... A Week of Healthy Breakfasts Shyness Healthy Dining Hall Eating KidsHealth > For Teens > Healthy Dining Hall Eating ... likely to eat. previous continue Overcoming Common Dining Hall Mistakes Even the most attentive diners can still ...
Barlett, April
2011-01-01
Jim Dine was born in 1935 in Cincinnati. He earned a BFA from Ohio University in 1957 and then moved to New York in 1959, where he fell in with a group of artists that included Claes Oldenburg. Dine is best known as a Pop innovator, whose paintings, sculptures, and prints were layered with everyday objects, including ties, tools, and even a…
2005-01-01
Saksa päritolu austria mööblidisaineri ja mööblitöösturi Michael Thonet' (1796-1871) disainiloomingust. 1859. a. Michael Thonet' loodud tool nr. 14 on endiselt tootmises ja on tuntud ka Viini toolina. 2 ill
2005-01-01
Saksa päritolu austria mööblidisaineri ja mööblitöösturi Michael Thonet' (1796-1871) disainiloomingust. 1859. a. Michael Thonet' loodud tool nr. 14 on endiselt tootmises ja on tuntud ka Viini toolina. 2 ill
Management of Hotel Dining Information System
Liu, Fangyi
2010-01-01
Dining hotel management is more completed, more accurately, and effectively method for hotel and dining industries. It is an application based on modern hotel market. The information management system is already widely used in many fields at moment. Nowadays, with the dining hotel industries development, an advanced and scientific management system that could be more detailed and secure is needed. Hotel Dining Management system is extremely practical in the present hotel industry dining manag...
... Check Meal Certification Program Nutrition Requirements Heart-Check Professional Resources Contact the Heart-Check Certification Program Simple Cooking and Recipes Dining Out Choosing a Restaurant Deciphering the Menu Ordering Your Meal Eating Fast ...
ROGERZHANG
2004-01-01
In the seven years that he has been in China, German-native Michael, Schwantzer has found himself at the sharp end of business,building up a successful enterprise from humble beginnings in a highly competitive market. Michael initially came to China in 1997 to run a Sino-German joint venture supplying the shipbuilding industry in Nanjing. Two years later he joined LAP, starting the company's China operations. Within two years he had helped bring LAP's annual China sales from zero to US$ 5 million, in part through his extensive contacts within the steel industry.Based in Shanghai, where he lives with his wife and two children, Michael has caught the China-bug and has no plans to return to his native Germany. “Why would I?” he says.“Shanghai is the place to be right now.”
Ersin Hussein
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Associate Professor Michael Scott is a researcher and lecturer based in the department of Classics and Ancient History at the University of Warwick. He is also President of the Lytham St Annes Classical Association. Prior to his appointment at Warwick, Michael was the Moses and Mary Finley Research Fellow in ancient history at Darwin College, as well as an Affiliated Lecturer in the Faculty of Classics, at Cambridge University.Michael's research and teaching engages with interdisciplinary approaches to the literary, epigraphic and material evidence to investigate ancient Greek and Roman society, particularly focusing on Delphi and Olympia as religious spaces.While Michael has contributed significantly to the field of classics and ancient history by publishing extensively, he has also enjoyed great success in engaging wider audiences with the ancient world. He regularly talks in schools around the country, writes books intended for the popular market as well as articles for national and international newspapers and magazines. Michael's experience in writing and presenting a range of programmes intended for TV and radio audiences has made him a household name. He has written and presented programmes for the National Geographic, History Channel, Nova, and the BBC including Delphi: bellybutton of the ancient world (BBC4; Guilty Pleasures: luxury in the ancient and medieval words (BBC4; Jesus: rise to power (Natural Geographic; Ancient Discoveries (History Channel; Who were the Greeks? (BBC2; The Mystery of the X Tombs (BBC2/Nova; The Greatest Show on Earth (BBC4, in conjunction with the Open University. He has also presented a radio series for BBC Radio 4, Spin the Globe. Michael's most recent programme, Roman Britain from the Air, was aired on ITV in December 2014.In this interview, I talk to him about his engagement with other disciplines within the humanities, his forthcoming book project, and his experiences writing and presenting TV and radio
汪仙美
2000-01-01
Many of us know Michael Jordan is a famous American basketball star. He is perhaps the greatest player in basketball history. Jordan is 1.98m tall. He plays guard(后卫)for the Chicago Bulls. He led his team to six NBA(National Basketball Association ) championships (冠军4).
Technology at the dining table
Spence, C.; Piqueras Fiszman, B.
2013-01-01
In this article, we highlight some of the various ways in which digital technologies may increasingly come to influence, and possibly even transform, our fine dining experiences (not to mention our everyday interactions with food and drink) in the years to come. We distinguish between several uses o
TEEPEE DINING & BAR -TELTTARAVINTOLAN PERUSTAMINEN
Meronen, Pirita
2015-01-01
Opinnäytetyönä tein manuaalin Teepee Dining & Bar -telttaravintolan perustamisesta Suomen Teemaravintolat Oy:lle. Seurasin toimeksiantajani etenemistä ravintolan perustamisprosessissa ja raportoin kaikki ravintolan perustamiseen liittyvät vaiheet manuaaliin. Lisäksi kirjasin manuaaliin kaikki tarvittavat yhteyshenkilöt ja luvat, joita tarvitaan ravintolatoiminnan aloittamiseen. Aloitin opinnäytetyöni pohjatyön tiedon keräämisellä ja haastattelin toimeksiantajaani sekä tutustuin ravintola...
The dining experience in nursing homes.
Speroff, Beverly A; Davis, Karen H; Dehr, Kristen L; Larkins, Kate N
2005-01-01
The dining experience is an opportunity for residents to experience the independence they once knew and still desire. Through appropriate meal consistencies an optimal dining room setting, and coordination of the total healthcare team, these desires can be reached. The resident benefits from this emphasis on the dining experience, while the interdisciplinary team members gain more insight into the individual needs of residents. The dining experience can be an important part of the clinical care of the resident by assuring appropriate nutritional and fluid intake, and it can help assure a desirable quality of life even while residing in a long-term care facility.
Sustainability in Housing and Dining Operations
Pursehouse, Clive
2012-01-01
Residential life, housing, and dining operations have the potential to touch all students by integrating sustainability issues into all operations. There are numerous ways that sustainable practices are enacted in campus housing and dining. Although faculty and staff in academic affairs may look strategically at how sustainability can be…
Affleck-Dine Sneutrino Inflation
Evans, Jason L; Peloso, Marco
2015-01-01
Motivated by the coincidence between the Hubble scale during inflation and the typical see-saw neutrino mass scale, we present a supergravity model where the inflaton is identified with a linear combination of right-handed sneutrino fields. The model accommodates an inflaton potential that is flatter than quadratic chaotic inflation, resulting in a measurable but not yet ruled out tensor-to-scalar ratio. Small CP-violation in the neutrino mass matrix and supersymmetry breaking yield an evolution in the complex plane for the sneutrino fields. This induces a net lepton charge that, via the Affleck-Dine mechanism, can be the origin of the observed baryon asymmetry of the universe.
Acoustic comfort in large dining spaces
Chen, X.; Kang, J
2017-01-01
© 2016 Elsevier Ltd This study carried out a questionnaire field investigation in two typical large dining spaces. The results suggest that the acoustic comfort of diners has an influence on the comfort evaluation of the overall dining environment, and background noise is an important factor affecting the acoustic comfort evaluation of diners. The role of various individual sound sources in background noise has been investigated, considering general background music, speech sound, activity so...
Berg, Celeste
2013-01-01
Sustainable food and dining is a popular topic on college and university campuses. Popular areas of focus include equipment upgrades in the kitchen, installation of campus or community gardens, and streamlining existing campus recycling operations, such as by converting campus vehicles to run on used vegetable oil from the dining hall. Research…
Affleck-Dine baryogenesis just after inflation
Yamada, Masaki
2015-01-01
We propose a new scenario of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis where a flat direction in the MSSM generates B-L asymmetry just after the end of inflation. The resulting amount of baryon asymmetry is independent of low-energy supersymmetric models but is dependent on inflation models. We consider the hybrid and chaotic inflation models and find that reheating temperature is required to be higher than that in the conventional scenario of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. In particular, non-thermal gravitino-overproduction problem is naturally avoided in the hybrid inflation model. Our results imply that Affleck-Dine baryogenesis can be realized in a broader range of supersymmetry and inflation models than expected in the literature.
Affleck-Dine baryogenesis just after inflation
Yamada, Masaki [Tokyo Univ., Chiba (Japan). ICRR; Tokyo Univ., Chiba (Japan). Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS; DESY Hamburg (Germany)
2015-11-15
We propose a new scenario of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis where a at direction in the MSSM generates B-L asymmetry just after the end of inflation. The resulting amount of baryon asymmetry is independent of low-energy supersymmetric models but is dependent on inflation models. We consider the hybrid and chaotic inflation models and find that reheating temperature is required to be higher than that in the conventional scenario of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. In particular, non-thermal gravitino-overproduction problem is naturally avoided in the hybrid inflation model. Our results imply that Affleck-Dine baryogenesis can be realized in a broader range of supersymmetry and inflation models than expected in the literature.
Bye Bye Cafeteria, Hello Restaurant-Style Dining.
Milshtein, Amy
1999-01-01
Examines how the university cafeteria is being transformed into restaurant-style dining to attract and retain sophisticated student customers. Harvard's and Seattle Pacific University's dining facilities are briefly highlighted. Concluding comments address planning tips for converting the old cafeteria into a better dining experience. (GR)
Recent progress in Affleck-Dine baryogenesis
Enqvist, Kari
2000-01-01
In the MSSM, cosmological scalar field condensates formed along flatdirections of the scalar potential (Affleck-Dine condensates) are typicallyunstable with respect to formation of Q-balls, a type of non-topologicalsoliton. I discuss the creation and growth of the quantum seed fluctuationswhich catalyse the collapse of the condensate. In D-term inflation models, thefluctuations of squark fields in the flat directions also give rise toisocurvature density fluctuations stored in the Affleck-Dine condensate. Afterthe condensate breaks up, these can be perturbations in the baryon number, or,in the case where the present neutralino density comes directly from B-balldecay, perturbations in the number of dark matter neutralinos. The latter caseresults in a large enhancement of the isocurvature perturbation, which shouldbe observable by PLANCK.
Exploring the concept of dining out organically: a managerial perspective
Filimonau, Viachaslau; Grant, M.
2016-01-01
Market research suggests that organic food consumption in Europe is growing. The concept of dining out organically may therefore represent a promising business opportunity and yet little is known about how it is perceived by restaurant managers. This study reports on the outcome of a qualitative research conducted with managers of UK casual dining restaurants. It finds that restaurateurs are sceptical about the business feasibility of dining out organically which is viewed as a niche market w...
Preheating and Affleck-Dine leptogenesis after thermal inflation
Felder, G N; Park, W I; Stewart, E D; Felder, Gary N.; Kim, Hyunbyuk; Park, Wan-Il; Stewart, Ewan D.
2007-01-01
Previously, we proposed a model of low energy Affleck-Dine leptogenesis in the context of thermal inflation. The lepton asymmetry is generated at the end of thermal inflation, which occurs at a relatively low energy scale with the Hubble parameter somewhere in the range $1 \\keV \\lesssim H \\lesssim 1 \\MeV$. Thus Hubble damping will be ineffective in bringing the Affleck-Dine field into the lepton conserving region near the origin, leaving the possibility that the lepton number could be washed out. Previously, we suggested that preheating could damp the amplitude of the Affleck-Dine field allowing conservation of the lepton number. In this paper, we demonstrate numerically that preheating does efficiently damp the amplitude of the Affleck-Dine field and that the lepton number is conserved as the result. In addition to demonstrating a crucial aspect of our model, it also opens the more general possibility of low energy Affleck-Dine baryogenesis.
Following Michael Faraday's Footprints
Galeano, Javier
2011-01-01
Last fall I had the good fortune of receiving financial support to shoot a documentary about Michael Faraday. I took the opportunity to learn more about this great experimentalist and to visit the highlights of places in his life. In this paper, I would like to share a list and description of some of the most remarkable places in London suitable…
Michael Faraday's Bicentenary.
Williams, L. Pearce; And Others
1991-01-01
Six articles discuss the work of Michael Faraday, a chemist whose work revolutionized physics and led directly to both classical field and relativity theory. The scientist as a young man, the electromagnetic experiments of Faraday, his search for the gravelectric effect, his work on optical glass, his laboratory notebooks, and his creative use of…
Fara, Patricia
2006-03-01
Michael Faraday was an enthusiastic portrait collector, and he welcomed the invention of photography not only as a possible means of recording observations accurately, but also as a method for advertising science and its practitioners. This article (which is part of the Science in the Industrial Revolution series) shows that like many eminent scientists, Faraday took advantage of the burgeoning Victorian media industry by posing in various roles.
Evaluation of consumers' choice of wooden dining furniture in ...
USER
2010-05-24
May 24, 2010 ... This study evaluated consumers' choice of wooden dining furniture in Southwestern Nigeria to ..... Values in brackets are the number of respondents interviewed in each case. ..... Orlando F.L academic Press, (4): 549-561.
UniNet Description of Dining Philosopher Problem
DU Zhuomin; HE Yanxiang; ZHOU Guofu
2007-01-01
The UniNet specification of Dining Philosopher Problem we presents not only is graphic and intuitionistic but also explicitly indicates the static semantics and the dynamic semantics.In the specification, the static properties are the recorder of the dynamic properties, and the dynamic properties are the track of the static properties change. Accordingly, Dining Philosopher Problem is formally verified by UniNet. Furthermore, the procedure of properties' verification is implemented through the graphic-related computing style.
2013-03-22
... Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine, Also Known as Ansar Dine, Also Known as Ansar al-Din, Also Known as Ancar Dine, Also Known as Ansar ul-Din, Also Known as Ansar Eddine, Also Known as Defenders of the Faith, as a Specially Designated Global Terrorist pursuant to Section 1(b) of Executive,...
2013-03-22
... Matter of the Designation of Ansar al-Dine Also Known as Ansar Dine Also Known as Ansar al-Din Also Known as Ancar Dine Also Known as Ansar ul-Din Also Known as Ansar Eddine Also Known as Defenders of the Faith as a Foreign Terrorist Organization Pursuant to Section 219 of the Immigration and Nationality...
汪海涛
2004-01-01
夜幕降临．空气中传来北欧的声音，来自丹麦的四人流行乐队Michael Learns to Rock(迈克学摇滚)正把探情款款的歌声带到上海的咖啡厅和酒吧。北欧一直活跃着一批世界顶级的乐队．从丹麦的A-Ha到Aqua，从瑞典的ABBA到Roxette和Ace of Base，从挪威的Se
2007-01-01
Award-winning playwright and novelist Michael Frayn gave a guest lecture in the main auditorium at CERN on Friday 15 March about his new book The Human Touch: Our Part in the Creation of the Universe. The lecture focused on cosmology and philosophy and the limitations that language places on our ability to understand the creation of a universe in which we seem to play such a small part. In addition to his novels and plays, which include Copenhagen, a play about the 1941 meeting between German physicist Werner Heisenberg and Danish physicist Niels Bohr, Frayn has translated several works from Russian, including plays by Chekhov and Tolstoy.
Affleck Dine leptogenesis via multiple flat directions
Kamada, Kohei
2008-01-01
We investigate the Affleck-Dine mechanism when multiple flat directions have large values simultaneously. We consider in detail the case when both $LH_u$ and $H_uH_d$ flat directions are operative with a non-renormalizable superpotential. In case Hubble induced A-terms are present for these two flat directions, their initial values are determined completely by the potential and there are no ambiguities how they are mixed. Moreover, CP is violated even when the Hubble parameter is large due to the Hubble induced A-term and cross coupling in F-term, so that the lepton asymmetry is generated just after the end of inflation. As a result, compared with the case of single flat direction, the resultant lepton-to-entropy ratio is enhanced by a factor of $H_{osc}/m_{3/2}$, where $H_{osc}$ is the Hubble parameter at the onset of oscillation and $m_{3/2}$ is the gravitino mass. However, when Hubble induced A-terms do not exist, there remains indefiniteness of initial phases and CP is violated spontaneously by the phase ...
Gemma-Louise Davies
2015-10-01
Full Text Available Professor Michael Levitt (Stanford University, USA won the 2013 Nobel Prize in Chemistry for the development of multiscale models for complex chemical systems—computational tools which can calculate the course of chemical reactions. Professor Levitt was born in Pretoria, South Africa; he came to the UK on a summer vacation aged 16, where he decided to stay and study for his A‑levels. His interest in the physics of living systems drove him to study biophysics at King’s College London, before securing a PhD position at the Laboratory of Molecular Biology in Cambridge. In the interim year between his degree and beginning his PhD, Professor Levitt worked at the Weizmann Institute of Science in Israel, where he met his future wife. They married later that year and moved to Cambridge, where their three children were born. After completing his PhD, he spent time working in Israel, Cambridge, the Salk Institute and Stanford (both California. Since 1986, he has split his time between Israel and California. Outside of science, he is a keen hiker and he is well-known to have attended the eclectic ‘Burning Man’ Festival in California.[1]Professor Levitt visited the University of Warwick to speak at the Computational Molecular Science Annual Conference in March 2015. In this interview, Dr Gemma-Louise Davies, an Institute of Advanced Study Global Research Fellow, spoke to Professor Levitt about the importance of Interdisciplinarity in his field, role models in Academia, and his plans for the future.Image: Professor Michael Levitt (left with Dr Scott Habershon (right, organiser of the 2015 Computational Molecular Science Annual Conference during his visit to the University of Warwick in March 2015.[1] ‘Burning Man’ is a unique annual festival dedicated to community, art, music, self-expression and self-reliance. Tens of thousands of people flock to this temporary metropolis built in the Californian desert.
Enantioselective Michael Addition of Water
Chen, B.S.; Resch, V.; Otten, L.G.; Hanefeld, U.
2014-01-01
The enantioselective Michael addition using water as both nucleophile and solvent has to date proved beyond the ability of synthetic chemists. Herein, the direct, enantioselective Michael addition of water in water to prepare important β-hydroxy carbonyl compounds using whole cells of Rhodococcus st
Nutrient Profile on Personal Computers--A Comparison of DINE with Mainframe Computers.
Frank, Gail C.
1985-01-01
The nutrient profile provided by the Dennison Inventory of Nutritional Experiences (DINE) for microcomputers was compared with two research-oriented mainframe computer systems to evaluate the DINE system's accuracy. Results are discussed. (DF)
Affleck-Dine Baryogenesis in Type IIB String Models
Allahverdi, Rouzbeh; Muia, Francesco
2016-01-01
We present a viable string embedding of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis in type IIB sequestered models where the late-time decay of the lightest modulus reheats the universe to relatively low temperatures. We show that if inflation is driven by a blow-up Kaehler modulus, the Affleck-Dine field can become tachyonic during inflation if the Kaehler metric for matter fields has an appropriate inflaton-dependent contribution. We find that the Affleck-Dine mechanism can generate the observed baryon asymmetry for natural values of the underlying parameters which lead also to successful inflation and low-energy gaugino masses in a split supersymmetry scenario. The reheating temperature from the lightest modulus decay is high enough to allow thermal Higgsino-like dark matter.
Affleck-Dine baryogenesis in type IIB string models
Allahverdi, Rouzbeh; Cicoli, Michele; Muia, Francesco
2016-06-01
We propose a possible string embedding of Affleck-Dine baryogenesis in type IIB sequestered models where the late-time decay of the lightest modulus reheats the universe to relatively low temperatures. We show that if inflation is driven by a blow-up Kähler modulus, the Affleck-Dine field can become tachyonic during inflation if the Kähler metric for matter fields has an appropriate inflaton-dependent contribution. We find that the Affleck-Dine mechanism can generate the observed baryon asymmetry for natural values of the underlying parameters which lead also to successful inflation and low-energy gaugino masses in a split supersymmetry scenario. The reheating temperature from the lightest modulus decay is high enough to allow thermal Higgsino-like dark matter.
Interview with Michael Gazzaniga.
Gazzaniga, Michael
2011-04-01
Widely considered the father of the field of cognitive neuroscience, Professor Michael S. Gazzaniga is one of the world's premier neuroscientists. He founded the Center for Neuroscience at the University of California, Davis; the Center for Cognitive Neuroscience at Dartmouth College; the Cognitive Neuroscience Institute; Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience; and the Cognitive Neuroscience Society. He is currently the director of the Sage Center for the Study of the Mind at the University of California, Santa Barbara. Born on December 12, 1939 in Los Angeles and educated at Dartmouth College, he received his Ph.D. in psychobiology at the California Institute of Technology under the tutelage of Roger Sperry. As a graduate student, Professor Gazzaniga initiated the first lateralized testing of human split-brain patients, leading to a fundamental shift in our understanding of functional lateralization in the brain and how the cerebral hemispheres communicate with one another. His many scholarly publications and pioneering work during the last 50 years have produced significant contributions to our understanding of how the brain enables the mind. His landmark 1995 book for MIT Press, The Cognitive Neurosciences, now in its fourth edition, is recognized as the sourcebook for the field. He has also published many books accessible to a lay audience, including Mind Matters, Nature's Mind, and The Ethical Brain.
Holomorphic Bisectional Curvatures, Supersymmetry Breaking, and Affleck-Dine Baryogenesis
Dutta, Bhaskar
2012-01-01
Working in $D=4, N=1$ supergravity, we utilize relations between holomorphic sectional and bisectional curvatures of Kahler manifolds to constrain Affleck-Dine baryogenesis. We show the following No-Go result: Affleck-Dine baryogenesis cannot be performed if the holomorphic sectional curvature at the origin is isotropic in tangent space; as a special case, this rules out spaces of constant holomorphic sectional curvature (defined in the above sense) and in particular maximally symmetric coset spaces. We also investigate scenarios where inflationary supersymmetry breaking is identified with the supersymmetry breaking responsible for mass splitting in the visible sector, using conditions of sequestering to constrain manifolds where inflation can be performed.
Abdul Talib, Salim; Hashim, Rahmat; Karuthan, Chinna; Kumar, Mukesh
2012-01-01
This study examines the association of the demographic profiles and dining out behavior of Malaysian fine dining restaurant consumers’ with their purchasing orientation. Additionally, consumers’ purchasing orientation via their demographic features was determined. Surveys were conducted using self-administered questionnaire at 8 fine dining restaurants. 1200 questionnaires were distributed and 419 useable questionnaires were collected. Data were analyzed using the SPSS employing cross-tabulat...
Dine College Students Research Diabetes for Their People.
Ambler, Marjane
1999-01-01
Summarizes Dine College's (New Mexico) leading role in researching diabetes and other Navajo health problems, and its employment of students to help conduct research. States that because of an intimate understanding of their people, students can research topics that outside researchers would not or could not choose. (VWC)
Affleck-Dine leptogenesis and its backreaction to inflaton dynamics
Yamada, Masaki [Tokyo Univ., Chiba (Japan). Inst. for Cosmic Ray Research; Tokyo Univ., Chiba (Japan). Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS; DESY Hamburg (Germany)
2015-10-15
We investigate the backreaction of the Affleck-Dine leptogenesis to inflaton dynamics in the F-term hybrid and chaotic inflation models in supergravity. We determine the lightest neutrino mass in both models so that the predictions of spectral index, tensor-to-scalar ratio, and baryon abundance are consistent with observations.
Affleck–Dine leptogenesis and its backreaction to inflaton dynamics
Yamada, Masaki, E-mail: yamadam@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [ICRR, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Kavli IPMU (WPI), UTIAS, The University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8583 (Japan); Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron DESY, 22607 Hamburg (Germany)
2016-03-10
We investigate the backreaction of the Affleck–Dine leptogenesis to inflaton dynamics in the F-term hybrid and chaotic inflation models in supergravity. We determine the lightest neutrino mass in both models so that the predictions of spectral index, tensor-to-scalar ratio, and baryon abundance are consistent with observations.
D2 dining center wins whole grains challenge
Dawson, Brandi
2007-01-01
The Whole Grains Council and Oldways food issues advocacy group challenged restaurants and foodservice operations across the country to step up to the plate and offer more whole grain options this summer. Virginia Tech's Dining Services did just that and swept the competition, winning the college/university category, as well as the grand prize, beating out entries from nine other categories.
Helicher, Karl
2007-01-01
The mid-1960s saw civil rights victories in Congress during Lyndon B. Johnson's presidency. In "Going Down Jericho Road," Michael Honey wrote how Martin Luther King Jr.'s final focus showed that the struggle for black and working class parity continued. The 1968 Memphis sanitation workers strike was a gritty struggle won in the streets by a host…
Michael Beitz: Objects of Communication
Hoefferle, Mary
2014-01-01
For this Instructional Resource, the author interviewed contemporary sculptor Michael Beitz, who uses art to explore the role of designed objects in human communication and emotional experience. This column was written in response to calls for using Enduring Understandings/Big Ideas (National Coalition for Core Arts Standards, 2013; Stewart &…
Michael J. Fox: Spurring Research on Parkinson's
... please turn JavaScript on. Feature: Parkinson's Disease Michael J. Fox: Spurring Research on Parkinson's Past Issues / Winter 2014 Table of Contents Michael J. Fox and his wife, actress Tracy Pollan, founded ...
Michael Faraday vs. the Spiritualists
Hirshfeld, Alan
2006-12-01
In the 1850s, renowned physicist Michael Faraday launched a public campaign against pseudoscience and spiritualism, which were rampant in England at the time. Faraday objected especially to claims that electrical or magnetic forces were responsible for paranormal phenomena, such as table-spinning and communication with the dead. Using scientific methods, Faraday unmasked the deceptions of spiritualists, clairvoyants and mediums and also laid bare the credulity of a public ill-educated in science. Despite his efforts, Victorian society's fascination with the paranormal swelled. Faraday's debacle anticipates current controversies about public science education and the interface between science and religion. This episode is one of many described in the new biography, The Electric Life of Michael Faraday (Walker & Co.), which chronicles Faraday's discoveries and his unlikely rise from poverty to the pinnacle of the English science establishment.
2009-01-01
Our friend and colleague Michael Niegl died in a tragic accident in the first hours of the new year. Michael was a Master’s student in Microsystems Engineering at the University of Applied Sciences Wiener Neustadt. He was responsible for the development of the ATLAS Beam Conditions Monitor (BCM) ROD FPGA firmware, which acquires the data from the BCM detector modules and provides online monitoring of the LHC beams within the ATLAS experiment. He spent several months at CERN to carry out beam tests on the BCM detectors and received his Bachelor of Science with first class honours for his thesis: Concept and Implementation of an FPGA-based Data Recorder and Processor for the ATLAS Beam Conditions Monitor. Michael spent six months at CERN last year to finish the development and commissioning of the ROD firmware for the first beam. He worked the entire night of 10 September to fine tune the system for the first beam. It was a joy to ...
Michael De Sousa (1989 - 2012)
2012-01-01
We are deeply saddened to announce the death of Mr Michael De Sousa on 13 May 2012. Mr De Sousa, who was born on 02.09.1989, was working as an apprentice in the TE Department and had been at CERN since 24.08.2009. The Director-General has sent a message of condolence to his family on behalf of the CERN personnel. Social Affairs Human Resources Department It is with great emotion and deep sadness that we learn of the tragic loss of our colleague and friend Michael De Sousa. Michael was a hard working colleague, cordial and considerate. Within a few months, he marked his presence by the implementation of the instrumentation benches for gas permeation measurement in polymers, and the calibration of high technology gas analyzers, necessary for vacuum technology. His last contribution will enable us to measure pressures in the extreme high vacuum range for the ELENA project. With the continuation of this activity, his memory will remain. His accomplishments will remain...
Cai, Yong-Feng; Li, Li; Luo, Meng-Xian; Yang, Ke-Fang; Lai, Guo-Qiao; Jiang, Jian-Xiong; Xu, Li-Wen
2011-05-01
A detailed experimental investigation of an aza-Michael reaction of aniline and chalcone is presented. A series of Cinchona alkaloid-derived organocatalysts with different functional groups were prepared and used in the aza-Michael and retro-aza-Michael reaction. There was an interesting finding that a complete reversal of stereoselectivity when a benzoyl group was introduced to the cinchonine and cinchonidine. The chirality amplification vs. time proceeds in the quinine-derived organocatalyst containing silicon-based bulky group, QN-TBS, -catalyzed aza-Michael reaction under solvent-free conditions. In addition, we have demonstrated for the first time that racemization was occurred in suitable solvents under mild conditions due to retro-aza-Michael reaction of the Michael adduct of aniline with chalcone. These indicate the equilibrium of retro-aza-Michael reaction and aza-Michael reaction produce the happening of chirality amplification in aza-Michael reaction and racemization via retro-aza-Michael reaction under different conditions, which would be beneficial to the development of novel chiral catalysts for the aza-Michael reactions.
Family-Style Dining: Focusing on the Importance of Rituals in Building Relationships.
Parr, Jerry
2002-01-01
Discusses the importance of family-style dining in early childhood education and care settings for child nutrition, socialization, and cognitive development. Illustrates how family dining experiences build family relationships and provide a context for defining family roles and responsibilities. Shows how easily television can become a mealtime…
Logan, Theresa Castillo
1991-01-01
Families dining out with children are becoming an important customer segment revealing a personal preference for convenience, timely service, menu variety, and child entertainment. According to united states industry figures, families dining out with children constitute twenty percent of estimated commercial restaurant sales. Although the restaurant industry is segmenting customer markets for the 1990's, most restaurateurs still define customer markets using instinct v...
Gravitational waves from Affleck-Dine condensate fragmentation
Zhou, Shuang-Yong
2015-01-01
We compute the stochastic gravitational wave production from Affleck-Dine condensate fragmentation in the early universe, focusing on an effective potential with a logarithmic mass correction that typically arises in gravity mediated supersymmetry breaking scenarios. We find that a significant gravitational wave background can be generated when Q-balls are being formed out of the condensate fragmentation. This gravitational wave background has a distinct multi-peak power spectrum where the trough is closely linked to the supersymmetry breaking scale and whose frequencies are peaked around kHz for TeV supersymmetry breaking.
Oblique corrections in the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki axion model
Katanaeva Alisa
2016-01-01
We discuss the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki (DFS model, which extends the two-Higgs doublet model with an additional Peccei-Quinn symmetry and leads to a physically acceptable axion. The non-linear parametrization of the DFS model is exploited in the generic case where all scalars except the lightest Higgs and the axion have masses at or beyond the TeV scale. We compute the oblique corrections and use their values from the electroweak experimental fits to put constraints on the mass spectrum of the DFS model.
The Dynamics of Affleck-Dine Condensate Collapse
Enqvist, Kari; Enqvist, Kari; Donald, John Mc
2000-01-01
In the MSSM, cosmological scalar field condensates formed along flat directions of the scalar potential (Affleck-Dine condensates) are typically unstable with respect to formation of Q-balls, a type of non-topological soliton. We consider the dynamical evolution of the Affleck-Dine condensate in the MSSM. We discuss the creation and linear growth, in F- and D-term inflation models, of the quantum seed perturbations which in the non-linear regime catalyse the collapse of the condensate to non-topological soliton lumps. We study numerically the evolution of the collapsing condensate lumps and show that the solitons initially formed are not in general Q-balls, but Q-axitons, a pseudo-breather which can have very different properties from Q-balls of the same charge. We calculate the energy and charge radiated from a spherically symmetric condensate lump as it evolves into a Q-axiton. We also discuss the implications for baryogenesis and dark matter.
Video interview with Michael Dell
CERN Bulletin
2010-01-01
Michael Dell, founder and presently Chairman of the Board of Directors and Chief Executive Office of the DELL computer company visited CERN on Tuesday 26th January 2010. The Bulletin and the Video productions team had the opportunity to meet him. The video interview is transcribed for your convenience. Michael S. Dell with CERN Director-General Rolf Heuer. What motivated you to come and visit CERN? I obviously heard about the great science and research has going on here, and DELL is very pleased to be a partner and providing a lot of the computers to analyse the data and I really wanted to see for myself in person, some of the great science that is going on here. What is your view on fundamental research in IT, and in general? I think if you look at the field of science in the last hundred years, we have been able to solve a lot of problems, but there are still lots of unsolved problems and unsolved mysteries. And it is only through basic fundamental research that we will address these probl...
Influence of different joints on quality of dining chairs
Skakić Dušan
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Products quality presents one of the main causes of every contemporary organized production, which includes it, in group of basic exit characteristics. According to national standard, quality mark is based on testing of its quality characteristics. A characteristic of quality has been divided into four groups of demands: functionality (functional dimensions and stability tests, rigidity, surface rigidity, quality of materials and work piece accuracy. Dining chair has been investigated by use of different wood joints, and some remarks on construction has been given. Two groups of investigated chairs has been mounted by use of metal fittings, and one group has been connected with wood dowels by use of PVA wood glue.
Coping with arsenic-based pesticides on Dine (Navajo) textiles
Anderson, Jae R.
Arsenic-based pesticide residues have been detected on Arizona State Museum's (ASM) Dine (Navajo) textile collection using a handheld portable X-ray (pXRF) spectrometer. The removal of this toxic pesticide from historic textiles in museums collections is necessary to reduce potential health risks to Native American communities, museum professionals, and visitors. The research objective was divided into three interconnected stages: (1) empirically calibrate the pXRF instrument for arsenic contaminated cotton and wool textiles; (2) engineer an aqueous washing treatment exploring the effects of time, temperature, agitation, and pH conditions to efficiently remove arsenic from wool textiles while minimizing damage to the structure and properties of the textile; (3) demonstrate the devised aqueous washing treatment method on three historic Navajo textiles known to have arsenic-based pesticide residues. The preliminary results removed 96% of arsenic from a high arsenic concentration (~1000 ppm) textile opposed to minimal change for low arsenic concentration textiles (<100 ppm).
Sørensen, John Aasted
2011-01-01
The objectives of Discrete Mathematics (IDISM2) are: The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including the application within programming languages for computer systems. Having passed the IDISM2 course, the student will be able...... to accomplish the following: -Understand and apply formal representations in discrete mathematics. -Understand and apply formal representations in problems within discrete mathematics. -Understand methods for solving problems in discrete mathematics. -Apply methods for solving problems in discrete mathematics......; construct a finite state machine for a given application. Apply these concepts to new problems. The teaching in Discrete Mathematics is a combination of sessions with lectures and students solving problems, either manually or by using Matlab. Furthermore a selection of projects must be solved and handed...
Living alone but eating together: Exploring lunch clubs as a dining out experience.
Thomas, Nadine; Emond, Ruth
2017-03-06
Dining out is most often associated with pleasure and gratification, principally since it presents opportunities for sociability. However, access to dining out experiences is influenced by multiple factors, including age. Little is known about the dining out habits of older people. In particular, the food practices of those living alone in the community is under-researched compared to those in hospital or residential care. This study explores the perceptions and preferences of ten older people towards domestic and communal meals in South East Scotland. Qualitative data were generated from 5-day food diaries and in-depth interviews with individuals who lived alone and attended a community-based senior citizen's lunch club. Data were coded and thematically analysed using a symbolic interactionist perspective. A number of key themes were identified, including the meaning of mealtimes. It was found that most participants ate the majority of their meals at home alone. Despite this, dining alone was not necessarily experienced as 'lonely'. Participants reported that dining out at the lunch club was a pleasurable experience given the social interaction and the separation of consumption from food work. Moreover, due to restricted mobility and limited access to transport, the lunch club was viewed by participants as one of the few places that they could go to dine out.
Affleck-Dine baryogenesis with R-parity violation
Higaki, Tetsutaro; Saikawa, Ken'ichi; Takahashi, Tomo; Yamaguchi, Masahide
2014-01-01
We investigate whether the baryon asymmetry of the universe is explained in the framework of the supersymmetric extension of the Standard Model with R-parity violating interactions. It is shown that the Affleck-Dine mechanism naturally works via a trilinear interaction $LLE^c$, $LQD^c$, or $U^cD^cD^c$, if the magnitude of the coupling corresponding to the operator $\\lambda$, $\\lambda'$, or $\\lambda''$ is sufficiently small. The formation of Q-balls and their subsequent evolution are also discussed. The present baryon asymmetry can be explained in the parameter region where R-parity is mildly violated $10^{-9}\\lesssim\\lambda,\\lambda',\\lambda''\\lesssim 10^{-6}$ and the mass of the gravitino is relatively heavy $m_{3/2}\\gtrsim 10^4\\mathrm{GeV}$. On the other hand, it is difficult to explain the present baryon asymmetry for larger values of R-parity violating couplings $\\lambda,\\lambda',\\lambda''\\gtrsim 10^{-5}$, since Q-balls are likely to be destructed in the thermal environment and the primordial baryon number...
Affleck-Dine mechanism with negative thermal logarithmic potential
Kasuya, S; Takahashi, F; Takahashi, Fuminobu
2003-01-01
We investigate whether the Affleck-Dine (AD) mechanism works when the contribution of the two-loop thermal correction to the potential is negative in the gauge-mediated supersymmetry breaking models. The AD field is trapped far away from the origin by the negative thermal correction for a long time until the temperature of the universe becomes low enough. The most striking feature is that the Hubble parameter becomes much smaller than the mass scale of the radial component of the AD field, during the trap. Then, the amplitude of the AD field decreases so slowly that the baryon number is not fixed even after the onset of radial oscillation. The resultant baryon asymmetry crucially depends on whether the Hubble parameter, $H$, is larger than the mass scale of the phase component of the AD field, $M_\\theta$, at the beginning of oscillation. If $H M_\\theta$ holds, it is found that the dynamics of Q-ball formation does not affect the baryon asymmetry, and that it is possible to generate the right amount of the ba...
Oblique corrections in the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki axion model
Katanaeva, Alisa; Espriu, Domènec
2016-11-01
In the Minimal Standard Model (MSM) there is no degree of freedom for dark matter. There are several extensions of the MSM introducing a new particle - an invisible axion, which can be regarded as a trustworthy candidate at least for a part of the dark matter component. However, as it is extremely weakly coupled, it cannot be directly measured at the LHC. We propose to explore the electroweak sector indirectly by considering a particular model that includes the axion and derive consequences that could be experimentally tested. We discuss the Dine-Fischler-Srednicki (DFS) model, which extends the two-Higgs doublet model with an additional Peccei-Quinn symmetry and leads to a physically acceptable axion. The non-linear parametrization of the DFS model is exploited in the generic case where all scalars except the lightest Higgs and the axion have masses at or beyond the TeV scale. We compute the oblique corrections and use their values from the electroweak experimental fits to put constraints on the mass spectrum of the DFS model.
