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Sample records for madrid durante 1999-2000

  1. EVOLUCIÓN DEL SARAMPIÓN, RUBÉOLA Y PAROTIDITIS DESDE LA III ENCUESTA DE SEROVIGILANCIA DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID 1999-2000 (III ESVCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Carlos Sanz Moreno

    2009-01-01

    sexo. En la Comunidad de Madrid la circulación del virus de la parotiditis ha continuado desde 1999 hasta la actualidad y se han detectado ondas epidémicas en los periodos 2000-2001 y 2006- 2007. Durante el período 2006-2007 una importante proporción de los casos presentaron antecedentes de vacunación. Cada una de estas tres enfermedades presenta características propias. Sin embargo, las tres muestran en común el cambio en la edad de aparición con una frecuencia cada vez mayor de casos entre adultos jóvenes.

  2. Análisis de la campaña publicitaria de la marca de tabaco Fortuna durante el bienio 1999-2000

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    Sarría-Santamera Antonio

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La mayor parte de la publicidad que sobre tabaco se emite actualmente en España va dirigida a la población joven. Esta publicidad resulta particularmente atractiva para este colectivo, al que se trata de llegar desde frentes muy diversos. En el presente trabajo se analizan las distintas actividades incluidas en la campaña publicitaria realizada por Fortuna (perteneciente a Tabacalera, SA y líder de ventas del sector en España durante los años 1999 y 2000. El análisis de dicha publicidad permite concluir que la estrategia de Fortuna es presentar el tabaco como intrínsecamente unido con una serie de valores positivos atractivos a la juventud. Tanto la promoción indirecta de los productos de Fortuna como los anuncios de la marca intentan crear la imagen de que el tabaco simboliza los valores más apreciados por los jóvenes. La legislación al respecto debería adaptarse a esta realidad, a fin de controlar de manera más precisa los mensajes publicitarios que, como los de Fortuna, se dirigen a la población.

  3. ANÁLISIS DE LA CAMPAÑA PUBLICITARIA DE LA MARCA DE TABACO FORTUNA DURANTE EL BIENIO 1999-2000

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    Antonio Sarría Santamera

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La mayor parte de la publicidad que sobre tabaco se emite actualmente en España va dirigida a la población joven. Esta publicidad resulta particularmente atractiva para este colectivo, al que se trata de llegar desde frentes muy diversos. En el presente trabajo se analizan las distintas actividades incluidas en la campaña publicitaria realizada por Fortuna (perteneciente a Tabacalera, SA y líder de ventas del sector en España durante los años 1999 y 2000. El análisis de dicha publicidad permite concluir que la estrategia de Fortuna es presentar el tabaco como intrínsecamente unido con una serie de valores positivos atractivos a la juventud. Tanto la promoción indirecta de los productos de Fortuna como los anuncios de la marca intentan crear la imagen de que el tabaco simboliza los valores más apreciados por los jóvenes. La legislación al respecto debería adaptarse a esta realidad, a fin de controlar de manera más precisa los mensajes publicitarios que, como los de Fortuna, se dirigen a la población.

  4. Crisis teatral en Madrid durante el Trienio Liberal

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    Fernández Cabezón, Rosalía

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available In the spring and summer of 1820, the Madrid City Hall systematically failed to comply with the Reglamento de Teatros dictated by the Regency in 1812. The directors of the two troupes, Bernardo Gil and Antonio González, attempted in vain to have the constitutional laws enforced. This provoked a serious crisis made worse by the fact that the spectators also showed a preference for other more political venues. The lack of response on the part of the local authorities led the directors to cancel performances for several days in August and to publish a Manifiesto explaining their decision. When, for the following season, the aldermen drew up a new set of regulations which once again contravened the Regency’s Regulations, Bernardo Gil proposed his own Proyecto de Reforma, dated en April of 1821. Apart from a comprehensive proposal for theatrer reform he advances sound arguments defending the actors’ rights as citizens who make an honest living in an honorable profession.El Ayuntamiento madrileño, en la primavera y verano de 1820, incumple sistemáticamente el Reglamento de Teatros aprobado por la Regencia en 1812, por lo cual los directores de las dos compañías cómicas, Bernardo Gil y Antonio González, efectuarán infructuosas gestiones a fin de que el Consistorio aplique las leyes constitucionales, lo que provoca una grave crisis teatral agudizada porque los espectadores prefieren acudir a otros recintos de carácter más político. Ante la falta de respuesta de las autoridades locales los directores suspenden las funciones durante unos días en el mes de agosto y publican un Manifiesto en el que justifican su postura. Para la temporada siguiente los regidores municipales elaboran una normativa que contraviene el ordenamiento teatral de la Regencia, de ahí que Bernardo Gil redacte un Proyecto de Reforma, fechado en abril de 1821, en el que además de una propuesta dramática integral defenderá con sólidos argumentos los derechos que

  5. Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李琳

    2005-01-01

    The capital of Spain since 1562, Madrid is located on the geographic center of the Iberian Peninsula. Because of its central location and high altitude, the climate of Madrid is characterized by warm dry summers and cool winters. Madrid is a city of great monuments. Among its highlights are the medieval center dating back to the Habsburg Empire and the Prado Museum. "El Madrid de los Austrias" is how Spaniards call the part of

  6. The Indigenous World, 1999-2000 = El Mundo Indigena, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erni, Christian, Comp.; Parellada, Alejandro, Comp.

    This annual publication (published separately in English and Spanish) examines political, social, environmental, and educational issues concerning indigenous peoples around the world during 1999-2000. Part 1 highlights news events and ongoing situations in specific countries in nine world regions: the Arctic, North America, Mexico and Central…

  7. The Indigenous World, 1999-2000 = El Mundo Indigena, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erni, Christian, Comp.; Parellada, Alejandro, Comp.

    This annual publication (published separately in English and Spanish) examines political, social, environmental, and educational issues concerning indigenous peoples around the world during 1999-2000. Part 1 highlights news events and ongoing situations in specific countries in nine world regions: the Arctic, North America, Mexico and Central…

  8. El Real Madrid, ?"equipo de Espana"? Futbol e identidades durante el franquismo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gonzalez Calleja, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    ... de las identidades nacionales. Palabras clave: deporte, franquismo, fútbol, identidad nacional, Real Madrid C. de F. Real Madrid, "team of Spain"? Football and identities during the francoism Abstract: In the 50s and 60s of the last century, Real Madrid Club of Football became the sportive herald of "Spanish miracle", generating in Spain and abroad a wav...

  9. Los viajes de los “dementes” del Provincial de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939.

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    Olga Villasante Armas

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este trabajo es conocer los traslados de pacientes psiquiátricos desde el Hospital Provincial de Madrid a diversas instituciones durante la Guerra Civil española (1936-1939. El material utilizado procede, fundamentalmente, del fondo documental del Archivo Regional de la Comunidad de Madrid (XII-1936 a IX-1938. La necesidad de evacuar la Clínica Provincial de Madrid de enfermos crónicos les llevó a largos viajes hasta establecimientos psiquiátricos en la costa mediterránea como los de Alicante, Murcia o Almería, donde quedaron internos los dementes. Sin embargo, estas medidas no fueron suficientes y, posteriormente, se realizaron traslados al Instituto Psiquiátrico de Alcalá de Henares y a Saelices (Cuenca e, incluso, fue preciso utilizar instituciones religiosas como en Almagro o un balneario real como La Isabela en Guadalajara.

  10. Special Trapping Regulations: 1999 - 2000 Season: Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This document outlines trapping regulations for the 1999-2000 trapping season on Shiawassee NWR. Summaries of the last ten seasons are also included.

  11. El Real Madrid, ?"equipo de Espana"? Futbol e identidades durante el franquismo

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Gonzalez Calleja, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    .... Esta imagen del Real Madrid como entidad deportiva de exito internacional sirve de excusa para hacer una reflexion sobre las relaciones que se suelen establecer entre el deporte y el poder politico...

  12. El papel del Real Madrid en los medios de comunicación durante la época franquista

    OpenAIRE

    González Sánchez, Miriam

    2015-01-01

    Se analiza el tratamiento informativo del que el Real Madrid fue objeto durante la dictadura. Debido a sus éxitos, que elevaron al club blanco a los altares del fútbol, se expuso que, con la presión del régimen dictatorial, la prensa de esos años utilizó los triunfos del equipo para inyectar la propaganda política del régimen en la sociedad y mejorar la imagen exterior del país

  13. La ganadería lanar en Madrid y su tierra durante la Edad Media

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    Tomás Puñal Fernández

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio de la ganadería en general y ovina en particular ofrece un campo muy generoso de investigación porque permite conocer muchas de las estructuras socioeconómicas regionales y locales de un país o territorio. En el caso de Madrid dicho estudio es importante por cuanto en el conjunto de las labores agropecuarias del concejo, las ganaderas fueron las que mejor marcaron su desarrollo económico. La tierra madrileña es tierra de ganado, sobre todo lanar, y ello fue el punto de referencia de diversas actividades económicas que iban desde el abastecimiento de carne para la alimentación hasta la obtención de materia prima, lana y pieles, para las industrias textil y del cuero. Para tener una visión más amplia e interdisciplinar el presente estudio se ha hecho desde una doble perspectiva económica y social. Desde la ganadería estante y local a la trashumante, con especial mención a la Mesta y toda su problemática, así como los aspectos cuantitativos derivados del número de ovejas y el tamaño y tipo de los rebaños y sus aspectos fiscales concomitantes. En relación a ello toda la infraestructura de pastos y cañadas. Los aspectos sociales se refieren a los propietarios de ovejas como una oligarquía rural de labradores enriquecidos, así como a los trabajadores del ganado, es decir los pastores, sus contratos, salarios y condiciones de vida. En conjunto el panorama que se ofrece es muy significativo y permite acercarnos un poco más a la realidad socioeconómica del Madrid medieval.The study of the livestock in general and sheep in particular, offers a huge field to research as it allows to know many of the local and regional socioeconomíc structures of a city or country. In the case of Madrid, that study is important because the sheep livestock is, among the rest of the agricultural activities, the main one for its contribution to the economic development. Madrid is a livestock área, mainly for sheep, as the point of

  14. Wind energy department: Scientific and technical progress 1999 - 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Skrumsager, B.; Larsen, G. [eds.

    2001-01-01

    The activities of the Wind Energy Department fall within boundary layer meteorology, atmospheric turbulence, aerodynamics, aero-acoustics, structural dynamics, machine and construction technology and design of power systems and power system controls. The objective is to develop methods for design; test and siting of wind turbines; prediction of wind loads and wind resources as well as methods to determine the dispersion, transformation and effect of air pollution. The present report describes the organisation of the department and presents selected scientific highlights and results from the two-year period 1999-2000. (au)

  15. Wind energy report Germany 1999/2000. Annual evaluation of WMEP; Windenergie Report Deutschland 1999/2000. Jahresauswertung des WMEP

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Durstewitz, M.; Ensslin, C.; Hahn, B.; Hoppe-Klipper, M.; Rohrig, K. (comps.)

    2001-07-01

    The 1999/2000 issue of the annual evaluations of the scientific measurement and evaluation programme (WMEP) is the tenth regular publication of operational results from the wind turbines included in the ''250 MW Wind'' funding programme. Besides depicting the current state of the technology, a reflection on the long-term and successful development of this still young technology is offered. With the approval of a fourth project phase (2000 - 2004) it has been ensured that, also in coming years, particular attention can be paid to long-term behaviour in regard to reliability, life span and operational costs. (orig.) [German] Die vorliegende Jahresauswertung 1999/2000 des ''wissenschaftlichen mess- und evaluierungsprogramms'' (WMEP) stellt bereits die zehnte Ausgabe der regelmaessigen Veroeffentlichung von Betriebsergebnissen der Windenergieanlagen im Foerderprogramm ''250 MW Wind'' dar. Sie bietet damit neben der Darstellung des aktuellen Stands der Technik auch einen Rueckblick auf die langjaehrige und erfolgreiche Entwicklung dieser noch jungen Technologie. Mit dem Auftrag einer vierten Projektphase (zunaechst 2000 bis 2002) ist sichergestellt, dass auch in den kommenden Jahren besonders auf das Langzeitverhalten hinsichtlich Zuverlaessigkeit, Lebensdauer und Betriebskosten eingegangen werden kann. (orig.)

  16. Planeamiento y desarrollo urbano de Madrid durante los últimos 40 años (1963-2002): expansión de la ciudad, salto metropolitano y estructuración interna

    OpenAIRE

    López de Lucio, Ramón

    2003-01-01

    López de Lucio, Ramón: “Planeamiento y desarrollo urbano de Madrid durante los últimos 40 años (1963-2002): expansión de la ciudad, salto metropolitano y estructuración interna”. En el libro “Arquitectura de Madrid”, Tomo I, Ed. COAM, Madrid, 2004.

  17. Astrophysical Dynamics 1999/2000 Merging Research and Education

    CERN Document Server

    Romeo, A B

    2000-01-01

    The workshop `Astrophysical Dynamics 1999/2000' followed a homonymous advanced research course, and both activities were organized by me. In this opening paper of the proceedings book, I describe them and document their strong impact on the academic life of the local institutions. The advanced research course was open to graduate students, senior researchers, and motivated under-graduate students with good background in physics and mathematics. The course covered several multi-disciplinary issues of modern research on astrophysical dynamics, and thus also of interest to physicists, mathematicians and engineers. The major topic was gas dynamics, viewed in context with stellar dynamics and plasma physics. The course was complemented by parallel seminars on hot topics given by experts in such fields, and open to a wide scientific audience. In particular, I gave a friendly introduction to wavelets, which are becoming an increasingly powerful tool not only for processing signals and images but also for analysing f...

  18. Atomic Energy of Canada Limited annual report 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This is the annual report of the Atomic Energy of Canada Limited for the year ending March 31, 2000, and summarizes the activities of AECL during the period 1999-2000. The activities covered in this report include the CANDU reactor business, with the completion of the Wolsong unit 4 in the Republic of Korea, progress in the construction of two CANDU reactors for the Qinshan CANDU project in China, as well as the service business with Ontario Power Generation in the rehabilitation and life extension of operating CANDU reactors. In the R and D programs there is on-going effort towards the next generation of reactor technologies for CANDU nuclear power plants, discussions continue on the funding for the Canadian Neutron Facility for materials research (CNF) and progress being made on the Maple medical isotope reactor.

  19. Annual Trapping Program Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge 1999-2000

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — This report outlines the refuge plans, furbearer management objectives by unit, and rationale for trapping in the 1999-2000 season. This includes the schedule and...

  20. Polen atmosférico de Olea europaea L. en Madrid (Ciudad Universitaria y Aranjuez durante los años 1994-1997

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    Sáenz Laín, Concepción

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available The results of four years of study (1994-1997 of the atmospheric levéis of pollen from Olea europaea L. in Madrid and Aranjuez are presented. The principal pollination period (PPP for each year and each season were calculated, using the mean daily concentrations, and fell between weeks 16 and 26, with maximum daily valúes registered between 3rd May and 7th June. The presence of olive pollen was greater in Aranjuez than in Madrid (mean 3,307 grains of pollen/year and 2,123 grains/year, respectively. The pollen season was similar in each locality. A preliminary comparison of pollen data with temperature and precipitation seems to indicates that accumulated pre-season temperatures, but not rainfall, can have decisive influence on the initiation of pollination. His nuclear what influence rainfall has on the account of pollen collected.Presentamos los resultados obtenidos durante cuatro años de estudio (1994-1997 del contenido atmosférico de polen de Olea europaea L. en Madrid (Ciudad Universitaria y en Aranjuez. A partir de las concentraciones medias diarias, hemos calculado el Período de Polinización Principal (PPP para cada año y cada estación, que se ha producido siempre entre las semanas 16 y 26, con valores máximos diarios registrados entre el 3 de mayo y el 7 de junio. La presencia del polen de olivo ha sido mayor en Aranjuez que en Madrid (media del período, 3.307 granos de polen/año y 2.123, respectivamente. Las estación polínica transcurre de forma similar en ambas localidades. De una primera comparación de los datos polínicos con los datos de temperatura y precipitación, parece deducirse que las temperaturas acumuladas durante el período preestacional pueden tener una influencia decisiva en el inicio de la polinización, no así las precipitaciones. Tampoco parece clara su influencia sobre el total anual de polen recogido.

  1. La autoconstrucción de Madrid durante el franquismo: el Pozo del Tío Raimundo

    OpenAIRE

    Burbano Trimiño, Francisco Andrés

    2015-01-01

    A mediados de la década de 1950, en la periferia de Madrid se podía contemplar un paisaje teñido de cuevas, barracas, chabolas, y todo tipo de construcciones precarias. La compra de parcelas calificadas como no edificables y la autoconstrucción de sus viviendas, se convirtieron en la única alternativa con la cual procurase un techo para miles de familias, afectando principalmente a una inmigración rural que nunca había dejado de llegar a la capital. En este Trabajo de Fin de Máster se realiza...

  2. SOFTWARE REVIEW: Oxford Personal Revision Guides: A-level Physics 1999/2000 Syllabus GCSE Physics 1999/2000 Syllabus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Kerry

    2000-09-01

    although I was asked for my exam board when I constructed my revision timetable, this didn't appear to make any difference to the content I was given to work through. I was recommended to get the current syllabus from the board's website, but given that this CD is aimed specifically at the 1999-2000 syllabus we might have hoped.... There are some advantages to having an electronic version of a book, of course. These CDs will allow a student to copy text and paste it into their own revision notes, and also the beautiful pictures can be printed. With imaginative support there is a lot more you could do with a resource like this. Inevitably, there are still lots of bugs, mistakes and problems. For example, the diagnostic pre-test to indicate my weak areas was `currently not available' for the A-level revision programme, while as a GCSE student I faced a very daunting diagnostic test. (It wasn't just that the questions were difficult - the test is two hours long, with a stop clock counting down the minutes!) Having played with the programs for a while, I still can't see how to get the answers to the questions. (Each test question has a `show me the answer' button, but I couldn't get it to work!) At the end of each test you get a summary score, but I couldn't get it to tell me which questions I had got wrong! There seems to have been a bit of a mix-up with the commentaries for the animations. Many of the commentaries simply tell you to `click to start the animation'. This was very frustrating in some of the sequences - for example, the evolution of the Sun is shown very nicely animated on a Hertzsprung-Russell diagram, but the text that explains this evolution remains unspoken - and unread, of course, if you are a student watching the sequence. And there are the usual errors in text and graphics which inevitably get into textbooks. Multimedia is not exempt, for example, from diffraction at a wide slit producing no central maximum, there was no arrow for my iron core to label

  3. Objetivo Madrid: planes de ocupación y concepción del orden público durante la Guerra Civil española

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    Pérez-Olivares García, Alejandro

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at Spanish Civil War and violence in those days from a different point of view. On the one hand, I try to explain the military coup of July 1936 as a reaction against the experience of Modernity in the spanish cities, focusing on Madrid. On the other, I try to go in depth into the functional logic of violence instead of the hegemonic historiographical proposals. It is necessary to explain the sequence 2nd Republic-Coup-War in the mid-long range to understand the significance of Francoist Public Order model. Using the occupation plan for Madrid by Franco’s Headquarters and Servicio de Recuperación de Documentos paperwork, this article attempts to get the Dictatorship’s view about public space and sociocultural transformations in the early decades of XXth Century.El presente texto pretende ofrecer una nueva visión sobre la Guerra Civil y la violencia ejercida en su marco. Por un lado, trata de explicar la sublevación de 1936 como una reacción al proceso de Modernidad experimentado principalmente en la España urbana, y concretamente en Madrid. Por otro, procura adentrarse en la lógica funcional de la violencia en detrimento de los presupuestos exterministas dominantes en la historiografía española. Es necesario ampliar la secuencia explicativa II República-sublevación-guerra para comprender el 18 de julio desde unos parámetros más dilatados, que proyectan las expresiones de la violencia durante el conflicto hacia la posguerra a través de la gestión del orden público. Mediante el Servicio de Recuperación de Documentos y del Cuartel General del Generalísimo se documenta el plan de ocupación para Madrid. Una fuente sin duda novedosa para comprender la concepción franquista de lo que debía ser el espacio público y comprobar cómo se materializaron las bases sobre las que debía construirse el rechazo a los cambios producidos en el primer tercio del siglo xx, percibidos como una amenaza a los valores

  4. La transición de la manzana cerrada al bloque abierto en la ciudad de Madrid durante la primera mitad del siglo XX

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Angel Cristobal Araujo

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumenLa motivación que impulsa la investigación es profundizar en el cambio de paradigma que se produce en la construcción de la vivienda colectiva en Madrid durante la primera mitad del siglo XX. El trabajo estudia aquellas obras de vivienda residencial colectiva, que en su diseño, muestran una evolución de la manzana cerrada decimonónica al bloque abierto, como referencia de los postulados del Movimiento Moderno. La metodología empleada limita las obras de estudio según su localización geográfica, año de construcción y tipología constructiva. El estudio y los datos del trabajo se obtienen del levantamiento digital realizado por la Comunidad de Madrid en 2004 y la visita in situ a las obras, durante el periodo de realización del trabajo (enero/junio 2013. Más allá de las aportaciones numéricas del estudio, las conclusiones aportan la división en tres fases de esta transición; la primera en la que el solar es producto de la subdivisión de una manzana cerrada. En la segunda fase, el edificio ocupa la totalidad de la manzana, pero los espacios públicos no son accesibles al peatón. Y en tercer lugar, el solar pierde la condición geométrica cuadrangular de la manzana cerrada y los espacios públicos son libremente accesibles.Palabras claveMovimiento Moderno, vivienda residencial colectiva.AbstractThe motivation behind the research is to deepen the paradigm shift that occurs in the construction of collective housing in Madrid during the first half of the twentieth century. The paper examines those works of collective residential housing , which in its design, show an evolution of the city block to open block, by reference to the principles of the Modern Movement. The methodology used to study the works, was limited by geographic location, year of construction and type of construction. The study and work data obtained from digital survey conducted by the Community of Madrid in 2004 and the site visit to the works, during the

  5. Credit market access in Uganda: evidence from household survey data 1999/2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    FN Okurut

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the individual and household characteristics that influenced credit market access in Uganda using household data for 1999/2000. The results suggest that credit market access was significantly influenced by gender, household wealth, age, regional location, and urban/rural location.

  6. Student Transfer Guide and General Education Articulation Matrix, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Louisiana State Board of Regents, Baton Rouge.

    The Louisiana State Board of Regents' 1999-2000 Student Transfer Guide and General Education Articulation Matrix represents Louisiana public higher education's ongoing effort to improve the transfer process. The courses in this guide's matrix are typically referred to as "general education" or "core curriculum" courses. Students should note that…

  7. Antimicrobial resistance in respiratory pathogens isolated in Brazil during 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Critchley Ian A.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available The in vitro antimicrobial susceptibility of the respiratory pathogens Streptococcus pneumoniae, Haemophilus influenzae, and Moraxella catarrhalis to commonly tested and prescribed agents was investigated during 1999-2000 and compared with results obtained during a previous 1997-1998 study. Of 448 isolates of S. pneumoniae collected and tested in 1999-2000, 77.2% were susceptible, 19.9% were intermediate, and 2.9% were resistant to penicillin, demonstrating that there were no major changes in susceptibility to penicillin from 1997-1998 (77.1% susceptible, 18.7% intermediate, 4.2% resistant. All S. pneumoniae isolates from 1999-2000 were susceptible to levofloxacin and vancomycin, and >90% were susceptible to the beta-lactams (amoxicillin-clavulanate, ceftriaxone, and cefuroxime and macrolides (azithromycin and clarithromycin, showing that susceptibility to these agents also remained unchanged since 1997-1998. The most notable increase in resistance between the two studies was demonstrated by trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole, which increased from 23.4% to 38.6%. Penicillin resistance correlated with resistance to beta-lactams, macrolides, and trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole in both studies. In H. influenzae, the prevalence of beta-lactamase-producing isolates remained unchanged (10.6% in 1999-2000; 11.0% in 1997-1998. All H. influenzae isolates were susceptible to levofloxacin, ceftriaxone, cefuroxime, and azithromycin, and showed no change between the two studies. Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxazole resistance was present in 40.1% of isolates in 1999-2000, and in 45.2% in 1997-1998. In M. catarrhalis, the prevalence of beta-lactamase-producing isolates was unchanged (97.9% in 1999-2000; 98.0% in 1997-1998. The most active agents against M. catarrhalis were azithromycin (MIC90, <0.03 mug/ml and levofloxacin (MIC90, 0.03 mug/ml. Overall, these results suggest that, in Brazil, between 1999-2000 and 1997-1998, there have been no significant changes in the

  8. Snowpack chemistry at selected sites in Colorado and New Mexico during winter 1999-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ingersoll, George P.

    2000-01-01

    Snowpacks at two high-elevation (> 3,000 m) sampling sites near McPhee and Sanchez Reservoirs in southern Colorado were selected to collect representative samples of atmospheric deposition to the surrounding watersheds during winter 1999-2000. In February 2000, annual snowpacks at two sites were sampled to determine concentrations of nitrate and sulfate; concentrations of the trace elements arsenic, mercury, and selenium; and the sulfur isotope ratios that result from atmospheric deposition to the area. Snowpack chemistry data at the two sites sampled in 1999-2000 are compared to 1993-99 averages at 10 other snow-sampling sites in Colorado and New Mexico that generally are downwind of the Four Corners area of the southwestern United States. Although concentrations of ammonium and nitrate in the 1999-2000 snowpacks were fairly typical compared to averages established at nearby sites in southern Colorado and northern New Mexico, chloride and sulfate concentrations were below the 1993-99 average, while arsenic, mercury, and selenium in snow were much below the 1993-99 average. However, very similar sulfur-isotope ratios (that are not a function of precipitation amounts) deposited in snowpacks at the nearby sites indicate the snowpack chemistries at the new sampling locations near McPhee and Sanchez reservoirs were affected by similar sources of sulfate. Representative samples of coal burned during the 1999-2000 snowfall season at three power plants near Four Corners also were analyzed for sulfur content and trace elements. Results from separate, independent laboratories show similar concentrations and provide an initial baseline that will be used for general comparisons of coal chemistry to snowpack chemistry.

  9. Evaluating the Effectiveness of the 1999-2000 NASA CONNECT Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pinelli, Thomas E.; Frank, Kari Lou

    2002-01-01

    NASA CONNECT is a standards-based, integrated mathematics, science, and technology series of 30-minute instructional distance learning (satellite and television) programs for students in grades 6-8. Each of the five programs in the 1999-2000 NASA CONNECT series included a lesson, an educator guide, a student activity or experiment, and a web-based component. In March 2000, a mail (self-reported) survey (booklet) was sent to a randomly selected sample of 1,000 NASA CONNECT registrants. A total of 336 surveys (269 usable) were received by the established cut-off date. Most survey questions employed a 5-point Likert-type response scale. Survey topics included (1) instructional technology and teaching, (2) instructional programming and technology in the classroom, (3) the NASA CONNECT program, (4) classroom use of computer technology, and (5) demographics. About 73% of the respondents were female, about 92% identified "classroom teacher" as their present professional duty, about 90% worked in a public school, and about 62% held a master's degree or master's equivalency. Regarding NASA CONNECT, respondents reported that (1) they used the five programs in the 1999-2000 NASA CONNECT series; (2) the stated objectives for each program were met (4.54); (3) the programs were aligned with the national mathematics, science, and technology standards (4.57); (4) program content was developmentally appropriate for grade level (4.17); and (5) the programs in the 1999-2000 NASA CONNECT series enhanced/enriched the teaching of mathematics, science, and technology (4.51).

  10. Avistamientos del delfín manchado, Stenella attenuata (Cetacea: Delphinidae en Bahía Culebra, Costa Rica, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karina Rodríguez Sáenz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Paralelo a un estudio de zooplancton (1999-2000, se hicieron observaciones a bordo de un bote inflable, sobre la presencia o ausencia de delfines a lo largo de un transecto (~8 km long en la parte central de Bahía Culebra (24 km² , Golfo de Papagayo. Se realizaron 34 muestreos en total y hubo avistamientos de delfines en 20 de ellos. La única especie de cetáceo observado en la Bahía fue el delfín manchado (Stenella attenuata. Estos avistamientos fueron más frecuentes durante la época lluviosa, en particular durante el mes de mayo de ambos años. La presencia de S. attenuata en Bahía Culebra podría estar asociada a la abundancia de presas potenciales como peces y moluscos (calamares, como se evidencia por las estadísticas pesqueras disponibles para la zona Pacífica de Costa RicaParallel to a zooplankton study (1999-2000 observations were made (from an inflatable boat, on the presence of dolphins along a transect (~8 km long on the axis of Culebra Bay (24 km² , Gulf of Papagayo, Pacific coast of Costa Rica. Dolphins were found during 20 of the 31 boat surveys conducted. The only species of cetacean found in the bay was Stenella attenuata, the spotted dolphin. These sightings were more frequent during the rainy season, particularly during the month of May of both years. The presence of S. attenuata in Culebra Bay might be associated to the abundances of fish and mollusks (their presumed prey: for example, squids, as evidenced by fishery statistics available for this zone of the Pacific coast of Costa Rica

  11. Secular trends in adiposity in Norwegian 9-year-olds from 1999-2000 to 2005

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kolle, Elin; Steene-Johannessen, Jostein; Holme, Ingar

    2009-01-01

    and fat distribution by investigating changes in waist circumference (WC) and skinfold thicknesses. METHODS: A total of 859 9-year-olds were included in two cross-sectional studies conducted in 1999-2000 and 2005. Measurements of body mass index (BMI; in kg/m2), WC and skinfold thicknesses were taken...... nor the children of non-Western origin showed a significant increase in the prevalence of overweight over the five-year period. No changes were observed for mean BMI, while a significant increase in WC was reported for both girls and boys, and an increase in all skinfold measurements was observed...... in girls only. Shifts in percentile distribution were observed for BMI, WC and sum of 4 skinfold thickness, however, the shift appeared to be faster in the upper end of the population distribution (p

  12. DARI MEMORIA PASSIONIS KE FORERI: SEJARAH POLITIK PAPUA 1999-2000

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    I Ngurah Suryawan

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper focuses on Papua memory of suffering in the tragedies of violations against humanity (memoria passionis under the authority of the Indonesian Government with brutal military actions. Memoria Passionis was also a foundation of social movement in the urban people of Papua in 1999-2000. FORERI (Forum Rekonsiliasi Rakyat Irian Jaya – Forum of the Irian Jaya People’s Reconciliation and PDP (Presidium Dewan Papua- Papuan Presidium Council were educated local elites who struggled for Papua freedom peacefully. FORERI then transformed into Tim 100 who met President Habibie in February 1999 with the claim that the people of Papua wanted independence (separation from Indonesia. They carry out MUBES (Great Council of Papuan people on 23 to 26 February 2000 and the Papuan Congress II from May to June 2000. Consolidation of democracy and social movement in Papua ended after Theys Hiyo Eluay, one of the leaders of PDP was killed by Indonesian Army in 2001. Keywords: Papuan, memoria passionis, social movement, local elites   Makalah ini berfokus pada memori Papua orang tentang penderitaan dalam tragedi pelanggaran terhadap kemanusiaan (Memoria Passionis di bawah kewenangan Pemerintah Indonesia dengan tindakan militer yang brutal. Memoria Passionis juga adalah dasar dari gerakan sosial di masyarakat perkotaan Papua pada 1999-2000. FORERI (Forum Rekonsiliasi Rakyat Irian Jaya dan PDP (Presidium Dewan Papua merupakan elite berpendidikan lokal berjuang kebebasan Papua dengan damai. FORERI kemudian bertransformasi menjadi Tim 100 yang bertemu Presiden Habibie pada Februari 1999 dengan tuntutan bahwa rakyat Papua menuintut kemerdekaan (memisahkan diri dari Indonesia. Mereka melaksanakan MUBES (Musyawarah Besar Rakyat Papua 23-26 Februari 2000 dan Kongres Rakyat Papua II Mei-Juni 2000. Konsolidasi demokrasi dan gerakan sosial di Papua berakhir setelah Theys Hiyo Eluay, salah satu pemimpin dari PDP dibunuh oleh Angkatan Darat Indonesia pada

  13. Contributions of palynology in the reconstruction of livestock impact on the surroundings of Rascafria (Madrid) during the recent Holocene; Aportaciones de la palinologia en la reconstruccion del impacto ganadero, en los alrededores de Rascafria (Madrid), durante el Holoceno reciente

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, C.; Ruiz Zapata, M. B.; Lopez-Saez, J. A.; Gil Garcia, M. J.

    2009-07-01

    We present the results obtained from the palaeocological studies about human impact on the vegetal landscape of a peat bog located in Resurface (Lozoya Valley, Madrid, Central Spain). Palynomorph analysis allows to identify the kind and intensity of human activity and its relation to the trophic changes in the peat bog during the late Holocene (2455{+-}35 BP). Pollen record reveals an anthropic Mediterranean landscape mainly composed by pastures used for grazing. Non Pollen Palynomorphs (NPP) and pH and conductivity sediment have revealed as useful tools for detection of trophic conditions and land use changes. (Author)

  14. Who Teaches in American Charter Schools? Findings from Secondary Analysis of the 1999-2000 Schools and Staffing Survey

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rui, Ning; Boe, Erling E.

    2012-01-01

    Charter schools have been in existence for 20 years in the USA and their effectiveness has been heatedly debated. Despite a growing literature on charter school administration, research on charter school teachers in comparison with their counterparts at traditional public schools is scarce. Using secondary data from the 1999-2000 Schools and…

  15. La actividad fotográfica durante la Guerra Civil a través de las fichas de filiación de la Junta Delegada de Defensa de Madrid (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Sánchez Vigil

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available La actividad fotográfica en Madrid durante la guerra civil fue controlada por la Delegación de Propaganda y Prensa de la Junta Delegada de Defensa de Madrid, organismo que elaboró fichas de filiación que rellenaron los propios implicados. Se analizan estos documentos, conservados en el Centro de Documentación de la Memoria Histórica, para lo que se han elaborado dos bases de datos y se ha consultado la bibliografía especializada. Los resultados obtenidos son de relevancia para la historia de la fotografía española ya que aparecen nuevos autores y se aporta información sobre los ya conocidos. Asimismo el estudio nos permite conocer las instituciones y empresas para las que trabajaron, las tareas específicas que realizaron y su vinculación a sindicatos, partidos políticos, entidades públicas o privadas, y agrupaciones como la Sociedad Obrera de Fotógrafos Profesionales, Unión Fotográfica, Asociación de Profesionales de Prensa y Unión de Informadores Gráficos de Prensa. Se detalla la actividad de los reporteros gráficos y de los retratistas de galería, el papel de las mujeres y el de los profesionales extranjeros que acudieron a nuestro país en funciones informativas y humanitarias.

  16. COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY APPEALS BOARD & DISCIPLINARY BOARD 1999-2000 EXERCISE

    CERN Multimedia

    Division des ressources humaines

    2000-01-01

     Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationMembersBertrand Frammery / PSDaniel Boimond/ PS1st deputiesSue Foffano / ASJean-Claude Carlier / TIS2nd deputiesWolfgangvon Rüden / ITPoul Frandsen / LHCMessrs. Frammery and Boimond have drawn up the following list of staff members from among whom the Chairman of the Board may be chosen when required:Jean-Luc Baldy / STGuy Maurin / EPJean-Paul Fabre / EPMichel Rabany / LHCSverre Jarp / ITJean-Pierre Riunaud / PSLennart Jirden / SPLRoberto Saban / ACRobin Lauckner / SLMarilena Streit-Bianchi /TISMediators [see Administrative Circular N¡ 6 (Rev. 1) entitled 'Review procedure'] will also be selected from this list of ten staff members.COMPOSITION OF THE JOINT ADVISORY DISCIPLINARY BOARD1999-2000 Exercise Appointed by the Director-GeneralAppointed by the Staff AssociationMembersAchille Petrilli / ASMichel Bonnet / EP1st deputiesWisla Carena / EPIrene Seis / IT2nd deputiesRoland Garoby / PSJuan Diaz-Montoya / AC...

  17. Ozone loss derived from balloon-borne tracer measurements in the 1999/2000 Arctic winter

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. D. Robinson

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Balloon-borne measurements of CFC11 (from the DIRAC in situ gas chromatograph and the DESCARTES grab sampler, ClO and O3 were made during the 1999/2000 Arctic winter as part of the SOLVE-THESEO 2000 campaign, based in Kiruna (Sweden. Here we present the CFC11 data from nine flights and compare them first with data from other instruments which flew during the campaign and then with the vertical distributions calculated by the SLIMCAT 3D CTM. We calculate ozone loss inside the Arctic vortex between late January and early March using the relation between CFC11 and O3 measured on the flights. The peak ozone loss (~1200ppbv occurs in the 440-470K region in early March in reasonable agreement with other published empirical estimates. There is also a good agreement between ozone losses derived from three balloon tracer data sets used here. The magnitude and vertical distribution of the loss derived from the measurements is in good agreement with the loss calculated from SLIMCAT over Kiruna for the same days.

  18. Cardiovascular fitness among U.S. adults: NHANES 1999-2000 and 2001-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duncan, Glen E; Li, Sierra M; Zhou, Xiao-Hua

    2005-08-01

    To present information on cardiovascular fitness (estimated maximal oxygen uptake [VO2max] and cardiovascular fitness levels based on sex- and age-specific cut-points of estimated VO2max) among U.S. adults. Analysis of data on 1978 adults (20-49 yr) who had completed a submaximal exercise test, from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (1999-2000 and 2001-2002), a cross-sectional health survey of a nationally representative sample of the noninstitutionalized U.S. population Estimated VO2max was significantly lower (P VO2max was also significantly lower (P < 0.001) in non-Hispanic black females (33.1 +/- 0.6 mL x min(-1) x kg(-1)) than in Mexican-American and non-Hispanic white females (37.0 +/- 0.7 and 36.4 +/- 0.4 mL x min(-1) x kg(-1), respectively). The proportion of low, moderate, and high cardiovascular fitness differed (P < 0.001) among race and race-sex groups. This difference was most striking among females, where 30.9% [95% confidence interval = 23.6-38.2%] of non-Hispanic black women had a low cardiovascular fitness level, compared with only 13.5% [10.0-17.0%] of non-Hispanic white and 18.9% [14.0-23.8%] of Mexican-American women. Adults of non-Hispanic black race have lower cardiovascular fitness than other major race groups in the United States. Nearly one third of non-Hispanic black women had a low cardiovascular fitness level, suggesting that this group in particular may be at increased health risk due to low cardiovascular fitness.

  19. Water Quality in the Yakima River Basin, Washington, 1999-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuhrer, Gregory J.; Morace, Jennifer L.; Johnson, Henry M.; Rinella, Joseph F.; Ebbert, James C.; Embrey, Sandra S.; Waite, Ian R.; Carpenter, Kurt D.; Wise, Daniel R.; Hughes, Curt A.

    2004-01-01

    This report contains the major findings of a 1999?2000 assessment of water quality in streams and drains in the Yakima River Basin. It is one of a series of reports by the NAWQA Program that present major findings on water resources in 51 major river basins and aquifer systems across the Nation. In these reports, water quality is assessed at many scales?from large rivers that drain lands having many uses to small agricultural watersheds?and is discussed in terms of local, State, and regional issues. Conditions in the Yakima River Basin are compared to those found elsewhere and to selected national benchmarks, such as those for drinking-water quality and the protection of aquatic organisms. This report is intended for individuals working with water-resource issues in Federal, Tribal, State, or local agencies; universities; public interest groups; or the private sector. The information will be useful in addressing a number of current issues, such as source-water protection, pesticide registration, human health, drinking water, hypoxia and excessive growth of algae and plants, the effects of agricultural land use on water quality, and monitoring and sampling strategies. This report is also for individuals who wish to know more about the quality of water resources in areas near where they live, and how that water quality compares to the quality of water in other areas across the Nation. Other products describing water-quality conditions in the Yakima River Basin are available. Detailed technical information, data and analyses, methodology, and maps that support the findings presented in this report can be accessed from http://or.water.usgs.gov/yakima. Other reports in this series and data collected from other basins can be accessed from the national NAWQA Web site (http://water.usgs.gov/nawqa).

  20. Análisis del perfil de conocimientos de alumnos de nuevo ingreso en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ángel GARCÍA BELTRÁN

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se ha realizado un análisis estadístico de diversas calificaciones (último curso pre-universitario, examen de Selectividad y prueba de auto-evaluación de diferentes materias antes de comenzar el primer curso universitario obtenidas por alumnos de nuevo ingreso que van a realizar el primer curso de carrera en la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Se ha analizado la correlación entre estas calificaciones y otros posibles factores de influencia durante los cursos 1997-98, 1998-99 y 1999-2000. Los factores analizados son el tipo de centro de procedencia (público o privado y el sexo del alumno.ABSTRACT: A statistical analysus has been carried out for different grades (last high school year, college entrance examination and self-evaluation of different subjects before starting college obtained by students os the Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales in the Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. Correlations between these grades and some potentially influential factors were analyzed for the academic years 1997-1998,1998-1999 and 1999-2000. The analyzed factors were the type of high school (public or private and the student's gender.RÉSUMÉ: On a fait une analyse statistique des certaines qualifications (dernier cours avant l'entrée a l'université, l'examen du Bac et une preuve de auto-evaluation de différents matières avant de commencer le premier cours universitaire obtenus pour des élèves de nouvelle incoporation quin vont commencer le premier cours à la Escuela Técnica Superior de Ingenieros Industriales de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. On a analysée la corrélation entre cettes qualifications et autres posibles facteurs d'influence pendant les courses 1997-1998, 1998-1999 et 1999-2000. Les facteurs analysés sont le carácter du établishement d'enseignement (public et privé et le sexe de l'élevé.

  1. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000 Alimentary basic basket and index of prices in Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Fernando Herrán-Falla

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA, para estimar índices de precios (IPC, su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV. Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tipo de variables. Para el cálculo de los índices de precios al consumidor se utilizó el método de Laspayres. Para la comparación de éstos se utilizaron coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y de Sperman. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron diferencias en los IPC por municipio (p>0.05. Los IPC acumulados año son de un dígito. Los porcentajes de inseguridad alimentaria (IA estuvieron por encima de 50%, encontrándose diferencias por municipio, en 1999 (p=0.04, en 2000 (p=0.88. La IA aumentó en promedio cinco puntos para el periodo 1999- 2000. Se necesita en promedio 1.24 SMLV por mes para acceder a una CBA familiar. CONCLUSIONES: La capacidad de compra del SMLV no satisface los requerimientos familiares de energía y nutrientes. La SA local seguirá deteriorándose, debido al comportamiento de sus determinantes.OBJECTIVE: To establish indicators for food security (FS in two Colombian municipalities. MATERIAL AND METHODS: In 1999-2000, a descriptive study was carried out in two municipalities of the department of Santander, Colombia, that determined the cost of basic food baskets (BFB, to estimate price indices (PI, their variation, and indicators of FS related to the legally set minimum wage (MW. RESULTS: No differences were found in the PI by municipality (p>0.05. The annual cumulative price indices were a single digit. The percentages of food insecurity (FI were upwards of 50%, differing by municipality, in 1999 (p=0,04, and 2000 (p=0,88. The FI

  2. Tuberculosis en la comunidad de Madrid. Incidencia en personas extranjeras y españolas durante el período 1996-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ordobás Gavín

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La inmigración desde países de alta prevalencia de tuberculosis hacia otros más desarrollados afecta a la evolución global de la tuberculosis en los últimos años. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la influencia de los casos de tuberculosis en personas extranjeras sobre la incidencia de la enfermedad en la Comunidad de Madrid en el período 1996 a 2004. Métodos: Los datos procedían del Registro Regional de Casos de Tuberculosis, y del padrón de 1996 y los padrones continuos de 1998 a 2004. Se estimó la incidencia de tuberculosis según país de origen desde 1996 a 2004, por sexo y grupos de edad. Se calcularon c2 para tendencia lineal, razones de incidencia y proporción de casos en personas extranjeras. Resultados: La incidencia de tuberculosis pasó de 34,3 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 16,9 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004. Para los nacidos en España cambió de 33,2 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 12,7 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004, y para los extranjeros de 50,5 casos por 105 habitantes en 1996 a 42,9 casos por 105 habitantes en 2004. La razón de la incidencia entre extranjeros y españoles fue superior a 1 en todos los años, con valor máximo en 2003, en el que se detectaron 4,2 casos en extranjeros por cada caso en españoles (IC 95% 3,7-4,7. El porcentaje de casos extranjeros pasó del 5,2% en 1996 al 35,1% en 2004. Conclusiones: La incidencia de tuberculosis en extranjeros fue mayor que entre los españoles y no disminuyó significativamente en el período 1996-2004, lo que está contribuyendo a que la tuberculosis se haya estabilizado. Esta situación y las características de esta población han de ser tenidas en cuenta en los esfuerzos para el control de esta enfermedad.

  3. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    OpenAIRE

    Herrán-Falla Oscar Fernando; Prada-Gómez Gloria Esperanza; Patiño-Benavides Gonzalo Alberto

    2003-01-01

    OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA) en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA), para estimar índices de precios (IPC), su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV). Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tip...

  4. EXAMINING THE PROFITABILITY OF TURKISH COMMERCIAL BANKS WITH THE LOGISTIC REGRESSION ANALYSIS IN CRISIS YEARS 1999, 2000, 2001 AND 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Açelya TELLİ

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Financial crisis which were occured especially after 1980, damaged particularly Turkish Banking System then all financial system and caused to be determine by researchers seriously. In this line, the aim of this study is searching the effect of the profitability performance of commercial banks in Turkish Banking System comparing with the financial crisis which were occured in 1999, 2000, 2001 and 2008. With this purpose, three profitability ratios were published in the Banks Association of Turkey were taken as dependent variables and four financial ratio groups were taken as independent variables and it was set up a regression model for every related year. As a result of this study, the ratio group of income and expense took over for dependent variables which are the profitability of asset and the profitability of equity at analyzed years. The margin of interest didn’t stand out at 1999, 2000 and 2008 but at 2001, the ratio group of income and expense and the ratio group of adequacy of capital took over for dependent variable which is the margin of net interest.

  5. Análisis de la supervivencia del cáncer de mama durante el decenio 1999-2008 en un Hospital Público de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco Colina Ruizdelgado

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: El estudio de la supervivencia explora la calidad de la atención proporcionada en un hospital. El objetivo del presente trabajo es conocer las variables demográficas y clinicopatológicas así como la supervivencia y evolución a lo largo del decenio 1999-2008 de las mujeres diagnosticadas de cáncer de mama. Métodos: Se recogió la información relativa a las 2.132 mujeres incluidas en el Registro Hospitalario de tumores en esa década. Su seguimiento se realizó hasta el 31 de marzo de 2011 utilizando como fuente de información el Índice Nacional de Defunciones y la fecha del último contacto de la paciente con el hospital. Se calculó la supervivencia observada, estimada mediante el método actuarial, y la supervivencia relativa, calculada por el método Ederer II, para cada uno de los primeros cinco años de seguimiento junto con su intervalo de confianza al 95%. Resultados: La edad media fue 59,9 ± 14,2 años. 12,3% presentaron carcinoma "in situ", 51,8% localizado, 30% con ganglios positivos y 5% diseminado. Según el tipo histológico, 72,8% fueron ductales y 11,8% lobulillares. Se aplicó cirugía en 90,8%, quimioterapia en 23,4% y radioterapia en 56,7%. La supervivencia global relativa fue 88% a los 5 años; 99,9% en carcinomas "in situ"; 94,3% en localizados; 83,7% en regionales y 25,7% en diseminados. Al tercer año de seguimiento las mujeres diagnosticadas en 2008 mostraron una supervivencia relativa de 94,8% versus 89,5% en las de 1999, pero la estimación a lo largo del seguimiento fluctuó sin existir una tendencia significativa ni de manera global ni por estadios. Conclusiones: La evolución de la supervivencia por año de diagnóstico no mostró incremento estadísticamente significativo, ni comparándola por cohortes de los dos quinquenios ni desglosándola por cohortes de estadio al diagnóstico. No se ha conseguido variar la supervivencia cuando se exploró durante 10 años.

  6. Influenza-like symptoms in the college dormitory environment: a survey taken during the 1999-2000 influenza season.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuang, Wayne M; Bailar, John C; Englund, Janet A

    2004-04-01

    The effect of dormitory environments on the transmission of the influenza virus in college students is not well understood. During the 1999-2000 flu season, dormitory residents at a college campus in Chicago were surveyed about their living conditions and influenza-like symptoms (ILS). The survey had a 42 percent response ratio (721 of 1,704). Students who had > or = 50 percent carpeting in their room were at significantly lower risk for ILS (p = .02). Although the risk of ILS increased for roommates who shared sleeping quarters compared with those who slept in different rooms (RR = 4.3), the difference was not statistically significant. No evidence was found that ILS risk was affected by washroom, laundry, or dining settings, or by demographics, including gender or year in college. The survey instrument detected strong relations between ILS and the dormitory room environment, in contrast with other settings in the dormitory. Further research on transmission may focus on the room environment.

  7. Canasta básica alimentaria e índice de precios en Santander, Colombia, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herrán-Falla Oscar Fernando

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVO: Establecer indicadores de seguridad alimentaria (SA en dos municipios colombianos. MATERIAL Y MÉTODOS: En el periodo 1999-2000 se realizó un estudio descriptivo en dos municipios del departamento de Santander, Colombia, que determinó el costo de canastas básicas alimentarias (CBA, para estimar índices de precios (IPC, su variación, e indicadores de SA relacionados con el salario mínimo legal vigente (SMLV. Se calcularon estadísticos de tendencia central y dispersión según el tipo de variables. Para el cálculo de los índices de precios al consumidor se utilizó el método de Laspayres. Para la comparación de éstos se utilizaron coeficientes de correlación de Pearson y de Sperman. RESULTADOS: No se encontraron diferencias en los IPC por municipio (p>0.05. Los IPC acumulados año son de un dígito. Los porcentajes de inseguridad alimentaria (IA estuvieron por encima de 50%, encontrándose diferencias por municipio, en 1999 (p=0.04, en 2000 (p=0.88. La IA aumentó en promedio cinco puntos para el periodo 1999- 2000. Se necesita en promedio 1.24 SMLV por mes para acceder a una CBA familiar. CONCLUSIONES: La capacidad de compra del SMLV no satisface los requerimientos familiares de energía y nutrientes. La SA local seguirá deteriorándose, debido al comportamiento de sus determinantes.

  8. Exclusión social en el Madrid del "desarrollismo": la influencia del modelo inmobiliario de venta de viviendas a gran escala durante el proceso de construcción del área metropolitana de Madrid en la cohesión social de la ciudad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Tamayo Palacios

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Un breve análisis del espacio social madrileño construido durante los años del llamado desarrollismo español mediante las diferentes teorías que se han ocupado de la organización del espacio urbano sugiere la consideración con cierta profundidad del funcionamiento del sector inmobiliario. Así, a partir del estudio de la actuación de este sector en el proceso de construcción del área metropolitana de Madrid, se concluye que tuvo una in?uencia esencial en la formación de la actual distribución de rentas. El análisis de las cuestiones que sirvieron de referencia al sector de cara a posicionarse sobre el territorio y el grado de independencia que asumió respecto de ellas acaba de caracterizar el fenómeno estudiado. En este sentido, si bien los tejidos históricos, la vivienda social, el planeamiento, la centralidad y los límites físicos son determinantes, queda demostrado que la propia estrategia del sector es un vector de in?uencia mayor. Por último, la constatación de que la segregación económica constituye un mecanismo fundamental del modelo inmobiliario que desde los años 60 se ha mantenido como principal actor en el diseño urbano nos acerca a las teorías de Henry Lefebvre sobre el papel de la “Empresa” en el diseño del espacio social urbano.

  9. Aplicación de los aparejos en las fachadas de fábrica de vista de Madrid durante la primera mitad del siglo del siglo XX desde la configuración constructiva del muro y la influencia de la coordinación dimensional de la pieza.

    OpenAIRE

    Rodriguez Sanchez, Antonio

    2007-01-01

    Durante las últimas décadas del siglo XIX y primeras años siglo XX, se desarrolla en España, y especialmente en Madrid, una arquitectura caracterizada por una gran versatilidad y riqueza de formas basada en el empleo del ladrillo a tizón. Son también los años en que se empieza a utilizar el concepto de aparejo aplicado a las fábricas y se estudian los distintos tipos de aparejos. El siglo XX comienza con la utilización generalizada del ladrillo a tizón en las fachadas, que se configuran de...

  10. A relação entre arte e ciência na bioarte: estudo do caso da obra Nature? (1999-2000 de Marta de Menezes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina Barros Oliveira

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ao longo do século XX assistiu-se a uma expansão sem precedentes dos materiais, meios e técnicas utilizados pelos artistas. A arte libertou-se para explorar novos campos do saber que se tornaram, não apenas fontes de inspiração, mas também métodos de trabalho. Disso são exemplos as obras incluídas na chamada “bioarte”, que utilizam o conhecimento e as técnicas do âmbito da biologia e da biotecnologia como materiais artísticos. Neste artigo analisaremos o caso de Nature? (1999-2000 da artista Marta de Menezes (n. 1975, atualmente pertencente à coleção do Museo Extremeño e Iberoamericano de Arte Contemporáneo (MEIAC, procurando realçar as dificuldades que coloca a sua musealização e conservação. Para além do levantamento e estudo do material publicado acerca deste assunto, esta investigação incluiu a realização de entrevistas a Marta de Menezes e aos responsáveis pela conservação da coleção do MEIAC. Foi também consultada a documentação acerca da obra existente neste museu. Esta instalação – que teve origem no trabalho desenvolvido pela artista durante a sua primeira residência num laboratório científico – inclui borboletas vivas, cujas asas são modificadas para fins artísticos. A inclusão de seres vivos implica um aumento significativo do conhecimento que é necessário preservar e transmitir para assegurar a sobrevivência da obra, obrigando a um repensar das estratégias museológicas utilizadas e abrindo novas possibilidades de colaboração entre artistas, cientistas e museus.

  11. A Descriptive Summary of 1999-2000 Bachelor's Degree Recipients 1 Year Later: With an Analysis of Time to Degree. Statistical Analysis Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bradburn, Ellen M.; Berger, Rachael; Xiaojile, Li; Katharin, Peter; Rooney, Kathryn

    This report provided a basic demographic profile of 1999-2000 bachelor's degree recipients and examines the institutional paths they took to complete the baccalaureate. It also describes the amount of time it took them to do so, assessed from both the time they completed high school and the time they entered postsecondary education. Estimates of…

  12. NCLEnotes, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    NCLEnotes, 1999

    1999-01-01

    NCLEnotes is published twice yearly by the National Clearinghouse for ESL Literacy Education and the Center for Applied Linguistics. Volume 8 includes the following articles: "Speaking of Pronunciation" (MaryAnn Cunningham Florez); "NCLE Coordinates ESL Research Priorities"; "Reading in English"; and "A Standards Sampler." The regular features,…

  13. Perdas fetais espontâneas e voluntárias no Brasil em 1999-2000: um estudo de fatores associados Spontaneous and voluntary fetal losses in Brazil in 1999-2000: a study of associated factors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carla Jorge Machado

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Apesar de ilegal no Brasil, cerca de 31% das gestações terminam em aborto. A maioria dos abortamentos provocados é realizada por pessoas não capacitadas, e em condições inseguras, resultando em aumento da mortalidade feminina. O presente estudo utilizou dados de uma amostra representativa de 3.047 puérperas, de 1999-2000, de corte transversal, parte de estudo multicêntrico nacional sobre soroprevalência de sífilis no Brasil. Destas, foram analisadas 1.838 puérperas com pelo menos uma gravidez anterior à gravidez de referência. Os desfechos estudados foram perdas fetais prévias (voluntária e espontânea e ausência de perda fetal prévia. A análise foi conduzida por meio de regressão logística multinomial. Os resultados indicaram alto número de perdas fetais por mulher (até seis e 31% das perdas foram voluntárias. A ausência de pré-natal, a história de DST na gravidez de referência e a ausência de filhos vivos aumentaram a ocorrência de perdas fetais. Para as perdas voluntárias, a raça/cor não branca, mais de um parceiro no ano anterior e idade precoce à primeira relação sexual também concorreram para o aumento da ocorrência. Características de vulnerabilidade destas mulheres devem ser consideradas em programas de planejamento familiar e de aconselhamento de mulheres, focalizando aquelas que já tiveram abortos, para a redução do número e consequências deste procedimento.Despite its illegality in Brazil, about 31% of all pregnancies end in abortion. Most abortions are performed by unskilled personnel and under unsafe conditions, resulting in increased female mortality. This study used data from a cross-sectional representative sample of 3,047 puerperal women, in 1999-2000, part of a national multicenter study on the prevalence of syphilis in Brazil. Of these, 1,838 women with at least one previous pregnancy before the reference pregnancy were included in the analysis. The outcomes studied were voluntary

  14. Spina bifida and anencephaly before and after folic acid mandate--United States, 1995-1996 and 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-05-07

    Neural tube defects (NTDs) are serious birth defects of the spine (e.g., spina bifida) and the brain (e.g., anencephaly) that occur during early pregnancy, often before a woman knows she is pregnant; 50%-70% of these defects can be prevented if a woman consumes sufficient folic acid daily before conception and throughout the first trimester of her pregnancy. In 1992, to reduce the number of cases of spina bifida and other NTDs, the U.S. Public Health Service (USPHS) recommended that all women capable of becoming pregnant consume 400 microg of folic acid daily. Three approaches to increase folic acid consumption were cited: 1) improve dietary habits, 2) fortify foods with folic acid, and 3) use dietary supplements containing folic acid. Mandatory fortification of cereal grain products went into effect in January 1998; during October 1998-December 1999, the reported prevalence of spina bifida declined 31%, and the prevalence of anencephaly declined 16%. Other studies have indicated similar trends. To update the estimated numbers of NTD-affected pregnancies and births, CDC recently analyzed data from 23 population-based surveillance systems that include prenatal ascertainment of these birth defects. This report summarizes the results of that analysis, which indicate that the estimated number of NTD-affected pregnancies in the United States declined from 4,000 in 1995-1996 to 3,000 in 1999-2000. This decline in NTD-affected pregnancies highlights the partial success of the U.S. folic acid fortification program as a public health strategy. To reduce further the number of NTD-affected pregnancies, all women capable of becoming pregnant should follow the USPHS recommendation and consume 400 microg of folic acid every day.

  15. Un sistema de saneamiento para Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-01-01

    The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.El Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid representaba la culminación de una serie de acciones emprendidas, durante varios años, para conseguir que la ciudad completase su sistema d...

  16. La nutricion durante el embarazo

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Chanivet, Gwendolin; Aragón Flores, Jose Andrés; Cabeza Garcia, María Luisa

    2015-01-01

    Cartel presentado en la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Comunicación en Salud, celebrada el 23 de octubre de 2015 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Introducción: durante los primeros meses de embarazo, es cuando se forma los órganos vitales por lo que es muy importante , una buena dieta materna. Existe un estudio que pone de manifiesto la relación de la aparición de alergias en el recién nacido y el estado nutricional materno. Objetivo: evaluar el estado nutricional durante...

  17. La nutricion durante el embarazo

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez Chanivet, Gwendolin; Aragón Flores, Jose Andrés; Cabeza Garcia, María Luisa

    2015-01-01

    Cartel presentado en la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Comunicación en Salud, celebrada el 23 de octubre de 2015 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Introducción: durante los primeros meses de embarazo, es cuando se forma los órganos vitales por lo que es muy importante , una buena dieta materna. Existe un estudio que pone de manifiesto la relación de la aparición de alergias en el recién nacido y el estado nutricional materno. Objetivo: evaluar el estado nutricional durante...

  18. Relevancia de los diferentes momentos del juego y de las acciones a balón parado (ABP en los rendimientos del FC Barcelona y Real Madrid durante la liga nacional de fútbol profesional 2011/12

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xavier Planes i Fontestad

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available El estudio se centra en la relevancia de las fases dinámicas y estáticas en los rendimientos del FC Barcelona y Real Madrid. Utilizamos la metodología observacional con el fin de tratar de asociar los diferentes Momentos o Fases del juego (MJ y las Acciones a Balón Parado (ABP con la obtención de cada uno de los goles. Para conseguirlo, hemos creado un instrumento de observación ad hoc (IOX y hemos utilizado dos instrumentos de registro (LINCE y MOTS. Para el análisis de los datos del registro y la obtención de resultados, hemos utilizado las técnicas de comparación de proporciones con el software Statgraphics, habiendo encontrado, inicialmente, diferencias significativas entre los dos equipos únicamente en la fase defensiva.

  19. Micromamíferos del Pleistoceno Superior del yacimiento de PRERESA en el valle del Manzanares y su contribución a la reconstrucción paleoambiental de la cuenca de Madrid durante el Pleistoceno

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sesé, C.

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available PRERESA (Getafe, Madrid is a site of the first third of the Late Pleistocene, at the end of MIS 5, of which 255 m2 have been excavated, and where 754 stone pieces and abundant remains of micro- and macrovertebrates have been recovered. This paper deals with the study of the following identified micromammals at the site: Erinaceomorpha: Erinaceus europaeus; Soricomorpha: Crocidura russula; Chiroptera: Rhinolophus ferrumequinum; Rodentia: Eliomys quercinus quercinus, Apodemus sp., Cricetulus (Allocricetus bursae, Arvicola aff. sapidus, Microtus cabrerae, Microtus duodecimcostatus; Lagomorpha: Oryctolagus cuniculus. This faunal association, mainly due to the presence of Microtus cabrerae, belongs to the Late Pleistocene. The evolved stage of Microtus cabrerae and Arvicola aff. sapidus indicate the antiquity of this association within the first part of this period, which is consistent with the date of 84±5,6 ka BP obtained by OSL. All the taxa recorded in PRERESA are currently living in the area where the site is located, except Cricetulus (Allocricetus bursae that became extinct in the Iberian Peninsula at the end of the Late Pleistocene. Observations on the material indicate that the accumulation of the small mammal remains could have been mainly caused by predators, most likely by pellets of birds of prey. The association of small mammals from PRERESA indicates temperate conditions with some moisture and vegetation development with some wooded areas and mainly open areas but mostly shrubby, herbaceous, wet and dry grasslands, and riparian vegetation. The comparison of the small mammals from PRERESA with those of the Middle Pleistocene sites from Áridos and Valdocarros, indicate a similarity of the climatic conditions and lansdcape in the low sections of the Manzanares and Jarama rivers in the moments that these sites represent (the advanced Middle Pleistocene and

  20. New Madrid Seismic Zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Pittsburgh, Boston, Buffalo, Detroit, and Chicago . Even though the system consists of multiple parallel underground pipeline, a major earthquake would...24 Ibid., 74. 25 Norma Hayes Bagnall, On Shaky Ground, the New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812 (Columbia, MO: University of Missouri Press, 1996...blank, 36 BIBLIOGRAPHY Bagnall, Norma Hayes. On Shaky Ground, the New Madrid Earthquakes of 1811-1812. Columbia, Missouri: University of

  1. Un sistema de saneamiento para Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-03-01

    Full Text Available The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.El Plan de Saneamiento Integral de Madrid representaba la culminación de una serie de acciones emprendidas, durante varios años, para conseguir que la ciudad completase su sistema de saneamiento. Con este conjunto de acciones comprendidas en el Plan puede decirse que esta infraestructura básica ha adquirido un nivel suficiente, capaz de prestar un servicio acorde con las auténticas necesidades de la Villa.

  2. Las noticias de Madrid (News from Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wahrle Suzanne

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Over 5,000 participants attended the 10th International Conference on Alzheimer's Disease (ICAD and Related Disorders in Madrid, Spain from July 15–20, 2006. Highlights of the conference included reports on brain imaging, the discovery of mutations in the progranulin gene that cause frontotemporal dementia, the finding that neuregulin-1 is a substrate for BACE1 and new interest in the connection between Alzheimer's disease and metabolic syndromes.

