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Sample records for ludwig friedrich oster

  1. Obituary: Ludwig Friedrich Oster, 1931-2003

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sofia, Sabatino; Altschuler, Martin D.

    2003-12-01

    Ludwig Friedrich Oster died at the Anchorage Nursing and Rehabilitation Center in Salisbury, MD on 28 February 2003, of complications from advanced Alzheimer's disease. He is survived by his wife Cheryl M. (Oroian) and his two children by a previous marriage, Ulrika and Mattias Oster. He had a distinguished career both as a researcher in solar physics and as a science administrator in the National Science Foundation. Ludwig was born on 8 March 1931 in Konstanz, Germany and emigrated to the U.S. in 1958, acquiring American citizenship in 1963. His mother and father were Emma Josefine (Schwarz) and Ludwig Friedrich Oster. He got a BS degree in physics at the University of Freiburg under the guidance of Prof. K. O. Kiepenheuer in 1951, and a MS (1954) and PhD from the University of Kiel in 1956 under the guidance of Prof. A. Unsold. From 1956 to 1958 he was a Fellow of the German Science Council at Kiel and, upon his arrival to the US in 1958, he became a Postdoctoral Research Associate in the Physics Department of Yale University. He became an Assistant Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at Yale in 1960 and five years later he was promoted to Associate Professor. In 1967 he became an Associate Professor of Physics and Astrophysics at the University of Colorado and a Fellow of the Joint Institute for Laboratory Astrophysics; he was promoted to Full Professor in 1970. In 1981 he was a Visiting Professor at Johns Hopkins University, and shortly thereafter became a National Research Council Senior Associate at NASA/Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, MD, where he worked on solar variability. He joined the National Science Foundation in 1983, where he became the Program Manager for the National Radio Astronomy Observatory in the Division of Astronomical Sciences of the Foundation; he remained there until his retirement in 1996. His early work, started in Germany and continued at Yale, concerned radiation mechanisms related to solar phenomena. His works on

  2. [Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images] / Ulrike Plath

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Plath, Ulrike, 1972-

    2014-01-01

    Arvustus: Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli pildid Baltimaade ajaloost = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydells Baltische Geschichte in Bildern = Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell ́s Baltic history in images. Eesti kunstimuuseum, Kadrioru kunstimuuseum. Tallinn 2013

  3. Wittgenstein, Ludwig

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Presskorn-Thygesen, Thomas; Basbøll, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein was a British-Austrian philosopher, widely considered one of most influential philosophers of the twentieth century. His early work played a significant role in twentieth-century logical positivism while his later work has been a main methodological influence...... in the works of key social theorists such as Pierre Bourdieu, Jürgen Habermas, and Anthony Giddens. The entry briefly describes Wittgenstein's philosophy and summarizes his overall influence within social theory....

  4. Friedrich Nietzsche

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bengtsen, Søren Smedegaard

    2018-01-01

    , they still and truly are? Drawing on Friedrich Nietzsche’s concept of the will to power [Wille zur Macht] I analyse and discuss what powers universities today possess and have the, often neglected, opportunity to unleash. Nietzsche’s concept of power [Macht] is indeed a complex one, and even though...... it includes analyses of individual, social and even political behavior and value, it is first and foremost an ontological concept. In Nietzsche the concept of power is closely linked to other core concepts such as the overman [Übermensch] and the dawn [Morgenröte]. Indeed these concepts unfold an ontology...

  5. Oster pluton (Central Karelia) - the ancient massif of two-feldspar granites of Baltic Shield

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kovalenko, A.V.; Rizvanova, N.G.

    2000-01-01

    Geochronological study of two-feldspar granites forming the Oster pluton in the Central Karelia was performed using the methods of U-Pb- and Sm-Nd-dating. U-Pb isotope data for zircons from granite of the Oster pluton correspond to the age of 2876±21 mln. years, whereas Sm-Nd isotope data obtained for three samples of the garnet correspond to the age varying from 3.0 to 3.5 bln. years. The ancient age of granites of the Oster pluton is explained by the presence of a sufficiently powerful crust in the region by that moment [ru

  6. Ludwig: My Pedagogical Part

    Science.gov (United States)

    Beckett, David

    2009-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein taught only a couple of Australian philosophers, at Cambridge in the late 1940s, and one of them, Frank "Camo" Jackson (Chair, Philosophy, Monash University) taught the author epistemology and philosophical psychology in the 1970s. In this article, the author describes how this teaching was central to his subsequent…

  7. Ludwig Boltzmann: Atomic genius

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cercignani, C. [Department of Mathematics, Politecnico di Milano (Italy)]. E-mail: carcer@mate.polimi.it

    2006-09-15

    On the centenary of the death of Ludwig Boltzmann, Carlo Cercignani examines the immense contributions of the man who pioneered our understanding of the atomic nature of matter. The man who first gave a convincing explanation of the irreversibility of the macroscopic world and the symmetry of the laws of physics was the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann, who tragically committed suicide 100 years ago this month. One of the key figures in the development of the atomic theory of matter, Boltzmann's fame will be forever linked to two fundamental contributions to science. The first was his interpretation of 'entropy' as a mathematically well-defined measure of the disorder of atoms. The second was his derivation of what is now known as the Boltzmann equation, which describes the statistical properties of a gas as made up of molecules. The equation, which described for the first time how a probability can evolve with time, allowed Boltzmann to explain why macroscopic phenomena are irreversible. The key point is that while microscopic objects like atoms can behave reversibly, we never see broken coffee cups reforming because it would involve a long series of highly improbable interactions - and not because it is forbidden by the laws of physics. (U.K.)

  8. Ludwig Tieck: meandros góticos

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karin Volobuef

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.5007/2175-8026.2012n62p153   Ludwig Tieck (1773-1853 foi um dos pioneiros do Romantismo alemão ao lado de figuras como Novalis, Wackenroder, os irmãos August e Friedrich Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Schelling. Grande admirador de Shakespeare e Calderón de la Barca, Tieck concebia a literatura como terreno supranacional e como área de convergência de diferentes tradições e perspectivas. Com isso, absorveu inúmeros elementos da cultura popular (contos de fadas, lendas, superstições e os fundiu a vertentes de sua época, entre as quais a da narrativa gótica e de horror, em voga desde a segunda metade do século XVIII. Em Tieck, o macabro tornase expressão de questionamentos sobre a relação entre sujeito e mundo e sobre a própria noção (inspirada no senso comum de que existiria uma realidade única e independente do ponto de vista daquele que a observa ou descreve. Tieck formulou esteticamente indagações que ecoaram pelo Romantismo alemão, expressando anseios e inquietações indissociáveis de sua produção poético-literária.   Ludwig Tieck (1773-1853 was a pioneer of German Romanticism alongside figures such as Novalis, Wackenroder, brothers August and Friedrich Schlegel, Schleiermacher, Schelling. A great admirer of Shakespeare and Calderón de la Barca, Tieck envisioned literature as a supranational terrain and an area of convergence of different traditions and perspectives. Thus he absorbed numerous elements from popular culture (fairy tales, legends, superstitions and merged with the trends of his time, among which the mid eighteenth-century gothic and horror narrative. In Tieck the macabre becomes an expression of questions about the relationship between the subject and on the very notion (based on common sense that there would be a single reality and independent from the point of view of who observes or describes. Tieck aesthetically formulated questions that echoed throughout German romanticism

  9. Methodological solipsism and kaleidoscopic worlds of Ludwig Mauritz Lachmann

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bazhenov Grigory, A.

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Among the Austrians fifth generation occupies a special place disciple of Friedrich A. von Hayek, economist, distracting from the overall flow of the Austrians, Ludwig M. Lachmann. Using the framework of his theory of the fundamental assumptions of the Austrian School (individualism, subjectivism, Lachmann did not try to pull them under the base of normative conclusions about the structure of the economic system of society, but rather, an attempt to build a more rigorous theory of the social world order. German economist, recognizing the importance of the concept of subjective value, pay attention to its insufficiency and stressed the need to incorporate to construct a theory of subjectivity expectations that brings his views with the views of John Maynard Keynes. Following George Shackle Ludwig Lachmann believes that the economy is similar to a kaleidoscope: the elements of economic reality are in constant rearrangement, creating continuously changing each other short-lived and unstable patterns. The author of the paper analyzes the concepts and ideas of Ludwig M. Lachmann, noting both the strengths and weaknesses of his theory. The author shows the importance of the theoretical development of the German economist for modern economics.

  10. Ludwig Tauscher (1939-2008)

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    Dear Colleagues, It is with deep sorrow and regret that we inform you that our colleague and friend Ludwig Tauscher passed away on Sunday 23 November after a heart attack. Ludwig studied physics at the University of Heidelberg, where he obtained his PhD in 1966. After several postdoctoral appointments at the MPI Heidelberg, and the Universities of Konstanz and Karlsruhe, he joined the University of Basel, where he became Professor of Physics in 1985. Ludwig devoted his entire professional life to teaching and experimental physics. He arrived at CERN in the early seventies, where he performed several experiments at the SC and at the PS, studying exotic atoms with various probes such as μ-, π-, K-, and Σ-. In the early eighties he searched for the production of nucleon-antinucleon bound states at the PS, a subject that was the main motivation for the construction of the LEAR storage ring. At LEAR he studied neutral meson productio...

  11. Ludwig Boltzmann - pioneer of atomistics and evolution

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stiller, W.

    1986-01-01

    At first a short introduction to Ludwig Boltzmann's life (1844 - 1906) and work is given. Some theoretical results of his work (H-theorem, classical Boltzmann statistics, Boltzmann's kinetic equation) are treated in detail. His experimental work is briefly discussed. In addition Boltzmann's philosophical work is characterized. Finally, the influence of Boltzmann's ideas on our time is investigated. (author)

  12. Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot / Tõivo Sarmet

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sarmet, Tõivo

    2006-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli rektorit Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrot loetakse Venemaa alpinismiajaloo alusepanijaks ja tema tähelepanuväärseimaks mägironimisalaseks teoks oli tõus Suur-Araratile 1829. aastal

  13. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 19; Issue 6. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer: A Pioneer of Synthetic Organic Chemistry. Gopalpur Nagendrappa. General Article Volume 19 Issue 6 June 2014 pp 489-522 ...

  14. Educational Theory as Topological Rhetoric: The Concepts of Pedagogy of Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kenklies, Karsten

    2012-01-01

    The debate concerning the relation of the theory of education and the practice of education is not new. In Germany, these discussions are an integral part of the development of educational science in the eighteenth century which is closely connected to Johann Friedrich Herbart and Friedrich Schleiermacher. Their concepts illustrate different…

  15. Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aliya-Katarina Südfels

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Zusammenfassung Im Juli des Jahres 1841 kommt es zu einem Treffen zwischen zwei Männern, das zunächst belanglos erscheint, sich aber Jahre später als wichtige historische Begebenheit herausstellen wird. In seinem Pariser Büro empfängt der 71jährige Naturforscher Alexander von Humboldt den jungen Preußen Ludwig Leichhardt. Der angehende Naturwissenschaftler erhofft sich Zuspruch und Empfehlung des berühmten Alexander von Humboldts. Die Unterredung ist kurz und verläuft für Leichhardt ergebnislos. Es wird das einzige Treffen der beiden Naturwissenschaftler bleiben. Aus heutiger Sicht unverständlich, da Ludwig Leichhardt und Alexander von Humboldt mehr verband, als ihre Leidenschaft für die Naturwissenschaften. Viel zu wenig ist sich bis jetzt den biographischen Analogien und den vergleichbaren geographischen Leistungen der beiden Preußen gewidmet worden. Abstract During July 1841 a meeting between two men takes place, which seems to have been extraneous, but turns out to be a significant historical incident. 71 year old natural scientist Alexander von Humboldt welcomes young Ludwig Leichhardt from Prussia in his office in Paris. The prospective young scientist expects help and references from famous Alexander von Humboldt. The conversation is short and ends from Leichhardt’s point of view without results. Unfortunately this is going to be the only meeting between the two scientists even though the two Prussians have more in common than their passion for the natural sciences. Way too seldomly have biographical analogy and geographical productivity of the two men been compared. Résumé En juillet 1841 une rencontre entre deux hommes a lieu, qui au premier abord semble sans importance, mais qui des années plus tard est considéré comme un événement historique majeur. Dans son bureau parisien, le naturaliste Alexandre de Humboldt, alors âgé de 71 ans, reçoit le jeune Prussien Ludwig Leichhardt. Le jeune scientifique en devenir

  16. Ludwig Boltzmann - The Man and His Work

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1982-01-01

    It is argued that Ludwig Boltzmann was, along with Newton and Maxwell, one of the three greatest theoretical physicists of classical times. It is less generally known that he was also a powerful realist-materialist philosopher and a keen opponent of Ernst Mach's positivism and of the philosophical idealism of Berkeley, Hegel and Schopenhauer. Boltzmann was also opposed to Kant. Moreover, he had a lively interest in biology and especially in Darwinian evolution, and he should be taken as one of the founders of biophysics. Boltzmann discussed the origin of life and of the mind. Finally, he also was a most vigorous, colourful and attractive person. (author)

  17. Nonphysical sheet for the Friedrichs model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pavlov, B.S.

    1995-01-01

    A method of deducing an expansion theorem in resonance states for the two-dimensional Friedrichs model A=1/2(U var-phi -U var-phi + ) is suggested. The construction is based on detailed Lax-Phillips analogs of the corresponding unitary Friedrichs model U var-phi = z(1 + 2iα/1-iα P var-phi ), perturbed by the protector P var-phi , generated by an element var-phi possessing special analytic properties

  18. Ludwig's angina after severe thrombocytopenic purpura associated with dengue fever

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Antonia Campos

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Here, we report a case of Ludwig's angina, which required surgery because of toothache. The patient had dengue and severe thrombocytopenia as confirmed by clinical and laboratory diagnoses. However, dengue is not included among the predisposing factors for Ludwig's angina.

  19. Fragile peace: Northern balance outlasts the celebrated Ludwig case

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Jaremko, G.

    2000-01-01

    Conflicts between communities and the environment on the one hand, and industry on the other are discussed against the background of the charges against Wiebo Ludwig, chief of a religious commune at Hythe, Alberta, who stands accused of terrorist attacks against oil and gas installations. The community is divided in its opinion about Mr. Ludwig; some line up on his side saying that by doing what he did, he focused attention on flaring, and although the government will never admit it, Ludwig's actions may have been the most important factor in the government's decision to place restrictions on the practice. Others, many among them critics of the industry, bristle at the mention of Ludwig, pointing to the many benefits that the industry brought to Alberta and accusing Ludwig of upsetting a delicate balance between the farmers and the industry, which existed in a symbiotic relationship ever since oil was first discovered in the province. The fact remains that the oil industry made many farmers wealthy, and by providing employment, it saved many of the smaller and marginal farms from going under. Despite the Ludwig affair, the pace of industrial expansion has not changed in Peace country. Some 1,300 new wells, double the 1999 total, are being forecast for the area in 2000, and steady employment by oilfield service companies is being reported throughout the region

  20. Science and Politics in "Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Superfine, Benjamin Michael; Umpstead, Regina R.; Mayrowetz, David; Lenhoff, Sarah Winchell; Pogodzinski, Ben

    2018-01-01

    In March 2017, the Supreme Court decided "Friedrichs v. California Teachers Association" and upheld the constitutionality of agency fees for nonunion teachers. We examine how "Friedrichs" reflects a host of issues grouped around a patchwork of ideological commitments regarding teachers unions and public-sector unions more…

  1. [Georg Friedrich Nicolai: war physician against war].

    Science.gov (United States)

    van Bergen, L

    2017-01-01

    Georg Friedrich Nicolai was a German professor and heart specialist who was one of the few who protested against the war at the beginning of World War I. As a result, he lost his job and was convicted. After the war, right-wing nationalist students and lack of support from his university superiors made it impossible for him to teach. He left Germany in 1922, never to return. In his book, Die Biologie des Krieges (The Biology of War), which was published in neutral Switzerland in 1917, he contradicted the social Darwinist idea - supported by many physicians as well - that war strengthened humanity, people and races, physically and mentally. On the contrary, he argued, war is biologically counterproductive.

  2. Arbeitstagung 2013 : in Memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch

    CERN Document Server

    Blohmann, Christian; Faltings, Gerd; Teichner, Peter; Zagier, Don

    2016-01-01

    This volume contains selected papers authored by speakers and participants of the 2013 Arbeitstagung, held at the Max Planck Institute for Mathematics in Bonn, Germany, from May 22-28. The 2013 meeting (and this resulting proceedings) was dedicated to the memory of Friedrich Hirzebruch, who passed away on May 27, 2012. Hirzebruch organized the first Arbeitstagung in 1957 with a unique concept that would become its most distinctive feature: the program was not determined beforehand by the organizers, but during the meeting by all participants in an open discussion. This ensured that the talks would be on the latest developments in mathematics and that many important results were presented at the conference for the first time. Written by leading mathematicians, the papers in this volume cover various topics from algebraic geometry, topology, analysis, operator theory, and representation theory and display the breadth and depth of pure mathematics that has always been characteristic of the Arbeitstagung.

  3. University Observatory, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität

    Science.gov (United States)

    Murdin, P.

    2000-11-01

    The University Observatory of Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität was founded in 1816. Astronomers who worked or graduated at the Munich Observatory include: Fraunhofer, Soldner, Lamont, Seeliger and Karl Schwarzschild. At present four professors and ten staff astronomers work here. Funding comes from the Bavarian Government, the German Science Foundation, and other German and European research progra...

  4. Teaching with Purpose: An Interview with Thomas E. Ludwig

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ludwig, Timothy D.; Ludwig, David J.

    2010-01-01

    Thomas E. Ludwig is the John Dirk Werkman Professor of Psychology at Hope College, where he joined the faculty in 1977 after receiving his PhD in development and aging from Washington University in St. Louis. His research focuses on developmental issues in cognitive neuropsychology. He is also the author or coauthor of more than a dozen sets of…

  5. Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Beethoven, Ludwig van: Violinkonzert D-Dur op. 61 (Kadenz: Alfred Schnittke). Romanzen für Violine und Orchester op. 40 und 50. Estonian National Symphony Orchestra, Arvo Volmer". Globe GLO 5155, distribution Talis (CD:153F). 1996. TT:1h 01'56"

  6. The Friedrichs model and its use in resonance phenomena

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gadella, M. [Departamento de Fisica Teorica, Atomica y Optica, Facultad de Ciencias, 47071 Valladolid (Spain); Pronko, G.P. [Institute for High Energy Physics, Protvino 142284, Moscow Region (Russian Federation)

    2011-09-15

    We present here a relation of different types of Friedrichs models and their use in the description and comprehension of resonance phenomena. We first discuss the basic Friedrichs model and obtain its resonance in the case that this is simple or doubly degenerated. Next, we discuss the model with N levels and show how the probability amplitude has an oscillatory behavior. Two generalizations of the Friedrichs model are suitable to introduce resonance behavior in quantum field theory. We also discuss a discrete version of the Friedrichs model and also a resonant interaction between two systems both with continuous spectrum. In an appendix, we review the mathematics of rigged Hilbert spaces. (Copyright copyright 2011 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH and Co. KGaA, Weinheim)

  7. Friedrich Heiler and the Psychology of Religion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatiana Samarina

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available The author examines the work of the celebrated German religious researcher Friedrich Heiler in relation to the problematic surrounding the psychology of religion. Heiler himself subtitled his first classic work, Prayer , with the words a study of religious-history and of religious-psychology . This presumably meant that he considered himself a student of the psychology of religion. The author contrasts Heiler’s ideas on this subject with those put forward by his contemporaries, all of whom studied the psychology of religion: William James, Evelyn Underhill, and Sigmund Freud. The author’s analysis reveals that Heiler was very familiar with the studies produced by several early students of the psychology of religion: Leub, Starbuck, and Sabbate. He often employs them to glean examples for his own research but does not take any of them seriously. James’ division of religious believers into the twice-born and the once-born has similarities with Heiler’s own types of mystic and prophetic religiosity. There are also many similarities between the theory of mystical ascension proposed by Evelyn Underhill and the examples of religious mysticism proposed by Heiler. While analyzing the phenomenon of matrimonial mysticism, Heiler often refers to elements of Freud’s psychoanalysis, thinking it adequate to explain certain erotic elements inherent in religious reflection, but at the same time, unable to explain the religious phenomenon on the whole.

  8. PIV Analysis of Ludwig Prandtl's Historic Flow Visualization Films

    OpenAIRE

    Willert, Christian; Kompenhans, Jürgen

    2010-01-01

    Around 1930 Ludwig Prandtl and his colleagues O. Tietjens and W. M\\"uller published two films with visualizations of flows around surface piercing obstacles to illustrate the unsteady process of flow separation. These visualizations were achieved by recording the motion of fine particles sprinkled onto the water surface in water channels. The resulting images meet the relevant criteria of properly seeded recordings for particle image velocimetry (PIV). Processing these image sequences with mo...

  9. Sordera, tragedia y muerte de Ludwig van Beethoven

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Darío Morón Díaz

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available

    La sordera de Ludwig van Beethoven fue atribuida a distintas enfermedades: a una neuritis
    acústica debido a la fiebre tifoidea, a la sífilis, a la hepatitis, a una colitis, al reumatismo, a abscesos,
    a una criopatia debida al frío y a la osificación del tejido cartilaginoso que conduce al oído ínterno,
    también mencionaron la sarcoidosis.
    Dos hechos fueron fundamentales para desechar tales especulaciones: el primero, la decisión del
    joven Ferdinand Hiller, que el 27 de marzo de 1827 cortó un mechón de cabello del cadáver de Ludwig
    van Beethoven. El segundo, el avance científico de la medicina moderna. Ambos acontecimientos han
    permitido profundizar con certeza en la etiología u origen de la sordera de Beethoven y la variada síntomatología que sufrió el genio musical.

    Esbozo biográfico
    EL 16 de diciembre de 1770, en Bonn, nació Ludwig van Beethoven, hijo de Johann Beethoven y
    Maria Magdalena Keverich; el matrimonio tuvo siete hijos, cuatro fallecieron siendo niños y tres sobrevivieron: Ludwig, Kaspar Antón Karl y Nicolás Johann.
    El padre de Beethoven fue dipsómano, debido a los excesos alcohólicos y en medio de los escándalos el
    padre agredía al niño. Deambulaba entre la Iglesia y la taberna. María Magdalena por el contrario era tierna y afectuosa con su hijo, situación que por contraste servía de refugio a Ludwig.

  10. Friedrichs systems in a Hilbert space framework: Solvability and multiplicity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Antonić, N.; Erceg, M.; Michelangeli, A.

    2017-12-01

    The Friedrichs (1958) theory of positive symmetric systems of first order partial differential equations encompasses many standard equations of mathematical physics, irrespective of their type. This theory was recast in an abstract Hilbert space setting by Ern, Guermond and Caplain (2007), and by Antonić and Burazin (2010). In this work we make a further step, presenting a purely operator-theoretic description of abstract Friedrichs systems, and proving that any pair of abstract Friedrichs operators admits bijective extensions with a signed boundary map. Moreover, we provide sufficient and necessary conditions for existence of infinitely many such pairs of spaces, and by the universal operator extension theory (Grubb, 1968) we get a complete identification of all such pairs, which we illustrate on two concrete one-dimensional examples.

  11. 'Tipping the Balance': Karl Friedrich Meyer, Latent Infections, and the Birth of Modern Ideas of Disease Ecology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Honigsbaum, Mark

    2016-04-01

    The Swiss-born medical researcher Karl Friedrich Meyer (1884-1974) is best known as a 'microbe hunter' who pioneered investigations into diseases at the intersection of animal and human health in California in the 1920s and 1930s. In particular, historians have singled out Meyer's 1931 Ludwig Hektoen Lecture in which he described the animal kingdom as a 'reservoir of disease' as a forerunner of 'one medicine' approaches to emerging zoonoses. In so doing, however, historians risk overlooking Meyer's other intellectual contributions. Developed in a series of papers from the mid-1930s onwards, these were ordered around the concept of latent infections and sought to link microbial behavior to broader bio-ecological, environmental, and social factors that impact hostpathogen interactions. In this respect Meyer-like the comparative pathologist Theobald Smith and the immunologist Frank Macfarlane Burnet-can be seen as a pioneer of modern ideas of disease ecology. However, while Burnet's and Smith's contributions to this scientific field have been widely acknowledged, Meyer's have been largely ignored. Drawing on Meyer's published writings and private correspondence, this paper aims to correct that lacuna while contributing to a reorientation of the historiography of bacteriological epidemiology. In particular I trace Meyer's intellectual exchanges with Smith, Burnet and the animal ecologist Charles Elton, over brucellosis, psittacosis and plague-exchanges that not only showed how environmental and ecological conditions could 'tip the balance' in favor of parasites but which transformed Meyer thinking about resistance to infection and disease.

  12. Friedrich Nietzsche in Basel: An Apology for Classical Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Santini, Carlotta

    2018-01-01

    Alongside his work as a professor of Greek Language and Literature at the University of Basel, Friedrich Nietzsche reflected on the value of classical studies in contemporary nineteenth-century society, starting with a self-analysis of his own classical training and position as a philologist and teacher. Contrary to his well-known aversion to…

  13. Quantum Zeno effect for N-level Friedrichs model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Antoniou, I.; Karpov, E.; Pronko, G.; Yarevskij, E.

    2003-01-01

    We study the short-time behaviour of the survival probability in the framework of the N-level Friedrichs model. We show that depending on the initial conditions the decay can be considerably slowed down or even stopped. By choosing proper parameters of the system, the Zeno time can also be considerably extended

  14. Friedrich Meinecke : Panentheism and the Crisis of Historicism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krol, R.A.

    2010-01-01

    Friedrich Meinecke's Die Idee der Staatsr son (1924) is generally seen as the study in which he replaced his monistic-idealistic philosophy of history - as articulated in Weltburgertum und Nationalstaat - by a dualistic worldview. In this article I will argue against this view. I will do so on the

  15. Management of Ludwig's angina in pregnancy: a review of 10 cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: Ludwig's angina is a rapidly spreading cellulitis that may produce upper airway obstruction often leading to death. Aim: The present paper reviews the management of Ludwig's angina in the third trimester of pregnancy. The inherent dangers to the mother and her unborn child are highlighted. Materials and ...

  16. Fifty years of mathematical physics selected works of Ludwig Faddeev

    CERN Document Server

    Faddeev, Ludwig; Niemi, Antti J

    2016-01-01

    This unique volume summarizes with a historical perspective several of the major scientific achievements of Ludwig Faddeev, with a foreword by Nobel Laureate C N Yang. The volume that spans over fifty years of Faddeev's career begins where he started his own scientific research, in the subject of scattering theory and the three-body problem. It then continues to describe Faddeev's contributions to automorphic functions, followed by an extensive account of his many fundamental contributions to quantum field theory including his original article on ghosts with Popov. Faddeev's contributions to soliton theory and integrable models are then described, followed by a survey of his work on quantum groups. The final scientific section is devoted to Faddeev's contemporary research including articles on his long-term interest in constructing knotted solitons and understanding confinement. The volume concludes with his personal view on science and mathematical physics in particular.

  17. [Ludwig Wittgenstein (1889-1951) and the "wound shock"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gentili, Marc E

    2015-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein was born in 1889 in Vienna. As a scholar in Cambdrige University, his philosophical achievements are still major regarding the foundations of mathematics and language. In 1939, he took a job as a porter at London Guys' Hospital then under the Blitz. Wittgenstein met Drs. Grant and Reeve who worked in a dedicated "traumatic shock" under the auspices of the Medical Research Council unit, a unit which then moved to the Royal Victoria Infirmary in Newcastle; Wittgenstein followed them as a technician and improved the preparation of fine pieces of histology fixed by paraffin. He also invented a new device to record pulse pressure and paradoxical pulse search in laboratory rats. At the end of the war, he returned to Cambridge until 1949 and died in 1951.

  18. Ludwig von Bertalanffy's organismic view on the theory of evolution.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred

    2015-03-01

    Ludwig von Bertalanffy was a key figure in the advancement of theoretical biology. His early considerations already led him to recognize the necessity of considering the organism as a system, as an organization of parts and processes. He termed the resulting research program organismic biology, which he extended to all basic questions of biology and almost all areas of biology, hence also to the theory of evolution. This article begins by outlining the rather unknown (because often written in German) research of Bertalanffy in the field of theoretical biology. The basics of the organismic approach are then described. This is followed by Bertalanffy's considerations on the theory of evolution, in which he used methods from theoretical biology and then introduced his own, organismic, view on evolution, leading to the demand for finding laws of evolution. Finally, his view on the concept of homology is presented. © 2015 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  19. Ludwig Edinger: the vertebrate series and comparative neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patton, Paul

    2015-01-01

    At the end of the nineteenth century, Ludwig Edinger completed the first comparative survey of the microscopic anatomy of vertebrate brains. He is regarded as the founder of the field of comparative neuroanatomy. Modern commentators have misunderstood him to have espoused an anti-Darwinian linear view of brain evolution, harkening to the metaphysics of the scala naturae. This understanding arises, in part, from an increasingly contested view of nineteenth-century morphology in Germany. Edinger did espouse a progressionist, though not strictly linear, view of forebrain evolution, but his work also provided carefully documented evidence that brain stem structures vary in complexity independently from one another and across species in a manner that is not compatible with linear progress. This led Edinger to reject progressionism for all brain structures other than the forebrain roof, based on reasoning not too dissimilar from those his successors used to dismiss it for the forebrain roof.

  20. Adolf Friedrich Fercher: a pioneer of biomedical optics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hitzenberger, Christoph K

    2017-11-01

    Adolf Friedrich Fercher, an outstanding pioneer of biomedical optics, passed away earlier this year. He was a brilliant and visionary researcher who pioneered various fields of biomedical optics, such as laser speckle flowgraphy, tissue interferometry, and optical coherence tomography (OCT). On the occasion of the 25th anniversary of OCT, this paper reviews and commemorates Fercher's pioneering work. (2017) COPYRIGHT Society of Photo-Optical Instrumentation Engineers (SPIE).

  1. Ludwig Wittgenstein and Language Games (A Literary Application

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mirela Arsith

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The hypothesis which we assume is that a language cannot transform only one way, but more ways of seeing the world. Therefore, the speakers will not be stuck in a rigid framework of a single belief system. As the modes of discourse are changed, the speakers accomplish, constantly, ideological changes. As Ludwig Wittgenstein sustained, the “key” of our language is not in the mind but a way of life that pushes us towards certain ways of using signs, which are the language games. The approach that we started, namely to investigate various language games in the John Fowles’ novel The Magician, we have identified not only various types of language games, but, in the spirit of Austrian origin philosopher, we searched to make our expressions more accurate. We believe that according to the applications on the text The Magician, we were able to illustrate how Wittgenstein theme of “language games” can be exploited explicitly in the literature. What we showed is that between the activities called language games there are more relations of functional analogies or conceptual functionality.

  2. Axiomatic unsharp quantum theory (From Mackey to Ludwig and Piron)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattaneo, Gianpiero; Laudisa, Federico

    1994-05-01

    On the basis of Mackey's axiomatic approach to quantum physics or, equivalently, of a “state-event-probability” (SEVP) structure, using a quite standard “fuzzification” procedure, a set of unsharp events (or “effects”) is constructed and the corresponding “state-effect-probability” (SEFP) structure is introduced. The introduction of some suitable axioms gives rise to a partially ordered structure of quantum Brouwer-Zadeh (BZ) poset; i.e., a poset endowed with two nonusual orthocomplementation mappings, a fuzzy-like orthocomplementation, and an intuitionistic-like orthocomplementation, whose set of sharp elements is an orthomodular complete lattice. As customary, by these orthocomplementations the two modal-like necessity and possibility operators are introduced, and it is shown that Ludwig's and Jauch-Piron's approaches to quantum physics are “interpreted” in complete SEFP. As a marginal result, a standard procedure to construct a lot of unsharp realizations starting from any sharp realization of a fixed observable is given, and the relationship among sharp and corresponding unsharp realizations is studied.

  3. Tracing Spasmodic Dysphonia: The Source of Ludwig Traube's Priority.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lorch, Marjorie Perlman; Whurr, Renata

    2016-08-01

    Since the mid-20th century, one citation is given historical priority as the first description of spasmodic dysphonia (SD): Ludwig Traube's 1871 case of the "spastic form of nervous hoarseness." Our objective is to understand how this case serves as the foundation of understanding laryngeal movement disorders. The original German paper was located and translated. Bibliographical and bibliometric methods are used to determine the citation history of this original source over the past 140 years. Although secondary citations in contemporary publications typically credit Traube for establishing the clinical entity SD, his case does not conform to currently accepted diagnostic features. Citation patterns indicate the source of Traube's priority is publications by Arnold and Luchsinger, mid-20th-century ENT clinicians, particularly their influential 1965 textbook used to train US and UK clinicians on voice disorders for several generations. Sometimes secondary citations in medical literature lead to the inadvertent perpetuation of factual misrepresentation. The clinical picture of Traube's original case does not represent what clinicians would recognize as SD today. The rich 19th-century literature on voice disorders is a valuable resource for present day clinicians. © The Author(s) 2016.

  4. Ludwig Edinger (1855-1918): founder of modern neuroanatomy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Prithishkumar, Ivan James

    2012-03-01

    Ludwig Edinger, a German neurologist is considered as one of the founders of modern neuroanatomy. He was conferred the degree of Doctor of Medicine at the University of Strassburg. His observation of small living organisms under a microscope at an early age led him to study medicine. Edinger had many discoveries to his credit. He was the first to describe the ventral and dorsal spinocerebellar tracts, to distinguish between paleo-encephalon and neo-encephalon, and between paleo-cerebellum and neo-cerebellum. He coined the terms "gnosis" and "praxis," which were later adopted in psychological descriptions of agnosia and apraxia. He identified the Edinger-Westphal nucleus in 1885 and was the first to describe the syndrome of thalamic pain. Edinger worked with renowned clinicians and published a large number of papers. He founded the Neurological Institute at the Goethe University in Frankfurt, which is the oldest neurological Institute in Germany. Edinger was a rare combination of a profound scientist, a brilliant teacher, a fine artist, and a noted hypnotist. While at the height of his career, he underwent a surgery and died a few hours later. It was his last will that his brain should be dissected in his own institute. It showed extraordinarily well-developed occipital lobes as well as other unusual features. Copyright © 2011 Wiley-Liss, Inc.

  5. Lembitu : Eesti muistepõlve mälestustest kasvanud luuletus / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold, 1803-1882

    2003-01-01

    Faksiimileväljaanne: Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold. Lembitu : Eesti muistepõlwe mälestustest kaswanud luuletus / Puhkama läinud lauliku Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi järel jäetud paberitest wälja antud. Tartu : G. Blumberg, 1885

  6. Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Wilhelm Friedrich Tuglase osalus "Pöllumehhe nöuandja" väljaandmisel / Liivi Aarma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aarma, Liivi, 1948-

    2012-01-01

    "Pöllumehhe nöuandja" koostajate ja tekstiautorite kohta otsest teavet säilinud pole. Võimalik, et kirjastajal oligi kokkulepe raamatu tegijaid mitte kirja panna. Jaan Eilart on oletanud, et raamatuga võis seotud olla literaat Friedrich Nikolai Russow. Fiedrich Nikolai Russowvi perekonnaloost. Eelnenud uurimisele toetudes võib väita, et raamatu "Põllumehe nõuandja" teksti kokkupanijaks oli Järvamaa juurtega kirjamees Wilhelm Friedrich Tuglas. Tuglasest ja tema suguvõsast

  7. Friedrich Nietzsche: the wandering and learned neuropath under Dionisius

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marleide da Mota Gomes

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900 was a remarkable philologist-philosopher while remaining in a condition of ill-health. Issues about his wandering/disruptive behavior that might be a consequence and/or protection against his cognitive decline and multifaceted disease are presented. The life complex that raises speculations about its etiology is constituted by: insight, creativity and wandering behavior besides several symptoms and signs of disease(s, mainly neurological one. The most important issue to be considered at the moment is not the disease diagnosis (Lissauer’s general paresis or CADASIL, e.g., but the probable Nietzsche’s great cognitive reserve linked to the multifactorial etiology (genetic and environmental, and shared characteristics both to creativity and psychopathology. This makes any disease seems especial regarding Nietzsche, and whichever the diagnostic hypothesis has to consider the Nietzsche’s unique background to express any disease(s.

  8. Overcoming state within the Friedrich Nietzsche’s irrational approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. F. Zakharchuk

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The article analyzes the views of Nietzsche on the nature and significance of the state in the context of socio-political issues. Examines how the criticism of Nietzsche for the state’s phenomenon is related to his irrational approach to the socio-political sphere, and therefore also raises the question of the possibility of attracting these Friedrich Nietzsche’s ideas regarding the institution of the state to understanding contemporary socio-political processes. For the disclosure of the above tasks in the work undertaken analysis of the Friedrich Nietzsche’s ideas in terms of their correlation with some general philosophical ideas of the German philosopher. In particular understanding of Nietzsche role of the state has been analyzed in the context of ideas like the idea of a hierarchical society, the idea of the superman, the idea of true morality. These ideas go beyond the purely social and philosophical beliefs of the thinker, but they are essential for understanding the logic and purposes of the consideration of the Nietzschean idea of the state. These ideas have been analyzed in the study mainly critically, in particular given the Nietzsche’s controversial assessment of state as a negative phenomenon and situational positive assessment of the state’s role. It is noted that this duality of Nietzsche in this issue is just due to the formulation of more general philosophical problems then was stated above. At the same time, the work focuses on the possibility of positive reading Nietzsche’s position on the state, which is associated with the idea of the free will of the individual opposed to the dictates of the enslaved majority.

  9. A CASE OF LUDWiG ANGiNA ENDING WITH MORTALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Onur Goksel

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig angina is a serious infection which is defines as edema, quickly progressing gangrenous sellulitis of soft tissues in neck and flor of the mouth. Airway obstruction is the most common cause of death. We present a case who applied to our outpatient clinic with a swelling under jaw and neck and was dignosed a a Ludwig Anjina. Broad spectrum antibiotherapy was given and followed without tracheotomy. He died because of cardiac arrest. [J Contemp Med 2013; 3(2.000: 112-115

  10. The Influence of Ernst Mach and Ludwig Boltzmann on Albert Einstein

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1979-01-01

    This document, written by Engelbert Broda in 1979, analyses the influence of Ernst Mach and Ludwig Boltzmann on Albert Einstein. Broda describes how Einstein and his scientific thinking benefited from Mach’s criticism on classical mechanics and its basic concepts like absolute time and absolute space. This criticism encouraged Einstein in the time he worked on his special relativity. On the other side Broda writes about the influence of Ludwig Boltzman, an atomist, whose scientific work and research prepared the ground for Einsteins work on the quantum-structure of electromagnetic radiation or the discovery of the photoelectric effect. (nowak)

  11. Kilplaste töö ei lõpe kunagi / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kreutzwald, Friedrich Reinhold, 1803-1882

    2009-01-01

    Peatükk "Kilplased muretsevad nõukogu maja jaoks palkisid / Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald" lugemikust: Eesti Kooli Lugemiseraamat. 1. jagu. Tallinn : Eesti-kubermangu Kooliõpetajate Vastastikku Abiandmise Selts, 1914

  12. Wilhelm Friedrich – zakladatel české historické geografie?

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Martínek, Jiří

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 1 (2013), s. 113-125 ISSN 0323-0988 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : Friedrich Wilhelm (1882–1914) * historical geography * history of geography * history of settlement Subject RIV: AB - History

  13. Preestrita pihtimus : Friedrich Nietzsche ja tema substantsiaalne mina (Ecce homo) / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    1998-01-01

    Varem ilmunud raamatu järelsõnana: Nietzsche, Friedrich. Ecce homo : kuidas saadakse selleks, mis ollakse / tlk. Jaan Undusk. Tallinn : Vagabund, 1996. Sisu: Poeetiline, filosoofiline, dionüüsiline kaanon ; Künism contra hulluskahtlus ; Antikristlik pihtimus ; Egoretoorika

  14. Beethoven, Ludwig van: Concerto pour violon op. 61 / Jean-Michel Molkhou

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Molkhou, Jean-Michel

    1997-01-01

    Uuest heliplaadist "Beethoven, Ludwig van: Concerto pour violon op. 61 (cadence Schnittke). Les 2 Romances op. 40 et 50. Orchestre Symphonique National d'Estonie, Arvo Volmer" Globe GLO 5155, distribution Talis (CD:153F). 1996. TT:1h 01'56"

  15. [Carl Ludwig and his place in the history of kidney physiology].

    Science.gov (United States)

    From, Jesper

    2015-01-01

    Only very little was known about the physiology of the kidneys until the middle of the 19th century. The turning point came in 1842 when the famous German physiologist and physician Carl Ludwig (1816-1895) presented a theory about a two-step process (filtration and reabsorption) leading to the excretion of urine. This paper turns the highlights on Ludwig and the period in which he lived. It also tells the story about the anatomical studies in the 17th century and the chemical approaches to urine and kidney physiology in the 18th century preceding the research of Carl Ludwig. The theory of filtration and reabsorption was opposed by another theory (the secretion theory) regarding the kidney as a gland, like for instance the salivary glands. The origin of this theory can be dated back to Marcello Malpighi (1628-1694) in the Renaissance, but it was carried further on by William Bowman (1816-1892) and especially Rudolph Heidenhain (1834-1897) in the 19th century. The research in the 1920's and 1930's marked the end of the fight between the two theories. It proofed that Ludwig was right and it gave him posthumously the recognition that he all the time had deserved.

  16. Von den Liven von Oesel / August Ludwig Schlözer

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schlözer, August Ludwig

    2008-01-01

    Avaldatud Eberhard Winkleri initsiatiivil A. L. Schlözeri teose põhjal: Gesammelte Nachrichten von den Ueberresten der Liven, in Livland und Kurland. (1770), mis moodustab osa teosest: Schlözer, August Ludwig. M. Johann Joseph Haigold's Beylagen zum Neuveränderten Russland. Zweiter Theil. Riga und Leipzig, 1770

  17. Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer - jeho život, efekt a spektroskopie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Závěta, Karel; Kohout, J.; Lančok, Adriana

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 62, č. 1 (2012), s. 51-61 ISSN 0009-0700 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10100520; CEZ:AV0Z40320502 Keywords : Rudolf Ludwig Mössbauer * resonance absorption * Mössbauer spectroscopy * Mars mission Subject RIV: BM - Solid Matter Physics ; Magnetism

  18. Models, Their Application, and Scientific Anticipation: Ludwig Boltzmann's Work as Tacit Knowing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schmitt, Richard Henry

    2011-01-01

    Ludwig Boltzmann's work in theoretical physics exhibits an approach to the construction of theory that he transmitted to the succeeding generation by example. It involved the construction of clear models, allowed more than one, and was not based solely on the existing facts, with the intent of examining and criticizing the assumptions that made…

  19. Karl Friedrich Zollner and the historical dimension of astronomical photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Staubermann, K. B.

