WorldWideScience

Sample records for machinery manufacturing industries

  1. 77 FR 64462 - Conference on International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-10-22

    ... Conference on International Trade Issues Facing U.S. Machinery Manufacturing Industries AGENCY: Manufacturing... December 4, 2012 the Office of Transportation and Machinery will hold a one-day conference on bi-lateral and multi-lateral international trade issues impacting the U.S. machinery manufacturing...

  2. Present Situation of Petroleum Machinery Manufacturers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Xilu

    2008-01-01

    Since China joined the WTO, the environment for the development of petroleum machinery industry in the country has changed a lot. As international petroleum machinery manufacturers enter into Chinese market, petroleum machinery manufacturers of the country are facing fierce competition both at home and abroad.

  3. Development and improvement: Status of Textile Machinery Manufacturing in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    The past over 20 years of reform & open-door practices has witnessed an amazingly rapid development in China’s textile machinery manufacturing.1. The change in the production scale: the number oftextile machinery manufacturers grew from over 150 plants listed exceptionally in the category of textile industrial system in the old traditional planned economy to the over 500 plants that come from all sectors of industries engaged in textile machinery manufacturing in the new socialist market-driven economy. The production output value grew from 870 million RMB(Chinese Yuan) in 1987 to 14.7 billion RMB, 18

  4. Italian Textile Machinery Industry Focuses on Sustainability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    As for fashion industry,Italian brands always play as one of the leaders influencing the global trends.This time,in Shanghai,the Italian textile machinery manufacturers highlight the latest proposals on sustainability and eco-friendly technology.

  5. Discussion on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Manufacturing Industries in China%我国农机制造业发展的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈海燕; 张荣英

    2009-01-01

    In view of the development opportunities faced by agricultural machinery manufacturing industries,the problems in agricultural machinery manufacturing industries are analyzed including laggard manufacturing technology,low-level automation of manufacturing enterprises,hysteretic production organization and management means,and simple product etc.The countermeasures are put forward including introducing the advanced manufacturing technologies,equipping the advanced equipment and importing the advanced management means and so on.%从农机制造业面临的发展机遇入手,分析了农机制造业中存在制造技术落后、制造企业自动化程度不高、生产组织和管理手段滞后及产品单一等问题,提出了引入先进制造技术、配备先进装备、引进先进管理手段等解决措施.

  6. Recent Advances in Precision Machinery and Manufacturing Technology

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Liu, Chien-Hung; Hsieh, Wen-Hsiang; Chang, Zong-Yu

    2014-01-01

    Precision machinery and manufacturing technology are be- coming more important in current and future technologies. New knowledge in this field will aid in the advancement of various technologies that are needed to gain industrial competitiveness. To this end, the special issue aims to disseminate...... manufacturing systems, sensors and materials, CAD/CAM/CAE for precision machinery, computation/numerical method, intelligent system and ap- proach, vibration engineering, mechanism design, and fluid- dynamics/thermodynamics....

  7. White-Paper Report: Textile Machinery Industry (2005-2009) Economic Performance in Chinese Textile Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Internal Impacts on Textile Machinery Sector 1.Industrial Scale Like many other industrial sectors,the textile machinery industry was also affected by global financial crisis that led to credit crunch in the important markets where consumers'spending plummeted.The textile machinery manufacturers ran into a lot of problems in the balance sheets when international markets were structured in a way that is different from domestic market in terms of consumers'demand.It is very hard for these manufacturers to gain some market share simply by shifting their export-oriented products to local clients in hope to overcome difficulties.

  8. Fire Control Safety Management Strategies in Machinery Manufacturing Industry%机械制造业消防安全管理对策

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兵兵

    2014-01-01

    The paper objectively analyzes the fire risk in machinery manufacturing, points out many problems existing in the management of fire safety and provides the specific guiding opinions.%文章客观地分析了机械制造存在的火灾危险性,指出了消防安全管理中存在的诸多问题,并针对具体问题提出了指导性意见。

  9. Italian Textite Machinery Industry Focuses on Sustainability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Wang Ting

    2010-01-01

    @@ At the ITMA Asia+CITME 2010,which was held on June 22at the Shanghai New International Expo Centre in Shanghai,Italian textile machinery manufacturers represented one of the largest foreign delegations: 115exhibitors occupying a total surface area of about 4,000 sq.meters.

  10. Machinery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ China Council for the Promotion of International Trade, Machin-ery Sub-Council (referred to as CCPIT MSC) & China Chamber of International Commerce, Machinery Chamber of Commerce was founded in 1988 as one of the first group of industrial trade promotion agencies approved by the governing authorities of China.

  11. Rapid Growth of China Petroleum Machinery Manufacturing (continued)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang Zhiqian; Sun Zuchen; Wang Keyu

    1996-01-01

    @@ Technology for petroleum machinery design and manufacturing upgraded remarkably The basic research on rock bit. drilling pump. pump valve, piston, flooding pumps, derrick, shale shaker.hydraulic blowout preventer, torque converter, pumping unit. sucker rod. submersible pump. fracturing pump centrifugal pump. pneumatic parts, geophone and acquisition station has reached the advanced international level.

  12. The Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-06-01

    the organization.”92 Dr. Eliyahu Goldratt designed the most popular system, based on his “Theory of Constraints.” He emphasized the importance of...Exploring Advanced Manufacturing Technologies. New York, NY, Industrial Press Inc. Goldratt , Eliyahu M. and Robert E. Fox. The Race. Croton-on-Hudson

  13. 德国机械制造业带给中国木工机械行业的思考%Reflection on the Industry of China's Woodworking Machinery Stimulated by German Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周忠锋; 刘保滨

    2012-01-01

    The current situation of German woodworking manufacturing industry and China's woodworking equipment is introduced in brief, and the development trend of China' s woodworking industry is presented.%简要介绍了德国和我国木工机械制造业概况,指出了我国木工机械的发展方向。

  14. Development Targets of China’s Textile Machinery Manufacturing in the next 5 Years

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    During the 10th Five-Year, the development of textile machinery will be focused on the general targets of our domestic textile industry-industrial restructuring, technical progress, products upgrading, quality improvement of apparel fabric, replace imported fabric with domestic fabric, and expansion of export. For the benefits of apparel quality, great efforts will be made to improve the technologies in the production process of fiber manufacturing, yarn spinning, fabric weaving, dyeing-printing and finishing, and to encourage the manufacturers to compete both in domestic market and in international market.

  15. Lead the Industry Forward with the Latest Products-- An Interview of Shi Jianping, Vice President of Jingwei Textile Machinery Co., Ltd.

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Flora Zhao

    2012-01-01

    Jingwei Textile Machinery Co., Ltd., as a representative of high-end textile equipment manufacturing industry and the biggestmanufacturer of complete sets of cotton spinning machinery in China, is equipped with over 50 years of experiences in textile machinery design and manufacturing as well as perfect R&D and production system.

  16. Lifetimes of Machinery and Equipment. Evidence from Dutch Manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erumban, Abdul Azeez

    2006-01-01

    This paper estimates service lifetimes for capital assets in Dutch manufacturing industries, using information on asset retirement patterns. A Weibull distribution function is estimated using a nonlinear regression technique to derive service lifetimes for three selected asset types: transport equip

  17. Industrial Machinery Maintenance and Repair. Florida Vocational Program Guide.

    Science.gov (United States)

    University of South Florida, Tampa. Dept. of Adult and Vocational Education.

    This vocational program guide is intended to assist in the organization, operation, and evaluation of a program in industrial machinery maintenance and repair in school districts, area vocational centers, and community colleges. The following topics are covered: job duties of millwrights, maintenance mechanics, and machinery erectors; program…

  18. Lifetimes of machinery and equipment : evidence from Dutch manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Erumban, 27675

    2008-01-01

    This paper estimates service lifetimes for capital assets in Dutch manufacturing industries, using information on asset retirement patterns. A Weibull distribution function is estimated using a non-linear regression technique to derive service lifetimes for three selected asset types: transport equi

  19. Enlightenments of German Industry 4.0 and 2025 of Chinese Woodworking Machinery Manufacturing%德国工业4.0的启示与中国木工机械制造2025

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马岩; 夏子钧; 李博

    2015-01-01

    介绍了德国工业4.0的发展情况,阐述了德国工业4.0与中国制造2025的异同,提出中国木工机械制造2025的发展目标;分析中国木工机械制造2025的核心竞争力,指出中国木工机械的发展必须利用自动化红利取代人口红利,在吸收国外先进技术的同时,依靠产学研发展具有中国特色的智能化木工机械,实现中国从木工机械大国到强国的转型。%This paper introduces the development situation of German Industry 4.0, and describes the differences and the similarities of between German Industry 4.0 and Made in China 2025. It proposes the development goals of Chinese wood-working machinery in 2025 and analyses the core competitiveness of it. It points out that the population bonus must be re-placed by the automation bonus in the process of Chinese woodworking machinery development. And it raises that China should absorb foreign advanced technology while developing intelligent woodworking machinery with Chinese characteristic based on the development of study, research and production In this way, China is going to transform from a big country to a powerful nation in the woodworking machinery industry.

  20. Government Doc.: Guideline for Chinese Textile Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ Editor's note: Ministry of Industry and Information Technology(MIIT)has issued an instructive guideline for the development of textile machinery industry in China in an effort to cope with the impact of financial crisis and elaborate on its support for the specific area of interest in promoting this industry in the days to come.This document is taken as an guidebook for textile players to know where this industry will go,and what goals to reach.

  1. White-Paper Report:Textile Machinery Industry (2005-2009) Economic Performance in Chinese Textile Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    This report is accomplished by China Textile Machinery and Accessories Association to be part of the Annual Report of China Textile Industry that comes out in the middle of the year.Given that all the official statistics are channeled to each industrial sector four times a year(March,May,Aug.Nov.) ,it comes as no surprise at all when an annual report is prepared at the beginning of the new year by taking eleven months into account because of the data availability from the government.This report of Chinese textile machinery industry is also based on the data attainable from Jan.to Nov.in 2009.

  2. Application of Modern Manufacturing Technology in Agricultural Machinery Manufacture%现代制造技术在农业机械制造业中的应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓明; 齐忠军

    2014-01-01

    In recent years, modern manufacturing technology is widely used in agricultural machinery; it speeds up the development of relative enterprises. The article expounds the status of digit-controlled lathe、virtual reality technology and digital technology application in agricultural machinery manufacture, it provides a reference for promoting the development of agricultural machinery manufacture industry.%近年来,现代制造技术被广泛运用到农业机械中,并且成为企业发展壮大的关键因素。阐述数控机床、虚拟现实技术以及数字化技术在农业机械制造业中的应用现状,为促进农业机械制造业的发展提供参考。

  3. Government Doc.:Guideline for Chinese Textile Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    Ministry of industry and information Technology(MIIT) has issued an instructive guideline for the development of textile machinery industry in China in an effort to cope with the impact of financial crisis and elaborate on its support for the specific area of interest in promoting this industry in the days to come.This document is taken as an guidebook for textile players to know where this industry will go,and what goals to reach.Whether you are an investor or a competitor,we advise you to study it,to understand it and to take advantage of it.It’s good for all.

  4. Leading Textile Machinery Manufacturers Snap up ITMA ASIA + CITME 2012 Exhibition Space

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Despite the current global economic slowdown, leading textile machinery manufacturers around the world are still attracted to prospects offered by the world's largest textile producer - China. This can be seen from the overwhelming response received by the combined textile machinery show,

  5. Italian Textile Machinery Manufacturers Reveal Sustainable Solutions at ITMA ASIA + CITME 2012

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    ITMA ASIA + CITME is the international textile machinery trade show which is held every two years in China. Again this year, the Italian contingent is one of the largest to attend. In fact, there are 117 Italian textile machinery manufacturers from 12-16 June at the Shanghai New International Expo Centre.

  6. Survey of US Department of Defense Manufacturing Technology Program activities applicable to civilian manufacturing industries. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Azimi, S.A.; Conrad, J.L.; Reed, J.E.

    1985-03-01

    Intent of the survey was to identify and characterize activities potentially applicable to improving energy efficiency and overall productivity in the civilian manufacturing industries. The civilian industries emphasized were the general manufacturing industries (including fabricated metals, glass, machinery, paper, plastic, textile, and transportation equipment manufacturing) and the primary metals industries (including primary aluminum, copper, steel, and zinc production). The principal steps in the survey were to: develop overview taxonomies of the general manufacturing and primary metals industries as well as specific industry taxonomies; identify needs and opportunities for improving process energy efficiency and productivity in the industries included; identify federal programs, capabilities, and special technical expertise that might be relevant to industry's needs and opportunities; contact federal laboratories/facilities, through visits and other forms of inquiry; prepare formatted profiles (descriptions) potentially applicable work efforts; review findings with industry; and compile and evaluate industry responses.

  7. 下游技术标准受控对装备制造业自主创新的捆绑约束——基于中国通信设备制造业分析%Binding Constraint of Downstream Controlled Technical Standards on Self-innovation of Machinery Industries: Analysis Based on China's Telecommunication Equipment Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈爱贞

    2012-01-01

    International industrial transfer upgraded step by step along the "consumer goods - consumer elec- tronics-equipment manufacturing". It is also the course of China's industries participating in the international divi- sion of labor. So in China downstream industries participated in international division of labor earlier than machiner- y industries. With international competition showing the trend of standard license, China's downstream industries had to introduce technology and standards from multinational enterprises. Then with downstream-upstream technolo- gy association enhanced, the technology of upstream industries must be compatible with the downstream, therefore upstream industries such as machinery industries had to follow downstream to introduce technology and standards from multinational enterprises. It means that multinational enterprises with international technical standards in an industry can control other related industries through technology association. From the perspective of technology association of industrial chain, we can understand why China's machinery industries have been in the plight of coexistence of high growth and low capacity for independent innovation in a long time. This paper builds a model to study how multinational enterprises controlling downstream technical standards re- fuse to license patents in upstream high value-added sectors, and relax license in upstream low value-added sec- tors, which induce more local firms of machinery industries to enter low value-added sectors. Fierce competition will lower profit and stifle innovation in low value-added sectors. And resource crowding-out effect will make local firms in high value-added sectors lack resource support for innovation. Empirical analysis based on China's telecommunication equipment manufacturing industry shows that because of big gap of technology China's information and communication industry had to introduce technical standards of 1G and 2G from Europe

  8. Assembly-Line Manufacturing Industry Simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain, R. G.; Firnett, P. J.

    1985-01-01

    Assists in economic analysis of production line manufacturing. Originally developed to estimate product price received by hypothetical U.S. industry that manufactures silicon solar modules for use in electricity generation, SAMIS extended and generalized to extent that it simulates operation of many different production line manufacturing industries and/or companies.

  9. Industry 4.0 with Cyber-Physical Integration: A Design and Manufacture Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Saldivar, Alfredo Alan Flores; Li, Yun; Chen, Wei-Neng; Zhan, Zhi-Hui; Zhang, Jun; Chen, Leo Yi

    2015-01-01

    Foreseeing changes in the way companies manufacture products and provide services, future trends are emerging in design and manufacture. Together with growing internet applications and technologies connected through the cloud, a new Industrial Revolution, named “Industry 4.0”, aims to integrate cyber-virtual and cyber-physical systems to aid smart manufacturing, as presented in this paper. Connecting information and physical machinery, this new paradigm relies on how effective and fast connec...

  10. 2001 Industry Studies: Advanced Manufacturing

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    markets, production and innovation. After encountering growing international competition in the 1970’s and 1980’s, U.S. manufacturers sought new and better...competitive advantages and better performance in world markets. Importantly, advanced manufacturing involves the innovative integration of new technology...the traditional parameters of mass production, giving rise to a new era in manufacturing in which manufacturers are increasing the speed and

  11. PERFORMANCE EVALUATION METHOD FOR BUSINESS PROCESS OF MACHINERY MANUFACTURER BASED ON DEA/AHP HYBRID MODEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Ting; YI Shuping; YANG Yuanzhao

    2007-01-01

    A set of indices for performance evaluation for business processes with multiple inputs and multiple outputs is proposed, which are found in machinery manufacturers. Based on the traditional methods of data envelopment analysis (DEA) and analytical hierarchical process (AHP), a hybrid model called DEA/AHP model is proposed to deal with the evaluation of business process performance. With the proposed method, the DEA is firstly used to develop a pairwise comparison matrix, and then the AHP is applied to evaluate the performance of business process using the pairwise comparison matrix. The significant advantage of this hybrid model is the use of objective data instead of subjective human judgment for performance evaluation. In the case study, a project of business process reengineering (BPR) with a hydraulic machinery manufacturer is used to demonstrate the effectiveness of the DEA/AHP model.

  12. IT投资对我国机械制造业上市公司技术效率的影响分析%Empirical Research on Impact of Investment in Information Technology on Technical Efficiency of Listed Companies in Machinery Manufacturing Industry of China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    任娟

    2011-01-01

    将IT投资作为投入要素和企业特征变量,基于SFA模型和DEA-Tobit模型分别构造了6个模型,以2004-2008年我国机械、设备、仪表制造业上市公司为样本,就IT投资对我国机械制造业上市公司技术效率的影响进行了实证分析.结果表明:SFA和DEA在测算技术效率方面具有较好的一致性,"生产率悖论"仍然存在;两种视角下测得的技术效率具有显著差异,且在SFA中,作为企业特征变量的IT投资的影响大于其作为生产要素的影响,这在DEA中情况正好相反;企业规模与技术效率正相关,企业资产负债率和企业年限与技术效率负相关,股权集中度与技术效率的关系不显著.%From these two perspectives, namely information technology as production factor and as firm-specific factor, this paper studies the relationship between the investment in information technology and technical efficiency of listed companies in machinery manufacturing industry of China.The results show as follows:the methods of SFA and DEA are consistent in measuring technical efficiency;the productivity paradox exists in listed companies in machinery manufacturing industry of China;the impact of the investment in information technology on technical efficiency when the investment in information technology being as a firm-specific factor is more obvious than that when it being as a production factor based on SFA, and this condition based on DEA is opposite; technical efficiency has the positive correlation with firm's scale, has the negative correlation with asset-liability ratio and firm's age,and the relation between ownership concentration and technical efficiency isn't confirmed.

  13. Economic Performance of Textile Machinery Industry in China(1-2, 2009)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ China's textile machinery industry saw a continued decline in total profit and a hefty slump in imports and exports in the first two months of 2009. Analysts anticipated a continued weakening of momentum for China's textile machinery markets, owing to weaker consumer spending and easing export growth.

  14. World Manufacturing Industry: Structural and Spatial Shifts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    IRINA RODIONOVA

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The article estimates countries’ and regions’ posit ions on the world ranking hierarchy in the manufacturing industry. The research is focusing on the characteristic of structural and spatial shift s of the world manufacturing industry. These trends have led to the restructuring of the world economy and main shifts in the manufacturing locations both at regional and global levels occurred. Developing countries have got a great chance to become active players in the world economy. Structural shifts occ ur suddenly both in manufacturing location and in the industrial composition in the recent decades. There have been shifts in the HT-industry compositi on. The shift to developing Asian countries is reve aled.

  15. Manufacturing strategy issues in selected Indian manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahender Singh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents some findings of Indian manufacturing sectors viz. automobile (especially two-wheeler, tractor and general manufacturing industry. Various manufacturing strategy issues such as competitive priorities, improvement activities, and performance measures, have been identified and assessed in Indian context. Sector wise comparison of competitive priorities, improvement activities i.e. advanced manufacturing technology (AMT, integrated information systems (IIS, and advanced management systems (AMS, and performance measure, is provided. Our results showed that most of the Indian companies are still emphasizing on quality. However, automobile sector has set to compete globally with high innovation rate, faster new product development, and continuous improvement. It is also observed that Indian companies are investing more in AMS as compared to IIS and AMT. Manufacturing competence index is also computed for each sector.

  16. Manufacturing Industry, Industry Study, Spring 2009

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-01-01

    Adam Smith famously warned that “…[i]f any particular manufacture was...www.weforum.org/documents/GCR0809/index.html. 11 Adam Smith . “The Wisdom of Adam Smith (1723 – 1790),” (The Adam Smith Institute, 2009), http...ca20090313_410106.htm. Smith, Adam. “The Wisdom of Adam Smith (1723 – 1790).” The Adam Smith Institute.

  17. Competence Analysis of China's Panel Furniture Machinery Industry%中国板式家具机械行业竞争力分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    介绍了国内板式家具机械行业主要生产企业的产值及其所占有的市场份额。%The output value and market share of major manufacturing enterprises in domestic panel furniture machinery industry are introduced.

  18. Manufacturing Capacity Utilization and Industrial Development in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    FIRST LADY

    faster rate than any other sector as well as wider and more efficient linkage among different sectors ... of manufacturing industries in the growth process is linked with the choice of ... successive governments in Nigeria have continued to articulate policy .... Where;. LNIND=Logarithm function of index of industrial production.

  19. B2B Marketing in the Flexographic Machinery Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Verner, Jan

    2012-01-01

    Soma Engineering, Czech engineering company, designed its new marketing strategy in order to succeed amongst its competitors in the flexographic machinery market. Goal of the thesis is to verify if the new marketing strategy of SOMA engineering leads to desired positioning of the company and its products in selected markets. In case, the research indicates that the strategy does not work, identify the areas/attributes where the company lacks behind the desired positioning. Desired positioning...

  20. Photovoltaic industry manufacturing technology. Final report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vanecek, D.; Diver, M.; Fernandez, R. [Automation and Robotics Research Inst., Fort Worth, TX (United States)

    1998-08-01

    This report contains the results of the Photovoltaic (PV) Industry Manufacturing Technology Assessment performed by the Automation and Robotics Research Institute (ARRI) of the University of Texas at Arlington for the National Renewable Energy laboratory. ARRI surveyed eleven companies to determine their state-of-manufacturing in the areas of engineering design, operations management, manufacturing technology, equipment maintenance, quality management, and plant conditions. Interviews with company personnel and plant tours at each of the facilities were conducted and the information compiled. The report is divided into two main segments. The first part of the report presents how the industry as a whole conforms to ``World Class`` manufacturing practices. Conclusions are drawn from the results of a survey as to the areas that the PV industry can improve on to become more competitive in the industry and World Class. Appendix A contains the questions asked in the survey, a brief description of the benefits to performing this task and the aggregate response to the questions. Each company participating in the assessment process received the results of their own facility to compare against the industry as a whole. The second part of the report outlines opportunities that exist on the shop floor for improving Process Equipment and Automation Strategies. Appendix B contains the survey that was used to assess each of the manufacturing processes.

  1. Simple, cost effective & result oriented framework for supplier performance measurement in sports goods manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The emergences of global markets have increased competition worldwide. For the Sports Goods Manufacturing Industry which is considered to be an intensive supplier base industry with limited resources to sustain in what is already a very competitive market there is a need for the entire supply chain viz. raw material and machinery suppliers and manufacturers to measure their supplier's performance to reduce business risks and revenue losses. How to design & execute a simple, cost effective & result oriented Framework for Supplier Performance Measurement for sports goods manufacturing small - medium enterprises is the main aim of this research paper.

  2. Microwave Incentive in the Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    A; M; Hasna

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the importance of innovation in t he manufacturing enterprise and the need for the engineering education to conver ge with research and innovation. In pursuit of the ultimate manufacturing proces s. Change is inevitable which constantly creates new demands on both engineers a nd the educational system. These demands are consistent with the economic, cultu ral, and social evolution, which finally influence the end technology. In parall el, the change in industrial heating is imminent due...

  3. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    OpenAIRE

    Khayrullin Rustam; Marichev Pavel

    2016-01-01

    The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery...

  4. Many Achievements in the Rubber Machinery industry Awarded the Scientific and Technological Award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    ChenWeifang

    2011-01-01

    Recently, China Petroleum and Chemical Industry Federation (CPCIF) publicized the projects awarding the scientific and technological award of the CPCIF in 2011. Many achievements in the rubber machinery industry were awarded, and the quantity of awards was the most in recent years.

  5. 75 FR 36421 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Postapproval Manufacturing...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-06-25

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Postapproval Manufacturing Changes Reportable in Annual Reports; Availability AGENCY: Food and... the availability of a draft guidance for industry entitled ``CMC Postapproval Manufacturing Changes...

  6. Industrial Manufacturer but with Low Efficiency

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晓华

    2007-01-01

    The past three decades or so have seen the rapid growth of China’s industry,with its growth rate one of the fastest in the world.As a result,China has evolved into a major industrial power and manufacturer.Its industrial output,the amount of FDI and export volume rank among the highest in the world.Industrial competitiveness has also been greatly enhanced.However,generally speaking,the status of China’s industry in the world market is mainly demonstrated in its quantity,and its competitive edge lies dominantly in the low cost of the manufacturing industry.There still exists a wide gap between China and developed countries in terms of the quality of industrial development,which is characterized by low-level technology,inadequate innovation capability,undesirable economic performance,high resource consumption and heavy environmental pollution.Therefore,China should follow a new type of industrialization,make efforts to develop cyclic economy,enhance its innovation capability,better the quality of economic growth and raise its status in the global division of labour.

  7. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRAINING AND SKILL REQUIREMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS. VOLUME I. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LYNN, FRANK

    DRAMATIC CHANGES IN THE CHARACTERISTICS AND COMPLEXITY OF PRODUCTION MACHINERY AND EQUIPMENT HAVE CREATED A GROWING NEED FOR ADEQUATELY TRAINED AND SKILLED MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS IN INDUSTRY. THIS STUDY DEFINED THE CHARACTERISTICS OF THE LABOR MARKET FOR MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS SUCH AS MILLWRIGHTS, MECHANICAL HYDRAULIC, ELECTRICAL,…

  8. The Management of Park Equipment and Machinery Used in the Construction Industry and Housing Sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khayrullin Rustam

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available The mathematical model was created, applicable to elaboration of options of development of a park of equipment and machinery used in construction industry, housing and utility management. The model based on solving the linear programming problem by means of simplex method. The mathematical model allows develop the rational plans and quasi optimal plans. The model is based on the created in the article the financial management algorithms of procurement and of repairs of equipment and machinery. The algorithms allow to take into account joint consideration of indicators of modernity and operability of equipment and machinery. The basic model is developed. The model is included into the automated planning system. It is used for planning and preparation of proposals of draft policy documents for development of park devices, equipment and machinery.

  9. Hi-Shan Co., Ltd Be the Leader of Machinery and Equipment Manufacture%海山机械:非破坏性挖掘技术探路者

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    于占波

    2016-01-01

    Under such a iferce competition among the machinery and equipment manufacture industry, any new players have to rely on how much core technology they have had in hand if they want to take a stable position in the market. Hi-shan Co., Ltd, though lately established, was the one who had positioned itself in the market through such a correct strategy.

  10. Cost Management of Motor Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Chunyan

    2013-01-01

    Through the study on the way to reduce the cost of motor manufacturing industry, this paper ful y infiltrates the definition of cost into al aspects of enterprise production and operation. That is to say, only comprehensive, ful-staf and ful-proces cost control can greatly enhance enterprise competitivenes initiative at the time of enhancing the competitiveness of enterprise products in the market.

  11. Design and Manufacture of Low Carbon for Grain and Oil Machinery Products%粮油机械产品的低碳设计制造

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    池优阳; 阮竞兰

    2015-01-01

    分析了传统粮油机械产品在设计制造业和使用行业中对环境造成的影响,并对粮油机械产品低碳设计碳足迹计算、评估、低碳产品认证等方面进行了简要概述,提出了粮油机械产品采用低碳设计制造的方法途径。指出低碳设计制造是粮油机械制造业解决环境污染问题的有效方法,最后对粮油机械产品低碳设计的未来发展趋势进行构想和展望。%The root causes of environmental problems from traditional grain and oil machinery are ana-lyzed,and the following aspects of carbon footprint calculation,evaluation and low carbon product certification as the evaluation index for the low carbon design effects were summarized the way of Design and Manufacture of Low Carbon for Grain and Oil machinery products are put forward.Implementation of Low Carbon design and manufacturing is the way of the Grain and Oil machinery products manufacturing industry to solve the environ-mental problems.Finally the prospects and future development trend of grain and oil machinery products low carbon design were proposed.

  12. TECHNICAL AND INSTITUTIONAL ISSUES OF AN INTELLIGENCE COMPETITIVE SYSTEM FOR WOODWORKING MACHINERY INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruth M. Hofmann

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a competitive intelligence system developed for the entrepreneurs of the Brazilian woodworking machinery industry. The system, called MaqMad, was designed as a tool to support the enterprise decision-making and gathers information on the competitive and technological environment of the industry. The architecture of the system allows customizing the access to the information available concerning the particularities of each user. Unlike the original conceptions of IC, eminently intra-organizational, MaqMad was structured as an area of inter-organizational cooperation among companies that make up the industry, as well as suppliers and consumers of such equipment. Based on the characterization of technical and institutional aspects, the main limits of the system operation are presented and the possibilities of overcoming them. Keywords: competitive intelligence; MaqMad, woodworking machinery, benchmarking; technology, competitiveness

  13. Industrial manufacturing of electric insulators; Fabricacion industrial de aisladores electricos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gonzalez, Lucia [Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas, Cuernavaca (Mexico)

    1987-12-31

    Porcelain is the insulating material more extensively used for electric insulators manufacturing, due to its dielectric properties; nevertheless, it presents fragility problems of manufacture and of resistance to the thermal shock, among others. For this reason studies are being conducted for the substitution of porcelain in the electric insulators manufacturing. In this area, the Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas developed an improved insulating formulation - the polymeric concrete- and an industrial prototype machine for the manufacture of high voltage electric insulators for outdoors use. [Espanol] La porcelana es el material aislante electrico mas utilizado en la elaboracion de aisladores electricos, debido a sus propiedades dielectricas; sin embargo, presenta problemas de fragilidad, de fabricacion y de baja resistencia al choque termico, entre otros. Es por ello que se realizan estudios para sustituir la porcelana en la fabricacion de aisladores electricos. En este campo, el Instituto de Investigaciones Electricas desarrollo una formulacion aislante mejorada -el concreto polimerico- y una maquina prototipo industrial para fabricar aisladores electricos de alto voltaje para uso en exteriores.

  14. Prefabricated Construction using Digitally Integrated Industrial Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harry Giles

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes research being carried out in relation to prefabricated high density affordablehousing under a grant from the Partnership for the Advancement of Technology in Housing(PATH and the National Science Foundation (NSF in the USA. The objective is to demonstratehow a new paradigm for the conceptualization and construction of buildings can be conceivedof as an entirely factory based process that creates advantages for construction through industrialsystems technology transfer. Our approach is intended to transform design methodologythrough demonstrating how alternative construction concepts, using entirely pre-manufacturedvolumetric units, can be adopted. This involves digital modeling that facilitates parametric variationsfor creating customized prefabricated products from design conceptualization through tofinal product delivery. The paper discusses key areas under investigation in relation to a manufacturingparadigm used in the automotive industry that integrates virtual prototyping and industrialmanufacturing systems. Our research explores a type of monocoque volumetric unit prefabricatedin steel, which will be pre-finished as part of a modular factory-built approach usingindustrialized methodologies that will facilitate customized manufacture of a high quality energyefficient product for affordable housing.The paper addresses the automotive industry methods of manufacture that have served increasedautomobile performance and economics through mass production for over a century. In starkcontrast, the building industry and in particular the housing industry is still a century behind. It issuggested that a move away from tradition will require an industry wide initiative, just like HenryFord led the way with mass production. By embracing the increasing sophistication and capabilitythat digital technology offers, it is shown how digital tools are implemented towards masscustomization in house design using virtual modeling in the

  15. EXPLORING LINKS AMONG INVENTORY AND FINANCIAL PERFORMANCE IN THE AGRICULTURAL MACHINERY INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dimitris Folinas

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to investigate the effects of Inventory Turnover and Inventory Days on firm performance in the United Kingdom agricultural machinery industry by examining past literature reviews and empirical evidence of a primary research. Specific performance measures such as Earnings before Interest and Tax to Sales Ratio, Gross Profit to Sales Ratio, and Return on Assets are examined by conducting statistical analyses to determine the correlations between inventory and financial performance in agricultural machinery industry. The analysis of Inventory Turnover with financial performance measures doesn’t indicate any links between these variables. Furthermore, based on the results, Inventory Days plays a role in the financial performance of organisations however to varying degrees.

  16. Research on Improving Manufacturing Practice Quality in Mechanical Industrial Design

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaowei Jiang

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In order to solve the problems existing in the manufacturing practice of mechanical industrial design, a series of methods and concrete measures are proposed, so as to improve the quality of manufacturing practice of mechanical industrial design. In this study, the problems existing in the manufacturing practice of mechanical industrial design are analyzed detailedly. And the methods and concrete measures including establishing the new mode of manufacturing practice of mechanical industrial design, improving the understanding to manufacturing practice and knowing the major role, establishing a professional characteristic base of manufacturing practice and strengthening the construction of instructor troops of manufacturing practice are proposed, which will certainly have a profound theoretical and practical guiding significance. On this foundation, the research conclusion on improving manufacturing practice quality in mechanical industrial design is done.

  17. Opportunities offered by the raw material boom to German mining machinery manufacturers; Chancen des Rohstoffbooms fuer die deutschen Bergbaumaschinenhersteller

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stoeckmann, K. [Verband Deutscher Maschinen- und Anlagenbau e.V. (VDMA), Frankfurt am Main (Germany). Fachverband Bergbaumaschinen

    2008-05-13

    Since the beginning of the raw material boom four years ago the positive trend in the mining machinery branch in Germany has accelerated. The globalisation of the branch was assisted by the good national and international network between manufacturers of mining equipment, associations, consultants, financial institutions and politicians. The branch is currently well established internationally with an export share of 86%. This puts it into a position to continue to utilise the opportunities offered by the raw material boom. (orig.)

  18. AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRAINING AND SKILL REQUIREMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS. VOLUME II. FINAL REPORT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    LYNN, FRANK

    THE APPENDIXES FOR "AN INVESTIGATION OF THE TRAINING AND SKILL REQUIREMENTS OF INDUSTRIAL MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS, FINAL REPORT, VOLUME I" (VT 004 006) INCLUDE (1) TWO LETTERS FROM PLANT ENGINEERS STRESSING THE IMPORTANCE OF TRAINING MACHINERY MAINTENANCE WORKERS, (2) A DESCRIPTION OF THE MAINTENANCE TRAINING SURVEY, A SAMPLE QUESTIONNAIRE,…

  19. Textile Machinery Saw Greater Increases in Profits Year on Year——Economic Operation Overview of Textile Machinery Industry,First Half Year of 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhao Fei

    2011-01-01

    January to April in 2011,the textile machinery industry saw total profits of 1.861 billion yuan,increasing 45.19% year on year;the overall operating performance of the industry presents a stable development momentum with a decline in gross profits.From January to May of this year,the cumulative total import and export value amounts to 3.209 billion USD,rising 51.39% over the same period

  20. Computer integrated manufacturing in the chemical industry : Theory & practice

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ashayeri, J.; Teelen, A.; Selen, W.J.

    1995-01-01

    This paper addresses the possibilities of implementing Computer Integrated Manufacturing in the process industry, and the chemical industry in particular. After presenting some distinct differences of the process industry in relation to discrete manufacturing, a number of focal points are discussed.

  1. Measuring Green Growth Efficiency for Chinese Manufacturing Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ying Qu

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available As a pillar industry in supporting Chinese economy, Chinese manufacturing industry consumes a large amount of energy and causes serious environmental pollutants. Better understanding the greening level of manufacturing industry is important to promote its green growth. Hence first this study, measures the green growth efficiency for Chinese manufacturing industries by applying the EBM measuring model; second, to better understand the differences and similarity in green growth among those industries, this study categorizes those industries into different types by using cluster analysis. The result shows that within the past nine years, green growth efficiency value for Chinese manufacturing industries rises steadily year by year, and Chinese manufacturing industries have huge promotion potentials in resource saving and environment pollutant reduction. And the characteristics of each different type are analyzed. Finally, policies and suggestions are put forward to promote the green growth of manufacturing industries in China. This study objectively evaluates the green growth level of Chinese manufacturing industry, which is helpful to understand the status quo and also explore green growth path for Chinese manufacturing industries.

  2. RFID's Impacts on Business Value: A Case Study of Supply Chain in the Discrete Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Yun; SHAO Pei-ji; MO Zhi-wu; WANG Tao; SUN Shu

    2006-01-01

    Radio frequency identification (RFID) shall be a revolutionary technological innovation in recent years. Various solutions employing RFID technology have proved their functionality already in such industries as pharmaceuticals, express parcel carrying, and automotive manufacturing, and the increased efficiency and effectiveness has provided a good payback for the investments. But, up to now, fewer researches concentrate on applying RFID to heavy-machinery manufacturing enterprises, which are a typical kind of enterprises in discrete manufacturing industry. The main objective of this case study is to extend our understanding of the potential for RFID to delivery of the heavy-machinery manufacturing enterprise, which involves one specific supply chain. A trial to automate the verification activities of delivery is designed and performed. Results show that the stops currently designed into the processes can be eliminated by employing RFID technology and that RFID should be a revolutionary technology as it redesigns the existing processes, eliminate some current inefficiency, improve the accuracy of delivering the products, increases information sharing between supply chain members.

  3. FDI and firm level export competitiveness in the Indian machinery industry

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    The paper examines the effect of FDI on firm-level export competitiveness by comparing the export behaviour of foreign controlled and domestic firms in Indian machinery industry. It defines the firm-level export competitiveness involving two aspects of export behaviour: i) the export itself or a firm’s decision to export and ii) the exporting firm’s decision on the portion of output to export (export intensity). Findings of the study reveals that the foreign controlled firms have greater like...

  4. What role for manufacturing industries in the urban knowledge economy?

    OpenAIRE

    Van Winden, W.; L. Carvalho; Van Tuijl, E.; van den Berg, L.

    2011-01-01

    The share of manufacturing in many cities has declined dramatically. A growing number of policymakers (including US president Obama) are deeply worried about this, and design policies to revitalise these industries. But is de-industrialisation a problem? And how does manufacturing fit in the new ‘knowledge economy’? This article discusses the new role of manufacturing industries in various types of cities. It is based on a comparative urban study in 10 cities in Europe, Asia and Latin America...

  5. 我国中密度纤维板工业发展及其机械制造业技术进步%The development of Chinese MDF industry and technological progress of machinery building Industry on It

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王晓军; 姜忠斌

    2012-01-01

      介绍30余年来我国中密度纤维板生产及其机械制造业从无到有、从小到大的发展历程,以及中密度纤维板机械制造技术进步的成果%  The production of Chinese Medium Density Fiberboard industry and the development course of its machinery industry in the past three decades were reviewed. The achievements of Medium Density Fiberboard mechanism manufacture technology were also introduced.

  6. An overview of industrial employees' exposure to noise in sundry processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Olayinka, Oyedepo S; Abdullahi, Saadu A

    2009-04-01

    In this work, an overview of industrial employees' noise exposure level in five selected processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin are evaluated and compared. Emphasis is given to noise emitted by individual industrial machinery from the selected industries. Event L(Aeq) and LN cycle were studied to identify the noisy machines and to generate baseline data. Findings show that, hammer mill machine from mineral crushing mills produced the highest average noise (98.4 dB(A), electric generator1 (95.6 dB(A) from soft drink bottling industry, electric generator (97.7 dB(A)) from beer brewing and bottling industry, vacuum pump (93.1 dB(A)) from tobacco making industry and electric generator 2 (94.1 dB(A) from mattress making industry. The highest and lowest average noise exposure levels are recorded in mineral crushing mills (93.16 dB(A)) and mattress making industry (84.69 dB(A)) respectively. The study shows that at 95% confidence level, there is significant difference (pbeer brewing and bottling industry (42.9%), tobacco making industry (71.4%), mattress making industry (11.1%) and minerals crushing mills (87.5%). In the past 20 years, the noise levels in soft drink bottling industry reduced by 0.58 dB(A) and that of beer brewing and bottling industry reduced by 9.66 dB(A). But that of mattress making industry increased by 2.69 dB(A). On the average, the noise level in these industries has reduced by 2.52 dB(A). The results of this study show that the noise control measures put in place have significant impact on the noise exposure level in the industries surveyed.

  7. Industry 4.0 implies lean manufacturing: Research activities in industry 4.0 function as enablers for lean manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Sanders

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Lean Manufacturing is widely regarded as a potential methodology to improve productivity and decrease costs in manufacturing organisations. The success of lean manufacturing demands consistent and conscious efforts from the organisation, and has to overcome several hindrances. Industry 4.0 makes a factory smart by applying advanced information and communication systems and future-oriented technologies. This paper analyses the incompletely perceived link between Industry 4.0 and lean manufacturing, and investigates whether Industry 4.0 is capable of implementing lean. Executing Industry 4.0 is a cost-intensive operation, and is met with reluctance from several manufacturers. This research also provides an important insight into manufacturers’ dilemma as to whether they can commit into Industry 4.0, considering the investment required and unperceived benefits. Design/methodology/approach: Lean manufacturing is first defined and different dimensions of lean are presented. Then Industry 4.0 is defined followed by representing its current status in Germany. The barriers for implementation of lean are analysed from the perspective of integration of resources. Literatures associated with Industry 4.0 are studied and suitable solution principles are identified to solve the abovementioned barriers of implementing lean. Findings: It is identified that researches and publications in the field of Industry 4.0 held answers to overcome the barriers of implementation of lean manufacturing. These potential solution principles prove the hypothesis that Industry 4.0 is indeed capable of implementing lean. It uncovers the fact that committing into Industry 4.0 makes a factory lean besides being smart. Originality/value: Individual researches have been done in various technologies allied with Industry 4.0, but the potential to execute lean manufacturing was not completely perceived. This paper bridges the gap between these two realms, and identifies

  8. Financial crisis and Sustainable development of Chinese manufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lu Bing

    2009-01-01

    Sub-prime lending crisis has become an international financial crisis,which is evolving into an economic recession sweeping across the West.Financial crisis leads to the demand reduction in western countries,and as the largest manufacturing country,China must face overproduction.The role of China as "world factory" determines that financial crisis will severely attack Chinese manufacturing industry.The unsustainable development of Chinese manufacturing industry is mainly reflected in the following aspects:heavy dependence on export,low-level manufacturing link,lack of modern service industry and high-tech industry,weak independent innovative ability,unsustainable exploration of heavy-pollution resources,and lack of international famous brands.How to transform crisis to opportunities is an urgent research topic.Under the circumstance of financial crisis,Chinese manufacturing industry has more external drives to change the current situation.Therefore,financial crisis becomes not only an opportunity for Chinese manufacturing industry to improve itself based on the existing accumulation but also a chance for China to transform from "world factory" into a powerful nation of manufacturing industry in the world.

  9. A Study on Enterprise Strategy Based on Industry Innovation in Electric Generating Set Manufacture Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    CHEN Xin-you; SHAO Yun-fei; DU Yi-fei

    2006-01-01

    Restrictive factors of Chinese generating set equipment manufacturing industry innovation includes technical introduction restraint, system restraint, enterprise resources, ability restraint and resources disperser restraint. In the future, based on industrial innovation,generating set manufacture enterprise's strategic choice, strategies on industry innovation of Chinese generating set manufacturing industry are proposed. There are a lot of means can help,as well as developing many kinds of clean energies and realizing industrial reforming, extending service pattern, promoting industry innovation level, enhancing ability of enterprise's continuous development and accelerating industry's innovation.

  10. Best Manufacturing practice adoptions by Indian Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Nesamoorthy

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to develop a new model to provide guidance and support for Indian manufacturing companies who aim to reach at global level standards both in maintenance and manufacturing processes through continual improvement. Based on this study, a strategic model was developed through conceptual integration of popular process improvement strategies, which are based on ISO, TQM, TPM , Lean Production, six-sigma & TPM. An attempt was made to analyze and address some major limitations of existing models to pave the way of achieving manufacturing excellence.

  11. Review of China s Hydropower Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    China's hydropower equipment manufacturing technology has benef ited from the policy of reform and opening-up and the "Three Gorges Model." The latter means an approach of self-supply of hydropower equipment. Based on the foundations laid through independent research and development, by way of digesting, absorbing and innovating the technologies introduced from abroad for the Left Bank Station of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station, domestic suppliers independently designed and manufactured large hydropower...

  12. 标杆管理在机械制造企业中的应用研究%Application and Research on Benchmarking Management in Machinery Manufacturing Enterprise

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐霞平

    2015-01-01

    在许多行业中标杆管理被视为改善企业经营绩效、提高竞争力最有效果的管理工具,而现行机械制造市场竞争激烈,其竞争主题是创新、质量和速度,因此,迫切需要把标杆管理应用到机械制造企业。本文介绍了标杆管理法及其标杆管理的应用,阐述了标杆管理的实施步骤,并通过对同时使用山西煤矿机械制造有限责任公司和国内优秀厂家设备的煤矿实例进行立标、对标、达标、创标,论述了标杆管理的应用成果。%In many industries,benchmarking management is regarded as the most effective management tool to improve business performance and competitiveness.The current market competition of machinery manufacturing is in-tense,and the competitions are innovation,quality and speed,so it urgently needs to apply benchmarking manage-ment into machinery manufacturing enterprises.Introduces the benchmarking management and the application,elabo-rates the implementation steps.A coal mine that simultaneous using two equipments from two different enterprises is as an example,carries out beacon,benchmarking,reaching the standard,establishing a standard,discusses the appli-cation results of benchmarking management.

  13. [Occupational risk for development of respiratory diseases in foundry shop workers at machinery industries].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khamitova, R Ia; Loskutov, D V

    2012-01-01

    The paper provides the results of assessment of prior and posterior occupational risks and those of questionnaire analysis in foundry shop workers from machinery enterprises. According to the data of attestation of job places, the working conditions of major foundry occupations were ascertained to correspond to class 3, grades 1 to 3. The prior risk for occupational respiratory diseases (RD) was defined as moderate whereas the posterior risk was high. According to the results of a questionnaire survey, more than half of the workers sought medical advice for bronchopulmonary pathology. Determination of whether there is, in terms of the etiological share, a cause-and-effect relationship between RDs and working conditions has shown that the occupation was highly responsible, which suggests that harmful industrial factors make a considerable contribution to the development of RDs in the workers of the enterprises under study.

  14. A Review: Six Sigma Implementation Practice in Manufacturing Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riddhish Thakore

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Higher Productivity achievement is very crucial factor for the field of production. With the High productivity various other factors must be taken in to consideration in manufacturing industries such as global competitors, diversity in product range, lead time and customer demand in terms of quality and quantity. A new benchmark called Six Sigma has been invented for dealing with all these needs. Six sigma is a quality initiative which reduces variations in a process and helps to lower the cost of product as well as process. The objective of this paper is to review and examine the advancement and encounters of six sigma practices in Global manufacturing Industries and identify the key tools for each step in successful Six Sigma project execution. The paper also integrates the lessons learned from successful six sigma projects and their prospective applications in various manufacturing Industries. In today scenario, many global manufacturing industries operate their processes at the two to four sigma quality levels.

  15. The Effect of Improved Productivity of the Manufacturing Industries ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Daniel

    Ethiopia's manufacturing industry is at the onset of development though there are recent .... sided with the 'Unbalanced growth theories. Both schools ... be the rate of growth of labor productivity in that sector (Thirlwall, 1983). The third law is ...

  16. Novel manufacturing techniques for microstructured reactors in industrial dimensions

    OpenAIRE

    Krtschil, Ulrich; Hofmann, Christian; Löb, Patrick; Schütt, Christian; Schorcht, Peter; Streuber, Michael

    2013-01-01

    The results of the development of novel manufacturing techniques for microstructured reactors in the framework of the European project CoPIRIDE are reported. The work was aimed at promoting the application of microstructured chemical reactors in the chemical industry. This can be achieved by completely new ways of production of microstructured plates, as manufactured by the roll embossing technique. This opens the door to mass manufacturing capability, which is a common enabler for cost reduc...

  17. Implementation of Lean Manufacturing System for Successful Production System in Manufacturing Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohd Shoeb

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available In manufacturing industries lean manufacturing is a broadly accepted philosophy. There are more requirements of research and studies. To investigate the needs, techniques, benefits of lean manufacturing and approaches for implementation Lean manufacturing is a leading manufacturing paradigm has applied in many economy sectors, where we have to reduce manufacturing cost, improving product quality, reducing cost of poor quality, and quick to respond and “first to market to customer needs are critical to competitiveness and success. Lean methods and principle focus on the continuous improvement and engages employees reducing the intensity of materials, time, and capital necessary for meeting a customer’s needs. Successful implementation of lean manufacturing is very important to increase quality and waste reduction. By implementation of lean manufacturing there are various benefits such as waste elimination, reduction in reworking, financial benefits, lead time reduction and lower inventory levels.

  18. What role for manufacturing industries in the urban knowledge economy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Winden, W.; De Carvalho, L.; Van Tuijl, E.; Van den Berg, L.

    2011-01-01

    The share of manufacturing in many cities has declined dramatically. A growing number of policymakers (including US president Obama) are deeply worried about this, and design policies to revitalise these industries. But is de-industrialisation a problem? And how does manufacturing fit in the new ‘kn

  19. Centers for manufacturing technology: Industrial Advisory Committee Review

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1995-10-01

    An advisory committee, composed of senior managers form industrial- sector companies and major manufacturing trade associations and representatives from appropriate educational institutions, meets semi-annually to review and advise the Oak Ridge Centers for Manufacturing Technology (ORCMT) on its economic security program. Individual papers have been indexed separately for the database.

  20. Review of China's Hydropower Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liang Weiyan

    2010-01-01

    @@ China's hydropower equipment manufacturing technology has benefited from the policy of reform and opening-up and the "Three Gorges Model. " The latter means an approach of self-supply of hydropower equipment. Based on the foundations laid through independent research and development, by way of digesting, absorbing and innovating the technologies introduced from abroad for the Left Bank Station of the Three Gorges Hydropower Station, domestic suppliers independently designed and manufactured large hydropower units for the Right Bank Station of the Three Gorges and many other large hydropower stations in China.

  1. Manufacturing Industry Employers’ Perception of Graduates’ English Language Skills Proficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh; Julie Chuah Suan Choo

    2012-01-01

    Proficiency in English language skills among graduates that create advantages for the organization is preferred by prospective employers as one of the main criteria for employability.  This article provides an overview of undergraduates in higher education and also workplace literacy from the perspective of the employers in the manufacturing industry. The result from the research demonstrates that Malaysian manufacturing industry employers perceive that the graduate employees’ English languag...

  2. Growing Through Manufacturing: Myanmar’s Industrial Transformation

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Recent reforms in Myanmar have already shown some positive impacts on the manufacturing sector, which must play a key role in the industrial transformation, including increased investment flows domestically and internationally and the development of fundamental infrastructure for the sector. Government promotion of the development of industrial zones and special economic zones is one of the main development activities for further trade and investment promotion in the manufacturing sector. Als...

  3. 78 FR 31943 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-05-28

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Contract Manufacturing... guidance for industry entitled ``Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality Agreements.'' This... draft guidance for industry entitled ``Contract Manufacturing Arrangements for Drugs: Quality...