Flach, S
1998-01-01
Nonlinear classical Hamiltonian lattices exhibit generic solutions in the form of discrete breathers. These solutions are time-periodic and (typically exponentially) localized in space. The lattices exhibit discrete translational symmetry. Discrete breathers are not confined to certain lattice dimensions. Necessary ingredients for their occurence are the existence of upper bounds on the phonon spectrum (of small fluctuations around the groundstate) of the system as well as the nonlinearity in the differential equations. We will present existence proofs, formulate necessary existence conditions, and discuss structural stability of discrete breathers. The following results will be also discussed: the creation of breathers through tangent bifurcation of band edge plane waves; dynamical stability; details of the spatial decay; numerical methods of obtaining breathers; interaction of breathers with phonons and electrons; movability; influence of the lattice dimension on discrete breather properties; quantum lattic...
Discrete Stein characterizations and discrete information distances
Ley, Christophe
2012-01-01
We construct two different Stein characterizations of discrete distributions and use these to provide a natural connection between Stein characterizations for discrete distributions and discrete information functionals.
Sørensen, John Aasted
2010-01-01
The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including applications within programming languages for computer systems. Course sessions and project work. Semester: Spring 2010 Ectent: 5 ects Class size: 18......The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including applications within programming languages for computer systems. Course sessions and project work. Semester: Spring 2010 Ectent: 5 ects Class size: 18...
Sørensen, John Aasted
2010-01-01
The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including applications within programming languages for computer systems. Course sessions and project work. Semester: Autumn 2010 Ectent: 5 ects Class size: 15......The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including applications within programming languages for computer systems. Course sessions and project work. Semester: Autumn 2010 Ectent: 5 ects Class size: 15...
Abstraction for Epistemic Model Checking of Dining Cryptographers-based Protocols
Al-Bataineh, Omar I
2010-01-01
The paper describes an abstraction for protocols that are based on multiple rounds of Chaum's Dining Cryptographers protocol. It is proved that the abstraction preserves a rich class of specifications in the logic of knowledge, including specifications describing what an agent knows about other agents' knowledge. This result can be used to optimize model checking of Dining Cryptographers-based protocols, and applied within a methodology for knowledge-based program implementation and verification. Some case studies of such an application are given, for a protocol that uses the Dining Cryptographers protocol as a primitive in an anonymous broadcast system. Performance results are given for model checking knowledge-based specifications in the concrete and abstract models of this protocol, and some new conclusions about the protocol are derived.
Yuan; Dan
2014-01-01
<正>Mr.Michael Wood is a wellknown British historian and documentary maker who has produced more than a hundred documentaries on various national histories and cultures exemplified by The Story of India.They enjoy wide popularity in more than 150 countries.I met him in February when he took his fi lm crew to Yangzhou to shoot The Story of China documentary for the British Broadcasting Corporation(BBC).It was a snowy day,cold and wet,but Michael said happily that the
Waelbroeck, H
1999-01-01
We propose a theory of deterministic chaos for discrete systems, based on their representations in symbolic history spaces Ømega. These are spaces of semi-infinite sequences, as the one-sided shift spaces, but endowed with a more general topology which we call a semicausal topology. We show that define metrical properties, including the correlation dimension of the attractor. Examples are considered: Asymmetric neural networks and random cellular automata are not chaotic. A neural network model with memory, on the other hand, does appear to be an example of discrete chaos.
Caltagirone, Jean-Paul
2014-01-01
This book presents the fundamental principles of mechanics to re-establish the equations of Discrete Mechanics. It introduces physics and thermodynamics associated to the physical modeling. The development and the complementarity of sciences lead to review today the old concepts that were the basis for the development of continuum mechanics. The differential geometry is used to review the conservation laws of mechanics. For instance, this formalism requires a different location of vector and scalar quantities in space. The equations of Discrete Mechanics form a system of equations where the H
Augusto Hernández Vidal
2011-12-01
Full Text Available In order to strengthen the concept of municipal autonomy, this essay proposes an extensive interpretation of administrative discretion. Discretion is the exercise of free judgment given by law to authorities for performing official acts. This legislative technique seems to be suitable whenever the legislative is intended to legislate over the essential core of municipal autonomy. This way, an eventual abuse of that autonomy could be avoided, for the disproportional restriction of the local faculty to oversee the local issues. This alternative is presented as a tool to provide with dynamism the performing of administrative activities as well, aiming to assimilate public administration new practices.
Michael Hauskeller: Sex and the Posthuman Condition
Miller, Lantz Eugene
2016-01-01
This new book from Michael Hauskeller explores the currently marketed or projected sex/love products that exhibit some trait of so-called “posthumanistic” theory or design. These products are so designated because of their intention to fuse high technologies, including robotics and computing, with
Michael Hauskeller: Sex and the Posthuman Condition
Miller, Lantz Flemming
2016-01-01
This new book from Michael Hauskeller explores the currently marketed or projected sex/love products that exhibit some trait of so-called “posthumanistic” theory or design. These products are so designated because of their intention to fuse high technologies, including robotics and computing, with t
Reframing Michael Scott: Exploring Inappropriate Workplace Communication
Schaefer, Zachary A.
2010-01-01
Individuals who work in professional settings interact with others who may exhibit a variety of cultural beliefs and decision-making approaches. Page (2007) argues that cognitive diversity (i.e., how people approach and attempt to solve problems) is a vital asset in effective organizations. Michael Scott, who portrays the inept main character on…
Comments on Michael (1993): Establishing Operations
Moore, J.
2013-01-01
The present comments concern Michael's concept of motivative variables, and the implications of that concept for our understanding of the nature of reinforcement as well as the extinction of responses maintained through positive and negative reinforcement. We note that both extinction and altering motivative variables decrease responding, but…
TIME CAPSULE: MICHAEL LUCHKOVICH AND THE FAMINE
Serge Cipko
2013-05-01
Full Text Available This paper examines the reaction of the Ukrainian community in Canada at the Ukrainian famine of 1932–1933 in particular highlights the activities member of parliament, a Ukrainian-born Michael Luchkovich which 5 February 1934 gave a speech in federal parliament, reporting on the famine in the USSR and the related this protest the Ukrainian diaspora.
Reflections: Michael Watts interviewed by Murat Arsel
M. Arsel (Murat)
2009-01-01
textabstractMichael Watts is ‘Class of 1963’ Chair in Undergraduate Studies and Chancellor’s Professor of Geography at the University of California, Berkeley. Born and raised in rural southwest England, Watts studied at University College London and completed his PhD in 1979 at the University of Mic
Chaudhury, Habib; Keller, Heather; Pfisterer, Kaylen; Hung, Lillian
2017-02-20
This paper presents the first standardized physical environmental assessment tool titled Dining Environment Audit Protocol (DEAP) specifically designed for dining spaces in care homes and reports the results of its psychometric properties. Items rated include: adequacy of lighting, glare, personal control, clutter, staff supervision support, restraint use, and seating arrangement option for social interaction. Two scales summarize the prior items and rate the overall homelikeness and functionality of the space. Ten dining rooms in three long-term care homes were selected for assessment. Data were collected over 11 days across 5 weeks. Two trained assessors completed DEAP independently on the same day. Interrater-reliability was completed for lighting, glare, space, homelike aspects, seating arrangements and the two summary scales, homelikeness and functionality of the space. For categorical measures, measure responses were dichotomized at logical points and Cohen's Kappa and concordance on ratings were determined. The two overall rating scales on homelikeness and functionality of space were found to be reliable intraclass correlation coefficient (ICC) (~0.7). The mean rating for homelikeness for Assessor 1 was 3.5 (SD 1.35) and for functionality of the room was 5.3. (SD 0.82; median 5.5). The findings indicate that the tool's interrater-reliability scores are promising. The high concordance on the overall scores for homelikeness and functionality is indicative of the strength of the individual items in generating a reliable global assessment score on these two important aspects of the dining space.
Lowe, Maria R.; Byron, Reginald A.; Ferry, Griffin; Garcia, Melissa
2013-01-01
This article describes a study that explored factors which influenced undergraduate students' perceptions of the racial climate at a predominantly white liberal arts university in the South. Mixed methods results suggest that race, aspects of the institutional climate, and frequent interracial dining experiences in the campus cafeteria…
Chen, Chao-Jung; Gregoire, Mary B.; Arendt, Susan; Shelley, Mack C.
2011-01-01
Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to examine college and university dining services administrators' (CUDSAs) intention to adopt sustainable practices. Design/methodology/approach: The theory of planned behavior (TPB) including constructs of subjective norm (SN), attitude, perceived behavior control, and personal norm (PN), formed the…
Lowe, Maria R.; Byron, Reginald A.; Ferry, Griffin; Garcia, Melissa
2013-01-01
This article describes a study that explored factors which influenced undergraduate students' perceptions of the racial climate at a predominantly white liberal arts university in the South. Mixed methods results suggest that race, aspects of the institutional climate, and frequent interracial dining experiences in the campus cafeteria…
Sørensen, John Aasted
2011-01-01
examples on regular languages. Apply these concepts to new problems. Finite state machines: Define a finite state machine as a 6-tuble; describe simple finite state machines by tables and graphs; pattern recognition by finite state machines; minimizing the number of states in a finite state machine......The objectives of Discrete Mathematics (IDISM2) are: The introduction of the mathematics needed for analysis, design and verification of discrete systems, including the application within programming languages for computer systems. Having passed the IDISM2 course, the student will be able...... of natural numbers. Apply these concepts to new problems. Division and factorizing: Define a prime number and apply Euclid´s algorithm for factorizing an integer. Regular languages: Define a language from the elements of a set; define a regular language; form strings from a regular language; construct...
Michael Haneke film Euroopa parim / M. T.
M. T.
2005-01-01
IX PÖFFil linastuv Michael Haneke film "Varjatud" ("Cache") võitis laupäeval mitu Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhinda, selhulgas parima filmi, parima lavastaja, parima meesnäitleja (Daniel Auteuil) ja FIPRESCI auhinna. Parim naisnäitleja - Julia Jentsch ("Sophie Scholli viimased päevad"), operaator - Franz Lustig ("Don't Come Knocking"), stsenaarium - Hany Abu-Assad, Bero Beyer ("Kohe paradiisi")
STS-86 Pilot Michael Bloomfield suits up
1997-01-01
STS-86 Pilot Michael J. Bloomfield relaxes for a moment while donning his launch and entry suit with the assistance of a suit technician in the Operations and Checkout Building. This will be Bloomfields first spaceflight. He and the six other crew members will depart shortly for Launch Pad 39A, where the Space Shuttle Atlantis awaits liftoff on a 10-day mission slated to be the seventh docking of the Space Shuttle with the Russian Space Station Mir.
Comments on Michael (1993): Establishing Operations
Moore, J
2013-01-01
The present comments concern Michael's concept of motivative variables, and the implications of that concept for our understanding of the nature of reinforcement as well as the extinction of responses maintained through positive and negative reinforcement. We note that both extinction and altering motivative variables decrease responding, but they do so differently. The former does so by discontinuing the response-reinforcer relation. The latter does so by altering the motivation to respond. ...
Michael Haneke film Euroopa parim / M. T.
M. T.
2005-01-01
IX PÖFFil linastuv Michael Haneke film "Varjatud" ("Cache") võitis laupäeval mitu Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhinda, selhulgas parima filmi, parima lavastaja, parima meesnäitleja (Daniel Auteuil) ja FIPRESCI auhinna. Parim naisnäitleja - Julia Jentsch ("Sophie Scholli viimased päevad"), operaator - Franz Lustig ("Don't Come Knocking"), stsenaarium - Hany Abu-Assad, Bero Beyer ("Kohe paradiisi")
Obituary: Michael James Ledlow, 1964-2004
Puxley, Philip John; Grashuis, Randon M.
2004-12-01
Michael James Ledlow died on 5 June 2004 from a large, unsuspected brain tumor. Since 2000 he had been on the scientific staff of the Gemini Observatory in La Serena, Chile, initially as a Science Fellow and then as a tenure-track astronomer. Michael was born in Bartlesville, Oklahoma on 1 October 1964 to Jerry and Sharon Ledlow. He obtained his Bachelor Degree in astrophysics at the University of Oklahoma in 1987 and attended the University of New Mexico for his graduate work, obtaining his PhD while studying Galaxy Clusters under Frazer Owen in 1994. From 1995-1997 Michael held a postdoctoral position with Jack Burns at New Mexico State University where he used various astronomical facilities including the VLA and Apache Point Observatory to study distant galaxies. From 1998-2000 Michael rejoined the Physics and Astronomy Department at the University of New Mexico where he was a visiting professor until he moved on to Gemini. At the Gemini Observatory, Mike shared in the excitement, hard work and many long days and nights associated with bringing on-line a major new astronomical facility and its instrumentation. Following its commissioning he assisted visiting observers, supported and took data for many more remote users via the queue system, and for each he showed the same care and attention to detail evident in his own research to ensure that all got the best possible data. His research concentrated on the radio and optical properties of galaxy clusters, especially rich Abell clusters such as A2125, on luminous radio galaxies, including the detection of a powerful double radio source in the "wrong sort of galaxy," the spiral system 0313-192, and on EROs (extremely red objects), dusty galaxies barely detectable at optical wavelengths. Michael thoroughly enjoyed living in Chile and enthusiastically immersed himself in the culture of his surroundings. He and his family were actively involved with the International English Spanish Association in La Serena. He had a
Parker, R Gary
1988-01-01
This book treats the fundamental issues and algorithmic strategies emerging as the core of the discipline of discrete optimization in a comprehensive and rigorous fashion. Following an introductory chapter on computational complexity, the basic algorithmic results for the two major models of polynomial algorithms are introduced--models using matroids and linear programming. Further chapters treat the major non-polynomial algorithms: branch-and-bound and cutting planes. The text concludes with a chapter on heuristic algorithms.Several appendixes are included which review the fundamental ideas o
Opening the window to the cogenesis with Affleck–Dine mechanism in gravity mediation
Kamada, Ayuki [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Kawasaki, Masahiro [Kavli Institute for the Physics and Mathematics of the Universe, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan); Yamada, Masaki, E-mail: yamadam@icrr.u-tokyo.ac.jp [Institute for Cosmic Ray Research, University of Tokyo, Kashiwa, Chiba 277-8582 (Japan)
2013-02-12
The observed baryon and dark matter densities are equal up to a factor of 5. This observation indicates that the baryon asymmetry and dark matter have the same origin. The Affleck–Dine baryogenesis is one of the most promising mechanisms in this context. Q balls, which are often formed in the early Universe associated with the Affleck–Dine baryogenesis, decay both into supersymmetric particles and into quarks. Recently, it was pointed out that annihilation of squarks into quarks gives a dominant contribution to the Q-ball decay rate and the branching ratio of Q-ball decay into supersymmetric particles changes from the previous estimate. In this Letter, the scenario of baryon and dark matter cogenesis from Q ball in gravity mediation is revisited in respect of the improved Q-ball decay rates. It is found that the successful cogenesis takes place when a wino with mass 400–600 GeV is dark matter.
Opening the window to the cogenesis with Affleck-Dine mechanism in gravity mediation
Kamada, Ayuki; Yamada, Masaki
2012-01-01
The observed baryon and dark matter densities are equal up to a factor of 5. This observation indicates that the baryon asymmetry and dark matter have the same origin. The Affleck-Dine baryogenesis is one of the most promising mechanisms in this context. Q balls, which are often formed in the early Universe associated with the Affleck-Dine baryogenesis, decay both into supersymmetric particles and into quarks. Recently, it was pointed out that annihilation of squarks into quarks gives a dominant contribution to the Q-ball decay rate and the branching ratio of Q-ball decay into supersymmetric particles changes from the previous estimate. In this paper, the scenario of baryon and dark matter cogenesis from Q ball in gravity mediation is revisited in respect of the improved Q-ball decay rates. It is found that the successful cogenesis takes place when a wino with mass 400-600 GeV is dark matter.
Business Case Analysis: Increasing Air Force Dining Hall Use as an Alternative to Closure
2011-12-01
will come from, Secretary Gates stated that “[t]he ’low-hanging fruit ’—those weapons and other programs considered most questionable—have not only...express dessert bar all during one meal period (“What’s new at Travis – Sierra”, n.d.). 20 In an effort to transition to a “campus-style” dining
Mitigating the Health Risks of Dining Out: The Need for Standardized Portion Sizes in Restaurants
Cohen, Deborah A.; Story, Mary
2014-01-01
Because restaurants routinely serve food with more calories than people need, dining out represents a risk factor for overweight, obesity and other diet-related chronic diseases. Most people lack the capacity to judge the caloric content of food and there is limited evidence that people make use of calorie-labeling information when it is available. Standardized portion sizes would not preclude people from eating as much as they want, but would make the amount they are getting fully transparen...
A conversation with Michael Freeman, MD.
Freeman, M
1994-12-01
The Institute for Behavioral Healthcare, a nonprofit organization that serves as an informational resource on issues surrounding the delivery of Behavioral Health Care Services, has been directed by Dr. Michael Freeman since its inception in 1988. In this crucial, unstable period in health care, membership in the Institute and attendance at its sponsored meetings has increased dramatically. Recently, Medical Interface talked with Dr. Freeman about topics of interest to the behavioral health care industry, ranging from any willing provider laws to the benefit itself.
Anne Michaels e le ferite del linguaggio
Oriana Palusci
2014-04-01
Fugitive Pieces is analysed taking into consideration its polyphonic structure, the manifold motives and threads that weave together an intricate pattern, based on historical events and personal stories. Thanks to her use of scientific language from the realm of geology, paleobotany and geography, Michaels excavates time and space, past and present, in order to find a language to unveil the atrocities of Nazism against Jews, to preserve and evoke the memories of the survivors, but at the same time lead to a possible reconciliation with the past.
Richard Michael Suzman (1942-2015).
Kahneman, Daniel
2016-01-01
Presents an obituary for Richard Michael Suzman, who died on April 16, 2015. Suzman was trained as a sociologist and anthropologist, but he was attracted to the approaches of demography and economics. He came to know a great deal about diverse fields of science, including health, physiology, psychology, genetics, and economics. He was a scientific leader who was on a quest to develop new transdisciplinary fields and to mobilize the best scientists to work in them. Suzman's passion for transdisciplinary science was fully expressed in his greatest achievement: the famous Health and Retirement Survey (HRS), which he initiated in 1988 and continued to guide and inspire. (PsycINFO Database Record
Firth, Jean M
1992-01-01
The analysis of signals and systems using transform methods is a very important aspect of the examination of processes and problems in an increasingly wide range of applications. Whereas the initial impetus in the development of methods appropriate for handling discrete sets of data occurred mainly in an electrical engineering context (for example in the design of digital filters), the same techniques are in use in such disciplines as cardiology, optics, speech analysis and management, as well as in other branches of science and engineering. This text is aimed at a readership whose mathematical background includes some acquaintance with complex numbers, linear differen tial equations, matrix algebra, and series. Specifically, a familiarity with Fourier series (in trigonometric and exponential forms) is assumed, and an exposure to the concept of a continuous integral transform is desirable. Such a background can be expected, for example, on completion of the first year of a science or engineering degree cour...
Roitmann, Michael
2003-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. dets. lk. 9. Euroopa Komisjoni kalandusdirektoraadi koordinaator Euroopa Liidu laienemise küsimuses Michael Roitmann juhib tähelepanu Eesti kalanduse suurematele probleemidele ning prognoosib EL-iga liitumise mõju Eesti kalandussektori arengule
Roitmann, Michael
2003-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Delovõje Vedomosti 3. dets. lk. 9. Euroopa Komisjoni kalandusdirektoraadi koordinaator Euroopa Liidu laienemise küsimuses Michael Roitmann juhib tähelepanu Eesti kalanduse suurematele probleemidele ning prognoosib EL-iga liitumise mõju Eesti kalandussektori arengule
Oh, Chorong; Kim, Hak-Seon; No, Jae-Kyung
2015-02-14
The frequency of dining out has rapidly increased; however, the independent associations between dining out, metabolic syndrome risk factors and nutritional status have not been well characterised. The aim of the present study was to investigate the associations between dining out, nutritional intakes and metabolic syndrome risk factors among Korean adults, using data from the 2011 Korean National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Frequency of dining out was significantly associated with intake of nutrients such as energy, water, protein, fat, carbohydrate, Ca, Na, vitamin A and carotene. Especially, the result revealed that Korean adults had insufficient Ca intake compared with the Korean reference intake (700 mg). As the frequency of dining out increased, so did energy intake. In addition, individuals who dined out seven or more times per week experienced a 64% higher likelihood of blood pressure abnormalities, an 88% higher likelihood of waist circumference abnormalities, and a 32% higher likelihood of low HDL-cholesterol levels than those who dined out less than once per week. BMI was not associated with the frequency of dining out. Our findings suggest that strategies to modify dining-out behaviour could reduce metabolic syndrome risk factors via improved nutrition.
Michael Maier--nine newly discovered letters.
Lenke, Nils; Roudet, Nicolas; Tilton, Hereward
2014-02-01
The authors provide a transcription, translation, and evaluation of nine newly discovered letters from the alchemist Michael Maier (1568-1622) to Gebhardt Johann von Alvensleben (1576-1631), a noble landholder in the vicinity of Magdeburg. Stemming from the final year of his life, this correspondence casts new light on Maier's biography, detailing his efforts to secure patronage amid the financial crisis of the early Thirty Years' War. While his ill-fated quest to perfect potable gold continued to form the central focus of his patronage suits, Maier also offered his services in several arts that he had condemned in his printed works, namely astrology and "supernatural" magic. Remarks concerning his previously unknown acquaintance with Heinrich Khunrath call for a re-evaluation of Maier's negotiation of the discursive boundaries between Lutheran orthodoxy and Paracelsianism. The letters also reveal Maier's substantial contribution to a work previously ascribed solely to the English alchemist Francis Anthony.
STS-97 Crew Interviews: Michael J. Bloomfield
2000-01-01
Live footage of a preflight interview with Pilot Michael J. Bloomfield is shown. The interview addresses many different questions including why Bloomfield became interested in the space program, the events and people that influence him and ultimately led to his interest, and his vigorous training in the astronaut program. Other interesting information that this one-on-one interview discusses are the main goals of the STS-97 mission, its scheduled docking with the new International Space Station (ISS), and its delivery of the first set of U.S.-provided solar arrays, batteries, and radiators. Bloomfield briefly discusses his responsibilities during the much-anticipated docking as well as during the scheduled space-walks.
Discretization of topological spaces
Amini, Massoud; Golestani, Nasser
2014-01-01
There are several compactification procedures in topology, but there is only one standard discretization, namely, replacing the original topology with the discrete topology. We give a notion of discretization which is dual (in categorical sense) to compactification and give examples of discretizations. Especially, a discretization functor from the category of $\\alpha$-scattered Stonean spaces to the category of discrete spaces is constructed which is the converse of the Stone-\\v{C}ech compact...
Book Review: Invitation to Topological Robotics by Michael Farber
Raussen, Martin
2009-01-01
Book Review: Invitaton to Topological Robotics by Michael Farber. Zurich Lectures in Advanced Mathematics, European Mathematical Society (2008), ISBN 978-3-03719-054-8......Book Review: Invitaton to Topological Robotics by Michael Farber. Zurich Lectures in Advanced Mathematics, European Mathematical Society (2008), ISBN 978-3-03719-054-8...
Interview with Michael Apple: The Biography of a Public Intellectual
Peters, Michael A.
2015-01-01
Michael W. Apple is the John Bascom Professor of Curriculum and Instruction and Educational Policy Studies in the Departments of Curriculum and Instruction (CI) and Educational Policy Studies (EPS) at the University of Wisconsin-Madison School of Education where he has taught since 1970. Michael Apple is one of the foremost educational theorists…
Michael J. Meaney: Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions
American Psychologist, 2012
2012-01-01
Presents Michael J. Meaney as one of the winners of the American Psychological Association's Award for Distinguished Scientific Contributions (2012). Michael J. Meaney has taken the phenomenon of "handling" of newborn rats and opened a new area of investigation that has given new meaning to epigenetics via his work demonstrating transgenerational…
Michael Young and the Curriculum Field in South Africa
Hoadley, Ursula
2015-01-01
The paper addresses the question of what we should make of Michael Young's recent work with respect to curriculum theory by considering the particular case of South African curriculum reform. The paper thus traces two trajectories: the evolution of Michael Young's ideas over time and South African curriculum reform in the post-apartheid period.…
Discrete Curvatures and Discrete Minimal Surfaces
Sun, Xiang
2012-06-01
This thesis presents an overview of some approaches to compute Gaussian and mean curvature on discrete surfaces and discusses discrete minimal surfaces. The variety of applications of differential geometry in visualization and shape design leads to great interest in studying discrete surfaces. With the rich smooth surface theory in hand, one would hope that this elegant theory can still be applied to the discrete counter part. Such a generalization, however, is not always successful. While discrete surfaces have the advantage of being finite dimensional, thus easier to treat, their geometric properties such as curvatures are not well defined in the classical sense. Furthermore, the powerful calculus tool can hardly be applied. The methods in this thesis, including angular defect formula, cotangent formula, parallel meshes, relative geometry etc. are approaches based on offset meshes or generalized offset meshes. As an important application, we discuss discrete minimal surfaces and discrete Koenigs meshes.
van de Graaf, Jeroen
All voting protocols proposed so far, with the exception of a few, have the property that the privacy of the ballot is only computational. In this paper we outline a new and conceptually simple approach allowing us to construct a protocol in which the privacy of the ballot is unconditional. Our basic idea is to modify the protocol of Fujioka, Okamoto and Ohta[1], which uses blind signatures so that the voter can obtain a valid ballot. However, instead of using a MIX net, we use a new broadcast protocol for anonymously publishing the vote, a Non-Interactive variation of the Dining Cryptographer Net.
Mitigating the health risks of dining out: the need for standardized portion sizes in restaurants.
Cohen, Deborah A; Story, Mary
2014-04-01
Because restaurants routinely serve food with more calories than people need, dining out represents a risk factor for overweight, obesity, and other diet-related chronic diseases. Most people lack the capacity to judge the caloric content of food and there is limited evidence that people make use of calorie-labeling information when it is available. Standardized portion sizes would not preclude people from eating as much as they want, but would make the amount they are getting fully transparent. We describe the potential benefits and means of implementing a system of standardized portion sizes that might facilitate a healthier diet among the US population.
An Interview with Sir Michael Marmot
Editors
2009-06-01
Full Text Available In August of 2008 the WHO Commission on the Social Determinants of Health concluded its work with the publication of a report entitled: “Closing the gap in a generation: Health equity through action on the social determinants of health.” The Commission’s chair, Sir Michael Marmot, was kind enough to answer our questions about the Commission’s recommendations. This interview was conducted by email in May of this year. Social Medicine: We congratulate the Com-mission on its excellent work in bringing attention to the social determinants of health and the Commission’s call for health equity. We appreciated the Commission’s recognition that: “Social Justice is a matter of life and death.” We were also happy that the Commission included representatives of civil society in their work. This was an important affirmation of democratic values. When thinking about health inequalities people often use the analogue of the ladder to show how the gradient of worsening health outcomes affects all people in society except (presumably those at the very top. Thinking about the ladder leads us to pose the following question: Is making the ladder shorter (i.e. reducing inequalities the only approach to inequalities or is it possible to imagine making the ladder disappear entirely? Sir Michael Marmot: All societies have hier-archies. It is not conceivable, therefore, to have a society with no ladder. The conceptual framework of the Commission on Social Determinants of Health leads us to think of at least two (linked ways to address the relation between position on the ladder and health: act at the societal level to reduce social inequalities, and break the link between position in the social hierarchy and health. The first argues for reducing the slope of the social gradient. To see this, suppose, just for a moment, that the ladder were defined on the basis of years of education. People who had three years or fewer had life expectancy of 50 years
Race, punishment, and the Michael Vick experience.
Piquero, Alex R; Piquero, Nicole Leeper; Gertz, Marc; Baker, Thomas; Batton, Jason; Barnes, J C
2011-01-01
Objective. The relationship between race and crime has been contentious, focusing primarily on offending and incarceration patterns among minorities. There has been some limited work on public perceptions of criminal punishment, and findings show that while minorities believe in the role and rule of law, they simultaneously perceive the justice system as acting in a biased and/or unfair manner. Two limitations have stalled this literature. First, research has focused mainly on criminal punishments to the neglect of noncriminal punishments. Second, most studies have not examined whether race remains salient after considering other demographic variables or discrimination and legitimacy attitudes.Methods. Using data from 400 adults, we examine how race affects perceptions of criminal punishment and subsequent reinstatement into the National Football League in the case of Michael Vick, a star professional quarterback who pled guilty to charges of operating an illegal dog-fighting ring.Results. Findings show that whites are more likely to view Vick's punishment as too soft and that he should not be reinstated, while nonwhites had the opposite views. Race remained significant after controlling for other variables believed to be related to punishment perceptions.Conclusion. Attitudes toward both criminal punishment and NFL reinstatement vary across race such that there exists important divides in how individuals perceive the system meting out punishment and subsequently reintegrating offenders back into society. These results underscore that white and nonwhites perceive the law and its administration differently.
Obituary: Michael John Klein, 1940-2005
Gulkis, Samuel
2006-12-01
Michael John Klein died on 14 May 2005 at home in South Pasadena, California. The cause of death was tongue cancer that metastasized to the lungs. He was a non-smoker. Mike was a passionate radio astronomer, a trusted astronomical observer, an educator and a family man. Mike was born on 19 January 1940 in Ames, Iowa, the son of Florence Marie (Graf) and Fred Michael Klein. His mother was a homemaker, and his father was a banker. Mike had two older sisters, Lois Jean (Klein) Flauher and Marilyn June (Klein) Griffin. In 1962, Mike married his high school sweetheart Barbara Dahlberg, who survives him along with their three children, Kristin Marie (Klein) Shields, Michael John Klein Jr., Timothy Joel Klein, and six grandchildren. Mike developed a love for astronomy early in his life, and credited an early morning, newspaper-delivery route that he had at age twelve, which took him outside well before sunrise. He told family members that as he walked along his route, he stared into the sky and wondered what everything was. He studied sky charts, located stars, and began to understand how the planets shifted their positions relative to the stars each day. Another big influence in Mike's life was his brother in-law, Jim Griffin. Jim helped Mike understand that his passion for science did not have to remain a hobby, but could and should become a career. Jim's encouragement led Mike to attend Iowa State University in Ames, where he earned a BS in electrical engineering in 1962. Mike then started graduate school in electrical engineering at Michigan State, but after one semester transferred to the University of Michigan, Ann Arbor, where he earned an MS (1966) and PhD (1968) in astronomy. His doctoral dissertation, under the direction of Professor Fred Haddock, was based on extensive observations of the planets and examined the physical and thermal properties of planetary atmospheres and surfaces. Mike was awarded a Resident Research Associate position at JPL by the National
Hydroxypyri(mi)dine-based chelators as antidotes of toxicity due to aluminum and actinides.
Santos, M A; Esteves, M A; Chaves, S
2012-01-01
This review is focused on recent developments on hydroxypyri(mi)dines, as aluminum and actinide chelating agents to combat the toxicity due to accumulations of these metal ions in human body resulting from excessive metal exposure. After a brief update revision of the most common processes of aluminum (Al) exposure, as well as the associated toxicities and pathologies, we will focus on the current available Al chelators and future perspective as potential antidotes of Al toxicity. Due to the similarity between Al and Fe, a major emphasis is given to the hydroxypyridinone and hydroxypyrimidinone chelators, since they are analogues of the current iron chelators in clinical use (DFP and DFO). This review includes issues such as molecular design strategies and corresponding effects on the associated physico-chemical properties, lipo-hydrophilic balance, toxicity, in vivo bioassays and current clinical applications. The hydroxypyri(mi)dine chelators are also suitable for other hard metal ions, such as the radiotoxic actinides, and so a brief review is included on the applications of these chelators in actinides scavenging.
Meet EPA Scientist Michael Nye, Ph.D.
Michael Nye, Ph.D., is a social scientist who studies natural risk, socio-demographic change and sustainable behavior. Prior to joining EPA, he worked for the UK Environment Agency in flood risk management and emergency preparedness
Nitrosonium (NO+) catalyzed Michael addition of indoles to unsaturated enones
Guai Li Wu; Long Min Wu
2008-01-01
An efficient Michael addition of indoles to unsaturated enones, such as chalcones and β-nitrostyrenes, was achieved in thepresence of a catalytic amount of nitrosoninm tetrafluoroborate in ethyl ether.
Immigration and Social Systems : Collected Essays of Michael Bommes
2012-01-01
Michael Bommes (hoogleraar Sociologie en Migratieonderzoek) was een van de meest briljante en originele geleerden in zijn vakgebied. Deze postume bundel bevat een selectie van zijn belangrijkste werk over immigratie en de verzorgingsstaat, de integratie van immigranten, discriminatie, illegale
Rimbey, Kimberly
2007-01-01
Created by teachers for teachers, the Math Academy tools and activities included in this booklet were designed to create hands-on activities and a fun learning environment for the teaching of mathematics to the students. This booklet contains the "Math Academy--Dining Out! Explorations in Fractions, Decimals, and Percents," which teachers can use…
McClain, Arianna D.; Hekler, Eric B.; Gardner, Christopher D.
2013-01-01
Background: Previous research from the fields of computer science and engineering highlight the importance of an iterative design process (IDP) to create more creative and effective solutions. Objective: This study describes IDP as a new method for developing health behavior interventions and evaluates the effectiveness of a dining hall--based…
Martinez, Olivia D.; Roberto, Christina A.; Kim, Jane H.; Schwartz, Marlene B.; Brownell, Kelly D.
2013-01-01
Objective: To examine undergraduate student perceptions and reported use of nutrition information labels in campus dining halls.Design: Paper surveys were administered to a convenience sample of undergraduates. Setting: This study was conducted at an urban United States university. Method: A survey about perceptions and use of nutrition…
Michael Polanyi: Science as Personal Knowledge and Social Practice.
Nye, Mary Jo
2017-03-20
Tacit knowing: 2016 marked the 125th anniversary of the birth of the physical chemist Michael Polanyi, as well as the 40th of his death. This essay discusses his philosophy of science-in particular, his most significant work in this area, Personal Knowledge-from the perspective of his personal biography, as well as its lasting influence on the social sciences. In the photograph: Michael Polanyi at the Fritz Haber Institute in 1968.
Groupoids, Discrete Mechanics, and Discrete Variation
GUO Jia-Feng; JIA Xiao-Yu; WU Ke; ZHAO Wei-Zhong
2008-01-01
After introducing some of the basic definitions and results from the theory of groupoid and Lie algebroid,we investigate the discrete Lagrangian mechanics from the viewpoint of groupoid theory and give the connection between groupoids variation and the methods of the first and second discrete variational principles.
Zhou, Jianqin
2011-01-01
The discrete cosine transform (DCT), introduced by Ahmed, Natarajan and Rao, has been used in many applications of digital signal processing, data compression and information hiding. There are four types of the discrete cosine transform. In simulating the discrete cosine transform, we propose a generalized discrete cosine transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases. A new type of discrete cosine transform is proposed and its orthogonality is proved. Finally, we propose a generalized discrete W transform with three parameters, and prove its orthogonality for some new cases.
Mimetic discretization methods
Castillo, Jose E
2013-01-01
To help solve physical and engineering problems, mimetic or compatible algebraic discretization methods employ discrete constructs to mimic the continuous identities and theorems found in vector calculus. Mimetic Discretization Methods focuses on the recent mimetic discretization method co-developed by the first author. Based on the Castillo-Grone operators, this simple mimetic discretization method is invariably valid for spatial dimensions no greater than three. The book also presents a numerical method for obtaining corresponding discrete operators that mimic the continuum differential and
2011-08-25
In this podcast for kids, the Kidtastics talk about making smart food choices. Created: 8/25/2011 by National Center for Emerging and Zoonotic Infectious Diseases (NCEZID). Date Released: 8/25/2011.
Williams, Ruth; Hinds, Pamela S; Ke, Weiming; Hu, X Joan
2004-01-01
Hospitalization and cancer therapy can contribute to decreased food intake in children and adolescents with cancer, making it a challenge to meet their nutritional needs. The affect of hospitalization and the eating environment for pediatric oncology patients has not been studied very well, and the effect of altering the social aspect of mealtime for hospitalized pediatric oncology patients has not been studied at all. The authors conducted a randomized, prospective clinical trial to determine if hospitalized pediatric oncology patients consume more protein and calories when eating with a family member or when eating alone in their room at mealtime. All food and beverage intake was recorded for 3 consecutive days, and a food service satisfaction survey was completed on Day 3. Food records were analyzed for calorie and protein intake, and surveys were analyzed for patient/parent satisfaction. The study was completed by 200 hospitalized patients and their parent/caregiver. Overall, neither calorie nor protein intake differed significantly between the two groups, but patient/parent satisfaction was significantly higher in the group of patients who dined with their caregiver. By using analysis of variance, the authors found that ideal body weight and years of sickness were significantly associated with calorie and protein intake.
Discrete mathematics, discrete physics and numerical methods
Felice Iavernaro
2007-12-01
Full Text Available Discrete mathematics has been neglected for a long time. It has been put in the shade by the striking success of continuous mathematics in the last two centuries, mainly because continuous models in physics proved very reliable, but also because of the greater difﬁculty in dealing with it. This perspective has been rapidly changing in the last years owing to the needs of the numerical analysis and, more recently, of the so called discrete physics. In this paper, starting from some sentences of Fichera about discrete and continuous world, we shall present some considerations about discrete phenomena which arise when designing numerical methods or discrete models for some classical physical problems.
Discrete Wigner function dynamics
Klimov, A B; Munoz, C [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Guadalajara, Revolucion 1500, 44410, Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico)
2005-12-01
We study the evolution of the discrete Wigner function for prime and the power of prime dimensions using the discrete version of the star-product operation. Exact and semiclassical dynamics in the limit of large dimensions are considered.
Seidl, Gerhart
2014-01-01
We present a simple generalization of Noether's theorem for discrete symmetries in relativistic continuum field theories. We calculate explicitly the conserved current for several discrete spacetime and internal symmetries. In addition, we formulate an analogue of the Ward-Takahashi identity for the Noether current associated with a discrete symmetry.
[Food poisoning by scombroid fish (tuna) in a communal dining room of a company].
