WorldWideScience

Sample records for merchant seamen

  1. Merchant Seamen Monument

    OpenAIRE

    1991-01-01

    Postcard. Colour photograph of Merchant Seamen Monument. Printed description on reverse "This memorial was erected in remembrance of the merchant seamen from Limerick and the Shannon Estuary Seamen who lost their lives in the course of duty". 1991 Limerick Treaty 300 logo.

  2. Psychoactive substances consumption in French fishermen and merchant seamen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fort, Emmanuel; Massardier-Pilonchéry, Amélie; Bergeret, Alain

    2010-06-01

    The aim of this study is to assess tobacco consumption, nicotine dependence as diagnosed by Fagerström test, alcohol consumption, alcohol dependence as diagnosed by CAGE questionnaire and drug consumption in French seamen. Results are presented according to job category: fishermen and merchant seamen. French seamen were recruited from a stratified survey of 19 ports in France. Subjects completed a questionnaire during their annual medical check-up. The questionnaire covered demographic and professional items, tobacco, alcohol and drug consumption behaviour. Nicotine and alcohol dependence were, respectively, assessed by the Fagerström Test for Nicotine Dependence (FTND) and a French version of the CAGE questionnaire. A urine test was used to detect cannabis derivatives. Prevalence rates for current smoking and daily alcohol consumption were higher in fishermen than merchant seamen. The prevalence of nicotine dependence on FTND was likewise higher in fisherman smokers, who also showed more intense smoking behaviour. The category of seamen did not correlate with alcohol addiction, but differences in alcohol-related behaviour emerged between fishermen and merchant seamen. Prevalence of cannabis and other drug use was higher in merchant seamen, although the two categories of seaman did not differ with respect to recent use of cannabis. Demographic factors cannot fully explain these differences, as multivariate analysis showed significantly greater risks in marine fisheries. Alcohol and tobacco consumption are a major public health problem for seafarers. Fishermen seem to be more liable to high consumption. Working conditions may explain these differences.

  3. Mortality among Danish merchant seamen from 1970 to 1985

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brandt, L P; Kirk, N U; Jensen, O C

    1994-01-01

    dependent on age and marital status. The highest mortality rate ratios (MRR) were found among young seamen and unmarried seamen. MRRs of 1.90 and 2.47 for cancer of the respiratory system were found among engine officers and crew. The MRRs for accidents and suicide were increased for all seamen, and were...... highest for crew members, among whom the MRR from accidents was stable within age groups but fell for suicide with increasing age. The same pattern was found with cirrhosis of the liver, although this was positively associated with increasing age. Excess mortality from ischemic heart disease was only...

  4. 26 CFR 1.871-3 - Residence of alien seamen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 26 Internal Revenue 9 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Residence of alien seamen. 1.871-3 Section 1.871... (CONTINUED) INCOME TAXES Nonresident Aliens and Foreign Corporations § 1.871-3 Residence of alien seamen. In order to determine whether an alien seaman is a resident of the United States for purposes of the income...

  5. 46 CFR 308.306 - Second Seamen's War Risk Policy, Form MA-242.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Second Seamen's War Risk Policy, Form MA-242. 308.306... RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.306 Second Seamen's War Risk Policy, Form MA-242. (a) The standard form of Second Seamen's War Risk Policy Form MA-242, may be obtained from the...

  6. Barry Merchant's new novel

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Johansen, Ib

    2016-01-01

    Review of Barry Merchant: A Quest for Self Discovery: An East End lad battles poverty and depression in his search for God and redemption. Mereo Books, 2016.......Review of Barry Merchant: A Quest for Self Discovery: An East End lad battles poverty and depression in his search for God and redemption. Mereo Books, 2016....

  7. Asbestos-related chest X-ray changes among Greek merchant marine seamen

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Velonakis, E.G.; Tsorva, A.; Tzonou, A.; Trichopoulos, D.

    1989-01-01

    One hundred forty-one retired Greek mariners were examined radiologically for asbestos-related lung disease. Thirty-eight (27%) had small opacities classified as ILO category 1/0 or more; 37 (26%) had radiologic evidence of pleural lesions; 17 (12%) had both parenchymal and pleural lesions; and a total of 58 (41%) had one or more radiologic findings of asbestos-related lung disease. In discriminant analysis, duration of maritime employment was predictive of pleural lesions, but the association was not statistically significant (one-tail, p = .16). The prevalence of pleural lesions was also higher among sailors than among officers, and this association was statistically significant (one-tail, p = .05). In this group, none of the occupational variables studied (age, duration of maritime employment, and rank) was related to lung fibrosis. After controlling by multiple regression for mutual confounding effects, suggestive negative associations for the presence of pleural lesions were found with FVC (one-tail, p = .13) as well as with FEF25% (one-tail, p = .09) and FEF50% (one-tail, p = .07). By contrast, no association was found between pulmonary fibrosis and any of the respiratory volumes. The results of this study suggest that mariners may present evidence of asbestos-related disease after many years from onset of exposure on ships

  8. International Legal Regulation of Seamen Work: Current State

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandra V. Aleshina

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available In article questions of international legal regulation of work of seamen are considered, activities of the International Labour Organization for preparation of standards in the field of protection of the rights of workers are lit. This organization made an essential contribution to development of standards in the sphere of a labor activity of the seamen on questions concerning special working conditions, and also protection of the rights of this employee category. The author analysed provisions of the Convention on work in sea navigation of 2006 which replaced with itself the existing sea conventions of the ILO and the related recommendations. She establishes the minimum international requirements concerning almost all aspects of working conditions and accommodation of seamen on the vessel: the minimum age, suitability for health reasons, professional training, terms of employment, including the rights concerning compensation, a paid annual leave, repatriation, duration of operating time and rest. In the course of scientific research the author comes to a conclusion that the Convention on work accepted in 2006 in sea navigation considerably simplifies the procedure of regulation of employment relationships on ocean ships owing to high extent of standardization of its precepts of law having comprehensive character and also their consolidation in the single document.

  9. Marketing Strategy for Merchant Shipbuilders

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-01-01

    1995 Ship Production Symposium Paper No. 26: Marketing Strategy for Merchant Shipbuilders U.S. DEPARTMENT OF THE NAVY CARDEROCK DIVISION, NAVAL...Production Symposium Paper No. 26: Marketing Strategy for Merchant Shipbuilders 5a. CONTRACT NUMBER 5b. GRANT NUMBER 5c. PROGRAM ELEMENT NUMBER 6... Marketing Strategy for Merchant Shipbuilders Paul W. Stott (V), A&P Appledore international, U.K. ABSTRACT Much has been published over the years about

  10. [Quality of a life of military seamen of Northern fleet].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosiagin, I G; Sakharov, O S; Gubernitskaia, S V

    2010-05-01

    Research of quality of a life of military seamen with use of the Russian-speaking version of the general questionnaire of health "Medical Outcomes Study-Short Forms" (SF-36) is conducted. 600 military men at the age from 18 till 55 years are surveyed. Military seamen have highly appreciated the quality of a life. Absolute values of indicators of quality of a life on all scales 70 points that is considered, how very high there are more. The physical component of health is estimated by military men above, than psychological. Values of indicators of quality of a life on all scales of questionnaire SF-36 at men were above, than at women, with preservation of the general tendency more an appreciation of a physical component of health. Military men on an appeal have estimated the quality of a life above, than military men under the contract. Essential distinctions in an estimation of quality of a life in group of military men under the contract it is not revealed.

  11. MERCHANT MARINE SHIP REACTOR

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mumm, J.F.; North, D.C. Jr.; Rock, H.R.; Geston, D.K.

    1961-05-01

    A nuclear reactor is described for use in a merchant marine ship. The reactor is of pressurized light water cooled and moderated design in which three passes of the water through the core in successive regions of low, intermediate, and high heat generation and downflow in a fuel region are made. The foregoing design makes a compact reactor construction with extended core life. The core has an egg-crate lattice containing the fuel elements confined between a lower flow baffle and upper grid plate, with the latter serving also as part of a turn- around manifold from which the entire coolant is distributed into the outer fuel elements for the second pass through the core. The inner fuel elements are cooled in the third pass.

  12. Development of the merchant plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wolfinger, R.; Gilliss, M.B.

    1998-07-01

    The co-authors of this paper are currently involved in over 1500 megawatts of merchant plant developments in the US. This paper will discuss the latest in combined cycle steam reheat ``H and G'' technology. Big improvements in heat rates along with substantial drop in installed cost will make this power cycle the leading merchant plant of the future. This paper will compare the actual present day performance and clearing price of a state-of-the-art merchant plant versus utility dispatch cost duration curves, known as ``system lambda''. Deregulation of the power market will ultimately provide an open market for these efficient plants to compete effectively against aging utility plants. Comparison of utility system heat rates versus merchant plant heat rates along with an increase need for generation capacity and forecasts of stable gas prices supports to the potential for a large scale building program of these high efficiency generators. This paper will also review the capacity crunch in the Northeast and Wisconsin and how problems with nuclear plants may accelerate the need for merchant plants. This paper will compare the required capacity for the population growth in the SERC Region and in Florida and how this will produce a potential ``hot bed'' for merchant plant development.

  13. Development of the merchant plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wolfinger, R.; Gilliss, M.B.

    1998-01-01

    The co-authors of this paper are currently involved in over 1500 megawatts of merchant plant developments in the US. This paper will discuss the latest in combined cycle steam reheat ''H and G'' technology. Big improvements in heat rates along with substantial drop in installed cost will make this power cycle the leading merchant plant of the future. This paper will compare the actual present day performance and clearing price of a state-of-the-art merchant plant versus utility dispatch cost duration curves, known as ''system lambda''. Deregulation of the power market will ultimately provide an open market for these efficient plants to compete effectively against aging utility plants. Comparison of utility system heat rates versus merchant plant heat rates along with an increase need for generation capacity and forecasts of stable gas prices supports to the potential for a large scale building program of these high efficiency generators. This paper will also review the capacity crunch in the Northeast and Wisconsin and how problems with nuclear plants may accelerate the need for merchant plants. This paper will compare the required capacity for the population growth in the SERC Region and in Florida and how this will produce a potential ''hot bed'' for merchant plant development

  14. How bad were British prison hulks in the Napolenic wars? Evidence from captured Danish and Norwegian seamen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Leunig, Timothy; Lottum, Jelle van; Poulsen, Bo

    2016-01-01

    This article uses a novel data source to test whether British Napoleonic prison hulks were as bad as many claim, and whether they were perceived to be bad by seamen who risked ending up in them. We find that they were not so bad: death rates of imprisoned Danish and Norwegian seamen were low. We...... test the perceptions of seamen by seeing whether those with the most options in the labour market (tall people) continued to choose to go to sea after war was declared. We find that they do. We therefore conclude that Danish and Norwegian seamen were not scared of the British Navy or British prison...

  15. How bad were British prison hulks in the Napoleonic wars? : Evidence from captured Danish and Norwegian seamen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Leunig, Tim; Lottum, van Jelle; Poulsen, Bo

    2016-01-01

    This article uses a novel data source to test whether British Napoleonic prison hulks were as bad as many claim, and whether they were perceived to be bad by seamen who risked ending up in them. We find that they were not so bad: death rates of imprisoned Danish and Norwegian seamen were low. We

  16. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sicily...

  17. [Health status of thyroid and related influencing factors in seamen in Zhoushan, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yao, Yaqnzhen; Bao, Zhoujun; Yu, Qian; Li, Yiwei; Wang, Huijun

    2015-12-01

    To investigate the health status of the thyroid and related influencing factors in the seamen in Zhoushan, China. A total of 136 coastal seamen (coastal group), 104 deep-sea seamen (deep-sea group), and 272 base staff (base group) who underwent physical examinations in 2014 were selected. Questionnaire survey and ultrasound were performed, and levels of thyroid hormone and urinary iodine were measured. Compared with the coastal group and the base group, the deep-sea group had a significantly higher rate of abnormal ultrasound findings (49.04% vs 30.88%/28.67%, Pserum free thyroxine (FT4) (25.00% vs 9.56%/6.25%, Pcoastal group, the risk factors for thyroid abnormality on ultrasound were obesity shown by body mass index (BMI) (OR=2.55, 95% CI=1.13~4.13) and annual working time>6 months (OR=4.25, 95% CI=2.02~8.26) (both P6 months (OR=5.33, 95% CI=3.18~9.23) (both P<0.05). The thyroid abnormality in deep-sea seamen is caused by various reasons and is correlated with annual working time, working environment and area, and iodine nutritional status.

  18. Association between environment and psycho-emotional stress experienced at sea by Lithuanian and Latvian seamen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salyga, Jonas; Juozulynas, Algirdas

    2006-01-01

    This is the first scientific research in Lithuania and Latvia that involves a national cross-sectional study of the seamen of two different countries--Lithuania and Latvia--including the evaluation and comparison of seamen's working environment, lifestyle, health, the prevalence of health-damaging risk factors, as well as the causative relationships between the objective and subjective health evaluation and psycho-emotional stress experienced at sea. The aim of the study was to investigate the frequency and predictors of the psycho-emotional stress experienced at sea by Lithuanian and Latvian seamen. Beside the common statistical methods, the logistic stepwise regression analysis was used in order to find the risk factors of the self-rated stress and to correct the risk estimates for the confounding variables. Seamen of both countries indicated that they experienced psycho-emotional stress after, on the average, 2.7-2.8 months from the beginning of the voyage. More than one-half (57.5%) of Latvian seamen stated that they had experienced psycho-emotional stress, whereas the respective percentage of Lithuanian seamen was smaller (46.1%). The obtained findings showed that, having evaluated the influence of all the analyzed factors (industry-specific, health and lifestyle, medical and demographic), there was no significant difference between the seamen of the two countries concerning the experience of psycho-emotional stress on the ship. The following main prognostic factors related to the occurrence of psycho-emotional stress on the ship were determined: higher or specialized secondary education level (pwork per day when being exposed to detrimental factors (pstress was mostly influenced by work in the environment requiring increased visual strain (pstress on the ship: depression that occurred more frequently at sea than on shore (pworking and resting regimen due to time zone changes (pregular sexual life (p<0.001). Many of the unique aspects of seafaring are

  19. Tamil merchant in ancient Mesopotamia.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malliya Gounder Palanichamy

    Full Text Available Recent analyses of ancient Mesopotamian mitochondrial genomes have suggested a genetic link between the Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamian civilization. There is no consensus on the origin of the ancient Mesopotamians. They may be descendants of migrants, who founded regional Mesopotamian groups like that of Terqa or they may be merchants who were involved in trans Mesopotamia trade. To identify the Indian source population showing linkage to the ancient Mesopotamians, we screened a total of 15,751 mitochondrial DNAs (11,432 from the literature and 4,319 from this study representing all major populations of India. Our results although suggest that south India (Tamil Nadu and northeast India served as the source of the ancient Mesopotamian mtDNA gene pool, mtDNA of these ancient Mesopotamians probably contributed by Tamil merchants who were involved in the Indo-Roman trade.

  20. Tamil Merchant in Ancient Mesopotamia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palanichamy, Malliya gounder; Mitra, Bikash; Debnath, Monojit; Agrawal, Suraksha; Chaudhuri, Tapas Kumar; Zhang, Ya-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Recent analyses of ancient Mesopotamian mitochondrial genomes have suggested a genetic link between the Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamian civilization. There is no consensus on the origin of the ancient Mesopotamians. They may be descendants of migrants, who founded regional Mesopotamian groups like that of Terqa or they may be merchants who were involved in trans Mesopotamia trade. To identify the Indian source population showing linkage to the ancient Mesopotamians, we screened a total of 15,751 mitochondrial DNAs (11,432 from the literature and 4,319 from this study) representing all major populations of India. Our results although suggest that south India (Tamil Nadu) and northeast India served as the source of the ancient Mesopotamian mtDNA gene pool, mtDNA of these ancient Mesopotamians probably contributed by Tamil merchants who were involved in the Indo-Roman trade. PMID:25299580

  1. Tamil merchant in ancient Mesopotamia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palanichamy, Malliya Gounder; Mitra, Bikash; Debnath, Monojit; Agrawal, Suraksha; Chaudhuri, Tapas Kumar; Zhang, Ya-Ping

    2014-01-01

    Recent analyses of ancient Mesopotamian mitochondrial genomes have suggested a genetic link between the Indian subcontinent and Mesopotamian civilization. There is no consensus on the origin of the ancient Mesopotamians. They may be descendants of migrants, who founded regional Mesopotamian groups like that of Terqa or they may be merchants who were involved in trans Mesopotamia trade. To identify the Indian source population showing linkage to the ancient Mesopotamians, we screened a total of 15,751 mitochondrial DNAs (11,432 from the literature and 4,319 from this study) representing all major populations of India. Our results although suggest that south India (Tamil Nadu) and northeast India served as the source of the ancient Mesopotamian mtDNA gene pool, mtDNA of these ancient Mesopotamians probably contributed by Tamil merchants who were involved in the Indo-Roman trade.

  2. Evaluating the merchant transmission market

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hsieh, E.; Bartholomew Fisher, E.

    2007-01-01

    This paper reviewed the North American bulk electric transmission system, with particular reference to the following merchant power transmission projects that have applied to sell transmission at negotiated rates by the Federal Energy Regulatory Commission (FERC): Cross Sound Cable; Neptune Phase 1; TransCanada's Northern Lights HVDC line; Montana Alberta Tie; Juan de Fuca Cable; Linden VFT; Connecticut-Long Island Cable; Lake Erie Link; Empire Connection; Harbor Cable; Chesapeake Transmission; and the Neptune/Green Line. The projects were sorted by status as either active, inactive and restructured. Each summary included the interconnection points, capacity, and sponsor. This paper also identified the major hurdles in their approvals. The relative success of the merchant transmission framework in attracting new investment was then reviewed. The successful projects shared 3 common attributes. They connected areas with large price differentials and they used advanced flow control technology such as HVDC, PARs, and VFTs. The successful projects also bridged some type of border, either geographic, electrical, economic, or a combination. Three of the active projects crossed the Canadian-US border, while the other 3 connected New York City to neighbouring regions. It was shown that merchant transmission fills a niche, enabling market responses to connect areas that may be overlooked by a regional planning process. 27 refs

  3. The city of the merchant

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Barnow, Niels Finn

    The City of the Merchant deals with cities, towns and villages in the European medieval period - i.e. in post-antique and pre-industrial Europe. In actual fact, the book mainly deals with Denmark and Northern Italy (the City States), with digressions to other "feudal" localities in France on Sici......, in the middle East, the Crusades, in Germany (the Hansatic League) and, finally, as far a field as the Danish West Indies. The book is part of a larger project that comprises other historical environments....

  4. Hospital contacts for injuries and musculoskeletal diseases among seamen and fishermen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaerlev, Linda; Jensen, Anker; Nielsen, Per Sabro

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: We studied musculoskeletal diseases (MSD) and injuries among fishermen and seamen with focus on low back disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS), rotator cuff syndrome and arthrosis. METHODS: Cohorts of all male Danish seamen (officers and non-officers) and fishermen employed 1994......-analysis revealed that the highest risk for CTS was found among male non-officers working as deck crew, SIR 233 (95% CI: 166-317) based on 40 cases. Among officers, the SIRs for injuries and MSDs were low. The number of employed Danish fishermen declined with 25% 1994-1999 to 3470. Short-term employments were...... common. None of the SIRs increased with increasing length of employment. CONCLUSION: Both fishermen and non-officers have high SIRs for injuries and fishermen also for MSD. Only the SIR for injuries among fishermen was augmented between 1994 and 1999. Our findings suggest an association between...

  5. Regulatory Issues Surrounding Merchant Interconnection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kuijlaars, Kees-Jan; Zwart, Gijsbert

    2003-11-01

    We discussed various issues concerning the regulatory perspective on private investment in interconnectors. One might claim that leaving investment in transmission infrastructure to competing market parties is more efficient than relying on regulated investment only (especially in the case of long (DC) lines connecting previously unconnected parts of the grids, so that externalities from e.g. loop flows do not play a significant role). We considered that some aspects of interconnection might reduce these market benefits. In particular, the large fixed costs of interconnection construction may lead to significant under investment (due to both first mover monopoly power and the fact that part of generation cost efficiencies realised by interconnection are not captured by the investor itself, and remain external to the investment decision). Second, merchant ownership restricts future opportunities for adaptation of regulation, as would be required e.g. for introduction of potentially more sophisticated methods of congestion management or market splitting. Some of the disadvantages of merchant investment may be mitigated however by a suitable regulatory framework, and we discussed some views in this direction. The issues we discussed are not intended to give a complete framework, and detailed regulation will certainly involve many more specific requirements. Areas we did not touch upon include e.g. the treatment of deep connection costs, rules for operation and maintenance of the line, and impact on availability of capacity on other interconnections

  6. Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java

    OpenAIRE

    Claver, A.

    2014-01-01

    Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java describes the vanished commercial world of colonial Java. Alexander Claver shows the challenges of a demanding business environment by highlighting trade and finance mechanisms, and the relationships between the participants involved.

  7. Gypsies, Jews, and "The Merchant of Venice."

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKendy, Thomas

    1988-01-01

    Shows how looking at Shakespeare's prejudices and their roots, as seen in "The Merchant of Venice," can teach students not only about historical attitudes but also about their own unacknowledged assumptions and stereotypes. (MM)

  8. Compatible volume-taper equations for predicting merchantable ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Compatible systems of merchantable total tree cubic volume and stem taper equations are derived by integrating an existing volume equation. The systems are developed to yield volume at any merchantable length, total volume and for any merchantable top diameter. It is also demonstrated that the most common types of ...

  9. Historic survey on nuclear merchant ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Freire, Luciano Ondir; Andrade, Delvonei Alves de

    2015-01-01

    Highlights: • The nuclear merchants ships already built are described and studied. • Their history and main architectural choices are presented, focusing nuclear domain. • The typical problems in those projects are discussed. • Some key factors for developing successful nuclear merchant ships are identified. - Abstract: This work provides a survey on past nuclear merchant ships experience. On light of new regulations on CO 2 , SO x and NO x , the options for clean naval propulsion need to be studied. Despite many efforts, the only already sea proven emissions-free energy is nuclear power of pressurized water reactor type. Given the past experience on the field, this work provides some information on history, architectures and hints of reasons for the success or failures of each project. It is found that adequate requirements identification must be done keeping economics always in the center of design. Experience shows, except after major catastrophic accidents, public trust may be earned by open dialog and sound engineering practices.

  10. 77 FR 31518 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ..., which were necessary to improve maritime safety and promote the national security interest of the United... Merchant Mariner Licensing and Documentation program, which were necessary to improve maritime safety and... INFORMATION CONTACT: If you have questions on this rule, call or email Mr. Gerald Miante, Maritime Personnel...

  11. Merchant Banks Fortunes And Structureal Challenges Of Universal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study examined universal banking and its impact on the fortunes merchant banks in the Port Harcourt business environment. To achieve the purpose of the study, questionnaire and personal interview instruments were used, and this involved 15 executives of five merchant banks operating in Port Harcourt metropolis.

  12. Total tree, merchantable stem and branch volume models for ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Total tree, merchantable stem and branch volume models for miombo woodlands of Malawi. Daud J Kachamba, Tron Eid. Abstract. The objective of this study was to develop general (multispecies) models for prediction of total tree, merchantable stem and branch volume including options with diameter at breast height (dbh) ...

  13. 78 FR 21134 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee; Vacancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-09

    ... consideration for appointment as members to the Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee (MEDMAC). MEDMAC provides advice to the United States Coast Guard on matters related to medical certification determinations... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2011-1114] Merchant Mariner Medical...

  14. 76 FR 77546 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee; Vacancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-12-13

    ... Guard seeks applications for membership on the Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee. This Committee provides advice to the Coast Guard on matters related to medical certification determinations for... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2011-1114] Merchant Mariner Medical...

  15. [The wine merchant as weight watcher].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rössner, S

    1996-01-01

    Berry Brothers & Rudd Ltd are a company of wine merchants, based in central London, with traditions dating from the 18th century. From the beginning the company traded in colonial goods. This required a pair of scales. Buying coffe became an opportunity for a weighing session for the customers and over the years since 1765 weight records from the British nobility and gentry are available in seven leatherbound ledgers. Several interesting weight histories can be documented by the study of these well kept records. They illustrate that there was a need to measure body weight, long before the association between relative body weight and health had become clear.

  16. A view of merchant coke in Shanxi Province of China

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Li Naiyi [Xin Yuan Law Firm, Beijing (China)

    2003-07-01

    The paper describes the production of merchant coke in Shanxi province both before and after 1999. Production by beehive ovens reached a peak in 1995. Despite being banned in 1996 this technology was used until the end of 2000. Since 2000, advanced machinery recovery ovens with carbonization chambers of over 3 or 4 metres have been built, along with non-recovery 'clean beehive ovens'. The supply and demand of merchant coke, from Shanxi is discussed. Recently 75% of China's merchant coke has been produced in Shanxi.

  17. Two is Company, N is a Crowd? Merchant Guilds and Social Capital

    OpenAIRE

    Dessi, Roberta; Piccolo, Salvatore

    2009-01-01

    Local merchant guilds were ubiquitous in medieval Europe, and their development was inextricably linked with the development of towns and the rise of the merchant class. We develop a theory of the emergence of local merchant guilds as an efficient mechanism to implement collusion among merchants and rulers, building on the natural complementarity between merchants’ market trading and mutual monitoring. Our model explains the main observed features of local merchant guilds’ behavior, their rul...

  18. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III--TEST FOR "THE MERCHANT OF VENICE."

    Science.gov (United States)

    KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

    THIS TEST--"THE MERCHANT OF VENICE"--WAS DESIGNED BY THE OREGON CURRICULUM STUDY CENTER FOR A NINTH-GRADE LITERATURE CURRICULUM. IT IS INTENDED TO ACCOMPANY CURRICULUM UNITS AVAILABLE AS ED 010 815 AND ED 010 816. (MM)

  19. Death at sea: certain factors responsible for occupational hazard in Polish seamen and deep-sea fishermen.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaremin, B; Kotulak, E; Starnawska, M; Mroziński, W; Wojciechowski, E

    1997-01-01

    Deaths at sea, namely work-related fatal cases, are registered in all fleets throughout the world. Considering the medical and legal aspects, they are subject to notification, inquest, and possible indemnity. The aim of the study was to identify causes, circumstances, and mortality rates among Polish seamen and deep-see fishermen. The group studied comprised 113,260 employees of one shipping company and two fishing enterprises. Out of this number 148 fatal cases (109 seamen and 39 fishermen) registered during the years 1985-94 were investigated thoroughly. Mean annual rates of mortality (130.6) and fatal accidents (67.8) were calculated per 100,000 employees. They occurred to be higher than those among fishermen and the male population of the same age group (20-59 years) employed in various branches of the land economy, yet remaining lower compared to data on British and American seamen and fishermen. The risk of death was particularly high in persons above 40 years of age. It was demonstrated that unlike in the general population, 52% of deaths were due to external causes; primarily sea catastrophes, injuries, poisoning and missing. Among internal causes, circulatory diseases accounted for over 80% of deaths, including one fifth of cases due to acute myocardial infarction. In one third of these cases, cardiac failure had been already diagnosed before the voyage. The following circumstances were specific to deaths occurring during the voyage: deaths at open sea, frequently in the state of being alone in the cabin, no possibility of evacuating sick person to land medical institution, limited access to qualified medical assistance and effective rescue from outside, poor life-saving facilities and difficult communication. It was indicated that in a substantial percentage of fatal cases an adverse effect of the work performed, navigation and weather conditions proved to be hazardous, life-threatening and responsible for the fatal outcome. Sixty per cent of deaths were

  20. Hospital contacts for injuries and musculoskeletal diseases among seamen and fishermen: A population-based cohort study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olsen Jørn

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We studied musculoskeletal diseases (MSD and injuries among fishermen and seamen with focus on low back disorders, carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS, rotator cuff syndrome and arthrosis. Methods Cohorts of all male Danish seamen (officers and non-officers and fishermen employed 1994 and 1999 with at least six months employment history were linked to the Occupational Hospitalisation Register. We calculated standardised incidence ratios (SIR for the two time periods, using rates for the entire Danish workforce as a reference. Results Among fishermen, we found high SIRs for knee arthrosis, thoraco-lumbar disc disorders, injuries and statistically significant SIRs above 200 were seen for both rotator cuff syndrome and CTS. The SIR was augmented for injuries and reduced for hip arthrosis between the two time periods. The SIRs for injuries and CTS were high for non-officers. A sub-analysis revealed that the highest risk for CTS was found among male non-officers working as deck crew, SIR 233 (95% CI: 166–317 based on 40 cases. Among officers, the SIRs for injuries and MSDs were low. The number of employed Danish fishermen declined with 25% 1994–1999 to 3470. Short-term employments were common. None of the SIRs increased with increasing length of employment. Conclusion Both fishermen and non-officers have high SIRs for injuries and fishermen also for MSD. Only the SIR for injuries among fishermen was augmented between 1994 and 1999. Our findings suggest an association between the incidence of rotator cuff syndrome and CTS and work within fishery. Long-term cumulative effects of employment were not shown for any of the disease outcomes. Other conditions may play a role.

  1. 33 CFR 1.01-20 - Officer in Charge, Marine Inspection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... action in cases of misconduct, negligence, or incompetence of merchant marine officers or seamen; and the..., negligence, misconduct, unskillfulness, incompetence or misbehavior of persons holding merchant mariner's...

  2. 12 CFR 225.174 - What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking investments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking investments? 225.174 Section 225.174 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF...) Regulations Merchant Banking Investments § 225.174 What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking...

  3. 12 CFR 1500.5 - What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking investments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking investments? 1500.5 Section 1500.5 Banks and Banking DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS MERCHANT BANKING INVESTMENTS § 1500.5 What aggregate thresholds apply to merchant banking investments? (a...

  4. 12 CFR 1500.3 - What are the holding periods permitted for merchant banking investments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the holding periods permitted for merchant banking investments? 1500.3 Section 1500.3 Banks and Banking DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS MERCHANT BANKING INVESTMENTS § 1500.3 What are the holding periods permitted for merchant banking...

  5. Merchant electricity transmission expansion: A European case study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kristiansen, T.; Rosellon, J.

    2010-01-01

    We apply a merchant transmission model to the trilateral market coupling (TLC) arrangement among the Netherlands, Belgium and France as an example, and note that it could further be applied to other market splitting or coupling of Europe's different national power markets. In this merchant framework the system operator allocates financial transmission rights (FTRs) to investors in transmission expansion based upon their preferences, and revenue adequacy. The independent system operator (ISO) preserves some proxy FTRs to manage potential negative externalities that may result from expansion projects. This scheme could help European market coupling arrangements attract additional investment. (author)

  6. A Teacher's Guide for "The Merchant of Venice" and "Othello."

    Science.gov (United States)

    WGBH-TV, Boston, MA.

    William Shakespeare has influenced most, if not all, Western playwrights. His techniques, themes, characters, and plots are contained in much of what is produced today, from television to Broadway. This teacher's guide provides summaries of the plays "The Merchant of Venice" and "Othello," essays, and corresponding student…

  7. 77 FR 11142 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-24

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2012-0133] Merchant Marine Personnel... at the Hilton San Francisco Airport Bayfront Hotel, 600 Airport Blvd., Burlingame, CA 94010. For..., we are inviting public comment on the issues to be considered by the working group, which are listed...

