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Sample records for lymphoma nktl showed

  1. Expression of the multidrug resistance protein MRP and the lung-resistance protein LRP in nasal NK/T cell lymphoma: further exploring the role of P53 and WT1 gene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Wan-Ting; Huang, Chao-Cheng; Weng, Shao-Wen; Eng, Hock-Liew

    2009-02-01

    Nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL) is relatively common in the adult men of Asia. Many patients with nasal NKTL have poor response to therapy. Some of them show P-glycoprotein over-expression. To investigate the expression of other multidrug resistance proteins (MDR) and possible regulatory factors in nasal NKTL, the clinical and pathological features are described. Thirty Chinese adults with nasal NKTL are presented. Immunohistochemical study was carried out to detect multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (MRP) and lung resistance-related protein (LRP). The association between possible regulatory proteins (P53 and WT1) and MDR were explored. In situ hybridisation for Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) detection, polymerase chain reaction assay for T-cell receptor gene and direct sequencing for the P53 gene were performed. Seven (23.3%) and eight (26.7%) patients showed immunoreactivity of MRP and LRP, respectively. Positive staining for both markers was identified in 6.7% (2 cases). The EBV was detected in most cases (97%). Twenty-six (86.7%) cases expressed positive nuclear staining of P53. However, of the cases analysed for P53 mutation, none showed a mutaion at the hot spots studied. WT1 protein was not detected in the nasal NKTL. Our study reports expression of MRP and LRP in nasal NKTL. The over-expression of P53 is probably associated with high incidence of EBV infection and unlikely a regulatory protein for the expression of MRP and LRP. Further studies are necessary to validate the association between P53 mutation and expression of MRP and LRP in nasal NKTL.

  2. Novel targets for natural killer/T-cell lymphoma immunotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kumai, Takumi; Kobayashi, Hiroya; Harabuchi, Yasuaki

    2016-01-01

    Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type (NKTL) is a rare but highly aggressive Epstein-Barr virus-related malignancy, which mainly occurs in nasopharyngeal and nasal/paranasal areas. In addition to its high prevalence in Asian, Central American and South American populations, its incidence rate has been gradually increasing in Western countries. The current mainstay of treatment is a combination of multiple chemotherapies and irradiation. Although chemoradiotherapy can cure NKTL, it often causes severe and fatal adverse events. Because a growing body of evidence suggests that immunotherapy is effective against hematological malignancies, this treatment could provide an alternative to chemoradiotherapy for treatment of NKTL. In this review, we focus on how recent findings could be used to develop efficient immunotherapies against NKTL.

  3. Clinicopathological analysis of the age-related differences in patients with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated extranasal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma with reference to the relationship with aggressive NK cell leukaemia and chronic active EBV infection-associated lymphoproliferative disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Takahashi, Emiko; Ohshima, Koichi; Kimura, Hiroshi; Hara, Kazuo; Suzuki, Ritsuro; Kawa, Keisei; Eimoto, Tadaaki; Nakamura, Shigeo

    2011-10-01

    Extranodal natural killer (NK)/T-cell lymphoma (NKTL), comprising nasal NKTL and extranasal NKTL (ENKTL), is associated with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). A bimodal age distribution was noted in NKTL patients. We examined the clinicopathological differences between two age groups of ENKTL patients (n = 23) and compared the findings with those of aggressive NK cell leukaemia (ANKL; n = 10) and monoclonal chronic active EBV infection-associated T/NK-cell lymphoproliferative disorders [chronic active EBV infection/TNK-lymphoproliferative disorders (CAEBV/TNK-LPD)] of NK-cell type (n = 45). Distinct differences existed between elderly (> 50 years; n = 13) and younger (≤ 50 years; n = 10) ENKTL patients; the latter showed a higher disease stage (P = 0.0286), worse performance status (P = 0.0244), more frequent B symptoms (P = 0.0286) and more frequent liver, spleen and bone marrow involvement (P = 0.0222, 0.0005 and 0.0259, respectively). Few clinicopathological differences existed between younger ENKTL and ANKL patients. Patients with monoclonal CAEBV/TNK-LPD of NK-cell type (n = 45) showed features similar to those in younger ENKTL/ANKL patients, except a more juvenile onset of CAEBV-related symptoms and better prognosis. However, the onset age of overt leukaemia/lymphoma in CAEBV/TNK-LPD patients and overall survival thereafter were similar to those in younger ENKTL/ANKL patients. ENKTL (≤ 50 years) is distinct from that in elderly patients and may encompass ANKL and overlap in the clinicopathological profile with NK-cell type CAEBV/TNK-LPD. 2011 Blackwell Publishing Limited.

  4. Clonal deleted latent membrane protein 1 variants of Epstein-Barr virus are predominant in European extranodal NK/T lymphomas and disappear during successful treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Halabi, Mohamad Adnan; Jaccard, Arnaud; Moulinas, Rémi; Bahri, Racha; Al Mouhammad, Hazar; Mammari, Nour; Feuillard, Jean; Ranger-Rogez, Sylvie

    2016-08-15

    Extranodal natural killer/T-cell lymphomas (NK/TL), rare in Europe, are Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) associated lymphomas with poor outcomes. Here, we determined the virus type and analyzed the EBV latent membrane protein-1 (LMP1) gene sequence in NK/TL from French patients. Six clones of viral LMP1 were sequenced by Sanger technology in blood from 13 patients before treatment with an l-asparaginase based regimen and, for 8 of them, throughout the treatment. Blood LMP1 sequences from 21 patients without any known malignancy were tested as controls. EBV Type A was identified for 11/13 patients and for all controls. Before treatment, a clonal LMP1 gene containing a 30 bp deletion (del30) was found in 46.1% of NK/TL and only in 4.8% of controls. Treatment was less effective in these patients who died more rapidly than the others. Patients with a deleted strain evolving toward a wild-type strain during treatment reached complete remission. The LMP1 gene was sequenced by highly sensitive next-generation sequencing technology in five NK/TL nasopharyngeal biopsies, two of them originating from the previous patients. Del30 was present in 100% of the biopsies; two viruses at least coexisted in three biopsies. These results suggest that del30 may be associated with poor prognosis NK/TL and that strain evolution could be used as a potential marker to monitor treatment. © 2016 UICC.

  5. Early diagnosis of recurrent diffuse large B-cell lymphoma showing intravascular lymphoma by random skin biopsy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kasuya, Akira; Hashizume, Hideo; Takigawa, Masahiro

    2011-06-01

    A 66-year-old man was admitted to our hospital presenting 2 weeks' history of fever of unknown origin with elevated levels of lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein. Six years before this episode, he had developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, which had been successfully treated with chemoradiation. While recurrence of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma was suspected, there was neither lymphadenopathy nor tumor formation by the imaging study. Random biopsy from normal-appearing abdominal skin showed extensive infiltration of CD20(+), CD79a(+), CD3(-) atypical lymphoid cells in the lumen of vessels in subcutaneous tissues. These findings led us to the diagnosis of intravascular B-cell lymphoma. Following rituximab plus cyclophosphamide, adriamycin, vincristine and prednisolone therapy, high fever subsided, and lactate dehydrogenase and C-reactive protein levels returned to the normal range. In conclusion, random skin biopsy is useful for the early diagnosis of intravascular B-cell lymphoma. © 2010 Japanese Dermatological Association.

  6. Lymphomas

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Lohri, Andreas

    2016-01-01

    Although malignant lymphoma is split in over 60 distinct entities, four of them, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular-, Hodgkin's- and mantle cell lymphoma constitute more than half of all new cases...

  7. Gastric low-grade MALT lymphoma, high-grade MALT lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma show different frequencies of trisomy

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoeve, M A; Gisbertz, I A; Schouten, H C; Schuuring, E; Bot, F J; Hermans, J; Hopman, A; Kluin, P M; Arends, J E; van Krieken, J H

    1999-01-01

    Gastric MALT lymphoma is a distinct entity related to Helicobacter pylori gastritis. Some studies suggest a role for trisomy 3 in the genesis of these lymphomas, but they mainly focused on low-grade MALT lymphoma. Gastric MALT lymphoma, however, comprises a spectrum from low- to high-grade cases.

  8. Atypical variants of nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma show low microvessel density and vessels of distention type.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scheidt, Victoria; Hansmann, Martin-Leo; Schuhmacher, Bianca; Döring, Claudia; Hartmann, Sylvia

    2017-02-01

    Nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) presents different histopathologic growth patterns, including atypical forms showing overlapping histopathologic and clinical features with T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (THRLBCL). Because growth patterns are associated with vessel distribution, the aim of the present study was to compare angiogenesis in different NLPHL patterns with THRLBCL as well as other lymphomas. Atypical variants of NLPHL and THRLBCL (n=10 per group) both showed a low microvessel density (MVD; 1.16-1.31/μm2) with a diffuse vessel distribution. In contrast, in typical NLPHL (n=10), follicular areas with low MVD were retained, whereas an increase in vessels in the interfollicular areas was observed (MVD 1.35/μm2). THRLBCL and typical NLPHL could additionally be distinguished by differences in their molecular angiogenesis signature. Furthermore, the number of intravascular T cells was significantly reduced in THRLBCL (0.0028 T cells/mm2 vessel area) when compared with typical NLPHL (0.0059 T cells/mm2 vessel area), potentially reflecting the different composition of the microenvironment in these 2 lymphoma entities. The results of our study reveal a similar vascular pattern and angiogenesis behavior in atypical NLPHL variants and THRLBCL in contrast to the retained follicular pattern in typical NLPHL. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. Extra-nodal lymphoma. A survey of Japan lymphoma radiation therapy group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Oguchi, Masahiko [Japanese Foundation for Cancer Research, Tokyo (Japan). Hospital; Ikeda, Hiroshi [National Cancer Center, Kashiwa, Chiba (Japan). East Hospital; Nakamura, Shigeo [Aichi Cancer Center, Nagoya (Japan). Hospital] [and others

    2002-03-01

    The purpose of this study was to examine, retrospectively, national-wide clinical data of patients with localized extranodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) who were treated by radiation therapy with or without chemotherapy. The survey was carried out at 25 radiation oncology institutions in Japan in 1998. In 1999, according to the Revised European American Lymphoma (REAL) classification, central pathological review conducted at Aichi cancer center was carried out for the data from 7 radiation oncology institutions. The 5-year progression free survival rates (PFS) were calculated to identify prognostic factors. Survey: Data from 1, 141 patients with stage I and II NHL were recruited from 1988 through 1992. Of them, 787 patients, who were treated using definitive radiotherapy with or without chemotherapy for intermediate and high-grade lymphomas in Working Formulation, constituted the core of this study. Primary tumors arose mainly from extra-nodal organs (71%) in the head and neck (Waldeyer's ring: 41%, thyroid gland: 7%, nasal cavities: 5%, oral cavities: 4%, sinus: 3%, orbital structures: 3%, skin: 2% and etc.). The median age of 60 years for patients with extra-nodal NHL was higher than that of 56 years for patients with nodal NHL (p<0.01). Female were dominant in incidence of extra-nodal NHL arising from the thyroid gland, skin and gastrointestinal tract. The percentage of stage I to the extra-nodal NHL from orbit, sino-nasal presentation was higher than that of other NHLs. The percentage of stage II to the extra-nodal NHL from Waldeyer's ring and thyroid gland was higher than that of other NHLs. Central pathological review was carried out for pathological data from 79 patients (Waldeyer's ring: 45, thyroid gland: 19, sinonasal cavities: 15). Of these, diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) composed 63% of all patients, mucosa associated lyumphoid tissue lymphoma (MALT-L): 16%, Natural Killer/T cell lymphoma (NK/T-L): 11%, and mantle cell

  10. Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas show a deletion or translocation affecting NAV3, the human UNC-53 homologue.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karenko, Leena; Hahtola, Sonja; Päivinen, Suvi; Karhu, Ritva; Syrjä, Sanna; Kähkönen, Marketta; Nedoszytko, Boguslaw; Kytölä, Soili; Zhou, Ying; Blazevic, Vesna; Pesonen, Maria; Nevala, Hanna; Nupponen, Nina; Sihto, Harri; Krebs, Inge; Poustka, Annemarie; Roszkiewicz, Jadwiga; Saksela, Kalle; Peterson, Pärt; Visakorpi, Tapio; Ranki, Annamari

    2005-09-15

    Multicolor fluorescent in situ hybridization (FISH) was used to identify acquired chromosomal aberrations in 12 patients with mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome, the most common forms of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL). The most frequently affected chromosome was 12, which showed clonal deletions or translocations with a break point in 12q21 or 12q22 in five of seven consecutive Sézary syndrome patients and a clonal monosomy in the sixth patient. The break point of a balanced translocation t(12;18)(q21;q21.2), mapped in the minimal common region of two deletions, fine mapped to 12q2. By locus-specific FISH, the translocation disrupted one gene, NAV3 (POMFIL1), a human homologue of unc-53 in Caenorhabditis elegans. A missense mutation in the remaining NAV3 allele was found in one of six cases with a deletion or translocation. With locus-specific FISH, NAV3 deletions were found in the skin lesions of four of eight (50%) patients with early mycosis fungoides (stages IA-IIA) and in the skin or lymph node of 11 of 13 (85%) patients with advanced mycosis fungoides or Sézary syndrome. Preliminary functional studies with lentiviral small interfering RNA-based NAV3 silencing in Jurkat cells and in primary lymphocytes showed enhanced interleukin 2 expression (but not CD25 expression). Thus, NAV3 may contribute to the growth, differentiation, and apoptosis of CTCL cells as well as to the skewing from Th1-type to Th2-type phenotype during disease progression. NAV3, a novel putative haploinsufficient tumor suppressor gene, is disrupted in most cases of the commonest types of CTCL and may thus provide a new diagnostic tool.

  11. Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... behavior. Your type determines your treatment options. Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma Classical Hodgkin's lymphoma is the more common type ... Hodgkin's lymphoma Lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin's lymphoma Lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma This much rarer type of Hodgkin's lymphoma involves ...

  12. Choroidal lymphoma shows calm, rippled, or undulating topography on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography in 14 eyes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shields, Carol L; Arepalli, Sruthi; Pellegrini, Marco; Mashayekhi, Arman; Shields, Jerry A

    2014-07-01

    To describe the features of choroidal lymphoma on enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. This retrospective observational case series included 14 eyes of 13 patients, with choroidal lymphoma, studied by enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography. The mean age at presentation was 63 years (median, 65 years; range, 32-87 years). Systemic lymphoproliferative disease was present in 2 cases as non-Hodgkin lymphoma (n = 1) or Waldenstrom macroglobulinemia (n = 1). On clinical examination, the choroidal infiltrate was classified as unifocal (n = 3), multifocal (n = 4), or diffuse (n = 7). Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography scans through the tumor epicenter revealed infiltration of the choroid with apparent inward compression of choroidal vascular structures, creating an anterior tumor surface topography that appeared smooth (calm) (n = 7), mini-wavy (rippled) (n = 2), or maxi-wavy (undulating) (n = 5). Greater tumor thickness correlated with increasing tumor surface fluctuation as calm was mean 1.7mm, rippled was 2.8 mm, and undulating surface was 4.1 mm in ultrasonographic thickness. On enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography, the mean subfoveolar choroidal thickness, measurable in 9 eyes, was 484 μm (median, 423 μm; range, 156-1,002 μm) (81% greater) versus 267 μm (median, 276 μm; range, 142-501 μm) in the unaffected eye. The mean maximal tumor thickness, measurable in 8 eyes, was 117% greater at 602 μm (median, 538 μm; range, 241-966 μm) compared with the corresponding unaffected choroid in the contralateral eye at 278 μm (median, 245 μm; range, 189-511 μm) (P = 0.046). Inability to measure choroidal thickness was due to dense tumor-induced optical shadowing with inability to visualize the sclerochoroidal junction (P = 0.009). There was no visible infiltration into the overlying retina in any case. Enhanced depth imaging optical coherence tomography of choroidal lymphoma revealed 1 of 3 surface

  13. CD49d shows superior performance characteristics for flow cytometric prognostic testing in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gooden, Casey E; Jones, Patricia; Bates, Ruth; Shallenberger, Wendy M; Surti, Urvashi; Swerdlow, Steven H; Roth, Christine G

    2018-01-01

    CD49d is emerging as a powerful adverse prognostic marker in chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL). However, flow cytometric testing for CD49d has not yet been widely adopted in the United States, in part due to the lack of establishment of its performance characteristics in the clinical setting, especially in comparison with the more common CLL/SLL prognostic markers CD38 and ZAP-70. CD49d expression levels in 124 CLL/SLL cases were assessed among peripheral blood (PB), bone marrow (BM), and lymph node (LN) specimens and correlated with available CD38 and ZAP-70 expression and cytogenetic findings. For 10 PB/BM specimens, the stability of CD49d, CD38, and ZAP-70 expression was assessed at standard deviations (SD) above the cutoff for positivity, compared with 1.7 SD for CD38 and 1.1 SD for ZAP-70. CD49d demonstrated the lowest mean SD (0.91) and coefficient of variation (CV) (8.0%) compared with CD38 (SD = 2.1, CV = 10.4%) and ZAP-70 (SD = 9.8, CV = 40.5%) in stability studies over a 96-hours time period. CD49d+ CLL/SLL correlated with trisomy 12 (P = 0.025) and lack of isolated deletion (13q) (P = 0.005). CD38+ CLL/SLL correlated with deletion (11q) (P = 0.025). ZAP-70 did not correlate with any underlying cytogenetic abnormality. CD49d is a robust adverse prognostic marker in CLL/SLL with superior performance characteristics. © 2016 International Clinical Cytometry Society. © 2016 International Clinical Cytometry Society.

  14. Cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection showing a marginal zone B-cell lymphoma-like infiltrate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kash, Natalie; Fink-Puches, Regina; Cerroni, Lorenzo

    2011-10-01

    We report on a 69-year-old female patient with specific cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia that arose at the site of erythema chronicum migrans due to Borrelia burgdorferi infection. Histological examination revealed the presence of dense infiltrates of small hyperchromatic lymphocytes admixed with clusters of plasma cells. Immunohistology showed a CD5+/CD20+ phenotype of the lymphocytes and monoclonal expression of kappa immunoglobulin light chain by the plasma cells. Presence of Borrelia DNA was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction studies. The unusual histopathological and phenotypic findings described in this case of cutaneous manifestations of B-cell chronic lymphocytic leukemia associated with Borrelia burgdorferi infection may lead to the misdiagnosis of cutaneous marginal zone B-cell lymphoma.

  15. Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma of the lung showing mosaic pattern of inhomogeneous attenuation on thin-section CT: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee, I J; Kim, S H; Koo, S H; Kim, H B; Hwang, D H; Lee, K S; Lee, Y; Jang, K T; Kim, D H

    2000-01-01

    The authors present a case of histologically proven bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (BALT) lymphoma of the lung in a patient with primary Sjögren's syndrome that manifested on thin-section CT scan as a mosaic pattern of inhomogeneous attenuation due to mixed small airway and infiltrative abnormalities

  16. Pediatric lymphomas in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriela Gualco

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This study provides the clinical pathological characteristics of 1301 cases of pediatric/adolescent lymphomas in patients from different geographic regions of Brazil. METHODS: A retrospective analyses of diagnosed pediatric lymphoma cases in a 10-year period was performed. We believe that it represents the largest series of pediatric lymphomas presented from Brazil. RESULTS: Non-Hodgkin lymphomas represented 68% of the cases, including those of precursor (36% and mature (64% cell origin. Mature cell lymphomas comprised 81% of the B-cell phenotype and 19% of the T-cell phenotype. Hodgkin lymphomas represented 32% of all cases, including 87% of the classical type and 13% of nodular lymphocyte predominant type. The geographic distribution showed 38.4% of the cases in the Southeast region, 28.7% in the Northeast, 16.1% in the South, 8.8% in the North, and 8% in the Central-west region. The distribution by age groups was 15-18 years old, 33%; 11-14 years old, 26%; 6-10 years old, 24%; and 6 years old or younger, 17%. Among mature B-cell lymphomas, most of the cases were Burkitt lymphomas (65%, followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphomas (24%. In the mature T-cell group, anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive was the most prevalent (57%, followed by peripheral T-cell lymphoma, then not otherwise specified (25%. In the group of classic Hodgkin lymphomas, the main histological subtype was nodular sclerosis (76%. Nodular lymphocyte predominance occurred more frequently than in other series. CONCLUSION: Some of the results found in this study may reflect the heterogeneous socioeconomical status and environmental factors of the Brazilian population in different regions.

  17. Primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma shows an activated B-cell-like phenotype with co-expression of C-MYC, BCL-2, and BCL-6.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Xiaomei; Huang, Ying; Bi, Chengfeng; Yuan, Ji; He, Hong; Zhang, Hong; Yu, QiuBo; Fu, Kai; Li, Dan

    2017-06-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is the most common non-Hodgkin lymphoma, whose main prognostic factor is closely related to germinal center B-cell-like subtype (GCB- DLBCL) or activated B-cell-like type (non-GCB-DLBCL). The most common type of primary central nervous system lymphoma is diffuse large B-cell type with poor prognosis and the reason is unclear. This study aims to stratify primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (PCNS-DLBCL) according to the cell-of-origin (COO) and to investigate the multiple proteins expression of C-MYC, BCL-6, BCL-2, TP53, further to elucidate the reason why primary central nervous system diffuse large B-cell lymphoma possesses a poor clinical outcome as well. Nineteen cases of primary central nervous system DLBCL were stratified according to immunostaining algorithms of Hans, Choi and Meyer (Tally) and we investigated the multiple proteins expression of C-MYC, BCL-6, BCL-2, TP53. The Epstein-Barr virus and Borna disease virus infection were also detected. Among nineteen cases, most (15-17 cases) were assigned to the activated B-cell-like subtype, highly expression of C-MYC (15 cases, 78.9%), BCL-2 (10 cases, 52.6%), BCL-6 (15 cases, 78.9%). Unfortunately, two cases were positive for PD-L1 while PD-L2 was not expressed in any case. Two cases infected with BDV but no one infected with EBV. In conclusion, most primary central nervous system DLBCLs show an activated B-cell-like subtype characteristic and have multiple expressions of C-MYC, BCL-2, BCL-6 protein, these features might be significant factor to predict the outcome and guide treatment of PCNS-DLBCLs. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  18. Breast lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    outside the breast. Histological diagnoses of the so-called primary breast lymphomas included 1 case of Hodgkin's disease and 6 of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (inclUding 2 with T-cell phenotypes). ... adequate specimens; (iI) mammary tissue and lymphomatous infiltrate ... All the patients were female. Their ages ranged from ...

  19. Composite Lymphoma : EBV-positive Classic Hodgkin Lymphoma and Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma A Case Report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gualco, Gabriela; Chioato, Lucimara; Van Den Berg, Anke; Weiss, Lawrence M.; Bacchi, Carlos E.

    Composite lymphomas are rare and defined as hematopoietic neoplasms with more than I malignant lymphomatous clone showing different phenotypic features. Of all possible combinations between non-Hodgkin lymphomas, B cell or T cell, and Hodgkin lymphoma, the least frequent are the ones combining

  20. Hodgkin lymphoma - children

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lymphoma - Hodgkin - children; Hodgkin disease - children; Cancer - Hodgkin lymphoma - children; Childhood Hodgkin lymphoma ... In children, Hodgkin lymphoma is more likely to occur between ages 15 to 19 years. The cause of this ...

  1. Hodgkin Lymphoma (For Kids)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Skating Living With Stepparents Be a Green Kid Hodgkin Lymphoma KidsHealth > For Kids > Hodgkin Lymphoma Print A A ... of the cool things he's missed. What Is Hodgkin Lymphoma? Lymphoma (say: lim-FOH-mah) is cancer of ...

  2. Tyrosine phosphorylation in human lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haralambieva, E; Jones, M.; Roncador, GM; Cerroni, L; Lamant, L; Ott, G; Rosenwald, A; Sherman, C; Thorner, P; Kusec, R; Wood, KM; Campo, E; Falini, B; Ramsay, A; Marafioti, T; Stein, H; Kluin, PM; Pulford, K; Mason, DY

    2002-01-01

    In a previous study, we showed that the high level of protein tyrosine phosphorylation present in lymphomas containing an anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK) can be demonstrated in routinely processed paraffin tissue sections using immunolabelling techniques. In the present study we investigated

  3. Primary lymphoma of the brain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brain lymphoma; Cerebral lymphoma; Primary lymphoma of the central nervous system; Lymphoma - brain ... The cause of primary brain lymphoma is not known. People with a weakened immune system are at high risk for primary lymphoma of the brain. ...

  4. T-Cell Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getting the Facts T-Cell Lymphoma Overview Lymphoma is the most common blood cancer. The two main forms of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma ... develop into lymphomas: B-lymphocytes (B-cells) and T-lymphocytes (T-cells). T-cell lymphomas account for ...

  5. Skin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morris, S L

    2012-06-01

    Lymphoma arising from the skin is the second most common site of extra-nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Over the last 25 years, the incidence has been rising. There is now a new World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer joint classification for cutaneous lymphomas and new proposed International Society for Cutaneous Lymphomas/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer staging systems. This overview examines the role of radiotherapy in the current management of cutaneous T- and B-cell lymphomas encompassing technological advances, new systemic therapies and novel radio-enhancing therapies now available. Modern total skin electron beam radiotherapy and the current low-dose and combination approaches are reviewed. Radiotherapy has remained the most successful treatment for cutaneous lymphoma over the last 50 years and with the technological advances and combination approaches available now and in the future will remain so for the next 50 years. Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anthony Kodzo-Grey Venyo

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Lymphoma of the urinary bladder (LUB is rare. Aims. To review the literature on LUB. Methods. Various internet databases were used. Results. LUB can be either primary or secondary. The tumour has female predominance; most cases occur in middle-age women. Secondary LUB occurs in 10% to 25% of leukemias/lymphomas and in advanced-stage systemic lymphoma. Less than 100 cases have been reported. MALT typically affects adults older than 60 years; 75% are female. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is also common and may arise from transformation of MALT. LUB presents with haematuria, dysuria, urinary frequency, nocturia, and abdominal or back pain. Macroscopic examination of LUBs show large discrete tumours centred in the dome or lateral walls of the bladder. Positive staining of LUB varies by the subtype of lymphoma; B-cell lymphomas are CD20 positive. MALT lymphoma is positively stained for CD20, CD19, and FMC7 and negatively stained for CD5, CD10, and CD11c. LUB stains negatively with Pan-keratin, vimentin, CK20, and CK7. MALT lymphoma exhibits t(11; 18(q21: 21. Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for the MALT type of LUB with no recurrence. Conclusions. LUB is diagnosed by its characteristic morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. Radiotherapy is a useful treatment.

  7. Lymphoma of the Urinary Bladder

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venyo, Anthony Kodzo-Grey

    2014-01-01

    Background. Lymphoma of the urinary bladder (LUB) is rare. Aims. To review the literature on LUB. Methods. Various internet databases were used. Results. LUB can be either primary or secondary. The tumour has female predominance; most cases occur in middle-age women. Secondary LUB occurs in 10% to 25% of leukemias/lymphomas and in advanced-stage systemic lymphoma. Less than 100 cases have been reported. MALT typically affects adults older than 60 years; 75% are female. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is also common and may arise from transformation of MALT. LUB presents with haematuria, dysuria, urinary frequency, nocturia, and abdominal or back pain. Macroscopic examination of LUBs show large discrete tumours centred in the dome or lateral walls of the bladder. Positive staining of LUB varies by the subtype of lymphoma; B-cell lymphomas are CD20 positive. MALT lymphoma is positively stained for CD20, CD19, and FMC7 and negatively stained for CD5, CD10, and CD11c. LUB stains negatively with Pan-keratin, vimentin, CK20, and CK7. MALT lymphoma exhibits t(11; 18)(q21: 21). Radiotherapy is an effective treatment for the MALT type of LUB with no recurrence. Conclusions. LUB is diagnosed by its characteristic morphology and immunohistochemical characteristics. Radiotherapy is a useful treatment. PMID:24511310

  8. Staging Primary CNS Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  9. Lymphoma of the eyelid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Frederik Holm; Heegaard, Steffen

    2017-01-01

    and that of cutaneous lymphoma. The majority of subtypes occur in elderly patients, except for lymphoblastic lymphoma of B-cell and T-cell origin and Burkitt lymphoma, which occur in children and adolescents. Several subtypes have a male predominance, including peripheral T-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma. Only...

  10. Modern treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartlett, Nancy L

    2008-07-01

    The present review summarizes the current therapies and controversies in the management of newly diagnosed and relapsed classical and lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and briefly describes novel agents in development for Hodgkin lymphoma. Early restaging fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography scans appear to provide important prognostic information, particularly in patients with advanced stage Hodgkin lymphoma. A persistently positive scan after two cycles of chemotherapy appears to predict a very dismal outcome, whereas a negative interim scan predicts a very favorable outcome. This finding provides an opportunity to study the effect of tailoring therapy early in the course of disease, perhaps shortening therapy and avoiding radiotherapy in early stage patients with a negative interim scan and escalating therapy in those with positive scans. Recent retrospective studies show it is safe to administer the standard doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine chemotherapy regimen, prescribed for nearly all patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, at full dose, on schedule without growth factors, minimizing the risk of bleomycin lung toxicity and perhaps improving outcome. Several new drugs are showing promise for refractory Hodgkin lymphoma, including the immunotoxin SGN-35 and the histone deacetylase inhibitor MGCD0103. Rituximab is being studied for the treatment of both classical and lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Current trials employing risk-adapted therapy on the basis of interim fluoro-2-deoxy-D-glucose-positron emission tomography scans have the potential of improving outcomes for all patients with Hodgkin lymphoma, either by improving cure rates, minimizing toxicity, or both.

  11. Conjunctival Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Marina M; Rasmussen, Peter K; Coupland, Sarah E

    2016-01-01

    IMPORTANCE: To date, the clinical features of the various subtypes of conjunctival lymphoma (CL) have not been previously evaluated in a large cohort. OBJECTIVE: To characterize subtype-specific clinical features of CL and their effect on patient outcome. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS: A retr...

  12. Testicular lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Michael Boe; d'Amore, F; Christensen, Bjarne Egelund

    1994-01-01

    In a Danish population-based non-Hodgkin's lymphoma registry, 2687 newly diagnosed patients were registered from 1983 to 1992. 39 had testicular involvement (TL) (incidence 0.26/10(5)/year). Median age was 71 years. 24 cases had localised and 15 had disseminated disease. Histologically, all cases...

  13. [Plasmablastic lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Álvarez, Rubén; Sancho, Juan-Manuel; Ribera, Josep-María

    2016-11-04

    Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL) is a rare and aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma that commonly occurs in human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-positive individuals, and affects oral sites. Occasionally, it has been described in HIV-negative patients and involving non-oral sites. Pathologically, PBL is a high-grade B-cell lymphoma that displays the immunophenotype of a terminally differentiated B-lymphocyte with loss of B-cell markers (CD20) and expression of plasma-cell antigens. Epstein-Barr virus infection and MYC rearrangements are frequently observed. Treatment of PBL is challenging because of the lack of established treatment and poor outcomes, with median survival times shorter than one year. In this review, we discuss the clinical and epidemiologic spectrum of PBL as well as its distinct pathological features. Finally, we summarize the currently available approaches for the treatment of patients with PBL. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  14. Primary intracerebral lymphoma: Case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olcay Eser

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available We describe a case of primary central nervous lymphoma (PCNSL that may be confused with magnetic resonance imaging (MRI findings of high grade glioma. Primary central nervous lymphoma is a rare tumour and it account for 0.3-3% of intracranial tumours. A 61 year’s old woman was admitted to our clinic with a severe headache, vomiting, left hemiparesia and transient loss of consciousness. Primary central nervous lymphoma may show various biological and radiological characteristics. We herein emphasized being confused with MRI findings of PCNSL and high grade glioma. J Clin Exp Invest 2012; 3 (3: 409-411Key words: Primary central nervous lymphoma, high grade glioma, B-cell, diagnosis

  15. Malignant lymphoma of the conjunctiva

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkegaard, Marina M.; Coupland, Sarah E.; Prause, Jan U.

    2015-01-01

    Conjunctival lymphomas constitute 25% of all ocular adnexal lymphomas. The majority are B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) (98%), whereas conjunctival T-cell NHLs are rare (2%). The most frequent subtype of conjunctival B-cell lymphoma is extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL; 81%), followed...... by follicular lymphoma (8%), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (3%), and mantle cell lymphoma (3%). Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma occurs slightly more often in women and, along with follicular lymphoma, presents late in the seventh decade of life, whereas diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and especially mantle cell...... lymphoma have a predilection for the male gender and typically present in the eighth decade. Extranodal marginal zone lymphoma and follicular lymphoma present most frequently in the forniceal and bulbar conjunctiva. Conjunctival diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma and T-cell NHLs...

  16. Expression of CD56 and Epstein-Barr virus in nasal/nasopharyngeal lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lee, Seung Sook; Cho, Kyung Ja [Korea Cancer Center Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1997-12-01

    We examined malignant lymphomas and polymorphic reticulosis of nasal cavity, nasopharynx, and palate, diagnosed at Korea Cancer Center Hospital from 1987 to 1996. With immunophenotypic study, we reclassified nasal/nasopharyngeal lymphomas into three categories: CD56-positive T/NK lymphoma, CD56-negative lymphoma and B-cell lymphoma. Malignant lymphomas of nasal cavity, nasopharynx and palate were 95 patient, that comprised 11% of the total lymphoma cases, and it was the most common extranodal lymphoma. Twenty-five percent were B-cell lymphomas and 75 % were T/NK lymphomas. According to site, nasal cavity was the most frequent and 91 % of nasal cavity lymphomas were T/NK type. CD56-positive T/NK comprised 82 % of total T/NK lymphomas and CD56-negative cases were 18 %. In 89 % of total T/NK lymphomas, many tumor cells expressed EBER-1 in their nuclei (CD56+ T/NK lymphoma: 97 % of EBV expression, CD56-T-cell lymphoma; 60%). Only one case (5%) of B-cell lymphoma showed EBER-1 positivity in a few cells. CD56+ T/NK lymphomas showed significantly more angiocentricity and severe necrosis than CD56- cases. Although it has no statistical significance, T/NK lymphomas has a tendency to lower survival rates than B-cell lymphomas at 1 year and 2 year. CD56+ T/NK lymphomas has a tendency to lower survival than CD56- T/NK lymphomas (p > 0.05). Our results of this project will serve important basic materials in diagnosing and studying lymphoma. (author). 25 refs., 4 tabs., 4 figs

  17. Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Getting the Facts Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma Overview Lymphoma is the most common blood cancer. The two main forms of lymphoma are Hodgkin lymphoma and ... develop into lymphomas: B-lymphocytes (B-cells) and T-lymphocytes (T-cells). Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) ...

  18. International Lymphoma Epidemiology Consortium

    Science.gov (United States)

    The InterLymph Consortium, or formally the International Consortium of Investigators Working on Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Epidemiologic Studies, is an open scientific forum for epidemiologic research in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

  19. Case presentation – thyroid lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Belkisa Izić

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Malignant tumors of the thyroid gland account for about 1% of thenewly diagnosed malignant tumors each year, and their incidence inwomen is twice the incidence in men. According to the WHO classification (2004 thyroid tumors are divided into: carcinoma of the thyroid, adenoma and similar tumors, and other thyroid tumors which include: teratomas, angiosarcomas, paragangliomas and others, as well as primary lymphomas and plasmacytomas. Primary thyroid lymphomasare defined as lymphomas which originate in the thyroid gland. This study presents the case of a 68-year-old patient with a thyroid lymphoma, which caused compression of the airways. In the patientpresented there was reduced activity of the thyroid gland. The dominant symptoms were: breathing difficulties, hoarse voice and the enlargement of the thyroid. An ultrasound examination was performedbefore surgery on the neck, which showed a multinodular thyroid,with compromised and compressed trachea to the right and rear. Anemergency surgical procedure was performed to reduce the tumor.Pathohistological diagnosis confirmed diffuse large B cell lymphoma.The aim of the study was to present a patient with a thyroid lymphoma, who had previously not had any immunological changes to the gland,that is, she had not had any chronic lymphocyte thyroiditis, but due to the compressive syndrome it was necessary to perform an emergencysurgical procedure to reduce the tumor.

  20. Primary thyroid lymphoma: CT findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyo-Cheol; Han, Moon Hee E-mail: hanmh@radcom.snu.ac.kr; Kim, Keon Ha; Jae, Hwan Jun; Lee, Sang Hyun; Kim, Sam Soo; Kim, Kwang Hyun; Chang, Kee-Hyun

    2003-06-01

    Introduction: To evaluate the computed tomographic (CT) findings of primary thyroid lymphoma. Methods and material: The clinicopathological data and CT images of nine patients with primary thyroid lymphoma were retrospectively reviewed. The CT appearances were classified into three types: type 1, a solitary nodule surrounded by normal thyroid tissue; type 2, multiple nodules in the thyroid, and type 3, a homogeneously enlarged both thyroid glands with a reduced attenuation with or without peripheral thin hyperattenuating thyroid tissue. Results: All patients had a rapidly enlarging thyroid mass and coexistent Hashimoto's thyroiditis. One patient showed type 1 pattern, three type 2, and five type 3. Six patients had homogeneous tumor isoattenuating to surrounding muscles. The tumors had a strong tendency to compress normal remnant thyroid and the surrounding structure without invasion. Conclusion: Primary thyroid lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis when old female had a homogeneous thyroidal mass isoattenuating to muscles, which does not invade surrounding structures.

  1. Sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brandy-García, Anahy M; Caminal-Montero, Luis; Fernández-García, María Soledad; Saiz Ayala, Angel; Cabezas-Rodríguez, Ivan; Morante-Bolado, Isla

    A 65 year-old female with a history of sarcoidosis with pulmonary and joint involvement, who after 5 years of diagnosis begins with central nervous system involvement manifesting as diplopia. She presents normal analysis results. In imaging results, a mass is identified in the right intraconal space; it depends of right optic nerve, and shows multiple lymph node involvement. Biopsy was performed diagnosed with large B-cell lymphoma, an atypical form of tumor associated with sarcoidosis. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier España, S.L.U. and Sociedad Española de Reumatología y Colegio Mexicano de Reumatología. All rights reserved.

  2. Pegfilgrastim and Rituximab in Treating Patients With Untreated, Relapsed, or Refractory Follicular Lymphoma, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, or Marginal Zone Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-09-08

    Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage I Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage III Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

  3. Frequency of epstein-barr virus in classical hodgkin Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Azhar, Muhammad; Din, Hafeez Ud; Muhammad, Iqbal; Hashmi, Shoaib Naiyar; Akhtar, Farhan

    2016-01-01

    Epstein-Barr virus plays an important role in pathogenesis of Hodgkin lymphoma. The first patient with Epstein-Barr positive Reed Sternberg cells was described in 1985. Since then association between Epstein-Barr virus and Hodgkin lymphoma has been shown in many parts of the world and its occurrence shows significant variation from continent to continent and from country to country. The study was carried out at department of histopathology, Armed Forces Institute of Pathology from 27th April 2013 to 10th March 2014. A total of 55 cases of classical Hodgkin lymphoma were included in the study. Out of 55 patients, 38 (69%) were male and 17 (31%) were female. The age of the patients ranged between 4-67 years with an average age of 29.4±21.72 years. Out of these, 44 cases (80%) were positive for latent membrane protein-1. Among positive cases 32 (72.72%) were male and 12 (27.28%) were female. Based upon histological subtypes MCHL was the commonest as a whole accounting for 87.3% as well as among both genders. Out of total 55 cases, 79.16% (38/48) of mixed cellularity Hodgkin lymphoma cases showed positivity for latent membrane protein-1 while 83.33% (5/6) cases of nodular sclerosis Hodgkin lymphoma and 100% (1/1) cases of lymphocyte depleted Hodgkin lymphoma showed positivity. No case of lymphocyte predominant classical Hodgkin lymphoma was diagnosed during the study. 80% of our classical Hodgkin lymphoma cases showed association with EBV expression. A total of 79.16% cases of mixed cellularity Hodgkin lymphoma showed LMP1 expression while 100% of lymphocyte depleted Hodgkin lymphoma showed LMP1 expression. The highest expression seen in lymphocyte depleted Hodgkin lymphoma subtype in contrast to mixed cellularity requires to be confirmed by a larger scale study comprising of substantial number of patients of lymphocyte depleted Hodgkin lymphoma and lymphocyte rich classical Hodgkin lymphoma.

  4. Stages of Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  5. Stages of Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  6. Molecular diagnosis of Burkitt's lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dave, SS; Fu, K; Wright, GW; Lam, LT; Kluin, P; Boerma, EJ; Greiner, TC; Weisenburger, DD; Rosenwald, A; Ott, G; Muller-Hermelink, H; Gascoyne, RD; Delabie, J; Rimsza, LM; Braziel, RM; Grogan, TM; Campo, E; Jaffe, ES; Dave, BJ; Sanger, W; Bast, M; Vose, JM; Armitage, JO; Connors, JM; Smeland, EB; Kvaloy, S; Holte, H; Fisher, RI; Miller, TP; Montserrat, E; Wilson, WH; Bahl, M; Zhao, H; Yang, LM; Powell, J; Simon, R; Chan, WC; Staudt, LM

    2006-01-01

    Background: The distinction between Burkitt's lymphoma and diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma is crucial because these two types of lymphoma require different treatments. We examined whether gene-expression profiling could reliably distinguish Burkitt's lymphoma from diffuse large-B-cell lymphoma.

  7. Lymphoma in acquired generalized lipodystrophy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Rebecca J; Chan, Jean L; Jaffe, Elaine S; Cochran, Elaine; DePaoli, Alex M; Gautier, Jean-Francois; Goujard, Cecile; Vigouroux, Corinne; Gorden, Phillip

    2016-01-01

    Acquired generalized lipodystrophy (AGL) is a rare disease thought to result from autoimmune destruction of adipose tissue. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) has been reported in two AGL patients. We report five additional cases of lymphoma in AGL, and analyze the role of underlying autoimmunity and recombinant human leptin (metreleptin) replacement in lymphoma development. Three patients developed lymphoma during metreleptin treatment (two PTCL and one ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma), and two developed lymphomas (mycosis fungoides and Burkitt lymphoma) without metreleptin. AGL is associated with high risk for lymphoma, especially PTCL. Autoimmunity likely contributes to this risk. Lymphoma developed with or without metreleptin, suggesting metreleptin does not directly cause lymphoma development; a theoretical role of metreleptin in lymphoma progression remains possible. For most patients with AGL and severe metabolic complications, the proven benefits of metreleptin on metabolic disease will likely outweigh theoretical risks of metreleptin in lymphoma development or progression.

  8. Haemorrhage and intestinal lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Attilia M. Pizzini

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Background: The prevalence of coeliac disease is around 1% in general population but this is often unrecognised. The classical presentation of adult coeliac disease is characterized by diarrhoea and malabsorption syndrome, but atypical presentations are probably more common and are characterized by iron deficiency anaemia, weight loss, fatigue, infertility, arthralgia, peripheral neuropathy and osteoporosis. Unusual are the coagulation disorders (prevalence 20% and these are due to vitamin K malabsorption (prolonged prothrombin time. Clinical case: A 64-year-old man was admitted to our Department for an extensive spontaneous haematoma of the right leg. He had a history of a small bowel resection for T-cell lymphoma, with a negative follow-up and he didn’t report any personal or familiar history of bleeding. Laboratory tests showed markedly prolonged prothrombin (PT and partial-thromboplastin time (PTT, corrected by mixing studies, and whereas platelet count and liver tests was normal. A single dose (10 mg of intravenous vitamin K normalized the PT. Several days before the patient had been exposed to a superwarfarin pesticide, but diagnostic tests for brodifacoum, bromadiolone or difenacoum were negative. Diagnosis of multiple vitamin K-dependent coagulationfactor deficiencies (II, VII, IX, X due to intestinal malabsorption was made and coeliac disease was detected. Therefore the previous lymphoma diagnosis might be closely related to coeliac disease. Conclusions: A gluten free diet improves quality of life and restores normal nutritional and biochemical status and protects against these complications.

  9. Incomplete Miller-Fisher Syndrome with Advanced Stage Burkitt Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Özdemir, Zeynep Canan; Kar, Yeter Düzenli; Yarar, Coþkun; Þaylýsoy, Suzan; Bör, Özcan

    2017-05-15

    Lymphoma-associated incomplete Miller-Fisher syndrome is very rare. An 11-year-old boy who initially presented with headache, left ptosis, diplopia and weakness. Neurologic examination indicated left sided ptosis with ophthalmoplegia. Cerebral imaging and cerebrospinal fluid examinations were normal. Magnetic resonance imaging of the abdomen showed a mass lesion in the ileal loops. A bone marrow biopsy showed infiltration by Burkitt's lymphoma. Burkitt lymphoma may present with incomplete Miller Fisher syndrome.

  10. Simultaneous occurrence of follicular lymphoma and mixed-cellularity Hodgkin's lymphoma: lymph node and extranodal involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Grangeiro Maria do Patrocínio F.

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available An unusual and well-characterised case of composite lymphoma in the spleen and lymph node is presented. The simultaneous occurrence of mixed-cellularity Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL and follicular non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL was demonstrated in a 66-year-old man admitted in our Service with anaemia, hepatosplenomegaly and multiple abdominal lymph nodes. The morphological study of the spleen and lymph node of the splenic hilum showed an infiltrate composed of two distinct neoplasias. The liver was involved by NHL infiltrate and the peripancreatic lymph node exhibited HL. The Reed-Sternberg (RS cells expressed CD 15 and CD 30, whereas the NHL cells presented standard immunohistochemical features of follicular lymphoma. To our knowledge, this is the fifth case report of concurrent spleen involvement by composite lymphoma. The incidence, clinicopathological and immunohistochemical features of this rare association are discussed.

  11. Primary conjunctival follicular lymphoma mimicking chronic conjunctivitis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Labrador Velandia, S; García Lagarto, E; Saornil, M A; García Álvarez, C; Cuello, R; Diezhandino, P

    2016-02-01

    The case is presented of a 43 year-old male patient with chronic follicular conjunctivitis, negative bacterial serology, and refractory to local treatment. The incisional biopsy performed showed to be consistent with reactive lymphoid hyperplasia. A year later, a new incisional biopsy showed follicular lymphoma, with no systemic involvement, and he was treated with local radiotherapy. When a chronic follicular conjunctivitis is refractory to treatment, it is essential to perform an incisional biopsy to establish the histopathological diagnosis that can range from chronic inflammation, reactive lymphoid hyperplasia to lymphoma. Follicular lymphoma is rare among conjunctival lymphomas, and the staging is indispensable for the correct therapeutic approach. Copyright © 2014 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  12. Lymphomas of large cells.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Staples, W G; Gétaz, E P

    1977-09-03

    Historial aspects of the classification of large-cell lymphomas are described. Immunological characterization of the lymphomas has been made possible by identification of T and B lymphocytes according to their cell membrane surface characteristics. The pathogenesis of lymphomas has been clarified by the germinal (follicular) centre cell concepts of Lennert and Lukes and Collins. The various classifications are presented and compared. Whether these subdivisions will have any relevance in the clinical context remains to be seen.

  13. Lymphoma of uterine cervix: magnetic resonance imaging findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kanaan, Daniel; Constantino, Carolina Pesce Lamas; Souza, Rodrigo Canellas de, E-mail: daniel.kanaan@hotmail.com [Department of Radiology, Universidade Federal do Rio de Janeiro (UFRJ), RJ (Brazil); Parente, Daniella Braz [Instituto D' Or de Pesquisa e Ensino, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil)

    2012-05-15

    Lymphoma of the cervix is a rare disease. About 1.0% to 1.5% of extranodal lymphomas originates in the female genital tract. The clinical presentation of this condition is nonspecific and magnetic resonance imaging is important for diagnostic elucidation. The present report describes the case of a 80-year-old patient with lumbar pain, whose magnetic resonance imaging showed a large uterine mass. The final diagnosis was lymphoma. (author)

  14. [Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma. A case presentation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Briseño-Hernández, Andrés Alejandro; Quezada-López, Deissy Roxana; Castañeda-Chávez, Agar; Dassaejv Macías-Amezcua, Michel; Pintor-Belmontes, Julio Cesar

    2014-01-01

    Burkitt lymphoma, is described as an aggressive form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma of B cells which occurs most often in children and young adults, ovarian lymphoma can appear as a primary lesion or more commonly referred to as a metastasis. Primary ovarian lesions are rare manifestations corresponding to 0.5% of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and 1.5% of ovarian tumors. Clinic case: 31 years old female with general weakness, march incapacity, dyspnea, hyporexia, fever, diaphoresis, weight loss of 20 kg, flat abs with abdominal pain; Ca125 610 U/ml. Abdominal computed tomography shows a solid aspect tumor which affects the right pelvic cavity. Bilateral ovarian tumors were removed. Microscopically, both lesions show a "starry sky" pattern composed by a monotonous infiltration of lymphocytes mixed with large and clear macrophages, several atypical mitoses, and necrosis and hemorrhage areas. Immunohistochemistry was positive for CD10, CD20, and negative for CD3 and high Ki67 proliferation index. Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma was diagnosed. Bilateral ovarian Burkitt's lymphoma is a rare entity, with a variability of presentations, the abdominal pain and abdominal tumors are the most frequent. The patient's prognosis at short term is poor, therefore it's necessary to know this entity and make an early diagnosis.

  15. Sarcoidosis Occurring After Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    London, Jonathan; Grados, Aurélie; Fermé, Christophe; Charmillon, Alexandre; Maurier, François; Deau, Bénédicte; Crickx, Etienne; Brice, Pauline; Chapelon-Abric, Catherine; Haioun, Corinne; Burroni, Barbara; Alifano, Marco; Le Jeunne, Claire; Guillevin, Loïc; Costedoat-Chalumeau, Nathalie; Schleinitz, Nicolas; Mouthon, Luc; Terrier, Benjamin

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Sarcoidosis is a granulomatous disease that most frequently affects the lungs with pulmonary infiltrates and/or bilateral hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. An association of sarcoidosis and lymphoproliferative disease has previously been reported as the sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. Although this syndrome is characterized by sarcoidosis preceding lymphoma, very few cases of sarcoidosis following lymphoma have been reported. We describe the clinical, biological, and radiological characteristics and outcome of 39 patients presenting with sarcoidosis following lymphoproliferative disease, including 14 previously unreported cases and 25 additional patients, after performing a literature review. Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma were equally represented. The median delay between lymphoma and sarcoidosis was 18 months. Only 16 patients (41%) required treatment. Sarcoidosis was of mild intensity or self-healing in most cases, and overall clinical response to sarcoidosis was excellent with complete clinical response in 91% of patients. Sarcoidosis was identified after a follow-up computerized tomography scan (CT-scan) or 18fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography/computerized tomography (18FDG-PET/CT) evaluation in 18/34 patients (53%). Sarcoidosis is therefore a differential diagnosis to consider when lymphoma relapse is suspected on a CT-scan or 18FDG-PET/CT, emphasizing the necessity to rely on histological confirmation of lymphoma relapse. PMID:25380084

  16. Canine lymphoma : a review

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zandvliet, M|info:eu-repo/dai/nl/304829285

    Canine lymphoma (cL) is a common type of neoplasia in dogs with an estimated incidence rate of 20-100 cases per 100,000 dogs and is in many respects comparable to non-Hodgkin lymphoma in humans. Although the exact cause is unknown, environmental factors and genetic susceptibility are thought to play

  17. Gastric T-cell lymphoma associated with hemophagocytic syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanai Yoshiyuki

    2004-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome (LAHS occurs in mostly extra nodal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. LAHS arising from gastrointestinal lymphoma has never been reported. Here we report a case of gastric T-cell lymphoma-associated hemophagocytic syndrome. Case presentation A 51-year-old woman presented with pain, redness of breasts, fever and hematemesis. Hematological examination revealed anemia. Gastroscopy revealed small bleeding ulcers in the stomach and the computed tomography scan showed liver tumor. She underwent total gastrectomy for gastrointestinal bleeding and the histopathology revealed gastric T-cell lymphoma. She continued to bleed from the anastomosis and died on the 8th postoperative day. Autopsy revealed it to be a LAHS. Conclusions If Hemophagocytic syndrome (HPS occurs in lymphoma of the gastrointestinal tract, bleeding from the primary lesion might be uncontrollable. Early diagnosis and appropriate treatment are needed for long-term survival.

  18. Biomarkers for lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zangar, Richard C.; Varnum, Susan M.

    2014-09-02

    A biomarker, method, test kit, and diagnostic system for detecting the presence of lymphoma in a person are disclosed. The lymphoma may be Hodgkin's lymphoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The person may be a high-risk subject. In one embodiment, a plasma sample from a person is obtained. The level of at least one protein listed in Table S3 in the plasma sample is measured. The level of at least one protein in the plasma sample is compared with the level in a normal or healthy subject. The lymphoma is diagnosed based upon the level of the at least one protein in the plasma sample in comparison to the normal or healthy level.

  19. [Secondary orbital lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basanta, I; Sevillano, C; Álvarez, M D

    2015-09-01

    A case is presented of an 85 year-old Caucasian female with lymphoma that recurred in the orbit (secondary ocular adnexal lymphoma). The orbital tumour was a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma according to the REAL classification (Revised European-American Lymphoma Classification). Orbital lymphomas are predominantly B-cell proliferations of a variety of histological types, and most are low-grade tumours. Patients are usually middle-aged or elderly, and it is slightly more common in women. A palpable mass, proptosis and blepharoptosis are the most common signs of presentation. Copyright © 2011 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Published by Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  20. Biomarkers for lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zangar, Richard C.; Varnum, Susan M.

    2014-09-02

    A biomarker, method, test kit, and diagnostic system for detecting the presence of lymphoma in a person are disclosed. The lymphoma may be Hodgkin's lymphoma or non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The person may be a high-risk subject. In one embodiment, a plasma sample from a person is obtained. The level of at least one protein listed in Table S3 in the plasma sample is measured. The level of at least one protein in the plasma sample is compared with the level in a normal or healthy subject. The lymphoma is diagnosed based upon the level of the at least one protein in the plasma sample in comparison to the normal or healthy level.

  1. T-Cell Lymphomas Presenting as Colon Ulcers and Eosinophilia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ping-Hsiu Wu

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Primary gastrointestinal T-cell lymphoma is an uncommon entity and primary colon T-cell lymphoma is even rarer. The majority of enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphomas present predominantly as ulcers or strictures in the endoscopic examinations, while primary B-cell lymphomas commonly present as exophytic lesions. Ulcerative colon T-cell lymphoma may mimic Crohn's disease (CD, which is a chronic inflammatory disease of the intestines with ulcer and fistula formations difficult for clinicians to diagnose based on endoscopic observations alone. Like CD, T-cell lymphoma may be characterized by the presence of multiple skipped ulcers distributed from the terminal ileum to the descending colon. Furthermore, it is difficult to diagnose this unusual lymphoma by a single endoscopic biopsy. Typically, the histological composition of T-cell lymphoma is made of medium to large atypical cells located in the base of the ulcer with extension to the muscle layer and the adjacent mucosa. However, it is common that biopsy specimens show only mixed inflammatory changes where the lymphoma cells are hard to be identified. The differential diagnosis of malignant lymphoma must be considered when clinically diagnosed CD is refractory to the medical treatment or when its clinical behavior becomes aggressive. The current study presents a rare case of primary colon T-cell lymphoma in a 56-year-old male with marked recent weight loss, watery diarrhea and bilateral neck lymphadenopathy, who received a laboratory checkup and endoscopic workup for colon biopsy. The initial pathological report was consistent with mucosal inflammation and benign colon ulcers. Interestingly, the blood test showed a prominent eosinophilia. A biopsy of the enlarged neck lymph nodes done approximately 1 month after the colon biopsy unexpectedly showed T-cell lymphoma, which led to a review of the initial colonic biopsy specimens. Additional immunohistochemical stains were used accordingly, which

  2. Diagnosis of lymphoma via MR tomography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Dewes, W.; Traeber, F.; Gieseke, J.; Uexkuell-Gueldenband, V. v.

    1986-11-01

    MR tomography provides images equal to, or superior to, CT of lymph node involvement in the thorax or abdomen. It may be possible to achieve tissue characterisation by means of T/sub 1/ and T/sub 2/ images. Chronic inflammatory diseases causing lymph node enlargement, such as sarcoidosis, show characteristic T/sub 1/ intervals (about 650 msecs), whereas lymphomas show intervals of 900 msecs. Enlarged lymph nodes of low malignancy show lower T/sub 2/ values (78 to 94 msecs), highly malignant show higher T/sub 2/ values (83 to 145 msecs). Already we believe MR to be the method of choice in evaluating lymphoma and sarcoidosis.

  3. Association of Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma and Active Toxoplasmosis in a Child

    OpenAIRE

    Sayyahfar, Shirin; Karimi, Abdollah; Gharib, Atoosa; Fahimzad, Alireza

    2015-01-01

    Introduction: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a subset of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and an unusual disease in children. Case Presentation: Herein we have reported a 7- year- old girl with a large necrotic skin ulcer on the chest caused by systemic form of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and simultaneous active toxoplasmosis diagnosed by PCR on lymph node specimen. There were few reports showing a role for toxoplasma infection to cause some malignancies such as lymphoma in adults. Conclusions: Bas...

  4. Radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Specht, Lena [Rigshospitalet Copenhagen Univ. (Denmark). Depts. of Oncology and Haematology; Yahalom, Joachim (eds.) [Memorial Sloan-Kettering Cancer, New York, NY (United States). Dept. of Radiation Oncology

    2011-07-01

    This book deals in detail with all aspects of the best practice in modern radiotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma. It provides the background and rationale for the inclusion of radiotherapy in today's combined-modality approach, including special clinical situations such as Hodgkin lymphoma in children, in the pregnant patient, and in the elderly. Radiotherapy planning using state-of-the-art imaging, target definition, planning software, and treatment equipment is expounded in detail. Acute and long-term side effects of radiotherapy are analyzed, and the implications for modern radiotherapy approaches in Hodgkin lymphomas are explained. (orig.)

  5. Primary Breast Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue (MALT Lymphoma Transformation to Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şerife Hülya Arslan

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL of the breast constitutes 0.04%-0.53% of all malignancies and 2.2% of extra nodal lymphomas. In total, 7%-8% of all B-cell lymphomas are the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT type, of which up to 50% of primary gastric MALT lymphoma. Herein we present a patient with breast MALT lymphoma that transformed to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. A 69-year-old female presented with a mass on her left breast. Physical examination showed a 3 × 3-cm mass located 1 cm from the areola on the upper lateral quadrant of the breast at the 1 o’clock position, which was fixed and firm. Excisional biopsy was performed and pathologic examination of the specimen showed MALT lymphoma transformation to DLBCL. The patient was staged as II-EA. The rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone (R-CHOP protocol was scheduled as treatment. Following 6 courses of R-CHOP, 2 additional courses of rituximab were administered. Positron emission tomography (PET-CT was done at the end of the treatment. PET showed that the patient was in complete remission. At the time this report was written, the patient was being followed-up at the outpatient clinic on a regular basis. Lymphoma of the breast is a rarity among malignant tumors of the breast. The most common type of lymphoma is DLBCL. Breast MALT lymphoma is extremely rare. Primary MALT lymphoma of the breast can transform from low grade to high grade and recurrence is possible; therefore, such patients should be monitored carefully for transformation.

  6. Danish National Lymphoma Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arboe, Bente; Josefsson, Pär; Jørgensen, Judit

    2016-01-01

    AIM OF DATABASE: The Danish National Lymphoma Registry (LYFO) was established in order to monitor and improve the diagnostic evaluation and the quality of treatment of all lymphoma patients in Denmark. STUDY POPULATION: The LYFO database was established in 1982 as a seminational database including...... all lymphoma patients referred to the departments of hematology. The database became nationwide on January 1, 2000. MAIN VARIABLES: The main variables include both clinical and paraclinical variables as well as details of treatment and treatment evaluation. Up to four forms are completed for each......-100 years) and a male/female ratio of 1.23:1. Patients can be registered with any of 42 different subtypes according to the World Health Organization classifications. CONCLUSION: LYFO is a nationwide database for all lymphoma patients in Denmark and includes detailed information. This information is used...

  7. Primary breast lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julen, Olivier; Dellacasa, Ilaria; Pelte, Marie-Françoise; Borish, Bettina; Bouchardy, Christine; Capanna, Federica; Vlastos, Georges; Dubuisson, Jean-Bernard; Vlastos, Anne-Thérèse

    2009-07-22

    The diagnosis, prognostic factors, and optimal management of primary breast lymphomas (PBL) is difficult. Seven patients recorded at the Geneva Cancer Registry between 1973-1998 were reviewed. Five patient had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, one a follicular lymphoma and one a MALT-lymphoma. All patients had clinical and radiological findings consistent with breast cancer and underwent mastectomy, which is not indicated in PBL. Diagnosis should be established prior to operative interventions, as fine needle aspiration missed the diagnosis for one patient and intra-operative frozen sections for 3 patients in our study. Five-year and 10-year overall survivals were 57% and 15%, respectively. Of the 3 patients who died from PBL, 2 had tumors that were Bcl-2 positive but Bcl-6 negative. All 3 surviving patients have positive Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 immunostaining, which could be important prognostic factors if confirmed by a larger study.