Arnedo, A; Bellido, J; Criado, J; Pérez, R; González, F; Safont, L; Monfort, G; Calvo, C
1989-11-25
We report a collective tuna fish poisoning which developed on June 10, 1988, in a staff dining room in Castellón. Twenty-one people were involved (attack rate 42.9%). The major symptoms were diarrhea, abdominal pain, headache, facial flushing and oral burning. The mean duration of the symptoms was 15 hours. The ingestion of tuna fish was significantly associated with the illness (p less than 0.001) when the other foodstuffs were controlled. Tuna fish had been defrosted at room air temperature during 14 hours. The analysis of several foodstuffs (there were no tuna fish remains available) and the food handling staff did not disclose pathogens. We discuss the etiology, pathogenesis, epidemiology and control of this type of food poisoning.
Vinci, Debra M; Philipp, Steven F
2007-06-01
This descriptive study compares African Americans' and Euro-Americans' perceived value of food selection pertaining to cost, portion size, and meal satisfaction when eating away from home. A stratified sample was drawn from a southern U.S. metropolitan area (N= 1,011; 486 African American, 525 Euro-American). Analysis showed no difference between African-American and Euro-American adults by sex or how often they dined out. These two groups significantly differed across years of education, age, and answering 14 of 18 rated statements on value perceptions. African-Americans' value perceptions were influenced more by lower cost foods and larger portion sizes than those of Euro-Americans. For meal satisfaction, African Americans were more likely to agree with statements that indicate preferring foods high in energy and low in essential micronutrient density. This study supports the need for more investigation.
Principles of Chemistry (by Michael Munowitz)
Kovac, Reviewed By Jeffrey
2000-05-01
At a time when almost all general chemistry textbooks seem to have become commodities designed by marketing departments to offend no one, it is refreshing to find a book with a unique perspective. Michael Munowitz has written what I can only describe as a delightful chemistry book, full of conceptual insight, that uses a novel and interesting pedagogic strategy. This is a book that has much to recommend it. This is the best-written general chemistry book I have ever read. An editor with whom I have worked recently remarked that he felt his job was to help authors make their writing sing. Well, the writing in Principles of Chemistry sings with the full, rich harmonies and creative inventiveness of the King's Singers or Chanticleer. Here is the first sentence of the introduction: "Central to any understanding of the physical world is one discovery of paramount importance, a truth disarmingly simple yet profound in its implications: matter is not continuous." This is prose to be savored and celebrated. Principles of Chemistry has a distinct perspective on chemistry: the perspective of the physical chemist. The focus is on simplicity, what is common about molecules and reactions; begin with the microscopic and build bridges to the macroscopic. The author's perspective is clear from the organization of the book. After three rather broad introductory chapters, there are four chapters that develop the quantum mechanical theory of atoms and molecules, including a strong treatment of molecular orbital theory. Unlike many books, Principles of Chemistry presents the molecular orbital approach first and introduces valence bond theory later only as an approximation for dealing with more complicated molecules. The usual chapters on descriptive inorganic chemistry are absent (though there is an excellent chapter on organic and biological molecules and reactions as well as one on transition metal complexes). Instead, descriptive chemistry is integrated into the development of
Entrevista al profesor D. Michael Walker. - Interview with Professor D. Michael Walker.
Caravaca Guerrero, Consuelo Isabel
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Entrevistar a un investigador de la talla de D. Michael Walker supone hablar de un investigador reconocido a nivel nacional e internacional, uno de los mayores expertos en evolución humana de nuestros días. Nació en Colchester (Inglaterra en 1941 y tiene doble nacionalidad: británica y australiana. Actualmente es profesor emérito de la Universidad de Murcia en el Departamento de Zoología y Antropología Física de la Facultad de Biología. Pero su currículum no acaba aquí, Michael realizó tres carreras, Fisiología Animal, Medicina, y Arqueología Prehistórica, en la Universidad de Oxford. Es Doctor por esta universidad, gracias a su tesis leída sobre Paleoantropología y Prehistoria de las cuencas de los ríos Segura y Vinalopó. Nuestro entrevistado, también fue elegido Académico (Fellow –F.S.A.- en 1988 de la Society of Antiquaries of Londono SAL. Fundada en 1707, la SAL es la equivalente británica de la española Real Academia de la Historia. Es Fellow también del Real Instituto Antropológico de la Gran Bretaña (Royal Anthropological Institute of Great Britain y socio emérito de la Asociación Americana de Antropólogos Físicos (American Association of Physical Anthropologists.
Guest Foreword from Michael Thomas CMG QC
Michael Thomas
2012-04-01
precedents and thought in a unique legal market in which ideas drawn from Islamic law, civil law and common law can intermingle and blend. It is not surprising therefore to see that this new publication will be dedicated to the subject of international law, both public and private. Its laudable aim is to promote legal discourse around the world, and to promote a wider international understanding of contemporary legal issues for the common benefit. As an open access, bilingual journal, addressing topics concerning any jurisdiction, I hope it will reach a wide audience, and fulfil its aim of promoting understanding between different cultures. I am sure that the journal will not only benefit Qatar’s legal community by advancing academic and practice-based legal discussion. I am also confident that it will stimulate thought in the global legal community at large. May I wish it every success and a long life. Michael Thomas CMG QC
CHANG Wei-Tze; HSIEH Shang-Hsien; YANG Fu-Ling; CHEN Chuin-Shan
2008-01-01
This paper proposes a numerical scheme that employs the discrete element method (DEM) to simulate the motion of a wet granular flow down an inclined channel.To account for the liquid influences on the dynamics between paired particles,this paper presents a wet soft-sphere contact model with liquid-modified parameters.The developed scheme takes full advantage of DEM and avoids the expensive simula-tion of the solid-liquid interactions with conventional Navier-Stokes equation solver.This wet contact model has been implemented in an in-housed parallel discrete objects simulation system-KNIGHT and ANNE/IRIS口to compute the dynamic behaviors of both dry and wet granular particles flowing down an in-dined channel.
Obituary: Michael John Seaton, 1923-2007
Pradhan, Anil; Nahar, Sultana
2007-12-01
Professor Michael John Seaton, hailed as the "Father of Atomic Astrophysics," passed away on May 29, 2007. He was one of the few Honorary Fellows of both the American Astronomical Society and the American Physical Society, so honored for his monumental contributions to both physics and astronomy. Mike Seaton was born on January 16, 1923 in Bristol, England. He attended Wallington County High School. But his leftist political activities, even at that stage, led to his expulsion, though he was eventually allowed to matriculate. He enlisted in the Royal Air Force as a navigator during the Second World War, and flew many dangerous missions. His legendary concentration and precision are reflected in the following anecdote. Once after a bombing mission his aircraft was lost in fog over the Alps. Seaton calculated the position and coordinates in flight to guide the aircraft. When the fog lifted, the crew found themselves flying perilously close to the mountains, but made it safely back. His associates often said, "A Seaton calculation is carried out as if his life depended on it." After the War he was admitted to University College London (UCL) as an undergraduate. Thereafter, he spent all of his professional career at UCL. Seaton received his Batchelor's degree in 1948, and his Ph.D. in 1951. His tenure at UCL coincided with the golden age of atomic astrophysics, for he was largely responsible for it. Seaton was elected Fellow of the Royal Society in 1967, and as President of the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS) in 1978. He was the recipient of an Honorary Doctorate from the Observatoire de Paris, an Honorary D.Sc. from the Queen's University of Belfast, the Gold Medal for Astronomy by the RAS, the Guthrie Medal by the Institute of Physics, the Royal Society Hughes award for lifetime work by the RAS, and several other prestigious awards. Nevertheless, as Alex Dalgarno recently remarked, Seaton was not part of the establishment because he chose not to be. Though rooted in
Triphenylphosphine-Catalyzed Michael Addition of Alcohols to Acrylic Compounds
LIU, Hai-Ling; JIANG, Huan-Feng; WANG, Yu-Gang
2007-01-01
A facile triphenylphosphine-catalyzed Michael addition of alcohols to acrylic compounds was described. The reaction was carried out in open air at refluxing temperature in the presence of 10 mol% PPh3. Michael addition of saturated and unsaturated alcohols to acrylonitrile or acrylates has been examined. The reaction gaveβ-alkoxy derivatives with isolated yields of 5%-79%. PPh3 is cheaper and more stable than those trialkylphosphines previously used for the similar reactions, and the products can be easily separated from the reaction mixture via distillation.
Geissler, Sabine
2012-01-01
Imagery relating to communal dining or banqueting in ancient Etruria is relatively abundant and provides a useful source of potential information about the workings of Etruscan society, not least because of the semantic value of banquet scenes. The conduct of eating and drinking in company generally reflects patterns of social behavior, governed by local traditions, rules, ritual, beliefs and ideology embedded in society. In addition, banqueting or feasting may be closely inter...
Ariwahjoedi, Seramika; Kosasih, Jusak Sali; Rovelli, Carlo; Zen, Freddy Permana
2016-01-01
Following our earlier work, we construct statistical discrete geometry by applying statistical mechanics to discrete (Regge) gravity. We propose a coarse-graining method for discrete geometry under the assumptions of atomism and background independence. To maintain these assumptions, restrictions are given to the theory by introducing cut-offs, both in ultraviolet and infrared regime. Having a well-defined statistical picture of discrete Regge geometry, we take the infinite degrees of freedom (large n) limit. We argue that the correct limit consistent with the restrictions and the background independence concept is not the continuum limit of statistical mechanics, but the thermodynamical limit.
Discrete mathematics, discrete physics and numerical methods
Felice Iavernaro; Donato Trigiante
2007-01-01
Discrete mathematics has been neglected for a long time. It has been put in the shade by the striking success of continuous mathematics in the last two centuries, mainly because continuous models in physics proved very reliable, but also because of the greater difﬁculty in dealing with it. This perspective has been rapidly changing in the last years owing to the needs of the numerical analysis and, more recently, of the so called discrete physics. In this paper, starting from some sentences o...
Lipase-Catalyzed Aza-Michael Reaction on Acrylate Derivatives
Steunenberg, P.; Sijm, M.; Zuilhof, H.; Sanders, J.P.M.; Scott, E.L.; Franssen, M.C.R.
2013-01-01
A methodology has been developed for an efficient and selective lipase-catalyzed aza-Michael reaction of various amines (primary and secondary) with a series of acrylates and alkylacrylates. Reaction parameters were tuned, and under the optimal conditions it was found that Pseudomonas stutzeri lipas
Michael hydratase alcohol dehydrogenase or just alcohol dehydrogenase?
Resch, V.A.; Jin, J.; Chen, B.S.; Hanefeld, U.
2014-01-01
The Michael hydratase – alcohol dehydrogenase (MhyADH) from Alicycliphilus denitrificans was previously identified as a bi-functional enzyme performing a hydration of α,β-unsaturated ketones and subsequent oxidation of the formed alcohols. The investigations of the bi-functionality were based on a
Michael Moore kaevati kohtusse pettuse eest / Mari Rebane
Rebane, Mari
2006-01-01
Dokumentaalfilm "9/11 Fahrenheiti" ("Fahrenheit 9/11") : režissöör Michael Moore : USA 2004. Iraagi sõja invaliidistunud veteran andis režissööri kohtusse teda kujutavate flmikaadrite loata ja tenentsliku kasutamise pärast
Reading Michael Apple--The Sociological Imagination at Work
Ball, Stephen J.
2007-01-01
This article discusses Michael Apple's contribution to the sociology of education and education policy analysis and the politics of education. It focuses on ways of "reading" Apple as an intellectual and an activist and looks at the trajectory of his work over a long and illustrious career.
Eesti luksushotellide ristiisa / Michael Stenner ; interv. Malle Koido
Stenner, Michael
2007-01-01
Eesti tipphotelle 1997. aastast juhtinud sakslane, praegu hotellide Kolm Õde ja Telegraaf juht räägib Eesti ja Saksamaa erinevustest, Eesti hotelliärist, teeninduskultuurist ja personalist. Lisa: Kes on Michael Stenner ning kuidas ta Eestisse sattus? Ilmunud ka: Linnaleht : Pärnu, 23. veebr. 2007, lk. 5-6
Tweeting Prayers and Communicating Grief over Michael Jackson Online
Sanderson, Jimmy; Cheong, Pauline Hope
2010-01-01
Death and bereavement are human experiences that new media helps facilitate alongside creating new social grief practices that occur online. This study investigated how people's postings and tweets facilitated the communication of grief after pop music icon Michael Jackson died. Drawing on past grief research, religion, and new media studies, a…
Genres and Genre Theory: A Response to Michael Rosen
Christie, Frances
2013-01-01
This paper responds to Michael Rosen's blog entries, "How Genre Theory Saved the World", arguing that genre theory in the tradition of systemic functional linguistics (SFL) has made an important contribution to language and literacy pedagogy. It emerged in the Australian context in about 1980 and was initially developed in response to…
Michael Moore kaevati kohtusse pettuse eest / Mari Rebane
Rebane, Mari
2006-01-01
Dokumentaalfilm "9/11 Fahrenheiti" ("Fahrenheit 9/11") : režissöör Michael Moore : USA 2004. Iraagi sõja invaliidistunud veteran andis režissööri kohtusse teda kujutavate flmikaadrite loata ja tenentsliku kasutamise pärast
Solvent-free microwave-mediated Michael addition reactions
H Surya Prakash Rao; S Jothilingam
2005-07-01
Facile Michael addition of active methylene compounds to ,-unsaturated carbonyl compounds takes place on the surface of potassium carbonate under microwave irradiation. Further studies on microwave-mediated Robinson annulations reveal a convenient and facile method for condensation of chalcone with methylene compounds to furnish cyclohexenones.
SuchThatCast Episode 6: Michael Boylan
Soraker, Johnny
2012-01-01
Michael Boylan is the John J. McDonnell jr chair in Ethics, and professor and chair of the philosophy department at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia. In addition to being a poet and novelist, he has written more than 100 published articles and 25 books primarily in ethics, social and
The correspondence of Michael Faraday, v.4 1849-1855
James, F
2008-01-01
This volume includes 70% of previously unpublished letters of Michael Farday spanning half of the 1850s and most of 1860. Topics include Faraday's work on regelation, the transmission of light through gold and his appointment by Emperor Napoleon III to be a Commander of the Legion of Honour.
Correspondence of Michael Faraday, v.5 1855-1860
Faraday, Michael
2008-01-01
This volume includes 70% of previously unpublished letters of Michael Farday spanning half of the 1850s and most of 1860. Topics include Faraday's work on regelation, the transmission of light through gold and his appointment by Emperor Napoleon III to be a Commander of the Legion of Honour.
Aza-Michael Reaction for an Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Nigam, Manisha; Rush, Brittney; Patel, Jay; Castillo, Raul; Dhar, Preeti
2016-01-01
A green, aza-Michael reaction is described that can be used to teach undergraduate students conjugate addition of nitrogen nucleophile to an a,ß-unsaturated ester. Students analyze spectral data of the product obtained from the assigned reaction to determine product structure and propose the mechanism of its formation. The experiment requires…
Professor Porter ja tema viis konkurentsitegurit / Michael E Porter
Porter, Michael E
2008-01-01
Maailmas tuntud juhtimisguru Michael Porter viie konkurentsijõu teooriast ja selle rakendatavusest erinevates valdkondades. Lisad: Erinevused valdkondade kasumlikkuses; 5 määravat konkurentsijõudu; Investeeritud kapitali keskmine tasuvus; Mõnede USA tegevusvaldkondade kasumlikkus; Valdkonnaanalüüs praktikas; Valdkonna määratlemine; Valdkonnaanalüüsi sammud
Michael Young's "The Rise of the Meritocracy": A Philosophical Critique
Allen, Ansgar
2011-01-01
This paper examines Michael Young's 1958 dystopia, "The Rise of the Meritocracy". In this book, the word "meritocracy" was coined and used in a pejorative sense. Today, however, meritocracy represents a positive ideal against which we measure the justice of our institutions. This paper argues that, when read in the twenty-first century, Young's…
Aza-Michael Reaction for an Undergraduate Organic Chemistry Laboratory
Nigam, Manisha; Rush, Brittney; Patel, Jay; Castillo, Raul; Dhar, Preeti
2016-01-01
A green, aza-Michael reaction is described that can be used to teach undergraduate students conjugate addition of nitrogen nucleophile to an a,ß-unsaturated ester. Students analyze spectral data of the product obtained from the assigned reaction to determine product structure and propose the mechanism of its formation. The experiment requires…
Educational Implications of Michael Fishbane's "Sacred Attunement: A Jewish Theology"
Marom, Daniel
2008-01-01
This article posits Michael Fishbane's Judaic scholarship as a prime resource for Jewish education. The link between the two fields can be made through a translation of the theological underpinnings of Fishbane's insights into Judaism to educational purposes and practices. Initial work with Jewish educators on establishing this link encouraged…
An active and selective heterogeneous catalytic system for Michael addition
Hoda Keipour; Mohammad A. Khalilzadeh; Abolfazl Hosseini; Afsaneh Pilevar; Daryoush Zareyee
2012-01-01
Potassium fluoride doped natural zeolite was found to be an efficient and selective solid base catalyst for 1,4-Michael addition.The catalyst is easily prepared and the workup procedure simplified by simple filtration.All products were obtained in high yields as well as short reaction times.
Fooling LC: Michael Crichton and "Eaters of the Dead."
Lonergan, David
1998-01-01
Chronicles the variety of means with which the novelist Michael Crichton has attempted to give his works the appearance of nonfiction. Specific and successful techniques utilized in "Eaters of the Dead" are noted, and the resulting erroneous classifications by the Library of Congress and subsequent catalogers are discussed. (Author)
Berliinis võidutses Michael Haneke / Jüri Laulik
Laulik, Jüri, 1959-
2005-01-01
IX PÖFFil linastuv Michael Haneke film "Varjatud" ("Cache") võitis laupäeval mitu Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhinda, sealhulgas parima filmi, parima lavastaja ja parima meesnäitleja (Daniel Auteuil) auhinna. Parima naisnäitleja tiitli pälvis Julia Jentsch ("Sophie Scholli viimased päevad"). Elutööpreemia sai sir Sean Connery
"No More Excuses": Michael M. Crow on Analytics
Crow, Michael M.
2012-01-01
Michael M. Crow became the 16th president of Arizona State University in July 2002, with the goal of transforming ASU into what he calls a "New American University"--an institution combining the highest levels of academic excellence, inclusiveness to a broad demographic, and maximum societal impact. His view included increasing graduate…
A Good Time: A Conversation with C. Michael Nelson
Zabel, Robert; Kaff, Marilyn; Teagarden, Jim
2015-01-01
C. Michael Nelson began his special education career as a teacher of adolescents with learning and behavior disorders. He has worked as a child psychologist and as a professor with the Department of Special Education and Rehabilitation Counseling at the University of Kentucky. He coordinated the graduate Personnel Preparation Program for Teachers…
Michael hydratase alcohol dehydrogenase or just alcohol dehydrogenase?
Resch, V.A.; Jin, J.; Chen, B.S.; Hanefeld, U.
2014-01-01
The Michael hydratase – alcohol dehydrogenase (MhyADH) from Alicycliphilus denitrificans was previously identified as a bi-functional enzyme performing a hydration of α,β-unsaturated ketones and subsequent oxidation of the formed alcohols. The investigations of the bi-functionality were based on a s
SuchThatCast Episode 6: Michael Boylan
Søraker, J.H.
2012-01-01
Michael Boylan is the John J. McDonnell jr chair in Ethics, and professor and chair of the philosophy department at Marymount University in Arlington, Virginia. In addition to being a poet and novelist, he has written more than 100 published articles and 25 books primarily in ethics, social and poli
Insight into the Mechanism of the Michael Reaction.
Giraldo, Carolina; Gómez, Sara; Weinhold, Frank; Restrepo, Albeiro
2016-07-01
The mechanism for the nucleophilic addition step of the Michael reaction between methanethiol as a model Michael donor and several α-substituted methyl acrylates (X=F, Cl, Me, H, CN, NO2 ) as model Michael acceptors is described in detail. We suggest a novel way to condense electrophilic Fukui functions at specific atoms in terms of the contributions from the atomic orbitals to the LUMO or, more generally, to the orbital controlling the reaction. This procedure correctly associates activation energies to local electrophilic Fukui indices for the cases treated in this work. The calculated reaction barriers strongly depend on the nature of the substituent. As a general rule, activation energies are governed by structural changes, although electronic factors are significant for electron-withdrawing groups. Nucleophilic addition to Michael receptors is best described as a highly nonsynchronous process, in which the geometry of the transition state comprises a nonplanar six-membered ring. Formation of the S⋅⋅⋅C bond, which defines the interaction between the reactants, progresses ahead of all other primitive processes in the early stages of the transformation. In view of our results, we postulate that highly complex chemical reactions, as is the case for the nucleophilic addition step studied herein, that involve cleavage/formation of a total of six bonds, lower their activation energies by favoring nonsynchronicity, that is, for these types of systems, primitive changes should advance at different rates.
Professor Porter ja tema viis konkurentsitegurit / Michael E Porter
Porter, Michael E
2008-01-01
Maailmas tuntud juhtimisguru Michael Porter viie konkurentsijõu teooriast ja selle rakendatavusest erinevates valdkondades. Lisad: Erinevused valdkondade kasumlikkuses; 5 määravat konkurentsijõudu; Investeeritud kapitali keskmine tasuvus; Mõnede USA tegevusvaldkondade kasumlikkus; Valdkonnaanalüüs praktikas; Valdkonna määratlemine; Valdkonnaanalüüsi sammud
Tweeting Prayers and Communicating Grief over Michael Jackson Online
Sanderson, Jimmy; Cheong, Pauline Hope
2010-01-01
Death and bereavement are human experiences that new media helps facilitate alongside creating new social grief practices that occur online. This study investigated how people's postings and tweets facilitated the communication of grief after pop music icon Michael Jackson died. Drawing on past grief research, religion, and new media studies, a…
Immigration and Social Systems : Collected Essays of Michael Bommes
2012-01-01
Popular science Michael Bommes (hoogleraar Sociologie en Migratieonderzoek) was een van de meest briljante en originele geleerden in zijn vakgebied. Deze postume bundel bevat een selectie van zijn belangrijkste werk over immigratie en de verzorgingsstaat, de integratie van immigranten, discriminatie, illegale migratie, migrantennetwerken en migratiebeleidsonderzoek. Deze bundel laat zien hoe Bommes' inzichten en deskundigheid een fundamentele bijdrage hebben geleverd aan immigratiestudies....
Finite Discrete Gabor Analysis
Søndergaard, Peter Lempel
2007-01-01
on the real line to be well approximated by finite and discrete Gabor frames. This method of approximation is especially attractive because efficient numerical methods exists for doing computations with finite, discrete Gabor systems. This thesis presents new algorithms for the efficient computation of finite...
Discrete Mathematics Re "Tooled."
Grassl, Richard M.; Mingus, Tabitha T. Y.
1999-01-01
Indicates the importance of teaching discrete mathematics. Describes how the use of technology can enhance the teaching and learning of discrete mathematics. Explorations using Excel, Derive, and the TI-92 proved how preservice and inservice teachers experienced a new dimension in problem solving and discovery. (ASK)
Chang, Lay Nam; Minic, Djordje; Takeuchi, Tatsu
2012-01-01
We construct a discrete quantum mechanics using a vector space over the Galois field GF(q). We find that the correlations in our model do not violate the Clauser-Horne-Shimony-Holt (CHSH) version of Bell's inequality, despite the fact that the predictions of this discrete quantum mechanics cannot be reproduced with any hidden variable theory.
Lee, Taeyoung; McClamroch, N Harris
2007-01-01
Discrete control systems, as considered here, refer to the control theory of discrete-time Lagrangian or Hamiltonian systems. These discrete-time models are based on a discrete variational principle, and are part of the broader field of geometric integration. Geometric integrators are numerical integration methods that preserve geometric properties of continuous systems, such as conservation of the symplectic form, momentum, and energy. They also guarantee that the discrete flow remains on the manifold on which the continuous system evolves, an important property in the case of rigid-body dynamics. In nonlinear control, one typically relies on differential geometric and dynamical systems techniques to prove properties such as stability, controllability, and optimality. More generally, the geometric structure of such systems plays a critical role in the nonlinear analysis of the corresponding control problems. Despite the critical role of geometry and mechanics in the analysis of nonlinear control systems, non...
Morris, J; Johnson, S
2007-12-03
The Distinct Element Method (also frequently referred to as the Discrete Element Method) (DEM) is a Lagrangian numerical technique where the computational domain consists of discrete solid elements which interact via compliant contacts. This can be contrasted with Finite Element Methods where the computational domain is assumed to represent a continuum (although many modern implementations of the FEM can accommodate some Distinct Element capabilities). Often the terms Discrete Element Method and Distinct Element Method are used interchangeably in the literature, although Cundall and Hart (1992) suggested that Discrete Element Methods should be a more inclusive term covering Distinct Element Methods, Displacement Discontinuity Analysis and Modal Methods. In this work, DEM specifically refers to the Distinct Element Method, where the discrete elements interact via compliant contacts, in contrast with Displacement Discontinuity Analysis where the contacts are rigid and all compliance is taken up by the adjacent intact material.
Okuyama, Yoshifumi
2014-01-01
Discrete Control Systems establishes a basis for the analysis and design of discretized/quantized control systemsfor continuous physical systems. Beginning with the necessary mathematical foundations and system-model descriptions, the text moves on to derive a robust stability condition. To keep a practical perspective on the uncertain physical systems considered, most of the methods treated are carried out in the frequency domain. As part of the design procedure, modified Nyquist–Hall and Nichols diagrams are presented and discretized proportional–integral–derivative control schemes are reconsidered. Schemes for model-reference feedback and discrete-type observers are proposed. Although single-loop feedback systems form the core of the text, some consideration is given to multiple loops and nonlinearities. The robust control performance and stability of interval systems (with multiple uncertainties) are outlined. Finally, the monograph describes the relationship between feedback-control and discrete ev...
Burgin, Mark
2010-01-01
Continuous models used in physics and other areas of mathematics applications become discrete when they are computerized, e.g., utilized for computations. Besides, computers are controlling processes in discrete spaces, such as films and television programs. At the same time, continuous models that are in the background of discrete representations use mathematical technology developed for continuous media. The most important example of such a technology is calculus, which is so useful in physics and other sciences. The main goal of this paper is to synthesize continuous features and powerful technology of the classical calculus with the discrete approach of numerical mathematics and computational physics. To do this, we further develop the theory of fuzzy continuous functions and apply this theory to functions defined on discrete sets. The main interest is the classical Intermediate Value theorem. Although the result of this theorem is completely based on continuity, utilization of a relaxed version of contin...
Should military dining facilities offer and promote consumption of probiotic-containing foods?
Smith, Tracey J; Margolis, Lee M; Young, Andrew J
2010-10-01
Probiotics are defined as "live organisms which, when administered in adequate amounts confer a benefit on the host." The purpose of this review was to determine whether there is evidence-based justification to recommend purchase and promotion of probiotic-containing food in military dining facilities (DFACs). Peer-reviewed literature was searched to identify well-conducted systematic reviews and original research related to the efficacy of probiotics in preventing and/or treating acute infectious diarrhea, irritable bowel syndrome, respiratory tract infections, allergic rhinitis, dental health issues, and female urogenital conditions. Probiotics may be useful for preventing and/or treating military-relevant health conditions. However, the available scientific evidence is not sufficient to warrant widespread procurement and promotion of probiotic-containing food items in military DFACs. Health care practitioners considering recommending probiotics should understand that health effects and clinical outcomes discussed herein are specific to the probiotic strain, dose, and method of delivery studied in the articles cited.
Ghorai, Manas K; Halder, Sandipan; Das, Subhomoy
2015-10-02
A simple strategy for the synthesis of highly functionalized cyclohexanone derivatives containing an all-carbon quaternary center from α-(aryl/alkyl)methylidene-β-keto esters or β-diketones via a K-enolate mediated domino Michael-Michael reaction sequence with moderate to good yield and excellent diastereoselectivity (de > 99%) is described. Interestingly, Li-base mediated reaction of α-arylmethylidene-β-diketones affords functionalized 3,5-dihydroxy cyclohexane derivatives as the kinetically controlled products via a domino aldol-aldol reaction sequence with excellent diastereoselectivity. Li-enolates of the β-keto esters or β-diketones undergo facile domino Michael-Michael reaction with nitro-olefins to afford the corresponding nitrocyclohexane derivatives in good yields and excellent diastereoselectivity (de > 99%). The formation of the products and the observed stereoselectivity were explained by plausible mechanisms and supported by extensive computational study. An asymmetric version of the protocol was explored with (L)-menthol derived nonracemic substrates, and the corresponding nonracemic cyclohexanone derivatives containing an all-carbon quaternary center were obtained with excellent stereoselectivity (de, ee > 99%).
Michael Pärt ئ suure muusika taustajõud / Michael Pärt ; interv. Siim Nestor
Pärt, Michael
2008-01-01
Arvo Pärdi pojast Michael Pärdist. Tema tööst "music editor"-ina - helimonteerijana, tööst muusika produktsiooni, salvestamise ja muusika kirjutamise abijõuna. Koostööst maailmas tuntud muusikutega
Michael Pärt ئ suure muusika taustajõud / Michael Pärt ; interv. Siim Nestor
Pärt, Michael
2008-01-01
Arvo Pärdi pojast Michael Pärdist. Tema tööst "music editor"-ina - helimonteerijana, tööst muusika produktsiooni, salvestamise ja muusika kirjutamise abijõuna. Koostööst maailmas tuntud muusikutega
Aza-Michael Addition of Isatin and Phthalimide to Symmetrical Fumaric Esters in Ionic Liquid Media
IMANZADEH Gholam Hassan; MOLLAEI TAVANA Mahdieh; ZAMANLOO Mohammad Reza; MANSOORI Yagoub
2009-01-01
Highly efficient aza-Michael additions of isatin and phthalimide to symmetrical fumaric esters in ionic liquid media to produce the corresponding Michael adducts in excellent yields are described which were performed at 100 ℃ for 1-5 h. The results show that these aza-Michael additions are not effective with fumaric esters containing sterically hindered alkoxy groups.
Torus Bifurcation Under Discretization
邹永魁; 黄明游
2002-01-01
Parameterized dynamical systems with a simple zero eigenvalue and a couple of purely imaginary eigenvalues are considered. It is proved that this type of eigen-structure leads to torns bifurcation under certain nondegenerate conditions. We show that the discrete systems, obtained by discretizing the ODEs using symmetric, eigen-structure preserving schemes, inherit the similar torus bifurcation properties. Fredholm theory in Banach spaces is applied to obtain the global torns bifurcation. Our results complement those on the study of discretization effects of global bifurcation.
Aydin, Alhun; Sisman, Altug
2016-03-01
By considering the quantum-mechanically minimum allowable energy interval, we exactly count number of states (NOS) and introduce discrete density of states (DOS) concept for a particle in a box for various dimensions. Expressions for bounded and unbounded continua are analytically recovered from discrete ones. Even though substantial fluctuations prevail in discrete DOS, they're almost completely flattened out after summation or integration operation. It's seen that relative errors of analytical expressions of bounded/unbounded continua rapidly decrease for high NOS values (weak confinement or high energy conditions), while the proposed analytical expressions based on Weyl's conjecture always preserve their lower error characteristic.
Tribute to Professor Anthony J. McMichael
Ashwin Swaminathan
2014-11-01
Full Text Available Emeritus Professor A. J. “Tony” McMichael (1942–2014 was an internationally renowned and pioneering Australian academic and advocate in epidemiology, who was passionate about understanding the influences of the environment on human health. In an illustrious career spanning more than four decades, he made significant contributions to the scientific community and policy discourse—including ground-breaking research related to the health of children. McMichael was a prolific academic writer with over 300 peer-reviewed papers; 160 book chapters and two sole-authored books. However, his outstanding talent was for integrating complex and seemingly unrelated strands from the environmental and health sciences into a cohesive narrative—and highlighting its relevance to lay persons, scientists and governments alike. He was instrumental in validating this nascent field of research and inspiring many others to follow his lead.
Double Michael Addition Reaction of Bischalcone under Ultrasound
LI,Ji-Tai; XU,Wen-Zhi; CHEN,Guo-Feng; LI,Tong-Shuang
2004-01-01
@@ The Michael addition of 1,5-diaryl-1,4-pentadien-3-ones with active methylene compounds has been the subjects of many investigations. Ultrasound has increasingly been used in organic synthesis in the last three decades. Compared with traditional methods, this method is more convenient and easily controlled. A large number of organic reactions can be carried out in higher yield, shorter reaction time or milder conditions under ultrasonic irradiation. KF/Al2O3 as a useful solid supported catalyst has received considerable attention because of their high level of chemoselectivity and environmental compatibility as well as simplicity of operation and their ready availability at low cost. Herein we report the double Michael addition of dibenzalacetone with active methlene compounds such as dimethyl malonate, diethyl malonate,methyl cyanoacetate and ethyl cyanoacetate catalyzed by KF/Al2O3 under ultrasound irradiation.
Tribute to Professor Anthony J. McMichael.
Swaminathan, Ashwin; Lucas, Robyn M; Harley, David
2014-11-26
Emeritus Professor A. J. "Tony" McMichael (1942-2014) was an internationally renowned and pioneering Australian academic and advocate in epidemiology, who was passionate about understanding the influences of the environment on human health. In an illustrious career spanning more than four decades, he made significant contributions to the scientific community and policy discourse-including ground-breaking research related to the health of children. McMichael was a prolific academic writer with over 300 peer-reviewed papers; 160 book chapters and two sole-authored books. However, his outstanding talent was for integrating complex and seemingly unrelated strands from the environmental and health sciences into a cohesive narrative-and highlighting its relevance to lay persons, scientists and governments alike. He was instrumental in validating this nascent field of research and inspiring many others to follow his lead.
Pengaruh Tipografi pada Era Massimo Vignelli terhadap Tipografi Michael Bierut
Irwan Harnoko
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Massimo Vignelli is a senior graphic designer lived in New York, as a vocal modernism against postmodernism. His statement firmly opposing post-modernism in several occasions: interview in Helvetica the movie, type radio, talk show, and some articles in Looking Closer or AIGA Journal. Graphic design works of Massimo Vignelli reflected his characteristic, which is firmly choosing typeface. Typefaces of Vignelly are around 5 typefaces: Bodoni, Helvetica, Times Roman, Century, and Futura. The article uses formal analysis method. The writers collected materials about Michael Bierut, Massimo VIgnelli and Tibor Kalman from books and websites. The writers compare the typeface opinion of Massimo Vignelli (modernism designer, Michael Bierut designer (transition era designer from modernism to post-modernism, and Tibor Kalman (a designer in A Century of Graphic Design, as the influence of Bieruts betrayal over Vignelli.
Pengaruh Tipografi pada Era Massimo Vignelli terhadap Tipografi Michael Bierut
Irwan Harnoko
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Massimo Vignelli is a senior graphic designer lived in New York, as a vocal modernism against post-modernism. His statement firmly opposing post-modernism in several occasions: interview in Helvetica the movie, typeradio, talkshow, and some articles in Looking Closer or AIGA Journal. Graphic design works of Massimo Vignelli reflected his characteristic, which is firmly choosing typeface. Typefaces of Vignelly are around 5 typefaces: Bodoni, Helvetica, Times Roman, Century, and Futura. The article uses formal analysis method. The writers collected materials about Michael Bierut, Massimo VIgnelli and Tibor Kalman from books and websites. The writers compare the typeface opinion of Massimo Vignelli (modernism designer, Michael Bierut designer (transition era designer from modernism to post-modernism, and Tibor Kalman (a designer in A Century of Graphic Design, as the influencer of Bierut’s betrayal over Vignelli.
Pearls of Discrete Mathematics
Erickson, Martin
2009-01-01
Presents methods for solving counting problems and other types of problems that involve discrete structures. This work illustrates the relationship of these structures to algebra, geometry, number theory and combinatorics. It addresses topics such as information and game theories
Goodrich, Christopher
2015-01-01
This text provides the first comprehensive treatment of the discrete fractional calculus. Experienced researchers will find the text useful as a reference for discrete fractional calculus and topics of current interest. Students who are interested in learning about discrete fractional calculus will find this text to provide a useful starting point. Several exercises are offered at the end of each chapter and select answers have been provided at the end of the book. The presentation of the content is designed to give ample flexibility for potential use in a myriad of courses and for independent study. The novel approach taken by the authors includes a simultaneous treatment of the fractional- and integer-order difference calculus (on a variety of time scales, including both the usual forward and backwards difference operators). The reader will acquire a solid foundation in the classical topics of the discrete calculus while being introduced to exciting recent developments, bringing them to the frontiers of the...
The Discrete Wavelet Transform
1991-06-01
focuses on bringing together two separately motivated implementations of the wavelet transform , the algorithm a trous and Mallat’s multiresolution...decomposition. These algorithms are special cases of a single filter bank structure, the discrete wavelet transform , the behavior of which is governed by...nonorthogonal multiresolution algorithm for which the discrete wavelet transform is exact. Moreover, we show that the commonly used Lagrange a trous
Discrete computational structures
Korfhage, Robert R
1974-01-01
Discrete Computational Structures describes discrete mathematical concepts that are important to computing, covering necessary mathematical fundamentals, computer representation of sets, graph theory, storage minimization, and bandwidth. The book also explains conceptual framework (Gorn trees, searching, subroutines) and directed graphs (flowcharts, critical paths, information network). The text discusses algebra particularly as it applies to concentrates on semigroups, groups, lattices, propositional calculus, including a new tabular method of Boolean function minimization. The text emphasize
Euroopa parimaks filmiks sai Michael Haneke "Valge lint" / Andres Laasik
Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016
2009-01-01
Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhindadest: parima filmiauhinna sai Saksamaal Bochumis toimunud tseremoonial Michael Haneke "Valge lint", mille eest Haneke sai ka parima režissööri ja stsenaristi auhinna. Parimaks meesnäitlejaks pärjati Tahar Rahim ("Un Prophete"), parimaks naisnäitlejaks Kate Winslet ("The Reader"), publikupreemia sai Danny Boyle'i "Rentslimiljonär. Ka teistest võitjatest
The cinema of Michael Bay : an aesthetic of excess
Bennett, Bruce
2015-01-01
The hyper-kinetic action films of Michael Bay have come to exemplify the commercial, technical and aesthetic transformations of contemporary blockbuster cinema during a period in which the dynamic, disorienting effects of media convergence are reconfiguring viewing practices and remodelling cinematic institutions. However, despite their commercial success and cultural visibility, these films remain more or less absent from academic criticism of late twentieth and early twenty-first century gl...
Analysis of the black crust on Saint Michael's Church
Popister, I.; Zeman, A.