  8. 78 FR 33855 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-05

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2011-0138] Merchant Mariner Medical..., Maryland 20674-0075. For further information about the Paul Hall Center hotel facilities or services for... participation, we are inviting public comment on the issues to be considered by the working groups as listed in...

  9. 77 FR 65570 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-29

    ... DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY Coast Guard [Docket No. USCG-2012-0968] Merchant Marine Personnel... hotel facilities or services for individuals with disabilities or to request special assistance, contact... comment on the issues to be considered by the work group, which are listed in the ``Agenda'' section below...

  10. MERCHANT OF VENICE. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III, TEACHER VERSION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

    THIS TEACHING GUIDE ON "THE MERCHANT OF VENICE" WAS PREPARED FOR USE IN A NINTH-GRADE LITERATURE CURRICULUM. THE PURPOSE OF THE GUIDE WAS TO ILLUMINATE THE PLAY AS A WHOLE, AND TO SUGGEST TO THE TEACHER SOME USEFUL PRINCIPLES FOR FRAMING QUESTIONS AND GUIDING DISCUSSIONS IN THE CLASSROOM. THE GUIDE WAS NOT TO BE USED, HOWEVER, AS A BASE…

  11. Case Studies in Censorship: Censoring "The Merchant of Venice."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gray, Richard A.

    1991-01-01

    Reviews censorship of "The Merchant of Venice," which has been based on its portrayal of the Jewish character Shylock. Background information is followed by an annotated bibliography which includes 15 citations dealing with Shylock, 22 citations to articles that address the censorship of the play, and 64 works of literature that have…

  12. THE MERCHANT OF VENICE. LITERATURE CURRICULUM III, STUDENT VERSION.

    Science.gov (United States)

    KITZHABER, ALBERT R.

    A GUIDE WAS PRODUCED FOR STUDENT USE IN NINTH-GRADE STUDY OF "THE MERCHANT OF VENICE." THE GUIDE PRESENTED SEVERAL ALTERNATE APPROACHES FOR UNDERSTANDING THE PLAY AND LEARNING ITS CONTENT. A MAJOR EMPHASIS OF THE GUIDE WAS PLACED ON THREE FORMS OF STUDENT QUESTIONS, RELATED TO SPECIFIC ACTS AND SCENES, THE CHARACTERS IN THE DRAMA, AND…

  13. 78 FR 63232 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-23

    ... Director of Commercial Regulations and Standards on matters relating to personnel in the U.S. merchant marine, including but not limited to training, qualifications, certification, documentation, and fitness... judgment to the Secretary. A copy of all meeting documentation is available at https://homeport.uscg.mil by...

  14. PESTICIDES USE AMONG GRAIN MERCHANTS IN MUBI GRAIN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AGROSEARCH UIL

    Key words: Pesticides, food security, grain merchants, storage, perception. INTRODUCTION. Food security in sub-Saharan Africa largely depends upon improved food productivity through the use of sustainable agricultural practices and the reduction of post-harvest losses caused by pests and diseases (Adedire, 2001).

  15. Pesticides Use among Grain Merchants in Mubi Grain Markets of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    It is, therefore, recommended that farmers, retailers, distributors and all the pesticide workers should undergo regular training/workshop on the use and safety measures of pesticides. Also multimedia awareness activities in local language should be massively conducted. Key words: Pesticides, food security, grain merchants ...

  16. Research, Action, and Participation: The Merchant Shipping Case.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walton, Richard E.; Gaffney, Michael E.

    1989-01-01

    Focuses on the international industry of merchant shipping to explore strategies used to promote organizational change over the past 20 years. This case study emphasizes the advantages of melding knowledge and action in participatory action. Points out the importance of the design and management of industry-level forums in assuring the success.…

  17. The evolution of merchant moral thought in Tokugawa Japan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ryan Langrill

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available The Tokugawa Era of Japan is known for its domination by the shogunate, or warrior bureaucracy. While samurai capture the popular imagination, the merchant class of this era was changing their cultural narrative as well. The regime, officially Neo-Confucian, considered trade a vulgar and corrupting activity, but among commoners, especially in Osaka, a culture arose celebrating the virtue of commerce. Merchant scholars and commoners assailed the orthodoxy by putting forth alternate interpretations of Confucianism, and later by abandoning the entire Confucian framework. Their primary goal was to explore the nature of virtue and commerce, and justify their own place in the world. As a side effect, the marriage of virtue to commerce allowed a nexus of long-term relationships to arise, based in Osaka.

  18. Collateral Composition, Diversification Risk, and Systemically Important Merchant Banks

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Derviz, Alexis

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 14, Special Issue (2014), s. 23-34 ISSN 1572-3089 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-11983S Institutional support: RVO:67985556 Keywords : collateral * systemic risk * merchant bank * CoCo Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 1.506, year: 2014 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2014/E/derviz-0433271.pdf

  19. EUV mask manufacturing readiness in the merchant mask industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Green, Michael; Choi, Yohan; Ham, Young; Kamberian, Henry; Progler, Chris; Tseng, Shih-En; Chiou, Tsann-Bim; Miyazaki, Junji; Lammers, Ad; Chen, Alek

    2017-10-01

    As nodes progress into the 7nm and below regime, extreme ultraviolet lithography (EUVL) becomes critical for all industry participants interested in remaining at the leading edge. One key cost driver for EUV in the supply chain is the reflective EUV mask. As of today, the relatively few end users of EUV consist primarily of integrated device manufactures (IDMs) and foundries that have internal (captive) mask manufacturing capability. At the same time, strong and early participation in EUV by the merchant mask industry should bring value to these chip makers, aiding the wide-scale adoption of EUV in the future. For this, merchants need access to high quality, representative test vehicles to develop and validate their own processes. This business circumstance provides the motivation for merchants to form Joint Development Partnerships (JDPs) with IDMs, foundries, Original Equipment Manufacturers (OEMs) and other members of the EUV supplier ecosystem that leverage complementary strengths. In this paper, we will show how, through a collaborative supplier JDP model between a merchant and OEM, a novel, test chip driven strategy is applied to guide and validate mask level process development. We demonstrate how an EUV test vehicle (TV) is generated for mask process characterization in advance of receiving chip maker-specific designs. We utilize the TV to carry out mask process "stress testing" to define process boundary conditions which can be used to create Mask Rule Check (MRC) rules as well as serve as baseline conditions for future process improvement. We utilize Advanced Mask Characterization (AMC) techniques to understand process capability on designs of varying complexity that include EUV OPC models with and without sub-resolution assist features (SRAFs). Through these collaborations, we demonstrate ways to develop EUV processes and reduce implementation risks for eventual mass production. By reducing these risks, we hope to expand access to EUV mask capability for

  20. Internationalization of China's Shanxi Province New Merchants: Implications and Use in Teaching IB

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guo, Juanjuan

    2017-01-01

    The Jin (Jin refers to Shanxi Province) merchants have a very important position in the history of Chinese business. The Jin merchants is a business course that investigates Shanxi businessmen and their business activities. As a local characteristic of the business curriculum of China, this course is taught in a number of universities. Taking the…

  1. 17 CFR 1.14 - Risk assessment recordkeeping requirements for futures commission merchants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... risk, and other risks created by the futures commission merchant's proprietary and noncustomer clearing... Holding Company Act of 1956; or (3) In the case of a Material Affiliated Person that is subject to the... to any futures commission merchant which holds funds or property of or for futures customers of less...

  2. 43 CFR 41.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Coverage § 41.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 43 Public Lands: Interior 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  3. 28 CFR 54.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Coverage § 54.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 28 Judicial Administration 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  4. 22 CFR 229.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Coverage § 229.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  5. 14 CFR 1253.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Coverage § 1253.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a... 14 Aeronautics and Space 5 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  6. 6 CFR 17.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Coverage § 17.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 6 Domestic Security 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  7. 29 CFR 36.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 36... merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States...

  8. 49 CFR 25.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Coverage § 25.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 49 Transportation 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  9. 34 CFR 106.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 34 Education 1 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions... ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 106.13 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of...

  10. 10 CFR 5.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 10 Energy 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 5... merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the United States...

  11. 22 CFR 146.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... § 146.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military... 22 Foreign Relations 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  12. 45 CFR 86.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Coverage § 86.13 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military service of the... 45 Public Welfare 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational...

  13. 12 CFR 225.172 - What are the holding periods permitted for merchant banking investments?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the holding periods permitted for merchant banking investments? 225.172 Section 225.172 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED... (REGULATION Y) Regulations Merchant Banking Investments § 225.172 What are the holding periods permitted for...

  14. 17 CFR 155.3 - Trading standards for futures commission merchants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Trading standards for futures commission merchants. 155.3 Section 155.3 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION TRADING STANDARDS § 155.3 Trading standards for futures commission merchants. (a) Each futures...

  15. Is the Merchant Power Producer a broken model?

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nelson, James; Simshauser, Paul

    2013-01-01

    Deregulated energy markets were founded on the Merchant Power Producer, a stand-alone generator that sold its production to the spot and short-term forward markets, underpinned by long-dated project finance. The initial enthusiasm that existed for investment in existing and new merchant power plant capacity shortly after power system deregulation has progressively dissipated, following an excess entry result. In this article, we demonstrate why this has become a global trend. Using debt-sizing parameters typically used by project banks, we model a benchmark plant, then re-simulate its performance using live energy market price data and find that such financings are no longer feasible in the absence of long-term Power Purchase Agreements. - Highlights: ► We model a hypothetical CCGT plant in QLD under project financing constraints typical of the industry. ► We simulate plant operations with live market data to analyse the results. ► We find that a plant which should represent the industry's long-run marginal cost is not a feasible investment.

  16. The Development of Maritime English Learning Model Using Authentic Assessment Based Bridge Simulator in Merchant Marine Polytechnic, Makassar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fauzi, Ahmad; Bundu, Patta; Tahmir, Suradi

    2016-01-01

    Bridge simulator constitutes a very fundamental and vital tool to trigger and ensure that seamen or seafarers possess the standardized competence required. By using the bridge simulator technique, a reality based study can be presented easily and delivered to the students in ongoing basis to their classroom or study place. Afterwards, the validity…

  17. Work environment and safety climate in the Swedish merchant fleet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forsell, Karl; Eriksson, Helena; Järvholm, Bengt; Lundh, Monica; Andersson, Eva; Nilsson, Ralph

    2017-02-01

    To get knowledge of the work environment for seafarers sailing under the Swedish flag, in terms of safety climate, ergonomical, chemical and psychosocial exposures, and the seafarers self-rated health and work ability. A Web-based questionnaire was sent to all seafarers with a personal e-mail address in the Swedish Maritime Registry (N = 5608). Comparisons were made mainly within the study population, using Student's t test, prevalence odds ratios and logistic regressions with 95% confidence intervals. The response rate was 35% (N = 1972; 10% women, 90% men), with 61% of the respondents working on deck, 31% in the engine room and 7% in the catering/service department (1% not classifiable). Strain on neck, arm or back and heavy lifting were associated with female gender (p = 0.0001) and younger age (below or above 30 years of age, p work problems were noise, risk of an accident and vibrations from the hull of the ship. The safety climate was high in comparison with that in land-based occupations. One-fourth had experienced personal harassment or bullying during last year of service. Noise, risk of accidents, hand/arm and whole-body vibrations and psychosocial factors such as harassment were commonly reported work environment problems among seafarers within the Swedish merchant fleet.

  18. [Sharing and distrusting: street merchants' view of children in street situations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez-Suárez, Diana M; Giraldo-Puerta, Alexandra; Giraldo-Pineda, Álvaro; Forero-Pulido, Constanza

    2016-06-01

    Objective To understand the meanings, through the description of experiences that street merchants have of their interactions with children in a street situation in downtown of Medellin in 2013. Methodology Qualitative investigation with ethnographic approach. Observations were made in the zone at different times of the day. Twelve interviews with street merchants were held in their work places. Records were kept in a field journal. Results The street merchants and children in street situations share the same space. Both groups try to survive and their relationship is mediated by the trust-distrust that is established between them. The coexistence generates ambivalent feelings. For the street merchants, children in street situations are the result of abandonment by the family, the state and society. They live in a hard world in which they are exposed to a series of risks that they must face. Conclusion The interaction between street merchants and children in street situations is good to the extent that conflicts are avoided, establishing norms of coexistence. The element that determines this relationship is trust-distrust. In trust, strong affective ties are generated, considering each other family. Distrust generates a preventative attitude.

  19. How to make a graceful exit from the merchant function

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Holder, J. [Consumers Gas Co. Ltd., North York, ON (Canada)

    1998-09-01

    The impact that deregulation and convergence has had on local distribution companies (LDCs) was discussed. LDCs are getting out of a whole range of business activities, or are turning some of them into new entities while transferring others to affiliates. At the other end of the spectrum, Consumers Gas, Canada`s largest LDC, has moved from a gas distribution and an oil pipeline company to becoming a total energy provider. The changes at Consumers Gas began with the Halloween agreement which was based on the following four basic principles: (1) better access for Canadian buyers to gas supply, (2) better access for Canadian producers to gas markets, (3) protection for Canadian consumers for reasonable, foreseeable gas requirements, and (4) a commitment to create a competitive natural gas market in Canada. At the same time, several small niche market players have entered the retail market to compete with large producers such as Sunoco and Shell. Ontario also saw the arrival of large marketers such as Enron, and the development of an active direct purchase market. Today, 65 per cent of the volume of natural gas transport is on behalf of direct purchase customers. The next phase of deregulation was also looked at, focusing primarily on the growing problems with the current regulated local distribution companies` gas supply options and the resulting price volatility and uncertainty due to an increase of direct purchase activity. Various possible ways to resolve this problem are explored, including exiting the merchant function, i.e. to change from an obligation to supply gas to an obligation to deliver gas, all the while ensuring that the consumer is protected. Other problems, such as convergence, unbundling and rebundling will also have to be dealt with in the next phase of deregulation.

  20. How to make a graceful exit from the merchant function

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Holder, J.

    1998-01-01

    The impact that deregulation and convergence has had on local distribution companies (LDCs) was discussed. LDCs are getting out of a whole range of business activities, or are turning some of them into new entities while transferring others to affiliates. At the other end of the spectrum, Consumers Gas, Canada's largest LDC, has moved from a gas distribution and an oil pipeline company to becoming a total energy provider. The changes at Consumers Gas began with the Halloween agreement which was based on the following four basic principles: (1) better access for Canadian buyers to gas supply, (2) better access for Canadian producers to gas markets, (3) protection for Canadian consumers for reasonable, foreseeable gas requirements, and (4) a commitment to create a competitive natural gas market in Canada. At the same time, several small niche market players have entered the retail market to compete with large producers such as Sunoco and Shell. Ontario also saw the arrival of large marketers such as Enron, and the development of an active direct purchase market. Today, 65 per cent of the volume of natural gas transport is on behalf of direct purchase customers. The next phase of deregulation was also looked at, focusing primarily on the growing problems with the current regulated local distribution companies' gas supply options and the resulting price volatility and uncertainty due to an increase of direct purchase activity. Various possible ways to resolve this problem are explored, including exiting the merchant function, i.e. to change from an obligation to supply gas to an obligation to deliver gas, all the while ensuring that the consumer is protected. Other problems, such as convergence, unbundling and rebundling will also have to be dealt with in the next phase of deregulation

  1. How to influence Venetian economic policy : collective petitions of the Netherlandish merchant community in the early seventeenth century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Gelder, M.

    2009-01-01

    Protectionist legislation traditionally excluded immigrant merchants from Venetian trade, yet by 1600 the commercial balance of power had changed. This article argues that immigrant merchants with strong ties to the northern trading world were able directly to influence Venetian legislation. It does

  2. Leave It to Beaver. Merchants Millpond State Park: An Environmental Education Learning Experience Designed for Grades 4-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Williams, Floyd K.

    This learning packet, one in a group of eight, was developed by the Merchants Millpond State Park in North Carolina to teach students in grades 4-6 about the habitat and lifestyle of the beaver. Loose-leaf pages are presented in nine sections that contain: (1) introductions to the North Carolina State Parks System, the Merchants Millpond State…

  3. 12 CFR 1500.6 - What risk management, record keeping and reporting policies are required to make merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What risk management, record keeping and reporting policies are required to make merchant banking investments? 1500.6 Section 1500.6 Banks and Banking DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS MERCHANT BANKING INVESTMENTS § 1500.6 What risk...

  4. The Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Rules 1978 (Statutory Instrument 1543, 25 October 1978)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1978-01-01

    These Rules supersede the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) Rule of 1965 as amended by the Merchant Shipping (Dangerous Goods) (Amendment) Rules of 1968 and 1972. The Rules now define 'dangerous goods' by reference to goods classified as dangerous for carriage by sea as well as any other goods whose properties might be dangerous it they were carried by sea. This classification is based on that of the 1978 Report of the Standing Advisory Committee on the Carriage of Dangerous Goods of the Department of Trade, and the 1977 Edition of the International Maritime Dangerous Goods Code published by the Intergovernmental Maritime consultative Organisation. (NEA) [fr

  5. Utilization of uranium cost/benefit study for nuclear powered merchant ships. Special study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Smith, E.R.

    1977-05-01

    This study presents a cost/benefit analysis for the utilization of uranium in merchant ships versus the use of uranium for the generation of electricity in central power stations. The study concludes that an alternative naval fuel to oil must be developed for the merchant marine to reduce U.S. dependency upon foreign supplies of a critical fuel. The study further indicates that use of uranium for ship propulsion results in transport of large quantities of needed import/exports while the residual oil saved will generate the same quantity of electricity in a central power station as the uranium used for ship propulsion

  6. 46 CFR 15.1107 - Maintenance of merchant mariners' records by owner or operator.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... information is maintained throughout his or her service, and is readily accessible to those in management...., record of training completed, and of relevant on-the-job experience acquired). (c) Competency in assigned... vessel shall ensure that procedures are in place, in respect of each merchant mariner holding a license...

  7. 75 FR 70152 - Implementation of Conflicts of Interest Policies and Procedures by Futures Commission Merchants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-17

    ... evaluation or compensation of a research analyst. (iii) Except as provided in paragraph (c)(1)(iv) of this... Research Analyst Compensation. A futures commission merchant or introducing broker may not consider as a factor in reviewing or approving a research analyst's compensation his or her contributions to the...

  8. Understanding "The Merchant of Venice": A Student Casebook to Issues, Sources, and Historical Documents.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halio, Jay L.

    "The Merchant of Venice," even in its own time, was considered William Shakespeare's most controversial play. Now, one of the most popular read and performed works, the play raises even more important issues for today, particularly anti-Semitism and the treatment of Jews. The analysis of the play in this casebook helps students interpret…

  9. Prejudice, Pedagogy, and the Play: A Study of "The Merchant of Venice."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eiferman, Sharon

    There is little critical agreement on the meaning of Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice." One must confront the mindset of the play that systematically dehumanizes, stereotypes, excoriates, and seeks the extermination of one group on the grounds that their existence is repugnant to the controlling majority. Such a mindset is the…

  10. 78 FR 68505 - Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-14

    ... protection of customers--and the safeguarding of money, securities or other property deposited by customers... Parts 1, 3, 22, et al. Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures... Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing Organizations...

  11. 77 FR 67865 - Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-14

    ... The protection of customers--and the safeguarding of money, securities or other property deposited by... Parts 1, 3, 22 et al. Enhancing Protections Afforded Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures... Customers and Customer Funds Held by Futures Commission Merchants and Derivatives Clearing Organizations...

  12. Merchantable sawlog and bole-length equations for the Northeastern United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Daniel A. Yaussy; Martin E. Dale; Martin E. Dale

    1991-01-01

    A modified Richards growth model is used to develop species-specific coefficients for equations estimating the merchantable sawlog and bole lengths of trees from 25 species groups common to the Northeastern United States. These regression coefficients have been incorporated into the growth-and-yield simulation software, NE-TWIGS.

  13. 40 CFR 5.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... educational institutions. 5.210 Section 5.210 Protection of Environment ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 5.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals...

  14. 44 CFR 19.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 44 Emergency Management and Assistance 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 19.210 Section 19.210 Emergency Management and Assistance FEDERAL EMERGENCY... marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution...

  15. 45 CFR 2555.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary... 45 Public Welfare 4 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 2555.210 Section 2555.210 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued...

  16. 7 CFR 15a.13 - Military and merchant marine educational institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 1 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institution. 15a.13 Section 15a.13 Agriculture Office of the Secretary of Agriculture EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR... marine educational institution. This part does not apply to an educational institution whose primary...

  17. 38 CFR 23.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... marine educational institutions. 23.210 Section 23.210 Pensions, Bonuses, and Veterans' Relief DEPARTMENT... ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 23.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is...

  18. 31 CFR 28.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... educational institutions. 28.210 Section 28.210 Money and Finance: Treasury Office of the Secretary of the... FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 28.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals...

  19. 15 CFR 8a.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... educational institutions. 8a.210 Section 8a.210 Commerce and Foreign Trade Office of the Secretary of Commerce... Coverage § 8a.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military...

  20. 45 CFR 618.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is... 45 Public Welfare 3 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 618.210 Section 618.210 Public Welfare Regulations Relating to Public Welfare (Continued...

  1. 41 CFR 101-4.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... marine educational institutions. 101-4.210 Section 101-4.210 Public Contracts and Property Management... Coverage § 101-4.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a...

  2. 13 CFR 113.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... educational institutions. 113.210 Section 113.210 Business Credit and Assistance SMALL BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION... Financial Assistance Coverage § 113.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of...

  3. 24 CFR 3.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... educational institutions. 3.210 Section 3.210 Housing and Urban Development Office of the Secretary... ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 3.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is...

  4. 32 CFR 196.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary... 32 National Defense 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 196.210 Section 196.210 National Defense Department of Defense (Continued) OFFICE OF THE...

  5. 18 CFR 1317.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... marine educational institutions. 1317.210 Section 1317.210 Conservation of Power and Water Resources... RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 1317.210 Military and merchant marine educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary purpose is...

  6. 36 CFR 1211.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 36 Parks, Forests, and Public Property 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Military and merchant marine educational institutions. 1211.210 Section 1211.210 Parks, Forests, and Public Property NATIONAL ARCHIVES AND... educational institutions. These Title IX regulations do not apply to an educational institution whose primary...

  7. Evaluation of total aboveground biomass and total merchantable biomass in Missouri

    Science.gov (United States)

    Michael E. Goerndt; David R. Larsen; Charles D. Keating

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, the state of Missouri has been converting to biomass weight rather than volume as the standard measurement of wood for buying and selling sawtimber. Therefore, there is a need to identify accurate and precise methods of estimating whole tree biomass and merchantable biomass of harvested trees as well as total standing biomass of live timber for...

  8. 17 CFR 1.12 - Maintenance of minimum financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... financial requirements by futures commission merchants and introducing brokers. 1.12 Section 1.12 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Minimum Financial and Related Reporting Requirements § 1.12 Maintenance of minimum financial...

  9. 17 CFR 1.10 - Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Minimum Financial and Related Reporting Requirements § 1.10 Financial reports of futures commission merchants and introducing...-regulatory organization and conforms to minimum financial standards and related reporting requirements set by...

  10. Negotiating Trade: Merchant Manuals and Cross-Cultural Exchange in the Medieval Mediterranean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stanley, Joseph F.

    2018-01-01

    This essay explores Italian mercantile perceptions of the non-western Mediterranean world during the late Middle Ages. In particular, it analyzes the corpus of merchant manuals known as "pratiche della mercatura" and argues that the intercultural and cross-confessional material included in these handbooks were vital components that…

  11. Developing and financing merchant power plants in the U.S

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ryan, M.J.

    1998-01-01

    Limited recourse financing for merchant plants in some areas of the world such as Latin America has become almost commonplace in the recent past. Limited recourse project financing for merchant plants in the US, once almost unthinkable, has already been achieved with the frontier-breaking Calpine Pasadena project. While long-term power purchase agreements have historically provided comfort to lenders and developers alike, they are increasingly becoming a thing of the past as utilities are reluctant to lock themselves into a fixed price, which may turn out to exceed the prices available in the open market. So, it seems that the trends toward merchant plants in Latin America will soon take hold in the domestic market. With the market for limited recourse project financing still in the embryonic stage, and the strong likelihood that long-term power purchase agreements will not be available, it is clear that successful domestic projects will have to be well conceived, properly structured and capitalized to secure debt and equity funding commitments. This paper will focus on opportunities for developing merchant plants, the major risks present to developers and investors and the most appropriate strategies for structuring finance for a project

  12. 31 CFR 103.123 - Customer identification programs for futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... TRANSACTIONS Anti-Money Laundering Programs Anti-Money Laundering Programs § 103.123 Customer identification... each futures commission merchant's and introducing broker's anti-money laundering compliance program... money laundering activities, Federal law requires all financial institutions to obtain, verify, and...

  13. Casualty data analysis of the world merchant fleet for reported fire and explosion incidents resulting in marine pollution

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-02-01

    World wide merchant vessel fire and explosion data were analyzed to determine the contribution of these casualties to the marine pollution problem. The source of information is the Lloyd's Casualty Information System Data Base. The major findings of ...

  14. The Valencian Merchant Joan Augier’s Accounts Book: Year 1604

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Teresa PÉREZ VILLALBA

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Merchants are essential figures in the economy of the modern centuries, and getting to know their activity allows for a better understanding of their environment. The accounts book therefore represents a valuable and also a scarce type of document, at least in xvi century Spain. The issue that made the following work possible spans years 1597-1613, and belonged to the Valencian merchant Joan Augier. The analysis of year 1604 reveals diversified economic and financial activity, among which we highlight import and export with Marseilles and Genoa, and tax renting or bond purchasing. The pages show a complex network of interprofessional relationships together with information concerning a range of items and service prices, thereby permitting an approach to the commercial, fiscal and financial life in Valencia at that time.

  15. Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service (TMAS) to Swedish merchant and passengers ships 1997-2012

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westlund, Karin; Attvall, Stig; Nilsson, Ralph

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Telemedical Maritime Assistance Service (TMAS) for seafarers and traveling passengers is important and can be crucial for the optimal medical treatment on board ships. The aim of this study was to analyse and to compare the data from consultations and evacuations from merchant ships...... Classification for Primary Care (ICPC-2). The distribution of symptoms, accidents and diseases, treatments/actions taken, evacuations and the communication forms were analysed. RESULTS: One thousand ninety-five contacts for seafarers from merchant ships and 651 passenger patients from Swedish ferries were...... analysed. While the evacuations for the seafarers gradually decreased over the years from 18% in 1997 to 14% in 2007, still 39.5% of the passenger patient contacts were evacuated mainly by helicopters and 70 patients were picked up by an ambulance on the quay. Accidents were 20% for seafarers and 25...

  16. “Getting By” at the Urban Periphery: Everyday Struggles of Informal Merchants in Tunisia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Johannes Frische

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The article examines the significance of informal economic practices, e.g. street vending and informal commerce, for young merchants from Ettadhamen, a neighborhood situated in the northwestern periphery of the Greater Tunis area. It further addresses cross-border trade in the Tunisian-Libyan and Tunisian-Algerian border regions in which some of these merchants are indirectly involved. Peripheralization therefore does not imply complete socio-spatial exclusion. Peripheries rather offer important, albeit limited possibilities, to acquire resources through practices that are situated in the interstices between legality and illegality. As these possibilities often avoid state regulation and control, the article also addresses the ambivalent nature of the state-society relations that shapes everyday encounters between inhabitants and state agents, especially the police.

  17. Merchants and marvels commerce, science, and art in early modern Europe

    CERN Document Server

    Smith, Pamela

    2013-01-01

    The beginning of global commerce in the early modern period had an enormous impact on European culture, changing the very way people perceived the world around them. Merchants and Marvels assembles essays by leading scholars of cultural history, art history, and the history of science and technology to show how ideas about the representation of nature, in both art and science, underwent a profound transformation between the age of the Renaissance and the early 1700s.

  18. Merchant interconnector projects by generators in the EU: Profitability and allocation of capacity

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Koten, Silvester van

    2012-01-01

    When building a cross-border transmission line (a so-called interconnector) as a for-profit (merchant) project, where the regulator has required that capacity allocation be done non-discriminatorily by explicit auction, the identity of the investor can affect the profitability of the interconnector project and, once operational, the resulting allocation of its capacity. Specifically, when the investor is a generator (hereafter the integrated generator) who also can use the interconnector to export its electricity to a distant location, then, once operational, the integrated generator will bid more aggressively in the allocation auctions to increase the auction revenue and thus its profits. As a result, the integrated generator is more likely to win the auction and the capacity is sold for a higher price. This lowers the allocative efficiency of the auction, but it increases the expected ex-ante profitability of the merchant interconnector project. Unaffiliated, independent generators, however, are less likely to win the auction and, in any case, pay a higher price, which dramatically lowers their revenues from exporting electricity over this interconnector. - Highlights: ► A merchant interconnector owned by an electricity generator needs special attention of regulators. ► Even when allocation of the capacity is done by auctions, the generator will make a large profit. ► The generator will also decrease the allocation of capacity to competitors by bidding aggressively.

  19. 12 CFR 1500.2 - What are the limitations on managing or operating a portfolio company held as a merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the limitations on managing or operating a portfolio company held as a merchant banking investment? 1500.2 Section 1500.2 Banks and Banking DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS MERCHANT BANKING INVESTMENTS § 1500.2 What are the limitations...

  20. 12 CFR 1500.7 - How do the statutory cross marketing and sections 23A and B limitations apply to merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 7 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do the statutory cross marketing and sections 23A and B limitations apply to merchant banking investments? 1500.7 Section 1500.7 Banks and Banking DEPARTMENT OF THE TREASURY GENERAL PROVISIONS MERCHANT BANKING INVESTMENTS § 1500.7 How do the...

  1. Association between nationality and occupational injury risk on Danish non-passenger merchant ships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adam, B.

    2013-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Maritime occupational accidents can be determined by several factors, among which human characteristics play a crucial role. Worker's safety behaviour depends on individual physical and mental characteristics as well as on his/her social and cultural background. The aim of this study...... is to investigate the frequency of workplace injuries in the Danish merchant fleet in the period 2010-2012, and to characterise its nationality dependence. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Occupational injuries data reported from ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register to the Danish Maritime Authority were...

  2. Reconstructing Merchant Multilingualism : Lexical Studies of Early English East India Company Correspondence

    OpenAIRE

    Kaislaniemi, Samuli

    2017-01-01

    This dissertation investigates the multilingual practices of 17th-century English East India Company merchants, as revealed by the vocabulary they used in the texts they produced while stationed in the East Indies. The English East India Company (EIC) was founded in 1600. At first it was a moderately successful trading company, but in the 18th and 19th centuries the EIC rose to dominate the European trade in Indian goods, and then in Chinese tea and porcelain. During this period, it also ...

