ivittuut and Mestersvig....

  19. 40 CFR 75.18 - Specific provisions for monitoring emissions from common and by-pass stacks for opacity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... emissions from common and by-pass stacks for opacity. 75.18 Section 75.18 Protection of Environment... Provisions § 75.18 Specific provisions for monitoring emissions from common and by-pass stacks for opacity. (a) Unit using common stack.When an affected unit utilizes a common stack with other affected...

  20. Monitoring and control of ventilation in Polish coal mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dziurzynski, W.; Roszkowski, J.; Tobiczyk, J.; Wasilewski, S. [Polish Academy of Sciences, Krakow (Poland). Strata Mechanics Research Institute

    2005-07-01

    In the 1990s, the SMP hazards monitoring and ventilation control systems, based on continuous measurement of air parameters, were put into operation at nearly 30 Polish mines. These systems provide continuous measurement of methane concentration within the range of zero to 100 per cent with automatic switching off of electrical energy immediately after detection of potentially explosive conditions. Early detection of coal spontaneous combustion and open fires is made by continuous measurements of CO, CO{sub 2}, smoke and O{sub 2} content in mine air as well as temperature changes in air and rock mass. The essence of the system is intrinsic safety of all underground instrumentation and uninterrupted central power supply from the surface. All abnormal and critical states are signalled to the mine control room. These trigger alarm and emergency procedures. The computer based ventilation monitoring and control system also performs the function of an expert system for fire detection and underground fire fighting. The mine control operator (dispatcher) makes use of stored data in computer escape route schemes and procedures for the safe withdrawal of miners from hazardous areas. The operator can put in motion intrinsically safe alarm signalling units and banners with programmed messages indicating escape routes. 7 refs., 6 figs.

  1. 75 FR 64411 - Lowering Miners' Exposure to Respirable Coal Mine Dust, Including Continuous Personal Dust Monitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-19

    ... the CMDPSU or CPDM and the sampled work shift is less than 8 hours, the value of t used for... Respirable Coal Mine Dust, Including Continuous Personal Dust Monitors; Proposed Rule #0;#0;Federal Register... to Respirable Coal Mine Dust, Including Continuous Personal Dust Monitors AGENCY: Mine Safety and...

  2. Facilities to monitor the upstream migration at the double slot fish pass Geesthacht; Einrichtungen zum Monitoring des Fischaufstiegs im Doppelschlitzpass Geesthacht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, Beate [Institut fuer angewandte Oekologie, Kirtorf-Wahlen (Germany); Neumann, Christof [Knabe Enders Duehrkop Ingenieure GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    Both fish passes at the Geesthacht dam are continuously monitored to not only provide long term data about fish movements through the passes, but also to verify the correct functioning of the recently constructed double slot pass. To evaluate the traceability of fish passes by upstream moving fishes, transponder technology is used on a grand scale for the first time. Here, antennas located within fish passes automatically detect movements of individuals marked with transponder tags. In addition, a specially designed trap is used to confirm the presence of upstream moving fish of all species and sizes and thereby validate the functionality of the double slot pass. The use of this trap facilitates the collection of continuous and reliable monitoring data even during high discharges and harsh environmental conditions, whilst maintaining health and safety regulations for the personnel in charge. (orig.)

  3. Experimental validation of a mine-wide continuous closure monitoring system as a decision making tool for gold mines.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Malan, DF

    2003-03-01

    Full Text Available of a mine-wide continuous closure monitoring system. A RMT remote reading telltale system was modified to operate as a closure system and installed at Mponeng Mine. Unfortunately, this system did not succeed in collecting data from a large number...

  4. Research on Key Technology of Mining Remote Sensing Dynamic Monitoring Information System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sun, J.; Xiang, H.

    2017-09-01

    Problems exist in remote sensing dynamic monitoring of mining are expounded, general idea of building remote sensing dynamic monitoring information system is presented, and timely release of service-oriented remote sensing monitoring results is established. Mobile device-based data verification subsystem is developed using mobile GIS, remote sensing dynamic monitoring information system of mining is constructed, and "timely release, fast handling and timely feedback" rapid response mechanism of remote sensing dynamic monitoring is implemented.

  5. Some studies on condition monitoring techniques for on line condition monitoring and fault diagnosis of mine winder motor.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarun Kumar. Chatterjee

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Survey of existing literature reveals that no serious attempt has been made so far to monitor the health of mine winder motors. The electrical motors are the critical equipment of the mine winders which require constant condition monitoring for planning the right time for their maintenance and thus ensure maximum machineavailability. In this research work an online condition monitoring instrumentation system has been developed based on axial flux, current and vibration monitoring technique for mine winder motor. The online condition monitoring instrumentation system is noninvasive in nature and can be connected with mine winder motors which are in operation. The developed instrumentation system would be able to diagnose the health of mine winder motor and the motor fault of incipient nature can be pinpointed by the trend analysis of the frequency spectrum of time varying signal of axial flux, motor current and vibration.

  6. Use of SAR interferometry for monitoring illegal mining activities: A case study at Xishimen Iron Ore Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ji Maowei; Li Xiaojing; Wu Shunchuan; Gao Yongtao; Ge Linlin

    2011-01-01

    The development and application of the “digital mine” concept in China depends heavily upon the use of remote sensing data as well as domestic expertise and awareness.Illegal mining of mineral resources has been a serious long term problem frustrating the Xishimen Iron Ore Mine management.This mine is located in Wu'an county in Hebei province,China.Illegal activities have led to enormous economic losses by interfering with the normal operation of the Xishimen mine and have ruined the surrounding environment and the stability of the Mahe riverbed the crosses the mined area.This paper is based on field reconnaissance taken over many years around the mine area.The ground survey data are integrated with Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (D-InSAR) results from ALOS/PALSAR data to pinpoint mining locations.By investigating the relationship between the resulting interferometric deformation pattern and the mining schedule,which is known a priori,areas affected by illegal mining activities are identified.To some extent these areas indicate the location of the illegal site.The results clearly demonstrate D-InSAR's ability to cost-effectively monitor illegal mining activities.

  7. Monitoring Data-Structure Evolution in Distributed Message-Passing Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sarukkai, Sekhar R.; Beers, Andrew; Woodrow, Thomas S. (Technical Monitor)

    1996-01-01

    Monitoring the evolution of data structures in parallel and distributed programs, is critical for debugging its semantics and performance. However, the current state-of-art in tracking and presenting data-structure information on parallel and distributed environments is cumbersome and does not scale. In this paper we present a methodology that automatically tracks memory bindings (not the actual contents) of static and dynamic data-structures of message-passing C programs, using PVM. With the help of a number of examples we show that in addition to determining the impact of memory allocation overheads on program performance, graphical views can help in debugging the semantics of program execution. Scalable animations of virtual address bindings of source-level data-structures are used for debugging the semantics of parallel programs across all processors. In conjunction with light-weight core-files, this technique can be used to complement traditional debuggers on single processors. Detailed information (such as data-structure contents), on specific nodes, can be determined using traditional debuggers after the data structure evolution leading to the semantic error is observed graphically.

  8. Large-Strain Monitoring Above a Longwall Coal Mine With GPS and Seismic Measurements

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, P. L.; Andreatta, V.; Meertens, C. M.; Krahenbuhl, T.; Kenner, B.

    2001-12-01

    As part of an effort to evaluate continuous GPS measurements for use in mine safety studies, a joint GPS-seismic experiment was conducted at an underground longwall coal mine near Paonia, Colorado in June, 2001. Seismic and deformation signals were measured using prototype low-cost monitoring systems as a longwall panel was excavated 150 m beneath the site. Data from both seismic and GPS instruments were logged onto low-power PC-104 Linux computers which were networked using a wireless LAN. The seismic system under development at NIOSH/SRL is based on multiple distributed 8-channel 24-bit A/D converters. The GPS system uses a serial single-frequency (L1) receiver and UNAVCO's "Jstream" Java data logging software. For this experiment, a continuously operating dual-frequency GPS receiver was installed 2.4 km away to serve as a reference site. In addition to the continuously operating sites, 10 benchmarks were surveyed daily with short "rapid-static" occupations in order to provide greater spatial sampling. Two single-frequency sites were located 35 meters apart on a relatively steep north-facing slope. As mining progressed from the east, net displacements of 1.2 meters to the north and 1.65 meters of subsidence were observed over a period of 6 days. The east component exhibited up to 0.45 meters of eastward displacement (toward the excavation) followed by reverse movement to the west. This cycle, observed approximately two days earlier at the eastern L1 site, is consistent with a change in surface strain from tension to compression as the excavation front passed underneath. As this strain "wave" propagated across the field site, surface deformation underwent a cycle of tension crack nucleation, crack opening (up to 15 cm normal displacements), subsequent crack closure, and production of low-angle-thrust compressional deformation features. Analysis of seismic results, surface deformation, and additional survey results are presented.

  9. Multi-parameter numerical simulation of dynamic monitoring of rock deformation in deep mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Juanjuan; Hu Mingshun; Ding Enjie; Kong Wei; Pan Dongming; Chen Shenen

    2016-01-01

    The level of deformation development of surrounding rocks is a vital predictor to evaluate impending coal mine disasters and it is important to establish accurate measurements of the deformed status to ensure coal mine safety. Traditional deformation monitoring methods are mostly based on single parameter, in this paper, multiple approaches are integrated: firstly, both electric and elastic models are established, from which electric field distribution and seismic wave recording are calculated and finally, the resistivity profiles and source position information are determined using inversion methods, from which then the deformation and failure of mine floor are evaluated. According to the inversion results of both electric and seismic field signals, multiple-parameter dynamic monitoring of surrounding rock deformation in deep mine can be performed. The methodology is validated using numerical simulation results which shows that the multi-parameter dynamic monitoring methods have better results for surrounding rock deformation in deep mine monitoring than single parameter methods.

  10. Elevated rates of gold mining in the Amazon revealed through high-resolution monitoring

    OpenAIRE

    Asner, Gregory P.; Llactayo, William; Tupayachi, Raul; Luna, Ernesto Ráez

    2013-01-01

    Commodity gold prices increased substantially following the 2008 global financial crisis. Gold demand has fueled a massive increase in mining activity, some of which is centered in the Amazon basin. Western Amazonian forests of Peru have become an epicenter for mostly illegal gold mining, but the clandestine nature of mining activities has made monitoring and reporting of forest losses extremely challenging. We combined high-resolution satellite and aircraft-based imaging with field surveys t...

  11. Monitoring coal mine induced residual land subsidence using SBAS and PSI

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grzovic, M.; Ghulam, A.

    2013-12-01

    Underground coal mining can cause damage to both property and the environment as a result of mining-induced land subsidence. Illinois, a major coal producer in the United States, is particularly susceptible to mining-induced land subsidence because it has large reserves of underground coal. Identifying and monitoring mining-induced land subsidence is important in order to assist in subsidence planning, minimizing damage to the environment, and prevent damage to structures. Since 1983, coal mining companies are responsible for preventing or correcting damage caused by mining-induced land subsidence. During active mining, land subsidence is monitored using traditional surveying methods, but this monitoring ends after active mining has stopped. In addition, mining-induced land subsidence can continue for decades after the completion of active mining. Traditional surveying methods are time consuming and expensive; therefore, a low-cost method of monitoring land subsidence is of great interest. Satellite based synthetic aperture radar interferometry (InSAR) provides a way to remotely measure land subsidence at low-cost, and with multitemporal methods of processing satellite data it reduces problems with standard InSAR and becomes a valuable tool to monitor mining-induced land subsidence. Permanent scatterer interferometry (PSI; Ferretti, et al., 2000, 2001) is a proven method that uses temporally coherent objects, such as buildings and rock outcrops, to improve the accuracy of land displacement measurements. PSI works well in urban areas because of the abundance of buildings, but it is less useful in rural areas. Small baseline subset (SBAS; Berardino, et al., 2002) interferometry uses multiple differential interferograms with small satellite baselines to improve spatial correlation. Both of these methods were used to measure land subsidence from 1992 to 2009 in Springfield, Illinois. Springfield presents a challenge because of the large surrounding rural areas. By

  12. Risk monitoring and early-warning technology of coal mine production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CAO Qing-gui; ZHANG Hua; LIU Ji-kun; LIU Xiao-rong

    2007-01-01

    This article was written according to the security information theory and the security cybernetics basic principle, for reducing the accident risk effectively and safeguarding the production safety in coal mine. First, each kind of risk characteristic has carried on the earnest analysis to the coal-mining production process. Then it proposed entire wrap technology system of the risk management and the risk monitoring early warning in the coal-mining production process, and developed the application software-coal mine risk monitoring and the early warning system which runs on the local area network. The coal-mining production risk monitoring and early warning technology system includes risk information gathering, risk identification and management, risk information transmission;saving and analysis, early warning prompt of accident risk, safety dynamic monitoring, and safety control countermeasure and so on. The article specifies implementation method and step of this technology system, and introduces application situations in cooperating mine enterprise, e.g. Xiezhuang coal mine. It may supply the risk management and the accident prevention work of each kind of mine reference.

  13. MONITORING OF COAL BED EXTRACTION AS AN EFFECTIVE TOOL FOR IMPROVING THE PRODUCTION RESULTS OF A MINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Witold BIAŁY

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available The basic source of information necessary for proper and effective management of a hard coal mine is continuous monitoring of the mining process. An increased number of machines and devices used in a mine caused a need for continuous monitoring of mining departments’ work. Monitoring of the extraction of hard coal beds is crucial for this process management, as it determines the proper course of the mining process. Hence, monitoring can be considered the most important element of the controlling process, especially in the area of mining process management in a mine. Effective monitoring and proper, quick reacting to any irregularities in this process have a significant influence on the production results of a mine.

  14. Monitoring of the mercury mining site Almadén implementing remote sensing technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmid, Thomas; Rico, Celia; Rodríguez-Rastrero, Manuel; José Sierra, María; Javier Díaz-Puente, Fco; Pelayo, Marta; Millán, Rocio

    2013-08-01

    The Almadén area in Spain has a long history of mercury mining with prolonged human-induced activities that are related to mineral extraction and metallurgical processes before the closure of the mines and a more recent post period dominated by projects that reclaim the mine dumps and tailings and recuperating the entire mining area. Furthermore, socio-economic alternatives such as crop cultivation, livestock breeding and tourism are increasing in the area. Up till now, only scattered information on these activities is available from specific studies. However, improved acquisition systems using satellite borne data in the last decades opens up new possibilities to periodically study an area of interest. Therefore, comparing the influence of these activities on the environment and monitoring their impact on the ecosystem vastly improves decision making for the public policy makers to implement appropriate land management measures and control environmental degradation. The objective of this work is to monitor environmental changes affected by human-induced activities within the Almadén area occurring before, during and after the mine closure over a period of nearly three decades. To achieve this, data from numerous sources at different spatial scales and time periods are implemented into a methodology based on advanced remote sensing techniques. This includes field spectroradiometry measurements, laboratory analyses and satellite borne data of different surface covers to detect land cover and use changes throughout the mining area. Finally, monitoring results show that the distribution of areas affected by mercury mining is rapidly diminishing since activities ceased and that rehabilitated mining areas form a new landscape. This refers to mine tailings that have been sealed and revegetated as well as an open pit mine that has been converted to an "artificial" lake surface. Implementing a methodology based on remote sensing techniques that integrate data from

  15. Monitoring and evaluation of sustained clinical performance and tuberculosis management in the South African mining industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Murray

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Advisory Committee Project Summary : SIM 02-08-02 Project Title: MONITORING AND EVALUATION OF SUSTAINED CLINICAL PERFORMANCE AND TUBERCULOSIS MANAGEMENT IN THE SA MINING INDUSTRY (22 pages) Author(s): Dr Jill Murray Dr Michelle Wong...

  16. Data Mining in the Context of Monitoring Mt Etna, Italy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aliotta, Marco; Cassisi, Carmelo; D'Agostino, Marcello; Falsaperla, Susanna; Ferrari, Ferruccio; Langer, Horst; Messina, Alfio; Montalto, Placido; Reitano, Danilo; Spampinato, Salvatore

    2015-04-01

    The persistent volcanic activity of Mt Etna makes the continuous monitoring of multidisciplinary data a first-class issue. Indeed, the monitoring systems rapidly accumulate huge quantity of data, arising specific problems of andling and interpretation. In order to respond to these problems, the INGV staff has developed a number of software tools for data mining. These tools have the scope of identifying structures in the data that can be related to volcanic activity, furnishing criteria for the identification of precursory scenarios. In particular, we use methods of clustering and classification in which data are divided into groups according to a-priori-defined measures of similarity or distance. Data groups may assume various shapes, such as convex clouds or complex concave bodies.The "KKAnalysis" software package is a basket of clustering methods. Currently, it is one of the key techniques of the tremor-based automatic alarm systems of INGV Osservatorio Etneo. It exploits both Self-Organizing Maps and Fuzzy Clustering. Beside seismic data, the software has been applied to the geochemical composition of eruptive products as well as a combined analysis of gas-emission (radon) and seismic data. The "DBSCAN" package exploits a concept based on density-based clustering. This method allows discovering clusters with arbitrary shape. Clusters are defined as dense regions of objects in the data space separated by regions of low density. In DBSCAN a cluster grows as long as the density within a group of objects exceeds some threshold. In the context of volcano monitoring, the method is particularly promising in the recognition of ash particles as they have a rather irregular shape. The "MOTIF" software allows us to identify typical waveforms in time series, outperforming methods like cross-correlation that entail a high computational effort. MOTIF can recognize the non-imilarity of two patterns on a small number of data points without going through the whole length of

  17. Up-to-date instruments and systems in monitoring mine ventilation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hanko, J.

    1985-01-01

    The operation principles and forms of the most modern mine ventilation systems are discussed. In the course of monitoring the air in the mines, the methane content, the carbon monoxide content, the ventilation velocity and the depression are determined. The modern ventilation system has to fulfill the requirements. The systems should be suitable for the continuous measurement of the mine ventilation parameters; the measurement has to be of suitable accuracy; the measured data should be displayed and recorded; the system should be suitable to switch off, partially or totally, the mine electricity in case of danger.

  18. Development of a GIS-based monitoring and management system for underground coal mining safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Salap, Seda; Karslioglu, Mahmut Onur [Civil Engineering Department, Geomatics Division, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey); Demirel, Nuray [Mining Engineering Department, Middle East Technical University, Ankara (Turkey)

    2009-11-01

    Coal mine safety is of paramount concern to mining industry. Mine accidents have various causes and consequences including catastrophic failure of mine, substantial economic losses and most notably loss of lives. Therefore, any initiative in mine monitoring is of vital importance for progressing safety surveillance and maintenance. This paper presents the development of a geographic information system (GIS)-based monitoring and management system for underground mine safety in three levels as constructive safety, surveillance and maintenance, and emergency. The developed model integrates the database design and management to the monitoring system implementation which encompasses query and analysis operations with the help of web and desktop applications. Interactive object-oriented graphical user interfaces (GUIs) were developed to visualize information about the entities gathered from the model and also to provide analysis operations based on the graphical representations and demonstrations using data tables and map objects. The research methodology essentially encompasses five main stages: (i) designing a conceptual database model; (ii) development of a logical model in terms of entity-relationship (ER) diagrams; (iii) development of a physical model based on physical constraints and requirements; (iv) development of GUIs and implementation of the developed model, analysis and queries; (v) verification and validation of the created model for Oemerler underground coal mine in Turkey. The proposed system is expected to be an efficient tool for improving and maintaining healthy standards in underground coal mines which can possibly be extended to a national GIS infrastructure. (author)

  19. Operational Monitoring of Mines by COSMO-SkyMed PSP SAR Interferometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costantini, Mario; Malvarosa, Fabio; Miniati, Federico; de Assis, Luciano Mozer

    2016-08-01

    Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) interferometry is a powerful technology for detection and monitoring of slow ground surface movements. Monitoring of ground deformations in mining structures is an important application, particularly difficult because the scene changes with time. The persistent scatterer pair (PSP) approach, recently proposed to overcome some limitations of standard persistent scatter interferometry, proved to be effective also for mine monitoring. In this work, after resuming the main ideas of the PSP method, we describe the PSP measurements obtained from high- resolution X-band COSMO-SkyMed data over a large mining area in Minas Gerais state, Brazil. The outcomes demonstrate that dense and accurate ground deformation measurements can be obtained on the mining area and its structures (such as open pits, waste dumps, conveyor belts, water and tailings dams, etc.), achieving a consistent global view including also areas where field instruments are not installed.

  20. Mining pressure monitoring and analysis in fully mechanized backfilling coal mining face-A case study in Zhai Zhen Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHANG Qiang; ZHANG Ji-xiong; KANG Tao; SUN Qiang; LI Wei-kang

    2015-01-01

    Fully mechanized solid backfill mining (FMSBM) technology adopts dense backfill body to support the roof. Based on the distinguishing characteristics and mine pressure control principle in this technology, the basic principles and methods for mining pressure monitoring were analyzed and established. And the characteristics of overburden strata movement were analyzed by monitoring the support resistance of hydraulic support, the dynamic subsidence of immediate roof, the stress of backfill body, the front abutment pressure, and the mass ratio of cut coal to backfilled materials. On-site strata behavior measurements of 7403W solid backfilling working face in Zhai Zhen Coal Mine show that the backfill body can effectively support the overburden load, obviously control the overburden strata movement, and weaken the strata behaviors distinctly. Specific performances are as follows. The support resistance decreases obviously; the dynamic subsidence of immediate roof keeps consistent to the variation of backfill body stress, and tends to be stable after the face retreating to 120-150 m away from the cut. The peak value of front abutment pressure arises at 5-12 m before the operating face, and mass ratio is greater than the designed value of 1.15, which effectively ensures the control of strata movement. The research results are bases for intensively studying basic theories of solid backfill mining strata behaviors and its control, and provide theoretical guidance for engineering design in FMSBM.

  1. Real-time Diesel Particulate Matter ambient monitoring in underground mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gillies A D S

    2011-01-01

    A real-time Diesel Particulate Matter (DPM) monitor has been developed on the base of the successful National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH) designed Personal Dust Monitor (PDM) unit.The objectives of a recently completed Australian Coal Association Research Program (ACARP) study was to modify the PDM to measure the submicrometre fraction of the aerosol in a real-time monitoring underground instrunent.Mine testing focused on use of the monitor in engineering evaluations of Longwall (LW) moves demonstrated how DPM concentrations from vehicles fluctuate under varying ventilation and operational conditions.The strong influence of mine ventilation systems is reviewed.Correlation between the current SKC DPM measurement system and real-time DPM monitors were conducted and results from eight mines show a correlation between elemental carbon (EC) and the new monitor DPM mass ranging from 0.45 to 0.82 with R2>0.86 in all but two cases.This differences in suspected to be due to variations from mine to mine in aspects such as mine atmospheric contamination,vehicle fleet variations,fuel type,engine maintenance,engine combustion efficiency,engine behavior or interference from other submicrometre aerosol.Real-time monitoring clearly reflects the movement of individual diesel vehicles and allows pin-pointing of high exposure zones such as those encountered where various vehicles engage in intense work in areas of constrained or difficult ventilation.DPM shift average monitoring approaches do not readily allow successful engineering evaluation exercises to determine acceptability of pollution levels.Identification of high DPM concentration zones allows efficient modification of mine ventilation,operator positioning and other work practices to reduce miners' exposures without waiting for laboratory analysis results.

  2. A Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Monitoring System for Roof Safety Control in Underground Coal Mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yiming; Zhang, Nong; Si, Guangyao

    2016-10-21

    Monitoring of roof activity is a primary measure adopted in the prevention of roof collapse accidents and functions to optimize and support the design of roadways in underground coalmines. However, traditional monitoring measures, such as using mechanical extensometers or electronic gauges, either require arduous underground labor or cannot function properly in the harsh underground environment. Therefore, in this paper, in order to break through this technological barrier, a novel monitoring system for roof safety control in underground coal mining, using fiber Bragg grating (FBG) material as a perceived element and transmission medium, has been developed. Compared with traditional monitoring equipment, the developed, novel monitoring system has the advantages of providing accurate, reliable, and continuous online monitoring of roof activities in underground coal mining. This is expected to further enable the prevention of catastrophic roof collapse accidents. The system has been successfully implemented at a deep hazardous roadway in Zhuji Coal Mine, China. Monitoring results from the study site have demonstrated the advantages of FBG-based sensors over traditional monitoring approaches. The dynamic impacts of progressive face advance on roof displacement and stress have been accurately captured by the novel roadway roof activity and safety monitoring system, which provided essential references for roadway support and design of the mine.

  3. A Fiber Bragg Grating-Based Monitoring System for Roof Safety Control in Underground Coal Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yiming Zhao

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring of roof activity is a primary measure adopted in the prevention of roof collapse accidents and functions to optimize and support the design of roadways in underground coalmines. However, traditional monitoring measures, such as using mechanical extensometers or electronic gauges, either require arduous underground labor or cannot function properly in the harsh underground environment. Therefore, in this paper, in order to break through this technological barrier, a novel monitoring system for roof safety control in underground coal mining, using fiber Bragg grating (FBG material as a perceived element and transmission medium, has been developed. Compared with traditional monitoring equipment, the developed, novel monitoring system has the advantages of providing accurate, reliable, and continuous online monitoring of roof activities in underground coal mining. This is expected to further enable the prevention of catastrophic roof collapse accidents. The system has been successfully implemented at a deep hazardous roadway in Zhuji Coal Mine, China. Monitoring results from the study site have demonstrated the advantages of FBG-based sensors over traditional monitoring approaches. The dynamic impacts of progressive face advance on roof displacement and stress have been accurately captured by the novel roadway roof activity and safety monitoring system, which provided essential references for roadway support and design of the mine.

  4. Towards the development of integrated monitoring system for retreat mining operations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAMID Maleki

    2008-01-01

    Through cooperative research between the government, the private sector,mining companies and equipment manufacturers, considerable progress had been madeduring the last decade in studying the mechanics of strata failure and acquiring the know-ledge needed to develop an integrated monitoring system for assessing local roof stability.Because of higher geotechnical risks in retreat mining operations, it was both important todevelop panel layout designs that control convergence and stress and to monitor groundresponse during operations to verify designs and provide warning of impending stabilityproblems. For detecting both localized roof stability problems and global overburden col-lapse mechanisms, the proposes an integrated panel-wide monitoring system which com-bines the capabilities of load rate monitoring of mobile roof supports (MRSs) with deforma-tion measurements using an extensive array of sensors located near the mining face andthroughout the panel. Two monitoring methods for the detection of localized roof stabilityproblems have been evaluated on the basis of mine measurements and numerical model-ing considerations. These are load rate monitoring of the hydraulic cylinders of mobile roofsupport (MRS) and re mote monitoring of roof movements. Analyses of field data in retreatsections show that roof instabilities are influenced by: (1) pillar failure, (2) pillar yielding, (3)mine seismicity (bumps), (4) geologic structures, and (5) panel layout designs and practice.Pillar yielding and unloading can be conveniently monitored by the load rate monitoringdevice, but to detect impending localized roof falls, additional ground deformation meas-urements are needed near the mining face. By increasing the number of deformationmeasurements in the entire panel, additional safeguards can be achieved for detectingoverburden collapse mechanisms while continuously monitoring local roof stability close tothe retreat line.

  5. Design and application of electrical fire monitoring system in mining industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Diao Jinxia; Zhang Guilin; Hu Haidong; Zou Zhihui; Zhang Baojin

    2015-01-01

    To protect mining areas from electrical fire, it is very important to install electrical fire monitoring system to ensure safety in development of mineral resources and for buildings. In this paper, design for electrical fire monitoring and detection system with optional sensor modules has been proposed. In addition, necessity and suitability of electrical fire monitoring and detection system with optional sensor modules in mining areas have been reviewed. The designed electrical fire monitoring and detection system suit-able for work environment of mining industry is composed by host-computer monitoring software and slave-computer detectors. Monitoring detectors are manufactured by using embedded technology. Exter-nal shells deployed have superior enclosure performances and explosion-proof properties. It is easy to install and maintain the system. In general, the system has reached, or even exceeded standards specified in national standards for performances and appearances of such devices. Test results show application of electrical fire monitoring and detection system can effectively enhance monitoring intensity over the mining areas and provide reliable guarantee to ensure orderly development of mineral resources and to protect physical and property safety of citizens in these areas.

  6. Using Data-Mining Approaches for Wind Turbine Power Curve Monitoring: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlechtingen, Meik; Santos, Ilmar; Achiche, Sofiane

    2013-01-01

    Four data-mining approaches for wind turbine power curve monitoring are compared. Power curve monitoring can be applied to evaluate the turbine power output and detect deviations, causing financial loss. In this research, cluster center fuzzy logic, neural network, and -nearest neighbor models...

  7. Track monitoring from the dynamic response of a passing train: A sparse approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lederman, George; Chen, Siheng; Garrett, James H.; Kovačević, Jelena; Noh, Hae Young; Bielak, Jacobo

    2017-06-01

    Collecting vibration data from revenue service trains could be a low-cost way to more frequently monitor railroad tracks, yet operational variability makes robust analysis a challenge. We propose a novel analysis technique for track monitoring that exploits the sparsity inherent in train-vibration data. This sparsity is based on the observation that large vertical train vibrations typically involve the excitation of the train's fundamental mode due to track joints, switchgear, or other discrete hardware. Rather than try to model the entire rail profile, in this study we examine a sparse approach to solving an inverse problem where (1) the roughness is constrained to a discrete and limited set of "bumps"; and (2) the train system is idealized as a simple damped oscillator that models the train's vibration in the fundamental mode. We use an expectation maximization (EM) approach to iteratively solve for the track profile and the train system properties, using orthogonal matching pursuit (OMP) to find the sparse approximation within each step. By enforcing sparsity, the inverse problem is well posed and the train's position can be found relative to the sparse bumps, thus reducing the uncertainty in the GPS data. We validate the sparse approach on two sections of track monitored from an operational train over a 16 month period of time, one where track changes did not occur during this period and another where changes did occur. We show that this approach can not only detect when track changes occur, but also offers insight into the type of such changes.

  8. Remote sensing monitoring land use change in Donglutian coal mine, Shuozhou City

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Baoying; Liu, Ling

    2017-01-01

    This paper monitored the coal mine exploitation in Donglutian coal mine, Shuozhou city, Shanxi Province. Landsat satellite images from 2008 to 2016 were selected, and then 15m color composite images were obtained through data processing and image fusion. On this basis, the land use map from 2008 to 2016 was obtained using visual interpretation method. Results showed that the main land use type in this area was cropland, unused land and coalmine. Area of cropland and unused land kept decreasing year by year, while coal mine expanded rapidly. The expansion of coal mine concentrated on two time periods: from 2009 to 2010 and from 2012 to 2013. During these two time periods, topsoil stripping was the main exploitation type, while deep mining was the main type for other times. Results also presented that the exploitation number of small coals kept increasing year by year, from the initial number of 26 at 2008 to 42 at 2016.

  9. Environmental monitoring at the Nalunaq Gold Mine, South Greenland, 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Glahder, Christian Martin; Søndergaard, Jens; Asmund, Gert

    and the preparation of the gold separation. Low grade ore stored at the pier was transported back to the mine. Mussels, seaweed and sculpins were collected in the Kirkespir Bay, resident Arctic char were caught in the river and lichens were collected both in the area and transplanted to the valley from....... Concentrations of elements in transplanted lichens had decreased to lower levels than those found in 2009 and 2008. No elevated concentrations were found in mussels, sculpins and chars, while seaweed had slightly elevated Co concentrations at one station. In 2010, an impact from the mining activities...... was primarily seen in the Kirkespir Valley due to dust dispersal. The impact of the mine on the marine environment was negligible....

  10. Application of remote monitoring technology in landslides in the Luoshan mining area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Man-chao He; Zhi-gang Tao; Bin Zhang [China University of Mining & Technology, Beijing (China). Research Center of Geotechnical Engineering

    2009-09-15

    With the scale extending of mining, the landslide disaster in the earth's surface will become more and more serious, and these landslide disasters are being threatened to the sustainable safe mining of the underground mine and the open-pit mine. Based on the theory that sliding force is greater than the shear resistance (resisting force) at the potential slip surface is the necessary and sufficient condition to occur the landslide as the sliding criterion, the principle and method for sliding force remote monitoring is presented, and the functional relationship between the human mechanical quantity and the natural sliding force is derived, hereby, the natural sliding force can be calculated according to the human mechanical quantity. Based on above principle and method, a new system of landslide remote monitoring is designed and 53 systems are installed on the landslide body in the Luoshan mining area, which make up the landslide remote monitoring network. According to the results of field test around 8 months, monitoring curves between sliding force and time are obtained, which can describe and forecast the develop trend of landslide. According to above analysis, the results show that this system has some following advantages: (1) real-time monitoring; (2) remote intelligent transmission; (3) landslides early warning. 11 refs., 8 figs., 1 tab.

  11. Application of remote monitoring technology in landslides in the Luoshan mining area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HE Man-chao; TAO Zhi-gang; ZHANG Bin

    2009-01-01

    With the scale extending of mining, the landslide disaster in the earth's surface will become more and more serious, and these landslide disasters are being threatened to the sustainable safe mining of the underground mine and the open-pit mine. Based on the theory that sliding force is greater than the shear resistance (resisting force) at the potential slip surface is the necessary and sufficient condition to occur the landslide as the sliding criterion, the principle and method for sliding force remote monitoring is presented, and the functional relationship between the human mechanical quantity and the natural sliding force is derived, hereby, the natural sliding force can be calculated according to the human mechanical quantity. Based on above principle and method, a new system of landslide remote monitoring is designed and 53 systems are installed on the landslide body in the Luoshan mining area, which make up the landslide remote monitoring network. According to the results of field test around 8 months, monitoring curves between sliding force and time are obtained, which can describe and forecast the develop trend of landslide. According to above analysis, the results show that this system has some following advantages: (1) real-time monitoring; (2) remote intelligent transmission; (3) landslides early warning.

  12. Research progress of monitoring, forecasting, and prevention of rockburst in underground coal mining in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lin ming Dou; Zonglong Mu; Zhenlei Li; Anye Cao; Siyuan Gong

    2014-01-01

    As one of the dynamic disasters of coal mines, rockburst seriously affects underground safe coal mining. Based on the laboratory test, field test, and theoretical analysis, this study proposed the principle of the rock burst induced by the combination of dynamic and static stresses and divided such rock burst into three types, including induced by primary dynamic stress, mainly induced by dynamic stress, and by dynamic stress in low critical stress state. The expressions of the static stress induced by coal mining and dynamic stress induced by mining tremors were obtained. Moreover, theories and technologies at home and abroad were summarized concerning the monitoring, forecasting, and preventing of rockburst. These mainly include the zoning and leveling forecasting method, electromagnetic radiation technology, elastic wave and seismic wave computed tomography technologies in aspect of rockburst monitoring, as well as the intensity weakening theory, the strong-soft-strong structure effect, the directional hydraulic fracturing technology, the roadway support system in regards of rockburst prevention. The prospect of rockburst development suggested that researches concerning the rockburst mechanism should be quantitatively developed around the roadway and coalface surrounding coal-rock mass. It should be focused on the rockburst mechanism and prevention technology of mining with over 1,000 km deep and mining in large tectonic zone. In addition, the monitoring and prevention of rockburst should be based on rockburst mechanism.

  13. Monitoring light hydrocarbons in Brazilian coal mines and in confined coal samples

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Silva, Rosangela [Pos-Graduation Program in Materials Engineering and Technology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Pires, Marcal [Pos-Graduation Program in Materials Engineering and Technology, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Faculty of Chemistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Azevedo, Carla M.N. [Faculty of Chemistry, Pontifical Catholic University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre (Brazil); Fagundes, Leandro [P and D Consultoria (Brazil); Garavaglia, Luciane; Gomes, Cleber J.B. [SATC, Associacao Beneficente da Industria Carbonifera de Santa Catarina, CTCL, Technological Center of Clean Coal (Brazil)

    2010-12-01

    Monitoring light hydrocarbons (LHCs) in coal mines, particularly methane, is important not only because of their implications for global climate change but also for economic and safety reasons. Furthermore, the identification and quantification of LHCs in coal mine air samples and desorbed from confined coal may contribute to a better understanding of coal seam characteristics. The paucity of information about the levels of methane in Brazilian underground coal mines can be attributed to their difficult access and a lack of adequate procedures for correct gas sampling. The aim of this study is to optimize and apply standard gas chromatography procedures to determine LHC levels in the air of coal mines and in confined coal from five mines under operation, three underground (A, B, C) and two surface (D, E) mines, in southern Brazil. The results indicate methane (C{sub 1}) levels varying from 3 ppm to 27% in the atmosphere of the underground mines. Mine A presented high levels of all LHCs analyzed (C{sub 1} to C{sub 5}), while only C{sub 1} and C{sub 2} were detected in mine B, and hydrocarbons ranging from C{sub 1} to C{sub 4} were found in mine C. On the other hand, surface mines presented narrow concentration range for C{sub 1} (3 ppm to 470 ppm) and C{sub 2}-C{sub 3}, with higher levels observed for puncture explosive points. Among LHCs, methane is desorbed in higher concentrations from confined coals and the presence of C{sub 2} was detected in all samples while C{sub 3}-C{sub 5} were only observed in coals from underground mines. These data are consistent with those obtained from the air gas samples collected in the mines under study. Geological events such as faulting and intrusions can accelerate the release of gas or the trapping of large amounts of previously released methane. The LHC emissions from coal mines were found to be highly variable, indicating the need for a comprehensive survey of Brazilian coal mine emissions. (author)

  14. Improvements in methods for monitoring anchor casings in mining excavations of KGHM Polska Miedź S.A. mines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maciej Madziarz

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the results of works carried out by KGHM CUPRUM Sp z o.o. CBR (Research and Development Centre, on behalf of KGHM Polska Miedź SA. It is aimed at improving previously used monitoring methods of mine excavation anchor casings used in underground copper ore mines of KGHM Polska Miedź S.A. It presents a method allowing for continuous measurement and recording of load changes in instrumented anchors. This method was developed by request of KGHM Polska Miedź S.A. Particular attention was paid to issues related to the impact of dynamic changes of rock formation pressure on the excavation in anchor casing.

  15. Monitoring of Open-pit mining using geomorphometry and Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiang, Jie; Chen, Jianping; Sofia, Giulia; Lai, Zili; Huang, Haozhong; Tarolli, Paolo

    2017-04-01

    Mining activities have a significant impact on the Earth's surface, and open-pit mines are the most evident landscape signatures of the mining operations. Despite the importance of such human impacts, an open challenge for the Earth Science community is to explore a fast, accurate and low-cost method to monitor changes in open-pit mining. The main goal of this work is to develop such a methodology. In this study, we used an Unmanned Aerial Vehicle(UAV) to collect two series of photographs(August 2014 and October 2016). Through the structure from motion (SfM) photogrammetric techniques, the images were used to generate high-resolution Digital Surface Models (DSMs). DSMs were co-registered by seven ground control points, and the accuracy of the co-registration was checked and corrected by comparing non-change areas. Finally, two kinds of landscape metric were used to detect the changes: (1) the Slope Local Length of Auto-Correlation (SLLAC)(Sofia et al., 2014), which allows to estimate the surface covered by open-pit mining by using a simple empirical model; (2) the DSM of Difference (DoD) , which calculated the changes between two DSMs on a cells-by-cells basis, to accurately estimate the volumetric changes. The results underline the effectiveness of the UAV survey techniques and adopted landscape metrics. This study has demonstrated a robust and rapid workflow to dynamic monitor the open-pit mine and support sustainable environmental planning.

  16. Development of a Fast, Single-pass, Micron-resolution Beam Position Monitor Signal Processor: Beam Test Results from ATF2

    CERN Document Server

    Apsimon, Robert; Burrows, Philip; Christian, Glenn; Constance, Ben; Dabiri Khah, Hamid; Perry, Colin; Resta Lopez, Javier; Swinson, Christina

    2010-01-01

    We present the design of a stripline beam position monitor (BPM) signal processor with low latency (c. 10ns) and micron-level spatial resolution in single-pass mode. Such a BPM processor has applications in single-pass beamlines such as those at linear colliders and FELs. The processor was deployed and tested at the Accelerator Test Facility (ATF2) extraction line at KEK, Japan. We report the beam test results and processor performance, including response, linearity, spatial resolution and latency.

  17. Air Pollution Monitoring and Mining Based on Sensor Grid in London

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Hassard

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, we present a distributed infrastructure based on wireless sensors network and Grid computing technology for air pollution monitoring and mining, which aims to develop low-cost and ubiquitous sensor networks to collect real-time, large scale and comprehensive environmental data from road traffic emissions for air pollution monitoring in urban environment. The main informatics challenges in respect to constructing the high-throughput sensor Grid are discussed in this paper. We present a twolayer network framework, a P2P e-Science Grid architecture, and the distributed data mining algorithm as the solutions to address the challenges. We simulated the system in TinyOS to examine the operation of each sensor as well as the networking performance. We also present the distributed data mining result to examine the effectiveness of the algorithm.

  18. Monitoring and control of ventilation to improve work safety in mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mironowicz, W.; Wasilewski, S. [EMAG Centre, Katowice (Poland)

    2001-07-01

    The SMP methane-fire hazard monitoring system, implemented with success in Polish coal mining, at present provides remote and continuous measuring of signals and signalling of abnormal conditions in underground mines, and also automatic control of electric power. The paper describes the system and points out the possibilities of improvement in this matter. To start with, the control and monitoring of ventilation process, in order to reduce air losses, are suggested. The control system of energy-saving and fan's rotational speed control by thyristor cascade are considered to adapt the fan parameters to real requirements of mine. Modernisation of ventilation systems provides electric energy saving and ensures return of capital expenditure in a short time. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  19. Monitoring Land Subsidence over Mining Areas with Sentinel-1 Differential SAR Interferometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mirek, Katarzna

    2016-08-01

    This paper presents possibilities for monitoring man- made surface deformation on example of two areas (Fig. 1): Upper Silesian Coal Basin and Lubelskie Coal Basin (Poland). Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) images acquired by Sentinel-1A satellite are utilized in subsidence studies. Satellite radar interferometry technique (InSAR) was used to detecting and monitoring subsidence. There are clearly visible on obtained interferograms subsidence troughs as a distinctive concentric fringes. This study is a part of initiated the SSUMMO project (Surface Subsidence Multidisciplinary Monitoring). The project will provide multidisciplinary monitoring of mining areas and it will prepare the methodology and research software for continuous observation of the impact of exploitation on surface.

  20. Extensive intestinal first-pass metabolism of arctigenin: evidenced by simultaneous monitoring of both parent drug and its major metabolites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gao, Qiong; Zhang, Yufeng; Wo, Siukwan; Zuo, Zhong

    2014-03-01

    The current study aims to investigate intestinal absorption and metabolism of arctigenin (AR) through simultaneous monitoring of AR and its major metabolites in rat plasma. An UPLC/MS/MS assay was developed with chromatographic separation of all analytes achieved by a C18 Column (3.9mm×150mm, 3.5μm) and a gradient elution with acetonitrile and 0.1% formic acid within 9min. Sample extraction with acetonitrile was optimized to achieve satisfactory recovery for both AR and its major metabolites. The lower limit of quantification (LLOQ) for all analytes was 25ng/ml. The intra-day and inter-day precision and accuracy of each analyte at LLOQ and three quality control (QC) concentrations (low, middle and high) in rat plasma was within 15.0% RSD and 15.0% bias. The extraction recoveries were within the range of 83.8-94.0% for all analytes. The developed and validated assay was then applied to the absorption study of AR in both Caco-2 cell monolayer model and in situ single-pass rat intestinal perfusion model. High absorption permeability of AR was demonstrated in both models with Papp of (1.76±0.48)×10(-5) (A→B) (Caco-2) and Pblood of (8.6±3.0)×10(-6)cm/s (intestinal perfusion). Extensive first-pass metabolism of AR to arctigenic acid (AA) and arctigenin-4'-O-glucuronide (AG) was identified in rat intestinal perfusion study with Cummins's extraction ratios of 0.458±0.012 and 0.085±0.013, respectively. The current assay method demonstrated to be a practical tool for pharmacokinetics investigation of AR with complicated metabolism pathways and multiple metabolites.

  1. Geoelectrical surveys for monitoring acid mine drainage in groundwater at abandoned open-cast lignite mines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stollberg, R.; Hirsch, M.; Weiss, H.

    2013-05-01

    Surface and borehole geoelectrical survey techniques (DC resistivity measurements, Direct Push based electrical conductivity logging) were used to identify and localize acid mine drainage (AMD) at former lignite mining areas and adjacent groundwater bodies in Central Germany. Geoelectrical surface measurements are a fast and high-resolution survey method for the identification and discrimination of subsurface sections with different electrical properties. The method is based on a current injection by a pair of electrodes and electrical potential measurements by a second pair of electrodes. An electrical resistivity distribution of the subsurface can be measured by the ratio of injected currents and measured potentials. Moreover, electrical conductivity logging (EC-logging) was applied along the profile line of the geoelectrical surface measurement. A direct-push machine was used to push a GeoProbe® Wenner-Probe attached to a rod string into the ridges of mining dumps for recording vertical electrical resistivity profiles. The main objective has been the comparison between the superficial resistivity measurements and the results from in-situ downhole EC-logging for identifying the presence of AMD. Both, surface and subsurface measurements yielded in a precise and corresponding imaging of acidification effects in the underground. The electrical properties of soil/dump material and groundwater were found to be a proper proxy for the assessment of extension and degree of AMD impacts on soil and groundwater systems. A good correlation of the results obtained by these non- to minimal invasive investigation techniques with conventional (i.e. groundwater sampling) approaches could be proven.

  2. Feasibility of a mine-wide continuous closure monitoring system for gold mines.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Malan, DF

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available magnetic field ranging device is proposed. As an alternative, a method of estimating the distance to face with reasonable accuracy is proposed. The third generic issue was assigning responsibility for moving the meters (typically every two weeks... the position of the closure transducers ……………………………… 14 2.3 Responsibility for moving the transducers forward on a regular basis ….……..16 3 Alternative hardware designs for a mine-wide closure system………. 18 3.1 Specifications for the closure transducers...

  3. Fractal characterization for the mining crack evolution process of overlying strata based on microseismic monitoring technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Chao; Xue Junhua; Yu Guofeng; Cheng Xiaoyu

    2016-01-01

    In order to study the evolution laws during the development process of the coal face overburden rock mining-induced fissure, we studied the process of evolution of overburden rock mining-induced fissures and dynamically quantitatively described its fractal laws, based on the high-precision microseismic mon-itoring method and the nonlinear Fractal Geometry Theory. The results show that:the overburden rock mining-induced fissure fractal dimension experiences two periodic change processes with the coal face advance, namely a Small ? Big ? Small process, which tends to be stable; the functional relationship between the extraction step distance and the overburden rock mining-induced fissure fractal dimension is a cubic curve. The results suggest that the fractal dimension reflects the evolution characteristics of the overburden rock mining-induced fissure, which can be used as an evaluation index of the stability of the overburden rock strata, and it provides theoretical guidance for stability analysis of the overburden rock strata, goaf roof control and the support movements in the mining face.

  4. MineScan: non-image data monitoring and mining from imaging modalities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zaidi, Shayan M.; Huff, Dov; Bhalodia, Pankit; Mongkolwat, Pattanasak; Channin, David S.

    2003-05-01

    This project is intended to capture and interactively display non-image information routinely generated by imaging modalities. This information relates to the device's performance of the individual procedures and is not necessarily available in other information streams such as DICOM headers. While originally intended for use in servicing the modalities, this information can also be presented to radiologists and administrators within the department for both micro- and macro-management purposes. This data can help hospital administrators and radiologists manage available resources and discover clues to indicate what modifications in hospital operations might significantly improve its ability to provide efficient patient care. Data is collected from a departmental CT scanner. The data consists of a running record of exams followed by a list of processing records logged over a 24-hour period. MineScan extracts information from these records and stores it into a database. A statistical program is run once a day to collect relevant metrics. MineScan can be accessed via a Web browser or through an advanced prototype PACS workstation. This information, if provided in real-time, can be used to manage operations in a busy department. Even when provided historically, the data can be used to assess current activity, analyze trends and plan future operations.

  5. 主溜井垮塌三维探测及可视化分析与计算%3D Detection and Visual Analysis and Calculation of Mine Ore Pass Collapse

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王婷玉; 罗周全; 秦亚光; 孙杨

    2016-01-01

    作为地下矿山开采中最重要的矿石运输工程之一,主溜井的安全性与矿山生产速度以及周边设施安全息息相关。针对某地下大型金属矿山深部4#主溜井因倒矿冲击受损的工程实际,运用空区三维激光探测系统(CMS)和大型矿床三维软件 SURPAC,实现了对溜井垮塌三维信息的准确获取及可视化分析计算,得到主溜井各段垮塌量及垮塌范围,并准确获得溜井的边界信息,其中最大垮塌宽度达到6 m,第四段溜井垮塌体积高达1011 m3。针对主溜井垮塌产生的安全隐患提出针对性的修复措施,为主溜井垮塌分析及修复提供有益借鉴及技术支持。%As one of the most important transportation engineering in underground mining,mine ore pass is closely related to the security of mine production speed and the surrounding facilities.For the practical engineering of the 4 mine ore pass of a large deep underground metal mine,using 3D laser system,detection of empty area(CMS)and large deposits of 3D software SURPAC,realizing the 3D information acquisition and visualization computing implementation of the collapse district of mine ore pass.3D information acquisition and visualization computing implementation,obtains the amount of the collapse,the range and the boundary information,the biggest collapse width can reach 6 m,collapse volume reach to 1 011 m3.For the security risks of the collapsed mine ore pass, proposed targeting measures,which provided useful reference and technical support for the analysis of the collapse of mine ore pass.

  6. Monitoring Mining Subsidence Using A Combination of Phase-Stacking and Offset-Tracking Methods

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hongdong Fan

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available An approach to study the mechanism of mining-induced subsidence, using a combination of phase-stacking and sub-pixel offset-tracking methods, is reported. In this method, land subsidence with a small deformation gradient was calculated using time-series differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (D-InSAR data, whereas areas with greater subsidence were calculated by a sub-pixel offset-tracking method. With this approach, time-series data for mining subsidence were derived in Yulin area using 11 TerraSAR-X (TSX scenes from 13 December 2012 to 2 April 2013. The maximum mining subsidence and velocity values were 4.478 m and 40 mm/day, respectively, which were beyond the monitoring capabilities of D-InSAR and advanced InSAR. The results were compared with the GPS field survey data, and the root mean square errors (RMSE of the results in the strike and dip directions were 0.16 m and 0.11 m, respectively. Four important results were obtained from the time-series subsidence in this mining area: (1 the mining-induced subsidence entered the residual deformation stage within about 44 days; (2 the advance angle of influence changed from 75.6° to 80.7°; (3 the prediction parameters of mining subsidence; (4 three-dimensional deformation. This method could be used to predict the occurrence of mining accidents and to help in the restoration of the ecological environment after mining activities have ended.

  7. Seismic Characterization of Coal-Mining Seismicity in Utah for CTBT Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arabasz, W J; Pechmann, J C

    2001-03-01

    Underground coal mining (down to {approx}0.75 km depth) in the contiguous Wasatch Plateau (WP) and Book Cliffs (BC) mining districts of east-central Utah induces abundant seismicity that is monitored by the University of Utah regional seismic network. This report presents the results of a systematic characterization of mining seismicity (magnitude {le} 4.2) in the WP-BC region from January 1978 to June 2000-together with an evaluation of three seismic events (magnitude {le} 4.3) associated with underground trona mining in southwestern Wyoming during January-August 2000. (Unless specified otherwise, magnitude implies Richter local magnitude, M{sub L}.) The University of Utah Seismograph Stations (UUSS) undertook this cooperative project to assist the University of California Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) in research and development relating to monitoring the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT). The project, which formally began February 28, 1998, and ended September 1, 2000, had three basic objectives: (1) Strategically install a three-component broadband digital seismic station in the WP-BC region to ensure the continuous recording of high-quality waveform data to meet the long-term needs of LLNL, UUSS, and other interested parties, including the international CTBT community. (2) Determine source mechanisms--to the extent that available source data and resources allowed--for comparative seismic characterization of stress release in mines versus earthquakes in the WP-BC study region. (3) Gather and report to LLNL local information on mine operations and associated seismicity, including ''ground truth'' for significant events. Following guidance from LLNL's Technical Representative, the focus of Objective 2 was changed slightly to place emphasis on three mining-related events that occurred in and near the study area after the original work plan had been made, thus posing new targets of opportunity. These included: a magnitude

  8. RadMonitor: radiology operations data mining in real time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Richard; Mongkolwat, Pattanasak; Channin, David S

    2008-09-01

    This paper describes the web-based visualization interface of RadMonitor, a platform-independent web application designed to help manage the complexity of information flow within a health care enterprise. The system eavesdrops on Health Layer 7 traffic and parses statistical operational information into a database. The information is then presented to the user as a treemap--a graphical visualization scheme that simplifies the display of hierarchical information. While RadMonitor has been implemented for the purpose of analyzing radiology operations, its XML backend allows it to be reused for virtually any other hierarchical data set.

  9. Orthogonal experiment design of EMI of security monitoring system in coal mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Xiang Liu; Chaoqun Jiao; Aifen Yao

    2015-01-01

    Security monitoring system of coal mines is indispensable to ensure the safe and efficient production of colliery. Due to the special and narrow underground field of the coal mine, the electromagnetic interference can cause a series of misstatements and false positives on the monitoring system, which will severely hamper the safe production of coal industry. In this paper, first, the frequency characteristics of the interference source on the power line are extracted when equipment runs normally. Then the finite difference time domain method is introduced to analyze the effects of the electromagnetic interference parameters on the security monitoring signal line. And the interference voltage of the two terminal sides on the single line is taken as evaluating indexes. Finally, the electromagnetic interference parameters are optimized by orthogonal experimental design based on the MATLAB simulation on the normal operation of equipment.

  10. A log mining approach for process monitoring in SCADA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hadziosmanovic, Dina; Bolzoni, Damiano; Hartel, Pieter

    2012-01-01

    SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes. We propose a methodology to systematically identify potential process-related threats in SCADA. Process-related threats take place when an attacker gains user access rights and perf

  11. A Log Mining Approach for Process Monitoring in SCADA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hadziosmanovic, D.; Bolzoni, D.; Hartel, Pieter H.

    2012-01-01

    SCADA (Supervisory Control and Data Acquisition) systems are used for controlling and monitoring industrial processes. We propose a methodology to systematically identify potential process-related threats in SCADA. Process-related threats take place when an attacker gains user access rights and perf

  12. Strategies to monitor non-homogeneous atmospheres in sealed off panels in coal mines.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Hardman, DR

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available to thank SIMRAC for the opportunity to undertake this research, which could not have proceeded without their financial support of project COL 602. The section on current practice in Europe and North America was contributed by Dr D P Creedy. In doing... of international practice 7 2.1 Monitoring of atmospheres in inaccessible areas of 8 coal mines - practices in Europe and North America 2.1.1 Introduction 8 2.1.2 Monitoring techniques 9 2.1.3 Monitoring...

  13. Monitoring of Huaihe DikeDeformation Caused by Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Based on a large number of data gathered through monitoring and surveying, this paper gives modifica-tion and calculation formulas of the movement and deformation of the dike slope. The variation of subsidence andhorizontal movement in the dike interior is analyzed. And from the geological condition of the dike, the interrela-tion between the subsidence, horizontal movement and the stratum structure and the basic laws are discussed.

  14. High-voltage cable insulation online monitoring in coal mine based on pattern recognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Yongmei; Li, Junfeng; Wu, Lingjie; Wang, Yanwen

    2017-03-01

    The single-phase grounding fault is the main electrical fault types of the mine power grid. A new cable insulation online monitoring based on pattern recognition is proposed, in case single-phase grounding fault in coal mine. Firstly, using the pattern recognition method, the insulation state of the cable is divided into three types: "good insulation" and "insulation decline symmetrically" and "insulation decline asymmetrically". Then the cables with "insulation decline asymmetrically" can be further analysed and calculated and its insulation parameter value can be determined. The algorithm is simulated and verified. Simulation result shows that: The zero-sequence voltage and each phase voltage and the zero-sequence current of each cable are taken in the coal mine high-voltage system, and the insulation parameter value of each cable can be calculated accurately by using the pattern recognition method.