2012-04-01
The goal of the present study is to characterize the black crust on the main stone used at Saint Michael's Church in Cluj-Napoca, Romania. The gases in the atmosphere, along with natural and artificial pollutants can cause damage the integrity of the stone when it comes in contact with the stone's chemistry. In order to explain the mechanism of stone decay due to black crust it is necessary to know what "weathering" means, so it must be seen as a complex process that consists of: type of material, the environment in which the material is located, and the amount of time required for the process to take place. Each material has particular properties, due to its composition and genesis. When it comes in contact with the acidity of the "acid rain" (caused by sulphur, nitrogen oxides and carbon dioxide), the rain penetrates into the pore structure, corroding it and "allowing" the atmospheric particles to penetrate the stone. St. Michael's Church is one of the oldest Gothic architectural monuments in Cluj, Romania, being built predominantly from Cenozoic (Upper Eocene) limestone, locally known as the Cluj Limestone. The main quarry was in Baciu, near Cluj. The samples that were collected from the Saint Michael's Church were characterized by means of: optical microscope, Scattering Electronic Microscope, thin sections, EDS The samples that were collected from the Saint Michael's Church went through a series of tests: optical microscope, Scattering Electronic Microscope, thin sections, EDX, and cross-section. The optical microscope analysis of the thin sections revealed that the black crust layer is approximately 0.01mm, and in the sample there are perfectly shaped ooides, which is characteristic to this type of limestone. The SEM analysis shows a resedimentation layer on the surface of the black crust, which occurred probably due to the effect of acid rain. Further information regarding the results of the test will be presented on the poster.
Euroopa parimaks filmiks sai Michael Haneke "Valge lint" / Andres Laasik
Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016
2009-01-01
Euroopa Filmiakadeemia auhindadest: parima filmiauhinna sai Saksamaal Bochumis toimunud tseremoonial Michael Haneke "Valge lint", mille eest Haneke sai ka parima režissööri ja stsenaristi auhinna. Parimaks meesnäitlejaks pärjati Tahar Rahim ("Un Prophete"), parimaks naisnäitlejaks Kate Winslet ("The Reader"), publikupreemia sai Danny Boyle'i "Rentslimiljonär. Ka teistest võitjatest
Prateek Sharma
2015-04-01
Full Text Available Abstract Simulation can be regarded as the emulation of the behavior of a real-world system over an interval of time. The process of simulation relies upon the generation of the history of a system and then analyzing that history to predict the outcome and improve the working of real systems. Simulations can be of various kinds but the topic of interest here is one of the most important kind of simulation which is Discrete-Event Simulation which models the system as a discrete sequence of events in time. So this paper aims at introducing about Discrete-Event Simulation and analyzing how it is beneficial to the real world systems.
Kondakci, H Esat; Saleh, Bahaa E A
2016-01-01
When a disordered array of coupled waveguides is illuminated with an extended coherent optical field, discrete speckle develops: partially coherent light with a granular intensity distribution on the lattice sites. The same paradigm applies to a variety of other settings in photonics, such as imperfectly coupled resonators or fibers with randomly coupled cores. Through numerical simulations and analytical modeling, we uncover a set of surprising features that characterize discrete speckle in one- and two-dimensional lattices known to exhibit transverse Anderson localization. Firstly, the fingerprint of localization is embedded in the fluctuations of the discrete speckle and is revealed in the narrowing of the spatial coherence function. Secondly, the transverse coherence length (or speckle grain size) is frozen during propagation. Thirdly, the axial coherence depth is independent of the axial position, thereby resulting in a coherence voxel of fixed volume independently of position. We take these unique featu...
Discrete systems and integrability
Hietarinta, J; Nijhoff, F W
2016-01-01
This first introductory text to discrete integrable systems introduces key notions of integrability from the vantage point of discrete systems, also making connections with the continuous theory where relevant. While treating the material at an elementary level, the book also highlights many recent developments. Topics include: Darboux and Bäcklund transformations; difference equations and special functions; multidimensional consistency of integrable lattice equations; associated linear problems (Lax pairs); connections with Padé approximants and convergence algorithms; singularities and geometry; Hirota's bilinear formalism for lattices; intriguing properties of discrete Painlevé equations; and the novel theory of Lagrangian multiforms. The book builds the material in an organic way, emphasizing interconnections between the various approaches, while the exposition is mostly done through explicit computations on key examples. Written by respected experts in the field, the numerous exercises and the thoroug...
Discrete Classical Electromagnetic Fields
De Souza, M M
1997-01-01
The classical electromagnetic field of a spinless point electron is described in a formalism with extended causality by discrete finite transverse point-vector fields with discrete and localized point interactions. These fields are taken as a classical representation of photons, ``classical photons". They are all transversal photons; there are no scalar nor longitudinal photons as these are definitely eliminated by the gauge condition. The angular distribution of emitted photons coincides with the directions of maximum emission in the standard formalism. The Maxwell formalism and its standard field are retrieved by the replacement of these discrete fields by their space-time averages, and in this process scalar and longitudinal photons are necessarily created and added. Divergences and singularities are by-products of this averaging process. This formalism enlighten the meaning and the origin of the non-physical photons, the ones that violate the Lorentz condition in manifestly covariant quantization methods.
Introductory discrete mathematics
Balakrishnan, V K
2010-01-01
This concise text offers an introduction to discrete mathematics for undergraduate students in computer science and mathematics. Mathematics educators consider it vital that their students be exposed to a course in discrete methods that introduces them to combinatorial mathematics and to algebraic and logical structures focusing on the interplay between computer science and mathematics. The present volume emphasizes combinatorics, graph theory with applications to some stand network optimization problems, and algorithms to solve these problems.Chapters 0-3 cover fundamental operations involv
Discrete breathers in crystals
Dmitriev, S. V.; Korznikova, E. A.; Baimova, Yu A.; Velarde, M. G.
2016-05-01
It is well known that periodic discrete defect-containing systems, in addition to traveling waves, support vibrational defect-localized modes. It turned out that if a periodic discrete system is nonlinear, it can support spatially localized vibrational modes as exact solutions even in the absence of defects. Since the nodes of the system are all on equal footing, it is only through the special choice of initial conditions that a group of nodes can be found on which such a mode, called a discrete breather (DB), will be excited. The DB frequency must be outside the frequency range of the small-amplitude traveling waves. Not resonating with and expending no energy on the excitation of traveling waves, a DB can theoretically conserve its vibrational energy forever provided no thermal vibrations or other perturbations are present. Crystals are nonlinear discrete systems, and the discovery in them of DBs was only a matter of time. It is well known that periodic discrete defect-containing systems support both traveling waves and vibrational defect-localized modes. It turns out that if a periodic discrete system is nonlinear, it can support spatially localized vibrational modes as exact solutions even in the absence of defects. Because the nodes of the system are all on equal footing, only a special choice of the initial conditions allows selecting a group of nodes on which such a mode, called a discrete breather (DB), can be excited. The DB frequency must be outside the frequency range of small-amplitude traveling waves. Not resonating with and expending no energy on the excitation of traveling waves, a DB can theoretically preserve its vibrational energy forever if no thermal vibrations or other perturbations are present. Crystals are nonlinear discrete systems, and the discovery of DBs in them was only a matter of time. Experimental studies of DBs encounter major technical difficulties, leaving atomistic computer simulations as the primary investigation tool. Despite
Discrete and computational geometry
Devadoss, Satyan L
2011-01-01
Discrete geometry is a relatively new development in pure mathematics, while computational geometry is an emerging area in applications-driven computer science. Their intermingling has yielded exciting advances in recent years, yet what has been lacking until now is an undergraduate textbook that bridges the gap between the two. Discrete and Computational Geometry offers a comprehensive yet accessible introduction to this cutting-edge frontier of mathematics and computer science. This book covers traditional topics such as convex hulls, triangulations, and Voronoi diagrams, as well a
Arzano, Michele; Kowalski-Glikman, Jerzy
2016-09-01
We construct discrete symmetry transformations for deformed relativistic kinematics based on group valued momenta. We focus on the specific example of κ-deformations of the Poincaré algebra with associated momenta living on (a sub-manifold of) de Sitter space. Our approach relies on the description of quantum states constructed from deformed kinematics and the observable charges associated with them. The results we present provide the first step towards the analysis of experimental bounds on the deformation parameter κ to be derived via precision measurements of discrete symmetries and CPT.
Michael Marinov memorial volume multiple facets of quantization and supersymmetry
Vainshtein, A I
2002-01-01
This book is dedicated to the memory of Michael Marinov, the theorist who, together with Felix Berezin, introduced the classical description of spin by anticommuting Grassmann variables. It contains original papers and reviews by physicists and mathematicians written specifically for the book. These articles reflect the current status and recent developments in the areas of Marinov's research: quantum tunneling, quantization of constrained systems, supersymmetry, and others. The personal recollections included portray the human face of M Marinov, a person of great knowledge and integrity.
Michael Kohlhaas or the Germans and Their Law
Heike Jung
2014-12-01
Full Text Available Asked to pick a single representative ‘German’ piece for a discourse on ‘Law and Literature’ one almost inevitably ends up with Kleist’s tale Michael Kohlhaas. It seems to be the literary incarnation of the German stance vis-à-vis the law. It is all about horses; it could just as well be about dogs. Kohlhaas fights a devastating battle, using legal means and outright violence, even warfare, for their recovery in good shape. Victorious eventually with his legal actions, he is happy to trade in his own life for this victory, thus giving an extreme example for the nice line between being in the right and pursuing this position with disproportionate rigour. Of course, the interpretations of Michael Kohlhaas (which, in its complete version, dates of 1810 have varied from epoch to epoch as well as from reader to reader. It is not possible to rehearse the bulk of ‘Kohlhaas literature’. In comparing legal cultures, it might be of interest to look into the question why such a somber story on the law forms part and will continue to form part of the German cultural heritage. Si se tiene que elegir un único representante “alemán” para una ponencia sobre “derecho y literatura”, es inevitable optar por la obra de Kleist, Michael Kohlhaas. Parece la encarnación literaria de la posición alemana hacia el derecho. El libro trata de caballos; también podría tratar sobre perros. Kohlhaas libra una batalla devastadora usando medios legales y la violencia pura y dura, incluso la guerra, para que se recuperen en buena forma. Finalmente resulta ganador mediante acciones legales, está contento de dedicar su propia vida para conseguir esta victoria, dando así un ejemplo extremo de la línea que existe entre tener la razón y seguir esta posición con un rigor desproporcionado. Por supuesto, las interpretaciones de Michael Kohlhaas (publicado en 1810 han variado de una época a otra, y de un lector a otro. No es posible revisar el grueso de
Hechter Michael, Horne Christine (Dir., Theories of Social Order
Yves Laberge
2011-09-01
Full Text Available Cette anthologie méconnue examine le concept fondamental de l’ordre social en 34 textes tantôt anciens (de Tocqueville, Marx, Engels, Simmel ou relativement récents (le chapitre 19 comparant les groupes humains aux fourmis date de 2007. Ici, l’ordre social est compris de diverses manières ; Michael Hechter et Christine Horne rappellent d’emblée que « sans ordre social, il ne peut y avoir ni agriculture, ni industrie, ni commerce, ni investissement, ni développement économique, ni justice, n...
Estratégia competitiva: Michael Porter 30 anos depois
Manuel Portugal Ferreira; Fernando A. Ribeiro Serra; Marcelo Lopes Carneiro; Aline Botelho Schneider
2009-01-01
Os estudos de estratégia têm sido muito influenciados pelos trabalhos de Michael Porter, em todas as suas fases, como as cinco forças, as estratégias genéricas, a cadeia de valor e as vantagens competitivas das nações. Neste artigo, analisou-se a influência de Porter nos trabalhos brasileiros em estratégia, a partir dos trabalhos selecionados e apresentados no EnANPAD. No levantamento para a análise dos artigos, considerando 10 anos de EnANPAD (1997-2006), foram selecionados 46 artigos. A ide...
The Correspondence of Michael Faraday Pt 6 1860-1867
Frank, James
2012-01-01
Michael Faraday (1791-1867) was one of the most important men of science in nineteenth century Britain. His discoveries of electro-magnetic rotations (1821) and electro-magnetic induction (1831) laid the foundations of the modern electrical industry. His discovery of the magneto-optical effect and diamagnetism (1845) led him to formulate the field theory of electro-magnetism, which forms one of the cornerstones of modern physics.These and a whole host of other fundamental discoveries in physics and chemistry, together with his lecturing at the Royal Institution, his work for the state (includi
Dorlas, T. C.; Thomas, E. G. F.
2008-01-01
We construct a genuine Radon measure with values in B(l(2)(Z(d))) on the set of paths in Z(d) representing Feynman's integral for the discrete Laplacian on l(2)(Z(d)), and we prove the Feynman integral formula for the solutions of the Schrodinger equation with Hamiltonian H=-1/2 Delta+ V, where Delt
Bergstra, J.A.; Baeten, J.C.M.
1996-01-01
The axiom system ACP of [BeK84a] was extended with real time features in [BaB91]. Here we proceed to define a discrete time extension of ACP, along the lines of ATP [NiS94]. We present versions based on relative timing and on absolute timing. Both approaches are integrated using parametric timing. T
de Wild Propitius, M.D.F.; Bais, F.A.
1999-01-01
In these lectures, we present a self-contained treatment of planar gauge theories broken down to some finite residual gauge group $H$ via the Higgs mechanism. The main focus is on the discrete $H$ gauge theory describing the long distance physics of such a model. The spectrum features global $H$ cha
加强餐饮食品安全卫生监督工作的思考%Opinions on Enhancing the Dining Food Safety Health Supervision Work
高超
2016-01-01
In the dining food safety health supervision work, we should face the issues existing in the dining service food safety, take the opportunities of highly attention of party committees and governments at all levels , higher and higher ex-pectations of people and heavy-burden and long-way dining security, growing awareness of safety development, legal opera-tion, integrity management and strict management according to law, actively implement the supervision responsibility, estab-lish the supervision system, carry out the special examination, do a good job in activity security and promote various jobs in the dining service food safety health supervision.%在餐饮食品安全卫生监督工作中，要正视餐饮服务食品安全存在的问题，我们要把握各级党委政府重视空前、人民群众期望越来越高、餐饮安全保障任重道远的机遇，不断增强安全发展、依法经营、诚信经营和依法严管的意识，积极落实监管责任，建立监管制度，开展专项检查，搞好活动保障，推进餐饮服务食品安全卫生监督各项工作。
Peterson, Sharon; Duncan, Diana Poovey; Null, Dawn Bloyd; Roth, Sara Long; Gill, Lynn
2010-01-01
Objective: Determine the effects of a short-term, multi-faceted, point-of-selection intervention on college students' perceptions and selection of 10 targeted healthful foods in a university dining hall and changes in their self-reported overall eating behaviors. Participants: 104 college students, (age 18-23) completed pre-I and post-I surveys.…
Peterson, Sharon; Duncan, Diana Poovey; Null, Dawn Bloyd; Roth, Sara Long; Gill, Lynn
2010-01-01
Objective: Determine the effects of a short-term, multi-faceted, point-of-selection intervention on college students' perceptions and selection of 10 targeted healthful foods in a university dining hall and changes in their self-reported overall eating behaviors. Participants: 104 college students, (age 18-23) completed pre-I and post-I surveys.…
Glutathione Adduct Patterns of Michael-Acceptor Carbonyls.
Slawik, Christian; Rickmeyer, Christiane; Brehm, Martin; Böhme, Alexander; Schüürmann, Gerrit
2017-02-22
Glutathione (GSH) has so far been considered to facilitate detoxification of soft organic electrophiles through covalent binding at its cysteine (Cys) thiol group, followed by stepwise catalyzed degradation and eventual elimination along the mercapturic acid pathway. Here we show that in contrast to expectation from HSAB theory, Michael-acceptor ketones, aldehydes and esters may form also single, double and triple adducts with GSH involving β-carbon attack at the much harder N-terminus of the γ-glutamyl (Glu) unit of GSH. In particular, formation of the GSH-N single adduct contradicts the traditional view that S alkylation always forms the initial reaction of GSH with Michael-acceptor carbonyls. To this end, chemoassay analyses of the adduct formation of GSH with nine α,β-unsaturated carbonyls employing high performance liquid chromatography and tandem mass spectrometry have been performed. Besides enriching the GSH adductome and potential biomarker applications, electrophilic N-terminus functio-nalization is likely to impair GSH homeostasis substantially through blocking the γ-glutamyl transferase catalysis of the first breakdown step of modified GSH, and thus its timely reconstitution. The discussion includes a comparison with cyclic adducts of GSH and furan metabolites as reported in literature, and quantum chemically calculated thermodynamics of hard-hard, hard-soft and soft-soft adducts.
En recuerdo de Michael Heyd (1943-2014
Peset, José Luis
2016-12-01
Full Text Available In homage to Professor Michael Heyd, in this paper are presented some of the main influences of his book “Be sober and reasonable” (1995 on several studies about Robert Burton and his classical book The Anatomy of Melancholy. Mainly, the relations between medicine and religious thought are briefly followed, looking for confluences between North and South Europe. The influence of “enthusiasm” and “melancholy” in the history of European thought was always an important interest in the life and teaching of this very intelligent researcher of cultural history.En homenaje al Profesor Michael Heyd, se muestran en este artículo algunas de las influencias principales de su libro “Be sober and reasonable” (1995 en algunos estudios sobre el clásico libro de Robert Burton The Anatomy of Melancholy. En especial, se siguen brevemente las relaciones entre la medicina y el pensamiento religioso, buscando confluencias entre el norte y el sur de Europa. La influencia de “entusiasmo” y “melancolía” en la historia del pensamiento europeo fue siempre un importante interés en la vida y la enseñanza de este muy inteligente investigador en historia cultural.
Asymmetric Michael Addition of Activated Alkenes to Nitro Alkenes Catalyzed by Organic Catalyst
XUE Dong; CHEN Yong-Chun; CUI Xin; WANG Qi-Wei; ZHU Jin; DENG Jin-Gen
2003-01-01
@@ Enantioselective Michael addition is one of the most powerfulbond-forming reaction in organic synthesis. [1] A mong the Michael acceptors, nitro alkenes are very attractive, because the nitro group is the most electron-withdrawing group known and it can serve as masked functionality to be further transformed after the addition has taken place. [2] Recently, asymmetric Michael reactions catalyzed by organic catalyst have draw much attention.[3
Gogoi, Sanjib; Zhao, Cong-Gui; Ding, Derong
2009-01-01
β-(3-Hydroxypyrazol-1-yl)ketones have been prepared in high yields and excellent enantioselectivities (94–98% ee) via a Michael addition reaction between 2-pyrazolin-5-ones and aliphatic acyclic α,β-unsaturated ketones using 9-epi-9-amino-9-deoxyquinine as the catalyst. These results account for the first example of an aza-Michael addition of the ambident 2-pyrazolin-5-one anion to a Michael acceptor. PMID:19415906
BUS 320 Assignment 2: Case Study: Michael Dell—The Man Behind Dell
Laynebaril
2017-01-01
BUS 320 Assignment 2: Case Study: Michael Dell—The Man Behind Dell Click Link Below To Buy: http://hwcampus.com/shop/bus-320-assignment-2-case-study-michael-dell-the-man-behind-dell/ Or Visit www.hwcampus.com Assignment 2: Case Study: Michael Dell—The Man Behind Dell Presentation (Change Management) Michael Dell began building and selling computers from his dorm room at age 19. He dropped out of the University of Texas when his sales hit $60 million and has nev...
Discrete mathematics with applications
Koshy, Thomas
2003-01-01
This approachable text studies discrete objects and the relationsips that bind them. It helps students understand and apply the power of discrete math to digital computer systems and other modern applications. It provides excellent preparation for courses in linear algebra, number theory, and modern/abstract algebra and for computer science courses in data structures, algorithms, programming languages, compilers, databases, and computation.* Covers all recommended topics in a self-contained, comprehensive, and understandable format for students and new professionals * Emphasizes problem-solving techniques, pattern recognition, conjecturing, induction, applications of varying nature, proof techniques, algorithm development and correctness, and numeric computations* Weaves numerous applications into the text* Helps students learn by doing with a wealth of examples and exercises: - 560 examples worked out in detail - More than 3,700 exercises - More than 150 computer assignments - More than 600 writing projects*...
Brunner, Ilka; Plencner, Daniel
2014-01-01
Orbifolding two-dimensional quantum field theories by a symmetry group can involve a choice of discrete torsion. We apply the general formalism of `orbifolding defects' to study and elucidate discrete torsion for topological field theories. In the case of Landau-Ginzburg models only the bulk sector had been studied previously, and we re-derive all known results. We also introduce the notion of `projective matrix factorisations', show how they naturally describe boundary and defect sectors, and we further illustrate the efficiency of the defect-based approach by explicitly computing RR charges. Roughly half of our results are not restricted to Landau-Ginzburg models but hold more generally, for any topological field theory. In particular we prove that for a pivotal bicategory, any two objects of its orbifold completion that have the same base are orbifold equivalent. Equivalently, from any orbifold theory (including those based on nonabelian groups) the original unorbifolded theory can be be obtained by orbifo...
Discrete Variational Optimal Control
Jimenez, Fernando; de Diego, David Martin
2012-01-01
This paper develops numerical methods for optimal control of mechanical systems in the Lagrangian setting. It extends the theory of discrete mechanics to enable the solutions of optimal control problems through the discretization of variational principles. The key point is to solve the optimal control problem as a variational integrator of a specially constructed higher-dimensional system. The developed framework applies to systems on tangent bundles, Lie groups, underactuated and nonholonomic systems with symmetries, and can approximate either smooth or discontinuous control inputs. The resulting methods inherit the preservation properties of variational integrators and result in numerically robust and easily implementable algorithms. Several theoretical and a practical examples, e.g. the control of an underwater vehicle, will illustrate the application of the proposed approach.
Discrete Variational Optimal Control
Jiménez, Fernando; Kobilarov, Marin; Martín de Diego, David
2013-06-01
This paper develops numerical methods for optimal control of mechanical systems in the Lagrangian setting. It extends the theory of discrete mechanics to enable the solutions of optimal control problems through the discretization of variational principles. The key point is to solve the optimal control problem as a variational integrator of a specially constructed higher dimensional system. The developed framework applies to systems on tangent bundles, Lie groups, and underactuated and nonholonomic systems with symmetries, and can approximate either smooth or discontinuous control inputs. The resulting methods inherit the preservation properties of variational integrators and result in numerically robust and easily implementable algorithms. Several theoretical examples and a practical one, the control of an underwater vehicle, illustrate the application of the proposed approach.
Salinelli, Ernesto
2014-01-01
This book provides an introduction to the analysis of discrete dynamical systems. The content is presented by an unitary approach that blends the perspective of mathematical modeling together with the ones of several discipline as Mathematical Analysis, Linear Algebra, Numerical Analysis, Systems Theory and Probability. After a preliminary discussion of several models, the main tools for the study of linear and non-linear scalar dynamical systems are presented, paying particular attention to the stability analysis. Linear difference equations are studied in detail and an elementary introduction of Z and Discrete Fourier Transform is presented. A whole chapter is devoted to the study of bifurcations and chaotic dynamics. One-step vector-valued dynamical systems are the subject of three chapters, where the reader can find the applications to positive systems, Markov chains, networks and search engines. The book is addressed mainly to students in Mathematics, Engineering, Physics, Chemistry, Biology and Economic...
Time Discretization Techniques
Gottlieb, S.
2016-10-12
The time discretization of hyperbolic partial differential equations is typically the evolution of a system of ordinary differential equations obtained by spatial discretization of the original problem. Methods for this time evolution include multistep, multistage, or multiderivative methods, as well as a combination of these approaches. The time step constraint is mainly a result of the absolute stability requirement, as well as additional conditions that mimic physical properties of the solution, such as positivity or total variation stability. These conditions may be required for stability when the solution develops shocks or sharp gradients. This chapter contains a review of some of the methods historically used for the evolution of hyperbolic PDEs, as well as cutting edge methods that are now commonly used.
Linearity stabilizes discrete breathers
T R Krishna Mohan; Surajit Sen
2011-11-01
The study of the dynamics of 1D chains with both harmonic and nonlinear interactions, as in the Fermi–Pasta–Ulam (FPU) and related problems, has played a central role in efforts to identify the broad consequences of nonlinearity in these systems. Here we study the dynamics of highly localized excitations, or discrete breathers, which are known to be initiated by the quasistatic stretching of bonds between adjacent particles. We show via dynamical simulations that acoustic waves introduced by the harmonic term stabilize the discrete breather by suppressing the breather’s tendency to delocalize and disperse. We conclude that the harmonic term, and hence acoustic waves, are essential for the existence of localized breathers in these systems.
2002-01-01
Discrete geometry investigates combinatorial properties of configurations of geometric objects. To a working mathematician or computer scientist, it offers sophisticated results and techniques of great diversity and it is a foundation for fields such as computational geometry or combinatorial optimization. This book is primarily a textbook introduction to various areas of discrete geometry. In each area, it explains several key results and methods, in an accessible and concrete manner. It also contains more advanced material in separate sections and thus it can serve as a collection of surveys in several narrower subfields. The main topics include: basics on convex sets, convex polytopes, and hyperplane arrangements; combinatorial complexity of geometric configurations; intersection patterns and transversals of convex sets; geometric Ramsey-type results; polyhedral combinatorics and high-dimensional convexity; and lastly, embeddings of finite metric spaces into normed spaces. Jiri Matousek is Professor of Com...
Steerable Discrete Cosine Transform
Fracastoro, Giulia; Fosson, Sophie; Magli, Enrico
2017-01-01
In image compression, classical block-based separable transforms tend to be inefficient when image blocks contain arbitrarily shaped discontinuities. For this reason, transforms incorporating directional information are an appealing alternative. In this paper, we propose a new approach to this problem, namely, a discrete cosine transform (DCT) that can be steered in any chosen direction. Such transform, called steerable DCT (SDCT), allows to rotate in a flexible way pairs of basis vectors, an...
Odake, Satoru; Sasaki, Ryu
2011-01-01
A comprehensive review of the discrete quantum mechanics with the pure imaginary shifts and the real shifts is presented in parallel with the corresponding results in the ordinary quantum mechanics. The main subjects to be covered are the factorised Hamiltonians, the general structure of the solution spaces of the Schroedinger equation (Crum's theorem and its modification), the shape invariance, the exact solvability in the Schroedinger picture as well as in the Heisenberg picture, the creati...
"Lizzie do you mind": Gertrude Stein's laws of genre in blood on the dining-room floor.
Robbins, Amy Moorman
2013-01-01
Against previous critics' readings of Stein's Blood on the Dining-Room Floor as a failed attempt at the hard-boiled genre, this article argues for the many ways in which the novel re-writes the gothic/domestic detective story in a brilliant tour de force that frames all that is un-natural about heteronormative Victorian family life while offering a lesbian alternative. In Stein's subversive and serious play with the forms and conventions of popular fiction, her positive invocations of Lizzie Borden as textual witness, her wide-reaching references to lesbian relationships in other of her works, and, finally, her virtuosic use of silence, Stein writes a profound critique of the patriarchal family through a radical unmaking of a thoroughly domestic literary form.
Dibb-Smith, Amanda; Brindal, Emily
2015-12-01
Existing research suggests that eating behaviours may be used to modify self-presentation and that process may be different for women compared to men. We aimed to assess how people make different food choices in situations of varying self-presentation demand. Via an online survey, eligible participants (n = 216; 64% female: not on a restrictive diet or severely obese/underweight) were allocated to one of four experimental conditions manipulating the familiarity (close friend v acquaintance) and sex of an eating companion (same v opposite sex). All participants were asked to imagine they were eating out with one of the manipulated companions, and were presented with a menu and asked to order items. Menu choices were used to calculate the total kilojoules ordered, percentage of kilojoules from fats and number of low-fat options selected. To assess differences in impression management, participants completed the Paulhus Deception scale. Despite successful manipulation checks, analyses of covariance (controlling for levels of hunger) revealed no main or interaction effects for familiarity and sex composition for any of the menu choice outcomes assessed. Impression management scores differed for sex composition (main effect only) with participants who imagined dining with someone of the same gender (M = 2.05, SE = 0.90) having higher impression management scores than those imagining dining with an opposite sex companion (M = 1.27, SE = 0.83). We found preliminary support that gender composition could alter impression management demands but this did not translate to differences in food choice. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Proline Based Chiral Ionic Liquids for Enantioselective Michael Reaction
Kaoru Nobuoka
2014-01-01
Full Text Available Chiral ionic liquids, starting from (S-proline, have been prepared and evaluated the ability of a chiral catalyst. In Michael reaction of trans-β-nitrostyrene and cyclohexanone, all the reactions were carried out under homogeneous conditions without any solvent except for excess cyclohexanone. The chiral ionic liquid catalyst with the positive charge delocalized bulky pyrrolidinium cation shows excellent yields (up to 92%, diastereoselectivities (syn/anti = 96/4, and enantioselectivities (up to 95% ee and could be reused at least three times without any loss of its catalytic activity. Such results demonstrated a promising new approach for green and economic chiral synthesis by using the chiral ionic liquids as a chiral catalyst and a chiral medium.
Profiles in medical courage: Michael Wilkins and the Willowbrook School
Robbins RA
2012-03-01
Full Text Available No abstract available. Article truncated at 150 words. “Never doubt that a small group of thoughtful, committed citizens can change the world. Indeed, it is the only thing that ever has. "- Margaret Mead With this article we begin an intermittent series on physicians who displayed courage in trying to help their patients. Although there are many examples, hopefully what will be illustrated are examples of the lesser known doctors who identified problems and stood up to address them. Few remember the controversy surrounding the now closed Willowbrook School and Dr. Michael Wilkins’ involvement. However, Wilkins’ courage in advocating for change not only resulted in substantial improvement in conditions at the school but also led to the Civil Rights of Institutionalized Persons Act (CRIPA of 1980.Wilkins was originally from Kansas City and graduated from the University of Missouri School of Medicine in 1967 (1. He left Missouri to do his pediatric internship and complete his military obligation…
Solvent-free Michael addition reaction of fluorene with chalcon
Fu Feng
2011-01-01
A series of novel Michael addition products of fluorene to chalcone were obtained in the presence of sodium hydroxide under solvent-free condition. The advantages of this procedure were mild reaction conditions, simple protocol, and high yields. The structures of the products were characterized by IR, 1H NMR, MS and X-ray diffraction. The crystal of the new compound 3 h is y= 64.2440(10)°, V = 2.4137(3) nm3, Z= 4, Dc=1.220 g/cm3, μ = 0.286 mm-1, F(000) = 920, R = 0.0656 and wR = 0.1554 for 5664 observed reflection with I ＞ 2σ(I).
Michael Longley’s Father: Memory, Mourning and History
Barry Sloan
2012-03-01
Full Text Available Michael Longley’s father has been a recurring presence in the poet’s work from his earliest to his most recent collection. This paper examines the exceptional strength of that bond reflected in the varied and changing ways in which the poet has responded to it – memorizing and mourning his loss; discovering through his father’s First World War stories a means of memorialising loss of life in contemporary conflicts and a way of facing the history of the twentieth century; confronting his own ageing and sense of mortality; and marking the specific, but also representative, generational history of his family. Close readings of key poems are offered to highlight Longley’s skills in meeting his own exacting standards of aesthetic propriety and moral and social responsibility for writers of elegy in order to avoid either exploitation of tragedy and loss, or facile gestures of consolation.
Michael Tenzer, ed., Analytical Studies in World Music
Martin,Denis-Constant
2007-01-01
Pour Michael Tenzer, professeur de musique à l’Université de Colombie britannique et spécialiste (analyste et interprète) de musique pour gamelan, la réunion des textes proposés dans cet ouvrage a deux objectifs : construire une théorie de la musique dans le monde qui s’émancipe des oppositions entre musiques « classiques » et « populaires », « occidentales » et « non occidentales », c’est-à-dire jeter les bases d’une théorie générale de la musique et, pour ce faire, montrer que l’analyse mus...
A Study of Postmodern Narrative in Michael Cunningham's The Hours
Hajar Abbasi Narinabad
2012-09-01
Full Text Available This project aims at providing a detailed analysis of the major features of the theory of postmodern narrative and at going through the novel The Hours by the American writer Michael Cunningham concentrating on some postmodern narrative techniques. To do so, the researcher goes through the theories set forth by some postmodern theoreticians like Roland Barthes, Jacque Derrida, Jean-François Lyotard and Julia Kristeva to investigate the postmodern narrative techniques and elements used in the novel. The researcher first examines the theories and then critically applies them on the novel. The article goes through the most eminent elements of postmodern narrative including intertextuality, stream of consciousness style, fragmentation and representation respectively which are delicately utilized in The Hours. The article concludes by recommending a few directions for the further research.
Chauhan, Pankaj; Urbanietz, Gregor; Raabe, Gerhard; Enders, Dieter
2014-07-04
A highly stereoselective one-pot procedure involving an enantioselective Michael addition promoted by low loading of an amino-squaramide catalyst followed by an achiral base catalyzed domino Michael-Knoevenagel-type 1,2-addition sequence provides efficient access to fully substituted cyclohexanes bearing five contiguous stereogenic centers in good yields (68-86%) and excellent stereoselectivities (>30 : 1 dr and 96-99% ee).
Estratégia competitiva: Michael Porter 30 anos depois
Manuel Portugal Ferreira
2009-12-01
Full Text Available Os estudos de estratégia têm sido muito influenciados pelos trabalhos de Michael Porter, em todas as suas fases, como as cinco forças, as estratégias genéricas, a cadeia de valor e as vantagens competitivas das nações. Neste artigo, analisou-se a influência de Porter nos trabalhos brasileiros em estratégia, a partir dos trabalhos selecionados e apresentados no EnANPAD. No levantamento para a análise dos artigos, considerando 10 anos de EnANPAD (1997-2006, foram selecionados 46 artigos. A identificação e seleção dos artigos envolveram os seguintes critérios: busca complementar por palavra-chave Porter na base de dados do EnANPAD; avaliação dos títulos e resumos dos artigos apresentados na área de estratégia entre 1997 e 2006, bem como na íntegra quando necessário. Procedeu-se também à análise das referências utilizadas nos artigos e o posicionamento dos autores em relação às tipologias de Porter. Como resultado, verificou-se que Michael Porter é um autor com grande influência nas pesquisas acadêmicas de estratégia. Seus estudos mais utilizados são os da análise da indústria e das estratégias genéricas, e também se verificou que a maioria dos estudos analisados é favorável aos seus conceitos, mesmo existindo pesquisas contrárias.
Domino Mukaiyama-Michael reactions in the synthesis of polycyclic systems
Sarabèr, F.C.E.; Dratch, S.; Bosselaar, G.; Jansen, B.J.M.; Groot, de Æ.
2006-01-01
Good results were obtained in the Mukaiyama-Michael reaction of the silyl enol ether of cyclohexanone with 2-methyl-2cyclopentenone and carvone, with transfer of the silyl group to the receiving enone and with TrSbCl6 as catalyst. A second Mukaiyama-Michael reaction of this new silyl enol ether with
Asymmetric Michael Reaction of Malononitrile Catalyzed by Chiral Ru(Ⅱ) Complex and Achiral Base
MA Ya-Ping; XING Zhi-Kui; ZHU Jin; CUI Xin; CUN Lin-Feng; DENG Jin-Gen
2003-01-01
@@ Michael addition reactions represent one of the most important carbon-carbon bond forming reactions in modern synthetic organic chemistry. [1 ～3] We achieved catalytic enantioselective Michael addition reactions of malononitrile with chiral vicinal diamine-Ru(Ⅱ) complex in the presence of achiral base. High yields and moderate ee were observed.
75 FR 22436 - Michael Williams-Control Exemption-St. Maries River Railroad, Inc.
2010-04-28
... Surface Transportation Board Michael Williams-Control Exemption-St. Maries River Railroad, Inc. Michael Williams (applicant),\\1\\ a noncarrier, has filed a verified notice of exemption to acquire control of St... from STMA's parent, Potlatch Land & Lumber, LLC, by Williams Group, Inc. (WG).\\2\\ Applicant...
Domino Mukaiyama-Michael reactions in the synthesis of polycyclic systems
Sarabèr, F.C.E.; Dratch, S.; Bosselaar, G.; Jansen, B.J.M.; Groot, de Æ.
2006-01-01
Good results were obtained in the Mukaiyama-Michael reaction of the silyl enol ether of cyclohexanone with 2-methyl-2cyclopentenone and carvone, with transfer of the silyl group to the receiving enone and with TrSbCl6 as catalyst. A second Mukaiyama-Michael reaction of this new silyl enol ether with
Cranton, Patricia; Kasl, Elizabeth
2012-01-01
This article presents the authors' response to Michael Newman's "Calling Transformative Learning into Question: Some Mutinous Thoughts". The authors begin by noting their appreciation of Michael Newman's challenge to transformative learning theory. In their response, the authors review and comment on the fatal flaws presented by Newman and then…
Markets, Marx, Modernity and Mathematics Education: A Response to Michael Apple.
Gates, Peter
This paper is a response to Michael Apple's paper, "What Postmodernists Forget: Cultural Capital and Official Knowledge." The paper advocates Michael's identification of the current dangers and processes of the growth of new right ideologies in the development of subjectivity, society, and education. The differences in success in the education…
Brauer, Fred; Feng, Zhilan; Castillo-Chavez, Carlos
2010-01-01
The mathematical theory of single outbreak epidemic models really began with the work of Kermack and Mackendrick about decades ago. This gave a simple answer to the long-standing question of why epidemics woould appear suddenly and then disappear just as suddenly without having infected an entire population. Therefore it seemed natural to expect that theoreticians would immediately proceed to expand this mathematical framework both because the need to handle recurrent single infectious disease outbreaks has always been a priority for public health officials and because theoreticians often try to push the limits of exiting theories. However, the expansion of the theory via the inclusion of refined epidemiological classifications or through the incorporation of categories that are essential for the evaluation of intervention strategies, in the context of ongoing epidemic outbreaks, did not materialize. It was the global threat posed by SARS in that caused theoreticians to expand the Kermack-McKendrick single-outbreak framework. Most recently, efforts to connect theoretical work to data have exploded as attempts to deal with the threat of emergent and re-emergent diseases including the most recent H1N1 influenza pandemic, have marched to the forefront of our global priorities. Since data are collected and/or reported over discrete units of time, developing single outbreak models that fit collected data naturally is relevant. In this note, we introduce a discrete-epidemic framework and highlight, through our analyses, the similarities between single-outbreak comparable classical continuous-time epidemic models and the discrete-time models introduced in this note. The emphasis is on comparisons driven by expressions for the final epidemic size.