  4. Genotoxic risk in rubber manufacturing industry: a systematic review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognesi, Claudia; Moretto, Angelo

    2014-10-15

    A large body of evidence from epidemiological studies among workers employed in the rubber manufacturing industry has indicated a significant excess cancer risk in a variety of sites. The International Agency for Research on Cancer has recently classified the "Occupational exposures in the rubber-manufacturing industry" as carcinogenic to humans (Group 1). A genotoxic mechanism for the increased cancer risk was suggested on the basis of the evidence from the scientific literature. Exposure assessment studies have shown that workers in the rubber manufacturing industry may be exposed to different airborne carcinogenic and/or genotoxic chemicals, such as certain aromatic amines, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, N-nitrosamines, although the available information does not allow to establish a causal association of cancer or genotoxic risk with particular substances/classes of chemicals or specific jobs. The aim of this paper is to critically evaluate, by conducting a systematic review, the available biomonitoring studies using genotoxicity biomarkers in rubber manufacturing industry. This systematic review suggests that a genotoxic hazard may still be present in certain rubber manufacturing industries. A quantitative risk assessment needs further studies addressing the different, processes and chemicals in the rubber manufacturing industries.

  5. From domestic manufacture to Industrial Revolution

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Weisdorf, Jacob Louis

    2006-01-01

    The classical story of industrialization always begins with agriculture: the modernization of rural institutions, involving both the enclosure of ‘open fields' and a shift from peasant farming to larger scale capitalist farming, generates a rise in agricultural productivity, which in turn fuels i...... of farmers and thus to the transfer of labour from agriculture to industry...

  6. Selection of Technology in Global Manufacturing Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bruun, Peter

    1997-01-01

    Transferring a manufacturing system to another country has proven to be problematic for most multinational firms. Selection of the appropriate production process and technology is a critical decision as transplantation of an existing system from another country without adaptation usually does not...

  7. TECHNOLOGICAL CHANGES IN THE CEMENT MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY.

    Science.gov (United States)

    WESSON, CARL E.

    THE PURPOSE OF THIS STUDY IS TO PRESENT A PRELIMINARY PICTURE OF OCCUPATIONAL CHANGES BROUGHT ABOUT IN THE MANUFACTURE OF CEMENT AS A RESULT OF INTRODUCING AUTOMATED EQUIPMENT. ONE AUTOMATED AND SEVERAL CONVENTIONAL TYPE CEMENT PLANTS WERE STUDIED. ANALYSIS OF DATA OBTAINED THROUGH RESEARCH AND DATA COLLECTED DURING THE STUDY REVEALED THAT…

  8. Integrating developing country manufacturing industries into global supply chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fasika Bete Georgise

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Due to globalization of manufacturing activities, the arena of competition and competitiveness advantage is moving from firms towards supply chains and networks. With the recent advancement of information and communication technologies this participation are becoming as common business practice in developed countries firms. Companies were more integrated into the world market for the global nature of the sourcing, manufacturing and distribution. These changes create both challenges and opportunities for the manufacturing industries in developing countries. The objective of this paper is to examine the level of inter-organizational and intra-organizational supply chain integration practices in developing country, Ethiopia.Design/methodology/approach: An industrial questionnaires survey was used to collect the current practices of the manufacturing industries in Ethiopia as an example of the developing countries. Descriptive statistics is primarily used for the analysis.Findings: Results show a low level of supply chain relationship both in intra and inter organizational supply chain integration level among members. Accordingly, such issues require much attention to facilitate a greater integration within the supply chains in the Ethiopian manufacturing industries.Research limitations/implications: The paper focuses on examining the practices of Ethiopian manufacturing industries empirical data. The interpretation of results should be taken with prudence.Originality/Value: The manufacturing industry in developing countries (MIDC has been a part of the global supply chains for long time as a supplier of raw material and manufacturer of primary products. Currently, the MIDC is trying to access the different markets segment of the world even with new products starting from their local market to the complex and dynamic international market. Nevertheless, their supply chains are inefficient and hence, their competitiveness level far from the

  9. Benchmark Study of Industrial Needs for Additive Manufacturing in Finland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindqvist, Markku; Piili, Heidi; Salminen, Antti

    Additive manufacturing (AM) is a modern way to produce parts for industrial use. Even though the technical knowledge and research of AM processes are strong in Finland, there are only few industrial applications. Aim of this study is to collect practical knowledge of companies who are interested in industrial use of AM, especially in South-Eastern Finland. Goal of this study is also to investigate demands and requirements of applications for industrial use of AM in this area of Finland. It was concluded, that two of the reasons prohibiting wider industrial use of AM in Finland, are wrong expectations against this technology as well as lack of basic knowledge of possibilities of the technology. Especially, it was noticed that strong 3D-hype is even causing misunderstandings. Nevertheless, the high-level industrial know-how in the area, built around Finnish lumber industry is a strong foundation for the additive manufacturing technology.

  10. Industry 4.0 implies lean manufacturing: Research activities in industry 4.0 function as enablers for lean manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Sanders; Chola Elangeswaran; Jens Wulfsberg

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Lean Manufacturing is widely regarded as a potential methodology to improve productivity and decrease costs in manufacturing organisations. The success of lean manufacturing demands consistent and conscious efforts from the organisation, and has to overcome several hindrances. Industry 4.0 makes a factory smart by applying advanced information and communication systems and future-oriented technologies. This paper analyses the incompletely perceived link between Industr...

  11. Industry 4.0 implies lean manufacturing: research activities in industry 4.0 function as enablers for lean manufacturing

    OpenAIRE

    Adam Sanders; Chola Elangeswaran; Jens Wulfsberg

    2016-01-01

    Purpose: Lean Manufacturing is widely regarded as a potential methodology to improve productivity and decrease costs in manufacturing organisations. The success of lean manufacturing demands consistent and conscious efforts from the organisation, and has to overcome several hindrances. Industry 4.0 makes a factory smart by applying advanced information and communication systems and future-oriented technologies. This paper analyses the incompletely perceived link between Industr...

  12. [Chinese medicine industry 4.0:advancing digital pharmaceutical manufacture toward intelligent pharmaceutical manufacture].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Yi-Yu; Qu, Hai-Bin; Zhang, Bo-Li

    2016-01-01

    A perspective analysis on the technological innovation in pharmaceutical engineering of Chinese medicine unveils a vision on "Future Factory" of Chinese medicine industry in mind. The strategy as well as the technical roadmap of "Chinese medicine industry 4.0" is proposed, with the projection of related core technology system. It is clarified that the technical development path of Chinese medicine industry from digital manufacture to intelligent manufacture. On the basis of precisely defining technical terms such as process control, on-line detection and process quality monitoring for Chinese medicine manufacture, the technical concepts and characteristics of intelligent pharmaceutical manufacture as well as digital pharmaceutical manufacture are elaborated. Promoting wide applications of digital manufacturing technology of Chinese medicine is strongly recommended. Through completely informationized manufacturing processes and multi-discipline cluster innovation, intelligent manufacturing technology of Chinese medicine should be developed, which would provide a new driving force for Chinese medicine industry in technology upgrade, product quality enhancement and efficiency improvement. Copyright© by the Chinese Pharmaceutical Association.

  13. Maintenance Function for Manufacturing Excellence Program: a case study of the Sri Lankan manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dilanthi M.G.S..

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The Manufacturing Excellence program is a novel productivity improvement strategy implemented in the Sri Lankan manufacturing industry. This research was to identify its maintenance function composed of related maintenance practices adopted by the selected company. Data were collected through a self-structured questionnaire. By using multivariate analysis, the pertinent maintenance function was determined.

  14. Offshoring trends in the manufacturing process within the automotive industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Simplay, S.; Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee

    2014-01-01

    This paper investigates offshoring trends in the automotive industry. The research approach consisted of combining empirical findings from case companies with latest research from the field. Empirical data was collected through case studies from 15 automotive organisations based in Europe...... consisting of original equipment manufacturers and engineering service providers. The findings indicated some offshoring trends in the automotive industry. Offshoring in this industry is moving from a manufacturing focus to incorporate large parts of the process, including high-level product development...... engineering activities. This development has created several challenges. These challenges arose as organisations are not considering how offshoring activities could be integrated with an increasingly global supply chain for the manufacturing of the final product. The paper contributes to manufacturing theory...

  15. Building Bridges: Linking universities with the manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Knutsen

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available This article explores ideas for linking university research entities with small- and medium-sized manufacturing industries. In an environment such as the Western Cape, South Africa, where well established teaching and research activities in science and engineering exist at several universities and research institutions, it is astonishing to realize that the local manufacturing industry struggles to obtain assistance with research and development in order to remain competitive locally and globally. Some of the reasons for this situation are outlined and solutions are proposed. In particular, the role of a gateway organization which aims to build networks between universities, research institutions and industry is described.

  16. Optimizing inventory management in the insulation manufacturing industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Herbert-Hansen, Zaza Nadja Lee; Larsen, Samuel

    2016-01-01

    service level and cost for the insulation manufacturing industry?” This is done through an in-depth case study of a world-leading company within this industry, with focus on two of its factories. This paper contributes with empirical research within operations management in a sector which has not been......Inventory issues within the insulation manufacturing industry are essential for competitiveness. However, they are largely unexplored in academic literature. Therefore the aim of this paper is to address the research question: “What approach to inventory management provides the best balance between...... well-researched and presents results which are useful for both practitioners and academics....

  17. Outsourcing of Logistics Activities in Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton Ogorelc

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available The external supply of logistics se1vices is part of a trend towardoutsourcing non-core logistics activities. The scope ofthird-party logistics may range from a relatively limited combinationof activities (e.g. transportation and warehousing to acomprehensive set of logistics se1vices.The authors first discuss the characteristics of business logisticsin manufacturing indusfly, to be taken into account inlogistics outsourcing. They particularly point out the motimtionsfor logistics outsourcing, the possibilities of outsourcing,as well as supplier selection. Finally they analyze the outsourcingin the reverse logistics.

  18. Development Trend of China's Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Manufacturing Industry%Development Trend of China's Petroleum and Petrochemical Equipment Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The equipment manufacturing industry is a strategic and fundamental industry which provides equipment for all industries including the defense industry. The domestication of equipment manufacturing is a miniature of rapid development of China's national economy. For the petroleum and petrochemical industry, the quality of equipment is essential for the development of the oil and gas industry. In recent years,

  19. An explorative study to enable environmentally conscious manufacturing for an industrial gearbox manufacturing organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sen Parag

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available In recent years, environmentally conscious manufacturing (ECM has become an important aspect and proactive approach for majority of the manufacturing organizations in India. The reason is that ECM not only helps to produce environment friendly, but also helps to make money by reducing cost or achieving competitive advantage. Industrial gearbox manufacturing organizations have significant environmental impacts as industrial gearbox manufacturing involves several steps which use valuable resources and pollute the environment. Hence, this paper presents an explorative environmental study of an Indian industrial gearbox manufacturing organization. The objective of the current paper is (i to identify the environmental problems and environmentally conscious manufacturing indicators (ECMI, (ii to find out the root causes of these problems and (iii to solve the root causes based on the available state-of-the-art literature. This research work not only reviews the efficient environment friendly manufacturing techniques, but also helps the organization to become eco-efficient by producing environment friendly while making money. First ECMIs selected from literature review, are validated through process mapping. Then these indicators are prioritized using analytic hierarchy process (AHP to find out the critical environmentally conscious manufacturing indicators (CECMI. The sources of CECMIs are identified using either data envelopment analysis (DEA or direct observation of the available database. Finally, some possible solutions are also addressed in this paper.

  20. Manufacturing Technology and Industrial Modernization Incentive Programs

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    production 15. Pulsed Power Solid-state and gas discharge svkwits $ 160 Inductive storage devices Capadiors Batteries Homopolar generators Compensated...project. Inspection systems for rocket Tucson is the prime contractor for this motors will support a number of DoD Air Force funded Industrial Moderniza

  1. Energy paybacks of six-sigma: A case study of manufacturing industry in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Prabhakar Kaushik

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Industries, nowadays, are concerned about energy consumption and ever narrowing rules of emissions by the governments. Therefore, a race to clean; green and less energy consuming manufacturing is going on throughout the world. But in authors’ perspective, the major part of energy exploitation lies in the production of a rejected product. Therefore alongside the use of energy saving processes and machinery, industry should primarily look for rejection reduction. This, apart from energy saving and profitability, will add to the moral responsibility of every person toward nature. Here in this paper, authors describe a case study in which the increased rejection rate of a part of cycle chain assembly is controlled by the application of Six Sigma. Six Sigma, from many years has proved to be an ultimate solution when it comes to the application part in manufacturing industries. It’s very generic and easily applicable methodology has drawn tremendous positive results throughout the world. A financial gain of INR 0.267 million was yielded by implying six-sigma approach. In a move toward energy saving, the money saved by the project was used for green manufacturing to promote energy conservation.

  2. Stimulating Manufacturing Excellence through University-Industry Interaction

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Riis, Jens Ove

    2001-01-01

    This paper considers what a university engineering school can do to stimulate manufacturing excellence in industry. Aalborg University, with its unique use of problem-based learning methods, is used as a case example. This approach is also embedded in a new research initiative, the Centre for Ind...... of integration and implementation. The engineering problem-solving approach helps to identify university core competencies and suggests a new research agenda....... for Industrial Production. Examples of industry involvement in research and development projects are given. Such university–industry collaboration will not only benefit the development of competencies in large and small industrial enterprises, but will also provide a laboratory setting for the study...

  3. Energy efficiency regulation for industrial products and manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badea George-Vlad

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with the energy efficiency of industrial products or manufacturing as compared to the framework legislative measures implemented by EU through the Eco-design and Energy Labeling Directives. The Eco-design implementing measures such as taking into account all phases of the life cycle (manufacturing, transport, use, disposal, as well as the essential environmental aspects (consumption, materials, emissions, waste, etc. for each phase, are considered. The implementing measures should have no significant negative impact on the functionality, health and safety, affordability and industry's competitiveness, as well as they should not impose proprietary technology on manufacturers and not be an excessive administrative burden for them. In this paper a method for implementing Legislative measures concerning the Eco-design and Energy labeling of industrial product is proposed. It grounds on the analysis of particular interest versus general interest relation, for each product case. Method application consists in products classifying relative to the two types of interest, followed by a voluntary agreement between manufacturers operating on market and EU. Finally, the paper presents the limits and possibilities for Eco-design of industrial products and manufacturing industry.

  4. Innovation and technical efficiency in Malaysian family manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susila Munisamy

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the technical efficiency for each industry in the Malaysian manufacturing sector is estimated by using Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA. In order to pursue a balance of innovation between long-term and short-term performance strategy, we integrate the Balance Scorecard (BSC approach with DEA. Furthermore, this paper looks at the determinants of efficiency using the Tobit regression model. In measuring the level of firms’ efficiency and innovation, the wood and wood based products industry is emphasized due to its importance in the economic growth of manufacturing sector. In the wood and wood based products industry, the highest level of technical efficiency was achieved by two sub-sectors i.e. veneer sheets and plywood and laminboard, particle board and other panels board, with the mean value of technical efficiency of 1.081 and 1.097 respectively. Generally, the majority of the manufacturing firms are operating technical inefficiently. The distribution of DEA and DEA-BCS technical efficiency in Malaysian Manufacturing Industries show that most of the industries have the average technical efficiency scores greater than 1.05 with only 7 industries (13.21% in DEA-BSC model operating at or near to the most optimal productions.

  5. Manufacturing Industry Employers’ Perception of Graduates’ English Language Skills Proficiency

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manjet Kaur Mehar Singh

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Proficiency in English language skills among graduates that create advantages for the organization is preferred by prospective employers as one of the main criteria for employability.  This article provides an overview of undergraduates in higher education and also workplace literacy from the perspective of the employers in the manufacturing industry. The result from the research demonstrates that Malaysian manufacturing industry employers perceive that the graduate employees’ English language proficiency skills are still below their expectations. Therefore, this study recommends that there is a need for intervention into language teaching to improve the English language syllabus level of English proficiency at primary, secondary and tertiary level. At the same time, emphasis on the importance of English in everyday use should be inculcated without neglecting the national language of Malaysia.  This will ensure that the teaching of English will be in line with globalization and current workplace demands.Keywords: English language skills proficiency, manufacturing industry employers, graduates

  6. Safety climate practice in Korean manufacturing industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Baek, Jong-Bae [Department of Safety Engineering, Chungju National University, Chungju 380-702 (Korea, Republic of); Bae, Sejong [Department of Biostatistics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX 76107 (United States)], E-mail: sbae@hsc.unt.edu; Ham, Byung-Ho [Department of Industrial Safety, Ministry of Labor (Korea, Republic of); Singh, Karan P. [Department of Biostatistics, University of North Texas Health Science Center, 3500 Camp Bowie Boulevard, Fort Worth, TX 76107 (United States)

    2008-11-15

    Safety climate survey was sent to 642 plants in 2003 to explore safety climate practices in the Korean manufacturing plants, especially in hazardous chemical treating plants. Out of 642 plants contacted 195 (30.4%) participated in the surveys. Data were collected by e-mail using SQL-server and mail. The main objective of this study was to explore safety climate practices (level of safety climate and the underlying problems). In addition, the variables that may influence the level of safety climate among managers and workers were explored. The questionnaires developed by health and safety executive (HSE) in the UK were modified to incorporate differences in Korean culture. Eleven important factors were summarized. Internal reliability of these factors was validated. Number of employees in the company varied from less than 30 employees (9.2%) to over 1000 employees (37.4%). Both managers and workers showed generally high level of safety climate awareness. The major underlying problems identified were inadequate health and safety procedures/rules, pressure for production, and rule breaking. The length of employment was a significant contributing factor to the level of safety climate. In this study, participants showed generally high level of safety climate, and length of employment affected the differences in the level of safety climate. Managers' commitment to comply safety rules, procedures, and effective safety education and training are recommended.

  7. 关于我国交通工程机械行业发展的问题以及提升对策研究%Research on the Developmental Problems and Countermeasure of China's Traffic Engineering Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈莉

    2014-01-01

    交通工程机械行业属于制造业的主要构成部分之一,其对国家经济发展发挥着关键的作用。本文从阐述我国交通工程机械行业发展的现状入手,针对其发展中存在的问题指出了改进的对策与建议。%Traffic engineering machinery industry is the main part of manufacturing industry, which plays an important role in national economic development. Analyzing the current situation of the development of traffic engineering machinery industry in China, this paper describes the problems existing in the development and comes up with countermeasures and suggestions for its improvement.

  8. Characterization of cyclical phases in the manufacturing industry in Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mercè Sala

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available 120 Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to characterize the cyclical phases of the manufacturing industry in Spain and detect which industries have more influence on the Spanish business cycle. We assume that economic growth is a priority; we are going to determine which industries have a more/less appropriate cyclical behavior according this priority. We analyze if the industries with better cyclical behavior are the ones that achieve greater co-movement with the business cycle of the Spanish economy, as this means they have a positive influence on economic activity. Design/methodology/approach: We examine the disaggregated quarterly IPI data of 16 manufacturing industries. Our methodology follows three steps. Firstly, we define cycle turning points; we follow the Harding and Pagan (2002 methodology. Secondly, we characterize the cyclical phases of the manufacturing industries in terms of duration, amplitude, deepness and steepness. We also determine the degree of inter-industrial cyclical synchronization and between industries in the cycle of the Spanish economy. This analysis is performed in two ways. On the one hand, we use the concordance index and the correlation coefficient. On the other hand, we work with indicators based on a consistency table. In the Third step, we apply a multi-objective methodology, specifically the compromise programming, to determine which industries have a more/less appropriate cyclical behavior according to the growth priority. Findings and Originality/value: The business cycle of the Spanish economy is positively influenced by high- and medium-tech industries, which have demonstrated their competitive capacity in international markets, and by medium- low-tech industries, with major strengths in R&D, and in survival and consolidation strategies. These results enable manufacturing industries to exert a positive effect on the business cycle that is weakened because many of them show a high correlation between

  9. 机械制造自动化的机器视觉技术应用%Machinery Manufacturing Automation Application of Machine Vision Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    支月蓉

    2015-01-01

    In machinery manufacturing industry,video technology and infrared imaging technology have been widely applied. The machine vision technology is a technology which uses computer technology to simulate visual system of human beings and to interpret images instead of supervisor.Depending on its advantages such as quick processing speed,large information processing, full functions and so on,machine vision technology gets developed along with the process of facilitating automation level.%在机械制造行业,视频技术和红外成像技术得到了广泛的应用.机器视觉技术是由计算机技术来模拟人的视觉系统,代替原有的监控人员进行图像理解.凭借其运行速度较快,信息处理量大,以及功能齐全等诸多优点,机器视觉技术在推动自动化水平前进的同时自身也得到了良好的发展.

  10. An improvement of agricultural equipment manufacturing by using lean techniques : A case study of agricultural machinery company

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nattariya Pakdeepunya

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this research was to study and improve the manufacturing process of agricultural equipment to reduce wastes by using the LEAN tools: a case study of agricultural machinery company. This study found that the main wastes were inefficiency of transportation and working process. The Systematic Layout Planning Pattern (SLP had been applied. Moreover, the principles of ECRS, the change in input factors (a number of employees, together with simulation and the Analysis Hierarchy Process (AHP were also used to determine the appropriate plant layout alternatives by considering the factors such as the productivity, materials handling distance, facilities utilization, and space utilization. The result shared that the best suitable layout is the layout No. 1. Then more improvement the layout No. 1 with the ECRS and the change of input factors (the amount of employees ,it was found that increased productivity by 16.10%, increased facilities utilization by 15.73% and decreased materials handling distance by 48.12%. Furthermore, the number of employees and the average time of workpiece in system could be reduced from 7 to 6 persons, and 54.41 minutes to 45.65 minutes respectively.

  11. The orthopaedic surgeon and manufacturing industry relationship. Ethical guidelines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lim, E V; Aquino, N J

    1999-11-01

    Orthopaedic surgery has progressed over the years because of innovative work of pioneering orthopaedic surgeons; new developments in internal fixation techniques and implants codeveloped with the orthopaedic manufacturing industry have improved treatment greatly. This article analyzes and reviews the relationship of orthopaedic surgeons to the orthopaedic implant industry, analyzing three broad categories of the relationship: (1) physicians receiving gifts from industry; (2) the orthopaedic industry's financial support of educational and research endeavors of academic trauma and other centers; and (3) the relationship of the industry with innovators in the field of orthopaedic surgery by retainer fees, royalties, and stock options from industry. The ethical relationship requires: (1) putting the patient's concerns first above vested interests; (2) an awareness of a potential for abuse; and (3) a level of awareness of the relationship and the ability to explain and inculcate this relationship in the teaching program of young residents to maintain the high standards that have been set.

  12. Inter- and intra-industry variations of capital structure in the Czech manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pavlína Pinková

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the paper is to investigate the existence of inter-industry variations in the capital structure of enterprises of the Czech manufacturing industry and to identify the intra-industry causes of these differences. Three measures of capital structure are employed to determine the inter-industry variations. These are total debt ratio, long-term debt and short-term debt ratios. The set of explanatory variables is included to clarify the intra-industry variations. These explanatory variables are size, asset structure, asset utilization, profitability, non-debt tax shield and growth. The paper reports the analysis of capital structure of five distinctive industrial branches, namely the manufacture of beverages, the manufacture of textiles, the manufacture of paper and paper products, the manufacture of chemicals and chemical products, and the manufacture of computer, electronic and optical products. The data come from the financial statements of selected companies and cover a period from 2008 to 2012. The analysis of variance, correlation and regression analyses are used to develop the statistical framework. The paper aims to study the impact of industry and firm characteristics on capital structure choice.

  13. SAMIS- STANDARD ASSEMBLY-LINE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY SIMULATION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain, R. G.

    1994-01-01

    The Standard Assembly-Line Manufacturing Industry Simulation (SAMIS) program was originally developed to model a hypothetical U. S. industry which manufactures silicon solar modules for use in electricity generation. The SAMIS program has now been generalized to the extent that it should be useful for simulating many different production-line manufacturing industries and companies. The most important capability of SAMIS is its ability to "simulate" an industry based on a model developed by the user with the aid of the SAMIS program. The results of the simulation are a set of financial reports which detail the requirements, including quantities and cost, of the companies and processes which comprise the industry. SAMIS provides a fair, consistent, and reliable means of comparing manufacturing processes being developed by numerous independent efforts. It can also be used to assess the industry-wide impact of changes in financial parameters, such as cost of resources and services, inflation rates, interest rates, tax policies, and required return on equity. Because of the large amount of data needed to describe an industry, a major portion of SAMIS is dedicated to data entry and maintenance. This activity in SAMIS is referred to as model management. Model management requires a significant amount of interaction through a system of "prompts" which make it possible for persons not familiar with computers, or the SAMIS program, to provide all of the data necessary to perform a simulation. SAMIS is written in TURBO PASCAL (version 2.0 required for compilation) and requires 10 meg of hard disk space, an 8087 coprocessor, and an IBM color graphics monitor. Executables and source code are provided. SAMIS was originally developed in 1978; the IBM PC version was developed in 1985. Release 6.1 was made available in 1986, and includes the PC-IPEG program.

  14. Farm machinery repair industry problems and countermeasures%农机维修业存在的问题及对策分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王志长

    2014-01-01

    The relationship between the level of farm machinery repair industry to the level of agricultural operations, help improve the development of agricultural mechanization. Maintenance of agricultural machinery industry with high technical requirements, maintenance of agricultural machinery play, improved effect. Therefore, this analysis focuses farm machinery repair industry problems raised scientific response measures to enhance agricultural machinery maintenance level.%农机维修业的水平关系到农业作业的水平,有利于完善农业机械化发展。农机维修业具备较高的技术要求,对农业机械起到维护、改善的作用。因此,文章重点分析农机维修业中存在的问题,提出科学的应对措施,提升农机维修水平。

  15. 服务型制造实现塑料机械制造“创造强国”%Service-oriented Manufacturer Achieves "Creative Power" of Plastic Machinery Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张友根

    2012-01-01

    By the production of plastic machinery manufacturing to service-oriented manufacturing strategy is to promote the transformation of plastic machinery manufacturing " production power" to " creative power" development of scientific development regulations, but also China's plastics machinery manufacturing low-end value chain from the end the only way to go. Is a pure production-based manufacturing equipment manufacturing, service-oriented manufacturing is a complete solution-oriented manufacturing. The service-oriented manufacturing to the center for developing "latent demand" of plastic products and molding process technology , from the organization, personnel and other structural adjustment, development of various types of service-oriented manufacturing, to plastics machinery of international advanced level. Service-oriented manufacturing is Chinas second revolution in manufacturing plastic machinery, directly related to the company's survival.%塑料机械制造由生产型制造向服务型制造战略转型是实现塑料机械制造“生产大国”向“创造强国”发展的科学发展观,也是我国塑料机械制造由价值链的低端走向高端必由之路.生产型制造是纯设备制造,服务型制造是全套方案导向型制造.服务型制造以开发“潜在需求”的塑料制品和成型加工技术为中心,从组织、人员等结构上进行调整,发展多种型式的服务型制造,达到塑料机械制造的国际先进水平.服务型制造是我国塑料机械制造的第二次革命,直接关系到企业的生存.

  16. Analysis of the Development in Agricultural Machinery Industry%农业机械产业发展探析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘琳

    2014-01-01

    近年来,我国农业生产步入了以机械化生产方式为主导的新时代,农业机械产业得到稳步、快速发展。概述我国农业机械化发展情况,分析我国农机产业发展的特点、优势及研究方向,为促进我国农机产业的发展壮大提供参考。%In recent years, the agricultural production of our country has entered a new era with the mechanized production mode as the leading player, and agricultural machinery industry has seen rapid development. This paper provides an overview of the development of China's agricultural mechanization, analyses the characteristics, advantages and research focus in the development of China's agricultural machinery industry hoping to provide a reference for promoting the development of China's agricultural machinery industry.

  17. Energy resource management for energy-intensive manufacturing industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brenner, C.W.; Levangie, J.

    1981-10-01

    A program to introduce energy resource management into an energy-intensive manufacturing industry is presented. The food industry (SIC No. 20) was chosen and 20 companies were selected for interviews, but thirteen were actually visited. The methodology for this program is detailed. Reasons for choosing the food industry are described. The substance of the information gained and the principal conclusions drawn from the interviews are given. Results of the model Energy Resource Management Plan applied to three companies are compiled at length. Strategies for dissemination of the information gained are described. (MCW)

  18. Design of Manufacturing Execution System for FMCG Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arindam Banerjee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Manufacturing Execution System (MES has been evolved as an effective solution for today’s high performance, mass production industrial automation system. MES acts like a bridge between managerial level ERP solution and shop floor level control systems hardwares. MES solutions are highly flexible which are developed and customized targeting some particular industry. In this paper we plan to design an MES architecture aiming FMCG (Fast Moving Consumer Goods industries. The proposed solution keeps the basic MES architecture intact while improves production data capturing process based on batch event detection approach. It also accelerates the 2-way communication between ERP and MES for exchanging batch production data.

  19. Assessment of noise level in sundry processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin metropolis, Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyedepo, Olayinka S; Saadu, Abdullahi A

    2010-03-01

    In this work, noise level in five selected processing and manufacturing industries in Ilorin are evaluated and compared. Emphasis is given to noise emitted by individual industrial machinery from the selected industries. Event L(Aeq) and L(N) cycles were studied to identify the noisy machines and to generate baseline data. Findings show that hammer mill machine from mineral-bearing rock-crushing mills produced the highest average noise [98.4 dB(A)], an electric generator 1 [95.6 dB(A)] from the soft drink bottling industry, an electric generator [97.7 dB(A)] from the beer brewing and bottling industry, a vacuum pump [93.1 dB(A)] from the tobacco making industry, and an electric generator 2 [94.1 dB(A)] from the mattress-making industry. The highest and lowest average noise exposure levels are recorded in mineral-bearing rock-crushing mills [93.16 dB(A)] and the mattress making industry [84.69 dB(A)], respectively. The study shows that, at 95% confidence level, there is significant difference (P industries surveyed. The percentages of machines that emit noise above Federal Environmental Protection Agency and Occupational Safety and Health Administration recommendations [90 dB(A)] are from the soft drink bottling industry (83.3%), the beer brewing and bottling industry (42.9%), the tobacco making industry (71.4%), the mattress making industry (11.1%), and minerals crushing mills (87.5%). In the past 20 years, the noise levels in the soft drink bottling industry were reduced by 0.58 dB(A), and those of the beer brewing and bottling industry were reduced by 9.66 dB(A). However, that of the mattress making industry increased by 2.69 dB(A). On average, the noise level in these industries has been reduced by 2.52 dB(A). The results of this study show that the noise control measures put in place have significant impacts on the noise exposure level in the industries surveyed.

  20. Methodical frameworks for evaluation of financial and investment component of functionality of innovation-oriented enterprise belonged to machinery industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    К.О. Boiarynova

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The aim of the article is to develop the methodical frameworks for evaluation of financial and investment component of functionality of innovation-oriented enterprise belonged to machinery industry. The results of the analysis. The author has analyzed approaches to evaluation of financial and investment component of the innovation-oriented enterprise activity. The article detects the sense of financial and investment environmental system of the enterprise and its constituent environments. The author has proposed a system of indices for evaluation of financial and investment environmental system of the innovation-oriented enterprise belonged to machinery industry, showing enterprise functioning phases (functional maintenance, functional reproduction, functional expanded reproduction, functional innovative reproduction and economic return and environments’ components (internal financial and investment support environment, business environment of financial relationships; investment and partnership environment, environment of financial and economic security. The article substantiates application of ratios of liquidity, solvency, financial stability, financial security, asset turnover, profitability and payback, which are distributed and adapted for evaluation of phases of functioning of machinery industry enterprises and evaluation of phases of functioning of machinery industry enterprises. The author has suggested to do the coefficient analysis of the innovative reproduction phase with the use of the following figures: a ratio of research engineering working capital financed by equity to total assets, an innovation-oriented assets ratio (the environment of internal financial support, a quick liquidity ratio of intangible assets (the business environment of financial relationships, a ratio of capital involved for innovations (the investment and partnership environment, ratio of financial independency of innovations

  1. Research on Platform Construction of Manufacturing Practice for Industrial Design Specialty in Colleges

    OpenAIRE

    Xiaowei Jiang; Yumei Song

    2015-01-01

    In view of that manufacturing practice is indispensable practical link of industrial design specialty, the author analyzes the current situation of manufacturing practice in industrial design specialty and the existing problem in manufacturing practice system, discussing the necessity of research on manufacturing practice for industrial design specialty. Among them establishing the manufacturing practice factory of industrial design on campus, which lets the student enter and learn various pr...

  2. INDICATORS FOR SUSTAINABILITY IN INDUSTRIAL SYSTEMS CASE STUDY: PAPER MANUFACTURING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Emiliana Fortună

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper describes a framework for promoting sustainability by using indicators for sustainable production. The concept of sustainable production is described as it is viewed by various organisms actions involved in the analysis of the sustainable industrial systems.The measure of sustainability is approached considering indicators of sustainable production, addressing both their dimensions and qualitative and quantitative features.The proposed framework refines the sustainability dimension for a case study which envisages sustainability in paper manufacturing. The analysis takes into account the life cycle analysis for the considered process since the environmental impact is seen as an essential sustainability indicator. Paper recycling and reuse is associated environmental and social costs, as a preferred alternative in waste minimization hierarchy in the manufacturing of non-trees eco-friendly paper.Proactive initiatives to improve the environmental performances of production process are considered as powerful tools for improving the paper manufacturing environmental footprint.

  3. A mathematical model for environmental risk assessment in manufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何莉萍; 徐盛明; 陈大川; 党创寅

    2002-01-01

    Environmental conscious manufacturing has become an important issue in industry because of market pressure and environmental regulations. An environmental risk assessment model was developed based on the network analytic method and fuzzy set theory. The "interval analysis method" was applied to deal with the on-site monitoring data as basic information for assessment. In addition, the fuzzy set theory was employed to allow uncertain, interactive and dynamic information to be effectively incorporated into the environmental risk assessment. This model is a simple, practical and effective tool for evaluating the environmental risk of manufacturing industry and for analyzing the relative impacts of emission wastes, which are hazardous to both human and ecosystem health. Furthermore, the model is considered useful for design engineers and decision-maker to design and select processes when the costs, environmental impacts and performances of a product are taken into consideration.

  4. Digitalization of automotive industry – scenarios for future manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peters Steven

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Among the current challenges to the global automotive industry are changes in global markets leading to product variety, regulation leading to pressure for new technologies in body and powertrain, and competition by new players such as huge information and communication technology companies. Automotive original equipment manufacturers (OEMs deal with these issues in different ways. This paper uses the scenario technique to illustrate possible answers to the question, how future value chains of automotive industry will look like. In almost all cases, information and communication technology (ICT plays a major role in future strategies to cope with the aforementioned challenges. On the one hand, ICT can boost the way to more efficient production of variants by utilizing smart manufacturing approaches, on the other hand ICT enables new features such as autonomous driving.

  5. Advanced Manufacturing Systems in Food Processing and Packaging Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shafie Sani, Mohd; Aziz, Faieza Abdul

    2013-06-01

    In this paper, several advanced manufacturing systems in food processing and packaging industry are reviewed, including: biodegradable smart packaging and Nano composites, advanced automation control system consists of fieldbus technology, distributed control system and food safety inspection features. The main purpose of current technology in food processing and packaging industry is discussed due to major concern on efficiency of the plant process, productivity, quality, as well as safety. These application were chosen because they are robust, flexible, reconfigurable, preserve the quality of the food, and efficient.

  6. Manufacturing process applications team (MATeam). [NASA/industry relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bangs, E. R.

    1978-01-01

    Forty additional statements were added to the list of 150 problem/opportunity statements identifying possibilities for transfer of NASA technology to various manufacturing industries. Selected statements that are considered to have a high potential for transfer in the 1978 program year are presented in the form of goals and milestones. The transfer of a flux used in the stud welding of aluminum is reported. Candidate RTOP programs are identified.

  7. Analysis on critical success factors for agile manufacturing evaluation in original equipment manufacturing industry-an AHP approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajay Guru Dev, C.; Senthil Kumar, V. S.

    2016-09-01

    Manufacturing industries are facing challenges in the implementation of agile manufacturing in their products and processes. Agility is widely accepted as a new competitive concept in the manufacturing sector in fulfilling varying customer demand. Thus, evaluation of agile manufacturing in industries has become a necessity. The success of an organisation depends on its ability to manage finding the critical success factors and give them special and continued attention in order to bring about high performance. This paper proposes a set of critical success factors (CSFs) for evaluating agile manufacturing considered appropriate for the manufacturing sector. The analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method is applied for prioritizing the success factors, by summarizing the opinions of experts. It is believed that the proposed CSFs enable and assist manufacturing industries to achieve a higher performance in agile manufacturing so as to increase competitiveness.

  8. Analysis on critical success factors for agile manufacturing evaluation in original equipment manufacturing industry-an AHP approach

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ajay Guru Dev, C.; Senthil Kumar, V. S.

    2016-08-01

    Manufacturing industries are facing challenges in the implementation of agile manufacturing in their products and processes. Agility is widely accepted as a new competitive concept in the manufacturing sector in fulfilling varying customer demand. Thus, evaluation of agile manufacturing in industries has become a necessity. The success of an organisation depends on its ability to manage finding the critical success factors and give them special and continued attention in order to bring about high performance. This paper proposes a set of critical success factors (CSFs) for evaluating agile manufacturing considered appropriate for the manufacturing sector. The analytical hierarchy process (AHP) method is applied for prioritizing the success factors, by summarizing the opinions of experts. It is believed that the proposed CSFs enable and assist manufacturing industries to achieve a higher performance in agile manufacturing so as to increase competitiveness.

  9. 77 FR 24722 - Draft Guidance for Industry: Assessing the Effects of Significant Manufacturing Process Changes...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-25

    ... Significant Manufacturing Process Changes, Including Emerging Technologies, on the Safety and Regulatory... Industry: Assessing the Effects of Significant Manufacturing Process Changes, Including Emerging... current thinking on the factors to be considered when determining whether changes in manufacturing process...

  10. Evaluating the barriers for enhacing the utilization level of advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs) in manufacturing industry

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    This research has been out within the field of the barriers of advanced manufacturing technology. It has been goal to investigate the barriers affecting the implementation of AMT in the organisation. the work with this paper has been carried out in cooperation with machine well with the goal to create recommendation for the company in how they could implement AMT successfully in the company in order to answer the question what should a small industry focus on to implement the ...

  11. Sectoral scope and colocalisation of Spanish manufacturing industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casanova, Marta R.; Orts, Vicente; Albert, José M.

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we use distance-based methods, specifically a slight variation of Ripley's K function and a bivariate generalisation of this function, to explore the detailed location pattern of the Spanish manufacturing industry, the scope of localisation and the tendency towards colocalisation between horizontally and vertically linked industries. To do so, we use micro-geographic data, considering a narrowly defined industry classification. Our results show heterogeneous location patterns, but with a significant tendency towards localisation. The sectoral scope is very sensitive to the degree of homogeneity of the activities in each sector. The more homogeneous the activities in a specific sector are, the more similarities we find in the spatial location patterns among its industries. Finally, although the patterns of colocalisation detected are sensitive to the counterfactuals used, between 20 and 48% of the pairs of industries with strong input-output linkages considered in this study show a significant tendency to colocalisation, and among them 74% are vertically linked industries.

  12. Sectoral scope and colocalisation of Spanish manufacturing industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casanova, Marta R.; Orts, Vicente; Albert, José M.

    2016-11-01

    In this paper, we use distance-based methods, specifically a slight variation of Ripley's K function and a bivariate generalisation of this function, to explore the detailed location pattern of the Spanish manufacturing industry, the scope of localisation and the tendency towards colocalisation between horizontally and vertically linked industries. To do so, we use micro-geographic data, considering a narrowly defined industry classification. Our results show heterogeneous location patterns, but with a significant tendency towards localisation. The sectoral scope is very sensitive to the degree of homogeneity of the activities in each sector. The more homogeneous the activities in a specific sector are, the more similarities we find in the spatial location patterns among its industries. Finally, although the patterns of colocalisation detected are sensitive to the counterfactuals used, between 20 and 48% of the pairs of industries with strong input-output linkages considered in this study show a significant tendency to colocalisation, and among them 74% are vertically linked industries.

  13. The Modeling and Application of MES for Textile Machinery Manufacturer Based on ANSI/ISA-95%基于 ANSI/ISA -95的纺机制造 MES 建模与应用

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖一专; 肖田元; 韩丹

    2014-01-01

    介绍了制造执行系统( MES )领域的企业-控制系统集成标准ANSI/ISA-95与其应用现状。利用制造运行管理活动模型分析,提取出纺机企业实际生产流程中关键性制造活动及功能、硬件需求,以辅助MES方案设计。通过纺机制造行业MES案例,展示了该标准在行业应用的实践指导作用。%It introduces current international standards of enterprise -control system integration of manufacturing execution system ( MES) ANSI/ISA-95 and its application in industry .By using manufacturing operation man-agement activity model analysis , it defines the critical function needs and hardware requirements of production processes , and assists MES solution design .It presents a MES case of textile machinery manufacturing and illus-tratese the ANSI/ISA-95 applications in industrial field .

  14. Characteristics and Development Trends of Machinery Manufacturing Automation Technology%机械制造自动化技术特点与发展趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎文龙

    2015-01-01

    机械制造业是国家的工业基础.全面推进机械制造自动化及提高智能化水平,是我国机械制造业的发展方向.同时,敏捷制造将"生产技术、组织方式、管理手段"三要素整合集成在一起,也是机械制造业的研究与应用重点.%The mechanical manufacturing is the country's industrial basis.Fully promoting the automation and intelligent level of mechanical manufacturing is the developing direction of mechanical manufacturing industry in our country.Meanwhile, agile manufacturing connects three elements of"producing technology,organizing mode,management measure"together,which is also the key point of mechanical manufacturing industry.

  15. A Review: Value stream mapping implementation in manufacturing industry.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nirav Patel

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Lean Manufacturing can be considered as a business strategy which originated and developed in japan. It tries to identify waste and eliminate it. Thus it leads to improvement in productivity of manufacturing organization and quality of products leading to a competitive advantage over others. Non-value-adding work is described as elements of work that a customer is unwilling to pay for. This required a detailed understanding of all the processes involved so that waste can be identified and eliminated. Value Stream Mapping is a powerful lean tool for identifying the waste and this paper defines concept of Value Stream Mapping and various literatures related on VSM and will be useful for new research in current field. This paper illustrates the review of VSM techniques and its benefits in machining industry. The purpose of this paper is to highlight the effective utilization of the VSM tools for process and productivity improvements by different authors.

  16. Industrial Assessment Centers - Small Manufacturers Reduce Energy & Increase Productivity

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2015-11-06

    Since 1976, the Industrial Assessment Centers (IACs), administered by the US Department of Energy, have supported small and medium-sized American manufacturers to reduce energy use and increase their productivity and competitiveness. The 24 IACs, located at premier engineering universities around the country (see below), send faculty and engineering students to local small and medium-sized manufacturers to provide no-cost assessments of energy use, process performance and waste and water flows. Under the direction of experienced professors, IAC engineering students analyze the manufacturer’s facilities, energy bills and energy, waste and water systems, including compressed air, motors/pumps, lighting, process heat and steam. The IACs then follow up with written energy-saving and productivity improvement recommendations, with estimates of related costs and payback periods.

  17. Tracing stress symptoms: an empirical study of manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irbha Magotra

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The present study aimed to get an insight into the kind of symptoms of work stress experienced by employees in middle level management of the manufacturing industry. A sample of 103 middle level employees from manufacturing organizations of Jammu region (India has been utilized in the study. The results uncover eleven indicators of stress, namely, paranoid behaviour, physical reactions, personal habits, lack of quality sleep, emotional volatility, receptive instability, sleep turmoil, fatigue syndrome, emotional detachment, diet and anxiety indicators and work syndrome. The study suggested that these indicators can be used as screening kit for the purpose of identification of stress among the employees whose overlook can push the employees towards the trench of stress.

  18. Development and validation of resource flexibility measures for manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gulshan Chauhan

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Global competition and ever changing customers demand have made manufacturing organizations to rapidly adjust to complexities, uncertainties, and changes. Therefore, flexibility in manufacturing resources is necessary to respond cost effectively and rapidly to changing production needs and requirements.  Ability of manufacturing resources to dynamically reallocate from one stage of a production process to another in response to shifting bottlenecks is recognized as resource flexibility. This paper aims to develop and validate resource flexibility measures for manufacturing industry that could be used by managers/ practitioners in assessing and improving the status of resource flexibility for the optimum utilization of resources. Design/methodology/approach: The study involves survey carried out in Indian manufacturing industry using a questionnaire to assess the status of various aspects of resource flexibility and their relationships. A questionnaire was specially designed covering various parameters of resource flexibility. Its reliability was checked by finding the value of Cronback alpha (0.8417. Relative weightage of various measures was found out by using Analytical Hierarchy Process (AHP. Pearson’s coefficient of correlation analysis was carried out to find out relationships between various parameters. Findings: From detailed review of literature on resource flexibility, 17 measures of resource flexibility and 47 variables were identified. The questionnaire included questions on all these measures and parameters. ‘Ability of machines to perform diverse set of operations’ and ability of workers to work on different machines’ emerged to be important measures with contributing weightage of 20.19% and 17.58% respectively.  All the measures were found to be significantly correlated with overall resource flexibility except ‘training of workers’, as shown by Pearson’s coefficient of correlation. This indicates that

  19. Scalable manufacturing of biomimetic moldable hydrogels for industrial applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Anthony C.; Chen, Haoxuan; Chan, Doreen; Agmon, Gillie; Stapleton, Lyndsay M.; Sevit, Alex M.; Tibbitt, Mark W.; Acosta, Jesse D.; Zhang, Tony; Franzia, Paul W.; Langer, Robert; Appel, Eric A.

    2016-12-01

    Hydrogels are a class of soft material that is exploited in many, often completely disparate, industrial applications, on account of their unique and tunable properties. Advances in soft material design are yielding next-generation moldable hydrogels that address engineering criteria in several industrial settings such as complex viscosity modifiers, hydraulic or injection fluids, and sprayable carriers. Industrial implementation of these viscoelastic materials requires extreme volumes of material, upwards of several hundred million gallons per year. Here, we demonstrate a paradigm for the scalable fabrication of self-assembled moldable hydrogels using rationally engineered, biomimetic polymer–nanoparticle interactions. Cellulose derivatives are linked together by selective adsorption to silica nanoparticles via dynamic and multivalent interactions. We show that the self-assembly process for gel formation is easily scaled in a linear fashion from 0.5 mL to over 15 L without alteration of the mechanical properties of the resultant materials. The facile and scalable preparation of these materials leveraging self-assembly of inexpensive, renewable, and environmentally benign starting materials, coupled with the tunability of their properties, make them amenable to a range of industrial applications. In particular, we demonstrate their utility as injectable materials for pipeline maintenance and product recovery in industrial food manufacturing as well as their use as sprayable carriers for robust application of fire retardants in preventing wildland fires.

  20. Evaluating the barriers for enhacing the utilization level of advanced manufacturing technologies (AMTs in manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Preetam singh sankhla

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This research has been out within the field of the barriers of advanced manufacturing technology. It has been goal to investigate the barriers affecting the implementation of AMT in the organisation. the work with this paper has been carried out in cooperation with machine well with the goal to create recommendation for the company in how they could implement AMT successfully in the company in order to answer the question what should a small industry focus on to implement the AMT concept successfully, an investigation in the two middle size industries in the Rajasthan (India were visited. One interview was carried out with managers at both the two companies and a questionnaire was handed out to workers. The aim was to see if there were any large differences in the barriers of AMT which is applying in the company. The interview and questionnaire did show that a company should know about barriers of AMT & their inter relationship if they wanted to accomplish more in the organisation with tea work and get more busy from the employees. It is important that all workers know the vision and goal why a company is implementing AMT. Advanced manufacturing technology (AMT has been viewed strategic weapon to gain competitive advantages by manufacturing organisation . The small and medium scale industries (SMISs are under increasing pressure to adopt advanced manufacturing technology to be competitive or simply to survive. The successful implementation of AMT will requires the companies to have a workforce with higher level of skills, a flexible organizational structure and include a new culture in managing and training a workforce in the manufacturing industries. The ability of the workers to run multiple machines, stopping production when problem occur, communication of organizational goals and participation in idea generation and decision making are important in achieving a higher benefits of AMT. The SMIs have to increase the educational and supervision

  1. Implementing total productive maintenance in Nigerian manufacturing industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eti, M.C. [Rivers State University of Science and Technology, Port Harcourt (Nigeria). Mechanical Engineering Department; Ogaji, S.O.T.; Probert, S.D. [Cranfield University, Bedfordshire (United Kingdom). School of Engineering

    2004-12-01

    Remarkable improvements have occurred recently in the maintenance management of physical assets and productive systems, so that less wastages of energy and resources occur. The requirement for optimal preventive maintenance, using, for instance, just-in-time (JIT) and total quality-management (TQM) techniques, has given rise to what has been called the total productive-maintenance (TPM) approach. This study explores the ways in which Nigerian manufacturing industries can implement TPM as a strategy and culture for improving its performance and suggests self-auditing and bench-marking as desirable prerequisites before TPM implementation. (author)

  2. Mining equipment manufacturers: an industry sector analysis; 14th edition

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1993-12-31

    The report analyses and compares the financial ratios of mining equipment manufacturers in the United Kingdom. It includes companies who produce equipment for the mining industry such as cutting tools, drilling equipment, crushers, screens, centrifuges, tunnelling equipment, conveyors and other materials handling equipment, hydraulic equipment, filtration, pumping and mixing equipment and ventilation equipment. The report presents business ratios analysing profitability, efficiency, liquidity, employee-based ratios and a series of figures on growth rate. Accounting data for the individual companies are given, together with principal ratios, areas of activity, names of directors and company secretary, trading address and holding companies.

  3. Designing Integrated Product- Service System Solutions in Manufacturing Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Nina; Patrício, Lia; Morelli, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Manufacturing firms are increasingly evolving towards the design of integrated product-service solutions but servitization literature does not provide specific guidance on how to design these integrated solutions. Building upon ProductService System (PSS) and Service Design (SD) approaches......, this paper proposes an integrative method that joins PSS’s systems and network approach with the creative, human-centered, value cocreation approach of SD. The paper also describes the development and application of this method to the creation of integrated solutions for the laboratory industry, highlighting...

  4. Decision making in the manufacturing environment using graph theory and fuzzy multiple attribute decision making methods

    CERN Document Server

    Rao, Ravipudi Venkata

    2007-01-01

    Manufacturing is the backbone of any industrialized nation. Recent worldwide advances in manufacturing technologies have brought about a metamorphism in the industry. Fast-changing technologies on the product front have created a need for an equally fast response from manufacturing industries. To meet these challenges, manufacturing industries have to select appropriate manufacturing strategies, product designs, manufacturing processes, work piece and tool materials, and machinery and equipment. The selection decisions are complex as decision making is more challenging today. Decision makers i

  5. Machinery malfunction diagnosis and correction: Vibration analysis and troubleshooting for process industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Eisemann, R.C.

