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Sample records for magnhagen esmail olfati

  1. Anatomy of the cranial nerves in medieval Persian literature: Esmail Jorjani (AD 1042-1137) and The treasure of the Khwarazm shah.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shoja, Mohammadali M; Tubbs, R Shane; Ardalan, Mohammad R; Loukas, Marios; Eknoyan, Garabed; Salter, E George; Oakes, W Jerry

    2007-12-01

    Esmail Jorjani was an influential Persian physician and anatomist of the 12th century who did most of his writing after his seventh decade of life. Jorjani's comprehensive textbook of medicine, Zakhirey-e Khwarazmshahi (The Treasure of the Khwarazm Shah) was written in approximately AD 1112 and is considered to be the oldest medical encyclopedia written in Persian. This was an essential textbook for those studying medicine during this time. We describe the life and times of Jorjani and provide a translation and interpretations of his detailed descriptions of the cranial nerves, which were written almost a millennium ago. Medieval Persian and Muslim scholars have contributed to our current knowledge of the cranial nerves. Some of these descriptions, such as the eloquent ones provided by Jorjani, were original and have gone mostly unknown to post-Vesalian European scholars.

  2. Shahla Babaei Nejad, Hamideh Herizchi Ghadim, Abolfazl Ezzati, Sina Nobahari, Esmail Emami Khatib, Sima Masoudnia

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    Shahla Babaei Nejad

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Psoriasis is a chronic immune disorder that multiple factors are involved in its creation. Psoriasis is not curable but a large number of local and systemic treatments for psoriasis are available that can reduce symptoms and recurrence of the disease. Treatment is selected based on severity of illness, associated comorbidities, patient preference[including costs and convenience], and evaluation of the effectiveness of patient response to treatment. Methods: 94 cases included from patients admitted to the Sina dermatology clinic with diagnosis of psoriasis. They were randomly divided in two groups. First group treated with Calcipotriol alone while the second group treated with calcipotriol and NBUVB phototherapy. Results: According to the results of our study the subjects in the two groups in terms of sex, age, weight, height, history of systemic disease, duration of psoriasis, site of involvement and the extent of the lesions were not significantly differ. An average improvement in lesion thickness, erythema and scaling and investment, and improve overall recovery of waste per week in the fourth, eighth and twelfth week after treatment, In the second group were significantly higher than the first group. Conclusion: Daivonex cream in combination with NBUVB phototherapy has a faster and more recovery in a given time. Daivonex with NBUVB phototherapy can be used to provide better results.

  3. 76 FR 34805 - Designation of Three Entities and One Individual Pursuant to Executive Order 13553

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-14

    ...: Individual MOGHADAM, Ismail Ahmadi (a.k.a. AHMADI-MOGHADDAM, Esma'il; a.k.a. AHMADI-MOQADDAM, Esma'il; a.k.a. MOGHADDAM, Esmaeel Ahmadi; a.k.a. MOGHADDAM, Ismail Ahmadi); DOB 1961; POB Tehran, Iran; Head of...

  4. Boldness by habituation and social interactions : a model

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Oosten, Johanneke E.; Magnhagen, Carin; Hemelrijk, Charlotte K.

    Most studies of animal personality attribute personality to genetic traits. But a recent study by Magnhagen and Staffan (Behav Ecol Sociobiol 57:295-303, 2005) on young perch in small groups showed that boldness, a central personality trait, is also shaped by social interactions and by previous

  5. 77 FR 68820 - Designation of Four (4) Individuals and Five (5) Entities Pursuant to Executive Order 13628 of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-16

    ... individuals and entities is below. Individuals: 1. MOGHADAM, Ismail Ahmadi (a.k.a. AHMADI MOGHADAM, Ismail; a....k.a. AHMADI-MOQADDAM, Esma'il; a.k.a. MOGHADDAM, Esameel Ahmadi; a.k.a. MOGHADDAM, Ismail...

  6. Distributed Receding Horizon Control With Application to Multi-Vehicle Formation Stabilization

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-26

    Proceedings of the American Control Conference , 2001. [15] D. Jia and B...H. Krogh. Min-max feedback model predictive control for distributed control with communication. In Proceedings of the American Control Conference , 2002...graphs and optimization. In Proceedings of the American Control Conference , Denver, CO, 2003. [24] R. Olfati Saber and R. M. Murray.

  7. Comments on "Consensus and Cooperation in Networked Multi-Agent Systems"

    CERN Document Server

    Chebotarev, Pavel

    2010-01-01

    This note corrects a pretty serious mistake and some inaccuracies in "Consensus and cooperation in networked multi-agent systems" by R. Olfati-Saber, J.A. Fax, and R.M. Murray, published in Vol. 95 of the Proceedings of the IEEE (2007, No. 1, P. 215-233). It also mentions several stronger results applicable to the class of problems under consideration and addresses the issue of priority whose interpretation in the above-mentioned paper is not exact.