  3. Social Practices and Strategizing: a Study of Produce Merchants in the Vila Rubim Market

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alfredo Rodrigues Leite da Silva

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to understand the relationship between the meanings of social practices and strategy creation used by the produce merchants in Vila Rubim, Vitória, ES, from 1970 to the present time. To provide empirical evidence of the conceptual framework that was developed, we conducted a case study. The data gathered from the documents and interviews were treated using discourse analysis, and those obtained from observations were treated using content analysis. The possibility and the act of approaching the neighboring merchant’s customer is the link that joins the homonymous strategy and tactic, but the process in each of them has different implications (strengthening or transgressing the established order and develops in different and dynamic ways. Thus, the denomination of strategies and practices is dynamic, relational and temporary because the focus is on the process that permeates each strategy and its articulations in the practices and meanings in each flow. In their socio-historic process, the produce merchants in the VR Market articulate various flows. Among them, the empirical investigation identified fourteen flows, nine as strategies and five as tactics, according to the social references assumed in the analysis.

  4. 78 FR 5268 - Allocation of Capacity on New Merchant Transmission Projects and New Cost-Based, Participant...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-25

    ... that enables developers of merchant transmission projects to meet the financial challenges unique to... AGENCY: Federal Energy Regulatory Commission, Energy. ACTION: Final Policy Statement. SUMMARY: The Commission issues this final policy statement to clarify and refine its policies governing the allocation of...

  5. Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwee Hui Kian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Alexander Claver, Dutch Commerce and Chinese Merchants in Java. Colonial Relationships in Trade and Finance, 1800-1942 (Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde 291; Leiden, Boston: Brill, 2014, xxiv + 442 pp., ISBN 978 90 04 25657 6.

  6. 17 CFR 270.17f-6 - Custody of investment company assets with Futures Commission Merchants and Commodity Clearing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... transactions in Exchange-Traded Futures Contracts and Commodity Options, Provided that: (1) The manner in which... Contracts and Commodity Options means commodity futures contracts, options on commodity futures contracts... assets with Futures Commission Merchants and Commodity Clearing Organizations. 270.17f-6 Section 270.17f...

  7. "I Could Teach You How to Choose Right": Using Holocaust Memoir to Teach Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whaley, Annemarie Koning

    2011-01-01

    The article examines the problems of teaching William Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" after the Holocaust, arguing that even though the play is anti-Semitic, it can become a valuable teaching tool when placed in the context of the Holocaust memoirs "Dry Tears" by Nechama Tec and "The Nazi Officer's Wife" by…

  8. Problems in the Construction of Gender and Professional Identities for Women in a United Kingdom Merchant Navy Training School

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Caroline; Peart, David; Gleaves, Alan

    2003-01-01

    The United Kingdom Merchant Navy has a very poor record on access and training for females in terms of marine careers across all levels. Furthermore, it is a world where equity and equality are often simply overlooked, partly because the difficult and harsh realities of "normal" working conditions effectively marginalise both women and…

  9. 12 CFR 225.175 - What risk management, record keeping and reporting policies are required to make merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What risk management, record keeping and reporting policies are required to make merchant banking investments? 225.175 Section 225.175 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING...

  10. Estimation of merchantable bole volume and biomass above sawlog top in the National Forest inventory of the United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant M. Domke; Christopher M. Oswalt; Christopher W. Woodall; Jeffery A. Turner

    2013-01-01

    Emerging markets for small-diameter roundwood along with a renewed interest in forest biomass for energy have created a need for estimates of merchantable biomass above the minimum sawlog top diameter for timber species in the national forest inventory of the United States. The Forest Inventory and Analysis (FIA) program of the USDA Forest Service recently adopted the...

  11. Development of merchantable volume equations for natural brutian pine and black pine stands in Eğirdir District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramazan Özçelik

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Determination of stem standing volume is very useful for both sustainable management of timber resources and practical purposes in forestry. Brutian pine (Pinus brutia Ten. and black pine (Pinus nigra Arnold. are important raw material of forest products industry of Turkey. With ever changing market conditions, there is a need to accurately estimate tree volumes utilizing multiple upper stem merchantability limits. This is not currently possible with the existing total stem volume tables for these three species. Nowadays, taper equations are the best way to estimate volume for saw timber and biomass purposes. In this study, variable exponent taper equations evaluated and fitted to data come from 253 destructively sampled trees which were collected in natural brutian pine and black pine stands in Eğirdir district. For this aim, the taper equations of Lee et al. (2003, Kozak (2004, and Sharma and Zhang (2004 were used. A second-order continuous-time autoregressive error structure was used to correct the inherent autocorrelation in the hierarchical data. The proposed models generally performed better for Merchantable tree volume. Results show that the Kozak (2004 taper equation was superior to the other equations in predicting diameter and merchantable height, while The Sharma and Zhang (2004 taper model provided the best predictions for merchantable volume than the other models. The one of the important results of this study, the importance of checking fit statistics of taper equations for both diameters and volume estimations.As a results, Sharma and Zhang (2004 taper model recommended for estimating diameter at a specific height, height to a specific diameter along the stem, and merchantable volume for brutian pine and black pine stands in Eğirdir analyzed

  12. The house of Kwee Sik Poo An Indonesian-Chinese merchant from Pasuruan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kwee Hong Sien

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The Kwee family is an old Indonesian-Chinese family from Pasuruan, in East Java, and one of a few merchant families of either Chinese or Arab ethnic origin which led successful lives in this small town in the nineteenth century. From their Chinese ancestral village, Liu Chuan in Fujian province, China, a Kwee ancestor travelled to Southeast Asia and settled in Pasuruan, probably in the eighteen century. As with many families who held important positions in the ethnic Chinese community, it also owned large homes, mostly in a mixed architectural style, called “eclecticism” and later in what was known as “the Indies-empire style”. The early family history is still clouded in mystery, as not much concrete information has survived. Its descendants worked hard and prospered and dealt among economic undertakings such as sugar production, opium sales, buying and selling of property and land as well as running pawnshops.

  13. Merchant Guilds and Courts between Tuscany and Catalonia around 14th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Elisa Soldani

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available During the late Middle Ages, the development of mercantile institutions, as well as the prominent social and political action of the merchants settled in the major urban trading centers, were common features of both Italian and Catalan-Aragonese areas. Mercantile courts were characterized by sharp technical abilities and strong involvements in political powers; because of this, they had problematic relationships with other decision-making centers and ordinary courts. The aim of this paper is to focus on the essential features and the historical development of such institutions, by exploring the case-study of Tuscan and Catalan cities in a comparative approach. Starting from the analysis of the birth and growth of the urban and mercantile institutions in these two observatories, and focusing on the different influences of Roman law and royal powers, this paper suggests an interpretative key to point out the peculiarities of such contexts.

  14. Teaching Jessica: race, religion, and gender in The Merchant of Venice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sicher Efraim

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The Jew’s “fair daughter” in Shakespeare’s play The Merchant of Venice converts and marries a Christian, Lorenzo. Recent attention, however, to changing ideas of race and identity in the early modern period has brought into question the divisions of Christian/Jew/Moor. Can Jessica convert and no longer be considered the Jew’s daughter? As “gentle” and “fair” is she to be considered gentile and in no way dark (spiritually or racially? Jessica’s conversion has apparently little religious meaning, but rather she is saved from the Jew her father by marriage to Lorenzo, who becomes Shylock’s heir. Is Jessica’s conversion to be considered a matter of convenience that might, as Launcelot quips, raise the price of hogs, or is it also to be counted as an ideological and racial conversion that reveals underlying anxieties about gender, sexuality, and religious identity? This essay attempts to argue against the grain of the performance history of The Merchant History, which often downplays the role of Jessica or revises the text of the play, and returns to the text in order to contextualize the conversion of Jessica in contemporary discourses of gender, race, and religion in England’s expansionist colonialism and proto-capitalist commerce. The conversion of Jessica can be seen in that context as an exchange of monetary and ethical value, in which women’s sexuality also had a price-tag. These questions have implications for the teaching of the play and for the understanding of its concerns with unstable sexual, religious, and national identities.

  15. 46 CFR 10.214 - Security Check.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Security Check. 10.214 Section 10.214 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN MERCHANT MARINER CREDENTIAL General Requirements for All Merchant Mariner Credentials § 10.214 Security Check. Until April 15, 2009...

  16. Interpretive analysis of the textual codes in the Parrot and Merchant story

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zohreh Najafi

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Narratology is a brunch of semiology which considers any kind of narrative, literary or non literary, verbal or visual, story or non story and after this specifies the plot. One of the most important subjects in narratology is the interpretation of textual cods which based on can be understood a lot of hidden meanings. Molavi expresses a lot of mystic points in Mathnavi in narrative form which some of his ideas can be realized in the first study but these ideas aren’t all of subjects which he wants to say and a complex of different meaning is hidden in any narrative which can be revealed by consideration of cods.     In terminology of semiology, code is a special situation in historical process of all of indexes and signs which specified for synchronized analyze. In review of literary texts textual cods are more important. Textual cods are the cods which their ambit is more extended than few special text and links these texts to each other in an interpretational form. Aesthetic cods are a group of textual cods which are used in different arts like: poem, painting, theater, music and so on.       The style of expression of aesthetic cods is the same style of art and literature. In the review of Mathnavi's narratives paying attention to narrative cods and using them can be considered as paralinguistic signs. Narrative cods contain interpretational form which used by authors and commentators of texts. In the story of parrot and merchant the textual cods are as follows:   - Parrot: in this story parrot is a symbolic code which shows all of human soul's features.   - Merchant: in this story merchant act as a cultural code which indicates rich who always are solicitous about their finance and are unaware of spiritual world.    - India: in this story India as a signifier code indicates spiritual world. Hermeneutic cods   Molana uses codes which act as turning point and addressed can understand hidden meanings which haven

  17. Reconsidering the European regulation of merchant transmission investment in light of the third energy package: The role of dominant generators

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hauteclocque, Adrien de; Rious, Vincent

    2011-01-01

    The regulation of merchant transmission investment (MTI) has become an important issue in the EU electricity sector, subsequent to the granting of authorizations by European authorities to five merchant projects: BritNed, Estlink, the East West Cables, NorGer and recently a merchant line connecting Italy and Austria. The creation of a new Agency for the Cooperation of Energy Regulators (ACER) at the EU level, which has decision-making powers on MTI, therefore presents a unique opportunity to question and re-design the current European policy. This paper shows that the recent decisions concerning MTI may suffer a strong bias against dominant electricity generators while incumbent Transmission System Operators (TSOs) or new entrant TSOs are generally favored by national regulators and the European Commission (EC). This strategy is misguided as it fails to recognize both the new incentives of generators to develop MTI and the conflict of interest between the regulated and non-regulated activities of incumbent TSOs. Letting dominant generators undertake MTI is indeed generally beneficial as long as potential abuses of dominance are mitigated. To deter possible anti-competitive effects, we propose a new and feasible allocation of regulatory powers based on a clear demarcation between the market monitoring powers of ACER and the antitrust powers of the EC. - Highlights: → We compare TSOs and generators as merchant transmission investors in Europe. → We find a bias among regulators against the involvement of generators. → The conflict of interest with the regulated activities of TSOs is under-estimated. → Investment by generators is preferable provided market manipulation is deterred. → We propose a new allocation of regulatory powers to make it possible.

  18. New products from the power merchant to customer with time measurements and load management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Solem, Gerd; Doorman, Gerard; Grande, Ove S.

    2003-01-01

    The main aim is to develop products from the power merchants that improve the consumer flexibility. For the development of the products the basis is that the consumption is measured by hours and that a connection to a load management scheme is present. Calculations for four products are made where the risk exposure is different for the customer and the supplier. The four products are ''Spot price with mark-up'', ''The combination of constant price and spot price'', ''Constant price with disconnection'' and ''Effect subscription''. The customers are exposed to the spot price in the first two products and may through disconnection reduce the costs by adapting to the market signals. Remote disconnection of parts of the consumption may be offered as a service jointly by the network companies and the power suppliers through a two-way communication but it is not realistic that the customers may pay much for this. ''Spot price with mark-up'' implies that the customer carries the entire risk while constant price may place considerable risk at the power supplier by long high consumption combined with high spot prices. '' Constant price with disconnection'' gives the power supplier the possibilities of reducing the risks. A disconnection possibility that is committing to the customers may be part of the product specification. The customers may be offered a discount calculated out from the costs for alternative price securing. Also '' Effect subscription'' reduces the merchant risks considerably at the disconnection of the consumption. The ''combined product of constant and spot price'' may be interesting from the supplier's viewpoint due to considerable risk reductions compared to solely using the constant price. The product gives the customers a guaranteed price for a part of the product and has an additional possibility of adapting the consumption to the market signals. The network company routines for handling of the hour values are a large challenge. It is important to

  19. Occupational accidents in the Danish merchant fleet and the nationality of seafarers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ádám, Balázs; Rasmussen, Hanna Barbara; Nørgaard Fløe Pedersen, Randi

    2014-01-01

    Background: The aim of the study was to examine occupational accidents reported from non-passenger merchant ships registered in the Danish International Ship Register in 2010-2012, with a focus on analysing nationality differences in the risk of getting injured in an accident. Methods: Data about...... be attributed to various factors such as safety behaviour. Investigation of special injury types and characterisation of effective elements of safety culture can contribute to the improvement of workplace safety in the maritime sector....... notified occupational accidents were collected from notifications sent to the Danish Maritime Authority and from records of contact with Danish Radio Medical. Events were matched by personal identification and accident data to create a unified database. Stratified cumulative time spent on board...... by seafarers was used to calculate accident rates. Incidence rates of different nationalities were compared by Poisson regression. Results: Western European seafarers had an overall accident rate of 17.5 per 100000 person-days, which proved to be significantly higher than that of Eastern European, South East...

  20. Nestorian ‘merchant missionaries’ – A model for Christian Chinese migrants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Gordy

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Both the Old and New Testament lay a foundation for the role of migrants in God’s mission, missio Dei. With the unprecedented rise of the Global South to prominence in the world mission enterprise, China is poised to play a major role in fulfilling the Great Commission Mandate. Already Christian Chinese migrants are in many countries, possibly in over 140 countries of the world, including many of the unreached, unengaged people groups. The Nestorians, also called ‘merchant missionaries’, were amongst the first to take the gospel to China. They can serve as a methodological mission model, using some basic biblical principles, to help Christian Chinese migrants today, especially the Wenzhou businessmen, to fulfil their apostolic role in world mission. Sowel die Ou as die Nuwe Testament lê ’n fondament vir die rol van nomades (rondtrekkendes in God se missie (missio Dei. Met die Globale Suide se ongeëwenaarde toename in prominensie ten opsigte van die onderneming van wêreldsending, is China gereed om ’n hoofrol in die verwesenliking van die Groot Sendingopdrag te vertolk. Chinese Christen nomades is alreeds in 140 lande van die wêreld besig, waarvan baie tussen die onbereikte, onbesette mensegroepe is. Die Nestoriane, of ‘kooplui-sendelinge’, was van die eerste sendelinge wat die evangelie na China geneem het. Hulle voorbeeld kan as ’n sendingmodel dien om Chinese Christen nomades te help, veral die Wenzhou-sakemanne, om hulle apostoliese rol in wêreldsending te vervul.

  1. Cruel Seas: World War 2 Merchant Marine-Related Nautical Fiction from the 1930s to Present

    OpenAIRE

    Krummes, Daniel C

    2015-01-01

    Cruel Seas is an annotated bibliography of fiction in English that involves civilian steamships of the merchant marine in works set during World War Two (or slightly before).  While the subtitle states "1930s to Present," the last entry was added in 2008, and the work will not be updated.  The entries include novels, novellas, and short stories, but exclude poetry, theater plays, and fiction written for juveniles (unless the work can appeal to adults as well). Many of the works invol...

  2. «Fabricado de dinero»: the Dishonest Merchant in «La industria y la suerte» by Ruiz de Alarcón

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoriano Roncero

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available In the 16th century, Europe witnesses the triumph of the pre-capitalist economy, personified by the merchant. This new situation brought the rejection of the humanists, who wrote about the society’s decadence of values and the destruction of social status. Ruiz de Alarcón wrote La industria y la suerte, a play in which he describes the confrontation between the Sevillian traders and the nobility. Arnesto, the merchant, represents the corruption brought on by money, and, because of that, Don Juan defeats him in his attempt to gain Blanca’s love by the play’s end.

  3. 12 CFR 225.176 - How do the statutory cross marketing and sections 23A and B limitations apply to merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false How do the statutory cross marketing and sections 23A and B limitations apply to merchant banking investments? 225.176 Section 225.176 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING...

  4. 12 CFR 225.171 - What are the limitations on managing or operating a portfolio company held as a merchant banking...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 12 Banks and Banking 3 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false What are the limitations on managing or operating a portfolio company held as a merchant banking investment? 225.171 Section 225.171 Banks and Banking FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM (CONTINUED) BOARD OF GOVERNORS OF THE FEDERAL RESERVE SYSTEM BANK HOLDING...

  5. 46 CFR 14.305 - Entries in continuous discharge book.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Entries in continuous discharge book. 14.305 Section 14.305 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN SHIPMENT... discharge book. If the merchant mariner holds a continuous discharge book, the master or individual in...

  6. 46 CFR 14.105 - Disclosure and privacy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Disclosure and privacy. 14.105 Section 14.105 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN SHIPMENT AND DISCHARGE OF MERCHANT MARINERS General § 14.105 Disclosure and privacy. The Coast Guard makes information...

  7. 46 CFR 14.407 - Reports.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Reports. 14.407 Section 14.407 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN SHIPMENT AND DISCHARGE OF MERCHANT MARINERS Oceanographic Research Vessels § 14.407 Reports. (a) The owner, charterer, managing operator...

  8. GROTESQUE ENCOUNTERS: READING SHAKESPEARE’S THE MERCHANT OF VENICE ALONG THE PRINCIPLES OF THE SUBLIME, BEAUTIFUL AND GROTESQUE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kathrin Bartha

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is an attempt to apply the basic principles of the aesthetic discourse on the sublime, beautiful and grotesque to William Shakespeare's The Merchant of Venice. Even though it is a discourse that only begins in the course of the eighteenth century, I will argue that the structure of the play parallels the model of the traditional sublime, as it deals with a subject-object binary and meditates on the relationship between the material (body and the transcendental (mind. However, the play is also rich in disruptive — or grotesque — forces that unsettle this binary structure. The parallels between the play and the aesthetic discourse could not only help our understanding of postmodern criticism and rewriting of the sublime, but the sublime can also, in turn, shed light on the reception of the play.

  9. Economic and Environmental Impact Trade-Offs Related to In-Water Hull Cleanings of Merchant Vessels

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pagoropoulos, Aris; Kjær, Louise Laumann; Dong, Yan

    2017-01-01

    Merchant vessels are equipped with antifouling systems to prevent accumulation of marine organisms on the hull—a phenomenon known as fouling. In many cases, however, fouling accumulates and in-water hull cleaning is required. Hull cleanings are part of a hull management scheme, and although...... with the frequency of hull cleanings within the hull management scheme. Our analysis revealed a convex relationship between the frequency of hull cleanings and fuel savings. The higher the frequency of hull cleanings, the less fuel savings can be achieved per cleaning. In terms of costs, from some point on the costs...... of the service are likely to offset the savings—especially if fuel prices are low. In regards to climate change, avoided emissions due to fuel savings are likely to outweigh the limited impacts from the service itself. Last, while ecosystem impacts from marine, terrestrial, and freshwater eco-toxicity are likely...

  10. Elzevirian Republics, wise merchants, and new perspectives on Spain and Portugal in the seventeenth-century Dutch Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sina Rauschenbach

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Between 1625 and 1649, the Leiden publishing house Elzevir issued a series of thirty-five descriptions of all European, a selection of non-European, and three ancient states, that became known as the ‘Elzevirian Republics’. This essay focuses on two of these ‘Republics’, Johannes de Laet’s descriptions of Spain and Portugal. I argue that these books convey an attitude towards geopolitics that is best understood in the light of Caspar Barlaeus’s ideal of the ‘wise merchant’ (mercator sapiens and the historical regent-merchant culture in seventeenth-century Amsterdam. The essay draws on recent scholarship in the history of knowledge, commerce, and the pre-history of objectivity.

  11. Trusteeship and Cooperation in the Flemish merchants community in Cadiz: The brotherhood of “San Andrés de los Flamencos” (17th-18th centuries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prof. Dr Ana Crespo Solana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available  This article presents information on the development, over the centuries, of a little known aspect of the communities of foreign Merchants who settled in Spanish cities during the Modern Age. Using previously unpublished documents, relating to the “Ilustre y Antigua Nación Flamenca” of Seville and Cádiz, the article aims to give a description of the charitable activities carried out by the colony of merchants in Seville and, especially, in Cádiz, who were natives of the Southern Low Countries and the Dutch Republic. This merchant community had assigned the administration of a “Patronato” to their brotherhood, which included the control of numerous items of furniture and properties of great value. The description of this religious and benevolent activity gives a no less interesting view, when compared with the purely economic one, of its importance on the integration of these communities into the Spanish society of the 17th and 18th centuries. This research has been made with historical documents from Spanish Archives (Cádiz, Madrid and Alcalá de Henares.

  12. Working conditions in the engine department - A qualitative study among engine room personnel on board Swedish merchant ships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lundh, Monica; Lützhöft, Margareta; Rydstedt, Leif; Dahlman, Joakim

    2011-01-01

    The specific problems associated with the work on board within the merchant fleet are well known and have over the years been a topic of discussion. The work conditions in the engine room (ER) are demanding due to, e.g. the thermal climate, noise and awkward working postures. The work in the engine control room (ECR) has over recent years undergone major changes, mainly due to the introduction of computers on board. In order to capture the impact these changes had implied, and also to investigate how the work situation has developed, a total of 20 engine officers and engine ratings were interviewed. The interviews were semi-structured and Grounded Theory was used for the data analysis. The aim of the present study was to describe how the engine crew perceive their work situation and working environment on board. Further, the aim was to identify areas for improvements which the engine crew consider especially important for a safe and effective work environment. The result of the study shows that the design of the ECR and ER is crucial for how different tasks are performed. Design which does not support operational procedures and how tasks are performed risk inducing inappropriate behaviour as the crew members' are compelled to find alternative ways to perform their tasks in order to get the job done. These types of behaviour can induce an increased risk of exposure to hazardous substances and the engine crew members becoming injured. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Ltd and The Ergonomics Society. All rights reserved.

  13. A Cost Benefit Analysis Approach to Identify Improvements in Merchant Navy Deck Officers’ HELM (Human Element Leadership and Management Training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhan Saeed

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available A review of maritime accidents conducted over the last decade confirms that human error is the main contributing factor in these incidents. Well-developed Non-Technical Skills (NTS can reduce the effects of human error. NTS include both interpersonal and cognitive skills such as situation awareness, teamwork, decision-making, leadership, managerial skills, communication and language skills. In a crisis situation good NTS allow a deck officer to recognise the problem quickly, take action to manage the situation, and utilise the available team members safely and effectively. This paper identifies the importance of NTS training for merchant navy deck officers. It also highlights room for improvement in the existing HELM training. Research has shown that at present the structure of HELM training is not very effective. The other safety critical domains’ efforts into NTS developments are investigated and examples of best practice are adapted into the maritime domain’s NTS training. Suggestions are given for improvements to the HELM course based on proven successful methods in other safety critical domains (aviation and anaesthesia. A subsequent Cost Benefit Analysis for improving deck officers’ NTS is also carried out through the use of Bayesian Networks and Decision Tree Modelling.

  14. Social Perception of Infertility and Its Treatment in Late Medieval Italy: Margherita Datini, an Italian Merchant's Wife.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nam, Jong Kuk

    2016-12-01

    Because the perception of infertility in medieval Europe ranged from the extremely religious view of it as a malediction of God or the devil's work, to the reasonable medical conception of it as a sort of disease to treat, it is very difficult to determine the general attitudes of ordinary people towards infertility. This article seeks to elucidate the common social perception of infertility and its treatment in late medieval Europe by analyzing the case of Margherita Datini, an Italian merchant's wife who lived in the 1400s. It relies heavily on the documents left by her and her husband, Francesco Datini; the couple left many records, including letters of correspondence between them. Margherita and those around her regarded infertility not as the devil's curse or a punishment by God but as a disease that can be cured. Margherita and her husband, Francesco, tried hard to cure their infertility. They received treatment and prescriptions from several doctors while also relying on folk remedies, religious therapies, and even magical remedies. The comparative analysis of Datini documents, medical books, and theoretical treatises or prescriptive essays by clerics suggests that the general perception of infertility in medieval Europe was located between the extremely religious and modern medical conceptions of it.

  15. [Detection of stool antigens of Echinococcus granulosus in dogs belonging to slaughterhouse workers and offal merchants in Metropolitan Lima].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merino, Veronika; Falcón, Néstor; Morel, Noelia; González, Gualberto

    2017-04-20

    To demonstrate the presence of Echinoccocus granulosus in the definitive host in the city of Lima, Perú, by detecting parasite antigens in the stool of dogs belonging to offal handlers and merchants in authorized slaughterhouses in Metropolitan Lima. Stool samples were collected from 58 dogs and examined using the coproELISA technique for the detection of secretory/excretory antigens of E. granulosus. A survey was conducted to obtain information on pet feeding and handling practices. Positivity to E. granulosus was detected in 13.8% (8/58) of the dogs. In 27.8% (5/18) of the homes, at least one animal showed positivity, and in families that had more than four dogs the chances of finding positivity in at least one dog were higher (P dog tested positive the pets were fed on offal. Of study participants, 94.4% (17) knew nothing about the routes of transmission of hydatid disease. Results show the presence of definitive hosts in the urban area of Lima and underscore the need to more widely disseminate practices for the prevention of parasite transmission.

  16. Total Stem and Merchantable Volume Equations of Norway Spruce (Picea abies (L. Karst. Growing on Former Farmland in Sweden

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tord Johansson

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available An equation was constructed to estimate the stem volume of Norway spruce (Picea abies (L. Karst. in 145 stands growing on former farmland in Sweden (Latitude 56–63° N. The mean total age was 40 ± 13 (range 17–91 years, the mean diameter at breast height (ob was 15 ± 4 (range 5–27 cm and the mean density was 1621 ± 902 (range 100–7600 stems ha−1. The equation which fits the data best used the diameter at breast height and total stem height as predictive variables. Merchantable volume equations for the estimation of commercial volume for any top diameter and bole length were developed. Soil types in the stands were sediments (coarse sand, fine sand and silt and heavy, medium and light clay, tills (sandy, fine sandy and silty and peat. The standing volume was calculated; the mean was 253 ± 103 (range 26–507 m3 ha−1 with a MAI (mean annual increment of 6.9±3.5 (range 1.3–16.7 m3 ha−1 year−1. There were statistically significant differences between MAI and coarse sand, sand and silt, light clay, peat and silty till soils. Spruce stands growing on silty tills had the lowest MAI (4.94 ± 2.27 m3 ha−1 year−1 and light clay, fine sand and silt and peat the highest (7.62 ± 4.24, 7.46 ± 3.33 and 8.67 ± 2.83 m3 ha−1 year−1.

  17. THE ECONOMIC ACTIVITIES OF A GLOBAL MERCHANT -BANKER IN CHILE: HUTH & CO. OF LONDON, 1820S-1850S

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANUEL LLORCA-JAÑA

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with Huth & Co.'s activities in Chile during the 1820s-1850s. Huth was the only London merchant-banker that decided to go global before 1850, and also the only one to open a branch in Chile. The analysis of how his branches operated should take this into account, yet Huth's activities in Chile have only previously been examined using a bilateral approach to examine the economic relations between Chile and Britain. This situation was mainly due to the fact that the richest collection of primary material on Huth & Co. (the Huth papers at University College London had been ignored by scholars working on Anglo-Chilean economic relations during the first half of the nineteenth-century. The main focus of this paper is on the information that we were made unaware of due to this restricted investigative approach. Among them are the connections established between Huth's branches in Chile and the USA, Asia, continental Europe and the rest of Latin America; and the important trade in Spanish quicksilver.El presente artículo trata sobre las actividades económicas en Chile de Huth & Co. durante el período 1820-1850. Huth & Co. fue el único mercader banquero de Londres que decidió tener una empresa global antes de 1850 y el único también en abrir una oficina en Chile. Por lo tanto, las actividades de la sucursal en Chile deben ser analizadas considerando estos dos importantes hechos. Sin embargo, antes de este estudio, las actividades de Huth en el país fueron examinadas usando un enfoque estrictamente bilateral de las relaciones entre Chile y Gran Bretaña. Esta visión restrictiva se debió en gran parte al desconocimiento de los historiadores interesados en las relaciones anglo-chilenas de una importante fuente de información: los archivos de Huth disponibles en el University College London. Debido a este desconocimiento, la historiografía no ha dado cuenta de importantes hechos tratado en este artículo. Por ejemplo, de las

  18. United States Merchant Marine Academy: Internal Control Weaknesses Resulted in Improper Sources and Uses of Funds; Some Corrective Actions Are Under Way. Report to Congressional Committees. GAO-09-635

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franzel, Jeanette M.

    2009-01-01

    The U.S. Merchant Marine Academy (Academy), a component of the Department of Transportation's Maritime Administration (MARAD), is one of five U.S. service academies. The Academy is affiliated with 14 nonappropriated fund instrumentalities (NAFI) and two foundations. The US Government Accountability Office (GAO) was asked to determine whether…

  19. 46 CFR 11.505 - Engineer officer structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Engineer officer structure. 11.505 Section 11.505 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS Professional Requirements for Engineer Officer § 11.505 Engineer officer structure...

  20. 46 CFR 350.3 - Other original recognition of service.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... in Philippine Waters for not less than 30 days from October 17, 1944 to September 3, 1945; (b) Korean Conflict Service. Korean Service bar and medal for merchant seamen who served in waters adjacent to Korea during the Korean Conflict, between June 30, 1950 and September 30, 1953. (c) Service in the Vietnam...

  1. 46 CFR 13.203 - Eligibility: Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility: Experience. 13.203 Section 13.203 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN Requirements for âTankerman-PICâ Endorsement § 13.203 Eligibility: Experience. Each applicant for...

  2. 46 CFR 13.503 - Eligibility: Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility: Experience. 13.503 Section 13.503 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN Requirements for âTankerman-Engineerâ Endorsement § 13.503 Eligibility: Experience. (a) Each...

  3. 46 CFR 13.303 - Eligibility: Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility: Experience. 13.303 Section 13.303 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN Requirements for âTankerman-PIC (Barge)â Endorsement § 13.303 Eligibility: Experience. Each...

  4. 46 CFR 13.403 - Eligibility: Experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Eligibility: Experience. 13.403 Section 13.403 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN Requirements for âTankerman-Assistantâ Endorsement § 13.403 Eligibility: Experience. (a) Each...

  5. 46 CFR 16.500 - Management Information System requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Management Information System requirements. 16.500 Section 16.500 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Management Information System § 16.500 Management Information System requirements. (a...

  6. 46 CFR 16.201 - Application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Application. 16.201 Section 16.201 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CHEMICAL TESTING Required Chemical Testing § 16.201 Application. (a) Chemical testing of personnel must be conducted as required by this...

  7. 46 CFR 13.127 - Service: General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Service: General. 13.127 Section 13.127 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT MARINE OFFICERS AND SEAMEN CERTIFICATION OF TANKERMEN General § 13.127 Service: General. (a) A service letter must be signed by the owner, operator, master, or...