  8. Primary breast lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne-Thérèse Vlastos

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The diagnosis, prognostic factors, and optimal management of primary breast lymphomas (PBL is difficult. Seven patients recorded at the Geneva Cancer Registry between 1973-1998 were reviewed. Five patient had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, one a follicular lymphoma and one a MALT-lymphoma. All patients had clinical and radiological findings consistent with breast cancer and underwent mastectomy, which is not indicated in PBL. Diagnosis should be established prior to operative interventions, as fine needle aspiration missed the diagnosis for one patient and intra-operative frozen sections for 3 patients in our study. Five-year and 10-year overall survivals were 57% and 15%, respectively. Of the 3 patients who died from PBL, 2 had tumors that were Bcl-2 positive but Bcl-6 negative. All 3 surviving patients have positive Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 immunostaining, which could be important prognostic factors if confirmed by a larger study.

  9. Primary breast lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Julen, Olivier; Dellacasa, Ilaria; Pelte, Marie-Françoise; Borish, Bettina; Bouchardy, Christine; Capanna, Federica; Vlastos, Georges; Dubuisson, Jean-Bernard; Vlastos, Anne-Thérèse

    2009-01-01

    The diagnosis, prognostic factors, and optimal management of primary breast lymphomas (PBL) is difficult. Seven patients recorded at the Geneva Cancer Registry between 1973–1998 were reviewed. Five patient had diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, one a follicular lymphoma and one a MALT-lymphoma. All patients had clinical and radiological findings consistent with breast cancer and underwent mastectomy, which is not indicated in PBL. Diagnosis should be established prior to operative interventions, as fine needle aspiration missed the diagnosis for one patient and intra-operative frozen sections for 3 patients in our study. Five-year and 10-year overall survivals were 57% and 15%, respectively. Of the 3 patients who died from PBL, 2 had tumors that were Bcl-2 positive but Bcl-6 negative. All 3 surviving patients have positive Bcl-2 and Bcl-6 immunostaining, which could be important prognostic factors if confirmed by a larger study. PMID:21139885

  10. Targeted therapy in lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cavalli Franco

    2010-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Discovery of new treatments for lymphoma that prolong survival and are less toxic than currently available agents represents an urgent unmet need. We now have a better understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of lymphoma, such as aberrant signal transduction pathways, which have led to the discovery and development of targeted therapeutics. The ubiquitin-proteasome and the Akt/mammalian target of rapamycin (mTOR pathways are examples of pathological mechanisms that are being targeted in drug development efforts. Bortezomib (a small molecule protease inhibitor and the mTOR inhibitors temsirolimus, everolimus, and ridaforolimus are some of the targeted therapies currently being studied in the treatment of aggressive, relapsed/refractory lymphoma. This review will discuss the rationale for and summarize the reported findings of initial and ongoing investigations of mTOR inhibitors and other small molecule targeted therapies in the treatment of lymphoma.

  11. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Teens For Kids For Parents MORE ON THIS TOPIC Dealing With Cancer Cancer Center Cancer: Readjusting to Home and School Blood Transfusions Stem Cell Transplants Hodgkin Lymphoma Types of Cancer ...

  12. Plasmablastic Lymphoma In Childhood

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Radhakrishnan R, Suhas S, Kumar RV, et al. Plasmablastic lymphoma of the oral cavity in an HIV-positive child. Oral Surg Oral Med Oral Pathol Oral Radiol. Endod 2005;100(6):725-731. [http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.tripleo.2005.03.028]. 9. Chabay P, De Matteo E, Lorenzetti M, et al. Vulvar plasmablastic lymphoma in a.

  13. The Danish National Lymphoma Registry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Arboe, Bente; El-Galaly, Tarec Christoffer; Clausen, Michael Roost

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: The Danish National Lymphoma Register (LYFO) prospectively includes information on all lymphoma patients newly diagnosed at hematology departments in Denmark. The validity of the clinical information in the LYFO has never been systematically assessed. AIM: To test the coverage and data...... of 3% (N = 364) was made from all patients in the LYFO. In addition, four subtypes of lymphomas were validated: CNS lymphomas, diffuse large B-cell lymphomas, peripheral T-cell lymphomas, and Hodgkin lymphomas. A total of 1,706 patients from the period 2000-2012 were included. The positive predictive...... was good with high PPVs (87% to 100%), and high completeness (92% to 100%). CONCLUSION: The LYFO is a unique, nationwide clinical database characterized by high validity, good coverage and prospective data entry. It represents a valuable resource for future lymphoma research....

  14. [Gastric perforation by MALT lymphoma. Case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    López-Zamudio, José; Ramírez-González, Luis Ricardo; Núñez-Márquez, Julia; Fuentes Orozco, Clotilde; González Ojeda, Alejandro; Leonher-Ruezga, Karla Lisseth

    2015-01-01

    Gastric non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare tumour that represents approximately 7% of all stomach cancers and 2% of all lymphomas. The most frequent location of gastric MALT (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue) lymphomas is in the antrum in 41% of the cases, and 33% can be multifocal. The risk of spontaneous perforation of a gastric MALT lymphoma is 4-10%. 24 year old male patient carrying the Human Immunodeficiency Virus, who began with signs and symptoms of acute abdomen and fever 72 hours before arriving in the emergency room. A computed tomography was performed that showed free fluid in the cavity, and gastric wall thickening. The patient underwent a laparotomy, finding absence of the anterior wall of the stomach, sealed with the left lobe of the liver, colon and omentum. Total gastrectomy, with oesophagosty and jejunostomy tube, was performed. Gastric perforation secondary to a MALT lymphoma is rare, with high mortality. There is limited information reported of this complication and should be highly suspected in order to provide appropriate treatment for a complication of this type. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Published by Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  15. EBV IN HODGKIN LYMPHOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppina Massini

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available Up to 40% of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL cases are associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV. Clonal viral genomes can be found in the HL tumor cells, the Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells (HRS. The latent infection results in expression of the viral oncogenes LMP1 and LMP2A which contribute to generate the particular phenotype of the HRS cells. EBV does not only undergo epigenetic changes of its genome during latency, but also induces epigenetic changes in the host genome. The presence of EBV may alter the composition and activity of the immune cells surrounding the HRS cells. EBV favours a  Th1 reaction, but this attempt at a cell mediated immune response appears to be ineffective. The presence of EBV in HL is associated with several clinicopathological characteristics: It is more frequent in cases with mixed cellular histology, in males, in children and older adults, and in developing countries, while the young-adult onset HL of nodular sclerosis type in industrialized countries is typically EBV-negative. Countries in the Mediterranean area often show  an intermediate epidemiological pattern. Recent studies suggest a genetic predisposition to develop EBV-associated HL. Circulating EBV-DNA may serve as a biomarker to monitor response to therapy, and eventually, EBV will become a target for therapeutic intervention also in HL.

  16. Angiogenesis in non-Hodgkin's lymphoma: clinico-pathological correlations and prognostic significance in specific subtypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jørgensen, J M; Sørensen, Flemming Brandt; Bendix, K

    2007-01-01

    The aim of the study was to evaluate angiogenesis in different subtypes of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) and to correlate angiogenic scores to clinical endpoints. Pre-therapeutic lymph node biopsies from 308 patients with NHL [107 follicular B-cell lymphoma (FL), 94 diffuse large B-cell lymphoma...... (DLBCL), 107 peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL)] were studied. Microvessels were scored according to the Chalkley and microvessel density method (MVD) methods. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) protein expression was evaluated by immunohistochemistry. Both Chalkley and MVD methods showed......, that the lymphoma subtypes differed significantly in angiogenic scores (P

  17. Large-cell lymphocytic lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1983-04-09

    Apr 9, 1983 ... 3. Lukes RJ, Collins RD. Immunologic characterization of human malignant lymphomas. Cancer 1974; 34: 1488-1503. 4. The Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Pathologic Classification Project. National. Cancer Institute sponsored study of classifications of non-Hodgkin's lymphomas: summary and descciption of ...

  18. Primary testicular Ph-positive B lymphoblastic lymphoma: an unusual presentation and review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhu, Jiling; Zhang, Shiying; Zhu, Li; Li, Xinlu; Wang, Ying; Duan, Yaqi; Huang, Wei

    2015-01-01

    Primary testicular B-lymphoblastic lymphoma is a rare entity. Primary testicular Ph-positive B lymphoblastic lymphoma was not reported before. We reported a 27-year-old man with primary testicular Ph-positive B lymphoblastic lymphoma, for which fluorescent in-situ hybridization (FISH) for the Philadelphia chromosome was not performed at the initial hospitalization. The patient showed manifestation of Ph-positive acute lymphoblastic leukemia at relapse. In this report, we reviewed the current literature about primary testicular B-lymphoblastic lymphoma, Ph-positive lymphoma and Ph-positive clone evolution. This report has 3 meanings. First: This is first report on primary testicular Ph-positive B lymphoblastic lymphoma. Second: This shows the importance of cytogenics for lymphoma treatment. Third: This implies Philadelphia-positive subclone evolution.

  19. An unusual presentation of Burkitt's lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    An examination under anaesthesia and cystos- copy with biopsy showed normal bladder mucosa and schistosomiasis. However despite treatment with praziquantel ... References. 1. Burkitt DPA. Sarcoma involving the jaws in African children. BTJ Surg 1958;46:218-223. 2. Burkitt DP. The discovery of Burkitt's lymphoma.

  20. Lymphoma and Lactic Acidosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    McKay, John W; Delbeke, Dominique; Sandler, Martin P

    2017-05-01

    A 39-year-old man presented with new onset of sinus congestion, shortness of breath, and diaphoresis. His laboratory tests were notable for hypercalcemia and lactic acidosis. A CT scan of the head demonstrated mild paranasal disease. CT scan of the chest, abdomen, and pelvis demonstrated omental caking with lymphadenopathy and a thickened loop of bowel in the left upper quadrant suggestive of lymphoma. All abdominal lesions seen in the CT were intensely F-FDG avid with diffuse uptake in the bone marrow. There was markedly decreased F-FDG uptake in both the brain and liver. Histopathology was positive for Burkitt lymphoma.

  1. Lymphoma of the Cervix

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juanita Parnis

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkins lymphoma of the uterine cervix is a very rare diagnosis. A 54-year-old woman presented with a 3-month history of postmenopausal bleeding per vaginum. On examination, a friable, fungating lesion was seen on the cervix. Histology revealed a CD 20 positive high-grade non-Hodgkin’s diffuse large B cell lymphoma from cervical biopsies and endometrial curettage. She was diagnosed as stage IE after workup and subsequently treated with six cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy followed by radiotherapy of the involved field.

  2. A case of API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujita, Akashi; Tajika, Masahiro; Tanaka, Tsutomu; Ishihara, Makoto; Hirayama, Yutaka; Mizuno, Nobumasa; Hara, Kazuo; Hijioka, Susumu; Imaoka, Hiroshi; Yoshida, Tsukasa; Okuno, Nozomi; Hieda, Nobuhiro; Hirayama, Takashi; Shibuya, Hitoshi; Kondo, Hisashi; Suzuki, Hirotaka; Toriyama, Kazuhiro; Yatabe, Yasushi; Yamao, Kenji; Niwa, Yasumasa

    2017-02-01

    API2-MALT1 translocation-positive gastric marginal zone lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is thought to transform to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) rarely. A 69-year-old man presented with epigastralgia. Esophagogastroduodenoscopy showed multiple ulcerations in the stomach. Endoscopic biopsies revealed MALT lymphoma, with Helicobacter pylori infection. The patient underwent eradication therapy with no improvement, and was thereafter followed without additional therapy at his request. Twelve years after initial diagnosis, follow-up computed tomography (CT) showed multiple nodules in bilateral lungs, and a needle biopsy revealed MALT lymphoma, the same as in the stomach and API2-MALT1 translocation was found. Because he again refused additional therapy, follow-up was continued. 15 years after initial diagnosis, CT showed lymphadenopathy at the splenic hilum. At first we suspected disease progression of gastric MALT lymphoma, however a needle biopsy revealed DLBCL without API2-MALT1. Thus, the tumor at the splenic hilum was finally diagnosed as a de novo DLBCL as a second malignancy. Although treatment with rituximab given his age and his wishes was attempted, he died of DLBCL 15 years after the initial diagnosis. We experienced an API2-MALT1-positive gastric MALT lymphoma with concomitant DLBCL, not transformed to DLBCL over a 15-year clinical course.

  3. Lymphoma risk in systemic lupus: effects of disease activity versus treatment

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bernatsky, Sasha; Ramsey-Goldman, Rosalind; Joseph, Lawrence; Boivin, Jean-Francois; Costenbader, Karen H; Urowitz, Murray B; Gladman, Dafna D; Fortin, Paul R; Nived, Ola; Petri, Michelle A; Jacobsen, Soren; Manzi, Susan; Ginzler, Ellen M; Isenberg, David; Rahman, Anisur; Gordon, Caroline; Ruiz-Irastorza, Guillermo; Yelin, Edward; Bae, Sang-Cheol; Wallace, Daniel J; Peschken, Christine A; Dooley, Mary Anne; Edworthy, Steven M; Aranow, Cynthia; Kamen, Diane L; Romero-Diaz, Juanita; Askanase, Anca; Witte, Torsten; Barr, Susan G; Criswell, Lindsey A; Sturfelt, Gunnar K; Blanco, Irene; Feldman, Candace H; Dreyer, Lene; Patel, Neha M; Pierre, Yvan St; Clarke, Ann E

    2013-01-01

    Objective To examine disease activity versus treatment as lymphoma risk factors in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). Methods We performed case–cohort analyses within a multisite SLE cohort. Cancers were ascertained by regional registry linkages. Adjusted HRs for lymphoma were generated in regression models, for time-dependent exposures to immunomodulators (cyclophosphamide, azathioprine, methotrexate, mycophenolate, antimalarial drugs, glucocorticoids) demographics, calendar year, Sjogren’s syndrome, SLE duration and disease activity. We used adjusted mean SLE Disease Activity Index scores (SLEDAI-2K) over time, and drugs were treated both categorically (ever/never) and as estimated cumulative doses. Results We studied 75 patients with lymphoma (72 non-Hodgkin, three Hodgkin) and 4961 cancer-free controls. Most lymphomas were of B-cell origin. As is seen in the general population, lymphoma risk in SLE was higher in male than female patients and increased with age. Lymphomas occurred a mean of 12.4 years (median 10.9) after SLE diagnosis. Unadjusted and adjusted analyses failed to show a clear association of disease activity with lymphoma risk. There was a suggestion of greater exposure to cyclophosphamide and to higher cumulative steroids in lymphoma cases than the cancer-free controls. Conclusions In this large SLE sample, there was a suggestion of higher lymphoma risk with exposure to cyclophosphamide and high cumulative steroids. Disease activity itself was not clearly associated with lymphoma risk. Further work will focus on genetic profiles that might interact with medication exposure to influence lymphoma risk in SLE. PMID:23303389

  4. Treatment Option Overview (Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  5. Treatment Option Overview (Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  6. Treatment Options for Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  7. General Information about Primary CNS Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  8. Treatment Option Overview (Primary CNS Lymphoma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  9. Treatment Options for Primary CNS Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  10. General Information about Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  11. General Information about Childhood Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  12. Treatment Options for Hodgkin Lymphoma during Pregnancy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  13. Lymphoma classification update: B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Manli; Bennani, N Nora; Feldman, Andrew L

    2017-05-01

    Lymphomas are classified based on the normal counterpart, or cell of origin, from which they arise. Because lymphocytes have physiologic immune functions that vary both by lineage and by stage of differentiation, the classification of lymphomas arising from these normal lymphoid populations is complex. Recent genomic data have contributed additional complexity. Areas covered: Lymphoma classification follows the World Health Organization (WHO) system, which reflects international consensus and is based on pathological, genetic, and clinical factors. A 2016 revision to the WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms recently was reported. The present review focuses on B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphomas, the most common group of lymphomas, and summarizes recent changes most relevant to hematologists and other clinicians who care for lymphoma patients. Expert commentary: Lymphoma classification is a continually evolving field that needs to be responsive to new clinical, pathological, and molecular understanding of lymphoid neoplasia. Among the entities covered in this review, the 2016 revision of the WHO classification particularly impact the subclassification and genetic stratification of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and high-grade B-cell lymphomas, and reflect evolving criteria and nomenclature for indolent B-cell lymphomas and lymphoproliferative disorders.

  14. Subtype distribution of lymphomas in Southwest China: Analysis of 6,382 cases using WHO classification in a single institution

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wang Xiao-Qing

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The subtype distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in Southwest China was analyzed according to WHO classifications. This study aims to analyze subtype distribution of lymphomas in southwest China. Methods Lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed within 9 years in a single institution in Southwest China were analyzed according to the WHO classification. Results From January 2000 to December 2008, a total number of 6,382 patients with lymphoma were established, of which mature B-cell neoplasms accounted for 56%, mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms occupied 26%, and precursor lymphoid neoplasms and Hodgkin lymphomas were 5% and 13%, respectively. Mixed cellularity (76% was the major subtype of classical Hodgkin lymphoma; and the bimodal age distribution was not observed. The top six subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma were as follows: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue, follicular lymphoma, precursor lymphoid neoplasms, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Extranodal lymphomas comprised about half of all cases, and most frequently involved Waldeyer's ring, gastrointestinal tract, sinonasal region and skin. Conclusions The lymphoid neoplasms of Southwest China displayed some epidemiologic features similar to those reported in literature from western and Asian countries, as well as other regions of China, whereas some subtypes showed distinct features. The high frequency of mature T/NK cell neoplasms and extranodal lymphomas, especially for extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is the most outstanding characteristic of this series.

  15. Subtype distribution of lymphomas in Southwest China: analysis of 6,382 cases using WHO classification in a single institution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yang, Qun-Pei; Zhang, Wen-Yan; Yu, Jian-Bo; Zhao, Sha; Xu, Huan; Wang, Wei-Ya; Bi, Cheng-Feng; Zuo, Zhuo; Wang, Xiao-Qing; Huang, Juan; Dai, Lin; Liu, Wei-Ping

    2011-08-22

    The subtype distribution of lymphoid neoplasms in Southwest China was analyzed according to WHO classifications. This study aims to analyze subtype distribution of lymphomas in southwest China. Lymphoid neoplasms diagnosed within 9 years in a single institution in Southwest China were analyzed according to the WHO classification. From January 2000 to December 2008, a total number of 6,382 patients with lymphoma were established, of which mature B-cell neoplasms accounted for 56%, mature T- and NK-cell neoplasms occupied 26%, and precursor lymphoid neoplasms and Hodgkin lymphomas were 5% and 13%, respectively. Mixed cellularity (76%) was the major subtype of classical Hodgkin lymphoma; and the bimodal age distribution was not observed. The top six subtypes of non-Hodgkin lymphoma were as follows: diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, extranodal marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue, follicular lymphoma, precursor lymphoid neoplasms, and chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Extranodal lymphomas comprised about half of all cases, and most frequently involved Waldeyer's ring, gastrointestinal tract, sinonasal region and skin. The lymphoid neoplasms of Southwest China displayed some epidemiologic features similar to those reported in literature from western and Asian countries, as well as other regions of China, whereas some subtypes showed distinct features. The high frequency of mature T/NK cell neoplasms and extranodal lymphomas, especially for extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, is the most outstanding characteristic of this series.

  16. Ocular Adnexal Follicular Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Peter K; Coupland, Sarah E; Finger, Paul T

    2014-01-01

    IMPORTANCE The clinical features of the follicular subtype of ocular adnexal lymphoma (OAL) have not been previously evaluated in a large cohort. OBJECTIVE To characterize the clinical features of follicular OAL. DESIGN, SETTING, AND PARTICIPANTS We performed a retrospective multicenter study tha...

  17. Lymphoma of the Eyelid

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Svendsen, Frederik Holm; Rasmussen, Peter Kristian; Coupland, Sarah E.

    2017-01-01

    Purpose To document subtype-specific clinical features of lymphoma of the eyelid, and their effect on patient outcome. Design Retrospective observational case series. Methods Patient data were collected from 7 international eye cancer centers from January 1, 1980 through December 31, 2015. The ca...

  18. Centrofacial angiocentric lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Peral-Cagigal, Beatriz; Galdeano-Arenas, María; Crespo-Pinilla, Juan Ignacio; García-Cantera, José Miguel; Sánchez-Cuéllar, Luis Antonio; Verrier-Hernández, Alberto

    2005-01-01

    The centrofacial angiocentric lymphoma is a rare lymphoid neoplasm, with an often-difficult diagnosis due to the non-specific clinical picture. On many occasions it is necessary to perform various biopsies to reach the correct diagnosis. This lymphoma is an aggressive Non-Hodgkin's (NHL) type, which is normally found in the upper respiratory tract (predominantly in the nasal cavity), and has an ominous prognosis, as the average survival rate is between 12 and 18 months (1). It is predominantly found in subjects of oriental and South American extraction, who are between the ages of 50 and 60 years and with a slight tendency towards males (2:1). This is the case study of a female Ecuadorian patient who was referred to our department with a hemifacial edema, chocolate- like rhinorrhea and nasal respiratory obstruction, which had been treated with antibiotics and anti-inflammatories for a month without success. After performing a number of diagnostic tests, it was found histologically that the patient had an extranodal T-cell lymphoma of the nasal type (also known as T-cell angiocentric lymphoma).

  19. Lymphoma: Immune Evasion Strategies

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Upadhyay, Ranjan; Hammerich, Linda; Peng, Paul [Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029 (United States); Brown, Brian [Department of Genetics and Genomic Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029 (United States); Merad, Miriam [Department of Oncological Sciences, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029 (United States); Brody, Joshua D., E-mail: joshua.brody@mssm.edu [Division of Hematology and Medical Oncology, Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, New York, NY 10029 (United States)

    2015-04-30

    While the cellular origin of lymphoma is often characterized by chromosomal translocations and other genetic aberrations, its growth and development into a malignant neoplasm is highly dependent upon its ability to escape natural host defenses. Neoplastic cells interact with a variety of non-malignant cells in the tumor milieu to create an immunosuppressive microenvironment. The resulting functional impairment and dysregulation of tumor-associated immune cells not only allows for passive growth of the malignancy but may even provide active growth signals upon which the tumor subsequently becomes dependent. In the past decade, the success of immune checkpoint blockade and adoptive cell transfer for relapsed or refractory lymphomas has validated immunotherapy as a possible treatment cornerstone. Here, we review the mechanisms by which lymphomas have been found to evade and even reprogram the immune system, including alterations in surface molecules, recruitment of immunosuppressive subpopulations, and secretion of anti-inflammatory factors. A fundamental understanding of the immune evasion strategies utilized by lymphomas may lead to better prognostic markers and guide the development of targeted interventions that are both safer and more effective than current standards of care.

  20. Craniocerebral involvement in lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jorge D. Correale

    1990-09-01

    Full Text Available Nine-hundred-eighty-nine patients with lymphoma were studied. Fifty-three cases (5.3% had lymphomatous craniocerebral infiltration. The principal factors of risk for this complication were: advanced stage of the lymphoma (III or IV, diffuse histiocytic, diffuse poorly differentiated lymphocytic, or mixed cellularity lymphoma histological type, bone marrow involvement, and previous systemic chemotherapy. Thirty-two per cent of the cases of meningeal lymphomatous infiltration were asymptomatic and represented autopsy findings. CT-scan was an useful test to detect brain focal parenchymatous infiltration, as opposed to meningeal infiltration. Mean survival time in patients with lymphomatous meningeal infiltration was 4.3 months, following the combined use of systemic chemotherapy, radiation therapy and intrathecal methotrexate. Two cases had primary cerebral lymphoma, although without associated immunodeficiency Twenty patients (2% had intracranial hemorrhage, in clear relationship with platelet alterations. Fifteen patients (1.5% had CNS infection, caused by common bacteriae or opportunistic agents. In 7 cases, the diagnosis was made at autopsy. Thirty-six autopsies were performed. In 8 cases (22%, pathologic findings such as, demyelination, microcalcificat ons, coagulative necrosis, or gliosis, suggested complications from treatment.

  1. Four Lymphomas in 1 Patient: A Unique Case of Triple Composite Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Followed by Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tennese, Alysa; Skrabek, Pamela J; Nasr, Michel R; Sekiguchi, Debora R; Morales, Carmen; Brown, Theresa C; Weisenburger, Dennis D; Perry, Anamarija M

    2017-05-01

    Composite lymphomas consist of 2 or more distinct lymphomas occurring in a single anatomical site or simultaneously in different sites and can be composed of any combination of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), T-cell NHL, or Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). Cases of composite lymphomas with more than 2 lymphomas are extremely rare, with only 4 reports in the literature. We report the case of a 49-year-old man with a triple composite lymphoma in a single lymph node, consisting of small lymphocytic lymphoma, follicular lymphoma, and mantle cell lymphoma in situ. The patient received multiple courses of chemotherapy and an autologous stem cell transplant, which resulted in complete remission. Then, 6 years after the stem cell transplant, he developed classical HL. This unique case is, to our knowledge, the first report of a patient with triple composite lymphoma consisting of 3 small mature B-cell NHLs, who subsequently developed a fourth lymphoma.

  2. Small lymphocytic lymphoma in a patient with CREST syndrome.

    Science.gov (United States)

    William, Basem M; Harbert, Tracey; Ganti, Apar K; Bierman, Philip J

    2011-01-01

    We report a case of a 61-year-old man with a history of CREST syndrome (calcinosis cutis, Raynaud phenomenon, esophageal dysmotility, sclerodactyly, and telangiectasia) who presented for evaluation of thrombocytopenia. He had evident cervical adenopathy and lymph node biopsy showed small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) with evident systemic adenopathy and bone marrow involvement. The patient achieved a complete remission with FCR (fludarabine/cyclophosphamide/rituximab) chemotherapy. About 30 cases of lymphomas are reported in the literature in association with systemic sclerosis. To our knowledge, there are no reports of a small lymphocytic lymphoma (SLL) in association with limited cutaneous systemic sclerosis with classic features of the CREST syndrome.

  3. Entospletinib and Obinutuzumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma, or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-24

    Anemia; B-Cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia; Fatigue; Fever; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3a Follicular Lymphoma; Hairy Cell Leukemia; Lymphadenopathy; Lymphocytosis; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Night Sweats; Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Refractory Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Richter Syndrome; Splenomegaly; Thrombocytopenia; Weight Loss

  4. Clinical and pathological classification of canine intraocular lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lanza, Matthew R; Musciano, Ayla R; Dubielzig, Richard D; Durham, Amy C

    2017-07-17

    The objectives of this retrospective study of 100 dogs with intraocular lymphoma were to describe the histomorphologic and immunohistochemical features of canine intraocular lymphoma, determine the proportion of cases with presumed solitary ocular lymphoma (PSOL) compared to multicentric disease, and assess the clinical outcomes of these patients. Selected cases from Penn Vet Diagnostic Laboratory and Comparative Ocular Pathology Lab of Wisconsin (2004-2015) were evaluated and subtyped using the WHO classification system. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma were the two most common subtypes. Questionnaires were distributed to the referring veterinarians and veterinary ophthalmologists inquiring about clinical signs at time of enucleation, staging, patient outcome, treatment, and disease progression. Cases were categorized as PSOL if only ocular involvement was noted at the time of diagnosis based on the clinical staging criteria. The majority of cases (61%) did not have systemic involvement at the time of diagnosis, and these cases did not progress postoperatively. Median survival time (MST) was significantly higher for the presumed solitary intraocular cases: 769 vs. 103 days, hazard ratio of 0.23 (95% CI: 0.077-0.68). The subtype of lymphoma did not affect survival time. The results of this study suggest two significant points of clinical interest: the majority of dogs (61%) presented without signs of systemic involvement of lymphoma at the time of enucleation, and dogs with only ocular involvement showed no disease progression postenucleation. © 2017 American College of Veterinary Ophthalmologists.

  5. Treatment Option Overview (AIDS Related-Lymphoma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... spreading to the central nervous system (CNS). For treatment, AIDS-related lymphomas are grouped based on where they ... only to patients who have not started treatment. Treatment of AIDS-related lymphoma combines treatment of the lymphoma with ...

  6. General Information about AIDS-Related Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... spreading to the central nervous system (CNS). For treatment, AIDS-related lymphomas are grouped based on where they ... only to patients who have not started treatment. Treatment of AIDS-related lymphoma combines treatment of the lymphoma with ...

  7. Genetics of Follicular Lymphoma Transformation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Laura Pasqualucci

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Follicular lymphoma (FL is an indolent disease, but 30%–40% of cases undergo histologic transformation to an aggressive malignancy, typically represented by diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL. The pathogenesis of this process remains largely unknown. Using whole-exome sequencing and copy-number analysis, we show here that the dominant clone of FL and transformed FL (tFL arise by divergent evolution from a common mutated precursor through the acquisition of distinct genetic events. Mutations in epigenetic modifiers and antiapoptotic genes are introduced early in the common precursor, whereas tFL is specifically associated with alterations deregulating cell-cycle progression and DNA damage responses (CDKN2A/B, MYC, and TP53 as well as aberrant somatic hypermutation. The genomic profile of tFL shares similarities with that of germinal center B cell-type de novo DLBCL but also displays unique combinations of altered genes with diagnostic and therapeutic implications.

  8. MRI findings of pancreatic lymphoma and autoimmune pancreatitis: A comparative study

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ishigami, Kousei, E-mail: Ishigamikousei@aol.co [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Tajima, Tsuyoshi; Nishie, Akihiro; Ushijima, Yasuhiro [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Fujita, Nobuhiro [Department of Anatomic Pathology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Asayama, Yoshiki; Kakihara, Daisuke; Irie, Hiroyuki [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan); Ito, Tetsuhide; Igarashi, Hisato [Department of Medicine and Bioregulatory Science, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Nakamura, Masafumi [Department of Surgery and Oncology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University (Japan); Honda, Hiroshi [Department of Clinical Radiology, Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Kyushu University, 3-1-1 Maidashi, Higashi-ku, Fukuoka, 812-8582 (Japan)

    2010-06-15

    Purpose: To clarify whether there are differences in MRI findings between pancreatic lymphomas and autoimmune pancreatitis (AIP). Materials and methods: MRI of 8 patients with pancreatic lymphomas and 21 patients with AIP were retrospectively reviewed. For multifocal pancreatic lymphomas (n = 2) and AIP (n = 4), the largest 2 lesions were evaluated. Ten pancreatic lymphomas and 25 AIP were compared on three bases: the signal intensity on T2-weighted images, internal homogeneity, and presence or absence of capsule-like rim. In 8 lymphomas and 19 AIP, the enhancement pattern on dynamic MRI was compared, as well. Results: On T2-weighted images, pancreatic lymphomas comprised 5, 5 and 4 lesions with low (iso), slightly high, and moderately high intensity, respectively, while the numbers for AIP were 14, 10, and 1 (P < 0.01). Nine of 10 (90%) lymphomas appeared homogenous, and 11 of 25 (44%) AIP were homogenous (P < 0.05). A capsule-like rim was present in 9 of 25 (36%) AIP, but was not seen in lymphomas (P < 0.05). On dynamic MRI, 18 of 19 (94.7%) AIP showed persistent (n = 5) or delayed enhancement (n = 13), and 6 of 8 (75%) lymphomas showed low intensity without delayed enhancement (P < 0.001). Conclusion: MRI findings for pancreatic lymphomas and AIP were significantly different, which may be helpful for the differential diagnosis of these two diseases.

  9. [Cervicofacial cellulitis revealing cutaneous lymphomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benbouzid, M A; Bencheikh, R; Benhammou, A; El Edghiri, H; Boulaich, M; Essakali, L; Kzadri, M

    2007-06-01

    The cervicofacial localization of cutaneous lymphomas is rare. These lymphomas usually present as a long-lasting and treatment-refractory papule or nodule. Lymphomas can also be revealed by cervicofacial cellulitis. We report 2 cases of cervicofacial cellulitis revealing a cutaneous lymphoma. The diagnosis was proved by multiple biopsies, performed because there was no clinical improvement in spite of an aggressive and adequate antibiotherapy. Our 2 patients were treated by radio and chemotherapy. Cutaneous lymphomas are lymphocytic proliferations stemming from cutaneous lymphoid tissue, without nodal, medullary, or visceral localization. Their clinical presentation is quite polymorphic, and cellulitis is one of the modes of revelation, especially forehead and neck localization. They have no portal of entry and are resistant to treatment. The diagnosis relies on histology, and biopsies must be performed if there is a suspicion of lymphoma. The treatment is radio and chemotherapy, and the evolution depends on the tumoral stage.

  10. Rhinoscleroma and nasal non-Hodgkin lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oliveira, Henrique Fernandes de

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Rhinoscleroma, a rare nasal granulomatous disease, is caused by Klebsiella rhinoscleromatis. The nose is the primary occurrence region. Nasal non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare cancer, and could be of T or B type. The rhinoscleroma and the nasal non-Hodgkin lymphoma present with nasal obstruction as the main symptom, and are part of the nasal granulomatosis differential diagnosis. Objective: To report the association of rhinoscleroma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma in the same patient, by remarking the importance of the nasal granulomatosis' differential diagnosis. Case Report: A forty-nine year old female patient that appeared with a one-month progressive nasal obstruction. Rhinoscopy showed papillomatous feature lesion in left middle meatus. The immunohistochemical analysis confirmed rhinoscleroma. The patient was duly treated with total remission of the lesion. Ten months after, she returned with the same symptoms, but the histologic study confirmed non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Final Comments: Both pathologies may cause more severe nasal symptoms and complications. The early diagnostic enables the choice for the right treatment and contributes for the prognosis. The immunohistochemical study was essential for the diagnostic differentiation.

  11. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma response evaluation with MRI texture classification

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heinonen Tomi T

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To show magnetic resonance imaging (MRI texture appearance change in non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL during treatment with response controlled by quantitative volume analysis. Methods A total of 19 patients having NHL with an evaluable lymphoma lesion were scanned at three imaging timepoints with 1.5T device during clinical treatment evaluation. Texture characteristics of images were analyzed and classified with MaZda application and statistical tests. Results NHL tissue MRI texture imaged before treatment and under chemotherapy was classified within several subgroups, showing best discrimination with 96% correct classification in non-linear discriminant analysis of T2-weighted images. Texture parameters of MRI data were successfully tested with statistical tests to assess the impact of the separability of the parameters in evaluating chemotherapy response in lymphoma tissue. Conclusion Texture characteristics of MRI data were classified successfully; this proved texture analysis to be potential quantitative means of representing lymphoma tissue changes during chemotherapy response monitoring.

  12. Multimodality imaging of cardiothoracic lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Carter, Brett W., E-mail: bcarter2@mdanderson.org [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Section of Thoracic Imaging, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Unit 1478, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Wu, Carol C. [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, FND-202, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Khorashadi, Leila [Department of Radiology, Mount Auburn Hospital, Cambridge, MA 02138 (United States); Godoy, Myrna C.B.; Groot, Patricia M. de [The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Department of Diagnostic Radiology, Section of Thoracic Imaging, 1515 Holcombe Blvd., Unit 1478, Houston, TX 77030 (United States); Abbott, Gerald F. [Department of Radiology, Massachusetts General Hospital, 55 Fruit Street, FND-202, Boston, MA 02114 (United States); Lichtenberger III, John P. [Department of Radiology, David Grant Medical Center, Travis AFB, CA 94535 (United States)

    2014-08-15

    Lymphoma is the most common hematologic malignancy and represents approximately 5.3% of all cancers. The World Health Organization published a revised classification scheme in 2008 that groups lymphomas by cell type and molecular, cytogenetic, and phenotypic characteristics. Most lymphomas affect the thorax at some stage during the course of the disease. Affected structures within the chest may include the lungs, mediastinum, pleura, and chest wall, and lymphomas may originate from these sites as primary malignancies or secondarily involve these structures after arising from other intrathoracic or extrathoracic sources. Pulmonary lymphomas are classified into one of four types: primary pulmonary lymphoma, secondary pulmonary lymphoma, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related lymphoma, and post-transplantation lymphoproliferative disorders. Although pulmonary lymphomas may produce a myriad of diverse findings within the lungs, specific individual features or combinations of features can be used, in combination with secondary manifestations of the disease such as involvement of the mediastinum, pleura, and chest wall, to narrow the differential diagnosis. While findings of thoracic lymphoma may be evident on chest radiography, computed tomography has traditionally been the imaging modality used to evaluate the disease and effectively demonstrates the extent of intrathoracic involvement and the presence and extent of extrathoracic spread. However, additional modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging of the thorax and {sup 18}F-FDG PET/CT have emerged in recent years and are complementary to CT in the evaluation of patients with lymphoma. Thoracic MRI is useful in assessing vascular, cardiac, and chest wall involvement, and PET/CT is more accurate in the overall staging of lymphoma than CT and can be used to evaluate treatment response.

  13. Clinico-hematological Profile of 184 Patients with Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma: An Experience from Southern Pakistan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sultan, Sadia; Irfan, Syed Mohammed; Rashid, Anila; Parveen, Saira; Nawaz, Neesha

    2017-09-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) is a diverse group of lymphoma comprises of divergent tumors with paradoxical clinical behaviors and potential difference in response to therapy. We conducted a data-base analysis on NHL patients to evaluate the clinico-epidemiological features and WHO spectrum of NHL in Pakistani patients. This descriptive study was conducted over a period of 5 years from January 2011 to December 2015 at Hematology department of Liaquat National Hospital. All NHL cases were diagnosed by morphology on H&E sections and Immunohistochemical profile according to WHO classification of lymphoid neoplasms. 184 histopathologically confirmed cases of NHL were identified. There were 139 males and 45 females, with a male to female ratio of 3: 1. The mean age was 48.5±16.0 years with the median age of 50 years. B symptoms were present in 80.4% of patients. Lymph node enlargement was present in 71.1% of the cases. 168 patients ad B-cell lymphoma (91.3%) and 16 patients had T-cell (8.6%) lymphoma. Overall 158 (85.8%) patients had aggressive lymphoma. Histopathologically, Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma constituted major subtype in 67.9%, followed by follicular lymphoma in 7.6% patients. Marginal lymphoma in 3.8%patients, 3.2% patients had mantle cell, 2.7% patients of anaplastic large cell and 2.1% patients each for Burkitt's lymphoma and T-cell rich lymphoma. In T cell neoplasm, peripheral T cell lymphoma and adult T cell lymphoma are the main variants accountable in 4.3% and 3.2% respectively. B cell lymphoma is more frequent than T cell lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma being the commonest NHL. Our analysis shows that clinicopathological features of NHL are comparable to published data. However, aggressive lymphoma and predominance of B symptoms are more frequently seen.

  14. Smoldering mantle cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, Haige; Desai, Aakash; Zeng, Dongfeng; Nomie, Krystle; Romaguera, Jorge; Ahmed, Makhdum; Wang, Michael L

    2017-12-15

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is an aggressive disease, with poor prognosis and a limited survival. However, some patients with indolent MCL can survive beyond 7~10 years. These patients remain largely asymptomatic and can be in observation for a long time without any treatment. The process of "wait and watch" leaves these patients with the potential risk of evolution to classic, aggressive MCL. On the other hand, early treatment for these patients may not impact overall survival but rather affects the quality of life. Therefore, it is essential to clearly identify this type of indolent MCL at the time of diagnosis. Reported findings of indolent presentation of MCL include: lack of B symptoms, normal serum lactic dehydrogenase (LDH) and β2-microglobulin levels (β2M), low MCL-International Prognostic Index (MIPI) score, maximum tumor diameter less than 3 cm, spleen size Smoldering Mantle Cell Lymphoma".

  15. Composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma components: A case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Gaurav; Nguyen, Austin Huy; Kendric, Kayla; Caponetti, Gabriel C

    2016-12-01

    Composite lymphoma (CL) is an infrequently diagnosed entity in which two or more distinct types of lymphomas occur synchronously in the same organ or anatomical site. Most commonly, CLs are composed of two non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas. We present a case of a composite lymphoma with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (DLBCL-NOS) and classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) components involving the terminal ileum, colon and pericolic lymph nodes. Immunohistochemical evaluation for determination of cell of origin of the DLBCL-NOS component indicated a germinal center B-cell subtype. Immunoglobulin heavy chain fragment length analysis revealed identical dominant monoclonal peaks on the DH1-6-JH reaction, and also a dominant monoclonal peak observed only in the framework II reaction done on the CHL component, indicating a partial clonal relationship between the two components. Additionally, a review of the available literature reveals a total of 20 previously reported cases of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components, and most of the tested cases showed clonal relationship between the two components. The overall findings indicate that in most cases, the two components of CL with DLBCL-NOS and CHL components are clonally related, and suggest a shared origin from a common B-cell precursor. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  16. Primary B-cell Lymphoma of the Thyroid Featuring the Different Ultrasonographic Findings

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Ji Na; Choi, Yoon Jung; Kim, Dong Hoon [Kangbuk Samsung Medical Center, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2009-06-15

    We review here 3 cases of primary thyroid lymphoma that we experienced during the past 5 years (age range: 39-55, all of the patients were female). The clinical and various ultrasonographic characteristics together with the other imaging modalities of primary thyroid lymphomas are described. The clinical features at presentation for one patient were a goiter with rapid growth and this was accompanied by compressive symptoms. The tumors of the other 2 patients were incidentally found during screening thyroid ultrasound exams. The pathologic studies of 2 cases showed a diffuse B-cell lymphoma with associated Hashimoto's thyroiditis and one case was a B-cell lymphoma of the MALT type. An extra-thyroid extension was shown in one case. The treatments included surgery alone for two cases, and chemotherapy and radiation therapy for one case. A US exam of thyroid lymphoma can show various morphological features, and US-CNB is helpful for diagnosing thyroid lymphoma.

  17. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma, ALK-positive.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ferreri, Andrés J M; Govi, Silvia; Pileri, Stefano A; Savage, Kerry J

    2012-08-01

    Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive (ALK+ ALCL) is an aggressive CD30-positive T-cell lymphoma that exhibits a chromosomal translocation involving the ALK gene and the expression of ALK protein. No particular risk factor has been clearly identified for ALCL. ALK+ ALCL shows a broad morphologic spectrum, but all cases contain a variable proportion of cells with eccentric, horseshoe- or kidney-shaped nuclei often with an eosinophilic region near the nucleus (hallmark cells). Five morphologic patterns can be recognized. ALK+ ALCL occurs in young subjects (median age ∼35 years), with male predominance, and frequently presents at an advanced stage, with systemic symptoms and extranodal involvement. Near 40% of patients are low risk according to the International Prognostic Index (IPI). Overall, the prognosis of ALK+ ALCL is remarkably better than other T-cell lymphomas. The IPI and the PIT scores in general predict survival in patients with ALK+ ALCL. Standard first-line treatment for ALK+ ALCL consists of doxorubicin-containing polychemotherapy, which is associated with an overall response rate of ∼90%, a 5-year relapse-free survival of ∼60%, and a 5-year overall survival of 70%. Excellent results have been reported with a variety of anthracycline-based chemotherapy regimens including CHOP, CHOEP or MACOP-B. Consolidative high-dose chemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplantation (HDC/ASCT) has also been evaluated in patients in first remission with favourable results, however, superiority to standard chemotherapy is unproven and this approach remains investigational. Following universally accepted guidelines for the treatment of failed aggressive lymphomas, HDC/ASCT can effectively salvage a proportion of patients with relapsed or refractory ALK+ ALCL. Recently, the development of novel therapies targeting CD30 and ALK appear promising. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Frequent alteration of MDM2 and p53 in the molecular progression of recurring non-Hodgkin's lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, Michael Boe; Nielsen, O; Pedersen, Niels Tinggaard

    2002-01-01

    -Hodgkin's lymphoma. METHODS AND RESULTS: We have analysed sequential biopsies from 42 non-Hodgkin's lymphoma patients immunohistochemically for p53 alterations (based on p53 and p21Waf1 expression), as well as for expression of MDM2, p27Kip1 and cyclin D3. Relapse of follicle centre lymphoma was associated with p53...... alterations as 5/6 (83%) follicle centre lymphomas with normal p53 at diagnosis showed p53 alterations at relapse. Of these cases, three showed transformation to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. p53 alteration was also associated with relapse of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and T-cell non......-Hodgkin's lymphoma, as 2/5 (40%) diffuse large B-cell lymphomas and 3/9 (33%) T-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphomas with normal p53 at diagnosis showed p53 alterations at relapse. No indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma case showed MDM2 over-expression at diagnosis, whereas 4/5 (80%) transformed diffuse large B-cell lymphomas...

  19. Multimodal Imaging and Clinicopathologic Correlation in Primary Uveal Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandon Erickson

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: We report a rare case of primary uveal lymphoma and characterize it using histopathology and multimodal imaging. Patient and Methods: A 41-year-old male presented with a 2-year history of increasingly blurry vision in his right eye and no systemic symptoms. Examination revealed a retinal detachment and mass lesion in the right eye. Radiologic and histologic testing was performed. Results: Multimodal imaging localized the lesion to the choroid, and fine needle aspiration biopsy diagnosed the lesion as a low-grade B-cell lymphoma. The patient was treated with external beam radiation, resulting in regression of the mass and resolution of the retinal detachment. Conclusions: Primary uveal lymphoma is a rare, usually indolent tumor that carries a good prognosis. In this case, we show that primary uveal lymphoma has distinct findings via histopathology and multimodal imaging, and that imaging after radiation treatment documents disease regression.

  20. Lymphoma classification update: T-cell lymphomas, Hodgkin lymphomas, and histiocytic/dendritic cell neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiang, Manli; Bennani, N Nora; Feldman, Andrew L

    2017-03-01

    Lymphomas are classified based on the normal counterpart, or cell of origin, from which they arise. Because lymphocytes have physiologic immune functions that vary both by lineage and by stage of differentiation, the classification of lymphomas arising from these normal lymphoid populations is complex. Recent genomic data have contributed additional depth to this complexity. Areas covered: Lymphoma classification follows the World Health Organization (WHO) system, which reflects international consensus and is based on pathological, genetic, and clinical factors. The present review focuses on the classification of T-cell lymphomas, Hodgkin lymphomas, and histiocytic and dendritic cell neoplasms, summarizing changes reflected in the 2016 revision to the WHO classification. These changes are critical to hematologists and other clinicians who care for patients with these disorders. Expert commentary: Lymphoma classification is a continually evolving field that needs to be responsive to new clinical, pathological, and molecular understanding of lymphoid neoplasia. Among the entities covered in this review, the 2016 revisions in the WHO classification particularly impact T-cell lymphomas, including a new umbrella category of T-follicular helper cell-derived lymphomas and evolving recognition of indolent T-cell lymphomas and lymphoproliferative disorders.

  1. Comparison of serum cytokine levels between dogs with multicentric lymphoma and healthy dogs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Calvalido, Jerome; Wood, Geoffrey A; Mutsaers, Anthony J; Wood, Darren; Sears, William; Woods, J Paul

    2016-12-01

    In humans, multiple cytokines have been linked to the development of lymphoma, and are relevant biomarkers for response to chemotherapy and prognosis. In contrast, only a few circulating cytokines have been studied in dogs with lymphoma. We prospectively enrolled thirty-one dogs newly diagnosed with multicentric lymphoma. Immunophenotype was determined by flow cytometry in all dogs, separating them into 2 subgroups: B cell lymphoma (n=21) and T cell lymphoma (n=10). Nineteen healthy dogs were enrolled in the control group. Circulating cytokine concentrations were measured using a commercial canine multiplex magnetic bead-based assay which included Interleukin-2 (IL-2), IL-6, IL-7, IL-8, IL-10, IL-15, IL-18, Granulocyte Macrophage Colony-Stimulating Factor (GM-CSF), Tumor Necrosis Factor-α (TNF-α), Interferon γ (IFN-γ), IFN-γ induced Protein-10 (IP-10), Keratinocyte Chemoattractant-like (KC-like), and Monocyte Chemoattractant Protein-1 (MCP-1). The serum levels of each cytokine were first compared between the lymphoma and control groups, and then between the B cell lymphoma, T cell lymphoma, and control groups. There was no significant difference between the lymphoma and healthy control groups regarding sex, age and weight. MCP-1, IL-6, and IL-10 were significantly higher in dogs with lymphoma compared to healthy dogs (pblood cell, white blood cell, neutrophil, lymphocyte and monocyte counts were also found between the different groups of dogs. Our data showed different serum cytokine and peripheral blood cell profiles between dogs with lymphoma and healthy dogs, and between dogs with B cell and T cell lymphoma. Further study is necessary to investigate the role of these cytokines in lymphoma pathogenesis, response to treatment, and prognosis, and the influence of age, sex and blood cell counts on their expression. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  2. Marek's disease is a natural model for lymphomas overexpressing Hodgkin's disease antigen (CD30)

    OpenAIRE

    Burgess, S. C.; Young, J R; Baaten, B. J. G.; Hunt, L.; Ross, L. N. J.; Parcells, M S; Kumar, P. M.; Tregaskes, C. A.; L.F. Lee; Davison, T. F.

    2004-01-01

    Animal models are essential for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Hodgkin's and many diverse non-Hodgkin's lymphomas overexpress the Hodgkin's disease antigen CD30 (CD30hi), a tumor necrosis factor receptor II family member. Here we show that chicken Marek's disease (MD) lymphoma cells are also CD30hi and are a unique natural model for CD30hi lymphoma. Chicken CD30 resembles an ancestral form, and we identify a previously undescribed potential cytoplasmic signaling domai...

  3. Danish National Lymphoma Registry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arboe B

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Bente Arboe,1 Pär Josefsson,2 Judit Jørgensen,3 Jacob Haaber,4 Paw Jensen,5 Christian Poulsen,6 Dorthe Rønnov-Jessen,7 Robert S Pedersen,8 Per Pedersen,9 Mikael Frederiksen,10 Michael Pedersen,1 Peter de Nully Brown1 1Department of Hematology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Rigshospitalet, 2Department of Hematology, Copenhagen University Hospital, Herlev Hospital, Copenhagen, 3Department of Hematology, Aarhus University Hospital, Aarhus, 4Department of Hematology, Odense University Hospital, Odense, 5Department of Hematology, Aalborg University Hospital, Aalborg, 6Department of Hematology, Roskilde Hospital, Roskilde, 7Department of Hematology, Vejle Hospital, Vejle, 8Department of Hematology, Holstebro Hospital, Holstebro, 9Department of Hematology, Esbjerg Hospital, Esbjerg, 10Department of Hematology, Haderslev Hospital, Haderslev, Denmark Aim of database: The Danish National Lymphoma Registry (LYFO was established in order to monitor and improve the diagnostic evaluation and the quality of treatment of all lymphoma patients in Denmark. Study population: The LYFO database was established in 1982 as a seminational database including all lymphoma patients referred to the departments of hematology. The database became nationwide on January 1, 2000. Main variables: The main variables include both clinical and paraclinical variables as well as details of treatment and treatment evaluation. Up to four forms are completed for each patient: a primary registration form, a treatment form, a relapse form, and a follow-up form. Variables are used to calculate six result quality indicators (mortality 30 and 180 days after diagnosis, response to first-line treatment, and survival estimates 1, 3, and 5 years after the time of diagnosis, and three process quality indicators (time from diagnosis until the start of treatment, the presence of relevant diagnostic markers, and inclusion rate in clinical protocols. Descriptive data: Approximately 23

  4. Update on the molecular pathogenesis and clinical treatment of mantle cell lymphoma : report of the 10th annual conference of the European Mantle Cell Lymphoma Network

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dreyling, Martin; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.; Bea, Silvia; Hartmann, Elena; Salaverria, Itziar; Hutter, Grit; Perez-Galan, Patricia; Roue, Gael; Pott, Christiane; Le Gouill, Steven; Cortelazzo, Sergio; Rule, Simon; Hess, Georg; Zaja, Francesco; Vitolo, Umberto; Szymczyk, Michal; Walewski, Jan; Ribrag, Vincent; Unterhalt, Michael; Hermine, Olivier; Hoster, Eva

    2011-01-01

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a distinct subtype of malignant lymphoma characterized by the chromosomal translocation t(11;14)(q13;q32), resulting in constitutional overexpression of cyclin D1 and cell cycle dysregulation in virtually all cases. Clinically, MCL shows an aggressive clinical course

  5. [A case of primary central nervous system anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma manifested as a unilateral pachymeningits].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fujisawa, Etsuco; Shibayama, Hidehiro; Mitobe, Fumi; Katada, Fumiaki; Sato, Susumu; Fukutake, Toshio

    2017-11-25

    There have been 23 reports of primary central nervous system anaplastic lymphoma kinase (ALK)-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma in the literature. Here we report the 24th case of a 40-year-old man who presented with occipital headache for one month. His contrast-enhanced brain MRI showed enhancement around the right temporal lobe, which suggested a diagnosis of hypertrophic pachymeningitis. He improved with steroid therapy. After discharge, however, he was readmitted with generalized convulsive seizures. Finally, he was diagnosed as primary central nervous system ALK-positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma by brain biopsy. Primary central nervous system lymphoma invading dura matter can rarely manifests as a unilateral pachymeningitis. Therefore, in case of pachymeningitis, we should pay attention to the possibility of infiltration of lymophoma with meticulous clinical follow-up.

  6. Sinonasal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma with Upper Gastrointestinal Bleeding: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kuan-Jung Huang

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available Natural killer (NK/T-cell lymphoma is the most common malignant lymphoma among sinonasal lymphomas. Diagnosis is difficult and prognosis is poor. Herein, we report the case of a 22-year-old male patient with sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma who first presented with nasal obstruction and left facial swelling. There was a mushroom-like mass over the hard palate, diffuse mucosal swelling in the left nasal cavity, and left orbital cellulitis. The patient underwent a Caldwell-Luc operation, functional endoscopic sinus surgery, and wide excision of the palate tumor. Pathologic examination of the maxillary sinus, nasal cavity, and palate tumor showed an NK/T-cell lymphoma. Two days after the operation, the patient suddenly had bloody stool and suffered hematemesis. A series of examinations revealed a small intestinal hemorrhage. Emergent exploratory laparotomy showed an ulcerative tumor mass with bleeding over the jejunum. Pathologic examination of the mass showed that it was the same as the sinonasal mass, an NK/T-cell lymphoma. We reviewed previous studies on nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma and found no report discussing patients with NK/T-cell lymphoma of both nasal and non-nasal origins. From this case, we learned that in patients with sinonasal NK/T-cell lymphoma, other sites may be involved.

  7. EAMJ May Lymphomas.indd

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2009-05-05

    May 5, 2009 ... in frequency and profile of lymphomas after the onset of the HIV/AIDS pandemic. In. Uganda little is known concerning the distribution of lymphoma subtypes diagnosed at the Department of Pathology, Makerere University College of Health Sciences during this period. Objective: To examine the frequency ...

  8. Lymphoma risk in systemic lupus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bernatsky, Sasha; Ramsey-Goldman, Rosalind; Joseph, Lawrence

    2014-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: To examine disease activity versus treatment as lymphoma risk factors in systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE). METHODS: We performed case-cohort analyses within a multisite SLE cohort. Cancers were ascertained by regional registry linkages. Adjusted HRs for lymphoma were generated...

  9. Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, a lymphoma type with several characteristics unique among diffuse large B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barth, T F; Leithäuser, F; Möller, P

    2001-01-01

    Mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is a locally highly aggressive tumor with a rather unique pattern of clinical, morphologic, imunologic, and genetic features distinct from other diffuse large B-cell lymphomas. Characterization of this disease has been hampered by the relatively low incidence of this lymphoma type. Although recent studies on larger numbers of cases have allowed new insights into biology and clinics of this lymphoma type, the histogenesis of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma is not yet fully understood. This review will list morphologic, immunlogic, and genetic properties of mediastinal B-cell lymphoma and discuss recent data regarding the biology of this lymphoma type.

  10. Primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of the ascending colon

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alan D. Gilman

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Primary colorectal lymphoma is a rare malignancy accounting for 3% of all gastrointestinal lymphomas and 0.1-0.5% of all colorectal malignancies. Among primary colorectal lymphomas, the most common histological subtype of colorectal lymphoma is diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We report a case of an 84-year old Caucasian female who was admitted to the hospital because of a 2 days history of altered mental status. In the emergency department the patient was found to have acute kidney injury and hypercalcemia. On physical examination a large lower quadrant abdominal mass was palpated. Computed tomography scan of abdomen confirmed the presence of a mass along the cecum and proximal ascending colon. Colonoscopy showed a large ulcerated mass and biopsy was consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. The patient underwent colectomy but refused to receive chemotherapy.

  11. Association of Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma and Active Toxoplasmosis in a Child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayyahfar, Shirin; Karimi, Abdollah; Gharib, Atoosa; Fahimzad, Alireza

    2015-08-01

    Anaplastic large cell lymphoma is a subset of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and an unusual disease in children. Herein we have reported a 7- year- old girl with a large necrotic skin ulcer on the chest caused by systemic form of anaplastic large-cell lymphoma and simultaneous active toxoplasmosis diagnosed by PCR on lymph node specimen. There were few reports showing a role for toxoplasma infection to cause some malignancies such as lymphoma in adults. Based to our knowledge, this has been the first report of simultaneous systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma and active toxoplasmosis, documented by positive PCR on tissue biopsy in a child. This case report has suggested more attention to the accompanying Toxoplasma gondii infection as a probable cause of some types of lymphomas.

  12. Iodine I 131 Monoclonal Antibody BC8 Before Autologous Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma or Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-15

    Recurrent B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory T-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  13. Urinary Frequency as a Presentation of Bulky Malignant Lymphoma in the Pelvis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasukazu Takase

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant lymphomas may originate from any area of the body and cause a variety of symptoms. However, a malignant lymphoma causing urinary symptoms is uncommon. We report a unique case of a 77-year-old woman who presented with a persistent pollakiuria. Radiographic imaging showed a large pelvic mass ( cm remarkably compressing and invading the bladder wall and accompanied with bilateral hydronephrosis. Urinary cytology revealed malignant lymphoma, and a final diagnosis of malignant lymphoma was made on the basis of transvaginal needle biopsy. Urinary cytology facilitated the definite diagnosis, following which we initiated a rapid and successful treatment with cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone with rituximab.

  14. Gastric Lymphoma with Secondary Trigeminal Nerve Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warissara Rongthong

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Data supporting the role of radiotherapy in secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma is scarce. Here, I report the case of 64-year-old Thai male diagnosed as gastric diffuse large B cell lymphoma with secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma. He had previously received one cycle of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP, followed by five cycles of rituximab plus CHOP (R-CHOP with intrathecal methotrexate (MTX and cytarabine (Ara-C. One month after the last cycle of R-CHOP, he developed a headache and numbness on the left side of his face. MRI revealed thickening of the left trigeminal nerve. He received one intrathecal injection of MTX and Ara-C, followed by systemic chemotherapy. After receiving intrathecal chemotherapy, his symptoms disappeared. Clinical response and MRI studies suggested secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma. Two months later, our patient’s secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma had progressed. Salvage whole brain irradiation (36 Gy with boost dose (50 Gy along the left trigeminal nerve was given. Unfortunately, our patient developed heart failure and expired during the radiotherapy session. In conclusion and specific to secondary central nervous system lymphoma (SCNSL, radiotherapy may benefit patients who fail to respond to systemic chemotherapy and palliative treatment. The results this report fail to support the role of radiotherapy in secondary trigeminal nerve lymphoma.

  15. Panobinostat in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-03-21

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

  16. Gene Therapy in Treating Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus-Related Lymphoma Receiving Stem Cell Transplant

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-02

    HIV Infection; Mature T-Cell and NK-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Plasmablastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Follicular Lymphoma; Stage III Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma

  17. Conjunctival lymphoma in right eye: Case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parada-Vásquez, R H; Lomas-Guaman, V E; León-Roldán, C R

    2017-02-01

    A 43-year-old woman presented with a salmon-coloured patch of 0.7mm diameter in the right eye that extended into the lower fornix in the bulbar and tarsal conjunctiva, with irregular edges, and highly vascularised. Incisional biopsy was performed, showing it to be a low-grade conjunctival non-Hodgkin B cell lymphoma (or a mucosa associated lymphoid tissue [MALT] lymphoma). The lesion remained stable for 24 months of follow-up, when a relapse of the condition occurred, producing an enlargement of the initial lesion. The definitive diagnosis is made by biopsy of the affected tissue and histopathologic study. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  18. Identification of highly methylated genes across various types of B-cell non-hodgkin lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Bethge

    Full Text Available Epigenetic alterations of gene expression are important in the development of cancer. In this study, we identified genes which are epigenetically altered in major lymphoma types. We used DNA microarray technology to assess changes in gene expression after treatment of 11 lymphoma cell lines with epigenetic drugs. We identified 233 genes with upregulated expression in treated cell lines and with downregulated expression in B-cell lymphoma patient samples (n = 480 when compared to normal B cells (n = 5. The top 30 genes were further analyzed by methylation specific PCR (MSP in 18 lymphoma cell lines. Seven of the genes were methylated in more than 70% of the cell lines and were further subjected to quantitative MSP in 37 B-cell lymphoma patient samples (diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (activated B-cell like and germinal center B-cell like subtypes, follicular lymphoma and Burkitt`s lymphoma and normal B lymphocytes from 10 healthy donors. The promoters of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A were methylated in 28%, 67%, 22%, and 78% of the 36 tumor samples, respectively, but not in control samples. Validation using a second series of healthy donor controls (n = 42; normal B cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells, bone marrow, tonsils and follicular hyperplasia and fresh-frozen lymphoma biopsies (n = 25, confirmed the results. The DNA methylation biomarker panel consisting of DSP, FZD8, KCNH2, and PPP1R14A was positive in 89% (54/61 of all lymphomas. Receiver operating characteristic analysis to determine the discriminative power between lymphoma and healthy control samples showed a c-statistic of 0.96, indicating a possible role for the biomarker panel in monitoring of lymphoma patients.