Wuensche, Andrew
DDLab is interactive graphics software for creating, visualizing, and analyzing many aspects of Cellular Automata, Random Boolean Networks, and Discrete Dynamical Networks in general and studying their behavior, both from the time-series perspective — space-time patterns, and from the state-space perspective — attractor basins. DDLab is relevant to research, applications, and education in the fields of complexity, self-organization, emergent phenomena, chaos, collision-based computing, neural networks, content addressable memory, genetic regulatory networks, dynamical encryption, generative art and music, and the study of the abstract mathematical/physical/dynamical phenomena in their own right.
Difference Discrete Variational Principle in Discrete Mechanics and Symplectic Algorithm
LUO Xu-Dong; GUO Han-Ying; LI Yu-Qi; WU Ke
2004-01-01
We propose the difference discrete variational principle in discrete mechanics and symplectic algorithmwith variable step-length of time in finite duration based upon a noncommutative differential calculus established inthis paper. This approach keeps both symplecticity and energy conservation discretely. We show that there exists thediscrete version of the Euler-Lagrange cohomology in these discrete systems. We also discuss the solution existencein finite time-length and its site density in continuous limit, and apply our approach to the pendulum with periodicperturbation. The numerical results are satisfactory.
Discrete Exterior Calculus Discretization of Incompressible Navier-Stokes Equations
Mohamed, Mamdouh S.
2017-05-23
A conservative discretization of incompressible Navier-Stokes equations over surface simplicial meshes is developed using discrete exterior calculus (DEC). Numerical experiments for flows over surfaces reveal a second order accuracy for the developed scheme when using structured-triangular meshes, and first order accuracy otherwise. The mimetic character of many of the DEC operators provides exact conservation of both mass and vorticity, in addition to superior kinetic energy conservation. The employment of barycentric Hodge star allows the discretization to admit arbitrary simplicial meshes. The discretization scheme is presented along with various numerical test cases demonstrating its main characteristics.
Poisson hierarchy of discrete strings
Ioannidou, Theodora, E-mail: ti3@auth.gr [Faculty of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, 54249, Thessaloniki (Greece); Niemi, Antti J., E-mail: Antti.Niemi@physics.uu.se [Department of Physics and Astronomy, Uppsala University, P.O. Box 803, S-75108, Uppsala (Sweden); Laboratoire de Mathematiques et Physique Theorique CNRS UMR 6083, Fédération Denis Poisson, Université de Tours, Parc de Grandmont, F37200, Tours (France); Department of Physics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Haidian District, Beijing 100081 (China)
2016-01-28
The Poisson geometry of a discrete string in three dimensional Euclidean space is investigated. For this the Frenet frames are converted into a spinorial representation, the discrete spinor Frenet equation is interpreted in terms of a transfer matrix formalism, and Poisson brackets are introduced in terms of the spinor components. The construction is then generalised, in a self-similar manner, into an infinite hierarchy of Poisson algebras. As an example, the classical Virasoro (Witt) algebra that determines reparametrisation diffeomorphism along a continuous string, is identified as a particular sub-algebra, in the hierarchy of the discrete string Poisson algebra. - Highlights: • Witt (classical Virasoro) algebra is derived in the case of discrete string. • Infinite dimensional hierarchy of Poisson bracket algebras is constructed for discrete strings. • Spinor representation of discrete Frenet equations is developed.
Advances in discrete differential geometry
2016-01-01
This is one of the first books on a newly emerging field of discrete differential geometry and an excellent way to access this exciting area. It surveys the fascinating connections between discrete models in differential geometry and complex analysis, integrable systems and applications in computer graphics. The authors take a closer look at discrete models in differential geometry and dynamical systems. Their curves are polygonal, surfaces are made from triangles and quadrilaterals, and time is discrete. Nevertheless, the difference between the corresponding smooth curves, surfaces and classical dynamical systems with continuous time can hardly be seen. This is the paradigm of structure-preserving discretizations. Current advances in this field are stimulated to a large extent by its relevance for computer graphics and mathematical physics. This book is written by specialists working together on a common research project. It is about differential geometry and dynamical systems, smooth and discrete theories, ...
Discrete R Symmetries and Anomalies
Michael Dine(Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics and Department of Physics, Santa Cruz CA 95064, U.S.A.); Angelo Monteux(Santa Cruz Institute for Particle Physics, University of California Santa Cruz, 1156 High Street, Santa Cruz, U.S.A.)
2012-01-01
We comment on aspects of discrete anomaly conditions focussing particularly on $R$ symmetries. We review the Green-Schwarz cancellation of discrete anomalies, providing a heuristic explanation why, in the heterotic string, only the "model-independent dilaton" transforms non-linearly under discrete symmetries; this argument suggests that, in other theories, multiple fields might play a role in anomaly cancellations, further weakening any anomaly constraints at low energies. We provide examples...
2012-05-21
... Michael J Smith Field, Beaufort, NC AGENCY: Federal Aviation Administration (FAA), DOT. ACTION: Notice... approximately 7.5 acres of airport property, located at the Michael J Smith Field, be used for aeronautical... Authority to release approximately 7.5 acres of airport property at the Michael J Smith Field. The...
2010-10-12
... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program... needed to determine patients' satisfaction with services provided by or through the Michael E. DeBakey.... Title: Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program, VA Form 10-0476. OMB...
冨永, 美穂子; 濱端, 倫子
2015-01-01
We investigated the effectiveness of a university cafeteria as a place of dietary education by putting 10 kinds of poster related to diet or nutrition in the sign stand on the dining tables at a university cafeteria over a period of 10 weeks (1 week for each poster). We conducted a questionnaire survey among students using the cafeteria with respect to such items as requests to the cafeteria, awareness of nutritional balance, frequency of eating breakfast, and utility of the posters i...
1983-03-01
10.3 to 12.7 mm for skinfold thicknesses . 4 The positive ( Table 7) and negative ( Table 8) indications of nutritional deficiencies observed during the...body height, weight, and skinfold thicknesses at two sites (triceps and. subscapular). Each diner’s last initial, the last four digits of his/her social...Gianopolos, Food Supervisor at the Tri-Services Dining facility, and his military assistants for their continued cooperation during the survey. TABLE OF
Steerable Discrete Cosine Transform
Fracastoro, Giulia; Fosson, Sophie M.; Magli, Enrico
2017-01-01
In image compression, classical block-based separable transforms tend to be inefficient when image blocks contain arbitrarily shaped discontinuities. For this reason, transforms incorporating directional information are an appealing alternative. In this paper, we propose a new approach to this problem, namely a discrete cosine transform (DCT) that can be steered in any chosen direction. Such transform, called steerable DCT (SDCT), allows to rotate in a flexible way pairs of basis vectors, and enables precise matching of directionality in each image block, achieving improved coding efficiency. The optimal rotation angles for SDCT can be represented as solution of a suitable rate-distortion (RD) problem. We propose iterative methods to search such solution, and we develop a fully fledged image encoder to practically compare our techniques with other competing transforms. Analytical and numerical results prove that SDCT outperforms both DCT and state-of-the-art directional transforms.
Discrete Thermodynamics of Lasers
Zilbergleyt, B
2007-01-01
The paper offers a discrete thermodynamic model of lasers. Laser is an open system; its equilibrium is based on a balance of two thermodynamic forces, one related to the incoming pumping power and another to the emitted light. The basic expression for such equilibrium is a logistic map, graphical solutions to which are pitchfork bifurcation diagrams. As pumping force increases, the relative populations on the ground and lasing branches tend to zero and unity correspondingly. An interesting feature of this model is the line spectrum of the up and down transitions between the branches beyond bifurcation point. Even in a simple case of 2-level laser with only 2 possible transition types (up and down), the spectra look like sets of the line packets, starting well before the population inversion. This effect is an independent confirmation of the Einstein's prohibition on practical realization of 2-level laser. Multilevel lasers may be approached by employing the idea of thermodynamic activity for the emitting atom...
Noyes, H. Pierre; Starson, Scott
1991-03-01
Discrete physics, because it replaces time evolution generated by the energy operator with a global bit-string generator (program universe) and replaces fields with the relativistic Wheeler-Feynman action at a distance, allows the consistent formulation of the concept of signed gravitational charge for massive particles. The resulting prediction made by this version of the theory is that free anti-particles near the surface of the earth will fall up with the same acceleration that the corresponding particles fall down. So far as we can see, no current experimental information is in conflict with this prediction of our theory. The experiment crusis will be one of the anti-proton or anti-hydrogen experiments at CERN. Our prediction should be much easier to test than the small effects which those experiments are currently designed to detect or bound.
Noyes, H.P. (Stanford Linear Accelerator Center, Menlo Park, CA (USA)); Starson, S. (STARSON Corp. (USA))
1991-03-01
Discrete physics, because it replaces time evolution generated by the energy operator with a global bit-string generator (program universe) and replaces fields'' with the relativistic Wheeler-Feynman action at a distance,'' allows the consistent formulation of the concept of signed gravitational charge for massive particles. The resulting prediction made by this version of the theory is that free anti-particles near the surface of the earth will fall'' up with the same acceleration that the corresponding particles fall down. So far as we can see, no current experimental information is in conflict with this prediction of our theory. The experiment crusis will be one of the anti-proton or anti-hydrogen experiments at CERN. Our prediction should be much easier to test than the small effects which those experiments are currently designed to detect or bound. 23 refs.
Discrete Pearson distributions
Bowman, K.O. [Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States); Shenton, L.R. [Georgia Univ., Athens, GA (United States); Kastenbaum, M.A. [Kastenbaum (M.A.), Basye, VA (United States)
1991-11-01
These distributions are generated by a first order recursive scheme which equates the ratio of successive probabilities to the ratio of two corresponding quadratics. The use of a linearized form of this model will produce equations in the unknowns matched by an appropriate set of moments (assumed to exist). Given the moments we may find valid solutions. These are two cases; (1) distributions defined on the non-negative integers (finite or infinite) and (2) distributions defined on negative integers as well. For (1), given the first four moments, it is possible to set this up as equations of finite or infinite degree in the probability of a zero occurrence, the sth component being a product of s ratios of linear forms in this probability in general. For (2) the equation for the zero probability is purely linear but may involve slowly converging series; here a particular case is the discrete normal. Regions of validity are being studied. 11 refs.
Immigration and Prosecutorial Discretion.
Apollonio, Dorie; Lochner, Todd; Heddens, Myriah
Immigration has become an increasingly salient national issue in the US, and the Department of Justice recently increased federal efforts to prosecute immigration offenses. This shift, however, relies on the cooperation of US attorneys and their assistants. Traditionally federal prosecutors have enjoyed enormous discretion and have been responsive to local concerns. To consider how the centralized goal of immigration enforcement may have influenced federal prosecutors in regional offices, we review their prosecution of immigration offenses in California using over a decade's worth of data. Our findings suggest that although centralizing forces influence immigration prosecutions, individual US attorneys' offices retain distinct characteristics. Local factors influence federal prosecutors' behavior in different ways depending on the office. Contrary to expectations, unemployment rates did not affect prosecutors' willingness to pursue immigration offenses, nor did local popular opinion about illegal immigration.
McKenzie, Alan
2016-01-01
The Many Worlds Interpretation (MWI) famously avoids the issue of wave function collapse. Different MWI trees representing the same quantum events can have different topologies, depending upon the observer. However, they are all isomorphic to the group of block universes containing all of the outcomes of all of the events, and so, in that sense, the group of block universes is a more fundamental representation. Different branches of the MWI tree, representing different universes in MWI, ultimately share the same quantum state in a common ancestor branch. This branching topology is incompatible with that of the Minkowski block universe; the resolution is to replace the branches with discrete, parallel block universes, each of which extends from the trunk to the outermost twigs. The number of universes in a branch is proportional to its thickness which, in turn, depends upon the absolute square of the probability amplitude for the state in that branch. Every quantum event may be represented by a kernel of unive...
Thermodynamics of discrete quantum processes
Anders, Janet; Giovannetti, Vittorio
2013-03-01
We define thermodynamic configurations and identify two primitives of discrete quantum processes between configurations for which heat and work can be defined in a natural way. This allows us to uncover a general second law for any discrete trajectory that consists of a sequence of these primitives, linking both equilibrium and non-equilibrium configurations. Moreover, in the limit of a discrete trajectory that passes through an infinite number of configurations, i.e. in the reversible limit, we recover the saturation of the second law. Finally, we show that for a discrete Carnot cycle operating between four configurations one recovers Carnot's thermal efficiency.
Principles of discrete time mechanics
Jaroszkiewicz, George
2014-01-01
Could time be discrete on some unimaginably small scale? Exploring the idea in depth, this unique introduction to discrete time mechanics systematically builds the theory up from scratch, beginning with the historical, physical and mathematical background to the chronon hypothesis. Covering classical and quantum discrete time mechanics, this book presents all the tools needed to formulate and develop applications of discrete time mechanics in a number of areas, including spreadsheet mechanics, classical and quantum register mechanics, and classical and quantum mechanics and field theories. A consistent emphasis on contextuality and the observer-system relationship is maintained throughout.
A Musical Italy: Michael W. Balfe’s Italian Experiences
Basil Walsh
2016-06-01
Full Text Available The Dublin-born musician, Michael W. Balfe, was a singer, composerand conductor whose brilliant musical career was heavily influenced byformative experiences in Italy. In 1825, Balfe, interested in broadeninghis musical studies first went to Paris where he was introduced to thegreat composers, Luigi Cherubini and Gioachino Rossini, who took apersonal interest in him and his musical talents. On the advice of Rossinihe spent the next few years in Italy studying singing with the famousRossini singer, Filippo Galli, and taking music composition lessonsfrom Ferdinando Paer, in Rome. Later in Milan he studied harmonyand counterpoint with Vincenzo Federici. By 1831, when he was only23 years old, his first three operas had been produced in Palermo, Pavia,and Milan. He returned to London in August 1835, participatingwith the great Lablache, Tamburini, Rubini and Grisi in a concert inVauxhall Gardens. In 1834 he made his debut at La Scala, Milan, singingopposite the renowned mezzo-soprano, Maria Malibran in Rossini’sOtello. He appeared again with Malibran in Venice early in 1835,singing once more in Rossini and Bellini operas. Balfe worked as a singerand composer throughout the Italian peninsula/states during the years,1825-1835 and this article will chart these experiences and demonstratehow the time he spent in Italy and the people he met, influenced hislife and later career as an important and popular European composer.
El fetiche etnográfico de Michael Taussig
Matthew Carlin
2014-01-01
Full Text Available El antropólogo Michael Taussig ha producido una gran cantidad de trabajo etnográfico sobre América Latina en el que toma por objeto la universalidad de la cultura burguesa y en el que, al reorientar la mirada del etnógrafo hacia los elementos embriagantes y orgiásticos de la vida, atenúa las líneas que dividen ciencia y arte. En este ensayo tengo la intención de mostrar lo siguiente: 1 que sus etnografías sobre magia, violencia y el Es-tado, están enraizadas en su priorización del mundo fenomenológico y en una concepción materialista en deuda con la teoría estética alemana del si-glo XIX y con la antropología especulativa de Karl Marx y Walter Benjamin; 2 que su proyecto etnográfico no consiste en la eliminación de la ciencia del ámbito de la etnografía, sino en disminuir el papel de la explicación en favor de una forma de escritura que, como el arte, trabaja para refundar las imágenes del mundo.
Michael Field’s “A Dance of Death”
LeeAnne Richardson
2012-03-01
Full Text Available The 1912 poem "A Dance of Death" by Michael Field (pen name of Katherine Bradley and her niece Edith Cooper depicts Salome in an alternate version of the biblical story: this Salome dances on a frozen river, falls through the ice, and is decapitated on a jagged edge. Nonetheless, her beautiful head continues dancing over the frozen river. This poem is highly unusual, especially in the context of the other poems in the postconversion volume Poems of Adoration, because it questions, rather than submits to, authority. In re-writing a familiar Christian tale, as well as a familiar decadent theme, Field uses the poem to assert the supremacy of their artistic vision, which (despite their ardent Catholicism cannot be subject to any law outside themselves. Like the continually dancing head of Salome, which continues to create beauty even after nature (and perhaps God has struck it down, the poet is subjugate only to her own law and creates without boundaries or restrictions on her art. Bradley and Cooper were acutely aware of their authorial persona (actively taking not only a masculine but also a singular poetic identity, and their mode of reconciling the apparent contradictions of this identity are mirrored in their presentation of Salome in a "Dance of Death."
Subjetividade e defesa na obra de Michael Balint
Renata Mello
2008-01-01
Full Text Available Currently we can observe the diffusion of the so-called tough patients in psychoanalytic clinic. These patients have proven resistant to the classic psychoanalysis technique, leading to the necessity of relying on their psychic dynamics, aiming at a broader understanding of what is at stake in these cases. It can be observed that the subjectivation process relates to a precocious traumatic experience that touches the relation of the individual with what is external to him. Because of the overwhelming intensity provoked by the trauma, elementary protection measures are mobilized in order to prevent a narcissistic collapse. The defense then becomes the preferred way through which psychism constitutes itself, which translates into a meaningful impoverishment of subjective life. In an attempt to understand this dynamic and propose a direction for the psychic treatment, we will resort to Michael Balint¿s ideas about primary object relations, as his thinking offers important elements for a renewal of the understanding of both the analytical practice and the very psychic dynamic we currently see. In regards to Balint¿s ideas, we will hold on to his primary love theory and to the question of the modalities of defensive links - ocnophilia and philobatism - given the lack of loving of the primordial objects, ideas that can provide subsidies to deal with these tough patients.
Discrete dynamics versus analytic dynamics
Toxværd, Søren
2014-01-01
For discrete classical Molecular dynamics obtained by the “Verlet” algorithm (VA) with the time increment h there exists a shadow Hamiltonian H˜ with energy E˜(h) , for which the discrete particle positions lie on the analytic trajectories for H˜ . Here, we proof that there, independent...
Discretization error of Stochastic Integrals
Fukasawa, Masaaki
2010-01-01
Asymptotic error distribution for approximation of a stochastic integral with respect to continuous semimartingale by Riemann sum with general stochastic partition is studied. Effective discretization schemes of which asymptotic conditional mean-squared error attains a lower bound are constructed. Two applications are given; efficient delta hedging strategies with transaction costs and effective discretization schemes for the Euler-Maruyama approximation are constructed.
Discrete Mathematics and Its Applications
Oxley, Alan
2010-01-01
The article gives ideas that lecturers of undergraduate Discrete Mathematics courses can use in order to make the subject more interesting for students and encourage them to undertake further studies in the subject. It is possible to teach Discrete Mathematics with little or no reference to computing. However, students are more likely to be…
Byrd, Karen; Almanza, Barbara; Ghiselli, Richard F; Behnke, Carl; Eicher-Miller, Heather A
2017-08-03
Restaurant foods have been shown to be high in sodium and limited sodium content information provided through menu nutrition information (MNI) is available at the point of purchase. Dining out and use of MNI are behaviors that can be altered by consumers who are trying to decrease their sodium intake. The aim of this study was to determine the relationship between reported consumer actions to decrease sodium intake and dining out frequency and awareness and use/or intended use of MNI. A secondary analysis was conducted using responses from 5,588 US adults aged 20 years or older who participated in the 2013-2014 cross-sectional National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey household interview. The main outcomes were dining out frequency and seeing MNI, using MNI if seen, or would use MNI if provided. Linear and logistic regression models were used to assess the relationship of consumers reporting and not reporting action to decrease sodium intake and the outcome measures. Reported consumer action to decrease sodium intake compared to no action was associated with an overall decreased dining out frequency of approximately one meal per week (mean±standard error=3.12±0.10 compared to 4.11±0.14; Pdecrease their sodium intake compared to those who were not for both fast-food or pizza establishments and restaurants with wait staff (odds ratio ranged from 1.17 [95% CI 1.04 to 1.32] to 2.24 [95% CI 1.82 to 2.76]; P values ranged from decrease sodium intake, consumers reporting actions indicate they dine out less frequently, specifically at fast-food or pizza restaurants and report they are more likely to use MNI. These results may inform the restaurant industry of the actions of a potentially growing consumer group and provide insights for future public health initiatives targeting population sodium reduction. Copyright © 2017 Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Discretization and implicit mapping dynamics
Luo, Albert C J
2015-01-01
This unique book presents the discretization of continuous systems and implicit mapping dynamics of periodic motions to chaos in continuous nonlinear systems. The stability and bifurcation theory of fixed points in discrete nonlinear dynamical systems is reviewed, and the explicit and implicit maps of continuous dynamical systems are developed through the single-step and multi-step discretizations. The implicit dynamics of period-m solutions in discrete nonlinear systems are discussed. The book also offers a generalized approach to finding analytical and numerical solutions of stable and unstable periodic flows to chaos in nonlinear systems with/without time-delay. The bifurcation trees of periodic motions to chaos in the Duffing oscillator are shown as a sample problem, while the discrete Fourier series of periodic motions and chaos are also presented. The book offers a valuable resource for university students, professors, researchers and engineers in the fields of applied mathematics, physics, mechanics,...
Dining in the lions� den � Bel and the dragon, verses 28�42 (Old Greek/Theodotion
Joseph J. de Bruyn
2015-03-01
Full Text Available This article is part of a series of articles written on Bel and the dragon. This series of articles is an investigation into the Greek editor/author�s use of body, space, narrative and genre in creating a new reality regarding the Jewish deity. A spatial framework is used to specifically examine the third episode of Bel and the dragon, entitled Dining in the lions� den. It is suggested that the third episode of Bel and the dragon should be read in a reciprocal relationship with not only Bel and the dragon but also the larger book of Daniel. Firstly, such an analysis indicates that the smaller episode is part of a larger clash of deities. Secondly, it shows that the editor/ author utilises the episode to recreate a new cosmology. In this new cosmology, the God of Israel is an almighty deity whilst other deities are revealed as false and not real living gods. In his own way, the editor/author contributes to the way in which Jews regarded their God within the reality of the diaspora.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: The aim with this article was to analyse Daniel 14 by means of new insights from developments in language studies. Until now, scholars tended to repeat each other in their analysis of Daniel 14. No attention was given to space, body or other aspects of new developments in the field of language. This article challenges the repetitive research previously done on Daniel 14.
New Q-ball solutions in gauge-mediation, Affleck-Dine baryogenesis and gravitino dark matter
Doddato, Francesca; McDonald, John, E-mail: f.doddato@lancaster.ac.uk, E-mail: j.mcdonald@lancaster.ac.uk [Consortium for Fundamental Physics, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics Group, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)
2012-06-01
Affleck-Dine (AD) baryogenesis along a d = 6 flat direction in gauge-mediated supersymmetry-breaking (GMSB) models can produce unstable Q-balls which naturally have field strength similar to the messenger scale. In this case a new kind of Q-ball is formed, intermediate between the gravity-mediated and gauge-mediated types. We study in detail these new Q-ball solutions, showing how their properties interpolate between standard gravity-mediated and gauge-mediated Q-balls as the AD field becomes larger than the messenger scale. It is shown that E/Q for the Q-balls can be greater than the nucleon mass but less than the MSSM-LSP mass, leading to Q-ball decay primarily to Standard Model fermions. More significantly, if E/Q is greater than the MSSM-LSP mass, decaying Q-balls can provide a natural source of non-thermal MSSM-LSPs, which can subsequently decay to gravitino dark matter without violating nucleosynthesis constraints. The model therefore provides a minimal scenario for baryogenesis and gravitino dark matter in the gauge-mediated MSSM, requiring no new fields.
Doddato, Francesca; McDonald, John, E-mail: f.doddato@lancaster.ac.uk, E-mail: j.mcdonald@lancaster.ac.uk [Dept. of Physics, Cosmology and Astroparticle Physics Group, University of Lancaster, Lancaster LA1 4YB (United Kingdom)
2011-06-01
We study the conditions for successful Affleck-Dine baryogenesis and the origin of gravitino dark matter in GMSB models. AD baryogenesis in GMSB models is ruled out by neutron star stability unless Q-balls are unstable and decay before nucleosynthesis. Unstable Q-balls can form if the messenger mass scale is larger than the flat-direction field Φ when the condensate fragments. We provide an example based on AD baryogenesis along a d = 6 flat direction for the case where m{sub 3/2} ≈ 2GeV, as predicted by gravitino dark matter from Q-ball decay. Using a phenomenological GMSB potential which models the Φ dependence of the SUSY breaking terms, we numerically solve for the evolution of Φ and show that the messenger mass can be sufficiently close to the flat-direction field when the condensate fragments. We compute the corresponding reheating temperature and the baryonic charge of the condensate fragments and show that the charge is large enough to produce late-decaying Q-balls which can be the origin of gravitino dark matter.
Yip, Wilson; Wiessing, Katy R; Budgett, Stephanie; Poppitt, Sally D
2013-10-01
The aim of the study was to determine whether plate size affects ad libitum energy intake (EI) at a buffet-style lunch in overweight, yet unrestrained women. Twenty overweight/obese (BMI=25-40 kg/m(2)) women attended two study visits, and were randomly assigned to small (19.5 cm) or large (26.5 cm) diameter plate size at a free choice lunch meal. At 9 am participants were given a small (0.5 MJ) breakfast, followed at 12 noon by the lunch meal from which they ate ad lib until comfortably full. Mean (SEM) EI at lunch was 3975 (239)kJ and 3901 (249) kJ respectively for small and large plate size. There was no detectable difference in EI between the two plate sizes (P>0.05). When in a raised state of hunger and offered a palatable buffet meal, altering the diameter of the dining plate onto which food was self-served did not significantly alter ad lib EI. We conclude there was no evidence that a smaller plate suppressed EI in a group of unrestrained, overweight women encouraged to eat to appetite from a wide choice of items. Whether plate size is a useful cue for portion size, and hence control of EI, in individuals actively restricting intake however remains possible, and requires investigation. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Doddato, Francesca
2011-01-01
We study the conditions for successful Affleck-Dine baryogenesis and the origin of gravitino dark matter in GMSB models. AD baryogenesis in GMSB models is ruled out by neutron star stability unless Q-balls are unstable and decay before nucleosynthesis. Unstable Q-balls can form if the messenger mass scale is larger than the flat-direction field Phi when the condensate fragments. We provide an example based on AD baryogenesis along a d = 6 flat direction for the case where m_{3/2} \\approx 2 GeV, as predicted by gravitino dark matter from Q-ball decay. Using a phenomenological GMSB potential which models the Phi dependence of the SUSY breaking terms, we numerically solve for the evolution of Phi and show that the messenger mass can be sufficiently close to the flat-direction field when the condensate fragments. We compute the corresponding reheating temperature and the baryonic charge of the condensate fragments and show that the charge is large enough to produce late-decaying Q-balls which can be the origin of...
Catering for large numbers of tourists: the McDonaldization of casual dining in Kruger National Park
Ferreira Sanette L.A.
2016-09-01
Full Text Available Since 2002 Kruger National Park (KNP has subjected to a commercialisation strategy. Regarding income generation, SANParks (1 sees KNP as the goose that lays the golden eggs. As part of SANParks’ commercialisation strategy and in response to providing services that are efficient, predictable and calculable for a large number of tourists, SANParks has allowed well-known branded restaurants to be established in certain rest camps in KNP. This innovation has raised a range of different concerns and opinions among the public. This paper investigates the what and the where of casual dining experiences in KNP; describes how the catering services have evolved over the last 70 years; and evaluates current visitor perceptions of the introduction of franchised restaurants in the park. The main research instrument was a questionnaire survey. Survey findings confirmed that restaurant managers, park managers and visitors recognise franchised restaurants as positive contributors to the unique KNP experience. Park managers appraised the franchised restaurants as mechanisms for funding conservation.
Eesti disain on kõva, ent see tuleb moondada ekspordiks / Michael Thomson ; interv. Urmas Oja
Thomson, Michael
2008-01-01
Euroopa Disainiassotsiatsioonide Liidu presidendi ja Tallinnas toimunud festivali Disainiöö Eesti disainiauhinna Bruno žürii juhi Michael Thomsoni arvamus eesti disainist ning disainipoliitika vajalikkusest Eestis. Auhinnasaajate nimekiri
Theory and practice in action: the contributions of Michael Perkins to clinical linguistics.
Damico, Jack S; Lynch, Karen E
2013-01-01
This article reviews the scholarly contributions of Michael R. Perkins in the discipline of clinical linguistics and provides some indication of the reasons that he has been so successful. Three primary attributes were described through an analysis of his publications.
Goddard, Wade
2007-01-01
Dubrovniku vanalinnas asub Sõjafotokeskus. Intervjuu keskuse asutaja, kanadalasest fotograafi Wade Goddardi ja kahe seal augustis avatud näitusel osalenud fotograafi Heidi Levine'i ja Michael Robinson Chavez'iga. Sõjafotograafi tööst
Reports of the working groups / Eino Tamm, Sahlin Michael, Valve Kirsipuu...[jt.
1999-01-01
Töögruppide "EU enlargement and relevant institutional reforms" (juhatajad Eino Tamm, Michael Sahlin) ja "Maintaining of competitiveness of Estonia and other candidate countries" (juhatajad Valve Kirsipuu, Terry Calbom) tööst. Autor: Reformierakond
Goddard, Wade
2007-01-01
Dubrovniku vanalinnas asub Sõjafotokeskus. Intervjuu keskuse asutaja, kanadalasest fotograafi Wade Goddardi ja kahe seal augustis avatud näitusel osalenud fotograafi Heidi Levine'i ja Michael Robinson Chavez'iga. Sõjafotograafi tööst
High Blood Cholesterol Q&A Dr. Michael Lauer | NIH MedlinePlus the Magazine
... high cholesterol research. Dr. Michael Lauer and his wife, Dr. Robin Avery, agree on the health benefits ... trial of the drug methotrexate in high-risk patients with vascular disease. We have come to appreciate ...
Chiral Aminophosphines as Catalysts for Enantioselective Double-Michael Indoline Syntheses
Ohyun Kwon
2012-05-01
Full Text Available The bisphosphine-catalyzed double-Michael addition of dinucleophiles to electron-deficient acetylenes is an efficient process for the synthesis of many nitrogen-containing heterocycles. Because the resulting heterocycles contain at least one stereogenic center, this double-Michael reaction would be even more useful if an asymmetric variant of the reaction were to be developed. Aminophosphines can also facilitate the double-Michael reaction and chiral amines are more readily available in Nature and synthetically; therefore, in this study we prepared several new chiral aminophosphines. When employed in the asymmetric double-Michael reaction between ortho-tosylamidophenyl malonate and 3-butyn-2-one, the chiral aminophosphines produced indolines in excellent yields with moderate asymmetric induction.
Dr. Michael DeBakey "is a magician of the heart…"
... of Baylor's new Michael E. DeBakey Library and Museum. In a lengthy Christmas Day interview that year ... blood circulation. — 1706 Raymond de Vieussens, a French anatomy professor, first describes the structure of the heart's ...
Reports of the working groups / Eino Tamm, Sahlin Michael, Valve Kirsipuu...[jt.
1999-01-01
Töögruppide "EU enlargement and relevant institutional reforms" (juhatajad Eino Tamm, Michael Sahlin) ja "Maintaining of competitiveness of Estonia and other candidate countries" (juhatajad Valve Kirsipuu, Terry Calbom) tööst. Autor: Reformierakond
Trimethylsilylethynyl ketones as surrogates for ethynyl ketones in the double Michael reaction.
Holeman, Derrick S; Rasne, Ravindra M; Grossman, Robert B
2002-05-01
Trimethylsilylethynyl ketones can be desilylated in the presence of a tethered carbon diacid and induced to undergo a double Michael reaction in situ. The trimethylsilylethynyl ketones can serve as surrogates of ethynyl ketones that are difficult to prepare or isolate.
A Conversation with his Honour Chief Judge Michael Rozenes AO County Court of Victoria
Michael Rozenes
2014-10-01
Full Text Available VULJ Editors and invited students interviewed the Chief Judge of the County Court of Victoria, His Honour Michael Rozenes AO QC, on Tuesday 19 August 2014 at the College of Law & Justice, Victoria University.
Chua, Pei Juan; Tan, Bin; Zeng, Xiaofei; Zhong, Guofu
2009-07-15
Though many chiral amines such as l-proline and its derivatives have proven to be versatile catalysts in many reactions, L-prolinol was seldom used as organocatalyst for reactions. Herein, we report the first L-prolinol catalyzed asymmetric Michael addition of cyclohexanone to nitroolefins in the presence of benzoic acid to afford Michael adducts with high diastereoselectivities (87:13->99:1) and enantioselectivities (82-96%).
A post-Byzantine creation: The archangel Michael triumphant and psychopomp
Leontakianakou Irini
2009-01-01
Full Text Available This paper deals with a specific iconographic type of Archangel Michael: he is shown bearing a soul in the form of a swaddled infant, while subduing an old man who is wearing only a loincloth. Who is Michael subduing? Three possible answers are considered: 1 the figure can be identified with Satan the fallen angel who, like Michael, has an immaterial nature and is commonly considered as his enemy par excellence; 2 he can also be an anonymous sinner, whose soul is depicted in Michael's hand; 3 finally, one could identify him with Hades, the god of the Underworld and personification of death, because he is depicted as an old man, semi-nude with a pronounced musculature, as well as because of the assimilation of Michael to God. Rather than making a single choice, the author proposes a combined interpretation of the image, which allows for the integration of all the aspects of Michael's cult (military, triumph over Satan, psychopomp, archangel of the Last Judgment and unifies the past (the fall of Satan, the present (death of a sinner and the future (Last Judgment.
Discrete Darboux transformation for discrete polynomials of hypergeometric type
Bangerezako, Gaspard
1998-03-01
The Darboux transformation, well known in second-order differential operator theory, is applied to the difference equations satisfied by the discrete hypergeometric polynomials (Charlier, Meixner-Kravchuk, Hahn).
The origin of discrete particles
Bastin, T
2009-01-01
This book is a unique summary of the results of a long research project undertaken by the authors on discreteness in modern physics. In contrast with the usual expectation that discreteness is the result of mathematical tools for insertion into a continuous theory, this more basic treatment builds up the world from the discrimination of discrete entities. This gives an algebraic structure in which certain fixed numbers arise. As such, one agrees with the measured value of the fine-structure constant to one part in 10,000,000 (10 7 ). Sample Chapter(s). Foreword (56 KB). Chapter 1: Introduction
Yang, Lu; Zhao, Liang; Zhou, Zhen; He, Cheng; Sun, Hui; Duan, Chunying
2017-03-21
A discrete tetranuclear thiourea-based metal-organic macrocycle (MOM) with a large size was constructed by a well-designed organic ligand and nickel(ii) ions via self-assembly. Incorporating thiourea groups as hydrogen-bond donors into a metal-organic complex system leads to a new approach for synthesizing functionalized heterogeneous catalysts, as this not only introduces coordination sites serving as chelators, but also overcomes the issues of self-association via intermolecular H-bonding, often occurring in homogeneous systems. The packing structure of this material formed a confined environment suitable for the access of substrate molecules dragged by the strong hydrogen-bond interactions from the thiourea groups, thus achieving a high catalytic performance in Michael additions of nitrostyrenes to nitroalkanes, with remarkable yields and size-selectivity in heterogeneous phase. Moreover, a comparison of the IR spectrum of Ni-SPT with the spectra of dimethyl malonate- and β-nitrostyrene-impregnated Ni-SPT indicated that both substrate molecules, β-nitrostyrene and dimethyl malonate, were able to access the cavity of the trimeric subunit.
Pandolfi, Anna
2016-01-01
This book provides readers with a detailed insight into diverse and exciting recent developments in computational solid mechanics, documenting new perspectives and horizons. The topics addressed cover a wide range of current research, from computational materials modeling, including crystal plasticity, micro-structured materials, and biomaterials, to multi-scale simulations of multi-physics phenomena. Particular emphasis is placed on pioneering discretization methods for the solution of coupled non-linear problems at different length scales. The book, written by leading experts, reflects the remarkable advances that have been made in the field over the past decade and more, largely due to the development of a sound mathematical background and efficient computational strategies. The contents build upon the 2014 IUTAM symposium celebrating the 60th birthday of Professor Michael Ortiz, to whom this book is dedicated. His work has long been recognized as pioneering and is a continuing source of inspiration for ma...
Discrete geodesics and cellular automata
Arrighi, Pablo
2015-01-01
This paper proposes a dynamical notion of discrete geodesics, understood as straightest trajectories in discretized curved spacetime. The notion is generic, as it is formulated in terms of a general deviation function, but readily specializes to metric spaces such as discretized pseudo-riemannian manifolds. It is effective: an algorithm for computing these geodesics naturally follows, which allows numerical validation---as shown by computing the perihelion shift of a Mercury-like planet. It is consistent, in the continuum limit, with the standard notion of timelike geodesics in a pseudo-riemannian manifold. Whether the algorithm fits within the framework of cellular automata is discussed at length. KEYWORDS: Discrete connection, parallel transport, general relativity, Regge calculus.
Exact analysis of discrete data
Hirji, Karim F
2005-01-01
Researchers in fields ranging from biology and medicine to the social sciences, law, and economics regularly encounter variables that are discrete or categorical in nature. While there is no dearth of books on the analysis and interpretation of such data, these generally focus on large sample methods. When sample sizes are not large or the data are otherwise sparse, exact methods--methods not based on asymptotic theory--are more accurate and therefore preferable.This book introduces the statistical theory, analysis methods, and computation techniques for exact analysis of discrete data. After reviewing the relevant discrete distributions, the author develops the exact methods from the ground up in a conceptually integrated manner. The topics covered range from univariate discrete data analysis, a single and several 2 x 2 tables, a single and several 2 x K tables, incidence density and inverse sampling designs, unmatched and matched case -control studies, paired binary and trinomial response models, and Markov...
Causal Dynamics of Discrete Surfaces
Pablo Arrighi
2014-03-01
Full Text Available We formalize the intuitive idea of a labelled discrete surface which evolves in time, subject to two natural constraints: the evolution does not propagate information too fast; and it acts everywhere the same.
Discrete Event Programming with Simkit
Buss, Arnold
2001-01-01
This paper is a brief introduction to the use of Simkit, a software package for implementing Discrete Event Simulation (DES) models. Simkit is written in Java (for any operating system with Java 2TM ).
Multiscale expansions in discrete world
Ömer Ünsal; Filiz Taşcan; Mehmet Naci Özer
2014-07-01
In this paper, we show the attainability of KdV equation from some types of nonlinear Schrödinger equation by using multiscale expansions discretely. The power of this manageable method is confirmed by applying it to two selected nonlinear Schrödinger evolution equations. This approach can also be applied to other nonlinear discrete evolution equations. All the computations have been made with Maple computer packet program.