  3. Three-dimensional model study of the arctic ozone loss in 2002/2003 and comparison with 1999/2000 and 2003/2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Feng

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available We have used the SLIMCAT 3-D off-line chemical transport model (CTM to quantify the Arctic chemical ozone loss in the year 2002/2003 and compare it with similar calculations for the winters 1999/2000 and 2003/2004. Recent changes to the CTM have improved the model's ability to reproduce polar chemical and dynamical processes. The updated CTM uses σ-θ as a vertical coordinate which allows it to extend down to the surface. The CTM has a detailed stratospheric chemistry scheme and now includes a simple NAT-based denitrification scheme in the stratosphere.

    In the model runs presented here the model was forced by ECMWF ERA40 and operational analyses. The model used 24 levels extending from the surface to ~55 km and a horizontal resolution of either 7.5°×7.5° or 2.8°×2.8°. Two different radiation schemes, MIDRAD and the CCM scheme, were used to diagnose the vertical motion in the stratosphere. Based on tracer observations from balloons and aircraft, the more sophisticated CCM scheme gives a better representation of the vertical transport in this model which includes the troposphere. The higher resolution model generally produces larger chemical O3 depletion, which agrees better with observations.

    The CTM results show that very early chemical ozone loss occurred in December 2002 due to extremely low temperatures and early chlorine activation in the lower stratosphere. Thus, chemical loss in this winter started earlier than in the other two winters studied here. In 2002/2003 the local polar ozone loss in the lower stratosphere was ~40% before the stratospheric final warming. Larger ozone loss occurred in the cold year 1999/2000 which had a persistently cold and stable vortex during most of the winter. For this winter the current model, at a resolution of 2.8°×2.8°, can reproduce the observed loss of over 70% locally. In the warm and more disturbed winter 2003/2004 the chemical O3 loss was generally

  4. Three-dimensional model study of the Arctic ozone loss in 2002/2003 and comparison with 1999/2000 and 2003/2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W. Feng

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available We have used the SLIMCAT 3-D off-line chemical transport model (CTM to quantify the Arctic chemical ozone loss in the year 2002/2003 and compare it with similar calculations for the winters 1999/2000 and 2003/2004. Recent changes to the CTM have improved the model's ability to reproduce polar chemical and dynamical processes. The updated CTM uses σ-θ as a vertical coordinate which allows it to extend down to the surface. The CTM has a detailed stratospheric chemistry scheme and now includes a simple NAT-based denitrification scheme in the stratosphere. In the model runs presented here the model was forced by ECMWF ERA40 and operational analyses. The model used 24 levels extending from the surface to ~55km and a horizontal resolution of either 7.5° x 7.5° or 2.8° x 2.8°. Two different radiation schemes, MIDRAD and the CCM scheme, were used to diagnose the vertical motion in the stratosphere. Based on tracer observations from balloons and aircraft, the more sophisticated CCM scheme gives a better representation of the vertical transport in this model which includes the troposphere. The higher resolution model generally produces larger chemical O3 depletion, which agrees better with observations. The CTM results show that very early chemical ozone loss occurred in December 2002 due to extremely low temperatures and early chlorine activation in the lower stratosphere. Thus, chemical loss in this winter started earlier than in the other two winters studied here. In 2002/2003 the local polar ozone loss in the lower stratosphere was ~40% before the stratospheric final warming. Larger ozone loss occurred in the cold year 1999/2000 which had a persistently cold and stable vortex during most of the winter. For this winter the current model, at a resolution of 2.8° x 2.8°, can reproduce the observed loss of over 70% locally. In the warm and more disturbed winter 2003/2004 the chemical O3 loss was generally much smaller, except above 620K where

  5. Three-dimensional model study of the Arctic ozone loss in 2002/2003 and comparison with 1999/2000 and 2003/2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feng, W.; Chipperfield, M. P.; Davies, S.; Sen, B.; Toon, G.; Blavier, J. F.; Webster, C. R.; Volk, C. M.; Ulanovsky, A.; Ravegnani, F.; von der Gathen, P.; Jost, H.; Richard, E. C.; Claude, H.

    2005-01-01

    We have used the SLIMCAT 3-D off-line chemical transport model (CTM) to quantify the Arctic chemical ozone loss in the year 2002/2003 and compare it with similar calculations for the winters 1999/2000 and 2003/2004. Recent changes to the CTM have improved the model's ability to reproduce polar chemical and dynamical processes. The updated CTM uses σ-θ as a vertical coordinate which allows it to extend down to the surface. The CTM has a detailed stratospheric chemistry scheme and now includes a simple NAT-based denitrification scheme in the stratosphere. In the model runs presented here the model was forced by ECMWF ERA40 and operational analyses. The model used 24 levels extending from the surface to ~55km and a horizontal resolution of either 7.5° x 7.5° or 2.8° x 2.8°. Two different radiation schemes, MIDRAD and the CCM scheme, were used to diagnose the vertical motion in the stratosphere. Based on tracer observations from balloons and aircraft, the more sophisticated CCM scheme gives a better representation of the vertical transport in this model which includes the troposphere. The higher resolution model generally produces larger chemical O3 depletion, which agrees better with observations. The CTM results show that very early chemical ozone loss occurred in December 2002 due to extremely low temperatures and early chlorine activation in the lower stratosphere. Thus, chemical loss in this winter started earlier than in the other two winters studied here. In 2002/2003 the local polar ozone loss in the lower stratosphere was ~40% before the stratospheric final warming. Larger ozone loss occurred in the cold year 1999/2000 which had a persistently cold and stable vortex during most of the winter. For this winter the current model, at a resolution of 2.8° x 2.8°, can reproduce the observed loss of over 70% locally. In the warm and more disturbed winter 2003/2004 the chemical O3 loss was generally much smaller, except above 620K where large losses occurred

  6. New College Graduates at Work: Employment among 1992-93, 1999-2000, and 2007-08 Bachelor's Degree Recipients 1 Year after Graduation. Stats in Brief. NCES 2014-003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staklis, Sandra; Skomsvold, Paul

    2014-01-01

    This Statistics in Brief examines the employment outcomes of college graduates 1 year after earning a bachelor's degree. It compares 2007-08 bachelor's degree recipients who graduated at the start of the recent recession with their peers who graduated in 1992-93 and 1999-2000. Different labor market conditions characterized these three time…

  7. The 1999-2000 ACC task analysis of nurse-midwifery/midwifery practice: a consideration of the concept of professional issues.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, P G; Oshio, S; Fisher, M C; Fullerton, J T

    2001-01-01

    The American College of Nurse-Midwives (ACNM) Certification Council periodically conducts a task analysis study as evidence supporting the content validity of the national certification examination in nurse-midwifery and midwifery. The purpose of this article is to report findings related to the examination of the relationship between professional issues and safe beginning-level midwifery as measured by the 1999-2000 Task Analysis of American Nurse Midwifery and Midwifery Practice. Study findings suggest that newly certified midwives place strong emphasis on the importance of tasks related to the ACNM "Hallmarks of Midwifery," which characterize the art and science of the profession: these include tasks dealing with health promotion and cultural competency. The beginning midwives, however, gave consistently low ratings to tasks related to ACNM "Core Competencies" that mirror the professional responsibilities of midwives; these include tasks related to the history of midwifery, research, or health policy. The study has implications for nurse-midwifery/midwifery educators, experienced midwifery mentors, and other persons interested in reinforcing the relevance of these important professional issues to the new midwife.

  8. The Lagrangian chemistry and transport model ATLAS: simulation and validation of stratospheric chemistry and ozone loss in the winter 1999/2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Wohltmann

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available ATLAS is a new global Lagrangian Chemistry and Transport Model (CTM, which includes a stratospheric chemistry scheme with 46 active species, 171 reactions, heterogeneous chemistry on polar stratospheric clouds and a Lagrangian denitrification module. Lagrangian (trajectory-based models have several important advantages over conventional Eulerian models, including the absence of spurious numerical diffusion, efficient code parallelization and no limitation of the largest time step by the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy criterion. This work describes and validates the stratospheric chemistry scheme of the model. Stratospheric chemistry is simulated with ATLAS for the Arctic winter 1999/2000, with a focus on polar ozone depletion and denitrification. The simulations are used to validate the chemistry module in comparison with measurements of the SOLVE/THESEO 2000 campaign. A Lagrangian denitrification module, which is based on the simulation of the nucleation, sedimentation and growth of a large number of polar stratospheric cloud particles, is used to model the substantial denitrification that occured in this winter.

  9. The Lagrangian chemistry and transport model ATLAS: simulation and validation of stratospheric chemistry and ozone loss in the winter 1999/2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I. Wohltmann

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available ATLAS is a new global Lagrangian Chemistry and Transport Model (CTM, which includes a stratospheric chemistry scheme with 46 active species, 171 reactions, heterogeneous chemistry on polar stratospheric clouds and a Lagrangian denitrification module. Lagrangian (trajectory-based models have several important advantages over conventional Eulerian models, including the absence of spurious numerical diffusion, efficient code parallelization and no limitation of the largest time step by the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy criterion. This work describes and validates the stratospheric chemistry scheme of the model. Stratospheric chemistry is simulated with ATLAS for the Arctic winter 1999/2000, with a focus on polar ozone depletion and denitrification. The simulations are used to validate the chemistry module in comparison with measurements of the SOLVE/THESEO 2000 campaign. A Lagrangian denitrification module, which is based on the simulation of the nucleation, sedimentation and growth of a large number of polar stratospheric cloud particles, is used to model the substantial denitrification that occured in this winter.

  10. Análisis de las encuestas sobre etiquetado nutricional realizadas en el Hospital La Paz de Madrid durante la 9ª edición del "Día Nacional de la Nutrición (DNN 2010" Knowledge of nutrition labelling in general population. Assessment surveys conducted in La Paz University Hospital in Madrid during the 9th "National Nutrition Day 2010"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Loria Kohen

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: El etiquetado nutricional es toda la información en relación con el valor energético y los nutrientes que componen al alimento y representa una valiosa herramienta para ayudar a los consumidores a tomar decisiones informadas acerca de su dieta y estilo de vida. Sin embargo, es poco conocido como percibe el consumidor esta información. Objetivos: Conocer el grado de información de la población encuestada sobre el etiquetado nutricional y evaluar aspectos como atención, lectura, comprensión y uso del mismo. Materiales y métodos: 200 voluntarios que asistieron el día 28 de mayo de 2010 (Día Nacional de la Nutrición DNN al Hospital La Paz y completaron un cuestionario sobre etiquetado nutricional autoadministrado, consistente en 10 preguntas cerradas de opción múltiple. Resultados: El colectivo entrevistado (66,7% mujeres y 33,3% hombres presentaba una edad media de 42,0 ± 15 años y un IMC de 24,1 ± 3,8 kg/m2. Un 86,5% tenía estudios medios y superiores. Un 77,1% conocía el concepto del etiquetado nutricional. El porcentaje fue significativamente mayor entre aquellos con estudios superiores (primarios 7,1%, medios 32,1% y superiores 60,9%; p Introduction: Nutrition labelling (NL provides information on the energy and nutrients in a food and it represents a valuable tool to help consumers make informed decisions about their diet and lifestyle. However, little is known about how consumers perceive the nutrition labelling information. Objectives: Evaluate the knowledge of NL of a population survey and examine aspects such as attention, reading, understanding and utility. Material and methods: 200 volunteers were interviewed about NL on National Nutrition Day (NND on May 28, 2010 at the La Paz University Hospital in Madrid. The questionnaire was self-administered and this contained 10 closed multiple choice questions. Results: The surveyed group (66.7% women and 33.3% men had a mean age of 42.0 ± 15 years and a BMI of

  11. Sanitation system for Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Sánchez, Félix Cristóbal

    1986-01-01

    The Full Sanitation Plan for Madrid is the final action of a series undertaken for several years with the purpose to reach the completion of the sanitation system of the town. With the whole of these actions it could be said that the basic substructure has acquired enough level to deserve de real needs of the town.

  12. Mad about Real Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    CHINESE football fans have never expended so much on one football game. Real Madrid's six football superstars, two million euro the richer after this trip to China, will doubtless look back on it as the pinnacle of their earning power. Fans were ecstatic at seeing

  13. Puerta del Sol, Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reeh, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Professor Eric Corijn (Vrije Universiteit Brussel) og hans virke som dynamisk urbanist blev sat i scene, da 4Cities-masterprogrammet (4Cities.eu) underviste i Madrid midt under bosættelsen på pladsen Puerta del Sol i maj 2011. Artiklen tematiserer forbindelsen mellem det sociale og rumlige liv på...

  14. Los movimientos sociales en la incipiente democracia mexicana: La huelga en la UNAM (1999-2000 y la marcha zapatista (2000-2001 Social Movements in the Incipient Mexican Democracy: The UNAM Strike (1999-2000 and the Zapatista March (2000-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Armando López Leyva

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available ¿Cuál ha sido el efecto del entorno político en los movimientos sociales a raíz de la instauración de la democracia en 1997? En este artículo se argumenta que los movimientos sociales aparecidos desde ese año no han aceptado las limitaciones establecidas por tal régimen, así hayan hecho uso de los recursos institucionales que les ofrece. Lo anterior se intentará ilustrar a partir del análisis, mediante la aplicación del modelo del proceso político (también conocido como estructura de las oportunidades políticas, de dos casos particulares: la huelga en la UNAM, emprendida por el Consejo General de Huelga (1999-2000, y la marcha indígena a la ciudad de México, llevada a cabo por el Ejército Zapatista de Liberación Nacional (2000-2001.What effect has the political environment had on social movements as a result of the establishment of democracy in 1997? This article argues that the social movements that have emerged since then have not accepted the limitationsimposed by this regime, despite using the institutional resources they have been offered. The author attempts to illustrate this through analysis, by applying the political process model (also known as the political opportunities structure to two particular cases: the UNAM strike, organized by the General Strike Council (1999-2000 and the indigenous march to Mexico City, led by the National Zapatista Liberation Army (2000-2001.

  15. La construcción de la marca Madrid

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    Elia Canosa Zamora

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos veinte años, los sucesivos gobiernos de Madrid, han centrado en el posicionamiento internacional de la ciudad sus expectativas de desarrollo económico, de transformación urbana y de bienestar ciudadano. La construcción de la Marca Madrid forma parte de esta estrategia que ha terminado por convertirse en el eje director de gestión y la ordenación urbana. La relevancia de este fenómeno se analizará en tres vertientes fundamentales: valorando el significado de la opción oficial de Madrid ciudad global, planteando el ascenso de la imagen como base vertebradora de las operaciones destinadas a favorecer esta internacionalización y profundizando en el valor de la arquitectura como icono urbano.

  16. Population-based reference standards for cardiovascular fitness among U.S. adults: NHANES 1999-2000 and 2001-2002.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sanders, Leslee F; Duncan, Glen E

    2006-04-01

    To provide reference standards for cardiovascular fitness levels, using population-based estimates of estimated maximal oxygen uptake (VO2max) from a diverse sample of U.S. adults. Analysis of data from adults (20-49 yr) who completed a submaximal exercise test in the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 1999-2000 and 2001-2002. Estimated VO2max was categorized as low ( or =60th percentile) fitness using age- and sex-specific cut-points. There were 1978 subjects, roughly 29% Mexican-American, 20% non-Hispanic black, and 51% non-Hispanic white. Using population-based sample weights, this was equivalent to 54,078,766 persons with mean (+/- SE) age, 34.4 +/- 0.3 yr; body mass index (BMI), 27.0 +/- 0.2 kg x m(-2); and estimated VO2max, 40.4 +/- 0.3 mL x min(-1) x kg(-1). There was a significant association between race and fitness level and between race and fitness level by sex (P < 0.0001). Low fitness was highest among non-Hispanic blacks (percentage (95% confidence interval): 32%, (26-38%)) compared with Mexican-Americans (22% (18-27%)) and non-Hispanic whites (18% (15-21%)), particularly among females, where 35% (28-42%) non-Hispanic black women had low fitness compared with 22% (16.3-27.4%) Mexican-American and 18% (13.7-22.4%) non-Hispanic white women. Non-Hispanic black adults have the highest percentage of low cardiovascular fitness among major race groups in the United States. On a population basis, over one third of non-Hispanic black women have low cardiovascular fitness, suggesting this group in particular may be at increased health risk due to poor fitness.

  17. Casa en Torrelodones, Madrid

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    Cubillo de Arteaga, L.

    1960-07-01

    Full Text Available El monte bajo de la parte norte de Madrid, hacia la sierra, es de una serena y agreste belleza, con alteraciones pronunciadas y conjuntos rocosos de valor ornamental extraordinario. En uno de sus rincones: Torrelodones, y encaramado en la cima de un montículo, con vistas al hermoso paisaje y a las escarpadas montañas, se ha construido una vivienda de dimensiones medias, ocupando unos 200 m2 de planta edificada.

  18. Racionalismo arquitectónico y diversidad moderna en el Madrid de 1925 a 1936

    OpenAIRE

    González Capitel, Antón

    2007-01-01

    Las calles de Madrid vieron nacer durante los años que preceden al estallido de la Guerra Civil arquitecturas del movimiento moderno caracterizadas por una interesante mezcla de estilos: los más importantes arquitectos eligieron el racionalismo, el expresionismo o el art-decó para expresar su modernidad en la capital.

  19. Red Palinocam: vigilancia en Madrid del polen aerovagante Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available El Programa Regional de Control y Prevención del Asma surge en el año 1992. El programa abordaba una estrategia con cuatro grandes áreas, entre ellas la Vigilancia Ambiental, que en el año 1993 formalizó la Red Palinológica de la Comunidad de Madrid (Red Palinocam. La red se constituye mediante la creación de un comité de expertos, coordinado desde el Instituto de Salud Pública, bajo la dirección técnica de la Facultad de Farmacia de la Universidad Complutense y está integrado por representantes de cada una de las instituciones involucradas. El marco jurídico se completa con acuerdos firmados con los ayuntamientos y con un convenio de colaboración entre la Universidad Complutense de Madrid y la Consejería de Sanidad y Consumo.El objetivo prioritario, basado en la red de muestreo de polen para el territorio de la Comunidad de Madrid, es el conocimiento del contenido polínico de su atmósfera que incide sobre la población afectada de polinosis en cada zona de nuestra área geográfica y en cada momento del año, datos de gran interés desde Salud Pública.La Red Palinocam constituye una herramienta útil en Salud Pública, proporcionando información puntual, a través de Internet y del Servicio de Información Telefónica, durante todo el año de los muestreos aerobiológicos realizados. Así las personas que sufren problemas de alergia y los profesionales sanitarios que se encargan de sus cuidados y los distintos medios de comunicación, pueden conocer los tipos polínicos más frecuentes en cada momento y su concentración en el aire ambiente.Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts

  20. Electrification of high-speed line Madrid-Lerida; Elektrifizierung der Hochgeschwindigkeitsstrecke Madrid-Lerida

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ortiz, J.M.G.; Wipfler, H.P. [UTE EUROASCE, Madrid (Spain); Tessun, H. [Balfour Beatty Rail GmbH, Power Systems, Muenchen (Germany); Martens, G. [Balfour Beatty Rail GmbH, Power Systems, Offenbach (Germany)

    2002-12-01

    The 450 km long section Madrid-Lerida of the new high-speed line Madrid-Barcelone has been equipped with a new overhead contact line type designed for 350 km/h. (orig.) [German] Der 450 km lange Abschnitt Madrid-Lerida der neuen Hochgeschwindigkeitsstrecke Madrid-Barcelona wurde mit einer fuer 350 km/h ausgelegten neuen Oberleitungsbauart ausgeruestet. (orig.)

  1. Gentrificación en Madrid: de la burbuja a la crisis

    OpenAIRE

    García Pérez, Eva

    2014-01-01

    En paralelo a las dinámicas de explosión urbana en Madrid durante la década 1997-2007 también los procesos de gentrificación se profundizaron en el centro de Madrid. Este artículo describe dicho fenómeno en tres barrios del centro de la ciudad: Malasaña, Chueca y Lavapiés; aportando evidencias procedentes del estudio de los cambios en la estructura demográfica principalmente, pero también comercial, e inmobiliaria. El análisis muestra que efectivamente ha habido una profunda transformación ur...

  2. Bloque de viviendas, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muñoz Monasterio, M.

    1957-11-01

    Full Text Available En el nuevo barrio madrileño surgido en las inmediaciones de la prolongación de la Castellana se eleva este bloque de viviendas, frente al fondo sur del Estadio del Real Madrid, obra proyectada por el mismo arquitecto y con cuyas torres armoniza el bloque alto que preside su composición de volumen.

  3. Fichas descriptivas de bibliotecas localizadas en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Maldonado Martínez, Ángeles

    1985-01-01

    [EN] Sheets on some libraries located in Madrid. These sheets are part of the section "Documentation Centres" in the journal "ALFOZ. Madrid, Territorio, Economia y Sociedad" and were published between 1985 and 1987. The libraries described are: - Biblioteca Municipal - Biblioteca de la Cámara de Comercio e Industria de Madrid - Biblioteca y Centro de Documentación del Instituto de Estudios de la Administración Central (IEAL) - Biblioteca del Instituto Nacional de Estadística - ...

  4. Fichas descriptivas de bibliotecas localizadas en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1985-01-01

    [EN] Sheets on some libraries located in Madrid. These sheets are part of the section "Documentation Centres" in the journal "ALFOZ. Madrid, Territorio, Economia y Sociedad" and were published between 1985 and 1987. The libraries described are: - Biblioteca Municipal - Biblioteca de la Cámara de Comercio e Industria de Madrid - Biblioteca y Centro de Documentación del Instituto de Estudios de la Administración Central (IEAL) - Biblioteca del Instituto Nacional de Estadística - ...

  5. IGPP 1999-2000 Annual Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryerson, F J; Cook, K; Hitchcock, B

    2003-01-27

    The Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) is a Multicampus Research Unit of the University of California (UC). IGPP was founded in 1946 at UC Los Angeles with a charter to further research in the earth and planetary sciences and related fields. The Institute now has branches at UC campuses in Irvine, Los Angeles, San Diego, Santa Cruz and Riverside, and at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The University-wide IGPP has played an important role in establishing interdisciplinary research in the earth and planetary sciences. For example, IGPP was instrumental in founding the fields of physical oceanography and space physics, which at the time fell between the cracks of established university departments. Because of its multicampus orientation, IGPP has sponsored important inter-institutional consortia in the earth and planetary sciences. Each of the seven branches has a somewhat different intellectual emphasis as a result of the interplay between strengths of campus departments and Laboratory programs. The IGPP branch at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was approved by the Regents of the University of California in 1982. IGPP-LLNL emphasizes research in tectonics, geochemistry, and astrophysics. It provides a venue for studying the fundamental aspects of these fields, thereby complementing LLNL programs that pursue applications of these disciplines in national security and energy research. IGPP-LLNL was directed by Charles Alcock during this period and was originally organized into three centers: Geosciences, stressing seismology; High-Pressure Physics, stressing experiments using the two-stage light-gas gun at LLNL; and Astrophysics, stressing theoretical and computational astrophysics. In 1994, the activities of the Center for High-Pressure Physics were merged with those of the Center for Geosciences. The Center for Geosciences, headed by Frederick Ryerson, focuses on research in geophysics and geochemistry. The Astrophysics Research Center, headed by Kem Cook, provides a home for theoretical and observational astrophysics and serves as an interface with the Physics Directorate's astrophysics efforts. At the end of the period covered by this report, Alcock left for the University of Pennsylvania. Cook became Acting Director of IGPP, the Physics Direcorate merged with portions of the old Lasers Direcorate to become Physics and Advanced Technologies. Energy Programs and Earth and Environmental Sciences Directorate became Energy and Environment Sciences Directorate. The IGPP branch at LLNL (as well as the branch at Los Alamos) also facilitates scientific collaborations between researchers at the UC campuses and those at the national laboratories in areas related to earth science, planetary science, and astrophysics. It does this by sponsoring the University Collaborative Research Program (UCRP), which provides funds to UC campus scientists for joint research projects with LLNL. Additional information regarding IGPP-LLNL projects and people may be found at http://wwwigpp. llnl.gov/. The goals of the UCRP are to enrich research opportunities for UC campus scientists by making available to them some of LLNL's unique facilities and expertise, and to broaden the scientific program at LLNL through collaborative or interdisciplinary work with UC campus researchers. UCRP funds (provided jointly by the Regents of the University of California and by the Director of LLNL) are awarded annually on the basis of brief proposals, which are reviewed by a committee of scientists from UC campuses, LLNL programs, and external universities and research organizations. Typical annual funding for a collaborative research project ranges from $5,000 to $30,000. Funds are used for a variety of purposes, such as salary support for UC graduate students, postdoctoral fellows; and costs for experimental facilities. A statistical overview of IGPP-LLNL's UCRP (colloquially known as the mini-grant program) is presented in Figures 1 and 2. Figure 1 shows the distribution of UCR

  6. Speak Out for Children, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Levy, David L., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    This document comprises the three issues of Volume 14 of the "Speak Out for Children" newsletter, published to strengthen families through education and to assist children of unwed parents, separation, and divorce. The Spring 1999 issue contains articles on National Child's Day, joint custody presumptions, changes in children's life and…

  7. IGPP 1999-2000 Annual Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ryerson, F J; Cook, K; Hitchcock, B

    2003-01-27

    The Institute of Geophysics and Planetary Physics (IGPP) is a Multicampus Research Unit of the University of California (UC). IGPP was founded in 1946 at UC Los Angeles with a charter to further research in the earth and planetary sciences and related fields. The Institute now has branches at UC campuses in Irvine, Los Angeles, San Diego, Santa Cruz and Riverside, and at Los Alamos National Laboratory and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. The University-wide IGPP has played an important role in establishing interdisciplinary research in the earth and planetary sciences. For example, IGPP was instrumental in founding the fields of physical oceanography and space physics, which at the time fell between the cracks of established university departments. Because of its multicampus orientation, IGPP has sponsored important inter-institutional consortia in the earth and planetary sciences. Each of the seven branches has a somewhat different intellectual emphasis as a result of the interplay between strengths of campus departments and Laboratory programs. The IGPP branch at Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) was approved by the Regents of the University of California in 1982. IGPP-LLNL emphasizes research in tectonics, geochemistry, and astrophysics. It provides a venue for studying the fundamental aspects of these fields, thereby complementing LLNL programs that pursue applications of these disciplines in national security and energy research. IGPP-LLNL was directed by Charles Alcock during this period and was originally organized into three centers: Geosciences, stressing seismology; High-Pressure Physics, stressing experiments using the two-stage light-gas gun at LLNL; and Astrophysics, stressing theoretical and computational astrophysics. In 1994, the activities of the Center for High-Pressure Physics were merged with those of the Center for Geosciences. The Center for Geosciences, headed by Frederick Ryerson, focuses on research in geophysics and geochemistry. The Astrophysics Research Center, headed by Kem Cook, provides a home for theoretical and observational astrophysics and serves as an interface with the Physics Directorate's astrophysics efforts. At the end of the period covered by this report, Alcock left for the University of Pennsylvania. Cook became Acting Director of IGPP, the Physics Direcorate merged with portions of the old Lasers Direcorate to become Physics and Advanced Technologies. Energy Programs and Earth and Environmental Sciences Directorate became Energy and Environment Sciences Directorate. The IGPP branch at LLNL (as well as the branch at Los Alamos) also facilitates scientific collaborations between researchers at the UC campuses and those at the national laboratories in areas related to earth science, planetary science, and astrophysics. It does this by sponsoring the University Collaborative Research Program (UCRP), which provides funds to UC campus scientists for joint research projects with LLNL. Additional information regarding IGPP-LLNL projects and people may be found at http://wwwigpp. llnl.gov/. The goals of the UCRP are to enrich research opportunities for UC campus scientists by making available to them some of LLNL's unique facilities and expertise, and to broaden the scientific program at LLNL through collaborative or interdisciplinary work with UC campus researchers. UCRP funds (provided jointly by the Regents of the University of California and by the Director of LLNL) are awarded annually on the basis of brief proposals, which are reviewed by a committee of scientists from UC campuses, LLNL programs, and external universities and research organizations. Typical annual funding for a collaborative research project ranges from $5,000 to $30,000. Funds are used for a variety of purposes, such as salary support for UC graduate students, postdoctoral fellows; and costs for experimental facilities. A statistical overview of IGPP-LLNL's UCRP (colloquially known as the mini-grant program) is presented in Figures 1 and 2. Figure 1 shows the distribution of UCRP awards among the UC campuses, by total amount awarded and by number of proposals funded. Figure 2 shows the distribution of awards by center. Although the permanent LLNL staff assigned to IGPP is relatively small (presently about 8 full-time equivalents), IGPP's research centers have become vital research organizations. This growth has been possible because of IGPP support for a substantial group of resident postdoctoral fellows; because of the 20 or more UCRP projects funded each year; and because IGPP hosts a variety of visitors, guests, and faculty members (from both UC and other institutions). To focus attention on areas of topical interest in the geosciences and astrophysics, IGPP--LLNL hosts conferences and workshops and also organizes seminars in astrophysics and geosciences.

  8. Fatores associados à assistência pré-natal precária em uma amostra de puérperas adolescentes em maternidades do Município do Rio de Janeiro, 1999-2000 Factors associated with precarious prenatal care in a sample of post-partum adolescent mothers in maternity hospitals in Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Granado Nogueira da Gama

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Caracterizou-se o perfil das gestantes com pré-natal precário, segundo variáveis sócio-demográficas, história reprodutiva da mãe, apoio familiar, satisfação com a gestação e comportamentos de risco durante a gravidez. Foram entrevistadas 1.967 adolescentes no pós-parto imediato de maternidades públicas, conveniadas com o SUS e particulares no Município do Rio de Janeiro. A variável dependente foi o número de consultas de pré-natal (0-3; 4-6; 7 e mais. A análise estatística testou a hipótese de homogeneidade de proporções mediante análises bi e multivariada, com o uso de regressão logística multinomial, cuja categoria de referência da variável-resposta foi a realização de > 7 consultas. Foram encontradas maiores proporções de 0-3 consultas nos grupos de mães com grau de escolaridade This study characterizes the women receiving precarious prenatal care according to socio-demographic variables, mother's reproductive history, family support, satisfaction with pregnancy, and risk behavior during pregnancy. A total of 1,967 adolescents were interviewed in the immediate post-partum in public and outsourced maternity hospitals in the City of Rio de Janeiro. The dependent variable was the number of prenatal appointments (0-3; 4-6; 7 or more. The statistical analysis aimed to test the hypothesis of homogeneity of proportions, including bi- and multivariate analysis, using multinomial logistic regression, in which the reference category for the response variable was 7 or more prenatal visits. Higher (and statistically significant proportions of insufficient number of prenatal visits (0-3 were associated with: precarious sanitation conditions; not living with the child's father; attempted abortion; and smoking, drinking, and/or drug use during pregnancy. The results strongly indicate that mothers with worse living conditions and risk behavior during pregnancy were the same who lacked access to prenatal care.

  9. Moving to universal coverage? Trends in the burden of out-of-pocket payments for health care across social groups in India, 1999-2000 to 2011-12.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anup Karan

    Full Text Available In the background of ongoing health sector reforms in India, the paper investigates the magnitude and trends in out-of-pocket and catastrophic payments for key population sub-groups. Data from three rounds of nationally representative consumer expenditure surveys (1999-2000, 2004-05 and 2011-12 were pooled to assess changes over time in a range of out-of-pocket -related outcome indicators for the poorest 20% households, scheduled caste and tribe households and Muslims households relative to their better-off/majority religion counterparts. Our results suggest that the poorest 20% of households experienced a decline in the proportion reporting any OOP for inpatient care relative to the top 20% and Muslim households saw an increase in the proportion reporting any inpatient OOP relative to non-Muslim households during 2000-2012. The change in the proportion of Muslim households or SC/ST households reporting any OOP for outpatient care was similar to that for their respective more advantaged counterparts; but the poorest 20% of households experienced a faster increase in the proportion reporting any OOP for outpatient care than their top 20% counterparts. SC/ST, Muslim and the poorest 20% of households experienced as faster increase in the share of outpatient OOP in total household spending relative to their advantaged counterparts. We conclude that the financial burden of out of pocket spending increased faster among the disadvantaged groups relative to their more advantaged counterparts. Although the poorest 20% saw a relative decline in OOP spending on inpatient care as a share of household spending, this is likely the result of foregoing inpatient care, than of accessing benefits from the recent expansion of cashless publicly financed insurance schemes for inpatient care. Our results highlight the need to explore the reasons underlying the lack of effectiveness of existing public health financing programs and public sector health services in

  10. Tendencias y desigualdades sociales en el cribado de cáncer de cérvix y cáncer de mama en la Comunidad de Madrid durante el periodo 1995-2010 a partir del Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo de enfermedades no transmisibles (SIVFRENT-A

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Latasa

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento. La evaluación de programas preventivos es necesaria para fundamentar las decisiones en salud pública. En España hay pocas investigaciones que evalúen el grado de implementación y equidad del cribado de cáncer. El objetivo fue describir tendencias y desigualdades en el cribado de cáncer de cérvix y cáncer de mama según determinantes sociales de la salud. Métodos. Se analizó el Sistema de Vigilancia de Factores de Riesgo asociados con enfermedades no transmisibles de la Comunidad de Madrid entre 1995 y 2010, basado en encuestas telefónicas a población de 18 a 65 años. Los años se agruparon en cuatrienios: P1 a P4. Se estimaron razones de prevalencia (RP mediante modelos lineales generalizados con vínculo logarítmico y familia binomial y diferencias de proporciones (DP, con su IC 95% y su significación. Resultados. Se observa un incremento en las mamografías especialmente en mujeres con estudios bajos (RP P4/P1: 1,93; IC 95%: 1,62 a 2,3, siendo ésta más discreta en las citologías (RP P4/P1: 1,28; IC 95%: 1,11-1,47. Las mamografías no se incrementaron en los últimos 5 años (RP P4/P3: 1,02; IC 95%: 0,99-1,04. Las desigualdades mejoraron de P1 a P3 para empeorar en el último periodo. Conclusiones. Todos los grupos incrementan el cumplimiento de las prácticas preventivas y los que no lo hicieron es que ya poseían elevados cumplimientos de partida. En las mamografías cabe destacar el estancamiento en las mujeres desfavorecidas en el periodo 2007-2010. Se encontró un gradiente social para las prácticas preventivas que es menor en la práctica poblacional (mamografía que en la oportunista (citología.

  11. AstroMadrid: Astrophysics and technological developments in Comunidad de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mas-Hesse, J. M.

    2011-11-01

    AstroMadrid is a network constituted by different research groups in the Comunidad de Madrid area, with the objective of coordinating the activities related to the development of astronomical instrumentation in the various centres. AstroMadrid is a multidisciplinar team which benefits from the synergies provided by the different participating groups, optimizing our capabilities to develop instrumentation, and minimizing the problems related to the geographical dispersion within our region. AstroMadrid is also participated by several aerospace industries, which complement the capabilities and facilities available in the research centres. In addition to optimizing the development of instrumentation, AstroMadrid plays an essential role in the formation of new engineers and scientists, by actively contributing to some Master degree courses organized by different Universities in Madrid.

  12. Las colonias escolares durante la Guerra Civil (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rosalía Crego Navarro

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available Las colonias escolares que funcionaron principalmente en el Levante y Cataluña, y, en menor medida en el Aragón republicano, Cuenca, Albacete y Madrid..., fueron unas instituciones que surgieron durante la guerra civil, que sirvieron no sólo de refugio a los niños evacuados a aquellas zonas a causa de los bombardeos, la escasez de alimentos y la orfandad, sino que cumplieron una función educativa muy importante, como desarrollaremos a lo largo de este trabajo.

  13. Edificio de oficinas, en Madrid

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    Barbero Rebolledo, M.

    1966-11-01

    Full Text Available This office building was designed according to a module of 1.60 X 1.60 m, to allow for maximum flexibility in its distribution and optimum adaptation to possible future changes in the internal organisation. The structure is metallic; the external walls are in brick or glass, depending on the zone, and both the internal and external treatment have been wisely chosen in order to follow the two basic principles of functionality and comfort. This building, besides containing the main offices of the Spanish Society of Touring Cars in Madrid, also provides room for a lecture hall, an automobile exhibition hall and a department of electronic computing.Este edificio para oficinas fue proyectado según un módulo de 1,60 x 1,60 m, de tal manera que admitiese la máxima flexibilidad en su distribución y se adaptase a todos los cambios de organización que pudieran presentarse en el futuro. La estructura es metálica; los cerramientos, de ladrillo visto y cristal, según conviene a cada zona; y en su composición y tratamientos exterior e interior se han aunado sabiamente los dos principios básicos de representatividad y confort exigidos. Además de alojar las oficinas centrales de la Sociedad Española de Automóviles de Turismo en Madrid, como elementos singulares dispone de: salón de actos, exposición de automóviles y servicio de ordenador electrónico.

  14. Wind energy resource assessment in Madrid region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Migoya, Emilio; Crespo, Antonio; Jimenez, Angel; Garcia, Javier; Manuel, Fernando [Laboratorio de Mecanica de Fluidos, Departamento de Ingenieria Energetica y Fluidomecanica, Escuela Tecnica Superior Ingenieros Industriales (ETSII), Universidad Politecnica de Madrid (UPM), C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal, 2-28006, Madrid (Spain)

    2007-07-15

    The Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid (Autonomous Community of Madrid, in the following Madrid Region), is a region located at the geographical centre of the Iberian Peninsula. Its area is 8.028 km{sup 2}, and its population about five million people. The Department of Economy and Technological Innovation of the Madrid Region, together with some organizations dealing on energy saving and other research institutions have elaborated an Energy Plan for the 2004-12 period. As a part of this work, the Fluid Mechanics Laboratory of the Superior Technical School of Industrial Engineers of the Polytechnic University of Madrid has carried out the assessment of the wind energy resources [Crespo A, Migoya E, Gomez Elvira R. La energia eolica en Madrid. Potencialidad y prospectiva. Plan energetico de la Comunidad de Madrid, 2004-2012. Madrid: Comunidad Autonoma de Madrid; 2004]; using for this task the WAsP program (Wind Atlas Analysis and Application Program), and the own codes, UPMORO (code to study orography effects) and UPMPARK (code to study wake effects in wind parks). Different kinds of data have been collected about climate, topography, roughness of the land, environmentally protected areas, town and village distribution, population density, main facilities and electric power supply. The Spanish National Meteorological Institute has nine wind measurement stations in the region, but only four of them have good and reliable temporary wind data, with time measurement periods that are long enough to provide representative correlations among stations. The Observed Wind Climates of the valid meteorological stations have been made. The Wind Atlas and the resource grid have been calculated, especially in the high wind resource areas, selecting appropriate measurements stations and using criteria based on proximity, similarity and ruggedness index. Some areas cannot be used as a wind energy resource mainly because they have environmental regulation or, in some cases, are very close

  15. [Hospitals and surgeons: Madrid 1940].

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Quevedo, Francisco Vázquez

    2007-01-01

    The history of the hospitals and general surgeons that best represent the centres in Madrid are here in reviewed, comprising the period between 1940 and the closure of the Hospital Clinico (1957) as well as the Hospital General (General Hospital) (1967), both in Atocha. Other hospitals which are reviewed and highlighted are: the H. de la Princesa (the Princess Hospital), the H. del Nifio Jesus (Hospital of the Child Jesus), the H. Militar (Military Hospital) and the Cruz Roja (Red Cross). Data is provided on the permanent surgeons in the following centres: H. General: J. Goyanes, J. Die, J. de la Villa, T. Rodriguez, E. Diaz, G. Bueno e H. Huerta; H. Clinico: L. de la Peña, L. Cardenal, L. Olivares, R. Argüelles, J. Estella y M. F. Zumel; H. Militar: M. G. Ulla, M. Bastos, M. G. Durán, J. S. Galindo, y A. G. Durán; Hospital de la Cruz Roja: V. M. Noguera, L. Serrada, F. Luque y L. L. Durán; H. de la Princesa: P. Cifuentes, P. G. Duarte, L. Estella y R. Aiguabella; H. del Niño Jesús: J. Garrido Lestache; H. Clinico, last time, Atocha: F. M. Lagos, R. Vara y A. de la Fuente.

  16. Neandertales en el centro peninsular: tecnocomplejos musterienses en la región de Madrid = Neanderthals in central Iberian: Mousterian technocomplex in the region of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepción Torre Navas

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años, la investigación sobre el Paleolítico en la región de Madrid ha proporcionado nuevos yacimientos y datos que permiten llevar a cabo una actualización de nuestro conocimiento del poblamiento humano de esta región durante el Pleistoceno superior. Las condiciones geo-litológicas de la cuenca sedimentaria madrileña, sumada a la peculiar fisiografía de sierra, pie de monte y cuenca drenada por una densa red fluvial, proporciona un contexto singular en el que el poblamiento parece organizarse funcionalmente atendiendo a los rasgos que cada contexto posee. Las comunidades musterienses supieron sacar provecho de una ordenada estructuración funcional del espacio. En este trabajo además de realizar una actualización del conocimiento en la región, planteamos como los grupos musterienses organizaron de manera planificada y complementaria la explotación de los distintos recursos en nuestra región respondiendo a patrones similares al de otras regiones europeas.In recent years, research on the Paleolithic in the region of Madrid has provided new archaeological sites, sequences and interpretations that allow us to update our knowledge about the human settlement in this region during the upper Pleistocene. Geo-lithological conditions of the Madrid sedimentary basin, combined with the peculiar physiography compose by mountains, slopes and basin drained by a dense river network provides a unique context in which the settlement seems to have been organized as a response to each particular context. During millennia, Mousterian communities learned to use a functional structure of space in order to organize the global activities. In this work, in addition to update our knowledge of the Mousterian occupation this region, we propose the existence of a organizational and complementary model of resource exploitation similar to other european regions.

  17. Progress report 1999-2000; Rapport d'activite 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    This document presents the activities of the CENBG for the 1999 and 2000 years. The activities are arranged into 7 topics: 1) astro-particles, 2) high spins and big deformations, 3) fundamental interactions, 4) exotic nuclei, 5) the down end of the nuclear fuel cycle and ADS (accelerator driven system), 6) theoretical physics and 7) at the interface between physics and biology. Among a lot of achievements relevant to INIS we can note: -) the investigation of 2 new modes of decay: the bound internal conversion and the Pauli forbidden bound internal conversion, -) the progress made on the Nemo-3 experiment whose purpose is the possibility of detecting the neutrinoless double beta decay from the kinematics specificities of the 2 electrons released, -) the first observation of the doubly-magic nucleus Ni{sup 48}, -) the beta delayed proton and gamma -ray spectroscopy of Mg{sup 21} and Si{sup 25} nuclei, -) the identification of the fundamental state of Li{sup 10}, -) the measurement of the masses of nuclei close to N = Z line in the region A = 80, -) the measurement of the beta decay of Ga{sup 62} (T = 116 ms), and concerning ADS technology: -) the neutron capture cross-section of Th{sup 232} has been measured in the energy range from 60 keV to 2 MeV, -) the determination of neutron induced fission cross-section of Pa{sup 233} in the fast neutron energy range from 0.5 to 10 MeV, and -) the measurement of isotopic distributions for all residual elements from Ti to Pb produced in the reaction 1 A.GeV Pb{sup 208} on proton. (A.C.)

  18. Libya. Energy situation 1999/2000; Libyen. Energiewirtschaft 1999/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2001-07-01

    Key figures are presented on the energy situation of Libya. Some remarks on the country's national and international energy policy are followed by description of trends on energy sources and power generation. Data are presented on the country's external trade. (orig.) [German] Unter Angabe einiger markanter Daten wird ein kurzer Ueberblick ueber die Energiesituation Libyens gegeben. Nach einigen Anmerkungen zur nationalen und internationalen Energiepolitik werden die Entwicklungen bezueglich der einzelnen Energietraeger und der Stromerzeugung beschrieben. Ausserdem werden einige wichtige Zahlen zum Aussenhandel angegeben. (orig.)

  19. Nebraska State Report Card, 1999-2000 = Tarjeta informativa del Estado de Nebraska, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nebraska State Dept. of Education, Lincoln.

    This report, printed in English and Spanish versions, is the first Nebraska State Report Card. It provides a snapshot of Nebraska schools using statewide averages. Nebraska students scored better than students nationwide in reading, with 60% of Nebraska students in grades 3-4, 7-8, and 10-12 scoring above the median on a standardized reading test.…

  20. Salud bucodental preescolar en el área este de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    García Villalobos, María Rosa

    2011-01-01

    La investigación tiene por objetivo conocer cuál es el ESTADO DE SALUD BUCODENTAL de una muestra de cien niños en edad preescolar de la población del Área Este del Servicio Madrileño de Salud (SERMAS) de la Comunidad de Madrid y cuyo grupo etario no está incluido en el Programa de Salud Bucodental (PSBD). El trabajo de campo se ha realizado en la consulta de odontología del turno de tarde del Centro de Salud Doctor Cirajas durante seis meses. Se ha recogido la información en un cuestionari...

  1. Vínculos y redes de poder entre Madrid y La Habana: Francisco Arango y Parreño (1765-1837, ideólogo y mediador

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    González-Ripoll Navarro, María Dolores

    2001-08-01

    Full Text Available In 1788 the presence in Madrid of the Cuban Francisco Arango y Parreño launched reciprocal exchanges between Spain and Cuba which lasted for the most part of the 19th Century. This article studies the social dimension of Arango’s activities through his integration in a La Habanasettled family with presence and projection in Madrid, which set up a network of relations and useful friendship at the upper levels of power. Research has been made in the Archivo Histórico Nacional and in the Archivo Histórico de Protocolos Notariales de Madrid.

    La presencia en Madrid en 1788 del cubano Francisco Arango y Parreño sancionó un proceso de reciprocidad entre España y Cuba que permaneció durante buena parte del siglo XIX. Este estudio nos aproxima a la dimensión social de las actividades de Arango, a partir de su integración en una familia afincada en La Habana pero con presencia y proyección en Madrid y forjador de una red de relaciones y amistades útiles en las altas instancias del poder. Las fuentes documentales provienen del Archivo Histórico Nacional y del Archivo Histórico de Protocolos Notariales de Madrid.

  2. La huelga de 1917 en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oscar Hernández Chinarro

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available We found a huge number of studies on the various aspects that came together in Spain 1917 (crisis of the Restoration, Juntas, Parliamentary Assembly, etc., but it is unlikely, that historians have not delved into the events during that year in Madrid, namely, General Strike. Social tension Spain who lived in the early twentieth century, erupted in the summer of 1917 when for the first time in history was summoned indefinite strike, whose objectives were no longer working type but political. This article analyzes the roots, development and consequences of the strike during the events between 13 and 18 August 1917 in Madrid.

  3. Inmigrantes extranjeros y vivienda marginal en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1993-01-01

    Madrid, la comunidad receptora de inmigrantes extranjeros más importante de España, tiene ya planteado un serio problema de integración con la población procedente de países del Tercer Mundo y Portugal. «Los inmigrantes de los países débiles están ampliando la base de la pobreza en Madrid. En su mayoría, ios extranjeros del Tercer Mundo están formando parte de los estratos pobres y marginados de la ciudad» (GIMÉNEZ, C. 1992).

  4. Ciudad Mercado, infraestructura en red. Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Carruthers, Luz María

    2016-01-01

    Los mercados de abastos de Madrid atraviesan uno profunda crisis que conlleva su decadencia arquitectónica. Si bien han sido una pieza el clave en la construcción social y urbana de Madrid. no son considerados una infraestructura, lo cual repercute en el tipo y calidad de intervenciones a los que se los somete. Recuperar su condición infraestructura, supone pensar en los mercados como red, enfocándose en las interacciones que plantean con el entorno a múltiples escalas. Éstas, pueden deber...

  5. Nutrición enteral domiciliaria en la Comunidad de Madrid Home enteral nutrition in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Castaño Escudero

    2004-03-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: El consumo de productos de nutrición enteral domiciliaria financiados por el Sistema Nacional de Salud ha experimentado un notable incremento. El objetivo del trabajo es conocer su evolución durante los últimos cuatro años (1998-2001, las diferencias de precio de facturación de un mismo producto y la ocupación de mercado de los distintos preparados. Ámbito: Analizando las recetas de la Seguridad Social que fueron dispensadas por farmacias de Madrid, se ha realizado un estudio atendiendo a tipo de producto, número de envases, importe y empresas fabricantes. Al ser productos sujetos a la Ley de Defensa de la Competencia, los datos de importe se han tomado individualmente de cada receta. Resultados: Son importantes los aumentos entre noviembre de 1998 y mayo de 2000 del consumo de envases (66,6% e importe (supera el 100%. El consumo se reparte de manera desigual entre tres empresas. El precio medio aumenta un 25,9%, disminuyendo la utilización de productos estándar a favor de productos modificados más específicos. La diferencia de precio de facturación del mismo producto, dependiendo de la farmacia que lo dispense, llega a un 120%. Conclusiones: El consumo en envases observa un crecimiento tendencial mantenido hasta el año 2000, ralentizándose en el 2001, no así en importe que mantiene su tendencia ascendente. Se incrementan los preparados envasados para administración con sistemas de infusión continua.Objective: The comsumption of products of home enteral nutrition financed by the national system of health, has experimented a remarkable increment. The purpose of this present paper is to evaluate the changes during the last four years (1998-2001, the differences between the costs in which a product is checked and the market occupation of each product. Scope: Analysing the official social security forms which were dispensed by pharmacies of Madrid, a study was realized attending to type of product, number of units, cost

  6. El «Teatro Francés» de Madrid (1851-1861

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ojeda, Pedro

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study is to analize the French plays staged by French troupes in Madrid between 1851 and 1861 and the repercussion it had on the Spanish theater of that time. During these nine seasons theater-lovers had the opportunity to see nearly 400 French works in their original version, the titles of which are to be found in an appendix to this study. The works can be catalogued in a variety of subgenres —comedies, dramas, operas, operettas, etc.—, but Madrid theater-goers preferred vaudeville.El objetivo de este trabajo es el análisis del teatro francés representado por compañías francesas en Madrid en la década de 1851 a 1861 y las repercusiones que tuvo para el mundo teatral de la época. En este período, durante nueve temporadas, los aficionados al teatro pudieron presenciar la puesta en escena de cerca de cuatrocientos textos dramáticos en francés, cuyos títulos se ofrecen en un apéndice. Aunque se ejecutaron comedias, dramas, óperas, operetas y otras modalidades, el género preferido fue el vaudeville.

  7. La ampliación del Metro en la periferia de Madrid (1999-2011

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Á Alonso-Neira

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El crecimiento de población y empleo en la metrópoli de Madrid implica un aumento de la movilidad y de su complejidad. Este trabajo analiza cómo influye esta situación en el planeamiento de los transportes públicos del gobierno de Madrid, cuyo principal esfuerzo inversor se ha centrado desde 1999 en la ampliación de la red de Metro hacia los municipios que rodean la ciudad. El análisis de la eficiencia de estas ampliaciones ofrece los siguientes resultados: i el menor coste de la inversión de metro ligero ha permitido reducir los problemas financieros de los gobiernos madrileños; y ii la demanda por los nuevos servicios de transporte aumenta durante los primeros años, aunque desciende posteriormente. Estas conclusiones sugieren la complejidad de las decisiones económicas y políticas de estas ampliaciones, adaptadas a la evolución policéntrica y dispersa de Madrid.

  8. Laringoespasmo durante la anestesia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lincoln de la Parte Pérez

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realiza una revisión bibliográfica sobre los factores que desencadenan laringoespasmo durante la administración de la anestesia. Se describen los síntomas y las medidas de tratamiento indicadas en estos casos, así como las medidas preventivas para evitar su desencadenamiento.A literature review of the factors that lead to laryngospam during the administration of anesthesia is made. Observed symptoms and indicated treatments for these cases are described together with the preventive measures to avoid laryngospam.

  9. Proposed New Madrid NWR Contaminant Survey

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The area studied in this report is near New Madrid in southeast Missouri. This area consists of the St. John's Bayou, 8,500 acres and Eagle's Nest area, 3,500 acres....

  10. Palinocam Network: airborne pollen vigilance in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Patricia Cervigón Morales

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Asthma Regional Programme started to give up in 1992 with four big areas. Palinocam network project was first set up in Madrid as a part of Asthma Regional Programme, comprised in a wider Environmental Subprogram: Palynological Network of Madrid Region (PALINOCAM NETWORK.Palynological network is a multidisciplinary organization which has been working since 1993. In that moment an Experts Committee was created with This Experts Committee is coordinated by the Public Health Institute, under the technical Direction of Faculty of Pharmacy and is integrated by all of the involved institutions. This juridical framework is completed with individual agreements signed between the Councils and the Public Health Department, and with a Collaboration Agreement signed with the Madrid ́s Complutense University Faculty of Pharmacy.This network main aim is to watch for aerobiological content in Madrid's air, for a best knowledge of patients expositions in each geographical area in en different moment. This information has a great interest for Public Health.Palinocam Network is a useful tool in Public Health for offering information of aerobiological levels by Internet and Telephonic Service yearly .In this way allergic patients, sanitarians and media can know the most frequent pollen types in each season and its airborne level.

  11. Colegio Alemán Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Scmoebel, Willi

    1962-09-01

    Full Text Available El edificio del Colegio Alemán en Madrid es un Centro docente cuidadosamente proyectado y construido con especial cariño, circunstancias estas que han permitido un logro perfecto y son la causa de que podamos catalogarlo como ejemplar en su género.

  12. Nuevos sondeos de investigación geológica en .el área de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo Sorando, J. P.

    1985-04-01

    Full Text Available Three new drillings, deeping from 180 to 260 m, were holed in the urban area of Madrid during 1983. The drillings aimed to test the lithostratigraphic relationships within Miocene deposits that form the subsurface of this city.
    D.rilling SGOP-l was placed in Av. Portugal and it dept until 256 m. The stratigraphic sequences is made up mainly by arkosic sands and sandy-clayey deposits, throughing down greenish lutites and a few gypsum beds.
    Drilling SGOP-2 was placed in San Blas. It dept until 203 m and it cutted three main lithostratigraphic units that might be correlated with nearby autcropping miocene deposits in eastern Madrid. At the same, dril1ing SGOP-3 cross over those units in Vallecas, southern Madrid. Herein, drilling stopped at 180 m.
    A correlation network may be stablished from these new data when they are compared with previous subsurface information of Madrid.

    Se describen en este trabajo las columnas litológicas correspondientes a tres sondeos de investigación geológica realizados durante el año 1983 en el casco urbano de Madrid. Dichos sondeos tienen como objetivo contribuir al análisis de la repartición de litofacies en el sector del subsuelo de Madrid, donde tienen lugar los principales cambios de facies que configuran el sistema deposicional durante el Mioceno medio en este área.
    El sondeo SGOP-l se ubica en la Avenida de Portugal, con una profundidad total de 256 metros. La columna obtenida consta esencialmente de depósitos arcósicos finos, con términos arcillosos y algunos niveles evaporíticos en su parte inferior.
    El sondeo SGOP-2 está emplazado en el barrio de San Blas, con una profundidad de 203 metros y atraviesa tres unidades litoestratigráficas bien diferenciadas, en parte correlacionables con los niveles aflorantes al este del núcleo urbano. Una columna similar es obtenida en el sondeo SGOP-3, en Vallecas, con una profundidad final de 180 metros.
    Se presenta un ensayo

  13. durante el embarazo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Falcón Romero

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El consumo de drogas de abuso durante el embarazo supone una situación de riesgo objetivo sobre la salud del feto que difícilmente puede justifi carse desde una perspectiva basada únicamente en la libertad de la embarazada. Desde un análisis ético-jurídico parece razonable instaurar una política de prevención basada en la protección de los derechos del ser más vulnerable, en este caso el embrión o el feto. La libertad de decisión supone la capacidad de asumir riesgos de carácter personal, pero no debería suponer la posibilidad de imponer esos riesgos a terceras personas y más aún cuando estos carecen de la capacidad de elegir.

  14. Variación del perfil de consumo de sustancias en la unidad de desintoxicación del Hospital Psiquiátrico de Madrid: 1994-1999.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ana González Rodríguez

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio compara los perfiles y patrones de consumo de los pacientes ingresados en la Unidad de Desintoxicación del Hospital Psiquiátrico de Madrid durante los años 1.994 y el 1.999.

  15. Casas y jardines nobles de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    1981-01-01

    Cuando en 1787 el viajero inglés William Beckford visita en Madrid a la duquesa de Berwick, elogia su palacio el «más espléndido de Madrid :.., del más puro estilo parisino moderno» (1). Al margen de lo desacertado de la filiación estilística de la arquitectura del palacio, más vinculado a nuestro juicio a prototipos italianos, Beckford, quería referirse especialmente al carácter exento del edificio y al «espacioso patio de entrada», sobre el que en el siglo xix surgiría la pradera y árboles ...

  16. Madrid, destino turístico de posguerra. Los carteles de Madrid editados por la Dirección General de Turismo 1939-1951

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rocío Herrero Riquelme

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available La promoción turística siempre ha necesitado iconos y figuras. Imágenes que identifiquen un lugar con el fin de actuar como una ventana abierta al mundo para mostrar los paisajes, los rincones y los monumentos de una ciudad y ofrecerlo de la forma más atractiva y sugerente posible. Este estudio trata de la percepción de Madrid en los carteles que se editaron durante la Dirección General de Turismo, organismo encargado de gestionar el turismo español desde 1939 a 1951. De esta manera, comprobaremos los dibujos y las instantáneas que pretendieron hacer de la capital del país un destino merecedor para aquellos turistas decididos a conocer la España de la posguerra.

  17. Instrumentación GPS de pruebas de carga en el Nuevo Puente de Ventas sobre la M-30 en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Prieto Morin, Juan Francisco; Luján Diaz, Antonio M.; Martínez Cutillas, Antonio

    2000-01-01

    Se muestra en este artículo el trabajo realizado durante las pruebas de carga de puesta en servicio del Nuevo Puente de Ventas sobre la M-30 de Madrid, con el fin de determinar los desplazamientos producidos mediante la aplicación de técnicas GPS, así como la discusión de precisiones obtenidas y posibilidades que encierra este tipo de sistemas de instrumentación de deformaciones en obra civil.

  18. New semi-detached home - Combined heating system using a wood-fired storage oven and a balanced ventilation system; Neubau Doppeleinfamilienhaus, Am Birkenweg 8, 6280 Hochdorf - Kombination von Holzspeicherofen und Lueftung in einem Gebaeude im Minergiestandard, Erfolgskontrolle 1999-2000 - Schlussbericht

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Langenick, I.

    2000-12-15

    This report for the Swiss Federal Office of Energy (SFOE) discusses the results of a performance review for the period 1999 - 2000. A new semi-detached home in Hochdorf, Switzerland, built to 'Minergie' low energy consumption standards, was the subject of the review. The authors state that the combination of a wood-fired storage oven heating system combined with the balanced ventilation system is basically a new concept. The operation of the heating system was monitored during a full heating period, whereby not only the energy-relevant parameters were noted, but also the comfort of the residents. The planning and functioning of the system is discussed. Improvements to the installation are proposed and unsolved problems are mentioned. The extensive measurements carried out by University of Applied Sciences and Architecture in Lucerne, Switzerland, are presented. The report is completed with a comprehensive appendix.

  19. Estacionamientos subterráneos, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    López Saiz, J. M.

    1969-02-01

    Full Text Available Work on five underground parking sites in Madrid was initiated in September 1967. These parking sites were rented by the Madrid Town Council to the firm Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. The engineering, design, and traffic and construction planning of these parking sites was allocated to Viales y Estacionamientos, S. A., whilst the actual construction was carried out by the firm Huarte y Cía., S. A. The five parking sites were located at the Paseo Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca, Plaza Mayor, Plaza de las Cortes and at Calle de Fuencarral, all within the centre of Madrid. These projects are of special interest, since each design represents an advance with respect to the earlier ones in regard to their structural and functional arrangements, with a view to achieving easier construction and less interference with road and pedestrian traffic. In the present article a description is given of each the five parking sites, following the sequence of their construction, which corresponds to the order in which they were design and planned.En septiembre de 1967 comenzaron las obras de cinco estacionamientos subterráneos en Madrid, adjudicadas por el Ayuntamiento en régimen de concesión a Estacionamientos Subterráneos, S. A. Los trabajos de ingeniería de tráfico, proyecto y control fueron encomendados a Viales y Estacionamientos, Sociedad Anteima (VIESA, y la ejecución de las obras se contrató con Huarte y Cía., S. A. Las ubicaciones de los estacionamientos cuya realización se comenta en este artículo son: Paseo de Calvo Sotelo, Plaza del Marqués de Salamanca - Plaza Mayor - Plaza de las Cortes - Calle de Fuencarral. Nos parece muy interesante exponer estas realizaciones, en las que se ve una clara evolución en su esquema estructural y la relación de éste con el esquema funcional, para lograr una mayor facilidad en la ejecución de las obras, junto con una interferencia mínima en superficie con los tráficos rodado y de

  20. Summary report of MINSIS workshop in Madrid

    CERN Document Server

    Alonso, Rodrigo; Blennow, Mattias; Coloma, Pilar; de Gouvea, Andre; Fernandez-Martinez, Enrique; Gavela, Belen; Gonzalez-Garcia, Concha; Hortner, Sergio; Laveder, Marco; Li, Tracey; Lopez-Pavon, Jacobo; Maltoni, Michele; Mena, Olga; Migliozzi, Pasquale; Ota, Toshihiko; Ruiz, Sergio Palomares; Para, Adam; Parke, Stephen J; Rius, Nuria; Schwetz-Mangold, Thomas; Soler, F J P; Sorel, Michel; Yasuda, Osamu; Winter, Walter

    2010-01-01

    Recent developments on tau detection technologies and the construction of high intensity neutrino beams open the possibility of a high precision search for non-standard {\\mu} - {\\tau} flavour transition with neutrinos at short distances. The MINSIS - Main Injector Non-Standard Interaction Search- is a proposal under discussion to realize such precision measurement. This document contains the proceedings of the workshop which took place on 10-11 December 2009 in Madrid to discuss both the physics reach as well as the experimental requirements for this proposal.

  1. Patrimonio Minero: Las caleras de Lozoya, Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    Este trabajo está encuadrado en la tercera fase del proyecto "Arqueología Industrial: Patrimonio Minero-Metalúrgico madrileño", subvencionado por la Comunidad de Madrid. Se trata del inventario de antiguos hornos de fabricación de cal, existentes en localidades de la Sierra Norte (Lozoya). La fabricación de cal por medios artesanales tuvo una cierta importancia en el Alto Valle del Lozoya, sobre todo con vistas a su utilización para encalar las fachadas de las casas o como desinfectante. Se t...

  2. Las tesis doctorales de Farmacia defendidas en España durante el siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Miguel Alonso, Aurora; Alcón Espín, Fernando

    2008-01-01

    El presente catálogo es el inicio de un proyecto destinado a crear el listado de los doctores graduados en la Universidad Central (ahora Universidad Complutense de Madrid) durante el siglo XIX, en las Facultades de Filosofía y Letras, Ciencias, Derecho, Medicina, Teología y Farmacia, y el catálogo de sus tesis doctorales. Este primer trabajo recoge los doctores y tesis presentadas en la Facultad de Farmacia, entre los años 1852 y 1900. El listado se organiza por fecha de lectura, apellidos y ...

  3. Pakistaníes en Madrid: una inmigración inadvertida

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gloria Inés Ospina

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available La inmigración pakistaní en Madrid no es reciente, como la inmigración china, pero sí bastante desconocida. Se instaló en nuestra ciudad durante el "boom económico" de los años noventa. Su característica principal es su favorable grado de integración entre la sociedad madrileña y en los pueblos del área metropolitana. Bajo las directrices de la UE, por medio del Programa de Estocolmo, las políticas de integración de la inmigración señalan la pauta para conseguir un espacio de libertad, justicia y seguridad en Europa que, en definitiva, es el objetivo que buscan los inmigrantes que llegan a nuestro continente.