    1998-12-31

    This book is an up-to-date, hands-on single-source diagnostic guide for process machinery. It contains extensive illustrations, sample calculations, and explicit physical explanations; a 7-point problem solving methodology based on the authors` 40+ years of expertise; and 52 highly detailed field case histories describing problem definition, investigation, analytical and measurement techniques, and the final corrective solutions. It includes usable computations, analytical procedures, definitions, explanations of fundamental machinery behavior, rotordynamics, static and dynamic measurements, data acquisition and processing, data interpretation, plus field proven problem-solving techniques. The book begins with fundamental concepts of lateral and torsional mechanical motion, and expands these basic models into acceptable simulations of real machines. Steam, gas, and hydro turbines, gear boxes, centrifugal and reciprocating compressors, pumps, expanders, motors and generators are analyzed from multiple perspectives. This text describes common malfunctions, plus unusual excitations and failure mechanisms. It is extensively illustrated, and contains detailed examples with sample calculations--along with case histories that cover refineries, chemical plants, power plants, paper mills and other processing facilities.

  6. The challenge of economic growth in Mexico. Manufacturing industries and industrial policy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The article focuses on a structural problem of the Mexican economy: low economic growth. It is argued that the manufacturing industries are the engine of economic growth. In this sense, it is assumed that one of them main causes of low growth in Mexico is the insufficient dynamic of the manufacturers. To verify the above, the authors used quarterly time series from 1982 to 2015, of the manufacturing output, non-manufacturing output, and total, through which they then proved stationarity and co-integration. They also applied a Granger causality test. The authors found that the manufacturing output series is a statistical effect of the non-manufacturing output and total, which is consistent with the sectorial-structural theoretical framework used as reference. Based on the results, the article discusses the current economic policy and recommends improvements, particularly in terms of procuring a more active focus in relation to promoting the development of the manufacturing output, to help the economy become more dynamic and enter a virtuous circle.

  7. Energy efficiency and CO2 emissions in Swedish manufacturing industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pardo Martinez, C.I. [Faculty of Environmental Engineering, University of La Salle, Bogota (Colombia); Silveira, S [Energy and Climate Studies, Department of Energy Technology, KTH, Stockholm (Sweden)

    2013-02-15

    This paper analyses the trends in energy consumption and CO2 emissions as a result of energy efficiency improvements in Swedish manufacturing industries between 1993 and 2008. Using data at the two-digit level, the performance of this sector is studied in terms of CO2 emissions, energy consumption, energy efficiency measured as energy intensity, value of production, fuel sources, energy prices and energy taxes. It was found that energy consumption, energy intensity and CO2 emission intensity, measured as production values, have decreased significantly in the Swedish manufacturing industries during the period studied. The results of the decomposition analysis show that output growth has not required higher energy consumption, leading to a reduction in both energy and CO2 emission intensities. The role of structural changes has been minor, and the trends of energy efficiency and CO2 emissions have been similar during the sample period. A stochastic frontier model was used to determine possible factors that may have influenced these trends. The results demonstrate that high energy prices, energy taxes, investments and electricity consumption have influenced the reduction of energy and CO2 emission intensities, indicating that Sweden has applied an adequate and effective energy policy. The study confirms that it is possible to achieve economic growth and sustainable development whilst also reducing the pressure on resources and energy consumption and promoting the shift towards a low-carbon economy.

  8. Impact of product platforms on lean production systems : evidence from industrial machinery manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, A.A.; Wortmann, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    The present study describes the effects of product platform changes on lean production systems. Current research into product platforms focuses mostly on the development stage. However, although the initial development of platforms is an important issue, product platforms often evolve during later

  9. Impact of product platforms on lean production systems : evidence from industrial machinery manufacturing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alblas, A.A.; Wortmann, J.C.

    2012-01-01

    The present study describes the effects of product platform changes on lean production systems. Current research into product platforms focuses mostly on the development stage. However, although the initial development of platforms is an important issue, product platforms often evolve during later s

  10. Review of CNPC Petroleum Equipment Manufacturing Industry during the Tenth Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Bingyi

    2006-01-01

    @@ The equipment manufacturing industry is a fundamental industry to provide technology and equipment for national economy development. Thus it is a strategic action to realize the sustainable development of national economy by vigorously developing the equipment manufacturing industry and taking the road of new industrialization. For more than 50 years,CNPC (China National Petroleum Corporation) has made significant achievements and developed a large integrated industrial system, making great contribution to the sustained stable development of Chinese petroleum industry.

  11. Industrial Test of High Strength Steel Plates Free Boron Q890D Used for Engineering Machinery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dong, Ruifeng; Liu, Zetian; Gao, Jun

    The chemistry composition, process parameters and the test results of Q890D free boron high strength steel plate used for engineering machinery was studied. The 16 40 mm thickness steel plates with good mechanical properties that was yield strength of 930 970 MPa, tensile strength of 978 1017 MPa, elongation of 13.5 15%, the average impact energy value of more than 100 J were developed by improving steel purity, adopting the reasonable controlled rolling and cooling process, using reasonable off-line quenching and tempering process. The test plates have good crack resistance in 60 °C preheat temperature condition because of that there are no any cracks in the surfaces, cross-section and roots of welding joints.

  12. Impact of Leagile Manufacturing System on Industrial Up-Gradation of Apparel Industry of Bangladesh

    OpenAIRE

    Shah Moahmmad Tanvir Monsur; Takahashi Yoshi

    2012-01-01

    In the manufacturing step of the global apparel value chain (GAVC) the firms face fierce competition due to availability of low cost labor and hence the opportunity to make higher profit is a tough job. A good strategy to overcome this problem is industrial up-gradation through value chain. Resource based view can be an important logic to advocate that leagile (lean and agile) manufacturing system can be an unique resource for the firm and can facilitate a firm for doing that up-gradation. Th...

  13. Critical success factors model developing for sustainable Kaizen implementation in manufactur-ing industry in Ethiopia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haftu Hailu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the research is to identify critical success factors and model developing for sustaining kaizen implementation. Peacock shoe is one of the manufacturing industries in Ethiopia facing challenges on sustaining. The methodology followed is factor analysis and empirically testing hypothesis. A database was designed using SPSS version 20. The survey was validated using statistical validation using the Cronbach alpha index; the result is 0.908. The KMO index value was obtained for the 32 items and had a value of 0.642 with Bartlett's Test of Sphericity Approx. Chi-Square 4503.007, degree of freedom 496 and significance value 0.000. A factor analysis by principal components and varimax rotation was applied for finding the critical success factors. Finding designates that 32 items were merged into eight critical success factors. All the eight factors together explain for 76.941 % of the variance. Multiple regression model analysis has indicated that some of the critical success factors had relationship with success indicators. Due to constraint of time, the researcher focused only at peacock shoe manufacturing industry. Other limitation also includes the absence of any local research that shows the critical success factors at the moment.

  14. 面向制造和装配的食品机械设计%Food machinery design for manufacturing and assembly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白晓丽; 伍毅

    2012-01-01

    Introduced the basic theory of design for manufacturing and assembly firstly; then analyzed the requirement for food machinery design and manufacturing and the shortcomings of some current deign methods; subsequently, employed the DFMA in the food machinery design, discussed the essentials of system design and the areas of improvement.%介绍面向制造和装配系统的机械设计的基本思想,分析现代社会对食品机械设计制造的要求以及食品机械的设计制造现状,并将面向制造和装配的机械设计方法应用到食品机械制造全过程分析设计中;探讨一般意义下的食品机械设计面向制造和装配应注意的事项等.

  15. 我国木工机械行业发展挑战与对策%The Strategy and Challenges of China's Woodworking Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾庆移

    2013-01-01

    文中综述了我国木工机械行业发展现状,重点论述了国内木工机械行业理论发展面临的严峻挑战,并进一步提出今后发展的策略。%This paper summarizes the current situation of China's woodworking machinery industry,discusses the challenges the theory development of woodworking machinery industry,and put forward the future development strategy.

  16. Integration of fuzzy theory into Kano model for classification of service quality elements: A case study in a machinery industry of China

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Qingliang Meng

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of study is to meet customer requirements and improve customer satisfaction that aims to classify customer requirements more effectively. And the classification is focused on the customer psychology. Design/methodology/approach: In this study, considering the advantages of Kano model in taking into account both customer’s consuming psychology and motivation, and combining with fuzzy theory which is effective to cope with uncertainty and ambiguity, a Kano model based on fuzzy theory is proposed. In view of the strong subjectivity of traditional Kano questionnaires, a fuzzy Kano questionnaire to classify the service quality elements more objectively is proposed. Furthermore, this study will also develop a mathematical calculation performance according to the quality classification of fuzzy Kano model. It’s more objective than traditional Kano model to realize the service quality elements classification. With this method, the accurate mentality can be fully reasonable reflected in some unknown circumstances. Finally, an empirical study in Xuzhou Construction Machinery Group Co., Ltd, the largest manufacturing industry in China, is showed to testify its feasibility and validity. Findings: The calculation results indicate that the proposed model has good performance in classifying customer requirements. With this method, the accurate mentality can be fully reasonable reflected in unknown circumstances and it is more objective than traditional Kano model to classify the service quality elements. Originality/value: This study provides a method to integrate fuzzy theory and Kano model, and develops a mathematical calculation performance according to the quality classification of fuzzy Kano model.

  17. A Multilevel Approach to Manual Lifting in Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kayis, Berman; Kothiyal, Kamal

    1996-01-01

    Musculoskeletal injuries are often the consequences of wrong postural configurations used during Manual Materials Handling (MMH). This eventually leads to a large payout of worker's compensation and loss of production time. A simulated study of back injury risks has been carried out on seven selected manufacturing industries to identify and evaluate harmful working postures. For each MMH task, Ovako Working Posture Analyzing System (OWAS) codes have been identified with the help of motion study pictures. Also, Chaffin's biomechanical model was used to calculate L5/S1 load compression values on the spine during MMH activities. The multilevel approach adopted was a combination of OWAS and Chaffin's biomechanical model. The application of a digitizer enabled us to identify the coordinates and it made a subsequent evaluation of the angles of each body link possible.

  18. Ergonomics intervention in an Iranian tire manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motamedzade, Majid

    2013-01-01

    The aim of an ergonomics intervention conducted in the tire manufacturing industry was to improve working conditions. Before the start, a senior manager supported the intervention. Participants were divided into teams and trained. After observing the overall performance of the teams, over 100 improvements were successfully implemented. After the improvements, there were statistically significant differences in annual and weekly prevalence of, and annual disability reported for, the upper back, the lower back, knees and wrists between before and after intervention. The annual prevalence of upper back, lower back, knee and wrist complaints decreased from, respectively, 60.3%, 50.2%, 28.9%, 25.8% before the intervention to 31.3%, 35.9%, 17.1%, 20.7% after the intervention. Significant factors were training and supportive environment based on full commitment of the top management.

  19. ANALYSIS OF ECONOMICS OF QUALITY IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Sailaj

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available In modern industries, much emphasis is given to quality as it is the most effective tool which can capture, retain and enlarge customer base. The customer satisfaction is the ultimate goal of business and no other strategy can achieve it other than attaining best quality. An improvement in quality enhances customer satisfaction, taper s manufacturing costs and of course in turn, increases productivity. But in business scenario, improving quality should be considered along with the expenses associated with it. The strategy should be to achieve high Quality in a most economic way. So identifying effective methods for the analysis of economics behind quality and reduction of costs associated with achieving quality is a serious potential management problem and should be looked in to and analyzed. Economics of Quality analysis which is also termed as cost of quality or quality cost analysis has emerged as a powerful management tool for assessing the present quality level of the organization and to identify the improvement opportunities and also supports in decision making. This paper presents a study on quality cost analysis of two manufacturing units and tries to analyze the interrelationships between quality cost categories using statistical methods. The secondary data collected from the financial records of two firms under manufacturing sector is used for this analysis. The Pearson product momentum correlation coefficient between different quality cost categories provides insight to the relationships between different quality cost elements and in turn helps management to set action priorities to be addressed to achieve good quality at lower cost. The regression analysis helps the management in estimation or prediction of the unknown value of one variable from the known value of the other variable.

  20. A NEW Curriclum for Manufacturing & Industrial Engineering and Engineering Management for Bs and Ms Degrees

    OpenAIRE

    Sari, Zaki

    2012-01-01

    This paper deals with the design and implementation of a new curriclum for manufacturing & industrial engineering and engineering management for bachelor and master degrees at tlemcen university, algeria

  1. 咸宁市农机服务产业化发展战略%The development strategy of agricultural machinery service industry in Xianning City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    饶正良; 饶崇明; 柳威

    2015-01-01

    In this paper the basic theories of the agricultural machinery service industrialization as a guide, from the perspective of the rational development of agricultural machinery, in the interview, inspecting on the basis of relevant information, and put forward the development of agricultural machinery service industrial-ization in Xianning city's strategic thought, strategic target, strategic tasks and strategic measures.In order to provide the reference for the government at all levels, the relevant departments in Xianning City, enterprises and farmers to develop agricultural machinery service industrialization.%以农机服务产业化的基本理论为指导,从农机合理开发利用的角度出发,在走访座谈、查阅相关资料的基础上,提出了咸宁市农机服务产业化发展的战略思想、战略目标、战略任务与战略措施,以期能为咸宁市各级政府、相关部门、企业和农户发展农机服务产业化提供参考.

  2. 营口地区农机维修业发展探讨%Discussion on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Maintenance Industry in Yingkou Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宽

    2015-01-01

    In the article, it expounded the status of present agricultural machinery maintenance enterprises and market requirements from basic situation of agricultural machinery maintenance places in Yingkou area; analyzed the problems existing in agricultural machinery maintenance industry from market economy aspect, raised future development direction and mode of agricultural machinery maintenance, in order to provide a reference for the development of agricultural machinery maintenance industry in Yingkou area.%从营口地区农机维修网点的基本情况出发,阐述现阶段农机维修企业现状与市场需求;从市场经济的角度分析农机维修业存在的问题,提出今后农机维修业的发展方向和发展模式,以期为营口地区农机维修业的发展壮大提供参考.

  3. Equipment failures and their contribution to industrial incidents and accidents in the manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bourassa, Dominic; Gauthier, François; Abdul-Nour, Georges

    2016-01-01

    Accidental events in manufacturing industries can be caused by many factors, including work methods, lack of training, equipment design, maintenance and reliability. This study is aimed at determining the contribution of failures of commonly used industrial equipment, such as machines, tools and material handling equipment, to the chain of causality of industrial accidents and incidents. Based on a case study which aimed at the analysis of an existing pulp and paper company's accident database, this paper examines the number, type and gravity of the failures involved in these events and their causes. Results from this study show that equipment failures had a major effect on the number and severity of accidents accounted for in the database: 272 out of 773 accidental events were related to equipment failure, where 13 of them had direct human consequences. Failures that contributed directly or indirectly to these events are analyzed.

  4. Biotreatability of wastewater generated during machinery washing in a wood-based industry: COD, formaldehyde and nitrogen removal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaczala, Fabio; Marques, Marcia; Hogland, William

    2010-12-01

    This paper describes biotreatability tests for treating a wastewater stream generated by wood-floor industries after cleaning and washing of machinery used to apply urea-formaldehyde resins onto wood-fiber boards. A biological system consisting of an anaerobic-intermittently aerated reactor in lab-scale was constructed. Since the investigated wastewater is intermittently generated, the system was designed to operate in batch mode. The treatment focused on removal of formaldehyde and COD, as well as the efficiency of nitrification-denitrification. The proposed cheap and relatively simple-to-operate biological system achieved COD and formaldehyde removal rates of 65+/-11% and 93+/-4% respectively. In spite of anaerobic ammonium removal and denitrification, the intermittently-aerated reactor showed poor performance for nitrification. Therefore, a better understanding of constraints for the process improvement is necessary. Regardless the constraints faced during the investigation, the proposed system can be considered feasible to partially reduce a great amount of biodegradable compounds in urea-formaldehyde-based wastewaters. However, to comply with strict threshold limits for industrial effluent discharges, the use of biological treatment combined with more advanced processes is needed to achieve a better quality of the final effluent.

  5. Importance of Advanced Planning of Manufacturing for Nuclear Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shykinov Nick

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available In the context of energy demands by growing economies, climate changes, fossil fuel pricing volatility, and improved safety and performance of nuclear power plants, many countries express interest in expanding or acquiring nuclear power capacity. In the light of the increased interest in expanding nuclear power the supply chain for nuclear power projects has received more attention in recent years. The importance of the advanced planning of procurement and manufacturing of components of nuclear facilities is critical for these projects. Many of these components are often referred to as long-lead items. They may be equipment, products and systems that are identified to have a delivery time long enough to affect directly the overall timing of a project. In order to avoid negatively affecting the project schedule, these items may need to be sourced out or manufactured years before the beginning of the project. For nuclear facilities, long-lead items include physical components such as large pressure vessels, instrumentation and controls. They may also mean programs and management systems important to the safety of the facility. Authorized nuclear operator training, site evaluation programs, and procurement are some of the examples. The nuclear power industry must often meet very demanding construction and commissioning timelines, and proper advanced planning of the long-lead items helps manage risks to project completion time. For nuclear components there are regulatory and licensing considerations that need to be considered. A national nuclear regulator must be involved early to ensure the components will meet the national legal regulatory requirements. This paper will discuss timing considerations to address the regulatory compliance of nuclear long-lead items.

  6. Recycling industrial waste in brick manufacture. Part 1

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreola, F.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The ongoing accumulation of industrial waste speaks to the need to seek cost-effective disposal methods. Brick manufacture would appear to be particularly promising in this regard. The present study analyzes the possibility of recycling the sludge generated in porcelain tile polishing, as well as coal, steel and municipal incinerator ash to make a special type of facing brick whose properties readily accommodate a full analysis of all the problems deriving from the incorporation of residue in its manufacture. Physical-chemical, mechanical and structural analyses were performed on bricks made with varying percentages of the different types of waste considered. This first paper reports the results of the physical arid technological characterization of the products; the second part of the research will address their chemical, mechanical and structural properties.

    El continuo aumento de la cantidad de residuos (desechos que se generan en los procesos industriales induce a buscar nuevos métodos alternativos a la disposición final que sean altamente eficientes y a bajo costo. La industria manufac turera de ladrillos resulta muy prometedora desde este punto de vista. En este trabajo ha sido investigada la posibilidad de usar distintos residuos industriales, entre ellos barros de pulido del gres porcelánico. cenizas de carbón, cenizas de acerías y de incinerador municipal para la fabricación de ladrillos de exteriores. Fueron analizados los problemas que podrían derivar al introducir estos residuos en la pasta. En particular, en esta primera parte del trabajo se muestran los resultados derivados de la introducción de los residuos considerados, en distintos porcentajes, sobre las propiedades físicas y tecnológicas del producto final. En la segunda parte se desarrollarán los efectos causados sobre las propiedades químicas, mecánicas y microestructurales.

  7. 基于ID3算法的机械制造业决策应用%Application of machinery manufacturing decision-making based on ID3 algorithm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲁钊; 陈世平

    2011-01-01

    针对机械制造业中质量管理不规范、决策效率偏低问题,以典型的机械制造企业为切入点,运用ID3决策树算法,以数据挖掘跨行业标准过程(CRISP-DM)对其质量管理信息进行数据挖掘.利用基于信息增益率的计算分类技术,生成了决策树模型,并将该模型在企业资源计划(ERP)中进行了初步实现.通过测试分析,该模型能有效提高管理决策效率,规范处理流程.%In order to improve the quality management and enhance the efficiency of decision-making in machinery manufacturing industry, this paper took the typical machinery enterprise' s business as an example and explored the data of management information by Cross-Industry Standard Process for Data Mining (CRISP-DM) standard process. By using the gain ratio calculation method based on ID3 decision tree algorithm, the study generated a decision tree model and made it an initial implementation in the company' s Enterprise Resources Planning (ERP) system. By test and analysis, the result shows that the model can standardize the business process and enhance the decision-making efficiency.

  8. The Impact of Technological Innovation on Industrial Efficiency and Food Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xuxian Yan

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available There is no denying that China's rapid economic growth is largely relying on high consumption and high emission, shows the character as low efficiency of extensive growth, which will inevitably lead to deep-seated contradictions and problems that restrict economic long-term development. From the perspective of economic growth, the enhancement of technical efficiency can make existing economic resources be fully utilized and reduce the losses caused by low efficiency, while the enhancement of technological progress can make the continuous and stable economic growth possible. In this study, we make an empirical analysis of how technological innovation will impact on industrial efficiency in food manufacturing industry. The result shows that: technological innovation has important influence to the rising of industrial efficiency; it has a strong co integration relationship with industrial efficiency at 5% significance level. Therefore, technological innovation is the fundamental way to solve the problems of environment and resources. At the same time, technological innovation is the Grainger reason to the industrial efficiency in food processing industry.

  9. Implementation competences as an attribute of executive employees of the flexible organisation – an attempt of their assessment among manufacturers of the agricultural machinery sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nogalski Bogdan

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Based on theoretical knowledge, own professional experience and conducted research, according to the authors, the paper’s objective is to develop and empirically verify the theoretical model of implementation competences of the executive employees of manufacturing companies of the agricultural machinery sector. The main objective achievement required to formulate and reach partial objectives, which include: a discussion and organisation of terminological issues in terms of understanding the term of implementation competences, b development of a general model of the executive employees’ implementation competences, which is a sign of knowledge, skills, personality features, attitudes and values, c empirical verification of the theoretical model; prioritisation of individual implementation competences in the assessment of executive employees or owners of selected companies and determination of competence weaknesses, which are characteristic of the executive personnel of these companies.

  10. 交货期窗口下小批量食品机械制造车间柔性调度%Research on flexible scheduling problem of small sized food machinery manufacturing job shop with due-date window

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋娟

    2012-01-01

    生产调度是保证制造车间生产有序、稳定运行的决定性因素,传统算法很难针对多目标柔性调度问题进行建模和有效求解.在此提出一种动态交货期窗口下基于遗传算法和模拟退火算法的混合式智能优化算法,并针对该类大规模组合优化问题进行建模仿真,采用著名的FT06 Benchmark对该算法的调度性能进行基准测试.结果表明,所提出混合式优化算法针对多目标,小批量食品机械制造车间柔性调度问题搜索效率高,质量稳定,具有较好地全局优化能力.%Food processing and packaging machinery industry is an important technical foundation for the food industry. With higher requirements for food variety and quality, it is urgent for the food machinery manufacturing industry to innovate and update the traditional techniques. The production scheduling is a key of success in the orderly and stable job-shop production. The traditional scheduling method is hard to model and solve the multi-objective combinatorial optimizations in realistic manufacturing system. In this paper an hybrid optimal algorithm,integrating genttic algorithm with simulated annealing algorithm, is developed to optimize flexible scheduling objective of E/T with due-date window. In addition,mathematical model is established. To testify optimization feasibility,the proposed approach has been simulated on FT06 benchmarks. Simulation results show that the proposed can effectively improve search efficiency,achieve better solution quality and global optimization.

  11. Significant Progress in China' s Machinery Industry: From a Big to a Strong Manufacturing Country%中国机械工业由制造大国迈向强国的重大进展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄开亮

    2012-01-01

    2010年,中国机械工业保持了良好的发展态势,经济运行指标全面达到历史最好水平。"十一五"时期,中国机械工业积极应对来自国内外的各种风险和挑战,经济、技术全面快速发展,综合实力大幅提升;经济技术面貌发生了重大变化,"十一五"时期是所有十一个五年计划或规划各项指标完成最好的"五年"之一,使得中国由机械大国向机械强国快速迈进。主要表现在:总的产销规模、外贸规模居世界前列;拥有一批具有强大国际竞争力的优势企业集团;全面扭转机械工业产品整体国际形象,"中国制造"机械产品成为国际一流品牌;科技创新能力达到较高水平,科技工作有了国际话语权。但是还存在自主创新能力明显薄弱、基础发展严重滞后、现代制造服务业发展缓慢、产业发展方式较为粗放等问题,需要继续改革、创新和提高。%The Chinese machinery industry maintains a good momentum of development in 2010 with indicators of economic operation reach a record high in every aspect. During the Eleventh Five-Year Plan period, Chinese machinery industry actively responded to various domestic and foreign risks and challenges, achieved rapid progress both economically and technologically, and greatly promoted its comprehensive strength. The economic and technological outlook has been profoundly changed. The Eleventh Five-Year Plan period is one of the best to hit all the targets in all the eleven five-year plans and enables China to rapidly march from a big machinery produc- er to a strong one. Major manifestations include the following: the overall scale of production, marketing, and export is in the front ranks in the world; there exist a number of internationally competitive enterprise groups with strong advantages; the overall international image of machinery products has been comprehensively improved with "Made in China" machinery products

  12. Construction of corporate social performance indicators for Czech manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Dočekalová

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article aims to map out the level of social performance measurement of Czech companies, i.e. what social performance indicators companies monitor and what information they provide to their stakeholders and to construct alternative corporate social performance indicators. Based on an analysis of 24 corporate voluntary reports and results of an empirical research performed among 79 large companies operating in the manufacturing industry, it was found that companies partially monitor their social performance, but from the perspective of international standards (e.g. Global Reporting Initiative, International Federation of Accountants it is still insufficient. Czech companies usually provide only absolute numbers which disguise real trends and do not allow year on year comparison or comparison with other companies. Czech companies should provide a comprehensive picture of their overall performance, they should not focus only on financial indicators based on accounting data, since it is known that the performance measurement based only on financial and economic performance does not lead to long-term success and sustainability of organizations. Companies should monitor more their impact on society within which they operate. Proposed corporate social performance indicators in a measurable and thus manageable way express social issues.

  13. Accelerating Industrial Adoption of Metal Additive Manufacturing Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vartanian, Kenneth; McDonald, Tom

    2016-03-01

    While metal additive manufacturing (AM) technology has clear benefits, there are still factors preventing its adoption by industry. These factors include the high cost of metal AM systems, the difficulty for machinists to learn and operate metal AM machines, the long approval process for part qualification/certification, and the need for better process controls; however, the high AM system cost is the main barrier deterring adoption. In this paper, we will discuss an America Makes-funded program to reduce AM system cost by combining metal AM technology with conventional computerized numerical controlled (CNC) machine tools. Information will be provided on how an Optomec-led team retrofitted a legacy CNC vertical mill with laser engineered net shaping (LENS®—LENS is a registered trademark of Sandia National Labs) AM technology, dramatically lowering deployment cost. The upgraded system, dubbed LENS Hybrid Vertical Mill, enables metal additive and subtractive operations to be performed on the same machine tool and even on the same part. Information on the LENS Hybrid system architecture, learnings from initial system deployment and continuing development work will also be provided to help guide further development activities within the materials community.

  14. Thermal comfort study of plastics manufacturing industry in converting process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sugiono Sugiono

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Thermal comfort is one of ergonomics factors that can create a significant impact to workers performance. For a better thermal comfort, several environment factors (air temperature, wind speed and relative humidity should be considered in this research. The object of the study is a building for converting process of plastics manufacturing industry located in Malang, Indonesia. The maximum air temperature inside the building can reach as high as 36°C. The result of this study shows that heat stress is dominantly caused by heat source from machine and wall building. The computational fluid dynamics (CFD simulation is used to show the air characteristic through inside the building. By using the CFD simulation, some scenarios of solution are successfully presented. Employees thermal comfort was investigated based on predicted mean vote model (PMV and predicted percentage of dissatisfied model (PPD. Existing condition gives PMV in range from 1.83 to 2.82 and PPD in range from 68.9 to 98%. Meanwhile, modification of ventilation and replacing ceiling material from clear glass into reflective clear glass gave significant impact to reduce PMV into range from 1.63 to 2.18 and PPD into range from 58.2 to 84.2%. In sort, new design converting building process has more comfortable for workers.

  15. Applicationof Computer Visionfor Polishing RobotinAutomotive Manufacturing Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adnan Rachmat Anom Besari

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Polishing is a highly skilled manufacturing process with a lot of constraints and interaction with environment. In general, the purpose of polishing is to get the uniform surface roughness distributed evenly throughout part’s surface. In order to reduce the polishing time and cope with the shortage of skilled workers, robotic polishing technology has been investigated. This paper studies about vision system to measure surface defects that have been characterized to some level of surface roughness. The surface defects data have learned using artificial neural networks to give a decision in order to move the actuator of arm robot. Force and rotation time have chosen as output parameters of artificial neural networks. Results shows that although there is a considerable change in both parameter values acquired from vision data compared to real data, it is still possible to obtain surface defects characterization using vision sensor to a certain limit of accuracy. The overall results of this research would encourage further developments in this area to achieve robust computer vision based surface measurement systems for industrial robotic, especially in polishing process. Keywords: polishing robot, vision sensor, surface defects, and artificial neural networks

  16. Characterization of new international business of traditional manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santiago Cantarero Sanz

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The main objective of this study was to study the characteristics of the New International Business (NIS or Born-Global in a sample of 81 SMEs belonging to the Spanish textile sector. This is descriptive analysis regarding the location, the subsector of activity, size, economic performance and internationalization strategy implemented by the NEI (2005-2009.The results identified three groups of NIS: export, import and export-import. The group of companies that makeup the largest importers and are associated with smaller companies. The exporters appear to be related more to low techsub-sectors while more internationally committed are those with a higher dimension. Regarding the location not detected any evidence of territorial pattern. Finally, among firms internationalized in the time period analyzed, it is also noteworthy that the economic performance of these is higher among importers. This study provides information on why the same country and same industry some companies decide shortly be created to assume certain levels of risk, engaging in operations engaged in foreign markets while others do not. It also participates in the debate on the competitiveness of manufacturing companies.

  17. A modular, partitioned, discrete element framework for industrial grain distribution systems with rotating machinery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Guillermo; Mukherjee, Debanjan; Celigueta, Miguel Angel; Zohdi, Tarek I.; Onate, Eugenio

    2015-11-01

    A modular discrete element framework is presented for large-scale simulations of industrial grain-handling systems. Our framework enables us to simulate a markedly larger number of particles than previous studies, thereby allowing for efficient and more realistic process simulations. This is achieved by partitioning the particle dynamics into distinct regimes based on their contact interactions, and integrating them using different time-steps, while exchanging phase-space data between them. The framework is illustrated using numerical experiments based on fertilizer spreader applications. The model predictions show very good qualitative and quantitative agreement with available experimental data. Valuable insights are developed regarding the role of lift vs drag forces on the particle trajectories in-flight, and on the role of geometric discretization errors for surface meshing in governing the emergent behavior of a system of particles.

  18. A modular, partitioned, discrete element framework for industrial grain distribution systems with rotating machinery

    Science.gov (United States)

    Casas, Guillermo; Mukherjee, Debanjan; Celigueta, Miguel Angel; Zohdi, Tarek I.; Onate, Eugenio

    2017-04-01

    A modular discrete element framework is presented for large-scale simulations of industrial grain-handling systems. Our framework enables us to simulate a markedly larger number of particles than previous studies, thereby allowing for efficient and more realistic process simulations. This is achieved by partitioning the particle dynamics into distinct regimes based on their contact interactions, and integrating them using different time-steps, while exchanging phase-space data between them. The framework is illustrated using numerical experiments based on fertilizer spreader applications. The model predictions show very good qualitative and quantitative agreement with available experimental data. Valuable insights are developed regarding the role of lift vs drag forces on the particle trajectories in-flight, and on the role of geometric discretization errors for surface meshing in governing the emergent behavior of a system of particles.

  19. Manufacturing technology in the Danish pig slaughter industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinrichsen, Lars

    2010-02-01

    The Danish pig meat industry is very export oriented. Ninety per cent of the production of the big cooperative slaughterhouses is exported to more than 100 countries all over the world. This poses a requirement for the industry to be globally competitive in the sense of quality, product safety and--of course--price. A big challenge for the industry is therefore to maintain sufficient low unit costs in spite of the high factor costs of Denmark. In particular the high labour costs must be accompanied by correspondingly high labour productivity. And, it should be emphasized, this high labour productivity must be achieved without compromising the concern for good working conditions of the employees in the manufacturing. Technology is one of the means to achieve this combination of good working conditions and high labour productivity. One of the most important benefits from automation is the improved working environment. Pig slaughtering, cutting and boning is traditionally very labour intensive and requires hard and repetitive work. For many people a job in a slaughterhouse is therefore not their first choice. This situation can be changed by automation, which will not only reduce arduous and repetitive work but in addition will introduce more motivating jobs in terms of planning, supervision and control of the new technology. Automation will also improve the hygiene and thereby the food safety. This applies in particular to the clean slaughter line where cross contamination between carcasses is reduced because of less manual handling and because the tools in the machines can be sterilised more effectively between each carcass. Automated processes are more accurate and repeatable than manual work. For some processes, in particular in cutting and boning, this will enhance the product yield. New technology can also improve the animal welfare. The group-stunning system and mechanised lairage systems are examples of that. Improved animal welfare has an ethical value in

  20. Regional Capital Inputs in Chinese Industry and Manufacturing, 1978-2003

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Lili; Szirmai, Adam

    2008-01-01

    This paper provides new estimates of capital inputs in the Chinese economy. Estimates are made for the total economy (1953-2003), for the industrial sector (1978-2003) and for the manufacturing sector (1985-2003). The estimates for industry and manufacturing are broken down by thirty regions. The ma

  1. Regional Capital Inputs in Chinese Industry and Manufacturing, 1978-2003

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Lili; Szirmai, Adam

    2008-01-01

    This paper provides new estimates of capital inputs in the Chinese economy. Estimates are made for the total economy (1953-2003), for the industrial sector (1978-2003) and for the manufacturing sector (1985-2003). The estimates for industry and manufacturing are broken down by thirty regions. The ma

  2. Analysis on the Status of Sowing Machinery Industry in China%我国播种机械行业现状分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王伟

    2015-01-01

    根据我国播种机械行业的实际发展情况,分析播种机械存在的主要问题,针对造成质量问题的具体原因,提出切实可行的发展建议,为我国播种机械总体水平的提高提供参考。%According to the development practice of sowing machinery industry in China, it analyzed the main problems existing in sow-ing machinery, considering the specific reasons caused the quality problems, it raised feasible development suggestions, provided a ref-erence for improving the general level of sowing machinery in China.

  3. Service Composition in the Cloud-Based Manufacturing Focused on the Industry 4.0

    OpenAIRE

    Pisching, Marcos,; JUNQUEIRA, FABRÍCIO; Filho, Diolino,; Miyagi, Paulo,

    2015-01-01

    Part 3: Cloud-Based Manufacturing; International audience; The emerging Industry 4.0 concept, also called fourth industrial revolution and understood as smart factory, is based on integration of both Internet of Things and Cyber-Physical Systems. In smart factory, these two concepts are converging to the Internet of Services, which uses the cloud-based manufacturing for creating, publishing, and sharing the services that represent manufacturing processes, and could be offered by virtual enter...

  4. What would be the effects of a carbon tax in Japan: an historic analysis of subsidies and fuel pricing on the iron & steel, chemical, and machinery industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Takako Wakiyama

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This study examines how a carbon tax could affect industrial-related carbon dioxide (CO2 emissions in Japan. Rather than forecasting the effects of a tax, the paper employs a time-series autoregressive moving average (ARMA model to determine how past subsidies and fuel price changes affected investments in energy and carbon intensity in Japan’s iron & steel, chemical, and machinery industries from 1993 to 2004. The results suggest the impacts varied greatly across industries. In the iron & steel industry, subsidies and price changes produced negligible effects on investments in energy and carbon intensity. This may be because existing iron & steel technologies have long lifetimes and substantial replacement costs. It may also be because the few large companies dominating the industry were relatively immune to subsidy provisions and pricing changes. In the chemical industry, subsidies and fuel prices gave rise to investments that improved carbon and energy intensity. This may be because the industry has relatively higher operation costs that could be cut easily given financial incentives. In the machinery industry, two of three fuel price changes (oil and gas, but not subsidy provisions, yielded improvements in carbon and energy intensity. This may reflect the heterogeneity of companies and products comprising the industry. Overall, the study underscores that policymakers need to tailor the rates and revenue recycling provisions of a carbon tax to an industry’s unique features to stimulate CO2 reductions.

  5. Industrial Characteristics and Employment of Older Manufacturing Workers in the Early-Twentieth-Century United States

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, Chulhee

    2015-01-01

    This study explores how industry-specific technological, organizational, and managerial features affected the employment of old male manufacturing workers in the early twentieth-century United States. Industrial characteristics favorably related to the employment of old industrial workers include high labor productivity, less capital- and material-intensive production, short workdays, low intensity of work, high job flexibility, and formalized employment relationship. Results show that aged industrial workers were heavily concentrated in “unfavorable” industries, suggesting that the contemporary argument of “industrial scrap heap” was applicable for most of the manufacturing workers in the early twentieth century United States. PMID:26989273

  6. Energy Savings Thanks to French Textile Machinery

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ The French Textile Machinery Manufacturers' Association (UCMTF) has presented, during a seminar it organized for textile professionals and students, the spectacular energy savings achieved thanks to state of the art machinery.

  7. Italian Textile Machinery Seminar in Bangladesh

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The Association of Italian Textile Machinery Manufacturers (ACIMIT) and the Italian Trade Commission will hold a technological seminar on "Italian textile machinery: the way to improve Bangladesh textile competitiveness"

  8. Smart Manufacturing for the Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Zhihong Yuan; Weizhong Qin; Jinsong Zhao

    2017-01-01

    Smart manufacturing will transform the oil refining and petrochemical sector into a connected, information-driven environment. Using real-time and high-value support systems, smart manufacturing enables a coordinated and performance-oriented manufacturing enterprise that responds quickly to customer demands and minimizes energy and material usage, while radically improving sustainability, productivity, innovation, and economic competitiveness. In this paper, several examples of the applicatio...

  9. Are the determinants of markup size industry-specific? The case of Slovenian manufacturing firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ponikvar Nina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to identify factors that affect the pricing policy in Slovenian manufacturing firms in terms of the markup size and, most of all, to explicitly account for the possibility of differences in pricing procedures among manufacturing industries. Accordingly, the analysis of the dynamic panel is carried out on an industry-by-industry basis, allowing the coefficients on the markup determinants to vary across industries. We find that the oligopoly theory of markup determination for the most part holds for the manufacturing sector as a whole, although large variability in markup determinants exists across industries within the Slovenian manufacturing. Our main conclusion is that each industry should be investigated separately in detail in order to assess the precise role of markup factors in the markup-determination process.

  10. Designing Integrated Product- Service System Solutions in Manufacturing Industries

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Costa, Nina; Patrício, Lia; Morelli, Nicola

    2015-01-01

    Manufacturing firms are increasingly evolving towards the design of integrated product-service solutions but servitization literature does not provide specific guidance on how to design these integrated solutions. Building upon ProductService System (PSS) and Service Design (SD) approaches...... how it brings new insights to manufacturing companies moving to a service, value cocreation perspective....

  11. Economic Operation Analysis of Guangdong Machinery Industry in 2015 and Forecast in 2016%2015年广东省机械工业经济运行分析及2016年预测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李兰芳

    2016-01-01

    2015年是广东省机械工业转型升级的关键一年。“智能制造”、“机器换人”等战略布置拉动了专用机械的迅猛发展,主要原材料价格持续走低为企业带来较为丰厚的利润空间。同时,行业面临产能过剩与国内外市场需求疲软等多重困难,对2015年广东机械工业的营收、利润、出口、主要产品产量、固定资产投资等方面进行回顾,分析行业存在的主要困难与问题,如自主创新能力不强仍然是企业转型升级的主要瓶颈、重大装备产业配套基础薄弱、严峻的市场形势给中小企业的压力日益加大。并对影响2016年广东机械工业运行的因素进行剖析,预测2016年将会延续2015年企稳回升的发展态势,保持平稳增长。%2015 is a key year for the transformation and upgrading of mechanical industry in Guangdong province. "Intelligent manufacturing, machine substitution" strategy layout, pulls the rapid development of special machinery, main raw material prices continued to decline for enterprise to bring more lucrative profits space. At the same time, the industry faces overcapacity and weak demand in the market at home and abroad multiple difficulties, this paper reviews of Guangdong machinery industry revenues, profits, exports, the main product output, fixed assets investment in 2015, analyzes main difficulties and problems of the existence of the industry, such as the ability of independent innovation is not strong, which is still the enterprise transformation and upgrading of the main bottleneck, major equipment industry supporting foundation is weak, the market situation grim to SMEs pressure increasing. And the impact of Guangdong machinery industry in 2016 to analyze the factors affecting the forecast in 2016 will continue in 2015 to stabilize and rise in the development trend,to maintain a stable growth.

  12. 搞好农机监理内业工作之对策%Countermeasures of Agricultural Machinery Supervision in The Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张义祥

    2015-01-01

    农机监理工作关系到人民的生命和财产安全,农机监理内业工作是搞好农机监理工作的基础。要想搞好农机监理内业工作,首先要加强学习,提高自身的素质,既要提高政治素质,也要提高业务能力,其次要按照农业部颁布的规定和规范认真办理农机监理业务,同时加强部门间的协作,共同保障农机安全生产,促进社会稳定。%The agricultural machinery supervision is related to peopleˊs life and property security,and agricultural machinery supervision work in the industry is the foundation of doing a good job of the agricultural machines supervision.If you want to do a good job in agricultural machinery supervision work in the industry,the first thing is to strengthen learning,improve their quality, to improve political quality,and improve business ability;then it must be standardized in accordance with the regulations issued by the ministry of agriculture and seriously deal with agricultural machinery supervision business,at the same time,strengthen the collaboration between departments,jointly safeguard farm machinery safety in production,promote social stability.

  13. Smart Manufacturing for the Oil Refining and Petrochemical Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhihong Yuan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Smart manufacturing will transform the oil refining and petrochemical sector into a connected, information-driven environment. Using real-time and high-value support systems, smart manufacturing enables a coordinated and performance-oriented manufacturing enterprise that responds quickly to customer demands and minimizes energy and material usage, while radically improving sustainability, productivity, innovation, and economic competitiveness. In this paper, several examples of the application of so-called “smart manufacturing” for the petrochemical sector are demonstrated, such as the fault detection of a catalytic cracking unit driven by big data, advanced optimization for the planning and scheduling of oil refinery sites, and more. Key scientific factors and challenges for the further smart manufacturing of chemical and petrochemical processes are identified.

  14. The implementation of Supply Chain Collaboration in China: Manufacturing Industries

    OpenAIRE

    HAN, CHE

    2011-01-01

    As we know that supply chain management is important to a manufacturing company and Chinese manufacturing companies have great contribution to the world. Unfortunately, Chinese companies still use traditional supply chain to operate, and it will not help companies to improve their performance and save costs. In this way, the topic of this dissertation is investigating one of the modern supply chain management strategies which is supply chain collaboration. In addition, the supplier developmen...

  15. A Study to Determine the Educational Needs of Industrial Technologists in the Automotive-Type Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald Walter

    Questionnaires were used to gather data about educational needs of industrial technologists in the automotive-type manufacturing industries in the United States. Each of the 101 establishments received four questionnaires; 67 (66.3 percent) returned one or more of the questionnaires. The responses of the selected individuals were analyzed by…

  16. A Study to Determine the Educational Needs of Industrial Technologists in the Automotive-Type Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hall, Ronald Walter

    Questionnaires were used to gather data about educational needs of industrial technologists in the automotive-type manufacturing industries in the United States. Each of the 101 establishments received four questionnaires; 67 (66.3 percent) returned one or more of the questionnaires. The responses of the selected individuals were analyzed by…

  17. China's Industrial Policy in Relation to Electronics Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhongxiu Zhao; Xiaoling Huang; Dongya Ye; Paul Gentle

    2007-01-01

    China has become the biggest exporter of electronic products in the world. Government policy intervention has contributed significantly to the rapid expansion of the electronics industry. The present paper examines the evolutionary development of industrial policies related to the electronics industry in China and the impacts of such policies on the shaping of the industry. In particular, the relationship between foreign funded enterprises and domestic firms are examined in detail. The future trend of the industry is also discussed in the paper, and the policy focus of the Chinese Government is predicted.

  18. INTRODUCTION OF LEAN MANUFACTURING PHILOSOPHY BY KAIZEN EVENT: CASE STUDY ON A METALMECHANICAL INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Mitsuo Kojima Campos

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The competitive scenario requires organizational strategies increasingly elaborated, creating the need of companies to structure their management models in order to absorb these conflicts generated by competition. The manufacturing area is financially affecting deeply the company's results, thus process improvement comes as the organization's survival guideline, and the rationalization of waste without the need for high investments, shown a great competitive alternative. The application of Kaizen event seeks to measure the benefits generated by the implementation of the philosophy of lean manufacturing, working setup aspects of machinery, the manufacturing process flow, reduced delivery lead-time and inventory process. The Kaizen Blitz was applied in a production cell of stamping and spirt processes. The obtained major improvements have been the reduction of machine setup time, reducing lead-time of item processing, the material flow within the production cell, and creating conditions for a more flexible management of the production schedule.

  19. The Correlation between Structural Capital and Innovation in Indonesian Manufacturing Industry

    CERN Document Server

    Wijayanti, R; Nadhiroh, I M; Aminullah, E; Kusnandar,; Fizzanty, T; Handayani, T; Rahmaida, R; Laili, N; Kusbiantono,; Handoko, L T

    2012-01-01

    The statistical relationship between structural capital and innovation in Indonesian manufacturing industries is presented. The correlation is constructed using recent survey data on the contribution of structural capital to the innovation processes in the industries. The correlation is represented quantitatively using the recently developed Intellectual Capital and Innovation (ICI) index involving all components of intellectual capital and its role to enable innovation in a manufacturing industry. However, the paper is focused only on the contribution of structural capital component. Using the available data it is shown that the correlation is highly depending on the scale and characteristics of each manufacture. It is also argued that the ICI index is able to quantitatively prove the dominant components in innovation processes for each class of manufacturing industries.

  20. Management Practice of Supply Chain Quality Management in Service-oriented Manufacturing Industry

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Ping Gu; Ruyi Song; Xuyun Chen

    2017-01-01

    Supply chain quality management (SCQM) in service-oriented manufacturing industries is needed in delivering value to customers in all process of supply chain management based on total quality management (TQM...

  1. Smartfactory: challenges of open and low cost ICT in the small manufacturing industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Bosscha, P

    2006-02-27

    Full Text Available The neglected field of appropriate information and communications technologies for small companies in the manufacturing industry is addressed through the development of an architecture that integrates various open and low-cost technologies...

  2. Advanced manufacturing technologies for improved competitiveness of the South African manufacturing industry

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Tlale, NS

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available In this paper the manufacturing environment with regards to technology and market is discussed. Both the South African and global view are given, together with technology management strategies. Value added products are described and determined...

  3. Foreign Direct Investment and Technology Spillovers:Evidence from China’s manufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    <正>FDI will cause technological advance in host industry by its spillover effects.The approaches of technology spillover include horizontal spillover and vertical spillover.Most scholars do research on the two kinds of spillover effects separately. Therefore,by using panel data and Malquist index of China’s manufactuting industry, this paper analyses the two spillover effects of FDI on China’s manufacturing industry in one frame in order to test scientifically the spillover effects of FDI on China’s manufacturing industry.

  4. Changing Employment Patterns of Scientists, Engineers, and Technicians in Manufacturing Industries: 1977-80. Final Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Science Foundation, Washington, DC.

    This report presents an analysis of science, engineering, and technician (SET) employment within manufacturing industries based on data from the 1977 and 1980 Occupational Employment Statistics survey. The purposes of the report are to: (1) summarize employment data for detailed SET occupations in manufacturing to describe demand patterns; (2)…

  5. ACCOUNTING AND ORGANISATIONAL CHANGE IN A MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny van Sten-van’t Hoff

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The paper discusses change drivers, change actions and change outcomes in a textilemanufacturing industry in converting traditional management accounting into activitybasedmanagement.

  6. Towards an Industrial Manufactured Morphing Trailing Edge Flap System for Wind Turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard Madsen, Helge; Løgstrup Andersen, Tom; Bergami, Leonardo

    specifications mean no metal and electrical parts in the blades have so far limited the use of the smart blade technology on wind turbines. In the 3½ year project INDUFLAP (2011-2024), funded by the Danish Energy Agency through the EUDP programme, a flap system developed at DTU and tested on a laboratory level......, is transferred into an industrial manufacturing process and tested on a novel rotating test rig. The industrial partners are Rehau, Hydratech Industries and Dansk Gummi Industri....

  7. [Noise hazard and hearing loss in workers in automotive component manufacturing industry in Guangzhou, China].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Zhi; Liang, Jiabin; Rong, Xing; Zhou, Hao; Duan, Chuanwei; Du, Weijia; Liu, Yimin

    2015-12-01

    To investigate noise hazard and its influence on hearing loss in workers in the automotive component manufacturing industry. Noise level in the workplace of automotive component manufacturing enterprises was measured and hearing examination was performed for workers to analyze the features and exposure levels of noise in each process, as well as the influence on hearing loss in workers. In the manufacturing processes for different products in this industry, the manufacturing processes of automobile hub and suspension and steering systems had the highest degrees of noise hazard, with over-standard rates of 79.8% and 57.1%, respectively. In the different technical processes for automotive component manufacturing, punching and casting had the highest degrees of noise hazard, with over-standard rates of 65.0% and 50%, respectively. The workers engaged in the automotive air conditioning system had the highest rate of abnormal hearing ability (up to 3.1%). In the automotive component manufacturing industry, noise hazard exceeds the standard seriously. Although the rate of abnormal hearing is lower than the average value of the automobile manufacturing industry in China, this rate tends to increase gradually. Enough emphasis should be placed on the noise hazard in this industry.

  8. Waste reduction possibilities for manufacturing systems in the industry 4.0

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tamás, P.; Illés, B.; Dobos, P.

    2016-11-01

    The industry 4.0 creates some new possibilities for the manufacturing companies’ waste reduction for example by appearance of the cyber physical systems and the big data concept and spreading the „Internet of things (IoT)”. This paper presents in details the fourth industrial revolutions’ more important achievements and tools. In addition there will be also numerous new research directions in connection with the waste reduction possibilities of the manufacturing systems outlined.

  9. Study on the Transformation and Upgrade of E-Commerce Application in Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Liang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Under the Internet thinking, manufacturing management mode is changed, it is not depend on the scale, but in the user as the center, more dependent on the reaction rate of user requirements. As the big data, cloud computing, Internet of things technology such as the development of technology, manufacturing is from automatic to intelligent evolution, on the user's personalized customization is possible. Using Internet thinking positive development manufacturing enterprise electronic commerce application mode of transformation and upgrading of manufacturing industry plays an important role. Promoting the continued ascent of manufacturing industry informatization level, promote the transformation of the manufacturing production mode, provide greater profit space for the export of products. In industrial 4.0 mode, the user is the core of the enterprise, C2B model will be the mainstream of future manufacturing e-commerce application mode. This paper to present the sorted out the basic model of manufacturing enterprise electronic commerce application, point out the existing problems, and the computing technology, communication technology, the constant development of storage technology, such as background, puts forward the corresponding countermeasure, points out that the C2B model is the development direction of manufacturing enterprise electronic commerce application mode.