  15. Automating slope monitoring in mines with terrestrial lidar scanners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conforti, Dario

    2014-05-01

    Static terrestrial laser scanners (TLS) have been an important component of slope monitoring for some time, and many solutions for monitoring the progress of a slide have been devised over the years. However, all of these solutions have required users to operate the lidar equipment in the field, creating a high cost in time and resources, especially if the surveys must be performed very frequently. This paper presents a new solution for monitoring slides, developed using a TLS and an automated data acquisition, processing and analysis system. In this solution, a TLS is permanently mounted within sight of the target surface and connected to a control computer. The control software on the computer automatically triggers surveys according to a user-defined schedule, parses data into point clouds, and compares data against a baseline. The software can base the comparison against either the original survey of the site or the most recent survey, depending on whether the operator needs to measure the total or recent movement of the slide. If the displacement exceeds a user-defined safety threshold, the control computer transmits alerts via SMS text messaging and/or email, including graphs and tables describing the nature and size of the displacement. The solution can also be configured to trigger the external visual/audio alarm systems. If the survey areas contain high-traffic areas such as roads, the operator can mark them for exclusion in the comparison to prevent false alarms. To improve usability and safety, the control computer can connect to a local intranet and allow remote access through the software's web portal. This enables operators to perform most tasks with the TLS from their office, including reviewing displacement reports, downloading survey data, and adjusting the scan schedule. This solution has proved invaluable in automatically detecting and alerting users to potential danger within the monitored areas while lowering the cost and work required for

  16. Intelligent Monitoring System For Carbon Monoxide Poisoning And Leakage In Mines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anshul Thakur

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a feasibility study of a wearable helmet in order to protect mine workers specially of goldmines from carbon monoxide poisoning and cyanidation. Carbon monoxide(CO poisoning is a common problem faced by the workers of coal, gold and many other mines. On the other hand cyanidation problem occurs in gold mines only during ore processing. Current safety systems for mine workers, only monitors environmental concentrations of gas. This is insufficient because toxic exposures effects people at different levels based on their immunity levels. During mining process CO can be emitted which is a odorless gas and lighter than air, it cannot be sensed by workers and effects the hemoglobin range in the body so a CO gas sensor is implemented here in order to detect CO, if the density of CO exceeds inside the mines then the exhaust fan can be switched ON automatically. The key feature of this system is pulse oximetery sensor which will be checking the health parameters of each and every person employed there. During ore processing sodium cyanide is added to the ore in order to extract the gold from its ore which is a acidic substance. If acidity increases beyond a certain level then system will automatically pump sodium hydroxide into the ore to make it less acidic. All these three parameters will be displayed on LCD in the central location which will contain buzzer also for emergency. So in this system we are monitoring three parameters of workers as compare to one in previous systems and hence the security of workers is enhanced.

  17. Monitoring of Land degradation in the mining impacted areas of Mongolia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amar, T.; Renchin, T.

    2012-12-01

    Nowadays, environmental issue is very important and complicated problem in Mongolia. Mongolia has long suffered from poor mining legislation and almost no regulation of its production . There is a need to undertake analyses of land degradation and land use in Mongolia as an important factor of Environment. Land degradation has been identified as one the priority concerns. Causes of land degradation can be divided into two categories natural and human induced in Mongolia. The second hand level mining contributes to land degradation increased small to large-scale mining, as well as illicit activity resulting in exploitation of the country's mineral resources. In the last decade Mongolia has been developing the mining sector and due to the great number of exploitations the related territories were ecologically damaged. The rivers and lakes are drained, the earth is defiled and all these damages brought the environmental problems. This study aims to monitor land degradation processes in the study area Ongi River Basin of the central region of Mongolia. This area is affected by mining activities and desertification processes. The main reason of drying up Ongiriver and Ulaannuur is definitely changed the Onggi riverbed due to the mining of gold placer deposit and never making technical and biological reclamation. About 60 thousand people and over one million livestock who one living around Onggi river one getting defective of drink water and pasture because of Onggi river and UlaanLake's evaporation. We applied change detection technique and supervised classification using Satellite data. This study contributes to the research which involves policy makers and stakeholders to define and negotiate relevant scenarios in participatory approaches in the local area and to the studies about linking people to pixels. This case study will enable our researchers to plan for the future by making more educated decisions in issues stemming from mining, land degradation, water

  18. Mining-induced earthquakes monitored during pit closure in the Midlothian Coalfield

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Redmayne, D.W.; Richards, J.A.; Wild, P.W. [British Geological Survey, Edinburgh (United Kingdom). Global Seismology and Geomagnetism Group

    1998-06-01

    The British Geological Survey installed a seismometer network to monitor earthquakes around Rosslyn Chapel in the Midlothian Coalfield from November 1987 until January 1990. Accurate locations were obtained for 247 events and a close spatial and temporal association with concurrent coal mining, with a rapid decay of earthquake activity following pit closure, was demonstrated, indicating a mining-induced cause. Residual stress from past mining appears to have been an important factor in generating seismicity, and observations indicate that limiting the width of the workings or rate of extraction may significantly reduce or eliminate mining-induced earthquake activity. A frequency-magnitude analysis indicates a relatively high abundance of small events in this coalfield area. The maximum magnitude of a mining-induced earthquake likely to have been experienced during the life of the coalfield (maximum credible magnitude) was 3.0 M-L, although an extreme event (maximum possible magnitude) as large as 3.4 M-L was remotely possible. Significant seismic amplification was observed at Rosslyn Chapel, which is founded on sand and gravel, compared with a nearby bedrock site. As a consequence, relatively small magnitude events caused high, and occasionally damaging, seismic intensities at the chapel.

  19. Passive seismic tomography application for cave monitoring in DOZ underground mine PT. Freeport Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B.; Wely, Woen; Setiadi, Herlan; Riyanto, Erwin

    2015-04-01

    It is already known that tomography has a great impact for analyzing and mapping unknown objects based on inversion, travel time as well as waveform inversion. Therefore, tomography has used in wide area, not only in medical but also in petroleum as well as mining. Recently, tomography method is being applied in several mining industries. A case study of tomography imaging has been carried out in DOZ ( Deep Ore Zone ) block caving mine, Tembagapura, Papua. Many researchers are undergoing to investigate the properties of DOZ cave not only outside but also inside which is unknown. Tomography takes a part for determining this objective.The sources are natural from the seismic events that caused by mining induced seismicity and rocks deformation activity, therefore it is called as passive seismic. These microseismic travel time data are processed by Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique (SIRT). The result of the inversion can be used for DOZ cave monitoring. These information must be used for identifying weak zone inside the cave. In addition, these results of tomography can be used to determine DOZ and cave information to support mine activity in PT. Freeport Indonesia.

  20. Passive seismic tomography application for cave monitoring in DOZ underground mine PT. Freeport Indonesia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nurhandoko, Bagus Endar B.; Wely, Woen; Setiadi, Herlan [WISFIR Laboratory, Earth Physics and Complex System Division, Physics Department, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Sciences, Institut Teknologi Bandung (Indonesia); Riyanto, Erwin [Geotechnical and Hydrology PT. Freeport Indonesia wonbin-ww@hotmail.com (Indonesia)

    2015-04-16

    It is already known that tomography has a great impact for analyzing and mapping unknown objects based on inversion, travel time as well as waveform inversion. Therefore, tomography has used in wide area, not only in medical but also in petroleum as well as mining. Recently, tomography method is being applied in several mining industries. A case study of tomography imaging has been carried out in DOZ ( Deep Ore Zone ) block caving mine, Tembagapura, Papua. Many researchers are undergoing to investigate the properties of DOZ cave not only outside but also inside which is unknown. Tomography takes a part for determining this objective.The sources are natural from the seismic events that caused by mining induced seismicity and rocks deformation activity, therefore it is called as passive seismic. These microseismic travel time data are processed by Simultaneous Iterative Reconstruction Technique (SIRT). The result of the inversion can be used for DOZ cave monitoring. These information must be used for identifying weak zone inside the cave. In addition, these results of tomography can be used to determine DOZ and cave information to support mine activity in PT. Freeport Indonesia.

  1. Mining

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khairullah Khan

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Opinion mining is an interesting area of research because of its applications in various fields. Collecting opinions of people about products and about social and political events and problems through the Web is becoming increasingly popular every day. The opinions of users are helpful for the public and for stakeholders when making certain decisions. Opinion mining is a way to retrieve information through search engines, Web blogs and social networks. Because of the huge number of reviews in the form of unstructured text, it is impossible to summarize the information manually. Accordingly, efficient computational methods are needed for mining and summarizing the reviews from corpuses and Web documents. This study presents a systematic literature survey regarding the computational techniques, models and algorithms for mining opinion components from unstructured reviews.

  2. Research on Integration of Coal Mine Monitoring and Control System with Field Bus Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    According to the construction of current coal mine monitoring and control systems in China, the paper proposes three kinds of applicable schemes of integrating PLC and DCS systems with field bus technology to digitize the system and to improve the flexibility and extent of the system. Essentially, the paper introduces the integration of FCS on I/O layers. Based on a real coal mine safety-monitoring and control system applied with a CAN field bus, the major technology of system relays and extensions is discussed. We believe that one of the most applicable methods is currently replacing the connection between function-stations and field-sensors with a CAN bus on I/O layers for system integration.

  3. ADAPTIVE ERROR-LIMITING METHOD SUITABLEFOR THE WALSH CODE SHUTTING MULTIPLEXING IN THE MINE MONITOR SYSTEM

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZhuLiping

    1996-01-01

    Through the analysis for the process of Walsh modulation and demodulation, the adaptive error-limiting method suitable for the Walsh code shutting multiplexing in the mine monitor system is advanced in this article. It is proved by theoretical analysis and circuit experiments that this method is easy to carry out and can not onlyimprove the quality of information transmission but also meet the requirement of thesystem patrol test time without the increasement of system investment.

  4. Data mining for wearable sensors in health monitoring systems: a review of recent trends and challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banaee, Hadi; Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin; Loutfi, Amy

    2013-12-17

    The past few years have witnessed an increase in the development of wearable sensors for health monitoring systems. This increase has been due to several factors such as development in sensor technology as well as directed efforts on political and stakeholder levels to promote projects which address the need for providing new methods for care given increasing challenges with an aging population. An important aspect of study in such system is how the data is treated and processed. This paper provides a recent review of the latest methods and algorithms used to analyze data from wearable sensors used for physiological monitoring of vital signs in healthcare services. In particular, the paper outlines the more common data mining tasks that have been applied such as anomaly detection, prediction and decision making when considering in particular continuous time series measurements. Moreover, the paper further details the suitability of particular data mining and machine learning methods used to process the physiological data and provides an overview of the properties of the data sets used in experimental validation. Finally, based on this literature review, a number of key challenges have been outlined for data mining methods in health monitoring systems.

  5. Data Mining for Wearable Sensors in Health Monitoring Systems: A Review of Recent Trends and Challenges

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hadi Banaee

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The past few years have witnessed an increase in the development of wearable sensors for health monitoring systems. This increase has been due to several factors such as development in sensor technology as well as directed efforts on political and stakeholder levels to promote projects which address the need for providing new methods for care given increasing challenges with an aging population. An important aspect of study in such system is how the data is treated and processed. This paper provides a recent review of the latest methods and algorithms used to analyze data from wearable sensors used for physiological monitoring of vital signs in healthcare services. In particular, the paper outlines the more common data mining tasks that have been applied such as anomaly detection, prediction and decision making when considering in particular continuous time series measurements. Moreover, the paper further details the suitability of particular data mining and machine learning methods used to process the physiological data and provides an overview of the properties of the data sets used in experimental validation. Finally, based on this literature review, a number of key challenges have been outlined for data mining methods in health monitoring systems.

  6. Monitoring the mining effect at drainage basin level using geoinformation technologies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naydenova, Vanya; Roumenina, Eugenia

    2009-09-01

    One of the priority lines of modern regional policy with regard to mining is a territory's sustainable use. One of the key issues is the development of local level monitoring systems to assess and control territories that are subject to intensive anthropogenic activity. The current work proposes a developed geodatabase model for remote sensing and ground-based monitoring of the effects of coal mining at drainage level using geoinformation technologies. Based on this model, the Kutina geographic information system for the drainage basin of the Kutina River has been constructed. The geodatabase is open and may be updated and supplemented with other types of information. This is the first monitoring of coal mining's anthropogenic impact on the land cover and the Kutina Pyramids natural landmark carried out on the territory of the Kutina River drainage basin, Bulgaria. It may assist local level managerial decision-making, among others. Generation of landslide processes and self-ignition of coal layers has been identified as well. The recorded change in the hydrographic network resulting from the performed open coal extraction affects directly the change of the erosion basis. Its increase enhances lateral erosion at the expense of vertical, which is one of the major causes for the Kutina Pyramids natural landmark's degradation.

  7. Data Mining for Wearable Sensors in Health Monitoring Systems: A Review of Recent Trends and Challenges

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banaee, Hadi; Ahmed, Mobyen Uddin; Loutfi, Amy

    2013-01-01

    The past few years have witnessed an increase in the development of wearable sensors for health monitoring systems. This increase has been due to several factors such as development in sensor technology as well as directed efforts on political and stakeholder levels to promote projects which address the need for providing new methods for care given increasing challenges with an aging population. An important aspect of study in such system is how the data is treated and processed. This paper provides a recent review of the latest methods and algorithms used to analyze data from wearable sensors used for physiological monitoring of vital signs in healthcare services. In particular, the paper outlines the more common data mining tasks that have been applied such as anomaly detection, prediction and decision making when considering in particular continuous time series measurements. Moreover, the paper further details the suitability of particular data mining and machine learning methods used to process the physiological data and provides an overview of the properties of the data sets used in experimental validation. Finally, based on this literature review, a number of key challenges have been outlined for data mining methods in health monitoring systems. PMID:24351646

  8. Fusion of Landsat TM and ground spectrometry data in monitoring of non-operating mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borisova, Denitsa; Nikolov, Hristo N.

    2009-09-01

    Surface mining activities in Europe are estimated to cover an area of 5-10 000 km2. In this paper we suggest that the availability of Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) for Earth observation allows the collection of environmental and minerelated data for use in the planning and undertaking of mine restoration work on cost-effective basis. The advantage is that these data are acquired digitally and can be easily processed and utilized in various information formats. Important step in the data processing is the verification of airborne data. For this purpose ground spectrometry measurements of samples taken from test sites have been performed. In the last decade several mining areas and corresponding dumps are subject to reclamation process in Bulgaria. We focused our research on one of the most important in the copper production for 20 year period for our country - Asarel-Medet deposit. This mining complex consists of an open mine, the dumps and a processing plant. After ceasing the exploitation of Medet deposit in 1994 a rehabilitation program for soil cover and hydrographic network was established and launched. A continuous task is the monitoring of these activities from the beginning for at least 15 years period, which is to end this year. To process the data, which characterize the progress of the land cover restoration, several techniques, both standard, such as basic and advanced statistics, image enhancement and data fusion, and novel methods for supervised classification were used. The results obtained show that used data and the implemented approach are useful in environmental monitoring and are economically attractive for the company responsible for the ecological state of the region.

  9. Long term monitoring of water basin of an abandoned copper open pit mine

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikolov, H.; Borisova, D.

    2012-04-01

    Nonoperating open pit mines, very often as a matter of fact abandoned, create serious ecological risk for the region of their location especially for the quality of the water since the rainfall fills the bottom of the pit forming water body having different depth. This water as a rule has very high concentration of the metals in it and is highly toxic. One example for such opencast, idle copper mine is Medet located in the central part of Bulgaria who was started for exploitation in 1964 and at that moment being the largest in Europe for production of copper concentrate. In the vicinity of it after autumn and spring rains there are many cases reported for water contamination by heavy metals such as arsenic, copper, cadmium in the rivers running close to this open pit mine. This justifies the need for long term and sustainable monitoring of the area of the water basin of this idle mine in order to estimate its acid drainage and imaging spectroscopy combined with is-situ investigations is proved to provide reliable results about the area of the water table. In the course of this study we have investigated historical data gathered by remote sensing which allowed us to make conclusions about the year behavior of this area. Our expectations are that the results of this research will help in the rehabilitation process of this idle mine and will provide the local authorities engaged in water quality monitoring with a tool to estimate the possible damage caused to the local rivers and springs. With this research we also would like to contribute to the fulfillment of the following EU Directives: Directive 2006/21/°C on the Management of Waste from the Extractive Industries and Directive 2004/35/ °C on Environmental Liability with regard to the Prevention and Remedying of Environmental Damage.

  10. Geodetic monitoring (TLS of a steel transport trestle bridge located in an active mining exploitation site

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skoczylas Arkadiusz

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Underground mining exploitation causes, in general, irregular vertical and horizontal shifts in the superficial layer of the rock mass. In the case of construction objects seated on this layer, a deformation of the object’s foundation can be observed. This leads to additional loads and deformations. Identification of surface geometry changes in construction objects located within the premises of underground mining exploitation areas is an important task as far as safety of mining sites is concerned. Surveys targeting shifts and deformations in engineering objects preformed with the use of classic methods are of a selective nature and do not provide the full image of the phenomenon being the subject of the observation. This paper presents possibilities of terrestrial laser scanning technology application in the monitoring of engineering objects that allows for a complete spatial documentation of an object subjected to the influence of an active mining exploitation. This paper describes an observation of a 100 m section of a steel transport trestle bridge located on the premises of hard coal mine Lubelski Węgiel “Bogdanka” S.A. carried out in 2015. Measurements were carried out using a Z+F Imager 5010C scanner at an interval of 3.5 months. Changes in the structure’s geometry were determined by comparing the point clouds recorded during the two measurement periods. The results of the analyses showed shifts in the trestle bridge towards the exploited coal wall accompanied by object deformation. The obtained results indicate the possibility of of terrestrial laser scanning application in studying the aftereffects of underground mining exploitation on surface engineering objects.

  11. Landscape and bio- geochemical strategy for monitoring transformation and reclamation of the soil mining sites

    Science.gov (United States)

    Korobova, Elena

    2010-05-01

    Sites of active or abandoned mining represent areas of considerable technogenic impact and need scientifically ground organization of their monitoring and reclamation. The strategy of monitoring and reclamation depends on the scale and character of the physical, chemical and biological consequences of the disturbances. The geochemical studies for monitoring and rehabilitation of the career-dump complexes should methodically account of formation of the particular new landforms and the changes in circulation of the remobilized elements of the soil cover. However, the general strategy should account of both the initial and transformed landscape geochemical structure of the area with due regard to the natural and new content of chemical elements in the environmental components. For example the tailings and waste rocks present new geochemical fields with specifically different concentration of chemical elements that cause formation of new geochemical barriers and landscapes. The way of colonization of the newly formed landscapes depends upon the new geochemical features of the technogenic environment and the adaptive ability of local and intrusive flora. The newly formed biogeochemical anomalies need organization of permanent monitoring not only within the anomaly itself but also of its impact zones. Spatial landscape geochemical monitoring combined with bio-geochemical criteria of threshold concentrations seems to be a helpful tool for decision making on reclamation and operation of the soil mining sites to provide a long-term ecologically sustainable development of the impact zone as a whole.

  12. Undersafe: Monitoring safety parameters in touristic mines and caves

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parcerisa, David; Sanmiquel, Lluís; Alfonso, Pura; Oliva, Josep

    2014-05-01

    Tourism is a key sector of the European economy, generating more than 5% of the EU GPD (Gross Domestic Product). Usually, underground touristic sites receive non-expert visitors; nevertheless these activities are poorly regulated or completely deregulated. Nowadays, safety is provided by underground expert professionals whom proceed to regular inspections and by basic safety infrastructures. Even with these measures, some potential personal and environmental dangers are always present and cannot be totally avoided. Therefore, there is a clear need of a new technological product for safety and environmental continuous monitoring of tourist underground attractions. So, the aim of the Undersafe project is to provide underground attractions with a novel and specifically tailored monitoring system, easy to use and maintain. One of the goals of the Undersafe project is to develop a rock falling detection based on a set of cost limited vibration sensors. Based on the technical needs, but with cost constraints, different types of potential sensors are considered: Underground microphone: It is placed in the surface or in the underground. It is based on the consideration that the impact of the stone generates a ground impact vibration which can be understood as a "noise" that is received by a microphone capsule. Airborne sound sensing microphone: It similarly applies to underground use of the microphones, but now the microphone is tested as for its traditional use (I.e. air sound detection). In such case, the microphone detects the environmental noise produced by the impact of the stone falling onto the ground, which will include the impact sound of the stone. Geophone: It is the de facto standard for ground vibrations. Although this technology was initially discarded due to its high cost, recently, low cost geophones have appeared in the market that allows its use inside the underground attractions. Accelerometers: These, can have enough sensibility to act as vibration

  13. Mining the human urine proteome for monitoring renal transplant injury

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sigdel, Tara K.; Gao, Yuqian; He, Jintang; Wang, Anyou; Nicora, Carrie D.; Fillmore, Thomas L.; Shi, Tujin; Webb-Robertson, Bobbie-Jo; Smith, Richard D.; Qian, Wei-Jun; Salvatierra, Oscar; Camp, David G.; Sarwal, Minnie M.

    2016-06-01

    The human urinary proteome reflects systemic and inherent renal injury perturbations and can be analyzed to harness specific biomarkers for different kidney transplant injury states. 396 unique urine samples were collected contemporaneously with an allograft biopsy from 396 unique kidney transplant recipients. Centralized, blinded histology on the graft was used to classify matched urine samples into categories of acute rejection (AR), chronic allograft nephropathy (CAN), BK virus nephritis (BKVN), and stable graft (STA). Liquid chromatography–mass spectrometry (LC-MS) based proteomics using iTRAQ based discovery (n=108) and global label-free LC-MS analyses of individual samples (n=137) for quantitative proteome assessment were used in the discovery step. Selected reaction monitoring (SRM) was applied to identify and validate minimal urine protein/peptide biomarkers to accurately segregate organ injury causation and pathology on unique urine samples (n=151). A total of 958 proteins were initially quantified by iTRAQ, 87% of which were also identified among 1574 urine proteins detected in LC-MS validation. 103 urine proteins were significantly (p<0.05) perturbed in injury and enriched for humoral immunity, complement activation, and lymphocyte trafficking. A set of 131 peptides corresponding to 78 proteins were assessed by SRM for their significance in an independent sample cohort. A minimal set of 35 peptides mapping to 33 proteins, were modeled to segregate different injury groups (AUC =93% for AR, 99% for CAN, 83% for BKVN). Urinary proteome discovery and targeted validation identified urine protein fingerprints for non-invasive differentiation of kidney transplant injuries, thus opening the door for personalized immune risk assessment and therapy.

  14. Dispatching and monitoring - high technologies for greater productivity in Yugoslav mines. Dispecing i monitoring - visoke tehnologije za vecu produktivnost Jugoslovenskog rudarstva

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kordic, Z.; Avdic, S.; Vidakovic, D.; Miskic, D.; Vukota, R.; Jurosevic, R. (Rudarski Institut, Tuzla (Yugoslavia))

    1990-01-01

    Outlines features of the project Dispatching and Monitoring to increase productivity in surface mining, conducted by the Mining Institute, Tuzla (Yugoslavia). The project is within the framework of the plan Social Goal XVI of Bosnia and Herzegovina, to be accomplished within 5 years. The goal of the project is to explore conditions, means and methods which could contribute to better utilization of machinery and equipment of surface mines by wide-scale introduction of appropriate computer monitoring systems. Fourteen project topics to be investigated are listed. 9 refs.

  15. Properties of L-band differential InSAR for monitoring mining-induced subsidence in coalfield of Jining, Northern China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陶秋香; 刘国林

    2014-01-01

    The properties and feasibility of L-band differential InSAR for detecting and monitoring mining-induced subsidence were systematically analyzed and demonstrated. The largest monitored subsidence gradient of 7.9×10-3 and magnitude of 91 cm were firstly derived by theoretical derivation. Then, the stronger phase maintaining capacity and weaker sensitivity to minor land subsidence compared with C-band DInSAR were illustrated by phase simulation of the actual mine subsidence. Finally, the data processing procedure of two-pass DInSAR was further refined to accurately observe subsidence of a coalfield of Jining in Northern China using 7 ALOS PALSAR images. The largest monitored subsidence magnitude of 39.22 cm and other properties were better investigated by testing results interpretation and subsidence analysis, and the absolute difference varying from 0.5 mm to 17.9 mm was obtained by comparison with leveling-measured subsidence. All of results show that L-band DInSAR technique can investigate the location, amount, area and other detailed subsidence information with relatively higher accuracy.

  16. Hydrology and water-quality monitoring considerations, Jackpile uranium mine, northwestern New Mexico

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehner, H.H.

    1985-01-01

    groundwater probably will discharge to the natural stream channels draining the mine area. Groundwater quality may be monitored as: (1) ' Limited monitoring, ' in which only the change in water quality is determined as the groundwater flows from the mine; or (2) ' thorough monitoring, ' in which specific sources of possible contaminants are described. (Author 's Abstract)

  17. Application of remote-sensing-image fusion to the monitoring of mining induced subsidence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Liang-jun; WU Yan-bin

    2008-01-01

    We discuss remote-sensing-image fusion based on a multi-band wavelet and RGB feature fusion method. The fused data can be used to monitor the dynamic evolution of mining induced subsidence. High resolution panchromatic image data and multi-spectral image data were first decomposed with a multi-ary wavelet method. Then the high frequency components of the high resolution image were fused with the features from the R, G, B bands of the multi-spectral image to form a new high frequency component. Then the newly formed high frequency component and the low frequency component were inversely transformed using a multi-ary wavelet method. Finally, color images were formed from the newly formed R, G, B bands. In our experiment we used images with a resolution of 10 m (SPOT), and TM30 images, of the Huainan mining area. These images were fused with a trinary wavelet method. In addition, we used four indexes-entropy, average gradient, wavelet energy and spectral distortion-to assess the new method. The result indicates that this new method can improve the clarity and resolution of the images and also preserves the information from the original images. Using the fused images for monitoring mining induced subsidence achieves a good effect.

  18. Compressed air energy storage monitoring to support refrigerated mined rock cavern technology.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Moo Yul; Bauer, Stephen J.

    2004-06-01

    This document is the final report for the Compressed Air Energy Storage Monitoring to Support Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology (CAES Monitoring to Support RMRCT) (DE-FC26-01NT40868) project to have been conducted by CAES Development Co., along with Sandia National Laboratories. This document provides a final report covering tasks 1.0 and subtasks 2.1, 2.2, and 2.5 of task 2.0 of the Statement of Project Objectives and constitutes the final project deliverable. The proposed work was to have provided physical measurements and analyses of large-scale rock mass response to pressure cycling. The goal was to develop proof-of-concept data for a previously developed and DOE sponsored technology (RMRCT or Refrigerated-Mined Rock Cavern Technology). In the RMRCT concept, a room and pillar mine developed in rock serves as a pressure vessel. That vessel will need to contain pressure of about 1370 psi (and cycle down to 300 psi). The measurements gathered in this study would have provided a means to determine directly rock mass response during cyclic loading on the same scale, under similar pressure conditions. The CAES project has been delayed due to national economic unrest in the energy sector.

  19. MS-BWME: a wireless real-time monitoring system for brine well mining equipment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Xinqing; Zhu, Tianyu; Qi, Lin; Moga, Liliana Mihaela; Zhang, Xiaoshuan

    2014-10-23

    This paper describes a wireless real-time monitoring system (MS-BWME) to monitor the running state of pumps equipment in brine well mining and prevent potential failures that may produce unexpected interruptions with severe consequences. MS-BWME consists of two units: the ZigBee Wireless Sensors Network (WSN) unit and the real-time remote monitoring unit. MS-BWME was implemented and tested in sampled brine wells mining in Qinghai Province and four kinds of indicators were selected to evaluate the performance of the MS-BWME, i.e., sensor calibration, the system's real-time data reception, Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI) and sensor node lifetime. The results show that MS-BWME can accurately judge the running state of the pump equipment by acquiring and transmitting the real-time voltage and electric current data of the equipment from the spot and provide real-time decision support aid to help workers overhaul the equipment in a timely manner and resolve failures that might produce unexpected production down-time. The MS-BWME can also be extended to a wide range of equipment monitoring applications.

  20. MS-BWME: A Wireless Real-Time Monitoring System for Brine Well Mining Equipment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xinqing Xiao

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper describes a wireless real-time monitoring system (MS-BWME to monitor the running state of pumps equipment in brine well mining and prevent potential failures that may produce unexpected interruptions with severe consequences. MS-BWME consists of two units: the ZigBee Wireless Sensors Network (WSN unit and the real-time remote monitoring unit. MS-BWME was implemented and tested in sampled brine wells mining in Qinghai Province and four kinds of indicators were selected to evaluate the performance of the MS-BWME, i.e., sensor calibration, the system’s real-time data reception, Received Signal Strength Indicator (RSSI and sensor node lifetime. The results show that MS-BWME can accurately judge the running state of the pump equipment by acquiring and transmitting the real-time voltage and electric current data of the equipment from the spot and provide real-time decision support aid to help workers overhaul the equipment in a timely manner and resolve failures that might produce unexpected production down-time. The MS-BWME can also be extended to a wide range of equipment monitoring applications.

  1. The safety parameters monitoring system for the coal mine based on CAN bus communication and intelligent data acquisition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bin Guangfu; Chu Wangwen; Balbir S.Dhillon; He Wenbiao

    2008-01-01

    In this paper,a monitoring and controlling system for the safety in production and environmental parameters of a small and medium-sized coal mine has been developed after analyzing the current domestic coal production and securi-ty conditions.The client computer can convert the analog signal about the safety in production and environmental param-eters detected from the monitoring terminal into digital signal,and then,send the signal to the coal mine safety monito-ring centre.This information can be analyzed,judged,and diagnosed by the monitoring-management-controUing soft-ware for helping the manager and technical workers to control the actual underground production and security situations.The system has many advantages including high reliability,better performance of real-time monitoring,faster data com-municating and good practicability,and it can effectively prevent the occurrence of safety incidents in coal mines.

  2. Feasibility of monitoring a mine fan by using interaction of vibrator system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ZHOU Zhong-ning; LI Yi-min; GU Yong-xia; LI Shao-hui; XIE Yuan-sen

    2009-01-01

    The impeller of turbo machinery is a typical nonlinear multi-oscillator system. The vibration of each module is coupling, including fluid-solid coupling of the blade. The subject of our investigation was a KDF-5 mine fan for which we analyzed air vibration signals and axial vibration signals by using correlation dimension analysis under five variable working conditions. The results indicate that their correlation dimension curves show a uniform trend. That is to say, the characteristics of the variation signals of the integral structure are correlated and mutually embodied. It proves that it is possible to monitor the working state of a mine fan by coupling the vibration signals and air vibration signals for these are more sensitive in representing the status of the impeller system.

  3. Research on coal-mine gas monitoring system controlled by annealing simulating algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Mengran; Li, Zhenbi

    2007-12-01

    This paper introduces the principle and schematic diagram of gas monitoring system by means of infrared method. Annealing simulating algorithm is adopted to find the whole optimum solution and the Metroplis criterion is used to make iterative algorithm combination optimization by control parameter decreasing aiming at solving large-scale combination optimization problem. Experiment result obtained by the performing scheme of realizing algorithm training and flow of realizing algorithm training indicates that annealing simulating algorithm applied to identify gas is better than traditional linear local search method. It makes the algorithm iterate to the optimum value rapidly so that the quality of the solution is improved efficiently. The CPU time is shortened and the identifying rate of gas is increased. For the mines with much-gas gushing fatalness the regional danger and disaster advanced forecast can be realized. The reliability of coal-mine safety is improved.

  4. Analysis of the seismicity in the region of Mirovo salt mine after 8 years monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimitrova, Liliya; Solakov, Dimcho; Simeonova, Stela; Aleksandrova, Irena; Georgieva, Gergana

    2015-04-01

    Mirovo salt deposit is situated in the NE part of Bulgaria and 5 kilometers away from the town of Provadiya. The mine is in operation since 1956. The salt is produced by dilution and extraction of the brine to the surface. A system of chambers-pillars is formed within the salt body as a result of the applied technology. The mine is situated in a seismically quiet part of the state. The region is characterized with complex geological structure and several faults. During the last 3 decades a large number of small and moderate earthquakes (MVPN and MAN networks of the Bulgarian Telecommunication Company. Common processing and interpretation of the data from LSN and the national seismic network is performed. Real-time and interactive data processing are performed by the Seismic Network Data Processor (SNDP) software package. More than 700 earthquakes are registered by the LSN within 30km region around the mine during the 8 years monitoring. First we processed the data and compile a catalogue of the earthquakes occur within the studied region (30km around the salt mine). Spatial pattern of seismicity is analyzed. A large number of the seismic events occurred within the northern and north-western part of the salt body. Several earthquakes occurred in close vicinity of the mine. Concerning that the earthquakes could be tectonic and/or induced an attempt is made to find criteria to distinguish natural from induced seismicity. To characterize and distinguish the main processes active in the area we also made waveform and spectral analysis of a number of earthquakes.

  5. Application of multispectral remote sensing techniques for dismissed mine sites monitoring and rehabilitation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonifazi, Giuseppe; Serranti, Silvia

    2007-09-01

    Mining activities, expecially those operated in open air (open pit), present a deep impact on the sourrondings. Such an impact, and the related problems, are directly related to the correct operation of the activities, and usually strongly interact with the environment. Impact can be mainly related to the following issues: high volumes of handled material, ii) generation of dust, noise and vibrations, water pollution, visual impact and, finally, mining area recovery at the end of exploitation activities. All these aspects can be considered very important, and must be properly evaluated and monitored. Environmental impact control is usually carried out during and after the end of the mining activities, adopting methods related to the detection, collection, analysis of specific environmental indicators and with their further comparison with reference thresholding values stated by official regulations. Aim of the study was to investigate, and critically evaluate, the problems related to development of an integrated set of procedures based on the collection and the analysis of remote sensed data in order to evaluate the effect of rehabilitation of land contaminated by extractive industry activities. Starting from the results of these analyses, a monitoring and registration of the environmental impact of such operations was performed by the application and the integration of modern information technologies, as the previous mentioned Earth Observation (EO), with Geographic Information Systems (GIS). The study was developed with reference to different dismissed mine sites in India, Thailand and China. The results of the study have been utilized as input for the construction of a knowledge based decision support system finalized to help in the identification of the appropriate rehabilitation technologies for all those dismissed area previously interested by extractive industry activities. The work was financially supported within the framework of the Project ASIA IT&C - CN

  6. InSAR Used for Subsidence Monitoring of Mining Area OKR, Czech Republic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lazecky, Milan

    2010-03-01

    The abilities of InSAR processing techniques to detect and monitor subsidence of mining areas were already proved in several works, e.g. of Dr. Perski that used them in Poland. As an ESA project of VSB-TU Ostrava using data from ERS 1,2 and Envisat ASAR, the InSAR has been applied also for the Northern Moravian OKR region in Czech Republic, a region with a long black coal mining history. Mining activities in this area have caused damages and destructions of many buildings, tramlines etc. The problem is still actual, even that only 4 mines are active, since 2007. Via the InSAR processing, an evolution of subsidence during last 10 years is monitored using the Doris software. Due to highly decorrelated interferograms created from newer data (since 2001), the actual state is hardly interpretable though. The critical subsiding objects were detected by pointwise multitemporal InSAR techniques (MT- InSAR) - the permanent scatterers and small baselines methods using the StaMPS software. The results were compared with the in-situ levelling revealing that the estimated rate of subsidence was underestimated. Only the ERS-2 data from period 1999-2000 were successfully used in these advanced InSAR techniques to achieve some reasonable results. Because of gyroscopes failure of ERS-2, the data since January 2001 couldn't be processed successfully by StaMPS due to big differences in the Doppler centroid frequencies of each images - an abortive result of a small baselines method attempt can be presented. Because of used long- wall mining method, that evokes spatial movement of subsidence epicenters in time, a longer time period of dataset usable in MT-InSAR would decrease the processing merit (the character of subsidence in the area is not pointwise in longer time period). This project will continue with a processing of newer datasets to achieve a complete overview of terrain changes in the mining area during the last decade.

  7. A multitrophic approach to monitoring the effects of metal mining in otherwise pristine and ecologically sensitive rivers in northern Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Paula; Bowman, Michelle F; Dubé, Monique G

    2008-07-01

    It is not known if current chemical and biological monitoring methods are appropriate for assessing the impacts of growing industrial development on ecologically sensitive northern waters. We used a multitrophic level approach to evaluate current monitoring methods and to determine whether metal-mining activities had affected 2 otherwise pristine rivers that flow into the South Nahanni River, Northwest Territories, a World Heritage Site. We compared upstream reference conditions in the rivers to sites downstream and further downstream of mines. The endpoints we evaluated included concentrations of metals in river water, sediments, and liver and flesh of slimy sculpin (Cottus cognatus); benthic algal and macroinvertebrate abundance, richness, diversity, and community composition; and various slimy sculpin measures, our sentinel forage fish species. Elevated concentrations of copper and iron in liver tissue of sculpin from the Flat River were associated with high concentrations of mine-derived iron in river water and copper in sediments that were above national guidelines. In addition, sites downstream of the mine on the Flat River had increased algal abundances and altered benthic macroinvertebrate communities, whereas the sites downstream of the mine on Prairie Creek had increased benthic macroinvertebrate taxa richness and improved sculpin condition. Biological differences in both rivers were consistent with mild enrichment of the rivers downstream of current and historical mining activity. We recommend that monitoring in these northern rivers focus on indicators in epilithon and benthic macroinvertebrate communities due to their responsiveness and as alternatives to lethal fish sampling in habitats with low fish abundance. We also recommend monitoring of metal burdens in periphyton and benthic invertebrates for assessment of exposure to mine effluent and causal association. Although the effects of mining activities on riverine biota currently are limited, our

  8. 浅埋煤层穿越河道采煤的实践与研究%Practices and Study on Coal Mining in Shallow Depth Seam Passing Through River Bed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王建文; 王宏科; 陈菲

    2012-01-01

    为防止煤层回采过程中地表水通过导水裂缝带流入井内,威胁矿井安全,基于神府矿区柠条塔煤矿N1201工作面新民沟区域富水区水文地质条件,运用经验公式计算出该工作面回采后,工作面上方地表河流段会形成塌陷区,塌陷后的导水裂缝带高约60 m,使工作面与地表相贯通,通过SF6气体试验得以证实。为此采用在井下设置排水仓、地表安设排水管道、河道裂缝处开挖充填等综合技术防止地表水向井下下渗,结果表明,回采过程中工作面涌水量仅较原来增加了4.7m3/h,实现了穿越河道浅埋煤层安全开采。%In order to prevent the surface water rushed into the mine through the water flow fissure zone during the seam mining operation to threaten the mine safety,based on the hydrological investigation conducted on the watery zone of Xinmingou Area for No.1201 coal mining face in Ningtiaota Mine of Shenfu Mining Area,the calculation with the experience formula showed that after the mining of the coal mining face,the river section of the surface ground above the coal mining face would be formed as a subsidence area.After the subsidence occurred,the height of the water flow cracking zone would be about 60 m and the water flow from the surface ground to the coal mining face would be connected.The SF6 gas experiment showed that the water drainage sump set in the underground mine,the water drainage pipeline set on the surface ground,the excavation and backfill of the river course and other comprehensive technology could be applied to prevent the surface ground water running into the underground mine.The results showed that during the mining process,the water inrush value in the coal mining face was 4.7 m3/h higher than the previous coal mining face.Thus a safety mining in the shallow depth seam was conducted passing through the river bed.

  9. Assessment of radar interferometry performance for ground subsidence monitoring due to underground mining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ng, A.H.M.; Chang, H.C.; Ge, L.L.; Rizos, C.; Omura, M. [Cooperative Research Centre for Spatial Information, Carlton, Vic. (Australia)

    2009-07-01

    This paper describes the results from the recently launched SAR satellites for the purpose of subsidence monitoring over underground coal mine sites in the state of New South Wales, Australia, using differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR) technique. The quality of the mine subsidence monitoring results is mainly constrained by noise due to the spatial and temporal decorrelation between the interferometric pair and the phase discontinuities in the interferogram. This paper reports oil the analysis of the impact of these two factors on the performance of DInSAR for monitoring ground deformation. Simulations were carried out prior to real data analyses. SAR data acquired using different operating frequencies, for example, X-, C- and L-band, from the TerraSAR-X, ERS-1/2, ENVISAT, JERS-1 and ALOS satellite missions, were examined. The simulation results showed that the new satellites ALOS, TerraSAR-X and COSMO-SkyMed perform much better than the satellites launched before 2006. ALOS and ENVISAT satellite SAR images with similar temporal coverage were searched for the test site. The ALOS PALSAR DInSAR results have been compared to DInSAR results obtained from ENVISAT ASAR data to investigate the performance of both satellites for ground subsidence monitoring. Strong phase discontinuities and decorrelation have been observed in almost all ENVISAT interferograms and hence it is not possible to generate the displacement maps without errors. However these problems are minimal in ALOS PALSAR interferograms due to its spatial resolution and longer wavelength. Hence ALOS PALSAR is preferred for ground subsidence monitoring in areas covered by vegetation and where there is a high rate ground deformation.

  10. Using Data-Mining Approaches for Wind Turbine Power Curve Monitoring: A Comparative Study

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schlechtingen, Meik; Santos, Ilmar; Achiche, Sofiane

    2013-01-01

    Four data-mining approaches for wind turbine power curve monitoring are compared. Power curve monitoring can be applied to evaluate the turbine power output and detect deviations, causing financial loss. In this research, cluster center fuzzy logic, neural network, and -nearest neighbor models...... are built and their performance compared against literature. Recently developed adaptive neuro-fuzzy-interference system models are set up and their performance compared with the other models, using the same data. Literature models often neglect the influence of the ambient temperature and the wind...... direction. The ambient temperature can influence the power output up to 20%. Nearby obstacles can lower the power output for certain wind directions. The approaches proposed in literature and the ANFIS models are compared by using wind speed only and two additional inputs. The comparison is based...

  11. Association rule mining on grid monitoring data to detect error sources

    CERN Document Server

    Maier, G; Kranzlmueller, D; Gaidioz, B

    2010-01-01

    Error handling is a crucial task in an infrastructure as complex as a grid. There are several monitoring tools put in place, which report failing grid jobs including exit codes. However, the exit codes do not always denote the actual fault, which caused the job failure. Human time and knowledge is required to manually trace back errors to the real fault underlying an error. We perform association rule mining on grid job monitoring data to automatically retrieve knowledge about the grid components' behavior by taking dependencies between grid job characteristics into account. Therewith, problematic grid components are located automatically and this information – expressed by association rules – is visualized in a web interface. This work achieves a decrease in time for fault recovery and yields an improvement of a grid's reliability

  12. Improved wavelet analysis in enhancing Electromagnetic Campatibility of underground monitoring system in coal mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ji-ping; MA Feng-ying; WU Dong-xu; LIU Xiao-yang

    2008-01-01

    Underground Electro Magnetic Interference (EMI) has become so serious that there were false alarms in monitoring system, which induced troubles of coal mine safety in production. In order to overcome difficulties caused by the explosion-proof enclosure of the equipments and the limitation of multiple startup and stop in transient process during EMI measurement, a novel technique was proposed to measure underground EMI distribution indirectly and enhance Electromagnetic Campatibility(EMC) of the monitoring system. The wavelet time-frequency analysis was introduced to underground monitoring system. Therefore, the sources, the startup time, duration and waveform of EMI could be ascertained correctly based on running records of underground electric equipments. The electrical fast transient/burst (EFT/B) was studied to verify the validity of wavelet analysis.EMI filter was improved in accordance of the EMI distribution gotten from wavelet analysis.Power port immunity was developed obviously. In addition, the method of setting wavelet thresholds was amended based upon conventional thresholds in the wavelet filter design.Therefore the EFT/B of data port was restrained markedly with the wavelet filtering. Coordinative effect of EMI power and wavelet filter makes false alarms of monitoring system reduce evidently. It is concluded that wavelet analysis and the improved EMI filter have enhanced the EMC of monitoring system obviously.

  13. Some problems of GPS RTK technique application to mining subsidence monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Chao; Zhou Feng; Gao Jingxiang; Wang Jian

    2012-01-01

    Owing to the variability of mine surfaces,it is difficult to obtain the deformation monitoring data of the observation stations by traditional leveling technique.GPS RTK (Real-Time Kinematic) technique was employed to the subsidence observation in this paper,and its main sources of errors including rover pole deflection of the vertical,un-modeled systematic errors (gross error,multipath delay etc.) and the height transformation error,were analyzed systematically.Based on the fundamental theories of spherical fitting and Empirical Mode Decomposition (EMD),the error reduction models were studied exhaustively.And two experiments were done in different environment to test the proposed models.The results show that the proposed methods can achieve a fourth-grade leveling accuracy,with (Root-Mean-Square) RMS in three orthogonal directions (N,E and H) of 4.1,3.3 and 3.1 mm.respectively,by 3-5 min continuous shaking of the observation GPS antenna,fully satisfying for mine surface subsidence deformation monitoring.

  14. Effects of a Potash Mine Roof Fall Observed in Nearby Monitoring Wells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhlman, K. L.

    2012-12-01

    At approximately 5 AM on March 18, 2012, a significant collapse occurred in a potash mine near the Department of Energy's Waste Isolation Pilot Plant (WIPP). The US Geological Survey estimated the event to be magnitude 2.9. Two wells in the WIPP regional groundwater monitoring network experienced oscillatory water level fluctuations greater than 5 feet in response to the event. The changes in water level decayed slowly over several weeks following the event. The potash mine is located in the McNutt Potash zone of the Salado Formation, which is 1000-1400 feet below ground surface (BGS) near the location of the roof fall. The monitoring wells are completed in the semi-confined Culebra Dolomite member of the Rustler Formation, which is 375 feet BGS. The observed response is compared to published well responses to earthquakes and other seismic events. We explore the potential for using the event to characterize aquifer parameters. This research is funded by WIPP programs administered by the Office of Environmental Management (EM) of the U.S Department of Energy. Sandia National Laboratories is a multi-program laboratory managed and operated by Sandia Corporation, a wholly owned subsidiary of Lockheed Martin Corporation, for the U.S. Department of Energy's National Nuclear Security Administration under contract DE-AC04-94AL85000

  15. Spatial unmixing for environmental impact monitoring of mining using UAS and WV-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    Delalieux, S.; Livens, S.; Goossens, M.; Reusen, I.; Tote, C.

    2012-04-01

    The three principal activities of the mineral resources mining industry - mining, mineral processing and metallurgical extraction - all produce waste. The environmental impact of these activities depends on many factors, in particular, the type of mining and the size of the operation. The effects of the mining (extraction) stage tend to be mainly local, associated with surface disturbance, the production of large amounts of solid waste material, and the spread of chemically reactive particulate matter to the atmosphere and hydrosphere. Many studies have shown the potential of remote sensing for environmental impact monitoring, e.g., [1]. However, its applicability has been limited due to the inherent spatial-spectral and temporal trade-off of most sensors. More recently, miniaturization of sensors makes it possible to capture color images from unmanned aerial systems (UAS) with a very high spatial resolution. In addition, the UAS can be deployed in a very flexible manner, allowing high temporal resolution imaging. More detailed spectral information is available from multispectral images, albeit at lower spatial resolution. Combining both types of images using image fusion can help to overcome the spatial-spectral trade-off and provide a new tool for more detailed monitoring of environmental impacts. Within the framework of the ImpactMin project, funded by the Framework Programme 7 of the European Commission, the objective of this study is to implement and apply the spatial unmixing algorithm, as proposed by [2], on images of the 'Vihovici Coal Mine' area, located in the Mostar Valley, Bosnia and Herzegovina. A WorldView2 (WV2) satellite image will be employed, which provides 8-band multispectral data at a spatial resolution of 2m. High spatial resolution images, obtained by a SmartPlanes UAS, will provide RGB data with 0.05m spatial resolution. The spatial unmixing technique is based on the idea that a linear mixing model can be used to perform the downscaling of

  16. Developing an open source-based spatial data infrastructure for integrated monitoring of mining areas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lahn, Florian; Knoth, Christian; Prinz, Torsten; Pebesma, Edzer

    2014-05-01

    In all phases of mining campaigns, comprehensive spatial information is an essential requirement in order to ensure economically efficient but also safe mining activities as well as to reduce environmental impacts. Earth observation data acquired from various sources like remote sensing or ground measurements is important e.g. for the exploration of mineral deposits, the monitoring of mining induced impacts on vegetation or the detection of ground subsidence. The GMES4Mining project aims at exploring new remote sensing techniques and developing analysis methods on various types of sensor data to provide comprehensive spatial information during mining campaigns (BENECKE et al. 2013). One important task in this project is the integration of the data gathered (e.g. hyperspectral images, spaceborne radar data and ground measurements) as well as results of the developed analysis methods within a web-accessible data source based on open source software. The main challenges here are to provide various types and formats of data from different sensors and to enable access to analysis and processing techniques without particular software or licensing requirements for users. Furthermore the high volume of the involved data (especially hyperspectral remote sensing images) makes data transfer a major issue in this use case. To engage these problems a spatial data infrastructure (SDI) including a web portal as user frontend is being developed which allows users to access not only the data but also several analysis methods. The Geoserver software is used for publishing the data, which is then accessed and visualized in a JavaScript-based web portal. In order to perform descriptive statistics and some straightforward image processing techniques on the raster data (e.g. band arithmetic or principal component analysis) the statistics software R is implemented on a server and connected via Rserve. The analysis is controlled and executed directly by the user through the web portal and

  17. Multiple-pass water reuse

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bhattacharyya, D.; Farthing, S.S.; Cheng, C.S.

    1982-02-01

    Low-pressure membranes have definite advantages for the treatment of metal-processing wastewaters and acid mine water. The membrane processes are evaluated in terms of obtaining maximum water recovery (greater than 90%), proper ultrafiltrate quality, multiple-pass water reuse, and concentrate recycle. Various multi-salt solutions containing heavy metals (including cyanide complexes), and acid mine waters have been extensively investigated with a bench-scale unit, and a computer simulation model has been used to scale-up from the laboratory data. Water reuse models are presented for multiple passes. 9 references, 12 figures, 3 tables. (JMT)

  18. Application of rule-based data mining techniques to real time ATLAS Grid job monitoring data

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrens, R; The ATLAS collaboration; Kalinin, S; Maettig, P; Sandhoff, M; dos Santos, T; Volkmer, F

    2012-01-01

    The Job Execution Monitor (JEM) is a job-centric grid job monitoring software developed at the University of Wuppertal and integrated into the pilot-based “PanDA” job brokerage system leveraging physics analysis and Monte Carlo event production for the ATLAS experiment on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). With JEM, job progress and grid worker node health can be supervised in real time by users, site admins and shift personnel. Imminent error conditions can be detected early and countermeasures can be initiated by the Job’s owner immideatly. Grid site admins can access aggregated data of all monitored jobs to infer the site status and to detect job and Grid worker node misbehaviour. Shifters can use the same aggregated data to quickly react to site error conditions and broken production tasks. In this work, the application of novel data-centric rule based methods and data-mining techniques to the real time monitoring data is discussed. The usage of such automatic inference techniques on monitorin...

  19. Application of rule-based data mining techniques to real time ATLAS Grid job monitoring data

    CERN Document Server

    Ahrens, R; The ATLAS collaboration; Kalinin, S; Maettig, P; Sandhoff, M; dos Santos, T; Volkmer, F

    2012-01-01

    The Job Execution Monitor (JEM) is a job-centric grid job monitoring software developed at the University of Wuppertal and integrated into the pilot-based “PanDA” job brokerage system leveraging physics analysis and Monte Carlo event production for the ATLAS experiment on the Worldwide LHC Computing Grid (WLCG). With JEM, job progress and grid worker node health can be supervised in real time by users, site admins and shift personnel. Imminent error conditions can be detected early and countermeasures can be initiated by the Job’s owner immideatly. Grid site admins can access aggregated data of all monitored jobs to infer the site status and to detect job and Grid worker node misbehaviour. Shifters can use the same aggregated data to quickly react to site error conditions and broken production tasks. In this work, the application of novel data-centric rule based methods and data-mining techniques to the real time monitoring data is discussed. The usage of such automatic inference techniques on monitorin...

  20. Applications of state estimation in multi-sensor information fusion for the monitoring of open pit mine slope deformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FU Hua; LIU Yin-ping; XIAO Jian

    2008-01-01

    The traditional open pit mine slope deformation monitoring system can not use the monitoring information coming from many monitoring points at the same time,can only using the monitoring data coming from a key monitoring point, and that is to say it can only handle one-dimensional time series. Given this shortage in the monitoring,the multi-sensor information fusion in the state estimation techniques would be introduced to the slope deformation monitoring system, and by the dynamic characteristics of deformation slope, the open pit slope would be regarded as a dynamic goal, the condition monitoring of which would be regarded as a dynamic target tracking. Distributed Information fusion technology with feedback was used to process the monitoring data and on this basis Klman filtering algorithms was introduced, and the simulation examples was used to prove its effectivenes.

  1. Monitoring ground subsidence due to underground mining using integrated space geodetic techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Linlin Ge; Michael Hsing-Chung Chang; Chris Rizos [University of NSW, NSW (Australia)

    2004-04-01

    Differential radar interferometry (DInSAR) can deliver {approximately} 1cm height change resolution. The combination of regular radar beam scanning and movement of the satellites carrying the radar sensor enables imaging of the mining region in seconds, from which subtle ground movements can be detected. Quantitative validation comparing the DInSAR-derived subsidence profile against ground truth shows a best RMS error of 1.4cm. A methodology has been developed to use GPS (the Global Positioning System) observations to measure atmospheric disturbances so that the DInSAR results can be corrected. A Geographic Information System (GIS) has been used to post-process InSAR results throughout this project. GIS can be used to present the final results in various formats, for example, profiles for validating with ground truth, subsidence contour maps, and three-dimensional views. Professional looking thematic maps can be generated based on these analyses, lining up with the practice within the mining industry to deliver drawings/maps in a GIS format. Multi-temporal DInSAR results can be analysed using GIS, and the final results compiled into an animation, showing the subsidence region moving as time passes. A virtual reality image has been generated in the GIS, combining DEM, aerial photography, and DInSAR subsidence results. The UNSW InSAR-GPS-GIS Integration Software has been developed to support the seamless flow of data among the three technologies, DInSAR, GPS, and GIS. Several radar satellite missions, some especially designed for InSAR, are scheduled for launch in the near future. Therefore radar data of global coverage with weekly or even daily revisit will be made available at multiple radar bands. With atmospheric disturbances properly accounted for, DInSAR will be a cost-effective, reliable, and operational tool that complements traditional ground survey methods.

  2. Mining Technology and Practices of Fully-Mechanized Top Coal Caving Mining Face in Gently Inclined Thick Seam Passing Through Abandoned Gateway%缓倾斜厚煤层综放工作面跨空巷开采技术与实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐佐胜; 张秉钊; 曹旭光; 杨一帆; 张铎; 李鹏

    2014-01-01

    In order to prevent a roof falling in an abandoned gateway,roof falling in a front of the powered support and other accidents oc-curred during a mining process of No.6701 fully-mechanized top coal caving mining face passing through the abandoned gateway in Hong-hui No.6 Mine and to ensure in time support during the mining process of coal mining face,with establishment of powered support mechan-ics model when the coal mining face was in normal pushing forward and the coal mining face was closed to the abandoned gateway,stress status of the powered support was studied when the coal mining face was in normal pushing forward process and was closed to the aban-doned gateway.The study results showed that when the coal mining face was passing through the abandoned gateway,a working resistance of the powered support would be increased and would be 1. 5~ 2. 0 times higher than a normal periodical roof weighting.When an advance a-bandoned gateway support plan combined with wood stacks and mineral waste backfilling applied,deformation of surrounding rock section in the abandoned gateway could be well controlled with slab beams setting on the seam floor,false-inclined mining face,rapid pushing for-ward speed,a controlled top coal caving quantity when the coal mining face passing through the abandoned gateway,powered support for-ward moving with a closed pressure against with the roof and other comprehensive technical measures in order to ensure safety mining of the fully-mechanized top coal caving face passing through the abandoned gateway.%为了防止红会四矿6701综放工作面跨空巷回采过程中出现空巷冒落、架前冒顶等事故,确保工作面回采过程支护及时到位。通过建立工作面正常推进及工作面渐近空巷时的支架力学模型,研究了支架在正常推进过程和渐近空巷时的受力状态。结果表明:工作面过空巷时支架工作阻力将增大,一般为正常周期来压的1.5~2.0倍;通过采用架设

  3. Monitorization of technosols in old mining sites treated with calcareous fillers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martínez-Sanchez, MJose; Perez-Sirvent, Carmen; Garcia-Lorenzo, MariLuz; Gonzalez, Eva; Perez-Espinosa, Victor; Martínez-Lopez, Salvadora; Hernandez, Carmen; Molina, Jose; Martínez, Lucia B.