  4. Cinco cuadros al fresco. Los jardines de recreo en Madrid (1860-1890

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mauricio Sánchez Menchero

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available La necesidad de un trabajo historiográfico sobre el ocio en la edad moderna española demanda estudiar los jardines de recreo. La construcción de este tipo de espacios durante el siglo diecinueve fue no sólo una realidad en algunas ciudades europeas sino también en Madrid. Y es que, en los ámbitos urbanos, la oferta de lugares para la diversión en espacios abiertos y arbolados permitía el paseo y el recreo familiar. De esta forma, los primeros ensayos arquitectónicos pretendían tener, al lado de caminos con parques y riachuelos, una variedad de espectáculos que eran la moda de ese momento: teatro, conciertos, circo, toros, además de la práctica de deportes y la exhibición de globos y de animales.

  5. Military Equipment in the Byzantine Manuscript of Scylitzes in Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bruhn Hoffmeyer, Ada

    1966-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the present paper is to provide an introduction to the military equipment of the Second Golden Age of the Byzantine empire as represented not by the text of Scylitzes but by the illuminators of this marvellous manuscript, the relations of the illuminations to the actual weapons and their chronology.

    El propósito de este trabajo es proporcionar una introducción al equipamiento militar durante la Segunda Edad de Oro del Imperio Bizantino, tal y como se representa no a través del texto, sino de las iluminaciones, del manuscrito Scylitzes de la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid, y la comparación de las iluminaciones con el armamento auténtico y su cronología. [traducción para esta edición electrónica

  6. Conjunto industrial «BINESA», Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbero Rebolledo, Manuel

    1966-02-01

    Full Text Available This project is near Madrid and is intented for the manufacture of pharmaceutical products. It includes a manufacturing section, a storage zone, one devoted to offices, dressing rooms and cafeteria. There is also an elevated water tank, a control house, a bicycle parking place and a transformer hut. The whole set of buildings is of untreated concrete and straw coloured bricks: they add up to a highly varied and beautifully plastic set of space forms.Situado en las proximidades de Madrid, está destinado a la fabricación de productos farmacéuticos y se compone de los siguientes edificios independientes: un núcleo de fabricación y almacenamiento y otro de oficinas, vestuario y cafetería. Forman parte también del conjunto: un depósito elevado, la caseta de control, un bicicletero y una caseta de transformación. Todo ello en hormigón visto y ladrillo pajizo, componiendo volúmenes de gran variedad y belleza plástica.

  7. Pasarela atirantada sobre el Manzanares en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil, Miguel A.

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available A new cable-stayed pedestrian bridge which has just been built in Madrid is presented in this pap ero The structure has an innovative design where tubular elements have been used to salve some specífic structural and f ormal problems . Four aspects are mainly addressed in this pap er: designo analysis, construction and structural behaviour. In each one ofthese parts the most characteristic and innovative aspects ofthe project are presentedEn este artículo se presenta una nueva pasarela atirantada que se acaba de construir en Madrid. Se trata de una estructura innovadora tanto por el esquema de atirantamiento como por la utilización de elementos tubulares para resol ver tanto problemas estructurales como formales. En el artículo se tratan los cuatro aspectos fundamentales del proyecto: diseño, cálculo. construcción y comportamiento estructural. En cada uno de estos apartados se tratan específicamente los aspectos más característicos e innovadores del proyecto.

  8. Jerónimo Grimaldi, enviado extraordinario de la república de Génova en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paulino García Diego

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available Jerónimo Grimaldi y Pallavicini, embajador de España durante los reinados de Felipe V, Fernando VI y Carlos III y responsable de la primera secretaria de Estado y de Despacho entre 1763 y 1776, es una figura relativamente ausente de la investigación histórica. Este olvido es particularmente acusado en el caso de su actividad diplomática, que desempeñó durante más de tres décadas y que comenzó con su designación como enviado extraordinario de la república de Génova en Madrid.Jerónimo Grimaldi y Pallavicini, ambassador in the service of Philip V, Ferdinand VI and Charles III, served as Spanish Chief Minister between 1763 and 1776. Grimaldi has been relatively forgotten by the Spanish historians. This fact is particularly remarkable if we take into account his extensive career as diplomat —more than thirty years—,whose first step was his appointment as envoy extraordinary of the Genoa republic to Madrid.

  9. The Residence for Women Students of Madrid in the Spanish Second Republic: between high culture and social splendor

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raquel Vázquez Ramil

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In October of 1915 the Board for Advanced Studies and Scientific Research (JAE opens in Madrid the Women’s Group of the Students’ Residence, called Women’s Residence (Residencia de Señoritas, with the aim of being the home of women who visited Madrid for studying in University or for getting some culture. Women’s Residence, as well as Students’ Residence, was not only a convenient accommodation; following the inspiration of the Institución Libre de Enseñanza, it provided the residents with means of intellectual encouragement and moral improvement. The cultural and social activity of the Women’s Residence, ran by María de Maeztu, was outstanding in the twenties and in the Second Republic until the dramatic cut of the Civil War. This work analyzes the period between 1931 and 1936, using documentary of the Women’s Residence Archive, hemerographic sources of that time and bibliographic sources. The first two years of the Second Republic were vibrant; from 1933 on there is a trend towards to substitute cultural events for basic formative activities directed to non University women. Nevertheless, in the years previous to the Civil War, the Women’s Residence of Madrid was a privileged stage of conferences, soirées and courses of first level, unparalleled with any other women’s educational institution of the time. How to reference this article Vázquez Ramil, R. (2015. La Residencia de Señoritas de Madrid durante la II República: entre la alta cultura y el brillo social. Espacio, Tiempo y Educación, 2(1, pp. 323-346. doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.14516/ete.2015.002.001.016

  10. Un patronazgo en conflicto. La Virgen de Peña Sacra y su cofradía de Madrid (siglos XVII-XVIII

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Suárez, Roberto

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available The autor analyzes the aims of a 18th-century brotherhood in Madrid in promoting the cult to an image of Mary of Manzanares el Real, Madrid. This brotherhood, which incorporated and formed part of a specific and plural religious geography, operated in association with two convents of Madrid —Trinidad Calzada and San Felipe el Real— to legitimize the cult. By means of a self-serving campaign of control, the brotherhood destroyed, over decades, any element which could overshadow the cult in every aspect and type of ritual related to celebrations in the honor of Mary: a process that led to the complete manipulation of these celebrations.Se analizan las pretensiones de una cofradía madrileña del siglo XVIII de rendir culto a una imagen mañana venerada en Manzanares el Real (Madrid. Insertada en una geografía religiosa variada y plural, esta cofradía mantuvo contactos con dos conventos madrileños, la Trinidad Calzada y san Felipe el Real, para legitimar su culto. Bajo una interesada campaña de control, consiguió, durante muchos años, eliminar cualquier elemento que pudiera hacerle sombra en todos los modos rituales de la festividad de la Virgen, hasta llegar a su manipulación completa.

  11. Foreign minorities from developing countries in Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rodriguez, V; Aguilera, M J; Gonzalez-yanci, M P

    1993-07-01

    "Spain, which has always been a land of emigrants, is currently a centre of attraction for immigrants, as are other countries in Mediterranean Europe. The proportion is not as high as in other countries with a longer tradition of immigration. In this survey we selected the six nationalities which provide the highest numbers of immigrants from the developing world, and which have the greatest racial or cultural contrast to the native population. We analyse their structural features, whether or not immigrants from the same country...collect in the Madrid Metropolitan Area, the recent mobility of the immigrant population, and the evolution of immigration since the Administration carried out a regularization process, as well as Spaniards' opinion of foreign immigrants."

  12. Chequeo constructivo de fachadas de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monjo Garrió, Juan

    1992-04-01

    Full Text Available This article can be considered as the continuation and culmination of the one published on the number 396, july/august - 1989, under the same headline. Objectives and methodology are reminded of the work done at the Dept. of "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" of the U.P.M., whose scope was the stablishement of a data bank on constructive pathology of facades at Madrid for its study and stadistic analysis. It is completed with a first analysis of the general data of the pathological situation of those facades as well as some characteristic data related to the problem of DETACHING, as a sample of the interest and posibilities of the data bank made.

    Este artículo puede considerarse como la continuación y complemento del publicado bajo el mismo título en el nº 396 de julio/agosto de 1989. En él se recuerdan los objetivos y metodología de trabajo llevado a cabo en el Departamento de "Construcción y Tecnología Arquitectónicas" de la U.P.M., que perseguía la constitución de un banco de datos sobre patología constructiva de fachadas en la ciudad de Madrid para su estudio y análisis estadístico, y se complementa con un primer análisis, tanto de los datos generales del estado patológico de dichas fachadas, como de algunos datos característicos relativos a la lesión DESPRENDIMIENTOS, como muestra del interés y las posibilidades del banco de datos que se ha confeccionado.

  13. Una alabarda procedente del valle del Manzanares (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miguel Ángel de BLAS CORTINA

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Se estudia una alabarda metálica procedente —sin datos precisos de su localización— del valle del Manzanares (Madrid. Posiblemente apareciera con otros materiales (¿puntas Palmela?, pero el hecho no pudo ser comprobado. Fundida en un molde monovalvo que proporciona un acabado homogéneo a una sola de las caras, se integra metalúrgicamente en el grupo E 01 (cobres arsenicales propio de la Península Ibérica durante el Calcolítico y el Bronce Antiguo. Tipológicamente puede ser clasificada como integrante del grupo Carrapatas al que pertenecen un conjunto de alabardas procedentes del N.E. de Portugal (Bragança y Tras os Montes del que se conocen escasos testimonios fuera del área característica. Especialmente significativo es el hallazgo de la finca de la Paloma (Pantoja, Toledo que muestra la asociación entre las alabardas Carrapatas y elementos propios del campaniforme tardío de España y Portugal, circunstancia que permite fechar el tipo entre el 1700-1500 a. de J.C., datación similar a las fechas admitidas para las alabardas irlandesas con las que algunos autores ven posibles relaciones. La existencia de alabardas grabadas en estelas más tardías o en rocas al aire libre plantea el problema de su perduración. No obstante, el carácter simbólico de las armas grabadas puede hacer que sea solamente la imagen representada la que superviva, aunque el arma como tal haya perdido vigencia. La alabarda del Manzanares, junto con las de Pantoja, señala la presencia en la Meseta Sur de elementos metalúrgicos propios del N.W. de la Península en un momento sincrónico con las fases finales del campaniforme.ABSTRACT: We study a metallic halberd found in an indeterminate place in the valley of the river Manzanares (Madrid. It might have appeared with other materials (Palmela Points?, although this fact could not be confirmed. Made in a single-faced mould which allows a homogeneous finish to only one of the sides, it belongs from

  14. The Militant Prison. Ventas (Madrid) and Les Corts (Barcelona)

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fernando HERNÁNDEZ HOLGADO

    2012-01-01

    This work attempts to assess the history of two of the most important prisons of the Franco’s dictactorship, Ventas and Les Corts, corresponding to the most populated Spanish cities, Madrid and Barcelona...

  15. Madrid Symposium Promotes China-Spain Local Government Cooperation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    <正>With the concerted efforts of the CPAFFC and the Spanish Federation of Municipalities and Provinces (SFMP), the China-Spain Local Government Cooperation Symposium was held in Madrid on March 24, 2010.

  16. China-Spain Economic and Trade Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ On June 29, Chi na-Spain Eco nomic and Trade Forum, sponsored jointly by CCPIT, Federation of Spanish Entrepreneur Orga nizations and Spanish Trade and Investment Agency, was held in Madrid, capital of Spain.

  17. De Río a Madrid: límites y posibilidades de las relaciones Unión Europea-América Latina

    OpenAIRE

    Sanahuja, José Antonio

    2003-01-01

    El pasado mes de mayo, durante el semestre de la Presidencia española de la Unión Europea, se celebró en Madrid la II Cumbre de Jefes de Estado y de Gobierno de la Unión Europea y América Latina y el Caribe. Esta reunión debería haber proporcionado un nuevo impulso político a la “Asociación Estratégica” que ambas regiones acordaron en la I Cumbre, celebrada en Río de Janeiro en junio de 1999. Sin embargo, a pesar del tono complaciente de las declaraciones oficiales, la Cumbre de Madrid parece...

  18. Métodos para a estimativa do potencial de rendimento da soja durante a ontogenia Methods for estimating the soybean potential yield during ontogeny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Leonardo Fernandes Pires

    2005-04-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi estudar métodos para a estimativa do potencial de rendimento da soja durante a ontogenia. Os experimentos foram realizados em Eldorado do Sul, RS, durante as safras de 1996/1997, 1999/2000 e 2000/2001. Os tratamentos constaram de cinco cultivares de soja, FT-Saray, IAS 5, IAS 4, FT-Abyara e FEPAGRO RS-10. Cinco métodos foram utilizados para estimar o rendimento que seria obtido se todas as estruturas reprodutivas presentes no florescimento e no início do enchimento de grãos, produzissem grãos na maturação. O potencial de rendimento no florescimento e no enchimento de grãos, apresentou alta correlação com o número de flores e estruturas reprodutivas, respectivamente. Verificou-se, também, correspondência entre os métodos. Não houve, na maioria das vezes, correlações significativas entre o potencial, no florescimento e enchimento de grãos, e o rendimento de grãos na maturação. Os métodos estudados constituem ferramentas importantes para o manejo, quando utilizados para comparar o potencial de rendimento durante a ontogenia.The objective of this work was to study methods to estimate the soybean potential yield during ontogeny. The experiments were performed in Eldorado do Sul, RS, during the growing seasons of 1996/1997, 1999/2000 and 2000/2001. The treatments consisted of five soybean cultivars, FT-Saray, IAS 5, IAS 4, FT-Abyara and FEPAGRO RS-10. It was calculated the potential yield of each cultivar, by five methods, in order to estimate the yield that would be obtained if all the reproductive structures during flowering and beginning of pod filling produced grains at the maturity. Potential yield (during flowering and pod filling presented a high correlation with the number of flowers and reproductive structures, respectively. It was also found a correspondence among the methods. Most of the time, it did not occurred significant correlations between potential (during flowering and pod filling

  19. Wind Energy Department: Scientific and technical progress 1999-2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2001-01-01

    ; test and siting of wind turbines; prediction of wind loads and wind resources as well as methods to determine the dispersion, transformation and effect of air pollution. The present report describes theorganisation of the department and presents selected scientific highlights and results from the two......The activities of the Wind Energy Department fall within boundary layer meteorology, atmospheric turbulence, aerodynamics, aero-acoustics, structural dynamics, machine and construction technology and design of power systems and power system controls. Theobjective is to develop methods for design...

  20. Future technology fuel cells; Zukunftstechnologie Brennstoffzelle. Themen 1999/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hertlein, H.P. (comp.)

    2000-02-01

    The proceedings volume contains 14 papers and presents a survey of the state of the art of fuel cell developments. [German] Dieser Band gibt in 14 Beitraegen einen Ueberblick ueber den Stand der Entwicklung der Brennstoffzellen.

  1. Airborne pollen grains in Bursa, Turkey, 1999-2000,.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bicakci, Adem; Tatlidil, Sevcan; Sapan, Nihat; Malyer, Hulusi; Canitez, Yakup

    2003-01-01

    In this study, pollen grains were sampled by using a Lanzoni trap (Lanzoni VPPS 2000) in atmosphere of Bursa in 1999 and 2000. During two years. a total of 13,991 pollen grains/m3 which belonged to 59 taxa and unidentified pollen grains were recorded. A total of 7.768 pollen grains were identified in 1999 and a total of 6.223 in 2000. From these taxa, 36 belong to arboreal and 23 taxa to non-arboreal plants. Total pollen grains consist of 78.61% arboreal. 20.37% non-arboreal plants and 1.03% unidentified pollen grains. In the region investigated, Pinus sp., Olea sp., Platanus sp., Gramineae, Cupressaceae/Taxaceae, Quercus sp., Acer sp.. Morus sp. Xanthium sp., Castanea sp., Chenopodiaceae/Amaranthaceae, Corvlus sp., Artemisia sp., Urtica sp.and Fraxinus sp. were responsible for the greatest amounts of pollen. During the study period the pollen concentration reached its highest level in April.

  2. Annual Trapping Program 1999-2000 Blackwater NWR

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge trapping plan outlines trapping areas, species, regulations, equipment, and seasons. This plan will allow harvest of a...

  3. Profiles of the Regional Educational Laboratories, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spencer, Lynn M.; Stonehill, Robert M.

    This handbook describes the mission of each of the 10 Regional Educational Laboratories in the U.S. The laboratories ensure that those involved in educational improvement at the local, state, and regional levels have access to the best available information from research and practice, thus guaranteeing that lessons about school reform that are…

  4. Numerical modelling of mine workings: annual update 1999/2000.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    De wet Strydom, JP

    2000-08-01

    Full Text Available piezo ceramic element. The mechanical energy is converted into electrical energy by the piezo element, and then dissipated in the resistor. The inductor is used to tune the circuit to a certain resonant frequency. 9 1.6 Scope of this research Human... when multiple anti-resonant frequencies are required. The problem with conventional absorbers is, as Flannelly (1963) describes in his article on the dynamic anti-resonant absorber, that it requires very large static deflections, and thus very soft...

  5. Annual Trapping Proposal (1999-2000): Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge

    Data.gov (United States)

    US Fish and Wildlife Service, Department of the Interior — Furbearer trapping on Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge continues to be an important management tool in meeting overall refuge objectives. Wetland habitats, dike...

  6. ANSTO strategic plan 1996/1997-1999/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-31

    This Strategic Plan for ANSTO is the result of major reviews of its processes, capabilities, activities, performance and structures. It responds to the views of its stakeholders to provide Australia with the capacity to benefit from the peaceful uses of nuclear science and technology. Five core areas are identified. Within these areas, the quality services are being delivered and the development of knowledge has the potential for generating future economic benefits, as well as for sustaining essential nuclear-related capabilities. In addition, the strategic plan provides the framework through which ANSTO will provide specific, on demand scientific services to government, industry, academia and research organisations. The plan sets out objectives and strategies which the Board and ANSTO staff believe will ensure that the organisation will continue to fulfil its mission. The plan also identifies the planning processes and the mechanisms for performance evaluation

  7. A Guide to 1999-2000 SARs and ISIRs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Office of Postsecondary Education, Washington DC. Student Financial Assistance Programs.

    This guide is intended to help financial aid administrators (FAAs) interpret student financial aid information that appears in the Student Aid Report (SAR), a paper output document sent to the student, or in an Institutional Student Information Record (ISIR), which is an electronic record sent to the institution. The guide explains the codes and…

  8. Numerical modelling of mine workings: annual update 1999/2000.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Lightfoot, N

    1999-09-01

    Full Text Available The SIMRAC project GAP629 has two aspects. Firstly, the production of an updated edition of the guidebook Numerical Modelling of Mine Workings. The original document was launched to the South African mining industry in April 1999. Secondly...

  9. Imported malaria in pregnancy in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jiménez Beatriz C

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Malaria in pregnancy is associated with maternal and foetal morbidity and mortality in endemic areas, but information on imported cases to non-endemic areas is scarce. The aim of this study was to describe the clinical and epidemiological characteristics of malaria in pregnancy in two general hospitals in Madrid, Spain. Methods Retrospective descriptive study of laboratory-confirmed malaria in pregnant women at the Fuenlabrada University Hospital and the Príncipe de Asturias University Hospital, in Madrid, over a six- and 11-year period, respectively. Relevant epidemiological, clinical and laboratory data was obtained from medical records. Results There were 19 pregnant women among 346 malaria cases (5.4%. The average age was 27 years. The gestational age (trimester was: 53% 3rd, 31% 1st, 16% 2nd. All but one were multigravidae. Three were HIV positive. All were sub-Saharan immigrants: two were recently arrived immigrants and seventeen (89% had visited friends and relatives. None had taken prophylaxis nor seeked pre-travel advice. Presentation: 16 symptomatic patients (fever in fourteen, asthenia in two, three asymptomatic. Median delay in diagnosis: 7.5 days. Laboratory tests: anaemia (cut off Hb level 11 g/dl 78.9% (mild 31.6%, moderate 31.6%, severe 15.8% thrombocytopaenia 73.7%, hypoglycaemia 10.5%. All cases were due to Plasmodium falciparum, one case of hyperparasitaemia. Quinine + clindamycin prescribed in 84%. Outcomes: no severe maternal complications or deaths, two abortions, fifteen term pregnancies, no low-birth-weight newborns, two patients were lost to follow-up. Conclusions Though cases of malaria in pregnancy are uncommon, a most at risk group is clearly defined: young sub-Saharan mothers visiting friends and relatives without pre-travel counselling and recently-arrived immigrants. The most common adverse maternal and foetal effects were anaemia and stillbirth. Given that presentation can be asymptomatic

  10. El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández-Mayoralas Fernández, Gloria

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to study the residential environment and its perception by the elderly people ageing in place in Madrid, to obtain a better knowledge of the elements to modify in order to increase their satisfaction. The Censo de Población y Vivienda (1991 and the Survey Ageing in Place (1998 are used. In general terms, old people live in old houses, as owners, not crowded but with lack of facilities. These people have been living for a long time in the same neighbourhood, an environment affected by the problems characteristic of big cities, and are integrated in the neighbour by means of activities requiring not to much physical or financial effort. Residential lacks affect mainly to that groups with social and economic vulnerability: female, lower income and educational level, worse health status,... So, two out ten aged people would move mainly due to the negative conditions of habitability, adaptation and facilities. Moreover, reasons for not moving are related to the force of habit, the memories, or consequence of age, bad health or less resources.

    [es] El entorno residencial de los mayores en Madrid. El objetivo de este artículo es estudiar el ámbito residencial de los mayores que envejecen en su casa y la percepción que tienen sobre este medio, para obtener un mejor conocimiento de los aspectos que deberían modificarse a fin de incrementar su satisfacción. Las fuentes utilizadas son el Censo de Población y Vivienda de 1991 y la Encuesta Envejecer en Casa de 1998. A grandes rasgos, los viejos madrileños viven en casas viejas, de las que son propietarios, sin problemas de hacinamiento pero con carencias dotacionales. Durante la mayor parte de su vida adulta han residido en el mismo barrio, un entorno que actualmente está afectado por los problemas propios de las grandes ciudades, y en el que se integran socialmente mediante actividades que no requieren demasiado esfuerzo físico o monetario. Las deficiencias

  11. [Authoritarian attitudes and violence in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moreno Martín, F

    1999-01-01

    One of the objectives of the Multicentric Study on Cultural Norms and Attitudes Toward Violence (Estudio Multicéntrico sobre Actitudes y Normas Culturales frente a la Violencia, the ACTIVA project) is to analyze the relationship between those attitudes that foster violence and the violent behaviors themselves. This article examines the relationship between attitudes and two components of violence: its justification and its actual occurrence. Data were collected in Madrid between October and December 1996 from a representative sample of 1,219 people, who were interviewed at home with the common questionnaire used for the ACTIVA project, with some additional questions. Overall, the sample respondents scored low on the authoritarianism scale. Persons who most strongly justified the use of violence scored higher on authoritarianism, along with those who customarily displayed a higher level of aggression. Attitudes that were more strongly authoritarian were found in low-income neighborhoods, in people who were not part of the workforce, in people with less education, and in those persons who described themselves as having a right-wing ideology. If people who are more authoritarian justify and practice violence more than others, it becomes necessary to encourage criticism of those who abuse their power and tolerance toward differences, in order to prevent such behaviors without disregarding the influence of the social variables previously mentioned.

  12. El patrimonio industrial urbano de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J. Pardo Abad

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la trascendencia del patrimonio industrial de la ciudad de Madrid desde un punto de vista geográfico y, a la vez, histórico en el que se expone la evolución de la industrialización madrileña desde el siglo XIX hasta el momento actual, incluyéndose también las fundaciones de las manufacturas reales de tipo preindustrial del siglo XVIII. Como consecuencia de dicho desarrollo hay un patrimonio industrial que merece ser destacado por sus valores culturales y sus posibilidades de reutilización, aunque más escaso que en otras ciudades de más intensa industrialización. Se exponen los casos más significativos tanto del patrimonio preindustrial como del industrial desaparecido y de aquel otro que ha sido preservado y recuperado para nuevos usos como legado del pasado fabril de la ciudad.

  13. El patrimonio industrial urbano de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos J. Pardo Abad

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available El artículo analiza la trascendencia del patrimonio industrial de la ciudad de Madrid desde un punto de vista geográfico y, a la vez, histórico en el que se expone la evolución de la industrialización madrileña desde el siglo XIX hasta el momento actual, incluyéndose también las fundaciones de las manufacturas reales de tipo preindustrial del siglo XVIII. Como consecuencia de dicho desarrollo hay un patrimonio industrial que merece ser destacado por sus valores culturales y sus posibilidades de reutilización, aunque más escaso que en otras ciudades de más intensa industrialización. Se exponen los casos más significativos tanto del patrimonio preindustrial como del industrial desaparecido y de aquel otro que ha sido preservado y recuperado para nuevos usos como legado del pasado fabril de la ciudad.

  14. La nueva embajada alemana, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schoebel Ungria, G.

    1967-02-01

    Full Text Available This embassy involves two buildings, which, because of their style, appropriate aspect, the fine taste of their design, and the highly efficient manner in which the volumes agree with the building site, constitutes a singular ornament to one of the best zones of Madrid. All the materials are traditional in Spanish constructional practice, and were carefully chosen: their full plastic and chromatic quality being well utilised.Los dos edificios que componen el conjunto constituyen, por su tratamiento, por su representatividad, por el gusto con que han sido construidos y por el respetuoso trato dado a los volúmenes del aprovechamiento autorizado, un ornato singular en una de las zonas más nobles y vistosas de la capital de España. Todos los materiales empleados son los tradicionales del país anfitrión y fueron elegidos con esmero, conservándolos en toda su pureza plástica de carácter y cromática.

  15. National Environmental Research Institute. Report and activities 1999-2000; DMU - Beretning og aktiviteter 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pedersen, J.C. [ed.

    2000-07-01

    This annual review published by National Environmental Research Institute, NERI, treats the activities in 1999 and briefly the planned activities in 1999. Research in arctic and global environment, aquatic environment and nature, atmospheric environment, risk assessment of chemical substances and biotecnology products, terrestrisk environment and nature, and analyses are described. The aim of NERI is to develope and implement methods to promote a consistency of political priorities with regard to Danish research and to perform the function of intermediary organ and also to advise public authorities and private firms. (EHS)

  16. Complement to the 1999-2000 progress report; Complement au rapport d'activite 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    Among a lot of achievements relevant to INIS we can note: -) the status of the work on GLAST (gamma-ray large area space telescope) and on the Celeste telescope; -) the study of the energy and angular distributions of the fast outgoing electron beam produced in the interaction of a laser beam with a thin plastic foil and a gas jet; -) the investigation of the excitation of the 76 eV energy level of U{sup 235} by a YAG laser radiation; -) the feasibility study of a dating method of wines based on the gamma spectroscopy of specific rays of K{sup 40} and Cs{sup 137}; -) the study of nuclei beyond the proton drip line by determining the missing mass spectrum from complete kinematics measurements of the reaction products; -) the beta decay half-lives of proton-rich Kr{sup 78} fragments have been determined for all nuclei between Z = 27 and 36; -) a beta decay scheme is proposed for P{sup 26} and S{sup 27} including beta delayed one and two proton emission and gamma ray spectroscopy; -) the observation of the 2-proton emission decay of the Fe{sup 45} fundamental state; -) the measurement of the radiative capture cross-section of I{sup 129}; -) the measurement of the fission cross-section of U{sup 233} induced by fast neutrons; -) the investigation of intermediate mass fragments observed in coincidence with 2 correlated fission fragments following incomplete fusion in C{sup 12} + Th{sup 232} at E/A = 16 and 22 MeV; and -) the status of the single ion irradiation system used for the irradiation of biological samples. (A.C.)

  17. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII Bread provision in seventeenth century Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.Bread market was the most important provision markets, so the complexity of intervention system. The aim of provision policy was to guarantee the continuous supply of bread at moderate and stable prices. The means included the regulation the price, the direct provision by the public granary and, in the case of the court, the named registered bread. This paper examines the tax policy, the government requirements and the movement of bread prices in Madrid and wheat prices in the markets of origin.

  18. La Gazeta de Madrid y la Guerra de Sucesión

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El artículo estudia el papel que desempeñó la Gazeta de Madrid durante la Guerra de Sucesión en España, tema inédito. Desde el siglo XVII las Cortes europeas disponían de publicaciones periódicas que amparaban o subvencionaban a cambio de controlar los contenidos y de que en ellas apareciesen todas las noticias que favoreciesen a las diversas Coronas. En España la primera Gazeta a favor de la monarquía surgió también en el siglo XVII fue una concesión del rey Felipe IV a su hijo bastardo Juan José de Austria. Es esta misma Gazeta (tras pasar por diferentes vicisitudes, la que recoge los acontecimientos de 1701 a 1714. Como vamos a comprobar, la publicación silencia las derrotas y los desastres, y magnifica las victorias y los éxitos de las tropas reales; y deja muy claro quiénes eran los amigos del monarca.ABSTRACT: This article studies the role that la Gazeta de Madrid had during the Spanish Succession War, a subject that has not been investigated before. Since the XVII century, European Courts had periodical publications that were supported or funded to control the information. Therefore, these publications only printed news approved by the Spanish Royalty and that favoured the different Crowns. In Spain, this first royalist Gazette in favour of monarchy also began in the XVII century and was a concession of Felipe IV to his bastard son, Juan José de Austria. This is also the Gazette, after different problems were overcome, that published information about the 1701-14 events. As we can see, the gazette remains silent about the defeats and magnifies the triumphs and successes of the royal troops, and gives a clear idea of who were the monarch’s friends.

  19. La Diosa Blanca y el Real Madrid. Celebraciones deportivas y espacio urbano

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available One of the most frequent topics analyzed by anthropologists studying the social and cultural expressions around football is the relation between the soccer teams and the cities where they are based. In this paper an introduction is presented to the uses, both symbolic and practical, of the urban space by the soccer hooligans in Madrid and other Spanish cities. Specifically it treats the controversial question of the seizure in the last decades of some elements of the urban heritage (monuments, squares, fountains, etc. by huge concentration of hooligans celebrating the victories of their teams in the championships. The analysis of these “football parties” focuses on the various social agents playing a role in the definition of heritage and the possibilities of its public use.

    Las relaciones que tienen los equipos de fútbol con sus ciudades ha sido uno de los aspectos destacados más frecuentemente por los antropólogos dedicados al estudio de las manifestaciones sociales y culturales desarrolladas alrededor de este deporte. En este trabajo se parte de una presentación de las condiciones de uso, prácticas y simbólicas, del espacio urbano por parte de los hinchas de fútbol en Madrid y otras ciudades españolas. Concretamente se expone la cuestión polémica de la apropiación de ciertos elementos del patrimonio urbano (monumentos, plazas, fuentes ocurrida durante las últimas décadas en las grandes concentraciones que tienen lugar con motivo de la celebración de las victorias de los clubes en los campeonatos. El análisis de estas “fiestas del fútbol” se centrará en los diferentes agentes sociales que juegan un papel en la definición de los bienes patrimoniales y las posibilidades de uso del espacio público.

  20. PASEO URBANO POR LA CIUDAD DE MADRID: PLAZA DE LA MONCLOA, CALLE DE LA PRINCESA Y PLAZA DE ESPAÑA.

    OpenAIRE

    Clemente Herrero Fabregat

    1997-01-01

    En este artículo se va a proponer la realizaciónde un trabajo de campo urbano dirigido aalumnos de Educación Secundaria, con unaduración de cuatro horas, por una zona deMadrid, cuyo origen hay que encontrarlo en elensanche del siglo XIX. Fue reordenada en losaños cuarenta, debido a la situación de losfrentes durante la guerra civil y posteriormenteal intento de creación de una arquitecturaque se ha denominado del "Nuevo orden", quequedó en mera quimera urbanística desde elfin de la segunda gu...

  1. Conductas sexuales de riesgo y prevalencia de infección por VIH en hombres con prácticas homo/bisexuales en la comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Cañellas S.; Perez de la Paz J.; Noguer I.; Villaamil F.; García Berrocal M. L.; Fuente L. de la; Belza MJ.; Castilla J.

    2000-01-01

    Fundamento: Analizar las conductas sexuales de riesgo para la infección por VIH, el uso de medidas de prevención y la prevalencia autoinformada de infección por VIH en varones asociados a una de las principales asociaciones de homosexuales de la Comunidad de Madrid. Metodos: Estudio transversal realizado durante 1997-1998, mediante un cuestionario anónimo remitido por correo. Se analizan las características sociodemográficas, la frecuencia de uso del preservativo en las distintas prácticas se...

  2. Beneficios del acompañamiento a la mujer por la matrona durante el trabajo de parto y puerperio

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez Gallego, Isabel; Partida Márquez, Antonio Luis; Castro Guerrero, Carmen

    2015-01-01

    Cartel presentado en la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Comunicación en Salud, celebrada el 23 de octubre de 2015 en la Universidad Carlos III de Madrid Introducción: En 2008, el Ministerio de Sanidad y Consumo lanza la “Estrategia de Atención al Parto normal en el Sistema Nacional de Salud”, dónde se reconoce el derecho de la embarazada a estar acompañada por la persona que ella elija durante el embarazo, parto y puerperio. Por otro lado, ofrecer apoyo continuo profesional está descr...

  3. War photographers: the photographic coverage of the Spanish Civil War in Madrid (1936-1939 Fotógrafos de guerra: la cobertura fotográfica de la Guerra Civil Española en Madrid (1936-1939

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatriz de las Heras

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available The target of this communication consists in analyzing the role developed by press photographers, both national and international, who worked in Madrid during the Spanish Civil War. In this way, we will reflect on their working conditions, the limitations in their activities and the control exerted by the authorities in charge. We will also approach a highly interesting point to those who study the image as a knowledge source of the past: the different ways press photographers had to “look into” depending on the channel in which their work is distributed. El objetivo de esta comunicación es aproximarnos al papel desarrollado por los fotógrafos, nacionales e internacionales, que trabajaron en la ciudad de Madrid durante la Guerra Civil Española. De este modo reflexionaremos acerca de sus condiciones de trabajo, las limitaciones en su actividad y el control ejercido por las autoridades responsables, y abordaremos una cuestión altamente interesante para aquellos que estudiamos la imagen como fuente de conocimiento del pasado: las distintas maneras de “mirar” que tienen los fotógrafos dependiendo del canal por el que se distribuye su trabajo.

  4. O Mapa das Cortes e o Tratado de Madrid: a cartografia a serviço da diplomacia The Mapa das Cortes and the Treaty of Madrid: cartography and diplomacy in Portugal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mário Clemente Ferreira

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo pretende salientar a importância do emprego de mapas durante o processo negocial que conduziu à assinatura do Tratado de Madrid em 1750. Procura conhecer o processo de elaboração e as fontes utilizadas na "construção" do Mapa das Cortes, datado de 1749, destacando as viciações que apresenta. Avalia também a importância deste para a consecução do objectivo pretendido com aquelas negociações: o reconhecimento pela Espanha da ocupação territorial alcançada por Portugal no interior da América do Sul em meados do século XVIII.This article intends to discuss the importance of use of maps during the political negotiation that result in the signature of the Treaty of Madrid, between Portugal and Spain, in 1750. Studies the process of "production" of the 1749's Mapa das Cortes, analyzing the sources utilized, and the distortions presented in it. Furthermore, discuss the importance of the map to Spain's recognition of the Portuguese's territorial claims in South America, in the middle of eighteenth century.

  5. Length of residence and risk of eating disorders in immigrant adolescents living in madrid. The AFINOS study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Esteban-Gonzalo, Laura; Veiga, Oscar L; Gómez-Martínez, Sonia; Veses, Ana M; Regidor, Enrique; Martínez, David; Marcos, Ascensión; Calle, María E

    2014-05-01

    Objetivos: Este estudio fue diseñado para comparar el riesgo de trastornos de conducta alimentaria (TCA) entre adolescentes nativos e inmigrantes residentes en Madrid, así como para determinar la posible influencia del tiempo de residencia en el riesgo de los inmigrantes. Métodos: Se llevó a cabo un estudio transversal durante el periodo comprendido entre noviembre 2007 y febrero 2008 sobre una muestra representativa de adolescentes residentes en Madrid, con edades de entre 13 y 17 años (n = 2.077, 1.052 mujeres). Los datos se recogieron usando la versión española del cuestionario SCOFF para la detección de trastornos alimentarios. Otros factores considerados fueron el país de nacimiento, el tiempo de residencia y diversas variables biológicas, socio-demográficas, relativas a estilo de vida y la salud. Resultados: Según los tres modelos de regresión logística construidos, las mujeres adolescentes inmigrantes en conjunto mostraron un mayor riesgo de TCA (OR = 1,95; 95%CI 1,29-2,95; p = 0,001) que las nativas. Además, la probabilidad de sufrir TCA fue mayor entre las adolescentes inmigrantes con una residencia en España < 6 años que en las nativas (OR = 2,44; 95%CI 1,42-4,18; p = 0,001), mientras que no se encontraron diferencias entre las adolescentes nativas y las inmigrantes con un tiempo de residencia ≥6 años. No se observaron diferencias en el riesgo de TCA entre los adolescentes varones nativos y los inmigrantes, tanto en conjunto como según tiempo de residencia. Conclusiones: La condición de inmigrante y el tiempo de residencia son factores relevantes a la hora de considerar el riesgo de TCA en adolescentes residentes en Madrid.

  6. Assembly of Drift Tubes (DT) Chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid)

    CERN Multimedia

    Jesus Puerta-Pelayo

    2003-01-01

    The construction of muon drift tube chambers (DT) has been carried out in four different european institutes: Aachen (Germany), CIEMAT-Madrid (Spain), Legnaro and Turin (Italy), all of them following similar procedures and quality tests. Each chamber is composed by three or two independent units called superlayers, with four layers of staggered drift cells each. The assembly of a superlayer is a succesive glueing of aluminium plates and I-beams with electrodes previously attached, forming a rectangular and gas-tight volume. These pictures illustrate the various processes of material preparation, construction, equipment and assembly of full chambers at CIEMAT (Madrid).

  7. La transformación de los mercados municipales de Madrid. Análisis legislativo, comercial, y económico de los mercados de abastos madrileños

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alejandro Rodríguez Sebastián

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenDurante la última década, el Ayuntamiento de Madrid ha desarrollado diferentes políticas con el objetivo de revitalizar los mercados de abastos de la ciudad. Una de ellas ha sido la inserción de cadenas de supermercados junto a las estructuras comerciales tradicionales de los mercados, actuando a modo de "locomotoras’ económicas. Por otro lado, es reconocible la aparición en ciertos mercados de nuevos patrones de consumo, unos asociados a estilos de vida propios de élites y otros surgidos a raíz de las modificaciones realizadas en los mercados. Este trabajo pretende analizar las causas y consecuencias de las diversas transformaciones llevadas a cabo en la red de mercados municipales de Madrid, diferenciando las pautas seguidas en los mercados del centro de la ciudad de los de la periferia.Palabras clave  Mercados municipales, comercio, Madrid, centralidad, periferia, gentrificación comercialAbstractDuring the last decade, Madrid City Council has developed different policies aimed at revitalising the traditional retail markets in the city. One of these has been the insertion of supermarkets next to the traditional commercial structures, acting as economic driving forces. Furthermore, the appearance of new consumption patterns is a remarkable fact, some related to wealthy lifestyles, others arisen due to the changes made in the markets. The aim of this paper is to analyse the causes and consequences of the transformations held in Madrid market network, distinguishing the guidelines followed both in the city centre and in the outskirts.KeywordsTraditional retail markets, trade, Madrid, centrality, suburbs, commercial gentrification

  8. Transfer knowledge and technology in Madrid; La transferencia de conocimiento y tecnologia en la comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vicente Oliva, M. de; Manera Bassa, J.; Martin del Peso, M.

    2010-07-01

    This paper aims to establish a typology of business behaviour patterns related to Knowledge and Technology Transfer (KTT), as well as an assessment of the situation of the transference process from the Madrid Region companies point of view. Working with data obtained from a survey designed and carried out by the authors to the companies registered in Madrid database and, as a consequence, knowing KTT, we have built groups of enterprises with different behaviours. To obtain the groups we have used cluster techniques over the factors resulting from a correspondence analysis. (Author) 24 refs.

  9. Análisis de tres indicadores de variedad urbana en el Área Metropolitana de Madrid: Aproximación a la división social y funcional centro-periferia / Analysis of three indicators of urban variety in Madrid Metropolitan Area: Approach to social and function

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gonzalo Sánchez-Toscano Salgado

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEl proceso de construcción del Área Metropolitana de Madrid ha supuesto una especialización espacial de las distintas áreas y una pérdida de la variedad asociada tradicionalmente a la condición de ciudad y vida urbana. El presente trabajo trata de caracterizar la variedad en los distritos centrales de la capital y en tres municipios de la periferia madrileña representativos de distintos modos de producción urbana: Alcalá de Henares, Getafe y Las Rozas de Madrid. Se analizan indicadores derivados del Censo de Población y Viviendas de 2001 en tres categorías de variedad urbana: socioeconómica, del soporte y de usos. Los resultados en las tres categorías se confrontan con un cuarto indicador funcional relativo a la movilidad en el entorno inmediato. El estudio demuestra la tendencia a la simplificación y especialización en las tres categorías durante el proceso de expansión metropolitana, caracterizando el centro y la periferia del Área Metropolitana madrileña como espacios diferenciados desde el punto de vista de la variedad, que se comportan también de forma distinta frente a un parámetro funcional como es la movilidad interna.Palabras claveVariedad urbana, complejidad urbana, área metropolitana, centralidad, periferias, MadridAbstractThe process of construction of Madrid Metropolitan Area supposed the spatial specialization in different areas and the loss of the urban variety traditionally attributed to the city and the urban life. This work tries to define the urban variety in the central districts of the capital city and in three peripheral towns, which represent different manners of urban production: Alcalá de Henares, Getafe, and Las Rozas de Madrid. Data from 2001 Population and Housing Census are analyzed according to three categories of urban variety: socio-economic, residential support, and uses. We compared these results with a fourth indicator referring to mobility in immediate surroundings. Our work

  10. Tridimensional groundwater chemical and isotopic variations as related to the Madrid aquifer flow system

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández Uría, A.

    1985-08-01

    Full Text Available Durante los últimos años se ha publicado un buen número de artículos sobre la Hidrogeología de la cuenca terciaria continental de Madrid. Esos artículos incluyen estudios regionales, modelos digitales de flujo y de transferencia de solutos, estudios hidrogeoquímicos regionales, etc. En este trabajo se resumen los resultados de comparar las variaciones químicas e isotópicas de las aguas subterráneas con las que cabría esperar del modelo de flujo deducido por métodos hidrogeológicos convencionales y confirmado mediante modelos digitales basados en las ecuaciones clásicas de flujo en los medios porosos. Como regla general, se ha obtenido una buena correspondencia entre las variaciones observadas y las deducidas de la consideración de procesos tales como cambio catiónico, solución- precipitación de carbonato cálcico, hidrólisis de silicatos, desintegración radioactiva que se producen a lo largo del recorrido del agua subterránea. Algunas variaciones observadas en el contenido 18O y 2H pueden ser atribuidas a cambios climáticos durante el Cuaternario.

    Durante los últimos años se ha publicado un buen número de artículos sobre la Hidrogeología de la cuenca terciaria continental de Madrid. Esos artículos incluyen estudios regionales, modelos digitales de flujo y de transferencia de solutos, estudios hidrogeoquímicos regionales, etc. En este trabajo se resumen los resultados de comparar las variaciones químicas e isotópicas de las aguas subterráneas con las que cabría esperar del modelo de flujo deducido por métodos hidrogeológicos convencionales y confirmado mediante modelos digitales basados en las ecuaciones clásicas de flujo en los medios porosos. Como regla general, se ha obtenido una buena correspondencia entre las variaciones observadas y las deducidas de la consideración de procesos tales como cambio catiónico, solución- precipitación de carbonato cálcico, hidrólisis de

  11. Evidence Against the New Madrid Long-Lived Aftershock Hypothesis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Page, M. T.; Hough, S. E.

    2014-12-01

    It has been suggested that continuing seismicity in the New Madrid, central U.S. region is primarily composed of the continuing long-lived aftershock sequence of the 1811-1812 sequence, and thus cannot be taken as an indication of present-day strain accrual in the region. We examine historical and instrumental seismicity in the New Madrid region to determine if such a model is feasible given 1) the observed protracted nature of past New Madrid sequences, with multiple mainshocks with apparently similar magnitudes; 2) historical rates of M≥6 earthquakes after the initial activity in 1811-1812; and 3) the modern seismicity rate in the region. We use ETAS modeling to search for sub-critical sets of direct Omori parameters that are consistent with all of these datasets, given a realistic consideration of their uncertainties. High aftershock productivity is required both to match the observation of multiple mainshocks and to explain the modern level of activity as aftershocks; synthetic sequences consistent with these observations substantially overpredict the number of events of M≥6 that were observed in the past 200 years. Our results imply that ongoing background seismicity in the New Madrid region is driven by ongoing strain accrual processes and that, despite low deformation rates, seismic activity in the zone is not decaying with time.

  12. Bilingual Baby: Foreign Language Intervention in Madrid's Infant Education Centers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferjan Ramirez, Naja; Kuhl, Patricia

    2017-01-01

    The first years of life represent a unique window of opportunity for foreign language learning. However, key questions are: How much and what kind of foreign language exposure is needed to ignite learning? We conducted a foreign language (English) intervention in four public Infant Education Centers in Madrid, Spain. Intervention children (N =…

  13. Decreased tuberculosis incidence and declining clustered case rates, Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iñigo, Jesús; Arce, Araceli; Palenque, Elia; García de Viedma, Darío; Chaves, Fernando

    2008-10-01

    To determine effect of recent tuberculosis transmission rates on incidence rates, we conducted 2 prospective population-based molecular epidemiologic studies in Madrid during 1997-1999 (4% immigrants) and 2002-2004 (14.9% immigrants). Case rates decreased in association with declining clustered case rates among Spanish-born persons. New strains were introduced through immigration.

  14. Torre de iluminación y comunicaciones de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pérez Arroyo, Salvador

    1992-06-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the communication and lighting tower of the Avenida de la Victoria in Madrid, a work belonging to the project of Madrid the Cultural Capital of Europe 1992. The aim of this construction is to light this road junction and, at the same time present a visual landmark of the city. The lantern-tower will light an area of about one hectare and will serve as a base for locating the traffic control cameras and other services.

    En este artículo se describe la farola de iluminación y comunicaciones de la Avenida de la Victoria, en Madrid, obra enmarcada dentro del Madrid Cultural de 1992. El objetivo de esta construcción es iluminar este nudo de confluencia vial y, al mismo tiempo, marcar un hito visual de la ciudad. La torre-farola ilumina una superficie no menor de una hectárea y es base para la ubicación de cámaras para el control del tráfico y otros servicios.

  15. La evolución de Madrid. Aspectos socioespaciales del modelo de ocupación y desarrollo de la ciudad

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martha Isabel Bonilla Escobar

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available ResumenA pesar de las fuertes críticas realizadas al modelo disperso y fragmentado de ocupación del territorio de las ciudades Norte Americanas, cuesta entender el porqué el desarrollo urbano de Madrid evolucionó -durante las últimas dos décadas– de una ciudad compacta y mononuclear a una con modelo de ocupación policéntrica, fragmentada y con bajas densidades,  especialmente en la zona periférica del Noreste.  ¿Qué ha pasado en la evolución territorial y socioeconómica de Madrid durante las dos últimas décadas?  ¿Cuáles son los aspectos críticos que explican esta transición?  Cuáles son los indicadores – cuyo análisis- permite una mejor comprensión del modelo de ocupación socio espacial de la ciudad de Madrid?  Cuáles son las consideraciones metodológicas esenciales para identificar los cambios en el modelo de ocupación del territorio?  ¿Dónde recae  la responsabilidad política de la dispersión territorial percibida?  Este trabajo de investigación propone un nuevo modelo de interpretación de la evolución territorial de la ciudad.  Mediante el uso de estadísticas oficiales del gobierno Español, este artículo permite explicar mediante correlaciones estadísticas y comparativas entre la zona Noreste y Suroeste de Madrid  y de manera cronológica,  el impacto de inversiones extraordinarias  en infraestructura pública para las comunicaciones en el modelo de ocupación territorial y sus aspectos socioeconómicos.Palabras claveDispersión urbana, planeación urbana, desarrollo urbano,  desarrollo sostenible, transporte público.AbstractRegardless of the strong criticism towards the disperse and fragmented model of urban growth in the USA cities, it is hard to understand why the urban development of Madrid evolved - during the last two decades - from a compact and mono centric city to a model of disperse and sprawl development with a low urban density, especially in the periphery areas of the

  16. Deep Geothermal energy potential in Madrid basin; Potencial de la Geotermia profunda en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hidalgo, R.; Sanchez, J.; Ungemach, P.

    2009-07-01

    The Madrid Basin geothermal potential was evidenced in 1980 thanks to an oil exploration well drilled by Shell-Campsa which showed temperatures of 88 degree centigrade and 150 degree centigrade at 1,700 mts and 3,400 mts depth respectively. The low enthalpy geothermal reservoir could be further assessed by four exploratory wells the first one, Pradillo (originals Shell-Campsa oil well), two drilled by ADARO and IGME (Geological survey of Spain) in San Sebastian de los Reyes and Tres Cantos respectively. The latest well, Geomadrid 1, was drilled in 1990 by the Madrid Regional government. The afore mentioned wells have identified a dependable geothermal resource, hosted in a tertiary, clastic, consolidated sandstone reservoir consisting of a thick multilayered sequence (200-800m), with temperatures ranging from 70 degree centigrade to 90 degree centigrade and depths of 1,500 to 2,150 m., overlying a Mesozoic sequence, suitable to be exploited for thermal uses in several district heating grids around Madrid in areas displaying adequate heat loads. A medium temperature reservoir was also identified at the contact between Mesozoic Cretaceous limestones and fractured basement granites at 3,400mts depth, with measured temperatures of 156 degree centigrade, that could be developed and exploited in view of a combined power and heat production (CPH) within the Madrid suburban areas. (Author) 7 refs.

  17. Distribution of volatile organic compounds in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perez-Pastor, R.M.; Garcia-Alonso, S.; Quejido Cabezas, A.J. [CIEMAT, Madrid (Spain)

    1999-07-01

    From November 1995 to October 1996, airborne concentrations of VOCs were measured in the Madrid area to study the organic pollution in general, and the correlation between different pollutants in relation to such parameters as location and season. Mean concentrations for up to 90 compounds were measured at four test sites, including both urban and suburban areas. At the urban sites, maximum concentrations occurred in the autumn and winter, whereas minimum concentrations were reached in summer and spring. Similar changes were obtained for the less-contaminated site located in the SE of the city, whereas a different pattern was found at the site in the NW of the city due to meteorological aspects. Mean levels of hydrocarbons in Madrid were quite similar to those found in other European cities. Chemometrical techniques were applied to the set of data in order to assess the influence of such factors as traffic, temperature and seasonal variations on the VOC levels. (orig.)

  18. Cubierta metálica espacial, en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Buzón, Rafael

    1965-11-01

    Full Text Available It deals with the metallic space roof of the Fábrica de Cervezas Mahou, in Madrid. The factory was designed by architects Antonio Perpiñá, José Luis Sanz Magallon and Luis Iglesias, and this roof was developed in collaboration with these architects.Este artículo describe una cubierta de estructura metálica espacial en la Fábrica de Cervezas MAHOU, en Madrid. El proyecto de la fábrica es de los arquitectos Antonio Perpiñá, José Luis Sanz Magallón y Luis Iglesias, en colaboración con los cuales se ha desarrollado el presente trabajo.

  19. Residencia para personas mayores en Villa del Prado, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García-Vaquero Alvaro, Javier

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Basic faci lities fo r socia l serv ices. Building designed as a home fo r the elderly, with 120 beds plus adult day care service for 40 seniors; erected under an agreement between the Madrid Housing Institute (IVIMA and the Regional Department ofFamily Affairs and Social Services in a small tOWlI in the region ofMadrid with a population of4.350. The design lends particular auention to zoning and spatial distribution based 0 11 a specific organisational chart as wel! as to daylight-related questions. The choice ofmaterials and colours is in keeping with the intended use ofthe building and the characteristics ofits users.Equipamiento Básico para Asistencia Social. Edificio destinado a Residencia pa ra Personas Mayores con una capacidad para 120 plazas residenciales con Centro de Estancias Diurnas para 40 plazas externas, realizado mediante Convenio entre el Instituto de la Vivienda de Madrid (IVIMA y la Consejeria de Familia y Servicios Sociales de la Comunidad de Madrid, en un pequeño municipio de esta Comunidad con una población de 4.350 habitantes. El proyecto dedica especial atención a la zonificación y a la distribució n espacial, en fu nci án de IIt I claro organigrama, y al manej o de la luz natural. La elección de materiales y colores se realiza en funci án del uso a que se destina el edificio ya las especiales características de sus usuarios.

  20. Fourth Meeting of China-Spain Forum Held in Madrid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    <正>Chairman Hu Qili and Executive Chairman Chen Haosu of the Chinese Committee of the China-Spain Forum(CSF) led a Chinese delegation to attend the Fourth Meeting of the CSF in Madrid from November 27 to 28,2007.The meeting with the theme of "Harmony,Development and Gaining Win-Win Results" was jointly sponsored by the CPAFFC,the CSF Chinese Committee,the Spanish Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the Spain China Council Foundation.

  1. Jardines que la Comunidad de Madrid ha perdido

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carmen Ariza Muñoz

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Aunque se hayan perdido algunos importantes jardines, en la actualidad la Comunidad de Madrid cuenta con un mayor números de ellos. Sírvannos como ejemplos de los que ya no se conservan el primer jardín Botánico de la capital, pero en cambio existen el del paseo del Prado o los recientes de las Ciudades Universitarias de Madrid y de Alcalá de Henares. Lo mismo podría decir de los Jardines de Recreo, puesto que no nos han llegado los hechos en el siglo XIX, pero cada día surgen nuevos Parques de Atracciones y Temáticos (como el que se está realizando en San Martín de la Vega. Imnumerables son también los de las viviendas privadas o los parques públicos, que aumentan progresivamente. Sin embargo, sí han desaparecido o han cambiado de función casi todos los Reales Sitios, que surgieron, entre los siglos XVI y XIX, como consecuencia de que Madrid fuera elegida, en 1561, capital del reino por Felipe II. Ésta es la causa de que nuestra Comunidad, siendo la cuarta más pequeña de España, cuente con casi la mitad de los jardines declarados histórico-artísticos en nuestro país.

  2. The Madrid School of Neurology (1885-1939).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giménez-Roldán, S

    2015-01-01

    The emergence of neurology in Madrid between 1885 and 1939 had well-defined characteristics. On foundations laid by Cajal and Río-Hortega, pioneers combined clinical practice with cutting-edge neurohistology and neuropathology research. Luis Simarro, trained in Paris, taught many talented students including Gayarre, Achúcarro and Lafora. The untimely death of Nicolás Achúcarro curtailed his promising career, but he still completed the clinicopathological study of the first American case of Alzheimer's disease. On returning to Spain, he studied glial cells, including rod cells. Rodríguez Lafora described progressive myoclonus epilepsy and completed experimental studies of corpus callosum lesions and clinical and neuropathology studies of senile dementia. He fled to Mexico at the end of the Spanish Civil War (1936-1939). Sanchís Banús, a sterling clinical neurologist, described the first cluster of Huntington's disease in Spain, and he and Río-Hortega joined efforts to determine that pallidal degeneration underlies rigidity in advanced stages of the disease. Just after the war, Alberca Llorente eruditely described inflammatory diseases of the neuraxis. Manuel Peraita studied "the neurology of hunger" with data collected during the siege of Madrid. Dionisio Nieto, like many exiled intellectuals, settled in Mexico DF, where he taught neurohistological methods and neuropsychiatry in the tradition of the Madrid School of Neurology.

  3. Uso de hipoglicemiantes orales durante la lactancia

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    Antecedentes: Los hipoglicemiantes orales son una alternativa emergente en el tratamiento de la diabetes mellitus gestacional (DMG), pero existe poca información acerca de su uso durante la lactancia. Objetivo: Revisar la evidencia respecto a la seguridad del uso de los hipoglicemiantes orales durante la lactancia. Resultados: Encontramos 3 trabajos que evaluaron el paso de metformina a la leche materna: hubo traspaso de metformina a leche materna en todos los casos. La concentración de metfo...

  4. Antonio Quilis, La concodancia gramatiaal en Za Zengua espanola hablada en Madrid, C. S. I. C., Madrid 1983, pags. 128

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available El libra de Antonio Quilis, de poco más de cien páginas, nos ofrece los resultados de las encuestas sabre la concordancia sintáctica en el habla de Madrid. El Autor que es también cultivador y conocedor de la fonética del español­ pensemos en su importante trabajo sobre la fonética acústica de la lengua española (Gredos, Madrid 1981 - vuelve aqué a su vocacion de sintáctico, visible en sus trabajos sabre la estructura del español la edición de la Gramática de Nebri­ja y en el amor con que cuidó la presentación al mundo de habla castellana de las obras de B. Pottier.

  5. Bio solids: direct application in Madrid's Region; Biosolidos: aplicacion directa en la Comunidad de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Llogostera Pujol, R.; Monferrer Areite, J.; Garcia Delgado, I.

    2007-07-01

    A short review of biosolids direct application on agriculture and its practical experience in Madrid area is realized. The importance of doing correctly direct application, the possibilities of biosolids application in this area and the difficulty to do stores on land when meteorological and agronomic factors are adverse, is emphasized. Direct application data, production and destinations from years 2005 and 2006 are shown. Finally some recommendations to get successfully are explained. (Author)

  6. Comparison of road traffic emission models in Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Borge, Rafael; de Miguel, Isabel; de la Paz, David; Lumbreras, Julio; Pérez, Javier; Rodríguez, Encarnación

    2012-12-01

    Many cities in Europe have difficulties to meet the air quality standards set by the European legislation, most particularly the annual mean Limit Value for NO2. Road transport is often the main source of air pollution in urban areas and therefore, there is an increasing need to estimate current and future traffic emissions as accurately as possible. As a consequence, a number of specific emission models and emission factors databases have been developed recently. They present important methodological differences and may result in largely diverging emission figures and thus may lead to alternative policy recommendations. This study compares two approaches to estimate road traffic emissions in Madrid (Spain): the COmputer Programme to calculate Emissions from Road Transport (COPERT4 v.8.1) and the Handbook Emission Factors for Road Transport (HBEFA v.3.1), representative of the 'average-speed' and 'traffic situation' model types respectively. The input information (e.g. fleet composition, vehicle kilometres travelled, traffic intensity, road type, etc.) was provided by the traffic model developed by the Madrid City Council along with observations from field campaigns. Hourly emissions were computed for nearly 15 000 road segments distributed in 9 management areas covering the Madrid city and surroundings. Total annual NOX emissions predicted by HBEFA were a 21% higher than those of COPERT. The discrepancies for NO2 were lower (13%) since resulting average NO2/NOX ratios are lower for HBEFA. The larger differences are related to diesel vehicle emissions under "stop & go" traffic conditions, very common in distributor/secondary roads of the Madrid metropolitan area.In order to understand the representativeness of these results, the resulting emissions were integrated in an urban scale inventory used to drive mesoscale air quality simulations with the Community Multiscale Air Quality (CMAQ) modelling system (1 km2 resolution). Modelled NO2 concentrations were compared

  7. Evolución de los resultados microbiológicos en alimentos de un área sanitaria de la Comunidad de Madrid (1999-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nerea Fernández de Larrea Baz

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: En el marco de una creciente relevancia de la seguridad alimentaria en el ámbito de la salud pública, el presente estudio trata de valorar el grado de contaminación microbiológica de los alimentos y proponer medidas de mejora.Metodología: Análisis retrospectivo de los resultados microbiológicos de las muestras tomadas de alimentos de industrias elaboradoras y de restauración del Distrito 1 del Área V de Salud de la Comunidad de Madrid en 1999, 2000, 2001 y 2002.Revisión de las actas de inspección de los establecimientos de restauración social.Análisis descriptivo de los mismos.Resultados: De las 383 muestras analizadas, 116 (30 ́3% superaron los límites microbiológicos permitidos por la legislación.El porcentaje de muestras correctas en comedores colectivos aumentó del 62% en 1999 al 89 ́9% en 2001 (p<0 ́05.El 32 ́8% de las muestras incorrectas lo fueron por la presencia de patógenos.Los alimentos con mayor porcentaje de incumplimiento fueron los productos lácteos, seguidos de los embutidos. En platos elaborados, el porcentaje de incumplimiento fue mayor en los del grupo A.Las principales deficiencias en los establecimientos de restauración social fueron la ausencia de lavamanos de accionamiento no manual utilizables, ausencia de lejía de uso alimentario e inadecuada protección de los alimentos.Conclusiones: Tendencia positiva en los resultados microbiológicos en comedores colectivos, aunque persisten deficiencias tanto estructurales como de proceso. En el resto de programas los resultados son menos valorables debido al bajo número de muestras.Conseguir una mayor utilización de lejía de uso alimentario podría disminuir el porcentaje de alimentos del grupo A que superan los límites microbiológicos permitidos.

  8. Elephas antiquus (Proboscidea, Mammalia en el Pleistoceno medio de Ciempozuelos (Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mazo, A. V.

    1995-04-01

    Full Text Available A mandible of a young elephant found at Ciempozuelos (Madrid is identified as Elephas antiquus. Correlation with other paleontological sites of the Madrid basin were this taxa has been recorded allow us to assing the new locality to the middle-Iate Pleistocene (Riss-Würn.Se identifica como Elephas antiquus una mandíbula juvenil de elefante encontrada en Ciempozuelos (Madrid. Las correlaciones con otros yacimientos de la cuenca de Madrid que han proporcionado el mismo taxón permiten precisar que la nueva localidad pertenece al Pleistoceno medio final (Riss-Würm.

  9. ¿Puede el ejercicio físico moderado durante el embarazo actuar como un factor de prevención de la Diabetes Gestacional?

    OpenAIRE

    Cordero Rodriguez, Yaiza; Peláez Puente, Mireia; Miguel Abad, Marta de; Perales Santaella, María; Barakat Carballo, Ruben

    2012-01-01

    El presente trabajo pretendió conocer la eficacia de un programa de ejercicio físico moderado desarrollado durante todo el embarazo en el control de la excesiva ganancia de peso materno, la tolerancia materna a la glucosa y el desarrollo de la Diabetes Gestacional (DG). Se realizó un ensayo clínico, aleatorizado, no apareado, no enmascarado mediante una colaboración entre el Servicio de Ginecología y Obstetricia del Centro de Salud de Torrelodones y la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid. 55 ge...

  10. El gen homothorax y el proceso de formación de la heterocromatina constitutiva durante el desarrollo embrionario de Drosophila melanogaster

    OpenAIRE

    Cantero Morales, Walter

    2013-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita, leída en Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Ciencias, Departamento de Biología. Fecha de lectura: 08-11-2013 El trabajo aquí presentado se centra en el estudio de la implicación del gen homothorax en el proceso de formación de la heterocromatina constitutiva durante el desarrollo embrionario de Drosophila melanogaster. Previamente ha sido descrita una función del componente matero de hth en el acoplamiento de la heterocromatina centromérica dura...

  11. Género y participación laboral en la comunidad de Madrid. Las dimensiones espaciales de un proceso de cambio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Moya, Juana

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the characteristics and recent evolution (1986-2001 of labourforce participation by gender in the region of Madrid, Spain. These characteristics can be related to the recent economic reestructuring process experienced by global capitalism and its productive, social and territorial consequences in our region. After a study of the sociodemographic dimensions of the labourmarket, a territorial perspective is adopted: we recognize, at a local level of detail, the different spatial patterns of male and female activity rates and their evolution. Finally, the analysis attemps to identify the effect of the spatial variation of certain municipal indicators on the distribution of the labourforce participation by gender along the Madrid Metropolitan Area and the entire region of Madrid.