Discrete solitons in graphene metamaterials
Bludov, Yuliy V.; Smirnova, Daria A.; Kivshar, Yuri S.; Peres, N. M. R.; Vasilevskiy, Mikhail
2014-01-01
We study nonlinear properties of multilayer metamaterials created by graphene sheets separated by dielectric layers. We demonstrate that such structures can support localized nonlinear modes described by the discrete nonlinear Schr\\"{o}dinger equation and that its solutions are associated with stable discrete plasmon solitons. We also analyze the nonlinear surface modes in truncated graphene metamaterials being a nonlinear analog of surface Tamm states. Fundação para a Ciência e a Tecnolog...
Discrete solitons in graphene metamaterials
Bludov, Yu. V.; Smirnova, D. A.; Kivshar, Yu. S.; Peres, N. M. R.; Vasilevskiy, M. I.
2015-01-01
We study nonlinear properties of multilayer metamaterials created by graphene sheets separated by dielectric layers. We demonstrate that such structures can support localized nonlinear modes described by the discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation and that its solutions are associated with stable discrete plasmon solitons. We also analyze the nonlinear surface modes in truncated graphene metamaterials being a nonlinear analog of surface Tamm states.
Alfa, Attahiru S
2016-01-01
This book introduces the theoretical fundamentals for modeling queues in discrete-time, and the basic procedures for developing queuing models in discrete-time. There is a focus on applications in modern telecommunication systems. It presents how most queueing models in discrete-time can be set up as discrete-time Markov chains. Techniques such as matrix-analytic methods (MAM) that can used to analyze the resulting Markov chains are included. This book covers single node systems, tandem system and queueing networks. It shows how queues with time-varying parameters can be analyzed, and illustrates numerical issues associated with computations for the discrete-time queueing systems. Optimal control of queues is also covered. Applied Discrete-Time Queues targets researchers, advanced-level students and analysts in the field of telecommunication networks. It is suitable as a reference book and can also be used as a secondary text book in computer engineering and computer science. Examples and exercises are includ...
Thiagarajah, Krisha; Getty, Victoria M
2013-01-01
A potential strategy for decreasing food waste in foodservice operations is trayless dining. The objective of this 2010 study was to compare the impact of using a tray vs a trayless system on plate waste and on employees' attitudes. To test the hypothesis that going trayless would reduce waste, liquid and solid plate waste were measured for 1 week with the then-existing tray system and again after a new trayless system was implemented in a buffet-style university dining hall serving roughly1,000 meals a day. Foodservice staff were invited to participate in a focus group about the impact on their jobs. The investigators calculated plate waste per patron under the two systems and used an independent samples t test to examine the significance of the difference. Comments from the focus group were analyzed for themes. A significant decrease in solid waste per patron (0.81 oz; P=0.001) was observed in switching from the tray to the trayless system (4.39 ± 0.24 oz vs 3.58 ± 0.08 oz per patron). A nonsignificant reduction was observed with liquid waste (49.77 ± 2.62 mL vs 46.36 ± 4.51 mL; P=0.18). Most of the employees preferred the trayless system as long as it did reduce waste, but felt that increased breakage of dishware and increased need to wipe down tables were possible concerns resulting from the switch. This study demonstrates that trayless dining can reduce plate waste, and that employees can be supportive of the change.
Discrete Curvature Theories and Applications
Sun, Xiang
2016-08-25
Discrete Di erential Geometry (DDG) concerns discrete counterparts of notions and methods in di erential geometry. This thesis deals with a core subject in DDG, discrete curvature theories on various types of polyhedral surfaces that are practically important for free-form architecture, sunlight-redirecting shading systems, and face recognition. Modeled as polyhedral surfaces, the shapes of free-form structures may have to satisfy di erent geometric or physical constraints. We study a combination of geometry and physics { the discrete surfaces that can stand on their own, as well as having proper shapes for the manufacture. These proper shapes, known as circular and conical meshes, are closely related to discrete principal curvatures. We study curvature theories that make such surfaces possible. Shading systems of freeform building skins are new types of energy-saving structures that can re-direct the sunlight. From these systems, discrete line congruences across polyhedral surfaces can be abstracted. We develop a new curvature theory for polyhedral surfaces equipped with normal congruences { a particular type of congruences de ned by linear interpolation of vertex normals. The main results are a discussion of various de nitions of normality, a detailed study of the geometry of such congruences, and a concept of curvatures and shape operators associated with the faces of a triangle mesh. These curvatures are compatible with both normal congruences and the Steiner formula. In addition to architecture, we consider the role of discrete curvatures in face recognition. We use geometric measure theory to introduce the notion of asymptotic cones associated with a singular subspace of a Riemannian manifold, which is an extension of the classical notion of asymptotic directions. We get a simple expression of these cones for polyhedral surfaces, as well as convergence and approximation theorems. We use the asymptotic cones as facial descriptors and demonstrate the
Analysis of Discrete Mittag - Leffler Functions
N. Shobanadevi
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Discrete Mittag - Leffler functions play a major role in the development of the theory of discrete fractional calculus. In the present article, we analyze qualitative properties of discrete Mittag - Leffler functions and establish sufficient conditions for convergence, oscillation and summability of the infinite series associated with discrete Mittag - Leffler functions.
The CHINA CONNECTION: Michael Rossmann and his first encounter with me
Jia-huai Wang
2010-01-01
@@ "We would have never belived it, if it were not told by Dorothy Hodgkin," Michael Rossmann of Purdue University said to me. He was referring to what the late Nobel laureate Dorothy Hodgkin announced in an international meeting about the achievements of Chinese scientists in determining the crystal structure of insulin in early 70's. This significant contribution occurred at the time when China was still deeply entangled in the chaos of the Cultural Revolution, while even in the international community there were less than a dozen protein structures solved by scientists (Michael included) from a handful of countries. Michael and I sat in his cozy dinning room. While enjoying a breakfast with his favorite applesauce,observing a wild rabbit sneaking underneath the bush in the garden, we had a long chat. That was dudng my first visit to his lab in West Lafayette in 1980.
Minisuperspace models of discrete systems
Baytaş, Bekir
2016-01-01
A discrete quantum spin system is presented in which several modern methods of canonical quantum gravity can be tested with promising results. In particular, features of interacting dynamics are analyzed with an emphasis on homogeneous configurations and the dynamical building-up and stability of long-range correlations. Different types of homogeneous minisuperspace models are introduced for the system, including one based on condensate states, and shown to capture different aspects of the discrete system. They are evaluated with effective methods and by means of continuum limits, showing good agreement with operator calculations whenever the latter are available. As a possibly quite general result, it is concluded that an analysis of the building-up of long-range correlations in discrete systems requires non-perturbative solutions of the dynamical equations. Some questions related to stability can be analyzed perturbatively, but suggest that matter couplings may be relevant for this question in the context o...
Interference in discrete Wigner functions
Cormick, C; Cormick, Cecilia; Paz, Juan Pablo
2006-01-01
We analyse some features of the class of discrete Wigner functions that was recently introduced by Gibbons et al. to represent quantum states of systems with power-of-prime dimensional Hilbert spaces [Phys. Rev. A 70, 062101 (2004)]. We consider "cat" states obtained as coherent superpositions of states with positive Wigner function; for such states we show that the oscillations of the discrete Wigner function typically spread over the entire discrete phase-space (including the regions where the two interfering states are localized). This is a generic property which is in sharp contrast with the usual attributes of Wigner functions that make them useful candidates to display the existence of quantum coherence through oscillations. However, it is possible to find subsets of cat states with a natural phase-space representation, in which the oscillatory regions remain localized. We show that this can be done for interesting families of stabilizer states used in quantum error-correcting codes, and illustrate this...
Geometry of discrete quantum computing
Hanson, Andrew J.; Ortiz, Gerardo; Sabry, Amr; Tai, Yu-Tsung
2013-05-01
Conventional quantum computing entails a geometry based on the description of an n-qubit state using 2n infinite precision complex numbers denoting a vector in a Hilbert space. Such numbers are in general uncomputable using any real-world resources, and, if we have the idea of physical law as some kind of computational algorithm of the universe, we would be compelled to alter our descriptions of physics to be consistent with computable numbers. Our purpose here is to examine the geometric implications of using finite fields Fp and finite complexified fields \\mathbf {F}_{p^2} (based on primes p congruent to 3 (mod4)) as the basis for computations in a theory of discrete quantum computing, which would therefore become a computable theory. Because the states of a discrete n-qubit system are in principle enumerable, we are able to determine the proportions of entangled and unentangled states. In particular, we extend the Hopf fibration that defines the irreducible state space of conventional continuous n-qubit theories (which is the complex projective space \\mathbf {CP}^{2^{n}-1}) to an analogous discrete geometry in which the Hopf circle for any n is found to be a discrete set of p + 1 points. The tally of unit-length n-qubit states is given, and reduced via the generalized Hopf fibration to \\mathbf {DCP}^{2^{n}-1}, the discrete analogue of the complex projective space, which has p^{2^{n}-1} (p-1)\\,\\prod _{k=1}^{n-1} ( p^{2^{k}}+1) irreducible states. Using a measure of entanglement, the purity, we explore the entanglement features of discrete quantum states and find that the n-qubit states based on the complexified field \\mathbf {F}_{p^2} have pn(p - 1)n unentangled states (the product of the tally for a single qubit) with purity 1, and they have pn + 1(p - 1)(p + 1)n - 1 maximally entangled states with purity zero.
Aza-Michael Mono-addition Using Acidic Alumina under Solventless Conditions
Giovanna Bosica
2016-06-01
Full Text Available Aza-Michael reactions between primary aliphatic and aromatic amines and various Michael acceptors have been performed under environmentally-friendly solventless conditions using acidic alumina as a heterogeneous catalyst to selectively obtain the corresponding mono-adducts in high yields. Ethyl acrylate was the main acceptor used, although others such as acrylonitrile, methyl acrylate and acrylamide were also utilized successfully. Bi-functional amines also gave the mono-adducts in good to excellent yields. Such compounds can serve as intermediates for the synthesis of anti-cancer and antibiotic drugs.
Michael Goodsite gæsteprofessor på Thunderbird School of Global Management
Pedersen, Jens Christian
2010-01-01
Professor Michael Goodsite er blevet udnævnt til "Visiting Professor of Global Processes and Senior Research Fellow in Climate Strategy" ved Thunderbird School of Global Management, som har verdens højst rangerede MBA uddannelse inden for international handel.......Professor Michael Goodsite er blevet udnævnt til "Visiting Professor of Global Processes and Senior Research Fellow in Climate Strategy" ved Thunderbird School of Global Management, som har verdens højst rangerede MBA uddannelse inden for international handel....
Beyond the techno-thriller: Michael Crichton and societal issues in science and technology
Stengler, E.
2015-01-01
Michael Crichton is primarily known for being an outstanding writer of techno-thrillers and co-creator of the genre. In this paper I suggest that his fictional works can and should be considered under the deeper and wider perspective of his concern for societal issues regarding science and technology with a profound consideration of their effects and on the life of people and the development of society.\\ud \\ud In fact this defining feature of his work is inclusive of numerous works by Michael...
Thibault E. Schmid
2015-12-01
Full Text Available The copper-catalyzed asymmetric conjugate addition (ACA of nucleophiles onto polyenic Michael acceptors represents an attractive and powerful methodology for the synthesis of relevant chiral molecules, as it enables in a straightforward manner the sequential generation of two or more stereogenic centers. In the last decade, various chiral copper-based catalysts were evaluated in combination with different nucleophiles and Michael acceptors, and have unambiguously demonstrated their usefulness in the control of the regio- and enantioselectivity of the addition. The aim of this review is to report recent breakthroughs achieved in this challenging field.
Hany J. Al-Najjar
2014-01-01
Full Text Available An efficient method for the synthesis of a variety of pyrimidine derivatives 3a–t by reaction of barbituric acids 1a,b as Michael donor with nitroalkenes 2a–k as Michael acceptor using an aqueous medium and diethylamine is described. This 1,4-addition strategy offers several advantages, such as using an economic and environmentally benign reaction media, high yields, versatility, and shorter reaction times. The synthesized compounds were identified by 1H-NMR, 13C-NMR, CHN, IR, and MS. The structure of compound 3a was further confirmed by single crystal X-ray structure determination.
DISCRETE ROTATIONS AND CELLULAR AUTOMATA
Nouvel, Bertrand
2006-01-01
In a discrete space, such as the set of integer-coordinate points, the modelization of isotropy may lead to noticeable theoretical difficulties. At this time, we do not know any gerometric theory on $\\ZZ^n$ that would be suitable to describe the isotropy the same way it is perceived by Euclidean geometry. With respect to this problematic, our aim is to describe some algorithms that would give to the discrete rotations some properties that would be similar to the properties of the Euclidean ro...
Stable discrete surface light bullets.
Mihalache, Dumitru; Mazilu, Dumitru; Lederer, Falk; Kivshar, Yuri S
2007-01-22
We analyze spatiotemporal light localization near the edge of a semi-infinite array of weakly coupled nonlinear optical waveguides and demonstrate the existence of a novel class of continuous-discrete spatiotemporal solitons, the so-called discrete surface light bullets. We show that their properties are strongly affected by the presence of the surface. To this end the crossover between surface and quasi-bulk bullets is studied by analyzing the families of solitons propagating at different distances from the edge of the waveguide array.
Discrete Hamiltonian for General Relativity
Ziprick, Jonathan
2015-01-01
Beginning from canonical general relativity written in terms of Ashtekar variables, we derive a discrete phase space with a physical Hamiltonian for gravity. The key idea is to define the gravitational fields within a complex of three-dimensional cells such that the dynamics is completely described by discrete boundary variables, and the full theory is recovered in the continuum limit. Canonical quantization is attainable within the loop quantum gravity framework, and we believe this will lead to a promising candidate for quantum gravity.
Integrated communication of VI design in the dining space%VI设计在餐饮空间中的整合传播
辛介方
2013-01-01
In the new market economy environment, the dining space culture, regional, theme, have become the catering industry trend.Using VI to design and enhance quality, improve enterprise management, the integration of image communication, create brand, increase brand awareness has become a modern people constantly explore the topic, combinate VI visual identification of indoor space environment, can enhance the brand image of dining space.% 在新的市场经济环境下，餐饮空间的文化性、地域性、主题性已经成为餐饮业的潮流所趋。利用VI设计提升品位、改善企业经营、整合形象传播、创建品牌，提升品牌认知度已经成为现代人不断探讨的话题，室内空间环境与VI的形象视觉识别结合，可以提升餐饮空间的品牌形象。
Some discrete multiple orthogonal polynomials
Arvesú, J.; Coussement, J.; van Assche, W.
2003-04-01
In this paper, we extend the theory of discrete orthogonal polynomials (on a linear lattice) to polynomials satisfying orthogonality conditions with respect to r positive discrete measures. First we recall the known results of the classical orthogonal polynomials of Charlier, Meixner, Kravchuk and Hahn (T.S. Chihara, An Introduction to Orthogonal Polynomials, Gordon and Breach, New York, 1978; R. Koekoek and R.F. Swarttouw, Reports of the Faculty of Technical Mathematics and Informatics No. 98-17, Delft, 1998; A.F. Nikiforov et al., Classical Orthogonal Polynomials of a Discrete Variable, Springer, Berlin, 1991). These polynomials have a lowering and raising operator, which give rise to a Rodrigues formula, a second order difference equation, and an explicit expression from which the coefficients of the three-term recurrence relation can be obtained. Then we consider r positive discrete measures and define two types of multiple orthogonal polynomials. The continuous case (Jacobi, Laguerre, Hermite, etc.) was studied by Van Assche and Coussement (J. Comput. Appl. Math. 127 (2001) 317-347) and Aptekarev et al. (Multiple orthogonal polynomials for classical weights, manuscript). The families of multiple orthogonal polynomials (of type II) that we will study have a raising operator and hence a Rodrigues formula. This will give us an explicit formula for the polynomials. Finally, there also exists a recurrence relation of order r+1 for these multiple orthogonal polynomials of type II. We compute the coefficients of the recurrence relation explicitly when r=2.
Solving discrete zero point problems
van der Laan, G.; Talman, A.J.J.; Yang, Z.F.
2004-01-01
In this paper an algorithm is proposed to .nd a discrete zero point of a function on the collection of integral points in the n-dimensional Euclidean space IRn.Starting with a given integral point, the algorithm generates a .nite sequence of adjacent integral simplices of varying dimension and termi
A nonlocal discretization of fields
Campos, R G; Pimentel, L O; Campos, Rafael G.; Tututi, Eduardo S.
2001-01-01
A nonlocal method to obtain discrete classical fields is presented. This technique relies on well-behaved matrix representations of the derivatives constructed on a non--equispaced lattice. The drawbacks of lattice theory like the fermion doubling or the breaking of chiral symmetry for the massless case, are absent in this method.
Discrete breathers in Josephson ladders
Trias, E.; Mazo, J.J.; Brinkman, A.; Orlando, T.P.
2001-01-01
We present a study of nonlinear localized excitations called discrete breathers in a superconducting array. These localized solutions were recently observed in Josephson-junction ladder arrays by two different experimental groups [Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 (2000) 741; Phys. Rev. Lett. 84 (2000) 745; Phys.
Discrete implementations of scale transform
Djurdjanovic, Dragan; Williams, William J.; Koh, Christopher K.
1999-11-01
Scale as a physical quantity is a recently developed concept. The scale transform can be viewed as a special case of the more general Mellin transform and its mathematical properties are very applicable in the analysis and interpretation of the signals subject to scale changes. A number of single-dimensional applications of scale concept have been made in speech analysis, processing of biological signals, machine vibration analysis and other areas. Recently, the scale transform was also applied in multi-dimensional signal processing and used for image filtering and denoising. Discrete implementation of the scale transform can be carried out using logarithmic sampling and the well-known fast Fourier transform. Nevertheless, in the case of the uniformly sampled signals, this implementation involves resampling. An algorithm not involving resampling of the uniformly sampled signals has been derived too. In this paper, a modification of the later algorithm for discrete implementation of the direct scale transform is presented. In addition, similar concept was used to improve a recently introduced discrete implementation of the inverse scale transform. Estimation of the absolute discretization errors showed that the modified algorithms have a desirable property of yielding a smaller region of possible error magnitudes. Experimental results are obtained using artificial signals as well as signals evoked from the temporomandibular joint. In addition, discrete implementations for the separable two-dimensional direct and inverse scale transforms are derived. Experiments with image restoration and scaling through two-dimensional scale domain using the novel implementation of the separable two-dimensional scale transform pair are presented.
2013-01-31
... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program....'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program, VA Form 10.... Abstract: VA Form 10-0476 will be used to gather feedback from patients regarding their satisfaction...
2012-11-19
... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program.... This notice solicits comments on information needed to determine patients' satisfaction with services... information technology. Title: Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program, VA Form...
2011-01-05
... AFFAIRS Proposed Information Collection (Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E. DeBakey Home Care Program.... 2900-New (VA Form 10-0476).'' SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION: Title: Patient Satisfaction Survey Michael E... Review: New collection. Abstract: VA Form 10-0476 will be used to gather feedback from patients...
Chen, Jia-Rong; Fu, Liang; Zou, You-Quan; Chang, Ning-Jie; Rong, Jian; Xiao, Wen-Jing
2011-07-21
A series of chiral pyrrolidinyl-sulfamide derivatives have been identified as efficient bifunctional organocatalysts for the direct Michael addition of cyclohexanone to a wide range of nitroalkenes. The desired Michael adducts were obtained in high chemical yields and excellent stereoselectivities (up to 99/1 dr and 95% ee).
Michael Shaffer, 6th July 1936 to 23rd March 2009: A heartfelt tribute
Mr. Michael Shaffer, Retired Pyraloidea Curator, at the Natural History Museum, London, England, passed away on March 23, 2009. He was an acknowledged world expert on Pyraloidea, a group of agriculturally important moths. He was curator of the largest Pyraloidea type collection in the world, and a...
Michael Corleone's Destiny——From the perspective of interpersonal metafunction to analyze Godfather
胡爱洁
2010-01-01
Godfather is Maria Puzo's famous long story. Maria Puzo presented us the unknown Italians-American's life with underworld background. Although many comments from different perspectives have been made, few studies are made. with Halliday's framework. This paper is an attempt to study the destiny of Michael Corleone from the perspective of interpersonal metafunction in systemic functional linguistis.
Training and Mastery of Techniques in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy: A Response to Michael Luntley
Stickney, Jeff
2008-01-01
Responding to Michael Luntley's article, "Learning, Empowerment and Judgement," the author shows he cannot successfully make the following three moves: (1) dissolve the analytic distinction between learning by training and learning by reasoning, while advocating the latter; (2) diminish the role of training in Wittgenstein's philosophy, nor…
Wolff-Michael Roth's passibility: at the limits of the constructivist metaphor: a book review
Brendel, Michelle
2014-12-01
Wolff-Michael Roth deconstructs the preeminent role conceded to constructivism in Science Education and demonstrates how we learn and know through pain, suffering, love or passion. This review explores his book "Passibility: At the Limits of the Constructivist Metaphor" through the eyes of an outsider to the world of science education.
F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); A.A. van Prooijen
1992-01-01
textabstractThis article extends the debate begun in the June 1992 issue of EMJ when the authors first criticized Michael Porter's explanatory framework in his Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990), over the role of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations. In this paper, Frans van
Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.
Welton, Michael R.
This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…
From Gouldner to Gramsci: The Making of Michael Apple's "Ideology and Curriculum"
Gottesman, Isaac
2012-01-01
Michael Apple's "Ideology and Curriculum", published in 1979, helped initiate a broad turn in the field of education in the United States to Marxist thought as a lens through which to analyze the relationship between school and society. This classic text continues to inform scholarship in the field. While "Ideology" has…
Ytterbium triflate catalyzed Michael additions of beta-ketoesters in water
Keller, E; Feringa, BL
1996-01-01
Michael addition of various beta-ketoesters towards enones and alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes resulted in a quantitative conversion to the corresponding 1,4-adducts by performing the reactions in water in the presence of ytterbium triflate as a water-tolerant Lewis acid.
Highly efficient ytterbium triflate catalyzed Michael additions of alpha-nitroesters in water
Keller, E; Feringa, B.L.
Michael additions of alpha-nitroesters with enones and alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes result in quantitative conversions to the corresponding 1,4-adducts by performing the reactions in water in the presence of ytterbium triflate as water-tolerant Lewis acid.
Novel chiral thioureas for highly enantioselective Michael reactions of malonates to nitroalkenes
Li Jun Yan; Quan Zhong Liu; Xue Lian Wang
2009-01-01
Highly efficient Michael addition reactions of malonates to nitroalkenes catalyzed by novel chiral thioureas derived from optically pure BINOL and amino acids are reported. Various trans-nitroalkenes reacted with malonates affording the desired products in up to 95% yield with excellent enantioselectivities (up to 97% ee).
On the study of culture and mind: Interview with Prof. Michael Cole
Glaveanu, Vlad Petre
2011-01-01
the two. And yet, as Professor Michael Cole and, more broadly, cultural psychologists would argue: there is no way of making sense of one if we disregard the other. Culture and mind constitute each other through action and communication and it is their intricate relationship that holds the key...
F.A.J. van den Bosch (Frans); A.A. van Prooijen
1992-01-01
textabstractThis article extends the debate begun in the June 1992 issue of EMJ when the authors first criticized Michael Porter's explanatory framework in his Competitive Advantage of Nations (1990), over the role of national culture on the competitive advantage of nations. In this paper, Frans van
KF-Montmorillonite-catalyzed Michael Addition Reaction of Malononitrile to α,β-Unsaturated Ketones
SHI Daqing; WU Nan; ZHUANG Qiya
2009-01-01
The Michael addition reaction of α,β-unsaturated ketones with malononitrile catalyzed by KF-montmorillonite was investigated. It was interesting to note that at different reaction temperatures the addition and cycloaddition re-action products were obtained. This method has the advantages of good yields, mild reaction conditions, easy work-up and inexpensive reagents over the existing procedures.
SYNTHESIS OF SOME PROLINE DERIVATIVES BY MEANS OF MICHAEL ADDITIONS OF GLYCINE ESTERS
VANDERWERF, A; KELLOGG, RM
1991-01-01
Addition of the Schiff bases derived from reaction of glycine alkyl esters with benzophenoneimine to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, followed by hydrogenation of the addition products, leads to 5- or 3,5-substituted prolines. Hydrolysis of the Michael adducts rather than hydrogenation allows
2013-11-20
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Michael Canales v. Edison International, EIX, Southern California Edison; Notice of Complaint Take notice that on November 11, 2013, pursuant to sections 205, 206, and 301 of the Federal Power Act (FPA), 16 U.S.C....
Michael Eric Dyson: A Scholar and a Hip-Hop Preacher.
Fletcher, Michael A.
2000-01-01
Introduces Michael Eric Dyson, an African American man who grew up in the ghetto and eventually received a PhD from Princeton University. Today, he is a professor at DePaul University, the author of a radically revisionist new biography of Martin Luther King, Jr., a lecturer and talk show guest, a Baptist preacher, and a self-styled hip-hop…
A Metal-Ligand Cooperative Pathway for Intermolecular Oxa-Michael Additions to Unsaturated Nitriles
Perdriau, Sebastien; Zijlstra, Douwe S.; Heeres, Hero J.; de Vries, Johannes G.; Otten, Edwin
2015-01-01
An unprecedented catalytic pathway for oxa-Michael addition reactions of alcohols to unsaturated nitriles has been revealed using a PNN pincer ruthenium catalyst with a dearomatized pyridine backbone. The isolation of a catalytically competent Ru-dieneamido complex from the reaction between the Ru
How to move things around a hospital: transport logistics at St. Michael's.
Yau, A; Zorn, R; McLaughlin, J
1998-01-01
Ongoing fiscal restraint challenges hospitals to focus their resources primarily on core services. Support services receive much less attention. This article describes the experience of Toronto's St. Michael's Hospital when it re-engineered its transport logistics by consolidating centralized support services into a logistics department and creating new roles and processes to enhance patient care.
Moral Education and Education in Altruism: Two Replies to Michael Hand
White, John
2016-01-01
This article is a critical discussion of two recent papers by Michael Hand on moral education. The first is his "Towards a Theory of Moral Education", published in the "Journal of Philosophy of Education" in 2014 (Volume 48, Issue 4). The second is a chapter called "Beyond Moral Education?" in an edited book of new…
Dell, M
1998-01-01
Michael Dell started his computer company in 1984 with a simple business insight. He could bypass the dealer channel through which personal computers were then being sold and sell directly to customers, building products to order. Dell's direct model eliminated the dealer's markup and the risks associated with carrying large inventories of finished goods. In this interview, Michael Dell provides a detailed description of how his company is pushing that business model one step further, toward what he calls virtual integration. Dell is using technology and information to blur the traditional boundaries in the value chain between suppliers, manufacturers, and customers. The individual pieces of Dell's strategy--customer focus, supplier partnerships, mass customization, just-in-time manufacturing--may be all be familiar. But Michael Dell's business insight into how to combine them is highly innovative. Direct relationships with customers create valuable information, which in turn allows the company to coordinate its entire value chain back through manufacturing to product design. Dell describes how his company has come to achieve this tight coordination without the "drag effect" of ownership. Dell reaps the advantages of being vertically integrated without incurring the costs, all the while achieving the focus, agility, and speed of a virtual organization. As envisioned by Michael Dell, virtual integration may well become a new organizational model for the information age.
SYNTHESIS OF SOME PROLINE DERIVATIVES BY MEANS OF MICHAEL ADDITIONS OF GLYCINE ESTERS
VANDERWERF, A; KELLOGG, RM
1991-01-01
Addition of the Schiff bases derived from reaction of glycine alkyl esters with benzophenoneimine to alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones, followed by hydrogenation of the addition products, leads to 5- or 3,5-substituted prolines. Hydrolysis of the Michael adducts rather than hydrogenation allows synthes
Allen, Martin
2013-01-01
Well before the examinations grade crisis of 2012, Michael Gove had set out clear intentions for reforming public examinations. Though he claimed to be improving examinations and assessment by replicating practices that took place in high-performing countries and thus improving the ability of the UK economy to "compete", this…
Noted astrophysicist Michael S. Turner to Head NSF'S mathematical and physical sciences directorate
2003-01-01
"The National Science Foundation has named celebrated astrophysicist Michael S. Turner of the University of Chicago as Assistant Director for Mathematical and Physical Sciences. He will head a $1 billion directorate that supports research in mathematics, physics, chemistry, materials and astronomy, as well as multidisciplinary programs and education" (1/2 page).
Guanidinium Lactate Ionic Liquid:An Efficient and Recycling Catalyst for Michael Addition Reaction
LIANG Da-peng; XIN Xin; GAO Han; DUAN Hai-feng; LIN Ying-jie
2009-01-01
A facile and efficient 1,4-conjungate addition(Michael addition) reaction of active methylene compounds to a,β-unsaturated compounds,catalyzed by guanidinium lactate ionic liquid(IL9),has been developed.A range of chaicones and nitroaikenes together with active methylene compounds have been converted smoothly to the corresponding products in high yields.
Kwon, Ki-Hyeok; Serrano, Catherine M; Koch, Michael; Barrows, Louis R; Looper, Ryan E
2014-12-05
A cascade silver(I)-catalyzed hydroamination/Michael addition sequence has been developed to deliver highly substituted bicyclic guanidines. This transformation gives rise to geometrically and constitutionally stable ene-guanidines and generates a remote stereocenter with moderate to high diastereoselectivity.
Aza-Michael reaction of 12-N-carboxamide of (-)-cytisine under high pressure conditions.
Tsypysheva, Inna P; Lobov, Alexander N; Kovalskaya, Alena V; Petrova, Polina R; Ivanov, Sergey P; Rameev, Shamil A; Borisevich, Sophia S; Safiullin, Rustam L; Yunusov, Marat S
2015-01-01
The first example of aza-Michael reaction of 12-N-carboxamide of quinolizidine alkaloid (-)-cytisine with α,β-unsaturated ketones, dimethyl acetylenedicarboxylate and β-nitrostyrene under high pressure condition has been described. It has been shown that the [4+2]-cycloaddition takes place in the case with N-phenylmaleimide.
Little Mosie from the Margaree: A Biography of Moses Michael Coady.
Welton, Michael R.
This book examines the life of the Reverend Moses Michael Coady (1890-1959), a Roman Catholic priest who led the Antigonish Movement. During the Antigonish Movement, residents of the small maritime town of Antigonish, Nova Scotia, worked to achieve a nonviolent alternative to communism and fascism and to effect the social and economic…
Lattanzi, Alessandra
2012-01-01
A dramatic enhancement of the diastereo- and enantioselectivity in the nitro-Michael addition reaction organocatalysed by a commercially available α,α-l-diaryl prolinol was disclosed when performing the reaction in unconventional hexafluorobenzene as a medium. DFT calculations were performed to clarify the origin of stereoselectivity and the role of C 6F 6. © The Royal Society of Chemistry 2012.
Michael Pressley's Contributions to the History and Future of Strategies Research
Harris, Karen R.; Alexander, Patricia; Graham, Steve
2008-01-01
The history of strategies research during the past quarter century has been a story of significant conceptualizations and reconceptualizations regarding the nature, development, and teaching of cognitive and metacognitive strategies. Theoretical models, empirical research, and discussions contributed by Michael Pressley have been central to…
Outside in America: George Michael's music video, public sex and global pop culture
Kooijman, J.
2004-01-01
Six months after his controversial arrest for ‘lewd conduct’ at a men’s public restroom in Beverly Hills, British pop star George Michael released the song and music video ‘Outside’ which can be seen as an explicit commentary on the controversy. In this article, I read the music video in three ways:
2004-01-01
<正>Invited by the CPAFFC, Michael Cohrs, Chief Executive Officer of the Corporate and Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank, visited Beijing from February 26 to 28, 2004. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan of the State Council met with Cohrs and his party. Deutsche Bank AG, a global multipurpose bank
Comer, Debra R.; Cooper, Elizabeth A.
1998-01-01
Describes how to use Michael Crichton's novel "Disclosure" and the film based on it for class discussions of such issues as what constitutes sexual harassment, harassment of men, relationship between sexual harassment and power, organizational responses to harassment, and gender differences in career advancement tactics. (SK)
Briti ekspert : euroliidus kaob Eestist tööpuudus / Michael Richardson ; interv. Airi Ilisson
Richardson, Michael
2003-01-01
Eestis Suurbritannia tööreformi tutvustava töö- ja sotsiaalnõuniku sõnul on Suurbritannias peaaegu kadunud pikaajaline töötus noorte hulgas, vanematest inimestest on vaid üksikud tööta kauem kui aasta. Vt. samas: Kes on Michael Richardson?
Clark, John A.
2006-01-01
Postmodernism has established a significant hold in educational thought and some of the most important ideas are to be found in the writings of Michael Peters. This paper examines his postmodern stance and use of Lyotard's account of knowledge, and from a naturalist point of view raises a number of objections centred on science as a metanarrative,…
Schools as "Poetry-Friendly Places": Michael Rosen on Poetry in the Curriculum
Xerri, Daniel
2014-01-01
This article explores the views of children's poet Michael Rosen in relation to poetry in education. It is based on an interview in which Rosen not only discusses the significance of encouraging young people to engage with poetry at school but also analyzes a number of threats to poetry's place in the English curriculum. This article identifies…
Training and Mastery of Techniques in Wittgenstein's Later Philosophy: A Response to Michael Luntley
Stickney, Jeff
2008-01-01
Responding to Michael Luntley's article, "Learning, Empowerment and Judgement," the author shows he cannot successfully make the following three moves: (1) dissolve the analytic distinction between learning by training and learning by reasoning, while advocating the latter; (2) diminish the role of training in Wittgenstein's philosophy, nor…
Subjectivity and Cultural Adjustment in Mathematics Education: A Response to Wolff-Michael Roth
Brown, Tony
2012-01-01
In this volume, Wolff-Michael Roth provides a critical but partial reading of Tony Brown's book "Mathematics Education and Subjectivity". The reading contrasts Brown's approach with Roth's own conception of subjectivity as derived from the work of Vygotsky, in which Roth aims to "reunite" psychology and sociology. Brown's book, however, focuses on…
Enzymatic carbon-carbon bond-forming Michael-type additions
Geertsema, Edzard; Poelarends, Gerrit; Faber, Kurt; Fessner, Wolf-Dieter; Turner, Nicholas
2014-01-01
This chapter gives an overview of practical biocatalytic procedures for C-C bond-forming Michael(-type) additions suitable for organic synthesis purposes. Reported product yields, workup and isolation methods, stereoselectivity, and availability of the applied enzymes are assessed. All methodologies
Kunstlik viljastamine - kas rahva püsimajäämise võti? / Michael Cook
Cook, Michael
2007-01-01
Kunstlikust viljastamisest pole üksi abi - vaid siis, kui noored mehed ja naised pööravad selja tarbimiskultusele ja individualismile, hakkab sündimus tõusma taastootmisest kõrgemale, kirjutab BioEdge toimetaja Michael Cook
Schein, Jeffrey; Caplan, Eric
2014-01-01
The thoughts of Mordecai Kaplan and Michael Rosenak present surprising commonalities as well as illuminating differences. Similarities include the perception that Judaism and Jewish education are in crisis, the belief that Jewish peoplehood must include commitment to meaningful content, the need for teachers to teach from a position of…
Michael Perelman: An ecological future in view of Marxist Economics (Ⅱ)
Ren Xiaomei
2009-01-01
@@ Interviewee profile: Michael Perelman, currently professor of Economics Department of California State University, USA, American economist and economic historian with nearly 20 publications in the field of economics criticism, including Railroading Economics, Manufacturing Discontent, The Perverse Economy, and The Invention of Capitalism.
Neuroscientific Investigator of High Mathematical Ability: An Interview with Michael W. O'Boyle
Kalbfleisch, M. Layne
2008-01-01
This article presents an interview with Michael W. O'Boyle, a neuroscientific investigator of high mathematical ability. O'Boyle is a professor in the Department of Human Development and Family Studies, Texas Tech University, and Adjunct Professor of Pharmacology and Neuroscience, School of Medicine, Texas Tech University Health Sciences Center.…
A tribute to Michael R. Raupach for contributions to aeolian fluid dynamics
Since the early work of Bagnold in the 1940s, aeolian research has grown to become a major integral part of earth-system studies. Many individuals have contributed to this development, and Dr. Michael R. Raupach (MR2, 1950 – 2015) was one of the most outstanding. MR2 worked for about a decade (1985 ...
Synthesis of β3-Amino Acids via Catalyst- and Solvent-Free Aza-Michael Reaction
2008-01-01
A safe, environmentally friendly and cost-effective method for the synthesis of β-amino acid derivatives has been developed. Treatment of α,β-unsaturated compounds with aliphatic amines furnishes β-amino acid derivatives in good to excellent yields via a catalyst- and solvent-free aza-Michael addition.
What Work Do the Concepts of "Language" and "Literature" Do for Michael Rosenak?
Levisohn, Jon A.
2014-01-01
Michael Rosenak uses the twin metaphors of "language" and "literature," borrowed from Oakeshott and Peters, to argue that the goal of education is initiation into a language. This goal transcends the study of literature in that language. It includes, as well, the development of the capacity both to critique literature and to…
Book Review of "The Molecular Biology of Cancer" by Stella Pelengaris, Michael Khan (Editors
Schmidt Christian
2007-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract Here, a review of "The Molecular Biology of Cancer" (Stella Pelengaris and Michael Khan [Editors] is given. The detailed description of the book is provided here: Pelengaris S, Khan M (Eds: The Molecular Biology of Cancer; Blackwell Publishing, Oxford (U.K.; 2006. 531 pages, 214 illustrations, ISBN 9-78140-511-814-9, £31.99.
Highly efficient ytterbium triflate catalyzed Michael additions of alpha-nitroesters in water
Keller, E; Feringa, B.L.
1997-01-01
Michael additions of alpha-nitroesters with enones and alpha,beta-unsaturated aldehydes result in quantitative conversions to the corresponding 1,4-adducts by performing the reactions in water in the presence of ytterbium triflate as water-tolerant Lewis acid.
Outside in America: George Michael's music video, public sex and global pop culture
Kooijman, J.
2004-01-01
Six months after his controversial arrest for ‘lewd conduct’ at a men’s public restroom in Beverly Hills, British pop star George Michael released the song and music video ‘Outside’ which can be seen as an explicit commentary on the controversy. In this article, I read the music video in three ways:
Michael Faraday on the Learning of Science and Attitudes of Mind.