    2014-05-01

    A large number of soils around the world are contaminated by heavy metals due to mining activities, generating adverse effects on human health and the environment. In response to these negative effects, a variety of technologies to remediate soils affected by heavy metals have been developed. Among them, in situ immobilization by means of soil amendment is a non-intrusive and cost effective alternative, that transforms the highly mobile toxic heavy metals to physico-chemically stable forms, reducing their mobility and environmental risks. Limestone filler is a good selection for such a purpose, because of its low permeability and low solubility, due to its high degree of physical-chemical stability and because is a non-toxic material with a high finely divided calcium carbonate content. In addition, the use of this amendment could revalorize the residues, reducing the costs of the process. The objective of this work was to evaluate the effectiveness of a immobilization technique in sediments contaminated by heavy metals as a results of mining activities. The study area was Portman bay, located close to the mining region of La Unión and subjected to mining from the time of the Roman Empire to 1991. Wastes from mining activities mainly consisted in ore materials (galena, pyrite and sphalerite), phyllosilicates, in addition to siderite, iron oxides and sometimes alteration products such as jarosite, alunite, kaolinite and greenalite. These materials have suffered a concentration process by floatation with sea water and, as a result of the discharge, the whole of the bay has filled up with wastes which also extend into the Mediterranean Sea. Two experimental areas, approximately 1 Ha each one, were selected and technosols were developed as follows: original sediments from the bay, sediments mixed with limestone filler in a 1:1 proportion, gravel to avoid capillary and natural soil to allow plant growth. After the remediation technique was applied, monitorization of

  4. Application and Evaluation of ALOS PALSAR Data for Monitoring of Mining Induced Surface Deformations Using Interferometric Techniques

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walter, Diana; Wegmuller, Urs; Spreckels, Volker; Busch, Wolfgang

    2008-11-01

    The main objective of the projects "Determination of ground motions in mining areas by interferometric analyses of ALOS data" (ALOS ADEN 3576, ESA) and "Monitoring of mining induced surface deformation" (ALOS-RA-094, JAXA) is to evaluate PALSAR data for surface deformation monitoring, using interferometric techniques. We present monitoring results of surface movements for an active hard coal colliery of the German hard coal mining company RAG Deutsche Steinkohle (RAG). Underground mining activities lead to ground movements at the surface with maximum subsidence rates of about 10cm per month for the test site. In these projects the L-band sensor clearly demonstrates the good potential for deformation monitoring in active mining areas, especially in rural areas. In comparison to C-band sensors we clearly observe advantages in resolving the high deformation gradients that are present in this area and we achieve a more complete spatial coverage than with C-band. Extensive validation data based on levelling data and GPS measurements are available within RAǴs GIS based database "GeoMon" and thus enable an adequate analysis of the quality of the interferometric results. Previous analyses confirm the good accuracy of PALSAR data for deformation monitoring in mining areas. Furthermore, we present results of special investigations like precision geocoding of PALSAR data and corner reflector analysis. At present only DInSAR results are obtained due to the currently available number of PALSAR scenes. For the future we plan to also apply Persistent Scatterer Interferometry (PSI) using longer series of PALSAR data.

  5. Thirty-year monitoring of subalpine meadow vegetation following a 1967 trampling experiment at Logan Pass, Glacier National Park, Montana

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ernest Hartley

    2000-01-01

    This long-term study, monitoring visitor impact on subalpine vegetation beginning in 1967, revealed that after 30 years all treatment plots had returned to pre-treatment ratios of vegetation (all species combined), organic litter and bare ground. Higher trampling intensities produced longer term impacts. Vegetation cover recovered in 19 to 25 years when trampled 15...

  6. Muley Pass

    OpenAIRE

    Conkey, Ross

    2013-01-01

    Muley Pass tells the story of a town that's not really a town. It was built as a live-on movie set for a western tv show fifty years ago. But, when the show left forty years ago, Slug McLeod didn't. As de facto caretaker, he has to find a way to save the town from imminent destruction in service to High Speed rail - including stepping out of the 1890s into modern day Hollywood.

  7. Monitoring and inversion on land subsidence over mining area with InSAR technique

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Y.; Zhang, Q.; Zhao, C.; Lu, Zhiming; Ding, X.

    2011-01-01

    The Wulanmulun town, located in Inner Mongolia, is one of the main mining areas of Shendong Company such as Shangwan coal mine and Bulianta coal mine, which has been suffering serious mine collapse with the underground mine withdrawal. We use ALOS/PALSAR data to extract land deformation under these regions, in which Small Baseline Subsets (SBAS) method was applied. Then we compared InSAR results with the underground mining activities, and found high correlations between them. Lastly we applied Distributed Dislocation (Okada) model to invert the mine collapse mechanism. ?? 2011 Copyright Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

  8. New tools to monitor personal exposure to respirable coal mine dust

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Volkwein, J.C.; Thimons, E.D. [NIOSH/Pittsburgh Research Laboratory, Pittsburgh, PA (USA)

    2001-07-01

    The compliance sampling method for coal mine dust in the United States has not changed appreciably in the last 30 years. A call for more frequent sampling with immediately available results is leading to new instruments that may supplement or replace the existing sampler. This report discusses two such instruments that provide immediate results of dust levels. The first, called the Respirable Dust Dosimeter (RDD), is designed to supplement the existing U. S. cyclone compliance sampling method. It uses the pressure drop across a filter to provide an inexpensive screening type of measurement. The RDD has been tested in the laboratory and a limited number of coal mines. Side by side testing has compared the RDD performance with personal coal mine samplers in triplicate area sample measurements. Results show that the differential pressure of specific filtration media can be an effective surrogate for respirable mass. Data show that there is a dependence on coal type and an effect of relative humidity. There also appear to be two distinct responses related to coal type. For specific coals the coefficients of determination, R{sub 2}, are better than 0.9. For general use the detector tube, using laboratory generated calibration curves, can be used to estimate respirable dust levels. However, a calibration to a specific coal type may substantially improve the accuracy. Another sampler in development is called the Personal Dust Monitor (PDM). Designed to give compliance quality accuracy, the PDM uses the frequency change of a vibrating element to measure dust and give immediate feedback of results. Results of laboratory comparison of the prototype PDM sampler to personal gravimetric samplers indicate R{sub 2} values of better than 0.99 for three different coal types. Work is in progress to package the components into a person-wearable unit combined with a cap lamp system with a total projected weight of less than 1.4 kg (3 lbs). 4 refs., 10 figs.

  9. Preliminary results of radiation monitoring near uranium mines in Namibia EJOLT Project (DRAFT version)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chareyron, Bruno

    2012-04-05

    As a part of the EJOLT (Environmental Justice Organizations Liability and Trade) project, EARTHLIFE Namibia and CRIIRAD (Commission for Independent Research and Information about Radiation) have organised visits in areas located in the vicinity of uranium mines in Namibia In the course of an on site mission carried out between September 22 and October 2 2011, scientists from the CRIIRAD laboratory took radiation measurements in situ, and collected 14 samples of top soil, 13 samples of surface sediments of the Swakop, Gawib and Khan rivers, 11 underground water samples in the alluvium of Swakop, and Khan rivers and tap water from Arandis city, and one sample of asparagus. Solid samples have been analysed at the CRIIRAD laboratory in France (measurements performed by HpGe gamma spectrometry) and water samples have been monitored for main chemicals by LDA 26 laboratory in France and for radium 226 and radon 222 at the CRIIRAD laboratory. Some of the preliminary findings are summarised in this report: 1 - The dose rate measured by CRIIRAD on the parking of Roessing mine is about 6 times above natural background value (0.9 {mu}Sv/h compared to 0.15 {mu}Sv/h); 2 - The management of waste rock dumps needs to be improved: Some waste rocks are dumped on the banks of Khan river (at the intersection with Dome Gorge) without fencing and confinement. The radiological impact of this activity has to be studied in detail but preliminary measurements show various impacts on the environment; 3 - The finest fraction of the radioactive tailings dumped on Roessing tailings dam is blown away by the wind and contaminates the surrounding environment; 4 - The high uranium concentration in underground water collected downstream Roessing uranium mine in the Khan river and Swakop river alluvium raises the question of the origin of this uranium

  10. Potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) for monitoring of antimony in samples of vegetation from a mining area

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Toro Gordillo, M.C.; Pinilla Gil, E. [Dept. de Quimica Analitica y Electroquimica, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain); Rodriguez Gonzalez, M.A.; Murciego Murciego, A. [Area de Cristalografia y Mineralogia, Universidad de Extremadura, Badajoz (Spain); Ostapczuk, P. [Forschungszentrum Juelich GmbH (Germany)

    2001-06-01

    A potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) method has been developed and checked for the fast and reliable determination of antimony in vegetation samples of Cistus ladanifer from a mining area in Badajoz, Southwest Spain. The method, modified from previous PSA methods for Sb in environmental samples, is based on dry ashing of the homogenized leaves, dissolution in hydrochloric acid, and PSA analysis on a mercury film plated on to a glassy carbon disk electrode. The influence of experimental variables such as the deposition potential, the deposition time, the signal stability and the calibration parameters, has been investigated. The method has been compared with an independent technique (instrumental neutron activation analysis) by analysis of standards and reference materials and comparison of the results. As a result of automation of the PSA equipment, the proposed method enables unattended analysis of 20 digested samples in a total time of 2 h, thus providing a useful tool for Sb monitoring of a large number of samples. (orig.)

  11. Potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) for monitoring of antimony in samples of vegetation from a mining area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Toro Gordillo, M C; Pinilla Gil, E; Rodríguez González, M A; Murciego Murciego, A; Ostapczuk, P

    2001-06-01

    A potentiometric stripping analysis (PSA) method has been developed and checked for the fast and reliable determination of antimony in vegetation samples of Cistus ladanifer from a mining area in Badajoz, Southwest Spain. The method, modified from previous PSA methods for Sb in environmental samples, is based on dry ashing of the homogenized leaves, dissolution in hydrochloric acid, and PSA analysis on a mercury film plated on to a glassy carbon disk electrode. The influence of experimental variables such as the deposition potential, the deposition time, the signal stability and the calibration parameters, has been investigated. The method has been compared with an independent technique (instrumental neutron activation analysis) by analysis of standards and reference materials and comparison of the results. As a result of automation of the PSA equipment, the proposed method enables unattended analysis of 20 digested samples in a total time of 2 h, thus providing a useful tool for Sb monitoring of a large number of samples.

  12. Application of synthetic aperture radar interferometry for mine subsidence monitoring in the western United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wempen, Jessica Michelle

    Differential Interferometric Synthetic Aperture Radar (DInSAR), a satellite-based remote sensing technique, is a practical method for measuring deformation of the earth's surface. In this investigation, the application of DInSAR for monitoring mine subsidence was evaluated for active underground mining regions in the Green River Basin in southwest Wyoming and the Wasatch Plateau in central Utah. Interferograms were generated using X-band (3-cm wavelength) Synthetic Aperture Radar data from the TerraSAR-X mission and L-band (24-cm wavelength) Synthetic Aperture Radar data from the Advanced Land Observing Satellite. In general, the DInSAR data have high spatial and temporal resolutions and show gradual, progressive subsidence. In the Green River Basin, displacements were estimated using both L-band and X-band data. In the Wasatch Plateau, displacements were only estimated using L-band data; areas affected by subsidence are identifiable in the X-band data, but precisely quantifying subsidence magnitudes is difficult as a result of significant phase noise. In the Green River Basin, the maximum subsidence magnitude was 150 cm over 690 days, estimated using L-band DInSAR. In the Wasatch Plateau, the maximum subsidence magnitude was 180 cm over 414 days. In both regions, as a result of low coherence in the areas with large displacements, the maximum displacements may be underestimated by tens of centimeters. Additionally, relationships between surface deformations measured by DInSAR and mining-induced seismicity (MIS) in the Green River Basin and the Wasatch Plateau were explored. Both regions exhibit large magnitude, relatively rapid subsidence, but the characteristics (rates and magnitudes) of MIS in the Wasatch Plateau study region and the Green River Basin are significantly different. In the Wasatch Plateau study region, surface displacements tend to precede seismicity, event rates tend to be high, and event magnitudes tend to be relatively low. In the Green River

  13. In-situ monitoring and modelling of the rock mass response to mining: Japanese-South African collaborative research

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ogasawara, H

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available of seismic hazard in South African gold mines. Some preliminary results of the activities of in-situ monitoring of the rock mass are documented, which include an attempt to constrain stress and strength on a rupture plane accurately delineated by AE...

  14. Satellite synthetic aperture radar for monitoring of surface deformation in shallow underground mining environments

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Engelbrecht, J

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Surface deformations associated with shallow underground mining activities have significant implications for both the natural- and built environment. Environmental problems include the exacerbation of acid mine drainage and the alteration...

  15. Data Mining of the Thermal Performance of Cool-Pipes in Massive Concrete via In Situ Monitoring

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Zuo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Embedded cool-pipes are very important for massive concrete because their cooling effect can effectively avoid thermal cracks. In this study, a data mining approach to analyzing the thermal performance of cool-pipes via in situ monitoring is proposed. Delicate monitoring program is applied in a high arch dam project that provides a good and mass data source. The factors and relations related to the thermal performance of cool-pipes are obtained in a built theory thermal model. The supporting vector machine (SVM technology is applied to mine the data. The thermal performances of iron pipes and high-density polyethylene (HDPE pipes are compared. The data mining result shows that iron pipe has a better heat removal performance when flow rate is lower than 50 L/min. It has revealed that a turning flow rate exists for iron pipe which is 80 L/min. The prediction and classification results obtained from the data mining model agree well with the monitored data, which illustrates the validness of the approach.

  16. Assessment of the capability of remote sensing and GIS techniques for monitoring reclamation success in coal mine degraded lands.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karan, Shivesh Kishore; Samadder, Sukha Ranjan; Maiti, Subodh Kumar

    2016-11-01

    The objective of the present study is to monitor reclamation activity in mining areas. Monitoring of these reclaimed sites in the vicinity of mining areas and on closed Over Burden (OB) dumps is critical for improving the overall environmental condition, especially in developing countries where area around the mines are densely populated. The present study evaluated the reclamation success in the Block II area of Jharia coal field, India, using Landsat satellite images for the years 2000 and 2015. Four image processing methods (support vector machine, ratio vegetation index, enhanced vegetation index, and normalized difference vegetation index) were used to quantify the change in vegetation cover between the years 2000 and 2015. The study also evaluated the relationship between vegetation health and moisture content of the study area using remote sensing techniques. Statistical linear regression analysis revealed that Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) coupled with Normalized Difference Moisture Index (NDMI) is the best method for vegetation monitoring in the study area when compared to other indices. A strong linear relationship (r(2) > 0.86) was found between NDVI and NDMI. An increase of 21% from 213.88 ha in 2000 to 258.9 ha in 2015 was observed in the vegetation cover of the reclaimed sites for an open cast mine, indicating satisfactory reclamation activity. NDVI results indicated that vegetation health also improved over the years. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  17. Monitoring the Extent of Contamination from Acid Mine Drainage in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (SW Spain Using Hyperspectral Imagery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asuncion Riaza

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Monitoring mine waste from sulfide deposits by hyperspectral remote sensing can be used to predict surface water quality by quantitatively estimating acid drainage and metal contamination on a yearly basis. In addition, analysis of the mineralogy of surface crusts rich in soluble salts can provide a record of annual humidity and temperature. In fact, temporal monitoring of salt efflorescence from mine wastes at a mine site in the Iberian Pyrite Belt (Huelva, Spain has been achieved using hyperspectral airborne Hymap data. Furthermore, climate variability estimates are possible based on oxidation stages derived from well-known sequences of minerals, by tracing sulfide oxidation intensity using archive spectral libraries. Thus, airborne and spaceborne hyperspectral remote sensing data can be used to provide a short-term record of climate change, and represent a useful set of tools for assessing environmental geoindicators in semi-arid areas. Spectral and geomorphological indicators can be monitored on a regular basis through image processing, supported by field and laboratory spectral data. In fact, hyperspectral image analysis is one of the methods selected by the Joint Research Centre of the European Community (Ispra, Italy to study abandoned mine sites, in order to assess the enforcement of the European Mine Waste Directive (2006/21/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council 15 March 2006 on the management of waste from extractive industries (Official Journal of the European Union, 11 April 2006. The pyrite belt in Andalucia has been selected as one of the core mission test sites for the PECOMINES II program (Cracow, November 2005, using imaging spectroscopy; and this technique is expected to be implemented as a monitoring tool by the Environmental Net of Andalucía (REDIAM, Junta de Andalucía, Spain.

  18. Vegetation Growth Monitoring Under Coal Exploitation Stress by Remote Sensing in the Bulianta Coal Mining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Coal exploitation inevitably damages the natural ecological environment through large scale underground exploitation which exhausts the surrounding areas and is the cause of surface subsidence and cracks.These types of damage seriously lower the underground water table.Deterioration of the environment has certainly an impact on and limits growth of vegetation, which is a very important indicator of a healthy ecological system.Dynamically monitoring vegetation growth under coal exploitation stress by remote sensing technology provides advantages such as large scale coverage, high accuracy and abundant information.A scatter plot was built by a TM (Thematic Mapper) infrared and red bands.A detailed analysis of the distributional characteristics of vegetation pixels has been carried out.Results show that vegetation pixels are affected by soil background pixels, while the distribution of soil pixels presents a linear pattern.Soil line equations were obtained mainly by linear regression.A new band, reflecting vegetation growth, has been obtained based on the elimination of the soil background.A grading of vegetation images was extracted by means of a density slice method.Our analysis indicates that before the exploitation of the Bulianta coal mining area, vegetation growth had gradually reduced; especially intermediate growth vegetation had been transformed into low vegetation.It may have been caused by the deterioration of the brittle environment in the western part of the mining area.All the same, after the start of coal production, vegetation growth has gradually improved, probably due to large scale aerial seeding.Remote sensing interpretation results proved to be consistent with the actual situation on the ground.From our research results we can not conclude that coal exploitation stress has no impact on the growth of vegetation.More detailed research on vegetation growth needs to be analyzed.

  19. Implications of mining practices in an open-pit gold mine for monitoring of a comprehensive test-ban treaty

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jarpe, S.P.; Moran, B.; Goldstein, P.; Glenn, L.A.

    1996-01-01

    This report summarizes the results of an experiment at the Gold Quarry pit, operated by the Newmont Gold Company at Carlin, NV The purpose of the experiment was to obtain local and regional seismic data, together with ``ground truth``, from conventional surface blasting activity and to use these data to help determine the effectiveness with which conventional mining blasts can be discriminated from underground nuclear explosions.

  20. Practice of Mining Technique by Passing Through Empty Drifton Fully Mechanized Caving Face in Thick Coal Seam%厚煤层综放工作面过空巷开采技术实践

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫俊杰

    2014-01-01

    In order to effectively solve the problem on safety mining technology of Chian passing through empty drift on fully mechanized caving face faced by HanJawa Coal Mine and prevent the happening of roof fall acci-dent during backstopping,this paper presents a set of technical safety measures which includes setting up a support by building wood crib to laying artifical roof at working face on Anchor Craning Beam in empty drift, using long bar as a base,slanting the working face,decreasing height of backstopping and caving face stand processing sliding advance of the support under pressure in advance,to control the deformation of surrounding rocks in empty drift and ensure the safety backstopping of passing through empty drift on fully mechanized ca-ving face,according to analyze the location of empty drift and the influence to backstopping caving face coming from cross -section factors.%为了有效解决韩家洼煤矿综放工作面过空巷安全开采技术问题,防止回采过程中冒顶事故的发生,通过分析空巷位置和断面因素对回采工作面的影响,提出在空巷中采用锚索梁上架设木垛的支护方式铺设工作面假顶,采取长钢梁垫底、工作面调斜、降低回采高度和工作面支架超前带压擦顶移架等安全技术措施,有效控制空巷围岩变形,确保综放面过空巷安全回采。

  1. A study on monitoring land use/cover change of mining area based on ticket-voting SVM classification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Yi; Yu, Jie; Ying, Min; Shen, Mingge

    2015-08-01

    Based on the development of classification algorithm applied in monitoring spatio-temporal dynamic changes of coal-- mining areas, several improvements were made on feature space and classification model in this paper. There were two innovations in our study: 1) During building the feature spaces, a new index for extracting information about mining area was created, which can classify mining area and settlements efficiently; 2) a special ticket-voting SVM algorithm with wavelet kernel function was proposed, which provides higher classification accuracy than other traditional classifiers via the secondary classification. Here we took the northeast plain of Pei county in Xuzhou city as a studying region, applying the proposed method to implement the classification by using the image of multi-temporal TM/ETM from the year of 1987 to 2013. How to carry on deep analysis combined with various non-spatial data is much more significant. Then we studied the rules of dynamic changes of land use/cover and further analyzed their driving factors by combining RS interpretation with GIS spatial analysis techniques. In this study, image recognition technology was applied to the problems of environmental change in coal mining area. These explanations provide some valuable supports for human to recognize and deal with the conflicts between economic development and environmental protection in coal mining areas.

  2. Metals bioaccumulation and biomarkers responses in the Neotropical freshwater clam Anodontites trapesialis: Implications for monitoring coal mining areas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oliveira, Luciana Fernandes de; Cabral, Millena Terezinha; Vieira, Carlos Eduardo Delfino; Antoniazzi, Matheus Henrique; Risso, Wagner Ezequiel; Martinez, Claudia Bueno Dos Reis

    2016-11-15

    As one of the most impactful industries, coal mining can promote several alterations at surrounding environment. In surface water, elevated concentrations of metals like Mn, Zn, Fe and Al are often observed. Thus, the aim of this study was to investigate the bioaccumulation and the sub-lethal effects of these metals on various organs of the Neotropical bivalve Anodontites trapesialis confined along a stream located near a coal mine, in order to assess a set of biomarkers that could be used for effectively monitoring coal mining areas. Clams were caged, for 96h, at two sites located upstream (Up1 and Up2) and two sites downstream (Dw1 and Dw2) from the mine. Metals bioaccumulation was determined in gills, mantle, digestive gland, muscle and hemolymph and the following biomarkers were measured in A. trapesialis tissues: total antioxidant capacity against peroxyl radicals, metallothionein content, lipid peroxidation (LPO), proteins carbonylation, glutathione S-transferase activity, superoxide dismutase activity and acetylcholinesterase (AChE) activity. The results showed that Al and Fe bioaccumulation in the gills and hemolymph, Al bioaccumulation in the mantle and muscle, increased LPO in the gills (Dw1 and Dw2) and mantle (Dw1), as well as reduced AChE activity in the muscle (Dw1 and Dw2) should be considered effective biomarkers for monitoring coal mining areas. A. trapesialis proved to be an efficient biological model, considering that biomarkers responses were observed in the clams after only 96h of confinement at Dw sites, accordingly this species could be a good candidate for monitoring Neotropical freshwaters.

  3. 基于WSN的矿井环境监测系统%Environmental Monitoring System for Mine Based on WSN

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐海燕; 余成波; 张一萌

    2011-01-01

    针对目前矿井环境监测系统普遍安全性低、实时性差的现状,设计了一套基于无线传感器网络(WSN)的矿井环境监测系统.该系统以CC2430作为无线射频芯片,综合运用井下动态信息采集、处理与传输模式和自组网通讯协议等关键技术,建立了安全可靠的矿井环境监测系统,实现了对矿井中温湿度以及瓦斯浓度等数据的实时监测.经实验验证,该系统能够在无人值守的情况下对环境数据进行实时采集,且数据传输稳定可靠.%For the past few years, the accidents of mines happened frequently. How to improve the security of mine has become an important issue. Aimed at some problems of the environmental monitor system of actual mine, such as the hidden trouble of security and non-real-time transferring data, the paper proposed the environmental monitoring system for mine based on WSN. The system realized the wireless communication by means of CC2430 as radio frequency chip, and the environmental monitoring system for mine integrated lots of key technologies such as the mode of information collection, processing and transmission and communication agreement of self-organization network to measure real-time data like temperature, humidity and gas density. After experimenting the system achieves realtime collection of environmental data, and it improves the security and stabilization of data transmission. So it has better engineering application market value.

  4. 矿井机车监控终端程序%Monitor Terminal of Mine Locomotive

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李会民; 李锡文

    2012-01-01

    Locomotive monitor system is a kind of basic facilities to make sure the safe of transporting and efficient dispatching underground. It is designed to assure the locomotive safe running, enhance the productive efficiency, reduce the transport expense and improve the operating circumstances. This paper presents the monitor system for coal mine based on the RF1D and WIFI technology. In order to meet the functions, install all kinds of sensors in the system. Judge the location or state of the locomotive and enhance the running security of locomotive by monitoring environment with the information merging technology. Build the wireless Ethernet based on WIFI in the coal mine to fulfill the voice and data exchange between the locomotive and the dispatching center so that the dispatcher can dispatch the locomotive efficiently and in time based on the datum from the locomotive. This paper presents the system framework and pays more emphasis on the program design of the terminal monitor and the realization. The system has run in good condition underground and promotes the locomotive safety and dispatching efficiency significantly.%矿井机车监控系统是矿井运输安全监控和高效调度的基础设备之一,是保证机车行车安全、提高生产效率、降低运输成本和改善作业人员环境的基本系统之一.本文提出一种基于RFID技术和WIFI网络的矿井机车监控系统.根据系统功能需求,安装了多种传感器,并对检测的多种传感器信息进行信息融合处理,实时判断机车运行环境和机车状态,提升机车运行的安全性.利用光纤与WIFI组成井下以太网网络,实现机车与调度室之间的语音与数据通讯,调度室根据机车上传的综合信息,实时地、安全高效地调度机车.本文阐述了系统的总体架构,并重点研究了监控终端程序的设计与实现方法.研制的系统已成功应用于工程实际,运行结果表明:系统工作稳定、运行良好,能保证机车安全、高效运行.

  5. Device to monitor the methane content in the free cross-section of mines. Anordnung zur Ueberwachung des CH/sub 4/-Gehalts im freien Querschnitt von Grubenbetrieben

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Marga, W.

    1981-10-08

    The invention is concerned with a device to monitor the methane content in mines. Measuring systems for methane which are coupled with end value controllers are installed at different places in the mine. A device to shut off the electrical installations is operated if a prefixed methane value is exceeded.

  6. Automatic prediction of time to failure of open pit mine slopes based on radar monitoring and inverse velocity method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Osasan K.S.; Stacey T.R

    2014-01-01

    Radar slope monitoring is now widely used across the world, for example, the slope stability radar (SSR) and the movement and surveying radar (MSR) are currently in use in many mines around the world. However, to fully realize the effectiveness of this radar in notifying mine personnel of an impending slope failure, a method that can confidently predict the time of failure is necessary. The model developed in this study is based on the inverse velocity method pioneered by Fukuzono in 1985. The model named the slope failure prediction model (SFPM) was validated with the displacement data from two slope failures monitored with the MSR. The model was found to be very effective in predicting the time to failure while providing adequate evacuation time once the progressive displacement stage is reached.

  7. Underground reconnaissance and environmental monitoring related to geologic CO2 sequestration studies at the DUSEL Facility, Homestake Mine, South Dakota

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobson, Patrick F.; Salve, Rohit

    2009-11-20

    Underground field reconnaissance was carried out in the Deep Underground Science and Engineering Laboratory (DUSEL) to identify potential locations for the planned geologic carbon sequestration experimental facility known as DUSEL CO{sub 2}. In addition, instrumentation for continuous environmental monitoring of temperature, pressure, and relative humidity was installed at various locations within the Homestake mine. The motivation for this work is the need to locate and design the DUSEL CO{sub 2} facility currently being planned to host CO{sub 2} and water flow and reaction experiments in long column pressure vessels over large vertical length scales. Review of existing geologic data and reconnaissance underground revealed numerous potential locations for vertical experimental flow columns, with limitations of existing vertical boreholes arising from limited vertical extent, poor continuity between drifts, and small diameter. Results from environmental monitoring over 46 days reveal spatial and temporal variations related to ventilation, weather, and ongoing dewatering of the mine.

  8. Monitoring the radon flux from gold-mine dumps by gamma-ray mapping

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindsay, R; de Meijer, RJ; Maleka, PP; Newman, RT; Motlhabane, TGK; de Villiers, D

    2004-01-01

    The exhalation of radon from the large mine dumps at the gold mines in South Africa is a potential health hazard. Determination of radon fluxes from these dumpsites is problematic due to the scatter in the data in time and place and the cost involved in getting a representative sample. gamma-ray spe

  9. Final Report for Emergency Stabilization and Rehabilitation Treatment Monitoring of the Keeney Pass, Cow Hollow, Double Mountain, and Farewell Bend Fires

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wirth, Troy A.; Pyke, David A.

    2009-01-01

    A strategy for monitoring post-fire seedings in the sagebrush steppe of the Intermountain West was developed and used to monitor four example fires in the Vale, Oregon District of the Bureau of Land Management (BLM). We began to develop a potential approach by (1) reviewing previous vegetation monitoring manuals produced by the Federal government to determine what techniques and approaches had been approved for use, and (2) monitoring a set of example fire rehabilitation projects from 2006 through 2008. We reviewed seven vegetation monitoring manuals approved for use by the Federal government. From these seven manuals, we derived a set of design elements appropriate for monitoring post-fire rehabilitation and stabilization projects. These design elements consisted of objectives, stratification, control plots, random sampling, data quality, and statistical analysis. Additionally, we chose three quantitative vegetation field procedures that were objective and repeatable to be used in conjunction with these six design elements. During the spring and summer of 2006 to 2008, U.S. Geological Survey personnel monitored vegetation in seven post-fire seeding treatments in four burned areas in the Vale district of the BLM in eastern Oregon. Treatments monitored included a native and non-native seeding in each of the Farewell Bend, Double Mountain, and Keeney Pass fires, and a native seeding at the Cow Hollow fire. All fires occurred in 2005. There generally was a low level of plant establishment for all seedings by 2008. The quantitative objective established by the BLM was to achieve 5 seeded grass plants/m2 by the end of 3 years as a result of the seeding. There was an estimated 3.97 and 6.28 plants/m2 in 2006 and 1.06 and 0.85 plants/m2 seeded perennial grasses in 2008 from the Keeney Pass non-native and native seeding, respectively. The Cow Hollow seeding resulted in the lowest establishment of perennial seeded grasses of the four project areas with 0.69 plants/m2 in

  10. Integrated SAR Technologies for Monitoring the Stability of Mine Sites: Application Using Terrasar-X and RADARSAT-2 Images

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rheault, M.; Bouroubi, Y.; Sarago, V.; Nguyen-Xuan, P. T.; Bugnet, P.; Gosselin, C.; Benoit, M.

    2015-04-01

    The last three decades have seen significant mining development in the northern regions of Canada, where the freeze and thaw cycle of permafrost and corresponding surface subsidence and heave represent a significant challenge at all mining stages, from the design of infrastructures to the monitoring of restored areas. Over the past ten years, SAR interferometry has been widely used to monitor ground surface deformation. With this technique, changes in phase between two SAR acquisitions are used to detect centimetre to millimetre surface displacements over a large area with high spatial resolution. This paper presents the results of a project that aims to develop a SAR solution to provide useful information for environmental monitoring and assessing the stability of mining sites. RADARSAT-2 and TerraSAR-X images acquired during the summer of 2014 were used to measure the displacements of ground surface, infrastructures and stockpiles caused by seasonal changes in permafrost extent. The study area is an open-pit mine located in Nunavut, northern Canada, in the continuous permafrost zone. Results shown that surface displacements calculated from RADARSAT-2 and TerraSAR-X are very similar and in agreement with scientific and terrain knowledge. Significant displacements were observed in loose soil areas while none was detected in bedrock and rock outcrop areas. The areas most affected by active layer changes showed surface subsidence during the thaw settlement period. Thus, InSAR can be used as a tool to guide the siting and design of new infrastructure as well as highlighting risks in areas of unstable terrain.

  11. Introduction to 'MINEO' project of European community and its enlightenments to monitoring and assessment of environmental impacts caused by mining in China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Du Pei-jun; Zheng Hui; Zhang Hai-rong [China University of Mining and Technology, Xuzhou (China). Dept. of RS and GIS

    2008-01-15

    In order to promote environmental damage monitoring and environmental impacts assessment caused by mining in China, the most significant project that uses advanced Earth Observation technology to assess environmental impacts caused by mining, namely MINEO (assessment and monitoring the environmental impact of mining activities in Europe using advanced Earth Observation technology) was introduced and its enlightenment to China were investigated. It was proposed that an integrated technical framework of monitoring environmental impacts caused by mining be designed, quantitative inversion of biological and environmental parameters from RS data be emphasised, hyperspectral Remote Sensing be applied, RS and GIS be integrated with professional models, multi-object applications of RS be implemented, and related standards and specification be drawn up based on typical case study sites. 23 refs., 1 fig.

  12. A Computer-aided Application for Modeling and Monitoring Operational and Maintenance Information in Mining Trucks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nikulin, Christopher; Ulloa, Andres; Carmona, Carlos; Creixell, Werner

    2016-09-01

    The combination of maintenance planning and key performance indicators are relevant to create a more holistic scenario of the mining activities. On the one hand, reliability and maintainability are system characteristics suitable for planning maintenance strategies. On the other hand, key performance indicators are suitable to analyze cost and resource consumption information about mining equipment. Nevertheless in practice, both approaches are modeled separately and frequently by different team-works of a mining company. With this in mind, a computer-aided application was conceived to drive with better efficacy the operational and maintenance strategy in a complex process where the equipment is in continuous movement such as the transportation process in an open-mine pit.

  13. Rapid Passing through Small Kiln and Abandoned Roadway Technology and Application in Coal Laneway in Small Coal Mine%煤巷机掘快速通过小窑空巷技术及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鸿

    2015-01-01

    According to the location and profile of XV3214 small kiln and abandoned roadway in Fenghuangshan Mine, we should make safeguard measures in advance and perform accurate drilling and waterproof. This paper set support design of small kiln and abandoned roadway, wind current adjustment, construction scheme in detail, which has a certain reference significance for quick comprehensive mechanized drivage, and safe and efficient passing through small kiln and abandoned roadway.%根据凤凰山矿XV3214巷小窑空巷的位置及概况,提前制定保障措施并进行精确钻探和防水,详细制定了空巷支护设计、风流调整及施工组织方案,对综合机械化掘进快速、安全、高效通过小窑空巷具有一定的借鉴意义。

  14. Monitoring and analysis of nonlinear dynamic damage of transport roadway supported by composite hard rock materials in Linglong Gold Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The study concentrates mainly on the development of failure process in composite rock mass. By use of acoustic emission(AE), convergence inspection, pressure monitoring, level measurement techniques and the modem signal analysis technology, as wellas scan electron microscopy (SEM) experiment, various aspects of nonlinear dynamic damage of composite rock mass surroundingthe transport roadway in Linglong gold mine are discussed. According to the monitoring results, the stability of the rock mass can besynthetically evaluated, and the intrinsic relation between the damage and the characteristic parameters of acoustic emission can bedetermined. The location of the damage of rock mass can also be detected based on the acoustic emission couple monitoring signals.Finally, the key factors which influence the stability of the transport roadway supported by composite hard rock materials are foundout.

  15. Environmental and human exposure assessment monitoring of communities near an abandoned mercury mine in the Philippines: a toxic legacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maramba, Nelia P C; Reyes, Jose Paciano; Francisco-Rivera, Ana Trinidad; Panganiban, Lynn Crisanta R; Dioquino, Carissa; Dando, Nerissa; Timbang, Rene; Akagi, Hirokatsu; Castillo, Ma Teresa; Quitoriano, Carmela; Afuang, Maredith; Matsuyama, Akito; Eguchi, Tomomi; Fuchigami, Youko

    2006-10-01

    Abandoned mines are an important global concern and continue to pose real or potential threats to human safety and health including environmental damage/s. Very few countries had government mine regulation and reclamation policies until the latter part of the century where legal, financial and technical procedures were required for existing mining operations. Major reasons for mine closure may be mainly due to poor economies of the commodity making mining unprofitable, technical difficulties and national security. If the mine is abandoned, more often than not it is the government that shoulders the burden of clean-up, monitoring and remediation. The topic of abandoned mines is complex because of the associated financial and legal liability implications. Abandoned mercury mines have been identified as one of the major concerns because of their significant long-term environmental problems. Primary mercury production is still ongoing in Spain, Kyrgzystan, China, Algeria, Russia and Slovakia while world production declined substantially in the late 1980s. In the Philippines, the mercury mine located southeast of Manila was in operation from 1955 to 1976, before ceasing operation because of the decline in world market price for the commodity. During this time, annual production of mercury was estimated to be about 140,000 kg of mercury yearly. Approximately 2,000,000 t of mine-waste calcines (retorted ore) were produced during mining and roughly 1,000,000 t of these calcines were dumped into nearby Honda Bay to construct a jetty to facilitate mine operations where about 2000 people reside in the nearby three barangays. In October, 1994 the Department of Health received a request from the Provincial Health Office for technical assistance relative to the investigation of increasing complaints of unusual symptoms (e.g. miscarriages, tooth loss, muscle weakness, paralysis, anemia, tremors, etc.) among residents of three barangays. Initial health reports revealed significant

  16. 金属矿山巷道过泥化闪长岩断层掘进支护工艺%Heading and Support Technology of Metal Mine Roadway Passing Through Argillized Diorite Fault

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘宁

    2014-01-01

    In a construction of a -390m level roadway in Baixiangshan Iron Mine ,the roadway had to pass through a broken zone of an argillized diorite fault with obvious water flow.A pipe shield method in combination with the measures of the surface grouting ,working face grouting and advance small guide tube grouting was applied to the water prevention and control and the fault status was proved with advance borehole drilling.During the construction operation ,the mine roadway behind 5m of the working face was enlarged and supported ,a pipe shield was applied to the drilling site and the pipe shield and geological drilling were conducted with a hydraulic drilling rig.During the drilling opera-tion ,when a water inflow and borehole collapsed occurred ,a grouting operation would be timely con-ducted and a borehole reaming and re-drilling operation would be conducted in order to ensure the borehole with a depth over 5m in the stable rock stratum.When the geological drilling and advance pipe shield construction completed and the construction was at the broken zone ,an advance small guide tube grouting and roof control technology was enhanced in combination with the a shallow borehole blasting and short sectional heading and support.The mine roadway was safety and successfully passed through the broken zone of the fault.%白象山铁矿-390m水平巷道施工中,需穿越泥化闪长岩断层破碎带,导水性明显,采用管棚法通过,地面注浆、工作面注浆与超前小导管注浆相结合的措施防治水,超前钻孔探明断层产状。施工时,先将巷道工作面后方5m范围内刷大并进行支护,用作管棚钻机钻场。然后利用液压钻机施工管棚和地质钻孔。钻探过程中,出现涌水及塌孔时,及时注浆,然后扫孔复钻,保证钻孔进入稳定岩层5m以上。地质钻孔和超前管棚施工完毕,施工至破碎带时,增加超前小导管注浆护顶工艺,与浅孔爆破、短段掘支相结合

  17. Tools and strategies for instrument monitoring, data mining and data access

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Hees, R. M., ,, Dr

    2009-04-01

    The ever growing size of data sets produced by various satellite instruments creates a challenge in data management. Three main tasks were identified: instrument performance monitoring, data mining by users and data deployment. In this presentation, I will discuss the three tasks and our solution. As a practical example to illustrate the problem and make the discussion less abstract, I will use Sciamachy on-board the ESA satellite Envisat. Since the launch of Envisat, in March 2002, Sciamachy has performed nearly a billion science measurements and performed daily calibrations measurements. The total size of the data set (not including reprocessed data) is over 30 TB, distributed over 150,000 files. [Instrument Monitoring] Most instruments produce house-keeping data, which may include time, geo-location, temperature of different parts of the instrument and instrument settings and configuration. In addition, many instruments perform calibration measurements. Instrument performance monitoring requires automated analyzes of critical parameters for events, and the option to off-line inspect the behavior of various parameters in time. We choose to extract the necessary information from the SCIAMACHY data products, and store everything in one file, where we separated house-keeping data from calibration measurements. Due to the large volume and the need to have quick random-access, the Hierarchical Data Format (HDF5) was our obvious choice. The HDF5 format is self describing and designed to organize different types of data in one file. For example, one data set may contain the meta data of the calibration measurements: time, geo-location, instrument settings, quality parameters (temperature of the instrument), while a second large data set contains the actual measurements. The HDF5 high-level packet table API is ideal for tables that only grow (by appending rows), while the HDF5 table API is better suited for tables where rows need to be updated, inserted or replaced. In

  18. Using ambient seismic noise correlations to monitor the temporal stability of mines, tailings dams and nuclear storage facilities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olivier, G.; Brenguier, F.

    2016-12-01

    Cross-correlating ambient seismic noise has become an increasingly popular method to image and monitor the earth at different scales. In many industrial operations, such as underground mines, tailings dams, underground nuclear storage facilities and slopes prone to landslides, subtle deformation and degradation over time can lead to catastrophic failure and even loss of life. Ambient seismic noise correlations has the potential to measure gradual changes of the elastic properties in these environments and ultimately to improve early warning and hazard identification. Unfortunately, the seismic noise generated by industrial activity can be unstable and erratic, which in turn leads to erroneous apparent changes in seismic velocity that can mask real changes in elastic properties. In this presentation, we will show the advances that have been made in the robust construction of the seismic Green's functions and the accurate measurement of seismic velocity changes even in the presence of a non-uniform distribution of seismic sources and changing noise source distributions. This enables us to use ambient seismic noise correlations to monitor small changes in seismic velocity due to subtle changes in the internal structures in industrial applications. Finally, we show numerous examples of our efforts to apply this method as a routine tool to monitor the stability of potentially hazardous industrial areas like underground mines, nuclear storage facilities and tailings dam walls.

  19. Near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) of epilithic material in streams has a potential for monitoring impact from mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, Jan; Nilsson, Mats; Bigler, Christian; Brooks, Stephen J; Renberg, Ingemar

    2007-04-15

    There is an increasing demand for cost-effective methods for environmental monitoring, and here we assess the potential of near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) on epilithic material from streams (material covering submerged stones) as a new method for monitoring the impact of pollution from mining and mining-related industries. NIRS, a routine technique in industry, registers the chemical properties of organic material on a molecular level and can detect minute alterations in the composition of epilithic material. Epilithic samples from 65 stream sites (42 uncontaminated and 23 contaminated) in northern Sweden were analyzed. The NIRS approach was evaluated by comparing it with the results of chemical analyses and diatom analyses of the same samples. Based on Principal Component Analysis, the NIRS data distinguished contaminated from uncontaminated sites and performed slightly betterthan chemical analyses and clearly betterthan diatom analyses. Of the streams designated a priori as contaminated, 74% were identified as contaminated by NIRS, 65% were identified by chemical analysis, and 26% were identified by diatom analysis. Unlike chemical analyses of water samples, NIRS data reflect biological impacts in the streams, and the epilithic material integrates impact over time. Given that, and the simplicity of NIRS-analyses, further studies to assess the use of NIRS of epilithic material as an inexpensive environmental monitoring method are justified.

  20. 煤矿生产安全计算机监控系统设计%Design of Coal Mine Production Safety Computer Monitoring System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶光

    2013-01-01

    The computer monitoring and control system can realize the coal mine production of remote monitoring and running state of dynamic tracking, greatly improve the safety production in coal mine. For this reason, this paper puts forward the coal mine safety production monitoring of the main problems, and discusses the computer monitoring and controlling system of components and application.%计算机监控系统能够实现对煤矿生产的远程监控和运行状态的动态跟踪,很大程度上提高了煤矿生产的安全性。为此,提出了当前我国煤矿安全生产中的主要监控问题,并探讨了计算机监控系统的组成和应用。

  1. Research on Computer Monitoring and Control System in Coal Mine Safety Production%煤矿安全生产计算机监控系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓林

    2013-01-01

    The computer monitoring and control system can realize remote monitoring of the coal mine production and dynamic tracking of running state, greatly improve the safety production in coal mines. For this reason, this paper puts forward the main monitoring problems of the coal mine safety production, and discusses the components and application of the computer monitoring and controlling system.%计算机监控系统能够实现对煤矿生产的远程监控和运行状态的动态跟踪,很大程度上提高了煤矿生产的安全性。文章提出了当前我国煤矿安全生产中的主要监控的问题,并探讨了计算机监控系统的组成和应用。

  2. Automatic slope monitoring systems at As Pontes mine. Sistema de control automatizado de taludes de la mina de As Pontes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Arias, G.; de Pozo, D. (ENDESA, Madrid (Spain))

    1992-04-01

    As Pontes mine belonging to ENDESA is situated in the north-west of the province of La Coruna. The deposit is brown lignite with an average annual production of 12 mt of mineral and 40 million cubic metres of dirt. The surface area is approximately 9 square kilometres and its depth 200 m at level 1. The structure and geology of the deposit means that the layout of the workings (selected according to geotechnical considerations, methods of working and profitability) calls for accurately-designed slopes which require stringent geotechnical monitoring in order to prevent deformation. 8 figs.

  3. Multi-level denoising and enhancement method based on wavelet transform for mine monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yanqin Zhao

    2013-01-01

    Based on low illumination and a large number of mixed noises contained in coal mine,denoising with one method usually cannot achieve good results,So a multi-level image denoising method based on wavelet correlation relevant inter-scale is presented.Firstly,we used directional median filter to effectively reduce impulse noise in the spatial domain,which is the main cause of noise in mine.Secondly,we used a Wiener filtration method to mainly reduce the Gaussian noise,and then finally used a multi-wavelet transform to minimize the remaining noise of low-light images in the transform domain.This multi-level image noise reduction method combines spatial and transform domain denoising to enhance benefits,and effectively reduce impulse noise and Gaussian noise in a coal mine,while retaining good detailed image characteristics of the underground for improving quality of images with mixing noise and effective low-light environment.

  4. D-InSAR 技术在矿区地表沉降监测中的应用%Application of D-InSAR Technique to the Land Subsidence Monitoring in Mining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马海涛; 李辉; 刘勇峰; 王云海

    2011-01-01

    利用欧空局ENVISAT ASAR雷达数据,获取了SAR影像的干涉条纹并结合SRTM DEM数据,分别采用了二路差分和三路差分对武安市下团城村铁矿区域地表沉降进行监测,获得了区域内的最大沉降值和沉降带分布情况,初步探索了无目标、无时域、大范围、高精度地对地表进行沉降监测的方法,得出了影响最终结果精度的主要因素.%The interference stripes of SAR image was obtained by using radar data of the European Space Agency ENVISAT ASAR. Through monitoring land subsidence in Xiatuancheng Iron Mine in Wu'an city by means of two-pass and three-pass differential interferometry, the maximum subsidence value and the distribution of subsidence zone were determined,with combination of the SRTM DEM data. And the technology of large scale and high accurate land snbsidence monitoring without target and time domain was preliminarily explored. Then the main factors of affecting the accuracy of final results were got.

  5. Environmental monitoring at the cryolite mine in Ivittuut, South Greenland, in 2010

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Poul; Asmund, Gert; Riget, Frank Farsø

    This report evaluates the pollution in Arsuk Fjord at Ivittuut in South Greenland based on environmental studies conducted in 2010. The area is polluted by lead and zinc caused by the mining of cryolite that took place from 1854 to 1987. The 2010 study shows that the lead pollution of the fjord...

  6. 76 FR 12648 - Lowering Miners' Exposure to Respirable Coal Mine Dust, Including Continuous Personal Dust Monitors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-08

    .... (2) Electronic mail: zzMSHA-comments@dol.gov . Include ``RIN 1219- AB64'' in the subject line of the message. (3) Facsimile: 202-693-9441. Include ``RIN 1219-AB64'' in the subject line of the message. (4... on appropriate timeframes to switch out sampling devices, Coal Mine Dust Personal Sampler...

  7. Passive Treatment And Monitoring At The Standard Mine Superfund Site, Crested Butte, CO (Presentation)

    Science.gov (United States)

    At the 2008 ASMR conference, data from the initial two months of operation of a U.S. EPA pilot biochemical reactor (BCR) was reported. The BCR was designed and constructed in August, 2007 to treat mining influenced water (MIW) emanating from an adit at a remote site in southern ...

  8. Passive Treatment And Monitoring At The Standard Mine Superfund Site, Crested Butte, CO

    Science.gov (United States)

    At the 2008 ASMR conference, data from the initial two months of operation of a U.S. EPA pilot biochemical reactor (BCR) was reported. The BCR was designed and constructed in August, 2007 to treat mining influenced water (MIW) emanating from an adit at a remote site in southern ...

  9. Ten-Year Monitored Natural Recovery of Lead-Contaminated Mine Tailing in Klity Creek, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Phenrat, Tanapon; Otwong, Ashijya; Chantharit, Aphichart; Lowry, Gregory V.

    2016-01-01

    Background: Klity Creek has become Thailand’s first official remediation ordered by the court in 2013, 15 years after the spill of lead (Pb)-contaminated mine tailing into the creek. The Pollution Control Department (PCD) decided to restore the creek through monitored natural recovery (MNR) since 2006 but has not been successful. Interestingly, the most recent remediation plan in 2015 will still apply MNR to five out of the seven portions of the creek, despite no scientific feasibility evaluation of using MNR to restore the creek. Objective: This study qualitatively and quantitatively evaluated the feasibility of using MNR to clean up the creek in order to protect the Klity children from excess Pb exposure. Methods: We analyzed the physical and chemical transformation of Pb contaminated sediment in the creek and developed a remedial action goal and cleanup level using the Integrated Exposure Uptake Biokinetic model (IEUBK). We empirically determined the natural recovery (NR) potentials and rates using 10 years of data monitoring the water and sediment samples from eight monitoring stations (KC1 to KC8). Results: Klity Creek has NR potential for water except at KC2, which is closest to the spill and the other improperly managed Pb sources. However, the creek has no NR potential for sediment except at the KC8 location (NR rate = 11.1 ± 3.0 × 10–3 month–1) farthest from the spill. Conclusion: The MNR method is not suitable to use as the sole remedial approach for Klity Creek (KC2 to KC7). Although MNR is applicable at KC8, it may require up to 377 ± 76 years to restore the sediment to the background Pb concentration. Citation: Phenrat T, Otwong A, Chantharit A, Lowry GV. 2016. Ten-year monitored natural recovery of lead-contaminated mine tailing in Klity Creek, Kanchanaburi Province, Thailand. Environ Health Perspect 124:1511–1520; http://dx.doi.org/10.1289/EHP215 PMID:27157823

  10. Towards a System Combining SAR and Optical Sentinel Data to Monitor Gold Mining in the Guiana Shield

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahm, Mathieu; Lardeux, Cedric; Frison, Pierre-Louis; Bedeau, Caroline; Crabbe, Sarah; Svensson, Sara; Hardjoprajitno, Mercedes; Moe soe Let, Valentien; Miranda, Pricilla; Paloeng, Consuela; Kasanpawiro, Cindyrella; Smartt, Towana; Totaram, Jasmin; Funi, Claudia; Farias, Patrick; Lauger, Anthony

    2016-08-01

    Included in the Guiana Shield ecosystem which is one of the largest blocks of intact tropical forest worldwide, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana and the Brazilian state of Amapá play a critical role in mitigating climate change, preserving biodiversity and regulating water of the Amazon basin. Under low pressure in the past, degradation of this fragile ecosystem is growing, especially driven by gold mining activities.The REDD+ for the Guiana Shield project developed a method involving each country in data production to monitor the impact of this activity on the forest cover and freshwater at the regional level. This paper presents the data and methodology that were used to quantify the impact on the forest cover. It discusses the results of three reference years (2001, 2008 and 2014) which confirmed the alarming expansion of gold mining in the region. Furthermore, the paper shows the results of innovative methods combining the use of optical and Synthetic Aperture Radar (SAR) satellite data on pilot sites to improve the efficiency of future monitoring.

  11. Stress Monitoring Potential of Ambient Noise Interferometry in Deep Mine Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dales, P.; Audet, P.; Mercier, J. P.; de Beer, W.; Pascu, A.

    2015-12-01

    Understanding the response of the rock mass to mining is of key importance for the planning of mine operations as well as assessing and mitigating the seismic risk. For decades, studies have shown that passive source tomography, also called local earthquake tomography, can provide information on the rock mass response through the estimation of the temporal variation and 3D distribution (spatio-temporal variations) of stress. The spatio-temporal resolution afforded by passive source tomography depends on the seismicity rate and the location of microseismic events. In a mine, seismicity is not stationary, i.e. the locus and rate of seismicity vary with time, thus limiting the spatio-temporal resolution of this technique. Recent developments in the field of ambient noise seismic interferometry (Green's function retrieval from ambient noise) provide hints that continuous recordings of ambient vibrations collected around mines could be used to obtain information on the evolution and 3D distribution of the stress in the rock mass by providing measures of seismic travel times between pairs of sensors. In contrast to passive source tomography that relies on the distribution of seismic events, the resolution afforded by ambient noise interferometry tomography depends solely on the locations of sensors and the frequency content of the ambient noise. We present preliminary results which focus on the temporal stability of the estimated Green's functions, the effect of mine infrastructure on signal quality and preliminary methods to quantify stress changes in the rock mass. In addition, we present the adopted processing scheme built on the Apache Spark engine and demonstrate its effectiveness in parallelizing the computationally intensive cross-correlation routines.

  12. 华亭煤矿冲击地压监测及防治技术%Monitoring and Measuring of Mine Pressure Bumping and Prevention and Control Technology in Huating Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张玉亮; 徐元强; 李俊; 李守峰

    2012-01-01

    为有效防治华亭煤矿冲击地压,系统分析了矿井冲击地压发生的原因,建立了以微震法为主,声发射、电磁辐射及钻屑检测为辅的冲击地压综合监测和预警管理体系。通过优化工作面布置、煤柱宽度、采放比、推进速度,改善了开采技术条件。采用煤层注水、顶底板深孔爆破、煤体卸压爆破及大直径钻孔等措施,实施主动解危。同时加强巷道支护和个体防护等强化防范措施,使冲击地压对矿井生产的影响时间由每年36 d减少到6 d,保证矿井安全生产。%In order effectively prevent and control the mine pressure bumping occurred in Huating Mine, the cause of the mine pressure bumping occurred was systematically analyzed and a mine pressure comprehensive monitoring and measuring and early warning manage-ment system was established mainly with micro seismic method and secondary with the acoustic emission, electromagnetic radiation and drilling cuttings detection. With the optimization of the coal mining face layout, coal pillar width, mining and caving ratio and the coal mining face advancing rate, the coal mining technology condition was improved. With the application of the seam water injection, the deep borehole blasting in the roof and floor, pressure releasing blasting in seam, the large diameter borehole and other measures, the mine pres- sure bumping danger could be actively released. Meanwhile the mine roadway support was enhanced and the personnel protection and other enhanced prevention measures conducted, the time of the mine pressure bumping affected to the mine production was reduced from 36 days to 6 days per year. The mine safety production could be ensured.

  13. Detecting and monitoring of water inrush in tunnels and coal mines using direct current resistivity method:A review

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Shucai Li; Bin Liu; Lichao Nie; Zhengyu Liu; Mingzhen Tian; Shirui Wang; Maoxin Su; Qian Guo

    2015-01-01

    Detecting, real-time monitoring and early warning of underground water-bearing structures are critically important issues in prevention and mitigation of water inrush hazards in underground engineering. Direct current (DC) resistivity method is a widely used method for routine detection, advanced detection and real-time monitoring of water-bearing structures, due to its high sensitivity to groundwater. In this study, the DC resistivity method applied to underground engineering is reviewed and discussed, including the observation mode, multiple inversions, and real-time monitoring. It is shown that a priori information constrained inversion is desirable to reduce the non-uniqueness of inversion, with which the accuracy of detection can be significantly improved. The focused resistivity method is prospective for advanced detection;with this method, the flanking interference can be reduced and the detection dis-tance is increased subsequently. The time-lapse resistivity inversion method is suitable for the regions with continuous conductivity changes, and it can be used to monitor water inrush in those regions. Based on above-mentioned features of various methods in terms of benefits and limitations, we propose a three-dimensional (3D) induced polarization method characterized with multi-electrode array, and introduce it into tunnels and mines combining with real-time monitoring with time-lapse inversion and cross-hole resistivity method. At last, the prospective applications of DC resistivity method are discussed as follows: (1) available advanced detection technology and instrument in tunnel excavated by tunnel boring machine (TBM), (2) high-resolution detection method in holes, (3) four-dimensional (4D) monitoring technology for water inrush sources, and (4) estimation of water volume in water-bearing structures.

  14. Detecting and monitoring of water inrush in tunnels and coal mines using direct current resistivity method: A review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shucai Li

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Detecting, real-time monitoring and early warning of underground water-bearing structures are critically important issues in prevention and mitigation of water inrush hazards in underground engineering. Direct current (DC resistivity method is a widely used method for routine detection, advanced detection and real-time monitoring of water-bearing structures, due to its high sensitivity to groundwater. In this study, the DC resistivity method applied to underground engineering is reviewed and discussed, including the observation mode, multiple inversions, and real-time monitoring. It is shown that a priori information constrained inversion is desirable to reduce the non-uniqueness of inversion, with which the accuracy of detection can be significantly improved. The focused resistivity method is prospective for advanced detection; with this method, the flanking interference can be reduced and the detection distance is increased subsequently. The time-lapse resistivity inversion method is suitable for the regions with continuous conductivity changes, and it can be used to monitor water inrush in those regions. Based on above-mentioned features of various methods in terms of benefits and limitations, we propose a three-dimensional (3D induced polarization method characterized with multi-electrode array, and introduce it into tunnels and mines combining with real-time monitoring with time-lapse inversion and cross-hole resistivity method. At last, the prospective applications of DC resistivity method are discussed as follows: (1 available advanced detection technology and instrument in tunnel excavated by tunnel boring machine (TBM, (2 high-resolution detection method in holes, (3 four-dimensional (4D monitoring technology for water inrush sources, and (4 estimation of water volume in water-bearing structures.

  15. Long-term remote sensing monitoring coal mining activity in resource-based cities: a case study of Qitaihe City, Northeastern China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, L.; Zhou, J. S.

    2017-01-01

    Mining activity has strongly impacted the sustainable socioeconomic development of resource-based cities. The systematic monitoring of the change in mining activity can provide evidence for the transition and future development of resource-based cities. This paper chose Qitaihe, one of the four coal mining cities in northeastern China as the study area. Remote sensing and Geographical Information Systems (GIS) technique, as well as methods on landscape pattern analysis were used to study the evolution of mining activity from 4 different periods over 58 years’ time. Results showed that the area of land used in mining increased by about six times during the study period with cultivated land the main type that contributed to this increase. Mining activity showed an eastward trend, developing from one concentration circle to four circles, from a disordered system to a relatively integrated system. It was also suggested that differentiated policies should be adopted in different mining circles. This study also provides a framework for future city planning and sustainable development.