    En este artículo se estudian las características y evolución de la participación laboral según género en la Comunidad de Madrid en el periodo 1986-2001 en el marco de los procesos de cambio social, productivo y territorial que han afectado a la región en los últimos años. El trabajo se divide en dos partes: en la primera se estudia la caracterización del mercado laboral según género en relación con algunas variables sociodemográficas. En la segunda se adopta una perspectiva espacial: se reconocen las diferencias inter- municipales en el ritmo de incorporación de las mujeres al mundo laboral durante los últimos años, y también los patrones de distribución espacial de la participación de hombres y mujeres a lo largo de la Comunidad de Madrid. Por último, se estudia la relación de las tasas con un conjunto de indicadores municipales, lo que permitirá establecer algunos criterios para la interpretación de la variabilidad espacial y temporal de la participación femenina y su comparación con el caso de los hombres.

  12. Las sociedades musicales en el Madrid de Isabel II (1833-1868

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diez Huerga, M. Aurelia

    2003-12-01

    matizaciones, y a la democratización progresiva de la sociedad, con sus derivaciones en el aspecto cultural. Tal confluencia de factores da pie a la aparición de instituciones de variada tipología pero con un denominador común: la defensa del ideario liberal, la convivencia y la comunicación de los individuos (lo que incluye el elemento recreativo, la propagación de la cultura y la expresión artística. Es aquí donde tienen cabida las sociedades con actividad musical, también denominadas instructo-recreativas, pues solían conjugar ambas facetas. Este trabajo pretende hacer un recorrido por entidades tales como el Liceo Artístico y Literario, Instituto Español, La Unión, Museo Lírico, El Genio y muchas otras sociedades artísticas que proliferaron durante los años treinta y cuarenta del siglo XIX, centros de intensa actividad socio-musical en el Madrid isabelino. Se ha de subrayar su acción en este ámbito, dedicada a promover la interpretación, la creación y, en un plano importante, la enseñanza musical. En aquellos centros se dio cita la flor y nata de la sociedad madrileña para aprender los rudimentos de la música, el canto y la práctica instrumental así como para escuchar el repertorio que se estilaba por entonces y para participar ella misma en su interpretación.

  13. Veintinueve lámparas romanas de bronce del Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid

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    J. M. BLÁZQUEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available El Museo Arqueológico Nacional de Madrid entre sus magníficas colecciones posee una excelente de lámparas romanas de bronce, que no ha sido nunca estudiada como merece su calidad. Estas piezas fueron dadas a conocer por R. Thouvenot, en su Catalogue des figurines et objets de bronze du Musée Archéologique de Madrid, Burdeos, 1927, quien publicó una breve descripción de ella, sin ningún intento de estudio, ni de fecharlas, clasificarlas o de buscarlas paralelos. En este trabajo acometemos esta finalidad. Algunas otras piezas que no se incluyen en este artículo se estudiarán en un segundo con los jarros romanos de bronce. La procedencia de todos estos objetos se puede asegurar con bastante certeza es Italia, ya que las antiguas colecciones, Biblioteca Nacional, Museo de Ciencias Naturales, la del Marqués de Salamanca, se formaron con piezas traídas de allá; incluso la colección Miró guarda objetos de origen italiano. De algunos objetos romanos de la antigua colección de la Biblioteca Nacional cabe pensar que pudieran proceder de las primitivas excavaciones pompeyanas efectuadas durante el reinado de Carlos III. Todos estos objetos están guardados en la vitrina numéro 18, del llamado Patio Romano, en el M. A. N. Antes de comenzar el estudio agradecemos al director del M. A. N., Excmo. Sr. D. Joaquín M.a de Navascués, las facilidades de todo género dadas en el estudio de estas piezas; así como al restante personal del centro, en particular al Dr. A. Fernández de Aviles.

  14. The takeover process of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Faculty of Veterinary of Madrid (1792-1855

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sánchez de Lollano Prieto, Joaquín

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The absorption of the Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato by the Veterinary Science School of Madrid shows several singularities in relation to the equivalent process in medicine and pharmacy. The conflict and the hegemony of the Real Tribunal during almost sixty years from the creation of the Veterinary Science School (1792, has been studied by the traditional historiography with a view fundamentally focused on veterinary aspects. In this article, the process of absorption is investigated in full detail. Also, the relevance of political motivations and their predominance over technical, sanitary or professional motivations are shown. So, the game of institutions and agents which are external to the veterinary science are analysed; specially, the outstanding role performed by the XV Marquis of Cerralbo.La absorción del Real Tribunal del Protoalbeitarato por la Escuela de Veterinaria de Madrid presenta ciertas singularidades respecto al proceso equivalente en medicina y farmacia. La pugna y hegemonía del Real Tribunal durante casi sesenta años desde la creación de la Escuela de Veterinaria (1792, ha sido estudiada por la historiografía tradicional con una visión centrada fundamentalmente en aspectos veterinarios. En el presente artículo se investigan en detalle los procesos conducentes a la absorción y se pone de manifiesto la relevancia de las motivaciones políticas y su predominio sobre las de carácter técnico, sanitario o profesional. Por ello, se analiza el juego de instituciones y de agentes externos a la veterinaria implicados, en especial destacamos el papel desempeñado por el XV Marqués de Cerralbo.

  15. La política de dividendos como fuente de creación de valor para la empresa : [análisis de las tendencias seguidas por las principales empresas cotizadas en la Bolsa de Madrid (1988-1998)

    OpenAIRE

    Priede Bergamini, Tiziana

    2000-01-01

    Este trabajo pretende analizar las diversas formas de retribución al accionista que han seguido algunas de las empresas que cotizan en la Bolsa de Madrid durante los últimos diez años, con el fin de describir detalladamente su trayectoria, resaltar su relevancia y justificar un posible cambio de tendencia, pasando de la vía tradicional de retribución mediante dividendos líquidos a otras formas alternativas como las devoluciones de parte del nominal o la entrega de acciones liberadas, benefici...

  16. Evaluación de un sistema de devolución de información en salud pública: Experiencia en el Área 2 de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Arias Bohigas Pedro; Fernández de la Hoz Karoline; Domínguez Berjón Felicitas; Noguerales de la Obra Rosa; Herrera Guibert Dionisio; Martínez Navarro Ferrán

    2002-01-01

    Fundamento: En enero del año 2000 el Servicio de Salud Pública del Área Sanitaria 2 de la Comunidad de Madrid, inició la edición semanal de una Hoja de Información en Salud Pública (HISP) dirigida a los profesionales de la salud del Área. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar el conocimiento, aceptabilidad, utilidad y difusión de la HISP durante el año 2000. Métodos: Se realizó una encuesta por correo a una muestra de profesionales sanitarios del Área 2. Tras...

  17. Entrevista a: Prof. Dña. Manuela Romo: Profesora de la Facultad de Psicología de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid y experta en Psicología de la Creatividad

    OpenAIRE

    Morais, Maria de Fátima

    2015-01-01

    Breve CV de Prof. Manuela Romo: Ha centrado su investigación en la creatividad durante más de treinta años, publicando cuatro libros, entre ellos el libro Psicología de la Creatividad, y numerosos artículos y trabajos de investigación. Es co-autora de un ensayo para evaluar la creatividad en los niños: TCI, Test de Creatividad Infantil (TEA Ediciones, 2008, Madrid). Fue el contribuyente español en los libros Creativity's Global Corresponsales, de 1998 a 2003 publicado por Morris Stein. Wins...

  18. Clima, diseño y diversidad urbana en el uso de tres plazas de Madrid / Climate, design and urban diversity: The use the people do of three squares of Madrid.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nagore Urrutia del Campo

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenEste artículo recoge los resultados del estudio de las características físicas, funcionales y climáticas de tres plazas de la ciudad de Madrid, así como el uso que las personas hicieron de ellas durante los meses de primavera. Los resultados muestran la relación existente entre los condicionantes físicos y ambientales y el modo de ocupación del espacio por parte de los ciudadanos en los días analizados, pero también ponen de manifiesto la dificultad de generalizar el concepto de confort en el espacio público. En el presente trabajo se ha verificado la utilidad de ciertas herramientas de caracterización climática de plazas y se ha puesto de manifiesto que aquellas plazas que ofrecen al ciudadano una mayor mezcla de posibilidades en lo referente a situarse en lugares con condiciones microclimáticas y posibilidades de utilización del espacio diversas han sido los más empleados durante los periodos analizados. Así, se evidencia la necesidad de conservación y creación de la ciudad compleja, con mezcla de usos y que ofrece al ciudadano la posibilidad de elección, transformándose así, en un lugar más habitable y democrático.Palabras clave Plazas, primavera, mezcla de posibilidades, condiciones ambientales, herramientas climáticas, ciudad compleja. AbstractThis article presents the results of the study of physical, functional and climatic properties of three public squares in the city of Madrid, and the use people made of them during the 2010 spring months. The results show the relationship between the physical and environmental conditions and the mode of occupation of space by citizens in the analyzed days, but also highlight the difficulty of generalizing the concept of comfort in public space. The work verified the usefulness of certain climatic characterization tools. It has been also shown that those spaces that provide the citizens a greater mix of possibilities of standing places due to having a variety of

  19. Oficios, costumbres y sociedad en el Madrid bajomedieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Montero Vallejo, Manuel

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available After a period of stagnation, the town of Madrid resumed its spatial and demographic growth in the second quarter of the 15th century; from that time through the early 1500s, the town nearly doubled its built-up area and more than doubled its population. The economy also grew; Madrid went from a predominantly peasant town —craftsmanship being rural too, except for the production of some goods— to a center of industrial production and liberal arts as well as a regional market of far-reaching influence. In addition, society evolved. The 15th century was a period of consolidation of important lineages and of artisans and merchants joining the class of the knights. The documentary sources, most notably the wills, remarkably attest to this society's activities and spiritual concerns.

    La villa de Madrid, tras un período de estancamiento, reanuda en el primer cuarto del siglo XV un crecimiento espacial y demográfico. De esta época a principios del siglo XVI casi duplica su extensión edificada y ampliamente la población, con un crecimiento económico paralelo. De un panorama campesino, en que su artesanía —salvo algunos casos de precoz desarrollo— posee carácter rural, pasa en el siglo XV a una diversificación profesional importante, con industrias especializadas y profesiones liberales, convirtiéndose en cabeza de un mercado regional de amplio alcance. La sociedad también evoluciona: en el siglo XV se consolidan importantes linajes y aparecen artesanos y mercaderes cualificados, que ingresan en el círculo de los caballeros. La documentación ofrece una muestra importante de las actividades de esta sociedad y de sus inquietudes espirituales, y de manera destacada en los testamentos bajomedievales.

  20. Development and initial application of the sesquiversion of MADRID

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pun, B. K.

    2008-06-01

    Organic aerosol (OA) models are typically formulated on the basis of empirical parameters or from first principles based on molecular constituents and properties. The overarching theme of sesqui-MADRID is the representation of primary and secondary organic aerosol constituents using surrogate molecular structures. Empirical partitioning characteristics guide the selection of surrogate secondary OA (SOA). Semivolatile primary OA (POA) are represented by selective compounds of key source types. The assignment of surrogate structures allows the use of group contribution methods for the calculation of thermodynamic properties such as activity coefficients, vapor pressures, and enthalpies of vaporization. A new activity coefficient model represents the interactions among POA, SOA, and water. The inclusion of water increases the total OA concentration by increasing the absorbing medium. If activity coefficients are assumed to be unity, OA increases substantially. Treatment of nonideality is essential in OA modules. When thermodynamically favorable, two phases with different hydrophobicity are modeled. Phase separation of OA is more common when water is considered as part of the absorbing medium than when it is not. Phase separation results in a small increase in total OA, because hydrophobic and hydrophilic compounds can exist in two liquid phases rather than repel each other in a single phase. Allowing POA to evaporate reduces the fraction of POA relative to SOA. The decrease can lead to a less than proportional decrease (or an increase) in total OA due to changes in composition, activity coefficients, and partitioning of individual constituents. A three-dimensional demonstration of sesqui-MADRID for a typical summer day shows an overall increase in OA in the southeastern United States compared to an empirical approach. Sesqui-MADRID predicts higher contributions from volatile and hydrophilic constituents and similar concentrations for constituents that are hydrophobic

  1. From the Hawaii Declaration to the Declaration of Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Helmchen, H; Okasha, A

    2000-01-01

    The Declaration of Hawaii, adopted by the World Psychiatric Association (WPA) in 1977, was a significant event. But the needs and new ethical dilemmas of the 1990s led WPA to develop new recommendations on the duties of psychiatrists resulting in the Declaration of Madrid, adopted by WPA in 1996. It outlines the framework of ethical conduct of psychiatrists, formulates seven general guidelines with an increased emphasis on research and resource allocation, and gives five specific guidelines on euthanasia, torture, the death penalty, selection of sex, and organ transplantation.

  2. Experiencia migratoria y procesos identitarios de japoneses en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Débora BETRISEY

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available Este trabajo analiza las experiencias migratorias de mujeres y hombres japoneses que residen en la ciudad de Madrid (España y ocupan diversas posiciones sociales. El objetivo que perseguimos con nuestro análisis es centrarnos en dichas experiencias como un aspecto relevante de las luchas simbólicas que van progresivamente construyendo las posiciones, prácticas e identidades de unos grupos en relación con los otros en diversos ámbitos urbanos (trabajo, vecindad, educativos, etc..

  3. Experiment in New Madrid Zone to employ active source

    Science.gov (United States)

    Langston, Charles A.; Mooney, Walter; Bodin, Paul; Powell, Christine; Withers, Mitch

    An active source seismic experiment is scheduled for the end of October in the central United States' New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ). Researchers from the center for Earthquake Research and Information (CERI) of the University of Memphis and the U.S. Geological Survey are planning 2600-lb and 5000-lb explosions at the southern and northern ends of the NMSZ, respectively. Broadband seismic instruments, other temporary broadband seismic stations, and an array of accelerographs near each source will record the large surface waves generated by the explosions in the unconsolidated sediments of the Mississippi embayment.

  4. Contribución al estudio de los hongos hipogeos de la Comunidad de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Calonge, F. D.; Daniëls, P.P

    1999-01-01

    [EN] Nine species of hypogeous fungi are mentioned or described in this article as new to Madrid, being Tuber maerosporum new to Spain. The catalogue of this kind of fungí in Madrid reaches 24 taxa. Notes on their taxonomy, chorology and ecology are also added.

  5. RELEVANSI KEIKUTSERTAAN INDONESIA DALAM INTERNATIONAL REGISTRATION OF MARKS MADRID SYSTEM MELALUI RATIFIKASI MADRID PROTOCOL TERHADAP POTENSI PENINGKATAN DAYA SAING BANGSA INDONESIA DI BIDANG PERDAGANGAN INTERNASIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irna Nurhayati

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Protection of marks is relied on first to file principle, which means that mark protection will only be given by registration. The marks registration can be done through both national and international registration. The Madrid Protocol is an international marks registration within Madrid System, which is one of several international marks registration systems in the world. Indonesia now is still studying the benefits and detriments that would be reached if it joined in the Madrid Protocol. The research found that, first; the Madrid Protocol has both advantages and disadvan­tages. Second; Indonesia would gain much benefit by joining in this system. However, many things should be prepared well in order to minimize the detriment that would occur.

  6. LA CONFLICTIVIDAD AGRARIA CASTELLANA DURANTE EL SIGLO XVIII. EL EJEMPLO DE LA MANCHA ORIENTAL

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    Ramón Cózar Gutiérrez

    2011-05-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN. Durante mucho tiempo la historiografía ha presentado la España del siglo XVIII como un paraíso idílico presidido por la concordia y en el que no ocurrieron hechos realmente serios. Nada más lejos de la realidad, pues existió una conflictividad social que no podemos ignorar. Con este artículo queremos contribuir a reforzar esta idea, constatando todos los hechos conflictivos ocurridos en La Mancha albacetense en los años 1765, tras la promulgación de la Real Pragmática liberalizadora del comercio de granos, y 1766, en el que, entre el clima de crispación general propiciado por el motín en Madrid, aparecen dos motines provinciales que ocupan un lugar importante en la historiografía española: Tobarra y Liétor. El primero, por ser el primer caso de sublevación después del motín madrileño de 1766, mientras que el segundo, ha sido considerado por algunos autores, como uno de los ejemplos más representativos de la conflictividad social decimonónica. Esperamos que este estudio pueda contribuir, de algún modo, a un mejor conocimiento de la conflictividad social en la España del siglo XVIII en general, y de La Mancha Oriental en particular. Palabras claves: conflictividad social, motines, Mancha Oriental, siglo XVIII. ABSTRACT. For a long time the historiography has represented the eighteenth-century Spain as an idyllic paradise where concord and unimportant facts prevailed. Far from being true, the situation lived in Spain was marked by a social conflict that can not be ignored. In this article we want to reinforce this idea, noting all the conflicting facts that occurred in La Mancha of Albacete in the years 1765, following the promulgation of the Royal Pragmatic liberalization of trade in grains, and 1766, where the climate of tension between generally favored by the mutiny in Madrid, two provincial riots that occupy an important place in Spanish history: Tobarra and Liétor. The first, being the first case of rebellion

  7. UNA EMPRESA COMERCIAL ESPAÑOLA EN EL MADRID DE LA SEGUNDA MITAD DEL SIGLO XVII: LA CASA DE JUAN GARCÍA DE LA HUERTA

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    Juan Antonio Sánchez Belén

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Lo que se pretende con este trabajo es contribuir, aunque con alcance limitado, a la reconstrucción de la realidad económica y empresarial de Madrid durante la segunda mitad del siglo XVII. A través de la actividad mercantil de Juan García de la Huerta, un modesto comerciante que se mantiene en activo por espacio de cincuenta años, se pueden trazar los mecanismos comerciales y financieros que los mercaderes tuvieron a su alcance para triunfar en los negocios a pesar de los conflictos bélicos y las crisis monetarias que se sucedieron en ese tiempo.A SPANISH COMMERCIAL BUSINESS IN MADRID IN THE SECOND HALF OF THE 17TH CENTURY: THE HOUSE OF JUAN GARCÍA DE LA HUERTAWhat is intended with this work is to contribute, although with a limited scope, to the reconstruction of the economic and commercial reality of Madrid during the second half of the 17th century. Through the activity of Juan García de la Huerta, a modest dealer that stayed active for fifty years, can be traced the trade and their financial mechanisms that merchants had at their disposal to succeed in their business despite armed conflicts and currency crises that occurred at that time.

  8. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

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    R. García

    Full Text Available Extremely hot days (EHD in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955–1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5°C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high.

    Key words. Meteorology and atmospheric dynamics (Climatology; synoptic-scale meteorology; general or miscellaneous

  9. Colegio Virgen de Mirasierra – Madrid, España

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    Aguirre de Yraola, Fernando

    1974-03-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the organization of a group of buildings that make up the educational complex «Colegio Virgen de Mirasierra» which belongs to the Community of Sacred Hearts in the residential area of Mirasierra (Madrid. The complex consists of a building dedicated to Primary School Education, another for General and Vocational Secondary Education plus a church and a sports area. This educational complex was designed to meet the requirements of the new education laws which, briefly, combine the development of spiritual and moral values with the intellectual and physical training of the students.EI presente artículo describe ¡a organización de un conjunto de edificaciones que componen el complejo educativo «Colegio Virgen de Mirasierra », propiedad de la Comunidad de los Sagrados Corazones, en la colonia Mirasierra (Madrid, a base de un edificio de Enseñanza General Básica, otro para Bachiller Polivalente, una iglesia y una zona deportiva. La concepción y realización de este conjunto educativo ha tratado de responder a las exigencias programadas por las nuevas leyes de Educación que, en síntesis, coordinan el cultivo de los valores espirituales y morales con la formación intelectual y física de los jóvenes.

  10. Assessment of noise exposure during commuting in the Madrid subway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabacchi, M; Pavón, I; Ausejo, M; Asensio, C; Recuero, M

    2011-09-01

    Because noise-induced hearing impairment is the result not only of occupational noise exposure but also of total daily noise exposure, it is important to take the non-occupational exposure of individuals (during commuting to and from their jobs, at home, and during recreational activities) into account. Mass transit is one of the main contributors to non-occupational noise exposure. We developed a new methodology to estimate a representative commuting noise exposure. The methodology was put into practice for the Madrid subway because of all Spanish subway systems it covers the highest percentage of worker journeys (22.6%). The results of the application highlight that, for Madrid subway passengers, noise exposure level normalized to a nominal 8 hr (L(Ex,8h-cj) ) depends strongly on the type of train, the presence of squealing noise, and the public address audio system, ranging from 68.6 dBA to 72.8 dBA. These values play an important role in a more complete evaluation of a relationship between noise dose and worker health response.

  11. Synoptic conditions leading to extremely high temperatures in Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia, R.; Prieto, L.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Camplutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-02-01

    Extremely hot days (EHD) in Madrid have been analysed to determine the synoptic patterns that produce EHDs during the period of 1955-1998. An EHD is defined as a day with maximum temperature higher than 36.5 C, a value which is the threshold for the intense effects on mortatility and it coincides with the 95 percentile of the series. Two different situations have been detected as being responsible for an EHD occurrence, one more dynamical, produced by southern fluxes, and another associated with a stagnation situation over Iberia of a longer duration. Both account for 92% of the total number of days, thus providing an efficient classification framework. A circulation index has been derived to characterise and forecast an EHD occurrence. This paper shows that EHD occur in Madrid during short duration events, and no long heat waves, like those recorded in other cities, are present. Additionally, no clear pattern can be detected in the EHD frequency; the occurrence is tied to changes in the summer location of the Azores high. (orig.)

  12. La itinerancia de la corte de Castilla durante la primera mitad del siglo XV

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    Francisco de Paula CAÑAS GÁLVEZ

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente trabajo intentará explicar las diferentes causas que hicieron del centro de la meseta el núcleo político y burocrático de la Corona de Castilla y León a finales de la Edad Media. Aquel espacio geográfico, comprendido en sus líneas generales entre Burgos y Toledo, concentró, efectivamente, una parte muy significativa de la actividad política e institucional de la Monarquía en un periodo de especial relevancia en la formación del Estado Moderno en tierras castellanas. Este largo proceso, si bien pergeñado durante los siglos XIII y primera mitad del XIV, únicamente se consolidaría tras la llegada al trono castellano de la nueva dinastía Trastámara, en especial durante los reinados de Enrique III y Juan II, alcanzando su madurez plena en tiempos de los Habsburgo con el asentamiento de la hasta entonces corte itinerante, y de buena parte de su aparato burocrático, en Madrid.Ce travail vise à expliquer les différentes causes qui ont fait du centre de la Meseta le noyau politique et administratif de la couronne de Castille et León. Cet espace géographique, compris grosso modo entre Burgos et Tolède a  effectivement concentré une part importante de la vie politique et institutionnelle de la monarchie à une période cruciale pour la formation de l’État moderne en terre castillane. Ce vaste processus, esquissé au cours du XIIIe siècle et de la première moitié du XIVe siècle, ne s’est consolidé qu’avec l’avènement de la nouvelle dynastie Trastamare, en particulier pendant les règnes d’Henri III et de Jean II, pour atteindre sa pleine maturité au temps des Habsbourg, avec la sédentarisation à Madrid de la cour jusque-là itinérante et d’une  bonne partie de l’appareil bureaucratique.

  13. La estructura metálica del casino «Gran Madrid», Torrelodones/Madrid/España

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    Ortiz Herrera, Jesús

    1982-08-01

    Full Text Available Described in this article is the structural solution in metal adopted in the upper levels of the building of the Casino «Gran Madrid». The principal deck pieces have been resolved in the form of triangulated trusses of elevated height slightly variable, with a triangulation system of simple Warren type. The supports of such beams are of ferruled neoprene. The Pratt disposition has been generally chosen for the other beams. The rest of the lintels, as likewise the supports, are formed by laminated outlines in their various forms.Se describe en este artículo la solución estructural metálica adoptada en los niveles superiores del edificio del Casino «Gran Madrid». Las piezas principales de cubierta se han resuelto en forma de vigas trianguladas de canto elevado, ligeramente variable, con un sistema de triangulación del tipo Warren simple. Los apoyos de dichas vigas son de neopreno zunchado. La disposición Pratt ha sido la comúnmente escogida para las demás vigas. El resto de los dinteles, así como los soportes, están formados por perfiles laminados en sus distintas variantes.

  14. Los centros de rehabilitación laboral para personas con enfermedad mental de la Comunidad de Madrid: un recurso para el empleo en tiempos de crisis (2008-2012

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    Segundo Valmorisco Pizarro

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente artículo trata de identificar las variables que explican por qué los Centros de Rehabilitación Laboral (CRL para personas con enfermedad mental grave y duradera de la Comunidad de Madrid consiguen tasas de inserción sociolaboral cercanas al 50%, siendo un colectivo que presenta unas tasas de desempleo superiores al 80%. Para ello se ha utilizado una metodología, en primer lugar, documental a través del uso de memoras de de actividad de los CRL de la Comunidad de Madrid durante el periodo 2008-2012. Y, en segundo lugar, cualitativa mediante entrevistas en profundidad a profesionales de diferentes perfiles de varios CRL, así como al Coordinador técnico de la red pública de atención social y a personas con enfermedad mental grave y duradera de la Comunidad de Madrid; y grupos de discusión a profesionales según categoría, así como a personas atendidas y familiares. Los resultados obtenidos muestran que la Red pública de atención a personas con enfermedad mental grave y duradera de la Comunidad de Madrid ofrece más de 5.900 plazas en diferentes recursos para el colectivo (centros de rehabilitación psicosocial, centros de día de soporte social, centros de rehabilitación laboral, residencias o pisos supervisados. En concreto, los CRL atienden a un total de 1.313 personas, de las cuales el 47,4% encuentran empleo (622 personas con enfermedad mental grave y duradera.

  15. AGUA, SALUD Y SOCIEDAD EN LA SIERRA DE GUADARRAMA, 1890-1936. EL MANANTIAL DE AGUAS MINERO-MEDICINALES DE LA PORQUERIZA Y EL BALNEARISMO EN GUADARRAMA (COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

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    Miguel Ángel Soto Caba

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available La explotación y uso medicinal de los manantiales de la localidad de Guadarrama (Comunidad de Madrid se desarrolló durante el primer tercio del siglo XX, cuando en esta localidad se construyeron balnearios, colonias y centros de salud, en un contexto de cambios en la organización del sistema de salud y de implantación de las ideas defendidas por médicos higienistas y del movimiento Regeneracionista. En torno al manantial de La Porqueriza se constituyó una colonia veraniega, formada principalmente por miembros de la burguesía madrileña, con modos de vida saludables que apreciaba las propiedades medicinales del agua, el aire y el paisaje de la Sierra de Guadarrama en contraposición de los problemas sanitarios de la urbe madrileña.Abstract: The exploitation and use of medicinal springs in the town of Guadarrama (Community of Madrid occurred during the first third of the twentieth century, when resorts, colonies, and health centers were built, in a context of changes in the health system organization and the implementation of ideas then defended by hygienists doctors and regenerationists. Around the La Porqueriza spring a summer colony was formed, consisting mainly of members of the bourgeoisie of Madrid, who practiced healthy lifestyles and appreciated the medicinal properties of water, air and the landscape of the Sierra de Guadarrama which contrasted with health problems of Madrid.

  16. ¿Entre Roma y Madrid?: la reforma regalista y el Sínodo de Charcas (1771-1773

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    Luque Alcaide, Elisa

    2001-12-01

    Full Text Available En el contexto de las diversas interpretaciones historiográficas sobre la reforma eclesiástica americana del siglo XVIII, el artículo apunta la existencia de una corriente reformista autóctona. El Sínodo de Charcas (1771-1773 fue una iniciativa americana: lo convocó un obispo criollo antes de recibir el Tomo regio de Carlos III que pondría en marcha los concilios provinciales regalistas en América. El trabajo indaga las directrices reformistas del Sínodo en los decretos sobre párrocos y doctrineros. El estudio de la fuentes de esos decretos pone de relieve la recepción de los escritos de Benedicto XIV que, desde Roma, impulsó durante su pontificado (1740-1758 un movimiento de renovación cristiana. Los datos recogidos llevan a sostener que en el siglo XVIII existieron en América dos proyectos de reforma eclesiástica: uno regalista fraguado en Madrid y otro eclesial autóctono, en sintonía con las iniciativas de Roma y en continuidad con los concilios americanos de los siglos XVI y XVII.

  17. El componente léxico-semántico en la transmisión oral de información lingüística

    OpenAIRE

    Penas Ibáñez, María Azucena

    2003-01-01

    El presente trabajo ha surgido de la investigación llevada a cabo mediante el Proyecto de Investigación e Innovación Docente en la tutoría del Practicum: un enfoque interdisciplinar y reflexivo, subvencionado por el Rectorado de la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, durante el curso académico 1999-2000. Colaboraron siete alumnas en prácticas de Magisterio: Mª Elisa Menéndez Alvarez, Patricia Contreras García, Elena de Pablo Soto, Silvia Llorente García, Ana Mª López Arranz, Mª del Carmen E...

  18. Madrid 2012 project evaluation under a market perspective: An exploration of possibilities and opportunities for improvement

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    RICARDO GIMENO NOGUÉS

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available Madrid has never been so close to the organization of the Olympic Games since April 24, 1966 when Madrid lose against Munich to organize the Olympic Games of 1972. When organizing the Olympic Games, it is necessary to bear in mind not only infrastructures and sport venues, but also the opportunity for improving the quality of life and the community image abroad. In the present work, the Madrid Olympic Project presented to the Olympic International Committee in order to be elected to host the 2012 Summer Olympic Games is evaluated using a market orientation that takes into account the citizens” long term social welfare.

  19. El Abasto de Pan en el Madrid del Siglo XVII

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    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available El mercado del pan era el más importante de los mercados de abastos, pero también el que contaba con el más complejo sistema de intervención. Los objetivos de la política de abastos eran asegurar un suministro continuo a precios estables y moderados.Los instrumentos incluían la regulación de los precios del grano y el pan, la provisión directa a través del pósito municipal y, en el caso de la corte, el pan de registro. En este trabajo examinamos la política de tasas, las disposiciones del gobierno y el comportamiento de los precios del pan en Madrid y del trigo en los mercados de origen.

  20. NAO influence on extreme winter temperatures in Madrid (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prieto, L.; Garcia, R.; Hernandez, E.; Teso, T. del [Dept. Fisica de la Tierra II, Fac. CC. Fisicas, Univ. Complutense de Madrid (Spain); Diaz, J. [Centro Universitario de Salud Publica, Univ. Autonoma de Madrid (Spain)

    2002-12-01

    Extremely cold days (ECDs), with minimum temperatures lower than -4.6 C, have been analysed for Madrid. This threshold corresponds to the 5th percentile of the period 1963-1999. Adopting a case analysis approach, five synoptic patterns have been identified that produce these extremely low temperatures. Three of them are associated with cold air flows over the Iberian Peninsula, and the other two with a lack of significant circulation over the region. A non-linear association with the North Atlantic oscillation (NAO) has been identified using log-linear models. The NAO positive phase leads to an increase in the winter frequency of those synoptic patterns associated with stagnant air flow over Iberia, while those characterised by cold, northern flows do not appear to be similarly influenced. (orig.)

  1. The Universidad Complutense of Madrid meteor and fireball patrol station

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Gallego, J.; Ocaña, F.; Sanchez de Miguel, A.; Izquierdo, J.; Manjavacas, E.; Ponce, R.; Garcia, L.; Saez, G.; Ramirez, P.

    2011-11-01

    The Universidad Complutense of Madrid (UCM) has recently installed a high sensitivity video system to detect meteors. It is intended to study the entry in our atmosphere of interplanetary particles of mass greater than a gram. The station, not fully equipped yet, is a node of the national Spanish Fireball Network (SPMN) and includes cameras located at the Astronomical Observatory (Physics building) and others distributed around. The system has been automated to detect and record meteors only when the atmospheric conditions are good enough. Undergraduate and graduate physics students have collaborated to develop, install and test the system. Detections which are bright enough to drop a meteorite are analyzed using double station observations with the cameras of the SPMN nodes around Spain to determine their atmospheric paths, origin and landing area.

  2. Evolution in microbiological results in food samples in a health area in the Community of Madrid, Spain (1999-2002 Evolución de los resultados microbiológicos en alimentos de un área sanitaria de la Comunidad de Madrid (1999-2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jose Mª Ordóñez Iriarte

    2004-12-01

    tomadas de alimentos de industrias elaboradoras y de restauración del Distrito 1 del Área V de Salud de la Comunidad de Madrid en 1999, 2000, 2001 y 2002.Revisión de las actas de inspección de los establecimientos de restauración social.Análisis descriptivo de los mismos.Resultados: De las 383 muestras analizadas, 116 (30 ́3% superaron los límites microbiológicos permitidos por la legislación.El porcentaje de muestras correctas en comedores colectivos aumentó del 62% en 1999 al 89 ́9% en 2001 (pLos alimentos con mayor porcentaje de incumplimiento fueron los productos lácteos, seguidos de los embutidos. En platos elaborados, el porcentaje de incumplimiento fue mayor en los del grupo A.Las principales deficiencias en los establecimientos de restauración social fueron la ausencia de lavamanos de accionamiento no manual utilizables, ausencia de lejía de uso alimentario e inadecuada protección de los alimentos.Conclusiones: Tendencia positiva en los resultados microbiológicos en comedores colectivos, aunque persisten deficiencias tanto estructurales como de proceso. En el resto de programas los resultados son menos valorables debido al bajo número de muestras.Conseguir una mayor utilización de lejía de uso alimentario podría disminuir el porcentaje de alimentos del grupo A que superan los límites microbiológicos permitidos.

  3. La vivienda social en Madrid, 1939-1959

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    Jesús López Díaz

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available La autarquía económica, el control social y la escasez de medios técnicos y humanos marcarán la política de vivienda social en el Régimen de Franco hasta 1959, fecha del cambio de rumbo de la Dictadura, inicio de un tímido aperturismo y liberalización. Madrid en 1939 es una ciudad desordenada, parcialmente destruida por la guerra y receptora de una masiva inmigración rural; las diferentes entidades gubernamentales promoverán, con poco éxito, diversas actuaciones en materia de vivienda social, con algunos ejemplos notables para la arquitectura española contemporánea, siempre en medio del debate de la planificación urbana de la ciudad, con las implicaciones sociales, políticas y económicas que ello conlleva.The economic autarky, the social control and the shortage of technicians and humans resources will mark the policy of social house in Franco's regime until 1959, date of the course chango of the Dictatorship, beginning of a timid opening-up and liberalization. Madrid in 1939 is a disordered city, partially destroyed by the receiving v\\iar and receiving of a massive rural immigration; the different governmental organizations will promote, with little success, diverse performances in the matter of social house, with some remarkable examples for the contemporary Spanish architecture, always in the middie of the debate of the urban planning of the city, with the social implications, political and economic that it entails.

  4. Nueva área terminal del aeropuerto Madrid-Barajas

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    Lamela, Carlos

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available The new Terminal Area for Madrid-Barajas is now developing such an intenses works to execution. The 470,000 m2 Terminal is the centrepiece of an ambitious construction programme which will completely transform the existing airport with three new runways (one already in operation, new access roads, an extension to the Metro (with service direct to the new city centre transport interchange that will include airline check-in facilities, a rail connection, new multi-storey parking for 9000 cars and a midfield satellite (of a further 275,000 m2 linked to the terminal by a and a tracked transit system in a tunnel with space for the automated Baggage Handling system as well as vehicle access.La nueva Area Terminal del aeropuerto de Madrid-Barajas se encuentra ahora en pleno desarrollo de los trabajos. La Terminal de 470.000 m2 es el objeto de mayor interés de un ambicioso programa de construcción que transformará completamente el aeropuerto actual, con tres nuevas pistas (una ya en funcionamiento, nuevas carreteras de acceso, ampliación de la red del Metro (con servicio directo al nuevo intercambiador de pasajeros del centro de la ciudad, que incluirá instalaciones de facturación, conexión con la vía férrea, un nuevo estacionamiento en varios niveles para 9.000 coches y un satélite (de otros 275.000 m2, unido a la terminal mediante un sistema de transporte sobre railes, en un túnel con espacio para el sistema automatizado de Tratamiento de Equipajes así como acceso para vehículos.

  5. Memoriales del atentado del 11 de Marzo en Madrid

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    Carmen Ortiz Garcia

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Carmen Ortiz Garcia é Investigadora Cientifca do Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientifcas (CSIC, trabalha no Instituto de Lengua, Literatura y Antropologia, del Centro de Ciencias Humanas y Sociales (Madrid, onde integra o Grupo de Investigación Antropológica sobre Patrimonio y Culturas Populares (GIAP. O texto aqui apresentado fala do “Arquivo del Duelo” (“Arquivo da Dor”, cuja fnalidade é documentar em arquivo e analisar as demonstraç8es de dor que tiveram lugar após os atentados de 11 de Março em Madrid. O arquivo persegue um objectivo duplo: por um lado, contribuir para a construção da memória, incorporando as demonstrações de dor, cujo carácter efémero e anónimo as torna perecíveis, oferecendo à sociedade a possibilidade de conservar exemplos individuais e colectivos de manifestações de dor.Carmen Ortiz Garcia is a Science Researcher at the Superior Council for Science Research (CSIC, works at the Language, Literature and Anthropology Institute, from the Human and Social Sciences Centre, where she´s a part of the Group for Anthropological Research on Heritage and Popular Culture (GIAP. The following text speaks of the “Arquivo del Duelo” (“Archive of Grieve”, whose fnal purpose is to document and analyse the demonstrations of pain, whose ephemeral and anonymous character makes perishable, ofering to the society the possibility to conserve individual and colective examples of grief demonstrations.

  6. Autonomous Activist-Research. The case of the squatters' movement in Madrid

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    Martínez López, Miguel Ángel

    2012-12-01

    ónoma desarrollada con el movimiento de okupaciones de Madrid durante dos años y medio. En particular, nos centramos en las decisiones metodológicas adoptadas por los investigadores-activistas y describimos las principales contribuciones de este proceso participativo. De este modo, argumentamos que este proceso de investigación-activista se fundamentó en tres estrategias que proporcionaron un entorno productivo para la implicación de los participantes: a un grupo de investigadores activistas abierto, horizontal y autogestionado; b un compromiso con el “open-source” y “copy-left” para garantizar un acceso igualitario a la producción de conocimiento; c un enfoque metodológico cualitativo y comprensivo que permitió reunir un amplio rango de informaciones e integrar la diversidad social presente en el movimiento de okupaciones.

  7. La Colección de Anfibios de Madrid del Museo Nacional de Ciencias Naturales y su utilidad en conservación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martínez-Solano, Íñigo

    2003-12-01

    de las especies de anfibios en Madrid, considerando el % de cuadrículas UTM de 10x10 km del total del área de distribución de cada especie que se encuentran representadas en la colección; 2 el número de unidades infraespecíficas relevantes desde el punto de vista de la conservación (subespecies o grupos de poblaciones diferenciados ecológica o genéticamente representados en la colección para cada especie. Los valores de representatividad obtenidos oscilan entre el 0% (Hyla meridionalis y el 50% (Triturus alpestris. Además, se aporta información acerca de algunas de las poblaciones asentadas en los lugares de colecta históricos, lo que permite concluir que al menos 10 puntos de reproducción han desaparecido durante los últimos años como resultado de la actividad humana, con la consiguiente extinción local de esas poblaciones de anfibios. Por otro lado, en ciertos casos también se ha documentado la desaparición de especies en áreas aparentemente inalteradas. Finalmente, se discute la utilidad de las colecciones museológicas para afrontar aspectos prácticos relacionados con la gestión y conservación de grupos amenazados como los anfibios.

  8. Plant chromatin warms up in Madrid: meeting summary of the 3rd European Workshop on Plant Chromatin 2013, Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jarillo, José A; Gaudin, Valérie; Hennig, Lars; Köhler, Claudia; Piñeiro, Manuel

    2014-04-01

    The 3rd European Workshop on Plant Chromatin (EWPC) was held on August 2013 in Madrid, Spain. A number of different topics on plant chromatin were presented during the meeting, including new factors mediating Polycomb Group protein function in plants, chromatin-mediated reprogramming in plant developmental transitions, the role of histone variants, and newly identified chromatin remodeling factors. The function of interactions between chromatin and transcription factors in the modulation of gene expression, the role of chromatin dynamics in the control of nuclear processes and the influence of environmental factors on chromatin organization were also reported. In this report, we highlight some of the new insights emerging in this growing area of research, presented at the 3rd EWPC.

  9. Analysis of 31.4GHz Atmospheric Noise Temperature Measurements at Madrid Deep Space Communications Complex

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shambayati, S.; Keihm, S.

    1998-01-01

    The atmospheric noise temperature at 31.4GHz was measured at NASA's Deep Space Communications Complex at Madrid from September 1990 to December 1996 excluding February 1991 and May 1992 using a Water Vapor Radiometer.

  10. Molecular detection of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon sp. in domestic and stray cats from Madrid, Spain

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Díaz-Regañón, David; Villaescusa, Alejandra; Ayllón, Tania; Rodríguez-Franco, Fernando; Baneth, Gad; Calleja-Bueno, Lydia; García-Sancho, Mercedes; Agulla, Beatriz; Sainz, Ángel

    2017-01-01

    .... The aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from Madrid, Spain...

  11. Gymkhana Matemática para estudiantes universitarios por la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mª Dolores López González

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge la experiencia del Grupo de Innovación Educativa(GIE “Pensamiento Matemático” de la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid(UPM en la realización de una Gymkhana Matemática por el campus deMoncloa en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid que tuvo lugar el 30 de septiembre de 2011.

  12. Regional water footprint and water management: the case of Madrid region (Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Soler Rovira, José; Arroyo Sanz, Juan Manuel; Conde Marcos, Hugo; Sanz Zudaire, Carlos; Mesa Moreno, Alfredo; Gil Pascual, Sergio

    2010-01-01

    Water resources and water footprint of the production and consumption in Madrid region were estimated, considering blue water (water resources), green water (soil moisture), grey water (polluted water) and virtual water (water trade in products imported and exported in the region). Water resources in Madrid relay mainly in surface waters and rainfall, so the periodic occurrence of meteorological droughts implies the scarcity of water supply. The main users of blue water are households, munici...

  13. Retrato de estudio. Niña de primera Comunión. Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Company

    2010-01-01

    1 fot.; papel; imagen 17,7 x 23,8 cm. - Retrato de estudio. Niña de primera Comunión. Madrid. (Gelatina D. O. P. mate montada sobre cartulina, medida total 17,7 x 23,8. Sello troquelado e impreso del fotógrafo con letras doradas en ángulo superior izquierdo de cartulina: Company Fotog., 29, Fuencarral - Madrid"). - Procedencia: fondo Miguel de Unamuno. - Buena Conservación.

  14. Wild food plants traditionallly used in the province of Madrid, Central Spain.

    OpenAIRE

    Morales Valverde, Ramón; Tardío, Javier; Pascual, Higinio

    2005-01-01

    [ES]PLANTAS SILVESTRES ALIMENTARIAS USADAS TRADICIONALMENTE EN LA PROVINCIA DE MADRID, CENTRO DE ESPAN˜ A. En este trabajo se exponen los resultados obtenidos en un estudio etnobota´nico, realizado entre 1999 y 2002, sobre las plantas silvestres usadas tradicionalmente en la alimentacio ´n en la regio´n de Madrid, en el centro de Espan˜a. Se ha registrado el uso de 123 especies vasculares, pertenecientes a 31 familias, incluyendo verduras, frutos silvestres, plantas utilizadas ...

  15. Molecular detection of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon sp. in domestic and stray cats from Madrid, Spain

    OpenAIRE

    D?az-Rega??n, David; Villaescusa, Alejandra; Ayll?n, Tania; Rodr?guez-Franco, Fernando; Baneth, Gad; Calleja-Bueno, Lydia; Garc?a-Sancho, Mercedes; Agulla, Beatriz; Sainz, ?ngel

    2017-01-01

    Background Different species of apicomplexan protozoans of the genera Hepatozoon and Cytauxzoon can infect domestic cats, but their epidemiology and clinical relevance are not fully understood. The aim of this study was to assess the molecular prevalence of Hepatozoon spp. and Cytauxzoon spp. and to identify associated risk factors and clinical and laboratory abnormalities in a population of cats from Madrid, Spain. Methods Six hundred and forty-four client-owned and stray cats from Madrid, S...

  16. BROTE DE LEGIONELOSIS EN UN RESTAURANTE DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Abad Sanz

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: el 27 de Junio de 2012 se detectó en el Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 8 de la Comunidad de Madrid un brote de legio- nelosis con 46 personas afectadas. Todas habían estado en el mismo restaurante del municipio de Móstoles dentro del periodo de incubación de la enfermedad. El objetivo de este trabajo es describir la evolución del brote y las medidas sanitarias adoptadas durante el mismo. Métodos: se trata de un estudio descriptivo. Se estudiaron las variables demográficas de los enfermos , antecedentes patológicos, síntomas, evolución clínica y pruebas diagnósticas. Para las variables cualitativas se calcularon frecuencias y porcentajes. Para las variables cuantitativas la media, el valor mínimo y máximo. En las muestras de agua tomadas en las instalaciones de riesgo se estudió concentración de cloro, pH, temperatura y presencia de Legionella. Resultados: en el cultivo del agua del filtro de arena de la depuradora de la fuente exterior creció Legionella pneumophila Serogrupo 1, Sub-grupo Pontiac Allentown/France. Este resultado coincidió con la cepa aislada en las muestras respiratorias de 4 pacientes. Por otro lado, en las muestras de biopelícula obtenidas en la champanera se detectó por PCR la presencia de Legionella pneumophila cuya secuenciación de genes fue idéntica a la encontrada en la muestra respiratoria de un paciente. Conclusiones: se consiguió aislar Legionella pneumophila serogrupo 1 Subgrupo Pontiac Allentown/France serotipo 448 en muestras ambientales, coincidente con la Legionella aislada en muestras respiratorias de algunos pacientes, por lo que se pudo demostrar la vinculación entre el factor de riesgo ambiental y la enfermedad. Este vínculo se confirmó además por secuenciación genética realizada por PCR.

  17. El Jardín Botánico de Madrid y sus relaciones con Francia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peset, José Luis

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available The Botanical Garden from Madrid was created in 1755 with the purpose of studying and cultivate the medicinal plants. Its ulterior evolution is characterized for its relationship with the Garden of Plants of Paris, circumstance that retarded the application of the Linnean system in favor of the model of Tournefort. With the transfer of the Garden, in 1774, to its actual location of the Paseo del Prado, the French bond increases. The first professor, Casimiro Gómez Ortega, travels to Paris where he contacts with André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau, and Buffon, whose botanical guidelines try to introduce at his return. But it will be at the posterior management of Claudio Boutelou, during the reign of José I, when the French presence in the Garden obtains its paramount influence. Influence and collaboration between the two institutions that continues today.

    El madrileño Jardín Botánico fue creado en 1755 con el fin de estudiar y cultivar las plantas medicinales. Su ulterior evolución se caracteriza por su relación con el parisino Jardín de Plantas, circunstancia que retrasó la aplicación del sistema linneano en favor del modelo de Tournefort. Con el traslado en 1774 del Jardín a su actual emplazamiento del Paseo del Prado, el vínculo francés aumenta. El primer catedrático Casimiro Gómez Ortega viaja a París donde contacta con André Thouin, Duhamel de Monceau y Buffon, cuyas directrices botánicas trata de implantar a su regreso. Pero será con la posterior dirección de Claudio Boutelou, durante el reinado de José I, cuando la presencia francesa en el Jardín alcanza su máxima cuota. Influencia y colaboración entre las dos instituciones que llegará hasta hoy.

  18. LA CASA MORELIANA DURANTE EL PORFIRIATO

    OpenAIRE

    Servín Orduño, Gabriela

    2012-01-01

    El estudio de las ciudades va más allá de un simple análisis urbanístico, arquitectónico o social; todo aquel que pretenda acercarse a ella, palparla y olerla, tendrá que estudiarla como un todo, poniendo atención a todos sus elementos para poder concebirla. El periodo porfiriano a pesar de ser por muchos intelectuales estudiado presenta nuevos retos, sobre todo en lo que refiere al estudio de su arquitectura por ser durante este periodo cuando se gestaron una gran variedad de ...

  19. FARMACOTERAPIA ESTOMATOLOGICA DURANTE LA GESTACION Y LACTANCIA

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrejos Alvarez, José A.; Profesor del Servicio de Cirugía Bucal y Máxilo-Facial, Fac. De Odontología, Universidad de San Marcos. Miembro Fundador de la Asociación peruana de Cirugía Máxilo-Facial y medicina Estomatológica. Profesor de POST-GRADO, Area de farmacología, sociedad Peruana de Endodoncia. Consultor de Farmacología del Colegio odontológico de Lima, años '96 Y 97'.

    2014-01-01

    Desde hace varias décadas atrás,la administración de fármacos en gestante ha estado rodeada de un halo de misterio combinado con el miedo por parte del profesional médico ú odontólogo. Es cierto que lo ideal es no administrar ningún tipo de medicamento durante el embarazo, pero tambien es cierto, que muchas veces es imposible cumplir con ésto. desde una óptica estomatológica, existen varias circunstancias en las que es necesario, por no decir obligatorio administrar fármacos en una gestante. ...

  20. FARMACOTERAPIA ESTOMATOLOGICA DURANTE LA GESTACION Y LACTANCIA

    OpenAIRE

    Cabrejos Alvarez, José A.; Profesor del Servicio de Cirugía Bucal y Máxilo-Facial, Fac. De Odontología, Universidad de San Marcos. Miembro Fundador de la Asociación peruana de Cirugía Máxilo-Facial y medicina Estomatológica. Profesor de POST-GRADO, Area de farmacología, sociedad Peruana de Endodoncia. Consultor de Farmacología del Colegio odontológico de Lima, años '96 Y 97'.

    2014-01-01

    Desde hace varias décadas atrás,la administración de fármacos en gestante ha estado rodeada de un halo de misterio combinado con el miedo por parte del profesional médico ú odontólogo. Es cierto que lo ideal es no administrar ningún tipo de medicamento durante el embarazo, pero tambien es cierto, que muchas veces es imposible cumplir con ésto. desde una óptica estomatológica, existen varias circunstancias en las que es necesario, por no decir obligatorio administrar fármacos en una gestante. ...

  1. El estudio de la anatomía en la formación académica de los artistas durante el período ilustrado. Aportaciones de algunos pintores y grabadores valencianos

    OpenAIRE

    2005-01-01

    El artículo pretende mostrar las complejas circunstancias que rodearon a la enseñanza de la anatomía y la representación correcta del cuerpo humano en la Real Academia de Bellas Artes de San Fernando de Madrid durante el último tercio del siglo XVIII y la distinta labor desarrollada en ese contexto por los artistas valencianos Juan Bautista Bru de Ramón (1742-1799), José López Enguídanos (1760-1812) y José Asensio y Torres (1759-1820). (A)

  2. GuMNet - Guadarrama Monitoring Network initiative (Madrid,Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santolaria-Canales, Edmundo

    2017-04-01

    The Guadarrama Monitoring Network initiative (GuMNet) is an observational infrastructure focused on monitoring the state of the atmosphere, surface and subsurface in the Sierra de Guadarrama, 50 km NW of the city of Madrid. The network is composed of 10 automatic real time weather stations ranging from low altitude (ca. 900 m.a.s.l) to high mountain areas (ca. 2400 m.a.s.l). The GuMNet infrastructure consists in 10 real time automatic weather stations with instrumentation for observing the state of the atmosphere, surface and the subsurface at the Sierra de Guadarrama, just 50 km north-northwest of the city of Madrid. GuMNet lays the foundations of a research network on weather, soil thermodynamics, boundary layer physics, climate and ecosystem oriented impacts, air pollutions, etc. in the Sierra de Guadarrama. GuMNet represents a first step to provide a unique observational network in an environment of high protection to be used as a laboratory serving a wide range of scientific and educational interests. High altitude sites are focused on periglacial areas and lower altitude sites have emphasis on pastures. One of the low altitude sites is equipped with a 10 m high anemometric tower with a 3D sonic anemometer at the top jointly with a CO2/H2O analyzer that will allow sampling of wind profiles and H2O and CO2 eddy covariance fluxes, important for soil respiration and CO2 and water vapor exchange. A portable station has also a 3D sonic anemometer with CO2/H2O analyzer, this 4 meters-high portable tower is designed for comparison with other soil terrain fluxes. The network is connected via general packet radio service (GPRS) to the central lab in the Campus of Excellence of Moncloa and a management software has been developed to handle the operation of the infrastructure. The deployment of instrumentation and connection of sites to the network was finished in 2016. GuMNet is currently in the process of becoming operational. Conceptually, GuMNet intends to convert a

  3. Análisis espacial de la mortalidad por enfermedades cardiovasculares en la ciudad de Madrid, España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Gómez-Barroso

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Las enfermedades cardiovasculares son la principal causa de muerte en el mundo, aunque su distribución espacial no es homo¬génea. El objetivo del estudio fue analizar el patrón espacial de la mortalidad por enfermedades cardiovasculares en el área urbana poblada (AUP del municipio de Madrid así como identificar agregaciones espaciales. Métodos: Se realizó un estudio ecológico, por sección censal, para hombres y mujeres durante 2010. Se calculó la Razón de Mortalidad Estan¬darizada (RME, Riesgo Relativo Suavizado (RRS y Probabilidad Posterior (PP de que el RRS fuera mayor que 1. Para identificar clusters espaciales se utilizó el índice de Moran (I Moran y el Índice Local de Autocorrelación Espacial (LISA. Los resultados fueron representados cartográficamente. Resultados: En el caso de los hombres se observó una RME mayor de 1,1 especialmente en áreas centrales y en en el grupo de las mujeres ocurrió en la periferia. LA PP de que el RRS fuera mayor que 1 superó el 0,8 en el centro para los hombres y en la periferia en mujeres. El I Moran fue de 0,04 para hombres y de 0,03 para mujeres (p <0,05 en ambos casos. Conclusiones: En el patrón espacial de la mortalidad por enfermedades cardiovasculares en Madrid, se observaron diferencias por sexo. Los mapas de RME, RRS y PP mostraron un patrón más heterogéneo en los hombres mientras que en las mujeres se detectó uno más definido, con un riesgo re¬lativamente mayor en zonas periféricas del AUP. El método LISA mostró agrupaciones espaciales similares a los patrones anteriormente observados

  4. Contenido de ácidos grasos trans en alimentos comercializados en la Comunidad de Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Moreno Alcalde

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introducción: Como consecuencia de las evidencias científicas que indican que la ingesta elevada de ácidos grasos trans es un factor de riesgo de algunas enfermedades, las autoridades sanitarias recomiendan consumos de ácidos grasos trans menores del 1% de la ingesta energética total. Por otra parte, la Comisión Europea deberá presentar, antes del mes de diciembre del año 2014, un informe sobre la presencia de grasas trans en los alimentos y en la dieta de la población de la unión, por lo que este trabajo puede aportar información útil para conseguir ese objetivo. Objetivos: Conocer los contenidos de ácidos grasos trans en algunos grupos de alimentos de la Comunidad de Madrid. Métodos: Se han seleccionado y analizado 170 muestras de diferentes alimentos de consumo habitual entre niños y adolescentes, que fueron adquiridas durante el mes de febrero de 2010 en centros comerciales de la Comunidad de Madrid. Los resultados se han expresado como porcentaje de cada uno de los ácidos grasos frente al total de los que contiene el alimento. Resultados: Únicamente en 33 alimentos (un 19,4% se ha constatado la presencia de ácidos grasos trans por encima del límite de detección de la técnica (≥ 0,1 g por 100 g, encontrándose las cifras más elevadas en el grupo de los derivados lácteos, con un contenido medio de un 0,4%. Discusión/conclusiones: El contenido en ácidos grasos trans en los productos analizados puede considerarse bajo, en comparación con las cantidades que refieren diferentes autores en alimentos comercializados tanto en España como en otros países a lo largo de los últimos años. Es preciso continuar este tipo de estudios para controlar la calidad y seguridad nutricional de la ingesta de grasa por parte de la población española en general y, en particular, niños y jóvenes.

  5. Ancestry analysis in the 11-M Madrid bomb attack investigation.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher Phillips

    Full Text Available The 11-M Madrid commuter train bombings of 2004 constituted the second biggest terrorist attack to occur in Europe after Lockerbie, while the subsequent investigation became the most complex and wide-ranging forensic case in Spain. Standard short tandem repeat (STR profiling of 600 exhibits left certain key incriminatory samples unmatched to any of the apprehended suspects. A judicial order to perform analyses of unmatched samples to differentiate European and North African ancestry became a critical part of the investigation and was instigated to help refine the search for further suspects. Although mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA and Y-chromosome markers routinely demonstrate informative geographic differentiation, the populations compared in this analysis were known to show a proportion of shared mtDNA and Y haplotypes as a result of recent gene-flow across the western Mediterranean, while any two loci can be unrepresentative of the ancestry of an individual as a whole. We based our principal analysis on a validated 34plex autosomal ancestry-informative-marker single nucleotide polymorphism (AIM-SNP assay to make an assignment of ancestry for DNA from seven unmatched case samples including a handprint from a bag containing undetonated explosives together with personal items recovered from various locations in Madrid associated with the suspects. To assess marker informativeness before genotyping, we predicted the probable classification success for the 34plex assay with standard error estimators for a naïve Bayesian classifier using Moroccan and Spanish training sets (each n = 48. Once misclassification error was found to be sufficiently low, genotyping yielded seven near-complete profiles (33 of 34 AIM-SNPs that in four cases gave probabilities providing a clear assignment of ancestry. One of the suspects predicted to be North African by AIM-SNP analysis of DNA from a toothbrush was identified late in the investigation as Algerian in origin. The

  6. Tectonic stress within the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grana, Jeffrey P.; Richardson, Randall M.

    1996-03-01

    Refraction data indicate a significant high-density rift pillow beneath the New Madrid seismic zone. We present results of linear and nonlinear viscoelastic finite element modeling to determine whether support of the rift pillow may contribute significantly to the total present-day stress field, and we consider the implications for intraplate seismicity. These models were run for a loading time of 100 m.y. to account for relaxation and transfer of stress since the last reactivation of the rift in the mid-Mesozoic. Results indicate that the nonlinear viscoelastic model with rheological stratification based on composition and temperature agrees well with the observed deformation within the seismic zone and with estimates of regional stress magnitudes. The model predicts a maximum compression of 30-40 MPa above the rift pillow in the center of the rift axis. If the magnitude of local compression predicted by the nonlinear model produces the inferred clockwise rotation of the order of 10°-30° in the direction of SHmax (maximum horizontal compression) near the rift axis, the magnitude of regional compression is a factor of 1 to 2 times the magnitude of local compression and consistent with an origin due to ridge push forces. The addition of the local stress associated with the rift pillow, however, results in an approximately 30% reduction in the resolved maximum horizontal shear stress. Thus, while the stress associated with the rift pillow can rotate the stress field into an orientation favorable for failure, reduction in the resolved shear stress requires a separate mechanism for strength reduction. Results of the modeling indicate that stresses from the load of the rift pillow may still be present in the upper crust even after 100 m.y. and may still play a role in present-day deformation and seismicity of the New Madrid seismic zone. Local stress fields of significant tectonic magnitudes may also occur around other ancient rift pillows and help explain the

  7. Casa consistorial en Pinto. Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruiz Palomeque, Gerardo

    1987-02-01

    Full Text Available All the basical principles in which was founded the building design and execution of the New Town-Hall in Pinto-Madrid are described and commented in this article. The singularity of the building correspond to an integrated action of all the aesthetical, environmental, functional and constructive conditionings (it is about the enlargement of the existant little Town-Hall and simultaneously, to an attempt to reach, through its design, the needed climatic control of the indoors. This is the fundamental characteristic of the so called bioclimatic Architecture from which this building is the most representative contemporary work built in Spain. In the same way it is described the scheme of its performances as an autoregulation system of the environmental parametres within a convenient situation stable in time. The building obtain almost all the heat energy from a collector wall, of Trombe type, placed in the southern fagade and it is supported by a heat pump impulsion system, and it stores all the exceeding energy produced in favourable periods in a great gravel accumulator located under the floor of the basement.

    En el presente artículo se describen y comentan todos aquellos principios básicos en que se fundamentó el proyecto y la ejecución de las Obras de la Nueva Casa Consistorial del Ayuntamiento de Pinto (Madrid. La singularidad del edificio se debe a que se trata de dar en él una respuesta integrada ante todos los condicionantes estéticos, medioambientales, funcionales y constructivos (se trata de la ampliación del pequeño Ayuntamiento existente, con simultaneidad al intento de lograr, por su propio diseño, el necesario control climático interior. Esta es la característica fundamental de la llamada Arquitectura Bioclimática, de la que este edificio es la muestra contemporánea más importante realizada en España. Asimismo se describe su esquema de funcionamiento como un sistema capaz de autorregular sus par

  8. Características sociodemográficas de la población inmigrante diagnosticada de tuberculosis en la Comunidad de Madrid Sociodemographic characteristics of the immigrant population with a diagnosis of tuberculosis in the autonomous community of Madrid (Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belén Sanz Barbero

    2007-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir las características sociodemográficas de la población inmigrante enferma de tuberculosis en la Comunidad de Madrid. Pacientes y método: Estudio descriptivo. Captación de casos: 15 hospitales de la Comunidad de Madrid y 3 consultas de atención primaria de la Cruz Roja. Se incluyeron a los inmigrantes económicos, mayores de 15 años, no internos en prisión y diagnosticados de tuberculosis durante el año 2003. Resultados: Se identificaron 312 personas, 296 formaron parte del estudio. Las principales nacionalidades fueron Ecuador (27,4% y Marruecos (19,3%. Un 18,9% de la población no tenía cobertura sanitaria. El tiempo medio transcurrido desde la entrada en España y la enfermedad fue de 29,5 meses. El 66,9% vivía con algún familiar. El 63,2% de la población que estaba laboralmente activa realizaba trabajos informales. El principal factor de riesgo fue ser bebedor de riesgo. Conclusiones: Es necesario conocer la situación sociosanitaria de la población inmigrante enferma de tuberculosis para poder adaptar los programas de control a una nueva situación epidemiológica y social.Objetive: To describe the social and demographic characteristics of immigrant patients diagnosed of tuberculosis in the Community of Madrid. Participants and method: Descriptive study. The information was gathered from the patients diagnosed in 15 hospitals of the Community of Madrid, and 3 primary health Red Cross facilities. Criteria for inclusion: to be tuberculosis diagnosed during the year 2003, to be economic immigrant, to be older than 15 year-old, and not to be in prison. Results: 312 persons were identified. 296 were included in the study. Main nationalities: Ecuador (27.4% and Morocco (19.3%. The 18.9% of the population does not have health insurance. The time between the arrival to Spain and the illness was 29.5 months. The 66.9% of the cases lived with some relatives. The 63.2% of the active population worked in the informal

  9. Uso de Psicofármacos en prisión (CP Madrid III The use of psychotropic drugs in prison (CP Madrid III

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    O. Varela-González

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available El uso de psicofármacos en el entorno de atención primaria está aumentando exponencialmente y el medio penitenciario no constituye una excepción a esta tendencia. Con alguna frecuencia estos tratamientos se prescriben buscando utilidades terapéuticas en relación con trastornos de personalidad, dependencias y conductas disfuncionales que no han sido aceptadas como indicaciones (uso compasivo. El presente estudio ha permitido una descripción pormenorizada del uso de psicofármacos en el Centro Penitenciario (CP Madrid III, uno de los centros con menor gasto farmacéutico de la Comunidad Autónoma. Durante dos semanas se registraron todas las prescripciones de psicofármacos junto con diversos parámetros que pudiesen resultar condicionantes. Un 23,46% de la población recibía algún tipo de psicofármaco; el 76% de los internos a tratamiento recibía uno o dos psicofármacos, un 65% tenía prescritos ansiolíticos, un 38% antidepresivos y un 27% antipsicóticos. El consumo total de psicofármacos ascendió a 9.840 Dosis Diarias de Mantenimiento, un 46% de las cuales correspondían con ansiolíticos, un 17% con antidepresivos y un 14% con antipsicóticos. En dos semanas, el gasto total sumó 5.379 euros y los antipsicóticos acumularon un 72% del coste (3.857 euros. Hay indicios de que el uso compasivo de nuevos antipsicóticos y antiepilépticos supone un porcentaje sustancial del incremento del gasto con dudosa utilidad. Los resultados del estudio apuntan al médico prescriptor como agente primordial en relación con qué, cuánto y con qué coste se prescribe. Al contrario de lo que cabía esperar, no se encontró asociación entre variables como la edad, nacionalidad, grado o tipo de condena de los internos y la prescripción de los distintos subgrupos de psicofármacos con la excepción de las benzodiacepinas.The use of psychotropic drugs in primary care has exponentially increased and prisons are no exception. These drugs are often

  10. Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR). Annual report 1999/2000; Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. (FNR). Jahresbericht 1999/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schuette, A.