  19. Targeted therapy for Hodgkin lymphoma and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma: focus on brentuximab vedotin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chen X

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Xueyan Chen, Lorinda A Soma, Jonathan R FrommDepartment of Laboratory Medicine, University of Washington Medical Center, Seattle, WA, USAAbstract: Despite the relative success of chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL and systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, novel therapeutic agents are needed for refractory or relapsed patients. Targeted immunotherapy has emerged as a novel treatment option for these patients. Although unconjugated anti-cluster of differentiation (CD30 antibodies showed minimal antitumor activity in early clinical trials, development of antibody–drug conjugates (ADCs appears promising. Brentuximab vedotin is an ADC composed of an anti-CD30 antibody linked to a potent microtubule-disrupting agent monomethyl auristatin E (MMAE. It has the ability to target CD30-positive tumor cells and, once bound to CD30, brentuximab vedotin is internalized and MMAE is released to induce cell cycle arrest and apoptosis. In two phase II trials, objective response was reported in 75% and 86% of patients with refractory or relapsed HL and systemic ALCL, respectively, with an acceptable toxicity profile. Based on these studies, the US Food and Drug Administration (FDA granted accelerated approval of brentuximab vedotin in August 2011 for the treatment of refractory and relapsed HL and ALCL. We review the key characteristics of brentuximab vedotin, clinical data supporting its therapeutic efficacy, and current ongoing trials to explore its utility in other CD30-positive malignancies.Keywords: classical Hodgkin lymphoma, systemic anaplastic large cell lymphoma, CD30, brentuximab vedotin, SGN-35

  20. EBV IN HODGKIN LYMPHOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Hohaus

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available

    Up to 40% of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL cases are associated with the Epstein-Barr virus (EBV. Clonal viral genomes can be found in the HL tumor cells, the Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells (HRS. The latent infection results in expression of the viral oncogenes LMP1 and LMP2A which contribute to generate the particular phenotype of the HRS cells. EBV does not only undergo epigenetic changes of its genome during latency, but also induces epigenetic changes in the host genome. The presence of EBV may alter the composition and activity of the immune cells surrounding the HRS cells. EBV favours a  Th1 reaction, but this attempt at a cell mediated immune response appears to be ineffective. The presence of EBV in HL is associated with several clinicopathological characteristics: It is more frequent in cases with mixed cellular histology, in males, in children and older adults, and in developing countries, while the young-adult onset HL of nodular sclerosis type in industrialized countries is typically EBV-negative. Countries in the Mediterranean area often show  an intermediate epidemiological pattern. Recent studies suggest a genetic predisposition to develop EBV-associated HL. Circulating EBV-DNA may serve as a biomarker to monitor response to therapy, and eventually, EBV will become a target for therapeutic intervention also in HL.

                                                 

  1. Primary gastric Hodgkin's lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Koak Yashwant

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary Hodgkin's disease of the stomach is an extremely rare entity. Nearly all cases of primary gastric lymphoma are of the non-Hodgkin's variety. Diagnoses in such cases are difficult due to considerable histological similarities between the 2 disease entities. Case presentation We report the case of a 77 year old lady with a 1 year history of weight loss and poor appetite. Physical examination was unremarkable. Subsequent multiple upper GI endoscopies revealed a large malignant looking ulcer which was deemed to be histologically benign. Following CT imaging the patient underwent a radical gastrectomy. Postoperatively histology and immunohistochemistry failed to confirm a diagnosis. As such a second opinion was sought. Employing an extended array of immunohistological staining a diagnosis of 'Classical Hodgkin's' disease of the stomach was achieved. Conclusion Our case illustrates the significant difficulties in achieving a rare diagnosis of primary Hodgkin's lymphoma of the stomach. The non-specific nature of symptoms and a lack of histological features make a preoperative diagnosis extremely difficult. While immunohistochemistry is widely employed in aiding the evaluation of such cases, one should be wary of the considerable overlap in differentiating between Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's disease entities using this technique.

  2. Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in Jordanians: a histopathological study of 231 cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tarawneh, M S

    1986-01-01

    Our hospital admitted 231 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphomas between June 1976 and November 1984. Review of these cases revealed the following profile: ages ranged from 1 to 70 years (median: 30 years), 156 males, predominantly children and adolescents, and 75 females. Diffuse histiocytic lymphoma accounted for 40.6 per cent of all cases. Seventeen patients (7 per cent) had nodular lymphomas. Fifteen patients, predominantly male children and adolescents, had lymphoblastic lymphomas and showed high association with mediastinal mass (47 per cent). Extranodal lymphomas mostly of the diffuse histiocytic subtype were diagnosed in 100 cases (43.3 per cent) and most frequently situated in the small intestine (59 cases). Burkitt's lymphoma--32 patients (14 per cent)--presented most often in male patients during the first decade of life and as an abdominal intestinal disease (19 cases). There were four cases of Mediterranean abdominal lymphoma (IPSID). Non-Hodgkin's lymphomas in Jordanians are mostly of the diffuse histiocytic type, are rarely nodular, have a high frequency of extranodal involvement and tend to occur in younger age groups. Mediterranean abdominal lymphoma is less frequent than previously thought. The use of both of the Rappaport and Lukes-Collins classifications demonstrated a high degree of reproducibility.

  3. Hodgkin Lymphoma: Diagnosis and Treatment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ansell, Stephen M

    2015-11-01

    Hodgkin lymphoma is a rare B-cell malignant neoplasm affecting approximately 9000 new patients annually. This disease represents approximately 11% of all lymphomas seen in the United States and comprises 2 discrete disease entities--classical Hodgkin lymphoma and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma. Within the subcategorization of classical Hodgkin lymphoma are defined subgroups: nodular sclerosis, mixed cellularity, lymphocyte depletion, and lymphocyte-rich Hodgkin lymphoma. Staging of this disease is essential for the choice of optimal therapy. Prognostic models to identify patients at high or low risk for recurrence have been developed, and these models, along with positron emission tomography, are used to provide optimal therapy. The initial treatment for patients with Hodgkin lymphoma is based on the histologic characteristics of the disease, the stage at presentation, and the presence or absence of prognostic factors associated with poor outcome. Patients with early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma commonly receive combined-modality therapies that include abbreviated courses of chemotherapy followed by involved-field radiation treatment. In contrast, patients with advanced-stage Hodgkin lymphoma commonly receive a more prolonged course of combination chemotherapy, with radiation therapy used only in selected cases. For patients with relapse or refractory disease, salvage chemotherapy followed by high-dose treatment and an autologous stem cell transplant is the standard of care. For patients who are ineligible for this therapy or those in whom high-dose therapy and autologous stem cell transplant have failed, treatment with brentuximab vedotin is a standard approach. Additional options include palliative chemotherapy, immune checkpoint inhibitors, nonmyeloablative allogeneic stem cell transplant, or participation in a clinical trial testing novel agents. Copyright © 2015 Mayo Foundation for Medical Education and Research. Published by Elsevier Inc. All

  4. Erdheim-Chester disease: a rare cause of recurrent fever of unknown origin mimicking lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mariampillai, Anusiyanthan; Sivapiragasam, Abirami; Kumar, Amit; Hindenburg, Alexander; Cunha, Burke A; Zhou, Jianhong

    2014-01-01

    We report the case of a patient with recurrent fever of unknown origin (FUO) with prominent back pain, hepatosplenomegaly, and abdominal/pelvic adenopathy suggesting lymphoma. A bone biopsy showed histiocytic infiltration. Studies for lymphoma were negative, but immunohistochemical stains were diagnostic of Erdheim-Chester disease (ECD). ECD should be included as a rare cause of recurrent FUO with bone involvement.

  5. Proliferation and apoptosis-related gene expression in experimental acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-related simian lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castaños-Vélez, E; Heiden, T; Ekman, M; Lawrence, J; Biberfeld, G; Biberfeld, P

    1999-02-15

    Lymphomas in 10 cynomolgus monkeys infected with a simian immunodeficiency virus (SIVsm) were studied with regard to proliferative activity and apoptosis-related gene expression. All were diffuse large-cell lymphomas, showed mono or oligoclonality and a 9/10 diploid cellular DNA content. Expression of a simian homologue to Epstein-Barr virus (HVMF-1) was shown in nine cases. The lymphomas showed moderate to high proliferative activity by Ki67 immunostaining and DNA flow cytometry, and a low number of apoptotic cells detected by TdT-mediated dUTP nick-end labeling (TUNEL). Immunohistochemistry showed abundant tumor infiltrating TIA-1(+) cytotoxic lymphocytes (CTL) and macrophages. Bcl-2, Mcl-1, and also Bax and Bak, but not p53 were demonstrable in the tumor cells by immunostaining. Our findings suggest a causal relationship between HVMF-1 infection and a low apoptotic index of the lymphomas due to the expression of Bcl-2. The apparent inefficient function of tumor-infiltrating CTL could be due to inactivation of CTL and/or resistance of the lymphoma cells to CTL effects. The tumors showed immunoreactivity for CD18, CD29, and CD49d, but not for CD11a, mimicking the phenotype of human Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-related lymphomas. In summary, our observations indicate a high similarity between this simian model of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS)-related lymphomas (ARL) and human ARL and other immunosuppression-related lymphomas.

  6. Secondary choroidal lymphoma in a child treated for Burkitt lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ramasubramanian, Aparna; Shields, Carol L; Longmire, Michelle; Hunt, David J

    2011-02-01

    A 9-year-old girl presented with a choroidal tumor 6 years after remission of Burkitt lymphoma with no evidence of systemic recurrence. The tumor regressed after plaque radiotherapy. The second tumor could have been related to previous chemotherapy, caused by Epstein-Barr virus infection, or the result of independent lymphoma cell growth. Copyright © 2011 American Association for Pediatric Ophthalmology and Strabismus. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.

  7. [Urogenital lymphoma presenting with obstructive anuria].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rabii, Redouane; Mezzour, Mohamed Hicham; Guessous, Hicham; Essaki, Hicham; Joual, Abdenbi; Rachid, Mohamed; Quessar, Asmaa; Benchekroun, Said; El Mrini, Mohamed

    2004-02-01

    The authors report a case of urogenital lymphoma with multiple sites in a patient presenting with oligo-anuria. Clinical examination revealed a hard hypogastric and prostatic mass and an enlarged left scrotum. Abdominopelvic and scrotal ultrasound demonstrated a prostatic tumour, a hypogastric mass, hepatic nodular lesions and coeliac lymphadenopathy with bilateral ureterohydronephrosis and a heterogeneous intrascrotal mass in contact with the lower pole of the left testis. The laboratory assessment revealed severe renal failure. After a haemodialysis session and ultrasound-guided right percutaneous nephrostomy, pelvic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) showed a very large pelvic mass between the bladder and the rectum and transrectal biopsy of the mass confirmed the diagnosis of high-grade malignant non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL) with a type B lymphoblastic phenotype. Treatment consisted of chemotherapy according to the LMB 93 protocol. The course was favourable with return of normal renal function and complete remission 1 month after induction. The patient is currently in complete remission with a follow-up of 12 months. In the light of this case and a review of the literature, the authors discuss the diagnostic, therapeutic and prognostic aspects of this rare site of lymphoma.

  8. Monoamine oxidase A is highly expressed in classical Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Pei Chuan; Siddiqi, Imran N; Mottok, Anja; Loo, Eric Y; Wu, Chieh Hsi; Cozen, Wendy; Steidl, Christian; Shih, Jean Chen

    2017-10-01

    Monoamine oxidase A (MAOA) is a mitochondrial enzyme that catalyzes oxidative deamination of neurotransmitters and dietary amines and produces H2 O2 . It facilitates the progression of gliomas and prostate cancer, but its expression and functional relevance have not been studied in lymphoma. Here, we evaluated MAOA in 427 cases of Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma and in a spectrum of reactive lymphoid tissues by immunohistochemistry on formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded specimens. MAOA was expressed by Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in the majority of classical Hodgkin lymphomas (cHLs) (181/241; 75%), with 34.8% showing strong expression. Weak MAOA was also noted in a minority of primary mediastinal large B-cell lymphomas (8/47; 17%) and in a mediastinal gray-zone lymphoma. In contrast, no MAOA was found in non-neoplastic lymphoid tissues, nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL; 0/8) or any other non-Hodgkin lymphomas studied (0/123). MAOA was more common in Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-negative compared to EBV-positive cHL (p lymphoma specimens, most cHL-derived cell lines displayed MAOA activity, whereas non-Hodgkin-lymphoma-derived cell lines did not. The MAOA inhibitor clorgyline reduced the growth of L1236 cells and U-HO1 cells, and shRNA knockdown of MAOA reduced the growth of L1236 cells. Conversely, ectopic overexpression of MAOA increased the growth of MAOA-negative HDLM2 cells. Combined treatment with clorgyline and ABVD (doxorubicin, bleomycin, vinblastine, dacarbazine) was more effective in reducing cell growth than either regimen alone. In summary, MAOA is highly expressed in cHL and may reflect the distinct biology of this lymphoma. Further studies on the potential utility of MAOA as a diagnostic marker and therapeutic target are warranted. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley

  9. Hepatosplenic gammadelta T-cell lymphoma: ultrastructural, immunophenotypic, and functional evidence for cytotoxic T lymphocyte differentiation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salhany, K E; Feldman, M; Kahn, M J; Peritt, D; Schretzenmair, R D; Wilson, D M; DiPaola, R S; Glick, A D; Kant, J A; Nowell, P C; Kamoun, M

    1997-06-01

    Hepatosplenic gammadelta T cell lymphoma (TCL) is a rare, aggressive subset of peripheral TCL that presents with hepatosplenomegaly and cytopenias. Detailed clinicopathological, ultrastructural, and cytogenetic analyses of these lymphomas are limited; functional characteristics of these lymphomas are unknown. We have undertaken a clinicopathological, immunophenotypic, ultrastructural, cytogenetic, and functional analysis of three hepatosplenic gammadelta TCLs. All patients presented with massive hepatosplenomegaly and anemia, thrombocytopenia, or severe neutropenia; terminal blastlike transformation occurred in one patient. Combination chemotherapy had no response in two patients, but induced complete remission in one. gammadelta T cell receptor (TCR) expression and clonal TCRdelta gene rearrangements were documented in each case. Two different subsets of gammadelta TCL were identified based on delta chain variable region usage; two lymphomas were Vdelta1+, whereas the third was negative for both Vdelta1 and Vdelta2. Cytogenetic analysis was performed on two lymphomas; isochromosome 7q and probable trisomy 8 was shown in one of the Vdelta1+ lymphomas, whereas the Vdelta1 negative lymphoma had 14p+ with t(1;14)(q21;p13). NK cell-associated antigens (CD11c, CD16, or CD56) and cytotoxic T lymphocyte (CTL) effector proteins (perforin, granzyme B, TIA-1, and Fas ligand) were expressed by each lymphoma; dense core cytolytic granules were observed by electron microscopy in both lymphomas studied. Functional studies performed in two cases showed TCR-mediated cytolysis of P815 x 2 FcR+ cells induced by anti-CD3 in a redirected cytolysis assay in one of the CD56+, Vdelta1+ lymphomas, whereas IFNgamma secretion was induced by anti-CD3 in the CD56-, Vdelta1 negative lymphoma. These studies show that hepatosplenic gammadelta TCLs have CTL differentiation, retain functional activity in vitro, and are derived from at least two gammadelta T cell subsets.

  10. Pelvic lymphoma: An unusual presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fakhrolmolouk Yassaee

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Pelvic lymphoma is not a common condition and aggressive recurrence of chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL as a cause is rarely reported. We report a case of lymphoma of left adnexa in a postmenopausal woman, with a three week history of abdominal and left flank pain. Past medical history was consistent with diagnosis of CLL. She had received chemotherapy. Due to abdominal and flank pain and abdominopelvic mass, exploratory laparotomy was done with the impression of ovarian malignancy. A large uterus with adnexal mass and a large tumoral bladder was seen. Biopsy was done from adnexal mass which was compatible with lymphoma. The abdomen was closed and the patient was referred for chemotherapy. Lymphoma usually does not involve the pelvic organs. After laparotomy, her condition deteriorated and she expired.

  11. Ascorbic Acid and Combination Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-25

    High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC and BCL2 or BCL6 Rearrangements; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Lymphoma

  12. A Phase II Trial of Panobinostat and Lenalidomide in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-11-09

    Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

  13. Gemcitabine and Bendamustine in Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-07-10

    Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

  14. Targeted immunotherapy in Hodgkin lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hutchings, Martin

    2015-01-01

    In this issue of Blood, Rothe et al introduce a new principle of targeted Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) immunotherapy in their report from a phase 1 study of the bispecific anti-CD30/CD16A antibody construct AFM13.......In this issue of Blood, Rothe et al introduce a new principle of targeted Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) immunotherapy in their report from a phase 1 study of the bispecific anti-CD30/CD16A antibody construct AFM13....

  15. Obinutuzumab in follicular lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martinez-Calle, N; Figueroa-Mora, R; Villar-Fernandez, S; Marcos-Jubilar, M; Panizo, C

    2016-12-01

    The CD20 marker continues to be exploited as a therapeutic target for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Obinutuzumab is part of a new generation of anti-CD20 monoclonal antibodies, which are synthesized using molecular engineering technology, resulting in novel target epitopes and unprecedented optimization of antibody-dependent cellular cytotoxicity and antibody-dependent cellular phagocytosis. Rituximab is the current gold standard for anti-CD20 therapy, yet despite outstanding results published over the past decade, many patients continue to relapse after anti-CD20 regimens. Obinutuzumab is slowly positioning itself in the treatment of CD20+ B-cell neoplasms. On the basis of favorable results from the phase III GADOLIN trial, obinutuzumab was recently approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration in combination with bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab maintenance, for the treatment of follicular lymphoma (FL) patients who relapsed or are refractory to a rituximab-containing regimen. Additional phase III trials are underway to test obinutuzumab as a first-line anti-CD20 agent in FL with good preliminary results (GALLIUM trial); thus, it is likely that obinutuzumab will soon achieve a first-line indication. It is plausible that obinutuzumab will replace rituximab as the gold standard for chemoimmunotherapy in FL, although some safety concerns still need to be resolved. This review will address the preclinical pharmacology and the main aspects of the clinical development of obinutuzumab for the treatment of FL. Copyright 2016 Prous Science, S.A.U. or its licensors. All rights reserved.

  16. Molecular Pathogenesis of MALT Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katharina Troppan

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Approximately 8% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas are extranodal marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT, also known as MALT lymphoma, which was first described in 1983 by Isaacson and Wright. MALT lymphomas arise at a wide range of different extranodal sites, with the highest frequency in the stomach, followed by lung, ocular adnexa, and thyroid, and with a low percentage in the small intestine. Interestingly, at least 3 different, apparently site-specific, chromosomal translocations and missense and frameshift mutations, all pathway-related genes affecting the NF-κB signal, have been implicated in the development and progression of MALT lymphoma. However, these genetic abnormalities alone are not sufficient for malignant transformation. There is now increasing evidence suggesting that the oncogenic product of translocation cooperates with immunological stimulation in oncogenesis, that is, the association with chronic bacterial infection or autoaggressive process. This review mainly discusses MALT lymphomas in terms of their genetic aberration and association with chronic infections and summarizes recent advances in their molecular pathogenesis.

  17. Primary Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma of the Bladder: Case Report and Literature Review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mansour Ansari

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Most bladder tumors are epithelial in origin. Nonepithelial cancers are rarely located in the bladder. Sarcomas are the most common malignancies among nonepithelial cancers. Primary bladder lymphoma is rare and mostly low grade. Here, we have reported a case of diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder. The patient, a 64-year-old man, had urinary frequency for 18 months. Abdominal sonography indicated a thick bladder wall and transurethral biopsy showed diffuse large cell lymphoma. Immunohistochemistry (IHC results showed that the tumor was positive for CD20, CD45, and Pax-5 and negative for BCL-2, cytokeratin, and S100. He had a normal bone marrow biopsy, abdominal, pelvic and chest CT scans. He had no B symptoms. The patient received 6 cycles of R-CHOP followed by radiotherapy (36 Gy to the pelvis. Six months after treatment, the patient is well and has returned to work. We have searched PubMed for primary diffuse large cell lymphoma. Primary diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder is best treated according to treatment for diffuse large cell lymphoma of other sites, which includes chemotherapy and radiotherapy. As seen in our review, primary diffuse large cell lymphoma of the bladder has a similar clinical course to diffuse large cell lymphoma of other sites.

  18. Persistent indolent pancolonic marginal zone lymphoma of MALT-type with plasmacytic differentiation – A rare post-transplant lymphoma?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joanna M. Chaffin

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma is associated with chronic inflammatory disorders. We present an indolent pancolonic MALT lymphoma occurring in a 39-year-old female with history of autoimmune hepatitis requiring liver transplant in 1997 and ulcerative colitis diagnosed in 2004. Random biopsies from a grossly unremarkable surveillance colonoscopy in 2015 revealed a dense monomorphic plasmacytoid infiltrate causing expansion of lamina propria without significant crypt infiltration or destruction. These cells were positive for CD79a and CD138 and showed lambda restriction; however, CD20, CD43, CD56, HHV8, and EBER were negative. A similar pancolonic infiltrate was identified in all prior colorectal biopsies from 2010 and 2012 upon retrospective review. Subsequent computed tomography of the abdomen revealed no bowel wall thickening nor enlarged lymph nodes. Bone marrow revealed involvement consistent with stage IV disease. Biopsies from 2010 and 2015 demonstrated clonal immunoglobulin gene rearrangement. MYD88 mutation was not detected. The overall features were indicative of MALT lymphoma. Although low-grade B-cell lymphomas are not considered part of the post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder spectrum, such cases have been reported, and are typically EBV-negative. Patient underwent treatment with pentostatin for her MALT lymphoma reaching a sustained remission despite additional immunosuppression for resurgent hepatic dysfunction. To our knowledge, this is the first reported case of EBV-negative pancolonic MALT lymphoma with plasmacytic differentiation post liver transplant presenting in an indolent, asymptomatic fashion with persistence for greater than five years successfully managed without compromising the patient's liver transplant.

  19. Anaplastic lymphoma kinase negative anaplastic large cell lymphoma of hard palate as first clinical manifestation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anjali Narwal

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL is an uncommon disease, accounting for <5% of all cases of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. We report a case of 48-year-old male who presented a clinically benign swelling in the right anterior palatal region since last 2 months. Radiographic evaluation showed no bone loss in palatal area. Histological and radiological examination was in favor of a peripheral reactive lesion like pyogenic granuloma or a benign salivary gland tumor. Immunohistochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-negative (ALK(− ALCL. Further laboratory tests ELISA for human immunodeficiency virus (HIV and CD4 cell count was done which showed positivity for HIV. To the best of our knowledge, it is the first case of ALK(− ALCL in the hard palate presenting as the first clinical manifestation of acquired immune deficiency syndrome.

  20. Conjunctival Lymphoma--An International Multicenter Retrospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirkegaard, Marina M; Rasmussen, Peter K; Coupland, Sarah E; Esmaeli, Bita; Finger, Paul T; Graue, Gerardo F; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Honavar, Santosh G; Khong, Jwu J; McKelvie, Penny A; Mulay, Kaustubh; Prause, Jan U; Ralfkiaer, Elisabeth; Sjö, Lene D; Toft, Peter B; Vemuganti, Geeta K; Thuro, Bradley A; Curtin, Jeremy; Heegaard, Steffen

    2016-04-01

    To date, the clinical features of the various subtypes of conjunctival lymphoma (CL) have not been previously evaluated in a large cohort. To characterize subtype-specific clinical features of CL and their effect on patient outcome. A retrospective multicenter study was performed. Patient data were collected from January 1, 1980, through December 31, 2010. The dates of the analysis were May 15, 2015, to August 20, 2015. The median follow-up period was 43 months. Seven eye cancer centers were involved in the study. In total, 268 patients with CL were identified, 5 of whom were excluded because of missing clinical data. Overall survival, disease-specific survival, and progression-free survival were the primary end points. Two hundred sixty-three patients with CL were included in the study. Their mean age was 61.3 years, and 55.1% (145 of 263) were female. All lymphomas were of B-cell type. The most frequent subtype was extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (EMZL) (68.4% [180 of 263]), followed by follicular lymphoma (FL) (16.3% [43 of 263]), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) (6.8% [18 of 263]), and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (4.6% [12 of 263). Conjunctival lymphoma commonly manifested in elderly individuals (age range, 60-70 years old), with EMZL having a female predilection (57.8% [104 of 180]) and MCL having a marked male predominance (77.8% [14 of 18]). Unlike EMZL and FL, DLBCL and MCL were frequently secondary diseases (41.7% [5 of 12] and 88.9% [16 of 18], respectively), with MCL showing a frequent occurrence of stage IVE lymphoma (61.1% [11 of 18]) and bilateral manifestation (77.8% [14 of 18]). Localized disease (stage IE or IIE) was commonly treated with external beam radiation therapy (EBRT) with or without chemotherapy, while widespread lymphoma (stage IIIE or IVE) and MCL of any stage were managed with chemotherapy with or without EBRT. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and MCL had a poor prognosis, with 5-year disease-specific survival of 55.0% and 9

  1. Primary effusion lymphoma involving three body cavities

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Brimo, Fadi; Popradi, Gizelle; Michel, René P; Auger, Manon

    2009-01-01

    Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a human herpes virus-8 (HHV8)-associated large-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma localized in body cavities and presenting as pleural, peritoneal, or pericardial lymphomatous effusions...

  2. Psoriasis and risk of malignant lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamstrup, M R; Skov, L; Zachariae, C

    2017-01-01

    In patients with psoriasis, the risk of lymphoma has been a subject of controversy and data from larger studies are limited1-4 . We therefore investigated the 5-year risk of new-onset Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (excluding cutaneous T-cell lymphoma [CTCL]), and CTCL, respect......In patients with psoriasis, the risk of lymphoma has been a subject of controversy and data from larger studies are limited1-4 . We therefore investigated the 5-year risk of new-onset Hodgkin lymphoma (HL), non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) (excluding cutaneous T-cell lymphoma [CTCL]), and CTCL......, respectively, in patients with psoriasis. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved....

  3. Primary chest wall lymphoma: A rare entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Binay Kumar Shah

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary chest wall lymphoma is a rare but curable condition. This paper reports a case of a 52-year-old female patient who presented with a primary chest wall diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

  4. Transformed follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Casulo, Carla; Burack, W Richard; Friedberg, Jonathan W

    2015-01-01

    Histologic transformation of follicular lymphoma to an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma is a critical biologic event with profound implications on the natural history of this otherwise indolent disease...

  5. Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma (For Parents)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Video) Getting an MRI (Video) Getting a CAT Scan (Video) Chemotherapy Hodgkin Lymphoma Stem Cell Transplants Can I Have Children After Cancer Treatments? CAT Scan (Video) MRI (Video) X-Ray (Video) Hodgkin Lymphoma Non- ...

  6. Bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arnaoutakis, Konstantinos; Oo, Thein H

    2009-12-01

    : Bronchus-associated Lymphoid Tissue (BALT) lymphomas are a rare type of extranodal marginal zone lymphomas. They comprise 1% of lymphomas and more than two-thirds of all primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the lung. BALT lymphomas arise from the bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue. This report describes five cases of BALT lymphoma and discusses the pathogenesis, diagnosis, prognosis and treatment of BALT lymphomas. In our cohort of patients, patients were managed with surgery, watchful waiting, chemotherapy, immunotherapy, and chemoimmunotherapy. The outcomes are excellent and projected 5-year survival is 100%. BALT lymphomas are associated with chronic inflammation, and they are often asymptomatic. They have an indolent course and the survival outcome is excellent with different treatment modalities such as surgery, watchful waiting, radiotherapy, chemotherapy, immunotherapy or chemoimmunotherapy.

  7. [Primary renal manifestation in malignant lymphomas and leukemia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizze, H; Prall, F; Wigger, M; Eggers, G; Knieling, K; Parwaresch, R

    2003-10-01

    Primary manifestation of malignant lymphoma and/or leukaemia rarely occurs in the kidney. It can be the cause of a hitherto unexplained acute renal failure or it is incidentally detected as shown in the three cases under report.1.A 68-year-old man was operated on because of a symptomatic tumour in his right kidney. At nephrectomy, a conventional (clear cell) renal cell carcinoma was found simultaneously with an occult mantle cell lymphoma infiltrating the adjacent renal and extrarenal tissue. Clinical follow-up uncovered nodal and bone marrow involvement, so that a primary renal manifestation of mantle cell lymphoma was apparent.2.A 69-year-old man with suspected vertebral metastasis underwent partial renal resection because of a mass in his left kidney. Histologically and immunohistochemically, the renal infiltration was diagnosed as a precursor B-lymphoblastic lymphoma. After chemotherapy and irradiation, leukaemic blood cell counts with 50% lymphoblasts proved a primary renal manifestation of precursor B-lymphoblastic leukaemia/lymphoma.3.A 13-year-old boy presented clinically with renal failure, enlarged kidneys, and normal urinalysis. Renal biopsy showed a diffuse interstitial infiltration with atypical T-lymphoblasts compressing tubules and surrounding preserved glomeruli. Subsequent clinical bone marrow smears presented 60% T-lymphoblasts, so that the final diagnosis of a primary renal manifestation of acute T-lymphoblastic leukaemia of mature thymic cortex type was made. Immediate chemotherapy resulted in total recovery of renal function and bone marrow findings.

  8. Cytopathologic findings of cell block materials from the vitreous: Diagnostic distinction between intraocular lymphoma and non-lymphomatous diseases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kanno-Okada, Hiromi; Takakuwa, Emi; Tagawa, Yoshiaki; Kase, Satoru; Hatanaka, Kanako C; Hatanaka, Yutaka; Namba, Kenichi; Mitsuhashi, Tomoko; Matsuno, Yoshihiro

    2017-07-01

    Intraocular lymphoma is a rare neoplasm that occurs only in the eyes and/or central nervous system. Diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma is difficult because its clinical manifestations mimic chronic uveitis. Pathological examination of the vitreous is one of the main diagnostic tools for intraocular lymphoma, but this is challenging due to the sparse cellularity and specimen degeneration. Here, we reviewed 33 cell block preparations from vitreous perfusion fluid in order to examine the significance of cytopathological findings for differential diagnosis using vitreous samples. The cases comprised 12 intraocular lymphomas and 21 non-lymphomatous diseases. Cytologically, vitreous samples from non-lymphoma cases showed lower cellularity than the lymphoma cases. Whereas vitreous material from cases with infectious endophthalmitis showed prominent neutrophilic infiltration, material from sarcoidosis cases showed infiltration of small lymphoid cells, especially CD4-positive T cells. On the other hand, lymphoma cases showed higher cellularity, with large, irregular and atypical lymphoid cells, frequent necrotic cells in the background, and less pronounced neutrophil infiltration. Immunocytochemically, 11 of the 12 lymphoma cases were of the B-cell phenotype and the remaining case was of the T/NK-cell phenotype. In conclusion, careful cytopathological examination or immunocytochemistry of vitreous material facilitates appropriate diagnosis of intraocular lymphoma. © 2017 Japanese Society of Pathology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  9. Obinutuzumab, Venetoclax, and Lenalidomide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-17

    B-Cell Lymphoma, Unclassifiable, With Features Intermediate Between Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma and Burkitt Lymphoma; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3a Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Follicular Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  10. Primary Malignant Lymphoma of the Uterus: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margriet Samama

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary malignant lymphomas in the female genital tract are rare. Most cases are non-Hodgkin lymphomas of which diffuse large B-cell lymphomas are most commonly seen. Symptoms are associated with other, more common diseases; therefore, a doctors’ delay can be expected. In this case a woman presented with complaints of urinary obstruction due to a large tumour in the pelvic area. A laparotomy was performed. A very large tumour of the uterus was found with adherence to the pelvic wall and urinary bladder. Diagnostic histological examination showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Treatment with R-CHOP chemotherapy was started shortly after the operation. The treatment of patients with a primary malignant lymphoma of the uterus should be individualized with the following options: surgery, radiotherapy and/or chemotherapy.

  11. Radiotherapy studies and extra-nodal non-Hodgkin lymphomas, progress and challenges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, L

    2012-01-01

    for the more common extra-nodal organs, e.g. stomach, Waldeyer's ring, skin and brain, are fairly well known and show significant variation. A few randomised trials have been carried out testing the role of radiotherapy in these lymphomas. However, for most extra-nodal lymphomas, randomised trials have...... not been carried out, and treatment decisions are made on small patient series and extrapolations from nodal lymphomas. Hopefully, wide international collaboration will make controlled clinical trials possible in the less common extra-nodal lymphomas. Modern highly conformal radiotherapy allows better...... coverage of extra-nodal lymphomatous involvement with better sparing of normal tissues. The necessary radiation doses and volumes need to be defined for the different extra-nodal lymphoma entities. The challenge is to optimise the use of radiotherapy in the modern multimodality treatment of extra...

  12. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma with Cyclin D1 overexpression: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aquino Gabriella

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Peripheral T-cell lymphomas not otherwise specified are generally considered aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas, because of poor natural outcome and response to therapy. They show a complex karyotype without any specific genetic hallmark. We report a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified with heterogeneous nuclear Cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression, due to gene copy gain, a phenomenon similar to that observed in Mantle Cell Lymphoma characterized by t(11;14(q13;q32. In this case report we underline the diagnostic pitfall rapresented by Cyclin D1 immunoistochemical overexpression in a T-cell lymphoma. Several pitfalls could lead to misinterpretation of diagnosis, therefore, we underlined the need to integrate the classical histology and immunohistochemistry with molecular tests as clonality or Fluorescence in situ hybridization. Virtual slide The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1117747619703769

  13. Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma with Cyclin D1 overexpression: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aquino, Gabriella; Franco, Renato; Ronconi, Fioravante; Anniciello, Annamaria; Russo, Luigi; De Chiara, Annarosaria; Panico, Luigi

    2012-07-06

    Peripheral T-cell lymphomas not otherwise specified are generally considered aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphomas, because of poor natural outcome and response to therapy. They show a complex karyotype without any specific genetic hallmark. We report a case of peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified with heterogeneous nuclear cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression, due to gene copy gain, a phenomenon similar to that observed in mantle cell lymphoma characterized by t(11;14)(q13;q32). In this case report we underline the diagnostic pitfall represented by cyclin D1 immunohistochemical overexpression in a T-cell lymphoma. Several pitfalls could lead to misinterpretation of diagnosis, therefore, we underlined the need to integrate the classical histology and immunohistochemistry with molecular tests as clonality or fluorescence in situ hybridization. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1117747619703769.

  14. Retrospective analysis of follow-up results in patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarasov V.V.

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Administration of specific chemotherapy (cytostatics has great significance in the treatment of skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research goal is to study follow-up results of cytostatic therapy of skin lymphomas. Retrospective observation of survival of patients with T-cell epidermothropic skin lymphomas using special therapy and without its use has been studied. Comparative analysis of survival rate in two groups of patients has been done. 40 patients received cytostatics and 32 patents were not treated by chemotherapy. The first group of patients showed the reduction of survival level and increase of mortality level from skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy. The research findings proved the influence of cytostatic therapy on the survival of patients with skin lymphomas of low degree malignancy

  15. Radiological characteristics of AIDS- related lymphoma; Aspectos radiologicos dos linfomas no paciente com SIDA

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ramos, Gloria Maria Martins G. [Hospital Universitario Clementino Fraga Filho, Rio de Janeiro, RJ (Brazil). Servico de Radiologia; Marchiori, Edson [Universidade Federal Fluminense, Niteroi, RJ (Brazil). Faculdade de Medicina. Dept. de Radiologia

    1996-11-01

    The epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) increased the incidence of lymphoma, particularly the non-Hodgkin`s lymphoma. The lymphoma in immune deficient patients is usually high-grade, very aggressive and with poor prognostic. We report the radiologic characteristics of AIDS-related lymphoma in 19 patients and correlate with the literature. The disease was predominant in homosexual male patients, with mean age of 38 years. The radiological characteristics are nonspecific to differential diagnosis, but we must suspect of lymphoma. We found ring-enhanced lesions in the radiologic studies of central nervous system. Hylar and mediastinal lymphadenopath, nodules and alveolar infiltration were detected on thoracic examinations. Abdominal examinations showed hepatosplenomegaly, lymphadenopathy, hepatic focal lesions and thickneded with distorted mucosa in the alimentary tract. Bone involvement presented as focal and disseminated destructive lesions. (author) 41 refs., 10 figs.

  16. Stages of Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lymphoma that begins in mature T lymphocytes. The T lymphocytes mature in the thymus gland and travel to other parts of the lymph system, such as the lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma : Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma begins in the ...

  17. Diet and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma risk

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    abp

    2012-06-28

    Jun 28, 2012 ... follicular) and Revised European-American Lymphoma/World Health Organization classification [11]. The majority of cases were diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and the second most common NHL was chronic lymphocytic leukemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (CLL/SLL) [12]. Controls were ...

  18. Primary pleural lymphoma: plaque-like thickening of the pleura.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oikonomou, Anastasia; Giatromanolaki, Alexandra; Margaritis, Dimitrios; Froudarakis, Marios; Prassopoulos, Panos

    2010-01-01

    Primary pleural lymphoma is a rare entity that has been described in association with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection or pyothorax. We report a 63-year-old-man with no history of HIV infection or pyothorax who presented with progressive dyspnea and nonproductive cough. Chest radiography revealed complete opacification of the left hemithorax, and contrast-enhanced computed tomography showed large left pleural effusion and thin, homogeneous, plaque-like thickening of the parietal pleura. Thoracoscopic pleural biopsy was consistent with grade 1 extranodal follicular lymphoma of the pleura. The authors suggest that physicians should be aware of this rare location of primary pleural lymphoma manifested by plaque-like thickening of the pleura but not accompanied by mediastinal lymphadenopathy.

  19. Central nervous system lymphoma: magnetic resonance imaging features at presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricardo Schwingel

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVE: This paper aimed at studying presentations of the central nervous system (CNS lymphoma using structural images obtained by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI. METHODS: The MRI features at presentation of 15 patients diagnosed with CNS lymphoma in a university hospital, between January 1999 and March 2011, were analyzed by frequency and cross tabulation. RESULTS: All patients had supratentorial lesions; and four had infra- and supratentorial lesions. The signal intensity on T1 and T2 weighted images was predominantly hypo- or isointense. In the T2 weighted images, single lesions were associated with a hypointense signal component. Six patients presented necrosis, all of them showed perilesional abnormal white matter, nine had meningeal involvement, and five had subependymal spread. Subependymal spread and meningeal involvement tended to occur in younger patients. CONCLUSION: Presentations of lymphoma are very pleomorphic, but some of them should point to this diagnostic possibility.

  20. Combination therapy with brentuximab vedotin and cisplatin/cytarabine in a patient with primarily refractory anaplastic lymphoma kinase positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heidegger S

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Simon Heidegger,1 Ambros Beer,2 Eva Geissinger,3 Andreas Rosenwald,3 Christian Peschel,1 Ingo Ringshausen,1 Ulrich Keller11III Medical Department, 2Nuclear Medicine Department, Technische Universität München, Munich, Germany; 3Institute of Pathology, University of Würzburg, Würzburg, GermanyAbstract: Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL is a common subtype of the heterogeneous group of peripheral T-cell lymphomas, which is characterized by large pleomorphic cells with strong expression of CD30. Translocations involving ALK, the anaplastic lymphoma kinase gene, are associated with a favorable clinical outcome. Such ALK-positive ALCLs are usually responsive to a multidrug chemotherapy with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone. However, there is no general consensus on the optimal therapy for relapsed or refractory ALCL. We report the case of a 24-year-old male suffering from ALK-positive ALCL with an uncommon manifestation of only extranodal disease in the gastric cardia region that showed primary refractoriness to standard CHOP chemotherapy. A combination therapy consisting of the anti-CD30 drug conjugate, brentuximab vedotin, and classical lymphoma salvage regimen DHAP (cisplatin, high-dose cytarabine and dexamethasone was administered. Following two treatment cycles in 21-day intervals, the lymphoma showed considerable regression based on imaging diagnostics and no evidence of vital lymphoma in a subsequent biopsy. We did not observe any increase in toxicity; in particular, polyneuropathy and febrile neutropenia were not observed. In summary, we report that the antibody-drug conjugate brentuximab vedotin and a classical regimen used for aggressive lymphoma, DHAP, could be combined as salvage therapy in a case of refractory ALK-positive ALCL. Phase I/II studies will be required for safety and efficacy analysis.Keywords: anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, refractory/relapsed lymphoma, anti-CD30 drug conjugate, DHAP

  1. Exome sequencing of lymphomas from three dog breeds reveals somatic mutation patterns reflecting genetic background.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elvers, Ingegerd; Turner-Maier, Jason; Swofford, Ross; Koltookian, Michele; Johnson, Jeremy; Stewart, Chip; Zhang, Cheng-Zhong; Schumacher, Steven E; Beroukhim, Rameen; Rosenberg, Mara; Thomas, Rachael; Mauceli, Evan; Getz, Gad; Palma, Federica Di; Modiano, Jaime F; Breen, Matthew; Lindblad-Toh, Kerstin; Alföldi, Jessica

    2015-11-01

    Lymphoma is the most common hematological malignancy in developed countries. Outcome is strongly determined by molecular subtype, reflecting a need for new and improved treatment options. Dogs spontaneously develop lymphoma, and the predisposition of certain breeds indicates genetic risk factors. Using the dog breed structure, we selected three lymphoma predisposed breeds developing primarily T-cell (boxer), primarily B-cell (cocker spaniel), and with equal distribution of B- and T-cell lymphoma (golden retriever), respectively. We investigated the somatic mutations in B- and T-cell lymphomas from these breeds by exome sequencing of tumor and normal pairs. Strong similarities were evident between B-cell lymphomas from golden retrievers and cocker spaniels, with recurrent mutations in TRAF3-MAP3K14 (28% of all cases), FBXW7 (25%), and POT1 (17%). The FBXW7 mutations recurrently occur in a specific codon; the corresponding codon is recurrently mutated in human cancer. In contrast, T-cell lymphomas from the predisposed breeds, boxers and golden retrievers, show little overlap in their mutation pattern, sharing only one of their 15 most recurrently mutated genes. Boxers, which develop aggressive T-cell lymphomas, are typically mutated in the PTEN-mTOR pathway. T-cell lymphomas in golden retrievers are often less aggressive, and their tumors typically showed mutations in genes involved in cellular metabolism. We identify genes with known involvement in human lymphoma and leukemia, genes implicated in other human cancers, as well as novel genes that could allow new therapeutic options. © 2015 Elvers et al. Published by Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.

  2. Primary cutaneous multifocal CD 30+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asha L

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available A 45-year-old male presented with asymptomatic tumors all over the body. The tumors showed no signs of ulceration or regression. There were generalized, nontender, firm to hard enlarged lymph nodes without hepatosplenomegaly. Biopsy and immunophenotyping revealed CD 30+ anaplastic primary cutaneous large cell lymphoma. Primary cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma is characterized by single or grouped reddish-brown tumor nodules, which frequently tend to ulcerate. Secondary involvement of lymph nodes is seen in only 25%. The lesions responded dramatically to chemotherapy, but recurred.

  3. Favourable response to rituximab by an ocular adnexal primary lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luque Valentin-Fernandez, M L; Alvarez Rodríguez, F; Rodríguez Jiménez, I

    2016-11-01

    A 70-year-old woman who presented with an extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma in lacrimal gland and conjunctiva. Initial treatment with rituximab yielded an immediate good response. Five months later she showed lymphoid proliferation in her contralateral conjunctiva. Although no additional treatment was performed, the patient has been free of systemic symptoms and recurrences. Rituximab is a quite good therapeutic agent in low grade adnexal lymphomas. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  4. Primary CNS Lymphoma in Seropositive Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. T. Bandichhode

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma(PCNSL is an extremely rare condition in childhood as compared to adults. It is seen inimmuno compromised patients. We report the case of PCNSL in a child in Civil Hospital,Solapur which is a district antiretroviral treatment (ART centre. This 15 months old child presented with focal neurological deficit. The CT and MRI scan were suggestive of PCNSL.Stereostatic biopsy could not be done in this child. But CSF study showed 20 cells and all were lymphoblasts.

  5. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas of oral cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vicente-Barrero Mario

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHL often show up in an extranodal pattern, especially in the head and neck. Intraoral locations are much less frequent, particularly when they are single. This, in turn, can lead to a prolonged diagnosis and even to inadequate treatment. Different patients with initial extranodal location of NHL which were not previously diagnosed and in which it was manifested only intraoraly are presented in this paper. These cases are presented together with the additional examinations used for the early diagnosis and with the corresponding clinical pictures, as well as with the overview of other cases from the available literature.

  6. Leucoderma associated with flares of erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas: four cases. The French Study Group of Cutaneous Lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bouloc, A; Grange, F; Delfau-Larue, M H; Dieng, M T; Tortel, M C; Avril, M F; Revuz, J; Bagot, M; Wechsler, J

    2000-10-01

    We describe four patients with erythrodermic cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (two with erythrodermic mycosis fungoides, and two with Sézary syndrome) who presented with extensive hypopigmented lesions that occurred during flares of their cutaneous disease. These cases must be distinguished from previously described hypopigmented mycosis fungoides where hypopigmented lesions were the sole manifestation of the lymphoma. In two cases a biopsy was performed on hypopigmented skin, showing an infiltrate of atypical lymphocytes with epidermotropism and absence of melanocytes, as in vitiligo. It is suggested that the hypopigmentation could be due to the cytotoxicity of tumour or reactional lymphocytes directed against melanocytes.

  7. Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With Previously Treated Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma or Hodgkin's Disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-14

    Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  8. Extreme Hypoglycaemia in Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma

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    Lidor Akavia

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Hypoglycaemia associated with non-islet cell tumours (NICTH is a rare entity in patients with extra-pancreatic malignancies, mostly attributed to large mesenchymal or epithelial tumours. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma has not previously been associated with NICTH, making this the first publication of such a report. Patient and methods: A 22-year-old, non-diabetic patient was admitted to our department with malaise, itching, night sweats and weight loss. Serum glucose levels at presentation were extremely low, reaching 3 mg/dl at the lowest. Further investigations revealed undetectable blood insulin and C-peptide levels, together with low IGF-1 (34 ng/ml levels. Inguinal lymph node biopsy showed anaplastic large cell lymphoma, and bone marrow biopsy along with supporting blood tests revealed haemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis. Discussion: In conjunction with an adequate hyperglycaemic response to intravenous glucagon, all of the above findings indicate hypoglycaemia as a result of overproduction of high molecular weight IGF-2 precursor protein, generally referred to as ‘Big IGF-2’. Large solid tumours can occasionally produce loosely bound or free Big IGF-2 molecules which circulate throughout the plasma and bind to insulin as well as IGF receptors, thus increasing glucose intake by body tissues, decreasing the release of glucose to the bloodstream by the liver and causing feedback suppression of insulin, IGF-1 and growth hormone production. Therefore, it is exceptional to find Big IGF-2-related hypoglycaemia in non-solid tumours. Our case shows that, although extremely uncommon, rare instances of NICTH can be attributed to the production of Big IGF-2 in non-solid malignancies including anaplastic large cell lymphoma.

  9. [A case of secondary pulmonary malignant lymphoma with multiple pulmonary nodules and spiculation].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furuhashi, Naohiro; Sugino, Yasuteru; Okumura, Junya; Saito, Yushi; Hiraga, Junji; Kitagawa, Satoshi

    2011-11-01

    A 72-year-old man presented to our hospital with fatigue and anemia. Chest CT showed multiple nodular shadows. We first suspected lung cancer and multiple metastatic lesions because some nodules had spiculation. However, PET-CT revealed the small intestine, thyroid and rib as well as these nodules to be positive for FDG uptake, suggesting malignant lymphoma and lung involvement. For diagnosis, lung biopsy by video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS) was performed. Pathologic examination of the lung biopsy specimen showed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We diagnosed secondary pulmonary malignant lymphoma.

  10. Localized low-dose radiotherapy for follicular lymphoma: history, clinical results, mechanisms of action, and future outlooks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ganem, Gérard; Cartron, Guillaume; Girinsky, Théodore; Haas, Rick L M; Cosset, Jean Marc; Solal-Celigny, Philippe

    2010-11-15

    The extreme radiosensitivity of indolent lymphomas was reported in the early years of radiotherapy (RT). The efficacy of low-dose total body irradiation (1.5-2 Gy) was particularly demonstrative. Higher doses were considered appropriate for localized disease. The optimal (or conventional) dose of curative RT derived from the early studies was determined to be 30-35 Gy. Nevertheless, in older series addressing the tumoricidal radiation dose in non-Hodgkin's lymphomas, investigators noted that a significant number of "nodular" lymphomas were controlled with a dose of 3 years. The idea of reintroducing localized low-dose radiotherapy (LDRT) for indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas came from a clinical observation. The first study showing the high efficacy of LDRT (4 Gy in two fractions of 2 Gy within 3 days) in selected patients with chemoresistant, indolent, non-Hodgkin's lymphomas was published in 1994. Since this first report, at least eight series of patients treated with localized LDRT have been published, showing a 55% complete response rate in irradiated sites, with a median duration of 15-42 months. How LDRT induces lymphoma cell death remains partly unknown. However, some important advances have recently been reported. Localized LDRT induces an apoptosis of follicular lymphoma cells. This apoptotic cell death elicits an immune response mediated by macrophages and dendritic cells. Follicular lymphoma is probably an ideal model to explore these mechanisms. This review also discusses the future of LDRT for follicular lymphoma. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  11. Linfoma de Burkitt Burkitt lymphoma

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    Fernando Sierra Arego

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available El linfoma de Burkitt es un tipo de linfoma no Hodgkin, no frecuente en Cuba, pues es endémico de África Central. Diagnosticar uno en nuestro país siempre es significativo, por lo que conocerlo es importante.The Burkitt lymphoma is a type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma infrequent in Cuba since it is endemic of Central Africa. The diagnosis of one in our country always is significant, thus it is important to know it.

  12. Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma

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    Afonso José Pereira Cortez

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Hodgkin's lymphoma has high rates of cure, but in 15% to 20% of general patients and between 35% and 40% of those in advanced stages, the disease will progress or will relapse after initial treatment. For this group, hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is considered one option of salvage therapy. OBJECTIVES: To evaluate a group of 106 patients with Hodgkin's lymphoma, who suffered relapse or who were refractory to treatment, submitted to autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in a single transplant center. METHODS: A retrospective study was performed with data collected from patient charts. The analysis involved 106 classical Hodgkin's lymphoma patients who were consecutively submitted to high-dose chemotherapy followed by autologous transplants in a single institution from April 1993 to December 2006. RESULTS: The overall survival rates of this population at five and ten years were 86% and 70%, respectively. The disease-free survival was approximately 60% at five years. Four patients died of procedure-related causes but relapse of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma after transplant was the most frequent cause of death. Univariate analysis shows that sensitivity to pre-transplant treatment and hemoglobin < 10 g/dL at diagnosis had an impact on patient survival. Unlike other studies, B-type symptoms did not seem to affect overall survival. Lactic dehydrogenase and serum albumin concentrations analyzed at diagnosis did not influence patient survival either. CONCLUSION: Autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation is an effective treatment strategy for early and late relapse in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma for cases that were responsive to pre-transplant chemotherapy. Refractory to treatment is a sign of worse prognosis. Additionally, a hemoglobin concentration below 10 g/dL at diagnosis of Hodgkin's lymphoma has a negative impact on the survival of patients after transplant. As far as we know this relationship has not

  13. ESMO Consensus Conference on malignant lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buske, C; Hutchings, M; Ladetto, M

    2018-01-01

    into three working groups; each group focused on one of these areas in order to address clinically-relevant questions relating to that topic. All relevant scientific literature, as identified by the experts, was reviewed in advance. During the consensus conference, each working group developed...... of the three key areas identified. This manuscript presents the consensus recommendations regarding the clinical management of elderly patients diagnosed with malignant lymphoma. Four clinically-relevant topics identified by the panel were: 1) how to define patient fitness, 2) assessing quality of life, 3......) diagnostic work-up and 4) clinical management of elderly patients with lymphoma. Each of these key topics is addressed in the context of five different lymphoma entities, namely: CLL, follicular lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Results, including...

  14. Flavopiridol in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma or Multiple Myeloma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-27

    Adult Lymphocyte Depletion Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Mixed Cellularity Hodgkin Lymphoma; Adult Nodular Sclerosis Hodgkin Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Multiple Myeloma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I Multiple Myeloma; Stage II Multiple Myeloma; Stage III Multiple Myeloma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  15. Genetically Modified Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With HIV-Associated Non-Hodgkin or Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-05-06

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; AIDS-related Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Peripheral/Systemic Lymphoma; AIDS-related Small Noncleaved Cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; HIV-associated Hodgkin Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage I AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage II AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage III AIDS-related Lymphoma; Stage IV AIDS-related Lymphoma; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocyte Leukemia; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  16. A gene panel, including LRP12, is frequently hypermethylated in major types of B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicole Bethge

    Full Text Available Epigenetic modifications and DNA methylation in particular, have been recognized as important mechanisms to alter gene expression in malignant cells. Here, we identified candidate genes which were upregulated after an epigenetic treatment of B-cell lymphoma cell lines (Burkitt's lymphoma, BL; Follicular lymphoma, FL; Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, DLBCL activated B-cell like, ABC; and germinal center like, GCB and simultaneously expressed at low levels in samples from lymphoma patients. Qualitative methylation analysis of 24 candidate genes in cell lines revealed five methylated genes (BMP7, BMPER, CDH1, DUSP4 and LRP12, which were further subjected to quantitative methylation analysis in clinical samples from 59 lymphoma patients (BL, FL, DLBCL ABC and GCB; and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma, PMBL. The genes LRP12 and CDH1 showed the highest methylation frequencies (94% and 92%, respectively. BMPER (58%, DUSP4 (32% and BMP7 (22%, were also frequently methylated in patient samples. Importantly, all gene promoters were unmethylated in various control samples (CD19+ peripheral blood B cells, peripheral blood mononuclear cells and tonsils as well as in follicular hyperplasia samples, underscoring a high specificity. The combination of LRP12 and CDH1 methylation could successfully discriminate between the vast majority of the lymphoma and control samples, emphasized by receiver operating characteristic analysis with a c-statistic of 0.999. These two genes represent promising epigenetic markers which may be suitable for monitoring of B-cell lymphoma.

  17. Arsenic Trioxide in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Lymphoma or Leukemia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-31

    Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Prolymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  18. ESMO Consensus conferences : guidelines on malignant lymphoma. part 2: marginal zone lymphoma, mantle cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dreyling, M.; Thieblemont, C.; Gallamini, A.; Arcaini, L.; Campo, E.; Hermine, O.; Kluin-Nelemans, J. C.; Ladetto, M.; Le Gouill, S.; Iannitto, E.; Pileri, S.; Rodriguez, J.; Schmitz, N.; Wotherspoon, A.; Zinzani, P.; Zucca, E.

    To complement the existing treatment guidelines for all tumour types, ESMO organizes consensus conferences to focus on specific issues in each type of tumour. In this setting, a consensus conference on the management of lymphoma was held on 18 June 2011 in Lugano, next to the 11th International

  19. Hodgkin's Lymphoma of the Breast

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    TNHJOURNALPH

    with radiation therapy alone or with a combination of several chemotherapeutic ... diagnosed patients.10 chemotherapy commenced. .... Cancer.1992;69:725-735. 4. Ganjoo k, Advani R, Marriappan MR,. McMillan A, Horning S. Non-Hodgkins lymphoma of the Breast. Cancer. 2007;110:25-30. 5. Talwalker SS, Miranda RN ...

  20. LYMPHOMA AND THE NEPHROTIC SYNDROME*

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    is erythematosus and ataxia telangiectasia. It is with in mind that one may postulate a common immuno- eal basis for the nephrotic syndrome and the lympho- his report describes a patient who presented with the. Irrotic syndrome and was found to have an unsus- ed lymphoma. A possible aetiological association is ussed.

  1. ATR alterations in Hodgkin's lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Angen; Takakuwa, Tetsuya; Fujita, Shigeki; Luo, Wen-Juan; Tresnasari, Kristianti; Van den Berg, Anke; Poppema, Sibrand; Aozasa, Katsuyuki

    Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) is characterized by the presence of neoplastic Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg cells (HRSC) in a background of inflammatory cells. Free radicals and oxidative stress generated in the inflammatory lesions could cause DNA damage, thus providing a basis for lymphomagenesis.

  2. Drugs Approved for Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    This page lists cancer drugs approved by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) for Hodgkin lymphoma. The list includes generic names, brand names, and common drug combinations, which are shown in capital letters. The drug names link to NCI's Cancer Drug Information summaries.

  3. The predictive significance of CD20 expression in B-cell lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horvat Mateja

    2011-04-01

    . Approximately 25% of B-cell lymphoma patients have the CD20 expression below the cut-off value showing that the low CD20 expression might be more common than presumed from our previous study.

  4. Aggressive peripheral CD70-positive T-cell lymphoma associated with severe chronic active EBV infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shaffer, Donald R; Sheehan, Andrea M; Yi, Zhongzhen; Rodgers, Cheryl C; Bollard, Catherine M; Brenner, Malcolm K; Rooney, Cliona M; Heslop, Helen E; Gottschalk, Stephen

    2012-10-01

    Severe chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) in T or NK cells is a rare complication of latent EBV infection. CAEBV associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) consists of polyclonal lesions as well as aggressive lymphomas. Here, we report such a patient. In addition, we show that this primary CAEBV associated T-cell lymphoma expresses CD70 and is sensitive to killing by CD70-specific T cells, identifying CD70 as a potential immunotherapeutic target for CAEBV-associated T-cell lymphoma. Copyright © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  5. Burkitt's lymphoma with bilateral cavernous sinus and mediastinal involvement in a child

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Huisman, Thierry A.G.M.; Tschirch, Frank; Schneider, Jacques F.L.; Martin-Fiori, Ernst; Willi, Ulrich V. [Department of Radiology and Magnetic Resonance Imaging, University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Steinwiesstrasse 75, 8032, Zurich (Switzerland); Niggli, Felix [Department of Paediatrics, University Children' s Hospital Zurich, Zurich (Switzerland)

    2003-10-01

    We report a 12-year-old boy who presented with incomplete right ophthalmoplegia, exophthalmos and headache. Initial CT and MRI revealed a mass in the right cavernous sinus. During tumour work-up, CT identified additional tumour within the mediastinum. Biopsy of the mediastinal lesion identified Burkitt's lymphoma. We report on this case because radiologists and clinicians should be alerted to identify sites of primary Burkitt's lymphoma outside of the central nervous system if clinical symptoms indicate, or imaging shows, CNS lesions. Primary CNS involvement in Burkitt's lymphoma is rare. (orig.)

  6. [Molecular pathogenesis of peripheral T cell lymphoma (2): extranodal NK/T cell lymphoma, nasal type, adult T cell leukemia/lymphoma and enteropathy associated T cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Couronné, Lucile; Bastard, Christian; Gaulard, Philippe; Hermine, Olivier; Bernard, Olivier

    2015-11-01

    Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL) belong to the group of non-Hodgkin lymphoma and particularly that of mature T /NK cells lymphoproliferative neoplasms. The 2008 WHO classification describes different PTCL entities with varying prevalence. With the exception of histologic subtype "ALK positive anaplastic large cell lymphoma", PTCL are characterized by a poor prognosis. The mechanisms underlying the pathogenesis of these lymphomas are not yet fully understood, but development of genomic high-throughput analysis techniques now allows to extensively identify the molecular abnormalities present in tumor cells. This review aims to summarize the current knowledge and recent advances about the molecular events occurring at the origin or during the natural history of main entities of PTCL. The first part published in the October issue was focused on the three more frequent entities, i.e. angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, and anaplastic large cell lymphoma. The second part presented herein will describe other subtypes less frequent and of poor prognosis : extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma, and enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma. © 2015 médecine/sciences – Inserm.