  8. Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangles 2964, 2966, 3064, and 3066, Shah-Esmail (617), Reg-Alaqadari (618), Samandkhan-Karez (713), Laki-Bander (611), Jahangir-Naweran (612), and Sreh-Chena (707) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefen, Todd M.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; King, Trude V.V.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

    2013-01-01

    This map shows the spatial distribution of selected carbonates, phyllosilicates, sulfates, altered minerals, and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. The map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 μm. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Epidote or chlorite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

  9. Hyperspectral surface materials map of quadrangles 2964, 2966, 3064, and 3066, Shah-Esmail (617), Reg-Alaqadari (618), Samandkhan-Karez (713), Laki-Bander (611), Jahangir-Naweran (612), and Sreh-Chena (707) quadrangles, Afghanistan, showing iron-bearing minerals and other materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoefen, Todd M.; King, Trude V.V.; Kokaly, Raymond F.; Livo, Keith E.; Giles, Stuart A.; Johnson, Michaela R.

    2013-01-01

    This map shows the spatial distribution of selected iron-bearing minerals and other materials derived from analysis of airborne HyMap™ imaging spectrometer (hyperspectral) data of Afghanistan collected in late 2007. This map is one in a series of U.S. Geological Survey/Afghanistan Geological Survey quadrangle maps covering Afghanistan. Flown at an altitude of 50,000 feet (15,240 meters (m)), the HyMap™ imaging spectrometer measured reflected sunlight in 128 channels, covering wavelengths between 0.4 and 2.5 μm. The data were georeferenced, atmospherically corrected and converted to apparent surface reflectance, empirically adjusted using ground-based reflectance measurements, and combined into a mosaic with 23-m pixel spacing. Variations in water vapor and dust content of the atmosphere, in solar angle, and in surface elevation complicated correction; therefore, some classification differences may be present between adjacent flight lines. The reflectance spectrum of each pixel of HyMap™ imaging spectrometer data was compared to the reference materials in a spectral library of minerals, vegetation, water, and other materials. Minerals occurring abundantly at the surface and those having unique spectral features were easily detected and discriminated, while minerals having slightly different compositions but similar spectral features were less easily discriminated; thus, some map classes consist of several minerals having similar spectra, such as “Goethite and jarosite.” A designation of “Not classified” was assigned to the pixel when there was no match with reference spectra.

  10. Sex Education Instruction for Students Who Are Visually Impaired: Recommendations to Guide Practitioners

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kapperman, Gaylen; Kelly, Stacy M.

    2013-01-01

    Individuals with visual impairments (that is, those who are blind or have low vision) do not have the same opportunities to develop their knowledge of sexual health and participate in sex education as their sighted peers (Krupa & Esmail, 2010), although young adults with visual impairments participate in sexual activities at similar rates as their…

  11. Beyond the technological dystopia: surveillance and activism in ‘Black Mirror’ and ‘Mr. Robot’

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    Víctor Hernández-Santaolalla

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available The dangers of technological development have been the subject of many stories over the years, depicting dystopian societies in which the human being has been defeated by his own creation, either because the machines have rebelled against him/her or simply because citizens have been completely alienated and mesmerised by its possibilities. In this direction, this article analyses the representation of information and communications technology (ICT in contemporary tv shows, by focusing on two of the most shocking titles that have impacted in both critics and the audience in recent years: Black Mirror (Channel 4, Charlie Brooker, 2011- and Mr. Robot (USA Network, Sam Esmail, 2015-. These shows offer, a priori, two different visions of an alleged near future. However, far from the initial approach, a deeper analysis allows to discover that the forecast is not too promising and that, in any case, the benefit or the harm does not just lie in the technology itself, but in the use made of it.

  12. Analysis of transpression within contractional fault steps using finite-element method

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nabavi, Seyed Tohid; Alavi, Seyed Ahmad; Mohammadi, Soheil; Ghassemi, Mohammad Reza; Frehner, Marcel

    2017-03-01

    Two-dimensional finite-element modelling of elastic Newtonian rheology is used to compute stress distribution and strain localization patterns in a transpression zone between two pre-existing right-stepping, left-lateral strike-slip fault segments. Three representative fault segment interactions are modelled: underlapping, neutral, and overlapping. The numerical results indicate that at the onset of deformation, displacement vectors are oblique to the regional compression direction (20-90°). The orientations of the local σ1 (the maximum compressive stress) and σ3 (the minimum compressive stress) directions strongly depend on the structural position within the transpression zone. For neutral and overlapping fault steps, there is a contractional linking damage zone between the fault segments. For overlapping faults, the σ1 trajectories within the transpression zone deflects significantly forming a sigmoidal pattern, which is created by two rotational flow patterns close to the fault tips. These flow patterns are related to friction effects and different shear deformation, from pure shear outside of the fault steps toward simple shear along the fault segments. Interaction between the two fault segments perturbs the stress field and reflects the heterogeneous nature of deformation. A lozenge- (for underlapping steps), rhomboidal- (for neutral steps), and sigmoidal-shaped (for overlapping steps) transpression zone developed between the two segments. The modelled mean stress pattern shows a similar pattern to that of the contractional steps, and decrease and increase in underlapping and overlapping fault steps, respectively. Comparison of the Kuh-e-Hori transpression zone, between the Esmail-abad and West Neh left-stepping right-lateral strike-slip fault segments in SE Iran, with the modelling results shows strong similarities with the neutral step configuration.