    2001-07-01

    The annual report of the Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. outlines the state of the art and the boundary conditions of energy plant utilisation. The organisational struture of the association and its research projects are presented. [German] Der Jahresbericht der Fachagentur Nachwachsende Rohstoffe e.V. stellt Stand der Technik und Rahmenbedingungen fuer die Verwendung von Energiepflanzen dar. Die Organisation des Vereins sowie die gefoerderten Forschungsprojekte werden vorgestellt.

  11. Complejo parroquial de Santa Ana, en Moratalaz, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fisac, Miguel

    1967-06-01

    Full Text Available This church is sited at Moratalaz, a modern district of low rent houses in Madrid, and the architect has attempted to represent in the design the liturgical concepts developed in the Vatican II Council. These precise ideas have been expressed in the architecture by means of highly plastic symbols. In addition, the planform is very functional and the reinforced and prestressed concrete have been almost the only material used: so that the construction medium is also in accord with the modern nature of the design. The shapes, the space arrangement and everything which might seem a capricious creation of the artist in fact are the result of a detailed analysis of function and reason.Este complejo parroquial se ha levantado en Moratalaz, que es un barrio popular de la capital de España, procurando imprimir y recoger todas las premisas litúrgicas marcadas por el Concilio Vaticano II. El arquitecto ha plasmado sus precisas ideas en un edificio de gran expresividad plástica y de planta orgánica y eficaz, utilizando, casi exclusivamente, un material de nuestro tiempo: hormigón armado y pretensado. Las formas, la disposición de espacios y todo cuanto puede parecer caprichosa creación del artista, no son, en realidad, sino resultado de un cuidadoso estudio de funcionalismo racional y utilitario.

  12. Edificio "IBM avenida de América" Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gayarre, Salvador

    1991-06-01

    Full Text Available The very actual subject of the "smart builgings", as those that incorporate Information technologie elements to be able for the avanced services performances, is the theme of this work about the IBM building in Madrid, that has been thought to help the persons that work behind it or that have any relations hip with the enterprise. The main architectural characteristics systems and services are described, including perspectives and drawings to make easier the comprehension of the proyect.

    El tema muy actual de los "edificios inteligentes", es decir, los que incorporan elementos de las Tecnologías de la Información que los capaciten para la prestación de servicios avanzados, es tratado en el presente artículo referido a un magnífico edificio madrileño, concebido para ayudar al individuo, tanto a las personas que trabajan en él como a aquellas que mantienen relación con IBM España. Se sintetizan en el artículo las características arquitectónicas del edificio y se describen los sistemas y servicios más importantes, incluyéndose las plantas y perspectivas que permiten al lector tener una idea del conjunto.

  13. Microsporidiosis in HIV-positive children in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Aguila, C; Navajas, R; Gurbindo, D; Ramos, J T; Mellado, M J; Fenoy, S; Muñoz Fernandez, M A; Subirats, M; Ruiz, J; Pieniazek, N J

    1997-01-01

    A prospective study was carried out to determine the prevalence rates of microsporidiosis and other enteroparasites in HIV-positive children in the Madrid area. HIV-positive pediatric patients from three hospitals were enrolled in the study. A total of 293 samples (158 stool and 127 urine) were collected from 83 children whose mean age was 6.3 years and had a mean CD4 count of 504.7/mm3 (range 1-2,220/mm3), 48 of whom suffered diarrhea at the time of the study. Microsporidia identification was investigated in stool and urine samples using Weber's chromotrope-based stain, IIF and PCR species-specific tests. Enteric parasites were identified in 32.5% of the children. Cryptosporidium sp. was the most common parasite encountered (14.4%), followed by Blastocytis sp. (9.6%) and Giardia duodenalis (8.4%). Microsporidia was only found in the stools of one child (1.2% of total and 2% of those with diarrhea) and Enterocytozoon bieneusi was demonstrated by PCR. The patient was 10 years old, presented non-chronic diarrhea and his CD4 count was 298/mm3. These data differ from those previously reported by us in HIV-positive adults (13.9%) in the same area, although this group showed more severely depressed CD4 lymphocyte counts than children. New epidemiological studies should be carried out to elucidate whether additional risk factors exist between these groups.

  14. Madrid-Sevilla desde su implantación

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    Ma. Pilar González Yanci

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available El ferrocarril de alta velocidad ha supuesto la última gran transformación de este medio de transporte, que, en sus inicios, fue uno de los elementos clave de la Revolución Industrial. La primera línea española Madrid-Sevilla, con 13 años de funcionamiento, permite analizar la evolución del tráfico generado y la incidencia que tiene en las ciudades a las que sirve, que, con una fuerte componente espacial y urbanística, afecta en gran medida a la población y, por consiguiente, a la actividad económica desarrollada. El diferente tamaño y peso en la jerarquía urbana de las cinco ciudades, muy diversas, así como el grado de transformación respecto al anterior ferrocarril, dan lugar a distintas situaciones en cada caso, resultando tanto mayor la incidencia cuanto mayor ha sido el volumen de infraestructuras construidas, pero resultando siempre motor de desarrollo de nuevo tejido urbano y nuevas actividades, así como posibilitando el cambio de uso del suelo en los espacios liberados por traslado de instalaciones.

  15. La imagen alfonsina del Palacio Real de Madrid

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    José Luis Sancho

    1990-01-01

    Full Text Available A finales del siglo XIX el Palacio Real de Madrid sufrió una reforma que supuso un cambio importante en el aspecto interior de esta residencia real. En 1879 y con el segundo matrimonio de Alfonso XII como causa inmediata, la decoración se puso al servicio de una escenografía monárquica bastante diferente a la isabelina. Los cambios no fueron en absoluto puntuales, sino que respondieron a una campaña global y pensada de una vez, cuyas cabezas más destacadas fueron el arquitecto mayor de Palacio, José Segundo de Lema, y el conde de Valencia de Don Juan como asesor histórico-artístico, y que estaba en perfecto acuerdo con el momento político y el gusto de su momento. La restauración alfonsina, ya consolidada, exigía una imagen oficial de la monarquía en la cual el lujo inherente a la representación no podía quedar encerrado en perpetuar la pompa dieciochesca, según había señalado un publicista tan notable como Galdós.

  16. The CSN hosts the Second International Conference on Nuclear Security in Madrid; El CSN acoge en Madrid la Segunda Conferencia Internacional de Seguridad Fisica Nuclear

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Scialdone Garcia, A.

    2016-08-01

    The second International Conference on Nuclear Security was held in Madrid between May 9th and 13th last. The acting Minister of the Interior announced that the number of officers of the Guardia Civil watching over the Spanish nuclear power plants will be doubled. (Author)

  17. ENERNOVA 2000: renewable energies and cogeneration, Madrid 16-18 May 2000; ENERNOVA 2000 : Energias Renovables y Cogeneracion, Madrid 16- 18 de Mayo de 2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2000-07-01

    The meeting ned in Madrid on renewable energies and cogeneration analyzes the relationship between these energy sources and the electric market. The renewable sources: biomass, photovoltaic conversion, solar thermal conversion, are studied into the new Spanish market. The cogeneration plants and its technology are also analyzed.

  18. Bioclimatic buildings of 16 houses in Pozuelo de Alarcon (Madrid); Edificio bioclimatico de 16 viviendas de promocion publica pra jovenes en Pozuelo de Alarcon. (Madrid)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yanez, G.; Yanez-Lopez del Amo, L.

    2004-07-01

    We present in this article a housing building for young people recently built for the Autonomous Administration of Madrid in Pozuelo de Alarcon in which have been applied some bioclimatic and energy efficiency techniques. In this communication are described the main architectural features and are exposed some of the estimated results of energy saving and reduction of Co2. (Author)

  19. ACCIDENTES CON EXPOSICIÓN A MATERIAL BIOLÓGICO CONTAMINADO POR VIH EN TRABAJADORES DE UN HOSPITAL DE TERCER NIVEL DE MADRID (1986-2001

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aurelia García de Codes Ilario

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: La contaminación por el virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana (VIH es un riesgo ocupacional para los profesionales sanitarios accidentados contaminados con sangre positiva al VIH. El objetivo de nuestro estudio es describir las características de los accidentes registrados durante dieciséis años en un hospital general con sangre o fluidos biológicos procedentes de pacientes VIH positivos, determinar las tasas de exposición accidental en las diferentes categorías profesionales y comprobar el seguimiento realizado por los trabajadores del protocolo de accidentes establecido. Métodos: Estudio descriptivo en un hospital general de Madrid durante el período 1986 a 2001, de los accidentes con presencia de material biológico procedente de personas con serología VIH positiva. Se han estudiado variables del profesional accidentado relacionadas con persona, lugar y tiempo, además de las serologías al inicio y durante el seguimiento protocolizado. Resultados: Durante el período de estudio se declararon 550 accidentes con fuente VIH positiva. La media fue de 34,4 de accidentes por año. La tasa de exposición fue de 7,5 por cada 1.000 trabajadores- año. El colectivo profesional con mayor frecuencia de accidentes fue el personal de enfermería (54,4%. Las lesiones percutáneas fueron las más frecuentes (80,2%. La tasa media de exposición ha sido de 2,6 por cada 100 camas-año. Las zonas anatómicas más afectadas fueron los dedos de la mano (75,6%. El 53,6% de los accidentados finalizó el seguimiento serológico, sin registrarse ninguna seroconversión. Conclusiones: Durante los dieciséis años de estudio, la incidencia anual de accidentes con fuente VIH positiva fue en aumento desde los 27 accidentes declarados en 1986 hasta los 60 accidentes en 1990, con una tendencia descendente desde ese momento hasta contabilizarse 12 accidentes en el año 2001.

  20. Prevalence and correlates of skin cancer risk behaviors in Madrid (Spain Prevalencia y factores relacionados con las conductas de riesgo de cáncer de piel en Madrid (España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iñaki Galán

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: To estimate the prevalence and correlates of skin cancer-related behaviors in a representative sample of the population of the region of Madrid (Spain. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional study based on a telephone survey. A total of 2,007 participants aged 18-64 years completed a questionnaire that included items on knowledge about the risk of skin cancer, sun exposure, the use of ultraviolet (UV lamps and sunburn during the previous year. Logistic regression models were constructed, adjusted for gender, age, educational level and employment status. Results: Sun exposure as a risk factor for skin cancer was identified by 92.3% of participants and artificial tanning by 73.6%. Knowledge of risk factors was greater among university graduates and women (PObjetivo: Estimar la prevalencia y los factores asociados a las conductas relacionadas con el cáncer de piel en una muestra representativa de la Comunidad de Madrid (España. Métodos: Estudio transversal basado en encuesta telefónica. Un total de 2.007 personas de 18-64 años completaron un cuestionario sobre conocimiento de riesgos del cáncer de piel, la exposición al sol, el uso de aparatos de bronceado artificial y quemaduras solares durante el último año. Se elaboraron modelos de regresión logística, ajustando por sexo, edad, nivel educativo y situación laboral. Resultados: Un 92,3% identificaron la exposición al sol como un factor de riesgo para el cáncer de piel, disminuyendo al 73,6% para el bronceado artificial. Este conocimiento es mayor entre las personas con educación superior y en las mujeres (p<0,001. El 14,6% estuvieron expuestos al sol en verano durante las horas de máxima radiación ultravioleta (UV, y el 4,3% utilizaron lámparas UV en el último año, siendo más frecuente en las mujeres (p <0,001 y jóvenes (p <0,05. La prevalencia de quemaduras solares fue del 13,2%, siendo menor en las mujeres (odds ratio [OR] de 0,68; IC95%: 0,51-0,90, disminuyendo

  1. Mercaderes flamencos en Madrid : la Casa y Compañía Dupont (1650-1679

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Dolores Dolores Ramos Medina

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El objetivo de este artículo es analizar la compañía Dupont en Madrid en el siglo XVII. En primer lugar, presentamos una breve introducción sobre la familia y la casa comercial, así como sus relaciones con la burguesía mercantil y la sociedad madrileña entre 1650 y 1679. En segundo lugar, estudiamos la compañía mercantil que revela el afianzamiento de este modo de acción y articulación del capital extranjero en el comercio internacional madrileño, en el que la lonja abierta juega un papel fundamental. Por último, analizamos el desarrollo de las redes comerciales y financieras desplegadas por la familia entre Madrid y Amberes.The aim of this article is to analyse ttie Dupont Company througfiout the 17th century in Madrid. Firstly a introduction about tfie evolution of the merchant flemish family between 1650th and 1679th; Secondly, the Dupont family organizes some associative pacts within the commerce and finances in Madrid. Finally, their negotiations and commercial activities were developped into the setting of a complex network between Madrid and differents places in Flandes.

  2. Scientific overview and historical context of the 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquake sequence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. E. Hough

    2004-06-01

    Full Text Available The central and eastern United States has experienced only 5 historic earthquakes with Mw 7.0, four during the New Madrid sequence of 1811-1812: three principal mainshocks and the so-called «dawn aftershock» following the first mainshock. Much of the historic earthquake research done in the United States has focused on the New Madrid Seismic Zone (NMSZ, because the largest New Madrid earthquakes may represent the archetype for the most damaging earthquakes to be expected in intraplate regions. Published magnitude values ranging from 7.0 to 8.75 have generally been based on macroseismic effects, which provide the most direct constraint on source size for the events. Critical to the interpretation of these accounts is an understanding of their historic context. Early settlments clustered along waterways, where substantial amplification of seismic waves is expected. Analyzing the New Madrid intensity values with a consideration of these effects yields preferred values of Mw 7.2-7.3, 7.0, and 7.4-7.5 for the December, January, and February mainshocks, respectively, and of 7.0 for the «dawn aftershock». These values are consistent with other lines of evidence, including scaling relationships. Finally, I show that accounts from the New Madrid sequence reveal evidence for remotely triggered earthquakes well outside the NMSZ. Remotely triggered earthquakes represent a potentially important new wrinkle in historic earthquake research, as their ground motions can sometimes be confused with mainshock ground motions.

  3. Efectos a corto plazo de la contaminación atmosférica sobre la mortalidad: resultados del proyecto EMECAM en Madrid, 1992-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Galán Labaca Iñaki

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available FUNDAMENTO: A pesar de los cambios producidos en las fuentes de emisión, los niveles de partículas, SO2, y CO continúan siendo importantes en el municipio de Madrid. Por otro lado, contaminantes fotoquímicos, como el NO2 y O3, están adquiriendo una importancia creciente debido al incremento del tráfico rodado y los elevados niveles de insolación que tiene esta ciudad. El objetivo de este trabajo es establecer la relación a corto plazo entre los principales contaminantes y la mortalidad diaria en el municipio de Madrid, durante el periodo de 1992 a 1995, utilizando el protocolo estandarizado del proyecto EMECAM (Estudio Multicéntrico Español de Contaminación Atmosférica y Mortalidad. MÉTODOS: Las variaciones diarias de la mortalidad por todas las causas, menos las externas, en todas las edades y en las personas de 70 años y más, así como las del aparato circulatorio y respiratorio, se asocian con las variaciones diarias de partículas (PM10, SO2, NO2, CO y O3, mediante modelos de Poisson autorregresivos. Se controlan las variables estacionalidad, tendencia, temperatura, humedad relativa, gripe, día de la semana, y días festivos e inusuales. RESULTADOS: Se observan asociaciones positivas estadísticamente significativas del SO2 con todas las series de mortalidad analizadas, del CO con la mortalidad en las personas mayores de 69 años así como con la cardiovascular y respiratoria, y de las partículas con la mortalidad cardiovascular. El NO2 también se relaciona de forma estadísticamente significativa con la mortalidad cardiovascular. Estos efectos son inmediatos, es decir, ocurren con los contaminantes del mismo día. No se observaron asociaciones positivas significativas con el O3. CONCLUSIONES: Estos resultados sugieren que, para un espectro amplio de contaminantes principales, los niveles actuales de contaminación atmosférica en el municipio de Madrid se asocian con un incremento de la mortalidad.

  4. Análisis espacial de un brote de leishmaniasis en el sur del Área metropolitana de la Comunidad de Madrid. 2009-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emiliano Aránguez Ruiz

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La leishmaniasis es una enfermedad zoonótica endémica en España. El objetivo de este estudio es realizar un análisis espacial de los elementos claves del ciclo de la enfermedad, vectores, reservorios y casos humanos, en un brote comunitario declarado en cuatro municipios del sur del Área metropolitana de Madrid: Fuenlabrada, Getafe, Humanes de Madrid y Leganés.Se analizaron 485 casos de leishmaniasis, declarados en el Sistema de Vigilancia Epidemiológica de la Comunidad de Madrid, con fecha de inicio de síntomas entre el 1 de julio de 2009 y el 30 de junio de 2013.La mayor parte de los casos se localizaron en el norte de Fuenlabrada. Los resultados del análisis espacial pusieron de manifiesto que, durante el periodo de estudio, la zona con mayor concentración de casos coincidió espacialmente con áreas residenciales periféricas inmediatas a espacios verdes con alta densidad de flebotomos y prevalencia relativamente elevada de leishmaniasis en lagomorfos. Esto informa de que la exposición principal ocurre en su entorno domiciliario o peridomiciliario.El estudio parece indicar que las infraestructuras viarias podrían haber tenido un papel decisivo en la distribución espacial del brote comportándose de diferentes maneras: barreras territoriales que aíslan en cierta medida a varios núcleos urbanos de la exposición al patógeno, vías de penetración del vector en el interior de otros núcleos o generadores de un entorno de hábitats idóneos para reservorios y vectores.El análisis espacial ha permitido orientar las actuaciones de prevención y control del brote y continúa siendo de gran utilidad en la evolución del mismo. Los sistemas de información geográfica son herramientas que ayudan a la comprensión de la génesis y evolución de los brotes de enfermedades infecciosas, así como al diseño de las intervenciones ambientales.

  5. Género y visibilidad Web de la actividad de profesores universitarios españoles: el caso de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernández, Mario

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This work analyses how Spanish university scholars are adopting the use of the Internet, focusing on the Universidad Complutense de Madrid. The web visibility of the works published by the university’s scholars was examined, and a comparison made of the observed gender pattern with that apparent in bibliometric studies. The publications of 289 of the university’s associate professors that appeared in 2006 were examined, as was their possession —or not— of a personal Web page, and whether the academic repository of the university (Complutense E-Prints contained at least one of their works. The number of scholars with a personal page was very low; those of the Social Sciences and Humanities were better represented. Women scholars were more poorly represented than men in this respect. Also, the amount of work, deposited in the E-Prints repository was found to be very low. No differences were seen between men and women with respect to visibility.

    Se ha analizado la implantación del uso de Internet entre el profesorado universitario español tomando como ejemplo la Universidad Complutense de Madrid estudiando la visibilidad del trabajo publicado, y en lo tocante al género, si los patrones observados en los estudios bibliométricos se repiten en el entorno de la Web. Se han analizado las publicaciones realizadas por 289 profesores durante el año 2006, si poseen una página web personal, y la presencia en el repositorio E-Prints de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid de al menos uno de sus trabajos. Se ha encontrado que el número de profesores universitarios que poseen página personal es muy bajo, y que son aquellos que pertenecen a las ramas de Ciencias Sociales y Humanas los que más las tienen. Por otro lado son las mujeres las que menos uso hacen de este medio. También es muy reducido el depósito de trabajos en el repositorio E-Prints. En cuanto a la visibilidad no existen diferencias entre ambos sexos.

  6. Imported malaria in children in Madrid, Spain, 2007-2013.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sánchez, Beatriz Soto; Tato, L M Prieto; Martín, S Guillén; Pérez, E; Grasa, C; Valderrama, S; Augusto, I de; Sierra, M; Ros, M García; Aguado, I; Hortelano, M García López

    The majority of malaria cases diagnosed in Europe in the last few years have occurred in people living in non-endemic areas travelling back to their home country to visit friends and relatives (VFRs). Children account for 15-20% of imported malaria, with known higher risk of severe disease. A retrospective multicentre study was conducted in 24 hospitals in Madrid (Spain) including patients under 16 years diagnosed with malaria (2007-2013). A total of 149 episodes in 147 children were reported. Plasmodium falciparum was the species most commonly isolated. Twenty-five patients developed severe malaria and there was one death related to malaria. VFR accounted for 45.8% of our children. Only 17 VFRs had received prophylaxis, and 4 of them taken appropriately. They presented more frequently with fever (98% vs. 69%), a longer time with fever (55 vs. 26%), delay in diagnosis of more than three days (62 vs. 37%), and more thrombocytopenia (65 vs. 33%) than non-VFRs, and with significant differences (p<0.05). VFRs represent a large proportion of imported malaria cases in our study. They seldom took adequate prophylaxis, and delayed the visit to the physician, increasing the length of fever and subsequent delaying in diagnosis. Appropriate preventive measures, such as education and pre-travel advices should be taken in this population. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiología Clínica. All rights reserved.

  7. Las torres Puerta de Europa, Madrid-España

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    Domínguez del Castillo, Tomás

    1996-08-01

    Full Text Available The functionality is the main aspect of the urban area of the twin towers located at the end of the "Paseo de la Castellana" (Madrid. With a tilting of 15º over the vertical and crossing directions, such architectonic area is detached for its place and design of facilities and installations. The structural system is very complex due to the high technology applied for its construction, what made very difficult the ending of project. The "Puerta de Europa" towers will be used for office rental and they are (due to the structural system and quality of construction materials used one of the most important buildings due to not only to the quality of materials and design, but also due to their security and control centralized systems.

    La funcionalidad preside el conjunto urbanístico formado por las dos torres situadas al final del Paseo de la Castellana. Con una inclinación de 15º sobre su vertical y hacia un punto común, dicho conjunto arquitectónico destaca, sobre todo, por su ubicación, diseño de instalaciones y servicios. Se destaca la complejidad de su sistema estructural que, unida a la alta tecnología empleada en su construcción, dificultaron la consecución del proyecto. Las torres Puerta de Europa, destinadas al alquiler de oficinas, son unos edificios cuya terminación -con la diversidad de materiales constructivos empleados- constituye, en sí misma, una de las de más alta calidad del momento, con sistemas de control y seguridad centralizados e integrados.

  8. [Psychoactive drugs and costs in the Madrid III (Valdemoro) prison].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Algora-Donoso, I; Varela-González, O

    2008-01-01

    Annual pharmaceutical expenditures in prisons increases dramatically and the rising costs of psychoactive drugs have especially contributed to this. These drugs are often prescribed in order to find therapeutic uses in the field of personality disorders, addictions, and dysfunctional behaviours that are not included in the authorized indications (compassionate use). This study has enabled a detailed description of the use of psychoactive drugs at the Madrid III prison, a centre with one of the lowest levels of pharmaceutical expenditure in this autonomous community. During a two-week period, all prescriptions of psychoactive drugs were collected and registered along with data of several possible conditioning factors. 20.5% of the population was receiving some kind of psychoactive drug; 76% of those inmates undergoing treatment were receiving one or two substances; 65% were taking anxiolytics, 38% antidepressants and 27% antipsychotics. The total amount of psychoactive drugs consumed was 9,840 defined daily doses, 46% of which were anxiolytics, 17% antidepressants and 14% antipsychotics. The total cost of the fortnight's treatment was euros 5,379 with a saving of euro 611 due to requesting and selecting offers carried out by the pharmacist. 72% of the costs were spent on anti-psychotics and the newer psychoactive drugs, representing 66% of the prescriptions, accounted for 98% of expenditure. The prescriber was one of the key influential factors over the amount, type and cost of the treatments. There are signs that compassionate use of current antipsychotics and antiepileptics, and newer antidepressants are a main cause of the dramatic increase in the costs, with cost-efficiency not always clearly demonstrated. These results are not an isolated fact restricted only to prisons, as demonstrated by consumption data published by the National Health System in the same year.

  9. El Guernica en la calle durante la transición y los primeros años de la democracia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    García García, Isabel

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available During the Spanish dictatorship and afterwards, Picasso’s Guernica became a symbol not only of a desperate search for lost freedom, but also of a quest for identity of the Basque people. In Madrid, the Asociación de Artistas Plásticos (Visual Artists’ Association and the Basque artist Agustín Ibarrola played leading roles in this quest. This essay unites unpublished documentation concerning these artists and their street murals, and adds new socio-political meaning to Guernica during the late seventies.Durante la dictadura y después de ésta, el Guernica devino símbolo no sólo de una búsqueda desesperada por la libertad perdida sino también de una búsqueda de identidad por parte del pueblo vasco. La Asociación de Artistas Plásticos de Madrid y el artista vasco Agustín Ibarrola desempeñaron un importante papel en este sentido. Este artículo reúne documentación inédita acerca de los artistas y sus murales, y contribuirá a añadir un nuevo significado sociopolítico del Guernica en los últimos años de la década de los setenta.

  10. NATIONAL AND SUB-NATIONAL OFFSHORING IMPACT ON EMPLOYMENT: AN APPLICATION TO MADRID REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María Ángeles Tobarra Gómez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The effect of delocalization on a national economy has been widely studied, however subnational delocalization remains as an unvisited field for researchers. This paper studies the effects of fragmentation and the subsequent localization outside or abroad on the level of industrial and services employment in Madrid region. We work with Madrid data from regional input-output tables and estimate a labour demand function using panel data. Our results show a significant and small negative effect on regional employment of intra-industrial inputs from the national economy and abroad, while imported inputs from other sectors and origins are complementary to employment, resulting in a positive net effect on employment. The increasing specialization in main activities and the use of external providers by firms have a positive impact on the employment of Madrid region.

  11. EL PROTOCOLO DE MADRID Y EL RÉGIMEN DE LAS FRANQUICIAS EN COLOMBIA

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    Rodrigo Plazas

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available El estudio que se presenta a continuación hace parte del proyecto de investigación El Proto - colo de Madrid como elemento dinamizador de las franquicias en Colombia, siendo en esencia un avance parcial que tiene por objetivo establecer los elementos teóricos sustancia - les del Protocolo de Madrid, así mismo su aplicación sobre la normatividad referente a las marcas, registro marcario y las franquicias. Este artículo hace un análisis sobre los elementos que hacen posible la relevancia jurídica del Protocolo de Madrid. En las marcas se destacan los aspectos constitutivos y su desarrollo histórico. Finalmente, se hace un análisis sobre la franquicia como dinamizador de las relaciones comerciales en las actuales condiciones creadas por el desarrollo tecnológico.

  12. PRESENCIA DE MÁQUINAS EXPENDEDORAS DE ALIMENTOS Y BEBIDAS Y PERFIL NUTRICIONAL DE SUS PRODUCTOS EN LOS INSTITUTOS DE ENSEÑANZA SECUNDARIA DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID, 2014-2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Doris Xiomara Monroy-Parada

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Las políticas restrictivas del acceso a bebidas azucaradas y alimentos no saludables en el entorno escolar se asocian con patrones de consumo más saludables. En 2010 se aprobó en España el Documento de Consenso sobre la Alimentación en los Centros Educativos con criterios nutricionales para mejorar el perfil nutricional de los alimentos y bebidas ofertados. El objetivo de este estudio fue describir la frecuencia de máquinas expendedoras de bebidas y alimentos y perfil nutricional de sus productos en los Institutos de Enseñanza Secundaria (IES de Madrid. Métodos: Estudio transversal sobre una muestra aleatoria de 330 IES de la Comunidad de Madrid durante el curso 2014-2015. A través de internet y por entrevista telefónica se registraron las características de los centros y la existencia o no de máquinas expendedoras en ellos. Los productos ofertados en una muestra representativa de 6 máquinas expendedoras se obtuvieron mediante inspección in situ y su composición nutricional se tomó del etiquetado. Por último, el perfil nutricional de los productos se analizó con el modelo del Reino Unido, que clasifica los productos en saludables y menos saludables. Resultados: La prevalencia de máquinas expendedoras fue del 17,3%. El 80,5% de sus productos fueron menos saludables, altamente energéticos, ricos en grasa o azúcar y pobres en micronutrientes. El 10,5% resultaron ser productos saludables. Conclusión: Las máquinas expendedoras son frecuentes en los IES de Madrid y la mayoría de sus productos tienen un mal perfil nutricional.

  13. Arte público y espacio urbano. Área metropolitana de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    La investigación analiza el Arte Público desarrollado en el Área Metropolitana de Madrid, desde su creación en el año 1963 hasta el 2008. El 1er Capítulo explora el concepto de «arte público», desde sus precedentes (siglo XVIII) hasta la actualidad (2008), comparando el panorama nacional e internacional occidental con el panorama madrileño. El 2º Capítulo muestra la configuración territorial y el desarrollo urbano del Área Metropolitana de Madrid, examinando los proyectos artísticos más rel...

  14. Paso elevado sobre línea ferroviaria en Coslada (Madrid)

    OpenAIRE

    Nieto Sánchez, Isaac

    2014-01-01

    Este proyecto desarrolla la construcción de un paso elevado sobre la línea ferroviaria en el municipio de Coslada, situado en la zona Este de la comunidad de Madrid. Dicha población se encuentra dividida por la línea de ferrocarril que conecta Madrid con Guadalajara y por la que circulan los trenes de cercanías de la línea C-2 y C-7. Esta línea ferroviaria supone una barrera en la correcta movilidad urbana, impidiendo el acceso entre los diferentes barrios del municipio. Los principales objet...

  15. La civilización como modelo de vida en el Madrid del siglo XVIII

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    Álvarez Barrientos, Joaquín

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available In this chapter, the author approaches the social changes, both urban and rural, that Madrid sustained during the 18th century and which resulted in new manners and customs. It is a study of how civilization entered the Ancient Régime.

    Este trabajo es un acercamiento a los cambios sociales, urbanos y rurales, que se dieron en el Madrid del siglo XVIII desde el punto de vista de las nuevas costumbres: un estudio de cómo penetró la civilización en el Antiguo Régimen.

  16. The Madrid Royal Schools of St. Elisabeth and Loreto according Constitutions of 1715 and 1718

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    Beatriz COMELLA GUTIÉRREZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto were founded by Philip II at the end of 16th Century. Both institutions provided education for orphan girls. They still exist as Catholic coeducational schools granted by the Education Department. These two Schools were Royal Sponsorship belonging to Palace ecclesiastical jurisdiction. The Schools Constitutions sanctioned by Philip V have been preserved until now. Although these Schools have a parallel history, the mentioned Constitutions are completely different for each School. According to these Norms, the Madrid Royal Schools of Saint Elizabeth and Loreto have many differences between them.

  17. Los orígenes del Moderno Madrid: El Ensanche Este (1860-1878)

    OpenAIRE

    Carballo Barral, Borja

    2007-01-01

    El Ensanche Este -actuales distritos de Salamanca y Retiro- surge al Este de Madrid a mediados del XIX como una alternativa residencial a una ciudad con graves problemas de hacinamiento poblacional. Un conjunto de promociones inmobiliarias. La puesta en marcha del Ensanche de la capital en 1860 intentará ordenar ese crecimiento; en el nuevo distrito urbano creado se expresarán las contradicciones de la evolución social de una ciudad, el Madrid de la segunda mitad del XIX, en que se combina un...

  18. Arquitectura escolar en España : 1857-1936 : Madrid como paradigma

    OpenAIRE

    Francisco Javier RODRÍGUEZ MÉNDEZ

    2004-01-01

    Esta tesis doctoral presentada en la Universidad Politécnica de Madrid, E.T.S. Arquitectura , Departamento de Composición Arquitectónica en 2004, analiza la evolución de la arquitectura escolar en España, en los siglos XIX y XX, centrandose especialmente en Madrid. Los escritos de arquitectura escolar debidos a Giner y Cossio constituyen un corpus de gran originalidad que fue el germen de las Instrucciones técnico-higiénicas sucesivas. La propuesta de edificio para la Institución en el Paseo...

  19. Escenarios de guerra: paseando por Madrid a través de su memoria

    OpenAIRE

    Cabañas Bravo, Miguel; Murga Castro, Idoia; Gaitán Salinas, Carmen; Mateo Leivas, Lidia; Haro García, Noemí de; Moreno Martín, Francisco José

    2015-01-01

    La actividad "Escenarios de Guerra. Paseando por Madrid a través de su memoria" se organiza en el marco de la XV Semana de la Ciencia (2015) con el objetivo de difundir los resultados de las investigaciones llevadas a cabo por los proyectos de investigación de I+D+i "50 años de arte en el Siglo de Plata español (1931-1981)" (HAR2014-53871-P) y "Madrid 1936-1939: capital, frente, retaguardia y ciudad en guerra" (HAR2014-52065-P). En ella se proponen tres itinerarios por los lugares más ...

  20. Coste de la vida y salarios en Madrid, 1680-1800

    OpenAIRE

    Enrique Llopis Agelán; Hector Garcia Montero

    2009-01-01

    The presentation and analysis of a cost of living index and of different wage indices for the city of Madrid, covering the period 1680-1800 is the essential aim of this article. The accounts books of several charitable institutions have been the basic source of information for this research. The main conclusions of the work are as follows: 1) in the eighteenth century the evolution of prices in Madrid was quite similar to those in most western and central European cities; 2) yearly fluctuatio...

  1. Seroprevalence of toxocariasis in children and adults in Madrid and Tenerife, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fenoy, S; Cuellar, C; Guillen, J L

    1996-06-01

    A study on the seroprevalence of toxocariasis, using ELISA with Toxocara larval excretory-secretory antigens, was carried out on human populations in two regions of Spain. Sera from a population of 195 children from Madrid and 143 children from Santa Cruz de Tenerife (Canary Isles), showed a prevalence of 0% and 4.2% respectively. Sera from a population of 272 adults from Madrid and 803 adults from Santa Cruz de Tenerife showed a prevalence of 3.6% and 17.4%. Reasons for these differences in the seroprevalence of Toxocara in the different age groups from the two regions are discussed.

  2. Implicaciones del protocolo de Madrid en el derecho marcario de la comunidad andina de naciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwin Jesith Bernal Ramírez

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available El Protocolo de Madrid de 27 de junio de 1989 es una herramienta útil para el registro internacional de marcas, pues es evidente que los países miembros del Protocolo tienen ventajas comparativas respecto a los otros que no son parte, esto en relación con el mejoramiento de la protección internacional de sus marcas. El artículo académico muestra de manera somera el procedimiento, las ventajas y desventajas del Protocolo de Madrid y su respectivo impacto en la Comunidad Andina de Naciones.

  3. Americans city and countryside seen from the Council of the Indies in Madrid (1570-1650

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    Guillaume Gaudin

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available How Madrid administration, i.e. the Council of the Indies, considered urban and rural areas in America? From classical sources (the Ordenanzas of 1573 and Relaciones geográficas of 1577 and unpublished (the work and papers of the clerk of the Council of the Indies, Juan Díez de la Calle, we understand the importance of the city as a place of dominance over the countryside and implementation of royal power thanks to the presence of the representatives of the Crown nominated in Madrid. The city, with its officers and priests, obsesses while the field in the background is only seen as a resource

  4. Potenciación del turismo gastronómico en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Aparicio, Sira Martín-Peñasco

    2016-01-01

    La gastronomía como poder de atracción y motivación para que los turistas, tanto nacionales como internacionales, visiten la Comunidad de Madrid. Incentivando el conocimiento de los productos gastronómicos locales y al mismo tiempo sus recursos turísticos, una nueva forma de turismo complementaria al otro tipo de turismo. El objetivo principal de este trabajo es presentar unas medidas para potenciar e impulsar la gastronomía de la Comunidad de Madrid, redefiniendo este recurso turístico co...

  5. Carta de Gabriela Bernar a Alain Guy. Madrid, 27 de enero de 1983

    OpenAIRE

    Bernar, Gabriela

    1983-01-01

    1 p. -- Carta de Gabriela Bernar, secretaria de la Fundación José Ortega y Gasset (Madrid, España), a Alain Guy, agradeciendo confirmación para participar el lunes 14 de noviembre en una conferencia en el ciclo que tendrá lugar en el futuro "Centro Ortega y Gasset". Le indica que si la fecha no fuera compatible se lo haga saber. Se conserva el sobre. -- La dirección del destinatario es: Casa de Velázquez, Ciudad Universitaria, Madrid (España).

  6. Bulgarian Workers in Madrid: Legal Position and Performance on the Job Market

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    Eugenia Markova

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the performance of illegal and legal Bulgarian immigrants on the Madrid job market, their propensity to integrate into the receiving society and their intention to return to Bulgaria. The performance of migrants is defined by their success in finding employment (and specifically by their first job and present job in the host country, by their competition with autochthonous workers for employment and by patterns of saving/ remittance sending. The article is based on a survey carried out in 2003/2004 on 202 Bulgarian immigrants residing in the Community of Madrid.

  7. Centro Princesa, en Madrid (España

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    Lamela, A.

    1968-12-01

    Full Text Available This is a luxury commercial centre, in the very centre of Madrid, and within a high class residential zone. It occupies a whole block, facing four streets, and it includes a luxury hotel, apartments, shopping facilities, offices, car park, and the official headquarters of one of the most important Spanish travelling agencies. The outstanding feature of the «Centro Princesa» is the luxury hotel, which has 250 rooms, suits, social rooms, conventions halls, dance hall, bar, hairdressers saloon, sauna bath, shopping centre, restaurants and secondary services. The luxury flats occupy seven storeys of the central block, 15 apartments per story. Each of these has a sitting room, bedroom, bathroom and kitchen. The carpark, which can hold 300 cars, occupies four underground floor levels. This project is attractive because of its balanced spatial pattern, its clean outline and the quality of the materials, whilst the excellence of its internal appointment also contributes to its overall architectural merit.Este conjunto, situado en una zona residencial de primera categoría, está destinado a: hotel de lujo, apartamentos, locales comerciales, oficinas, aparcamientos de automóviles y a sede de la oficina-despacho central de una de las más importantes agencias de viaje españolas. Ocupa una manzana entera. La unidad predominante del «Centro Princesa» es un hotel de lujo, con 250 habitaciones, «suits», salones sociales, de actos y convenciones, sala de fiestas, bar americano, peluquerías, saunas, galería comercial, restaurantes y dependencias de servicio. Siete plantas del bloque central albergan los apartamentos de lujo, 15 por planta; el apartamento tipo consta de salón, cocina, dormitorio y baño. En cuatro de las plantas de sótano funciona un aparcamiento con capacidad para 300 automóviles. Atrae este conjunto, tanto por el acertado juego de volúmenes, y la limpieza de líneas y materiales —que muestra su composición estética—, como

  8. Los conflictos político-religiosos en Colombia durante el siglo XIX

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    Fernando Santamaría Lambás

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo está publicado en España como “Los conflictos político-religiosos en Colombia durante el siglo XIX”, publicado en J.J. Caerols (ed., Religio in labyrintho, Madrid, Escolar y Mayo Editores, 2013, pp. 211-225, ISBN 978-84-941056-8-5 incluyendo en él referencia y cita bibliográfica de la publicación originalSUMARIO: 1. Introducción – 2. Las guerras civiles – 2.1. Las guerras por la definición del sujeto político – 2.1.a La guerra de los Supremos (1839-1842 – 2.1.b Las guerras de 1851 y 1854 – 2.2. Las guerras por la definición del sujeto político y el carácter de la educación – 2..2.a La guerra de 1861 – 2.2.b La guerra de 1876 – 2.2.c La guerra de 1885 – 2.3. Las guerras contra la exclusión en las que entran en juego los límites de la centralización – 2.3.a La guerra de 1895 – 2.3.b La guerra de los Mil Días. Abstract: During the nineteenth century in Colombia conflict is settled through political parties, the liberal and conservative, and civil wars, in which the religious element is sometimes the trigger of the conflict and sometimes the convener. We will use the literature to approach these wars and to better understand what happened in reality.Keywords Colombia, civil wars, political parties, religion.

  9. ERCP during pregnancy CPRE durante el embarazo

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    Jesús García-Cano

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Background and aims: ERCP during pregnancy is always challenging for the entire team performing the endoscopic intervention. In this study techniques and different interventional aspects used at several centres about the clinical experience on ERCP in pregnant women are analyzed. Patients and methods: the practice on ERCP in pregnant women in six centers during a period of ten years is reported. Results: eleven patients were included in the study. Mean age was 30.6 years. Indication for ERCP was always symptomatic common bile duct stone (CBDS disease. Before the procedure abdominal ultrasound was performed at all times and magnetic resonance cholangiopancreatography in four occasions. Conscious sedation by means of midazolam and fentanyl or meperidine was applied. Sphincterotomes and guidewires were used for bilary cannulation. Sometimes, rapid exchange platforms with short-length guidewires controlled by the same endoscopist were employed. Biliary cannulation was confirmed in 9 occasions by bile aspiration. In five procedures, a mean of 30 seconds of fluoroscopy was used, both to verify cannulation and to corroborate complete CBDS clearance. These patients had the pelvic zone protected with a lead shield and radiation dose was measured. Ten biliary sphincterotomies were performed followed by CBDS extraction. Two plastic stents were inserted. Relief of biliary obstruction was attained in all circumstances. Only one patient had hyperamylasemia after ERCP. All pregnant women had healthy foetuses with normal deliveries. Conclusions: with experience, ERCP appears to be a safe technique during pregnancy. With simple measures fluoroscopic time can be diminished or even abolished. It seems that ERCP during pregnancy is underused in our working areas, although it has shown to be a useful technique for relieving biliary obstruction.Antecedentes y objetivos: la CPRE realizada durante el embarazo constituye siempre un reto para todo el equipo que participa

  10. LA INVESTIGACIÓN CUALITATIVA Y LA PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD EN LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRIDE MADRID

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    Ma. Ángeles Gil Nebot

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se relata la experiencia de investigación cualitativa desarrollada por la Dirección General de Salud Pública de la Comunidad de Madrid, desde el año 1991 hasta la actualidad. La práctica de la investigación se estructura en dos áreas de trabajo: el «Sistema de Información Sociocultural de Salud» y el «Plan de investigación». El primero analiza lo que para la población madrileña significa la salud, los factores que en ella intervienen, el valor que le asignan y la importancia relativa en el conjunto de sus intereses. El segundo investiga aspectos concretos de los procesos de salud/enfermedad, identificados por los técnicos en el desarrollo de los programas de Salud Pública. Las poblaciones tienen sus propias representaciones mentales y modelos culturales sobre la salud, no siempre coincidentes con el discurso sanitario, que guían sus acciones de modo determinante. La mera constatación empírica de los hechos sociales se ha mostrado insuficiente para entender y ayudar a transformar los comportamientos humanos siendo, en este sentido, las cuestiones ideológicas y afectivas las que cobran una importancia relevante. La investigación estructural, mediante el uso de técnicas cualitativas, nos permite acercarnos al conocimiento de estas cuestiones, orientando las actuaciones de Educación Sanitaria y Promoción de la Salud. La información generada tiene como finalidad ser devuelta a los diversos sectores de población implicados, instituciones y profesionales del campo sanitario, social y educativo, así como a organizaciones vinculadas a la Promoción de la Salud, con la intención de generar cambios en las instituciones y desarrollos en los discursos sociales.

  11. Genetic Diversity of Spanish Melons (Cucumis melo L.) of the Madrid Provenance

    Science.gov (United States)

    The genetic diversity of five Group Inodorus landraces having a historic presence in the town of Villaconejos, Spain (near Madrid) and four reference accessions (one accession Group Flexuosus) (Lopez-Sese et al, 2002), was assessed using the allelic variation at 19 SSR loci. Seventy-two polymorphic...

  12. Spanish melons (Cucumis melo L.) of the Madrid provenance: A unique germplasm reservoir

    Science.gov (United States)

    Melon (Cucumis melo L.) landraces of the Madrid provenance, Spain, have received national distinction for their high fruit quality and sensorial attributes. More specifically, a unique array of Group Inodorus landraces have been continuously cultivated and conserved by farmers in the municipality o...

  13. Alternative Assessment in Engineering Language Education: The case of the Technical University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Pierce Mcmahon, Joana; Durán Escribano, María del Pilar; Ubeda Mansilla, Paloma

    2011-01-01

    This article describes a research project involving students from nine different engineering degrees at the Technical university of Madrid. The purpose of the project was to analyze the use of peer and self assessment and the students? attitudes toward alternative assessment procedures.

  14. Promotion of Social Entrepreneurship Through Public Services in the Madrid Region: Succesful Aspects

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Teresa Fernández Fernández

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available This article analyzes the promotion of social entrepreneurship through the delivery of services in public business incubators in the Madrid region. The research is innovative since the implication of the public sector in boosting social entrepreneurship is quite new in Spain. Methodology starts with a literature revision of the factors conforming social entrepreneurship and focuses on networking. Then, social entrepreneurship presence and its promotion is analyzed both in the practices and services provided by the Madrid Development Agency in its “Madrid Emprende” incubation program and also through a survey addressed to the 113 firms hosted in its network of business incubators. Results of the survey show that social entrepreneurship is present as the main purpose of their activity in a majority of the firms, in their social products and services, in their social legal form supported by the public network and in some forms of public-private partnership promoted by the Madrid Business Incubators Network. Services provided by the public network show the quality, the added value and the know-how of the practices of the public program and have an impact in the efficient performance of the firms regarding social entrepreneurship and in the public-private alliances established for some social purposes.

  15. The Making of a Feminist: Spaces of Self-Formation among Latina Immigrant Activists in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dyrness, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the role and meaning of auto-formación (self-formation) in the making of feminist, activist identities among Latin American activist women in Madrid, Spain. I argue that auto-formación, a collective process of self-recovery and consciousness-raising that is shared by third world feminists around the world, allows migrant…

  16. Cultural Diversity in Compulsory Education: An Overview of the Context of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaurena, Ines Gil

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines educational practices in Spain and in particular Madrid. With this contextual frame as the starting point the following issues are discussed: the "official" conceptualization of cultural diversity, educational policies and resolutions related to cultural diversity, and school programs and resources facilitated by…

  17. Terrorism in Two Cultures: Stress and Growth Following September 11 and the Madrid Train Bombings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steger, Michael F.; Frazier, Patricia A.; Zacchanini, Jose Luis

    2008-01-01

    In this study, we compared the prevalence of post traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and posttraumatic growth following the September 11, 2001, attacks in the United States and the March 11, 2004, Madrid, Spain train bombings. We also examined meaning in life as a correlate of posttrauma outcomes. A sample of midwestern college students (N = 188)…

  18. Paleontología del yacimiento de vertebrados Aragoniense de Casa Montero (Madrid)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    López Guerrero, P.; Oliver Pérez, A.; Álvarez Sierra, Á.; Paredes, G.; Hoek Ostende, van den L.W.; Peláez-Campomanes de Labra, P.

    2007-01-01

    This work gives preliminary information on the taxonomic determinations for the micromammal fossil material from the locality of exceptional preservation of Casa Montero (Madrid). The proposed taxonomic assignations have allowed the correlation of this fossil material with localities belonging to th

  19. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  20. Cultural Diversity in Compulsory Education: An Overview of the Context of Madrid (Spain)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jaurena, Ines Gil

    2010-01-01

    This paper examines educational practices in Spain and in particular Madrid. With this contextual frame as the starting point the following issues are discussed: the "official" conceptualization of cultural diversity, educational policies and resolutions related to cultural diversity, and school programs and resources facilitated by…

  1. Analyzing Bilingual Teaching and Learning in Madrid, Spain: A Fulbright Scholar Collaborative Research Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gerena, Linda; Ramírez-Verdugo, M. Dolores

    2014-01-01

    This study was carried out as an international cooperative research project supported by a Fulbright Scholar award to investigate attitudes and perceptions towards bilingual education, and to extract key findings on effective pedagogy in bilingual schools in the Region of Madrid, where expansion of bilingual programs has been rapidly increasing.…

  2. La información en Madrid del terremoto de Lisboa de 1755

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Cal Martínez, Rosa

    2005-01-01

    .... The Gaceta in fact hardly mentions the disaster at all. Only the Mercurio took the subject seriously by introducing a new section called "News from Portugal" El terremoto de Lisboa del 1 de noviembre de 1755 se conoció en Madrid...

  3. Biblioteca Pública del distrito de Latina "Antonio Mingote". Madrid/España

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez Partearroyo, F.

    1997-12-01

    Full Text Available The public library "Antonio Mingote" of Latina’s district in Madrid is one element more that maintains The Regional Plan of Libraries of Comunidad de Madrid. It is about a building that adjusts to the canon of the scheme for district's public library, with outstanding technical and architectural contributions, as much for the distribution of the spaces as for the constructive solutions particularly in the treatment of its front's materials.

    La biblioteca pública "Antonio Mingote" del distrito de Latina en Madrid es un elemento más que da soporte al Plan Regional de Bibliotecas de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se trata de un edificio que se ajusta canónicamente al esquema de biblioteca pública de distrito, con aportaciones técnicas y arquitectónicas notables, tanto por la distribución de los espacios como por las soluciones constructivas, en especial en el tratamiento de sus cerramientos exteriores.

  4. General Population Knowledge about Extreme Heat: A Cross-Sectional Survey in Lisbon and Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gil Cuesta, Julita; van Loenhout, Joris Adriaan Frank; Colaço, Maria da Conceição; Guha-Sapir, Debarati

    2017-01-28

    Extreme heat is associated with an increased mortality and morbidity. National heat plans have been implemented to minimize the effect of extreme heat. The population's awareness and knowledge of national heat plans and extreme heat is essential to improve the community's behavior and adaptation. A general population survey was conducted in Lisbon and in Madrid to assess this knowledge. We used a questionnaire to interview passers-by. Results were compared between Lisbon and Madrid and between locals and foreigners, using Pearson Chi-square tests and Fisher's exact test. We conducted 260 interviews in six locations of different socio-economic backgrounds in each city. The most frequently mentioned extreme heat-related risk groups were the elderly (79.2%), children (49.6%) and babies (21.5%). The most frequently reported protective measures were increased fluid intake (73.1%) and avoiding exposure to the sun (50.8%). Knowledge about the heat plan was higher in Lisbon (37.2%) than in Madrid (25.2%) (p-value = 0.03). Foreigners had less knowledge of risk groups compared to locals. Heat plans were not widely known in Madrid and Lisbon. Nonetheless, knowledge of practical concepts to face extreme heat, such as certain risk groups and protective measures, was found. Our results were similar to comparable surveys where specific respondents' groups were identified as less knowledgeable. This highlighted the importance of addressing these groups when communicating public health messages on heat. Foreigners should be specifically targeted to increase their awareness.

  5. Promoting Entrepreneurial Culture in the University: The Institutional Collaborative Model at the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Pablo, Isidro; Alfaro, Fernando; Rodriguez, Miriam; Valdes, Esperanza

    2011-01-01

    This paper presents a case of collaboration between different types of public services and the private sector for the promotion of an entrepreneurial culture. This collaboration is achieved by means of a centre established and developed by the Universidad Autonoma de Madrid, the Centro de Iniciativas Emprendedoras (the Centre for Entrepreneurial…

  6. Pasarela metálica sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodríguez-Borlado Olavarrieta, Ramiro

    1967-03-01

    Full Text Available The footbridge over the C. N. Ill , Madrid-Valencia road, near Madrid, enables pedestrians to cross the motor road where the latter runs between Moratalaz and Vallecas, without impeding the road traffic. The adoption of an elevated pass is convenient, since at this section the road runs along a deep trench. The structure of the footpath is a continuous metallic box girder, resting on five rectangular metal supports, and two end concrete abutments. The total length of the bridge is 100 m, and the width of the platform is 2.40 m. The project took one month to complete.La pasarela sobre la C. N. III, Madrid-Valencia, en la autopista de acceso a Madrid, permite el paso de peatones entre los barrios de Moratalaz y Vallecas sin interferir el tráfico rodado. La solución de paso superior resulta conveniente, ya que la autopista discurre en trinchera en el lugar de ubicación de esta obra. La estructura está formada por una viga metálica continua de sección en cajón, apoyada sobre cinco soportes rectangulares metálicos y dos estribos de hormigón armado. La obra tiene una longitud total de aproximadamente 100 m y el ancho de la plataforma es de 2,40 metros. El plazo de realización de la obra ha sido de un mes aproximadamente.

  7. The Commodification of English in "Madrid, Comunidad Bilingüe": Insights from the CLIL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relaño Pastor, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes how multilingual education in the Madrid region has been addressed through the medium of Spanish/English content and language integrated learning (CLIL) bilingual programs, widely implemented in public schools of this region in the last decade. By adopting a critical interpretive perspective (Tollefson in "Language…

  8. Habitos Alimentarios e Higiene Dental en una Poblacion Preescolar de Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lafarga, R. Tarazona; And Others

    1991-01-01

    Nutriment habits and oral hygiene in a preschool population in Madrid were studied by stratification in public or private schools. Significant differences were found only with regard to consumption of fish. Vegetable and fruit consumption was low in both groups, but not statistically significant. (SH)

  9. «El corazón de Madrid».

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Esteban Tabares

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available EL SERVICIO DE MEDIACIÓN SOCIAL INTERCULTURAL (SEMSI: Una experiencia de mediación comunitaria en el ámbito de las migraciones y la convivencia intercultural. 1997-2002. Ayuntamiento de Madrid. Área de Servicios Sociales.

  10. Inclusive Education in Spain: Developing Characteristics in Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bermejo, Victor Santiuste; Castro, Florencio Vicente; Martinez, Francisco Miras; Gongora, David Padilla

    2009-01-01

    The aim of this work is to analyse and communicate the "state of the art" in inclusive education for the Spanish communities of Madrid, Extremadura and Andalusia, as it is now more than 20 years since inclusive education was first adopted in Spain. The analysis is displayed in a twofold perspective: the basic standards inclusive…

  11. The Commodification of English in "Madrid, Comunidad Bilingüe": Insights from the CLIL Classroom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Relaño Pastor, Ana María

    2015-01-01

    This article analyzes how multilingual education in the Madrid region has been addressed through the medium of Spanish/English content and language integrated learning (CLIL) bilingual programs, widely implemented in public schools of this region in the last decade. By adopting a critical interpretive perspective (Tollefson in "Language…

  12. The International Year of Astronomy at the Universidad Complutense de Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zamorano, J.; Montes, D.; Hernán-Obispo, M.; Sánchez de Miguel, A.

    2011-11-01

    In this contribution we present a summary of the main activities organized at theUniversidad Complutense de Madrid (UCM) during the the International year of Astronomy IYA 2009, with the collaboration of the Department of Astrophysics and the association of astronomy amateurs ASAAF-UCM.

  13. ¿Quién pagó los tributos en la castilla del siglo XVII? El impacto de los tributos sobre el vino en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ignacio ANDRÉS UCENDO

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Normal 0 21 false false false ES X-NONE X-NONE /* Style Definitions */ table.MsoNormalTable {mso-style-name:"Tabla normal"; mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0; mso-tstyle-colband-size:0; mso-style-noshow:yes; mso-style-priority:99; mso-style-parent:""; mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt; mso-para-margin-top:0cm; mso-para-margin-right:0cm; mso-para-margin-bottom:10.0pt; mso-para-margin-left:0cm; line-height:115%; mso-pagination:widow-orphan; font-size:11.0pt; font-family:"Calibri","sans-serif"; mso-ascii-font-family:Calibri; mso-ascii-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-hansi-font-family:Calibri; mso-hansi-theme-font:minor-latin; mso-bidi-font-family:"Times New Roman"; mso-bidi-theme-font:minor-bidi; mso-fareast-language:EN-US;} Los tributos indirectos fueron la base del sistema fiscal castellano durante la Edad Moderna y a menudo se afirma que el peso de este tipo de tributación recayó sobre los consumidores. El propósito de este artículo es analizar quién pagó en realidad los tributos cobrados sobre el vino en Madrid en el siglo XVII. La primera parte muestra que la creciente carga fiscal que recayó sobre el vino causó el desarrollo de un fraude masivo que perjudicó a los miembros del Gremio de Taberneros de la villa y a la hacienda real y municipal, en beneficio de todos aquellos que podían vender esta bebida de forma ilegal. La segunda parte indica que a pesar de la continua introducción de tributos sobre el vino en Madrid a lo largo del siglo, los niveles de consumo individual de esta bebida sólo se redujeron moderadamente. Pudiera alegarse que gracias al fraude los consumidores madrileños compraron vino a precios baratos, pero la evidencia ofrecida sugiere que no debió de ser así. De hecho, el vino vendido de forma ilegal apenas era un 5-10% más barato que el vendido legalmente por los taberneros. Según se muestra en la tercera parte, los precios del vino vendido en Madrid a lo largo del siglo XVII tanto en los mercados legales como

  14. Public health consequences of terrorism on maternal-child health in New York City and Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sherrieb, Kathleen; Norris, Fran H

    2013-06-01

    Past research provides evidence for trajectories of health and wellness among individuals following disasters that follow specific pathways of resilience, resistance, recovery, or continued dysfunction. These individual responses are influenced by event type and pre-event capacities. This study was designed to utilize the trajectories of health model to determine if it translates to population health. We identified terrorist attacks that could potentially impact population health rather than only selected individuals within the areas of the attacks. We chose to examine a time series of population birth outcomes before and after the terrorist events of the New York City (NYC) World Trade Center (WTC) attacks of 2001 and the Madrid, Spain train bombings of 2004 to determine if the events affected maternal-child health of those cities and, if so, for how long. For percentages of low birth weight (LBW) and preterm births, we found no significant effects from the WTC attacks in NYC and transient but significant effects on rates of LBW and preterm births following the bombings in Madrid. We did find a significant positive and sustained effect on infant mortality rate in NYC following the WTC attacks but no similar effect in Madrid. There were no effects on any of the indicator variables in the comparison regions of New York state and the remainder of Spain. Thus, population maternal-health in New York and Madrid showed unique adverse effects after the terrorist attacks in those cities. Short-term effects on LBW and preterm birth rates in Madrid and long-term effects on infant mortality rates in NYC were found when quarterly data were analyzed from 1990 through 2008/2009. These findings raise questions about chronic changes in the population's quality of life following catastrophic terrorist attacks. Public health should be monitored and interventions designed to address chronic stress, environmental, and socioeconomic threats beyond the acute aftermath of events.

  15. Guerra y violencia durante la revolucion de independencia de Mexico

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Antonio Landavazo, Marco

    2008-01-01

    .... El proposito de este trabajo es entonces realizar una primera aproximacion al tema de la violencia colectiva durante la guerra de independencia de Mexico, a partir de una propuesta de caracterizacion...

  16. Diez consejos para prevenir infecciones durante el embarazo

    Centers for Disease Control (CDC) Podcasts

    2007-12-14

    Este podcast ofrece 10 consejos para prevenir infecciones durante el embarazo.  Created: 12/14/2007 by National Center for Birth Defects and Developmental Disabilities (NCBDDD).   Date Released: 2/27/2008.

  17. Evaluación de la Atención a las Personas con Enfermedad Mental Grave y Persistente: la Experiencia de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manuel Muñoz López

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta una experiencia de evaluación de programas de atención a las personas con enfermedad mental grave y persistente llevada a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid: la evaluación del Plan de atención social para personas con enfermedad mental grave y crónica 2003-2007, de la Consejería de Familia y Asuntos Sociales. En este caso se aborda la evaluación de una forma global, abarcando los distintos aspectos del Plan, aunque prestando una atención especial a la red de recursos que se incluyen en el mismo. Se describe el proceso de evaluación global explicando los objetivos, metodología y procedimientos seguidos, así como las fases del proceso, las tareas y actividades desarrolladas, los instrumentos aplicados y los procedimientos de evaluación establecidos. Se presentan también algunos de los resultados obtenidos mediante dicha evaluación durante el año 2006.

  18. [Modelling science. The ceroplastics of Ignacio Lacaba in the Colegio de Cirugía de San Carlos, Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morente, Maribel

    2016-01-01

    Models made of wax had enormous diffusion in the anatomical teaching of the 18th century. It transcended the borders of a science that impregnated with scientific knowledge the artistic expression of beauty. Based on this premise, the San Carlos Royal College of Surgery created in Madrid a large collection of anatomical models, which is currently maintained by the Javier Puerta Anatomy Museum in the School of Medicine at Madrid Complutense University. The collection began in 1786 with Ignacio Lacaba, the first dissector of the Surgery College of Madrid, whose artistic sensibility and deep knowledge of anatomy contributed and facilitated harmonization between the work of the wax sculptors and language and anatomical expression.

  19. Landsdækkende optællinger af vandfugle, vinteren 1999/2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, S.; Petersen, I. K.; Hounisen, J. P.

    Wetlands International's database for monitering af vandfugle i Vestpalearktis. Wetlands International's database danner grundlag for udarbejdelsen af oversigter over de enkelte vandfuglearters antal, udbredelse og status samt identifikation af internationalt betydningsfulde vandfugleområder....

  20. Landsdækkende optællinger af vandfugle, vinteren 1999/2000

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pihl, S.; Petersen, I. K.; Hounisen, J. P.;

    fjorde. Der blev anvendt to metoder: total-tællinger som dækkede alle dele af de valgte områder, og transekt-tællinger som dækkede udsnit af de valgte områder. Fly-tæl-lin-gerne blev kombineret med optællinger af fugle fra land i godt 400 sø-er og andre indlandsområder samt lukkede fjorde. Sammen med......Midvintertællingen af vandfugle i 2000 blev gennemført som en landsdækkende optælling i perioden 20. december 1999 til 10. marts 2000. I de indre og kystnære farvande blev en fuldstændig dækning tilstræbt. På det åbne hav blev udvalgte områder dækket. Formålet med optællingerne var dels at opgøre...... de danske vandfuglebestande ved midvinter i lighed med tidligere tællinger i 1969-1973 og 1987-1992, og dels at opgøre antallet af de enkelte vandfuglearter i de danske EF-Fuglebeskyttelsesområder. Optællingerne af vandfugle blev foretaget fra flyvemaskine i havområder, langs åbne kyster og større...

  1. Nonindigenous Marine Species in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii in 1999-2000 (NODC Accession 0001053)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The presence and impact of nonindigenous (introduced) marine organisms in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands are evaluated using a combination of historical records...

  2. Nonindigenous marine species in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaii in 1999 - 2000 (NODC Accession 0001053)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — The presence and impact of nonindigenous (introduced) marine organisms in Kaneohe Bay, Oahu, Hawaiian Islands are evaluated using a combination of historical records...

  3. Nuclear data for accelerator-driven transmutation. Annual report 1999/2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atac, A.; Blomgren, J.; Johansson, C.; Klug, J.; Olsson, N.; Renberg, P.U. [Uppsala Univ., (Sweden). Dept. of Neutron Research and The Svedberg Laboratory

    2000-09-01

    The present project, supported as a research task agreement by SKI, SKB, Barsebaeck Kraft AB and Vattenfall AB, started 1998-07-01. From 1999-01-01 the project also receives support from the Defence Research Establishment. The primary objective from the supporting organizations is to promote research and research education of relevance for development of the national competence within nuclear energy. The aim of the project is in short to: promote development of the competence within nuclear physics and nuclear technology by supporting licentiate and PhD students, push forward the international research front regarding fundamental nuclear data within the presently highlighted research area 'accelerator-driven transmutation', strengthen the Swedish influence within the mentioned research area by expanding the international contact network, constitute a basis for Swedish participation in the nuclear data activities at IAEA and OECD/NEA. The project is run by the Department of Neutron Research at Uppsala University, and is utilizing the unique neutron beam facility at the national The Svedberg Laboratory. In this document, we give a status report after the second year (1999-07-01--2000-06-30) of the project.