  16. Environmental nuclear-geophysical ore monitoring in mines of Corporation Kazakhmys PLC.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yefimenko, Sergei; Yefimenko, Olga; Makarov, Dmitriy

    2014-01-01

    An environmental monitoring of ore composition in complex deposits of Kazakhstan (the Zhezkazgan, Kusmuryn, Artemjevsk, Kounrad, Taskura and Zhaman-Aibat deposits) is carried out using EDXRF spectrometers RPP-12, RLP-21 and RLP-21T. The monitoring of ore concentrates in Satpaev, Balkhashsk and Zhezkazgan processing plants and in Zhezkazgan copper smelter continues at present time. The monitoring suggests data on new promising elements and environmental pollutants in ores and new trends in distribution of bound elements in ores.

  17. Railroad Pass Evaluation Nevada-Utah Siting Area.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-11-16

    Pass, Snake & Spring. NV. Curves Mining Claims Moderate Numero GOLDFIELD HILLS Gradual Mines Low to 3 (b) 8 5600 N-S Curves at Moderate Numeroo Big... Numero Milford & Wah Wah. UT. Curves HALFWAY SUMMIT One or Two 8 (a) 2 6250 NE-SW Sharp At Pass, Roae Moderate Severs Pine & Snake. UT. Curves HANCOCK...At Pass, Road Moderate Numero Stone Cabin & Ralston. NV. Curves MELOY SUMMIT One or Lak & M IT 4 (a) 6 6800 E-W Two Sharp At Pass Moderate Numeroe

  18. A novel data-mining platform leveraging social media to monitor outcomes of Januvia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akay, A; Dragomir, A; Erlandsson, Björn-Erik

    2013-01-01

    A novel data-mining method was developed to gauge the experiences of the diabetes mellitus drug Januvia. Self-organizing maps were used to analyze forum posts numerically to infer user opinion of drug Januvia. Graph theory was used to discover influential users. The result is a word list compilation correlating positive and negative word cluster groups and a web of influential users on Januvia. The implications could open new research avenues into rapid data collection, feedback, and analysis that would enable improved solutions for public health.

  19. 煤矿监控数据集成问题的探讨%Probe on Problem of Coal Mine Monitoring Data Integration

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振江; 王勇

    2011-01-01

    Coal mine monitoring data integration is necessary premise of comprehensive utilization of coal mine data. The paper discussed problems of data integration protocol,data integration methods,agreement of data compression and data recover of coal mine monitoring data integration,and proposed corresponding solutions.%监控数据的集成是煤矿进行数据综合利用的必要前提.文章探讨了煤矿监控数据集成中的数据集成协议、数据集成方式、数据压缩和数据弥补等问题,并提出了相应的解决思路.

  20. WORKSHOP ON THE CHARACTERIZATION, MODELING, REMEDIATION AND MONITORING OF MINING-IMPACTED PIT LAKES, SANDS RGENCY CASINO HOTEL, DOWNTOWN RENO, NV. APRIL 4-6, 2000 (PROGRAM FLYER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The purpose of this workshop is to provide a forum for the exchange of scientific infomation on current approaches for assessing the characterization, monitoring, treatment and/or remediation of impacts on aquatic ecosystems including pit lakes from mining-related contamination i...

  1. WORKSHOP ON THE CHARACTERIZATION, MODELING, REMEDIATION AND MONITORING OF MINING-IMPACTED PIT LAKES, SANDS RGENCY CASINO HOTEL, DOWNTOWN RENO, NV. APRIL 4-6, 2000 (PROGRAM FLYER)

    Science.gov (United States)

    The purpose of this workshop is to provide a forum for the exchange of scientific infomation on current approaches for assessing the characterization, monitoring, treatment and/or remediation of impacts on aquatic ecosystems including pit lakes from mining-related contamination i...

  2. Monitoring the impact of simulated deep-sea mining in Central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, R.; Nath, B.N.; Jaisankar, S.

    Monitoring of deep-sea disturbances, natural or man-made, has gained significance due to the associated sediment transport and for the ensuing alterations in environmental conditions. During the Indian Deep-sea Environment Experiment (INDEX...

  3. 基于D-InSAR技术的煤矿沉陷监测%Coal Mine Subsidence Monitoring Based on D-InSAR Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高小六

    2013-01-01

      以D-InSAR技术为研究对象,着眼于煤矿沉陷监测作业。从D-InSAR技术基本工作原理分析、D-InSAR技术在煤矿沉陷监测中的数据获取与处理分析、以及D-InSAR技术在煤矿沉陷监测中的相关问题分析这3个方面入手,围绕基于D-InSAR技术的煤矿沉陷监测这一中心问题展开了较为详细的分析与阐述,并据此论证了D-InSAR技术的引入与应用在进一步提高煤矿沉陷监测工作质量与工作效率的过程中所起到的重要作用与意义。%  Taking the D-InSAR technology as the research object, focuses on mining subsidence monitoring of operations, from the basic principle of D-InSAR technology, data acquisition and processing analysis of D-InSAR technology in coal mine subsidence monitoring and related problems analysis on D-InSAR technology in coal mine subsidence monitoring, based on D-InSAR technology, the center issue of coal mine subsidence monitoring is analyzed and elaborated. And it demonstrates that D-InSAR technology introduction and application play a crucial role and significance in the process of further improving the working quality and working efficiency in coal mine subsidence monitoring.

  4. Mine remote sensing monitoring and assessment characteristics and the index system%矿山遥感监测评估特点与指标体系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周进生; 牛建英; 张旭; 于艳蕊

    2014-01-01

    矿山遥感监测评估是通过遥感监测手段获得对矿产资源开发利用状况、矿山环境和矿产资源规划执行情况的评判,为改进矿产资源规划、整顿矿业秩序、治理矿山环境等提供依据。根据矿山遥感监测实施效果评估的对象多、内容多、应用面广及难度大等特点,提出了矿产资源监管效果、效率和效益3个一级指标,9个二级指标的评估体系,并根据实验性评估结论提出简化指标体系、侧重连续监测区动态评估等建议。%Remote sensing monitoring is used by mine remote sensing monitoring and assessment so as to understand the situation of mineral resources development, mining environment and evaluate mineral resource planning implementation, thus providing the basis for mineral resources planning, mining order rectifying and mine environment governing. The authors analyzed the situation of evaluating the implementation effect of the mine remote sensing monitoring, which is characterized by numerous objects and contents, wide applications and considerable difficulties. In view of such a complex situation, this paper puts forward the index evaluation system for the mineral resources monitoring result, benefit and efficiency, which consists of three primary and nine secondary indexes. According to the experimental evaluation conclusion, some constructive suggestions, such as simplification of the index system and emphasis on the dynamic assessment of continuous monitoring area, have been put forward in this paper.

  5. A novel data-mining approach leveraging social media to monitor consumer opinion of sitagliptin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Akay, Altug; Dragomir, Andrei; Erlandsson, Björn-Erik

    2015-01-01

    A novel data mining method was developed to gauge the experience of the drug Sitagliptin (trade name Januvia) by patients with diabetes mellitus type 2. To this goal, we devised a two-step analysis framework. Initial exploratory analysis using self-organizing maps was performed to determine structures based on user opinions among the forum posts. The results were a compilation of user's clusters and their correlated (positive or negative) opinion of the drug. Subsequent modeling using network analysis methods was used to determine influential users among the forum members. These findings can open new avenues of research into rapid data collection, feedback, and analysis that can enable improved outcomes and solutions for public health and important feedback for the manufacturer.

  6. Research on inversion high mining pressure distribution and technol-ogy of preventing dynamic disasters by MS monitoring in longwall face

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHENG Yun-hai; JIANG Fu-xing; ZOU Yin-hui

    2009-01-01

    Under two rock strata combination conditions, over 10,000 microseismic events were received with microseismic location monitoring technology which possessed by the author's studying team, used in fully mechanized coal face of Huafeng Mine of Xinwen Coal Mining Group Co., Shandong Province. On the basis of the achievement of the loca-tion results, the conclusions were drawn as follows: On the basis of the achievement of 3D strata fracturing situation and the section plane of microseimic events in different areas, the relationship between spatial structure of overlying strata and mining pressure field was found, and we might describe distribution range of dynamic pressure of advance pressure and lateral stress around long face, and range of structure ad-tivation. Quantitative guid-ance to prevent dynamic disasters was provided. The practice in coal mine got a effective results. According to the FLAC3D soft numerical simulation of diameter drilling hole (the diameter is 300 mm) to relieve pressure in specified geological condition in Huafeng Mine, the right distance of two dirlls is 2.5 m and the right depth is 12 m. The research pro-vided basic guiding and practical experiences for the underground microseismic monitoring and disaster prevention in side slopes or tunnels engineering.

  7. 基于遥感技术的矿山环境监测%Mine Environment Monitoring Based on Remote Sensing Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玉凤; 修晓龙; 郭玉斌; 陈哲锋

    2015-01-01

    The maturity and development of remote sensing technology provides a scientific method and means for mine environmental monitoring and management.This paper,by taking the high spatial resolution re-mote sensing data (QuickBird) as the main information source,and through the computer image processing,uses the man-machine interactive interpretation method to extract the mine development area condition,mine geologi-cal hazard and mine environment restoration management,among other remote sensing information.The paper makes the work area mine environment remote sensing monitoring chart,and with the appropriate field verifica-tion,finally achieves the goal of mine environment monitoring.%遥感技术的不断成熟与发展,为矿山环境监测治理提供了科学的方法和手段.本文以高空间分辨率遥感数据(QuickBird影像)为主要信息源,通过计算机图像处理,采用人机交互解译方式,提取矿山开发占地状况、矿山地质灾害及矿山环境恢复治理等遥感信息,制作工作区矿山环境遥感监测图,配合适当的野外验证,最终达到对矿山环境进行监测的目的.

  8. Combination of Conventional and Advanced DInSAR to Monitor Very Fast Mining Subsidence with TerraSAR-X Data: Bytom City (Poland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Przyłucka

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the analysis of TerraSAR-X satellite images combining both conventional and advanced Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR approaches has proven to be effective to detect and monitor fast evolving mining subsidence on urban areas in the Upper Silesian Coal Basin (Poland. This region accounts for almost three million inhabitants where mining subsidence has produced severe damage to urban structures and infrastructures in recent years. Conventional DInSAR approach was used to generate 28 differential interferograms between 5 July 2011 and 21 June 2012 identifying 31 subsidence troughs that account up to 245 mm of displacement in 54 days (equivalent to 1660 mm/year. SqueeSARTM processing yielded a very dense measurement point distribution, failing to detect faster displacements than 330 mm/year, which occur within the subsidence troughs detected with conventional DInSAR. Despite this limitation, this approach was useful to delimit stable areas where mining activities are not conducted and areas affected by residual subsidence surrounding the detected subsidence troughs. These residual subsidence mining areas are located approximately 1 km away from the 31 detected subsidence troughs and account for a subsidence rate greater than 17 mm/year on average. The validation of this methodology has been performed over Bytom City were underground mining activity produced severe damages in August 2011. Conventional DInSAR permitted to successfully map subsidence troughs between July and August 2011 that coincide spatially and temporally with the evolution of underground mining excavations, as well as with the demolition of 28 buildings of Karb district. Additionally, SqueeSARTM displacement estimates were useful to delimit an area of 8.3 km2 of Bytom city that is affected by a residual mining subsidence greater than 5 mm/year and could potentially suffer damages in the midterm. The comparison between geodetic data and

  9. The application of data mining and cloud computing techniques in data-driven models for structural health monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khazaeli, S.; Ravandi, A. G.; Banerji, S.; Bagchi, A.

    2016-04-01

    Recently, data-driven models for Structural Health Monitoring (SHM) have been of great interest among many researchers. In data-driven models, the sensed data are processed to determine the structural performance and evaluate the damages of an instrumented structure without necessitating the mathematical modeling of the structure. A framework of data-driven models for online assessment of the condition of a structure has been developed here. The developed framework is intended for automated evaluation of the monitoring data and structural performance by the Internet technology and resources. The main challenges in developing such framework include: (a) utilizing the sensor measurements to estimate and localize the induced damage in a structure by means of signal processing and data mining techniques, and (b) optimizing the computing and storage resources with the aid of cloud services. The main focus in this paper is to demonstrate the efficiency of the proposed framework for real-time damage detection of a multi-story shear-building structure in two damage scenarios (change in mass and stiffness) in various locations. Several features are extracted from the sensed data by signal processing techniques and statistical methods. Machine learning algorithms are deployed to select damage-sensitive features as well as classifying the data to trace the anomaly in the response of the structure. Here, the cloud computing resources from Amazon Web Services (AWS) have been used to implement the proposed framework.

  10. Conceptual Numerical Modeling of Large-Scale Footwall Behavior at the Kiirunavaara Mine, and Implications for Deformation Monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svartsjaern, M.; Saiang, D.; Nordlund, E.; Eitzenberger, A.

    2016-03-01

    Over the last 30 years, the Kiirunavaara mine has experienced a slow but progressive fracturing and movement in the footwall rock mass, which is directly related to the sublevel caving (SLC) method utilized by Luossavaara-Kiirunavaara Aktiebolag (LKAB). As part of an ongoing work, this paper focuses on describing and explaining a likely evolution path of large-scale fracturing in the Kiirunavaara footwall. The trace of this fracturing was based on a series of damage mapping campaigns carried out over the last 2 years, accompanied by numerical modeling. Data collected from the damage mapping between mine levels 320 and 907 m was used to create a 3D surface representing a conceptual boundary for the extent of the damaged volume. The extent boundary surface was used as the basis for calibrating conceptual numerical models created in UDEC. The mapping data, in combination with the numerical models, indicated a plausible evolution path of the footwall fracturing that was subsequently described. Between levels 320 and 740 m, the extent of fracturing into the footwall appears to be controlled by natural pre-existing discontinuities, while below 740 m, there are indications of a curved shear or step-path failure. The step-path is hypothesized to be activated by rock mass heave into the SLC zone above the current extraction level. Above the 320 m level, the fracturing seems to intersect a subvertical structure that daylights in the old open pit slope. Identification of these probable damage mechanisms was an important step in order to determine the requirements for a monitoring system for tracking footwall damage. This paper describes the background work for the design of the system currently being installed.

  11. Sedentary nestlings of Wood Stork as monitors of mercury contamination in the gold mining region of the Brazilian Pantanal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nassif Del Lama, Silvia, E-mail: dsdl@ufscar.br [Laboratorio Genetica de Aves, Departamento de Genetica e Evolucao, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis km 235, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Dosualdo Rocha, Cristiano [Laboratorio Genetica de Aves, Departamento de Genetica e Evolucao, Universidade Federal de Sao Carlos, Rodovia Washington Luis km 235, 13565-905 Sao Carlos, Sao Paulo (Brazil); Figueiredo Jardim, Wilson [Institute of Chemistry, State University of Campinas, P.O. Box 6154, 13083-970 Sao Paulo (Brazil); Tsai, Jo-Szu; Frederick, Peter Crawford [Department of Wildlife Ecology and Conservation, P.O. Box 110430, University of Florida, Gainesville, FL 32611 (United States)

    2011-11-15

    Sedentary organisms that are at top trophic levels allow inference about the level of local mercury contamination. We evaluated mercury contamination in feather tissue of nestling Wood Storks (Mycteria americana), sampled in different parts of the Brazilian Pantanal that were variably polluted by mercury releases from gold mining activities. Levels of mercury in feathers sampled in seven breeding colonies were determined by atomic absorption spectroscopy, and the mean value of mercury concentration was 0.557 {mu}g/g, dry weight (n=124), range 0.024-4.423 {mu}g/g. From this total sample, 21 feathers that represent 30% of nestlings collected in Porto da Fazenda and Tucum colonies, in the northern region, ranged from 1.0 to 4.43 {mu}g/g, dry weight (median value=1.87 {mu}g/g). We found significant differences among regions (H=57.342; p=0<0.05). Results suggest that permanently flooded areas, or along mainstream rivers are more contaminated by mercury than dry areas, regardless of the distance from the gold mining center, which is located in the northern Pantanal. Highest values found in nestlings feathers were similar to those found in feathers of adult birds and in tissues of adult mammals that are less sedentary and were captured in the same region of Pantanal. These findings indicate that mercury released has been biomagnified and it is present in high concentrations in tissues of top consumers. We suggest a program to monitor mercury availability in this ecosystem using sedentary life forms of top predators like Wood Storks or other piscivorous birds. - Highlights: Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Sedentary stork nestlings were used for the first time to show local mercury contamination of Pantanal. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Differences were found among regions but they are not explained only by distance from the gold mining. Black-Right-Pointing-Pointer Permanently flooded areas and areas along mainstream rivers are more contaminated than dry areas. Black

  12. Study on Micro Seismic Monitoring and Measuring Technology in High Cutting Fully Mechanized Top Coal Caving Mining of Deep Mine%深井大采高综放开采微震监测技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张明; 姜福兴; 任艳芳

    2012-01-01

    Based on the application of the micro seismic monitoring and measuring technology to the coal mining face, the monitoring and measuring technology was applied to the study on the overburden strata movement law and the mining support pressure distribution law of the fully mechanized top coal caving mining face in deep mine with thick overburden. In combination with the monitoring and measuring parameters, the basis could be provided to determine the working resistance of the powered support in the coal mining face. The study results showed that periodical weighting step distance of the coal mining face was 21.6 - 25.4 m and the average was 23.4 m. The weighting step distance of the high level roof was 56. 3 - 62. 3 m, the average was 59. 3 m and the max broken height was 70 m. The thickness of the seam immediate roof and the thickness of the base roof and high level roof were 30, 20 and 20 m individually. The influence scope of the strike abutment pressure in the coal mining face was 42. 7 - 54. 2 m and the average was 48. 6 m. The peak location of the abutment pressure was determined and could provide the theoretical basis to determine the advance support distance during the mining process in the mine. According to the mine strata pressure parameters obtained with the micro seismic monitoring and measuring technology, the rational working resistance of the powered support was determined as 15 000 kN.%基于微震监测技术在回采工作面的应用,采用该技术对厚表土深井综放开采工作面覆岩运动规律和采动支承压力分布规律进行了研究,并结合监测参数为工作面支架工作阻力的确定提供依据。研究结果表明:工作面周期来压步距21.6~25.4m,平均23.4m;高位顶板来压步距56.3—62.3m,平均59.3m,最大断裂高度70m;煤层直接顶厚度、基本顶板和高位顶板厚度分别为30、20、20m;工作面走向支承压力影响范围42.7~54.2m,平均48.6m,

  13. BIOMarkers for occupational diesel exhaust exposure monitoring (BIOMODEM)--a study in underground mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheepers, P T J; Coggon, D; Knudsen, L E; Anzion, R; Autrup, H; Bogovski, S; Bos, R P; Dahmann, D; Farmer, P; Martin, E A; Micka, V; Muzyka, V; Neumann, H G; Poole, J; Schmidt-Ott, A; Seiler, F; Volf, J; Zwirner-Baier, I

    2002-08-05

    Methods for the assessment of exposures to diesel exhaust were evaluated, including various biomarkers of internal exposure and early biological effects. The impact of possible biomarkers of susceptibility was also explored. Underground workers (drivers of diesel-powered excavators) at an oil shale mine in Estonia were compared with surface workers. Personal exposures to particle-associated 1-nitropyrene (NP) were some eight times higher underground than on the surface. Underground miners were also occupationally exposed to benzene and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as indicated by excretion of urinary metabolites of benzene and pyrene. In addition, increased O(6)-alkylguanine DNA adducts were detected in the white blood cells of underground workers, suggesting higher exposure to nitroso-compounds. However, no differences between underground and surface workers were observed in the levels of other bulky DNA adducts determined by 32P-postlabelling, or in DNA damage. The study indicated that smoking, diet and residential indoor air pollution are important non-occupational factors to consider when interpreting biomonitoring results.

  14. Analysis of a Large Rock Slope Failure on the East Wall of the LAB Chrysotile Mine in Canada: LiDAR Monitoring and Displacement Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caudal, Philippe; Grenon, Martin; Turmel, Dominique; Locat, Jacques

    2017-04-01

    A major mining slope failure occurred in July 2012 on the East wall of the LAB Chrysotile mine in Canada. The major consequence of this failure was the loss of the local highway (Road 112), the main economic link between the region and the Northeast USA. This paper is part of a proposed integrated remote sensing-numerical modelling methodology to analyze mining rock slope stability. This paper presents the Light Detection and Ranging (LiDAR) monitoring of this slope failure. The main focus is the investigation of that rock slide using both terrestrial (TLS) and airborne (ALS) LiDAR scanning. Since 2010, four ALS and 14 TLS were performed to characterize and monitor the slide. First, laser scanning was used to investigate the geometry of the slide. The failure zone was 1100 m by 250 m in size with a mobilized volume of 25 hm3. Laser scanning was then used to investigate the rock slide's 3D displacement, thereby enabling a better understanding of the sliding kinematics. The results clearly demonstrate the ability of the proposed approach to monitor and quantify large-scale rock mass failure. The slope was monitored for a period of 5 years, and the total displacement was measured at every survey. The maximum cumulative total displacement reached was 145 m. This paper clearly shows the ability of LiDAR scanning to provide valuable quantitative information on large rock mass failures involving very large displacements.

  15. Using NASA Earth Observing Satellites and Statistical Model Analysis to Monitor Vegetation and Habitat Rehabilitation in Southwest Virginia's Reclaimed Mine Lands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tate, Z.; Dusenge, D.; Elliot, T. S.; Hafashimana, P.; Medley, S.; Porter, R. P.; Rajappan, R.; Rodriguez, P.; Spangler, J.; Swaminathan, R. S.; VanGundy, R. D.

    2014-12-01

    The majority of the population in southwest Virginia depends economically on coal mining. In 2011, coal mining generated $2,000,000 in tax revenue to Wise County alone. However, surface mining completely removes land cover and leaves the land exposed to erosion. The destruction of the forest cover directly impacts local species, as some are displaced and others perish in the mining process. Even though surface mining has a negative impact on the environment, land reclamation efforts are in place to either restore mined areas to their natural vegetated state or to transform these areas for economic purposes. This project aimed to monitor the progress of land reclamation and the effect on the return of local species. By incorporating NASA Earth observations, such as Landsat 8 Operational Land Imager (OLI) and Landsat 5 Thematic Mapper (TM), re-vegetation process in reclamation sites was estimated through a Time series analysis using the Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI). A continuous source of cloud free images was accomplished by utilizing the Spatial and Temporal Adaptive Reflectance Fusion Model (STAR-FM). This model developed synthetic Landsat imagery by integrating the high-frequency temporal information from Terra/Aqua Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and high-resolution spatial information from Landsat sensors In addition, the Maximum Entropy Modeling (MaxENT), an eco-niche model was used to estimate the adaptation of animal species to the newly formed habitats. By combining factors such as land type, precipitation from Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission (TRMM), and slope from Advanced Spaceborne Thermal Emission and Reflection Radiometer (ASTER), the MaxENT model produced a statistical analysis on the probability of species habitat. Altogether, the project compiled the ecological information which can be used to identify suitable habitats for local species in reclaimed mined areas.

  16. Mining seismicity in the Witwatersrand Basin: monitoring, mechanisms and mitigation strategies in perspective

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Riemer, KL

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available to be the need for monitoring. This interest may also have been linked to concerns from a growing band of earthquake scientists abroad, particularly from Europe, with their focus on the crust of Africa as noted in the early writings of Wood (1913b). A... interest. As early as 1905, there was also a keen interest from earth scientists abroad inquiring about the global occurrences of large earthquakes, particularly in Africa (IASPEI, 2002). The Transvaal Meteorological Department undertook a request from...

  17. Safety Hoisting Intelligent Monitoring and Control System of Mine Inclined Roadway%斜巷安全提升智能监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    耿延方; 孟维波

    2014-01-01

    斜巷安全提升智能监控系统主要是为防止矿井斜巷运输中发生跑车、溜车、断绳等事故而研发的。这些事故不仅会对提升系统造成破坏,更会给工人人身安全带来严重威胁。扼要介绍了该智能监控系统工作原理、功能、安装方法、操作要点及主要特点。该智能监控系统适用于煤矿、金属矿山等所有倾角在40°以下的轨道提升运输斜巷,可对矿车运行提供有效保护。%A safety hoisting intelligent monitoring and control system of a mine inclined roadway was mainly researched and developed to prevent a car running,sliding car,rope breaking and other acci dent• Those accidents would not only cause a failure to the hoisting system of the mine,but also would bring serious threats to the personal safety of the miners.The paper briefly introduced the working principle,function,installation method,key points of the operation and main features of the intelligent monitoring and control system.The intelligent monitoring and control system would be suitable ap plied to the coal mine,metal mine and all railway hoisting inclined roadways with a inclination bellow 40° and could provide an effective protection to the mine car operation.

  18. Data mining spacecraft telemetry: towards generic solutions to automatic health monitoring and status characterisation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Royer, P.; De Ridder, J.; Vandenbussche, B.; Regibo, S.; Huygen, R.; De Meester, W.; Evans, D. J.; Martinez, J.; Korte-Stapff, M.

    2016-07-01

    We present the first results of a study aimed at finding new and efficient ways to automatically process spacecraft telemetry for automatic health monitoring. The goal is to reduce the load on the flight control team while extending the "checkability" to the entire telemetry database, and provide efficient, robust and more accurate detection of anomalies in near real time. We present a set of effective methods to (a) detect outliers in the telemetry or in its statistical properties, (b) uncover and visualise special properties of the telemetry and (c) detect new behavior. Our results are structured around two main families of solutions. For parameters visiting a restricted set of signal values, i.e. all status parameters and about one third of all the others, we focus on a transition analysis, exploiting properties of Poincare plots. For parameters with an arbitrarily high number of possible signal values, we describe the statistical properties of the signal via its Kernel Density Estimate. We demonstrate that this allows for a generic and dynamic approach of the soft-limit definition. Thanks to a much more accurate description of the signal and of its time evolution, we are more sensitive and more responsive to outliers than the traditional checks against hard limits. Our methods were validated on two years of Venus Express telemetry. They are generic for assisting in health monitoring of any complex system with large amounts of diagnostic sensor data. Not only spacecraft systems but also present-day astronomical observatories can benefit from them.

  19. TPG bus passes

    CERN Multimedia

    Staff Association

    2013-01-01

    The CERN Staff Association will stop selling TPG bus passes. All active and retired members of the CERN personnel will be able to purchase Unireso bus passes from the CERN Hostel - Building 39 (Meyrin site) from 1st February 2013. For more information: https://cds.cern.ch/journal/CERNBulletin/2013/04/Announcements/1505279?ln=en

  20. Proceedings of the fourth WVU conference on coal mine electrotechnology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aldridge, M.D. (ed.)

    1978-10-01

    Thirty-nine papers from the Proceedings have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. Topics covered included mine power systems, mine instrumentation, mine illumination, mine communications, automatic control and monitoring, regulations, power distribution instrumentation, power distribution equipment, electrical systems for mine trolleys, on-line computer control of mines and monitoring using microprocessors. (LTN)

  1. Complementary Use of Information from Space-Based Dinsar and Field Measuring Systems for Operational Monitoring Purposes in Open Pit Iron Mines of Carajas Mining Complex (brazilian Amazon Region)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paradella, W. R.; Mura, J. C.; Gama, F. F.; Santos, A. R.; Silva, G. G.; Galo, M.; Camargo, P. O.; Silva, A. Q.

    2015-04-01

    Now spanning five simultaneous open-pit operations with exploration carried out through open pit benching, Carajas complex encompasses the world's largest iron reserves. Open pit mining operations in the area can lead to slope instabilities with risks to personnel, equipment and production due to intense excavations in rock products of low geomechanical quality, blasting practices and heavy precipitation. Thus, an effective prediction and management of surface deformations should be a key concern for the mining operations. The ground displacement monitoring techniques in Carajas include surface measurement techniques at discrete points (total station/reflective prisms) and over area using SSR (Slope Stability Radar, a ground based radar). On the other hand, DInSAR techniques are receiving relevance in the mining industry for reasons such a synoptic and continuous coverage without the need for ground instrumentation and a point-to-point good accuracy of measuring displacements (millimeter to centimeter scale) over a dense grid. Using a stack of 33 StripMap TerraSAR-X images acquired over Carajas covering the time span from March 2012 to April 2013, a monitoring approach is discussed based on the complementary use of information provided by DInSAR (DInSAR Time-Series and Persistent Scatterer Interferometry) and surface measuring techniques (total station/prisms, ground-based radar).

  2. Application and Research of Security Data Mining Techingues in Coal Mine Moble Video Monitoring System%煤矿井下移动视频监测系统安全数据挖掘技术应用研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王卫华; 张丽莉

    2013-01-01

    煤炭生产过程中,矿工时刻面临着水、火、粉尘、瓦斯以及顶板等灾害的威胁。设计一种基于Zigbee无线传感器网络和Web Server的煤矿生产综合监控系统,该系统具有井下环境参数监测、人员定位、实时短消息通信和设备远程控制等功能。%In the coal production, Miners always face some threats of disasters, such as mine water, dust, gas and roof etc. A new coal-mine monitoring system based on Zigbee wireless sensor network and Web Server is designed, it has many functions, such as security monitoring for underground coal- mine environments, mineworker positioning, real-time short message and audio communication and remote control.

  3. Application of a moment tensor inversion code developed for mining-induced seismicity to fracture monitoring of civil engineering materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Linzer, Lindsay; Mhamdi, Lassaad; Schumacher, Thomas

    2015-01-01

    A moment tensor inversion (MTI) code originally developed to compute source mechanisms from mining-induced seismicity data is now being used in the laboratory in a civil engineering research environment. Quantitative seismology methods designed for geological environments are being tested with the aim of developing techniques to assess and monitor fracture processes in structural concrete members such as bridge girders. In this paper, we highlight aspects of the MTI_Toolbox programme that make it applicable to performing inversions on acoustic emission (AE) data recorded by networks of uniaxial sensors. The influence of the configuration of a seismic network on the conditioning of the least-squares system and subsequent moment tensor results for a real, 3-D network are compared to a hypothetical 2-D version of the same network. This comparative analysis is undertaken for different cases: for networks consisting entirely of triaxial or uniaxial sensors; for both P and S-waves, and for P-waves only. The aim is to guide the optimal design of sensor configurations where only uniaxial sensors can be installed. Finally, the findings of recent laboratory experiments where the MTI_Toolbox has been applied to a concrete beam test are presented and discussed.

  4. 煤矿数据远程监控的优化研究%Study on Optimization of Data Remote Monitoring of Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    熊晓明

    2013-01-01

    In order to improve the efficiency of coal mine remote monitoring, using the fuzzy clustering C algorithm for to clustering analysis for environmental data in coal mine. This paper firstly gave a brief introduction to mine data remote monitoring system, and then achieved optimizational research on remote monitoring and control from the background data processing, Lastly used the fuzzy clustering C algorithm to cluster complete data set, and the improved fuzzy clustering C algorithm to cluster incomplete data set, the experimental results showed that the obvious clustering effect, high stability, had certain research value.%为了提高煤矿数据远程监控的有效性,采用模糊聚类C算法对煤矿井下环境数据进行聚类分析。文章对现代化的煤矿数据远程监控系统进行了简要说明,从后台数据处理方向来实现远程监控的优化研究,采用模糊聚类C算法和改进的模糊聚类C算法分别对完整的数据样本和不完整的数据样本进行聚类,实验结果表明,聚类效果明显,稳定性高,具有一定的研究价值。

  5. Monitoring of surface deformation in open pit mine using DInSAR time-series: a case study in the N5W iron mine (Carajás, Brazil) using TerraSAR-X data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mura, José C.; Paradella, Waldir R.; Gama, Fabio F.; Santos, Athos R.; Galo, Mauricio; Camargo, Paulo O.; Silva, Arnaldo Q.; Silva, Guilherme G.

    2014-10-01

    We present an investigation of surface deformation using Differential SAR Interferometry (DInSAR) time-series carried out in an active open pit iron mine, the N5W, located in the Carajás Mineral Province (Brazilian Amazon region), using 33 TerraSAR-X (TSX-1) scenes. This mine has presented a historical of instability and surface monitoring measurements over sectors of the mine (pit walls) have been done based on ground based radar. Two complementary approaches were used: the standard DInSAR configuration, as an early warning of the slope instability conditions, and the DInSAR timeseries analysis. In order to decrease the topographic phase error a high resolution DEM was generated based on a stereo GeoEye-1 pair. Despite the fact that a DinSAR contains atmospheric and topographic phase artifacts and noise, it was possible to detect deformation in some interferometric pairs, covering pit benches, road ramps and waste piles. The timeseries analysis was performed using the 31 interferometric pairs, which were selected based on the highest mean coherence of a stack of 107 interferograms, presenting less phase unwrapping errors. The time-series deformation was retrieved by the Least-Squares (LS) solution using an extension of the Singular Value Decomposition (SVD), with a set of additional weighted constrain on the acceleration deformation. The atmospheric phase artifacts were filtered in the space-time domain and the DEM height errors were estimated based on the normal baseline diversity. The DInSAR time-series investigation showed good results for monitoring surface displacement in the N5W mine located in a tropical rainforest environment, providing very useful information about the ground movement for alarm, planning and risk assessment.

  6. Passing and Catching in Rugby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namudu, Mike M.

    This booklet contains the fundamentals for rugby at the primary school level. It deals primarily with passing and catching the ball. It contains instructions on (1) holding the ball for passing, (2) passing the ball to the left--standing, (3) passing the ball to the left--running, (4) making a switch pass, (5) the scrum half's normal pass, (6) the…

  7. Passing and Catching in Rugby.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Namudu, Mike M.

    This booklet contains the fundamentals for rugby at the primary school level. It deals primarily with passing and catching the ball. It contains instructions on (1) holding the ball for passing, (2) passing the ball to the left--standing, (3) passing the ball to the left--running, (4) making a switch pass, (5) the scrum half's normal pass, (6) the…

  8. Research and Design of Monitoring Alarm System for Mine Oxygen Concentration%矿井低氧监测报警系统的研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟文峰

    2013-01-01

    In order to prevent the mine suffocation incidents from happening again, the design of monitoring alarm system for mine oxygen concentration based on microcontroller automotive anti-suffocation. With PIC16 microcontroller as the main control center, the system is capable of real-time monitoring of the concentration of oxygen in mine, and with Zigbee wireless sensor networks technology the monitoring datas to be sent to PIC16 for treatment and to be dynamic displaied on the LED digital tube connected PIC16. When the oxygen concentration is too low, the system automatically starts the alarm device. Through the contrast experiment with oxygen concentration detector, this system can accurately monitoring the oxygen concentration inside the mine, and be able to realize the alarm function. If the mine is to be installed the system, to avoid potential safety problems due to the lack of oxygen in mine.%为了防止矿井窒息事故的发生,设计了一种基于单片机的矿井低氧监测报警系统。该系统以PIC16单片机为主控中心,系统能够实时监测矿井内氧气浓度,并将监测到的数据通过Zigbee无线传感网技术传送到PIC16进行处理,再由连接在PIC16上的LED数码管动态显示氧气浓度。当氧气含量过低时,系统自动启动报警。通过与氧气浓度探测仪对比实验,该系统能够较准确地监测出矿井内氧气浓度,能够实现报警功能。矿井内安装此系统,可随时测量井下氧气浓度,避免矿工因氧气不足带来的安全隐患。

  9. Machine Learning and Data Mining for Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty Monitoring

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Russell, S; Vaidya, S

    2009-07-30

    The Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) is gaining renewed attention in light of growing worldwide interest in mitigating risks of nuclear weapons proliferation and testing. Since the International Monitoring System (IMS) installed the first suite of sensors in the late 1990's, the IMS network has steadily progressed, providing valuable support for event diagnostics. This progress was highlighted at the recent International Scientific Studies (ISS) Conference in Vienna in June 2009, where scientists and domain experts met with policy makers to assess the current status of the CTBT Verification System. A strategic theme within the ISS Conference centered on exploring opportunities for further enhancing the detection and localization accuracy of low magnitude events by drawing upon modern tools and techniques for machine learning and large-scale data analysis. Several promising approaches for data exploitation were presented at the Conference. These are summarized in a companion report. In this paper, we introduce essential concepts in machine learning and assess techniques which could provide both incremental and comprehensive value for event discrimination by increasing the accuracy of the final data product, refining On-Site-Inspection (OSI) conclusions, and potentially reducing the cost of future network operations.

  10. Automatic trace metal monitoring station use for early warning and short term events in polluted rivers: application to streams loaded by mining tailing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lourino-Cabana, Beatriz; Iftekhar, Shafia; Billon, Gabriel; Mikkelsen, Oyvind; Ouddane, Baghdad

    2010-10-06

    An automatic trace metal monitoring station (ATMS) system was implemented to study seasonal and short time changes in selected metal concentrations in two river courses influenced by mine drainage. High frequency monitoring over periods of months revealed daily variations of zinc, iron and copper, and also proved the use of ATMS as an early warning system in such polluted environments. Complementary measurements with ICP-MS (inductively coupled plasma-mass spectrometry), ionic chromatography, and thermodynamic equilibrium calculations also gave some new insights into the geochemical behaviour of the metals in these two rivers.

  11. Detection and Monitoring of Surface Motions in Active Open Pit Iron Mine in the Amazon Region, Using Persistent Scatterer Interferometry with TerraSAR-X Satellite Data

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcos E. Hartwig

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Persistent Scatterer interferometry (PSI represents a powerful tool for the detection and monitoring of tiny surface deformations in vast areas, allowing a better understanding of its triggering mechanisms, planning of mitigation measures, as well as to find better solutions for social and environmental issues. However, there is no record hitherto of its use in active open pit mine in tropical rainforest environment. In this paper we evaluate the use of the PSI technique for the detection and monitoring of mine slope deformations in the N4W iron mine and its surroundings, Pará State, Northern Brazil. The PSI processing was performed with 18 ascending SAR scenes of the TerraSAR-X satellite acquired in the dry season of 2012. The results showed a significant number of widely distributed persistent scatterers. It was observed that most of the study area was stable during the time span. Nevertheless, high deformation rates (312 mm/year were mapped over the mine waste piles, but do not offer any hazard, since they are expected displacements of meters in magnitude for these manmade land structures. Additionally, it was mapped tiny deformation rates in both the east and west flanks of pits 1 and 2. The main underlying reasons can be assigned to the accommodation phenomena of very poor rock masses, to the local geometric variations of the slope cuts, to the geological contact between ironstones and the country rocks, to the exploitation activities, as well as to the major geological structures. This study showed the applicability of the PSI technique using TerraSAR-X scenes in active open pit mines in tropical moist environment. However, the PSI technique is not capable in providing real-time warnings, and faces limitations due to SAR viewing geometry. In this sense, we strongly recommend the use of radar scenes acquired in both ascending and descending orbits, which would also provide a more complete understanding of the deformation patterns.

  12. Pass 390 dollari eest

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Venekeelne internetilehekülg müüb võltsitud Eesti Vabariigi passe. Kodakondsus- ja migratsiooniameti pressiesindaja Heikki Kirotari ja Piirivalveameti reisidokumentide keskuse ülema kapten Veiko Kulla hinnangud

  13. Coal Mine Monitor System Based on Internet of Things%基于物联网的煤矿检测监控系统研究∗

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘卫东; 张薇; 孟晓静

    2015-01-01

    To solve the problem of information silos and passive surveillance of traditional coal mine monitor system,this paper presents an intelligent monitoring system based on internet of things. The system mainly consists of terminals of mining personals,environmental detecting equipments,ZigBee router,ZigBee coordinator,server and monitoring center. The communication protocol uses Zigbee protocol and high-level custom protocol,so that the terminals and nods can com-municate interoperability. The proposed coal mine monitor system based on internet of things has a simple structure,and it is reliable and affording ease of operation. The proposed system can improve the production efficiency and economic benefit of coal mine,and it is also very important for the modernization revamped of coal mine monitor system.%为了解决传统的煤矿监控系统存在的信息孤岛和被动监视的问题,本文提出了一种基于物联网的煤矿检测监控系统。系统主要由基于嵌入式平台的井下人员终端、环境检测设备、ZigBee路由器和ZigBee协调器、服务器、监控中心组成。在通讯协议上,采用Zigbee协议和高层自定义协议,使各组成部分之间实现了互联互通。本系统具有结构简单、工作可靠、便于维护等特点,对于我国矿井安全监测监控系统的现代化改造,提高矿井生产效率和经济效益具有重要意义。

  14. Monitoring of ground surface deformation in mining area with InSAR technique%利用InSAR技术监测矿区地表形变

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱建军; 邢学敏; 胡俊; 李志伟

    2011-01-01

    The application status and research progress of InSAR technique in the monitoring of the ground surface deformation in mining area were introduced. Firstly, the advantages of D-InSAR technique were analyzed by comparing to the traditional surveying methods. Then, the limitations of D-InSAR in the mining deformation detection were described. According to the limitations of the traditional D-InSAR method, the advanced InSAR technique, e.g., small baseline subset (SBAS), permanent scatterer (PS) and corner reflector (CR) techniques were discussed. Using real mining subsidence monitoring as example, the characteristics and application status of those advanced InSAR techniques were studied, and the key problems still existing in the current research were summarized. Finally, it is indicated that the development trend of InSAR monitoring surface deformation in mining area is the combination of advanced InSAR and high-resolution SAR images.%介绍了InSAR技术在矿区地表形变监测中的应用现状及进展,分析了D-InSAR技术相比于传统测量手段的优势,并指出其在矿区地表形变监测中的不足.针对传统D-InSAR技术的局限性,重点讨论了短基线(SBAS)、永久散射体(PS)和角反射器(CR)等高级差分干涉技术,并结合矿区沉降监测实例,分析了其特点与应用现状,讨论了现有研究中仍存在的问题.高级InSAR技术和高分辨率SAR影像的结合将是矿区地表形变监测的发展趋势.

  15. DESIGNING UNDER-THE-MINE MOBILE MONITORING TERMINAL BASED ON ANDROID%基于 Android技术井下移动监测终端的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程强; 张哲; 郭金良

    2013-01-01

    采用Android系统设计一种移动终端,由井下工作人员随身携带,实时采样瓦斯浓度、温度、湿度等信号,成为井下无线传感器网络的移动节点。该系统采用Wifi通信技术构建无线传感网络,实现对井下工作区域的实时监测和智能预警,还可以使用语音功能与地面数据中心沟通,以进一步降低煤矿生产中的安全隐患。%We design a mobile terminal based on Android system, it can be carried by the staff under the mine and is used to timely sample the signals of gas concentration, temperature, humidity and so on, it acts as the mobile node of the wireless sensor network (WSN) under the mine. The system adopts Wifi communication technology to construct the WSN and to realise real-time monitoring and intelligent early warning for mining area, it can also communicate with ground data centre using voice function, these further reduce the safety risks in coal mine production.

  16. 煤矿计算机监视系统中多媒体技术的应用%Application of Multimedia Technology in Computer Monitoring System of Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琴

    2013-01-01

    结合了多媒体计算机的相关技术和现有煤矿工业电视监视系统、煤矿计算机监控系统的状况,初步探讨了多媒体技术在煤矿工业电视监视系统和煤矿计算机监控的用途。%Based on the multimedia computer technology and existing coal mine industrial TV monitoring system, coal computer monitoring system status, and explore the use of multimedia technology in coal mine industrial TV monitoring system and coal computer monitoring.

  17. Social Network Analysis and Mining to Monitor and Identify Problems with Large-Scale Information and Communication Technology Interventions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Silva, Aleksandra do Socorro; de Brito, Silvana Rossy; Vijaykumar, Nandamudi Lankalapalli; da Rocha, Cláudio Alex Jorge; Monteiro, Maurílio de Abreu; Costa, João Crisóstomo Weyl Albuquerque; Francês, Carlos Renato Lisboa

    2016-01-01

    The published literature reveals several arguments concerning the strategic importance of information and communication technology (ICT) interventions for developing countries where the digital divide is a challenge. Large-scale ICT interventions can be an option for countries whose regions, both urban and rural, present a high number of digitally excluded people. Our goal was to monitor and identify problems in interventions aimed at certification for a large number of participants in different geographical regions. Our case study is the training at the Telecentros.BR, a program created in Brazil to install telecenters and certify individuals to use ICT resources. We propose an approach that applies social network analysis and mining techniques to data collected from Telecentros.BR dataset and from the socioeconomics and telecommunications infrastructure indicators of the participants' municipalities. We found that (i) the analysis of interactions in different time periods reflects the objectives of each phase of training, highlighting the increased density in the phase in which participants develop and disseminate their projects; (ii) analysis according to the roles of participants (i.e., tutors or community members) reveals that the interactions were influenced by the center (or region) to which the participant belongs (that is, a community contained mainly members of the same region and always with the presence of tutors, contradicting expectations of the training project, which aimed for intense collaboration of the participants, regardless of the geographic region); (iii) the social network of participants influences the success of the training: that is, given evidence that the degree of the community member is in the highest range, the probability of this individual concluding the training is 0.689; (iv) the North region presented the lowest probability of participant certification, whereas the Northeast, which served municipalities with similar

  18. Integrated satellite data fusion and mining for monitoring lake water quality status of the Albufera de Valencia in Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doña, Carolina; Chang, Ni-Bin; Caselles, Vicente; Sánchez, Juan M; Camacho, Antonio; Delegido, Jesús; Vannah, Benjamin W

    2015-03-15

    Lake eutrophication is a critical issue in the interplay of water supply, environmental management, and ecosystem conservation. Integrated sensing, monitoring, and modeling for a holistic lake water quality assessment with respect to multiple constituents is in acute need. The aim of this paper is to develop an integrated algorithm for data fusion and mining of satellite remote sensing images to generate daily estimates of some water quality parameters of interest, such as chlorophyll a concentrations and water transparency, to be applied for the assessment of the hypertrophic Albufera de Valencia. The Albufera de Valencia is the largest freshwater lake in Spain, which can often present values of chlorophyll a concentration over 200 mg m(-3) and values of transparency (Secchi Disk, SD) as low as 20 cm. Remote sensing data from Moderate Resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) and Landsat Thematic Mapper (TM) and Enhance Thematic Mapper (ETM+) images were fused to carry out an integrative near-real time water quality assessment on a daily basis. Landsat images are useful to study the spatial variability of the water quality parameters, due to its spatial resolution of 30 m, in comparison to the low spatial resolution (250/500 m) of MODIS. While Landsat offers a high spatial resolution, the low temporal resolution of 16 days is a significant drawback to achieve a near real-time monitoring system. This gap may be bridged by using MODIS images that have a high temporal resolution of 1 day, in spite of its low spatial resolution. Synthetic Landsat images were fused for dates with no Landsat overpass over the study area. Finally, with a suite of ground truth data, a few genetic programming (GP) models were derived to estimate the water quality using the fused surface reflectance data as inputs. The GP model for chlorophyll a estimation yielded a R(2) of 0.94, with a Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) = 8 mg m(-3), and the GP model for water transparency estimation using

  19. Entropy Message Passing Algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Ilic, Velimir M; Branimir, Todorovic T

    2009-01-01

    Message passing over factor graph can be considered as generalization of many well known algorithms for efficient marginalization of multivariate function. A specific instance of the algorithm is obtained by choosing an appropriate commutative semiring for the range of the function to be marginalized. Some examples are Viterbi algorithm, obtained on max-product semiring and forward-backward algorithm obtained on sum-product semiring. In this paper, Entropy Message Passing algorithm (EMP) is developed. It operates over entropy semiring, previously introduced in automata theory. It is shown how EMP extends the use of message passing over factor graphs to probabilistic model algorithms such as Expectation Maximization algorithm, gradient methods and computation of model entropy, unifying the work of different authors.

  20. Establishment of SATREPS experimental sites in South African gold mines to monitor phenomena associated with earthquake nucleation and rupture

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Durrheim, RJ

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available nucleation and rupture R.J. Durrheim SATREPS*, CSIR Centre for Mining Innovation, South Africa; and University of the Witwatersrand, South Africa H. Ogasawara SATREPS*, Ritsumeikan University, Japan M. Nakatani SATREPS*, Earthquake Research Institute... J. Wienand KDC Goldfields, South Africa P. Lenegan Goldfields, South Africa A.M. Milev SATREPS*, CSIR Centre for Mining Innovation, South Africa O. Murakami SATREPS*, Ritsumeikan University, Japan N. Yoshimitsu Ritsumeikan University, Japan...

  1. Remediation strategy, capping construction and ongoing monitoring for the mill tailings pond, Ningyo-Toge uranium mine, Japan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hiroshi Saito [Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kamisaibara, Okayama-ken (Japan); Tomihiro Taki [Ningyo-toge Environmental Engineering Center, Japan Atomic Energy Agency, Kamisaibara, Okayama-ken (Japan)

    2013-07-01

    Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine is subject to the environmental remediation. The main purposes are to take measures to ensure the radiation protection from the exposure pathways to humans in future, and to prevent the occurrence of mining pollution. The Yotsugi Mill Tailings Pond in the Ningyo-toge Uranium Mine has deposited mining waste and impounded water as a buffer reservoir before it is transferred to the Water Treatment Facility. It is located at the upstream of the water-source river and as the impact on its environment in case of earthquake is estimated significant, the highest priority has been put to it among mine-related facilities in the Mine. So far, basic concept has been examined and a great number of data has been acquired, and using the data, some remediation activities have already done, including capping construction for the upstream part of the Mill Tailings Pond. The capping is to reduce rainwater penetration to lower the burden of water treatment, and to reduce radon exhalation and dose rates. Only natural materials are used to alleviate the future maintenance. Data, including settlement amount and underground temperature is now being acquired and accumulated to verify the effectiveness of the capping, and used for the future remediation of the Downstream with revision of its specifications if necessary. (authors)

  2. Using temporarily coherent point interferometric synthetic aperture radar for land subsidence monitoring in a mining region of western China

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fan, Hongdong; Xu, Qiang; Hu, Zhongbo; Du, Sen

    2017-04-01

    Yuyang mine is located in the semiarid western region of China where, due to serious land subsidence caused by underground coal exploitation, the local ecological environment has become more fragile. An advanced interferometric synthetic aperture radar (InSAR) technique, temporarily coherent point InSAR, is applied to measure surface movements caused by different mining conditions. Fifteen high-resolution TerraSAR-X images acquired between October 2, 2012, and March 27, 2013, were processed to generate time-series data for ground deformation. The results show that the maximum accumulated values of subsidence and velocity were 86 mm and 162 mm/year, respectively; these measurements were taken above the fully mechanized longwall caving faces. Based on the dynamic land subsidence caused by the exploitation of one working face, the land subsidence range was deduced to have increased 38 m in the mining direction with 11 days' coal extraction. Although some mining faces were ceased in 2009, they could also have contributed to a small residual deformation of overlying strata. Surface subsidence of the backfill mining region was quite small, the maximum only 21 mm, so backfill exploitation is an effective method for reducing the land subsidence while coal is mined.

  3. Design of Mining Workers' Physiological Status Monitoring System%采矿工人生理状况监测系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯禹; 刘军

    2012-01-01

    The mining workers' physiological status monitoring system is a system to realize real-time, continu- ous and long time detection of workers' ECG, respiration, body temperature, blood oxygen saturation and body movement and to realize wireless data transmission. In view of the lack of control of workers' status by traditional mo- nitoring equipments and the high frequency of mine accidents, we have designed a set of wireless, wearable, and non-invasive multi-parameter physiological monitoring system to display the physiological status of mining workers ac- curately, to prevent dangers timely, and to achieve a smooth, safe completion of the mining task.%采矿工人生理状况监测系统是工人矿井下作业时,进行实时、连续、长时间地采集、监测心电、呼吸、体温、血氧饱和度和体动等参数,并实现数据无线传输的系统。针对传统监控设备对工人状态掌控缺乏、矿难频发等重大问题,设计了一款无线、可穿戴、无创、低心理负荷的多参数采矿工人生理状况监测系统,以便准确地了解井下工人生理状况,及时预防危险状况发生,安全顺利地完成采矿工作。

  4. Mine Fan Automatic Monitoring System Based on PID Control%基于PID控制的矿井通风机自动监控系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹帅; 刘混举

    2015-01-01

    矿井通风机是煤矿通风系统的主要设备之一。通过结合煤矿生产的需要和矿井通风机自动监控系统的结构,提出了以PLC和组态技术为核心的控制系统,并引入了二自由度的PID控制理论。通过Matlab/Simulink动态仿真对矿井通风机自动控制系统进行参数控制,可实时监测并读取通风机的风速、风量、电流和温度等参数,且具有良好的预警功能,对企业实时掌握风机工况有重要的意义。%This is one of the main mine fan equipment mine ventilation system. By combining the structure of coal production and mine fan needs automatic monitoring system is proposed in order to configure the PLC and technology as the core control system, and the introduction of two degrees of freedom PID control theory. By Matlab/Simulink Dynamic Simulation for mine fan automatic control system parameter control, real-time monitoring and reading wind speed, wind, current, and temperature and other parameters fan, and has a good early warning capabilities, real-time control of business conditions fan there are important.

  5. 基于无线网络的矿井安全监控系统设计%Design of mine safety monitoring system based on wireless network

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明明; 杨贵洲

    2011-01-01

    In order to improve the coal mine safety, and meet the demand from coal mine underground environment information monitoring and personnel positioning monitoring, an overall structure of the network for underground coal mine monitoring based on Ethernet network and Zigbee wireless sensor network has been developed using an underground communication method with a combination of wireless and wired networks. This study not only establishes an overall framework for the system, but also designs the gathering nodes, data acquisition nodes and personnel positioning nodes. The underground mine safety monitoring system can real-timely collect the underground environmental parameters while the monitoring computer on surface can receive the collected data, and shows miners' real-time positions. The system has a certain reference value and is significance to underground safety assessment.%为了改善煤矿安全生产状况,在煤矿井下环境信息监控和人员定位监控的需求的基础上,采用了一种无线与有线相结合的井下通信方法,构建了一个基于以太网络和Zigbee无线传感器网络的矿井安全监控系统的总体架构.设计最终搭建了系统的总体架构,并设计了汇聚节点,数据采集节点和人员定位节点等主要节点.设计的矿井安全监控系统可以实时采集井下的环境参数,井上的监控微机可以接收采集到的数据,能够实时反映井下人员的位置.该系统对井下安全状况的评估具有一定的参考价值和指导意义.

  6. 内河航道采砂监测系统设计及应用%Design and Application of Sand Mining Monitoring System for Inland River Waterway

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高健; 陈先桥; 初秀民; 尹奇志

    2013-01-01

    Illegal sand mining activities affect the natural variation of river bed in sand mined river,and they are harmful to flood control safety,navigation safety and ecological environment.In this paper,on the basis of analyzing the development and current situation about sand monitoring technology,information technology in Yangtze River waterway,the automatic acquisition and recognition method of sand mining area,sand quantity,sand area waterway structure were studied.And the design scheme of real -time monitoring system for the Yangtze River Waterway sand mining was proposed.The practical application shows that it has achieved good social and economic benefits.Based on the sand mining monitoring system design scheme and the introduced key processing technology,it will improve the service quality and the traffic capacity in inland waterway.%针对违法违规采砂活动严重影响采砂河段河床的自然变化,对采砂河段的防洪安全、船舶航行安全及生态环境等都带来不良影响的问题,在查阅国内外大量文献的基础上,分析了国内外采砂监管技术发展现状、重点河道的采砂监管现状、长江航道监控信息化技术现状,研究了采砂区域、采砂量、采砂区域航道结构信号的自动采集和识别方法,给出了长江航道采砂实时监测系统设计方案.实际应用表明,根据该设计方案和关键处理技术研制的长江航道采砂远程监控系统应用效果良好,取得了较好的社会和经济效益,对提高内河航道服务品质及内河航道通行能力起到了重要的促进作用.

  7. 矿区高精度GPS地表变形监测体系%High-precision surface deformation monitoring system with GPS in mining area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张敬霞; 刘超; 龙仁波; 王建鹏

    2013-01-01

    文章针对地表起伏较大或沟壑林立的矿区,引入GPS技术,建立了GPS矿区地表变形监测体系,结合具体的矿山生产案例,给出了该体系的基本技术流程及其数据结果,验证了采用GPS技术进行矿区高精度地表变形监测的可行性;建立了高精度三维变形监测基准网和区域似大地水准面模型,为矿区高精度正常高的快速获取以及多源变形数据的融合提供了有效的技术支持;以矿区地表变形规律的获取和高精度井塔实时动态监测为应用案例,说明了该监测体系的有效性.%In view of the variability of mine surfaces,global positioning system(GPS) technique is employed to establish the dynamic deformation monitoring system in mine area.Based on the productive practice in two coal mines,basic procedures of the system and detailed process of data processing are presented in order to verify the possibility of high-precision subsidence monitoring in mining area with GPS.High-precision 3D GPS control network and quasi-geoid model are constructed to offer the technical support for quickly acquiring the high-precision normal height and integrating the multi-source deformation data in mining area.Based on the deformation data measured by GPS,the surface movement and displacement law,surface movement parameters and shaft tower deformation can be obtained,showing the effectiveness of the monitoring system.

  8. MiniSipper: A new in situ water sampler for high-resolution, long-duration acid mine drainage monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chapin, Thomas P.; Todd, Andrew S.