  8. Violent video games and the Supreme Court: lessons for the scientific community in the wake of Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Christopher J

    2013-01-01

    In June 2011 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that video games enjoy full free speech protections and that the regulation of violent game sales to minors is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court also referred to psychological research on violent video games as "unpersuasive" and noted that such research contains many methodological flaws. Recent reviews in many scholarly journals have come to similar conclusions, although much debate continues. Given past statements by the American Psychological Association linking video game and media violence with aggression, the Supreme Court ruling, particularly its critique of the science, is likely to be shocking and disappointing to some psychologists. One possible outcome is that the psychological community may increase the conclusiveness of their statements linking violent games to harm as a form of defensive reaction. However, in this article the author argues that the psychological community would be better served by reflecting on this research and considering whether the scientific process failed by permitting and even encouraging statements about video game violence that exceeded the data or ignored conflicting data. Although it is likely that debates on this issue will continue, a move toward caution and conservatism as well as increased dialogue between scholars on opposing sides of this debate will be necessary to restore scientific credibility. The current article reviews the involvement of the psychological science community in the Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association case and suggests that it might learn from some of the errors in this case for the future. (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved.

  9. Merchants in Florence, Knights under the rule of the kings of Aragon. The Tecchini-Taquí between the 14th and the 15th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Soldani, Maria Elisa

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The path of the Tecchinis is a relevant example of a Florentine family’s naturalization in the Catalan-Aragonese kingdoms. In contrast to many of their conationals, the record of Tecchini-Taquí is characterized by their long presence and by establishing a unique integration process, which involved a transgression of social rank from merchants to knights in less then a century. The key to their achievements was double identity and the coexistence of the Tuscan merchant’s typical skills with the involvements of the great mercantile Catalan families. As a result they could cover the role of intermediates between Florentine companies and the local world. The members of this family also made use of a direct and privileged relation with the Crown, established due to the professional services they offered to the monarchs.

    La traiettoria dei Tecchini costituisce un esempio significativo di naturalizzazione di una famiglia fiorentina in ambito catalano-aragonese. I Tecchini- Taquí, al contrario di molti dei loro connazionali, furono caratterizzati da una presenza di lunga durata e dall’avviarsi di un processo d’integrazione che avrebbe comportato, in meno di un secolo, anche un passaggio di status da mercanti a cavalieri. La chiave del loro successo fu la doppia appartenenza, il coesistere delle caratteristiche tipiche del mercante toscano con gli interessi delle grandi famiglie mercantili catalano-aragonesi, che gli consentì di ricoprire il ruolo di mediatori tra compagnie fiorentine e mondo locale. Gli esponenti di questa famiglia si avvalsero anche di un rapporto diretto e privilegiato con la Corona, stretto grazie ai servizi di natura professionale offerti ai monarchi.

  10. How Environmental "Merchants of Doubt" Use Peer-Reviewed Publication as a Means to Commandeer Scientific Debate: A Case Study of a Publishing Problem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Siegel, D. I.

    2015-12-01

    This year, the USEPA reported no systemic problem with respect to pollution of potable waters by solutes or natural gas resulting from unconventional drilling for oil and gas, despite attempts by anti-fracking opponents to frighten the public about water pollution from rare circumstances (much as those who have cherry- picked climate data to suggest burning fossil fuels does not affect climate). Scientific "merchants of doubt" have figured out how to use peer-reviewed papers to advocate their bias, regardless of the side for which they advocate. I present a personal example. Prior to the EPA report, authors of a highly-cited peer-reviewed paper argued that more dissolved methane than usual should be expected in ground water located close to unconventional gas wells. This paper figured prominently in the New York State's recent ban on fracking. To test the reproducibility of this conclusion, colleagues and I redid the study but by sampling ~13,000 NE Pennsylvania domestic wells, densely arrayed near ~800 gas wells. Not surprising, we found no systemic relationship between methane in drinking water and proximity to gas wells; failed gas wells actually are rare. The peer reviewed system of publication has been broken for years, because of continual pressure to publish more to achieve academic success coupled to a flood of international submissions. Editors routinely have a difficult time finding senior scientists to agree to review papers, and so they wind up relying more on reviewers suggested by authors, who can and have gamed the peer review system through it. To resolve this problem, I suggest that journal editors be more far more draconian before releasing papers for review and that they enforce clear rubrics to insure that reviewers address reviews properly. Finally, conflict of interest disclosure needs to be clearer, since common assumption that bias inherently evolves from funded research outside of Federal and non-profit organizations, appears to be, at

  11. L’Entrepreneuriat au sein de la famille. Marchands et entrepreneurs en Inde Entrepreneurship in the Family Context: Merchants and Entrepreneurs in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harald Tambs-Lyche

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Malgré le déni de Max Weber, l’essor actuel de l’économie indienne montre que non seulement l’esprit du capitalisme, mais aussi l’entrepreneuriat, sont bien présents en Inde. Dans cet article, j’analyse les stratégies commerciales des Gauda Saraswat Brahmanes du Sud Kanara (autour de Mangalore, sur la côte Ouest de l’Inde, en utilisant le modèle d’entrepreneuriat proposé par Fredrik Barth (1962, 1967. Fidèle à la tradition du « capitalisme de portefeuille » (Baily 1989, ces marchands distribuent leur capital entre des filières sûres mais modérément rentables, et des projets novateurs et profitables mais risqués. L’entrepreneur, ici, n’est que rarement l’individu, car il s’agit le plus souvent d’une stratégie orchestrée par la famille, qui se confond à son tour avec la firme familiale. Cette orchestration exige des chefs de famille un souci constant de management qui se manifeste en écoutant les idées des cadets et en leur confiant des rôles qui les gratifient au sein de l’entreprise familiale, tout en gardant la main sur la stratégie globale de la firme.In spite of Max Weber’s views, the present growth in the Indian economy shows rather conclusively the presence both of the spirit of capitalism and of entrepreneurship in India. In this article, I analyse the commercial strategies of the Gauda Saraswat Brahmins of South Kanara (around Mangalore, on the West coast of India, using the model of entrepreneurship proposed by Fredrik Barth (1962, 1967. True to the tradition of portefeuille capitalism (Baily 1989, these merchants distribute their capital between safe but moderately remunerative ventures, and projects that are profitable but risky. The entrepreneur, here, is rarely an individual, rather we see a strategy orchestrated by the family, which in its turn corresponds to the family firm. This organisation demands constant attention from the head of the family, who must listen to the ideas of

  12. Hearings before the Ad Hoc Committee on Maritime Education and Training of the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, Ninety-Third Congress; Second Session on Officer Requirements, and Session on Maritime Education Regarding Safety at Sea. Serial No. 93-44.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. House Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries.

    The publication consists of Congressional hearings before the Ad Hoc Committee on Maritime Education and Training: (1) June 26, 1974 hearing pertaining to officer requirements and (2) November 19, 1974 hearing on maritime education regarding safety at sea. Estimated cost per graduate for the U. S. Merchant Marine 1973 class was $31,100. Supply and…

  13. The Evaluator as Power Merchant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fein, Edith; And Others

    1993-01-01

    The utilization of program evaluation is addressed and illustrated through the case study of a family reunification program at a New England child welfare agency. It is argued that evaluation is an exercise in power in an organization. Evaluators who understand power can work with the realities they find. (SLD)

  14. Occupational accidents aboard merchant ships

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, H.L.; Nielsen, D.; Frydenberg, Morten

    2002-01-01

    aboard. Relative risks for notified accidents and accidents causing permanent disability of 5% or more were calculated in a multivariate analysis including ship type, occupation, age, time on board, change of ship since last employment period, and nationality. Foreigners had a considerably lower recorded...... identified during a total of 31 140 years at sea. Among these, 209 accidents resulted in permanent disability of 5% or more, and 27 were fatal. The mean risk of having an occupational accident was 6.4/100 years at sea and the risk of an accident causing a permanent disability of 5% or more was 0.67/100 years...... rate of accidents than Danish citizens. Age was a major risk factor for accidents causing permanent disability. Change of ship and the first period aboard a particular ship were identified as risk factors. Walking from one place to another aboard the ship caused serious accidents. The most serious...

  15. Ragusan merchants and the Crusades in the Late Middle Ages. Financial support for the war and bequests pro anima... “ad pasagium turchorum seu saracenorum, et alliud super patarenos Bosnie”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romano, Daniela

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Ragusan wills of 13th and 14th centuries reveal peculiar and unsuspected aspects about armed pilgrimages by proxy in the Balkans. The struggle against infedeles and heretics propagandized by the Roman Church finds financial support and full agreement in Dubrovnik citizens, also thanks to the Franciscan and Dominican preaching. Nobles, merchants, clerics and priests, craftsmen, men and women, they are all ready to take part in the Just war. Anyway they would fight only on the condition of leaving a sum of money to those who would fight for their souls’ salvation.

    I testamenti ragusei del XIII e XIV secolo rivelano aspetti particolari e per nulla indagati sul pellegrinaggio armato per procura in area balcanica. La lotta agli infedeles e agli eretici messa in atto dalla Chiesa di Roma trova sostegno economico e piena adesione nei cittadini di Dubrovnik, città-stato baluardo della cristianità più a levante, anche grazie alla campagna pubblicistica attuata da francescani e domenicani. Nobili, mercanti, chierici e preti, artigiani, uomini e donne partecipano alla giusta guerra, prevedendo lasciti per uomini che combatteranno per la salvezza delle anime dei testatori.

  16. 20 CFR 25.202 - How is the Special Schedule applied for Japanese seamen?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...' wages. (e) Permanent partial disability. (1) The provisions of § 25.100 shall apply to the types of..., DEPARTMENT OF LABOR FEDERAL EMPLOYEES' COMPENSATION ACT COMPENSATION FOR DISABILITY AND DEATH OF NONCITIZEN... total disability. Weekly compensation shall be paid at 75 percent of the weekly wage rate. (c) Temporary...

  17. Developing e-commerce in charity setting : Case: The Finnish Seamen's Mission

    OpenAIRE

    Pirinen, Sari

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this case study was to develop the Finnish Seamen’s Mission’s e-commerce so that it would be more effective and attract new customers and at the same time it would support organization’s marketing strategies. The main goal was to make strategic e-commerce development plan. The first theory part concentrates on strategy, planning and common strategy tools. A good solid strategy is the basis when starting and developing concepts. The second theory part concentrates on e-comme...

  18. A merchant ship size optimization model

    OpenAIRE

    Choi, Ki-Chul

    1983-01-01

    Approved for public release; distribution in unlimited. This paper analyzes how a shipowner or charterer may determine the specification of optimal ship size for a given route with respect to certain market requirements . The theory of optimal ship size, a methodology for estimating scale economics, and the various factors affecting ship size are examined using a typical conventional cargo ship and bulk cargo carriers based on shipowners ' cost data. http://archi...

  19. The United States nuclear merchant ship program

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Maynard, E.V.

    1978-01-01

    The issues of financial protection contemplate appropriate financing to permit construction of the involved vessels. In addition, the licensing process will require a demonstrated ability for financial response in the event of injury to persons or damage to property. Since the thrust in the United States is to use the Price-Anderson framework for Insurance and Indemnity, much attention is devoted to this legislation. The pre-existing regime is related to the distinguishing requirements of the Maritime field with proposals being advanced to more nearly parallel the insurance coverage philosophy of Europe, i.e., to utilize insurance pools for the nuclear risks and utilize the conventional insurance market for non-nuclear risks. Public affairs issues impact heavily on legislation efforts and thusly become significant in developing a program for Financial Protection

  20. Code of safety for nuclear merchant ships

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1982-01-01

    The Code is in chapters, entitled: general (including general safety principles and principles of risk acceptance); design criteria and conditions; ship design, construction and equipment; nuclear steam supply system; machinery and electrical installations; radiation safety (including radiological protection design; protection of persons; dosimetry; radioactive waste management); operation (including emergency operation procedures); surveys. Appendices cover: sinking velocity calculations; seaway loads depending on service periods; safety assessment; limiting dose-equivalent rates for different areas and spaces; quality assurance programme; application of single failure criterion. Initial application of the Code is restricted to conventional types of ships propelled by nuclear propulsion plants with pressurized light water type reactors. (U.K.)

  1. Japanese “Merchants of Culture”

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moeran, Brian

    2014-01-01

    Purpose. To provide an overview of the Japanese publishing industry and to compare it with the publishing industry in the United Kingdom to see whether similarities and differences are industry- or culture-specific. Design/methodology/approach. The paper provides detailed descriptions...... of Japanese publishing. Research limitations/implications The Japanese publishing industry appears to operate under certain cultural constraints that inhibit crosscultural comparison, while enabling cross-industry comparison within Japan. Why this is so needs further research. Can the parallels between...... of the activities of the three main players in the Japanese publishing industry (publishers/editors; distributors; and booksellers). This tripartite structure of the industry encourages divide-and-rule mechanisms also found in the Japanese advertising industry. At the same time, a comparison with the UK publishing...

  2. Merchant marine nuclear-powered vessels

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khlopkin, N.S.; Zotov, A.P.

    1997-01-01

    The history of civil nuclear-powered vessels development in Russia is highlighted. Advantages of nuclear propulsion for icebreakers operating in the Arctic are discussed. The operation of nuclear-powered icebreakers and the nuclear lighters-aboard ship in the Arctic has changed the situation on the Northern Sea Way. The all year round navigation there now is a reality. The reliability, safety and ecological cleanness of nuclear-powered vessels are discussed. The necessity of internationally recognized standards, rules and codes for safe operation of nuclear-powered trade vessels is underlined. (orig.)

  3. 76 FR 35169 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... Renee V. Wright, Program Manager, Docket Operations, telephone 202-366-9826. SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION... where persons who have made mistakes, paid their debt to society and were living as responsible citizens...

  4. 76 FR 35173 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-16

    ... RECs' attempt ``to accomplish even more with fewer resources is the basis of the current problem with... mariner's birthday, and that current documents should be extended as necessary to implement this change... additional 5-year period. To help alleviate the problem created by the 5-year validity period, the NMC is...

  5. 77 FR 31515 - Validation of Merchant Mariners' Vital Information and Issuance of Coast Guard Merchant Mariner's...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-29

    ... definition of a dangerous drug. DATES: This final rule is effective June 28, 2012. ADDRESSES: Comments and.... Abbreviations II. Regulatory History III. Basis and Purpose IV. Background V. Discussion of Comments and Changes... section of the January 13, 2006, interim rule that has remained unfinalized is the definition of...

  6. 77 FR 5217 - Retrospective Review Under E.O. 13563: Seamen's Claims; Admiralty Extension Act Claims; and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-02

    ..., insufficient, or excessively burdensome. Accordingly, the Maritime Administration is soliciting public comment... including, but not limited to, license and parking fees, personnel expenses, harbor fees, wharfage, dockage...

  7. 77 FR 65631 - Retrospective Review Under E.O. 13563: Seamen's Claims; Admiralty Extension Act Claims; and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-30

    ... review existing significant rules to determine if they are outmoded, ineffective, insufficient, or..., license and parking fees, personnel expenses, harbor fees, wharfage, dockage, shedding, stevedoring...

  8. 7 CFR 984.472 - Reports of merchantable walnuts shipped.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... MARKETING SERVICE (Marketing Agreements and Orders; Fruits, Vegetables, Nuts), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE... country of destination. If a handler makes no shipments during any month he/she shall submit a report... remainder of that marketing year. (b) Reports of walnuts purchased directly from growers by handlers who are...

  9. 75 FR 6680 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee; Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-10

    ... Marriott Metairie at Lakeway Hotel, 3838 N. Causeway Boulevard, Metairie, LA. Send written material and..., Washington, DC 20593-7126. This notice may be viewed in our online docket, USCG-2010-0054, at http://www... the STCW Convention and the STCW Code Identified for Comprehensive Review; (d) Task Statement 71...

  10. 77 FR 1944 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-12

    ... information provided. You may review a Privacy Act notice regarding our public dockets in the January 17, 2008... measures which can be used to assess mariner competencies listed in the International Convention on... assess mariner competencies listed in the STCW, and Task Statement 77, concerning the development of new...

  11. Safe manning of merchant ships: an approach and computer tool

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Alapetite, Alexandre; Kozin, Igor

    2017-01-01

    -event simulation and allows estimation of the workload and of whether different scenarios are successfully performed taking account of the number of crewmembers, watch schedules, distribution of competencies, and others. The software library ‘SimManning’ at the core of the project is provided as open source...

  12. Blacks against Korean Merchants: An Interpretation of Contributory Factors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, K. Hugh

    1990-01-01

    Examines the 1990 boycott of Korean-owned food stores in Brooklyn by African Americans. Provides background on ethnic conflicts in America, especially those involving Asian Americans. Calls for increased racial and cultural sensitivity in communities and schools. (DM)

  13. 78 FR 19725 - Merchant Mariner Medical Evaluation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-02

    ... merits of a closed, open, or hybrid system of medical evaluation, noting advantages and disadvantages of... have access to the Internet, you may view the docket online by visiting the Docket Management Facility...

  14. George Peabody (1795-1869): Merchant, Banker, Philanthropist.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This paper traces events in the life of George Peabody. Born in Danvers, Massachusetts near Boston, Peabody attended a district school for four years and was apprenticed in a general store at an early age. After four years of apprenticeship, Peabody worked with his brother in a drapery shop, then traveled to the District of Columbia with his uncle…

  15. Obras del arquitecto José Llambias Merchant – Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Historico, Torroja

    1976-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes: 1 State secondary school for boys —the most important one in the country— with a capacity for 2,500 students, located in the centre of Santiago. Out of 103 projects this won the first prize in the National Public Competition. It consists of educational premises of all kinds, such as for sports and cultural activities, and is provided with the latest installations and equipment for this type of building. 2 Social and sports centre of the Inmobiliaria Deportiva Unión Española, S. A., also situated in Santiago, comprising all kinds or sports installations further premises for cultural and social activities and welfare services: 11,000 m2 occuped by buildings, 4,000 m2 of terraces and gardens and a capacity for approximately 6,000 people. 3 Indoor gymnasium of Talcahuano, divided into a social, sports and cultural section, auditorium and stadium. These three parts contain the most modern equipment for each one of the three facets, and forms a model complex. The structures of the three buildings are of reinforced concrete and have been calculated to resist the continuous earthquakes that afflict the area.Se describen en este artículo: 1 Colegio Fiscal masculino para enseñanza secundaria —el más importante de la nación—, con capacidad para 2.500 alumnos, en el centro de Santiago, obtenido en reñido concurso público nacional, al que concurrieron 103 anteproyectos. Consta de toda suerte de dependencias de enseñanza, deportivas y culturales, contando con los mayores adelantos actuales para este tipo de edificios. 2 Sede social y deportiva de Inmobiliaria Deportiva Unión Española, S. A., también situada en Santiago y dotada de instalaciones para todo tipo de deportes, actos culturales, actividades sociales y servicios asistenciales, con 11.000 m2 edificados, 4.000 m2 de terrazas y jardines, y capacidad para unas 6.000 personas. 3 Gimnasio cubierto de Talcahuano, dividido en sede social, deportiva y cultural, auditorio y estadio cubierto propiamente dicho. Las tres partes citadas están dotadas de las más modernas instalaciones en cada una de las facetas, constituyendo un complejo modelo. Las estructuras de los tres edificios son de hormigón armado y han sido calculadas para resistir los continuos movimientos sísmicos que sufre el territorio.

  16. compatible volume-taper equations for predicting merchantable ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ADMIN

    On the other hand they noted that volume- based systems, if derived from sufficiently unbiased volume equations will always be satisfactory for total volume estimation. The purpose of this study is, therefore, to develop a compatible volume and taper system for. Cupressus lusitanica stands in Munessa Shashemene. Forest ...

  17. 78 FR 54265 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-03

    ... basis of race, color, religion, sex, national origin, political affiliation, sexual orientation, gender identity, marital status, disability and genetic information, age, membership in an employee organization... and social security number. To visit our online docket, go to http://www.regulations.gov , enter the...

  18. Merchants of Death: Media Violence and American Empire.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trend, David

    2003-01-01

    Research has done little to advance understanding of who accesses the violent imagery in popular culture. The narrow perspective provided by mass-produced media violence must be broadened by critical viewpoints that provide information people need to participate in the democratic process. (Contains 85 reference notes.) (SK)

  19. 76 FR 50746 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-16

    ... Mark Gould as indicated above to register as a speaker. Dated: August 10, 2011. J.G. Lantz, Director of...: Mr. Mark Gould, Alternate Designated Federal Officer (ADFO) to the Designated Federal Officer (DFO... contacting Mark Gould. Once you have accessed the MERPAC Committee page, click on the meetings tab and then...

  20. 76 FR 16434 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-23

    ... C. Gould, Commandant (CG-5221), Attention MERPAC, U.S. Coast Guard, 2100 Second St., SW., STOP 7126, Washington, DC 20593-7126; e-mail: mark.c.gould@uscg.mil ; fax: (202) 372-1926. If you have questions on... Commandant of the Coast Guard. Dated: March 17, 2011. J.G. Lantz, Director of Commercial Regulations and...

  1. 78 FR 1217 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee; Vacancies

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-08

    ... vessels; one position for a member who represents the viewpoint of shipping companies employed in ship... Ethics Official (DAEO) or his or her designee may release a Confidential Financial Disclosure Report. Applicants can obtain this form by going to the Web site of the Office of Government Ethics ( www.oge.gov...

  2. Utilization of non-merchantable wood in Steppe regions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobrovol' skil, E.Ya.

    1979-01-01

    A description, with diagram, is given of the design of a small mobile retort developed in the USSR for pyrolysis of unmerchantable wood in the steppe regions. The type of wood considered is the tree and shrub material in shelterbelts, e.g. Cornus sanguinea, Elaeagnus angustifolia, Ribes aureum, Cotinus coggygria (Rhus continus) and Caragana arborescens. Yields of charcoal, settled tar, alcohols, and volatile acids from each of these species are given in % of oven-dry wood for pyrolysis at 320/sup 0/C for 2 h. Comparative data are given for dry distillation of wood of birch, spruce, and pine (400/sup 0/C, 8 h).

  3. 77 FR 51039 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-23

    ... received will be posted without alteration at http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal... recommendations on this date. The public will have ] an opportunity to speak after each Working Group's Report...

  4. 78 FR 52779 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-26

    ... be posted without alteration at http://www.regulations.gov , including any personal information... recommendations on this date. The public will have an opportunity to speak after each Working Group's Report...

  5. 78 FR 11213 - Merchant Mariner Medical Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... action. Comments received will be posted without alteration at http://www.regulations.gov , including any.... The public will have an opportunity to speak after each Working Group's Report before the full...

  6. Princes and Merchants: European City Growth before the Industrial Revolution.

    OpenAIRE

    De Long, J Bradford; Shleifer, Andrei

    1993-01-01

    As measured by the pace of city growth in western Europe from 1000 to 1800. absolutist monarchs stunted the growth of commerce and industry. A region ruled by an absolutist prince saw its total urban population shrink by one hundred thousand people per century relative to a region without absolutist government. This might be explained by higher rates of taxation under revenue-maximizing absolutist governments than under non-absolutist governments. which care more about general economic prospe...

  7. 77 FR 12068 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-28

    ... assess mariner competencies listed in the International Convention on Standards of Training... Development of Performance Measures (Assessment Criteria) which can be used to assess mariner competencies... web address: https://homeport.uscg.mil and use these key strokes: Missions; Port and Waterways Safety...

  8. 78 FR 28602 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee: Intercessional Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-15

    ..., entitled ``Development of competency requirements to meet the provisions of Table A-III/2 of the Convention...). Fax: 202-493-2251. Mail: Docket Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West... Advisory Committees; MERPAC; and then use the event key. Alternatively, you may contact Mr. Breyer as noted...

  9. Merchant Shipping in a Chinese Blockade of Taiwan

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Taiwan; 58 percent of Taiwan’s natural gas imports in 2004 came from Indonesia and 40 percent from Malaysia .39 Where the distances to crude oil and LPG...processed foods, are typically containerized, most cereals are transported in loose bulk form. Taiwan depends on considerable quantities of the latter...imported annually.48 The United States is the primary supplier of these commodities, providing 99 percent of the corn cereals , 74 percent of the soybeans

  10. 78 FR 51736 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-21

    ... International Labor Organization's Maritime Labour Convention, 2006; (d) Task Statement 80, Crew Training... International Labor Organization's Maritime Labour Convention, 2006; (d) Task Statement 80, Crew Training... discussion: (a) Report on National Maritime Center (NMC) activities from NMC Commanding Officer, such as the...

  11. 78 FR 11214 - Merchant Marine Personnel Advisory Committee

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-15

    ... Organization's Maritime Labour Convention, 2006; and (g) Task Statement 80, Crew Training Requirements Onboard... Criteria); (f) Task Statement 78, Consideration of the International Labor Organization's Maritime Labour... Maritime Center (NMC) activities from NMC Commanding Officer, such as the net processing time it takes for...

  12. Enforcement of UK merchant shipping legislation: in 2 volumes

    OpenAIRE

    Jurgens, Ulrich

    2009-01-01

    The basis of this thesis is an investigation of Maritime and Coastguard Agency (MCA) administrative and criminal enforcement files, relating to UK detentions and prosecutions. It would appear that this is the first time that such an analysis has been made.The thesis is divided into four parts of which Part B and C form the heart of the work. These two consider administrative (Part B) and criminal (Part C) enforcement measures and discusses their legal basis. But before these subjects are deal...

  13. Integrated DNA and fingerprint analyses in the identification of 60-year-old mummified human remains discovered in an Alaskan glacier.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loreille, Odile M; Parr, Ryan L; McGregor, Kevin A; Fitzpatrick, Colleen M; Lyon, Chriss; Yang, Dongya Y; Speller, Camilla F; Grimm, Michael R; Grimm, Michael J; Irwin, Jodi A; Robinson, Edward M

    2010-05-01

    This report describes the identification of a merchant mariner who perished in 1948 when Northwest Airlines Flight 4422, a DC-4 carrying 24 seamen and six crew members crashed into Mount Sanford, Alaska. Fifty-one years later, a human forearm and hand were found close by the wreckage of the plane, prompting identification efforts using DNA and fingerprints. There were significant challenges to both the fingerprint and DNA analyses. The hand was badly desiccated, making fingerprint friction-ridge detail almost invisible and the remains had been embalmed upon discovery, making DNA amplification difficult. We present the results of an interdisciplinary approach that successfully addressed these challenges and ultimately led to the identification of the remains. These efforts relied on efficient fingerprint rejuvenation and imaging techniques that improved print resolution, as well as new DNA extraction techniques optimized for aggressively embalmed remains.

  14. Production as translation: the merchant of Venice on the “foreign” stage Production as translation: the merchant of Venice on the “foreign” stage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susan L. Fischer

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, seventeenth-century classical drama has increasingly traversed national borders and become accessible to “foreign” audiences through modern productions based on translations and / or new versions that interrogate the original textual author-ity. The very act of translation, of denying a classical author such as Shakespeare his language, presents a challenge to the universalizing tendency of traditional stage history with its essentialist assumptions that classical texts “are stable and authoritative, that meaning is immanent in them, and that actors and directors are therefore interpreters rather than makers of meaning” (Bulman “Introd.” 1. In any reading of performance, whether past of present, the critic’s task is, as Cary Mazer reminds us, “an act of contextualizing, of historicizing, the performance in its cultural moment” (149.1 The performance text2 is itself historically contingent, the outcome of a process Patrice Pavis terms its “concretization,” wherein “signifier (literary work as thing, signified (aesthetic object, and Social Context. In recent years, seventeenth-century classical drama has increasingly traversed national borders and become accessible to “foreign” audiences through modern productions based on translations and / or new versions that interrogate the original textual author-ity. The very act of translation, of denying a classical author such as Shakespeare his language, presents a challenge to the universalizing tendency of traditional stage history with its essentialist assumptions that classical texts “are stable and authoritative, that meaning is immanent in them, and that actors and directors are therefore interpreters rather than makers of meaning” (Bulman “Introd.” 1. In any reading of performance, whether past of present, the critic’s task is, as Cary Mazer reminds us, “an act of contextualizing, of historicizing, the performance in its cultural moment” (149.1 The performance text2 is itself historically contingent, the outcome of a process Patrice Pavis terms its “concretization,” wherein “signifier (literary work as thing, signified (aesthetic object, and Social Context.

  15. 46 CFR 308.302 - Issuance of interim binder; terms and conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.302 Issuance of interim binder; terms..., conditions, and warranties contained in the application for Second Seamen's war risk insurance (set forth in § 308.3) and the Second Seamen's War Risk Policy (1955) (set forth in § 308.306) to the same extent as...

  16. A novel flexible model for piracy and robbery assessment of merchant ship operations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pristrom, Sascha; Yang, Zaili; Wang, Jin; Yan, Xinping

    2016-01-01

    Maritime piracy and robbery can not only cause logistics chain disruption leading to economic consequences but also result in loss of lives, and short- and long-term health problems of seafarers and passengers. There is a justified need for further investigation in this area of paramount importance. This study analyses maritime piracy and robbery related incidents in terms of the major influencing factors such as ship characteristics and geographical locations. An analytical model incorporating Bayesian reasoning is proposed to estimate the likelihood of a ship being hijacked in the Western Indian or Eastern African region. The proposed model takes into account the characteristics of the ship, environment conditions and the maritime security measures in place in an integrated manner. Available data collected from the Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS) together with expert judgement is used to develop and demonstrate the proposed model. This model can be used by maritime stakeholders to make cost-effective anti-piracy decisions in their operations under uncertainties. Discussions are given on industrial response to maritime piracy in order to minimize the risk to ships exposed to attacks from pirates. Further recommendations on how maritime security and piracy may be best addressed in terms of maritime security measures are outlined. - Highlights: • Analysis of maritime piracy and robbery related incidents in terms of the major influencing factors such as ship characteristics. • Development of an analytical model for estimating the likelihood of a ship being hijacked in the Western Indian or Eastern African region. • Demonstration of the proposed model using data collected from the Global Integrated Shipping Information System (GISIS) together with expert judgement. • Development of an analytical model for maritime piracy and robbery assessment.

  17. Autonomous Unmanned Merchant Vessel and its Contribution towards the e-Navigation Implementation: The MUNIN Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Christoph Burmeister

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available While IMO's e-Navigation project's scope is to enhance safety of navigation by improved ship-to-shore-cooperation, the EU's FP7 project MUNIN's aim is to develop a concept for an autonomous dry bulk carrier, that is at least as safe as a manned vessel. As e-Navigation has a strong focus on improving the human element in shipping and MUNIN tends towards an unmanned bridge, a common baseline might look quite contradictory at first, but they share the need to ensure and enhance the safety of navigation. After an introduction into e-Navigation and the MUNIN project, this paper will demonstrate with two examples, how MUNIN's results address identified e-Navigation's gaps and addresses e-Navigation's user needs. Thus, MUNIN contributes to the development and implementation of the prioritized e-Navigation solutions.

  18. 75 FR 24549 - Merchant Marine Act and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act (Magnuson...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-05

    ... example, the FFP may elect to pay for insurance premiums on collateral property when the borrower has... Curve Rate to determine the discount rate. To include a lease among collateral, the project property... foreclose on the collateral pledged for the loan, or collect the loan directly from the defaulting borrower...