  7. [Clinical and prognostic relevance of the Kiel classification of non-Hodgkin lymphomas].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brittinger, G; Bartels, H; Common, H; Dühmke, E; Engelhard, M; Fülle, H H; Gunzer, U; Gyenes, T; Heinz, R; König, E

    1986-04-01

    The Kiel classification provides a new subdivision of non-Hodgkin lymphomas into distinct entities showing different clinical and prognostic properties. In comparison with earlier classifications this system defines additional types of lymphoma (e.g. CC lymphoma, LP immunocytoma) (for abbreviations see text) which are to be considered separate entities also from a clinical point of view. By data derived from a multicenter prospective observation study (1,127 patients recruited from 1975 to 1980, follow-up until 1985) a precise definition of the clinical features of each lymphoma entity (e.g. frequency, age and sex distribution, patterns of initial involvement and spread of disease) was possible. In addition, the effect of radio- and/or chemotherapeutic measures was evaluated. Strictly localized disease (stage I/IE according to the Ann Arbor classification) occurred in 1.5 to 8% of patients with NHL of low-grade malignancy (comprising 69.4% of cases studied) and in 8 to 17% of patients with high-grade malignant NHL (comprising 30.2% of cases studied). Loco-regional irradiation alone was able to induce complete remission in 86 to 89% (CB and IB lymphomas) and in 100% (LP immunocytoma, CB-CC and CC lymphomas), respectively, of stage I/IE patients. Only CC and IB lymphomas showed a relevant risk of relapse (40% and 50%, respectively). Total lymphoid irradiation as able to induce stable complete remissions in about 50% of patients with stage III of CB-CC lymphoma. Probabilities of survival of patients with initial stages III and IV treated by several types of chemotherapy reflect different prognostic features of individual lymphoma entities.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

  8. Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Bortezomib, and Dexamethasone in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Low-Grade Follicular Lymphoma, Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia, or Mantle Cell Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-23

    Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia

  9. Primary duodenal Burkitt lymphoma presenting as sessile, button-like bleeding polyps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ching-Chih Hu

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Primary gastrointestinal (GI lymphoma accounts for 30–50% of all extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas, making the GI tract the most common site of extranodal non-Hodgkin’s lymphomas. Most GI lymphomas belong to the B cell lineage. Burkitt lymphoma (BL is a highly aggressive mature B cell neoplasm that occurs in three forms: endemic, sporadic, and immunodeficiency-associated. Sporadic BL accounts for 1–2% of all adult lymphomas and usually presents as an abdominal manifestation of extranodal disease involving the distal ileum or cecum. Primary BL of the duodenum is rare. However, this report emphasizes the importance of awareness of the malignancy potential of duodenal polyps. We report the case of a 70-year-old woman admitted to our ward with upper GI bleeding due to duodenal polyps. An upper GI endoscopic examination showed button-like polyps with central depression, and an immunohistochemical study of the polyps revealed a high-grade B cell malignancy (BL. Consequently, the patient was treated with aggressive chemotherapy. The tumors regressed after chemotherapy. Although primary duodenal Burkitt lymphoma is very rare, the possibility of malignancy should be considered if a patient presents with duodenal button-like polyps with a central depressed surface.

  10. Conjunctival mass as an initial presentation of mantle cell lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khanlari Mahsa

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background To describe a rare manifestation of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL in conjunctiva, with clinical, hisologic, immunohistologic and genetic findings together with review of the Literature. Case presentation Most ocular adnexal lymphomas are extranodal marginal zone B-cell lymphomas of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT. A few cases of ocular adnexal mantle cell lymphomas have been reported in the literature. We present a case of mantle cell lymphoma presenting as right conjunctival mass of at least three months duration in a 64-year-old man. Histopathologic examination showed a proliferation of monomorphous small-to-medium-sized lymphoid cells with cleaved nuclei in the subconjunctiva. By immunohistochemistry, the infiltrate was positive for CD20, CD5, BCL-2, cyclin D1, and the transcription factor SOX11. Fluorescent in situ hybridization demonstrated the presence of IGH-CCND1 fusion indicating t(11;14. Conclusion A rigorous approach to initial diagnosis and staging of small cell lymphomas of the ocular adnexa is needed. The recognition of ocular MCL requires appropriate immunohistochemical staining and/or genetic confirmation to differentiate this rare form of presentation of MCL from other more frequent small cell lymphomas.

  11. Double-Hit Lymphoma Presenting as Primary Renal Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vikas Mehta

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphomas with concurrent IGH-BCL2 and MYC rearrangements, also known as “double hit” lymphomas (DHL, are rare neoplasms characterized by highly aggressive clinical behavior, complex karyotypes, and a spectrum of pathological features overlapping with Burkitt lymphoma (BL and diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL. Primary renal lymphoma (PRL by definition is a renal lymphoma without evidence of systemic involvement. PRL is extremely rare with less than 100 cases of both Hodgkin disease and non-Hodgkin lymphoma reported in literature. Double hit lymphomas have extremely poor prognosis, and high resistance to intensive chemotherapy, including high-dose chemotherapy. We describe a very rare case of DHL arising in kidney as PRL in whom concurrent IGH-BCL2 and MYC rearrangements were detected. [J Interdiscipl Histopathol 2013; 1(2.000: 93-97

  12. Extranodal marginal zone (MALT) lymphoma in common variable immunodeficiency.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Desar, I.M.; Keuter, M.; Raemaekers, J.M.M.; Jansen, J.B.M.J.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Meer, J.W.M. van der

    2006-01-01

    We describe two patients with common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) who developed extranodal marginal zone lymphoma (formerly described as mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma or MALT lymphoma). One patient, with documented pernicious anaemia and chronic atrophic gastritis with metaplasia,

  13. What You Need to Know about Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Reports What You Need To Know About™ Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma This booklet is about non-Hodgkin lymphoma, a cancer that starts in the immune system. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is also called NHL. PDF This booklet is ...

  14. [Exceptional etiology of acute renal: Burkitt's lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dial, Cherif; Doh, Kwame; Thiam, Ibou; Faye, Mariam; Woto-Gaye, Gisèle

    2018-02-05

    Burkitt's lymphoma (BL) is an exceptional cause of acute renal failure (ARF). The origin of the tumor clone may be lymphoid follicles secondary to renal Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection. With the presentation of this clinical case, the pathogenesis, diagnostic criteria and evolution of this extremely rare affection will be discussed. A 4-year-old patient with a recent history of acute osteomyelitis of the right thigh presented an ARF without indications of post-infectious glomerulonephritis. Ultrasound showed enlarged kidneys without dilation of the excretory cavities. Diffuse interstitial infiltration of atypical lymphoid cells of medium size were noted upon renal biopsy. The tumor cells expressed antibodies against CD20, CD10, Bcl6, and Ki67 but not against Bcl2 or CD3. The search for an EBV infection was positive. A few days after diagnosis, the evolution was spontaneously fatal. BL of the kidney is a rare condition that accounts for less than 1 % of kidney tumors, associated almost invariably with EBV infection. The diagnosis is confirmed histologically by renal biopsy and the criteria of Malbrain affirms the primitive character of the lymphoma. BL of the kidney is a diagnostic and therapeutic emergency and may be fatal. Copyright © 2018 Société francophone de néphrologie, dialyse et transplantation. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS. All rights reserved.

  15. Plasmoblastic lymphoma associated with human immunodeficiency virus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Horváth, Emoke; Krenács, L; Bagdi, Eniko; Pávai, Z; Macarie, I; Nagy, Elod-Erno; Demian, Smaranda

    2008-01-01

    Plasmoblastic lymphoma (PBL) is a subtype of the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, typically present as extranodal disease associated with human immune deficiency virus (HIV) infection. PBLs are often the initial manifestation of AIDS. Here we present a case of PBL concerning the oral cavity. A 34-year-old woman presented a tumor in the oral cavity that involved the maxilla and gingiva (confirmed by CT-scan). The gingival biopsy showed a massive infiltration by large lymphoid cells with round, vesicular nuclei, prominent nucleoli, fine chromatin and an significant amount of basophilic cytoplasm which express CD79a, CD138, cytoplasmic lambda light chain and LCA, without staining for CD20, CD38, CD3 and CTK. Serological analysis confirmed HIV positivity. PBLs lack most B-lineage markers, but many express CD79a in at least some of the cells, therefore generate difficulties in differential diagnosis. Overall assessment and correlation of the histopathological and immunohistochemical features with the clinical findings and serology investigation are the most helpful diagnostic tools and can lead to the final diagnosis.

  16. Mediastinal Choriocarcinoma Masquerading as Relapsed Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selay Lam

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Primary mediastinal choriocarcinoma is a rare extragonadal germ cell malignancy. We describe the first case of a patient who developed mediastinal choriocarcinoma after treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma (HL. A 25-year-old man with classic HL, nodular sclerosis subtype, underwent treatment with splenectomy followed by radiation therapy. Unfortunately, his disease relapsed with a paraspinal mass, and he was subsequently treated with MOPP (mechlorethamine, Oncovin, procarbazine, and prednisone alternating with ABVD (Adriamycin, bleomycin, vinblastine, and dacarbazine. He achieved a complete remission after 6 cycles. Ten years after treatment, the patient presented with a persistent cough, haemoptysis, right supraclavicular lymphadenopathy, and weight loss. His chest X-ray showed opacification of the lower right hemithorax with a widened mediastinum. Given unresponsiveness to several antibiotics and lack of evidence for lung volume loss, there were concerns over lung infiltration with relapsed lymphoma. Transbronchial fine needle aspiration biopsy suggested recurrence of his HL. MOPP alternating with ABVD was again given. Due to disease progression, brachytherapy as well as a cocktail of dexamethasone, cytarabine, and cisplatin were also tried. However, on a subsequent excisional lymph node biopsy, it turned out that the tumour was in fact choriocarcinoma and not relapsed HL. Unfortunately, despite aggressive therapy, the patient’s disease rapidly progressed, and he died within 2 weeks.

  17. Primary hepatic lymphoma: A case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trupti S Patel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary non-Hodgkin lymphoma of the liver is a very rare malignancy. In this case report, we describe a case of primary hepatic lymphoma (PHL in a 60-year-old man who presented with lump and pain in the abdomen of 2 months′ duration. The patient had altered liver function, normal serum alfa fetoprotein level (AFP, normal hemogram and bone marrow. A computed tomography scan of the abdomen and pelvis showed an ill-defined hypodense mass with specks of calcification involving the liver, suggestive of primary malignant mass of liver. Diagnosis of PHL was established on the cytology smear and confirmed by immunohistochemistry on tissue biopsy. This case demonstrates that PHL should be considered in the differential diagnosis of space-occupying liver lesions in the presence of a normal level of AFP. Fine needle aspiration cytology is a faster and safer diagnostic modality even in such a rare case. The case has many unique features like negative serology for viruses, no type B symptom and normal lactate dehydrogenase level.

  18. Follicular lymphoma of the ocular adnexal region

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rasmussen, Peter Kristian; Ralfkiaer, E.; Prause, J.U.

    2015-01-01

    Purpose To characterize the clinicopathological features of follicular lymphoma of the ocular adnexal region. Methods Retrospective nation-based study of Danish patients with ocular adnexal follicular lymphoma from January 1st 1980 through December 31st 2009. Results Twenty-four patients...... with ocular adnexal follicular lymphoma were identified. Fourteen (58%) of the patients were females. The median age was 63 years (range: 42–96 years). Eleven (46%) of the patients had primary ocular adnexal lymphoma, seven (29%) had an ocular adnexal lesion in conjunction with a concurrent systemic lymphoma...... and six patients (25%) presented with an ocular adnexal relapse. The most frequently affected sites were the lacrimal gland (38%) and the orbit (33%). Thirteen patients (54%) presented with Ann Arbor stage IE lymphoma, four (17%) had stage IIE, two patients (8%) stage IIIE, and five patients (21%) had...

  19. Modern radiation therapy for primary cutaneous lymphomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Specht, Lena; Dabaja, Bouthaina; Illidge, Tim

    2015-01-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases. They often remain localized, and they generally have a more indolent course and a better prognosis than lymphomas in other locations. They are highly radiosensitive, and radiation therapy is an important part of the treatment......, either as the sole treatment or as part of a multimodality approach. Radiation therapy of primary cutaneous lymphomas requires the use of special techniques that form the focus of these guidelines. The International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group has developed these guidelines after multinational...... meetings and analysis of available evidence. The guidelines represent an agreed consensus view of the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group steering committee on the use of radiation therapy in primary cutaneous lymphomas in the modern era....

  20. Characteristics of Hodgkin's lymphoma after infectious mononucleosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjalgrim, Henrik; Askling, Johan; Rostgaard, Klaus

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Infectious mononucleosis-related Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection has been associated with an increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma in young adults. Whether the association is causal remains unclear. METHODS: We compared the incidence rates of Hodgkin's lymphoma in two population...... with infectious mononucleosis (combined total, 38,555). Biopsy specimens of Hodgkin's lymphomas occurring during follow-up in this combined cohort were tested serologically for the presence of EBV. Using this information, we modeled the relative risk of EBV-negative and EBV-positive Hodgkin's lymphoma...... in different periods after the diagnosis of infectious mononucleosis and estimated the median incubation time for mononucleosis-related EBV-positive Hodgkin's lymphoma. RESULTS: Only serologically confirmed infectious mononucleosis was associated with a persistently increased risk of Hodgkin's lymphoma...

  1. Colonic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma identified by chromoendoscopy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seo, Sang-Wook; Lee, Seung-Hwa; Lee, Duck-Joo; Kim, Kwang-Min; Kang, Joon-Koo; Kim, Do-Wan; Lee, Jeong-Hun

    2014-01-01

    Colonic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphomas are a rare occurrence and the definitive treatment has not been established. Solitary or multiple, elevated or polypoid lesions are the usual appearances of MALT lymphoma in the large intestine and sometimes the surface may reveal abnormal vascularity. Herein, we report a case of MALT lymphoma and review the relevant literature. Upon colonoscopy, a suspected pathologic lesion was observed in the proximal transverse colon. The lesion could be distinguished more prominently after using narrow-band imaging mode and indigo carmine-dye spraying chromoendoscopy. Histopathologic examination of this biopsy specimen revealed lymphoepithelial lesions with diffuse proliferation of atypical lymphoid cells effacing the glandular architecture and centrocyte-like cells infiltrating the lamina propria. Immunohistochemical analyses showed that tumor cells were positive for CD20 and Bcl-2e, and negative for CD10, CD23, and Bcl-6. According to Ann-Arbor staging system, the patient had stage IIE. A partial colectomy with dissection of the paracolic lymph nodes was performed. Until now, there is no recurrence of lymphoma at follow-up. PMID:25561821

  2. Heparanase-neutralizing antibodies attenuate lymphoma tumor growth and metastasis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Weissmann, Marina; Arvatz, Gil; Horowitz, Netanel; Feld, Sari; Naroditsky, Inna; Zhang, Yi; Ng, Mary; Hammond, Edward; Nevo, Eviatar; Vlodavsky, Israel; Ilan, Neta

    2016-01-01

    Heparanase is an endoglycosidase that cleaves heparan sulfate side chains of proteoglycans, resulting in disassembly of the extracellular matrix underlying endothelial and epithelial cells and associating with enhanced cell invasion and metastasis. Heparanase expression is induced in carcinomas and sarcomas, often associating with enhanced tumor metastasis and poor prognosis. In contrast, the function of heparanase in hematological malignancies (except myeloma) was not investigated in depth. Here, we provide evidence that heparanase is expressed by human follicular and diffused non-Hodgkin's B-lymphomas, and that heparanase inhibitors restrain the growth of tumor xenografts produced by lymphoma cell lines. Furthermore, we describe, for the first time to our knowledge, the development and characterization of heparanase-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies that inhibit cell invasion and tumor metastasis, the hallmark of heparanase activity. Using luciferase-labeled Raji lymphoma cells, we show that the heparanase-neutralizing monoclonal antibodies profoundly inhibit tumor load in the mouse bones, associating with reduced cell proliferation and angiogenesis. Notably, we found that Raji cells lack intrinsic heparanase activity, but tumor xenografts produced by this cell line exhibit typical heparanase activity, likely contributed by host cells composing the tumor microenvironment. Thus, the neutralizing monoclonal antibodies attenuate lymphoma growth by targeting heparanase in the tumor microenvironment. PMID:26729870

  3. Distinguishing Intestinal Lymphoma From Inflammatory Bowel Disease in Canine Duodenal Endoscopic Biopsy Samples.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carrasco, V; Rodríguez-Bertos, A; Rodríguez-Franco, F; Wise, A G; Maes, R; Mullaney, T; Kiupel, M

    2015-07-01

    Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and intestinal lymphoma are intestinal disorders in dogs, both causing similar chronic digestive signs, although with a different prognosis and different treatment requirements. Differentiation between these 2 conditions is based on histopathologic evaluation of intestinal biopsies. However, an accurate diagnosis is often difficult based on histology alone, especially when only endoscopic biopsies are available to differentiate IBD from enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATL) type 2, a small cell lymphoma. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the utility of histopathology; immunohistochemistry (IHC) for CD3, CD20, and Ki-67; and polymerase chain reaction (PCR) for antigen receptor rearrangement (T-cell clonality) in the differential diagnosis of severe IBD vs intestinal lymphoma. Endoscopic biopsies from 32 dogs with severe IBD or intestinal lymphoma were evaluated. The original diagnosis was based on microscopic examination of hematoxylin and eosin (HE)-stained sections alone followed by a second evaluation using morphology in association with IHC for CD3 and CD20 and a third evaluation using PCR for clonality. Our results show that, in contrast to feline intestinal lymphomas, 6 of 8 canine small intestinal lymphomas were EATL type 1 (large cell) lymphomas. EATL type 2 was uncommon. Regardless, in dogs, intraepithelial lymphocytes were not an important diagnostic feature to differentiate IBD from EATL as confirmed by PCR. EATL type 1 had a significantly higher Ki-67 index than did EATL type 2 or IBD cases. Based on the results of this study, a stepwise diagnostic approach using histology as the first step, followed by immunophenotyping and determining the Ki67 index and finally PCR for clonality, improves the accuracy of distinguishing intestinal lymphoma from IBD in dogs. © The Author(s) 2014.

  4. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma in Romania: a single-centre experience.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fetica, Bogdan; Achimas-Cadariu, Patriciu; Pop, Bogdan; Dima, Delia; Petrov, Ljubomir; Perry, Anamarija M; Nathwani, Bharat N; Müller-Hermelink, Hans K; Diebold, Jacques; MacLennan, Kenneth A; Fulop, Annamaria; Blaga, Mihaiela L; Coza, Daniela; Nicula, Florian Al; Irimie, Alexandru; Weisenburger, Dennis D

    2017-06-01

    Epidemiologic studies of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in Eastern Europe are scarce in the literature. We report the experience of the "Ion Chiricuta" Institute of Oncology in Cluj-Napoca (IOCN), Romania, in the diagnosis and outcome of patients with NHL. We studied 184 consecutive NHL patients diagnosed in the Pathology Department of IOCN during the years 2004-2006. We also obtained epidemiological data from the Northwestern (NW) Cancer Registry. In the IOCN series, the most common lymphoma subtype was diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (43.5%), followed by the chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma (21.2%). T-cell lymphomas represented a small proportion (8.2%). The median age of the patients was 57 years, with a male-to-female ratio of 0.94. Patients with indolent B-cell lymphomas had the best overall survival, whereas those with mantle cell lymphoma had the worst survival. The NW Cancer Registry data showed that the occurrence of NHL in the NW region of Romania was higher in men [world age-standardized incidence rate/100 000 (ASR)-5.9; 95% CI 5.1-6.6] than in women (ASR-4.1; 95% CI 3.5-4.7) with age-standardized male-to-female ratio of 1.44 (p = 0.038). Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia/small lymphocytic lymphoma was the most common NHL in the NW region of Romania, accounting for 43% of all cases, followed by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (36%). The 5-year, age-standardized cumulative relative survival for NHL in the County of Cluj in NW Romania, for the period of 2006-2010, was 51.4%, with 58.4% survival for men and 43.2% for women. Additional studies of NHL in Eastern Europe are needed. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2015 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  5. Bendamustine HCL for the treatment of relapsed indolent non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudolf Weide

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Rudolf WeidePraxisklinik für Hämatologie und Onkologie, Koblenz, GermanyAbstract: Bendamustine is an alkylating agent which also shows properties of a purine analog. Because of its unique mechanism of action it shows activity in relapsed indolent lymphomas which are resistant to alkylating agents, purine analogs, and rituximab. Bendamustine has a favorable toxicity profile causing no alopecia and only a moderate hematotoxicity and gastrointestinal toxicity. Combinations of bendamustine with mitoxantrone and rituximab and with rituximab alone have been shown to be highly active in relapsed/refractory indolent lymphomas and mantle cell lymphomas achieving long lasting complete remissions. Because of only moderate toxicity these combinations can be applied safely in elderly patients who can be treated in an outpatient setting.Keywords: bendamustine, relapsed-indolent, non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma

  6. [A case of MALT lymphoma of the colon, stomach, and small intestine].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sahara, Kota; Tabata, Taku; Arakawa, Takeo; Fujiwara, Takashi; Egashira, Hideto; Fujiwara, Junko; Momma, Kumiko; Hishima, Tsunekazu; Koizumi, Koichi; Kamisawa, Terumi

    2015-02-01

    An 85-year-old man was diagnosed with mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the colon in 20XX. Although Helicobacter pylori eradication was performed as part of the treatment, it was ineffective. He was followed-up by colonoscopy for 4 years without additional treatment and there was no interval change;however, he was lost to follow-up 6 years after the first visit. Nine years after the initial diagnosis, he presented with new MALT lymphoma lesions in the stomach and small intestine. Genetic analysis showed that a biopsy specimen was positive for API2/MALT1 fusion gene, and IgH rearrangement showed monoclonal banding between colon and stomach. This suggested disseminated monoclonal API2/MALT1-positive MALT lymphoma of the colon, stomach, and small intestine. Careful attention should be paid to the appearance of multiple lesions in MALT lymphoma.

  7. Primary hepatic lymphoma in a patient with previous rectal adenocarcinoma: a case report and discussion of etiopathogenesis and diagnostic tools.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Raimondo, Lucia; Ferrara, Idalucia; Stefano, Alfonso De; Cella, Chiara Alessandra; D'Armiento, Francesco Paolo; Ciancia, Giuseppe; Moretto, Roberto; Renzo, Amalia De; Carlomagno, Chiara

    2012-03-01

    Primary hepatic lymphoma is an extremely rare malignancy accounting for 0.016% of all cases of non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Approximately 1-4% of histologies described show a follicular pattern. We report a case of primary hepatic non-Hodgkin lymphoma that developed in a middle-aged woman 3 years after radical treatment (neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy and surgery) for a rectal adenocarcinoma. Abdomen ultrasound showed a single nodule in the liver, which raised the issue of differential diagnosis with a metastasis from rectal cancer. After surgical removal of the nodule, histology revealed a primary B cell, stage IE follicular non-Hodgkin lymphoma, confined to the liver; indeed, no foci of lymphoma were found elsewhere in the body.

  8. Therapeutic options for adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marçais, Ambroise; Suarez, Felipe; Sibon, David; Frenzel, Laurent; Hermine, Olivier; Bazarbachi, Ali

    2013-10-01

    Adult T-cell leukemia/lymphoma (ATL) is the first human malignancy associated with a retroviral infection and occurs in approximately 5 % of the 15 million to 20 million people infected by human T-cell lymphotropic virus 1. In general, ATL is resistant to chemotherapy, and while awaiting new therapeutics, patients commonly face a detrimental progress of the disease and death. The viral oncoprotein Tax is a key player in the cause of ATL and acts by interfering with DNA repair, cell cycle, apoptosis, and proliferative cellular programs. The Shimoyama classification describes four different subtypes (acute, lymphoma, chronic, and smoldering) associated with different outcomes, and that require different treatment strategies tailored to the clinical presentation. In aggressive ATL (acute and lymphoma subtypes), clinical trials, mostly from Japan, have demonstrated that combinations of chemotherapy can induce acceptable response rates, especially in the lymphoma subtype. However, the overall outcome remains extremely poor owing to a high rate of relapse. Similarly, the so-called indolent forms (smoldering and chronic subtypes) have a poor outcome whether they are managed with watching and waiting or treated with chemotherapy. We recently realized a worldwide meta-analysis and showed that the combination of zidovudine and interferon alpha is highly effective in the leukemic subtypes of ATL and should be considered as standard first-line therapy in that setting. This combination has changed the natural history of the disease through achievement of significantly improved long-term survival in patients with smoldering and chronic ATL as well as a subset of patients with acute ATL. Patients with lymphoma-type ATL still benefit from chemotherapy induction with concurrent or sequential antiretroviral therapy with zidovudine and interferon alpha. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation is a promising option but has several barriers. New drugs such as the new antibody anti-CXCR4

  9. Abdominal manifestations of extranodal lymphoma: pictorial essay

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fajardo, Lais; Cardia, Patricia Prando; Prando, Adilson, E-mail: laisfajardo@gmail.com [Centro Radiologico Campinas/Hospital Vera Cruz, Campinas, SP (Brazil); Ramin, Guilherme de Araujo; Penachim, Thiago Jose; Martins, Daniel Lahan [Pontificia Universidade Catolica de Campinas (PUC- Campinas), SP (Brazil)

    2016-11-15

    In the appropriate clinical setting, certain aspects of extranodal abdominal lymphoma, as revealed by current cross-sectional imaging techniques, should be considered potentially diagnostic and can hasten the diagnosis. In addition, diagnostic imaging in the context of biopsy-proven lymphoma can accurately stage the disease for its appropriate treatment. The purpose of this article was to illustrate the various imaging aspects of extranodal lymphoma in the abdomen. (author)

  10. Oral Burkitt's lymphoma--case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Freitas, Roseana de Almeida; Veras Barros, Simone Souza Lobão; Quinderé, Lêda Bezerra

    2008-01-01

    Burkitt's lymphoma is a poorly differentiated rare and aggressive type of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. This article reports the case of a male child aged seven years, who was examined at the Odontopediatric Clinic of the UFRN Dentistry Department. The patient presented a tumor in the premolar region of the mandible; teeth were mobile in this region. Radiology revealed a diffuse radioluscent area which was diagnosed histopathologically as Burkitt's lymphoma. The patient was treated with polychemotherapy; complete remission of the disease was attained.

  11. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yamada Sohsuke

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell’s palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL. Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL and intravascular lymphoma (IVL was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  12. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma presenting with neurolymphomatosis and intravascular lymphoma: a unique autopsy case with diverse neurological symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yamada, Sohsuke; Tanimoto, Akihide; Nabeshima, Atsunori; Tasaki, Takashi; Wang, Ke-Yong; Kitada, Shohei; Noguchi, Hirotsugu; Sasaguri, Yasuyuki

    2012-08-13

    A 78-year-old Japanese male noticed a difficulty in the beginning of standing up, followed by 7a progressive numbness of extremities with pain, Bell's palsy, dysarthria, and difficulty in swallowing. A clinician had suspected cancer of unknown primary origin, accompanied by the diverse and elusive neurological symptoms, likely presenting as painful mononeuropathy simplex and cranial neuropathy. He developed dysbasia over weeks and died 1 month after the symptom onset. At autopsy, an ill-defined large and soft tumor mass in the right lobe of the liver with direct invasion into the right adrenal gland was observed. The left adrenal gland or right iliopsoas muscle was also involved. Microscopic findings showed a monotonous proliferation of medium-sized to large atypical lymphoid cells, which were diffusely positive for CD20 in immunohistochemistry, consistent with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBL). Furthermore, the lymphoma cells aggressively infiltrated endoneurial and subperineurial spaces not only in the peripheral nerves and plexuses, but partly in the spinal nerve roots, and intravascular spaces in various tissues. Therefore, systemic lymphoma (DLBL) complicated with neurolymphomatosis (NL) and intravascular lymphoma (IVL) was diagnosed. Very early diagnosis and treatment are necessary for the NL patients with poor prognosis. The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/5862472377020448.

  13. [Three cases of primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sakuraba, M; Onuki, T; Mae, M; Yoshida, T; Nitta, S

    2000-09-01

    Primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma is a rare disease that is thought to belong to a category of malignant lymphomas arising from mucosa- or bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT or BALT). We encountered 3 cases of primary pulmonary malignant lymphoma, Case 1: In a 51-year-old male, an abnormal shadow was detected in chest radiography in the right S9 after an operation for thyroid carcinoma. A right lower lobectomy was performed. The diagnosis was malignant lymphoma (marginal zone B-cell lymphoma). Immunohistochemical staining for IgM gave a positive result. Case 2: Multiple nodular shadows were noted in both lungs of a 55-year-old man after a bout of pneumonia. Video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery was performed, and the diagnosis was malignant lymphoma (marginal zone B-cell lymphoma). Gene analysis revealed rearrangement of a heavy chain gene. Case 3: An abnormal shadow was seen in the chest radiograph of a 60-year-old man. He was treated by right upper and middle lobectomy. The diagnosis was Hodgkin's disease, nodular sclerosing type. Chemotherapy was given after surgery and the patient is now alive without recurrence. As the pulmonary malignant lymphoma was difficult to diagnosepreoperatively, it was necessary to resect the mass for diagnostic purposes. The prognosis of a resected solitary lesion in the lobe was good. Therefore lobectomy was performed as the treatment of choice. Systemic chemotherapy is performed for the diffuse type of pulmonary lymphoma.

  14. Drugs Approved for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Types Bladder Cancer Breast Cancer Colorectal Cancer Kidney (Renal Cell) Cancer Leukemia Liver Cancer Lung Cancer Lymphoma Pancreatic Cancer Prostate Cancer Skin Cancer Thyroid Cancer Uterine Cancer All ...

  15. Primary extranodal marginal zone lymphoma - Epididymis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shanmugasundaram Rajaian

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available An elderly male presented with painful swelling in the right side of scrotum. He was treated with antibiotics for epididymoorchitis without any response. Ultrasound examination revealed a hypoechoic vascular mass in the tail of the epididymis. Fine needle aspirate cytology was inconclusive. Excision of the mass was done and biopsy revealed primary extranodal marginal zone lymphoma arising from mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT of epididymis. Marginal zone lymphoma arising from the MALT of epididymis is very rare. Lymphoma should be considered as a differential diagnosis of any epididymal swelling unresponsive to conservative treatment. We report a rare case of primary extranodal marginal lymphoma of MALT arising from epididymis.

  16. Ongoing trials in low-grade lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander Burchardt

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available There are many therapies available for the management of low-grade lymphoma. With follicular lymphoma, for example, combination of chemotherapy and rituximab (immuno-chemo - therapy and consecutive maintenance therapy for 2 years is the current standard of care. To date, the most widely used regimen seems to be rituximab combined with cyclo phosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (RCHOP. Substitution of liposomal doxorubicin in place of conventional doxorubicin may improve outcomes in this indication, although evidence for its use in low-grade lymphoma is not as relevant as in aggressive lymphoma. Bendamustine, in combination with rituximab, has shown very good efficacy and tolerability in several lymphoma types, particularly follicular lymphoma and other low-grade lymphomas. Other combinations, such as those including bortezomib and lenalidomide, are under investigation in low-grade lymphoma, and the duration of rituximab maintenance therapy following bendamustine−rituximab-containing induction is being researched by the German Study Group for Indolent Lymphoma (StiL.

  17. Plasmablastic lymphoma mimicking orbital cellulitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Merkx, Matthias A. W.; Weijs, Willem L. J.; Gerlach, Niek L.; Bergé, Stefaan J.

    2008-01-01

    Introduction Orbital cellulitis is an uncommon, potentially devastating condition that, when not promptly and adequately treated, can lead to serious sequelae. The presenting clinical signs are proptosis, swelling, ophthalmoplegia, pain and redness of the peri-orbital tissues. A number of cases have been reported in which these symptoms have been mistakenly interpreted as being secondary to an orbital infection whilst, in fact, other pathology was present. Discussion We add another case in which, on clinical grounds and after radiological assessment and laboratory tests, a working diagnosis of orbital cellulitis of the left eye was made. It was only after histopathological analysis of a soft tissue specimen from the maxillary sinus that a diagnosis of an AIDS-related plasmablastic lymphoma was made. The patient was referred to the department of haematology where chemotherapeutic treatment for the lymphoma and the HIV infection was started. This case report adds another differential diagnosis of orbital cellulitis to the existing literature. PMID:18597126

  18. Peripheral T-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Kerry J

    2007-07-01

    Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCLs) are a biologically diverse and uncommon group of diseases. Compared to their B-cell counterparts, PTCLs remain largely unexplored and the optimal treatment ill-defined due to disease rarity and biological heterogeneity. With the notable exception of ALK-pos anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL), the prognosis of most PTCL subtypes is extremely is poor with a 5 y overall survival of approximately 15-30% in most series. The international prognostic index has been useful in defining different risk groups within some PTCL subtypes, including PTCL unspecified (PTCLU). Attempts have been made to define disease subgroups within the biologically heterogeneous PTCLU based on T-helper chemokine receptor profile and/or gene expression profiling which may aid in tailoring new therapies. Future clinical trials are needed that focus specifically on PTCL to advance our understanding and define the optimal management in this disease.

  19. [Weiss' nasal lymphoma (histiocytic, malignant)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pons, S; Ortiz Medina, A

    1984-01-01

    We presented a patient with a deforming and necrotizing syndrome of the nasal pyramid. The histopathology demonstrated a lymphoma. The original works of Weiss are related. The diseases is characterized by: ecotaxis of the nasal pyramid, localized persistency during a long time, malaise in advanced studies and sensibility to radiations. We proposed the name linfoma histiocitico maligno nasal de Weiss and consider it as a autonomous entity.

  20. MS-275 and Isotretinoin in Treating Patients With Metastatic or Advanced Solid Tumors or Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-23

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Primary Central Nervous System Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Recurrent Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Stage IV Adult T-cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Stage IV Cutaneous T-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Stage IV Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Stage IV Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Stage IV Mycosis Fungoides/Sezary Syndrome; Stage IV Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  1. Primary cerebral lymphoma visualised by means of In-111-pentetreotide scintigraphy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Roland, J; Pickut, B A; Abib, A; Vandevivere, J; De Deyn, P P

    1998-12-01

    Primary lymphoma of the central nervous system, until recently representing about 1% of all brain tumours, shows a dramatically increased incidence in the general population as well as in high-risk groups (immunocompromised, AIDS), and may rise up to 6% in a population of AIDS patients. The clinical presentation is variable and cannot reliably be distinguished from other intracerebral tumours. At present, CT and MRI are the methods of choice for diagnosing cerebral lymphomas. However, their characteristics are not specific. The radiological picture may suggest glioma, meningioma, metastatic carcinoma or even a cerebrovascular accident. A labelled somatostatin analogue (pentetreotide) has been proposed as a new tracer for the imaging of somatostatin receptors, which have been identified by immunocytochemical or radioimmunoassay techniques in several organ systems. Somatostatin receptors were also identified in surgical biopsy samples from patients with Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma and extracerebral lymphoma has already been visualised in vivo by means of In-111-labelled pentetreotide. While CT images of the brain showed a regression of the tumour after radiotherapeutic treatment, the scintigraphic images showed persistence of the tumoural tissue, corresponding with the clinical evolution and outcome. Furthermore, the absence of extra-cerebral lymphoma tissue, seen on the whole body images, was confirmed by post-mortem examination. To our knowledge, this is the first report of a primary intracerebral lymphoma visualised by means In-111-pentetreotide.

  2. Primary Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphoma of the Uterus Manifesting as a Leiomyoma: A Unique Presentation with Review of Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rajan Dewar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available We report a primary diffuse large B-cell lymphoma of uterine corpus in a 70-years old woman who presented with symptoms of increased urinary frequency and sense of bloating. Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI findings were suggestive of a degenerating intramural fibroid. Histological examination of tissue samples obtained during hysteroscopy showed diffuse infiltration of fibrous stroma by atypical enlarged mononuclear cells. Immunohistochemical studies were consistent with the diagnosis of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.Further imaging studies showed no evidence of lymphoma outside the uterus. To our knowledge,this represents the first welldocumented case of primary uterine lymphoma presenting as a leiomyoma on imaging studies.

  3. MicroRNAs as B-cell lymphoma biomarkers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manterola L

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Lorea Manterola,1 Marta Fernandez-Mercado,1 Erika Larrea,1 Ibai Goicoechea,1 María Arestin,1 María Armesto,1 Luiza Hernandez,1 Charles H Lawrie1,2,3 1Oncology Area, Biodonostia Research Institute, San Sebastián, Spain; 2Nuffield Department of Clinical Laboratory Sciences, University of Oxford, Oxford, UK; 3Ikerbasque, Basque Foundation for Science, Bilbao, Spain Abstract: B-cell lymphomas represent a group of more than 35 recognized mature B-cell neoplasms differentiated largely on the basis of immunohistochemical staining patterns that are often challenging to accurately diagnose. Despite having been only formally recognized just over 10 years ago, microRNAs (miRNAs have become one of the trendiest topics in biology. Dysregulation of miRNAs is a ubiquitous feature of cancer in general, including B-cell lymphomas. Many of the miRNAs aberrantly expressed in B-cell lymphomas also play a crucial regulatory role in normal hematopoietic function. MiRNAs show great potential as novel biomarkers of cancer, as they can differentiate cancers according to diagnosis and developmental stage, even discriminating between cancers that are poorly separated histologically. Furthermore, they can be robustly measured from routinely prepared formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded biopsy material and biological fluids such as blood. Here, we consider the identity, function, and biomarker potential of miRNAs in B-cell lymphomas and, most importantly, the hurdles that remain to be overcome if they are really to become part of future clinical practice. Keywords: microRNA, lymphoma, biomarker, B-cell 

  4. NK/T-cell lymphoma of bilateral adrenal glands in a patient with pyothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tsukahara Tomohide

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Primary lymphoma of adrenal glands is rare, and non-B-cell lymphoma associated with pyothorax is also very rare. Here we report the first autopsy case of non-B-cell lymphoma in bilateral adrenal glands of a 79-year-old woman with pyothorax who had an aggressive clinical course. Immunohistochemically, tumor cells showed CD3+, CD45RO+, CD5-, CD7-, CD4-, CD8-, CD10-, CD20-, CD30-, CD79a-, CD138-, CD56-, granzyme B-, TIA-1+ and ALK-. In addition, tumor cells were strongly EBER1-positive by in situ hybridization. In genomic DNA of tumor cells, T-cell receptor rearrangements were not detected by southern blotting. We finally diagnosed this case as extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma (nasal type. Virtual Slides The virtual slide(s for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/8050621197741854.

  5. Ptosis as an Initial Manifestation of Orbital Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Min-Wen Hsu

    2006-04-01

    Full Text Available Ptosis on its own is an infrequent initial manifestation of orbital lymphoma. Orbital lymphoma usually presents as a palpable mass with proptosis, diplopia, and conjunctival (“salmon-pink” swelling. We report here a 62-year-old female patient who presented with right eye ptosis. The initial imaging study showed an indistinct enlargement of the superior rectus-levator muscle complex. After 3-4 months, ptosis and upward gazing movement were further restricted. The imaging study revealed a definite soft-tissue mass in the superior orbit surrounding the superior rectus-levator muscle complex. A tumor biopsy through anterior orbitotomy revealed a large diffuse B-cell lymphoma. With the experience of this case, we suggest that orbital lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of ptosis accompanied by impairment of levator muscle function.

  6. A case of advanced second-degree atrioventricular block in a ferret secondary to lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. Menicagli

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available A female ferret was referred as an emergency for severe respiratory distress symptoms. At presentation, the patient was listlessness, dyspnoeic, and hyper-responsive. The clinical examination evidenced dyspnea with cyanosis, altered cardiac rhythm, and hepatomegaly. Electrocardiography showed an advanced second-degree atrioventricular (AV block. The liver aspirate was diagnostic for lymphoma. The patient did not respond to supportive therapy and rapidly died. Post-mortem exams confirmed the presence of lymphoma with hepatic involvement. Moreover, a pericardial lymphocytic infiltration and a widespread myocardial nodular localization of lymphoma were evidenced as well. This condition was probably the cause of the cardiac arrhythmia. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first report of cardiac lymphoma causing heart block in ferrets.

  7. A case of advanced second-degree atrioventricular block in a ferret secondary to lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Menicagli, F; Lanza, A; Sbrocca, F; Baldi, A; Spugnini, E P

    2016-01-01

    A female ferret was referred as an emergency for severe respiratory distress symptoms. At presentation, the patient was listlessness, dyspnoeic, and hyper-responsive. The clinical examination evidenced dyspnea with cyanosis, altered cardiac rhythm, and hepatomegaly. Electrocardiography showed an advanced second-degree atrioventricular (AV) block. The liver aspirate was diagnostic for lymphoma. The patient did not respond to supportive therapy and rapidly died. Post-mortem exams confirmed the presence of lymphoma with hepatic involvement. Moreover, a pericardial lymphocytic infiltration and a widespread myocardial nodular localization of lymphoma were evidenced as well. This condition was probably the cause of the cardiac arrhythmia. To the best of our knowledge, ours is the first report of cardiac lymphoma causing heart block in ferrets.

  8. Primary Cutaneous Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma in a Sporotrichoid Pattern: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewis, Daniel J; Vin, Harina; Hinojosa, Tiffany; Tetzlaff, Michael T; Dabaja, Bouthaina S; Duvic, Madeleine

    2017-07-01

    We present the extraordinary case of a 72-year-old man with a history of primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified (pcPTCL-NOS) previously controlled with topical agents who developed tumours in a sporotrichoid pattern. Culture of the tumours was negative, and histopathology showed findings consistent with recurrent pcPTCL. The tumours were successfully treated with localised radiation therapy. Sporotrichoid lesions are an extremely rare and atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma, with only 2 other cases reported in the literature. Our case reinforces the need to include cutaneous lymphoma in the differential diagnosis of nodules on the extremities spreading in a sporotrichoid pattern. Clinical recognition of this atypical presentation of cutaneous lymphoma allows for prompt, effective treatment, which might include localised radiation therapy.

  9. Familial Aggregation of Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL. A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Loves Sandra SCM

    2006-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract A family is reported in which three male siblings of Asian descent developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL. Case 1 was diagnosed with indolent follicular lymphoma stage IIIA at age 45. Case 2 presented with large B-cell lymphoma stage IIB at age 56. Chromosomal investigation of the peripheral blood did not show abnormalities. Chemotherapy induced a complete remission. However, after a period of nearly ten years he developed acute myeloid leukaemia. Case 3 developed large B-cell lymphoma stage IVA at age 52. Cytogenetic analysis in peripheral blood was normal. Shared genetic and environmental risk factors remain to be identified in this family. Familial aggregation of NHL is uncommon. In some families, various forms of immunodeficiency have been found. In addition to coincidental clustering of cases, and rare cases explained by known tumour syndromes such as Li-Fraumeni (like syndrome, other familial cases may share as yet unknown genetic and/or environmental risk factors.

  10. RNA-binding protein VICKZ is expressed in a germinal center associated pattern among lymphoma subtypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Natkunam, Y.; Vainer, G.; Zhao, S.C.

    2005-01-01

    and tumorigenesis/metastasis. We generated an antibody that recognizes all three isoforms of VICKZ protein and characterized its expression in normal lymphoid tissue and in lymphoma subtypes. In normal tonsils, VICKZ protein showed a germinal center-specific pattern of expression with staining localized...... cell lymphoma, anaplastic large cell lymphoma were positive (75%, 6/9). Additional work is in progress to correlate VICKZ protein expression with other germinal center markers such as HGAL, BCL6 and CD10 as well as with prognostic subclasses of DLBCL. The differential expression pattern of VICKZ...... protein in lymphoma subtypes suggests a potential utility for VICKZ in the identification of subgroups of DLBCL associated with different prognoses....

  11. Expression of T-follicular helper markers in sequential biopsies of progressive mycosis fungoides and other primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bosisio, Francesca M; Cerroni, Lorenzo

    2015-02-01

    T-follicular helper (Tfh) lymphocytes represent the neoplastic cells of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma and have been observed also in several cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCLs) and extracutaneous T-cell lymphomas, including peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, mycosis fungoides (MF), cutaneous CD4 small/medium T-cell lymphoma (CD4SMTCL), and Sezary syndrome. We studied a large number of different types of primary CTCL for expression of Tfh markers, including 36 biopsies from 21 patients with MF (with sequential biopsies from patch stage and tumor stage of 15 patients), 13 patients with CD4SMTCL, 9 with lymphomatoid papulosis, 11 with cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma (cALCL), 2 with cutaneous γ/δ T-cell lymphoma, 8 with subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, 3 with cutaneous aggressive epidermotropic CD8 cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma, 6 with cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified, and 1 with Sezary syndrome. Expression of at least 3 of 5 markers (PD-1, CXCL-13, ICOS, Bcl-6, and CD10) in >10% of tumor cells was observed in 33 biopsies (MF = 20; CD4SMTCL = 11; 1 each cutaneous anaplastic large cell lymphoma and subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma, respectively). Our study shows that a Tfh phenotype is very common in MF and CD4SMTCL but can be observed rarely also in other types of CTCL. Expression of Tfh markers should not be used for classification of any entity of CTCL and may only integrate other immunohistochemical stainings for a more accurate characterization of these disorders. Precise distinction of Tfh-positive CTCLs from secondary skin manifestations of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma cannot rest on demonstration of a Tfh phenotype alone and should be achieved by a synthesis of clinical, histological, and phenotypic features.

  12. Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria S. Khan MD, FACP

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Case Presentation. A 69-year-old Hispanic male, with a past history of diabetes and coronary disease, was admitted for fever, diarrhea, and confusion of 4 weeks duration. Physical examination showed a disoriented patient with multiple ecchymoses, possible ascites, and bilateral scrotal swelling. Hemoglobin was 6.7, prothrombin time (PT 21.4 seconds with international normalized ratio 2.1, partial thromboplastin time (PTT 55.6 seconds, fibrin split 10 µg/L, and lactate dehydrogenase (LDH 1231 IU/L. Except for a positive DNA test for Epstein–Barr virus (EBV infection, extensive diagnostic workup for infections, malignancy, or a neurological cause was negative. Mixing studies revealed a nonspecific inhibitor of PT and PTT but Factor VIII levels were normal. The patient was empirically treated with antibiotics but developed hypotension and died on day 27 of admission. At autopsy, patient was found to have intravascular diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving skin, testes, lung, and muscles. The malignant cells were positive for CD20, CD791, Mum-1, and Pax-5 and negative for CD3, CD5, CD10, CD30, and Bcl-6. The malignant cells were 100% positive for Ki-67. Discussion. Intravascular large cell B-cell lymphoma (IVLBCL is rare form of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and tends to proliferate within small blood vessels, particularly capillaries and postcapillary venules. The cause of its affinity for vascular bed remains unknown. In many reports, IVLBCL was associated with HIV, HHV8, and EBV infections. The fact that our case showed evidence of EBV infection lends support to the association of this diagnosis to viral illness. The available literature on this subject is scant, and in many cases, the diagnosis was made only at autopsy. The typical presentation of this disorder is with B symptoms, progressive neurologic deficits, and skin findings. Bone marrow, spleen, and liver are involved in a minority of patients. Nearly all patients have elevated LDH

  13. Plasma Epstein Barr virus (EBV) DNA as a biomarker for EBV associated Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dinand, Veronique; Sachdeva, Anupam; Datta, Sanghamitra; Bhalla, Sunita; Kalra, Manas; Wattal, Chand; Radhakrishnan, Nita

    2015-08-01

    To assess plasma Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) DNA as a biomarker of tumour burden at diagnosis and during therapy in children with Hodgkin lymphoma. Case-control study, with prospective follow-up of the Hodgkin lymphoma cohort (2007-2012). Pediatric Hematology Oncology unit of a tertiary care hospital in Delhi. Thirty children with Hodgkin lymphoma and 70 sex and age-matched controls (benign lymphadenopathy 19, non-lym-phoid malignancy 29, Burkitt lymphoma 5, healthy children 17). Positive EBV-staining on immunohistochemistry was defined as EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma. Plasma EBV real-time quantitative polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was tested at presentation, after first and last chemotherapy cycles, and on follow-up. Plasma EBV quantitative PCR was compared between cases and controls. Its kinetics was assessed during and after chemotherapy. EBV quantitative PCR was positive in 19 (63%) Hodgkin lymphoma cases (range 500 to 430,000 copies/mL), with 87.5% accuracy (kappa=0.69) as compared with EBV immunohistochemistry. Sensitivity and specificity of the quantitative PCR were 87.5% and 81.8%, respectively. Only boys showed positive EBV immunohistochemistry and,or quantitative PCR positivity. All controls were quantitative PCR negative. All quantitative PCR positive cases with follow up blood sample showed EBV clearance after the first cycle. A quantitative PCR negative case in long-term remission became positive at relapse. EBV status did not influence survival. Plasma EBV-DNA, detectable in EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma, becomes undetectable early after initiating therapy. It can be used as a biomarker of treatment response in EBV-associated Hodgkin lymphoma.

  14. “Double hit” follicular lymphoma with low proliferation index: A unique case and literature review

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardis Vafaii

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available “Double hit” lymphomas (DHLs are aggressive B-cell lymphomas with concurrent c-MYC and BCL2 and/or BCL6 gene rearrangements. DHLs are usually classified morphologically as B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL and Burkitt lymphoma, and less commonly as DLBCL. Follicular lymphoma (FL is characterized genetically by the presence of IGH-BCL2 rearrangement. A subset of DHLs arises from FL by the acquisition of c-MYC gene rearrangement during disease progression, but FL with concurrent IGH-BCL2 and c-MYC gene initial rearrangements is rarely reported. The few reported cases had different clinical courses, including some with indolent disease. We report a case of “double hit” low grade FL with both c-MYC and BCL2 gene rearrangements but at low proliferation rate. Unlike the usual DHLs with aggressive clinical course, our patient showed at least partial response to intense chemotherapy. Review of the literature shows a few similar cases with variable clinical course, including a few indolent cases. These patients appear to respond better with more intense chemotherapy for DHL.

  15. Reduction of Myeloid-derived Suppressor Cells and Lymphoma Growth by a Natural Triterpenoid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Radwan, Faisal F. Y.; Hossain, Azim; God, Jason M.; Leaphart, Nathan; Elvington, Michelle; Nagarkatti, Mitzi; Tomlinson, Stephen; Haque, Azizul

    2016-01-01

    Lymphoma is a potentially life threatening disease. The goal of this study was to investigate the therapeutic potential of a natural triterpenoid, Ganoderic acid A (GA-A) in controlling lymphoma growth both in vitro and in vivo. Here, we show that GA-A treatment induces caspase-dependent apoptotic cell death characterized by a dose-dependent increase in active caspases 9 and 3, up-regulation of pro-apoptotic BIM and BAX proteins, and a subsequent loss of mitochondrial membrane potential with release of cytochrome c. In addition to GA-A’s anti-growth activity, we show that lower doses of GA-A enhance HLA class II-mediated antigen presentation and CD4+ T cell recognition of lymphoma in vitro. The therapeutic relevance of GA-A treatment was also tested in vivo using the EL4 syngeneic mouse model of metastatic lymphoma. GA-A-treatment significantly prolonged survival of EL4 challenged mice and decreased tumor metastasis to the liver, an outcome accompanied by a marked down-regulation of STAT3 phosphorylation, reduction myeloid-derived suppressor cells (MDSCs), and enhancement of cytotoxic CD8+ T cells in the host. Thus, GA-A not only selectively induces apoptosis in lymphoma cells, but also enhances cell-mediated immune responses by attenuating MDSCs, and elevating Ag presentation and T cell recognition. The demonstrated therapeutic benefit indicates that GA-A is a candidate for future drug design for the treatment of lymphoma. PMID:25142864

  16. Rituximab and Interleukin-12 in Treating Patients With B-Cell Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-23

    Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

  17. Immunohistochemical prognostic indicators of lymphoma tumors ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lymphoma, or lymphatic cancer, is a broad term encompassing a variety of cancers of the lymphatic system. This prospective study was initiated to evaluate the expression of two potential biomarkers (p53 and Cyclin D1). Lymphoma tissues were obtained from 50 patients (Royal Medical Services 1990 - 1996), which were ...

  18. Primary Cranial Vault Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yoon, So Hee; Kim, Myung Soon; Kim, Young Ju [Dept. of Radiology, Yonsei University Wonju College of Medicine, Wonju Christian Hospital, Wonju (Korea, Republic of)

    2012-09-15

    Cranial vault involvement in primary lymphoma is extremely rare in immunocompetent subjects. However, it should be considered as a differential diagnosis in the presence of a lesion involving all three compartments of the cranial vault, including the scalp, skull, and pachymeninges. We report a case of primary cranial vault lymphoma involving all three compartments of the cranial vault in an immunocompetent patient.

  19. [A spontaneously resolving T-cell lymphoma].

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mutsaers, E.R.; Willemze, R.; Rossum, M.M. van

    2011-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Primary cutaneous CD30+ anaplastic large-cell lymphoma is a rare form of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is restricted to the skin. CASE DESCRIPTION: A 50-year-old man presented with an asymptomatic tumorous area in the groin that had appeared within the previous week, and a longer history

  20. Review Of Lymphoma Classification | Mayun | Highland Medical ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lymphoma have been broadly classified into two main categories; Hodkin disease (HD) and non- Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). Where as HD has had a fairly stable classification scheme over the years since Rye classification into being, NHL has had the most unstable classification schemes. First to come into being were Gall ...

  1. Parotid lymphomas - clinical and computed tomogrphic imaging ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Results. Ten patients with histologically proven lymphoma of the parotid gland were identified from among 121 patients with parotid neoplasms, an incidence in this series of 8.3%. All lymphomas were of non- Hodgkin's type. All patients presented with a painless unilateral parotid swelling. Most patients had a short history of ...

  2. lymphoma - histopathology in changing clinical perspective

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    small lymphocytic lymphomas. The marginal variant of the mucosal-associated lymphoid tumours was 6%, while for the mediastinal diffuse large B-cell and anaplastic large B-cell lymphomas it was 3% each, and for the mantle-cell tumours it was 1%. Twelve per cent of patients had other less frequently encountered forms of ...

  3. Soft tissue Burkitt's lymphoma: radiological findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-Barredo, R; Fernández Echevarría, M A; del Riego, M; Canga, A

    1998-01-01

    An unusual case is reported of a soft tissue mass in the lower extremity, without bone involvement, in an 85-year-old woman; the histopathological diagnosis was Burkitt's lymphoma. Pertinent clinical history, histological examination, and imaging procedures allowed early diagnosis. To our knowledge, the radiological findings in Burkitt's lymphoma with this unusual clinical presentation have not been described previously.

  4. Misdiagnosis of tuberculosis in patients with lymphoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Therefore, despite difficulties in diagnosing TB, patients must be monitored regularly following treatment initiation, for clinical improvement and adverse events. HIV has a strong association with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. (NHL), particularly aggressive B-cell lymphoma.4 HIV-positive patients are most susceptible when their ...

  5. PCR clonality detection in Hodgkin lymphoma.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hebeda, K.M.; Altena, M.C. van; Rombout, P.D.M.; Krieken, J.H.J.M. van; Groenen, P.J.T.A.

    2009-01-01

    B-cell clonality detection in whole tissue is considered indicative of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). We tested frozen tissue of 24 classical Hodgkin lymphomas (cHL) with a varying tumor cell load with the multiplex polymerase chain reaction (PCR) primer sets for IGH and IGK gene rearrangement

  6. Treatment of patients with transformed lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Montoto, Silvia

    2015-01-01

    Histologic transformation (HT) is a frequent event in the clinical course of patients with indolent lymphoma. Most of the available data in the literature comes from studies on transformation of follicular lymphoma (FL), as this is the most common indolent lymphoma; however, HT is also well documented following small lymphocytic lymphoma/chronic lymphocytic leukaemia (SLL/CLL), lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma (LPL), or marginal zone lymphoma (MZL), amongst other types of lymphoma, albeit most of the studies on transformation in these subtypes are case reports or short series. The outcome of patients with HT has traditionally been considered dismal with a median overall survival (OS) of around 1 year in most of the published studies. This prompted many authors to include stem cell transplant (SCT) as part of the treatment strategy for young and fit patients with HT. However, recent articles suggest that the outcome of patients with transformed lymphoma might be improving, questioning the need for such intensive therapies. The management of patients with HT is challenged by the heterogeneity of the population in terms of previous number and type of therapy lines and from their exclusion from prospective clinical trials. This review will examine whether the advent of new therapies has impacted on the prognosis of HT and on current treatment strategies. © 2015 by The American Society of Hematology. All rights reserved.

  7. Analysis of imaging findings and clinical abnormalities in patients with lymphoma; Analise de achados de imagem e alteracoes clinicas em pacientes com linfoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldas, Flavio Augusto Ataliba; Montomiya, Carolina Tsumori [Faculdade de Medicina de Marilia, SP (Brazil)]. E-mail: flavio_caldas@hotmail.com; Silva, Helena Cristina da [Faculdade de Medicina de Marilia, SP (Brazil). Hospital de Clinicas

    2002-04-01

    Computed tomography is currently the method of choice for the diagnostic and staging of lymphomas. Computed tomography enables accurate measurements of both tumor extent and volume and provides information that can be used to plan an appropriate strategy for the treatment. The purpose of the present article is to describe and analyze the chest and abdomen computed tomography and ultrasound findings in HIV-negative patients with lymphoma. Clinical abnormalities, such as the reason the patient sought medical assistance already showing evidence of lymphocytic disease (not yet diagnosed at this point) and the physical examination abnormalities seen on the first consultation were also studied. This study comprised 30 patients: 40% with non-Hodgkin lymphoma, 46,6% with Hodgkin lymphoma, 10% with Burkitt's lymphoma and 3,3% with lymphoblastic lymphoma. (author)

  8. A case of anaplastic lymphoma kinase-positive renal cell carcinoma coincident with Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oyama, Yuzo; Nishida, Haruto; Kusaba, Takahiro; Kadowaki, Hiroko; Arakane, Motoki; Daa, Tsutomu; Watanabe, Dai; Akita, Yasuyuki; Sato, Fuminori; Mimata, Hiromitsu; Yokoyama, Shigeo

    2017-12-01

    We report a case of ALK-positive renal cell carcinoma coincident with Hodgkin lymphoma. The patient was a 19 year-old-girl without sickle cell trait. The right renal tumor was discovered concomitantly with Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). After chemotherapy for HL, right nephrectomy was performed. Microscopically, the tumor showed a solid and focally pseudo-papillary growth pattern studded with tubular structures. Most tumor cells were small bland eosinophilic cells, but rhabdoid cells, vacuolated cells, pleomorphic multinucleated giant cells were also admixed. The variety of growth patterns and cell features led us to speculate a possibility of ALK-positive renal cell carcinoma (ALK + RCC). ALK was immunohistochemically positive, and fluorescence in situ hybridization analysis detected a split signal of the ALK gene. We examined previously reported partner genes (STRN, TPM3, VCL and EML4) by RT-PCR, but fusion gene was not detected. RCC showing solid or cribriform growth patterns with vacuolated cells with intracytoplamic lumina, rhabdoid cells, and mucus production indicates the possibility of ALK + RCC. © 2017 Japanese Society of Pathology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  9. A Case of Primary Ileocecal Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wulyo Rajabto

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Primary lymphoma in gastrointestinal tract is not very common. Ileocecal region is the commonest site for primary lymphoma and diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most prevalent subtype. The clinical presentation in this condition is pain in right lower quadrant region and this can very confusing since many diseases can also cause this problem like infection and inflammatory disease. In this paper, we report a case of primary lymphoma subtype DLBCL in ileocecal region that come to emergency department with ileus obstruction. Abdominal computerized tomography (CT scan and colonoscopy revealed tumour in ileocecal region ascendens colon. Hemicolectomy was performed and the specimen was sent to pathology which revealed Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma with subtype DLBCL CD20 (+. The patient had undergone of Rituximab, Cyclophosphamide, Doxorubicine, Vincristin, and Prednison (RCHOP chemotherapy regimen and had complete remission.

  10. Salvia Hispanica Seed in Reducing Risk of Disease Recurrence in Patients With Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-05

    Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Adult T-Cell Leukemia/Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-Cell Lymphoma; B Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Blastic Plasmacytoid Dendritic Cell Neoplasm; Burkitt Leukemia; Central Nervous System Lymphoma; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Enteropathy-Associated T-Cell Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma of Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue; Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Mycosis Fungoides; Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-Cell Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Peripheral T-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; Post-Transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Primary Cutaneous Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Sezary Syndrome; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Subcutaneous Panniculitis-Like T-Cell Lymphoma; Systemic Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; T Lymphoblastic Leukemia/Lymphoma; Transformed Recurrent Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

  11. Quality of life before autologous stem cells transplantation as prognostic factor in patients with malignant lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. L. Shevchenko

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Currently high-doses chemotherapy (HD-PCT + autologous hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (auto-HSCT is the treatment ofchoice in patients with recurrent and progressive lymphomas. Most of quality of life (QoL studies in lymphomas patients received HSCT limited on parameters dynamics assessment in the early and late post-transplant period. Aim of this study was to evaluate the QoL parameters and their prognostic significance in lymphoma patients before transplantation. 124 patients with lymphomas (non-Hodgkin lymphomas – 45 patients, Hodgkin's lymphoma – 79 patients who received HD-PCT + auto-HSCT were included in the study: men – 42.7 % (n = 53, women – 57.3 % (n = 71, median age – 34 years (19–65 years. Patients’ heterogeneity before transplantation regarding quality of life has been revealed. Almost 1/3 of patients showed a significant reduction in the integral index of QoL. Insignificant differences between patients with chemosensitivity and chemoresistant lymphomas regarding QoL before HD-PCT + auto-HSCT were shown. We also analyzed the outcomes of studied patients received HD-PCT + auto-HSCT. With a median follow-up of 18 months, overall survival after transplantation was 72 % (95 % CI 56–84; event-free survival – 64 % (95 % CI 53,3–73,2.Overall and event-free survivals were significantly higher in patients with chemosensitive lymphoma compared with chemoresistance tumor. Differences in the survival rates between patients with no or negligible decrease of QoL integral index and with significant reduction of it also were found. Revealed differences in overall and event-free survival between the groups allowed the first group considered as patients with a favorable prognosis, and the second group – as patients with poor prognosis regarding the transplantation outcome.