  10. Changes in the competitive advantages of Croatia’s manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomislav Galović

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this research is to analyse the position and detecte competitive advantages of Croatia’s manufacturing industry in foreign exchange trading. The methodology of this research is based on the application of indices of openness to foreign trade and detected competitive advantages, as well as the complete analysis of the manufacturing industry structure of the Republic of Croatia. In order to analyse the competitive advantages of the manufacturing industry in the Republic of Croatia the following quantitative methods were used: Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA, as a method for detecting comparative advantages of exporting goods of some countries, Export Competitiveness Indices (XS, as a method for measuring export competitiveness of the observed countries, Export Specialization Index (ES, as a method for comparing export activities of the manufacturing industry in the Republic of Croatia and the European Union, and the Relative Trade Advantage Index (RTA that incorporates the RCA and the RMA indices. The main results of the research indicate competitive advantages detected by measuring, evaluation of the Croatian manufacturing industry particularly on foreign markets, recommendations and proposals in order to reach a higher level of export competitiveness. The main conclusion of this research is that there is a need to establish prerequisites and to define measures for structural changes in the Croatian manufacturing industry.Key words: JEL classification: O18, O12, F18, R11

  11. Incorporation of industrial laundry sludge in the manufacture of particleboards

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luciana Cristina Soto Herek Rezende

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to demonstrate a sustainable alternative to the use of residues by treating industrial laundry wastewater, thereby making them useful in producing wood particleboards as furniture. For this purpose, physical, chemical, and mechanical tests were carried out in order to characterize the product, which showed acceptable characteristics for commercial use as elements in the furniture industry.

  12. Innovation Training within the Australian Advanced Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Jerome Denis; Maritz, Alex; McLellan, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Innovation has emerged as a core driver for the future profitability and success of the manufacturing sector, and increasingly both governments and the private sector are examining ways to support the development of innovation capabilities within organisations. In this research, we have evaluated a government-funded innovation training course…

  13. Root Cause Assessment for a Manufacturing Industry: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. Kalantri

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Root-cause identification for quality related problems are key issues for manufacturing processes. It has been a very challenging engineering problem particularly in a multistage manufacturing, where maximum number of processes and activities are performed. However, it may also be implemented with ease in each and every individual set up and activities in any manufacturing process. Kaizen is aimed towards reduction in different types of losses i.e. Failure Loss/ Breakdown Loss, Minor stoppage, idling loss, Setup and adjustment loss etc. So as to improve quality and productivity.In this report, root-cause identification methodology has been adopted to eliminate the rejection of product manufactured by the enterprise and improving the life of product. Brainstorming and other Root Cause Assesmenttools have been used to find out the reasons of tube failure and vibration in tubular strander. Solutions of these problems have also given in this report. Kaizen activities have reduced the time consumed in daily activities of cleaning, lubricating, inspection etc. A detailed study has illustrated the effectiveness of the proposed methodology.

  14. Innovation Training within the Australian Advanced Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Donovan, Jerome Denis; Maritz, Alex; McLellan, Andrew

    2013-01-01

    Innovation has emerged as a core driver for the future profitability and success of the manufacturing sector, and increasingly both governments and the private sector are examining ways to support the development of innovation capabilities within organisations. In this research, we have evaluated a government-funded innovation training course…

  15. New Synthetic Method for Industrial Manufacture of Glutaric Dialdehyde

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Jianli; Wang Luyao; Bai Yinjuan; Li Zheng; Shi Zhen

    2006-01-01

    A new synthetic method for the manufacture of glutaric dialdehyde is investigated.Glutaric dialdehyde was prepared by the addition-hydrolysis reaction of benzimidazolium salt with saturated dihalide as the di-Grignard reagent.The yield of glutaric dialdehyde by this method can reach 73%.Both infrared spectra and melting point of the compound were consistent with those reported earlier.

  16. Six sigma critical success factors in manufacturing industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mustafa, Zainol; Jamaluddin, Z.

    2017-04-01

    The success of Six Sigma implementation is known to depend on a number of contributing factors. The purpose of this paper is to explore Six Sigma critical success factors (CSFs) in the context of Malaysian manufacturing organizations. Although Six Sigma success factors have been abundantly researched in the global context, in this paper, a maiden attempt is made to identify, through an extensive literature review, the CSFs for Six Sigma implementation followed by their validation using primary data collection from Malaysian manufacturing companies. A total of 33 indicators have thus been compiled through an extensive literature review which then been grouped into 6 contributing factors. These contributing success factors are then validated through an empirical research of selected Malaysian manufacturing companies at various stages of implementation of the Six Sigma process improvement methodology. There has been an overemphasis on the role and commitment of the management in the success of a Six Sigma program. Though it is undoubted, certain other factors also play an equally important role in ensuring that the Six Sigma programs are successful. The factor analysis of CSFs of the Malaysian manufacturing organizations selected in this study demonstrates that the top factor is a composite factor showing combination of the ability of the project teams to use the process management on quality initiative and a training using a proper analysis in problem solving. The CSFs extracted through the factor analysis could provide a basis for manufacturing organizations embarking on the Six Sigma journey to look beyond just management involvement. Thus, one can develop an integrated framework of other factors as outlined and give them appropriate priority and focus.

  17. Cybersecurity for industry 4.0 analysis for design and manufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Schaefer, Dirk

    2017-01-01

    This book introduces readers to cybersecurity and its impact on the realization of the Industry 4.0 vision. It covers the technological foundations of cybersecurity within the scope of the Industry 4.0 landscape and details the existing cybersecurity threats faced by Industry 4.0, as well as state-of-the-art solutions with regard to both academic research and practical implementations. Industry 4.0 and its associated technologies, such as the Industrial Internet of Things and cloud-based design and manufacturing systems are examined, along with their disruptive innovations. Further, the book analyzes how these phenomena capitalize on the economies of scale provided by the Internet. The book offers a valuable resource for practicing engineers and decision makers in industry, as well as researchers in the design and manufacturing communities and all those interested in Industry 4.0 and cybersecurity.

  18. Quality Improvement Of Fan Manufacturing Industry By Using Basic Seven Tools Of Quality: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sulaman Muhammad

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Research was carried out in a Fan manufacturing industry to address the quality related problems and improve their quality level by implementing basic seven tools of quality. These are important tools used worldwide in manufacturing industries for continual improvement. Flow chart, Check sheet, Histogram, Cause & Effect diagram, Pareto chart, Scatter diagram & Control charts were implemented in different steps of manufacturing process to define the problem, measure its impact, finding out its root cause and its removal to ensure the production of non defective items. The case study was carried out in “FECTO FAN” Gujranwala, Pakistan.

  19. Advantage Management Strategy in Competition via Technological Race Perspective: Empirical Evidence from the Taiwanese Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsu-Yi Hung

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available This study investigated the advantage management strategies of a firm regarding the technological race in the manufacturing sector. This is to reveal whether firms adopt a catch-up or leapfrogging strategy in the competition for innovation. The results show that competition is fierce in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. Taiwanese manufacturing firms (mostly SMEs tend to adopt the “catch-up” strategy to keep up with their competitors in order to remain in the technological race. The result indicates that, under financial constraints, Taiwanese manufacturing firms attempt to invest in R&D to catch up with their rivals or to avoid being eliminated from the race.

  20. Advantage management strategy in competition via technological race perspective: empirical evidence from the Taiwanese manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hung, Tsu-Yi; Hsiao, Yu-Ju; Wu, Shih-Wei

    2014-01-01

    This study investigated the advantage management strategies of a firm regarding the technological race in the manufacturing sector. This is to reveal whether firms adopt a catch-up or leapfrogging strategy in the competition for innovation. The results show that competition is fierce in the Taiwanese manufacturing industry. Taiwanese manufacturing firms (mostly SMEs) tend to adopt the "catch-up" strategy to keep up with their competitors in order to remain in the technological race. The result indicates that, under financial constraints, Taiwanese manufacturing firms attempt to invest in R&D to catch up with their rivals or to avoid being eliminated from the race.

  1. [Experience with amalgams manufactured by Southern Dental Industries (Australia)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarján, I; Gábris, K; Balaton, P; Dénes, J

    1990-09-01

    The gamma 2 phaseless amalgam of the firm Southern Dental Industries (SDI) was tested. None of the 205 fillings showed level deviations, unevenness, secondary caries and breakage. A minimum size gap was found in 2 cases.

  2. Industrial image processing visual quality control in manufacturing

    CERN Document Server

    Demant, Christian; Garnica, Carsten

    2013-01-01

    This practical introduction focuses on how to build integrated solutions to industrial vision problems from individual algorithms. It gives a hands-on guide for setting up automated visual inspection systems using the NeuroCheck software package.

  3. Coatings Manufacturing Technology for China's Automobile Industry Conference

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    China's automobile industry is experiencing continued phenomenal growth with the first 11 months of 2003 seeing an output of over 4 million units.This has lead to a huge growth in the consumption of automotive coatings with a 30% growth expected in 2004,reaching 200,000 tons-compared to a 7% average growth for the coatings industry as a whole.Output is predieted to reach 300,000 tons by 2010!

  4. Manufacturing Technology Research Needs of the Gear Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-12-31

    OF TER1S ADI Austempered Ductile Iron AGMA American Gear Manufacturers Association AGV Automatic Guided Vehicle Al Artificial Intelligence ASME...I 3 2.2.11.5 Department of Commerce. The Department of Commerce is provid- ing about half the funding for a program on austempered ductile iron (ADI... austempered ductile iron (ADI) as a gear mate- rial has developed. ADI gives a uniquely favorable performance, i.e., 3 strength and toughness, due to

  5. Local outcomes of globalization: manufacturing decline and labor response in the Philippine garment and shoe industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beerepoot, N.

    2008-01-01

    In the past few decades, globalisation has led to major international shifts in labour intensive manufacturing generating ‘winners’ and ‘losers’ among countries, industries and workers. This paper uses case studies of the shoe industry in Marikina City and the garments sector in Metro Manila in orde

  6. Estimates of emergency operating capacity in US manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belzer, D.B. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Serot, D.E. (D/E/S Research, Richland, WA (USA)); Kellogg, M.A. (ERCE, Inc., Portland, OR (USA))

    1991-03-01

    Development of integrated mobilization preparedness policies requires planning estimates of available productive capacity during national emergency conditions. Such estimates must be developed in a manner that allows evaluation of current trends in capacity and the consideration of uncertainties in various data inputs and in engineering assumptions. This study, conducted by Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL), developed estimates of emergency operating capacity (EOC) for 446 manufacturing industries at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level of aggregation and for 24 key non-manufacturing sectors. This volume presents tabular and graphical results of the historical analysis and projections for each SIC industry. (JF)

  7. CUSTOMIZATION IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY: SURVEY RESULTS IN SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Reis Graeml

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the advantage of using kanban, postponement, modularization, just-in-time, production sequencing, milk-run and cross-docking by companies that intend to increase their flexibility, agility and reliability in order to support web-based businesses. It presents the results of a survey carried out with more than 600 manufacturing companies in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and evaluates the changes that are taking place in operations, in order to make companies better suited to provide customized products, which are made to meet the individual requirements of each customer.

  8. CUSTOMIZATION IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY: SURVEY RESULTS IN SOUTHEASTERN BRAZIL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexandre Reis Graeml

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the advantage of using kanban, postponement, modularization, just-in-time, production sequencing, milk-run and cross-docking by companies that intend to increase their flexibility, agility and reliability in order to support web-based businesses. It presents the results of a survey carried out with more than 600 manufacturing companies in the state of Sao Paulo, Brazil, and evaluates the changes that are taking place in operations, in order to make companies better suited to provide customized products, which are made to meet the individual requirements of each customer.

  9. Space Industrialization: Manufacturing and Construction Activities. Part 2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Story, Charles H.

    1983-01-01

    Discusses how space industrialization will provide direct benefits for our nation and will transfer technology to the many diverse areas of human activity. Examples are the development of the Space Shuttle, the Space Studies Institute, and the LS Society (advocates for colonizing space). (NRJ)

  10. International Harmonization of Training and Qualification in the Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintino, L.; Fernandes, I.; Miranda, R. M.

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The aim of this paper is to propose a model for international harmonization of the training and qualification of human resources for industrial professions. The outcome is a system based on training guidelines and a quality assurance methodology that is now in use in 42 countries around the world. Design/methodology/approach: The paper…

  11. Building and Application of a Circular Economy Index System Frame for Manufacturing Industrial Chain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zheng Jiliang

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available In this study, we build a unified Circular Economy Index System (CEIS under the condition and trend of green supply chain management based on the analysis and comparison about the features of circular economy development among each link industry of manufacturing industrial chain. The idea and way of transmitting the unified environmental management requirement along industrial chain through setting up the weight variable is put forward at the same time. Through the building and application of the above circular economy index system model on iron and steel industry and automobile industry, it shows the model is reasonable and operational.

  12. 辽宁省农机工业发展研究%Research on the Development of Agricultural Machinery Industry in Liaoning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金英慧

    2012-01-01

    农业机械的生产与发展是实现我国农业机械化和农业现代化的基础保证。辽宁省是工业大省,但其农机工业的发展缓慢。阐述辽宁省农机工业的发展现状,预测今后农机市场的需求形式,分析辽宁省农机工业发展的方向,并提出相应的对策与建议。%The production and development of agricultural machinery is a very basis for realizing agricultural mechanization and agricul- tural modernization. Yet the development in agricultural machinery industry in Liaoning is slow despite the fact that it is large industrial province. This article examines the present development state of this sector in Liaoning, predicts its future requirement patterns, analyzes the development direction of this industry in Liaoning, and pus forward correspondent proposals and measures.

  13. The use of a global index of acoustic assessment for predicting noise in industrial rooms and optimizing the location of machinery and workstations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pleban, Dariusz

    2014-01-01

    This paper describes the results of a study aimed at developing a tool for optimizing the location of machinery and workstations. A global index of acoustic assessment of machines was developed for this purpose. This index and a genetic algorithm were used in a computer tool for predicting noise emission of machines as well as optimizing the location of machines and workstations in industrial rooms. The results of laboratory and simulation tests demonstrate that the developed global index and the genetic algorithm support measures aimed at noise reduction at workstations.

  14. The Influence Of Globalisation And Modern Technological Changes On Manufacturing Industries In Libya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuri M. Triki

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Globalisation and new technologies are having an intense impact on the manufacturing industries. This is affecting business global and might demand new strategies and policies for manufacturing companies. Libya like several other countries in the Middle East and also is among the few developing African economies has been facing problems related to its productivity in industrial sector. Manufacturing industries in Libya was reared to offer better products and services as part of the government plans to reconstruct their economy and improve its industrial companies. So as to face these problems manufacturing sectors need to increase their production and they also require a clear strategy and policies towards an efficient supply chain about modern technology. A new technology is one of the improvement initiatives that can be used to enhance industrial performance competitiveness and decrease its costs by eliminating of waste and increasing added value activities. The significance of new technology and modern systems in the industrial world has enhanced in this decade because of the benefits that they bring to the factories and companies. The aims of this research is to investigate new technology strategies that will enable the Libyan manufacturing industries to shift towards an increase production and reduce its costs as well as to quantify the modern technological changes and the role of globalisation in addition to declaration of its effect on the growth additionally development of the Libyan industrial sector and competitiveness lastly moreover this survey make a recommendations to establish systems that improve the emergent needs of the national industrial sector.

  15. a Case Study: Exploring Industrial Agglomeration of Manufacturing Industries in Shanghai Using Duranton and Overman's K-Density Function

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tian, S.; Wang, J.; Gui, Z.; Wu, H.; Wang, Y.

    2017-09-01

    There has wide academic and policy attention on the issue of scale economy and industrial agglomeration, with most of the attention paid to industrial geography concentration. This paper adopted a scale-independent and distance-based measurement method, K-density function or known as Duranton and Overman (DO) index, to study the manufacturing industries localization in Shanghai, which is the most representative economic development zone in China and East Asia. The result indicates the industry has a growing tendency of localization, and various spatial distribution patterns in different distances. Furthermore, the class of industry also show significant influence on the concentration pattern. Besides, the method has been coded and published on GeoCommerce, a visualization and analysis portal for industrial big data, to provide geoprocessing and spatial decision support.

  16. Industrial Production and Professional Application of Manufactured Nanomaterials-Enabled End Products in Dutch Industries: Potential for Exposure

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bekker, C.; Brouwer, D.H.; Tielemans, E.; Pronk, A.

    2013-01-01

    Background: In order to make full use of the opportunities while responsibly managing the risks of working with manufactured nanomaterials (MNM), we need to gain insight into the potential level of exposure to MNM in the industry. Therefore, the goal of this study was to obtain an overview of the po

  17. The trade specialization of SANE: Evidence from manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alessandrini, Michele

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper studies the evolution of the foreign trade specialization in manufacturing sectors of South Africa, Algeria, Nigeria and Egypt. These four countries, the so-called SANE, have recently been viewed as Africa's best chance of producing an economic bloc whose role for Africa might be comparable to that of the BRIC economies of Brazil, Russia, India and China for the world economy. Using data on trade flows since mid-1970s, the results show that the SANE group has experienced few changes in its trade structure, which is still based on low-technology and slow-growth world demand sectors. The degree of persistence in the specialization model is higher in the case of Algeria and Nigeria, where the dependence on products based on natural resources is stronger.

  18. Pulverized coal and substitute fuels for the cement manufacturing industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dobrowsky, F.

    1981-01-01

    This paper comprises an article of general technical interest on coal and its use in the cement industry, plus the scope for using substitute fuels. Discusses coal properties and preparation (crushing). Describes the heating systems of the cement ovens: burners, combustion and parameters governing flame-length. Looks at operation problems connected with heating of the coal: caking, fusing, clinker quality and behaviour of the refractory bricks. Also discusses substitute fuels: type of fuel, scope for utilisation and requisite precautions. 32 refs.

  19. Small Manufacturing Industries: The Impact of Environmental Regulation

    OpenAIRE

    Clare M D'Souza; Roman Peretiatko

    2000-01-01

    This paper examines the impact of environmental issues on small Indian enterprises. Due to India's rapid industrialization the environment is now becoming more of a major business concern. This paper compares small with large enterprises to see of there are any differences in the way they approach environmental issues. Small firms in particular, have been encouraged and given due assistance by the Indian government but this policy now conflicts with India's environmental responsibilities as f...

  20. Thoughts on the Promotion of Development of Agriculture Machinery Industry in Jiangsu Province%江苏省农机装备工业发展战略研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王惠清

    2012-01-01

    The agricultural machinery industry in Jiangsu Province is a traditional advantageous industry and leading industry in machinery equipment industry in Jiangsu. During the eleventh-five-year plan, agricultural machinery equipment industry developed rapidly and its ratio in national industry increased. Many competitive companies formed several machinery production centers. In the meantime, there were several problems such as low RCA index, unreasonable ration of agricultural power and machinery in industrial structure and low economic outcome, etc. Therefore, it was proposed to strengthen financial subsidy and credit support for machinery industry, to promote the development of socialization service of machinery industry and low-carbon machinery, to establish scientific and technological insurance system based on technology development and promotion and to strengthen machinery merge and quicken machinery development in weak link.%江苏省农机装备工业是江苏机械装备工业的传统优势产业及主导产业.“十一五”期间,江苏省农机装备工业发展迅速,在全国行业中的比重全面回升,涌现出了一批具有较强竞争实力的企业群体并形成了若干个农机产品生产集聚区.同时,也出现了如农机工业RCA指数仍然偏低、产品结构中农用动力与农机具的比例不合理以及经济效益偏低等问题.因此,提出了加大对农机工业的财政补贴和信贷扶持、推进农机工业社会化服务体系建设及低碳农机的发展、建立技术开发和技术推广为主要内容的科技保障体系、加强农机农艺融合并加快推进薄弱环节机械化发展的战略规划.

  1. Management Practice of Supply Chain Quality Management in Service-oriented Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gu Ping; Song Ruyi; Chen Xuyun

    2017-01-01

    Supply chain quality management (SCQM) in service-oriented manufacturing industries is needed in delivering value to customers in all process of supply chain management based on total quality management (TQM). In the paper, we identify the latest themes through reviewing prior quality management and supply chain management(SCM) literature. In particular, we find manufacturing firms transform from providing products towards providing services, which means they need to go through fundamental ch...

  2. Labor Agency in the Football Manufacturing Industry of Sialkot, Pakistan

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lund-Thomsen, Peter

    2013-01-01

    , the literature on GPNs has only recently begun to pay more detailed attention to conceptualizing the role that labor plays in such networks. This article makes a contribution to the emerging literature on labor agency in GPNs by arguing that labor agency in export-oriented industries in developing countries may......The globalization of markets and the increased outsourcing of production have given rise to global production networks (GPNs) linking internationally branded companies in the West to vast networks of suppliers, contractors and workers in developing countries and countries in transition. However...

  3. Managing organizational change: Decision’s maker perceptions in the UAE manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okour, Adnan

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to examine the common practices of change projects in the manufacturing industry in UAE and the key factors for effective implementation and highlighting the roadblocks of organizational change. The primary data were collected through pre-interview questionnaires and analyzed using Multivariate Analysis of Variance (MANOVA. The findings revealed that technology change is the change most practiced by the UAE manufacturing industry, then strategy development, TQM driven change, and software development with less emphases on cultural change. The usable data were restively small (n=150. Further research could be done with a larger sample to test the findings. The paper offers rare insight into change management practices in the manufacturing industry in UAE in addition to the initiators’ perception of key factors of effectiveness or the roadblocks of organizational.

  4. The internationalization of Chinese industries : Overseas acquisition activity in Chinese mining and manufacturing industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zhou, C.; van Witteloostuijn, A.; Zhang, J.

    2014-01-01

    This study examines how industrial characteristics at home affect Chinese overseas acquisition activities from an industry-level resource-based view. Analyzing data on 512 Chinese overseas acquisition deals across 36 industries in 60 countries over 2003–2008, we find that: (1) firms in industries wi

  5. 先进制造技术在煤机行业的信息化应用%Research on informatization application of advanced manufacturing technology in coal machine manufacturing industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩斌慧

    2015-01-01

    From manual process, machinery production, CNC machining, to current advanced manufacturing technology,manufacturing industry has changed from simple processing to diverse manufacturing methods considering low -carbon environmental protection,green manufacturing,and sustainable development. In this process,the penetration of information technology on the development of manufacturing technology has played a decisive role.This paper,taking product design,heat treatment control,micro -arc plasma welding remanufacturing,CAE simulation and other successful application of advanced manufacturing technology as examples,combined with coal machine manufacturing industry informatization status quo, elaborates the significance for enhancing coal industry technology level,reducing production costs,improving enterprise management that integrates effectively advanced manufacturing technology with information.%制造业由手工制造、机械化生产、数控加工,发展到现在的先进制造技术,实现了从单纯的产品加工到兼顾低碳环保、绿色制造、可持续发展等多元制造方式的转变。在此过程中,信息化的渗透对制造技术的发展起到了决定性作用。本文以先进制造技术在产品设计、热处理过程控制、微弧等离子焊接再制造、CAE 仿真分析等方面的成功应用为例,结合煤机制造行业的信息化现状,阐述了在煤机制造过程中将先进制造技术与信息化有效融合,对于提升煤机行业工艺技术水平,降低生产制造成本、全面提高企业管理方面的重要意义。

  6. Supply Chain and Blade Manufacturing Considerations in the Global Wind Industry (Presentation)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, T.; Goodrich, A.

    2013-12-01

    This briefing provides an overview of supply chain developments in the global wind industry and a detailed assessment of blade manufacturing considerations for U.S. end-markets. The report discusses the international trade flows of wind power equipment, blade manufacturing and logistical costs, and qualitative issues that often influence factory location decisions. To help guide policy and research and development strategy decisions, this report offers a comprehensive perspective of both quantitative and qualitative factors that affect selected supply chain developments in the growing wind power industry.

  7. Analyzing the constraints to private investment in manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hojat Ranjbar

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available This paper identifiesthe main impediments to investment and industrial productivity, which have ledto a decline in growth. This is done by analyzing the impediments andconstraints to productivity and investment using the World Bank’s 2007Investment Climate Assessment (ICA data at the seven of level main industrialzones. An inadequate workforce, access to raw materials, and corruption wereranked third, fourth, and fifth, respectively. Will a market economy alwayssupply funds for profitable investment projects?The answer to this question isimportant for policy makers seeking economic efficiency at the micro level, andfor our understanding of the business cycle at the macro level. The purpose ofthis paper is to investigate the presence and the economic importance of creditmarket imperfections within a structural model of firm investment.

  8. Evaluation of Practicing sustainable Industrial Solid Waste Minimization by Manufacturing Firms in Malaysia: Strengths and Weaknesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mallak, Shadi Kafi; Bakri Ishak, Mohd; Mohamed, Ahmad Fariz

    2016-09-13

    Malaysia is facing an increasing trend in industrial solid waste generation due to industrial development.Thus there is a paramount need in taking a serious action to move toward sustainable industrial waste management. The main aim of this study is to assess practicing solid waste minimization by manufacturing firms in Shah Alam industrial state, Malaysia. This paper presents a series of descriptive and inferential statistical analysis regarding the level and effects of practicing waste minimization methods, and seriousness of barriers preventing industries from practicing waste minimization methods. For this purpose the survey questions were designed such that both quantitative (questionnaire) and qualitative (semi-structures interview) data were collected concurrently. Analysis showed that, the majority of firms (92%) dispose their wastes rather than practice other sustainable waste management options. Also waste minimization methods such as segregation of wastes, on-site recycle and reuse, improve housekeeping and equipment modification were found to have significant contribution in waste reduction (pmanufacturing firms as the main aim of this research. Implications This manuscript critically analysis waste minimization practices by manufacturing firms in Malaysia. Both qualitative and quantitative data collection and analysis were conducted to formulate SWOT and TOWS matrix in order to recommend policies and strategies for improvement of solid waste minimization by manufacturing industries. The results contribute to the knowledge and the findings of this study provide a useful baseline information and data on industrial solid waste generation and waste minimization practice.

  9. COMPARISION OF TQM SUCCESS FACTORS IN NORTHERN INDIA IN MANUFACTURING AND SERVICE INDUSTRIES: A SUREVEY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    DEEPAK MITTAL

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Total Quality Management is an integrative management Philosophy aimed at continuously improving the performance of products, processes and services to achieve and surpass customer expectations. There are many differences in manufacturing and service industries. The purpose of this study is to understand concept of TQM in both industry sectors and to identify the significant differences (if any in TQM practices in northern India service and manufacturing organisations. For this purpose related literature is collected and classified in to various categories. The literature is deeply studied and the critical factors that influence the TQM success in industry are determined. Based on these factors a questionnaire was prepared which includes two types of questions, variable questions and rankingquestions. The first eight questions are related to the company background and demographic data such as no. of employees, sector of business, type of industry, position of the respondent, etc.The variable questions are grouped in to seven factors such as customer focus, continuous improvement, Team work and involvement, Top management commitment and recognition, training and development,communication in company, measurement and feedback. A total of 60 questionnaires were sent to both types of industry. Then questionnaires were collected back from various industries and the data was managed in a usable format and the t-test is applied on the data with the help of SPSS & MINITAB Software. The result recorded isthat there is no significant difference in the application of TQM in manufacturing & Service industries.

  10. A Preliminary Review on Economies of Scale (EOS Towards Industrialized Building System (IBS Manufacturer

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tajul Ariffin Syazwana

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Industrialized Building System (IBS is a potential technology to improve productivity of construction industry. Controlled production and minimum generation of construction waste are some of the benefits that can be achieved by replacing conventional construction with IBS. In business, IBS is giving a huge opportunity for manufacturer and supplier to expand their business while contributing to construction development. However, bad strategies will put the company in high risk due to higher initial capital for machines and equipment. Therefore, strategic planning for company’s growth, profit maximization, and enhancement of productivity is undeniable to ensure the success of business in construction industry. This preliminary paper is exploring associated factors that affect Economy of Scale (EOS and their relationships in catalyzing the IBS manufacturer especially precast concrete as the scope of study to continue their business in the construction industry. Thus, a framework of EOS is proposed to assist IBS manufacturers to ensure their company’s growth and stability, competitiveness in term of monopoly or an oligopoly, increasing productivity, leading constant returns to scale, and finally increasing the firm’s efficiency. The refined EOS’s conceptual framework is an important turning point to support the development of decision making tools for IBS manufacturer towards their stability and survival in this highly competitive industry.

  11. Normative price for a manufactured product: the SAMICS methodology. Volume II. Analysis. JPL publication 78-98. [Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Costing Standards

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chamberlain, R.G.

    1979-01-15

    The Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Costing Standards (SAMICS) provide standard formats, data, assumptions, and procedures for determining the price a hypothetical solar array manufacturer would have to be able to obtain in the market to realize a specified after-tax rate of return on equity for a specified level of production. This document presents the methodology and its theoretical background. It is contended that the model is sufficiently general to be used in any production-line manufacturing environment. Implementation of this methodology by the Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Simulation computer program (SAMIS III, Release 1) is discussed.

  12. Burden of Noise Induced Hearing Loss among Manufacturing Industrial Workers in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Noraita TAHIR

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Noise induced hearing loss (NIHL is the highest reported occupational disease among industrial workers but there is scarcity of data on disease burden in Malaysia. This study estimated the risks and burden of NIHL in manufacturing industries in Malaysia.Methods: This cross-sectional industrial survey was conducted by interviewing OSH practitioners at 26 industries categorized as food, tobacco, textile, wearing apparel, wood products except furniture, paper, refined petroleum, chemicals, non-metallic mineral, basic metal, fabricated metal, motor vehicle parts. The catchment population is imputed based on stratified sampling design involving 60% of workers diagnosed with NIHL.Results: A total of 18 industries exposed to noise level of 86-90dBA and 8 industries at more than 91dBA were identified. All industries provide regular awareness training and hearing protection device to their workers but none of them implement attenuation, majority of them (81% conduct onsite audiometric test annually. In overall, the risk of NIHL and incidence per 100,000 manufacturing workers projected is 8% (139 new cases, the highest risk and incidence is 32% (26 in motor vehicle parts industry; followed by 23% (1140 new cases in tobacco industry and 23% (269 new cases in fabricated metal industry. Male workers (89% were exposed to a greater risk compared to female (11%. It was estimated that 103,000 workers were potentially affected by NIHL in Malaysia.Conclusion: NIHL is a major burden among industrial workers in Malaysia. Implementation of effective hearing conservation program and self-enforcement of noise regulations by the employer could potentially reduce the burden. Keywords: Noise, Hearing loss, Manufacturing, Malaysia

  13. Digitization and Intellectualization for Manufacturing Industries%制造业数字化智能化

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周济

    2012-01-01

    世界经济竞争格局正在发生深刻变化,主要发达国家都提出“再工业化”战略,并推出依靠科技创新重振制造业的重大举措,新一轮工业革命正在深化.制造业数字化智能化是新的工业革命的核心技术:一方面,它是实现机械产品创新的共性使能技术,使机械产品向“数控一代”和“智能一代”发展,从根本上提高产品功能、性能和市场竞争力;另一方面,它也是制造技术创新的共性使能技术,使制造业向数字化智能化集成制造发展,全面提升产品设计、制造和管理水平,延伸发展制造服务业,深刻地改革制造业的生产模式和产业形态.今后20年是我国由“制造大国”到“制造强国”转变的战略机遇期;中国制造业的跨越式发展已经具备良好的条件,在“制造业数字化智能化”方面应该而且可能实现战略性的重点突破、重点跨越,为中国的现代化建设作出历史性的贡献.%This paper holds that,first of all,as the world economic competition framework is undergoing profound changes,major developed countries have proposed the strategy of "reindustrializa-tion",putting forward significant measures to revitalize manufacturing industries dependent on scientific and technological innovations. A new round of industrial revolution is deepening. The author continues to argue that,the digitalization and intellectualization of manufacturing industries can be viewed as key technologies for the new round of industrial revolution. On the one hand, they are the generic enabling technologies for the realization of mechanical products innovation, developing mechanical products towards "NC generation" and "intelligent generation", boosting the functions, overall performance as well as market competitiveness of them fundamentally. On the other hand, they are the generic enabling technologies for the manufacturing technology innovation,developing manufacturing industries towards

  14. Energy-autonomous wireless vibration sensor for condition-based maintenance of machinery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Z.; Bouwens, F.; Vullers, R.; Petré, F.; Devos, S.

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the development of an energy-autonomous wireless vibration sensor for condition-based monitoring of machinery. Such technology plays an increasingly important role in modern manufacturing industry. In this work, energy harvesting is realized by resorting to a custom designed the

  15. Energy-autonomous wireless vibration sensor for condition-based maintenance of machinery

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wang, Z.; Bouwens, F.; Vullers, R.; Petré, F.; Devos, S.

    2011-01-01

    This paper addresses the development of an energy-autonomous wireless vibration sensor for condition-based monitoring of machinery. Such technology plays an increasingly important role in modern manufacturing industry. In this work, energy harvesting is realized by resorting to a custom designed

  16. Studies on treatment and manufacturing of industrial materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hong, Seung Woong; Kim, Chi Kwon; Hwang, Seon Kook [Korea Institute of Geology Mining and Materials, Taejon (Korea, Republic of)

    1995-12-01

    For the technical development on utilization of domestic unused resources, the study on the production and the process of industrial raw materials was carried out. This study is divided into five articles and their main results are summarized as follows. 1. The utilization of chromic oxide wastes: This study was carried out to develop the optimum process for recovering precious and valuable metals from chrome oxide wastes. The following subjects such as, feasibility on the recovery of precious and valuable metals, recovery rate of precious and valuable metals, purification of extracted precious and valuable metals, and environmental aspects of recovery process, were investigated. 2. The production of ultramarine from nonmetal minerals: The aims were the determination of the optimum conditions of calcination of raw materials and the investigation of the synthesis mechanism of ultramarine green and blue. 3. The synthesis in fine calcium carbonate powder and it`s characteristics: The transformation process of amorphous CaCO{sub 3} obtained from the reaction between aqueous solution of Ca(OH){sub 2} and CO{sub 2} at 10, 15, 20 and 25 degree was traced continuously by measuring the electrical conductivity of the reaction solution and the influences of reaction temperature, electrical conductivity value of the reaction solution on the products after transformation were examined by x-ray powder diffraction and electron microscopy. 4. Mineral processing technology for abrasive minerals: Buyeo Materials in Buyeogun, Choongnam province is a company producing feldspar concentrate, but does not yet utilize the garnet as abrasive material and other useful heavy minerals wasted out from the process of feldspar ore. This aimed to develop technology and process for the recovery of garnet concentrate. 5. Synthesis of nitride material by plasma method: DC plasma torch which is a non-transferred type was constructed and silicon nitride powders were produced. (Abstract Truncated)

  17. Fundamental Theories and Key Technologies for Smart and Optimal Manufacturing in the Process Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Feng Qian

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Given the significant requirements for transforming and promoting the process industry, we present the major limitations of current petrochemical enterprises, including limitations in decision-making, production operation, efficiency and security, information integration, and so forth. To promote a vision of the process industry with efficient, green, and smart production, modern information technology should be utilized throughout the entire optimization process for production, management, and marketing. To focus on smart equipment in manufacturing processes, as well as on the adaptive intelligent optimization of the manufacturing process, operating mode, and supply chain management, we put forward several key scientific problems in engineering in a demand-driven and application-oriented manner, namely: ① intelligent sensing and integration of all process information, including production and management information; ② collaborative decision-making in the supply chain, industry chain, and value chain, driven by knowledge; ③ cooperative control and optimization of plant-wide production processes via human-cyber-physical interaction; and ④ life-cycle assessments for safety and environmental footprint monitoring, in addition to tracing analysis and risk control. In order to solve these limitations and core scientific problems, we further present fundamental theories and key technologies for smart and optimal manufacturing in the process industry. Although this paper discusses the process industry in China, the conclusions in this paper can be extended to the process industry around the world.

  18. Strategic research on the sustainable development cost of manufacturing industry under the background of carbon allowance and trade policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Zhongmin; Cheng, Mengting; Wang, Mei

    2017-08-01

    The important subjects of energy consumption and carbon emission are manufacturing enterprises, with the deepening of international cooperation, and the implementation of carbon limit and trade policy, costs of manufacturing industry will rise sharply. How can the manufacturing industry survive in this reform, and it has to be a problem that the managers of the manufacturing industry need to solve. This paper analyses sustainable development cost connotation and value basis on the basis of sustainable development concept, discusses the influence of carbon allowance and trade policy for cost strategy of manufacturing industry, thinks that manufacturing industry should highlight social responsibility and realize maximization of social value, implement cost strategy the sustainable development, and pointed out the implementation way.

  19. An analysis of vendor innovation capability in the contract electronics manufacturing industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perunovic, Zoran; Mefford, Robert; Christoffersen, Mads;

    2016-01-01

    contracts with their customers. Employing the resource-based view as a theoretical basis and undertaking in-depth case study analysis of three vendors in the electronic manufacturing services industry, the research shows that to achieve the outsourcing objectives of winning, running and renewing...

  20. Mixed reality system and objective ergonomics evaluation for designing work stations in manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhijn, J.W. van; Bosch, T.; Looze, M. de

    2011-01-01

    Due to shorter productlife cycles in manufacturing industry there is a lot of pressure on the process of designing new work systems. Early attention for human factors would lower the costs compared to changes at a later stage. Low cost tools for workstations design could help especially small to

  1. Innovation, Technology Transfer and Labor Productivity Linkages: Evidence from a Panel of Manufacturing Industries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Apergis, N.; Economidou, C.; Filippidis, I.

    2008-01-01

    The paper explores the linkages between labor productivity, innovation and technology spillovers in a panel of manufacturing industries. The roles of R&D, human capital and international trade are considered in stimulating innovation and/or facilitating technology transfer. Using panel-based unit ro

  2. 41 CFR 101-26.702 - Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-07-01

    ... Defense § 101-26.702 Purchase of products manufactured by the Federal Prison Industries, Inc. (a) Purchases by executive agencies of prison-made products carried in GSA supply distribution facilities must... 41 Public Contracts and Property Management 2 2010-07-01 2010-07-01 true Purchase of...

  3. Jernberg Industries, Inc: Forging Facility Uses Plant-Wide Assessment to Aid Conversion to Lean Manufacturing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    None

    2004-10-01

    Jernberg Industries conducted a plant-wide assessment while converting to lean manufacturing at a forging plant. Seven projects were identified that could yield annual savings of $791,000, 64,000 MMBtu in fuel and 6 million kWh.

  4. Simulation and gaming as a support tool for lean manufacturing systems - a case example from industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, DJ; Slomp, J; Kuhl, M.E.; Steiger, N.M.; Armstrong, F.B.; Joines, J.

    2005-01-01

    In this article we illustrate how simulation and gaming can be used to support lean manufacturing systems. More in particular we study a case example from industry - a manual assembly line for mail-inserting systems - for which we have developed a simulation game. This paper focuses on the developme

  5. Simulation and gaming as a support tool for lean manufacturing systems - a case example from industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Zee, DJ; Slomp, J; Kuhl, M.E.; Steiger, N.M.; Armstrong, F.B.; Joines, J.

    2005-01-01

    In this article we illustrate how simulation and gaming can be used to support lean manufacturing systems. More in particular we study a case example from industry - a manual assembly line for mail-inserting systems - for which we have developed a simulation game. This paper focuses on the

  6. 78 FR 41069 - Medical Device Reporting for Manufacturers; Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-07-09

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Medical Device Reporting for Manufacturers; Draft Guidance for Industry and Food and Drug Administration Staff; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability...

  7. Mixed reality system and objective ergonomics evaluation for designing work stations in manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rhijn, J.W. van; Bosch, T.; Looze, M. de

    2011-01-01

    Due to shorter productlife cycles in manufacturing industry there is a lot of pressure on the process of designing new work systems. Early attention for human factors would lower the costs compared to changes at a later stage. Low cost tools for workstations design could help especially small to med

  8. Relationship Between Lean Production and Operational Performance in the Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasi, Raja Zuraidah R. M.; Syamsyul Rakiman, Umol; Ahmad, Md Fauzi Bin

    2015-05-01

    Nowadays, more and more manufacturing firms have started to implement lean production system in their operations. Lean production viewed as one of the mechanism to maintain the organisation's position and to compete globally. However, many fail to apply the lean concepts successfully in their operations. Based on previous studies, implementation of lean production in the manufacturing industry is more focused on the relationship between Lean and Operational Performance of one dimension only. Therefore, this study attempted to examine the relationship between Lean Production (LP) and Operational Performance in 4 dimensions which are quality, delivery, cost and flexibility. This study employed quantitative study using questionnaires. Data was collected from 50 manufacturing industries. The data was analysed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) 22.0. This study is hoped to shed new understanding on the concept of Lean Production (LP) in regards of Operational Performance covering the 4 dimensions.

  9. Platforms for Manufacturing Allogeneic, Autologous and iPSC Cell Therapy Products: An Industry Perspective.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abraham, Eytan; Ahmadian, Behnam Baghbaderani; Holderness, Kathryn; Levinson, Yonatan; McAfee, Erika

    2017-05-23

    As cell therapy processes mature from benchtop research protocols to industrial processes capable of manufacturing market-relevant numbers of doses, new cell manufacturing platforms are required. Here we give an overview of the platforms and technologies currently available to manufacture allogeneic cell products, such as mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) and induced pluripotent stem cells (iPSCs), and technologies for mass production of autologous cell therapies via scale-out. These technologies include bioreactors, microcarriers, cell separation and cryopreservation equipment, molecular biology tools for iPSC generation, and single-use controlled-environment systems for autologous cell production. These platforms address the challenges of manufacturing cell products in greater numbers while maintaining process robustness and product quality.

  10. Supply Chain and Blade Manufacturing Considerations in the Global Wind Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    James, Ted [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Goodrich, Alan [National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)

    2013-12-12

    Over the past decade, significant wind manufacturing capacity has been built in the United States in response to an increasingly large domestic market. Recent U.S. manufacturing production levels exceed anticipated near-term domestic demand for select parts of the supply chain, in part due to policy uncertainty, and this is resulting in some restructuring in the industry. Factor location decisions are influenced by a combination of quantitative and qualitative factors; proximity to end-markets is often a key consideration, especially for manufacturers of large wind turbine components. Technology advancements in the wind sector are continuing, and larger blade designs are being pursued in the market, which may increase U.S.-based manufacturing opportunities.

  11. Long-Term Support for High-Volume Manufacturing Industry: The Centre for Achievement in Manufacturing and Management, University of Sunderland, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcock, Dennis; Terry, Brian

    1996-01-01

    A unique partnership of industry, government, and the University of Sunderland involves a holistic approach to manufacturing, integrating efficiency with quality of life for a profitable and sustainable competitive advantage. (SK)

  12. Long-Term Support for High-Volume Manufacturing Industry: The Centre for Achievement in Manufacturing and Management, University of Sunderland, UK.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcock, Dennis; Terry, Brian

    1996-01-01

    A unique partnership of industry, government, and the University of Sunderland involves a holistic approach to manufacturing, integrating efficiency with quality of life for a profitable and sustainable competitive advantage. (SK)

  13. INFRASTRUCTURAL BACKBONE OF ENABLING AND CONVERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR MASS CUSTOMIZATION MANUFACTURING SYSTEM IN AUTOMOTIVE INDUSTRIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nandkumar Gilke

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Successful implementation of Mass Customization can result in a challenging manufacturing environment with both high volume production and high product mix, where the customers expect individualized products at the same price they are paying for mass-produced items. Meeting this challenge requires changes in the manufacturing strategies, increase in the flexibility of the production equipments and the most importantly are the adaptable computer systems which make this possible in the manufacturing enterprise. The major requirement is to develop a system which can adapt quickly in order to start new production or to react quickly in failure scenario. Thus the system should have the ability of self improving, self-adaptable and self healing. Thus there is a need for technical migration from a well established flexible manufacturing system (FMS to intelligent and reconfigurable manufacturing system. This paper describes the major enabling and converging technologies facilitating mass customization manufacturing systems in automobile industries in Indian setting and also discusses the proposed architecture for Mass Customization Manufacturing System.

  14. Improvement of the Mechanism for the Management of Innovation Activity in the Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitalii Nikolaevich Makoveev

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The transition of Russia’s economy from raw materials exporting model of development to the innovation model is a national priority, since it contributes to intensive and sustainable economic growth and reduces economic dependence on external markets. GDP growth rate of 75–90% in the developed countries such as the USA, Japan, Germany, the UK, France, and also in the newly industrialized countries of Southeast Asia and China, is achieved due to the “progress of knowledge” – the intellectualization of the main production factors. Due to this fact, the increase in the standard of living in Russia, as well as overcoming its technological and economic lagging behind the more developed countries is possible only on the basis of the increase in productivity, enhancement of Russia’s competitiveness in international markets of innovative products, modernization and sustainable development of industrial enterprises through the creation of new innovation capabilities and the extensive utilization of that which have already been accumulated. The manufacturing industry is a powerful driving force of innovation economic development, since this sector concentrates the main production of the most technologically sophisticated and knowledgeintensive products with high added value. However, in the process of market transformations the products of domestic manufacturing enterprises have become much less competitive on international markets. There is a steady tendency toward the growth of imports and decrease of exports of enterprises of this sector. In this regard, the article identifies the factors that have the greatest influence on the development of innovation activities in the manufacturing industry. The author builds a multivariate regression model that determines the degree of influence of various socio-economic factors on the level of development of innovation activity in manufacturing. The paper proposes an organizational-economic mechanism

  15. The Impact of Imports on the Dynamics of the Regional Manufacturing Industry Development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igor Olegovich Botkin

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the study is to identify regions with the highest dependence on imports and assess the impact of imports on the dynamics of the manufacturing industry’s growth. The methodological framework of the study involves the use of well-known processing methods of regional static data. The paper presents an empirical study of imports volume and structure in the regional manufacturing industry for the period from 2005 to 2014, and groups them on the basis of the assessment of sustainability indicators. At the regional level, intermediate imports are characterized by a high heterogeneity both in absolute and relative terms. The significant volumes of imports are concentrated in few regions with a high industrial concentration. It allows to allocate regions with the greatest risks for the manufacturing sector in negative external environment. The study demonstrates the relationship of the intermediate imports with the growth dynamics of the manufacturing industry in a certain set of macroeconomic conditions, assuming the economic growth with the stable exchange rate and relatively high growth rate of the producer prices on the domestic market. We also found a positive impact of imports on the growth rate of manufacturing industry in this period due to the effects of market substitution. Thus, the limitation of import substitution in specialized regions at preservation of the basic external factors is emphasized. The obtained results can be used for strategic planning at various levels of management, defining the model and direction for growth of the industrial sector of the region and improving the methodological tools for further empirical research.

  16. China’s wood furniture manufacturing industry: industrial cluster and export competitiveness

    OpenAIRE

    Yang, Hongqiang; Ji, Chunyi; Nie, Ning; Hong, Yinxing

    2012-01-01

    China is the largest furniture exporter in the world. Its wood furniture industry has become an important part of the country’s forestry economic development. Hence, investigating China’s furniture industry cluster and export competitiveness is favorable for the sustainable development of China’s forestry industry. This study indicates that, under the guidance of the export-oriented strategy of China’s reform and opening up for 30 years, the country’s furniture industry has formed three big i...

  17. Aggregated services to the product of an equipment manufacturer of the oil industry: the PSS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Magalhães Calvilho

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available This article aims at analyzing the service operations that a manufacturer of equipment for the oil industry now offers together with their products, in order to maintain its position in a market in which technology is a competitive criterion. The research method is the case study. The integration between product and associated services is well suited described by PSS: Product-Service Systems. The research techniques were: analysis of industry-specific documents, semi-structured interviews, and non-participant observation in plant. Thirteen services which the manufacturer offers, associated with the product, gas turbines, where studied. The services were detailed and contextualized in industry and compared with theoretical elements found in the literature on PSS. Most services are based on the product and are offered as aftermarket activities. The study also describes expected economic and environmental gains.

  18. Additive Manufacturing by selective laser melting the realizer desktop machine and its application for the dental industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, Andreas; Schmidt, Frank-Michael; Hötter, Jan-Steffen; Sokalla, Wolfgang; Sokalla, Patrick

    Additive Manufacturing of metal parts by Selective Laser Melting has become a powerful tool for the direct manufacturing of complex parts mainly for the aerospace and medical industry. With the introduction of its desktop machine, Realizer targeted the dental market. The contribution describes the special features of the machine, discusses details of the process and shows manufacturing results focused on metal dental devices.

  19. Estimates of the economic contributions of the bidi manufacturing industry in India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nandi, Arindam; Ashok, Ashvin; Guindon, G Emmanuel; Chaloupka, Frank J; Jha, Prabhat

    2015-07-01

    Bidis, the most common smoking tobacco product in India, remain largely untaxed and are subject to very few regulations to discourage their use. A major argument against tax increases is the large potential loss of economic activity and employment in the bidi industry from reduced consumption. We used a nationally representative survey of unorganised bidi manufacturing firms (n=2841) in India to estimate the economic contribution of the industry. We find that of the 35 states and union territories of India, the bidi industry operated across 17 states, with over 95% of its production concentrated in 10 states. Bidi manufacturing firms contributed 0.50% of total sales and 0.6% of the gross value added by the manufacturing economy in 2005-2006. The industry employed approximately 3.4 million full-time workers, which comprise about 0.7% of employment in all sectors. A further 0.7 million were part-time workers. Bidi workers were also among the lowest paid employees in India. The industry offered only 0.09% of all compensation provided in the manufacturing sector (organised and unorganised). Considering the relatively small economic footprint of the bidi industry in India, higher excise taxes and regulations on bidis are unlikely to disrupt economic growth at an aggregate level, or lead to mass unemployment and economic hardship among small bidi workers. On average, the economic annual output per bidi worker is about US$143, which is an order of magnitude smaller than the large economic losses from the several hundred thousand deaths due to bidi smoking per year. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://group.bmj.com/group/rights-licensing/permissions.

  20. 75 FR 26967 - Guidance for Industry: Use of Water by Food Manufacturers in Areas Subject to a Boil-Water...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Guidance for Industry: Use of Water by Food Manufacturers in Areas Subject to a Boil-Water Advisory; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug Administration, HHS. ACTION... entitled ``Guidance for Industry: Use of Water by Food Manufacturers in Areas Subject to a Boil-Water...

  1. The use of Tecnomatix software to simulate the manufacturing flows in an industrial enterprise producing hydrostatic components

    Science.gov (United States)

    Petrila, S.; Brabie, G.; Chirita, B.

    2016-08-01

    The analysis performed on manufacturing flows within industrial enterprises producing hydrostatic components twos made on a number of factors that influence smooth running of production such: distance between pieces, waiting time from one surgery to another; time achievement of setups on CNC machines; tool changing in case of a large number of operators and manufacturing complexity of large files [2]. To optimize the manufacturing flow it was used the software Tecnomatix. This software represents a complete portfolio of manufacturing solutions digital manufactured by Siemens. It provides innovation by linking all production methods of a product from process design, process simulation, validation and ending the manufacturing process. Among its many capabilities to create a wide range of simulations, the program offers various demonstrations regarding the behavior manufacturing cycles. This program allows the simulation and optimization of production systems and processes in several areas such as: car suppliers, production of industrial equipment; electronics manufacturing, design and production of aerospace and defense parts.