    This book results from presentations and discussions of a group of astronomers and historians during a one-day workshop held at Archenhold Observatory, Berlin-Treptow, on April 4, 1997. This meeting was the first forum in a series dedicated to historical aspects of observational astrophysics in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The basic principle of these meetings is to reflect during one or more days on the work and personality of a single individual or of a group of persons, at the same time avoiding the really dominant figures that typify the age. By focusing on key people who epitomize a way of thinking and working that has formed many of the ideas by which we do astrophysical research today, we also attempt to evoke the scientific spirit of the era under consideration. In 1858, the German physicist Karl Friedrich Zoellner introduced a new type of astronomical photometer which became a bestseller in the second half of the nineteenth century and which led him to the first German professorship in astrophysics. His type of photometer allowed most accurate photometric measurements and was used at several observatories for almost half a century. This book outlines four major themes. The first part describes the observing instruments that were used by Zoellner and his contemporaries: photometers and spectrographs that complemented his original design, but also competed with his most versatile prototype photometer. The description also includes an account of technical aspects associated with the replication of such a photometer today. The second part analyses the astrophysical data that were obtained with Zoellner's tools, and extracts information hidden in the published data --- scientific information as well as diverse aspects related to the observer himself. These nineteenth-century data are now published for the first time on a modern magnitude scale and are directly accessible in tabular form, and are thus fully applicable to archeophotometric studies

  20. A Challenge to Ludwig von Mises’s Theory of Probability

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark R. Crovelli

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The most interesting and completely overlooked aspect of Ludwig von Mises’s theory of probability is the total absence of any explicit definition for probability in his theory. This paper examines Mises’s theory of probability in light of the fact that his theory possesses no definition for probability. It is argued, first, that Mises’s theory differs in important respects from his brother’s famous theory of probability. A defense of the subjective definition for probability is then provided, which is subsequently used to critique Ludwig von Mises’s theory. It is argued that only the subjective definition for probability comports with Mises’s other philosophical positions. Since Mises did not provide an explicit definition for probability, it is suggested that he ought to have adopted a subjective definition.

  1. Os fundamentos transcendentais da daseinsanalyse psiquiátrica de Ludwig Binswanger

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Alvarenga

    Full Text Available Ludwig Binswanger compreendeu que era necessário reestruturar o método de investigação e abordagem dos fenômenos psicóticos, pelo afastamento da ontologia cartesiana do sujeito e do objeto, o qual pressupunha o dualismo e o solipsismo da consciência, para fundar uma abordagem intersubjetiva da psiquiatria. O objetivo desta pesquisa é justamente examinar esse percurso fenomenológico da Daseinsanalyse psiquiátrica de Ludwig Binswanger, no que se refere ao cumprimento daquilo para o qual ela própria se propôs, por meio da assimilação da investigação transcendental no campo das psicoses.

  2. Ludwig August krahv Mellin kui talurahva sõber ja estofiil / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2003-01-01

    Ludwig August Mellini (1754-1835) suhtumisest eesti ja läti talurahvasse, pärisorjusesse ja tema huvist eestlaste rahvuskarakteri ning rahvuskultuuri vastu. Krahv Mellin oli aastatel 1783-1786 Riia kreisi kreisipeamees ja -kohtunik, 1797-1818 osales aktiivselt 19. sajandi esimeste kümnendite agraarreformides, tema isa Carl Johann von Mellin oli esimene mõisnik Läänemere provintsides, kes umbes 18. sajandi keskpaiku andis oma Tuhala mõisa talupoegadele välja eraõiguse. Lisad: Ludwig August v. Mellini kiri Kuramaa Kirjanduse ja Kunsti Seltsile. BÎriņi, 25. juuni 1822 ; Mellini "Rigaische Stadtblätter'is" avaldamata jäänud artikkel

  3. A model of Piron's preparation-question structures in Ludwig's selection structures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattaneo, Gianpiero; Nisticò, Giuseppe

    1993-03-01

    We give a model of the basic Jauch-Piron (JP) approach to quantum physics, i.e., of “preparation-question structure” (with four basic axioms and without axioms C, P, A), in terms of Ludwig's “selection structure”; in the latter structure the primitive notion of “individual sample” of a physical entity is formally described (without making reference to any probability concept). Once we interpret Piron's concept of “question” in Ludwig's context of a selection structure, we find that there is no difficulty in formalizing notions such as “performable together questions”; moreover, results such as “ α ˜˜= α” or “( αδ Β)˜= α ˜▽ Β˜” can be formally proved. We develop the theory along the lines of the JP approach; the set of JP propositions is derived and it turns out to be a complete lattice, as happens in Piron's theory, but with a different physical interpretation of the lattice operations. Finally, we study some connections between the standard Ludwig foundation and our approach.

  4. Kroonupatriotism või rahvuslik mõtlemine? Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja ainelised teosed / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse kahe rahvusliku liikumise varase etapi kirjamehe, Friedrich Nikolai Russowi ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi Krimmi sõja aineliste tekstide pragmaatikat. Tekstid on: Tallinna koddaniko ramat omma söbbradele male (Tallinn, 1854-1857), Russowi poeem "Söalaul" (1854), Kreutzwaldi poeem "Sõda" (1854)

  5. Romance romântico e teoria do romance: Lucinde, de Friedrich Schlegel

    OpenAIRE

    Maas, Wilma Patricia Marzari Dinardo [UNESP

    2011-01-01

    Friedrich Schlegel’s novel, Lucinde, is here discussed as being part of a whole project for the establishment of the basis for a theory of modern novel. At the same time we try to point out some possible descendants of Schlegel’s ideas on the theory of the novel, as in Lukács and Walter Benjamin. Investiga-se aqui o estatuto do romance Lucinde, de Friedrich Schlegel, como parte do projeto do autor para a criação de uma teoria do romance moderno. Ao mesmo tempo, apontam-se prováveis descend...

  6. DESEJO DE LUZ: O CRISTIANISMO E O SURGIMENTO DA FILOSOFIA MODERNA EM LUDWIG FEUERBACH / A DESIRE FOR LIGHT: CHRISTIANITY AND THE EMERGENCE OF MODERN PHILOSOPHY IN LUDWIG FEUERBACH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chrysantho Figueiredo

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available This is a review of Ludwig Feuerbach’s book introduction Geshichte der Neuern Philosophie von Bacon bis Spinoza. The original text is in German, the review is in Portuguese. However, we present here, attached, the translated text, also unpublished and original. In 1841's The Essence of Christianity, Feuerbach presents in a most complete way his own version of the radical humanism which excited the young hegelians of his generation. However, it is between 1833 and 1838 that Feuerbach formulates his own philosophical point of view from the critique of the major philosophical systems of modernity. The History of Philosophy from Bacon to Spinoza, published in 1833, is the first of his historicalphilosophical works which, apart from the critique of the philosophers indicated by the title, presents also a singular feuerbachian vision of history as a whole, showing how modern philosophy emerges from the inherent contradictions of the Christian religious spirit.

  7. Friedrich Max Müller and the Sacred Books of the East

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molendijk, Arie L.

    2016-01-01

    This volume offers a critical analysis of one the most ambitious editorial projects of late Victorian Britain: the edition of the fifty substantial volumes of the Sacred Books of the East (1879-1910). The series was edited and conceptualized by Friedrich Max Müller (1823-1900), a world-famous

  8. Two Rival Conceptions of Vocational Education: Adam Smith and Friedrich List.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Winch, Christopher

    1998-01-01

    Examines and discusses two views of political economy: (1) the classical model of Adam Smith; and (2) the social capitalist model associated with Friedrich List. Explores two varieties of vocational education and training that emerge from a comparison of Smith's and List's ideas. (CMK)

  9. The Neo-Humanistic Concept of "Bildung" Going Astray: Comments to Friedrich Schiller's Thoughts on Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vinterbo-Hohr, Aagot; Hohr, Hansjorg

    2006-01-01

    Friedrich Schiller (1759-1805), German poet, dramatist, philosopher and publisher, was a prominent contributor to the educational neo-humanistic concept of Bildung at the threshold to Romanticism. Schiller assigns a pivotal role to the aesthetic education arguing that aesthetic activity reconciles sensuousness and reason and thereby creates the…

  10. Anton Grams dem Gustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann: Mozart schreibe eine neue Oper

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jonášová, Milada

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 53, č. 1 (2016), s. 29-53 ISSN 0018-7003 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP409/12/2563 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Mozart * 1786 * letter * Anton Grams * Gustav Friedrich Wilhelm Großmann Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  11. Tänuvõla tasumine kosimisega : Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald + Maria Lisabeth Saedler / Oskar Kruus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kruus, Oskar, 1929-2007

    2000-01-01

    Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald ja Maria Lisabeth Saedler. Kirjutises on kasutatud Gustav Suitsu ja Endel Nirgi uurimusi. Ilmunud ka kogumikus: Kruus, Oskar. Kakskümmend üks pulma ja üksteist surma. Tln. : Faatum, 2003, lk. 7-11

  12. Het geweten van Duitsland : Friedrich Meinecke als pleitbezorger van het Duitse historisme

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Krol, Reinbert Arnout

    2013-01-01

    The German historian Friedrich Meinecke (1862-1954) lived through all major political en intellectual events of modern Germany. The unification of Germany in 1871, the First World War, the ‘Crisis of Historicism’, the Weimar Republic, the Third Reich, the Second World War, and the subsequent

  13. Friedrich Froebel's Gifts: Connecting the Spiritual and Aesthetic to the Real World of Play and Learning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Provenzo, Eugene F., Jr.

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich Froebel, the German educator and founder of the Kindergarten Movement, developed a series of play materials including geometric building blocks and pattern activity blocks designed to teach children about forms and relationships found in nature. Froebel's notions about using activity and play in preschool education complement many…

  14. Friedrich Dessauer's (1881-1963) contributions to the development of radiotherapy in Turkey

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Dinc, Gulten

    2007-01-01

    Famous physicist Friedrich Dessauer carried out innovative studies in the field of radiotherapy in Turkey where he took refuge escaping from the political situation in Germany before the Second World War. The paper deals with Dessauer's works for the establishment of a radiotherapy institute in Turkey and his contributions to this field

  15. Lotgevallen van een verzamelaar Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bissing (1873-1956)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Haarlem, W.

    2014-01-01

    Friedrich Wilhelm Freiherr von Bissing was a rich German collector who assembled one of the largest private collections of Egyptian antiquities. He also taught Egyptian art history; first in Munich, then in Utrecht. The hard times that followed the First World War brought financial trouble, forcing

  16. Estetyka a granice języka. Ludwig Wittgenstein i Arthur C. Danto

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karolina GLAZOR-POMYKAŁA

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The article is an attempt to pinpoint the areas of Ludwig Wittgenstein aesthetic thought, in which he is crossing the borders principally imposed upon the method and the language of his philosophy. I am directing my attention to metaphysical and mystical motifs of his reflection devoted to aesthetics, the essence of art and the essence of reality. I wish to discuss this issue based on the texts of Arthur C. Danto containing analysis of chosen notions of Wittgenstein’s aesthetic investigations. Additionally in this matter I am appealing to appropriate theses of Leszek Sosnowski and Wojciech Sady, concerning above issues.

  17. Ludwig's angina in children anesthesiologist's nightmare: Case series and review of literature

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maitree Pandey

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig's angina is potentially lethal, rapidly spreading cellulitis of the floor of mouth and neck. The anticipated difficult airway becomes even more challenging when it occurs in children. In children, the larynx is positioned relatively higher in the neck, and one does not have the option for blind nasal intubation or awake fiberoptic, which otherwise is the technique of choice in adult patients. We present the clinical course of 16 children and highlight various problems encountered during the anesthetic management of six children who required emergency surgical drainage under general anesthesia.

  18. Dreams, hallucinations, moving statues, and Ekphrasis in Ludwig Tieck's visual writings

    OpenAIRE

    Rockelmann, Joseph D

    2014-01-01

    When reading Ludwig Tieck's texts the reader becomes aware that dreams, the unconscious, and art play a key role. This study seeks to posit that Ekphrasis and dream interpretation are similar due to both analyzing a visual image and attempting to translate the visual into the verbal in order to gain a better and more complete understanding of it. G.E. Lessing believed that poetry and the visual arts were equal since each art form has its own strengths and when combined they create a complete ...

  19. Hertzian Dynamic Models In Ludwig Wittgenstein’s Theory Of Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Andreea Eșanu

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available During the last century the social sciences grew from the stage of speculative system building to a more mature development in which empirical data are sought for the significance they can have for systematic theories. A lot of work in this field concerns itself with determining the methodological and conceptual prerequisites for a mature science of human reasoning and behavior. Modeling human reasoning and human behavior, although currently focused on social and economic phenomena like organizations, organizational knowledge, leadership, cooperation etc., are historically dependent upon modeling natural phenomena in physical science, precisely because physical science tackles successfully the issue of building upon empirical data. This paper pursues an apparently small, but nonetheless significant, historical claim concerning the “relative position of human reasoning and mechanics” a claim made possible by the development of late 19th century’s epistemology of science (mainly Heinrich Hertz’s and theoretical philosophy (Ludwig Wittgenstein. The main idea of the paper is that Ludwig Wittgenstein’s concept of “logical representation”, seen as a landmark for what human reasoning is about, is an intricate analogue to the Hertzian “dynamic models” from the Principles of Mechanics. This analogy is analyzed and explained with regard to the problem of the “logic of color”.

  20. Ludwig Wittgenstein

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2006-01-01

    Filosoffen Wittgenstein var involveret i et byggeri sammen med arkitekten Paul Engelmann, elev af Adolf Loos. De filosofiske overvejelser om begrebet livsform kan belyse ideerne om den moderne arkitektur hos Loos, mens Loos' stilbegreb omvendt kan belyse sprogfilosofien hos Wittgenstein....

  1. A biographical note on Max Friedrich (1856-1887), Wundt's first PhD student in experimental psychology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domanski, Cezary W

    2004-01-01

    This article unveils some previously unknown facts about the short life of Max Friedrich (1856-1887), the author in 1881 of the first PhD dissertation on experimental psychology, written under the supervision of Wilhelm Wundt: "On the Duration of Apperception for Simple and Complex Visual Stimuli." The article describes Friedrich's family background and life, professional career as a teacher, and works in psychology and mathematics. Copyright 2004 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  2. On the Inequalities of Babu\\vska-Aziz, Friedrichs and Horgan-Payne

    Science.gov (United States)

    Costabel, Martin; Dauge, Monique

    2015-09-01

    The equivalence between the inequalities of Babu\\vska-Aziz and Friedrichs for sufficiently smooth bounded domains in the plane was shown by Horgan and Payne 30 years ago. We prove that this equivalence, and the equality between the associated constants, is true without any regularity condition on the domain. For the Horgan-Payne inequality, which is an upper bound of the Friedrichs constant for plane star-shaped domains in terms of a geometric quantity known as the Horgan-Payne angle, we show that it is true for some classes of domains, but not for all bounded star-shaped domains. We prove a weaker inequality that is true in all cases.

  3. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's philosophy of the mind].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lyre, Holger

    2014-01-01

    The paper deals with Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's position within the philosophy of mind. It turns out that Weizsäcker's ontology is based on an unorthodox conception both in the philosophy of physics and in the philosophy of mind. His quantum information theoretic reductionism is based on a subtle combination of atomism and holism, his philosophy of mind connected to this is a neutral monism, which proposes a bold intertwining of mind, matter, and space.

  4. ["Living with the bomb" - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's path from physics to politics].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Mark

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker spanned a spectrum from physics to politics, with philosophy in-between. This chapter surveys the most controversial part of his career, including his work on nuclear weapons and participation in cultural propaganda during the Second World War, his subsequent active political engagement during the postwar Federal German Republic, in particular the role of nuclear weapons, and his participation in myths surrounding Hitler's Bomb".

  5. Studies on the genus Eupenicillium Ludwig I. Taxonomy and nomenclature of Penicillia in relation to their sclerotioid ascocarpic states

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stolk, Amelia C.; Scott, De B.

    1967-01-01

    The ascocarpic genus Eupenicillium Ludwig has been re-instated and reviewed taxonomically. It accommodates the perfect states of species characterized by pseudoparenchymatic or sclerotioid cleistothecia. The imperfect states belong to Penicillium Link ex Fries. Descriptions and synonomy of the genus

  6. [Ludwig II of Bavaria - the "fairy tale king": his last years from a psychiatric point of view].

    Science.gov (United States)

    V Zerssen, D

    2010-11-01

    Ludwig II of Bavaria (Germany) entered the political stage at the age of 18, following the premature death of his father Maximilian II in 1864. At that time, Ludwig was a very handsome, slender young man; he was enthusiastic and had a pronounced taste for fine arts and music, and was admired by the people as a "fairy tale king". However, already during the first years of his reign, he displayed traits that fulfilled the ICD-10 criteria for schizotypal disorder together with a combined cluster B personality disorder. They became even more pronounced over time. Towards the end of his life, Ludwig developed "imperial madness", a typical pattern of behavioural excesses including craving for power, splendour, construction, unrestrained spending, excessive eating and sexual exploitation, revenge with a tendency for cruelty, and an inclination for theatrical and sometimes irrational acts. This complex syndrome is usually manifested in excessively egocentric rulers who have almost unlimited power or, in the case of Ludwig II, an overwhelming desire to possess it. His imperial madness was possibly contributed to by an orbitofrontal brain syndrome. One conjecture is that this condition reflected a neurodegenerative process; another is that a primary deficit, initiated by brain damage following a severe bout of meningitis during Ludwig's babyhood, played a role. In this case, functional compensation by other brain areas may have eventually been counteracted by chronic substance abuse in his thirties. The monarch's life ended tragically when he was 40 by which time he had become adipose and had lost most of his teeth; meanwhile, he was placed under tutelage, dismissed and detained. Before his death by drowning in Lake Starnberg (suicide? attempted escape??), Ludwig apparently killed his psychiatrist, Bernhard von Gudden, who carelessly served as his sole attendant. Yet Ludwig's image as the beautiful fairy tale king is still alive in the hearts of successive generations of

  7. [Ludwig Rehn (1849-1930) and his importance in the development of modern surgery].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sachs, M; Encke, A

    1996-01-01

    The unusual course of Ludwig Rehn's professional development directed him from a general practitioner close to Frankfurt am Main to his convocation as first Professor in ordinary for surgery to the Frankfurt University, which was newly established in 1914. Among his numerous publications, especially the following contributed immensely to the development of modern surgery: in 1884, he already described the healing of patients with Graves' disease by subtotal resection of the goiter; in 1885 he first described the high prevalence of bladder tumors in workers of an aniline factory; in 1886, he managed the first successful heart-suture after a stab-incision of the right ventricle; in 1897, he already performed an operation at the thoracal oesophagus, with an access via the posterior mediastinum; in 1920, he established the operative treatment (pericardectomy) of patients with a calcified pericarditis (armour heart).

  8. Atoms, mechanics, and probability Ludwig Boltzmann's statistico-mechanical writings : an exegesis

    CERN Document Server

    Darrigol, Olivier

    2018-01-01

    One of the pillars of modern science, statistical mechanics, owes much to one man, the Austrian physicist Ludwig Boltzmann (1844-1906). As a result of his unusual working and writing styles, his enormous contribution remains little read and poorly understood. The purpose of this book is to make the Boltzmann corpus more accessible to physicists, philosophers, and historians, and so give it new life. The means are introductory biographical and historical materials, detailed and lucid summaries of every relevant publication, and a final chapter of critical synthesis. Special attention is given to Boltzmann's theoretical tool-box and to his patient construction of lofty formal systems even before their full conceptual import could be known. This constructive tendency largely accounts for his lengthy style, for the abundance of new constructions, for the relative vagueness of their object--and for the puzzlement of commentators. This book will help the reader cross the stylistic barrier and see how ingeniously B...

  9. Ludwig Guttmann (1899-1980), Stoke Mandeville Hospital and the Paralympic Games.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silver, John R

    2012-08-01

    On 27 July 2012 London is hosting the Olympic and the Paralympic Games. The Olympic Games will be attended by 17,000 athletes to be followed by the Paralympic Games with 4200 athletes from 150 countries, participating in 20 different sports. This multicultural event has grown in the last 60 years from a small competition between British and Dutch athletes on the lawns of Stoke Mandeville Hospital in Buckinghamshire. The Paralympic Movement was born out of the vision of Sir Ludwig Guttmann. Before World War II, most paraplegic patients died. Guttmann came to Stoke Mandeville Hospital in 1944 and instituted the modern treatment of spinal injuries which kept paraplegic patients alive. While exercise is an essential part of rehabilitation, developing strength and agility, and a paraplegic patient can only participate in competitive sport when he or she is fully rehabilitated so the sports movement grew out of the successful treatment of paraplegic patients.

  10. "On cyclic insanity" by Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum, MD: a translation and commentary.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Baethge, Christopher; Salvatore, Paola; Baldessarini, Ross J

    2003-01-01

    Karl Ludwig Kahlbaum (1828-1899) spent most of his professional career as director of a private psychiatric sanatorium in Germany. He remains influential for introducing his "clinical method" (based on considering the course of an illness as well as the signs and symptoms) of differential diagnosis of specific psychiatric syndromes and urging abandonment of the more unitary views of psychotic disorders favored by the leading German academic theorists of his time. Kahlbaum's approach to nosology, detailed in an 1863 monograph and other works, strongly influenced Kraepelin's views. However, remarkably few of the important writings of this keen clinical observer are available in English translation. His seminal lecture-essay "On Cyclic Insanity" [Uber cyklisches Irresein] of 1882 is translated into English here for the first time, with comments about its place in the history of the evolution of the concept of bipolar disorder, including its position as a link between Falret's folie circulaire and Kraepelin's manic-depressive insanity.

  11. Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München Historisches Seminar /Abteilung geschichtliche Wissenschaften, Projektbereich 'Digitale Tafelwerke Pilotprojekt Digitalisierung Sybel/Sickel: "Kaiserurkunden in Abbildungen"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antonella Ghignoli

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Review of Bayerische Staatsbibliothek Ludwig-Maximilian Universität München Historisches Seminar /Abteilung geschichtliche Wissenschaften, Projektbereich 'Digitale Tafelwerke Pilotprojekt Digitalisierung Sybel/Sickel: "Kaiserurkunden in Abbildungen"

  12. A short biography of Hubert Ludwig and a note on the publication dates of his monograph Die Seewalzen (1889-1892).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reich, Mike

    2015-12-03

    The dates of publication of Hubert Ludwig's (1852-1913) comprehensive monograph Die Seewalzen [= Sea cucumbers] are reviewed. The precise publication dates of his volume, originally published in 16 fascicles and 8 parts/issues, delivered between 1889 and 1892, has been re-examined. Additionally, a short biographical note on Hubert Ludwig's life and a discussion of all new taxa introduced by him in his monograph is given.

  13. The Beginnings of Photography in Central Europe. Friedrich Franz and the First Daguerreotypes in Brno

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Trnková, Petra

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 39, č. 2 (2015), s. 121-141 ISSN 0308-7298 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GPP409/11/P834 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : photography * 19th century * daguerreotype * portraiture * Friedrich Franz * Franz Xaver Braumüller * Anton Gindl * Albin Heinrich * Cyril Napp * Josef Carl Lauer * Carl Schuh * Josef Wawra * Andreas Ettingshausen * Voigtländer metal camera * Ackerbaugesellschaft * Brno * Moravia * early photography in Central Europe Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  14. Friedrich Robert Helmert, founder of modern geodesy, on the occasion of the centenary of his death

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ihde, Johannes; Reinhold, Andreas

    2017-08-01

    Friedrich Robert Helmert died in Potsdam in 1917 at the age of 74 after serving for over 30 years as director of the Royal Prussian Geodetic Institute and of the Central Bureau of the Internationale Erdmessung, the forerunner of today's International Association of Geodesy. He dedicated his life and his scientific career to the field of geodesy. His teachings on theoretical and physical geodesy were incorporated into university curricula around the world and hence into international endeavours to measure planet Earth. The purpose of this article is to illustrate the impact he has had on the development of modern geodesy and on the related sciences.

  15. Bomb-spike dating of a mummified baboon in Ludwig Cave, Namibia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hodgins Greg

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In 1982 a mummified adult female baboon was discovered on a ledge in Ludwig Cave in Namibia. A toe bone was removed for dating in July 1995. AMS radiocarbon dating of bone collagen, tendon, and skin indicates a post-modern age. Application of the atomic bomb-spike calibration curve suggests death in late 1977 and an age at death of around 19 years. Baboons roost in the cave and the mummified female, along with a mummified juvenile male discovered in 2002 and three rotting corpses discovered in 1995, were probably chased by other baboons or by leopards down a ca. 6 m drop during the rainy season, and were unable to climb the steep and very slippery slope to escape. The large number of baboons trapped in the cave in less than 20 years, and mummification of two individuals on dry, dusty ledges in the cave, may explain why large numbers of baboon skeletons have been discovered in ancient bone breccias (up to 4 Ma old in a number of caves throughout Southern Africa.

  16. Mortimer Frank, Johann Ludwig Choulant, and the history of anatomical illustration.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Feibel, Robert M

    2018-01-01

    Mortimer Frank (1874-1919) was an ophthalmologist in Chicago, Illinois. He published a number of papers on the history of medicine, and was secretary of the Chicago Society of the History of Medicine and editor of their Bulletin. His major contribution to the history of medicine relates to the history of anatomical illustration. The classic book on that subject had been published in 1852 in German by the physician and historian, Johann Ludwig Choulant (1791-1861). However, by Frank's time this text was both out dated and out of print. Frank took on the tremendous project of translating Choulant's German text into English as History and Bibliography of Anatomic Illustration in Its Relation to Anatomic Science and The Graphic Arts. He improved Choulant's text with the results of his and other scholars' research, greatly enlarging the text. Frank supplemented the original book with a biography of Choulant, essays on anatomists not considered in the original text, and an essay on the history of anatomical illustration prior to those authors discussed by Choulant. This book, now referred to as Choulant/Frank, has been reprinted several times, and is still useful as a reference in this field, though some of its research is now dated.

  17. Lax-Friedrichs sweeping scheme for static Hamilton-Jacobi equations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kao, C.Y.; Osher, Stanley; Qian Jianliang

    2004-01-01

    We propose a simple, fast sweeping method based on the Lax-Friedrichs monotone numerical Hamiltonian to approximate viscosity solutions of arbitrary static Hamilton-Jacobi equations in any number of spatial dimensions. By using the Lax-Friedrichs numerical Hamiltonian, we can easily obtain the solution at a specific grid point in terms of its neighbors, so that a Gauss-Seidel type nonlinear iterative method can be utilized. Furthermore, by incorporating a group-wise causality principle into the Gauss-Seidel iteration by following a finite group of characteristics, we have an easy-to-implement, sweeping-type, and fast convergent numerical method. However, unlike other methods based on the Godunov numerical Hamiltonian, some computational boundary conditions are needed in the implementation. We give a simple recipe which enforces a version of discrete min-max principle. Some convergence analysis is done for the one-dimensional eikonal equation. Extensive 2-D and 3-D numerical examples illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the new approach. To our knowledge, this is the first fast numerical method based on discretizing the Hamilton-Jacobi equation directly without assuming convexity and/or homogeneity of the Hamiltonian

  18. Lax-Friedrichs sweeping scheme for static Hamilton-Jacobi equations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kao, Chiu Yen; Osher, Stanley; Qian, Jianliang

    2004-05-01

    We propose a simple, fast sweeping method based on the Lax-Friedrichs monotone numerical Hamiltonian to approximate viscosity solutions of arbitrary static Hamilton-Jacobi equations in any number of spatial dimensions. By using the Lax-Friedrichs numerical Hamiltonian, we can easily obtain the solution at a specific grid point in terms of its neighbors, so that a Gauss-Seidel type nonlinear iterative method can be utilized. Furthermore, by incorporating a group-wise causality principle into the Gauss-Seidel iteration by following a finite group of characteristics, we have an easy-to-implement, sweeping-type, and fast convergent numerical method. However, unlike other methods based on the Godunov numerical Hamiltonian, some computational boundary conditions are needed in the implementation. We give a simple recipe which enforces a version of discrete min-max principle. Some convergence analysis is done for the one-dimensional eikonal equation. Extensive 2-D and 3-D numerical examples illustrate the efficiency and accuracy of the new approach. To our knowledge, this is the first fast numerical method based on discretizing the Hamilton-Jacobi equation directly without assuming convexity and/or homogeneity of the Hamiltonian.

  19. ‘Antennas Have Long Since Invaded Our Brains’: Listening to the ‘Other Music’ in Friedrich Kittler

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kromhout, M.J.; van Maas, S.

    2015-01-01

    "In several articles, Friedrich Kittler addresses the question of music and sound in the age of media. Operating on the intersection between media, art, philology and philosophy, Kittler writes about an "other" music, which was already described by Nietzsche. This music is not concerned with

  20. Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816 / Vladimir Sazonov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sazonov, Vladimir, 1979-

    2013-01-01

    Arvustus: Briefe aus dem Morgenland - Otto Friedrich von Richters Forschungsreise in den Jahren 1814-1816, hrsg. von Indrek Jürjo, Sergei Stadnikov, Hamburger Beiträge zur Geschichte des östlichen Europa, Bd. 20. Hamburg: Verlag Dr. Kovač 2013, 313 lk.

  1. The self-presentation of the Halle medical professor Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742) mirrored by his autobiography.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schweikardt, Christoph

    2002-12-01

    The lost autobiography of the famous Halle medical professor Friedrich Hoffmann (1660-1742) was recently located in the Manuscripta borussica collection of the Berlin State Library Manuscript Department (Handschriftenabteilung der Staatsbibliothek zu Berlin). The autobiography shows new details about his life and work as well as his strategy to shape the picture of his personality for posterity.

  2. Vital forces and organization: philosophy of nature and biology in Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gambarotto, Andrea

    2014-12-01

    The historical literature on German life science at the end of the 18th century has tried to rehabilitate eighteenth century vitalism by stressing its difference from Naturphilosophie. Focusing on the work of Karl Friedrich Kielmeyer this paper argues that these positions are based on a historiographical bias and that the clear-cut boundary between German vitalism and Naturphilosophie is historically unattested. On the contrary, they both belong to the process of conceptual genealogy that contributed to the project of a general biology. The latter emerged as the science concerned with the laws that regulate the organization of living nature as a whole. The focus on organization was, at least partially, the result of the debate surrounding the notion of "vital force", which originated in the mid-eighteenth century and caused a shift from a regulative to a constitutive understanding of teleology. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  3. Friedrich Schlegels early Romantic notion of religion in relation to two presuppositions of the Enlightenment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asko Nivala

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available German early Romanticism was an intellectual movement that originated in the era between the great French Revolution of 1789 and the beginning of the Napoleonic Wars in 1803. Usually, it is defined in contrast to the Enlightenment. The Enlightenment is presented as the age of reason, criticism and scientific naturalism, while the Romantics are portrayed as its reactionary enemies. According to a still customary prejudice, Romanticism was the age of exaggerated emotions, authoritarian dogmatism and mystical superstition. However, our notion of the Enlightenment has undergone changes in recent decades. Because the traditional antagonism between Aufklärung and Frühromantik has become questionable, the Romantic revival of religion needs reconsideration. In this paper, Nivala proposes an argument why the Romantics did not fall into reactionary irrationalism. His discussion focuses on one person, Friedrich Schlegel (1772–1829. Nivala presents how two vital presuppositions of the Enlightenment, naturalism and criticism, were reinterpreted by Schlegel as pantheism and mysticism.

  4. The adventurous life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, physicist (1903-1966)

    CERN Document Server

    Braccini, Saverio; Ereditato, Antonio; Scampoli, Paola

    2012-01-01

    The physicist Friedrich Houtermans (1903-1966) was an essential promoter and proponent of the development of physics in Berne. He introduced a number of activities in the field of elementary particles, with a special focus on the physics of cosmic rays, and important contributions in applied physics. This biography of Houtermans was written by Edoardo Amaldi and was almost finished just before his unexpected death in 1989. The editors have only corrected typographical errors and have introduced only minimal text changes in order to preserve the original content. Additionally they have collected and included unpublished pictures and memories from Houtermans’ students and collaborators. The text is the result of a thorough and intensive study on Houtermans’ life and character carried out by Edoardo Amaldi. It is more than a biography, since the figure of Houtermans is set in a historical perspective of Europe between the two world wars. This book will be of great interest to historians and historians of sci...

  5. Singular Spectrum Near a Singular Point of Friedrichs Model Operators of Absolute Type

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iakovlev, Serguei I.

    2006-01-01

    In L 2 (R) we consider a family of self adjoint operators of the Friedrichs model: A m =|t| m +V. Here |t| m is the operator of multiplication by the corresponding function of the independent variable t element of R, and (perturbation) is a trace-class integral operator with a continuous Hermitian kernel ν(t,x) satisfying some smoothness condition. These absolute type operators have one singular point of order m>0. Conditions on the kernel ν(t,x) are found guaranteeing the absence of the point spectrum and the singular continuous one of such operators near the origin. These conditions are actually necessary and sufficient. They depend on the finiteness of the rank of a perturbation operator and on the order of singularity. The sharpness of these conditions is confirmed by counterexamples

  6. Staatschuld, Verfassung und Revolutionsprävention: Friedrich Buchholz und der Beginn der Sozialwissenschaft

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Axel Rüdiger

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available From within the environment of the Prussian reforms at the beginning of the 19th century, FriedrichBuchholz developed the social-scientific concept of Zukunftspolitik, which deals with the constitutionalsafeguard of public credit and the prevention of destructive revolution through targetedpolitical reforms. In contrast to political romanticism (Adam Müller and others, Buchholz orientshimself not toward the English system of representation, but toward the French model, to combinerevolutionary popular sovereignty with representative government. Using the example of Englishpublic debt in the 18th century, he develops the political dialectic of materialist necessity and arbitrarycontingency. Whereas sovereignty without representation in the maintenance of public creditinevitably leads to Jacobin Terror, parliamentarian representation without sovereignty leads to, inthe English model, a general state of war. Europe’s future, according to Buchholz, thus depends onthe reform of English Parliamentarianism.

  7. [Recurrent depressive disorder in Caspar David Friedrich. A pathographical approach with operationalized diagnosis].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Spitzer, C; Dahlenburg, B; Freyberger, H J

    2006-07-01

    Caspar David Friedrich (1774 - 1840) is one of the most important German Romantic painters. In his paintings, he prototypically represents the melancholy, which has been mentioned by his contemporaries and later biographers. Art scientists have also referred to his melancholy for the interpretation of his work. From a medical point of view, there are only two pathographies which remain inconclusive. Having applied diagnostic criteria for psychiatric disorders to his letters and publications, to statements of his contemporaries and to his art, we propose that he had suffered from a recurrent major depression which occurred in 1799 for the first time. At least three depressive episodes followed before he was struck by a stroke in 1835. There are epidemiological, psychodynamic and personality-typological reasons supporting our diagnostic assumption. The course of his depression corresponds to phases of reduced creativity, to the chosen techniques and motives. Finally we discuss the implications of our approach for the pathographical method in general.

  8. [Remember, Avert, Prevent: Franz Ludwig Berthold Kihn--A Typology of "Euthanasia"].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, B; Frewer, A; Kornhuber, J

    2015-11-01

    The current debate on assisted suicide provides the occasion for calling to mind the role of Berthold Kihn as a psychiatrist under National Socialism. With a historical presentation of a typology of euthanasia, the Academic Psychiatry of Erlangen together with the Medical Ethics would like to sensitize discussions on assisted suicide by drawing attention to the start and end of Kihn's scientific career. Relevant archive material, primary and secondary literature were analyzed and evaluated. As Assistant and Senior Physician at the Psychiatric and Neurological Hospital of the University of Erlangen, Kihn lectured on "the elimination of the inferiors". As Director of the Psychiatric and Neurological Hospital of Jena University, Kihn selected psychiatric patients to be murdered under the "T4 action". Kihn participated in drafting a "Euthanasia Law". Despite his involvement in the murder of mentally ill, Kihn returned to Erlangen as a "Soviet Zone refugee", where a Denazification Court considered him a "hanger-on". Kihn was reintegrated in the academic faculty of the Friedrich-Alexander-University and headed a private clinic. On 21.01.1963, the State's Attorney Nuremberg-Fuerth dropped the criminal procedure against Kihn--officially due to a lack of proof of punishable guilt. An appropriate medical historical contextualization can represent an important condition for an adequate medical ethical debate on physician-assisted suicide and the involvement of psychiatrists. FINAL COMMENT: The analysis of Kihn's patterns of thought and argumentation can help sensitize those involved in debates on physician-assisted suicide and highlights the critical role of psychiatry as a discipline in this context. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  9. Implant dentistry curriculum in undergraduate education: part 2-program at the Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kroeplin, Birgit S; Strub, Joerg R

    2011-01-01

    The aim of this study was to describe the didactic and clinical undergraduate implant dentistry program of the Albert-Ludwigs University, Freiburg, Germany, with emphasis on the clinical implant experience. A detailed description of the implant curriculum at Albert-Ludwigs University is given with documented exemplary cases and additional flow charts. All students participate in 28 hours of lectures and approximately 64 hours of seminars with hands-on courses and gain clinical experience. All undergraduate students are eligible to place and restore oral implants. Emphasis is placed on prosthetic-driven planning of implant positions, three-dimensional imaging, and computer-guided implant placement. Implant restorations performed by undergraduate students comprise single crowns and small multiunit fixed dental prostheses in partially edentulous posterior maxillae and anterior or posterior mandibles, implant-retained overdentures (snap attachment) in edentulous patients, and telescopic fixed-removable dental prostheses on remaining teeth and strategically placed additional implants. Over the past 2.5 years, 51 patients were treated with 97 dental implants placed by students in the undergraduate program. Seventy-one restorations were inserted: 60.6% single crowns, 7% fixed dental protheses, 21.1% overdentures, and 11.3% telescopic fixed-removable dental prostheses. The implant survival rate was 98.9%. Because survival rates for dental implants placed and restored by students are comparable to those of experienced dentists, oral implant dentistry should be implemented as part of the undergraduate dental curriculum.

  10. Response to inquiry request from the Ludwig, Schilthuis, Boonstra, Wright, Bryzgorni and Johnstone families and Dr. W. O. Scott

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2000-01-01

    An EUB inquiry into oil and gas activities in the Hythe and Beaverlodge area in Alberta was requested by a number of families and individuals, living near the area, complaining of emissions from petroleum operations, as well as expressing concerns about increasing community frustration and intentional damage to petroleum facilities. During the Board's consideration of the request two members of the group, Wiebo Ludwig and Richard Boonstra, were charged with criminal offences related to damage to oil and gas facilities in northwestern Alberta. They were tried and convicted for these offences in April 2000. Subsequently, the Board denied the request for an inquiry on the grounds that the oil and gas operations identified by the families have been conducted in compliance with the terms of the respective companies' approvals, licences and permits, and the operations conformed to provincial standards. Furthermore, the families, especially the Ludwig, Boonstra and Schilthuis families, have consistently demonstrated a lack of cooperation over the years in participating in efforts initiated by the Board, industry and government, to find solutions to their concerns. Also, the Board found no objective evidence that the harmful effects identified by the families resulted from the lawful activities of the energy companies operating in the Hythe area. This Memorandum of Decision contains the detailed reasoning of the Board for denying the request for an inquiry, and to provide context, including facts about the extent, scope and performance of oil and gas operations in the area. 2 figs

  11. The International (Ludwig) Breast Cancer Study Group Trials I-IV: 15 years follow-up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Castiglione-Gertsch, M; Johnsen, C; Goldhirsch, A; Gelber, R D; Rudenstam, C M; Collins, J; Lindtner, J; Hacking, A; Cortes-Funes, H; Forbes, J

    1994-10-01

    Adjuvant systemic therapy prolongs disease-free and overall survival in both pre- and postmenopausal patients. Available data shown benefit from multi-agent chemotherapy, prolonged tamoxifen treatment, and ovarian ablation, and that the combination of chemo- and endocrine therapy might be advantageous. In 1978 the International (Ludwig) Breast Cancer Study Group (IBCSG) initiated four complementary randomized controlled clinical trials to evaluate the roles of chemo-endocrine combinations or endocrine therapy alone in specific populations defined by risk (for pre- and perimenopausal patients) or by age (for postmenopausal patients). The results at 10 and 13 years' median follow-up for these trials are summarized in this report and are compared to those of the Overview meta-analysis with regard to chemo-endocrine or endocrine therapy combinations. Furthermore, types of first relapses by sites and second malignant diseases are reported. 1601 evaluable patients with node positive disease were included into the studies I-IV. In Trial I (491 premenopausal patients with 1-3 positive axillary nodes) we studied the addition of low-dose continuous prednisone (p) to a cyclophosphamide-methotrexate-fluorouracil (CMF) combination. In Trial II 327 premenopausal patients with four or more positive axillary nodes were randomized to one year CMFp or to a surgical oophorectomy followed by CMFp. In Trial III (463 postmenopausal patients 65 years old or younger), combined chemoendocrine therapy (one year of CMFp plus tamoxifen (T)) was compared to endocrine therapy (1 year of p + T) or to surgery alone. In Trial IV 320 postmenopausal patients 66 to 80 years old were treated either by surgery alone or by surgery followed by 1 year prednisone and tamoxifen. In Trial I the addition of prednisone allowed a higher dose of cytotoxics to be administered compared with CMF alone. Despite this increased dose intensity, 13-year disease-free survival (DFS) and overall survival (OS) were similar

  12. Transferências e apropriações de saberes: Friedrich Bieri e a matemática para o ensino primário - Knowledge transferences and appropriations: Friedrich Bieri and the mathematic to the primary school

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Circe Mary Silva da Silva, Brasil

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available A partir da análise da obra de Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924, um suíço que emigrou para o Brasil no século 19, identificamos apropriações de saberes produzidos em países de língua alemã no ensino brasileiro. A investigação traz um perfil deste personagem, assim como relata o processo de transferência de conhecimentos ocorrido e seu papel no contexto da província do Rio Grande do Sul. A análise da obra de Bieri permitiu concluir que o autor, além de ter sido um dos pioneiros na produção de livros didáticos para escolas teuto-brasileiras, adotou uma proposta pedagógica germânica adaptada ao contexto local e influenciada pelo método de Grube e da reformulação deste por Egger. Palavras-chave: Friedrich Bieri, livro didático, Egger, Grube, Rechenbuch. KNOWLEDGE TRANSFERENCES AND APPROPRIATIONS: FRIEDRICH BIERI AND THE MATHEMATIC TO THE PRIMARY SCHOOLAbstractStarting from the analyses of Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924 work, a Swiss who immigrated to Brazil in the 19th century, we identified knowledge appropriation produced in German speaking countries in the Brazilian teaching. This study brings up Bieri’s profile as well as reports the knowledge transference process occurred and its role in the country of Rio Grande do Sul. Bieri’s work analyses allowed concluding that the author, besides being one of the precursors of didactics books for Teutonic schools production, also adopted a German pedagogical proposal adapted to the local context and influenced by Grube’s method and its reformulation by Egger.Key-words: Friedrich Bieri, didactic book, arithmetic, Jakob Egger.    TRANSFERENCIAS Y APROPIACIÓN DEL CONOCIMIENTO: FRIEDRICH BIERI Y LAS MATEMÁTICAS EN LA EDUCACIÓN PRIMARIAResumenA partir del análisis de la obra de Friedrich Bieri (1844-1924, un suizo emigrado a Brasil en el siglo 19, nos ha sido posible identificar algunas apropiaciones de saberes producidos en países germanófonos y posteriormente introducidos en la

  13. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's language, rhetoric and habitus].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hentschel, Klaus

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was not only an exceptional physicist, philosopher and peace scholar, but also a skilled and articulate speaker and a highly successful author. Dozens of his books were published in tens of thousands of copies despite their highly nontrivial content. This wide impact was only possible--this at least is one of the claims made in this paper--because of his sophisticated style and rhetorics. The analysis here is based on hand-picked samples from all kinds of Weizsäcker texts (talks, scientific and popular papers and books, poems and Limericks). Strangely enough, this interesting stylistic and rhetorical facet of his oeuvre has hitherto not been analyzed in any detail despite its crucial importance in the broad impact on his multifarious audience. My paper starts out from a collection of striking features of his language and structural specialties in his published talks and speeches, and explore findings from sound recordings and film tapes which offer further insight into his manner of emphasis, usage of pauses and intonation. On the basis of these stylistic traits and their often subcutaneous, but nevertheless clever rhetorics, I close with a few remarks on the habitus of this scholar and his positioning within the ensemble of German-speaking physicists of that generation.

  14. Building a National Heritage Registry for the Sudan: the Friedrich W. Hinkel Archive Digitization Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lawrenz, S.

    2017-08-01

    The Republic of the Sudan is home to outstanding and diverse cultural heritage ranging from Neolithic sites of human activity and settlement to historic sites of the 19th and 20th century. While certain phases of the Sudan's cultural heritage such as the period of Egyptian influence during the second and first millennium B.C. have been the focus of archaeological research since the 19th century, other aspects of the country's rich history have remained largely unknown locally and internationally due to a lack of documentation and registration of such sites. Since 2014, the German Archaeological Institute (DAI) has been engaged in an effort to support the creation of a national heritage registry in close cooperation with the National Corporation for Antiquities and Museums (NCAM) by digitizing the archive of German architect Friedrich W. Hinkel and engaging in capacity building measures focusing on analog and digital data curation. The archive contains structured information (photos, drawings, maps and assembled written documentation) regarding over 14,000 archaeological and historical sites in the Sudan using an alphanumeric coding system that allows for easy integration of data in a digital environment such as the DAI's IT infrastructure, the iDAI.world. As such the data assembled by Hinkel will serve as the basis of the national heritage registry currently in development.

  15. Genesis idea of the superman in european philosophy: concept Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Y. Somov

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available The article is dedicated to the concept of Nietzsche superman in the context of development of the idea of European philosophy superman. Based on a study of scientific literature it was proved that Nietzsche was the first in European philosophy who has attempted to move away from its classical forms, creating a special type of superman, the values of which were creative, spiritual self, the victory over himself and the will to develop and adopt values, that multiply the power of life. It can be stated that superman Friedrich Nietzsche – a man who does not exist yet, and when it appears – is unknown. Initial characterization of superman Nietzsche is the power and the will who oppose «reasonableness» that seeks to bring originality to all acts of consciousness and identity. In superman should be personal development, their personal view of the world and its way. The main feature of the superman must be spiritual creativity, the total concentration of the will to power, that is able to completely control the superman himself: to know precisely aspiration, desire and how he organizes his way to the goal.

  16. Friedrich Albert Lange on neo-Kantianism, socialist Darwinism, and a psychology without a soul.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teo, Thomas

    2002-01-01

    Friedrich Albert Lange was a German philosopher, political theorist, educator, and psychologist who outlined an objective psychology in the 1860s. This article shows how some of the most important worldviews of the nineteenth century (Kantianism, Marxism, and Darwinism) were combined creatively in his thought system. He was crucial in the development of neo-Kantianism and incorporated psycho-physiological research on sensation and perception in order to defend Kant's epistemological idealism. Based on a critique of phrenology and philosophical psychology of his time, Lange developed a program of a psychology without a soul. He suggested that only those phenomena that can be observed and controlled should be studied, that psychology should focus on actions and speech, and that for each psychological event the corresponding physical or physiological processes should be identified. Lange opposed introspection and subjective accounts and promoted experiments and statistics. He also promoted Darwinism for psychology while developing a socialist progressive-democratic reading of Darwin in his social theory. The implications of socialist Darwinism on Lange's conceptualization of race are discussed and his prominence in nineteenth century philosophy and psychology is summarized. Copyright 2002 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

  17. Fruits without labour: the implications of Friedrich Nietzsche's ideas for the caring professions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nolan, P W; Brown, B; Crawford, P

    1998-08-01

    Seldom is the work of philosophers invoked by health professionals when examining aspects of care from a philosophical perspective. Instead, students of health care, especially nurses, have been introduced to 'philosophies' which are often superficially examined and poorly understood. This practice fails to develop in students an appreciation of the work of philosophers or to acquire the art of critical thinking. The introduction of models and theories of nursing in the past three decades has alerted nurses to the importance of possessing critical skills in order to identify sound theory and implement good practice. This paper goes beyond mere philosophising and examines aspects of mental health care from the perspectives of one of nineteenth century Europe's most notable philosophers, Friedrich Nietzsche. It argues that understanding his work can enhance one's ability to reflect on nursing practice, as well as bringing a new dimension to how we analyse 'mental health' problems. His work provides many insights into how we can improve our understanding of the effect of mental illness and mental health care on the individual, and how we conceptualise the process of care. This paper provides an overview of his life's work, his impact on the history of ideas and develops some of the more provocative implications of his work for mental health care.

  18. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker major texts in physics

    CERN Document Server

    2014-01-01

    This book presents a collection of texts by the German physicist and philosopher Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker (1912-2007), for use in seminars on the history, epistemology and structure of physics. Most texts appear in English for the first time. Weizsäcker became famous through his works in physics, mainly in the early development of nuclear physics. Later he would also become well known as a philosopher and analyst of contemporary culture. Texts include the original publications of the “Weizsäcker-Bethe formula” of nuclear masses and the “Bethe-Weizsäcker cycle,” which explains the source of energy in the sun; both were developed by Bethe at the same time and independently of Weizsäcker. Further texts deal with Weizsäcker’s explanation of the origin of planets, his explanation of the “time arrow” in Statistical Mechanics and his analyses of Quantum Mechanics and the structure of physics in general.

  19. Comprehending isospin breaking effects of X (3872 ) in a Friedrichs-model-like scheme

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, Zhi-Yong; Xiao, Zhiguang

    2018-02-01

    Recently, we have shown that the X (3872 ) state can be naturally generated as a bound state by incorporating the hadron interactions into the Godfrey-Isgur quark model using a Friedrichs-like model combined with the quark pair creation model, in which the wave function for the X (3872 ) as a combination of the bare c c ¯ state and the continuum states can also be obtained. Under this scheme, we now investigate the isospin-breaking effect of X (3872 ) in its decays to J /ψ π+π- and J /ψ π+π-π0. By coupling its dominant continuum parts to J /ψ ρ and J /ψ ω through the quark rearrangement process, one could obtain the reasonable ratio of B (X (3872 )→J /ψ π+π-π0)/B (X (3872 )→J /ψ π+π-)≃ (0.58 - 0.92 ) . It is also shown that the D ¯D* invariant mass distributions in the B →D ¯D*K decays could be understood qualitatively at the same time. This scheme may provide more insight into the enigmatic nature of the X (3872 ) state.

  20. “World domination or ruin”. Friedrich von Bernhardi and German militarism before World War I

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    Mihael Antolović

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available The paper analyzes the role of militarism in the political life of Germany before WWI. By pointing out the roe of militarism in the political life of Germany at the start of the 20th century, the paper puts an emphasis on the writing of Friedrich von Bernhardi titled Germany and the next war, published in 1912. Bernhardi sought to prove the inevitability of “preemptive war” and territorial annexations in order to provide for the economic and political interests of Germany as a global force. Bernhardi legitimized his opinion by calling on social-Darwinist arguments as well as the tradition of German idealist philosophy, and claiming that war is the only means by which it is possible to sustain German culture as the highest form of “German spirit” and its most valuable contribution to humanity. Considering the high rank which Bernhardi held as a general in the German military, as well as how his attitudes fell in with German foreign policy of the period, Bernhardi’s writing represents, in a condensed fashion, an expression of militaristic ideas present in German society before WWI.

  1. Enforcing the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy condition in explicitly conservative local time stepping schemes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gnedin, Nickolay Y.; Semenov, Vadim A.; Kravtsov, Andrey V.

    2018-04-01

    An optimally efficient explicit numerical scheme for solving fluid dynamics equations, or any other parabolic or hyperbolic system of partial differential equations, should allow local regions to advance in time with their own, locally constrained time steps. However, such a scheme can result in violation of the Courant-Friedrichs-Lewy (CFL) condition, which is manifestly non-local. Although the violations can be considered to be "weak" in a certain sense and the corresponding numerical solution may be stable, such calculation does not guarantee the correct propagation speed for arbitrary waves. We use an experimental fluid dynamics code that allows cubic "patches" of grid cells to step with independent, locally constrained time steps to demonstrate how the CFL condition can be enforced by imposing a constraint on the time steps of neighboring patches. We perform several numerical tests that illustrate errors introduced in the numerical solutions by weak CFL condition violations and show how strict enforcement of the CFL condition eliminates these errors. In all our tests the strict enforcement of the CFL condition does not impose a significant performance penalty.

  2. Principles of methodology guiding the study of religion as found in the work of Friedrich Heiler

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    Tatiana Samarina

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The issue of methodology in the study of religious phenomena appears as problematic to those Russian experts who deal with the scientific study of religious phenomena. On the other hand, western European researchers have already made much positive progress in this direction. This article attempts to define the principles which guide the scholar in the study of religion as found in the work of the renowned German scholar Friedrich Heiler. The author’s starting point is Heiler’s fundamental concept which permeates all his work and is most clearly defined in his last monograph: «Erscheinungsformen und Wesen der Religion». Heiler gives several pointers to students of religion: attention to detail, a fi rm grounding in the core matter of the object to be studies, and at the same time a comprehensive and panoramic view of religion and religious phenomena as a whole. The author concludes that Heiler’s protracted study of both Christianity and the Eastern religions led him to regard the phenomenological method as the most eff ective. The author presupposes a negative reception of this method by Russian students of religious phenomena due to the fact that the latter are too unfamiliar with Heiler’s work and conclusions

  3. A analítica kantiana do sublime em Friedrich Schiller

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    Artur Bispo dos Santos Neto

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available O nosso texto tem como propósito apontar a articulação existente entre a estética kantiana, expressa na sua obra basilar Crítica da faculdade do juízo, e a reflexão estética constituída por Friedrich Schiller mediante a sua noção de sublime. Embora Schiller se inscreva sob o signo da influência da terceira Crítica, vamos mostrar na tessitura deste texto como consegue libertar-se da influência kantiana, ao recusar a centralidade do juízo de gosto na definição do belo e afirmar a beleza (puchritudo como liberdade no fenômeno. Schiller não se limita à investigação do sublime no âmbito da beleza livre (natureza, mas investiga-a especialmente no campo da beleza aderente. Embora o próprio Kant tenha atribuído ao gosto o significado de uma transição do prazer dos sentidos à disposição moral, será Schiller quem radicalizará o propósito de uma educação moral do homem pela mediação do sublime e do patético na arte.

  4. Model building with wind and water: Friedrich Ahlborn's photo-optical flow analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hinterwaldner, Inge

    2015-02-01

    Around 1900, several experimenters investigated turbulences in wind tunnels or water basins by creating visualizations. One of them, the German zoologist Friedrich Ahlborn (1858-1937), was familiar with the works by his contemporaries but he struck a new path. He combined three different kinds of photographs taken at the same time and showed the same situation in his water trough-but each in a different way. With this first basic operation, Ahlborn heuristically opened up a previously non-existent space for experimentation, analysis, and recombination. He generated an astonishing diversity of information by adopting the tactics of 'inversions' in which he interpreted one part of the experimental setup, or its results, in different ways. Between the variants of the 'autographs' which he developed, he defined areas of intersection to be able to translate results from individual records into each other. To this end, Ahlborn created other sets of visual artifacts such as drawn diagrams, three-dimensional wire frame constructions, and clay reliefs. His working method can be described as a cascading array of successive modeling steps, as elaborated by Eric Winsberg (1999), or of inscriptions in Bruno Latour's words (Latour, 1986). By examining Ahlborn's procedures closely we propose conceptualizations for the experimenter's various operations. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  5. ON THE MAKING OF A SYSTEM THEORY OF LIFE: PAUL A WEISS AND LUDWIG VON BERTALANFFY’S CONCEPTUAL CONNECTION

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David

    2010-01-01

    In this article, we review how two eminent Viennese system thinkers, Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy, began to develop their own perspectives toward a system theory of life in the 1920s. Their work is especially rooted in experimental biology as performed at the Biologische Versuchsanstalt, as well as in philosophy, and they converge in basic concepts. We underline the conceptual connections of their thinking, among them the organism as an organized system, hierarchical organization, and primary activity. With their system thinking, both biologists shared a strong desire to overcome what they viewed as a “mechanistic” approach in biology. Their interpretations are relevant to the renaissance of system thinking in biology—“systems biology.” Unless otherwise noted, all translations are our own. PMID:18217527

  6. On the making of a system theory of life: Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy's conceptual connection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Apfalter, Wilfried; Pouvreau, David

    2007-12-01

    In this article, we review how two eminent Viennese system thinkers, Paul A Weiss and Ludwig von Bertalanffy, began to develop their own perspectives toward a system theory of life in the 1920s. Their work is especially rooted in experimental biology as performed at the Biologische Versuchsanstalt, as well as in philosophy, and they converge in basic concepts. We underline the conceptual connections of their thinking, among them the organism as an organized system, hierarchical organization, and primary activity. With their system thinking, both biologists shared a strong desire to overcome what they viewed as a "mechanistic" approach in biology. Their interpretations are relevant to the renaissance of system thinking in biology--"systems biology." Unless otherwise noted, all translations are our own.

  7. Berliner Geowissenschaftlerinnen an der Friedrich-Wilhelms-Universität von 1906 bis 1945, eine Fallstudie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. A. R. Mohr

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available In dieser Untersuchung werden beispielhaft die Lebenswege und Karrieren von Berliner Geowissenschaftlerinnen im Zeitraum von 1906 bis 1945 nachgezeichnet und analysiert. Ähnlich wie an anderen deutschen bzw. westlichen Universitäten, aber im Gegensatz zu Russland, begann die Tätigkeit von Frauen in den Geowissenschaften spät, und das Fach wurde auch relativ selten gewählt, hauptsächlich wegen der zu geringen Berufschancen. Aber die besondere Situation in Berlin mit mehreren sich ergänzenden Institutionen und dem daraus resultierenden breiten Spektrum an geowissenschaftlichen Disziplinen, sowie ausgezeichneten Professoren, ließ dennoch Raum für eine Ausbildung in diesem Bereich und erlaubte, wenn auch in bescheidenem Maße, eine gewisse Karrieremöglichkeit. Während der hier untersuchten 40 Jahre haben weniger als 20 Frauen in den Geowissenschaften und benachbarten Gebieten promoviert. Mehrere dieser Frauen blieben in dem von ihnen gewählten Fach weiterhin aktiv und wurden erfolgreich. Zwei Frauen gelang eine akademische Karriere — eine als Universitätsprofessorin, die auch Schülerinnen hatte. Andere arbeiteten an staatlichen Institutionen, wie z. B. dem Geologischen Landesamt. Wenige Frauen blieben nach ihrer Verheiratung beruflich aktiv, wenn auch nicht offiziell angestellt, sondern als Ehefrauen. Andere arbeiteten als "Ersatz" für die im Kriege stehenden Männer. Einige waren aus persönlichen und politischen Gründen, insbesondere während der NS-Zeit, gezwungen, die Geowissenschaften zu verlassen, konnten aber teilweise auf anderen Gebieten erfolgreich arbeiten. This paper documents the lives and careers of women geoscientists at the Berlin Friedrich-Wilhelms-University from 1906 through 1945. Traditionally, in Germany, women had difficulties to be accepted in geosciences (except for geography/geology teachers, because of strong links between geology and mining, a field dominated clearly by men. In western European countries

  8. Alexander von Humboldt und Carl Friedrich Gauß als Wegbereiter der neuen Disziplin Erdmagnetismus

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    Karin Reich

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available AbstractThough Alexander von Humboldt was motivated for the first time to deal with earthmagnetism during his stay in Freiberg, it was in France that he really became a specialist in this respect. During most of his journeys he made earthmagnetic measurements. His collaboration with Arago was of great importance, it was in Paris that the first magnetic observatory was built. Humboldt rendered outstanding services to the investigation of earth magnetism by two major achievements: 1. He emphasized intensity measurements and 2. he put forward the law that the magnetic intensity is increasing from the magnetic equator toward the magnetic poles. At least since 1803 Carl Friedrich Gauss was interested in earthmagnetism and especially in Humboldt’s early published data. That Wilhelm Weber became professor of physics at the University of Göttingen in 1831 was a turning point for Gauss. In 1833 Göttingen was the centre of investigating earthmagnetism, a new era began which lasted only until 1843. Gauss’ main contributions were more or less theoretical, in 1832/3 he transformed Humboldt’s relative intensity measurements into absolute ones which were independent of the instrument’s needle. A new epoch began with Gauss’ publication „Allgemeine Theorie des Erdmagnetismus” (1839. The main point was the newly defined notion of „potential“. Gauss was the first to present the surface of the earth with equipotential lines. ZusammenfassungAlexander von Humboldt hatte sich bereits in Freiberg mit dem Erdmagnetismus beschäftigt; jedoch erst in Frankreich lernte er die entsprechenden Beobachtungsmethoden kennen. Auf allen seinen Reisen machte er erdmagnetische Messungen. Seine Zusammenarbeit mit Arago in Paris war besonders fruchtbar, hier wurde das erste magnetische Observatorium gebaut. Humboldt beschäftigte sich vor allem mit Intensitätsmessungen; sein wichtigster Beitrag war die Feststellung, dass die magnetische Intensität vom

  9. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker: nuclear disarmament and the search for freedom].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Neuneck, Götz

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's comprehensive contributions to nuclear disarmament and arms control, as well as his peace policy impulses are to be understood primarily in the context of his family origin, his comprehensive thinking and the historical circumstances of the emerging nuclear age. They have a scientific, political and a strong philosophical-moral component. Beside the factual problems (nuclear energy, military strategy) he was interested in political power issues and their ambivalence and perception. His actual work is not only based on general academic knowledge, but also serve the immediate political influence on a scientific basis. Weizsäcker was not committed to nuclear disarmament or arms control per se, but about creating a lasting peace policy in the nuclear age. The paper discusses in chronological order of Weizsäcker's work within the policy field peace and disarmament. Family origin, study and work on the nuclear programme by Nazi-Germany laid the foundations for his later career. As a young physicist, he was directly involved in the political and ethical dilemma of the military and civilian use of nuclear energy. After the war, in Göttingen and Hamburg the reflections of the Nazi phase and the discussion of ways out of the dangers of the Cold War followed. The Max-Planck Institute in Starnberg dealt with the science-based treatment of global world problems, including the dangers of nuclear proliferation. Finally, Weizsäcker initiated a Peace Council in 1985. He urged both the perception of the moral responsibility of scientists as well as an ethics of the scientific-technological age. According to him, a general and profound change in the consciousness of humankind is needed to solve the existing power problems and the problem of war.

  10. [The Great European Georg Friedrich Nicolai: physician and pacifist. Berlin, Germany, 1874 - Santiago, Chile, 1964].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cabello C, Felipe

    2013-04-01

    Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) was a German physician and physiologist whose pacifism during the First World War led him in 1914 to cosign with W. J. Foerster, A. Einstein and O. Bueck a "Manifesto to the Europeans" against the entry of Germany into the war and the invasion of Belgium. As a result of this appeal and his strong pacifism, Nicolai lost his positions as cardiologist to the German royal family, professor at the University of Berlin and chief of laboratory at the Charite hospital also in Berlin, and was sent as a garrison physician in Graundenz, in today's Poland. There he began to write his book, The Biology of War. It managed to avoid censorship and was published in Leipzig in 1916. He was court-martialed in Danzig in 1916 but escaped to Denmark. Nicolai was reinstated to his faculty positions by the Weimar Republic after the war but was subsequently forced to emigrate from Germany to South America by the pressure of right wing student groups who accused him of being a deserter and a traitor. From 1922 to 1932 Nicolai lived in Argentina, and from 1932 until his death in 1964, in Chile. In this later country Nicolai was professor in the University of Chile and interacted with members of the Chilean intelligentsia, including the poets Vicente Huidobro, Gonzalo Rojas and Pablo Neruda. Through his friendship with Chilean psychiatrist Agustin Tellez, Nicolai influenced the development of phenomenological psychiatric school in Chile. The Chilean novelist Fernando Alegria compared him favorably with Robert J. Oppenheimer and Linus Pauling.

  11. ‘Wo soll ich hinfliehen vor diesem Mensch?’: Een luisteroefening in Ludwig Hofacker (1797−1828

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    Johan Kommers

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available De aanwezigheid van de levende God in preken kunnen wij niet terzijde stellen of verontachtzamen. Waar dit wel gebeurt, daar wordt verkondiging een voordracht, zonder de volmacht. Orthodoxie komt in ademnood wanneer exegese en dogmatiek opgaan in een aantal meningen en waarbij het getuigenis van de Bijbel op de achtergrond komt. Ludwig Hofacker (1798–18281 was een prediker die in bijbelonderzoek en prediking zijn oor te luisteren legde aan de Bron. Het Woord van God was voor hem hét homiletisch magazijn. Dat nu nog steeds, in de 21e eeuw, zijn preken gelezen worden, geeft aan dat zijn erfenis een opmerkelijke is. Hij pakte het probleem van de geestelijke dorheid op in een tijd gekenmerkt door het opkomend klimaat van het humanistisch rationalisme. Hofackers prediking geeft weer waar het werkelijk om gaat: Christus alleen. Deze preken laten ook de prediker zelf zien. Zijn stem roept op wat de Reformatie zo na aan het hart lag, en de cadenzen van het sola gratia, sola Scriptura, en het sola fide zijn in elke preek te horen. Het religieuze eigene van Hofacker sluit grote missionaire bewogenheid in. In sermons we cannot disregard the presence of the living God, otherwise preaching will become a performance, without divine authority. Orthodoxy will be gasping for breath when exegesis and dogmatic theology are wholly absorbed in a number of opinions, causing biblical testimony to recede into the background. Ludwig Hofacker (1798–1828, was a preacher who in Bible study and preaching put his ears to the Fountain. The Word of God was his sole homiletic storehouse. Today, in our 21st century, his sermons are still being read. This indicates that he left us a remarkable body of work. He tackled the problem of spiritual dearth in a time of emerging humanistic rationalism. Hofacker’s preaching reflected his core belief: Christ only. His sermons also reflect the preacher himself. His voice clearly recalls what was held so dear in the Reformation, and

  12. Ludwig Edelstein (1902-1965): a German historian of medicine in North American exile and the emergence of the modern Hippocratic Oath.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pow, Stephen; Stahnisch, Frank W

    2016-11-01

    Already emerging as an original thinker in the field of classical philology and history of medicine, German scholar Ludwig Edelstein became one of many scholars who lost his academic position when the National Socialists came to power in early 1933. This paper details his life before and after his difficult transition from Europe to North America, while reviewing the lasting significance of his translation and commentary on the Hippocratic Oath. © The Author(s) 2015.

  13. «Tiziano?», «Correggio?». Due expertises di Ludwig Baldass e Roberto Longhi nell’archivio di Antonio Morassi

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    Giulio Zavatta

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The Photo Archive Antonio Morassi (Ca' Foscari University of Venice contains a unique file with photographs and expertises on two paintings attributed to Titian and Correggio. This paper aims to investigate the role played by the two art historians Ludwig Baldass and Roberto Longhi in this "affair", which represents an evocative case study for the history of Italian art market after the Second World War, and for the critical debate over Correggio and his legacy.

  14. Carl Ludwig's (1847) and Pavel Petrovich Einbrodt's (1860) physiological research and its implications for modern cardiovascular science: translator's notes relating to the English translation of two seminal papers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schaefer, Jochen; Lohff, Brigitte; Dittmer, Janke Jörn

    2014-08-01

    Respiratory interactions with the heart have remained a challenging physiological phenomenon since their discovery more than two hundred and fifty years ago. In the course of translating the seminal publications of Carl Ludwig and his disciple Pavel Petrovich Einbrodt into English, we became aware of some under-appreciated aspects of their work that contain useful insights into the history of the phenomenon now called respiratory arrhythmia. Ludwig observed arrhythmic effects of respiratory movements in experiments on dogs and horses and published his findings in 1847. He subsequently undertook further work on this problem, together with Einbrodt. Already in 1847 Ludwig had mentioned an exciting observation on the possible role of mechanical factors of the respiratory movements on the action of the heart in a dog in whom he had artificially induced bouts of coughing. Einbrodt decided to systematically develop methods to increase or decrease the pressure of the air the animal had to breathe. He observed that this procedure led to a greater or lesser degree of compression or decompression of all the organs in the thoracic cavity without apparently causing harmful consequences during the time of its application. How the mechanical influence of breathing affects cardiac activity during respiratory arrhythmia has been the subject of scientific discussions and controversies over a period of more than 150 years and is still unresolved. Recent publications suggest that cardiac mechano-electrical coupling plays an important role in the emergence of cardio-respiratory interdependence. Copyright © 2014 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  15. Spatial Relations and the Struggle for Space: Friedrich Ratzel's Impact on German Education from the Wilhelmine Empire to the Third Reich

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paddock, Troy

    2016-01-01

    This article examines the influence of Friedrich Ratzel's idea of the struggle for space and its impact on cultural and national development depicted in German geography and history textbooks from the Wilhelmine era to the Third Reich. Ratzel's concept of bio-geography conceived the state as a living organism that is the product of humanity's…

  16. Firiedrich Hübbe mõistatus / Mart Siilivask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siilivask, Mart, 1966-

    2013-01-01

    Tartus tegutsenud Friedrich Hübbest ja Tallinnas tegutsenud Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Hübbest. Tartus tegutsenud Friedrich Hübbe sai 1873. aastal raelt heakskiidu iseseisva ehitusettevõtte rajamiseks. 1877. aastal sai ta loa rajada Emajõe ja Kroonuaia tänava nurgakrundile aurusaeveski. See mees pole seotud Tallinna ehitusäriga. Tallinnas tegutses teine Mecklenburgist pärit ehitusmeister - Friedrich Ludwig Theodor Hübbe, kes asutas 1907. aastal Toompuiestee 10 oma ehitusettevõtte

  17. Lina, uma criança exemplar! Friedrich Froebel e a pedagogia dos jardins-de-infância

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    Alessandra Arce

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available This work analyses an important text written by Friedrich Froebel (1782- 1852, creator of the Kindergartens. The text, entitled "On how Lina learnt to read and write: a story for children who like to be busy", explains, in story form, the most important educational principles of Froebel. The aim of this paper is to present the ideas of the author with regard to how one ought to think and practice education for early childhood, taking the story as the starting point. The ideas of one of the pioneers of education for early childhood (children of less than six years of age are re-discussed since it is considered that his educational theory presents the seeds for current discussions in favour of constructing a Pedagogy for Child Education.

  18. CERN Library | Edoardo Amaldi presents "The adventurous life of Friedrich Georg Houtermans, physicist (1903-1966)" | 11 November

    CERN Multimedia

    2014-01-01

    The physicist Friedrich Houtermans (1903-1966) was an important promoter and proponent of the development of physics in Berne. He introduced a number of activities in the field of elementary particles, with a special focus on the physics of cosmic rays, and made important contributions in applied physics.   This biography of Houtermans was written by Edoardo Amaldi and was almost finished just before his unexpected death in 1989. The editors have only corrected typographical errors and introduced minimal text changes in order to preserve the original content. Additionally they have collected and included previously unpublished pictures and memories from Houtermans’ students and collaborators.  The text is the result of a thorough and intensive study of Houtermans’ life and character carried out by Edoardo Amaldi. It is more than a biography, since the figure of Houtermans is set in a historical period in Europe between the two world wars. This book will be of great i...

  19. [A failed experiment - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker, Jürgen Habermas and the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leendertz, Ariane

    2014-01-01

    From 1970 to 1980 Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker headed the Max-Planck-lnstitut zur Erforschung der Lebensbedingungen der wissenschaftlich-technischen Welt (MPI for the study of the living conditions of the world of science and technology) in Starnberg, jointly with Jürgen Habermas since 1971. From the start, the Max Planck Society regarded the new institute as an experiment that might perhaps be aborted a few years later. This is exactly what happened. With the retirement of Weizsäcker, his section was closed and the whole institute was renamed. In 1981. Habermas resigned, and then the institute was closed. This paper focusses on some of the problem constellations within the institute that partly explain its development and eventual closure: its birth out of the idea of scientific policy advice, the debates within the Max Planck Society and the complex relationship between Weizsäcker and Jürgen Habermas.

  20. O jogo e o desenvolvimento infantil na teoria da atividade e no pensamento educacional de Friedrich Froebel

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    Alessandra Arce

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo teórico comparativo da pedagogia desenvolvida por Friedrich Froebel e da teoria da atividade (Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigotski no que diz respeito ao jogo e ao desenvolvimento infantil. Ainda que essas duas abordagens considerem o jogo uma atividade muito importante no desenvolvimento da criança, elas diferem em sua visão do que seja o significado do jogo no contexto do processo de formação do indivíduo. Essa divergência é uma conseqüência de suas opostas concepções acerca da relação entre a natureza humana e a história.

  1. O jogo e o desenvolvimento infantil na teoria da atividade e no pensamento educacional de Friedrich Froebel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arce Alessandra

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo apresenta um estudo teórico comparativo da pedagogia desenvolvida por Friedrich Froebel e da teoria da atividade (Leontiev, Elkonin e Vigotski no que diz respeito ao jogo e ao desenvolvimento infantil. Ainda que essas duas abordagens considerem o jogo uma atividade muito importante no desenvolvimento da criança, elas diferem em sua visão do que seja o significado do jogo no contexto do processo de formação do indivíduo. Essa divergência é uma conseqüência de suas opostas concepções acerca da relação entre a natureza humana e a história.

  2. 4. One Sea, One Humanity. Modeling the Man-Sea Relationship in Friedrich Ratzel’s Anthropogeographical Project

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    Carlotta Santini

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The prevailing concept of geography, understood as the study and description of the Earth, can be viewed as a form of removal: less than two-thirds of the globe, that is, the seas or the liquid elements of the Earth, are removed or at the very least are not explicitly designated. This article will focus on issues concerning the classification, systematization, and conceptualization of geographic knowledge that took place in nineteenth-century Germany. I will try to demonstrate how this alleged “removal” operates in modern geography and how it links with a contrasting movement that aims to reintegrate the liquid element of the Earth into the field of geography, on the basis of the man/world relation. I will focus in particular on Friedrich Ratzel’s (1844-1904 pioneering studies in anthropogeography and political geography.

  3. [Encounters and re-encounters - philosophy and religion of the physicist Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meyer-Abich, Michael

    2014-01-01

    (1) Quantum theory deals not just with reality but with the physical (scientific) reality of its objects. Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker understood this to imply that scientific knowledge of objects converges with philosophical knowledge of their objectivity but did not succeed in rounding off physics. (2) We are actors as well as spectators not only in scientific knowledge but in political processes as well, particularly by means of science. It is, therefore, not justified to deny political responsibility even in 'basic research'. Carl Friedrich von Weizsacker identified classical physics as the venture of knowledge without love but believed that this boundary could be transcended. The apparent neutrality of science must not be tolerated by the churches, however. (3) In religion Weizsäcker felt most at home in Buddhist spirituality, this being akin to Christian spirituality which has been more or less lost by the Christian churches. Yet he tried to support his church and to participate in its actions. (4) Lack of love corresponds to an excess of power in the religious critique of science. In both respects Weizsäcker presented the mirror to industrial society but people in general did not recognize their image. The Max-Planck-Society, however, shut up Weizsäcker's "Institute for the study of the conditions of life in the modern world" (Starnberg 1970-1980) as soon as possible. (5) Weizsäcker always refrained from exerting any power except that of reason or truth. According to Lao Tse this is the power least perceived as such. In politics he generally followed the mainstream after once having been tempted to action in 1941/42. His influence on German society was based on his charismatic spirituality.

  4. Animal Magnetism, Psychiatry and Subjective Experience in Nineteenth-Century Germany: Friedrich Krauß and his Nothschrei.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brückner, Burkhart

    2016-01-01

    Friedrich Krauß (1791-1868) is the author of Nothschrei eines Magnetisch-Vergifteten [Cry of Distress by a Victim of Magnetic Poisoning] (1852), which has been considered one of the most comprehensive self-narratives of madness published in the German language. In this 1018-page work Krauß documents his acute fears of 'mesmerist' influence and persecution, his detainment in an Antwerp asylum and his encounter with various illustrious physicians across Europe. Though in many ways comparable to other prominent nineteenth-century first-person accounts (eg. John Thomas Perceval's 1838 Narrative of the Treatment Experienced by a Gentleman or Daniel Paul Schreber's 1903 Memoirs of my Nervous Illness), Krauß's story has received comparatively little scholarly attention. This is especially the case in the English-speaking world. In this article I reconstruct Krauß's biography by emphasising his relationship with physicians and his under-explored stay at the asylum. I then investigate the ways in which Krauß appropriated nascent theories about 'animal magnetism' to cope with his disturbing experiences. Finally, I address Krauß's recently discovered calligraphic oeuvre, which bears traces of his typical fears all the while showcasing his artistic skills. By moving away from the predominantly clinical perspective that has characterised earlier studies, this article reveals how Friedrich Krauß sought to make sense of his experience by selectively appropriating both orthodox and non-orthodox forms of medical knowledge. In so doing, it highlights the mutual interaction of discourses 'from above' and 'from below' as well as the influence of broader cultural forces on conceptions of self and illness during that seminal period.

  5. 31st Annual Conference of the Gesellschaft für Klassifikation e.V., Albert-Ludwigs-Universität Freiburg

    CERN Document Server

    Burkhardt, Hans; Schmidt-Thieme, Lars; Decker, Reinhold

    2008-01-01

    Data analysis and machine learning are research areas at the intersection of computer science, artificial intelligence, mathematics and statistics. They cover general methods and techniques that can be applied to a vast set of applications such as web and text mining, marketing, medical science, bioinformatics and business intelligence. This volume contains the revised versions of selected papers in the field of data analysis, machine learning and applications presented during the 31st Annual Conference of the German Classification Society (Gesellschaft für Klassifikation - GfKl). The conference was held at the Albert-Ludwigs-University in Freiburg, Germany, in March 2007.

  6. Täter- und Opfergeschichten. Schuld in Alois Hotschnigs Prosawerken «Aus», «Leonardos Hände» und «Ludwigs Zimmer»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Friederike Gösweiner

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available The assumption this article is based on is that guilt is perhaps the most important theme in Alois Hotschnig’s writing. This article therefore aims at analyzing Hotschnig’s focus on the theme of guilt in his novels. Three examples of Hotschnig’s prose work serve as case studies: his debut Aus, and the two novels Leonardos Hände, and Ludwigs Zimmer. Since guilt seems to be a very important topic in the Austrian literary tradition, this article also tries to establish whether and how Hotschnig takes up this grand Austrian tradition of writing about guilt.

  7. 4 August 2011 - Austrian Head of Protocol, Directorate General III, Federal Ministry of Science and Research I. Friedrich (3rd from left) in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with M. Benedkit, C. Wulz and C. Fabjan.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2011-01-01

    4 August 2011 - Austrian Head of Protocol, Directorate General III, Federal Ministry of Science and Research I. Friedrich (3rd from left) in the LHC superconducting magnet test hall with M. Benedkit, C. Wulz and C. Fabjan.

  8. KARL FRIEDRICH ZOELLNER and the historical dimension of astronomical photometry A collection of papers on the History of Photometry

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sterken, C.; Staubermann, K. B.

    This book results from presentations and discussions of a group of astronomers and historians during a one-day workshop held at Archenhold Observatory, Berlin-Treptow, on April 4, 1997. This meeting was the first forum in a series dedicated to historical aspects of observational astrophysics in the nineteenth and early twentieth century. The basic principle of these meetings is to reflect during one or more days on the work and personality of a single individual or of a group of persons, at the same time avoiding the really dominant figures that typify the age. By focusing on key people who epitomize a way of thinking and working that has formed many of the ideas by which we do astrophysical research today, we also attempt to evoke the scientific spirit of the era under consideration. In 1858, the German physicist Karl Friedrich Zoellner introduced a new type of astronomical photometer which became a bestseller in the second half of the nineteenth century and which led him to the first German professorship in astrophysics. His type of photometer allowed most accurate photometric measurements and was used at several observatories for almost half a century. This book outlines four major themes. The first part describes the observing instruments that were used by Zoellner and his contemporaries: photometers and spectrographs that complemented his original design, but also competed with his most versatile prototype photometer. The description also includes an account of technical aspects associated with the replication of such a photometer today. The second part analyses the astrophysical data that were obtained with Zoellner's tools, and extracts information hidden in the published data --- scientific information as well as diverse aspects related to the observer himself. These nineteenth-century data are now published for the first time on a modern magnitude scale and are directly accessible in tabular form, and are thus fully applicable to archeophotometric studies

  9. Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl (1782-1849), Braunschweigi Collegium Carolinumi professor ja Braunschweigi Lauluakadeemia esimene direktor / Andreas Waczkat ; tõlkinud Anu Sõõro

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Waczkat, Andreas, 1964-

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich Konrad Griepenkerl töötas 1821. aastast alates Collegium Carolinumis filosoofia ja esteetika professorina. Ta oli esimene professor, kelle professionaalne karjäär hõlmas muusikat. Ehkki Griepenkerl ei olnud akadeemiline muusikaõpetaja, oli tema muusikaline tegevus Braunschweigis professorikohaga tihedalt seotud, kuna ta jõudis avalike loengute kaudu laia kunsti- ja muusikahuvilise publikuni. Peale selle asutas ta lauluringi, millest sai hiljem Braunschweigi lauluakadeemia.

  10. Impulso formal e impulso sensible, algunas consideraciones sobre la educación estética desde Friedrich Schiller

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    Jorge Gregorio Posada Ramírez

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Este texto es un artículo de reflexión. Argumenta que la educación estética es un promisorio camino para promover uno de los más importantes objetivos de la educación: la formación integral. A partir de las Cartas sobre la educación estética del hombre, del filósofo y poeta Friedrich Schiller, se muestra que dos son los rasgos que pueden definir la vocación intelectual del hombre: el impulso formal y el impulso sensible. El primero, recoge la necesidad humana de racionalidad, esto es, la vocación a encontrar y construir abstracciones y regularidades del mundo, de fundirse en lo universal; el segundo, la inclinación de las personas a buscar emociones que aviven su sensibilidad y pasiones, de mantenerse como seres singulares. Descrito el impulso formal y el impulso sensible como las dos cualidades que holísticamente configuran las potencialidades intelectuales humanas, se muestra que la apreciación de lo bello, en términos de Schiller: la Forma viva, en tanto cultiva equilibradamente ambos ímpetus humanos, fomenta la educación integral en las personas.

  11. Friedrich Creuzer (1771-1858 à l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres

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    Sotera Fornaro

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available La contribution donnera une vue d’ensemble des relations personnelles et culturelles qui ont déterminé la réception dans la culture française de l’œuvre Symbolik und Mythologie de Friedrich Creuzer (1771-1858. L’élection de Creuzer comme membre de l’Académie des Inscriptions et Belles-Lettres en 1825 y constituera l’épisode central qui s’inscrit dans un cadre plus large du « transfert culturel » franco-allemand.Pour sa réception en France, Sylvestre de Sacy, président de la Société Asiatique, jouait un rôle décisif. C’est surtout grâce à son initiative que Creuzer fut élu membre de l’Académie des Inscriptions où il devenait, en 1826, le successeur du fameux Friedrich August Wolf et fut accueilli au même moment que Wilhelm von Humboldt, une coïncidence qui porta à Creuzer une estime incontestable qu’en Allemagne, il lui manquait. La querelle de méthode que sa Symbolique avait provoquée en Allemagne y conduisit à une marginalisation dans la philologie classique officielle. De plus, il fut accusé de « cryptocatholicisme », de « trahison » de la foi protestante et, d’une façon implicite, d’adhésion à la maçonnerie. En France, jusqu’à sa réception à l’Académie, Creuzer n’était pas connu pour sa Symbolique, mais plutôt pour ses travaux sur l’historiographie antique et ses éditions de Cicéron. Pendant son séjour à l’Académie des Inscriptions à Paris en 1827, il s’efforçait, d’après ses propres notes autobiographiques, d’éviter des débats sur la mythologie ou la religion et de se présenter comme chercheur strictement historique. À Paris, il approfondit ses recherches orientales en entrant en contact avec Félix Lajard, Eugène Burnouf et Edgar Quinet. Creuzer y rencontra aussi son traducteur Jean Daniel Guigniaut qui allait travailler plus de 25 ans à la traduction et récriture de la Symbolique. La révision de Guigniaut eut une influence énorme dans la

  12. “Nothingness or a God”: Nihilism, Enlightenment, and “Natural Reason” in Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi’s Works

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    STEFAN-SEBASTIAN MAFTEI

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Our paper analyzes one of the most important philosophical problems of the philosophies of the Enlightenment: the problem of the emergence and the justification of the autonomy of reason. Our study will reflect on the critique of the autonomous reason, a critique brought by the Enlightenment thinkers themselves. Kant is one example of criticizing, and moreover securing the status of reason in the Enlightenment. Friedrich Heinrich Jacobi, however, was not only an adversary of transcendental philosophy, but also a radical critic of the concept of ‘reason.’ In Jacobi’s works, reason faced a powerful critique of its own mechanisms of justification. Jacobi’s main thesis is that reason is threatened by the prospect of nihilism lurking from inside its main body of axioms. His critique against nihilism from the point of view of a believer is nothing new to the history of ideas, but here the direction of the critique changes against the vein of the Modern Age’s mainstream views with respect to the relation between reason and faith: reason’s own standards of truth are deemed as incapable of securing a safe place for reason against the prospect of an overwhelming nihilism. Thus, Jacobi emphasizes again and again that reason or cognition must find its standard of truth outside itself, or else it must face the scene of nothingness.

  13. On the Hierarchy of Saints on Altars. Visitation Records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana (1641–1664

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    Lavrič, Ana

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The visitation records of Otto Friedrich Buchheim, the Bishop of Ljubljana from 1641–1664, offer an insight into the rules governing the disposition of saintly figures in altar retables. The central place was accorded to the titular saint, while companion saints are positioned in pairs (separately for each level of the retable in such a way that those of higher rank are placed on the more distinguished gospel side, whereas those of lower rank stand on the subordinate epistle side. The priority of one saint over another was not a matter of a random choice, but of a fixed hierarchical order which was created over the course of centuries in the Litany of All Saints and also in the hymns of the officium for All Saints Day; this hierarchy, as Buchheim remarks, is "in agreement with the general feeling of the Catholic Church". Ecclesiastical art in Slovenia shows that in the Gothic period the hierarchical principle governing the disposition of saintly figures was not yet firmly fixed, but it was fully established in the late Renaissance and Baroque periods, which coincides with the period of unification of the Litany of All Saints for the entire Catholic Church. Later it started to loosen again, yet it remained in force up to the 20th century.

  14. [A utopian episode - Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker in the networks of the Max-Planck Society].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kant, Horst; Renn, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker was a key figure in the history of the Max Planck Society (MPS). This essay contextualises his work with the development of the MPS, highlighting the institutional and personal networks upon which it was based. Some of the stations addressed in the following are his role in the German Uranium Project, in preparing the Mainau Declaration, the Göttingen Manifesto, and the Memorandum of Tübingen as well as his involvement in the foundation of the Max Planck Institute (MPI) for Human Development and his own MPI for the Research of Living Conditions in the Modern World located in Starnberg. The relationship between Weizsäcker and Hellmut Becker, long-time friend and founding director of the MPI for Human Development, will be of particular interest. Another issue broached here is the connection between natural science and the humanities in Weizsäcker's work, and subsequently the relation between these two science cultures in the MPS. Finally, we look at the challenges Weizsäcker's work could present to the MPS today.

  15. The Friedrich-Lively Instrument to Assess the Impact of Schizophrenia on Siblings (FLIISS): Part I--instrument construction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friedrich, Rose Marie; Lively, Sonja; Rubenstein, Linda; Buckwalter, Kathleen

    2002-01-01

    Siblings of persons with schizophrenia may provide primary or secondary care for their sibling and support to parents who are primary care givers. These siblings experience stress and the accompanying sequelae of decreased quality of life, grief, chronic illness, and symptoms of depression and anxiety. Comprehensive measures of sibling stress have not been published. Before interventions to help siblings can be created, health professionals need such an assessment. The Friedrich-Lively Instrument to Assess the Impact of Schizophrenia on Siblings (FLIISS) has been developed to meet the needs of both health workers and siblings. The instrument has a strong conceptual basis adapted from Pearlin's model of stress in caregiving and was preceded by pilot work that evaluated both quantitative and qualitative data. In this article, (Part I), the development of the instrument and its relationships to the conceptual model are described. Health professionals can use the instrument for collecting information that will increase their ability to identify sources of stress faced by siblings of persons with schizophrenia, and from this assessment they may develop interventions for this underserved population.

  16. Boris Pasternak and Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock (about Pasternak’s Poem The Starry River of a Week Ago

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    Roberta Salvatore

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this paper is to demonstrate that Boris Pasternak’s poem The Starry River of a Week Ago (1917 is a description of the creation process and a reflection on the nature of this process. To support this view, attention will be drawn to some significant sets of images and themes in this text that are found also in a group of five poems by Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, in which ice-skating functions as a metaphor of creation. These poems will give rise to a specific tradition within German poetry where ice-skating is symbolic of both the rapture and the risk of inspiration. In the last part of the paper it will be shown that, although there is no evidence of Pasternak’s acquaintance with Klopstock’s poetry, his thorough knowledge of German language and literature leaves little doubt about this acquaintance. Moreover, it is possible to find a number of affinities in the way of thinking of these two writers.

  17. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "general systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - Part II: Contexts and developments of the systemological hermeneutics instigated by von Bertalanffy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pouvreau, David

    2014-02-01

    The history of "general system theory" is investigated in order to clarify its meanings, vocations, foundations and achievements. It is characterized as the project of a science of the systemic interpretation of the "real", renamed here "general systemology". The contexts and modes of its elaboration, publication and implementation are discussed. The paper mostly focuses on the works of its instigator: Ludwig von Bertalanffy. However, general systemology was a collective project: the main contributions of other "systemologists", from the 1950s until the 1970s, are hence also considered. Its solidarity with the history of the Society for General Systems Research is notably discussed. A reconstruction of the systemological hermeneutics is undertaken on this basis. It finds out the potential systematic unity underlying the diversity of the contributions to this both scientific and philosophical project. Light is thus shed on the actual scope of von Bertalanffy's works.

  18. Johannes Ludwig Janson, professor of veterinary medicine in Tokyo in 1880-1902 - contribution to German-Japanese medical relations, part IV.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kast, Alexander

    2010-01-01

    Among the German pioneers of Western medicine in Japan (8, 12) during the Meiji period (1868-1912), veterinary officer Johannes Ludwig Janson (1849-1914) was one of the most important figures. He arrived in Tokyo in October 1880 and taught at the Veterinary School in Komaba. During his tenure, the school in Komaba was integrated into the School of Agriculture of the Imperial University of Tokyo. Numerous of his graduates occupied high public offices. Among his publications, those about domestic animals and veterinary medicine in Japan deserve special attention. He married a Japanese girl and continued teaching in Komaba until 1902. He found his last resting place in Kagoshima, the native place of his wife. To this day, the Japanese consider Janson the founder of modern veterinary medicine in their country.

  19. [Natural science vs. natural philosophy: Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs and the emergence of modern western medicine in the 19th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hansen, Werner

    2016-12-01

    The beginnings of modern western medicine reach to about 1800 when under the liberating influence of French Revolution observation of diseases was started to follow more scientifically justified criteria. At that time speculative doctrines prevailed, e. g. those set up natural philosopher Schelling. In this context Internist Friedrich Theodor von Frerichs at Berlin Charité University Hospital gained great merits because of his struggle for a scientifically-based experimental clinical medicine. This is demonstrated nicely in a recently found autograph document. © Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  20. Visão de Vidal de La Blache a respeito de Friedrich Ratzel / Vidal de La Blache’s view of Frederic Ratzel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rui Ribeiro de Campos

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available For a long time, Vidal de la Blache was considered an opponent of Friedrich Ratzel’s ideas, especially in Brazil. Analysis of several Vidal’s texts has shown that it did not exist and that Ratzel had a important influence in some of the French geographer conceptions. This is the fact that the article aims to detach, besides exposing the reasons of putting this “rivalry” and analyzing Vidal’s writings to demonstrate this last one’s respect for the Prussian geographer conceptions.

  1. [The German physician and pacifist Georg Friedrich Nicolai (1874-1964) as a pupil of the Russian physiologist Ivan Petrovic Pavlov (1849-1936)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kästner, Ingrid

    2005-01-01

    In 1906, Dr. med. Georg Friedrich Nicolai, a young specialist in the field of electrocardiography from the university of Berlin, spent some months in the laboratory of Pavlov, where he was one of the first German visitors. Two letters written by Nicolai to Pavlov are a mirror of Nicolai's admiration for the brilliant Russian Nobel prize winner, but also of Nicolai's remarkable insight into the perspectives of Pavlov's physiological method for "objective" psychological investigations. Nicolai regarded himself a pupil of Pavlov until his death in South America, where he was forced to emigrate after World War I due to his pacifist activities.

  2. To 130-th birthday anniversary of Friedrich Tsander (1887-1933): Ten new Russian books in Astrodynamics as the honorable contribution to his memory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polyakhova, E. N.; Ovchinnikov, M. Yu.; Tikhonov, A. A.

    2018-05-01

    Short bibliographic review of several books on Astrodynamics written in Russian is outlined in frame of the scientific legacy of Friedrich Tsander (1887-1933). He was the outstanding soviet engineer, inventor and scientist who lived in Moscow in 1920s. Our review concerns only ten books edited and published in 2000-2017. We consider these books as the necessary honorable contribution to Tsander's memory to the 130-th Anniversary of his birthday. We outline several sections as follows: New translations to Russian, Textbooks and Educational Issues, Scientific Monograph on Astrodynamics, Electrodynamics and Magnetism in Space, Solar Sailing Dynamics.

  3. Friedrich Nietzsche (1844-1900): a classical case of mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes (MELAS) syndrome?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koszka, Christiane

    2009-08-01

    Friedrich Nietzsche was one of the most influential and profound German philosophers. After prolonged illness, he died at the age of 55 in Weimar, Germany. The interest in his medical biography has always been strong while the cause of his illness and death has remained a mystery, intriguing philosophers as well as physicians. The diagnosis of syphilis proposed in the 19th century has been controversial until today and many other diagnoses have been discussed. This paper suggests that Nietzsche suffered from mitochondrial encephalomyopathy with lactic acidosis and stroke-like episodes syndrome.

  4. Héroe trágico, nociones de catarsis y de destino en tres textos teóricos de Friedrich Hölderlin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Eduardo Alvarado Archila

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available En el siguiente artículo analizaré en primer lugar cómo Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843 se distancia de la Poética de Aristóteles al proponer la figura del héroe trágico como fundamento de la tragedia en Grund zum Empedokles [Fundamento para el Empédocles], Annmerkungen zum Oedipus [Comentarios sobre Edipo] y Anmerkungen zum Antigonae [Comentarios sobre Antígona]. En segundo lugar, examinaré la noción de “catarsis” que concibe este poeta alemán en dichos tratados. Finalmente, estudiaré la noción de destino que se formula en los Comentarios en relación con las posibilidades de realización de la tragedia en la época moderna. This article analyzes first how Friedrich Hölderlin (1770-1843 distances himself from Aristotle’s Poetics by positing the figure of tragic hero as the foundation of tragedy in the Grund zum Empedokles [Basis of Empedocles], Annmerkungen zum Oedipus [Remarks on Oedipus], and Anmerkungen zum Antigonae [Remarks on Antigone]. Secondly, the article explores the concept of "catharsis" that the German poet puts forward in these essays. Finally, it discusses the concept of fate in the Remarks, in relation with the possibilities of tragedy in modern times.

  5. Carl Friedrich Gauss -60 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    was born into the family of Gebhard Dietrich Gauss, a bricklayer at the German town of ... Duke Carl Wilhelm Ferdinand of Brunswick to demonstrate .... the asteroid Ceres. For about ... impossibility of making constant scale maps of the Earth.

  6. Friedrich Puksoo auhind

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1997-01-01

    Kaljo-Olev Veskimäele rmt. "Nõukogude unelaadne elu : tsensuur Eesti NSV-s ja tema peremahed" eest, ära märgiti Arvo Teringi töö "Descartes ja tema ideede jõudmine Baltimaile 17. saj. ja 18. saj. algul"

  7. Carl Friedrich Gauss -60 ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    job. Despite his fame, his financial position still depended on the stipend from the Duke of Brunswick. To make matters ... conquering the world had brought him up to Brunswick. It appeared ... In 1809 after a third delivery his wife passed away ...

  8. [The advantage of a modern operational approach to the diagnosis of mental disorders. The case of the Bavarian King Ludwig II--an example from biographical research].

    Science.gov (United States)

    von Zerssen, D

    2013-05-01

    Worldwide discrepancies in the classification, terminology and diagnosis of mental disorders have induced efforts for unification after World War II. This led to the introduction of an operational diagnostic approach according to strict criteria, at the same time taking into account the comorbidity of disorders. However, this approach is still not routinely used. The consequences of this deficiency are demonstrated here by an example from biographical research referring to the Bavarian King Ludwig II. The study is based on an extensive search of the relevant literature. Although the pathography of this Bavarian king is well documented, the diagnoses published between 1910 and 2010 by altogether 21 specialists, are distributed rather chaotically over 24 diagnostic categories of the ICD-10. Merely in the (probably wrong) diagnosis of a schizophrenic psychosis is there agreement among half of the authors. This is concordant with the expert diagnosis of paranoia by von Gudden and his colleagues (1886) when considering the then contemporary concept of the disorder. According to modern diagnostic principles almost half of the 24 diagnoses can be confirmed. The others have to be regarded as false diagnoses. The conclusion is that modern principles of the diagnosis of mental disorders should be applied according to internationally accepted diagnostic manuals. This approach should be used in, but is not exclusive to, biographical research. Precondition is, of course, the exact knowledge and careful application of these principles.

  9. [Requirements for final year medical studies in the era of generation Y - implementation for general and visceral surgery at the Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Albertsmeier, M; Pratschke, S; Raes, P; Werner, J; Angele, M K

    2014-12-01

    The revision of the medical licensing regulations in 2012 has changed the underlying conditions for the practical year (PY), especially in the sense of markedly more flexibility for the medical students. The driving force for these and future changes, however, is not the legislature but rather the students themselves who are explicitly demanding that their training be adapted to their requirements and wishes. Time for the realisation of personal aims, planning of leisure time activities, for the family and social contacts as well as an altogether balanced work-life balance have replaced the wish for professional advancement as premise for the lifestyle of generation Y. Many hospitals, especially the privately-supported, attract students with special offers - university hospitals are called upon to defend their position in the competition for newly qualified students. The present article describes the changes of 2012 as part of a programme for a sustainable increase in the attractivity of the surgical PY at the Ludwig-Maximilian University (LMU) in Munich. Georg Thieme Verlag KG Stuttgart · New York.

  10. [From anamnesis to the art of interpretation, or: What is a "genuine" psychoanalyst? Wolfgang Warda, Ludwig Binswanger, Wilhelm Strohmayer and the origins of psychoanalysis in Thuringia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    May, Ulrike

    2016-01-01

    Warda and Strohmayer from Thuringia were among the first German physicians who developed an interest in Freuds theory and therapeutic method around 1900. Their contributions reflect the influence of Otto Binswanger, professor of psychiatry in Jena, a representative of the "psychological direction" in psychiatry which in the beginning was relatively receptive to Freud. The paper discusses their rapprochement to, and detachment from, the Freudian school, including also the work of a third young physician: Ludwig Binswanger, Otto's nephew, who was active in Jena at the same time. It points to certain factors contributing to the increasing rejection Freud met in academic circles which have been underrated to date: (1) the transformation of psychoanalysis into an art of interpretation; (2) the introduction of transference. Both factors which were elaborated by Freud as essentials of his theoretical and practical approach around 1900 and published in 1904/05, undermined the claim of academic medicine to objectivity. The paper describes how psychoanalysis officially abandoned the scientific standards of contemporary medicine at the Weimar congress in 1911, at the same time as Warda and Strohmayer left the Freudian group.

  11. Post vom weißen Tyrannen: Erste kommunikations- und mediengeschichtliche Monographie zu Friedrich Melchior Grimms ‚Correspondance littéraire‘ – Kirill Abrosimovs ‚Aufklärung jenseits der Öffentlichkeit‘

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jonas Hock

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Kirill Abrosimov, Aufklärung jenseits der Öffentlichkeit: Friedrich Melchior Grimms ‚Correspondance littéraire‘ (1753–1773 zwischen der „république des lettres“ und europäischen Fürstenhöfen (Ostfildern: Thorbecke, 2014.

  12. [St. Petersburg und Livland - und die Entwicklung der estnischen Literatur : Anton Schiefner (1817-1879) und Friedrich R. Kreutzwald (1803-1882) im Briefwechsel (1853-1879)] / Felix Köther

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Köther, Felix

    2015-01-01

    Arvustus: St. Petersburg und Livland - und die Entwicklung der estnischen Literatur : Anton Schiefner (1817-1879) und Friedrich R. Kreutzwald (1803-1882) im Briefwechsel (1853-1879) / bearbeitet von Hartmut Walravens. Wiesbaden : Harrassowitz, 2013. (Orientalistik-Bibliographien und Dokumentationen ; Bd. 22)

  13. Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker - a physicist and philosopher in the shade of the nuclear bomb. A conversation on nuclear weapons and the responsibility of nuclear scientists

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schaaf, M.

    1996-06-01

    The 50th anniversary of the first nuclear explosion (16th July 1945) prompted the editor of this collection to look again at the part played by German physicists in the nuclear weapons issue. Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker, one of the last surviving witnesses of this period, kindly agreed to give a comprehensive interview on the German nuclear programme and the responsibility of physicists. The interview is published here for the first time and forms the central part of this brochure. It is complemented by two statements by Edward Teller and two historical letters. The author, in preparing this compilation, had in mind to contribute towards science-historical discussion and to give younger colleagues a graphic idea of the conflict surrounding nuclear research. (orig.) [de

  14. ["The hard core". Science between politics and philosophy by Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker and in the finalization theory].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Krohn, Wolfgang

    2014-01-01

    In the Starnberg Max-Planck Institute one of the working groups was concerned with science as the formative condition--or "hard core"--of societal modernity, and with science as potential resource for solving social problems and addressing future goals. More precisely, the group intended to differentiate between phases in which scientific disciplines predominantly care for their own paradigmatic completion and those allowing their theoretical potential resonate with external needs. The conceptual model was coined "finalization in science". It soon provoked a heated controversy on the dangers of social control of science. The paper analyses Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's views on the relation between philosophy and policy of science including his interpretation of Thomas Kuhn and reconstructs the impact of his ideas on the finalization model. It finally reflects on the relationship between science development and change of consciousness in the context of scientific responsibility for (the use of) research outcomes.

  15. A teoria da interpretação jurídica de Hans Kelsen: uma crítica a partir da obra de Friedrich Müller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nestor Castilho Gomes

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available O artigo analisa a teoria da interpretaçãojurídica de Hans Kelsen, apresentada na TeoriaPura do Direito, a partir da posição teóricade Friedrich Müller, isto é, a partir das críticasformuladas pela Teoria Estruturante do Direito.Demonstrar-se-á como a distinção entre ser edever-ser, traço fundamental do projetoepistemológico kelseniano, influenciou a teoriada interpretação por ele proposta. Outrossim, opresente trabalho expõe em detalhes a teoria dainterpretação jurídica de Kelsen para, posteriormente,efetuar um inventário das críticas que lhesão formuladas, tendo como fio condutor a obrade Friedrich Müller, sem prejuízo da abordagemde outros autores.Abstract: The article examines the theory of legalinterpretation as presented by Hans Kelsen onhis “Pure Theory of Law”, under the criticalapproach of Friedrich Müller, on his “StructuringTheory of Law” [Strukturiende Rechstslehre].The article shall demonstrate how Kelsen’sdistinction between sein [being] and sollen [shouldbe] – as a fundamental feature of hisepistemological project – influenced the theoryof interpretation he proposed. Also, this workpresents in detail the theory of legal interpretationof Kelsen to thereafter make an inventory of criticsformulated about it, under the guideline from worksof Friedrich Müller, besides the approach of otherauthors.

  16. Ludwig, un roi sur la lune : l’histoire d’un roi fou jouée par des comédien.ne.s en situation de handicap mental

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie Astier

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Ludwig, un roi sur la lune, spectacle mis en scène par Madeleine Louarn avec les comédien.ne.s professionnels en situation de handicap mental de l’Atelier Catalyse et présenté lors de la dernière édition du Festival d’Avignon n’est pas une reconstitution historique de la vie de Louis II de Bavière, roi du XIXe siècle diagnostiqué paranoïaque et destitué pour être interné, mais une tentative de transcrire théâtralement la perception du monde d’un homme amoureux de l’Art, de la nature et des hommes, mais qui devait être Roi. Ce n’est ni un personnage ni des comédien.ne.s « handicapé.e.s » que nous sommes invités à voir, mais les visions de Ludwig incarnées par des comédien.ne.s qui se trouvent être en situation de handicap mental. Dans ce spectacle, la « folie » devenue plus tard « handicap mental » apparaît sous les traits de la non-conformité bien plus que sous ceux de la pathologie.

  17. Ludwig Boltzmann, mechanics and vitalism

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1990-01-01

    During most of his life Boltzmann considered classical mechanics, based on the ideas of material points and central forces, as the fundament of physics. On this basis he became one of the founders of Statistical Mechanics, through which thermodynamics was interpreted on an atomistic basis. In this work, Boltzmann was opposed by his colleague, Ernst Mach. Boltzmann also devoted much work to attempts to interpret Maxwell's theory of the electromagnetic field, of which he was a main protagonist in Central Europe, through mechanics. However, as a supporter of mechanics Boltzmann was by no means dogmatic. While he was adamant in his rejection of Wilhelm Ostwald's energism, he was openminded in respect to the relationship of mechanics, electromagnetism and atomistics. Personally, Boltzmann wanted to conserve and transmit the enormous achievements of mechanics, especially in connection with the mechanical theory of heat, so that these results should not be lost to future generations, but he encouraged attempts to proceed in new directions. While within the framework of statistical mechanics the atoms were treated like the material points of classical mechanics, Boltzmann resisted the initial, unwarranted, ideas about the structure and the properties of the atoms. When later valid ideas were evolved, Boltzmann warmly welcomed this progress, without however personally taking part in the new developments. In his later years, Boltzmann took an intense interest in biology. He supported Darwin's theories, and he contributed to them. He may be called an 'absolute Darwinist'. In his search for a natural explanation of the phenomena of life, he used the term 'mechanical', without meaning to limit them to the realm of classical mechanics. This terminological laxity is considered as unfortunate. Extending his application of Darwinian principles to advanced species, including man, Boltzmann put forward 'mechanical' explanations of thought, of morality, of the sense of beauty, and of happiness or unhappiness. 'The god, by whose grace the kings rule, is the fundamental law of mechanics' he said. It is argued now that this impressive but misleading terminology does not justify consideration of Boltzmann as a mechanical materialist. In present terms, Boltzmann was a reductionist rather than a vitalist. He also was one of the founders of evolutionary epistemology. (author)

  18. [Living without atomic power? Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker as expert in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970's].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Seefried, Elke

    2014-01-01

    Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker crossed the boundaries separating science, politics and the public sphere. In this he was led by the conviction that scientists in the modern 'technical age' are responsible for consequences resulting from their applied knowledge. Weizsäcker tried to introduce his knowledge into the policy process by advising politicians or by using the public sphere, thus applying pressure on politics. This was not only true for the 'Göttinger Erklärung' in 1957 but also for his engagement in the nuclear energy debate of the 1970s. Influenced by the 'Limits to Growth' discourse, Weizsäcker more and more gravitated towards an ecological world view and increasingly questioned material growth as well as a techno-scientific based understanding of progress. Weizsäcker thought about risks of the technical age in general and of the use of nuclear energy in particular. In the light of a growing fragmentation of scientific authority, Weizsäcker revealed uncertainty as he became fully aware that expertise cannot be based on scientific reason and cannot code the problems in terms of truth, but is inextricably linked with value spheres and contingencies. Nevertheless, his expertise was utilized as he encouraged parts of the Social Democratic Party (SPD) around Erhard Eppler to think about alternatives in energy policy.

  19. Kas tehnika on tähtis? / Ingrid Sahk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Sahk, Ingrid, 1976-

    2016-01-01

    Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli Baltimaade ajaloopiltide graafikatehnilisest taustast: kas Maydell rakendas graafikaloomingus oforti või vasegravüüri, millised võimalused olid tal 19. sajandi alguses ja milline oli tema graafikaalane ettevalmistus

  20. Piccolo tänab suupilli leiutajat

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Suupilliklubi Piccolo kontserdist 17. juunil Pärnu Lastepargis, mis on pühendatud Saksa pillimeistrile Christian Friedrich Ludwig Buschmannile. Pärnu neljandast rahvusvahelisest suupillifestivalist "Baltic-Nordic Harmonica"

  1. Die Einführung des "Intensivstudium München" in das Curriculum der Tierärztlichen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München [Introducing a clinical rotation system into the curriculum of the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine, Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stadler, Oliver

    2008-11-01

    Full Text Available [english] In April 2005, a clinical rotation was introduced in the Faculty of Veterinary Medicine at Ludwig Maximilians University of Munich to improve quality of clinical education. The eigth and ninth semesters were merged into one semester, and the prescribed semester breaks were abandoned. The clinical year was divided into 14 rotations of 3.5 weeks each and included a 3-week break over Christmas and New Year’s. Each clinic offers a range of different rotations among which students have to choose six. Because of the general nature of Germany’s veterinary license, which includes all species and clinical disciplines, students are required to follow certain guidelines while selecting their preferred rotations. For each student, a mandatory 7-week rotation is required in which pathology, food hygiene, and animal welfare is taught. Due to various constraints, the numbers of students admitted to different rotations varies, and therefore not all requests for rotations can be fulfilled. To this end, students are not only asked to indicate their favourite six rotations but also to rank these in order of preference during registration. If demand turns out to exceed the rotations offered, then an alternative rotation is assigned to a student depending on ranked preferences. In an attempt to control quality of new curriculum, student performance is evaluated after each block in nearly all of their rotations. In addition, students are invited to evaluate teachers as well as facilities. [german] Im Sommersemester 2005 wurde an der Tierärztlichen Fakultät der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität München das „Intensivstudium München“ („Klinische Rotation“ in Form eines Rotationssystems eingeführt. Diese Umstellung hatte die Verbesserung der Qualität der klinischen Ausbildung zum Ziel. Das bisherige achte und neunte Fachsemester wurden zu einem Studienjahr zusammengefasst; die davor übliche Unterteilung in allgemein gültige Vorlesungs- und

  2. Relação entre arte e política: sobre a carta de Friedrich Engels a Margaret Harkness

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henrique Wellen

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi analisar a relação entre arte e política, baseada na concepção estética do triunfo do realismo, originalmente indicada por Friedrich Engels. Para isso, a fonte categórica e teórica central veio de uma carta em que este autor, apresentando uma crítica literária de uma obra de Margaret Harkness, fez comentários sugestivos sobre a especificidade da legalidade estética e como o escritor pode entender a autonomia da arte. Realizou-se o exame crítico e reflexivo de concepções artísticas de natureza idealista e naturalista, como forma de indicar seus limites em face do realismo estético. Nesse sentido, o artigo foi iniciado por uma alegoria sobre a relação entre os elementos estéticos e as determinações ideológicas e políticas que compõem essas concepções artísticas, a fim de demonstrar, de forma imaginária, essas implicações. No segundo momento, buscamos correlacionar, a partir de princípios teóricos e metodológicos mais sólidos, os pressupostos da crítica literária relacionados ao triunfo do realismo com exemplos artísticos derivados dessas outras perspectivas estéticas. Nestas análises, os escritores franceses Émile Zola e Honoré de Balzac, aparecem como exemplares de grande distinção no tratamento da reflexão estética e sua relação com a concepção política do artista.

  3. ENGELS, Friedrich. Do socialismo utópico ao socialismo científico. Tradução de Rubens Eduardo Frias. 2. ed. São Paulo: Centauro, 2005. 98 p.

    OpenAIRE

    Angélica Lima Melo; Clodomir Cordeiro de Matos Júnior

    2015-01-01

    Friedrich Engels nasceu em Barmen, Renânia, em 1820, e faleceu no ano de 1895. O autor e colaborador de Marx foi um dos teóricos que fundamentou o materialismo dialético enquanto fator condicionante da transformação histórico-social. Desse modo, podemos refletir a partir da obra “Do Socialismo Utópico ao Socialismo Científico” sobre as importantes contribuições da corrente de socialistas utópicos, assim como as conjunturas sociais que foram desencadeadas devido às influências dessa corrente....

  4. Immanence: A life… Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arno Böhler

    2017-12-01

    In order to understand what is finally at stake for Nietzsche in the problem transcendence versus immanence, one therefore has to understand his new concept of the body. The body, not as a massive thing in itself, but a worldwide being, exposed to a multitude of forces, subconsciously operative in the cellar regions of a body as well as in the worldwide affections, a body is exposed to in its being-in-the-world. In the second part of my paper I will address the research-festival Philosophy on Stage#4, Nietzsche et cetera (Tanzquartier Wien 2015 as an example, in which philosophy is realized as an artistic research practice that gives back to philosophy its corporeality, materiality and fleshly sensibility by staging philosophy. A way of philosophising, which counters the classical ascetic image of thought and thus demands a new species of “artist-philosophers,” able and willing to demand, in line with Nietzsche’s Zarathustra, to “stay true to the earth”.

  5. A teoria da interpretação jurídica de Hans Kelsen: uma crítica a partir da obra de Friedrich Müller

    OpenAIRE

    Nestor Castilho Gomes; Sérgio Urquhart de Cademartori

    2008-01-01

    O artigo analisa a teoria da interpretaçãojurídica de Hans Kelsen, apresentada na TeoriaPura do Direito, a partir da posição teóricade Friedrich Müller, isto é, a partir das críticasformuladas pela Teoria Estruturante do Direito.Demonstrar-se-á como a distinção entre ser edever-ser, traço fundamental do projetoepistemológico kelseniano, influenciou a teoriada interpretação por ele proposta. Outrossim, opresente trabalho expõe em detalhes a teoria dainterpretação jurídica de Kelsen para, poste...

  6. Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein and Franz Joseph

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Broda, E.

    1983-01-01

    Under the Emperor Francis Joseph (1848-1916) the natural sciences were less weIl supported in Austria than in other countries of Europe. This is explained by the fact that the German speaking middle classes accepted the preeminence of the feudal forces with their antiscientific attitude. The reason for this readiness to subordination was that those middle classes feIt threatened in their relatively favourable situation by Slavs and Latins. Francis Joseph was the typical representative of the aristocracy. Personally, he did his duty conscientiously and was not corrupt, but progressive ideas and scientific thought were alien to him. From his desk he treated Boltzmann benevolently, but he had no wish to meet personally the greatest mind of the Empire or in any respect to ask his views. Another famous subject of the Emperor, Albert Einstein, was apparently ignored altogether. The structural weakness of Austria, due to the national problems, led to immobilism in her scientific life, but also, up to a point, to tolerance. The impression of Victor Adler on Einstein is considered in this historical context. (author) [de

  7. Kõnelused Tartus / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2007-01-01

    8.-10. V Tartus toimunud eesti, läti ja saksa kunstiteadlaste ühisseminarist. Alexander Knorre rääkis Karl August Senffi, Ilona Audere Friedrich Ludwig von Maydelli, Mai Levin Karl Alexander von Winkleri, Kristiana Abele Johann Walter-Kurau (1869-1932), Anne Untera Konstantin ja Sally von Kügelgeni, Epp Preem Julie Hagen-Schwartzi, Friedrich Gross Eduard von Gebhardti ja Katharina Hadding Ida Kerkoviuse (1879-1970) loomingust

  8. Water and Soil Analyses of Balongis Fish Cage and Oster (Talaba Farms in Concepcion River, Kabasalan, Zamboanga Sibugay Province, Philippines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Victoria L. Lim

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available The decline of the talaba (saccosrea malabonensis production in Barangay Concepcion, Kabasalan, Zamboanga Sibugay motivated the fisher folks to determine the cause of the phenomenon through the Social Action Ministry (SAM – Diocese of Ipil, Ipil, Zamboanga Sibugay,Philippines who arranged for the conduct of the study. The research was hypothesized to be caused by climate change. Data collection began on January 28 until February 8, 2012 on site. Twelve (12 sampling sites were installed in Concepcion River barangay Balongis, Buayan Zamboanga Sibugay where the barangay’s fish cage and oyster (Talaba farms are Global Positioning System (GPS gadget was used for the identification/markings of sampling stations (07⁰ 46.00 N and 122⁰47.116E to 07⁰45.778 N and 122⁰47.151 E Water and soil/sediment samples were taken and analyzed once a week for three consecutive weeks – January 28 to February 18, 2012. Physical water parameters were taken in situ (pH, Temperature, salinity and TSS. Water temperature raging 24⁰C-31.5⁰C, water pH 7.0-8.24, water salinity 18 -27.6 ppt. Total Suspended Solids (TSS ranged 0.104 g/L to 0.672 g/L – classified turbid water for all sampling sites. Sediment analysis: for mercury containment – qualitative analysis is negative, Soil Classification using the Textual triangle – soil classified as Loamy Sand (Sites 7-10 and Sandy Loam for all other sites. Meiofauna component using the Nematoma, turbellaria, Ciliophora, Ostracoda, Gastrotricha, Tardigrada, Sarcomastigaphora, Sincarida, Copepoda and some other unidentified fauna. Sedimentation rate averaged from 1410-6469 g/m2 per week. The high sediment rate could have caused the decline in oyster production but not by mercury contamination as suspected.

  9. Martina Oster, Waltraud Ernst, Marion Gerards (Hg.: Performativität und Performance. Hamburg u.a.: LIT Verlag 2008

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isa Wortelkamp

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Band versammelt Perspektiven unterschiedlicher wissenschaftlicher Disziplinen zur performativen Herstellung von Geschlecht in den Bereichen von Musik, Theater und Medienkultur. Ausgangspunkt und Verbindungsglied der Beiträge ist Judith Butlers Konzept zur Performativität von Geschlecht, das in seiner Relevanz für musikwissenschaftliche Frauen- und Genderforschung diskutiert wird. Im Zentrum steht die Reflexion der musikalischen Aufführung als Aufführung performativer Akte zur Konstruktion von Geschlechteridentitäten. Über die musikwissenschaftliche Perspektive hinaus liefern die verschiedenen Studien anregende und weitreichende Impulse zur Betrachtung künstlerischer Ausdrucksformen im Prozess der soziokulturellen Konstruktion von Geschlecht und Sexualität.The volume collects different disciplinary perspectives on the performative production of gender in the areas of music, theater, and media culture. The point of departure and nexus of the contributions is Judith Butler’s concept of the performativity of gender, which is discussed in its relevance for women���s and gender research in musicology. Central is the reflection on the musical performance as a performative act for the construction of gender identities. Over and beyond the perspective of musicology, the different studies provide stimulating and broad-reaching impulses for the consideration of artistic forms of expression in the process of the sociocultural construction of gender and sexuality.

  10. [Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker - supporter of the concept of the East German movement in favor of self-organization during the political turning point 1989/90].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gebhardt, Gerd

    2014-01-01

    The luminosity of Carl Friedrich von Weizsäcker's holistic thinking in the former German Democratic Republic (DDR) is reviewed. Broad-minded academics sought, in accordance with the modern paradigm of self-organization, beyond the ideological template for ways out of the dead end of incrustations of society and innovation blockages under the constraints of a dictatorship. Right after the fall of the wall, Weizsäcker willingly backed a "community of free researchers for self-organization" (Freie Forschungsgemeinschaft Selbstorganisation, FFGSO). This group, conceived as a nonpartisan "think tank" of civil activism, is also discussed. At a number of its meetings Weizsäcker debated the dangers of ideologically influenced science. The effectiveness of the dual leadership at his own Starnberg Institute, for instance, was stymied by the tensions arisen out of such conflicting aims. Against the voluntaristic anticipations of the mainstream in sociology, precisely that system proved to be more viable that was meant to be overcome: faulty and purportedly futureless capitalism. Weizsäcker repudiated social prognoses made in the absence of rules for their falsification resp. verification. Weizsäcker acted as a leading figure at the FFGSO's Potsdam conference, opened on 30 Mar. 1990, on the "DDR--and afterwards?". Its intention was in order to trigger a nationwide discussion of scientific scenarios in designing German unification in the face of gross practical disparities between East and West Germany. The Trust Agency inspired by the FFGSO at the Round Table between opposition and old government was supposed to transfer the national public property "Volkseigentum" of the DDR into private property of the East German citizens, to enable them to realize a role as subject through self-organization. At the group's request, Weizsäcker mediated the readiness by the Lutheran World Federation to assume the role of ombudsman in anticipation of conflicts of interest within the

  11. Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein and Franz Joseph; Ludwig Boltzmann, Albert Einstein und Franz Joseph

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Broda, E.

    1983-07-01

    Under the Emperor Francis Joseph (1848-1916) the natural sciences were less weIl supported in Austria than in other countries of Europe. This is explained by the fact that the German speaking middle classes accepted the preeminence of the feudal forces with their antiscientific attitude. The reason for this readiness to subordination was that those middle classes feIt threatened in their relatively favourable situation by Slavs and Latins. Francis Joseph was the typical representative of the aristocracy. Personally, he did his duty conscientiously and was not corrupt, but progressive ideas and scientific thought were alien to him. From his desk he treated Boltzmann benevolently, but he had no wish to meet personally the greatest mind of the Empire or in any respect to ask his views. Another famous subject of the Emperor, Albert Einstein, was apparently ignored altogether. The structural weakness of Austria, due to the national problems, led to immobilism in her scientific life, but also, up to a point, to tolerance. The impression of Victor Adler on Einstein is considered in this historical context. (author) [German] Die Naturwissenschaften wurden in Österreich unter Franz Joseph (1848-1916) weniger gefördert als in anderen Staaten Europas. Dies wird darauf zurückgeführt, daß das deutschsprechende Bürgertum sich mit der Vorherrschaft der feudalen Kräfte abfand, die nicht wissenschafts-freundlich waren. Für die Bereitschaft zur Unterordnung unter die Feudalen war maßgebend, daß das deutschsprechende Bürgertum sich durch Slawen und Romanen in seiner relativen Vorzugsstellung bedroht sah. Franz Joseph war der typische Repräsentant des konservativen Feudalismus. Er war persönlich pflichtbewußt und integer, doch waren ihm fortschrittliche Gedanken und wissenschaftliche Denkweise fremd. Boltzmann behandelte er von seinem Schreibtisch aus wohlwollend, doch hegte er keinen Wunsch, den größten Geist seines Reiches persönlich kennen zu lernen oder ihn in irgendeiner Hinsicht um seine Meinung zu fragen. Von seinem Untertanen Albert Einstein, damals schon sehr berühmt, nahm Franz Joseph offenbar überhaupt kaum Notiz. Die Strukturschwäche Österreichs, die durch die nationalen Probleme bedingt war, führte in seinem wissenschaftlichen Leben zu Immobilismus, aber auch bis zu einem gewissen Grade zu Toleranz. Die Eindrücke Einsteins bei Victor Adler werden in den historischen Zusammenhang gesetzt. (author)

  12. Friedrich Nietzsche: On Education. An Unfashionable Observation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernando BÁRCENA ORBE

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available It is proposed in this paper an educational’ unfashionable observation, from an nietzschean point of view. The main purpose thinking about certain contemporary dispossession of the educational experiencie between generations. When the only thing to transmit is that which is soccialy demanded, the erosion of education as an unpredictable experience of Bildung turns out unavoidable. With the rise of the so called «Learning Society», the insistence on the democratic function of schoolastic education has been accompanied by a set of pedagogical demands, coming from society and the market, whose most immediate effect is a feeling of a suffocation on educational experience of apprenticeship. As is to be held in this text, education has to do, not with possibilities, but with the impossibilities, not with the continuities, but with interruptions, not only with action, but with passivity and delay.

  13. Johann Friedrich Wilhelm Adolf von Baeyer

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    IAS Admin

    ... did groundbreaking research in sixteen different areas of organic chemistry, such ... The methodology they used may seem to be primitive now, but that was a .... BASF chemical company by which he greatly contributed to the development of ...

  14. Saaremaa murrakutest 18. sajandil / Eberhard Winkler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Winkler, Eberhard

    2008-01-01

    Kahest vanemast Saaremaalt pärit keelenäitest: Schlözer, August Ludwig. Gesammelte Nachrichten von den Ueberresten der Liven, in Livland und Kurland. (1770) ja Kruse, Friedrich Karl Hermann. Ur-Geschichte des Esthnischen Volksstammes und der Kaiserlich Russischen Ostseeprovinzen ... (1846)

  15. "Esialgses vormis, ilma olulisema inetamise ja muutmiseta" : Tallinna Oleviste kiriku taastamine pärast 1820. aasta tulekahju / Ants Hein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hein, Ants, 1952-

    2015-01-01

    Tulekahjust. Taastamistööde finantseerimisest. Kahest olulisest nimest Oleviste ehitusloos - Alexander Feldmann'ist ja Friedrich Ludwig von Maydell'ist. Taastamistööde käigust. Altaritest ja kantslist. Tisleritöödest, orelist

  16. Alu (Allo) mõis / Paul Friedrich Wilhelm Alisch, Friedrich Modi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alisch, Paul Friedrich Wilhelm

    2003-01-01

    4 fotot, värv.: 3 sisevaadet, välisvaade; omanikest, häärberi tellis Otto von Lilienfeld, veidi muudetud kujul lõpetas häärberi ehitusmeister F. Modi; nüüd tegutseb häärberi restaureeritud ruumides (restaureerimisprojekti tegi AB Hoerdel) Kaitseliidu kool

  17. "Fidelio" suurlavastuses astub lavale Ludwig van Beethoven ise / Andres Laasik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laasik, Andres, 1960-2016

    2007-01-01

    26. augustil Viinistus esietenduvast Nargen Opera egiidi all valmivast ooperist "Fidelio", lavastaja Liis Kolle. Ooperi autorit kehastavad Peeter Oja, Tarmo Leinatamm, Hannes Võrno. Muusikaline juht Tõnu Kaljuste

  18. ORIGINAL ARTICLE Ludwig's Angina: An Analysis of Sixteen Cases ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Ogunbodede

    African Journal of oral Health. Volume 2 ... Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Faculty of Dentistry, Obafemi Awolwo ... Microbiological investigations showed a polymicrobial nature of the ... cause and duration of infection, clinical.

  19. Ludwig Prandtl and Boundary Layers in Fluid Flow

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    His research is ... research in fluid mechan- ... For common fluids the viscous force is proportional to .... that the analogy is only a very crude, qualitative one. ..... separation is turbulent and the fluid in the wake is nearly stagnant. Method of.

  20. Max Karl Ernst Ludwig Planck (1858-1947

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robitaille P.-M.

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available October 4th, 2007 marks the 60th anniversary of Planck’s death. Planck was not only the father of Quantum Theory. He was also a man of profound moral and ethical values, with far reaching philosophical views. Though he lived a life of public acclaim for his discovery of the Blackbody radiation formula which bares his name, his personal life was beset with tragedy. Yet, Planck never lost his deep faith and belief in a personal God. He was admired by Einstein, not so much for his contributions to physics, but rather, for the ideals which he embodied as a person. In this work, a brief synopsis is provided on Planck, his life, and his philosophical writings. It is hoped that this will serve as an invitation to revisit the philosophical works of the man who, more than any other, helped set the course of early 20th century physics.

  1. How would Ludwig Wittgenstein have performed in the current ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South African Journal of Higher Education. Journal Home · ABOUT THIS JOURNAL · Advanced Search · Current Issue · Archives · Journal Home > Vol 23, No 4 (2009) >. Log in or Register to get access to full text downloads.

  2. Mere Libertarianism: Blending Hayek and Rothbard

    OpenAIRE

    Klein, Daniel

    2003-01-01

    As many have argued, libertarianism as idea and movement contains strands that often conflict, beg questions, or try our sensibilities. There are multiple libertarianisms. Two leading theorists of modern libertarianism are Friedrich Hayek and Murray Rothbard. Both pupils of Ludwig von Mises, Hayek and Rothbard provide dual libertarianisms that share a common precept but sustain that precept in inverse ways. Both Hayek and Rothbard maintain that, in societies like theirs, the desirable always ...

  3. Liivimaa orientalisti Otto Friedrich Richteri õpiaastad / Indrek Jürjo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jürjo, Indrek, 1956-2009

    2006-01-01

    Richteri koduõpetajaks oli kuulus Venemaa ajaloolane ja Tartu ülikooli kauaaegne rektor Gustav Ewers. Kõigepealt saadeti Otto prantsuse ja vene keele õppimise eesmärgil Moskva ülikooli (1808). 1809. aasta sügisest jätkus haridustee Heidelbergis, järgnes tavapärasest haridusteest eristuv erastuudium Viinis, mis kulges iseseisvate õpingute ja vahetu läbikäimise tähe all mitme tolleaegse vaimusuurusega

  4. Friedrich Nietzsche in Rene Girard’s Thought

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pablo Ruiz Lozano

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available René Girard is an anthropologist, who has proposed an original hypothesis about the scapegoat mechanism and the relation between violence and religion. Starting from it he intends to work out a criticism of modernity, seeking out to recuperate the role of Christianity in the culture. From this perspective, he approaches the work of F. Nietzsche showing the two faces he finds out in the thinker: his intuition about the hidden truth of violence; and his rejection of this truth, to return to the violent origins of culture.

  5. [The transformation of Friedrich the Great. A psychoanalytic study].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lewy, E

    1995-08-01

    The transformation of Frederick the Great. A psychoanalytic study.--As a child and young man, Prince Frederick Hohenzollern, later King Frederick II of Prussia, flatly rejected his father's militaristic, Teutonic code of behaviour with its emphasis on dutiful service, self-abnegation and obedience. Instead he indulged his more "effeminate" leanings, taking an interest in literature, music and the unsoldierly delights provided by the courtly life of the age, and was encouraged in this by both his mother and his sister. This refusal to espouse the manly, paternal principle drove the crown prince into an increasingly vehement conflict with his father, who observed his son's indifference to all things military with growing bitterness, and finally led to a catastrophe in the course of which Frederick's closest friend was executed and he himself only just escaped his father's deadly vengeance. After this crisis, Frederick conformed more and more closely to his father's expectations and instructions and after the latter's death in 1740 developed into a ruler who enhanced Prussia's military and political glory and established a paternalistic principle that not only equalled but indeed exceeded everything that his father had stood for. The author traces in detail Frederick's astounding transformation into the "Frederick the Great" familiar to us from history books, analysing it both psychodynamically and in terms of identity theory. His conclusion is that it was the strength of Frederick's ego--itself the very prerequisite of "greatness"--that saved him from coming to grief over this conflict of identity.

  6. Friedrich August von Hayek (1899-1992)(Second Edition)

    OpenAIRE

    Ludwig van den Hauwe

    2005-01-01

    This paper is the sequel to chapter 30 of the 1999 first edition of The Elgar Companion to Law and Economics (ed. J. Backhaus). A new section has been added entitled 'An application of Hayekian law and economics: the comparative analysis of alternative monetary and banking regimes'.

  7. Friedrich Nietzsche in the National Theatre in Prague

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bažant, Jan

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 37, [1] (2001), s. 40-61 ISSN 0046-1628 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9062906 Keywords : personification of the art * greek gods * muses Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  8. Dos obras de Friedrich F. Haindl, Alemania Federal

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Editorial, Equipo

    1973-07-01

    Full Text Available The Asylum of Wasserburg. It is a brick construction, faced with pre-manufactured concrete pieces; its plan is rectangular and consists of: cellar (under ground, ground floor and six stories. Arrangement of cellar: kitchen with its accessory rooms, laundry, storing rooms, as well as lavatories and installations. The entry is on the ground floor, with a forged iron front door which communicates with the spacious interior hall. This floor includes: dinnig room, chapel, library and administrative rooms. The first floor is assigned to: personnel and the Sisters' rooms, including a refectory, and the appartment of the janitor. The following four floors contain the total of the residents' rooms, with a common hall on each floor. On the top floor, the centre for medical assistance with rooms of different capacities is installed. The whole is completed by a garage and a garden. The residence for old people of Berchting. It has been installed in an old convent of two floors, adding a new building which consists of: cellar, ground floor, and two and three storeys. Old and new part arc connected by means of a glass aisle. The old building contains: rooms for personnel, Sisters and nurses, the chaplain's appartments; the kitchen, dining-room, refectory and living-room; administrative rooms, lavatories and services, storing rooms and workshops. In the new building are installed the rooms for the old; the rooms for boiler, oil tanks for heating, storing rooms, workshops; dinnig-room and lobby near the connexion aisle; main kitchen and small kitchens on each floor; personnel diningroom, laundry, lavatories, living-rooms and common terrace, as well as the centre for medical assistance with 22 beds. Each bedroom has its washbasin and incorporated closet, and all the resident's rooms have individual balconies. The whole new construction has been buil with concrete, harmonizing with the large glass walls of the aisle, with the common rooms and the bed-rooms.El asilo de Wasserburg. Se trata de una construcción de ladrillo, con revestimiento de piezas prefabricadas de hormigón; tiene planta rectangular y está compuesto por: sótano, planta baja y seis superiores. En el sótano se han dispuesto: la cocina con sus dependencias, una lavandería y los locales de almacenamiento, servicios e instalaciones. La entrada se realiza por la planta baja, atravesando una cancela que comunica con el espacioso salón interior. Esta planta aloja: el comedor, la capilla, la biblioteca y los locales administrativos. La planta primera se dedicó a las dependencias del personal y a las habitaciones de las hermanas, incluyendo un refectorio y la vivienda del portero. Las cuatro plantas superiores contienen el tota! de las habitaciones de los residentes, con un salón común en cada planta. En la última se ha montado el centro asistencial, con habitaciones de distintas capacidades. El conjunto se completa con un garaje y un jardin. La residencia de ancianos de Berching. Está situada en un antiguo convento de dos plantas, añadiéndole un nuevo edificio, que consta de: sótano, planta baja y dos o tres plantas superiores. Se une al anterior mediante un pasillo acristalado. En el primer edificio se dispusieron: las habitaciones del personal, hermanas y enfermeras vivienda para el sacerdote, cocina, comedor, refectorio, sala de estar, administración, aseos y servicios, almacenes, provisiones y talleres En la nueva construcción se distribuyen: las habitaciones de los ancianos, cuarto de calderas, tanques de aceite para calefacción, almacenes, talleres, comedor y vestíbulo junto al pasillo de enlace, cocina general, cocinas pequeñas en cada planta, comedor del personal lavandería, aseos, cuartos de estar y terraza de uso común, y el centro asistencial de 22 camas Cada dormitorio va dotado de lavabo y un armario empotrado, disponiendo, además, las habitaciones de los ancianos de una terraza individual. La nueva construcción se ha realizado en su totalidad con hormigón, armonizando con las grandes superficies acristaladas de pasillos, locales comunes y dormitorios.

  9. Das Eismeer – Caspar David Friedrich and the North

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nina Hinrichs

    2008-02-01

    1840 created the work of art Das Eismeer in the years 1823/24. Besides his painting Mönch am Meer it is his most radical painting. It depicts a dramatic and grim subject: A shipwreck in the Arctic Sea. According to different cultural, historical and social contexts there have been many different interpretations of his painting since it was produced.

  10. A primazia da natureza ante o espírito em Ludwig Feuerbach The primacy of nature against the spirit in Ludwig Feuerbach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eduardo Ferreira Chagas

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available O presente artigo pretende destacar a tese de que a natureza para Feuerbach é um existente autônomo e independente e possui primazia ante o espírito. Para ele, a natureza material, que existe, em sua diferencialidade qualitativa, independente do pensar, é diante do espírito o original, o fundamento não deduzível, imediato, não criado, de toda existência real, que existe e consiste por si mesmo. Feuerbach opõe a natureza ao espírito, pois ele a entende não como um puro outro, que só por meio do espírito foi posto como natureza, mas como o primeiro, a realidade objetiva, material, que existe fora do entendimento e é dada ao homem, por meio de seus sentidos, como fundamento e essência de sua vida. Trata-se, pois, primeiro daquela essência (luz, ar, água, fogo, plantas, animais etc. sem a qual o homem não pode nem ser pensado nem existir. A natureza é, para Feuerbach, a pluralidade de todos os objetos e essências que realmente são. Sob esta condição, é possível conceber a natureza como a garantia da exterioridade mesma, como que um existente fora de nós, que nada sabe de si e é em si e por si mesmo; por conseguinte, ela não deve ser vista como aquilo que ela não é, isto é, nem como divina, nem como humana. A natureza sempre existiu, quer dizer, ela existe por si e tem seu sentido apenas em si mesma; ela é ela mesma, ou seja, nenhuma essência mística, pois, por trás dela, não se esconde nenhum absoluto, nada humano, nada divino, transcendental ou ideal.This article tries to delineate the proposition that to Feuerbach nature is an autonomous and independent being that comes first in comparison to the spirit. To him, material nature, that exists in its qualitative differentness, independent from thinking, is the original source, the immediate, not deductible, uncreated fundament of all real existence, that exists and consists in itself, when put vis-à-vis the spirit. Feuerbach sets nature against the spirit, for it is his understanding that nature is not a pure other that only through the spirit was set as nature, but as the first source, the objective material reality that exists outside reason and is given to man by means of his senses as fundament and essence of his life. Therefore, one is dealing first with that essence (light, air, water, fire, plants, animals etc. without which man does not exist or could be thought of as existing. To Feuerbach nature is all objects and essences put together. Under this condition it is possible to conceive nature as guarantor of externality itself as if it could exist independently from us, an entity that is unaware of itself and which exists in itself and by itself; for this reason it shall not be seen as something which it is not, i.e., neither divine nor human. Nature always existed, i.e., it exists in itself and has only meaning in itself; it is itself, i.e., it has no mystical essence, it does not hide behind it any absolute being whether human, divine, transcendental or ideal.

  11. Erinnerungen. Aus dem Feldzuge der Franzosen in Russland unter Napoleon im Jahre 1812, von einem preußischen Bombardier, dem jetzigen Major Weinberger. Unveröffentlichtes Manuskript (1849), herausgegeben von Peter-Michael Berger

    OpenAIRE

    Weinberger, Friedrich Ludwig

    2012-01-01

    Friedrich Ludwig Weinberger (1794–1869) diente im Juni 1812 als Freiwilliger bei der Königsberger Garnisonsartillerie. Diese 400 Soldaten wurden von Napoleon in die Garde seiner Grande Armée zur Invasion Russlands zwangsweise eingegliedert. Als einer von nur 13 Überlebenden seiner Truppe kehrte Weinberger im März 1813 aus russischem Gewahrsam zurück. Über seine Erlebnisse beim Vormarsch, den Kämpfen, der Besetzung Moskaus, dem Rückzug und der Heimkehr verfasste er einen Bericht, den er m...

  12. Existential analysis and psychoanalysis: specific differences and personal relationship between Ludwig Binswanger and Sigmund Freud.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bühler, Karl-Ernst

    2004-01-01

    The concise curriculum vitae of the founder of existential analysis is followed by an exact comparison of the polarity (homo natura versus homo cultura) between Binswanger and Freud. Then the five stages in the development of (Existential Daseinsanalysis Analysis) are described: the stage of learning, of practice, of criticism, of the alternative to psychoanalysis, and of reconciliation. The criticism is aimed especially at Freud's naturalism and at the concept of drive. These concepts are opposed by ontoanalytic doctrines derived from Heidegger's ontoanalysis. The differences are further exemplified by the comparison of the existentialanalytical and the psychoanalytical view of the unconscious. A presentation of the treatment of a "hysterical phobia," which is first explained in psychoanalytic terms and later in existentialanalytic terminology (mainly concerning the world-projects) makes the difference between the two schools of thought explicit.

  13. Dwie (antyfilozoficzne „gramatyki” Wittgensteina [Two (anti philosophical grammars of Ludwig Wittgenstein

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adam Nowaczyk

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Wittgenstein is the author of two conceptions of “grammar”, that were meant to be tools of reaching the same goal: discrediting of the traditional, i.e. “metaphysical” questions of philosophy. His early conception concerns logical grammar being the language of logic notation, which is devoid of logical constants. This idea was supported by the ontological thesis that there are no logical objects. In fact, it was not indispensable for achieving the intended purpose, since the elimination of philosophical problems was provided by the semantic argument that the only sensible statements are those of the natural sciences. The second concept of grammar, presented in the writings of the later Wittgenstein, seems more ambiguous. Grammar is a set of rules of the language game, having a status of grammatical statements. Examples of such statements are diverse, and desirable, according to the authors, reformulation of them all into concrete orders or prohibitions seems problematic. In the Investigations Wittgenstein distinguishes between deep and surface grammar, which serves to determine the proper task of philosophy as description of the deep grammar (especially the grammar of philosophically relevant words. In this sense New Philosophy is a kind of philosophical grammar. Wittgensteinian grammar is also anti-philosophical, as it aims at the elimination of erroneous (pseudometaphysical claims derived from misleading forms of surface grammar. Despite the differences in the concepts of language and grammar in the early and late Wittgenstein, he has not changed his critical approach to the traditional philosophical questions.

  14. Il concetto di medium artistico: Richard Wollheim interprete di Ludwig Wittgenstein

    OpenAIRE

    Maistrello, Andrea

    2016-01-01

    The aim of the dissertation is twofold: (i) analyzing the notion (well known by aestheticians, but not so intensively studied) of artistic medium; (ii) showing the relevance of such notion for aesthetics through the examination of some relevant aspects of Richard Wollheim’s philosophy of art, maybe the main figure in Anglo-American philosophy as for considering artistic medium central in art-theorizing. Artistic media, according to Wollheim, can develop only if properly connected to a cultura...

  15. The Jewish heritage of Ludwig Wittgenstein: its influence on his life and work.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abramovitch, Henry; Prince, Raymond

    2006-12-01

    This article discusses two aspects of Wittgenstein's Jewish heritage. First, we try to show that Wittgenstein was acutely aware of his own Jewish heritage and especially concerned about its potential influence on his work. Second, we suggest that the form of his work, specifically, his method of inquiry and the peculiar literary character of his work, bear a striking resemblance to that of Hebrew Talmud. Like other assimilated Jews of Central Europe, Wittgenstein may have been directly or indirectly exposed to Hebraic culture and Talmudic logic. An understanding of Wittgenstein's Jewish heritage provides an important and neglected perspective on his work.

  16. How Would Ludwig Wittgenstein Have Performed in the Current South African Higher Education System?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Grange, L.

    2009-01-01

    The pressure to perform has migrated from the corporate world into academe. Academics across the globe feel this pressure to perform, often expressed as "publish or perish". I reflect on the rising culture of performativity in recent decades and how it has penetrated South African universities. In doing so, I specifically look at the…

  17. Karl Marx, Ludwig Wittgenstein, and Black Underachievement in the United States and United Kingdom

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tomlin, Carol; Wright, Cecile; Mocombe, Paul C.

    2013-01-01

    This article synthesizes Marxian conceptions of identity construction within capitalist relations of production with the Wittgensteinian notion of "language games" to offer a more appropriate relational framework within which scholars ought to understand the Black-White academic achievement gap in America, the United Kingdom, and…

  18. Star Formation Histories of Local Group Dwarf Galaxies. (Ludwig Biermann Award Lecture 1996)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grebel, E. K.

    The star formation histories of dwarf galaxies in the Local Group are reviewed. First the question of Local Group membership is considered based on various criteria. The properties of 31 (36) galaxies are consistent with likely (potential) Local Group membership. To study the star formation histories of these galaxies, a multi-parameter problem needs to be solved: Ages, metallicities, population fractions, and spatial variations must be determined, which depend crucially on the knowledge of reddening and distance. The basic methods for studying resolvable stellar populations are summarized. One method is demonstrated using the Fornax dwarf spheroidal galaxy. A comprehensive compilation of the star formation histories of dwarf irregulars, dwarf ellipticals, and dwarf spheroidals in the Local Group is presented and visualized through Hodge's population boxes. All galaxies appear to have differing fractions of old and intermediate-age populations, and those sufficiently massive and undisturbed to retain and recycle their gas are still forming stars today. Star formation has occurred either in distinct episodes or continuously over long periods of time. Metallicities and enrichment vary widely. Constraints on merger and remnant scenarios are discussed, and a unified picture based on the current knowledge is presented. Primary goals for future observations are: accurate age determinations based on turnoff photometry, detection of subpopulations distinct in age, metallicity, and/or spatial distribution; improved distances; and astrometric studies to derive orbits and constrain past and future interactions.

  19. Ernst Ludwig Kirchner´s "Negerplastik" and the mistake of Czech Cubists

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Winter, Tomáš

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 61, č. 4 (2013), s. 356-361 ISSN 0049-5123 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : African sculpture * Czech cubism * Primitivism Subject RIV: AL - Art , Architecture, Cultural Heritage http://www.umeni- art .cz/cz/issue-detail.aspx?v=issue-issue-2131

  20. Management of Ludwig's Angina in Pregnancy: A Review of 10 Cases

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    had stab incisions, under local anesthesia, at the submandibular area bilaterally .... morbidity associated with the use of general anesthesia. We observed two ... trimester of pregnancy and procedures such as dental fillings and scaling and ...

  1. Illusionists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N.J Wade

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Illusions have been displayed in art for millennia but they were not addressed seriously by visual science until the mid-nineteenth century when Johann Joseph Oppel referred to the small spatial distortions as ‘geometrical optical illusions’. Many of the illusion figures described thereafter bear the names of those who illustrated them. Original forms of the illusions were shown together with illusory portrayals of those who described them. These included (in chronological sequence: Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Louis Albert Necker, Michel Eugène Chevreul, Adolf Fick, Johann Karl Friedrich Zöllner, Johann Christian Poggendorff, Karl Ewald Konstantin Hering, August Kundt, Joseph-Rémi-Léopold Delbæuf, Ernst Mach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand Helmholtz, Ludimar Hermann, Wilhelm von Bezold, Henri Beaunis, Franz Carl Müller-Lyer, Theodor Lipps, Armand Thiéry, Wilhelm Maximilian Wundt, Hugo Münsterberg, Friedrich Schumann, Hermann Ebbinghaus, Edward Bradford Titchener, Joseph Jastrow, James Fraser, Mario Ponzo, Edgar Rubin, Matthew Luckiesh, Friedrich Sander, Walter Ehrenstein, Adelbert Ames, Richard Gregory, Gaetano Kanizsa, Michael White, Roger Shepard, and Bernd Lingelbach.

  2. Forgotten Bibles: Friedrich Max Müller’s Edition of the Sacred Books of the East

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Molendijk, Arie

    2016-01-01

    Max Müller’s edition of the Sacred Books of the East (1879-1910) is doubtless one of the most ambitious and daring editorial projects of late Victorian scholarship. This essay examines the claim that these translations ratify a whole taxonomy of concepts and procedures that will characterize the

  3. Der Haushaltsgrundsatz der Wirtschaftlichkeit und Sparsamkeit bei Personalentscheidungen insbesondere im Sozialversicherungsrecht / Friedrich E. Schnapp, Marcus Kreutz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schnapp, Friedrich E.

    2017-01-01

    Mõistetest „majanduslikkus” ja „kokkuhoidlikkus” juhatuse liikmete tasude ning kõrvaltegevustest saadavate tulude avalikustamise ja personaliga seotud otsuste valguses sotsiaalseadustiku tõlgenduses ja kohtupraktikas

  4. Is Bitcoin the Only Cryptocurrency in the Town? Economics of Cryptocurrency and Friedrich A.Hayek

    OpenAIRE

    Iwamura, Mitsuru; Kitamura, Yukinobu; Matsumoto, Tsutomu

    2014-01-01

    This paper overviews the entire landscape of Bitcoin-like cryptocurrencies. Bitcoin has not emerged out of cryptocurrency competition, but rather became a dominant currency as the first broad market based cryptocurrency. But there are more than a hundred of cryptocurrencies in the market, and some are catching up to Bitcoin. This is a healthy sign of currency competition á la Hayek. Through this competition new technological and security innovations may emerge. In this paper, we point out pot...

  5. Ernst Florens Friedrich Chladni (1756-1827) and the origins of modern meteorite research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marvin, Ursula B.

    1996-09-01

    In 1794, Ernst F. F. Chladni published a 63-page book Über den Ursprung der von Pallas gefundenen und anderer ihr änlicher Eisenmassen und über einige damit in Verbindung stehende Naturerscheinungen in which he proposed that meteor-stones and iron masses enter the atmosphere from cosmic space and form fireballs as they plunge to Earth. These ideas violated two strongly held contemporary beliefs: (1) fragments of rock and metal do not fall from the sky, and (2) no small bodies exist in space beyond the Moon. From the beginning, Chladni was severely criticised for basing his hypotheses on historical eyewitness reports of falls which others regarded as folk tales and for taking gross liberties with the laws of physics. Eight years later, the study of fallen stones and irons was established as a valid field of investigation. Today, some scholars credit Chladni with founding meteoritics as a science; others regard his contributions as scarcely worthy of mention. Writings by his contemporaries suggest that Chladni's book alone would not have led to changes of prevailing theories; thus, he narrowly escaped the fate of those scientists who propose valid hypotheses prematurely. However between 1794 and 1798, four falls of stones were witnessed and widely publicized. There followed a series of epoch-making analyses of fallen stones and "native irons" by the chemist Edward C. Howard and the mineralogist Jacques-Louis de Bournon. They showed that all the stones were much alike in texture and composition but significantly different from the Earth's known crustal rocks. Of primary importance was Howard's discovery of nickel in the irons and the metal grains of the stones. This linked the two as belonging to the same natural phenomenon. The chemical results, published in 1802 February, persuaded leading scientists in England, France, and Germany that bodies fall from the sky. Within a few months, chemists in France reported similar results and a new field of study was inaugurated internationally—although opposition lingered on until 1803 April, when nearly 3,000 stones fell at L'Aigle in Normandy and transformed the last skeptics into believers. Chladni immediately received full credit for his hypothesis of falls, but decades passed before his linking of falling bodies with fireballs received general acceptance. His hypothesis of their origin met with strong resistance from those who argued that stones formed within the Earth's atmosphere or were ejected by lunar volcanoes. After 1860, when both of these hypotheses were abandoned, there followed a century of debate between proponents of an interstellar vs. a planetary origin. Not until the 1950s did conclusive evidence of their elliptical orbits establish meteorite parent bodies as members of the solar system. Thus, nearly 200 years passed before the questions of origin that Chladni raised finally were resolved.

  6. A generalization of the Friedrichs angle and the method of alternating projections

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Badea, C.; Grivaux, S.; Müller, Vladimír

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 348, 1-2 (2010), s. 53-56 ISSN 1631-073X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA201/06/0128 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : Hilbert space * Neumann -Halperin method Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.399, year: 2010 http://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S1631073X09004002

  7. On generalized Friedrichs and Krein-von Neumann extensions and canonical systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Winkler, H

    2002-01-01

    Let S be a densely defined and closed symmetric relation in a Hilbert space H with defect numbers (1, 1), and let A be some of its canonical selfadjoint extensions. According to Krein's formula, to S and A corresponds a so-called Q-function from the Nevanlinna class N. In this note we show to which

  8. A Conjecture on the Origine of Language, with many helps from Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heesook Kim

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available It is agreed upon that among all the living things that have existed, only humans can speak. However, we do not know yet since when we have spoken. We find that Nietzsche left distinctive ideas on the origin of language. Reflecting on “eternal recurrence” and “overmen”, the concepts that Nietzsche made popular, we found out that he would agree on dating the origin of language from some 70,000 years ago when the human population shrank drastically to as low as 2,000 in the wake of the super-volcanic eruption at Lake Toba. At that time, the eternal recurrence that had shackled our ancestors for a long time suddenly disappeared and the small band of surviving members could not help becoming overmen or supermen of entire human species. We ascertained the conjecture with the latest development in evolution theory, archaeology and anatomical analysis on human fossils.

  9. Die Wahrnehmung der Pädagogik Johann Friedrich Herbart in Polen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jan Wnęk

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available The article shows the development of Polish interests in the pedagogical mind of J. F. Herbart. In this work we chronologically presented the most important Polish publications on Herbart we drew attention to the change of its perception in different historical periods. There is no doubt that a large part of Polish authors esteem the educational Herbart and tried to popularize his ideas among Polish teachers. It is understood that the greatest interest in ‘herbartyzmem’ was in the nineteenth century but it declined sharply in the next century. This was associated with the development of new educational systems. The article is an important contribution to a better understanding of the reception of the German educational thought in other countries.

  10. The innovation process : suggestions for improvement in a research and development environment / Friedrich Wilhelm Hein Kruger

    OpenAIRE

    Kruger, Friedrich Wilhelm Hein

    1998-01-01

    Sasol Ltd is regarded as the world leader in Fischer-Tropsch technology and endeavours to reinforce this, not necessarily sustainable, competitive advantage by globalisation. This globalisation strategy reflects the company's commitment to sustainable growth through the development, production, and marketing of new products and processes. Sasol Technology (Pty) Ltd is clearly an important role player in the realisation of this vision, and strives to add optimum value to the tre...

  11. Friedrich Nietzsche, René Girard y el «Pecado Original» del cristianismo

    OpenAIRE

    Langella, Simona

    2009-01-01

    This article analyses the interpretation held by Heidegger and Girard about the «predicted» death of God in Nietzsche. For him, God’s death is the death of the truth, since in all platonic or Christian perspective, God is the truth and the truth is divine. As Heidegger showed, it is the entire ultrasensitive world that disappears with the death of God. Regarding Heidegger’s interpretation, which does not grant Nietzsche’s antichristianism any great philosophical importance, Girard states t...

  12. TERAPIA GESTÁLTICA DE FRIEDRICH SOLOMON PERLS FUNDAMENTACIÓN FENOMENOLÓGICA-EXISTENCIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luis Fernando Velásquez

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available La primera parte de este documento se ocupa de la vida de Fritz Perls, quien ha sido considerado uno de los principales representantes del Enfoque Humanista en Psicología. En segunda instancia se analiza, de manera clara y precisa, la estrecha relación que existe entre la filosofía existencial, la fenomenología y la Terapia Gestalt propuesta por Perls. Así mismo, el autor revisa los elementos teóricos y prácticos de diversas teorías y escuelas de pensamiento que convergen de manera apropiada en el modelo psicoterapéutico de Perls.

  13. TERAPIA GESTÁLTICA DE FRIEDRICH SOLOMON PERLS FUNDAMENTACIÓN FENOMENOLÓGICA-EXISTENCIAL

    OpenAIRE

    Luis Fernando Velásquez

    2001-01-01

    La primera parte de este documento se ocupa de la vida de Fritz Perls, quien ha sido considerado uno de los principales representantes del Enfoque Humanista en Psicología. En segunda instancia se analiza, de manera clara y precisa, la estrecha relación que existe entre la filosofía existencial, la fenomenología y la Terapia Gestalt propuesta por Perls. Así mismo, el autor revisa los elementos teóricos y prácticos de diversas teorías y escuelas de pensamiento que convergen de...

  14. Notas sobre la promesa en el pensamiento de Friedrich Nietzsche y Hannah Arendt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Lucila Svampa

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available There are many works in the political thought that analyse the notion of promise. In Zur Genealogie der Moral, Nietzsche affirms that the promise provides a memory of the will, faculty that introduces a change in the temporality because who promises defines the future in the present. Arendt takes this definition in The Human Condition in order to characterize the potentialities of the action, maintaining that the promise establishes islands of certainty in a field of unpredictable nature. This paper aims to reconstruct correspondences and discontinuities in both perspectives. In order to achieve that goal, the relationship of the promise with sovereignty and responsibility will be considered.

  15. Baltic Storm'i tagasihoidlik edu / Jürgen-Friedrich Laulik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laulik, Jürgen-Friedrich

    2003-01-01

    Saksa ajakirjanduse vastukajasid Berliinis esilinastunud poliitilisele põnevusfilmile "Balti torm" ("Baltic Storm"), mis kujutab parvlaev "Estonia" hukku. Režissöör ja üks stsenariste on Reuben Leder, peaosades Greta Scacchi ja Jürgen Prochnow. Kaasa teeb ka Donald Sutherland USA kindrali rollis

  16. Weltliche Einflüsse in der Notre-Dame-Musik? Überlegungen zu einer Klausel im Codex F

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Büttner, Fred

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available The unlimited validity of the rectilinear evolution that, according to Friedrich Ludwig, led from Notre Dame Clausula to Latin and thenceforth to French Motet was most recently questioned by Wolf Frobenius in his article "Zum genetischen Verhältnis zwischen Notre-Dame-Klauseln und ihren Motetten" (1987. Nevertheless, Frobenius does not thoroughly examine the pieces concerned, with hardly more far-reaching conclusions being attached to the priority claimed for many French Motets when comparing their concordances as Clausula and Latin Motet. With a setting of the choral melisma "ne" (Sm8 - already used by Ludwig in order to substantiate his estimation of the historical precedence of the Clausula - as an example, the point of view held by Frobenius is therefore once again subjected to critical scrutiny. Thus several traits can be established in the specifics of the Clausula that point to the field of secular music. Although this corroborates the considerations made by Frobenius, on the other hand such a result will open up new perspectives for further research into the School of Notre Dame.

    [de] Spätestens durch den Aufsatz „Zum genetischen Verhältnis zwischen Notre-Dame-Klauseln und ihren Motetten" von Wolf Frobenius (1987 wurde die uneingeschränkte Gültigkeit des geradlinigen Entwicklungsgangs, den Friedrich Ludwig von der Notre-Dame-Klausel über die lateinische bis zur franzosischen Motette zeichnete, in Frage gestellt. Jedoch bleibt Frobenius eine gründliche Untersuchung der betreffenden Stücke ebenso schuldig, wie auch an die behauptete Priorität vieler französischer Motetten gegenüber ihren Konkordanzen als Klausel und lateinische Motette kaum weiterreichende Schlußfolgerungen geknüpft werden. Anhand des „Ne"-Satzes Sm8, den bereits Ludwig exemplarisch hervorhob, um seine Auffassung von der Klausel als ältestem Stadium zu belegen, wird deshalb die Sichtweise von Frobenius noch einmal auf ihre Stichhaltigkeit

  17. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma

    2012-02-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  18. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "General Systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - part III: convergences and divergences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-07-04

    Bertalanffy's so-called "general system theory" (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy's conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby's important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and "organismic" trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of "general systemology".

  19. Discovering the structure of nerve tissue: Part 3: From Jan Evangelista Purkyně to Ludwig Mauthner

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Chvátal, Alexandr

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 1 (2017), s. 15-49 ISSN 0964-704X Institutional support: RVO:68378041 Keywords : brain * ganglia * fibers Subject RIV: AB - History OBOR OECD: History (history of science and technology to be 6.3, history of specific sciences to be under the respective headings) Impact factor: 0.633, year: 2016

  20. Arthur Schopenhauer e Ludwig van Beethoven: diálogos possíveis entre música e filosofia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raimundo Rajobac

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available

    No decorrer do trabalho, procuraremos evidenciar a posição de Schopenhauer sobre os conceitos de Representação e Vontade. Analisaremos sua estética observando a relação hierárquica existente entre as belas artes e a capacidade residente em cada arte de expressão da essência íntima do mundo, chegando à música, como arte que nos transmite o em-si do mundo. Partindo daí, tomaremos como referência o compositor clássico/romântico Beethoven e a “6ª Sinfonia em Fá Maior”, Op. 68-Pastoral, mais especificamente o IV movimento - Tempestade (Gewitter Sturm. Apontaremos, portanto, a ideia de que a obra de arte beethoveniana nos conduz ao que é nomeado por Schopenhauer como sentimento estético e que nos vem sempre através de uma intuição pura, devendo ser interpretado como um sentimento metafísico, uma vez que nele o intelecto atinge o nível de contemplação estética, o que implica o mergulho do sujeito cognoscente dentro do objeto conhecido, ao qual se funde.

  1. Warfarin-induced sublingual hematoma mimicking Ludwig angina: Conservative management of a potentially life-threatening condition.

    LENUS (Irish Health Repository)

    Cashman, Emma

    2011-02-01

    Sublingual hematoma secondary to excessive anticoagulation is a rare, life-threatening condition. Reports in the literature have emphasized the importance of a prompt reversal of the causative coagulopathy by intravenous administration of vitamin K and fresh frozen plasma. In the event of an unstable airway, surgical intervention via tracheostomy or cricothyroidectomy is advocated. We report a case of sublingual hematoma that was treated conservatively, and we discuss the presentation and management of this entity.

  2. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy's "General Systemology", and on its relationship to cybernetics - part III: convergences and divergences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-07-01

    Bertalanffy's so-called "general system theory" (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy's conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby's important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and "organismic" trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of "general systemology".

  3. Discovering the structure of nerve tissue: Part 3: From Jan Evangelista Purkyně to Ludwig Mauthner.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chvátal, Alexandr

    2017-01-01

    The previous works of Purkyně, Valentin, and Remak showed that the central and peripheral nervous systems contained not only nerve fibers but also cellular elements. The use of microscopes and new fixation techniques enabled them to accurately obtain data on the structure of nerve tissue and consequently in many European universities microscopes started to become widely used in histological and morphological studies. The present review summarizes important discoveries concerning the structure of neural tissue, mostly from vertebrates, during the period from 1838 to 1865. This review describes the discoveries of famous as well as less well-known scholars of the time, who contributed significantly to current understandings about the structure of neural tissue. The period is characterized by the first descriptions of different types of nerve cells and the first attempts of a cytoarchitectonic description of the spinal cord and brain. During the same time, the concept of a neuroglial tissue was introduced, first as a tissue for "gluing" nerve fibers, cells, and blood capillaries into one unit, but later some glial cells were described for the first time. Questions arose as to whether or not cells in ganglia and the central nervous system had the same morphological and functional properties, and whether nerve fibers and cell bodies were interconnected. Microscopic techniques started to be used for the examination of physiological as well as pathological nerve tissues. The overall state of knowledge was just a step away from the emergence of the concept of neurons and glial cells.

  4. Dynamics of the concept “Man” in the history of philosophy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karpina Olena Serhiyivna

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The article deals with the development of the category “man” in the history of philosophy. The author focuses on such periods of the philosophical thought development as the Antiquity, the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, the Modern history, the Age of the Enlightenment, German classical philosophy, and non-classical philosophy. The article analyses and compare philosophical views of such outstanding thinkers as Socrates, Aristotle, Epicurus, Titus Lucretius Carus, Thomas Aquinas, Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Coluccio Salutati, Michel de Montaigne, Francis Bacon, John Locke, Benedict Spinoza, Blaise Pascal, Charles-Louis de Montesquieu, Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Immanuel Kant, Ludwig Feuerbach, Arthur Schopenhauer, Søren Kierkegaard, Friedrich Nietzsche.

  5. La crítica del racionalismo y la pertinencia de la religiosidad en el mundo moderno (The critique of rationalism and the pertinence of religiousness in the modern world

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. C. F. Mansilla

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available La crítica racionalista de los fenómenos religiosos se originó en la Antigüedad clásica y posteriormente en la Ilustración y fue continuada hasta el postmodernismo actual. Decisivos han sido los aportes de Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Sigmund Freud y Friedrich Nietzsche. Estos análisis de la religión, centrados en el desilusionamiento sistemático, son reconstruidos someramente y sometidos a crítica. El artículo plantea la necesidad de una religiosidad intelectual, pero se distancia del primer protestantismo (Martín Lutero y de sus consecuencias socio-políticas. Se postula la continuada necesidad de un primer principio que dé sentido a todos los otros fenómenos y que evite el relativismo total.

  6. "Cosmomorphistic geometry" in the unconscious geometry of Johannes Kepler

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adam, Adolf

    Some mathematical aspects of the Music theory by Johannes Kepler are discussed, paying a special attention to the book "De harmonice mundi". Other scientists interested in Music theory are mentioned throughout the paper: The Pythagorean school, Klaudios Ptolemaios, Leonard Euler, Gottfried Wilhelm Leibniz, Christian von Goldbach, Hermann Ludwig Ferdinand von Helmholz, Karl Friedrich Gauss. The relation with the ancient chinese schools of cosmography has been discussed: From the the Pythagorean to the ancient Chinese schools of cosmography we find arithmo-geometrical applications of numbers which are emblematic, hold meaning or represent the essence of things, the author writes. It was Johannes Kepler who taught us this "transconstructive method" of forming classical and ancient begginings of structuralistic thinking into a system from which deductions can readily be made.

  7. O neoliberalismo como um dos fundamentos da educação domiciliar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Romualdo Luiz Portela de Oliveira

    Full Text Available Resumo Este artigo tem como objetivo analisar o neoliberalismo como um dos fundamentos da educação domiciliar, fenômeno de interesse crescente no Brasil, dada a tentativa de regulamentá-lo no país. Para tanto, foram tomados como referência três autorizados representantes do neoliberalismo: Friedrich Hayek; Milton Friedman e Ludwig von Mises e a reiterada preocupação destes com as liberdades, sobretudo as individuais. O artigo argumenta que o neoliberalismo se apresenta como uma das correntes teóricas que também dá suporte ao homeschooling, tendo como ponto crucial de sua fundamentação a rejeição da compulsoriedade da educação escolar, o que gera fortes implicações para o debate educacional, principalmente como desafios à escola pública compulsória.

  8. Is Neoliberalism Weberian?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ossandón, José

    2014-01-01

    Like a sociological detective of ideas, professor of sociology at the University of Warwick Nicholas Gane (2012, 2014 a, b) has been following the traces of social scientific thought in neoliberalism. The initial clue was given by Michel Foucault who in his Birth of Biopolitics argued that Max...... Weber’s work not only influenced critical theorists such as Adorno and Horkheimer but also one of the main branches within neoliberal thinking, German ordoliberalism. While Gane’s research ended up finding Foucault’s Weber-Ordoliberals connections rather thin, the investigation took him to an even more...... worrying result, namely, Weber’s influence on the work of Ludwig von Mises and his followers in Vienna, including the über neoliberal Friedrich Hayek....

  9. O zjawisku alienacji w perspektywie rozwoju teorii krytycznej. Feuerbach - Marks - szkoła frankfurcka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Malwina Rolka

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In my paper I undertake the issue of alienation, that appears at the same sources of modern thought and develops according to the growing consciousness of its conditions and consequences. The first articulation of the phenomenon of alienation we can find in the works of Jean Jacques Rousseau, but its conceptual expression was formulated in the philosophy of Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel. The progress of discourse of alienation in the analyses of Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx and the members of Frankfurt School reveals its essence that depends on the elimination of the personal status of individual. The attempts of overcoming the phenomenon of alienation undertaken by mentioned thinkers leaves the problem unresolved, because of the distinctive feature of all these attempts is mediation the conceptions of human being in limited perspective (concerning individual as mere exemplar of species or as a passive result of an external conditions.

  10. Zeit im Wandel der Zeit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aichelburg, P. C.

    Contents: Einleitung(P. C. Aichelburg). 1. Über Zeit, Bewegung und Veränderung (Aristoteles). 2. Ewigkeit und Zeit (Plotin). 3. Was ist die Zeit? (Augustinus). 4. Von der Zeit (Immanuel Kant). 5. Newtons Ansichten über Zeit, Raum und Bewegung (Ernst Mach). 6. Über die mechanische Erklärung irreversibler Vorgänge (Ludwig Boltzmann). 7. Das Maß der Zeit (Henri Poincaré). 8. Dauer und Intuition (Henri Bergson). 9. Die Geschichte des Unendlichkeitsproblems (Bertrand Russell). 10. Raum und Zeit (Hermann Minkowski). 11. Der Unterschied von Zeit und Raum (Hans Reichenbach). 12. Newtonscher und Bergsonscher Zeitbegriff (Norbert Wiener). 13. Die Bildung des Zeitbegriffs beim Kinde (JeanPiaget).14. Eine Bemerkung über die Beziehungen zwischen Relativitätstheorie und der idealistischen Philosophie (Kurt Gödel). 15. Der zweite Hauptsatz und der Unterschied von Vergangenheit und Zukunft (Carl Friedrich v. Weizsäcker). 16. Zeit als physikalischer Begriff (Friedrich Hund). 17. Zeitmessung und Zeitbegriff in der Astronomie (Otto Heckmann). 18. Kann die Zeit rückwärts gehen? (Martin Gardner). 19. Zeit und Zeiten (Ilya Prigogine, Isabelle Stengers). 20. Zeit als dynamische Größe in der Relativitätstheorie (P. C. Aichelburg).

  11. Theory-driven specifications of utility theory. A reply to Kelle/Ludemann and Opp/Friedrichs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lindenberg, S

    Assumptions on initial conditions of a theory can be ''thin'' if they simply allow an application of the theory and are mainly a matter of empirical assessment, or can be ''thick'' if they are adding decisive content to the theory and if they come about under explicit theoretical guidance (even when

  12. Lootus : [luuletused] / Friedrich Schiller ; tlk. Ain Kaalep, Rein Sepp, Paul Viiding, Eduard Roos, Jaan Kross, Jakob Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Schiller, Friedrich, 1759-1805

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Lootus ; Õhtu ; Brutus ja Caesar ; Laura klaveri ees ; Rousseau ; Grupp Tartarosest ; Rõõmule ; Palvekiri ; Hektori lahkumine ; Kunstnikud ; Laulu võim ; Metafüüsik ; Ideaal ja elu ; Maailma jaotamine ; Neiu võõrsilt ; Külvaja ; Odysseus ; Kolumbus ; Antiikkultuur rändurile Põhjast ; Zeus Heraklesele ; Kõrgeim ; Laps hällis ; Surematus ; Võti ; Astronoomilised teosed ; Parim riik ; Minu usk ; Sõber ja vaenlane ; Harv seos ; Nooruse lätted ; Naiste otsus ; Ootus ja täitumine ; Ühine saatus ; Looduseuurijad ja transtsendentaalfilosoofid ; Ohtlik tulemus ; Anonüümne jõgi ; Valgus ja soojus ; Neiu kaebus ; Ühele moralistile ; Goethele ; Pagulane ; Saksa muusa ; Uue sajandi saabumine ; Punshilaul ; Mäelaul ; Polykratese sõrmus ; Rüütel Toggenburg ; Kinnas ; Alpi kütt ; Sõpradele. Eluloolisi andmeid autori kohta lk. 239

  13. Dall'individualita' dispersa al grande tipo. Problema della decadenza e costruzione del Sé nel pensiero di Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Filippo Casati

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The essay investigates the problem of Self-construction in latest Nietzsche’s thought and its relation with the question of decadence. The identity crisis of Western civilisation, the break-up of the ethical and cultural ground of modern European societies, become at the same time the opportunity for a radical renewal of humanity, the starting point for a great «anthropotechnical experiment» aimed at shaping a new human «type», a new model for a Post-Christian ethos.

  14. Cuidados médicos de si e resistência nos textos autobiográficos de Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Pereira Andrade

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available Devido à sua doença crônica, Nietzsche foi incitado a adotar o saber médico-psiquiátrico do final do século XIX para escrever sobre si. Contudo, Nietzsche converteu esse conhecimento médico em uma preocupação ética, estabelecendo um novo cuidado de si e realizando uma série de ensaios consigo mesmo. Com isso, constituiu uma nova experiência que escapava à objetivação e ao esquadrinhamento do saber científico e voltou o próprio discurso médico-psiquiátrico contra o biopoder e seus mecanismos disciplinares e bio-regulamentadores.

  15. [The "secret book" of Dr Friedrich Benjamin Osiander: anonymous births in the Göttingen Accouchierhaus, 1794-1819].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlumbohm, Jürgen

    2014-01-01

    The problem of anonymous or confidential deliveries, a subject of current controversy, has a long history. Some maternity hospitals offered the possibility for "clandestine" births as early as the 18th and 19th century. A recently emerged source about the maternity clinic of Göttingen University allows insight into the motives that led to keeping a birth secret and the consequences of such a clandestine birth for mother, father and child. The director of the institution, a professor of obstetrics, wrote case reports on the women, who paid a handsome sum for his help and the in-patient care they received. In return, these women could be admitted under a pseudonym, and thus falsify their child's birth certificate; moreover they were not used as teaching material for medical students and midwife apprentices, whereas "regular" patients had to give their names and, in return for being treated free of charge, be available for teaching purposes. The ten cases that have been painstakingly investigated reveal that the reasons that led the women and men to opt for an anonymous birth were manifold, that they used this offer in different ways and with different consequences. All of these pregnancies were illegitimate, of course. In one case the expectant mother was married. In several cases it would be the father who was married. Most of the women who gave birth secretly seem to have given the professor their actual details and he kept quiet about them--with the exception of one case where he revealed the contents of the case report many years later in an alimony suit. Only one of the men admitted paternity openly, but many revealed their identity implicitly by registering the pregnant woman or by accompanying her to the clinic. If the birth was to be kept secret the child needed to be handed over to foster parents. By paying a lump sum that covered the usual fourteen years of parenting, one mother was able to avoid any later contact with her son. In most cases contact seems to have been limited to the payment of this boarding money. One of the couples married later and took in the twins that had been born clandestinely out of wedlock. One mother kept close contact with her son through intermediaries. All of the women who gave birth in this clandestine fashion received practical as well as financial support, often from the child's father or from a relative. Few of them came by themselves. In those days, only women who used the maternity hospital free of charge would have been as isolated in the difficult perinatal period as are women today who choose to deliver their babies anonymously.

  16. La teoría del ciclo económico de Friedrich von Hayek: causas monetarias, efectos reales

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gómez Betancourt Rebeca

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Este artículo propone una lectura simultánea de dos textos: La Teoría monetaria y el ciclo económico (1929 y Precios y producción (1931, con el objetivo de presentar la teoría de los ciclos económicos del joven Hayek, como un conjunto teórico congruente. Ambos textos poseen una unidad temática complementaria, que representa el pensamiento del joven Hayek. Este artículo, subraya la distinción entre el rol que juegan los factores reales y los monetarios en la coherencia de su teoría. Aunque Hayek demuestre que el dinero no es neutro, ya que existe una variación de la estructura de los precios relativos, su propósito era probar su neutralidad.

  17. The Changing View of Abortion: A Study of Friedrich Wolf's Cyankali and Arnold Zweig's Junge Frau von 1914

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sabine Schroeder-Krassnow

    1979-08-01

    Full Text Available With the end of the nineteenth century, women start becoming more independent, demanding more rights, making a place for themselves in society. The docile woman who is seduced by the socially higher male and in desperation commits infanticide begins to fade from literature. At the same time a new woman with a fresh vitality emerges and deals with the old problem of pregnancy and abortion. Two works which treat this type of woman are examined and the parallels as well as the differences between the portrayal are established. Although the heroines in Wolf's play and Zweig's novel come from different social backgrounds, they encounter almost identical problems in trying to have an abortion. Zweig's novel is more detailed in its account of the abortion than the play, and although it was written only two years after Wolf's play, Zweig takes the problem of the modern woman a big step further by not letting his heroine die as a result of the abortion.

  18. Robust Preconditioning Estimates for Convection-Dominated Elliptic Problems via a Streamline Poincaré--Friedrichs Inequality

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Axelsson, Owe; Karátson, J.; Kovács, B.

    2014-01-01

    Roč. 52, č. 6 (2014), s. 2957-2976 ISSN 0036-1429 R&D Projects: GA MŠk ED1.1.00/02.0070 Institutional support: RVO:68145535 Keywords : streamline diffusion finite element method * solving convection-dominated elliptic problems * convergence is robust Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 1.788, year: 2014 http://epubs.siam.org/doi/abs/10.1137/130940268

  19. Brief Study and Spanish Translation of Die Kunst das Clavier zu Spielen by Friedrich Wilhelm Marpurg (Berlin, Henning, 1750

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    María de las Nieves Pascual León

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper includes the fi rst Spanish version of F. W. Marpurg’s treaty Die Kunst das Clavier zu spielen, which had been restricted for the common Spanish-speaking reader since its fi rst appearance in 1750. This philological translation of the treaty (with the facsimile of the fi rst edition and its Spanish translation on the opposite page is instroduced by a brief study of the text’s various editions published during the author’s life, and pretends to offer an initial approach to the treaty, to facilitate the public’s access to the work and to contribute to its full disclosure.

  20. On the history of Ludwig von Bertalanffy’s “General Systemology”, and on its relationship to cybernetics – part III: convergences and divergences

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drack, Manfred; Pouvreau, David

    2015-01-01

    Bertalanffy’s so-called “general system theory” (GST) and cybernetics were and are often confused: this calls for clarification. In this article, Bertalanffy’s conceptions and ideas are compared with those developed in cybernetics in order to investigate the differences and convergences. Bertalanffy was concerned with first order cybernetics. Nonetheless, his perspectivist epistemology is also relevant with regard to developments in second order cybernetics, and the latter is therefore also considered to some extent. W. Ross Ashby’s important role as mediator between GST and cybernetics is analysed. The respective basic epistemological approaches, scientific approaches and inherent world views are discussed. We underline the complementarity of cybernetic and “organismic” trends in systems research within the unitary hermeneutical framework of “general systemology”. PMID:26612966

  1. Ladinia linguistica in una monumentale opera: Atlante linguistico del ladino dolomitico e dei dialetti limitrofi - ALD-1, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2000-12-01

    Full Text Available L'apparizione dell'atlante linguistico di un territorio romanzo va salutata con gioia, come una festa della ricerca scientifica in tale settore. E il sentimenta di gioia ci pervade quando sfogliamo i primi quattro volumi, in folio, dell 'ALD. Non solo per la mole e l'ampia concezione dell'opera, ma altrettanto e più ancora per il ricco materiale che l' ALD offre. A tutta l' equipe scientifica guidata dal rinomato romanista salisburghese prof. Hans Goebl che assieme a Lois Craffonara é anche ideatore dell 'opera, nonché ai collaboratori e all'editore vadano i nostri sinceri ringraziamenti. Ci sia permesso di aggiungere che la nostra rivista si pregia d'aver potuto ospitare alcuni studi scientifici del prof. Goebl, come anche del suo stretto collaboratore prof. Roland Bauer.

  2. Count Nicolaus Ludwig Von Zinzendorf’s Theory for Missions Portrayed at Herrnhut and by Selected 18th-20th Century Moravian Missions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-01-01

    the progressive methods in advanced missions with churches, schools, gardens, vineyards and orchards, sheep herding, gristmill, cutlery, printing press...pear tree soon became gardens, orchards and vineyards . His success led to Dutch Church and Boer farmer insistence that he leave. Hoping to return, he

  3. Gundula Ludwig, Birgit Sauer, Stefanie Wöhl (Hg.: Staat und Geschlecht. Grundlagen und aktuelle Herausforderungen feministischer Staatstheorie. Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlag 2010.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stefan Schoppengerd

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Der Sammelband bietet einen Überblick zu Grundlagen und aktuellen Forschungsgebieten der feministischen Staatstheorie. Aufgezeigt werden wesentliche Analyseinstrumente, die sich aus der feministischen Kritik der Trennung von Öffentlichkeit und Privatheit sowie aus der Auseinandersetzung mit anderen herrschaftskritischen sozialwissenschaftlichen Theorieströmungen ergeben, und ihr Gebrauchswert für verschiedene politikwissenschaftliche Anwendungsgebiete.The collected volume offers an overview of the fundamentals of as well as the most recent research areas for feminist theory of government. It highlights the important analytical tools developed by the feminist critique of the division between public and private as well as by examinations from other social scientific theories also critical of governance. Finally, it points to their applicability to different areas within the political sciences.

  4. Ladinia linguistica in una monumentale opera: atlante lunguistico del ladino dolomitico e dei dialetti limitrofi - ald-1, Dr. Ludwig Reichert Verlag, Wiesbaden 1998.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitja Skubic

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available L'apparizione dell'atlante linguistico di un territorio romanzo va salutata con gioia, come una festa della ricerca scientifica in tale settore. E il sentimento di gioia ci pervade quando sfogliamo i primi quattro vol umi, in folio, deli' ALD. Non sol oper la mole e l'ampia concezione dell'opera, ma altrettanto e più ancora per il ricco materiale che l 'ALD offre. A tutta l' équipe scientifica guidata dal rinomato romanista salisburghese prof. Hans Goebl che assieme a Lois Craffonara e anche ideatore deli' opera, nonché ai collaboratori è all'editore vadano i nostri sinceri ringraziamenti. Ci sia permesso di aggiungere che la nostra rivista si pregia d'aver potuto ospitare alcuni studi scientifici del prof. Goebl, come anche del suo stretto collaboratore prof. Roland Bauer.

  5. "Intelligence and Civilisation": A Ludwig Mond Lecture Delivered at the University of Manchester on 23rd October 1936 by Godfrey H. Thomson. A Reprinting with Background and Commentary

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deary, Ian J.; Lawn, Martin; Brett, Caroline E.; Bartholomew, David J.

    2009-01-01

    Here we reprint, and provide background and a commentary on, a recently-rediscovered lecture by Godfrey H. Thomson entitled, "Intelligence and civilisation." It was delivered at the University of Manchester, UK, on 23rd October, 1936, printed in 1937 in the short-lived "Journal of the University of Manchester" and as a pamphlet…

  6. Evaluation of Beilschmiedia Seed Gum as a Tablet Binder MN FEMI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Darmstadt, Germany). The tablet disintegration rates were determined using an Apex ... seeds were sun dried, crushed using a mortar and pestle and pulverized in a blender (Model 857,. Chrome white, Osterizer, U.S.A.) to produce the gum powder.

  7. Self-knowledge in the process of interpreting philosophical texts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. V. Kulik

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Modern philosophical researches pay attention to various aspects of self-knowledge investigation. For instance, there are works on historical concepts of self-knowledge (e.g. ones by C. Moore, or articles about the place of self-knowledge in the phenomenon of rationality (e.g. ones by J. Roessler, or articles about epistemological lacks of self-knowledge (e.g. ones by J. Fernández. However, our paper is about the aspect that is not in the researchers’ centre of attention. Our study shows that practicing of book reading can be a source of information not only about the content of the books, but also about their readers. We investigate a phenomenon of incompatible interpretations, Ludwig Wittgenstein’s ideas about understanding his texts, Merab Mamardashvili’s concept of ‘novel as a machine’, Ludwig Feuerbach’s theory of specifics of human cognition, and Philosophical Hermeneutics thinkers’ concepts about problems of understanding. The purpose of our paper is to describe possibilities of getting self-knowledge by analyzing the information about the results of philosophical texts reading. The research holds that these results give information about the content of the text as well as a reader’s ideas. A reader can use word forms from the texts to express his own implicit thoughts. Philosophical texts are the most effective tool for doing that because their content and ways of text organization stimulate such an activity. We illustrate these statements by examples from history of philosophy. For instance, we investigate the creation of the theory on the genealogy of morality by Friedrich Nietzsche. Analyzing phrases, which were important for him in the text, a person can estimate his own ideas. If one uses this theoretical model for getting self-knowledge he takes a new source of information about his own implicit ideas. The interpretation of this information will be effective. As a result of analyzing of Friedrich Schleiermacher

  8. Energy-oriented modernisation of prefabricated residential buildings in East Germany, illustrated by the example of large-panel buildings at Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10-18; Energetische Sanierung des industriell errichteten Wohnungsbaus in den neuen Bundeslaendern am Beispiel der Grossblockbauweise in Weimar, Ludwig-Feuerbach-Str. 10 bis 18

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Reiss, J.; Erhorn, H. [Fraunhofer-Institut fuer Bauphysik, Stuttgart (Germany); Augner, R.; Warnstedt, K. [Weimarer Wohnstaette GmbH, Weimar (Germany); Nitschke, S.; Wenzel, P. [Architektengemeinschaft Nitschke-Donath, Weimar (Germany)

    1997-12-31

    The demonstration object with 40 residential units is described in the condition prior to its redevelopment. The parts of the redevelopment concept dealing with energy conservation and design are discussed in detail. Further, the execution of the construction work and the measurements necessary to make a thermal and energetic analysis of the building are described. In tabulated form, heat energy consumption quantities are listed as a function of space air temperature. Similarly, the cost of redevelopment and area-specific costs of the thermal insulation systems installed at the building are indicated. (MSK) [Deutsch] Das Demonstrationsobjekt mit 40 Wohnungen wird in seinem Zustand vor der Sanierung beschrieben. Die energetischen Massnahmen des Sanierungskonzepts sowie gestalterische Massnahmen werden naeher erlaeutert. Weiter werden die Bauausfuehrung und die fuer die thermische und energetische Gebaeudeanalyse notwendigen Messungen beschrieben. Tabellarische werden die Heizwaermeverbraeuche in Abhaengigkeit von der Raumlufttemperatur aufgezeigt. Ebenso sind die Kosten fuer die Sanierung sowie die flaechenspezifischen Kosten fuer die am Gebaeude ausgefuehrten Daemmsysteme aufgefuehrt.

  9. Review on “The Counter-Revolution of Science. Studies on the Abuse of Reason” by Friedrich August von Hayek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mihaltchuk Nikolay Mihailovitch

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available The Austrian-English economist and social thinker Hayek sets the problem of "scientism" criticism, i.e. an illegal shift of methods from natural science to humanities. To solve this problem Hayek analyses the history of natural sciences and their separation from studies that are corroborated by historical experience (like jurisprudence, history, classic literature.

  10. Tragöödia sünd muusika vaimust / Friedrich Nietzsche ; tõlk. Jaanus Sooväli

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Nietzsche, Friedrich

    2007-01-01

    Filosoofiline käsitlus "kaunitest kunstidest" - kunst kui sügavaim metafüüsiline nähtus, milleta inimelu poleks elamisväärne. Viited Schopenhauerile, unenägudele, antiikmütoloogiale. Järgneb nr. 8, 9, lk. 21-26

  11. Die DDR zwischen Einheit und Abgrenzung : Höhepunkte aus der deutschen Geschichte als Paradigmen politischen Wandels : Luther, Friedrich II. und Bismarck

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Brinks, Jan Herman

    1991-01-01

    Im Jahre 1945 befand sich die Geschichte Deutschlands, darin besteht Konsens unter Historikern aller Richtungen, an einem ihrer tiefgreifendsten Wendepunkte. Die Ereignissein Hiroshima und in Potsdam im Sommer jenes Jahres, so urteilt Werner Conze, markieren einschneidenste Zäsuren der europdischen,

  12. Niilismo, Ressentimento e Patologia: A Filosofia de Schopenhauer como Sintoma da Decadência Cultural Europeia Segunda a Crítica de Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eli Vagner Rodrigues

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Pretende-se neste artigo abordar o problema da relação entre o ressentimento e a formação dos juízos morais presentes na obra de Schopenhauer a partir de uma perspectiva crítica proposta por Nietzsche que tem suas bases na constatação de que existe na ética ocidental um enfraquecimento das posturas afirmativas da vida como resultado de uma decadência fisiopatológica que influencia a ordem dos juízos morais sobre a existência humana. A ética niilista de Schopenhauer seria um exemplo de uma desagregação dos instintos afirmativos vitais configurando-se por isso como uma moral da fraqueza e, consequentemente um sintoma da decadência cultural europeia.

  13. Demócrito: o racionalismo como representação artística do mundo segundo o filósofo Friedrich Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Cristina dos Santos de Souza

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo visa apresentar o pensamento original de Nietzsche sobre a vida e a obra do filósofo grego Demócrito, o qual ele considera o ultimo caráter filosófico puro grego, extraído sobretudo das lições ministradas por Nietzsche na Universidade.

  14. Unsichere Zeiten – 34. kongres Deutsche Gesellschaft für Soziologie. Jena, Friedrich-Schiller-Universität, 6–10. října 2008

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Šafr, Jiří; Häuberer, Julia

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 45, č. 2 (2009), s. 480-482 ISSN 0038-0288 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) KJB700280603 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z70280505 Keywords : German sociological association Subject RIV: AO - Sociology, Demography Impact factor: 0.562, year: 2009

  15. The aesthetic as a mediator of the moral and the politics in the history of reason: An approach to aesthetic theory of Friedrich Schiller

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ricard Casadesús

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available Historic and rationalistic methods are for Schiller the only valid to truly understand the humanbeing. The great merit of Schiller was to have broken the subjectivity and the abstract nature of kantian thought and to have dared, under them, trying to catch by the thought the unity and the conciliation as constituent elements of the truth, and trying to artistically accomplish this conception. Schiller well-combines these three faculties of the spirit and offers an image of the whole man. These faculties, in Schiller, are converted in dynamic dialectic entities, those finally are combined in a higher harmony. So with this maybe built a state. Schiller comes to the conclusion that to solve the political question is necessary to passimmediately by the universe of the art because the way of liberty passes through the beauty.

  16. A Sinner or a Saint: the image of Mary, Queen of Scots in the works of Friedrich Schiller, Juliusz Słowacki and Stefan Zweig

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Melkov Andrey Sergeevich

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The artistic image of Mary, Queen of Scots in the works of F. Schiller, J. Słowacki and S. Zweig are researched in the article. The Queen’s life, character, inner world and psychological portrait appear on the pages of the classicists’ works in the context of the era she lived. The turbulent historical processes that took place in England and Scotland at the end of the Middle Ages and the beginning of the Early Modern Period led to the phenomenon of Mary Stuart’s personality. Obviously the creativity of the authors whose works were dedicated to Mary I of Scotland was influenced by the experience learned from the lessons of their time. It was reflected in the classicists’ analyses and description of the past. Romanticistsof the 19th century, F. Schiller and J. Słowacki, interpreted the personality of Mary Stuart in the sinner/saint dichotomy, but S. Zweig at the historic break in the 30s of the 20th century departed from the unilateralism of such an approach. In his romanced biography of Mary, Queen of Scots he tells about the rises and falls of his heroine. S. Zweig presents Mary I of Scotland as a wonderful, passionate and suffering woman, who even 400 years after her death inspires and excites peoples’ minds and hearts.

  17. Elisabeth Tüüringist (1207-1231) : läbipekstud ingel / Friedrich Prinz ; saksa keelest tõlk. Andreas Ardus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prinz, Friedrich

    2006-01-01

    Tüüringi, Hesseni, Saksa ordu, heategevusühingute, leskede, kerjuste ning süütult kannatajate kaitsepühaku Ungari Elisabethi elust ja tegevusest, tema seostest jutlustaja ja askeedi Marburgi Konradiga (1180/1200-1233)

  18. Bernard Clairvaux'st (1090-1153) : võitleja, organisaator, müstik / Friedrich Prinz ; saksa keelest tõlk. Andreas Ardus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Prinz, Friedrich

    2006-01-01

    Keskaja prantsuse pühaku Bernard Clairvaux' elust, tegevusest ja teoloogiast. Tema rollist tsistertslaste uute rangema distsipliiniga kloostrite rajamisel, ristisõjapropagandas ning Euroopat hõlmanud kirikulõhes

  19. 康德与施莱尔马赫至善学说评析%Comments on Immanuel Kant and Friedrich Schleiermacher' s Categorical Imperative

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张会永

    2013-01-01

    至善问题或者说德性与幸福的关系问题,是康德和施莱尔马赫伦理学所关注的核心问题,而二人对该问题的看法却迥然不同.康德论证了德性和幸福虽然具有不同性质,但是仍然可以作为至善的两个要素达到协调一致.施莱尔马赫严厉地批判了康德把二者联结起来的做法.他认为德性与幸福是相互冲突的,至善只有排除经验性的幸福要素,与道德法则相一致,才能真正有意义.康德和施莱尔马赫的至善学说都既有深刻的洞见,又有明显的缺陷,比较二人观点的得失对于我们重新思考德性与幸福的关系具有重要的借鉴意义.

  20. Karl Popper Y Friedrich Hayek: una luz sobre la naturaleza, objeto y método de la administración

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Francisco López Gallego

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available Con base en el reconocimiento de la existencia de un conocimiento objetivo sin sujeto cognoscente, propio del llamado “tercer mundo” poperiano, en primera instancia se intenta someter a examen el discurso administrativo –en tanto sistema de conocimientos– para determinar hasta qué punto es susceptible de ser construido mediante un método válido, con lo cual se aspira a establecer una discusión en torno a su naturaleza. En un segundo momento, se continúa con la presentación del método que Popper reclama para las ciencias sociales en general, devenido de la economía, el cual sería también el apropiado para nuestra disciplina. Finalmente, se pretende delimitar un objeto de estudio propio de dicho sistema de conocimientos, a partir de la diferencia que F. Hayek establece entre los órdenes sociales artificiales y espontáneos.

  1. Wokół własności. Próba uporządkowania stanowisk w filozofii politycznej (PRIVATE PROPERTY. AN ATTEMPT AT CLASSIFICATION THE KEY POSITIONS IN POLITICAL PHILOSOPHY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dariusz Juruś

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available In the paper the author proposes a new model of political spectrum. Instead - as so far - arranging political philosophies in two or four dimensional diagrams (from the left to the right, from the top to the bottom he suggests a form of spiral, where political philosophies evolve naturally from amoralistic anarchism to communism. He also puts some names of philosophers who represent respective political views. Thus we start from amoralistic anarchism by Max Stirner, then we have moralistic anarchism by Murray N. Rothbard, then moralistic minarchism by Robert Nozick, which in turn evolves into utilitarian minarchism by Ludwig von Mises, then utilitarian liberalism by Friedrich A. von Hayek, socialist liberalism by John Rawls and socialism leading to communism by Karl Marx. In this model one organizes political views not as usually around the concept of freedom (personal and economic, but around the concept of private property. Therefore we are able to include in this model anarchism, which is usually ignored, as a non-political view.

  2. [Contribution of Berlin clinics and especially the Charité to the development of modern anesthesia in Germany].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wauer, H J; Kühne, H; Kox, W J

    2000-01-01

    Soon after announcement of the first American ether anesthesias in 1846 one started to anesthetize with ether in Europe. The first ether anesthesia in Germany took place on January 24th, 1947, and was given by Johann Ferdinand Heyfelder in Erlangen. Two weeks later the first ether anesthesia in Berlin was given on February 6th, 1847, by the orthopaedic surgeon Heimann-Wolff Berend. On February 12th, 1847, the surgeon Johann Friedrich Dieffenbach used ether to anesthetize a patient in the Berlin university hospital. Still in 1847 he published his book "The Ether against Pain" which used to be the standard textbook of anesthesia in Germany for many years to come. On February 15th, 1847, Johann Christian Jüngken operated his first patient under ether anesthesia in the surgical department of the Charité hospital assisted by Rudolf Virchow. Since then several famous Berlin surgeons influenced the development of modern anesthesia until the middle of the 20th century. The nitrous oxide bottle was introduced into practice by the Barth company in cooperation with the dentist Carl Sauer and Kurt Schimmelbusch introduced his mask for ether anesthesia. Carl Ludwig Schleich reported at the German congress of surgery in 1894 about his first experience with infiltration anesthesia. Spinal anesthesia developed by August Bier in Kiel was improved during his time in Berlin.

  3. “The Suffering of an Ascetic”: On Linguistic and Ascetic Self-misunderstanding in Wittgenstein and Nietzsche

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter K Westergaard

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This paper outlines an interpretation of Ludwig Wittgenstein’s remark in the Big Typescript in which he compares the philosopher bewitched by the workings of language to “the suffering of an ascetic”. The interpretation takes as its starting point Friedrich Nietzsche’s terse account of the philosopher, the history of philosophy, and his diagnosis of ascetic self-misunderstanding, from the Third Essay, “What do ascetic ideals mean?”, in On the Genealogy of Morality. In its assumption of an affinity between Wittgenstein’s remark and Nietzsche’s descriptions, and in its analysis, this paper introduces a “method of voice borrowing” to approach the question: “Wittgenstein and Nietzsche?” The juxtaposition of Wittgenstein’s conception of the philosopher’s linguistic self-misunderstanding with Nietzsche’s notion of the ascetic self-misunderstanding leads finally to the question of what is gained by introducing this method, and hence by reading Wittgenstein’s remark on the suffering of an ascetic with the help of Nietzsche’s voice.

  4. [Medical history as an academic subject at the Bamberg University].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Locher, W

    2000-01-01

    A full program of medicine was taught at the Catholic University of Bamberg (founded 1648 as the Academia Ottonia) from 1773 through 1803. Within this period of time, the History of Medicine was taught from 1790 through 1795 by Johann Baptist Dominicus Fin(c)k. This paper elucidates how in this instance protestant universities served as models for catholic universities. Interestingly, it was not the medical faculty itself which developed an interest in teaching medical history. Rather, it was Adalbert Friedrich Marcus (1753-1816), physician-in-waiting of the Prince-Bishop Franz Ludwig von Erthal and medical officer in the principality of Bamberg since June 22, 1790, who was charged by the Prince-Bishop with developing guidelines for medical education. The start of the History of Medicine lectures brought with it a heated dispute about an appropriate textbook. The discussion is evidence of a transition from historiography understood as an account of learned doctors of the past to a study of history in a modern sense.

  5. [The influence of music on pictorial expression of young women--a comparative study of different music styles].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schiltz, L; Maugendre, M; Brytek-Matera, A

    2010-01-01

    Questing one's personal identity and developing a coherent representation of oneself, the other and the world are major tasks in adolescence. Research showed that a satisfactory resolution of the crisis of adolescence can be favoured by psychological counselling based on artistic mediations. The objective of this study consisted in exploring the effect of music on the pictorial expression of a non clinical sample of female adolescents (N=157) aged from 17 to 28 years. We analysed free drawings realised by the test group with the help of a rating scale constructed in a phenomenological and structural perspective (Schiltz, 2006). The adolescents painted under musical induction. We proposed three different styles of music, i.e. baroque music (Georg Friedrich Händel and Johann Sebastian Bach), classical music (Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart and Ludwig van Beethoven) and polish ethnical music (Kapela ze Wsi Warszawa-Warsaw Village Band). By using non parametric inferential and multi dimensional statistics, we could show that structural characteristics of music styles lead to differences in formal and content variables on the rating scales for the pictures. The results of our exploratory study open some tracks for future research. It would be pertinent to enlarge the population to other categories of age and to investigate the influence of gender.

  6. Marxova filosofická antropologie

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Landa, Ivan

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 63, č. 3 (2015), s. 339-355 ISSN 0015-1831 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Karl Marx * Ludwig Feuerbach * Ludwig Wittgenstein * human nature * anthropological difference * species being * life form * alienation Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  7. Neuer Atheismus: New Atheism in Germany

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Thomas Zenk

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Matthias Knutzen (born 1646 – died after 1674 was the first author we know of who self-identified as an atheist (Schröder 2010: 8. Before this, the term had solely been used pejoratively to label others. While Knutzen is almost completely forgotten now, authors such as Ludwig Feuerbach, Karl Marx, Friedrich Nietzsche, or Sigmund Freud are better remembered and might even be considered classic writers in the history of the atheist criticism of religion. Whatever may be said about the influence of any one of these authors, there is no doubt that Germany looks back on a notable history in this field. About a decade ago, Germany’s capital Berlin was even dubbed ‘the world capital of atheism’ by the American sociologist Peter L. Berger (2001: 195.Given this situation, I am bewildered by the expression ‘New Atheism’. Yet, undoubtedly, the term has become a catchphrase that is commonly used in the public discourse of several countries. The most prominent authors to be labelled ‘New Atheists’ are Richard Dawkins (The God Delusion, 2006, Daniel Dennett (Breaking the Spell: Religion as a Natural Phenomenon, 2006, Sam Harris (The End of Faith: Religion, Terror, and the Future of Reason, 2004, and Letter to a Christian Nation, 2006, and Christopher Hitchens (God Is Not Great: How Religion Poisons Every­thing, 2007. These authors and their books – all of them international bestsellers – have been intensely discussed around the world, including in Germany. In this paper, I intend to illuminate some of the characteristics and remarkable traits of the German discourse on the ‘New Atheism’. Here we can distinguish between two phases. The German media initially characterised ‘New Atheism’ as a rather peculiarly American phenomenon. However, it soon came to be understood to be a part of German culture as well.

  8. Unterrichtsentwurf: Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalie Fridrich

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Nathalie Friedrichs proposes the following lesson plan for the senior classes of the German Gymnasium (grammar-school: „Die Entwicklung eines nationalen Identitätsbewusstseins in den von Napoleon besetzten Ländern“ (The Development of a National Sense of Identity in the Countries Occupied by Napeoleon.The central question, however, is whether this new German national consciousness at the dawn of the 19th century can be traced back to Napoleon’s reign in the Rhineland region or whether it emerged during the wars of liberation as a result of a firm rejection of Napoleon.The following materials will be given to the pupils beforhand: A short preparatory text with essential background information, a pithy quote , and two historical sources, namely the appeal of Ludwig Adolf Peter Graf von Sayn-Wittgenstein to support the war of liberation, and another more francophile source by the physician Adolf Kußmaul. The latter source points in the direction of a positive experience during the time of French occupation and therefore relativises the claim of a German patriotism as a direct result of the war against France. From a didactical viewpoint, the lesson aims to develop the prerequisites for a critical analysis of historical source texts and different points of view on the topic. Finally, a table listing the respective pros and cons of the Napoleonic arguments is sketched out, visualising the perspectives of the students and leading to the final discussion, which should produce answers to the questions of the role of Napoleon for the Germans.

  9. O déficit da previdência social e os reflexos do pensamento neoconservador nos direitos previdenciários no Brasil, México e Chile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Toralles dos Santos Braga

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available O presente trabalho pretende buscar elementos e mecanismos institucionais para uma reflexão que subsidie o debate em torno da influência do pensamento neoconservador nas reformas operadas na legislação previdenciária de países em desenvolvimento como Brasil, México e Chile. Na primeira parte há a demonstração de como o neoconservadorismo afetou os direitos sociais previdenciários nas últimas décadas, através do estudo dos expoentes deste momevimento: Ludwig Von Misses, Milton Friedman e Friedrich Augusto Von Hayek. Na segunda parte, busca-se fazer uma relação entre as influências do pensamento neoliberal nas reformas operadas na legislação previdenciária do Brasil após a promulgação da Constituição da República Federativa do Brasil, em 1988. Após, procura-se demonstrar as consequências dessa influência através de breve relato sobre as experiências vividas por países também em desenvolvimento como México e Chile. Ao final, são apresentados dados que embasam o questionamento sobre o déficit da Previdência Social no Brasil, em busca de uma barreira de contenção para o hegemônico discurso neoconservador.

  10. Examining the Moral Development of Emerging Adult Student-Athletes: The Connection to Engaged Leadership Practices

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Kristie M.

    2017-01-01

    With university mission statements focused on preparing emerging adult students for globally inclusive professional careers, moral and leadership development has become a central focus of many colleges and universities (Bass, 1991; Binghamton University, 2016; Zimmerman-Oster & Burkhardt, 1999). Colleges and universities utilize interactions…

  11. 75 FR 7306 - Petition for Waiver of the Terms of the Order Limiting Scheduled Operations at LaGuardia Airport

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-02-18

    ... out `Spheres of Influence' in the U.S. Airline Industry,'' Strategic Management Journal 101 at 110... Influence' in the U.S. Airline Industry,'' Strategic Management Journal 101 at 110. \\11\\ See, e.g., Oster... for sending your comments electronically. Mail: Send comments to the Docket Management Facility; US...

  12. Luuleline asu-andmine ja loov kehtestamine / Eduard Parhomenko

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Parhomenko, Eduard

    2007-01-01

    Saksakeelsest mõistest "Stiftung". Martin Heidegger Freidrich Hölderlini luulest. Sisaldab katkendeid Viivi Luige esseedest, Friedrich Nietzcshe, Dieter Heinrichi ja Martin Heideggeri töödest ning Friedrich Hölderlini loomingust

  13. Forum Academicum in itinere : [juriidiliste formularide kogumik] / tõlkinud Nele Siimre ... [jt.] ; Forum Academicum Inter Nationes ; koost. Andrus Miilaste ; toim. Virve Tamm, Andrus Miilaste ; eess.: Peter-Friedrich Krienitz

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    1996-01-01

    Sisaldab ka: Õigusriigi ülesanded : säilitada ja muuta / Ingo von Münch, tlk. Mari Tarvas, Andrus Miilaste ; Inglismaa konstitutsioonist. Seadusandluse vaimust / Charles Montesquieu, tlk. Kattri Türk ; Loodusseadus. Seadustest / Cicero, tlk. Kattri Türk

  14. Reflexe politické linie Kominterny na přelomu 20. - 30. let v materiálech německé sociální demokracie. Archiv der deutschen sozialen Demokratie, Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Bonn

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Voráček, Emil

    2007-01-01

    Roč. 93, č. 4 (2007), s. 580-583 ISSN 0037-6922 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR(CZ) IAA800150603 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z80150510 Keywords : history * Comintern * communist movement Subject RIV: AB - History

  15. Eraomandi puutumatuse õigus sõja ajal : loomuõiguslik aspekt ja Friedrich von Martensi käsitlused : [magistritöö] / Indrek Olmaru ; Akadeemia Nord, õigusteaduskond ; juhendaja: Peeter Järvelaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Olmaru, Indrek

    2004-01-01

    Filosoofia järgi joonduva rahvusvahelise õiguse areng, F. von Martens tsiviliseeritud rahvaste vahelisest õigusest, Martensi klausli ratsionaalne järelkonstruktsioon, sõjaõiguse areng, eraomand vaenlase territooriumil sõja ajal ja vaenlase käest võidetud territooriumil

  16. Efectividad y supervivencia de Romanomermis culicivorax en criaderos naturales de larvas de mosquitos

    OpenAIRE

    Pérez-Pacheco, Rafael; Santamarina-Mijares, Alberto; Vásquez-López, Alfonso; Martínez-Tomás, Sabino H.; Suárez-Espinosa, Javier

    2009-01-01

    Los mosquitos (Díptera: Culicidae) son transmisores de agentes causales de paludismo, dengue y encefalitis del Nilo occidental y causan fuertes molestias a los humanos. El objetivo del presente estudio fue determinar el efecto de aplicar 500 y 1000 nemátodos, Romanomermis culicivorax Ross y Smith, por metro cuadrado en poblaciones de larvas de Anopheles albimanus Wiedeman, Culex nigipalpus Theobald y Uranotaenia sapphirina Oster-Sacken, para su control en 13 criaderos naturales. El diseño exp...

  17. Man, Economy and Free Market: the Approach of M.N. Rothbard

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir V. Maltsev

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The aims of the paper are to highlight the main contributions of Rothbard to the development of the economic science through analyzing his most significant works and to explain his unique influence on the intellectual tradition of the Austrian School of Economics. In the XXI century, the Austrian School is exerting a significant influence on the development of economics and its application to the realm of public policy. More economists respond positively towards fundamental Austrian ideas and the academic journals are more accepting of the works in this line of thought. In the past century only a few economists were aware of the Austrian’s school existence and many disagreed with its methods and conclusions. At the present, the Austrian school’s ideas are situated much closer to the economic mainstream, because the accepted paradigm grew to accept some of its ideas. When mentioning the Austrian School in the Russian economic discussions, mostly the names of Friedrich Hayek or Ludwig von Mises or Israel Kirzner can be mentioned. However, many important scholars are still being left out. One of those scholars is Murray Newton Rothbard. In 2016, it is 90 years since his birth. Few economists are capable of creating such a great volume of work that can provide a heated discussion twenty years after the author’s death. Rothbard, being the student of Mises, became a leading representative of the Austrian School in the United States. He built upon and significantly expanded the economic analysis of his mentor in his fundamental work “Man, Economy and State with Power and Market” (2004. Rothbard gained recognition among the Austrian paradigm due to his innovative developments in questions of methodology, utility, welfare, monopoly and money. He also successfully applied the Austrian theory to explain such important historical events as the Great Depression in his book «America’s Great Depression» (2000 or the genesis and development of the

  18. A Fatal Fad? Tongue Studs Cause More Problems Than Chipped Teeth

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... a fatal infection, such as Ludwig's angina or endocarditis, according to a report in the May/June 2004 issue of General Dentistry , the Academy of General Dentistry's (AGD) clinical, peer-reviewed journal. Ludwig's angina, a bacterial infection of the floor of the mouth, occurs ...

  19. Culture as a monastic rule

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    2018-01-01

    A conference paper about Peter Sloterdijk's erratic interpretation of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein as an example of cultural elitism.......A conference paper about Peter Sloterdijk's erratic interpretation of the philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein as an example of cultural elitism....

  20. Modeling Trans-Scale Social Processes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-05-01

    community as an ecology of games • Ludwig Wittgenstein , 1958 – Philosophical investigations • Harold Garfinkel, 1963 – A concept of, and experiments with...and realize qualitative game insights Multigame interactions Ludwig Wittgenstein . Family Resemblances among Games • Consider the proceedings

  1. Art history in nineteenth-century Estonia? / Rene Mäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jõekalda, Kristjan, 1971-

    2015-01-01

    Kunstiajaloodistsipliini teke Baltikumis, Tartu Ülikooli kunstiajaloo-alane tegevus. Kunstiajaloo esimesed viljelejad Eesti alal: Gotthard von Hansen, Friedrich Amelung, Reinhold Guleke ja Wilhelm Neumann

  2. Ein Paradigma, das es weiter zu konkretisieren gilt. Der Begriff der Mediatisierung bei Krotz

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans-Dieter Kübler

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Rezension zu: Krotz, Friedrich. 2007. Mediatisierung: Fallstudien zum Wandel von Kommunikation. 1. Aufl. Medien - Kultur - Kommunikation. Wiesbaden: VS Verlag für Sozialwissenschaften.

  3. « New Persian glosses in East Syriac texts of the eighth to tenth centuries », in : Ludwig Paul, ed., Persian origins: Early Judaeo-Persian and the emergence of New Persian: collected papers of the symposium, Göttingen 1999. Wiesbaden, Harrassowitz,

    OpenAIRE

    Rédaction,

    2007-01-01

    Study of twenty-five Persian glosses, including some hapax legomena, that are contained in three East-Syriac commentaries on the Pentateuch and show southwestern dialectal features contrasting with the northeastern ones of Classical New Persian in Arabic script.

  4. Die Umsetzung der Leitlinien für Fakultäts-interne Leistungsnachweise am Lehrbereich Allgemeimedizin der Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität (LMU München [Realisation of the guidelines for faculty-internal exams at the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Boeder, Niklas

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available [english] Graded exams are prerequisites for the admission to the medical state examination. Accordingly the exams must be of good quality in order to allow benchmarking with the faculty and between different universities. Criteria for good quality need to be considered - namely objectivity, validity and reliability. The guidelines for the processing of exams published by the GMA are supposed to help maintaining those criteria. In 2008 the Department of General Medicine at the University of Munich fulfils only 14 of 18 items. A review process, appropriate training of the staff and the introduction of the IMSm software were the main changes that helped to improve the ‘GMA-score’ to 30 fulfilled items. We see the introduction of the IMSm system as our biggest challenge ahead. IMSm helps to streamline the necessary workflow and improves their quality (e.g. by the detection of cueing, item analysis. Overall, we evaluate the steps to improve the exam process as very positive. We plan to engage co-workers outside the department to assist in the various review processes in the future. Furthermore we think it might be of value to get into contact with other departments and faculties to benefit from each other’s question pools.[german] Benotete Prüfungen sind Voraussetzung für die Zulassung zum zweiten Abschnitt der Ärztlichen Prüfung (Staatsexamen in der Medizin. Daraus lässt sich die Notwendigkeit ableiten, qualitativ hochwertige Prüfungen zu konzipieren, die einen Leistungsvergleich unter Absolventen einer Fakultät und darüber hinaus auch interfakultär erlauben. Hierbei sind Kernqualitätsmerkmale Objektivität, Validität und Reliabilität zu beachten. Die im Leitlinienkatalog der GMA genannten Kriterien sollen die Qualität der Prüfungen sicherstellen. Das Prüfungskonzept des Lehrbereichs Allgemeinmedizin an der LMU erreichte bei Betrachtung der MC-Klausur 2008 nur 14 von 48 möglichen Kriterien. Ein fest eingeplanter Review-Prozess, stetige Weiterbildung des Prüfungsverantwortlichen und die Einführung der Prüfungsverwaltungssoftware IMSm waren Kernpunkte der Veränderung. Heute liegen die Anzahl der erreichten GMA-Kriterien bei 30. Besonders die Einführung der Prüfungsverwaltungssoftware IMSm wurde als zukunftsweisend betrachtet. Die eingebauten Review-Elemente des Systems erleichtern die Etablierung dieser Prozesse und erhöhen die Qualität der Fragen (Item-Analyse, Erkennung von Cueing und weiteren Problemen im Review-Prozess. Die aktuellen Verbesserungsmaßnahmen sind im Sinne einer Qualitätssicherung der Prüfungen als sehr positiv zu bewerten. Es erscheint erstrebenswert, den Kontakt zu Prüfungsverantwortlichen anderer Fakultäten zu suchen, um durch Vernetzung der gegenseitigen Fragepools zu profitieren.

  5. Ola Hansson ja Georg Brandes : märkusi Nietzsche esimese retseptsiooni kohta / Alessandro Fambrini ; tlk. Mart Kivimäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Fambrini, Alessandro

    2006-01-01

    F. Nietzsche loomingu mõjudest skandinaavia kirjandusele. Taanlase Georg Brandese käsitlusest "Friedrich Nietzsche. Traktaat aristokraatlikust radikalismist" ja rootslase Ola Hanssoni esseest "Friedrich Nietzsche. Tema süsteemi ja isiksuse piirjooned", autorite omavahelistest vastuoludest ja poleemikast seoses F. Nietzsche loomingu käsitlemisega

  6. Tartu Ülikooli kümme geeniust / Alo Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Alo

    2007-01-01

    Valik Tartu Ülikoolis 375 aasta jooksul kõige rohkem maailmateadust mõjutanud teadlasi: Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Stuve, Martin Heinrich Rathke, Karl Ernst von Baer, Karl Wilhelm von Kupffer, Juri Lotman, Ludvig Puusepp Nikolai Pirogov, Ernst Öpik, Ivan Kondakov, Karl Bücher, Karl Friedrich Burdach ja Gustav Teichmüller

  7. Antichrist - Chaos Reigns

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thomsen, Bodil Marie Stavning

    2009-01-01

    En analyse af de haptiske billeders betydning i Lars von Triers film, Antichrist, med baggrund i såvel Friedrich Nietzsches Antichrist (1888) som Andrei Tarkovskijs Offeret (1986).......En analyse af de haptiske billeders betydning i Lars von Triers film, Antichrist, med baggrund i såvel Friedrich Nietzsches Antichrist (1888) som Andrei Tarkovskijs Offeret (1986)....

  8. Armeenlane Abovjan ja kaks Parrotit : Tartu kuulsad nimed / Malle Salupere

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Salupere, Malle, 1931-

    2009-01-01

    Oktoobri kekskel peeti TÜ aulas konverents-aktus TÜ kasvandiku ja Armeenia rahvavalgustaja Hatšatur Abovjani 200. sünniaastapäeva puhul. Juttu oli ka Johann Jacob Friedrich Wilhelm Parrotist, kes Abovjani Tartusse tõi ja TÜ rektor Georg Friedrich Parrotist

  9. The most direct and precise radiocarbon date for the Minoan eruption of Santorini

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friedrich, Walter L.; Heinemeier, Jan

    for the Minoan eruption. Together with a second olive tree, excavated only 9 meters from the first one, it enables us to repeat the earlier measurements of the first tree 2006 (Friedrich, W.L . Kromer, B Friedrich, M. Heinemeier, J. Pfeiffer, T. Talamo, S. Santorini Eruption Radiocarbon Dated to 1627-1600 BC...

  10. Hölderlin's Idea of "Bildungstrieb": A Model from Yesteryear?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Waibel, Violetta L.

    2018-01-01

    The term "Bildungstrieb", which was used toward the end of the eighteenth century by thinkers like Johann Gottfried Herder, Immanuel Kant, or Friedrich Schiller, but which is obsolete in today's vernacular, was of great importance for Friedrich Hölderlin. In this article, I explore the historical roots of this concept in the biology of…

  11. Døden, ånden og historien i kunsten. En analyse af historiebegrebernt med eksempel i Bertel Thorvaldsen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Henrik

    2003-01-01

    Berteæ Thorvaldsen, J.F.G. Hegel, Friedrich Nietzche, Erwin Panofsky, Hayden White, Jacques Derrida, Kunsthistorie, historie, skulptur, æstetik......Berteæ Thorvaldsen, J.F.G. Hegel, Friedrich Nietzche, Erwin Panofsky, Hayden White, Jacques Derrida, Kunsthistorie, historie, skulptur, æstetik...

  12. Bunge-aegne Tartu / Tiit Rosenberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Rosenberg, Tiit, 1946-

    2013-01-01

    Varem ilmunud kogumikus Tundmatu Friedrich Georg von Bunge : materjale Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi konverentsilt "200 aastat prof. Friedrich Georg von Bunge (1802-1897) sünnist" Tartu Ülikooli Ajaloo Muuseumis 27. aprillil 2002 : [baltisaksa õigusteadlane ja -ajaloolane]. Tartu, 2006

  13. Mu süda on mägedes : [luuletused] / Robert Burns ; tlk. Ralf Parve, Ants Oras, Urmas Tõnisson, Kullo Vende, Mart Mäger, Georg Eduard Luiga, Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwald, Karl August Hermann, Johannes Vau, Lydia Koidula, Ado Grenzstein

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Burns, Robert, 1759-1796

    2006-01-01

    Sisu: Mu süda on mägedes ; Hing mägises Shotis ; Mu isa oli farmer ; Künnipoiss ; Noor neiu vanal mehel ; Vana Rob Morris ; Meg veskilt ; Veski-Meg ; Willie pruulis õlut ; John Odratera ; Hägisele ; Shotlased, nüüd seiske kindlad! ; Invernessi neid ; Kuradi tants aktsiisiametnikuga ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / tlk. Ralf Parve ; Macphersoni hüvastijätt / / tlk. Ants Oras ; Nii ja naa ; Hiirele ; Eleegia Peg Nicholsoni surma puhul ; Vaga Willie palve ; Epitaaf vagale Willièle ; Värsid poeet Fergussoni portree alla ; Lõikuskuu laul ; On kaldal kõrkjad reas ; Mu arm on nagu ruske roos ; Mu arm... ; Oo, mu arm on verev, verev roos ; Esimene suudlus lahkudes ; Mõte karmist saatusest ; Oh näeksin tühja nõmme peal ; Kui näeksin ; "Kui üksi olles näeksid, neid..." ; Käies pikas rohus ; Värsiread ; Mind naine tihti taob ; Rõõmus lesk ; Willie Wastleì naine ; Mul on naine ; John Anderson / tlk. Urmas Tõnisson ; Jaan Anderson / tlk. Karl August Hermann ; Sügiselaul ; Kündja ja lill ; Kodu ; Ometi ; Kõige kiuste ; Kui õis, mis õitseb heinamaal ; Põlev armastus ; Hans ja Krõõt : [luuletused]. Epigramme: Raamatukoi ; Impromptu ; Puudus. Ammustele aegadele : [luuletus]. Autori kohta eluloolisi andmeid lk. 179

  14. Coating with fungicide and different doses of fertilizer in vinhatico ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lucas

    2016-09-21

    Sep 21, 2016 ... The treatments were: seed coating with sand + lime + fungicide with different doses of .... The index was calculated based on the formula of Maguire (1962). ..... Ludwig EJ, Nunes UR, Mertz LM, Silva JR, Nunes SCP (2014).

  15. Liberalismusest / Heido Vitsur

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vitsur, Heido, 1944-

    2008-01-01

    Liberalismist seoses eesti keeles ilmunud Ludwig von Misese raamatuga "Liberalism". Artikli autor oletab, et lähiaastail ei oota meid ees liberalismi positsioonide tugevnemine, vähemalt majanduses mitte

  16. Pompejanum Tartu Ülikooli Kunstimuuseumis : üks haruldane interjöörinäidis / Inge Kukk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kukk, Inge

    2003-01-01

    Pompeji stiilis 19. saj. ruumikujunduse parim näide Eestis. Antiikaja seinamaali motiivide kasutamisest. Töid alustati 1868. aastal. Tartu maalermeister F. Redlin, juhendas antiikarheoloog Ludwig Schwabe

  17. Moments in the Modern History of the Language Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Swales, John M.

    1999-01-01

    Discusses the beginning of the ascendancy of the language sciences in the past 50 years to become the "queen" of social studies. Focuses on contributions by Mikhail Bakhtin, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Noam Chomsky, Erving Goffman, and Michael Halliday. (SC)

  18. The Rudiments of Language.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Canfield, John V.

    1995-01-01

    Discusses the question of whether nonhuman species, such as apes, possess rudimentary language, focusing on the ideas of Ludwig Wittgenstein and Noam Chomsky in regard to the development of oral language in young children and apes. (51 references) (MDM)

  19. THE JU-LMU LINK FOR MEDICAL EDUCATION: EXCHANGING ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Anke Wanger, Minas Woldetsadik, Matthias Siebeck

    Jimma University (JU) in Ethiopia and Ludwig-Maximilians-University (LMU) in ... For the future we plan to integrate Ethiopian students coming to LMU ... travelling to Germany for becoming PBL tutors will participate in LMU's regular PBL-.

  20. Madkultur i skolen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brock, Steen; Christensen, Anne-Marie Søndergaard

    2016-01-01

    Artiklen belyser etiske problemstillinger omkrig dette at spise i skoletiden, på baggrund af Jürgen Habermas og Ludwig Wittgensteins respektive moralopfattelser. I særlig grad tematiseres forholdet mellem medborgerskab og verdensborgerskab, samt etikkens eksistentielle dimensioner...

  1. Fern- und Fehlzündungen. Bedenken zu Ingeborg Bachmanns Wittgenstein-Rezeption / Georg Gimpl

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Gimpl, Georg, 1949-

    2007-01-01

    Ettekanne Ingeborg Bachmanni 80. sünniaastapäevaks pühendatud rahvusvaheliselt konverentsilt Tartus 12.-13. aprillil 2006. aastal. Wittgensteini retseptsioonist Bachmanni loomingust Ludwig Wittgensteini "Loogilis-filosoofilise traktaadi" põhjal (Tartu : Ilmamaa, 1996)

  2. Sigtuna Think Piece 5

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    developed an approach inspired by the later works of Ludwig Wittgenstein ... A moral reaction is a personal, immediate, spontaneous emotional reaction that ... call rational ideas and thoughts about moral reactions, moral dilemmas or moral.

  3. Wittgenstein mellem tro og tvivl

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Rigtrup, Diana

    På baggrund af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins (1889-1951) dagbogsoptagelser fra 1930-erne beskriver forfatteren hans tilgang til religionen, der synes at have befundet sig på et knivsæg mellem tro og tvivl......På baggrund af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins (1889-1951) dagbogsoptagelser fra 1930-erne beskriver forfatteren hans tilgang til religionen, der synes at have befundet sig på et knivsæg mellem tro og tvivl...

  4. Marxism as permanent revolution

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Ree, E.

    2013-01-01

    This article argues that the 'permanent revolution' represented the dominant element in Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels' political discourse, and that it tended to overrule considerations encapsulated in 'historical materialism'. In Marx and Engels's understanding, permanent revolution did not

  5. Nietzsche moralistina / Vladimir Tšiž ; [vene keelest tõlkinud Antti Lääts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tšiž, Vladimir, 1855-1922

    2010-01-01

    Friedrich Nietzschest, kes juhtis tähelepanu moraali tähendusele, põdedes ka vaimuhaigust. Artikli aluseks on 1901-1908 Moskvas, Sankt-Peterburgis, Tartus, Vilniuses, Daugavpilsis, Jelgavas ja Riias peetud avalikud loengud Nietzsche moraali kohta

  6. V strane piramid : zhizn i trudõ Otto Friedricha von Richtera / Sergei Stadnikov ; tõlk. Veronika Einberg

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stadnikov, Sergei, 1956-

    2003-01-01

    Vastse-Kuustest pärit egüptoloogist Otto Friedrich von Richter'ist (1791-1816). Richteri ja Lindmani Egiptuse-Nuubia ekspeditsioonist, Tartu Ülikooli Muinasteaduse muuseumile annetatud kollektsioonist

  7. Muusikamaailm : Helsingi pidunädalad tänasest. Rossini festival Pesaros. Soome nädal "Promenaadisarjas". Preemia György Kurtagile / Priit Kuusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuusk, Priit, 1938-

    2001-01-01

    Soome muusikafestivalist Helsingin Juhlaviikot. Rossini festivalist Pesaros. Soome muusikute esinemisest "Promenaadikontsertidel" Londoni Royal Albert Hallis. G. Kurtagile määrati Saksamaal Tübingenis välja antav Friedrich Hölderlini preemia

  8. Rozum občanství

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kuneš, Jan

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 15, č. 26 (2004), 1a-3 ISSN 1210-0021 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9009908 Keywords : Jean Jacques Rousseau * Immanuel Kant * Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  9. Unglückbringende Sprachen

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gabriele von Olberg-Haverkate

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Rezensiertes Werk: Peter Friedrich, Manfred Schneider (Hg., Fatale Sprachen. Eid und Fluch in Literaturund Rechtsgeschichte, Paderborn, München: Wilhelm Fink 2009, 348 S., ISBN 978-3-7705-4740-1

  10. Genetics Home Reference: 3q29 microduplication syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Schmidt KR, Tervo R, Escobar LF, Friedrich CA, McDonald M, Campbell L, Ming JE, Zackai EH, Bejjani ... 10 All Bulletins Features What is direct-to-consumer genetic testing? What are genome editing and CRISPR- ...

  11. Genetics Home Reference: 3q29 microdeletion syndrome

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Schmidt KR, Tervo R, Escobar LF, Friedrich CA, McDonald M, Campbell L, Ming JE, Zackai EH, Bejjani ... 10 All Bulletins Features What is direct-to-consumer genetic testing? What are genome editing and CRISPR- ...

  12. Anneli Remme soovitab : Iisrael Egiptuses / Anneli Remme

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Remme, Anneli, 1968-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor esitab Georg Friedrich Händeli teose "Iisrael Egiptuses" 18. dets. Vanemuise kontserdimajas, 19. dets. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 20. dets. Jõhvi kontserdimajas ja 21. dets. Pärnu kontserdimajas (dirigent Daniel Reuss)

  13. Jõuluaja võimsaim kontsert / Kersti Inno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Inno, Kersti, 1954-

    2008-01-01

    Eesti Filharmoonia Kammerkoor esitab Georg Friedrich Händeli teose "Iisrael Egiptuses" 19. dets. Estonia kontserdisaalis, 20. dets. Jõhvi kontserdimajas ja 21. dets. Pärnu kontserdimajas (dirigent Daniel Reuss)

  14. Diverse opslag i Sociologisk Leksikon

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Larsen, Lars Thorup

    2011-01-01

    -identitet, immaterialitet, inddæmning, industrialisering, konstellation, konstruktion, kontekst, kontrafinalitet, kosmologi, kritisk teori, kynisme, latter, metateori, naturalistisk fejlslutning, negation, neurovidenskab, Nietzsche, Friedrich Wilhelm, normativitet, noumenon og phainomenon, objektiv, ontisk, ontogenese...

  15. 21. I avati Tartu Kunstimuuseumis Eesti Kunstnikkude Ryhma näitus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    Väljas on Jaan Vahtra, Friedrich Histi, Eduard Ole, Felix Randeli, Henrik Olvi, Juhan Raudsepa, Märt Laarmani, Arnold Akbergi, Edmond Arnold Blumenfeldti ja Aleksander Krimsi looming. Kuraatorid Reet Mark ja Holger Rajavee. Ilmub artiklite kogumik

  16. Viron kieli toisena kielenä - opetuksesta Tarton yliopistossa 1820-luvun lopulla / Heli Laanekask

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laanekask, Heli, 1950-

    2013-01-01

    Artiklis analüüsitakse Tartu Ülikooli eesti keele lektori Johann Samuel Friedrich Boubrigi õpetamise metoodikat, kasutatud allikaid ja loengute sisu. Puudutatakse ka sugulaskeelte - soome ja ungari keele õpetust

  17. Эмаль дороже бриллиантов / Галина Балашова

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Балашова, Галина, 1943-

    2011-01-01

    Viini emaili-kunstniku Michaela Frey poolt 1951. a. asutatud ehtefirmast. Michaela partneriks sai 1972. a. Friedrich Wille, kes alates 1992. a. on ettevõtte ainuomanik. Kompaniid tuntakse 2003. aastast nime all Frey Wille. Firmas valmistatud email-ehetest

  18. Wolfgang Pauli at the 6th meeting of the Nobel Prize laureates

    CERN Multimedia

    Franz Thorbecke, Lindau

    1956-01-01

    From left to right : ?, Max Born, Paul Adrien Maurice Dirac, Adolf Friedrich Johann Butenandt, ?, Otto Hahn, Wolfgang Pauli, Franca Pauli, Sir Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Isidor Isaac Rabi, and Leopold Ruzicka

  19. Von Fouqué über Oehlenschläger bis Andersen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    de Mylius, Johan

    2010-01-01

    Centralromantisk myte i dens udformning hos Friedrich de la Motte Fouqué (1811), i Oehlenschlägers forkortede bearbejdelse og oversættelse (Eventyr af forskjellige Digtere, 1816) og HCAs "Den lille Havfrue" (1837)....

  20. Sequence Classification: 889733 [

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available teracts with electron transport chain components and may influence respiration; human homolog involved in Friedrich's ataxia; Yfh1p || http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/protein/6320083 ...

  1. Perennial soybean seeds coated with high doses of boron and zinc

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Lucas

    2016-09-14

    Sep 14, 2016 ... ... Av. Alberto Lamego, 2000 - Parque Califórnia, Campos dos Goytacazes-RJ, CEP: ..... Ohse S, Marodim V, Santos OS, Lopes SJ, Manfron PA (2001). ... Tavares LC, Rufino CDA, Brunes AP, Friedrich FF, Barros ACSA,.

  2. Kui päevapiltnikud Pärnusse jõudsid / Vello Paatsi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paatsi, Vello, 1948-2015

    2016-01-01

    Dagerrotüpist Carl Borchardt töötas Pärnus 1844. a. Fotograafide Friedrich Wilhelm Louis Seidlitzi, Theodor Johni, Wilhelm Carl Paul Lanzi jt tegevusest Pärnus. Pärnu linnavaadete albumist (1866)

  3. Kultuurisild : eesti muinasjutud ilmusid hiina keeles

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2010-01-01

    18. okt. esitleti maailmanäitusel EXPO Hiinas Shanghais esimest eesti keelest hiina keelde tõlgitud raamatut, kogumikku August Jakobsoni ja Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi muinasjuttudest Jüri Mildebergi illustratsioonidega. Proua Evelin Ilves osales raamatu esitlusel Shanghai Lasteraamatukogus

  4. Maastik : Esteetilise funktsioonist modernses ühiskonnas / Joachim Ritter ; tlk. Age Veeroos, saatesõna Ülo Matjus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Ritter, Joachim

    1996-01-01

    Loodus kui esteetiliselt vahendatud maastik: uusaja maailma kuulub loodus maastikuna, kusjuures luule ja kunst kordavad teaduse kaudu vahendatud 'objektiivset' loodust esteetiliselt. Ka Francesco Petrarca kirjast Francesco Dioginile Borgo San Sepolcrost ja Friedrich Schilleri luuletusest 'Jalutuskäik'

  5. Kuidas anda oma elule mõte? Milli ja Nietzsche eksperiment / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    1996-01-01

    Arvustus: Mill, John Stuart. Vabadusest / Tlk. Kaja Tael. Tln. : Hortus Litterarum, 1996. (Avatud Eesti Raamat); Nietzsche, Friedrich. Ecce homo : Kuidas saadakse selleks, mis ollakse / Tlk. Jaan Undusk. Tln. : Vagabund, 1996. (Avatud Eesti Raamat)

  6. ORIGINAL ARTICLES C F L Leipoldt (1880 - 1947) — journalist doctor

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Enrique

    years old the family moved to Clanwilliam where Christian. Friedrich was appointed ... some districts, Leipoldt, as reporter for this paper, attended the sessions of the .... cultural enjoyment. He did not pass the Fellowship examination as he had.

  7. How Democratic is Latvia? Audit of Democracy 2005–2014

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    The Audit of Democracy 2014 prepared within the scope of National Research Programme “National Identity”. Audit preparation and publication supported by the Friedrich Ebert Foundation and the United States Embassy in Latvia.

  8. Põltsamaa hiilgeajad, major von Lauw ja tema õuekunstnik Gottlieb Welté / Anne Untera

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Untera, Anne, 1951-

    2007-01-01

    Põltsamaa linnast ja lossist, selle sisekujundusest. Maalikogust. Portselanitööstusest. Prantsuse päritolu baltisaksa maalikunstnik Friedrich Barisieni (Hartmann) elust ja loomingust. Maalikunstniku ja portselanimaalija Christian Gottlieb Welté elust ja loomingust

  9. Birma - otsekui retk minevikku / Mait Talts

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Talts, Mait, 1964-

    2011-01-01

    Reisist Birmasse, tänapäevase nimega Myanmari, mida Eestiga seovad sinna maetud "Eestimaa budistlikud peapiiskopid" Karl A.M. Tõnisson-Tennisons (Vend Vahindra, 1883-1962) ja Friedrich Voldemar Lustig (Ashin Ananda, 1912-1989)

  10. Akadeemikud Kreutzwaldi auks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2003-01-01

    Eesti Teaduste Akadeemia tähistab Friedrich Reinhold Kreutzwaldi 200. sünniaastapäeva piduliku koosolekuga "Fr. R. Kreutzwald - 200" 28. novembril 2003. Vt. ka Sirp, 2003, 28. nov., lk. 18 ; Looming, 2003, nr. 12, lk. 1913

  11. Reconstruction of the paleo-coastline of Santorini island (Greece ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    history, changing dramatically the life of the people of the Bronze age in the eastern Mediterranean. Basin. It also changed the morphology of the island itself, creating the famous ..... Friedrich W 2001 Fire in the Sea. The Santorini Volcano:.

  12. Naised valikute ees / Ave Paavo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Paavo, Ave

    2006-01-01

    Mõedaku spordibaasi juhataja Anu Kilk, äritarkvarafirma Oracle Eesti, Läti, Leedu finantsjuht Anne Oja-Aru, restoranide Balthasar, Karl Friedrich, Paat ja trahteri Postipoiss üldjuht Ritta Roosaar oma tööalastest valikutest

  13. Victor Hugo, ‚Les Misérables´ (1862)

    OpenAIRE

    Krauss, Henning

    1999-01-01

    Victor Hugo, ‚Les Misérables´ (1862). - In: 19. Jahrhundert - Roman / Friedrich Wolfzettel (Hrsg.). - Tübingen : Stauffenburg-Verl., 1999. - S. 185-218. - (Stauffenburg Interpretation : Französische Literatur)

  14. The Timeless Legacy of Robert Koch

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Robert Koch was a German physician and scientist who made wide-ranging .... methods of bacterial staining so that bacteria could be visualized more easily and .... of whom became outstanding scientists in their own right, such as Friedrich.

  15. Eesti Pindaros : K. J. Petersoni oodide vaimuloolisest taustast [2] / Jaan Undusk

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Undusk, Jaan, 1958-

    2012-01-01

    Artikli teises osas vaadeldakse täpsemalt Pindarose saksakeelseid jäljendajaid ning jõutakse Tartu ülikooli professori Wilhelm Friedrich Hezeli ja Kristjan Jaak Petersoni kontaktideni nii õpingutes kui loomingus

  16. Bunge sajand ja sajand Bungeta. II / Peeter Järvelaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Järvelaid, Peeter, 1957-

    1998-01-01

    Tartu Ülikooli professorist, Balti eraõiguse uurimise alusepanijast ja baltisaksa professionaalse ajalooteaduse ühest rajajast Friedrich Georg von Bungest (1802-1897). Algus: Kleio : Ajaloo Ajakiri 1997, nr. 4, lk. 49-51

  17. BATHYTHERMOGRAPH (XBT) from multiple German platforms: 19730101 to 19831231 (NODC Accession 8400184)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ocean Station Data and Bathythermograph (XBT) data were collected from Helgoland Biological Stations using multiple German ships (ANTON DOHRN, GAUSS, FRIEDRICH...

  18. Cloud amount/frequency, NITRATE and other data from UNKNOWN PLATFORMS, SOLEA and other platforms from 1972-02-26 to 1980-02-19 (NODC Accession 8100437)

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Ocean Station data containing Water depth and other data collected from ANTON DOHRN, ALKOR, FRIDTJOF NANSEN, GAUSS, FRIEDRICH HEINCKE, METEOR, POSEIDON, SOLEA,...

  19. Kirjandus- ja kultuuritegelased Pärnu Alevi kalmistul / Gerda Kuum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kuum, Gerda

    2007-01-01

    Jutukirjanik Suve Jaan, kodanikunimega Sommer Johann Friedrich (1777-1851); baltisaksa kirjamees ja pastor Johann Heinrich Rosenplänter (1782-1846); kirjamees ja köster Caspar Franz Lorenzsonn (1811-1880); köster Heinrich Gottlieb Lorenzsonn (1803-1847); trükkal ja kirjastaja Friedrich Wilhelm Bonn (1812-1881); linnapead Oskar Alexander Brackmann (1841-1927) ja Jaan Leesment (1870-1941)

  20. At tænke stil

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2004-01-01

    En overvejelse af stilbegrebets filosofiske betydning i Wien for både formsproget, kulturkritikken, historietænkningen og kunstvidenskaben. Arkitekten Adolf Loos og kunsthistorikeren Alois Riegl sammenlignes ud fra Friedrich Nietzsches historiesyn og brug af stilbegrebet.......En overvejelse af stilbegrebets filosofiske betydning i Wien for både formsproget, kulturkritikken, historietænkningen og kunstvidenskaben. Arkitekten Adolf Loos og kunsthistorikeren Alois Riegl sammenlignes ud fra Friedrich Nietzsches historiesyn og brug af stilbegrebet....

  1. A Study on the Meaning of the 'Lifelong Learning to Be' Implicated in the Philosophy of Nietzsche

    OpenAIRE

    Kwanchun Lee; Soo Yeon Choi; Un Shil Choi

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of the paper is to examine the meaning of 'lifelong learning to be' as the essence of lifelong education, which has been implied in the thoughts of Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche (1844-1900). This will be approached from the perspectives of 'learning to know', 'learning to do', 'learning to live together' and 'learning to be', which are the four pillars of education in UNESCO's 1996 Delors Report. Despite Friedrich Nietzsche being one of the most influential scholars of the nineteent...

  2. Näitus "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel" / Jüri Hain

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Hain, Jüri, 1941-

    2007-01-01

    Eesti Rahvusraamatukogus 15. I-3. II eksponeeritud ja rahvusraamatukogu kollektsioonist koostatud näitusest "Sajand eesti puugravüüri klotsidel: 1840-1940". Järgmistest kunstnikest ja nende töödest: Aleksander Otto Gern, Bogdan Gottlieb Friedrich Kally, August Daugell, Hermann Eduard Hartmann, Eduard Magnus Jakobson, Mart Pukits, Andres Kuusk, Karl Friedrich Schnell, Anton Suurkask (1873-1965), Arkadio Laigo, Hando Mugasto, Eduard Järv, Richard Kaljo, Ott Kangilaski, Ants Puks (1918-?), Salome Trei

  3. Mis on Struve geodeetiline kaar? Pane pilt kokku! / Riin Alatalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Alatalu, Riin, 1968-

    2016-01-01

    Geodeetilisest kaarest muinsuskaitsja pilgu läbi. Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struve eesmärgiks oli täpsustada Maa kuju. Selleks oli vaja mõõtmisi põhja-lõuna sihis. Suurt osa tööst juhendas eesti soost kindral Carl Friedrich Tenner. Eesti piirides säilinud 22 mõõtmispunktist valiti UNESCO maailmapärandi nimekirja kolm: Tartu tähetorn, Simuna ja Võivere baasjoone otspunktid

  4. Karl Valentin’s Illogical Subversion: issues arising from Karl Valentin’s Das Aquarium and Liesl Karlstadt’s Verein der Katzenfreund

    OpenAIRE

    Wilson, Mike; Double, Oliver

    2003-01-01

    Valentin Ludwig Fey was born on 4 June 1882 in the Munich suburb of Au, effectively the only child of an artisan-class family – his sister and two brothers all died in early childhood before Valentin Ludwig was even six months old. Valentin himself only narrowly survived a childhood encounter with diptheria (all of which, perhaps unsurprisingly, contributed to his ever-increasing hypochondria1), but he went on to become Karl Valentin, arguably the most famous German comedian and cabaret perfo...

  5. Ztvárnění přírody ve vybraných pohádkách ve sbírce Phantasus od Ludwiga Tiecka

    OpenAIRE

    Böhmová, Ellen

    2011-01-01

    The representation of the nature in the chosen fairy tales from the collection Phantasus by Ludwig Tieck. This thesis deals with the depiction of nature which played an important role in German literature of the early Romanticism. The analysis is based on three fairytales from Phantasus by Ludwig Tieck, namely, on two »nature tales« Der blonde Eckbert and Der Runenberg and one later tale Die Elfen. The thesis is divided into two main parts. The first one-theoretical, introduces the author of ...

  6. Riflessioni sulla ricezione di Goldoni nel '700 francese

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Olsen, Michel

    2011-01-01

    This essay takes up the relative incomprehension experienced in France by Goldoni, as before him by the great Dano-norwegian comedy-writer Ludwig Holberg. An exception was Élie Fréron, known as the antagonist of the philosophes, but rediscovered in the last decades of the last century as a brilli......This essay takes up the relative incomprehension experienced in France by Goldoni, as before him by the great Dano-norwegian comedy-writer Ludwig Holberg. An exception was Élie Fréron, known as the antagonist of the philosophes, but rediscovered in the last decades of the last century...

  7. MEZCLAS BINARIAS DE LÍQUIDO IÓNICO CON SOLVENTE MOLECULAR: PREDICCIÓN DEL VOLUMEN DE EXCESO MOLAR DESDE ÍNDICES DE REFRACCIÓN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marlon Doney Martínez Reina

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available El volumen de exceso molar de 30 mezclas binarias que contienen líquidos iónicos de imidazolio con diferentes solventes moleculares: (metanol, etanol, 1-propanol, 2-propanol, acetona, 2- butanona, 2-pentanona, acetato de metilo, acetato de etilo, acetato de butilo, carbonato de dimetilo, carbonato de dietilo, nitrometano, 1,3-dicloropropano y etilenglicol,se predice desde datos de índice de refracción, usando tres tipos de métodos acoplados con diferentes reglas de mezcla para el cálculo del índice de refracción: Lorentz-Lorenz, Dale-Gladstone, Eykman, Arago- Biot, Newton y Oster. En estos sistemas, las interacciones moleculares y las fuerzas intermoleculares provocan, durante la mezcla, desviaciones positivas o negativas del comportamiento ideal. Los resultados obtenidos se analizan en términos de la naturaleza del líquido iónico y solvente molecular.

  8. Antiparasitic efficacy of ivermectin in naturally parasitized sheep.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazwinski, T A; Greenway, T; Presson, B L; Pote, L M; Featherstone, H; Williams, M

    1983-11-01

    Sixteen sheep harboring naturally acquired parasitisms were allocated to 1 of 2 treatment groups: (i) sheep given ivermectin in an oral solution at the dosage rate of 200 micrograms/kg of body weight, and (ii) those given the vehicle at a dosage rate of 0.25 ml/kg. All animals were necropsied at 2 weeks after treatment. Parasites and percentages of parasitic reductions, as demonstrated in this trial, were: Dictyocaulus filaria (99.4%), Oestrus ovis first stage instars (100%), Trichuris ovis (98.9%), Strongyloides papillosus (99.8%), Nematodirus spathiger (100%), arrested 4th stage Nematodirus spp (96.2%), Trichostrongylus colubriformis (100%), T axei (100%), Oster tagia circumcincta (100%), Haemonchus contortus (100%), and arrested Haemonchus spp 4th stage larvae (99.9%). The sheep showed no adverse effects due to ivermectin or vehicle administration.

  9. Sediment yield assessment in the Upper Wadi Kebir catchment ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Soil erosion that occurs within fluvial basins has a significant impact on ... Regarding the sediment rating models, Walling and Webb [27], Ludwig and ... The climate over the study area is Mediterranean with dry summers and .... collected data set and therefore a high scatter of the cloud around the regression line (Fig. 3).

  10. Resonance – Journal of Science Education | Indian Academy of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Resonance – Journal of Science Education; Volume 10; Issue 12. Ludwig Boltzmann and Entropy. Sriram Ramaswamy. Volume 10 Issue 12 December 2005 pp 176-178. Fulltext. Click here to view fulltext PDF. Permanent link: https://www.ias.ac.in/article/fulltext/reso/010/12/0176-0178. Author Affiliations.

  11. Quantitative Voxel-to-Voxel Comparison of TriBeam and DCT Strontium Titanate Three-Dimensional Data Sets (Postprint)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-02-09

    materials such as alumina (Gonzalez et al., 2013), titanium (King et al., 2010) and aluminium (Ludwig, King et al., 2009). 2.1.2. TriBeam data collection...nickel alloys (Echlin, Lenthe et al., 2014), and geological samples (Echlin et al., 2015). The strontium titanate sample was serially sectioned in the

  12. Entropy in Biology

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    During the process of ageing, the balance shifts in the direction of anarchy. Death is ... tion of life and the laws of statistieal physics and entropy, both of which ... capable of doing work. ... defined by Ludwig Boltzmann in 1877, the entropy of the.

  13. 76 FR 41816 - Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Ocotillo Sol Solar...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-07-15

    ...] Notice of Intent To Prepare an Environmental Impact Statement for the Proposed Ocotillo Sol Solar Project... (ROW) authorization request for the Ocotillo Sol Solar Energy Facility (Project), a 15-18 megawatt (MW... Ocotillo Sol Solar Project by any of the following methods: Mail: Noel Ludwig, California Desert District...

  14. Religion as a philosophical matter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Albinus, Lars

    with groundbreaking thoughts about culture and a basic human 'conditionality' among interwar philosophers such as Ernst Cassirer, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Walter Benjamin, and Martin Heidegger. Finally it draws a line to Jean-Luc Nancy’s deconstruction of Christianity which can also be seen as a deconstruction...

  15. See This Sound

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Thomas Bjørnsten

    2009-01-01

    Anmeldelse af udstillingen See This Sound på Lentos Kunstmuseum Linz, Østrig, som markerer den foreløbige kulmination på et samarbejde mellem Lentos Kunstmuseum og Ludwig Boltzmann Institute Media.Art.Research. Udover den konkrete udstilling er samarbejdet tænkt som en ambitiøs, tværfaglig...

  16. Oe-ce-m

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Ludwig Prandtl is considered to be the founder of modem fluid mechanics. He, like Newton ... in fluid mechanics. According to the theory, for fluids with small viscosity, like air and water, viscous ... sky left behind by an airplane. In high speed ...

  17. Den filosofiske krimi. Med særligt fokus på Henning Mortensens Sondrup-trilogi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    2008-01-01

    Når man starter en roman med et citat af filosoffen Ludwig Wittgenstein, er tonen allerede slået an. Lader man dernæst en mand finde dolket, bliver det hurtigt tydeligt, hvor vi befinder os: kriminalromanens sprossede skygge. Men hos den danske forfatter Henning Mortensen falder skyggerne på en...

  18. A patriotic 'Picture Gallery' or a Universal 'Tree of Knowledge'? Metaphors of Knowledge in the Historia Litteraria Works

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Smyčka, Václav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 139, 1/2 (2016), s. 25-49 ISSN 0024-4457 R&D Projects: GA ČR GAP406/12/2254 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Nikolaus Adaukt Voigt * Ignaz Born * Franz Martin Pelzel * Ludwig Zehnmark * metaphor * knowledge * temporality Subject RIV: AB - History

  19. The Concept of Design: Are We off Track?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-15

    Andrews, Henry Mintzberg, Ludwig von Bertalanffy, Thomas Kuhn, Horst Rittel, Melvin Webber, Dietrich Dörner, and Peter Senge listed below cement a...perspective. The terms, concepts, and intellectual accessories presented in this chapter cement a deeper appreciation and understanding of design as a...thinking. Creative thinking involves generating something new or original. It involves the skills of flexibility, originality, fluency , elaboration

  20. Raikülast saab Eesti mõisate süda / Imbi Raikna

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Raikna, Imbi

    2004-01-01

    Raikküla mõisa ajaloost, omanikest. Mõisahoone arhitektiks arvatakse olevat Johann Carl Ludwig Engel. Raikküla mõisa tegi kuulsaks Keyserlingide suguvõsa. 1999. a. omandas mõisa perekond Jõesoo, kes on hüljatud valduse ellu äratanud, kavandades sinna raamatumõisa ja mõisainfo keskust. 10 ill

  1. Hip, Hip, Soret!

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Plathe, Florian

    Many years ago, Ludwig did detect the behaviour now called the Soret effect. Sodium sulphate in eighteen-fifty-six did not obediently follow Fick's first law. But if he cooled down one side the salt went left, the water to the right. He was surprised in every way. Hip, hip, Soret!

  2. The Statistical Interpretation of Entropy: An Activity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timmberlake, Todd

    2010-01-01

    The second law of thermodynamics, which states that the entropy of an isolated macroscopic system can increase but will not decrease, is a cornerstone of modern physics. Ludwig Boltzmann argued that the second law arises from the motion of the atoms that compose the system. Boltzmann's statistical mechanics provides deep insight into the…

  3. Fulltext PDF

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    International Conference on Algebra and. Geometry. BOOK REVIEWS. 106 Atomic Warrior. Shobhana Narasimhan. Front Cover. 110. 110. 111. 112 n3. Bonnet macaque (See classroom article Project Ufescape on The Macaques of India, page 94.) Back Cover. (Picture courtesy: Anindya Sinha). ludWig Eduard Boltzmann.

  4. Sano, kuracado, higieno (health, medicine, hygiene): ophthalmologists and Esperanto.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ohry, Avi

    2014-01-01

    Historically, some ophthalmologists were closely associated with the constructed language Esperanto. These include the founder of the language Ludwig Lazar Zamenhof (1859-1917), his son Leon, Max Talmud (1869-1941), Kazimierz Bein (1872-1959), and Louis Emile Javal (1839-1907).This paper considers the role of these ophtalmologists who attempted to create international languages, whether oral, written or musical.

  5. Skating in a Life Context: Examining the Significance of Aesthetic Experience in Sport Using Practical Epistemology Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maivorsdotter, Ninitha; Wickman, Per-Olof

    2011-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to suggest and illustrate a methodological approach for studies of learning in physical education (PE) and sport pedagogy in order to investigate and clarify the relation between how people learn and the settings or context in which they learn. Drawing on the work of John Dewey, the later works of Ludwig Wittgenstein…

  6. RDX in Plant Tissue: Leading to Humification in Surface Soils

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-01

    distribution, and transfor- mation of TNT in higher plants. Ecotoxicology and Environmental Safety 64(2): 136–145. Amann, R. I., W. Ludwig, and K.-H...Schleifer. 1995. Phyolgenetic identification and in situ detection of individual microbial cells without cultivation . Microbiol. Rev. 59: 143–169

  7. Ludvík Rittersberk: Die Brüder Edice a překlad libreta Jaroslav ze Šternberka a bitva s Tatary u Olomouce v operním hávu

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Fránek, Michal; Kopecký, J.; Reittererová, V.

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 54, č. 1 (2017), s. 25-70 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378068 Keywords : Ludvík Rittersberk (Ludwig Ritter von Rittersberg) * opera * libretto * Jaroslav ze Šternberka * Dvůr Králové Manuscript Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision OBOR OECD: Specific literatures

  8. Darshana Jolts

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Only by the second half of 19th century did it become clear that the difference between ... Boltzmann law, discovered in 1879 by Josef Stefan and in 1884 by Ludwig Boltzmann. ... occur without input from or output to the outside is known as the principle of ... rich chapter of physics, known as the kinetic theory of heat 11.

  9. A Behavioral Treatment for Traumatic Brain Injury-Associated Visual Dysfunction Based on Adult Cortical Plasticity

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-12-01

    Zomet, Lev, Yehezkel, Sterkin & Levi, 2012b) and developmental object and face agnosia (Lev, Gilaie-Dotan, Gotthilf-Nezri, Yehezkel, Brooks, Perry...followed by mid-level perceptual improvements in developmental object and face agnosia . Dev Sci, Lev, M., Ludwig, K., Gilaie-Dotan, S., Voss, S

  10. South African Journal of Geomatics, Vol. 5, No. 2, September 2016

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    asd

    Fred Cawood. The remote sensing theme consisted of two papers. Cilence Munghemezulu, Ludwig Combrinck, Joel Botai and Zinhle Mashaba mapped multipath as part of the site investigation for the installation of a timing antenna for lunar laser ranging applications at the Hartebeesthoek Radio Astronomy Observatory.

  11. Annals of Medical and Health Sciences Research - Vol 4, No 3 (2014)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Management of Ludwig's angina in pregnancy: a review of 10 cases · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD ... Role of systemic markers in periodontal diseases: a possible inflammatory burden and risk factor for cardiovascular diseases? EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL ...

  12. African Health Sciences - Vol 7, No 1 (2007)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Katz method: microscopical appearance of the helminth eggs · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. E I Odongo-Aginya, K Narcis, S Ludwig, H Wabinga, A Fenwick, A Montresor ...

  13. 77 FR 40859 - Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings; Correction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-07-11

    ... DEPARTMENT OF COMMERCE National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Gulf of Mexico Fishery.... SUMMARY: The Gulf of Mexico Fishery Management Council (Council) will convene its Law Enforcement Advisory... Ludwig Lane, Grand Isle, LA 70358; telephone: (985) 787-2163 Council address: Gulf of Mexico Fishery...

  14. Book reviews

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    NN,

    2002-01-01

    It took a long time to produce, but eventually early in 2001 the first part of this extensive compendium of macromycetes appeared. It is the result of decades of work by the author, who is known as a passionate mushroom collector and painter. Ludwig has the special gift that he is able to record the

  15. Training and "Abrichtung": Wittgenstein as a Tragic Philosopher of Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Friesen, Norm

    2017-01-01

    As a landmark philosopher of language and of mind, Ludwig Wittgenstein is also remarkable for having crossed, with apparent ease, the "continental divide" in philosophy. It is consequently not surprising that Wittgenstein's work, particularly in the "Philosophical Investigations," has been taken up by philosophers of education…

  16. Differentially Positioned Language Games: Ethnomathematics from a Philosophical Perspective

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knijnik, Gelsa

    2012-01-01

    This paper discusses a new philosophical perspective for ethnomathematics which articulates Ludwig Wittgenstein's and Michel Foucault's theoretical notions. It is conceived as a theoretical toolbox which allows the analysis of, on the one hand, the mathematical language games of different forms of life and their family resemblances and, on the…

  17. Seeing Connections: Reason, Faith, and Education

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harris, Suzy

    2015-01-01

    The article explores some of the congruencies of thought and resonances in phrasing in the work of Janet Erskine Stuart, John Henry Newman and Ludwig Wittgenstein. These three writers have in common their resistance to philosophers of religion who are preoccupied with proposing arguments for the existence of God and grounds for believing in God.…

  18. The Crystal Order That Is Most Concrete: The Wittgenstein House

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zou, Hui

    2005-01-01

    This essay analyzes the bi-directional relationship between Ludwig Wittgenstein's philosophy and his architectural experiment of designing the Wittgenstein House. Putting the Wittgenstein House into the chronological context of Wittgenstein's philosophical writings, this research attempts to explore how his architectural design brought about a…

  19. Belief Systems and Language Understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-01

    Sedlak (1074), Searle (1060), Gtrawson (196U), and Wittgenstein (1958). [4] (1973), Charniak (1072), ilcCarthy and Hayes (1969), HcDermott (107...in Speech Acts", Philosophical Review 73, ^39-460. Wittgenstein , Ludwig 1958 Philosophical Investigations ( New York: The Macmillan Co.) (Tr

  20. Somaesthetics and Racism: Toward an Embodied Pedagogy of Difference

    Science.gov (United States)

    Granger, David A.

    2010-01-01

    This paper begins by examining the architectonics of the body and the mind-body relationship in the work of John Dewey, Michel Foucault, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. In doing so, it utilizes philosopher Richard Shusterman's analytic somaesthetics to expose the way racist ideology is covertly materialized and preserved through encoding in somatic norms…

  1. Identity, Language and Theology for the Proclamation of the Gospel

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goitia Padilla, Francisco Javier

    2012-01-01

    This dissertation is a linguistic approach to theology informed by the philosophical work of Ludwig Wittgenstein. It is situated in the construction of Puerto Rican identity in the elliptic Puerto Rican geography of the island and the Puerto Rican immigration settlements on the mainland. Its goal is the truthful proclamation of the Gospel to the…

  2. Somaesthetic Training, Aesthetics, Ethics, and the Politics of Difference in Richard Shusterman's "Body Consciousness"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Powell, Kimberly

    2010-01-01

    In this essay, the author first addresses the theme of disciplined somatic training and its relationship to self-awareness and transformation. Her attention is focused specifically on the chapter on Ludwig Wittgenstein, in which Richard Shusterman presents and then elaborates upon the philosopher's connections between conscious bodily feelings and…

  3. On Wittgenstein's Extension of the Domain of Aesthetic Education: Intransitive Knowledge and Ethics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Escalera, Carla Carmona

    2012-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein gave priority to aesthetics over other disciplines due to its invaluable capacities for revealing certain aspects of the nature of human understanding and for guiding our actions toward an ethical life. Although Wittgenstein did not focus on these issues in a systematic way, these worries were present in his philosophy during…

  4. Imagining Wittgenstein's Adolescent: The Educational Significance of Expression

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Jeff

    2012-01-01

    This paper highlights the philosophical and educational significance of expression in Ludwig Wittgenstein's Philosophical Investigations. When the role of expression is highlighted, we will be better able to appreciate Stanley Cavell's insistence that: (i) Wittgenstein offers ways of responding to, though not a refutation of, the problem of…

  5. The World of Instruction: Undertaking the Impossible

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laverty, Megan J.

    2014-01-01

    Throughout history, philosophers have reflected on educational questions. Some of their ideas emerged in defense of, or opposition to, skepticism about the possibility of formal teaching and learning. These philosophers include Plato, Augustine, St Thomas Aquinas, Søren Kierkegaard, Martin Heidegger, and Ludwig Wittgenstein. Together, they…

  6. Tænk ikke, men se efter! - Wittgensteins brug af eksemplet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krause-Jensen, Niels Henrik

    2016-01-01

    I dette kapitel er ærindet at præsentere en filosofisk metode, som på en langt mere gennemgribende måde end vanligt orienterer sig efter eksempler. Udgangspunktet er sprogfilosoffen Ludwig Wittgensteins tænkning, hvor det vises, at der er noget ganske særligt på spil: Eksempler bruges ikke til...

  7. "I Knew Jean-Paul Sartre": Philosophy of Education as Comedy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Griffiths, Morwenna; Peters, Michael A.

    2014-01-01

    Ludwig Wittgenstein suggests that "A serious and good philosophical work could be written consisting entirely of jokes". The idea for this dialogue comes from a conversation that Michael Peters and Morwenna Griffiths had at the Philosophy of Education of Great Britain annual meeting at the University of Oxford, 2011. It was sparked by an…

  8. Silence, an Eye of Knowledge

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aghamohammadi, Mehdi

    2017-01-01

    One of the conspicuous features of the twentieth-century West was silence. This idea could be supported by examining reflections of Ludwig Wittgenstein, Fritz Mauthner, John Cage, Samuel Beckett, Ihab Hassan, Franz Kafka, Wassily Kandinsky, Jean-Paul Sartre, Virginia Woolf, Wolfgang Iser, Jacques Derrida, and Pierre Macherey. To me, silence is not…

  9. H2O2 induces a transient multi-phase cell cycle arrest in mouse fibroblasts through modulating cyclin D and p21Cip1 expression

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barnouin, K.; Dubuisson, M.L.; Child, E.S.; Fernandez de Mattos, S.; Glassford, J.; Medema, R.H.; Mann, D.J.; Lam, E.W.-F.

    2002-01-01

    From the h CRC Laboratories and the Section of Cancer Cell Biology, Imperial College School of Medicine at Hammersmith Hospital, Du Cane Road, London W12 ONN, United Kingdom, the e Ludwig Institute for Cancer Research and Section of Virology and Cell Biology, Imperial College School of Medicine at

  10. Stuart Hall on Racism and the Importance of Diasporic Thinking

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizvi, Fazal

    2015-01-01

    In this article, I want to show how my initial encounter with the work of Stuart Hall was grounded in my reading of the later philosophy of Ludwig Wittgenstein, and was shaped by my interest in understanding the nature of racism across the three countries in which I had lived. Over the years, Hall's various writings have helped me to make sense of…

  11. “and africa will be saved!”? nadenke oor die kerk, die sending en die ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Livingstone (1813-1873) with his emphasis on “Christianity, civilisation, commerce” had high expectations that Western influence would lead to total new conditions in. Africa and the end of slave trade. Ludwig Krapf (1810-1881) was very sceptical con- cerning Western influence and of opinion that it would only lead to ...

  12. Empathy without borders? Cross-cultural heart and mind-reading in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Background: This cross-cultural study was designed to examine cultural differences in empathy levels of first-year medical students. Methods: A total of 257 students from the academic year 2010/11, 131 at Jimma University, Ethiopia, and 126 at the Ludwig Maximilian University, Munich, Germany, completed the Balanced ...

  13. Fuldskalamodellen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Søberg, Martin

    2017-01-01

    Fehn’s project for an extension of the Royal Danish Theatre (1996), Robbrecht en Daem architecten’s Mies 1:1. Das Golfklub Projekt (2013), the full-scale model of Ludwig Mies van der Rohe’s proposal for the Kröller-Müller villa (1912), Bungalow Germania – the German pavilion at the Venice Architecture...

  14. Semantic Elements in Deep Structures as Seen from a Modernist Definition of Clarity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lemke, Alan

    Typically, teachers approach ambiguity in student writing by suggesting that students focus on diction, syntax, and writing format; however, the works of modernists (including T.S. Eliot, Ludwig Wittgenstein, Karl Marx, and Pablo Picasso) suggest the importance of conceptions of semantic clarity. Transformational models for syntactic elements in…

  15. Electron transfer among the CuA-, heme b- and a3-centers of Thermus thermophilus cytochrome ba3

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Farver, Ole; Chen, Ying; Fee, James A

    2006-01-01

    The 1-methyl-nicotinamide radical (MNA(*)), produced by pulse radiolysis has previously been shown to reduce the Cu(A)-site of cytochromes aa(3), a process followed by intramolecular electron transfer (ET) to the heme a but not to the heme a(3) [Farver, O., Grell, E., Ludwig, B., Michel, H. and P...

  16. Mies kahes muuseumis korraga / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    2001. a. suvel avab New Yorgi Museum of Modern Art arhitekt Ludwig Mies van der Rohe algusaastate tööle keskenduva näituse "Mies in Berlin" ja Whitney Museum of American Art arhitekti ameerika perioodi kajastava näituse "Mies in America".

  17. Pouť Ludwiga Protze z Kynšperku do Walhally a zase zpět aneb jak českoslovenští turneři chápali umění

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Kessler, Vojtěch; Klement, M.

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 16, 1-2 (2015), s. 27-52 ISSN 1211-8109 Institutional support: RVO:67985963 Keywords : German Turner Association * Ludwig Protz * Kynšperk nad Ohří * Offenhausen * art * worldview Subject RIV: AB - History

  18. An ecotoxicological screening tool to prioritise acid mine drainage impacted streams for future restoration

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Oberholster, Paul

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available review of laboratory studies. Water, 574 Air, & Soil Pollution 60, 135-148. 575 Ludwig J.A., Reynolds J.F., 1988. Statistical ecology. John Wiley and Sons, New York. 576 Margalef R., 1951. Diversidad de especies en las comunidades naturales...

  19. Political Communication with Animals

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meijer, E.

    2013-01-01

    In this article I sketch the outlines of a theory of political human-animal conversations, based on ideas about language that I borrow from Ludwig Wittgenstein’s later work, in particular his notion of language-games. I present this theory as a supplement to the political theory of animal rights Sue

  20. Calculation of multigroup reaction rates for the Ghana Research ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The discrete ordinate spatial model, which pro-vides solution to the differential form of the transport equation by the Carlson-SN (N=4) approach was adopted to solve the Ludwig-Boltzmann multigroup neutron transport equation for this analysis. The results show that for any fissile resonance absorber, the reaction rates ...

  1. [A creator of modern surgery--Johann von Mikulicz-Radecki and contemporary ophthalmologists at the University of Wroclaw at the turn of the 19th-20th century].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nizankowska, Maria Hanna; Kalinowska, Joanna; Pacan, Anna

    2005-01-01

    The authors present the history of the life and achievements of Jan Mikulicz-Radecki as the creator of modern surgery and his own school of surgery, especially during his work at the Wroclaw University in 1890-1905 years. The contemporary ophthalmologists as Richard Foerster, Hermann Ludwig Cohn, Wilhelm Uhthoff and theirs famous coworkers are also presented.

  2. The "Bologna-München" Tandem--Experiencing Interculturality

    Science.gov (United States)

    De Martino, Sandro

    2016-01-01

    This case study describes the "Bologna-München" Tandem, a cross-border collaboration which began in 2011. The aim of the collaboration is to give students studying Italian at the Ludwig- Maximilians-University in Munich and students studying German at the University of Bologna the opportunity to experience interculturality through…

  3. Ungari fotograafiast / Gregor Taul

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taul, Gregor, 1986-

    2010-01-01

    Näitus "Robert Capa" Ludwig Muzeumis Budapestis 3. juulist 11. oktoobrini 2009. Näitus "Traditsioon ja vastuvõtlikkus - kaasaegsed arengusuunad Ungari fotokunstis" ArtDepoo galeriis 2. septembrist 29. septembrini 2009. Fotograaf Robert Capa (Endre Ernö Friedmann, sünd. 1913) elust ja karjäärist

  4. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 70, Number 3, March 1929

    Science.gov (United States)

    1929-03-01

    Presidency receive but thirty-two pages. Surely Mr. Lincoln’s years in the White House were worth more than that. The typography is excellent, with an...Beuve; Frederick the Great, by T. B. Macaulay; Napoleon_’Bonaparte, by George Brandes ; and Otto von Bismarck, by Emil Ludwig. The book contains more

  5. Self-organization of vegetation in arid ecosystems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rietkerk, M.G.; Boerlijst, M.; Langevelde, F. van; HillerisLambers, R.; Koppel, J. van de; Kumar, L.; Prins, H.H.T.; Roos, A.M. de

    2002-01-01

    Scientists are still searching for possible unifying mechanisms to explain this range of spatial patterns (Tongway and Ludwig 2001), and an important question of this research is whether this range is the result of preexisting environmental heterogeneity, the result of spatial

  6. Maailma kaunid aiad : Nymans'i aed / Ann Tenno

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tenno, Ann, 1952-

    2004-01-01

    Nymans'i aia Inglismaal rajas 1885. a. Ludwig Messel ning kujundas seda koos oma poja Leonard Messeliga. Aed on tuntud haruldaste puude ja põõsaste rohkuse poolest, aia omapäraks on kerakujuliseks pöetud ja väljalõigatud siiludega jugapuud. 19 ill

  7. Distributional Monte Carlo Methods for the Boltzmann Equation

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-01

    postulated by Ludwig Boltzmann [23] at a time when the atomic makeup of matter was not an accepted concept. Modern physics realizes Boltzmann’s vision...über Gastheorie 1898. Translated by S.G. Brush ., 1964. [24] Boyles, K.A., G.J. LeBeau, and M.A. Gallis. “DSMC Simulations in Support of the Columbia

  8. On the discovery of UREA. Identification, synthesis and observations that let to establishing the first uraemic retention solute.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Duranton, Flore; Jankowski, Joachim; Więcek, Andrzej; Argilés, Àngel

    2016-02-01

    Jean Batiste von Helmont (1577-1644) described a salt that "never occurs outside man's body". The substance was further characterized by Hermann Boerhaave from Leiden (1688-1738) in Elementa Chemiae where he described the whole procedure for isolating it from urine of healthy persons. The French scientists Fourcroy and Vauquelin, in 1808, named it "ure" whereas Jean-Etienne Brard from Montpellier established its chemical composition in 1817. The synthesis of urea was accomplished by Friedrich Whler (the first organic substance to be synthesized). Finally in 1851 Friedrich Th. von Frerichs introduced the term "Uraemia".

  9. The Powers of Observation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, Christoffer

    2013-01-01

    The article investigates the importance of measured survey in the danish architectural tradition. Two cases are presented: Casper Friedrich Harsdorff (1735–1799) and Carl Petersen (1874–1923). Lastly a contemporary perspective is presented through the works of Thomas Gronegger (b. 1965). The arti......The article investigates the importance of measured survey in the danish architectural tradition. Two cases are presented: Casper Friedrich Harsdorff (1735–1799) and Carl Petersen (1874–1923). Lastly a contemporary perspective is presented through the works of Thomas Gronegger (b. 1965...

  10. Gauss: La revolución de las matemáticas del siglo XIX

    OpenAIRE

    Gutierrez, Santiago

    2005-01-01

    Hace 150 años, el 23 de febrero de 1855, moría, en Gotinga, a la edad de setenta y siete años, Johan Friedrich Carl Gauss o, simplemente, Carl Friedrich Gauss, como él mismo quiso ser llamado. Eran tiempos de revolución y progreso: comenzaba la revolución industrial en Inglaterra, en Estados Unidos se perforaba el primer pozo de petróleo (1859), la economía estaba dominada por las teorías liberales de Adam Smith mientras se gestaba la creación de la Internacional Socialista, Darwin publicaba ...

  11. The Continuing Relevance of Austrian Capital Theory

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul

    2012-01-01

    The article presents a speech by Professor Nicolai J. Foss of Copenhagen Business School, delivered at the Austrian Scholars Conference held on March 8, 2012 in Auburn, Alabama, in which he discussed the knowledge essays by economist Friedrich A. von Hayek, the concept of capital theory and the w......The article presents a speech by Professor Nicolai J. Foss of Copenhagen Business School, delivered at the Austrian Scholars Conference held on March 8, 2012 in Auburn, Alabama, in which he discussed the knowledge essays by economist Friedrich A. von Hayek, the concept of capital theory...... and the works of Hayek on political philosophy and cultural evolution....

  12. On de Sitter-like and Minkowski-like spacetimes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Luebbe, Christian; Kroon, Juan Antonio Valiente

    2009-01-01

    Friedrich's proofs for the global existence results of de Sitter-like spacetimes and of semi-global existence of Minkowski-like spacetimes (Friedrich 1986 Commun. Math. Phys. 107 587) are re-examined and discussed, making use of the extended conformal field equations and a gauge based on conformal geodesics. In this gauge, the location of the conformal boundary of the spacetimes is known a priori once the initial data have been prescribed. Thus, it provides an analysis which is conceptually and calculationally simpler.

  13. Weber, Nietzsche and the ethical answers to the critique of modernity

    OpenAIRE

    Nobre, Renarde Freire

    2003-01-01

    O artigo consiste num estudo comparativo entre as concepções de cultura de Friedrich Nietzsche e Max Weber, suas análises críticas da modernidade e as respostas éticas que as acompanham. Apesar das importantes afinidades encontradas entre os autores, o artigo procura mostrar que o caráter principal da comparação entre os seus pensamentos é o do desencontro e da incompatibilidade.The article consistes in a comparative study between Friedrich Nietzsche's and Max Weber's conceptions of culture, ...

  14. A multicore processor for time-critical applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schoeberl, Martin; Pezzarossa, Luca; Sparsø, Jens

    2018-01-01

    This article presents T-CREST many-core architecture specially designed and optimized for time-critical systems. —Tulika Mitra, National University of Singapore —Jürgen Teich, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnber —Lothar Thiele, ETH Zurich.......This article presents T-CREST many-core architecture specially designed and optimized for time-critical systems. —Tulika Mitra, National University of Singapore —Jürgen Teich, Friedrich-Alexander-Universität Erlangen-Nürnber —Lothar Thiele, ETH Zurich....

  15. Maailma-kirjastik / Ants Oras

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Oras, Ants, 1900-1982

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Kivi, Aleksis. Seitse venda. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi Koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1924 ; Leino, Eino. Helkalaulud. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1922 ; Aho, Juhani. Vaikne meri. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1923 ; Sillanpää, Frans Eemil. Vaga viletsus. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1923 ; Molière. Ihnus. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1923 ; Chateaubriand, Francios-René de. Atala. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1923 ; Flaubert, Gustav. Kolm lugu. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1922 ; Schiller, Friedrich. Wilhelm Tell. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1924 ; Schiller, Friedrich. Röövlid. Tartus : Eesti Kirjanduse Seltsi koolikirjanduse toimkond, 1923

  16. Génius srdce a krize moderního umění. Organicko-estetické pojetí člověka u Friedricha Nietzscheho jako pozadí pro diskuzi o umění v Čechách čtyřicátých let // The Genius of the Heart and the Crisis of Modern Art. Friedrich Nietzsche’s Organical-Aesthetic Concept of the Human as Background for the debate on art in the Czech 1940’s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tereza Jelínková

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The article employs Nietzsche’s concept of creativity as the main axis of human existence in order to provide a philosophically substantiated overview of the understanding of the position of the artist and the arts in a society construed upon the state of crisis of the Christian-moral idea of transcendence, as it was developed in the 1940’s discourse on the arts. The topic is gradually approached from three perspectives. The starting point is the notion of transcendence as an anthropological constant and the notion of the artistic form as its realization. Part 2 develops the idea of an aesthetic, ‘translatingʼ relationship to the world, and finds the source of transcendence precisely in the organic character of human existence. Part 3 then pursues the possibilities of a recovery of the complementarity between the profane and the sacred, which, eventually, brings about a rehabilitation of the profane and launches the dynamics of the ambivalent position of the artist in society.

  17. Die Weihnachtslieder im Gesangbuch Jesličky (1658) zwischen deutscher Hymnographie und übernationalem Repertoire

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Slavický, Tomáš

    2012-01-01

    Roč. 49, č. 4 (2012), s. 399-415 ISSN 0018-7003 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP406/10/1454 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Christmas songs * Friedrich Bridelius * hymnographie Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  18. Mass generation via the Higgs boson and the quark condensate of ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2016-08-24

    Aug 24, 2016 ... Physikalisches Institut der Universität Göttingen, Friedrich-Hund-Platz 1, D-37077 Göttingen, Germany .... above, this paper contains a history of the subject from ... In figure 1 the symmetry breaking process is illustrated.

  19. Nosferatu Pärnus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi Suvekino raames algab mööda Eestit nn "Nosferatu tuur" ehk saksa tummfilmiklassika - Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau filmi "Nosferatu - õuduste sümfoonia" ("Nosferatu - Eine Symphonie des Grauens", 1921) ringreis koos ansambliga Kriminaalne Elevant (Kaspar Jancis, Danel Aljo, Eno Kollom, Hannes Kivi, Henry Tiisma)

  20. Kõlab õuduste sümfoonia / Kaupo Meiel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Meiel, Kaupo, 1975-

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi Suvekino raames jõuab 11. juunil Pärnusse nn "Nosferatu tuur" ehk saksa tummfilmiklassika - Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau filmi "Nosferatu - õuduste sümfoonia" ("Nosferatu - Eine Symphonie des Grauens", 1921) ringreis koos ansambliga Kriminaalne Elevant (Kaspar Jancis, Danel Aljo, Eno Kollom, Hannes Kivi, Henry Tiisma)

  1. PÖFF-i suvekino : Nosferatu hirmufilmi show Katariina kirikus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2004-01-01

    PÖFFi Suvekino raames algab mööda Eestit nn "Nosferatu tuur" ehk saksa tummfilmiklassika - Friedrich Wilhelm Murnau filmi "Nosferatu - õuduste sümfoonia" ("Nosferatu - Eine Symphonie des Grauens", 1921) ringreis koos ansambliga Kriminaalne Elevant (Kaspar Jancis, Danel Aljo, Eno Kollom, Hannes Kivi, Henry Tiisma)

  2. On the Need for Dionysian Education in Schools Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Steel, Sean

    2014-01-01

    Although much has been written about Friedrich Nietzsche's views on education over the years, and much has also been written about Dionysus, god of wine and ecstasy, very little attention has been given to the meaning of, and need for, Dionysian education. In this article, Sean Steel attempts to begin that project. Drawing Nietzsche's…

  3. Nietzsche among the Scholars. A Bibliometric Analysis and Study of Nietzsche Scholarship.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lynn, Matthew T.

    This paper addresses the literary canon surrounding the nineteenth century philosopher Friedrich Nietzsche, in order to inform philosophy librarians as to the nature of the particular body of literature. Using the "Philosopher's Index" database to locate all the Nietzschean literature published between 1986 and 1995, defining…

  4. Antikristlase kaks ilmumist / Leo Luks

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Luks, Leo, 1976-

    2003-01-01

    Rets. rmt.: Nietzsche, Friedrich. Antikristus : kristluse needmine. Tartu, 2002. Uut tõlget on võrreldud 1919. aastal ilmunud esmatõlkega. Ado Anderkopp'i eessõnast ja kirikuõpetaja Tallmeister'i reageeringust esmatõlkele. "Antikristlasest" kui Nietzsche plaanitud peateose esimesest osast. Ilmunud ka kogumikus Eklektika. Tartu, 2006

  5. Neli vaadet tuumale ja näivusele / Märt Väljataga

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Väljataga, Märt, 1965-

    2009-01-01

    Arvustus: Tuglas, Friedebert. Valik proosat / koostanud ja saatetekstid kirjutanud Jaan Undusk. Tallinn : Avita, 2009 ; Nietzsche, Friedrich. Tragöödia sünd. Tallinn : Tänapäev, 2009 ; Kesküla, Kalev. Elu sumedusest. Tallinn : Tuum, 2009 ; Sirkel, Mati. Uued orva-aastad. Kommentaarium. Tallinn : Tuum, 2009

  6. Taking Up Space: Museum Exploration in the Twenty-First Century

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sutton, Tiffany

    2007-01-01

    Museums have become a crucible for questions of the role that traditional art and art history should play in contemporary art. Friedrich Nietzsche argued in the nineteenth century that museums can be no more than mausoleums for effete (fine) art. Over the course of the twentieth century, however, curators dispelled such blanket pessimism by…

  7. Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, and the Aesthetically Sublime

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vandenabeele, Bart

    2003-01-01

    Much has been written on the relationship between Arthur Schopenhauer and Friedrich Nietzsche. Much remains to be said, however, concerning their respective theories of the sublime. In this article, the author first argues against the traditional, dialectical view of Schopenhauer's theory of the sublime that stresses the crucial role the sublime…

  8. Ruumid Mozarti ümber / Saale Kareda

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kareda, Saale, 1968-

    2006-01-01

    Mozarti muusika peegeldusi tänapäeva ühiskonnas ja muusikas. Georg Friedrich Haasi teosest "Sieben Klangräume zu den unvollendeten Fragmenten des Requiems KV 626 von W. A. Mozart" ("Seitse kõlaruumi Mozarti Reekviemi lõpetamata fragmentidele")

  9. The Current Evidence for Hayek’s Cultural Group Selection Theory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brad Lowell Stone

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article I summarize Friedrich Hayek’s cultural group selection theory and describe the evidence gathered by current cultural group selection theorists within the behavioral and social sciences supporting Hayek’s main assertions. I conclude with a few comments on Hayek and libertarianism.

  10. Ohlasy filozofie Georga Wilhelma Friedricha Hegela v hudebněteoretickém díle Moritze Hauptmanna

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Myslivcová, Eva

    2015-01-01

    Roč. 52, č. 2 (2015), s. 221-229 ISSN 0018-7003 Institutional support: RVO:68378076 Keywords : Georg Wilhelm Friedrich Hegel * Moritz Hauptmann * Die Natur der Harmonik und der Metrik * music theory Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  11. Allegory and Nietzschean Values in Kafka, Camus, and Kazantzakis

    OpenAIRE

    Naylor, Paul Kenneth

    1981-01-01

    The purpose of this these is to explore Nietzschean values as they appear in three modern allegories: Franz Kafka's The Castle, Albert Camus' The Plague, and Nikos Kazantzakis' Zorba the Greek. The intent is to illustrate Friedrich Nietzsche's three stages of the overman as they apply to Kafka, Camus, and Kazantzakis. (91 pages).

  12. Baltisakslase romaan : teos ja autor / Ljubov Kisseljova ; venekeelsest käsikirjast tõlkinud Mall Jõgi

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kisseljova, Ljubov, 1950-

    2016-01-01

    Analüüsitakse Eestist pärit parun Karl Georg Woldemar Friedrich von Roseni almanahhis "Altsiona" 1831. aastal ilmunud väikest romaani "Constantin Loeven. (Minu mälestustest)". Romaanis on oluline 19. sajandi alguse kreeklaste vabadusvõitluse kontekst

  13. Armastus ei hävi ilmaski ? / Dea Martinjonis

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Martinjonis, Dea

    1999-01-01

    24. novembril esitles Eesti Draamateater õllekeldris "Karl Friedrich 30. novembril esietenduvat Ödon von Horvathi näidendit "Kasimir ja Karoline" : lavastaja Priit Pedajas, kunstnik Pille Jänes. Ajakirjanike ees mängiti katkend lavastusest ja lauldi õllelaule

  14. What is the social in social media?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lovink, G.W.

    2012-01-01

    The use of the word “social” in the context of information technology goes back to the very beginnings of cybernetics. It later pops up in the 1980s context of “groupware.” The recent materialist school of Friedrich Kittler and others dismissed the use of the word “social” as irrelevant fluff – what

  15. Antonio Buero Vallejo y Rodolfo Usigli: Historiografía y dramaturgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Schmidhuber de la Mora

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a comparative analysis of the historical plays written by Mexican Rodolfo Usigli and by Spanish Antonio Buero Vallejo in the critical light of Friedrich Nietzsche and Hayden White, so as to explore the validity of Iberoamerican theatre as historiography. It also examines the relationship between history, metaphor, synecdoche and metonymy in their plays

  16. Theorizing the place of evil within Sam Ukala's Radical Theatre: A ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The perspectives of evil in this essay will be drawn mainly from the works of such thinkers as Paul Ricoeur, St Augustine, and Friedrich Nietzsche, yet not excluding occasional insights from thinkers like Immanuel Kant, Richard B. Sewall, and so on. Sam Ukala's Akpakaland, Break a Boil and Odour of Justice are the plays to ...

  17. The Potentiation of Meaning through Translative Reading: Poetic Translation and the Case of Gottfried Benn

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Ian Egon

    2009-01-01

    The theory of literary translation has been plagued by a disregard of the comprehensive aspect of the task since its inception, largely focusing on the challenges of the expressive aspect instead. This development throughout the history of translation--with the notable exceptions of Martin Luther and Friedrich Schleiermacher--has led to…

  18. Jaapanlased filmisid Struvet ja Tartu Tähetorni / Marju Himma

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Himma, Marju

    2009-01-01

    Jaapani telekanali TBS Vision telesarja "Maailmapärand" ("The World Heritage") jaoks filmiti Tartus tähetorni ning astronoomi Friedrich Georg Wilhelm Struvet kehastavat Juho Juutilainenit, teemaks Sruve geodeetiline kaar. Sari valmib UNESCO ja Sony koostöös

  19. "Avatud värav - Open Gate" : das Kinder-, Jugend- Schutz- und Ausbilduingshaus Kiekel/Kiikla / Luts Dettmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Dettmann, Lutz

    2016-01-01

    Väikesest Kiikla mõisast Ida-Virumaal, kus mõisniku külaliseks oli sageli ka Friedrich Ferdinand von Kotzebue (1761-1819). 2000. aastal alustati seal projektiga "Avatud värav". Selle raames tegutseb Kiiklas alates 2008. aastast lastekodu

  20. The crowd in the Occupy movement

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ossewaarde, Marinus R.R.

    2013-01-01

    In this article, I recast Elias Canetti's notion of crowds by placing it in the framework provided by Friedrich Nietzsche's Heraclitean dialectic of Apollonian and Dionysian opposites. The argument is introduced that, in European societies, the forms of social existence are mainly Apollonian,

  1. Burke, Nietzsche, Lacan: Three Perspectives on the Rhetoric of Order.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Thomas, Douglas

    1993-01-01

    Examines the complex relationship between rhetoric and order in the works of Kenneth Burke, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Jacques Lacan. Argues for three differing, yet complementary, views of rhetoric and order, each having a corresponding epistemology and axiology. Concludes with an analysis of the construction of order in Thomas Hobbe's…

  2. Vanemuise sünd. Lisandusi eesti pseudomütoloogia ajaloole / Aivar Põldvee

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Põldvee, Aivar, 1962-

    2013-01-01

    Seni vähe tähelepanu leidnud tahkudest Vanemuise sünniloos. Kirstian Jaak Petersoni ja Friedrich Robert Faehlmanni Vanemuise käsitlustest. Eelloona vajalikest Thomas Hiärne ja Garlieb Helwig Merkeli muinasloo käsitlustest. Eestlaste ja soomlaste sugulusest ja ühismütoloogiast

  3. Neue Lautzeichen im Advanced Learners Dictionary (ALD). Stellungnahmen zum Pro und Kontra (New Sound Symbols in the Advanced Learners Dictionary [ALD]. Considerations Pro and Con)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zielsprache Englisch, 1976

    1976-01-01

    The phonetic symbols in the "Advanced Learners Dictionary" (Oxford University Press, London) are discussed critically in articles by L. Alfes, H. Arndt, E. Bauch, G. Dahlmann-Resing, W. Friedrich, E. Germer, B. Haycraft, H. P. Kelz. Reference is made to an earlier article "Neue Zeichen", by H. G. Hoffmann. (Text is in German.)…

  4. Impossible Geometric Constructions: A Calculus Writing Project

    Science.gov (United States)

    Awtrey, Chad

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses a writing project that offers students the opportunity to solve one of the most famous geometric problems of Greek antiquity; namely, the impossibility of trisecting the angle [pi]/3. Along the way, students study the history of Greek geometry problems as well as the life and achievements of Carl Friedrich Gauss. Included is…

  5. Rediscovering Froebel: A Call to Re-Examine His Life and Gifts

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manning, John P.

    2005-01-01

    This article examines the life of Friedrich Froebel, the founder of the kindergarten movement and his first 10 "gifts to children." The author suggests that Froebel's philosophy of German Romanticism caused the waning use of his methods. He continues to state that Froebel's development of instructional material and structured play-based curricula…

  6. Toomkiriku Saueri orel saab korda! / Hugo Lepnurm, Toomas Mäeväli ; interv. Alo Põldmäe

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lepnurm, Hugo, 1914-1999

    1998-01-01

    Prof. Hugo Lepnurm ja orelimeister Toomas Mäeväli Toomkiriku Saueri oreli restaureerimise käigust saksa firmas Orgelwerkstatt Christian Scheffler. Oreli sisseõnnistamine 1. augustil 1998. Samas andmed oreli elukäigust. Oreli ehitas 1858. a. saksa meister Friedrich Ladegast. Eestis viimasel ajal töökorda saadud teistest orelitest.

  7. None So Blind: Early Childhood Education and Care--The Connective Tissue

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gammage, Philip

    2007-01-01

    The author makes sense of the story of his professional life through the eyes of several important writers and teachers on education and says that, for him, Bridget Plowden ranks alongside John Dewey, Friedrich Froebel, Ben Morris and A.S. Neill.

  8. Mental Maps and Ethnocentrism: Geographic Characterizations in the Past.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Elliott, Harold M.

    1979-01-01

    Reexamines geographic thought regarding ethnocentrism as expressed in the writings including Ellen Churchill Semple, Hendrick Willem Van Loon, Ellsworth Huntington, Roswell C. Smith, J. Olney, Henry Thomas Buckle, Georg Friedrich Hegel, Johann Gottfried Von Herder, Charles de Montesquieu, Ibn Khaldun, and Hippocrates. (DB)

  9. Pavel Josef Šafařík a Václav Hanka – dva obrozenské typy

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Černý, Marcel

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 58, 1-2 (2013), s. 9-19 ISSN 0036-5351 Institutional support: RVO:68378017 Keywords : Czech National Revival * Herderism * historiography * Šafařík, Pavel Josef (1795-1861) * Hanka, Václav (1791-1861) * Slavs * Rühs, Friedrich Christian (1781-1820) Subject RIV: AJ - Letters, Mass-media, Audiovision

  10. New adventures in low fidelity: towards a media-epistemic pluralism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hoogstad, J.H.

    2008-01-01

    By staging an encounter between Friedrich Kittler's 'Gramophone, Film, Typewriter' and Ralph Ellison's autobiographical story 'Living with Music', this essay makes a case for a media-epistemic pluralism. It argues that a medium does not function autonomously, but always forms a complex constellation

  11. Labor recruitment and economic freedoms in Europe

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cremers, Jan; Rozanova, Marya S.

    2016-01-01

    In the spring of 2015, Jan Cremers (UvT-TLS) contributed to an international congress in Saint Petersburg dedicated to labor migration. The conference was organized by the state university of Saint Petersburg, the Friedrich-Ebert-Foundation in the Russian Federation, the Center for Civil, Social,

  12. Nietzsche’s reception of Darwinism

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Mostert, Pieter

    1979-01-01

    It has been generally assumed that the influence of Charles Darwin's theory of evolution on Friedrich Nietzsche (1844- 1900) is to be understood in terms of Nietzsche's concept """"Obermensch"""" (overman). Hardly any attention has been paid to the question of the status of Darwin's theory in

  13. Dada som spontaneitetens Gesamtkunstwerk

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Munch, Anders V.

    2008-01-01

    dadaseancerne var at skabe en ny umiddelbar sammehæng i kunsten eller ligefrem en spontan forening af kunstarterne. Artiklen undersøger det spørgsmål i en sammenligning med kunstsynet hos Richard Wagner og Friedrich W. Nietzsche. Den er et afsnit fra den endnu upublicerede afhandling, Fra Bayreuth til Bauhaus...

  14. Murder and Self-constrained Modernity

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Kim Toft

    the point of view of tragedy. A well-known suggestion – from e.g. the theories of Friedrich Nietzsche and George Steiner – is that tragedy deals with metaphysical horrors. And the above mentioned examples are but some of the existing cases in question. These are but a pivotal excerpt of a corpus of recent...

  15. In Cite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Elias, Camelia

    Acker, Friedrich Nietzsche, David Markson, Andrei Codrescu, and a host of others, gather here to offer an answer. --"Camelia Elias speaks to the reader from that place where the language of the birds becomes the language of silence." (Patrick Blackburn, Professor of Formal Logic, Roskilde University)...

  16. The Tragic Vertical Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thorborg, Christoffer

    2016-01-01

    Departing from Friedrich Nietzsche's seminal work, The Birth of Tragedy, the article asks whether it is possible to continue the use of tragedy in a hermeneutic interpretation of the other classical Greek artistic forms, and, further, whether such a reading can reach general conclusions about...

  17. Antonio Buero Vallejo y Rodolfo Usigli: Historiografía y dramaturgia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Guillermo Schmidhuber de la Mora

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available The article proposes a comparative analysis of the historical plays written by Mexican Rodolfo Usigli and by Spanish Antonio Buero Vallejo in the critical light of Friedrich Nietzsche and Hayden White, so as to explore the validity of Iberoamerican theatre as historiography. It also examines the relationship between history, metaphor, synecdoche and metonymy in their plays

  18. Livets febrile hemmeligheder. Et litterært slægtskab mellem Henrik Pontoppidan og Thomas Mann

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vangshardt, Rasmus

    filosofferne Arthur Schopenhauer og Friedrich Nietzsche – og med Thomas Mann. Det giver samtidig anledning til en revurdering af De Dødes Riges slutning: Siden bogens udgivelse har litterater diskuteret, hvorvidt dens slut-utopi er beundringsværdig eller tynd. Men Livets febrile hemmeligheder påpeger noget...

  19. Para além da moral: uma perspectiva de Shrek

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fossatti, Carolina Lanner

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo explora a narrativa do filme Shrek sob o olhar do filósofo alemão Friedrich Nietzsche. As idéias do filósofo, principalmente seus questionamentos sobre a moral e os valores tradicionais, são aqui trabalhadas para compreender os temas apresentados no desenho animado

  20. Den vitalistiske strømning i dansk litteratur omkring år 1900

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dam, Anders Ehlers

    nylæsninger deres værker i spil med århundredskiftets billedkunst og musik, repræsenteret af J.F. Willumsen og Carl Nielsen. Den livsdyrkende kunst i Danmark sættes desuden ind i sin internationale idéhistoriske sammenhæng. Her er de tyske filosoffer Arthur Schopenhauer og Friedrich Nietzsche i fokus....

  1. Fri vilje og posttraumatisk subjektivitet

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pallesen, Carsten

    2012-01-01

    Against the grain of recent exegetical trends in Biblical exegesis on St. Paul the article argues for an expressivist reading of the question of free will in G.W.F.Hegel, Friedrich Nietzsche, Martin Luther. This reading is inspired by Robert Pippin and discussed in recent exegetical accounts...

  2. Becoming jelly

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Smedegaard Ernst Bengtsen, Søren; Nørgård, Rikke Toft

    2014-01-01

    theory, which is capable of addressing the half-formed, premature and idiosyncratic dimensions of learning processes present in the everyday life of higher education. Inspired by the jelly as a metaphor, and drawing on thinkers such as Richard Sennett, Graham Harman and Friedrich Nietzsche, we call...

  3. Lys over landet, men hvilket lys?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hjermitslev, Hans Henrik

    2017-01-01

    mellem videnskab og dannelse på folkehøjskolerne og analysere konflikten mellem brandesianisme og grundtvigianisme, som den fremkom i forbindelse med modtagelsen og anvendelsen af henholdsvis Charles Darwins og Friedrich Nietzsches ideer i den danske offentlighed. Dernæst vil jeg undersøge polemikken om...

  4. Dostoevsky’s novels as classic tragedies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik Egeberg

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Friedrich Nietzsche’s treatise “Die Geburt der Tragödie aus dem Geiste der Musik” (1872 has, with the symbolist poet and critic Vyacheslav Ivanov as an important intermediary, exerted a strong influence on Dostoevsky scholarship which can be traced up to this day. The present short paper discusses some aspects of this tradition of interpretation.

  5. Evangelický kostel v Třinci

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Mezihoráková, Klára

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 65, č. 1 (2016), s. 13-22 ISSN 1211-3131 Institutional support: RVO:68378033 Keywords : Třinec * Evangelic Church * 19th century architecture * Friedrich Fulda * Luwig Kametz * Julius Leisching Subject RIV: AL - Art, Architecture, Cultural Heritage

  6. Spectral deformation techniques applied to the study of quantum statistical irreversible processes

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Courbage, M.

    1978-01-01

    A procedure of analytic continuation of the resolvent of Liouville operators for quantum statistical systems is discussed. When applied to the theory of irreversible processes of the Brussels School, this method supports the idea that the restriction to a class of initial conditions is necessary to obtain an irreversible behaviour. The general results are tested on the Friedrichs model. (Auth.)

  7. The Novel as the Book’s Future Anterior

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lupton, Tina Jane

    2016-01-01

    Abstract This article asks what it means to consider a twenty-first-century novel as a machine able to talk about its own materiality. Is it a series of keystrokes or digital files or marks on a page? If, as Friedrich Kittler presumes, digital technology has boosted the autopoietic qualities of t...

  8. The Southern Black Tit Melaniparus niger in Tanzania with ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    by Friedrich Fülleborn at Undis south of Tunduru near the Tanzania – Mozambique border (11°17'S ... and was not included in any reference books or field guides. None of these ... was clearly a dark-eyed leucomelas rather than a pale-eyed.

  9. A Reflection on Educating College Students about the Value of Public-Sector Unions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mooney, Christine; Volchok, Edward

    2016-01-01

    This year, labor unions got a reprieve: The Supreme Court deadlocked in a much-anticipated case that could have turned almost every state into Wisconsin, where partisan interests have crippled union power. The case, "Friedrichs vs. California Teachers Association," addressed a previous case, "Abood v. Detroit Board of…

  10. Wissenschaft, Politikberatung und Verantwortung = Teadus, poliitikanõustamine ja vastutus / Wolfgang Drechsler

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Drechsler, Wolfgang, 1963-

    2005-01-01

    Teaduspõhine poliitikanõustamine on keeruline ettevõtmine, problemaatiline ja kahetähenduslik, vastutus selle tasakaalus hoidmise eest lasub aga autori hinnangul siiski teadlase enda õlul. Vt. ka Carl Friedrich Gethmann'i kommentaari lk. 144-151,405-411 ja Jüri Engelbrechti kommentaari lk. 152-154,412-414

  11. Spectral properties of some differential and pseudodifferential operators. Applications to some quark models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Benci, V; Fortunato, D [Istituto di Matematica Applicata, Bari (Italy)

    1981-04-21

    Some self-adjoint operators, which are the Friedrichs realization in L/sup 2/ of a class of nonelliptic differential operators, are shown to have a positive, discrete spectrum. The results obtained are applied to study operators which occur in the dynamical description of some elementary particles.

  12. Bagatellid : Maailm / Nele-Eva Steinfeld

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Steinfeld, Nele-Eva

    2009-01-01

    Muusikasõnumeid maailmast: Gramophone Award 2009 võitjatest. Simon Rattle jääb Berliini Filharmoonikute juurde aastani 2018. Alfred Brendel pälvis Jaapani maineka preemia. Uudiseid konkursimaailmast. Christian Thielemannist saab järgmine Dresdeni Riigikapelli peadirigent. Kõlas Preisimaa kuninga Friedrich Suure flööt

  13. Peterburi eestlased Õpetatud Eesti Seltsis / Kersti Taal

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Taal, Kersti, 1953-

    2008-01-01

    Fr. R. Kreutzwaldi osatähtsusest Õpetatud Eesti Seltsi ja Peterburi eestlaste ühendamisel. Kreutzwaldi reisist Peterburi. Philipp Karellist, Gustav Hirschist, Friedrich Enghoffist, Jakob Johnsonist, Johann Kölerist, Nikolai Mühlbergist, Cornelius Laalandist ja Nižni-Novgorodis elanud Joseph Kirnbachist

  14. Pygmalion og Klio

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Langkjær, Michael Alexander

    2002-01-01

    Erfaringer under udarbejdelsen af en kontrafaktisk historie om Johann Friedrich Syruensees år ved magten 1772-92 har vist at mytetænkning rummer betydelige perspektiver for historieskrivning. Når kildegrundlaget er ufuldstændigt, finder mytetænkningen anvendelse som et middel til at strukturere h...

  15. Sand Face: Humanism after Antihumanism

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arcilla, René V.

    2015-01-01

    Have the critiques of humanism of the 1960s and 1970s buried this idea once and for all? Or is there a way that humanism can absorb some of this antihumanist thinking and thereby renew itself? Drawing on writings of Michel Foucault, Charles Taylor, Friedrich Nietzsche, and Martin Heidegger in order to illuminate artworks by Robert Smithson and…

  16. Montaigne, Nietzsche, and the Mnemotechnics of Student Agency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bingham, Charles

    2007-01-01

    This essay explores the educational implications of the thought of Michel de Montaigne and Friedrich Nietzsche on the subject of memory. It explores the sorts of cultural memory practices that Nietzsche has called "mnemotechnics", that is, the aspects of memory use that allow human beings to live life more fully. Nietzsche and Montaigne's work is…

  17. El testimonio femenino y la potencia colectiva de las narrativas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvia Monroy Álvarez

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Palabras de mujeres. Proyectos de vida y memoria colectiva. Marie Estripeaut-Bourjac (Compiladora. Siglo del Hombre Editores, Centro de Competencia en Comunicación para América Latina C3 de la Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, Bogotá, 2012, 319 págs., il.

  18. Love and Ruin(s): Robert Frost on Moral Repair

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Jeff

    2011-01-01

    This essay begins where Alasdair MacIntyre's "After Virtue" begins: facing a moral world in ruin. MacIntyre argues that this predicament leaves us with a choice: we can follow the path of Friedrich Nietzsche, accepting this moral destruction and attempting to create lives in a rootless, uncertain world, or the path of Aristotle, working to reclaim…

  19. Eucalyptus helped solve a timber problem: 1853-1880

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gayle M. Groenendaal

    1983-01-01

    California was settled in an era before the full impact of the industrial revolution that was taking place in Great Britain was fully realized, a revolution that was to change the course of western culture more drastically than any previous time in history. Friedrich Engels wrote in 1845 of the industrial revolution as "a revolution which at the same time changed...

  20. Problems of nuclear energy - chances, risks and perspectives in a changing energy economy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schlutter, A.

    1977-01-01

    Report on the international congress of the Friedrich Ebert Foundation on Oct. 3/4, 1977 in Bad Godesberg. The aim of the meeting was to satisfy the population's interest in nuclear energy by presenting the situation without polemic and agression. (HP) [de