  4. Dinoflagellate cysts and bloom events at Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México, 1999 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peña-Manjarrez, José Luis; Helenes, Javier; Gaxiola-Castro, Gilberto; Orellana-Cepeda, Elizabeth

    2005-07-01

    Forty-two species of dinoflagellate motile cells and 18 species of organic-walled dinoflagellate resting cysts were identified in samples collected at Todos Santos Bay, Baja California, México, from September 1999 to June 2000. These temperate to cool-temperate species belong mainly to the families Gonyaulacaceae and Protoperidiniaceae. Lingulodinium polyedrum (Stein, 1883) Dodge 1989 was the dominant species both in the sediments and water column. During this period we observed planktonic motile cells, temporary cysts with cellulose walls, and resting cysts with resistant dinosporin walls. Two dinoflagellate blooms occurred in the spring to summer of 2000 allowing us to observe the timing of cyst production. The temporary cysts appeared between these blooms and also in the summer, whereas the resting cysts appeared during the preceding fall and winter. Resting cysts appeared in colder conditions, whereas the temporary cysts were produced within a particular thermal window and under nutrient depletion. Resting cysts were concentrated in discrete areas at depths of less than 25 m, and associated with sediments ranging from silt to fine sand. These cysts were abundant in the surface sediments during summer, fall and winter, whereas the motile cells dominated during the spring and summer, when the two L. polyedrum blooms were observed. The abundance of cells in the plankton, comprising motile cells and temporary cysts, appears to be inversely proportional to the concentration of resting cysts of the same species in the surface sediments.

  5. Growing Pains: An Evaluation of Charter Schools in the District of Columbia, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Henig, Jeffrey R.; Holyoke, Thomas T.; Lacireno-Paquet, Natalie; Moser, Michele

    This report updates information on existing charter schools, the chartering authorities, and charter school support in the District of Columbia (DC), revisiting concerns raised in a previous report, discussing progress made toward resolution of problems, and addressing newly emerging issues. After an introduction and background, six sections…

  6. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report; Yakama Nation Wildlife Management Areas, Technical Report 1999-2000.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Raedeke, Kenneth; Raedeke, Dorothy

    2000-06-01

    Construction of the Dalles, Bonneville, McNary, and John Day Dams on the Columbia River by the federal government resulted in a substantial loss of riparian bottomland along the Columbia River. Impacts associated with the Mid-Columbia Projects were assessed for several wildlife species using the Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) developed by the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (USDI-FWS 1980). The studies documented the loss of riparian habitat and established a baseline against which mitigation measures could be developed (USDI-FWS 1990 and USDE-BPA 1990). The impact assessments established a mitigation goal, a portion of which would be satisfied by the creation, restoration, and enhancement of riparian lands on tributaries to the Columbia River, including the Yakima Valley. The Yakama Nation (YN), the Northwest Power Planning Council, and the Bonneville Power Administration have agreed that the Yakama Nation would be funded to implement habitat restoration on lands within and adjacent to their reservation. Some of the targeted lands are owned by the Yakama Nation, some are trust lands, and some lands have been in private ownership. Since the early 1990s, the Yakama Nation has been in the process of assembling riparian lands into Wildlife Management Areas, and restoring natural hydrology and natural cover-types on these lands. The Northwest Power Planning Council, through the Bonneville Power Administration, has supported the program. HEP studies were performed by the Yakama Nation in 1990 (Bich et al. 1991) to establish baseline conditions and inventory wildlife habitat at the initiation of the restoration project. The 1990 HEP used a simplified version of the HEP to quantify baseline conditions. The present assessment is designed to evaluate the progress of the mitigation plan in meeting its stated goals. The 1999 HEP assessment has two distinct tasks: (1) Evaluation of the mitigation plan as currently implemented using the simplified YN HEP methodologies for the Wildlife Management Areas; and (2) Evaluation of the simplified YN HEP methodologies as a means of measuring mitigation progress.

  7. Imagine...Opportunities and Resources for Academically Talented Youth, 1999-2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hartman, Melissa E., Ed.

    2000-01-01

    Designed to encourage gifted students to develop their talents, the first issue in the volume focuses on academic competitions and includes articles on: "The Joys of Competition"; "Why Bother with Math Contests?" (Sam Vandervelde); "Science Competitions"; Humanities Competitions"; "Designing in Metal" (Cody Chance); and "Discovering My Chinese…

  8. SURVEILLANCE FOR WATERBORNE-DISEASE OUTBREAKS - UNITED STATES, 1999-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    PROBLEM/CONDITION: Since 1971, CDC, the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), and the Council of State and Territorial Epidemiologists (CSTE) have maintained a collaborative surveillance system for the occurrences and causes of waterborne-disease outbreaks (WBDOs).This surv...

  9. The Western Zhou Building Foundations at Yuntang and Qizhenin Fufeng County, Shaanxi, in 1999-2000

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐良高; 刘绪; 孙秉君; 丁晓雷

    2003-01-01

    Since the autumn of 1999, the Zhouyuan Archaeological Team organized by the Institute of Archaeology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences, Shaanxi Provincial Institute of Archaeology, and the School of Archaeology and Museology of Peking University carried out large-scale archaeological investigations and excavations in the Zhouyuan 周原 Site.

  10. Consulta de Ginecología Infanto-Juvenil, 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elena Ávila Gálvez

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, retrospectivo, a 105 pacientes femeninas de 0 a 19 años de edad que asistieron a la consulta de Ginecología Infanto-Juvenil del Policlínico Docente "Wilfredo Pérez Pérez", de San Miguel del Padrón, de enero de 1999 a diciembre del 2000, con el objetivo de analizar su comportamiento y algunos aspectos relacionados con las niñas y adolescentes, mediante la utilización de algunas variables, y fueron sus principales resultados, el predominio de la adolescencia intermedia y adolescentes solteras con ayuda familiar. El principal diagnóstico definitivo fue la leucorrea-vulvovaginitis para el grupo de 0-10 años, y los trastornos menstruales en el de 11 a 19 años. Como aspectos relevantes aparecen la práctica de relaciones sexuales, la promiscuidad sexual y el no uso de anticonceptivos. Imperó la positividad de los exudados vaginales con cultivo, sobre todo en las niñas, y el estafilococo coagulasa positivo y la monilia fueron los gérmenes más frecuentes.A retrospective and descriptive study of 105 female patients aged 0-19 years, who went from January 1999 to December 2000 to the infantile and juvenile gynecology service of "Wilfredo Pérez Pérez in San Miguel del Padrón municipality, was carried out. The objective was to analyze their behavior and some aspects related to girls and adolescents by using certain variables; the principal results were the prevalence of intermediate adolescence and family-supported single adolescents. The main final diagnosis were leukorrhea-vulvovaginitis for 0-10 years-old group and menstruation disorders in the 11-19 age group. As relevant aspects we found sexual intercourse, promiscuity and the non-use of contraception. Vaginal smears with culture procedures were mostly positive in girls and positive Staphylococcus Coagulase and Candida albicans were the most frequent germs.

  11. Characterize and Quantify Residual Steelhead in the Clearwater River, Idaho, 1999-2000 Progress Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brostrom, Jody K. (US Fish and Wildlife Service, Idaho Fishery Resource Office, Ahsahka, ID)

    2006-08-01

    During 1999-2002 we determined whether size at release and release site influenced emigration success and survival of hatchery steelhead smolts raised at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery and released into the Clearwater River drainage. We marked 4,500 smolts each year with Passive Integrated Transponder Tags (PIT-tags) which enabled us to track emigration and estimate survival through mainstem Snake and Columbia river dams. Hatchery steelhead raised in System I freshwater were significantly smaller than those raised in warmer System II re-use water (196 mm, 206 mm, 198 mm and 201 mm System I; 215 mm, 213 mm, 206 mm and 209 mm System II). However, there was no significant difference in detection rates to mainstem observation sites between the two groups (65%, 58%, 78% and 55% System I; 69%, 59%, 74% and 53% System II). Survival estimates to Lower Granite Dam were also not significant between the two groups (72%, 81%, 80% and 77% System I; 77%, 79%, 77%, and 72% System II). Smolts less than 180 mm FL were less likely to be detected than larger smolts. Hatchery steelhead smolts released into Clear Creek, the South Fork Clearwater River and the Clearwater River at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery had significantly different lengths each year, but there was no discernible pattern due to random egg takes and rearing systems. Detection rates to mainstem observation sites for smolts released into Clear Creek were significantly less than the other two groups in all years except 2002 (62%, 57%, 71%, and 57% Clear Creek; 68%, 63%, 73% and 61% South Fork Clearwater River; 70%, 59%, 78% and 55% Clearwater River). However, survival rates to Lower Granite Dam were not significantly different (73%, 65%, 78%, and 77% Clear Creek; 79%, 72%, 79% and 76% South Fork Clearwater River; 81%, 76%, 80% and 83% Clearwater River). Similar to the size at release group, smolts less than 180 mm FL were less likely to get detected than larger smolts. Smolts from both size at release and release site groups that were mature at tagging rarely migrated downstream. If smolts migrated they did it in the same year they were released, as less than 0.02% were observed migrating the second year. We sampled the Clearwater River, North Fork Clearwater River, Bedrock Creek, Big Canyon Creek, Cottonwood Creek, Jacks Creek and the Dworshak National Fish Hatchery adult ladder to collect residual hatchery steelhead. We PIT-tagged and released 3,651 hatchery steelhead and collected 645 hatchery steelhead for coded wire tags. Most residual hatchery steelhead were caught within 4 rkm of Dworshak National Fish Hatchery. Hatchery steelhead sampled in the North Fork Clearwater River and the Dworshak Hatchery adult ladder were significantly larger than those sampled in the Clearwater River and lower tributaries in all years except 2001 (205 mm, 205 mm, 223 mm and 238 mm North Fork Clearwater River; 190 mm, 182 mm, 226 mm and 189 mm Clearwater River). Of the hatchery steelhead we PIT-tagged, only 12% were observed at downstream observation sites. Most migrants were tagged in the Clearwater River (91%) and were smaller than hatchery steelhead that were tagged but were not detected. Most migrants were detected in the same year they were tagged, but 14% held over and migrated in the second year after tagging. We documented migration outside of the normal window, as one detection occurred on October 31 at Lower Granite Dam. We recaptured 130 individual hatchery steelhead that we had tagged during sampling. Over 77% of the recaptures were within one km of where they were tagged, and 67% of the recaptures were tagged in the North Fork Clearwater River and the Dworshak Hatchery adult ladder. We calculated a mean growth rate of 0.27 mm/day for fish we recaptured. For those hatchery steelhead we PIT-tagged, the proportion of males was 13%, the rest we could not ascertain gender. All the males were precocious. Over 97% of the coded-wire tag recoveries came from hatchery steelhead released at Dworshak National Fish Hatchery. The Contribution group (random egg take and rearing system) comprised 44% of the recoveries, followed by 32% System I and 24% System II. The mean length of the Contribution group was significantly smaller than the other two groups in all years except 2001 (173 mm, 191 mm, 209 mm and 197 mm Contribution; 210 mm, 206 mm, 205 mm and 228 mm System I; 226 mm, 216 mm, 213 mm and 225 mm System II). Males made up 81% of the recoveries, and their maturity ranged from 0% to 100%. The Contribution group had significantly more males than the other two groups in 1999 and 2001.

  12. Kootenai River Fisheries Investigations; Stock Status of Burbot, 1999-2000 Annual Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paragamian, Vaughn L.; Kozfkay, Joseph R.; Whitman, Vint

    2001-10-01

    In Idaho, the burbot Lota lota are native only to the Kootenai River and are genetically distinct from burbot in the Montana reach of the river. Burbot once provided a substantial fishery with tens of thousands of burbot harvested annually. Burbot now number fewer than 1000 in the Kootenai River and Kootenay Lake and may be nearing demographic extinction. Studies completed in the winter of 1997-1998 indicated flow management at Libby Dam likely affected burbot spawning migration during winter. The objective of our study was to monitor the movement of burbot during a period of normal winter operation and a low flow period to test the null hypothesis (H{sub o}) that winter operation of Libby Dam does not affect burbot migration distance or travel rate. In addition, we monitored the stock status of burbot. We captured 36 burbot in Idaho and British Columbia with baited hoop nets. Twenty-three burbot were caught in Idaho, including 12 at Ambush Rock. The remaining 13 burbot were caught in British Columbia, including eight in the Kootenai River and five in the Goat River. One burbot escaped and was not measured, and one recaptured burbot was not measured. Burbot ranged from 332 mm to 705 mm total length (TL) (mean = 541 mm, SE = 14.02) and weighed from 350 g to 2,850 g (mean = 1,059 g, SE = 90.51). Relative weight (W{sub r}) ranged from 40.5 to 127.6 and averaged 88.6 (SE = 2.44). Population estimates for 1996, 1997, and 1998 were made for the Kootenai River from Bonners Ferry to Kootenay Lake; they were 738, 540, and 43 fish respectively. These estimates were not considered valid because we had so few recaptures, and confidence intervals could not be provided. Four burbot were implanted with sonic transmitters and their movement was monitored. We requested a low flow test (170 m{sup 3}/s) period of five weeks from the US Army Corps of Engineers (USACE) to study burbot migration distance or travel rate. The USACE could not provide an adequate low flow test period. Mitochondrial DNA (MtDNA) analysis indicated Duncan Lake, British Columbia burbot are genetically similar to Kootenai River fish and are a potential donor stock. The capture of eight post-spawn burbot and the subsequent examination of milt and gonadal tissue indicated they were in at least four different stages of reproductive readiness. These findings further support the hypothesis that high fluctuating flows from Libby Dam, which have continuously disrupted burbot migrations, may also be responsible for the failure of some burbot to spawn.

  13. Habitat Evaluation Procedures (HEP) Report : Hellsgate Project, 1999-2000 Technical Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Berger, Matthew

    2000-05-01

    A Habitat Evaluation Procedure (HEP) study was conducted on lands acquired and/or managed (4,568 acres total) by the Hellsgate Big Game Winter Range Wildlife Mitigation Project (Hellsgate project) to mitigate some of the losses associated with the original construction and operation of Grand Coulee Dam and inundation of habitats behind the dams. Three separate properties, totaling 2,224 acres were purchased in 1998. One property composed of two separate parcels, mostly grassland lies southeast of the town of Nespelem in Okanogan County (770 acres) and was formerly called the Hinman property. The former Hinman property lies within an area the Tribes have set aside for the protection and preservation of the sharp-tailed grouse (Agency Butte unit). This special management area minus the Hinman acquisition contains 2,388 acres in a long-term lease with the Tribes. The second property lies just south of the Silver Creek turnoff (Ferry County) and is bisected by the Hellsgate Road (part of the Friedlander unit). This parcel contains 60 acres of riparian and conifer forest cover. The third property (now named the Sand Hills unit) acquired for mitigation (1,394 acres) lies within the Hellsgate Reserve in Ferry County. This new acquisition links two existing mitigation parcels (the old Sand Hills parcels and the Lundstrum Flat parcel, all former Kuehne purchases) together forming one large unit. HEP team members included individuals from the Colville Confederated Tribes Fish and Wildlife Department (CTCR), Washington Department of Fish and Wildlife (WDFW), and Bureau of Land Management (BLM). The HEP team conducted a baseline habitat survey using the following HEP species models: mule deer (Odocoileus hemionus), mink (Mustela vison), downy woodpecker (Picoides pubescens), bobcat (Lynx rufus), yellow warbler (Dendroica petechia), and sharp-tailed grouse (Tympanuchus phasianellus columbianus). HEP analysis and results are discussed within the body of the text. The cover types evaluated for this study were grasslands, shrub-steppe, rock, conifer forest and woodland, and riparian. These same cover types were evaluated for other Hellsgate Project acquisitions within the same geographic area. Mule deer habitat on the Sand Hills unit rated good overall for winter food and cover in the shrub-steppe and conifer woodland cover types. Sharp-tailed grouse habitat on the former Hinman property and special management area rated good for nesting and brood rearing in the grassland cover type. Mink habitat on the Friedlander parcel rated poor due to lack of food and cover in and along the riparian cover type. The Downy woodpecker rated poor for food and cover on the Friedlander parcel in the conifer forest cover type. This species also rated poor on the conifer woodland habitat on the Hinman parcel. Yellow warbler habitat on the Agency Butte Special Management area rated very poor due to lack of shrubs for cover and reproduction around the scattered semi/permanent ponds that occur on the area. Bobcat habitat on this same area rated poor due to lack of cover and food. Fragmentation of existing quality habitat is also a problem for both these species. This report is an analysis of baseline habitat conditions on mitigation and managed lands, and provides estimated habitat units for mitigation crediting purposes. In addition, this information will be used to manage these lands for the benefit of wildlife.

  14. Microphysical Modelling of the 1999-2000 Arctic Winter. 2; Chlorine Activation and Ozone Depletion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drdla, K.; Schoeberl, M. R.; Gore, Warren J. (Technical Monitor)

    2001-01-01

    The effect of a range of assumptions about polar stratospheric clouds (PSCs) on ozone depletion has been assessed using at couple microphysical/photochemical model. The composition of the PSCs was varied (ternary solutions, nitric acid trihydrate, nitric acid dehydrate, or ice), as were parameters that affected the levels of denitrification and dehydration. Ozone depletion was affected by assumptions about PSC freezing because of the variability in resultant nitrification chlorine activation in all scenarios was similar despite the range of assumed PSC compositions. Vortex-average ozone loss exceeded 40% in the lower stratosphere for simulations without nitrification an additional ozone loss of 15-20% was possible in scenarios where vortex-average nitrification reached 60%. Ozone loss intensifies non-linearly with enhanced nitrification in air parcels with 90% nitrification 40% ozone loss in mid-April can be attributed to nitrification alone. However, these effects are sensitive to the stability of the vortex in springtime: nitrification only began to influence ozone depletion in mid-March.

  15. The study of suspicious cases to body smuggling in Loghman Hospital 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hoseinian Moghadam H

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available One method of drug smuggling is body packing or body stuffing, placement of narcotics (opium, heroin, hashish, … inside intestinal tract for transfer from city to city or country to country. Estimating of the methods for transferring, content of packets, packaging, cause of death and results of diagnostic and therapeutic methods can effectively decrease the number of body packer and law execution. This study is case series by randomized sampling. Several parameters such as sex, age, marital status, addiction, job, level of education, type of opioids and their weight and number of packets, result of abdominal X-ray, surgery needs, were collected from April 1999 to December 2000. Through this period of time, 32 male smuggler who had swallowed drug packets were detained. The average age was 41 years (max=62, min=20. The minimum weight of the opium carried by this smugglers was below 20 gram and maximum weight was 1000 grams (median=360 grams. The minimum number of packets were one packet and maximum number of packets were 54 (median=10 packets. In 84 percent of body smugglers the content of packets was opium, 13 percent was heroin and 3 percent was hashish. From the cases, 81 percent of smugglers were addicts themselves. Death occurred in 7 cases from which 3 were after surgery.

  16. Preparing for open access : distribution rate order application to the Ontario Energy Board 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-12-07

    The Ontario Hydro Services Company (OHSC) Inc. filed an application with the Ontario Energy Board (OEB) requesting grant of an order approving the revenue requirements for the Company`s distribution business, including those for distribution in remote communities, for the years 1999 and 2000, up until the point of open access. The revenue requirement for 1999 is $701 million, for the year 2000 it is $640 million. OHSC is a successor company to Ontario Hydro and it will become operational in its new incarnation on April 1, 1999. This marks the beginning of regulation of OHSC`s distribution business by the OEB, following the restructuring the electricity industry in Ontario. Restructuring ended the monopoly position of Ontario Hydro and introduced competition to the generation and retailing sectors, and regulation to the transmission and distribution sectors of the industry. The document sets out the circumstances leading up to the restructuring of the industry, the unbundling of Ontario Hydro into separate generation, transmission and distribution companies, outlines the new regulatory framework and provides the justification for the revenue requirements.

  17. [Water quality evaluation in rural areas of Lavras, Minas Gerais, Brazil, 1999-2000].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rocha, Christiane Maria Barcellos Magalhães da; Rodrigues, Luciano Dos Santos; Costa, Claudionor C; de Oliveira, Paulo Roberto; da Silva, Israel José; de Jesus, Eder Ferreira Moraes; Rolim, Renata G

    2006-09-01

    In addition to personal interviews, laboratory analyses were performed using 80 water samples from 45 rural areas that are crossed by the Agua Limpa and Santa Cruz streams close to the city of Lavras, southern Minas Gerais State. The results allowed comparing the quality of water used for agriculture and the identification of determinant factors. The Agua Limpa stream mostly crosses an area used primarily for housing and characterized by low schooling. Many houses are supplied by shallow water wells and have ordinary cesspits for human waste disposal. All springs are polluted. The Santa Cruz stream displays a different scenario. The land is used mostly for agricultural purposes. Most owners live in town, with widely varied levels of school, from none to university. The houses are supplied by surface water. Most of the springs are polluted. The perception by both home and land owners concerning quality of the drinking water is determined solely by the water's physical and organoleptic characteristics. Sanitary parameters are not taken into account. Moreover, there is no relationship between fecal contamination and the type of spring. Land use and anthropic activity are far more important than the type of spring for water quality.

  18. REDUCTION IN ELECTRICITY SUPPLIES DURING 'LIMITED POWER' PERIODS IN WINTER 1999-2000

    CERN Document Server

    Mario Batz/TCR

    1999-01-01

    As in previous years, CERN signed contracts with EDF (Electricité de France) and with EOS (Energie Ouest Suisse), by which it undertakes, in return for special prices, to reduce its electricity consumption when the grids are at peak demand during the tariff period 'Effacement Jour de Pointe' (EJP).The contractual period for compulsory load shedding begins 1st November and ends 31st March. During these five months CERN will have to reduce its power consumption from210 MW to 40 MW during twenty-two 18-hour periods, each beginning at 7 a.m. and ending at 1 a.m. the following day. Notice will be given by EDF to the Technical Control Room (TCR) at 5 p.m. the previous day. The notice period may be reduced to two hours for days following weekends and public holidays, or omitted entirely for technical reasons.For the month of March 2000, the limit of power consumption will be increased from 40 MW to 50 MW to guarantee an easier start-up of the accelerators.During these periods, the PS complex, the SPS and ...

  19. El conflicto universitario (1999-2000 a la luz del discurso escrito

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Georgina Paulín Pérez

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available El presente artículo recoge los resultados preliminares de una ambiciosa investigación semántica que examina detenidamente el manejo del conflicto universitario por parte de los principales medios escritos del país. El encuadramiento que estos medios han dado al conflicto parece concentrarse en dos líneas interpretativas que, tal y como lo demuestra esta investigación, no logran agotar adecuadamente sus complejidad interna. La primera de estas líneas de anilisis sostiene que el conflicto es la "única" altemativa que se ha dejado a la comunidad universitaria frente a los proyectos de transformación de la universidad dictados desde las altas esferas de las estructuras de poder. La segunda línea, en cambio, estima que la reacción de protesta de los estudiantes constituye el producto de una indeseable, innecesaria e inadecuada "salida" a los impulsos agresivos y las energías mal encauzadas del estudiantado de la universidad. Ambas interpretaciones son parciales y sesgadas. En este sentido, el artículo sostiene, como parte de sus conclusiones provisionales, que los medios periodísticos no han logrado superar las tentaciones de darle al conflicto un manejo sensacionalista y distorsionador del fenómeno en cuestión.

  20. Occupational exposure to wood dust in the british woodworking industry in 1999/2000.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Black, Nigel; Dilworth, Martin; Summers, Nick

    2007-04-01

    Exposure to inhalable wood dust and compliance with the British Control of Substances Hazardous to Health (COSHH) Regulations 1999 were assessed at a representative cross-section of the British woodworking industry. Median exposures ranged from 1.5 to 2.8 mg/m(3) across the selected industry groups, the lowest being in sawmilling and planing of wood. Overall, 27% of values exceeded the maximum exposure limit (MEL) at that time of 5 mg/m(3). These results showed that the percentage of exposures above the MEL was less than in a survey carried out 10 years earlier. A wide variation of exposures was identified at different machines and tasks. At least 90% at bandsawing and cross-cut sawing were woodworking activities.

  1. Dioxins contamination of food in Italy: an overview of the situation 1999-2000

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Scortichini

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The Istituto Zooprofilattico dell’Abruzzo e Molise ‘G. Caporale’ (IZS A&M has been monitoring contamination of food by the polychlorinated dibenzodioxins (PCDD and polychlorinated dibenzo-furans (PCDF as part of the National Surveillance Plan (NSP in Italy since 1999, on license from the Italian Ministry of Health. Between 1999 and 2000, 238 samples (including meat, fish, eggs, milk, fat, feedstuffs were analysed. The results of the tests were expressed in terms of international toxic equivalents (I-TEQs from NATO/CCMS, 1988 and World Health Organization toxic equivalents (WHO-TEQs. These results showed contamination levels comparable to those detected in similar studies conducted in other European countries for products such as milk (mean: 0.81 pg I-TEQ/g fat, meat (mean: 0.73 pg I-TEQ/g fat and fat (mean: 0.51 pg I-TEQ/g fat. The highest dioxin content was found in fish (mean: 5.28 pg I-TEQ/g fat and fish feeds (mean 6.60 pg ITEQ/ g fat. These two matrices also showed complete duplication of contamination profiles. Other edible matrices (milk, meat, eggs revealed the presence of HpCDD and OCDD. This could be due to the introduction into Italy of the animal feed additive choline chloride contaminated by these congenerse.

  2. Joint Force Quarterly. Number 23, Autumn/Winter 1999-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-03-01

    tions by simple majority. Eisenhower considered the latter provision “a small hole in the dough - nut” because he was authorized to transfer major...operations with Washington. While Westmoreland did the same, he had more latitude in shaping his concept of operations, at least until the war turned sour in

  3. Survey of organotin compounds in rivers and coastal environments in Portugal 1999-2000

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Diez, Sergi [Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain)]. E-mail: sdsqam@cid.csic.es; Lacorte, Silvia [Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); Viana, Paula [Direcao Geral do Ambiente, Ministerio do Ambiente, Rua da Murgueira, Zambujal, 2720 Amadora (Portugal); Barcelo, Damia [Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain); Bayona, Josep M. [Department of Environmental Chemistry, IIQAB-CSIC, Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona (Spain)

    2005-08-15

    In the period from April 1999 to May 2000, organotin pollution, namely butyl and phenyltins, was investigated in coastal and continental waters (46 stations), estuarine sediments (15 stations) and mussels (Mytilus galloprovincialis) (13 stations) throughout Portugal. Sampling points were chosen in areas of specific industrial, agricultural and harbor activities. Butyltins (BTs) were the only tin species identified of which tributyltin (TBT) was found in the whole area. Concentrations of TBT in river water ranged from 3 to 30 ng L{sup -1} (as Sn), marine sediment ranged from 4 to 12 {mu}g kg{sup -1} (as Sn), whereas concentrations in mussel tissue ranged from 2.5 to 490 {mu}g kg{sup -1} (as Sn). Given that some water samples appeared to be contaminated by higher monobutyltin (MBT) and dibutyltin (DBT) concentrations, the role of biological degradation and direct inputs from agricultural and industrial applications areas are discussed. The study compares depleted butyltin pollution in sediments and mussels of the Portuguese coastline associated with antifouling paints with previously reported levels. Inputs in river waters are more related to (i) PVC leaching and (ii) industrial sources, in some cases discharged by municipal wastewaters. - Survey data illustrate the complexities of organotin sources and cycling in coastal environments.

  4. Water quality in the upper Shoal Creek basin, southwestern Missouri, 1999-2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schumacher, John G.

    2001-01-01

    Results of a water-quality investigation of the upper Shoal Creek Basin in southwestern Missouri indicate that concentrations of total nitrite plus nitrate as nitrogen (NO2t+NO3t) in water samples from Shoal Creek were unusually large [mean of 2.90 mg/L (milligrams per liter), n (sample size)=60] compared to other Missouri streams (mean of 1.02 mg/L, n=1,340). A comparison of instantaneous base-flow loads of NO2t+NO3t indicates that at base-flow conditions, most NO2t+NO3t discharged by Shoal Creek is from nonpoint sources. Nearly all the base-flow instantaneous load of total phosphorus as P (Pt) discharged by Shoal Creek can be attributed to effluent from a municipal wastewater treatment plant. Samples collected from a single runoff event indicate that substantial quantities of Pt can be transported during runoff events compared to base-flow transport. Only minor quantities of NO2t+NO3t are transported during runoff events compared to base-flow transport. Fecal coliform bacteria densities at several locations exceed the Missouri Department of Natural Resources (MDNR) standard of 200 col/100 mL (colonies per 100 milliliters) for whole-body contact recreation. During 13 months of monitoring at 13 stream sites, fecal coliform densities (median of 277 and 400 col/100 mL) at two sites (sites 2 and 3) on Shoal Creek exceeded the MDNR standard at base-flow conditions. The maximum fecal coliform density of 120,000 col/100 mL was detected at site 3 (MDNR monitoring site) during a runoff event in April 1999 at a peak discharge of 1,150 ft3/s (cubic feet per second). Fecal coliform densities also exceeded the MDNR standard in three tributaries with the largest densities (median of 580 col/100 mL) detected in Pogue Creek. Results of ribopattern analyses indicate that most Escherichia coli (E. coli) bacteria in water samples from the study area probably are from nonhuman sources. The study area contains about 25,000 cattle, and has an estimated annual production of 33 million broilers and 300,000 turkeys. Probable nonhuman sources included turkeys, horses, chickens, and cattle; however, wildlife sources such as deer, raccoon, muskrat, and opossum were not evaluated. Human waste was an important source of E. coli in water samples collected at the MDNR monitoring site (site 3) on Shoal Creek and at two tributary sites (Joyce Creek and Woodward Creek). In general, the detection of human ribopatterns was consistent with the detection of organic compounds commonly associated with human wastewater such as caffeine, triclosan, or phenol, and the fecal indicators cholesterol and 3B-coprostanol. Ribopattern analysis indicate that horses were an important source of E. coli in Woodward Creek, which was consistent with horses being pastured immediately upstream from the sampling site on this creek. Pogue Creek contains a large density of turkey barns and five of eight E. coli isolates from one sample from Pogue Creek were matched to turkeys. Water samples from Pogue Creek generally did not contain detectable concentrations of human wastewater compounds, but one sample did contain detectable quantities of the antibiotics tylosin and lincomycin (widely used in the animal industry), and sulfamethoxazole (human use only). Although promising, the ability of ribopattern analyses to positively identify the source of a particular isolate is uncertain because of the small sample size, possible differences between animal source patterns in the study area and database used, lack of native wildlife source patterns, and variation in results depending on the number of possible animal host considered. Results of this study indicate that a trend of increasing fecal coliform densities with increasing time detected by the MDNR is, in part, caused by trends in annual precipitation and stream discharge, and not necessarily changes in land use or densities of animal operations. A multiple linear regression (MLR) model using specific conductance and wate

  5. Salmon Supplementation Studies in Idaho Rivers, 1999-2000 Progress Report.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kohler, Andy; Taki, Doug; Teton, Angelo

    2001-11-01

    As part of the Idaho Supplementation Studies, fisheries crews from the Shoshone-Bannock Tribes have been snorkeling tributaries of the Salmon River to estimate chinook salmon (Oncorhynchus tshawytscha) parr abundance; conducting surveys of spawning adult chinook salmon to determine the number of redds constructed and collect carcass information; operating a rotary screw trap on the East Fork Salmon River and West Fork Yankee Fork Salmon River to enumerate and PIT-tag emigrating juvenile chinook salmon; and collecting and PIT-tagging juvenile chinook salmon on tributaries of the Salmon River. The Tribes work in the following six tributaries of the Salmon River: Bear Valley Creek, East Fork Salmon River, Herd Creek, South Fork Salmon River, Valley Creek, and West Fork Yankee Fork Salmon River. Snorkeling was used to obtain parr population estimates for ISS streams from 1992 to 1997. However, using the relatively vigorous methods described in the ISS experimental design to estimate summer chinook parr populations, results on a project-wide basis showed extraordinarily large confidence intervals and coefficients of variation. ISS cooperators modified their sampling design over a few years to reduce the variation around parr population estimates without success. Consequently, in 1998 snorkeling to obtain parr population estimates was discontinued and only General Parr Monitoring (GPM) sites are snorkeled. The number of redds observed in SBT-ISS streams has continued to decline as determined by five year cycles. Relatively weak strongholds continue to occur in the South Fork Salmon River and Bear Valley Creek. A rotary screw trap was operated on the West Fork Yankee Fork during the spring and fall of 1999 and the spring of 2000 to monitor juvenile chinook migration. A screw trap was also operated on the East Fork of the Salmon River during the spring and fall from 1993 to 1997 and 1999 (fall only) to 2000. Significant supplementation treatments have occurred in the South Fork Salmon River (IDFG). The East Fork Salmon River received supplementation treatments yearly through 1995. There have been no treatments since 1995, and no significant future treatments from local broodstock are conceivable due to extremely poor escapement. The West Fork Yankee Fork received a single presmolt treatment in 1994. Similarly, no significant future treatments are planned for the WFYF due to extremely poor escapement. However, small scale experimental captive rearing and broodstock techniques are currently being tested with populations from the EFSR and WFYF. Captive rearing/broodstock techniques could potentially provide feedback for evaluation of supplementation. The other three SBT-ISS streams are control streams and do not receive hatchery treatments.

  6. Stability Operations in East Timor 1999-2000: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-11

    necessary to understand the complex environment INTERFET faced. Portuguese Rule Portuguese interest in Southeast Asia dates to the late 1400s with...Timor soon fol- lowed .5 5 The Portuguese centralized their control of East Timor by appointing the first governor, António Coel- ho Guerreiro, in...Dutch East Indies, resulting in the birth of Indonesia. At the same time, Portugal’s Afri- can colonies began a series of bloody rebellions, which

  7. Reseña de Jornadas académicas de la E.U.B.D. de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación. Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Pascual, Cristina

    1998-01-01

    Book review of: Jornadas Académicas de la Escuela Universitaria de Biblioteconomía y Documentación de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (6ª, 1997, Madrid). Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación . Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997.

  8. Reseña de Jornadas académicas de la E.U.B.D. de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid. Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación. Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997

    OpenAIRE

    Herrero Pascual, Cristina

    1998-01-01

    Book review of: Jornadas Académicas de la Escuela Universitaria de Biblioteconomía y Documentación de la Universidad Complutense de Madrid (6ª, 1997, Madrid). Métodos didácticos en Biblioteconomía y Documentación . Madrid: Universidad Complutense, 1997.

  9. El estreno de Las brujas de Salem en el teatro español de Madrid (1956-1957

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gil Fombellida, M. Carmen

    2002-06-01

    Full Text Available In 1956, the director of the Español theatre, José Tamayo, decided to stage this play by Arthur Miller, backed by the warm welcome on the part of the audience, by the critics that other works from the same author had received, such as, for example. Death of a salesman, which had also been directed by Tamayo in 1952, as well as by the increasing interest that Miller's theatrical proposals arose during the 50s. The political situation at that moment, the censorship and the general public's tastes marked the debut of The Crucible (Las brujas de Salem at Madrid's stages. The artistic proposal by Tamayo turned out as risky as the ideological one, mostly taking into account that the plays that were succeeding at that moment were musical comedies and revues. Against all odds, the play situated among one of the most watched ones and one that created most expectation among specialised columnists of the time. An analysis of the numerous critics that appeared after its presentation explains the curiosity that this setup originated, as well as the reasons for its success: the ideological connotations of the play, the quality of its adaptation, its spectacular staging and the work carried out by most actors and actresses, all which justified the great welcome on the part of spectators and the running of the play until performance number 99 was reached.En 1956, el director del teatro Español de Madrid, José Tamayo, decidió poner en escena el drama de Arthur Miller, La brujas de Salem (The Crucible, respaldado por la gran acogida de los espectadores y la crítica hacia otros de los textos del escritor norteamericano. La muerte de un viajante, dirigido también por Tamayo en 1952, y por el creciente interés que las propuestas escénicas de Miller despertaron durante la década de los cincuenta. Las circunstancias políticas del momento, la censura y los gustos del gran público marcaron el estreno de Las brujas de Salem en los escenarios madrileños. La

  10. Estudio geoquímico de los yesos miocenos de la zona este de la cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fort, R.

    1986-12-01

    Full Text Available Some different types of gypsum deposits may be recognized within the Evaporite Facies of the Madrid Basin (Brea de Tajo-Drieves-Almoguera region. Trace elements analysis of these gypsum deposits allow to conclude that fractionation processes took place during their diagenetic evolution. From the set of trace elements that were analyzed, strontium and magnesium are the best to discriminate among diagenetic stages of formation of the evaporite facies, taking in mind these elements show distribution coefficients lesser than the unit (D<1. Thus, the different types of primary gypsum that we have observed possess Sr and Mg mean values of about 3270 p.p.m. and 1100 p.p.m., respectively, whereas secondary gypsum deposits display Sr mean values of 760 p.p.m. and Mg mean values of 410 p.p.m. The remainder elements do not show a so clear tendency, owing to either distribution coefficients near to the unit (K, Li, Fe, Na or to extremely low contents (Mn, Ba.
    From the results of the present study, geochemical behavior of some trace elements, mainly strontium and magnesium, must be considered a good criterion to indicate the diagenetic stage of formation of the gypsum deposits. Probably, ít may be applied to other comparative studies in definite geological settings.

    En las facies evaporíticas de la Cuenca de Madrid (región Brea del Tajo-Driebes-Almoguera aparecen diferentes tipos de yeso, cuyo contenido en elementos traza ponen de manifiesto la existencia de procesos de fraccionamiento durante la evolución diagenética. De los diferentes elementos traza analizados el estroncio y el magnesio son los que mejor reflejan el estadio diagenético de formación al presentar coeficientes de distribución inferiores a la unidad (D<1. De esta forma , los yesos primarios poseen contenidos medios de 3.270 ppm de Sr y 1.100 ppm de Mg, mientras que los secundarios poseen valores medios de 760 ppm y 410 ppm, respectivamente. El resto de los elementos

  11. Chilenos en Madrid: Perfiles, trayectorias y su mirada inmigrante

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonora Torres Matus

    2008-05-01

    Full Text Available En el presente estudio se mostrará la información recogida durante las visitas a la asociación de chilenos en España (ACHES entre los años 2005 y 2006, específicamente a 30 casos estudiados con mayor profundidad a través de un cuestionario en un primer momento, seguido con entrevistas posteriores para complementar dicha información. Los chilenos entrevistados (en su mayoría jóvenes, de sexo masculino, solteros y sin carga familiar presentan una heterogeneidad clara, tanto en su perfil socio-económico y cultural como en sus motivos para emigrar a España, que son principalmente económicos. La media de estancia en el país es de 1-2 años desde el momento de la aplicación del cuestionario. Sus mayores problemas tienen relación con la situación legal en España y también con la precariedad laboral, que han ido solventando gracias a la red social tanto de compatriotas como de otros colectivos extranjeros y de la familia en origen. Para la mayoría, es la primera vez que inician una aventura migratoria. La nostalgia, el choque cultural y la necesidad de contar con la familia son los aspectos psicológicos y sociales que más destacan a la hora de hablar de su proceso de inserción en el país.

  12. Experimental hematology: theoretical and practical course, Madrid 31th may to 4th june 1993. Hematologia experimental: curso tecnico practico, Madrid, 31 de mayo a 4 de junio 1993

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bueren, J.A.; Tejero Ortega, C. (eds.)

    1993-01-01

    This book contains the lectures of hematology course held in Madrid. The main scope of conferences are: 1.- Hematopoiesis: regulation, growing ionizing radiations, damage and radiation effects. 2.- Radioprotection: stem cells of mouse 3.- Genetic: hematopoietic pathology 4.- Stem cells

  13. Los Annales martyrum transmitidos por Madrid, BN, 10029 y Madrid, BRAH, 78: edición, estudio y panorámica de su infl uencia en la literatura analística latina de la Hispania medieval

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martín, José Carlos

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available The scholar analyzes and publishes the Latin annals of martyrs transmitted in Madrid, BN, 10029 and, in an unpublished second version, Madrid, BRAH, 78. He also examines the possible date and origin, sources and influence in the Latin annals of Iberian Peninsule. Finally, this paper offers new editions of the so-called Chronicon Rotense alterum and Chronicon paruum Ambrosianum.Se estudian y editan en este artículo unos anales de mártires transmitidos por Madrid, BN, 10029 y, en una segunda redacción inédita, por Madrid, BRAH, 78. Además se examina su posible datación y origen, sus fuentes y su influencia en la literatura analística latina de la Península Ibérica. Se ofrecen asimismo nuevas ediciones de los denominados Chronicon Rotense alterum y Chronicon paruum Ambrosianum.

  14. El Madrid inquisitorial en la España del Siglo de Oro

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    Rose, Constance H.

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Madrid of Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca and other figures of Spain's Golden Age is also the Madrid of the fearsome Inquisition directed against the influx of Portuguese Jews and against native New Christians of Jewish background, often merchants whose work allowed them to circulate throughout Europe and North Africa. Eradication or true conversion were the only solutions proposed by the Holy Office. Since those conversos who fled Spain left no record dealing with their daily lives in Inquisitorial Madrid, the best source for obtaining such Information and for recreating the atmosphere of the era is the Holy Office itself. Accordingly, the author examines the reports written to the king by the civil servants and/or church officials charged with creating three spectacular autos de fe carried out in the Plaza Mayor: one in 1632 and two in 1680.

    El Madrid de Lope de Vega, Calderón de la Barca y otras figuras del Siglo de Oro español es también el Madrid del terror inquisitorial, dirigido contra los recién llegados judíos portugueses y los cristianos nuevos madrileños, de origen judío, muchos de ellos mercaderes cuyo trabajo les llevaba a viajar por toda Europa y el norte de África. El Santo Oficio no les permitía más opciones que la desaparición física o la conversión sincera. Como aquellos que huyeron del país no dejaron nada escrito sobre su vida cotidiana en este Madrid inquisitorial, la mejor fuente para obtener esta información y recrear el ambiente de la época es el Santo Oficio mismo. Por ello, la autora examina los informes dirigidos al Rey por los oficiales reales y/o inquisidores, encargados de la organización de tres espectaculares autos de fe que tuvieron lugar en la Plaza Mayor, uno en 1632 y dos en 1680.

  15. La rehabilitación de la casa de San Isidro en Madrid y los paraguas curvos

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    Quintas Ripoll, V.

    1999-04-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the reconstitution of S. Isidro's house at Madrid and the XVI th century palace that surrounded it, is described. The back part of this building has been used to accommodate the Museum of Medieval Madrid. These spaces are roofed by hyperbolic paraboloid shells with curved boundaries.

    En este artículo se describe la reconstrucción de la casa de San Isidro en Madrid y del palacio de los Condes de Paredes, que la envolvía desde el siglo XVI. La parte posterior del edificio se ha utilizado para albergar las salas del Museo de Madrid Medieval Estas salas están cubiertas con láminas de hormigón armado, cuya superficie está formada por paraboloides hiperbólicos con el borde curvo.

  16. Madrid, una comunidad para las cuatro estaciones. Análisis empírico de la estacionalidad en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    El artículo tiene por objeto analizar el turismo en la Comunidad Autónoma de Madrid, comparando su nivel de estacionalidad con el resto de comunidades autónomas españolas. Descubrimos, a través de nuestras investigaciones, que la estacionalidad madrileña se sitúa en el nivel más bajo del conjunto de la nación, siendo esto debido a las peculiaridades propias del turismo madrileño que conjuga de forma especialmente provechosa el turismo cultural, de negocios, deportivo, de ferias e incluso rura...

  17. As forças transientes durante a marcha militar

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    Thais Pereira Guisande

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUÇÃO: O padrão vertical anormal da força de reação do solo (FRS apresenta a assimetria ou mais de dois picos como marcha patológica típica. Uma força típica e assimétrica é a força transiente. Será que a marcha militar é uma espécie de marcha patológica? OBJETIVO: Descrever e analisar a força de reação do solo vertical durante a fase de apoio da marcha militar. MÉTODO: Os participantes foram 20 soldados do Exército Brasileiro que tiveram anteriormente uma lesão nos membros inferiores relacionada com a marcha militar. Duas plataformas de força foram usadas para medir as componentes da FRS (mediolateral, anteroposterior e vertical durante a marcha. Para cada lado e condição (andar e marcha, cinco amostras para cada pé foram registradas. A análise de variância foi utilizada para comparar os parâmetros da FRS durante o andar e marcha. RESULTADO: O primeiro pico de força foi o mais alto durante a condição de marcha. O pico de força transiente durante a marcha foi maior que o primeiro pico durante o andar. A força mínima foi a maior durante a marcha. CONCLUSÃO: A análise das forças de reação do solo marcha militar mostra uma força vertical transiente que não está normalmente presente no padrão de marcha normal.

  18. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera) asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae) en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea) associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain) is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 ...

  19. Jóvenes universitarias musulmanas en Madrid : identidad y convivencia

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    Salam Adlbi Sibai

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Esta investigación se ha llevado a cabo durante el curso académico 2008-2009. Desde una perspectiva pedagógica, y tomando como base la ciencia de la Educación Comparada, tiene el objetivo de estudiar la identidad y la convivencia de jóvenes universitarias musulmanas: españolas de origen árabe, hijas de matrimonios mixtos y finalmente, jóvenes residentes extranjeras desde antes de acceder a la universidad, con la sociedad en la que han nacido y crecido. A través de una metodología principalmente cualitativa, complementada por el método cuantitativo, se busca conocer: ¿qué elementos incluyen estas jóvenes a la hora de autodefinirse? ¿Qué estrategia de adaptación del modelo de Berry escogerán? ¿Están de acuerdo con la imagen que los medios de comunicación presentan de su religión? Las respuestas las intento extraer de los discursos de las propias protagonistas.This research was conducted during the academic year 2008-2009.From a pedagogical perspective, and based on the methodology of Comparative Education, it explores the identity and integration of Muslim women university students in Spain, according to three sub-groups: Spanish students born in Spain of two Arabic parents; those from mixed marriages(with one Spanish and one Arabic parent and those born abroad but partially raised in Spain.Through a primarily qualitative methodology, complemented by the quantitative method, the research investigates which elements these young women will choose to include in their identity, which adaptation strategy (following the Berry model they have selected, and whether or not they agree with the images that the media project of their religion. The primary data is taken from personal one-on-one interviews, group discussion sessions and surveys.

  20. Colegio femenino San Luis de los Franceses, en Pozuelo de Alarcón – Madrid

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    Aymerich, Manuel

    1970-10-01

    Full Text Available This hostel is close to Madrid and meets all the requirements of the Official Regulations for school buildings. The design has been most carefully worked out, as regards distribution, external and indoor styling, sunlight, spaciousness, orientations and circulations. For all these reasons this hostel is highly functional, as well as of charming simplicity in outline.Se ha emplazado en las proximidades de Madrid y cumple todos los requisitos exigidos por el Reglamento Oficial para construcciones escolares. Se han cuidado extraordinariamente el proyecto y la realización, en lo que se refiere a su: distribución, tratamiento exterior e interior, adecuación al solar, amplitud de programa, orientaciones y circulaciones. Por todo lo expuesto, el complejo construido ha resultado de un notable funcionalismo y de una gran sencillez constructiva y estética.

  1. Romanian Migration to the Community of Madrid (Spain: Patterns of Mobility and Return

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    Silvia Marcu

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the process by which Romanian immigrants to the Autonomous Community of Madrid (Spain return to their country. Starting with the empirical reality and the theoretical focuses on human mobility as a form of transnationalism, the article emphasises on the characteristics which distinguish the Romanian collective from other collectives of immigrants living in Spain; circular migration that creates work networks. The paper reflects how the intensive mobility contributes to a process that is continuous and partial—hardly ever final. The first part of the article presents the phases of Romanian migration to the Autonomous Community of Madrid. It then delves into the process by which Romanians return to their country of origin, while detailing those factors that influence their decision. The conclusions point towards a renewal of studies on mobility within the framework of the European Union that links the border dynamic with the migration process.

  2. CPT site characterization for seismic hazards in the New Madrid seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liao, T.; Mayne, P.W.; Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E.S.; Van Arsdale, R.B.

    2002-01-01

    A series of cone penetration tests (CPTs) were conducted in the vicinity of the New Madrid seismic zone in central USA for quantifying seismic hazards, obtaining geotechnical soil properties, and conducting studies at liquefaction sites related to the 1811-1812 and prehistoric New Madrid earthquakes. The seismic piezocone provides four independent measurements for delineating the stratigraphy, liquefaction potential, and site amplification parameters. At the same location, two independent assessments of soil liquefaction susceptibility can be made using both the normalized tip resistance (qc1N) and shear wave velocity (Vs1). In lieu of traditional deterministic approaches, the CPT data can be processed using probability curves to assess the level and likelihood of future liquefaction occurrence. ?? 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Nuevas noticias sobre las pinturas de Vicente Carducho para el convento de Trinitarios Descalzos de Madrid

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    de Carlos Varona, Mª. Cruz

    1999-12-01

    Full Text Available This article presents new information regarding Vicente Garducho's paintings for the high altar and side altars of the Madrid Monastery of the barefoot Trinitarians as well as his twelve paintings of the Life of St. John of Mata, the founder of the Trinitarian order. Carducho's sources for the latter paintings are shown to be a series of prints of scenes from the Life of St. John of Mata published in Paris in 1633, one year before the painter signed his contract with the Trinitarian Monastery of Madrid to paint his series. The article also offers news facts regarding the fortunes of Carducho' s paintings after the Disestablishment of the Monasteries in 1835.No disponible.

  4. Los Nogales, nueva fauna de vertebrados del Mioceno medio de Madrid

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    Morales, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available A new vertebrate fauna from the Middle Aragonian (Middle Miocene of the city of Madrid is presented. A description of the stratigraphic framework and the field campaigns carried out on this fossiliferous locality are included. The preliminary studies have allow the taxonomic assignations included on this work. The evolutionary stage of several taxa recorded in the locality allowed its correlation to the Middle Aragonian Biozone Dc.Una nueva fauna de vertebrados del Aragoniense medio (Mioceno medio del área urbana de Madrid es presentada. Se incluye una descripción del contexto estratigráfico del yacimiento y las excavaciones que se han realizado en esta localidad fosilífera. Los estudios preliminares han permitido realizar las determinaciones taxonómicas incluidas en el trabajo. El estado evolutivo de algunos de los taxa registrados en esta localidad ha permitido su correlación con la Biozona Dc del Aragoniense medio.

  5. Productos vegetales utilizados en Madrid entre los siglos XIV y XIX

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    Menéndez de Luarca, Luis Ramón-Laca

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available In an attempt to describe the plant culture of Madrid of the Middle Ages and Modern Age, this paper provides a list of some 300 vegetal products cited in various documents referring to the city dated to the fourteenth, sixteenth, seventeenth, eighteenth and nineteenth centuries. The identity of the 170 plants mentioned in these documents is discussed.

    Con la intención de esbozar una historia de la cultura madrileña de las plantas a lo largo de la Edad Media y la Edad Moderna, presentamos aquí una lista de aproximadamente 300 productos vegetales citados en diversos documentos de los siglos XIV, XVI, XVII, XVIII y XIX referentes a la ciudad de Madrid, incluyendo una hipótesis de identificación de las 170 especies correspondientes a dichos productos.

  6. The impact of New Public Management on efficiency: an analysis of Madrid's hospitals.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alonso, José M; Clifton, Judith; Díaz-Fuentes, Daniel

    2015-03-01

    Madrid has recently become the site of one of the most controversial cases of public healthcare reform in the European Union. Despite the fact that the introduction of New Public Management (NPM) into Madrid hospitals has been vigorous, little scholarship has been done to test whether NPM actually led to technical efficiency. This paper is one of the first attempts to do so. We deploy a bootstrapped data envelopment analysis to compare efficiency scores in traditionally managed hospitals and those operating with new management formulas. We do not find evidence that NPM hospitals are more efficient than traditionally managed ones. Moreover, our results suggest that what actually matters may be the management itself, rather than the management model. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  7. Experiencias de tratamiento de márgenes de carreteras en la comunidad de Madrid

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    Franch Mariner, Modesto

    1993-08-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the guidelines and general criteria followed in the projects and works of road edge treatment in the Community of Madrid which are aimed at integrating the road in the surroundings. The works on lateral edges, median strips and junctions as well as impact reducing corrective measures, new techniques in bank stabilization and conservation and maintenance works are presented.

    Se describen en estas páginas las pautas y criterios generales seguidos en los Proyectos y Obras de Tratamiento de Márgenes de Carreteras en la Comunidad de Madrid, que tienen por objeto la integración de la carretera en el entorno circundante. Indica las actuaciones en márgenes laterales, medianas e intersecciones, así como las medidas correctoras para reducir los impactos, nuevas técnicas de estabilización de taludes, y labores de conservación y mantenimiento.

  8. Metal functions between Bell Beakers groups. Gold versus copper. The example in the Region of Madrid

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    Ríos, Patricia

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper offers an overview of the Bell Beaker metallurgy in Madrid. This is a renewed vision thanks to data provided by the recent excavations in Camino de las Yeseras, a big settlement whose funerary contexts do not match the known conventions in these graves, for example, weapons – absent in the grave goods – are replaced with gold ornaments and other items made in exotic raw materials.El trabajo ofrece una visión renovada de la metalurgia del Horizonte campaniforme en Madrid a partir de los datos que aportan las recientes intervenciones en el yacimiento de Camino de las Yeseras. Sus contextos funerarios no se ajustan a los convencionalismos conocidos para estas tumbas pues las armas ausentes en los ajuares singulares son sustituidas por ornatos de oro y otras piezas realizadas en materias exóticas.

  9. Minorias étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid: integración y conflicto

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    Piedrahíta, Gabriel

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available As a consequence of global migrations, the regions of destination are in fact an ethno-religious mosaic. This paper analyses the different ethno-religious minorities in Madrid to asses their level of integration or conflict.

    Como consecuencia de los movimientos migratorios, resultado de la globalización, las regiones receptoras de población se han convertido en un mosaico no sólo de etnias sino también de religiones. Estudiar las minorías étnico-religiosas en la Comunidad de Madrid comprobando si contribuyen a la integración o al conflicto es lo que se pretende en este artículo.

  10. Remodelación del estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid

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    Alemany Indarte, Luis

    1981-12-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    Desde 1944 en que se concede el primer premio del Concurso para el Campo de Fútbol del Real Madrid Club de Fútbol a los Arquitectos don Luis Alemany Soler y don Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, han transcurrido 38 años. De ellos, dos de obras, desde mayo de 1945 en que se adjudican las obras a HUARTE y Compañía, S. L., hasta el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en que se inauguró el nuevo Estadio, y otros 36, de grandes acontecimientos futbolísticos, en los que el edificio ha pasado a ser representativo de la ciudad de Madrid como símbolo de éxitos deportivos.

  11. La batalla eclesial por Madrid (1923-1936. Los conflictos entre Eijo Garay y Federico Tedeschini

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    Rodríguez Lago, José Ramón

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The relationships between the leaders of the Catholic hierarchy are determined by their own theological cosmovisions and their different pastoral strategies, but also by the ambitions of power and the expectations of promotion in the “cursus honorum”. The conflicts that took place from 1923 to 1936 between the apostolic nuncio in Spain, Federico Tedeschini, and the bishop of Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, are an excellent example of these intricate relationships.Las relaciones entre los dirigentes de la jerarquía católica se ven condicionadas por sus propias cosmovisiones teológicas y sus diferentes estrategias pastorales, pero también por las ambiciones de poder y las expectativas de promoción en el “cursus honorum”. Los conflictos suscitados de 1922 a 1936 entre el Nuncio Pontificio en España, Federico Tedeschini, y el Obispo de Madrid, Leopoldo Eijo Garay, son una excelente prueba de ello.

  12. Litoestratigrafía y evolución paleogeográfica del Mioceno del borde NE de la Cuenca de Madrid (Prov. Guadalajara

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    García del Cura, M. A.

    1990-12-01

    aborda el análisis del registro neógeno de la zona NE de la Cuenca de Madrid. En primer lugar se definen y analizan en detalle las distintas unidades litoestratigráficas presentes. Posteriormente se propone un modelo de evolución paleogeográfica de esta zona NE de la Cuenca de Madrid durante el Mioceno. Las tres unidades mayores del relleno mioceno de la Cuenca de Madrid aparecen representadas en este área. Estas unidades, que quedan limitadas por rupturas sedimentarias, son las denominadas Unidad Inferior, Unidad Intermedia y Unidad Superior. La edad atribuida a cada una de estas unidades es: Ageniense superior-Aragoniense medio para la Unidad Inferior, Aragoniense medio-Vallesiense inferior (al menos para la Intermedia y Vallesiense superior-Turoliense para la Unidad Superior. La evolución vertical de cada unidad muestra una tendencia en general positiva, que refleja la retrogradación de los sistemas elásticos y la instalación de sistemas lacustres carbonatados hacia techo de las unidades. En la Unidad Intermedia se han definido dos secuencias, separadas por una discontinuidad de orden menor de edad Aragoniense superior, que corresponden a dos secuencias de progradación-retrogradación de los sistemas elásticos. El depósito de las Unidades Inferior e Intermedia, las más ampliamente desarrolladas en esta zona, tuvo lugar en condiciones de cuenca cerrada (endorreica, en la que los momentos de máxima actividad tectónica de sus márgenes se reflejan en la progradación de los sistemas aluviales marginales, con retracción de los sistemas lacustres, siempre de carácter somero, que se instalaban en áreas algo más alejadas de los márgenes de la cuenca. La posición de los sistemas aluviales marginales, tanto de la Unidad Inferior como Intermedia, aparece controlada por la paleomorfología y las lineaciones estructurales de los márgenés de la Cuenca. Los sistemas aluviales evolucionan lateralmente a amplias llanuras de inundación sobre las que se sit

  13. [Implementation of a patient safety strategy in primary care of the Community of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cañada Dorado, A; Drake Canela, M; Olivera Cañadas, G; Mateos Rodilla, J; Mediavilla Herrera, I; Miquel Gómez, A

    2015-01-01

    This paper describes the implementation of a patient safety strategy in primary care within the new organizational and functional structure that was created in October 2010 to cover the single primary health care area of the Community of Madrid. The results obtained in Patient Safety after the implementation of this new model over the first two years of its development are also presented. Copyright © 2014 SECA. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  14. The Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid (1850-1867). A Historical Overview

    OpenAIRE

    Cano Pavón, Jose Manuel

    2002-01-01

    This paper reviews the history, structure, evolution and salient activities of the Royal Industrial Institute of Madrid. This was the first higher engineering school established in Spain and also the key to the teaching system devised by Spain's moderate liberal government of the 1850s to gather the human resources (engineers, intermediate technicians and skilled workers) needed to face the industrialization process under way in the country. The Royal Industrial Institute was foun...

  15. La Diosa Blanca y el Real Madrid. Celebraciones deportivas y espacio urbano

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz García, Carmen

    2006-01-01

    One of the most frequent topics analyzed by anthropologists studying the social and cultural expressions around football is the relation between the soccer teams and the cities where they are based. In this paper an introduction is presented to the uses, both symbolic and practical, of the urban space by the soccer hooligans in Madrid and other Spanish cities. Specifically it treats the controversial question of the seizure in the last decades of some elements of the urban heritage (monuments...

  16. A decision support system for water quality issues in the Manzanares River (Madrid, Spain)

    OpenAIRE

    Paredes Arquiola, Javier; Andreu Álvarez, Joaquín; Solera Solera, Abel

    2010-01-01

    The Manzanares River, located in Madrid (Spain), is the main water supplier of a highly populated region, and it also receives wastewater from the same area. The effluents of eight Waste Water Treatment Plants (WWTPs) downstream of the river, which represent 90% of the flow in the middle and lower parts of the river, are the primary sources of water pollution. Although the situation has improved slightly in the last two years, the water in the river is highly polluted, making it u...

  17. Asthma diagnosis is not associated with obesity in a population of adults from Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2011-01-01

    Background: Several studies have suggested a relationship between asthma and obesity; however, this relationship is unclear when obesity is compared with bronchial hyperresponsiveness to methacholine. Aim: To determine whether obesity is associated with a diagnosis of asthma. Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional study in a population of Spanish adults in the north of Madrid, Spain between 2003 and 2007. The patients included had experienced asthma symptoms during the previous y...

  18. Iconografía de una capital barroca : Madrid entre el simbolismo y la ciencia

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    Felipe Pereda

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available Las vistas y planos que me dispongo a estudiar son el testimonio interesado de un siglo de la historia de Madrid. Comenzamos con las que realizó un artista flamenco llamado a Espana por Felipe II por su insuperabie maestria para trasladar sabre el papel el verdadero aspecto de las ciudades de su reino, y terminamos cien anos mas tarde en la estampa saturada de preciosos detalles que produjo un cartògrafo portugués especializado en cartas nàuticas. Las estrategias de Wyngaerde y Texeira son distintas: la primera reconstruye una impresión óptica mientras que la información de la segunda exige ser "leida" pacientemente en cualquiera de los infinitos sentidos posibles; también son diferentes los puntos de vista desde los que habitualmente se estudian sus trabajos y sin embargo, los objetivos y obstàculos que tuvieron que sortear ambos profesionales de la imagen no se diferencian tanto comò pudiera parecer.In 1561 Madrid was established as capital of Spain. Around thiose years a flemisti painter, Anton van den Wyngaerde, received de comission of making a set of precise views of the spanisfì most important towns. The present article analizes the creation of an iconography of Madrid from this moment until the middle of the seventeenth century when the portuguese cartographer Teixeira finished (1656 his famous etching. The interests of the patrons, the politicai relations between the monarchy and the city, the different use of the images and the development of topography as part of the studies of the Academy of Mathematics in Madrid, are considered to explain its differences and evolution.

  19. La información en Madrid del terremoto de Lisboa de 1755

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    María Rosa CAL MARTÍNEZ

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: El terremoto de Lisboa del 1 de noviembre de 1755 se conoció en Madrid a través de relaciones, relatos monográficos procedentes de Lisboa o del sur de la Península donde se sufrieron sus efectos. Estas narraciones fueron casi el soporte informativo único cuando se trató del pueblo. Para los ilustrados existían tres publicaciones periódicas (ninguna diaria la Gaceta de Madrid, el Mercurio Histórico y Político y los Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. De los tres impresos periódicos sólo el último no estaba protegido por la monarquía. En cuanto a la Gaceta apenas da la noticia del desastre. Sólo el Mercurio tomó en serio el tema e incluyó una nueva sección titulada «Noticias de Portugal».ABSTRACT: The Lisbon earthquake of November 1st 1755 was bought to the attention of Madrid by an edition of relaciones, a collection of articles on the subject from the areas affected namely Lisbon and the southern Iberian peninsula. These pieces were practically the only source of information available to the man in the street. The more learned members of society however, had three periodical publications (none daily at their disposal, the Gaceta de Madrid, the Mercurio Histórico y Político and the Discursos Mercuriales Políticos y Económicos. Of these three printed periodicals only the latter did not receive monarchic protection. The Gaceta in fact hardly mentions the disaster at all. Only the Mercurio took the subject seriously by introducing a new section called «News from Portugal.