  2. Temporal and spatial characteristics of lead emissions from the lead-acid battery manufacturing industry in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Wei; Tian, Jinping; Chen, Lujun; Guo, Yang

    2017-01-01

    An inventory of lead emissions was established for the lead-acid battery (LAB) manufacturing industry in China from 2000 to 2014. The lead emissions from the LAB manufacturing industry increased from 133 t in 2000 to a peak at 281 t in 2010 with the rapid development of LAB industry. Since 2011, a mandatory national clean action on LAB industry and a series of retrofitting measures have been implemented in China. As a result, more than 80% of small and low-efficient LAB manufacturers were closed, and technical-environmental performance of the industry has been improved significantly. Thus the lead emissions from the industry declined to 113 t in 2014. Geographically, lead emissions were attributed to several provinces with intensive LAB manufacturers, including Zhejiang, Guangdong, Jiangsu, Shandong, and Hebei Province. Spatial transfer of the LAB manufacturing industry from developed areas to developing areas in China was manifest due to strict environmental regulation, posing potential environmental risks to the areas undertaking the industry transfer. In light of the effectiveness of the national clean action, the LAB manufacturing industry will reduce lead emissions further by implementing the entry criteria strictly, adopting policy of total lead emissions control, and establishing a long-term regulatory mechanism for LAB manufacturers. The local authorities in some developing areas should improve abilities of environmental supervision and environmental risk prevention to deal with the spillover of lead emissions. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. 我国工程机械行业国际竞争力变动及其决定因素的实证研究%An Empirical Analysis on Fluctuation and Its Determinants of International Competiveness in China's Engineering Machinery Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张运泉; 刘金霞

    2012-01-01

    本文依据产业国际竞争力理论,利用我国工程机械行业1983-2008年的数据,对比分析了我国工程机械行业国际竞争力的变动,并对其决定因素进行了实证分析。分析表明:自2001年中国加入世界贸易组织(WTO)以来,我国工程机械行业走上了快速发展之路,国际市场竞争力迅速提升;人均资本、全员劳动生产率、研发费用、全社会固定资产投资、国家年度钢产量、行业平均规模均对行业的竞争力有显著正向作用,而外商直接投资(FDI)对行业国际竞争力的影响并不显著。%This paper analyzes empirically the fluctuation and its determinants of the international competitiveness in China’s engineering machinery manufacturing.After China’ s accession to the World Trade Organization(WTO) in 2001,engineering machinery manufacturing has entered a rapid development track,and its international competitiveness increases considerably.The econometric model has perfectly explained the reason why the competitiveness develops.Capital per person,overall labor productivity,expenditure of RD,total investment in fixed assets,national production of steel,and industry average scale have significant positive effects on industrial competitiveness,while foreign direct investment has no significant effect.

  4. A comparative Study of manufacturing industrial Competitiveness in eastern coastal provinces and cities of China based on shift-share analysis model

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yuan Aizhi

    2009-01-01

    Manufacturing industry is an important symbol which weighs a local economy comprehensive strength and modernized level, and a mighty manufacturing industry is a reliable guarantee which realizes the industry modernization.The manufacturing industry in eastern coastal provinces and cities of China, including Shandong, Jiangsu Zhejiang, Shanghai and Guangdong, holds a quite high proportion, and is competitive.But as to the interior, the manufacturing industry competitiveness of five provinces and cities actually has obviously gradient difference.The concrete profession's competitiveness also has the characteristic respectively.This paper analyzes the competitiveness of manufacturing industry in five provinces and cities by the shift-share analysis, obtains a conclusion that Shandong and Zhejiang have the competitive advantage in the traditional manufacturing industry, that Jiangsu's and Guangdong's competitiveness lies in capital, technology-intensive industry, but that Shanghai manufacturing industry's competitive advantage is not obvious, and then proposes strategy to promote the manufacturing industry in the eastern coastal provinces and cities.

  5. Use of Information System and lean manufacturing to reduce the waste in the process industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abhishek Kumar Singh

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this paper is to introduce the work of information technology in the process industry. In the industry the time is used as the money. So here the main task is to save time. In the industry the maximum time spent due to the waste. Lean Manufacturing is a term that is used to reduce the waste from the industry. It also use the information system in the form of Kanban. Lean principles and techniques have been applied in a wide variety of organizations, from make-to-stock to engineer-to-order industries, and even in typical service sectors, such as healthcare. In order to apply lean principles in various areas, variants were developed of well known techniques, such as Kanban, Kaizen, SMED, and 5S. Here the discrete and continuous manufacturing benefits are distinguished by the value stream mapping. Here the Value stream mapping is used to first map the current state and then used to identify sources of waste and to identify lean tools to try to eliminate this waste. The future state map is then developed for a system with lean tools applied to it. This thesis focuseson the development of a simulation model of the industry.

  6. Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume II. Energy data on the US manufacturing subsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

    1980-10-01

    In order to characterize industrial energy service, current energy demand, its end uses, and cost of typical energy applications and resultant services in the industrial sector were examined and a projection of state industrial energy demands and prices to 1990 was developed. Volume II presents in Section 2 data on the US manufacturing subsector energy demand, intensity, growth rates, and cost for 1971, 1974, and 1976. These energy data are disaggregated not only by fuel type but also by user classifications, including the 2-digit SIC industry groups, 3-digit subgroups, and 4-digit SIC individual industries. These data characterize typical energy applications and the resultant services in this subsector. The quantities of fuel and electric energy purchased by the US manufacturing subsector were converted to British thermal units and reported in billions of Btu. The conversion factors are presented in Table 4-1 of Volume I. To facilitate the descriptive analysis, all energy cost and intensity data were expressed in constant 1976 dollars. The specific US industrial energy service characteristics developed and used in the descriptive analysis are presented in Volume I. Section 3 presents the computer program used to produce the tabulated data.

  7. MODELING AND FORECASTING ENERGY CONSUMPTION IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN SOUTH ASIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muslima Zahan

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to model energy consumption and Manufacturing Value Added (MVA in the industry level of five South Asian countries. Firstly, a cross-sectional model was developed by using R-statistical software to estimate the MVA with energy consumption being the independent variable. Secondly, a twenty years data series was analyzed to forecast volume of energy consumption in the manufacturing industry for five countries in a comparative manner. Thus, a prediction model was developed by using the time series forecasting system of the SAS statistical software and evaluated using Mean Square Error (MSE, Root Mean Square Error (RMSE, Mean Absolute Error (MAE and Mean Absolute Percent Error (MAPE with forecasts made up to year 2021. The forecasted energy consumption data might be used in the cross-sectional model to forecast MVA. Besides, based on the increasing trends in volume of energy, industry should prepare now for using efficient and clean energy in order to achieve an environment friendly and sustainable manufacturing industry.

  8. Modular industrial robots as the tool of process automation in robotized manufacturing cells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gwiazda, A.; Banas, W.; Sekala, A.; Foit, K.; Hryniewicz, P.; Kost, G.

    2015-11-01

    Recently the number of designed modular machine was increased. The term modular machine is used to denote different types of machinery, equipment and production lines, which are created using modular elements. Modular could be both mechanic elements, and drives, as well as control systems. This method of machine design is more and more popular because it allows obtaining flexible and relatively cheap solutions. So it is worth to develop the concept of modularity in next areas of application. The advantages of modular solutions are: simplification of the structure, standardization of components, and faster assembly process of the complete machine Additional advantages, which is particularly important for manufacturers, are shorter manufacturing times, longer production series and reduced manufacturing costs. Modular designing is also the challenge for designers and the need for a new approach to the design process, to the starting process and to the exploitation process. The purpose for many manufacturers is the standardization of the components used for creating the finished products. This purpose could be realized by the application of standard modules which could be combined together in different ways to create the desired particular construction as much as possible in accordance with the order. This solution is for the producer more favorable than the construction of a large machine whose configuration must be matched to each individual order. In the ideal case each module has its own control system and the full functionality of the modular machine is obtained due to the mutual cooperation of all modules. Such a solution also requires the modular components which create the modular machine are equipped with interfaces compatible one with another to facilitate their communication. The individual components of the machine could be designed, manufactured and used independently and production management task could be divided into subtasks. They could be also

  9. Supporting developers in addressing maintenance aspects: an empirical study in the industrial equipment manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, W.

    2016-01-01

    Addressing maintenance aspects has become increasingly important in development projects of industrial equipment. Developers of such equipment need to address the maintenance aspects in order to achieve competitive equipment and service offerings. This research focuses on the identification of the

  10. The Role of Using Social Media in the Performance of Manufacturers in Industrial Marketing (Case Study: Industries in western Iran

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abolfazl Tajzadeh Namin

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Social media are always considered as an important source for industrial marketing research. The aim of this study was to investigate the impact of social media on the manufacturers’ performance in western Iran. For this purpose, the impact of using social media on variables, includingmanufacturers’ personal goals ( Bulletin et al., 2011, The benefits of research media (Homburg et al., 2010; Schultz, 2012, support of producers from each (Schultz et al., 2012, manufacturers’ characteristics (Kotler and Keller, 2012 and manufacturers’ perceptions (McShane and Von, 2005. The questionnaire containing 37 indicators confirmed by experts was used to measure the variables. The present study was a descriptive-correlational research in terms of the method. The sample was randomly selected. The population of this study consisted of all manufacturers in the provinces of Kurdistan, Kermanshah, and Ilam. The statistical sample included 90 manufactures. The results showed that the use of social media in order to align personal goals with industrial purposes with an emphasis on the characteristics and perceptions of manufacturers has a considerable impact on increasing their performance.

  11. Design, Manufacturing and Integration of LHC Cryostat Components an Example of Collaboration between CERN and Industry

    CERN Document Server

    Slits, Ivo; Canetti, Marco; Colombet, Thierry; Gangini, Fabrizio; Parma, Vittorio; Tock, Jean-Philippe

    2006-01-01

    The components for the LHC cryostats and interconnections are supplied by European industry. The manufacturing, assembly and testing of these components in accordance with CERN technical specifications require a close collaboration and dedicated approach from the suppliers. This paper presents the different phases of design, manufacturing, testing and integration of four LHC cryostat components supplied by RIAL Vacuum (Parma, Italy), including 112 Insulation Vacuum Barriers (IVB), 482 Cold-mass Extension Tubes (CET), 121 cryostat vacuum vessel Jumper Elbows (JE) and 10800 Interconnection Sleeves (IS). The Quality Assurance Plan, which the four projects have in common, is outlined. The components are all leak-tight thin stainless steel assemblies (<10-8 mbar l/s), most of them operating at cryogenic temperature (2 K), however each having specific requirements. The particularities of each component are presented with respect to manufacturing, assembly and testing. These components are being integrated ...

  12. Comparative Analysis of Two Industries for Validating Green Manufacturing (GM) Framework: An Indian Scenario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Minhaj Ahemad Abdul; Shrivastava, Rakesh Lakshmikumar; Shrivastava, Rashmi Rakesh

    2017-04-01

    Green Manufacturing (GM) deals with manufacturing practices that reduces or eliminates the adverse environmental impact during any of its phases. It emphasizes the use of processes that do not contaminate the environment or hurt consumers, employees, or other stakeholders. This paper presents the comparative analysis of two Indian industries representing different sectors for validating GM framework. It also highlights the road map of the companies for achieving performance improvement through GM implementation and its impact on organisational performance. The case studies helps in evaluating the companies GM implementation and overall business performance. For this, a developed diagnostic instrument in the form of questionnaire was administered amongst employees in the companies respectively and their responses were analysed. In order to have a better understanding of the impact of GM implementation, the information about overall business performance was obtained over the last 3 years. The diagnostic instrument developed here may be used by manufacturing organisations to prioritise their management efforts to assess and implement GM.

  13. Comparative Analysis of Two Industries for Validating Green Manufacturing (GM) Framework: An Indian Scenario

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, Minhaj Ahemad Abdul; Shrivastava, Rakesh Lakshmikumar; Shrivastava, Rashmi Rakesh

    2016-07-01

    Green Manufacturing (GM) deals with manufacturing practices that reduces or eliminates the adverse environmental impact during any of its phases. It emphasizes the use of processes that do not contaminate the environment or hurt consumers, employees, or other stakeholders. This paper presents the comparative analysis of two Indian industries representing different sectors for validating GM framework. It also highlights the road map of the companies for achieving performance improvement through GM implementation and its impact on organisational performance. The case studies helps in evaluating the companies GM implementation and overall business performance. For this, a developed diagnostic instrument in the form of questionnaire was administered amongst employees in the companies respectively and their responses were analysed. In order to have a better understanding of the impact of GM implementation, the information about overall business performance was obtained over the last 3 years. The diagnostic instrument developed here may be used by manufacturing organisations to prioritise their management efforts to assess and implement GM.

  14. Estimates of emergency operating capacity in US manufacturing and nonmanufacturing industries - Volume 1: Concepts and Methodology

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belzer, D.B. (Pacific Northwest Lab., Richland, WA (USA)); Serot, D.E. (D/E/S Research, Richland, WA (USA)); Kellogg, M.A. (ERCE, Inc., Portland, OR (USA))

    1991-03-01

    Development of integrated mobilization preparedness policies requires planning estimates of available productive capacity during national emergency conditions. Such estimates must be developed in a manner to allow evaluation of current trends in capacity and the consideration of uncertainties in various data inputs and in engineering assumptions. This study developed estimates of emergency operating capacity (EOC) for 446 manufacturing industries at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level of aggregation and for 24 key nonmanufacturing sectors. This volume lays out the general concepts and methods used to develop the emergency operating estimates. The historical analysis of capacity extends from 1974 through 1986. Some nonmanufacturing industries are included. In addition to mining and utilities, key industries in transportation, communication, and services were analyzed. Physical capacity and efficiency of production were measured. 3 refs., 2 figs., 12 tabs. (JF)

  15. Hopes in the Crisis——Chinese Automobile Market in the World Auto manufacturing Industry Shuffle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Gao Shurong

    2009-01-01

    @@ Global automobile markets shuffle against the economic crisis The economic crisis spread rapidly around the world,making automobile industry one of the victims who are shocked hardest,leading to an industrial shuffle in global automobile industry.USA,EU and Japan,the traditional top three leading countries in global automobile industry,could not have their lucks to escape from the crisis.The weak global automobile market forces these transnational auto companies to be more cautious about the future than ever.As reflected in the latest performance reports,though governments took measures to maintain the market,the sharp decline in global automobile sales volume continued in the first quarter.Automobile market bottomed out in the second quarter.US auto industrywas affected the most,with two out of the top three manufacturers getting bankrupt and regrouped.

  16. Towards an industrial manufactured morphing trailing edge flap system for wind turbines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aagaard Madsen, Helge; Løgstrup Andersen, Tom; Bergami, Leonardo;

    2014-01-01

    A flap actuation system, the Controllable Rubber Trailing Edge Flap (CRTEF), for distributed load control on a wind turbine blade has been developed in the period from 2006 to 2010 at DTU. The function of the system and its capability to change the lift on a blade section was measured during a wind...... Industri (DK) work on flap manufacturing and Hydratech Industries (DK) is developing the powering system for the flaps and the control system. DTU is the coordinator of the project. Flap prototypes have been manufactured in a continuous thermoplastic extrusion process and a unique rotating test rig has...... been developed and build, based on a 100kW turbine platform. A 2m (span) x 1m (chord) blade section with the flap system is mounted at the end of a 10m long boom rotated up to 50-60 rpm. Measurements comprise surface pressure measurements for detailed monitoring of the flap actions....

  17. Reduction Waste by Combining Lean Manufacturing and Six Sigma in an Electronics Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.C. Prieto-avalos

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Nowadays organizations are involved in a complex environment with continues changing, that should impels the innovations looking for increase production performance, quality improvement, customer satisfaction and create a competitive advantage. Lean manufacturing provides an approach to identify and eliminate waste and all non value added activities through continuous improvement. The use of lean manufacturing as a set of “tools” that assist in waste identification and besides linked to DMAIC stages from six sigma could result in a systematic approach toward increasing value through production flow, statistical capability from the process and customer satisfaction; synergizing company efforts. An application case in an electronic industry from this integration is presented where sigma level from process was raised to 4.625 (99.91% efficiency, postulating VSM (Value Stream Map and DMAIC stages as an essential first step from lean and six sigma respectively. The emerging integration that is already used in many industries is referred as Lean Six Sigma.

  18. Recorded fatal and permanently disabling injuries in South African manufacturing industry - Overview, analysis and reflection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hedlund, Frank Huess

    2013-01-01

    Studies on occupational accident statistics in South Africa are few and far between, the most recent paper on the manufacturing sector was published in 1990. Accidents in South Africa are recorded in two systems: Exhaustive information is available from the insurance system under the Workmen...... less so for permanently disabling accidents/incidents. The paper examines if effects of the popular practice of replacing permanent workers with contract workers is visible in the WCC statistics – firm conclusions cannot be drawn however, due to data shortcomings. Data inaccuracies are reviewed...... and it is argued that WCC registrations may comprise industries outside the Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) scheme for manufacturing. The quality of accident reporting in official publications began to deteriorate by mid-1990s. The largest problem, however, is that reporting has come to a standstill...

  19. The determinants of advertising intensity in the Brazilian manufacturing industry: an econometric study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Resende

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper econometrically investigates the determinants of advertising intensity in the manufacturing industry of São Paulo, Brazil in 1996 taking as reference an extensive survey carried out by Fundação SEADE. The preliminary investigation indicated a substantial degree of endogeneity in structure and performance variables. The instrumental variables estimation also considered instruments referring to information technology and organizational practices and indicated relevant roles for industrial concentration, barriers to entry, profitability and prevalence of durable goods in explaining advertising intensity. The results lend some support to an informative role of advertising in the Brazilian case.

  20. The determinants of advertising intensity in the Brazilian manufacturing industry: an econometric study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marcelo Resende

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper econometrically investigates the determinants of advertising intensity in the manufacturing industry of São Paulo, Brazil in 1996 taking as reference an extensive survey carried out by Fundação SEADE. The preliminary investigation indicated a substantial degree of endogeneity in structure and performance variables. The instrumental variables estimation also considered instruments referring to information technology and organizational practices and indicated relevant roles for industrial concentration, barriers to entry, profitability and prevalence of durable goods in explaining advertising intensity. The results lend some support to an informative role of advertising in the Brazilian case.

  1. Technology and demand for skilled labor in Turkish private manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aksoy Tolga

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the relationship between technology and demand for skilled labor both historically and empirically. First, it is pointed out that the Industrial Revolution substituted skilled labor with unskilled labor since it has a de-skilling characteristic. Second, the skill-bias feature of Information and Communication Technologies Revolution is suggested. Finally, the effect of technological progress on the demand for skilled labor is tested for Turkish Private Manufacturing Industries. According to the static panel data estimation results, there is a positive but weak relationship between technological progress and demand for skilled labor.

  2. Review of data mining applications for quality assessment in manufacturing industry: support vector machines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rostami Hamidey

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In many modern manufacturing industries, data that characterize the manufacturing process are electronically collected and stored in databases. Due to advances in data collection systems and analysis tools, data mining (DM has widely been applied for quality assessment (QA in manufacturing industries. In DM, the choice of technique to be used in analyzing a dataset and assessing the quality depend on the understanding of the analyst. On the other hand, with the advent of improved and efficient prediction techniques, there is a need for an analyst to know which tool performs better for a particular type of dataset. Although a few review papers have recently been published to discuss DM applications in manufacturing for QA, this paper provides an extensive review to investigate the application of a special DM technique, namely support vector machine (SVM to deal with QA problems. This review provides a comprehensive analysis of the literature from various points of view as DM concepts, data preprocessing, DM applications for each quality task, SVM preliminaries, and application results. Summary tables and figures are also provided besides to the analyses. Finally, conclusions and future research directions are provided.

  3. Manufacturing capability as a technological development indicator in the pharmaceutical industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Jairo Gallo Castro

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available The pharmaceutical industrial has five subsectors: medicines, cosmetics, phytotherapeutics, cleaning products and medical devices. The medicine subsector consists of organisations producing, importing and selling these products. Most studies about this industry have been guided by economic interests without assessing technological aspects of production. This article was aimed at proposing a methodology for assessing and describing the medicine sector according to its technological development by using the manufacturing capability concept. The main information was taken from the Colombian Medicaments and Food Surveillance Institute’s (Instituto Nacional de Vigilancia de Medicamentos y Alimentos - INVIMA databases related to pharmaceutical plant production in Bogotá, including material transformation facilities. This study led to three characteristics being identified for defining the pharmaceutical industry’s manufacturing capability: that related to the pharmacological group to which active pharmaceutical ingredients belong, that linked to specifications regarding medicines’ sterility and that related to the technology required for manufacturing each pharmaceutical product. An analysis of these features has thus been presented and some technologies have been identified which have not been transferred or assimilated by the organisations being studied. It was found that manufacturing capability should be considered as being an indicator of the degree of technological development in these subsectors in Colombia.

  4. Product pricing in the Solar Array Manufacturing Industry - An executive summary of SAMICS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain, R. G.

    1978-01-01

    Capabilities, methodology, and a description of input data to the Solar Array Manufacturing Industry Costing Standards (SAMICS) are presented. SAMICS were developed to provide a standardized procedure and data base for comparing manufacturing processes of Low-cost Solar Array (LSA) subcontractors, guide the setting of research priorities, and assess the progress of LSA toward its hundred-fold cost reduction goal. SAMICS can be used to estimate the manufacturing costs and product prices and determine the impact of inflation, taxes, and interest rates, but it is limited by its ignoring the effects of the market supply and demand and an assumption that all factories operate in a production line mode. The SAMICS methodology defines the industry structure, hypothetical supplier companies, and manufacturing processes and maintains a body of standardized data which is used to compute the final product price. The input data includes the product description, the process characteristics, the equipment cost factors, and production data for the preparation of detailed cost estimates. Activities validating that SAMICS produced realistic price estimates and cost breakdowns are described.

  5. Labour productivity and export performance: Firm-level evidence from Indian manufacturing industries since 1991

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    This paper examines the productivity of firms and their ability to enter the export market, i.e., the self-selection hypothesis and the determinants of labour productivity at the firm level for India's major exporting manufacturing industries during 1991-2009. The paper also examines whether export intensity at the firm level differs between domestic-controlled and foreign-controlled firms, and between private and public firms. Applying a 2SLS model, the authors find evidence in favour of the...

  6. Factors Contribute to Safety Culture in the Manufacturing Industry in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Ong Choon Hee

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to explain the role of safety culture in the manufacturing industry in Malaysia and identify factors contribute to safety culture. It is suggested in this study that leadership support, management commitment and safety management system are important factors that contribute to safety culture. This study also provides theoretical implications to guide future research and offers practical implications to the managers in the development of safety culture. Given that ...

  7. Additive Manufacturing: Implications to the Army Organic Industrial Base in 2030

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    Report 2011: Additive Manufacturing and 3D Printing, State of the Industry,” Ft. Collins, CO, Wohlers Associates, 2011 25 8 D. Mero, "Are You Buying...Form 298 (Rev. 8/98) Prescribed by ANSI Std. Z39.18 REPORT DOCUMENTATION PAGE Form Approved OMB No. 0704-0188 The public reporting burden for...Headquarters Services, Directorate for Information Operations and Reports (0704-0188), 1215 Jefferson Davis Highway, Suite 1204, Arlington, VA 22202-4302

  8. Reparatory and Manufacturing Hard-Facing of Working Parts Made of Stainless Steels in Confectionary Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Rakic, S.; Lazic, V.; S. Aleksandrovic; Mitrovic, S.; R. Cukic; Milosavljevic, D; R. Nikolic

    2012-01-01

    In this paper, for the sake of improving the reparatory hard-facing technology is especially analyzed reparatory hard-facing of tools for manufacturing compressed products in confectionary industry. Those products are being made of a mixture consisting of several powdery components, which is compressed under high pressure. In that way the connection between particles is realized, thus achieving certain hardness and strength of the confectionary product. The considered tool is made of high-all...

  9. From technology transfer to local manufacturing: China's emergence in the global wind power industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Joanna Ingram

    This dissertation examines the development of China's large wind turbine industry, including the players, the status of the technology, and the strategies used to develop turbines for the Chinese market. The primary goals of this research project are to identify the models of international technology transfer that have been used among firms in China's wind power industry; examine to what extent these technology transfers have contributed to China's ability to locally manufacture large wind turbine technology; and evaluate China's ability to become a major player in the global wind industry. China is a particularly important place to study the opportunities for and dynamics of clean energy development due to its role in global energy consumption. China is the largest coal consuming and producing nation in the world, and consequently the second largest national emitter of carbon dioxide after only the United States. Energy consumption and carbon emissions are growing rapidly, and China is expected to surpass the US and become the largest energy consuming nation and carbon dioxide emitter in coming decades. The central finding of this dissertation is that even though each firm involved in the large wind turbine manufacturing industry in China has followed a very different pathway of technology procurement for the Chinese market, all of the firms are increasing the utilization of locally-manufactured components, and many are doing so without transferring turbine technology or the associated intellectual property. Only one fully Chinese-owned firm, Goldwind, has succeeded in developing a commercially available large wind turbine for the Chinese market. No Chinese firms or foreign firms are manufacturing turbines in China for export overseas, though many have stated plans to do so. There already exists a possible niche market for the smaller turbines that are currently being made in China, particularly in less developed countries that are looking for less expensive

  10. Supporting developers in addressing maintenance aspects: an empirical study in the industrial equipment manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mulder, Wienik

    2016-01-01

    Addressing maintenance aspects has become increasingly important in development projects of industrial equipment. Developers of such equipment need to address the maintenance aspects in order to achieve competitive equipment and service offerings. This research focuses on the identification of the m

  11. INNOVATIONS AS AN IMPORTANT FACTOR INFLUENCING LABOUR PRODUCTIVITY IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marija Bušelić

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Economic science has long recognized labour productivity as an important factor of economic growth. In the uncertain conditions of increasingly fierce and complex competition, it becomes one of the key prerequisites for an adequate response to global challenges. The development of labour productivity has to be observed as a multi-dimensional process including numerous interconnected quantitative and qualitative factors, in particular human factors and technological advancement realized through investments in research and development (innovations. The analysis of labour productivity in the manufacturing industry of the selected countries, Germany and China, is performed in the context of an important influential factor – innovations, and interdependently with the economic growth of the selected countries. The research results and the conducted regression analyses indicate a superiority of German labour productivity in the manufacturing industry, which is strongly affected by considerable investments in research and development. However, the technological convergence of China as the upcoming power is increasingly important, which shows that the gap in labour productivity is decreasing, making developed countries face new challenges posed by globalization. The analysis of the interdependence of economic growth (GDP and labour productivity in the manufacturing industry points to a positive link and the conclusion that the elasticity of the GDP to changes in labour productivity is greater in China than in Germany.

  12. An ARIMA-Intervention Analysis Model for the Financial Crisis in China's Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    W.H. Ip

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available Triggered by the subprime mortgage crisis in the United States (U.S., a financial tsunami has spread rapidly around the globe, from the U.S. to Europe and the rest of the world, causing the world economy to enter a recession. China is no exception, and has suffered a sharp reduction in the growth of its export and manufacturing sectors. In this paper, we attempt to model and analyze the impact of financial crisis on the manufacturing industry in China using data collected from March 2005 to November 2008 by the China Statistical Databases of the National Bureau of Statistics of China. The results indicate that China's manufacturing industry may have to tolerate a significant negative effect caused by the global financial crisis over a period of time, with its gross industrial output value declining continually throughout 2008 and 2009 before reaching a state of equilibrium. The intervention effect is described in this study as temporary but immediate and abrupt. It is found that the ARIMA-Intervention model is more precise at explaining and analyzing the intervention effects of the financial tsunami.

  13. Critical Success Factors for Implementing Lean Manufacturing in Malaysian Automotive Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.N.M. Rose

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The challenges faced by automotive manufacturers had made them looked into Lean Manufacturing (LM which was implemented by Toyota Motor a long time ago. In Malaysia, the two main car manufacturers are PROTON and PERODUA; these two manufacturers offer good opportunity to large local companies and Small Medium Enterprises (SMEs to participate in the automotive component manufacturing industry. The main objective of this study is to explore and investigate the level of perceptions on the importance and extent of practice with respect to 13 Critical Success Factors (CSFs for LM implementation. To perform this study, a survey instrument that consists of 13 CSFs and 78 items was developed and distributed to local companies. The comparison was carried out on each of these CSFs based on perception, number of years and company size. The statistical analysis using the Kruskal Wallis test had identified four basic critical success factors for both SMEs and large companies with respect to the perception on the importance and extent of practice. Further study probes into the outcomes of the exploration on feasible LM practices.

  14. Estimates of emergency operating capacity in U.S. manufacturing industries: 1994--2005

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Belzer, D.B.

    1997-02-01

    To develop integrated policies for mobilization preparedness, planners require estimates and projections of available productive capacity during national emergency conditions. This report develops projections of national emergency operating capacity (EOC) for 458 US manufacturing industries at the 4-digit Standard Industrial Classification (SIC) level. These measures are intended for use in planning models that are designed to predict the demands for detailed industry sectors that would occur under conditions such as a military mobilization or a major national disaster. This report is part of an ongoing series of studies prepared by the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory to support mobilization planning studies of the Federal Emergency Planning Agency/US Department of Defense (FEMA/DOD). Earlier sets of EOC estimates were developed in 1985 and 1991. This study presents estimates of EOC through 2005. As in the 1991 study, projections of capacity were based upon extrapolations of equipment capital stocks. The methodology uses time series regression models based on industry data to obtain a response function of industry capital stock to levels of industrial output. The distributed lag coefficients of these response function are then used with projected outputs to extrapolate the 1994 level of EOC. Projections of industrial outputs were taken from the intermediate-term forecast of the US economy prepared by INFORUM (Interindustry Forecasting Model, University of Maryland) in the spring of 1996.

  15. Industrial revolution - industry 4.0: Are German manufacturing SMEs the first victims of this revolution?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lutz Sommer

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Industry 4.0 represents a special challenge for businesses in general and for SMEs in particular. The study at hand will examine companies´ awareness, readiness and capability to meet this challenge taking into account the special role of SMEs. Methodology: The results of nine studies dealing with this range of topics are examined in the framework of a systematic review and compared with regard to the objective of the study at hand. Findings: The review showed that, as a rule, there is an awareness concerning the relevance of the topic. The readiness and the capability to meet this challenge exist in parts; however, they strongly depend on the enterprise size. The smaller SMEs are, the higher the risk that they will become victims instead of beneficiaries of this revolution.Originality/value: Considering different studies concerning Industry 4.0 the article gives an insight into the dependence of the Industry 4.0 readiness in reference to the company size. This deepens the knowledge in adaption deficits German SME still have and opens different approaches for further research and action plans.

  16. PROSPECTS OF APPLICATION OF THE CONCEPTOF QUICK RESPONSE MANUFACTURING AT THE RUSSIAN INDUSTRIAL ENTERPRISES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ch. V. Shipilova

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article is devoted to research of such concept of the organization of production, as Quick Response Manufacturing or Quick-response production, at the center which, time of implementation of the order is put. Today domestic producers are compelled to function in new conditions, competing with a great number of players of the global market, as a result the emphasis on timely implementation of orders and a tendency of reduction of time of production will allow to reach competitive advantages. Fundamental aspects of Quick Response Manufacturing within functioning of the enterprise of branch are considered, and also the essential lack of this concept is revealed.The purpose / objectives. The purpose of article is research of the economic contents of the concept of the organization of production Quick Response Manufacturing and area of its use at the modern industrial enterprises. Article tasks: to investigate economic contents of the concept of Quick Response Manufacturing, to reveal its features and scopes in the modern industry.Methods. A methodical basis of this article are comparative methods of the analysis.Results. The economic contents of the concept of Quick Response Manufacturing are investigated. Four main key aspects which are the cornerstone of this concept are investigated: time force, organizational structure of the enterprise, system dynamics and possibilities of its application in scales of all enterprise. Components of positive work of system dynamics of the industrial enterprise are revealed, the trend of critical process of production is built. Considering that modern conditions demand from the enterprises to react, adapt quickly for the changing conditions, the factor of time plays an important role. Therefore the concept of QRM has rather perspective character, focusing attention on time of implementation of the order, in that communication that this parameter is one of key both for the enterprise, and for increase of its

  17. Cloud manufacturing service platform driven by mold manufacturing industry demand%模具行业需求驱动的云制造服务平台

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾新建; 黄沈权; 陈芨熙; 杨青海; 方水良

    2012-01-01

    To research on how to apply cloud computing technology in mold industry to promote its industrialization, the problems, needs and their reasons in Chinese mold industry were analyzed. Cloud manufacturing service plat- form, system and key technologies of mold manufacturing industry were proposed. By using cloud computing technology, mold parts library and knowledge base construction, business collaborative integrity management, collabo rative design and manufacturing as well as coordination service and information technology services were supported; mold industry cloud manufacturing service platform was researched as a social-technical system. Through establishing various forms of alliances, the successful implementation of cloud manufacturing service platform and systems was ensured; oriented to the whole value chain process of mold, helping mold companies expand their business to services industries and to upstream and downstream of mold industry. The prototype of cloud services platform for mold manufacturing industry was established, and the development vision and mode of cloud manufacturing service platform driven by mold manufacturing industry demand were given.%为研究云计算技术如何落地,如何促进工业化的问题,分析了我国模具行业存在的问题、需求及其原因,提出模具行业云制造服务平台、系统和关键技术。利用云计算技术支持模具零件库和知识库建设、企业诚信协同管理、协同设计和制造、协同维修服务和信息技术服务;将模具行业云制造服务平台的建设作为社会技术系统进行研究,建立多种形式的联盟,保证平台和系统的成功实施;面向模具价值链的全过程,帮助模具企业向服务业拓展,向产业上下游拓展。建立了模具行业云制造服务平台原型,提出了模具行业云制造服务平台的发展愿景和模式。

  18. Developing Process of Tropical Crop Machinery Standardization

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    @@ General Situation Tropical crop machinery is a new special mechanical profession, which began to develop from 1950s to 1960s in China. Because the weather, soil and farm crops varieties in tropical region are greatly different from those in the other regions, most of the traditional farm machinery can't be directly used in tropical region or on the tropical crops. Tropical crop machinery needs a special design and manufacture. So some professional research institutes and education units were set up and some enterprises were built at that time, and the profession of tropical crop machinery was formed.

  19. Onsite aerosol measurements for various engineered nanomaterials at industrial manufacturing plants

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ogura, I; Sakurai, H; Gamo, M, E-mail: i-ogura@aist.go.jp [National Institute of Advanced Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), 16-1 Onogawa, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-8569 (Japan)

    2011-07-06

    Evaluation of the health impact of and control over exposure to airborne engineered nanomaterials (ENMs) requires information, inter alia, the magnitude of environmental release during various industrial processes, as well as the size distribution and morphology of the airborne ENM particles. In this study, we performed onsite aerosol measurements for various ENMs at industrial manufacturing plants. The industrial processes investigated were the collection of SiC from synthesis reactors, synthesis and bagging of LiFePO{sub 4}, and bagging of ZnO. Real-time aerosol monitoring using condensation particle counters, optical particle counters, and an electrical low-pressure impactor revealed frequent increases in the number concentrations of submicron- and micron-sized aerosol particles, but few increases in the number concentrations of nanoparticles. In the SEM observations, a large number of submicron- and micron-sized agglomerated ENM particles were observed.

  20. Industrial production and professional application of manufactured nanomaterials-enabled end products in Dutch industries: potential for exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bekker, Cindy; Brouwer, Derk H; Tielemans, Erik; Pronk, Anjoeka

    2013-04-01

    In order to make full use of the opportunities while responsibly managing the risks of working with manufactured nanomaterials (MNM), we need to gain insight into the potential level of exposure to MNM in the industry. Therefore, the goal of this study was to obtain an overview of the potential MNM exposure scenarios within relevant industrial sectors, applied exposure controls, and number of workers potentially exposed to MNM in Dutch industrial sectors producing and applying MNM-enabled end products in the Netherlands. A survey was conducted in three phases: (i) identification of MNM-enabled end products; (ii) identification of relevant industrial sectors; and (iii) a tiered telephone survey to estimate actual use of the products among 40 sector organizations/knowledge centres (Tier 1), 350 randomly selected companies (Tier 2), and 110 actively searched companies (Tier 3). The most dominant industrial sectors producing or applying MNM-enabled end products (market penetration >5%) are shoe repair shops, automotive, construction, paint, metal, and textile cleaning industry. In the majority of the companies (76%), potential risks related to working with MNM are not a specific point of interest. The total number of workers potentially exposed to MNM during the production or application of MNM-enabled end products was estimated at approximately 3000 workers in the Netherlands. The results of this study will serve as a basis for in-depth exposure and health surveys that are currently planned in the Netherlands. In addition, the results can be used to identify the most relevant sectors for policy makers and future studies focussing on evaluating the risks of occupational exposure to MNM.

  1. Profit Allocation in Fuzzy Cooperative Games in Manufacturing and Logistics Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Xiaoyan Wang

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Alliance between manufacturing and logistics industry is a new model of the joint development of the two industries. A reasonable profit allocation mechanism is the key to ensure the stable operation of the alliance, as well as to achieve the desired objectives. Based on uncertainty of alliance expected return as well as the inherent features of the alliance, this research establishes an improved model of profit allocation in manufacturing and logistics industry alliance.Design/methodology/approach: This article studies how to introduce comprehensive correction factors to improve interval Shapley value method, which is based on the fact that had been proved by exiting studies. In this study, interval Shapley value method is first applied to calculate the initial allocation of fuzzy cooperative games. Next AHP-GEM method and fuzzy comprehensive evaluation method are incorporated. Based on those results, an improved model of profit allocation is established. After that, a case study is demonstrated the practicality and feasibility of the improved model.Findings: Profit allocation is a complex issue in fuzzy cooperative games. There’re impacts from partner risk sharing, collaborative effort market competition, innovative contribution as well as resource investment. All these factors should be involved in the profit allocation, and different factors have different weight in importance.Practical implications: The new model established in the paper is more scientific and reasonable, and more in line with the actual situation. This method also provides good incentives to each enterprise to ensure the healthy and stable development of the alliance.Originality/value: Based on alliance characteristics, this paper establishes an indicator system and a new model for profit allocation in manufacturing and logistics industry alliance, using AHP-GEM method.

  2. Extended FMEA for Sustainable Manufacturing: An Empirical Study in the Non-Woven Fabrics Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thanh-Lam Nguyen

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Failure modes and effects analysis ( F M E A substantially facilitates the efforts of industrial manufacturers in prioritizing failures that require corrective actions to continuously improve product quality. However, the conventional approach fails to provide satisfactory explanation of the aggregate effects of a failure from different perspectives such as technical severity, economic severity, and production capacity in some practical applications. To fulfill the existing gap in the F M E A literature, this paper proposes an extension by considering associated quality cost and the capability of failure detection system as additional determinants to signify the priority level for each failure mode. The quality cost and capacity are considered as key factors for sustainable survival and development of an industrial manufacturer in the fierce competition market these days. The performance of the extended scheme was tested in an empirical case at a non-woven fabrics manufacturer. Analytical results indicate that the proposed approach outperforms the traditional one and remarkably reduces the percentage of defective fabrics from about 2.41% before the trial period to 1.13%,thus significantly reducing wastes and increasing operation efficiency, thereby providing valuable advantages to improve organizational competition power for their sustainable growth.

  3. Intrinsic value estimates and its accuracy: Evidence from Indian manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ranjit Tiwari

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this article is to empirically examine the comparative accuracy of income oriented (Free cash flow to equity, Residual income model and market oriented (Price to earnings multiple, Price to book value multiple and Price to sales multiple valuation models for the Indian manufacturing industry, and propose a composite valuation model (CV to explore whether combining value estimates may improve valuation accuracy. Data are drawn from a sample of 3756 Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE listed manufacturing companies from 1997 to 2012. Findings from the empirically analysis indicate that residual income model is better than free cash flow to equity model under income oriented valuation model, whereas both Price to earnings multiple and Price to book value multiple are superior to Price to sales multiple and are equally likely under market oriented valuation model. Finally, the empirical findings suggest that CV provides better value estimates for Indian manufacturing industry. Further, lag of PE and profitability are the two probable determinants of prediction error of the model.

  4. Introducing a Novel Hybrid Artificial Intelligence Algorithm to Optimize Network of Industrial Applications in Modern Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aydin Azizi

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent advances in modern manufacturing industries have created a great need to track and identify objects and parts by obtaining real-time information. One of the main technologies which has been utilized for this need is the Radio Frequency Identification (RFID system. As a result of adopting this technology to the manufacturing industry environment, RFID Network Planning (RNP has become a challenge. Mainly RNP deals with calculating the number and position of antennas which should be deployed in the RFID network to achieve full coverage of the tags that need to be read. The ultimate goal of this paper is to present and evaluate a way of modelling and optimizing nonlinear RNP problems utilizing artificial intelligence (AI techniques. This effort has led the author to propose a novel AI algorithm, which has been named “hybrid AI optimization technique,” to perform optimization of RNP as a hard learning problem. The proposed algorithm is composed of two different optimization algorithms: Redundant Antenna Elimination (RAE and Ring Probabilistic Logic Neural Networks (RPLNN. The proposed hybrid paradigm has been explored using a flexible manufacturing system (FMS, and results have been compared with Genetic Algorithm (GA that demonstrates the feasibility of the proposed architecture successfully.

  5. Industrial Manufacturing Facilities, Published in 2008, 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, Massachusetts Emergency Managment Agency.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Industrial Manufacturing Facilities dataset, published at 1:24000 (1in=2000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Orthoimagery information as of 2008. Data...

  6. Aspects regarding the use of the industrial wastes as raw materials for the manufacture of building materials

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    R. G. Popa; L. G. Popescu; T. A. Abagiu; C. Popescu; R. Cazalbasu

    2015-01-01

    ...: ash and slag, drilling sludge, metallurgical slag. Also, were established the conditions in which these industrial waste types could be used as raw materials for manufacture some building materials...

  7. New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

    1996-01-01

    A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

  8. New Paradigms in International University/Industry/Government Cooperation. Canada-China Collaboration in Advanced Manufacturing Technologies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bulgak, Akif Asil; Liquan, He

    1996-01-01

    A Chinese university and a Canadian university collaborated on an advanced manufacturing technologies project designed to address human resource development needs in China. The project featured university/industry/government partnership and attention to environmental issues. (SK)

  9. The study and design of a national supply chain for the aerospace titanium components manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lene van der Merwe

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Titanium’s strength-to-density ratio, corrosion resistance and high thermal compatibility makes it the perfect metal for aerospace. Titanium is for instance used for the structural airframe, seat tracks, engine components and landing gear of aircraft. The Boeing 787 that had its test flight in 2009 is one of the latest aircraft designs that incorporates a substantially higher percentage of parts manufactured from titanium due to the weight benefit. Titanium’s extensive use in aerospace applications ensures that the aerospace market is the main driver of titanium metal demand. South Africa is the second largest titanium producer in the world after Australia. The abundance of titanium in South Africa together with the growing demand has led it to be identified as a beneficiation priority in a collaborative government initiative, called Titanium Beneficiation Initiative (TBI. The purpose of this paper is to develop a supply chain model for the anticipated South African titanium component manufacturing industry.

  10. Statistical applications for chemistry, manufacturing and controls (CMC) in the pharmaceutical industry

    CERN Document Server

    Burdick, Richard K; Pfahler, Lori B; Quiroz, Jorge; Sidor, Leslie; Vukovinsky, Kimberly; Zhang, Lanju

    2017-01-01

    This book examines statistical techniques that are critically important to Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Control (CMC) activities. Statistical methods are presented with a focus on applications unique to the CMC in the pharmaceutical industry. The target audience consists of statisticians and other scientists who are responsible for performing statistical analyses within a CMC environment. Basic statistical concepts are addressed in Chapter 2 followed by applications to specific topics related to development and manufacturing. The mathematical level assumes an elementary understanding of statistical methods. The ability to use Excel or statistical packages such as Minitab, JMP, SAS, or R will provide more value to the reader. The motivation for this book came from an American Association of Pharmaceutical Scientists (AAPS) short course on statistical methods applied to CMC applications presented by four of the authors. One of the course participants asked us for a good reference book, and the only book recomm...

  11. Study on the Key Factor Parameters to Increase Productivity in Construction and Manufacturing Industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almazyed, K.; Alaswad, A.; Olabi, A. G.

    2016-02-01

    Proper management of human and non-human resources in construction and manufacturing projects can give-in considerable savings in time and cost. Construction and Manufacturing industry faces issues in connection with problems related with productivity and the problems are usually connected with performance of employees. The performance of employees is affected by many factors. In this paper a survey was made on respondents who are employed various projects of Saudi Arabia. The researcher developed a theoretical framework from the existing research which was used as a Model to collect and analyze the field data to test the hypothesis. In this research activity three predictors (commitment, job satisfaction and job performance) for determining the change in productivity. The results highlight that commitment and job performance (respectively) are the two predictors which are explaining 37% of variation in the productivity of the companies. The results also show that Job Satisfaction has no role in the prediction of productivity.

  12. A case study on implementing lean ergonomic manufacturing systems (LEMS) in an automobile industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Srinivasa Rao, P.; Niraj, Malay

    2016-09-01

    Lean manufacturing is a business strategy developed in Japan. In the present scenario, the global market is developing new techniques for getting more and more production rate with a good quality under low cost. In this context, human factors have to be given importance to their working conditions. The study demonstrates the adoption of ergonomic conditions in lean manufacturing for the improvement of organizational performance of the industry. The aim of ergonomics is to adapt the new techniques to their work in efficient and safe ways in order to optimize the human health conditions and increasing the production rate. By conducting survey on various disciplines and showed how the production rate and human ergonomic conditions is affected.

  13. Detection and Prioritization of Significant Issues in Green Lean System in Small and Medium Scale Manufacturing Industries

    OpenAIRE

    Vijayakumar, S.; N.Dhasarathan Alias Raja

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this research is to investigate of significant supply chain menace factors exist in small scale manufacturing industries (SSI) in India. The small scale segment is a manifestation of India’s socio-economic development model and has met with the country’s long term expectations in terms of contribution to GDP, industrial base, employment and exports. This segment forms a major part of Indian industrial base. Small scale industries contribute about 10% of total GDP. The small sca...

  14. Revealed Comparative Advantage, Intra-industry Trade and the US Manufacturing Trade Deficit with China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Guobing Shen; Anthony Yanxiang Gu

    2007-01-01

    This paper uses 4-digit SITC data to identify groups of manufactured goods exported from China to the USA that have strong or rising comparative advantages. We find that most of the trades are inter-industry, with only a small portion being vertical intra-industry trades (ⅡT). Our results confirm that Sino-US trade is complementary. We construct an imbalanced index of ⅡT, and identify the goods groups that aggravate and reduce the US trade deficit with China. We suggest an approach for calculating a dynamic ⅡT index that might mitigate the aggregation bias of the existing methodologies. Our improved index reveals that the dynamic imbalances of US-Chinese ⅡT in manufactured goods are worse than their static ⅡT imbalances, which means that it would be difficult to correct the deficit of US trade with China in the following couple of years. Adjusting and improving the structures of industries and products is China's major task for sustainable trade growth.

  15. Neurotoxic effects of organic solvents among workers in paint and lacquer manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jovanović Jovica M.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction Organic solvents are chemically different compounds with one common feature: they dissolve fats, oils, resins, cellulose acetate and cellulose nitrate, which makes them widely used in industry. Most often organic solvents are used in paint and lacquer industries, in production of pesticides, plastics, explosives, rubber, cellulose, air conditioners, in pharmaceutical industry and in leather industry. The aim of this research was to analyze the working environment and professional hazards in paint and lacquer manufacturing industry and evaluate effects of chronic exposure to mixture of organic solvents on nervous system of exposed workers. Methodology The exposed group consisted of 50 workers professionally exposed to these noxae, while the control group consisted of 30 workers who have never been exposed to these noxae. Results Examination of working environment in departments of paint and lacquer manufacturing revealed presence of white spirit and toluene above allowed levels. Exposed workers more frequently complained of fatigue, hand numbness, enhanced excitation, and concentration difficulties, forgetfulness and headaches, than workers from the control group. Electroneurographic examination of n. medianus showed reduced motor and sensitive conduction velocity among exposed in comparison to workers from the control group. Reduced motor and sensitive conduction velocity was correlated with duration of exposure to these noxae. Terminal latency of n. medianus was statistically, significantly longer in the exposed group than in the control group. Workers in the exposed group have statistically significantly longer reaction time in response to acoustic and visual stimuli. Discussion Segmental demyelination and axonal degeneration, as forms of damage to peripheral nerves, were identified as responsible for peripheral neuropathy associated with occupational exposure to organic solvents. Conclusion Results of this study show possible

  16. IMPLEMENTATION OF MODULAR MANUFACTURING IN THE CLOTHING INDUSTRY IN KWAZULU-NATAL: A CASE STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Ramdass

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available

    ENGLISH ABSTRACT: There are many challenges facing the clothing and textile industry in countries worldwide, and South Africa is no exception. Intense competition from both the domestic and international markets is crippling both the clothing and textile industries. However, with a reservoir of experience and expertise within the industry, it could re-establish itself as a forceful industry with an ability to challenge competitors both domestically and internationally through a focus on added value, exceptional quality, and the effective application of all resources through technological innovation. One such innovation in the clothing industry in South Africa may be the use of modular manufacturing. Qualitative narrative interviews and text analysis results on the experiences of individuals through the implementation of modular manufacturing are presented and evaluated as a case study.

    AFRIKAANSE OPSOMMING: I'n Verskeidenheid uitdagings staar die kleding- en tekstielindustrie wêreldwyd in die gesig. Suid-Afrika is ook hieraan blootgestel. Intense kompetisie in nasionale en internasionale markte het tans ’n besonder negatiewe uitwerking op die kleding- en tekstielindustrie. Daar is egter ’n goeie bron van ervaring en kennis in die bedryf wat kan meehelp om die besondere kompetisie die hoof te bied. Dit kan geskied deur te fokus op toegevoegde waarde, uitsonderlike kwaliteit, en die effektiewe aanwending van hulpbronne deur tegnologiese innovasie. Een so ’n innovasie in die Suid-Afrikaanse kledingindustrie kan die aanwending van modulêre vervaardiging wees. Kwalitatiewe narratiewe resultate van onderhoude, sowel as teks- en inhoudanalise van die ervarings van werknemers tydens die implementering van modulêre vervaardiging, word as ’n gevallestudie aangebied.

  17. Benefits Down Evidently while Export Grew Slowly The Analysis of Economic Performance of China’s Textile Machinery Industry from Jan. to Oct. 2008 (Part A)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    Financial expenses Of China’s textile machinery in fiscal year 2008 rose 28.81%due to higher indebtedness(60.57%of indebtedness rate).Analysts anticipated animminent weakening of momentum for China’s textile machinery markets owing toweaker consumer spending and easing export growth.