  19. 75 FR 78619 - Shipping Act, Merchant Marine, and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-16

    ... property deed of trust, mortgage, assignment of lease or other adequate collateral interest for aquaculture... used as collateral as the basis for assessing the property's worth and suitability for lending. The... project property pledged as collateral. The Program, at its discretion, may request additional collateral...

  20. An Examination of the Ability of Ocean Obervatory Systems to Determine Merchant Ship Direction and Draft

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    and collected data from August–September, 2009. The hydrophone and three orthogonal seismometer channels were beamformed in MATLAB as a vector sensor...Juan de Fuca and collected data from August–September, 2009. The hydrophone and three orthogonal seismometer channels were beamformed in MATLAB as...SEISMOMETERS .........................................................3 B. BEAMFORMING SEISMIC SENSORS

  1. The US merchant blast furnace coke market: current state of play

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Aloe, A. [Shenango Inc., Pittsburgh, PA (US)

    2004-07-01

    A five page text is accompanied by a set of 11 slides/overheads. The talk discussed the reasons why the presenter believes that coke prices will stay above their historical levels for the foreseeable future. 3 refs., 1 fig., 2 tabs.

  2. Autonomous ships in sight: Starting signal for the unmanned merchant shipping project MUNIN

    OpenAIRE

    Burmeister, Hans-Christoph

    2012-01-01

    Autonomous and unmanned vessels are seen as a key element in a competitive and sustainable European shipping industry in the future. For this reason, a new research project called MUNIN (Maritime Unmanned Navigation through Intelligence in Networks) started this September aiming to develop a concept for autonomous ships and to prove its feasibility. It is named after the Old Norse raven, Munin that flew around the world each day without guidance, gathering information and safely returning it ...

  3. 17 CFR 31.13 - Financial reports of leverage transaction merchants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., internal accounting controls or procedures for safeguarding customer or firm assets? (C) Do you have any... required segregation and by a computation of the amount of leverage customer funds segregated pursuant to...

  4. The United States Merchant Marine Academy Historic District: Nomination to the National Register of Historic Places

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-10-01

    of Historic Places NY SHPO New York State Historic Preservation Office SUNY State University of New York USNR US Navy Reserve USMMA United States...echoed the Beaux Arts classicism of Wiley Hall, thus creating a unified architectural complex. With the exception of Wiley Hall, which is masonry ...and stucco, all buildings are of buff-colored concrete masonry units with cast stone (concrete) accents, and the build- ings display a generally

  5. 46 CFR 391.0 - Statutory provisions; section 607, Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... States foreign, Great Lakes, or noncontiguous domestic trade or in the fisheries of the United States and... the United States or in the fisheries of the United States. (B) The amount allowable as a deduction... agreement but only if it is for: (A) The acquisition, construction, or reconstruction of a qualified vessel...

  6. Premodern Translocals: German Merchant Diaspora Between Kalmar and Northern German Towns(1250 – 1500)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naum, Magdalena

    2013-01-01

    of diaspora. This case study also illustrates the importance of engagement with the material world for maintaining such dual relationships and prompts general exploration of theimportance of material culture in diasporic and translocal lives. It discusses how things are used to fill the spaces of physical...

  7. Identities in contract: merchant law in Europe and the future of European contract law / Maren Heidemann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Heidemann, Maren

    2016-01-01

    Euroopa lepinguõigusest, kaupleja ja tarbija dihhotoomiast, ärilepingutest, UNIDROIT printsiipidest rahvusvahelistes ärilepingutes. Kaubandusõigusest. Asjakohasest Saksamaa ja Euroopa Liidu terminoloogiast

  8. 17 CFR 3.12 - Registration of associated persons of futures commission merchants, introducing brokers...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... the questions on Form 8-R which relate to the applicant's education and employment history during the...), each of the registrant's sponsors must file a notice with the National Futures Association on Form 8-T...

  9. From merchants to speakers: the common origins of trade and language

    OpenAIRE

    Alonso-Cortés Manteca, Ángel; Cabrillo Rodríguez, Francisco

    2010-01-01

    Adam Smith argued that division of labour and language are linked to the concept of persuasion. Wowever, this paper asserts that trade in the long run and linguistic communication have their roots in trust and probity since both imply some sort mutuality; if not, neither one nor the other would occur as strategies in repetitive games.

  10. 46 CFR 10.229 - Issuance of duplicate merchant mariner credentials.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... replaced credential(s). The duplicate issued will be in the form of an MMC. Until April 15, 2014, if a... charge. The term “other casualty” includes any damage to a ship caused by collision, explosion, tornado...

  11. 26 CFR 3.0 - Statutory provisions; section 607, Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... capital. If at any time the fair market value of the stock in the fund is more than the agreed percentage... situation in which the fair market value of the stock does not exceed such agreed percentage. For purposes... reconstruction of a qualified vessel, (B) The acquisition, construction, or reconstruction of barges and...

  12. Merchant interconnector projects by generators in the EU: profitability and allocation of capacity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    van Koten, Silvester

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 41, February (2012), s. 748-758 ISSN 0301-4215 R&D Project s: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : regulation * cross-border electricity transmission * vertical integration Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 2.743, year: 2012

  13. Salomó Saporta: A Jewish Merchant before the Valencian Inquisition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Bordes García

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Inquisitorial persecution against Jews has not been systematically approached by historiography, because investigations into the repression of inquisitorial courts in transit between the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries have focused on the Convert group. And while it is true that the modern Inquisition used some prosecutions of the Hebrews in an exemplary way to highlight the danger they posed to the Christian community, and that they were later collected by the investigators, the case of Salomó Saporta has been studied and commented as a isolated case. For this reason, perhaps it is time to raise the need to study the coercive mechanisms against the peninsular Jewish community in a more general way. A modest first step may be the analysis of the persecution suffered by Salomó Saporta during the second half of the 1480s.

  14. Integrated production of merchantable wood and wood fuels in industry; Teollisuuden ainespuun ja puupolttoaineen integroitu tuotanto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuvaja, K. [Enso Oy, Imatra (Finland). Forest Dept.

    1997-12-01

    The aim of this project is the economically profitable integrated harvesting of industrial wood and firewood especially in harvesting of small-diameter first thinning wood. The research in 1994 was concentrated on improvement of the quality of the chipping methods based on chain-flail debarking chipping method, and on determination of the possible utilisation targets for the fuel fraction. A reasonably large drum debarking test was also carried out at the industrial scale debarking station of the Enocell Oy. More than 80 000 m{sup 3} of first thinning wood was delivered by Enocell during this project. The quality of wood chips, produced using the chain-flail delimbing method, could be improved in the case of pine nearly to the required quality level, but additional measures are still needed in the case of birch. The fuel fraction deliveries to different points of utilisation was started. The particle size of the fuel fraction appeared to be good after crushing. In 1995 a chain-flail-drum debarking chipping unit was developed to improve and homogenise the quality of chips. (orig.)

  15. De viñateros a comerciantes globalizados = From vineyard workers to globalized merchants

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lizaur, Marisol Pérez

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available En este trabajo mostramos la historia y la etnografía de una empresa familiar chilena de tamaño mediano, que ha podido competir exitosamente en un entorno globalizado que favorece la actividad económica de las grandes empresas transnacionales. Es también una etnografía diacrónica de una familia chilena descendiente de inmigrantes españoles que da cuenta de la importancia de los linajes y parentelas, así como de su integración con la actividad económica

  16. 17 CFR 1.15 - Risk assessment reporting requirements for futures commission merchants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION GENERAL REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Minimum Financial and... internal financial reporting process; (ii) Fiscal year-end annual consolidated and consolidating income... Person as part of its internal financial reporting process; and (iii) Upon receiving written notice from...

  17. Cross sectional study of low back pain among merchant seafarers at a medical centre in Singapore

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nair, Ravindran; Jensen, Olaf Chresten; Gómez Muñiz, Fernando

    2011-01-01

    the information. Results: Non officer seafarers, of the younger age group, who are overweight and smokes constitute the major part of these low back pain patients. The majority of them experience lumbalgia during long working hours on the deck and on engine room, after lifting heavy objects. Conclusion: The non...

  18. 10 CFR 1042.210 - Military and merchant marine educational institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    .... 1042.210 Section 1042.210 Energy DEPARTMENT OF ENERGY (GENERAL PROVISIONS) NONDISCRIMINATION ON THE BASIS OF SEX IN EDUCATION PROGRAMS OR ACTIVITIES RECEIVING FEDERAL FINANCIAL ASSISTANCE Coverage § 1042... an educational institution whose primary purpose is the training of individuals for a military...

  19. 17 CFR 403.6 - Compliance with part by futures commission merchants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... TREASURY REGULATIONS UNDER SECTION 15C OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934 PROTECTION OF CUSTOMER... with the provisions of this part with respect to all customer funds and securities except those that are incidental to the broker's or dealer's futures-related business, as defined in § 240.3a43-1(b) of...

  20. 78 FR 17917 - Medical Waivers for Merchant Mariner Credential Applicants With a History of Seizure Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-25

    ... on the Coast Guard's Web site at: http://www.uscg.mil/hq/cg5/nvic/2000s.asp#2008 . The Coast Guard... infection, such as encephalitis, meningitis, abscess, or cysticercosis; (d) Stroke; (e) Intracranial hemorrhage; (f) Post-operative brain surgery with significant brain hemorrhage; or (g) Brain tumor. (4) Under...

  1. Assessing Options for Contingent Contracting of Merchant Ships for Naval and Expeditionary Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    composed of the ancient years, the medieval years and the modern years. 2 Typical of many such cases is that of Fotis Lykiardopoulos, of the well known...the Falklands from UK. (requisitioned) Astronomer 6/8/82 _ Taken up from trade and converted to a make-shift aircraft carrier Atlantic

  2. Designing regulatory frameworks for merchant transmission investments by real options analysis

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pringles, Rolando; Olsina, Fernando; Garcés, Francisco

    2014-01-01

    In deregulated electricity markets, the transmission network is a key infrastructure for enabling competition in the generation sector. A deficient expansion of the transmission grid prevents the realization of the benefits in terms of efficiency associated with market mechanisms. Consequently, it is essential to provide clear investment policies and economic signals to attract timely and efficient transmission investments in order to develop the system at minimum cost meeting the requirements of generators and consumers, while keeping adequate levels of service quality and reliability. This paper proposes a modern tool of economic evaluation based on real options analysis that provides the regulator the ability to assess various incentives that would lead transmission investors to make efficient decisions in highly uncertain environments. Real options properly values partially irreversible investment decisions, such as to defer, modify or abandon an investment project in response to the arrival of new information or as uncertainties are resolved. Decisions are evaluated from the point of view of a transmission investor trying to maximize its own profits in the time period set to recover the capital invested. The results allow the study of the behavior of transmission investors regarding their decision making when they have the possibility to manage the option to defer, under different regulatory schemes that encourage the expansion of the transmission system. - Highlights: • Regulatory frameworks for efficient and timely transmission expansions are designed. • Irreversibility and uncertainty of transmission investment is properly accounted for. • Response of network investors to regulatory incentives is quantitatively established

  3. 77 FR 74630 - Medical Waivers for Merchant Mariner Credential Applicants With Anti-Tachycardia Devices or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... the comment, if submitted on behalf of an association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review a... 9, 2012. Because of the complexity and importance of the issues involved, we are reopening the...

  4. Overall comparative analysis of management and outcomes of cardiac cases reported on board merchant ships.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apostolatos, Charalampos; Andria, Vivian; Licari, Julie

    Telemedical assistance has always been the cornerstone of medical care on board. Significant technological progress has provided improved scientific tools and equipment for high-quality communication and prompt management of either minor incidents or major emergencies on board. Med Solutions International is a medical management company, offering services exclusively to the maritime industry. Registered vessels contact the medical team and healthcare professionals provide immediate guidelines for onboard management as well as necessary action thereafter, i.e. examination ashore or urgent medical evacuation. Since cardiac conditions or diseases are potentially the most dangerous when traveling at sea, it is of major importance to analyse and evaluate the overall management and outcomes of cases reporting symptoms of possible heart disease so as to improve telemedical assistance services in future. The study included cases reporting cardiac symptoms from 5 major shipping companies during the year 2016. Data was collected from telecommunication, emails and seafarers' final medical reports. A descriptive analysis of overall management and outcomes was performed. The study showed that the number of confirmed cardiovascular cases on board was very low. Among 551 total cases and 44 cases with reported cardiac symptoms there was only one heart attack, one pulmonary oedema and one suspected myocarditis. In the majority of cases, chest pain was musculoskeletal or due to respiratory infection. Symptoms resulting from issues such as stress or anxiety often present as potential cardiac conditions. Stress may also amplify the severity of symptoms. Language barriers between the seafarer, the master and the doctor often make communication very difficult. According to our findings there are grounds to intensify the prevention process through more efficient pre-employment medical examinations and improve management on board through more intensive training. Communication problems often complicate medical management on board. Effective communication and knowledge of patient's medical history and risk profile is very important to reviewing physician. Effective diagnosis depends on accurate and objective description of symptoms and clinical condition.

  5. Civil liability in sports for commission merchant in Iran’s Law

    OpenAIRE

    Sead Hesam Bostani; Ali Ranjbar,; Seyed Mohsen Rosta,; Sead Jamal Bostani; Zahra Zare

    2016-01-01

    Law as a comprehensive knowledge has applications in multiple aspects of people’s lives and sports isn’t excluded from this realm as well. Lots of legal entities and natural persons are involved in sports that each one of them has a function and as a result of this it is possible that some liabilities arise for them. Today, some individuals under the title of manager hold the responsibility of guiding and directing several athletic organizations that a sports club manager is among them. Notin...

  6. Merchant interconnector projects by generators in the EU: profitability and allocation of capacity

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    van Koten, Silvester

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 41, February (2012), s. 748-758 ISSN 0301-4215 R&D Projects: GA MŠk LC542 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70850503 Keywords : regulation * cross-border electricity transmission * vertical integration Subject RIV: AH - Economics Impact factor: 2.743, year: 2012

  7. Video Games and the First Amendment: "Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwinn, Steven D.

    2011-01-01

    Video games today give players an unprecedented opportunity to become part of the game. They literally put players in the game. And with rapid technological improvements and endless creativity, games are only becoming more realistic. They are also becoming more violent. Today's games allow players to kill, maim, dismember, and torture victims by…

  8. Simulation and evaluation of GM and non-GM segregation management strategies among European grain merchants

    OpenAIRE

    Coléno, François,

    2008-01-01

    International audience; Considering the European regulations, a product need to be labelled as containing GM when the adventitious presence of GM material exceed 0.9%. During collection, crops from many fields are combined to fill a silo. Three management strategies to avoid the risk of mixing GM and non-GM crops were identified by a descriptive work based on cases studies in various region of France: defining GM and non-GM silos and production zones; specifying the timing of GM and non-GM cr...

  9. 77 FR 55174 - Medical Waivers for Merchant Mariner Credential Applicants With Anti-Tachycardia Devices or...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-07

    ... Management Facility (M-30), U.S. Department of Transportation, West Building Ground Floor, Room W12-140, 1200... of Transportation West Building, 1200 New Jersey Avenue SE., Washington, DC 20590, between 9 a.m. and... syndrome, Long QT syndrome, etc.)? (2) Does the mariner have a prior history of ventricular fibrillation or...

  10. 75 FR 52300 - Merchant Marine Act and Magnuson-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Provisions...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-25

    ...-Stevens Fishery Conservation and Management Act Provisions; Fishing Vessel, Fishing Facility and... the Fisheries Finance Program's programmatic regulations. The proposed rule was published with an...

  11. Addressing the supply security of the nuclear fuel cycle: a US merchant generator risk acceptance perspective

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jordan, R. P.; Benavides, P.A.

    2006-01-01

    With the current rising markets across the nuclear fuel supply spectrum, understanding and managing nuclear fuel cycle supply security risk becomes an increasingly important consideration. In addressing this area, Constellation Energy is implementing an integrated multifaceted approach as consistent with a comprehensive risk profile covering the nuclear fuel supply industry. This approach is founded on use of a utility traditional procurement strategy, as dependent on the qualitative parameters of supply origination diversification, geopolitical stability, contracting duration and individual supplier financial bases. However, Constellation also adds an additional consideration into development of this nuclear fuel supply risk profile. To do such, qualitative assessments covering specific supplier risks, as based on the parameters of supplier management and organizational structure, design capacities (applicable to fabrication and enrichment only), operational history as applicable to forward-looking performance, regulatory or legal history and financial performance are also considered. Constellation overlays the risks of future availabilities, catastrophic occurrences and prices for each nuclear fuel material and service component onto a quantitative set of results. The overall focus of these assessments is the creation of a risk management perspective directed towards determining the potential loss or delay of nuclear fuel supply for our operating reactors. The conclusion of this effort is an integrated assessment of the nuclear fuel supply security as applicable to the Constellation-specific structured risk profile. Use of this assessment allows Constellation to target appropriate suppliers of interest in the marketplace and form the fundamental bases for the Constellation procurement strategy while managing risks associated with nuclear fuel cycle supply security. (authors)

  12. 17 CFR 1.17 - Minimum financial requirements for futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of changes to election. (A) No election to use the alternative market risk and credit risk deductions... will use to calculate its deductions for market risk and credit risk, and also, if calculated... market risk and credit risk deductions, and an overview of the integration of the models into the...

  13. Kontribusi Pelatihan dalam Mendukung Kinerja Sales Representative Merchant (Srm) di Perbankan

    OpenAIRE

    Fathmawati, Nur Aini

    2014-01-01

    Training activity is the main important activity for improving human resources competences inany organization, including in banking industry. Training enables company in reducing gap ofthe companys requirements and human resources qualification. In order achieving trainingeffectiveness, training should be design fit in with organization need analysis, and mentionmany factors related with training activity such as the contents of Training Materials, TrainingFacilities, Trainers and Training me...

  14. The Work of US Public Health Service Officers in Puerto Rico, 1898-1919.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rigau-Pérez, Jose G

    2017-09-01

    The history of the US Public Health Service (PHS) is usually presented in terms of diseases or discoveries; this article examines twenty years' activity in one location. When the United States invaded Puerto Rico in 1898, the Marine Hospital Service (now PHS) took responsibility for foreign quarantine, inspection of immigrants, and medical care for merchant seamen. Its officers evaluated the sanitary conditions of port cities, helped reorganize local disease surveillance and control, and investigated endemic diseases (e.g., hookworm-related anemia) and epidemics (e.g., bubonic plague). After World War I and pandemic influenza, and the greater self-government allowed Puerto Rico by Congress in 1917, PHS officers withdrew from routine local sanitary actions. A narrow geographic focus (Puerto Rico), to examine PHS activity over time (1898 to 1919) provides a richer picture of the agency's impact, and reveals how the sum of disease control activities affected the development of an area's health status and institutions. The duties and, importantly, the personal initiatives of PHS officers in Puerto Rico, such as WW King, produced lasting impact on scientific institutions and administrative, professional, and health care practices.

  15. THWARTING THE "MERCHANTS OF DEATH" ACCUSATION: THE POLITICAL ECONOMY OF MILITARY PROCUREMENT IN INDUSTRIAL DEMOCRACIES DURING THE INTERWAR PERIOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jari Eloranta

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article charts the interwar military procurement practices of several democratic states, concentrating on the United States, the United Kingdom, Sweden, and Finland. In addition to comparing some of the foundations of the Allies' successful industrial mobilization in World War II, this article concludes that interwar procurement practices in some of the most liberal democracies were surprisingly resistant to capture by business interests. This finding suggests that in describing this era, we should be cautious about ascribing causal power to trans-historical economic behaviors such as rent-seeking and collusion, without taking into account the institutional setting in which such activities took place. The record of the interwar period suggests that democracies can use bureaucratic administration and public enterprise to establish robust barriers to rent-seeking and corruption in the military economy. During the interwar period, these administrative barriers were erected in conjunction with intense public concern about military profiteering. Whether they would be less effective in different ideological environments deserves further investigation.

  16. 17 CFR 17.00 - Information to be furnished by futures commission merchants, clearing members and foreign brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 7 S Strike Price. 51 1 AN Exercise Style. 52 7 N Long—Buy—Stopped. 59 7 N Short—Sell—Issued. 66 5 AN... notices issued and stopped, and exchanges of futures for a commodity or for a derivatives position bought...) Reporting firm. The clearing member number assigned by an exchange or clearing house to identify reporting...

  17. Integrated production of merchantable wood and wood fuels in industry; Teollisuuden ainespuun ja puupoltto-aineen integroitu tuotanto

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kuvaja, K. [Enso-Gutzeit Oy, Imatra (Finland). Forest Dept.

    1996-12-31

    The aim of this project is the economically profitable integrated harvesting of industrial wood and firewood especially in harvesting of small-diameter first thinning wood. The research in 1994 was concentrated on improvement of the quality of the chipping methods based on chain-flail debarking chipping method, and on determination of the possible utilization targets for the fuel fraction. A reasonably large drum debarking test was also carried out at the industrial scale debarking station of the Enocell Oy. More than 80 000 m{sup 3} of first thinning wood was delivered by Enocell during this project. The quality of wood chips, produced using the chain-flail delimbing method, could be improved in the case of pine nearly to the required quality level, but additional measures are still needed in the case of birch. The fuel fraction deliveries to different points of utilization was started. The particle size of the fuel fraction appeared to be good after crushing. In 1995 a chain-flail-dry drum debarking chipping unit was developed to improve and homogenize the quality of chips

  18. 46 CFR 251.1 - Applications for construction-differential subsidy under Title V, Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    .... However the Board will permit modifications such as changes to reefer cargo capacity, deep tankage, and... contract will be allowed only when the net effect of the change will with reasonable certainty (a) comply... deep tanks, etc. This upper limit shall be adjusted downward to take into account features including...

  19. 26 CFR 2.1 - Statutory provisions; sections 511 and 905, Merchant Marine Act, 1936, and related statutes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., reconstruction, reconditioning, or acquisition of vessels, or for other purposes authorized in this section... fisheries or owns in whole or in part a vessel or vessels being so operated, or who, at the time of purchase... vessel or vessels for the purpose of operation in such commerce or in the fisheries, may establish a...

  20. The Merchant and the Message: Hard Conditions, Soft Power and Empty Vessels as Regards Gender in EU External Relations

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vleuten, J.M. van der

    2017-01-01

    The EU claims to be a normative power which in its external relations acts as a teacher on gender issues. However, in spite of its commitments it does not yet systematically practice what it preaches. Also, the EU does not define but transfers the ‘normal’ as regards gender equality, based on

  1. The formation of a social Hispanic Atlantic space and the integration of merchant communities following the Treaties of Utrecht

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Crespo Solana, Ana

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Current research into Spanish commercial expansion in the Americas has recently turned to a new consideration of space as a historical category. In fact, when the interconnecting processes are analysed, one of the most striking phenomena is the actual “production of the space” in which a wide variety of exchanges took place. This production/creation of space becomes obvious in Spanish colonial commerce. This article discusses the theoretical framework for this spatial perspective, and analyses the impact that this construction of space on the organization of routes and on network formation, as well as its evolution within the institutional context following the Treaties of Utrecht.La formación del espacio social hispano-atlántico y la integración de las comunidades mercantiles después de los tratados de Utrecht.- Los estudios sobre la expansión comercial española en América han virado recientemente hacia una importante reconsideración del espacio como categoría histórica. De hecho, uno de los fenómenos más interesantes de analizar en los procesos de interconexión global es la “producción de espacio” en el que se producen los intercambios de todo tipo. Esta producción de espacio es evidente en el caso del comercio colonial español. En este artículo se explicará el marco teórico de esta perspectiva espacial y se analizará el impacto de esta construcción de espacio en la organización de las rutas y en la formación de redes así como su evolución en el marco institucional después de los tratados de Utrecht.

  2. 31 CFR 103.17 - Reports by futures commission merchants and introducing brokers in commodities of suspicious...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Finance: Treasury Regulations Relating to Money and Finance FINANCIAL RECORDKEEPING AND REPORTING OF... regulation but whose reporting is not required by this section. Filing a report of a suspicious transaction... any transaction reporting requirement under federal law or regulation; (ii) Is designed, whether...

  3. Merchants of Doubt: How a Handful of Scientists Obscured the Truth on Issues from Tobacco Smoke to Global Warming

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Oreskes, Naomi; Conway, Erik M.; Treiner, Jacques

    2012-01-01

    The U.S. scientific community has long led the world in research on public health, environmental science, and other issues affecting the quality of life. US scientists have produced landmark studies on the dangers of DDT, tobacco smoke, acid rain, and global warming. But at the same time, a small yet potent subset of this community leads the world in vehement denial of these dangers. In this book, the historian authors explain how a loose-knit group of high-level scientists, with extensive political connections, ran effective campaigns to mislead the public and deny well-established scientific knowledge over four decades. In seven compelling chapters addressing tobacco, acid rain, the ozone hole, global warming, and DDT, they roll back the rug on this dark corner of the American scientific community, showing how the ideology of free market fundamentalism, aided by a too-compliant media, has skewed public understanding of some of the most pressing issues of our era

  4. 17 CFR 1.55 - Distribution of “Risk Disclosure Statement” by futures commission merchants and introducing brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... exchange or the laws of the foreign country. Moreover, such laws or regulations will vary depending on the... broker from any other disclosure obligation it may have under applicable law. (h) Notwithstanding any.... Ireland: Financial futures and options on financial futures traded by members of futures exchanges on...

  5. Impact of the Future Merchant Fleet on Coast Guard Operating and Support Programs Over the Next 25 Years.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-04-01

    ISO Golo 4f0 0 0 s4nf~-h~SS5 O2 Ŕ’S Ca....Sf--’c.,Cs~.a’s M Q Q’ r d . ’ NS 5 -a-4sSS h 9S rx ki u ’a- -. u. -.4S CA~ "- ’h SN s-1 13 - -5S 7 7 S...TANKER OISTANCES NEOBULK DISTANJCES 1 9000 13500 a 6500 9000 4 3500 5000 -7.-9.g-i 7000 80m 10 9000 12000 U 1 19000 27000 13 Atl. 9000 12000 13 Gulf 11500

  6. 33 CFR 27.3 - Penalty Adjustment Table.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Quality Assurance Records (first offense) 4,000 14 U.S.C. 645(i) Confidentiality of Medical Quality.... 10508(b) Coastwise Voyages: Seamen Protection; General 7,000 46 U.S.C. 10711 Effects of Deceased Seamen....S.C. 11105(c) Wages on Discharge 800 46 U.S.C. 11303(a) Log Books; Master Failing to Maintain 300 46...

  7. 46 CFR 308.300 - Insured amount-application.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.300 Insured amount—application. An applicant for Second Seamen's war risk insurance shall not state the amount of insurance desired, which shall be as provided in...

  8. 46 CFR 308.303 - Amounts insured under interim binder.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 308.303 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.303 Amounts insured under interim binder. The amounts insured are the amounts specified in the Second Seamen's War Risk Policy (1955) or as modified by shipping...

  9. Merchant-Kings and Lords of the World: Diplomatic Gift-Exchange between the Dutch East India Company and the Safavid and Mughal Empires in the Seventeenth Century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Birkenholz, Frank; Sowerby, Tracey A.; Hennings, Jan

    2017-01-01

    In 1652 the VOC ambassador Joan Cunaeus presented the Safavid Shah Abbas II with a set of diplomatic gifts including goods of Asian and European origin during an audience ceremony in the Ali Qapu palace in Isfahan. A decade later, VOC director Dircq van Adrichem offered the Mughal emperor Aurangzeb

  10. The law at The State-Of-The- Art: Antigone, the Merchant of Venice and the Trial at the Reconstitution of Forensic Historiography

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arthur Magalhães Costa

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available It is known that Art has accompanied the human being in its path, having appeared as its soul expression since the beginnings of humankind until the most recent times. Hence the Law, a formatted construct from the regulation of socialization, it is possible to realize from literature a good opportunity to analyze the specificities which have marked the Legal System through times. The present paper will verse towards the capturing of the justice ideal, contrasting with the very own characteristics and complexities of Classic Natural Law from Sophocles, Renaissance Law from Shakespeare and Contemporary Law from the lines of Kafka.

  11. Violent Video Games and the Supreme Court: Lessons for the Scientific Community in the Wake of Brown v. Entertainment Merchants Association

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferguson, Christopher J.

    2013-01-01

    In June 2011 the U.S. Supreme Court ruled that video games enjoy full free speech protections and that the regulation of violent game sales to minors is unconstitutional. The Supreme Court also referred to psychological research on violent video games as "unpersuasive" and noted that such research contains many methodological flaws.…

  12. 17 CFR 1.68 - Customer election not to have funds, carried by a futures commission merchant for trading on a...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... customer if: (1) The customer is an eligible contract participant as defined in section 1a(12) of the Act... customer: (i) Represents and warrants that the customer is an eligible contract participant as defined in... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Customer election not to have...

  13. Muslim merchants and working-class in action : nationalism, social mobilization and boycott movement in the Ottoman Empire 1908-1914

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Çetinkaya, Doğan Y.

    2010-01-01

    The boycott as an economic weapon appeared in the Ottoman Empire after the 1908 Revolution. The revolution paved the way for a chaotic social and political atmosphere in which the order of things changed drastically. This study will trace how the politics of the new era and the Boycott Movement

  14. Muslim merchants and working-class in action: nationalism, social mobilization and boycott movement in the Ottoman Empire 1908-1914

    OpenAIRE

    Çetinkaya, Doğan, Y.

    2010-01-01

    The boycott as an economic weapon appeared in the Ottoman Empire after the 1908 Revolution. The revolution paved the way for a chaotic social and political atmosphere in which the order of things changed drastically. This study will trace how the politics of the new era and the Boycott Movement influenced each other. Two weapons—the boycott and the public meetings—would be the most typical tools in the repertoire of the early Muslim/Turkish nationalism. This work will depict how these two cru...

  15. 46 CFR 308.305 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false 308.305 Section 308.305 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.305 ...

  16. 46 CFR 308.301 - [Reserved

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false 308.301 Section 308.301 Shipping MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION EMERGENCY OPERATIONS WAR RISK INSURANCE Second Seamen's War Risk Insurance § 308.301 ...

  17. 26 CFR 31.3306(b)-1 - Wages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Unemployment Tax Act (Chapter 23, Internal Revenue Code of 1954) § 31.3306(b)-1 Wages. (a) Applicable law and... restaurant or hotel employees, or to seamen or other employees aboard vessels, since generally these items...

  18. 77 FR 59768 - Shipping and Transportation; Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... materials transportation, Marine safety, Petroleum, Seamen. 46 CFR Part 107 Marine safety, Oil and gas... materials transportation, Marine safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Water pollution control... requirements. 46 CFR Part 162 Fire prevention, Marine safety, Oil pollution, Reporting and recordkeeping...

  19. 78 FR 60137 - Shipping and Transportation; Technical, Organizational, and Conforming Amendments

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-30

    ..., Petroleum, Seamen. 46 CFR Part 107 Marine safety, Oil and gas exploration, Reporting and recordkeeping..., Hazardous materials transportation, Marine safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Water pollution... transportation, Marine safety, Reporting and recordkeeping requirements, Water pollution control. 46 CFR Part 154...

  20. 77 FR 20127 - Swap Dealer and Major Swap Participant Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Duties Rules; Futures...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-03

    ... Commission Merchant and Introducing Broker Conflicts of Interest Rules; and Chief Compliance Officer Rules... Recordkeeping, Reporting, and Duties Rules; Futures Commission Merchant and Introducing Broker Conflicts of... of trading to prevent violations of applicable position limits; diligent supervision; business...