  12. Quality of life before autologous stem cells transplantation as prognostic factor in patients with malignant lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yu. L. Shevchenko

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available Currently high-doses chemotherapy (HD-PCT + autologous hematopoietic stem cells transplantation (auto-HSCT is the treatment ofchoice in patients with recurrent and progressive lymphomas. Most of quality of life (QoL studies in lymphomas patients received HSCT limited on parameters dynamics assessment in the early and late post-transplant period. Aim of this study was to evaluate the QoL parameters and their prognostic significance in lymphoma patients before transplantation. 124 patients with lymphomas (non-Hodgkin lymphomas – 45 patients, Hodgkin's lymphoma – 79 patients who received HD-PCT + auto-HSCT were included in the study: men – 42.7 % (n = 53, women – 57.3 % (n = 71, median age – 34 years (19–65 years. Patients’ heterogeneity before transplantation regarding quality of life has been revealed. Almost 1/3 of patients showed a significant reduction in the integral index of QoL. Insignificant differences between patients with chemosensitivity and chemoresistant lymphomas regarding QoL before HD-PCT + auto-HSCT were shown. We also analyzed the outcomes of studied patients received HD-PCT + auto-HSCT. With a median follow-up of 18 months, overall survival after transplantation was 72 % (95 % CI 56–84; event-free survival – 64 % (95 % CI 53,3–73,2.Overall and event-free survivals were significantly higher in patients with chemosensitive lymphoma compared with chemoresistance tumor. Differences in the survival rates between patients with no or negligible decrease of QoL integral index and with significant reduction of it also were found. Revealed differences in overall and event-free survival between the groups allowed the first group considered as patients with a favorable prognosis, and the second group – as patients with poor prognosis regarding the transplantation outcome.

  13. Epigenetic Heterogeneity of B-Cell Lymphoma: DNA Methylation, Gene Expression and Chromatin States

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    Lydia Hopp

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Mature B-cell lymphoma is a clinically and biologically highly diverse disease. Its diagnosis and prognosis is a challenge due to its molecular heterogeneity and diverse regimes of biological dysfunctions, which are partly driven by epigenetic mechanisms. We here present an integrative analysis of DNA methylation and gene expression data of several lymphoma subtypes. Our study confirms previous results about the role of stemness genes during development and maturation of B-cells and their dysfunction in lymphoma locking in more proliferative or immune-reactive states referring to B-cell functionalities in the dark and light zone of the germinal center and also in plasma cells. These dysfunctions are governed by widespread epigenetic effects altering the promoter methylation of the involved genes, their activity status as moderated by histone modifications and also by chromatin remodeling. We identified four groups of genes showing characteristic expression and methylation signatures among Burkitt’s lymphoma, diffuse large B cell lymphoma, follicular lymphoma and multiple myeloma. These signatures are associated with epigenetic effects such as remodeling from transcriptionally inactive into active chromatin states, differential promoter methylation and the enrichment of targets of transcription factors such as EZH2 and SUZ12.

  14. A Case Report of Neurosarcoidosis Presenting as a Lymphoma Mimic

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    Gurcharanjeet Kaur

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Objective. To describe a unique presentation of neurosarcoidosis. Background. Central nervous system involvement is rare in sarcoidosis. Sarcoidosis can be severe and can be mistaken for systemic lymphoma. Case Description. A 55-year-old right-handed white male with past medical history of obstructive sleep apnea, Raynaud’s disease, and Hashimoto’s thyroiditis was noted to have cognitive decline over a duration of few weeks and 20 lb weight loss. His neurologic exam (including cranial nerves was normal except for five-minute recall. Head CT revealed a lacrimal gland mass, confirmed on brain MRI, which was suspicious for lymphoma on brain PET/MRI. Subsequent whole-body FDG PET/CT scan showed multiple enlarged lymph nodes. Bone marrow biopsy was negative. Serum and CSF ACE levels were within normal limits. Supraclavicular lymph node biopsy before steroids therapy was initiated and revealed multiple noncaseating granulomas, diagnostic of “sarcoidosis.” He was treated with daily prednisone for two months, followed by weekly infliximab. Brain MRI two months after treatment with prednisone showed decrease in size of lacrimal lesion, and brain PET/MRI showed normal brain metabolism pattern after five months. Neurocognitive evaluation three months after diagnosis demonstrated improvements in memory abilities. Discussion. Both clinically and radiographically, neurosarcoidosis can mimic systemic lymphoma. Biopsy in these types of cases is necessary to establish the diagnosis.

  15. Anaplastic large cell lymphoma: A great mimic on cytology

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    Mona A Agnihotri

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL is a T-cell lymphoma, accounting for <5% of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Cutaneous involvement can be primary or secondary arising in systemic ALCL. The diagnostic feature in both is the presence of pleomorphic, CD30 positive hallmark cells. We present a case of ALCL in a 19-year-old male presenting as an ulcerated scalp swelling. Clinical impression was actinomycosis or scrofuloderma. Cytology smears showed large dispersed pleomorphic cells with hyperlobated nuclei and multinucleated giant cells. The differentials considered were ALCL, rhabdomyosarcoma, and poorly differentiated carcinoma. Immunocytochemistry (ICC showed positivity for leukocyte common antigen (LCA and CD30 while negativity for desmin, favoring ALCL. Computed tomography (CT showed a lytic paravertebral lesion. Subsequently, both paraspinal and scalp lesions were biopsied and immunochemistry confirmed the diagnosis of ALCL. Thus, cutaneous involvement in ALCL can resemble inflammatory and other neoplastic lesions clinically and cytologically. Hence, a high index of suspicion and ICC can aid in the correct diagnosis on fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC.

  16. B-Lymphoblastic Lymphomas Evolving from Follicular Lymphomas Co-Express Surrogate Light Chains and Mutated Gamma Heavy Chains

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Slot, L.M.; Hoogeboom, R.; Smit, L.A.; Wormhoudt, T.A.M.; Biemond, B.J.; Oud, M.E.C.M.; Schilder-Tol, E.J.M.; Mulder, A.B.; Jongejan, A.; van Kampen, A.H.C.; Kluin, P.M.; Guikema, J.E.J.; Bende, R.J.; van Noesel, C.J.M.

    2016-01-01

    Follicular lymphoma (FL) is an indolent B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma able to transform into germinal center-type diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. We describe four extraordinary cases of FL, which progressed to TdT+CD20- precursor B-lymphoblastic lymphoma (B-LBL). Fluorescence in situ hybridization

  17. Primary intraocular lymphoma: improving the diagnostic procedure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karma, Anni; von Willebrand, Eva O; Tommila, Petri V; Paetau, Anders E; Oskala, Pertti S; Immonen, Ilkka J

    2007-07-01

    To analyze the clinical features of primary intraocular lymphoma (PIOL) and to describe cytochemical and immunocytochemical findings of the vitreous specimens as well as the reasons for delayed diagnosis of PIOL. Prospective noncomparative study. Eleven patients referred to the uveitis or medical retina units, Department of Ophthalmology, University of Helsinki, were diagnosed as having PIOL between 2000 and 2005. The median follow-up of the patients was 32 months. Clinical features and diagnostic workup of uveitis were described. Twelve vitrectomies were performed on 9 patients. The first 5 biopsies were fixed in an equal volume of 50% alcohol. The specimens of the next 7 vitrectomies were handled without alcohol, and tissue culture medium was added to the samples. Clinical features of PIOL, intervals from ocular symptoms and from first ophthalmological examination to diagnosis, and the role of a proper handling of the vitreous sample in the diagnosis of PIOL. Six females (54%) and 5 males (46%) (median age, 61 years) were included. Ten patients had ocular symptoms for 1 to 30 months (median, 8) before the first contact with an ophthalmologist. Uveitis was bilateral in 9 patients. Vitreitis was seen in all patients, and it was severe in 8. Fundus lesions dominated in 3 patients. Six patients lost useful vision in one eye before the diagnosis of PIOL. Cytologic and immunohistochemical stainings prepared of the unfixed vitreous specimens showed PIOL in 6 patients. The samples fixed in alcohol were nondiagnostic in 4 patients, and in them, verification of diagnosis was based on brain biopsy (3) or cerebrospinal fluid (1) findings. Seven patients died due to primary nervous system lymphoma. Diagnosis of PIOL is difficult but can be improved. Severe bilateral vitreitis in an elderly patient is a characteristic finding of PIOL. Alcohol fixation may jeopardize the identification of PIOL cells in the vitreous sample. Optimal handling of the vitreous specimens and

  18. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma arising from the kidney

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niwa, Naoya; Tanaka, Nobuyuki; Horinaga, Minoru; Hongo, Hiroshi; Ito, Yujiro; Watanabe, Takuro; Masuda, Takeshi

    2014-01-01

    Primary renal lymphoma is rare, and most are intermediate- and high-grade lymphomas of B-cell lineage, such as diffuse large B-cell or Burkitt lymphoma. We report a case of low-grade B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) arising from the kidney. Only a few cases of primary renal MALT lymphoma have been published. PMID:24554980

  19. Anthropometrics and Prognosis in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendtsen, Mette Dahl; Munksgaard, Peter Svenssen; Severinsen, Marianne Tang

    2017-01-01

    OBJECTIVE: The impact of body mass index (BMI) and body surface area (BSA) on survival in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) is controversial. Recent studies show superior outcomes for overweight and obese patients. PATIENTS AND METHODS: A total of 653 R-CHOP(-like)-treated DLBCL patients were...... included in this retrospective cohort study. Patients, baseline clinicopathologic characteristics and treatment information were retrieved from the Danish Lymphoma Registry. Anthropometric measures were obtained from chemotherapy prescription charts. RESULTS: Underweight (BMI ... = 0.037, for women). In multivariate analyses, however, these associations diminished. CONCLUSIONS: Our study demonstrates that underweight DLBCL patients have worse outcomes following R-CHOP as compared to normal as well as overweight patients....

  20. Expression of activating NK-cell receptors is a hallmark of the innate-like T-cell neoplasm in peripheral T-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uemura, Yu; Isobe, Yasushi; Uchida, Akiko; Asano, Junko; Nishio, Yuji; Sakai, Hirotaka; Hoshikawa, Masahiro; Takagi, Masayuki; Nakamura, Naoya; Miura, Ikuo

    2018-01-24

    Peripheral T- or NK-cell lymphomas are rare and difficult-to-recognize diseases. It remains arduous to distinguish between NK cell- and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-derived lymphomas through routine histologic evaluation. To clarify the cells of origin, we focused on NK-cell receptors and examined the expression using immunohistochemistry in 22 cases with T- and NK-cell neoplasms comprising of angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma, ALK-positive and -negative anaplastic large cell lymphomas, extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type, monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma, aggressive NK-cell leukemia, and other peripheral T-cell lymphomas. Inhibitory receptor LILRB1 was detected in 14 (64%) cases, whereas activating receptors DNAM1, NKp46, and NKG2D were expressed in seven (32%), nine (41%), and five (23%) cases, respectively. Although LILRB1 was detected regardless of the disease entities, the activating NK-cell receptors were expressed predominantly in TIA-1-positive neoplasms (DNAM1, 49%; NKp46, 69%; and NKG2D, 38%, respectively). In addition, NKp46 and NKG2D were detected only in NK-cell neoplasms and cytotoxic T lymphocyte-derived lymphomas including monomorphic epitheliotropic intestinal T-cell lymphoma. One Epstein Barr virus-harboring cytotoxic T lymphocyte-derived lymphoma mimicking extranodal NK/T-cell lymphoma, nasal type lacked these NK-cell receptors, indicating the different cell of origin from NK and innate-like T cells. Furthermore, NKG2D expression showed a negative impact on survival among the examined 22 cases, which mainly received the standard chemotherapy regimen (log-rank test, P =0.024). We propose that the presence of the activating NK-cell receptors may provide new insights into the understanding of peripheral T-cell lymphomas and characterizes them as the innate-like T-cell neoplasm. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.

  1. EBV AND HIV-RELATED LYMPHOMA

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    Michele Bibas

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available HIV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders represent a heterogeneous group of diseases, arising in the presence of HIV-associated immunodeficiency. The overall prevalence of HIV-associated lymphoma is significantly higher compared to that of the general population and it continues to be relevant even after the wide availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART (1. Moreover, they still represent one of the most frequent cause of death in HIV-infected patients. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV, a γ-Herpesviruses, is involved in human lymphomagenesis, particularly in HIV immunocompromised patients. It has been largely implicated in the development of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders as Burkitt lymphoma (BL, Hodgkin disease (HD, systemic non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL, primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NC. Virus-associated lymphomas are becoming of significant concern for the mortality of long-lived HIV immunocompromised patients, and therefore, research of advanced strategies for AIDS-related lymphomas is an important field in cancer chemotherapy. Detailed understanding of the EBV  lifecycle and related cancers at the molecular level is required for novel strategies of molecular-targeted cancer chemotherapy The linkage of HIV-related lymphoma with EBV infection of the tumor clone has several pathogenetic, prognostic and possibly therapeutic implications which are reviewed herein

  2. Prognostic significance of metallothionein in B-cell lymphomas

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poulsen, Christian Bjørn; Borup, Rehannah; Borregaard, Niels

    2006-01-01

    We have investigated metallothionein (MT) I and II mRNA and protein in B-cell lymphomas with particular reference to diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). The mRNA profiling was performed on Affymetrix arrays and showed up-regulated MT mRNA in 15 of 48 DLBCLs, including 12 of 23 activated B......-cell (ABC) and 3 of 9 type-3 lesions. In contrast, MT mRNA was low to undetectable in 16 germinal center B-cell (GCB)-type DLBCLs. Only 1 of 15 patients with up-regulated MT mRNA achieved a sustained remission, suggesting that up-regulated MT mRNA constitutes a significant risk factor for treatment failure....... This was confirmed in 2 independent series, which showed significantly shorter 5-year survival in DLBCL with high versus low MT-IIa levels. By immunohistology, MT was shown to be present in both macrophages and lymphoma cells. The proportion of MT-positive macrophages did not correlate with the survival. In contrast...

  3. Double-hit primary unilateral adrenal lymphoma with good outcome

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marković Olivera

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Primary adrenal non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL is a rare neoplasm with poor prognosis. On the other side, double-hit lymphomas with BCL2 and MYC translocation are characterized by advanced disease stage, extranodal and central nervous system involvements at presentation or disease progression. Case report. We reported a 73-year-old male patient with double-hit primary adrenal lymphoma and preserved adrenal function, showing a favorable clinical course. Computed tomography of abdomen showed a 9 7 cm mass of the left adrenal gland. Laparatomy with left adrenalectomy was done and histological examination revealed diagnosis of a diffuse large B-cell NHL (DLBCL, non-GCB subtype. The patient was treated with 6 cycles of R-CHOP chemotherapy with reduced doses of doxorubicin because of the decreased left verticle ejection fraction. The patient was followed up regularly for 20 months with no evidence of tumor recurrence despite the inherently poor prognostic profile and double-hit phenotype of the disease. Conclusion. R-CHOP chemotherapy in combination with adrenalectomy can be an effective first-line regimen for primary adrenal DLBCL, despite the inherently poor prognostic profile (non-GCB subtype, bulky disease, elevated lactate dehydrogenase and double-hit phenotype of the disease.

  4. Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma of the Esophagus Coexistent with Bronchus-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma of the Lung

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Myeong-Jin; Kie, Jeong-Hae; Kim, Ki Whang

    2005-01-01

    Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma very rarely involves the esophagus, occurring in less than 1% of patients with gastrointestinal lymphoma. A few cases of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma of the esophagus have been reported in the English literature. To our knowledge, there has been no report of MALT lymphoma of the esophagus coexistent with bronchus-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma (BALT) of the lung. This report details the radiological and clinical findings of this first concurrent case. PMID:16127783

  5. Allogeneic stem cell transplantation in patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma - a case series of the ADF working group "cutaneous lymphomas".

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moritz, Rose K C; Ditschkowski, Markus; Klemke, Claus-Detlev; Terras, Sarah; Schlaak, Max; Knorr, Martin; Theurich, Sebastian; Hegenbart, Ute; Kremens, Bernhard; Beelen, Dietrich W; Stücker, Markus; Kreuter, Alexander

    2014-01-01

    Allogeneic stem cell transplantation (alloSCT) is a treatment option for primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas that may induce long-lasting complete remissions. Little information is available on safety and efficacy. We retrospectively reviewed the data from patients with primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma treated in the Departments of Dermatology of the Universities of Bochum, Mannheim and Cologne who received subsequent alloSCT between 2005 and 2012. Nine patients with aggressive primary cutaneous T-cell-lymphoma received alloSCT. With a follow-up of 14 to 36 months after transplantation, 4 patients are alive and in complete remission. Two patients had recurrent disease post-transplantation, which was successfully treated with donor lymphocyte infusions. Non-relapse mortality was observed in three patients in advanced disease stages within six months after alloSCT. One patient showed only partial remission and died of disease after 32 months and one patient died 26 months after alloSCT with cause of death unknown. This report documents the possible benefit of a graft-versus-lymphoma effect in primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma, as has been observed for other T-cell malignancies and emphasizes that alloSCT warrants further studies in this setting. © 2014 Deutsche Dermatologische Gesellschaft (DDG). Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  6. Primary multifocal osseous lymphoma in a child

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    Sato, Takashi S.P. [University of Iowa, Carver College of Medicine, Iowa City, IA (United States); Ferguson, Polly J. [University of Iowa, Department of Pediatrics, Iowa City, IA (United States); Khanna, Geetika [Washington University, Mallinckrodt Institute of Radiology, St Louis, MO (United States)

    2008-12-15

    We report a case of primary multifocal osseous lymphoma in a 6-year-old girl presenting with multifocal osteolytic lesions without systemic symptoms or identifiable non-osseous primary tumor. The differential diagnoses for such a presentation include histiocytosis X, chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis, acute lymphoblastic leukemia, metastatic disease, and primary bone lymphoma. Although non-Hodgkin lymphoma is common in the pediatric population, its presentation as a primary bone tumor, especially with multifocal disease, is extremely rare and is frequently misdiagnosed. We hope that awareness of this entity will help radiologists achieve timely diagnosis and intervention. (orig.)

  7. Pulmonary Manifestations of Lymphoma and Leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bashoura, Lara; Eapen, George A; Faiz, Saadia A

    2017-06-01

    Pulmonary manifestations of lymphoma and leukemia may involve multiple structures within the thoracic cavity. Malignant lymphoma typically originates in lymph nodes, but concomitant or primary presentations with parenchymal, pleural, or tracheobronchial disease may occur. Once infection is excluded, leukemic infiltrates may be related to malignancy, hemorrhage, or secondary pulmonary alveolar proteinosis. Confirmation with cytology or flow cytometry is recommended to diagnose malignant pleural effusions in hematologic malignancies. In chronic leukemia with progressive pulmonary findings, exclusion of a synchronous malignancy or Richter syndrome should be performed. Venous thromboembolism may present in patients with leukemia and lymphoma despite the presence of thrombocytopenia. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Primary lymphocytic lymphoma of lacrimal gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Romero-Caballero, M D; Lozano-García, I; Gómez-Molina, C; Gil-Liñán, A I; Arcas, I

    2017-02-01

    We report a case of primary small-cell lymphocytic lacrimal gland lymphoma in a male diagnosed with primary antiphospholipid syndrome. These rare lymphomas are usually presented in the clinic as disseminations secondary to chronic lymphocytic leukaemia, and the primary site is rare in the orbit. Non-Hodgkin lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of tumours. Although treatment in the IE stage is usually radiotherapy, due to its association with antiphospholipid syndrome, systemic treatment with rituximab was administered. Copyright © 2016 Sociedad Española de Oftalmología. Publicado por Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  9. Paranasal sinus lymphoma: Retrospective review with focus on clinical features, histopathology, prognosis, and relationship to systemic lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wajda, Brynn N; Rabinowitz, Mindy R; Nyquist, Gurston G; Mardekian, Stacey K; Rosen, Marc R; Rabinowitz, Michael P

    2017-06-01

    Paranasal sinus lymphoma is a rare clinical entity. We conducted a retrospective case series of 68 patients with biopsy-confirmed paranasal sinus lymphoma with attention on systemic disease association. Of 63 patients with paranasal sinus lymphoma, 35 (56%) had systemic involvement. Four patient groups were identified: (1) primary paranasal sinus lymphoma (44%); (2) systemic disease occurring concurrently with paranasal sinus lymphoma (25%); (3) paranasal sinus lymphoma with relapse of preexisting systemic lymphoma (22%); and (4) progression to systemic disease after primary paranasal sinus lymphoma (8%). Most of the patients with systemic disease were diagnosed at 50 + years and had positive smoking histories. There was a trend toward disease activity in the neighboring ocular location. For patients with preexisting systemic lymphoma, the mean time to paranasal sinus lymphoma was 65 months. When systemic lymphoma developed after localized paranasal sinus lymphoma, mean time to progression was 23 months. Diffuse large B cell lymphoma was the most common paranasal sinus lymphoma. There is a risk of systemic involvement during the disease course of paranasal sinus lymphoma. Biopsy is the preferred first management step and should precede debulking or mass resection in nonemergent cases. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. Head Neck 39: 1065-1070, 2017. © 2017 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  10. [Clinical Manifestations, Imaging Features and Pathological Diagnosis of Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Hai-Li; Zhang, Zhong-Mian

    2018-02-01

    To analyze the clinical manifestations, imaging features and pathological diagnosis of patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma. The clinical data of 50 patients with primary central nervous system lymphoma admitted in our hospital from February 2016 to February 2008 were retrospectively analyzed. All the patients were examined by routine pathology and immunohistochemical staining. Among them 15 cases were examined by MVD and VEGF, and the other 15 glioma patients were taken as control group. In 50 patients, the disease was chronic, and the main clinical symptoms were numbness, cognitive disorder and disorder of consciousnessetc. Brain CT image of 33 cases (66%) mainly showed slightly higher density; 46 cases (92%) had head enhanced MRI lesions; 38 cases (76%) showed intracranial multiple lesions, 36 cases (72%) showed invasion of supratentorial, and 11 cases showed midline invasion (22%). Pathological diagnosis confirmed 47 cases (94%) with diffuse large B cell lymphoma, the proliferation index of the Ki-67(90%) in 41 case (82%) was higher. Primary central nervous system lymphoma is manifested with diffuse large B cell lymphoma as its main type, or with complicated clinical manifestations, lacks of features and certain imaging characteristics, but a few patients are easily pathologically misdiagnosed, therefore the biopsy is necessary for diagnosis of these patients.

  11. Gastrointestinal lymphomas in a North American population: clinicopathologic features from one major Central-Midwestern United States tertiary care medical center

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Warrick Joshua

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Gastrointestinal (GI lymphomas are very common types of extranodal lymphomas, and we hypothesize there are regional differences in subtype, distribution in the GI tract, and epidemiological features among the different populations. Methods We retrospectively evaluated the clinical, molecular and histologic features of North American primary and secondary GI lymphomas diagnosed from 2000–2009 seen at our institution. We utilized immunohistochemistry and fluorescence in situ hybridization to further evaluate a subset of the gastric lymphomas. Results Extranodal marginal zone lymphomas of mucosal associated lymphoid tissue (MALTs and diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCLs were the most common subtypes of GI lymphomas. Select gastric DLBCLs (N = 6 and MALTs (N = 13 were further examined for API2-MALT1 and IGH translocations, and P16 and P53 protein expression. Gastric MALTs showed frequent API2-MALT1 (38% but not IGH translocations (0%, and the DLBCLs showed neither translocation. Expression of P16 and P53 proteins and the proliferative index were compared between high grade gastric lymphomas (gastric DLBCLs and low grade gastric lymphomas (gastric MALTs. P53 overexpression (P = 0.008 and a high proliferation index [Ki-67] (P = 0.00042 were significantly associated with gastric DLBCL, but no statistically significant difference was observed in P16 expression (p = 0.108 between gastric DLBCL and gastric MALT. Conclusion Our study revealed that GI lymphomas from a Central-Midwestern North American population showed differences and similarities to non-North American cohorts. In addition, API2-MALT1, P16 and P53 abnormalities occurred frequently in gastric lymphomas from this North American population. Virtual slides The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1415505838687793

  12. Primary Gastrointestinal Lymphoma: A Retrospective Multicenter Clinical Study of 415 Cases in Chinese Province of Guangdong and a Systematic Review Containing 5075 Chinese Patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Yinting; Chen, Yanzhu; Chen, Shaojie; Wu, Lili; Xu, Lishu; Lian, Guoda; Yang, Kege; Li, Yaqing; Zeng, Linjuan; Huang, Kaihong

    2015-11-01

    Primary gastrointestinal lymphoma (PGIL) is a rare malignant tumor without standard diagnosis and treatment methods. This study is aimed to systematically analyze its clinical characteristics and draw out an appropriate flow chart of diagnosis and treatment process for PGIL in China.This study retrospectively analyzed the clinicopathological characteristics, diagnostic approaches, prognostic factors, and therapeutic modalities in 415 cases of PGIL in Chinese province of Guangdong. A systematic review was conducted in 118 studies containing 5075 patients to further identify clinical manifestations and mortalities of therapeutic modalities.The most common clinical presentations were abdominal pain and bloody stools. Endoscopic biopsy was an important diagnostic means, and usually more than once to make a definite diagnosis. Retrospective multicenter clinical study showed that younger onset age (operation were significant prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; non-B symptom, tumor restricted to gastric or ileocecal region, one lesion, performance status (PS ≤1), normal LDH, and nonsurgery alone were significant prognostic factors for T-cell lymphoma. Site of origin and IPI were independent prognostic factors for B-cell lymphoma; PS was the independent prognostic factor for T-cell lymphoma. And T-cell lymphoma had worse overall survival (OS) and progression-free survival (PFS) than B-cell lymphoma. Among different therapeutic modalities, chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery showed better OS and PFS than surgery alone for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. For DLBCL of stage III E/IV and mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma, OS and PFS did not differ among different therapeutic groups. In meta-analysis, surgery plus chemotherapy showed lowest mortality.Chemotherapy alone or combined with surgery may be the first-line treatment for DLBCL of stage I/II E and T-cell lymphoma. A flow chart of diagnosis and treatment

  13. Does categorisation of lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization classification predict clinical outcome in cats?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wolfesberger, Birgitt; Skor, Ondrej; Hammer, Sabine E; Flickinger, Irene; Kleiter, Miriam; Rütgen, Barbara C; Schwendenwein, Ilse; Tichy, Alexander; Hittmair, Katharina M; Degasperi, Brigitte; Fuchs-Baumgartinger, Andrea

    2017-08-01

    Objectives The purpose of this study was to specify lymphoma subtypes according to the World Health Organization (WHO) classification in a group of cats and to investigate their potential prognostic value. Methods Records of cats from the University of Veterinary Medicine Vienna suffering from lymphoma were reviewed in this retrospective study. To diagnose various subtypes specified in the WHO classification, histopathological and immunohistochemical examinations, as well as clonality assays in some cases, were performed. Results Of the 30 cats included in this study and classified according to the WHO guidelines, peripheral T-cell lymphoma was the most prevalent lymphoma subtype (37% of cases; n = 11), followed by diffuse large B-cell (23%; n = 7), intestinal T-cell (10%; n = 3), T-cell-rich B-cell (10%; n = 3), large granular lymphocytic (7%; n = 2), anaplastic large T-cell (7%; n = 2), B-cell small lymphocytic (3%; n = 1) and T-cell angiotropic lymphoma (3%; n = 1). The median survival time (MST) was 5.4 months (range 6 days to 2.2 years), with two cats still alive after 1.7 and 2.0 years, respectively. Treating cats prior to chemotherapy with glucocorticoids did not worsen their prognosis. Adding to chemotherapy, radiotherapy or surgery did not improve the clinical outcome. We observed that patients with intestinal T-cell lymphoma lived significantly longer (MST 1.7 years) than those with a diffuse large B-cell (MST 4.5 months) or peripheral T-cell lymphoma (MST 6.1 months). Cats with T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma survived significantly longer (MST 1.2 years) than those with a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Conclusions and relevance A detailed diagnosis of feline lymphoma can be obtained by allocating different subtypes according to the WHO classification. From the eight detected lymphoma subtypes, two, intestinal T-cell lymphoma and T-cell-rich B-cell lymphoma, showed promising survival times in cats.

  14. Site-specific expression of Polycomb-group genes encoding the HPC-HPH complex in clinically defined primary nodal and cutaneous large B cells lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raaphorst, F.M.; Vermeer, M.; Fieret, E.; Blokzijl, T.; Dukers, N.H.T.M.; Sewalt, R.G.A.B.; Otte, A.P.; Willemze, R.; Meijer, C.J.L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Polycomb-group (PcG) genes preserve cell identity by gene silencing, and contribute to regulation of lymphopoiesis and malignant transformation. We show that primary nodal large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs), and secondary cutaneous deposits from such lymphomas, abnormally express the BMI-1, RING1, and

  15. On the aetiology of Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hjalgrim, Henrik

    2012-07-01

    The thesis is based on seven publications in English and a review of the literature. The studies were carried out to contribute to the understanding of Hodgkin lymphoma epidemiology through descriptions of its occurrence and its association with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection presenting as infectious mononucleosis. The investigations were supported by the Danish Cancer Society, the Swedish Cancer Society, the Danish Cancer Research Foundation, the Nordic Cancer Union, the Lundbeck Foundation, Plan Danmark, Danish National Research Foundation, Lily Benthine Lund's Foundation, Aase og Ejnar Danielsen's Foundation, Grosserer L. F. Foght's Foundation, the Leukaemia Reseach Fund, the Kay Kendall Leukaemia Fund, and the U.S. National Institutes of Health. The work was carried out in the period 1999-2010 during my employment at the Department of Epidemiology Research at Statens Serum Institut. The employed study designs included population-based incidence surveys of Hodgkin lymphoma in the Nordic countries and in Singapore, register-based cohort studies to characterise the pattern of cancer occurrence in patients with infectious mononucleosis and their first degree relatives, a register-based cohort and a population-based case-control study to characterise the association between infectious mononucleosis and Hodgkin lymphoma taking tumour EBV-status into consideration, and a case-series analysis to assess the association between HLA class I alleles and EBV-positive and EBV-negative Hodgkin lymphomas. Analyses of Nordic incidence data demonstrated that the occurrence of Hodgkin lymphoma had increased markedly younger adults in the period 1978-97, whereas it had decreased among older adults. In combination, these developments led to an accentuation of the younger adult Hodgkin lymphoma incidence peak, which has been a hallmark of Hodgkin lymphoma epidemiology in the Western hemisphere for more than a half century. The opposing incidence trends in younger and older

  16. Brentuximab Vedotin + Rituximab as Frontline Therapy for Pts w/ CD30+ and/or EBV+ Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-04-28

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Epstein-Barr Virus Infection; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis

  17. Rituximab therapy for indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hagenbeek, Anton; Czuczman, Myron S; Ghielmini, Michele; Herold, Michael; Kimby, Eva; Solal-Céligny, Philippe; Unterhalt, Michael

    2002-11-01

    Indolent non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (NHLs) are essentially incurable with current treatments. Rituximab is a specific anti-CD20 chimeric monoclonal antibody against the CD20 antigen, which is stably expressed on most B-cells (from the pre-B-cell stage). Compared with chemotherapy, rituximab has an excellent tolerability profile, making it a good therapeutic option for patients with indolent NHL. In the pivotal study for rituximab, patients with relapsed or refractory indolent or follicular lymphoma (FL) had an overall response rate of 50%. There is evidence that first-line rituximab therapy may be associated with better response rates; in previously untreated FL with a low tumor burden, rituximab monotherapy has produced an overall response rate of 73%. Attempts to improve response rates to rituximab by increasing the dose or frequency of dosing showed that the addition of four extra infusions of rituximab (in addition to the standard treatment schedule) resulted in an overall response rate of 76% in patients with FL. Augmenting rituximab with cytokines is also an option for increasing response rates in patients with indolent NHL. In a trial by the Nordic Lymphoma Study Group in patients with previously untreated or first-relapse indolent NHL, who had stable disease or a partial response after four doses of rituximab, 48% of the patients treated with rituximab plus interferon-alpha2a achieved a complete response. A further option is to combine rituximab with chemotherapy. Interim analyses from the East German Study Group have shown that rituximab plus mitoxantrone, chlorambucil and prednisolone (MCP) resulted in overall response rates of 89% in patients with untreated indolent lymphoma. Rituximab is therefore an excellent treatment option both as first-line and as salvage therapy for patients with indolent NHL.

  18. History of antibody therapy for non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forero, Andres; Lobuglio, Albert F

    2003-12-01

    Monoclonal antibodies (mAbs) were the first successful targeted therapy for cancer. In contrast to the nonspecific nature of most chemotherapy, antibodies bind with high specificity to cell-surface antigens, resulting in targeted killing of malignant cells, relative sparing of normal tissues, and low toxicity. Antibody therapy has undergone substantial development since Ehrlich's notion of a "magic bullet," in 1890. It was not until the 1970s, however, that mAbs became viable as therapeutic tools and clinical studies showed them to be effective. The results were most impressive in hematologic malignancies, especially B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. In 1997, rituximab (Rituxan; Genentech Inc, South San Francisco, CA, and Biogen Idec Inc, Cambridge, MA) became the first mAb approved by the US Food and Drug Administration for use in the treatment of cancer. The first approval for a radiolabeled antibody to treat cancer was in 2002 for (90)Y ibritumomab tiuxetan (Zevalin; Biogen Idec). This is a conjugate of an anti-CD20 mAb (ibritumomab, the murine parent of rituximab) with the beta-emitter radionuclide (90)Y. (90)Y ibritumomab tiuxetan has been shown to be safe and effective in the indicated patient population. Other radioimmunoconjugates are being investigated for the treatment of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, as are several immunotoxins. This article reviews important events in the development of mAb therapy and radioimmunotherapy for B-cell non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

  19. PRIMARY MEDIASTINAL B LARGE CELL LYMPHOMA - CASE REPORT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irena Ćojbašić

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary mediastinal large B cell lymphoma (PMLBCL has been recognized as a specific subtype of diffuse large B cell lymphoma with characteristic clinical, pathological and biological features. This paper presents a diagnostic and therapeutic approach in the treatment of patient with this disease. A patient aged 35 years visited a doctor because of the presence of B-symptoms and signs of the existence of superior vena cava syndrome. After the transbronchial biopsy of the tumor mass, the diagnosis PMLBCL was established. This case has been regarded as localized stage lymphoma with medium risk. The patient received induction therapy by R-MACOP-B protocol and achieved a clinical response of partial remission type. After that, radiotherapy of mediastinum was carried and salavage therapy was applied but no further reduction in tumor mass was observed. Treatment was continued by the application of autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Control PET/CT scan showed the absence of a viable tumor, thus it was concluded that clinical response of complete remission type was achieved. The optimal therapeutic approach in the treatment of patients with PMLBCL remains a matter of debate. The use of a therapeutic protocol MACOP-B in combination with mediastinum radiotherapy has been demonstrated to improve disease-free survival, while the importance of additional treatment with rituximab and the role of PET scan in the assessment of therapeutic response continue to be reviewed.

  20. Jak kinase activity is required for lymphoma invasion and metastasis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Opdam, Frank J M; Kamp, Marga; de Bruijn, Rosalie; Roos, Ed

    2004-08-26

    Jak tyrosine kinases are activated by interleukins and other growth factors, and promote survival and proliferation of cells in multiple tissues. These kinases are constitutively active in many hematopoietic malignancies and certain carcinomas. We have investigated whether Jak kinases play a role in lymphoma invasion and metastasis. Proliferation and survival of a highly metastatic T-lymphoma was made independent of its constitutively active Jak by expression of active forms of both STAT3 and PI3-kinase. Jak activity was then blocked by the isolated JH2 'pseudokinase' domain of Jak2. In vitro invasion was blocked by the JH2 domain, and the metastatic capacity of the JH2-expressing cells was much reduced. The Jak inhibitor AG490 inhibited invasion as well. Invasion and metastasis of these cells requires activation of the integrin LFA-1 by the CXCR4 chemokine receptor. We show that Jak kinases act downstream of LFA-1. We conclude that Jak kinase activity is essential for lymphoma invasion and metastasis, independent of its role in survival and proliferation, and independent of STAT and PI3K signaling. This indicates that Jak kinases contribute in multiple ways to the induction of malignant behavior.

  1. AIDS-related lymphomas: from pathogenesis to pathology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carbone, Antonino; Gloghini, Annunziata

    2005-09-01

    Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)-associated lymphomas include: (1) lymphomas also occurring, although sporadically, in the absence of HIV infection. The vast majority of these lymphomas are high-grade B-cell lymphomas: Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) with centroblastic (CB) features and DLBCL with immunoblastic (IBL) features; (2) unusual lymphomas occurring more specifically in HIV-positive patients and include two rare entities, namely 'primary effusion lymphoma' (PEL) and 'plasmablastic lymphoma' of the oral cavity. The pathological heterogeneity of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphomas (AIDS-NHL) reflects the heterogeneity of their associated molecular lesions. In AIDS-BL, the molecular lesions involve activation of cMYC, inactivation of P53, and infection with Epstein-Barr virus (EBV). AIDS-IBL infected with EBV are characterised by frequent expression of latent membrane protein 1--an EBV oncoprotein. The biological heterogeneity of AIDS-NHL is highlighted by their histogenetic differences. Kaposi's sarcoma-associated herpesvirus/human herpesvirus 8 (KSHV/HHV8)-associated lymphomas, which often develop in persons with advanced AIDS, present predominantly as PEL. KSHV/HHV8 has also been recently detected in solid extracavitary-based lymphomas. The KSHV/HHV8-associated solid lymphomas are (1) unusual lymphomas that occur more specifically in HIV-positive patients; (2) extracavitary and arise in nodal and/or extranodal sites; and (3) histologically, they usually display a PEL-like morphology and plasma cell-related phenotype.

  2. B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma: Report of a case in the oral cavity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jumana M Jaradat

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available B-cell lymphoma, unclassifiable, with features intermediate between diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and Burkitt lymphoma (DLBCL/BL is a new category of B-cell lymphoma according to the 4 th edition of the World Health Organization Classification of Tumours of Haematopoietic and Lymphoid Tissues (2008. The following report presents a case of this rare, newly described entity on the palate of a 59 year-old male.

  3. Primary adrenal non-Hodgkin lymphoma: a case report and review of the literature.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, Nanik; Rashid, Owais; Farooq, Saad; Ulhaq, Imran; Islam, Najmul

    2017-04-15

    Lymphomas are cancers that arise from the white blood cells and have been traditionally divided into two large subtypes: Hodgkin and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. B-cell lymphoma is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma; almost 85% of patients with lymphoma have this variant. Lymphomas can potentially arise from any lymphoid tissue located in the body; however, primary adrenal non-Hodgkin lymphoma is extremely rare. We report the history, examination findings, and laboratory results of a 50-year-old man diagnosed with a primary left adrenal diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. A 50-year-old Pakistani man presented to our hospital with progressively increasing pain and fullness in the left upper quadrant of his abdomen, generalized weakness, easy fatigability, and decreased appetite of 1.5 months' duration. On examination, he had a blood pressure of 140/80 mmHg with no postural drop, a pulse rate of 106 beats/minute, and no fever. His past medical history was significant for pulmonary tuberculosis 2 years earlier, for which he received antituberculous therapy. Computed tomography revealed a heterogeneous enhancing soft tissue density mass in the left adrenal gland. It measured 7.1 × 5.6 × 9.5 cm. Further laboratory workup revealed the following levels: sodium 135 mEq/L, potassium 4.5 mEq/L, lactate dehydrogenase 905 IU/L, renin 364 IU/ml, aldosterone 5.79 ng/dl, dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate 79.20 μg/dl, urinary vanillylmandelic acid 6.4 mg/24 hours, and a low-dose overnight dexamethasone suppression test result of 3.20 μg/dl. The patient underwent left adrenalectomy. Histopathological test results showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Immunohistochemical stains were strongly positive for CD20 and negative for CD3, CD5, CD10, and cyclin D1. The patient's Ki-67 (Mib-1) index was approximately 80%. He received a total of six cycles of cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone chemotherapy (rituximab was not given, owing to financial

  4. FDA Approves First Immunotherapy for Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    The FDA has approved nivolumab (Opdivo®) for the treatment of patients with classical Hodgkin lymphoma whose disease has relapsed or worsened after receiving an autologous hematopoietic stem cell transplantation followed by brentuximab vedotin (Adcetris®)

  5. Treatment Options for Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Childhood NHL Treatment Research Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Non- ... Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. The prognosis (chance of recovery ) and treatment ...

  6. Treatment Options for Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment Childhood NHL Treatment Research Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About Adult Hodgkin ... Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. The prognosis (chance of recovery ) and treatment ...

  7. Treatment Options for AIDS-Related Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Treatment Childhood NHL Treatment Research AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment (PDQ®)–Patient Version General Information About AIDS-Related ... Certain factors affect prognosis (chance of recovery) and treatment options. The prognosis (chance of recovery ) and treatment ...

  8. Lymphoma – histopathology in changing clinical perspective ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background. Lymphoma management has traditionally been dominated by nodal histopathology. Unfortunately, many different classifications coexisted and frequent revisions have often obscured clinical·correlations. Some improvement in understanding histogenesis followed the introduction of immunophenotyping, while ...

  9. Risk factors identified for certain lymphoma subtypes

    Science.gov (United States)

    In a large international collaborative analysis of risk factors for non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), scientists were able to quantify risk associated with medical history, lifestyle factors, family history of blood or lymph-borne cancers, and occupation for 11

  10. Fertility preservation after chemotherapy for Hodgkin lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Kaaij, Marleen A. E.; van Echten-Arends, Jannie; Simons, Arnold H. M.; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.

    2010-01-01

    Treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma can negatively affect fertility. This review summarizes data on fertility after chemotherapy in adult patients. Alkylating chemotherapy, especially if containing procarbazine and/or cyclophosphamide, is most harmful to gonadal functioning. Alkylating regimens cause

  11. [An unusual cause of pancytopenia: intravascular lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parisi, Elisabeth; Tortel, Marie-Claire; Chenard, Marie-Pierre; Raby, Pascale; Mazurier, Isabelle; Moskovtchenko, Philippe

    2003-09-01

    We report an observation of intravascular lymphoma occurring in a 69-year-old woman. This relatively rare disease presents polymorphic clinical features that render diagnosis difficult. Cutaneous and central nervous system signs and symptoms are frequently observed and should be recognized as suggestive of intravascular lymphoma. However, they are not always observed, in our case only pancytopenia was present. Pronostic is generally unfavorable but good response to chemotherapy has been described with early diagnosis. A large number of pathogenic hypotheses have been put forward: abnormality of cellular receptor, role of Epstein-Barr virus or transformation from lymphoma. Intravascular lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of pancytopenia to increase chances of good response.

  12. Study Identifies New Lymphoma Treatment Target

    Science.gov (United States)

    NCI researchers have identified new therapeutic targets for diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Drugs that hit these targets are under clinical development and the researchers hope to begin testing them in clinical trials of patients with DLBCL.

  13. Primary effusion lymphoma involving three body cavities

    OpenAIRE

    Brimo Fadi; Popradi Gizelle; Michel Rene; Auger Manon

    2009-01-01

    Primary effusion lymphoma (PEL) is a human herpes virus-8 (HHV8)-associated large-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma localized in body cavities and presenting as pleural, peritoneal, or pericardial lymphomatous effusions. It typically affects immunocompromised patients and usually involves only one body site. We describe herein a case of PEL affecting three body cavity sites in an immunocompetent patient. A 69-year-old HIV-negative man presented with upper gastrointestinal bleeding and ascites. An exa...

  14. Minimally Invasive Diagnosis of Secondary Intracranial Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. P. McClement

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B cell lymphomas (DLBCL are an aggressive group of non-Hodgkin lymphoid malignancies which have diverse presentation and can have high mortality. Central nervous system relapse is rare but has poor survival. We present the diagnosis of primary mandibular DLBCL and a unique minimally invasive diagnosis of secondary intracranial recurrence. This case highlights the manifold radiological contributions to the diagnosis and management of lymphoma.

  15. CAR-pNK Cell Immunotherapy in CD7 Positive Leukemia and Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-12-04

    Acute Myeloid Leukemia; Precursor T-Cell Lymphoblastic Leukemia-Lymphoma; T-cell Prolymphocytic Leukemia; T-cell Large Granular Lymphocytic Leukemia; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma, NOS; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma, Nasal Type; Enteropathy-type Intestinal T-cell Lymphoma; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma

  16. Nodular Lymphocyte Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma versus T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma: A Diagnostic Challenge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anton V. Rets

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphomas with overlapping histological features of two distinct entities cause difficulty in classification. Their classification is of particular significance when the two alternatives require different treatment modalities. We present a diagnostically challenging case of a nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL with features of T-cell/histiocyte-rich large B-cell lymphoma (THRLBCL. Our patient is a 39-year-old woman who presented with painless subclavicular and axillary lymphadenopathy. The biopsied lymph node showed diffuse architectural effacement and scattered large neoplastic cells with large irregular nuclei and prominent nucleoli. These cells were positive for CD20 and Bcl-6 and negative for CD15, CD30, IgD, and Bcl-2. The background cells were predominantly T lymphocytes, whereas B cells were markedly depleted. The lymph node was interpreted as NLPHL, consistent with THRLBCL-like variant. NLPHL, especially THRLBC-like variant, and de novo THRLBCL are characterized by significant morphologic and immunophenotypic overlap. Our case demonstrates a rare predominance of background T-cells in NLPHL and emphasizes the importance of thorough evaluation of multiple morphologic and immunophenotypic features as an essential approach for arriving at the correct diagnosis.

  17. C-MYC overexpression predicts aggressive transformation and a poor outcome in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Wenting; Guo, Lei; Liu, Hongyan; Zheng, Bo; Ying, Jianming; Lv, Ning

    2014-01-01

    Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is a relatively common, indolent B-cell lymphoma. MALT lymphoma with large tumor cells (LTCs) is believed to have the potential to transform to aggressive diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) which may have a poor prognosis. C-MYC is a transcription factor. Its translocation and overexpression predicts an inferior prognosis and poor response to therapy in cases of DLBCL. In the current study, C-MYC expression was detected in MALT lymphomas, and its relationship to the occurrence of LTCs, clinicopathological parameters and prognosis was assessed. A total of 69 cases were enrolled in the study, including 42 cases of MALT lymphoma without LTCs, 20 cases of MALT lymphoma with LTCs and 7 cases of DLBCL with a MALT lymphoma component (DLBCL+MALT). Immunohistochemistry and fluorescent in situ hybridization analyses were performed. In total, 15/42 (35.7%) cases were nuclear positive for C-MYC expression in the group without LTCs, whereas 15/20 (75.0%) and 4/7 (57.1%) cases were positive in the group with LTCs and in the group with DLBCL+MALT, respectively (P=0.004). Univariate and multivariate analysis were used to determine the correlations of C-MYC expression and clinicopathological parameters with overall survival (OS). C-MYC expression, Ann Arbor stage, LDH level and IPI were considerably associated with OS according to the univariate analysis. However, only C-MYC expression ≥ 20% showed a statistical significance in the multivariate analysis (HR=20.604, 95% CI: 1.909-222.412, P=0.013). Therefore, C-MYC overexpression may play an important role in aggressive transformation and is an independent prognostic factor in MALT lymphoma.

  18. MicroRNA profiling of Epstein-Barr virus-associated NK/T-cell lymphomas by deep sequencing.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Motsch

    Full Text Available The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV is an oncogenic human Herpes virus involved in the pathogenesis of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. EBV encodes microRNAs (miRNAs and induces changes in the host cellular miRNA profile. MiRNAs are short non-coding RNAs of about 19-25 nt length that regulate gene expression by post-transcriptional mechanisms and are frequently deregulated in human malignancies including cancer. The microRNA profiles of EBV-positive NK/T-cell lymphoma, non-infected T-cell lymphoma and normal thymus were established by deep sequencing of small RNA libraries. The comparison of the EBV-positive NK/T-cell vs. EBV-negative T-cell lymphoma revealed 15 up- und 16 down-regulated miRNAs. In contrast, the majority of miRNAs was repressed in the lymphomas compared to normal tissue. We also identified 10 novel miRNAs from known precursors and two so far unknown miRNAs. The sequencing results were confirmed for selected miRNAs by quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR. We show that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 alpha (IL1A is a target for miR-142-3p and the oncogenic BCL6 for miR-205. MiR-142-3p is down-regulated in the EBV-positive vs. EBV-negative lymphomas. MiR-205 was undetectable in EBV-negative lymphoma and strongly down-regulated in EBV-positive NK/T-cell lymphoma as compared to thymus. The targets were confirmed by reporter assays and by down-regulation of the proteins by ectopic expression of the cognate miRNAs. Taken together, our findings demonstrate the relevance of deregulated miRNAs for the post-transcriptional gene regulation in nasal NK/T-cell lymphomas.

  19. MicroRNA profiling of Epstein-Barr virus-associated NK/T-cell lymphomas by deep sequencing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Motsch, Natalie; Alles, Julia; Imig, Jochen; Zhu, Jiayun; Barth, Stephanie; Reineke, Tanja; Tinguely, Marianne; Cogliatti, Sergio; Dueck, Anne; Meister, Gunter; Renner, Christoph; Grässer, Friedrich A

    2012-01-01

    The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an oncogenic human Herpes virus involved in the pathogenesis of nasal NK/T-cell lymphoma. EBV encodes microRNAs (miRNAs) and induces changes in the host cellular miRNA profile. MiRNAs are short non-coding RNAs of about 19-25 nt length that regulate gene expression by post-transcriptional mechanisms and are frequently deregulated in human malignancies including cancer. The microRNA profiles of EBV-positive NK/T-cell lymphoma, non-infected T-cell lymphoma and normal thymus were established by deep sequencing of small RNA libraries. The comparison of the EBV-positive NK/T-cell vs. EBV-negative T-cell lymphoma revealed 15 up- und 16 down-regulated miRNAs. In contrast, the majority of miRNAs was repressed in the lymphomas compared to normal tissue. We also identified 10 novel miRNAs from known precursors and two so far unknown miRNAs. The sequencing results were confirmed for selected miRNAs by quantitative Real-Time PCR (qRT-PCR). We show that the proinflammatory cytokine interleukin 1 alpha (IL1A) is a target for miR-142-3p and the oncogenic BCL6 for miR-205. MiR-142-3p is down-regulated in the EBV-positive vs. EBV-negative lymphomas. MiR-205 was undetectable in EBV-negative lymphoma and strongly down-regulated in EBV-positive NK/T-cell lymphoma as compared to thymus. The targets were confirmed by reporter assays and by down-regulation of the proteins by ectopic expression of the cognate miRNAs. Taken together, our findings demonstrate the relevance of deregulated miRNAs for the post-transcriptional gene regulation in nasal NK/T-cell lymphomas.

  20. A clinicopathological analysis of primary cutaneous lymphomas: A 6-year observational study at a tertiary care center of south India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anza Khader

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Little data are available concerning clinical and pathological patterns of cutaneous lymphomas in India. Aim: To analyze the clinical and histopathological characteristics of cutaneous lymphomas in Indian patients Materials and Methods: This is a single-center, prospective, observational study carried out from January 1, 2010, to December 31, 2015. The patients underwent clinical examination, human T-cell lymphotropic virus-1 (HTLV-1 screening, skin biopsy with hematoxylin and eosin and immunohistochemistry staining. Results: Among 35 cases, 33 (94.3% were T-cell, and 2 (5.7% were B-cell lymphomas. The mean age was 52.66, and the male to female ratio was 2.5:1. The most common types of T-cell lymphomas included mycosis fungoides (MF (57.1% followed by adult T-cell lymphoma/leukemia (ATL (17.1%. Primary cutaneous peripheral T-cell lymphoma not otherwise specified was diagnosed in 17.1% and anaplastic large cell lymphoma in 2.9%. The morphological types of MF included polymorphic, poikilodermatous, folliculotropic, hypopigmented, hyperpigmented, mixed, and purpuric. Skin manifestations of ATL included ulcerated plaques and erythroderma. Epidermotropism was very marked in ATL (83.3% than in MF (70%. Larger Pautrier′s microabscess was noted in ATL compared to smaller ones in MF. Markedly dense, diffuse infiltrate of atypical cells was noted in ATL in contrast to mild to moderate nodular or perivascular infiltrate in MF. ATL had an extremely poor prognosis. Limitations: Identification of DNA integration of HTLV-1 by Southern blot could not be analyzed, and the number of cases studied is limited. Conclusions: The study showed unique patterns of subtypes of cutaneous lymphomas in our country. Variations in the clinical pattern and histopathological analysis will help to differentiate T-cell lymphoma types which have prognostic implications.

  1. Primary parotid gland lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paraskevas Katsaronis

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Introduction Mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphomas are the most common lymphomas of the salivary glands. The benign lymphoepithelial lesion is also a lymphoproliferative disease that develops in the parotid gland. In the present case report, we describe one case of benign lymphoepithelial lesion with a subsequent low transformation to grade mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma appearing as a cystic mass in the parotid gland. Case presentation A 78-year-old Caucasian female smoker was referred to our clinic with a non-tender left facial swelling that had been present for approximately three years. The patient underwent resection of the left parotid gland with preservation of the left facial nerve through a preauricular incision. The pathology report was consistent with a low-grade marginal-zone B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma following benign lymphoepithelial lesion of the gland. Conclusions Salivary gland mucosa associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma should be considered in the differential diagnosis of cystic or bilateral salivary gland lesions. Parotidectomy is recommended in order to treat the tumor and to ensure histological diagnosis for further follow-up planning. Radiotherapy and chemotherapy should be considered in association with surgery in disseminated forms or after removal.

  2. Primary Hepatosplenic Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.R. Morales-Polanco

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common form of lymphoma. It usually begins in the lymph nodes; up to 40% may have an extranodal presentation. According to a definition of primary extranodal lymphoma with presentation only in extranodal sites, there are reports of large B-cell lymphomas limited to liver or spleen as separate entities, and to date there have been only three documented cases of primary hepatosplenic presentation. This paper reports a fourth case. Due to a review of the literature and the clinical course of the case reported, we conclude that primary hepatosplenic large B-cell lymphoma has been found predominantly in females older than 60 years. The patients reported had <2 months of evolution prior to diagnosis, prominent B symptoms, splenomegaly in three and hepatomegaly in two, none with lymph node involvement. All had thrombocytopenia and abnormal liver function tests; three had anemia and elevated serum lactic dehydrogenase levels, two with hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. Because of the previously mentioned data, it can be stated that primary hepatosplenic lymphoma is an uncommon and aggressive form of disease that requires immediate recognition and treatment.

  3. Coexistence between renal cell cancer and Hodgkin's lymphoma: A rare coincidence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jimenez I Victor H

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Renal cell carcinoma is the most common kidney tumor in adults and accounts for approximately 3% of adult malignancies. An increased incidence of second malignancies has been well documented in a number of different disorders, such as head and neck tumors, and hairy cell leukemia. In addition, treatment associated second malignancies (usually leukemias and lymphomas but also solid tumors have been described in long term survivors of Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL, Non Hodgkin's lymphoma and in various pediatric tumors. Case presentation We present the case of a 66 year-old woman with abdominal pain and dyspnea. We performed a thorax CT scan that showed lymph nodes enlargement and subsequently by presence of abdominal pain was performed an abdominal and pelvis CT scan that showed a right kidney tumor of 4 × 5 cms besides of abdominal lymph nodes enlargement. A radical right nephrectomy was designed and Hodgkin's lymphoma was diagnosed in the abdominal lymph nodes while renal cell tumor exhibited a renal cell cancer. Patient received EVA protocol achieving complete response. Conclusion We described the first case reported in the medical literature of the coexistence between Hodgkin's lymphoma and renal cell cancer. Previous reports have shown the relationship of lymphoid neoplasms with solid tumors, but they have usually described secondary forms of cancer related to chemotherapy.

  4. Dissecting the gray zone between follicular lymphoma and marginal zone lymphoma using morphological and genetic features

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krijgsman, Oscar; Gonzalez, Patricia; Ponz, Olga Balague; Roemer, Margaretha G. M.; Slot, Stefanie; Broeks, Annegien; Braaf, Linde; Kerkhoven, Ron M.; Bot, Freek; van Groningen, Krijn; Beijert, Max; Ylstra, Bauke; de Jongi, Daphne

    2013-01-01

    Nodal marginal zone lymphoma is a poorly defined entity in the World Health Organization classification, based largely on criteria of exclusion and the diagnosis often remains subjective. Follicular lymphoma lacking t(14;18) has similar characteristics which results in a major potential diagnostic

  5. Uncommon presentation of Burkitt's lymphoma: a case report; Apresentacao atipica do linfoma de Burkitt: relato de caso

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldeira Junior, Sandro Ferreira; Torres, Lucas Rios; Rogerio, Ricardo Mendes; Macedo, Leonardo Lopes de; Ferri, Francisco; Souza, Ricardo Pires de [Hospital Heliopolis, Sao Paulo, SP (Brazil). Servico de Radiologia e Diagnostico por Imagem

    2007-01-15

    Burkitt's lymphoma is a rapidly proliferating, highly aggressive B-cell lymphoma of non-Hodgkin subtype. We present a case of a young adult with weight loss and abdominal mass. A computed tomography of abdomen showed a bulky abdominal mass with calcifications. It has not previously been done any type of treatment. The diagnostic was made by pathology and immunohistochemistry. (author)

  6. [Mantle cell lymphoma with multiple extranodal involvement].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Orii, K; Kobayashi, H; Ueno, M; Ishida, F; Saito, H; Hata, S; Aoki, K; Narita, A; Shimodaira, S; Kitano, K; Uchimaru, K; Motokura, T

    1997-06-01

    A 79-year-old male was admitted to our hospital because of general fatigue and night sweat. Physical examination showed generalized superficial lymphadenopathy, marked splenomegaly, and tumors in the conjunctiva and the abdomen. Chest X-ray and computed tomography (CT) revealed pleural effusion and intrathoracic lymphadenopathy. Abdominal ultrasonography and CT showed hepatosplenomegaly and intraperitoneal tumors. Upper gastrointestinal fiberscopy revealed multiple polypoid lesions and ulcers in the duodenum and the stomach. Involvement of relatively small-sized lymphocytes with cleaved nuclei was identified in each biopsied specimen from a cervical lymph node, a tumor in the conjunctiva, gastrointestinal polypoid lesions, and the bone marrow. Surface marker analysis of abnormal lymphocytes in the bone marrow revealed that CD5, CD19, and CD20 were strongly positive, but CD23 was weakly positive. Although (11:14)(q13:q32) translocation was not identified by chromosome analysis of bone marrow cells, Northern blot analysis of bone marrow cells revealed overexpression of the PRAD1 oncogene. Diagnosis of mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) was made. Combination chemotherapy by cyclophosphamide and vincristine was not effective, but etoposide perorally given at a dose of 50 mg per day was effective. In MCL, extranodal involvement of a digestive tract and bone marrow is well known. This case suggests that involvement of multiple organs including lacrimal glands and pleura could be characteristic of MCL cells.

  7. A Case of Prostatic Abscess with Malignant Lymphoma Involving the Prostate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wataru Noguchi

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of prostatic abscess probably due to malignant lymphoma of the prostate. An 82-year-old man was referred to our hospital with chief complaints of urinary frequency and discomfort on urination. Antibiotics were prescribed, but the symptoms remained and intermittent fever appeared. The patient was diagnosed with prostatic abscess by computed tomography (CT. Digital rectal examination (DRE revealed soft prostate, and thick pus was milked out from the extrameatus by prostatic massage. For drainage, we performed transurethral resection of the prostate (TURP. Drainage by TURP was successful as CT clearly showed reduction of prostatic abscess after the operation. Nevertheless, intermittent fever did not improve and the patient’s general condition deteriorated. The day before the patient died, histopathological analysis showed prostatic abscess probably due to malignant lymphoma of the prostate and incidental adenocarcinoma. This is the first report of prostatic abscess with malignant lymphoma involving the prostate.