  18. The history of the peat manufacturing industry in The Netherlands: Peat moss litter and active carbon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.A.W. Gerding

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available This article describes the development of three major forms of peat processing by the manufacturing industry in The Netherlands since the last quarter of the 19th century. At a time when peat as a fuel was gradually being replaced by coal, the first form was the peat moss litter industry. Peat moss litter was made from white peat that was ground and sieved in factories which were located mainly in bog areas in the south-east of the province of Drenthe. It served as excellent bedding for horses and cattle. The second form of industrial peat processing was the manufacture, from 1921 onwards, of active carbon made from black peat. The Purit (Norit factory, now part of the Cabot Corporation, is still the only active carbon factory using peat as a raw material. The third form of peat processing was the production of garden peat and potting soil. This is still a widespread activity in peat areas all over the world. The peat moss litter industry thrived from the 1880s until shortly after the First World War. The arrival of the horse-drawn tram in all of the major cities of Europe created a great demand for animal bedding to be used in the vast stables of the tramway companies. Peat moss litter was cleaner, healthier and easier to handle than straw. There was similar demand from the armies, which used millions of horses during the First World War. Owing to the development of motorised vehicles, the peat market collapsed after the war and this plunged the industry into a prolonged crisis which was not overcome until peat was found to be a suitable growing medium for horticulture in the 1950s. Living and working conditions in peatlands were harsh, earnings irregular and labourers’ rights limited. The peat manufacturing industry was the first to introduce collective labour agreements, medical benefits and pension plans. Nonetheless massive unemployment, poverty and the necessity to migrate to other parts of the country were clear signs that the era of

  19. Innovation and Reform on the Teaching of"Fundamentals of Engineering Materials and Machinery Manufacturing"%“工程材料及机械制造基础”课程教学创新与改革

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    万晓峰; 张华丽; 张华; 张福豹; 黄明宇; 倪红军

    2015-01-01

    This paper analyzes the current problems and shortcomings existing in the teaching of "Fundamentals of Engineering Materials and Machinery Manufacturing", a course opened for machinery undergraduate majors. It proposes measures and programs for teaching reform from teaching content, teaching methods, teaching means and assessment forms, Seeing from the implementation process, students' learning initiative has been significantly stimulated and enhanced, and the cultivation of the ability of combining theory with practice and engineering application has been strengthened.%本文针对目前机械类本科专业开设的“工程材料及机械制造基础”课程教学过程中存在的问题与不足进行剖析。从教学内容、教学方法、教学手段以及考核形式等方面,提出了课程教学改革的措施和方案。从实施过程中看,显著激发和提高了学生的学习主观能动性,加强了理论联系实际和工程应用能力的培养。

  20. 探索我国塑料机械工业由大到强之路%ROAD FROM LARGE TO STRONG OF CHINA'S PLASTICS MACHINERY INDUSTRY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李坚

    2011-01-01

    The main achievements, problems, causes and solutions of China's plastics machinery industry during the eleventh five-year plan of the People's Republic of China were introduced. It was pointed out that cuanging development models ,providing high efficiency equipment and implementing independent of major equipment should be promoted during the twelfth five-year plan. The fea sibility of the development ideas was demonstrated.%介绍了我国塑料机械行业"十一五"期间取得的主要成就,存在的问题、成因及解决方案.指出我国塑料机械行业"十二五"期间应改变发展模式,为应用领域提供高效率低能耗装备,实施重大装备自主化,并对我国塑料机械"十二五"发展思路的可行性进行论证.

  1. 工程机械融资租赁的优势与风险%Advantages and Risks of Financial Leasing in Construction Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程欣炜

    2012-01-01

    介绍了工程机械融资租赁的概念和结构并比较了不同形式出租人的特征.从促进企业销售、缓解资金压力、减少税收支出和提升经营能力等四个角度阐述了工程机械融资租赁的优势;分析了融资租赁中的风险,并从引入供应链金融方式和加强市场监管等两个方面说明了融资租赁风险的控制.%This article introduces the conception and structure of financial leasing in construction machinery industry and compares different types of lessors. The advantages are expounded from four angles i. e. business sales promotion, financial pressure reduction, tax expenditure minimization and management capacity elevation. Risks and approaches of control in financial leasing are aslo analyzed from two aspects supply chain finance and market regulation.

  2. Citation Analysis of Core Journals in Machinery and Instrument Industry%机械、仪表工业类核心期刊的引文分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高非

    2001-01-01

    This article carries out the investigation and statistics of citation of papers published in 1998 in 25 titles of core journals in machinery and instrument industry, which are collected by “Compendium of Chinese Core Journals”, quantitatively analyses the average number of papers per issue, the quantity of citations, the types of documents,the distribution of languages and year,the cited frequency, and comprehensively evaluates its standard and law of citations.%对《中文核心期刊要目总览》收录的机械、仪表工业类25种核心期刊中1998年所载论文的引文进行调查统计。对平均载文量、引文的数量、文献类型、语种分布、年代分布和各种中文文献被引频次等有关信息进行定量分析,客观地对该类25种核心期刊的引文水平和一般规律进行综合评价。

  3. Communication Strategies of the Chinese Dairy Industry Manufacturers to Rebuild Reputation and Maintain a Quality Relationship

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dashi Zhang

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available After the Sanlu tainted milk powder crisis in China in 2008, the entire powdered milk manufacturing industry, and in many ways the food industry as a whole, faced a crisis of reputation and consumer confidence. Through a study of the organisation and public relationships of dairy companies, the crisis communication strategies they used, and how they cultivated relationships, this paper explores how companies within the milk industry rebuilt their reputations to a point where customers and other key elements of the public once again felt confident about their products. This study explores the organisation­-public relationships (OPRs cultivation strategies of the dairy companies and the communication strategies they used to rebuild the industry's reputation after the Sanlu crisis. The author interviewed dairy company personnel and consumers in China (N=18 and conducted secondary document research. The communication strategies that dairy companies used to maintain their relationship with the public are analysed. This study develops the theory of relationship management and provides suggestions for other companies to utilise should they face an industry crisis in the future. The cultivation strategies the dairy companies use to maintain their relationship with the public is hard to separate from communication strategy employed after the crisis.

  4. Reform and Exploration of Practice Teaching of Machinery Manufacturing and Automation Specialty%机械制造与自动化专业实践教学的改革与探索

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程雪利; 安林超; 段维峰

    2011-01-01

    提高学生实践能力,改革及创新实践教学环节是关键。文章提出了机械制造与自动化专业实践教学体系的新思路,并从实验、实习实训、设计及创新设计等实践环节入手进行了改革,取得了较好的效果。%The key of improving students' practice ability is reform and innovation practice teaching.This paper put forward the new ideas of practice teaching system of machinery manufacturing and automation specialty,and reformed the practical link from the experiment,practice,design and innovation design,and achieved good results

  5. Effects of Wastes from the Brewing Industry in Lightweight Aggregates Manufactured with Clay for Green Roofs

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romina D. Farías

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available This study investigates the effects of sieved wastes generated from the brewing industry on lightweight aggregates manufactured with clay. Sludge from a wastewater treatment plant, bagasse and diatomaceous earth were used to obtain the samples. These wastes are usually dumped in landfills, but the current increase in restrictions on dumping and interest in improving the environment make our proposal for gaining value from these wastes a significant contribution. Laboratory tests show that the new aggregate has low bulk density and increased water absorption and porosity. The thermographic camera results provide evidence that new aggregates have significant insulating properties and are suitable for use on green roofs.

  6. Standards and Best Practices Application of Standards for Equipment-Manufacturing Industries Workshop Held in Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ The "Application of Standards for Equipment-Manufacturing Industry Workshop" was held for two days in Shanghai from May 25th to May 26th, 2007. Dozens of delegates from famous enterprises and organizations around the world participated, including those from Shell China Ltd., Leal China, Siemens Ltd. China Corporate, and Assurance of SAI Global and SGS . Nine experts, engaged in standardization, intellectual property, and related fields, gave speeches on "Standards and Best Practices," and many illustrative examples of the application of standards were provided.

  7. Teaching Practice and Research in Factory on Machinery Manufacturing Majoring of Occupation Technique Education%高职机械制造专业在企业中教学的实践研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    易素君; 赵景海

    2013-01-01

    Machinery manufacturing professional teaching of higher vocational education is to a large extent depends on the needs of employ⁃ment status. Learning and employment are two real problems faced by schools and students. Machinery manufacturing professional teaching mode is a mode of combination of professional orientation and business needs. Modifications were also made on the learning content and learn⁃ing methods, based on a combination of business practice and teaching approach. Practice teaching is the application of methods. Teachers in⁃volved in teaching practice is a means of teaching.%  高职教育机械制造专业的教学在很大程度上取决于用人的需求。学习和就业是学校和学生面临的两个现实问题。在教学内容安排的非统一性使得各个学校都建立了自己的教学模式。机械制造专业的教学模式是专业定向和企业需求相结合的模式,学习内容和学习方式上都作了调整,采用企业实践与教学相结合的方式进行,专业课程学习与实践教学相结合,同时增强专业教师在学生实践中的教学和指导,将课堂与实践融为一体。

  8. Analysis and research of multi-level inventory management of coal mine machinery manufacturing enterprises%煤机制造企业多级库存管理系统研究与设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔超; 孙超

    2013-01-01

    介绍了库存管理和供应链相关理论,建立了煤机制造企业多级库存成本模型,详细阐述了供应链环境下的多级库存管理,并建立了以优化成本为主导思想的三级库存管理模块,最终形成了多级库存系统,该系统为煤机制造企业在供应链的环境下建立多级库存管理提供了新方法,为煤机制造企业节省了大量的成本,对于实现供应链整体价值的最大化有着重要的现实意义和社会意义。%The related theories about inventory management and supply chain were intro-duced,and the multi-level inventory cost model was set up for coal machinery manufacturing en-terprises The multi-level inventory management in supply chain was described,and three-level inventory management module was built to optimize the cost Finally,the multi-level inventory system was built,providing a new way for coal machinery manufacturing enterprises to set up multi-level inventory management in supply chain The system can save a lot of cost and is of practical and social significance to achieve the maximum value of the whole supply chain.

  9. Xinjiang Agricnltural Mechanization Development Features and DiIemma and Agricultural Machinery Industry Development Strategy%新疆农业机械化发展的特征和困境与农机工业发展战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏巍; 李万明

    2012-01-01

    Xinjiang agricultural mechanization has achieved great development in the "eleventh rive-year plan" period, but still has outstanding problems of the unreasonable structure and not balanced development. Xinjiang agricultural mechanization development demand for agricultural machinery has characteristics of a large space, diversification, large-scale, high performance, economy, and based on this, this paper discussed the dilemma of the effective supply the plight of agricultural machinery from the supply of Xinjiang agricultural machinery of quality, quantity and price , and further analyzes the cause of the dilemma is that the Xinjiang agricultural machinery industry organization structure is not reasonable. This paper puts strategic thinking of speeding up the development of Xinjiang agricultural machinery industry of implementing the import substitution strategy and export orientation strategy, building agricultural machinery industry base of Unimqi and Shihezi, improving industry organization structure, implementing the "combination'union and innovating the mechanism of subsidies of agricultural machinery.%新疆农业机械化在“十一·五”期间获得了长足发展,但仍存在结构不合理、发展不平衡等突出问题.新疆农业机械化发展对农机需求具有空间大、多样化、大型化、高性能、经济型等特征.从农机供给的品质、数量、价格等方面,探讨了新疆农机有效供给不足的困境,指出困境的原因是新疆农机工业组织结构不合理.提出实施进口替代战略和出口导向战略、重点打造乌鲁木齐和石河子农机产业基地、改善行业组织结构、推行“产学研”结合、创新农机补贴机制等加快新疆农机工业发展的战略思考.

  10. Understanding industrial energy use: Physical energy intensity changes in Indian manufacturing sector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sudhakara Reddy, B., E-mail: sreddy@igidr.ac.in [Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Goregaon (E), Mumbai 400 065 (India); Kumar Ray, Binay [Indira Gandhi Institute of Development Research, Goregaon (E), Mumbai 400 065 (India)

    2011-11-15

    This study develops and examines physical energy intensity indicators in five industrial sub-sectors-iron and steel, aluminum, textiles, paper, and cement-and investigates mitigation options for energy related CO{sub 2} emissions (during 1991-2005). Decomposition analysis has been employed to separate the structural effect (share of different products in the sector) from pure intensity effect (efficiency increase through technical improvement) for each industry. The results show that the combined effect (considering both structural and intensity effects together) on both iron and steel and paper and pulp industries is negative while it is positive for aluminum and textiles. The intensity effect for all the industries, barring textiles, is negative showing improvement in energy efficiency; iron and steel in particular, has seen a decrease of 134 PJ in energy consumption owing to improvements in efficiency. However, energy intensity in textiles has risen by 47 PJ due to increased mechanization. Structural effect is positive in aluminum and iron and steel industries indicating a movement towards higher energy-intensive products. In the case of aluminum, positive structural effect dominates over negative intensive effect whereas negative intensive effect dominates iron and steel industry. The paper helps in designing policies for improving productivity and reduce energy consumption in India's manufacturing sector. - Highlights: > The study develops physical energy intensity indicators in industrial sub-sectors of India. > It identifies technological and other options for reduction in energy consumption. > The study quantifies savings in energy as well as CO{sub 2} emissions. > The indicators are useful in examining structural changes.

  11. Towards the re-industrialization of Europe a concept for manufacturing for 2030

    CERN Document Server

    Westkämper, Engelbert

    2014-01-01

    Not only are European industries shrinking and experiencing diminishment of their capability to add value, but Europe has lost more than a third of its GDP, which had been primarily based on manufacturing, and it suffers the consequences in high unemployment and weakened states finance. This book is intended as a significant contribution to the on-going European discussions after the economic crisis and the economic problems in many regions. It is meant to enrich actual political dialogues for overcoming the crises by activating new potentials of high added value. As such, it seeks to provide the necessary orientation for enacting fundamental changes of business models and factory capabilities in order to meet the challenges of the global economy and minimizing environmental impacts. It also opens perspectives for enterprise strategies and for further research topics. Concrete recommendations are made for fields of action and future development towards achieving a sustainable industrial sector in Europe. ‘T...

  12. Optimal Acquisition and Production Policy for End-of-Life Engineering Machinery Recovering in a Joint Manufacturing/Remanufacturing System under Uncertainties in Procurement and Demand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haolan Liao

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The intensive shortage of natural resources and the inchoate phase of automobile remanufacturing in a closed-loop supply chain (CLSC are driving people to take cyclic manufacturing seriously. Aiming at maximizing resource utilization and produce profits, we apply an optimizing mathematical analysis to the modeling of automobile engine remanufacturing in a joint manufacturing system, in which the quantity and quality of procurement, and the demand of the market, are both uncertain. The manufacturer can either produce new products with raw materials or remanufacture the returned product taken back from customers; the raw materials are bought from two suppliers with certain probabilities of disruption in the supply. The returned products are classified into different quality levels according to the testing results after sorting, by considering the remanufacture-up-to strategy we obtained the optimal remanufacturing ratio, then the manufacturing quantity and corresponding maximized total profit of this joint system are determined. We also investigated a real-life case of auto engine remanufacturing, comparing it with the theory of optimal remanufacturing policy, and the results indicate that a material savings of more than 45% and a cost improvement of more than 40% could be achieved when the optimal remanufacturing policy of our model is implemented.

  13. Investigation of the prominent barriers to lean manufacturing implementation in Malaysian food and beverages industry using Rasch Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khusaini, N. S.; Ismail, A.; Rashid, A. A.

    2016-02-01

    This paper presents a preliminary study on the prominent barriers to lean manufacturing implementation in Malaysian Food and Beverages Industry. A survey was carried out to determine the most prominent barriers of lean manufacturing implementation that are currently being faced in this industry. The amount of barriers identified for this study is twenty seven. Out of 1309 available organizations, a total of 300 organizations have been randomly selected as respondents, and 53 organizations responded. From the variable map, the analysis shows that, the negative perception towards lean manufacturing top the list as the most agreeable barrier, while the technical barriers came after it. It can also be seen from the variable map that averagely, lack of vision and direction is the barrier that is being faced. Finally, this is perhaps the first attempt in investigating the prominent barriers to Lean Manufacturing implementation in Malaysian food and beverages industry using Rasch Model.

  14. Evaluation of Project Based Learning in the Area of Manufacturing and Statistics in the Degree of Industrial Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buj-Corral, Irene; Marco-Almagro, Lluís; Riba, Alex; Vivancos-Calvet, Joan; Tort-Martorell, Xavier

    2015-01-01

    In the subject Project I in the second year of the Degree in Industrial Technology Engineering taught at the School of Industrial Engineering of Barcelona (ETSEIB), subgroups of 3-4 students within groups of 20 students develop a project along a semester. Results of 2 projects are presented related to manufacturing, measurement of parts and the…

  15. Virtual Commissioning of Small to Medium Scale Industry Using the Concepts of Digital Manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akash.M.R

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Small scale industries produce certain products depending on the type of industry they have established. If these small scale industries decide to become medium scale certain changes have to be incorporated in plant layout to meet certain requirements. Certain changes include change in layout design, introducing new machines and equipments in the industry in order to produce new component .To implement these changes in the company we have to get information regarding the new component the company would produce based on this information we have design new plant layout. The purpose of this project is to plan a suitable plant layout which could meet company requirement. To design a new plant layout we are using Delmia as the simulation software. DELMIA Production System Simulation allows the process planner to validate the manufacturing system dynamically. Product flow and operation time, as well as scheduled maintenance and random equipment failure events, are simulated to help the planner understand how they will impact the system’s capacity. Process planners can determine if changes to the system are needed to achieve the desired production demands.

  16. Composting of de-inking sludge from the recycled paper manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gea, Teresa; Artola, Adriana; Sánchez, Antoni

    2005-07-01

    Composting of two different types of sludge from the recycled paper manufacturing industry was carried out at laboratory scale. Physico-chemical sludge (PCS) from the de-inking process and biological sludge (BS) from the wastewater treatment plant were composted and co-composted with and without addition of a bulking material. Despite its poor initial characteristics (relatively high C/N ratio, low organic content and moisture), PCS showed excellent behaviour in the composting process, reaching and maintaining thermophilic temperatures for more than 7 days at laboratory scale, and therefore complete hygienization. Pilot scale composting of PCS was also studied, and a respiratory quotient of 1.19 was obtained, indicating a full aerobic biological process. Respiration tests showed a complete stabilization of the material, with final values of the static respiration index in the range of 1.1 mg O2gTOM(-1)h(-1). Composting is proposed as a suitable technology for the effective recycling of this type of sludge from the recycled paper manufacturing industry.

  17. Shift-work disorder and sleep-related environmental factors in the manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taniyama, Yukari; Nakamura, Arisa; Yamauchi, Takenori; Takeuchi, Shouhei; Kuroda, Yoshiki

    2015-03-01

    The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between shift-work disorder (SWD) and environmental and somatic factors related to falling asleep among rapidly rotating shift workers in a manufacturing industry.A total of 556 male workers were recruited to complete a self-administered questionnaire regarding age, shift work experience, lifestyle, and family structure; the Epworth sleepiness scale (ESS); the Pittsburgh sleep quality index (PSQI); and the Horne and Ostberg questionnaire, a questionnaire for environmental and somatic factors related to falling asleep. We classified workers according to having SWD or not, and compared workers with SWD with those without this disorder in terms of all items covered in the aforementioned questionnaires. A total of 208 workers (62.8%) working rapidly rotating shifts were diagnosed with SWD. The ESS and PSQI scores and scores for environmental and somatic factors were significantly higher in workers with SWD than in those without this disorder. The ESS scores and scores for environmental and somatic factors were also associated with SWD in the logistic regression analyses. We suggest that susceptibility to SWD in the manufacturing industry may be associated with environmental and somatic factors related to falling asleep.

  18. Methodology to produce a water and energy stream map (WESM in the South African manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Davies, Edward

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available The increasing demand for water and energy in South Africa, and the capacity constraints and restrictions of both resources, have led to a rapid increase in their cost. The manufacturing industry remains South Africa’s third-largest consumer of water and second- largest consumer of national energy. The improvement of water and energy efficiency is becoming an increasingly important theme for both organisational success and national economic sustainability. This paper presents the ‘lean based water and energy stream mapping framework’ developed for the manufacturing industry, with the specific objective of decreasing its water and energy intensity. As with the traditional value stream mapping tool, the water and energy stream mapping focuses on eliminating water- and energy-specific wastes within a process. Water and energy waste categories that will be used in conjunction with the framework will also be discussed. The key objective of this paper is to detail the process of creating the water and energy stream mapping, and the statistical forecasting methodology used to develop the baseline water and energy demand data. The outcome of the implementation of the framework is the future state water and energy stream mapping, which is effectively a blueprint for increased water and energy efficiency within a studied process.

  19. The Impact of Soft Factors on Quality Improvement in Manufacturing Industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Shiau Wei; Fauzi Ahmad, Md; Kong, Mei Wan

    2017-08-01

    Nowadays, soft factors have become the key factors of success in quality improvement of an organisation. Many organisations have neglected the importance of soft factors, this may influence the organisational performance. Hence, the purpose of this research is to examine the impact of soft factors on quality improvement in manufacturing industries. Six hypotheses were examined while considering six dimensions of soft factors including management commitment, customer focus, supplier relationship, employee involvement, training and education, and reward and recognition that have a positive impact on quality improvement. In this study, eighty one managers from the quality department were randomly selected in the manufacturing industry in Batu Pahat, Johor. The questionnaires were distributed to them. The researcher analysed the quantitatively collected data using descriptive analysis and correlation analysis. The findings of this study revealed that all soft factors are correlated to the quality improvement in an organisation with a high significant value but the regression analysis shows that the supplier relationship and employee involvement has more significant impact on quality improvement as compared to other soft factors which contributes of this study.

  20. The Olympic of Textile Machinery closed

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    The five days 2012 China International Textile Machinery Exhibition ITMA Asia Exhibition, which attracted much attention from the industry, was closed at the Shanghai New International Expo Center on June 16, more than 1300 textile enterprises from nearly 30 countries around the world gathered on the exhibition, the world’s latest textile machinery technologies, crafts and equipments were also presented one by one.

  1. China Textile Machinery Expresses Self-Surpassing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    It’s difficult to imagine that any sector of the textile industry has benefited more from innovations in the past 10 years than textile machinery. Advanced textile machinery has brought new life to the production segment of the business and fulfills the essential preconditions for economically efficient textile production.

  2. Challenges and trends in manufacturing measurement technology – the “Industrie 4.0” concept

    OpenAIRE

    Imkamp, Dietrich; Berthold, Jürgen; Heizmann, Michael; Kniel, Karin; Manske, Eberhard; Peterek, Martin; Schmitt, Robert; Seidler, Jochen; Sommer, Klaus-Dieter

    2016-01-01

    Strategic considerations and publications dealing with the future of industrial production are significantly influenced these days by the concept of “Industrie 4.0”. For this reason the field of measurement technology for industrial production must also tackle this concept when thinking about future trends and challenges in metrology. To this end, the Manufacturing Metrology Roadmap 2020 of the VDI/VDE Society for Measurement and Automatic Control (GMA) was published in 2011 (VDI/VDE-GMA, 201...

  3. Challenges and trends in manufacturing measurement technology – the “Industrie 4.0” concept

    OpenAIRE

    Imkamp, D.; Berthold, J.; Heizmann, M.; K. Kniel; Manske, E.; Peterek, M.; Schmitt, R.; Seidler, J; K.-D. Sommer

    2016-01-01

    Strategic considerations and publications dealing with the future of industrial production are significantly influenced these days by the concept of “Industrie 4.0”. For this reason the field of measurement technology for industrial production must also tackle this concept when thinking about future trends and challenges in metrology. To this end, the Manufacturing Metrology Roadmap 2020 of the VDI/VDE Society for Measurement and Automatic Control (GMA) was published in 2011...

  4. The Advantages of Manufacturing Industry of North-East%东北制造业的优势在哪里

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁琦; 李忠海; 马斌

    2004-01-01

    This paper firstly indicates the difficulties to develop the decaying industrial basis vigorously, by means of studying the situation of Northeast manufacturing in nationwide six administrative regions, with analysis of Northeast in the latest ten years. Then, we design a set of index system of comparative advantages to guide Northeast China's decaying industrial basis to regain its vigor by means of identifying its comparatively advantageous industries.

  5. Control of ammonia and urea emissions from urea manufacturing facilities of Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC), Kuwait.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Khan, A R; Al-Awadi, L; Al-Rashidi, M S

    2016-06-01

    Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC) in Kuwait has mitigated the pollution problem of ammonia and urea dust by replacing the melting and prilling units of finished-product urea prills with an environmentally friendly granulation process. PIC has financed a research project conducted by the Coastal and Air Pollution Program's research staff at the Kuwait Institute for Scientific Research to assess the impact of pollution control strategies implemented to maintain a healthy productive environment in and around the manufacturing premises. The project was completed in three phases: the first phase included the pollution monitoring of the melting and prilling units in full operation, the second phase covered the complete shutdown period where production was halted completely and granulation units were installed, and the last phase encompassed the current modified status with granulation units in full operation. There was substantial decrease in ammonia emissions, about 72%, and a 52.7% decrease in urea emissions with the present upgrading of old melting and prilling units to a state-of-the-art technology "granulation process" for a final finished product. The other pollutants, sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NOx), and volatile organic compounds (VOCs), have not shown any significant change, as the present modification has not affected the sources of these pollutants. Petrochemical Industries Company (PIC) in Kuwait has ammonia urea industries, and there were complaints about ammonia and urea dust pollution. PIC has resolved this problem by replacing "melting and prilling unit" of final product urea prills by more environmentally friendly "granulation unit." Environmental Pollution and Climate Program has been assigned the duty of assessing the outcome of this change and how that influenced ammonia and urea dust emissions from the urea manufacturing plant.

  6. Energy-Efficient Through-Life Smart Design, Manufacturing and Operation of Ships in an Industry 4.0 Environment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joo Hock Ang

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available Energy efficiency is an important factor in the marine industry to help reduce manufacturing and operational costs as well as the impact on the environment. In the face of global competition and cost-effectiveness, ship builders and operators today require a major overhaul in the entire ship design, manufacturing and operation process to achieve these goals. This paper highlights smart design, manufacturing and operation as the way forward in an industry 4.0 (i4 era from designing for better energy efficiency to more intelligent ships and smart operation through-life. The paper (i draws parallels between ship design, manufacturing and operation processes, (ii identifies key challenges facing such a temporal (lifecycle as opposed to spatial (mass products, (iii proposes a closed-loop ship lifecycle framework and (iv outlines potential future directions in smart design, manufacturing and operation of ships in an industry 4.0 value chain so as to achieve more energy-efficient vessels. Through computational intelligence and cyber-physical integration, we envision that industry 4.0 can revolutionise ship design, manufacturing and operations in a smart product through-life process in the near future.

  7. Export and Economic Growth in the Case of the Manufacturing Industry: Panel Data Analysis of Developing Countries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emine Kılavuz

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available The correlation between growth in export and economic growth, which is called “Export-led Growth Hypothesis” in the literature, is still a current issue in both the theoretical and empirical literature. In the present study, the effect of different classifications of export and import on economic growth in 22 developing countries in the 1998–2006 period was tested based on two models, via panel data analysis. According to the results of the first model, the analysis of which included variables such as high and low-tech manufacturing industry exports, investment and population, it was found that only two variables, high-tech manufacturing industry export and investment, have a positive and significant effect on growth. In addition to the first model which included the analysis of all variables, the second model investigated the effect of high and low-tech manufacturing industry imports on growth. The findings revealed that only high-tech manufacturing industry export, investment and low-tech manufacturing industry import have a positive and significant effect on growth.

  8. A Noble Approach of Process Automation in Galvanized Nut, Bolt Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akash Samanta

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Corrosion costs money”, The Columbus battle institute estimates that corrosion costs Americans more than $ 220 billion annually, about 4.3% of the gross natural product [1].Now a days due to increase of pollution, the rate of corrosion is also increasing day-by-day mainly in India, so, to save the steel structures, galvanizing is the best and the simplest solution. Due to this reason galvanizing industries are increasing day-by-day since mid of 1700s.Galvanizing is a controlled metallurgical combination of zinc and steel that can provide a corrosion resistance in a wide variety of environment. In fact, the galvanized metal corrosion resistance factor can be some 70 to 80 times greater that the base metal material. Keeping in mind the importance of this industry, a noble approach of process automation in galvanized nut-bolt  manufacturing plant is presented here as nuts and bolts are the prime ingredient of any structure. In this paper the main objectives of any industry like survival, profit maximization, profit satisfying and sales growth are fulfilled. Furthermore the environmental aspects i.e. pollution control and energy saving are also considered in this paper. The whole automation process is done using programmable logic controller (PLC which has number of unique advantages like being faster, reliable, requires less maintenance and reprogrammable. The whole system has been designed and tested using GE, FANUC PLC.

  9. Greenhouse gas emissions from production chain of a cigarette manufacturing industry in Pakistan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hussain, Majid, E-mail: majid_qau86@yahoo.com [Environmental Biology and Ecotoxicology Laboratory, Department of Environmental Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Department of Forestry and Wildlife Management, University of Haripur, Hattar Road, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Haripur 22620 (Pakistan); Zaidi, Syed Mujtaba Hasnian [Leaf Agronomy Manager, Pakistan Tobacco Company, Akora Khattak Factory, P.O. and District Nowshera, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (Pakistan); Malik, Riffat Naseem, E-mail: r_n_malik2000@yahoo.co.uk [Environmental Biology and Ecotoxicology Laboratory, Department of Environmental Sciences, Quaid-i-Azam University, Islamabad 45320 (Pakistan); Sharma, Benktesh Dash [University of California, Berkeley, California 94720 (United States)

    2014-10-15

    This study quantified greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the Pakistan Tobacco Company (PTC) production using a life cycle approach. The PTC production chain comprises of two phases: agricultural activities (Phase I) and industrial activities (Phase II). Data related to agricultural and industrial activities of PTC production chain were collected through questionnaire survey from tobacco growers and records from PTC manufacturing units. The results showed that total GHG emissions from PTC production chain were 44,965, 42,875, and 43,839 tCO{sub 2}e respectively in 2009, 2010, and 2011. Among the agricultural activities, firewood burning for tobacco curing accounted for about 3117, 3565, and 3264 tCO{sub 2}e, fertilizer application accounted for 754, 3251, and 4761 tCO{sub 2}e in 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. Among the industrial activities, fossil fuels consumption in stationary sources accounted for 15,582, 12,733, and 13,203 tCO{sub 2}e, fossil fuels used in mobile sources contributed to 2693, 3038, and 3260 tCO{sub 2}e, and purchased electricity consumed resulted in 15,177, 13,556, and 11,380 tCO{sub 2}e in 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. The GHG emissions related to the transportation of raw materials and processed tobacco amounted to 6800, 6301, and 7317 respectively in 2009, 2010, and 2011. GHG emissions from energy use in the industrial activities constituted the largest emissions (i.e., over 80%) of GHG emissions as PTC relies on fossil fuels and fossil fuel based electrical power in industrial processes. The total emissions of carbon footprint (CFP) from PTC production were 0.647 tCO{sub 2}e per million cigarettes produced in 2009, 0.675 tCO{sub 2}e per million cigarettes in 2010 and 0.59 tCO{sub 2}e per million cigarettes in 2011. Potential strategies for GHG emissions reductions for PTC production chain include energy efficiency, reducing reliance on fossil fuels in non-mobile sources, adoption of renewable fuels including solar energy, energy

  10. Sustainable Product Service Systems in Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs: Opportunities in the Leather Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo J. Hernández Pardo

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents an approach to identify opportunities to develop sustainable Product Service Systems (PSS involving Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs. The purpose of the research is to build understanding of how the integration of product and service design and the use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT can contribute to identify opportunities to develop sustainable PSS involving SMEs. In order to develop the approach, research with 16 Colombian Manufacturing SMEs was carried out. A reference model and four generic types of PSS according to the relationships between product and service design and ICT are used to analyse the data. Finally, the possibility of extending the approach into a general framework to work with other industries is discussed.

  11. Evaluating the Total Factor Productivity Growth in Manufacturing Industries of Iran (Data Envelopment Analysis Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. Ahmadi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper examines the total factor productivity changes for 23 main manufacturing industries (2-digit ISIC group and country's provinces using data envelopment analysis during 2005 to 2007. The results show 2.3% increase in the productivity of the whole sector (average over the studied period, while the productivity of the country's provinces decreases by 7.3%, in the same period. We find Food and Beverage products and Khuzestan province having the highest productivity growth. Non-optimal allocation of resources and using of old equipments are the most important drawbacks of productivity growth for 23 main ISIC groups and provinces. Finally estimation of the regression models by panel data method reveals the privatization and increasing of labor’s available capital having a significant effect on productivity growth.

  12. The relationships between postponement strategies and manufacturing performance in supply chains. An industrial perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available The postponement strategy is one of the most popular concepts, widely implemented in contemporary supply chains. Generally, the postponement strategy means delaying supply chain activities purposefully, until the customers' order is received. There is a diverse degree of a delay which is mostly determined by appropriate locations of material decoupling points in a flow of products among parties in a supply chain. Although the in-depth empirical studies have been conducted on postponement strategy, there is still a dearth of research concerning effects of different types of postponement on supply chain performance. The paper investigates the relationships between postponement strategies and different measures of manufacturing performance in supply chains operating in several industries worldwide. In order to realize an empirical goal of the research the statistical analyses have been carried out. The conclusions of the study and directions of future research have been formulated on the basis of the obtained results.

  13. Study on the Reasons and Countermeasures for Loss of Listed Companies in Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Yong; DU; Jun; DU; Bo; YAN

    2013-01-01

    In combination with the data of loss-making listed companies in manufacturing industry at capital market in 2008-2010,this paper analyzed the characteristics of loss of listed companies.Major reasons include the blind investment of management personnel,low operation and management level,blind pursuit of diversified operation,improper stock right structure,weak supervision of government,and imperfect delisting system.Finally,it came up with some countermeasures,including improving quality of management personnel,management personnel selecting proper investment projects,strengthening internal management of enterprise,implementing effective asset rearrangement,setting up effective incentive and restrictive mechanism,bringing into play regulation function of banks,improving delisting mechanism,reducing centralization of state owned stock right,and establishing and improving market information disclosure system.

  14. Determinants of Energy Intensity in Indian Manufacturing Industries: A Firm Level Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Santosh Kumar SAHU

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The demand for energy; particularly for commercial purposes, has been growing rapidly with growth of the economy, changes in the demographic structure, rising urbanization, socio-economic development, and the desire for attaining and sustaining self-reliance in some sectors of the economy. Energy intensity of Indian industries is among the highest in the world and specifically the Indian manufacturing sector is the largest consumer of energy sources. This study attempts to analyze the determinants of energy intensity of Indian manufacturing firms using data from the PROWESS database of the Center for Monitoring Indian Economy (CMIE for the period 2000-2008. The results of the econometric analysis suggest a non-linear (U shape relationship between energy intensity and firm size, implying that both very large and very small firms tend to be more energy intensive as compared to the medium size firms. The analysis also highlights that, foreign owned firms are less energy intensive as compared to the domestic firms. Further, technology imports are found to be important in contributing to the decline firmlevel energy intensity. The paper also identifies that there is a sizable difference in energy intensity between energy intensive firms and others. In addition, the result also shows that younger firms are more energy efficient as compared to the older firms.

  15. Colon cancer incidence among modelmakers and patternmakers in the automobile manufacturing industry. A continuing dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swanson, G M; Belle, S H; Burrows, R W

    1985-08-01

    Modelmakers and patternmakers in an automobile manufacturing corporation located in the Detroit metropolitan area expressed concern about cancer incidence in their work group. In particular, previous studies among woodworking patternmakers and modelmakers employed in the automobile manufacturing industry found excesses in the incidence of cancers of the colon and rectum. To determine cancer incidence among the study corporation's woodworkers, a computerized record linkage study was performed. Cancer incidence data from the Michigan Cancer Foundation Division of Epidemiology's Metropolitan Detroit Cancer Surveillance System (MDCSS) were linked with corporate records for their woodworkers. In this group of 316 workers, ten cancers were found, four of which were colon cancers. A standard morbidity ratio analysis revealed a statistically significant excess of colon cancer in the woodworkers, compared with a general population group matched for race, gender and age (SMR = 487.0, p less than .01). These results are consistent with observations made in previous studies. The question raised by these findings is whether an occupational exposure contributes to this excess occurrence of colon cancers or whether these groups share some other common attributes, such as dietary habits.

  16. E-learning Readiness and Absorptive Capacity in the Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Monika Hattinger

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The manufacturing industry constantly strive to develop the competencies of their expert production engineers in order to achieve and maintain a competitive advantage. Research shows that the absorptive capacity of a firm is central in order to reach such a goal. The absorptive capacity is the firm´s ability to recognize the value of new external information, assimilate it, and apply it to commercial ends, and thereby exploit the conditions for innovation. In this paper the concept of absorptive capacity is used as a lens for analyzing managerial rationales for engaging in technology enhanced competence development projects. Through interviews with key informants in 15 manufacturing firms we study the capabilities and readiness that organizations need for participation in e-learning initiatives. We present a framework of readiness for technology enhanced competence development comprised of the following interrelated constructs; awareness, e-learning maturity, dynamic capability and co-creativity. Results show a broad variation of levels within the constructs among the firms. Notable is the low level of e-learning maturity and dynamic capability. We argue that e-learning maturity is dependent on all four constructs.

  17. Analysis of application of various materials for manufacturing parts of motor car bodies in automobile industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Вікторія Григорівна Гаврилова

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The work presents an analysis of applying various steels for manufacturing motor-car bodies. There is a brief description of cold-rolled sheet steels RRST 1405 produced according to the standards DIN 1623 and DIN 1541; UST 1203, UST 1303 according to DIN 1624 and DIN 1606; ST 4, 08MnSiAlTi, 07MnNbAl and also a classification and a brief description of steels made according to USLAB: IF-steel with increased formability, thermo-strengthened BH-steel, dual phase (DP steels, transformation induced plasticity (TRIP steels, martensitic (Mart steels, austenitic high-tensile steels – (TWIP steels, high strength steels of new generation of AHSS type (advanced high-strength steels and UHSS (ultra high-strength steels, high-strength steels and superplastic steels of new generation for lightweight constructions (TRIPLEX-steel, hot-rolled nano-structured steel NANOHITEN. It has been shown that the main tendency in modern approach to engineering and manufacturing sheet steel used in automotive industry is to increase strength while maintaining formability characteristics, reducing the coefficient of normal plastic anisotropy (Lankford value ratio, as well as increasing srengthening at deformation. The advantages and disadvantages of the materials used in the automotive industry have been shown, as well as ways of their improving. The work represents a compilation of several publications. The materials can be used for developing a training course «Materials to be used in transport» within the framework of the International Project on reforming curricula TEMPUS «MMATENG»: «Two-stage Training Program for Engineering Materials Curriculum Modernization»

  18. Creative strategies of businesses with the holistic eigensolution in manufacturing industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zeichen, Gerfried; Huray, Paul G.

    1998-10-01

    It is a mission of this contribution to recognize and synthesize all the efforts in industry and in management science to strengthen our techniques and tools for successfully solving increasingly complex leadership problems in manufacturing industries. With the high standard of the work sharing method--the so called Taylorism principle--for cost efficient and mass production, invented at the beginning of the 20th century and the opening of the world market for global sales of goods and services a gigantic progress in living standards was reached. But at the beginning of the 21st century we are needing new ideas and methods for the guidance of overcoming increasing complexity. The holistic eigensolution presents a new operational framework for viewing and controlling the behavior of businesses. In contrast to the traditional process for viewing complex business systems through the intricate analysis of every part of that system, the authors have employed a technique used by physicists to understand the characteristic of `eigen' behaviors of complex physical systems. This method of systems analysis is achieved by observing interactions between the parts in a whole. This kind of analysis has a rigorous mathematical foundation in the physical world and it can be employed to understand most natural phenomena. Within a holistic framework, the observer is challenged to view the system form just the right perspective so that characteristic eigenmodes reveal themselves. The conclusion of the article describes why exactly the intelligent manufacturing science--especially in a broader sense--has the responsibility and chance to develop the holistic eigensolution framework as a Taylorism II-principle for the 21st century.

  19. Invited Review Article: Review of post-process optical form metrology for industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavroulakis, P I; Leach, R K

    2016-04-01

    The scope of this review is to investigate the main post-process optical form measurement technologies available in industry today and to determine whether they are applicable to industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts. An in-depth review of the operation of optical three-dimensional form measurement technologies applicable to metal additive manufacturing is presented, with a focus on their fundamental limitations. Looking into the future, some alternative candidate measurement technologies potentially applicable to metal additive manufacturing will be discussed, which either provide higher accuracy than currently available techniques but lack measurement volume, or inversely, which operate in the appropriate measurement volume but are not currently accurate enough to be used for industrial measurement.

  20. Invited Review Article: Review of post-process optical form metrology for industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stavroulakis, P. I.; Leach, R. K.

    2016-04-01

    The scope of this review is to investigate the main post-process optical form measurement technologies available in industry today and to determine whether they are applicable to industrial-grade metal additive manufactured parts. An in-depth review of the operation of optical three-dimensional form measurement technologies applicable to metal additive manufacturing is presented, with a focus on their fundamental limitations. Looking into the future, some alternative candidate measurement technologies potentially applicable to metal additive manufacturing will be discussed, which either provide higher accuracy than currently available techniques but lack measurement volume, or inversely, which operate in the appropriate measurement volume but are not currently accurate enough to be used for industrial measurement.

  1. 增值税转型对信息技术业机器设备投资的激励效应研究%A Study on the Incentive Effects of Value-added Tax Transformation on Machinery and Equipment Investment of Chinese IT Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王泽霞; 李兰

    2012-01-01

    Information technologies represent the development of advanced productive forces.Is Chinese VAT reform of 2009 able to stimulate an increase in machinery and equipment investment to promote IT industry technical progress? We subdivide IT enterprises into manufacturing enterprises and service enterprises according to the difference of capital structure.Conclusions are drawn by multiple linear regression analysis using data before and after the transformation that VAT transformation would help IT industry increase investment in fixed assets like machines and equipment.We also find that manufacturing enterprises with a relatively high capital composition have a bigger incentive than the service enterprises to invest in fixed assets.%信息技术代表先进生产力的发展方向。根据资本结构的不同将信息技术类企业细分为信息技术业制造类企业和服务类企业,利用转型前后相关数据,通过多元线性回归法分析表明:我国增值税转型有利于促进信息技术类企业增加机器设备类固定资产投资,且对资本构成相对高的信息技术业制造类企业的激励效应高于服务类企业。

  2. Occupational exposure to natural radioactivity in the zirconium mineral manufacturing industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ballesteros, L.; Zarza, I.; Ortiz, J.; Serradell, V. [Valencia Univ. Politecnica, Lab. de Radiactividad Ambiental (Spain)

    2006-07-01

    The spanish 'Real Decatur 783/2001', published as result of the adaptation of the European Council directive 96/29/EURATOM (B.S.S. directive), regulates in Spain the use of natural radioactive substances. This decree establishes the need to study and control those activities in which significant increases of the exposure of workers or members of the public could take place. One of these natural radioactive substances are zirconium minerals. They are widely employed in some industrial activities, such as the production of zirconia and zirconium chemicals, glazed ceramic products manufacture, refractories, foundry sands (including investment casting) and zirconium mineral manufacturing. Its major end uses are fine ceramics where it acts as an opacifier in glazes and enamels and also as an additive in special glass (i.e. TV glass). This paper provides a description of a measurement campaign carried out to estimate the risk of occupational exposure to natural radioactivity in the zirconium mineral manufacturing industries. Zirconium raw sands have generally a granular size of 100 to 200 {mu}m, which may be reduced to around 2 {mu}m for use in ceramics and paint applications by milling to flour. These sands contain varying concentrations of natural radionuclides: {sup 232}Th,{sup 235}U, and mostly {sup 238}U, together with their progenies. The first part of the study is to identify situations and areas where worker s are exposed to radiation. Five pathways of exposure were found: inhalation of dust, ingestion of dust, inhalation of radon, skin contamination and external irradiation. Samples from raw materials and from the environment at the work areas are performed; both where the zircon sands are unloaded and stored and at the milling area. Secondly, collected samples are analysed to evaluate activities on those natural radionuclides. Gamma spectrometry analysis is performed for the whole of the samples. For this purpose, a Ge-HP detector (high purity Ge

  3. Effects of Job Characteristics on Performance of Advanced Manufacturing Technology:an Empirical Examination to Equipment-manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DAI Dashuang; WANG Dongbo; SONG Jinbo

    2006-01-01

    Advanced manufacturing technology (AMT) is pivotal for firms to gain manufacturing performance and competitive advantage. Job characteristics, as a kind of important factors affecting the implementation effects of AMT, have become the focus in the field of academy. Based on a literature review, this study refines the implementation effects of AMT into operational performance, satisfaction and competitive performance, and reclassifies the job characteristics of AMT into job autonomy, job responsibility, job complexity and job significance. With a large sample of 307 equipment-manufacturing firms selected from the 2005 China International Equipment and Manufacturing Exposition, linear structural equation analysis (LIEREL) is performed to examine the relationships between job characteristics and the implementation effects of AMT. The results show that job responsibility and job significance have positive effects on satisfaction; satisfaction is positively correlated with operational performance; operational performance positively affects competitive performance. The findings provide the guide for firms to improve satisfaction, achieve higher operational performance and further gain higher competitive by reasonable job redesign.

  4. China construction machinery district brand strategy operation mode research based on industry gathering%基于产业集群的我国工程机械区域品牌战略运作模式研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    肖文金

    2011-01-01

    Region brand is the result of industrial cluster development and the embodiment of industrial cluster competitiveness.An important characteristic of our country Engineering mechanical industry development has formed the obvious industries clustering phenomenon,the industrial region competitive advantage starts to appear.How to make use of the current international and domestic favorable market environment of engineering machinery,establish our country engineering machinery regional brands,the strategic operating model is government guided,enterprise autonomy,trade managed,which could promote the regional brand strategy development of our country engineering machinery from the concept of regional brands,the government focus on support and services,strategic management and operational system,trade management,cluster innovation and diffusion,etc.%区域品牌是产业集群发展的产物,是产业集群核心竞争力的体现。我国工程机械产业发展的一个重要特点是形成了明显的产业集群现象,产业区域竞争优势开始显现。如何利用当前国际国内工程机械发展的有利市场环境,建立我国工程机械产业区域品牌,其战略运作模式是政府引导、企业自主、行业管理,可从区域品牌观念、政府重点扶持与服务、战略管理与营运体系、行业管理、集群创新与扩散等方面推进工程机械产业区域品牌战略模式实施。

  5. PREFACE: 2013 International Conference on Manufacturing, Optimization, Industrial and Material Engineering (MOIME 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lumban Gaol, Ford; Rizwan Hussain, Raja; Pandiangan, Tumpal; Desai, Amit

    2013-06-01

    Banner The 2013 International Conference on Manufacturing, Optimization, Industrial and Material Engineering (MOIME 2013), was held at the Grand Royal Panghegar Hotel, Bandung, Indonesia, from 9-10 March 2013. The MOIME 2013 conference brought together researchers, engineers and scientists in the field from around the world. MOIME 2013 aimed to promote interaction between the theoretical, experimental, and applied communities, so that a high level exchange was achieved in new and emerging areas within Material Engineering, Industrial Engineering and all areas that related to Optimization. We would like to express our sincere gratitude to all in the Technical Program Committee who reviewed the papers and developed a very interesting Conference Program as well as the invited and plenary speakers. This year, we received 103 papers and after rigorous review, 45 papers were accepted. The participants came from 16 countries. There were six Plenary and Invited Speakers. It is an honour to present this volume of IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering (MSE) and we deeply thank the authors for their enthusiastic and high-grade contribution. Finally, we would like to thank the conference chairmen, the members of the steering committee, the organizing committee, the organizing secretariat and the conference sponsors for the financial support that contributed to the success of MOIME 2013. The Editors of the MOIME 2013 Dr Ford Lumban Gaol Dr Raja Rizwan Hussain Tumpal Pandiangan Dr Amit Desai The PDF contains the abstracts from the plenary and invited articles and the workshop.

  6. UTILISATION OF BENCHMARKING TECHNIQUES FOR FUNDAMENTING DEVELOPMENT STRATEGIES IN THE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY IN ROMANIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geambasu Cristina Venera

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Benchmarking is a method used to measure the products, services and processes in comparison to an entity recognized as a leader in terms of performance of its operations. Used in the years 1970-1980 in the strategic management of the company currently has proven to be increasingly useful in many areas, including in international analysis models. In the European Union benchmarking indicators are used especially in the digital economy and as perspective indicators for 2011-2015 (Eurostat, Database. In the introduction we present and define forms of benchmarking, as well as a number of specific terms, which contribute to a better understanding of the content of this scientific work. Time series are used to highlight advances in labor productivity in EU countries, and the analysis is particularized for two countries: Romania and Germany. Quantitative data were collected from the source Eurostat website. A comprehensive indicator at macroeconomic level is resource productivity, representing GDP in relation with domestic consumption of material (DCM. DCM measures the amount of materials used directly by an economy. It is presented in tabular form for all European Union countries and Switzerland, as evolving over a period of eight years. Benchmarking method is used to highlight some differences (gaps between EU countries regarding productivity and particularly the one between Germany and Romania is highlighted, concerning the performance of manufacturing industries. It is expected that this gap will diminish. The gap was highlighted by relevant graphics and interpretations. The second part of the paper focuses on comparative analysis of factors productivity using the production function. We analyze labor and capital productivity and other factors that determine the level of production. For highlighting the contribution of the labour factor we used the number of hours worked, considering that it reflects the analyzed phenomenon more realistically. For

  7. Respiratory morbidity due to ammonia exposure among the employees of a urea manufacturing industry located in western part of India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naman Zala

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Ammonia is produced in the fertilizer industry. The amount of ammonia inhaled by employees of a urea manufacturing industry is very high. It would be interesting to study whether such an amount has any impact on the employees working there for many years. This study explores the magnitude of respiratory morbidity among employees of a urea manufacturing industry and to establish its association with exposure to ammonia. Data was collected related to significant respiratory illnesses of all the employees over a period of 10 years using computer-based medical record system of the industry′s hospital. The results obtained from the data analysis showed that there is no cause and effect relationship between exposure to ammonia and respiratory morbidity. Thus it was advised to the medical authority at industry to go for mass treatment with anthelmintics and that all the employees should be screened for specific allergens and this information should be used while managing respiratory morbidity.