  1. Pre-1947 Marine Monthly Observations

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Observations taken on board U.S. Navy and merchant marine vessels and submitted to the U.S. Weather Bureau. Merchant ships are of many nationalities, and mainly...

  2. 75 FR 62858 - United States, et al.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-13

    ... from the amount it pays the merchant for each transaction, meaning the merchant receives less than the... discourages the use of a [MasterCard] Card in favor of any other acceptance brand.'' MasterCard Rule 5.11.1 (May 12, 2010). This means that merchants cannot offer a discount, or any other benefit, to persuade...

  3. Noise and sleep on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sunde, Erlend; Bratveit, Magne; Pallesen, Stale; Moen, Bente Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    Previous research indicates that exposure to noise during sleep can cause sleep disturbance. Seamen on board vessels are frequently exposed to noise also during sleep periods, and studies have reported sleep disturbance in this occupational group. However, studies of noise and sleep in maritime settings are few. This study's aim was to examine the associations between noise exposure during sleep, and sleep variables derived from actigraphy among seamen on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy (RNoN). Data were collected on board 21 RNoN vessels, where navy seamen participated by wearing an actiwatch (actigraph), and by completing a questionnaire comprising information on gender, age, coffee drinking, nicotine use, use of medication, and workload. Noise dose meters were used to assess noise exposure inside the seamen's cabin during sleep. Eighty-three sleep periods from 68 seamen were included in the statistical analysis. Linear mixed-effects models were used to examine the association between noise exposure and the sleep variables percentage mobility during sleep and sleep efficiency, respectively. Noise exposure variables, coffee drinking status, nicotine use status, and sleeping hours explained 24.9% of the total variance in percentage mobility during sleep, and noise exposure variables explained 12.0% of the total variance in sleep efficiency. Equivalent noise level and number of noise events per hour were both associated with increased percentage mobility during sleep, and the number of noise events was associated with decreased sleep efficiency.

  4. The Forgotten George Peabody (1795-1869), A Handbook A-Z of the Massachusetts-Born Merchant, London-Based Banker, & Philanthropist: His Life, Influence, and Related People, Places, Events, & Institutions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This volume provides an extensive and detailed inter-linking account of George Peabody's life. Annotated topic headings, which include people, places, events and institutions, are organized alphabetically and comprise the bulk of the document. Each entry describes the salient points of contact between George Peabody and the given topic, as well as…

  5. Mechanical strength parameters on polyester fabrics. Treatment applied in support of large canvas painting: "the expulsion of the merchants from the temple" by artist Saverio Lillo. (1734-1796)

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Rey, Susana; Romana Melodia, Francesca

    2010-01-01

    The twentieth century significantly facilitated the involvement analysis of the works from a more complex view, with the development of industry and science. Interdisciplinary studies became inextricably linked to the growing field of conservation and restoration understanding the conservative properties of the materials applied on paintings conservation. Since then when the conservators began to consider the application of synthetic fibers on support reinforcement on canvas paintings. Pictor...

  6. Endangered Species. Management Improvements Could Enhance Recovery Program. Report to the Chairman, Subcommittee on Fisheries and Wildlife Conservation and the Environment, Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries, House of Representatives.

    Science.gov (United States)

    General Accounting Office, Washington, DC. Resources, Community, and Economic Development Div.

    Extinction of animal and plant species has become a serious problem that threatens to become more acute in coming years. The endangered species program was established to prevent further extinctions and ultimately recover species designated as threatened or endangered through the development and implementation of species recovery plans. Concerned…

  7. Numeracy and literacy in Early Modern Europe

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Bo; Van Lottum, Jelle

    This paper reconstructs comparative levels of numeracy and literacy for seamen of different ranks from 14 countries in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries using age heaping and signature methods. Results show how skill was rewarded in the maritime labour market, where captains and fishing sk...

  8. 46 CFR 11.502 - Additional requirements for engineer endorsements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Additional requirements for engineer endorsements. 11... SEAMEN REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS Professional Requirements for Engineer Officer § 11.502 Additional requirements for engineer endorsements. (a) For all original and raise of grade of engineer...

  9. 26 CFR 31.3121(a)-1 - Wages.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Contributions Act (Chapter 21, Internal Revenue Code of 1954) General Provisions § 31.3121(a)-1 Wages. (a)(1... specifically limited by the Railroad Retirement Tax Act (chapter 22 of the Internal Revenue Code) or regulation... example, to restaurant or hotel employees, or to seamen or other employees aboard vessels, since generally...

  10. 46 CFR 12.02-11 - General provisions respecting rating endorsements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false General provisions respecting rating endorsements. 12.02... AND SEAMEN REQUIREMENTS FOR RATING ENDORSEMENTS General Requirements for Certification § 12.02-11 General provisions respecting rating endorsements. (a)(1) An MMC with a deck officer endorsement will...

  11. 29 CFR 783.12 - “Commerce”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Some Basic Definitions § 783.12 “Commerce”. “Commerce” as used in the Act includes interstate and foreign commerce. It is defined in section 3(b) of the Act to mean “trade, commerce...

  12. 29 CFR 783.9 - “Enterprise”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Some Basic Definitions § 783.9 “Enterprise”. The term “enterprise” which may, in some..., is defined in section 3(r) of the Act. Section 3(r) states: Enterprise means the related activities... through leasing arrangements, but shall not include the related activities performed for such enterprise...

  13. 29 CFR 783.8 - “Person”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Some Basic Definitions § 783.8 “Person”. As used in the Act (including definition of “enterprise” set forth below in § 783.9), “person” is defined as meaning “an individual, partnership...

  14. 29 CFR 783.7 - “Employer”, “employee”, and “employ”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... STANDARDS ACT TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Some Basic Definitions § 783.7 “Employer”, “employee”, and... employment of oppressive child labor. The Act provides its own definitions of “employer”, “employee”, and... of a particular employee. It should also be noted that “employer”, “enterprise”, and “establishment...

  15. 46 CFR 11.309 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... first aid, nor a person with at least 3 years of service as a member of the Armed Forces of the United... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved... OFFICERS AND SEAMEN REQUIREMENTS FOR OFFICER ENDORSEMENTS Training Schools with Approved Courses § 11.309...

  16. 46 CFR 12.03-1 - Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved courses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... field of non-maritime education, such as mathematics or first aid, nor a person with at least 3 years of... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Coast Guard-accepted training other than approved... OFFICERS AND SEAMEN REQUIREMENTS FOR RATING ENDORSEMENTS Approved and Accepted Training § 12.03-1 Coast...

  17. Uncontrolled transport of nuclear materials

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wassermann, U.

    1985-01-01

    An account is given of international transport of plutonium, uranium oxides, uranium hexafluoride, enriched uranium and irradiated fuel for reprocessing. Referring to the sinking of the 'Mont Louis', it is stated that the International Maritime Organization has been asked by the National Union of Seamen and 'Greenpeace' to bar shipment of radioactive material until stricter international safety regulations are introduced. (U.K.)

  18. 29 CFR 783.15 - “State”.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Some Basic Definitions § 783.15 “State”. As used in the Act, “State” means “any State of the United States or the District of Columbia or any Territory or possession of the United States...

  19. Noise and sleep on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erlend Sunde

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Previous research indicates that exposure to noise during sleep can cause sleep disturbance. Seamen on board vessels are frequently exposed to noise also during sleep periods, and studies have reported sleep disturbance in this occupational group. However, studies of noise and sleep in maritime settings are few. This study′s aim was to examine the associations between noise exposure during sleep, and sleep variables derived from actigraphy among seamen on board vessels in the Royal Norwegian Navy (RNoN. Data were collected on board 21 RNoN vessels, where navy seamen participated by wearing an actiwatch (actigraph, and by completing a questionnaire comprising information on gender, age, coffee drinking, nicotine use, use of medication, and workload. Noise dose meters were used to assess noise exposure inside the seamen′s cabin during sleep. Eighty-three sleep periods from 68 seamen were included in the statistical analysis. Linear mixed-effects models were used to examine the association between noise exposure and the sleep variables percentage mobility during sleep and sleep efficiency, respectively. Noise exposure variables, coffee drinking status, nicotine use status, and sleeping hours explained 24.9% of the total variance in percentage mobility during sleep, and noise exposure variables explained 12.0% of the total variance in sleep efficiency. Equivalent noise level and number of noise events per hour were both associated with increased percentage mobility during sleep, and the number of noise events was associated with decreased sleep efficiency.

  20. 29 CFR 783.4 - Basic support for interpretations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false Basic support for interpretations. 783.4 Section 783.4... STANDARDS ACT TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Introductory § 783.4 Basic support for interpretations. The...; Kirschbaum v. Walling, 316 U.S. 517). Court decisions supporting interpretations contained in this part are...

  1. The maritime law of the Baltic Sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jahnke, Carsten

    2017-01-01

    Before the end of the 13th century, the Baltic seamen created a law system codi ed in Bjarkey and Söderköping and then Schleswig laws. The increasing Germanic domination of Baltic navigation resulted in the creation of speci c maritime laws for Lübeck and Hamburg before the introduction of the Laws...

  2. 29 CFR 783.28 - General legislative history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 29 Labor 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false General legislative history. 783.28 Section 783.28 Labor... TO EMPLOYEES EMPLOYED AS SEAMEN Legislative History and Judicial Construction of the Exemptions § 783.28 General legislative history. As originally enacted in 1938, section 13(a)(3) of the Fair Labor...

  3. [Maritime medical service as a means to preserve health in water transport workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sidorov, P I; Kazakevich, E V; Bagretsova, A A

    2007-01-01

    The authors justify new views of maritime medical service as a science of work ecology for individuals engaged into high risk occupations. The article describes unfavorable factors experienced by seamen during long voyages, presents analysis of maritime medicine state in Russia and outlines prospects for development of such medical branch.

  4. 75 FR 20032 - Information Collection Available for Public Comments and Recommendations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-16

    ... association, business, labor union, etc.). You may review DOT's complete Privacy Act Statement in the Federal... Collection: Information to Determine Seamen's Reemployment Rights--National Emergency. Type of Request... Maritime Security Act of 1996. These provisions grant re-employment rights and other benefits to certain...

  5. A National Study of Online Learning Leaders in US Higher Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fredericksen, Eric E.

    2017-01-01

    Online learning in US higher education continues to grow dramatically. The most recent estimates indicate that about 30% of all students enroll in at least one online course (Allen & Seamen, 2016). As this important type of academic offering has become increasingly important to institutions of higher education, Presidents and Provosts have…

  6. 'n Marksegmenterings- en behoeftebepalingsmodel vir die Aksepbankwese in die Republiek van Suid-Afrika

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    M.Com. (Marketing Management) Companies in the industrial sector, where merchant banks generate 80% of their returns, are the best source of business for these banks. Because merchant banks' markets are largely restricted to the industrial sector, market segmentation of the industrial market and the concomitant assessment of the needs of the market are vitally important. The aim of this study was to develop a workable model for merchant banks, on the basis of which they may segment their m...

  7. Homomorphic Payment Addresses and the Pay-to-Contract Protocol

    OpenAIRE

    Gerhardt, Ilja; Hanke, Timo

    2012-01-01

    We propose an electronic payment protocol for typical customer-merchant relations which does not require a trusted (signed) payment descriptor to be sent from the merchant to the customer. Instead, the destination "account" number for the payment is solely created on the customer side. This eliminates the need for any encrypted or authenticated communication in the protocol and is secure even if the merchant's online infrastructure is compromised. Moreover, the payment transaction itself serv...

  8. 5 CFR 532.313 - Private sector industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ..., and 5173 to automotive mechanic, diesel engine mechanic, and heavy mobile equipment mechanic. (c) For... wholesalers. 42382 Farm and garden machinery and equipment merchant wholesalers. 4413 Automotive parts...

  9. The chopped firewood trade in Finland

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Seppaenen, A.; Kaerhae, K.

    2003-01-01

    The TTS Institute studied the operations of chopped firewood merchants and described the cost structure of commercial chopped firewood production. The research material was collected via postal questionnaire in 2002 after being sent to those firewood merchants assumed to be selling chopped firewood. Acceptable responses were received from 244 firewood merchants. In addition, ten firewood merchants were interviewed. In 2001, the firewood merchants sold an average of 151 m 3 of chopped firewood. Half of the firewood merchants sold less than 51 m 3 of chopped firewood. The main source of income for the majority of chopped firewood merchants was agriculture and forestry. If approximately 300,000 m 3 of chopped firewood is sold annually, according to the research there are about 2,000 chopped firewood merchants in Finland. However, only a very few entrepreneurs get their main income from the chopped firewood trade. The majority of raw material for chopped firewood came from the merchant's own forest. Birch was the most commonly used species. 54% of the chopped firewood was made from pulpwood, 19% from pole size trees and 18% from split firewood. The drying methods for chopped firewood were most often natural drying outside in covered stocks or cages, natural drying in stacks or natural drying of mechanically debarked or debarked timber in stacks. Less than a tenth of the merchants dried their chopped, firewood using artificial cold air-drying. The share of packaged chopped firewood was 14% i.e. approximately 42,000 m 3 . Chopped firewood was packed mostly into small packages (about 10 kg). The chopped firewood trade is a local business: the average transport distance from the merchant's store to the customer was 25 km. The chopped firewood merchants delivered 73% of lie chopped firewood themselves. An agricultural tractor and a trailer were the most common transport method. The most important customer group is detached houses. The average production costs amongst the

  10. Volume and Implicit Taper Functions For Cupressus Lusitanica and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Implicit taper functions derived from the exponential form merchantable volume models were found superior to taper functions obtained from the non exponential merchantable volume models. In general, these models are essential management tools for the plantation of the species and in particular provide stock volume ...

  11. β + 2 β HD + ε (1) β β

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Choice-Academy

    the non exponential merchantable volume models. In general, these models are essential management tools for the plantation of the species and in particular provide stock volume estimates by end use type. Key words: C. lusitanica, Merchantable volume models, Taper functions, Total tree volume models, P. patula.

  12. 17 CFR 1.18 - Records for and relating to financial reporting and monthly computation by futures commission...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... financial reporting and monthly computation by futures commission merchants and introducing brokers. 1.18... UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Minimum Financial and Related Reporting Requirements § 1.18 Records for and relating to financial reporting and monthly computation by futures commission merchants and...

  13. Untitled

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    generalization, PhD Thesis, Rice University, Houston, Texas. Merchant G A 1988 Recursive construction of polynomial with prescribed phase on unit circle. IEEE. Trans. Acoust., Speech Signal Process. ASSP-36: 1531-1533. Merchant GA, Parks T W 1982 Efficient solution of a Toeplitz-plus-Hankel coefficient matrix system.

  14. Mobile Machine for E-payment Scheme

    OpenAIRE

    Sattar J Aboud

    2010-01-01

    In this article e-payment scheme by mobile machine is considered. The requirements for a mobile machine in e-payment are presented, particularly when merchant employing accounts for payments and when using advertising. In the proposed scheme we will use the public key infrastructure and certificate for authenticate purchaser and merchant and to secure the communication between them.

  15. Optimal Speed Control for Cruising

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blanke, M.

    1994-01-01

    With small profit margins in merchant shipping and more than eighty percent of sailing time being cross ocean voyages, speed control is crucial for vessel profitability......With small profit margins in merchant shipping and more than eighty percent of sailing time being cross ocean voyages, speed control is crucial for vessel profitability...

  16. The Portuguese Language on the Gold Coast, 1471-1807

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    mary

    writers attest that it had a very strong local flavour, is presumably why some linguists have referred to it as a pidgin. ... agreement between non-Portuguese Europeans and the local merchants, by which the local African merchants with ..... Following this and separated by a double semi-colon ;; are citations from currently ...

  17. 77 FR 35701 - Collection of Information Under Review by Office of Management and Budget

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-14

    ... address, an email address, or other contact information in the body of your document so that we can.... flagged merchant vessels for merchant mariners to upgrade their credentials, establish proof of... mandatory requirements for the credential or medical certificate sought; proof of applicant passing all...

  18. Anonymous Fingerprinting with Robust QIM Watermarking Techniques

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Prins, J.P.; Erkin, Z.; Lagendijk, R.L.

    2007-01-01

    Fingerprinting is an essential tool to shun legal buyers of digital content from illegal redistribution. In fingerprinting schemes, the merchant embeds the buyer's identity as a watermark into the content so that the merchant can retrieve the buyer's identity when he encounters a redistributed copy.

  19. 46 CFR 310.51 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... States Merchant Marine Academy. (b) Act means the Maritime Education and Training Act of 1980, Pub. L. 96... ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRAINING MERCHANT MARINE TRAINING Admission and Training of... Maritime Administration. (e) Citizen means an individual who, by birth or naturalization, owes national...

  20. When an outsider becomes an insider: A social-scientific and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    When an outsider becomes an insider: A social-scientific and realistic reading of the Merchant (Mt 13:45–46). Ernest van Eck. Abstract. This article presents a social-scientific and realistic reading of the parable of the Merchant, also known as the parable of the Pearl. The parable is interpreted against the backdrop of two ...

  1. 17 CFR 1.4 - Use of electronic signatures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Definitions § 1.4 Use of electronic signatures. For purposes of... that requires a document to be signed by a customer of a futures commission merchant or introducing... by the customer, participant or client will be sufficient, if the futures commission merchant...

  2. 76 FR 4744 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1099-K

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-26

    ... Internal Revenue Service Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1099-K AGENCY: Internal Revenue...(c)(2)(A)). Currently, the IRS is soliciting comments concerning Form ] 1099-K, Merchant Card and...: Merchant Card and Third Party Payments. OMB Number: 1545-XXXX. Form Number: Form 1099-K. Abstract: This is...

  3. 71 Portrayal of Corruption as Narrative Technique in The Beautyful ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    User

    those who have seen 'the way' [cutting corners and eating the fruits of fraud]. – to survive. ... firm and unbending, refuse to join in the corrupt practices. ... The Man refuses to take bribe from Amankwa, the timber merchant, despite the pressures from the merchant himself. The Man also refuses to be influenced by the wife's.

  4. Kraft pulp from budworm-infested jack pine

    Science.gov (United States)

    J. Y. Zhu; Gary C. Myers

    2006-01-01

    This study evaluated the quality of kraft pulp from bud-worm-infested jack pine. The logs were classified as merchantable live, suspect, or merchantable dead. Raw materials were evaluated through visual inspection, analysis of the chemical composition, SilviScan measurement of the density, and measurement of the tracheid length. Unbleached pulps were then refined using...

  5. 17 CFR 240.15c3-1 - Net capital requirements for brokers or dealers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... derivatives dealer shall maintain net capital pursuant to paragraph (a)(5) of this section. Each broker or.... Futures Commission Merchants (iii) No broker or dealer registered as a futures commission merchant shall... Exchange Act and the regulations thereunder (less the market value of commodity options purchased by option...

  6. 77 FR 28255 - Safety Zone; Upper Mississippi River, Mile 183.0 to 183.5

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-14

    ... down bound crane barge striking the Merchants Bridge resulted in structural damage to the bridge... vicinity of the Merchants Bridge and extending the entire width of the river. This safety zone is needed to protect repair workers and vessels transiting the area on the Upper Mississippi River to complete bridge...

  7. Colour blindness-A rural prevalence survey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natu Maya

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Colour vision is important for aeroplane pilots, motor drivers, seamen and signal men for their professional work Not much of attention has been paid to population studies of colour blindness as there is no interference with daily routine in majority of persons However there is a need to undertake community wide prevalence surveys which could be useful in study of other genetically transmitted diseases

  8. Teorías económicas de los mercaderes ingleses de la Restauración: destrucción, reconstrucción y análisis de su legado textual = English Restoration merchants' economic theories: deconstructing, reconstructing and analyzing their textual legacy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Lanero Fernández

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available En el pensamiento económico, lo mismo que sucede en los logros científicos, nadie es un ser aislado e independiente. De ahí que la inmensa mayoría de los autores se inspiren en las obras de sus antecesores para la creación de las suyas. Los descubrimientos de una generación exponen la experiencia y el conocimiento de la precedente. En este estudio nos centramos en el legado textual de Sir Josiah Child. Child fue una figura destacada de su tiempo: hombre acaudalado, gobernador de la East India Company, testigo de excepción de las políticas gubernamentales y una figura controvertida de la escena política de finales del siglo XVII inglés. Podemos considerarlo un economista práctico. Con sus escritos podemos conocer muchos aspectos del escenario político que los produjo. Comparándolo con otros autores contemporáneos podemos conocer los factores que condujeron, con frecuencia de manera compleja, a la formulación de una ciencia económica.Este artículo presenta nuestro análisis de la carrera y de los textos de Child con el fin de poder identificar las fuentes de las teorías childeanas. Su Brief Observations Concerning Trade, and Interest of Money se convirtió en un clásico temprano de la literatura económica. Nuestro objeto es trocear este texto. Con mucha frecuencia, la destrucción es el prólogo necesario de la reconstrucción, objetivo último y principal de la deconstrucción del texto de este mercader-economista.In economic thought, no less than in scientific achievement, no man is an isolated being, and most writers lean heavily on their predecessors' writings in producing "new" works. The discoveries of one generation compound the experience and knowledge of those who have gone before. In the present study we are focusing on Sir Josiah Child's legacy.Child was a leading figure of his time: a wealthy man, governor of the East India Company, expert witness in the formulation of governmental policies, and a controversial figure in the political scene of the late seventeenth century in England. He can be considered as a "practical economist". From his writings we can learn much about the economic scene which produced them. By contrasting him with some others of his contemporaries we can learn something about the factors which led, in such complex ways, to the formulation of an economic science.This paper consists of our analysis of Child’s writings and career trying to trace the sources of Child’s "theories". His Brief Observations Concerning Trade, and Interest of Money became an early classic of economic literature. Our target is putting this text into parts. Most of the times, destruction is a necessary prologue to reconstruction. The latter is our main purpose deconstructing Child's text.

  9. Briti hotell Dunkri tänavas / Piret Tali

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tali, Piret, 1972-

    2005-01-01

    Liisi Murula ja Raili Nõlvaku kujundatud hotell Merchants House, restoran KN Cayenne, baar Ice Bar ja kohvik Cafe Time Tallinnas. Kasutatud ka tekstiilikunstnik Ülle Raadiku ja klaasikunstnik Rait Partsi töid. Valgustite autor ehtekunstnik Katrin Sipelgas

  10. 77 FR 2708 - Performance of Registration Functions by National Futures Association With Respect To Swap...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... merchant; \\10\\ a floor broker; \\11\\ a floor trader; \\12\\ or a retail foreign exchange dealer.\\13\\ By today... association,'' to date, NFA is the sole association that has applied for and has been granted registration as...

  11. Center for the Advancement of Health

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... William B. Ziff Fellows Funders Contact Us Privacy / Terms of Use FOLLOW US Twitter Facebook YouTube CFAH ... materials are provided AS IS, WITH NO WARRANTIES, EXPRESS OR IMPLIED, INCLUDING ANY WARRANTY OF MERCHANTABILITY OR FITNESS FOR ...

  12. US Marine Meteorological Journals

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — This series consists of volumes entitled 'Meteorological Journal' (a regulation Navy-issue publication) which were to be completed by masters of merchant vessels...

  13. The National Shipbuilding Research Program. 1995 Ship Production Symposium. Paper No. 18: Analysis of Competitiveness in Commercial Shipbuilding

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Hengst, Sjoerd; Koppies, J. D

    1995-01-01

    ... changes in the Dutch shipyards since 1983, based on market approach and cost reduction. The objective of a study completed in 1993 was to gain insight into the competitive position of the Dutch shipbuilding industry for seagoing merchant ships...

  14. New Zealand code for nuclear powered shipping

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1976-06-01

    This report recommends guidelines for the safety precautions and procedures to be implemented when New Zealand ports and approaches are used by nuclear powered merchant ships and nuclear powered naval ships

  15. 77 FR 60000 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Chicago Mercantile Exchange Inc.; Notice of Filing and Order...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-01

    ... Approve Certain Disbursements of Customer Funds September 25, 2012. Pursuant to Section 19(b)(1) of the... initiative that is designed to further safeguard customer funds held at the futures commission merchant... designed to further [[Page 60001

  16. 46 CFR 272.3 - Definitions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... General § 272.3 Definitions. For the purposes of this part: (a) Act means the Merchant Marine Act, 1936... pursuant to section 809 of the Act. (n) Spare parts means such items as spare propellers and tailshafts and...

  17. 17 CFR 155.4 - Trading standards for introducing brokers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... executable at or near the market price is transmitted to the futures commission merchant carrying the account... consent of the account owner, if the affiliated person has gained knowledge of the customer's or option...

  18. Political Christianity in Renaissance Drama

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Joulan, Nayef Ali

    2017-01-01

    Examining the following selected Renaissance dramas: Marlowe's "The Jew of Malta" (1585), Shakespeare's "The Merchant of Venice" (1596), Massinger's "The Renegado" (1624), Daborne's "A Christian Turn'd Turk" (1612), and Goffe's "The Raging Turk" (1656), this research investigates Renaissance…

  19. Stopping and Questioning Suspected Shoplifters Without Creating Civil Liability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Jack R., Jr.

    1977-01-01

    Legal problems concerned with shoplifting suspects are addressed, including common law, criminal penalties, and the merchant's liability. Tangential questions and answers are presented along with discussion of pertinent court cases. (LBH)

  20. 7 CFR 46.46 - Statutory trust.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... commission merchant, dealer, or broker, it automatically becomes eligible to participate in the trust...

  1. 7 CFR 46.6 - License fees.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... commission merchants, brokers, and dealers (other than grocery wholesalers and retailers) the annual license...

  2. 7 CFR 46.10 - Nonlicensed person; liability; penalty.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 46.10 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL... Licenses § 46.10 Nonlicensed person; liability; penalty. Any commission merchant, dealer, or broker who...

  3. 7 CFR 46.7 - Issuance of license.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... certifying that the licensee is authorized to engage in the business of a commission merchant, dealer, or...

  4. 7 CFR 46.35 - Suspension or revocation order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES... the business of a commission merchant, dealer, or broker until his status as a licensee has been...

  5. 7 CFR 47.3 - Institution of proceedings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES... agency of any State or Territory having jurisdiction over commission merchants, dealers, or brokers in...

  6. 7 CFR 46.25 - Auction sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... Auction sales. Commission merchants, dealers and brokers who offer produce for sale through auction...

  7. 7 CFR 46.14 - General.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... (general) § 46.14 General. (a) Every commission merchant, dealer, and broker shall prepare and preserve for...

  8. Consumer bankruptcy law for Ethiopia: Lessons from United States ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    indebtedness became a problem for many countries. As a response to this, many jurisdictions have departed from their “merchant-oriented” bankruptcy law to include consumers giving them discharge and fresh start. Germany, United States, United ...

  9. 78 FR 31809 - National Maritime Day, 2013

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-24

    ... losses to keep our sea lanes open. And through war and peace alike, the Merchant Marine has driven our... products get wherever they need to go--from ports here at home to new markets halfway across the globe...

  10. 15 CFR 801.10 - Rules and regulations for the BE-120, Benchmark Survey of Transactions in Selected Services and...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... services; management, consulting, and public relations services (including allocated expenses); merchanting... news; disbursements to maintain government tourism and business promotion offices; disbursements for... passenger transport); transcription services; and waste treatment and depollution services. The intangible...

  11. CURRENT - DIRECTION and Other Data from ESSO DEUTSCHLAND and Other Platforms From Arabian Sea and Others from 19011027 to 19890807 (NODC Accession 9000154)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Data consists of ship drift data collected using drifting buoys from six merchant ships, collected for the German Oceanographic Data Center (Deutsches...

  12. 46 CFR 393.1 - Purpose.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... include, but are not limited to, reduced emissions, including greenhouse gases, reduced energy consumption... expansion of the U.S. merchant marine by encouraging construction, reconstruction, or acquisition of vessels...

  13. The Closing of the Insolvency Procedure

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cornelia Lefter

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available The achievment of the balance between the offer and the demand in a market economy makes that some merchants win and others lose. Losing in business is a normal risk, usually assumed by any merchant. But when the merchant record losses, the issue is of engaging his responsibility before all those that may be damaged due to his negative results. Faced to this reality, the commercial legislation, by way of the collective procedure, has tried to found the most adequate means to reduce up to the maximum the negative influences that the losses beared by a merchant may have on his creditors. According to this, from the new law of the collective procedure (Law no. 85/2006 there have been analized those cases of closing the procedure and their effects which raised already problems in practice and aroused interesting doctrinal controversies.

  14. Potensi Kayu Perkakas dan Kayu Bakar Jenis Jati (Tectona grandis di Hutan Rakyat Desa Natah, Gunung Kidul

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ris Hadi Purwanto

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Potentials  of Merchantable Timber and Firewod of Teak (Tectona grandis in Natah Village Community Forest , Gunungkidul The potential of merchantable timber and firewod of teak (Tectona grandis in Desa Natah community forest was estimated by developing allometric equations method. To establish the allometric equation 350 sample trees were measured to determine the relationships between tree height (H and diameter breast height (D. Thirty trees of various sizes were cut to measure the merchantable timber and firewood volume. The raw merchantable timber volume of teak in the community forest was defined as the ligneous material contained in the bole and branches which both with a diameter of at least 10cm. The result showed that D (taken at about 1.3m above the ground was a good predictor of H with r2 over 0.9672. When D was combined with H, r2 was improved somewhat for the merchantable timber volume, suggesting the growth patterns of tree dimensions were colesy interdependent. A standing stock of the merchantable timber and firewood volume of teak in the community forest was then estimated based on the allometric relations. Proportions of the merchantable timber and firewood volume were 66.91% and 33.09% of total wood volume per tree, respectively. The potential of merchantable timber and firewood volume in these community forest were 13.501 m3/ha and 8.686 m3/ha, respectively, with a basal area of 1.887 m2/ha. Based on the basal area, Desa Natah community forests of teak could be classified into extremely sparse of stands category.

  15. EVALUATION OF THE TURKISH TAX LAWS ON THE TAXATION OF TURKEY\\'S CRUISE TOURISM AND CRUISE SHIP OPERATION.

    OpenAIRE

    Ceyda Kukrer.

    2017-01-01

    According to the Cruise Lines International Association (CLIA) global cruise passengers is 25.9 million in 2017. The demand for this specific form of tourism has almost doubled in comparison with the number of international arrivals. With the increase in demand for cruise tourism, it has become important to link the cruise tourism to the legal rules. Among the Sources of Merchant Law is the fourth book titled \\"Merchant Merchandise\\" of the Turkish Commercial Code. On the other hand, the writ...