Crawford, Elspeth
1998-01-01
Makes use of Michael Faraday's ideas on learning, focusing on his attitudes toward the unknowns of science and the development of an attitude that improves scientific decision making. This approach acknowledges that there is an inner struggle involved in facing unknowns. (DDR)
Discrete Multiscale Analysis: A Biatomic Lattice System
Contra, G A Cassatella; 10.1142/S1402925110000957
2010-01-01
We discuss a discrete approach to the multiscale reductive perturbative method and apply it to a biatomic chain with a nonlinear interaction between the atoms. This system is important to describe the time evolution of localized solitonic excitations. We require that also the reduced equation be discrete. To do so coherently we need to discretize the time variable to be able to get asymptotic discrete waves and carry out a discrete multiscale expansion around them. Our resulting nonlinear equation will be a kind of discrete Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger equation. If we make its continuum limit, we obtain the standard Nonlinear Schr\\"odinger differential equation.
Christensen, Kaj Aage Sparle
Hvis du tit har smerter og andre fysiske symptomer - og lægen har svært ved at finde ud af, hvad du fejler - kan det være, du har en funktionel lidelse. Funktionel lidelse betyder, at kroppen reagerer medsymptomer, når du er udsat for psykiske belastninger. Symptomerne er lige så virkelige og...
Shatalov, M
2009-05-01
Full Text Available stream_source_info Shatalov2_2009.pdf.txt stream_content_type text/plain stream_size 22572 Content-Encoding UTF-8 stream_name Shatalov2_2009.pdf.txt Content-Type text/plain; charset=UTF-8 1 DYNAMICS OF ROTATING... AND VIBRATING THIN HEMISPHERICAL SHELL WITH MASS AND DAMPING IMPERFECTIONS AND PARAMETRICALLY DRIVEN BY DISCRETE ELECTRODES Michael Shatalov1,2 and Charlotta Coetzee2 1Sensor Science and Technology (SST) of CSIR Material Science and Manufacturing (MSM...
Discrete Gauge Symmetries in Discrete MSSM-like Orientifolds
Ibanez, L E; Uranga, A M
2012-01-01
Motivated by the necessity of discrete Z_N symmetries in the MSSM to insure baryon stability, we study the origin of discrete gauge symmetries from open string sector U(1)'s in orientifolds based on rational conformal field theory. By means of an explicit construction, we find an integral basis for the couplings of axions and U(1) factors for all simple current MIPFs and orientifolds of all 168 Gepner models, a total of 32990 distinct cases. We discuss how the presence of discrete symmetries surviving as a subgroup of broken U(1)'s can be derived using this basis. We apply this procedure to models with MSSM chiral spectrum, concretely to all known U(3)xU(2)xU(1)xU(1) and U(3)xSp(2)xU(1)xU(1) configurations with chiral bi-fundamentals, but no chiral tensors, as well as some SU(5) GUT models. We find examples of models with Z_2 (R-parity) and Z_3 symmetries that forbid certain B and/or L violating MSSM couplings. Their presence is however relatively rare, at the level of a few percent of all cases.
Discrete gauge symmetries in discrete MSSM-like orientifolds
Ibáñez, L. E.; Schellekens, A. N.; Uranga, A. M.
2012-12-01
Motivated by the necessity of discrete ZN symmetries in the MSSM to insure baryon stability, we study the origin of discrete gauge symmetries from open string sector U(1)'s in orientifolds based on rational conformal field theory. By means of an explicit construction, we find an integral basis for the couplings of axions and U(1) factors for all simple current MIPFs and orientifolds of all 168 Gepner models, a total of 32 990 distinct cases. We discuss how the presence of discrete symmetries surviving as a subgroup of broken U(1)'s can be derived using this basis. We apply this procedure to models with MSSM chiral spectrum, concretely to all known U(3)×U(2)×U(1)×U(1) and U(3)×Sp(2)×U(1)×U(1) configurations with chiral bi-fundamentals, but no chiral tensors, as well as some SU(5) GUT models. We find examples of models with Z2 (R-parity) and Z3 symmetries that forbid certain B and/or L violating MSSM couplings. Their presence is however relatively rare, at the level of a few percent of all cases.
基于实证分析的拉萨市游客餐饮消费行为研究%Tourist Dining Behavior in Lhasa City
王灵恩; 成升魁; 李群绩; 徐增让
2013-01-01
游客餐饮消费是游客“食、宿、行、游、购、娱”之首,是旅游消费的重要组成部分.对游客餐饮消费进行实证分析,进一步研究旅游者消费行为规律、需求特征,剖析游客餐饮存在的问题,有助于推动旅游目的地游客餐饮的健康、可持续发展,促进旅游目的地产业结构升级.以拉萨为例,运用游客问卷调查法和餐饮场所实地调研法,基于EXCEL与SPSS软件的统计分析,研究了旅游目的地游客餐饮消费行为规律和特点.从就餐方式、消费偏好、消费支出和游客餐饮浪费等方面探讨游客餐饮消费行为特征及其对拉萨游客餐饮消费感知态度.在此基础上,提出拉萨市游客餐饮发展的有关对策与建议.%Tourism catering consumption is the first part tourist activity in the 'food, lodging, transportation, travel, shopping and entertainment' cycle and an important part of tourism consumption. Research in this area promotes the health and sustainable development of the tourist catering industry. Here, we explore tourism catering consumption in Lhasa using questionnaires given to visitors and field research of dining options. We first review domestic and international research on tourism catering consumption, and explore tourist catering consumption behavior from the perspective of dining ways, consumer preferences, consumer behavior and catering waste. We found that the main tourists catering consumption in Lhasa was via ordering meals personally and independently. Dining methods were closely related to the travel purpose and types of tourists. Introduction by friends was the dominant sources of catering consumption information, followed by the network and brochures. Sichuan food was a major part of tourist catering consumption in Lhasa, followed by Tibetan foods and regional cuisines of neighboring provinces. The proportion of non-Chinese food consumption was low. Certain problems have constrained Lhasa tourism and
Discretizing a backward stochastic differential equation
Yinnan Zhang; Weian Zheng
2002-01-01
We show a simple method to discretize Pardoux-Peng's nonlinear backward stochastic differential equation. This discretization scheme also gives a numerical method to solve a class of semi-linear PDEs.
Discrete and Continuous Linearizable Equations
Lafortune, S; Ramani, A
1998-01-01
We study the projective systems in both continuous and discrete settings. These systems are linearizable by construction and thus, obviously, integrable. We show that in the continuous case it is possible to eliminate all variables but one and reduce the system to a single differential equation. This equation is of the form of those singled-out by Painlevé in his quest for integrable forms. In the discrete case, we extend previous results of ours showing that, again by elimination of variables, the general projective system can be written as a mapping for a single variable. We show that this mapping is a member of the family of multilinear systems (which is not integrable in general). The continuous limit of multilinear mappings is also discussed.
Discrete mathematics using a computer
Hall, Cordelia
2000-01-01
Several areas of mathematics find application throughout computer science, and all students of computer science need a practical working understanding of them. These core subjects are centred on logic, sets, recursion, induction, relations and functions. The material is often called discrete mathematics, to distinguish it from the traditional topics of continuous mathematics such as integration and differential equations. The central theme of this book is the connection between computing and discrete mathematics. This connection is useful in both directions: • Mathematics is used in many branches of computer science, in applica tions including program specification, datastructures,design and analysis of algorithms, database systems, hardware design, reasoning about the correctness of implementations, and much more; • Computers can help to make the mathematics easier to learn and use, by making mathematical terms executable, making abstract concepts more concrete, and through the use of software tools su...
Discrete Scalar Quantum Field Theory
Gudder, Stan
2016-01-01
We begin with a description of spacetime by a 4-dimensional cubic lattice $\\sscript$. It follows from this framework that the the speed of light is the only nonzero instantaneous speed for a particle. The dual space $\\sscripthat$ corresponds to a cubic lattice of energy-momentum. This description implies that there is a discrete set of possible particle masses. We then define discrete scalar quantum fields on $\\sscript$. These fields are employed to define interaction Hamiltonians and scattering operators. Although the scattering operator $S$ cannot be computed exactly, approximations are possible. Whether $S$ is unitary is an unsolved problem. Besides the definitions of these operators, our main assumption is conservation of energy-momentum for a scattering process. This article concludes with various examples of perturbation approximations. These include simplified versions of electron-electron and electron-proton scattering as well as simple decay processes. We also define scattering cross-sections, decay ...
Discrete fields on the lightcone
De Souza, M M
1997-01-01
We introduce a classical field theory based on a concept of extended causality that mimics the causality of a point- particle Classical Mechanics by imposing constraints that are equivalent to a particle initial position and velocity. It results on a description of discrete (pointwise) interactions in terms of localized particle-like fields. We find the propagators of these particle-like fields and discuss their physical meaning, properties and consequences. They are conformally invariant, singularity-free, and describing a manifestly covariant $(1+1)$-dimensional dynamics in a $(3+1)$ spacetime. Remarkably this conformal symmetry remains even for the propagation of a massive field in four spacetime dimensions. The standard formalism with its distributed fields is retrieved in terms of spacetime average of the discrete fields. Singularities are the by-products of the averaging proccess. This new formalism enlighten the meaning and the problems of field theory, and may allow a softer transition to a quantum th...
Applied geometry and discrete mathematics
Sturm; Gritzmann, Peter; Sturmfels, Bernd
1991-01-01
This volume, published jointly with the Association for Computing Machinery, comprises a collection of research articles celebrating the occasion of Victor Klee's sixty-fifth birthday in September 1990. During his long career, Klee has made contributions to a wide variety of areas, such as discrete and computational geometry, convexity, combinatorics, graph theory, functional analysis, mathematical programming and optimization, and theoretical computer science. In addition, Klee made important contributions to mathematics education, mathematical methods in economics and the decision sciences, applications of discrete mathematics in the biological and social sciences, and the transfer of knowledge from applied mathematics to industry. In honor of Klee's achievements, this volume presents more than forty papers on topics related to Klee's research. While the majority of the papers are research articles, a number of survey articles are also included. Mirroring the breadth of Klee's mathematical contributions, th...
Discrete symmetries in the MSSM
Schieren, Roland
2010-12-02
The use of discrete symmetries, especially abelian ones, in physics beyond the standard model of particle physics is discussed. A method is developed how a general, abelian, discrete symmetry can be obtained via spontaneous symmetry breaking. In addition, anomalies are treated in the path integral approach with special attention to anomaly cancellation via the Green-Schwarz mechanism. All this is applied to the minimal supersymmetric standard model. A unique Z{sup R}{sub 4} symmetry is discovered which solves the {mu}-problem as well as problems with proton decay and allows to embed the standard model gauge group into a simple group, i.e. the Z{sup R}{sub 4} is compatible with grand unification. Also the flavor problem in the context of minimal flavor violation is addressed. Finally, a string theory model is presented which exhibits the mentioned Z{sup R}{sub 4} symmetry and other desirable features. (orig.)
Discrete mathematics: methods and challenges
Alon, Noga
2002-01-01
Combinatorics is a fundamental mathematical discipline as well as an essential component of many mathematical areas, and its study has experienced an impressive growth in recent years. One of the main reasons for this growth is the tight connection between Discrete Mathematics and Theoretical Computer Science, and the rapid development of the latter. While in the past many of the basic combinatorial results were obtained mainly by ingenuity and detailed reasoning, the modern theory has grown ...
The remarkable discreteness of being
Bahram Houchmandzadeh
2014-04-01
Life is a discrete, stochastic phenomenon: for a biological organism, the time of the two most important events of its life (reproduction and death) is random and these events change the number of individuals of the species by single units. These facts can have surprising, counterintuitive consequences. I review here three examples where these facts play, or could play, important roles: the spatial distribution of species, the structuring of biodiversity and the (Darwinian) evolution of altruistic behaviour.
Manpower Analysis Using Discrete Simulation
2015-12-01
Course STA-21 Seaman to Admiral (21st century) SQL Structured Query Language TOS Time on Station xiv THIS PAGE INTENTIONALLY LEFT BLANK...using Simkit—a widely available library based in the Java programming language for building Discrete Event Simulation (DES) models. By overriding...intervals (i.e., quarterly), while holding attrition negligible. For the purposes of modeling each new accession to the system, the Arrival
Invariants of broken discrete symmetries
Kalozoumis, P; Diakonos, F K; Schmelcher, P
2014-01-01
The parity and Bloch theorems are generalized to the case of broken global symmetry. Local inversion or translation symmetries are shown to yield invariant currents that characterize wave propagation. These currents map the wave function from an arbitrary spatial domain to any symmetry-related domain. Our approach addresses any combination of local symmetries, thus applying in particular to acoustic, optical and matter waves. Nonvanishing values of the invariant currents provide a systematic pathway to the breaking of discrete global symmetries.
The remarkable discreteness of being
Houchmandzadeh, Bahram
2013-01-01
Life is a discrete, stochastic phenomena : for a biological organism, the time of the two most important events of its life (reproduction and death) is random and these events change the number of individuals of the species by single units. These facts can have surprising, counter-intuitive consequences. I review here three examples where these facts play, or could play, important roles : the spatial distribution of species, the biodiversity and the (Darwinian) evolution of altruistic behavior.
Discretized configurations and partial partitions
Abrams, Aaron; Hower, Valerie
2010-01-01
We show that the discretized configuration space of $k$ points in the $n$-simplex is homotopy equivalent to a wedge of spheres of dimension $n-k+1$. This space is homeomorphic to the order complex of the poset of ordered partial partitions of $\\{1,\\...,n+1\\}$ with exactly $k$ parts. We also compute the Euler characteristic in two different ways, thereby obtaining a topological proof of a combinatorial recurrence satisfied by the Stirling numbers of the second kind.
Observability of discretized partial differential equations
Cohn, Stephen E.; Dee, Dick P.
1988-01-01
It is shown that complete observability of the discrete model used to assimilate data from a linear partial differential equation (PDE) system is necessary and sufficient for asymptotic stability of the data assimilation process. The observability theory for discrete systems is reviewed and applied to obtain simple observability tests for discretized constant-coefficient PDEs. Examples are used to show how numerical dispersion can result in discrete dynamics with multiple eigenvalues, thereby detracting from observability.
Discretization of Preisach hysteresis model
安凯; 蔡国平
2015-01-01
In order to reduce the partial derivative errors in Preisach hysteresis model caused by inaccurate experimental data, the concept and correlative method of discretization of Preisach hysteresis model are proposed, the essential of which is to centralize the distribution density of Preisach hysteresis model in local region as an integral, which is defined as the weight of a certain point in that region. For the input composed of an ascending segment and a descending segment, a method to determine the initial weights together with an additional method to determine present weights is given according to the number of input ascending segments. If the number of input ascending segments increases, the weights of the corresponding points in updating rectangle are updated by adding the initial weights of corresponding points. A prominent advantage of discrete Preisach hysteresis model is its memory efficiency. Another advantage of discrete Preisach hysteresis model is that there is no function in the model, and thus, it can be expediently operated using a computer. By generalizing the above updating rectangle method to the continuous Preisach hysteresis model, identification method of distribution density can be given as well.
Modelling Mobility: A Discrete Revolution
Clementi, Andrea; Silvestri, Riccardo
2010-01-01
We introduce a new approach to model and analyze \\emph{Mobility}. It is fully based on discrete mathematics and yields a class of mobility models, called the \\emph{Markov Trace} Model. This model can be seen as the discrete version of the \\emph{Random Trip} Model including all variants of the \\emph{Random Way-Point} Model \\cite{L06}. We derive fundamental properties and \\emph{explicit} analytical formulas for the \\emph{stationary distributions} yielded by the Markov Trace Model. Such results can be exploited to compute formulas and properties for concrete cases of the Markov Trace Model by just applying counting arguments. We apply the above general results to the discrete version of the \\emph{Manhattan Random Way-Point} over a square of bounded size. We get formulas for the total stationary distribution and for two important \\emph{conditional} ones: the agent spatial and destination distributions. Our method makes the analysis of complex mobile systems a feasible task. As a further evidence of this important...
Discrete port-Hamiltonian systems : mixed interconnections
Talasila, Viswanath; Clemente-Gallardo, J.; Schaft, A.J. van der
2005-01-01
Either from a control theoretic viewpoint or from an analysis viewpoint it is necessary to convert smooth systems to discrete systems, which can then be implemented on computers for numerical simulations. Discrete models can be obtained either by discretizing a smooth model, or by directly modeling
The dining industry marketing based on the Internet trading%浅析基于互联网交易的餐饮行业营销之路
鄂春桃; 张立
2012-01-01
The development space of dining industry is vast, but because the characteristics of catering industry, there are corresponding resistance and difficulties in the catering industry in the development of electronic commerce, the catering industry marketing based on Internet trade, should combine with the specific strength of enterprises, enterprises located in specific condition to implement.% 餐饮行业发展空间巨大，但是因为餐饮的行业特点，在餐饮行业的电子商务发展中存在相应的阻力和困难，基于互联网交易的餐饮行业的营销，要结合特定企业的实力、企业所在地的具体情况来实施
浅析光与色在餐饮空间中的作用%Analyses the Role of Light and Color in the Dining Room
岳甜甜
2014-01-01
Light and color are all objective existence, but people can only be seen with light color, no light, no way to carry out normal visual activities, and you can’t have the feeling of color, of course. So light and color influence each other, interact with each other. In catering space, light and color is more important. According to the different dining environment space used by the light of the different color lighting, not only can reflect the nature of the dining space can also pay attention to people’s psychological feeling to the space environment. The color of the light environment for space, want to consider many factors of lighting, such as illumination, brightness, color rendering, color temperature and other factors.%光与色都是客观存在的，但是人们只能凭借光才能看到任何色彩的存在，没有光就没有办法进行正常的视觉活动，当然也就无所谓色彩的感觉。因此光和色相互影响，相互作用。在餐饮空间中，光照与色彩显得更为重要。根据不同的餐饮环境空间所采用不同的光色照明，不仅能够体现出餐饮空间的性质还可以关注人们对空间环境的心理感受。对于空间的光色环境，要考虑到照明当中的很多因素，例如照度、亮度、显色性、色温等因素。
Kang, Yang-Wha; Hong, Kyung-Eui; Choi, Hyeon-Jeong; Joung, Hyojee
2007-01-01
Dining-out behavior is associated not only with socio-demographic characteristics such as gender, education, occupation, residence, and marital status, but also with individual preferences, such as eating-out activities, interests, and opinions. We investigated dining-out behaviors and their associated factors. Announcements by health practioners and the Chief of Dong Office were used to recruit 739 residents (217 males and 522 females) in Chuncheon, Korea. Information on the frequency and reasons for eating out, the standards for meal selection, and the overall satisfaction with restaurants, based on taste, nutrition, amount, price, service, sanitation, and subsidiary facilities of restaurants, was obtained through personal interviews with a structured questionnaire. Among all respondents, 46.3% of subjects ate outside of the home once or twice a month, and 33.8% reported that they ate out only a few times a year, or never. This was much higher than the national average of 52.0% as reported by the Korean National Health and Nutrition Survey (KNHNS) in 2001. The frequency of eating out differed significantly according to age (p=0.001), family income (pdining out were meetings (46.7%), followed by special celebrations (15.4%), and enjoyment (11.2%). Korean food (55.3%) was the most frequently selected type of meal when eating out, and food was most often selected based on personal preferences (41.4%) and taste (29.8%); only 5.5% and 7.7% of subjects considered nutrition or other factors (e.g., sanitation), respectively. The results showed that the frequency of eating out for Chuncheon residents was much lower than the national average; in addition, eating-out behaviors depended on the residents' socio-demographic and personal characteristics.
Geometry and Hamiltonian mechanics on discrete spaces
Talasila, V.; Clemente-Gallardo, J.; van der Schaft, A. J.
2004-01-01
Numerical simulation is often crucial for analysing the behaviour of many complex systems which do not admit analytic solutions. To this end, one either converts a ‘smooth’ model into a discrete (in space and time) model, or models systems directly at a discrete level. The goal of this paper is to provide a discrete analogue of differential geometry, and to define on these discrete models a formal discrete Hamiltonian structure—in doing so we try to bring together various fundamental concepts...
A Discrete Equivalent of the Logistic Equation
Petropoulou EugeniaN
2010-01-01
Full Text Available A discrete equivalent and not analogue of the well-known logistic differential equation is proposed. This discrete equivalent logistic equation is of the Volterra convolution type, is obtained by use of a functional-analytic method, and is explicitly solved using the -transform method. The connection of the solution of the discrete equivalent logistic equation with the solution of the logistic differential equation is discussed. Also, some differences of the discrete equivalent logistic equation and the well-known discrete analogue of the logistic equation are mentioned. It is hoped that this discrete equivalent of the logistic equation could be a better choice for the modelling of various problems, where different versions of known discrete logistic equations are used until nowadays.
Novel Ionic Liquid with Both Lewis and Brønsted Acid Sites for Michael Addition
Runpu Shen
2011-10-01
Full Text Available Ionic liquid with both Lewis and Brønsted acid sites has been synthesized and its catalytic activities for Michael addition were carefully studied. The novel ionic liquid was stable to water and could be used in aqueous solution. The molar ratio of the Lewis and Brønsted acid sites could be adjusted to match different reactions. The results showed that the novel ionic liquid was very efficient for Michael addition with good to excellent yields within several min. Operational simplicity, high stability to water and air, small amount used, low cost of the catalyst used, high yields, chemoselectivity, applicability to large-scale reactions and reusability are the key features of this methodology, which indicated that this novel ionic liquid also holds great potential for environmentally friendly processes.
Sir Michael Francis Addison Woodruff (1911-2001) FRS DSc MD MS FRCS.
Leigh, Winston
2011-02-01
Michael Woodruff performed the first successful renal transplant in the UK and described the technique of joining the ureter of the transplant to the bladder. He contributed to all aspects of transplantation biology and was responsible for the design of the first purpose-built transplant unit in the world. As a Japanese prisoner of war at Changi in Singapore, Michael Woodruff studied the effects of malnutrition and devised a machine for extracting vitamins and trace elements from grass. After the war he demonstrated that the anterior chamber of the eye was an immunologically privileged site. He was the first person to describe 'adaptation'. He showed that antilymphocytic serum was effective as an immunosuppressive agent for homografts.
An Analysis of Michael Long's Interaction Hypothesis in Second Language Acquisition
单映
2009-01-01
The Interaction Hypothesis,which was first advanced by Michael Long,is considered ag a further supplement or extension of the Input Hypothesis in the field of second language acquisition.This paper explains the main claims of Michael Long'8 Interaction Hypothesis,the three steps to study how input and interaction affect the acquisition of a second language,and the importance of the interactional modifications applied by both participants of the interaction.Emphasis is placed on the evaluation of the theory as well as its relation to second language teaching,with many researchers'findings and arguments discussed as supporting evidence.It aims to help the effective application of this theory in second language teaching.
Interviews with Michael Baxandall, February 3rd and 4th, 1994, Berkeley, CA
Allan Langdale
2009-12-01
Full Text Available The following interviews with Michael Baxandall were conducted in Berkeley on February 3rd and 4th of 1994. The content of these interviews include general responses about developments in art history in the years between 1960 and 1985, a period of dramatic modifications in the discipline. Among the issues are the rise of the social history of art and the sources from anthropology that informed Baxandall’s concept of the ‘Period Eye’. Baxandall talks about his own work, his personal intellectual history, and the scholars of past and current generations who influenced him. Other topics include Baxandall’s professional trajectory, the Warburg Library, and aspects of cultural history having to do with Renaissance Humanism. These interviews first appeared as an appendix to the PhD dissertation by Allan Langdale, Art History and Intellectual History: Michael Baxandall’s Work between 1963 and 1985, U. C. Santa Barbara, 1995.
[An exceptional human relationship (Michael P. Kierkegaard, Søren Kierkegaard)].
Jacobs, R
1978-01-01
There were a father and a son, Michael and Sören Kierkegaard, both highly talented, imaginitive, witty, humorous, especially interested in shrewd dialectrical dialogues respectively debates, both profound melancholy ponderers. But according to very own individuality their congeniality wasn't absolute. The father, being under a questionable rigorous opinion of sin, suffered from undeserved divine grace since early childhood. And Michael Kierkegaard made Sören anxious with the religious experience of original sin. This anxiety moved (touched or affected) the sensitive son mighty. Nevertheless he should not despair hopelessly like his unlucky father. On the contrary: Sørens incomparable melancholy, mental agony and anxiety (fear or anguish) forced the faith, existing independently of them, in a radical refining. That is why Sören Kierkegaard succeeded in sublimation of all psychological and philosophic (al) attitudes (or opinions) in the sphere of religiousness. And the result? A novel philosophy of life: Christian existentialism.
Michael K. Scullin: Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award.
2011-11-01
Presents Michael K. Scullin as the 2011 winner of the American Psychological Association Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. "For an outstanding research paper that examines the relationship between prospective memory in executing a goal and various lapses of time from 20 minutes up to a 12- hour wake delay and a 12-hour sleep delay. The results suggest that consolidation processes active during sleep increase the probability of goal execution. The paper, titled 'Remembering to Execute a Goal: Sleep On It!' was published in Psychological Science in 2010 and was the basis for Michael K. Scullin's selection as the recipient of the 2011 Psi Chi/APA Edwin B. Newman Graduate Research Award. Mark A. McDaniel, PhD, served as faculty research advisor." (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2011 APA, all rights reserved). 2011 APA, all rights reserved
Alaa Alghamdi
2012-11-01
Full Text Available Michael Ondaatje's 2011 novel The Cat's Table follows a young boy's voyage from Colombo, Sri Lanka to London, England. Through this character and the unique environment of the ship, which forms a compelling sense of transitory place, Ondaatje explores liminality and its relationship with limitations or barriers. The young protagonist, Michael, and his companions enjoy an unusual level of freedom aboard the contained and hierarchically segmented ship. Polarization and transition between Eastern and Western culture is present but pales in importance compared to the validation of the self that is located within and defined by the sense of the in-between, an essential rite of passage undertaken before re-joining society.
An Integral Part of the Frederick Community—Michael Dean | Poster
For more than 30 years, Michael Dean, Ph.D., has been an integral part of the NCI at Frederick community. In addition to studying several different aspects of genomics and cancer research, he has worked with the Werner H. Kirsten Student Intern Program and also volunteered his time with Mission of Mercy, a community-based organization providing free healthcare and free prescription medications to the uninsured and under-insured.
Highlighting High Performance: Michael E. Capuano Early Childhood Center; Somerville, Massachusetts
2006-03-01
This brochure describes the key high-performance building features of the Michael E. Capuano Early Childhood Center. The brochure was paid for by the Massachusetts Technology Collaborative as part of their Green Schools Initiative. High-performance features described are daylighting and energy-efficient lighting, indoor air quality, solar and wind energy, building envelope, heating and cooling systems, water conservation, and acoustics. Energy cost savings are also discussed.
Is there sexism?——Feminist discourse analysis of the recruitment advertisement of Michael Page
段绘宇
2010-01-01
Sexism can be discovered in every sector oftbe society although it is under different guises. Women as a whole are treated oppressively and differently from men and they are subject to personal and institutional discrimination. This paper reveals sexism common in the business world through analyzing the register of tbe recruitment advert of'Michael Page' in 'Financial World' to raise critical gender awareness of the readers so that true equality between men and women can be eventually realized in the world.
Horror movie aspects and experimentation in Michael Jackson’s Thriller music video
Vargas, Herom; Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul - USCS; Gonçalves, Rafael; Universidade Municipal de São Caetano do Sul - USCS
2016-01-01
This article analyzes the use of elements from the horror fi lm genre in the music video Thriller (1982), by Michael Jackson, as experimentation within the field of pop music. Based on the semiotics of culture, grounded on the concepts of cultural text, semiosphere, border and modeling, developed by Iuri Lotman, the analysis identified innovations in the use of horror as humor and, in the music, modeling of creatures, moving among horror, the fantastic and the reality.Keywords: horror, music ...
Efficient Lewis Acids Catalyzed Aza-Michael Reactions of Enones with Carbamates
XIA Chun-Gu; XU Li-Wen
2004-01-01
The a-amino carbonyl functionality is not only a segment of biologically important natural products but also a versatile intermediate for the synthesis of nitrogen-containing compounds.1 The development of novel synthetic methods leading to a-amino ketone, a-amino acids or their derivatives has attracted much attention in organic synthesis.2 Among the traditional methods for generating a-amino carbonyl compounds, Mannich-type reaction is one of the classical and powerful methods.3 However, the classic Mannich reaction presents serious disadvantages, for example, there is still a drawback in that the silyl enolates have to be prepared from the corresponding carbonyl compounds. Alternatively, aza-Michael additions can be used to create carbon-heteroatom bonds by reaction of a,a-unsaturated carbonyl compounds with amines. Although recent advances have made this route more attractive, development of cheaper, simpler, and more efficient metal catalyst, especially which can be applied to chalcone, is highly desirable.In this paper, we demonstrated that the first aza-Michael reaction of chalcone with a less nucleophilic carbamates can be accomplished on Me3SiCFFeCl3 catalyst system under very mild conditions. Apart from experimental simplicity, the advantages of this methodology are the use of a very cheap Lewis acid catalyst and the insensitivity of the reaction mixture towards air and moisture.catalyst for aza-Michael reaction of chalcone and cyclic enones with carbamates. And with the cyclic enones with carbamates in dichloromethane at room temperature were also investigated. In this conjugate addition reaction, good to excellent yields of a-amino ketones were obtained with system could also mediates aza-Michael addition of carbamates to chalcone and derivatives.These new strategies opened efficient procedures for the synthesis of a-amino ketones under mild conditions.
Zou, Liang-Hua; Philipps, Arne R; Raabe, Gerhard; Enders, Dieter
2015-01-01
An efficient, highly stereoselective asymmetric synthesis of fully functionalized cyclopentanes bearing an oxindole moiety and several other functional groups in one pot has been developed. Key step is an organocatalytic triple Michael domino reaction forming three C–C bonds and six stereocenters, including a quaternary one. Starting from equimolar amounts of simple substrates, a high molecular complexity can be reached after a Wittig olefination in one pot. The new protocol can easily be scaled up to gram amounts. PMID:25470781
Tetramethylguanidium Lactate Ionic Liquid:Catalyst-free Medium for Michael Addition Reaction
无
2008-01-01
A catalyst-free, facile and efficient Michael addition reaction of active methylene compounds as well as nitromethane with chalcones catalyzed by guanidinium lactate ionic liquid was done. A series of chalcones,nitromethane, and active methylene compounds were converted smoothly to the corresponding products in high yields.The simple procedure, very mild conditions, high yields, and reuse of the IL without any loss of catalytic activity make this protocol considerably attractive for academic researches and practical applications.
Keller, E; Veldman, N; Spek, AL; Feringa, BL
1997-01-01
Enantioselective Michael additions of alpha-nitroesters 2a-d with alpha,beta-unsaturated ketones were carried out in the presence of a catalytic amount of chiral Al-Li-(R,R')-2,2'-dihydroxy-1,1'-binaphthyl ('AlLiBINOL') complex prepared in situ from LiAlH4 and 2.45 equiv. of (R,R')-BINOL. The enanti
Catalytic enantioselective Michael addition reactions of α-nitroesters to α,β-unsaturated ketones
Keller, Erik; Veldman, Nora; Spek, Anthony L.; Feringa, Bernard
1997-01-01
Enantioselective Michael additions of α-nitroesters 2a-d with α,β-unsaturated ketones were carried out in the presence of a catalytic amount of chiral Al-Li-(R,R')-2,2'-dihydroxy-1,1'-binaphthyl (‘AlLiBINOL’) complex prepared in situ from LiAlH4 and 2.45 equiv. of (R,R')-BINOL. The enantioselectivit
Functionalized 3D Architected Materials via Thiol-Michael Addition and Two-Photon Lithography.
Yee, Daryl W; Schulz, Michael D; Grubbs, Robert H; Greer, Julia R
2017-04-01
Fabrication of functionalized 3D architected materials is achieved by a facile method using functionalized acrylates synthesized via thiol-Michael addition, which are then polymerized using two-photon lithography. A wide variety of functional groups can be attached, from Boc-protected amines to fluoroalkanes. Modification of surface wetting properties and conjugation with fluorescent tags are demonstrated to highlight the potential applications of this technique. © 2017 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Feeding Health: Michael Pollan on Improving Public Health through the Food Systems
2009-08-19
In this podcast, author Michael Pollan discusses his March 2009 visit to CDC and offers his thoughts on the intersection between the government, the food systems, and public health. Created: 8/19/2009 by National Center for Environmental Health (NCEH), National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion (NCCDPHP), Office of Sustainability. Date Released: 4/15/2010.
N-1 regioselective Michael-type addition of 5-substituted uracils to (2-hydroxyethyl acrylate
Walczak Krzysztof Z
2007-11-01
Full Text Available Abstract N-1 regioselective Michael-type addition of 5-substituted uracils to (2-hydroxyethyl acrylate is presented. The reactions were performed in polar aprotic solvents and with avoidance of polymerization of acrylic substrate. The obtained adducts may serve as versatile substrates for further functionalization, e.g. into (3-uracil-1-ylpropanoic acids or transformations, with participation of hydroxyl group, into ester-conjugated acyclic nucleosides.
Remote Sensing of Sea Surface Wind of Hurricane Michael by GPS Reflected Signals
无
2006-01-01
In this paper, the propagating geometry and the waveform of the GPS reflected signals are expatiated in detail. Furthermore, the principle and the method of retrieving sea surface wind are presented. In order to test the feasibility of retrieval, the experiment data obtained by NASA in Hurricane Michael are used. The result shows that the retrieval accuracy of wind speed is about 2 m/s.
Translation of Michael Sadowsky's paper "The differential equations of the M\\"obius band"
Hinz, Denis F
2014-01-01
This article is a translation of Michael Sadowsky's original paper "Die Differentialgleichungen des M\\"obiusschen Bandes." in Jahresbericht der Deutschen Mathermatiker-Vereinigung 39 (2. Abt. Heft 5/8, Jahresversammlung vom 16. bis 23. September), 49-51 (1929), which is a short version of his paper "Theorie der elastisch biegsamen undehnbaren B\\"ander mit Anwendungen auf das M\\"obiussche Band" in 3. internationaler Kongress f\\"ur technische Mechanik, Stockholm, 1930.
An Integral Part of the Frederick Community—Michael Dean | Poster
For more than 30 years, Michael Dean, Ph.D., has been an integral part of the NCI at Frederick community. In addition to studying several different aspects of genomics and cancer research, he has worked with the Werner H. Kirsten Student Intern Program and also volunteered his time with Mission of Mercy, a community-based organization providing free healthcare and free prescription medications to the uninsured and under-insured.
Monetary Regimes and Policy on a Global Scale: The Oeuvre of Michael D. Bordo
Rockoff, Hugh; Eugene N. White
2012-01-01
Michael D. Bordo has helped to define the modern field of monetary history, drawing from it important policy lessons for current practitioners. For his seventieth year, we survey his contributions to our understanding of the Great Depression, money and the economy in historical perspective, exchange rate regimes including the gold standard, Bretton Woods, and the European Monetary Union, globalization, financial crises, the Canadian monetary experience, and historical guidance for monetary p...
Discrete Torsion and Symmetric Products
Dijkgraaf, R
1999-01-01
In this note we point out that a symmetric product orbifold CFT can be twisted by a unique nontrivial two-cocycle of the permutation group. This discrete torsion changes the spins and statistics of corresponding second-quantized string theory making it essentially ``supersymmetric.'' The long strings of even length become fermionic (or ghosts), those of odd length bosonic. The partition function and elliptic genus can be described by a sum over stringy spin structures. The usual cubic interaction vertex is odd and nilpotent, so this construction gives rise to a DLCQ string theory with a leading quartic interaction.
Radiative transfer on discrete spaces
Preisendorfer, Rudolph W; Stark, M; Ulam, S
1965-01-01
Pure and Applied Mathematics, Volume 74: Radiative Transfer on Discrete Spaces presents the geometrical structure of natural light fields. This book describes in detail with mathematical precision the radiometric interactions of light-scattering media in terms of a few well established principles.Organized into four parts encompassing 15 chapters, this volume begins with an overview of the derivations of the practical formulas and the arrangement of formulas leading to numerical solution procedures of radiative transfer problems in plane-parallel media. This text then constructs radiative tran
Invariants of Broken Discrete Symmetries
Kalozoumis, P. A.; Morfonios, C.; Diakonos, F. K.; Schmelcher, P.
2014-08-01
The parity and Bloch theorems are generalized to the case of broken global symmetry. Local inversion or translation symmetries in one dimension are shown to yield invariant currents that characterize wave propagation. These currents map the wave function from an arbitrary spatial domain to any symmetry-related domain. Our approach addresses any combination of local symmetries, thus applying, in particular, to acoustic, optical, and matter waves. Nonvanishing values of the invariant currents provide a systematic pathway to the breaking of discrete global symmetries.
Discrete geometric structures for architecture
Pottmann, Helmut
2010-06-13
The emergence of freeform structures in contemporary architecture raises numerous challenging research problems, most of which are related to the actual fabrication and are a rich source of research topics in geometry and geometric computing. The talk will provide an overview of recent progress in this field, with a particular focus on discrete geometric structures. Most of these result from practical requirements on segmenting a freeform shape into planar panels and on the physical realization of supporting beams and nodes. A study of quadrilateral meshes with planar faces reveals beautiful relations to discrete differential geometry. In particular, we discuss meshes which discretize the network of principal curvature lines. Conical meshes are among these meshes; they possess conical offset meshes at a constant face/face distance, which in turn leads to a supporting beam layout with so-called torsion free nodes. This work can be generalized to a variety of multilayer structures and laid the ground for an adapted curvature theory for these meshes. There are also efforts on segmenting surfaces into planar hexagonal panels. Though these are less constrained than planar quadrilateral panels, this problem is still waiting for an elegant solution. Inspired by freeform designs in architecture which involve circles and spheres, we present a new kind of triangle mesh whose faces\\' in-circles form a packing, i.e., the in-circles of two triangles with a common edge have the same contact point on that edge. These "circle packing (CP) meshes" exhibit an aesthetic balance of shape and size of their faces. They are closely tied to sphere packings on surfaces and to various remarkable structures and patterns which are of interest in art, architecture, and design. CP meshes constitute a new link between architectural freeform design and computational conformal geometry. Recently, certain timber structures motivated us to study discrete patterns of geodesics on surfaces. This
Discrete low-discrepancy sequences
Angel, Omer; Martin, James B; Propp, James
2009-01-01
Holroyd and Propp used Hall's marriage theorem to show that, given a probability distribution pi on a finite set S, there exists an infinite sequence s_1,s_2,... in S such that for all integers k >= 1 and all s in S, the number of i in [1,k] with s_i = s differs from k pi(s) by at most 1. We prove a generalization of this result using a simple explicit algorithm. A special case of this algorithm yields an extension of Holroyd and Propp's result to the case of discrete probability distributions on infinite sets.