  8. A CASE STUDY: EXPLORING INDUSTRIAL AGGLOMERATION OF MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN SHANGHAI USING DURANTON AND OVERMAN’S K-DENSITY FUNCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Tian

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available There has wide academic and policy attention on the issue of scale economy and industrial agglomeration, with most of the attention paid to industrial geography concentration. This paper adopted a scale-independent and distance-based measurement method, K-density function or known as Duranton and Overman (DO index, to study the manufacturing industries localization in Shanghai, which is the most representative economic development zone in China and East Asia. The result indicates the industry has a growing tendency of localization, and various spatial distribution patterns in different distances. Furthermore, the class of industry also show significant influence on the concentration pattern. Besides, the method has been coded and published on GeoCommerce, a visualization and analysis portal for industrial big data, to provide geoprocessing and spatial decision support.

  9. Greenhouse gas emissions from production chain of a cigarette manufacturing industry in Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hussain, Majid; Zaidi, Syed Mujtaba Hasnian; Malik, Riffat Naseem; Sharma, Benktesh Dash

    2014-10-01

    This study quantified greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from the Pakistan Tobacco Company (PTC) production using a life cycle approach. The PTC production chain comprises of two phases: agricultural activities (Phase I) and industrial activities (Phase II). Data related to agricultural and industrial activities of PTC production chain were collected through questionnaire survey from tobacco growers and records from PTC manufacturing units. The results showed that total GHG emissions from PTC production chain were 44,965, 42,875, and 43,839 tCO2e respectively in 2009, 2010, and 2011. Among the agricultural activities, firewood burning for tobacco curing accounted for about 3117, 3565, and 3264 tCO2e, fertilizer application accounted for 754, 3251, and 4761 tCO2e in 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. Among the industrial activities, fossil fuels consumption in stationary sources accounted for 15,582, 12,733, and 13,203 tCO2e, fossil fuels used in mobile sources contributed to 2693, 3038, and 3260 tCO2e, and purchased electricity consumed resulted in 15,177, 13,556, and 11,380 tCO2e in 2009, 2010, and 2011, respectively. The GHG emissions related to the transportation of raw materials and processed tobacco amounted to 6800, 6301, and 7317 respectively in 2009, 2010, and 2011. GHG emissions from energy use in the industrial activities constituted the largest emissions (i.e., over 80%) of GHG emissions as PTC relies on fossil fuels and fossil fuel based electrical power in industrial processes. The total emissions of carbon footprint (CFP) from PTC production were 0.647 tCO2e per million cigarettes produced in 2009, 0.675 tCO2e per million cigarettes in 2010 and 0.59 tCO2e per million cigarettes in 2011. Potential strategies for GHG emissions reductions for PTC production chain include energy efficiency, reducing reliance on fossil fuels in non-mobile sources, adoption of renewable fuels including solar energy, energy from crop residues, and promotion of organic

  10. 集群成长:我国木工机械产业发展转型升级的思考%Cluster Growth:Reflection on the Transformation and Upgrade of China’s Woodworking Machinery Industrial Development

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王兆君

    2013-01-01

      我国木工机械产业目前正处在“转方式,调结构”的关键时期,集群发展是其转型升级的必由之路。在对产业集群概念、特征及其成长模式和成长动力机制等一般理论进行阐述的基础上,对我国木工产业集群发展的现状和存在的问题进行了系统分析,并据此提出了我国木工机械产业集群未来发展的思路和对策。%Currently, China’s woodworking machinery industry is in a critical period of“mode switching and restructuring”and cluster development is the only way for its transformation and upgrade. Based on the description of the concept, features, growth mode and general growth power mechanism theory of industrial clusters, systematic analysis of the planning for and problems with China’s woodworking industrial clusters is made, based on which the thoughts about and measures for the future development of China’s woodworking machinery industrial clusters are presented.

  11. Benefits Down Evidently while Export Grew Slowly The Analysis of Economic Performance of China’s Textile Machinery Industry from Jan. to Oct. 2008 (Part B)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    According to the latest statistics released by China TextileMachinery & Accessories Association(CTMA),the export value offoreign-funded enterprises from Jan.to Oct.2008,reached 0.502billion US dollars,a year-on-year increase of 0.08 percent.

  12. 机械制造企业内审的实施方法和效用%The method and effectiveness of implementation of internal audit in machinery manufacturing enterprises

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈秀华; 李秋艳

    2014-01-01

    文章探讨了内审的实施方法和效用,以某机床厂为例说明,在企业内审中培养合格的内审员队伍,做好年度内审方案,制定内审员审核计划时的关注点,按计划实施内审以及采取纠正和预防,寻求更好的质量改进以达到实现满足顾客要求,生产合格的产品、提高工厂经济效益的效用。%This paper discusses the methods and effectiveness of the implementation of internal audit exampled in a machinery manu-facturing enterprises,raises the concerns of training qualified internal auditors by working out the internal audit program and plan,ex-plains how to implement the internal audit in time and take corrective and preventive action to seek better quality improvement,meet customers’requirements and improve the economic benefits of the enterprise.

  13. The optimal parameter design for a welding unit of manufacturing industry by Taguchi method and computer simulation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zahraee, S.M.; Chegeni, A.; Toghtamish, A.

    2016-07-01

    Manufacturing systems include a complicated combination of resources, such as materials, labors, and machines. Hence, when the manufacturing systems are faced with a problem related to the availability of resources it is difficult to identify the root of the problem accurately and effectively. Managers and engineers in companies are trying to achieve a robust production line based on the maximum productivity. The main goal of this paper is to design a robust production line, taking productivity into account in the selected manufacturing industry. This paper presents the application of Taguchi method along with computer simulation for finding an optimum factor setting for three controllable factors, which are a number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines by analyzing the effect of noise factors in a selected manufacturing industry. Based on the final results, the optimal design parameter of welding unit of in the selected manufacturing industry will be obtained when factor A is located at level 2 and B and C are located at level 1. Therefore, maximum productive desirability is achieved when the number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines is equal to 17, 2, and 1, respectively. This paper has a significant role in designing a robust production line by considering the lowest cost and timely manner based on the Taguchi method. (Author)

  14. The optimal parameter design for a welding unit of manufacturing industry by Taguchi method and computer simulation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyed Mojib Zahraee

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Manufacturing systems include a complicated combination of resources, such as materials, labors, and machines. Hence, when the manufacturing systems are faced with a problem related to the availability of resources it is difficult to identify the root of the problem accurately and effectively. Managers and engineers in companies are trying to achieve a robust production line based on the maximum productivity. The main goal of this paper is to design a robust production line, taking productivity into account in the selected manufacturing industry. Design/methodology/approach: This paper presents the application of Taguchi method along with computer simulation for finding an optimum factor setting for three controllable factors, which are a number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines by analyzing the effect of noise factors in a selected manufacturing industry. Findings and Originality/value: Based on the final results, the optimal design parameter of welding unit of in the selected manufacturing industry will be obtained when factor A is located at level 2 and B and C are located at level 1. Therefore, maximum productive desirability is achieved when the number of welding machines, hydraulic machines, and cutting machines is equal to 17, 2, and 1, respectively. This paper has a significant role in designing a robust production line by considering the lowest cost and timely manner based on the Taguchi method.

  15. Job Rotation Designed to Prevent Musculoskeletal Disorders and Control Risk in Manufacturing Industries: A Systematic Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padula, Rosimeire Simprini; Comper, Maria Luiza Caires; Sparer, Emily H.; Dennerlein, Jack T

    2017-01-01

    To better understand job rotation in the manufacturing industry, we completed a systematic review asking the following questions: 1) How do job-rotation programs impact work-related musculoskeletal disorders (MSDs) and related risk control for these MSDs, as well as psychosocial factors? and 2) How best should the job rotation programs be designed? We searched MEDLINE, EMBASE, Business Source Premier, ISI Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, PsyINFO, Scopus, and SciELO databases for articles published in peer-reviewed journals. Eligible studies were examined by two independent reviewers for relevance (population of manufacturing workers, outcomes of musculoskeletal disease, physical factors, psychosocial factors, and strategies used in job-rotation implantation) and methodological quality rating. From 10,809 potential articles, 71 were read for full text analysis. Of the 14 studies included for data extraction, two were non-randomized control trial studies, one was a case-control study, and 11 were cross-sectional comparisons. Only one, with a case-control design, was scored with good methodological quality. Currently, weak evidence exists supporting job rotation as a strategy for the prevention and control of musculoskeletal disorders. Job rotation did not appear to reduce the exposure of physical risk factors; yet, there are positive correlations between job rotation and higher job satisfaction. Worker training has been described as a crucial component of a successful job-rotation program. The studies reported a range of parameters used to implement and measure job-rotation programs. More rigorous studies are needed to better understand the full impact of job rotation on production and health. PMID:27633235

  16. Case Study on Lean Manufacturing System Implementation in Batch Printing Industry Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tang Saihong

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lean Manufacturing is a popular tool to be implemented in printing industry fields for the purpose of achieving the successful production goals and it is a well-organized method used to eliminate the waste or non-value added activities. Lean Manufacturing consists of several tools like 5S, TPM, Kanban, Kaizen and others. In this paper, the researcher is focus on TPM (Total Productive Maintenance. TPM is a concept used for maintaining plants and equipment with the involvement of all employees in the company in order to increase the overall equipment effectiveness (OEE. In this paper, the researcher will identify the problem faced in company’s production line and then implement lean tools in order to improve the productivity. Afterward, the researcher will carry out time study on company’s production line. The purpose of time study is to getting the result for OEE and the time taken for producing one piece of product. The researcher is then designed and suggested one-piece flow system to the management with showing the result on simulation that getting improvement in productivity. The result was simulated by using Flexsim and shows that 7.59 seconds was saved in producing one piece of calendar. At the end, the result shows that OEE increase from 34.3% to 60% and the company total save around 6 hours per month by implement one-piece flow. At last, by verifying the distribution of collected data, the researcher will perform Anderson Darling Normality test to ensure the distribution of data are normal.

  17. Make or buy decisions in and levels of logistics outsourcing: an empirical analysis in the food manufacturing industry

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hsin-I Hsiao, L.; Kemp, R.G.M.; Vorst, van der J.G.A.J.; Omta, S.W.F.

    2009-01-01

    The objective of this paper is to study the determinants of outsourcing of different levels of logistics activities in the food manufacturing industry. In our research, four different levels of logistics activities were examined: (1st level) transportation, (2nd level) packaging, (3rd level) transpo

  18. The impact of innovation support programmes on SME innovation in traditional manufacturing industries: an evaluation for seven EU regions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Radicic, D.; Pugh, G.; Hollanders, H.J.G.M.; Wintjes, R.J.M.

    2014-01-01

    This study investigates the impact of innovation support programmes on SME innovation in traditional manufacturing industries in seven EU regions. Recent literature identifying sources of potential government failure in innovation policy suggests that the effects of public support measures to increa

  19. BARRIERS TO THE USE OF RADIATION-CURABLE ADHESIVES IN THE COATED AND LAMINATED SUBSTRATE MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY

    Science.gov (United States)

    The paper gives results of an investigation of barriers to the use of radiation-cured technology in the coated and laminated substrate manufacturing industry. t presents information gathered from radiation-curable coating and equipment suppliers as well as technical publications....

  20. The Integration of Technology and Management in the Competitiveness of the United States Short Staple Yarn Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suvalee T. Tangboonritruthai

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research was to investigate whether a balance of technology and management could be used in order to sustain a viable United States (US short staple yarn production industry. The methodology used in this study consisted of primary research comprising two phases. The first phase consisted of interviews with industry executives in order to find out what US yarn manufacturers think are the important factors in maintaining a competitive yarn industry. The second phase was an online survey with industry customers in order to find out why weavers and knitters buy from US manufacturers. Results reveal that US manufacturers have competitive advantages over other countries because of skill level of workforce, variety of products offered, customer relationships, innovation and technology, and product quality. In order to keep these competitive advantages, “technology” and “management” strategies should be implemented. Results also reveal the areas in which the US yarn manufacturers should focus their resources in order to stay competitive or indeed survive.

  1. Environmental and risk screening for prioritizing pollution prevention opportunities in the U.S. printed wiring board manufacturing industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lam, Carl W; Lim, Seong-Rin; Schoenung, Julie M

    2011-05-15

    Modern manufacturing of printed wiring boards (PWBs) involves extensive use of various hazardous chemicals in different manufacturing steps such as board preparation, circuit design transfer, etching and plating processes. Two complementary environmental screening methods developed by the U.S. EPA, namely: (i) the Tool for the Reduction and Assessment of Chemical and Other Environmental Impacts (TRACI) and (ii) Risk-Screening Environmental Indicators (RSEI), are used to quantify geographic and chemical environmental impacts in the U.S. PWB manufacturing industry based on Toxics Release Inventory (TRI) data. Although the release weight percentages of industrial chemicals such as methanol, glycol ethers and dimethylformamide comprise the larger fraction of reported air and water emissions, results indicate that lead, copper and their compounds' releases correspond to the highest environmental impact from toxicity potentials and risk-screening scores. Combining these results with further knowledge of PWB manufacturing, select alternative chemical processes and materials for pollution prevention are discussed. Examples of effective pollution prevention options in the PWB industry include spent etchant recovery technologies, and process and material substitutions. In addition, geographic assessment of environmental burden highlights states where promotion of pollution prevention strategies and emissions regulations can have the greatest effect to curb the PWB industry's toxic release impacts.

  2. 78 FR 19495 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Scale-Up and Post-Approval Changes: Manufacturing Equipment...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-04-01

    ... HUMAN SERVICES Food and Drug Administration Draft Guidance for Industry on Scale-Up and Post-Approval...: Notice. SUMMARY: The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) is announcing the availability of a scale-up and... Oral Dosage Forms--Scale-Up and Post-Approval Changes: Chemistry, Manufacturing and Controls, In Vitro...

  3. Systematic review of the application of quality improvement methodologies from the manufacturing industry to surgical healthcare.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolay, C R; Purkayastha, S; Greenhalgh, A; Benn, J; Chaturvedi, S; Phillips, N; Darzi, A

    2012-03-01

    The demand for the highest-quality patient care coupled with pressure on funding has led to the increasing use of quality improvement (QI) methodologies from the manufacturing industry. The aim of this systematic review was to identify and evaluate the application and effectiveness of these QI methodologies to the field of surgery. MEDLINE, the Cochrane Database, Allied and Complementary Medicine Database, British Nursing Index, Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature, Embase, Health Business(™) Elite, the Health Management Information Consortium and PsycINFO(®) were searched according to the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses statement. Empirical studies were included that implemented a described QI methodology to surgical care and analysed a named outcome statistically. Some 34 of 1595 articles identified met the inclusion criteria after consensus from two independent investigators. Nine studies described continuous quality improvement (CQI), five Six Sigma, five total quality management (TQM), five plan-do-study-act (PDSA) or plan-do-check-act (PDCA) cycles, five statistical process control (SPC) or statistical quality control (SQC), four Lean and one Lean Six Sigma; 20 of the studies were undertaken in the USA. The most common aims were to reduce complications or improve outcomes (11), to reduce infection (7), and to reduce theatre delays (7). There was one randomized controlled trial. QI methodologies from industry can have significant effects on improving surgical care, from reducing infection rates to increasing operating room efficiency. The evidence is generally of suboptimal quality, and rigorous randomized multicentre studies are needed to bring evidence-based management into the same league as evidence-based medicine. Copyright © 2011 British Journal of Surgery Society Ltd. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  4. Fuel efficient,environmental protection,green manufacturing The orientation of China's auto industry--experts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    Green manufacturing is a new way out for the auto industry—ZHAO Hang, president of CATARC The green manufacturing means a lot, in terms of the manufacturing process, material and techniques. China spares no efforts to producing vehicles and it will

  5. Manufacturing Improvement Program for the Oil and Gas Industry Supply Chain and Marketing Cluster

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Taylor, Robert [Oklahoma State Univ., Stillwater, OK (United States)

    2016-09-28

    This project supported upgrades for manufacturing companies in the oil and natural gas supply chain in Oklahoma. The goal is to provide assistance that will lead to the improved efficiency advancement of the manufacturing processes currently used by the existing manufacturing clients. The basis for the work is to improve the economic environment for the clients and the communities they serve.

  6. ORC technology for waste-wood to energy conversion in the furniture manufacturing industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moro Riccardo

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Exploitation of low and medium temperature thermal sources, in particular those based on biomass combustion and on industrial residual heat recovery, has been increasingly investigated in the last decades, accordingly to the growing interest towards reduction in primary energy consumption and environmental issues. Organic Rankine cycle technology allows designing power plants that are less demanding in terms of auxiliaries, safety systems, maintenance and operating costs when compared to conventional water steam power plants. To support the preliminary technical and economic design of this kind of plants in different contexts, a simulation code of part load and off-design operation of an organic Rankine cycle unit for combined heat and power has been developed. In the paper, taking the real situation of a furniture manufacturing factory as a starting point, it is shown how all energy flows occurring all year long inside the combined heat and power plant, can be estimated on the basis of the thermal user duty time profile, the available biomass flow rate and the adopted operation strategy. This information is the basis in order to correctly evaluate the energetic, economic and environmental advantages of the proposed technical solution, with respect to a particular context, as it is shown in the concluding part of the paper.

  7. Microbubble enhanced ozonation process for advanced treatment of wastewater produced in acrylic fiber manufacturing industry

    KAUST Repository

    Zheng, Tianlong

    2015-02-02

    This work investigated microbubble-ozonation for the treatment of a refractory wet-spun acrylic fiber wastewater in comparison to macrobubble-ozonation. CODcr, NH3-N, and UV254 of the wastewater were removed by 42%, 21%, and 42%, respectively in the microbubble-ozonation, being 25%, 9%, and 35% higher than the removal rates achieved by macrobubble-ozonation at the same ozone dose. The microbubbles (with average diameter of 45μm) had a high concentration of 3.9×105 counts/mL at a gas flow rate of 0.5L/min. The gas holdup, total ozone mass-transfer coefficient, and average ozone utilization efficiency in the microbubble-ozonation were 6.6, 2.2, and 1.5 times higher than those of the macrobubble-ozonation. Greater generation of hydroxyl radicals and a higher zeta potential of the bubbles were also observed in the microbubble ozonation process. The biodegradability of the wastewater was also significantly improved by microbubble-ozonation, which was ascribed to the enhanced degradation of alkanes, aromatic compounds, and the many other bio-refractory organic compounds in the wastewater. Microbubble-ozonation can thus be a more effective treatment process than traditional macrobubble-ozonation for refractory wastewater produced by the acrylic fiber manufacturing industry.

  8. Influence of Big Data on Manufacturing Industry and Strategies of Enterprises: A Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zhao Zhao

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Along with the rapid development of information technologies, such as cloud computing, mobile internet and internet of things, and the promotion of IT application, all kinds of data are generated and accumulated rapidly in various ways, big data era is coming, in which enterprises are faced with both opportunities and unprecedented challenges. Various processes, from decision making to operation and from designing to marketing, are being influenced by big data in manufacturing industry. This paper, according to the nature and features of big data, analyzes and extends a classical model of organizational change, Leavitt’s model of organizational change, in order to explore the ways for enterprises to cope with challenges and seize chances of development in big data era. Then, using the extended Leavitt’s model, opportunities and challenges derive from big data are combed, and approaches to making use of big data and coping with big data are generalized from five perspectives, including task, structure, people, technology and environment.

  9. Ethical, environmental and social issues for machine vision in manufacturing industry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Batchelor, Bruce G.; Whelan, Paul F.

    1995-10-01

    Some of the ethical, environmental and social issues relating to the design and use of machine vision systems in manufacturing industry are highlighted. The authors' aim is to emphasize some of the more important issues, and raise general awareness of the need to consider the potential advantages and hazards of machine vision technology. However, in a short article like this, it is impossible to cover the subject comprehensively. This paper should therefore be seen as a discussion document, which it is hoped will provoke more detailed consideration of these very important issues. It follows from an article presented at last year's workshop. Five major topics are discussed: (1) The impact of machine vision systems on the environment; (2) The implications of machine vision for product and factory safety, the health and well-being of employees; (3) The importance of intellectual integrity in a field requiring a careful balance of advanced ideas and technologies; (4) Commercial and managerial integrity; and (5) The impact of machine visions technology on employment prospects, particularly for people with low skill levels.

  10. A Concept of Water Usage Efficiency to Support Water Reduction in Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Madhu Sachidananda

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Increasing pressures on freshwater supplies, continuity of supply uncertainties, and costs linked to legislative compliance, such as for wastewater treatment, are driving water use reduction up the agenda of manufacturing businesses. A survey is presented of current analysis methods and tools generally available to industry to analyze environmental impact of, and to manage, water use. These include life cycle analysis, water footprinting, strategic planning, water auditing, and process integration. It is identified that the methods surveyed do not provide insight into the operational requirements from individual process steps for water, instead taking such requirements as a given. We argue that such understanding is required for a proactive approach to long-term water usage reduction, in which sustainability is taken into account at the design stage for both process and product. As a first step to achieving this, we propose a concept of water usage efficiency which can be used to evaluate current and proposed processes and products. Three measures of efficiency are defined, supported by a framework of a detailed categorization and representation of water flows within a production system. The calculation of the efficiency measures is illustrated using the example of a tomato sauce production line. Finally, the elements required to create a useable tool based on the efficiency measures are discussed.

  11. Reparatory and Manufacturing Hard-Facing of Working Parts Made of Stainless Steels in Confectionary Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. Rakic

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, for the sake of improving the reparatory hard-facing technology is especially analyzed reparatory hard-facing of tools for manufacturing compressed products in confectionary industry. Those products are being made of a mixture consisting of several powdery components, which is compressed under high pressure. In that way the connection between particles is realized, thus achieving certain hardness and strength of the confectionary product. The considered tool is made of high-alloyed stainless steel. The tool contains 30 identical working places. Besides the production process wear, on those tools, from time to time, appear mechanical damage on some of the products' shape punches, as cracks at the edges, where the products' final shapes are formed. Those damages are small, size wise, but they cause strong effect on the products' final shape. The aggravating circumstance is that the shape punch is extremely loaded in pressure, thus after the reparatory hard-facing, the additional heat treatment is necessary. Mechanical properties in the heat affected zone (HAZ are being leveled by annealing and what also partially reduces the residual internal stresses.

  12. Determining Technological Innovation and Competitiveness: A Cross Organizational Analysis of the Malaysian Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amlus Ibrahim

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This study analyzed the determinants of technological innovation in the Malaysian manufacturing industry. Its main purpose is to identify a set of management- related variables characterizing Malaysian innovative firms. Moreover, the study aimed to test whether the set of determinant differs for firms with different technological trajectories. A sample of 204 Malaysian firms was used for the investigation, with one respondent from each firm. The questionnaire measured the technological innovation, as well as 5 main potential determinants of innovation adopted from literature. Statistical analysis used, including bivariate correlation and multivariate regression, in identifying association between the technological innovation and the determining variables. The results of the analysis lead the researcher to the model of 5 important determining factors of technological innovation. The important factors were intensity of R&D, trvhnoogical trajectories,intensity of marketing, engineers, scientist and managers with experience locally and technical competency of personnel,. The analysis of technological trajectories confirmed the hypotheses that set of important determinants of innovation as well as the extent of technological innovation differs for firms in different innovation processes.Keywords: Technologies trajectories, technological innovation, intensity of R&D.

  13. El reto del crecimiento económico en México: industrias manufactureras y política industrial /The challenge of economic growth in Mexico. Manufacturing industries and industrial policy/O desafio do crescimento econômico no México: indústrias manufatureiras e política industrial

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Isaac Leobardo Sánchez Juárez; Juan Carlos Moreno Brid

    2016-01-01

    .... It is argued that the manufacturing industries are the engine of economic growth. In this sense, it is assumed that one of them main causes of low growth in Mexico is the insufficient dynamic of the manufacturers...

  14. Sustaining Competitiveness: Moving Towards Upstream Manufacturing in Specialized-Market-Based Clusters in the Chinese Toy Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Huasheng Zhu

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Western industrial cluster literature pays little attention to specialized markets (SMs and the geographical agglomeration of distributors or sale agencies (SAs. This paper takes Linyin, Shandong, a famous commodity city in Northeastern China, as an example, to discuss the determinants that make SAs in SMs of the toy industry move towards upstream manufacturing. A structured questionnaire survey and subsequent interviews were carried out during 2011 and 2012 to collect data, and a Binary Logistic Regression Model was used to process the data. This paper looks from the perspective of global production networks theory, establishes an analytical framework that combines individual motivations of intra-firm coordination, local inter-firm relationships and dynamic cross-regional level relationships. The findings indicate that the expansion of SAs towards manufacturing allows them to sustain competitiveness under changing circumstances. The local inter-firm relationships within SM-based clusters not only makes it easy to obtain material and human resources with lower manufacturing costs, but also facilitates the access to production knowledge and technologies for an expansion of production scale. Cross-regional relationships with suppliers provide an informal channel for SAs to obtain skills, which is fundamental for an expansion into manufacturing. In addition, it is a preference for strengthening competitiveness rather than the simple pursuit of economic profit that encourages SAs to invest in manufacturing.

  15. Comparing of Employees Motivation Level in Enterprises of Wood Working Industry with other Manufacturing Enterprises in Slovak Republic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miloš Hitka

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available This paper is focused on the area of motivation and motivational programs for employees in the wood industry and in other manufacturing enterprises (engineering, food, chemical and textile. The main objective of this paper is to compare the motivation of employees within manufacturing companies of various categories. We analyzed the current state of motivation of employees within manufacturing companies throughout Slovakia. The analysis was made of 21 enterprises with 2 576 employees in different job positions. The order of importance was made for 30 selected motivational factors in wood industry and other manufacturing enterprises. The evaluation of statistical correlation between the two compared groups was made by use of the Spearman correlation coefficient, by which statistical dependence was defined between the category of workers and the category of technical-economic employees. The results show fundamental difference of the importance of motivational factors within technical and marketing staff of woodworking companies and other manufacturing companies. In the category of workers, diversity of the importance of motivational factors is less signifi cant. Our analysis showed that in a long period of time all employees keep their motivation at a constant level.

  16. The trend of German packaging machinery design%德国包装机械设计趋势

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2005-01-01

    Germany, the US, Japan and Italy are among the world big packaging machinery countries. The German packaging machinery takes the lead in the fields of design, manufacture and technical performance. German packaging machinery valued at Euro 3.4 billion in 2002.70%of the European packaging machinery is made by Germany. Germany exports 77% packaging machinery; amounting to 29% of the export market of the world packaging machinery.

  17. Textile Machinery Import and Export in 2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Along with the rebounded international market, in the year of 2011, the foreign trade of textile machinery industry preserved a stable development: the import amount saw a slightly decrease, while the total import and export value kept an increasing trend. According to the Customs, the export and import of textile machinery totalized 2.245 billion USD and 5.364 billion USD, increasing by 27.81% and 24.70%, respectively, comparing with the same period of time in 2010.

  18. Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunil Luthra

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose – The study aims to identify and rank the major strategies that help achieve successful implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM in Indian manufacturing industry.Design/methodology/approach – Strategies to implement GSCM have been identified thorough extensive literature review and then experts’ opinion is sought for categorizing them into four representative dimensions which are then ranked using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP.Findings – The study categorizes the GSCM implementation strategies into four dimensions - Non members of supply chain, downward stream supply chain Members, Organizational members of supply chain and upward stream supply chain members. These dimensions are found to play an important role in greening the supply chains enabling the practicing firms achieve enhanced operational performances.Research limitations/implications- AHP is used for ranking the GSCM implementation strategies in Indian manufacturing scenario. The pair-wise comparisons are made on the basis of the opinion of the experts drawn from academia and industry. As is natural, opinions of experts may not always be free from bias or prejudices. Moreover, the study relied more on the GSCM practices literature in developed nations as only limited literature related to the undertaken work in the Indian context was available.Practical implications – This paper may play important role in understanding various strategies and ranking them in order of importance. This facilitates firms prioritize different actions for achieving high GSCM performances in Indian manufacturing industry. Strategic implementation of green supply chain management will help Indian manufacturing enterprises enjoy cost and efficiency benefits.Originality/value – GSCM is a relatively new topic for majority of Indian manufacturing industries. This work is likely to help GSCM practitioners select suitable strategies in consonance with the government regulations

  19. ITALIAN TEXTILE MACHINERY WORKSHOP IN SUZHOU(CHINA)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The Association of Italian Textile Machinery Manufacturers (ACIMIT)and the Italian Trade Commission(ICE)held a technical workshop on Italian textile machinery for the production of technical textiles and nonwovens in China.The workshop occurred in Suzhou(Juangsu Province),on May 24th-25th,2007.

  20. Statistical Analyses and Modeling of the Implementation of Agile Manufacturing Tactics in Industrial Firms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad D. AL-Tahat

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper provides a review and introduction on agile manufacturing. Tactics of agile manufacturing are mapped into different production areas (eight-construct latent: manufacturing equipment and technology, processes technology and know-how, quality and productivity improvement, production planning and control, shop floor management, product design and development, supplier relationship management, and customer relationship management. The implementation level of agile manufacturing tactics is investigated in each area. A structural equation model is proposed. Hypotheses are formulated. Feedback from 456 firms is collected using five-point-Likert-scale questionnaire. Statistical analysis is carried out using IBM SPSS and AMOS. Multicollinearity, content validity, consistency, construct validity, ANOVA analysis, and relationships between agile components are tested. The results of this study prove that the agile manufacturing tactics have positive effect on the overall agility level. This conclusion can be used by manufacturing firms to manage challenges when trying to be agile.

  1. 信息服务业支撑制造业发展策略研究%Strategy Research on Information Service Industry with Manufacturing Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    尹晓倩; 辛勇飞; 肖荣美

    2015-01-01

    中国共产党第十七次全国代表大会强调我国要大力推进信息化与工业化融合,中国共产党第十八次全国代表大会报告在论述“四化”同步发展时,首先提出要“推动信息化和工业化深度融合”,国务院印发的《中国制造2025》明确提出打造具有国际竞争力的制造业。本文正是基于“两化”融合的视角,以实现国际一流制造业水平为发展目标,分析信息服务业在制造业和价值链上各环节的支撑情况,通过案例分析和企业调研等考察提出在融合发展过程中面临的信息基础设施薄弱、企业创新意识落后等诸多问题及挑战,据此提出面向制造业发展的信息服务业的发展策略。%The 17th CPC National Congress stressed that great efforts should be made to promote the integration of informatization and industrialization. The report of the 18th CPC National Congress supposed that efforts should be made to promote ‘the integration of information technology (IT) application and industrialization’ during its elaboration of the harmonious development of the harmonized development of industrialization, IT application, urbanization and agricultural modernization. Recently, the State Council has released“Made in China 2025” which puts forward in building an internationally competitive manufacturing industry. This paper analyzes the supporting role of the information service industry at all links of the value chain of the manufacturing industry from the perspective of integration of informatization and industrialization, and with the goal of development of ifrst-class manufacturing industry in the world. It points that the weakness of information infrastructure and the lack of innovation awareness are the problems and challenges in the integration process through case studies and company surveys. Based on the results, it also gives the suggestion to develop manufacture-oriented information service

  2. Implementation Of ISO 9000 Quality Management System Within The Manufacturing And Service Industry Of Ivory Coast

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Borget Alfred Anoye

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The objective of this paper was to present the factors that impede the implementation of ISO 9000 QMS within the manufacturing and service Industry of Ivory Coast. It wasnt the intention of the author to provide detailed strategies for the readers to implement ISO 9000. It was an effort to present the relationship if any between the lack of ISO 9000 adoption and the perception of Ivoirians business organization leaders. For that purpose five research questions were associated with this study. The population for this study was all non-ISO certified business organizations in both public and private sector and was physically located in Ivory Coast. The population sample for this study was the 5044 members of the Chambre de Commerce et dIndustrie de Cote dIvoire CCI from which the author utilized the sample size of 60 business organizations randomly selected. This study utilized a survey questionnaire of face to face interview as data collection method. The survey questionnaire contained thirty three 33 questions organized in six parts and was proposed to 60 business organizations leaders. The result showed that business organization leaders in Ivory Coast were aware of the ISO 900 QMS but do not have enough knowledge on the ISO 9000 QMS implementation and certification. This could be due to the poor job done by CODIMORM the local national bureau of standards as a source of information. However it was found that business organization leaders in Ivory Coast intended to pursue and obtain ISO 9000 QMS certification. With respect to perceived benefits they indicated customer satisfaction improvement as the most important benefit that ISO 9000 QMS certification could bring to their general management activities. With respect to perceived improvements they selected quality of productsservices as the most important improvement that ISO 9000 QMS implementation and certification could help to achieve. Overall business organization leaders in Ivory

  3. Manufacturing of complex high strength components out of high nitrogen steels at industrial level

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hannes NONEDER; Marion MERKLEIN

    2012-01-01

    High performance components,e.g.,fasteners,nowadays are usually made out of cold forged and heat treated steels like steel 1.5525 (20MnB4).To overcome the problems of heat treatment,e.g.,low surface quality,new workpiece materials for cold forging should be found to achieve the needlessness of heat treatment after cold forging.One possible material is given by high nitrogen steels like steel 1.3815 (X8CrMnN19-19).Due to the high strain hardening of these materials the process and tool design for an industrial batch process are challenging and should be conducted by FE-simulation.The numerical results show that,high strength tool materials,like PM-steels or cemented carbides,in most cases,are inevitable.Additionally to the selection of suitable tool materials,the tool layout should be developed further to achieve a high loadability of the tools.The FE-models,used for process and tool design,are validated with respect to the materials' flow and occurring forming force to assure a proper design process.Also the comparison of strength of components made out of steel 1.5525 in quenched and tempered conditions and steel 1.3815 in strain hardened condition is done.The results show that the component made of steel 1.3815 has a significantly higher strength than the component made of steel 1.5525.This shows that by the use of high nitrogen steels a high performance component can be manufactured by cold forging.

  4. [The application of two occupation health risk assessment models in a wooden furniture manufacturing industry].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, A H; Leng, P B; Bian, G L; Li, X H; Mao, G C; Zhang, M B

    2016-10-20

    Objective: To explore the applicability of 2 different models of occupational health risk assessment in wooden furniture manufacturing industry. Methods: American EPA inhalation risk model and ICMM model of occupational health risk assessment were conducted to assess occupational health risk in a small wooden furniture enterprises, respectively. Results: There was poor protective measure and equipment of occupational disease in the plant. The concentration of wood dust in the air of two workshops was over occupational exposure limit (OEL) , and the CTWA was 8.9 mg/m(3) and 3.6 mg/m(3), respectively. According to EPA model, the workers who exposed to benzene in this plant had high risk (9.7×10(-6) ~34.3×10(-6)) of leukemia, and who exposed to formaldehyde had high risk (11.4 × 10(-6)) of squamous cell carcinoma. There were inconsistent evaluation results using the ICMM tools of standard-based matrix and calculated risk rating. There were very high risks to be attacked by rhinocarcinoma of the workers who exposed to wood dust for the tool of calculated risk rating, while high risk for the tool of standard-based matrix. For the workers who exposed to noise, risk of noise-induced deafness was unacceptable and medium risk using two tools, respectively. Conclusion: Both EPA model and ICMM model can appropriately predict and assessthe occupational health risk in wooden furniture manufactory, ICMM due to the relatively simple operation, easy evaluation parameters, assessment of occupational- disease-inductive factors comprehensively, and more suitable for wooden furniture production enterprise.

  5. Ethylene oxide sterilization in the medical-supply manufacturing industry: assessment and control of worker exposure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chien, Yeh-Chung; Liu, Hung-Hsin; Lin, Yi-Chang; Su, Po-Chi; Li, Lien-Hsiung; Chang, Cheng-Ping; Tang, Da-Toung; Chen, Chang-Yuh

    2007-11-01

    In 2005, the Taiwan Institute of Occupational Safety and Health started an on-site consulting program for the medical supplies manufacturing industry, which use ethylene oxide (EO) as a sterilant, with the goal of enhancing occupational hygiene practices and controlling EO-related risks. This study presents EO exposure assessment results and examines the effectiveness of control measures. Detailed surveys, including exposure monitoring, were conducted at 10 factories. Airborne EO was collected using an HBr-coated charcoal tube and analyzed using GC/MS. Sterilizer operators had an average short-term EO exposure level of 27.61 ppm during unloading; mean time-weighted average workshift exposure was 7.35 ppm. High EO concentrations were also present throughout the facilities. Specifically, mean EO concentrations in the aeration area, near the sterilizer and in the warehouse were 10.19, 5.75, and 8.78 ppm, respectively. These findings indicate that immediate controls are needed, and that EO emissions from sterilized products during storage cannot be overlooked. Worker short-term exposures during unloading was inversely correlated (p < 0.05) with the numbers of poststerilization purge cycle applied. The specific controls implemented and their usefulness is discussed. Increasing the number of poststerilization purge cycles is a simple approach to eliminating extremely high exposure during unloading. Improvements to ventilation, particularly in the aeration area and warehouse, were also effective in minimizing worker exposures. Use of effective respirator is recommended until the EO exposure levels, averaging 3.41 ppm after the controls, fall below the permissible exposure limit.

  6. Situation Analysis of the Feed Manufacturing Industry in Diyarbakır Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muzaffer Denli

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was carried out by visiting total 14 feed mills (8 of them are active, 6 of them are passive in Diyarbakır province in order to get information on feedstuffs, production, quality, technical capacity, marketing, problems and expectations from public authority. Each feed mill were visited, data were collected by face to face interview, total 34 questions were asked and results were evaluated. According to survey results; total technical capacity of feed mills in Diyarbakır is 388.800 Ton/year, however active capacity is 230.400 Ton/year and their plant utilization is quite low (50.3%, average feed production capacity is 11.9 Ton/hour, daily production is 403 Ton. Feed industrialists primarily indicated that unconscious farmers (85.7%, higher feedstuff price (75% and unfair competition and unregistered production (62.5% are the most important problems in the industry. Cereals, wheat bran and cottonseed meal were obtained from South-eastern Anatolia Region, however, other feedstuffs and feed additives were bought from other regions of Turkey. Primary preferences of buying of feedstuffs are: quality of feedstufs 50%, easily obtaining 31%, cheap 19% for feedstuffs. Manufactured feeds were marketed by as follows; 34% distributers, 33% distributors and in factory, 22% directly to farmer and 11% in other ways. As a result, technical facilities were found adequate, feed mill owners are conscious to establish laboratory, they have enough production capacity but, except one of them, they produce only one shift in a day.

  7. An industry-wide pulmonary study of men and women manufacturing refractory ceramic fibers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemasters, G K; Lockey, J E; Levin, L S; McKay, R T; Rice, C H; Horvath, E P; Papes, D M; Lu, J W; Feldman, D J

    1998-11-01

    An industry-wide pulmonary morbidity study was undertaken to evaluate the respiratory health of employees manufacturing refractory ceramic fibers at five US sites between 1987 and 1989. Refractory ceramic fibers are man-made vitreous fibers used for high temperature insulation. Of the 753 eligible current employees, 742 provided occupational histories and also completed the American Thoracic Society respiratory symptom questionnaire; 736 also performed pulmonary function tests. Exposure to refractory ceramic fibers was characterized by classifying workers as production or nonproduction employees and calculating the duration of time spent in production employment. The risk of working in the production of refractory ceramic fibers and having one or more respiratory symptoms was estimated by adjusted odds ratios and found to be 2.9 (95 percent confidence interval 1.4-6.2) for men and 2.4 (95 percent confidence interval 1.1-5.3) for women. The effect of exposure to refractory ceramic fibers on forced vital capacity (FVC), forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1), the ratio of the two (FEV1/FVC), and forced expiratory flow (liters/second) between 25 percent and 75 percent of the FVC curve (FEF(25-75)) was evaluated by multiple regression analysis using transformed values adjusted for height, by dividing by the square of each individual's height. For men, there was a significant decline in FVC for current and past smokers of 165.4 ml (p ceramic fibers. For FEV1, the decline was significant (p ceramic fibers. These findings indicate that there may be important sex differences in response to occupational and/or environmental exposure.

  8. An SVM-Based Classifier for Estimating the State of Various Rotating Components in Agro-Industrial Machinery with a Vibration Signal Acquired from a Single Point on the Machine Chassis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruben Ruiz-Gonzalez

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this article is to assess the feasibility of estimating the state of various rotating components in agro-industrial machinery by employing just one vibration signal acquired from a single point on the machine chassis. To do so, a Support Vector Machine (SVM-based system is employed. Experimental tests evaluated this system by acquiring vibration data from a single point of an agricultural harvester, while varying several of its working conditions. The whole process included two major steps. Initially, the vibration data were preprocessed through twelve feature extraction algorithms, after which the Exhaustive Search method selected the most suitable features. Secondly, the SVM-based system accuracy was evaluated by using Leave-One-Out cross-validation, with the selected features as the input data. The results of this study provide evidence that (i accurate estimation of the status of various rotating components in agro-industrial machinery is possible by processing the vibration signal acquired from a single point on the machine structure; (ii the vibration signal can be acquired with a uniaxial accelerometer, the orientation of which does not significantly affect the classification accuracy; and, (iii when using an SVM classifier, an 85% mean cross-validation accuracy can be reached, which only requires a maximum of seven features as its input, and no significant improvements are noted between the use of either nonlinear or linear kernels.

  9. The Effect of Changes in Real Exchange Rates on Employment: Evidence from Manufacturing Industries in China,1980-2002

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    FAN Yanhui; SONG Wang

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the effect of changes in real exchange rate on manufacturing employment.Our theoretical model predicts the positive effect of depreciation of real exchange rate on employment through a firm's expectation on changes in real exchange rate and the interaction between real exchange rate and a firm's import and domestic input.Using China's manufacturing data during the 1980-2003 period,we find that depreciation of real exchange rate promotes employment growth in manufacturing industries,while change in real exchange rate is not a significant factor in promoting wage growth.We also find that an increase in export share offsets partially the effects of real exchange rate on employment and real wages.

  10. Improving machinery reliability

    CERN Document Server

    Bloch, Heinz P

    1998-01-01

    This totally revised, updated and expanded edition provides proven techniques and procedures that extend machinery life, reduce maintenance costs, and achieve optimum machinery reliability. This essential text clearly describes the reliability improvement and failure avoidance steps practiced by best-of-class process plants in the U.S. and Europe.

  11. Directory of the manufacturers and suppliers for the French wind power industry; Annuaire des fabricants et fournisseurs de l'industrie eolienne 2010-2011

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    2010-11-15

    With over 5, 660 MW installed in end-2010, France ranks fourth in Europe, behind Germany, Spain and Italy. The wind power industry currently employs almost 11, 000 people in France throughout the value chain. In 2009, the first edition of this directory listed over one hundred companies working in around twenty different areas. Encouraged by these initial positive results, and with the help of ADEME, the French syndicate for renewable energies (SER) asked Capgemini Consulting to undertake a study to identify and raise awareness among French industrials likely to enter into the wind energy market. The French Ministry for Ecology, Energy, Sustainable Development and the Sea, along with the Ministry for the Economy, Finance and Employment, were involved in the work. 400 companies were questioned as part of the study. Over 150 replies testified to the dynamic character of the wind power market in France and overseas, and the opportunities for diversification that it represents for traditional industries like metallurgy, aeronautics, defence and shipyards, etc. The study led to the creation of the initiative Windustry France, which currently groups over 300 companies either active in the French wind power market or set to enter it. Windustry France is a showcase of the industrial know-how that can be used in the wind power industry both onshore and offshore. It includes local set-ups developed around major fields of activity (e.g. car industry, aeronautics, mechanics, etc.) and industrial port zones (Dunkerque, Rouen/Le Havre, Brest, Nantes Saint-Nazaire, Bordeaux, etc.). Several ministries, regional stakeholders and authorities are also involved (local authorities, Regional directorates for industry, research and the environment (DReal) networks and chambers of commerce and industry), all of which contribute to making Windustry France a collective approach to industrial policy. The 2010-2011 edition of the directory of manufacturers and suppliers for the wind power

  12. Aspects regarding the use of the industrial wastes as raw materials for the manufacture of building materials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. G. Popa

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In this article are present the results of physical and chemical characterisation activities, of industrial wastes: ash and slag, drilling sludge, metallurgical slag. Also, were established the conditions in which these industrial waste types could be used as raw materials for manufacture some building materials. The ash can be assimilated with a lightweight aggregate similar to the natural sands, the oil-well drilling sludge presents an advanced similarity with the suspensions of fine particles of sand clays, the steel melting slag in electric furnace has the characteristics of a dense granular aggregate and the secondary treatment steel slag is characterized by the high content of calcium oxide.

  13. Evaluation of project based learning in the area of manufacturing and statistics in the degree of industrial technology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irene Buj-Corral

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available In the subject Project I in the second year of the Degree in Industrial Technology Engineering taught at the School of Industrial Engineering of Barcelona (ETSEIB, groups of 3-4 students develop a project along a semester. Results of 2 projects are presented related to manufacturing, measurement of parts and the statistical treatment of data, placing emphasis on cross-curricular issues, recording of oral presentations and how this helped improving its quality, as well as evaluation of the subject by the students by means of questionnaires and open-ended questions.

  14. A Road Map for Success: How Northwest Manufactured Housing Conservation Efforts Revolutionized an Industry.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gilbertson, William L.

    1993-04-01

    The evolution of an ongoing Bonneville Power Administration effort to improve the energy efficiency of manufactured homes is chronicled in this informal history. Over the past nine years, Bonneville`s manufactured housing project has undertaken many activities, including technical studies, cooperative ventures, design studies, and information dissemination. These activities are covered.

  15. Review of CNPC Petroleum Equipment Manufacturing Industry during the Tenth Five-Year Plan Period

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Bingyi

    2007-01-01

    @@ Major problems in petroleum equipment manufacturing Difference of petroleum equipment manufacturing technology between China and foreign countries (1) Drilling equipment. The gap between Chinese drilling equipment and that of other countries is still large in its quality and the application of high-level technology.

  16. 服务大局再上台阶--关于我国林机行业发展的初步思考%Serving the Overall Situation, Going to a Higher Level--Preliminary Thoughts about the Development of China’s Forestry Machinery Industry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建

    2013-01-01

    The fact that the development of China’s forestry machinery industry must follow its own law is stated and the macro environment for the forestry industrial development must be grasped, with the development goal and important work in the forestry machinery industry pointed out.%阐述了加快我国林机行业发展必须要遵循其自身的发展规律,必须把握林业产业发展的大环境。指出了林机行业发展的目标和重点工作。

  17. Identifying and ranking of strategies to implement green supply chain management in Indian manufacturing industry using Analytical Hierarchy Process

    OpenAIRE

    Sunil Luthra; Dixit Garg; Abid Haleem

    2013-01-01

    Purpose – The study aims to identify and rank the major strategies that help achieve successful implementation of Green Supply Chain Management (GSCM) in Indian manufacturing industry.Design/methodology/approach – Strategies to implement GSCM have been identified thorough extensive literature review and then experts’ opinion is sought for categorizing them into four representative dimensions which are then ranked using Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP).Findings – The study categorizes the GSCM...

  18. The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards on Employee Results: An Empirical Analysis in Turkish Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hatice Ozutku

    2012-01-01

    The study discussed in this article questions whether certain reward practices used by organizations are better than others when comparing the employee results based on TQM. We first examine reward systems and TQM relevant literature. After related literature review, reward practices have been handled in two groups as intrinsic rewards and extrinsic rewards. In the sample, which consists of 217 businesses that operate in Turkish manufacturing industry and apply TQM, intrinsic and extrinsic re...

  19. The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards on Employee Results: An Empirical Analysis in Turkish Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Hatice Ozutku

    2012-01-01

    The study discussed in this article questions whether certain reward practices used by organizations are better than others when comparing the employee results based on TQM. We first examine reward systems and TQM relevant literature. After related literature review, reward practices have been handled in two groups as intrinsic rewards and extrinsic rewards. In the sample, which consists of 217 businesses that operate in Turkish manufacturing industry and apply TQM, intrinsic and extrinsic re...

  20. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ro-Ting Lin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan’s high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties—6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group—from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD. Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%–16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001 and COPD (p = 0.0212. The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  1. Increased Risk of Respiratory Mortality Associated with the High-Tech Manufacturing Industry: A 26-Year Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Ro-Ting; Christiani, David C; Kawachi, Ichiro; Chan, Ta-Chien; Chiang, Po-Huang; Chan, Chang-Chuan

    2016-06-03

    Global high-tech manufacturers are mainly located in newly industrialized countries, raising concerns about adverse health consequences from industrial pollution for people living nearby. We investigated the ecological association between respiratory mortality and the development of Taiwan's high-tech manufacturing, taking into account industrialization and socioeconomic development, for 19 cities and counties-6 in the science park group and 13 in the control group-from 1982 to 2007. We applied a linear mixed-effects model to analyze how science park development over time is associated with age-adjusted and sex-specific mortality rates for asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Asthma and female COPD mortality rates decreased in both groups, but they decreased 9%-16% slower in the science park group. Male COPD mortality rates increased in both groups, but the rate increased 10% faster in the science park group. Science park development over time was a significant predictor of death from asthma (p ≤ 0.0001) and COPD (p = 0.0212). The long-term development of clustered high-tech manufacturing may negatively affect nearby populations, constraining health advantages that were anticipated, given overall progress in living standards, knowledge, and health services. National governments should incorporate the long-term health effects on local populations into environmental impact assessments.

  2. The Influence of Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards on Employee Results: An Empirical Analysis in Turkish Manufacturing Industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hatice Ozutku

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The study discussed in this article questions whether certain reward practices used by organizations are better than others when comparing the employee results based on TQM. We first examine reward systems and TQM relevant literature. After related literature review, reward practices have been handled in two groups as intrinsic rewards and extrinsic rewards. In the sample, which consists of 217 businesses that operate in Turkish manufacturing industry and apply TQM, intrinsic and extrinsic reward practices of firms on people results have been analyzed. The results of this survey are analyzed through descriptive analysis, ANOVA and MANOVA analyses. As the main finding of the research, it has been determined that application level of intrinsic and extrinsic rewards in Turkish manufacturing industry is not high. It has been identified that intrinsic rewards have a significant influence on employee results; however extrinsic rewards do not have a significant influence on employee results in Turkish manufacturing industry. This study highlighted the importance of the intrinsic reward system for implementing TQM.