  13. Bone mass density estimation: Archimede’s principle versus automatic X-ray histogram and edge detection technique in ovariectomized rats treated with germinated brown rice bioactives

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    Muhammad SI

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Sani Ismaila Muhammad,1,2 Ismail Maznah,1,3 Rozi Binti Mahmud,4 Maher Faik Esmaile,5 Zuki Abu Bakar Zakaria6 1Laboratory of Molecular Biomedicine, Institute of Bioscience, 2Department of Pharmacology and Toxicology, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto, Nigeria; 3Department of Nutrition and Dietetics, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, 4Department of Radiology, Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences, 5Department of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering, 6Department of Pre-clinical Studies, Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, University Putra Malaysia, Selangor, Malaysia Background: Bone mass density is an important parameter used in the estimation of the severity and depth of lesions in osteoporosis. Estimation of bone density using existing methods in experimental models has its advantages as well as drawbacks. Materials and methods: In this study, the X-ray histogram edge detection technique was used to estimate the bone mass density in ovariectomized rats treated orally with germinated brown rice (GBR bioactives, and the results were compared with estimated results obtained using Archimede’s principle. New bone cell proliferation was assessed by histology and immunohistochemical reaction using polyclonal nuclear antigen. Additionally, serum alkaline phosphatase activity, serum and bone calcium and zinc concentrations were detected using a chemistry analyzer and atomic absorption spectroscopy. Rats were divided into groups of six as follows: sham (nonovariectomized, nontreated; ovariectomized, nontreated; and ovariectomized and treated with estrogen, or Remifemin®, GBR-phenolics, acylated steryl glucosides, gamma oryzanol, and gamma amino-butyric acid extracted from GBR at different doses. Results: Our results indicate a significant increase in alkaline phosphatase activity, serum and bone calcium, and zinc and ash content in the treated groups compared with the ovariectomized

  14. Assessing the existing context and proposed plan of Yazd historical texture from the point of access to emergency services using network analysis

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    M. Khalili

    2012-01-01

    the city using GIS (Case study: Karaj city, M.A Thesis, Tarbiat Moddares University, Department o Geography.Pourahmadi, Ahmad, Hatami nejad, Hussein, & Hosseini, Seyed Hadi (2006, Pathology of urban development projects in the country, Geographical Research Quaterly, No 58 (wnter, pp29-54.Pourahmadi, Ahmad & Shmaei, Ali (2001, Physical development of Yazd city and its impact on population structure of the old fabric of city, Journal of Social Sciences Letter, No 18 (fall & winter, pp3-30.Purghayoumi, Hossein (210, An Analysis of Spatial and Location Distribution of Urban Services of Kazerun City by GIS, M.A Thesis, Supervisor: Mohammadi, Jamal, Adviser: Zarrabi, Asghar, Isfahan University, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Department o Geography.Pourmohammadi, Mohammadreza & Taghipour, Aliakbar (2010, Evaluation of educational Land use Site Selection in Shahroud, geographical space Quarterly, No 32 (winter, pp 1-27.Torabi, Kamal (2009,Investigating the role of street networks on mitigating earthquake’s effects; case study 6th zone of Tehran, emphasizing on district1,M.A Thesis, Supervisor sheae, Esmaeil, Adviser: Habibi, Kumars, Elm o Sanat university, Department of Urban &Regional PlanningRazavian, Mohammad Taghi (2002, Urban land use planning,Monshi Publications, Tehran.Zareie, Yasser (210, An Analysis of Spatial Distribution and Location of Urban Services of Noorabad City by GIS, M.A Thesis, Supervisor: Mohammadi, Jamal, Adviser: Zarrabi, Asghar, Isfahan University, Faculty of Literature and Human Sciences, Department o Geography.Zebardast, Esfandiar & Mohhamafi, Asal (2005, Site Selection of Relief centers (in terms of earthquake using GIS and AHP Multi Criteria Evaluation, Fine Arts Quaterly, N21 (spring, pp 5-16.Zariuni, Mohammadreza (1980 , Urban Transportation Planning, Dehkhoda Publications, Tehran.Sha’abani, Ahmad (2005, Site Selection of medical centers (EMS using GIS, M.A Thesis, Elm o Sanat umiversity.Shiae, Esmail, Habibi, Kumars & Torabi