    2012-01-01

    Abandoned hard-rock mines can be a significant source of acid mine drainage (AMD) and toxic metal pollution to watersheds. In Colorado, USA, abandoned mines are often located in remote, high elevation areas that are snowbound for 7–8 months of the year. The difficulty in accessing these remote sites, especially during winter, creates challenging water sampling problems and major hydrologic and toxic metal loading events are often under sampled. Currently available automated water samplers are not well suited for sampling remote snowbound areas so the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) has developed a new water sampler, the MiniSipper, to provide long-duration, high-resolution water sampling in remote areas. The MiniSipper is a small, portable sampler that uses gas bubbles to separate up to 250 five milliliter acidified samples in a long tubing coil. The MiniSipper operates for over 8 months unattended in water under snow/ice, reduces field work costs, and greatly increases sampling resolution, especially during inaccessible times. MiniSippers were deployed in support of an U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) project evaluating acid mine drainage inputs from the Pennsylvania Mine to the Snake River watershed in Summit County, CO, USA. MiniSipper metal results agree within 10% of EPA-USGS hand collected grab sample results. Our high-resolution results reveal very strong correlations (R2 > 0.9) between potentially toxic metals (Cd, Cu, and Zn) and specific conductivity at the Pennsylvania Mine site. The large number of samples collected by the MiniSipper over the entire water year provides a detailed look at the effects of major hydrologic events such as snowmelt runoff and rainstorms on metal loading from the Pennsylvania Mine. MiniSipper results will help guide EPA sampling strategy and remediation efforts in the Snake River watershed.

  9. Measuring bioavailable metals using diffusive gradients in thin films (DGT) and transplanted seaweed (Fucus vesiculosus), blue mussels (Mytilus edulis) and sea snails (Littorina saxatilis) suspended from monitoring buoys near a former lead-zinc mine in West Greenland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Søndergaard, Jens; Bach, Lis; Gustavson, Kim

    2014-01-15

    Measuring loads of bioavailable metals is important for environmental assessment near mines and other industrial sources. In this study, a setup of monitoring buoys was tested to assess loads of bioavailable metals near a former Pb-Zn mine in West Greenland using transplanted seaweed, mussels and sea snails. In addition, passive DGT samplers were installed. After a 9-day deployment period, concentrations of especially Pb, Zn and Fe in the species were all markedly elevated at the monitoring sites closest to the mine. Lead concentrations in all three species and the DGT-Pb results showed a significant linear correlation. Zinc and Fe concentrations were less correlated indicating that the mechanisms for Zn and Fe accumulation in the three species are more complex. The results show that there is still a significant load of metals from the mine and that such buoys can be an adequate method to assess present loads of bioavailable metals.

  10. Design of Environment Monitoring System in Mine Refuge Chamber%矿井救生舱环境监测系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万少文; 马凤英

    2015-01-01

    Mining production systems are large and complex,with a lot of disasters. The study and installed mine refuge chamber,which is temporary but safe,aims at providing a place for labors. Although the chamber, which is set up in hand environment of the mine, can ’ t be considered its environment suitable for asylum. It is exceedingly important that starting the monitor when chambers is shut down. It is ensure that the chamber is safety if the problems of environment can be refer in detail. This paper introduces a portable system in environment monitoring of mine refuge chamber. When data is abnormal, the system will show a signal warning of danger. Combined with a zero and linear temperature compensation algorithm,the real-time data will be compensated efficiently. The measurement is likely to be improved obviously as well. The system has convenience and flexibility to meet the requirement of environment of mine refuge chamber.%矿业生产系统庞大而复杂,灾害多发。灾害发生时井下救生舱和避难洞室可为工作人员提供临时的安全庇护场所。灾害发生时救生舱也处于严酷的环境中,因此对舱内环境的监测也相当重要。通过研究,设计了一种便携式井下救生舱环境监测系统,在舱内环境出现异常时能够报警。系统对舱内气体环境实现实时监测,并结合了一种零点及线性温度补偿算法对测量数据进行有效补偿,显著提高了气体浓度的测量精度。该系统轻便而灵活,同时又能满足稳定可靠的要求。

  11. Multi-pass microscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Juffmann, Thomas; Klopfer, Brannon B.; Frankort, Timmo L. I.; Haslinger, Philipp; Kasevich, Mark A.

    2016-09-01

    Microscopy of biological specimens often requires low light levels to avoid damage. This yields images impaired by shot noise. An improved measurement accuracy at the Heisenberg limit can be achieved exploiting quantum correlations. If sample damage is the limiting resource, an equivalent limit can be reached by passing photons through a specimen multiple times sequentially. Here we use self-imaging cavities and employ a temporal post-selection scheme to present full-field multi-pass polarization and transmission micrographs with variance reductions of 4.4+/-0.8 dB (11.6+/-0.8 dB in a lossless setup) and 4.8+/-0.8 dB, respectively, compared with the single-pass shot-noise limit. If the accuracy is limited by the number of detected probe particles, our measurements show a variance reduction of 25.9+/-0.9 dB. The contrast enhancement capabilities in imaging and in diffraction studies are demonstrated with nanostructured samples and with embryonic kidney 293T cells. This approach to Heisenberg-limited microscopy does not rely on quantum state engineering.

  12. Clandestine Message Passing in Virtual Environments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-09-01

    Steganography Hiding messages in pictures, audio , packets Place messages in clothing textures, object files Bots Automate the logic and control of...information will be developed along with proof of concepts. Visual cues, steganography and autonomous bots will be examined. Monitoring techniques are...14. SUBJECT TERMS Message Passing, Virtual Environments, Steganography , Second Life, Internet Terrorism, Honeyworld, Sun MPK20, Clandestine Messages

  13. Measurements for monitoring ground motion resulting from mining operations in the Rhenish brown coal district; Messungen zur Ueberwachung von bergbaubedingten Bodenbewegungen im rheinischen Braunkohlenbergbau

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duddek, H.; Schaefer, W. [Rheinbraun AG, Koeln (Germany)

    1996-12-31

    Coal mining in the Rhenish brown coal district resulted in loose rock slopes with a total height of more than 350 m. Mining operations caused ground motion in open-cast mines, in the slopes and in the region ahead of the face. Internal dumping caused motions of the floors, the overburden tip and te slopes of the open-cast mines. The deformations were measured by different methods, and the evaluations are presented here. As examples, permanent monitoring of a slope using the GEOROBOT measuring system and continuous subsidence measurements in an overburdan dump by means of hydrostatic measuring systems are presented. GEOROBOT ensures quasi-continuous measurements of slope motion with an error of 5-7 mm. Hydrostatic measuring systems on the basis of pressure sensors were developed for measurements of single overburden dump strata and the overburden dump basis during dumping. (orig.) [Deutsch] In den rheinischen Braunkohlentagebauen entstehen Lockergesteinsboeschungen mit Gesamthoehen von mehr als 350 m. Die Gewinnungstaetigkeiten verursachen Entlastungsbewegungen im Tagebau, in den Boeschungen und im Tagebauvorfeld. Die Innenverkippung fuehrt erneut zu Bodenbewegungen im Liegenden, im Kippenkoerper und im Bereich der Tagebauraender. Die auftretenden Deformationen werden mit verschiedenen Messverfahren erfasst, ausgewertet und dargestellt. Beispielhaft werden die permanente Ueberwachung einer Boeschung mittels des automatischen Messsystems GEOROBOT und kontinuierliche Setzungsmessungen in einer Tagebaukippe mit hydrostatischen Messsystemen vorgestellt. Mit GEOROBOT werden quasi kontinuierlich Boeschungsbewegungsmessungen mit einer Genauigkeit von {+-}5 bis 7 mm durchgefuehrt. Auf der Basis von Drucksensoren wurden hydrostatische Messsysteme konzipiert, mit denen Setzungen einzelner Kippscheiben und der Kippenbasis waehrend des Kippenaufbaues ermittelt werden. (orig.)

  14. Gas Explosion in Coal Mine Safety Driving Intelligent Real-time Early Warning and Monitoring System%矿井安全中掘进瓦斯爆炸实时智能预警监控系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡彦青

    2013-01-01

    我国百分之九十以上的煤矿是井工开采,在煤矿开采过程中瓦斯灾害始终是煤矿安全生产最大威胁。为了防止灾害的发生,构建煤矿安全实时智能预警监控系统,实现矿井掘进瓦斯爆炸实时智能预警功能,对于防止重、特大瓦斯灾害事故发生具有重要的意义,并且对于提高煤矿安全监控和管理水平,保障煤矿职工安全及煤炭工业可持续发展具有重要的意义。%More than ninety percent of China's coal mining, the coal mining process in safety production of coal mine gas disaster is always the biggest threat, In order to prevent disasters construction of coal mine safety intelligent real-time early warning and monitoring system, realize the gas explosion of mine heading real-time intelligent early warning function, to prevent heavy, especially big gas accidents, has the vital significance, and for improving coal mine safety monitoring and management level, ensure the work safety of coal mines and coal industry sustainable development has important significance.

  15. The Application of the Electronic Documentary Mining Technology to the E-mail Monitoring System%电子文档挖掘技术在电子邮件监控系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡立军; 张大方

    2003-01-01

    The e-mail monitoring system is a real-time tool to monitor the content of the e-mail. However, the characteristics (the hypersensinve reformation) in the e-mail extracted systematically by the existing e-mail monitoring system can not sometimes perfectly reflect the practical conditions, meanwhile, the monitoring model established by it is not perfect enough. Therefore, it is easy to have wrong alarm or fail to alarm. According to such conditions, this paper discusses in great details the application of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system, and puts forward to adopt the structural model of the electronic documentary mining technology in the e-mail monitoring system.

  16. Comparative Data Mining Analysis for Information Retrieval of MODIS Images: Monitoring Lake Turbidity Changes at Lake Okeechobee, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    In the remote sensing field, a frequently recurring question is: Which computational intelligence or data mining algorithms are most suitable for the retrieval of essential information given that most natural systems exhibit very high non-linearity. Among potential candidates mig...

  17. Monitoring of river water for free cyanide pollution from mining activity in Papua New Guinea and attenuation of cyanide by biochar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sawaraba, Ian; Rao, B K Rajashekhar

    2015-01-01

    Cyanide (CN) pollution was reported in the downstream areas of Watut and Markham Rivers due to effluent discharges from gold mining and processing activities of Hidden Valley mines in Morobe province of Papua New Guinea. We monitored free cyanide levels in Watut and Markham River waters randomly three times in years for 2 years (2012 and 2013). Besides, a short-term static laboratory study was conducted to evaluate the potential of river sediment to attenuate externally added cyanide, with and without the presence of biochar material. Results indicated that the free cyanide content ranged between 0.17 and 1.32 μg L(-1) in the river waters. The free cyanide content were found to be significantly (p cyanide levels in all four monitoring sites across three sampling intervals were lower than 0.20 mg L(-1) which is the maximum contaminant level (MCL) permitted according to US Environmental Protection Agency. Under laboratory conditions, the biochar-impregnated sediment showed ∼3 times more attenuation capacity for cyanide than non-amended sediment, thus indicating possibility of using biochar to cleanse cyanide from spills or other sources of pollution.

  18. 2.5D change detection from satellite imagery to monitor small-scale mining activities in the Democratic Republic of the Congo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kranz, Olaf; Lang, Stefan; Schoepfer, Elisabeth

    2017-09-01

    Mining natural resources serve fundamental societal needs or commercial interests, but it may well turn into a driver of violence and regional instability. In this study, very high resolution (VHR) optical stereo satellite data are analysed to monitor processes and changes in one of the largest artisanal and small-scale mining sites in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, which is among the world's wealthiest countries in exploitable minerals To identify the subtle structural changes, the applied methodological framework employs object-based change detection (OBCD) based on optical VHR data and generated digital surface models (DSM). Results prove the DSM-based change detection approach enhances the assessment gained from sole 2D analyses by providing valuable information about changes in surface structure or volume. Land cover changes as analysed by OBCD reveal an increase in bare soil area by a rate of 47% between April 2010 and September 2010, followed by a significant decrease of 47.5% until March 2015. Beyond that, DSM differencing enabled the characterisation of small-scale features such as pits and excavations. The presented Earth observation (EO)-based monitoring of mineral exploitation aims at a better understanding of the relations between resource extraction and conflict, and thus providing relevant information for potential mitigation strategies and peace building.

  19. Study on the Drainage Monitoring System in Coal Mines%煤矿井下排水监控系统的研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申向东

    2012-01-01

    针对煤矿井下排水的现状,提出了一种以可编程控制器为核心的排水监控系统的设计方案,实现了相关数据的实时采集和排水系统的在线监控,同时可对液位、水压等数据进行实时记录、图表显示和历史查询,对煤矿安全生产起到了一定的推动作用。%Concerning the drainage situation in coal mines,the paper proposes a design of drainage monitoring system based on programmable controllers,realizing real-time acquisition of data and online monitoring of the drainage system,and at the same time enabling real-time recording,graphic display and historical inquiry of the liquid level and water pressure,which may promote the safe production in coal mines.

  20. Hardware Design of Coal Mine Gas Wireless Monitoring Node%煤矿瓦斯无线监测节点硬件设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈炜

    2013-01-01

    为提高煤矿安全性,通过深入研究ZigBee技术及其在煤矿井下的应用,提出了一种基于ZigBee技术的煤矿瓦斯监测无线传感器节点的设计方案。该传感器节点主要由微处理器模块MSP430F149、无线通信模块CC2420及其外围电路构成。该方案具有低功耗、低成本的特点。经实验验证节点实现了监测功能,能够在瓦斯浓度大于1%时报警。%In order to improve the security of coal mine,a wireless sensor node design for methane monitoring is put forward based on ZigBee,after in-depth researching of ZigBee technology and its application in the coal mine. The node mainly consists of MCU module MSP430F149 and wireless communication module CC2420. The scheme has low power consumption and low cost characteristics. The experiment verified that the monitoring function is realized. The node would alarm when the concentration of methane was greater than 1%.

  1. Fibre optic sensors for mine hazard detection

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Liu, T; Wang, C; Wei, Y; Zhao, Y; Shang, Y; Wang, Z [Laser Institute of Shandong Academy of Science (China); Huo, D [Shandong Micro-Sensor Photonics Limited, 19 Keyuan Road, Jinan, Shandong province, 250014 (China); Ning, Y, E-mail: tongyuliu@hotmail.co [Intelligent Sensor Systems Limited, Rockley Manor, Rockley, Wiltshire (United Kingdom)

    2009-07-01

    We report the development of a comprehensive safety monitoring solution for coal mines. A number of fibre optic sensors have been developed and deployed for safety monitoring of mine roof integrity and hazardous gases. The FOS-based mine hazard detection system offers unique advantages of intrinsic safety, multi-location and multi-parameter monitoring. They can be potentially used to build expert systems for mine hazard early detection and prevention.

  2. 阿拉山口口岸灭鼠效果回顾性分析及鼠情反弹监控的探讨%Retrospective analysis of the rodenticidal effect and rodent infestation monitoring at Alataw Pass

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹小平; 叶志辉; 彭定希; 骄娃; 刘文平; 阿布都·扎伊尔

    2011-01-01

    , since the opening of Alataw Pass with a decrease to 3.0% from 6.0% in the rural controlled area.Meanwhile, the Rhombomys opimus density decreased to 2.3/hm2 from 9.0/hm2 in positive field spots.Conclusion The current rodent control strategies have effectively eliminated the potential risk of human plague at Alataw Pass.The establishment of a quintuple anti-rodent guard system is discussed for sustainable rodent control and monitoring for potential infestations.

  3. Passing the baton

    CERN Multimedia

    2011-01-01

    It was not only in South Korea that batons were being passed last week. While the cream of the world’s athletes were competing in the World Athletics Championships, the cream of the world’s accelerator scientists were on their way to San Sebastian in Spain for the International Particle Accelerator Conference.  One of them was carrying a rather special baton for a handover of a different kind.   When Fermilab’s Vladimir Shiltsev handed the high-energy frontier baton to CERN’s Mike Lamont on Tuesday, it marked the end of an era: a time to look back on the phenomenal contribution the Tevatron has made to particle physics over its 25-year operational lifetime, and the great contribution Fermilab has made over that period to global collaboration in particle physics. There’s always a lot of emotion involved in passing the baton. In athletics, it’s the triumph of wining or the heartbreak of losing. But for this special baton, the...

  4. TRT Barrel milestones passed

    CERN Multimedia

    Ogren, H

    2004-01-01

    The barrel TRT detector passed three significant milestones this spring. The Barrel Support Structure (BSS) was completed and moved to the SR-1 building on February 24th. On March 12th the first module passed the quality assurance testing in Building 154 and was transported to the assembly site in the SR-1 building for barrel assembly. Then on April 21st the final production module that had been scanned at Hampton University was shipped to CERN. TRT Barrel Module Production The production of the full complement of barrel modules (96 plus 9 total spares) is now complete. This has been a five-year effort by Duke University, Hampton University, and Indiana University. Actual construction of the modules in the United States was completed in the first part of 2004. The production crews at each of the sites in the United States have now completed their missions. They are shown in the following pictures. Duke University: Production crew with the final completed module. Indiana University: Module producti...

  5. Nuclear expert web mining system: monitoring and analysis of nuclear acceptance by information retrieval and opinion extraction on the Internet

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reis, Thiago; Barroso, Antonio C.O.; Imakuma, Kengo, E-mail: thiagoreis@usp.b, E-mail: barroso@ipen.b, E-mail: kimakuma@ipen.b [Instituto de Pesquisas Energeticas e Nucleares (IPEN/CNEN-SP), Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil)

    2011-07-01

    This paper presents a research initiative that aims to collect nuclear related information and to analyze opinionated texts by mining the hypertextual data environment and social networks web sites on the Internet. Different from previous approaches that employed traditional statistical techniques, it is being proposed a novel Web Mining approach, built using the concept of Expert Systems, for massive and autonomous data collection and analysis. The initial step has been accomplished, resulting in a framework design that is able to gradually encompass a set of evolving techniques, methods, and theories in such a way that this work will build a platform upon which new researches can be performed more easily by just substituting modules or plugging in new ones. Upon completion it is expected that this research will contribute to the understanding of the population views on nuclear technology and its acceptance. (author)

  6. Seismic risk mitigation in deep level South African mines by state of the art underground monitoring - Joint South African and Japanese study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Milev, A.; Durrheim, R.; Nakatani, M.; Yabe, Y.; Ogasawara, H.; Naoi, M.

    2012-04-01

    Two underground sites in a deep level gold mine in South Africa were instrumented by the Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR) with tilt meters and seismic monitors. One of the sites was also instrumented by JApanese-German Underground Acoustic emission Research in South Africa (JAGUARS) with a small network, approximately 40m span, of eight Acoustic Emission (AE) sensors. The rate of tilt, defined as quasi-static deformations, and the seismic ground motion, defined as dynamic deformations, were analysed in order to understand the rock mass behavior around deep level mining. In addition the high frequency AE events recorded at hypocentral distances of about 50m located at 3300m below the surface were analysed. A good correspondence between the dynamic and quasi-static deformations was found. The rate of coseismic and aseismic tilt, as well as seismicity recorded by the mine seismic network, are approximately constant until the daily blasting time, which takes place from about 19:30 until shortly before 21:00. During the blasting time and the subsequent seismic events the coseismic and aseismic tilt shows a rapid increase.Much of the quasi-static deformation, however, occurs independently of the seismic events and was described as 'slow' or aseismic events. During the monitoring period a seismic event with MW 2.2 occurred in the vicinity of the instrumented site. This event was recorded by both the CSIR integrated monitoring system and JAGUARS acoustic emotion network. The tilt changes associated with this event showed a well pronounced after-tilt. The aftershock activities were also well recorded by the acoustic emission and the mine seismic networks. More than 21,000 AE aftershocks were located in the first 150 hours after the main event. Using the distribution of the AE events the position of the fault in the source area was successfully delineated. The distribution of the AE events following the main shock was related to after tilt in order to

  7. Development and Application of Database for Mine Ground pressure Monitoring%矿山地压监测数据库开发与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王少林; 毛建华; 杨伟忠

    2011-01-01

    A dynamic database for ground pressure monitoring in Tongken mine has been established. By such technical means as the treatment of primary data, graphics conversion, model generation, data classification and analysis, the attribute connection of data between models,as well as spatial analysis,the data of pressure monitoring is combined into an organic whole. The database system is used to achieve the automatic process and visualization output of monitored data. The authorized query and sharing of results of rock movement and surface collapse forecast and analysis have been realized. It provides technical guarantee for the safety in production of Tongken mine.%针对铜坑矿地压监测资料建立了动态数据库,通过原始数据整理、图形转换、模型生成、数据分类分析、模型数据间属性连接、空间分析等技术手段,使各种不同类别的地压监测数据有机结合成一个整体,利用数据库系统进行自动化处理和可视化输出,实现了矿山地压的全天候连续监控和岩层移动、塌陷预测与分析资料的局域网授权查询与共享.为铜坑安全生产提供了保障.

  8. Environmental arsenic, cadmium and lead dust emissions from metal mine operations: Implications for environmental management, monitoring and human health

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Mark Patrick, E-mail: mark.taylor@mq.edu.au; Mould, Simon Anthony; Kristensen, Louise Jane; Rouillon, Marek

    2014-11-15

    Although blood lead values in children are predominantly falling globally, there are locations where lead exposure remains a persistent problem. One such location is Broken Hill, Australia, where the percentage of blood lead values >10 μg/dL in children aged 1–4 years has risen from 12.6% (2010), to 13% (2011) to 21% (2012). The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of metal contamination in places accessible to children. This study examines contemporary exposure risks from arsenic, cadmium, lead, silver and zinc in surface soil and dust, and in pre- and post-play hand wipes at six playgrounds across Broken Hill over a 5-day period in September 2013. Soil lead (mean 2,450 mg/kg) and zinc (mean 3,710 mg/kg) were the most elevated metals in playgrounds. Surface dust lead concentrations were consistently elevated (mean 27,500 μg/m{sup 2}) with the highest lead in surface dust (59,900 μg/m{sup 2}) and post-play hand wipes (60,900 μg/m{sup 2}) recorded close to existing mining operations. Surface and post-play hand wipe dust values exceeded national guidelines for lead and international benchmarks for arsenic, cadmium and lead. Lead isotopic compositions ({sup 206}Pb/{sup 207}Pb, {sup 208}Pb/{sup 207}Pb) of surface dust wipes from the playgrounds revealed the source of lead contamination to be indistinct from the local Broken Hill ore body. The data suggest frequent, cumulative and ongoing mine-derived dust metal contamination poses a serious risk of harm to children. - Highlights: 1.Playground soils and surface dust in a mining town have high metal concentrations. 2.Elevated levels of As, Cd, Pb and Zn dust are found on playground users′ hands. 3.Pb isotope analysis shows that the source of playground dust is ore body Pb. 4.Surface mine operations must be contained to reduce childhood lead exposure risks. 5.Mine environmental licences need to set trigger values for As, Cd, Pb and Zn dust.

  9. Coal Mine Safety Monitoring System Network Client Software Design Inquiry%煤矿安全监控系统网络客户端软件设计探究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王淼

    2013-01-01

    在结合传统煤矿安全生产模式的基础上,提出了一种基于计算机安全监控监控系统客户端软件设计的煤矿综合监控系统结构,实现了井上与井下煤矿安全设备通讯,着重阐述了基于计算机安全监控系统客户端软件的安全生产设计与实现,希望对我国煤矿安全生产有所帮助。%It combines the traditional coal mine safety production mode was proposed based on a computer monitor and control system based on the safety monitoring of the client software design of coal mine comprehensive monitoring system structure, and realize the inoue and underground coal mine safety device communications, emphatically elaborated the computer security monitoring based on computer monitoring system of the production safety of the client software design and implementation, and I hope to help our country coal mine safety production.

  10. Passing on power & voice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Noer, Vibeke Røn; Nielsen, Cathrine Sand

    2014-01-01

    . The education lasts for 3,5 years and the landmark of the educational model is the continuously shifts between teaching in classroom and teaching in clinical practice. Clinical teaching takes place at approved clinical placement institutions in hospitals and in the social and health care services outside...... intention of gaining knowledge about other possible ways to perform the education. The class, named the E-class, followed what in the field was named ‘an experimental educational model based on experienced-based learning’ (Nielsen et al. 2011). The experiential educational model is argued as an experiment.......aspx Higher degree of student involvement in planning as well as teaching was in the field presented as a part of ‘the overall educational approach’. In the course ‘Acute, Critical Nursing & Terminal, Palliative Care’ this was transferred into an innovative pedagogy with intend to pass on power and voice...

  11. Education Bill passes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Richman, Barbara T.

    On March 2 the U.S. House of Representatives passed a bill authorizing $425 million for science and mathematics education in fiscal 1984; the authorization is $350 million more than President Ronald Reagan requested in his budget proposal (Eos, February 15, 1983, p. 65).H.R. 1310 allocates $295 million to the Department of Education not only to improve precollege instruction in science and math, but to beef up foreign language training to aid in improving international communication among scientists. The bill also allots $130 million to the National Science Foundation for a variety of programs, the lion's share of which aims to upgrade research equipment at colleges and universities. It is hoped that industry will match the $100 million targeted for this program.

  12. Investigation on Mining Subsidence Based on Multi-Temporal InSAR and Time-Series Analysis of the Small Baseline Subset—Case Study of Working Faces 22201-1/2 in Bu’ertai Mine, Shendong Coalfield, China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chao Ma

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available High-intensity coal mining (large mining height, shallow mining depth, and rapid advancing frequently causes large-scale ground damage within a short period of time. Understanding mining subsidence under high-intensity mining can provide a basis for mining-induced damage assessment, land remediation in a subsidence area, and ecological reconstruction in vulnerable ecological regions in Western China. In this study, the mining subsidence status of Shendong Coalfield was investigated and analyzed using two-pass differential interferometric synthetic aperture radar (DInSAR technology based on high-resolution synthetic aperture radar data (RADARSAT-2 precise orbit, multilook fine, 5 m collected from 20 January 2012 to June 2013. Surface damages in Shendong Coalfield over a period of 504 days under open-pit mining and underground mining were observed. Ground deformation of the high-intensity mining working faces 22201-1/2 in Bu’ertai Mine, Shendong Coalfield was monitored using small baseline subset (SBAS InSAR technology. (1 DInSAR detected and located 85 ground deformation areas (including ground deformations associated with past-mining activity. The extent of subsidence in Shendong Coalfield presented a progressive increase at an average monthly rate of 13.09 km2 from the initial 54.98 km2 to 225.20 km2, approximately, which accounted for 7% of the total area of Shendong Coalfield; (2 SBAS-InSAR reported that the maximum cumulative subsidence area reached 5.58 km2 above the working faces 22201-1/2. The advance speed of ground destruction (7.9 m/day was nearly equal to that of underground mining (8.1 m/day.

  13. The use of web based monitoring and analysis-based platforms for the monitoring of slopes in opencast mines and quarries; Die Anwendung Web-basierter Monitoring- und Analyse-Plattformen fuer die Ueberwachung von Boeschungen in Steinbruechen und Tagebauen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Graf, Thomas; Fyfe, Timothy D. [Fugro Consult GmbH, Berlin (Germany)

    2010-07-15

    These days, ensuring the technical and operational safety requirements, is one of the core activities in the operation of quarries and open pit mines. Especially, the geotechnical stability of slopes during open pit operations contains a considerable risk potential. (orig.)

  14. Hydrological Monitoring and Environmental Modeling to Assess the Quality and Sustainability of the Water Resources in an Uranium Mine Area, Caetité - Brazil

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franklin, M. R.; van Slobbe, E.; Fernandes, N. F.; Palma, J.; van Dalen, D.; Santos, A. C.; Melo, V.; Reis, R. G.; Carmo, R.; Fernandes, H. M.

    2009-12-01

    groundwater resulting from mining and milling activities. Fracture parameters e.g. location, connectivity and length were correlated with the production of the wells and with lithology. These results showed that, in general, the most productive wells are located near the dike. The systems of fractures tend to lose expression as we move away from the dike. The lithology more prone to accumulation of water is the gneiss, probably due to its foliation. Pumping tests reveal connection among these fractures close the dike. To allow for an appropriate simulation of the hydrogeological pattern different parameters (porosity, hydraulic conductivity, water level, etc.) were measured in the region. Water quality characteristics were obtained from the extensive Environmental Monitoring Program carried out by the mining company. A three-dimensional groundwater model (FEFLOW) was applied to the CEB to simulate the groundwater system.

  15. Detecting and monitoring of water inrush in tunnels and coal mines using direct current resistivity method: A review

    OpenAIRE

    Shucai Li; Bin Liu; Lichao Nie; Zhengyu Liu; Mingzhen Tian; Shirui Wang; Maoxin Su; Qian Guo

    2015-01-01

    Detecting, real-time monitoring and early warning of underground water-bearing structures are critically important issues in prevention and mitigation of water inrush hazards in underground engineering. Direct current (DC) resistivity method is a widely used method for routine detection, advanced detection and real-time monitoring of water-bearing structures, due to its high sensitivity to groundwater. In this study, the DC resistivity method applied to underground engineering is reviewed and...

  16. Analysis and Application of Remote Monitoring System of Coal Mine Computer%煤矿中计算机远程综合监控系统应用分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    衣勉

    2015-01-01

    the main purpose of this study is the development of the information technology into the mine production, and through the introduction of computer remote monitoring this digital system in the comprehensive management of mine, can effectively real?ize the classification transmission and processing the monitoring to mine data, so as to ensure that the relevant departments to con?trol the range of all coal mine the distribution, video image, inside the mine information as well as the concentration of gas, wind machine off and mechanical electrical equipment such as remote monitoring, centralized monitoring and real-time monitoring, and the occurrence of unexpected events, to take timely emergency measures:to stop operation, personnel evacuation.%该研究主要是将日益发展的信息技术引入到煤矿生产之中,并通过在煤矿综合管理中引入计算机远程综合监控这数字化系统,能够有效的实现将矿井中所监控到的数据进行分级传输与处理,从而保证有关部门对控制范围内的所有煤矿工作人员的分布、视频图像、矿井内部信息以及矿井中的瓦斯浓度、风机的开停与机械设备用电情况等进行远程监控、集中监控与实时监控,进而对发生突发事件时,能够及时采取应急措施:停止作业、人员撤离等.

  17. Environmental arsenic, cadmium and lead dust emissions from metal mine operations: Implications for environmental management, monitoring and human health.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Mark Patrick; Mould, Simon Anthony; Kristensen, Louise Jane; Rouillon, Marek

    2014-11-01

    Although blood lead values in children are predominantly falling globally, there are locations where lead exposure remains a persistent problem. One such location is Broken Hill, Australia, where the percentage of blood lead values >10 μg/dL in children aged 1-4 years has risen from 12.6% (2010), to 13% (2011) to 21% (2012). The purpose of this study was to determine the extent of metal contamination in places accessible to children. This study examines contemporary exposure risks from arsenic, cadmium, lead, silver and zinc in surface soil and dust, and in pre- and post-play hand wipes at six playgrounds across Broken Hill over a 5-day period in September 2013. Soil lead (mean 2,450 mg/kg) and zinc (mean 3,710 mg/kg) were the most elevated metals in playgrounds. Surface dust lead concentrations were consistently elevated (mean 27,500 μg/m(2)) with the highest lead in surface dust (59,900 μg/m(2)) and post-play hand wipes (60,900 μg/m(2)) recorded close to existing mining operations. Surface and post-play hand wipe dust values exceeded national guidelines for lead and international benchmarks for arsenic, cadmium and lead. Lead isotopic compositions ((206)Pb/(207)Pb, (208)Pb/(207)Pb) of surface dust wipes from the playgrounds revealed the source of lead contamination to be indistinct from the local Broken Hill ore body. The data suggest frequent, cumulative and ongoing mine-derived dust metal contamination poses a serious risk of harm to children.

  18. 持续性实时监测数据的无偏风险挖掘仿真%Unbiased Risk Mining Simulation of Real-time Monitoring Data in Persistence

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张成叔; 胡学钢

    2015-01-01

    The real time monitoring data in persistence is commonly used in the field of mining scheduling battlefield moni⁃toring, forest fire monitoring etc.. In the mining of real-time monitoring data persistent scheduling processing, because of the existence of physical disturbance mining real-time monitoring data of battlefield monitoring, it will have a time delay risk, need to carry on the unbiased estimation and risk transformation, improve the performance of data mining and real time monitoring. An unbiased risk mining algorithm for real-time monitoring persistent data is proposed based on aggrega⁃tion tree, and simulation is realized. Continuous real-time monitoring data acquisition and pre-processing model is con⁃structed, analysis of monitoring data aggregation tree relevance is taken, the data unbiased phase characteristics are ob⁃tained, the data mining of the shortest unbiased estimation of time delay value is obtained, unbiased risk mining optimal un⁃biased estimator for continuous real-time monitoring data is computed. The experimental results show that, the algorithm can effectively avoid the data mining process of time delay risk, the unbiased estimation and risk transformation is ob⁃tained, the performance of data mining and real time monitoring is improved.%持续性实时监测数据的挖掘和调度常用在战场监控、森林火警监测等领域。在对持续性实时监测数据调度和挖掘中,因为战场监控、森林火警等持续性实时监测数据的挖掘中存在物理干扰,会产生时间延迟等风险,需要对其进行无偏估计和风险转化,提高数据的挖掘和实时监测性能。提出一种基于聚集树的持续性实时监测数据的无偏风险挖掘算法,并进行仿真实现。构建持续性实时监测数据的采集和预处理模型,进行监测数据的聚集树关联性分析,求得数据无偏相位特征,得到数据挖掘的最短无偏时延估计值,求得持续性

  19. On large screen display system PTZ control of mine monitoring system in Yuhua coal mine%玉华煤矿监控系统大屏显示及云台控制

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高明卿; 王东武

    2012-01-01

    The paper introduced the multi-channel video signal acquisition and processing,PIP display and adjustment of size and position of sub-picture of new monitoring system used in Yuhua coal mine.The system can completes the multi-channel video picture display on big screen and real time control of PTZ by processing the video data with FPGA and NiosII core.This technology has good effect in production scheduling and productivity promotion.%介绍了玉华煤矿新的监控系统,系统主要由图像采集模块、图像处理模块、图像显示模块以及云台控制模块构成。利用FPGA和NiosII核对数据量大、速度高、控制复杂的视频数据进行处理,从而完成多路视频图像在大屏幕上进行播放画中画及云台实时控制的功能,应用效果良好。

  20. Design and Realization of Network Video Monitoring System in Coal Mine Safety Production%煤矿安全生产网络视频监控系统的设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李万高; 刘晓乐

    2013-01-01

    The network video monitoring system in coal mine design involves hundreds of index in the coal mine production, needs to call a large amount of data and information, and comprehensively balances various relationships between coal mine production and labor, between supply and demand needs and recoverable coal mines, between coal mine enterprise itself benefits and social benefits, the demanding, equipment and strong technical, the network video monitoring system design process is actually a multi -objective dynamic decision process. Therefore, by means of computer network technology, cad network video monitoring system, realizing the computer management to coal mine safety production is very necessary.%煤矿网络视频监控系统设计涉及到煤矿生产工作的数百个指标,需要调用大量的数据和信息,并要综合平衡煤矿生产同劳动力之间、供求需要同可开采煤矿之间、煤矿企业自身效益同社会效益之间的各种关系,要求很高,业务性和技术性很强,煤矿网络视频监控系统设计的过程实际上是一个多目标动态决策过程。因此,以计算机网络技术为手段,辅助设计网络视频监控系统,实现计算机对煤矿安全生产管理是非常必要的。

  1. Hydrogeologic monitoring of the Paraíba do Sul river floodplain area subject to sand mining in the Tremembé municipality, SP, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Getulio Teixeira Batista

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available To characterize the geological, hydrogeological, hydrochemical, and hydrobacterial aspects of the surface and groundwater in the floodplain of the Paraíba do Sul river in Tremembé municipality, the water levels of the Quaternary sedimentary aquifer experimental site was monitored based on four wells and eight associated piezometers with daily measures of water levels in continuous operation since December 3, 2009. In addition, data from a modular weather station in operation since March 2010 and data from the quality of surface water and groundwater have been analyzed in the period between March 2010 and March 2011. The water balance between April 2010 and March 2011 was estimated to verify the periods of water deficiency and excess. Data loggers installed in the piezometers enabled daily groundwater levels monitoring to establish the influence of the Paraíba do Sul river in the water levels of the Quaternary sedimentary aquifer and also they allowed the determination of the water loss to the atmosphere. A hydrogeological model with simplified equations, based on hydraulics parameters obtained in the wells pump tests, was implemented to calculate the amount of daily evapotranspiration and the average distance of the water loss from the wells to the atmosphere. An evaporation rate of 83.4 m3/h from the open-pit sand mine located at 212.2 m and of 89.2 m3/h for the one at 885.0 m average distance from the monitoring wells were observed. Chemical and bacteriological analysis involving multiple parameters were performed in the period from March 2010 to March 2011 in groundwater collected in wells, in the open-pit mines and in the waters of the Paraíba do Sul river. The results allowed to observe the influences of the Paraíba do Sul river as well as the contamination from fertilizers and pesticides from the agriculture practiced in the floodplain area on the quality of the groundwater.

  2. Longwall mining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-03-14

    As part of EIA`s program to provide information on coal, this report, Longwall-Mining, describes longwall mining and compares it with other underground mining methods. Using data from EIA and private sector surveys, the report describes major changes in the geologic, technological, and operating characteristics of longwall mining over the past decade. Most important, the report shows how these changes led to dramatic improvements in longwall mining productivity. For readers interested in the history of longwall mining and greater detail on recent developments affecting longwall mining, the report includes a bibliography.

  3. Investigation of Non-Linear Dynamics of the Rock Massive,Using Seismological Catalogue data and Induction Electromagnetic Monitoring Data in a Rock Burst Mine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hachay, O. A.; Khachay, O. Y.; Klimko, V. K.; Shipeev, O. V.

    2012-04-01

    Geological medium is an open dynamical system, which is influenced on different scales by natural and man-made impacts, which change the medium state and lead as a result to a complicated many ranked hierarchic evolution. That is the subject of geo synergetics. Paradigm of physical mesomechanics, which was advanced by academician Panin V.E. and his scientific school, which includes the synergetic approach is a constructive method for research and changing the state of heterogenic materials [1]. That result had been obtained on specimens of different materials. In our results of research of no stationary geological medium in a frame of natural experiments in real rock massifs, which are under high man-made influence it was shown, that the state dynamics can be revealed with use synergetics in hierarchic medium. Active and passive geophysical monitoring plays a very important role for research of the state of dynamical geological systems. It can be achieved by use electromagnetic and seismic fields. Our experience of that research showed the changing of the system state reveals on the space scales and times in the parameters, which are linked with the peculiarities of the medium of the second or higher ranks [2-5]. Results of seismological and electromagnetic information showed the mutual additional information on different space-time levels of rock massive state, which are energetic influenced by explosions, used in mining technology. It is revealed a change of nonlinearity degree in time of the massive state by active influence on it. The description of massive movement in a frame of linear dynamical system does not satisfy the practical situation. The received results are of great significance because for the first time we could find the coincidences with the mathematical theory of open systems and experimental natural results with very complicated structure. On that base we developed a new processing method for the seismological information which can be used in

  4. Research of Key Technologies for Mine Safety and Efficiency Monitoring%安全高效矿井监控关键技术研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙继平

    2012-01-01

    提出安全高效矿井应采用先进可靠的监控技术,实现供电、排水、通风、压风、运输、提升、瓦斯抽采等固定岗位无人值守和地面远程控制,综采、综放等采煤工作面少人作业和地面远程控制;提出供电、排水、通风、压风、运输、提升、瓦斯抽采等监控系统应具有地面远程控制功能;提出具有远程控制、报警联动、调度指挥等功能的煤矿调度指挥控制中心;提出整合计算机网络机房、程控交换机机房、调度交换机机房、监控系统机房等的数据中心;提出基于煤层瓦斯压力和瓦斯含量、综合指标、钻屑瓦斯解吸指标、复合指标、R值指标、瓦斯涌出量(根据瓦斯体积分数和风量计算)、巷道位置、微震、地音、温度等及其变化的煤与瓦斯突出预警方法;提出基于WiFi的矿用无线传输接口,以便于互通互联;提出通过分布式光纤测温预警煤炭自然发火,较通过监测CO等煤炭自然发火标志气体更直接、更及时、更可靠;提出根据运煤量实时调整输送带速度:当煤量较小时降低输送带运行速度,当煤量较大时提高输送带运行速度,以提高运输效率,减少设备磨损;提出基于光纤综合保护的供电监控系统具有防越级跳闸、地面远程整定和地面远程控制功能,提高了煤矿供电的可靠性,可实现煤矿井下机电硐室无人值守;提出具有煤岩识别与滚筒自动调高,采煤机、刮板机、液压支架3机联动,记忆割煤,地面远程、顺槽近程、手动控制和紧急停机,放顶煤量和煤矸控制,采煤机和刮板机等大型机电设备故障诊断等功能的采煤工作面监控系统.%The paper put forward that safe and efficient coal mines should adopt advanced and reliable monitoring technology to be unmanned in fixed posts such as power supply, drainage, ventilation, air pressure, transportation, hoist, gas drainage and achieve

  5. SU-E-T-235: Data Mining for Evaluating Treatment Performances Over a Large Quantity of Data to Monitor and Improve SBRT Workflow

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Feng, W [Columbia University Medical Center, New York, NY (United States); Bayhealth Medical Center, Dover, DE (United States); Chu, A [New York Presbyterian Hospital, New York, AA (United States); Wuu, C [Columbia University, New York, NY (United States); Nguyen, K [Bayhealth Medical Center, Dover, DE (United States)

    2015-06-15

    Purpose: To quality assure a large quantity of retrospective treatment cases for treatment performances by randomly sampling is inefficient. Here we provide a method to efficiently monitor and investigate the QA of SBRT workflow over Mosaiq. Methods: The code developed with Microsoft SQL Server Management Studio 2008R2 and VBA was used for retrieving and sorting data from Mosaiq (version 2.3–2.6 during 2012–2015). SBRT patients were filtered by fractional dose over 350cGy and total fraction number less than 6, which SBRT prescriptions were defined. The quality assurance on the SBRT workflow was focused on the treatment deliveries such as patient positioning setup, CBCT indicated offsets and couch shifted corrections. The treatment delivery were done by Varian Truebeam systems and the record/verify by Mosaiq. Results: Total 82 SBRT patients corresponding to 103 courses and 854 CBCT images were found by the retrieval query. Most centers record daily pre-treatment (Pre-Tx: before treatment shift) image-guided shifts along treatment course for inter-fraction motion record, and it is useful to also verify it with post-treatment imaging (Post-Tx: after treatment CBCT verification) to verify intra-fraction motion. Analyzing the details of daily recorded shifts can reveals the information of patient-setup and staff’s record/verify behaviors. 3 examples were provided as solid evidences and on-going rectification for preventing future mistakes. Conclusions: The report gave feasible examples for inspector to verify a large amount of data during site investigation. This program can also be extended to a scheduled data mining with software to periodical analyze the timely records in Mosaiq, for example, a various control charts for different QA purposes. As the current trend of automation in radiation therapy field, the data mining would be a necessary tool in the future, just as the automatic plan quality evaluation has been under development in Eclipse.

  6. DGT as a useful monitoring tool for radionuclides and trace metals in environments impacted by uranium mining: Case study of the Sagnes wetland in France.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leermakers, Martine; Phrommavanh, Vannapha; Drozdzak, Jagoda; Gao, Yue; Nos, Jérémy; Descostes, Michael

    2016-07-01

    The Diffusive Gradients in Thin films (DGT) technique was used to analyse U, (226)Ra and other trace metals in stream water and soil porewater in a wetland in France impacted by uranium mining. High resolution profiles of metals in soil porewater obtained by DGT could be measured for the first time up to a depth of 75 cm by the construction of a novel DGT holder. In stream water, the DGT technique was compared to speciation carried out by filtration (0.45 μm) and ultrafiltration (UF) (500 kDa/100 kDa/10 kDa) and DGT porewater profiles were compared with piezometer data obtained in a parallel study. An increase in the trace concentrations of dissolved (0.45 μm) and particulate U, (226)Ra, and elements such as Al, Fe, Mn and Ba was observed in the stream water as it passes through the bog as a results of mobilization from the wetland. The porewater results indicate DGT labile metals species to be present in porewater and mobilization of uranium and other elements linked to the presence of enriched clays. In stream water, colloids and particles govern the behavior of U, Al and Fe, whereas Mn, Ba and Ra are essentially transported as truly dissolved metal species with DGT labile concentrations accounting for 100% of the dissolved fraction. The combined approaches of DGT and UF allow us to obtain a better understanding on the biogeochemical processes involved in the retention and mobility of U and (226)Ra in the wetland.

  7. Multiple pass laser amplifier system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brueckner, Keith A.; Jorna, Siebe; Moncur, N. Kent

    1977-01-01

    A laser amplification method for increasing the energy extraction efficiency from laser amplifiers while reducing the energy flux that passes through a flux limited system which includes apparatus for decomposing a linearly polarized light beam into multiple components, passing the components through an amplifier in delayed time sequence and recombining the amplified components into an in phase linearly polarized beam.

  8. 基于短基线集技术的矿区开采沉陷监测研究%Monitoring the Surface Subsidence of Mining Areas Based on SBAS Method

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李国华; 薛继群

    2013-01-01

    The surface subsidence monitoring of mining areas becomes increasingly important because of the large - scale exploitation of coal resources. As an important branch of Differential Interferometry Synthetic Aperture Radar (D - InSAR) , Small Baseline Subset (SBAS) method has been presented as an effective way to monitor the urban surface deformation theoretically, which is based on the use of a large number of SAR acquisitions distributed in small baseline subsets and singular value decomposition ( SVD) method, but has not been used to monitor mine subsidence. In this paper, an experiment based on the SBAS method was performed to monitor mine subsidence using 12 ERS - 1/2 SAR images of mining area in Jiangsu. Experimental results show that this method can effectively monitor the mine surface subsidence to a certain extent, but at present stage, the result of SBAS method can not achieve the desired application standard. According to the experimental result, we summarized two factors which restrict SBAS technique applied to monitor mining subsidence.%随着矿产资源的开采规模、范围不断增加,监测矿区开采沉陷显得越来越重要.作为差分干涉测量技术(D-InSAR)的重要分支,短基线技术(Small Baseline Subset,SBAS)理论上能有效地监测城市沉降,但未应用于监测矿区的开采沉陷.它是将多幅SAR影像组合成若干个基线距较短的干涉对并利用奇异值分解(SVD)方法获取形变.本文利用12幅ERS-1/2 SAR影像(1995.4-1998.8)组成20组干涉对,采用短基线技术对江苏某矿区的开采沉陷进行监测.实验表明,短基线技术能较为有效地监测矿区的开采沉陷,但在现阶段尚不能应用于生产工作中.根据本次实验结果,总结出限制短基线技术应用于监测矿区开采沉陷的两大因素.

  9. WebPASS PP (HR Personnel Management)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — WebPass Explorer (WebPASS Framework): USAID is partnering with DoS in the implementation of their WebPass Post Personnel (PS) Module. WebPassPS does not replace...

  10. WebPASS Explorer (HR Personnel Management)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — WebPass Explorer (WebPASS Framework): USAID is partnering with DoS in the implementation of their WebPass Post Personnel (PS) Module. WebPassPS does not replace...

  11. Indoor radon monitoring near an in situ leach mining site in D G Khan, Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matiullah; Malik, Fariha; Rafique, Muhammad

    2012-12-01

    Indoor radon and its decay products are considered to be the second leading cause of lung cancer after cigarette smoking. This is why extensive radon surveys have been carried out in many countries of the world, including Pakistan. In this context, 25 spots were selected at workplaces in the vicinity of the uranium mining site in Dera Ghazi Khan District for indoor radon measurement. For this purpose, CR-39 based radon detectors were installed at head height and were exposed to indoor radon for 60 days. After retrieval, these detectors were etched in a 6 M solution of NaOH at the temperature of 80 °C for 16 h in order to make the alpha particle tracks visible. The observed track densities were related to the indoor radon concentration using a calibration factor of 2.7 tracks cm(-2) h(-1)/kBq m(-3). The measured indoor radon concentration ranged from ∼386 ±161 to 3028 ± 57 Bq m(-3) with an average value of 1508 ± 81 Bq m(-3) in the studied areas of Dera Ghazi Khan District. The mean annual effective dose ranged from 2.22 ± 0.93 to 17.44 ± 0.33 mSv yr(-1), with an average of 8.68 ± 0.47 mSv yr(-1). The effect of the seasonal correction factor (SCF) on the annual average radon concentration has also been considered. Results of the current study show that, for the majority of the workplaces studied, indoor radon levels exceed the action levels proposed by many world organisations.

  12. Ogoya old copper mine as a monitoring station for various fields of earth sciences and radon anomaly observed at Tatsunokuchi

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Komura, Kazuhisa; Wataguchi, Teru; Yamazaki, Seiji [Kanazawa Univ. (Japan)

    1997-02-01

    To utilize the tunnel of old Ogoya mine for measurement of low-level radioactivity, the intensity of cosmic ray have been determined at various points in the tunnel and basic data regarding radon level, wind velocity and temperature have been collected. Here, recent studies made in the underground laboratory in the tunnel were briefly outlined. The reciprocal of radon activity was found to be closely correlated with wind velocity. The mean activity was ca. 25 Bq/m{sup 3}, slightly higher than that in an ordinal house at the wind velocity of 0.4 m/sec and it was highest in the conditions of no wind. Thus, the tunnel was found to be suitable for the measurement of low-level radioactivity. Then, the effects of radon on the background level for the Ge-detector set in the underground laboratory were investigated and an attempt for their elimination was made using nitrogen gas. The peak counting rates of {sup 214}Pb and {sup 214}Bi, both of which are daughter nuclides of radon were remarkably reduced by introducing the gas. Further, the radon level of the atmosphere upon the ground was determined using a radon detector with electrostatic trap aiming to catch the abnormality in radon level, which is regarded as an omen of earthquake. Thus, it was suggested that the radon anomaly observed in Tatsunokuchi during from Aug. 31 to Sep. 12 might be associated with the earthquake with a magnitude of 3.2 occurred 9 Km apart from the town on September 10. (M,N.)

  13. Multi-pass spectroscopic ellipsometry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stehle, Jean-Louis [Sopralab, 7 rue du Moulin des Bruyeres, 92400 Courbevoie (France); Samartzis, Peter C., E-mail: sama@iesl.forth.gr [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton 71110, Heraklion Crete (Greece); Stamataki, Katerina [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton 71110, Heraklion Crete (Greece); Department of Chemistry, University of Crete, Voutes, 71003, Heraklion (Greece); Piel, Jean-Philippe [Sopralab, 7 rue du Moulin des Bruyeres, 92400 Courbevoie (France); Katsoprinakis, George E.; Papadakis, Vassilis [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton 71110, Heraklion Crete (Greece); Schimowski, Xavier [Sopralab, 7 rue du Moulin des Bruyeres, 92400 Courbevoie (France); Rakitzis, T. Peter [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton 71110, Heraklion Crete (Greece); Department of Physics, University of Crete, Voutes, 71003, Heraklion (Greece); Loppinet, Benoit [Institute of Electronic Structure and Laser, Foundation of Research and Technology-Hellas, Vassilika Vouton 71110, Heraklion Crete (Greece)

    2014-03-31

    Spectroscopic ellipsometry is an established technique, particularly useful for thickness measurements of thin films. It measures polarization rotation after a single reflection of a beam of light on the measured substrate at a given incidence angle. In this paper, we report the development of multi-pass spectroscopic ellipsometry where the light beam reflects multiple times on the sample. We have investigated both theoretically and experimentally the effect of sample reflectivity, number of reflections (passes), angles of incidence and detector dynamic range on ellipsometric observables tanΨ and cosΔ. The multiple pass approach provides increased sensitivity to small changes in Ψ and Δ, opening the way for single measurement determination of optical thickness T, refractive index n and absorption coefficient k of thin films, a significant improvement over the existing techniques. Based on our results, we discuss the strengths, the weaknesses and possible applications of this technique. - Highlights: • We present multi-pass spectroscopic ellipsometry (MPSE), a multi-pass approach to ellipsometry. • Different detectors, samples, angles of incidence and number of passes were tested. • N passes improve polarization ratio sensitivity to the power of N. • N reflections improve phase shift sensitivity by a factor of N. • MPSE can significantly improve thickness measurements in thin films.

  14. Acquiring Data by Mining the Past: Pairing Communities with Environmental Monitoring Methods through Open Online Collaborative Replication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lippincott, M.; Lewis, E. S.; Gehrke, G. E.; Wise, A.; Pyle, S.; Sinatra, V.; Bland, G.; Bydlowski, D.; Henry, A.; Gilberts, P. A.

    2016-12-01

    Community groups are interested in low-cost sensors to monitor their environment. However, many new commercial sensors are unknown devices without peer-reviewed evaluations of data quality or pathways to regulatory acceptance, and the time to achieve these outcomes may be beyond a community's patience and attention. Rather than developing a device from scratch or validating a new commercial product, a workflow is presented whereby existing technologies, especially those that are out of patent, are replicated through open online collaboration between communities affected by environmental pollution, volunteers, academic institutions, and existing open hardware and open source software projects. Technology case studies will be presented, focusing primarily on a passive PM monitor based on the UNC Passive Monitor. Stages of the project will be detailed moving from identifying community needs, reviewing existing technology, partnership development, technology replication, IP review and licensing, data quality assurance (in process), and field evaluation with community partners (in process), with special attention to partnership development and technology review. We have leveraged open hardware and open source software to lower the cost and access barriers of existing technologies for PM10-2.5 and other atmospheric measures that have already been validated through peer review. Existing validation of and regulatory familiarity with a technology enables a rapid pathway towards collecting data, shortening the time it takes for communities to leverage data in environmental management decisions. Online collaboration requires rigorous documentation that aids in spreading research methods and promoting deep engagement by interested community researchers outside academia. At the same time, careful choice of technology and the use of small-scale fabrication through laser cutting, 3D printing, and open, shared repositories of plans and software enables educational engagement that

  15. Radioecological challenges for mining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vesterbacka, P.; Ikaeheimonen, T.K.; Solatie, D. [Radiation and Nuclear Safety Authority (Finland)

    2014-07-01

    mine is arranged, if needed. The environmental conditions of the mine and sensitivity of the nature around the mine must be taken into account when setting the limits for wastewater discharges. Due to this, wastewater discharge limits may vary from mine to mine. Environmental surveillance must be regular and well-defined, including the same measurements as in the baseline study. Basic Safety Standard (BSS) points out that measurements are also needed to avoid the environmental consequences of an accidental release and to monitor the existing levels of radioactivity in the environment, from the perspectives of both environmental protection and human health. This paper demonstrates the importance of radiological baseline study and continuous monitoring, when needed, in the vicinities of mines. It also shows and the need for wastewater limits in order to estimate the effects of mining activities on the environmental radioactivity in the future. A few examples from Finland are also presented. Document available in abstract form only. (authors)

  16. Coal mining area environment impact assessment of site monitoring and analysis of the problem%煤矿矿区环境影响评价中的现场监测问题与分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘丽梅; 王颖

    2012-01-01

      Environmental impact assessment based on environment monitoring based, when a construction project on environmental impact assessment, first to the project's construction to environment factor monitoring analysis. The environment in coal ecological fragile, so for the mining construction projects in the environmental impact assessment to more cautious and fine. Based on environmental impact assessment of the mining area environment monitoring will be a must be treated carefully. So in monitoring of the process as much as possible to avoid human errors and reduce the error of the objective. This paper will be of the coal mine mining area of the atmosphere, surface water and ground water, mine water, mining area of various environmental noise elements of the environmental monitoring analysis of one discussion.%  环境影响评价是以环境监测为基础的,当一个建设项目进行环境影响评价的时候,首先要对该项目建设地的环境要素进行监测分析。煤矿矿区的环境生态脆弱,所以对于在矿区进行的建设项目的环境影响评价要更加谨慎细致。基于环境影响评价的矿区环境监测也就成为一个必须要认真细致对待的问题。所以在监测过程当中要尽可能的避免人为的过失和减少客观的误差。本文将对煤矿矿区的大气、地表水、地下水、矿井水、矿区噪声的各种环境要素的环境监测进行逐一的分析讨论

  17. Monitoring of TiO2-catalytic UV-LED photo-oxidation of cyanide contained in mine wastewater and leachate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Seong Hee; Lee, Sang Woo; Lee, Gye Min; Lee, Byung-Tae; Yun, Seong-Taek; Kim, Soon-Oh

    2016-01-01

    A photo-oxidation process using UV-LEDs and TiO2 was studied for removal of cyanide contained in mine wastewater and leachates. This study focused on monitoring of a TiO2-catalyzed LED photo-oxidation process, particularly emphasizing the effects of TiO2 form and light source on the efficiency of cyanide removal. The generation of hydroxyl radicals was also examined during the process to evaluate the mechanism of the photo-catalytic process. The apparent removal efficiency of UV-LEDs was lower than that achieved using a UV-lamp, but cyanide removal in response to irradiation as well as consumption of electrical energy was observed to be higher for UV-LEDs than for UV-lamps. The Degussa P25 TiO2 showed the highest performance of the TiO2 photo-catalysts tested. The experimental results indicate that hydroxyl radicals oxidize cyanide to OCN(-), NO2(-), NO3(-), HCO3(-), and CO3(2-), which have lower toxicity than cyanide. In addition, the overall efficacy of the process appeared to be significantly affected by diverse operational parameters, such as the mixing ratio of anatase and rutile, the type of gas injected, and the number of UV-LEDs used.

  18. Lichens and mosses as monitors of industrial activity associated with uranium mining in Northern Ontario, Canada. Pt. 1. Field procedures, chemical analysis and inter-species comparisons

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boileau, L.J.R.; Beckett, P.J.; Lavoie, P.; Richardson, D.H.S. (Laurentian Univ., Sudbury, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biology; Laurentian Univ., Sudbury, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Chemistry); Nieboer, E. (McMaster Univ., Hamilton, Ontario (Canada). Dept. of Biochemistry)

    1982-07-01

    A modified X-ray fluorescence spectrometry technique allowed the detection of uranium in cryptograms with a detection limit of 0.5 to 1 ..mu..g U g/sup -1/ of plant material. The levels of five elements (Ti, Fe, Ni, Pb and U) in 109 lichen and 98 moss samples collected around two uranium mining communities in northeastern Ontario, Canada, are reported. Similar metal accumulation tendencies were observed for the pair of lichens, Cladonia rangiferina and C. mitis, and for the moss pair, Pleurozium schreberi and Dicranum spp. This interchangeability, combined with favourable availability, made the above species the most useful biological monitors. Inter-elemental content comparisons employing Pearson's linear correlation statistic indicated a strong positive association among the pairs iron/titanium, and uranium/lead. Somewhat weaker positive correlations were observed in the individual comparisons of uranium levels with iron, or titanium, or nickel content. The associations between elements in mosses and lichens were in excellent agreement with the grouping based on the composition of the local uranium ores and tailings.

  19. Privacy Preserving Distributed Data Mining

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — Distributed data mining from privacy-sensitive multi-party data is likely to play an important role in the next generation of integrated vehicle health monitoring...

  20. Application of Close Range Photogrammetry Technology of Slope Deformation Monitoring in Open Pit Mine%近景摄影技术在露天矿山边坡变形监测中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢冬冬; 杨德宏

    2016-01-01

    In the open pit mine, the slope stability is a serious threat to the safety of mine production, so it is very important to strengthen the deformation monitoring and stability analysis of high and steep slope. This paper taking the northern slope of an open pit mine in Yunnan as an example, applied close range photogrammetry technology to the open pit mine slope deformation monitoring, compared and analyzed photogrammetry solution calculated data with the total station monitoring data, and obtained that it is feasible to apply the method of close range photogrammetry application to open pit slope deformation monitoring. Then it analyzed the factors that affect the measurement accuracy, and put forward the corresponding measures to improve the accuracy.%在露天矿山,边坡稳定性严重威胁着矿山的安全生产,加强对高陡边坡的变形监测和稳定性分析就显得非常重要。文章以云南某露天矿北部边坡为例,将近景摄影测量技术应用到露天矿山边坡变形监测中,将摄影测量解算出的数据与全站仪监测数据进行了对比分析,得出近景摄影测量方法应用于露天矿边坡变形监测是可行的,然后对影响量测精度的因素做出分析,并提出提高精度的相应措施。

  1. Text Mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trybula, Walter J.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the state of research in text mining, focusing on newer developments. The intent is to describe the disparate investigations currently included under the term text mining and provide a cohesive structure for these efforts. A summary of research identifies key organizations responsible for pushing the development of text mining. A section…

  2. Text Mining.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trybula, Walter J.

    1999-01-01

    Reviews the state of research in text mining, focusing on newer developments. The intent is to describe the disparate investigations currently included under the term text mining and provide a cohesive structure for these efforts. A summary of research identifies key organizations responsible for pushing the development of text mining. A section…

  3. Research of remote sensing monitoring system of mine based on python%基于 Python 的矿山遥感监测系统开发研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卜丽静; 郑新杰; 张正鹏; 兰文婷

    2015-01-01

    According to the requirements of GIS and RS processing function in mine remote sensing monitoring ,it studies the method of the second developement of mine remote monitoring system based on Python language .Firstly ,analysis is made on the second developement of ArcGIS in contrast in order to achieve the integration of processing function of ArcGIS and ENVI . The the concrete method and procedure of the second development using Python language are introduced ,and the mine remote sensing monitoring system on ArcGIS10 .1 platform is completed .%针对矿山遥感监测中对GIS和RS处理功能的需求,研究基于 Python语言的矿山遥感监测系统开发方法。在对比分析ArcGIS二次开发方法的基础上,提出采用Python语言实现集成ArcGIS和ENVI处理功能的二次开发方法,并介绍运用 Python语言进行二次开发的具体方法和流程,在ArcGIS10.1平台上完成矿山遥感监测系统的开发。

  4. The risks to miners, mines, and the public posed by large seismic events in the gold mining districts of South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Durrheim, RJ

    2006-10-01

    Full Text Available with respect to mine planning and blasting schedules. The national and local monitoring networks, operated by the Council for Geoscience and mining companies, respectively, are on a par with those installed in seismically active mining districts elsewhere...

  5. 基于 FPGA 的煤矿井下监控分站设计%Design the Monitoring Substation of Coal Mine Underground Based on FPGA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    辛永祥; 张小波; 刘京威

    2015-01-01

    针对现有煤矿安全监控系统中越来越多传感器支持485/C A N智能通信,分站支持接口个数少、采用单一的微处理器对传感器的数据进行采集,从而导致现有分站组网成本高、数据响应实时性差等问题。提出一种基于 FPGA 的煤矿井下监控分站设计方案。详细介绍分站的软件和硬件总体架构设计;FPGA 关键信号采集和信号处理技术;部分关键电路详细设计;双口 FIFO 完成 FPGA 与 MCU 之间的通信,解决了 FPGA 与 MCU 工作时钟不一致的问题;同时可以采用红外遥控,灵活设置 FPGA 工作参数,完成人机交互等任务。该方案设计的分站具有数据响应实时性好、485接口个数多、布局布线成本低、适用不同传输接口类型的传感器接入监控系统等优点。%In view of more and more sensors support 485/CAN intelligent communication in the coal mine safety monitoring system ,the substation has few interfaces ,using a single microprocessor for sensor data acquisition ,leads to the existing substation network of high cost ,poor real-time data re-sponse problems. The paper put forward a design scheme of based on FPGA monitoring substation of coal mine underground. Detailed introduction of software and hardware architecture of substation de-sign ;The FPGA key signal acquisition and signal processing technology ;detailed introduction some key circuits design ;use the Dual port FIFO to complete the communication between FPGA and MCU , solve the problem of between FPGA and MCU inconsistent work clock ;At the same time can use the infrared remote control ,flexible setting of FPGA parameters to complete the work ,such as human-computer interaction task. The scheme design of the substation has the advantages of good real-time performance ,response data interface layout and wiring ,485 more low cost ,suitable for different transmission interface type sensor access monitoring system.

  6. Monitoring Bone Health after Spaceflight: Data Mining to Support an Epidemiological Analysis of Age-related Bone Loss in Astronauts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baker, K. S,; Amin, S.; Sibonga, Jean D.

    2009-01-01

    Through the epidemiological analysis of bone data, HRP is seeking evidence as to whether the prolonged exposure to microgravity of low earth orbit predisposes crewmembers to an earlier onset of osteoporosis. While this collaborative Epidemiological Project may be currently limited by the number of ISS persons providing relevant spaceflight medical data, a positive note is that it compares medical data of astronauts to data of an age-matched (not elderly) population that is followed longitudinally with similar technologies. The inclusion of data from non-ISS and non-NASA crewmembers is also being pursued. The ultimate goal of this study is to provide critical information for NASA to understand the impact of low physical or minimal weight-bearing activity on the aging process as well as to direct its development of countermeasures and rehabilitation programs to influence skeletal recovery. However, in order to optimize these results NASA needs to better define the requirements for long term monitoring and encourage both active and retired astronauts to contribute to a legacy of data that will define human health risks in space.

  7. Proceedings of the 2010 International Mine Water Association symposium : mine water and innovative thinking

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolkersdorfer, C. [Cape Breton Univ., Sydney, NS (Canada); Freund, A. [CBU Press, Sydney, NS (Canada)] (eds.)

    2010-07-01

    Acid mine drainage is causing pollution in many waterways and ground water tables throughout the world. Hosted by the International Mine Water Association, this symposium examined issues related to acid mine drainage and explored various water treatment and water removal technologies and mine water chemistry analysis methods. Issues concerning the remediation and monitoring of abandoned mines were explored and recent innovations in geochemistry and geological engineering were presented. Water management issues in various types of geologic formations were included. The conference themes were: mine water issues and innovative mining methods; mine water engineering; mine water treatment, active systems; mine water treatment, passive systems; mine water geothermal, geochemistry and biochemistry uses; analysis of mine water and its chemistry; underground and surface coal mining; mine closures; legal and social aspects of mine water; mine tailings; the Cape Breton Development Corporation legacy; and the concept of a zero waste mine. The symposium featured 155 presentations, of which 32 have been catalogued separately for inclusion in this database. tabs., figs.

  8. Proceedings, third international symposium on mine mechanization and automation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ozdemir, L.; Hanna, K. [eds.] [Colorado School of Mines, Golden, CO (United States)

    1995-12-31

    Papers are presented under the following topics: machine control and automation; rock drilling; cutting and fragmentation; rock characterization, remote sensing and interface detection; artificial intelligence and mine monitoring systems; computer applications; mechanical excavators; material handling; surface and underground mining; innovative mining systems; new developments in mechanical miners; ground hazard detection and control; ground support; and extraterrestrial mining.

  9. Regularity and prediction of ground pressure in Haigou Gold Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Meifeng Cai; Shuhua Hao; Hongguang Ji

    2008-01-01

    Previous mining excavation in upper sublevels left several mined-out areas in Haigou gold mine. To ensure safety of the main and auxiliary shafts and mining production in deeper sublevels, systematical studies on regularity, prediction, and control of ground pressure in the mine were carded out. Through 3D-numerical modeling and in-situ monitoring of acoustic emission, pressure and displacement, the ground pressure activity and the stability status of surrounding rock masses and the two shafts were assessed.Based on in-situ monitoring practice in Haigou mine, 4 modes to judge rock stability according to the monitoring information of acoustic emission, pressure, and displacement were presented.

  10. Study on Subsidence Monitoring Application in theH uainan Mining Area Based on D-InSAR Technique%D-InSAR技术在淮南矿区沉陷监测中的试验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张鲜妮; 王磊

    2014-01-01

    综合矿区开采沉陷特点和D-InSAR基本原理指出,当前D-InSAR矿区沉陷监测的难点为:1)不易采用同一传感器数据监测整个地表移动周期内的矿区沉陷;2)在低潜水位矿区,地表移动活跃期内最大变形梯度往往超过雷达临界探测梯度导致去相干;3)在高潜水位矿区,变形梯度大、沉陷积水区雷达回波信号弱,导致干涉测量结果不理想。因此,为了改善D-InSAR在矿区的沉陷监测中的应用效果,针对上述问题提出了相应的解决方案。最后,通过选择淮南矿区形变期内的两景数据,进行二轨差分干涉处理,获得了研究区域煤炭开采形成的地表沉降场,并分析了不可靠形变信息产生的原因。%Comprehensive characteristics of mining subsidence and the principle of D -InSAR, pointed out that the difficulty of D -InSAR subsidence monitoring in the mining area are for:1 ) it is hard to use the same sensor data for monitoring mining subsidence during the whole surface movement period;2) in the lower groundwater level , during the surface movement active period ,maximum deformation gradient often exceed radar critical detection gradient , that leads to loss of coherence;3) Mining area in high groundwater level, in addition to the deformation gradient is big problem , the situation in the subsidence water area without radar echo signal will induce the inefficiency of interferometry .In order to improve the application effect of D -InSAR in the mining area , aiming to the a-bove problem , put forward that corresponding solution .Finally by selecting two scene data covered the deformation period of in the Huainan mining area , carrying out two-track difference interference method , obtained surface subsidence field of the research area by coal mining , at the same time, analyzing the causes of the unreliable deformation information .

  11. Neuberger's double-pass algorithm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chiu, Ting-Wai; Hsieh, Tung-Han

    2003-12-01

    We analyze Neuberger’s double-pass algorithm for the matrix-vector multiplication R(H)ṡY [where R(H) is (n-1,n)th degree rational polynomial of positive definite operator H], and show that the number of floating-point operations is independent of the degree n, provided that the number of sites is much larger than the number of iterations in the conjugate gradient. This implies that the matrix-vector product (H)-1/2Y≃R(n-1,n)(H)ṡY can be approximated to very high precision with sufficiently large n, without noticeably extra costs. Further, we show that there exists a threshold nT such that the double-pass is faster than the single pass for n>nT, where nT≃12 25 for most platforms.

  12. 能耗实时监测的数据挖掘方法%A real-time monitoring method of energy consumption based on data mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卿晓霞; 肖丹; 王波

    2012-01-01

    A real-time monitoring method of energy consumption based on data mining techniques is proposed to compensate the deficiency of common energy consumption methods in real time and intelligence.The new method can identify energy consumption patterns by clustering analysis of historical energy consumption data,get the decision tree of energy consumption pattern by classifying the energy consumption data,match the real-time energy consumption data with the energy consumption patterns,make outlier analysis with historical data of the same pattern,and then determine whether the current energy consumption is abnormal.The experiment with energy consumption data from the comprehensive building proves that the new method is effective in detecting the abnormal data of energy consumption real-timely.%针对能耗监测常用的设定能耗阈值方法和基于历史数据的数据分析方法在实时性和智能性方面的不足,提出了一种基于数据挖掘技术的能耗实时监测方法。该方法通过对历史能耗数据进行聚类分析识别耗能体特有的能耗模式集合,对数据分类后获得能耗模式判定树,在能耗实时监测过程中对动态采集的能耗数据进行模式匹配,与相同模式历史数据进行离群点分析,可判别当前能耗是否异常。结合某综合大楼能耗数据进行了实验,验证了该方法及时发现能耗数据异常的有效性。

  13. Assessment of metal contamination in a small mining- and smelting-affected watershed: high resolution monitoring coupled with spatial analysis by GIS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coynel, Alexandra; Blanc, Gérard; Marache, Antoine; Schäfer, Jörg; Dabrin, Aymeric; Maneux, Eric; Bossy, Cécile; Masson, Matthieu; Lavaux, Gilbert

    2009-05-01

    The Riou Mort River watershed (SW France), representative of a heavily polluted, small, heterogeneous watershed, represents a major source for the polymetallic pollution of the Lot-Garonne-Gironde fluvial-estuarine system due to former mining and ore-treatment activities. In order to assess spatial distribution of the metal/metalloid contamination in the watershed, a high resolution hydrological and geochemical monitoring were performed during one year at four permanent observation stations. Additionally, thirty-five stream sediment samples were collected at representative key sites and analyzed for metal/metalloid (Cd, Zn, Cu, Pb, As, Sb, Mo, V, Cr, Co, Ni, Th, U and Hg) concentrations. The particulate concentrations in water and stream sediments show high spatial differences for most of the studied elements suggesting strong anthropogenic and/or lithogenic influences; for stream sediments, the sequence of the highest variability, ranging from 100% to 300%, is the following: Mo metalloid maps generated by GIS tool were used to establish relationships between elements, to identify metal/metalloid sources and localize geochemical anomalies attributed to local geochemical background, urban and industrial activities. Finally, this study presents an approach to assess anthropogenic trace metal inputs within this watershed by combining lithology-dependent geochemical background values, metal/metalloid concentrations in stream sediments and mass balances of element fluxes at four key sites. The strongest anthropogenic contributions to particulate element fluxes are 90-95% for Cd, Zn and Hg in downstream sub-catchments. The localisation of anthropogenic metal/metalloid sources in restricted areas offers a great opportunity to further significantly reduce metal emissions and restore the Lot-Garonne-Gironde fluvial-estuarine ecosystem.

  14. Comprehensive experiment and evaluation on safety due to fully-mechanized mining under the Xitian River at Linxin Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LAI Xing-ping; REN Fen-hua; CAI Mei-feng

    2004-01-01

    L3414 mechanized mining working face (No.14 coal seam) of Lingxin Mine is under the Xitian River. The mining disturbed zone where rock properties and conditions have been changed due to mining, the safety and environmental protection were concemed greatly. Based on engineering geological environment of L3414 working face and mining factors, the color bore-bole TV inspecting, leakage of drilling fluid monitoring,simulation experiment, numerical computing, in-situ ground stress measurement and subsidence measurement, etal, these programs contribute to the formation of a scientific basis for control water safe mining and normal mining or environmental protection in the condition of existing fully-mechanized mining.

  15. Backfilling technology and strata behaviors in fully mechanized coal mining working face

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Qiang; Zhang Jixiong; Huang Yanli; Ju Feng

    2012-01-01

    Based on the principle of fully mechanized backfilling and coal mining technology and combined with theXingtai Coal Mine conditions,we mainly optimized the coal mining equipment and adjusted the coal mining method in the Xingtai Coal Mine 7606 working face for implementation this technology,Firstly,we define the practical backfilling process as the "(from backfilling scraper conveyor's) head to tail backfilling,step by step swinging up of the tamping arm.gradual compacting,moving formed backfilling scraper conveyor when the second tamping arm cannot pass and connecting the immediate roof by back material push front material movement".Meanwhile,the stress changes of backfill body in coal mined out area was monitored by stress sensors,and the roof caving law was analyzed by monitoring the dynamic subsidence of -210 west roadway of this face.The site tests results show that using this new backfilling and coal mining integrated technology,the production capacity in the 7606 working face can reach to 283,000 ton a year,and 282,000 ton of solid materials (waste and fly ash) is backfilled,which meets the needs of high production and efficiency.The goaf was compactly backfilled with solid material and the strata behavior was quite desirable,with an actual maximum vertical stress of the backfill body of 5.5 MPa.Backfill body control the movement of overburden within a certain range,and there is no collapses of major areas in the overlying strata upon backfilled gob.The maximum subsidence and speed were 231 mm and 15.75 mm/d respectively,which proved the practical significance of this integrated technology.

  16. 多波束测深系统在河道采砂管理量化监测中的应用%Application of Multibeam Sounding System in the Quantitative Monitoring of River Sand Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩贤权; 周武; 梁俊; 谭勇

    2012-01-01

    Multibeam sounding system is a modem underwater detection technology which has been widely used in the fields of underwater detection. We present the working principle and characteristics of this system and introduce its application to the monitoring of river sand and gravel resources. We also discuss its techniques and data processing process, and calculate the quantity of river sand mining. Through case study in a sand mining segment in the Yangtze River basin, we demonstrated the effectiveness and reliability of applying this system to the quantitative monitoring of regional sand mining.%多波束测深系统是现代水下探测技术的研究热点,已广泛应用于水下检查的各个领域.介绍了其基本组成和特点,以多波束测深系统在河道砂石资源监测中的应用为研究对象,探讨了区域河段内采砂量监测的技术方法和数据处理过程.结果证明采用此项技术可以对河道砂石资源开采量进行监控,对采砂监管工作有一定的借鉴意义.

  17. 煤矿安全监测综合信息联网平台的设计及应用%Design of Integrated Information Networking Platform for Coal Mine Safety Monitoring and Its Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杜建平

    2011-01-01

    阐述了山西离柳焦煤集团有限公司安全监测综合信息联网平台的设计与应用情况.通过该平台,煤矿企业集团公司可对下属矿井所涉及的安全、生产、人员数据进行有效集成,达到在集团公司指挥中心实现远程监测、统一管理、集中调度的目标.文章对煤矿行业集团公司的信息化建设有很好的借鉴作用.%The paper described design and application status of integrated information networking platform for coal mine safety monitoring of Shanxi Liliu Coking Coal Group Co., Ltd.. Through the platform, coal enterprise group can effectively integrate data of mine security, production and personnel of affiliated mine and achieve the aim of remote monitoring, unitive management and integrated scheduling in command center of coal enterprise group. The paper provides some guidance for informatization construction of coal enterprise enterprise.

  18. Feasibility study: PASS computer environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1980-03-10

    The Policy Analysis Screening System (PASS) is a computerized information-retrieval system designed to provide analysts in the Department of Energy, Assistant Secretary for Environment, Office of Technology Impacts (DOE-ASEV-OTI) with automated access to articles, computer simulation outputs, energy-environmental statistics, and graphics. Although it is essential that PASS respond quickly to user queries, problems at the computer facility where it was originally installed seriously slowed PASS's operations. Users attempting to access the computer by telephone repeatedly encountered busy signals and, once logged on, experienced unsatisfactory delays in response to commands. Many of the problems stemmed from the system's facility manager having brought another large user onto the system shortly after PASS was implemented, thereby significantly oversubscribing the facility. Although in March 1980 Energy Information Administration (EIA) transferred operations to its own computer facility, OTI has expressed concern that any improvement in computer access time and response time may not be sufficient or permanent. Consequently, a study was undertaken to assess the current status of the system, to identify alternative computer environments, and to evaluate the feasibility of each alternative in terms of its cost and its ability to alleviate current problems.

  19. 矿山开发的水土环境效应遥感监测研究进展%Research Advances on Water and Soil Environment Effect of Mine Exploitation by Remote Sensing Monitoring

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘征; 赵旭阳; 党宏媛

    2012-01-01

    The mine exploitation leads to serious water and soil environmental problems.The water and soil environmental effect of mine exploitation includes water pollution and the change of hydrologic cycle and soil heavy metal pollution.Remote sensing plays an important role in water and soil environment effect monitoring of mineral development,due to the advantages of its real-time,efficiency,lager mount of data and wide range of observation.This paper reviews the research progress on the mine information extraction,soil heavy metal pollution and water pollution of mine exploitation by remote sensing monitoring method at home and abroad.It discusses the research field of scientific problems to be solved and the future research and development prospects,hoping to give some help to the theory on remote sensing monitoring on water and soil environment effect of mineral development and the control of water and soil pollution.The results show that during the mine exploitation,the acid mine waste water adsorbs heavy metal,further polluting the soil surface and water by migrating pollution.The mine exploitation changes the hydrologic characteristics of the basin of underlying surface.Using remote sensing technology to extract the mine exploitation has achieved good social effect.Future studies are needed to build a stable of data security.Further steps are needed to improve extraction method and precision of extraction in using high-resolution remote sensing image in mine information extraction.%矿山开发导致严重的水土环境污染.矿山开发的水土环境效应包括水质污染、水文循环改变和土壤重金属污染等方面.遥感以实时、高效、数据量大、观测范围广的优点,在矿山开发水土环境效应监测中发挥了重要的作用.笔者综述了矿山信息提取、土壤重金属污染和矿山开发水污染遥感监测方法国内外研究进展,讨论了该研究领域亟待解决的科学问题及今后

  20. Based on the game theory of coal mine monitoring network QoS routing algorithms%基于博弈论的井下监测网QoS路由算法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阴国富

    2011-01-01

    构建煤矿井下无线视频监控系统可有效弥补有线监控系统的不足,以无线多媒体传感器为网络节点设计了煤矿井下无线视频监控系统,针对传感器存在潜在的自私性特点,引入博弈理论思想,建立一种无线多媒体传感器网络QOS路由的博弈模型,并将其融入到路由协议中,提出了一种博弈路由协议,仿真实验表明能够有效均衡节点能量消耗,克服传感器自私性缺点,提高网络生命周期,加强煤矿井下视频监控的能力,对保证井下安全生产和抢险救灾具有重要作用。%Construct wireless video monitoring system coal mine underground cable monitoring system can effectively make up for the deficiency of the wireless sensor, muhimedia network node design for the wireless video monitoring system of coal mine underground, in view of the sensor of potential selfish sexual features, combined with the game theory, establish a wireless sensor network QoS routing multimedia game model, and the into routing protocol, a kind of game routing protocols is proposed, simulation results show that can effectively balance node energy consumption, overcome the sensor faults, improve the network selfish sex life cycle, strengthen the ability of the coal mine underground video monitoring, to ensure safety in production and underground emergency rescue and disaster relief has important role.

  1. Inductive Monitoring System (IMS)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — IMS: Inductive Monitoring System The Inductive Monitoring System (IMS) is a tool that uses a data mining technique called clustering to extract models of normal...

  2. Monitoring of ground movement in open pit iron mines of Carajás Province (Amazon region) based on A-DInSAR techniques using TerraSAR-X data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Guilherme Gregório; Mura, José Claudio; Paradella, Waldir Renato; Gama, Fabio Furlan; Temporim, Filipe Altoé

    2017-04-01

    Persistent scatterer interferometry (PSI) analysis of a large area is always a challenging task regarding the removal of the atmospheric phase component. This work presents an investigation of ground movement measurements based on a combination of differential SAR interferometry time-series (DTS) and PSI techniques, applied on a large area of extent with open pit iron mines located in Carajás (Brazilian Amazon Region), aiming at detecting linear and nonlinear ground movement. These mines have presented a history of instability, and surface monitoring measurements over sectors of the mines (pit walls) have been carried out based on ground-based radar and total station (prisms). Using a priori information regarding the topographic phase error and a phase displacement model derived from DTS, temporal phase unwrapping in the PSI processing and the removal of the atmospheric phases can be performed more efficiently. A set of 33 TerraSAR-X (TSX-1) images, acquired during the period from March 2012 to April 2013, was used to perform this investigation. The DTS analysis was carried out on a stack of multilook unwrapped interferograms using an extension of SVD to obtain the least-square solution. The height errors and deformation rates provided by the DTS approach were subtracted from the stack of interferograms to perform the PSI analysis. This procedure improved the capability of the PSI analysis for detecting high rates of deformation, as well as increased the numbers of point density of the final results. The proposed methodology showed good results for monitoring surface displacement in a large mining area, which is located in a rain forest environment, providing very useful information about the ground movement for planning and risk control.

  3. Monitoring of surface movement in a large area of the open pit iron mines (Carajás, Brazil) based on A-DInSAR techniques using TerraSAR-X data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mura, José C.; Paradella, Waldir R.; Gama, Fabio F.; Silva, Guilherme G.

    2016-10-01

    PSI (Persistent Scatterer Interferometry) analysis of large area is always a challenging task regarding the removal of the atmospheric phase component. This work presents an investigation of ground deformation measurements based on a combination of DInSAR Time-Series (DTS) and PSI techniques, applied in a large area of open pit iron mines located in Carajás (Brazilian Amazon Region), aiming at detect high rates of linear and nonlinear ground deformation. These mines have presented a historical of instability and surface monitoring measurements over sectors of the mines (pit walls) have been carried out based on ground based radar and total station (prisms). By using a priori information regarding the topographic phase error and phase displacement model derived from DTS, temporal phase unwrapping in the PSI processing and the removal of the atmospheric phases can be performed more efficiently. A set of 33 TerraSAR-X-1 images, acquired during the period from March 2012 to April 2013, was used to perform this investigation. The DTS analysis was carried out on a stack of multi-look unwrapped interferogram using an extension of SVD to obtain the Least-Square solution. The height errors and deformation rates provided by the DTS approach were subtracted from the stack of interferogram to perform the PSI analysis. This procedure improved the capability of the PSI analysis to detect high rates of deformation as well as increased the numbers of point density of the final results. The proposed methodology showed good results for monitoring surface displacement in a large mining area, which is located in a rain forest environment, providing very useful information about the ground movement for planning and risks control.

  4. 远程技术在多通道微震监测中的应用研究%Study on Remote Technology Applied to Multi- channel Microseism Monitoring in Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林峰; 胡静云; 李庶林

    2011-01-01

    In view of the actual need of all - digital type multichannel microseism monitoring system in Shizhuyuan poly - metallic mine, remote technology based on internet has been used to implement the remote monitoring and locating of micro - seismic events, the remote analysis of statements, the remote transfer of data as well as the remote fault diagnosis of the monitoring system.%结合柿竹园矿全数字型多通道微震监测系统的实际需要,选择基于因特网的远程技术,实现了对微震监测系统进行远程事件监控、定位处理、报表分析、数据传输以及系统故障诊断等操作.

  5. Production Environment Monitoring System of Underground Coal Mine Based on WiFi%基于WiFi的煤矿井下生产环境监测系统

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王桃; 卢才武; 冯治东

    2012-01-01

    In view of the problems and the insufficiency existed in present production environment monitoring systems of underground coal mine,according to company status and the actual demand,using C# language and the advantage of WiFi wireless communication technology and wireless sensor network,a production environment monitoring system is de-signed ,which combines underground equipment orientation,production environment monitoring system with emergency rescuing. The system can not only meet the needs of efficient management in mine,and also realize the real-time display and early warning of every site environment parameter monitored underground coal mine and host computers. It provides strong safeguard for the security of equipment performance,personnel efficient work and life safety. Applications show that the system has stable performance,reliable technology and simple using method. And it can satisfy the practical needs of production monitoring in the current coal mine.%通过分析现有井下生产环境监测系统的问题和不足,针对榆林神华能源有限责任公司现状和实际需求,采用C#语言并结合WiFi无线通信技术和无线传感器网络优势,设计了集煤矿井下设备定位、生产环境监测及应急救援于一体的煤矿井下生产环境监测系统.该系统的实施,不仅可以满足矿区高效管理的需要,而且还实现了实时监测煤矿井下现场各环境参数、上位机实时显示预警,为设备高效工作及人员生命安全提供了有力保障.应用测试表明,该系统性能稳定、技术可靠且使用便捷,能满足当前煤矿井下生产监控的实际需要.

  6. Supercomputing "Grid" passes latest test

    CERN Multimedia

    Dumé, Belle

    2005-01-01

    When the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) comes online at the CERN in 2007, it will produce more data than any other experiment in the history of physics. Particle physicists have now passed another milestone in their preparations for the LHC by sustaining a continuous flow of 600 megabytes of dat per second (MB/s) for 10 days from the Geneva laboratory to seven sites in Europe and the US (1/2 page)

  7. 27 CFR 9.88 - Pacheco Pass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 27 Alcohol, Tobacco Products and Firearms 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Pacheco Pass. 9.88 Section... Pass. (a) Name. The name of the viticultural area described in this section is “Pacheco Pass.” (b) Approved maps. The appropriate maps for determining the boundaries of Pacheco Pass viticultural area...

  8. Design and Implementation of Coal-Mine Monitoring System Based on Zigbee Wireless Sensor Network%基于Zigbee无线传感器网络的煤矿监控系统设计与实现

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马建云; 袁斌斌; 赵彬; 郝尊瑞

    2012-01-01

    Zigbee作为新兴的无线通信技术,以其低成本、低功耗、自组织等特点,广泛应用于智能家居、安全监控等领域.设计了一种基于Zigbee无线传感器网络和Web Server的煤矿生产综合监控系统,具有井下环境监测、人员定位、实时短消息和语音通信以及设备远程控制等功能.%Zigbee is a new wireless communication technology. It has many advantages, such as low cost, low power and Ad-hoc network. Zigbee network has been widely applied in smart home, security monitoring and other fields. A new coal-mine monitoring system based on Zigbee wireless sensor network and Web server is designed. It has many functions such as security monitoring for underground coal-mine environment, miner positioning, real-time short message and audio communication and remote control.

  9. Use of a New Simltaneous Absorbance-Fluorescene Instrument to Monitor Hydraluic Fracture Mining Waste Water to Prevent Drinking Water Contamination

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gilmore, A. M.

    2013-05-01

    Recently, the issue of waste water effuse from oil and gas mining, especially that including hydraulic fracturing, has resurfaced on the news and the political atmosphere as an area of concern. One of the key concerns is drinking water contamination from the hydraulic fracturing chemicals and chemicals contained in the water introduced into the well at high-pressure and the flowback and produced water associate with the petroleum product extraction. The key to successfully meeting drinking water safety requirements lies in the drinking water treatment plant's ability to deal with often dramatic source-water variations in natural organic matter (NOM) content that can react during disinfection with high levels of chloride and bromide found in hydraulic facture waste water to form toxc disinfection by-products (DBPs). Importantly, the brominated DBP species are particularly dangerous. Whereas the regulated levels of NOM can roughly determined by measuring total organic carbon (TOC), often this parameter does not provide rapid or cost-effective qualitative or quantitative assessment of the various humic, fulvic and other aromatic NOM components associated with DBP formation. However, two main optical techniques namely UV absorbance and fluorescence excitation-emission mapping can be used for rapid assessment with precise identification of humic and fulvic components that cause DBPs. This study presents data from a new type of instrument which simultaneously measures the UV-VIS absorbance spectrum and EEM. The rapid absorbance-EEM is facilitated by a single system that is more than 100 time faster than conventional scanning absorbance and fluorescence optical benches. The new system can continuously collect EEMs and absorbance spectra at a rate often greater than 1 per min with the extra capacity to monitor the UV254 absorbance and fluorescence emission spectrum excited at 254 nm in 4 ms intervals (an equivalent scan rate of 5.5 million nm/min). The EEM spectral data is

  10. Network Multifunctional Substation with Embedded System in Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    MENG Fan-rong; HUO Yan; ZHOU Yong

    2006-01-01

    In order to solve the problems of mining monitor and control systems during the construction process of digital mining combined with network and embedded technologies, the kernel access equipment of a mining monitor and control system was proposed and designed. It is the architecture of a mining embedded network multifunctional substation. This paper presents the design of hardware and software of the substation in detail. Finally, the system's efficiency was validated through experimentation.

  11. 基于数据挖掘技术的掘进机工况监测数据分析系统%Data Analysis System of Roadheader Status Monitoring Based on Data Mining Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王德光

    2011-01-01

    A data analysis system of roadheader status monitoring was built by use of data mining technology. The system collects status parameters of mechanism system, hydraulic pressure system,electrical system and transmission system of roadheader through data collection system of roadheader status monitoring, sends the parameters to data analysis platform of roadheader status monitoring through Internet, and mines and analyzes the parameters by use of data mining technology on the data analysis platform. The system can realize functions of remote maintenance and fast fault location and processing,and updates analyzing experience base of working status data of roadheader, which provides knowledge experience support for fault processing of roadheader.%应用数据挖掘技术构建了一套掘进机工况监测数据分析系统.该系统通过掘进机工况监测数据采集系统采集掘进机机械系统、液压系统、电气系统、传动系统的工况参数,并将这些参数通过互联网发送到掘进机工况监测数据分析平台,在该平台上应用数据挖掘技术分析、挖掘掘进机工况参数,实现掘进机的远程维护和快速故障定位及故障处理,并对掘进机工况运行数据分析经验库进行学习更新,为掘进机故障处理提供知识经验支持.

  12. Coal Mines Security System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ankita Guhe

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Geological circumstances of mine seem to be extremely complicated and there are many hidden troubles. Coal is wrongly lifted by the musclemen from coal stocks, coal washeries, coal transfer and loading points and also in the transport routes by malfunctioning the weighing of trucks. CIL —Coal India Ltd is under the control of mafia and a large number of irregularities can be contributed to coal mafia. An Intelligent Coal Mine Security System using data acquisition method utilizes sensor, automatic detection, communication and microcontroller technologies, to realize the operational parameters of the mining area. The data acquisition terminal take the PIC 16F877A chip integrated circuit as a core for sensing the data, which carries on the communication through the RS232 interface with the main control machine, which has realized the intelligent monitoring. Data management system uses EEPROM chip as a Black box to store data permanently and also use CCTV camera for recording internal situation. The system implements the real-time monitoring and displaying for data undermine, query, deletion and maintenance of history data, graphic statistic, report printing, expert diagnosis and decision-making support. The Research, development and Promote Application will provide the safeguard regarding the mine pit control in accuracy, real-time capacity and has high reliability.

  13. Third symposium on underground mining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    1977-01-01

    The Third Symposium on Underground Mining was held at the Kentucky Fair and Exposition Center, Louisville, KY, October 18--20, 1977. Thirty-one papers have been entered individually into EDB and ERA. The topics covered include mining system (longwall, shortwall, room and pillar, etc.), mining equipment (continuous miners, longwall equipment, supports, roof bolters, shaft excavation equipment, monitoring and control systems. Maintenance and rebuilding facilities, lighting systems, etc.), ventilation, noise abatement, economics, accidents (cost), dust control and on-line computer systems. (LTN)

  14. Process mining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.

    2010-01-01

    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...

  15. The assessment of mine rebound and decanting in deeper coal mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vermeulen, P.D.; Dennis, I. [Inst. for Groundwater Studies, Bloemfontein (South Africa)

    2010-07-01

    This groundwater and monitoring study of 7 interlinked deep coal collieries in South Africa was conducted to develop analytical and numerical decant models of individual collieries suitable for integration into a single large model. The model will be used to prevent acid mine drainage after mining activities have stopped. The models considered interconnectivity between the mines, the geology of the overburden, the type of mining conducted at each mine, the topography and depth of the mining activities, and the piezometric levels of the mines and involved aquifers. The overburden formations in the studied region consisted of sandstone, shale, interbedded siltstone, mudstone and coal seams. Removal of the coal seams has resulted in the caving of the overlying strata into mined voids. The mining disruptions have resulted in subsidence and recharges of between 5 and 7 percent. The conceptual decant model predicted that piezometric levels of the mine will rise with the storage coefficient value of the mine. The flux from the overlying aquifers will decrease as water levels even out. Any polluted water will need to overcome 4 bar of pressure to to decant. Excess water above the weathered zone in the mines will seep out as normal unpolluted springs at lower points. Results of the numerical modelling study showed that it is unlikely that the collieries will decant, as the piezometric level of the mines will rise with the storage coefficient value of the mine. 5 refs., 4 figs.

  16. Data Mining Twitter for Science Applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teng, W. L.; Albayrak, A.; Huffman, G. J.

    2016-12-01

    The Twitter social microblogging database, which recently passed its tenth anniversary, is potentially a rich source of real-time and historical global information for science applications (beyond the by-now fairly familiar use of Twitter for natural hazards monitoring). Over the past several years, we have been exploring the feasibility of extracting from the Twitter data stream useful information for application to NASA precipitation research, with both "passive" and "active" participation by the twitterers. In the passive case, we have experimented with listening to the Twitter stream in real time for "precipitation" and related tweets (in different languages), applying basic filters for exact phrases, extracting location information, and mapping the resulting tweet distributions. In the active case, we have conducted preliminary experiments to evaluate different methods of engaging with potential participants. The time-varying set of "precipitation" tweets can be thought of as an organic network of rain gauges, potentially providing a widespread view of precipitation occurrence. The validation of satellite precipitation estimates is challenging, because many regions lack data or access to data, especially outside of the U.S. and in remote and developing areas. Mining the Twitter stream could augment these validation programs and, potentially, help tune existing algorithms. Though exploratory, our efforts thus far could significantly extend the application realm of Twitter, as a platform for citizen science, beyond natural hazards monitoring to science applications.

  17. Social big data mining

    CERN Document Server

    Ishikawa, Hiroshi

    2015-01-01

    Social Media. Big Data and Social Data. Hypotheses in the Era of Big Data. Social Big Data Applications. Basic Concepts in Data Mining. Association Rule Mining. Clustering. Classification. Prediction. Web Structure Mining. Web Content Mining. Web Access Log Mining, Information Extraction and Deep Web Mining. Media Mining. Scalability and Outlier Detection.

  18. Electrodialytic remediation of suspended mine tailings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Henrik K.; Rojo, Adrian; Pino, Denisse;

    2008-01-01

    This work shows the laboratory results of nine electrodialytic remediation experiments on copper mine tailings. A newly designed remediation cell, where the solids were kept in suspension by airflow, was tested. The results show that electric current could remove copper from suspended tailings...... experiment at 40 mA, with approximately 137.5 g mine tailings on dry basis. The removal for a static (baseline) experiment only amounted 15% when passing approximately the same amount of charge through 130 g of mine tailings. The use of air bubbling to keep the tailings suspended increased the removal...

  19. Mianning RE Mining Society Performing RE Concentrates Protective Prices

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Some factors such as continuous price falling of rare earth concentrates, increase in production cost and increasing investment in safety and environmental protection prevented the development of mining industry. To safeguard the interests of mining companies and facilitate the healthy development of rare earth industry, RE Mining Society of Mianning County held a general meeting recently. Following resolutions were passed on July 13th: 1.Since July 14th 2005, the lowest protective market prices of rare ear...

  20. Acoustic emission monitoring in Cooke 4 gold mine in South Africa -summary of the main findings of a 5-year SATREPS project-

    Science.gov (United States)

    Naoi, M.; Nakatani, M.; Moriya, H.; Otsuki, K.; Kgarume, T.; Philipp, J.; Murakami, O.; Masakale, T.; Ribeiro, L.; Yabe, Y.; Kawakata, H.; Ward, A.; Durrheim, R.; Ogasawara, H.

    2015-12-01

    We deployed a network targeting acoustic emissions (AEs) down to Mw~ -5 at 1-km depth in the Cooke 4 mine in South Africa as a part of a 5-year project called "Observational Studies in South African Mines to Mitigate Seismic Risks." This network of 30 sensors spans ~100 m, and collected waveform data for more than 4.5-million triggers in 5 years. We provide an overview of the main findings. 1) Naoi et al. (2015; Pageoph) reported that 90% of observed AEs aggregated along the advancing mining front. Their size distribution obeyed the Gutenberg-Richter law down to Mw -4, and their b-values were invariant with time from blasting, contradicting a previous study. 2) Moriya et al. (under review) showed that this AE aggregation consists of several tabular clusters, which were formed regularly as the mining front advanced. Although large earthquakes (Mw > 1) were not found, the clusters likely represent the preparation process of large shear fracture events because their geometry resembles large shear fractures, known by in-situ wall-rock observation, which formed concurrently with large seismic events. 3) Naoi et al. (2015; Tectonophysics) reported that the remaining 10% of AEs exhibit very sharp, planar distributions, with high b-values. They are likely events located on pre-existing geological faults loaded by mining-induced stresses. Such on-fault events are rare for intraplate faults, where microseismic events generally occur in the surrounding region. 4) Naoi et al. (2015; JGR) found planar clusters that newly emerged ahead of a mining front and gradually expanded to 20 m. They likely represent the evolution of a slow-slip patch on a pre-existing fault. The b-value of those AEs decreased drastically from 2.5 to 1.5, consistent with stress buildup by the approaching mining front. This project is supported by JST/JICA, SATREPS, JSPS KAKENHI Grant Numbers 21224012, 21246134, 26249137, 26887022, and MEXT's Earthquake and Volcano Hazards Observation and Research Program.

  1. ON MINING ENTREPRENEURSHIP IN BANOVINA REGION (CROATIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berislav Šebečić

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available Mining activities in exploitation of iron, copper, and lead (-silver ores in Trgovska gora Mountain had been developed back in Illyrian and Roman times as well as in the Middle Ages and recent times whereas in Petrova gora Mountain exploitation of iron oreš and coal developed as late as in 19 and 20 centuries. In the Middle Ages and more recent times, Croatian nobility (counts of Zrinski and Keglević and later on also the foreign nobility or foreign and domestic mining associations were given mining concessions.The mining enterprise in the Banovina Region passed to different owners and managers from mid —19 century to mid — 20 century. During the Austro-Hungarian rule the main mining concession was owned by »Gewerkschaft der Eisenbergwerke und Huttenwerke Petrova gora zu Topusko« or its shorter version »Petrova gora Gewerkschaft«. The major mining entrepreneurs on the Trgovska gora Mountain at Bešlinac were Desire Gilain, Joseph Steinauer and Alois Frohm. After the World War I and confiscation of properties of foreign mining associations and entrepreneurs, there were constituted and bankrupted rather quickly the Petrova gora Association of Mines and Foundry at Topusko, the Slavenska Bank Zagreb (until 1923, as well as the Iron Mine and Foundry Inc. at Topusko. After the bancruptey of National Industrial Enterprise Zagreb (1929, the Mining Association and (Iron Foundry was founded at Bešlinac (1934. In the region of Banovina there were operating also: the Kupa-Glina Mining Association (active also during the Austro-Hungarian rule, Mineral Mining Association from Topusko, as vvell as the Iron Mine and Foundry Topusko-Vojnić Headquarters. All the mentioned associations and entrepreneurs were confiscated by the Federal People's Republic of Yugoslavia in 1946.

  2. Application of Ultra-wideband Technology in Mine Rescue Communication Monitoring System%超宽带技术在矿井救援通信监测系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张传锴; 李玉良; 刘井元

    2012-01-01

    The paper put forward a design scheme of the mine rescue communication monitoring system based on the ultra-wideband(UWB) technology,and introduced the characteristics of the UWB technology and the general structure principle of the system and the technological implementation method of each part.This system realized the interactive multimedia communication and the real-time monitoring of underground environmental parameters among the disaster area site,underground coal mine rescue base and the ground command center.%提出了一种基于超宽带(UWB)技术的矿山救援通信监测系统设计方案,介绍了超宽带(UWB)技术的特点,阐述了系统的总体结构原理和各个部分的技术实现方法。实现了救灾现场、井下救援基地、地面指挥中心三者之间交互式的多媒体通信和井下环境参数的实时监测。

  3. 基于LabView的煤矿突水监测系统数据处理系统的设计%Design of Data Processing System of Water Inrush Monitoring System of Coal Mine Based on LabView

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范烨; 崔建明

    2012-01-01

    Using G graphical programming language and data flow writing programs, LabView is intuitive and visual. In this paper, LabView development module is used to develop human-computer interface of mining water inrush monitoring system. Data storage, analysis, processing and graphics display is achieved by LabView, so as to realize real-time condition monitoring, fault diagnosing and timely alarming about coal mine water bursting situation.%LabView使用图形化编程语言G编写程序,采用数据流编程方式,具有直观、形象的特点。本文运用LabView开发模块对煤矿突水监测系统进行人机界面的开发。由LabView实现上位机的数据存储、分析、处理、图表显示等功能,从而达到对煤矿突水情况的实时状态监测、故障诊断和及时报警。

  4. Design and application of teaching quality monitoring and evaluation system based on data mining%基于数据挖掘的高职教学质量监控评价系统设计及应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任锁平

    2015-01-01

    Articles for evaluation of higher vocational teaching quality monitoring system requirement analysis, function analysis, structure design and database design is analyzed in four aspects such as design, with data mining technology in data mining application in the evaluation system of higher vocational teaching quality monitoring analysis, help education managers make the correct analysis and decision-making, promote the modernization of higher vocational education.%文章对高职教学质量监控评价系统进行了需求分析、功能分析、结构设计及数据库设计等4个方面进行分析设计,以数据挖掘技术在高职教学质量监控评价系统中数据挖掘运用进行分析,帮助教育管理者做出正确的分析和决策,促进高等职业教育实现现代化。

  5. China’s second largest platinumpalladium mine drawing up its curtain for exploitation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    <正>Recently,Jinbaoshan platinum-palladium mine in Midu County,Yunnan passed the expert evaluation.As a polymetallic deposit,the mine has 45 tons(metal content)platinum-palladium reserves with the grade at 1.48g/ton,making it China’s second largest platinum-palladium mine with prospected reserves and comprehen-

  6. Single pass kernel -means clustering method

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    T Hitendra Sarma; P Viswanath; B Eswara Reddy

    2013-06-01

    In unsupervised classification, kernel -means clustering method has been shown to perform better than conventional -means clustering method in identifying non-isotropic clusters in a data set. The space and time requirements of this method are $O(n^2)$, where is the data set size. Because of this quadratic time complexity, the kernel -means method is not applicable to work with large data sets. The paper proposes a simple and faster version of the kernel -means clustering method, called single pass kernel k-means clustering method. The proposed method works as follows. First, a random sample $\\mathcal{S}$ is selected from the data set $\\mathcal{D}$. A partition $\\Pi_{\\mathcal{S}}$ is obtained by applying the conventional kernel -means method on the random sample $\\mathcal{S}$. The novelty of the paper is, for each cluster in $\\Pi_{\\mathcal{S}}$, the exact cluster center in the input space is obtained using the gradient descent approach. Finally, each unsampled pattern is assigned to its closest exact cluster center to get a partition of the entire data set. The proposed method needs to scan the data set only once and it is much faster than the conventional kernel -means method. The time complexity of this method is $O(s^2+t+nk)$ where is the size of the random sample $\\mathcal{S}$, is the number of clusters required, and is the time taken by the gradient descent method (to find exact cluster centers). The space complexity of the method is $O(s^2)$. The proposed method can be easily implemented and is suitable for large data sets, like those in data mining applications. Experimental results show that, with a small loss of quality, the proposed method can significantly reduce the time taken than the conventional kernel -means clustering method. The proposed method is also compared with other recent similar methods.

  7. 78 FR 62344 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction Expansion, LLC, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC, and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-18

    ... Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Cheniere Creole Trail Pipeline, L.P.; Notice of Application Take notice that on... LNG, L.P. (collectively referred to as Sabine Pass) filed with the Federal Energy Regulatory..., construct, and operate additional liquefied natural gas (LNG) export facilities at the Sabine Pass...

  8. Monitoring, field experiments, and geochemical modeling of Fe(II) oxidation kinetics in a stream dominated by net-alkaline coal-mine drainage, Pennsylvania, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cravotta, Charles A.

    2015-01-01

    Watershed-scale monitoring, field aeration experiments, and geochemical equilibrium and kinetic modeling were conducted to evaluate interdependent changes in pH, dissolved CO2, O2, and Fe(II) concentrations that typically take place downstream of net-alkaline, circumneutral coal-mine drainage (CMD) outfalls and during aerobic treatment of such CMD. The kinetic modeling approach, using PHREEQC, accurately simulates observed variations in pH, Fe(II) oxidation, alkalinity consumption, and associated dissolved gas concentrations during transport downstream of the CMD outfalls (natural attenuation) and during 6-h batch aeration tests on the CMD using bubble diffusers (enhanced attenuation). The batch aeration experiments demonstrated that aeration promoted CO2 outgassing, thereby increasing pH and the rate of Fe(II) oxidation. The rate of Fe(II) oxidation was accurately estimated by the abiotic homogeneous oxidation rate law −d[Fe(II)]/dt = k1·[O2]·[H+]−2·[Fe(II)] that indicates an increase in pH by 1 unit at pH 5–8 and at constant dissolved O2 (DO) concentration results in a 100-fold increase in the rate of Fe(II) oxidation. Adjusting for sample temperature, a narrow range of values for the apparent homogeneous Fe(II) oxidation rate constant (k1′) of 0.5–1.7 times the reference value of k1 = 3 × 10−12 mol/L/min (for pH 5–8 and 20 °C), reported by Stumm and Morgan (1996), was indicated by the calibrated models for the 5-km stream reach below the CMD outfalls and the aerated CMD. The rates of CO2 outgassing and O2ingassing in the model were estimated with first-order asymptotic functions, whereby the driving force is the gradient of the dissolved gas concentration relative to equilibrium with the ambient atmosphere. Although the progressive increase in DO concentration to saturation could be accurately modeled as a kinetic function for the conditions evaluated, the simulation of DO as an instantaneous equilibrium process did not affect the

  9. Analysis of blasting damage in adjacent mining excavations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nick Yugo

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Following a small-scale wedge failure at Yukon Zinc's Wolverine Mine in Yukon, Canada, a vibration monitoring program was added to the existing rockbolt pull testing regime. The failure in the 1150 drift occurred after numerous successive blasts in an adjacent tunnel had loosened friction bolts passing through an unmapped fault. Analysis of blasting vibration revealed that support integrity is not compromised unless there is a geological structure to act as a failure plane. The peak particle velocity (PPV rarely exceeded 250 mm/s with a frequency larger than 50 Hz. As expected, blasting more competent rock resulted in higher PPVs. In such cases, reducing the round length from 3.5 m to 2.0 m was an effective means of limiting potential rock mass and support damage.

  10. WebPASS ICASS (HR Personnel Management)

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Agency for International Development — WebPASS Joint Administrative Support Platforms Post Administrative Software Suite - U.S. Department of State Executive Officers application suite. Web.PASS is the...

  11. When you pass your due date

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... medlineplus.gov/ency/patientinstructions/000515.htm When you pass your due date To use the sharing features ... link between you and your baby. As you pass your due date, the placenta may not work ...

  12. Senate passes clean air bill

    Science.gov (United States)

    In an 89 to 11 vote the Senate passed a clean air bill aimed at reducing pollution by the turn of the century by imposing tougher controls on American industry. The bill is the first revision of the Clean Air Act of 1970 in 13 years and calls for new limits on auto pollution to clean up smog in most U.S. cities, decreasing by half emissions by power plants that cause acid rain to protect the ecology, and increasing technological controls on factories to protect against cancer-causing and toxic substances. The bill will add about $20 billion per year to the estimated $33 billion cost of complying with current pollution laws.

  13. 基于物联网的矿山环境在线实时监测系统研究与实现%System's Research and Implementation of Mine Environment Real-time online Monitoring Based on M2M

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王继水; 曹帅

    2012-01-01

    For the mine' s actual demand, to apply of M2M achieve real -time online monitoring of mine environment. To establishment of a wireless sensor network, by the GSM or Wifi technology accessing Internet, making the data of mining environmen automatically collecte, build a real-time monitoring of mine environment online network. By research the Zigbee technology combined with environmental monitoring sensor technology , to achieve real-time online monitoring of mine' s overall environment. The system has been put into practical application, with good promotion prospects.%针对矿山实际需求情况,应用物联网技术,实现矿山环境的在线实时监测;建立一个无线传感网络,通过GSM、Wifi接人Internet,实现自动采集矿山环境数据,构建一个矿山环境在线实时监测网络;对Zigbee技术与环境检测传感器相结合应用技术进行研究,实现矿山整体环境实时在线监测,并已投入实际应用,具有很好的推广应用前景.

  14. Monitoring and Prediction of Mining Subsidence based on D-InSAR and Gray Verhulst Model%基于D-InSAR技术和灰色Verhulst模型的矿区沉降监测与预计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨俊凯; 范洪冬; 赵伟颖; 冯军

    2015-01-01

    针对在地形复杂的矿区沉降观测资料不易获取的问题,将合成孔径雷达差分干涉技术( D-InSAR)与灰色Verhulst模型相结合,提出了一种矿山开采沉陷监测和预计方法。该方法首先对覆盖大柳塔煤矿某工作面的12景TerraSAR-X雷达数据进行D-InSAR处理,获取观测站沉降值;然后根据沉降量与时间的关系建立了基于灰色Ver-hulst模型的预测函数,对开采沉陷发展规律进行分析。试验结果表明:3个测试点D-InSAR监测数据的绝对和相对误差分别为2.8~15 mm,0.9%~6%;结合灰色Verhulst模型预测的绝对和相对误差分别为3.4~18.8 mm,1.2%~5.7%。上述研究结果进一步表明,所提出的方法可有效弥补矿区沉降实测数据的不足,为实现矿区开采沉陷监测和预计的一体化软件设计提供参考。%It is not easy to obtain the observation data of mining subsidence of the mining area with complex terrain. In order to solve the problem,a new mining subsidence monitoring and prediction method based on the combination of synthetic aperture radar differential interferometry( D-InSAR) technique and grey Verhulst model is proposed. Firstly,the 12 Terra SAR-X images that covered the experimental areas in the one working face of Daliuta coal mine are processed by using D-InSAR technique to obtain the subsidence values of observation stations. Secondly,the prediction function of grey Verhulst model is es-tablished based on the relationship of subsidence value and time to analyze the development law of mining subsidence. The ex-perimental results show that,the absolute and the relative errors of D-InSAR monitoring values for three points are varied from 2. 8 to 15 mm,and 0. 9% to 6% respectively;The absolute error and relative error in prediction based on the grey Verhulst model Combined with D-InSAR technique are varied from 3. 4 to 18. 8 mm,and from 1. 2% to 5. 7% respectively. The experi-mental results above further indicate that, the

  15. The eel ladders of the double slot pass Geesthacht; Aalleitern am Doppelschlitzpass Geesthacht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Adam, Beate [Institut fuer angewandte Oekologie, Kirtorf-Wahlen (Germany); Neumann, Christof [Knabe Enders Duehrkop Ingenieure GmbH, Hamburg (Germany)

    2012-07-01

    To facilitate the upstream migration of glass eels, four eel ladders were installed within and next to the fish pass at the Geesthacht dam. Similar to other fish pass construction types it was necessary to ensure that the ladders could be both detected and passed by the juvenile eels. A custom built monitoring station will be used to guarantee the correct functioning of the eel ladders and subsequently document the eel migration from the beginning of the next season. (orig.)