  3. 我国实施创新转型的产业类型选择--基于产业关联度的分析%Selection of Industry Types for Innovation Transformation of China---In View of Industrial Linkage in Chinese Manufacturing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高锡荣; 黄娜

    2014-01-01

    The empirical values industrial linkage of 22 manufacturing sectors of China were calculated empirically using its input-output data in recent years, by which the sectors were classified into several types and some of them were selected as the leading indus-tries in the national innovation transformation. The results showed that the industrial linkage was significantly higher than others in‘chemical industry’ ,‘manufacture and processing of metals’ ,‘production and supply of electric power and heat power’ ,‘manufac-ture of communication, computer, other electronic equipment’ and ‘manufacture of general and special purpose machinery’, which were suitable as the leading industries in the national innovation transformation;and the industrial linkage was also relatively higher in‘processing of petroleum, coking, processing of nucleus fuel’ ,‘manufacture of transport equipment’ and ‘manufacture of electrical machinery and equipment’ , which could also be used as the alternatives of the leading industries above. And now, China should focus on promoting the independent innovation in the leading industries, and through which driving other industries’ innovation.%运用近期的投入产出经验数据,测算了我国工业领域22个产业的产业关联度经验值,并基于产业关联度进行了产业分类和创新转型优选产业的选择。研究显示,化学工业、金属冶炼及压延加工业、电力热力的生产和供应业、通信设备计算机及其他电子设备制造业和通用专用设备制造业的产业关联度明显较高,适合于作为创新转型的优选产业;石油加工炼焦及核燃料加工业、交通运输设备制造业和电气机械及器材制造业的产业关联度相对亦较高,亦可以作为创新转型的备选产业。当前应当着重促进优势产业的自主创新进程,通过优势产业的创新转型来辐射带动其他产业的创新转型。

  4. Business factors related to manufacturing firms' performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stergios Vranakis

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The main goal is to understand the way many factors affect the investment decision making process and business performance. Design/methodology/approach: This study proposes a new conceptual framework for examining the reasons that manufacturing firms decide to invest on the acquisition of new machinery and equipment in order to improve their infrastructure. It incorporates various factors related to the internal business environment (quality management, investment decisions etc. Findings and Originality/value: A new conceptual framework, establishing the relations between many factors, has been developed, allowing the determinants of adoption of many implications to be discussed and to relate them to the peculiarities of the Greek manufacturing industry. Originality/value: This study presents an overview of the impact of machinery and equipment investment on firm’s performance, giving grasp for further research of the inter-organizational relationships that exist between them. 

  5. Current and future industrial energy service characterizations. Volume III. Energy data on 15 selected states' manufacturing subsector

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Krawiec, F.; Thomas, T.; Jackson, F.; Limaye, D.R.; Isser, S.; Karnofsky, K.; Davis, T.D.

    1980-11-01

    An examination is made of the current and future energy demands, and uses, and cost to characterize typical applications and resulting services in the US and industrial sectors of 15 selected states. Volume III presents tables containing data on selected states' manufacturing subsector energy consumption, functional uses, and cost in 1974 and 1976. Alabama, California, Illinois, Indiana, Louisiana, Michigan, Missouri, New Jersey, New York, Ohio, Oregon, Pennsylvania, Texas, West Virginia, and Wisconsin were chosen as having the greatest potential for replacing conventional fuel with solar energy. Basic data on the quantities, cost, and types of fuel and electric energy purchased by industr for heat and power were obtained from the 1974 and 1976 Annual Survey of Manufacturers. The specific indutrial energy servic cracteristics developed for each selected state include. 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electricity consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuel consumption by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (quantity and relative share); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector average cost of purchsed fuels and electricity per million Btu by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); 1974 and 1976 manufacturing subsector fuels and electric energy intensity by 2-, 3-, and 4-digit SIC and primary fuel (in 1976 dollars); manufacturing subsector average annual growth rates of (1) fuels and electricity consumption, (2) fuels and electric energy intensity, and (3) average cost of purchased fuels and electricity (1974 to 1976). Data are compiled on purchased fuels, distillate fuel oil, residual ful oil, coal, coal, and breeze, and natural gas. (MCW)

  6. A comprehensive overview of hybrid construction machinery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jixin Wang

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available With the increasing attention of energy saving and emission reduction technology, the recent application of hybrid powertrain technology affects the development of construction machinery industry. This article reviews these publications and provides comprehensive references. This article reviews the state-of-art for the hybrid wheel loader and excavator, which focuses on powertrain configuration, energy storage devices, and energy management strategies. The basis of classification and characteristic of each powertrain configuration are described. Advantages and disadvantages of batteries, supercapacitors, hydraulic accumulators, and flywheel used in hybrid construction machinery are summarized. The existing energy management strategies for hybrid construction machinery are also elaborated. The technological challenges and developing trends in the near future for hybrid construction machinery are discussed.

  7. Customer Satisfaction-based Service Marketing Strategies of the Woodworking Machinery Industry%木工机械行业基于顾客满意度的服务营销策略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    朱治平

    2013-01-01

    Traditional marketing strategies have always been based on the product-oriented marketing strategies, but with the constant development of the woodworking machinery industry and the rapid change in customers’ needs, product homogeneity and brand advantages are declining, making the suppliers of woodworking machinery faced with the strategic problems about how to elevate their competitiveness. The study on the service marketing strategy based on customer satisfaction is studied in terms of products, price, channel, promotion, tangible demonstration, personnel and service process, which is of reference and promotion value for the whole woodworking machinery concerning how to improve the enterprise competitiveness in the new market situation.%传统营销一直遵循以产品为导向的营销策略,但随着行业的不断发展和顾客需求的快速变化,产品趋同和品牌优势缩小,木工机械供应商面临如何提升自身竞争力的战略问题。从产品、价格、渠道、促销、有形展示、人员和服务过程等方面,针对基于顾客满意度的服务营销策略进行探讨,对整个木工机械行业在新的市场形势下如何提高木工机械制造企业的竞争力问题有借鉴和推广意义。

  8. Ultra-High Efficiency and Low-Emissions Combustion Technology for Manufacturing Industries

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Atreya, Arvind

    2013-04-15

    The purpose of this research was to develop and test a transformational combustion technology for high temperature furnaces to reduce the energy intensity and carbon footprint of U.S. manufacturing industries such as steel, aluminum, glass, metal casting, and petroleum refining. A new technology based on internal and/or external Flue Gas Recirculation (FGR) along with significant enhancement in flame radiation was developed. It produces "Radiative Flameless Combustion (RFC)" and offers tremendous energy efficiency and pollutant reduction benefits over and above the now popular "flameless combustion." It will reduce the energy intensity (or fuel consumption per unit system output) by more than 50% and double the furnace productivity while significantly reducing pollutants and greenhouse gas emissions (10^3 times reduction in NOx and 10 times reduction in CO & hydrocarbons and 3 times reduction in CO2). Product quality improvements are also expected due to uniform radiation, as well as, reduction in scale/dross formation is expected because of non-oxidative atmosphere. RFC is inexpensive, easy to implement, and it was successfully tested in a laboratory-scale furnace at the University of Michigan during the course of this work. A first-ever theory with gas and particulate radiation was also developed. Numerical programs were also written to design an industrial-scale furnace. Nine papers were published (or are in the process of publication). We believe that this early stage research adequately proves the concept through laboratory experiments, modeling and computational models. All this work is presented in the published papers. Important conclusions of this work are: (1) It was proved through experimental measurements that RFC is not only feasible but a very beneficial technology. (2) Theoretical analysis of RFC was done in (a) spatially uniform strain field and (b) a planar momentum jet where the strain rate is neither prescribed nor uniform. Four important non

  9. 76 FR 13629 - Draft Guidance for Industry on Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information-Fermentation...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-14

    ... Controls Information--Fermentation-Derived Intermediates, Drug Substances, and Related Drug Products for... 216 entitled ``Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Information-- Fermentation-Derived... fermentation-derived intermediates, drug substances, and related drug products for veterinary medicinal use...

  10. 77 FR 14022 - Guidance for Industry on Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information-Fermentation-Derived...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-03-08

    ... Controls Information--Fermentation-Derived Intermediates, Drug Substances, and Related Drug Products for... entitled ``Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls (CMC) Information-- Fermentation-Derived Intermediates... fermentation-derived intermediates, drug substances, and related drug products for veterinary medicinal use...

  11. Incentives in Nigeria's food manufacturing industries and their impact on output and prices

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NI Nwokoma

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Since the inception of the Nigerian government economic reform programme in 1986, various incentives have been granted to the manufacturing sector, as a means of lifting the sector from the constant low level of performance and contribution to GDP. This paper sets out to find out how these various government incentives have impacted on manufacturing output – with specific focus on the food sub sector. By studying the operating profile of selected food-manufacturing companies, using the Pearson correlation analysis with relevant output, employment and price index variables, it was found that the benefits of these incentives appear not to have been passed on to the general public. It is thus recommended that bench-mark performance expectations be set for manufacturers as a pre-condition for granting incentives in subsequent dispensations.

  12. A strategic decision making model on global capacity management for the manufacturing industry under market uncertainty

    OpenAIRE

    Sabet, E

    2012-01-01

    Multi-national, large-scale and complex manufacturing systems, such as those for automotive manufacturers, often require a significant investment in production capacity, as well as great management efforts in strategic planning. Capacity-related investment decisions are often irreversible or prohibitively expensive and time-consuming to change once they are in place. Furthermore, such companies operate in uncertain business environments, which can significantly influence the optimal decisions...

  13. The Production, Value, and Reduction Responsibility of Carbon Emissions through Electricity Consumption of Manufacturing Industries in South Korea and Thailand

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitikun, Medhawin

    This dissertation provides a new method of measuring efforts by manufacturing industries to reduce their emissions by curtailing electricity consumption. Employing comprehensive firm-level data from the National Manufacture Annual Surveys of South Korea and Thailand, I construct the measure from estimates of revenue functions by industry. The data consists of firms from more than 20 industries in each year from 1982 to 2005 for Korea and from 2001 to 2008 for Thailand. With a total of more than two million observations, I estimate revenue functions for each industry and year. Here, I use three inputs: number of employees(L), fixed asset stock(K), and electricity consumption(E) and two types of functional forms to represent each industry's revenue function. Second, under market competitive condition, I find that profit maximizing firms deviated their level of electricity usage in production from the profit-maximizing level during the time period for both countries, and I develop a theoretical framework to explain this behavior. Then, I tested the theory using my empirical models. Results support the notion of a hidden environmental value expressed by firms in the form of voluntary deviations from profit-maximizing levels of input demand. The measure used is the gap between the marginal revenue product of electricity and its price. This gap should increase with income, consistent with the Environmental Kuznets Curve literature. My current model provides considerable support for this proposition. Estimates indicate, in most industries, a negative relationship between per-capita income and emissions. In the final section of the dissertation, I consider the equitable distribution of emissions reduction burden under an international agreement such as the reduction effort, Kyoto Protocol. Both developed and developing countries have to cut their emissions to a specific reduction percentage target. Domestically, I present two extreme scenarios. In the first scenario

  14. Scope of Value Stream Mapping to Initiate Lean Manufacturing: An Analysis in the Apparel Industry of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mimnun Sultana

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Recently, Bangladesh readymade garments sector has started the trend of implementing ‘lean manufacturing’. To remain competitive in the global market the most important task for garments industry is to reduce the lead time which is also important for long-term stable development. A headlong rush to reduce lead time by becoming lean has created urgency for researchers and practitioners to apply new tools and techniques for dictating wastages. This research addresses the application of value stream mapping in garments industry to implement lean manufacturing. Value stream mapping is different than conventional recording approaches as it helps in the visualization of Material Flow, Information Flow, cycle times and utilization of resources. With the assurance of effective integration and communication, lean systems can be achieved with better efficiency. This research will stand as a benchmark to implement lean for other garment industries in Bangladesh.

  15. Investigation on Prevalence of Eczema among Workers in Machinery and Equipment Manufacturing%机械及设备制造业工人皮肤湿疹情况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪艳; 易桂林; 王忠旭; 秦汝莉; 李玉珍; 贾宁; 李建国; 赵春香; 周久利; 潘祖飞; 于冬雪

    2011-01-01

    目的 调查机械制造业工人皮肤损伤及防护用品使用情况.方法 采用现况调查方法,对6 211名作业工人进行问卷调查,对数据进行χ2检验、t检验与非条件logistic回归分析.结果 湿疹组和非湿疹组人群在性别、年龄、工龄、每周工作时间、地区、过敏、哮喘及防护用品使用方面均存在差异(P<0.05),最终进入logistic回归方程的变量为年龄、性别、每周工作时间、过敏、哮喘、接触金属物体过敏、皮肤干燥、出汗时皮肤痒和使用防护手套.结论 高龄、男性、工作时间较长、过敏、哮喘、接触金属物体过敏、皮肤干燥、出汗时皮肤痒和使用防护手套均与湿疹的发生具有相关性,可能是导致湿疹发生的危险因素.%[ Objective] To investigate the skin injury and the use of protection articles among workers in machinery and equipment manufacturing. [ Methods] A total of 6 211 workers were investigated by cross-sectional study, the data were analyzed by x2 test, t test and unconditional logistic regression analysis. [ Results] There were differences between eczema and non-eczema groups in sex,age, length of service, work length per week, region, allergy, asthma and usc of personal protection articles ( P < 0. 05 ). The variables of age, sex, work length per week, allergy, asthma, allergy by metal objects contact, xerosis cutis, sweating itching and use of protective gloves were put into logistic regression equation. [ Conclusion] Advanced age, male, longer working hours, allergy, asthma, allergy by metal objects contact, xerosis cutis, sweating itching and use of protective gloves all relate with eczema that may be the risk factors for eczema.

  16. Industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bernstein, Lenny; Roy, Joyashree; Delhotal, K. Casey; Harnisch, Jochen; Matsuhashi, Ryuji; Price, Lynn; Tanaka, Kanako; Worrell, Ernst; Yamba, Francis; Fengqi, Zhou; de la Rue du Can, Stephane; Gielen, Dolf; Joosen, Suzanne; Konar, Manaswita; Matysek, Anna; Miner, Reid; Okazaki, Teruo; Sanders, Johan; Sheinbaum Parado, Claudia

    2007-12-01

    This chapter addresses past, ongoing, and short (to 2010) and medium-term (to 2030) future actions that can be taken to mitigate GHG emissions from the manufacturing and process industries. Globally, and in most countries, CO{sub 2} accounts for more than 90% of CO{sub 2}-eq GHG emissions from the industrial sector (Price et al., 2006; US EPA, 2006b). These CO{sub 2} emissions arise from three sources: (1) the use of fossil fuels for energy, either directly by industry for heat and power generation or indirectly in the generation of purchased electricity and steam; (2) non-energy uses of fossil fuels in chemical processing and metal smelting; and (3) non-fossil fuel sources, for example cement and lime manufacture. Industrial processes also emit other GHGs, e.g.: (1) Nitrous oxide (N{sub 2}O) is emitted as a byproduct of adipic acid, nitric acid and caprolactam production; (2) HFC-23 is emitted as a byproduct of HCFC-22 production, a refrigerant, and also used in fluoroplastics manufacture; (3) Perfluorocarbons (PFCs) are emitted as byproducts of aluminium smelting and in semiconductor manufacture; (4) Sulphur hexafluoride (SF{sub 6}) is emitted in the manufacture, use and, decommissioning of gas insulated electrical switchgear, during the production of flat screen panels and semiconductors, from magnesium die casting and other industrial applications; (5) Methane (CH{sub 4}) is emitted as a byproduct of some chemical processes; and (6) CH{sub 4} and N{sub 2}O can be emitted by food industry waste streams. Many GHG emission mitigation options have been developed for the industrial sector. They fall into three categories: operating procedures, sector-wide technologies and process-specific technologies. A sampling of these options is discussed in Sections 7.2-7.4. The short- and medium-term potential for and cost of all classes of options are discussed in Section 7.5, barriers to the application of these options are addressed in Section 7.6 and the implication of

  17. Roadmap for Lean implementation in Indian automotive component manufacturing industry: comparative study of UNIDO Model and ISM Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jadhav, J. R.; Mantha, S. S.; Rane, S. B.

    2014-07-01

    The demands for automobiles increased drastically in last two and half decades in India. Many global automobile manufacturers and Tier-1 suppliers have already set up research, development and manufacturing facilities in India. The Indian automotive component industry started implementing Lean practices to fulfill the demand of these customers. United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO) has taken proactive approach in association with Automotive Component Manufacturers Association of India (ACMA) and the Government of India to assist Indian SMEs in various clusters since 1999 to make them globally competitive. The primary objectives of this research are to study the UNIDO-ACMA Model as well as ISM Model of Lean implementation and validate the ISM Model by comparing with UNIDO-ACMA Model. It also aims at presenting a roadmap for Lean implementation in Indian automotive component industry. This paper is based on secondary data which include the research articles, web articles, doctoral thesis, survey reports and books on automotive industry in the field of Lean, JIT and ISM. ISM Model for Lean practice bundles was developed by authors in consultation with Lean practitioners. The UNIDO-ACMA Model has six stages whereas ISM Model has eight phases for Lean implementation. The ISM-based Lean implementation model is validated through high degree of similarity with UNIDO-ACMA Model. The major contribution of this paper is the proposed ISM Model for sustainable Lean implementation. The ISM-based Lean implementation framework presents greater insight of implementation process at more microlevel as compared to UNIDO-ACMA Model.

  18. Industrial Manufacturing Facilities, Coweta County, Georgia WinPak Location Map, Published in 2004, 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, Chattahoochee-Flint Regional Development.

    Data.gov (United States)

    NSGIC GIS Inventory (aka Ramona) — This Industrial Manufacturing Facilities dataset, published at 1:12000 (1in=1000ft) scale, was produced all or in part from Hardcopy Maps information as of 2004. It...

  19. Use of single board computers as smart sensors for manufacturing industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gómez, Agustín; Cuiñas Vázquez, Daniel; Català Calderon, Pau; Xin, Li; Weidong, Li; Lack, Donald; Conway, Steward

    2015-01-01

    The continuously growing presence of cyber-physical systems in the industry, especially in the field of processes automation and control, represents the paradigm of the so called fourth industrial revolution, in which the systems are smarter, faster and more optimized by means of artificial intelligence, control systems and sensors networks. The presence of ICT and automation systems guarantees energy and other resources efficiency along the whole value chain of industrial processes. Espec...

  20. Use of single board computers as smart sensors in the manufacturing industry

    OpenAIRE

    Gomez, Agustin; Cuiñas Vázquez, Daniel; Català Calderon, Pau; Xin, Lin; Li, Weidong; Conway, Stewart; Lack, Donald

    2015-01-01

    The continuously growing presence of cyber-physical systems in the industry, especially in the field of processes automation and control, represents the paradigm of the so called fourth industrial revolution, in which the systems are smarter, faster and more optimized by means of artificial intelligence, control systems and sensors networks. The presence of ICT and automation systems guarantees energy and other resources efficiency along the whole value chain of industrial processes. Especial...

  1. Evaluation of waste management, manufacturing industries, from an environmental standpoint (Case Study: Savojbolagh city Alborz Province)

    OpenAIRE

    mashaalah nikzad; mehdi farzadkia; Mitra Gholami

    2016-01-01

      Introduction and Purpose: The quantity and quality of industrial wastewater is variable owing to the different lines of production and product variety of industry. Meeting the effluent standards requires proper environmental management. The current study aimed to evaluate the industrial wastewater management in Savojbolagh, Alborz, Iran from an environmental perspective in 2013-2014. Methods: This study was cross-sectional. The data were collected th...

  2. Experimental investigations of thermophysical properties of some paraffin waxes industrially manufactured in Poland

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zbińkowski, Piotr; Zmywaczyk, Janusz; Koniorczyk, Piotr

    2017-07-01

    Phase-change materials (PCM) can be applied as a heat absorbing/releasing medium in passive cooling systems. Such systems can be used in cooling and temperature stabilization of electronic components, i.e., Li-ion batteries, photovoltaic modules or light emitting diodes (LED). In order to optimize heat transfer in passive cooling systems experimental studies of PCM thermophysical properties are necessary. A good PCM candidate for passive cooling systems may be paraffin waxes due to their relatively high latent heat of fusion (L 200 J.g-1), suitable for working of electronic devices range of melting temperatures (22 °C - 68 °C) and a reasonable price. However, their main drawback is a relatively low thermal conductivity k ranging from 0.148 W.m-1.K-1 to 0.358 W.m-1.K-1. In this paper were presented results of experimentally determined temperature characteristics of thermophysical parameters of four paraffin waxes industrially manufactured in Jasło/Poland by POLWAX. The density ρ of the test paraffin waxes determined at room temperature (20 °C) using a laboratory balance RADWAG X/60/220 comprised from 0.82 g.cm-3 to 0.94 g.cm-3. The thermal diffusivity κ of paraffin waxes was tested within temperature range from -50 °C to 30 °C every 20 °C interval using the NETZSCH LFA 467 HyperFlash. The test specimens having form of cylinder were 12.7 mm in diameter and 2.15 - 2.20 mm in height. Prior to the experiment the face and the back surface of each specimen were coated with a thin layer of graphite 33 having a thickness of several micrometers in accordance with the recommendation given by NETZSCH. The thermal diffusivity of the test paraffin waxes within temperature interval -40 °C - 20 °C was determined to be 0.083 mm2.s-1 to 0.216 mm2.s-1. Thermal effects and the apparent heat capacity cp of the tested materials were measured in the temperature range from -10 °C to 100 °C using the NETZSCH DSC 404 F1 Pegasus at 10 K.min-1 heating/cooling rates in an

  3. Strategy evaluation of industrial enterprises in business process reengineering in manufacturing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    L.M. Taraniuk

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of the article. The article discusses the issues of strategic evaluation of the industrial enterprises in reengineering business processes in production at the project level. The aim of the article is to improve methods of strategic assessment of an industrial enterprise, which aims to study the positive and negative aspects of the business process reengineering of industrial enterprise in the future. The results of the analysis. Author improved SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering, which is the clustering of business processes in the spheres of management of industrial enterprise and the development of appropriate indicators of economic data clusters. It is calculated the resulting weighted evaluation during SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering of industrial engineering industry. It was conducted the rank estimation of SWOT-analysis components of business process reengineering industry. The coefficients of concordance of Kendel defect components SWOT-analysis of business process reengineering. It is formed matrix interactions strengths, weaknesses, opportunities and threats during reengineering of business processes at industrial plants (project level. Conclusions and directions of further researches. The scientific value of advanced methodological tools is systematizing of business processes for activities of industrial enterprises in conducting SWOT- analysis of business process reengineering. Later these methodological tools can be supplemented by other methods of strategic evaluation of the company, such as 111-555, LOTS, PIMS-analysis.

  4. From Farm to Pharma: An Overview of Industrial Heparin Manufacturing Methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    van der Meer, Jan-Ytzen; Kellenbach, Edwin; van den Bos, Leendert J

    2017-06-21

    The purification of heparin from offal is an old industrial process for which commercial recipes date back to 1922. Although chemical, chemoenzymatic, and biotechnological alternatives for this production method have been published in the academic literature, animal-tissue is still the sole source for commercial heparin production in industry. Heparin purification methods are closely guarded industrial secrets which are not available to the general (scientific) public. However by reviewing the academic and patent literature, we aim to provide a comprehensive overview of the general methods used in industry for the extraction of heparin from animal tissue.

  5. Dynamics of vendor innovation capability: Evidence from the Electronics Manufacturing Services industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Perunovic, Zoran; Mefford, Robert; Christoffersen, Mads

    2012-01-01

    Recent developments suggest that an increasing number of companies outsource manufacturing with the hope that vendors will help them improve innovativeness. Still, the growing research in the topic has not yet studied two important dimensions of the relationship between manufacturing outsourcing...... and innovation. The first is the realization that vendor capabilities have been recognized as one of the most important factors for the success of outsourcing. The second refers to the fact that, even though innovation capability is required, vendors are still being selected, and their performance evaluated...

  6. An academic, clinical and industrial update on electrospun, additive manufactured and imprinted medical devices.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryan, Christina N M; Fuller, Kieran P; Larrañaga, Aitor; Biggs, Manus; Bayon, Yves; Sarasua, Jose R; Pandit, Abhay; Zeugolis, Dimitrios I

    2015-01-01

    Electrospinning, additive manufacturing and imprint lithography scaffold fabrication technologies have attracted great attention in biomedicine, as they allow production of two- and three- dimensional constructs with tuneable topographical and geometrical features. In vitro data demonstrate that electrospun and imprinted substrates offer control over permanently differentiated and stem cell function. Advancements in functionalisation strategies have further enhanced the bioactivity and reparative capacity of electrospun and additive manufactured devices, as has been evidenced in several preclinical models. Despite this overwhelming success in academic setting, only a few technologies have reached the clinic and only a fraction of them have become commercially available products.

  7. The German model of capitalism and the persistence of outward foreign direct investment: evidence from German manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin T Bohl

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Against the backdrop of critique on the German model of capitalism in general, and German public policy in particular as to the ability to successfully adjust to rapid change and exogenous shocks in wake of economic globalisation, this paper investigates the degree of shock persistence in foreign direct investment (FDI of ten German manufacturing industries for the period 1976 to 2003. Theory on exports and non-FDI investment suggests that FDI should exhibit a considerable degree of shock persistence because they are subject to high sunk costs because of high entry and exit costs associated with the high level of asset specificity that is normally connected to FDI. Persistence in foreign direct investment time series data is established by applying various unit root tests. The results are robust to the potential presence of structural breaks in the data. The empirical analysis shows that German outward FDI in mature manufacturing industries, with one exception, exhibits a high degree of shock persistence. The results suggest, at least for mature German industries, that the sunk costs view on shock persistency is confirmed for outward FDI. The results furnish evidence for a tentative assessment of the relationship between German public policy and FDI strategies of multinational firms.

  8. Industrial sector-based volatile organic compound (VOC) source profiles measured in manufacturing facilities in the Pearl River Delta, China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zheng, Junyu; Yu, Yufan; Mo, Ziwei; Zhang, Zhou; Wang, Xinming; Yin, Shasha; Peng, Kang; Yang, Yang; Feng, Xiaoqiong; Cai, Huihua

    2013-07-01

    Industrial sector-based VOC source profiles are reported for the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, China, based source samples (stack emissions and fugitive emissions) analyzed from sources operating under normal conditions. The industrial sectors considered are printing (letterpress, offset and gravure printing processes), wood furniture coating, shoemaking, paint manufacturing and metal surface coating. More than 250 VOC species were detected following US EPA methods TO-14 and TO-15. The results indicated that benzene and toluene were the major species associated with letterpress printing, while ethyl acetate and isopropyl alcohol were the most abundant compounds of other two printing processes. Acetone and 2-butanone were the major species observed in the shoemaking sector. The source profile patterns were found to be similar for the paint manufacturing, wood furniture coating, and metal surface coating sectors, with aromatics being the most abundant group and oxygenated VOCs (OVOCs) as the second largest contributor in the profiles. While OVOCs were one of the most significant VOC groups detected in these five industrial sectors in the PRD region, they have not been reported in most other source profile studies. Such comparisons with other studies show that there are differences in source profiles for different regions or countries, indicating the importance of developing local source profiles. Crown Copyright © 2013. Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  9. Evaluation of waste management, manufacturing industries, from an environmental standpoint (Case Study: Savojbolagh city Alborz Province

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    mashaalah nikzad

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available   Introduction and Purpose: The quantity and quality of industrial wastewater is variable owing to the different lines of production and product variety of industry. Meeting the effluent standards requires proper environmental management. The current study aimed to evaluate the industrial wastewater management in Savojbolagh, Alborz, Iran from an environmental perspective in 2013-2014. Methods: This study was cross-sectional. The data were collected through field visits, questionnaire (of Iran's Environmental Protection Agency, and controlling data from industrial plants with more than 50 workers (totally 108 units. The questionnaire included questions about the quantity, quality, and management of wastewater. Based on an environmental perspective, the way of managing industrial wastewater was classified into four index: wastewater production, per capita production, BOD (Biochemical oxygen demand per capita, and COD (Chemical Oxygen Demand per capita which were rated from1 to 6. For each index, a higher score was defined for better management. Results: The wastewater produced by industries was estimated to be 1942 cubic meters per day. Food industry alone produced 59% of the entire industrial wastewater. The industry related to animal slaughtering was shown to have the highest BOD per capita, 320 g/day per every worker; and the cellulose industry enjoyed the highest COD per capita, 561 g/day per every worker. 76% of the industries under investigation had no strategy to reduce the wastewater production. 34% of these industries possessed treatment plants, while only 17% of them were following the effluent discharge standards. The most common method of treated and untreated wastewater disposal was found to be absorbing well. Conclusion: Based on this assessment, the management of wastewater was revealed to be favorable in non-metallic minerals industry, but unfavorable in agriculture industry as the wastewater produced by

  10. Genotoxic exposure and biological effects in the rubber manufacturing industry. Relevance of the dermal route

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vermeulen, R.

    2001-01-01

    This thesis describes an industry wide survey on genotoxic exposure and biological effects in the rubber manifacturing industry. Chapters are devoted to long-term trends in inhalable and dermal contamination levels, identification of dermal exposure pathways and the assessment of mutagenic

  11. The Competitiveness of Exports from Manufacturing Industries in Croatia and Slovenia to the EU-15 Market: A Dynamic Panel Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nebojša Stojčić

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available It is often stated that the growth prospects of nations are closely related to patterns of competitiveness exercised by their firms and industries in the international market. Building on foundations of endogenous growth and new trade theories academics and policy-makers postulate that quality-driven competitiveness bears higher growth potential than the ability to compete in terms of prices. The transition of Central and Eastern European Countries has been characterised by movement from the latter towards the former pattern of competitiveness. This process was facilitated by the transfer of knowledge and skills through the outsourcing of production from their most important trading partners, the West European members of the European Union (EU-15 countries, which paved the way for the development of intra-industry trade. This paper explores the competitiveness of manufacturing industries from Croatia and Slovenia in the EU-15 market. Using dynamic panel analysis we find that between 2002 and 2007 producers from the two countries followed different patterns of competitiveness. While in Slovenia the quality of exports is the main determinant of EU-15 market share, the competitiveness of Croatian producers still depends on their labour costs. We also find a strong impact of intra-industry trade on the competiveness of industries from the two countries in the EU-15 market.

  12. 75 FR 47604 - Guidance for Industry on Drug Substance Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-06

    ... Substance Chemistry, Manufacturing, and Controls Information; Availability AGENCY: Food and Drug...) information for drug substances that should be submitted to support original new animal drug applications... of information in section 512 of the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (21 U.S.C. 360b) have...

  13. Examining the Role of Emotional Intelligence between Organizational Learning and Adaptive Performance in Indian Manufacturing Industries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pradhan, Rabindra Kumar; Jena, Lalatendu Kesari; Singh, Sanjay Kumar

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between organisational learning and adaptive performance. Furthermore, the study investigates the moderating role of emotional intelligence in the perspective of organisational learning for addressing adaptive performance of executives employed in manufacturing organisations.…

  14. Jute: A Different Story about the Development of Manufacturing Industry and Trade between Britain and India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Geyer, Patricia

    1997-01-01

    Examines the process used to develop a lesson plan from an academic research article. Includes a lesson plan developed from an article in the Spring 1997 issue of "The Journal of World History" tracing the history of jute (a substitute for flax) manufacturing in colonial India. (MJP)

  15. Special welding features in the manufacture of large-scale heat exchangers for the petrochemical industry

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Braeutigam, M.; Huppertz, P.H.

    1986-01-01

    It is the object of the present paper to describe the manufacture of very large heat exchangers developed and constructed in order to minimize energy losses. A few special welding features have been dealt with in detail. Constructional details, such as the choice of materials and the anti-vibration precautions, bring the article to a close.

  16. Modeling Factors that Influence Firm Performance in the Eastern Hardwood Lumber Manufacturing Industry

    OpenAIRE

    Perkins, Brian

    2009-01-01

    This research investigated the relationship between several firm-controlled, marketing and management factors and firm performance. Hypotheses describing the relationship between the strategic, geographic, tactical, technological and organizational factors and firm performance of hardwood lumber manufacturers were tested. These factors were operationalized, measured in a mail survey and used in statistical analysis to identify relationships among the variables. An adjusted response rate of...

  17. Full-scale co-composting of hair wastes from the leather manufacturing industry and sewage sludge

    OpenAIRE

    Barrena Gómez, Raquel; Pagans i Miró, Estel·la; Vázquez Lima, Felícitas; Artola Casacuberta, Adriana; Sánchez Ferrer, Antoni

    2007-01-01

    A full-scale cocomposting experiment using hair wastes from the leather manufacturing industry and sewage sludge as cosubstrates was carried out with the aim of producing compost that may be used as an organic amendment in agriculture. A 1:1 weight ratio of hair wastes and sewage sludge was used based on experiments at smaller-scale. The resulting mixture was then amended with pruning wastes acting as bulking agent in a 1:1 volumetric ratio (mixture:pruning wastes). The experiment was carried...

  18. Recession Hits China’s Textile Machinery Markets

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    China’s textile machinery industry saw a continued decline intotaI profit and a hefty slump in imports and exports in the first twomonths this year.Analysts anticipated a continued weakening ofmomentum for China’s textile machinery markets owing to weakerconsumer spending and easing export growth.

  19. Technical Change,Skill-replacing and Industrial Policies:Based on Chinese Machinery Industry%技术变迁、技能替代与产业政策研究:以中国机械工业为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王瑞涵

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents a CES function analysis framework to identify the endogenous direction of technical change during industrial development by estimating the elasticity of factor substitution in order to explore how the endogenous direction of technical change effects the arrangement of industrial policies. Meanwhile, this estimates the elasticity of factor substitution in CES production function by the supply-side system method using Chinese machinery industrial data in the period 1991—2012. The results show that the endogenous direction of technical change on Chinese machinery industry biased forward un-skilled labor and physical capital for un-skilled labor in general, meaning that Chinese machinery industrial policies should not focus on fiscal incentives to specific firms,but set up policy framework based on technical polices in macro-economic management in order to make the direction of technical change on Chinese machinery industry biased to skill-complementing.%本文提出一个CES生产函数分析框架,通过生产要素替代弹性取值区间来甄别产业技术变迁内生方向,继而分析产业技术变迁内生方向差异对产业政策安排的影响。同时利用1991-2012年相关数据,证实中国机械工业的技术变迁当前总体处于偏向低技能劳动者的技能替代阶段。这说明中国机械工业若想通过自主创新缩短与世界技术前沿的差距,产业政策安排的关键不在于对特定企业进行利润激励,而是构建以产业技术政策为核心的政策平台,使整个机械工业呈现出偏向高技能劳动者的技术变迁特征。

  20. Industry 4.0: Reality, Future or just Science Fiction? How to Convince Today's Management to Invest in Tomorrow's Future! Successful Strategies for Industry 4.0 and Manufacturing IT.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentner, Stephan

    2016-01-01

    Manufacturing IT and Industry 4.0 is the Fourth Industrial Revolution with a potential of 12 bn Euros in Germany's chemicals industry. But Switzerland is currently the best prepared of all countries in Europe. Many of the ideas are still very vague. This article discusses how to identify what is already reality, which ideas might become reality in the future and which ideas will stay science fiction. As projects in Manufacturing IT and Industry 4.0 are different from classical technical projects other strategies, for example agile project management, are necessary to secure success.

  1. Development blocks in innovation networks: The Swedish manufacturing industry, 1970-2007.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taalbi, Josef

    2017-01-01

    The notion of development blocks (Dahmén, 1950, 1991) suggests the co-evolution of technologies and industries through complementarities and the overcoming of imbalances. This study proposes and applies a methodology to analyse development blocks empirically. To assess the extent and character of innovational interdependencies between industries the study combines analysis of innovation biographies and statistical network analysis. This is made possible by using data from a newly constructed innovation output database for Sweden. The study finds ten communities of closely related industries in which innovation activity has been prompted by the emergence of technological imbalances or by the exploitation of new technological opportunities. The communities found in the Swedish network of innovation are shown to be stable over time and often characterized by strong user-supplier interdependencies. These findings serve to stress how historical imbalances and opportunities are key to understanding the dynamics of the long-run development of industries and new technologies.

  2. DEVELOPMENT OF INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY STRATEGIC PLANNING FOR MANUFACTURING INDUSTRY (CASE STUDY: PT MCM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leonardus Hardjo

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available IT Department in PT MCM has to carry out the duties and functions of developing solution to support the business unit in their operation and gain some benefits which should be obtained by using IT in manufacturing such as increasing efficiency, improving the effectivity in making decision and helping to promote the products. This study aims to design information technology strategic planning in accordance with the strategic plan. The research method is using the IT Strategic Planning framework of Alex Cullen and Marc Cecere. This study uses SWOT and IT Balanced Scorecard to analyze the needs of IT at PT MCM. The results of this study are recommended strategic steps to optimize the implementation of IT in the company to improve the performance from IT division to obtain the benefits by implementing IT in manufacturing and to form IT Blueprint, which is part of the information technology strategic plan in PT MCM.

  3. Analysis of GSCM Practices Factors and Sub Factors for Implementation of GSCM in Manufacturing Industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rituraj Chandraker; Rajesh Kumar ; Apoorv Tiwari

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available The manufacturing activities are the major contributions to world’s environmental degradation. But it has been very difficult to understand and analyse the effect of individual activities and its corresponding contribution in the act of environmental degradation. Effects have been made of the analysis to understand the drivers and barriers of the green supply chain. Methodology has been evolving to analyse the existing scenario in an organisation and to suggest possible remedial measures.

  4. Improving production planning and scheduling processes at an Industrial/Agricultural Chain Manufacturer

    OpenAIRE

    Tandon, Ramit

    2008-01-01

    A key question which every manufacturing firm, irrespective of its scale faces is about deriving an appropriate production planning and control mechanism that enables it to effectively cater to the market demand along with improving profitability. This project looks at applicability of Material Requirement Planning, Just in Time and Theory of Constraints as production planning and control mechanisms with a specific focus on applying them at Renold Chain Plant in Bredbuy, Stockport, Manchester...

  5. Improving production planning and scheduling processes at an Industrial/Agricultural Chain Manufacturer

    OpenAIRE

    Tandon, Ramit

    2008-01-01

    A key question which every manufacturing firm, irrespective of its scale faces is about deriving an appropriate production planning and control mechanism that enables it to effectively cater to the market demand along with improving profitability. This project looks at applicability of Material Requirement Planning, Just in Time and Theory of Constraints as production planning and control mechanisms with a specific focus on applying them at Renold Chain Plant in Bredbuy, Stockport, Manchester...

  6. Developments in post-industrial manufacturing systems and the implications for craft and sustainability

    OpenAIRE

    Bunnell, Katie; Marshall, Justin

    2012-01-01

    This is a 50:50 collaboration with Dr. J Marshall. This text discusses how developments in digital production technologies, in concert with advances in digital communication and networking, transform manufacture, business structures, market economies and, ultimately, social structure. The capabilities and possibilities of digital technologies are illustrated through examples of design practice and two practice-based research projects undertaken by the authors: Marshall’s ‘Automake’ and Bunnel...

  7. Cavitation in Hydraulic Machinery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kjeldsen, M.

    1996-11-01

    The main purpose of this doctoral thesis on cavitation in hydraulic machinery is to change focus towards the coupling of non-stationary flow phenomena and cavitation. It is argued that, in addition to turbulence, superimposed sound pressure fluctuations can have a major impact on cavitation and lead to particularly severe erosion. For the design of hydraulic devices this finding may indicate how to further limit the cavitation problems. Chapter 1 reviews cavitation in general in the context of hydraulic machinery, emphasizing the initial cavitation event and the role of the water quality. Chapter 2 discusses the existence of pressure fluctuations for situations common in such machinery. Chapter 3 on cavitation dynamics presents an algorithm for calculating the nucleation of a cavity cluster. Chapter 4 describes the equipment used in this work. 53 refs., 55 figs.,10 tabs.

  8. Decision Making for Third Party Logistics Supplier Selection in Semiconductor Manufacturing Industry: A Nonadditive Fuzzy Integral Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bang-Ning Hwang

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The semiconductor industry has a unique vertically disintegrated structure that consists of various firms specializing in a narrow range of the value chain. To ensure manufacturing and logistics efficiency, the semiconductor manufacturers considerably rely on 3PL suppliers to achieve supply chain excellence. However, 3PL supplier selection is a complex decision-making process involving multiple selection criteria. The goal of this paper is to identify the key 3PL selection criteria by employing the nonadditive fuzzy integral approach. Unlike the traditional multicriterion decision-making (MCDM methods which often assume independence among criteria and additive importance weights, the nonadditive fuzzy integral is a more effective approach to solve the dependency among criteria, vagueness in information, and essential fuzziness of human judgment. In this paper, we demonstrate an empirical case that employs the nonadditive fuzzy integral to evaluate the importance weight of selection criteria and choose the most appropriate 3PL supplier. The research result can become a valuable reference for manufacturing companies operating in comparable situations. Moreover, the systematic framework presented in this study can be easily extended to the analysis of other decision-making domains.

  9. Pioneering the combined use of agile and stage-gate models in new product development–cases from the manufacturing industry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ahmed-Kristensen, Saeema; Daalhuizen, Jaap

    2015-01-01

    Stage gate models have long been the norm in manufacturing industries. Whereas agile models, such as scrum, are standard amongst software industries. These two models have been traditionally been pitted against one another, each with its own advantages and limitations. A new trend is being observ...

  10. Correlations in between EAWS and OCRA Index concerning the repetitive loads of the upper limbs in automobile manufacturing industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lavatelli, Ivan; Schaub, Karlheinz; Caragnano, Gabriele

    2012-01-01

    Upper limbs repetitive tasks are one of the main sources of risk for the workers of the manufacturing industries and the standards ISO 11228-3 and EN 1005-5 addressed this issue since 2007. EAWS (European Assembly Worksheet) is a 1st level ergonomic risk assessment method and it provides in its 4th section a score to measure the load level for the upper limbs based on a traffic light scheme. According to the relevant ISO/CEN standards, the OCRA Index is the preferred system to refer to in the evaluation of the biomechanical stress of hand-harm-shoulder system. This correlation study is based on a 45 workstations sample coming from the automobile manufacturing industry. According to the results, EAWS4 shows an excellent correlation with OCRA index (Spearman's rho correlation index 0.95). Being EAWS based on biometric statistical data distribution, its typical application is the process design phase, but adopting a conservative approach in the interpretation of EAWS4 score for risk mapping purposes, it provides an equivalent "reaction" pattern (countermeasures to be taken in the production phase) with respect of OCRA Index with an Odds Ratio ranging from 0.89 (OR-matched) to 1.00 (OR-conservative).

  11. Argonne National Laboratory study of the transfer of federal computational technology to manufacturing industry in the State of Michigan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, C.J.

    1991-11-01

    This report describes a pilot study to develop, initiate the implementation, and document a process to identify computational technology capabilities resident within Argonne National Laboratory to small and medium-sized businesses in the State of Michigan. It is a derivative of a program entitled ``Technology Applications Development Process for the State of Michigan`` undertaken by the Industrial Technology Institute and MERRA under funding from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The overall objective of the latter program is to develop procedures which can facilitate the discovery and commercialization of new technologies for the benefit of small and medium-size manufacturing firms. Federal laboratories such as Argonne, along with universities, have been identified by the Industrial Technology Institute as key sources of technology which can be profitably commercialized by the target firms. The scope of this study limited the investigation of technology areas for technology transfer to that of computational science and engineering featuring high performance computing. This area was chosen as the broad technological capability within Argonne to investigate for technology transfer to Michigan firms for several reasons. First, and most importantly, as a multidisciplinary laboratory, Argonne has the full range of scientific and engineering skills needed to utilize leading-edge computing capabilities in many areas of manufacturing.

  12. Argonne National Laboratory study of the transfer of federal computational technology to manufacturing industry in the State of Michigan

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mueller, C.J.

    1991-11-01

    This report describes a pilot study to develop, initiate the implementation, and document a process to identify computational technology capabilities resident within Argonne National Laboratory to small and medium-sized businesses in the State of Michigan. It is a derivative of a program entitled Technology Applications Development Process for the State of Michigan'' undertaken by the Industrial Technology Institute and MERRA under funding from the National Institute of Standards and Technology. The overall objective of the latter program is to develop procedures which can facilitate the discovery and commercialization of new technologies for the benefit of small and medium-size manufacturing firms. Federal laboratories such as Argonne, along with universities, have been identified by the Industrial Technology Institute as key sources of technology which can be profitably commercialized by the target firms. The scope of this study limited the investigation of technology areas for technology transfer to that of computational science and engineering featuring high performance computing. This area was chosen as the broad technological capability within Argonne to investigate for technology transfer to Michigan firms for several reasons. First, and most importantly, as a multidisciplinary laboratory, Argonne has the full range of scientific and engineering skills needed to utilize leading-edge computing capabilities in many areas of manufacturing.

  13. Machinery condition monitoring principles and practices

    CERN Document Server

    Mohanty, Amiya Ranjan

    2015-01-01

    Find the Fault in the MachinesDrawing on the author's more than two decades of experience with machinery condition monitoring and consulting for industries in India and abroad, Machinery Condition Monitoring: Principles and Practices introduces the practicing engineer to the techniques used to effectively detect and diagnose faults in machines. Providing the working principle behind the instruments, the important elements of machines as well as the technique to understand their conditions, this text presents every available method of machine fault detection occurring in machines in general, an

  14. Development of Functionally Graded Materials for Manufacturing Tools and Dies and Industrial Processing Equipment

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lherbier, Louis, W.; Novotnak, David, J.; Herling, Darrell, R.; Sears, James, W.

    2009-03-23

    Hot forming processes such as forging, die casting and glass forming require tooling that is subjected to high temperatures during the manufacturing of components. Current tooling is adversely affected by prolonged exposure at high temperatures. Initial studies were conducted to determine the root cause of tool failures in a number of applications. Results show that tool failures vary and depend on the operating environment under which they are used. Major root cause failures include (1) thermal softening, (2) fatigue and (3) tool erosion, all of which are affected by process boundary conditions such as lubrication, cooling, process speed, etc. While thermal management is a key to addressing tooling failures, it was clear that new tooling materials with superior high temperature strength could provide improved manufacturing efficiencies. These efficiencies are based on the use of functionally graded materials (FGM), a new subset of hybrid tools with customizable properties that can be fabricated using advanced powder metallurgy manufacturing technologies. Modeling studies of the various hot forming processes helped identify the effect of key variables such as stress, temperature and cooling rate and aid in the selection of tooling materials for specific applications. To address the problem of high temperature strength, several advanced powder metallurgy nickel and cobalt based alloys were selected for evaluation. These materials were manufactured into tooling using two relatively new consolidation processes. One process involved laser powder deposition (LPD) and the second involved a solid state dynamic powder consolidation (SSDPC) process. These processes made possible functionally graded materials (FGM) that resulted in shaped tooling that was monolithic, bi-metallic or substrate coated. Manufacturing of tooling with these processes was determined to be robust and consistent for a variety of materials. Prototype and production testing of FGM tooling showed the

  15. 我国SMS非织造装备行业的发展现状及方向%Development of Chinese SMS Machinery Industry:Status-quo, Challenges and Prospects

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    司徒元舜; 李孙辉; 刘志贵

    2013-01-01

    自2000年从德国Reifenhauser公司引进一条3.2 m幅宽的SMXS型非织造布生产线至今,我国SMS非织造装备行业经历了一波又一波的发展浪潮。据统计,在目前投入运行的62条SMS复合型生产线中,国产生产线的比重已超过70%。本文介绍了国内外SMS非织造工艺的发展以及国产SMS装备的发展历程和取得的相关成果,在对国产SMS非织造布生产线与国际先进水平的差距进行详细分析后,从技术创新、人才培养等方面对我国SMS行业未来的发展提出了对策。%The rapid development of Chinese SMS nonwoven machinery in recent years began with the import of a 3.2 meters wide SMXS line from Reifenhauser, and it is said the domestic production line now has exceeded 70%%of the total 62 production lines which are in operation all over the country. The development of SMS process and Chinese SMS line history were introduced in this article. Based on analyzing the differences of production line made in China to international advanced level, the authors put forward some constructive suggestions for the further development of Chinese SMS machinery industry.

  16. Computational design of hydrogen fluid machinery

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kaupert, K.A. [Ebara Cryodynamics Div., Sparks, NV (United States)

    2001-06-01

    This paper presented computational design methods for liquid hydrogen fluid machinery for which the aerospace industry holds a particular interest. The main design points are reliability, efficiency and predictability. The methods described here were based on experience gained in the liquefied natural gas sector. The main design validation tools presented in this paper were computational fluid dynamics, computational rotordynamics, and computational stress analysis. Recent advances have made it possible to incorporate the influence of unsteady phenomena. These new design techniques make it possible to increase the reliability, efficiency and predictability of fluid machinery. A design example for an Ebara Cryodynamics multi-stage impeller/diffuser-return vane combination operating in liquefied natural gas was presented. The fluid machinery characteristics were compared for liquid hydrogen and liquefied natural gas to demonstrate the technical feasibility of industrial liquid hydrogen fluid machinery. Currently, no significant demand exists for liquid hydrogen turbomachinery except for the rocket engine industry. But the emergence of the hydrogen economy will promote the growth in liquefied natural gas and or liquid hydrogen cryogenic turbomachinery. 11 refs., 3 tabs., 6 figs.

  17. Industrialization of Biology. A Roadmap to Accelerate the Advanced Manufacturing of Chemicals

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Friedman, Douglas C. [National Academy of Sciences, Washington, DC (United States)

    2015-09-01

    The report stresses the need for efforts to inform the public of the nature of industrial biotechnology and of its societal benefits, and to make sure that concerns are communicated effectively between the public and other stakeholders. In addition to scientific advances, a number of governance and societal factors will influence the industrialization of biology. Industry norms and standards need to be established in areas such as read/write accuracy for DNA, data and machine technology specifications, and organism performance in terms of production rates and yields. An updated regulatory regime is also needed to accelerate the safe commercialization of new host organisms, metabolic pathways, and chemical products, and regulations should be coordinated across nations to enable rapid, safe, and global access to new technologies and products.

  18. The incoming global technological and industrial revolution towards competitive sustainable manufacturing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jovane, F.; Yoshikawa, H.; Alting, Leo

    2008-01-01

    , knowledge-based, competitive sustainable manufacturing (CSM) has been widely considered as main enabler. This paper presents the necessary steps from economic growth to sustainable development. The reference model for proactive action (RMfPA) is proposed to develop and implement CSM, at national and global......The major global challenges we are facing today need to be addressed in the multifaceted context of economy, society, environment and technology (ESET). In recent years, the consensus of calling for sustainable development(SD) and implementation has emerged. Along with this belief, high added value...

  19. Vertical transportation systems embedded on shuffled frog leaping algorithm for manufacturing optimisation problems in industries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aungkulanon, Pasura; Luangpaiboon, Pongchanun

    2016-01-01

    Response surface methods via the first or second order models are important in manufacturing processes. This study, however, proposes different structured mechanisms of the vertical transportation systems or VTS embedded on a shuffled frog leaping-based approach. There are three VTS scenarios, a motion reaching a normal operating velocity, and both reaching and not reaching transitional motion. These variants were performed to simultaneously inspect multiple responses affected by machining parameters in multi-pass turning processes. The numerical results of two machining optimisation problems demonstrated the high performance measures of the proposed methods, when compared to other optimisation algorithms for an actual deep cut design.

  20. Start-up conditions and the performance of women - and men - controlled businesses in manufacturing industries

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Otilia Driga

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Recent research into the economic performance of women-controlled firms suggests that their underperformance may not be the result of differences in the managerial ability of women as compared to men, and that it may in fact be a consequence of differing levels of start-up resources. Using accounting data, we examine the effects that selected start-up conditions have had on the observed economic performance of a sample of 4450 Spanish manufacturing firms. The results, which indicate significant differences in the initial conditions and show lower levels of assets and employee numbers in women-controlled firms, have implications for the economic performance of such firms.