Discrete and finite General Relativity
De Souza, M M; Souza, Manoelito M. de; Silveira, Robson N.
1999-01-01
We develop the General Theory of Relativity in a formalism with extended causality that describes physical interaction through discrete, transversal and localized pointlike fields. The homogeneous field equations are then solved for a finite, singularity-free, point-like field that we associate to a ``classical graviton". The standard Einstein's continuous formalism is retrieved by means of an averaging process, and its continuous solutions are determined by the chsosen imposed symetry. The Schwarzschild metric is obtained by the imposition of spherical symmetry on the averaged field.
Fundamental approach to discrete mathematics
Acharjya, DP
2009-01-01
About the Book: The book `Fundamental Approach to Discrete Mathematics` is a required part of pursuing a computer science degree at most universities. It provides in-depth knowledge to the subject for beginners and stimulates further interest in the topic. The salient features of this book include: Strong coverage of key topics involving recurrence relation, combinatorics, Boolean algebra, graph theory and fuzzy set theory. Algorithms and examples integrated throughout the book to bring clarity to the fundamental concepts. Each concept and definition is followed by thoughtful examples.
Discrete gravity from statistical mechanics
Romano, Antonio Enea
2011-01-01
We show how to construct space time lattices with a Regge action proportional to the energy of a given Ising or Potts model macrostate. This allows to take advantage of the existence of exact solutions for these models to calculate the quantum wave function of the universe using the sum over the histories approach to quantum gravity. Motivated by this isomorphism we show how the Regge equations, i.e. the discrete equivalent of the vacuum Einstein equations, can be derived using statistical mechanics under the assumption that the energy of a given space time geometry is proportional to the Regge action.
Organocatalytic Asymmetric Michael Addition of 4-Hydroxycoumarin to β,γ-Unsaturated α-Keto Esters
Suh, Chang Won; Han, Tae Hyun; Kim, Dae Young [Soonchunhyang Univ., Asan (Korea, Republic of)
2013-06-15
In conclusion, we have developed organocatalytic enantioselective conjugate addition reaction of 4-hydroxycoumarin (1) to β,γ-unsaturated α-keto esters 2 to afford biologically valuable warfarin derivatives 3. The process is efficiently catalyzed by a binaphthyl-modified thiourea organocatalyst. The coumarin core is present as a characteristic structural motif in a large number of natural products and biologically active molecules.1 Particularly, many of these naturally occurring 4-hydroxycoumarin and their synthetic analogues are important precursors for the synthesis of natural products and pharmaceuticals. Enantioselective organocatalytic conjugate addition of 4-hydroxycoumarin to α,β-unsaturated ketones is a straightforward method to access warfarin which is an effective anticoagulants. Although a number of reactions of α,β-unsaturated ketones as Michael acceptors have been reported, the corresponding β,γ-unsaturated α-keto esters have received relatively little attention as Michael acceptors. Recently, several groups have reported the asymmetric Michael addition of 4-hydroxycoumarin to β,γ-unsaturated α-keto esters catalyzed by Cu(II)-bisoxazoline, N,N'-dioxide-Ni(II) complexes, thiourea catalysts. Although several efficient methods have been achieved by these systems, an effective method for the synthesis of warfarin analogues is still a challenge.
En memoria de Michael Jiménez (1948-2001
Mauricio Archila Neira
2010-08-01
Full Text Available El 1 de septiembre de 2001 murió el historiador Michael Jiménez. Su apellido provenía de España de donde emigró su abuelo en busca de mejor suerte al otro lado del Atlántico. Nacido en el pequeño pueblo de Merced, California (Estados Unidos en agosto de 1948 en el seno de una familia obrera, Michael vivió su infancia en Colombia. A fines de ese año, su padre se desplazó a estas tierras para ser funcionario de la Texas, una multinacional petrolera que tenía sus reales en Puerto Boyacá. Michael estudió en el colegio Nueva Granada -becado por la Texas- hasta los catorce años. En dicho colegio fue compañero de pupitre de Herbert Braun, descendiente a su vez de una familia de emigrantes a Colombia, y con quien la vida lo juntaría de nuevo en las tierras del norte y en oficios similares.
Guang-yue Li; Ping Song; Guo-zhong He
2011-01-01
The solvents and substituents of two similar fluorescent sensors for cyanide, 7-diethylamino-3-formylcoumarin (sensor a) and 7-diethylamino-3-(2-nitrovinyl)coumarin (sensor b), are proposed to account for their distinct sensing mechanisms and experimental phenomena.The time-dependent density functional theory has been applied to investigate the ground states and the first singlet excited electronic states of the sensor as well as their possible Michael reaction products with cyanide, with a view to monitoring their geometries and photophysical properties. The theoretical study indicates that the protic water solvent could lead to final Michael addition product of sensor a in the ground state, while the aprotic acetonitrile solvent could lead to carbanion as the final product of sensor b. Furthermore,the Michael reaction product of sensor a has been proved to have a torsion structure in its first singlet excited state. Correspondingly, sensor b also has a torsion structure around the nitrovinyl moiety in its first singlet excited state, while not in its carbanion structure. This could explain the observed strong fluorescence for sensor a and the quenching fluorescencefor the sensor b upon the addition of the cyanide anions in the relevant sensing mechanisms.
2008-01-01
The electron-withdrawing groups (EWGs) in the electrophilic alkenes employed in the Michael addition reaction are almost only CO2R, CN, COR, NO2, and SO2Ph. Although amides (CONR1R2) are also typical electron-withdrawing groups and are of great importance in organic synthesis, they are scarcely em-ployed as the EWGs of the electrophilic alkenes in the Michael addition reaction. In this work, the Mi-chael reactions of acrylamide and its derivatives with cyclanones were successfully carried out in the presence of enough radical inhibitors. The amide groups play a key role in producing the preferred products. The N-substituted acrylamides, including N-monosubstituted and N,N-disubstituted acryla-mides could react with cyclohexanone (CHn) to give the expected 2-carbamoylethyl derivatives; how-ever, acrylamide reacting with cyclohexanone only produced ene-lactam. Cyclanones also have effects on the products, while the ring size of cyclanones influences the reaction yield and the α-substituent decides the ratio of resulting isomeric ene-lactams.
En memoria de Michael Jiménez (1948-2001
Mauricio Archila Neira
2001-01-01
Full Text Available El 1 de septiembre de 2001 murió el historiador Michael Jiménez. Su apellido provenía de España de donde emigró su abuelo en busca de mejor suerte al otro lado del Atlántico. Nacido en el pequeño pueblo de Merced, California (Estados Unidos en agosto de 1948 en el seno de una familia obrera, Michael vivió su infancia en Colombia. A fines de ese año, su padre se desplazó a estas tierras para ser funcionario de la Texas, una multinacional petrolera que tenía sus reales en Puerto Boyacá. Michael estudió en el colegio Nueva Granada -becado por la Texas- hasta los catorce años. En dicho colegio fue compañero de pupitre de Herbert Braun, descendiente a su vez de una familia de emigrantes a Colombia, y con quien la vida lo juntaría de nuevo en las tierras del norte y en oficios similares.
Entwinement in discretely gauged theories
Balasubramanian, V.; Bernamonti, A.; Craps, B.; De Jonckheere, T.; Galli, F.
2016-12-01
We develop the notion of "entwinement" to characterize the amount of quantum entanglement between internal, discretely gauged degrees of freedom in a quantum field theory. This concept originated in the program of reconstructing spacetime from entanglement in holographic duality. We define entwinement formally in terms of a novel replica method which uses twist operators charged in a representation of the discrete gauge group. In terms of these twist operators we define a non-local, gauge-invariant object whose expectation value computes entwinement in a standard replica limit. We apply our method to the computation of entwinement in symmetric orbifold conformal field theories in 1+1 dimensions, which have an S N gauging. Such a theory appears in the weak coupling limit of the D1-D5 string theory which is dual to AdS3 at strong coupling. In this context, we show how certain kinds of entwinement measure the lengths, in units of the AdS scale, of non-minimal geodesics present in certain excited states of the system which are gravitationally described as conical defects and the M = 0 BTZ black hole. The possible types of entwinement that can be computed define a very large new class of quantities characterizing the fine structure of quantum wavefunctions.
Supervised Discrete Hashing With Relaxation.
Gui, Jie; Liu, Tongliang; Sun, Zhenan; Tao, Dacheng; Tan, Tieniu
2016-12-29
Data-dependent hashing has recently attracted attention due to being able to support efficient retrieval and storage of high-dimensional data, such as documents, images, and videos. In this paper, we propose a novel learning-based hashing method called ''supervised discrete hashing with relaxation'' (SDHR) based on ''supervised discrete hashing'' (SDH). SDH uses ordinary least squares regression and traditional zero-one matrix encoding of class label information as the regression target (code words), thus fixing the regression target. In SDHR, the regression target is instead optimized. The optimized regression target matrix satisfies a large margin constraint for correct classification of each example. Compared with SDH, which uses the traditional zero-one matrix, SDHR utilizes the learned regression target matrix and, therefore, more accurately measures the classification error of the regression model and is more flexible. As expected, SDHR generally outperforms SDH. Experimental results on two large-scale image data sets (CIFAR-10 and MNIST) and a large-scale and challenging face data set (FRGC) demonstrate the effectiveness and efficiency of SDHR.
Entwinement in discretely gauged theories
Balasubramanian, V; Craps, B; De Jonckheere, T; Galli, F
2016-01-01
We develop the notion of entwinement to characterize the amount of quantum entanglement between internal, discretely gauged degrees of freedom in a quantum field theory. This concept originated in the program of reconstructing spacetime from entanglement in holographic duality. We define entwinement formally in terms of a novel replica method which uses twist operators charged in a representation of the discrete gauge group. In terms of these twist operators we define a non-local, gauge-invariant object whose expectation value computes entwinement in a standard replica limit. We apply our method to the computation of entwinement in symmetric orbifold conformal field theories in 1+1 dimensions, which have an $S_N$ gauging. Such a theory appears in the weak coupling limit of the D1-D5 string theory which is dual to AdS$_3$ at strong coupling. In this context, we show how certain kinds of entwinement measure the lengths, in units of the AdS scale, of non-minimal geodesics present in certain excited states of the...
Discrete auroras and magnetotail processes.
Lyons, L. R.
Important information about magnetospheric phenomena associated with auroras and substorms can be inferred from low-altitude auroral observations. Satellite observations have shown that discrete auroral arcs lie within a boundary plasma sheet (BPS) region that is outside the central plasma sheet (CPS). The observations imply that arcs are generated along BPS field lines by magnetospheric processes that form large, perpendicular electric field structures. The BPS and the arc generation processes apparently lie along field lines that are in the vicinity of the boundary between open and closed field lines and cross the tail (or magnetopause) current sheet. Ground-based observations show that the first indication of a substorm onset is the brightening of a quiet, discrete arc. This suggests that substorms are initiated along the BPS field lines associated with arc generation, and not within the CPS. Finally, auroral observations have shown that the area of open, polar-cap field lines varies considerably during periods of geomagnetic activity. Expansion of the polar cap has the potential for releasing trapped plasma sheet particles along freshly open field lines. The resulting evacuation of field lines has the potential for being an important loss process for the plasma sheet and for being a source of tailward flows and energetic particle bursts in the tail.
Moxey, Keith
2007-01-01
Ameerika kunstiajaloolased Keith Moxey ning Michael Ann Holly tutvustavad uut lähenemist kunstiajaloole (new art history). Nn. naasmine esteetika juurde tähendab püüet integreerida kunstiajalukku ja -teooriasse uuesti ja tugevamalt kunstiteos
Abdullah Mohammed Al-Majid
2017-02-01
The use of inexpensive, eco-friendly and readily available reagents, easy work-up, and high purity products makes the procedure a convenient and robust method for the synthesis of tandem Knoevenagel–Michael adducts.
LuHongwei
2004-01-01
Invited by the CPAFFC, Michael Cohrs, Chief Executive Officer of the Corporate and Investment Banking of Deutsche Bank, visited Beijing from February 26 to 28, 2004. Vice Premier Zeng Peiyan of the State Council met with Cohrs and his party.
Bourke, Michael
2002-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Baltiiskii kurss 2002/Zima/Vesna nr. 20 lk. 14-17. Iirimaa aukonsul Lätis, Michael Joseph Bourke arutleb Iirimaa majandusedu teemal ning pakub välja, mida Baltimaad saaksid sellest õppida. Tabel, diagramm. Lisa
Bourke, Michael
2002-01-01
Ilmunud ka: Baltiiskii kurss 2002/Zima/Vesna nr. 20 lk. 14-17. Iirimaa aukonsul Lätis, Michael Joseph Bourke arutleb Iirimaa majandusedu teemal ning pakub välja, mida Baltimaad saaksid sellest õppida. Tabel, diagramm. Lisa
Charitie V. Hyman
2017-09-01
Full Text Available Book review of Michael T. Westrate. Living Soviet in Ukraine from Stalin to Maidan: Under the Falling Red Star in Kharkiv. Rowman & Littlefield, 2016. xx, 232 pp. Illustrations. Appendices. Bibliography. Index. $85.00, cloth.
2012-07-11
... From the Federal Register Online via the Government Publishing Office DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY Federal Energy Regulatory Commission Californians for Renewable Energy, Inc., Michael E. Boyd, Robert M. Sarvey, v. California Public Utilities Commission, California Department of Water Resources, Pacific Gas...
Zhang, Yan; Vongvilai, Pornrapee; Sakulsombat, Morakot; Fischer, Andreas; Ramström, Olof
2014-03-24
Dynamic systems based on consecutive thia-Michael and Henry reactions were generated and transformed using lipase-catalyzed asymmetric transformation. Substituted thiolane structures with three contiguous stereocenters were resolved in the process in high yields and high enantiomeric excesses.
Berwick, Don; Rothman, Michael
2002-05-01
Don Berwick and Michael Rothman discuss the Pursuing Perfection initiative, which is intended to help health care organizations integrate improvement work into day-to-day life, with systemwide changes in infrastructure, project management, care, and leadership.
Moxey, Keith
2007-01-01
Ameerika kunstiajaloolased Keith Moxey ning Michael Ann Holly tutvustavad uut lähenemist kunstiajaloole (new art history). Nn. naasmine esteetika juurde tähendab püüet integreerida kunstiajalukku ja -teooriasse uuesti ja tugevamalt kunstiteos
A perspectiva de Michael Apple para os estudos das políticas educacionais
Luís Armando Gandin
Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar as contribuições de Michael Apple para o campo da pesquisa em políticas educacionais. Na extensa obra de Michael Apple, destacamos seis elementos que podem auxiliar aqueles que estão interessados na área de políticas em educação: o princípio epistemológico da análise relacional; o exame do Estado como relação; a herança de Antonio Gramsci e de Raymond Williams que Michael Apple incorpora no uso de conceitos como hegemonia e senso comum; a análise que Michael Apple faz das políticas educacionais como políticas culturais, como disputas por visão de mundo, como luta por consolidação de uma hegemonia que vai além do econômico; a sua postura de pesquisador; e a capacidade que Michael Apple tem de ir além da lógica da reprodução e determinação para enfatizar o papel da agência e da contra-hegemonia. Através de exemplos práticos da própria obra de Apple e de outras pesquisas empíricas, apresentam-se as implicações de cada um dos seis pontos acima citados para os pesquisadores interessados na área de políticas educacionais. Conclui-se que muitas das contribuições de Apple podem auxiliar em pesquisas nessa área, tendo em vista a discussão que o autor realiza em sua obra e sua crítica ao determinismo econômico nas análises do campo educacional, salientando a importância, assim, de aspectos que estão relacionados à esfera da cultura.
Pors, Niels Ole
2010-01-01
Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4......Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4...
Rh(III)-Catalyzed C-H Bond Addition/Amine-Mediated Cyclization of Bis-Michael Acceptors.
Potter, Tyler J; Ellman, Jonathan A
2016-08-01
A Rh(III)-catalyzed C-H bond addition/primary amine-promoted cyclization of bis-Michael acceptors is reported. The C-H bond addition step occurs with high chemoselectivity, and the subsequent intramolecular Michael addition, mediated by a primary amine catalyst, sets three contiguous stereocenters with high diastereoselectivity. A broad range of directing groups and both aromatic and alkenyl C-H bonds were shown to be effective in this transformation, affording functionalized piperidines, tetrahydropyrans, and cyclohexanes.
Pors, Niels Ole
2010-01-01
Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4......Review: Michael Crandall & Karen E. Fisher (Eds) Digital Inclusion: Measuring the Impact of Information and Community Technology. Medford. Information Today. ASIS&T Monographs, 2009. 185 pages. $ 59.50. ISBN 978-1-57387-373-4...
Discrete quantum geometries and their effective dimension
Thürigen, Johannes
2015-01-01
In several approaches towards a quantum theory of gravity, such as group field theory and loop quantum gravity, quantum states and histories of the geometric degrees of freedom turn out to be based on discrete spacetime. The most pressing issue is then how the smooth geometries of general relativity, expressed in terms of suitable geometric observables, arise from such discrete quantum geometries in some semiclassical and continuum limit. In this thesis I tackle the question of suitable observables focusing on the effective dimension of discrete quantum geometries. For this purpose I give a purely combinatorial description of the discrete structures which these geometries have support on. As a side topic, this allows to present an extension of group field theory to cover the combinatorially larger kinematical state space of loop quantum gravity. Moreover, I introduce a discrete calculus for fields on such fundamentally discrete geometries with a particular focus on the Laplacian. This permits to define the ef...
A Note on Discrete Einstein Metric
Ge, Huabin
2015-01-01
In this short note, we prove that the space of all admissible piecewise linear metrics parameterized by length square on a triangulated manifolds is a convex cone. We further study Regge's Einstein-Hilbert action and give a much more reasonable definition of discrete Einstein metric than our former version in \\cite{G}. Finally, we introduce a discrete Ricci flow for three dimensional triangulated manifolds, which is closely related to the existence of discrete Einstein metrics.
Discrete complex analysis on isoradial graphs
Chelkak, Dmitry; Smirnov, Stanislav
2008-01-01
We study discrete complex analysis and potential theory on a large family of planar graphs, the so-called isoradial ones. Along with discrete analogues of several classical results, we prove uniform convergence of discrete harmonic measures, Green's functions and Poisson kernels to their continuous counterparts. Among other applications, the results can be used to establish universality of the critical Ising and other lattice models.
Discrete calculus methods for counting
Mariconda, Carlo
2016-01-01
This book provides an introduction to combinatorics, finite calculus, formal series, recurrences, and approximations of sums. Readers will find not only coverage of the basic elements of the subjects but also deep insights into a range of less common topics rarely considered within a single book, such as counting with occupancy constraints, a clear distinction between algebraic and analytical properties of formal power series, an introduction to discrete dynamical systems with a thorough description of Sarkovskii’s theorem, symbolic calculus, and a complete description of the Euler-Maclaurin formulas and their applications. Although several books touch on one or more of these aspects, precious few cover all of them. The authors, both pure mathematicians, have attempted to develop methods that will allow the student to formulate a given problem in a precise mathematical framework. The aim is to equip readers with a sound strategy for classifying and solving problems by pursuing a mathematically rigorous yet ...
Modeling discrete competitive facility location
Karakitsiou, Athanasia
2015-01-01
This book presents an up-to-date review of modeling and optimization approaches for location problems along with a new bi-level programming methodology which captures the effect of competition of both producers and customers on facility location decisions. While many optimization approaches simplify location problems by assuming decision making in isolation, this monograph focuses on models which take into account the competitive environment in which such decisions are made. New insights in modeling, algorithmic and theoretical possibilities are opened by this approach and new applications are possible. Competition on equal term plus competition between market leader and followers are considered in this study, consequently bi-level optimization methodology is emphasized and further developed. This book provides insights regarding modeling complexity and algorithmic approaches to discrete competitive location problems. In traditional location modeling, assignment of customer demands to supply sources are made ...
Efficient Discretization of Stochastic Integrals
Fukasawa, Masaaki
2012-01-01
Sharp asymptotic lower bounds of the expected quadratic variation of discretization error in stochastic integration are given. The theory relies on inequalities for the kurtosis and skewness of a general random variable which are themselves seemingly new. Asymptotically efficient schemes which attain the lower bounds are constructed explicitly. The result is directly applicable to practical hedging problem in mathematical finance; it gives an asymptotically optimal way to choose rebalancing dates and portofolios with respect to transaction costs. The asymptotically efficient strategies in fact reflect the structure of transaction costs. In particular a specific biased rebalancing scheme is shown to be superior to unbiased schemes if transaction costs follow a convex model. The problem is discussed also in terms of the exponential utility maximization.
Discretized Volumes in Numerical Methods
Antal, Miklós
2007-01-01
We present two techniques novel in numerical methods. The first technique compiles the domain of the numerical methods as a discretized volume. Congruent elements are glued together to compile the domain over which the solution of a boundary value problem is sought. We associate a group and a graph to that volume. When the group is symmetry of the boundary value problem under investigation, one can specify the structure of the solution, and find out if there are equispectral volumes of a given type. The second technique uses a complex mapping to transplant the solution from volume to volume and a correction function. Equation for the correction function is given. A simple example demonstrates the feasibility of the suggested method.
Quantum evolution by discrete measurements
Roa, L [Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Guevara, M L Ladron de [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad Catolica del Norte, Casilla 1280, Antofagasta (Chile); Delgado, A [Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Olivares-RenterIa, G [Center for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Concepcion, Casilla 160-C, Concepcion (Chile); Klimov, A B [Departamento de Fisica, Universidad de Guadalajara, Revolucion 1500, 44420 Guadalajara, Jalisco (Mexico)
2007-10-15
In this article we review two ways of driving a quantum system to a known pure state via a sequence discrete of von Neumann measurements. The first of them assumes that the initial state of the system is unknown, and the evolution is attained only with the help of two non-commuting observables. For this method, the overall success probability is maximized when the eigentstates of the involved observables constitute mutually unbiased bases. The second method assumes the initial state is known and it uses N observables which are consecutively measured to make the state of the system approach the target state. The probability of success of this procedure converges to 1 as the number of observables increases.
Lepton mixing and discrete symmetries
Hernandez, D.; Smirnov, A. Yu.
2012-09-01
The pattern of lepton mixing can emerge from breaking a flavor symmetry in different ways in the neutrino and charged lepton Yukawa sectors. In this framework, we derive the model-independent conditions imposed on the mixing matrix by the structure of discrete groups of the von Dyck type which include A4, S4, and A5. We show that, in general, these conditions lead to at least two equations for the mixing parameters (angles and CP phase δ). These constraints, which correspond to unbroken residual symmetries, are consistent with nonzero 13 mixing and deviations from maximal 2-3 mixing. For the simplest case, which leads to an S4 model and reproduces the allowed values of the mixing angles, we predict δ=(90°-120°).
Weak complementarity from discrete symmetries
Merlo, Luca
2009-01-01
The neutrino oscillation data find a good approximation in the so-called tri-bimaximal pattern. Recently a paper appeared showing that also the bimaximal pattern, which is already ruled out by the measurements, could be a very good starting point in order to describe the lepton mixing. In this paper I review both the flavour structures and then I present an explicit flavour model based on the discrete group S4, in which the PMNS mixing matrix is of the bimaximal form in first approximation and after it receives corrections which bring it in agreement with the data. The resulting spectrum of light neutrinos shows a moderate normal hierarchy and is compatible, within large ambiguities, with the constraints from leptogenesis as an explanation of the baryon asymmetry in the Universe.
On the geometry of discret Michell trusses
Almegaard, Henrik
2011-01-01
given by Michell in 1904. A set of simple design rules are extracted and it is indicated how these rules can be used to construct discrete Michell truss geometries. A number of geometrical optimized discrete examples of known Michell trusses are presented and they meet these design rules very well.......This paper concerns design of two-dimensional minimum weight trusses with a limited number of bars and nodes, so called discrete Michell trusses. It is shown that the geometrical properties for such discrete systems found by Prager in 1978, is analogues to the properties for continuous systems...
Patil, Mahendra P; Sunoj, Raghavan B
2009-05-04
The mechanism of the organocatalyzed Michael addition between propanal and methyl vinyl ketone is investigated using the density functional and ab intio methods. Different modes of substrate activation offered by a secondary amine (pyrrolidine) organocatalyst are reported. The electrophilic activation of enone (P-I) through the formation of an iminium ion, and nucleophilic activation of propanal (P-II) in the form of enamine have been examined by identifying the corresponding transition states. The kinetic preference for the formation of key intermediates is established in an effort to identify the competing pathways associated with the title reaction. A comparison of barriers associated with different pathways as well as intermediate formation allows us to provide a suitable mechanistic rationale for Michael addition reactions catalyzed by a secondary amine. The overall barriers for the C-C bond formation pathways involving enol or iminium intermediates are identified as higher than the enamine pathway. Additionally, the generation of iminium is found to be less favored as compared to enamine formation. The effect of co-catalyst/protic solvent on the energetics of the overall reaction is also studied using the cluster continuum approach. Significant reduction in the activation energies for each step of the reaction is predicted for the solvent-assisted models. The co-catalyst assisted addition of propanal-enamine to methyl vinyl ketone is identified as the most preferred pathway (P-IV) for the Michael addition reaction. The results are in concurrence with the available experimental reports on the rate acceleration by the use of a co-catalyst in this reaction.
Compassionate leadership? Some reflections on the work and life of Michael Lapsley
Ian A. Nell
2016-03-01
Full Text Available In June 2007, I had the privilege of attending a Healing of Memories workshop lead by Father Michael Lapsley, one of the founder members of the Institute for Healing of Memories. The purpose of the workshop was to help the predominantly white members of a middle class Dutch Reformed congregation in the Northern Suburbs of Cape Town and the predominantly coloured members of a congregation of the Evangelical Lutheran Church in Elsies River on the Cape Flats, to share their stories of the past with regard to apartheid with each other. Apart from the stories that were told and the sharing of experiences about the apartheid history that took place, I was struck by the way in which Father Lapsley conducted the workshop. There was a deep compassion for all the participants as was embodied through the way in which he treated each of us with respect. But apart from his cordiality in leading the workshop, one could sense a deeper source of compassion, a source revealing a compassionate understanding of God�s presence amidst the violence and turmoil in our broken world. The aim of this article is to reflect on whether one could speak of something like �compassionate leadership�, and to take a closer look at the relationship between compassion and God images in the life and work of Michael Lapsley. Special attention will be given to the way in which he exercises leadership through his many involvements related to his own personal story of trauma.Intradisciplinary and/or interdisciplinary implications: This article presents literary research on the notion of compassionate leadership as a specific kind of leadership. The results indicate that the leadership of Father Michael Lapsley does indeed portray features of this kind of leadership. The research can become the source for finding new strategies for religious leadership.
Botnan, Magnus Bakke
2011-01-01
We study persistent homology, methods in discrete differential geometry and discrete Morse theory. Persistent homology is applied to computational biology and range image analysis. Theory from differential geometry is used to define curvature estimates of triangulated hypersurfaces. In particular, a well-known method for triangulated surfacesis generalised to hypersurfaces of any dimension. The thesis concludesby discussing a discrete analogue of Morse theory.
Maity, Sanjay; Parhi, Biswajit; Ghorai, Prasanta
2016-06-27
An unprecedented enantioselective peroxyhemiacetalization/oxa-Michael addition cascade of ortho-formyl homochalcones has been developed using cinchona-alkaloid-based chiral bifunctional organocatalysts to provide cis-configured exo-peroxyacetals, a new class of organic peroxide, in good yields with excellent enantio- and diastereoselectivities. The resulting cis-configured exo-peroxyacetals were converted into the corresponding trans-configured peroxyacetals without affecting the enantioselectivity. Furthermore, the displacement of the peroxide moiety of exo-peroxyacetals with various nucleophiles has been demonstrated to afford 1,3-disubstituted isochromans with high diastereoselectivities and excellent enantioselectivities. © 2016 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Michael Porter 30 anos depois de Estratégia Competitiva
Schneider,Aline; Carneiro,Marcelo; Serra, Fernando; Ferreira, Manuel Portugal
2008-01-01
Os estudos de estratégia empresarial têm sido muito influenciados pelos trabalhos de Michael Porter, em particular na estratégia competitiva, análise da indústria e das vantagens competitivas das nações. Neste artigo, analisamos a influência de Porter nos trabalhos brasileiros em estratégia, a partir dos trabalhos selecionados e apresentados no ENANPAD. No levantamento para a análise dos artigos, considerando 10 anos de ENANPAD (1997 – 2006), foram selecionados 46 artigos. A identificação e s...
Michael Lloyd. Sophocles: Electra : Duckworth, London, 2005, 160 pp.
Moretti, María Inés
2008-01-01
Este estudio sobre Electra de Sófocles pertenece a la serie «Duckworth Companions to Greek and Roman Tragedy», editada por Thomas Harrison, cuyo objetivo es proporcionar introducciones para tragedias antiguas y discutir los aspectos principales de las obras incorporando los nuevos desarrollos de la crítica moderna. Sophocles: Electra de Michael Lloyd, resulta al mismo tiempo un libro simple pero muy completo, didáctico, para un público no especializado, aunque interesante también para los esp...
Critical notice: Michael Tomasello on the “prosocial” human animal
Larsen, Steen Nepper
2014-01-01
Abstract According to Michael Tomasello humans cannot help to be informative. Apes, like chimps, do not point at each other, only humans do so in order to attract attention, i.e. to (get) help, play and share experiences. In shared cooperative activities, individual rationality is transformed...... of the prosocial nature of the infant lacks convincing arguments; Tomasello reflects and honours the Zeitgeist (i.e. the hope that we will see a scientific shift away from predominant methodological individualism towards more ‘social’ and ‘emphatic’ ways of thinking); his concepts of language as a tool...
The Great War and All That in A Hundred Doors by Michael Longley
Elisabeth Delattre
2015-03-01
Full Text Available The Great War has featured regularly in Michael Longley’s poetry, for personal, family, aesthetic and political reasons. His collection published in 2011 under the title A Hundred Doors contains a number of poems relating to his father and the so-called War Poets, in connection with others in which love and nature, life and death are also dominant themes. This article will show how, as elsewhere in his poetry, everything is interrelated, “the nature poetry”, in Longley’s words, “fertilizing the war poetry”.
Michael Farquhar, Circuits of Faith: Migration, Education and the Wahhabi Mission
Pétriat, Philippe
2017-01-01
Using the concept of what he calls a “transnational religious economy” centered on the Islamic University of Medina (IUM), Michael Farquhar’s Circuits of Faith is an important and historicized contribution to the debate over the export of Wahhabism and its role in global Salafism. The detailed history of the IUM is probably the main interest of this book based on an array of IUM publications (syllabuses) and interviews. It deals with historicized facts and provides precise knowledge of one o...
An Interview with Michael Betancourt, author of Agnotology & Crisis in Digital Capitalism
Sean Scanlan
2015-03-01
Full Text Available Sean Scanlan, NANO's editor, interviews artist, curator, art historian and critical theorist Michael Betancourt to discuss the nature of agnotology, a term that means the “creation of uncertainty and ambivalent ‘fact’; it is a competitive tool incompatible with the idealized ‘free market’ of capitalism.” Betancourt is skeptical of Big Data and the ways that the consumers who unknowingly “produce” data for business interpretation are increasingly becoming transformed into a “token of exchange (valorized by the database.”
2015-11-01
The APA Awards for Distinguished Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest recognize persons who have advanced psychology as a science and/or profession by a single extraordinary achievement or a lifetime of outstanding contributions in the public interest. The 2015 co-recipient of the Award for Distinguished Senior Career Contributions to Psychology in the Public Interest is Michael E. Lamb. Lamb was selected because his "work profoundly shaped the fields of developmental psychology, social welfare, child and family policy, and law." Lamb's award citation, biography, and a selected bibliography are presented here.
Zou, Liang-Hua; Philipps, Arne R; Raabe, Gerhard; Enders, Dieter
2015-01-12
An efficient, highly stereoselective asymmetric synthesis of fully functionalized cyclopentanes bearing an oxindole moiety and several other functional groups in one pot has been developed. Key step is an organocatalytic triple Michael domino reaction forming three C-C bonds and six stereocenters, including a quaternary one. Starting from equimolar amounts of simple substrates, a high molecular complexity can be reached after a Wittig olefination in one pot. The new protocol can easily be scaled up to gram amounts. © 2015 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
Social and Racial Problem Exposed in Michael Jackson’s Selected Songs
2015-01-01
In this thesis, I analyze some of Michael Jackson’ songs which concern to the negatively social and racial problem. Social problem that happened to the society in this world, then racial problem that happened to the Black people, such as: Skin Color, Prejudice, Discrimination, Stereotypes, and Racial Segregation. In his songs entitled Heal The World, We Are The World, and The Man In The Mirror have the meaning of to make a better world. Other songs entitled Black or White, and They Don’t Care...
Liokaftos, Dimitrios
2012-01-01
Arnold Schwarzenegger: Interdisciplinary Perspectives on Body and Image has been edited by Michael Butter, Patrick Keller, and Simon Wendt, all of whom have contributed individual essays to the volume.Most of the essays appearing in this collection were first presented at the “Arnold Schwarzenegger: Interdisziplinäre Perspektiven auf Körper und Image” conference that took place at the Heidelberg Centre for American Studies from September 18-20, 2009. Although there is no formal division of th...
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2003-01-01
WebLogic Platform8．1是BEA第一款中文化的产品．由此也足见BEA对这款产品以及中国市场的重视。为了这次“开发者日”．BEA公司CTO办公室首席技术专家Michael Smith也赶到中国．并接受了笔者的专访。以下是关于WebLogic Platform的对话。
Realismo y antirrealismo en la filosofía de Michael Dummett
Pablo Cubides; David González; David Rey
2013-01-01
Michael Dummett es reconocido por haber propuesto una caracterización semántica del debate realismo-antirrealismo. A partir de esta caracterización, Dummett busca defender una aproximación ascendente a los problemas metafísicos tradicionales, la cual consiste en resolver los desacuerdos metafísicos entre el realista y el antirrealista mediante la elaboración de teorías semánticas para ciertos conjuntos de enunciados. En este artículo argumentamos que la caracterización de Dummett no captura l...
Geometry and Hamiltonian mechanics on discrete spaces
Talasila, V.; Clemente Gallardo, J.J.; Clemente-Gallardo, J.; van der Schaft, Arjan
2004-01-01
Numerical simulation is often crucial for analysing the behaviour of many complex systems which do not admit analytic solutions. To this end, one either converts a 'smooth' model into a discrete (in space and time) model, or models systems directly at a discrete level. The goal of this paper is to
Current Density and Continuity in Discretized Models
Boykin, Timothy B.; Luisier, Mathieu; Klimeck, Gerhard
2010-01-01
Discrete approaches have long been used in numerical modelling of physical systems in both research and teaching. Discrete versions of the Schrodinger equation employing either one or several basis functions per mesh point are often used by senior undergraduates and beginning graduate students in computational physics projects. In studying…
Discretization vs. Rounding Error in Euler's Method
Borges, Carlos F.
2011-01-01
Euler's method for solving initial value problems is an excellent vehicle for observing the relationship between discretization error and rounding error in numerical computation. Reductions in stepsize, in order to decrease discretization error, necessarily increase the number of steps and so introduce additional rounding error. The problem is…
Ensemble simulations with discrete classical dynamics
Toxværd, Søren
2013-01-01
For discrete classical Molecular dynamics (MD) obtained by the "Verlet" algorithm (VA) with the time increment $h$ there exist a shadow Hamiltonian $\\tilde{H}$ with energy $\\tilde{E}(h)$, for which the discrete particle positions lie on the analytic trajectories for $\\tilde{H}$. $\\tilde...
Discretization vs. Rounding Error in Euler's Method
Borges, Carlos F.
2011-01-01
Euler's method for solving initial value problems is an excellent vehicle for observing the relationship between discretization error and rounding error in numerical computation. Reductions in stepsize, in order to decrease discretization error, necessarily increase the number of steps and so introduce additional rounding error. The problem is…
Discrete integrable system and its integrable coupling
LI Zhu
2009-01-01
This paper derives new discrete integrable system based on discrete isospectral problem. It shows that the hierarchy is completely integrable in the Liouville sense and possesses bi-Hamiltonian structure. Finally, integrable couplings of the obtained system is given by means of semi-direct sums of Lie algebras.
Type IIB orientifolds with discrete torsion
Karp, R L; Witten, Louis; Karp, Robert L; Witten, Louis
2001-01-01
We consider compact four-dimensional ${\\bf Z_N}\\times {\\bf Z_M}$ type IIB orientifolds, for certain values of $N$ and $M$. We allow the additional feature of discrete torsion and discuss the modification of the consistency conditions arising from tadpole cancellation. We point out the differences between the cases with and without discrete torsion.
Quantum dynamical entropies in discrete classical chaos
Benatti, Fabio [Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Universita di Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Cappellini, Valerio [Dipartimento di Fisica Teorica, Universita di Trieste, Strada Costiera 11, 34014 Trieste (Italy); Zertuche, Federico [Instituto de Matematicas, UNAM, Unidad Cuernavaca, AP 273-3, Admon. 3, 62251 Cuernavaca, Morelos (Mexico)
2004-01-09
We discuss certain analogies between quantization and discretization of classical systems on manifolds. In particular, we will apply the quantum dynamical entropy of Alicki and Fannes to numerically study the footprints of chaos in discretized versions of hyperbolic maps on the torus.
Discrete Riccati equation solutions: Distributed algorithms
D. G. Lainiotis
1996-01-01
Full Text Available In this paper new distributed algorithms for the solution of the discrete Riccati equation are introduced. The algorithms are used to provide robust and computational efficient solutions to the discrete Riccati equation. The proposed distributed algorithms are theoretically interesting and computationally attractive.
Crum's Theorem for `Discrete' Quantum Mechanics
Odake, Satoru; Sasaki, Ryu
2009-01-01
In one-dimensional quantum mechanics, or the Sturm-Liouville theory, Crum's theorem describes the relationship between the original and the associated Hamiltonian systems, which are iso-spectral except for the lowest energy state. Its counterpart in `discrete' quantum mechanics is formulated algebraically, elucidating the basic structure of the discrete quantum mechanics, whose Schr\\"odinger equation is a difference equation.
Nonlocality and discrete cellular methods in optics
Wijers, C.M.J.; Boeij, de P.L.
2001-01-01
A subdivision of space into discrete cells underlies the traditional discrete dipole model. This model presumes that only nonlocal electric interactions between cells govern the electromagnetic response of a condensed matter system. Apart from the case of simple dielectrics, this is not realistic. C