  8. An unusual presentation of gastric mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-type lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bikram Shrestha

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT-type lymphoma is a relatively rare disease; nevertheless, it is the third most common lymphoma type, accounting for 5–7% of all non-Hodgkin lymphomas. Case series and retrospective analysis published in the literature have suggested that extra gastrointestinal (GI MALT-type lymphoma can occur simultaneously with MALT-type lymphoma involving the GI tract. We report the case of a healthy, 64-year-old Caucasian male who presented with progressive fatigue, non-productive cough, and worsening exertional shortness of breath for 3 months who was subsequently diagnosed with gastric extra-nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma or MALToma with simultaneous metastasis to the lung (bronchi based on biopsy reports. Case presentation: A 64-year-old Caucasian male presented to the emergency room complaining of progressive fatigue for 3 months which had progressed to the point of hindering his usual activities of daily living (ADL. He had recently visited his primary care provider for evaluation of a non-productive cough and exertional shortness of breath. A chest radiography obtained at the time showed bilateral infiltrates. He was then treated for atypical pneumonia but his symptoms unfortunately did not improve. Initial investigations in the emergency room revealed severe anemia and a positive stool guaiac test. Imaging showed bilateral pulmonary infiltrates and an irregular gastric mass. Gastric and transbronchial biopsies were suggestive of extra-nodal marginal zone B-cell lymphoma with simultaneous metastasis to the bronchi. He was treated symptomatically with transfusion of packed red blood cells (PRBC and intravenous iron followed by radiotherapy. Helicobacter pylori infection was ruled out eliminating the possibility of treating him with eradication therapy. Conclusion: Although the stomach is the most common and most extensively studied site of involvement of MALT lymphomas, they can also emerge in many other

  9. B cell lymphoma and myeloma in murine Gaucher's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pavlova, E V; Wang, S Z; Archer, J; Dekker, N; Aerts, J M F G; Karlsson, S; Cox, T M

    2013-09-01

    Multiple myeloma and B cell lymphoma are leading causes of death in Gaucher's disease but the nature of the stimulus driving the often noted clonal expansion of immunoglobulin-secreting B cells and cognate lymphoid malignancy is unknown. We investigated the long-term development of B cell malignancies in an authentic model of non-neuronopathic Gaucher's disease in mice: selective deficiency of β-glucocerebrosidase in haematopoietic cells [Gba(tm1Karl/tm1Karl)Tg(Mx1-cre)1Cgn/0, with excision of exons 9-11 of the murine GBA1 gene, is induced by poly[I:C]. Mice with Gaucher's disease showed visceral storage of β-glucosylceramide and greatly elevated plasma β-glucosylsphingosine [median 57.9 (range 19.8-159) nm; n = 39] compared with control mice from the same strain [median 0.56 (range 0.04-1.38) nm; n = 29] (p < 0.0001). Sporadic fatal B cell lymphomas developed in 11 of 21 GD mice (6-24 months) but only two of eight control animals developed tumours by age 24 months. Unexpectedly, most mice with overt lymphoma had absent or few Gaucher cells but local inflammatory macrophages were present. Eleven of 39 of Gaucher mice developed monoclonal gammopathy, but in the control group only one animal of 25 had clonal immunoglobulin abnormalities. Seven of 10 of the B cell lymphomas were found to secrete a monoclonal paraprotein and the lymphomas stained intensely for pan-B cell markers; reactive T lymphocytes were also present in tumour tissue. In the Gaucher mouse strain, it was notable that, as in patients with this disease, CD138(+) plasma cells frequently surrounded splenic macrophages engorged with glycosphingolipid. Our strain of mice, with inducible deficiency of β-glucocerebrosidase in haematopoietic cells and a high frequency of sporadic lethal B cell malignancies, faithfully recapitulates human Gaucher's disease: it serves as a tractable model to investigate the putative role of bioactive sphingolipids in the control of B cell proliferation and the pathogenesis

  10. Utility of LRF/Pokemon and NOTCH1 Protein Expression in the Distinction of Nodular Lymphocyte-Predominant Hodgkin Lymphoma and Classical Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohn, Olga; Maeda, Takahiro; Filatov, Alexander; Lunardi, Andrea; Pandolfi, Pier Paolo; Teruya-Feldstein, Julie

    2014-01-01

    Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) are considered separate entities with different prognosis and treatment. However, morphologic features can be similar and immunohistochemical studies are essential in the distinction; thus, determination of additional biomarkers is of utmost importance. LRF/Pokemon is a protooncogene, an interacting partner co-expressed with BCL6 in germinal centers and highly expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Conversely, loss of the LRF gene in mouse hematopoietic stem cells results in complete block of early B cell development with concomitant Notch derepression, indicating its critical role in B versus T cell fate decision at the hematopoietic stem cell stage. For the first time, we show that LRF/Pokemon is predominantly expressed in NLPHL cases as is BCL6 with low to absent NOTCH1 protein expression; while Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in CHL show low to absent BCL6 and LRF/Pokemon expression with higher NOTCH1 expression. We illustrate a potential functional interaction between LRF and BCL6 in NLPHL pathogenesis, and differential expression of LRF/Pokemon and NOTCH1 proteins in CHL thus showing differential expression, making for an additional diagnostic marker and therapeutic target. PMID:24326827

  11. Utility of LRF/Pokemon and NOTCH1 protein expression in the distinction between nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma and classical Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bohn, Olga; Maeda, Takahiro; Filatov, Alexander; Lunardi, Andrea; Pandolfi, Pier Paolo; Teruya-Feldstein, Julie

    2014-02-01

    Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (CHL) and nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin lymphoma (NLPHL) are considered separate entities with different prognosis and treatment. However, morphologic features can be similar and immunohistochemical studies are essential in the distinction; thus, determination of additional biomarkers is of utmost importance. LRF/Pokemon is a proto-oncogene, an interacting partner co-expressed with BCL6 in germinal centers and highly expressed in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and follicular lymphoma. Conversely, loss of the LRF gene in mouse hematopoietic stem cells results in complete block of early B cell development with concomitant Notch de-repression, indicating its critical role in B versus T cell fate decision at the hematopoietic stem cell stage. For the first time, we show that LRF/Pokemon is predominantly expressed in NLPHL cases as is BCL6 with low to absent NOTCH1 protein expression; while Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells in CHL show low to absent BCL6 and LRF/Pokemon expression with higher NOTCH1 expression. We illustrate a potential functional interaction between LRF and BCL6 in NLPHL pathogenesis, and differential expression of LRF/Pokemon and NOTCH1 proteins in CHL thus showing differential expression, making for an additional diagnostic marker and therapeutic target.

  12. Mechanisms of Idelalisib-Associated Diarrhea in Patients With Relapsed Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia, Indolent Non-hodgkin Lymphoma, or Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-11

    Absence of Signs or Symptoms; B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Digestive System Signs and Symptoms; Indolent Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Recurrent Indolent Adult Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

  13. Clinical characteristics of Burkitt's lymphoma from three regions in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Clinical characteristics of Burkitt's lymphoma from three regions in Kenya. ... Method: Histologically proven cases of Burkitt's lymphoma in patients less than 16 years of age ... Strategies to explain and investigate the local environmental factors ...

  14. Classification of follicular lymphoma images: a holistic approach with symbol-based machine learning methods.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zorman, Milan; Sánchez de la Rosa, José Luis; Dinevski, Dejan

    2011-12-01

    It is not very often to see a symbol-based machine learning approach to be used for the purpose of image classification and recognition. In this paper we will present such an approach, which we first used on the follicular lymphoma images. Lymphoma is a broad term encompassing a variety of cancers of the lymphatic system. Lymphoma is differentiated by the type of cell that multiplies and how the cancer presents itself. It is very important to get an exact diagnosis regarding lymphoma and to determine the treatments that will be most effective for the patient's condition. Our work was focused on the identification of lymphomas by finding follicles in microscopy images provided by the Laboratory of Pathology in the University Hospital of Tenerife, Spain. We divided our work in two stages: in the first stage we did image pre-processing and feature extraction, and in the second stage we used different symbolic machine learning approaches for pixel classification. Symbolic machine learning approaches are often neglected when looking for image analysis tools. They are not only known for a very appropriate knowledge representation, but also claimed to lack computational power. The results we got are very promising and show that symbolic approaches can be successful in image analysis applications.

  15. Investigation of the cytotoxic effect of flavopiridol in canine lymphoma cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ema, Y; Igase, M; Takeda, Y; Yanase, T; Umeki, S; Hiraoka, H; Okuda, M; Mizuno, T

    2016-08-01

    The cyclin-dependent kinase (CDK) inhibitor, flavopiridol, was tested as a potential new cancer therapeutic agent to treat canine lymphoma by examining its effect on cell growth of canine lymphoma cell lines in vitro. Flavopiridol induced profound cell death in all eight lymphoma cell lines at 400 nM, and in all cases cell death was due to apoptosis. Apoptosis was inhibited by caspase inhibitor, despite the variable sensitivities between cell lines. Analysis of the mechanism of flavopiridol-induced apoptosis showed that Rb phosphorylation was inhibited, possibly due to CDK4 or CDK6 inhibition. There was also decreased expression of Rb protein and anti-apoptotic proteins, Mcl-1 and XIAP, possibly through transcriptional regulation by inhibition of CDK7 or CDK9 activation. Canine lymphoma cell line-xenotransplanted mice were then treated with flavopiridol and profound tumour shrinkage was observed. This study describes a new therapeutic approach using flavopiridol for canine lymphoma treatment. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  16. Follicular B Cell Lymphoma with Accompanying Ischemic Gastritis Completely Resolved by Rituximab.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tariq, Anam; Mehta, Neal; Peroutka, Kathryn

    2017-06-02

    BACKGROUND Follicular B cell lymphomas account for a significant portion of all newly diagnosed non-Hodgkin's lymphomas. While involvement can be varied, the most common extranodal presentation is within the gastrointestinal tract beyond the stomach. In addition, the stomach has a diffuse multivessel vascular supply, which decreases the likelihood of developing ischemic gastritis. CASE REPORT An 89-year-old woman with history of diabetes, deep venous thromboembolism, and hypertension was referred due to a newly diagnosed retroperitoneal mass. Biopsy of a left para-aortic node was consistent with low-grade follicular B cell lymphoma. Following mainstream treatment guidelines, rituximab was administered. Approximately 12 hours later, the patient presented to the Emergency Department with intractable vomiting and nausea. After admission, an esophagogastroduodenoscopy (EGD) revealed extensive ischemic gastritis. Due to recurrent ascites requiring frequent paracenteses, and the clinical aggressiveness of the patient's underlying lymphoma, a second dose of rituximab was administered with concurrent initiation of total parenteral nutrition. Approximately 1 week later, the patient underwent a repeat EGD for quality of life planning while in hospice. The repeat EGD revealed resolved ischemic gastritis. Her diet was advanced and she was subsequently discharged home. CONCLUSIONS Rituximab alone shows promise in treating extensive follicular B cell lymphoma complicated by ischemic gastritis, which has not been previously reported in the literature.

  17. Application value of magnetic resonance imaging in diagnosing central nervous system lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Shanhua; Li, Hongjun; Zhu, Rongguang; Zhang, Mingming

    2016-01-01

    To describe the magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) appearance of central nervous system lymphoma. We retrospectively reviewed MRI images of 40 patients who had pathologically proven primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL) and received treatment in Binzhou People's Hospital, Shandong, China from January to December in 2014. Location, size and form of tumor was observed and relevant data were recorded for analysis. Foci of 40 cases of PCNSL all located in brain, among which. 18 cases were single (45.0%) and 22 cases were multiple (55.5%). Of 96 Foci, 84 were supratentorial, 12 were subtentorial. Enhanced MRI scanning showed that, most Foci had significant homogenous enhancement, shaping as multiple nodular or lumpy, and few had ring-enhancement. MRI suggested that, T1 signal of most Foci concentrated on low signal segment and T2 signal gathered on high signal segment, suggesting a significant homogeneous enhancement; moreover, mild and medium edema surrounded the tumor. They were pathologically confirmed as B cell derived non-hodgkin lymphoma. Except one case of Burkitt lymphoma, the others were all diffuse large B cell lymphoma which was observed with diffuse distribution of cancer cells (little cytoplasm, large nucleus, rough perichromatin granule) in same size. Fifteen cases were observed with sleeve-like infiltration of cancer cells around blood vessels. No case was found with hemorrhage, necrosis or calcification. Pathological foundation of PCNSL determines its characteristic MRI performance. Typical case of PCNSL can be diagnosed accurately by MRI.

  18. Gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma arising in a long-standing cutaneous plaque.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ali, Liaqat; Young, Michelle R; Bayerl, Michael G; Helm, Klaus F; Clarke, Loren E

    2015-08-12

    The precise classification and characterization of primary cutaneous gamma-delta T-cell lymphoma (PCGD-TCL) has been hindered by clinical and morphologic features that overlap with other lymphomas, especially subcutaneous panniculitis-like T cell lymphoma (SPTCL). The recent World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO/EORTC) classification distinguishes the more aggressive PCGD-TCL from the usually indolent SPTCL, however. We report a 30-year-old woman with an indurated violaceous plaque on the left cheek that had been present for several years. Biopsies showed a dense lymphocytic infiltrate involving the subcutis and dermis that consisted mostly of small and medium-sized lymphocytes, some with irregular nuclear contours and dense chromatin. These cells were positive for TIA-1, TCR-gamma and CD8, but negative for beta-F1 and granzyme-B. Staging with positron emission tomography-computed tomography (PET/CT), CBC and bone marrow with flow cytometry identified lymphadenopathy as well as blood and marrow involvement by an abnormal TCRgd-positive T-cell proliferation (Ann Arbor Stage IV). The patient's history of a long-standing lesion in this case is unusual, in that gamma-delta T-cell lymphomas are typically rapidly progressive neoplasms. As such, it raises the possibility of 'transformation' of a long-standing inflammatory process into an overt lymphoma. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  19. [Role of stem cell transplantation in treatment of primary cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stranzenbach, R; Theurich, S; Schlaak, M

    2017-09-01

    Within the heterogeneous group of cutaneous T‑cell lymphomas (CTCL) the therapeutic options for advanced and progressive forms are particularly limited. The therapeutic value of hematopoietic stem cell transplantation in CTCL was analyzed. A literature search using the keywords "hematopoietic stem cell transplantation" and "cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma" was performed in PubMed. Studies between 1990 and 2017 were taken into account. The studies identified were analyzed for relevance and being up to date. After reviewing the currently available literature no prospective randomized studies were found. Wu et al. showed a superiority of allogeneic transplantation in a comparison of autologous and allogeneic stem cell transplantation for cutaneous lymphoma. The graft-versus-lymphoma effect plays a significant role in a prolonged progression-free survival after allogeneic transplantation. By using a non-myeloablative conditioning regimen, stem cell transplantation can also be an option for elderly patients. The most extensive long-term data after allogeneic stem cell transplantation were reported by Duarte et al. in 2014. Autologous stem cell transplantation does not currently represent a therapeutic option, whereas allogeneic stem cell transplantation for advanced cutaneous T‑cell lymphoma, using a non-myeloablative conditioning scheme, does represent a therapeutic option. However, there is no consensus on the appropriate patients and the right timing. Morbidity and mortality of complications should be taken into account. Thus, this procedure is currently subject to an individual case decision.

  20. Stereotyped patterns of B-cell receptor in splenic marginal zone lymphoma

    KAUST Repository

    Zibellini, S.

    2010-05-29

    Antigen stimulation may be important for splenic marginal zone lymphoma pathogenesis. To address this hypothesis, the occurrence of stereotyped B-cell receptors was investigated in 133 SMZL (26 HCV+) compared with 4,414 HCDR3 sequences from public databases. Sixteen SMZL (12%) showed stereotyped BCR; 7 of 86 (8%) SMZL sequences retrieved from public databases also belonged to stereotyped HCDR3 subsets. Three categories of subsets were identified: i) SMZL-specific subsets (n=5), composed only of 12 SMZL (9 HCV- from our series); ii) Non-Hodgkin\\'s lymphoma-like subsets (n=5), comprising 5 SMZL (4 from our series) clustering with other indolent lymphomas; iii) "CLL-like subsets" (n=6), comprising 6 SMZL (3 from our series) that belonged to known CLL subsets (n=4) or clustered with public CLL sequences. Immunoglobulin 3D modeling of 3 subsets revealed similarities in antigen binding regions not limited to HCDR3. Overall, data suggest that the pathogenesis of splenic marginal zone lymphoma may involve also HCV unrelated epitopes or an antigenic trigger common to other indolent lymphomas. ©2010 Ferrata Storti Foundation.

  1. Immunoglobulin gene repertoire in ocular adnexal lymphomas: hints on the nature of the antigenic stimulation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dagklis, A; Ponzoni, M; Govi, S; Cangi, M G; Pasini, E; Charlotte, F; Vino, A; Doglioni, C; Davì, F; Lossos, I S; Ntountas, I; Papadaki, T; Dolcetti, R; Ferreri, A J M; Stamatopoulos, K; Ghia, P

    2012-04-01

    Evidence from certain geographical areas links lymphomas of the ocular adnexa marginal zone B-cell lymphomas (OAMZL) with Chlamydophila psittaci (Cp) infection, suggesting that lymphoma development is dependent upon chronic stimulation by persistent infections. Notwithstanding that, the actual immunopathogenetical mechanisms have not yet been elucidated. As in other B-cell lymphomas, insight into this issue, especially with regard to potential selecting ligands, could be provided by analysis of the immunoglobulin (IG) receptors of the malignant clones. To this end, we studied the molecular features of IGs in 44 patients with OAMZL (40% Cp-positive), identifying features suggestive of a pathogenic mechanism of autoreactivity. Herein, we show that lymphoma cells express a distinctive IG repertoire, with electropositive antigen (Ag)-binding sites, reminiscent of autoantibodies (auto-Abs) recognizing DNA. Additionally, five (11%) cases of OAMZL expressed IGs homologous with autoreactive Abs or IGs of patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia, a disease known for the expression of autoreactive IGs by neoplastic cells. In contrast, no similarity with known anti-Chlamydophila Abs was found. Taken together, these results strongly indicate that OAMZL may originate from B cells selected for their capability to bind Ags and, in particular, auto-Ags. In OAMZL associated with Cp infection, the pathogen likely acts indirectly on the malignant B cells, promoting the development of an inflammatory milieu, where auto-Ags could be exposed and presented, driving proliferation and expansion of self-reactive B cells.

  2. High Expression of Cathepsin D in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas Negatively Impacts on Clinical Outcome

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicotra, Giuseppina; Manfroi, Federica; Follo, Carlo; Castino, Roberta; Fusco, Nicola; Peracchio, Claudia; Kerim, Simonetta; Valente, Guido; Isidoro, Ciro

    2010-01-01

    The lysosomal protease Cathepsin D (CD) has been implicated in the homeostasis of lymphatic tissues. We investigated whether the level of CD expression influences the progression and the clinical outcome in Non-Hodgkin’s Lymphomas (NHLs). The expression of CD was assessed by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence in biopsies of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphomas (DLBCL, 35 cases), Follicular Lymphomas (FL, 9 cases of grade I-II plus 14 cases of grade IIIB), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukaemias (CLL, 17 cases) and Peripheral T-cell Lymphomas (PTCL, 5 cases). CD staining showed a cytoplasmic punctate pattern compatible with its lysosomal localization. Based on the level of CD expression and the proportion of positive cells, lymphomas were classified as ‘low expressing’ ( 40% CD-positive cells compared to that of patients bearing a NHL with < 20% CD-positive cells (~70% at 5 year). This correlation was statistically significant (log-rank test, p = 0.01). In Cox multivariate analysis CD failed to be a prognosticator independent of pathologic stage, though the hazard ratio confirmed the association of low expression with a better survival probability. These data indicate that the presence of a high percentage of CD-positive tumor cells negatively reflects on the progression of NHLs. PMID:20534902

  3. Borrelia burgdorferi-associated lymphocytoma cutis simulating a primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grange, Florent; Wechsler, Janine; Guillaume, Jean-Claude; Tortel, Jacques; Tortel, Marie-Claire; Audhuy, Bruno; Jaulhac, Benoit; Cerroni, Lorenzo

    2002-10-01

    The distinction between primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma and B-cell pseudolymphoma on a histologic basis may be difficult, particularly in some cases of Borrelia burgdorferi-associated lymphoid proliferations. We report two cases of B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma that showed a dense infiltrate with a predominance of large atypical B cells. Because of this misleading histologic feature, a diagnosis of primary cutaneous large B-cell lymphoma was first suspected in both cases. In one case, successive recurrences led to aggressive therapies before the B. burgdorferi infection was recognized. However, a detailed review of histologic and immunohistochemical features was finally suggestive of a B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma in both cases. The etiologic role of B. burgdorferi was confirmed by serology, polymerase chain reaction analysis of B. burgdorferi DNA within the lesional skin, and response to antibiotic therapy. Because the distinction between B. burgdorferi-associated pseudolymphoma and primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas may be difficult and true B. burgdorferi-associated B-cell lymphomas have been described, we suggest that antibiotic therapy should be considered as a first-line treatment in suspected or confirmed cases of primary cutaneous B-cell lymphoma in regions with endemic B. burgdorferi infection.

  4. The classification of lymphomas and leukemias.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ottensmeier, C

    2001-06-01

    Classifications of lymphomas and leukemias have developed from two distinct clinical needs - to understand the natural history of these diseases in order to predict outcome and to make treatment decisions in a rational fashion. The utility of classifications for research on etiology of these diseases has not guided their development in the past. The classification of leukemias and lymphomas has undergone dramatic changes with increasing understanding of the development of the normal immune cells. Historically, the first entity to be recognised was Hodgkin disease. Other malignancies of the lymphatic system were then called 'Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas' (NHL), a distinction that remains valid even today. Cancers that tend not to form distinct masses but usually present with a raised white blood cell count were called leukemias. As knowledge has improved, however, the early juxtaposition of leukemias versus lymphomas has lost relevance, since often the same entity can present in either way. With better understanding the terms 'lymphosarcoma' and 'reticulosarcoma', which were earlier widely applied have been replaced by more precise terminology. Different classifications have been put forward over the years. The 'Revised European and American Classification of Lymphoid Neoplasms' and the derived WHO classification are structured to mirror normal B/T-cell differentiation. In these modern classifications, distinct disease entities are defined based on the combination of morphology, immunological and molecular techniques and clinical features. The proposed major groups of lymphoid neoplasms are B-cell lymphomas/leukemias, T/Natural Killer-cell lymphomas/leukemias and Hodgkin disease. About 20 entities are recognised. This provides for the first time a truly international view of lymphomas and leukemias. It has emerged that such a classification can be used successfully by expert hematopathologists and yields highly reproducible results. It is also clear that no single marker

  5. Prognostic factors in non-Hodgkin lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Zattar Cecyn

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXT: In Hodgkin's disease, each clinical or pathologic stage can be related to the extent of the area involved and predicts the next anatomical region at risk for tumor dissemination. OBJECTIVE: To determine the best prognostic factors that could predict survival in non-Hodgkin lymphoma cases. DESIGN: A retrospective study. LOCATION: Department of Hematology and Transfusion Medicine, Universidade Federal de São Paulo - Escola Paulista de Medicina. PARTICIPANTS: 142 patients with non-Hodgkin lymphoma diagnosed between February 1988 and March 1993. MAIN MEASUREMENTS: Histological subset, Sex, Age, Race, B symptoms, Performance status, Stage, Extranodal disease, Bulk disease, Mediastinal disease, CNS involvement, BM infiltration, Level of DHL, Immunophenotype. RESULTS: In the first study (113 patients, the following variables had a worse influence on survival: yellow race (P<0.1; ECOG II, III e IV (P<0.1 and extranodal disease (P<0.1 for high grade lymphomas; constitutional symptoms (P<0.1, ECOG II, III e IV (P<0.1 and involvement of CNS (P<0.1 for intermediate grade and the subtype lymphoplasmocytoid (P=0.0186 for low grade lymphomas. In the second survey (93 patients, when treatment was included, the variables related to NHL survival were: CNS involvement (P<0.1 for high grade lymphomas, constitutional symptoms (P<0.1, ECOG II, III, IV (P=0.0185 and also CNS involvement (P<0.1 for the intermediate group. There were no variables related to the survival for low-grade lymphomas. CONCLUSIONS: The intermediate grade lymphomas were more compatible with data found in the literature, probably because of the larger number of patients. In this specific case, the treatment did not have an influence on the survival.

  6. Malt lymphoma of the parotid salivary gland

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krasić Dragan

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma was described for the first time in 1983 by Isaacson and Wright. It was classified into extranodal non-Hodkin's lymphomas of B-cell lymphocytes of the marginal zone of reactive lymphe follicles. It is characterized by both hyperplasia and colonization of plasmocytic, centrocytoid and monocytoid cells, by the infiltration of interfollicular and parafollicular parts of interstitium, as well as by the invasion of clusters of neoplastic lymphoid cells of the glandular epithelium, forming the pathognomic lymphoepithelial MALT limphoma lesions. Case report. In this paper we presented the two female patients, 59 and 75 years of age, with MALT lymphomas, associated with Miculicz's and Sjögren's syndromes. The paper also underlined rather manymonth- long, indolent clinical course, evalution of both tumors, massive in size, as well as two-sided localization in the case of the Miculicz's syndrome. After the subtotal parotidectomy, using conservation of nerve facialis, the tissue blocks were fixed in 10% formaldehyde. The paraffine sections were stained by routine histochemical and an immunohistochemical method by using monoclonal antibodies for both B-cell and T-cell lymphomas, due to the verification of lymphoepithelial lesions. The MALT lymphoma diagnosis was based on the histological criteria and confirmed by an immunohistochemical method. After the surgical therapy accompanied by chemotherapy, the patients were controlled at regular intervals, and residual MALT lymphoma did not appear. Conclusion. MALT lymphoma is a rare tumor of the salivary glands, with the most frequent localization in the parotide gland. It had a slow clinical course, without metastases in both patients. The diagnosis was made pathohistologically and confirmed immunohistochemically. The surgical therapy was accompained by adjuvant chemotherapy.

  7. Composite lymphoma of peripheral T-cell lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma, mixed cellularity type; pathological and molecular analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, Ayako; Miyoshi, Hiroaki; Yamauchi, Takuji; Arakawa, Fumiko; Kawano, Riko; Muta, Hiroko; Sugita, Yasuo; Akashi, Koichi; Ohshima, Koichi

    2017-04-01

    Composite lymphomas (CLs) are defined as two unrelated lymphomas occurring at the same time within the same tissue. The incidence of these tumors is low. Of all possible combinations between lymphomas, the least frequent are the ones combining peripheral T-cell lymphoma (PTCL) and Hodgkin lymphoma (HL). We recently identified five cases of CL composed of PTCL and classical HL, mixed cellularity type. We investigated histological and clinical features of these cases. Immunostaining was performed on paraffin sections. PTCL cells were positive for CD8 and TIA-1 in four of the five cases. Hodgkin and Reed-Sternberg (HRS) cells were positive for CD30 and weakly positive for PAX5 in all cases, positive for CD15 in three of five cases, positive for CD20 in one of five cases, and negative for EBER. Monoclonal rearrangement of the T-cell receptor (TCR) and immunoglobulin heavy chain (IGH) genes was confirmed by polymerase chain reaction (PCR) using whole paraffin sections. We concluded more precisely the monoclonality of the IGH rearrangement of HRS cells based on single-cell PCR for IGH and DNA sequencing analysis after laser microdissection of single cells in one case. HL can occur in CD8-positive and TIA-1-positive PTCL. Clinicians should recognize the possibility of these CL. © 2017 Japanese Society of Pathology and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd.

  8. Case Report of Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma of Uterine Cervix Treated at a Semiurban Cancer Centre in North India

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    Vibhor Sharma

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Lymphoma of the uterine cervix is very rare. We report a case of diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLBCL involving the uterine cervix treated at a newly commissioned semiurban cancer centre in north India in 2015. Data for this study was obtained from the hospital electronic medical records and the patient’s case file. We also reviewed published case reports of uterine and cervical lymphoma involving forty-one patients. We treated a case of stage IV DLBCL cervix with six cycles of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisolone and intrathecal methotrexate followed by consolidation with radiotherapy. The patient showed complete response to chemotherapy. We conclude that, in advanced stage lymphoma involving uterus and cervix, combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy is effective in short term.

  9. Enhancer mutations of Akv murine leukemia virus inhibit the induction of mature B-cell lymphomas and shift disease specificity towards the more differentiated plasma cell stage

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Karina Dalsgaard; Kunder, Sandra; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia

    2007-01-01

    This study investigates the role of the proviral transcriptional enhancer for B-lymphoma induction by exogenous Akv murine leukemia virus. Infection of newborn inbred NMRI mice with Akv induced 35% plasma cell proliferations (PCPs) (consistent with plasmacytoma), 33% diffuse large B-cell lymphomas......, 25% follicular B-cell lymphomas and few splenic marginal zone and small B-cell lymphomas. Deleting one copy of the 99-bp proviral enhancer sequence still allowed induction of multiple B-cell tumor types, although PCPs dominated (77%). Additional mutation of binding sites for the glucocorticoid...... showed that many of the tumors/cell proliferations induced by each virus were polyclonal. Our results indicate that enhancer mutations weaken the ability of Akv to induce mature B-cell lymphomas prior to the plasma cell stage, whereas development of plasma cell proliferations is less dependent of viral...

  10. Analysis of the utility of diffusion-weighted MRI and apparent diffusion coefficient values in distinguishing central nervous system toxoplasmosis from lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Schroeder, Paul C.; Donovan Post, M. Judith; Bruce-Gregorios, Jocelyn [University of Miami, Jackson Memorial Hospital, Miami, FL (United States); Oschatz, Elizabeth; Stadler, Alfred; Thurnher, Majda M. [Medical University of Vienna, Department of Radiology Neuroradiology Section, Vienna (Austria)

    2006-10-15

    Toxoplasmosis and lymphoma are common lesions of the central nervous system in patients with AIDS. It is often difficult to distinguish between these lesions both clinically and radiographically. Previous research has demonstrated restricted diffusion within cerebral lymphomas and bacterial abscesses. However, little work has been done to evaluate the diffusion characteristics of toxoplasmosis lesions. This study was designed to explore further the utility of diffusion-weighted imaging (DWI) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC) maps and values in making the distinction between toxoplasmosis and lymphoma. The magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) studies of 36 patients, including 22 with toxoplasmosis (all of whom had AIDS) and 14 with lymphoma (8 of whom had AIDS), at two institutions were reviewed retrospectively. The characteristics of the lesions on DWI were evaluated, and the ADC ratios of the lesions were calculated and compared. There was significant overlap of the ADC ratios of toxoplasma and lymphoma, most notably in the intermediate (1.0-1.6) range. There was variability in ADC ratios even among different lesions in the same patient. In only a minority of the lymphoma patients were the ADC ratios low enough to suggest the correct diagnosis. Our study showed that toxoplasmosis exhibits a wide spectrum of diffusion characteristics with ADC ratios which have significant overlap with those of lymphoma. Therefore, in the majority of patients, ADC ratios are not definitive in making the distinction between toxoplasmosis and lymphoma. (orig.)

  11. Marginal zone lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue with prominent plasma cell differentiation affecting the palatine tonsil: histopathological and immunohistochemical analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlos Bregni, Román; Nuyens, Michel; Vassallo, José; Soares, Fernando Augusto; Romañach, Mário José; León, Jorge Esquiche; Almeida, Oslei Paes

    2012-04-01

    Non-Hodgkin lymphomas (NHLs) of the oral cavity and oropharynx constitute 13% of all primary extranodal NHLs. Marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of the mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma) in the palatine tonsil is rare, corresponding to 6% of the NHLs of the Waldeyer ring. Some cases of MALT lymphoma can present prominent plasma cell differentiation, and less commonly, monoclonal gammopathy. The differential diagnosis of these cases from other NHLs with plasmacytic differentiation or plasma cell neoplasms is very difficult. In this article, we describe a rare case of MALT lymphoma in a 34-year-old man presenting as a swelling of the palatine tonsil. The tumor mass was diagnosed as MALT lymphoma with prominent plasma cell differentiation. Systemic evaluation was noncontributory. This is the first report of MALT lymphoma showing extensive plasmacytic differentiation of the palatine tonsil, and reinforces a possible relationship between extramedullary plasmacytoma and MALT lymphoma. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  12. Successful treatment of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma in a patient with gastric and rectal lesions with metachronous and ectopic development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hajime Umezu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available A 75-year-old female, who had an abnormal stomach x-ray finding, was admitted to the hospital for further examination and therapy. Upper GI endoscopy showed reddish and swollen folds on the greater curvature of the gastric body and a biopsy was of this lesion revealed malignant lymphoma (small cell type or mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma suspected. The patient was infected with Helicobacter pylori (H. pylori, however, in response to the patient’s wishes, a total gastrectomy, omentectomy and splenectomy were performed and the histological diagnosis was gastric MALT lymphoma. Two courses of CHOP therapy (cyclophosphamide (CPM 750 mg/m2/day, day 1, adriamycin (ADM 50 mg/m2/day, day 1, vincristine sulfate (VCR 1.4 mg/m2/day, day 1, prednisolone 100 mg/body, day 1-5 were administered as adjuvant chemotherapy. A colonoscopic examination performed about 4.5 yr after the operation revealed rectal submucosal tumors and the biopsied specimens were diagnosed as malignant lymphoma. A transanal focal resection was performed and the histological diagnosis was metachronous and ectopic development of MALT lymphoma. The histological finding was similar to the gastric lesion. About 4 and 7 yr after the first development of rectal MALT lymphoma, MALT lymphomas developed repeatedly in the rectal lesion, however, these were resected repeatedly and no developmenthas occurred during the past two years. This report presents a very rare case of metachronous and ectopic MALT lymphoma de

  13. Bilateral adrenal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma with adrenal insufficiency

    OpenAIRE

    Ellis, R.; D.; Read

    2000-01-01

    A 74 year old women presented with lethargy and weight loss and was found to have profound adrenal insufficiency and bilateral adrenal mass lesions. Histological examination revealed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. There was no evidence of lymphoma outside the adrenal glands. Isolated bilateral adrenal masses may rarely be due to primary adrenal non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, which is often associated with adrenal insufficiency.


Keywords: lymphoma; adrenal insufficiency

  14. Head and Neck Lymphoma in an Iranian Population

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    Nafiseh Shamloo

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: This study is aimed to assess the prevalence and characteristics of head and neck lymphoma in a defined group of an Iranian population.   Materials and Methods: In this retrospective study, 126,450 biopsy reports from two referral Pathology Departments, (Tehran, the capital of Iran were evaluated. In cases with head and neck lymphoma, other variables such as age, sex, specific location of lesions, and histopathological findings were recorded. Descriptive statistics were used to measure the prevalence and characteristics of head and neck lymphoma by means of SPSS soft ware, version 18.   Results: In total, 513 (0.4% cases had head and neck lymphoma (46.9% male, 27.1% female with a mean age of 46±6.2. Of the total lesions, 200 (0.15% were Hodgkin lymphoma and 313 (0.25% were non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Nodular sclerosis was the most common (62.5% histopathological subtype among Hodgkin lymphoma. In non-Hodgkin lymphoma, diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (62.3% had the highest frequency.  In Hodgkin disease, classic Hodgkin lymphocytic rich, mixed cellularity, and lymphocyte depletion were only seen in the neck compartment. Bone involvement was only found in Hodgkin nodular lymphocytic predominant variation. In non-Hodgkin lymphoma, the tongue, palate, and vestibular mucosa were affected only by diffuse large B-cell lymphoma. Jaw bones were only involved with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma compared to other bony structures. T-cell lymphoma and mucosal associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma were also found.   Conclusion: Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma is the most common subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma especially in the tongue, palate, vestibular mucosa, and jaw bones.

  15. Primary bone lymphoma with multiple vertebral involvement

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Showkat Hussain Dar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 20-year-old student presented with 2 months history of fever and night sweats, 15 days history of low backache, progressive weakness of both limbs of 7 days duration, and urinary retention for last 24 h. Examination revealed a sensory level at D 10 dermatome and grade two power in both the lower limbs with absent reflexes. Examination of spine revealed a knuckle at T8 level, which was tender on palpation. MRI spine showed erosion of D11-12 and L1 in vertebral bodies with destruction of left pedicles, transverse processes and lamina, and a prominent psoas abscess. Post gadolinium study revealed ring-enhancing lesions in the D11-12 and L1 vertebrae as well as the dural sac. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC and bone biopsy demonstrated a non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma (NHL, large cell high-grade of the spine (primary, which as per age is the youngest case of NHL ever reported in literature with multiple vertebral involvement.

  16. Large B-cell lymphoma arising in cardiac myxoma or intracardiac fibrinous mass: a localized lymphoma usually associated with Epstein-Barr virus?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aguilar, Cristian; Beltran, Brady; Quiñones, Pilar; Carbajal, Tomas; Vilcapaza, Jorge; Yabar, Alejandro; Segura, Pedro; Quintanilla-Martinez, Leticia; Miranda, Roberto N; Castillo, Jorge J

    2015-01-01

    Primary cardiac neoplasms are rare. However, among them, cardiac myxoma is the most common tumor. In contrast, primary cardiac lymphoma within a cardiac myxoma is extremely rare and might be difficult to diagnose because of non-specific clinical manifestations. We report the case of a previously healthy 52-year-old man who presented with acute onset of transient dysarthria and left hemiplegia. A transthoracic echocardiography showed a 6×2.5-cm solid mass in the left atrium, which was subsequently resected. Histological, immunohistochemical, and molecular analyses revealed an EBV-associated CD30-positive large B-cell lymphoma with anaplastic morphology within a cardiac myxoma and fibrinous material. Staging studies showed no evidence of lymphoma elsewhere. The patient achieved complete remission and is alive 42 months after diagnosis, and did not receive chemotherapy. We discuss the clinical and pathologic features of lymphoma arising in cardiac myxoma or in intra-atrial fibrinoid mass and the potential role of IL-6 in its pathogenesis. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  17. Loss of P16 Protein Expression and Its Association with Epstein-Barr Virus LMP-1 Expression in Hodgkin's Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Irshaid, Fawzi; Tarawneh, Khaled; Alshdefat, Aisha; Dilmi, Fatiha; Jaran, Adnan; Al-Hadithi, Raji; Al-Khatib, Ahad

    2013-01-01

    Expression of Epstein-Barr virus Latent Member Protein-1 (EBV LMP-1) and loss of P16 protein expression are documented in lymphoma, indicating a relationship between them, but this relationship is not clear and sometimes contradictory. Thus, this study was conducted to examine the relationship between the loss of P16 and EBV LMP-1 expression in Jordanian patients diagnosed with lymphoma. Sections were made from archival formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded blocks from 55 patients diagnosed with lymphoma. P16 expression and LMP-1 expression were detected by immunohistochemistry using monoclonal antibodies. In Hodgkin's Lymphoma (HL), the loss of P16 was higher in LMP-1 positive cases (61%) than LMP-1 negative cases (25%; P = 0.072). Conversely, in Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma (NHL), none of LMP-1 positive samples showed loss of P16. Furthermore, among LMP-1 HL positive cases, the loss of P16 was more frequent in male (75%) than female (33%). Also, there was a significantly higher proportion of LMP-1 positive cases showing loss of P16 in HL (11:18), compared to those in NHL (0:8, P < 0.001), confirming a difference between HL and NHL, concerning the LMP-1/P16 relationship. A trend for an association between loss of P16 and LMP-1 expression was observed in HL but not NHL patients. These findings suggest that there are molecular and clinical differences in the pathogenesis and development of different subtypes of lymphoma.

  18. Treatment Option Overview (Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma)

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lymphoma that begins in mature T lymphocytes. The T lymphocytes mature in the thymus gland and travel to other parts of the lymph system, such as the lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma : Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma begins in the ...

  19. General Information about Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lymphoma that begins in mature T lymphocytes. The T lymphocytes mature in the thymus gland and travel to other parts of the lymph system, such as the lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma : Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma begins in the ...

  20. Treatment Options for Childhood Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... lymphoma that begins in mature T lymphocytes. The T lymphocytes mature in the thymus gland and travel to other parts of the lymph system, such as the lymph nodes, bone marrow, and spleen. Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma : Cutaneous T-cell lymphoma begins in the ...

  1. AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AIDS and non AIDS-related malignant lymphoma in Tanzania. ... Method: Cancer registry data was reviewed for retrospective cases. Both retrospective and prospective lymphoma cases were classified ... Ten (40%) high grade ML and three Hodgkin's lymphoma from HIV patients had HHV-8 DNA. These findings were not ...

  2. Primary Testicular Lymphoma In Nigerian Males: Case Report and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Primary Testicular Lymphoma In Nigerian Males: Case Report and Clinicopathological Review. ... A review of cases of primary testicular lymphoma seen within a period of twelve years at the OAUTHC Nigeria was carried out. Three cases of primary testicular ... Key Words: testicular, lymphoma, Non- Hodgkin Nigerian ...

  3. Plasmablastic lymphoma in childhood: A report of two cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Plasmablastic lymphoma is an aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma predominantly seen in adult patients. Only eight cases of plasmablastic lymphoma in children have been published to date. In this report, we present an additional two cases. The first patient was a 9-year-old girl presenting with a nasal mass, while the ...

  4. What You Need to Know about Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Publications Reports What You Need To Know About™ Hodgkin Lymphoma This booklet is about Hodgkin lymphoma. This type of cancer starts in the lymph ... booklet covers: The lymph system and basics about Hodgkin lymphoma Tests you may need to have Treatments for ...

  5. Diffusion-weighted MRI in paediatric oncology: lymphoma and nephroblastoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Littooij, A.S.

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this thesis was to assess the value of MRI including DWI in paediatric lymphoma and nephroblastoma. Part I - lymphoma The use of FDG-PET/CT in staging paediatric lymphoma is generally incorporated into current guidelines.However, the most important disadvantage of FDG-PET/CT is the use of

  6. Pediatric Type Follicular Lymphoma: A Rare Entity with Excellent Prognosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-19

    Expansile irregular follicles. Bottom: Abhorrent CD43 positivity in the irregular follicles. in 34 of 63 cases of follicular lymphoma in children ...34Follicular Lymphomas in Ch~dren and Young Adults A Comparison of the Pediatric Variant With Usual Follicular Lymphoma: The American Journal of

  7. Ibrutinib, lenalidomide, and rituximab in relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma (PHILEMON)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jerkeman, Mats; Eskelund, Christian Winther; Hutchings, Martin

    2018-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Regimens based on ibrutinib alone and lenalidomide and rituximab in combination show high activity in patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma. We hypothesised that the combination of all three drugs would improve efficacy compared with previously published data...... on either regimen alone. METHODS: In this multicentre, open-label, single-arm, phase 2 trial, we enrolled patients aged 18 years or older with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma who had previously been treated with at least one rituximab-containing regimen, an Eastern Cooperative Oncology Group....... The trial is ongoing, but is no longer accruing patients, and is registered with ClinicalTrials.gov, number NCT02460276. FINDINGS: Between April 30, 2015, and June 1, 2016, we enrolled 50 patients with relapsed or refractory mantle cell lymphoma at ten centres in Sweden, Finland, Norway, and Denmark...

  8. Tissue is the issue-sarcoidosis following ABVD chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma: a case report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Subbiah Vivek

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Thirty two year old Caucasian female presented 2 months post partum with fevers, cough and shortness of breath. CT scan of the chest to rule out pulmonary embolism revealed mediastinal lymphadenopathy. Biopsy of the nodes revealed classic Hodgkin's lymphoma and she received ABVD chemotherapy. She was in remission as confirmed by a PET/CT scan. Five months later she had another PET/CT scan which showed areas of hypermetabolism indicating a possible relapse. Biopsy revealed sarcoidosis. She received steroids and 18 months later remained in clinical remission. This rare case of sarcoid following classic Hodgkin's lymphoma illustrates that clinical presentation, physical exam, lab investigations and even PET/CT scans may not be able to discriminate between Hodgkin's lymphoma and sarcoidosis. Tissue biopsy and pathological diagnosis remain the gold standard.

  9. Simultaneous Occurrence of Early Gastric Carcinoma and Mucosa-Associated Lymphoid Tissue Lymphoma of the Omentum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomohiro Murakami

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The simultaneous association of gastric carcinoma with omental mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphoma is a rare event that has not been reported previously. We focused on the hypothetic pathogenetic mechanisms, diagnosis and treatment of this rare condition. A 55-year-old woman with Helicobacter pylori infection underwent distal gastrectomy in our hospital. Three independent early gastric cancers and a mass near the cecum were diagnosed preoperatively. Pathological review of the resected stomach showed three independent early signet ring cell gastric carcinomas, and the mass in the omentum near the cecum was shown to be omental MALT lymphoma. Due to the nature of the patient's disease, she was started on medical eradication of H. pylori. Synchronous gastric adenocarcinoma and omental MALT lymphoma is a rare event. Special attention given to H. pylori-associated gastric cancer patients can avoid misdiagnosis and lead to adequate treatment.

  10. Primary Bone Marrow Large B-cell Lymphoma Presenting with Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sin-Syue Li

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Primary bone marrow lymphoma is an extremely rare disease. Its unusual clinical manifestations, such as hemophagocytic syndrome, frequently delay correct disease diagnosis, thus postponing treatment. Here, we reported a 76-year-old woman presenting with intermittent night fever and jaundice for 2 weeks, accompanied with hepatosplenomegaly and pancytopenia. Despite antibiotics treatment, the patient's fever persisted. Computed tomography showed hepatosplenomegaly without lymphadenopathy, and bone marrow aspiration and biopsy revealed a large B-cell lymphoma (LBCL with hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH. After chemotherapy with rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and prednisolone, both jaundice and pancytopenia recovered to normal. After 6 cycles of chemotherapy, the patient remained in complete remission for 18 months after diagnosis. Our experience indicates that clinicians should consider performing a timely bone marrow examination on patients with unknown fever and pancytopenia, particularly given that delayed diagnosis of primary bone marrow lymphoma can make treatment of this rare disease substantially more challenging.

  11. Proton beam therapy in a patient with cutaneous T cell lymphoma of the penis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iijima, Shigeruko; Fujisawa, Yuji; Horiuchi, Sanae; Takahashi, Hideharu; Ueno, Kenichi; Kitagawa, Toshio; Mori, Naoyoshi

    1987-06-01

    A 68-year-old man had multiple tumors as the relapse sign of cutaneous T cell lymphoma. The patient received proton beam therapy with a total dose of 21 Gy for local recurrent lymphoma on the ventral side of the penis. The tumor began to decrease, with concomitant erosion, by delivering 8 Gy. It completely disappeared at 4 days after the completion of irradiation schedule. The erosion was the severest at one month after that. Hematuria and difficulty in urination were not observed. Postmortem histology showed no evidence of viable cancer cells. The use of conventional radiation may induce radiation injuries to the surrounding critical organ, although lymphoma has been recognized as radiosensitive. In view of no evidence of urethral damage, as observed in this patient, proton beams are considered suitable in radiation treatment for the penis. (Namekawa, K.).

  12. Lymphoma Presenting as Cancer of the Glans Penis: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Konstantinos Stamatiou

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Penile lymphoma is a very rare neoplasm. We report the case of an 82-year-old man who presented with phimosis. The patient also complained of frequent and painful urination. Upon examination a painless penile ulcer and multiple enlarged inguinal lymph nodes were found. The shaft of the penis and the prostate were hard on palpation. Abdominal and transrectal ultrasound examination confirmed the involvement of the penis shaft and the prostate and also revealed involvement of the urinary bladder. Biopsy showed diffuse, large B-cell lymphoma. The patient was treated with systemic chemotherapy with full remission of the disease. We review the literature relevant to penile lymphoma and discuss this uncommon condition.

  13. Pituitary lymphoma developing within pituitary adenoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morita, Ken; Nakamura, Fumihiko; Kamikubo, Yasuhiko; Mizuno, Naoaki; Miyauchi, Masashi; Yamamoto, Go; Nannya, Yasuhito; Ichikawa, Motoshi; Kurokawa, Mineo

    2012-06-01

    Lymphoma occurring in the pituitary gland is an exceedingly infrequent event. Here, we describe a case of pituitary lymphoma complicating recurrent pituitary adenoma. A 56-year-old male with a history of pituitary adenoma was diagnosed with diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) of the left ocular adnexa, which was successfully treated by standard chemotherapy and local radiotherapy. Eight months later, he complained of diplopia and bitemporal hemianopia. Brain magnetic resonance imaging detected a suprasellar tumor. Transsphenoidal biopsy of the mass was performed, and histopathological examination revealed DLBCL admixed with pituitary adenoma. On a review of the literature, we found that pituitary lymphoma developing within adenoma is a recurrent phenomenon. The composite tumor is likely to be characterized by suprasellar involvement and presentation of visual disturbances. Moreover, in the present case, the suprasellar tumor remained visible after autologous peripheral stem cell transplant, likely due to the residual pituitary adenoma. We therefore recommend that refractory pituitary lymphoma should be vigorously biopsied in search of possibly underlying adenoma.

  14. Hodgkin's Lymphoma: A Review of Neurologic Complications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sean Grimm

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Hodgkin's lymphoma is a hematolymphoid neoplasm, primarily of B cell lineage, that has unique histologic, immunophenotypic, and clinical features. Neurologic complications of Hodgkin's Lymphoma can be separated into those that result directly from the disease, indirectly from the disease, or from its treatment. Direct neurologic dysfunction from Hodgkin's Lymphoma results from metastatic intracranial spinal disease, epidural metastases causing spinal cord/cauda equina compression, leptomeningeal metastases, or intradural intramedullary spinal cord metastases. Indirect neurologic dysfunction may be caused by paraneoplastic disorders (such as paraneoplastic cerebellar degeneration or limbic encephalitis and primary angiitis of the central nervous system. Hodgkin's lymphoma treatment typically includes chemotherapy or radiotherapy with potential treatment-related complications affecting the nervous system. Neurologic complications resulting from mantle-field radiotherapy include the “dropped head syndrome,” acute brachial plexopathy, and transient ischemic attacks/cerebral infarcts. Chemotherapy for Hodgkin's lymphoma may cause cerebral infarction (due to emboli from anthracycline-induced cardiomyopathy and peripheral neuropathy.

  15. Targeting indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leslie, Lori A; Skarbnik, Alan P; Bejot, Coleen; Stives, Susan; Feldman, Tatyana A; Goy, Andre H

    2017-04-01

    Due to recent advancements in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of B-cell malignancies, there has been an explosion of innovative agents in development. The purpose of this review is to efficiently summarize novel therapies with activity in indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma (iNHL) targeting surface antigens, signaling pathways, and the tumor microenvironment. Areas covered: A literature search was performed to identify preclinical data and clinical trials focused on the use of targeted therapies in iNHL subtypes including follicular lymphoma, marginal zone lymphoma, small lymphocytic lymphoma, and lymphoplasmacytic lymphoma/Waldenström macroglobulinemia. Classes reviewed include monoclonal antibodies, antibody-drug conjugates, immunomodulatory agents, B-cell receptor pathway inhibitors, Bcl-2 inhibitors, checkpoint inhibitors, chromatin and epigenetic modulating agents, and CAR T-cells. Expert commentary: Opinions regarding strategies to address the prioritization of novel agents entering clinical development, the determination of rational combination therapy, the development of novel endpoints to expedite clinical development, and the movement towards novel consolidative approaches with immuno- and cellular therapy in an attempt to provide curative treatment options are provided. Also, the economic impact of indefinite therapy is discussed.

  16. Aggressive Peripheral CD70-positive T-cell Lymphoma Associated with Severe Chronic Active EBV Infection

    OpenAIRE

    Shaffer, Donald R; Sheehan, Andrea M; Yi, Zhongzhen; Rodgers, Cheryl C; Bollard, Catherine M.; Brenner, Malcolm K.; Rooney, Cliona M.; Heslop, Helen E.; Gottschalk, Stephen

    2011-01-01

    Severe chronic active Epstein-Barr virus infection (CAEBV) in T or NK cells is a rare complication of latent EBV infection. CAEBV associated T-cell lymphoproliferative disease (LPD) consists of polyclonal lesions as well as aggressive lymphomas. Here we report such a patient. In addition, we show that this primary CAEBV associated T-cell lymphoma expresses CD70 and is sensitive to killing by CD70-specific T cells, identifying CD70 as a potential immunotherapeutic target for CAEBV-associated T...

  17. Primary bone lymphoma of the distal tibia mimicking brodie's abscess

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jina; Lee, Seung Hun; Joo, Kyung Bin; Park, Chan Kum [Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15

    The 'penumbra sign' on an unenhanced T1-weighted image is a well-known characteristic of Brodie's abscess, and this sign is extremely helpful for discriminating subacute osteomyelitis from other bone lesions. We present a case of primary bone lymphoma of the distal tibia mimicking subacute osteomyelitis with Brodie's abscess in a 50-year-old woman. Initial radiographs and MRI showed a lesion in the distal tibia consistent with Brodie's abscess with the penumbra sign. Histopathological examination of the surgical biopsy specimen confirmed the presence of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving the bone.

  18. Natural History Study of Monoclonal B Cell Lymphocytosis (MBL), Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia/Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma (CLL/SLL), Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma (LPL)/Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia (WM), and Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma (SMZL)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-09

    B-Cell Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Monoclonal B-Cell Lymphocytosis; Lymhoma, Small Lymphocytic; Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia; Lymphoplasmacytic Lymphoma; Waldenstrom Macroglobulinemia; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma

  19. Masquerade Syndrome of Multicentre Primary Central Nervous System Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvana Guerriero

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. In Italy we say that the most unlucky things can happen to physicians when they get sick, despite the attention of colleagues. To confirm this rumor, we report the sad story of a surgeon with bilateral vitreitis and glaucoma unresponsive to traditional therapies. Methods/Design. Case report. Results. After one year of steroidal and immunosuppressive therapy, a vitrectomy, and a trabeculectomy for unresponsive bilateral vitreitis and glaucoma, MRI showed a multicentre primary central nervous system lymphoma, which was the underlying cause of the masquerade syndrome. Conclusions. All ophthalmologists and clinicians must be aware of masquerade syndromes, in order to avoid delays in diagnosis.

  20. Simultaneous Renal Oncocytoma and Lymphoma: Interest of Lymphadenectomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Orcurto

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Kidney lesions may be difficult to diagnose only by radiological exams, often requiring proof by tissue biopsy. Moreover, if enlarged regional lymph nodes are also present, the spectrum of differential diagnoses is even greater. The role of regional lymph node dissection in this setting is not clearly established. We show the case of a patient with a kidney mass associated with a conglomerate of para-aortic and iliac lymphadenopathies corresponding to an oncocytoma and a nodular lymphocyte predominant Hodgkin' lymphoma, respectively. Diagnosis of these two lesions was performed by morphology and immunohistochemistry. This case reflects how imaging can mislead to diagnosis and how histological confirmation helps decide treatment management.

  1. Masquerade syndrome of multicentre primary central nervous system lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Guerriero, Silvana; Giancipoli, Ermete; Ciracì, Lorenza; Ingravallo, Giuseppe; Prete, Marcella; Di Leo, Elisabetta; Cimmino, Antonietta; Cardascia, Nicola

    2011-01-01

    Purpose. In Italy we say that the most unlucky things can happen to physicians when they get sick, despite the attention of colleagues. To confirm this rumor, we report the sad story of a surgeon with bilateral vitreitis and glaucoma unresponsive to traditional therapies. Methods/Design. Case report. Results. After one year of steroidal and immunosuppressive therapy, a vitrectomy, and a trabeculectomy for unresponsive bilateral vitreitis and glaucoma, MRI showed a multicentre primary central nervous system lymphoma, which was the underlying cause of the masquerade syndrome. Conclusions. All ophthalmologists and clinicians must be aware of masquerade syndromes, in order to avoid delays in diagnosis.

  2. Discrimination of different brain metastases and primary CNS lymphomas using morphologic criteria and diffusion tensor imaging

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bette, S.; Wiestler, B.; Huber, T.; Boeckh-Behrens, T.; Zimmer, C.; Kirschke, J. [Technical University Munich, Klinikum rechts der Isar (Germany). Dept. of Neuroradiology; Delbridge, C. [Technical University Munich, Klinikum rechts der Isar (Germany). Dept. of Neuropathology; Meyer, B.; Gempt, J. [Technical University Munich, Klinikum rechts der Isar (Germany). Dept. of Neurosurgery

    2016-12-15

    Brain metastases are a common complication of cancer and occur in about 15-40% of patients with malignancies. The aim of this retrospective study was to differentiate between metastases from different primary tumors/CNS lymphyomas using morphologic criteria, fractional anisotropy (FA) and apparent diffusion coefficient (ADC). Morphologic criteria such as hemorrhage, cysts, pattern of contrast enhancement and location were reported in 200 consecutive patients with brain metastases/primary CNS lymphomas. FA and ADC values were measured in regions of interest (ROIs) placed in the contrast-enhancing tumor part, the necrosis and the non-enhancing peritumoral region (NEPTR). Differences between histopathological subtypes of metastases were analyzed using non-parametric tests, decision trees and hierarchical clustering analysis. Significant differences were found in morphologic criteria such as hemorrhage or pattern of contrast enhancement. In diffusion measurements, significant differences between the different tumor entities were only found in ADC analyzed in the contrast-enhancing tumor part. Among single tumor entities, primary CNS lymphomas showed significantly lower median ADC values in the contrast-enhancing tumor part (ADC{sub lymphoma} 0.92 [0.83-1.07] vs. ADC{sub no} {sub lymphoma} 1.35 [1.10-1.64] P=0.001). Further differentiation between types of metastases was not possible using FA and ADC. There were morphologic differences among the main subtypes of brain metastases/CNS lymphomas. However, due to a high variability of common types of metastases and low specificity, prospective differentiation remained challenging. DTI including FA and ADC was not a reliable tool for differentiation between different histopathological subtypes of brain metastases except for CNS lymphomas showing lower ADC values. Biopsy, surgery and staging remain essential for diagnosis.

  3. Biological characterization of adult MYC-translocation-positive mature B-cell lymphomas other than molecular Burkitt lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Aukema, Sietse M.; Kreuz, Markus; Kohler, Christian W.; Rosolowski, Maciej; Hasenclever, Dirk; Hummel, Michael; Kueppers, Ralf; Lenze, Dido; Ott, German; Pott, Christiane; Richter, Julia; Rosenwald, Andreas; Szczepanowski, Monika; Schwaenen, Carsten; Stein, Harald; Trautmann, Heiko; Wessendorf, Swen; Truemper, Lorenz; Loeffler, Markus; Spang, Rainer; Kluin, Philip M.; Klapper, Wolfram; Siebert, Reiner

    Chromosomal translocations affecting the MYC oncogene are the biological hallmark of Burkitt lymphomas but also occur in a subset of other mature B-cell lymphomas. If accompanied by a chromosomal break targeting the BCL2 and/or BCL6 oncogene these MYC translocation-positive (MYC+) lymphomas are

  4. Blood Sample Markers of Reproductive Hormones in Assessing Ovarian Reserve in Younger Patients With Newly Diagnosed Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-05-05

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Adult Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Anaplastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Angioimmunoblastic T-cell Lymphoma; Childhood Burkitt Lymphoma; Childhood Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Childhood Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Childhood Nasal Type Extranodal NK/T-cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Contiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Hepatosplenic T-cell Lymphoma; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Noncontiguous Stage II Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Noncutaneous Extranodal Lymphoma; Peripheral T-cell Lymphoma; Progressive Hairy Cell Leukemia, Initial Treatment; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone

  5. SU-F-R-13: Decoding 18F-FDG Uptake Heterogeneity for Primary and Lymphoma Tumors by Using Texture Analysis in PET Images

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, C; Yin, Y [Shandong Cancer Hospital and Institute, Jinan, Shandong (China)

    2016-06-15

    Purpose: To explore 18F-FDG uptake heterogeneity of primary tumor and lymphoma tumor by texture features of PET image and quantify the heterogeneity difference between primary tumor and lymphoma tumor. Methods: 18 patients with primary tumor and lymphoma tumor in lung cancer were enrolled. All patients underwent whole-body 18F-FDG PET/CT scans before treatment. Texture features, based on Gray-level Co-occurrence Matrix, second and high order matrices are extracted from code using MATLAB software to quantify 18F-FDG uptake heterogeneity. The relationships of volume between energy, entropy, correlation, homogeneity and contrast were analyzed. Results: For different cases, tumor heterogeneity was not the same. Texture parameters (contrast, entropy, and correlation) of lymphoma were lower than primary tumor. On the contrast, the texture parameters (energy, homogeneity and inverse different moment) of lymphoma were higher than primary tumor. Significantly, correlations were observed between volume and energy (primary, r=−0.194, p=0.441; lymphoma, r=−0.339, p=0.582), homogeneity (primary, r=−0.146, p=0.382; lymphoma, r=−0.193, p=0.44), inverse difference moment (primary, r=−0.14, p=0.374; lymphoma, r=−0.172, p=0.414) and a positive correlation between volume and entropy (primary, r=0.233, p=0.483; lymphoma, r=0.462, p=0.680), contrast (primary, r=0.159, p=0.399; lymphoma, r=0.341, p=0.584), correlation (primary, r=0.027, p=0.165; lymphoma, r=0.046, p=0.215). For the same patient, energy for primary and lymphoma tumor is equal. The volume of lymphoma is smaller than primary tumor, but the homogeneity were higher than primary tumor. Conclusion: This study showed that there were effective heterogeneity differences between primary and lymphoma tumor by FDG-PET image texture analysis.

  6. Synthesis and Characterization of Biomimetic High Density Lipoprotein Nanoparticles To Treat Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Damiano, Marina Giacoma

    High density lipoproteins (HDLs), natural nanoparticles that function as vehicles for cholesterol transport, have enhanced uptake by several human cancers. This uptake is mediated, in part, by the high affinity HDL receptor, scavenger receptor B-1 (SR-B1). More specifically, studies show that the rate of cellular proliferation of lymphoma, a cancer of the lymphocytes, is directly proportional to the amount of HDL-cholesterol available. Thus, targeting of HDL-cholesterol uptake by these cells could be an effective therapeutic approach that may have lower toxicity to healthy cells compared to conventional therapies. Biomimetic HDL can be synthesized using a gold nanoparticle template (HDL-AuNPs), which provides control over size, shape, and surface chemistry. Like their natural counterparts, HDL-AuNPs sequester cholesterol. However, since the gold nanoparticle replaces the cholesterol core of natural HDL, HDL-AuNPs inherently deliver less cholesterol. We show that HDL-AuNPs are able to induce dose dependent apoptosis in B cell lymphoma cell lines and reduce tumor volume following systemic administration to mice bearing B cell lymphoma tumors. Furthermore, HDL-AuNPs are neither toxic to healthy human lymphocytes (SR-B1-), nor to hepatocytes and macrophages (SR-B1+), which are cells naturally encountered by HDLs. Manipulation of cholesterol flux and targeting of SR-B1 are responsible for the efficacy of HDL-AuNPs against B cell lymphoma. HDL-AuNPs could be used to treat B cell lymphomas and other diseases that involve pathologic accumulation of cholesterol. Titanium dioxide nanoparticle (TiO2 NP) core HDLs (HDL-TiO 2 NPs) have been synthesized for high resolution cellular localization studies and for future use as a therapeutic and imaging agent. In initial studies, HDL-TiO(2 NPs display maximum uptake in B cell lymphoma cell lines. X-ray fluorescence microscopy studies show interaction between HDL-TiO2 NPs and cells 10 minutes after treatment and internalization after

  7. Epstein–Barr virus-associated lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shannon-Lowe, Claire; Rickinson, Alan B.