  20. Programas de continuidad de cuidados: el ejemplo del distrito de Chamartín de Madrid Continuity of care programs: the example of Madrid Chamartin district

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    Ana González Rodríguez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta el programa de continuidad de cuidados del Centro de Salud Mental de Chamartín en Madrid, para ilustrar con una experiencia fuera del ámbito anglosajón donde surgen estos programas, la teoría expuesta en la primera parte acerca del surgimiento, desarrollo y filosofía de los programas de continuidad de cuidados. Se describen los recursos sanitarios, sociales y personales de los que dispone la población a la que va dirigido y la forma de intervención, con el tipo de actuaciones que se realizan. Por último, se señalan algunos riesgos en el desarrollo y mantenimiento de los programas de continuidad de cuidados.The case management program of Chamartin Mental Health Center in Madrid is presented to illustrate with an experience outside the Anglo-Saxon context, where such programs arise, the theory advanced in the first part about the emergence, development and philosophy of continuity of care programs. Finally, some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs are pointed out. The health, social and staff resources are described, and also the population to be targeted, the form of intervention and the type of actions that are performed. Finally, we point out some risks in the development and maintenance of continuity of care programs.

  1. Impacto de las novedades terapéuticas para el tratamiento de la enfermedad pulmonar obstructiva crónica y el asma en atención primaria de Madrid, entre 1996 y 2005 Impact of new therapeutic products for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and asthma in primary care in Madrid between 1996 and 2005

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    Cristina Rodríguez Escolar

    2008-04-01

    Full Text Available Objetivos: Analizar la tendencia de utilización de nuevos medicamentos para el tratamiento de las enfermedades obstructivas de las vías aéreas en atención primaria de Madrid entre 1996 y 2005, y evaluar su impacto en términos de oferta, consumo y costes. Métodos: Estudio de utilización de medicamentos de novedades terapéuticas del grupo R03 («medicamentos para enfermedades obstructivas de las vías aéreas» prescritos por médicos de atención primaria de Madrid, durante 1996 y 2005. Los datos de consumo y gasto a PVP provienen de la facturación de recetas. El consumo se expresa en dosis diarias definidas por 1.000 habitantes y día. Resultados: La oferta experimenta pocas variaciones cuantitativas aunque de gran interés cualitativo, al desaparecer fármacos sin utilidad terapéutica y comercializarse 6 novedades terapéuticas. En el año 2005, la utilización de estas últimas genera el 28,03% del total del consumo y el 79% de los costes. Las novedades de mayor impacto son salmeterol/fluticasona y tiotropio. Conclusiones: La oferta de medicamentos mejora cualitativamente al desaparecer los fármacos sin utilidad terapéutica. La prescripción de novedades terapéuticas tiene un gran impacto sobre el consumo total de los medicamentos del grupo R03 y, sobre todo, en los costes generados, dado su elevado su precio; sin embargo, aportan limitadas ventajas terapéuticas. Los nuevos medicamentos se han incorporado a gran velocidad a la prescripción.Objectives: To analyze the trend of use of new drugs for the treatment of chronic obstructive pulmonary disease in primary care of Madrid (Spain between 1996 and 2005, and to evaluate its impact in terms of supply, use and costs. Methods: Drug utilization study of new products of the R03 group (Anatomical Therapeutic Chemical Classificaction System: drugs for obstructive airway diseases prescribed by doctors of primary care of Madrid, during 1996 and 2005. Information on drug utilization and

  2. Hepatitis B virus infection and vaccine-induced immunity in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pedraza-Flechas, Ana María; García-Comas, Luis; Ordobás-Gavín, María; Sanz-Moreno, Juan Carlos; Ramos-Blázquez, Belén; Astray-Mochales, Jenaro; Moreno-Guillén, Santiago

    2014-01-01

    To estimate the prevalence of hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection and vaccine-induced immunity in the region of Madrid, and to analyze their evolution over time. An observational, analytical, cross-sectional study was carried out in the population aged 16-80 years between 2008 and 2009. This was the last of four seroprevalence surveys in the region of Madrid. The prevalence of HBV infection and vaccine-induced immunity was estimated using multivariate logistic models and were compared with the prevalences in the 1989, 1993 and 1999 surveys. In the population aged 16-80 years, the prevalence of HBV infection was 11.0% (95% CI: 9.8-12.3) and that of chronic infection was 0.7% (95% CI: 0.5-1.1). The prevalence of vaccine-induced immunity in the population aged 16-20 years was 73.0% (95% CI: 70.0-76.0). Compared with previous surveys, there was a decrease in the prevalence of HBV infection. Based on the prevalence of chronic infection (<1%), Madrid is a region with low HBV endemicity. Preventive strategies against HBV should especially target the immigrant population. Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier Espana.

  3. Literacy teachers in Madrid province through «Catastro de Ensenada» (1749-1756

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    Nuria González Barrero

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to offer a glimpse into the real situation of literacy teachers, and to a lesser extent, grammar teachers, in the province of Madrid in the 18th century, based on relevant information gathered from «Libros de Estados Generales» of «Catastro de Ensenada» (1749-1756. First, we analyze the distribution of literacy teachers in cities and villages in the Madrid area, their wages, the supplementary jobs they had apart from teaching, and how they were valued socially. We also compare their job to other types of professions in order to get a more accurate idea of their conditions and real situation in the mid-eighties. Similarly, we make a comparison of literacy teachers’ and grammar teachers’ socio-economic circumstances in the province of Madrid with that of teachers in other Spanish provinces where the «Catastro de Ensenada» was also conducted.

  4. Development of a structured sensory honey analysis: application to artisanal Madrid honeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    González, M M; de Lorenzo, C; Pérez, R A

    2010-02-01

    In this work a methodology to evaluate the sensory properties of honeys has been developed. The sensory analysis was carried out by means of a quantitative descriptive analysis (QDA) method, based on several reference scales, for the coverage of the designed range for each descriptor. The peculiarity of this sensory analysis is that the reference scales have been constituted by common foodstuffs agreed upon by consensus of the panel. The main sensory attributes evaluated in the analyses were: adhesiveness, viscosity, bitterness, aroma, sweetness, acidity, color and granularity. Both the intensity and persistence of honey aromas have also been estimated, together with the classification of the identified aromatic attributes into different groups. The method was applied to 55 artisanal honeys from Madrid (Spain) with the following results: (i) the developed sensory profile sheet allowed a satisfactory description of Madrid honeys; (ii) correlations between sensory attributes of three broad groups of Madrid honeys were obtained and (iii) aroma persistence, sweetness, bitterness, color and granularity appeared as the main sensorial characteristics of honey with discrimination power between floral and honeydew honeys.

  5. Policies towards DTT in the Community of Madrid during 2008 and 2009

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    Guiomar Salvat-Martinrey, Ph. D.

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The introduction and development of Digital Terrestrial Television (DTT in the Community of Madrid respond to the need ofadjusting broadcasting to the new technological requirements, and to the firm, very ambitious and carefully designed political objective of making the Community of Madrid the leader in the implementation of DTT in Spain. This article aims to show the more relevant policies carried out by the government of this Community during 2008 and 2009 for the digital switchover. This article acknowledges that the Community of Madrid’s technological adjustment policy is framed within a wider national policy called PlanAvanza (2009-2012, which greatly supports, in its Infrastructures section, the nationwide implementation of DTT, and issubsequently determined by the National Technical Plan for DTT(PTNTDT. Based on the collected data, this article studies the level of DTT household penetration in the Community of Madrid during 2008-2009, the informative effectiveness of the campaigns designed to promote awareness about this technological change and ensure the necessary social support, and the effectiveness of the policies.

  6. Hipertrigliceridemia familiar grave durante a gestação

    OpenAIRE

    Luiz Augusto Casulari; Myrian Wesgueber; Ricardo Cassiano B. Silva; Soares,Henrique F.; Lucilia Domingues

    2001-01-01

    A presença de hipertrigliceridemia grave durante a gravidez é rara, mas comporta grande possibilidade de desenvolver complicações, como a pancreatite aguda, que coloca em risco a mãe e o feto. Apresentamos o relato da evolução da gestação de uma paciente portadora de hipertrigliceridemia grave que havia apresentado pancreatite aguda dois meses antes da fecundação. Foi tratada durante o pré-natal com dieta e 3,0 g de ácidos graxos de cadeia ômega-3 (ácidos eicosapentaenóico 14% e docosahexaenó...

  7. Hipertrigliceridemia familiar grave durante a gestação

    OpenAIRE

    Casulari Luiz Augusto; Wesgueber Myrian; Silva Ricardo Cassiano B.; Soares Henrique F.; Domingues Lucilia

    2001-01-01

    A presença de hipertrigliceridemia grave durante a gravidez é rara, mas comporta grande possibilidade de desenvolver complicações, como a pancreatite aguda, que coloca em risco a mãe e o feto. Apresentamos o relato da evolução da gestação de uma paciente portadora de hipertrigliceridemia grave que havia apresentado pancreatite aguda dois meses antes da fecundação. Foi tratada durante o pré-natal com dieta e 3,0 g de ácidos graxos de cadeia ômega-3 (ácidos eicosapentaenóico 14% e docosahexaenó...

  8. Gestión municipal de plagas urbanas. El caso de Madrid Urban pest management. A Madrid case study Gestão municipal das pragas urbanas. O caso de Madrid

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    José María Cámara Vicario

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available La gestión de avisos por plagas es un componente habitual de los programas de control de plagas en una ciudad por lo que los gestores municipales de estas actividades normalmente desarrollan procedimientos para la captación, la atención y la explotación de los datos resultantes, lo que ayuda con otras actuaciones en paralelo, a mejorar la calidad de la Salud Pública.El estudio que aquí presentamos aborda la metodología diseñada y puesta en funcionamiento por el Ayuntamiento de Madrid para controlar y gestionar la presencia de plagas en la ciudad. La larga experiencia (más de 100 años del Ayuntamiento y su apuesta por la incorporación de tecnologías novedosas en el control y gestión de plagas, ha permitido extraer una serie de lecciones aprendidas que pretende servir de guía y modelo para ciudades en donde los servicios de salud pública no hayan aun incorporado estos métodos.Citizens’ reports of sightings of undesirable animals are a common component of pest control programmes in a city. For this reason, local authorities tend to develop procedures for the capture and analysis of the resulting data sets based on these reported sightings. These procedures in turn contribute to the development of other initiatives aimed at improving public health conditions. The study presented here focuses on the methodology designed and implemented by the Madrid City Council for controlling and managing the presence of urban pests.The long experience (over 100 years of the City Council and its commitment to the incorporation of new technologies have allowed a number of important lessons to be learnt in pest control and management, which may be useful as a guide and model for cities where public health services have not yet incorporated these methods.Os anúncios para a gestão de pragas é um componente comum nos programas de controlo de pragas nas cidades, por isso, os gestores municipais dessas atividades costumam desenvolver procedimentos

  9. Rasgos morfologicos y petrologicos del paleokarst de la unidad superior del mioceno de la cuenca de Madrid

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    Cañaveras, J. C.

    2003-08-01

    Full Text Available In the Madrid Basin, especially in the Southem part (Mesa de Ocaña, the Miocene- Pliocene stratigraphic boundary is defined by a paleokarst sculpted on the Miocene limestones. The development of the paleokarst was completed in three main successive stages. The first one was initiated when the lacustrine sedimentary complex, settled in the basin during the Turolian, dried out. Although the water table dropped, it was still close to the surface, as indicated by the location of sub-horizontal caves in the limestone formation. The proximity of the water table favored an encroachment of vegetation into the unlithified sediment. Conduits related to the plant roots, together with the horizontal caves, represent the most prominent dissolution features of the resulting «uncovered» karst. The second stage of karstification took place after the limestones folded. It was characterized by the formation of calcretes, which exhibit typical fabrics (laminar, pisoliths, etc., on the previous profiles, providing evidence of a dry climatic stage. Karstic profiles scovered by calcretes~w ere buried by a Pliocene river system. In the south zone of the Mesa de Ocaña, far away of the fluvial complex, a third episode of karstification has been verified. This episode is defined by the accumulation of soils, basically in the synclines, which caused the dissolution and brecciation of the substrate, as it is reflected in a third type of profiles, called «brechoides». These features are consistent with a humid climate. Finally, al1 types of karst were buried by a laminar calcrete formed at the latest Pliocene. Therefore, the polyphase development of the paleokarstic surface lasted almost al1 the Pliocene. Nevertheless, figures on the order of lo5 years are envisaged as reliable to assess the duration of the first phase, the only one evenly affecting the limestone formations.En la Cuenca de Madrid y, especialmente, en la zona sur (Mesa de Ocaña, la

  10. Salones, bailes y cafés: costumbres socio-musicales en el Madrid de la reina castiza (1833-1868

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    Díez Huerga, M.ª Aurelia

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available

    The associative phenomenon sets off in the nineteenth century, not only within the limits of politics and labour but also of culture and entertainment, which will have an effect on artistic expression and, especially, on music, as many societies will spring up with a vocation for sponsoring, promoting and divulging musical activities in a triple perspective: pedagogic, creative and interpretative. We seem to be facing a moment of our history which is particularly inclined to recreational and cultural partnership, meaningfully during the reign of Isabel II, even though Spanish people’s conviviality doesn’t finish with these organised signs but also searches other ways of expression, more informal and spontaneous. The present essay intends to think over private assembly rooms, public balls and cafés which provided entertainment in Madrid during Isabel II’s era. In both cases, each one its way and with its special features, music became of great importance and a course to satisfy the social, artistic and recreational necessities of all classes during the middle decades of XIX century.



    En el siglo XIX arranca el fenómeno asociativo, no sólo en los ámbitos político y laboral sino también en el recreativo-cultural, lo cual afectará a la expresión artística y, de manera especial, a la música, ya que surgirá un gran número de sociedades (inicialmente en Madrid y con posterioridad en las provincias con vocación de auspiciar, promover y difundir actividades musicales desde una triple perspectiva: pedagógica, creativa e interpretativa. Estamos, parece ser, ante un momento de nuestra historia especialmente proclive al asociacionismo, de manera significativa durante el reinado isabelino, si bien es cierto que la sociabilidad de los españoles no se agota en estas manifestaciones de carácter organizado sino que busca otras

  11. NUEVOS DATOS SOBRE EL YACIMIENTO PALEOLÍTICO DE LAS DELICIAS: UN TALLER SOLUTRENSE EN EL VALLE DEL MANZANARES (MADRID, ESPAÑA

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    Manuel Alcaraz Castaño

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available El yacimiento de Las Delicias (Madrid, conocido desde la excavación practicada en el sitio por H. Obermaier y P. Wernert a finales de 1917, ha sido desde entonces uno de los referentes clásicos del Paleolítico del valle del Manzanares, a pesar de las variadas interpretaciones que ha originado su problemática colección industrial. Tras un análisis historiográfico de sus interpretaciones, presentamos aquí un primer avance de los resultados obtenidos en un proyecto de investigación sobre este yacimiento, iniciado en el invierno de 2008. Este proyecto, planteado a partir de la excavación de parte de los depósitos cuaternarios aún conservados en Las Delicias, se ha centrado en mejorar nuestro conocimiento geoarqueológico del yacimiento con el objetivo de resolver los interrogantes tradicionales que éste ha propuesto a la disciplina. El análisis tecnológico de la industria lítica recuperada, junto con el estudio litológico y geomorfológico del depósito, permite situar en el Solutrense el yacimiento de Las Delicias. Éste se convierte así en el único emplazamiento conocido en el entorno del Manzanares –hallazgos aislados aparte– con industrias solutrenses en posición estratigráfica bien definida y excavado con metodología actual. Se apunta una primera discusión sobre las implicaciones de los resultados obtenidos en el debate sobre la ocupación humana de la Meseta durante el tramo central del Paleolítico Superior.The archaeological site of Las Delicias (Madrid, Spain is known since the excavation conducted at the location by H. Obermaier and P. Wernert in the late 1917. It has been one of the classical references for the Palaeolithic of the Madrid region, despite the varied interpretations that have been posited to explain its problematic lithic assemblage. Following a historiographical analysis of the site’s interpretations, we present the results of a research project initiated in the winter of 2008. This project was

  12. Barotrauma ocular durante mergulho autônomo

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    Maria Fernanda Abalem de Sá

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Relato de um caso de barotrauma ocular bilateral relacionado ao mergulho autônomo, com hemorragia conjuntival e periocular. Alguns conceitos de física e cuidados durante o mergulho são reportados para um melhor entendimento da fisiopatogenia do quadro, de modo que se possa melhor orientar os pacientes quanto à prevenção.

  13. Evaluación de un sistema de devolución de información en salud pública: Experiencia en el Área 2 de la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Arias Bohigas Pedro

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En enero del año 2000 el Servicio de Salud Pública del Área Sanitaria 2 de la Comunidad de Madrid, inició la edición semanal de una Hoja de Información en Salud Pública (HISP dirigida a los profesionales de la salud del Área. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar el conocimiento, aceptabilidad, utilidad y difusión de la HISP durante el año 2000. Métodos: Se realizó una encuesta por correo a una muestra de profesionales sanitarios del Área 2. Tras un análisis descriptivo se investigó, mediante análisis multivariante, qué factores explicaban que un profesional del Área conociera la HISP. Se utilizó el programa Epi Info 2000. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue del 79,7%. El apartado mejor valorado fue el de alertas en salud pública. Se encontró una asociación entre conocer la HISP y conocer el Boletín Epidemiológico de la Comunidad de Madrid (OR=9,3, IC 95%=2,9-29,5, y entre ser médico y recibir información de salud pública (OR=4,3, IC:1,5-12,6, p=0,005. Conclusiones: La HISP ha tenido buena aceptación entre los profesionales sanitarios del Área 2 que valoran más los contenidos relacionados con situaciones estresantes. Es necesario mejorar la difusión de la información de salud pública entre los profesionales de enfermería.

  14. EVALUACIÓN DE UN SISTEMA DE DEVOLUCIÓN DE INFORMACIÓN EN SALUD PÚBLICA: EXPERIENCIA EN EL ÁREA 2 DE LA COMUNIDAD DE MADRID

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    Pedro Arias Bohigas

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: En enero del año 2000 el Servicio de Salud Pública del Área Sanitaria 2 de la Comunidad de Madrid, inició la edición semanal de una Hoja de Información en Salud Pública (HISP dirigida a los profesionales de la salud del Área. El presente trabajo tiene como objetivo estimar el conocimiento, aceptabilidad, utilidad y difusión de la HISP durante el año 2000. Métodos: Se realizó una encuesta por correo a una muestra de profesionales sanitarios del Área 2. Tras un análisis descriptivo se investigó, mediante análisis multivariante, qué factores explicaban que un profesional del Área conociera la HISP. Se utilizó el programa Epi Info 2000. Resultados: La tasa de respuesta fue del 79,7%. El apartado mejor valorado fue el de alertas en salud pública. Se encontró una asociación entre conocer la HISP y conocer el Boletín Epidemiológico de la Comunidad de Madrid (OR=9,3, IC 95%=2,9-29,5, y entre ser médico y recibir información de salud pública (OR=4,3, IC:1,5-12,6, p=0,005. Conclusiones: La HISP ha tenido buena aceptación entre los profesionales sanitarios del Área 2 que valoran más los contenidos relacionados con situaciones estresantes. Es necesario mejorar la difusión de la información de salud pública entre los profesionales de enfermería.

  15. Los Chalcidoidea (Hymenoptera asociados con agallas de Cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Gómez, J. F.

    2006-05-01

    Full Text Available Information about the chalcid wasp parasitoid community (Hymenoptera, Chalcidoidea associated with galls of Cynipidae in Madrid (Spain is compiled and updated. Studied material includes more than 1000 published and unpublished records from samplings in 80 sites in the Madrid region carried out over twenty three years by the research team. A check-list of 121 species, 19 of them provisionally identified, from 6 families of Chalcidoidea is provided as follows: 26 Eurytomidae, 27 Torymidae, 9 Ormyridae, 33 Pteromalidae, 9 Eupelmidae and 17 Eulophidae. Ormyrus rufimanus Mayr, 1904 and Idiomacromerus semiaeneus (Szelenyi, 1957 are recorded for the first time in the Iberian Peninsula. For each family and genus of Chalcidoidea data are given on biology, diversity and distribution in Comunidad de Madrid. The composition of the chalcid wasp parasitoid community associated with gall wasps in Comunidad de Madrid is discussed and compared to the same community data from the Iberian Peninsula and the Western Palaearctic. Species from the Iberian community of chalcid parasitoids that are missing from Madrid region, exclusive species and potentially present species are also commented upon. Finally two appendices are presented as follows: a list of the Chalcidoidea species reared from 73 different galls made by 71 cynipid species from Madrid with associated parasitoid records, and a final appendix with full record data of all studied material, including information on the sampling localities with X, Y georeferenced coordinates, host galls and host plants.

    Se compila y actualiza la información existente sobre la comunidad parasitoide de Chalcidoidea, asociada a agallas de cinípidos (Hymenoptera, Cynipidae en la Comunidad de Madrid. Los datos corresponden a más de 1000 registros, tanto de datos publicados, como inéditos, correspondientes a colectas en 80 localidades de Madrid efectuadas por el equipo investigador a lo largo de 23 a

  16. Neutrons field in the neutronic measurements room of the Polytechnic University of Madrid; Campo de neutrones en la sala de medidas neutronicas de la Universidad Politecnica de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vega C, H. R. [Universidad Autonoma de Zacatecas, Unidad Academica de Estudios Nucleares, Calle Cipres No. 10, Fracc. La Penuela, 98068 Zacatecas (Mexico); Gallego, E.; Lorente, A.; Rubio O, I. P., E-mail: hrvegacarrillo@yahoo.com.m [Universidad Politecnica de Madrid, Departamento de Ingenieria Nuclear, C/Jose Gutierrez Abascal No. 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2010-09-15

    Through of measurements and calculations of a Monte Carlo series has been characterized the neutronic field of the neutronic measurements room of Nuclear Engineering Department of the Polytechnic University of Madrid. The measurements were realized with the Bonner Spheres Spectrometer that allowed establish the spectra on the new stainless steel panel and at different distances measured regarding the source. The values of the speed of environmental equivalent dose were measured with an area monitor Bert hold Lb 6411. Through of Monte Carlo methods was built a detailed model of the room with the panel and the spectra were calculated and, with these the values of the environmental equivalent dose were obtained using the conversion coefficients of the ICRP 74 and the Bert hold Lb 6411 response. The calculated values were compared with those measured and was consistency among the results. (Author)

  17. La reforma de la salud mental en Madrid (1: La problemática de la salud mental en Madrid; el modelo del IINISAM.

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    Pedro E Muñoz

    1983-01-01

    Full Text Available La creación y puesta en marcha, a finales del 81, por parte de la Diputación de Madrid del INSTITUTO DE LA SALUD MENTAL como órgano de coordinación, gestión y planificación de los servicios psiquiátricos de la provincia, supuso dentro del panorama general de la asistencia psiquiátrica española un importante cambio de actitud en los gobiernos provinciales frente a aquélla. El desarrollo legislativo sanitario español había ido dejando la asistencia psiquiátrica fuera de la estructura sanitaria del Estado, al no contemplarla entre las prestaciones de la Seguridad Social, salvo en la asistencia anacrónica e inoperante de las consultas ambulatorias de Neuropsiquiatría de la Seguridad Social.

  18. Análisis procedimental y documental de un nombramiento de mayordomo de propios durante el reinado de Fernando VI Procedural and documentary analysis of "mayordomo de propios" during the reign of Ferdinand VI

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    Manuel Salamanca López

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Los mayordomos se encargaban de la gestión financiera del Concejo, llevando la contabilidad de los ingresos y gastos. Por lo que respecta a Madrid, tenemos noticias de su existencia en el capítulo CXIII del Fuero, aunque será en el siglo XV cuando se consolide como oficio de carácter unipersonal, nombrado de forma anual. En la segunda mitad del siglo XVI, el cargo se dividirá en dos, el mayordomo de los propios del Concejo y el mayordomo del pósito. Durante el reinado de Fernando VI, su designación se realizará conforme a la costumbre, si bien, en ocasiones, como es nuestro caso, se producían alteraciones en su génesis. En esa línea, analizaremos las vicisitudes acontecidas durante la elección de Antonio de Bengoa, traducidas en el análisis del procedimiento y documentación generada a lo largo de su tramitación.The "mayordomos" were responsible for the financial management of the Municipal Council, overseeing the accounting for income and expenditure. With regard to Madrid, we have news of your existence in the chapter CXXII of the "Fuero", although it will be in the 15th century, when it consolidated as office of unipersonal nature, appointed on an annual basis. In the second half of the 16th century, the office will be divided into two, the "mayordomo de los propios" of the Council and the "mayordomo del pósito". During the reign of Ferdinand VI, his nomination be made according to the custom, although, at times, as is our case, there were alterations in its genesis. In that line, we will analyze the vicissitudes occurred during the election of Antonio of Bengoa, translated into the analysis of the procedure and documentation generated during their processing.

  19. Biomonitoring of exposure to environmental pollutants in newborns and their parents in Madrid, Spain (BioMadrid: study design and field work results Biomonitorización de la exposición a contaminantes ambientales en recién nacidos y sus progenitores en Madrid (BioMadrid: diseño del estudio y resultados del trabajo de campo

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    Nuria Aragonés

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available In Spain environmental surveillance has mainly relied on measures of selected pollutants in air, water, food and soil. A study was conducted in Madrid to assess the feasibility of implementing a surveillance system of exposure among the general population to specific environmental pollutants, using bio-markers. The project was basically focused on the environment surrounding newborns. Hence, the study population was made up of 145 triplets of pregnant women at around 8 months' gestation, their partners, and newborns from two areas, representing the two main types of urban environments in the region, i.e., the City of Madrid and its outlying metropolitan belt. Multiple biologic substrates were collected from each participant in order to assess the most suitable samples for an environmental surveillance system. The selected contaminants represent the main agents to which a population like that of Madrid is exposed every day, including certain heavy metals, persistent organic pollutants and polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, as well as micronuclei in peripheral blood, a commonly used unspecific index of cytogenetic damage. In addition, passive air samplers were placed around subjects' place of residence. This paper reports in detail on the design and response rates, summarizes field work results, and discusses some lessons learned.En España, la vigilancia medioambiental se basa principalmente en medidas de ciertos contaminantes en muestras de aire, agua, alimentos y suelos. En Madrid se ha realizado un estudio para valorar la posibilidad de poner en marcha un sistema de vigilancia de exposiciones a contaminantes ambientales en la población general utilizando biomarcadores. El proyecto ha tenido como eje el estudio del entorno de los recién nacidos. Por tanto, la población de estudio la constituyen 145 «tríos» formados por mujeres en su octavo mes de embarazo, sus parejas y los recién nacidos de dos áreas geográficas, que representan los

  20. PROFESIONALES DE ATENCIÓN PRIMARIA DE MADRID Y VIOLENCIA DE PAREJA HACIA LA MUJER EN EL AÑO 2010

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    Ana Belén Arredondo-Provecho

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamentos: La morbilidad asociada a la violencia de pareja hacia la mujer (VPHM justifica que sus víctimas acudan reiteradamente a los centros de salud. La accesibilidad y continuidad asistencial hacen de la atención primaria (AP el lugar idóneo para su detección y primer abordaje. Sin embargo, los datos reflejan las dificultades de los/as profesionales para lograr este fin. El objetivo es analizar el nivel de conocimientos, opiniones, barreras organizativas percibidas y propuestas de mejora de los profesionales de AP. Método: Estudio transversal descriptivo realizado mediante una encuesta anónima y autoadministrada durante los meses de agosto y septiembre de 2010, dirigida a todos/as profesionales de AP del área 8 de Madrid. Se realizó un análisis descriptivo de variables y la chi² para comparar las respuestas obtenidas. Resultados: Tasa de respuesta 170 (21,4%. 118 (70,7% profesionales creen que este es un problema importante y 154(91,7% que habitualmente pasa desapercibido. 91(55,2% conocen las obligaciones legales que tienen cuando la detectan. 73(51,8% piensan que existen barreras organizativas. Entre ellas: presión asistencial 50(29%, falta de formación específica 40(23,5%, desconocimiento del procedimiento a seguir 20(11,8% y de las competencias de cada profesional 12(7%. Conclusiones: El nivel de conocimientos medio para todas las categorías profesionales estudiadas, excepto para trabajo social que es alto.Los/as profesionales de AP consideran que la VPHM es un problema importante que pasa desapercibido. La mitad de ellos/as conocen las obligaciones legales que conlleva la detección. Existen barreras organizativas y estereotipos.

  1. Evolución del flamenco en Madrid a través de la crítica periodística (1980-2006

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    Alfredo Grimaldos

    2006-01-01

    Quien consigue abrir al arte jondo, de forma irreversible, las publicaciones de información general es Paco de Lucía, a mediados de los 70. Desde entonces, el cante, el toque y el baile van teniendo cada vez más espacio propio en diarios y revistas. Empiezan a disfrutar de la misma consideración informativa que cualquier otro tipo de manifestación musical. La crítica especializada y el circuito flamenco estable que comienza a consolidarse en Madrid se retroalimentan. Cada vez con mayor frecuencia, hay acontecimientos interesantes de los que se puede escribir, y el reflejo de los conciertos en la prensa atrae a nuevos públicos. Las memorables Cumbres Flamencas y la actividad de los nuevos locales que van surgiendo quedan reseñados en los medios de comunicación impresos. A través de ellos se pueden rastrear los enormes cambios registrados en el universo del arte jondo durante los últimos 25 años: la aparición del llamado nuevo flamenco, la fusión con otras músicas y la necesaria vuelta a las raíces que protagonizan los intérpretes más clásicos. Las propias declaraciones de los flamencos, que encuentran ahora más eco que nunca en la prensa escrita, reflejan perfectamente su adaptación a los nuevos tiempos. Por fortuna, el arte jondo sigue todavía muy vivo y, además, continúa produciendo anécdotas divertidas y frases tan geniales y rotundas como ésta de Rancapino: El flamenco se canta con faltas de ortografía.

  2. Adherence to nutritional recommendations in vending machines at secondary schools in Madrid (Spain), 2014-2015.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monroy-Parada, Doris Xiomara; Jácome-González, María Luisa; Moya-Geromini, María Ángeles; Rodríguez-Artalejo, Fernando; Royo-Bordonada, Miguel Ángel

    2017-07-13

    To describe the nutritional content of products offered in food and drink vending machines at secondary schools in the Madrid Autonomous Community (Spain), and to evaluate these items' adherence to the nutritional recommendations of the National Health System Consensus Document on School Food. Cross-sectional study of a sample of 330 secondary schools in Madrid across the period 2014-2015. Secondary school vending machines were identified by telephone interview. The products offered in a representative sample of six machines were identified by inspection in situ, and their nutritional composition was obtained from the labelling. A total of 94.5% of the 55 products on offer failed to comply with at least one nutritional criterion of the Consensus Document on School Food. The recommendation relating to sugar content registered the highest level of non-compliance, with 52.7% of products, followed by the recommendations relating to energy (47.3%) and fats (45.5%). The mean number of unmet criteria was 2.2, with this figure being higher in foods than in drinks (2.8 versus 1; p <0.01). Almost all the products on display in secondary school vending machines in Madrid were in breach of the Consensus Document on School Food, mainly due to an excess of calories, sugars and fats. Compulsory nutritional criteria and a procedure for monitoring adherence should be established, specifying those responsible for performing this task and the corrective measures to be applied in the event of non-compliance. Copyright © 2017 SESPAS. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  3. Acanthamoeba spp. in Contact Lenses from Healthy Individuals from Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomes, Thiago dos Santos; Magnet, Angela; Izquierdo, Fernando; Vaccaro, Lucianna; Redondo, Fernando; Bueno, Sara; Sánchez, Maria Luisa; Angulo, Santiago; Fenoy, Soledad; Hurtado, Carolina; del Aguila, Carmen

    2016-01-01

    Purpose Acanthamoeba keratitis (AK) is a painful and potentially blinding corneal infection caused by Acanthamoeba spp. In Madrid, environmental studies have demonstrated a high presence of these free-living amoebae in tap water. Since most of AK cases occur in contact lenses (CL) wearers with inadequate hygiene habits, the presence of Acanthamoeba in discarded CL has been studied and compared with other common etiological agents of keratitis, such as Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. Methods One hundred and seventy-seven healthy individuals from Madrid contributed their discarded CL and answered a questionnaire on hygiene habits. DNA was extracted from the CL solution and analyzed by real-time PCR for Acanthamoeba, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Staphylococcus aureus. These CL and their solutions were also cultured on non-nutrient agar to isolate Acanthamoeba. Results Among the 177 samples, Acanthamoeba DNA was detected in 87 (49.2%), P. aeruginosa DNA in 14 (7.9%) and S. aureus DNA in 19 (10.7%). Cultivable amoebae, however, were observed in only one sample (0.6%). This isolate was genotyped as T4. The habits reported by this CL owner included some recognized risk factors for AK, but in this study only the practice of “not cleaning the CL case” presented some statistical significant association with Acanthamoeba DNA presence. Detection of the investigated bacterial DNA did not demonstrate statistical significant association with the studied practices, but the presence of P. aeruginosa revealed a possible inhibition of Acanthamoeba in these samples. Conclusions The PCR results suggest a high presence of Acanthamoeba spp. in healthy CL wearers from Madrid, but we can assume that CL solutions are properly disinfecting the CL since only 1.1% of the positive PCR samples correspond to viable amoebae and, after four years, only one participant reported stronger ocular problems. Nevertheless, more studies are necessary to corroborate this hypothesis. PMID

  4. Evidences of Paleoearthquakes in Palaeolithic settlements within fluvial sequences of the Tagus Basin (Madrid, Central Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, Pablo G.; Rodríguez Pascua, M. A.; Pérez López, R.; Giner Robles, J. L.; Roquero, E.; Tapias, F.; López Recio, M.; Rus, I.; Morin, J.

    2010-05-01

    Multiple evidences of soft-sediment to brittle deformation within the Pleistocene fluvial terraces of the Tagus, Jarama, Tajuña and Manzanares river valleys have been described since the middle 20th Century. Cryoturbation, hydroplastic deformations due to underlying karstic collapses or halokinesis on the substratum of neogene gypsums, and seismic shaking have been proposed to interpret these structures. These deformations are typically concentrated in the +18-20 m terrace levels, and closely linked to well-known Palaeolithic sites, in some cases overlaying and/or affecting true prehistoric settlements (i.e. Arganda, Arriaga and Tafesa sites) within the Jarama and Manzanares valleys. The affected settlements typically display acheulian lithic industry linked to the scavenging of large Pleistocene mammals (i.e. Elephas antiquus). Commonly, deformational structures are concentrated in relatively thin horizons (10-50 cm thick) bracketed by undeformed fluvial sands and gravels. The soft-sediment deformations usually consist on medium to fine sized sands injected and protruded in overlaying flood-plain clayey silts, showing a wide variety of convolutes, injections, sand-dikes, dish and pillar structures, mud volcanoes, faults and folds, some times it is possible to undertake their 3D geometrical analysis due to the exceptional conservation of the structures (Tafesa). Recent geo-archaeological prospecting on the for the Palaeolithic Site of Arriaga (South Madrid City) conducted during the year 2009, let to find out an exceptional horizon of deformation of about 1.20 m thick. It consisted on highly disturbed and pervasively liquefacted sands, which hardly can be attributed to no-seismic processes. The acheulian lithic industry of the Madrid Region have been classically attributed the Late Middle Pleistocene (Comunidad de Madrid, AUDEMA S.A. (Proyecto Arriaga-2009). This is a contribution of GQM-AEQUA.

  5. [Spatial analysis of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in a Public Health Service in Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wijers, Irene G M; Sánchez Gómez, Amaya; Taveira Jiménez, Jose Antonio

    2017-06-21

    Sexually transmitted diseases are a significant public health problem. Within the Madrid Autonomous Region, the districts with the highest syphilis and gonorrhea incidences are part of the same Public Health Service (Servicio de Salud Pública del Área 7, SSPA 7). The objective of this study was to identify, by spatial analysis, clusters of syphilis and gonorrhea infections in this SSPA in Madrid. All confirmed syphilis and gonorrhea cases registered in SSPA 7 in Madrid were selected. Moran's I was calculated in order to identify the existence of spatial autocorrelation and a cluster analysis was performed. Clusters and cumulative incidences (CI) per health zone were mapped. The district with most cases was Centro (CI: 67.5 and 160.7 per 100.000 inhabitants for syphilis and gonorrhea, respectively) with the highest CI (120.0 and 322.6 per 100.000 inhabitants) in the Justicia health zone.91.6% of all syphilis cases and 89.6% of gonorrhea cases were among men who have sex with men (MSM). Moran's I was 0.54 and 0.55 (p=0.001) for syphilis and gonorrhea, respectively. For syphilis, a cluster was identified including the six health zones of the Centro district, with a relative risk (RR)of 6.66 (p=0.001). For gonorrhea, a cluster was found including the Centro district, three health zones of the Chamberí district and one of Latina (RR 5.05; p=0.001). Centro was the district with most cases of syphilis and gonorrhea and the most affected population were MSM. For both infections, clusters were found with an important overlap. By identifying the most vulnerable health zones and populations, these results can help to design public health measures for preventing sexually transmitted diseases.

  6. Estimating Strain Accumulation in the New Madrid and Wabash Valley Seismic Zones

    Science.gov (United States)

    Craig, T. J.; Calais, E.

    2014-12-01

    The mechanical behaviour -- and hence earthquake potential -- of faults in continental interiors is a question of critical importance for the resultant seismic hazard, but no consensus has yet been reached on this controversial topic. The debate has focused on the central and eastern United States, in particular the New Madrid Seismic Zone, struck by three magnitude 7 or greater earthquakes in 1811--1812, and to a lesser extent the Wabash Valley Seismic Zone just to the north. A key aspect of this issue is the rate at which strain is currently accruing on those faults in the plate interior, a quantity that remains debated. Understanding if the present-day strain rates indicate sufficient motion to account for the historical and paleoseismological earthquakes by steady-state fault behaviour, or if strain accumulation is time-dependent in this area, is critical for investigating the causative process driving this seismicity in the plate interior, and how regional strain reflects the interplay between stresses arising from different geological processes. Here we address this issue with an analysis of up to 14 years of continuous GPS data from a network of 200 sites in the central United States centred on the New Madrid and Wabash Valley seismic zones. We find that high-quality sites in these regions show motions that are consistently within the 95% confidence limit of zero deformation relative to a rigid background. These results place an upper bound on regional strain accrual of 0.2 mm/yr and 0.5 mm/yr in the New Madrid and Wabash Valley Seismic Zones, respectively. These results, together with increasing evidence for temporal clustering and spatial migration of earthquake sequences in continental interiors, indicate that either tectonic loading rates or fault properties vary with time in the NMSZ and possibly plate-wide.

  7. Traffic light – nutrition labelling: knowledge, perception and use in consumers of Madrid, Spain

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    Karimen Andrea León-Flández

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Describe knowledge, comprehension level, perception and use of traffic light labelling in consumers of Madrid.Material and Methods: A two phases, cross-sectional study design, carried out in Madrid, in 2012. Our sample was recruited randomly, and interviewed using a questionnaire designed for this purpose. Consumers of 7 stores of main supermarket chains in Madrid were questioned. Information about knowledge, comprehension, perception and use of traffic light labelling (TLL was collected. Analyses examined the frequency of the variables of interest. Differences were tested using the χ2 test.Results: The response rate was 80.6% (first phase and 97.8% (second phase. Consumers that knew the TLL and understood its color-coding system were 41.4% and 18.6% respectively. From the participants that knew the TLL system, 61.5% thought it was very useful (80% among those >65 years and 90% among those with primary studies; p>0.05. Just 31.4% of consumers habitually used TLL to buy their products (70% among those with primary studies; p=0.04. This percentage was higher in consumers that understood the color-coding system (second phase (66.6%; p<0.01.Conclusions: The level of TLL’s knowledge and comprehension was low. Consumers that know TLL, consider it a useful nutrition instrument. Those who understand, use it habitually to buy their products, especially consumers older than 65 years old and with primary studies. A widespread introduction of this system in Spain might contribute to improve food and eating habits, especially elderly people and less educated.

  8. Situation of the companies of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of legionelosis in Madrid

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    Consuelo de Garrastazu Díaz

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The control of the hygienic maintenance of the facilities of legionelosis risk is verified through three types of performances: the notifications of cooling towers and evaporative condensers, the registry of the companies that make these treatments and the regulated formation of the personnel who makes these. In addition, by means of the sanitary inspection the correct operation of this mechanism of monitoring and control is verified.In relation to the companies that make the hygienic maintenance, it has been made a temporary analysis front to other companies of biocidas services, being stated that is basically that already they made biocide control services (companies DDD. In the Community of Madrid and as opposed to the criteria adopted by other communities, it is demanded that these companies count on warehouse own or subcontracted or that justify an adapted product management, so that it is always under the supervision off personnel specialized for his use. Also, it is demanded that this companies have a Technical Director, who takes responsibility of the procedures of performance and made treatments. In whatever to the accomplishment of treatments by part of companies registered in other communities, at the moment is not necessary registry of these in Madrid if they do not have social or industrial address, being able to make the maintenance if this activity is properly registered in the community where they are located.The Community of Madrid is accredited for the authorization of courses for personnel who conducts operations of hygienic maintenance of facilities of risk of Legionella, counting at the present with 26 courses authorized. The pursuit of these courses is made by means of the exigency of a previous notification to the edition celebration and the accomplishment of inspection and audit to the teaching institutions.

  9. Population cardiovascular health and urban environments: the Heart Healthy Hoods exploratory study in Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bilal, Usama; Díez, Julia; Alfayate, Silvia; Gullón, Pedro; Del Cura, Isabel; Escobar, Francisco; Sandín, María; Franco, Manuel

    2016-08-22

    Our aim is to conduct an exploratory study to provide an in-depth characterization of a neighborhood's social and physical environment in relation to cardiovascular health. A mixed-methods approach was used to better understand the food, alcohol, tobacco and physical activity domains of the urban environment. We conducted this study in an area of 16,000 residents in Madrid (Spain). We obtained cardiovascular health and risk factors data from all residents aged 45 and above using Electronic Health Records from the Madrid Primary Health Care System. We used several quantitative audit tools to assess: the type and location of food outlets and healthy food availability; tobacco and alcohol points of sale; walkability of all streets and use of parks and public spaces. We also conducted 11 qualitative interviews with key informants to help understanding the relationships between urban environment and cardiovascular behaviors. We integrated quantitative and qualitative data following a mixed-methods merging approach. Electronic Health Records of the entire population of the area showed similar prevalence of risk factors compared to the rest of Madrid/Spain (prevalence of diabetes: 12 %, hypertension: 34 %, dyslipidemia: 32 %, smoking: 10 %, obesity: 20 %). The food environment was very dense, with many small stores (n = 44) and a large food market with 112 stalls. Residents highlighted the importance of these small stores for buying healthy foods. Alcohol and tobacco environments were also very dense (n = 91 and 64, respectively), dominated by bars and restaurants (n = 53) that also acted as food services. Neighbors emphasized the importance of drinking as a socialization mechanism. Public open spaces were mostly used by seniors that remarked the importance of accessibility to these spaces and the availability of destinations to walk to. This experience allowed testing and refining measurement tools, drawn from epidemiology, geography, sociology and

  10. GUMNET - A new long-term monitoring initiative in the Guadarrama Mountains, Madrid, Spain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rath, Volker; Fidel González Rouco, J.; Yagüe Anguis, Carlos

    2014-05-01

    We are announcing a new monitoring network in the Guadarrama Mountains north of Madrid, which is planned to be operational in early 2015. This network integrates atmospheric measurements as well as subsurface observations. It aims at improving the characterization of atmosphere-ground interactions in mountainous terrain, the hydrometeorology of the region, climatic change, and related research lines. It will also provide the meteorological and climate data which form the necessary background information for biological, agricultural and hydrological investigations in this area. Currently, the initiative is supported by research groups from the Complutense and Polytechnical Universities of Madrid (UCM and UPM), the Centro de Investigaciones Energéticas, Medioambientales y Tecnológicas (CIEMAT), the Spanish National Meteorological Agency (AEMET), and finally the Parque Nacional de la Sierra de Guadarrama (PNSG). This infrastructure forms part of the Campus of Excellence Moncloa, and is supposed to become a focus of local as well as of international research. However, it is not associated with a particular project: data will in principle be available to the scientific and public communities. Also, the integration of new instruments (long or short term) will be welcome. The starting setup is as following: A group of WMO-compatible meteorological station in the central area of the massif will be installed, which include also a subsurface component of boreholes (≡20 m depth), where temperature and moisture will be measured. This core group is complemented by a reference site near El Escorial (including a fixed and a mobile tower for micrometeorological investigations). This setup is embedded in a network of meteorological stations run partly by AEMET and partly by the PNSG, which will provide the information necessary for the characterization of regional meteorology and climate. Finally, part of the data will be made available quasi-online on a central web server in

  11. Conductas sexuales de riesgo y prevalencia de infección por VIH en hombres con prácticas homo/bisexuales en la comunidad de Madrid

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    Cañellas S.

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Fundamento: Analizar las conductas sexuales de riesgo para la infección por VIH, el uso de medidas de prevención y la prevalencia autoinformada de infección por VIH en varones asociados a una de las principales asociaciones de homosexuales de la Comunidad de Madrid. Metodos: Estudio transversal realizado durante 1997-1998, mediante un cuestionario anónimo remitido por correo. Se analizan las características sociodemográficas, la frecuencia de uso del preservativo en las distintas prácticas sexuales con la pareja estable y con las ocasionales, la prevalencia autoinformada de VIH y otros aspectos relacionados. Resultados: Se obtuvieron 157 cuestionarios de varones homosexuales y bisexuales. Su edad media fue de 32 años y el 85% tenía estudios medios o superiores. En los últimos 3 meses: el 56% tuvo relaciones con más de un hombre; el 70,6% practicó la penetración anal insertiva con pareja estable y el 57,4% con contactos ocasionales, de los que sólo el 32,5% y el 61,1% respectivamente utilizaron siempre el preservativo. La penetración anal receptiva la realizaron el 69,7% con pareja estable y el 39,4% con contactos ocasionales, utilizando siempre el preservativo el 32,5% y el 78,4% respectivamente. El 86,6% tuvieron relaciones oro-genitales y menos del 10% utilizaron siempre el preservativo. 137 hombres conocían su estado serológico y el 15,2% resultó VIH positivo. El 10,2% padeció alguna ETS durante el último año. Conclusiones: Un importante porcentaje de entrevistados mantiene prácticas de riesgo (varias parejas y relaciones sexuales de alto riesgo sin protección que, asociado a una prevalencia de infección elevada, puede traducirse en una importante tasa de seroconversión.

  12. Determinación del intervalo postmortem mediante el estudio de la sucesión de insectos en dos cadáveres hallados en el interior de una finca rústica en Madrid Assessment of post-mortem interval through the study of the insect succession in two corpses found indoors in a country house in Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.M. García-Rojo

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available En este artículo se presenta un caso estudiado en el Laboratorio de Entomología Forense de la Sección de Antropología de la Comisaría General de Policía Científica (Cuerpo Nacional de Policía. En él, se analizaron muestras entomológicas recogidas en dos cadáveres durante la práctica de la Inspección Ocular Técnico Policial, llevada a cabo en la localidad de Fuenlabrada, sita en la zona Sur de Madrid (España, Región Paleártica. Los dos cadáveres, en avanzado estado de descomposición, fueron encontrados en el interior de una finca rústica en invierno del año 2001. Las evidencias de interés forense recogidas consistieron en dípteros de las Familias Calliphoridae, Muscidae y Phoridae y Coleoptera de las Familias Cleridae, Dermestidae e Histeridae. Además, arácnidos que permitieron afirmar la compatibilidad de los especímenes con el entorno. La sucesión de los insectos recogidos permitió estimar el intervalo post-mortem en un año.In this paper, it is reported a case which was studied in the Forensic Entomology Laboratory belonging to the Anthropology Section from the General Department of the Scientific Police (Spanish National Police. We analysed entomological evidences collected during death scene investigation performed in Fuenlabrada, south of Madrid administrative region (Spain, Paleartic Region. Both corpses, in advanced decomposition stage, were found indoors in a country house in winter 2001. Samples collected consisted of Diptera identified as Calliphoridae, Muscidae and Phoridae Families; Coleoptera corresponding to Cleridae, Dermestidae and Histeridae ones. Furthermore, spiders which allowed us to confirm the compatibility with the place where carcasses were found. The study of the insect succession allowed the estimation of post-mortem interval in one year.

  13. Contribution to the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area. Contribucion de las exploraciones de radiodiagnostico la dosis geneticamente significativa en el area de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Delgado, V.; Vano, E.; Moran, P.; Fernandez, A.; Calzado, A.; Gonzalez, L. (Universidad Complutense de Madrid (Spain). Facultad de Medicina)

    1992-01-01

    The results of the determination of genetically significant dose owing to radiodiagnostic methods in the Madrid area are presented. The value obtained for this magnitude is 220+- 60 mu G y. The values for child expectancy, on the basis of age and sex, the number of each type of exploration per 1000 inhabitants per year, distributed according to sex and age, and the values corresponding to the dose in gonads for each probe are also presented. The sample was obtained from 4 large hospitals in the Madrid area, 2 outpatient clinics and some private centers, affording a total of some 700 determinations of dose in gonads. (author)

  14. Politics of civility: the case of the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2013-01-01

    The mobilization of undocumented immigrants in civil society reflects the politics of civility, defined by Balibar as the creation of a space for an inclusive political community based on equality. The case analysed in this article, the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid, refers...... to a group of undocumented sellers of pirate products who decide to organize and claim their contribution to society. The Association aims to change the legislation both as undocumented and as sellers of illegal products (i.e. ‘institutional change’), but in order to become equal members of the community...

  15. El acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales en la Comunidad de Madrid

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    Calatrava, Ascensión

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the access of the immigrants to the social services and the use that make of the benefits and basic services, determining its degree of satisfaction on such. For it, the first part presents the policies of integration of the immigrants who are carried out in the Community of Madrid, analyzing itself next the degree of use of the different social services on the part of the groups of more significant immigrants that they reside in the Community of Madrid and distinguishing his use in regard to sex and of age. The third part of the work gathers a series of directed proposals to improve the access of the immigrants to the social services as well as a set of final considerations that can mark the way of future tending investigations that the immigrants and the society of welcome can through the mutual knowledge, to harmonize their perceptions.

    El artículo analiza el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales y el uso que hacen de las prestaciones y servicios básicos, determinando su grado de satisfacción sobre los mismos. Para ello, la primera parte presenta las políticas de integración de los inmigrantes que se llevan a cabo en la Comunidad de Madrid, analizándose a continuación el grado de utilización de los distintos servicios sociales por parte de los grupos de inmigrantes más significativos que residen en la Comunidad de Madrid y distinguiéndose su uso en razón de sexo y de edad. La tercera parte del trabajo recoge una serie de propuestas dirigidas a mejorar el acceso de los inmigrantes a los servicios sociales así como un conjunto de consideraciones finales que pueden marcar el camino de futuras investigaciones tendentes a que los inmigrantes y la sociedad de acogida puedan a través del conocimiento mutuo, armonizar sus percepciones.

  16. Reconciling short recurrence intervals with minor deformation in the new madrid seismic zone.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweig, E S; Ellis, M A

    1994-05-27

    At least three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone in 1811 and 1812. Estimates of present-day strain rates suggest that such events may have a repeat time of 1000 years or less. Paleoseismological data also indicate that earthquakes large enough to cause soil liquefaction have occurred several times in the past 5000 years. However, pervasive crustal deformation expected from such a high frequency of large earthquakes is not observed. This suggests that the seismic zone is a young feature, possibly as young as several tens of thousands of years old and no more than a few million years old.

  17. Evidence for New Madrid earthquakes in A.D. 300 and 2350 B.C

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tuttle, M.P.; Schweig, E. S.; Campbell, J.; Thomas, P.M.; Sims, J.D.; Lafferty, R. H.

    2005-01-01

    Six episodes of earthquake-induced liquefaction are associated with soil horizons containing artifacts of the Late Archaic (3000-500 B.C.) and Early to Middle Woodland (500 B.C.-A.D. 400) cultural periods at the Burkett archaeological site in the northern part of the New Madrid seismic zone, where little information about prehistoric earthquakes has been available. Radiocarbon dating of organic material and analysis of artifacts are used to estimate the ages of the liquefaction features and times of the causative earthquakes. The most recent episode of liquefaction occurred after A.D. 1670, produced small sand dikes, and is probably related to the 1895 Charleston, Missouri earthquake. The preceding episode struck the area in A.D. 300 ?? 200 years and generated a sand blow that contains Late Woodland artifacts and buries an Early to Middle Woodland cultural horizon. Four older episodes of liquefaction occurred in 2350 B.C. ?? 200 years and may have been produced by a sequence of closely timed earthquakes. The four earlier episodes produced graben structures, sand dikes, and associated sand blows on which a cultural mound was constructed. The Burkett liquefaction features that formed about 2350 B.C. and A.D. 300 are relatively large and similar in age to other liquefaction features in northeastern Arkansas and southeastern Missouri, respectively. If the prehistoric features at the Burkett site and those of similar age elsewhere in the region are the result of the same earthquakes, then this suggests that they were similar in size to the three largest (M 7-8) 1811-1812 New Madrid earthquakes. A New Madrid-type earthquake in A.D. 300 ?? 200 years would support an average recurrence time of 500 years. Although this study extends the earthquake chronology back to 2500 B.C., it is uncertain that the record of New Madrid events is complete for the period between 2350 B.C. and A.D. 300. As demonstrated by this study, information about other prehistoric earthquakes may be

  18. Materiales pétreos tradicionales de construcción en Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Martín Moreno, Sandra

    1994-01-01

    Este trabajo de investigación trata de recopilar, analizar y sistematizar los distintos materiales litológicos que se han empleado en el pasado de Madrid, investigando después su cuantía, evolución, comportamiento y síntesis tipológica. Se conocen diversas publicaciones referentes a esos materiales, pero en la bibliografía existente hay importantes lagunas y se carece de un estudio global. Apenas si hay alguna revisión elemental del conjunto de yacimientos (fuentes posibles de aprovisionam...

  19. Shopping centers as attractive spaces for urban mobility. The case of the Community of Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristina López García de Leániz

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Malls have become important focal points of trips in the outskirts of major urban conurbations. These trips take place predominantly in private vehicles, this compromising the objectives of sustainable mobility policies set by most of the metropolis. This article aims at characterizing the mobility patterns attracted by shopping malls within the Madrid metropolitan area. It is based on surveys carried out in eleven large commercial centers. Its departing hypothesis underlines that the location of shopping centers largely determines its incoming travel patterns. Therefore, from the standpoint of public policy, solutions should be addressed more from the perspective of urban planning that from the improvement of infrastructure and transport services.

  20. Los albores del nuevo Madrid: el distrito de Arganzuela (1860-1878)

    OpenAIRE

    Vicente Albarrán, Fernando

    2006-01-01

    El distrito de Arganzuela surge al sur de Madrid a mediados del XIX como una alternativa residencial popular a una ciudad con graves problemas de hacinamiento poblacional. Un conjunto de promociones inmobiliarias, realizadas al margen de la legalidad darán lugar a un caserío pobre que acoge a la inmigración que la ciudad era incapaz de absorber. La puesta en marcha del Ensanche de la capital en 1860 intentará ordenar ese crecimiento; en el nuevo distrito urbano creado se expresarán las contra...

  1. Factores individuales relacionados con la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    El presente estudio, tiene como objetivo principal el estudio de la relación entre los factores individuales y la reincidencia delictiva en menores infractores de la Comunidad de Madrid. Participaron 145 adolescentes (114 hombres y 31 mujeres), con edades comprendidas de los 14 a 19 años, que estaban cumpliendo condena en el momento de la investigación en centros de menores de la CAM, por haber cometido algún delito. Entre los principales delitos se encuentran; el robo, maltarato famili...

  2. San Cristóbal de los Ángeles [Madrid]: Informe preliminar

    OpenAIRE

    Gutiérrez Valdivia, Blanca Alexandra

    2010-01-01

    El presente documento es parte del trabajo desarrollado en el proyecto “Inmigración, vivienda y Ciudad” financiado por el Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación En esta investigación se trata de establecer una relación entre condiciones residenciales precarias y entorno urbano deficiente. San Cristóbal de los Ángeles, en el distrito de Villaverde en Madrid, es uno de los barrios seleccionados para realizar el análisis sobre las características residenciales y urbanísticas de la población in...

  3. Resonancias de los paradigmas científicos en las arquitecturas de la Escuela de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Ortega Barnuevo, Gonzalo

    2014-01-01

    Los años cincuenta y sesenta son los años de la incorporación definitiva de la arquitectura española al panorama internacional. Entre los arquitectos que protagonizan ese salto sin retorno, se encuentra el grupo de aquellos que unos años más tarde serán denominados por Juan Daniel Fullaondo como Escuela de Madrid. Carlos Flores, en su libro Arquitectura Española Contemporánea 1880-1950, se refiere a esos arquitectos como aquellos que se aplicaban a la difícil tarea de restablecer en España un...

  4. Actividades de ocio y calidad de vida de los mayores en la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Lardiés Bosque, Raúl; Rojo Pérez, Fermina; Rodríguez Rodríguez, Vicente; Fernández-Mayoralas,Gloria; Prieto Flores, María Eugenia; Ahmed Mohamed, Karim; Rojo Abuín, José Manuel

    2013-01-01

    En este trabajo se analiza la relación existente entre la práctica de actividades de ocio y las condiciones personales y de vida de la población mayor, y su influencia en la Calidad de Vida (CdV) global. Los datos proceden de una muestra representativa de 499 encuestados con 65 o más años de edad que residen en viviendas familiares de la Comunidad de Madrid. Se utilizan indicadores objetivos y subjetivos relativos a la dimensión del ocio y otros atributos de la CdV a la edad anciana, y se apl...

  5. Industrias cerámicas históricas de Madrid: hornos continuos y sus chimeneas

    OpenAIRE

    2002-01-01

    Hemos inventariado diversas chimeneas correspondientes a industrias ladrilleras históricas. Estas industrias se ubican en las zonas geológicas favorables y responden a un cambio productivo iniciado a partir de 1880, que supuso el paso revolucionario del sistema discontinuo a hornos continuos. Las tres chimeneas identificadas han sido estudiadas en el marco de un proyecto de investigación de la Consejería de Educación de la Comunidad de Madrid titulado: Arqueología Industrial: Conservación del...

  6. On year Study of Atmospheric Polychlorinated Biphenyls in a Selected Area of Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Garcia Alonso, S.; Perez Pastor, R. M.; Sevillano Castano, M. L.

    2002-07-01

    Monthly ambient air and surface soil samples were taken for analysis in the outskirts of Madrid in an open urban area from November 1998 to October 1999. Thirty-one congeners were selected according to their abundance in environmental samples. A comparison of the data so produced with concentration levels obtained in urban centre samples and compiled data was performed. Temperatures higher than 10 degree centigree resulted in increasing ambient air levis and a peak concentration was also observed when wind velocity ranged between 2.5 and 3.5 m.s''-1. (Author) 27 refs.

  7. Potencial de uso de la bicicleta en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid.

    OpenAIRE

    Monzón de Cáceres, Andrés; La Paix Puello, Lissy Cesarina; Rondinella, Gianni

    2008-01-01

    Este artículo presenta los resultados de un estudio sobre el potencial de uso de la bicicleta en la Ciudad Universitaria de Madrid. El objetivo principal de la investigación es la estimación de la demanda de usuarios de un sistema de bicicleta pública de préstamo entre estudiantes y trabajadores dentro del recinto universitario. El estudio permite definir las características principales de los potenciales usuarios de bici en una zona universitaria, sus preferencias en el diseño de un sistema ...

  8. Molecular, epidemiological and infectivity characterisation of a Mycobacterium tuberculosis strain prevalent in Madrid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín, A; Chaves, F; Iñigo, J; Alonso, M; Sola, C; Rastogi, N; Ruiz Serrano, M J; Palenque, E; Bouza, E; García de Viedma, D

    2007-12-01

    The most prevalent strain of Mycobacterium tuberculosis in Madrid, Spain (strain 5) was recovered from 45 cases between 1997 and 2004 and showed a highly homogeneous genetic composition. This strain was not exclusive to Spain, and its spoligotyping signature (ST20) was found in entries from different countries in the SITVIT1 database. Patients infected with strain 5 were more frequently positive for human immunodeficiency virus and autochthonous, and had been in prison more frequently, but strain 5 did not show increased infectivity in an in-vitro model of infection.

  9. Antonio Palacios y el ferrocarril metropolitano. Patrimonio Industrial en el Metro de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Olivares Abengozar, Susana

    2013-01-01

    Antonio Palacios Ramilo, relevante arquitecto de la 1ª mitad del siglo XX, responsable de emblemáticos edificios del centro de la capital (Círculo de Bellas Artes, Palacio de Correos...), es también autor de otro tipo de arquitectura mucho menos conocida. En su calidad de arquitecto oficial de la Compañía Metropolitana Alfonso XIII, diseñó no sólo las estaciones, bocas y templetes del metro de Madrid, sino también toda una serie de edificios auxiliares entre los que destacan las centrales y s...

  10. Los Rumiantes (Artiodactyla, Mammalia del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Morales, J.

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This article is a preliminary study of the fossil ruminants found in the Early Miocene site of La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. The morphological description of dentition and postcranial bones, along with the metrical and comparative study with material from localities of similar age in France and Spain has allowed us to confirm the presence of two Pecoran ruminants in La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. and a larger species related to Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Although the identification in one of the cases should be confirmed with more material, the record in the Madrid Bassin would represent new information regarding the known biogeographical distribution of both taxa. The systematic position of Andegameryx and Teruelia is still under discussion, but both forms are clearly distinct from the Cervoidea ruminants found in Europe and the Iberian Peninsula at the same age, such as Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx or Dremotherium.Este trabajo constituye un estudio preliminar de los restos de rumiantes fósiles hallados en el yacimiento del Mioceno inferior de La Encinilla (Colmenar Viejo, Madrid. La descripción morfológica de la dentición y del esqueleto postcraneal, así como el estudio métrico y comparativo con material procedente de localidades francesas y españolas de edad similar ha permitido constatar hasta el momento la presencia de dos formas de rumiantes Pecora en La Encinilla: Andegameryx sp. y un rumiante de mayor talla relacionado con Teruelia Moyá-Solá, 1987. Aunque la identificación en uno de los casos necesitaría confirmarse con más material, la presencia de estas dos formas en la Cuenca de Madrid ampliaría la distribución biogeográfica conocida para ambos taxones. La posición sistemática de Andegameryx y Teruelia permanece abierta a discusión, pero ambos géneros se diferencian de los Cervoidea del Mioceno inferior encontrados en Europa y la Península Ibérica, tales como Amphitragulus, Oriomeryx, Bedenomeryx

  11. Miedo y consumo:el encerramiento habitacional en México y Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    2004-01-01

    El paisaje, la funcionalidad y la conectividad urbana se vieron transformados a finales del siglo XX, con el surgimiento de nuevas estructuras, en donde la vivienda se presenta como parte de unas mini ciudades fortificadas y que son resultado de diversas fuerzas económico-culturales del capitalismo actual. Específicamente planteamos la hipótesis de que los desarrollos habitacionales para las clases altas en la Ciudad de México y Madrid, en los cuales los agentes inmobiliarios promueven el ais...

  12. [Analysis of non-EU immigrant population within the hemodialys program of the region of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    González Parra, E; López Gómez, J M

    2005-01-01

    Many hemodialysis patients from foreign countries arrived to be dialized in Madrid. They cames from all around the world, especially South America and Morroco. This group is younger (46.2 + 14.2 years) than the control group. Most of them initiated dialysis without a previous Nephrological check-up (62 %). In the foreign group the primary renal diseases were similar to the control group, however they also had many other health unusual problems. Most of them (71 %) started hemodialysis without ever having permanent hemodialysis vascular access, and 25 % were not able to speak spanish, or other European languages. This caused many problems in administering correct treatment.

  13. The Music Archive of La Encarnación monastery from Madrid, in Montserrat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Codina

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Study of the historical events around the purchase of the musical archive of ‘La Encarnación’ of Madrid by Montserrat Abbey and the political reasons that created a climate of secrecy in this case; we write down the names of the composers appearing in the archive of those musical chapel and we establish a list of its chapel masters. We registrate as well the other parts (choirbooks of old polyphony by Flemish authors working at the court of Philip II, and others coming with this archive.