  16. Gaseous Mercury Monitoring at a Complex Source: The Las Cuevas Decommissioned Mining Complex and Current Hg Storage Facility (Almadén District, Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Higueras, P. L.; Esbri, J. M.; Llanos, W. R.; Oyarzun, R.; Martinez-Coronado, A.; Grupo de Estudios En Minería Y Medioambiente-Gemm

    2010-12-01

    The Las Cuevas decommissioned mining complex was the third in importance in the world’s largest mercury mining district: Almadén (south-central Spain). Mining took place during two well differentiated periods: 1. Roman time; and 2. From 1982 to 2000. In 2004 the mine was transformed into a mercury storage and handling facility, away from urban areas. Furthermore, the area served as a test site for the design and implementation of a mercury safe storage vessel, a study funded by European LIFE-Env programme (Project MERSADE, LIFE06 ENV/ES/PREP/03) (Llanos et al., 2010). On this basis, Las Cuevas site can be regarded as a complex source of atmospheric mercury for the local environmental compartments, including emissions from the plant activity, partly reclamated old mineral dumps, contaminated soils, and other minor sources, such as cavities produced by mine collapse. We studied the emissions with two LUMEX RA-915+ Hg analyzers, one LUMEX RA-915Light device and a complete TEKRAN equipment, including Mercury Speciation Unit (model 1130) and Particulate Mercury Unit (Model 1135). Data has been treated with ISC-AERMOD program, in order to obtain models for contamination plumes derived from Las Cuevas whole area. The results confirm the mercury storage facility as the main local source for mercury, releasing some 3,15 kg Hg y-1, whereas contaminated soils and reclamated dumps represent local minor sources. Over 99,9% of local atmospheric mercury is Gaseous Elemental Mercury, with Reactive Gaseous Mercury representing 0,25 per mil, and particulate bound mercury, 1,8 per mil. Citation: Llanos, W.; Higueras, P.; Oyarzun, R.; Esbrí, J.M.; López-Berdonces, M.A.; García-Noguero, E.M.; Martínez-Coronado, A. (2010) A preliminary environmental assessment at the site of the European prototype installation of a safe deposit for surplus mercury from industry: The Las Cuevas mining complex, Almadén District, Spain. Science of the Total Environment, 408: 4901-4905.

  17. A Fast Algorithm for Mining Sequential Patterns from Large Databases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Ning; CHEN An; ZHOU Longxiang; LIU Lu

    2001-01-01

    Mining sequential patterns from large databases has been recognized by many researchers as an attractive task of data mining and knowledge discovery. Previous algorithms scan the databases for many times, which is often unendurable due to the very large amount of databases. In this paper, the authors introduce an effective algorithm for mining sequential patterns from large databases.In the algorithm, the original database is not used at all for counting the support of sequences after the first pass. Rather, a tidlist structure generated in the previous pass is employed for the purpose based on set intersection operations, avoiding the multiple scans of the databases.

  18. Precision Assembly of Systems on Surfaces (PASS)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-06

    Precision Assembly of Systems on Surfaces ( PASS ) This program was directed at generating functionalized surfaces and assemblies for electronic and...journals: Number of Papers published in non peer-reviewed journals: Final Report: Precision Assembly of Systems on Surfaces ( PASS ) Report Title This...PRECISION ASSEMBLY OF SYSTEMS ON SURFACES ( PASS ) PI: Timothy M. Swager Massachusetts Institute of Technology Final Report: DARPA, Defense

  19. 33 CFR 117.311 - New Pass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false New Pass. 117.311 Section 117.311... REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.311 New Pass. The drawspan for the State Road 789 Drawbridge... must be passed at anytime....

  20. Surface Mines, Other - Longwall Mining Panels

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC Education | GIS Inventory — Coal mining has occurred in Pennsylvania for over a century. A method of coal mining known as Longwall Mining has become more prevalent in recent decades. Longwall...

  1. Coal Mines, Active - Longwall Mining Panels

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Coal mining has occurred in Pennsylvania for over a century. A method of coal mining known as Longwall Mining has become more prevalent in recent decades. Longwall...

  2. 矿用束管监测系统工作站的分析比较与发展趋势%Analysis and Comparision of Workstation of Monitoring System of Mine-used Beam Tube and Its Development Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房文杰; 李长录

    2012-01-01

    介绍了矿用束管监测系统工作站的作用和功能;从硬件控制及辅助软件两个方面对气相色谱仪型束管监测系统工作站与组合型束管监测系统工作站进行了分析比较,得出了气相色谱仪型束管监测系统工作站功能较多、集成化程度较高、使用方便的结论;指出了束管监测系统工作站的发展趋势.%The paper introduced usages and functions of workstation of monitoring system of mine-used beam tube, analyzed and compared workstations of monitoring system of beam tube of gas chromatograph type and combined type in term of hardware control and aided software, and drew a conclusion that the workstation of monitoring system of beam tube of gas chromatograph type has more functions, higher integration degree, easier to use. It pointed out development trend of workstation of monitoring system of beam tube.

  3. 面向分簇的WSN数据融合在瓦斯监控中的应用①%WSN Data Fusion Based on Cluster in Mine Gas Monitoring Application

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张长森; 闵杰

    2013-01-01

    为了更好地对矿井瓦斯进行监控,在迅速提取异常瓦斯数据的同时消除非异常数据带来的冗余,本文提出了一种基于分簇的 WSN(无线传感器网络)数据融合方法。它利用总能耗最小的方法将所有节点最佳分簇,每个簇的节点通过竞选簇头概率的大小来确定簇头,非簇头节点通过两次阈值判断采集的数据是否异常并将异常数据发送到监控基站供工作人员决策。实验仿真表明:该方法延长了整个传感器网络的生存周期,对矿井瓦斯起到有效监控。%To monitor mine gas better , extract the abnormal gas data rapidly and eliminate the normal data redundancy, this paper proposes a WSN data fusion based on cluster method. It used the way of minimizing the total energy consumption that all nodes are devided into clusters best, nodes in each cluster determined the cluster head through the election of cluster head probability, the cluster nodes judged the data collected whether to be abnomal or not through the two thresholds and sent it to the monitoring stations for staffs to decide. The simulation results show that this method prolongs the wireless sensor network lifetime, the mine gas is monitored effectively.

  4. Emergency evacuation system for mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    QIAN Qing-yi; BUDIMAN Jeff; SHEN Jay

    2011-01-01

    There are many potential hazards in the underground mining these include fire,explosion,inundation,roof collapse,toxic gases,chemical pollution,etc.Over past centuries,in US alone,more than 100 000 miners lost their life in different accidents.The primary safety methods used in underground mines concentrate on the monitoring of the hazardous gases,fire detection and ventilation.Using advanced instruments and monitoring techniques have significantly reduced the accidents in the modem mines.However despite the advancement of these monitoring facilities,accidents still occur in underground mining annually in the world,and many miners were killed because they were trapped and unable to escape due to blocked of exit access.Described a new development for the emergency evacuation system in underground mines and analyzed the advantages and disadvantages of the system.It is expected that the new system will greatly improve the emergency exit methods and save more lives in the future.

  5. Use of Natural and Applied Tracers to Guide Targeted Remediation Efforts in an Acid Mine Drainage System, Colorado Rockies, USA

    OpenAIRE

    Rory Cowie; Mark W. Williams; Mike Wireman; Robert L. Runkel

    2014-01-01

    Stream water quality in areas of the western United States continues to be degraded by acid mine drainage (AMD), a legacy of hard-rock mining. The Rico-Argentine Mine in southwestern Colorado consists of complex multiple-level mine workings connected to a drainage tunnel discharging AMD to passive treatment ponds that discharge to the Dolores River. The mine workings are excavated into the hillslope on either side of a tributary stream with workings passing directly under the stream channel. ...

  6. Asteroid mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gertsch, Richard E.

    1992-01-01

    The earliest studies of asteroid mining proposed retrieving a main belt asteroid. Because of the very long travel times to the main asteroid belt, attention has shifted to the asteroids whose orbits bring them fairly close to the Earth. In these schemes, the asteroids would be bagged and then processed during the return trip, with the asteroid itself providing the reaction mass to propel the mission homeward. A mission to one of these near-Earth asteroids would be shorter, involve less weight, and require a somewhat lower change in velocity. Since these asteroids apparently contain a wide range of potentially useful materials, our study group considered only them. The topics covered include asteroid materials and properties, asteroid mission selection, manned versus automated missions, mining in zero gravity, and a conceptual mining method.

  7. Process mining

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van der Aalst, W.M.P.; Rubin, V.; Verbeek, H.M.W.

    2010-01-01

    Process mining includes the automated discovery of processes from event logs. Based on observed events (e.g., activities being executed or messages being exchanged) a process model is constructed. One of the essential problems in process mining is that one cannot assume to have seen all possible...... behavior. At best, one has seen a representative subset. Therefore, classical synthesis techniques are not suitable as they aim at finding a model that is able to exactly reproduce the log. Existing process mining techniques try to avoid such “overfitting” by generalizing the model to allow for more...... behavior. This generalization is often driven by the representation language and very crude assumptions about completeness. As a result, parts of the model are “overfitting” (allow only for what has actually been observed) while other parts may be “underfitting” (allowfor much more behavior without strong...

  8. Triplets pass their pressure test

    CERN Multimedia

    2007-01-01

    All the LHC inner triplets have now been repaired and are in position. The first ones have passed their pressure tests with flying colours. The repaired inner triplet at LHC Point 1, right side (1R). Ranko Ostojic (on the right), who headed the team responsible for repairing the triplets, shows the magnet to Robert Zimmer, President of the University of Chicago and of Fermi Research Alliance, who visited CERN on 20th August.Three cheers for the triplets! All the LHC inner triplets have now been repaired and are in position in the tunnel. Thanks to the mobilisation of a multidisciplinary team from CERN and Fermilab, assisted by the KEK Laboratory and the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (LBNL), a solution has been found, tested, validated and applied. At the end of March this year, one of the inner triplets at Point 5 failed to withstand a pressure test. A fault was identified in the supports of two out of the three quadruple magne...

  9. Data mining

    CERN Document Server

    Gorunescu, Florin

    2011-01-01

    The knowledge discovery process is as old as Homo sapiens. Until some time ago, this process was solely based on the 'natural personal' computer provided by Mother Nature. Fortunately, in recent decades the problem has begun to be solved based on the development of the Data mining technology, aided by the huge computational power of the 'artificial' computers. Digging intelligently in different large databases, data mining aims to extract implicit, previously unknown and potentially useful information from data, since 'knowledge is power'. The goal of this book is to provide, in a friendly way

  10. Mining Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    ,

    2013-01-01

    In 2012, the estimated value of mineral production increased in the United States for the third consecutive year. Production and prices increased for most industrial mineral commodities mined in the United States. While production for most metals remained relatively unchanged, with the notable exception of gold, the prices for most metals declined. Minerals remained fundamental to the U.S. economy, contributing to the real gross domestic product (GDP) at several levels, including mining, processing and manufacturing finished products. Minerals’ contribution to the GDP increased for the second consecutive year.

  11. Proceedings of the Illinois Mining Institute 1998

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Damberger, H.H.; Godwin, P. [eds.

    1999-05-01

    Papers presented at the meeting discussed: improved profitability using advanced fine coal processing for Illinois coal mines; fine coal dewatering using a briquetting machine for Illinois Basin coal; applying variable frequency conveyor drives at the Galatia mine; the extensible conveyor system; improvement of longwall safety and productivity with real-time shield pressure monitoring using LoSCoMS software; the effects and economics of dehumidifying mine air at the Riola Mine; Illinois coal infrastructure grants programs; and Arch Coal`s perspective on Illinois coal. A list of members, as well as information about the Institute, is included.

  12. Royston Drift: new mine - new techniques

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Round, C.; Lewis, S.

    1981-07-01

    Royston Drift Mine is described and the techniques and philosophy that have contributed to Royston proving to be one of Britain's most productive mines are reviewed. The whole mining concept, including the cognizance taken of the geological restriction is discussed. Transport systems and the design and organization of the record-breaking retreat faces are dealt with in detail. The introduction and testing of the Caledonian Arch support system and its potential is then described. Finally the future of the mine, in relation to monitoring and content of both underground and surface operations, is outlined.

  13. Chile. A model mining country?; Chile. Ein Bergbau-Musterland?

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Renner, Sven [Projektbuero der Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR) und des chilenischen Geologie und Bergbaudienstes SERNAGEOMIN, Santiago de Chile (Chile). Projekt ' Grundlagen der Sanierung von Bergbaualtlasten in Chile' ; Dalheimer, Manfred [Bundesanstalt fuer Geowissenschaften und Rohstoffe (BGR), Hannover (Germany). Abt. Internationale Zusammenarbeit Amerika

    2009-03-19

    Chile is characterised economically and culturally by mining. The copper industry is highly important. In 2007 two thirds of export proceeds were generated solely by copper, copper concentrate and other minerals. With the increase in the price of raw materials since 2004 the state income rose considerably with the result that the national debt was offset. However, this increase was barely noticeable among the wider public. Further reasons for doubt with regards to the mining industry are that a new mining project generally not only creates jobs, but also changes local structures, competes with water utilisation and usually leaves contaminated sites. The responsible politicians and mining authorities are aware of these relationships and are drawing up corresponding laws and decrees. These include the Environmental Act, the bills for mine closures and the systematic redevelopment of old mining sites. At least voluntary commitments for current large-scale mining are in force until the bills are passed. (orig.)

  14. KJ150A型井下胶轮车监控系统在梅花井煤矿的应用%On the Application of KJ150A Underground Rubber-tried Vehicle Monitoring System in Meihuajing Coal Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马晓东

    2012-01-01

    随着神宁煤业集团梅花井煤矿建设的发展,胶轮车辅助运输的管理难度也越来越大,出现了巷道堵车严重、车辆超速严重、井上下调度困难等问题,运用KJl50A型井下胶轮车监控系统对井下无轨胶轮车实施监测和红绿灯控制,既提高了无轨胶轮车的运行效率,又确保了矿井胶轮车辅助运输的安全可靠。同时,将车辆调度和日常管理内容融入监控系统中,更好地发挥了信息化建设的平台作用,推动了梅花井煤矿胶轮车管理走向科学化和规范化。%With the development of construction of Meihuajing coal mine of Shenhua Ningxia Coal Industry Group, it is more and more difficult to management subsidiary transport of rubber-tried vehicle, and the problems like serious traffic jam in roadway, serious speeding of vehicles and difficult scheduling between surface and underground of coal mine has occurred. To implement monitor of underground trackless rubber-tried vehicle and control of traffic light by applying KJ150A underground rubber-tried vehicle monitoring system, can not only improve the operational efficiency of trackless rubber-tried vehicle, but also ensure the safety of subsidiary transport of rubber-tried vehicle. In the meanwhile, to integrate the vehicle scheduling and routine management into monitoring system can enable informationization construction play a role of platform better and promote scientific and standardized manazement of rubber-tried vehicle in Meihuaiinz coal mine.

  15. 矿用避难硐室环境综合监测与通讯传输系统设计%The Design of Mine Escape Capsule Environmental Monitoring and Communication System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘文强; 颜静; 郭斌

    2012-01-01

    该文设计了一种新型矿用避难硐室环境综合监测和通讯系统的设计方案。避难硐室是矿井发生矿难时重要的井下紧急避险设施,能为无法撤离的人员提供生命保障。避难硐室的环境监测系统是避难人员在密闭空间内生存依靠的重要保障,它包括硐室内外气体参数(至少CO、CO2、O2、CH4四种)、温湿度等人员生存的必需条件的实时监测。采用LPCI766为核心器件,与非色散红外气体传感器、电化学气体传感器、信号调理、MD模数转换等模块相结合,组成环境参数信号的采集系统,通过RS485通信方式与外部系统进行数据通信,通过现场测试证明,这种方法是完全可行的。%This paper designed a new design scheme of mine asylum cavern environment comprehensive monitoring and the communication systemAsylum cavern is an important underground emergency facili- ties when mining accident happens in the mine,and can provide life security for the people who can't e- vacuate.The environment monitoring system of Asylum cavern is the important guarantee that the refuge personnel in an airtight room in survival depends on,including indoor and outdoor gas safety parameters(at least in CO and CO2, O2, CH4 four),temperature and humidity etc real-time monitoring to assure the vital conditions of the personnel survival.Taking the LPC1766 for the core device,which combines infrared gas sensors,electrochemical gas sensors,signal disposal and A/D conversion module into environmental pa- rameters of signal collection system,and RS485 communication mode is used for data communication.

  16. Research of Mining Optical Fiber CO2 Monitoring System Based on TDLAS%基于激光吸收光谱的矿用光纤二氧化碳监测系统研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王信

    2012-01-01

    Carbon dioxide (CO2 ) is one of the important signal gases for forecasting and warning of the spontaneous combustion in the waste of coal mine. The CO2 concentration directly affects the production safety of the mine. Proposes a novel optical fiber CO2 monitoring system adopting tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS). The CO2 concentration is calculated by the least square fit (LSF). Achieves the data calibration by single point. Compares to the electronic CO2 detector, the monitoring system not only improves the operability, facilitates field operations, but also achieves real- time on -line monitoring CO2 concentration in the waste. And this system also has higher detection accuracy and sensitivity. Its application to beam tube system in coal mine will be more fine to meet the needs of production safety, and be of good prospect.%二氧化碳是煤矿采空区自然发火预测预警的主要标志性气体之一,二氧化碳的浓度直接影响煤矿的生产安全。提出一种新型光纤二氧化碳监测系统,采用可调谐二极管激光吸收光谱(TDLAS)技术,二氧化碳气体浓度直接利用最小二乘方法拟合得出,实现了单点数据标定。与电子式二氧化碳检测仪对比,改进的光纤二氧化碳监测系统不仅大大提高了系统的可操作性,便于现场操作,而且能够实时在线监测采空区二氧化碳气体浓度,具有较高的检测精度和灵敏度。将该系统用于煤矿束管系统中,能够更好的满足煤矿安全生产的需求,具有良好的应用前景。

  17. 33 CFR 110.196 - Sabine Pass Channel, Sabine Pass, Tex.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Sabine Pass Channel, Sabine Pass, Tex. 110.196 Section 110.196 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY ANCHORAGES ANCHORAGE REGULATIONS Anchorage Grounds § 110.196 Sabine Pass Channel, Sabine Pass,...

  18. 78 FR 62657 - Proposed Information Collection; The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass Application Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ... National Park Service Proposed Information Collection; The Interagency Access Pass and Senior Pass... Parks and Federal Recreation Lands Pass Program covers recreation opportunities on public lands managed... U.S. Forest Service. The passes provide U.S. citizens and visitors an affordable and convenient...

  19. “高分二号”卫星在西藏矿山遥感监测中的应用研究%Application of GF-2 Satellite in Remote Sensing Monitoring on Mine Exploitation in Tibet

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路云阁; 樊双亮; 李春霖

    2015-01-01

    西藏自治区海拔高、地形起伏大,利用优于1m分辨率卫星影像监测当地的矿业开发活动存在较多难点。文章以墨竹工卡重点矿集区为例,通过影像的正射校正、融合镶嵌、几何校正、信息提取等处理工作,完成了基于“高分二号”(GF-2)卫星影像的1∶1万比例尺矿山遥感监测工作。通过与国际多元多尺度卫星影像的对比研究,GF-2卫星影像对于开采硐口的识别、开采面及开发占地性质的确定、水体污染现象的识别等矿山开发信息提取的准确率有了明显提高,完全能够满足1∶1万尺度矿山遥感监测技术要求,在替代国际同等分辨率商业卫星数据的同时,亦可节省大量的野外验证工作,具有显著的社会经济效益。%With the high altitude and undulating terrain, there are a large number of difficulties when using better than one-meter-resolution satellite images to monitor the local mine development activities in Tibet autonomous region. In this study, Mozhugongka key ore concentration area is considered as an example. The 1:10 000 scale of mining remote sensing monitoring based on GF-2 satellite images is completed by means of the technique of image mosoic orthographical correction, image fusion and mosaic, geometric correction, information extraction and so on. Through the comparative study of multi-scale satellite images at home and abroad, GF-2 satellite images are useful for improving the accuracy of mine exploitation information extraction, such as the recognition of exploitation cave mouth, the determination of mining face and the nature of the exploitation land, the identification of a phenomenon of water pollution and so on. GF-2 satellite images can fully meet the technological requirements of the 1:10 000 scale of mine remote sensing monitoring. All in all, GF-2 satellite images can not only replace the foreign equivalent resolution commercial satellite data, but also

  20. Study on effects of longwall mining on the underground water

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    GUO Wen-bing; Syd S. Peng

    2007-01-01

    It is very important for secure mining under water bodies to study the effects of Iongwall mining on the underground water. In order to study this problem, piezometers for monitoring underground water levels were established in an American coalmine. Large amounts of pre-mining and post-mining monitoring data were collected. Based on the data,the effects of Iongwall mining on the underground water was studied. The results demonstrate that when the piezometer monitoring wells have an interburden thickness less than 72.7 m, the groundwater level decreases immediately to immeasurable levels and go dry after undermining. The height of the fractured zone in is 72.7~85.3 m in this geological and mining conditions. The results also show that the calculated value of fractured zone by the empirical formulae used in China is smaller than the actual results. Therefore, it is not always safe to use them in analysis of mining under water bodies.

  1. Predictive modelling of the mine water rebound in an old abandoned Dongwon mine in Korea

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baek, Hwanjo; Kim, Daehoon; Park, Seunghwan; Kim, Gyoungman

    2014-05-01

    The closure of over three-hundred deep coal mines in Korea since the late-1980s, primarily due to the energy and environmental concerns, has produced significant side effects. One of the major challenges is to assess the risk from mine water rebound to overlying aquifers and surface waters, which can produce significant environmental hazards. Some numerical models such as VSS-NET, GRAM and MODFLOW have been developed to predict the quantity, timing and location of discharges resulting from mine water rebound. In this study, we developed a GRAM-based windows program for mine water rebound modelling in abandoned deep mine systems. The program consists of the simulation engine and the GUI modules, each has several subroutines. Changes in mine water level of the Dongwon coal mine, presumably hydrogeologically connected to nearby old abandoned mines, has been monitored after the mine was finally closed in 2005. The water level in the vertical shaft rised up to 420m during the period of 3 years. The system was modelled as two ponds connected by a pipe. Input data include the areas of each pond, catchment areas, the storage coefficient, etc. The predicted changes in the mine water level was very similar to the observed data in the field. For this modelling, in fact, some of the input variable were roughly assumed to match the field data. Nevertheless, this program can be effectively applied to predict the rising of the mine water after the mine closure.

  2. Design of High definition Network Camera Apply to Monitor System in Modern mine%一款适用于现代煤矿监控系统的高清网络摄像机的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何玲玲; 王清灵

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, the design and realization of 720P high definition network camera based on H.264 coding standard are introduced, which are in line with the development and application of HD video monitoring technology in modern mine. The design of high definition network camera is based on Sony CMOS imaging sensor and TI Davinei digital media processors, which is suitable for deployment inside the mine ,gate ,materials reserve places etc.%本文实现了一款采用H.264编码标准的720P高清网络摄像机设计与实现,符合当今煤矿行业高清视频监控技术的发展和应用。该款高清网络摄像机是以SONY CMOS图像传感器和TI达芬奇数字媒体处理器为设计基础的,特别适合部署在矿井内部、出入口、物资储备等重要场所。

  3. A Constructed Wetland: From Monitoring To Action.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowal, Dan

    1998-01-01

    Presents a water-quality monitoring project in a Denver school that has evolved into an experiment using a constructed wetland system to treat the acid-mine drainage from an abandoned gold mine. (PVD)

  4. Review of the Federal Mining Law. [German Federal Republic

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weller, H.

    1981-01-01

    The Federal Mining Law is a codification of mining law in the Federal Republic of Germany. It contains 178 paragraphs covering all aspects of prospecting and mining of mineral raw materials and related activities. The new law is to replace the former regional mining laws as well as most of the former Federal and regional regulations. All in all, 104 laws and regulations are repealed in sections 174 and 175. Basic principles of the former mining laws have been adhered to, e.g. mineral reserves do not come under the proprietory rights of the land owner, preventive monitoring of operations by means of operation plans, cession of territory under mining law, and the regulations concerning mining and land ownership. However, there are new details in the Federal Mining Law, in particular with regard to concessions and mining damage; this is reflected in a more complicated legal language.

  5. 煤矿井下变电所远程监测监控系统改造应用%Transformation and application of coal mine substation remote monitoring and control system

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田伟

    2012-01-01

      Remote monitoring and control systems used in coal mines substations, in high voltage power supply systems,can real-time realized process measurement, control and monitor,and continuously monitor power system operating parameters,and timely detect failures, and helpful to prevent expanding accidents and shorten the outage time, a reasonable allocation of power, improve the quality of the electric operation, reduce electricity expenses, realize the unattended substation.%  远程监测监控系统,适用于煤矿井上、下变电所高压供电系统中实时过程测量、控制及监视、实现连续监测电力系统运行参数、及时发现故障、有助于防止事故扩大和缩短停电时间、合理调配电力,提高电网运行质量、减轻电费支出,实现变电所的无人值守。

  6. Mining Method

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Young Shik; Lee, Kyung Woon; Kim, Oak Hwan; Kim, Dae Kyung [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1996-12-01

    The reducing coal market has been enforcing the coal industry to make exceptional rationalization and restructuring efforts since the end of the eighties. To the competition from crude oil and natural gas has been added the growing pressure from rising wages and rising production cost as the workings get deeper. To improve the competitive position of the coal mines against oil and gas through cost reduction, studies to improve mining system have been carried out. To find fields requiring improvements most, the technologies using in Tae Bak Colliery which was selected one of long running mines were investigated and analyzed. The mining method appeared the field needing improvements most to reduce the production cost. The present method, so-called inseam roadway caving method presently is using to extract the steep and thick seam. However, this method has several drawbacks. To solve the problems, two mining methods are suggested for a long term and short term method respectively. Inseam roadway caving method with long-hole blasting method is a variety of the present inseam roadway caving method modified by replacing timber sets with steel arch sets and the shovel loaders with chain conveyors. And long hole blasting is introduced to promote caving. And pillar caving method with chock supports method uses chock supports setting in the cross-cut from the hanging wall to the footwall. Two single chain conveyors are needed. One is installed in front of chock supports to clear coal from the cutting face. The other is installed behind the supports to transport caved coal from behind. This method is superior to the previous one in terms of safety from water-inrushes, production rate and productivity. The only drawback is that it needs more investment. (author). 14 tabs., 34 figs.

  7. 高清网络视频监控系统在煤矿安全生产中的应用%Application of High-definition Network Video Monitoring System in Mine Safety Production

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑛

    2014-01-01

    The paper introduces the application of high -definition network video monitoring system in mine safe-ty production ,whose working mode of distributed structure and high -definition network camera have over-comes the shortcomings of unclear simulated images ,impossible long -distance transmission and view and short storage time of video images .%介绍了高清网络视频监控系统在煤矿安全生产中的应用,详细分析了其分布式结构在局矿多级应用中的工作模式及高清网络摄像机的应用,克服了以往模拟图像不清,不能被远距离传输和查看,视频图像存储时间较短等缺点。

  8. Application of Modbus-RTU Protocol in Monitoring System of Coal Mine Underground Substation%Modbus—RTU协议在煤矿井下变电所监控系统中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王义; 何伟; 李华兴

    2012-01-01

    According to the circumstances and the monitoring requirements of underground substation in coal mine, analyzes the Modbus-RTU protocol of DP400 comprehensive protector and the control process of comprehensive protector in the PLC, then designs a monitoring system for the underground substation based on the Modbus-RTU protocol. The monitoring system selects S7-300 PLC as the controller to read the data and utilizes the industrial Ethemet to implement communication of the PLC and supervisory computer, which achieves the remote monitoring for underground substation. The system has good running state, stable performance and high monitoring efficiency by on-spot operation.%根据某煤矿的现场情况和对井下变电所的监控要求,分析了该变电所使用的DP400型智能综合保护器的Modbus-RTU协议以及该综合保护器在PLC控制器中的控制流程,设计了基于Modbus-RTU协议的井下变电所监控系统。该系统选用S7-300PLC在Modbus—RTU协议下读取智能综合保护器数据,并通过工业以太网完成PLC与上位机的通信,实现井下变电所的远程监控。该系统经现场运行,情况良好,性能稳定,监控效率高。

  9. Planning the Mine and Mining the Plan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boucher, D. S.; Chen, N.

    2016-11-01

    Overview of best practices used in the terrestrial mining industry when developing a mine site towards production. The intent is to guide planners towards an effective and well constructed roadmap for the development of ISRU mining activities. A strawman scenario is presented as an illustration for lunar mining of water ice.

  10. Evaluation and monitoring an on-going landslide in volcanic sediments - a case study for an open pit mine, Turkey: Part 1

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Onur, A.H.; Konak, G.; Koca, Y.; Yenice, H.; Kose, H.; Karakus, D. [Dokuz Eylul University, Izmir (Turkey). Dept. of Mineral Engineering

    2004-09-01

    TKI (Turkish Coal Enterprises) has been operating an open pit lignite mine since late 1970s in a town called Can which is situated in the north-west of Turkey. There is a ceramic factory, which is one of the biggest in Europe as far as capacity is concerned, operating very close to the lignite open pit mine. In 1999, a catastrophic earthquake demolished not only the cities and towns located on the Northern Anatolian fault zone but also triggered a landslide on the ceramic factory site benches of the Can lignite open pit. The susceptibility of artificial slopes to failure during earthquakes is a well-known event. This paper summarises geological, geomorphological and hydrological surveys of the area and the work done to define the slip surface by means of inclinometer surveys. Geotechnical parameters collected from all local geological formations were used later in the slope stability analysis. Details of the studies undertaken since the beginning of the landslide are given in this paper.

  11. Monitoring of contaminated toxic and heavy metals, from mine tailings through age accumulation, in soil and some wild plants at Southeast Egypt.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rashed, M N

    2010-06-15

    This study includes tailing from gold mine, at Allaqi Wadi Aswan, Egypt, used by incident Egyptian and after by some English companies. Tailings, soils and wild plants (Acia Raddiena and Aerva Javanica) were sampled and analysed for toxic metals (Hg, Cd, Pb and As) and associated heavy metals (Cr, Ag, Ni, Au, Mo, Zn, Mn and Cu) using ICP-MS, ICP-AES, CVAAS and FAAS techniques. The present work concerns the distribution and mobility of these metals from tailing to the surrounding soils and wild flora. The results reveal that Cr, Cu, Zn, Ni, Ag, Au, Mn, Hg, As, Ag, Au and Pb in soil decreased as faraway from the tailing, after then irregular trends as a result of input from surrounding rocks. Acia Raddiena plant accumulated As, Cd and Pb in higher levels than Aerva Javanica. Quantification of soil and plant pollution was studied using enrichment factors, contamination factor, pollution index and bioaccumulation factors and show good interpretations of the results. The overall results of this study show that the soil and plants near the gold mine tailing were highly toxic, and the plants and soil must not be uses for grazing or agriculture. Copyright 2010 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  12. Photoacoustic Soot Spectrometer (PASS) Instrument Handbook

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dubey, M [Los Alamos National Laboratory; Springston, S [Brookhaven National Laboratory; Koontz, A [Pacific Northwest National Laboratory; Aiken, A [Los Alamos National Laboratory

    2013-01-17

    The photoacoustic soot spectrometer (PASS) measures light absorption by aerosol particles. As the particles pass through a laser beam, the absorbed energy heats the particles and in turn the surrounding air, which sets off a pressure wave that can be detected by a microphone. The PASS instruments deployed by ARM can also simultaneously measure the scattered laser light at three wavelengths and therefore provide a direct measure of the single-scattering albedo. The Operator Manual for the PASS-3100 is included here with the permission of Droplet Measurement Technologies, the instrument’s manufacturer.

  13. Alternative Process Flow for Underground Mining Operations: Analysis of Conceptual Transport Methods Using Discrete Event Simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny Greberg

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available As the near surface deposits are being mined out, underground mines will increasingly operate at greater depths. This will increase the challenges related to transporting materials from deeper levels to the surface. For many years, the ore and waste transportation from most deep underground mines has depended on some or all of the following: truck haulage, conveyor belts, shafts, rails, and ore pass systems. In sub-level caving, and where ore passes are used, trains operating on the main lower level transport the ore from ore passes to a crusher, for subsequent hoisting to the surface through the shaft system. In many mines, the use of the ore pass system has led to several problems related to the ore pass availability, causing production disturbances and incurred cost and time for ore pass rehabilitation. These production disturbances have an impact on the mining activities since they increase the operational costs, and lower the mine throughput. A continued dependency on rock mass transportation using ore passes will generate high capital costs for various supporting structures such as rail tracks, shaft extensions, and crushers for every new main level. This study was conducted at an existing underground mine and analyzed the transport of ore from loading areas at the lower levels up to the existing shaft points using trucks without employing ore passes. The results show that, when the costs of extending ore passes to lower levels become too great or ore passes cannot be used for production, haul trucks can be a feasible alternative method for transport of ore and waste up the ramp to the existing crusher located at the previous main level. The use of trucks will avoid installing infrastructure at the next main level and extending the ore passes to lower levels, hence reducing costs.

  14. Environmental Monitoring, Other, Non-Metallic Mine Site polygons, Published in 2013, 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, Vernon County Wisconsin.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Environmental Monitoring, Other dataset, published at 1:2400 (1in=200ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Other information as of 2013. It is described...

  15. 78 FR 25432 - Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Notice of Availability of the Environmental...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-01

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass LNG, L.P., Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Notice of Availability... Sabine Pass Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. and Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC (Sabine Pass) in the above-referenced... construction at the existing Sabine Pass LNG terminal in Cameron Parish, Louisiana. The EA assesses...

  16. 程潮铁矿东区地表及井筒变形监测分析%Monitoring and Interpretation of Surface Movement and Shaft Deformation in the Eastern Area of Chengchao Iron Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    柏威伟; 陈从新; 肖国峰; 黄平路

    2011-01-01

    On account of gradually aggravated situation on stability of ground surfaco and affiliated architecture in the eastern area of Chengchao iron mine, a monitoring network consisting of GPS, leveling instrument and digital fissure extensometer was established to monitor the three - dimensional deformation of the ground surface and the fissure propagation in the shafts in 2007. Based on the data of surface movement and fissure propagation obtained by in- situ monitoring about two years, detailed analysis and interpretation on the laws and trend of the surface movement and the shafts deformation were carried out. Combining with the field engineering geology conditions and the situation of mining,the several seemingly special phenomena such as fluctuation in the horizontal displacement value of ground surface, closing up of fissures and the regional differences of ground surface displacement in different zones, were analyzed and discussed. The results showed that the development of mined - out areas in spatial or temporal dimension determined the trend of surface movement and shafts deformation directly, the field engineering geological and hydrogeololgical conditions, including faults and joints, tectonic stress field, groundwater activities and so on dominated the regional deformation features indirectly. In the western ventilation shaft zone, the fluctuation of horizontal displacement value resulted from the specific site of the zone in relation to the eastern and western mined - out areas. The trend of fissures closing appeared after January,2009 is mainly attributed to the rotation of displacement vector.%针对程潮铁矿东区地表及构筑物开裂变形日趋严重的问题,采用GPS、水准仪和数字裂缝计开展了高精度的地表三维变形和井筒裂缝变形的监测工作.根据现场接近两年实测的东区地表位移和两主井井筒裂缝变形数据,分析了矿区地表及井筒变形规律和趋势.结合场地工程地质条件、

  17. Risk-based scheduling of multiple search passes for UUVs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baylog, John G.; Wettergren, Thomas A.

    2016-05-01

    This paper addresses selected computational aspects of collaborative search planning when multiple search agents seek to find hidden objects (i.e. mines) in operating environments where the detection process is prone to false alarms. A Receiver Operator Characteristic (ROC) analysis is applied to construct a Bayesian cost objective function that weighs and combines missed detection and false alarm probabilities. It is shown that for fixed ROC operating points and a validation criterion consisting of a prerequisite number of detection outcomes, an interval exists in the number of conducted search passes over which the risk objective function is supermodular. We show that this property is not retained beyond validation criterion boundaries. We investigate the use of greedy algorithms for distributing search effort and, in particular, examine the double greedy algorithm for its applicability under conditions of varying criteria. Numerical results are provided to demonstrate the effectiveness of the approach.

  18. Development of opencast mines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Szebenyi, F.

    1987-01-01

    The role and works of the Central Institute for Mining Development and its legal predecessors, the Mining Research Institute and Mines Design Institute, in relation with opencast lignite mining in Hungary, are summarized. Investigations aimed at the determination of the heating technical properties of lignites are reviewed. Different lignite mines, their geological features, production possibilities and development conditions are outlined.

  19. 33 CFR 117.487 - Pierre Pass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pierre Pass. 117.487 Section 117.487 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Louisiana § 117.487 Pierre Pass. The draw of the S70...

  20. Ulysses Passes South Pole of Sun

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程林

    1995-01-01

    On the 14th of September,1994, the fastest scientific instrument in space passed the south pole of the Sun,a place where no human-made object has been before. A spaceprobe called Ulysses made the polar pass at about midday as it continued to collect data on the solar wind,a stream of high-energy sub-atomic

  1. 33 CFR 117.484 - Pass Manchac.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Pass Manchac. 117.484 Section 117.484 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Louisiana § 117.484 Pass Manchac. The draw of the...

  2. 33 CFR 117.303 - Matlacha Pass.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 33 Navigation and Navigable Waters 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Matlacha Pass. 117.303 Section 117.303 Navigation and Navigable Waters COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY BRIDGES DRAWBRIDGE OPERATION REGULATIONS Specific Requirements Florida § 117.303 Matlacha Pass. The draw of the...

  3. D-InSAR技术在矿区开采沉陷变形监测中的应用%Application of D-InSAR Technology in Mining Subsidence Deformation Monitoring of the Mining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘哲; 吴洪涛; 刘潇鹏

    2015-01-01

    通过研究D-InSAR技术测量原理以及技术优势,分析了GPS与D-InSAR的技术特点与互补性,探讨了GPS与D-InSAR技术融合的理论与方法,提出了利用GPS与D-InSAR融合技术监测矿区地表形变的有效手段。%This paper studies the new earth observation technology D-InSAR technology measuring principle and technology advantage, it analyzes the he technical features and complementary of GPS and D-InSAR, discuss the GPS and D-InSAR technology integration theory and method, using GPS and D-InSAR fusion technology monitoring surface deformation of the effective means.

  4. 矿用多回路电磁启动器温度监测技术%Research of Temperature Monitoring and Data Transmission Technology on Mining Multi-loop Electromagnetic Starter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马立爽

    2016-01-01

    为了提高矿用多回路电磁启动器的可靠性,提出一种基于T型热电偶的多回路温度监测技术。在分析T型热电偶特性的基础上,对监测系统整体结构进行设计,主要包括温度传感器、信号处理单元、DSP、CAN通讯单元、电源单元、时钟单元和编程单元等,重点设计T型热电偶输出信号处理单元,并根据系统需求设计软件程序。%In order to improve the reliability of mining multi-loop electromagnetic starter, in this paper, a multi loop temperature monitoring technology was put forward based on T thermocouple. On the analysis of the T thermocouple characteristic design for monitoring system as a whole, mainly including temperature sensor, signal processing unit, DSP, CAN the power supply unit, communication unit, clock unit and programming unit, etc., the key design T thermocouple output signal processing unit. And according to demand design software program system.

  5. Land Subsidence Monitoring in Mining Area with the Application of GPS and D-InSAR%基于GPS与D-InSAR融合技术的矿区沉降监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘冬; 郑南山; 王刚

    2011-01-01

    采用GPS与D-InSAR融合技术进行地面形变监测具有重要的研究意义。本文在较系统地分析GPS与D-In-SAR的技术特点与互补性以及矿区开采沉陷特点的基础上,探讨了GPS与D-InSAR技术融合的理论和方法,特别是利用GPS与InSAR数据融合建立大气延迟改正模型的方法和改善InSAR相位解缠算法。最后分析了利用GPS与D-InSAR融合技术进行矿区沉陷监测的可行性。%Research on the integration of GPS and D-InSAR for land surface deformation monitoring is of significance.This paper firstly analyzes the characteristics of GPS and D-InSAR,and introduces the advantages with the application of GPS and Insar.After discussing the integration of GPS and D-InSAR,it emphases on the approach to mitigate atmospheric delay by GPS observation for improving phase unwrapping.Finally it suggests that it is feasible to monitor land subsidence in coal mining area with the integration of GPS and Insar.

  6. Design on Monitoring and Measuring Nodes of Mine Roadway Separation and Deformation Based on Wifi%基于Wifi的巷道离层和变形监测节点的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁恩杰; 刘学瑞; 黄艳秋; 张耀; 王满意

    2011-01-01

    The wireless sensor network was introduced to the mine monitoring and measuring system based on the Wifi. A wireless sensor network node was designed and realized based on the Wifi and the displacement sensor was applied to monitor and measure the mine roadway separation and deformation. The development of the node hardware was based on the low power Wifi chip GS1010 and the software was based on theμ-velosity embedded operation system. Thus the data acquisition and transmission of the sensor could he realized. The paper introduced the software and hardware design of the node. The software and hardware of the node was tested and measured. The test and measured results showed that the radial transmission power of the node would he 9 dbm, the communication distance between the node and the wireless input point AP would be 138 m and the monitoring and measuring nodes could he in normal operation under the complicated environment with stable performances.%引入基于Wifi的无线传感器网络到煤矿监测系统,设计并实现了一种基于Wifi的无线传感器网络节点,使用位移传感器对巷道离层、变形进行监测,节点硬件开发基于低功耗Wifi芯片GS1010,软件开发基于μ-velosity的嵌入式操作系统,实现了传感器的数据采集和发送.介绍了节点的软硬件设计,并进行了测试,测试结果表明:节点射频发射功率为9 dbm,节点与无线接入点AP的通信距离可以达到138 m,监测节点可在井下复杂环境中正常工作,且性能稳定.

  7. Longwall mining “cutting cantilever beam theory” and 110 mining method in China—The third mining science innovation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manchao He

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available With the third innovation in science and technology worldwide, China has also experienced this marvelous progress. Concerning the longwall mining in China, the “masonry beam theory” (MBT was first proposed in the 1960s, illustrating that the transmission and equilibrium method of overburden pressure using reserved coal pillar in mined-out areas can be realized. This forms the so-called “121 mining method”, which lays a solid foundation for development of mining science and technology in China. The “transfer rock beam theory” (TRBT proposed in the 1980s gives a further understanding for the transmission path of stope overburden pressure and pressure distribution in high-stress areas. In this regard, the advanced 121 mining method was proposed with smaller coal pillar for excavation design, making significant contributions to improvement of the coal recovery rate in that era. In the 21st century, the traditional mining technologies faced great challenges and, under the theoretical developments pioneered by Profs. Minggao Qian and Zhenqi Song, the “cutting cantilever beam theory” (CCBT was proposed in 2008. After that the 110 mining method is formulated subsequently, namely one stope face, after the first mining cycle, needs one advanced gateway excavation, while the other one is automatically formed during the last mining cycle without coal pillars left in the mining area. This method can be implemented using the CCBT by incorporating the key technologies, including the directional pre-splitting roof cutting, constant resistance and large deformation (CRLD bolt/anchor supporting system with negative Poisson's ratio (NPR effect material, and remote real-time monitoring technology. The CCBT and 110 mining method will provide the theoretical and technical basis for the development of mining industry in China.

  8. Coal Mine Permit Boundaries

    Data.gov (United States)

    Earth Data Analysis Center, University of New Mexico — ESRI ArcView shapefile depicting New Mexico coal mines permitted under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA), by either the NM Mining these...

  9. Exploration and Mining Roadmap

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    none,

    2002-09-01

    This Exploration and Mining Technology Roadmap represents the third roadmap for the Mining Industry of the Future. It is based upon the results of the Exploration and Mining Roadmap Workshop held May 10 ñ 11, 2001.

  10. Monitoring of copper, arsenic and antimony levels in agricultural soils impacted and non-impacted by mining activities, from three regions in Chile.

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Gregori, Ida; Fuentes, Edwar; Rojas, Mariela; Pinochet, Hugo; Potin-Gautier, Martine

    2003-04-01

    This paper reports a comparative study of the concentration of three important environmental elements that are often found together in mineral deposits and then associated with mining activities; copper, arsenic and antimony. These elements were determined in 26 different agricultural soils from regions I, II and V in Chile, zones where the most important and biggest copper industries of this country are located. As background levels of these elements in soils have not been well established, in this study, both, impacted and non-impacted agricultural soils from different regions were considered. The relationships between the concentrations of these elements in soils were also examined. The concentration ranges for copper, arsenic and antimony were 11-530; 2.7-202 and 0.42-11 mg kg(-1) respectively. The copper concentrations in non-polluted soils from the north and central zone of Chile were similar. However, three sites from the north region have copper concentration as higher as 100 mg kg(-1), values that exceed the critical concentration for copper in soils. The concentration of arsenic and antimony in the north soils were higher than in non-impacted ones and, in the case of arsenic, greatly exceeded the world average concentration reported for this element in soils. The highest arsenic and antimony concentrations were found in Calama and Quillagua soils, two different sites in the Loa valley. The arsenic/antimony concentration ratio was higher in Quillagua soil. The high concentrations of three elements determined in impacted soils from region V (Puchuncaví and Catemu valleys) clearly shows the impact produced in this zone by the industrial and mining activities developed in their proximities. At Puchuncaví valley a clear decrease was observed in copper, arsenic and antimony concentrations in soils on the function of the distance from the industrial complex "Las Ventanas", and all concentrations exceeded the reported critical values for this matrix. Instead at

  11. Design of Embedded Intelligent Node for Mul-mines Safety Monitoring System%多矿井安全监控系统的嵌入式智能节点设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谢拴勤; 张磊; 石伟; 张震

    2011-01-01

    针对目前我国矿井环境复杂,控制距离远,生产布局分散,监控点多等因素;介绍了一种采用上下两层网络的多矿井安全监控系统,通过以C8051F040为主处理器的智能节点,将上层的以太网和下层的CAN总线网络连接起来,其中详细地设计了智能节点的硬件结构,并将实时多任务操作系统μC/OS- II移植到主处理器上,试验结果表明该系统通过对实时数据的采集与分析,能够准确地运行和处理实时任务,长期稳定可靠且具有一定的使用价值和可推广性.%Aiming at the complex environment in mine, remote, scattered production layout) multiple control points , this multi -mines safety monitoring system is divided into two layers of network, the main processor through C8051F040 intelligent node, will connect the upper Ethernet and the following CAN bus. Detailed design of the hardware architecture, and transplanted real- time multitasking oper-ating system μC / OS - Ⅱ into the form of the intelligent node, The results show that the system can accomplish real- time data collection and analysis to verify the accuracy of the system can handle real-time tasks, making the whole system stable and reliable and it is worth to be generalized.

  12. 程潮铁矿井区变形监测分析及处置建议%Monitoring Analysis of Well Area Deformation and Disposal Propose in Chengchao Iron Mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈维维; 陈从新; 肖国锋

    2012-01-01

    程潮铁矿东主井和西风井区相继出现地表裂缝和井筒开裂现象,且地表裂缝范围在不断扩大,已经对东主井和西风井的结构安全构成威胁.为此,主要依据井筒开裂和地表裂缝的现场调查以及在变形监测的基础上,对井筒结构及地基变形开裂的岩体力学机理进行分析,探讨了东主井和西风井井区地表变形和井筒开裂的成因,得出地下水疏干和地下采矿是引起地表变形和地面塌陷现象的直接原因,而矿区工程地质构造和水文地质条件等对地表变形特征产生影响,并提出了相应的减缓井区地表变形的措施.%The surface cracks and wellbore cracking phenomenon have appeared successively in the area of the east and west air shaft well of Chengchao iron mine, and the surface cracks scope is also in the unceasing expansion. It has already threatened the safely of the east and west air wellbore structure. Based on the deformation monitor situation of the wellbore cracking and the surface fissures as well as the scene investigation, the mechanics mechanism of the wellbore structure and foundation deformation was studied. It analyses the causes which results in the surface deformation and the wellbore cracking in the east and west air shaft well area,and obtains the drainage of underground water and underground mining are the direct causes of the surface deformation and the ground subsidence phenomenon, moreover the engineering geology structure and the hydro - geological conditions in the mining area also have influence to the surface deformation characteristic, and some corresponding measures to slow down the surface deformation in the wellbore areas is proposed.

  13. Concentrations of cadmium, Cobalt, Lead, Nickel, and Zinc in Blood and Fillets of Northern Hog Sucker (Hypentelium nigricans) from streams contaminated by lead-Zinc mining: Implications for monitoring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, C.J.; Brumbaugh, W.G.; May, T.W.

    2009-01-01

    Lead (Pb) and other metals can accumulate in northern hog sucker (Hypentelium nigricans) and other suckers (Catostomidae), which are harvested in large numbers from Ozark streams by recreational fishers. Suckers are also important in the diets of piscivorous wildlife and fishes. Suckers from streams contaminated by historic Pb-zinc (Zn) mining in southeastern Missouri are presently identified in a consumption advisory because of Pb concentrations. We evaluated blood sampling as a potentially nonlethal alternative to fillet sampling for Pb and other metals in northern hog sucker. Scaled, skin-on, bone-in "fillet" and blood samples were obtained from northern hog suckers (n = 75) collected at nine sites representing a wide range of conditions relative to Pb-Zn mining in southeastern Missouri. All samples were analyzed for cadmium (Cd), cobalt (Co), Pb, nickel (Ni), and Zn. Fillets were also analyzed for calcium as an indicator of the amount of bone, skin, and mucus included in the samples. Pb, Cd, Co, and Ni concentrations were typically higher in blood than in fillets, but Zn concentrations were similar in both sample types. Concentrations of all metals except Zn were typically higher at sites located downstream from active and historic Pb-Zn mines and related facilities than at nonmining sites. Blood concentrations of Pb, Cd, and Co were highly correlated with corresponding fillet concentrations; log-log linear regressions between concentrations in the two sample types explained 94% of the variation for Pb, 73-83% of the variation for Co, and 61% of the variation for Cd. In contrast, relations for Ni and Zn explained <12% of the total variation. Fillet Pb and calcium concentrations were correlated (r = 0.83), but only in the 12 fish from the most contaminated site; concentrations were not significantly correlated across all sites. Conversely, fillet Cd and calcium were correlated across the range of sites (r = 0.78), and the inclusion of calcium in the fillet

  14. Guide for surface coal mine reclamation plans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2005-11-15

    The purpose of the guide is to provide a framework for Nova Scotia's coal mining community to consult during reclamation planning and environmental assessment. The guide describe the best management practices for application to surface mine reclamation. Principles of reclamation, standard submission requirements for a reclamation plan, planning for reclamation, landscape design, and revegetation, and methods for site preparation, monitoring, and maintenance are discussed. Backfilling, flooded excavation management, and other options are outlined. The reclamation plan must consider decommissioning of equipment and infrastructure, water retention and treatment ponds, acid rock drainage control and monitoring, site monitoring, watercourse management, and public safety. A glossary is included.

  15. Mining review

    Science.gov (United States)

    McCartan, L.; Morse, D.E.; Plunkert, P.A.; Sibley, S.F.

    2004-01-01

    The average annual growth rate of real gross domestic product (GDP) from the third quarter of 2001 through the second quarter of 2003 in the United States was about 2.6 percent. GDP growth rates in the third and fourth quarters of 2003 were about 8 percent and 4 percent, respectively. The upward trends in many sectors of the U.S. economy in 2003, however, were shared by few of the mineral materials industries. Annual output declined in most nonfuel mining and mineral processing industries, although there was an upward turn toward yearend as prices began to increase.

  16. Integration of Design Patterns and Mobile Applications in a Management System for Monitoring Maintenance Cathode Plates of Mining Company Quebrada Blanca SA

    CERN Document Server

    Carlos, Oscar Sandoval

    2010-01-01

    This document presents the integration of design patterns and mobile applications, in the development of software management of plates (SIGEP) that allows to support in the solutions to problematics that they appear in the process of maintaining of plates copper cathodes of a Mining Company, in our case for Quebrada Blanca S.A. (CMQB S.A.). These problematics mainly are related to the little control over the tasks carried out in the maintaining to the cathodic plates, and the lack of information that leads to this practice, originates a deficient management and it does not allow to make opportune decisions referring to these elements, and therefore it does to project and to administer the life utility of the plates of cathodes, generating lifted costs associated to this process. As the process of maintaining a cathode plates constantly changing process, with respect to maintenance strategies in the system design SIGEP recognizing the flexibility and reuse in the design of system components, this achieved thro...

  17. Design of monitoring system for locomotive transportation in mines based on ARM9 and ZigBee%基于ARM9和ZigBee的矿井机车运输监控系统的设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘广亚; 姚善化

    2012-01-01

    In order to further enhance the security and effectiveness of locomotive transportation in underground collieries,the paper designed a monitoring system for locomotive transportation based on embedded and ZigBee technology,and described the design scheme and the operation principle of the monitoring system as well as the structure of the structure,the basic structure of the nodes,node communication and software design and so on.With the combination of ZigBee wireless network and all-optical network,the intelligent monitor of locomotive transportation conditions was realized.It will be of great reality significance for improving the safe production and management in mines.%为了进一步提高煤矿井下机车运输管理的安全性和有效性,设计了基于嵌入式和ZigBee技术的机车运输监控系统,介绍了系统的设计方案和工作原理,包括系统结构,节点基本结构,节点通信以及软件设计等。通过ZigBee无线网络和全光网络等技术的结合,实现了地面控制中心对井下机车运输状况的智能监控,对改善煤矿的安全生产和管理有着重要的现实意义。

  18. Mathematical-logical modeling of regulations on mining safety. [Boolean algebra analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fajkos, A.; Suchan, L.

    1979-09-01

    Complexity of the logical structure of mine safety regulations results from the complexity of mining problems. This complexity sometimes makes it difficult to precisely formulate mining safety regulations and to monitor their observance by the miners. It is suggested that mathematical- logical modeling can be an efficient tool in analyzing mine safety regulations. A short description of the method based on Boolean algebra, and three examples of its use in the field of mine safety regulations are presented. (2 refs.) (In Czech)

  19. Coal Mines, Abandoned - Digitized Mined Areas

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — Coal mining has occurred in Pennsylvania for over a century. The maps to these coal mines are stored at many various public and private locations (if they still...

  20. Influence of Mining Thickness on the Rationality of Upward Mining in Coal Seam Group

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. Li

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to determine the influence of mining thickness on the rationality of upward mining in coal seam group. Numerical simulation and theoretical analysis were performed to investigate the influence of the mining thicknesses of initial mining seam on the destruction and pressure relief effect of the upper coal seam in a high-gas coal seam group. The mechanical model of the roof failure based on the mining thickness was established by assuming that the gob formed after adjacent panels have fully been caved is the infinite plane. On the basis of this model, an equation was derived to calculate the roof failure height of the panel. Considering the geological conditions of No. 9 and No. 12 coal seams of Zhaogezhuang Coal Mine, economic effectiveness, and proposed techniques, we concluded that the top layer (4 m of the No. 12 coal seam should be mined first. The top layer of the No. 9 coal seam should be subsequently mined. The topcaving technique was applied to the exploitation of the lower layer of the No. 12 coal seam. Practically monitored data revealed that the deformation and failure of the No. 2699 panel roadway was small and controllable, the amount of gas emission was reduced significantly, and the effect of upward mining was active. The results of this study provide theory basics for mine designing, and it is the provision of a reference for safe and efficient coal exploitation under similar conditions.

  1. Research on mechanism of groundwater pollution from mine water in abandoned mines

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Lai-gui; LI Xi-lin; LIU Ling; HAN Liang

    2008-01-01

    In order to understand the mechanism and regularity of the groundwater contamination from mine water of abandoned mines, experiments were conducted on an abandoned coal mine in Fuxin, a representative city with lots of mine water in northeast China. The groundwater pollution from different contaminants of coal-mining voids (total hardness, SO2-4, Cl and total Fe) and pollution factors transportation situation in the coal rock were simulated by soil column experiment under the conditions of mine water leaching and main water leaching (similar to rainwater leaching), and the water-rock interaction mechanism was discussed during mine water infiltration through saturated coal rock by application of principle of mass conservation, based on physical properties of coal rock, as well as monitored chemical composition. The results show that, compared with the clear water leaching process, trends of change in pollutant concentrations presented different characteristics in the mine water leaching process. Groundwater is contaminated by the water rock interactions such as migration & accumulation, adsorption & transformation,dissolution & desorption and ion exchange during the mine water permeation. The experiments also suggest that at first dissolution rate of some kinds of dissoluble salts is high,but it decreases with leaching time, even to zero during both the mine water leaching and main water leaching.

  2. Mine Lifecycle Planning and Enduring Value for Remote communities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stuart Robertson

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Mine lifecycle planning is critical to developing enduring value from mining for remote communities. The history of mining is replete with examples of communities being unsustainable post mine closure. The concept of enduring value involves ensuring that a sustainable community will remain following the closure of an associated mine. Since 2003, awareness has increased amongst the International and Australian peak mining bodies for the need to plan for enduring community value. This increased awareness has developed alongside the requirement for mining companies to operate in a socially responsible manner by maintaining a social license to operate. This paper thematically reviews the literature relevant to mine life cycle planning, enduring value, the socio-economic impacts of mining, and mine closure. Conditions required for a community to gain enduring value from mining include: ‘normalisation’ rather than being a ‘closed’ town; the existence of government support and funding; and realised economic diversification opportunities. It is imperative that these conditions are given due consideration 1 in the initial stages of mine and town planning and 2 throughout the life of the mine through ongoing monitoring and community engagement. However, we acknowledge the shortcomings in assuming planning is a panacea and suggest areas for further testing.

  3. Wikipedia Mining

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nakayama, Kotaro; Ito, Masahiro; Erdmann, Maike; Shirakawa, Masumi; Michishita, Tomoyuki; Hara, Takahiro; Nishio, Shojiro

    Wikipedia, a collaborative Wiki-based encyclopedia, has become a huge phenomenon among Internet users. It covers a huge number of concepts of various fields such as arts, geography, history, science, sports and games. As a corpus for knowledge extraction, Wikipedia's impressive characteristics are not limited to the scale, but also include the dense link structure, URL based word sense disambiguation, and brief anchor texts. Because of these characteristics, Wikipedia has become a promising corpus and a new frontier for research. In the past few years, a considerable number of researches have been conducted in various areas such as semantic relatedness measurement, bilingual dictionary construction, and ontology construction. Extracting machine understandable knowledge from Wikipedia to enhance the intelligence on computational systems is the main goal of "Wikipedia Mining," a project on CREP (Challenge for Realizing Early Profits) in JSAI. In this paper, we take a comprehensive, panoramic view of Wikipedia Mining research and the current status of our challenge. After that, we will discuss about the future vision of this challenge.

  4. 77 FR 65546 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Petition To Amend Authorizations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Petition To... Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (collectively, Sabine Pass), 700 Milam Street, Suite... and operate certain related facilities (Modification Project) at the existing Sabine Pass LNG...

  5. 78 FR 62319 - Golden Pass Products, LLC, Golden Pass Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-16

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Golden Pass Products, LLC, Golden Pass Pipeline, LLC; Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Assessment for the Planned Golden Pass LNG Export Project and Golden Pass Export... operation of the Golden Pass Liquefied Natural Gas (LNG) Project and Golden Pass Export Pipeline...

  6. 78 FR 66909 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application to Amend...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-07

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC; Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application... Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P. (collectively, Sabine Pass), 700 Milam Street...,006 Bcf per year). Sabine Pass' requested increase in authorized capacity is an increase from...

  7. Message passing for quantified Boolean formulas

    CERN Document Server

    Zhang, Pan; Zdeborová, Lenka; Zecchina, Riccardo

    2012-01-01

    We introduce two types of message passing algorithms for quantified Boolean formulas (QBF). The first type is a message passing based heuristics that can prove unsatisfiability of the QBF by assigning the universal variables in such a way that the remaining formula is unsatisfiable. In the second type, we use message passing to guide branching heuristics of a Davis-Putnam Logemann-Loveland (DPLL) complete solver. Numerical experiments show that on random QBFs our branching heuristics gives robust exponential efficiency gain with respect to the state-of-art solvers. We also manage to solve some previously unsolved benchmarks from the QBFLIB library. Apart from this our study sheds light on using message passing in small systems and as subroutines in complete solvers.

  8. How to pass higher English colour

    CERN Document Server

    Bridges, Ann

    2009-01-01

    How to Pass is the Number 1 revision series for Scottish qualifications across the three examination levels of Standard Grade, Intermediate and Higher! Second editions of the books present all of the material in full colour for the first time.

  9. Automated Procedure for Roll Pass Design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lambiase, F.; Langella, A.

    2009-04-01

    The aim of this work has been to develop an automatic roll pass design method, capable of minimizing the number of roll passes. The adoption of artificial intelligence technologies, particularly expert systems, and a hybrid model for the surface profile evaluation of rolled bars, has allowed us to model the search for the minimal sequence with a tree path search. This approach permitted a geometrical optimization of roll passes while allowing automation of the roll pass design process. Moreover, the heuristic nature of the inferential engine contributes a great deal toward reducing search time, thus allowing such a system to be employed for industrial purposes. Finally, this new approach was compared with other recently developed automatic systems to validate and measure possible improvements among them.

  10. Post-mining policies and practices in the Eastern USA coal region

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Jeff Skousen; Carl E. Zipper

    2014-01-01

    Surface coal mines prior to 1950 in the USA were generally left without any reclamation. As government regulations advanced since then, mine operators were required to backfill the area and plant grasses or trees. After the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) was passed in 1977 in the USA, mine operators were required to conduct pre-mining analyses of the site and to designate a land use that could be achieved after mining. Successful reclamation, as needed to satisfy today’s societal demands, requires engineering, design, and purposeful reconstruction of the full mining disturbance, not just its surface, and control of waters leaving the mine site. Effective reclamation on modern American coal mines is fully integrated with the mining operation. A suitable and effective post-mining land use that is sustainable for future generations is crucial to the long-term success and profitability of the mining business and to the future economic benefits of the landowner. Accepted post-mining land uses in the USA are:(1) prime farmland, (2) hay land and pasture, (3) biofuel crops, (4) forestry, (5) wildlife habitat, and (6) building site development. Policies and regulations for each post-mining land use were developed and practices to achieve successful and sustainable land uses were established. Post-mining conditions should provide ecosystem services and produce lands capable of supporting societal needs in the future.

  11. Torch Relay:Love Is Passing on

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ May is not an ordinary month for the whole China, as the 8.0-magnitude earthquake hit sonthwest of China and shocked thc whole nation. And now, the torch relay in China is endowed with more responsibility and significance: to pass on the passion, also the compassion. No matter the torch relay is paused or going on, Olym-pic spirit is passing on. So is the love.

  12. SCALAR MULTI-PASS ATOMIC MAGNETOMETER

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-08-01

    active volume including relaxation on cell walls. 4 Approved for public release; distribution is unlimited. Fig. 6...measurements, and suppression of spin-exchange relaxation to achieve the highest sensitivity per unit volume. We developed a new multi-pass cell geometry...suppression of spin-exchange relaxation to achieve the highest sensitivity per unit volume. During the project we developed a new multi-pass cell geometry

  13. Longwall mining and surface deformation – lessons learned from dInSAR measurements

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Engelbrecht, Jeanine

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available including 1) subsidence related to mining and groundwater abstraction, 2) deformation following earthquake events, 3) monitoring of landslides and slope stability, 4) monitoring the stability of infrastructure and large engineering works, and 5) monitoring...

  14. 矿用高压开关柜的弧光监测与保护系统%Online monitoring and protection system for the arc fault of the mining high-voltage switchgear

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张杰; 马宏伟

    2013-01-01

      煤矿工业现场特殊的生产环境对电气设备的安全运行提出了更高的要求,尤其是以故障电弧为主的电气故障蕴含着巨大的安全隐患。传统的故障电弧监测和保护手段一般基于电流、电压、弧光等单一信号的提取和判断,虽然组合式监测方法已被提出,但往往实现复杂,成本较高。提出电流和弧光双判据的监测方法,通过光敏三极管阵列的传感措施,结合专家系统的评估方法,可以有效判断并定位高压开关柜中的故障电弧,及时切除故障,进而提高设备的工作寿命和安全可靠性,为煤矿电力系统的安全稳定运行提供保障。%The specific on-site environment of the mining industry field puts forward higher request to the safe operation of electrical equipment. Especially the arc-fault is one of the most important causes of disasters in distribution system. The traditional methods of the arc-fault detection and protection are based on the extraction and diagnosis of the single signals such as electric current, voltage, arc light, etc. Though the combined methodology has been proposed, it is difficult to implement and the cost is increased. On the basis, a double-criterion monitoring and protection method is proposed, which takes both electric current and arc light as the monitoring parameters. By use of the sensing measures of photosensitive dynatron matrix and expert system evaluation method, arc-fault in the high-voltage switch cabinet can be effectively judged and located and the fault can be cut timely, then the service life and safety and reliability of switch apparatus can be enhanced, ensuring the safe and stable operation of the mining power system.

  15. Message Passing Framework for Globally Interconnected Clusters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafeez, M.; Asghar, S.; Malik, U. A.; Rehman, A.; Riaz, N.

    2011-12-01

    In prevailing technology trends it is apparent that the network requirements and technologies will advance in future. Therefore the need of High Performance Computing (HPC) based implementation for interconnecting clusters is comprehensible for scalability of clusters. Grid computing provides global infrastructure of interconnecting clusters consisting of dispersed computing resources over Internet. On the other hand the leading model for HPC programming is Message Passing Interface (MPI). As compared to Grid computing, MPI is better suited for solving most of the complex computational problems. MPI itself is restricted to a single cluster. It does not support message passing over the internet to use the computing resources of different clusters in an optimal way. We propose a model that provides message passing capabilities between parallel applications over the internet. The proposed model is based on Architecture for Java Universal Message Passing (A-JUMP) framework and Enterprise Service Bus (ESB) named as High Performance Computing Bus. The HPC Bus is built using ActiveMQ. HPC Bus is responsible for communication and message passing in an asynchronous manner. Asynchronous mode of communication offers an assurance for message delivery as well as a fault tolerance mechanism for message passing. The idea presented in this paper effectively utilizes wide-area intercluster networks. It also provides scheduling, dynamic resource discovery and allocation, and sub-clustering of resources for different jobs. Performance analysis and comparison study of the proposed framework with P2P-MPI are also presented in this paper.

  16. Stability of numerical simulation and security monitoring of filling method to mining the hanging wall ore on high-steep slope%高陡边坡下充填法开采挂帮矿稳定性数值模拟与安全监测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴姗; 宋卫东; 杜建华; 张兴才; 周家祥

    2013-01-01

    Exploitation of hanging wall ore with filling method can not only recycle ore, but also avoid decline of the slope and control deformation of surrounding rock effectively. Based on the hanging wall ore mining by filling method of Daye Iron Mine, Cavity Monitoring System (CMS) is used in this paper to detect the original goaf of hanging wall ore. Then stress, displacement and plastic deformation of surrounding rock and open-pit slope in the processing of mining the hanging wall ore are analyzed by CMS and 3D mine-FLAC3D coupled method. The calculation results show that the surrounding rock and open-pit slope deformation can be controlled by filling the goaf effectively, so that the hanging wall ore can be mined safely. In the process of mining the hanging wall ore, monitoring network containing stress, fractures convergence and total station is established to monitor real-timely the displacement and stress changes of the surrounding rock, the pillar and the slope. The monitoring results aregenerally in agreement with the numerical simulation.%充填法开采挂帮矿不但可以充分回采矿石,而且可以有效地防止边坡下滑和控制采场围岩变形。以武钢大冶铁矿尖山挂帮矿体采用充填法开采为工程背景,运用 CMS 三维空区探测系统对原有空区进行探测,通过CMS及3D mine-FLAC3D耦合的方法对开采充填过程中采场围岩及露天边坡的应力、位移和塑性变形进行了数值模拟计算分析,提高了数值模拟的可靠程度。计算结果表明,采空区的充填可有效地控制围岩及露天边坡的变形,实现安全开采。在挂帮矿体开采过程中,建立应力、断面收敛及全站仪联合监测网,对采场围岩、矿柱及边坡的位移、应力变化进行实时监测,监测结果与数值模拟计算结果基本一致。

  17. Geotechnical applications of geophysics in coal mining

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hatherly, P. [CMTE/CSIRO Exploration and Mining, North Ryde, NSW (Australia)

    2002-07-01

    In coal mining, geophysical techniques have an established application in determining the location of seam boundaries ahead of the face so that underground mines can be planned to avoid any geological structures that might disrupt production. Geophysics can also be used in geotechnical studies to determine the in situ properties of the rock mass and the response of the rock mass to the mining. The use of geophysical logs and microseismic monitoring in these geotechnical applications are discussed in this paper. 16 refs., 4 figs.

  18. Revegetação de áreas de mineração: critérios de monitoramento e avaliação do desempenho Monitoring and evaluating performance of mining revegetation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Olímpia Peláez Ocampo Almeida

    2005-02-01

    Full Text Available A recuperação de áreas degradadas pela mineração normalmente envolve atividades que têm o objetivo de restabelecer a vegetação. O acompanhamento dos resultados dessa atividade é muitas vezes inexistente ou conduzido de maneira assistemática. O trabalho seleciona um conjunto de indicadores com a finalidade de facilitar a tarefa de avaliação dos resultados da recuperação ambiental em áreas de extração de areia. O emprego de indicadores adequados facilita a compreensão e a interpretação dos resultados da revegetação para diferentes categorias de interessados, como empresários, agentes públicos e a comunidade em geral. Cinco indicadores selecionados - aspecto visual, densidade de plantas, altura média de plantas, número de espécies arbóreas e mortalidade de mudas - foram levantados em duas minas. Na primeira, foram avaliadas duas áreas revegetadas em uma bacia de disposição de rejeitos; na segunda mina, foi avaliada uma área de mata ciliar em vias de recuperação. Em parcelas situadas em cada mina foram medidos ou observados os parâmetros correspondentes aos indicadores selecionados. Os resultados apontam que as áreas ainda não atingiram o patamar esperado em termos de sucesso da revegetação. Os indicadores utilizados revelam-se eficazes para a avaliação pretendida, uma vez que podem ser obtidos com procedimentos de baixo custo, demandam pouco tempo, não requerem conhecimento especializado e representam satisfatoriamente o estado da área revegetada.Rehabilitation of mined areas usually involves some revegetation. However, as follow-up is seldom implemented, the success of such programs is largely unknown. This paper reviews a set of indicators potentially applicable to monitoring and evaluating the results of revegetation in mined areas. A benefit of using indicators is that, ideally, they can facilitate the understanding and interpretation of obtained data, being useful to all stakeholders - mining company

  19. Indian deep-sea environment experiment (INDEX): Monitoring the restoration of marine enviroment after artificial disturbance to simulate deep-sea mining in central Indian Basin

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Sharma, R.

    of the experiment on the benthic ecosystem that were published in Marine Georesources and Geotechnology (Volume 18, No. 3, 2000) and Deep-Sea Research (Volume 48, No. 16, 2001). The correct order of the papers should have been: Monitoring the Impact of Simulated... of the National Institute of Oceanography, India, has been published in the Marine Georesources and Geotechnology journal, vol. 23 (September–December 2005). It has 11 papers dealing with different aspects of deep-sea environment asso- ciated with polymetallic...

  20. National Underground Mines Inventory

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-01

    08 019 726 LONG PARK 15 0502379 08 095 2904 GEO a1 MINE 0502383 08 085 2904 BESSIE 0 MINE 0502387 08 667 2904 PAYSTREAK 0502397 08 113 2904 BUENO MILL...35 061QUESTA MINE 2901267 35 055 43560 ’ RUDY NO, I S 2 2901364 35 031 MT, TAYLOR 2901375 35 061 0 MARQUEZ SHAFT 2901597 35 031 6534 MARIANO LAKE MINE

  1. Mining ergonomics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McPhee, B.

    2007-02-15

    Changes in work practices and a drive for greater productivity have introduced a range of emerging issues in ergonomics in mining. Some of the practices appear to be at odds with the need to improve general occupational health and safety. Longer shift lengths and fatigue, mental overload and underload, intermittent heavy physical work, reduced task variation, sedentary work in fixed postures and whole-body vibration all have risks for health and safety. The increasing age of some of the workforce is of concern. There appears to be a need to recognise these as potential causes of health problems. The article gives a review of these problems are reports on research findings. 36 refs., 3 figs.

  2. Mining lore : Bankhead, mining for coal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Nichiporuk, A.

    2007-09-15

    Bankhead, Alberta was one of the first communities to be established because of mining. It was founded in 1903 by the Canadian Pacific Railway (CPR) on Cascade Mountain in the Bow River Valley of Banff National Park. In 1904, Mine No. 80 was opened by the Pacific Coal Company to fuel CPR's steam engines. In order to avoid flooding the mine, the decision was made to mine up the steep seams instead of down. The mine entered full production in 1905. This article described the working conditions and pay scale for the mine workers, noting that there was not much in terms of safety equipment. There were many accidents and 15 men lost their lives at the mine. During the mine's 20-year operation, miners went on strike 6 times. The last strike marked the closure of the mine in June 1922 and the end of industry in national parks. CPR was ordered to clear out and move the mining equipment as well as the houses, buildings and essentially the entire town. During its peak production, Mine No. 80 produced about a half million tons of coal. 1 ref., 1 fig.

  3. 自然睡眠测量技术发展和信息挖掘%Development of Natural Sleep Monitoring Technique and Data Mining

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨军; 俞梦; 曹征涛

    2014-01-01

    Continuously measuring sleep parameter is an objective way to understand human sleep course. The natural sleep monitoring technique which invented by our team has been applied in the army and clinic. The paper reports on what author had found from theresearchof natural sleep monitoring technique.Diverse applications of sleep measuring were discussed In open vision.%睡眠过程生理参数的连续测量是研究认识睡眠的客观手段。自2003年起本课题组发明的自然睡眠监测技术开始在部队和临床推广应用,本研究小组持续关注使用此技术产品在临床和相关研究课题所获得的睡眠数据,并探索其可能获得的健康、疾病状态信息,发展其功能,开拓其可能的应用领域。本文报告在此研究过程中的发现和体会,尤其对于睡眠过程长时间连续生理参数中的信息挖掘提出可行的路径。

  4. Based on the Big Data Mining Technology for the Design of Catering Oil Water Separator Monitoring System%依托大数据挖掘的餐饮业油水分离器监测系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于志强; 王齐兴

    2015-01-01

    According to the relevant Shanghai Food Safety provisions,various types of data of the Oil-water separators in the catering companies must be real-timely monitored and processed.In order to realize the auto data monitoring and processing requirement of the regulatory authorities,the system architecture,system network topology, system data lfow and data lifecycle management have been studied to design the catering oil water separator monitoring system based on the big data mining technology and realize the online monitoring and alarm function.Relying on big data technologythis system could solve the problem of traditional data processing such as time consuming in data searching and locating,high cost and low efifciency and also could provide the environmental protection department with a platform which can supervise those catering companies and provide law enforcement basis.%针对上海市食品安全相关规定,安装在餐饮企业的油水分离装置的各类数据必须进行实时监控与处理。为了实现监管部门的自动化数据监测处理要求,从总体系统架构、网络拓扑、数据流向、数据生命周期方面进行了研究,探讨基于大数据挖掘的餐饮业油水分离器监测系统的软件设计,实现在线监测与报警等功能,依托大数据挖掘技术解决传统管理监测中的数据定位搜寻处理费时费力、成本高效率低等问题,为环保部门对餐饮企业的长效管理提供平台支持及执法依据。

  5. The Hillcrest mine disaster: Canada's deadliest mining accident

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baldwin, Corey

    2011-02-15

    On June 19, 1914, the worst mining incident in Canadian history occurred at the Hillcrest coal mine in the Crowsnest Pass, in the southern Alberta-BC border. An overproduction occurred a few days before the disaster and the mine was then shut down during the two previous days to check for methane gas pockets. As the union committee did not find any, work resumed on June 19 and 234 men entered the mine. At 9:30 a.m. a massive explosion took place followed by one or two other explosions. The entrance to the mine was obstructed trapping the survivors in the mine with a lack of oxygen and rise of CO2 levels up to 50%. Rescue teams entered the mine facing the risk of further explosions and 46 men were saved by the end of the day. To commemorate this accident a monument was built at the entrance to the Hillcrest cemetery in honor of all miners killed on the job in Canada.

  6. Mining and environment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kisgyorgy, S.

    1986-01-01

    The realization of new mining projects should be preceded by detailed studies on the impact of mining activities on the environment. For defining the conditions of environmental protection and for making proper financial plans the preparation of an information system is needed. The possible social effects of the mining investments have to be estimated, first of all from the points of view of waste disposal, mining hydrology, subsidence due to underground mining etc.

  7. MINING SURVEY SYSTEM (MSS – INNOVATIVE SOLUTION IN POLISH MINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adamek Artur

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Mobile laser scanning technology is developing rapidly also in mining. For several years research and tests are conducted on the use of that type of measurement in the inventory of the mine shafts. The company SKALA 3D in the project 1.4 POIG by PARP undertook to create Mobile automatic steering system of spatial geometry measurements mine shafts using laser scanning technology. Its main advantage is a faithful reflection of the object being measured in just a few hours. It is based on the data flowing from laser scannersand precision inertial unit. The main problem of the research was to determine the trajectory of the passing Mobile Platforms Mining (MPG in the shaft as accurately as possible. Unable toreceive signals from satellites in the pipe shaft prevented the use of solutions known for measuring terrestrial mobile systems. The company SKALA 3D has developed a methodology for determine the trajectory of the system, based on geometrical data coming from laser scanners and readings of accelerometers and gyroscopes of inertial unit. To improve the quality and accuracy of measurements MPG is also equipped with a set of anti-vibration parts prevent the transmission of vibrations ascending while cage is moving in the shaft on the measuring system. The whole forms a calibrated system, which in a short time is able to provide spatial measurement data from the measuring shaft. The accuracy of 2-3 mm in a single measurement horizon and a few centimeters determine the position of a point on the thousandth meter below ground make the system very accurate. During the project there have been numerous research problems, including the need to define the physical references, drift of IMU whether harsh weather conditions in the shaft. However, the company SKALA 3D solved these problems and making MPG unique in the world.

  8. Belt fires and mine escape problems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kovac, J.G.; Lazzara, C.P. [Bureau of Mines, Pittsburgh, PA (United States); Kravitz, J.H.

    1996-12-31

    A conveyor belt fire in an underground coal mine is a serious threat to life and property. About 30% of the reportable underground coal mine fires from 1988 through 1992 occurred in belt entries. In one instance, a fire started in the drive area of a belt line, spread rapidly, and resulted in seating of the entire mine. Large-scale studies conducted by the U.S. Bureau of Mines in an aboveground fire gallery at Lake Lynn Laboratory clearly show the hazards of conveyor belt fires. Mine conveyor belt formulations which passed the current Federal acceptance test for fire-resistant betting were completely consumed by propagating fires or propagated flame, with flame spread rates ranging from 0.3 to 9 m/min. High downstream temperatures and large quantities of smoke and toxic gases, such as carbon monoxide, were generated as the belting burned. The smoke and gases can be spread by the mine`s ventilation system and can create significant problems for miners in the process of evacuation, such as reduction in visibility and incapacitation. In the aftermath of a belt fire, the atmosphere inside of the mine can become smoke filled or unbreathable, forcing miners to evacuate while wearing Self-Contained Self-Rescuers (SCSR`s), Sometimes there is confusion about how to regard the rated duration of an MSHA/NIOSH-approved 60-min. SCSR, especially when an SCSR is used in a way which takes it outside of the test conditions under which it was approved. As examples, for a mine escape that takes a miner from the deepest point of penetration in the mine to the surface: How long will a 60-min. SCSR actually last? and How many SCSR`s will a miner need? To answer these kinds of questions, in-mine data being gathered on escape times, distance and heart rates using miners escaping on foot and under oxygen. A model will be developed and validated which predicts how much oxygen is actually needed for a mine escape, and compares oxygen consumption bare faced versus wearing an SCSR.

  9. 铜坑矿92#矿柱群回采过程中的声发射监测应用与分析%THE APPLICATIONS AND ANALYSIS OF THE ACOUSTIC EMISSION MONITORING FOR THE STOPING PROCESS OF THE 92# PILLAR GROUP IN THE TONGKENG MINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁本胜; 张银平; 黄道钦; 兰虎; 史晓鹏

    2011-01-01

    The direct roof of the 92* orebody in Tongkeng mine is the consolidated or non-consolidated goaf filling when mining the 91* orebody. Furthermore, over 450,000 m3 goaf are still unfilled forming a vast risk zone over the slowly inclined large and thick orebody, which leads to complex mining conditions and frequent geostatic activity. According to the actual situation of Tongkeng mine, a multi-channel AE monitoring system is established (this article only covers eight channels) in order to monitor the ground pressure in the 92* orebody mining. Based on the monitoring data, this paper analyzes parameters such as the number of AE events and wave, and strikes statistically the correlation between the stress field of mining the 92* orebody in Tongkeng mine and the acoustic emission activity frequency.%锏坑矿92#矿体的直接顶板就是开采91#矿体时的胶结或者非胶结的空区充填体,并且尚存在未充填采空区45万m3,使92#缓倾斜厚大矿体的上部形成大范围的隐患区,开采条件十分复杂,地压活动非常频繁.根据矿山实际建立了一套多通道岩体声发射监测系统(本文仅取其中的8个通道),对92#矿体的回采过程进行地压活动监测.本文在现场采集监测数据的基础上,对声发射事件数、波形等参数进行了分析,统计得出了铜坑矿92#矿体回采过程中采场应力场与声发射活动频度之间的相关关系.

  10. Study on the forecast method for underground coal mine

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SUN Ji-ping; REN Hui; REN Lan-zhu; WANG Kun

    2006-01-01

    At present, coal mine fires were for ecasted with some temperature, smog, CO,CO2, etc, however, this method can't meet the requirements for safe production of coal mines in monitoring accuracy and validity. Overcoming these problems of foregone monitoring methods, using multi-parameters which include fire image, smog, CO, CO2, O2, etc,the paper put forward a synthetical analysis monitor with advanced technology of neural network. The research and application of this method has significance in theory and practical value for coal mine fire forecast.

  11. MAP Estimation, Message Passing, and Perfect Graphs

    CERN Document Server

    Jebara, Tony S

    2012-01-01

    Efficiently finding the maximum a posteriori (MAP) configuration of a graphical model is an important problem which is often implemented using message passing algorithms. The optimality of such algorithms is only well established for singly-connected graphs and other limited settings. This article extends the set of graphs where MAP estimation is in P and where message passing recovers the exact solution to so-called perfect graphs. This result leverages recent progress in defining perfect graphs (the strong perfect graph theorem), linear programming relaxations of MAP estimation and recent convergent message passing schemes. The article converts graphical models into nand Markov random fields which are straightforward to relax into linear programs. Therein, integrality can be established in general by testing for graph perfection. This perfection test is performed efficiently using a polynomial time algorithm. Alternatively, known decomposition tools from perfect graph theory may be used to prove perfection ...

  12. 煤矿安全监控系统传输中断后断点续传必要性的探讨%Probe on Necessity of Broken-point Continuingly-transferring after Transmission Interruption of Coal Mine Safety Monitoring and Control System

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建庆

    2011-01-01

    针对煤矿安全监控系统传输中断后数据恢复上传的情况,在遵守《AQ6201-2006煤矿安全监控系统通用技术要求》的前提下,进行了是否有必要增加数据断点续传功能的探讨,得出了在目前以时分制为主的煤矿安全监控系统中实现断点续传的必要性不大的结论.%In view of status of data recowery transmission after data break off of coal mine safety monitoring and control system, the paper discussed whether there is a necessity to increase function of data broken-point continuingly-transferring in compliance with AQ6201-2006 Coal Mine Safety Monitoring System General Technical Requirements, and obtained conclusion that broken-point continuingly-transferring is unnecessary in coal mine safety monitoring and control system which used time-devision system at present.

  13. Efficient, Narrow-Pass-Band Optical Filters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sandford, Stephen P.

    1996-01-01

    Optical filters with both narrow pass bands and high efficiencies fabricated to design specifications. Offer tremendous improvements in performance for number of optical (including infrared) systems. In fiber-optic and free-space communication systems, precise frequency discrimination afforded by narrow pass bands of filters provide higher channel capacities. In active and passive remote sensors like lidar and gas-filter-correlation radiometers, increased efficiencies afforded by filters enhance detection of small signals against large background noise. In addition, sizes, weights, and power requirements of many optical and infrared systems reduced by taking advantage of gains in signal-to-noise ratios delivered by filters.

  14. Contact conditions in skin-pass rolling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kijima, Hideo; Bay, Niels

    2007-01-01

    The special contact conditions in skin-pass rolling of steel strip is analysed by studying plane strain upsetting of thin sheet with low reduction applying long narrow tools and dry friction conditions. An extended sticking region is estimated by an elasto-plastic FEM analysis of the plane strain...... upsetting. This sticking region causes a highly inhomogeneous elasto-plastic deformation with large influence of work-hardening and friction. A numerical analysis of skin-pass rolling shows the same contact conditions, i.e. an extended sticking region around the center of the contact zone. The calculated...

  15. All Pass Network Based MSO Using OTRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajeshwari Pandey

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents multiphase sinusoidal oscillators (MSOs using operational transresistance amplifier (OTRA based all pass networks. Both even and odd phase oscillations of equal amplitudes which are equally spaced in phase can be produced using single all pass section per phase. The proposed MSOs provide voltage output and can readily be used for driving voltage input circuits without increasing component count. The effect of nonideality of OTRA on the circuit performance is also analysed. The functionality of the proposed circuit is verified through PSPICE simulations.

  16. Research of insulation condition monitoring and fault diagnosing method of motor of mine main ventilator%主通风机电动机绝缘状态监测及故障诊断方法研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毕小玉; 田慕琴; 宋建成; 吝伶艳; 郑丽君; 李传扬

    2013-01-01

    The paper analyzed causes of insulation aging status and insulation failure and its evolution process of motor of mine main ventilator,introduced an online insulation condition monitoring and fault diagnosing system of motor of mine main ventilator.In order to solve problems which will lead to signal ambiguity in insulation status failure diagnosing process,it proposed insulation fault diagnosing method of motor based on fuzzy theory and D-S evidence theory combining with existing database of fault diagnostic information.The method uses fuzzy theory to calculate membership function values of fault information,and uses combination rules of the D-S evidence theory to realize information fusion and processing to determine types of insulation fault of the system according to corresponding diagnostic criteria.The instance analysis of the system verifies feasibility and validity of the method.%分析了矿井主通风机电动机绝缘老化状态及绝缘故障产生原因和演变过程,介绍了一种矿井主通风机电动机绝缘状态在线监测及故障诊断系统;结合现有的故障数据库,针对绝缘状态故障诊断过程中信号的模糊性问题,提出了一种基于模糊理论与D-S证据理论的电动机绝缘故障诊断方法.该方法运用模糊理论求取故障信息的隶属度函数值,利用D-S证据理论组合规则进行信息融合与处理,根据相应的诊断判定准则,确定系统的绝缘故障类型.系统实例分析验证了该方法的可行性和有效性.

  17. 基于物联网感知的煤矿安全监测数据级融合研究%Reasearch on the data levels fusion of mine safe monitoring the perception of Internet of Things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王军号; 孟祥瑞

    2012-01-01

    With respect to the complexity and uncertainty in coal mine safety monitoring, Internet of Things (IoT) per- ception was used in the safety monitoring system. Distributed Star-shaped Wireless Sensor Network (DSWSN) was con- structed in perception layer of IoT and the data levels fusion algorithm for perceiving coal mine safety in application layer of IoT was studied in depth. Dynamic amplitude limiting filtering algorithm, which was combined with confidence distance measure and data timestamp was used to pretreat data for elimination of any blunder errors. Optimal weighted estimation algorithm was applied to complete data level fusion, without requiring any priori knowledge of sensor' s measurement data. According to self-correlation and cross-correlation estimations of sensor variances, the fusion values with minimum mean square errors and meeting unbiassedness requirements were obtained. The simulation results show that the algorithm is characterized with rational weight distribution, stable absolute error fluctuations, sound dynamic response characteristics, fast convergence speed and the ability to effectively filter out interference data. Such results have demonstrated its rationality and strong robustness and can satisfy safety monitoring requirements.%针对煤矿安全监控的复杂性和不确定性,把物联网感知应用到安全监测系统中,在物联网感知层中构建了分布式星状无线传感器网络(DSWSN),深入研究了物联网应用层中感知煤矿安全的数据级融合算法。运用置信距离测度与采集数据的时间戳相结合的动态限幅滤波算法对数据进行预处理以消除疏失误差,采用最优加权估计算法完成数据级融合,不需要具备传感器测量数据的任何先验知识,依据传感器方差的自相关和互相关估计,就可融合出均方误差最小且满足无偏性的数据融合值。仿真结果表明,本算法具有权值分布合理,绝对误差波动平稳,

  18. 76 FR 9573 - Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-02-18

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P.; Notice of Application Take notice that on January 31, 2011, Sabine Pass Liquefaction, LLC and Sabine Pass LNG, L.P... (Liquefaction Project) at the existing Sabine Pass LNG Terminal, located in Cameron Parish, Louisiana....

  19. Electric wheel dump truck mine design condition monitoring and fault diagnosis system%矿用电动轮自卸车状态监测和故障诊断系统设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    谭秀腾; 郭小定; 张轶; 余亮

    2014-01-01

    矿用电动轮自卸车由于其趋向大型自动化、结构复杂化,使设备故障维护难度加大,因此文中根据实际需求设计了在线状态监测和故障诊断系统。在该系统中,为了提高数据合理有效的采集与传输,采用了CAN 网络总线结构,同时系统使用了高性能的数字信号处理器TMS320F2812作为信息单元、状态监测器的微控制芯片,并在状态监测控制器上采用了实时多任务嵌入式操作系统DSP/BIOS,满足了诊断系统并发多任务的需要,上位机设计了基于故障诊断专家的管理系统。实验表明,系统基本满足设计要求。%Due to its tendency of large automation and complicated structure,mine explosion-proof electric wheel dump truck makes the equipment fault maintenance harder;therefore according to the actual requirements, the online condition monitoring and fault diagnosis system is designed in this paper.In the system,in order to improve the reasonable and effective data collection and transmission,the system adopts CAN bus network architecture,and meanwhile the system uses the high performance digital signal processor TMS320F2812 as the controller of information unit and the state monitoring.The streamlined real -time multitasking embedded operating system DSP/BIOS is adopted on the condition monitoring controller,which will meet the needs of concurrent multitasking.The management system based on fault diagnosis expert is designed on the upper machine.Experiment shows that the system can meet the design requirements.

  20. Development of Internet Public Opinion Monitoring System Based on the Information Mining in College%基于信息挖掘的高校网络舆情监测系统开发

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于琨; 孙新领

    2012-01-01

    受网上各种信息的影响,高校大学生对社会诸多现象、现实和问题等反应敏感,易受到错误言论的蒙蔽和误导。针对高校网络舆情监测与预警手段方面的严重不足,开发了一个基于网络信息挖掘技术的高校网络舆情监测系统,系统利用网络蜘蛛技术、中文分词技术和文本聚类技术,通过对互联网信息进行采集、处理,舆情识别分析,实现了舆情热点与话题信息的推送与跟踪功能,可进一步分析舆情内容的观点与态度问题,筛选并判定各级别网络舆情的发生,从而进行公共危机和热点事件的监测和预警。%As the scale expansion of the Internet users of college,many college students are vulnerable to errors and misleading statements to deceive,in that they are sensitive to reality,phenomena,and problems of social.In order to improve Internet public opinion monitoring and early warning technical systems,this paper developed a Internet public opinion monitoring system based on the information mining technology in college,which adopted web spiders technology,the Chinese word segmentation technology,and text clustering technique.By the Internet information collecting,processing,public opinion recognition analyzing,the system can push and track the hot topic of the information with public opinion,can further analyzes of the contents of the public opinion and attitude to view,Screening and to judge the happening of different levels of public opinions,and thus can monitor and warn the public crisis and hot issues.This has an important application value and meaning for colleges and universities to make full use of network public opinion,strengthen propaganda and the management of the spread of information security,build a harmonious campus.

  1. Earthquake Monitoring in Australia Using Satellite Radar Interferometry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ge Lin-lin; E. Cheng; D. Polonska; C. Rizos; C. Collins; C. Smith

    2003-01-01

    Are there any earthquakes in Australia? Although most Australians are not as familiar with earthquakes as citizens in countries such as Japan, there are some quakes on the Australian continent every year. Differential Synthetic Aperture Radar Interferometry (DInSAR) has been widely used in recent years for monitoring crustal deformation due to earthquakes, volcanoes, underground mining, oil extraction,and so on. Hence the follow-on question is, can repeat-pass satellite DInSAR be used in Australian regions to monitor earthquakes? Nine ERS-1 and ERS-2 radar images of the Burakin region in Western Australia were used to form the InSAR pairs.Twenty-two InSAR pairs were formed and were used to study the temporal decorrelation characteristics in the Burakin area. It was found that good coherence could be maintained all over the full scene for a pair spanning 211 d. The repeat cycles of RADARSAT and ERS (all C-band SAR missions) are 24 and 35 drespectively, Furthermore it is easier to maintain good coherence in L-band SAR images (e.g. the JERS-1 mission has a 44 d repeat cycle). Therefore the authors are confident that repeat-pass differential InSAR can be used to monitor ground deformation due to earthquakes in the Burakin region.

  2. 33 CFR 401.31 - Meeting and passing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ..., no vessel shall overtake and pass or attempt to overtake and pass another vessel— (1) In any canal; (2) Within 600 m of a canal or lock entrance; or (3) After the order of passing through has...

  3. Modeling drivers' passing duration and distance in a virtual environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haneen Farah

    2013-07-01

    The main contribution of this paper is in the empirical models developed for passing duration and distance which highlights the factors that affect drivers' passing behavior and can be used to enhance the passing models in simulation programs.

  4. Generalizing Galileo's passé-dix game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hombas, Vassilios

    2012-07-01

    This article shows a generalization of Galileo's 'passé-dix' game. The game was born following one of Galileo's [G. Galileo, Sopra le Scoperte dei Dadi (Galileo, Opere, Firenze, Barbera, Vol. 8). Translated by E.H. Thorne, 1898, pp. 591-594] explanations on a paradox that occurred in the experiment of tossing three fair 'six-sided' dice.

  5. The Physics of "String Passing through Ice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohazzabi, Pirooz

    2011-01-01

    One of the oldest yet interesting experiments related to heat and thermodynamics is placing a string on a block of ice and hanging two masses from the ends of the string. Sometime later, it is discovered that the string has passed through the ice without cutting it in half. A simple explanation of this effect is that the pressure caused by the…

  6. PASS: Creating Physically Active School Systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ciotto, Carol M.; Fede, Marybeth H.

    2014-01-01

    PASS, a Physically Active School System, is a program by which school districts and schools utilize opportunities for school-based physical activity that enhance overall fitness and cognition, which can be broken down into four integral parts consisting of connecting, communicating, collaborating, and cooperating. There needs to be an…

  7. A characterization of attribute evaluation in passes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, Henk

    1981-01-01

    This paper describes the evaluation of semantic attributes in a bounded number of passes from left-to-right and/or from right-to-left over the derivation tree of a program. Evaluation strategies where different instances of the same attribute in any derivation tree are restricted to be evaluated in

  8. Generalizing Galileo's Passe-Dix Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hombas, Vassilios

    2012-01-01

    This article shows a generalization of Galileo's "passe-dix" game. The game was born following one of Galileo's [G. Galileo, "Sopra le Scoperte dei Dadi" (Galileo, Opere, Firenze, Barbera, Vol. 8). Translated by E.H. Thorne, 1898, pp. 591-594] explanations on a paradox that occurred in the experiment of tossing three fair "six-sided" dice.…

  9. Text mining of web-based medical content

    CERN Document Server

    Neustein, Amy

    2014-01-01

    Text Mining of Web-Based Medical Content examines web mining for extracting useful information that can be used for treating and monitoring the healthcare of patients. This work provides methodological approaches to designing mapping tools that exploit data found in social media postings. Specific linguistic features of medical postings are analyzed vis-a-vis available data extraction tools for culling useful information.

  10. Grizzly bear diet shifting on reclaimed mines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bogdan Cristescu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Industrial developments and reclamation change habitat, possibly altering large carnivore food base. We monitored the diet of a low-density population of grizzly bears occupying a landscape with open-pit coal mines in Canada. During 2009–2010 we instrumented 10 bears with GPS radiocollars and compared their feeding on reclaimed coal mines and neighboring Rocky Mountains and their foothills. In addition, we compared our data with historical bear diet for the same population collected in 2001–2003, before extensive mine reclamation occurred. Diet on mines (n=331 scats was dominated by non-native forbs and graminoids, while diets in the Foothills and Mountains consisted primarily of ungulates and Hedysarum spp. roots respectively, showing diet shifting with availability. Field visitation of feeding sites (n=234 GPS relocation clusters also showed that ungulates were the main diet component in the Foothills, whereas on reclaimed mines bears were least carnivorous. These differences illustrate a shift to feeding on non-native forbs while comparisons with historical diet reveal emergence of elk as an important bear food. Food resources on reclaimed mines attract bears from wilderness areas and bears may be more adaptable to landscape change than previously thought. The grizzly bear’s ready use of mines cautions the universal view of this species as umbrella indicative of biodiversity.

  11. A research for environmental problems in the vicinity of mining area. Investigation into the impact of metallic mining on the environment and solutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Min, Jeong Sik; Cheong, Young Wook; Lee, Hyun Joo; Song, Duk Young [Korea Inst. of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-01

    This study is focused on the impacts of metalliferous mines on the environment in the vicinity of the abandoned and active mines and establishment of abatements of mining environmental problems. Total number of metalliferous mines surveyed were 40 in which samples of waters, mine wastes and soil were taken. Water parameters such as the pH, Eh, TDS, conductivity, turbidity, dissolved oxygen and temperature were measured in the field. Elements such as As, Cd, Pb, Zn, Cu, Al, Mn, sulfate and cyanide were analyzed. Significant concentrations of heavy metals, mainly Cd, Zn, Cu, Fe, Mn and Al, were found in mine waters from adit and in leachates extracted from mine wastes. The mine waters flowing out from the Dalsung and Ilgwang mines were the typical acid mine drainage(AMD) contaminated by the heavy metals. Passive biological systems(Anoxic wetland) to treat AMD for metals were designed and monitored for effluents from the reactors with 4 types of composts, cow manure and limestones, Results showed that the mushroom compost with cow manure and limestone was the best substrates in metal removing efficiencies. Results from leaching of mine wastes showed that As, Cd and Cu were extracted from some of mine wastes. AMD from the mine waste dump of the Daduk mine was found. These mean that mine wastes can contaminate the soil, surface water and ground waters in vicinity of mines. Therefore cover systems or liner system for containments of mine wastes were suggested to preserve the environment. Cu and As concentrations in soils surveyed were below the heavy metal concentrations in soils of Korean standard preventing plant of the crops. However, most of the acid mine waters are drained untreated, and mine wastes with heavy metals are distributed near soil environment. Therefore efforts to reduce possibilities of soil contamination in the vicinity of mining areas is required. (author). 33 refs.

  12. Spatiotemporal Data Mining: Issues, Tasks And Applications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K.Venkateswara Rao

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Spatiotemporal data usually contain the states of an object, an event or a position in space over a period of time. Vast amount of spatiotemporal data can be found in several application fields such as trafficmanagement, environment monitoring, and weather forecast. These datasets might be collected at different locations at various points of time in different formats. It poses many challenges in representing, processing, analysis and mining of such datasets due to complex structure of spatiotemporal objects and the relationships among them in both spatial and temporal dimensions. In this paper, the issues and challenges related to spatiotemporal data representation, analysis, mining and visualization of knowledge are presented. Various kinds of data mining tasks such as association rules, classification clustering for discovering knowledge from spatiotemporal datasets are examined and reviewed. System functional requirements for such kind of knowledge discovery and database structure are discussed. Finally applications of spatiotemporal data mining are presented.

  13. The practice of mine ventilation engineering

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wallace Keith; Prosser Brian; Stinnette J. Daniel

    2015-01-01

    The practice of ventilation is continually evolving with new technological advances developed in the mining industry. In recent years the advances in diesel engine technologies, ventilation modeling software, and ventilation management capacities have redefined the historical methods used to evaluate systems. The advances re-evaluate previous methods used to calculate the airflow requirements for the dilution of diesel exhaust fumes. Modeling software has become an integral part of planning and devel-oping ventilation systems in partnership with graphical mine design software packages to generate realistic representations of the mine. Significant advances in ventilation control strategies through remote sensors and monitoring capabilities have been developed to results in cost savings. Though there has been much advancement in mine ventilation technology, the practices and basic ventilation princi-pals enacted through the ventilation engineer cannot be placated with technological advances only.

  14. Mine safety: Communication and position finding systems. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-10-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning monitoring, miner locating, and communication systems and equipment for mine and emergency operation. Safety standards, regulations, mine ventilation, warning systems, rescue training and facilities, and mine disaster management are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  15. Mine safety: Communication and position finding systems. (Latest citations from the NTIS bibliographic database). Published Search

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1997-04-01

    The bibliography contains citations concerning monitoring, miner locating, and communication systems and equipment for mine and emergency operation. Safety standards, regulations, mine ventilation, warning systems, rescue training and facilities, and mine disaster management are examined. (Contains 50-250 citations and includes a subject term index and title list.) (Copyright NERAC, Inc. 1995)

  16. 30 CFR 57.22601 - Blasting from the surface (I-A mines).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Blasting from the surface (I-A mines). 57.22601... Standards for Methane in Metal and Nonmetal Mines Explosives § 57.22601 Blasting from the surface (I-A mines... blast area and through at least one atmospheric monitoring sensor. (b) After blasting, if the...

  17. First Mexican coal mine recovery after mine fire, Esmeralda Mine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Santillan, M.A. [Minerales Monclova, SA de CV, Palau Coahuila (Mexico)

    2005-07-01

    The fire started on 8 May 1998 in the development section from methane released into the mine through a roof-bolt hole. The flames spread quickly as the coal was ignited. After eight hours the Safety Department decided to seal the vertical ventilation shafts and the slopes. The quality of coal in the Esmeralda Mine is very high quality, and Minerales Monclova (MIMOSA) decided to recover the facilities. However, the Esmeralda Mine coals have a very high gas content of 12 m{sup 3}/t. During the next 2.5 months, MIMOSA staff and specialists observed and analysed the gas behaviour supported by a chromatograph. With the results of the observations and analyses, MIMOSA in consultation with the specialists developed a recovery plan based on flooding the area in which fire might have propagated and in which rekindling was highly probable. At the same time MIMOSA trained rescue teams. By 20 August 1998, the mine command centre had re-opened the slopes seal. Using a 'Step-by-Step' system, the rescue team began the recovery process by employing cross-cuts and using an auxiliary fan to establish the ventilation circuit. The MIMOSA team advanced into the mine as far as allowed by the water level and was able to recover the main fan. The official mine recovery date was 30 November 1998. Esmeralda Mine was back in operation in December 1998. 1 ref., 3 figs.

  18. Monitoring of Land Subsidence in Coal Mining Area Based on D-InSAR Technology%基于 D-InSAR 技术的煤矿区地面沉降监测研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋继德; 邸志众

    2014-01-01

    概要叙述了差分合成孔径雷达(D-InSAR)的技术原理和数据处理方法,介绍了 D-InSAR 在地表形变监测中的应用技术和方法,针对研究区域的地表沉降特点选择常规 D-InSAR 和永久性散射体干涉测量(PSI)作为 InSAR 差分处理方式,分析并选取适合本项目研究的 InSAR 雷达数据,对兖州-济宁区域因煤矿开采产生的地表缓慢沉降和快速沉降进行数据分析并得出结论,达到了研究的目的。%This paper briefly described the principle and data processing methods of the Differential Interferometric SAR(D-InSAR)technology,and introduced the application techniques and methods of D-InSAR on monitoring of the ground surface deformation.According to the characteristics of the ground surface subsidence in study area,we choosed conventional D-InSAR and Permanent Scatterer Interferometry(PSI)as the InSAR differential treatment,and analyzed and selected the InSAR radar data that is suitable for the study.Finally,we have drawn some conclusions by analyzing data of both the slow and rapid ground surface subsidence caused by the coal mining in Yanzhou-Jining area,and have achieved the purpose of the research.

  19. Active Mines and Mineral Plants in the US

    Data.gov (United States)

    U.S. Geological Survey, Department of the Interior — Mine plants and operations for commodities monitored by the Minerals Information Team of the USGS. Operations included are those considered active in 2003 and...

  20. Mining robotics sensors

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Green, JJ

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available causes of fatalities in underground narrow reef mining. Data are gathered and processed from multiple underground mine sources, and techniques such as surfel modeling and synthetic view generation are explored towards creating visualisations of the data...

  1. Mines and Mineral Resources

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Mines in the United States According to the Homeland Security Infrastructure Program Tiger Team Report Table E-2.V.1 Sub-Layer Geographic Names, a mine is defined as...

  2. Hierarchical Approach for Online Mining--Emphasis towards Software Metrics

    CERN Document Server

    Saradhi, M V Vijaya; Satish, P

    2010-01-01

    Several multi-pass algorithms have been proposed for Association Rule Mining from static repositories. However, such algorithms are incapable of online processing of transaction streams. In this paper we introduce an efficient single-pass algorithm for mining association rules, given a hierarchical classification amongest items. Processing efficiency is achieved by utilizing two optimizations, hierarchy aware counting and transaction reduction, which become possible in the context of hierarchical classification. This paper considers the problem of integrating constraints that are Boolean expression over the presence or absence of items into the association discovery algorithm. This paper present three integrated algorithms for mining association rules with item constraints and discuss their tradeoffs. It is concluded that the variation of complexity depends on the measure of DIT (Depth of Inheritance Tree) and NOC (Number of Children) in the context of Hierarchical Classification.

  3. Application research on three-dimensional virtual mine in the framework of internet of things

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Chun-lei; XIE Hai-dong; WANG Zhi-dong; JIA Shao-yi

    2011-01-01

    Based on the information system characteristics of mine, proposed network architecture design of the mine property. And in this framework based on the design of three-dimensional virtual mine described the application of intelligent management platform. Three-dimensional virtual underground mine that shows the situation, the core application is through remote monitoring system of information exchange between devices (material object communication). Internet of things in the framework of mining three-dimensional virtual reconstruction of mine. On coal mine safety in the production process of human, machine and environment, control elements and their harmony and unity. 3D virtual mine management platform inegrates personnel positioning, dust control, gas monitoring, roof pressure monitoring, fan-line monitoring and other subsystems. Platform through the underground mine sensing equipment to conduct various types of monitoring data integration, through the transport layer device to transmit the information to the application layer intelligence processing software platform, the system automatically handles the operational status of each subsystem and the need for safe production under the proper introduction of human factors deal with special event. 3D virtual mine management platform to mining, excavation, transport, ventilation and other safety information quickly and accurately transmitted to the ground operation control center. Underground for the first time on the linkage between systems in case of emergencies, to provide safety for management decision support.

  4. Geological and geothermal data use investigations for Application Explorer Mission-A (Heat Capacity Mapping Mission). [Yerington, Nevada mine area

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyon, R. J. P.; Prelat, A. E. (Principal Investigator)

    1980-01-01

    Further digital processing of HCMM digital data was performed to extract the temperature from the day/night passes to calculate the apparent delta T in the Yerington, Nevada mine area. Further processing is needed to observe the atmospheric effect.

  5. Towards semantic web mining

    OpenAIRE

    Berendt, Bettina; Hotho, Andreas; Stumme, Gerd

    2002-01-01

    Semantic Web Mining aims at combining the two fast-developing research areas Semantic Web and Web Mining. The idea is to improve, on the one hand, the results of Web Mining by exploiting the new semantic structures in the Web; and to make use of Web Mining, on overview of where the two areas meet today, and sketches ways of how a closer integration could be profitable.

  6. Mining in El Salvador

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pacheco Cueva, Vladimir

    2014-01-01

    In this guest article, Vladimir Pacheco, a social scientist who has worked on mining and human rights shares his perspectives on a current campaign against mining in El Salvador – Central America’s smallest but most densely populated country.......In this guest article, Vladimir Pacheco, a social scientist who has worked on mining and human rights shares his perspectives on a current campaign against mining in El Salvador – Central America’s smallest but most densely populated country....

  7. American mines, methods and men

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Walker, S.C.A. (Thames Water Utilities (UK))

    1992-04-01

    The paper is based on the author's visits to a number of American mines, to see their mining machinery and to discuss with mine management their industrial relations problems. The paper gives a brief review of American mines, methods and men and is in the form of a diary. Mines visited are: Ohio Valley Coal Company; Big John Mine; Pittsburgh Research Center of the US Bureau of Mines; Martinka Mine; Robin Hood Complex No 9 Mine (Boone County, West Virginia), Green Briar Mine (Virginia); Martin County Coal (Kentucky); Wabash Mine (Keensburgh, Illinois); Galatia Mine (Harrisburgh, Illinois); and William Station Mine (Sturgis, Kentucky). Details given include mining methods productivity and staffing levels. The mining machinery is described in detail in a separate article. 5 figs.

  8. Data Mining for CRM

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thearling, Kurt

    Data Mining technology allows marketing organizations to better understand their customers and respond to their needs. This chapter describes how Data Mining can be combined with customer relationship management to help drive improved interactions with customers. An example showing how to use Data Mining to drive customer acquisition activities is presented.

  9. Surface Movement Regularity of Super-Wide Mining Face With Top-Coal Caving

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    REN Run-hou

    2005-01-01

    No.4326 super-wide panel of Wangzhuang Coal Mine ( in which the fully-mechanized top-coal caving longwall mining method was used) was monitored for dynamic characteristic of surface movement. The dynamic surface movement in and after mining was predicted by using the Mining Subsidence Prediction System. The results indicate that after mining, the surface above the super-wide panel reaches a state of full subsidence, making the No.309national highway above the panel be located on the flat bottom of the subsidence basin so that the influence of mining activity in both sides of 4326 panel on the national highway is the smallest.

  10. HyperPASS, a New Aeroassist Tool

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gates, Kristin; McRonald, Angus; Nock, Kerry

    2005-01-01

    A new software tool designed to perform aeroassist studies has been developed by Global Aerospace Corporation (GAC). The Hypersonic Planetary Aeroassist Simulation System (HyperPASS) [1] enables users to perform guided aerocapture, guided ballute aerocapture, aerobraking, orbit decay, or unguided entry simulations at any of six target bodies (Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Titan, or Neptune). HyperPASS is currently being used for trade studies to investigate (1) aerocapture performance with alternate aeroshell types, varying flight path angle and entry velocity, different gload and heating limits, and angle of attack and angle of bank variations; (2) variable, attached ballute geometry; (3) railgun launched projectile trajectories, and (4) preliminary orbit decay evolution. After completing a simulation, there are numerous visualization options in which data can be plotted, saved, or exported to various formats. Several analysis examples will be described.

  11. UN-aided Project Passing Final Assessment

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Anfang

    1995-01-01

    @@ A number of projects funded by the United Nations Development Program passed final examination and assessment in April 1994.They are the well-completion technical center project of the Southwest Petroleum Institute with a fund of 1.27 million US dollars and the acidizing and fracturing technical service center of Wanzhuang Branch Research Institute of Petroleum Exploration and Development (RIPED) with a fund of 1.41 million US dollars.

  12. Low Pass Filters with Linear Phase.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-12

    DISCUSSION OF RESULTS............................... 35 LIST OF ILLUSTRATIONS Figure page 1. Template applicable to single stage linear phase filter .................. 2...technology suggests examination of the low-pass lin- ear phase filter as a means of prefiltering such data before, or concurrently with, sam- pling. Today, a...stage low passlinear phase filter . Here, M is the number of "main poles". A linear phase design alsorequires a minimum overhead of two "corrector poles

  13. Price pass-through and minimum wages

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Aaronson

    1997-01-01

    A textbook consequence of competitive markets is that an industry-wide increase in the price of inputs will be passed on to consumers through an increase in prices. This fundamental implication has been explored by researchers interested in who bears the burden of taxation and exchange rate fluctuations. However, little attention has focused on the price implications of minimum wage hikes. From a policy perspective, this is an oversight. Welfare analysis of minimum wage laws should not ignore...

  14. 30 CFR 57.19018 - Overtravel by-pass switches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overtravel by-pass switches. 57.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 57.19018 Overtravel by-pass switches. When an overtravel by-pass switch is installed, the... switch is held in the closed position by the hoistman. The overtravel by-pass switch shall...

  15. 30 CFR 56.19018 - Overtravel by-pass switches.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 30 Mineral Resources 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Overtravel by-pass switches. 56.19018 Section... Hoisting Hoists § 56.19018 Overtravel by-pass switches. When an overtravel by-pass switch is installed, the... switch is held in the closed position by the hoistman. The overtravel by-pass switch shall...

  16. 20 CFR 416.2099 - Compliance with pass-along.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 20 Employees' Benefits 2 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Compliance with pass-along. 416.2099 Section... pass-along. (a) Information regarding compliance. Any State required to enter into a pass-along... Commissioner's satisfaction that the State is meeting the pass-along requirements. The information...

  17. Process mining data science in action

    CERN Document Server

    van der Aalst, Wil

    2016-01-01

    The first to cover this missing link between data mining and process modeling, this book provides real-world techniques for monitoring and analyzing processes in real time. It is a powerful new tool destined to play a key role in business process management.

  18. Mining text data

    CERN Document Server

    Aggarwal, Charu C

    2012-01-01

    Text mining applications have experienced tremendous advances because of web 2.0 and social networking applications. Recent advances in hardware and software technology have lead to a number of unique scenarios where text mining algorithms are learned. ""Mining Text Data"" introduces an important niche in the text analytics field, and is an edited volume contributed by leading international researchers and practitioners focused on social networks & data mining. This book contains a wide swath in topics across social networks & data mining. Each chapter contains a comprehensive survey including

  19. Reducing mining losses when applying room and pillar mining methods

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duchrow, G.; Schilder, C.

    1985-12-01

    In potassium mining in the German Democratic Republic, the reduction of losses is an important problem, and considerable scientific and technical efforts have been made on this sector. There were four stages of development: A period of 'empirical' dimensioning was followed by dimensioning on a mathematical basis and by the optimized design of winning parameter relationships. The latest stage focuses on the optimisation of pillar parameters in suitable rock salt and sylvinite fields. The different stages of development are described, explained, and illustrated by examples. The efficiency in loss reduction is determined, and methods for monitoring the winning operations are presented. (orig./MOS).

  20. Effect of Ball Mass on Dribble, Pass, and Pass Reception in 9-11-Year-Old Boys' Basketball

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arias, Jose L.; Argudo, Francisco M.; Alonso, Jose I.

    2012-01-01

    The objective of the study was to analyze the effect of ball mass on dribble, pass, and pass reception in real game situations in 9-11-year-old boys' basketball. Participants were 54 boys identified from six federated teams. The independent variable was ball mass, and dependent variables were number of dribbles, passes, and pass receptions. Three…