    2017-01-01

    Epstein–Barr virus (EBV), originally discovered through its association with Burkitt lymphoma, is now aetiologically linked to a remarkably wide range of lymphoproliferative lesions and malignant lymphomas of B-, T- and NK-cell origin. Some occur as rare accidents of virus persistence in the B lymphoid system, while others arise as a result of viral entry into unnatural target cells. The early finding that EBV is a potent B-cell growth transforming agent hinted at a simple oncogenic mechanism by which this virus could promote lymphomagenesis. In reality, the pathogenesis of EBV-associated lymphomas involves a complex interplay between different patterns of viral gene expression and cellular genetic changes. Here we review recent developments in our understanding of EBV-associated lymphomagenesis in both the immunocompetent and immunocompromised host. This article is part of the themed issue ‘Human oncogenic viruses’. PMID:28893938

  8. Epstein-Barr virus and Burkitt lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rowe, Martin; Fitzsimmons, Leah; Bell, Andrew I

    2014-01-01

    In 1964, a new herpesvirus, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV), was discovered in cultured tumor cells derived from a Burkitt lymphoma (BL) biopsy taken from an African patient. This was a momentous event that reinvigorated research into viruses as a possible cause of human cancers. Subsequent studies demonstrated that EBV was a potent growth-transforming agent for primary B cells, and that all cases of BL carried characteristic chromosomal translocations resulting in constitutive activation of the c-MYC oncogene. These results hinted at simple oncogenic mechanisms that would make Burkitt lymphoma paradigmatic for cancers with viral etiology. In reality, the pathogenesis of this tumor is rather complicated with regard to both the contribution of the virus and the involvement of cellular oncogenes. Here, we review the current understanding of the roles of EBV and c-MYC in the pathogenesis of BL and the implications for new therapeutic strategies to treat this lymphoma. PMID:25418195

  9. Burkitt’s Lymphoma: Thorax to Pelvis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-01-01

    Burkitt’s lymphoma is a sub-group of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma of high-grade with an aggressive clinical course and is composed of diffuse, small and non-cleaved, undifferentiated malignant cells of lymphoid origin. Dennis Burkitt first described this entity in 1956 in equatorial Africa. It is one of the fastest growing cancers in humans with a growth fraction close to 100%. It commonly occurs in children and young adults, with frequent involvement of bone marrow and central nervous system. These are considered to be medical emergencies and require immediate diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. In this report, we present a case of Burkitt’s lymphoma with unusual presentation with the involvement of both thorax and the whole of the abdomen.

  10. Obinutuzumab for the treatment of indolent lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Edelmann, Jennifer; Gribben, John G

    2016-08-01

    Obinutuzumab is a humanized, type II anti-CD20 monoclonal antibody designed for strong induction of direct cell death and antibody-dependent cell-mediated cytotoxicity. The Phase III GADOLIN trial tested the clinical efficacy of obinutuzumab plus bendamustine followed by obinutuzumab monotherapy in rituximab-refractory indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma versus treatment with bendamustine alone. It demonstrated significantly longer progression-free survival for the obinutuzumab-containing regimen in this difficult to treat patient group. Based on the results of this trial, US FDA approval was most recently granted for obinutuzumab in the treatment of follicular lymphoma that has relapsed after or was refractory to a rituximab-containing regimen. This article summarizes the available data on chemistry, pharmacokinetics, clinical efficacy and safety of obinutuzumab in the treatment of indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma.

  11. Show-Bix &

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2014-01-01

    The anti-reenactment 'Show-Bix &' consists of 5 dias projectors, a dial phone, quintophonic sound, and interactive elements. A responsive interface will enable the Dias projectors to show copies of original dias slides from the Show-Bix piece ”March på Stedet”, 265 images in total. The copies...... are made from digital scans of the original dias slides located in the collection of the Museum of Contemporary Art in Roskilde. In front of the audience entering the space and placed on it’s own stand, is an original 60s style telephone with turning dial. Action begins when the audience lift the phone...... and dial a number. Any number will make the Dias change. All numbers are also assigned to specific sound documents: clips form rare interviews and the complete sound-re-enactment of the Show-Bix piece ‘Omringning’ (‘Surrounding’) in five channels (a quintophonie). This was originally produced...

  12. Show and Tell

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    Fredag d. 1 november blev Kunsthal Charlottenborg indtaget af performanceprogrammet Show & Tell med et bredspektret program af danske og internationale kunstnere indenfor performance-, lyd- og installationskunst. Programmet præsenterer værker, der undersøger kroppens stadig mere symbiotiske forhold...... og studienævnet på Performance-design. Show & Tell - Performance program: kl. 16.30-19 Adresse: Kunsthal Charlottenborg, Nyhavn 2, 1051 København K...

  13. Immunotherapy with rituximab in follicular lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saguna, Carmen; Mut, Ileana Delia; Lupu, Anca Roxana; Tevet, Mihaela; Bumbea, Horia; Dragan, Cornel

    2011-04-01

    Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL) represent a recent and fascinating domain of hemato-oncology, in which remarkable progress has been made. The conventional treatments of indolent lymphomas do not extend the survival rate, nor do they cure. Recent directions are centered on using several new drugs that are capable of overcoming the mechanisms that are resistant to recovery. The initiation of immunotherapy (Rituximab in 1997) seems to have changed the natural evolution of follicular lymphomas (FL). It is possible that resistance to healing in follicular lymphomas may be neutralized with Rituximab by suppressing STAT-1 positive macrophages that are present in the cellular microenvironment.Thereinafter, the re-evaluation of recent models of prognostic and therapeutic paradigmas that were used in FL became compulsory.The purpose of the paper is to compare the evolution of patients with follicular lymphoma and the period of response, according to the treatments. The study group consisted of the 71 patients diagnosed with follicular lymphoma, out of a total of 767 malignant lymphatic proliferations with B cells, for a period of 7 years (2002-2008), at the Hematology Department, Hospital Coltea, Bucharest and Hematology Department, Universitary Hospital, BucharestResults and conclusions: Combining chemotherapy with Rituximab had better results compared to the same chemotherapy, administered alone, both in induction and in case of relapse. The overall response rate in our study group was 74.7%, out of which 42.3% complete remissions. The overall response rate was 84.61% in the Rituximab group, compared to 68.88% in patients without Rituximab.

  14. Hodgkin lymphoma is as common as non-Hodgkin lymphoma in HIV-positive patients with sustained viral suppression and limited immune deficiency: a prospective cohort study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoffmann, C; Hentrich, M; Gillor, D; Behrens, G; Jensen, B; Stoehr, A; Esser, S; van Lunzen, J; Krznaric, I; Müller, M; Oette, M; Hensel, M; Thoden, J; Fätkenheuer, G; Wyen, C

    2015-04-01

    The incidence of HIV-related non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) but not that of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has been declining. The aim of the study was to compare HIV-infected patients with NHL and HL with respect to antiretroviral therapy (ART) exposure at the time of lymphoma diagnosis. HIV-infected patients with NHL and HL included in a prospective multicentre cohort study since January 2005 were compared with respect to ART exposure and viral load at the time of lymphoma diagnosis. As of 31 December 2012, data for 329 patients with NHL and 86 patients with HL from 31 participating centres were available. Patients with HL were more likely to be on ART (73.5% vs. 39.1%, respectively; P  12 months and a CD4 cell count of > 200 cells/μL. Of note, 45.8% of all patients with NHL were not currently on ART and had a CD4 count of < 350 cells/μL. This prospective cohort study shows that HL was as common as NHL in patients with sustained viral suppression and limited immune deficiency. In contrast to NHL, the majority of patients with HL were on effective ART, suggesting that ART provides insufficient protection from developing HL. The high proportion of untreated patients with NHL suggests missed opportunities for earlier initiation of ART. © 2014 British HIV Association.

  15. Imaging of Burkitt′s lymphoma-abdominal manifestations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hanuman Satishchandra

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Burkitt′s lymphoma is an uncommon form of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in adults. The diagnostic workup for Burkitt′s lymphoma includes radiological imaging and like any other form of non-Hodgkin′s lymphoma definitive diagnosis is by histopathology. Imaging is necessary to determine the distribution and severity in terms of extent and organs of involvement to further assist in staging and thence to implement appropriate therapy. High incidence of intraabdominal involvement is seen in American Burkitt lymphoma.

  16. Oral and cutaneous lymphomas other than mycosis fungoides and sézary syndrome in a mexican cohort: Recategorization and evaluation of international geographical disparities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amparo Hernández-Salazar

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Nonmycosis fungoides/Sézary syndrome (non-MF/SS primary cutaneous lymphomas (PCL are currently categorized under the 2005-World Health Organization/European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer (WHO-EORTC classification for PCL. These differ in behavior from secondary cutaneous lymphomas (SCL and to lymphomas limited to the oral cavity (primary oral lymphomas [POL] both categorized under the 2016-WHO classification for lymphoid neoplasms. Aims: This study aims to report the first series of non-MF/SS PCL, SCL, and POL in a Mexican cohort, examine the applicability of current classification systems and compare our findings with those from foreign cohorts. Materials and Methods: Eighteen non-MF/SS PCL, four SCL, and two POL with available tissue for morphology and immunophenotypic assessment were reclassified according to the 2005-WHO/EORTC and 2016-WHO classifications. Results: Non-MF/SS PCLs were primarily of T-cell origin (61% where CD30+ lymphoproliferative disorders predominated, followed by Epstein–Barr virus-induced lymphomas, and peripheral T-cell lymphomas, not otherwise specified. Primary cutaneous B-cell lymphomas (BCL were primarily of follicle center cell origin followed by postgerminal lymphomas of the diffuse large BCL variety. Conclusions: Most non-MF/SS PCL, SCL, and POL can be adequately categorized according to the 2005-WHO/EORTC and 2016-WHO classification systems, even when dealing with clinically atypical cases. The relative frequencies in our cohort hold closer similarities to Asian registries than from those of Europe/USA, supporting the concept of individual and/or racial susceptibility, and the notion of geographical variances in the rate of lymphomas. In particular, such disparity may arise from viral-induced lymphomas which might show partial geographical restriction.

  17. γ-Herpesvirus load as surrogate marker of early death in HIV-1 lymphoma patients submitted to high dose chemotherapy and autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pratesi, Chiara; Zanussi, Stefania; Tedeschi, Rosamaria; Bortolin, Maria Teresa; Talamini, Renato; Rupolo, Maurizio; Scaini, Chiara; Basaglia, Giancarlo; Di Maso, Matteo; Mazzucato, Mario; Zanet, Ernesto; Tirelli, Umberto; Michieli, Mariagrazia; Carbone, Antonino; De Paoli, Paolo

    2015-01-01

    Autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) is a feasible procedure for human immunodeficiency virus-1 (HIV-1) lymphoma patients, whose underlying disease and intrinsic HIV-1- and ASCT-associated immunodeficiency might increase the risk for γ-herpesvirus load persistence and/or reactivation. We evaluated this hypothesis by investigating the levels of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)- and Kaposi sarcoma-associated herpesvirus (KSHV)-DNA levels in the peripheral blood of 22 HIV-1-associated lymphoma patients during ASCT, highlighting their relationship with γ-herpesvirus lymphoma status, immunological parameters, and clinical events. EBV-DNA was detected in the pre-treatment plasma and peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) of 12 (median 12,135 copies/mL) and 18 patients (median 417 copies/10(6) PBMCs), respectively; the values in the two compartments were correlated (r = 0.77, p = 0.0001). Only EBV-positive lymphomas showed detectable levels of plasma EBV-DNA. After debulking chemotherapy, plasma EBV-DNA was associated with lymphoma chemosensitivity (p = 0.03) and a significant higher mortality risk by multivariate Cox analysis adjusted for EBV-lymphoma status (HR, 10.46, 95% CI, 1.11-98.32, p = 0.04). After infusion, EBV-DNA was detectable in five EBV-positive lymphoma patients who died within six months. KSHV-DNA load was positive in only one patient, who died from primary effusion lymphoma. Fluctuations in levels of KSHV-DNA reflected the patient's therapy and evolution of his underlying lymphoma. Other γ-herpesvirus-associated malignancies, such as multicentric Castleman disease and Kaposi sarcoma, or end-organ complications after salvage treatment were not found. Overall, these findings suggest a prognostic and predictive value of EBV-DNA and KSHV-DNA, the monitoring of which could be a simple, complementary tool for the management of γ-herpesvirus-positive lymphomas in HIV-1 patients submitted to ASCT.

  18. Ubiquitin-specific protease 2 decreases p53-dependent apoptosis in cutaneous T-cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Wei, Tianling; Biskup, Edyta; Gjerdrum, Lise Mette Rahbek

    2016-01-01

    Treatment of advanced cutaneous T-cell lymphomas (CTCL) is challenging because they are resistant to conventional chemotherapy. USP2 has been shown to promote resistance to chemotherapeutic agents in several cancer models.We show here USP2 is expressed in quiescent and activated T-cells and its e...

  19. The microenvironment in classical Hodgkin lymphoma : an actively shaped and essential tumor component

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, Yuxuan; Sattarzadeh, Ahmad; Diepstra, Arjan; Visser, Lydia; van den Berg, Anke

    Classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL) is characterized by a minority of tumor cells derived from germinal center B-cells and a vast majority of non-malignant reactive cells. The tumor cells show a loss of B-cell phenotype including lack of the B-cell receptor, which makes the tumor cells vulnerable to

  20. DISTURBED ANTIGEN PRESENTATION IN CLASSICAL HODGKIN LYMPHOMA; IMPLICATIONS FOR IMMUNE CHECKPOINT INHIBITOR THERAPY?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijland, M.; Visser, Lydia; Veenstra, Rianne; Kushekhar, K.; van Imhoff, G.; Berg, van den Anke; Diepstra, A.

    2016-01-01

    Immune checkpoint inhibitors are being tested in clinical trials and show great promise in the treatment of classical Hodgkin lymphoma (cHL). The proposed mechanism of action of these inhibitors consists of reactivating T lymphocytes that have become unresponsive as a consequence of inhibitory

  1. MicroRNAs in mantle cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Husby, Simon; Geisler, Christian; Grønbæk, Kirsten

    2013-01-01

    Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) is a rare and aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin lymphoma. New treatment modalities, including intensive induction regimens with immunochemotherapy and autologous stem cell transplant, have improved survival. However, many patients still relapse, and there is a need...... for novel therapeutic strategies. Recent progress has been made in the understanding of the role of microRNAs (miRNAs) in MCL. Comparisons of tumor samples from patients with MCL with their normal counterparts (naive B-cells) have identified differentially expressed miRNAs with roles in cellular growth...

  2. Different histopathological subtypes of Hodgkin lymphoma show significantly different levels of FDG uptake

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hutchings, Martin; Loft, Annika; Hansen, Mads

    2006-01-01

    HL underwent staging FDG-PET/CT after lymph node biopsy. Maximum SUV in each patient (SUV(max/total)) and in each affected region or organ (SUV(max)) were recorded. Mean SUV(max/total) was 9.3 g/ml in seven nodular lymphocyte predominance (NLP) patients, 16.3 g/ml in 38 nodular sclerosis (NS......) patients, 20.8 g/ml in 11 mixed cellularity (MC) patients, and 19.5 g/ml in four patients with unclassified classical HL (CHL-NOS), (ANOVA, p = 0.011). Out of 780 sites (600 lymph node regions plus 180 organs), 208 sites were found to be affected with HL. Mean SUV(max) was 8.3 g/ml in the 12 sites with NLP...

  3. Primary cutaneous T-cell lymphomas do not show specific NAV3 gene deletion or translocation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marty, Marion; Prochazkova, Martina; Laharanne, Elodie; Chevret, Edith; Longy, Michel; Jouary, Thomas; Vergier, Béatrice; Beylot-Barry, Marie; Merlio, Jean-Philippe; Philippe, Merlio Jean

    2008-10-01

    The mapping of a balanced t(12;18)(q21;q21.2) translocation in a Sézary syndrome (SS) case led Karenko et al. to identify NAV3 gene (12q21-22) deletion by interphase fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) in 15/21 patients with mycosis fungoides (MF) or SS. To determine whether the NAV3 deletion is the result of a specific gene breakpoint, we used FISH with dual-color split or break-apart bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) probes covering the NAV3 locus. A total of 31 samples (18 skin, 11 blood, 1 lymph node, and 1 spleen) from 24 patients with advanced MF/SS (18 with large-cell transformation) were studied. Chromosome 12 imbalances were analyzed by comparative genomic hybridization (CGH) array with a 3K BAC probes in 24 samples from 22 patients. Both normal FISH and CGH array patterns were observed in 22 samples from 18 patients. In 6 patients, abnormal patterns were observed with an abnormal number of chromosome 12 set in 5 of them. Chromosome 12 structural abnormalities were seen in four of these six patients. An imbalanced FISH pattern between NAV3 and pericentromeric control probes was seen in three patients in accordance with CGH array data (one with a pericentromeric deletion and two with a large 12q deletion including NAV3). No NAV3 specific breakpoint or partial deletion was detected.

  4. Identification and characterization of peripheral T-cell lymphoma-associated SEREX antigens.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christopher D O Cooper

    Full Text Available Peripheral T-cell lymphomas (PTCL are generally less common and pursue a more aggressive clinical course than B-cell lymphomas, with the T-cell phenotype itself being a poor prognostic factor in adult non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL. With notable exceptions such as ALK(+ anaplastic large cell lymphoma (ALCL, ALK+, the molecular abnormalities in PTCL remain poorly characterised. We had previously identified circulating antibodies to ALK in patients with ALCL, ALK(+. Thus, as a strategy to identify potential antigens associated with the pathogenesis of PTCL, not otherwise specified (PTCL, NOS, we screened a testis cDNA library with sera from four PTCL, NOS patients using the SEREX (serological analysis of recombinant cDNA expression libraries technique. We identified nine PTCL, NOS-associated antigens whose immunological reactivity was further investigated using sera from 52 B- and T-cell lymphoma patients and 17 normal controls. The centrosomal protein CEP250 was specifically recognised by patients sera and showed increased protein expression in cell lines derived from T-cell versus B-cell malignancies. TCEB3, BECN1, and two previously uncharacterised proteins, c14orf93 and ZBTB44, were preferentially recognised by patients' sera. Transcripts for all nine genes were identified in 39 cancer cell lines and the five genes encoding preferentially lymphoma-recognised antigens were widely expressed in normal tissues and mononuclear cell subsets. In summary, this study identifies novel molecules that are immunologically recognised in vivo by patients with PTCL, NOS. Future studies are needed to determine whether these tumor antigens play a role in the pathogenesis of PTCL.

  5. Newcastle Disease Virus: Potential Therapeutic Application for Human and Canine Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Sánchez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Research on oncolytic viruses has mostly been directed towards the treatment of solid tumors, which has yielded limited information regarding their activity in hematological cancer. It has also been directed towards the treatment of humans, yet veterinary medicine may also benefit. Several strains of the Newcastle disease virus (NDV have been used as oncolytics in vitro and in a number of in vivo experiments. We studied the cytolytic effect of NDV-MLS, a low virulence attenuated lentogenic strain, on a human large B-cell lymphoma cell line (SU-DHL-4, as well as on primary canine-derived B-cell lymphoma cells, and compared them to healthy peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMC from both humans and dogs. NDV-MLS reduced cell survival in both human (42% ± 5% and dog (34% ± 12% lymphoma cells as compared to untreated controls. No significant effect on PBMC was seen. Cell death involved apoptosis as documented by flow-cytometry. NDV-MLS infections of malignant lymphoma tumors in vivo in dogs were confirmed by electron microscopy. Early (24 h biodistribution of intravenous injection of 1 × 1012 TCID50 (tissue culture infective dose in a dog with T-cell lymphoma showed viral localization only in the kidney, the salivary gland, the lung and the stomach by immunohistochemistry and/or endpoint PCR. We conclude that NDV-MLS may be a promising agent for the treatment of lymphomas. Future research is needed to elucidate the optimal therapeutic regimen and establish appropriate biosafety measures.

  6. B-cell Lymphoma in retrieved femoral heads: a long term follow up

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    van Kemenade Folkert J

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background A relatively high incidence of pathological conditions in retrieved femoral heads, including a group of patients having low grade B-cell lymphoma, has been described before. At short term follow up none of these patients with low-grade B-cell lymphoma showed evidence of systemic disease. However, the long term follow up of these patients is not known. Methods From November 1994 up to and including December 2005 we screened all femoral heads removed at the time of primary total hip replacement histopathologically and included them in the bone banking protocol according to the guidelines of the American Associations of Tissue Banks (AATB and the European Association of Musculo-Skeletal Transplantation (EAMST. We determined the percentage of B-cell lymphoma in all femoral heads and in the group that fulfilled all criteria of the bone banking protocol and report on the long-term follow-up. Results Of 852 femoral heads fourteen (1.6% were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma. Of these 852 femoral heads, 504 were eligible for bone transplantation according to the guidelines of the AATB and the EAMST. Six femoral heads of this group of 504 were highly suspicious for low-grade B-cell lymphoma (1.2%. At long term follow up two (0.2% of all patients developed systemic malignant disease and one of them needed medical treatment for her condition. Conclusion In routine histopathological screening we found variable numbers of low-grade B-cell lymphoma throughout the years, even in a group of femoral heads that were eligible for bone transplantation. Allogenic transmission of malignancy has not yet been reported on, but surviving viruses are proven to be transmissible. Therefore, we recommend the routine histopathological evaluation of all femoral heads removed at primary total hip arthroplasty as a tool for quality control, whether the femoral head is used for bone banking or not.

  7. Advances in the epidemiology of HIV-associated non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and other lymphoid neoplasms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franceschi, S; Dal Maso, L; La Vecchia, C

    1999-11-12

    The spectrum of HIV-related lymphoid malignancies certainly includes non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL; i.e., chiefly large-cell lymphoma and Burkitt's lymphoma), primary lymphoma of the brain (PBL) and, possibly, Hodgkin's disease (HD). Since the mid-1990s, several epidemiological studies have led to better quantification of the burden of lymphomas in HIV-infected populations. AIDS surveillance data from 17 western European countries show that between 1988 and 1997 a total of 7,148 AIDS cases had NHL as the AIDS-defining illness. The yearly number of cases rose steadily from 1988 to 1995 but declined thereafter. As a percentage of AIDS-defining illnesses, NHL increased from 3.6% in 1994 to 4.9% in 1997. Percent increases were observed in different strata by area, age group, sex and HIV-transmission group. To estimate relative risk (RR) of NHL and other lymphoid neoplasms in unselected HIV-seropositive populations, records of population-based cancer registries and AIDS registries were linked in the United States, Italy and Australia. RRs for NHL in adults with HIV/AIDS ranged between 14 (for low-grade NHL) to over 300 (for high-grade NHL). For HD, the RR was approximately 10. Limited findings from studies based on death certificates and cohorts of HIV-seropositive persons were consistent with those from registry linkage studies. In developing countries, the risk of HIV-associated NHL appears to be much lower than in developed countries, but under-ascertainment and earlier death from other AIDS manifestations may explain the lack of HIV-associated lymphomas in Africa. Copyright 1999 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  8. [Primary non-Hodgkin's lymphoma of the breast. A case report].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Villalón-López, José Sebastián; Souto-Del Bosque, Rosalía; Méndez-Sashida, Pedro Gonzalo

    Primary breast lymphomas, a rare subtype of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, represent 0.04 to 0.5% of all breast cancers, 0.38 to 0.7% of all lymphomas, and 1.7 to 2.2% of extranodal lymphomas. The treatment choice is based on chemotherapy containing anthracycline and rituximab. Surgery is limited to being less invasive and only for diagnostic purposes. Radiotherapy has an important role as consolidation therapy, particularly in patients with negative nodes. A 70 year old woman with a breast nodule in the left upper outer quadrant, with slow growth, expansive, painless, and accompanied by skin changes, malaise, weight loss, fatigue, chill, and sweating. There was tissue replacement by the mammary gland tumour, skin changes due to invasion, and a 5cm axillary lymphadenopathy. The mammography showed skin thickening and a dense pattern of 80% of breast tissue replacement, and the lymphadenopathy with loss of radiolucent centre and soft tissue invasion. The biopsy confirmed a diffuse high grade large cell lymphoma. She received an Rituximab (R-CHOP) chemotherapy scheme and radiotherapy with tangential and supraclavicular and axillary fields. After completing the chemotherapy, the patient is on follow-up, and at 15 months she is alive without disease activity. Primary lymphoma of the breast is a rare entity. Multimodal treatment with combined chemo-radiotherapy is the cornerstone. Surgery is reserved only for diagnostic purposes. Copyright © 2015 Academia Mexicana de Cirugía A.C. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  9. Cutaneous B cell lymphomas: Report of two interesting cases

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravichandran Gurumurthy

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Cutaneous B cell lymphomas can arise primarily from the skin or may occur due to secondary spread from nodal lymphomas. Primary lymphomas are confined to the skin without systemic spread and they differ from secondary lymphomas in their clinical behavior, treatment and prognosis. Cutaneous lymphomas being relatively rare, lack of precise definition and understanding of their clinical behavior diseases leads to pitfalls in the diagnosis. We report two cases of cutaneous B cell lymphomas who presented with fever of unknown origin initially and later found to have skin lesions. Hence, skin can be a potential diagnostic clue in the evaluation of patients with fever of unknown origin. The distinctions between the primary and the secondary lymphomas become important in choosing the treatment and assessing the prognosis.

  10. Cytotoxic/natural killer cell cutaneous lymphomas. Report of EORTC Cutaneous Lymphoma Task Force Workshop.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Santucci, M.; Pimpinelli, N; Massi, D; Kadin, ME; Meijer, C.J.L.M.; Muller-Hermelink, HK; Paulli, M; Wechsler, J.; Willemze, R.; Audring, H; Bernengo, MG; Cerroni, L.; Chimenti, S.; Chott, A.; Diaz-Perez, J.L.; Dippel, E; Duncan, LM; Feller, AC; Geerts, M.L.; Hallermann, C; Kempf, W; Russell-Jones, R; Sander, C; Berti, E.

    2003-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Cutaneous lymphomas expressing a cytotoxic or natural killer (NK) cell phenotype represent a group of lymphoproliferative disorders for which there is currently much confusion and little consensus regarding the best nomenclature and classification. METHODS: This study analyzes 48 cases

  11. Incidence of transformation to aggressive lymphoma in limited-stage follicular lymphoma treated with radiotherapy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bains, P; Al Tourah, A; Campbell, B A; Pickles, T; Gascoyne, R D; Connors, J M; Savage, K J

    2013-02-01

    The established treatment of limited-stage follicular lymphoma is radiotherapy (RT). There is an inherent risk of transformation of follicular lymphoma to aggressive lymphoma; however, the frequency and impact on the outcome are unknown in limited-stage patients. We identified 237 patients with limited-stage follicular lymphoma treated with curative intent RT. Cases were reviewed to determine the frequency of transformation and subsequent survival. With a median follow-up of 7.4 years, the 10-year risk of transformation was 18.5%. With a median follow-up after transformation of 4.7 years, the 3-year post-transformation progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) were 42% and 44%, respectively. The addition of rituximab improved the 3-year post-transformation PFS and OS compared with combination chemotherapy alone (78% versus 15%, P survival in this otherwise poor-risk population.

  12. Transcatheter Arterial Embolization for Gastrointestinal Bleeding Secondary to Gastrointestinal Lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zheng, Lin [Henan Cancer Hospital, The Affiliated Cancer Hospital of Zhengzhou University, Department of Radiology (China); Shin, Ji Hoon, E-mail: jhshin@amc.seoul.kr; Han, Kichang; Tsauo, Jiaywei; Yoon, Hyun-Ki; Ko, Gi-Young [University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Shin, Jong-Soo [Kyunghee University, College of Medicine, Kangdong Kyunghee University Hospital, Department of Radiology (Korea, Republic of); Sung, Kyu-Bo [University of Ulsan, College of Medicine, Asan Medical Center, Department of Radiology and Research Institute of Radiology (Korea, Republic of)

    2016-11-15

    PurposeTo evaluate the effectiveness of transcatheter arterial embolization (TAE) for gastrointestinal (GI) bleeding caused by GI lymphoma.Materials and MethodsThe medical records of 11 patients who underwent TAE for GI bleeding caused by GI lymphoma between 2001 and 2015 were reviewed retrospectively.ResultsA total of 20 TAE procedures were performed. On angiography, contrast extravasation, and both contrast extravasation and tumor staining were seen in 95 % (19/20) and 5 % (1/20) of the procedures, respectively. The most frequently embolized arteries were jejunal (n = 13) and ileal (n = 5) branches. Technical and clinical success rates were 100 % (20/20) and 27 % (3/11), respectively. The causes of clinical failure in eight patients were rebleeding at new sites. In four patients who underwent repeat angiography, the bleeding focus was new each time. Three patients underwent small bowel resection due to rebleeding after one (n = 2) or four (n = 1) times of TAEs. Another two patients underwent small bowel resection due to small bowel ischemia/perforation after three or four times of TAEs. The 30-day mortality rate was 18 % due to hypovolemic shock (n = 1) and multiorgan failure (n = 1).ConclusionAngiogram with TAE shows limited therapeutic efficacy to manage GI lymphoma-related bleeding due to high rebleeding at new sites. Although TAE can be an initial hemostatic measure, surgery should be considered for rebleeding due to possible bowel ischemic complication after repeated TAE procedures.

  13. Lymphomas and metastases of the extra-ocular musculature

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Surov, Alexey; Behrmann, Curd; Koesling, Sabrina [Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Department of Radiology, Halle (Germany); Holzhausen, Hans-Juergen [Martin Luther University of Halle-Wittenberg, Department of Pathology, Halle (Germany)

    2011-11-15

    The involvement of extra-ocular muscles in malignant diseases has been described only sporadically. The purpose of this study was to estimate the prevalence of orbital muscle lymphoma and metastases and to analyse their radiological findings. In the time period from January 2000 to January 2010, 11 patients with extra-ocular muscle malignancies (EOMM) were retrospectively identified in the radiological database of our institution. There were four women and seven men with a median age of 58 years (range, 47 to 72 years). In three patients non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL), in seven cases intramuscular metastases of solid tumours and in one patient plasmacytoma of orbital muscles were diagnosed. In all, magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed on 11 patients using a 1.5-T MRI scanner (Magnetom Vision Sonata Upgrade, Siemens, Germany). The diagnosis of EOMM was confirmed histopathologically by muscle biopsy in all cases. The prevalence of orbital muscle involvement in plasmacytoma was 0.3%, in NHL 0.4% and in carcinomas 0.1%. Clinically, EOMM presented as painless proptosis and motility disturbance. Medial and lateral rectus muscles were involved in most patients. On T2-weighted images, the lesions were isointense or mixed iso-to-hyperintense in comparison to the unaffected musculature. On T1-weighted images, all tumours were homogeneously isointense. After intravenous administration of contrast medium, most lesions showed moderate heterogeneous enhancement. Lymphomas and metastases are rare lesions of the extra-ocular musculature with a prevalence below 0.5%. Their radiological and clinical signs are non-specific and include painless muscle enlargement or masses. They should be considered in the differential diagnosis of diseases of extra-ocular muscles. (orig.)

  14. Primary Pulmonary Lymphoma Presenting with Superior Vena Cava Syndrome in a Young Female

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Divya Salhan

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Primary Pulmonary Diffuse Large B Cell Lymphoma (PPDLBCL is an extremely rare entity, which exhibits an aggressive behavior by compressing local blood vessels. It represents only 0.04% of all lymphoma cases and is extremely rare in young age. We present a case of a primary pulmonary lymphoma with superior vena cava syndrome (SVCS in a young female. 27-year-old African American female presented with fever, cough, and facial puffiness for 2 weeks and unintentional weight loss. Chest examination showed decreased breath sounds and dullness on percussion on right side. Labs were normal except for mild leukocytosis, high lactate, and lactate dehydrogenase. Chest X-ray showed a large right side infiltrate with pleural effusion but chest CT showed 10 × 14 × 16 cm mass in the right lung without hilar and mediastinal lymphadenopathy. CT guided biopsy of the right lung mass was done and large B cell lymphoma was diagnosed. She received “involved field radiation” because of the bulky tumor size and superior vena cava involvement prior to R-CHOP to which she responded well. PPDLBCL should be considered as one of the differentials in a young patient with a large lung mass, which needs timely diagnosis and management.

  15. TET2 mutations in B cells of patients affected by angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, Friederike H; Cai, Qian; Fellmann, Eva; Hartmann, Sylvia; Mäyränpää, Mikko I; Karjalainen-Lindsberg, Marja-Liisa; Sundström, Christer; Scholtysik, René; Hansmann, Martin-Leo; Küppers, Ralf

    2017-06-01

    Angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphomas (AITLs) frequently carry mutations in the TET2 and IDH2 genes. TET2 mutations represent early genetic lesions as they had already been detected in haematopoietic precursor cells of AITL patients. We show by analysis of whole-tissue sections and microdissected PD1+ cells that the frequency of TET2-mutated AITL is presumably even higher than reported (12/13 cases in our collection; 92%). In two-thirds of informative AITLs (6/9), a fraction of B cells was also TET2-mutated. Investigation of four AITLs by TET2 and IGHV gene sequencing of single microdissected B cells showed that between 10% and 60% of polyclonal B cells in AITL lymph nodes harboured the identical TET2 mutations of the respective T-cell lymphoma clone. Thus, TET2-mutated haematopoietic precursor cells in AITL patients not only give rise to the T-cell lymphoma but also generate a large population of mutated mature B cells. Future studies will show whether this is a reason why AITL patients frequently also develop B-cell lymphomas. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd. Copyright © 2017 Pathological Society of Great Britain and Ireland. Published by John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.

  16. Talking with TV shows

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sandvik, Kjetil; Laursen, Ditte

    2014-01-01

    User interaction with radio and television programmes is not a new thing. However, with new cross-media production concepts such as X Factor and Voice, this is changing dramatically. The second-screen logic of these productions encourages viewers, along with TV’s traditional one-way communication...... mode, to communicate on interactive (dialogue-enabling) devices such as laptops, smartphones and tablets. Using the TV show Voice as our example, this article shows how the technological and situational set-up of the production invites viewers to engage in new ways of interaction and communication....... More specifically, the article demonstrates how online comments posted on the day of Voice’s 2012 season finale can be grouped into four basic action types: (1) Invitation to consume content, (2) Request for participation, (3) Request for collaboration and (4) Online commenting. These action types...

  17. Um show de cacau

    OpenAIRE

    Rezende, José Francisco; UNIGRANRIO / PPGA; Mello, Simone; UNIGRANRIO

    2016-01-01

    O caso de ensino apresenta a trajetória de Alexandre Tadeu da Costa e da chocolateria Cacau Show. Seu objetivo é levar os estudantes a identificar alternativas e tomar decisões sobre posicionamento para continuidade do desenvolvimento de vantagens competitivas, sustentação de competência logística e possíveis abordagens ao mercado externo. 

  18. Treatment Options for Primary Refractory/Recurrent Hodgkin Lymphoma in Children and Adolescents

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Lymphoma Patient Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ... Health Professional Adult Hodgkin Lymphoma Treatment Adult NHL Treatment AIDS-Related Lymphoma Treatment Mycosis Fungoides (Including Sézary Syndrome) ...

  19. Interleukin-2 or Observation Following Radiation Therapy, Combination Chemotherapy, and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplantation in Treating Patients With Recurrent Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-27

    Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma

  20. Taking in a Show.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boden, Timothy W

    2016-01-01

    Many medical practices have cut back on education and staff development expenses, especially those costs associated with conventions and conferences. But there are hard-to-value returns on your investment in these live events--beyond the obvious benefits of acquired knowledge and skills. Major vendors still exhibit their services and wares at many events, and the exhibit hall is a treasure-house of information and resources for the savvy physician or administrator. Make and stick to a purposeful plan to exploit the trade show. You can compare products, gain new insights and ideas, and even negotiate better deals with representatives anxious to realize returns on their exhibition investments.

  1. Multifocal Extranodal Involvement of Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Devrim Cabuk

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Endobronchial involvement of extrapulmonary malignant tumors is uncommon and mostly associated with breast, kidney, colon, and rectum carcinomas. A 68-year-old male with a prior diagnosis of colon non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL was admitted to the hospital with a complaint of cough, sputum, and dyspnea. The chest radiograph showed right hilar enlargement and opacity at the right middle zone suggestive of a mass lesion. Computed tomography of thorax revealed a right-sided mass lesion extending to thoracic wall with the destruction of the third and the fourth ribs and a right hilar mass lesion. Fiberoptic bronchoscopy was performed in order to evaluate endobronchial involvement and showed stenosis with mucosal tumor infiltration in right upper lobe bronchus. The pathological examination of bronchoscopic biopsy specimen reported diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and the patient was accepted as the endobronchial recurrence of sigmoid colon NHL. The patient is still under treatment of R-ICE (rituximab-ifosfamide-carboplatin-etoposide chemotherapy and partial regression of pulmonary lesions was noted after 3 courses of treatment.

  2. Ocular malignant lymphoma. A clinical pathological study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panda A

    1987-01-01

    Full Text Available Eleven histologically proved cases of ocular malignant lymphoma diagnosed and managed during the year 1974-81 are reported. The follow-up period ranges from 2-7 years. The difficulties in diagnosis, treatment and prognosis are discussed.

  3. Primary malignant lymphoma of the rectum

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hirakata, K.; Nakata, H.; Nakayama, T.; Kajiwara, Y.; Kuroda, Y.

    1989-07-01

    A rare case of a primary malignant lymphoma of the rectum in a 7 year old girl is presented. Although rectal polyps in children are usually benign juvenile polyps, a rare possibility of malignancy should be kept in mind. An adequate histological examination is essential. (orig.).

  4. [Thoracic computer tomography in malignant Hodgkin lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vock, P; Haertel, M; Fuchs, W A

    1981-06-01

    A retrospective study of 65 histologically proven lymphoma patients evaluated the staging capabilities of CT in Hodgkin's disease. Nodal and extranodal tumor manifestations were detected in the mediastinum (89%), thoracic bones (23%), pleura (26%), periphery of the lung, and in 14% as an infiltrating thoracic well lesion. Advantages and disadvantages of the method are discussed.

  5. Unusual presentation of T-cell lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pandya Mona

    1997-01-01

    Full Text Available A 56-year old woman developed multiple papules, plaques and erythema - multiforme (EM like lesions on palms, soles, abdomen, back, axillary and gluteal folds of one month duration. She also had erythematous plaques, painful necrotising ulcers and oro-genital ulcerations. Skin biopsy was suggestive of plaque stage of cutaneous T-cell lymphoma.

  6. Biomarkers and Prognosis in Malignant Lymphomas

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hagenbeek, Anton; Gascoyne, Randy D.; Dreyling, Martin; Kluin, Philip; Engert, Andreas; Salles, Gilles

    Approximately 100 hematologists and pathologists from Europe, the United States, and Canada participated in the workshop Biomarkers and Prognosis in Malignant Lymphomas, held in Mandelieu, France,April 11-13, 2008, under the leadership of Anton Hagenbeek, Randy Gascoyne, and Gilles Salles.

  7. Late cardiotoxicity after treatment for Hodgkin lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Aleman, Berthe M P; van den Belt-Dusebout, Alexandra W; De Bruin, Marie L

    2007-01-01

    We assessed cardiovascular disease (CVD) incidence in 1474 survivors of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) younger than 41 years at treatment (1965-1995). Multivariable Cox regression and competing risk analyses were used to quantify treatment effects on CVD risk. After a median follow-up of 18.7 years, risks...

  8. Bile duct lymphoma disguised as cholangiocarcinoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Durham, Charis; Jaiswal, Deepna; Wong, Lucas

    2017-04-01

    We present a case of intrabiliary primary B-cell lymphoma masked as a cholangiocarcinoma in an HIV-positive patient. The two entities have similar symptoms, laboratory findings, and imaging findings but require very different treatments. The case highlights the need to confirm the diagnosis by biopsy.

  9. Novel treatment concepts in Hodgkin lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Glimelius, I.; Diepstra, A.

    Treatment of classical Hodgkin's lymphoma (HL) has been a success story, with cure of localized disease with radiotherapy in the 1930s, cure of advanced stages with combination chemotherapy with/without radiotherapy in the mid-1960s and continuous improvements since then. Nonetheless, at present

  10. Abdominal Burkitt's lymphoma with renal involvement | Moodley ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Endemic Burkitt's lymphoma is the most frequent childhood cancer in Africa, commonly presenting with involvement of the abdominal viscera. Imaging plays a critical role in suggesting the diagnosis to expedite treatment initiation, as the tumour has a rapid doubling time of less than 24 hours. This case report illustrates the ...

  11. Diagnosis of lymphoma using bipedal lymphangiography

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kim, Hyun; Rho, Hee Jeong; Song, Kyung Sup; Kim, Choon Yul; Bahk, Yong Whee [Catholic University Medical College, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    1987-08-15

    Bipedal lymphangiography is widely accepted as a useful adjunct in the staging, treatment and follow up of the selected patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma and Hodgkin's disease. Lymph angiographic findings of 33 cases of lymphomas were analysed in an effort to access and improve the criteria for the lymph angiographic diagnosis in lymphoma. The clinical materials consisted of 22 non-Hodgkin's lymphomas and 11 Hodgkin's diseases. The results were as follows: 1. In lymphatic phase, displacement of lymphatic vessels, early filling of lymph nodes and collateral lymphatic vessels were 57.6% and 42.2% respectively. 2. In ductal phase, lymph node enlargement, increased number of lymph nodes, filling defects of lymph node, persistent filling of lymphatic vessels, discontinued lymphatic chain, irregular marginal filling defect, foamy pattern of lymph node and abnormal position of lymph nodes (increased spine-to-node distance) were 84.8% 84.8%, 72.2%, 57.6%, 54.5%, 51.5% and 48.5%, respectively. 3. The mean diameter of lymph node with normal architecture was 1.0cm, and that of abnormal architecture node was 2.0cm. 4. The order of frequency of abnormal findings was external iliac, para-aortic, inguinal and common iliac node groups. 5. Clinical stage I and II were readjusted to stage III in 54.5%.

  12. Orbital MALT Lymphoma: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shobha G Pai

    2004-08-01

    Full Text Available A case of orbital MALT (mucous associated lymphoid tissue lymphoma is reported for its rarity. It presented as a large tumor obscuring the whole eye with loss of vision, without any signs of dissemination and remained free of recurrence or metastasis 12 months after undergoing simple surgical excision.

  13. Stages of AIDS-Related Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... depend on the following: The stage of the cancer. The age of the patient. The number of CD4 lymphocytes (a type of white blood cell) in the blood. The number of places in the body lymphoma is found outside the lymph ... tests are done to find out if cancer cells have spread within the lymph system or ...

  14. Treatment of early-stage Hodgkin lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Engert, A.; Raemaekers, J.M.M.

    2016-01-01

    Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) has become one of the best curable malignancies today. This is particularly true for patients with early-stage disease. Today, most patients in this risk group are treated with a combination of chemotherapy followed by small-field radiotherapy. More recent clinical trials such

  15. Early-stage mantle cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dabaja, B S; Zelenetz, A D; Ng, A K

    2017-01-01

    Background: Mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) rarely presents as early-stage disease, but clinical observations suggest that patients who present with early-stage disease may have better outcomes than those with advanced-stage disease. Patients and methods: In this 13-institution study, we examined...

  16. Primary immunodeficiencies and B-cell lymphomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martín-Mateos, María Anunciación; Piquer Gibert, Mónica

    In primary immunodeficiencies there is a failure in the anti-tumor defense. Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is one of the most common primary immunodeficiencies characterized by an alteration in the differentiation of B lymphocytes (BL). Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is an ubiquitous virus that selectively infects the BL. In patients with immunodeficiency, uncontrolled proliferation of infected BL and the action of viral proteins promote the development of lymphomas. At the University Hospital Sant Joan de Deu, Barcelona, 28 patients were diagnosed with CVID from 2000 to 2013. This paper describes four patients who developed non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). The lymphoma was associated with EBV in two of the cases. Patients were<18 years old, diagnosed with lymphoma between 4 and 13 years old. Two patients were treated with rituximab as monotherapy and achieved complete remission. Two patients were treated with CHOP (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine and prednisolone) and radiotherapy or rituximab and achieved complete remission. Early detection of EBV infections and NHL in all patients diagnosed with CVID is recommended, regardless of age at diagnosis. Copyright © 2016 Hospital Infantil de México Federico Gómez. Publicado por Masson Doyma México S.A. All rights reserved.

  17. Peripheral T-cell lymphoma--not otherwise specified.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Savage, Kerry J; Ferreri, Andrés J M; Zinzani, Pier Luigi; Pileri, Stefano A

    2011-09-01

    Peripheral T-cell lymphoma, not otherwise specified (PTCL-NOS) does correspond to a heterogeneous group of nodal and extranodal mature T-cell lymphomas, with a low prevalence in Western countries. PTCL-NOS accounts for about 25% of all PTCL, which represent over 15% of all lymphomas. In the lymph node, PTCL-NOS shows paracortical or diffuse infiltrates with effacement of the normal architecture, with a broad cytological spectrum and a frequently observed inflammatory background. Some morphological variants include: lymphoepithelioid or Lennert's type, T-zone, and follicular. PTCL-NOS is characterized by an aberrant T-cell phenotype, with frequent loss of CD5 and CD7. A CD4+/CD8- phenotype predominates in nodal cases. CD4/CD8 +/+ or -/- is at times seen, as is CD8, CD56 and cytotoxic granule expression. Ki-67 rate is typically high. TCR β-chain is usually expressed; TCR genes are most often clonally rearranged. PTCL-NOS typically occurs in adults (median age 55-60 years), with a higher prevalence in males. It presents more often as disseminated disease, occasionally with eosinophilia, pruritis or hemophagocytic syndrome. Patients often have B symptoms, generalized lymphadenopathy, bone marrow infiltration, and extranodal involvement, with high or high-intermediate IPI score in 50-70% of cases. Prognosis is poor, with a 5-year OS of 20-30%. Some variables, like ST2(L), CXCR5, CXCR3, EBV infection, cytotoxic granule expression, high proliferative index, NF-κB expression, were proposed as prognostic indicators, but the IPI score, and its variant called PIT, remains the most effective prognostic factor. Patients with PTCL-NOS should be treated with anthracycline-containing chemotherapy, followed by radiotherapy in cases of stage I-II disease. This strategy is associated with an overall response rate higher than 60%, but the 5-year overall survival is only 20-30%. Upfront high-dose chemotherapy supported by autologous or allogeneic SCT is an investigational approach

  18. Bilateral Bronchiectasis as a Presentation Form of Pulmonary Marginal Zone B-Cell Lymphoma of Bronchus Associated Lymphoid Tissue

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Glenda Ernst

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The pulmonary marginal zone B-cell lymphoma of bronchus associated lymphoid tissue of the lung (BALT is a rare illness that can remain without symptoms. Radiological findings of pulmonary lymphoma are heterogeneous. In literature, bronchiectasis is only described in one patient who also had besides adenomegalies. We reported on a 48-year-old female patient. She showed symptoms consistent with dyspnea with productive cough; there were crepitant sounds in the auscultation. Pulmonary functional test has shown a severe restrictive pattern with a low FVC and DLCO. CT scan showed bronchiectasis in the medium lobule without adenomegalies. Echocardiogram was normal, and the laboratory findings only showed leukocytosis. There were no findings in the bronchoscopy, but the lung biopsy showed a B-cell pulmonary lymphoma (positive to CD20 and CD79a in immunostaining. A wide variety of radiological manifestations has been previously described; however, we have presented this rare case, with bronchiectasis, as unique radiological finding.

  19. EBV AND HIV-RELATED LYMPHOMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andrea Antinori

    2009-11-01

    Full Text Available HIV-associated lymphoproliferative disorders represent a heterogeneous group of diseases, arising in the presence of HIV-associated immunodeficiency. The overall prevalence of HIV-associated lymphoma is significantly higher compared to that of the general population and it continues to be relevant even after the wide availability of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART (1. Moreover, they still represent one of the most frequent cause of death in HIV-infected patients. Epstein–Barr virus (EBV, a γ-Herpesviruses, is involved in human lymphomagenesis, particularly in HIV immunocompromised patients. It has been largely implicated in the development of B-cell lymphoproliferative disorders as Burkitt lymphoma (BL, Hodgkin disease (HD, systemic non Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL, primary central nervous system lymphoma (PCNSL, nasopharyngeal carcinoma (NC. Virus-associated lymphomas are becoming of significant concern for the mortality of long-lived HIV immunocompromised patients, and therefore, research of advanced strategies for AIDS-related lymphomas is an important field in cancer chemotherapy. Detailed understanding of the EBV  lifecycle and related cancers at the molecular level is required for novel

  20. CASE REPORT: Esophageal and Gastric T-Cell Lymphoma: A Rare Entity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raja Shekhar R.Sappati Biyyani

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Primary gastrointestinal T-cell lymphomas are extremely rare entity and are much less common than B-Cell lymphomas. Case History: A primary T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed in an octogenarian African American male with a history of diabetes mellitus type-II, remote history of prostate cancer, hypertension, obesity and hyperlipidemia. He had symptoms of dysphagia, early satiety, lossof appetite and loss of weight. He was Helicobacter pylori IgG antibody positive and on treatment. Result of first biopsy duringendoscopy showed only heavy lymphoid infiltrate. But, due to high suspicion of malignancy, a second upper gastrointestinal endoscopy and biopsy was performed .This biopsy from the large deep 3cm friable ulcer with nodular base was taken which showed atypical lymphoid cells positive for CD3 and CD7 and negative for CD5, CD4 , CD8 and CD56 . The combination of the histological, immunohistological stain results and the gene rearrangement results confirmed T cell lymphoma. The patient died after 5 months after5 cycles of chemotherapeutic agents of severe dehydration and complications from sepsis.

  1. [Prognostic impact of anthracyclines in the treatment of aggressive lymphoma in patients over 70 years].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ancochea, Águeda; Salar, Antonio; García-Pallarols, Francesc; Gimeno, Eva; Fernández-Rodriguez, Conchi; Sánchez-González, Blanca

    2015-06-22

    The optimal treatment of aggressive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) in elderly patients remains controversial. We aimed to evaluate the impact of age and use of anthracyclines. Retrospective analysis of patients with aggressive NHL aged over 70 years old. One hundred and twenty-eight patients with a median age of 76 years (70-91). Eighty-eight percent received chemotherapy, and 72% received anthracyclines. The overall response rate was 70%, 51% with a complete response (CR)/uncertain complete response and 19% with a partial response (PR). Overall survival (OS) was 28 months (95% confidence interval 18-78). In the diffuse large B-cell lymphoma group, progression-free survival (PFS) and OS were significantly better in patients who achieved CR versus PR. The use of anthracyclines was associated with CR, the international prognostic index (IPI) was associated with both survival and response, and age showed no association. In patients aged ≥ 70 years with aggressive lymphoma who received chemotherapy, the IPI but not age and the use of anthracyclines showed a prognostic impact. Therefore, in elderly patients with aggressive lymphomas, the use of anthracyclines should be considered and therapeutic decisions should not be based on age exclusively. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier España, S.L.U. All rights reserved.

  2. Site-specific expression of polycomb-group genes encoding the HPC-HPH/PRC1 complex in clinically defined primary nodal and cutaneous large B-cell lymphomas.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raaphorst, F.M.; Vermeer, M; Fieret, E; Blokzijl, T; Dukers, D; Sewalt, RG; Otte, AP; Willemze, R.; Meijer, C.J.L.M.

    2004-01-01

    Polycomb-group (PcG) genes preserve cell identity by gene silencing, and contribute to regulation of lymphopoiesis and malignant transformation. We show that primary nodal large B-cell lymphomas (LBCLs), and secondary cutaneous deposits from such lymphomas, abnormally express the BMI-1, RING1, and

  3. [Chemoradiotherapy in early stage Hodgkin's lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Farha, Georges; Nasr, Elie; Ghosn, Marwan; Nasr, Dolly Nehmé; Nasr, Fadi; Kattan, Joseph; Azoury, Fares; Aftimos, Philippe; Chahine, Georges

    2011-01-01

    To evaluate the response to and toxicities of chemo-radiotherapy (CT-RT) in patients with early stage Hodgkin lymphoma treated in our institution. Retrospective study of 42 patients with early stage Hodgkin lymphoma treated between 2002 and 2007. The age of patients ranges from 11 to 57 with a mean of 30.7 years; the sex-ratio is 0.8 (19 males and 23 females). There are 33 cases of nodular-sclerosing Hodgkin lymphoma, 6 of mixed cellularity, one lymphocyte-rich, one interfollicular and one granulomatous. As for the stages, 31 Hodgkin lymphomas are stage IIA, 6 stage IA, 3 bulky and 2 stage IAe. The ABVD protocol was given to 38 patients, the VBVP to 3 patients and the ABV to one patient. IFRT was used with dose ranging from 19.8 to 39.6 Gy. The acute toxicity of chemotherapy was hematologic only, grade 1 anemia accounting for 11.1% and grade 2 anemia for 14.8%, grade 1 leukopenia for 51.8%, grade 2 leukopenia for 333% and grade 3 leukopenia for 14.8%. Dysphagia, radiodermitis and radiomucositis were seen after radiotherapy, accounting for 16.5%, 4.6% and 9.1% respectively. No long-term toxicity of the combined therapy was found. During the follow-up period, one relapse occurred and no death was reported. The overall survival (OS), the disease free survival (DFS) and the toxicities of the combined therapy CT-RT of the patients with early stage Hodgkin lymphoma stage IA and IIA treated in our institution were similar to those seen in the literature.

  4. Showing Value (Editorial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denise Koufogiannakis

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available When Su Cleyle and I first decided to start Evidence Based Library and Information Practice, one of the things we agreed upon immediately was that the journal be open access. We knew that a major obstacle to librarians using the research literature was that they did not have access to the research literature. Although Su and I are both academic librarians who can access a wide variety of library and information literature from our institutions, we belong to a profession where not everyone has equal access to the research in our field. Without such access to our own body of literature, how can we ever hope for practitioners to use research evidence in their decision making? It would have been contradictory to the principles of evidence based library and information practice to do otherwise.One of the specific groups we thought could use such an open access venue for discovering research literature was school librarians. School librarians are often isolated and lacking access to the research literature that may help them prove to stakeholders the importance of their libraries and their role within schools. Certainly, school libraries have been in decline and the use of evidence to show value is needed. As Ken Haycock noted in his 2003 report, The Crisis in Canada’s School Libraries: The Case for Reform and Reinvestment, “Across the country, teacher-librarians are losing their jobs or being reassigned. Collections are becoming depleted owing to budget cuts. Some principals believe that in the age of the Internet and the classroom workstation, the school library is an artifact” (9. Within this context, school librarians are looking to our research literature for evidence of the impact that school library programs have on learning outcomes and student success. They are integrating that evidence into their practice, and reflecting upon what can be improved locally. They are focusing on students and showing the impact of school libraries and

  5. Cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits (Oryctolagus cuniculus).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ritter, J M; von Bomhard, W; Wise, A G; Maes, R K; Kiupel, M

    2012-09-01

    Cutaneous lymphoma is a common skin neoplasm of pet rabbits in Europe but is rarely reported in pet rabbits in North America. These neoplasms have not been previously characterized, nor has the cause for the apparent predilection for cutaneous lymphoma in European pet rabbits compared with North American pet rabbits been investigated. In this retrospective study, the authors morphologically and immunohistochemically characterized 25 cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits according to the World Health Organization classification. Tumors were classified as diffuse large B cell lymphomas, with 14 lymphomas exhibiting a centroblastic/centrocytic subtype and 11 tumors exhibiting a T cell-rich B cell subtype. To investigate a potential viral etiology of these lymphomas, 3 diffuse large B cell and 3 T cell-rich B cell lymphomas were evaluated by polymerase chain reaction for retroviral and herpesviral genes. Neither virus was detected. In contrast to other domestic animals, cutaneous lymphomas in European pet rabbits were highly pleomorphic and frequently contained multinucleated giant cells. Unexpectedly, the second most common subtype was T cell-rich B cell lymphoma, a subtype that is rare in species other than horses. Based on a limited number of samples, there was no support for a viral etiology that would explain the higher incidence of lymphoma in European pet rabbits compared with American pet rabbits. Further investigation into genetic and extrinsic factors associated with the development of these tumors is warranted.

  6. Changes in Foxp3-Positive Regulatory T Cell Number in the Intestine of Dogs With Idiopathic Inflammatory Bowel Disease and Intestinal Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maeda, S; Ohno, K; Fujiwara-Igarashi, A; Uchida, K; Tsujimoto, H

    2016-01-01

    Although regulatory T cells (Tregs) play an integral role in immunologic tolerance and the maintenance of intestinal homeostasis, their involvement in canine gastrointestinal diseases, including idiopathic inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) and intestinal lymphoma, remains unclear. Here we show altered numbers of forkhead box P3 (Foxp3)-positive Tregs in the intestine of dogs with IBD and intestinal lymphoma. IBD was diagnosed in 48 dogs; small cell intestinal lymphoma was diagnosed in 46 dogs; large cell intestinal lymphoma was diagnosed in 30 dogs; and 25 healthy beagles were used as normal controls. Foxp3-positive Tregs in the duodenal mucosa were examined by immunohistochemistry and immunofluorescence. Duodenal expression of interleukin-10 mRNA was quantified by real-time reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction. The number of Foxp3-positive lamina propria cells and the expression of interleukin-10 mRNA were significantly lower in dogs with IBD than in healthy dogs and dogs with intestinal lymphoma. The number of Foxp3-positive intraepithelial cells was higher in dogs with small cell intestinal lymphoma. Some large cell intestinal lymphoma cases had high numbers of Foxp3-positive cells, but the increase was not statistically significant. Double-labeling immunofluorescence showed that CD3-positive granzyme B-negative helper T cells expressed Foxp3. In small cell intestinal lymphoma cases, the overall survival of dogs with a high Treg density was significantly worse than that of dogs with a normal Treg density. These results suggest that a change in the number of Foxp3-positive Tregs contributes to the pathogenesis of canine IBD and intestinal lymphoma by disrupting mucosal tolerance and suppressing antitumor immunity, respectively. © The Author(s) 2015.

  7. Nab-paclitaxel/Rituximab-coated Nanoparticle AR160 in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-02-05

    Aggressive Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; CD20 Positive; Recurrent B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory B-Cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Refractory Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma

  8. [Two cases of subcutaneous panniculitis-like T-cell lymphoma (CD4- CD8+ CD56-)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Springinsfeld, G; Guillaume, J-C; Boeckler, P; Tortel, M-C; Cribier, B

    2009-03-01

    Subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma is a rare disease and diagnosis is often difficult. We report two cases of subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma simulating panniculitis and initially treated with systemic steroids. Case No. 1. A 75-year-old woman, otherwise asymptomatic, presented with plaques and nodules of the legs present for 4 months. Histological and immunohistochemical analysis revealed subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma of CD4- CD8+ CD56- phenotype. Improvement was observed with systemic steroids followed by radiotherapy. Case No. 2. A 53-year-old woman presented with a 10-year history of recurrent infiltrated plaques. Lupus panniculitis was evoked but not confirmed. In the context of new panniculitis lesions, histological examination showed a dense lymphocytic infiltrate involving the fat lobules. Lymphocyte immunophenotyping and genotyping led to a diagnosis of subcutaneous T-cell lymphoma of CD4- CD8+ CD56- phenotype. Molecular analysis showed T-cell monoclonality (alpha beta). The lesions improved after few months of systemic corticosteroids. Although new nodular lesions appeared from time to time, further therapy was not deemed necessary. A distinction is currently made between two types of subcutaneous T-cell lymphomas and the prognosis and therapeutic consequences differ widely. In our two patients, subcutaneous CD8+ T-cell lymphoma was diagnosed. The clinical course was indolent in both cases. Differential diagnosis with regard to lupus panniculitis can be difficult because of its slow progression. In such cases of low-grade lymphomas, first-line therapy may be limited to systemic corticosteroids.

  9. B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring characterized by distinctive clinical and histopathological features: a comparison of pediatric to adult patients.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Lei; Al-Kzayer, Lika'a Fasih Y; Liu, Yi; Liu, Tingting

    2017-02-14

    B-cell lymphomas involving Waldeyer's ring (WR) comprise heterogeneous histolopathological subtypes with a wide age range and distinctive clinical features. However, the comparison between pediatric and adult patients is scarce and limited in the literature. Thirty-three cases of B-cell lymphomas involving WR, were collected and evaluated by histolopathological, immunohistochemical and FISH analyses. The 33 cases were categorized into children and adolescents referred as pediatric group (n = 12), aged (3-19) years and the adult group (n = 21), aged (20-84) years. The pediatric group included Burkitt lymphoma (BL), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) and MUM1-positive-lymphoma in 7, 3 and 2 cases, respectively. While the adult cases comprised of DLBCL, follicular lymphoma, and mucosa associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma in 18, 2 and 1 case, respectively. Male gender was predominant in both groups with 3 folds frequency in the pediatric cases compared to 2 folds in the adults counterpart. Pediatric cases showed a significantly higher frequency of stage I disease (P = 0.019), germinal center B-cell (GCB) phenotype (P = 0.011), CD10-positive expression (P = 0.003), and MYC breaks (P = 0.029) compared to adults. However, MUM1 positive expression was less frequently detected in pediatric patients than adults (P = 0.082). BCL2 rearrangement was undetectable in both pediatric and adult groups. On the other hand, adult group had the significantly higher proportion of DLBCL (P adult age groups.