  14. Politics of civility: the case of the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2013-01-01

    The mobilization of undocumented immigrants in civil society reflects the politics of civility, defined by Balibar as the creation of a space for an inclusive political community based on equality. The case analysed in this article, the Association of Undocumented People of Madrid, refers...... to a group of undocumented sellers of pirate products who decide to organize and claim their contribution to society. The Association aims to change the legislation both as undocumented and as sellers of illegal products (i.e. ‘institutional change’), but in order to become equal members of the community...

  15. La farmacia en el sistema penitenciario español: el centro penitenciario Madrid III (Valdemoro)

    OpenAIRE

    Algora Donosol, María Isabel

    2012-01-01

    Este estudio parte de una reflexión sobre la sanidad penitenciaria en el momento actual y analiza el trabajo realizado por los farmacéuticos en el ámbito de dichas instituciones, atendiendo a las características de la población penitenciaria. El objetivo primordial que se persigue es mostrar en profundidad el funcionamiento asistencial y la gestión farmacéutica del Centro Penitenciario de Valdemoro - Madrid III, una de las siete prisiones ubicadas en esta Comunidad Autónoma.

  16. Remodelación del estadio Santiago Bernabéu, Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Alemany Indarte, Luis; Alemany Indarte, Rafael; Blanco, Pedro Juan

    1981-01-01

    Not available.

    Desde 1944 en que se concede el primer premio del Concurso para el Campo de Fútbol del Real Madrid Club de Fútbol a los Arquitectos don Luis Alemany Soler y don Manuel Muñoz Monasterio, han transcurrido 38 años. De ellos, dos de obras, desde mayo de 1945 en que se adjudican las obras a HUARTE y Compañía, S. L., hasta el 14 de diciembre de 1947 en que se inauguró el nuevo Estadio, y otros 36, de grandes acontecimientos futbolísticos, en los que el edificio ha ...

  17. Support Vector Regression Algorithms in the Forecasting of Daily Maximums of Tropospheric Ozone Concentration in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortiz-García, E. G.; Salcedo-Sanz, S.; Pérez-Bellido, A. M.; Gascón-Moreno, J.; Portilla-Figueras, A.

    In this paper we present the application of a support vector regression algorithm to a real problem of maximum daily tropospheric ozone forecast. The support vector regression approach proposed is hybridized with an heuristic for optimal selection of hyper-parameters. The prediction of maximum daily ozone is carried out in all the station of the air quality monitoring network of Madrid. In the paper we analyze how the ozone prediction depends on meteorological variables such as solar radiation and temperature, and also we perform a comparison against the results obtained using a multi-layer perceptron neural network in the same prediction problem.

  18. Primer hallazgo de Micromamíferos de edad turoliense en la Cuenca de Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Calvo, J. P.

    1992-08-01

    Full Text Available The Neogene succession cropping out in Mesa de Ocaña (southern Madrid Basin contains a variety of deposits that belong to the so-called Miocene Lower, Intermediate and Upper Units. In this area, the Miocene Upper Unit is formed of terrigenous deposits that grade both laterally and in vertical to palustrine and/or shallow lacustrine carbonate facies. Intercalated with the latter deposits, a large accumulation of fossil micromammal remains has been recognized (Canteras de Iberia mammal site. This site has yielded a fossil mammal association of late Turolian age (MN 13 unit indicative of relatively warm and arid paleoclimatic conditions. The Canteras de Iberia mammal site constitutes the first occurrence of fossil mammals of Turolian age within the Neogene sedimentary record of the Madrid Basin. This occurrence allows to precise the chronostratigraphy of the Miocene Upper Unit of the basin.La Mesa de Ocaña, situada en la parte más meridional de la Cuenca de Madrid, está constituida por una sucesión Neógena dentro de la que se reconocen las Unidades Inferior, Intermedia y Superior del Mioceno de esta cuenca. La Unidad Superior en este área está formada por depósitos detríticos que gradan lateralmente y verticalmente a depósitos carbonáticos de carácter palustre y/o lacustre somero. En estos niveles se ha reconocido la presencia de una importante acumulación de restos de micromamíferos (Yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia que ha suministrado abundantes restos correspondientes a las órdenes Rodentia, Lagomorpha e Insectívora. La asociación faunística obtenida es característica del Turoliense Superior (unidad MN13 y, desde el punto de vista paleocológico, sugiere condiciones climáticas relativamente cálidas y áridas. El yacimiento de Canteras de Iberia constituye el primer yacimiento de edad Turoliense encontrado dentro del registro sedimentario Neógeno de la Cuenca de Madrid permitiendo precisar la edad de la Unidad Superior del

  19. Uso indicado e uso referido de medicamentos durante a gravidez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro

    Full Text Available Poucos estudos descrevem a utilização de medicamentos na gravidez com detalhamento de práticas prescritivas. A pesquisa integra grande inquérito sobre atenção perinatal em hospitais do Município do Rio de Janeiro. A natureza do hospital - se pública, contratada/conveniada ao SUS ou privada - determinou estratificação de 10.072 puérperas internadas. A coleta de dados se deu por entrevista e por consulta a prontuários, cobrindo medicamentos utilizados durante a gravidez e prescritos durante a internação hospitalar quando do parto. Medicamentos foram classificados pela ATC e outro sistema para casos especiais de uso referido. Houve média de 2,08 medicamentos prescritos no parto e 2,3 usados durante a gestação, sendo os mais prescritos anestésicos, antibióticos, ocitocina e analgésicos, com diferenças significativas entre estratos, e os mais referidos sulfato ferroso, vitaminas, escopolamina e paracetamol. Para interromper a gravidez, 49,7% relatam o uso de chás e 9,2% de misoprostol. O perfil de utilização é corroborado pela literatura. A pesquisa oferece oportunidade de conhecimento de padrões de prescrição ao parto e de uso referido durante a gestação nos setores público e privado.

  20. Uso indicado e uso referido de medicamentos durante a gravidez

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Osorio-de-Castro Claudia Garcia Serpa

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Poucos estudos descrevem a utilização de medicamentos na gravidez com detalhamento de práticas prescritivas. A pesquisa integra grande inquérito sobre atenção perinatal em hospitais do Município do Rio de Janeiro. A natureza do hospital - se pública, contratada/conveniada ao SUS ou privada - determinou estratificação de 10.072 puérperas internadas. A coleta de dados se deu por entrevista e por consulta a prontuários, cobrindo medicamentos utilizados durante a gravidez e prescritos durante a internação hospitalar quando do parto. Medicamentos foram classificados pela ATC e outro sistema para casos especiais de uso referido. Houve média de 2,08 medicamentos prescritos no parto e 2,3 usados durante a gestação, sendo os mais prescritos anestésicos, antibióticos, ocitocina e analgésicos, com diferenças significativas entre estratos, e os mais referidos sulfato ferroso, vitaminas, escopolamina e paracetamol. Para interromper a gravidez, 49,7% relatam o uso de chás e 9,2% de misoprostol. O perfil de utilização é corroborado pela literatura. A pesquisa oferece oportunidade de conhecimento de padrões de prescrição ao parto e de uso referido durante a gestação nos setores público e privado.

  1. "Masonerías en Cuba durante el siglo XIX"

    OpenAIRE

    Eduardo Torres Cuevas

    2011-01-01

    Esta investigación analiza el desarrollo de las masonerías cubanas durante el siglo XIX y sus relaciones con los principales procesos políticos, económicos y sociales de la Isla, en especial con los de emancipación y de llegada de ideas liberales, civilistas, laicas y seculares. Asimismo, este trabajo funciona como un estado de cuestión sobre lo escrito con respecto al específico objeto de estudio.

  2. Dispersión urbana. Estudio de la comunidad de Madrid por corredores y su dependencia del centro

    OpenAIRE

    Guzman Garcia, Luis Angel; Hoz Sánchez, Daniel de la

    2008-01-01

    Analizando la evolución de la movilidad de la Comunidad de Madrid bajo un contexto de un sistema equilibrado enfocado a la reducción de costes totales de transporte y escenarios más eficientes, es decir, hacia una movilidad más sostenible, se tiene que el gran aumento de la motorización y la dependencia del coche, no contribuyen a este objetivo. Entre 1996 y 2004 la movilidad en Madrid ha aumentado casi en un 40%, debido principalmente al crecimiento de la población, pero también a que las pe...

  3. La industria del cuero en la Villa y tierra de Madrid a finales de la Edad Media

    OpenAIRE

    Mendo Carmona, Concepción

    1990-01-01

    La artesanía del curtido fue una de las industrias de más arraigo en la Villa. Oliver Asín remonta sus orígenes al momento de la fundación de Madrid como ocurrió en otras ciudades musulmanas. Madrid reunía todas las condiciones necesarias para el desarrollo de esta industria: además de abundante ganado, disponía de cantidad de agua para la instalación de tenerías y de ingredientes para la curtición.

  4. La antropología forense en la Escuela de Medicina Legal de Madrid, 1929-1980

    OpenAIRE

    Carrillo Rodríguez, Manuel F.

    2016-01-01

    Se presenta un trabajo que tiene por objeto analizar los casos de Antropología Forense sometidos para informe a la Escuela de Medicina Legal de Madrid, como órgano central consultivo de la Administración de Justicia, en sus primeros 52 años de existencia, desde la fundación de la misma en 1929 hasta el año 1980. Para ello se expone en primer lugar un breve resumen del desarrollo histórico de la Antropología Forense y de la Escuela de Medicina Legal de Madrid, para a continuación presentar los...

  5. Innovación y difusión del cambio lingüístico en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Molina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I examine three phonic changes taking place in Spanish: the relaxation of /s/ in implossive position, the yeísmo, and the loss of voiced /d/ in intervocalic position. The analysis looks at the Comunidad the Madrid, a territory characterized by the exchange of linguistic influences and the crossing of linguistic borders. The perspective of the study is both dialectal and sociolinguistic. My objective is to know whether Madrid acts as a center for the spread of these southern innovations, or whether the city follows instead the northern Castilian norm.

  6. Incentivos y desincentivos en los sistemas de transporte público en Londres, Madrid y Ciudad de México

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Arturo Rivas Tovar; José Antonio Chávez Espejel; Berenice Maldonado Hernández; Adela Chávez; Salvador Carmona Tapia; Édgar Vicente Cienfuegos Sarabia; Dónovan Molina García

    2007-01-01

    El presente trabajo hace un estudio comparado entre los sistemas de transporte público de dos ciudades europeas (Londres y Madrid) y el de Ciudad de México, evaluando tres variables: incentivos para el uso de transporte público, desincentivos para el transporte privado y políticas gubernamentales de transporte público. Como resultado de lo anterior se concluye que: 1) en el caso de Madrid y Londres es posible identificar una estrategia clara y la aplicación sistemática de políticas de incenti...

  7. La fidelidad cubana durante la edad de las revoluciones

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuethe, Allan J.

    1998-06-01

    Full Text Available Not available.

    La historiografía cubana tradicional explica la fidelidad de la perla de las Antillas durante las revoluciones americanas por razón del miedo al intimidante ejército español acuartelado en la isla y por miedo a que cualquier división política diera aliento a una sublevación de la masiva población esclava. Este artículo plantea la tesis de que el asunto fue mucho más complicado que lo que estas explicaciones dan a entender. Por una parte, el ejército de la isla llegó a estar esencialmente controlado por cubanos y, por otra, un movimiento revolucionario nació entre los elementos ilustrados; pero falló por la oposición abrumadora que surgió dentro de la propia clase criolla. La fidelidad cubana no se explica actualmente tanto por los temores como por las relaciones positivas que se crearon entre la corona española y las elites cubanas durante el siglo XVIII, sobre todo durante el reinado de Carlos III, relaciones que resultaron sumamente ventajosas para los azucareros que dominaban la vida económica y política de la isla.

  8. portland durante el proceso de hidratación

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MANUEL ALEJANDRO GIRALDO M.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Se presenta la evolución mineralógica del cemento Pórtland tipo I durante el proceso de hidratación, usando las técnicas de caracterización de materiales difracción de rayos X (DRX y microscopia electrónica de barrido (SEM, con el fin de entender los cambios que se dan en los minerales anhidros del cemento (alita, belita, celita y felita entre otros durante su transformación en las fase estables hidratadas (tobermorita, ortlandita, etringita, etc.. Se encontró que, en general, el proceso de hidratación ocurre de manera diferente en cada mineral ya sea por la velocidad de reacción, o por los cambios cristalinos experimentados por éstos durante la transformación de fase anhidra a hidratada. Se pudo apreciar la formación de tobermorita gel (CSH, portlandita y etringita primaria. Además, como cambia la apariencia de la pasta a medida que avanza la hidratación.

  9. Evolución de los usos en relación con los parámetros morfológicos de densidad y compacidad (Una muestra en Puente de Vallecas, Madrid / Use evolution in relation to morphological parameters of density and compactness. (A sample in Puente de Vallecas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando Miguel García Martín

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumenDe las variables sociales, económicas, ambientales y espaciales que influyen en las actividades que se realizan en las ciudades son estas últimas, las relativas a la forma urbana, una de las menos estudiadas. En este trabajo se analiza la influencia de dos parámetros morfológicos, la densidad y la compacidad, en la evolución de los usos para el caso del distrito de Puente de Vallecas, en la ciudad de Madrid. Se analiza así la adecuación de las distintas tipologías empleadas en la formación de esta zona periférica de la ciudad durante el siglo XX, comparando su situación y evolución actual.Palabras claveMorfología urbana, usos urbanos, densidad, diversidad, periferias, flexibilidad urbana.AbstractSocial, economic, environmental and spatial variables influence the activities that take place in cities. In this paper the spatial conditions, those relating to urban form, are studied trough the influence of two morphological parameters, density and compactness, in the evolution of the uses for the case of the Puente de Vallecas district in the city of Madrid. The suitability of different urban types used in the formation of the city’s periphery during the twentieth century is discussed comparing their current situation.KeywordsUrban morphology, urban uses, density, diversity, periphery, urban flexibility.

  10. Faulting at Thebes Gap, Mo. -Ill. : Implications for New Madrid tectonism

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Harrison, R.W.; Schultz, A.P. (Geological Survey, Reston, VA (United States))

    1992-01-01

    Recent geologic mapping in the Thebes Gap area has identified numerous NNE- and NE-striking faults having a long-lived and complex structural history. The faults are located in an area of moderate recent seismicity at the northern margin of the Mississippi embayment, approximately 45 km north of the New Madrid seismic zone. Earliest deformation occurred along dextral strike-slip faults constrained as post-Devonian and pre-Cretaceous. Uplift and erosion of all Carboniferous strata suggest that this faulting is related to development of the Pascola arch (Ouachita orogeny). This early deformation is characterized by strongly faulted and folded Ordovician through Devonian rocks overlain in places with angular unconformity by undeformed Cretaceous strata. Elsewhere, younger deformation involves Paleozoic, Cretaceous, Paleocene, and Eocene formations. These units have experienced both minor high-angle normal faulting and major, dextral strike-slip faulting. Quaternary-Tertiary Mounds Gravel is also involved in the latest episode of strike-slip deformation. Enechelon north-south folds, antithetic R[prime] shears, and drag folds indicate right-lateral motion. Characteristic positive and negative flower structures are commonly revealed in cross section. Right-stepping fault strands have produced pull-apart basins where Ordovician, Silurian, Devonian, Cretaceous, and Tertiary units are downdropped several hundreds of meters and occur in chaotic orientations. Similar fault orientations and kinematics, as well as recent seismicity and close proximity, clearly suggest a structural relationship between deformation at Thebes Gap and tectonism associated with the New Madrid area.

  11. Reconstruyendo redes, repensando espacios: experiencias migrantes de argentinos en Madrid (2002/2003

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    Susana Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Los proyectos migratorios implican importantes cambios en la articulación de los espacios sociales. No sólo porque las redes se amplían a nuevos contactos y amistades en el lugar de radicación sino también porque las antiguas relaciones con quienes se quedan en el lugar de procedencia entran en un proceso de transformación. En esta contribución utilizamos la historia oral para acercarnos a las experiencias de un grupo de argentinos que vino a establecerse a Madrid a raíz de la crisis de 2001. Indagamos en la reconstrucción de sus redes sociales en destino y en la manera en que comienzan a repensar sus vínculos con Argentina.___________________ABSTRACT:The migratory projects carry important changes in the articulation of the social spaces. Not only because the networks widen to include new contacts and friendships, also because the old relations in the origin country begin a transformation process. This paper uses the oral history to examine the experiences of a group of Argentines settled in Madrid as a result of the crisis of 2001. It investigates the reconstruction of their social networks in destination and how they rethink their links to Argentina.

  12. Violencia en el Madrid de la Guerra Civil: los "paseos" (Julio a Diciembre 1936

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    Javier CERVERA GIL

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available RESUMEN: Dentro de la enorme violencia presente en la Guerra Civil Española, el inicio de la misma en Madrid se caracterizó por la proliferación de episodios de violencia política, porque esas eran las razones que se argüían, e inorgánica, porque no se conectaba con proyecto revolucionario alguno. En este artículo se analiza una represión incontrolada que tenía como organismos claves las checas, de donde partían las policías de partido que efectuaban detenciones arbitrarias, y como episodios característicos los paseos: ejecuciones sin formación de causa y de forma clandestina. En las checas actuaban sujetos indeseables que generaron un clima de terror e inseguridad en Madrid en los enemigos de la República y en los sospechosos de pocas simpatías hacia el Frente Popular. Este clima de exceso y violencia fue objeto de preocupación de las autoridades republicanas en Madrid, siendo Santiago Carrillo, Consejero de Orden Público de la Junta de Defensa de Madrid, quien consiguió poner coto a los injustificables paseos. En la última parte del artículo se analiza este fenómeno de los paseos. Su ejecución fue sobre todo obra de anarquistas y, en mucha menor medida, de comunistas. Los hechos se iniciaban con la detención al anochecer y, la mayoría de las veces, terminaban con la ejecución de la víctima en la madrugada, casi en ocho de cada diez casos. Sus víctimas fueron sobre todo religiosos, seguidos de empleados y militares. El momento de mayor proliferación fue en los meses de agosto y septiembre de 1936, observándose un drástico descenso a partir de noviembre hasta su casi total desaparición a inicios de 1937, como un síntoma más del proceso de reconstrucción del Estado republicano. Palabras clave: Guerra Civil Española, Violencia política, Represión, Comunismo, Anarquismo. ABSTRACT: Within the framework of the enormous amount of violence that took place at the beginning of the Spanish Civil War, Madrid's violence

  13. Valoración de la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales de Madrid

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    Rafael R Temes

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available La ciudad, en tanto asentamiento eminentemente humano, es reflejo de la diversidad económica, social y cultural de sus habitantes. Como consecuencia de ello, encontramos en un mismo territorio oportunidades distintas, con importantes brechas y fronteras en torno a barrios o ámbitos de características singulares. Partiendo de esta afirmación, se traza como objetivo de este trabajo la definición de un banco de indicadores que permita valorar la vulnerabilidad integral en las áreas residenciales consolidadas del municipio de Madrid. La metodología empleada se basa en el uso de un análisis estadístico multivariable que determina un conjunto de indicadores sintéticos, a partir de los que es posible delimitar los ámbitos de vulnerabilidad integral. De su aplicación se desprende que más del 80 por ciento de los casos así fijados se encuentra fuera de la "almendra central" de Madrid, señalándose la periferia construida entre los años sesenta y setenta como el escenario principal de los problemas urbanos de los próximos años.

  14. Thallium occurrence and partitioning in soils and sediments affected by mining activities in Madrid province (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gomez-Gonzalez, M.A.; Garcia-Guinea, J. [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain); Laborda, F. [Group of Analytical Spectroscopy and Sensors Group, Institute of Environmental Sciences, University of Zaragoza, Pedro Cerbuna 12, 50009 Zaragoza (Spain); Garrido, F., E-mail: fernando.garrido@mncn.csic.es [National Museum of Natural Sciences, CSIC, Jose Gutierrez Abascal 2, 28006 Madrid (Spain)

    2015-12-01

    Thallium (Tl) and its compounds are toxic to biota even at low concentrations but little is known about Tl concentration and speciation in soils. An understanding of the source, mobility, and dispersion of Tl is necessary to evaluate the environmental impact of Tl pollution cases. In this paper, we examine the Tl source and dispersion in two areas affected by abandoned mine facilities whose residues remain dumped on-site affecting to soils and sediments of natural water courses near Madrid city (Spain). Total Tl contents and partitioning in soil solid phases as determined by means of a sequential extraction procedure were also examined in soils along the riverbeds of an ephemeral and a permanent streams collecting water runoff and drainage from the mines wastes. Lastly, electronic microscopy and cathodoluminescence probe are used as a suitable technique for Tl elemental detection on thallium-bearing phases. Tl was found mainly bound to quartz and alumino-phyllosilicates in both rocks and examined soils. Besides, Tl was also frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules in all samples from both mine scenarios. These biogenic silicates may regulate the transfer of Tl into the soil-water system. - Highlights: • Abandoned mine residues are Tl sources in soils of Madrid catchment area. • Tl was associated to quartz and aluminosilicates in both rocks and soils. • Tl was frequently found associated to organic particles and diatom frustules. • Cathodoluminescence is a suitable technique for Tl detection on soils and rocks.

  15. Happiness on the street: Overall happiness among homeless people in Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panadero, Sonia; Guillén, Ana Isabel; Vázquez, José Juan

    2015-07-01

    This article tests a hypothesized model of overall happiness among homeless people in Spain. The research was conducted based on a representative sample of homeless people in Madrid (n = 235), all adults, who had spent the night before the interview in a shelter for homeless people, on the street or in other places not initially designed for sleeping, or who were in supervised accommodation for homeless people at the time of the interview. Information was gathered using a structured interview. The results obtained show that around half of the homeless people in Madrid said that they were happy. A positive meta-stereotype and a better perceived general health were associated with a higher overall happiness, while feelings of loneliness were associated with a lower overall happiness. Happiness also showed a significant effect on future expectations. Disabilities and handicaps had a significant effect on perceived general health, which was in turn associated with overall happiness among homeless people. (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).

  16. GAS-PARTICLE PARTITIONING OF POPS IN URBAN AIR FROM MADRID

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    Beatriz Barbas

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In present work the presence of several Persistent Organic Pollutants (POPs in ambient air samples from the city of Madrid (Spain was evaluated, discriminating between gas phase (FG and suspended particulate matter (MPS. High-volume active samplers (HVS equipped with polyurethane foam and glass microfiber filters were used to collect samples. The major pollutants were polychlorinated biphenyls (104.6 ± 86.6 pg/Nm3, mean ± standard deviation, following in decreasing order by polybrominated diphenyl ethers (20.4 ± 11.6 pg/Nm3, dechlorane plus (0.8 ± 0.5 pg/Nm3 and finally by polychlorinated dibenzo-p-dioxins and dibenzofurans (0.3 ± 0.1 pg/Nm3. The results, in agreement with those obtained in other cities, not only confirm the presence of POPs in the air of Madrid, but show significant differences in terms of fractionation (major presence in gas phase or in particulate phase between different compounds and congeners evaluated.

  17. Monitoring ground subsidence in urban environments: M-30 tunnels under Madrid City (Spain

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    Rubén Martínez Marín

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Big cities improvement usually requires the construction of large underground infrastructures, in order to ensure proper communication and optimize urban use. Monitoring ground subsidences is therefore one of the main challenges in changing urban environments. The "Madrid Río" project (2003-2008 is an effort to reclaim the riverfront land and improve the busy M-30 beltway that involved the construction of 7.93 km of tunnels underneath the southern center of Madrid City. This paper presents a remote-sensing approach to monitor ground subsidences induced by tunneling excavation.  The Persistent Scatterers Interferometry technique (PSI was used to estimate subsidence and displacement time series from Synthetic Aperture Radar images, acquired between August 2003 and April 2008 from ENVISAT.  Remote sensed results were compared to traditional extensometric measures, fitting adequately for selected sectors. Spatial analysis of displacements allowed evaluating impacts of tunneling on surrounding buildings and facilities, highlighting critical areas. The availability of a spatial distribution of displacements in a time series allowed analyzing longitudinal, cross-sectional and temporal dynamics. The main limitations during this work were the heterogeneous spatial distribution of Persistent Scatterers, the absence of measurement points in work areas, the threshold for velocity detection and low temporal resolution of ENVISAT images. Nevertheless, these limitations of DInSAR for monitoring infrastructures are overcome by actual satellites, being a complementary technique with an exceptional added value and temporal analysis capability.

  18. El poblamiento humano antiguo en el valle alto del Lozoya (Madrid

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    Belén Márquez

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available La localización en superficie en el término municipal de Lozoya (Madrid de un conjunto de piezas de industria lítica achelense permite retrotraer el primer poblamiento de esta zona al Pleistoceno medio, cuando hasta la fecha las evidencias más antiguas en el valle alto del río Lozoya se remontaban a inicios del Pleistoceno superior. El nuevo hallazgo sitúa al río Lozoya en relación cultural con el poblamiento humano antiguo de los ríos Jarama y Manzanares.The discovery of a surface sample of Acheulean lithic industry at the Lozoya district (Madrid takes back to the Middle Pleistocene the first human peopling of this area. Until now themost ancient evidences at the Upper Lozoya Valley went back to the initial Upper Pleistocene. The new findings place the Lozoya River in cultural relation with the ancient human population of Jarama and Manzanares Rivers.

  19. Los orígenes del teatro anatómico de Madrid (1689-1728

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    Pardo Tomás, José

    1997-06-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this article is to show that the teaching of anatomy in the General Hospital of Madrid was established in 1689, as a part of the widespread movement of renovation in medicine and science during the last years of the reign of Charles II (1665-1700. The different occupants of the hospital's chair of anatomy until 1728, their different backgrounds and professional careers are revisted, using hitherto unknown sources for the purpose.

    El artículo tiene como objeto demostrar que la enseñanza de la anatomía en el Hospital General de Madrid fue establecida en 1689, dentro del amplio movimiento de renovación de la medicina y la ciencia en España, iniciado en los últimos años del reinado de Carlos II (1665-1700. Se examinan las distintas figuras que ocuparon la cátedra de anatomía del hospital hasta 1728, sus formaciones de origen y sus carreras profesionales, utilizando para ello nuevas fuentes hasta ahora inéditas.

  20. Joyas del siglo XVI en seis retratos infantiles de las Descalzas Reales de Madrid

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    Horcajo Palomero, Natalia

    2004-12-01

    Full Text Available This text is a study of the jewels depicted in six childen's portraits in the collection of the convent of the Descalzas Reales in Madrid. The portraits are of the princesses of the House of Styria -(¿Elisabeth?, Maria Kristema, Anna and Katerina- as well as the children of Anna, Wladislaus and Anna Maria. Firstly, the personages and the paintings are presented, including a brief discussion of their authorship. Then the jewels are described and studied in detail. The author proposes, based on diverse proofs, that they may be the work of the master jewelers Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune and Mathias Zündt

    En este trabajo se estudian las joyas que aparecen en seis retratos infantiles conservados en las Descalzas Reales de Madrid. Son los retratos de las Princesas de la Casa de Estiria, (Elisabeth (¿, María Kristema, Anna y Katerina, así como los de los hijos de Anna, Wladislaus y Anna María. Primeramente se hace la presentación de los personajes y los cuadros, con una breve discusión sobre su autoría, seguida de una descripción pormenorizada de las joyas para inmediatamente pasar a su estudio, en el que se plantea, de forma razonada y basándose en diversas pruebas, su posible adjudicación a los maestros Erasmus Hornick, Etienne Delaune y Mathias Zündt.

  1. The restructuring of the health resources devoted to the environmental health in the Community of Madrid

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    J. M. Ordóñez Iriarte

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The Environmental Health, in its broadest sense, wich includes what is administratively meant Environmental Health and Food Hygiene, was traditionally performed by the Titular Chemists, Dictors and Veterinary Surgeons who perforrmed their duties within the limits of the Partidos (Areas or districts within the jurisdiction of a Court. Upon this structures, created in 1953, different technical and political events have been influencing for years, making their restructuring necessary in order to be able to answer the whole of the problems that worry the Public Health.This work tries to describe the model of Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out within the Community of Madrid, to analyze this model, and to propose a model of restructuring of this Services that can be a paradigm for thouse Communities that have not undertaken the same process yet.The methodology we have used is the analysis of the situation before and after the Chemist and Veterinary Services restructuring carried out by means of two different Orders of the Community of Madrid.“Partido” structures have become obsolete, so the restructuring of resources is a necessity. The approach of this restructuring must be done far from any corporativist tamptation and considerating the possibility of incorporating other professionals different from the traditional ones in view of the increasing complexity of the problems of Environmental Health.

  2. Modelling the influence of peri-urban trees in the air quality of Madrid region (Spain)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Alonso, Rocio, E-mail: rocio.alonso@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Vivanco, Marta G., E-mail: m.garcia@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Gonzalez-Fernandez, Ignacio, E-mail: ignacio.gonzalez@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Bermejo, Victoria, E-mail: victoria.bermejo@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Palomino, Inmaculada, E-mail: inma.palomino@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Garrido, Juan Luis, E-mail: juanluis.garrido@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Elvira, Susana, E-mail: susana.elvira@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Salvador, Pedro, E-mail: pedro.salvador@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain); Artinano, Begona, E-mail: b.artinano@ciemat.es [Atmospheric Pollution Division CIEMAT, Avda., Complutense 22, 28040 Madrid (Spain)

    2011-08-15

    Tropospheric ozone (O{sub 3}) is considered one of the most important air pollutants affecting human health. The role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} concentrations has been analyzed in the Madrid region (Spain) using the V200603par-rc1 version of the CHIMERE air quality model. The 3.7 version of the MM5 meteorological model was used to provide meteorological input data to the CHIMERE. The emissions were derived from the EMEP database for 2003. Land use data and the stomatal conductance model included in CHIMERE were modified according to the latest information available for the study area. Two cases were considered for the period April-September 2003: (1) actual land use and (2) a fictitious scenario where El Pardo peri-urban forest was converted to bare-soil. The results show that El Pardo forest constitutes a sink of O{sub 3} since removing this green area increased O{sub 3} levels over the modified area and over down-wind surrounding areas. - Highlights: > Role of peri-urban vegetation in modifying O{sub 3} pollution in Madrid (Spain). > The CHIMERE air quality model was adapted to Mediterranean conditions. > Preserving the peri-urban forest lowers O{sub 3} concentrations over the surrounding areas. > Evergreen broadleaf and deciduous forests removed more atmospheric O{sub 3} than conifers. - Peri-urban forests contribute to ameliorate ozone air pollution.

  3. [Injuries treated in primary care in the Community of Madrid: analyses of electronic medical records].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zoni, Ana Clara; Domínguez-Berjón, María Felicitas; Esteban-Vasallo, María Dolores; Regidor, Enrique

    2014-01-01

    To describe the incidence of injuries treated in primary care by type of injury, age groups, and sex in the publicly-funded health system of the region of Madrid in Spain. A descriptive cross sectional study was performed of injury episodes registered in the primary care electronic medical records of the health system of Madrid in 2011. We calculated the global incidence of injuries, injury-specific rates for fractures, sprains, wounds, burns, foreign body injuries, poisoning and bruises, and their rate ratios with 95% confidence intervals, all of which were stratified by sex and age groups. In 2011 there were 707,800 injury episodes (3.5% of all episodes treated in primary care). Most of the injuries occurred in women (54.0%) and in persons older than 34 years (58.0%). The most common injuries were wounds in men (35.3%) and bruises in women (30.6%). Overall, women had higher rates of injuries among the elderly and men had more injuries in the group younger than 15 years. By type of injury, the highest rates of fractures, burns and bruises were observed in the older population, foreign body injuries and wounds in children, sprains in youth, and poisonings in extreme ages. The special vulnerability of boys younger than 5 years and elderly women suggests that intervention strategies should be targeted to the specific needs of these groups. Copyright © 2013 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  4. Christian Herrgen y la institucionalización de la mineralogía en Madrid

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    Parra, Dolores

    1996-06-01

    Full Text Available One of the goals of the scientific policy of the governments of the Borbones were that of favors the disciplines subject to be applied for the necessary stimulus of the Spanish economy. Such it was the case of the Mineralogy, science that was developed and imparted in several scientific cultured institutions. One of these centers were the Cabinet of Natural History from Madrid, in which the work of the German specialist Christian Herrgen contributed to the institutionalization of the Spanish Mineralogy.

    Uno de los objetivos de la política científica de los gobiernos borbones fue la de potenciar aquellas disciplinas susceptibles de ser aplicadas en el necesario fomento de la economía española. Tal fue el caso de la Mineralogía, ciencia que fue desarrollada e impartida en varias instituciones científicas ilustradas. Uno de estos centros fue el Gabinete de Historia Natural de Madrid, en el que la labor del especialista alemán Christian Herrgen contribuyó a la institucionalización de la mineralogía española.

  5. [Secondary school menu in Madrid (Spain): knowledge and adherence to the Spanish National Health System recommendations].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berradre-Sáenz, Belén; Royo-Bordonada, Miguel Ángel; Bosqued, María José; Moya, María Ángeles; López, Lázaro

    2015-01-01

    To establish the degree of knowledge and adherence to the Spanish National Health System recommendations on nutrition in schools in the Autonomous Community of Madrid. Cross-sectional study of a random sample of 182 secondary schools from Madrid, during 2013-2014 school year. Information on the characteristics of the schools and the knowledge of the recommendations was collected by internet and telephone interviews, as well as a copy of the school menu. The average number of rations per week offered for each food item and the percentage of schools within the recommended range were calculated. The overall adherence was obtained as the mean of food items (0-12) within the range. 65.5% of the schools were unaware of the national recommendations. The supply of rice, pasta, fish, eggs, salad and fruit was lower than recommended, whereas for meat, accompaniment and other desserts was higher. The percentage of schools within the range for each food item varied between 13% and 95%. The mean of overall adherence was 6.3, with no differences depending on whether the menu was prepared or not at schools or there was or not a person in charge of nutrition standards. The degree of adherence to the recommendations was variable, being advised to increase the supply of cereals, eggs, fish, salad and fruit. Programs for dissemination and implementation of the recommendations, leaded by trained professionals, are required to improve the nutritional value of school menu. Copyright © 2015 SESPAS. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  6. Location of Bioelectricity Plants in the Madrid Community Based on Triticale Crop: A Multicriteria Methodology

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    L. Romero

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a work whose objective is, first, to quantify the potential of the triticale biomass existing in each of the agricultural regions in the Madrid Community through a crop simulation model based on regression techniques and multiple correlation. Second, a methodology for defining which area has the best conditions for the installation of electricity plants from biomass has been described and applied. The study used a methodology based on compromise programming in a discrete multicriteria decision method (MDM context. To make a ranking, the following criteria were taken into account: biomass potential, electric power infrastructure, road networks, protected spaces, and urban nuclei surfaces. The results indicate that, in the case of the Madrid Community, the Campiña region is the most suitable for setting up plants powered by biomass. A minimum of 17,339.9 tons of triticale will be needed to satisfy the requirements of a 2.2 MW power plant. The minimum range of action for obtaining the biomass necessary in Campiña region would be 6.6 km around the municipality of Algete, based on Geographic Information Systems. The total biomass which could be made available in considering this range in this region would be 18,430.68 t.

  7. [Barriers and challenges of the functional healthcare risk management units in hospitals of Madrid health service].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pardo-Hernández, A; Navarro-Royo, C; Arguedas-Sanz, R; Albeniz-Lizarraga, C; Morón-Merchante, J

    2014-01-01

    To identify the barriers and challenges for the effective development of risk management units in hospitals of the Madrid Health Service. Descriptive cross-sectional study aimed at the management teams and members of the functional units of 31 hospitals in the Madrid Health Service. A self-administered questionnaire requesting answers in free text was used, identifying up to five barriers and challenges, and their prioritization by awarding from 1-5 points according to their importance. A discourse analysis was then conducted, grouping common themes and sorting them according to their score. The overall response rate was 94%. The most frequently identified barriers were lack of time (21%), inadequate safety culture (13%), lack of publication of their activities (10%), and lack of training (10%). The most important challenge was developing the training (18%), followed by improving the culture (17%), communication of safety activities (11%), and achieve leadership from the managers of the services (11%). According to the study conditions, the main identified barrier identified was the lack of available time, and the principal challenge found was promoting a proactive learning culture. Copyright © 2013 SECA. Published by Elsevier Espana. All rights reserved.

  8. Sociodemographic characteristics and HIV risk behaviour patterns of male sex workers in Madrid, Spain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Belza, M J; Llácer, A; Mora, R; Morales, M; Castilla, J; de la Fuente, L

    2001-10-01

    This paper describes the sociodemographic and work characteristics, prevalence of HIV infection and associated risk behaviours among male sex workers (MSWs) in Madrid (Spain). Using an anonymous semi-structured questionnaire, educators attached to a mobile unit under a street-based prostitution programme surveyed 84 MSWs from several Madrid areas. Of the total surveyed: 35% were immigrants, mean age was 23 years, mean period in prostitution was four years; 21% had no primary education; 16% had injected drugs at some time; 11% reported private sexual relationships exclusively with women; 89% always used condoms in anal practices with clients; and 41% were in sexual relationships with their partners. Only 11% had ever used fortified condoms. In the preceding month, 37% had experienced condom failure, 82% without having used any lubricant. In all, 67% reported having undergone HIV testing, with a higher percentage of positive results among injecting (60%) versus non-injecting drug users (17%). Immigrants had a lower level of education, made less use of condoms, had more condom failures and, in their private lives, a greater proportion reported sexual relationships exclusively with women. In Spain, MSWs should be included in HIV prevention programmes, which ought to be specifically adapted to immigrants. Priority should be given to reducing the condom failure rate in anal intercourse, by improving access to fortified condoms.

  9. Notas sobre joyería tradicional en la provincia de Madrid

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    León Fernández, Marcos

    1996-12-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with peasant jewellery from the province of Madrid (Spain in the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries, especially those pieces closely related to the regional costume. They have been classified according to «use» «form» and «name». Examples from inventories of the period are provided. The study is based on fieldwork and inventories of the time and is viewed as a first approach or general outlook into the subject.El presente artículo pretende, a través de un primer muestreo, ofrecer una visión general aproximada de la joyería tradicional en la provincia de Madrid —especialmente aquellas piezas relacionadas con la indumentaria—, a partir de los datos obtenidos de los inventarios de los siglos XVIII y XIX y del trabajo de campo. Las piezas se ordenan según su uso, forma y denominación, tratando ele hacer coincidir estos tres aspectos cuando ello es posible.

  10. [Comparative study of habits in students before and during the university in northwest area of Madrid].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iglesias López, María Teresa; Cuesta Santa Teresa, Elvira; Sáez Crespo, Antonio

    2014-11-12

    Introducción: En la mayoria de los paises occidentales los jovenes, adoptan estilos de vida que afectan negativamente a su salud, incrementando de esta manera el riesgo de la aparicion prematura de enfermedades cronicas. Objetivo: Comparar los patrones de habitos en estudiantes preuniversitarios y universitarios en la zona noroeste de Madrid. Material y método: Estudio longitudinal descriptivo con estudiantes madrilenos de universidades madrilenas y colegios-institutos de la zona centro-oeste de Madrid capital, aceptando participar 1590 alumnos de ambos sexos preuniversitarios y universitarios: 653 varones (41,1%) y 937 mujeres (58,9%). Se clasifico a los estudiantes en grupos etarios, ≤ 17 anos y ≥ 18 anos Resultados: Se estudia el IMC, la actividad fisica, el consumo de alcohol y los habitos negativos en cuanto al consumo de alimentos. Casi el 80% presenta normo peso, son mas activos los preuniversitarios. Conclusión: Se han constatado diferencias entre sexos, que deben guiar las actuaciones de intervencion en cuanto a la actividad fisica o habitos, por lo que parece fundamental realizar programas de intervencion nutricional y psicosocial en los adolescentes y jovenes para prevenir y/o reducir el consumo de alcohol.

  11. Crustal deformation in the New Madrid seismic zone and the role of postseismic processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boyd, Oliver; Robert Smalley, Jr; Zeng, Yuehua

    2015-01-01

    Global Navigation Satellite System data across the New Madrid seismic zone (NMSZ) in the central United States over the period from 2000 through 2014 are analyzed and modeled with several deformation mechanisms including the following: (1) creep on subsurface dislocations, (2) postseismic frictional afterslip and viscoelastic relaxation from the 1811–1812 and 1450 earthquakes in the NMSZ, and (3) regional strain. In agreement with previous studies, a dislocation creeping at about 4 mm/yr between 12 and 20 km depth along the downdip extension of the Reelfoot fault reproduces the observations well. We find that a dynamic model of postseismic frictional afterslip from the 1450 and February 1812 Reelfoot fault events can explain this creep. Kinematic and dynamic models involving the Cottonwood Grove fault provide minimal predictive power. This is likely due to the smaller size of the December 1811 event on the Cottonwood Grove fault and a distribution of stations better suited to constrain localized strain across the Reelfoot fault. Regional compressive strain across the NMSZ is found to be less than 3 × 10−9/yr. If much of the present-day surface deformation results from afterslip, it is likely that many of the earthquakes we see today in the NMSZ are aftershocks from the 1811–1812 New Madrid earthquakes. Despite this conclusion, our results are consistent with observations and models of intraplate earthquake clustering. Given this and the recent paleoseismic history of the region, we suggest that seismic hazard is likely to remain significant.

  12. Study of the superficial ozone concentrations in the atmosphere of Comunidad de Madrid using passive samplers

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    D. Galán Madruga

    2001-06-01

    Full Text Available The ozone is a secondary atmospheric pollutant which is generated for photochemical reactions of volatil organic compounds (VOC’s and nitrogen oxides (NOx. In Spain the ozone is a big problem as a consequence of the solar radiation to reach high levels. Exposure over a period of time to elevated ozone concentrations can cause damage in the public health and alterations in the vegetation.The aim of this study is to carry out the development and validation of a measurement method to let asses the superficial ozone levels in the Comunidad de Madrid, by identifing the zones more significants, where to measure with UV photometric monitors (automatics methods this pollutant and where the health and the vegetation can be affected. To such effect, passive samplers are used, which have glass fiber filters coated with a solution of sodium nitrite, potassium carbonate, glycerol and water. The nitrite ion in the presence of ozone is oxidized to nitrato ion, which it is extrated with ultrapure water and analyzed for ion chromatography, by seen proportional to the concentration existing in the sampling point.The results of validation from field tests indicate a excellent correlation between the passive and the automatic method.The higher superficial ozone concentrations are placed in rural zones, distanced of emission focus of primary pollutants (nitrogen oxides and volatil organic compounds... principally in direction soutwest and northwest of the Comunidad of Madrid.

  13. Screening for several potential pathogens in feral pigeons (Columba livia in Madrid

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    Ballesteros Carlos

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Pathogens with the zoonotic potential to infect humans, such as Campylobacter jejuni, Campylobacter coli and Chlamydophila psittaci, can be found in feral pigeons (Columba livia. Given the high density of these birds in the public parks and gardens of most cities, they may pose a direct threat to public health. Methods A total of 118 pigeons were captured in three samplings carried out in 2006-2007 in public parks and gardens in Madrid, Spain. Standard haematological and morphological analyses were carried out on the pigeons. PCR was used to screen for the presence of Campylobacter jejuni, C. coli and Chlamydophila psittaci. Positive samples were confirmed by DNA sequencing. Results The analyses demonstrated a high prevalence of Chlamydophila psittaci (52.6% and Campylobacter jejuni (69.1% among the birds captured. In contrast, Campylobacter coli was rarely detected (1.1%. Conclusions Pigeons in Madrid can carry Chlamydophila psittaci and Campylobacter jejuni. They may be asymptomatic or subclinical carriers of both pathogens.

  14. Laboratorio Geocisa Mecánica del suelo y materiales - Madrid-España Geocisa

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    Escudero Gutiérrez, M.

    1974-11-01

    Full Text Available The laboratory has been constructed for Geotechniques and Cements, Ltd., in the vicinity of Madrid so as to carry out the checking of all the construction materials. The structure consists of two storeys and a semi-subterranean storey. The building is designed With a structure of reinforced steel, according to a 1,20 m module that is used for the plan form and elevation. The latter ones have been constructed of prefabricated pieces which gives it a functional look and lines that harmonize with the intended aim.Se ha edificado para Geotecnia y Cimientos, S. A., en las proximidades de Madrid, con el fin de realizar, entre otras actividades, el control de todos los materiales de construcción. Consta de dos plantas y semisótano, si bien está prevista una ampliación a dos plantas más. El edificio se ha proyectado con estructura de hormigón armado, según un módulo de 1,20 m, que se traduce en plantas y alzados. Estos últimos han sido construidos a base de piezas prefabricadas, lo cual le confiere una fisonomía funcional y acorde con el fin a que se destina.

  15. EL PERFIL COMPETITIVO LOCAL COMO FACTOR DETERMINANTE PARA EL DESARROLLO DE LA FLORICULTURA EN MADRID (CUNDINAMARCA

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    DANIEL HERNÁN SANTIAGO ROMERO

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo describe los atributos del perfil competitivo del municipio de Madrid y establece las relaciones que, con dicho perfil, ha tenido el desarrollo de cultivos de flores. Se parte de la descripción de la situación actual de la industria de la floricultura en el país. Después, tras establecer los determinantes que desde la teoría se han propuesto para medir la competitividad de un territorio, se analiza el caso particular del municipio de Madrid y define los atributos competitivos que lo caracterizan. Se presentan las relaciones entre el perfil competitivo del municipio y la floricultura, mostrando cómo aquél, se convirtió en un factor determinante para dicha actividad económica. Finalmente se presentan las conclusiones del artículo, las cuales son antecedidas por la presentación de los elementos que representan la mayor fortaleza para el desarrollo económico del municipio en el futuro.

  16. Molecular typing of Leishmania infantum isolates from a leishmaniasis outbreak in Madrid, Spain, 2009 to 2012.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chicharro, C; Llanes-Acevedo, I P; García, E; Nieto, J; Moreno, J; Cruz, I

    2013-07-25

    Leishmaniasis is endemic in south-west Europe. Recent data point to the spread and (re-)emergence of this disease in previously endemic and non-endemic European countries. A recent example is the urban community outbreak of cutaneous and visceral leishmaniasis in the south-west of Madrid autonomous community, Spain, which began on 1 July 2009. A total of 446 cases associated to this outbreak were reported up to 31 December 2012. We show molecular typing data for 73 Leishmania infantum isolates obtained from January 2008 to July 2012 from different areas of Madrid, including those affected by the outbreak. Seven different genotypes were identified by combining data from two targets: the ribosomal internal transcribed spacers (ITS)-1 and -2 and the haspb (k26) gene. The results contribute to a better understanding of the parasite population circulating in the region, and indicate that most of the outbreak-associated isolates (22/31) were infected by parasites with the same combined genotype. Additional data from 82 L. infantum isolates typed as either MON-1 or MON-24 by isoenzyme analysis indicate that far from concluding that the outbreak was caused by a 'new' emerging genotype, further molecular typing-based surveillance studies are required to better understand the epidemiology of leishmaniasis in the region.

  17. Estación depuradora, en Madrid, España

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    Herrera Marín, J.

    1969-05-01

    Full Text Available This article gives a detailed description of the installations for purifying the residual waters of the «El Fresno» basin, in the neighbourhood of Puerta de Hierro. A special feature of this project is that this is one of the four plants provided for in the General Plan for Sanitary Works of Madrid, and it is also important since it is the largest such installation at present in service. It provides for full processing of the residual waters, and it has been through useful to give a summary of the sanitary engineering calculations.Se hace en este artículo una descripción detallada de la estación depuradora de aguas residuales de la cuenca de «El Fresno», situada en las inmediaciones de Puerta de Hierro. Resalta el interés de la obra la circunstancia de ser una de las cuatro plantas previstas en el Plan General de Obras Sanitarias de Madrid; y dado que se trata de la de mayor envergadura que hay actualmente en servicio, con tratamiento completo de aguas residuales, se ha considerado interesante y de actualidad incluir un resumen de los cálculos justificativos de ingeniería sanitaria.

  18. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by…

  19. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by semantic categories, "imminente"…

  20. Ortega y Gasset, José. Mission of the University. Edition: Jacobo Muñoz, Madrid: New Library, 2007 Ortega y Gasset, José.. Mission of the University. Madrid: The Archer, [1930] 1968.

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    Carolina Tovar-Torres

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The book Mission of the University in its edited by Jacobo Muñoz presents the academic community of the university thought analysis of José Ortega y Gasset (Madrid, 1883-1955. Jacobo Muñoz recognizes the importance in five sections of the book published in 1930 and its significance in Western universities ...

  1. Contribucion al estudio de la semantica de los verbos modales en espanol (con ejemplos del habla de Madrid). The Contribution of Spanish Modal Verbs to the Study of Semantics (with Evidence from Madrid Speech).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sirbu-Dumitrescu, Domnita

    1988-01-01

    Spanish modal verbs may express necessity, obligation, probability, and possibility, in either their personal or impersonal modes. Analysis is based on examples of contemporary Madrid speech. Four modals, "poder,""deber (de)," tener que," and "haber que," are placed within a tripartite structure defined by…

  2. La Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid: participación social en la salud mental The Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association: social participation in mental health

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    Juan Carlos Casal Álvarez

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo recoge las experiencias personales y asociativas con la Asociación Alonso Quijano de Madrid que he vivido desde el año 2002. La Asociación Alonso Quijano está inscrita en el registro de Asociaciones de la Comunidad de Madrid, se fundó en el año 1999. La Asociación Alonso Quijano es una Asociación para acompañar, apoyar y reflexionar en la experiencia de la locura. Desde su fundación el rol que asumen los participantes es el de ciudadanos con los mismos derechos y obligaciones y sin poner etiquetas. Es una asociación donde la participación de las personas con problemas de salud mental es muy relevante.This article, brings together, the individual and collective experiences that I had the opportunity to experience with the Alonso Quijano of Madrid Association since 2002. The Alonso Quijano Association is registered in the Official Association Register of the Madrid Local Government,and was established in 1999. Alonso Quijano Association is an association to monitor, support and reflect on the experience of madness. Since its origins, the members asume the rol of citizens with the same rights and obligations without labelling anybody. It is an association where the involvement of people with mental health problems is very important.

  3. Tres tesis doctorales dirigidas por don Manuel de Terán; el paisaje residencial en Madrid (Dolores Brandis, la enseñanza en Madrid (Ana Olivera y el barrio de Salamanca (Rafael Más.

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    Aurelio Nieto Codina

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available La investigación geográfica en España tiene en Manuel de Terán unas de sus personalidades clave, sus aportaciones científicas y su experiencia docente han marcado la evolución de nuestra disciplina; además, su presencia en el mundo académico y cultural hacen de él una figura imprescindible para entender la evolución de la ciencia en nuestro país. Ejemplificamos su labor como promotor de la investigación geográfica glosando tres tesis, que se encuadran dentro de los estudios referidos a la geografía urbana de Madrid, una de las líneas de investigación prioritaria del maestro. En primer lugar, el análisis del barrio de Salamanca, fragmento clave del ensanche histórico madrileño en su sector NE, obra de Rafael Mas. Después, la evolución histórica del paisaje residencial de Madrid y sus ejemplos tipo hasta la década de los setenta, realizada por Dolores Brandis. En tercer lugar, el estudio de la enseñanza en Madrid, una función urbana básica y un derecho de los ciudadanos estudiada por Ana Olivera. Estas obras son testimonio, entre otras, de la existencia de una escuela geográfica surgida de Manuel de Terán.In Spain, Manuel Teranwas some of its key personalities in geographical researchers, their scientific contributions and his teaching experience have marked the evolution of this discipline; in addition, its presence in the academic and cultural world make it an indispensable tool for understanding the evolution of science in our country. We exemplify its work in promoting geographical research glossing three theses, which fall within the studies related to the urban geography of Madrid, one of the priority research lines of the teacher. First,the analysis of the Salamanca district of Madrid historical key fragment extension in its NE Ensanche, written by Rafael Mas. Then, the historical evolution of residential landscape of Madrid and typical examples until the early seventies by Dolores Brandis. Third

  4. Curiosidades vivas. Los animales de América y Filipinas en la Ménagerie real durante el siglo XVIIII

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    Gómez-Centurión Jiménez, Carlos

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the important role of animals from Spanish America and the Philippines in Royal zoological collections during the 18th Century. It studies not only the species that were included more frequently in the collections and the criteria for their selection, but also the political and lobbying mechanisms devised for their shipment to the Madrid Court. The article also describes the many obstacles that had to be overcome in order to ensure the survival of the animals in their transoceanic journey.El artículo analiza el importante papel desempeñado por los animales procedentes de la América española y de Filipinas en las colecciones zoológicas reales durante el siglo XVIII. Además de las especies que con mayor frecuencia estuvieron presentes en dichas colecciones y sus criterios de selección, se estudian los mecanismos clientelares y políticos que propiciaban su envío hasta la corte madrileña, así como los numerosos obstáculos que era necesario sortear para que los animales lograran sobrevivir a la travesía trans - oceánica.

  5. El retablo mayor de la parroquial de Vallecas (Madrid : una arquitectura desaparecida de Pedro y Francisco de la Torre (1672

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    Antonio José Díaz Fernández

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Como obra inédita dentro del catálogo de realizaciones del arquitecto y ensamblador de retablos Pedro de la Torre (1596-1677, uno de los principales artistas conformadores del arte barroco en el Madrid del siglo XVII, se ha de datar en 1672 el desaparecido retablo mayor de la iglesia parroquial de S. Pedro de Vallecas (Madrid, conocido hoy por fotografía, en el que intervienen otros artistas relevantes que aquí se documentan.As an unknown work belonging to the catalogue of performances of the architect and joiner of «retablos» Pedro de la Torre (1596-1677, one of the main creators of the baroque art at the Madrid of the XVIIth century, it’s possible to date in 1672 the missing main altarpiece of the S. Pedro’s church of Vallecas (Madrid, just known by photograph nowadays, where other important artists worked and are documented here.

  6. De Nápoles a Madrid: la colgadura de los animales del duque de Medina de las Torres

    OpenAIRE

    Cruz Yábar, Juan María

    2014-01-01

    El príncipe de Stigliano donó al convento de Santa Teresa de Madrid una colgadura de gran valor, que ha sido objeto de estudio por diversos autores desde 1900 hasta la actualidad. Aportamos noticias sobre su datación y su origen extraídos de diferente

  7. Types of damage that could result from a great earthquake in the New Madrid, Missouri, seismic zone

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hopper, M.G.; Algermissen, S.T.

    1984-01-01

    In the winter of 1811–1812 a series of three great earthquakes occurred in the New Madrid seismic zone. In addition to the three principal shocks, at least 15 other earthquakes, Io ≥ VIII, occurred within a year of the first large earthquake on December 16, 1811. The three main shocks were felt over the entire eastern United States. They were strong enough to cause minor damage as far away as Indiana and Ohio on the north, the Carolinas on the east, and southern Mississippi on the south. They were strong enough to cause severe or structural damage in parts of Missouri, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Tennessee, Mississippi, and Arkansas. The section of this poster titled "Seismic history of the New Madrid region" describes what happened in the epicentral region. Fortunately, few people lived in the severely shaken area in 1811; that is not the case today. What would happen if a series of earthquakes as large and numerous as the "New Madrid" earthquakes were to occur in the New Madrid seismic zone today?

  8. Stereotypes and Beliefs about Different Ethnic Groups in Spain: A Study with Spanish and Latin American Children Living in Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Enesco, Ileana; Navarro, Alejandra; Paradela, Isabel; Guerrero, Silvia

    2005-01-01

    96 Spanish and Latin American children from 3 grades in Madrid reported their knowledge of positive and negative stereotypes regarding Spaniards, Gypsies, Latin American and Chinese people. Their personal beliefs about these four ethnic groups were also assessed. Stereotypes about Spaniards were perceived as overwhelmingly positive and least…

  9. Results of students surveys in similar courses given in different centers of the Technical University of Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Mendiola Ubillos, María Ángeles; Arraiza Bermudez-Cañete, Maria Paz; Aguado Cortijo, P.; Calderón Guerrero, C.; Lopez Alvarez, Jose Vicente

    2012-01-01

    We present and analyze the results of surveys conducted in recent years with students from two related subjects, but taught in different centers of the University of Madrid. These surveys are part of the objectives of various projects of educational innovation, and applied through the platform Moodle.

  10. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the…

  11. Involvement of citizens in hazardous waste management and use of recycling centres in the city of Madrid (Spain).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Díaz, María José; Martínez, Elvira; Piñeiro, Concepción; Palavecinos, Mireya; Benayas, Javier; Toribio, M Angeles

    2012-07-01

    In Spain, hazardous household waste management by citizens occurs via fixed recycling centres (FRC) and mobile recycling centres (MRC) which usually depend on local governments. This paper addresses a request by the Madrid City Council, in an attempt to improve the service it provides to the city of Madrid. The aim of the study involved analysing the information people possess in relation to hazardous waste and to the use of available equipment, and conducting a post-evaluation of the effectiveness of an environmental communication campaign conducted by the Madrid City Council and aimed at providing awareness of the existence of new FRCs and MRCs. To this end, a questionnaire was conducted with 5644 inhabitants of the city of Madrid. Qualitative data was categorized using content analysis followed by chi-squared tests, considering some socio-demographic characteristics of the sample, such as age or place of residence (district). Communication campaigns influenced citizen awareness of what constituted hazardous waste, of how to properly separate waste and of the existence of FRCs and MRCs. However, few citizens actually used FRCs or MRC (18% across four districts), a fact that might be related to a lack of knowledge of downstream waste treatment issues, or to self-limiting hindrances to householders, such as distance to recycling centres. It is recommended that future communication campaigns investigate householder needs and pre-conceptions in relation to recycling, as well as tailored education aimed at addressing the barriers, perceived or otherwise, facing citizens.

  12. Proceedings of the International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM) (8th, Madrid, Spain, June 26-29, 2015)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santos, Olga Cristina, Ed.; Boticario, Jesus Gonzalez, Ed.; Romero, Cristobal, Ed.; Pechenizkiy, Mykola, Ed.; Merceron, Agathe, Ed.; Mitros, Piotr, Ed.; Luna, Jose Maria, Ed.; Mihaescu, Cristian, Ed.; Moreno, Pablo, Ed.; Hershkovitz, Arnon, Ed.; Ventura, Sebastian, Ed.; Desmarais, Michel, Ed.

    2015-01-01

    The 8th International Conference on Educational Data Mining (EDM 2015) is held under auspices of the International Educational Data Mining Society at UNED, the National University for Distance Education in Spain. The conference held in Madrid, Spain, July 26-29, 2015, follows the seven previous editions (London 2014, Memphis 2013, Chania 2012,…

  13. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the impact of…

  14. La inteligencia emocional como variable predictora de adaptación psicosocial en estudiantes de la Comunidad de Madrid

    OpenAIRE

    Fernández González, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Tesis doctoral inédita leída en la Universidad Autónoma de Madrid, Facultad de Formación de Profesorado y Educación, Departamento de Didáctica y Teoría de la Educación. Fecha de lectura : 6 de septiembre de 2010

  15. Evaluation of the surface urban heat island effect in the city of Madrid by thermal remote sensing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobrino, J.; Oltra-Carrio, R; Jimenez-Munoz, J.C.; Franch, B.; Hidalgo, V.; Mattar, C.; Julien, Y.; Cuenca, J.; Romaguera, M.; Gomez, J.A.; Miguel, de E.; Bianchi, R.; Paganini, M.

    2013-01-01

    The surface urban heat island (SUHI) effect is defined as the increased surface temperatures in urban areas in contrast to cooler surrounding rural areas. In this article, the evaluation of the SUHI effect in the city of Madrid (Spain) from thermal infrared (TIR) remote-sensing data is presented. Th

  16. Low Blood Lead Levels and educational achievement in 7-8 year old children in the Community of Madrid (Spain

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    José María Ordóñez Iriarte

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Background: Lead affects the behavioral and cognitive functions of children. The current lead safety level for avoiding these adverse effects is still controversial.Methods of study: A cross-sectional study included 511 children from 23 primary schools within the Comunidad de Madrid (the Madrid Region –including the city of Madrid and the large urban-industrial conurbation of satellite towns surrounding it, Spain. The children’s blood lead levels were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry. In addition, the teachers completed an eight-item questionnaire about the children’s behavior and academic achievement. Parents filled in a self-completion survey about the sociodemographic variables of the children and the family.Results: The mean Blood Lead Level (BLL of the children was 4.1 μg/dL SD 1.6 μg/dL (log transformed 3.8 μg/dL SD 0.2 μg/dL. Multivariate analysis controlling for relevant sociodemographic cofactors (among others, sex, age and educational level of the parents showed a negative association, but this was not statistically significant.Conclusions: Despite the low blood lead levels found in the children of the Comunidad de Madrid (Spain and the design limitations of the study, the results obtained suggest the existence of a harmful, but not statistically significant, effect of blood lead on the behavior and academic achievement of children.

  17. Energetic ion beams: usefull tool for interdisciplinary studies; Centro de Analisis de Materiales de la Universidad Autonoma de Madrid

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Agullo-Lopez, F.; Climent-Font, A.; Enguita, O.; Pascual, C.; Espeso, O.

    2001-07-01

    In this paper a short review of ion-beam analysis (IBA) techniques is presented emphasizing those to be available in the new Center for Materials Analysis at the University Autonoma de Madrid, Moreover, some applications to interdisciplinary fields such as Materials Science, Art and Patrimony, Environmental Sciences and Biology and Medicine are illustrated through representative examples. (Author) 40 refs.

  18. NUCLEAR ENERGY COMMISSION, HIGHER COUNCIL OF RESEARCH, AND THE CENTER OF RESEARCH IN PHYSICS IN MADRID, SPAIN.

    Science.gov (United States)

    The report gives an account of a liasion visit to three institutions in Madrid: the Junta de la Energia Nuclear (JEN), Spain’s Nuclear Energy...and controls essentially all aspects of scientific research in Spain, and the Centro de Investigaciones Fisicas (CIF) ’Leonardo Torres Quevedo,’ a

  19. B-Learning for Literary Studies in the European Space of Higher Education: Research at Universidad Complutense Madrid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez-Varela, Asuncion; Sanz, Amelia

    2007-01-01

    This report presents the work of LEETHi ("Spanish and European Literatures from Text to Hypertext"), a research group based at Universidad Complutense Madrid, whose projects have focused on the teaching of literature from an intercultural perspective while also helping students to develop competence in information literacy, following the…

  20. Violência durante o sono Violent behavior during sleep

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    Dalva Poyares

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available Casos de comportamento violento (CV durante o sono são relatados na literatura. A incidência de comportamento violento durante o sono não é muito conhecida. Um estudo epidemiológico mostra que cerca de 2% da população geral apresentava comportamento violento dormindo e eram predominantemente homens. Neste artigo, os autores descrevem aspectos clínicos e médico-legais envolvidos na investigação do comportamento violento. O comportamento violento se refere a ferimentos auto-infligidos ou infligidos a um terceiro durante o sono. Ocorre, muito freqüentemente, seguindo um despertar parcial no contexto de um transtorno de despertar (parassonias. Os transtornos do sono predominantes diagnosticados são: transtorno de comportamento REM e sonambulismo. O comportamento violento poderia ser precipitado pelo estresse, uso de álcool e drogas, privação do sono ou febre.Cases of violent behavior during sleep have been reported in the literature. However, the incidence of violent behavior during sleep is not known. One epidemiological study showed that approximately 2% of the general population, predominantly males, presented violent behavior while asleep. In the present study, the authors describe clinical and medico-legal aspects involved in violent behavior investigation. Violent behavior refers to self-injury or injury to another during sleep. It happens most frequently following partial awakening in the context of arousal disorders (parasomnias. The most frequently diagnosed sleep disorders are REM behavior disorder and somnambulism. Violent behavior might be precipitated by stress, use of alcohol or drugs, sleep deprivation or fever.