  16. Collected Works of Mao Tse-Tung (1917-1949), Volumes 1-2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1978-09-22

    the most advanced. The popularity of fencing spreads in the entire country. Japan has its samurai and recently, influenced by China, judo . They are...timid mentality in the past, couldn’t we help laughing? In the past, some merchants who had blind faith in the United States held that the United...had blind faith in the United States are wrong: The United States secretly helped Tsao Kun, who are opposed by both merchants and the whole nation

  17. Army Logistician. Volume 40, Issue 6, November-December 2008

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-12-01

    the enemy’s economic supply chain by destroying merchant shipping. Allied navies sank 1,178 Japanese merchant ships compared to 214 Japanese naval...deliverables, and risk) as part of their logistics planning considerations. Of course, an occasional box of doughnuts is helpful, too; it’s all part...military, political, economic , psychological, and civic actions taken by a government to defeat an insurgency. Logisticians should understand the

  18. Zlomek knihy vydání, v níž jsou jména Židů. “Nově objevený” rukopisný zlomek kupeckého rejstříku a jeho výpověď pro pražský obchod ve středověku

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Musílek, Martin

    -, č. 44 (2016), s. 141-166 ISSN 0555-0238 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GBP405/12/G148 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Prague * Prague’s Old Town * business and trade * merchant books * merchant registers * manuscript fragment * Jews * Jewish Town * collateral * urban elites Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings)

  19. Dutch Batik Motifs: The Role of The Ruler and The Dutch Bussinesman

    OpenAIRE

    Asidigisianti Surya Patria

    2017-01-01

    Dutch Batik is the referent of batik which is made by European-Indo woman industry. It can be identified by the European pattern which is a bouquet. This research is aimed to describe the correlation between the development of Dutch Batik with the role of the Dutch government and the Dutch merchant. The library research was used during analyzing the role of the government and the merchant using the Talcott Parsons’ functional structure theory. The batik Dutch companies were commercial oriente...

  20. Fashion Evaluation Method for Clothing Recommendation Based on Weak Appearance Feature

    OpenAIRE

    Zhang, Yan; Liu, Xiang; Shi, Yunyu; Guo, Yunqi; Xu, Chaoqun; Zhang, Erwen; Tang, Jiaxun; Fang, Zhijun

    2017-01-01

    With the rapid rising of living standard, people gradually developed higher shopping enthusiasm and increasing demand for garment. Nowadays, an increasing number of people pursue fashion. However, facing too many types of garment, consumers need to try them on repeatedly, which is somewhat time- and energy-consuming. Besides, it is difficult for merchants to master the real-time demand of consumers. Herein, there is not enough cohesiveness between consumer information and merchants. Thus, a n...

  1. Book Reviews

    OpenAIRE

    Redactie KITLV

    1999-01-01

    -Charles V. Carnegie, W. Jeffrey Bolster, Black Jacks: African American Seamen in the age of sail. Cambridge MA: Harvard University Press, 1997. xiv + 310 pp. -Stanley L. Engerman, Wim Klooster, Illicit Riches: Dutch trade in the Caribbean, 1648-1795. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1998. xiv + 283 pp. -Luis Martínez-Fernández, Emma Aurora Dávila Cox, Este inmenso comercio: Las relaciones mercantiles entre Puerto Rico y Gran Bretaña 1844-1898. San Juan: Editorial de la Universidad de Puerto Rico, 1996. ...

  2. Study of the marine environment of the northern Gulf of California

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hendrickson, J. R. (Principal Investigator)

    1973-01-01

    There are no author-identified significant results in this report. Progress in studies of the marine environment of the northern Gulf of California is described. A ship was chartered in Mexico, staffed with local seamen, equipped for oceanographic work, and is now conducting monthly cruises of 47 stations, collecting ground observations for correlation with ERTS-1 imagery in the Arizona Regional Ecological Test Site laboratory in Tucson. Progress is reported on fabrication of instrument buoys equipped with marine-adapted DCP's to transmit ground observations via satellite to Tucson. Data handling processes are described. Coordination of work with Mexican scientists is detailed.

  3. Findings of the Work Improvement on Board (WIB) programme by the Fishery Agency in Japan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hisamune, Shuji; Kogi, Kazutaka

    2015-01-01

    Concerns are growing about the safety and health of seamen exposed to high risks while working on vessels. Their accident rate in 2013 was 9.9 per 1000 workers, 5 times higher than that in industry. In order to mitigate the risks of seamen, we developed the Work Improvement on Board (WIB) programme by applying participatory action-oriented training (PAOT) methods that have proven effective for reducing work-related risks in small enterprises, construction sites, and agriculture. We analysed which features of the WIB programme would be most effective for facilitating the planning and implementation of practical improvements on vessels. We examined action -oriented tools used, including a WIB action checklist and good examples, and practical improvements proposed by the participants in 1-day or half-day WIB workshops. To study the effectiveness of the WIB programme, we analysed 1121 replies of a questionnaire distributed to 1459 participants of the programme. We compared the types of improvements achieved and the improvement costs in the WIB programme with those in other PAOT programmes. The impact of the WIB programme on promoting primary prevention by seamen and fishermen was discussed. The action checklist listing practical improvements on board and good example photos apparently facilitated the planning and implementation of improvements feasible on board. The participating crews could propose readily applicable improvements of their vessels within short time. In the case of workshops held in 10 harbours between August and October 2014, participants coming from 110 vessels presented 228 improvement proposals which were mostly feasible at low cost. Among the 1121 questionnaire replies from participants of the WIB programme, over 75% evaluated the programme as necessary, practical and easy-to-understand. These positive results led to the adoption of the WIB programme for training fishermen and seamen on commercial vessels by the Fishery Agency and the Ministry of

  4. Sailors and syphilis on Europe's waterways International Health Organizations and the Rhine Commissions, c. 1900-1953

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slawomir Lotysz

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article will focus on efforts to address the problem of sexually-transmitted disease among a maritime labour force in the first half of the twentieth-century as it became a core concern for a wide range of international health organizations. In focusing on those working on the Rhine it challenges existing accounts that have considered the place of seamen only in particular national contexts and which have tended to focus on the open seas. It explores the reasons why, despite repeated efforts to establish wide-ranging surveillance and treatment mechanisms, these remained beyond reach for those seeking to deal with the problem.

  5. KONTRIBUSI MODAL DAN JAM KERJA TERHADAP PENDAPATAN PEDAGANG DI PASAR UMUM PEKUTATAN, KECAMATAN PEKUTATAN, KABUPATEN JEMBRANA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Wayan Wana Pariartha

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Income is very essential to merchants in a public market and it is closely related to how much their products are in demand. A high demand, reflected from the hustle and bustle of a market, will automatically raise to merchants, income and vice versa. The merchants in a public market generally run their business on a small-scale capital and therefore its turnover is very fast so as to make the capital very productive. Their capital turnover is very much influenced by such factors as the size of the capital, manpower, working hours, experience, and so forth. This research took place at Pekutatan Public Market, District of Jembrana. There were 36 respondents which were randomly selected out of 120 merchant. The data was collected through interviews based on a set of predetermined quistions as a reference. The average capital which is spent by the merchants at the Pekutatan Public Market is Rp. 1.351.070,00 with an average working hours of 48.76 hours per week. Their income is Rp. 1.325.758,82 per week. As a whole, the amount of capital and working hours have an immdiate impact on the income with a degree of freedom up to 1%. However, those factors respectively contribute in part to the degree of freedom up to 5%. The capital has the trongest influence, followed by the working hours. This can be concluded that the capital serves as the most dominant factor in determining the income.

  6. The value of transport services and positioning of shipping companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalia Primacheva

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The main goal is to preserve the sustainability of marine transport enterprises in the transport market according to the criteria of entrepreneurial and non-systemic efficiency. The essential conditions of activation of functioning and development of the national marine transport complex are reviewed. In conditions of a rigid competition in the global market of maritime transport of goods the parameters of the status of sea country become the principle in the management’s system of development’s efficiency. In conditions of relatively high density of merchant shipping it is necessary to develop methodology that reflects conditions and objectives of the strategic positioning of shipping companies, for the effective development of the national merchant marine fleet. The principles of the effective development of the global merchant shipping are taken into account during selection of targets of the program of development of Ukraine as a maritime state.

  7. ‘Vasari’s Vite and Italian artists in sixteenth-century England’

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cinzia Maria Sicca

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Vasari’s Vite provide valuable information about the way in which Italian art reached England, sometimes mentioning specific names of merchants and agents controlling the market. The migration of artists could in fact only occur with the backing of merchant-bankers who provided the financial means to undertake such costly and difficult trips, guaranteed a certain amount of work and in many cases even provided housing in their own company lodgings. The paper presents new archival evidence confirming the correctness of the leads offered in the Vite and argues that the movement of work and people was largely in the hands of a group of Florentine merchants with very close ties to the Medici in Florence and Rome.

  8. Transmission and wind investment in a deregulated electricity industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Maurovich-Horvat, Lajos; Boomsma, Trine Krogh; Fleten, Stein-Erik

    2013-01-01

    carrying out investment in wind farms. In this paper, we analyse the interaction between the two conflicting objectives under various assumptions about the electricity market structure and the degree of producers' market power. Via a three-node illustrative example, we show that a merchant investor......The transition to a more sustainable energy system requires investment in renewable energy technologies such as wind. Due to the dispersed nature of sites for wind farms, concomitant expansion of the transmission network is also necessary. While the two objectives could be reconciled within...... the auspices of a regulated welfare-maximising planner, recent restructuring of electricity industries has introduced a merchant model for transmission investment, which provides congestion rents from construction of a new line. Thus, the merchant investor's incentives are different from those of producers...

  9. Life Cycle Greenhouse Gas Emissions of By-product Hydrogen from Chlor-Alkali Plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Dong-Yeon [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Systems Assessment Group, Energy Systems Division; Elgowainy, Amgad A. [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Systems Assessment Group, Energy Systems Division; Dai, Qiang [Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Systems Assessment Group, Energy Systems Division

    2017-12-01

    Current hydrogen production capacity in the U.S. is about 15.8 million tonne (or metric ton) per year (Brown 2016). Some of the hydrogen (2 million tonne) is combusted for its heating energy value, which makes total annual net production 13.8 million tonne (Table 1). If captive by-product hydrogen (3.3 million tonne) from catalytic reforming at oil refineries is excluded (Brown 2016; EIA 2008), approximately 11 million tonne is available from the conventional captive and merchant hydrogen market (DOE 2013). Captive hydrogen (owned by the refiner) is produced and consumed on site (e.g., process input at refineries), whereas merchant hydrogen is produced and sold as a commodity to external consumers. Whether it is merchant or captive, most hydrogen produced in the U.S. is on-purpose (not by-product)— around 10 million tonne/year.

  10. Comerciantes y empresarios de Bucaramanga (1857-1885: una aproximación desde el neoinstitucionalismo.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Fernanda Duque Castro.

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Merchants and entrepreneurs of Bucaramanga (1857-1885: A Neo-Institutionalist Approach. This article presents some reflections on the merchants and entrepreneurs that lived in Bucaramanga during the second half of the nineteenth century. For this purpose, in an alternating exercise of comparison and description, we consider their economic activities and family ties, which will allow us to observe the ruptures and continuities that operated in their commercial, social, and cultural practices during the period from 1857 to 1885. Likewise, recurring to certain postulates of the economic theory of neoinstitutionalism and to conceptual distinctions regarding the terms “merchant”, “entrepreneur”, and “notable family”, an analysis is done of the socio-economic organizations founded by these merchants and entrepreneur, as well as their influence in the creation of the institutional framework that ruled in Bucaramanga throughout the Federal Period.

  11. ON PSYCHOLOGICAL AND PSYCHIATRIC IMPACT OF PIRACY ON SEAFARERS.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivan Aleksandrov

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Background: It has been discussed that being held hostage can have harmful short and often long-term physical, psychological, familial and social effects on the victims. This is a complex area of research and the data is sparse yet. The aim of our study is to present our experience concerning some psychological and psychiatric consequences on Bulgarian seamen victims of pirate's attack long captivity and to suggest a suitable methodology of a psychological investigation in such cases. Methods: Seven Bulgarian hostage survivors underwent comprehensive psychological and psychiatric assessments twenty days after pirate’s captivity release. Results and discussion: In general terms, the psychological and psychiatric impact on the victims is similar to that of being exposed to other serious life-threatening events, including terrorist incidents and natural disasters. All the subjects, who have been examined in our study, reported feelings of detachment and alienation from close others and startle by noises, nightmares and sleep disturbances. Anxiety symptoms, characterized by apprehension, tension and fear in particular situations, and some depressive features (depressive mood, lack of interest and activities, lassitude on a sub- clinical level were registered. Conclusion: Despite some limitations our report discusses important issues, concerning psychological and psychiatric consequences on Bulgarian seamen victims of pirate’s attack long captivity and present a suitable model of a psychological investigation in such cases and states the need of supportive care of the victims.

  12. The ‘versus’ habit: Bristol, Banksy and the Barons

    OpenAIRE

    Gough, P.

    2011-01-01

    Little is ever forgotten in Bristol. The historic enmity between the two halves of the city may be well hidden, but it is played out in the psycho-geographies of a ‘federal’ city. During the eighteenth century, gathered to the north around Georgian Clifton lived the high Anglican, high Tory, merchant class, largely represented by the Society of the Merchant Venturers. Over centuries they became the most powerful mercantile cartel in Bristol and the region; their wealth and status partly found...

  13. Risk Management related to Privacy Policies of an Online Store

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    George Cristian Schin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper seeks to explore the early warning alerts that NORSE system proposes to e-commerce merchants. The real time visibility to cyber-attacks empowers this intelligence tool with high capabilities to detect the threats that companies confront with. The fight against cyber-criminality should be reinforced globally, in the attempt to mitigate the risks and losses determined by attackers. By analysing two case studies, the article proposes a framework which can guide e-commerce merchants to integrate intelligent systems for threat detection. The managerial implications are obvious, equipping the leaders with tools to prevent both financial and knowledge loss.

  14. Laços familiares e aspectos materiais da dinâmica mercantil na cidade de São Paulo (séculos XVIII e XIX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Aparecida de Menezes Borrego

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Based on the family ties established within the active merchant community of the city of São Paulo through the 18th and 19th centuries, the author sets out to tell the life story of nine merchants involved in matrimonial alliances, with a focus on the transactions carried out, their sociopolitical engagement and the fortunes of their descendants. Having done that, she seeks out connections between the urban development of the city center and the activities of these businessmen by means of analyses centered on the material aspects of their lives, particularly those related to their homes and home furniture.

  15. The ‘Junta de Dependencias de Extranjeros’ (1714-1800: The socio-political background of a historical institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana Crespo Solana

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper sets out to analyze the Junta de Dependencia de Extranjeros, an institution that was created within the framework of the government reforms that characterized the reign of Phillip V after the war of Spanish succession in order to monitor and control the activity of foreign merchants settled in numerous Spanish cities. During its operative period this institution developed a strong links and effective lines of communication with foreign merchant communities resident in Spain. This study is based on primary sources such as the documentation generated by the Junta, which included requests and complaints lodged by merchants and merchant communities as well as reports on the appointment of foreign consuls. These sources are preserved in the State sections of the Archivo Histórico Nacional de Madrid and the Archivo General de Simancas. The correspondence of the representatives of merchant communities in Spain has also been used, as well as affidavits and population censuses preserved in the Provincial Archives of Madrid, Cadiz and Murcia. These sources have been interrogated in order to establish the stances and discourses adopted by both the Spanish government and the foreign merchants settled in those cities that sent representatives to the offices of Spain’s central government. The requests and complaints filed by foreign merchants and consuls in this context demonstrate the strength of their communities, which had been granted substantial privileges during the second half of the seventeenth century, and to which the Junta responded with a high degree of understanding. The Junta’s conciliatory stance was linked not only to pressure exerted by foreign ambassadors, but also to limitations established by the peace treaties signed by Spain. The Junta de Dependencia de Extranjeros clearly adopted a radically different position to that of Charles II’s fiercely protectionist government, and generally responded favourably to requests from

  16. Paying for Payments

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Korsgaard, Søren

    Do consumers and merchants use the most efficient payment instruments? I examine how interchange fees, which are fees paid from merchants' banks to consumers' banks when card transactions take place, influence the choice between cash and payment cards. I show that when consumers do not pay...... transaction fees to banks - a common feature in bank contracts - card use is declining in interchange fees, and surcharging does not neutralize interchange fees. According to my model, banks set interchange fees at too high a level, resulting in too few card payments. I derive an optimal interchange fee which...

  17. Variations in Wood Anatomical Characteristics of Nigerian grown ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    obeche) were investigated to assess the variation pattern of fibre, vessel and ray elements. Test samples were obtained axially from butt, 10%, 30%, 50%, 70% and 90% of merchantable height (MH); and radially from inner wood, middle wood and ...

  18. 7 CFR 984.22 - Trade demand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... 7 Agriculture 8 2010-01-01 2010-01-01 false Trade demand. 984.22 Section 984.22 Agriculture... Regulating Handling Definitions § 984.22 Trade demand. (a) Inshell. The quantity of merchantable inshell walnuts that the trade will acquire from all handlers during a marketing year for distribution in the...

  19. 17 CFR 166.2 - Authorization to trade.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Authorization to trade. 166.2 Section 166.2 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION CUSTOMER PROTECTION RULES § 166.2 Authorization to trade. No futures commission merchant, introducing broker or any of their...

  20. The financial feasibility of delivering forest treatment residues to bioenergy facilities over a range of diesel fuel and delivered biomass prices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greg Jones; Dan Loeffler; Edward Butler; Susan Hummel; Woodam. Chung

    2013-01-01

    Forest treatments have the potential to produce significant quantities of forest residue biomass, which includes the tops and limbs from merchantable trees and smaller trees removed to meet management objectives. We spatially analyzed the sensitivity of financially feasible biomass volumes for delivery to a bioenergy facility across 16 combinations of delivered biomass...

  1. Survey of Small Businesses: Issues in Metric Planning and Conversion.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-12-01

    Gift Exhibitors Association Chicago Tool & Die Association Clinton County Home Builders Association Columbus Homebuilders Association Columbus Ohio... Exhibitors Association Lumber Trade Association of Greater Chicago Lynn Credit Association Manufacturing Association of Syracuse Merchants Association of...Chipley Movers Association of Springfield, MO New Market Business Association Niagara Frontier Auto Dealers Association Norfolk Beverage Company Norfolk

  2. Impact of kolanuts trade on socio-economic development of Sagamu ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The ancient town of Sagamu in the old Ijebu-Remo Province is a household name regarding the cultivation and production of kolanuts cola nitida (gbanja), especially the white variety, in the whole of South-Western Nigeria. This species of kolanuts attracted some itinerant Hausa kolanuts merchants in large number from the ...

  3. The last chapter in natural gas deregulation? I don't think so

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kirkby, R.G.

    1995-01-01

    The history of the deregulation of the Canadian gas market was reviewed. Both domestic consumers who did and did not participate in the open gas market, benefited from low costs which were an immediate, highly visible consequence of deregulation. The direct purchase alternative was a major influence in reducing system gas costs. Deregulation also helped to increase Canadian gas exports to the U.S. with the increase in pipeline infrastructure. Ontario's direct purchase environment, characterized by the large number of competitors, has not been without faults. There has been concern about unfair competitive advantages of regulated monopolies. Local gas distributors (LDC) and the competitive advantages they enjoy, were discussed. The LDC was characterized as a monopoly gas distributor and a gas merchant at the same time. Possible solutions to this problem were presented. It was suggested that the LDC, as a gas merchant, should be required to facilitate development of the competitive market rather than compete in it. An alternative was to separate the distribution and merchant functions. A third option was to require that LDCs relinquish their gas merchant role along the lines similar to what has taken place in the USA on interstate pipelines, and to a more limited extent, in Quebec. In the opinion of this speaker any solution in the near future would not be the last step in establishing complete deregulation. 3 figs

  4. Convoying against piracy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, J.; Ven, M.P.A. van der

    2013-01-01

    The last couple of years have shown an alarming increase in the incidence of piracy near Somalia. Both the Somali East Coast and the Gulf of Aden are high-risk areas. The Gulf of Aden is an important shipping lane due to its location. Convoying merchant vessels through the Gulf of Aden is one of the

  5. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Style and the representation of agony in the poetry of Countee Cullen Abstract · Vol 14, No 2 (2017) - Articles The Dynamics of Economism and Human Traffficking in Chika Unigwe's On Black Sisters' Street and Ifeoma Chinwuba's Merchants of Flesh Abstract. ISSN: 1813-2227. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE ...

  6. The Northern hardwood forest ecosystem: ten years of recovery from clearcutting

    Science.gov (United States)

    J.W. Hornbeck; C.W. Martin; R.S. Pierce; F.H. Bormann; G.E. Likens; J.S. Eaton; J.S. Eaton

    1987-01-01

    Two even-age management systems, progressive strip cutting and block clearcutting, have been studied since 1970 on small watersheds at the Hubbard Brook Experimental Forest, New Hampshire. In the strip cutting, all merchantable trees were harvested in a series of three strips over 4 years (1970-74). In the block clearcutting, all trees were harvested in a single...

  7. Penalties and liquidated damages in a changing world: rethinking ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Why did Antonio agree to give Shylock a pound of his flesh in the Merchant of Venice? Why was Shylock unable to get his pound of flesh? Parties to a contract are allowed to determine their obligations but cannot freely determine the consequences of breach in the event of nonperformance. Such is the paradox in the law of ...

  8. Shaping a Muslim State : The World of a Mid-Eighth-Century Egyptian Official

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijpesteijn, P.M.

    2013-01-01

    Shaping a Muslim State provides a synthetic study of the political, social, and economic processes which formed early Islamic Egypt. Looking at a corpus of previously unknown Arabic papyrus letters, dating from between AD 730 and 750, which were written to a Muslim administrator and merchant in the

  9. The Other Side of the Mountain: Mujahideen Tactics in the Soviet-Afghan War

    Science.gov (United States)

    1995-06-01

    highway closure caused losses to civilian merchants who, at this time of the year, export pomegranates from Tagao and grapes from Kabul to Pakistan...helicopters then set down in some corn fields 200-300 meters west of the commander’s house. The corn stalks were about 20-30 centimeters high at the time

  10. 77 FR 74745 - Used Motor Vehicle Trade Regulation Rule

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-12-17

    ... so that, for example, a brand of ``junk'' in one state may mean something different in another state... merchantability (which may mean, among other things, that goods are fit for the purposes for which such goods are... . Comments from Downey Brand LLP (``Downey Brand'') and NAAG submitted during the reopened comment period are...

  11. 77 FR 2613 - Registration of Swap Dealers and Major Swap Participants

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-19

    ... disqualification would not effect or be involved in effecting swaps on its behalf. The sole comment that the..., CTA, or leverage transaction merchant (LTM)), or registered as a floor broker (FB) or floor trader (FT..., NFA is the sole RFA. The Commission received general comments in favor of the membership requirement...

  12. Growth and Fusiform Rust Responses of Piedmont Loblolly Pine After Severa1 Site Preparation and Regeneration Methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    W. Henry McNab

    1990-01-01

    Cutover pine-hardwood sites in the Piedmont of central Georgia were prepared by prescribed burning or drum chopping and regenerated to loblolly pine (Pinus taeda L.) by planting or direct-seeding. Site preparation had little effect on soil physical properties. After an average of 12 years, trees were larger in dbh and total height, the merchantable...

  13. Teaching Modules for Nine Plays by Shakespeare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Denzell

    The nine modules presented in this paper are designed to guide students in a one-semester Shakespeare Course through the reading of three Shakespearean tragedies ("Hamlet,""Othello," and "Macbeth"), three comedies ("Midsummer Night's Dream,""Merchant of Venice," and "The Tempest"), and…

  14. Revisionings and Adaptions of Shakespeare in the Fiction of André ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Journalist, novelist, pamphleteer and politician, Plaatje, Mufson argues, through his translations of Shakespeare's A Comedy of Errors, The Merchant of Venice, Othello, Much Ado about Nothing and Julius Caesar into Sechuana had made Shakespeare available to many black South Africans. Shakespeare in Southern ...

  15. Surface fuel loadings within mulching treatments in Colorado coniferous forests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mike A. Battaglia; Monique E. Rocca; Charles C. Rhoades; Michael G. Ryan

    2010-01-01

    Recent large-scale, severe wildfires in the western United States have prompted extensive mechanical fuel treatment programs to reduce potential wildfire size and severity. Fuel reduction prescriptions typically target non-merchantable material so approaches to mechanically treat and distribute residue on site are becoming increasingly common. We examined how mulch...

  16. Secure firmware updates for point of sale terminals

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Tsague, HD

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A large number of electronic transactions are performed with credit or debit cards at point of sale terminals located at merchant stores. The success of this form of payment however, has an associated cost due to the management and maintenance...

  17. 46 CFR 164.009-3 - Noncombustible materials not requiring specific approval.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) EQUIPMENT, CONSTRUCTION, AND MATERIALS: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL MATERIALS Noncombustible Materials for... noncombustible materials may be used in merchant vessel construction though not specifically approved under this subpart: (a) Sheet glass, block glass, clay, ceramics, and uncoated fibers. (b) All metals, except...

  18. Estimation of taper rates and volume of smaller-sized logs in spotted ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Spotted gum (Corymbia citriodora subsp. variegata) is a popular tree species for hardwood saw timber plantations in Southeast Queensland (SEQ), Australia. In many parts of the world, logs up to 10cm top diameter are considered to be merchantable logs and acceptable at sawmills. However, due to the higher handling ...

  19. HYDROGRAPHIC SURVEY : MILESTONE OF THE PROTEA

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Thean

    During the early modern period, states and merchant companies employed cartographers to collect and ... in 1972 the SA Navy commissioned its first purpose-built hydrographic survey ship (the current SAS ...... Serious consideration is therefore being given to a replacement, and as part of Project Hotel, the SA Navy is.

  20. 3 CFR 8384 - Proclamation 8384 of May 20, 2009. National Maritime Day, 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... commerce that has expanded America's economy. Domestic and international commerce occurred along rivers and... Marine's sealift capability to transport critical equipment and supplies. Time and again, mariners have... remains crucial to our economy today. The men and women of the U.S. Merchant Marine and the many other...

  1. Dutch securities for American land speculation in the late-eighteenth century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Frehen, R.G.P.; Goetzmann, W.; Rouwenhorst, K.G.; White, E.N.; Snowden, K.; Fishback, P.

    The end of the 18th century was one of the most innovative periods in the history of securitization. Public markets for mortgage-backed securities are among the most interesting developments of the period. In The Netherlands, a network of merchant investment bankers used sophisticated methods for

  2. 46 CFR 160.026-4 - Water.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Water. 160.026-4 Section 160.026-4 Shipping COAST GUARD... APPROVAL LIFESAVING EQUIPMENT Water, Emergency Drinking (In Hermetically Sealed Containers), for Merchant Vessels § 160.026-4 Water. (a) Only water meeting the U.S. Public Health Service “Drinking Water Standards...

  3. 17 CFR 30.6 - Disclosure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION FOREIGN FUTURES AND FOREIGN OPTIONS TRANSACTIONS § 30.6 Disclosure. (a) Future commission merchants and introducing brokers. Except as provided in... introducing broker, may open a foreign futures or option account for a foreign futures or option customer...

  4. 17 CFR 21.03 - Selected special calls-duties of foreign brokers, domestic and foreign traders, futures...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ..., clearing member or foreign broker” means all open contracts and transactions in futures and options on the... options account; the term “customer” means any futures commission merchant, clearing member, introducing... or options contract. Paragraphs (e), (g) and (h) of this section shall not apply to any futures...

  5. 46 CFR 287.4 - Application to establish fund.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ...) The name, office, and nationality of each officer and director of the applicant owning shares of stock..., and number and class of capital shares owned by, each person not named in answer to Item 6, owning of... section 905(c), Merchant Marine Act, 1936, as amended.) 8. A brief statement of the general effect of each...

  6. Allometric equations for predicting Puerto Rican dry forest biomass and volume

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas Brandeis; Matthew Delaney; Larry Royer; Bernard Parresol

    2009-01-01

    We used forest inventory data, intensive tree measurement, destructive sampling in the field, and subsequent laboratory analyses to develop regression equations that estimate tree biomass, merchantable volume, and total volume for upland forests in Puerto Rican subtropical dry forest. Most parsimonious and additive biomass equations for mixed, dry forest species were...

  7. Simulated rape, orgy, gory killings & hate speech

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kierkegaard, Sylvia; Kierkegaard, Patrick

    2011-01-01

    Schwarzenegger v. Entertainment Merchants Association has been identified as one of the most important case on games before the US Supreme Court and the “the single most important challenge gaming has ever face”. To resolve Schwarzenegger, the Justices will need to decide how much First Amendment...

  8. 78 FR 21934 - Coordination Between Natural Gas and Electricity Markets; Supplemental Notice of Technical...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-12

    ...) 502-6682, [email protected] . Sarah McKinley (Logistical Information), Office of External..., Marketing, Development & Commercial Operations, Iroquois Pipeline Operating Company Peter Brandien, Vice... Market, BG Energy Merchants, LLC Kathy Kirk, Senior VP, Marketing & Origination/Adina Owen, Corporate...

  9. What Polar Bears Can Teach Us about Mission Creep

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-16

    satisfaction of the requirements of a Master of Science Degree in Joint Campaign Planning and Strategy. The contents of this paper reflect my own personal...States to take advantage of the earliest opportunity to send to Siberia a commission of merchants, agricultural experts, labour advisers, Red Cross

  10. reasons and outcomes of admissions to the medical wards of jimma ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2011-03-01

    Mar 1, 2011 ... Ethnic group (47.2%), single (51.4%), high school students (46.8%) and employed (80%). Using cut-off .... Educational level. Illiterate. Elementary. High school. 10+ 2. 10+ 3 & above. Occupation. Employee. Unemployed. Merchant. Farmer. Student. Others ψ. 670 .... drank coffee during the chewing session.

  11. Untitled

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In 1987 het Caryl Phillips geskryf oor Othello en The Merchant of Venice in sy bundel reisbeskrywings The European Tribe. Waar kritici van. Shakespeare dikwels verwys na die oënskynlike swak sielkundige motivering van die moord op Desdemona deur 'n geslepe krygsheer wat darem te maklik deur Iago mislei word, ...

  12. 76 FR 30952 - Published Privacy Impact Assessments on the Web

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-27

    ... World War II Merchant Mariner Veteran. USCG has conducted this PIA because MMLD collects and uses PII... of Financial Management at U.S. ICE. The basic function of BMIS is to support the financial... Use of Unidirectional Social Media Applications Communications and Outreach. Component: DHS Wide. Date...

  13. Accounting for variation in root wood density and percent carbon in belowground carbon estimates

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandon H. Namm; John-Pascal Berrill

    2012-01-01

    Little is known about belowground biomass and carbon in tanoak. Although tanoaks rarely provide merchantable wood, an assessment of belowground carbon loss due to tanoak removal and Sudden Oak Death will inform conservation and management decisions in redwood-tanoak ecosystems.The carbon content of woody biomass is a function of...

  14. Marketing Education for the next Four Billion: Challenges and Innovations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rosa, Jose Antonio

    2012-01-01

    This article argues for a third transformation in marketing pedagogy, one made necessary by the emergence of subsistence consumers as a high-growth market segment. Continued double-digit growth in buying power and consumption among the world's poor appear certain, provided that the subsistence merchants serving such markets are effective. Ensuring…

  15. Offering online recommendations with minimum customer input through conjoint-based decision aids

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Bruyn, Arnaud; Liechty, John C.; Huizingh, Eelko K. R. E.; Lilien, Gary L.

    2008-01-01

    In their purchase decisions, online customers seek to improve decision quality while limiting search efforts. In practice, many merchants have understood the importance of helping customers in the decision-making process and provide online decision aids to their visitors. In this paper, we show how

  16. 46 CFR 386.19 - Dogs and other animals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... AND GROUNDS AT THE UNITED STATES MERCHANT MARINE ACADEMY § 386.19 Dogs and other animals. Persons are prohibited from bringing dogs and other animals on to the Academy premises, except for authorized purposes... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Dogs and other animals. 386.19 Section 386.19 Shipping...

  17. 46 CFR 164.009-21 - Laboratory report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Laboratory report. 164.009-21 Section 164.009-21...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL MATERIALS Noncombustible Materials for Merchant Vessels § 164.009-21 Laboratory report. The laboratory report of the test and measurements of a material contains the following: (a) Name...

  18. 46 CFR 164.012-12 - Recognized laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 6 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Recognized laboratory. 164.012-12 Section 164.012-12...: SPECIFICATIONS AND APPROVAL MATERIALS Interior Finishes for Merchant Vessels § 164.012-12 Recognized laboratory. A recognized laboratory is one which is operated as a nonprofit public service and is regularly...

  19. Images of Akutô

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Oxenbøll, Morten

    2005-01-01

    One of the primary objects of this paper has been to show how a so-called akutô was created, not on a local level by merchants or itinerant monks committing robbery and murder or by warriors or powerful peasants opposing a distant proprietor by violent means, but by the proprietor itself as part...

  20. 17 CFR 19.02 - Reports pertaining to cotton call purchases and sales.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... As used herein, call cotton refers to spot cotton bought or sold, or contracted for purchase or sale... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Reports pertaining to cotton... CHAPTER AND BY MERCHANTS AND DEALERS IN COTTON § 19.02 Reports pertaining to cotton call purchases and...

  1. 77 FR 5791 - Notice of Workshop

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-06

    ... Energy Regulatory Commission Notice of Workshop Docket No. Allocation of Capacity on New Merchant AD12-9... convene a workshop to obtain input on potential reforms to the Commission's policies governing the... transmission projects. The workshop will be held on Tuesday, February 28, 2012, from 9 a.m. to 1:15 p.m. (EST...

  2. 76 FR 4751 - Position Limits for Derivatives

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-26

    ...). The Commission reserves the right, but shall have no obligation, to review, pre-screen, filter, redact... exemptions for passive investments in independently controlled and managed commercial entities as well as exemptions for certain positions held with futures commission merchants and for traders that are passive pool...

  3. Parametric Roll - Risk Reduction through Real-time Detection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Galeazzi, Roberto

    2014-01-01

    PAROLL is an innovative condition-monitoring system for the timely detection of parametric roll on merchant vessels. It has been invented and developed by the Technical University of Denmark. DNV GL and Wallenius Marine have supported the development and full-scale validation of this monitoring...

  4. From Napoleon To Netanyahu: Blockading Through Two Centuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    created conditions ripe for graft, bribery , and corruption. Bribery and graft were rarely punished, as both were exceedingly difficult to prove in the...merchants often invited senior French officials to invest in their businesses, increasing the amount of bribery and corruption.8 Due to these

  5. 17 CFR 1.22 - Use of customer funds restricted.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Use of customer funds... REGULATIONS UNDER THE COMMODITY EXCHANGE ACT Customers' Money, Securities, and Property § 1.22 Use of customer funds restricted. No futures commission merchant shall use, or permit the use of, the customer funds of...

  6. 17 CFR 275.206(4)-2 - Custody of funds or securities of clients by investment advisers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... to meet control objectives relating to custodial services, including the safeguarding of funds and... in customer accounts; (iii) A futures commission merchant registered under section 4f(a) of the Commodity Exchange Act (7 U.S.C. 6f(a)), holding the client assets in customer accounts, but only with...

  7. National differences in incentive compensation practices : The differing roles of financial performance measurement in the United States and the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jansen, E. Pieter; Merchant, Kenneth A.; Van der Stede, Wim A.

    This paper describes the findings of a study aimed at providing an international replication of a US-based study by Gibbs et al. [Gibbs, M., Merchant, K., Van der Stede, W., & Vargus, M. (2004). Determinants and effects of subjectivity in incentives. The Accounting Review, 79(2), 409-436; Gibbs, M.,

  8. 77 FR 31479 - National Maritime Day, 2012

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-05-25

    ... global marketplace. On National Maritime Day, we pay tribute to all those who have served and sacrificed... our businesses here at home, the United States Merchant Marine will continue to play a vital role in driving progress and prosperity in communities across our country. Today, we commemorate that important...

  9. 75 FR 29395 - National Maritime Day, 2010

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-26

    ... America's leadership in the global marketplace, and to our security. Civilian mariners and their ships... continues today. Merchant mariners support military operations in Iraq and Afghanistan, as well as.... They help strengthen our Nation's economy; bolster job-creating businesses; and, along with the...

  10. Estimating Pinus palustris tree diameter and stem volume from tree height, crown area and stand-level parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    C.A. Gonzalez-Benecke; Salvador A. Gezan; Lisa J. Samuelson; Wendell P. Cropper; Daniel J. Leduc; Timothy A. Martin

    2014-01-01

    Accurate and efficient estimation of forest growth and live biomass is a critical element in assessing potential responses to forest management and environmental change. The objective of this study was to develop models to predict longleaf pine tree diameter at breast height (dbh) and merchantable stem volume (V) using data obtained from field measurements. We used...

  11. 46 CFR 11.713 - Requirements for maintaining current knowledge of waters to be navigated.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 1 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Requirements for maintaining current knowledge of waters to be navigated. 11.713 Section 11.713 Shipping COAST GUARD, DEPARTMENT OF HOMELAND SECURITY MERCHANT... § 11.713 Requirements for maintaining current knowledge of waters to be navigated. (a) If a first class...

  12. Transformations in gas shipping : Market structure and efficiency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engelen, Steve; Dullaert, Wout

    This article aims to improve understanding of the gas shipping markets which, contrary to the main merchant markets- namely the dry, the tanker and the container markets- have not been subject to the same scrutiny. We examine the fundamentals and segment these versatile markets in which expanding

  13. 46 CFR 11.201 - Eligibility for officer endorsements and STCW endorsements, general.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... of skills) before the Coast Guard will issue a merchant mariner credential (MMC). (b) Except as... to speak and understand English as found in the navigation rules, aids to navigation publications, emergency equipment instructions, machinery instructions, and radiotelephone communications instructions. (c...

  14. Projektarbejde i fremmedsprogene: Rapport fra seminar pa Roskilde Universitetscenter (Project Work in Foreign Languages: Report from a Seminar at Roskilde University Center). ROLIG-papir 38.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jakobsen, Karen Sonne, Ed.

    This report describes a seminar at Roskilde University Center (Denmark) on project work in foreign languages, which brought together language teachers and theorists from different schools, including universities, business schools, technical schools, merchants schools, and high schools, to discuss their experiences with project work in foreign…

  15. 77 FR 50210 - Proposed Collection; Comment Request for Form 1099-K

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-20

    ... 1099-K AGENCY: Internal Revenue Service (IRS), Treasury. ACTION: Notice and request for comments... Form 1099-K, Merchant Card and Third Party Payments. DATES: Written comments should be received on or...: Form 1099-K. Abstract: This is a new form is in response to section 102 of Public Law 111-147, the...

  16. Quantifying social preferences toward woody biomass energy generation in Montana, USA

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robert Campbell; Tyron Venn; Nathaniel Anderson

    2015-01-01

    A significant amount of the forestland in Montana is in need of mechanical forest restoration treatments, which can improve forest health and reduce wildfire risk, but can be expensive to implement and produce little merchantable timber. One option for disposal of the small diameter material produced by these treatments is to utilize it to produce energy,...

  17. Estimating aboveground tree biomass on forest land in the Pacific Northwest: a comparison of approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiaoping Zhou; Miles A. Hemstrom

    2009-01-01

    Live tree biomass estimates are essential for carbon accounting, bioenergy feasibility studies, and other analyses. Several models are currently used for estimating tree biomass. Each of these incorporates different calculation methods that may significantly impact the estimates of total aboveground tree biomass, merchantable biomass, and carbon pools. Consequently,...

  18. integration and disintegration in british colonial west africa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The constitutional evolution or the British West ,\\f"rican colonies \\\\·as usually attributed largely to the mood or the British public and parliament rather than to the pressure or local merchants. gon:rnors and /\\ f'ricans. Thus accounts of the territorial and governmental changes tended to.. ernplwsize the necessity for economical ...

  19. 48 CFR 12.403 - Termination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... ACQUISITION OF COMMERCIAL ITEMS Unique Requirements Regarding Terms and Conditions for Commercial Items 12.403... accordance with 42.1503(f). 12.404 Warranties. (a) Implied warranties. The Government's post award rights contained in 52.212-4 are the implied warranty of merchantability, the implied warranty of fitness for...

  20. Material Culture and Diasporic Experiences: A Case of Medieval Hanse Merchantsin the Baltic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Naum, Magdalena

    2015-01-01

    and material practices of these communities. It theorizes about the role and meaning of everyday material culture for Hanseatic merchants and their families, and investigates how material objects figured in the experience of relocation. It discusses the centrality of everyday things in rebuilding the migrants...

  1. 15 CFR 996.22 - Certification.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... express or implied warranty as to the merchantability or fitness for a particular purpose; conveys no express or implied liability on the part of the Government of the United States for the hydrographic...) Certification shall be for a term of 3 years unless otherwise specified by the Administrator. (d) A...

  2. 76 FR 29989 - National Maritime Day, 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-24

    ... members, and citizens around the world. On National Maritime Day, we honor their invaluable contributions... across the world and aiding our military at war. During World War II, Merchant Marines were critical in... skilled employment for American workers, contributing billions of dollars to our economy. It is also a...

  3. The Changing Face of the College Store

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halligan, Tom

    2008-01-01

    Increased competition from Internet merchants, coupled with the swelling popularity of electronic books and skyrocketing textbook prices, is forcing the nation's college stores to get creative, find new ways to boost revenues, and drive sales of books and other merchandise to students and faculty. To make up for lost revenue as a result of…

  4. Law, order and plunder at sea

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Heebøll-Holm, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    This article addresses the management of maritime plunder and conflict in the waters of England and France in the fourteenth century. It argues that during this century a fundamental change occurred. Around 1300, maritime conflict was handled by recourse to the strictly civil law merchant and law...... for the criminalisation of private maritime conflict....

  5. 46 CFR 310.6 - Entrance requirements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... MARITIME ADMINISTRATION, DEPARTMENT OF TRANSPORTATION TRAINING MERCHANT MARINE TRAINING Regulations and... considered for Federal student subsistence payments shall: (1) Be a citizen of the United States. (2) Be... requirements, will be acceptable to the Administration. (5) Possess a secondary school education or equivalent...

  6. Evidence Based Prevention of Occupational Slips, Trips and Falls

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Olaf Chresten

    2009-01-01

    It is estimated that about one third of the compensated occupational injuries and half of the most serious occupational injuries in merchant seafaring are related to slips, trips and falls (STF)-events. Among the elderly, STF is the risk factor that causes the largest number of inpatient days...

  7. The duties of the seller under the civil code and under the Hire ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This paper examines the duties of the seller under the Hire Purchase and Credit Sale Act 1964 (the Act) and under the Civil Code respectively as to the quiet enjoyment of the goods purchased, the right of the seller to sell them and the duty of the seller as to their merchantable quality. A comparison is made between these ...

  8. Algunas sagas comerciales francesas en el Madrid de la segunda mitad del seiscientos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Ramos Medina

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la evolución de algunas sagas comerciales francesas del comercio de ropas y tejidos de Madrid entre 1659 y 1673. Estas sagas comerciales siguieron una trayectoria ascendente cuyo resultado fue un complejo entramado de alianzas gracias a la concertaclón de algunos matrimonios de conveniencias dentro de la comunidad mercantil francesa así como otros calcularon sus acuerdos entre la comunidad mercantil minorista incorporada al comercio de los tejidos y el abastecimiento de Madrid.The aim of this artlcle is to analyze the evolution of some Frencti merchant famllies between 1659 and 1673 in Madrid. They organized some marrieges of conveniences and these merchante follewed a trajectory which was the result of a network of alllances. Some french merchants allied to others famllies Installed in Madrid at the flrst half of the 17th century because of thelr business Interests. And, flnnally, they developed thelr agreements and the result was a sucessful economlc and social integratlon within the flourishing retaller merchant communlty in Madrid.

  9. 17 CFR Appendix A to Part 37 - Guidance on Compliance With Registration Criteria

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... guidance following each registration criterion is illustrative only of the types of matters an applicant... commission merchants and introducing brokers and the protection of customer funds. (a) A board of trade... the protection of customer funds should include monitoring compliance with the facility's minimum...

  10. 76 FR 43393 - Debit Card Interchange Fees and Routing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-20

    ... payments, and automated clearing house (ACH) payments). Debit cards now play a prominent role in the U.S... effected through a settlement account at a commercial bank, or through ACH transfers. The acquirer credits... below. The timing of this crediting is determined by the merchant-acquirer agreement and/or ACH operator...

  11. Performance of Eucalyptus dunnii as influenced by vegetation ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In contrast, the 1.2 m and 2 m Row weeding treatments provided a cost-effective alternative to the Weed-free check, together with the added benefit of reduced herbicide use. Keywords: competition; cover-crop; Ipomoea batatas; merchantable volume; vegetation management. Southern Forests 2008, 70(3): 183–191 ...

  12. Regression models for estimating charcoal yield in a Eucalyptus ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    ... dbh2H, and the product of dbh and merchantable height [(dbh)MH] as independent variables. Results of residual analysis showed that the models satisfied all the assumptions of regression analysis. Keywords: Models, charcoal production, biomass, Eucalyptus, arid, anergy, allometric. Bowen Journal of Agriculture Vol.

  13. On the Trail of George Peabody.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin

    1994-01-01

    One in a collection of articles on George Peabody describes the author's experiences writing and publishing a doctoral dissertation on Peabody's educational philanthropy. The paper lists the sources to which the research trail led and gives an overview of Peabody's importance as a merchant turned international banker and educational…

  14. America's Forgotten Educational Philanthropist: A Bicentennial View.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This brief paper recounts the life of the extraordinary George Peabody, renowned for his educational philanthropy. Peabody is remembered for his wealth amassed as a merchant and banker, yet he also was the founder of modern educational philanthropy that lives on in seven Peabody libraries, the Peabody Conservatory of Music, three Peabody museums,…

  15. Educational Philanthropist George Peabody (1795-1869) and U.S.-British Relations, 1850s-1860s.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Franklin; Parker, Betty J.

    This paper is about Massachusetts-born merchant George Peabody's social contacts with 10 U.S. ministers (now called ambassadors) to Britain during the 1850s and 1860s, especially Peabody's contact with John Lothrop Motley, U.S. minister to Britain at the time of Peabody's death. The paper begins with Peabody's life and commercial career; describes…

  16. Along the Pawnee Trail: Cultural Resource Survey and Testing at Wilson Lake, Kansas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-08-01

    1804, whereupon he signed on as a guide for some merchants who wished to go to New Mexico to trade. The latter were financed by Mr. Morrison of...trademark that reads "IRONS[TONE]". It also pictures a standing lion, apparently part of a version of the British lion and unicorn with the royal coat

  17. SIRAMIS : Preliminary analysis of acoustic and seismic ship signatures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fillinger, L.; Mantouka, A.; Jong, C.A.F. de; Gloza, I.; Sanchez, A.; Moya, E.; Schael, S.; Lennartsson, T.; Petit, G.; Fardal, R.; Hasenpflug, H.; Beckers, A.L.D.

    2014-01-01

    SIRAMIS is a project coordinated by the European Defence Agency standing for Signature Response Analysis on Multi Influence Sensors. As most of the international trade is carried out through marine routes, it is important to evaluate the vulnerability of the merchant vessel fleet to sea mines in

  18. PRICING STRATEGY USED AS A TOOL FOR BUILDING CUSTOMER SATISFACTION IN THE RETAIL SECTOR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Toma Sorin

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to highlight the importance of pricing strategy in the retail sector and the power of their influence on consumer behavior. Merchants should consider the price generates perceptions and can influence consumer behavior and buying customers. They must also understand how to participate in the price of consumer satisfaction.

  19. Naval War College Review. Volume 60, Number 1, Winter 2007

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    and Merchant Ships] 1 (2004), pp. 46–48. 29. [Zhi Ge], “ : ” [Don’t Be Left without Options: The Place Where the Dream Began], [Naval and...twenty years later, Fred Anderson’s The War That Made Amer- ica clears away with lucid prose and ef- fective narrative style the obscurity that has

  20. 17 CFR 1.27 - Record of investments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    .... (a) Each futures commission merchant which invests customer funds, and each derivatives clearing organization which invests customer funds of its clearing members' customers or option customers, shall keep a... securities so invested; (4) A description of the instruments in which such investments were made, including...

  1. Innovation in tradition. Tönnies Fonne's Russian-German phrasebook (Pskov, 1607)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, Pepijn

    2011-01-01

    The study explores the history of the language of a manuscript known as Tönnies Fonne’s Russian-German Phrasebook (Pskov 1607). The phrasebook is not, as many scholars have assumed, the result of the efforts of a 19-year-old German merchant, who came to Russia to learn the language and who recorded

  2. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Step 3: The bank decrypts CCA with its private key, checks the validity of the credit card and available balance in the credit card account. If it is OK and the customer's digital signature is OK, it authorises the acquirer to proceed with the transaction. Step 4: The acquirer in turn OKs transaction to the merchant and credits his ...

  3. The Practice of Transnational Law

    CERN Document Server

    2000-01-01

    Contents :"The new law merchant and the global market place" by Klaus Peter Berger, "The CENTRAL enquiry on the use of transnational law in international contract law and arbitration", "The UNIDROIT principles and transnational law" by Michael Joachim Bonell, "Examples for the practical application of transnational law", "The questionnaire and results of the CENTRAL enquiry"

  4. An assessment on oil spill trajectory prediction - Case study on oil ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    39

    ) based on. Modular Ocean Model ... about two nautical miles (13.2282º N, 80.3633º E) off Kamarajar Port, Ennore. According to ..... An oil spill occurred off Ennore port, Chennai on 28 January 2017 due to the collision of two merchant vessels.

  5. Pyramids, Balloons, and Squishy Spheres: The Dynamic Context of Military Grade Creep. Volume 1. Executive Summary

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-11-20

    hospitals, industry, court systems, sports , universities, law offices, the foreign service, and the merchant marine. For example, organized baseball and...levels above the lowest and inevitably, upon the military’s« vmr ^e grade. SOME INDICATORS OF GRADF CREEP WITHIN THE CIVILIAN AREA OF GOVERNMENT. A

  6. Tree value conversion standards revisited

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paul S. DeBald; Martin E. Dale; Martin E. Dale

    1991-01-01

    Updated tree value conversion standards (TVCS) are presented for 12 important hardwood species of the oak-hickory forest. These updated standards-developed for each species by butt-log grade, merchantable height, and diameter at breast height-reflect the changes in lumber prices and in conversion costs which have occurred since 1976 when the original TVCS were...

  7. Trade as Exploitation: Perspectives on the Political Economy of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is a study of the commercial operation of the Royal Niger Company and John Holt and Company in the West Niger Igbo area from 1886 to 1930. The activities of the companies in the area heralded significant political economic development, the penetration of merchant capital, the development of trade in palm product, ...

  8. Tables for predicting the slash weight of shortleaf pine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duane R. Freeman; Peter J. Roussopoulos

    1983-01-01

    The tables provided here estimate crown weights of shortleaf pine (Pinus echinata Mill.) from measurements of diameter (d.b.h) and crown ratio, for both a 3-inch and a 4-inch merchantable top. Crown component fractions for standard fuel size classes are also presented.

  9. Essays on Strategy. Hostage Rescue Planning, Maritime Theater Nuclear Capability, Strategic Psychological Operations

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-01-01

    lawa.gnw: (the f irst t LI11IX contaInerized ship In thu i Merchant fleet) had been en rou~tC fromn Hong Kong to S-attlahirp Tha I andm, with a carga , ot...other means; and to strengthen the institutions of democracy through work with labor unions, democratic political parties, media, and universities

  10. extent of use of ict by fish farmers in isoko agricultural zone of delta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Mr. TONY A

    constraints to the use of ATM included fraud (M=1.65), charges on the use of ATM (M=1.22) and ... acceptable to merchants because of fraud and the resultant mistrust that they create. Incidence of bounced ..... perceived risk increases the likelihood of consumer adoption and the opposite is true. Again, the respondents did ...

  11. The East India Company: Agent of Empire in the Early Modern Capitalist Era

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brunton, Bruce

    2013-01-01

    The world economy and political map changed dramatically between the seventeenth and nineteenth centuries. Unprecedented trade linked the continents together and set off a European scramble to discover new resources and markets. European ships and merchants reached across the world, and their governments followed after them, inaugurating the…

  12. A Centuries-long History of Participatory Science in Optical Oceanography: from observation to interpretation of natural water colouring.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wernand, Marcel R.; Novoa, S.; van der Woerd, Hans J; Gieskes, Winfried

    2014-01-01

    Participatory science is not, as perhaps is believed, something of the 21st century. In this manuscript we show that over a century ago it were not only scientists who collected oceanographic data but also merchant sailors. A good example of such globally collected data are Forel-Ule observations,

  13. A Centuries-long History of Participatory Science in Optical Oceanography: from observation to interpretation of natural water colouring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wernand, M.; Novoa, S.; van der Woerd, H.; Gieskes, W.

    2014-01-01

    Participatory science is not, as perhaps is believed, something of the 21st century. In this manuscript we show that over a century ago it were not only scientists who collected oceanographic data but also merchant sailors. A good example of such globally collected data are Forel-Ule

  14. 17 CFR 31.18 - Margin calls.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Margin calls. 31.18 Section 31....18 Margin calls. (a) No leverage transaction merchant shall liquidate a leverage contract because of a margin deficiency without effecting personal contact with the leverage customer. If a leverage...

  15. 17 CFR 1.58 - Gross collection of exchange-set margins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ...-set margins. 1.58 Section 1.58 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION... margins. (a) Each futures commission merchant which carries a commodity futures or commodity option... must deposit, initial and maintenance margin on each position reported in accordance with § 17.04 of...

  16. Guiding the Seafarers: The South African Hydrographic Office and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    As seafarers require a comprehensive record that provides information on coastlines, the seabed and sea conditions, cartography dates back to antiquity. During the early modern period, states and merchant companies employed cartographers to collect and report important nautical information. The Dutch East India ...

  17. Pattern of defect associated with stem stubs on northern hardwoods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alex L. Shigo

    1965-01-01

    Decay and discoloration are the principal defects that reduce quality of northern hardwoods in New England. We need to know how to minimize these defects in young growing stock, and how to recognize them in merchantable trees. To determine accurately the amount of internal defect in trees, we must know the quantitative relationships between external signs on stems and...

  18. 46 CFR 310.66 - Foreign students.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... 46 Shipping 8 2010-10-01 2010-10-01 false Foreign students. 310.66 Section 310.66 Shipping... Training of Midshipmen at the United States Merchant Marine Academy § 310.66 Foreign students. (a.... (f) Admissions Procedure—(1) Applications. Applications for enrollment of foreign students shall be...

  19. Volume estimation of Cryptomeria japonica logs in southern Brazil ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This study aimed to test taper functions and artificial intelligence (AI) models in order to estimate merchantable volumes of Japanese cedar (Cryptomeria japonica) trees in a homogenous plantation in southern Brazil. A total of 30 individuals were rigorously scaled and their total volumes were calculated, including those of ...

  20. Selective cutting, rehabilitation, and alternatives for forests of northeastern North America and elsewhere

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laura S. Kenefic

    2014-01-01

    In the 1928 Journal of Forestry, Marinus Westveld commented that logging in the Northeast dating to the mid-1800s had been selective cutting that removed desirable species of large sizes. Later, commercial clearcuts removed progressively smaller trees of merchantable quality and desirable species. Indiscriminate logging damaged young growing stock...

  1. 48 CFR 3046.793 - Waiver and notification procedures (USCG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... anticipated to be delivered during the life of the program); (2) The specific waiver requested, the duration... may be granted provided that the Committees on Appropriations of the Senate and the House of... Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives are notified, in writing, of the Secretary's...

  2. 48 CFR 3046.790-4 - Waiver (USCG).

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-10-01

    ... number of units delivered and anticipated to be delivered during the life of the program); (2) The... the Senate and the House of Representatives, the Committee on Commerce, Science and Transportation of the Senate, and the Committee on Merchant Marine and Fisheries of the House of Representatives are...

  3. 17 CFR 31.15 - Reporting to leverage customers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... customers. 31.15 Section 31.15 Commodity and Securities Exchanges COMMODITY FUTURES TRADING COMMISSION LEVERAGE TRANSACTIONS § 31.15 Reporting to leverage customers. Each leverage transaction merchant shall furnish in writing directly to each leverage customer: (a) Promptly upon the repurchase, resale...

  4. 17 CFR 1.49 - Denomination of customer funds and location of depositories.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    ... of customer funds and location of depositories. (a) Definitions. For purposes of this section: (1... 17 Commodity and Securities Exchanges 1 2010-04-01 2010-04-01 false Denomination of customer funds... futures commission merchant's obligations to a customer shall be denominated: (i) In the United States...

  5. 7 CFR 46.45 - Procedure in administering section 2(5) of the Act.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ....45 Section 46.45 Agriculture Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE... Act. It is a violation of section 2(5) for a commission merchant, dealer, or broker to misrepresent by...

  6. 7 CFR 46.3 - License required.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    ... Regulations of the Department of Agriculture AGRICULTURAL MARKETING SERVICE (Standards, Inspections, Marketing Practices), DEPARTMENT OF AGRICULTURE MARKETING OF PERISHABLE AGRICULTURAL COMMODITIES REGULATIONS (OTHER... required. (a) No person shall at any time carry on the business of a commission merchant, dealer, or broker...

  7. 75 FR 3281 - Regulation of Off-Exchange Retail Foreign Exchange Transactions and Intermediaries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-20

    ... exchange dealers (``RFEDs'') with the CFTC. Registered futures commission merchants (``FCMs'') that are... regulation of those transactions.\\7\\ \\7\\ Dealers in GNMA Certificates as a Board of Trade, CFTC Staff.... 23, 1985). [T]he Commission wishes to make very clear that any marketing to the general public of...

  8. 78 FR 65605 - Submission for OMB Review; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-11-01

    ... information unless it displays a currently valid OMB control number. Agricultural Marketing Service Title... fair trading practices covering the marketing of fresh and frozen fruits and vegetables [[Page 65606... unfair practices. PACA requires nearly all persons who operate as commission merchants, dealers and...

  9. How traceability is restructuring Malawi's tobacco industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Moyer-Lee, Jason; Prowse, Martin

    This article applies a global value chain framework to tobacco in Malawi. It illuminates how cigarette manufacturers govern the chain and control first-tier suppliers: the leaf merchants. Due to credence and litigation concerns, manufacturers have become obsessed with leaf integrity. Contract...

  10. Developing equations for estimating tree component biomass for naturally regenerated shorteaf pine in southeast Oklahoma with application to biomass partitioning in thinned and unthinned stands

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabin Gyawali; Thomas B. Lynch; Rodney E. Will

    2013-01-01

    Traditionally, the main focus of forest production has usually been to maximize allocation of biomass to merchantable stem wood. But the assessment of biomass partitioning in stands is needed to address management concerns such as stem production and allocation, carbon sequestration, wildland fire, whole tree harvesting, etc. Thinning mainly increases the bole diameter...

  11. Consumer willingness to pay a price premium for standing-dead Alaska yellow-cedar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geoffrey H. Donovan

    2004-01-01

    Alaska yellow-cedar has declined in Southeast Alaska over the past 100 years, resulting in half a million acres of dead or dying trees. The natural decay resistance of Alaska yellow-cedar means that many of these trees are still merchantable. However, the topography of Southeast Alaska is such that selectively harvesting Alaska yellow-cedar may often require helicopter...

  12. Models for estimation of tree volume in the miombo woodlands of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Volume of trees is an important parameter in forest management, but only volume models with limited geographical and tree size coverage have previously been developed for Tanzanian miombo woodlands. This study developed models for estimating total, merchantable stem and branches volume applicable for the entire ...

  13. The rise of the country house in the Dutch Republic : Beyond Johan Huizinga's narrative of Dutch civilisation in the 17th century

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kuiper, Yme; Stobart, Jon; Hann, Andrew

    Was the rise of the country house in the Golden Age of the Dutch Republic above all a 'bourgeois' phenomenon, as Johan Huizinga argued in his famous long essay on Dutch civilisation in the seventeenth century. The article shows that not only the merchants and regents of the city of Amsterdam but

  14. The Impact of New Technologies on Occupational Profiles in the Banking Sector. Case Studies in Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom and France. CEDEFOP Panorama.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vitali, Laurence; Freiche, Jeanine; Matthews, Alison; Warmerdam, John

    The impact of new technologies on occupational profiles in the banking sector was examined through case studies in four European countries: Luxembourg, the Netherlands, the United Kingdom, and France. In each country, three types of banking institutions were studied: merchant (Eurobank); "counter" (universal) bank; and telebank (bank…

  15. Pricing of payment cards, competition, and efficiency : A possible guide for SEPA

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bolt, Wilko; Schmiedel, Heiko

    2013-01-01

    This paper analyzes equilibrium pricing of payment cards and welfare consequences of payment card competition. In particular, we model competition between debit and credit cards. The paper argues that optimal consumer and merchant fees must take safety, income uncertainty, default risk, and the

  16. Collection Development in a Maritime College Library

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fitzpatrick, Jane Brodsky

    2004-01-01

    Collection development in the highly specialized area of the United States merchant marine, which includes navigation, marine engineering, shipping, naval architecture and shipbuilding, and seamanship, requires familiarity with the national and international organizations, governmental and other, which regulate and oversee the marine industry.…

  17. The Sandalwood industry in Australia: a history

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pamela Statham

    1990-01-01

    From its inception in 1805, when it contributed to Sydney merchant incomes from whaling ventures, until today, when it earns several million dollars in export revenue, the sandalwood industry has played a small but significant part in Australia's economic development. The history of the industry falls into three major stages: first is the off-shore exploitation of...

  18. Legal Liability of Children and Parents in North Dakota.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hanson, Randall K.

    Three legal issues are examined: (1) the responsibility of children for breached contracts and the commission of torts; (2) parental liability; and (3) relevant law in North Dakota and other states. The people most affected by the actions of children are parents, merchants, and victims of vandalism. People who enter into contracts with children…

  19. 41 CFR 102-117.145 - What are coastwise laws?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 3 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 false What are coastwise laws... Restrictions That Affect International Transportation of Freight and Household Goods § 102-117.145 What are... emergency (see section 27 of the Merchant Marine Act of 1920, 46 App. U.S.C. 883, 19 CFR 4.80). ...

  20. Chinese Guilds from the Seventeenth to the Twentieth Centuries: An Overview

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Moll-Murata, C.

    2009-01-01

    The Chinese merchant and craft associations that are most similar to European guilds originated in the late sixteenth century. They started to proliferate from the mid-eighteenth century onward and, after the intercession of the Taiping rebellion and the Opium Wars, their numbers soared from the