  10. Cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma diffusely involving the entire gastrointestinal tract associated with Epstein-Barr virus and tubercle bacilli infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Y; Muta, K; Ohshima, K; Hirase, N; Matsushima, T; Yufu, Y; Nishimura, J; Nawata, H

    2000-06-01

    We describe a rare case of cytotoxic gastrointestinal T-cell lymphoma with protein-losing enteropathy. Initial examination revealed the coexistence of T-cell lymphoma and tuberculosis in the mesenteric lymph node and liver. Despite anti-tuberculosis and anti-cancer treatment, the patient experienced chronic diarrhea and malabsorption and died approximately 3 years after onset. Autopsy specimens revealed medium-sized lymphoma cells, with a phenotype of CD3+, CD4-, CD7+, CD8+, CD30-, CD56-, CD103 (HML-1)-, TIA-1+, and granzyme B+, proliferating primarily and consistently in the mucosa of the entire bowel tract from esophagus to rectum. Interestingly, Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-encoded small nuclear RNAs were detected in the tumors by in situ hybridization. Southern blot analysis revealed monoclonal proliferation in the EBV-infected T cells. Although the present case can possibly be categorized as an intestinal T-cell lymphoma according to the Revised European-American Lymphoma Classification, the case showed a unique clinical course and distribution of lymphoma cells. We present here an interesting case of gastrointestinal cytotoxic T-cell lymphoma and examine the possible association with infectious agents.

  11. Comparative evaluation of bone marrow aspirate with trephine biopsy in hematological disorders and determination of optimum trephine length in lymphoma infiltration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goyal, Surbhi; Singh, Usha Rani; Rusia, Usha

    2014-01-02

    Bone marrow examination is an indispensable diagnostic tool to evaluate neoplastic and non neoplastic hematological diseases. To compare bone marrow aspirate with trephine biopsy in hematological disorders. To determine the optimum trephine preprocessing length in lymphoma infiltration. Diagnostic comparison was done between simultaneous bone marrow aspirates and trephine biopsies in 449 patients. Biopsies were fixed in formalin, decalcified in 5.5% EDTA and routinely processed. Concordance rates and validity parameters for aspirate were calculated. Three deeper sections of trephine biopsy, cut at 0.1-0.2 mm intervals, were assessed for lymphoma involvement. Proportion of biopsies showing marrow infiltration by lymphoma cells was plotted against trephine length and correlation was assessed. Aspirate had a high sensitivity for acute leukemia (89.4%) and multiple myeloma (88.5%), moderate for NHL (67.6%) and nonhematopoietic metastases (58.3%) and low for aplastic anemia (38.5%) and Hodgkin lymphoma (5%). Aspirate has no role in granulomatous myelitis and myelofibrosis. Lymphoma positivity increased with trephine length, with maximum positivity (68.9%) seen in 17-20 mm group and no further gain beyond 20 mm. (lymphoma positivity ≤16mm=40.3% and ≥17mm=66.1%, p=0.0011). Aspirate has a high specificity; its sensitivity depends upon the type of disease. Apart from few conditions, in which aspirate alone is sufficient, biopsy is mandatory in most. Preprocessing trephine length of 17-20 mm examined at multiple deeper levels was found optimal for assessing lymphoma positivity.

  12. A new prognostic index (MIPI) for patients with advanced-stage mantle cell lymphoma

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoster, Eva; Dreyling, Martin; Klapper, Wolfram; Gisselbrecht, Christian; van Hoof, Achiel; Kluin-Nelemans, Hanneke C.; Pfreundschuh, Michael; Reiser, Marcel; Metzner, Bernd; Einsele, Hermann; Peter, Norma; Jung, Wolfram; Woermann, Bernhard; Ludwig, Wolf-Dieter; Duehrsen, Ulrich; Eimermacher, Hartmut; Wandt, Hannes; Hasford, Joerg; Hiddemann, Wolfgang; Unterhalt, Michael

    2008-01-01

    There is no generally established prognostic index for patients with mantle cell lymphoma (MCL), because the International Prognostic Index (IPI) and Follicular Lymphoma International Prognostic Index (FLIPI) have been developed for diffuse large cell and follicular lymphoma patients, respectively.

  13. Transformation to aggressive lymphoma in nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Mansour, Mubarak; Connors, Joseph M; Gascoyne, Randy D; Skinnider, Brian; Savage, Kerry J

    2010-02-10

    PURPOSE Prior observations suggest a higher risk of transformation of nodular lymphocyte-predominant Hodgkin's lymphoma (NLPHL) to aggressive lymphoma, most commonly diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL), than in classical Hodgkin's lymphoma. We evaluated the frequency of transformation in all patients diagnosed with NLPHL at the British Columbia Cancer Agency with long-term follow-up. PATIENTS AND METHODS The Lymphoid Cancer Database of the British Columbia Cancer Agency was searched to identify all patients diagnosed with NLPHL between 1965 and 2006. After pathologic review, 95 patients with NLPHL were confirmed. Results Patients with NLPHL had the following characteristics at diagnosis: median age of 37 years, 73% male, and 68% stage I or II disease. With a median follow-up time for living patients of 6.5 years (range, 2.5 to 33 years), 13 patients (14%) experienced transformation to aggressive lymphoma (median time to transformation, 8.1 years; range, 0.35 to 20.3 years). The actuarial risk of transformation to aggressive lymphoma was 7% and 30% at 10 and 20 years, respectively. Transformation was more likely in patients with initial splenic involvement (P = .006) at the time of diagnosis of NLPHL. The 10-year progression-free and overall survival rates in patients with transformed lymphoma were 52% and 62%, respectively. CONCLUSION The risk of transformation in patients with NLPHL to DLBCL is substantial and underappreciated. Because transformation can occur years after the primary diagnosis of NLPHL, long-term follow-up of these individuals is necessary to accurately estimate the risk of development of secondary DLBCL.

  14. Canine lymphoma as a comparative model for human non-Hodgkin lymphoma: recent progress and applications.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Daisuke; Frantz, Aric M; Modiano, Jaime F

    2014-06-15

    The term "lymphoma" describes a heterogeneous group of disorders involving monoclonal proliferation of malignant lymphocytes. As a group, lymphomas are among the most common tumors of dogs. Yet our enumeration and understanding of the many subtypes of lymphoma have been relatively slow, perhaps in part because for many years lymphoma was treated as a singular entity rather than a group of distinct diseases. The recognition that the full spectrum of lymphoid malignancies seen in humans also occurs in dogs, and that these tumors retain not only morphologic similarities and biological behavior but also synonymous driver molecular abnormalities, sets an ideal stage for dual-purpose research that can accelerate progress for these diseases in both species. Specifically, dogs represent exceptional models for defining causality, understanding progression, and developing new treatments for lymphoma in comparatively brief windows of time. Unique advantages of canine models include (1) spontaneous disease occurring without an isogenic background or genetic engineering; (2) chronology of disease adapted to lifespan, (3) shared environment and societal status that allows dogs to be treated as "patients," while at the same time being able to ethically explore translational innovations that are not possible in human subjects; and (4) organization of dogs into breeds with relatively homogeneous genetic backgrounds and distinct predisposition for lymphomas. Here, we will review recent studies describing intrinsic and extrinsic factors that contribute to the pathogenesis of canine and human lymphomas, as well as newly developed tools that will enhance the fidelity of these models to improve diagnosis and develop new treatments. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.

  15. Lenalidomide in Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphomas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Chiappella

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse Large B-cell Lymphomas (DLBCL are the most frequent Non-Hodgkin Lymphomas (NHL. The addition of Rituximab to the standard chemotherapy CHOP improved the outcome in this patients, but so far 40% of patients experienced relapse or progressive disease. Lenalidomide, an immunomodulatory agent, had direct tumoricidal and antiangiogenetic actions on tumor cells and was able to modulate tumor-cell microenvironment, with the restoration of impaired T-cell activity and the formation of immuno-synapsis. Based on these actions, lenalidomide represented an active drug on aggressive relapsed NHL. In this review, the most relevant clinical trials for the use of lenalidomide in DLBCL were reported. Monotherapy with lenalidomide showed an activity in term of overall response rate, with acceptable hematological and extrahematological toxicities in relapsed/refractory aggressive NHL. The role of lenalidomide as salvage therapy in both cell of origin patterns in DLBCL (germinal center B-cell/activated B-cell was reported in preliminary data. Preliminary data regarding the role of lenalidomide in addition to chemoimmunotherapy (R-CHOP in first line clinical trials were discussed; data of safety, feasibility and efficacy were promising.

  16. Plasmablastic Lymphoma: A Review of Current Knowledge and Future Directions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghaleb Elyamany

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Plasmablastic lymphoma (PBL is an aggressive subtype of non-Hodgkin’s lymphoma (NHL, which frequently arises in the oral cavity of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV infected patients. PBL shows diffuse proliferation of large neoplastic cells resembling B-immunoblasts/plasmablasts, or with plasmacytic features and an immunophenotype of plasma cells. PBL remains a diagnostic challenge due to its peculiar morphology and an immunohistochemical profile similar to plasma cell myeloma (PCM. PBL is also a therapeutic challenge with a clinical course characterized by a high rate of relapse and death. There is no standard chemotherapy protocol for treatment of PBL. Cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone (CHOP or CHOP-like regimens have been the backbone while more intensive regimens such as cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, high-dose methotrexate/ifosfamide, etoposide, high-dose cytarabine (CODOX-M/IVAC, or dose-adjusted etoposide, prednisone, vincristine, cyclophosphamide, and doxorubicin (DA-EPOCH are possible options. Recently, a few studies have reported the potential value of the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib and thalidomide in PBL patients. The introduction of genes encoding artificial receptors called chimeric antigen receptors (CARs and CAR-modified T cells targeted to the B cell-specific CD19 antigen have demonstrated promising results in multiple early clinical trials. The aim of this paper is to review the recent advances in epidemiology; pathophysiology; clinical, pathologic, and molecular characteristics; therapy; and outcome in patients with PBL.

  17. Primary cutaneous smoldering adult T-cell leukemia/ lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gittler, Julia; Martires, Kathryn; Terushkin, Vitaly; Brinster, Nooshin; Ramsay, David

    2016-12-15

    HTLV-1 is a virus that is endemic in southwesternJapan and the Caribbean and has been implicatedin the development of ATLL. ATLL, which is anuncommon malignant condition of peripheralT-lymphocytes, is characterized by four clinicalsubtypes, which include acute, lymphomatous,chronic, and smoldering types, that are based onLDH levels, calcium levels, and extent of organinvolvement. We present a 52-year- old woman withpruritic patches with scale on the buttocks and withtender, hyperpigmented macules and papules oftwo-years duration. Histopathologic examinationwas suggestive of mycosis fungoides, laboratoryresults showed HTLV-I and II, and the patient wasdiagnosed with primary cutaneous ATLL. We reviewthe literature on HTLV-1 and ATLL and specifically theprognosis of cutaneous ATLL. The literature suggeststhat a diagnosis of ATLL should be considered amongpatients of Caribbean origin or other endemicareas with skin lesions that suggest a cutaneousT-cell lymphoma, with clinicopathologic features ofmycosis fungoides. Differentiation between ATLLand cutaneous T-cell lymphoma is imperative as theyhave different prognoses and treatment approaches.

  18. Clinical and prognostic significance of aberrant T-cell marker expression in 225 cases of de novo diffuse large B-cell lymphoma and 276 cases of other B-cell lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsuyama, Naoko; Ennishi, Daisuke; Yokoyama, Masahiro; Baba, Satoko; Asaka, Reimi; Mishima, Yuko; Terui, Yasuhito; Hatake, Kiyohiko; Takeuchi, Kengo

    2017-01-01

    Expression of T-cell markers, generally investigated for immunophenotyping of T-cell lymphomas, is also observed in several types of B-cell lymphomas, including diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). We previously reported that CD5 expression in DLBCL is an inferior prognostic factor in the era of rituximab. However, data regarding the frequencies, histological relevance, and prognostic importance of T-cell markers other than CD5 are currently unavailable. In the present study, we comprehensively evaluated the expression of T-cell markers (CD2, CD3, CD4, CD5, CD7, and CD8) in 501 B-cell lymphomas, including 225 DLBCLs, by flow cytometry and subsequent immunohistochemistry. T-cell markers other than CD5, such as CD2, CD4, CD7, and CD8, were expressed in 27 (5%) patients, and notably, all of these cases were classified as large B-cell lymphoma subtypes: 25 DLBCLs and 2 intravascular large B-cell lymphomas. CD5 and other T-cell markers were expressed in 15% (31/225) and 10% (25/225) of DLBCL cases, respectively. Five of them co-expressed CD5 and other T-cell markers. Retrospectively analyzing the prognostic relevance of T-cell markers in 169 patients with primary DLBCL treated with rituximab-based chemotherapy, we showed that only CD5 was a strong predictor of poor survival. This study provides information about the occurrence of T-cell markers other than CD5 in B-cell lymphomas, their frequent histological subtypes, and their prognostic significance in DLBCL. CD5 was reconfirmed as a negative prognostic marker in DLBCL patients receiving rituximab-inclusive chemotherapy, whereas T-cell markers other than CD5 were found to have no impact on clinicopathological and survival analyses. PMID:28380441

  19. Nivolumab With or Without Varlilumab in Treating Patients With Relapsed or Refractory Aggressive B-cell Lymphomas

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-10-16

    ALK-Positive Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Atypical Burkitt/Burkitt-Like Lymphoma; Burkitt-Like Lymphoma With 11q Aberration; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Activated B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Associated With Chronic Inflammation; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma Germinal Center B-Cell Type; Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; EBV-Positive Mucocutaneous Ulcer; High-Grade B-Cell Lymphoma With MYC, BCL2, and BCL6 Rearrangements; Human Herpesvirus-8-Positive Neoplastic Cells Present; Intravascular Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Large B-Cell Lymphoma With IRF4 Rearrangement; Plasmablastic Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Primary Cutaneous Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma, Leg Type; Primary Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma of the Central Nervous System; Primary Effusion Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Burkitt Lymphoma; Refractory Diffuse Large B-Cell Lymphoma; Refractory Mediastinal (Thymic) Large B-Cell Cell Lymphoma; Skin Ulcer; Small Intestinal High Grade B-Cell Lymphoma, Not Otherwise Specified; T-Cell/Histiocyte-Rich Large B-Cell Lymphoma

  20. Marek's disease is a natural model for lymphomas overexpressing Hodgkin's disease antigen (CD30).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Burgess, S C; Young, J R; Baaten, B J G; Hunt, L; Ross, L N J; Parcells, M S; Kumar, P M; Tregaskes, C A; Lee, L F; Davison, T F

    2004-09-21

    Animal models are essential for elucidating the molecular mechanisms of carcinogenesis. Hodgkin's and many diverse non-Hodgkin's lymphomas overexpress the Hodgkin's disease antigen CD30 (CD30(hi)), a tumor necrosis factor receptor II family member. Here we show that chicken Marek's disease (MD) lymphoma cells are also CD30(hi) and are a unique natural model for CD30(hi) lymphoma. Chicken CD30 resembles an ancestral form, and we identify a previously undescribed potential cytoplasmic signaling domain conserved in chicken, human, and mouse CD30. Our phylogeneic analysis defines a relationship between the structures of human and mouse CD30 and confirms that mouse CD30 represents the ancestral mammalian gene structure. CD30 expression by MD virus (MDV)-transformed lymphocytes correlates with expression of the MDV Meq putative oncogene (a c-Jun homologue) in vivo. The chicken CD30 promoter has 15 predicted high-stringency Meq-binding transcription factor recognition motifs, and Meq enhances transcription from the CD30 promoter in vitro. Plasma proteomics identified a soluble form of CD30. CD30 overexpression is evolutionarily conserved and defines one class of neoplastic transformation events, regardless of etiology. We propose that CD30 is a component of a critical intracellular signaling pathway perturbed in neoplastic transformation. Specific anti-CD30 Igs occurred after infection of genetically MD-resistant chickens with oncogenic MDV, suggesting immunity to CD30 could play a role in MD lymphoma regression.

  1. Frequent disruption of the RB1 pathway in diffuse large B cell lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Møller, M B; Kania, Per Walter; Ino, Y

    2000-01-01

    In the present study, we analysed 34 de novo diffuse large B cell lymphoma (DLCL) from a population-based lymphoma registry for alterations of the RB1 pathway at the genetic (RB1 and CDK4) and protein (pRb, cyclin D1, cyclin D3, CDK4, and E2F-1) level. The results were correlated with the data from...... inactivation, cyclin D3 overexpression, or aberrant pRb expression was identified in 18 of 34 DLCLs (53%). Combining these results with our previous p53 pathway studies showed that 82% of the de novo DLCLs had alterations of these pathways, and that both pathways were altered in 13 cases (38%). Low E2F-1...... as tumour suppressor gene in lymphoma and strongly suggest that the RB1 and p53 pathways are important in the development of de novo DLCL. Furthermore, low E2F-1 expression and p16INK4A inactivation may serve as prognostic markers for patients with this type of lymphoma....

  2. Expression and functional relevance of cannabinoid receptor 1 in Hodgkin lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alexander H Benz

    Full Text Available Cannabinoid receptor 1 (CB1 is expressed in certain types of malignancies. An analysis of CB1 expression and function in Hodgkin lymphoma (HL, one of the most frequent lymphomas, was not performed to date.We examined the distribution of CB1 protein in primary cases of HL. Using lymphoma derived cell lines, the role of CB1 signaling on cell survival was investigated.A predominant expression of CB1 was found in Hodgkin-Reed-Sternberg cells in a vast majority of classical HL cases. The HL cell lines L428, L540 and KM-H2 showed strong CB1-abundance and displayed a dose-dependent decline of viability under CB1 inhibition with AM251. Further, application of AM251 led to decrease of constitutively active NFκB/p65, a crucial survival factor of HRS-cells, and was followed by elevation of apoptotic markers in HL cells.The present study identifies CB1 as a feature of HL, which might serve as a potential selective target in the treatment of Hodgkin lymphoma.

  3. Hodgkin’s Lymphoma Revealed by Hemophagocytic Lymphohistiocytosis in a Child

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarra Benmiloud

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH is a severe life-threatening disorder, responsible for extensive phagocytosis of hematopoietic cells and causing a multisystem organ failure. If lymphomas are common causes of HLH, the association with Hodgkin’s lymphoma is rarely described in children. We report a case of a 9-year-old boy presenting with HLH as an initial manifestation of Hodgkin’s lymphoma. He has been suffering from persistent high fever, asthenia, weight loss, and hepatosplenomegaly with no lymphadenopathy. The diagnosis of HLH secondary to infectious disease was initially worn. The patient received high-dose intravenous immunoglobulin with broad-spectrum antibiotics. However, his state got worse with the onset of dry cough and pleural effusion. Histopathologic examination of pleural fluid showed the presence of Reed-Sternberg cells. The outcome was favorable after treatment by corticosteroid and chemotherapy. Hodgkin’s lymphoma revealed by HLH is a source of delayed diagnosis and should be borne in mind in children.

  4. Common Variable Immunodeficiency Associated with Hepatosplenic T-Cell Lymphoma Mimicking Juvenile Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. A. Jesus

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID is a heterogeneous disorder with susceptibility to infections, autoimmune manifestations, and cancer. To our knowledge, CIVD with T-cell lymphoma mimicking juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE was not described in the literature, and one case was reported herein. An 8-year-old female was admitted in our Pediatric Immunology Unit with a clinical history of hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent upper respiratory infections, and pneumonias. She had a marked decrease of three serum immunoglobulin isotypes, and the diagnosis of CVID was established. At the age of 17 years, she presented with oral ulceration, nonerosive arthritis, nephritis, serositis, cytopenia, positive antiphospholipid antibodies, and positive antinuclear antibody fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR criteria for SLE. She was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone for three consecutive days, and intravenous immunoglobulin, and maintenance therapy of chloroquine, azathioprine and prednisone 40 mg/day. Two months later, she died of septic shock secondary to acute pneumonia. The necropsy showed hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma with diffuse involvement of bone marrow, spleen, liver, and lungs. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD3 immunostaining and negative for CD20 and lysozyme. In conclusion, the association of CVID and hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma may simulate JSLE diagnosis.

  5. Common variable immunodeficiency associated with hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma mimicking juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jesus, A A; Jacob, C M A; Silva, C A; Dorna, M; Pastorino, A C; Carneiro-Sampaio, M

    2011-01-01

    Common variable immunodeficiency (CVID) is a heterogeneous disorder with susceptibility to infections, autoimmune manifestations, and cancer. To our knowledge, CIVD with T-cell lymphoma mimicking juvenile systemic lupus erythematosus (JSLE) was not described in the literature, and one case was reported herein. An 8-year-old female was admitted in our Pediatric Immunology Unit with a clinical history of hypogammaglobulinemia, recurrent upper respiratory infections, and pneumonias. She had a marked decrease of three serum immunoglobulin isotypes, and the diagnosis of CVID was established. At the age of 17 years, she presented with oral ulceration, nonerosive arthritis, nephritis, serositis, cytopenia, positive antiphospholipid antibodies, and positive antinuclear antibody fulfilling the American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria for SLE. She was treated with intravenous methylprednisolone for three consecutive days, and intravenous immunoglobulin, and maintenance therapy of chloroquine, azathioprine and prednisone 40  mg/day. Two months later, she died of septic shock secondary to acute pneumonia. The necropsy showed hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma with diffuse involvement of bone marrow, spleen, liver, and lungs. The lymphoma cells were positive for CD3 immunostaining and negative for CD20 and lysozyme. In conclusion, the association of CVID and hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma may simulate JSLE diagnosis.

  6. Primary testicular and paratesticular lymphoma: a retrospective clinicopathologic study of 34 cases with emphasis on differential diagnosis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Abbadi, Mousa A; Hattab, Eyas M; Tarawneh, Musleh; Orazi, Attilio; Ulbright, Thomas M

    2007-07-01

    Recent reports indicate the rate of primary testicular lymphomas is on the rise and misdiagnosis can still occur. To review and investigate the clinicopathologic features of primary testicular lymphoma with emphasis on the differential diagnosis. Discussion about the issue of misdiagnosis is also presented. Retrospective review of pathology archives in 3 medical centers for cases fulfilling criteria of primary testicular lymphoma or paratesticular lymphoma was carried out. Clinicopathologic and immunohistochemical features were studied and analyzed. The search identified 34 cases. Patients ranged from 4 to 87 years of age (mean, 55 years). All presented with a testicular/paratesticular mass and were stage I. The masses ranged from 2.5 to 13 cm (mean, 5.6 cm). Microscopically, the tumors often had an intertubular growth pattern or diffuse arrangement of predominantly large cells with pleomorphic, twisted nuclei and small nucleoli. Mitotic activity was brisk and apoptotic bodies were abundant. Thirty-two tumors were classified as diffuse large cell lymphomas; immunophenotype was determined in 21 of these and all were of B-cell type. The median survival was 96 months. The rate of initial misdiagnosis was unexpectedly high (5 cases, 15%). Most cases of primary testicular lymphoma fall into the broad category of diffuse large cell lymphoma and the majority are B-cell type with particularly high proliferative activity when characterized by appropriate immunophenotyping. Misdiagnosis can occur, especially in those cases in which presentation occurs at an age similar to that for germ cell tumors, showing the need for caution and appropriate immunostaining when a testicular neoplasm has an atypical appearance for a germ cell tumor.

  7. EBV-positive B cell cerebral lymphoma 12 years after sex-mismatched kidney transplantation: post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorder or donor-derived lymphoma?

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Phelan, Paul J

    2010-06-01

    We present a follow-up case report of possible transmission of lymphoma 12 years after deceased-donor renal transplantation from a male donor who was found at autopsy to have had an occult lymphoma. The female recipient underwent prompt transplant nephrectomy. However, 12 years later, she presented with cerebral B cell lymphoma. A donor origin for the cerebral lymphoma was supported by in situ hybridization demonstration of a Y chromosome in the lymphoma. There was a dramatic resolution of the cerebral lesions with tapering of immunosuppression and introduction of rituximab treatment. The finding of a Y chromosome in the cerebral lymphoma does not exclude a host contribution to lymphoma development.

  8. Induction of B-cell lymphoma by UVB Radiation in p53 Haploinsufficient Mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ullrich Stephen E

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The incidence of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma has increased over recent years. The exact etiology of lymphoma remains unknown. Ultraviolet light exposure has been associated with the development of internal lymphoid malignancies and some reports suggest that it may play a role in the development of lymphoma in humans. Here we describe the characterization and progression of lymphoma in p53 heterozygous mice exposed to UVB irradiation. Methods UVB-irradiated p53+/- mice developed enlargement of the spleen. Isolated spleen cells were transplanted into Rag deficient hosts. The UV-induced tumor cells were analyzed by flow cytometry. The tumor cells were tagged with GFP to study their metastatic potential. SKY and karyotypic analysis were carried out for the detection of chromosomal abnormalities. Functional assays included in vitro class switch recombination assay, immunoglobulin rearrangement assay, as well as cytokine profiling. Results UVB-exposed mice showed enlargement of the spleen and lymph nodes. Cells transplanted into Rag deficient mice developed aggressive tumors that infiltrated the lymph nodes, the spleen and the bone marrow. The tumor cells did not grow in immune competent syngeneic C57Bl/6 mice yet showed a modest growth in UV-irradiated B6 mice. Phenotypic analysis of these tumor cells revealed these cells are positive for B cell markers CD19+, CD5+, B220+, IgM+ and negative for T cell, NK or dendritic cell markers. The UV-induced tumor cells underwent robust in vitro immunoglobulin class switch recombination in response to lipopolysaccharide. Cytogenetic analysis revealed a t(14;19 translocation and trisomy of chromosome 6. These tumor cells secret IL-10, which can promote tumor growth and cause systemic immunosuppression. Conclusion UV-irradiated p53+/- mice developed lymphoid tumors that corresponded to a mature B cell lymphoma. Our results suggest that an indirect mechanism is involved in the development of internal

  9. Orbital T-Cell Lymphoma with Discrete Enlargements of All Extraocular Muscles Bilaterally in Patient with Moon Face Countenance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hideaki Kawakami

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Purpose. To report our findings in a case of orbital T-cell lymphoma in which all of the extraocular muscles (EOMs were bilaterally and discretely enlarged and the patient had a moon face countenance. Case. A 59-year-old woman presented with visual disturbances in her left eye, hyperemia in both eyes, and a moon face countenance. Examinations showed limited upward gaze in the right eye, blepharoptosis, hypertropia, and limited downward and rightward gaze in the left eye. Slit-lamp examination showed only chemosis and hyperemia of both eyes. Magnetic resonance imaging with contrast revealed discrete enlargements of the muscle bellies in all EOMs without abnormalities of the orbital fat in both eyes. Blood examinations excluded thyroid- and IgG4-related ophthalmopathy, and EOM biopsy revealed peripheral T-cell lymphoma. After beginning aggressive chemotherapy, the enlarged EOMs, limited eye motility, and moon face countenance improved. Unfortunately, the patient died of sepsis during the chemotherapy. Conclusions. A lymphoma should be included in the differential diagnosis of eyes with enlarged EOMs. Because lymphomas can lead to death, it is important for clinicians to consider lymphomas in eyes with enlarged EOMs.

  10. Specific targeting of whole lymphoma cells to dendritic cells ex vivo provides a potent antitumor vaccine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mocikat Ralph

    2007-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Dendritic cells (DC pulsed with tumor-derived antigenic material have widely been used in antitumor vaccination protocols. However, the optimal strategy of DC loading has not yet been established. Our aim was to define requirements of optimal DC vaccines in terms of in vivo protection in a murine B-cell lymphoma model. Methods We compare various loading reagents including whole parental and modified tumor cells and a single tumor-specific antigen, namely the lymphoma idiotype (Id. Bone marrow-derived DC were pulsed in vitro and used for therapy of established A20 lymphomas. Results We show that a vaccine with superior antitumor efficacy can be generated when DC are loaded with whole modified tumor cells which provide both (i antigenic polyvalency and (ii receptor-mediated antigen internalization. Uptake of cellular material was greatly enhanced when the tumor cells used for DC pulsing were engineered to express an anti-Fc receptor immunoglobulin specificity. Upon transfer of these DC, established tumor burdens were eradicated in 50% of mice. By contrast, pulsing DC with unmodified lymphoma cells or with the lymphoma Id, even when it was endowed with the anti-Fc receptor binding arm, was far less effective. A specific humoral anti-Id response could be detected, particularly following delivery of Id protein-pulsed DC, but it was not predictive of tumor protection. Instead a T-cell response was pivotal for successful tumor protection. Interaction of the transferred DC with CD8+ T lymphocytes seemed to play a role for induction of the immune response but was dispensable when DC had received an additional maturation stimulus. Conclusion Our analyses show that the advantages of specific antigen redirection and antigenic polyvalency can be combined to generate DC-based vaccines with superior antitumor efficacy. This mouse model may provide information for the standardization of DC-based vaccination protocols.

  11. Ran GTPase-activating protein 1 is a therapeutic target in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kung-Chao Chang

    Full Text Available Lymphoma-specific biomarkers contribute to therapeutic strategies and the study of tumorigenesis. Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most common type of malignant lymphoma. However, only 50% of patients experience long-term survival after current treatment; therefore, developing novel therapeutic strategies is warranted. Comparative proteomic analysis of two DLBCL lines with a B-lymphoblastoid cell line (LCL showed differential expression of Ran GTPase-activating protein 1 (RanGAP1 between them, which was confirmed using immunoblotting. Immunostaining showed that the majority of DLBCLs (92%, 46/50 were RanGAP1(+, while reactive lymphoid hyperplasia (n = 12 was RanGAP1(+ predominantly in germinal centers. RanGAP1 was also highly expressed in other B-cell lymphomas (BCL, n = 180 with brisk mitotic activity (B-lymphoblastic lymphoma/leukemia: 93%, and Burkitt lymphoma: 95% or cell-cycle dysregulation (mantle cell lymphoma: 83%, and Hodgkin's lymphoma 91%. Interestingly, serum RanGAP1 level was higher in patients with high-grade BCL (1.71 ± 2.28 ng/mL, n = 62 than in low-grade BCL (0.75 ± 2.12 ng/mL, n = 52 and healthy controls (0.55 ± 1.58 ng/mL, n = 75 (high-grade BCL vs. low-grade BCL, p = 0.002; high-grade BCL vs. control, p < 0.001, Mann-Whitney U test. In vitro, RNA interference of RanGAP1 showed no effect on LCL but enhanced DLBCL cell death (41% vs. 60%; p = 0.035 and cell-cycle arrest (G0/G1: 39% vs. 49%, G2/M: 19.0% vs. 7.5%; p = 0.030 along with decreased expression of TPX2 and Aurora kinases, the central regulators of mitotic cell division. Furthermore, ON 01910.Na (Estybon, a multikinase inhibitor induced cell death, mitotic cell arrest, and hyperphosphorylation of RanGAP1 in DLBCL cell lines but no effects in normal B and T cells. Therefore, RanGAP1 is a promising marker and therapeutic target for aggressive B-cell lymphoma, especially DLBCL.

  12. The molecular biology of diffuse large B-cell lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Frick, Mareike; Dörken, Bernd; Lenz, Georg

    2011-01-01

    Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) represents the most common type of malignant lymphoma. In the last few years, significant progress has been achieved in the understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of this entity. Gene expression profiling has identified three molecular DLBCL subtypes, termed germinal-center B-cell-like (GCB) DLBCL, activated B-cell-like (ABC) DLBCL, and primary mediastinal B-cell lymphoma (PMBL). In this review, we summarize our current understanding of the biology o...

  13. Lymphoma of the Eyelid - An International Multicenter Retrospective Study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Svendsen, Frederik Holm; Rasmussen, Peter Kristian; Coupland, Sarah E; Esmaeli, Bita; Finger, Paul T; Graue, Gerardo F; Grossniklaus, Hans E; Honavar, Santosh G; Khong, Jwu Jin; McKelvie, Penelope A; Mulay, Kaustubh; Ralfkiaer, Elisabeth; Sjö, Lene Dissing; Vemuganti, Geeta K; Thuro, Bradley A; Curtin, Jeremy; Heegaard, Steffen

    2017-05-01

    To document subtype-specific clinical features of lymphoma of the eyelid, and their effect on patient outcome. Retrospective observational case series. Patient data were collected from 7 international eye cancer centers from January 1, 1980 through December 31, 2015. The cases included primary and secondary lymphomas affecting the eyelid. Overall survival, disease-specific survival (DSS), and progression-free survival were the primary endpoints. Eighty-six patients were included. Mean age was 63 years and 47 (55%) were male. Non-Hodgkin B-cell lymphomas constituted 83% (n = 71) and T-cell lymphomas constituted 17% (n = 15). The most common subtypes were extranodal marginal-zone lymphoma (EMZL) (37% [n = 32]), follicular lymphoma (FL) (23% [n = 20]), diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL) (10% [n = 9]), mantle cell lymphoma (MCL) (8% [n = 7]), and mycosis fungoides (MF) (9% [n = 8]). EMZL had a female predilection (69% [22 of 32]), whereas MCL (71% [5 of 7]) and MF (88% [7 of 8]) had a male predominance. MCL (57% [4 of 7]), DLBCL (56% [5 of 9]), and MF (88% [7 of 8]) were frequently secondary lymphomas. Localized EMZL and FL were mostly treated with external beam radiation therapy, whereas DLBCL, MCL, and high Ann Arbor stage EMZL and FL were frequently treated with chemotherapy. DLBCL and MCL had a poor prognosis (5-year DSS, 21% and 50%, respectively), whereas EMZL, FL, and MF had a good prognosis (5-year DSS, 88%, 88% and 86%, respectively). Lymphoma of the eyelid consists mainly of the lymphoma subtypes EMZL, FL, DLBCL, MCL, and MF. High-grade DLBCL and MCL, as well as MF, are frequently secondary eyelid lymphomas. The main predictor of outcome was the histologic subtype: EMZL, FL, and MF had a significantly better prognosis than MCL and DLBCL. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  14. Primary lymphoma of the colon Linfoma primario de colon

    OpenAIRE

    Marta Pascual; Blanca Sánchez-González; Mar García; Miguel Pera; Luis Grande

    2013-01-01

    Background: primary colorectal lymphoma is a very rare disease, representing less than 0.5 % of all primary colorectal neoplasms. The gastrointestinal tract is the most frequently involved site of all extranodal lymphomas, the most common type of that is non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Early diagnosis is often difficult because of unspecific symptoms. Therapeutic approaches have classically included radical resection, chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Materials and methods: we present our experience in ...

  15. A Review of Mathematical Models for Leukemia and Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clapp, Geoffrey; Levy, Doron

    2015-01-01

    Recently, there has been significant activity in the mathematical community, aimed at developing quantitative tools for studying leukemia and lymphoma. Mathematical models have been applied to evaluate existing therapies and to suggest novel therapies. This article reviews the recent contributions of mathematical modeling to leukemia and lymphoma research. These developments suggest that mathematical modeling has great potential in this field. Collaboration between mathematicians, clinicians, and experimentalists can significantly improve leukemia and lymphoma therapy.

  16. Lymphoma of the cervix: A diagnostic pitfall on cervicovaginal smear

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aylin Orgen Calli

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Malignant lymphoma that secondarily involves the cervix is a rare condition and may be difficult to distinguish from follicular cervicitis and small cell carcinoma. Cervical lymphoma is sometimes misdiagnosed on cervicovaginal cytology due to its rarity. We report a case of a cervical lymphoma in a 65-year-old woman, which was diagnosed as a squamous cell carcinoma on cervicovaginal cytology.

  17. Feline gastrointestinal lymphoma: mucosal architecture, immunophenotype, and molecular clonality.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moore, P F; Rodriguez-Bertos, A; Kass, P H

    2012-07-01

    Gastrointestinal lymphomas were identified in 120 cats between 1995 and 2006. Lymphomas were classified according to the World Health Organization (WHO) scheme. Cats with mucosal T-cell lymphoma (n = 84) predominated and had a median survival of 29 months. Mucosal T-cell lymphoma matched WHO enteropathy-associated T-cell lymphoma (EATCL) type II. Epitheliotropic T-cell infiltrates were present in 62% of cats and occurred as clusters or diffuse infiltrates of small to intermediate-sized T cells in villous and/or crypt epithelium. Similar lymphocytes infiltrated the lamina propria in distinctive patterns. Cats with transmural T-cell lymphoma (n = 19) had a median survival of 1.5 months. Transmural T-cell lymphoma matched WHO EATCL type I. Epitheliotropic T-cell infiltrates were present in 58% of cats. Large lymphocytes (n = 11), mostly with cytoplasmic granules (LGL-granzyme B+) (n = 9) predominated. Transmural extension across the muscularis propria characterized the lesion. Both mucosal and transmural T-cell lymphomas were largely confined to the small intestine, and molecular clonality analysis revealed clonal or oligoclonal rearrangements of T-cell receptor-γ in 90% of cats. Cats with B-cell lymphoma (n = 19) had a median survival of 3.5 months. B-cell lymphomas occurred as transmural lesions in stomach, jejunum, and ileo-cecal-colic junction. The majority were diffuse, large B-cell lymphomas of centroblastic type. In conclusion, T-cell lymphomas characterized by distinctive mucosal architecture, CD3 expression, and clonal expansion predominated in the feline gastrointestinal tract.

  18. Genetically Modified T-cell Infusion Following Peripheral Blood Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Recurrent or High-Risk Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-26

    Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Cutaneous B-cell Non-Hodgkin Lymphoma; Extranodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma of Mucosa-associated Lymphoid Tissue; Intraocular Lymphoma; Nodal Marginal Zone B-cell Lymphoma; Post-transplant Lymphoproliferative Disorder; Recurrent Adult Burkitt Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Mixed Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Diffuse Small Cleaved Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Grade III Lymphomatoid Granulomatosis; Recurrent Adult Immunoblastic Large Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Adult Lymphoblastic Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 1 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 2 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Grade 3 Follicular Lymphoma; Recurrent Mantle Cell Lymphoma; Recurrent Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Recurrent Small Lymphocytic Lymphoma; Refractory Hairy Cell Leukemia; Small Intestine Lymphoma; Splenic Marginal Zone Lymphoma; Testicular Lymphoma; Waldenström Macroglobulinemia

  19. Relationship of intratumoural protein expression patterns to age and Epstein-Barr virus status in classical Hodgkin lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Maja; Kamper, Peter; Hamilton-Dutoit, Stephen Jacques

    2015-01-01

    In Western countries, the age distribution of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) follows a characteristic bimodal curve showing an early and a late peak at approximately 35 and 70 yr, respectively. Furthermore, the presence of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome in the Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells, the tum......In Western countries, the age distribution of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) follows a characteristic bimodal curve showing an early and a late peak at approximately 35 and 70 yr, respectively. Furthermore, the presence of latent Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) genome in the Hodgkin Reed-Sternberg cells...

  20. Reduced expression of TRIM21/Ro52 predicts poor prognosis in diffuse large B-cell lymphoma patients with and without rheumatic disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brauner, S; Zhou, W; Backlin, C

    2015-01-01

    between TRIM21 expression and proliferation of leucocytes in vitro. CONCLUSIONS: We show that loss of TRIM21 expression is associated with more aggressive lymphoma and increased proliferation, whereas maintenance of TRIM21 expression is associated with better prognosis in patients with DLBCL. Based on our...... findings, we suggest that TRIM21 should be considered as a novel biomarker for lymphoma characterization and for predicting patient survival....

  1. Modern Radiation Therapy for Primary Cutaneous Lymphomas: Field and Dose Guidelines From the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Specht, Lena, E-mail: lena.specht@regionh.dk [Departments of Oncology and Hematology, Rigshospitalet, University of Copenhagen, Copenhagen (Denmark); Dabaja, Bouthaina [Division of Radiation Oncology, Department of Radiation Oncology, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas (United States); Illidge, Tim [Institute of Cancer Sciences, University of Manchester, Manchester Academic Health Sciences Centre, The Christie National Health Service Foundation Trust, Manchester (United Kingdom); Wilson, Lynn D. [Department of Therapeutic Radiology, Yale University School of Medicine, New Haven, Connecticut (United States); Hoppe, Richard T. [Department of Radiation Oncology, Stanford University, Stanford, California (United States)

    2015-05-01

    Primary cutaneous lymphomas are a heterogeneous group of diseases. They often remain localized, and they generally have a more indolent course and a better prognosis than lymphomas in other locations. They are highly radiosensitive, and radiation therapy is an important part of the treatment, either as the sole treatment or as part of a multimodality approach. Radiation therapy of primary cutaneous lymphomas requires the use of special techniques that form the focus of these guidelines. The International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group has developed these guidelines after multinational meetings and analysis of available evidence. The guidelines represent an agreed consensus view of the International Lymphoma Radiation Oncology Group steering committee on the use of radiation therapy in primary cutaneous lymphomas in the modern era.

  2. A Rare Presentation of In Situ Mantle Cell Lymphoma and Follicular Lymphoma: A Case Report and Review of the Literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josephine Taverna

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A 65-year-old gentleman presented with left groin swelling over the course of two months. Physical exam revealed nontender left inguinal adenopathy, and computed tomography scans detected multiple lymph nodes in the mesenteric, aortocaval, and right common iliac regions. An excisional lymph node biopsy was performed. Pathologic evaluation demonstrated follicular center site which stained positive for PAX5, CD20, CD10, Bcl-2, Bcl-6, and mantle zone cells. These findings demonstrated CCND1 and CD5 positivity, suggesting composite lymphoma comprising follicular lymphoma (FL with in situ mantle cell lymphoma (MCLIS. FL is known as indolent non-Hodgkin lymphoma; however, the clinical significance of a coexisting MCLIS continues to be elusive, and optimal management of these patients remains largely unknown. This case illustrates the diagnostic and therapeutic challenges of composite lymphomas. This paper also discusses advances in molecular pathogenesis and lymphoma genomics which offer novel insights into these rare diseases.

  3. Cigarette smoking and risk of Hodgkin lymphoma and its subtypes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kamper-Jørgensen, Mads; Rostgaard, K; Glaser, S L

    2013-01-01

    The etiology of Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) remains incompletely characterized. Studies of the association between smoking and HL have yielded ambiguous results, possibly due to differences between HL subtypes....

  4. FDG PET/CT in children and adolescents with lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kluge, Regine; Kurch, Lars [University Hospital Leipzig, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Leipzig (Germany); Montravers, Francoise [Hospital Tenon, Department of Nuclear Medicine, Paris (France); Mauz-Koerholz, Christine [University Hospital Halle, Department of Paediatrics, Halle (Saale) (Germany)

    2013-04-15

    The aim of this review is to give an overview of FDG PET/CT applications in children and adolescents with lymphoma. Today, FDG PET is used for tailoring treatment intensity in children with Hodgkin lymphoma within the framework of international treatment optimisation protocols. In contrast, the role of this method in children with Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is not well defined. This paper overviews clinical appearance and metabolic behaviour of the most frequent lymphoma subtypes in childhood. The main focus of the review is to summarise knowledge about the role of FDG PET/CT for initial staging and early response assessment. (orig.)

  5. Visceral leishmaniasis diagnosed in a patient with MALT lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kaae, Jeanette; Nørgaard, Peter; Himmelstrup, B

    2007-01-01

    We report a case of visceral leishmaniasis in a 66-year-old female with a history of MALT lymphoma in the gastrointestinal tract. The patient presented with major hemorrhage per rectum and perforation of the small intestine. Due to unexplained decreasing platelets, lymphoma bone marrow involvement...... was suspected and bone marrow examination was performed. Surprisingly, Leishman-Donovan bodies were detected. The low platelet count, caused by the combination of MALT lymphoma and visceral leishmaniasis, appears to have aggravated the symptoms of the intestinal lymphoma. Leishmaniasis should be suspected even...... among asymptomatic patients with immune compromising illnesses and a travel history to areas where leishmaniasis is endemic....

  6. Pediatric Burkitt lymphoma presenting as acute pancreatitis: MRI characteristics

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amodio, John; Brodsky, Jennie E. [SUNY Downstate Medical Center, Department of Radiology, Brooklyn, NY (United States)

    2010-05-15

    Acute pancreatitis is a rare initial presentation of non-Hodgkin lymphoma with few reported cases described in older adults and even fewer in children. MRI features of Burkitt lymphoma of the pancreas are sparse in the radiologic literature. We present a 6-year-old boy who presented with pancreatitis and obstructive jaundice, which was the result of Burkitt lymphoma of the pancreas. The imaging findings of pancreatic involvement of Burkitt lymphoma on MRI are discussed and the contributory role of the radiologist in guiding the appropriate clinical work-up of this disease is highlighted. (orig.)

  7. Successful Robotic Excision and Early Chemotherapy for Primary Cardiac Lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moss, Emmanuel; Goldstein, Daniel A; Bradley, Kyle T; Flowers, Christopher R; Murphy, Douglas A

    2016-07-01

    We present a 67-year-old patient who underwent robotic excision of a mobile left ventricular mass found incidentally on echocardiography. Intraoperative findings revealed a pedunculated mass infiltrating the interventricular septum, and the results of pathologic examination of the frozen section were consistent with malignancy. The final pathologic examination showed a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma, and early chemotherapy was initiated. Follow-up cardiac positron emission tomography/computed tomography showed completely normal myocardium without evidence of malignancy. The lateral endoscopic robotic approach across the mitral valve permitted optimal tumor visualization and early chemotherapy initiation without concern for cardiac rupture or related adverse events. Copyright © 2016 The Society of Thoracic Surgeons. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  8. Surgical management of splenic marginal zone lymphoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kennedy, N D; Lê, G N; Kelly, M E; Harding, T; Fadalla, K; Winter, D C

    2017-10-17

    Splenic marginal zone lymphoma (SMZL) is a rare indolent B-cell lymphoma with variable prognosis. As a result, there is sparse knowledge on the role of splenectomy and best management approaches. We aim to explore management strategies and outcomes amongst the cohort of SMZL patients at our centre. A retrospective review of all splenectomies performed at a tertiary referral unit over a 23-year period was assessed. Immunohistochemical and pathological results of splenic samples, bone marrow biopsies, and peripheral blood were compiled. Operative management, surgical, and survival outcomes were assessed. Prognostic stratifications were applied and survival rates were calculated. Eight cases of SMZL from a database of 693 splenectomies were identified. All patients had intermediate/high-risk disease. All patients underwent splenectomy with one patient receiving preoperative rituximab. All patients had progression-free survival and resolution of disease. Based on the data obtained, current practice requires defined guidelines and centralised care.

  9. Orbital Lymphoma Mimicking Lacrimal Gland Pleomorphic Adenoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diego Strianese

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: To describe the case of a patient affected by orbital lymphoma mimicking pleomorphic adenoma of the lacrimal gland. Methods: This was a retrospective case report. Results: We present the case of a patient with 15-year history of slowly progressive left proptosis and inferomedial bulbar dislocation who had the presumptive diagnosis of lacrimal gland pleomorphic adenoma based on clinical and radiological features. The patient underwent lateral orbitotomy and lacrimal gland excision. Postoperative histological features were consistent with low-grade B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Conclusion: The accepted clinico-radiological criteria used for the diagnosis of lacrimal gland fossa lesions might have a certain false-positive rate, even in recent years. The initial surgical approach with the appropriate choice between fine-needle aspiration biopsies, intraoperative biopsies and lacrimal gland excisions might be a challenge.

  10. Dual diagnosis of sarcoidosis and lymphoma.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Brady, B

    2013-06-01

    Sarcoidosis is a multisystem granulomatous disease of unknown origin with pulmonary and extrapulmonary manifestations. Worldwide it is most often diagnosed in the third and fourth decades and most often affects Swedish, Danish and black patients. The association between malignancy and sarcoidosis has not been conclusively proven. Cancer can eventually occur in patients who have an established diagnosis of sarcoidosis for example, in sarcoidosis-lymphoma syndrome. Sarcoidosis can also subsequently develop in an oncology patient. There are multiple obstacles to confirming epidemiologically the linkage between sarcoidosis and malignancy. Histological verification and clinical acumen are needed to avoid misdiagnosis. The 18 fluorodeoxyglucose (18-FDG) PET has failed to provide a non invasive diagnostic method to differentiate neoplasia from benign sarcoid lesions and tissue diagnosis is essential before commencing a new therapeutic intervention in patients with lymphoma.

  11. High incidence of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-positive Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin lymphoma-like B-cell lymphoproliferations with EBV latency profile 2 in children with interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase deficiency.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bienemann, Kirsten; Borkhardt, Arndt; Klapper, Wolfram; Oschlies, Ilske

    2015-11-01

    Interleukin-2-inducible T-cell kinase (ITK) deficiency is an inherited T-cell deficiency characterized by the development of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV)-associated lymphoproliferations. We aimed to describe the histopathological features of lymphoproliferative processes arising in ITK deficiency, and to compare them with lymphoproliferations in otherwise immunocompromised patients. We revised the histopathological diagnoses of 12 biopsies of lymphoproliferations from seven ITK-deficient children according to the World Health Organization criteria, and determined the EBV latency types and lytic activity by staining for EBV-encoded small RNA, latent membrane protein 1, EBV nuclear antigen 2, and ZEBRA. We found polymorphic and borderline polymorphic to monomorphic B-cell lymphoproliferations with variable contents in large cells (five cases), a Hodgkin-like B-cell proliferation (one case), and classic mixed-cellularity Hodgkin lymphoma (six cases). All cases (12/12) were EBV-positive. The Hodgkin lymphoma-like and Hodgkin lymphoma, and all but one polymorphic B-cell lymphoproliferation, showed EBV latency type 2, as observed in classic EBV-positive Hodgkin lymphoma. The 100% EBV association, the high percentage of EBV-positive classic Hodgkin lymphoma and Hodgkin-like B-cell proliferations and the predominance of EBV latency type 2 even in polymorphic lesions are the main features of lymphoproliferations in patients with ITK deficiency, and suggest a unique pathomechanism of lymphomagenesis in this T-cell immunodeficiency. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  12. Revised response criteria for malignant lymphoma

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Cheson, Bruce D; Pfistner, Beate; Juweid, Malik E

    2007-01-01

    reassessment because of identified limitations and the increased use of [18F]fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography (PET), immunohistochemistry (IHC), and flow cytometry. The International Harmonization Project was convened to provide updated recommendations. RESULTS: New guidelines are presented...... incorporating PET, IHC, and flow cytometry for definitions of response in non-Hodgkin's and Hodgkin's lymphoma. Standardized definitions of end points are provided. CONCLUSION: We hope that these guidelines will be adopted widely by study groups, pharmaceutical and biotechnology companies, and regulatory...

  13. Limitations of PET for imaging lymphoma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Barrington, Sally F.; O' Doherty, Michael J. [Clinical PET Centre of Guy' s and St Thomas' Hospitals, St Thomas' Hospital, SE1 7EH, London (United Kingdom)

    2003-06-01

    The uptake of fluorine-18 fluorodeoxyglucose (FDG) is increased in processes with enhanced glycolysis, including malignancy. It is this property of FDG which is exploited in positron emission tomography (PET) imaging for lymphoma. FDG, whilst a good oncology tracer, is not perfect and there are limitations to its use. FDG may have low uptake in some types of lymphoma, predominantly low-grade lymphomas. High physiological uptake may occur within the bowel, urinary tract, muscle, salivary glands and lymphoid tissue. FDG is not specific for malignancy and increased uptake occurs in benign conditions with increased glycolysis such as infection, inflammation and granulomatous disease. Benign conditions usually have lower uptake than malignancy but there is overlap. These limitations of FDG mean that tumour may be 'missed', 'masked' or 'mimicked' by other pathology. These limitations are described in this article and methods to circumvent them where possible are discussed. These include performing baseline scans at presentation with lymphoma for comparison with post-treatment scans, simple manoeuvres to reduce physiological uptake such as administration of frusemide and diazepam and remaining alert to the possibility of alternative pathology in immunosuppressed patients. Patients with disease secondary to human immunodeficiency virus are a particular challenge in this regard as they often have dual or multiple pathology. One of the most important skills in PET reporting may be to recognise its limitations and be clear when a definitive answer cannot be given to the referring clinician's question. This may require using PET to direct the clinician to biopsy the site most likely to yield the correct diagnosis. (orig.)

  14. NKT Cell Responses to B Cell Lymphoma

    OpenAIRE

    Junxin Li; Wenji Sun; Subrahmanyam, Priyanka B.; Carly Page; Younger, Kenisha M.; Tiper, Irina V.; Matthew Frieman; Kimball, Amy S.; Webb, Tonya J

    2014-01-01

    Natural killer T (NKT) cells are a unique subset of CD1d-restricted T lymphocytes that express characteristics of both T cells and natural killer cells. NKT cells mediate tumor immune-surveillance; however, NKT cells are numerically reduced and functionally impaired in lymphoma patients. Many hematologic malignancies express CD1d molecules and co-stimulatory proteins needed to induce anti-tumor immunity by NKT cells, yet most tumors are poorly immunogenic. In this study, we sought to investig...

  15. Interest of the PET-CT with {sup 18}F.D.G. in the leg type B primitive cutaneous lymphomas. About one case; Interet de la TEP-TDM au 18 FDG dans les lymphomes cutanes primitifs B de type jambe. A propos de deux cas

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Thelu-Vanysacker, M.; Razzouk, M.; Darcourt, J. [CHU de Nice, Service de medecine nucleaire, hopital l' Archet, 06 (France); Gutnecht, J. [Hopital Frejus-Saint-Raphael, service d' hematologie, 83 (France); Hubiche, T. [Hopital Frejus-Saint-Raphael, service de dermatologie, 83 (France)

    2010-07-01

    Purpose: to show the interest of PET-CT with {sup 18}F.D.G. in the extension evaluation of 'leg type' B primitive skin lymphomas. They represent 20 to 25 % of skin lymphomas. Three are distinct: lymphomas of marginal area, follicular lymphomas and leg type big cells lymphomas. The two first ones are benign lymphomas and can be treated by excision or radiotherapy for localised forms. Leg type lymphomas are rare, localised on legs and with an unfavourable prognosis potential with frequent recurrences; a clinico histological confrontation and an extension evaluation must allow to propose the best adapted therapy options on avoiding the needlessly aggressive treatments in the forms of good prognosis. Conclusions: These kind of lymphomas must be distinguished from secondary skin localisation of systemic B lymphomas and then the interest of the extension assessment with PET-CT with {sup 18}F.D.G.. The leg type lymphoma has a unfavourable prognosis justifying a treatment by polychemotherapy, of R-C.H.O.P. type (C cyclophosphamide, H hydroxy daunorubicin or doxorubicin, O oncovin or vincristine, P prednisolone, R rituximab). (N.C.)

  16. Cutaneous presentation of Double Hit Lymphoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yousef Khelfa MD, FACP

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL is the most common type of non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL, representing approximately 25% of diagnosed NHL. DLBCL is heterogeneous disease both clinically and genetically. The 3 most common chromosomal translocations in DLBCL involve the oncogenes BCL2, BCL6, and MYC. Double hit (DH DLBCL is an aggressive form in which MYC rearrangement is associated with either BCL2 or BCL6 rearrangement. Patients typically present with a rapidly growing mass, often with B symptoms. Extranodal disease is often present. Though there is a paucity of prospective trials in this subtype, double hit lymphoma (DHL has been linked to very poor outcomes when patients are treated with standard R-CHOP. There is, therefore, a lack of consensus regarding the standard treatment for DHL. Several retrospective analyses have been conducted to help guide treatment of this disease. These suggest that DA EPOCH-R may be the most promising regimen and that achievement of complete resolution predicts better long-term outcomes.

  17. AUTOLOGOUS STEM CELL TRANSPLANTATION FOR AGGRESSIVE LYMPHOMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Giuseppe Visani

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The role of high-dose therapy (HDT followed by autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT in the treatment armamentarium of aggressive B- and T-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL is still a matter of debate. In the pre-Rituximab era, the PARMA study demonstrated the superiority of HDT/ASCT over conventional salvage chemotherapy in chemosensitive, relapsed patients. Subsequently, HDT/ASCT has become a standard approach for relapsed NHL. With the advent of Rituximab in the landscape of NHL, transplantation as part of first-line therapy has been challenged. However, no benefit in terms of disease-free or overall survival of HDT/ASCT over standard therapy was shown when Rituximab was added to both arms. Moreover, the superiority of HDT/ASCT over conventional salvage therapy in patients relapsing from first-line therapy including Rituximab was not confirmed. From these disappointing results, novel strategies, which can enhance the anti-lymphoma effect, at the same time reducing toxicity have been developed, with the aim of improving the outcome of HDT/ASCT in aggressive NHL. In T-cell lymphoma, few publications demonstrated that consolidation of complete remission with HDT/ASCT is safe and feasible. However, up to one-third of patients may never receive transplant, mostly due to progressive disease, and relapse still remains a major concern even after transplant.

  18. [Medical genomics of leukemia/lymphoma].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mano, Hiroyuki

    2009-06-01

    A variety of genomic approaches have been applied to leukemia/lymphoma to identify cancer-promoting genes or to screen for prognostic markers. Gene expression profiling with microarrays has, for instance, succeeded to calculate prognostic scores based on the expression profiles of a subset of genes in acute myeloid leukemia and non-Hodgkin lymphoma. Further, narrowing down the LOH regions with microsatellite markers in the genome of myeloproliferative disorders could identify a mutated JAK2 gene encoding an activated tyrosine kinase. Similarly, a common deletion in the genome of chronic lymphoid leukemia was shown to contain miR-15a/miR-16-1 microRNA genes, loss of expression of which plays an important role in the malignant transformation. Advent of further high-throughput and high-resolution techniques (such as new generation of DNA sequencers) would greatly help to discover leukemia/lymphoma-related genes that may provide promising candidates for molecule-targeted therapies.

  19. A rare tumoral combination, synchronous lung adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma of the pleura

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Foroulis Christophoros N

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Coexistence of adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma in the same or different anatomical sites is extremely rare. We present a case of incidental discovery of primary lung adenocarcinoma and mantle cell lymphoma involving the pleura, during an axillary thoracotomy performed for a benign condition. Case presentation A 73-year old male underwent bullectomy and apical pleurectomy for persistent pneumothorax. A bulla of the lung apex was resected en bloc with a scar-like lesion of the lung, which was located in proximity with the bulla origin, by a wide wedge resection. Histologic examination of the stripped-off parietal pleura and of the bullectomy specimen revealed the synchronous occurrence of two distinct neoplasms, a lymphoma infiltrating the pleura and a primary, early lung adenocarcinoma. Immunohistochemical and fluorescence in situ hybridization assays were performed. The morphologic, immunophenotypic and genetic findings supported the diagnosis of primary lung adenocarcinoma (papillary subtype coexisting with a non-Hodgkin, B-cell lineage, mantle cell lymphoma involving both, visceral and parietal pleura and without mediastinal lymph node involvement. The neoplastic lymphoid cells showed the characteristic immunophenotype of mantle cell lymphoma and the translocation t(11;14. The patient received 6 cycles of chemotherapy, while pulmonary function tests precluded further pulmonary parenchyma resection (lobectomy for his adenocarcinoma. The patient is alive and without clinical and radiological findings of local recurrence or distant relapse from both tumors 14 months later. Conclusion This is the first reported case of a rare tumoral combination involving simultaneously lung and pleura, emphasizing at the incidental discovery of the two coexisting neoplasms during a procedure performed for a benign condition. Any tissue specimen resected during operations performed for non-tumoral conditions should be routinely sent for

  20. A case of non-Hodgkin lymphoma in a patient with chronic myeloid leukemia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Găman, Amelia Maria; Dobrea, Camelia; Rotaru, Ionela

    2013-01-01

    Chronic myeloid leukemia is a clonal expansion of hematopoietic progenitor cells characterized by exaggerated proliferation of granulocytic lineage, with chronic phase, accelerated phase and blast crisis. Accelerated phase and blast crisis may be associated with extramedulary disease. Extramedullary transformation of CML can be determined both in nodal and extranodal sites. Non-Hodgkin lymphoma is rare in chronic myeloid leukemia and may be misdiagnosed as an extramedullary lymphoid blast transformation; the majorities are T-cell lymphomas with an immature thymic phenotype, while peripheral B-cell lymphomas are rarer. We report the case of a 79-year-old woman carrier Ph+ chronic myeloid leukemia who developed at eight months of diagnosis an accelerated phase of CML associated simultaneous with a tumor of soft palate, which was initial considering an extramedullary disease. The patient was treated with specific chemotherapy for accelerated phase of CML (Cytosinarabinoside) + Anagrelide, and reversed to secondary chronic phase of CML, but soft palate tumor persists. The immunohistochemical findings of bone marrow trephine biopsy examination showed chronic phase of CML (negativity for immature cells such as CD34, Tdt) and the biopsy of soft palate tumor and immunohistochemical findings revealed a primitive non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) with medium B-cells (CD20, CD79a positive) and excluding an extramedullary blast crisis (CD34 negative, Tdt negative). Cytogenetic analysis in tumor revealed absence of Philadelphia chromosome. The patient was treated with local radiotherapy for NHL, with a favorable evolution and Hydroxyurea 1 g/day for CML with hematological remission. A localized lymphoid neoplasm may be an extramedullary localized blast crisis of CML or a distinct malignancy, with distinguished therapy and prognosis. A correct diagnosis based on a complex investigation: immunohistochemistry, conventional cytogenetic analysis and fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH