WorldWideScience

Sample records for logic met jawa

  1. ARBO-VLV: beoordeling met fuzzy logic van arbeidsomstandigheden in een vleesvarkensstal

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Drost, H.; Satter, I.H.G.

    2000-01-01

    Until now, assessment of working conditions occurs mainly in a qualitative way or quantitative but in different variables. Because of this, interpretation results of similar data differ between researchers. The aim of this study is to develop a fuzzy logic model for quantitative assessment of

  2. JANENGAN SEBAGAI SENI TRADISIONAL ISLAM-JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akhmad Arif Junaidi

    2013-12-01

    Tulisan ini dilatarbelakangi satu realitas budaya yang dihasilkan dari kehidupan masyarakat Muslim Jawa khususnya seni musik tradisional Islam-Jawa. Ekspresi kebudayaan Islam-Jawa dalam seni musik ini sangat beragam dan mencerminkan keberagaman “wajah” Islam yang telah beradaptasi dengan budaya lokal. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa Janengan merupakan perwujudan dari perpaduan tiga unsur tradisi musik, yakni tradisi musik Jawa, tradisi musik Islam Timur Tengah (Arab dan kini telah dikembangkan dengan kombinasi musik Barat seperti pop. Perpaduan ketiga unsur tradisi musik yang berbeda ini membentuk suatu hasil kreativitas yang unik bercirikan musik Jawa. Musik tradisional Islam-Jawa ini juga melahirkan nilai-nilai yang meliputi nilai-nilai musikal, nilai-nilai kultural, dan nilai-nilai religius. Secara tematik syair-syair Janengan berisi berbagai ajaran seperti akidah (tauhid, syari’at dan tasawuf.

  3. Seismotektonik dan Potensi Kegempaan Wilayah Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Soehaimi

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no4.20085A seismogenetic study shows the Jawa Island Arc and its subduction zone system belong to a highly active seismotectonic arc unit (west Jawa and Sumatera and an active seismotectonic arc unit (western part of West Jawa – Central Jawa – East Jawa. In general, these regions are part of the Indonesian Earthquake Hazard Zones No. VI, VII, VII and IX. The regions are characterized by the presence of rare earthquake of magnitude > 8.5 Richter Scale (western part of Java, frequent magnitude of 7 Richter Scale and common 5 - 6 Richter Scale (Southern part of Java. The potential hazardous earthquake in Jawa that is > 5,6 Richter Scale of magnitude and shallow depth (< 30 km is due to a subduction zone earthquake. Epicenter distance, magnitude, geological site conditions, population, and infrastructure are the index of earthquake hazard and risk in these regions. The earthquake hazard mitigation programme in the near future is a risk assesment based on macro and microzonation of earthquake hazard and risk. These macrozonation and microzonation assessments are essentially needed for provinces, districts, and cities.    

  4. ISLAM JAWA IN DIASPORA AND QUESTIONS ON LOCALITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maftukhin Maftukhin

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the translocal Islam Jawa (Javanese Islam that characterises the deterritorialisation of culture through space and time. Contrary to mainstream approaches to Islam Jawa that tends substantially picture Islam and Muslim in Java as a mere “localised form of Islam”, it sees Islam Jawa as a “translocal” practices. In addition, it sees that the idea of Islam Jawa travels, deterritorialises, and reterritorialises in different times and places. Therefore, what is imagined by scholars as “local Islam” is not local in traditional and geographical senses because Islam Jawa is formed, shaped and influenced by the mobility, entanglement, connectivity across oceans, regions, and borders. The Islam Jawa also travels to a different place, transcending the modern limits of nation-states' boundaries. Islam Jawa is a product and a consequence of the efforts to establish between “imagined” spatial and temporal congruence.

  5. POLITIK PENGGUNAAN BAHASA & LELUCON JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Herudjati Purwoko, Ph.D.

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with a Javanese joke commonly used by Javanese parents to teach their young children a kind of typical cultural wisdom in accordance with their effort of socializing subsistence ethics. The respondents are all postgraduate students. Their age is roughly distinguished into two broad categories: (1 around 30 years, and (2 above 40 years. Most of those in the first category do not understand the essence of the joke at all, whereas all of those in the second category do remember and completely understand it. The reasons for their un/intelligibility become of paramount importance. Besides, the discourse of the typical joke also shows that a tiny piece of such a traditional product may reveal the process of meaning-making, in the study of language use, which is very “political” in characteristics.  Makalah ini tentang lelucon Jawa yang digunakan oleh orangtua Jawa untuk mengajarkan kebijaksanaan khas kepada anak-anak sehubungan dengan usaha mereka dalam mensosialisasikan etika subsistensi. Para respondennya adalah mahasiswa pascasarjana. Usia mereka dibedakan dalam dua kategori: (1 sekitar 30 tahun, dan (2 di atas 40 tahun. Mereka yang dalam kategori satu tidak memahami esensi dari lelucon itu sama sekali, sementara yang dalam kategori dua mengingat dan memahaminya dengan baik. Alasan bagi mereka untuk tidak/memahami lelucon itu menjadi sangat penting. Di samping itu, wacana lelucon khas itu juga menunjukkan bahwa sebuah serpihan kecil dari produk tradisional semacam itu bisa mengungkap proses pembuatan-makna, dalam kajian penggunaan bahasa, yang bersifat sangat “politis”

  6. Inisiasi dalam Kisah Perjalanan Model Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dhanu Priyo Prabowo

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini bertujuan mengungkap inisiasi dalam kisah perjalanan model Ja- wa. Sebagai karya fiksi, kisah perjalanan model Jawa memendam dan menyiratkan tan- da-tanda yang berupa simbol-simbol yang harus diungkapkan kerumitan-kerumitan ni- lainya. Penelitian ini menggunakan teori semiotika. Teori semiotika menempatkan kar- ya sastra sebagai sistem tanda. Adapun metode yang dipergunakan adalah metode kuali- tatif. Data penelitian dikumpulkan melalui teknik studi pustaka. Dari hasil analisis dapat diungkapkan bahwa inisiasi dalam kisah perjalanan model Jawa dilakukan oleh tokoh cerita demi tujuan-tujuan tertentu yang berkaitan dengan pendewasaan dan pe- nyempurnaan diri selama hidup di dunia. Karya sastra Jawa genre kisah perjalanan mo- del Jawa ini mampu mentransformasikan budaya sastra Jawa yang lebih tua. Abstract: This paper aims to reveal initiation in Javanese model of travel writing. As fictional work, the travel writing in Javanese model contains and reflects signs in symbols that have to be revealed their detail values. The research was conducted using semiotics theory. The theory posits literary work as a sign symbol. The method conducted in this research was qualitative. The result shows that initiation in Javanese travel writing is conducted by those characters to perfect themself in living in the world. Javanese literary works in travel writing genre in Javanese model are able to transform older Javanese literary culture. Key Words: literature; transformation; initiations; educative; religious

  7. SIMBOL RAMA DAN EPOS RAMAYANA BAGI RAJA DAN MASYARAKAT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wachid Eko Purwanto

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Epos Ramayana merupakan epos kuno yang ditulis dalam tujuh kanda terdiri atas 24.000 sloka. Di Jawa epos Ramayana pertama kali muncul secara lengkap dalam bentuk relief di Candi Lara Jonggrang yang dibangun sekitar tahun 782 hingga 872 M. Epos tua yang hidup di masyarakat Jawa ini pastilah mempunyai ajaran. Tokoh Rama sebagai tokoh utama merupakan simbol paling utama dalam epos ini. Berkait dengan simbol ajaran, tokoh Rama dalam epos Ramayana Jawa mempunyai fungsi bagi Raja Jawa dan masyarakat Jawa. Bagi raja simbol tokoh Rama memiliki tiga fungsi utama. Pertama sebagai fungsi spiritual. Kedua adalah fungsi legitimasi kekuasaan. Ketiga adalah fungsi pencitraan. Adapun bagi masyarakat Jawa, simbol tokoh Rama memiliki dua fungsi utama. Pertama adalah fungsi spiritual. Kedua adalah fungsi filosofis.

  8. ISLAM ABOGE DALAM TRADISI JAWA ALASTUA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakirman Sakirman

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available Islam masuk ke tanah Jawa dalam keadaan penduduknya telah memiliki tradisi dan budaya berupa kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada benda-benda tertentu (dinamisme, adanya kekuatan pada arwah orang yang meninggal (animisme dan kepercayaan adanya kekuatan pada binatang-binatang (totemisme. Tradisi ini telah diwariskan secara turun temurun, diyakini, dan diamalkan dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. Ketika Islam datang, keyakinan dan kepercayaan tersebut  melebur dalam budaya Islam. Sehingga munculah apa yang disebut dengan sinkretisme Islam, yaitu akulturasi budaya Islam dengan tradisi lokal. Di antara bentuk akulturasi budaya lokal (Jawa dengan Islam adalah tradisi yang dianut oleh komunitas Islam Aboge. Komunitas ini melaksanakan tradisi-tradisi Jawa dengan dibumbui tradisi Islam, maka munculah Islam dengan cita rasa lokal (islam lokal. Kekhasan dari komunitas ini adalah masih menggunakan model Penanggalan Islam Jawa yakni Penanggalan Aboge untuk menetapkan awal Ramadhan, Hari Raya Idhul Fitri dan Idhul Adha. Kata Aboge adalah singkatan dari Alip Rebo Wage yang mempunyai arti Tanggal 1 Muharram Tahun Alif akan jatuh pada hari Rebo (Rabu pasaran Wage. Aboge adalah dasar perhitungan almanak (kalender dalam satu windu atau delapan tahun, maka yang dimaksud Aboge adalah dasar suatu perhitungan. Penggunaan penanggalan dengan sistem Aboge mengakibatkan pelaksanaan ibadah puasa, perayaan Idhul Fitri, dan Idhul Adha yang dilaksanakan oleh komunitas Aboge selalu mengalami perbedaan  dengan keputusan yang telah ditetapkan oleh pemerintah melalui sidang Itsbat.

  9. Data Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Jørgen Fischer

    A Gentle introduction to logical languages, logical modeling, formal reasoning and computational logic for computer science and software engineering students......A Gentle introduction to logical languages, logical modeling, formal reasoning and computational logic for computer science and software engineering students...

  10. Spiritualitas Budaya Jawa dalam Seni Tari Klasik Gaya Surakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvester Pamardi

    2016-02-01

    ABSTRAK   Seni tari klasik Jawa telah berkembang secara dinamis seiring dengan sejarah perkembang- an keraton-keraton di Jawa Tengah, terutama setelah abad XV yang dimulai pada era kerajaan Demak. Seni tari klasik Jawa hidup dan berkembang di lingkungan istana Mataram Islam sejak periode Panembahan Senapati di Kotagede, atau jaman Sultan Agung di keraton Plered sampai dengan berpindahnya keraton Mataram ke Kartasura. Metode penelitian ini konsentrasi utamanya pada penggunaan data kualitatif dengan per- tanyaan-pertanyaan ’mengapa’ dan ’bagaimana’ untuk mengungkap misteri yang berada di belakang fenomena yang ada. Tindakannya dilakukan dengan pendekatan multi disiplin dari ilmu-ilmu sejarah, sosial, dan koreografi. Peristiwa perjanjian Gianti pada tahun 1755 tidak saja berpengaruh dan berdampak pada kekuasaan raja Mataram yang harus membagi menjadi dua wilayah, yaitu wilayah Kasunanan Surakarta dan wilayah Kasultanan Yogyakarta, tetapi juga berimplikasi pada kehidupan ke- budayaan Jawa. Kebudayaan Jawa yang semula bersumber dari satu kerajaan, yaitu Mataram Kasunanan, kemudian menjadi dua corak, yaitu kebudayaan Jawa Surakarta dan Yogyakarta. Namun demikian, baik di istana Kasunanan Surakarta maupun istana Kasultanan Yogyakarta tetap mengembangkan kesenian klasik Jawa berdasarkan nilai-nilai budaya adiluhung walau- pun dalam corak atau gaya yang berbeda. Nilai-nilai spiritualitas ‘kejawen’ tetap menjadi sum- ber acuannya.   Kata kunci: seni tari, klasik, spiritualitas Jawa

  11. STUDI KOLEKSI REFERENSI RESERVOIR PENYAKIT DI DAERAH ENZOOTIK PES DI JAWA BARAT DAN JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto -

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available ENGLISHReservoir Reference Study Collection Disease, particularly rats have been conducted in several areas such as the enzootic plague area in the district of Nongkojajar, Pasuruan, East Java and Ciwidey district, Bandung regency, West Java. These were organized in May-October 2007. The method used for the collection and reference reservoir of disease is rodentia survey methods. Result of the reference collection reservoir of disease is the house rat Rattus tanezumi Nongkojajar found either in the of Pasuruan, East Java (3 rats and the District of Ciwidey (4 rats. Polynesian rat R. exulans, three rats were only found in the District Nongkojajar, whereas three rats R. tiomanicus, three rats were found in Ciwidey. In addition another types of mice were also found 1 Insectivora mice Suncus murinus in the District Ciwidey. Type of rats captured in habitat homes in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java and Pasuruan, East Java is the same type, namely house rat Rattus tanezumi. Types of mice caught in the habitat garden in the District Ciwidey Bandung regency, West Java (tiomanicus R. tree rats were different from mice found in Pasuruan, East Java (Polynesian rat R. exulans. Local environment in plague enzootic area in Pasuruan, East Java is mountainous and forest conservation area Bromo-Tengger, while District Ciwidey, Bandung is the highland tourism areas / mountainous and agricultural areas.INDONESIAKoleksi referensi reservoir penyakit khususnya tikus telah dilakukan di beberapa daerah enzootik pes seperti di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur dan Kecamatan Ciwidey, Kabupaten Bandung, Jawa Barat. Kegiatan tersebut dilaksanakan pada bulan Mei-Oktober 2007. Metode yang digunakan untuk koleksi dan referensi reservoir penyakit adalah metode survei rodensia. Hasil koleksi referensi reservoir penyakit adalah tikus rumah Rattus tanezumi ditemukan baik di Kecamatan Nongkojajar, Kabupaten Pasuruan, Jawa Timur (3 ekor maupun

  12. Fuzzy Logic vs. Neutrosophic Logic: Operations Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salah Bouzina

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available The goal of this research is first to show how different, thorough, widespread and effective are the operations logic of the neutrosophic logic compared to the fuzzy logic’s operations logical. The second aim is to observe how a fully new logic, the neutrosophic logic, is established starting by changing the previous logical perspective fuzzy logic, and by changing that, we mean changing changing the truth values from the truth and falsity degrees membership in fuzzy logic, to the truth, falsity and indeterminacy degrees membership in neutrosophic logic; and thirdly, to observe that there is no limit to the logical discoveries - we only change the principle, then the system changes completely.

  13. Aktualisasi Etika Kepemimpinan Jawa dalam Asthabrata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pardi Suratno

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available Nama Asthabrata sangat populer dalam kehidupan masyarakat Jawa karena sering muncul dalarn pagelaran wayang purwa. Ajaran Asthabrata mendapat apresiasi yang sangat luas oleh masyarakat Indonesia karena memuat ajaran kepemimpinan yang dapat dijadikan aspirasi bagi semua pihak yang sedang dan akan mengabdikan hidupnya bagi bangsa dan negara. Asthabrata merupakan kreativitas pujangga Jawa karena tidak dikcnal dalam Ramayana India (baru muncul dalam Ramayana Kakawin, Semua Asthabrata menampilkan figur pemimpin dalam sosok delapan dewa. Dalam perkernbangan lebih lanjut, budayawan Jawa memilih menampilkan figur pemimpin itu dalam sifat-sifat benda alam, yakni bumi, matahari, bulan, bintang, laut, angin, dan awan. Penampilan figur pernimpin dalam sifat benda-benda alam tersebut lebih netral sebagai pilihan cerdas pujangga Jawa. Abstract: The name of Asthabrata is very popular among Javanese live because of its frequent appearance in the wayang purwa performance. Asthabrata teachings have got a wide appreciation from Indonesian people because it carries leadership teachings which can be an aspiration to everyone who is dedicating and will dedicate their lives to their nation and country. Asthabrata is the creativity of the Javanese men of letters for not discovered in Indian's Ramayana (not until Ramayana Kakawin. All Asthabrata present a leader figure in the characters of eight gods. In further progress, Javanese culture vultures chose to present the leader figure in the characters of natural objects. namely earth, Sun, moon, star, ocean, wind, and cloud. The performance of a leader figure in the characters of the natural objects is more neutral as a smart choice of Javanese man of letters. " Keywords: creativity, Asthabrata, leader

  14. Student Well-being pada Remaja Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tri Na'imah

    2017-10-01

    Abstrak: Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan sumber student well-being pada remaja Jawa. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan penelitian kuantitatif dan didukung dengan kualitatif. Lokasi penelitian di Banyumas dengan teknik cluster random sampling. Instrumen pengumpulan data menggunakan skala student well-being dan openquesioner sumber student well-being serta panduan wawancara. Analisis data kuantitatif menggunakan deskriptif. Hasil penelitian adalah: 1 Sumber-sumber student well-being adalah dimensi hubungan sosial, kognitif, emosi dan spiritual. 2 Faktor penghambat tercapainya student well-being adalah jika ada masalah dalam dimensi sosial, kognitif, emosi, fisik dan spiritual.

  15. Embedding Logics into Product Logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Baaz, M.; Hájek, Petr; Krajíček, Jan; Švejda, David

    1998-01-01

    Roč. 61, č. 1 (1998), s. 35-47 ISSN 0039-3215 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA1030601 Grant - others:COST(XE) Action 15 Keywords : fuzzy logic * Lukasiewicz logic * Gödel logic * product logic * computational complexity * arithmetical hierarchy Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  16. Logical labyrinths

    CERN Document Server

    Smullyan, Raymond

    2008-01-01

    This book features a unique approach to the teaching of mathematical logic by putting it in the context of the puzzles and paradoxes of common language and rational thought. It serves as a bridge from the author's puzzle books to his technical writing in the fascinating field of mathematical logic. Using the logic of lying and truth-telling, the author introduces the readers to informal reasoning preparing them for the formal study of symbolic logic, from propositional logic to first-order logic, a subject that has many important applications to philosophy, mathematics, and computer science. T

  17. Mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Kleene, Stephen Cole

    1967-01-01

    Undergraduate students with no prior instruction in mathematical logic will benefit from this multi-part text. Part I offers an elementary but thorough overview of mathematical logic of 1st order. Part II introduces some of the newer ideas and the more profound results of logical research in the 20th century. 1967 edition.

  18. BDI Logics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meyer, J.J.Ch.; Broersen, J.M.; Herzig, A.

    2015-01-01

    This paper presents an overview of so-called BDI logics, logics where the notion of Beliefs, Desires and Intentions play a central role. Starting out from the basic ideas about BDI by Bratman, we consider various formalizations in logic, such as the approach of Cohen and Levesque, slightly

  19. Dispositional logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Le Balleur, J. C.

    1988-01-01

    The applicability of conventional mathematical analysis (based on the combination of two-valued logic and probability theory) to problems in which human judgment, perception, or emotions play significant roles is considered theoretically. It is shown that dispositional logic, a branch of fuzzy logic, has particular relevance to the common-sense reasoning typical of human decision-making. The concepts of dispositionality and usuality are defined analytically, and a dispositional conjunctive rule and dispositional modus ponens are derived.

  20. STUDI FENOMENOLOGI FINANCIAL LITERACY PENGRAJIN LOGAM DI PROPINSI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lilia Pasca Riani

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mendeskripsikan memetakan kondisi financial literacy pengrajin logam di Propinsi Jawa Timur. Adapun pendekatan penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dengan menerapkan studi fenomenologi. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan wawancara mendalam dengan 8 pengrajin logam. Hasil dari penelitian ini adalah peneliti memperoleh 4 dimensi kondisi financial literacy pengrajin logam di Propinsi Jawa Timur, yaitu dimensi pengetahuan tentang istilah keuangan, dimensi manajemen uang, dimensi pencatatan keuanga dan sistem kerjan, serta penjelasan kondisi financial literacy pengrajin logam dari sisi pengetahuan tentang pajak.

  1. Logic Meeting

    CERN Document Server

    Tugué, Tosiyuki; Slaman, Theodore

    1989-01-01

    These proceedings include the papers presented at the logic meeting held at the Research Institute for Mathematical Sciences, Kyoto University, in the summer of 1987. The meeting mainly covered the current research in various areas of mathematical logic and its applications in Japan. Several lectures were also presented by logicians from other countries, who visited Japan in the summer of 1987.

  2. KENAKALAN REMAJA DI PROPINSI JAWA BARAT DAN BALI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Sapardiyah Santoso

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Telah dilakukan penelitian di propinsi Jawa Barat dan Bali, tentang kenakalan remaja yang meliputi sifat dan perilaku remaja dalam mengendarai kendaraan bermotor dengan kecepalan tinggi (ngebut. keterlibatan perkelahian antar pelajar, termasuk keinginan untuk tidak mengikuti pelajaran di sekolah (membolos, meninggalkan rumah tanpa seizin orang tua, dan melakukan coret-coret di dinding, tindakan kriminal termasuk pemerasan, pencurian serta perusakan gedung. Responden adalah remaja berumur 13—19 tahun yang masih sekolah atau sudah putus sekolah, belum menikah dan berada di wilayah puskesmas terpilih. Jumlah responden 1110 remaja di Jawa Barat (Bandung dan Cianjur dan 877 remaja di propinsi Bali (Denpasar dan Gianyar. Pengumpulan data kuantitatif dilakukan dengan menggunakan kuesioner, sedangkan data kualitatif dikumpulkan melalui diskusi kelompok terarah (DKT. Sebagai hasil penelitian dapat dikemukakan disini bahwa remaja yang pernah mengendarai kendaraan bermotor dengan kecepatan tinggi di Jawa Barat-urban sebesar 22,4%, sementara di rural 10,6%. Sebaliknya di Bali di urban hanya 18,4%, sedangkan di rural 22,4%. Pengalaman pemah absen tidak mengikuti pelajaran di sekolah tanpa izin guru (membolos di Jawa Barat-urban 51,9%, rural 33,7%, sebaliknya di Bali-urban 30,1%, rural 37,1% dan meninggalkan rumah tanpa izin orang tua, secara berturut-turut dapat dikemukakan sebagai berikut : di Jawa Barat-urban 54,4%, rural 42,3% sementara di Bali-urban 58,4%, rural 52,7%. Kenakalan remaja berupa coret-coret dinding baik di propinsi Jawa Barat maupun di Bali cukup tinggi juga. Di propinsi Jawa Barat hampir seimbang yaitu untuk urban 26,3%, sedangkan di rural 23,6%. Sebaliknya di Bali-urban 31,7% lebih tinggi daripada di rural 19,6%. Bentuk kenakalan remaja yang lain kearah kriminalitas, meliputi pemerasan dan pencurian ditemukan pula melalui penelitian di Jawa Barat-urban, remaja yang pernah melakukan pemerasan hanya sekitar 2,2%. Nampaknya di rural agak

  3. Morphostructural Development of Gunungsewu Karst, Jawa Island

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. D. Tjia

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available DOI: 10.17014/ijog.v8i2.157Gunungsewu Karst (also known as Sewu karst in the literature is synonymous with morphology of a carbonate terrain dominated by hills crowned by accordant-level tops that developed in a humid tropical environment by comparatively more rapid dissolution and denudation. In addition, the hills are sinoid to cone-shaped. Surface drainage is negligible compared to subsurface water flow. Abandoned channel segments and spatial arrangements of karst hills have been found to correspond with fracture patterns that are genetically associated with the regional compression direction of Jawa Island. Images derived from space platforms show many landform patterns that were neither known from ground-based nor from aerial photograph study. Landforms arranged in ring, multi-ring, spiral, polygonal, and long linear to serpentine patterns are common beside the expected depressions of dolines, poljes, and uvalas. The orientations of the long linear ridges appear to change systematically from those near the coast to those located inland. These linear ridges are interpreted as depositional fronts, most likely representing breaker zones. The youngest depositional ridge fronts, located nearest to the present shoreline, are parallel to the geological strike of Jawa Island. Toward the island’s interior, linear depositional fronts deviate in orientation by as much as 40o. This is now interpreted to have resulted from counterclockwise rotation of the Gunungsewu microplate since the late Middle Miocene. Similar CCW rotations are indicated by the paleomagnetic orientations of igneous rocks located farther east in the southern range of the island. Active tectonics is expressed in stage-wise net uplift of Gunungsewu whereas regional tilting appears negligible. Stacked and often paired river terraces (thus suggesting land uplift have been used to relatively date paleoarcheological finds. Very recent uplift on the coast show up in lazy-V limestone

  4. ANALISIS KEBERADAAN BIDAN DESA DAN DUKUN BAYI DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mochamad Setyo Pramono

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Background: The aim of the MDGs improving maternal health, one indicator is the proportion of aid delivery by trained health personnel. Related to this field which is spearheading the village midwife. The presence of the midwife profession not within the vacant land, because the tradition of the existence of traditional birth attendants have been there first. In the geographical and social conditions of a diverse society, where they can be a wealth of cultural treasures. Becomes interesting when the two interests are aligned but different backgrounds met in the field. How their existence in society, especially in rural areas whose traditions are still strong. Methods: This study was conducted in 2011 in four districts in East Java is Sampang, Probolinggo, Jombang and Madison. Refers to the characteristics of the election districts in East Java community is Madura, pandalungan, arek and Mataraman. This study combines quantitative and qualitative research. The data was collected by observation and in-depth interviews, informants were village midwives and traditional birth attendants in each region was selected health centers. Results: There is a dichotomy of senior midwives and midwives young. Senior midwife came mostly from outside the region. While a limited number of wide area coverage, it is not un comm on to make them choose to live in the central districts. As aresuIt, service delivery is limited. Relations senior midwife with pregnant women is quite high. Meanwhile, a young midwife from the local community though, is not necessarily acceptable in the neighborhood. Midwives are considered inexperienced young because young age, unmarried status or newly married. Meanwhile, the role of traditional birth attendants in rural areas is still quite significant, especially in Sampang and Probolinggo, there are still bold to help direct labor. In addition to knowledge of hereditary shamans, also based on modern medical knowledge gained

  5. Audit Media Relations Humas Sekretariat Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah untuk Peningkatan Publisitas

    OpenAIRE

    Farhatiningsih, Lizzatul; Pradekso, Tandiyo; Naryoso, Agus

    2013-01-01

    Nama : Lizzatul FarhatiningsihNIM : D2C009011Judul : Audit Media Relations Humas Sekretariat Daerah ProvinsiJawa Tengah untuk Peningkatan PublisitasABSTRAKPenelitian ini dilatarbelakangi karena kurang berperannya Biro HumasSetda Jawa Tengah dalam melakukan fungsi kehumasan terhadap PemerintahProvinsi Jawa Tengah. Humas telah melakukan banyak kegiatan namun efeknyapada pemberitaan tentang Pemerintah Provinsi yang muncul belum terasa. Namunkesesuaian melakukan banyak kegiatan tersebut belum dii...

  6. PENGKONSTRUKSIAN SEKTOR GURU DARI GRIYA JAWA: TAFSIR ATAS KAWRUH KALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josef Prijotomo

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Kawruh Kalang and Kawruh Griya are two Jawanese architectural texts being produced in the transitional period of the 19th to the 20th century. Following two of three steps of interpretation, as stated by Poespoprodjo, a study upon the guru-sector of Jawanese architecture is presented here. Among numerous findings of that study, one of them is the key position of the structural member named balandar-pangeret. This component not only direct and control the measurement of any Jawanese building, but also addressing the basic design chararacteristics of Jawa. It is then speculated that a Jawanese mode of design is embarked from the middle and then proceed downward to the earth and upward to reach the sky. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Teks Kawruh Kalang dan Kawruh Griya adalah teks arsitektur Jawa yang diproduksi dalam masa peralihan abad 19-20. Pengkajian atas teks tersebut dalam bentuk penafsiran-meng-'kata'-kan, memperlihatkan adanya pemikiran dasar penghadiran arsitektur yang bertolak dari balandar-pangeret, yakni balok-balok struktural yang ditopang oleh sakaguru. Masih dalam dimensi penafsiran sebagai meng-kata-kan, naskah yang dikaji diyakini mengindikasikan pemikiran arsitektural Jawa yang karakteristik yakni berawal dari tengah terus ke bawah, ke bumi, dan ke atas, ke angkasa. Kata kunci: griya jawa, sektor guru, balandar-pangeret, guru-acuan, guru-patokan.

  7. ANALISIS PENGARUH KONSUMSI ROKOK DENGAN KEMISKINAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnes Marisca Dian Sari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh kemiskinan dengan konsumsi rokok di Jawa Tengah tahun 2013 dan mengetahui pengaruh pajak rokok dengan konsumsi rokok di Jawa Tengah tahun 2013. Jenis data yang digunakan adalah data sekunder. Metode analisis yang digunakan ialah regresi Ordinary Least Square (OLS dengan data cross section tahun 2013 di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dengan 35 Kabupaten/Kota. Hasil penelitian ini adalah ketika Garis kemiskinan naik maka akan menaikan konsumsi rokok. Variabel Garis kemiskinan signifikan dan positif terhadap konsumsi rokok di Jawa Tengah tahun 2013.Variabel pajak rokok bernilai positif namun tidak signifikan. Variabel Kemiskinan dan pajak rokok mampu menjelaskan tingkat konsumsi rokok sebesar 0.1263% dan sisanya dijelaskan oleh variabel lain. F-statistik sebesar 2,31. F-tabel sebesar 1,37, dan t-tabel sebesar 2,034.Hasil penelitian dapat disimpulkan adanya pengaruh antara konsumsi rokok dengan kemiskinan di Jawa Tengah tahun 2013. Ketika konsumsi rokok di Jawa Tengah naik maka meningkatkan kemiskinan di Jawa Tengah pada Tahun 2013 dan pengaruh antara konsumsi rokok dan pajak rokok di Jawa Tengah pada tahun 2013 tidak signifikan tapi bernilai positif. Artinya kebijakan pajak di Jawa Tengah belum mampu untuk mengurangi konsumsi rokok di Jawa Tengah pada tahun 2013. Meskipun sudah ada pajak rokok namun konsumsi rokok tetap terus meningkat. The aims of this research were to find out the effects of poverty on cigarette consumption in Central Java in 2013 and to recognize the effects of tax cigarette on cigarette consumption in Central Java in 2013. The type of the data used was secondary data. The analysis method used was the regression of Ordinary Least Square (OLS with the cross section data of 2013 in 35 Districts of Central Java Province.The research results show that when the Poverty Line increases, it increases cigarette consumption. The variable on Poverty Line has effect on cigarette consumption in

  8. Propositional Logics of Dependence

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Yang, F.; Väänänen, J.

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we study logics of dependence on the propositional level. We prove that several interesting propositional logics of dependence, including propositional dependence logic, propositional intuitionistic dependence logic as well as propositional inquisitive logic, are expressively complete

  9. Intuitionistic hybrid logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braüner, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Intuitionistic hybrid logic is hybrid modal logic over an intuitionistic logic basis instead of a classical logical basis. In this short paper we introduce intuitionistic hybrid logic and we give a survey of work in the area.......Intuitionistic hybrid logic is hybrid modal logic over an intuitionistic logic basis instead of a classical logical basis. In this short paper we introduce intuitionistic hybrid logic and we give a survey of work in the area....

  10. Representasi Keluarga Jawa Dalam Film Jokowi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sapto Hudoyo

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Javanese family is smallest scope of Javanese society. Social conditions of thefamily can be represented in various ways through various media, such as through themedium of movie. Movie entitled Jokowi is a biopic film with Javanese background.The film tells the struggle of life in chronological order. The film depicts a life conditionsof character with the Javanese family, set in the period of 1960 through 2012. TheJavanese family concept from literature books that according with time frames or yearsof the story, is used as references for a family reading of social interaction that appearsfrom the primary data, they are pieces of movie scenes. This study aims to determinehow the Javanese family represented through the Jokowi film. The method used in thisresearch is descriptive qualitative method, with approach a representation theory ofStuart Hall as the reading method. Representation approach is used to posit the film asa medium that can construct the meaning through language (constructionist. So, it canappears 6 selected sequences, contains scenes which may represent a social life ofJavanese family inside the film. The results of this study showed a nearly balanced,which appears three equations, two shifts, and one difference. Equations that appearare: (1 social relations childhood in a family through the closeness between father andson was a toddler; (2 the status of teenage boys who attend school; and (3 a patternof domestic cooperation through the division of labor. Then, a shift that appears are: (1the social status of the family through a way of having a baby; (2 the role of parentsthrough of punishing the child after a fight. In addition, one significant difference thatappear is the closeness of father and son through the way of greeting each other. Keywords: family, Jawa, representation, and Jokowi

  11. Doa daLam Tradisi Islam Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Wahab Rosyidi

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Doa etymologically means request something to God in certain ways. while some ulama define doa is a self statement presence to Allah the Almighty about our weakness, shortages, inabilities, and disgraces, then we ask Allah the Almighty in order the weaknesses, shortages, inabilities, and humiliations are removed and replaced with the strengths, capabilities and a high degree both in human sight and in Allah sight. In the theory needs said, that basically human beings need to feel safe (safety need, and the safety need leads to the two forms, namely: safety needs of life and safety needs of the property. Safety needs emerged as the most important requirement if psychology needs have been fullfilled. this behavior as reflected in the lives of Javanese who always do doa  in the form of slametan ceremony. Slametan aims to achieve slamet (safety, namely a condition in which the events will move smoothly to follow a predetermined path and will not happen misfortunes to just anyone.   Doa Secara etimologi artinya memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT dengan cara- cara tertentu. Sedangkan beberapa ulama mendefinisikan doa berarti pernyataan diri ke hadirat Allah SWT tentang kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan kita, kemudian kita memohon sesuatu kepada Allah SWT agar kelemahan, kekurangan, ketidakmampuan serta kehinaan ini diangkat dan digantikan dengan kelebihan, kemampuan serta derajat yang tinggi baik di sisi manusia maupun di sisi-Nya. Dalam teori kebutuhan dikatakan; bahwa pada dasarnya manusia membutuhkan rasa aman (safety need, dan rasa aman itu mengarah pada dua bentuk yakni kebutuhan keamanan jiwa dan keamanan harta. Kebutuhan rasa aman muncul sebagai kebutuhan yang paling penting kalau kebutuhan psikologis telah terpenuhi. Hal tersebut sebagaimana tercermin dalam perilaku hidup orang Jawa yang selalu melakukan Doa dalam bentuk upacara slametan. Slametan bertujuan untuk mencapai keadaan slamet, yaitu suatu keadaan dimana peristiwa

  12. Fuzzy logic

    CERN Document Server

    Smets, P

    1995-01-01

    We start by describing the nature of imperfect data, and giving an overview of the various models that have been proposed. Fuzzy sets theory is shown to be an extension of classical set theory, and as such has a proeminent role or modelling imperfect data. The mathematic of fuzzy sets theory is detailled, in particular the role of the triangular norms. The use of fuzzy sets theory in fuzzy logic and possibility theory,the nature of the generalized modus ponens and of the implication operator for approximate reasoning are analysed. The use of fuzzy logic is detailled for application oriented towards process control and database problems.

  13. Separation Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Reynolds, John C.

    2002-01-01

    In joint work with Peter O'Hearn and others, based on early ideas of Burstall, we have developed an extension of Hoare logic that permits reasoning about low-level imperative programs that use shared mutable data structure. The simple imperative programming language is extended with commands (not...... with the inductive definition of predicates on abstract data structures, this extension permits the concise and flexible description of structures with controlled sharing. In this paper, we will survey the current development of this program logic, including extensions that permit unrestricted address arithmetic...

  14. Optimalisasi Pendidikan Anak Usia Dini (PAUD Guna Meningkatkan Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM di Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ihsana Sabriani Borualogo

    2006-09-01

    Untuk itu, pemerintah daerah dapat menjalin kerjasama kemitraan dengan perguruan tinggi untuk dapat melakukan upaya optimalisasi PAUD guna meningkatkan IPM di Jawa Barat. Dengan kerjasama kemitraan ini diharapkan dapat membantu meningkatkan indeks rata-rata lama sekolah dan indeks melek huruf, sehingga IPM di Jawa Barat akan meningkat.

  15. PENGARUH PROFESIONALISME DAN INDEPENDENSI AUDITOR INTERNAL TERHADAP KUALITAS AUDIT: STUDI PADA INSPEKTORAT PROPINSI JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Susilawati Susilawati

    2015-08-01

    Tujuan Penelitian ini adalah: pertama, untuk mengetahui serta menganalisis pengaruh Profesionalisme dan Independensi Auditor Internal secara simultan terhadap kualitas audit pada Inspektorat Provinsi Jawa Barat. Kedua, untuk mengetahui serta menganalisis pengaruh Profesionalisme dan Independensi Auditor Internal secara parsial terhadap kualitas audit pada Inspektorat Provinsi Jawa Barat DOI: 10.15408/etk.v13i2.1886

  16. ANALISIS SEKTOR KEUANGAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI REGIONAL DI WILAYAH JAWA: PENDEKATAN MODEL LEVINE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utami Baroroh

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study are to analyze the influence of financial development to economic regional growth on Jawa region, using panel of province-level data on Jawa region for the period 2005-2010. The analysis method that used on this paper is panel data regression. The empirical results shown that financial asset and financial credit had a positive influence to economic regional growth on Jawa region, meanwhile third party fund had negative influence to economic regional growth on Jawa region.  The other result shown that individual effect from fixed effect model showed that DKI Jakarta, Banten and East Jawa have potential as the centre of economic growthDOI: 10.15408/etk.v11i2.1892

  17. PERNIKAHAN PONORAGAN DI KABUPATEN PONOROGO, JAWA TIMUR (Kajian Semiotika Visual

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Diana Setia Dewi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Studi ini dimasudkan untuk menelusuri makna khususnya ikon, indek dan simbol yang terdapat dalam pernikahan ponoragan tersebut. Hasil penelitian ini secara teoritik dapat menjelaskan tentang teori semiotika visual dan mengembangkan konsep tentang makna dari ikon, indeks dan simbol pada pernikahan ponoragan di Kabupaten Ponorogo, Jawa Timur yang berkarakter lokal. Penelitian ini memadukan pendekatan kualitatif dengan metode etnografi. Instrumen utama berupa rekaman video dan foto pernikahan ponoragan. Instrumen pendukung berupa wawancara dengan perias, budayawan, pengantin dan sesepuh pernikahan ponoragan di Kabupaten Ponorogo, Jawa timur. Penelitian ini menggunakan observasi, dokumentasi, wawancara dan perekaman di lapangan. Data yang diperoleh dari hasil observasi, dokumenatsi, perekaman dan wawancara dengan narasumber digabungkan untuk memperoleh gambaran makna ikon, indeks dan simbol yang mewakili dalam lingkup pernikahan ponoragan. Hasil makna ikon, indeks dan simbol yang diperoleh dari analisis hubungan diantaranya, selanjutnya diinterpertasi, dianalisis untuk memperoleh gambaran menyeluruh makna ikon, indeks dan simbol pernikahan ponoragan.

  18. Feminisme dalam Sastra Jawa Sebuah Gambaran Dinamika Sosial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Widati

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini bertujuan membahas feminisme dalam sastra Jawa, salah satu sastra etnis di Indonesia yang masih eksis sampai saat ini. Sebelum kemunculan pengarang perempuan, perempuan dalam sastra Jawa ditulis oleh pengarang laki-laki sehingga mereka dideskripsikan sebagai makhluk tak berdaya dan setia pada pria, bukan sebagai sosok atau figur yang kuat. Baru tahun 1917-an, dengan munculnya pengarang perempuan muda dari Yogya dan Surabaya, persepsi feminisme dalam sastra Jawa berubah. Dalam karya-karyanya, mereka mendemonstrasikan solidaritas terhadap perempuan yang menjadi korban ketidaksetaraan gender. Saat ini, sastra Jawa feminis ditulis baik oleh pengarang perempuan maupun laki-laki. Pengarang perempuan menyuguhkan sebuah konsep feminisme yang mengarah pada kesetaraan gender, sementara pengarang laki- laki berusaha untuk membela perempuan tertindas dengan cara laki-laki Abstract: This article is aimed to discuss feminism in Javanese literature, one of the ethnical literatures in Indonesia which still exist up till now. Prior to the emergence of female authors, women in the Javanese literature had been written by male authors so that they had been described as being submissive and loyal to men instead of an image or figure of strong ones. Not until 1917s, by the emergence of young female authors from Yogya and Surabaya, did the perception of feminism in Javanese literature change. In the works, they have demonstrated solidarity to women who became the victims of gender inequality. At the present time, feminist Javanese literatures are written by either female or male author. Female authors present a feminism concept which leads to gender equality, whereas male authors make an effort to defend oppressed women by manly methods. Keywords: feminist, Javanese literature, gender equality, female authors

  19. Analisis Spasial Kejadian Filariasi di Kabupaten Demak Jawa Tengah

    OpenAIRE

    Nurjazuli Nurjazuli; Hanan Lanang Dangiran; Asty Awiyatul Bari'ah

    2018-01-01

    Latar Belakang: Filariasis merupakan salah satu penyakit tular vektor yang kurang mendapatkan perhatian, termasuk kelompok Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs). Kabupaten Demak merupakan salah satu wilayah di Propinsi Jawa Tengah  yang merupakan daerah endemis filarisis (mf rate>1%). Kejadian filarisis di daerah ini diduga berkaitan dengan kondisi lingkungan fisik dan biologis (nyamuk) yang mempunyai peran penting dalam penyebaran penyakit filarisis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan ada...

  20. Unsur-unsur Kefilsafatan dalam Buku "Butir-butir Budaya Jawa"

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Slamet Sutrisno

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available This research investigated the book of "Butir-butor Budaya Jawa" 1990, 205p. The aim of this study is to sound out the possibility of transforming the philosophical values of this book to the course of branch of philosophy, that is, Metaphysic/Ontology, Epistemology, and Logic: Ethics. This research also studied the specific contens of philosophy, for example are the philosophy of social and politics:: philosophy of laws; philosophy of man and theodiceae. Feurtheremore, it will try to estimate some contents of system of philosophy in order to express the implicit tenets of Javanese culture. This research will be able to give two important benefits covered the development and academic benefit. Firstly, on the scope national development this research will support a reference of national ethos and development ethics. Secondly, in term of academic knowledge, it can expand the contens of philosophy of culture and Indonesian or Pancasila philosophy. This research emphasize on the literacy study which analysis data carried out by qualitative method by applying the hermeneutics-interpretation concerning the text. The research findings show that the six themes--Belief in the Supreme God; Spirituality; Humanity; Nationhood; and On malerial Goods--contained the three elements of philosophy mentioned above. The book also expressed the naunce of several specific philosophy, tenets of wisdom and also the elements of existentialistic and pragmatic thought/ The three elements of philosophy were not made up separated form to show some interrelation so that expressed the whole of Javanese tenets.

  1. PENINGKATAN KASUS MALARIA DI PULAU JAWA, KEPULAUAN SERIBU DAN LAMPUNG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harijani A. Marwoto

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Increasing of malaria cases in some places in Indonesia have been reported in the last 10 years. It has been noted by outbreak reports with some malaria-assumed fatal cases. Increasing of malaria cases occured especially in 1993 and increased tremendeously in 1997-1998. Malaria problem in Jawa-Bali mostly had been reported from Central Jawa. In general during the last 10 years, API of Central Jawa has increased sharply and from 1995- 1999 it reached up to > 16 times. Most of the case reports (65% came from Purworejo District. During the last 4 years (1998-2001,  malaria outbreaks in Java-Bali  have been reported 3 times from Central Java, and 1 time from Yogyakarta, East Java, West Jawa and Seribu Islands respectively. An outbreak has also been reported from Lampung in 1998. Malaria problem in Seribu Islands, one of the most interesting tourism areas in DKJ Jakarta, was turned up by case report from Kongsi Island in 1999 which has beenfastly spreading out. Up to August 2000 there were 28 fatal cases being reported. The malaria surveys in Pari Island in 2000 and 2001 showed the prevalence were as high as 42.56% and 31.oo%. The Health Services Office reported that malaria cases in Tangerang and North Jakarta where fisherman from Seribu Islands were frequently visited the areas, were highly increased in 2001-2002. Resurgence of malaria was also being reported from Lampung. This area which was so close to West Jawa has reported the prevalence of malaria as high as 44% in inland-Lampung area of Suka Maju and 60% in Legundi Island. Even the prevalence of P.malariae which has been mostly as low as ≤ 2%, reached 37%. Resurging factors for malaria were assumed varried from global/regional/local climate, alteration of environment  to economic  crisis that highly interfered the coverage and quality of malaria control.

  2. Choreographies, Logically

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Carbone, Marco; Montesi, Fabrizio; Schürmann, Carsten

    2014-01-01

    In Choreographic Programming, a distributed system is programmed by giving a choreography, a global description of its interactions, instead of separately specifying the behaviour of each of its processes. Process implementations in terms of a distributed language can then be automatically...... projected from a choreography. We present Linear Compositional Choreographies (LCC), a proof theory for reasoning about programs that modularly combine choreographies with processes. Using LCC, we logically reconstruct a semantics and a projection procedure for programs. For the first time, we also obtain...... a procedure for extracting choreographies from process terms....

  3. Concept and Planning of Site Preparation for Radioactive Waste Disposal in Jawa and Surrounding Area

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Heru Sriwahyuni; Sastrowardoyo, Pratomo B.; Teddy Sumantri; Dewi Susilowati; Hendra Adhi Pratama; Syarmufni, A.

    2008-01-01

    Concept and planning for radioactive waste disposal in Jawa and surrounding area have been done. These activities were part of the investigation for preparation of repository location in Jawa. In this report, the summary of previous sitting activities, the waste inventory in Radioactive Waste Technology Centre, and list of important factors for sitting on radioactive waste disposal location. Several potential areas such as Karawang, Subang, Majalengka, Rembang, Tuban, Madura will be the focus for next activities. The result will be part of activities report regarding the preparation of repository location in Jawa and surrounding area, that will be used as recommendation prior to radioactive waste management policy. (author)

  4. Quantum logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mittelstaedt, P.

    1979-01-01

    The subspaces of Hilbert space constitute an orthocomplemented quasimodular lattice Lsub(q) for which neither a two-valued function nor generalized truth function exist. A generalisation of the dialogic method can be used as an interpretation of a lattice Lsub(qi), which may be considered as the intuitionistic part of Lsub(q). Some obvious modifications of the dialogic method are introduced which come from the possible incommensurability of propositions about quantum mechanical systems. With the aid of this generalized dialogic method a propositional calculus Qsub(eff) is derived which is similar to the calculus of effective (intuitionistic) logic, but contains a few restrictions which are based on the incommensurability of quantum mechanical propositions. It can be shown within the framework of the calculus Qsub(eff) that the value-definiteness of the elementary propositions which are proved by quantum mechanical propositions is inherited by all finite compund propositions. In this way one arrives at the calculus Q of full quantum logic which incorporates the principle of excluded middle for all propositions and which is a model for the lattice Lsub(q). (Auth.)

  5. Sereniteit met een dip

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    dr Ed de Jonge

    2015-01-01

    Boekbespreking van Serendipiteit. De ongezochte vondst. Het boek opent met een verzameling van citaten die direct of indirect met het onderwerp samenhangen. Daarna volgt een kort voorwoord van Hans Clevers, de toenmalige president van de KNAW, die een lans breekt voor serendipiteit in de biologie.

  6. Nanomagnetic Logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Carlton, David Bryan

    The exponential improvements in speed, energy efficiency, and cost that the computer industry has relied on for growth during the last 50 years are in danger of ending within the decade. These improvements all have relied on scaling the size of the silicon-based transistor that is at the heart of every modern CPU down to smaller and smaller length scales. However, as the size of the transistor reaches scales that are measured in the number of atoms that make it up, it is clear that this scaling cannot continue forever. As a result of this, there has been a great deal of research effort directed at the search for the next device that will continue to power the growth of the computer industry. However, due to the billions of dollars of investment that conventional silicon transistors have received over the years, it is unlikely that a technology will emerge that will be able to beat it outright in every performance category. More likely, different devices will possess advantages over conventional transistors for certain applications and uses. One of these emerging computing platforms is nanomagnetic logic (NML). NML-based circuits process information by manipulating the magnetization states of single-domain nanomagnets coupled to their nearest neighbors through magnetic dipole interactions. The state variable is magnetization direction and computations can take place without passing an electric current. This makes them extremely attractive as a replacement for conventional transistor-based computing architectures for certain ultra-low power applications. In most work to date, nanomagnetic logic circuits have used an external magnetic clocking field to reset the system between computations. The clocking field is then subsequently removed very slowly relative to the magnetization dynamics, guiding the nanomagnetic logic circuit adiabatically into its magnetic ground state. In this dissertation, I will discuss the dynamics behind this process and show that it is greatly

  7. FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMENGARUHI KETIMPANGAN PENDAPATAN DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusli Abdulah

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Perhatian ekonom terhadap masalah ketimpangan sangatlah kurang. Kondisi ini juga dilakukan oleh lembaga dunia (Bank Dunia dan UNDP terutama di bidang kemiskinan, serta pemerintah kita. Dampak kebijakan yang bias antara kemiskinan dan penanggulangan ketimpangan sosial dapat dilihat dari data. Di Indonesia, khususnya Jawa Tengah, selama periode 2002-2011, pertumbuhan ekonomi di Jawa Tengah meningkat disertai dengan pengurangan kemiskinan. Namun ketimpangannya meningkat. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis determinan pendapatan yang timpang di Jawa Tengah dari tahun 2002 sampai dengan 2011. Panel metode Data regerssion digunakan untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian ini. Ada 35 data cross section yang mewakili setiap kabupaten dan data seri selama 10 tahun Uji F dan uji Hausman menunjukkan bahwa model efek random terbatas adalah yang terbaik untuk analisis. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa hanya ada dua variabel yang signifikan yang menyebabkan ketimpangan (share of economic output received by employers wages. Sementara itu, dua variabel lain tidak signifikan (urbanization and dependency ratio.The attention of economist to the problem of inequality is weak. This condition is followed by the world institution (World Bank and UNDP which concerns in the areas of poverty, as well as our government. The impact of biased policy between poverty and inequality reduction can be seen from the data. In Indonesia, especially Central Java, during the period of 2002 to 2011, economic growth in Central Java increased accompanied by poverty reduction. However inequality increasedThe purpose of the study is to analyze the determinant of inequality income in Central Java from 2002 up to 2011. Panel data regerssion method is used to achieve the objectives of this study. There are 35 cross section data represent every regency and 10-years data series. F test and Hausman test indicate that restricted random effect models are best for analysis. The result

  8. Advances in Modal Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Modal logic is a subject with ancient roots in the western logical tradition. Up until the last few generations, it was pursued mainly as a branch of philosophy. But in recent years, the subject has taken new directions with connections to topics in computer science and mathematics. This volume...... is the proceedings of the conference of record in its fi eld, Advances in Modal Logic. Its contributions are state-of-the-art papers. The topics include decidability and complexity results for specifi c modal logics, proof theory of modal logic, logics for reasoning about time and space, provability logic, dynamic...... epistemic logic, and the logic of evidence....

  9. SERVICE CONVENIENCE UPT RUMAH SAKIT MATA MASYARAKAT JAWA TIMUR

    OpenAIRE

    Apriyanti, Selly; Damayanti, Nyoman Anita

    2018-01-01

    Patient satisfaction is one of the most important thing for a hospital because  patient satisfaction is one of indicators which is assessed in hospital minimum service standards. One of the factors that can affect p atient satisfaction on a service is s ervice convenience, which means patient perception about time and effort related to purchase or use of services offered. The aim of this research was to analyze  service convenience of UPT RSMM Jawa Timur which consists of decision convenience...

  10. PERUBAHAN RUANG BERBASIS TRADISI RUMAH JAWA PANARAGAN DI DESA KAPONAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yunita Nurmayanti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tatanan spasial (ruang memperlihatkan hubungan antara arsitektur dan budaya masyarakat setempat. Manusia sebagai makhluk yang berpikir dinamis, memiliki peran besar untuk merubah lingkungan fisik maupun kebudayaan. Tatanan ruang tradisional merupakan warisan leluhur yang harmonis, senantiasa mengalami perubahan untuk beradaptasi dengan modernitas budaya global. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 mengidentifikasi dan menganalisis unsur-unsur ruang yang berubah dan (2 menjelaskan faktor-faktor sosial-budaya yang mempengaruhinya, pada objek rumah tinggal tradisional di wilayah kebudayaan Jawa Panaragan. Objek penelitian berupa rumah-rumah berlanggam arsitektur Jawa, yang telah berdiri sejak sebelum era kemerdekaan RI, terletak di wilayah tertua dari permukiman Desa Kaponan. Metodologi penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif-rasionalistik dengan analisis deskriptif. Penggalian data melalui observasi langsung terhadap objek yang menjadi kasus penelitian dan wawancara silang dengan informan (narasumber dan keyperson terkait. Variabel penelitian meliputi organisasi, fungsi, hirarki, orientasi serta teritori ruang sebagai panduan untuk mengamati perubahan ruang dalam 2 (dua periode waktu. Objek/kasus penelitian dipilih secara sengaja berdasar kriteria meliputi rumah lurah, carik, pamong desa dan tokoh masyarakat yang menjabat pada masa lampau, dilengkapi dengan rumah petani serta buruh tani. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa unsur spasial (ruang yang banyak berubah adalah organisasi dan teritori ruang sebagai konsekuensi dari penambahan jumlah, jenis dan fungsi ruang. Unsur spasial yang sedikit berubah adalah orientasi dan hirarki ruang karena kuatnya faktor kepercayaan leluhur. Faktor yang mempengaruhi terjadinya perubahan ruang terutama adalah struktur keluarga dan perubahan gaya hidup seiring meningkatnya pengetahuan dan pendidikan. Kata-kata kunci : perubahan ruang, rumah tradisional, Jawa Panaragan   THE TRADITION BASED ROOM CHANGES IN JAWA

  11. PENCEMARAN PESTISIDA PADA PERAIRAN PERIKANAN DI SUKABUMI- JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Taufik

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan pestisida merupakan salah satu sumber pencemar yang potensial bagi sumberdaya dan lingkungan perairan. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui tingkat pencemaran pestisida pada lahan perikanan budidaya di Sukabumi, Jawa Barat. Penelitian diawali dengan penentuan lokasi, dilanjutkan dengan pengambilan contoh (air, sedimen, biota air, preparasi, identifikasi, dan analisis data, serta pelaporan. Analisis contoh menggunakan alat Gas Chromatograph (GC. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa pada lahan perikanan air tawar di daerah Sukabumi terdapat residu pestisida dari golongan organoklorin, organofosfat, piretroid, dan karbamat dengan konsentrasi di bawah Batas Maksimal Residu (BMR. Jenis dan konsentrasi residu pestisida tersebut yang terbesar terdapat pada ikan, kemudian di dalam tanah dan yang terakhir adalah dalam air.

  12. Paraconsistent Computational Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Andreas Schmidt; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2012-01-01

    In classical logic everything follows from inconsistency and this makes classical logic problematic in areas of computer science where contradictions seem unavoidable. We describe a many-valued paraconsistent logic, discuss the truth tables and include a small case study....

  13. Microelectromechanical reprogrammable logic device

    KAUST Repository

    Hafiz, Md Abdullah Al; Kosuru, Lakshmoji; Younis, Mohammad I.

    2016-01-01

    on the electrothermal frequency modulation scheme of a single microelectromechanical resonator, capable of performing all the fundamental 2-bit logic functions as well as n-bit logic operations. Logic functions are performed by actively tuning the linear resonance

  14. Stochastic coalgebraic logic

    CERN Document Server

    Doberkat, Ernst-Erich

    2009-01-01

    Combining coalgebraic reasoning, stochastic systems and logic, this volume presents the principles of coalgebraic logic from a categorical perspective. Modal logics are also discussed, including probabilistic interpretations and an analysis of Kripke models.

  15. KESANTUNAN BERBAHASA DALAM INTERAKSI PEMBELAJARAN BAHASA JAWA DI SMP N 1 BANYUMAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Astiana Ajeng Rahadini

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis bentuk, nilai, dan fungsi kesantunan berbahasa Jawa dalam interaksi antara guru dan siswa ketika pembelajaran bahasa Jawa di SMP N 1 Banyumas serta implikasinya bagi pembelajaran. Jenis pendekatan yang digunakan, yaitu deskriptif. Metode pengumpula data yang digunakan, yaitu metode simak bebas libat cakap, teknik rekam, dan catat. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: (1 bentuk kesantunan berbahasa Jawa direpresentasi-kan dalam modus deklaratif atau kalimat berita, modus interogatif atau kalimat pertanyaan, modus imperatif atau kalimat perintah yang merepresentasikan jenis tindak tutur representatif, direktif, ekspresif, dan komisif; (2 Nilai kesantunan berbahasa dilihat dari isi tuturan yang mematuhi prinsip kesantunan berbahasa Jawa dan penggunaan unggah-ungguh basa; (3 Fungsi kesantunan berbahasa meliputi fungsi kompetitif dan fungsi menyenangkan. (4 Implikasi hasil penelitian meliputi peng-gunaan bentuk-bentuk kesantunan berbahasa Jawa untuk menyamankan interaksi pembelajaran, peningkatan nilai kesantunan tuturan dengan memperhatikan isi tuturan dan penggunaan unggah-ungguh basa yang benar, dan penggunaan fungsi kesantunan menyenangkan dan ungkapan penanda kesantunan untuk tindak tutur direktif dan ekspresif. Kata kunci: kesantunan berbahasa Jawa, interaksi pembelajaran

  16. Eupatorium capilifolium (Lam. Small ex Porter & Britton (Asteraceae: Eupatorieae, REKAMAN BARU UNTUK FLORA JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arifin Surya Dwipa Irsyam

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Sebanyak 227 jenis tumbuhan Asteraceae terdapat di Pulau Jawa berdasarkan Flora of Java. Namun, suku Asteraceae di Pulau Jawa belum banyak ditinjau kembali sejak buku tersebut terbit 51 tahun yang lalu, sehingga memungkinkan adanya jenis-jenis tambahan yang belum terekam. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memberikan informasi adanya jenis tambahan yang terdapat di Pulau Jawa. Penelitian dilakukan menggunakan metode jelajah di Labuan (Banten, Bogor (Jawa Barat, Malang, dan Situbondo (Jawa Timur. Eupatorium capillifolium (Lam. Small ex Porter & Britton merupakan rekaman baru yang dapat melengkapi flora Jawa. Jenis tersebut dikelompokkan ke dalam puak Eupatorieae. Abstract There are 227 species of Asteraceae in Java Island recorded in the Flora of Java. However, only few review of this family for Java since Flora of Java has published 51 years ago. Some possibilities of unrecorded species may occur after this Flora of Java published. This research was conducted to provide information on additional species in Java Island. This research was carried out using exploration method in Labuan (Banten, Bogor (West Java, Malang and Situbondo (East Java. Eupatorium capillifolium (Lam. Small ex Porter & Britton is a new record for completing the flora of Java Island. This species belongs to Eupatorieae tribe.   

  17. Classical logic and logicism in human thought

    OpenAIRE

    Elqayam, Shira

    2012-01-01

    This chapter explores the role of classical logic as a theory of human reasoning. I distinguish between classical logic as a normative, computational and algorithmic system, and review its role is theories of human reasoning since the 1960s. The thesis I defend is that psychological theories have been moving further and further away from classical logic on all three levels. I examine some prominent example of logicist theories, which incorporate logic in their psychological account, includin...

  18. Logic programming extensions of Horn clause logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ron Sigal

    1988-11-01

    Full Text Available Logic programming is now firmly established as an alternative programming paradigm, distinct and arguably superior to the still dominant imperative style of, for instance, the Algol family of languages. The concept of a logic programming language is not precisely defined, but it is generally understood to be characterized buy: a declarative nature; foundation in some well understood logical system, e.g., first order logic.

  19. Ervaringen met beeldverwerking.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Meuleman, J.

    1989-01-01

    Verslag van een werkbezoek aan het Franse instituut Cemagref, met nadruk op beeldverwerking. Toepassingen van beeldverwerking zijn onder andere: een plukrobot voor appels; het detecteren van oppervlaktebeschadigingen bij appels; het detecteren van breuk in eieren; remote sensing

  20. Nisine geholpen met hordentechnologie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jong, de L.S.

    2001-01-01

    Een combinatie van nisine met carvacrol, thymol of carvon leidde tot een synergistische reductie van het aantal levensvatbare cellen van Listeria monocytogenes en Bacillus cereus. Verslag van een promotieonderzoek

  1. Autorijden met ADHD

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fuermaier, Anselm B.M.; Tucha, Lara; de Vries, Stefanie M.; Koerts, Janneke; de Waard, Dick; Brookhuis, Karel; Tucha, Oliver

    Volwassenen met attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) hebben uiteenlopende cognitieve beperkingen, die een aanzienlijke invloed kunnen hebben op verschillende aspecten van het dagelijks leven. Een van deze aspecten is het besturen van een auto. Autorijden is een belangrijke activiteit in

  2. When Historiography Met Epistemology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jean-François Stoffel

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Review of Bordoni, Stefano. When historiography met epistemology: Sophisticated histories and philosophies of science in French-speaking countries in the second half of the nineteenth century. Reviewed by Jean-François Stoffel.

  3. Three-valued logics in modal logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kooi, Barteld; Tamminga, Allard

    2013-01-01

    Every truth-functional three-valued propositional logic can be conservatively translated into the modal logic S5. We prove this claim constructively in two steps. First, we define a Translation Manual that converts any propositional formula of any three-valued logic into a modal formula. Second, we

  4. Pengaruh Islam terhadap Perkembangan Budaya Jawa: tembang Macapat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asmaun Sahlan, Mulyono

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Islam came to Indonesia since the seventh century AD has a major influence on the transformation of the local culture. From cultures that were previously heavily influenced by Hinduism is primarily based on two major books from India, the Ramayana and the Mahabharata to the new culture that is influenced by Islamic values. One form of cultural transformation in the field of Javanese literature is the birth of the tembang macapat (song of macapat. Tembang macapat is a form of transformation from Javanese literature of the form kakawin literary dan kidung (ancient Javanese song became a form of Java new song (gending. During its development, macapat song contains a lot of Islamic values so utilized by teachers, preachers, religious scholars and Ulama’ to the means of education and transformation of Islamic values.   Islam datang ke Indonesia sejak abad ke tujuh Masehi memiliki pengaruh besar terhadap transformasi budaya setempat. Dari kebudayaan yang sebelumnya banyak dipengaruhi oleh agama Hindu terutama didasarkan pada dua karya besar dari India yaitu Ramayana dan Mahabharata menuju kepada kebudayaan baru yang dipengaruhi oleh nilai-nilai Islam. Salah satu bentuk transformasi kebudayaan dalam  bidang sastra Jawa adalah lahirnya tembang macapat. Tembang macapat merupakan bentuk transformasi sastra Jawa dari bentuk kakawin dan kidung menjadi sastra puisi yang berupa lagu/gending. Dalam perkembangannya, tembang macapat banyak mengandung nilai-nilai Islam sehingga dimanfaatkan oleh para guru, mubaligh, kyai maupun ulama’ untuk sarana pendidikan dan dakwah nilai-nilai Islam.

  5. PERBEDAAN TINGKAT STRES LUTUNG JAWA (Trachypitecus auratus) PADA KANDANG PERAWATAN DAN KANDANG KARANTINA DI JAVAN LANGUR CENTER (JLC) DITINJAU DARI KADAR KORTISOL DAN RASIO NEUTROFIL PERLIMFOSIT (N/L)

    OpenAIRE

    Eko Dini Danafi; Djoko Winarso; Rahadi Swatomo; Ahmad Fauzi; Ida Masnur; Iwan Kurniawan; Nurina Titisari

    2017-01-01

    Lutung Jawa (Trachypithecus auratus) adalah satwa endemik Jawa dan Bali. Populasi lutung Jawa semakin mengalami penurunan dan masuk kategori satwa yang dilindungi. Penurunan populasi lutung jawa dapat disebabkan oleh berbagai macam penyakit yang diperparah dengan tingginya tingkat stres pada satwa. Javan Langur Center yang berlokasi di Cangar, Batu merupakan salah satu tempat untuk merehabilitasi lutung Jawa sebelum dilepasliarkan ke alam. Javan Langur Center terdiri dari tiga kandang yaitu k...

  6. KEBIJAKAN POLITIK DAN EKONOMI PEMERINTAH KOLONIAL BELANDA YANG BERPENGARUH PADA MORPOLOGI BENTUK DAN STRUKTUR BEBERAPA KOTA DI JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available Political, economic and security situation after the end of War of Java (1825 - 1830 greatly influenced the morphology (shape and structure of towns in Java. The overruling power, which grew stronger and stronger on the remote towns after the war, had caused the colonial government to appoint Bandung with a garrison in Cimahi as the 'garrison town' for the hinterland of West Java, Magelang for Central Java, and Malang for East Java. Economically, the political decision to run 'Cultuurstelsel' (Enforced Cultivation, 1830 - 1870, and the published 'Law of Land Ownership' (1870 had caused the occurrence of 'central cities of production, distribution and trade' in several regions in Java. Besides this, the increase of prosperity level due to economic development especially at the beginning of the 20th century has created resort towns in the mountainous areas in West Java, Central Java and East Java. Traces of the formation process of these towns are still visible up to now. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Situasi politik, ekonomi dan keamanan sesudah selesainya Perang Jawa (1825-1830 , berpengaruh sangat besar terhadap morpologi (bentuk dan struktur kota-kota di P. Jawa. Cengkeraman kekuasaan yang makin kuat terhadap kota-kota pedalaman sesudah Perang Jawa mengakibatkan pemerintah kolonial menentukan kota Bandung dengan garnizun di Cimahi sebagai 'kota garnizun' untuk pedalaman Jawa Barat, Magelang untuk pedalaman Jawa Tengah dan Malang untuk pedalaman Jawa Timur. Sedangkan dalam bidang ekonomi keputusan politik untuk menjalankan sistim Tanam Paksa (Cultuurstelsel, th. 1830-1870, serta dikeluarkannya 'undang-undang agraria' (th.1870 mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota sentra produksi, distribusi dan perdagangan' di berbagai tempat di Jawa. Sedangkan naiknya tingkat kemakmuran akibat kemajuan ekonomi terutama pada awal abad ke 20, mengakibatkan timbulnya 'kota peristirahatan' di daerah pegunungan di Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah maupun Jawa Timur. Jejak

  7. ANALISIS DAYA SAING EKSPOR SEKTOR UNGGULAN DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiwit Santi Wahyuningsih

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi industri unggulan yang ada di Jawa Tengah, dan kemudian industri unggulan tersebut diidentifikasi mana saja yang mempunyai daya saing ekspor. Penelitian ini menggunakan data PDRB Jawa Tengah dan PDB Tahun 2010-2015, Tabel Input Output Jawa Tengah Tahun 2013, serta data Ekspor-Impor Jawa Tengah Tahun 1997-2015. Data tersebut diperoleh dari data sekunder, yaitu dengan memanfaatkan data yang telah tersedia pada instansi terkait. Penelitian ini mengunakan alat analisis Indeks Daya Penyebaran (IDP, Indeks Derajat Kepekaan (IDK dan Revealed Comparative Advantage (RCA. Dari hasil IDP dan IDK terdapat 9 industri unggulan di Jawa Tengah yaitu industri pengolahan dan pengawetan ikan, industri minyak dan lemak, industri penggilingan padi, industri tepung terigu dan tepung lainnya, industri makanan ternak, industri pemintalan, industri tekstil, industri kayu dan bahan bangunan dari kayu, serta industri karet dan barang dari karet. Tetapi dari 9 industri unggulan tersebut yang memiliki daya saing ekspor tinggi hanya ada 3 industri yaitu industri dengan IDP>1, IDK>1 dan RCA>1 yang meliputi industri pemintalan, industri tekstil, dan industri kayu dan bahan bangunan dari kayu. Dari penelitian ini dapat disimpulkan bahwa sektor industri yang dapat diandalkan untuk meningkatkan pertumbuhan ekonomi melalui ekspor dan memiliki daya saing ekspor yang sangat bagus serta memilki harga jual tinggi yaitu hanya industri pemintalan, industri tekstil, dan industri kayu dan bahan bangunan dari kayu. Maka dari itu sebaiknya kebijakan pemerintah lebih ditekankan pada sektor hulu dan sektor hilir dari industri-industri tersebut. This research’s aim is to identify the leading manufactures in central Java then identify which of those industries have the export competitiveness. This study used data of Central Java’s Gross Domestic Regional Product (GDRP and Gross National Product (GNP on 2010-2015, Input Output Table on 2013, as

  8. Quantifiers for quantum logic

    OpenAIRE

    Heunen, Chris

    2008-01-01

    We consider categorical logic on the category of Hilbert spaces. More generally, in fact, any pre-Hilbert category suffices. We characterise closed subobjects, and prove that they form orthomodular lattices. This shows that quantum logic is just an incarnation of categorical logic, enabling us to establish an existential quantifier for quantum logic, and conclude that there cannot be a universal quantifier.

  9. Metric propositional neighborhood logics on natural numbers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bresolin, Davide; Della Monica, Dario; Goranko, Valentin

    2013-01-01

    Metric Propositional Neighborhood Logic (MPNL) over natural numbers. MPNL features two modalities referring, respectively, to an interval that is “met by” the current one and to an interval that “meets” the current one, plus an infinite set of length constraints, regarded as atomic propositions...

  10. Metamathematics of fuzzy logic

    CERN Document Server

    Hájek, Petr

    1998-01-01

    This book presents a systematic treatment of deductive aspects and structures of fuzzy logic understood as many valued logic sui generis. Some important systems of real-valued propositional and predicate calculus are defined and investigated. The aim is to show that fuzzy logic as a logic of imprecise (vague) propositions does have well-developed formal foundations and that most things usually named `fuzzy inference' can be naturally understood as logical deduction.

  11. What are Institutional Logics

    OpenAIRE

    Berg Johansen, Christina; Bock Waldorff, Susanne

    2015-01-01

    This study presents new insights into the explanatory power of the institutional logics perspective. With outset in a discussion of seminal theory texts, we identify two fundamental topics that frame institutional logics: overarching institutional orders guided by institutional logics, as well as change and agency generated by friction between logics. We use these topics as basis for an analysis of selected empirical papers, with the aim of understanding how institutional logics contribute to...

  12. Jeugd met beperkingen

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sjoerd Kooiker

    2006-01-01

    Voor kinderen en jongeren met een lichamelijke of verstandelijke beperking is 'gewoon meedoen' in de samenleving geen vanzelfsprekendheid.  Zij ervaren vaak meer obstakels bij het naar school gaan, het vinden van een baan en in hun vrijetijdsbesteding dan andere kinderen en jongeren. Ook

  13. Studeren met Hans Rosenberg

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rutten, R.J.

    2001-01-01

    Hoe was het om in de jaren zestig te studeren? Laat ik een terugblik ophangen aan een studiemakker, Hans Rosenberg. We vormden samen de sterrekundejaar- gang 1961. Hans studeerde af in 1966 met hoofdvak wiskunde, promoveerde op radiostralingsprocessen in de zonnecorona in 1973, verliet de

  14. SPSS met syntax

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grotenhuis, H.F. te; Visscher, C.A.M.

    2007-01-01

    Dit boekje wijkt af van de gebruikelijke statistiekboeken omdat het sec gaat over het bekende statistische computerprogramma SPSS, en dan alleen nog de oorspronkelijke variant waarin wordt gewerkt met syntax (intypen commando's -zoals bij DOS) i.p.v. de later ontwikkelde 'Windows-schil' (aanklikken

  15. Komunikasi Konseling Lintas Budaya di MAN 2 Brebes Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurma Ali Ridlwan

    2018-02-01

    upaya membantu individu (siswa mewujudkan pribadi utuh, bimbingan dan konseling peduli terhadap pengembangan kemampuan tersebut agar siswa dapat hidup lebih baik dan benar. Upaya bimbingan dalam merealisasikan fungsi-fungsi pendidikan, terarah kepada upaya membantu individu untuk memperluas, menginternalisasi, memperbaharui, dan mengintegrasikan sistem nilai ke dalam perilaku mandiri. Dalam upaya tersebut, bimbingan dan konseling amat mungkin menggunakan berbagai metode dan pendekatan serta teknik, untuk memahami dan memfasilitasi perkembangan individu yang bersandar dan terarah kepada pengembangan manusia sesuai dengan hakikat eksistensialnya. Oleh karena tampak keragaman budaya yang tumbuh dan berkembang di masyarakat, maka salah satu pendekatan komunikasi dalam konseling yang dapat digunakan yaitu komunikasi konseling lintas budaya. Penelitian ini berupaya menggali dan menganalisis data terkait dengan komunikasi konseling lintas budaya yang dilakukan oleh guru Madrasah Aliah Negeri (MAN 2 Brebes kepada siswa yang berlatar belakang etnis Sunda dan etnis Jawa. Penelitian ini merupakan jenis penelitian lapangan dengan metode pengumpulan data berupa wawancara, observasi dan dokumentasi. Analisis datan menggunakan teknik reduksi data, penyajian data dan pengambilan kesimpulan. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, diketahui bahwa, Pertama; terdapat persamaan komunikasi konseling lintas budaya yang dilakukan oleh guru kepada siswa berlatar belakang etnis Sunda dan Jawa yaitu; secara bahasa menggunakan bahasa Indonesia sebagai sarana komunikasi, pada kasus tertentu menggunakan pendekatan klinikal, menggunakan keterampilan komunikasi seperti keterampilan empatik, bertanya, asertif dan konfrontasi, menempatkan posisi guru sebagai teman bahkan orangtua siswa, dan memperlakukan siswa sama sesuai dengan hak dan kewajibannya. Kedua, perbedaan komunikasi konseling lintas budaya kepada keduanya (siswa Sunda dan Jawa hanya tampak pada penggunaan pendekatannya, yaitu pendekatan pada siswa

  16. ONTOLOGI BATIK: MELACAK DIMENSI METAFISIS BATIK KLASIK JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hastangka Hastangka

    2013-12-01

    beragam. Batik adalah karya asli (genuine dari bangsa Indonesia. UNESCO telah menetapkan batik pada 2 Oktober 2009 sebagai Masterpiece of the Oral and Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Sejak pengakuan dari UNESCO tersebut, batik menjadi trend setter nasional dan bahkan dunia. Batik yang dulunya dianggap sebagai hasil karya rakyat biasa, saat ini menjadi bernilai budaya tinggi dan bahkan bernilai jual tinggi. Berbagai events berupa pameran, seminar, fashion show, dan bazaar batik marak dilakukan di berbagai daerah di Indonesia, bahkan di luar negeri. Dalam konteks budaya sekarang ini batik tidak sekedar karya seni dan identitas budaya tetapi sebagai trend fashion masa kini. Oleh karena itu, penting untuk melacak dimensi metafisis batik Jawa sebagai teks dan sebagai trend fashion masa kini.

  17. Amblesan di daerah Porong, Kabupaten Sidoarjo, Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Untung Sudarsono

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol3no1.20081On 29th May 2006, there was a huge mud outpouring in the Porong Subregency, Regency of Sidoarjo, East Jawa and for one year, it had flooded the area of more than 5 km2 including Porong, Tanggulangin and Jabon Sub-regencies. The mud known as Lumpur Sidoarjo. The impact of the mud outpouring was the presence of a subsidence around the main outpouring for the width of 6.3 km2 in ellipse stretching to the north. The subsidence area covered Tanggulangin Sub-regency: Kedungbendo Village, Porong Sub-regency: Siring, Jatirejo, Mindi, and Renokenongo Villages, and Jabon Sub-regency: Pejarakan and Besuki Villages. The rate of the subsidence is ap- proximately 2 cm/day.  

  18. Connections among quantum logics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lock, P.F.; Hardegree, G.M.

    1985-01-01

    In this paper, a theory of quantum logics is proposed which is general enough to enable us to reexamine a previous work on quantum logics in the context of this theory. It is then easy to assess the differences between the different systems studied. The quantum logical systems which are incorporated are divided into two groups which we call ''quantum propositional logics'' and ''quantum event logics''. The work of Kochen and Specker (partial Boolean algebras) is included and so is that of Greechie and Gudder (orthomodular partially ordered sets), Domotar (quantum mechanical systems), and Foulis and Randall (operational logics) in quantum propositional logics; and Abbott (semi-Boolean algebras) and Foulis and Randall (manuals) in quantum event logics, In this part of the paper, an axiom system for quantum propositional logics is developed and the above structures in the context of this system examined. (author)

  19. MENGGALI NILAI KEUTAMAAN DALAM KESUSASTRAAN JAWA KARYA WALI SANGA: KAJIAN SEMIOTIK

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Imam Sutardjo

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk (1 mendeskripsikan berbagai genre sastra Jawa karya dan produk para wali; (2 mengungkapkan nilai-nilai keutamaan hidup yang dapat memerkaya khazanah batin pembaca. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode deskriptif kualitatif. Strategi penelitiannya menggunakan studi kasus terpancang (embedded research and case study. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik pustaka, simak dan catat. Validasi data dilakukan dengan trianggulasi (sumber data. Analisis data dilakukan dengan metode pembacaan Semiotik meliputi pembacaan heuristik dan hermeneutik. Hasil penelitiannya adalah: (1 sastra Jawa karya dan produk para Wali Sanga dikemas dalam sastra suluk, pewayangan, tembang macapat dan lagu-lagu dolanan; (2 Karya sastra para Wali Sanga nilai-nilai yang bermanfaat dalam memberikan berbagai ajaran keutamaan hidup agar menjadi manusia utama, berbudi pekerti luhur (akhlaqul karimah, unggul, wikan sangkan paran dan dapat mencapai kesempurnaan hidup. Ringkas, karya sastra para Wali Sanga mengandung mutiara terpendam dan lautan kekayaan nilai budaya Jawa yang bernafaskan Islam dan dapat menambah khasanah perkembangan kesusastraan Jawa yang adiluhung. Kata Kunci: sastra Jawa, produk Wali Sanga, nilai keutamaan hidup.

  20. Structural Logical Relations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schürmann, Carsten; Sarnat, Jeffrey

    2008-01-01

    Tait's method (a.k.a. proof by logical relations) is a powerful proof technique frequently used for showing foundational properties of languages based on typed lambda-calculi. Historically, these proofs have been extremely difficult to formalize in proof assistants with weak meta-logics......, such as Twelf, and yet they are often straightforward in proof assistants with stronger meta-logics. In this paper, we propose structural logical relations as a technique for conducting these proofs in systems with limited meta-logical strength by explicitly representing and reasoning about an auxiliary logic...

  1. What are Institutional Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berg Johansen, Christina; Waldorff, Susanne Boch

    This study presents new insights into the explanatory power of the institutional logics perspective. With outset in a discussion of seminal theory texts, we identify two fundamental topics that frame institutional logics: overarching institutional orders guides by institutional logics, as well...... as change and agency generated by friction between logics. We use these topics as basis for an analysis of selected empirical papers, with the aim of understanding how institutional logics contribute to institutional theory at large, and which social matters institutional logics can and cannot explore...

  2. Indeterministic Temporal Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trzęsicki Kazimierz

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The questions od determinism, causality, and freedom have been the main philosophical problems debated since the beginning of temporal logic. The issue of the logical value of sentences about the future was stated by Aristotle in the famous tomorrow sea-battle passage. The question has inspired Łukasiewicz’s idea of many-valued logics and was a motive of A. N. Prior’s considerations about the logic of tenses. In the scheme of temporal logic there are different solutions to the problem. In the paper we consider indeterministic temporal logic based on the idea of temporal worlds and the relation of accessibility between them.

  3. Quantum Logic as a Dynamic Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltag, A.; Smets, S.

    We address the old question whether a logical understanding of Quantum Mechanics requires abandoning some of the principles of classical logic. Against Putnam and others (Among whom we may count or not E. W. Beth, depending on how we interpret some of his statements), our answer is a clear “no”.

  4. Quantum logic as a dynamic logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltag, Alexandru; Smets, Sonja

    We address the old question whether a logical understanding of Quantum Mechanics requires abandoning some of the principles of classical logic. Against Putnam and others (Among whom we may count or not E. W. Beth, depending on how we interpret some of his statements), our answer is a clear "no".

  5. Transforming equality logic to propositional logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Zantema, H.; Groote, J.F.

    2003-01-01

    Abstract We investigate and compare various ways of transforming equality formulas to propositional formulas, in order to be able to solve satisfiability in equality logic by means of satisfiability in propositional logic. We propose equality substitution as a new approach combining desirable

  6. KESESUAIAN DAN DAYA DUKUNG WISATA PESISIR TANJUNG PASIR DAN PULAU UNTUNG JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Akrom Muflih

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The objective of research was to determine the suitability and carrying capacity of Tanjung Pasir Coast and Untung Jawa Island for tourism. Research was conducted through survey descriptively and evaluative approaches to obtain primary data while secondary data also collected as supporting. The suitability of Tanjung Pasir Beach for tourism was 83.33% (highly suitable, Untung Jawa Beach 78.57 and 85.71% (highly suitable, mangrove 56.14% (suitable, but snorkeling 42.11% (not suitable and 56.14% (suitable. Carrying capacity for tourism in the beach of Tanjung Pasir were 162 tourists/day, Untung Jawa 74 tourists/day, mangrove tourism 69 tourists/day, and snorkeling 20 tourists/day. However, the actual numbers of tourists in the region have exceeded the carrying capacity. Therefore, the control of tourists number is needed in order to match the carrying capacity of its environment as a management measure.

  7. Penerapan Sistem Agribisnis Peternakan Kambing Jawa Randu dalam Kerangka Pengembangan Wilayah Kecamatan Karangpucung, Kabupaten Cilacap

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dewi Norytyas Prihatiningrum

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Karangpucung sub-district is centers of Jawa Randu Goats ranch developed by most of the local community. Thet kind of Jawa Randu goats is the result of a cross Jawa goats with Ettawa. The result of Jawa Randu goats ranch having high devotees, not only from local people but also from outside area even outside the province. Consumers of Jawa Randu goats derived from Banyumas, Banjarnegara, Purworejo, Kebumen, West Java and city and the surrounding area. However, development costs during this is only done in a traditional manner that hereditary and some even still are subsistence or only to even support their own, and have not oriented business. Of some of the problems, can be made the formulation of the problem, namely that the activities of the development of "Peternakan Goatie Java Randu" not oriented in a system of agribusiness overall because it still had difficulty in doing downstream off-farm agribusiness subsystem. The purpose of this research is to formulate the implementation of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness  system  within the framework of the Karangpucung sub-district development. The target of this study includes:   the activity of Jawa Randu goats ranch analysis, rural-urban linkage analysis, backward and forward linkage analysis, and analysis of the application of the Jawa Randu goats ranch agribusiness system within the framework of the Karangpucung sub- district development. Analysis techniques used covering quantitative analysis and qualitative analysis. Quantitative analysis used by using a calculation method that calculates farming and also feasibility  analysis  of  financial  as  well  as  calculate  the  leather  processing  industry. Whereas qualitative analysis used with a method of descriptive qualitative as well as by the use of a scheme who described the existing conditions of Jawa Randu goats ranch activities. The result from this research is the application level system from the Jawa Randu

  8. Many-valued logics

    CERN Document Server

    Bolc, Leonard

    1992-01-01

    Many-valued logics were developed as an attempt to handle philosophical doubts about the "law of excluded middle" in classical logic. The first many-valued formal systems were developed by J. Lukasiewicz in Poland and E.Post in the U.S.A. in the 1920s, and since then the field has expanded dramatically as the applicability of the systems to other philosophical and semantic problems was recognized. Intuitionisticlogic, for example, arose from deep problems in the foundations of mathematics. Fuzzy logics, approximation logics, and probability logics all address questions that classical logic alone cannot answer. All these interpretations of many-valued calculi motivate specific formal systems thatallow detailed mathematical treatment. In this volume, the authors are concerned with finite-valued logics, and especially with three-valued logical calculi. Matrix constructions, axiomatizations of propositional and predicate calculi, syntax, semantic structures, and methodology are discussed. Separate chapters deal w...

  9. Against Logical Form

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P N Johnson-Laird

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available An old view in logic going back to Aristotle is that an inference is valid in virtue of its logical form. Many psychologists have adopted the same point of view about human reasoning: the first step is to recover the logical form of an inference, and the second step is to apply rules of inference that match these forms in order to prove that the conclusion follows from the premises. The present paper argues against this idea. The logical form of an inference transcends the grammatical forms of the sentences used to express it, because logical form also depends on context. Context is not readily expressed in additional premises. And the recovery of logical form leads ineluctably to the need for infinitely many axioms to capture the logical properties of relations. An alternative theory is that reasoning depends on mental models, and this theory obviates the need to recover logical form.

  10. Logic an introductory course

    CERN Document Server

    Newton-Smith, WH

    2003-01-01

    A complete introduction to logic for first-year university students with no background in logic, philosophy or mathematics. In easily understood steps it shows the mechanics of the formal analysis of arguments.

  11. Anticoincidence logic using PALs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bolanos, L.; Arista Romeu, E.

    1997-01-01

    This paper describes the functioning principle of an anticoincidence logic and a design of this based on programing logic. The circuit was included in a discriminator of an equipment for single-photon absorptiometry

  12. Connections among quantum logics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lock, P.F.; Hardegree, G.M.

    1985-01-01

    This paper gives a brief introduction to the major areas of work in quantum event logics: manuals (Foulis and Randall) and semi-Boolean algebras (Abbott). The two theories are compared, and the connection between quantum event logics and quantum propositional logics is made explicit. In addition, the work on manuals provides us with many examples of results stated in Part I. (author)

  13. Equational type logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Manca, V.; Salibra, A.; Scollo, Giuseppe

    1990-01-01

    Equational type logic is an extension of (conditional) equational logic, that enables one to deal in a single, unified framework with diverse phenomena such as partiality, type polymorphism and dependent types. In this logic, terms may denote types as well as elements, and atomic formulae are either

  14. Concurrent weighted logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Xue, Bingtian; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand; Mardare, Radu Iulian

    2015-01-01

    We introduce Concurrent Weighted Logic (CWL), a multimodal logic for concurrent labeled weighted transition systems (LWSs). The synchronization of LWSs is described using dedicated functions that, in various concurrency paradigms, allow us to encode the compositionality of LWSs. To reflect these......-completeness results for this logic. To complete these proofs we involve advanced topological techniques from Model Theory....

  15. Real Islamic Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.

    2011-01-01

    Four options for assigning a meaning to Islamic Logic are surveyed including a new proposal for an option named "Real Islamic Logic" (RIL). That approach to Islamic Logic should serve modern Islamic objectives in a way comparable to the functionality of Islamic Finance. The prospective role of RIL

  16. Abductive Logic Grammars

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Henning; Dahl, Veronica

    2009-01-01

    By extending logic grammars with constraint logic, we give them the ability to create knowledge bases that represent the meaning of an input string. Semantic information is thus defined through extra-grammatical means, and a sentence's meaning logically follows as a by-product of string rewriting....... We formalize these ideas, and exemplify them both within and outside first-order logic, and for both fixed and dynamic knowledge bases. Within the latter variety, we consider the usual left-to-right derivations that are traditional in logic grammars, but also -- in a significant departure from...

  17. Action Type Deontic Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, Martin Mose

    2014-01-01

    A new deontic logic, Action Type Deontic Logic, is presented. To motivate this logic, a number of benchmark cases are shown, representing inferences a deontic logic should validate. Some of the benchmark cases are singled out for further comments and some formal approaches to deontic reasoning...... are evaluated with respect to the benchmark cases. After that follows an informal introduction to the ideas behind the formal semantics, focussing on the distinction between action types and action tokens. Then the syntax and semantics of Action Type Deontic Logic is presented and it is shown to meet...

  18. Product Lukasiewicz Logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Horčík, Rostislav; Cintula, Petr

    2004-01-01

    Roč. 43, - (2004), s. 477-503 ISSN 1432-0665 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA1030004; GA ČR GA201/02/1540 Grant - others:GA CTU(CZ) project 0208613; net CEEPUS(SK) SK-042 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z1030915 Keywords : fuzzy logic * many-valued logic * Lukasiewicz logic * Lpi logic * Takeuti-Titani logic * MV-algebras * product MV-algebras Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.295, year: 2004

  19. Henkin and Hybrid Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Huertas, Antonia; Manzano, Maria

    2014-01-01

    Leon Henkin was not a modal logician, but there is a branch of modal logic that has been deeply influenced by his work. That branch is hybrid logic, a family of logics that extend orthodox modal logic with special proposition symbols (called nominals) that name worlds. This paper explains why...... Henkin’s techniques are so important in hybrid logic. We do so by proving a completeness result for a hybrid type theory called HTT, probably the strongest hybrid logic that has yet been explored. Our completeness result builds on earlier work with a system called BHTT, or basic hybrid type theory...... is due to the first-order perspective, which lies at the heart of Henin’s best known work and hybrid logic....

  20. Logic and Ontology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Newton C. A. da Costa

    2002-12-01

    Full Text Available In view of the present state of development of non classical logic, especially of paraconsistent logic, a new stand regarding the relations between logic and ontology is defended In a parody of a dictum of Quine, my stand May be summarized as follows. To be is to be the value of a variable a specific language with a given underlying logic Yet my stand differs from Quine’s, because, among other reasons, I accept some first order heterodox logics as genuine alternatives to classical logic I also discuss some questions of non classical logic to substantiate my argument, and suggest that may position complements and extends some ideas advanced by L Apostel.

  1. Institutional Logics in Action

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lounsbury, Michael; Boxenbaum, Eva

    2013-01-01

    This double volume presents state-of-the-art research and thinking on the dynamics of actors and institutional logics. In the introduction, we briefly sketch the roots and branches of institutional logics scholarship before turning to the new buds of research on the topic of how actors engage...... institutional logics in the course of their organizational practice. We introduce an exciting line of new works on the meta-theoretical foundations of logics, institutional logic processes, and institutional complexity and organizational responses. Collectively, the papers in this volume advance the very...... prolific stream of research on institutional logics by deepening our insight into the active use of institutional logics in organizational action and interaction, including the institutional effects of such (inter)actions....

  2. Met kerse op met -konstruksies 1 : 'n Verwysingspuntperspektief ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Met kerse op met-konstruksies1: 'n Verwysingspuntperspektief. Johanna Messerschmidt, Luna Bergh. Abstract. This article analyses the usage of the Afrikaans preposition met ('with'). The analysis is done within the framework of Cognitive Linguistics and more specifically within the model proposed by Langacker (1993) ...

  3. PENGEMBANGAN BAHAN AJAR MEMBACA TEKS NOVEL BERBAHASA JAWA MELALUI SIMPLIFIKASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nike Esti Kurniawati

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian Bahan ajar teks novel berbahasa Jawa melalui simplifikasi dikembangkan atas persepsi kebutuhan peserta didik dan guru. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kebutuhan peserta didik dan guru berkaitan dengan pengembangan bahan ajar membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi, menyusun karakteristik bahan ajar membaca teks novel berbahasa Jawa melalui simplifikasi, membuat model novel yaitu Jemini, Asmarani, dan Para Pawestri Pejuwang karya Suparto Brata sebagai bahan ajar membaca teks novel di SMA, dan memperoleh keefektifan menggunakan bahan ajar membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi. Pendekatan yang dilakukan dalam penelitian ini adalah pendekatan Research and Development (R&D oleh Borg and Gall yang disesuaikan dengan kebutuhan penelitian. Langkah penelitian Borg and Gall diadaptasi menjadi tujuh tahap, yakni analisis teoretis dan praktis, analisis kebutuhan pengembangan menurut persepsi guru dan peserta didik, penyusunan draf produk, uji ahli, revisi produk, uji keefektifan produk, revisi hasil uji penggunan produk pengembangan. Hasil uji keefektifan yang dilakukan di SMA Negeri 1 Bergas menunjukkan ada peningkatan nilai rata-rata pretes dan postes pembelajaran membaca teks novel melalui simplifikasi. Uji t hitung = 9,734, sedangkan t tabel  =2,00. Artinya t hitung > t tabel. Maka dapat dikatakan produk tersebut efektifNovel text teaching materials through simplification Javanese developed on the perception of the needs of learners and teachers.This study aims to determine the needs of the students and teachers associated with the development of teaching materials text reading novels through simplification, compiling the characteristics of teaching materials text reading novels in Java through simplification, models making novel that Jemini, Asmarani, and the Pawestri Pejuwang works soeparto Brata as material instructional text reading novels in high school, and obtain the effectiveness of using text reading novel teaching

  4. Fungsi dan Proses Pembuatan Topeng di Kabupaten Malang Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robbi Hidajat

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstrakTopeng Malang adalah salah satu jenis topeng Jawa yang berkembang di Malang Jawa Timur. Memperhatikan bentuk raut topeng yang digambarkan tergolong dalam genre tokoh-tokoh lakon Panji. Topeng berfungsi sebagai properti seni pertunjukan Wayang Topeng. Penelitian ini merupakan kajian fungsi, baik dari sisi kegunaan material dan teknik pembuatan topeng. Permasalahan penelitian ini ada 2, yaitu (1 apakah fungsi Topeng Malang, (2 bagaimana teknik dan proses pembuatan Topeng Malang. Informan penelitian adalah perajin. Teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan observasi dan wawancara mendalam. Teknik analisis adalah interpretasi simbolis. Hasil penelitian ini adalah deskripsi tentang fungsi wayang topeng sebagai alat untuk menutup wajah penari agar sebagai bentuk penyamaran bagi penari agar dapat melakukan komunikasi spiritual dengan roh leluhur untuk mengharapkan berkah kesuburan. Teknik dan proses pembuatan Topeng Malang yaitu teknik ukir menggunakan pisau pangot. Proses pembuatannya terdiri dari 4 tahap, mbakali, wiwit, meraeni, dan maesi. Tiga tahap proses ini berelasi dengan proses penggarapan lahan sawah.Kata kunci: topeng, teknik, wayang, kerajinan AbstractMask of Malang is a type of Javanese masks which develop in Malang, East Java. From the face form, the masks portray the figures from Panji tales. The main function of the masks is as a property in Mask Puppet art performance. This research is a study of functions, both in terms of material usability and mask making techniques. The problems discussed in this study are, (1 what the mask of Malang's function is, (2 how the mask making technique and process are. Research informants are craftsmen. Data collection methods are by observation and interviews. Analysis methods are by symbolic interpretation. The results of this study are description of mask puppet as an equipment to cover the dancer's face, as a camouflage in order to communicate spiritually with ancestors' spirits to ask for

  5. Perancangan dan Pembuatan Aplikasi Pepak Basa Jawa Menggunakan MobiOne Studio

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anglila Nayanggita

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Indonesia is a nation that has a diversity of cultures and the arts, one of which is Javanese language. Javanese language is a heritage that should be preserved because it is still taught in schools and used in everyday life. The main book to learn Javanese language is Pepak Basa Jawa; a book that contains the essence of Javanese language. The rapid increase of technological development provides easiness for people, especially the pressence of gadgets. Therefore, the making of Pepak Basa Jawa in an application it needed to be a learning media to learn and conserve Javanese language for Indonesian people. The application is practically and attractively packed through iOS based mobile devices. Application Pepak Basa Jawa is built using MobiOne Studio software. Multimedia development method used is the Multimedia Development Life Cycle (MDLC which consists of six stages: concept, design, collection of material, manufacture, testing, and distribution. The Black Box test is used for application testing method. The results of this study is in the form of an application named Pepak Basa Jawa that can run well on mobile devices based on iOS. This application can be an alternative for the people of Indonesia as a medium of learning in learning the Javanese language.

  6. MIGRASI, ADAPTASI DAN TRADISI KOMUNITAS MUSLIM JAWA DI SEMENANJUNG MELAYU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arik Dwijayanto

    2017-12-01

    لبحث أن المجتمعات المسلمة الجاوية في ماليزيا تحتفظ على قيم التراث المحلية التي تتحقق من خلال العادات والثقافات الموجودة. إن التحويل من قيم التراث المحلية من الأجيال إلى أجيال من قبل المجتمعات المسلمة الجاوية قد أظهر طبيعة الإسلام نوسانتارا أو الإسلام الذي يبنى على التسامح. إن المجتمعات المسلمة الجاوية في ماليزيا يمكن أن تكون مثالا في بناء المجتمع الإسلامي الذي يبنى على القيم الإسلامية الشاملة والمعتدلة والمتسامحة. ولا تختفي قيم التراث المحلية وعاداتها تحت قيم متطرفة ولكن من الممكن تراث المجتمعات الإسلامية الجاوية هناك يصوّر على القيم الإسلامية الشاملة، والسياقية، والمتسامحة. وهذه هي الثقافة الإسلامية من المجتمعات المسلمة الجاوية في منطقة سري ميدان وباتو بهات. وقد حصلت المجتمعات المسلمة على الجمع بين الثقافة المحلية والإسلام بشكل وثيق.   Abstrak: Komunitas muslim keturunan Jawa merupakan salah satu komunitas Muslim terbesar di Semenanjung Tanah Melayu. Keberadaannya telah memberikan kontribusi yang signifikan terhadap kehidupan sosial keagamaan di Semenanjung. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengeksplorasi pola migrasi, adaptasi dan tradisi masyarakat Muslim keturunan Jawa di Malaysia khususnya dalam menjalankan keseharian kehidupan keagamaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kualitatif dengan pengumpulan data perpustakaan, lapangan dan wawancara. Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan fakta bahwa komunitas Muslim keturunan Jawa di Malaysia tetap memegang teguh nilai

  7. Answer Sets in a Fuzzy Equilibrium Logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schockaert, Steven; Janssen, Jeroen; Vermeir, Dirk; de Cock, Martine

    Since its introduction, answer set programming has been generalized in many directions, to cater to the needs of real-world applications. As one of the most general “classical” approaches, answer sets of arbitrary propositional theories can be defined as models in the equilibrium logic of Pearce. Fuzzy answer set programming, on the other hand, extends answer set programming with the capability of modeling continuous systems. In this paper, we combine the expressiveness of both approaches, and define answer sets of arbitrary fuzzy propositional theories as models in a fuzzification of equilibrium logic. We show that the resulting notion of answer set is compatible with existing definitions, when the syntactic restrictions of the corresponding approaches are met. We furthermore locate the complexity of the main reasoning tasks at the second level of the polynomial hierarchy. Finally, as an illustration of its modeling power, we show how fuzzy equilibrium logic can be used to find strong Nash equilibria.

  8. Logic and structure

    CERN Document Server

    Dalen, Dirk

    1983-01-01

    A book which efficiently presents the basics of propositional and predicate logic, van Dalen’s popular textbook contains a complete treatment of elementary classical logic, using Gentzen’s Natural Deduction. Propositional and predicate logic are treated in separate chapters in a leisured but precise way. Chapter Three presents the basic facts of model theory, e.g. compactness, Skolem-Löwenheim, elementary equivalence, non-standard models, quantifier elimination, and Skolem functions. The discussion of classical logic is rounded off with a concise exposition of second-order logic. In view of the growing recognition of constructive methods and principles, one chapter is devoted to intuitionistic logic. Completeness is established for Kripke semantics. A number of specific constructive features, such as apartness and equality, the Gödel translation, the disjunction and existence property have been incorporated. The power and elegance of natural deduction is demonstrated best in the part of proof theory cal...

  9. The Football of Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Schang Fabien

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available An analogy is made between two rather different domains, namely: logic, and football (or soccer. Starting from a comparative table between the two activities, an alternative explanation of logic is given in terms of players, ball, goal, and the like. Our main thesis is that, just as the task of logic is preserving truth from premises to the conclusion, footballers strive to keep the ball as far as possible until the opposite goal. Assuming this analogy may help think about logic in the same way as in dialogical logic, but it should also present truth-values in an alternative sense of speech-acts occurring in a dialogue. The relativity of truth-values is focused by this way, thereby leading to an additional way of logical pluralism.

  10. Evaluasi Program Corporate Social Responsibility “Organic Integrated System” PT. Pembangkitan Jawa-Bali Unit Pembangkitan Paiton

    OpenAIRE

    Harianto, Ruth Carissa

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengevaluasi program Corporate Social Responsibility “Organic Integrated System” yang dijalankan oleh divisi umum dan CSR PT. Pembangkitan Jawa – Bali Unit Pembangkitan Paiton. Di dalam melaksanakan program Corporate Social Responsibility “Organic Integrated System” ini, PT. Pembangkitan Jawa – Bali Unit Pembangkitan Paiton bekerja sama dengan Lembaga Swadaya Masyarakat Sekola Konang dan Kelompok Suko Tani sebagai publik sasarannya. Penelitian ini menggunakan pe...

  11. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata) DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Irin Iriana Kusmini; Vitas Atmadi Prakoso; Kusdiarti Kusdiarti

    2015-01-01

    Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan) yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tuju...

  12. Logic of likelihood

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wall, M.J.W.

    1992-01-01

    The notion of open-quotes probabilityclose quotes is generalized to that of open-quotes likelihood,close quotes and a natural logical structure is shown to exist for any physical theory which predicts likelihoods. Two physically based axioms are given for this logical structure to form an orthomodular poset, with an order-determining set of states. The results strengthen the basis of the quantum logic approach to axiomatic quantum theory. 25 refs

  13. Logical database design principles

    CERN Document Server

    Garmany, John; Clark, Terry

    2005-01-01

    INTRODUCTION TO LOGICAL DATABASE DESIGNUnderstanding a Database Database Architectures Relational Databases Creating the Database System Development Life Cycle (SDLC)Systems Planning: Assessment and Feasibility System Analysis: RequirementsSystem Analysis: Requirements Checklist Models Tracking and Schedules Design Modeling Functional Decomposition DiagramData Flow Diagrams Data Dictionary Logical Structures and Decision Trees System Design: LogicalSYSTEM DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION The ER ApproachEntities and Entity Types Attribute Domains AttributesSet-Valued AttributesWeak Entities Constraint

  14. Erotetic epistemic logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Peliš, Michal

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 3 (2017), s. 357-381 ISSN 1425-3305 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GC16-07954J Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : epistemic logic * erotetic implication * erotetic logic * logic of questions Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology http://apcz.umk.pl/czasopisma/index.php/LLP/article/view/LLP.2017.007

  15. Logic for Physicists

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pereyra, Nicolas A.

    2018-06-01

    This book gives a rigorous yet 'physics-focused' introduction to mathematical logic that is geared towards natural science majors. We present the science major with a robust introduction to logic, focusing on the specific knowledge and skills that will unavoidably be needed in calculus topics and natural science topics in general (rather than taking a philosophical-math-fundamental oriented approach that is commonly found in mathematical logic textbooks).

  16. What is mathematical logic?

    CERN Document Server

    Crossley, J N; Brickhill, CJ; Stillwell, JC

    2010-01-01

    Although mathematical logic can be a formidably abstruse topic, even for mathematicians, this concise book presents the subject in a lively and approachable fashion. It deals with the very important ideas in modern mathematical logic without the detailed mathematical work required of those with a professional interest in logic.The book begins with a historical survey of the development of mathematical logic from two parallel streams: formal deduction, which originated with Aristotle, Euclid, and others; and mathematical analysis, which dates back to Archimedes in the same era. The streams beg

  17. Indexical Hybrid Tense Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Jørgensen, Klaus Frovin

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we explore the logic of now, yesterday, today and tomorrow by combining the semantic approach to indexicality pioneered by Hans Kamp [9] and refined by David Kaplan [10] with hybrid tense logic. We first introduce a special now nominal (our @now corresponds to Kamp’s original now...... operator N) and prove completeness results for both logical and contextual validity. We then add propositional constants to handle yesterday, today and tomorrow; our system correctly treats sentences like “Niels will die yesterday” as contextually unsatisfiable. Building on our completeness results for now......, we prove completeness for the richer language, again for both logical and contextual validity....

  18. A Logic for Choreographies

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lopez, Hugo Andres; Carbone, Marco; Hildebrandt, Thomas

    2010-01-01

    We explore logical reasoning for the global calculus, a coordination model based on the notion of choreography, with the aim to provide a methodology for specification and verification of structured communications. Starting with an extension of Hennessy-Milner logic, we present the global logic (GL...... ), a modal logic describing possible interactions among participants in a choreography. We illustrate its use by giving examples of properties on service specifications. Finally, we show that, despite GL is undecidable, there is a significant decidable fragment which we provide with a sound and complete proof...

  19. Superconductor fluxoid logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Andronov, A.A.; Kurin, V.V.; Levichev, M.Yu.; Ryndyk, D.A.; Vostokov, V.I.

    1993-01-01

    In recent years there has been much interest in superconductor logical devices. Our paper is devoted to the analysis of some new possibilities in this field. The main problems here are: minimization of time of logical operations and reducing of device scale. Josephson systems are quite appropriate for this purpose because of small size, short characteristic time and also small energy losses. Two different types of Josephson logic have been investigated during last years. The first type is based on hysteretic V-A characteristic of a single Josephson junction. Superconducting and resistive (with nonzero voltage) states are considered as logical zero and logical unit. The second one - rapid single flux quantum logic, has been developed recently and is based on SQUID-like bistability. Different logical states are the states with different number of magnetic flux quanta inside closed superconducting contour. Information is represented by voltage pulses with fixed ''area'' (∫ V(t)/dt). This pulses are generated when logical state of SQUID-like elementary cell changes. The fundamental role of magnetic flux quantization in this type of logic leads to the necessity of large enough self-inductance of superconductor contour and thus to limitations on minimal device dimensions. (orig.)

  20. A Logic for Choreographies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marco Carbone

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available We explore logical reasoning for the global calculus, a coordination model based on the notion of choreography, with the aim to provide a methodology for specification and verification of structured communications. Starting with an extension of Hennessy-Milner logic, we present the global logic (GL, a modal logic describing possible interactions among participants in a choreography. We illustrate its use by giving examples of properties on service specifications. Finally, we show that, despite GL is undecidable, there is a significant decidable fragment which we provide with a sound and complete proof system for checking validity of formulae.

  1. Introduction to mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Mendelson, Elliott

    2015-01-01

    The new edition of this classic textbook, Introduction to Mathematical Logic, Sixth Edition explores the principal topics of mathematical logic. It covers propositional logic, first-order logic, first-order number theory, axiomatic set theory, and the theory of computability. The text also discusses the major results of Gödel, Church, Kleene, Rosser, and Turing.The sixth edition incorporates recent work on Gödel's second incompleteness theorem as well as restoring an appendix on consistency proofs for first-order arithmetic. This appendix last appeared in the first edition. It is offered in th

  2. Understanding Social Media Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José van Dijck

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available Over the past decade, social media platforms have penetrated deeply into the mech­anics of everyday life, affecting people's informal interactions, as well as institutional structures and professional routines. Far from being neutral platforms for everyone, social media have changed the conditions and rules of social interaction. In this article, we examine the intricate dynamic between social media platforms, mass media, users, and social institutions by calling attention to social media logic—the norms, strategies, mechanisms, and economies—underpin­ning its dynamics. This logic will be considered in light of what has been identified as mass me­dia logic, which has helped spread the media's powerful discourse outside its institutional boundaries. Theorizing social media logic, we identify four grounding principles—programmabil­ity, popularity, connectivity, and datafication—and argue that these principles become increas­ingly entangled with mass media logic. The logic of social media, rooted in these grounding principles and strategies, is gradually invading all areas of public life. Besides print news and broadcasting, it also affects law and order, social activism, politics, and so forth. Therefore, its sustaining logic and widespread dissemination deserve to be scrutinized in detail in order to better understand its impact in various domains. Concentrating on the tactics and strategies at work in social media logic, we reassess the constellation of power relationships in which social practices unfold, raising questions such as: How does social media logic modify or enhance ex­isting mass media logic? And how is this new media logic exported beyond the boundaries of (social or mass media proper? The underlying principles, tactics, and strategies may be relat­ively simple to identify, but it is much harder to map the complex connections between plat­forms that distribute this logic: users that employ them, technologies that

  3. Weakly Intuitionistic Quantum Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hermens, Ronnie

    2013-01-01

    In this article von Neumann's proposal that in quantum mechanics projections can be seen as propositions is followed. However, the quantum logic derived by Birkhoff and von Neumann is rejected due to the failure of the law of distributivity. The options for constructing a distributive logic while

  4. Modal Logics and Definability

    OpenAIRE

    Kuusisto, Antti

    2013-01-01

    In recent years, research into the mathematical foundations of modal logic has become increasingly popular. One of the main reasons for this is the fact that modal logic seems to adapt well to the requirements of a wide range of different fields of application. This paper is a summary of some of the author’s contributions to the understanding of modal definability theory.

  5. Modal logics are coalgebraic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Cirstea, C.; Kurz, A.; Pattinson, D.; Schröder, L.; Venema, Y.

    2011-01-01

    Applications of modal logics are abundant in computer science, and a large number of structurally different modal logics have been successfully employed in a diverse spectrum of application contexts. Coalgebraic semantics, on the other hand, provides a uniform and encompassing view on the large

  6. Description logics of context

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Klarman, S

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available We introduce Description Logics of Context (DLCs) - an extension of Description Logics (DLs) for context-based reasoning. Our approach descends from J. McCarthy's tradition of treating contexts as formal objects over which one can quantify...

  7. Criteria for logical formalization

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Peregrin, Jaroslav; Svoboda, Vladimír

    2013-01-01

    Roč. 190, č. 14 (2013), s. 2897-2924 ISSN 0039-7857 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP401/10/1279 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : logic * logical form * formalization * reflective equilibrium Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion Impact factor: 0.637, year: 2013

  8. Automata, Logic, and XML

    OpenAIRE

    NEVEN, Frank

    2002-01-01

    We survey some recent developments in the broad area of automata and logic which are motivated by the advent of XML. In particular, we consider unranked tree automata, tree-walking automata, and automata over infinite alphabets. We focus on their connection with logic and on questions imposed by XML.

  9. One reason, several logics

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evandro Agazzi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Humans have used arguments for defending or refuting statements long before the creation of logic as a specialized discipline. This can be interpreted as the fact that an intuitive notion of "logical consequence" or a psychic disposition to articulate reasoning according to this pattern is present in common sense, and logic simply aims at describing and codifying the features of this spontaneous capacity of human reason. It is well known, however, that several arguments easily accepted by common sense are actually "logical fallacies", and this indicates that logic is not just a descriptive, but also a prescriptive or normative enterprise, in which the notion of logical consequence is defined in a precise way and then certain rules are established in order to maintain the discourse in keeping with this notion. Yet in the justification of the correctness and adequacy of these rules commonsense reasoning must necessarily be used, and in such a way its foundational role is recognized. Moreover, it remains also true that several branches and forms of logic have been elaborated precisely in order to reflect the structural features of correct argument used in different fields of human reasoning and yet insufficiently mirrored by the most familiar logical formalisms.

  10. The logic of ACP

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    A. Ponse (Alban); M.B. van der Zwaag

    2002-01-01

    textabstractWe distinguish two interpretations for the truth value `undefined' in Kleene's three-valued logic. Combining these two interpretations leads to a four-valued propositional logic that characterizes two particular ingredients of process algebra: ``choice' and ``inaction'. We study two

  11. Anselm's logic of agency

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Uckelman, S.L.

    2009-01-01

    The origins of treating agency as a modal concept go back at least to the 11th century when Anselm, Archbishop of Canterbury, provided a modal explication of the Latin facere ‘to do’, which can be formalized within the context of modern modal logic and neighborhood semantics. The agentive logic

  12. Temporalized Epistemic Default Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Hoek, W.; Meyer, J.J.; Treur, J.; Gabbay, D.

    2001-01-01

    The nonmonotonic logic Epistemic Default Logic (EDL) [Meyer and van der Hoek, 1993] is based on the metaphore of a meta-level architecture. It has already been established [Meyer and van der Hoek, 1993] how upward reflection can be formalized by a nonmonotonic entailment based on epistemic states,

  13. Logic Programming: PROLOG.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.

    1989-01-01

    Provides background material on logic programing and presents PROLOG as a high-level artificial intelligence programing language that borrows its basic constructs from logic. Suggests the language is one which will help the educator to achieve various goals, particularly the promotion of problem solving ability. (MVL)

  14. Honesty in partial logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    W. van der Hoek (Wiebe); J.O.M. Jaspars; E. Thijsse

    1995-01-01

    textabstractWe propose an epistemic logic in which knowledge is fully introspective and implies truth, although truth need not imply epistemic possibility. The logic is presented in sequential format and is interpreted in a natural class of partial models, called balloon models. We examine the

  15. Microelectromechanical reprogrammable logic device

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hafiz, M. A. A.; Kosuru, L.; Younis, M. I.

    2016-01-01

    In modern computing, the Boolean logic operations are set by interconnect schemes between the transistors. As the miniaturization in the component level to enhance the computational power is rapidly approaching physical limits, alternative computing methods are vigorously pursued. One of the desired aspects in the future computing approaches is the provision for hardware reconfigurability at run time to allow enhanced functionality. Here we demonstrate a reprogrammable logic device based on the electrothermal frequency modulation scheme of a single microelectromechanical resonator, capable of performing all the fundamental 2-bit logic functions as well as n-bit logic operations. Logic functions are performed by actively tuning the linear resonance frequency of the resonator operated at room temperature and under modest vacuum conditions, reprogrammable by the a.c.-driving frequency. The device is fabricated using complementary metal oxide semiconductor compatible mass fabrication process, suitable for on-chip integration, and promises an alternative electromechanical computing scheme. PMID:27021295

  16. Amplifying genetic logic gates.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonnet, Jerome; Yin, Peter; Ortiz, Monica E; Subsoontorn, Pakpoom; Endy, Drew

    2013-05-03

    Organisms must process information encoded via developmental and environmental signals to survive and reproduce. Researchers have also engineered synthetic genetic logic to realize simpler, independent control of biological processes. We developed a three-terminal device architecture, termed the transcriptor, that uses bacteriophage serine integrases to control the flow of RNA polymerase along DNA. Integrase-mediated inversion or deletion of DNA encoding transcription terminators or a promoter modulates transcription rates. We realized permanent amplifying AND, NAND, OR, XOR, NOR, and XNOR gates actuated across common control signal ranges and sequential logic supporting autonomous cell-cell communication of DNA encoding distinct logic-gate states. The single-layer digital logic architecture developed here enables engineering of amplifying logic gates to control transcription rates within and across diverse organisms.

  17. Heterogeneous logics of competition

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mossin, Christiane

    2015-01-01

    of competition are only realized as particular forms of social organization by virtue of interplaying with other kinds of logics, like legal logics. (2) Competition logics enjoy a peculiar status in-between constructedness and givenness; although competition depends on laws and mechanisms of socialization, we...... still experience competition as an expression of spontaneous human activities. On the basis of these perspectives, a study of fundamental rights of EU law, springing from the principle of ‘free movement of people’, is conducted. The first part of the empirical analysis seeks to detect the presence...... of a presumed logic of competition within EU law, whereas the second part focuses on particular legal logics. In this respect, the so-called ‘real link criterion’ (determining the access to transnational social rights for certain groups of unemployed people) is given special attention. What is particularly...

  18. Microelectromechanical reprogrammable logic device

    KAUST Repository

    Hafiz, Md Abdullah Al

    2016-03-29

    In modern computing, the Boolean logic operations are set by interconnect schemes between the transistors. As the miniaturization in the component level to enhance the computational power is rapidly approaching physical limits, alternative computing methods are vigorously pursued. One of the desired aspects in the future computing approaches is the provision for hardware reconfigurability at run time to allow enhanced functionality. Here we demonstrate a reprogrammable logic device based on the electrothermal frequency modulation scheme of a single microelectromechanical resonator, capable of performing all the fundamental 2-bit logic functions as well as n-bit logic operations. Logic functions are performed by actively tuning the linear resonance frequency of the resonator operated at room temperature and under modest vacuum conditions, reprogrammable by the a.c.-driving frequency. The device is fabricated using complementary metal oxide semiconductor compatible mass fabrication process, suitable for on-chip integration, and promises an alternative electromechanical computing scheme.

  19. SINTESA KAJIAN STOK IKAN PELAGIS KECIL DI LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bambang Sadhotomo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Sintesa status dan tren perikanan pukat cincin pelagis kecil di perairan Jawa Laut dan sekitarnya yang dilakukan berdasarkan kumpulan sejumlah hasil penelitian yang tersedia. Beberapa kajian dinamika populasi pada ikan pelagis kecil menunjukkan bahwa spesies ikan mempunyai laju pertumbuhan cepat dan mortalitas alami tinggi.  Dari analisis kohor diperoleh estimasi total biomassa yang cenderung lebih rendah dari hasil tangkapan yang dihasilkan oleh aktivitas perikanan pukat cincin, dan memberikan indikasi tidak adanya hubungan langsung antara struktur biomassa dan kelimpahan hasil tangkapan pada perikanan pelagis kecil. Perkiraan besarnya biomassa yang lebih rendah dari hasil tangkapan menunjukkan hasil yang tidak realistis, terutama pada kelompok ukuran ikan yang telah memasuki perikanan (recruitment.  Sementara, perhitungan surplus produksi dapat dilakukan setelah produksi mencapai kestabilan jangka panjang, dimana tren penurunan CPUE dibarengi oleh penurunan produksi secara bertahap dan terjadinya lebih tangkap atau telah melebihi tingkat MSY serta telah berlangsung selama beberapa tahun. Pendekatan interaksi upaya penangkapan dengan biomassa menunjukkan selama periode pemulihan stok ikan, banyak nelayan telah keluar dari perikanan tersebut.   A synthesis on small pelagic purse seine fisheries in the Java Sea and its adjacent waters based on several previous research results has been conducted.  Study on population dynamics of small pelagic fish species indicated that the small pelagic species has a rapid growth and high natural mortality rates.  Cohort analysis indicated that  estimation on total biomass tend to indicate a lower value than the landing data of small pelagic fishery, with no indication on clear  relationship between the structure of biomass and abundance in catches.  The abundance estimation based on surplus production applied when production has reached a long-term stability, and downward trend in CPUE followed by a

  20. TEKNIK DAN STRATEGI TINDAK KESANTUNAN DIREKTIF DI KALANGAN ANDIK SD BERLATAR BELAKANG BUDAYA JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Harun Joko Prayitno

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Studi ini bertujuan untuk merumuskan taksonomi tindak kesantunan direktif dikalangan andik SD yang berlatar belakang budaya Jawa. Tujuan spesifik studi iniadalah untuk merumuskan taksonomi dan pola semestaan realisasi tindakkesantunan direktif andik SD dalam hubungannya dengan prinsip dasar berbahasa PKS dan PSS; prinsip harmoni sosial PI dan PK. Objek penelitian ini adalah skala kelangsungan dan peringkat tindak kesantunandirektif dalam kaitannya PKS, PSS, prinsip harmoni sosial PI, PK, dn prinsip kultural budaya Jawa. Sumber data penelitian meliputi keseluruhan aktivitas berbahasa andik SD yang direfleksikan oleh guru kelas SD melalui FGD, baik dalam suasana formal maupun nonformal. Data penelitian berupa skala kelangsungan dan peringkat kesantunan pertuturan menurut PKS, PSS, PI, PK, dan Pk. Interpretasi perwujudan tindak kesantunan direktif dilakukan dengan kerja analisis pragmatik yang mengacu pada analisis heuristik model Grice, skala kelangsungan dan peringkat kesantunan model BrownLevinson. Hasil studi ini menunjukkan bahwa (1 perwujudan tindak kesantunan direktif (TKD di kalangan andik SD berlatar belakang budaya Jawa berkecenderungan diwujudkan melaui tipe menyuruh pada kategori memerintah dan tipe meminta pada kategori memohon. Temuan ini menggambarkah bahwa sesuai dengan kodratnya sebagai anak pada dasarnya masih memerlukan suri tauladan dari orang tuanya di rumah, gurunya di sekolah, dan panutannya sebagai yang difigurkan atau ditokohkan di lingkungan masyarakatnya masing-masing. (2 realisasi TKD di kalangan andik SD berlatar belakang budaya Jawa berkecenderungan dinyatakan dengan cara-cara tak langsung dan modus-modus nonliteral daripada dengan cara-cara langsung atau modus literal. Realisasi ini menggambarkan bahwa andik SD pada hakikatnya masih dalam masa perkembangan mental lingual sehingga masih memerlukan bimbingan yang bernilai positif, santun, dan berkarakter dari orang tua, guru, dan lingkungan

  1. Gezondheidsrisico's in verband met het werken met Pentachloorfenol : een onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geuskens, R.B.M.; Nossent, S.M.; Koëter, H.B.W.M.; Dreef-van der Meulen, H.C.; Stijkel, A.; Zielhuis, R.l.

    1989-01-01

    De gezondheidsrisico's i.v.m. het werken met pentachloorfenol (PCP) wordt geevalueerd. Het gebruik van PCP in Nederlandse arbeidssituaties neemt sterk af en is beperkt tot de formulering van emeltenkorrels en de, met name preventieve, houtverduurzaming. De totale risicopopulatie is niet omvangrijk

  2. Analisis Spasial Kejadian Filariasi di Kabupaten Demak Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurjazuli Nurjazuli

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available Latar Belakang: Filariasis merupakan salah satu penyakit tular vektor yang kurang mendapatkan perhatian, termasuk kelompok Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs. Kabupaten Demak merupakan salah satu wilayah di Propinsi Jawa Tengah  yang merupakan daerah endemis filarisis (mf rate>1%. Kejadian filarisis di daerah ini diduga berkaitan dengan kondisi lingkungan fisik dan biologis (nyamuk yang mempunyai peran penting dalam penyebaran penyakit filarisis. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menemukan adanya penderita baru,  mengidentifikasi kondisi lingkungan fisik dan biologi yang berkaitan dengan sebaran filarisis di Kabupaten Demak. Matede: Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian observasional dengan rancangan cross-sectional. Sebanyak 30 kasus filariasis dijadikan indek kasus yang selanjutnya dipilih secara purposif sebanyak 140 yang tinggal di sekitar 30 kasus tersebut untuk dilakukan pengamblan darah jari. Observasi lingkungan dilakukan untuk mengidentifikasi kondisi lingkungan (breeding places dan resting places dari yang diduga sebagai nyamuk vektor filariasis. Penangkapan nyamuk dilakukan di sekitar rumah penderita filariasis. Pengukuran koordinat kasus filariais dilakukan dengan pesawat Geographic Positioning System (GPS. Pemeriksaan darah jadi jari dilakukan di Laboratorium Kesehatan Daerah (LABKESDA Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Sedang bedah nyamuk dilakukan di Balai Penelitian Vektor Penyakit Banjarnegara. Analisis data dlakukan secara deskriptif, analisis spasial dilakukan dengan software ArcGis 9.3. Hasil: Penelitian ini tidak menemukan penderita baru filarisis (mf rate=0%. Sebanyak 129 ekor nyamuk telah dilakukan pembedahan dengan hasil semuanya negatip cacing filaria. Hasil identifikasi nyamuk menemukan spesies nyamuk Culex quinquefasciatus merupakan nyamuk yang dominan (72,86% di lokasi penelitian.Terdapat breeding places (40% berupa genangan air terbuka (SPAL dan resting places (83,3% berupa semak-semak di sekitar rumah penderita. Analisis spasial

  3. Microbewerking met behulp van lasers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ezendam, M.M.M.

    1994-01-01

    Het bewerken van materialen met behulp van lasers staat momenteel enorm in de belangstelling, en terecht. De ontwikkeling van bestaande en nieuwe typen lasers staat alles behalve stil. Ontwikkelingen bevinden zich met name in het gebied van hogere vermogens, betere bundelkwaliteit en hogere

  4. THRESHOLD LOGIC IN ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE

    Science.gov (United States)

    COMPUTER LOGIC, ARTIFICIAL INTELLIGENCE , BIONICS, GEOMETRY, INPUT OUTPUT DEVICES, LINEAR PROGRAMMING, MATHEMATICAL LOGIC, MATHEMATICAL PREDICTION, NETWORKS, PATTERN RECOGNITION, PROBABILITY, SWITCHING CIRCUITS, SYNTHESIS

  5. Relativistic quantum logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mittelstaedt, P.

    1983-01-01

    on the basis of the well-known quantum logic and quantum probability a formal language of relativistic quantum physics is developed. This language incorporates quantum logical as well as relativistic restrictions. It is shown that relativity imposes serious restrictions on the validity regions of propositions in space-time. By an additional postulate this relativistic quantum logic can be made consistent. The results of this paper are derived exclusively within the formal quantum language; they are, however, in accordance with well-known facts of relativistic quantum physics in Hilbert space. (author)

  6. Coherent quantum logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Finkelstein, D.

    1987-01-01

    The von Neumann quantum logic lacks two basic symmetries of classical logic, that between sets and classes, and that between lower and higher order predicates. Similarly, the structural parallel between the set algebra and linear algebra of Grassmann and Peano was left incomplete by them in two respects. In this work a linear algebra is constructed that completes this correspondence and is interpreted as a new quantum logic that restores these invariances, and as a quantum set theory. It applies to experiments with coherent quantum phase relations between the quantum and the apparatus. The quantum set theory is applied to model a Lorentz-invariant quantum time-space complex

  7. Logical inference and evaluation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Perey, F.G.

    1981-01-01

    Most methodologies of evaluation currently used are based upon the theory of statistical inference. It is generally perceived that this theory is not capable of dealing satisfactorily with what are called systematic errors. Theories of logical inference should be capable of treating all of the information available, including that not involving frequency data. A theory of logical inference is presented as an extension of deductive logic via the concept of plausibility and the application of group theory. Some conclusions, based upon the application of this theory to evaluation of data, are also given

  8. Layered Fixed Point Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Filipiuk, Piotr; Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    2012-01-01

    We present a logic for the specification of static analysis problems that goes beyond the logics traditionally used. Its most prominent feature is the direct support for both inductive computations of behaviors as well as co-inductive specifications of properties. Two main theoretical contributions...... are a Moore Family result and a parametrized worst case time complexity result. We show that the logic and the associated solver can be used for rapid prototyping of analyses and illustrate a wide variety of applications within Static Analysis, Constraint Satisfaction Problems and Model Checking. In all cases...

  9. A multiplicity logic unit

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bialkowski, J.; Moszynski, M.; Zagorski, A.

    1981-01-01

    The logic diagram principle of operation and some details of the design of the multiplicity logic unit are presented. This unit was specially designed to fulfil the requirements of a multidetector arrangement for gamma-ray multiplicity measurements. The unit is equipped with 16 inputs controlled by a common coincidence gate. It delivers a linear output pulse with the height proportional to the multiplicity of coincidences and logic pulses corresponding to 0, 1, ... up to >= 5-fold coincidences. These last outputs are used to steer the routing unit working with the multichannel analyser. (orig.)

  10. Gezondheidsrisico's in verband met het werken met Polychloorbifenylen : een onderzoek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Geuskens, R.B.M.; Nossent, S.M.; Koëter, H.B.W.M.; Dreef-van der Meulen, H.C.; Stijkel, A.; Zielhuis, R.L.

    1989-01-01

    Met behulp van gegevens verkregen uit een werkplekinventarisatie naar gegevens over produktie/gebruik, risicopopulatie en (mogelijke) blootstelling aan polychloorbifenylen (PCB's), en een literatuurstudie naar mogelijke schadelijke eigenschappen van PCB's op het reproductiesysteem en/of nageslacht

  11. Advances in temporal logic

    CERN Document Server

    Fisher, Michael; Gabbay, Dov; Gough, Graham

    2000-01-01

    Time is a fascinating subject that has captured mankind's imagination from ancient times to the present. It has been, and continues to be studied across a wide range of disciplines, from the natural sciences to philosophy and logic. More than two decades ago, Pnueli in a seminal work showed the value of temporal logic in the specification and verification of computer programs. Today, a strong, vibrant international research community exists in the broad community of computer science and AI. This volume presents a number of articles from leading researchers containing state-of-the-art results in such areas as pure temporal/modal logic, specification and verification, temporal databases, temporal aspects in AI, tense and aspect in natural language, and temporal theorem proving. Earlier versions of some of the articles were given at the most recent International Conference on Temporal Logic, University of Manchester, UK. Readership: Any student of the area - postgraduate, postdoctoral or even research professor ...

  12. Logic and Learning

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella; Gierasimczuk, Nina; de Jong, Dick

    2014-01-01

    Learning and learnability have been long standing topics of interests within the linguistic, computational, and epistemological accounts of inductive in- ference. Johan van Benthem’s vision of the “dynamic turn” has not only brought renewed life to research agendas in logic as the study of inform......Learning and learnability have been long standing topics of interests within the linguistic, computational, and epistemological accounts of inductive in- ference. Johan van Benthem’s vision of the “dynamic turn” has not only brought renewed life to research agendas in logic as the study...... of information processing, but likewise helped bring logic and learning in close proximity. This proximity relation is examined with respect to learning and belief revision, updating and efficiency, and with respect to how learnability fits in the greater scheme of dynamic epistemic logic and scientific method....

  13. Magnonic logic circuits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Khitun, Alexander; Bao Mingqiang; Wang, Kang L

    2010-01-01

    We describe and analyse possible approaches to magnonic logic circuits and basic elements required for circuit construction. A distinctive feature of the magnonic circuitry is that information is transmitted by spin waves propagating in the magnetic waveguides without the use of electric current. The latter makes it possible to exploit spin wave phenomena for more efficient data transfer and enhanced logic functionality. We describe possible schemes for general computing and special task data processing. The functional throughput of the magnonic logic gates is estimated and compared with the conventional transistor-based approach. Magnonic logic circuits allow scaling down to the deep submicrometre range and THz frequency operation. The scaling is in favour of the magnonic circuits offering a significant functional advantage over the traditional approach. The disadvantages and problems of the spin wave devices are also discussed.

  14. PENINGKATAN KOMPETENSI GURU MELALUI WORKSHOP PENYUSUNAN SOAL DIGITAL BAHASA JAWA DENGAN MENGGUNAKAN PROGRAM ADOBE CAPTIVATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joko Sukoyo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Kegiatan workshop ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk meningkatkan kemampuan guru sekolah dasar di Kecamatan Semarang Utara dalam hal penyusunan soal digital bahasa Jawa dengan menggunakan program adobe captivate. Metode yang digunakan dalam kegiatan ini adalah: ceramah, demonstrasi, praktik langsung, tanya jawab, dan penugasan. Peserta yang mengikuti workshop sebanyak 47 guru SD di Kecamatan Semarang Utara. Materi yang diberikan kepada peserta meliputi pengenalan program adobe captivate, penginstalan program adobe captivate, dan penulisan soal digital bahasa Jawa dengan menggunakan program adobe captivate. Kegiatan workshop ini berdampak positif kepada guru-guru SD di Kecamatan Semarang Utara. Sebelum diadakan kegiatan workshop, mereka sama sekali tidak dapat membuat soal digital dengan program adobe captivate. Setelah diadakan kegiatan worshop dan diadakan evaluasi terjadi peningkatan yang sangat signifikan, lebih dari 75% dapat membuat soal digital.

  15. Implementasi Data Mining Dalam Data Bencana Tanah Longsor Di Jawa Barat Menggunakan Algoritma Fp-Growth

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Castaka Agus Sugianto

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Jawa Barat merupakan salah satu zona rawan longsor di Indonesia. Pengurangan resiko bencana diantaranya adalah peringatan dini dengan langkah awal menganalisis data yang ada. Salah satu cara menganalisis data ini yaitu dengan teknik data mining. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pola hubungan aturan assosiatif antara suatu kombinasi data dan membentuk pola kombinasi datasets dengan menggunakan algoritma Fp-growth dalam data bencana tanah longsor yang di dapat dari Badan Nasional Penanggulangan Bencana dan Badan Penanggulangan Bencana Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat periode data dari 2011 sampai dengan 2016. Hasil penelitian ini mendapatkan nilai confidence tertinggi sebesar 1 dengan premises malam, jalan rusak dan conclusion hujan deras dan premises tanah labil, korban jiwa, sore dengan conclusion hujan deras yang berarti keterkaitan satu kondisi dengan kondisi lain sebesar 100%. Untuk nilai support tertinggi dalam pola asosiatif didapatkan sebesar 0,629 dengan confidence 0,901 dengan premises rumah rusak dan conclusion hujan deras yang berarti 90% keterkaitan dengan kejadian 63% kemunculan.

  16. EFEK GENDER DAN TIPE KEPRIBADIAN DALAM PROSES PEMEROLEHAN BAHASA JAWA SEBAGAI BAHASA KEDU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paundra Pristyasiwi

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Pemerolehan bahasa kedua tidak lepas dari beberapa faktor pendukung dan faktor penghambat. Salah satu faktor yang berpengaruh dalam keberhasilan proses pemerolehan bahasa kedua adalah usia, jenis kelamin dan tentunya perbedaan kepribadian setiap individu. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mendiskripsikan efek gender dan tipe kepribadian terhadap pemerolehan bahas Jawa sebagai bahasa kedua pada siswa di SMK Giki 1 Surabaya. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada siswa kelas sebelas dan duabelas yang berasal dari luar Jawa (Surabaya tahun akademik 2017/2018. Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah metode deskriptif kualitatif dengan model analisis kategoris deskriptif. Hasil penelitian ini membuktikan bahwa (1 terdapat perbedaan pada proses pemerolehan bahasa kedua atara siswa perempuan dan laki-laki, siswa perempuan memiliki kemauan dan kemampuan yang lebih tinggi daripada siswa laki-laki, (2 terdapat perbedaan penguasaan pemerolehan bahasa pada siswa berkepribadian ekstrovert dan introvert, siswa ektrovert memiliki kompetensi pemerolehan lebih tinggi daripada siswa berkepribadian introvert.

  17. Characterization of quantum logics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lahti, P.J.

    1980-01-01

    The quantum logic approach to axiomatic quantum mechanics is used to analyze the conceptual foundations of the traditional quantum theory. The universal quantum of action h>0 is incorporated into the theory by introducing the uncertainty principle, the complementarity principle, and the superposition principle into the framework. A characterization of those quantum logics (L,S) which may provide quantum descriptions is then given. (author)

  18. A Conceptual Space Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nilsson, Jørgen Fischer

    1999-01-01

    Conceptual spaces have been proposed as topological or geometric means for establishing conceptual structures and models. This paper, after briey reviewing conceptual spaces, focusses on the relationship between conceptual spaces and logical concept languages with operations for combining concepts...... to form concepts. Speci cally is introduced an algebraic concept logic, for which conceptual spaces are installed as semantic domain as replacement for, or enrichment of, the traditional....

  19. Extending Value Logic Thinking to Value Logic Portfolios

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andersen, Poul Houman; Ritter, Thomas

    2014-01-01

    Based on value creation logic theory (Stabell & Fjeldstad, 1998), this paper suggests an extension of the original Stabell & Fjeldstad model by an additional fourth value logic, the value system logic. Furthermore, instead of only allowing one dominant value creation logic for a given firm...... or transaction, an understanding of firms and transactions as a portfolio of value logics (i.e. an interconnected coexistence of different value creation logics) is proposed. These additions to the original value creation logic theory imply interesting avenues for both, strategic decision making in firms...

  20. ARCA DWARAPALA PADA CANDI-CANDI BUDDHA DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Wahyu Sarjanawati

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available Temple as a product of the culture of Hindu-Buddhist period is the building that describes the concept of cosmogony and a replica of Mount Mahameru the place of the gods. Dwarapala statue is one of the guards in almost Javanese temple. The existence of this statue in the temple (depiction microcosm has a meaning. Problems which will be solved, namely: (1 where the statue Dwarapala placed in the temple Plaosan and the temple Sewu (2 how is the depiction of Dwarapala statues in the temple Palosan and the temple Sewu? Gana figure that became the object of the study were analyzed with hermeneutical analysis. Hermeneutical analysis of the statue Dwarapala can only be done if the information about these statues is known. From the results of research and discussion can be seen that the meaning of the statue at Buddhist temple Dwarapala not be separated from the concept of cosmogony. Portrayal system was adapted to the function of these statues at the temple. So it can be said that the statues have meaning that Dwarapala is a portrayal of religious situation in the Hindu-Buddhist and the symbol of the world above (heaven. The placement of temple statues Dwarapala complement cosmogony concept representations, thus building meaning of worship into a whole. Keywords:  Dwarapala, temple, hermeneutic   Candi sebagai produk dari budaya masa Hindu-Buddha adalah bangunan yang menggambarkan konsep kosmogoni dan replika Gunung Mahameru tempat para dewa. Patung Dwarapala adalah salah satu penjaga di kuil hampir Jawa. Keberadaan patung ini di candi (mikrokosmos penggambaran memiliki arti. Masalah yang akan dipecahkan, yaitu: (1 bagaimana patung Dwarapala ditempatkan di candi Plaosan dan candi Sewu (2 bagaimana penggambaran patung Dwarapala di candi Palosan dan candi Sewu? Gana sosok yang menjadi objek penelitian dianalisis dengan analisis hermeneutis. Analisis hermeneutis patung Dwarapala hanya dapat dilakukan jika informasi tentang patung-patung ini dikenal

  1. KELAYAKAN INDUSTRI KECIL BIOETANOL BERBAHAN BAKU MOLASES DI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rita Nurmalina Suryana

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACTThe objectives of this study were (1 to analyze the molasses based bioethanol production in Central Java Province and (2 to analyze the non-financial and financial feasibility of this bioethanol processing activity.  To analyze the financial feasibility this study used investment criteria namely net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, and discounted pay back period while to analyze the changes of cost and benefit in bioethanol manufacturing activity this study used the switching value analysys.  The results of this study showed that bioethanol manufacturing activity in Sub-Province of Sukoharjo and Pati were financially feasible and can be considered by investors in selecting similar business. But on The other side, the supply of molasses as the raw material in that location is important, so they need to make partnership with the suppliers. The result for switching value analysis showed that the decreasing of production or price of bioethanol more sensitive than the others (increasing of variable input cost for molasses.  There was no negative effect from the production activity because the waste from the bioethanol manufacturing is not hazardous for the surrounding area.Keywords: bioethanol, molasses, feasibility analysis, small industryABSTRAKTujuan dari kajian ini adalah (1 menganalisis kegiatan proses produksi bioetanol berbahan dasar molases di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan (2 menganalisis kelayakan pada aspek non finansial dan aspek finansial dari kegiatan proses produksi bioetano berbahan dasar molases. Dalam menganalisis kelayakan finansial digunakan kriteria investasi yaitu net present value, internal rate of return, net benefit-cost ratio, dan discounted pay back period, serta untuk mengetahui sejauh mana perubahan maksimum dalam tiap komponen biaya dan manfaat dalam kegiatan pengolahan bioetanol berbahan dasar molases digunakan analisis switching value. Hasil studi menunjukkan kegiatan pengolahan

  2. Towards a Formal Occurrence Logic based on Predicate Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Badie, Farshad; Götzsche, Hans

    2015-01-01

    In this discussion we will concentrate on the main characteristics of an alternative kind of logic invented by Hans Götzsche: Occurrence Logic, which is not based on truth functionality. Our approach is based on temporal logic developed and elaborated by A. N. Prior. We will focus on characterising...... argumentation based on formal Occurrence Logic concerning events and occurrences, and illustrate the relations between Predicate Logic and Occurrence Logic. The relationships (and dependencies) is conducive to an approach that can analyse the occurrences of ”logical statements based on different logical...... principles” in different moments. We will also conclude that the elaborated Götzsche’s Occurrence Logic could be able to direct us to a truth-functional independent computer-based logic for analysing argumentation based on events and occurrences....

  3. WACANA TEMBANG MACAPAT SEBAGAI PENGUNGKAP SISTEM KOGNISI DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL ETNIK JAWA

    OpenAIRE

    Dwi Bambang Putut Setiyadi

    2010-01-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui struktur dan karakteristik wacana tembang macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha, sasmita, dan sistem kognisi, serta kearifan lokal etnik Jawa. Objek penelitian yang berupa wacana tembang macapat disediakan dengan teknik pustaka, simak, dan catat. Analisis data menggunakan metode analisis wacana. Hasil penelitian: (1) Strktur wacana macapat Tripama, Wulangreh, and Kalatidha disusun dalam pola purwa wacana, madya wacana, dan wasana wacana. Ketiga...

  4. JURNALISME BENCANA DALAM PEMBERITAAN KECELAKAAN AIRASIA QZ8501 PADA SURAT KABAR JAWA POS DAN KOMPAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Finsensius Yuli Purnama

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Disaster has always been one of the topics of media attention. There are many sensitive issues that encourage the emergence of a special study in the field of journalism, related to disaster journalism. Disaster journalism in this research is intended as any journalism principle used by Jawa Pos and Kompas related to disaster. It contains two dimensions in disaster journalism that is process dimension and result dimension. This research focuses on the result dimension of AirAsia QZ8501 aircraft crash report that occurred on December 28, 2014. There are four principles that should be used by media in covering disaster: accuracy principle, humanist principle especially victim voice principle, commitment principle towards rehabilitation, and control and advocacy principle . By using content analysis method, the result of this research shows that the principle of disaster journalism applied by Jawa Pos is the principle of accuracy and humanist. While the principle of disaster journalism applied by Kompas is the principle of accuracy only.   Bencana selalu menjadi salah satu topik yang mendapat sorotan media. Terdapat banyak isu sensitif yang mendorong munculnya sebuah kajian khusus di bidang jurnalistik, terkait dengan jurnalisme bencana. Jurnalisme bencana dalam penelitian ini dimaksudkan sebagai prinsip jurnalisme apa saja yang digunakan oleh Jawa Pos dan Kompas terkait bencana. Terkandung dua dimensi dalam jurnalisme bencana yaitu dimensi proses dan dimensi hasil. Penelitian ini berfokus pada dimensi hasil yaitu berita kecelakaan pesawat AirAsia QZ8501 yang terjadi pada 28 Desember 2014. Terdapat empat prinsip yang harus digunakan media dalam meliput bencana: prinsip akurasi, prinsip humanis khususnya prinsip suara korban, prinsip komitmen menuju rehabilitasi, serta prinsip kontrol dan advokasi. Dengan menggunakan metode analisis isi, hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa prinsip jurnalisme bencana yang diterapkan Jawa Pos adalah prinsip

  5. Desain Interior Four Points Solo untuk Menampilkan Citra Hotel Bisnis Elegan Kontemporer dengan Sentuhan Budaya Jawa

    OpenAIRE

    Paramita, Trivesti Laksmi

    2015-01-01

    Kota Solo sebagai salah satu potensi pariwisata di sentral Jawa telah banyak kemajuan. Sebagai salah satu kota wisata MICE (Meeting, Incentive, Convention, and Exhibition) di Indonesia, Solo melengkapi kemajuan infrastuktur kotanya dengan fasilitas penunjang, kemudahan akses dan akomodasi bagi para pebisnis. Hotel bisnis adalah hotel yang fasilitas utamanya dapat mengakomodasi seluruh kegiatan bisnis tamu hotel. Four Points by Sheraton yang merupakan hotel bisnis dengan klasifikasi bintang em...

  6. LINGKUNGAN "PECINAN" DALAM TATA RUANG KOTA DI JAWA PADA MASA KOLONIAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Handinoto Handinoto

    1999-01-01

    Full Text Available Pecinan (Chinese Camp area is never absent in the town of Java. Although the specific characteristics of this mileu is not so strong any more at the present as it was in the past, its presency in diverse smaller towns in Java is still felt as something different. The specific atmosphere of the area, centered on the klenteng as the place of workship, its social environment, included the specific style of house construction, are easy to be recognized. In some world cities like San Fransisco and Manila, the socalled China Towns are just stimulated for its existence. It is even so far, that theyare recomended as tourist destination objects. During the rule of the New Order (1965-1998, Pecinan in the towns in Indonesia are systimatically abolished, because of sicio political considerations. This paper tries to trace back the history of those Chinese Camps in the older towns of Java, to have a certain picture of its existence in the past. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Lingkungan "Pecinan" selalu ada di hampir semua kota-kota di Jawa. Meskipun sekarang lingkungan ini sudah semakin kabur, tapi di beberapa kota kecil di Jawa bekas kehadirannya masih sangat terasa sekali. Atmosfir lingkungannya yang khas, diperkuat dengan kehadiran kelenteng sebagai pusat ibadah dan sosial, serta bentuk-bentuk bangunan yang khas pula sangat mudah untuk ditengarai. Di beberapa kota di dunia seperti San Fransisco, Manila dan sebagainya daerah Pecinan ini justru di perkuat kehadirannya. Bahkan daerah tersebut bisa dijadikan sebagai daerah tujuan wisata kota. Selama Orde baru, karena alasan sosial dan politik, kehadiran Pecinan di kota-kota Indonesia, mulai dihapuskan. Tulisan ini mencoba untuk menelusuri sejarah kehadiran daerah "Pecinan" pada kota-kota di Jawa pada masa lampau. Kata kunci : Kota di Jawa jaman kolonial, Pecinan.

  7. KAPASITAS PENYULUH PERTANIAN DALAM UPAYA MENINGKATKAN PRODUKTIVITAS PERTANIAN DI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aryo Fajar Sunartomo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKProvinsi Jawa Timur merupakan salah penyedia produk-produk pertanian. Oleh karena itu penguatan sektor pertanian melalui program peningkatan produktifitas perlu dilakukan dimana salah satunya berhubungan dengan peran penyuluh pertanian. Tujuan dari kegiatan penelitian ini adalah mengukur kinerja penyuluh pertanian dalam rangka meningkatkan produktifitas pertanian di Jawa Timur. Pendekatan penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan/metode deskriptif, analitik dan korelasional. Daerah penelitian dilaksanakan secara purposive method pada 4 (empat kabupaten di Jawa Timur, yaitu Jember, Banyuwangi, Nganjuk, dan Kediri. kinerja penyuluh pertanian dalam rangka peningkatan produksi pertanian Di Jawa Timur memiliki kategori sangat baik. Strategi Kebijakan Penyuluhan yang tepat untuk meningkatkan produktivitas pertanian adalah meningkatkan program-program terkait kelembagaan, kuantitas dan kualitas penyuluh serta perbaikan kelembagaan kelompok tani. Tujuan yang harus dicapai adalah peningkatan mutu penyuluhan pertanian, sasaran dari tujuan tersebut adalah peningkatan kualitas dan kuantitas penyuluh melalui pendidikan dan pelatihan, serta pemberdayaan kelompok tani. AGRICULTURAL EXTENSION CAPACITY IN EFFORTS TO INCREASE AGRICULTURAL PRODUCTIVITY IN EAST JAVAABSTRACTEast Java province is one of provider agricultural products. Therefore, the strengthening of the agricultural sector through productivity improvement programs need to be done one which relates to the role of agricultural extension. The purpose of this research activity is to measure the performance of agricultural extension in order to increase agricultural productivity in East Java. This research approach using the approach / method descriptive, analytical and correlational. Research area by purposive method in 4 (four districts in East Java, that are Jember, Banyuwangi, Nganjuk and Kediri. Agricultural Extension Performance in order to increase agricultural production in East Java has a

  8. KERAGAMAN FENOTIPE TRUSS MORFOMETRIK DAN GENOTIPE IKAN GABUS (Channa striata DARI JAWA BARAT, SUMATERA SELATAN, DAN KALIMANTAN TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Irin Iriana Kusmini

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ikan gabus di Indonesia awalnya hanya terdapat di Barat garis Wallace (Sumatera, Jawa, dan Kalimantan yang kemudian diintroduksi ke Indonesia bagian Timur. Ikan gabus termasuk ke dalam deretan ikan air tawar sebagai sumber daya genetik untuk menunjang diversifikasi usaha budidaya. Guna menyukseskan program diversifikasi tersebut, maka perlu diketahui keragaman genetik ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan Tengah agar dapat direkomendasikan sebagai dasar pemuliaan. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk menganalisis keragaman dan kekerabatan antara populasi ikan gabus dari Jawa Barat, Sumatera Selatan, dan Kalimantan tengah. Metode penelitian dilakukan dengan analisis fenotipe terhadap 16 ekor ikan sampel dari masing-masing daerah tersebut, sedangkan untuk analisis keragaman genotipe masing-masing digunakan 10 ekor ikan dari setiap daerah. Analisis tersebut dilakukan melalui truss morfometrik dan RAPD dengan primer OPA-10, OPA-11, dan OPA-15. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan keragaman berdasarkan truss morfometrik dan hasil PCR ikan gabus asal Sumatera Selatan lebih tinggi dibandingkan Kalimantan Tengah dan Jawa Barat. Kekerabatan ikan gabus Kalimantan Tengah lebih dekat dengan ikan gabus Sumatera Selatan dibandingkan dengan ikan gabus Jawa Barat. Hasil penelitian ini dapat dijadikan sebagai informasi untuk pertimbangan dalam program pemuliaan.

  9. ANALISIS FAKTOR-FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI KEPUASAN KONSUMEN BERBELANJA ONLINE DI PROVINSI PULAU JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Januar Israhmawan Putra

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Penggunaan internet di Indonesia yang tumbuh dengan pesat diikuti dengan banyak ber - munculan situs e-commerce yang merubah budaya dan gaya berbelanja masyarakat menjadi serba online. Pertumbuhan pasar e-commerce ini harus dibarengi dengan pelayanan yang akan diberikan kepada konsumennya secara baik agar konsumen merasa puas ketika bertran - saksi kepada perusahaan. Tujuan penelitian ini yaitu untuk mengetahui faktor apa saja yang mempengaruhi kepuasan konsumen berbelanja online pada situs jual beli Lazada, Zalora, dan Mataharimall. Variabel independent yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini yaitu Website Design, Security, Information Quality, Payment Method, E-service Quality, Product Quality, Product Variety, Delivery Service dan variebel dependent adalah Customer Satisfaction. �e- �e- �e - sponden dalam penelitian ini adalah konsumen Lazada, Zalora, dan Mataharimall yang be - rada di wilayah Provinsi Jawa Barat, Jawa Tengah, dan Jawa Timur dengan jumlah responden sebanyak 400 orang. Teknik sampling yang digunakan adalah nonprobability sampling yaitu porposive sampling. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode kuantitatif dengan teknik analisis data regresi berganda dan teknik analisis deskriptif. Hasil peneltian ini menunjukan bahwa website design, information quality, product vaiety, delivery service berpengaruh signifikan terhadap kepuasan konsumen dalam berbelanja online.

  10. Campursari Karya Manthous: Kreativitas Industri Musik Jawa dalam Ruang Budaya Massa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wadiyo -

    2012-12-01

    Campursari karya Manthous adalah sebuah campuran dari musik pentatonik gamelan  Jawa  dengan  musik  populer  di  Indonesia  yang  mengacu  pada               musik   diatonis   Barat.   Nada   gamelan   dan   frekuensi   lagu   semuanya ditransformasikan menjadi nada frekuensi diatonis. Namun, harmonisasi yang digunakan adalah harmoni pentatonis gamelan Jawa. Campursari karya Manthous telah  berhasil  menjadi salah  satu  industri  musik  besar  karena didukung oleh tiga komponen, yaitu penyelenggara produksi musik, distribusi produksi musik, dan kebutuhan masyarakat. Peran media massa juga sangat membantu terhadap keberadaan karya ini. Berita tentang Manthous dan Campursarinya menyebar secara luas di masyarakat melalui media massa. Dalam waktu kemunculannya yang relatif singkat, Campursari karya Manthous telah menjadi musik Jawa dalam ruang budaya massa.     Kata kunci: Campursari, budaya massa, industri musik

  11. PENERAPAN MODEL THINK-PAIR-SHARE UNTUK MENINGKATKAN KETERAMPILAN MENULIS KELAS II SDN 3 BANJAR JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ningsi Soisana Lakilaf

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan keterampilan menulis siswa  setelah penerapan model pembelajaran Think-Pear-Share bermediakan gambar pada siswa kelas II Semester I di SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa, Tahun Pelajaran 2017/2018.Pelaksanaan penelitian ini menggunakan penelitian tindakan kelas (PTK yang dilaksanakan dalam 2 silklus,  setiap siklus  terdiri dari 2 pertemua, dengan tahapan yang terdiri dari (1 perencanaan, (2 pelaksanaan, (3 pengamatan, dan (4 refleksi. Subjek penelitian ini adalah guru dan siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa  dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik tes dan nontes.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukan bahwa dengan menggunakan model pembelajaran Think-Pair-Share bermedia gamabar diketahui bahwa ketuntasan hasil belajar siswa mengalami peningkatan dalam pembelajaran dengan hasil presentasi mendeskripsikan secara tertulis sebelum pelaksanaan tindakan 27%, siklus I 77% dan Siklus II 90 %. Pembelajaran dengan menerapkan model Think-Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan menulis. Kesimpulan dari penelitian ini adalah melalui penerapan model Think- Pair-Share bermedia gambar dapat meningkatkan keterampilan  menulis siswa kelas II SD Negeri 3 Banjar Jawa,. Saran yang dapat diberikan adalah sebaiknya guru lebih aktif dan kreatif dalam melaksanakan pembelajaran yang inovatif dan menyenangkan.   Kata Kunci : Keterampilan menulis, model Think-Pair-Share

  12. Modern logic and quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Garden, R.W.

    1984-01-01

    The book applies the methods of modern logic and probabilities to ''interpreting'' quantum mechanics. The subject is described and discussed under the chapter headings: classical and quantum mechanics, modern logic, the propositional logic of mechanics, states and measurement in mechanics, the traditional analysis of probabilities, the probabilities of mechanics and the model logic of predictions. (U.K.)

  13. Semantic theory for logic programming

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brown, F M

    1981-01-01

    The author axiomatizes a number of meta theoretic concepts which have been used in logic programming, including: meaning, logical truth, nonentailment, assertion and erasure, thus showing that these concepts are logical in nature and need not be defined as they have previously been defined in terms of the operations of any particular interpreter for logic programs. 10 references.

  14. Relational Parametricity and Separation Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkedal, Lars; Yang, Hongseok

    2008-01-01

    Separation logic is a recent extension of Hoare logic for reasoning about programs with references to shared mutable data structures. In this paper, we provide a new interpretation of the logic for a programming language with higher types. Our interpretation is based on Reynolds's relational...... parametricity, and it provides a formal connection between separation logic and data abstraction. Udgivelsesdato: 2008...

  15. DAMPAK PERKEMBANGAN KAWASAN PENDIDIKAN DI TEMBALANG SEMARANG JAWA TENGAH (The Impact Development of Education Area in Tembalang Semarang Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Budi Prasetyo Samadikun

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Kawasan Tembalang merupakan salah satu wilayah pemekaran Kota Semarang Propinsi Jawa Tengah yang peruntukannya sebagai daerah pusat pengembangan pendidikan serta  pertumbuhan perumahan dan permukiman.  Pada tahap awal,  perkembangan kampus (kawasan pendidikan di wilayah ini masih berdampak positif, khususnya pada pertumbuhan/perbaikan infrastruktur. Seiring dengan berjalannya waktu, ternyata mulai timbul dampak negatif pada lingkungan di sekitar kawasan kampus. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengkaji tahapan dan bentuk perubahan yang terjadi di Kawasan Tembalang, serta mengkaji kondisi eksisting permukiman dan infrastruktur di wilayah ini. Metode penelitian ini menggunakan metode penelitian survei dengan menggabungkan metode kuantitatif dan metode kualitatif. Pengambilan sampel dilakukan dengan teknik purposive, teknik pengumpulan data menggunakan kuesioner, wawancara mendalam, dan observasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa terdapat beberapa tahapan dan bentuk perubahan yang terjadi selama empat tahap mencakup aspek kependudukan, matapencaharian, kondisi sosial-ekonomi-budaya, suplai kebutuhan, tata guna lahan, kondisi infrastruktur, dan lingkungan. Nilai skoring terhadap infrastruktur eksisting bernilai baik untuk kondisi transportasi dan drainase, kondisi bangunan dinilai buruk, dan kondisi persampahan dinilai sedang.  ABSTRACT Tembalang region is one of expansion area in Semarang City that used for regional center of educational development and growth of housing and settlements. In the early stages, the development of the campus in the region still poses a positive impact, especially on the growth/improvement of infrastructure. Further developments, it began to be a negative impact on the environment around the campus area. The objectives of this research are to examine the changing phase and shape that occur in Tembalang region, and to assess the existing condition of settlements and infrastructure  in the region. This

  16. Non-logic devices in logic processes

    CERN Document Server

    Ma, Yanjun

    2017-01-01

    This book shows readers how to design semiconductor devices using the most common and lowest cost logic CMOS processes.  Readers will benefit from the author’s extensive, industrial experience and the practical approach he describes for designing efficiently semiconductor devices that typically have to be implemented using specialized processes that are expensive, time-consuming, and low-yield. The author presents an integrated picture of semiconductor device physics and manufacturing techniques, as well as numerous practical examples of device designs that are tried and true.

  17. Penerapan Skeptisisme Profesional Auditor Internal Pemerintah dalam Mendeteksi Kecurangan (Studi Kasus pada Auditor Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarina Gabryela Aprilyanti Butar Butar

    2017-08-01

    Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mendeskripsikan penerapan skeptisisme profesional auditor internal pemerintah di Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Jawa Tengah dalam mendeteksi kecurangan. Penerapan skeptisisme profesional akan dipahami berdasarkan karakteristik sikap yang membentuknya sebagaimana dinyatakan oleh Hurtt et al., (2010 antara lain questioning mind, suspension on judgment, search for knowledge, interpesonal understanding, self-confidence, dan self-determination. Penelitian menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif dan mengacu pada proposisi teori. Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan teknik wawancara kepada auditor investigasi dari setiap jabatan fungsional tim audit. Responden wawancara ditentukan dengan teknik purposive sampling yaitu auditor investigasi yang pernah menerima gugatan terkait hasil audit. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa auditor investigasi Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Jawa Tengah menerapkan skeptisisme profesional dalam mendeteksi kecurangan. Auditor mampu mempertanggungjawabkan kebenaran laporan hasil auditnya dengan ditolaknya lima gugatan dari enam gugatan yang diterima Perwakilan BPKP Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Sedangkan satu gugatan masih dalam proses pengadilan.

  18. Modal Logics with Counting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Areces, Carlos; Hoffmann, Guillaume; Denis, Alexandre

    We present a modal language that includes explicit operators to count the number of elements that a model might include in the extension of a formula, and we discuss how this logic has been previously investigated under different guises. We show that the language is related to graded modalities and to hybrid logics. We illustrate a possible application of the language to the treatment of plural objects and queries in natural language. We investigate the expressive power of this logic via bisimulations, discuss the complexity of its satisfiability problem, define a new reasoning task that retrieves the cardinality bound of the extension of a given input formula, and provide an algorithm to solve it.

  19. Diagnosable structured logic array

    Science.gov (United States)

    Whitaker, Sterling (Inventor); Miles, Lowell (Inventor); Gambles, Jody (Inventor); Maki, Gary K. (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    A diagnosable structured logic array and associated process is provided. A base cell structure is provided comprising a logic unit comprising a plurality of input nodes, a plurality of selection nodes, and an output node, a plurality of switches coupled to the selection nodes, where the switches comprises a plurality of input lines, a selection line and an output line, a memory cell coupled to the output node, and a test address bus and a program control bus coupled to the plurality of input lines and the selection line of the plurality of switches. A state on each of the plurality of input nodes is verifiably loaded and read from the memory cell. A trusted memory block is provided. The associated process is provided for testing and verifying a plurality of truth table inputs of the logic unit.

  20. VHDL for logic synthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Rushton, Andrew

    2011-01-01

    Many engineers encountering VHDL (very high speed integrated circuits hardware description language) for the first time can feel overwhelmed by it. This book bridges the gap between the VHDL language and the hardware that results from logic synthesis with clear organisation, progressing from the basics of combinational logic, types, and operators; through special structures such as tristate buses, register banks and memories, to advanced themes such as developing your own packages, writing test benches and using the full range of synthesis types. This third edition has been substantially rewritten to include the new VHDL-2008 features that enable synthesis of fixed-point and floating-point hardware. Extensively updated throughout to reflect modern logic synthesis usage, it also contains a complete case study to demonstrate the updated features. Features to this edition include: * a common VHDL subset which will work across a range of different synthesis systems, targeting a very wide range of technologies...

  1. Fuzzy logic in management

    CERN Document Server

    Carlsson, Christer; Fullér, Robert

    2004-01-01

    Fuzzy Logic in Management demonstrates that difficult problems and changes in the management environment can be more easily handled by bringing fuzzy logic into the practice of management. This explicit theme is developed through the book as follows: Chapter 1, "Management and Intelligent Support Technologies", is a short survey of management leadership and what can be gained from support technologies. Chapter 2, "Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic", provides a short introduction to fuzzy sets, fuzzy relations, the extension principle, fuzzy implications and linguistic variables. Chapter 3, "Group Decision Support Systems", deals with group decision making, and discusses methods for supporting the consensus reaching processes. Chapter 4, "Fuzzy Real Options for Strategic Planning", summarizes research where the fuzzy real options theory was implemented as a series of models. These models were thoroughly tested on a number of real life investments, and validated in 2001. Chapter 5, "Soft Computing Methods for Reducing...

  2. Continuous Markovian Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mardare, Radu Iulian; Cardelli, Luca; Larsen, Kim Guldstrand

    2012-01-01

    Continuous Markovian Logic (CML) is a multimodal logic that expresses quantitative and qualitative properties of continuous-time labelled Markov processes with arbitrary (analytic) state-spaces, henceforth called continuous Markov processes (CMPs). The modalities of CML evaluate the rates...... of the exponentially distributed random variables that characterize the duration of the labeled transitions of a CMP. In this paper we present weak and strong complete axiomatizations for CML and prove a series of metaproperties, including the finite model property and the construction of canonical models. CML...... characterizes stochastic bisimilarity and it supports the definition of a quantified extension of the satisfiability relation that measures the "compatibility" between a model and a property. In this context, the metaproperties allows us to prove two robustness theorems for the logic stating that one can...

  3. MANUAL LOGIC CONTROLLER (MLC)

    OpenAIRE

    Claude Ziad Bayeh

    2015-01-01

    The “Manual Logic Controller” also called MLC, is an electronic circuit invented and designed by the author in 2008, in order to replace the well known PLC (Programmable Logic Controller) in many applications for its advantages and its low cost of fabrication. The function of the MLC is somewhat similar to the well known PLC, but instead of doing it by inserting a written program into the PLC using a computer or specific software inside the PLC, it will be manually programmed in a manner to h...

  4. Set theory and logic

    CERN Document Server

    Stoll, Robert R

    1979-01-01

    Set Theory and Logic is the result of a course of lectures for advanced undergraduates, developed at Oberlin College for the purpose of introducing students to the conceptual foundations of mathematics. Mathematics, specifically the real number system, is approached as a unity whose operations can be logically ordered through axioms. One of the most complex and essential of modern mathematical innovations, the theory of sets (crucial to quantum mechanics and other sciences), is introduced in a most careful concept manner, aiming for the maximum in clarity and stimulation for further study in

  5. Introduction to mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Mendelson, Elliott

    2009-01-01

    The Propositional CalculusPropositional Connectives. Truth TablesTautologies Adequate Sets of Connectives An Axiom System for the Propositional Calculus Independence. Many-Valued LogicsOther AxiomatizationsFirst-Order Logic and Model TheoryQuantifiersFirst-Order Languages and Their Interpretations. Satisfiability and Truth. ModelsFirst-Order TheoriesProperties of First-Order Theories Additional Metatheorems and Derived Rules Rule C Completeness Theorems First-Order Theories with EqualityDefinitions of New Function Letters and Individual Constants Prenex Normal Forms Isomorphism of Interpretati

  6. The Logic of XACML

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramli, Carroline Dewi Puspa Kencana; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Nielson, Flemming

    2011-01-01

    We study the international standard XACML 3.0 for describing security access control policy in a compositional way. Our main contribution is to derive a logic that precisely captures the idea behind the standard and to formally define the semantics of the policy combining algorithms of XACML....... To guard against modelling artefacts we provide an alternative way of characterizing the policy combining algorithms and we formally prove the equivalence of these approaches. This allows us to pinpoint the shortcoming of previous approaches to formalization based either on Belnap logic or on D -algebra....

  7. Digital logic circuit test

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Yun, Gil Jung; Yang, Hong Young

    2011-03-15

    This book is about digital logic circuit test, which lists the digital basic theory, basic gate like and, or And Not gate, NAND/NOR gate such as NAND gate, NOR gate, AND and OR, logic function, EX-OR gate, adder and subtractor, decoder and encoder, multiplexer, demultiplexer, flip-flop, counter such as up/down counter modulus N counter and Reset type counter, shift register, D/A and A/D converter and two supplements list of using components and TTL manual and CMOS manual.

  8. Electronic logic circuits

    CERN Document Server

    Gibson, J

    2013-01-01

    Most branches of organizing utilize digital electronic systems. This book introduces the design of such systems using basic logic elements as the components. The material is presented in a straightforward manner suitable for students of electronic engineering and computer science. The book is also of use to engineers in related disciplines who require a clear introduction to logic circuits. This third edition has been revised to encompass the most recent advances in technology as well as the latest trends in components and notation. It includes a wide coverage of application specific integrate

  9. Logic of the digital

    CERN Document Server

    Evens, Aden

    2015-01-01

    Building a foundational understanding of the digital, Logic of the Digital reveals a unique digital ontology. Beginning from formal and technical characteristics, especially the binary code at the core of all digital technologies, Aden Evens traces the pathways along which the digital domain of abstract logic encounters the material, human world. How does a code using only 0s and 1s give rise to the vast range of applications and information that constitutes a great and growing portion of our world? Evens' analysis shows how any encounter between the actual and the digital must cross an ontolo

  10. Programmable Array Logic Design

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Demon Handoyo; Djen Djen Djainal

    2007-01-01

    Good digital circuit design that part of a complex system, often becoming a separate problem. To produce finishing design according to wanted performance is often given on to considerations which each other confuse, hence thereby analyse optimization become important in this case. To realization is made design logic program, the first are determined global diagram block, then are decided contents of these block diagram, and then determined its interconnection in the form of logic expression, continued with election of component. These steps are done to be obtained the design with low price, easy in its interconnection, minimal volume, low power and certainty god work. (author)

  11. DISTRIBUSI SPASIAL LEPTOSPIROSIS DI KABUPATEN GRESIK, JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sunaryo Sunaryo

    2015-01-01

    persebaran leptospirosis secara spasial dengan  aplikasi  Sistem  Informasi  Geografis  di  Kabupaten  Gresik  Jawa  Timur,  dan secara khusus bertujuan untuk analisis spasial leptospirosis berdasarkan karakteristik epidemiologi dan faktor risiko lingkungan. Penelitian dilakukan pada bulan Maret sampai November 2012, menggunakan metode spasial dengan pendekatan potong lintang. Hasil menunjukkan kasus leptospirosis selama tahun 2009 sampai dengan 2011 mengalami fluktuasi, pada tahun 2012 leptospirosis mencapai 26 kasus dan 3 kasus hasil penjaringan. Kasus leptospirosis didominasi oleh kelompok laki-laki dewasa, pekerja petani ikan/nelayan. Di Kabupaten Gresik terdapat tiga kecamatan endemis dengan kasus terbanyak di Kecamatan Duduk Sampeyan, Bungah dan Gresik. Pola fluktuasi kasus meningkat pada bulan Januari sampai April sesuai pola curah hujan. Pemanfaatan lahan empang dan pertanian, curah hujan sedang, dataran rendah, vegetasi sedang, jenis tanah aluvial, keberadaan tikus merupakan varibel lingkungan yang mempengaruhi kejadian leptospirosis. Daerah rawan leptospirosis berada di area tengah wilayah Kabupaten Gresik. Disimpulkan bahwa Sistem Informasi Geografis dapat dimanfaatkan sebagai bagian dalam sistem surveilans leptospirosis dan sebaiknya dilakukan pemantauan spasial temporal dari waktu ke waktu.Kata kunci: Spasial, leptospirosis, Gresik

  12. DESTINATION BRANDING KABUPATEN CIAMIS OLEH DINAS PARIWISATA DAN KEBUDAYAAN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT (DESTINATION BRANDING CIAMIS REGENCY BY DEPARTMENT OF TOURISM AND CULTURE OF WEST JAVA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cindy Lidya

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAKSejak berpisahnya Kabupaten Ciamis dengan Kabupaten Pangandaran, membuat daerah Ciamiskehilangan objek-objek destinasi wisata unggulan. Hal ini membuat Kabupaten Ciamis krisis destinasi wisata yang banyak orang kenal. Untuk itu, pemerintah provinsi Jawa Barat yang bergerak di bidang pariwisata, Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat, melakukan destination brandingyang bertujuan untuk memperkenalkan tempat-tempat wisata yang dimiliki Kabupaten Ciamis saat ini. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menggambarkan kelima tahap destination branding yaitumarket investigation, analysis and strategic recommendations, brand identity development, brandlaunch and introduction, brand implementation dan monitoring, evaluation and review yang dilakukanoleh Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat dalam memperkenalkan destinasi wisatadi Kabupaten Ciamis. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode penelitian deskriptif jenis data kualitatifdengan paradigma positivisme. Tekhnik pengumpulan data yang digunakan adalah wawancaramendalam, observasi studi pustaka dan studi dokumentasi.Hasil penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa dalam memperkenalkan destinasi wisata di KabupatenCiamis, Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat melakukan market investigation,analysis and strategic recommendations dengan mengumpulkan data potensi pariwisata Ciamismelalui tiga sumber yaitu bank data Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat, bank dataDinas Pariwisata dan Ekonomi Kreatif Kabupaten Ciamis serta internet. Adapun brand identity yangdigunakan selama aktivitas branding ialah logo West Java. Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan ProvinsiJawa Barat menggunakan tiga cara dalam brand launch and introduction, yaitu dengan special event West Java Familiarization Tour Ciamis, artikel yang dibuat oleh jurnalis serta paket wisata. Pada tahap implementasi, Dinas Pariwisata dan Kebudayaan Provinsi Jawa Barat menjalin komunikasidengan Dinas Pariwisata

  13. Quantum logics with existence property

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schindler, C.

    1991-01-01

    A quantum logic (σ-orthocomplete orthomodular poset L with a convex, unital, and separating set Δ of states) is said to have the existence property if the expectation functionals on lin(Δ) associated with the bounded observables of L form a vector space. Classical quantum logics as well as the Hilbert space logics of traditional quantum mechanics have this property. The author shows that, if a quantum logic satisfies certain conditions in addition to having property E, then the number of its blocks (maximal classical subsystems) must either be one (classical logics) or uncountable (as in Hilbert space logics)

  14. GOAL Agents Instantiate Intention Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Hindriks, Koen; van der Hoek, Wiebe

    2008-01-01

    It is commonly believed there is a big gap between agent logics and computational agent frameworks. In this paper, we show that this gap is not as big as believed by showing that GOAL agents instantiate Intention Logic of Cohen and Levesque. That is, we show that GOAL agent programs can be formally related to Intention Logic.We do so by proving that the GOAL Verification Logic can be embedded into Intention Logic. It follows that (a fragment of) Intention Logic can be used t...

  15. Querying Natural Logic Knowledge Bases

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Andreasen, Troels; Bulskov, Henrik; Jensen, Per Anker

    2017-01-01

    This paper describes the principles of a system applying natural logic as a knowledge base language. Natural logics are regimented fragments of natural language employing high level inference rules. We advocate the use of natural logic for knowledge bases dealing with querying of classes...... in ontologies and class-relationships such as are common in life-science descriptions. The paper adopts a version of natural logic with recursive restrictive clauses such as relative clauses and adnominal prepositional phrases. It includes passive as well as active voice sentences. We outline a prototype...... for partial translation of natural language into natural logic, featuring further querying and conceptual path finding in natural logic knowledge bases....

  16. Some relationships between logic programming and multiple-valued logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Rine, D.C.

    1986-01-01

    There have been suggestions in the artificial intelligence literature that investigations into relationships between logic programming and multiple-valued logic may be helpful. This paper presents some of these relationships through equivalent algebraic evaluations

  17. The logic of XACML

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramli, Carroline Dewi Puspa Kencana; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Nielson, Flemming

    2014-01-01

    We study the international standard XACML 3.0 for describing security access control policies in a compositional way. Our main contributions are (i) to derive a logic that precisely captures the intentions of the standard, (ii) to formally define a semantics for the XACML 3.0 component evaluation...

  18. The Logic of XACML

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramli, Carroline Dewi Puspa Kencana; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Nielson, Flemming

    2011-01-01

    We study the international standard XACML 3.0 for describing security access control policy in a compositional way. Our main contribution is to derive a logic that precisely captures the idea behind the standard and to formally define the semantics of the policy combining algorithms of XACML...

  19. Categories and logical syntax

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Klev, Ansten Morch

    2014-01-01

    The notions of category and type are here studied through the lens of logical syntax: Aristotle's as well as Kant's categories through the traditional form of proposition `S is P', and modern doctrines of type through the Fregean form of proposition `F(a)', function applied to argument. Topics

  20. Structures for Epistemic Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bezhanishvili, N.; Hoek, W. van der

    2013-01-01

    Epistemic modal logic in a narrow sense studies and formalises reasoning about knowledge. In a wider sense, it gives a formal account of the informational attitude that agents may have, and covers notions like knowledge, belief, uncertainty, and hence incomplete or partial information. As is so

  1. Time and Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter

    2009-01-01

    's notion of branching time is analysed. It is argued that Prior can be criticized for identifying 'plain future'. Finally, Prior's four grades of tense-logical involvement are introduced and discussed. It is argued that the third grade is the most attractive form a philosophical point of view....

  2. Expressivist Perspective on Logicality

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Arazim, Pavel

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 11, č. 4 (2017), s. 409-419 ISSN 1661-8297 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-15645S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : logical constant * expressivism * topic-neutrality * proof- theory * conservativity Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology

  3. Fictional Separation Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jensen, Jonas Buhrkal; Birkedal, Lars

    2012-01-01

    , separation means physical separation. In this paper, we introduce \\emph{fictional separation logic}, which includes more general forms of fictional separating conjunctions P * Q, where "*" does not require physical separation, but may also be used in situations where the memory resources described by P and Q...

  4. Dedekind’s logicism

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Klev, Ansten

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 25, č. 3 (2017), s. 341-368 ISSN 0031-8019 Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : Philosophy of mathematics * logicism * Richard Dedekind Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology Impact factor: 0.419, year: 2016

  5. Modular Logic Metaprogramming

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klose, Karl; Ostermann, Klaus

    2010-01-01

    In logic metaprogramming, programs are not stored as plain textfiles but rather derived from a deductive database. While the benefits of this approach for metaprogramming are obvious, its incompatibility with separate checking limits its applicability to large-scale projects. We analyze the probl...

  6. LOGICAL SEMANTICS OF MODULARIZATION

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    DELAVALETTE, GRR

    1992-01-01

    An algebra of theories, signatures, renamings and the operations import and export is investigated. A normal form theorem for terms of this algebra is proved. Another algebraic approach and the relation with a fragment of second order logic are also considered.

  7. Duration Calculus: Logical Foundations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Michael Reichhardt; Chaochen, Zhou

    1997-01-01

    The Duration Calculus (abbreviated DC) represents a logical approach to formal design of real-time systems, where real numbers are used to model time and Boolean valued functions over time are used to model states and events of real-time systems. Since it introduction, DC has been applied to many...

  8. Logicism, intuitionism, and formalism

    CERN Document Server

    Symons, John

    2008-01-01

    Aims to review the programmes in the foundations of mathematics from the classical period and to assess their possible relevance for contemporary philosophy of mathematics. This work is suitable for researchers and graduate students of philosophy, logic, mathematics and theoretical computer science.

  9. Foundations of mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Curry, Haskell B

    2010-01-01

    Written by a pioneer of mathematical logic, this comprehensive graduate-level text explores the constructive theory of first-order predicate calculus. It covers formal methods, including algorithms and epitheory, and offers a brief treatment of Markov's approach to algorithms, explains elementary facts about lattices and similar algebraic systems, and more. 1963 edition.

  10. Logically Incorrect Arguments

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Svoboda, Vladimír; Peregrin, Jaroslav

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 30, č. 3 (2016), s. 263-287 ISSN 0920-427X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-21076S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : argumentation * logical form * incorrect argument * correct arguments Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion Impact factor: 0.689, year: 2016

  11. Short-circuit logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bergstra, J.A.; Ponse, A.

    2010-01-01

    Short-circuit evaluation denotes the semantics of propositional connectives in which the second argument is only evaluated if the first argument does not suffice to determine the value of the expression. In programming, short-circuit evaluation is widely used. A short-circuit logic is a variant of

  12. Parametric Linear Dynamic Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Peter Faymonville

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available We introduce Parametric Linear Dynamic Logic (PLDL, which extends Linear Dynamic Logic (LDL by temporal operators equipped with parameters that bound their scope. LDL was proposed as an extension of Linear Temporal Logic (LTL that is able to express all ω-regular specifications while still maintaining many of LTL's desirable properties like an intuitive syntax and a translation into non-deterministic Büchi automata of exponential size. But LDL lacks capabilities to express timing constraints. By adding parameterized operators to LDL, we obtain a logic that is able to express all ω-regular properties and that subsumes parameterized extensions of LTL like Parametric LTL and PROMPT-LTL. Our main technical contribution is a translation of PLDL formulas into non-deterministic Büchi word automata of exponential size via alternating automata. This yields a PSPACE model checking algorithm and a realizability algorithm with doubly-exponential running time. Furthermore, we give tight upper and lower bounds on optimal parameter values for both problems. These results show that PLDL model checking and realizability are not harder than LTL model checking and realizability.

  13. Temporal logic motion planning

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Seotsanyana, M

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, a critical review on temporal logic motion planning is presented. The review paper aims to address the following problems: (a) In a realistic situation, the motion planning problem is carried out in real-time, in a dynamic, uncertain...

  14. Logic Programming for Linguistics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christiansen, Henning

    2010-01-01

    This article gives a short introduction on how to get started with logic pro- gramming in Prolog that does not require any previous programming expe- rience. The presentation is aimed at students of linguistics, but it does not go deeper into linguistics than any student who has some ideas of what...

  15. Logic and Natural selection

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Peregrin, Jaroslav

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 4, č. 2 (2010), s. 207-223 ISSN 1661-8297 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GAP401/10/1279 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z9009908 Keywords : logic * natural selection * modus potens * inferentialism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion

  16. Quantum probabilistic logic programming

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balu, Radhakrishnan

    2015-05-01

    We describe a quantum mechanics based logic programming language that supports Horn clauses, random variables, and covariance matrices to express and solve problems in probabilistic logic. The Horn clauses of the language wrap random variables, including infinite valued, to express probability distributions and statistical correlations, a powerful feature to capture relationship between distributions that are not independent. The expressive power of the language is based on a mechanism to implement statistical ensembles and to solve the underlying SAT instances using quantum mechanical machinery. We exploit the fact that classical random variables have quantum decompositions to build the Horn clauses. We establish the semantics of the language in a rigorous fashion by considering an existing probabilistic logic language called PRISM with classical probability measures defined on the Herbrand base and extending it to the quantum context. In the classical case H-interpretations form the sample space and probability measures defined on them lead to consistent definition of probabilities for well formed formulae. In the quantum counterpart, we define probability amplitudes on Hinterpretations facilitating the model generations and verifications via quantum mechanical superpositions and entanglements. We cast the well formed formulae of the language as quantum mechanical observables thus providing an elegant interpretation for their probabilities. We discuss several examples to combine statistical ensembles and predicates of first order logic to reason with situations involving uncertainty.

  17. Temporalizing Epistemic Default Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Hoek, Wiebe; Meyer, John Jules; Treur, Jan

    1998-01-01

    We present an epistemic default logic, based on the metaphore of a meta-level architecture. Upward reflection is formalized by a nonmonotonic entailment relation, based on the objective facts that are either known or unknown at the object level. Then, the meta (monotonic) reasoning process generates

  18. Logic Programming with Requests

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    De Schreye, Danny; Etalle, Sandro; van Raamsdonk, Femke

    1999-01-01

    We propose an extension of logic programming where the user can specify, together with the initial query, the information he is interested in by means of a request. This allows one to extract a result from an incomplete computation, such as the prefix of an infinite derivation. The classical

  19. Logical Characterisation of Ontology Construction using Fuzzy Description Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Badie, Farshad; Götzsche, Hans

    had the extension of ontologies with Fuzzy Logic capabilities which plan to make proper backgrounds for ontology driven reasoning and argumentation on vague and imprecise domains. This presentation conceptualises learning from fuzzy classes using the Inductive Logic Programming framework. Then......, employs Description Logics in characterising and analysing fuzzy statements. And finally, provides a conceptual framework describing fuzzy concept learning in ontologies using the Inductive Logic Programming....

  20. Greek, Indian and Arabic logic

    CERN Document Server

    Gabbay, Dov M

    2004-01-01

    Greek, Indian and Arabic Logic marks the initial appearance of the multi-volume Handbook of the History of Logic. Additional volumes will be published when ready, rather than in strict chronological order. Soon to appear are The Rise of Modern Logic: From Leibniz to Frege. Also in preparation are Logic From Russell to Gödel, Logic and the Modalities in the Twentieth Century, and The Many-Valued and Non-Monotonic Turn in Logic. Further volumes will follow, including Mediaeval and Renaissance Logic and Logic: A History of its Central. In designing the Handbook of the History of Logic, the Editors have taken the view that the history of logic holds more than an antiquarian interest, and that a knowledge of logic's rich and sophisticated development is, in various respects, relevant to the research programmes of the present day. Ancient logic is no exception. The present volume attests to the distant origins of some of modern logic's most important features, such as can be found in the claim by the authors of t...

  1. Radiation tolerant combinational logic cell

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maki, Gary R. (Inventor); Gambles, Jody W. (Inventor); Whitaker, Sterling (Inventor)

    2009-01-01

    A system has a reduced sensitivity to Single Event Upset and/or Single Event Transient(s) compared to traditional logic devices. In a particular embodiment, the system includes an input, a logic block, a bias stage, a state machine, and an output. The logic block is coupled to the input. The logic block is for implementing a logic function, receiving a data set via the input, and generating a result f by applying the data set to the logic function. The bias stage is coupled to the logic block. The bias stage is for receiving the result from the logic block and presenting it to the state machine. The state machine is coupled to the bias stage. The state machine is for receiving, via the bias stage, the result generated by the logic block. The state machine is configured to retain a state value for the system. The state value is typically based on the result generated by the logic block. The output is coupled to the state machine. The output is for providing the value stored by the state machine. Some embodiments of the invention produce dual rail outputs Q and Q'. The logic block typically contains combinational logic and is similar, in size and transistor configuration, to a conventional CMOS combinational logic design. However, only a very small portion of the circuits of these embodiments, is sensitive to Single Event Upset and/or Single Event Transients.

  2. Quantum Logic and Quantum Reconstruction

    OpenAIRE

    Stairs, Allen

    2015-01-01

    Quantum logic understood as a reconstruction program had real successes and genuine limitations. This paper offers a synopsis of both and suggests a way of seeing quantum logic in a larger, still thriving context.

  3. First-Order Hybrid Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Braüner, Torben

    2011-01-01

    Hybrid logic is an extension of modal logic which allows us to refer explicitly to points of the model in the syntax of formulas. It is easy to justify interest in hybrid logic on applied grounds, with the usefulness of the additional expressive power. For example, when reasoning about time one...... often wants to build up a series of assertions about what happens at a particular instant, and standard modal formalisms do not allow this. What is less obvious is that the route hybrid logic takes to overcome this problem often actually improves the behaviour of the underlying modal formalism....... For example, it becomes far simpler to formulate proof-systems for hybrid logic, and completeness results can be proved of a generality that is simply not available in modal logic. That is, hybridization is a systematic way of remedying a number of known deficiencies of modal logic. First-order hybrid logic...

  4. Logical analysis of biological systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Mardare, Radu Iulian

    2005-01-01

    R. Mardare, Logical analysis of biological systems. Fundamenta Informaticae, N 64:271-285, 2005.......R. Mardare, Logical analysis of biological systems. Fundamenta Informaticae, N 64:271-285, 2005....

  5. Probabilistic logics and probabilistic networks

    CERN Document Server

    Haenni, Rolf; Wheeler, Gregory; Williamson, Jon; Andrews, Jill

    2014-01-01

    Probabilistic Logic and Probabilistic Networks presents a groundbreaking framework within which various approaches to probabilistic logic naturally fit. Additionally, the text shows how to develop computationally feasible methods to mesh with this framework.

  6. Conference Trends in Logic XI

    CERN Document Server

    Wansing, Heinrich; Willkommen, Caroline; Recent Trends in Philosophical Logic

    2014-01-01

    This volume presents recent advances in philosophical logic with chapters focusing on non-classical logics, including paraconsistent logics, substructural logics, modal logics of agency and other modal logics. The authors cover themes such as the knowability paradox, tableaux and sequent calculi, natural deduction, definite descriptions, identity, truth, dialetheism, and possible worlds semantics.   The developments presented here focus on challenging problems in the specification of fundamental philosophical notions, as well as presenting new techniques and tools, thereby contributing to the development of the field. Each chapter contains a bibliography, to assist the reader in making connections in the specific areas covered. Thus this work provides both a starting point for further investigations into philosophical logic and an update on advances, techniques and applications in a dynamic field.   The chapters originate from papers presented during the Trends in Logic XI conference at the Ruhr University ...

  7. Preferential reasoning for modal logics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Britz, K

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Modal logic is the foundation for a versatile and well-established class of knowledge representation formalisms in artificial intelligence. Enriching modal logics with non-monotonic reasoning capabilities such as preferential reasoning as developed...

  8. Lack of neural compensatory mechanisms of BDNF val66met met carriers and APOE E4 carriers in healthy aging, mild cognitive impairment, and Alzheimer's disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gomar, Jesus J; Conejero-Goldberg, Concepcion; Huey, Edward D; Davies, Peter; Goldberg, Terry E

    2016-03-01

    Compromises in compensatory neurobiologic mechanisms due to aging and/or genetic factors (i.e., APOE gene) may influence brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) val66met polymorphism effects on temporal lobe morphometry and memory performance. We studied 2 cohorts from Alzheimer's Disease Neuroimaging Initiative: 175 healthy subjects and 222 with prodromal and established Alzheimer's disease. Yearly structural magnetic resonance imaging and cognitive performance assessments were carried out over 3 years of follow-up. Both cohorts had similar BDNF Val/Val and Met allele carriers' (including both Val/Met and Met/Met individuals) distribution. In healthy subjects, a significant trend for thinner posterior cingulate and precuneus cortices was detected in Met carriers compared to Val homozygotes in APOE E4 carriers, with large and medium effect sizes, respectively. The mild cognitive impairment/Alzheimer's disease cohort showed a longitudinal decline in entorhinal thickness in BDNF Met carriers compared to Val/Val in APOE E4 carriers, with effect sizes ranging from medium to large. In addition, an effect of BDNF genotype was found in APOE E4 carriers for episodic memory (logical memory and ADAS-Cog) and semantic fluency measures, with Met carriers performing worse in all cases. These findings suggest a lack of compensatory mechanisms in BDNF Met carriers and APOE E4 carriers in healthy and pathological aging. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  9. From Logical to Distributional Models

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Anne Preller

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper relates two variants of semantic models for natural language, logical functional models and compositional distributional vector space models, by transferring the logic and reasoning from the logical to the distributional models. The geometrical operations of quantum logic are reformulated as algebraic operations on vectors. A map from functional models to vector space models makes it possible to compare the meaning of sentences word by word.

  10. ANALISIS KESENJANGAN PEMBANGUNAN EKONOMI ANTAR KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Panji Irawan Yogyadipratama

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah (1 mengetahui bagaimana perkembangan tingkat ketimpangan pembangunan ekonomi Provinsi Jawa Tengah menurut Indeks Williamson; (2 mengetahui sejauh mana pengaruh angkatan kerja terhadap tingkat pembangunan ekonomi Provinsi Jawa Tengah; dan (3 mengetahui bagaimana pengaruh alokasi dana bantuan pembangunan kabupaten/kota terhadap pembangunan ekonomi Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kuantitatif dengan digunakan data panel, data time series (tahun 2002-2011 dan cross section (35 kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Jenis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data sekunder yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS. Metode analisis yang digunakan adalah metode analisis regresi linier berganda data panel dengan metode FEM digunakan alat bantu software Eviews 7. Hasil penelitian adalah menunjukan(1 ketimpangan pembangunan ekonomi antar daerah di Provinsi Jawa Tengah yang dihitung dengan menggunakan indeks Williamson selama periode 2008-2011 menunjukkan ketimpangan semakin melebar; (2 alokasi dana bantuan pembangunan dari pemerintah pusat yang tidak merata dan daerah yang mendapat bantuan terlalu besar dapat meningkatkan tingkat ketimpangan antar daerah. Hal ini akibat pembangunan yang terkonsentrasi dengan daerah-daerah yang sudah maju dibandingkan daerah yang masih tertinggal, karena daerah yang maju memiliki fasilitas lebih baik dari daerah yang belum maju; dan (3 nilai R2 sebesar 0,9949 artinya variasi variabel ketimpangan pembangunan ekonomi di Provinsi Jawa Tengah dapat dijelaskan oleh variabel-variabel angkatan kerja dan alokasi dana pembangunan daerah sebesar 95,5% sedangkan sisanya sebesar 0,05% dijelaskan faktor-faktor lainnya di luar model. The purpose of this study were (1 to know how the development level of inequality of economic development in Central Java Province according to Williamson Index; (2 determine the extent of the influence of the labor force to the

  11. Studi Hubungan Budaya dengan Aglomerasi Ekonomi (North-South Corridor Di Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmad Kresna Sakti

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT   There are two things that commonly identify economic activitivities spacially such as concentration and imbalance.  East Java has two concentration poles of Java economic activities spacially. One of the concentration areas in East Java is in Surabaya, and that concentration activity is called North-South Corridor which is close to temple/ archeological site in East Java. Based on the fact, this research answers some questions like (1 Is there any interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension? (2 How does culture dimension interacts with economic dimension? The aims of the research are (a To know the interaction between culture dimension (the people and economic dimension partially and cumulatively, so there will be North-South Corridor in East Java; (b To know the flow of mechanism from the detail of culture dimension interacting with economic dimension. The research was done outside North-South Corridor  area in East Java. The result of the research shows (1 there is a relationship between culture and economic dimension. It can be showed from the difference of each economic subject both inside and outside North-South Corridor in facing Hofstede Culture; (2 the difference of culture is formed by the environment of area inside and outside North-South Corridor.   Keywords: North-South Corridor, culture, economic concentration   ABSTRAKS   Terdapat dua hal yang seringkali menjadi ciri menonjol dari kegiatan perekonomian secara spasial, yaitu adanya konsentrasi dan ketimpangan. Di Pulau Jawa Terdapat dua kutub konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Jawa secara spasial. Salah satunya wilayah konsentrasi kegiatan ekonomi di Surabaya Jawa Timur. Konsentrasi kegiatan tersebut dikenal dengan koridor utara – selatan. Menariknya koridor Utara-Selatan berhimpit dengan letak situs purbakala/candi di Jawa Timur.  Berpijak pada kesenjangan realita tersebut, penelitan ini berusaha menjawab pertanyaan berikut, (1 apakah

  12. Modal Logics for Cryptographic Processes

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frendrup, U.; Huttel, Hans; Jensen, N. J.

    2002-01-01

    We present three modal logics for the spi-calculus and show that they capture strong versions of the environment sensitive bisimulation introduced by Boreale et al. Our logics differ from conventional modal logics for process calculi in that they allow us to describe the knowledge of an attacker ...

  13. Combining Paraconsistent Logic with Argumentation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Grooters, Diana; Prakken, Hendrik

    2014-01-01

    One tradition in the logical study of argumentation is to allow for arguments that combine strict and defeasible inference rules, and to derive the strict inference rules from a logic at least as strong as classical logic. An unsolved problem in this tradition is how the trivialising effect of the

  14. Lectures on Logic and Computation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    The European Summer School in Logic, Language and Information (ESSLLI) is organized every year by the Association for Logic, Language and Information (FoLLI) in different sites around Europe. The main focus of ESSLLI is on the interface between linguistics, logic and computation. ESSLLI offers fo...

  15. Linear Logic on Petri Nets

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Uffe Henrik; Winskel, Glynn

    This article shows how individual Petri nets form models of Girard's intuitionistic linear logic. It explores questions of expressiveness and completeness of linear logic with respect to this interpretation. An aim is to use Petri nets to give an understanding of linear logic and give some apprai...

  16. Strong Completeness for Markovian Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kozen, Dexter; Mardare, Radu Iulian; Panangaden, Prakash

    2013-01-01

    In this paper we present Hilbert-style axiomatizations for three logics for reasoning about continuous-space Markov processes (MPs): (i) a logic for MPs defined for probability distributions on measurable state spaces, (ii) a logic for MPs defined for sub-probability distributions and (iii) a log...

  17. DETERMINAN KUALITAS PEMBANGUNAN MANUSIA DI KABUPATEN/KOTA PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agung Yudhi Pramono

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar pengaruh pengeluaran pemerintah daerah sektor pendidikan, pengeluaran pemerintah daerah sektor kesehatan, rasio ketergantungan penduduk dan pendapatan perkapita terhadap pembangunan manusia yang diukur dengan IPM. Populasi penelitian terdiri dari 35 Kabupaten/Kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah, menggunakan data sekunder dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah dan Biro Keuangan Sekretaris Daerah Provinsi Jawa Tengah dalam periode 2009 sampai 2013. Variabel penelitian ini indeks pembangunan manusia, pengeluran pemerintah daerah sektor pendidikan, pengeluaran pemerintah daerah sektor kesehatan, rasio ketergantungan penduduk, dan pendapatan perkapita. Dalam penelitian ini, digunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis regresi data panel model efek tetap (FEM dengan metode Generalized Least Square (GLS. Hasil penelitian ini dapat diketahui bahwa pengeluaran pemerintah daerah sektor pendidikan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM, pengeluaran pemerintah daerah sektor kesehatan berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM, rasio ketergantungan penduduk berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap IPM, sementara pendapatan perkapita tidak berpengaruh secara signifikan terhadap IPM. This research has purpose to analyze how much influence of the local government expenditure in educational sector, local government expenditure in health sector, dependency ratio, and per capita income of a human development measured by HDI. the population of this research consists of 35 regionals in Central Java and region bureau money secretary of Central Java province among 2009 and 2013 period. the variables used in this research are HDI, local government expenditure in educational sector, local government expenditure in health sector, dependency ratio, and per capita income. in this research, quantitative and regression analysis of Fixed Effect Model is used as well as

  18. Analisis Hubungan Kluster Industri dengan Penentuan Lokasi Pelabuhan: Studi Kasus Pantai Utara Pulau Jawa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maulana Prasetya Simbolon

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Proses distribusi barang merupakan suatu rangkaian proses yang terkait dalam upaya penguasaan areal pasar terluas melalui maksimisasi penjualan dan minimisasi biaya produksi (transportasi. Sebagian contoh nyata di beberapa wilayah, proses distribusi barang tidak didasarkan pada aspek minimisasi biaya transportasi/trucking (teori lokasi tradisional dimana pengiriman barang tidak melalui pelabuhan muat yang dekat dengan lokasi industri. Penelitian ini dimaksudkan untuk mengetahui keterkaitan hubungan antara industri dengan penentuan lokasi pelabuhan serta faktor yang mempengaruhinya. Metode yang digunakan adalah metode komparasi hasil perhitungan model deterministik (Linear Programming dan Gravitasi dengan Pembatas Tunggal dengan data yang ada, serta analisis korelasi (model uji kebebasan dan Crammer’s-Coefficient of Association dalam mengukur keeratan hubungan faktor-faktor yang berpengaruh dalam penentuan lokasi pelabuhan. Hasil perhitungan menunjukkan adanya hubungan/ korespondensi antara lokasi pelabuhan dengan lokasi industri dimana lokasi kluster industri terlebih dahulu ada dan diikuti lokasi pelabuhan. Faktor utama yang berpengaruh dalam penentuan lokasi pelabuhan adalah jumlah kunjungan kapal. Prosentase hasil komparasi (selisih hasil perhitungan model gravitasi dengan data yang ada untuk variabel jumlah kunjungan kapal (2,2%; daya tampung gudang/CY (2,3%; biaya transportasi/trucking (12,7%. Nilai koefisien korelasi variabel jumlah kunjungan kapal = 0,866 (keeratan hubungan: kuat/tinggi, daya tampung gudang/CY = 0,878 (kuat/tinggi, biaya transportasi (inland = 0,699 (sedang/cukup. Persebaran muatan (ekspor dari: Jawa Timur ke pelabuhan Tanjung Perak (97%, Tanjung Emas (1%, Tanjung Priok (2%; Jawa Tengah & D.I.Yogyakarta ke pelabuhan Tanjung Emas (72%, Tanjung Perak (15%, Tanjung Priok (13%; Jawa Barat ke pelabuhan Tanjung Priok (97,2%, Tanjung Emas (1,5%, Tanjung Perak (1,3%; DKI Jakarta & Banten ke pelabuhan Tanjung Priok (99

  19. Valuasi Ekonomi Hutan Mangrove di Pulau Untung Jawa Kepulauan Seribu : Studi Konservasi Berbasis Green Economy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dandy E Prasetiyo

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Promoting forest as one of green economy asset in Indonesia become an important agenda in the process of development. Forests have an important role as a source of foreign exchange and also as a form of natural resource wealth. The era of globalization with the accelerated economic growth increases the need for both, the fields of agriculture, infrastructure, land requirements and other sectors. Increased human needs are giving a positive correlation to the increased pressure on forests. Mangrove forests as one of the most productive ecosystems in the world are also experiencing the same threat. The expansion of settlements and ponds in coastal areas lead to degradation of mangrove forests is very high. The economic value of mangrove forests of diverse functions such as shoreline protection, habitat for aquatic organisms, carbon storage, and a variety of other functions has not been a lot of concern to the public and policy makers. This study aimed to quantify the economic value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island, Thousand Islands as an effort to support the government's program to realize the green economy in the forestry sector. Method of economic calculation mangrove forests in this research is to calculate the Total Economic Value / Total Economic Valuation (TEV, which consists of direct use values (Direct Use Value and indirect use values (Indirect Use Value. The results showed that the direct use value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island is Rp. 395,126,912 which includes the value of timber, fruit value, and the value of the fishery, while the indirect use value is Rp. 7,500,600,000 calculated from the value of coastal protection, the value of foraging, conservation value, educational value, and recreational value. The total economic value (total economic value of mangrove forests in Untung Jawa Island reached Rp. 7,895,726,912 Keywords : mangrove, green economy, total economic valuation

  20. Four logics of governance

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Friche, Nanna; Normann Andersen, Vibeke

    unintended consequences. Theoretically, we draw on different management and governance theories, e.g. performance management. Empirically, the study is based on surveys to teachers and students at all Danish vocational colleges and interviews with school leaders, teachers and students at six colleges (cases...... and well-being of students enrolled in the VETs must be strengthened. We focus on target 1, 2 and 4. The reform is being implemented in a field of VET that can be characterized by four logics of governance. Firstly, a governance logic characterized by institutional independence of vocational colleges......For the last fifteen years completion rates in Danish vocational education and training (VET) has stayed on a rather low level. In 2014, only half of the students enrolled in a vocational program on upper secondary level, graduated from the program (Flarup et al 2016). In Denmark, like in other...

  1. Modern Logical Frameworks Design

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Murawska, Agata Anna

    2017-01-01

    lack support for reasoning about, or programming with, the mechanised systems. Our main motivation is to eventually make it possible to model and reason about complex concurrent systems and protocols. No matter the application, be it the development of a logic for multiparty session types...... or a cryptographic protocol used in a voting system, we need the ability to model and reason about both the building blocks of these systems and the intricate connections between them. To this end, this dissertation is an investigation into LF-based formalisms that might help address the aforementioned issues. We...... design and provide the meta-theory of two new frameworks, HyLF and Lincx. The former aims to extend the expressiveness of LF to include proof irrelevance and some user-defined behaviours, using ideas from hybrid logics. The latter is a showcase for an easier to implement framework, while also allowing...

  2. Competing Logics and Healthcare

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saks, Mike

    2018-01-01

    This paper offers a short commentary on the editorial by Mannion and Exworthy. The paper highlights the positive insights offered by their analysis into the tensions between the competing institutional logics of standardization and customization in healthcare, in part manifested in the conflict between managers and professionals, and endorses the plea of the authors for further research in this field. However, the editorial is criticized for its lack of a strong societal reference point, the comparative absence of focus on hybridization, and its failure to highlight structural factors impinging on the opposing logics in a broader neo-institutional framework. With reference to the Procrustean metaphor, it is argued that greater stress should be placed on the healthcare user in future health policy. Finally, the case of complementary and alternative medicine is set out which – while not explicitly mentioned in the editorial – most effectively concretizes the tensions at the heart of this analysis of healthcare. PMID:29626406

  3. Conventions and Institutional Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Westenholz, Ann

    Two theoretical approaches – Conventions and Institutional Logics – are brought together and the similarities and differences between the two are explored. It is not the intention to combine the approaches, but I would like to open both ‘boxes’ and make them available to each other with the purpose...... of creating a space for dialog. Both approaches were developed in the mid-1980s as a reaction to rational-choice economic theory and collectivistic sociological theory. These two theories were oversimplifying social life as being founded either in actor-micro level analyses or in structure-macro level...... analyses. The theoretical quest of both Conventions and Institutional Logics has been to understand the increasing indeterminacy, uncertainty and ambiguity in people’s lives where a sense of reality, of value, of moral, of feelings is not fixed. Both approaches have created new theoretical insights...

  4. PERKEMBANGAN PERIKANAN CUMI–CUMI DI SENTRA PENDARATAN IKAN UTARA PULAU JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suherman Banon Atmaja

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Studi pendahuluan tentang perikanan cumi-cumi yang berasal dari kapal purse seine telah dilakukan di sentra pendaratan ikan utara Pulau Jawa.  Setelah deplesi stok ikan pelagis di Laut Jawa, pada perikanan purse seine semi industri peralihan spesies target dan diversifikasi usaha penangkapan merupakan strategi dan respon adaptif pengusaha (pemilik kapal dan nelayan terhadap perubahan dalam kelimpahan sumber daya, kondisi lingkungan dan hambatan peraturan. Berdasarkan atas data kapal keluar–masuk di PPS Nizam Zachman Jakarta dan data sistem pemantauan kapal (VMS, vessel monitoring system menunjukkan daerah penangkapan menyebar ke 5 wilayah pengelolaan perikanan, yaitu WPP 712 Laut Jawa, WPP 572 Samudera Hindia, WPP 711 Selat Karimata dan Laut Cina Selatan, WPP 714 Selat Makassar dan Laut Flores, WPP 718 Laut Aru dan Laut Arafuru.  Rata–rata hari operasi di Laut Jawa dan Selat Karimata berkisar 40-110 hari, sedangkan rata–rata hari operasi di Laut Aru dan Laut Arafuru berkisar 126-253 hari. Perubahan kapal purse seine menjadi kapal cumi-cumi menunjukkan sinyal yang nyata mengenai terjadinya penurunan biomassa ikan-ikan tertentu dan kenaikan kelimpahan ikan lainnya.   This paper presents a preliminary study of the squid fishery originally come from purse seiners in center of fish landing at Northern of Java Island.  After depletion of pelagic fish stocks in the Java Sea, shift target species and fishing effort diversification of semi-industrial purse seine fishery is a strategy and an adaptive response of enterpreneur (owner’s and fishermen to changes in the abundance of the resources, environmental conditions and regulatory barriers.  Based on data entry–exit vessel in landing sites of Nizam Zachman Jakarta and VMS data showed that the fishing ground spreaded to five fisheries management areas, i.e., FMA 712 Java Sea, FMA 572 Indian Ocean, FMA 711 Karimata Strait and South China Sea, FMA 714 Macassar Strait and Flores Sea, FMA 718

  5. KELIMPAHAN STOK SUMBER DAYA IKAN DEMERSAL DI PERAIRAN SUB AREA LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badrudin Badrudin

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Tulisan ini menyajikan data dan informasi tentang present status perikanan demersal di Laut Jawa, dan tingkat pemanfaatan sumber daya ikan di sub area Laut Jawa yang tidak merata. Data yang dianalisis merupakan sebagian hasil survei Balai Riset Perikanan Laut di Pelabuhan Perikanan Pantai Tegal pada tahun 2010 dan pada periode tahun sebelumnya. Eksploitasi sumber daya ikan demersal di perairan Laut Jawa sudah berlangsung sejak lama dan mencapai puncaknya pada sekitar tahun 1970-an di mana trawl dioperasikan secara intensif terutama di sepanjang pantai utara Jawa. Tingginya tekanan penangkapan di perairan pantai sampai kedalaman 40-an m telah menyebabkan menurunnya kelimpahan sumber daya, sebagaimana tampak pada hasil tangkapan cantrang kecil dan jaring arad yang dioperasikan secara harian. Kelimpahan dan ukuran individu ikan demersal di kawasan yang lebih dalam tampak cukup besar sebagaimana tercermin dari hasil tangkapan cantrang besar yang dioperasikan lebih lama. Dari fenomena tersebut dapat diduga bahwa sumber daya ikan demersal di perairan pantai sudah mengalami tangkap lebih (overfishing yang mengarah kepada penurunan stok atau bahkan depleted. Kegiatan penangkapan ikan di perairan yang lebih dalam di mana tekanan penangkapan relatif lebih rendah tampak memberikan keuntungan.   Based on data analysis and information collected, this paper describes the present status of demersal fisheries in the Java Sea and the uneven level of exploitation of the fish resources in the Java Sea sub areas. Data analyzed provide part of research results carried out by the Research Institute for Marine Fisheries. Data were obtained from a number of surveis carried out in Tegal landing place in 2010 and from the previous years. Demersal resources in the Java Sea have been exploited for years, where high fishing intensity occurred in the north coast of Java. High fishing pressure in the coastal waters lead to the decreasing fish resources abundance, as

  6. Preparation of Radwaste Disposal Site in Jawa Island and Its Surrounding Areas

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Budi Setiawan; Teddy Sumantry; Heru Sriwahyuni; Hendra A Pratama; Nurul Efri E; Achmad Sjarmufni; Pratomo Budiman; Dadang Suganda; Soegeng Waluyo; Ari Pudyo; Dewi Susilowati; Marwoto

    2008-01-01

    The task continuation and national needs indicate the important of starting for radioactive waste disposal preparation. As the IAEA procedures for the first step are to accomplished the conceptual and planning stage of radwaste disposal siting in Jawa island. Within the plan, the Milestone, the site important factors, the potential host rock, the possible areas, the aims and the investigation programs have been defined. From the procedures which are followed hopefully in the end of the activities, suitable site(s) to be able selected for radioactive waste disposal facility in near future. (author)

  7. FAKTOR - FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHI PDRB KABUPATEN / KOTA JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2008-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yozi Aulia Rahman

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Pertumbuhan ekonomi yang tinggi merupakan kondisi utama bagi kelangsungan pembangunan ekonomi daerah. Untuk mengukur kemajuan perekonomian daerah dengan mengamati seberapa besar laju pertumbuhan ekonomi yang dicapai daerah tersebut yang tercermin dari kenaikan Produk Domestik Regional Bruto (PDRB. PDRBKabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008- 2012 mengalami pertumbuhan karena banyak yang mempengaruhinya, seperti: Tabungan, Kredit, PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar faktor-faktor tersebut mempengaruhi tingkat PDRB kabupaten/Kota di Jawa Tengah selama tahun 2008-2012. Variabel dependen yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah PDRB, sedangkan variabel-variabel independen yaitu Tabungan, Kredit, Pendapatan Asli Daerah (PAD dan Belanja Daerah. Penelitian ini menggunakan analisis regresi linear berganda melalui metode OLS dengan menggunakan data    time series 2008  –2012 dan data crosssection 35 kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah atau yang dimaksud dengan data panel. Pengujian model dalam penelitian ini menggunakan metode FixedEffect. Hasil estimasi menunjukkan bahwa hasil analisis regresi pada α=5%menunjukkan bahwa secara parsial  variabel tabungan   dan kredit berpengaruh signifikan, sedangkan variabel PAD, dan Belanja Daerah tidak signifikan terhadap PDRB kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 2008–2012. High economic growth is the main condition for the continuation of regional economic development. To measure the progress of the regional economy, observation on the economyc growth rate in each area can be conducted. It is reflected in the increase of Gross Regional Domestic Product (GDP. The increase of GDP of regency/city in Central Java during the year of 2008- 2012 was influenced by several factors such as savings, credit, local generated revenue (PAD, and Expenditure. This study intends to analyze the affect of these factors to the level of GDP on districts

  8. KEEFEKTIFAN BUDAYA LITERASI DI SD N 3 BANJAR JAWA UNTUK MENINGKATKAN MINAT BACA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I Putu Mas Dewantara

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana keefektifan budaya literasi di SD N 3 Banjar Jawa untuk meningkatkan minat baca siswa. Metode atau teknik pengumpulan data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini meliputi: wawancara, observasi, angket, dan kuisioner. Teknik analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah model Miles dan Huberman, yaitu: reduksi, sajian data, dan penarikan simpulan. Dari hasil penelitian terjadi peningkatan minat baca siswa sebesar 27%. Program budaya literasi ini dikemas dengan kegiatan 15 menit membaca sebelum jam pelajaran, melaksanakan sabtu literasi, menata perpustakaan, dan menciptakan lingkungan yang kaya teks.

  9. Gampong Jawa Landfill of Banda Aceh: a Case Study of Dumpsite Rehabilitation to a Sustainable Landfill

    OpenAIRE

    Mirzayanto; Yulian Gressando

    2013-01-01

    Gampong Jawa dumpsite was established in 1994 as part of Banda Aceh Municipality (BAM) efforts to participate in Adipura Award for the category of clean and green city. The 12 ha area was a dumpsite for most of wastes from BAM and Aceh Besar District. When earthquake/tsunami hit Banda Aceh in December 2004, it was completely destroyed and all the wastes were swept away. This paper is aimed to present the lessons of how a dumpsite is rehabilitated to a landfill. Some issues and ...

  10. PENGARUH SISTEM INFORMASI AKUNTANSI PENGGAJIAN TERHADAP EFEKTIVITAS STRUKTUR PENGENDALIAN INTERN PADA DINAS PERKEBUNAN PROVINSI JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rofily Putriyandari

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Abstract - Plantation Office in West Java is the OPD environment of the Regional Government of West Java Province. The type of oil exploitation in West Java developed include the People's Plantations and Estates consisting of Private Estates and Country Estates.This study discusses the effect payroll and accounting information system of internal control Achievement Against the Plantation Office of West Java Province. With the aim to determine the extent to which accounting information system salaries for employees' performance. Metedologi study is a quantitative descriptive. Independent variable (X of the study is Payroll Accounting Information Systems, while the variable (Y is the internal control. The sample in this study were 35 people on a formula that raised by SolVin. Then the method of data collection using the method which is based on primary and secondary data. Obtained from the calculation of the test statistic used tcount = 5.2847 = 5% (0.05, N-2 = degrees of freedom (df 35-2 = 33, then earned a tTable = 2.0345. Means that Ha is received and Ho is rejected, meaning that the influence of payroll and accounting information system of internal control.  Keyword: Payroll And Accounting Information System Of Internal Control   Abstrak - Dinas Perkebunan Propinsi Jawa Barat merupakan OPD dilingkungan Pemerintah Daerah Provinsi Jawa Barat. Adapun jenis pengusahaan perkebunan yang dikembangkan di Jawa Barat meliputi Perkebunan Rakyat  dan Perkebunan Besar yang terdiri atas Perkebunan Besar Swasta dan Perkebunan Besar Negara .Penelitian ini membahas tentang Pengaruh Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Terhadap Pengendalian Intern di Dinas Perkebunan Provinsi Jawa Barat. Dengan tujuan untuk mengetahui sejauh mana system informasi akuntansi penggajian terhadap pengendalian intern. Metedologi  penelitian yang digunakan adalah deskriptif kuantitatif. Variabel bebas (X dari penelitian ini adalah Sistem Informasi Akuntansi Penggajian sedangkan variabel (Y

  11. La metáfora

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agustin, Oscar Garcia

    2007-01-01

    2002 y principios de 2003, anteriores a la proclamación de las Juntas de Buen Gobierno. Nuestro objetivo es comprobar cómo las metáforas crean nuevas significaciones, que intentan deshacer una lógica comúnmente asumida, y promover otros modos de comprender la acción y la realidad político-social. Este...

  12. Formalizing Informal Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Douglas Walton

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a formalization of informal logic using the Carneades Argumentation System (CAS, a formal, computational model of argument that consists of a formal model of argument graphs and audiences. Conflicts between pro and con arguments are resolved using proof standards, such as preponderance of the evidence. CAS also formalizes argumentation schemes. Schemes can be used to check whether a given argument instantiates the types of argument deemed normatively appropriate for the type of dialogue.

  13. Probabilistic Logical Characterization

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hermanns, Holger; Parma, Augusto; Segala, Roberto

    2011-01-01

    Probabilistic automata exhibit both probabilistic and non-deterministic choice. They are therefore a powerful semantic foundation for modeling concurrent systems with random phenomena arising in many applications ranging from artificial intelligence, security, systems biology to performance...... modeling. Several variations of bisimulation and simulation relations have proved to be useful as means to abstract and compare different automata. This paper develops a taxonomy of logical characterizations of these relations on image-finite and image-infinite probabilistic automata....

  14. Bisimulations, games, and logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Mogens; Clausen, Christian

    1994-01-01

    In a recent paper by Joyal, Nielsen, and Winskel, bisimulation is defined in an abstract and uniform way across a wide range of different models for concurrency. In this paper, following a recent trend in theoretical computer science, we characterize their abstract definition game-theoretically a......-theoretically and logically in a non-interleaving model. Our characterizations appear as surprisingly simple extensions of corresponding characterizations of interleaving bisimulation....

  15. Stereotypical Reasoning: Logical Properties

    OpenAIRE

    Lehmann, Daniel

    2002-01-01

    Stereotypical reasoning assumes that the situation at hand is one of a kind and that it enjoys the properties generally associated with that kind of situation. It is one of the most basic forms of nonmonotonic reasoning. A formal model for stereotypical reasoning is proposed and the logical properties of this form of reasoning are studied. Stereotypical reasoning is shown to be cumulative under weak assumptions.

  16. RSFQ logic arithmetic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Mukhanov, O.A.; Rylov, S.V.; Semenov, V.K.; Vyshenskii, S.V.

    1989-01-01

    Several ways of local timing of the Josephson-junction RSFQ (Rapid Single Flux Quantum) logic elements are proposed, and their peculiarities are discussed. Several examples of serial and parallel pipelined arithmetic blocks using various types of timing are suggested and their possible performance is discussed. Serial devices enable one to perform n-bit functions relatively slowly but using integrated circuits of a moderate integration scale, while parallel pipelined devices are more hardware-wasteful but promise extremely high productivity

  17. Logic Programming in LISP.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-01-01

    Rapport, Groupe Intelligence Pasero, R., Artificielle , Universite d’Aix-Marseille, Roussel, P. Luminy, France, 1973. [Kowalski 1974] Kowalski, R. A...THIS PAGZ(Whan Doee Es tMord) Item 20 (Cont’d) ------ work in the area of artificial intelligence and those used in general program development into a...logic programming with LISP for implementing intelligent data base query systems. Continued developments will allow for enhancements to be made to the

  18. Magnetoresistive logic and biochip

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Brueckl, Hubert; Brzeska, Monika; Brinkmann, Dirk; Schotter, J.Joerg; Reiss, Guenter; Schepper, Willi; Kamp, P.-B.; Becker, Anke

    2004-01-01

    While some magnetoresistive devices based on giant magnetoresistance or spin-dependent tunneling are already commercialized, a new branch of development is evolving towards magnetoresistive logic with magnetic tunnel junctions. Furthermore, the new magnetoelectronic effects show promising properties in magnetoresistive biochips, which are capable of detecting even single molecules (e.g. DNA) by functionalized magnetic markers. The unclear limits of this approach are discussed with two model systems

  19. A Paraconsistent Higher Order Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen

    2004-01-01

    of paraconsistent logics in knowledge-based systems, logical semantics of natural language, etc. Higher order logics have the advantages of being expressive and with several automated theorem provers available. Also the type system can be helpful. We present a concise description of a paraconsistent higher order...... of the logic is examined by a case study in the domain of medicine. Thus we try to build a bridge between the HOL and MVL communities. A sequent calculus is proposed based on recent work by Muskens. Many non-classical logics are, at the propositional level, funny toys which work quite good, but when one wants...

  20. GAMBARAN UMUM SEKTOR UNGGULAN DAN KONTRIBUSI SEKTOR PERTANIAN DI PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR (OLAH DATA TABEL INPUT-OUTPUT PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR TAHUN 2010

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azizatun Nurhayati

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Pembangunan daerah dilakukan dengan memaksimalkan potensi sumber daya yang ada di suatu daerah. Karena sebagian besar penduduk Indonesia adalah petani, maka penting untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap perekonomian suatu daerah. Makalah ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kontribusi sektor pertanian terhadap multiplier output, pengganda pendapatan, dan pengganda tenaga kerja. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah Analisis Input Output yang diperoleh dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Timur Tahun 2010. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa komoditas tebu berada pada kuadran II, Dari keseluruhan data di atas maka dapat disimpulkan bahwa (1 Komoditas tebu dapat mendorong berkembangnya industri gula di Jawa Timur, (2 di sektor peternakan, subsektor yang dapat dikembangkan adalah pakan ternak, pemotongan hewan, sapi, kambing dan domba, serta ayam (3 di sektor pengolahan subsektor pengolahan es krim, beras, dan penggilingan padi serta rokok. ABSTRACTLocal development is held by maximizing potential resources in a particular region. In addition, most of Indonesian people are farmers so it’s important to identify the agriculural contribution in local economic. The aim of this study are to study the contribution of agriculture  in ouput multiplier, income multiplier, and employment multiplier. The method which was used in this research was input-output analysis based on Badan Pusat Statistik East Java Province’s data in 2010. From the analysis, we can conclude that the sugarcane was formed in the second quadrant, in which (1sugarcane comodity promoted the sugar industry in East Java Province (2 in livestock subsector, the woof of livestock industry, animals truncation, sheeps, goats, and chicken husbandry (poultry were potentially to be developed (3 in processing subsector which was based on agriculture product, ice cream and processing, rice milling and cigarette were potentially to be developed. 

  1. DINAMIKA KEMISKINAN DI JAWA-MADURA MENURUT KABUPATEN/KOTA TAHUN 2002-2007

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ade Ermasari

    2016-10-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk memperoleh gambaran pada variasi dan pengembangan kemiskinan (angka kemiskinan di Jawa-Madura berbasis pada kabupaten / kota tahun 2002 hingga 2007, dan untuk mengetahui faktor-faktor yang dapat menjelaskan perubahan kemiskinan. Penelitian ini makro, dengan skala analisis adalah pulau Jawa-Madura secara keseluruhan.  Metode penelitian yang digunakan adalah analisis data sekunder. Sumber data utama diambil dari Data Dan Informasi Kemiskinan, Tahun 2002 2005/2006, dan 2007  Buku 2: Kabupaten / Kota diterbitkan oleh BPS. Analisis data dalam penelitian ini adalah berbagai seperti tabulasi silang, Chi Square, grafik, peta, dan analisis regresi linier ganda disediakan oleh analisis kuadran. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sebagian besar kabupaten / kota di Jawa-Madura dari tahun 2002 hingga 2007 tingkat kemiskinan berfluktuasi terutama di pusat dan timur Jawa. Selain itu, ada perbedaan nyata antara tingkat kemiskinan di kabupaten dan kotamadya. Kabupaten cenderung dominan dalam kemiskinan kelas menengah dan kotamadya yang dominan dalam kemiskinan kelas rendah. Walaupun PDRB per kapita secara signifikan faktor berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kemiskinan di Jawa-Madura khususnya di kabupaten tahun 2002-2007, mempengaruhi relatif tidak signifikan (R2 selalu di bawah 20 persen. Faktor yang paling berpengaruh adalah persentase orang yang bekerja di sektor informal dengan nilai R2 yang selalu di atas 40 persen pada tahun 2002-2007. Untuk alasan bahwa tingkat pengangguran masalah di Jawa-Madura cukup tinggi, faktor tenaga kerja lebih berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kemiskinan di Jawa-Madura pada tahun 2002-2007 (R2 selalu di atas 35 persen dibandingkan faktor-faktor sosio-ekonomi lainnya , terutama di kabupaten. Sementara itu di kota, faktor ekonomi secara signifikan berpengaruh terhadap tingkat kemiskinan pada tahun 2007 saja dan memiliki pengaruh yang paling dalam periode 2005 sampai dengan 2007 (nilai R2 adalah

  2. BIOLOGI REPRODUKSI DAN DUGAAN PEMIJAHAN IKAN KEMBUNG (Rastrelliger brachysoma DI PANTAI UTARA JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suwarso Suwarso

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Sumberdaya ikan kembung (Rastrelliger brachysoma merupakan ikan ekonomis penting, umumnya hidup di perairan pantai (zona neritic dan menjadi komoditi utama bagi perikanan rakyat di perairan utara Jawa. Jenis ini ditangkap secara intensif menggunakan pukat cincin mini dan populasinya akhir-akhir ini semakin menurun. Kondisi tersebut sangat rawan apalagi stok yang dieksploitasi berasal dari unit stok sama. Penelitian ikan kembung dilakukan berdasarkan pengambilan contoh biologi di beberapa tempat pendaratan ikan (Jakarta, Indramayu, Blanakan dan Tegal untuk memperoleh karakter biologi reproduksi dan dugaan pemijahan ikan kembung di pantai utara Jawa. Penelitian dilaksanakan pada bulan Maret sampai dengan November 2010. Rata-rata ukuran ikan yang tertangkap di Teluk Jakarta lebih besar dibanding perairan Blanakan dan Indramayu. Ikan betina yang tertangkap umumnya belum matang gonad. Ikan dengan kondisi matang gonad (TKG IV sekitar 7% dari keseluruhan contoh betina. Ikan dalam kondisi matang dengan ukuran gonadmaksimumdan telur transparent/ translucent sekitar 2% dan kondisi mijah (spent sebanyak 5%. Ikan betina mencapai kematangan pertama (length-at-first-maturity, Lm pada ukuran 16,4 cmFL. Ikan betina matang (fullymature female ditandai dengan berat gonad 24 gram dengan jumlah telur (batch fecundity sekitar 5.930 butir. Berdasarkan fluktuasi GSI musim pemijahan diduga berlangsung mulai bulan Oktober, khususnya perairan di Teluk Jakarta.

  3. KONSUMSI ENERGI, JUMLAH PENDUDUK TERHADAP PDRB PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 1985-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zulia Agustiana

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk menganalisis pengaruh dan hubungan sebab-akibat pemakaian energi, hubungan againts penduduk terhadap PDB Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Data yang digunakan pada waktu seri, dari 1985 hingga 2012. Mereka berasal dari Kepala Badan Pusat Statistik (BPS. Metode yang digunakan adalah OLS dan analisis kausal. Temuan-temuan dari studi ini adalah bahwa ada hubungan langsung antara PDB hubungan againts penduduk, PDB untuk konsumsi energi dan konsumsi energi, energi konsumsi towward PDB. Kesimpulan dari penelitian adalah konsumsi energi dan jumlah penduduk berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap PDRB, konsumsi energi menyebabkan PDRB. Pemerintah maupun swasta sebaiknya meningkatkan usaha untuk mengembangkan energi terbarukan untuk dapat mengurangi ketergantungan terhadap energi terutama untuk energi yang bersifat unrenewable resourch. The aims of this study are to analyse influence and causal relationship of energy consumption, relations againts population toward GDP Provinsi Jawa Tengah. The data used was time series, from 1985 up to 2012. They were from Central Bureu of Statistics (BPS. The metode used is OLS and causal analysis. The findings of this study is that there is a direct relationship between GDP to relation againts population, GDP to energy consumption and energy consumption, energy consumption towward GDP. The conclusion of the research is the consumption of energy and positive and influential population significantly to GDP, energy consumption caused the GDP. Government or private sector should increase efforts to develop renewable energy to reduce reliance against energy especially for energy are unrenewable resourch.

  4. Computability, complexity, logic

    CERN Document Server

    Börger, Egon

    1989-01-01

    The theme of this book is formed by a pair of concepts: the concept of formal language as carrier of the precise expression of meaning, facts and problems, and the concept of algorithm or calculus, i.e. a formally operating procedure for the solution of precisely described questions and problems. The book is a unified introduction to the modern theory of these concepts, to the way in which they developed first in mathematical logic and computability theory and later in automata theory, and to the theory of formal languages and complexity theory. Apart from considering the fundamental themes an

  5. Intuitionistic fuzzy logics

    CERN Document Server

    T Atanassov, Krassimir

    2017-01-01

    The book offers a comprehensive survey of intuitionistic fuzzy logics. By reporting on both the author’s research and others’ findings, it provides readers with a complete overview of the field and highlights key issues and open problems, thus suggesting new research directions. Starting with an introduction to the basic elements of intuitionistic fuzzy propositional calculus, it then provides a guide to the use of intuitionistic fuzzy operators and quantifiers, and lastly presents state-of-the-art applications of intuitionistic fuzzy sets. The book is a valuable reference resource for graduate students and researchers alike.

  6. Legume Logic & Green Manuring

    OpenAIRE

    Basavanagowda Nagabhushana, Nandeesh

    2014-01-01

    Brown plant hopper showed me the way into organic farming. In 2001, I started my practice with logic of legumes just to cut down the 45 percent expenses of my paddy on fertilizers, pesticides and herbicides. Later as I realized each and every plant carries it’s own nutrients, medicinal values and characters. Plants like millets, oil seeds, spices, di-cots, monocots and weeds all being used as a green manure. For all my agriculture problems and crop demands, I look for the answers only thro...

  7. A Concurrent Logical Relation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Birkedal, Lars; Sieczkowski, Filip; Thamsborg, Jacob Junker

    2012-01-01

    We present a logical relation for showing the correctness of program transformations based on a new type-and-effect system for a concurrent extension of an ML-like language with higher-order functions, higher-order store and dynamic memory allocation. We show how to use our model to verify a number....... To the best of our knowledge, this is the first such result for a concurrent higher-order language with higher-order store and dynamic memory allocation....

  8. Description logic rules

    CERN Document Server

    Krötzsch, M

    2010-01-01

    Ontological modelling today is applied in many areas of science and technology,including the Semantic Web. The W3C standard OWL defines one of the most important ontology languages based on the semantics of description logics. An alternative is to use rule languages in knowledge modelling, as proposed in the W3C's RIF standard. So far, it has often been unclear how to combine both technologies without sacrificing essential computational properties. This book explains this problem and presents new solutions that have recently been proposed. Extensive introductory chapters provide the necessary

  9. Logical empiricists on race.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bright, Liam Kofi

    2017-10-01

    The logical empiricists expressed a consistent attitude to racial categorisation in both the ethical and scientific spheres. Their attitude may be captured in the following slogan: human racial taxonomy is an empirically meaningful mode of classifying persons that we should refrain from deploying. I offer an interpretation of their position that would render coherent their remarks on race with positions they adopted on the scientific status of taxonomy in general, together with their potential moral or political motivations for adopting that position. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. Flexible programmable logic module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robertson, Perry J.; Hutchinson, Robert L.; Pierson, Lyndon G.

    2001-01-01

    The circuit module of this invention is a VME board containing a plurality of programmable logic devices (PLDs), a controlled impedance clock tree, and interconnecting buses. The PLDs are arranged to permit systolic processing of a problem by offering wide data buses and a plurality of processing nodes. The board contains a clock reference and clock distribution tree that can drive each of the PLDs with two critically timed clock references. External clock references can be used to drive additional circuit modules all operating from the same synchronous clock reference.

  11. Pola Perubahan Transmisi Infeksi HIV di Jawa Barat Periode Tahun 2002–2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridiani Prawitri

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV adalah retrovirus yang termasuk golongan virus RNA yang menginfeksi sel sistem kekebalan tubuh manusia. Infeksi HIV masih menjadi masalah kesehatan masyarakat di dunia dan dilaporkan terjadi pola perubahan transmisi infeksi HIV dari tahun ke tahun di negara tertentu. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mendeskripsikan dan menganalisis pola perubahan transmisi infeksi HIV di Jawa Barat pada periode tahun 2002 sampai 2012. Penelitian ini dilakukan secara observasional deskriptif dengan pendekatan retrospektif melalui data tersier berupa laporan pengidap infeksi HIV dan kasus AIDS yang diterima oleh Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Barat dari Dinas Kesehatan Kabupaten/Kota dan Rumah Sakit di Jawa Barat pada tahun 2002 sampai dengan 2012. Penelitian dilakukan selama Desember 2013–Juli 2014. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pola perubahan transmisi yang terjadi di Jawa Barat pada tahun 2002 sampai dengan tahun 2012. Jumlah kasus infeksi HIV melalui transmisi homoseksual yaitu 286 kasus, transmisi heteroseksual 1.519 kasus, jarum suntik 1.408 kasus, transmisi ibu ke anak 140 kasus, dan transfusi darah sebanyak 7 kasus. Terjadi perubahan pada tahun 2011 sampai dengan tahun 2012 yaitu peningkatan transmisi heteroseksual menggantikan posisi transmisi pengguna jarum suntik. Keadaan sempat menurunnya transmisi kasus infeksi HIV melalui jarum suntik di Jawa Barat karena penanggulangan pemerintah yang melakukan terapi rumatan metadon. Peningkatan transmisi heteroseksual yang terjadi dapat dipengaruhi oleh faktor norma budaya, maraknya industri prostitusi, status ekonomi, dan pergaulan remaja muda hedonis yang terjadi di lingkungan masyarakat. Kata kunci: Infeksi HIV, pola perubahan, transmisi   Changes of Human Immunodeficiency Virus in West Java Indonesia in Year 2002–2012 Abstract Human immunodeficiency virus is a class of retrovirus which has RNA carrying its molecular genetic that infects the human immune system cells

  12. Sebaran Populasi dan Potensi Tanaman Ganitri ( Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb di Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Asep Rohandi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Ganitri (Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb merupakan jenis tanaman multiguna yang cukup potensial untuk dikembangkan. Jenis ini sudah mulai dikenal dan dibudidayakan oleh masyarakat khususnya diwilayah Jawa Tengah. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengidentifikasi sebaran populasi dan mengetahui potensi tanaman ganitri meliputi informasi geografi dan kondisi ekologisnya. Metode yang dilakukan meliputi : (1 studi literatur dan komunikasi langsung dengan pihak terkait dan masyarakat, (2 survei lapangan untuk pengumpulan data penampilan dan produktifitas tegakan ganitri meliputi : lokasi, luas, tahun tanam, kerapatan tegakan, tinggi, diameter, bentuk batang, sistem penanaman, (3 pengumpulan data primer dan sekunder kondisi tempat tumbuh tanaman ganitri meliputi : letak geografis, ketinggian, curah hujan dan jenis tanah. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa tanaman ganitri di wilayah Jawa Tengah tersebar di hutan tanaman pada ketinggian 0-1.300 m dpl pada jenis tanah regosol, andosol, podsolik coklat, atosol dengan curah hujan 3.500-4.500 mm/tahun. Sebaran hutan tanaman ganitri tidak ditemukan di semua kabupaten, tetapi hanya terdapat di beberapa wilayah/kabupaten yang secara umum ditanam dengan beberapa tujuan yaitu terutama untuk dimanfaatkan bijinya sebagai hasil hutan bukan kayu (HHBK, selain untuk kayu pertukangan serta fungsi lindung. Sebaran hutan tanaman ganitri di Jawa Tengah ditemukan di Kabupaten Cilacap, Kebumen, Kendal, Brebes, Purworejo, Banjarnegara, Wonosobo, Banyumas, Temanggung, Semarang dan Karanganyar. Secara umum, ganitri memiliki kisaran wilayah yang cukup luas mulai dari dataran tinggi sampai dataran rendah, khususnya berada diwilayah Jawa Tengah bagian tengah dan selatan. Pengembangan tanaman ganitri untuk produksi biji dapat ditemukan di Kabupaten Cilacap,Kebumen,Purworejo, dan Banjarnegara. Katakunci: Elaeocarpus ganitrus Roxb, hutan rakyat, Jawa Tengah, sebaran populasi, potensi   Distribution and the potential growth of ganitri

  13. Classical Mathematical Logic The Semantic Foundations of Logic

    CERN Document Server

    Epstein, Richard L

    2011-01-01

    In Classical Mathematical Logic, Richard L. Epstein relates the systems of mathematical logic to their original motivations to formalize reasoning in mathematics. The book also shows how mathematical logic can be used to formalize particular systems of mathematics. It sets out the formalization not only of arithmetic, but also of group theory, field theory, and linear orderings. These lead to the formalization of the real numbers and Euclidean plane geometry. The scope and limitations of modern logic are made clear in these formalizations. The book provides detailed explanations of all proo

  14. Metric Propositional Neighborhood Logics: Expressiveness, Decidability, and Undecidability

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bresolin, Davide; Della Monica, Dario; Goranko, Valentin

    2010-01-01

    Metric Propositional Neighborhood Logic (MPNL) over natural numbers. MPNL features two modalities referring, respectively, to an interval that is “met by” the current one and to an interval that “meets” the current one, plus an infinite set of length constraints, regarded as atomic propositions...... that MPNL is decidable in double exponential time and expressively complete with respect to a well-defined subfragment of the two-variable fragment FO2[N, =,...

  15. Superconducting digital logic amplifier

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Przybysz, J.X.

    1989-01-01

    This paper describes a superconducting digital logic amplifier for interfacing between a Josephson junction logic circuit having output current and a higher voltage semiconductor circuit input. The amplifier comprising: an input terminal for connection to a; an output terminal for connection to a semiconductor circuit input; an input, lower critical current, Josephson junction having first and second terminals; a first series string of at least three lower critical current Josephson junctions. The first series string being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction such that the first series string is in series with the input Josephson junction to provide a series combination. The input terminal being connected to the first terminal of the input Josephson junction, and with the critical current of the lower critical current Josephson junctions of the input Josephson junction and the first series Josephson junctions being less than the output current of the low voltage Josephson junction circuit; a second series string of at least four higher critical current Josephson junctions. The second string being connected in parallel with the series combination to provide parallel strings having an upper common connection and a lower common connection. The lower common connection being connected to the second terminal of the input Josephson junction and the upper common connection being connected to the output terminal; and a pulsed DC current source connected the parallel strings at the upper common connection. The DC current source having a current at least equal to the critical current of the higher critical current Josephson junctions

  16. Quantum logics and convex geometry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bunce, L.J.; Wright, J.D.M.

    1985-01-01

    The main result is a representation theorem which shows that, for a large class of quantum logics, a quantum logic, Q, is isomorphic to the lattice of projective faces in a suitable convex set K. As an application we extend our earlier results, which, subject to countability conditions, gave a geometric characterization of those quantum logics which are isomorphic to the projection lattice of a von Neumann algebra or a JBW-algebra. (orig.)

  17. Safety logic systems of PFBR

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sambasivan, S. Ilango

    2004-01-01

    Full text : PFBR is provided with two independent, fast acting and diverse shutdown systems to detect any abnormalities and to initiate safety action. Each system consists of sensors, signal processing systems, logics, drive mechanisms and absorber rods. The absorber rods of the first system are Control and Safety Rods (CSR) and that of the second are called as Diverse Safety Rods (DSR). There are nine CSR and three DSR. While CSR are used for startup, control of reactor power, controlled shutdown and SCRAM, the DSR are used only for SCRAM. The respective drive mechanisms are called as CSRDM and DSRDM. Each of these two systems is capable of executing the shutdown satisfactorily with single failure criteria. Two independent safety logic systems based on diverse principles have been designed for the two shut down systems. The analog outputs of the sensors of Core Monitoring Systems comprising of reactor flux monitoring, core temperature monitoring, failed fuel detection and core flow monitoring systems are processed and converted into binary signals depending on their instantaneous values. Safety logic systems receive the binary signals from these core-monitoring systems and process them logically to protect the reactor against postulated initiating events. Neutronic and power to flow (P/Q) signals form the inputs to safety logic system-I and temperature signals are inputs to the safety logic system II. Failed fuel detection signals are processed by both the shut down systems. The two logic systems to actuate the safety rods are also based on two diverse designs and implemented with solid-state devices to meet all the requirements of safety systems. Safety logic system I that caters to neutronic and P/Q signals is designed around combinational logic and has an on-line test facility to detect struck at faults. The second logic system is based on dynamic logic and hence is inherently safe. This paper gives an overview of the two logic systems that have been

  18. PM 3655 PHILIPS Logic analyzer

    CERN Multimedia

    A logic analyzer is an electronic instrument that captures and displays multiple signals from a digital system or digital circuit. A logic analyzer may convert the captured data into timing diagrams, protocol decodes, state machine traces, assembly language, or may correlate assembly with source-level software. Logic Analyzers have advanced triggering capabilities, and are useful when a user needs to see the timing relationships between many signals in a digital system.

  19. Popular lectures on mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Wang, Hao

    2014-01-01

    A noted logician and philosopher addresses various forms of mathematical logic, discussing both theoretical underpinnings and practical applications. Author Hao Wang surveys the central concepts and theories of the discipline in a historical and developmental context, and then focuses on the four principal domains of contemporary mathematical logic: set theory, model theory, recursion theory and constructivism, and proof theory.Topics include the place of problems in the development of theories of logic and logic's relation to computer science. Specific attention is given to Gödel's incomplete

  20. Contextual logic for quantum systems

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Domenech, Graciela; Freytes, Hector

    2005-01-01

    In this work we build a quantum logic that allows us to refer to physical magnitudes pertaining to different contexts from a fixed one without the contradictions with quantum mechanics expressed in no-go theorems. This logic arises from considering a sheaf over a topological space associated with the Boolean sublattices of the ortholattice of closed subspaces of the Hilbert space of the physical system. Different from standard quantum logics, the contextual logic maintains a distributive lattice structure and a good definition of implication as a residue of the conjunction

  1. Tensor product of quantum logics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pulmannová, Sylvia

    1985-01-01

    A quantum logic is the couple (L,M) where L is an orthomodular σ-lattice and M is a strong set of states on L. The Jauch-Piron property in the σ-form is also supposed for any state of M. A ``tensor product'' of quantum logics is defined. This definition is compared with the definition of a free orthodistributive product of orthomodular σ-lattices. The existence and uniqueness of the tensor product in special cases of Hilbert space quantum logics and one quantum and one classical logic are studied.

  2. Logic and Philosophy of Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    A.N. Prior (1914-69) in the course of the 1950s and 1960s founded a new and revolutionary paradigm in philosophy and logic. Its most central feature is the preoccupation with time and the development of the logic of time. However, this was inseparably interwoven with fundamental questions about h...... human freedom, ethics, and existence. This remarkable integration of themes also embodies an original and in fact revolutionary conception of logic. The book series, Logic and Philosophy of Time, is dedicated to a deep investigation and also the further development of Prior’s paradigm. ...

  3. Optimization methods for logical inference

    CERN Document Server

    Chandru, Vijay

    2011-01-01

    Merging logic and mathematics in deductive inference-an innovative, cutting-edge approach. Optimization methods for logical inference? Absolutely, say Vijay Chandru and John Hooker, two major contributors to this rapidly expanding field. And even though ""solving logical inference problems with optimization methods may seem a bit like eating sauerkraut with chopsticks. . . it is the mathematical structure of a problem that determines whether an optimization model can help solve it, not the context in which the problem occurs."" Presenting powerful, proven optimization techniques for logic in

  4. Logic and Philosophy of Time

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    By blending historical research with current research, this collection (loosely inspired by themes from the work of Arthur Prior) demonstrates the importance of Prior's writings and helps us to gain a deeper understanding of time, its logic(s), and its language(s).......By blending historical research with current research, this collection (loosely inspired by themes from the work of Arthur Prior) demonstrates the importance of Prior's writings and helps us to gain a deeper understanding of time, its logic(s), and its language(s)....

  5. Reactions of Met-Cars

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Castleman, A.W. Jr.; Guo, B.C.

    1993-01-01

    A new class of metal-carbon complexes, termed metallo-carbohedrenes (Met-Cars), have been discovered to form in a plasma reactor in which early transition metals are vaporized into a stream carrying small hydrocarbon molecules. The initial discovery involved the species Ti 8 c 12 + , while subsequent studies revealed the stability of the anion and, most importantly, the neutral species. Subsequent investigations show that similar molecules, predicted to have a pentagonal dodecahedral structure, can also be formed with vanadium, hafnium, and zirconium. In the case of the latter, more recent investigations have displaced an interesting growth pattern. In particular, pentagonal dodecahedrons with dangling carbon atoms can undergo further growth, adding at least a second and third cage. The latest results on the properties and reactivities of these new cage-like molecular clusters will be discussed

  6. Meta-Logical Reasoning in Higher-Order Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Villadsen, Jørgen; Schlichtkrull, Anders; Hess, Andreas Viktor

    The semantics of first-order logic (FOL) can be described in the meta-language of higher-order logic (HOL). Using HOL one can prove key properties of FOL such as soundness and completeness. Furthermore, one can prove sentences in FOL valid using the formalized FOL semantics. To aid...

  7. Proef met duurzaam watergebruik in de bollenstreek

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Fliegenthart, F.; Dik, P.E.; Groenendijk, P.

    2009-01-01

    In 2007 begon in de Wieringermeer een praktijkproef met alternatieve waterbeheersystemen voor de bollenteelt. Met drie verschillende teeltsystemen wordt onderzoek verricht naar zo optimaal mogelijk gebruik van zoet water door recirculatie en hergebruik. Ook loopt onderzoek naar de emissie van

  8. Towards an arithmetical logic the arithmetical foundations of logic

    CERN Document Server

    Gauthier, Yvon

    2015-01-01

    This book offers an original contribution to the foundations of logic and mathematics, and focuses on the internal logic of mathematical theories, from arithmetic or number theory to algebraic geometry. Arithmetical logic is the term used to refer to the internal logic of classical arithmetic, here called Fermat-Kronecker arithmetic, and combines Fermat’s method of infinite descent with Kronecker’s general arithmetic of homogeneous polynomials. The book also includes a treatment of theories in physics and mathematical physics to underscore the role of arithmetic from a constructivist viewpoint. The scope of the work intertwines historical, mathematical, logical and philosophical dimensions in a unified critical perspective; as such, it will appeal to a broad readership from mathematicians to logicians, to philosophers interested in foundational questions. Researchers and graduate students in the fields of philosophy and mathematics will benefit from the author’s critical approach to the foundations of l...

  9. A Logical Process Calculus

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cleaveland, Rance; Luettgen, Gerald; Bushnell, Dennis M. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    This paper presents the Logical Process Calculus (LPC), a formalism that supports heterogeneous system specifications containing both operational and declarative subspecifications. Syntactically, LPC extends Milner's Calculus of Communicating Systems with operators from the alternation-free linear-time mu-calculus (LT(mu)). Semantically, LPC is equipped with a behavioral preorder that generalizes Hennessy's and DeNicola's must-testing preorder as well as LT(mu's) satisfaction relation, while being compositional for all LPC operators. From a technical point of view, the new calculus is distinguished by the inclusion of: (1) both minimal and maximal fixed-point operators and (2) an unimple-mentability predicate on process terms, which tags inconsistent specifications. The utility of LPC is demonstrated by means of an example highlighting the benefits of heterogeneous system specification.

  10. Perupaan dan Sinkronisasi Artefak Percandian Batujaya di Karawang, Jawa Barat dengan Borobudur di Jawa Tengah dan Mon-Dwarawati di Thailand

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nuning Damayanti

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Percandian Batujaya adalah sebuah kompleks sisa-sisa percandian Budha kuno yang terletak di Kecamatan Batujaya dan Kecamatan Pakisjaya, Kabupaten Karawang, Provinsi Jawa Barat. Adanya dua fase pembangunan pada Batujaya membuka kemungkinan terhadap interpretasi akan adanya gaya-gaya perupaan yang berbeda pada percandian Batujaya. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa mazhab Budha yang diterapkan pada kompleks percandian Batujaya adalah mazhab Mahayana, dicirikan dengan keberadaan votive tablet dengan perupaan yang menggambarkan sosok-sosok bodhisattva dan Budha. Perbandingan gaya visual dengan artefak-artefak yang berasal dari periode Mon-Dwarawati di wilayah Thailand dan artefak Borobudur di Jawa Tengah menunjukkan bahwa artefak Batujaya cenderung memiliki gaya naturalis yang lebih serupa dengan Dwarawati terutama pada profil wajah dibandingkan gaya stilasi Borobudur yang lebih dekat secara geografis. Terdapat ciri khas pada arca Batujaya yaitu cenderung memiliki bentuk mata yang didistorsi menjadi lebih besar dan terkesan membelalak, serta hidung yang lebar. Kemungkinan hal ini didasari bentuk fisik masyarakat lokal atau pemikiran ideal lokal mengenai fisik yang sempurna.Kata kunci: arca; Batujaya; Budha Mahayana; gaya perupaan; votive tablet.Batujaya enshrinement complex is a remnant of ancient Buddhist monument, located in Kecamatan Batujaya and Kecamatan Pakisjaya, Karawang, West Java. The two development phases of Batujaya would open the possibility of different interpretations of visual style in Batujaya. Based on these results, it could be concluded that the Buddhist sect worshipped in Batujaya was Mahayana sect, characterized by votive tablets depicting bodhisattva and Budha. Comparison of visual style with the artifacts dating from Mon-Dvaravati period in Thailand region and Borobudur in Central Java indicated that Batujaya artifacts tend to have more naturalistic style similar to Dwarawati primarily onfacial

  11. Desert agricultural terrace systems at EBA Jawa (Jordan) - Layout, water availability and efficiency

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meister, Julia; Krause, Jan; Müller-Neuhof, Bernd; Portillo, Marta; Reimann, Tony; Schütt, Brigitta

    2016-04-01

    Located in the arid basalt desert of northeastern Jordan, the Early Bronze Age (EBA) settlement of Jawa is by far the largest and best preserved archaeological EBA site in the region. Recent surveys in the close vicinity revealed well-preserved remains of three abandoned agricultural terrace systems. In the presented study these archaeological features are documented by detailed mapping and the analysis of the sediment records in a multi-proxy approach. To study the chronology of the terrace systems optically stimulated luminescence (OSL) is used. In order to evaluate the efficiency of the water management techniques and its impact on harvest yields, a crop simulation model (CropSyst) under today's climatic conditions is applied, simulating crop yields with and without (runoff) irrigation. In order to do so, a runoff time series for each agricultural terrace system and its catchment is generated, applying the SCS runoff curve number method (CN) based on rainfall and soil data. Covering a total area of 38 ha, irrigated terrace agriculture was practiced on slopes, small plateaus, and valleys in the close vicinity of Jawa. Floodwater from nearby wadis or runoff from adjacent slopes was collected and diverted via surface canals. The terraced fields were arranged in cascades, allowing effective water exploitation through a system of risers, canals and spillways. The examined terrace profiles show similar stratigraphic sequences of mixed unstratified fine sediments that are composed of small-scale relocated sediments with local origin. The accumulation of these fines is associated with the construction of agricultural terraces, forcing infiltration and storage of the water within the terraces. Two OSL ages of terrace fills indicate that the construction of these terrace systems started as early as 5300 ± 300 a, which fits well to the beginning of the occupation phase of Jawa at around 3.500 calBC, thus making them to the oldest examples of its kind in the Middle East

  12. SURVEI DINAMIKA PENULARAN MALARIA DI DESA BANJARETNO, KECAMATAN KAJORAN, KABUPATEN MAGELANG, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ristiyanto Ristiyanto

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka menurunkan angka endemisilas malaria di Kabupaten Magelang telah dilakukan studi dinamika penularan. Tujuan survei dinamika penularan ini adalah mengetahui proses terjadinya penularan malaria dan faktor-faktor risiko kejadian malaria. Lokasi survei di Desa Banjaretno, Kecamatan Kajorun, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah, Juni 2004. Metode survei adalah metode survei dinamika penularan yang telah distandardkan dalam pelatihan ICDC. Hasil survei parasit malaria menunjukkan bahwa 5 orang (5,10% dari 98 orang mengandung parasit Plasmodium falciparum. Hasil survei entomologi di liga rumah kasus malaria diperoleh angka man baiting rate (MBR nyamuk Anopheles aconitus di dalam rumah 0,5/jam/orang dan di luar rumah 1,08/jam/orang. Parity rate nyamuk tersebut 0%. Tempat perindukan di sekitar rumah kasus malaria adalah sawah, kolam, dan saluran irigasi. Penanaman padi tidak serempak, sehingga, tempat perindukan An. aconitus tersedia sepanjang tahun. Kepadatan larva nyamuk An. aconitus berkisar antara 0,3-2,1 perciduk. Hasil survei perilaku pada 31 responden (5 kasus malaria dan 26 orang tetangga kasus malaria diketahui bahwa pengetahuan, dan sikap responden mendukung untuk melakukan pencegahan penularan malaria (80% dari 31 responden, tetapi tidak diikuti dengan tindakan mencegah malaria (39,76% dari 31 responden. Semua rumah kasus malaria berdinding kayu atau bambu, belum menggunakan langit-langit, jendela dan ventilasi belum rapat nyamuk (100% rumah kasus malaria. Kebiasaan pada malam hari (5 kasus malaria yang mendukung penularan malaria adalah kebiasaan menonton TV bersama-sama pada malam hari dengan keadaan pintu dan jendela terbuka. Pelayanan kesehatan oleh Puskesmas tidak melakukan kunjungan rutin ke daerah endemis malaria karena tidak ada JMD. Hasil survei dinamika penularan ini memperlihatkan bahwa penularan malaria di Desa Banjaretno. Kecamatan Kajoran, Kabupaten Magelang, Jawa Tengah terjadi pada musim kemarau, di dalam rumah pada

  13. AKULTURASI BUDAYA ISLAM DAN JAWA: Ruang Komunal pada Budaya Nyadran Dukuh Krajan, Desa Kromengan, Kabupaten Malang

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sri Winarni

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Javanese and Islamic acculturations adhere to the people living at Dukuh Krajan. Javanese social and cultural aspects affect the spirit of Islamic activities. This is obvious by the use of Javanese/Islamic calendar system in every ritual. Yet, the high value of togetherness and communality is decreasing. This change will result in abandoning culture and growing social problem. It also influences the change of common space in the neighborhood. Therefore, it needs exploration on communal space established through Nyadran ritual. The purpose is to maintain the existence of the communal space as well as to develop togetherness and communality for the next generation. The study employs qualitative design with rationalistic approach. The data were collected through observation and interview. The communal space is formed by the activity, the physical area, the doers and the ritual time. The use of communal space in Nyadran ritual reflects togetherness and mutual cooperation value established as the result of the sense of care and the social awareness to share spaces for public interest.Akulturasi budaya Islam dan Jawa masih melekat pada kehidupan masyarakat Dukuh Krajan. Kegiatan Islam suasananya dipengaruhi oleh aspek budaya dan sosial Jawa. Tergambar jelas pada pemakaian kalender Jawa/Islam pada setiap kegiatan budaya. Namun, nilai-nilai kebersamaan dan kegotongroyangan dalam kegiatan sosial budaya saat ini semakin berkurang. Perubahan ini akan berpengaruh terhadap beberapa budaya setempat yang tersisihkan, dan masalah-masalah sosial yang mulai berkembang. Dampaknya akan berpengaruh juga terhadap perubahan ruang-ruang komunal di lingkungan pedesaan. Untuk itu perlu diteliti lebih detail tentang ruang komunal yang terbentuk, khususnya pada runtutan kegiatan budaya nyadran. Tujuannya agar ruang komunal yang terbentuk pada tradisi nyadran eksistensinya tetap ada dan terjaga dengan baik serta dapat bermanfaat dalam menumbuhkan dan mengembangkan rasa

  14. Fuzzy Logic and Arithmetical Hierarchy III

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hájek, Petr

    2001-01-01

    Roč. 68, č. 1 (2001), s. 129-142 ISSN 0039-3215 R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA1030004 Institutional research plan: AV0Z1030915 Keywords : fuzzy logic * basic fuzzy logic * Lukasiewicz logic * Godel logic * product logic * arithmetical hierarchy Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  15. Logical entropy of quantum dynamical systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebrahimzadeh Abolfazl

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper introduces the concepts of logical entropy and conditional logical entropy of hnite partitions on a quantum logic. Some of their ergodic properties are presented. Also logical entropy of a quantum dynamical system is dehned and ergodic properties of dynamical systems on a quantum logic are investigated. Finally, the version of Kolmogorov-Sinai theorem is proved.

  16. Questions and dependency in intuitionistic logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ciardelli, Ivano; Iemhoff, Rosalie; Yang, Fan

    2017-01-01

    In recent years, the logic of questions and dependencies has been investigated in the closely related frameworks of inquisitive logic and dependence logic. These investigations have assumed classical logic as the background logic of statements, and added formulas expressing questions and

  17. Reversible logic gates on Physarum Polycephalum

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Schumann, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    In this paper, we consider possibilities how to implement asynchronous sequential logic gates and quantum-style reversible logic gates on Physarum polycephalum motions. We show that in asynchronous sequential logic gates we can erase information because of uncertainty in the direction of plasmodium propagation. Therefore quantum-style reversible logic gates are more preferable for designing logic circuits on Physarum polycephalum

  18. A beginner's guide to mathematical logic

    CERN Document Server

    Smullyan, Raymond M

    2014-01-01

    Combining stories of great philosophers, quotations, and riddles with the fundamentals of mathematical logic, this new textbook for first courses in mathematical logic was written by the subject's creative master. Raymond Smullyan offers clear, incremental presentations of difficult logic concepts with creative explanations and unique problems related to proofs, propositional logic and first-order logic, undecidability, recursion theory, and other topics.

  19. Structural Completeness in Fuzzy Logics

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cintula, Petr; Metcalfe, G.

    2009-01-01

    Roč. 50, č. 2 (2009), s. 153-183 ISSN 0029-4527 R&D Projects: GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0545 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10300504 Keywords : structral logics * fuzzy logics * structural completeness * admissible rules * primitive variety * residuated lattices Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics

  20. A tristate optical logic system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basuray, A.; Mukhopadhyay, S.; Kumar Ghosh, Hirak; Datta, A. K.

    1991-09-01

    A method is described to represent data in a tristate logic system which are subsequently replaced by Modified Trinary Numbers (MTN). This system is advantagegeous in parallel processing as carry and borrow free operations in arithmatic computation is possible. The logical operations are also modified according to the three states available. A possible practical application of the same using polarized light is also suggested.

  1. Logic, reasoning, and verbal behavior

    OpenAIRE

    Terrell, Dudley J.; Johnston, J. M.

    1989-01-01

    This paper analyzes the traditional concepts of logic and reasoning from the perspective of radical behaviorism and in the terms of Skinner's treatment of verbal behavior. The topics covered in this analysis include the proposition, premises and conclusions, logicality and rules, and deductive and inductive reasoning.

  2. Flat Coalgebraic Fixed Point Logics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schröder, Lutz; Venema, Yde

    Fixed point logics are widely used in computer science, in particular in artificial intelligence and concurrency. The most expressive logics of this type are the μ-calculus and its relatives. However, popular fixed point logics tend to trade expressivity for simplicity and readability, and in fact often live within the single variable fragment of the μ-calculus. The family of such flat fixed point logics includes, e.g., CTL, the *-nesting-free fragment of PDL, and the logic of common knowledge. Here, we extend this notion to the generic semantic framework of coalgebraic logic, thus covering a wide range of logics beyond the standard μ-calculus including, e.g., flat fragments of the graded μ-calculus and the alternating-time μ-calculus (such as ATL), as well as probabilistic and monotone fixed point logics. Our main results are completeness of the Kozen-Park axiomatization and a timed-out tableaux method that matches ExpTime upper bounds inherited from the coalgebraic μ-calculus but avoids using automata.

  3. Evidence logics with relational evidence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Baltag, Alexandru; Occhipinti, Andrés

    2017-01-01

    We introduce a family of logics for reasoning about relational evidence: evidence that involves an ordering of states in terms of their relative plausibility. We provide sound and complete axiomatizations for the logics. We also present several evidential actions and prove soundness...

  4. Methods in Logic Based Control

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Christensen, Georg Kronborg

    1999-01-01

    Desing and theory of Logic Based Control systems.Boolean Algebra, Karnaugh Map, Quine McClusky's algorithm. Sequential control design. Logic Based Control Method, Cascade Control Method. Implementation techniques: relay, pneumatic, TTL/CMOS,PAL and PLC- and Soft_PLC implementation. PLC...

  5. Epistemic logics for sceptical agents

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Bílková, M.; Majer, Ondrej; Peliš, Michal

    2016-01-01

    Roč. 26, č. 6 (2016), s. 1815-1841 ISSN 0955-792X R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA13-21076S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : epistemic logic * substructural logic * frame semantics Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion Impact factor: 0.909, year: 2016

  6. Binary logic is rich enough

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zapatrin, R.R.

    1992-01-01

    Given a finite ortholattice L, the *-semigroup is explicitly built whose annihilator ortholattice is isomorphic to L. Thus, it is shown that any finite quantum logic is the additive part of a binary logic. Some areas of possible applications are outlined. 7 refs

  7. Logical independence and quantum randomness

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paterek, T; Kofler, J; Aspelmeyer, M; Zeilinger, A; Brukner, C; Prevedel, R; Klimek, P

    2010-01-01

    We propose a link between logical independence and quantum physics. We demonstrate that quantum systems in the eigenstates of Pauli group operators are capable of encoding mathematical axioms and show that Pauli group quantum measurements are capable of revealing whether or not a given proposition is logically dependent on the axiomatic system. Whenever a mathematical proposition is logically independent of the axioms encoded in the measured state, the measurement associated with the proposition gives random outcomes. This allows for an experimental test of logical independence. Conversely, it also allows for an explanation of the probabilities of random outcomes observed in Pauli group measurements from logical independence without invoking quantum theory. The axiomatic systems we study can be completed and are therefore not subject to Goedel's incompleteness theorem.

  8. Generator of combined logical signals

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Laviron, Andre; Berard, Claude.

    1982-01-01

    The invention concerns a generator of combined logical signals to form combinations of two outputs at logical level 1 and N-2 outputs at logical level 0, among N generator outputs. This generator is characterized in that it includes a set of N means for storing combinations. Means enable the N storage means to be loaded with the logical levels corresponding to a pre-set starting combination, to control the operations for shifting the contents of the storage means and to control, by transfer facilities, the transfers of contents between these storage means. Controls enable the storage means to be actuated in order to obtain combinations of logical levels 1 and 0. The generation of combinations can be stopped after another pre-set combination. Application is for testing of safety circuits for nuclear power stations [fr

  9. Reliability evaluation programmable logic devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Srivani, L.; Murali, N.; Thirugnana Murthy, D.; Satya Murty, S.A.V.

    2014-01-01

    Programmable Logic Devices (PLD) are widely used as basic building modules in high integrity systems, considering their robust features such as gate density, performance, speed etc. PLDs are used to implement digital design such as bus interface logic, control logic, sequencing logic, glue logic etc. Due to semiconductor evolution, new PLDs with state-of-the-art features are arriving to the market. Since these devices are reliable as per the manufacturer's specification, they were used in the design of safety systems. But due to their reduced market life, the availability of performance data is limited. So evaluating the PLD before deploying in a safety system is very important. This paper presents a survey on the use of PLDs in the nuclear domain and the steps involved in the evaluation of PLD using Quantitative Accelerated Life Testing. (author)

  10. Logical independence and quantum randomness

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paterek, T; Kofler, J; Aspelmeyer, M; Zeilinger, A; Brukner, C [Institute for Quantum Optics and Quantum Information, Austrian Academy of Sciences, Boltzmanngasse 3, A-1090 Vienna (Austria); Prevedel, R; Klimek, P [Faculty of Physics, University of Vienna, Boltzmanngasse 5, A-1090 Vienna (Austria)], E-mail: tomasz.paterek@univie.ac.at

    2010-01-15

    We propose a link between logical independence and quantum physics. We demonstrate that quantum systems in the eigenstates of Pauli group operators are capable of encoding mathematical axioms and show that Pauli group quantum measurements are capable of revealing whether or not a given proposition is logically dependent on the axiomatic system. Whenever a mathematical proposition is logically independent of the axioms encoded in the measured state, the measurement associated with the proposition gives random outcomes. This allows for an experimental test of logical independence. Conversely, it also allows for an explanation of the probabilities of random outcomes observed in Pauli group measurements from logical independence without invoking quantum theory. The axiomatic systems we study can be completed and are therefore not subject to Goedel's incompleteness theorem.

  11. Marketing Logics, Ambidexterity and Influence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tollin, Karin; Schmidt, Marcus

    2012-01-01

    in four CMOs have taken on this challenge, or adopted a marketing logic which could be referred to as ambidextrous. Furthermore, the study shows that this logic exerts a stronger impact on marketing's influence, compared to logics related to assuring brand consistency and measuring the performance...... of marketing processes. Three other ways to enact marketing management were also revealed, namely: an innovation; a communication; and a supporting marketing logic. This leads us to conclude that the influence of companies' marketing functions show up a heterogeneous picture within which the marketing logics......The duties of companies' chief marketing officers (CMOs) seem incompatible. They are expected to ensure that their company's market assets are properly exploited and recorded, while simultaneously enacting a proactive role in the company's business development. This study shows that about one...

  12. Optical programmable Boolean logic unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Tanay

    2011-11-10

    Logic units are the building blocks of many important computational operations likes arithmetic, multiplexer-demultiplexer, radix conversion, parity checker cum generator, etc. Multifunctional logic operation is very much essential in this respect. Here a programmable Boolean logic unit is proposed that can perform 16 Boolean logical operations from a single optical input according to the programming input without changing the circuit design. This circuit has two outputs. One output is complementary to the other. Hence no loss of data can occur. The circuit is basically designed by a 2×2 polarization independent optical cross bar switch. Performance of the proposed circuit has been achieved by doing numerical simulations. The binary logical states (0,1) are represented by the absence of light (null) and presence of light, respectively.

  13. Flow Logic for Process Calculi

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Hanne Riis; Nielson, Flemming; Pilegaard, Henrik

    2012-01-01

    Flow Logic is an approach to statically determining the behavior of programs and processes. It borrows methods and techniques from Abstract Interpretation, Data Flow Analysis and Constraint Based Analysis while presenting the analysis in a style more reminiscent of Type Systems. Traditionally...... developed for programming languages, this article provides a tutorial development of the approach of Flow Logic for process calculi based on a decade of research. We first develop a simple analysis for the π-calculus; this consists of the specification, semantic soundness (in the form of subject reduction......, and finally, we extend it to a relational analysis. A Flow Logic is a program logic---in the same sense that a Hoare’s logic is. We conclude with an executive summary presenting the highlights of the approach from this perspective including a discussion of theoretical properties as well as implementation...

  14. AJAPÜJAWA (DREAM SPIRIT IN THE WAYUU DEATH AND VENGEANCE RITUALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fanny Longa Romero

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available The wayuu are an Indian people of the Arawak linguistic family which lives in the Guajira Peninsula, in Northeast Colombia, on the Caribbean Sea, and the Western border of Venezuela. This paper studies the relation between existing and expressed ajapüjawa (dream spirit and other beings (plants, dead people, with intent, that will guide and influence the daily practices of the wayuu. The purpose here is to explore the agency from these existing rituals of death and revenge. I claim that these rituals provide information about the construction of the notion of person by the wayuu people through a symbolic economy of alterity. The wayuu people build, experience, and signify their cultural dynamics through the interference of active spiritual entities that impinge both upon life and death as two continuous, though separate, realms of social life.

  15. PENDEKATAN BALANCE SCORECARD PADA LEMBAGA AMIL ZAKAT DI MASJID AGUNG JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ari Kristin Prasetyoningrum

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Implementasi balanced scorecard dalam rangka revitalisasi Lembaga Pengelola Zakat menunju Good Organzation Governance pada LAZISMA Jawa Tengah belum dilaksanakan secara maksimal khususnya dalam perspektif keuangan. Sedangkan dari perspektif pelanggan yang didasarkan pada kepuasan pelanggan dalam menerima pelayanan dari lembaga cenderung baik karena sebagai organisasi sosial kemasyarakatan yang berdasarkan Islam mereka memperlakukan mustahik sebagai keluarga. Perspektif bisnis internal yang meliputi pembelajaran, kemampuan untuk berubah, penanganan keluhan pelanggan, waktu yang diperlukan untuk menangani keluhan dan akuntabilitas organisasi juga dirasakan kurang karena bukan berorientasi profit, melainkan untuk kepentingan ibadah. Perspektif pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran didasarkan pada pertumbuhan dan pembelajaran SDM (karyawan didasarkan pada kepuasan karyawan sebagai human capital bagi organisasi menunjukkan bahwa karyawan yang dimiliki oleh lembaga zakat tersebut relatif masih dilandasi oleh faktor ibadah, loyalitas yang ditunjukkan oleh karyawan dan usaha untuk belajar secara otodidak dilandasi untuk ibadah dan mencari ridha Allah SWT semata.

  16. EVALUASI POTENSI IKAN LAYANG (Decapterus spp. DI WPP 712– LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Setya Triharyuni

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Dalam rangka menjaga pelestarian sumberdaya ikan di kawasan perairan tertentu, maka tingkat pemanfaatan sumberdaya ikan tersebut harus seimbang dengan potensi produksinya. Ikan layang (Decapterus spp. merupakan hasil tangkapan dominan mencapai 60% dari total tangkapan perikanan pukat cincin yang beroperasi di Laut Jawa. Tujuan kajian ini adalah untuk mengetahui kesesuaian beberapa model produksi surplus pada dinamika perikanan layang di Laut Jawa (WPP-712 dengan menggunakan pendekatan lima model produksi, yaitu model Schaefer, Fox, Walter & Hilborn, Clarke Yoshimoto Pooley (CYP dan Schnute. Model produksi yang sesuai digunakan untuk estimasi tangkapan maksimum lestari (MSY dan upaya optimum (Fopt serta parameter pertumbuhan stok ikan layang. Data yang digunakan adalah data hasil tangkapan ikan layang dan jumlah trip penangkapan kapal pukat cincin yang berpangkalan di Pelabuhan Perikanan Tegal, Pekalongan, Juana dan Rembang yang beroperasi di Laut Jawa selama periode 2004-2012. Ketepatan model dianalisis dengan membandingkan tanda regresi, uji F, uji t dan nilai konstanta determinasi. Hasil kajian menunjukkan bahwa pendekatan model Fox merupakan model yang paling tepat dengan estimasi MSY sebesar 24.447 ton dan upaya penangkapan sebesar 5.784 trip/tahun setara pukat cincin. Berdasarkan model Fox juga diperoleh nilai parameter pertumbuhan stok ikan layang, yaitu nilai pertumbuhan intrinsik (r sebesar 0,7172, koefisien penangkapan (q sebesar 5,075 x 10-5 dan daya dukung lingkungan perairan (K sebesar 48.072 ton. Perikanan layang di Laut Jawa telah berada pada kondisi lebih tangkap sehingga intervensi pengelolaan, yaitu pengurangan intensitas upaya penangkapan ke titik optimal atau pengaturan hasil tangkapan di bawah tangkapan lestari untuk menjamin keberlanjutannya perlu dilakukan.   The general principle to sustain fish resources in a certain area is the exploitation level should not exceed its carrying capacity. Round scads (Depcaterus spp. are

  17. Karst: Ditambang atau Dilestarikan, Konflik Sosial Rencana Pembangunan Pabrik Semen di Kabupaten Pati Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    - Suharko

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The establishment of cement industry at regions with rich content of karst has increasingly grown in recent years. As a consequence, conflict of interest between cement company and local people groups has arised. The article aims to mapping out a natural resource based-conflict in district of Pati, province of Jawa Tengah. The social conflict has taken place at the stage of pra-construction of cement plant in the south Pati. The cement company, supported by local government, has continuously tried to establish the plant. The local people groups have always rejected it. Through organizing indigenous people, building social networks, and undertaking various collective actions, the local people groups have refused any efforts for establishing the plant. While this social conflict has continued, so far there is no an adequate conflict resolution. However, the new government of Central Java resulted from the 2013 election provides an opportunity to end the conflict.

  18. KOMPOSISI KIMIA MINYAK ATSIRI BUAH SIRIH HIJAU (PIPER BETLE L), KEMUKUS (PIPER CUBEBA L) DAN CABE JAWA (PIPER RETROFRACTUM VAHL)

    OpenAIRE

    M. Widyo Wartono; Ahmad Ainurofiq; Maya Ismaniar

    2014-01-01

    Tumbuhan genus Piper mempunyai kandungan minyak atsiri hampir disemua bagiannya, namun komposisi kimianya belum semua dilaporkan. Pada laporan ini kami melakukan isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa kimia minyak atsiri pada bagian buah tumbuhan Piper. Isolasi minyak atsiri buah Piper dilakukan dengan destilasi air menggunakan destilasi Stahl dan analisis komposisi kimia dengan kromatografi gas-spektroskopi masa (GC-MS). Kandungan minyak atsiri buah sirih hijau (Piper betle) 1,4% (v/b), cabe jawa ...

  19. Motif Dan Kepuasan Masyarakat Surabaya Dalam Menonton Program Dialog “Titik Tengah” Di Metro TV Jawa Timur

    OpenAIRE

    Gunawan, Like

    2016-01-01

    Penelitian ini dilakukan untuk mengetahui kepuasan masyarakat Surabaya dalam menonton program dialog “Titik Tengah” di Metro TV Jawa Timur. Pada penelitian ini, peneliti menggunakan teori Uses and Gratification dengan variabel Gratification Sought (GS) dan Gratification Obtained (GO) yang memiliki indikator yaitu informasi, identitas pribadi, integrasi dan interaksi sosial, dan hiburan.Teknik analisis yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah teknik analisis eksplenatif dengan statistik infe...

  20. Model Manajemen Mutu Pembelajaran Entreprenuership Berbasis Sistem Nilai Studi Analisis Kualitatif Di Pondok Pesantren Sidogiri Pasuruan Jawa Timur

    OpenAIRE

    Thoyib, Muhammad

    2014-01-01

    Realitas eksistensi pesantren itu semakin nyata pentingnya manakala melihat perkembangan pesantren di Indonesia saat ini, khususnya pesantren di wilayah Jawa Timur sebagai representasi ‘induk semang' lahirnya pondok pesantren di nusantara yang semakin pesat. Namun di tengah arus globalisasi yang begitu pesat ini, justru kondisi sebagian besar pesantren di Indonesia mengalami degradasi kualitas pembelajaran yang luar biasa, bahkan banyak yang ‘gulung tikar'. Dalam konteks itulah, upaya mengemb...

  1. Finanční analýza firmy JAWA Moto, s. r. o.

    OpenAIRE

    Kváš, Martin

    2016-01-01

    This bachelors thesis focuses on the financial analysis of JAWA Moto spol. s r. o. from 2012 to 2015. The thesis is divided into two sections - the methodological and the practical. The first section describes methods and indicators of financial analysis. These are applied to the company data in the second section of the thesis. The analyses made are as follows: horizontal and vertical analysis, analysis of profitability, activity, liquidity, indebtedness, cost ratio and bankruptcy and credib...

  2. PENGARUH ROLE STRESSOR TERHADAP KOMITMEN ORGANISASI DENGAN KEPUASAN KERJA SEBAGAI VARIABEL INTERVENING PADA KANTOR AKUNTAN PUBLIK (KAP) DI JAWA TENGAH

    OpenAIRE

    Indah Anisykurlillah; Agus Wahyudin; Kustiani -

    2014-01-01

    Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh role conflict, role ambiguity dan role overload pada kepuasan kerja, pengaruh role conflict, role ambiguity dan role overload pada komitmen organisasi serta pengaruh kepuasan kerja terhadap komitmen organisasi. Data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah data primer berupa kuesioner di mana subyek penelitian ini adalah auditor yang bekerja pada Kantor Akuntansi Publik ( KAP ) di Jawa Tengah. Sampel yang diambil adalah non probabi...

  3. Pengaruh Kualitas Sistem Informasi Dan Lingkungan Kerja Terhadap Kinerja Karyawan (Studi Pada PT Pembangkitan Jawa Bali Unit Pembangkitan Paiton)

    OpenAIRE

    Ningrum, Ika Rosita; Susilo, Heru

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study was to asses and know the condition of quality information system and work environment applied in PT Pembangkitan Jawa Bali (PJB UP) Paiton. The type of study used is expalantive with through quantitative approach. The population in this study were employees of ellipse users of PT PJB UP Paiton with a sample of 62 respondents. The data analysis in this study used multiple linier regression. The testing showed that there was a partial and simultaneous effect which signifi...

  4. Pengaturan Hasil Agroforestry Jabon (Neolamarckia Cadamba Miq.) dan Kapulaga (Amomum Compactum) di Kecamatan Pakenjeng, Garut, Jawa Barat

    OpenAIRE

    Indrajaya, Yonky; Siarudin, M

    2015-01-01

    Agroforestry dapat berkontribusi pada pendapatan petani, baik jangka pendek maupun jangka panjang. Pola agroforestry jabon-kapulaga telah banyak diterapkan oleh petani di Pakenjeng, Garut, Jawa Barat. Penelitian ini bertujuan menganalisis manajemen optimal agroforestry jabon-kapulaga menggunakan metode modeling bioekonomik yang dimodifikasi dari model Faustmann. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan: 1) daur optimal agroforestry jabon-kapulaga sesuai daur biologis tegakan jabon adalah lima tahun; 2) d...

  5. The Logic of Practice in the Practice of Logics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Raviola, Elena; Dubini, Paola

    2016-01-01

    of logics through a six months full-time ethnographic study at Il Sole-24 Ore, the largest Italian financial newspaper, between 2007 and 2008. An original conceptual framework is developed to analyse how the logic of journalism is enacted vis-à-vis that of advertising in a setting in which an old technology...... for news production – print newspaper – coexists with a new one – website – and thus encounters between new and old technological possibilities make workings of institutional logics particularly visible. The findings point out different mechanisms of institutional work dealing with actions that, made...

  6. Risiko Kerugian Akibat Longsor di Desa Cibanteng, Kecamatan Sukaresmi, Kabupaten Cianjur, Jawa Barat

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fathiyya Ulfa

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRAK Provinsi Jawa Barat merupakan provinsi yang memiliki riwayat kejadian longsor tertinggi di Indonesia. Salah satu wilayah di Provinsi Jawa Barat yang sering terjadi longsor adalah Desa Cibanteng, Kecamatan Sukaresmi, Kabupaten Cianjur. Pada dua tahun terakhir telah terjadi dua kali pergerakan tanah di daerah yang berbeda di Desa Cibanteng. Penelitian ini bertujuan memprediksi besar risiko kerugian bencana longsor pada masa akan datang sehingga bantuan saat terjadi longsor dapat dioptimalkan. Untuk memprediksi besar risiko kerugian digunakan variabel bahaya, kerentanan dan kapasitas kebencanaan longsor. Masing-masing variabel memiliki beberapa indikator tertentu yakni penggunaan tanah, lereng, dan kepadatan penduduk. Penghitungan risiko kerugian dilakukan menggunakan metode overlay masing-masing variabel. Hasil penelitian adalah berupa prediksi risiko kerugian sebesar Rp. 10,1 milyar. Besar risiko kerugian tersebut didapat dari nilai bangunan, jaringan jalan, jaringan listrik dan produktivitas pertanian. Penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa wilayah risiko bencana longsor mendominasi dibagian selatan Desa Cibanteng.   ABSTRACT West Java Province is a province have a high landslide history in Indonesia. One of the area in West Java Province which often occuring a landslide is Cibanteng Village, Sukaresmi District, Cianjur Regency. In the last two years has been soil movement twice in different areas in the village Cibanteng. This study aims to predict big losses from landslides in future so that assistance can be optimized during a landslide. To predict the risk of loss used hazards variable, vulnerabilities and capacities of landslide disasters. Each variables have some specific indicators namely landuse, slope, and population density. The calculation of losses risk using overlay method in each variable. The results are prediction of losses risk of Rp. 10.1 billion. Great of losses risk can be assessed from value of building , road networks

  7. RELASI SOSIAL PEDAGANG ETNIS CINA DAN ETNIS JAWA DI PASAR TRADISIONAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Puji Riyanti

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah menjelaskan relasi sosial pedagang etnis Cina dan etnis Jawa di pasar tradisional. Penelitian dilakukan di Pasar Tradisional Klampok Purwaja. Relasi sosial antara pedagang etnis Cina dan pedagang etnis Jawa di pasar Purwareja Klampok tercermin dalam beberapa aktivitas yang dilakukan yaitu “relasi sosial di pasar” dan “diluar pasar”. Relasi diluar pasar masih terlihat adanya jarak sosial yang lebih banyak dipengaruhi oleh etnisitas, tetapi relasi dalam pasar tampak lebih egalitarian. Pelayanan kepada para pelanggan tidak memperdulikan adanya perbedaan etnis. Secara umum, mereka dapat hidup berdampingan dengan baik, keduanya saling diuntungkan secara ekonomis. Namun stereotype etnis diantara keduanya masih tetap ada dan berkembang dalam masyarakat yang cukup mempengaruhi hubungan sosial kedua etnis dalam kehidupan sehari-hari. The objective of this study is to describe the social relations between ethnic Chinese merchants and the Java community in traditional markets. The research was conducted in Klampok market, Purwareja. Social relations between ethnic Chinese merchants and traders in the market of ethnic Javanese Purwareja Klampok reflected in two forms: ”relations inside the market” and ”relations outside the market”. Relations outside the market is characterized with stereotypes, shaped by ethnicity. In contrast, relations inside the market is more egalitarian. Service to the customer is not influenced by ethnicity difference. In general, these two groups can coexist, and economically they are mutually advantaged. However, ethnic stereotypes still exist and thrive in a society and affect both ethnic social relations in everyday life.

  8. Pengetahuan Masyarakat Sunda Perdesaan Kabupaten Garut dan Kabupaten Cianjur Jawa Barat tentang Peraturan Kebahasaan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dindin Samsudin

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available The reality of the language usage that exists in Indonesia is still apprehensive. If we observed, until now there are so many language usages in public spaces, both billboards and instructional boards still use foreign languages or a mix between Indonesian language and foreign languages. That reality of language is not relevant with the legislations which prevail in Indonesia because the legislations stipulate the preferential using of Indonesian language in public space. However, the legislations about language are not well known by the society, so they still prefer using the foreign languages. This research aimed to reveal the knowledge of rural Sundanese society in Garut and Cianjur Regency, West Java about the language regulations. This research used quantitative approach with survey method. The result showed that in general the knowledge of rural Sundanese society in Garut and Cianjur Regency, West Java about language regulations can be categorized not good because the average value only reached 34.25% of the ideal standard.   Abstrak Kenyataan kebahasaan yang ada di Indonesia masih saja memprihatinkan. Jika diamati, hingga kini masih banyak pemakaian bahasa di ruang publik, baik papan nama maupun papan petunjuk, yang menggunakan bahasa asing atau campuran bahasa Indonesia dan bahasa asing. Kenyataan kebahasaan tersebut tidak sesuai dengan peraturan perundang-undangan yang berlaku di Indonesia karena peraturan perundang-undangan mengharuskan pengutamaan penggunaan bahasa Indonesia dalam ranah publik. Namun, peraturan perundang-undangan tentang kebahasaan tersebut sepertinya belum diketahui oleh masyarakat sehingga mereka masih mengutamakan bahasa asing. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengungkapkan pengetahuan masyarakat Sunda pedesaan di Kabupaten Garut dan Cianjur Jawa Barat tentang peraturan kebahasaan. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kuantitatif dengan metode survei. Hasil dari penelitian ini menunjukkan bahwa secara umum

  9. DIALEKTIKA AGAMA DAN BUDAYA DALAM TRADISI SELAMATAN PERNIKAHAN ADAT JAWA DI NGAJUM, MALANG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roibin Roibin

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Empirical analysis on the religion and culture dialectics in the selamatan ritual of Javanese wedding has not been explored by teologist, social scientist or religion anthropologist. Their studies on such a case mostly concern with ontological-philological text analysis not directly related with the religious tradition and socio-culture which is more dynamic and realistic. This study employs social definition paradigm and phenomenological theory approach limited to the dialectic pattern between religion and myth in the ritual selamatan of Javanese wedding. The data were collected though interviewing and observing religious leaders, ethnic leaders, and Muslim preacher in Ngajum, Malang. The study found two models of dialectic pattern namely theological-compromistic and theological-humanistic. The earlier describes the theological shift from emotional-naturalistic to rational-formalistic. The later describes the theological shift from personal to social awareness theology. Telaah empirik seputar pola dialektika antara agama dan budaya dalam kasus ritual selamatan pernikahan adat Jawa, belum banyak dilakukan oleh para pakar agama, ilmuan sosial, maupun ilmuan antropolog agama. Kajian mereka terhadap kasus ini pada umumnya masih menekankan pada objek pembacaan teks secara ontologis-filologis, yang tidak bersinggungan secara langsung terhadap tradisi keagamaan dan budaya masyarakat yang lebih dinamis dan realistis. Penelitian ini menggunakan paradigma definisi sosial dan pendekatan teori fenomenologis, yang dibatasi pada pola dialektika antara agama dan mitos dalam kasus ritual selamatan pernikahan adat Jawa. Data diperoleh dengan cara menginterview dan mengobservasi para tokoh agama, tokoh adat, dan para da’i yang ada di Ngajum, Malang. Penelitian ini menemukan dua model yaitu pola dialektika teologis-kompromistik dan pola dialektika teologis-humanistik. Pola dialektika pertama, menggambarkan pergeseran teologis, dari teologi yang bersifat

  10. SISTEM PENGELOLAAN ARSIP DI KANTOR PERUM PERHUTANI DIVISI REGIONAL JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Yudha Primantoro

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Jawa Tengah, kendala-kendala yang dihadapi setra upaya-upaya untuk mengatasi kendala dalam sistem pengelolaan arsip. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan kualitatif. Adapun subyek penelitian ini adalah petugas Sub.Bag. Umum dan petugas kearsipan di Kantor Perum Perhutani Divisi Regional Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Metode pengumpulan data dengan menggunakan hasil wawancara dan dokumentasi. Teknik analisis data menggunakan empat teknik yaitu pengumpulan data, reduksi data, penyajian data, simpulan verivikasi. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan sistem pengelolaan arsip di Kantor Perum Perhutani tahap pertama pengumpulan warkat, selanjutnya memeriksa tanda-tanda pelepasan oleh pimpinan, penetapan indeks, pemberian kode warkat, penyortiran, penyimpanan dan penataan warkat, pemeliharaan dan pengamanan arsip, penyusutan arsip, pemusnahan arsip. Kendala yang dihadapi pada saa tmemerikasa tanda-tanda pelepasan serta pendistribusian surat. Upaya yang dilakukan dengan mengirim surat kembali serta menyerahkan kepada pimpinan. The purpose of this study was to determine the records management system in the Office of Perum Perhutani Central Java Regional Division, constraints faced by Setra's efforts to overcome the obstacles in the archive management system. This study used a qualitative approach. The subject of this research is Sub.Bag officer. General and archival officer in the Office of the Regional Division Perhutanioffice Central Java Province. Data were collected by using interviews and documentation. Data were analyzed using four techniques of data collection, data reduction, data presentation, verification conclusions. The results show records management system in the first phase of the Office Perhutanioffice collection slips, then check for signs of release by the leadership, the determination of the index, script coding, sorting, storage and slips

  11. Penyakit-Penyakit Penting Buah Naga di Tiga Sentra Pertanaman di Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arif Wibowo

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to identify the causal agent of some dragon fruit disease emerging in Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY and Central Java. Samples were taken from the dragon fruit plantation from the district of Sleman and Kulonprogo, Province of Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta as well as Magelang, Province of Central Java. Isolation of pathogen from symptomatic plant tissue was performed on Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA for fungi and Nutrient Agar (NA for bacteria and continued with Koch's postulates testing. The results of field observation showed that the disease commonly occured in all 3 plantations of dragon fruit were stem rot caused by Erwinia sp. and scab caused by Pestalotiopsis sp. Other miscellaneous diseases found among the plantations were brown spot (Fusarium sp., anthracnose (Colletotrichum sp., mosaic that might be caused by Cactus Virus X, root knotnematode (Meloidogyne sp., black rot and red spot which were still unidentified. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui penyakit-penyait penting pada tanaman buah naga yang ditanam pada sentra pertanaman buah naga di Propinsi Daerah Istimewa Yogyakarta (DIY dan Jawa Tengah, serta untuk mengidentifikasi penyebab penyakit penting tersebut. Sampel tanaman buah naga diambil dari pertanaman buah naga di Kabupaten Sleman dan Kulon Progo untuk Provinsi DIY serta Magelang untuk Propinsi Jawa Tengah. Isolasi patogen dari jaringan tanaman bergejala dilakukan pada medium Potato Dextrose Agar (PDA untuk jamur dan Nutrient Agar (NA untuk bakteri serta dilanjutkan dengan uji Postulat Koch. Hasil pengamatan di lapangan menunjukkan bahwa penyakit yang umum terdapat di 3 lokasi pertanaman buah naga tersebut adalah busuk batang yang disebabkan oleh Erwinia sp. dan kudis yang disebabkan oleh Pestalotiopsis sp. Adapun penyakit-penyakit lain yang dijumpai antara lain bercak coklat (Fusarium sp., antraknosa (Colletotrichum sp., mosaik yang kemungkinan disebabkan oleh Cactus Virus X, puru akar

  12. Budaya Makan di Luar Rumah di Perkotaan Jawa pada Periode Akhir Kolonial

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gregorius Andika Ariwibowo

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Eating out behavior is one of picturesque studies which reviewing about people behavior and life style. This article developed from author thesis which described about culinary culture in Javanese Cities during late colonial era. This development is done by inserting Alan Warde and Lydia Martens concept that’s research about eating out culture in England. They resumed that eating out behavior related with pleasure and amusement. According with that concept this research will describe about how eating out behavior provide an influence to life style behavior on Javanese urbans people, especially for elite and middle class society. This study used Historical studies method that focus on research of mass media, advertisement publicity, and traveloque from that’s period. This study inference that eating out culture and behavior not just related with need complianced but furthemore to show a behavior and life style which  measure to a social and cultural symbol for the subject.   Perilaku makan di luar rumah merupakan salah satu kajian yang menarik terutama dalam mengkaji mengenai perilaku dan gaya hidup dalam masyarakat. Kajian merupakan pengembangan dari tesis penulis yang sebelumnya membahas mengenai budaya makan d perkotaan Jawa pada periode kolonial. Pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan memasukan konsep Alan Warde dan Lydia Marteens yang mengkaji mengenai budaya makan luar rumah di Inggris. Mereka menyimpulkan bahwa perilaku makan di luar rumah berkaitan dengan perilaku kesenangan dan hiburan. Maka berdasarkan konsep tersebut pada tulisan ini dibahas hal mengenai bagaiamana pengaruh perkembangan budaya makan di luar rumah dalam keterkaitan dengan perilaku gaya hidup masyarakat perkotaan Jawa, terutama bagi kalangan elit dan menengah. Kajian ini menggunakan metodologi ilmu sejarah dengan menggunakan sumber-sumber dari media massa, iklan, dan jurnal perjalanan yang berasal dari periode tersebut.  Hasil dari kajian ini bahwa perilaku dan budaya

  13. FAUNA DAN TEMPAT PERKEMBANGBIAKAN POTENSIAL NYAMUK Anopheles spp DI KECAMATAN MAYONG, KABUPATEN JEPARA, JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mardiana Mardiana

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Malaria masih merupakan masalah kesehatan masyarakat di beberapa daerah pedesaan di Jawa Tengah. Usaha pemberantasan malaria telah dilakukan oleh program baik secara kimiawi maupun hayati, guna memutuskan rantai penularan. Penelitian fauna dan tempat perindukan potensial nyamuk Anopheles telah dilakukan di Desa Buaran, Kecamatan Mayong I, Kabupaten Jepara, Jawa Tengah. Penangkapan nyamuk dengan umpan orang dilakukan di dalam dan di luar rumah pada malam hari dari pukul 18.00-24.00 yang masing-masing dilakukan oleh dua orang kolektor. Penangkapan nyamuk yang istirahat di dalam dan luar rumah (vegetasi pada pagi hari dilakukan pukul 06.00-08.00, yang dilakukan satu bulan 4 kali penangkapan selama 6 bulan. Pengambilan larva dan pupa dilakukan dari pukul 06.00-08.00 pagi di tempat genangan air dan sawah serta tempat yang potensial diduga sebagai perindukan Anopheles. Hasil penangkapan selama 6 bulan, diperoleh 1248 ekor nyamuk Anopheles yang terdiri dari 6 spesies yaitu: An. aconitus 442 ekor (35,42%, An. annularis 69 ekor (5,53% , An. barbirostris 30 ekor (2,4%, An. maculatus 2 ekor (0,16%, An. tesselatus 5 ekor (0,40% dan An. vagus 700 ekor (56,09%. Populasi aconitus ditemukan dari penangkapan di luar rumah, pada bulan Juli (56,40%, Agustus (42,80% dan Oktober (39,50% sedangkan pada bulan Mei (52,9%, Juni (44% dan September (50,40% dari penangkapan di kandang sapi. Pengambilan larva dan pupa Anopheles dilakukan di tempat habitat seperti sawah yang pada bulan Aguslus terbanyak ditemukan sebesar 85 (1.70, di sungai ditemukan hanya 4 (0.08 serta di genangan air bekas telapak kaki/kobokan ditemukan sebesar 6 (0.12. Ternyata tempat perindukan yang potensial larva Anopheles pada musim kemarau, ditemukan pada sungai yang ditanami kangkung oleh masyarakat selempat. Kata kunci: Fauna, tempat perindukan, Anopheles, vector

  14. Integrasi Budaya Jawa Pada Pengembangan Bahan Ajar Bumi Dan Alam Semesta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarwanto -

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Kesulitan siswa dalam mempelajari IPA salah satunya disebabkan oleh sebagian besar materi IPA diadopsi dari sains Barat. Padahal budaya yang mendasari pengembangan sains Barat tidak sama dengan budaya Jawa, maka pembelajaran sains berpotensi menimbulkan kesenjangan (clash dengan sains lokal. Kesulitan lain disebabkan oleh pembelajaran IPA selama ini dilakukan memisahkan antara konten IPA dan pedagoginya. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengintegrasikan Budaya Jawa dalam pembelajaran IPA yang meliputi proses dan produk (materi IPA menjadi satu kesatuan pengetahuan (Pedagogical Content Knowledge/PCK. Metode penelitian ini adalah penelitan pengembangan (R&D. Tahap-tahap penelitian meliputi (1 studi pendahuluan; (2 pengembangan PCK; (3 validasi PCK; dan (4 pengembangan produk. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan modul yang dikembangkan layak untuk diujicobakan pada tingkat yang lebih luas dalam perkuliahan Fisika Sekolah Menengah. Western-adoption of most material of science causes student’s difficulties in learning science. Meanwhile, the culture base of Western science development is different from the Javanese one. This is why science learning causes potentially clash to local science. Other difficulty is caused by learning science which has been done by separating content from its pedagogy. This study aims to integrate Javanese culture into science teaching that include process and product to become a unified science knowledge (Pedagogical Content Knowledge/PCK. The research method used was a research & development (R & D, with the stages of (1 preliminary study, (2 development of PCK, (3 validation PCK, and (4 product development. The results showed that the developed modul decent for piloting at a broader level in High School Physics class.

  15. Basic logic and quantum entanglement

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Zizzi, P A

    2007-01-01

    As it is well known, quantum entanglement is one of the most important features of quantum computing, as it leads to massive quantum parallelism, hence to exponential computational speed-up. In a sense, quantum entanglement is considered as an implicit property of quantum computation itself. But... can it be made explicit? In other words, is it possible to find the connective 'entanglement' in a logical sequent calculus for the machine language? And also, is it possible to 'teach' the quantum computer to 'mimic' the EPR 'paradox'? The answer is in the affirmative, if the logical sequent calculus is that of the weakest possible logic, namely Basic logic. - A weak logic has few structural rules. But in logic, a weak structure leaves more room for connectives (for example the connective 'entanglement'). Furthermore, the absence in Basic logic of the two structural rules of contraction and weakening corresponds to the validity of the no-cloning and no-erase theorems, respectively, in quantum computing

  16. Basic logic and quantum entanglement

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zizzi, P A [Dipartimento di Matematica Pura ed Applicata, Via Trieste 63, 35121 Padova (Italy)

    2007-05-15

    As it is well known, quantum entanglement is one of the most important features of quantum computing, as it leads to massive quantum parallelism, hence to exponential computational speed-up. In a sense, quantum entanglement is considered as an implicit property of quantum computation itself. But... can it be made explicit? In other words, is it possible to find the connective 'entanglement' in a logical sequent calculus for the machine language? And also, is it possible to 'teach' the quantum computer to 'mimic' the EPR 'paradox'? The answer is in the affirmative, if the logical sequent calculus is that of the weakest possible logic, namely Basic logic. - A weak logic has few structural rules. But in logic, a weak structure leaves more room for connectives (for example the connective 'entanglement'). Furthermore, the absence in Basic logic of the two structural rules of contraction and weakening corresponds to the validity of the no-cloning and no-erase theorems, respectively, in quantum computing.

  17. Logic regression and its extensions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwender, Holger; Ruczinski, Ingo

    2010-01-01

    Logic regression is an adaptive classification and regression procedure, initially developed to reveal interacting single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in genetic association studies. In general, this approach can be used in any setting with binary predictors, when the interaction of these covariates is of primary interest. Logic regression searches for Boolean (logic) combinations of binary variables that best explain the variability in the outcome variable, and thus, reveals variables and interactions that are associated with the response and/or have predictive capabilities. The logic expressions are embedded in a generalized linear regression framework, and thus, logic regression can handle a variety of outcome types, such as binary responses in case-control studies, numeric responses, and time-to-event data. In this chapter, we provide an introduction to the logic regression methodology, list some applications in public health and medicine, and summarize some of the direct extensions and modifications of logic regression that have been proposed in the literature. Copyright © 2010 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.

  18. Suicide as social logic.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kral, M J

    1994-01-01

    Although suicide is not viewed as a mental disorder per se, it is viewed by many if not most clinicians, researchers, and lay people as a real or natural symptom of depression. It is at least most typically seen as the unfortunate, severe, yet logical end result of a chain of negative self-appraisals, negative events, and hopelessness. Extending an approach articulated by the early French sociologist Gabriel Tarde, in this paper I argue that suicide is merely an idea, albeit a very bad one, having more in common with societal beliefs and norms regarding such things as divorce, abortion, sex, politics, consumer behavior, and fashion. I make a sharp contrast between perturbation and lethality, concepts central to Edwin S. Shneidman's theory of suicide. Evidence supportive of suicide as an idea is discussed based on what we are learning from the study of history and culture, and about contagion/cluster phenomena, media/communication, and choice of method. It is suggested that certain individuals are more vulnerable to incorporate the idea and act of suicide into their concepts of self, based on the same principles by which ideas are spread throughout society. Just as suicide impacts on society, so does society impact on suicide.

  19. Conference on Logical Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Remmel, Jeffrey; Shore, Richard; Sweedler, Moss; Progress in Computer Science and Applied Logic

    1993-01-01

    The twenty-six papers in this volume reflect the wide and still expanding range of Anil Nerode's work. A conference on Logical Methods was held in honor of Nerode's sixtieth birthday (4 June 1992) at the Mathematical Sciences Institute, Cornell University, 1-3 June 1992. Some of the conference papers are here, but others are from students, co-workers and other colleagues. The intention of the conference was to look forward, and to see the directions currently being pursued, in the development of work by, or with, Nerode. Here is a brief summary of the contents of this book. We give a retrospective view of Nerode's work. A number of specific areas are readily discerned: recursive equivalence types, recursive algebra and model theory, the theory of Turing degrees and r.e. sets, polynomial-time computability and computer science. Nerode began with automata theory and has also taken a keen interest in the history of mathematics. All these areas are represented. The one area missing is Nerode's applied mathematica...

  20. Differences in MetS marker prevalence between black African and ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Multiple linear regression analysis, independent of covariates, showed that the albumin:creatinine ratio is explained only by glucose in Africans. Conclusion: African women, as a group, present with few MetS risk factors, and glucose is associated with renal function risk in Africans. Keywords: MetS, metabolic syndrome, ...

  1. Variasi Genetik Trenggiling Sitaan di Sumatra, Jawa, dan Kalimantan Berdasarkan Control Region DNA Mitokndria (GENETIC VARIATION ON CONFISCATED PANGOLIN OF SUMATRA, JAWA, AND KALIMANTAN BASED ON CONTROL REGION MITOCHONDRIAL DNA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wirdateti Wirdateti

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available High levels of illegal trading on Java pangolin (Manis javanica, Desmarest. 1822 for the basic ingredient of Traditional Chinese Medicine have caused sharp decline in its wild population. The purposes of this study were to assess the level of quality and genetic diversity, and to identify the origin of the confiscated individuals by molecular analysis. The original species used as a control were obtained from known areas in Java, Kalimantan, and Sumatera. Molecular analysis was carried out using non-coding region control region (D-loop of mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA. The results of phylogenic tree analysis showed that 44 confiscated pangolins were from Kalimantan (24 individuals, from Sumatra (seven individuals, and from Java (13 individuals. As many as 19 haplotypes were found on the basis of their base substitutions consisting of nine from Kalimantan, seven from Java and three from Sumatra. Average genetic distance (d between those from Kalimantan-Java was d = 0.0121 ± 0.0031; those from Borneo-Sumatra was d =0.0123 ± 0.0038 and those from Sumatra-Java was d = 0.0075 ± 0.038, respectively. Overall genetic distance between populations was d = 0.0148 ± 0.0035, with the nucleotide diversity (ð of 0.0146. These results indicate that over 50% of pangolins seized came from Kaimantan, and Kalimantan populations show a separate group with Java and Sumatra with boostrap 98%. ABSTRAK Tingginya tingkat perburuan trenggiling (Manis javanica; Desmarest 1822 Indonesia untuk diperdagangkan secara illegal sebagai bahan dasar obat terutama di China, menyebabkan terjadinya penurunan populasi di alam. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah untuk melihat tingkat kualitas dan keragaman genetik trenggiling serta mengetahui asal usul satwa sitaan berdasarkan analisis molekuler. Sebagai kontrol asal usul trenggiling sitaan digunakan sampel alam berdasarkan sebaran populasi yang diketahui pasti yang berasal dari Jawa, Kalimantan, dan Sumatera. Analisis molekuler menggunakan

  2. Rethinking logic logic in relation to mathematics, evolution, and method

    CERN Document Server

    Cellucci, Carlo

    2014-01-01

    This book examines the limitations of mathematical logic and proposes a new approach intended to overcome them. Formulates new rules of discovery, such as induction, analogy, generalization, specialization, metaphor, metonymy, definition and diagrams.

  3. The conditional in quantum logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hardegree, G.M.

    1976-01-01

    In this article it is argued that orthodox quantum logic, which is represented by the lattice of projections on Hilbert space, does in fact admit an operation which possesses the essential properties of a material conditional. It is proposed that this connective can be interpreted as a Stalnaker (counter factual) conditional, where the nearness ordering among 'worlds' (in this case, QM pure states) derives in a natural way from the Hilbert space inner-product metric. It is a characteristic of the quantum logic conditional that the law of modus ponens is equivalent to the orthomodular law of conventional quantum logic. (B.R.H.)

  4. Handling Pressures of Community Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Minbaeva, Dana; Hotho, Jasper; Muratbekova-Touron, Maral

    2013-01-01

    The paper aims at investigating how in pluralistic societies, such as emerging economies and countries in transition, organizational decision-makers respond to pressures of community logics in non-community settings, such as the work place. We theorize that in non-community settings, social...... relations and interactions with community members can act as social cues that induce and expose individuals to community logics. We subsequently propose that properties of these relations – immediacy and relatedness - will affect individual response strategies towards community logics. We test these ideas...... with an experimental vignette study of the effects of clan and kinship ties on recruitment and selection decisions in Kazakhstan, followed by qualitative interviews....

  5. Miniaturization of Josephson logic circuits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Ko, H.; Van Duzer, T.

    1985-01-01

    The performances of Current Injection Logic (CIL) and Resistor Coupled Josephson Logic (RCJL) have been evaluated for minimum features sizes ranging from 5 μm to 0.2 μm. The logic delay is limited to about 10 ps for both the CIL AND gate and the RCJL OR gate biased at 70% of maximum bias current. The maximum circuit count on an 6.35 x 6.35 chip is 13,000 for CIL gates and 20,000 for RCJL gates. Some suggestions are given for further improvements

  6. Nanoelectromechanical resonator for logic operations

    KAUST Repository

    Kazmi, Syed N. R.

    2017-08-29

    We report an electro-thermally tunable in-plane doubly-clamped nanoelectromechanical resonator capable of dynamically performing NOR, NOT, XNOR, XOR, and AND logic operations. Toward this, a silicon based resonator is fabricated using standard e-beam lithography and surface nanomachining of a highly conductive device layer of a silicon-on-insulator (SOI) wafer. The performance of this logic device is examined at elevated temperatures, ranging from 25 °C to 85 °C, demonstrating its resilience for most of the logic operations; thereby paving the way towards nano-elements-based mechanical computing.

  7. Formalized Epistemology, Logic, and Grammar

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bitbol, Michel

    The task of a formal epistemology is defined. It appears that a formal epistemology must be a generalization of "logic" in the sense of Wittgenstein's Tractatus. The generalization is required because, whereas logic presupposes a strict relation between activity and language, this relation may be broken in some domains of experimental enquiry (e.g., in microscopic physics). However, a formal epistemology should also retain a major feature of Wittgenstein's "logic": It must not be a discourse about scientific knowledge, but rather a way of making manifest the structures usually implicit in knowledge-gaining activity. This strategy is applied to the formalism of quantum mechanics.

  8. PENGARUH BENTUK ATAP BANGUNAN TRADISIONAL DI JAWA TENGAH UNTUK PENINGKATAN KENYAMANAN (Sebuah pencarian model arsitektur tropis untuk aplikasi desain arsitektur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ridwan Sanjaya

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available In the architectural development recently, form of Java traditional roof is still commonly interested. While it is full of philosophic value, form of Java traditional roof also varies. On the other hand, Java traditional architecture concerns deeply in environmental aspect, which is formed in macro and micro concept as well, in order to become harmony and be comfort to dwell in. However, in the development and the application to modern buildings, which uses modern building materials, the thermal comfort aspect and the sturdy of construction are not considered. Therefore, it is necessary to understand well the basic concept of the forming traditional architecture in the context of trophical architecture and the sturdy of construction.This research aims to give descriptions to society, students and architects, in order to understand the importantance of thermal comfort, which can be achieved by well-designed roof.To achieve the expected result, the research is approached through analizing the sturdy of construction, to the original traditional buildings and the modern buildings using the Java traditional roof as well. The thermal comfort analysis is done with some equipments such as digital thermometer, digital hygrometer and digital anemometer. The research result is design recommendation to adjust the modern material to the form of Java traditional roof. By computer program using Visual Basic, it is expected that the research will be easily understood by society and it can be applied in building design. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia : Dalam perkembangan arsitektur saat ini, bentuk atap tradisional Jawa masih diminati oleh masyarakat. Selain sarat muatan filosofis, bentuk atap tradisional juga bervariasi. Di sisi lain, arsitektur tradisional Jawa sangat memperhatikan aspek lingkungan, yang tertuang dalam konsep makro dan mikro kosmosnya, sehingga selaras dan nyaman untuk dihuni. Namun dalam perkembangan dan penerapan pada bangunan modern, yang

  9. Metsämaisema ulkoilijoiden kokemana

    OpenAIRE

    Vuohijoki, Jaana

    2010-01-01

    Työn aiheena oli tutkia, miten ulkoilijat kokevat metsämaiseman Tampereella. Tavoitteena oli selvittää ulkoilijoiden maisema-arvostuksia sekä suhtautumista metsänhoidon toimenpiteisiin. Tutkimus toteutettiin maastohaastatteluina Tampereella kolmella eri asuinalueella: Hallilassa, Leinolassa ja Tesomajärvellä. Otoskooksi muodostui kymmenen haastattelua aluetta kohti, mutta yhdeltä vastaajalta ei ehditty kysyä kaikkia kysymyksiä. Vastaajat olivat yleisesti ottaen tyytyväisiä alueiden metsän...

  10. Decision logics in radiotherapy

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gauwerky, F.

    1979-01-01

    Decisions in planning procedures can generally, at least for beam therapy to deep seated tumors, be based on a self-consistent system of criteria of optimization, namely: 1. The absorbed dose to the target volume must be applied as uniformly as possible. 2. Absorbed doses to organs (volumes) at risk must be as low as possible, at least below an accepted limit. 3. Radiation effects to outside volumes must be kept as low as possible. Whereas these criteria, as being reduced to the simplest possible requirements, have to be regarded as the stable elements, the radiotherapy parameters, such as geometric arrangements, special techniques, absorbed dose contributions to reference points or systems, have to be taken as the variables within decision processes. The properties of the criteria which have widely proved to be valuable in routine clinical practice, have been investigated in relation to the theoretical system of axioms as it is e.g. offered by Karl Popper's general logics of scientific research. An axiomatic system, as it is demanded (after Popper) must be a) free of discrepancies, i.e. self-consistent (not any sentence can be derived), b) independent, that is, one axiom cannot be derived from another one within the system, c) sufficient for deduction of statements needed, d) necessary, that is complete. All these requirements are fitting also to the offered system of radiotherapy optimization criteria. It has been demonstrated, that Popper's axiomatic system can be regarded as to be the general case for all scientific fields of application, the set of optimization criteria being a special system for radiation therapy, which would have been derivable from Popper's theory. Also practical use could be demonstrated. (orig./ORU) [de

  11. Quantum supports and modal logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Svetlichny, G.

    1986-01-01

    Recently Foulis, Piron, and Randall introduced a new interpretation of empirical and quantum logics which substitute for the notion of a probabilistic weight a combinatorial notion called a support. The informal use of the notion of ''possible outcomes of experiments'' suggests that this interpretation can be related to corresponding formal notions as treated by modal logic. The purpose of this paper is to prove that in fact supports are in one-to-one correspondence with the sets of possibly true elementary propositions in Kripke models of a set of modal formulas associated to the empirical or quantum logic. This hopefully provides a sufficiently detailed link between the two rather distinct logical systems to shed useful light on both

  12. Classical Limit and Quantum Logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Losada, Marcelo; Fortin, Sebastian; Holik, Federico

    2018-02-01

    The analysis of the classical limit of quantum mechanics usually focuses on the state of the system. The general idea is to explain the disappearance of the interference terms of quantum states appealing to the decoherence process induced by the environment. However, in these approaches it is not explained how the structure of quantum properties becomes classical. In this paper, we consider the classical limit from a different perspective. We consider the set of properties of a quantum system and we study the quantum-to-classical transition of its logical structure. The aim is to open the door to a new study based on dynamical logics, that is, logics that change over time. In particular, we appeal to the notion of hybrid logics to describe semiclassical systems. Moreover, we consider systems with many characteristic decoherence times, whose sublattices of properties become distributive at different times.

  13. Logical Theories for Agent Introspection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolander, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    Artificial intelligence systems (agents) generally have models of the environments they inhabit which they use for representing facts, for reasoning about these facts and for planning actions. Much intelligent behaviour seems to involve an ability to model not only one's external environment...... by self-reference. In the standard approach taken in artificial intelligence, the model that an agent has of its environment is represented as a set of beliefs. These beliefs are expressed as logical formulas within a formal, logical theory. When the logical theory is expressive enough to allow...... introspective reasoning, the presence of self-reference causes the theory to be prone to inconsistency. The challenge therefore becomes to construct logical theories supporting introspective reasoning while at the same time ensuring that consistency is retained. In the thesis, we meet this challenge by devising...

  14. Dependence logic theory and applications

    CERN Document Server

    Kontinen, Juha; Väänänen, Jouko; Vollmer, Heribert

    2016-01-01

    In this volume, different aspects of logics for dependence and independence are discussed, including both the logical and computational aspects of dependence logic, and also applications in a number of areas, such as statistics, social choice theory, databases, and computer security. The contributing authors represent leading experts in this relatively new field, each of whom was invited to write a chapter based on talks given at seminars held at the Schloss Dagstuhl Leibniz Center for Informatics in Wadern, Germany (in February 2013 and June 2015) and an Academy Colloquium at the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences (March 2014). Altogether, these chapters provide the most up-to-date look at this developing and highly interdisciplinary field and will be of interest to a broad group of logicians, mathematicians, statisticians, philosophers, and scientists. Topics covered include a comprehensive survey of many propositional, modal, and first-order variants of dependence logic; new results concerning ...

  15. Nanoelectromechanical resonator for logic operations

    KAUST Repository

    Kazmi, Syed N. R.; Hafiz, Md A. Al; Chappanda, Karumbaiah N.; Ilyas, Saad; Holguin, Jorge; Da Costa, Pedro M. F. J.; Younis, Mohammad I.

    2017-01-01

    We report an electro-thermally tunable in-plane doubly-clamped nanoelectromechanical resonator capable of dynamically performing NOR, NOT, XNOR, XOR, and AND logic operations. Toward this, a silicon based resonator is fabricated using standard e

  16. Empirical logic and quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Foulis, D.J.; Randall, C.H.

    1976-01-01

    This article discusses some of the basic notions of quantum physics within the more general framework of operational statistics and empirical logic (as developed in Foulis and Randall, 1972, and Randall and Foulis, 1973). Empirical logic is a formal mathematical system in which the notion of an operation is primitive and undefined; all other concepts are rigorously defined in terms of such operations (which are presumed to correspond to actual physical procedures). (Auth.)

  17. Logical operations using phenyl ring

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patra, Moumita; Maiti, Santanu K.

    2018-02-01

    Exploiting the effects of quantum interference we put forward an idea of designing three primary logic gates, OR, AND and NOT, using a benzene molecule. Under a specific molecule-lead interface geometry, anti-resonant states appear which play the crucial role for AND and NOT operations, while for OR gate no such states are required. Our analysis leads to a possibility of designing logic gates using simple molecular structure which might be significant in the area of molecular electronics.

  18. Observation Predicates in Flow Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis; Sun, Hongyan

    2003-01-01

    in such a way that the hard constraints are satisfi ed exactly when the observation predicates report no violations. The development is carried out in a large fragment of a first order logic with negation and also takes care of the transformations necessary in order to adhere to the stratification restrictions...... inherent in Alternation-free Least Fixed Point Logic and similar formalisms such as Datalog....

  19. Logically automorphically equivalent knowledge bases

    OpenAIRE

    Aladova, Elena; Plotkin, Tatjana

    2017-01-01

    Knowledge bases theory provide an important example of the field where applications of universal algebra and algebraic logic look very natural, and their interaction with practical problems arising in computer science might be very productive. In this paper we study the equivalence problem for knowledge bases. Our interest is to find out how the informational equivalence is related to the logical description of knowledge. Studying various equivalences of knowledge bases allows us to compare d...

  20. A Logic of Blockchain Updates

    OpenAIRE

    Brünnler, Kai; Flumini, Dandolo; Studer, Thomas

    2017-01-01

    Blockchains are distributed data structures that are used to achieve consensus in systems for cryptocurrencies (like Bitcoin) or smart contracts (like Ethereum). Although blockchains gained a lot of popularity recently, there is no logic-based model for blockchains available. We introduce BCL, a dynamic logic to reason about blockchain updates, and show that BCL is sound and complete with respect to a simple blockchain model.

  1. Logical Reasoning and Decision Making

    OpenAIRE

    Ong, D; Khaddaj, Souheil; Bashroush, Rabih

    2011-01-01

    Most intelligent systems have some form of \\ud decision making mechanisms built into their \\ud organisations. These normally include a logical \\ud reasoning element into their design. This paper reviews \\ud and compares the different logical reasoning strategies, \\ud and tries to address the accuracy and precision of \\ud decision making by formulating a tolerance to \\ud imprecision view which can be used in conjunction with \\ud the various reasoning strategies.

  2. Flow Logics and Operational Semantics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielson, Flemming; Nielson, Hanne Riis

    1998-01-01

    Flow logic is a “fast prototyping” approach to program analysis that shows great promise of being able to deal with a wide variety of languages and calculi for computation. However, seemingly innocent choices in the flow logic as well as in the operational semantics may inhibit proving the analys...... correct. Our main conclusion is that environment based semantics is more flexible than either substitution based semantics or semantics making use of structural congruences (like alpha-renaming)....

  3. Optically controllable molecular logic circuits

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Nishimura, Takahiro; Fujii, Ryo; Ogura, Yusuke; Tanida, Jun

    2015-01-01

    Molecular logic circuits represent a promising technology for observation and manipulation of biological systems at the molecular level. However, the implementation of molecular logic circuits for temporal and programmable operation remains challenging. In this paper, we demonstrate an optically controllable logic circuit that uses fluorescence resonance energy transfer (FRET) for signaling. The FRET-based signaling process is modulated by both molecular and optical inputs. Based on the distance dependence of FRET, the FRET pathways required to execute molecular logic operations are formed on a DNA nanostructure as a circuit based on its molecular inputs. In addition, the FRET pathways on the DNA nanostructure are controlled optically, using photoswitching fluorescent molecules to instruct the execution of the desired operation and the related timings. The behavior of the circuit can thus be controlled using external optical signals. As an example, a molecular logic circuit capable of executing two different logic operations was studied. The circuit contains functional DNAs and a DNA scaffold to construct two FRET routes for executing Input 1 AND Input 2 and Input 1 AND NOT Input 3 operations on molecular inputs. The circuit produced the correct outputs with all possible combinations of the inputs by following the light signals. Moreover, the operation execution timings were controlled based on light irradiation and the circuit responded to time-dependent inputs. The experimental results demonstrate that the circuit changes the output for the required operations following the input of temporal light signals

  4. PERBEDAAN TINGKAT STRES LUTUNG JAWA (Trachypitecus auratus PADA KANDANG PERAWATAN DAN KANDANG KARANTINA DI JAVAN LANGUR CENTER (JLC DITINJAU DARI KADAR KORTISOL DAN RASIO NEUTROFIL PERLIMFOSIT (N/L

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eko Dini Danafi

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Lutung Jawa (Trachypithecus auratus adalah satwa endemik Jawa dan Bali. Populasi lutung Jawa semakin mengalami penurunan dan masuk kategori satwa yang dilindungi. Penurunan populasi lutung jawa dapat disebabkan oleh berbagai macam penyakit yang diperparah dengan tingginya tingkat stres pada satwa. Javan Langur Center yang berlokasi di Cangar, Batu merupakan salah satu tempat untuk merehabilitasi lutung Jawa sebelum dilepasliarkan ke alam. Javan Langur Center terdiri dari tiga kandang yaitu kandang perawatan, kandang karantina dan kandang sosialisasi. Respon stress pada primata dapat dievaluasi dengan menggunakan indikator pengukuran hormon kortisol dan rasio neutrofil per limfosit. Penelitian bertujuan untuk mengetahui perbedaan kadar kortisol dan rasio neutrofil per limfosit sebagai indikator stres pada lutung Jawa di kandang perawatan dengan kandang karantina. Lutung Jawa dengan umur 2-7,5 tahun dan berjenis kelamin jantan dan betina. Pengukuran kadar kortisol dengan metode ELISA Indirect gelombang pada 450 nm dan diferensial leukosit diukur dengan hematology analizer. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa sampel pada kandang perawatan memiliki rata-rata kadar kortisol yang lebih tinggi (116,1 ng/mL daripada kandang karantina (87,5 ng/mL, dan pengukuran rasio N/L pada kandang perawatan lebih tinggi (11,3 daripada kandang karantina (1,2.

  5. Application of linear logic to simulation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Clarke, Thomas L.

    1998-08-01

    Linear logic, since its introduction by Girard in 1987 has proven expressive and powerful. Linear logic has provided natural encodings of Turing machines, Petri nets and other computational models. Linear logic is also capable of naturally modeling resource dependent aspects of reasoning. The distinguishing characteristic of linear logic is that it accounts for resources; two instances of the same variable are considered differently from a single instance. Linear logic thus must obey a form of the linear superposition principle. A proportion can be reasoned with only once, unless a special operator is applied. Informally, linear logic distinguishes two kinds of conjunction, two kinds of disjunction, and also introduces a modal storage operator that explicitly indicates propositions that can be reused. This paper discuses the application of linear logic to simulation. A wide variety of logics have been developed; in addition to classical logic, there are fuzzy logics, affine logics, quantum logics, etc. All of these have found application in simulations of one sort or another. The special characteristics of linear logic and its benefits for simulation will be discussed. Of particular interest is a connection that can be made between linear logic and simulated dynamics by using the concept of Lie algebras and Lie groups. Lie groups provide the connection between the exponential modal storage operators of linear logic and the eigen functions of dynamic differential operators. Particularly suggestive are possible relations between complexity result for linear logic and non-computability results for dynamical systems.

  6. On Structural Completeness of Tabular Superintuitionistic Logics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Citkin, Alexander

    2015-01-01

    As usual, the superintuitionistic (propositional) logics (that is, logics extending intuitionistic logic) are being studied “modulo derivability”, meaning such logics are viewed extensionally — they are identified with the set of formulae that are valid (derivable in the corresponding calculus) in

  7. Temporal logics and real time expert systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Blom, J.A.

    1996-01-01

    This paper introduces temporal logics. Due to the eternal compromise between expressive adequacy and reasoning efficiency that must decided upon in any application, full (first order logic or modal logic based) temporal logics are frequently not suitable. This is especially true in real time expert

  8. Is neurofeedback effectief bij kinderen met ADHD?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Hen, M.H.; Geurts, H.M.

    2008-01-01

    Kan neurofeedback verantwoord ingezet worden bij de behandeling van kinderen met ADHD? Omdeze vraag te beantwoorden worden zeven recente onderzoeken naar de effectiviteit van neurofeedback bij kinderen met ADHD geanalyseerd. Ondanks dat de resultaten in eerste instantie lijken te suggereren dat

  9. Breaking the fault tree circular logic

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Lankin, M.

    2000-01-01

    Event tree - fault tree approach to model failures of nuclear plants as well as of other complex facilities is noticeably dominant now. This approach implies modeling an object in form of unidirectional logical graph - tree, i.e. graph without circular logic. However, genuine nuclear plants intrinsically demonstrate quite a few logical loops (circular logic), especially where electrical systems are involved. This paper shows the incorrectness of existing practice of circular logic breaking by elimination of part of logical dependencies and puts forward a formal algorithm, which enables the analyst to correctly model the failure of complex object, which involves logical dependencies between system and components, in form of fault tree. (author)

  10. Proposal for the Formalization of Dialectical Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Luis Usó-Doménech

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Classical logic is typically concerned with abstract analysis. The problem for a synthetic logic is to transcend and unify available data to reconstruct the object as a totality. Three rules are proposed to pass from classic logic to synthetic logic. We present the category logic of qualitative opposition using examples from various sciences. This logic has been defined to include the neuter as part of qualitative opposition. The application of these rules to qualitative opposition, and, in particular, its neuter, demonstrated that a synthetic logic allows the truth of some contradictions. This synthetic logic is dialectical with a multi-valued logic, which gives every proposition a truth value in the interval [0,1] that is the square of the modulus of a complex number. In this dialectical logic, contradictions of the neuter of an opposition may be true.

  11. A Resolution Prover for Coalition Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Nalon, Cláudia; Zhang, Lan; Dixon, Clare; Hustadt, Ullrich

    2014-01-01

    We present a prototype tool for automated reasoning for Coalition Logic, a non-normal modal logic that can be used for reasoning about cooperative agency. The theorem prover CLProver is based on recent work on a resolution-based calculus for Coalition Logic that operates on coalition problems, a normal form for Coalition Logic. We provide an overview of coalition problems and of the resolution-based calculus for Coalition Logic. We then give details of the implementation of CLProver and prese...

  12. A vindication of logical necessity against scepticism

    OpenAIRE

    Philie, Patrice

    2002-01-01

    Some philosophers dispute the claim that there is a notion of logical necessity involved in the concept of logical consequence. They are sceptical about logical necessity. They argue that a proper characterisation of logical consequence - of what follows from what - need not and should not appeal to the notion of necessity at all. Quine is the most prominent philosopher holding such a view. In this doctoral dissertation, I argue that scepticism about logical necessity is not successful. Quine...

  13. PERILAKU BERISIKO KESEHATAN DAN FAKTOR YANG MEMPENGARUHINYA PADA REMAJA SEKOLAH MENENGAH PERTAMA DI JAWA DAN SUMATRA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rachmalina Soerachman

    2016-09-01

    . Responden penelitian adalah pelajar usia13-15 tahun di 49 sekolah di Pulau Jawa dan Sumatra yang dipilih berdasarkan stratified random sampling.Pengumpulan data dilakukan dengan pengisian kuesioner oleh pelajar sendiri. Analisa data menggunakanEpi-info. Sebanyak 10.9% - 21.6% of pelajar laki-laki di Jawa-Sumatra merokok sehari atau lebih darisehari dalam jangka waktu sebulan terakhir. Diantara pelajar yang merokok tersebut, 71.1% diantara mulaimerokok umur 13 bahkan sebelum umur 13 tahun. Sebanyak 37%-41% pelajar di Jawa-Sumatra pernahberkelahi sekali atau lebih dalam kurun waktu setahun terakhir. Prevalens perilaku berkelahi lebih tinggipada pelajar laki-laki dari pada pelajar perempuan. Sebagian besar masalah kesehatan pelajar ternyatamasih kurang mendapat perhatian dari kesehatan masyarakat. Temuan diatas perlu mendapat tindak lanjutlebih khusus dan ditujukan pada pelajar, terutama mengenai perilaku hidup bersih dan sehat yang sesuaidengan tingkatan pelajar. Hal ini untuk mencegah timbulnya penyakit tidak menular akibat perilakuberisiko tersebut.Kata kunci: factor risiko perilaku, pelajar, penyakit tidak menular

  14. PERAN GENDER PEREMPUAN TERHADAP PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI DI PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH TAHUN 2008-2012

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Frestiana Dyah Mulasari

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Kesenjangan antara perempuan dan laki-laki di Provinsi Jawa Tengah masih tinggi baik dalam bidang kesehatan, pendidikan, dan ketenagakerjaan. Semakin tumbuhnya perekonomian justru membuat kaum perempuan semakin terpinggirkan dan masuk semakin dalam pada kemiskinan. Oleh karena itu, perlu diteliti tentang peran gender perempuan terhadap pertumbuhan ekonomi di Jawa Tengah dilihat dari Angka Harapan Hidup Perempuan, Rata-rata Lama Sekolah Perempuan, dan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja Perempuan. Permasalahan dalam penelitian ini adalah bagaimana peran Gender Perempuan dilihat dari sisi kesehatan yaitu Angka Harapan Hidup Perempuan, Rata-rata Lama Sekolah Perempuan dari sisi pendidikan, dan Tingkat Partisipasi Angkatan Kerja Perempuan dari sisi ketenagakerjaan terhadap Pertumbuhan Ekonomi Di Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 2008-2012. Metode pengumpulan data dalam penelitian ini adalah menggunakan metode dokumentasi dengan jenis data sekunder. Metode analisis data yang digunakan dalam penelitian ini adalah analisis statistik deskriptif.Kesimpulan yang dapat diambil dalam penelitian ini adalah peran perempuan dilihat dari angka harapan hidup perempuan memiliki nilai yang lebih baik dibandingkan laki-laki, rata-rata lama sekolah perempuan masih berada di bawah rata-rata lama sekolah laki-laki, tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja perempuan masih di bawah tingkat partisipasi angkatan kerja laki-laki. Saran dalam penelitian ini adalah peningkatan dalam pendidikan perempuan, pendidikan dan kesehatan perempuan adalah dua hal yang saling berkaitan. Apabila perempuan pendidikannya baik maka kelak generasi penerus akan memiliki kualitas yang baik pula. Dalam ketenagakerjaan adalah dilakukan peninjauan kembali kebijakan yang membuat perempuan termarginalkan dalam dunia kerja.  Discrepancy between man and woman in Central Java which still high in health, education, and employment areas. The growing economy makes women increasingly marginalized in deeper poverty

  15. Word je met Donkey Konga een betere muzikant? : Muziek leren spelen met de spelcomputer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tom Langhorst

    2010-01-01

    Kan de spelcomputer behulpzaam zijn bij de ontwikkeling van het muzikale gevoel? Met die vraag in het achterhoofd bekijkt Tom Langhorst hier kritisch het Nintendo-spel Donkey Konga, waarin de speler mee kan drummen met bekende popsongs.

  16. A new hierarchy of infinitary logics in abstract algebraic logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Lávička, Tomáš; Noguera, Carles

    2017-01-01

    Roč. 105, č. 3 (2017), s. 521-551 ISSN 0039-3215 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-14654S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 689176 - SYSMICS Institutional support: RVO:67985556 ; RVO:67985807 Keywords : Abstract algebraic logic * consequence relations * infinitary logics * completeness properties Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics; BA - General Mathematics (UIVT-O) OBOR OECD: Pure mathematics; Computer sciences, information science, bioinformathics (hardware development to be 2.2, social aspect to be 5.8) (UIVT-O) Impact factor: 0.589, year: 2016 http://library.utia.cas.cz/separaty/2017/MTR/noguera-0469118.pdf

  17. Fuzzy logic of Aristotelian forms

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Perlovsky, L.I. [Nichols Research Corp., Lexington, MA (United States)

    1996-12-31

    Model-based approaches to pattern recognition and machine vision have been proposed to overcome the exorbitant training requirements of earlier computational paradigms. However, uncertainties in data were found to lead to a combinatorial explosion of the computational complexity. This issue is related here to the roles of a priori knowledge vs. adaptive learning. What is the a-priori knowledge representation that supports learning? I introduce Modeling Field Theory (MFT), a model-based neural network whose adaptive learning is based on a priori models. These models combine deterministic, fuzzy, and statistical aspects to account for a priori knowledge, its fuzzy nature, and data uncertainties. In the process of learning, a priori fuzzy concepts converge to crisp or probabilistic concepts. The MFT is a convergent dynamical system of only linear computational complexity. Fuzzy logic turns out to be essential for reducing the combinatorial complexity to linear one. I will discuss the relationship of the new computational paradigm to two theories due to Aristotle: theory of Forms and logic. While theory of Forms argued that the mind cannot be based on ready-made a priori concepts, Aristotelian logic operated with just such concepts. I discuss an interpretation of MFT suggesting that its fuzzy logic, combining a-priority and adaptivity, implements Aristotelian theory of Forms (theory of mind). Thus, 2300 years after Aristotle, a logic is developed suitable for his theory of mind.

  18. Strategies and logics of internationalization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mahjouba Ben Salem

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The race between firms to acquire capacities worldwide has evolved in a chronological order which centered at first around products, then around position to move later on to skills and to focus currently on networks. Similarly, when observing the evolution of the different international development strategies, it was found out that they have started by the exportation and the setting up of production subsidiaries to move more recently to such strategies as mergers & acquisitions and international alliances. The present paper investigates the relationship between the internationalization strategies and logics and comes to the conclusion that, a particular logic is behind every choice made. Indeed, the present work was conducted within the Tunisian food enterprises and helped confirm this hypothesis as it was found out that the position logic is behind the choice of exportation and the creation of production subsidiaries while the choice of partnership is based on the logic of skills. The option for merger, on the other hand, is motivated by the networks logic.

  19. A Look at Informal Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Iryna Khomenko

    2018-04-01

    Full Text Available The challenges of the global time require new solutions and up-to-date ways of thinking and communication. These challenges call for the ability to use critical thinking to face the ever-changing world and the ability to maintain a dialog based on the effective skills of communication. Studies in the fields of logic and argumentation theory are of particular importance in this regard. Nowadays they can be presented as a mix of theoretical and practical approaches. In this paper, I will present my reflections on informal logic, which was formed in the late 1970s. Unfortunately, in spite of numerous papers, books, and text-books published over the last forty years, consensus on many issues in this field has not been achieved so far. Therefore, it is difficult to treat informal logic as one of the well-defined approaches to argumentation. The goal of this paper is to take a look at the place of informal logic in state-of-the art study of argumentation by clarifying its subject matter and figuring out the realm to which informal logic belongs.

  20. Instrumen Musik Barat dan Gamelan Jawa dalam Iringan Tari Keraton Yogyakarta

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R.M. Surtihadi

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Perpaduan instrumen musik Barat dengan instrumen gamelan Jawa untukmengiringi tari di Keraton Yogyakarta sudah berlangsung sejak lampau. Hingga saatini perpaduan tersebut masih dapat dijumpai. Bermula dari peristiwa kontak budayaBarat dan Timur, instrumen musik Barat telah menjadi bagian dari kelengkapanupacara protokoler Keraton Yogyakarta. Tujuan penulisan ini untuk membuat kajianhistoris perpaduan gamelan Jawa dengan seperangkat instrumen musik orkestraBarat untuk mengiringi pertunjukan tari putri pada bagian kapang-kapang Bedhaya,Srimpi, dan tari putra Lawung Ageng Keraton Yogyakarta. Beberapa instrumenmusik Barat seperti instrumen genderang, tambur (percussion section, instrumengesek (string sections, instrumen tiup kayu (woodwind sections dan tiup logam (brasssections digunakan dalam mengiringi tarian-tarian tersebut di atas. Metode kualitatifanalisis data dipakai untuk mengupas masalah ini. Namun, pendekatan sosial-politikjuga akan dipakai dalam mengulas permasalahan yang terkait. Berdasarkan penelitianini dapat disimpulkan bahwa dampak peristiwa intrik politik yang terjadi di keratonterbukti telah memengaruhi kehidupan keseniannya. Kebutuhan upacara protokoleryang merupakan kegiatan rutin pada saat itu dilengkapi dengan berbagai macamsajian pertunjukan musik untuk menambah hidup suasana pesta dansa dengandiiringi musik berirama waltz.   Blend of Western Musical Instruments and Javanese Gamelan in DanceAccompaniment and Protocol Ceremonies of Keraton Yogyakarta. Westernmusical intruments have been combined with the Javanese gamelan instruments toaccompany dances performed in Keraton Yogyakarta (the Yogyakarta Palace. It startedwith the coming of the Western culture which then ‘interacting’ with the East. Sincethen, the Western musical instruments have completed the protocol ceremonies held byKeraton Yogyakarta. The objective to be obtained with this research is to historicallystudy the blend of the Javanese gamelan with the Western

  1. STATUS PEMANFAATAN DAN MUSIM PENANGKAPAN IKAN TENGGIRI (Scomberomorus spp. DI LAUT JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kamaluddin Kasim

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Ikan tenggiri (Scomberomorus spp. di Laut Jawa merupakan jenis ikan pelagis ekonomis penting yang banyak dieksploitasi karena permintaan dan harga yang tinggi. Agar pengelolaan dapat dilakukan dengan benar maka   diperlukan informasi mengenai status pemanfaatan dan musim penangkapannya. Data primer untuk  penelitian ini diperoleh dengan metode wawancara sedangkan data sekunder dikumpulkan melalui pencatatan hasil tangkapan ikan tenggiri periode 1999-2012 oleh enumerator di PPN Pekalongan dan kajian hasil peneitian terdahulu. Metode analisis model surplus produksi dan indeks musim penangkapan digunakan dalam penelitian ini. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY ikan tenggiri di Laut Jawa sebesar 438 ton sedangkan effort maksimum sebesar 1000 trip setara jaring insang (gill net < 30 GT. Nilai CPUE cenderung menurun selama periode tahun 1999 hingga tahun 2012 yakni sebesar 1,73 ton/trip pada tahun 2005 menjadi hanya sebesar 0,37 ton/trip pada tahun 2011. Indeks musim Penangkapan (IMP menunjukkan bahwa ikan tenggiri melimpah pada periode Maret sampai dengan Juni dan periode Oktober hingga Desember sepanjang tahun. Narrow-barred spanish mackerel (Scomberomorous commerson is an economically important pelagic species in Java Sea that continue to be exploited due to the high demand and prices. The research regarding status of utilization and fishing season was conducted in order to obtain the optimal efforts and sustainable management. The research was conducted through interviews method to fishermen while the secondary data collected during the period of 1999-2012 through field enumerators in PPN Pekalongan as well as reviewing previous research studies. The results showed that Maximum Sustainable Yield (MSY was 243.5 tons, while the maximum effort as much as 1000 trips equivalent to gill nets. Catch Per Unit Effort (CPUE was declined during the period 1999 through 2012 of 0.251 tons / trip in 2005 became 0.052 tons

  2. Hibriditas Medium pada Film Opera Jawa Karya Garin Nugroho sebagai Sebuah Dekonstruksi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Riksa Belasunda

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Di tengah penyeragaman ide, gagasan, pesan, dan estetika pada film-film nasional, menarik menjadikan film Opera Jawa karya Garin Nugroho sebagai obyek penelitian sekaligus menjadi alasan kenapa penelitian ini dilakukan. Penelitian ini sebagai upaya peningkatan peran aktif produktif penonton dalam memahami dan memaknai teks film. Dengan fokus bagaimana pesan dan makna tersebut dibaca melalui elemen-elemen visual teks film yang dikonstruksi oleh keragaman penggunaan medium. Penelitian dilakukan dengan pendekatan estetika posmodern melalui metode semiotika dengan teknik deskriptif interpretatif. Membongkar struktur kode bahasa film, melalui analisis struktur dramatik naratif dan unsur pembentuk film, yang berkaitan dengan aspek non-verbal berupa tanda-tanda elemen visual dan gerak pada shot film. Elemen-elemen tersebut dikonstruksi oleh pilihan medium ungkap yang menjadi gaya ungkap (ekspresi sineas dalam menyampaikan pesannya. Ekspresi sineas dalam menyampaikan ide gagasan, dan konsep tersebut, berupa idiom estetik parodi, dengan pelencengan makna, eksplorasi medium (hibriditas medium, dan gaya ungkap, sebagai kritik atau sindiran atas bentuk yang dijadikan rujukan. Lewat film ini, Garin Nugroho melakukan dekonstruksi terhadap tokoh-tokoh, ruang, pesan dan makna, serta narasi dari epik Ramayana karya Walmiki yang menjadi rujukannya. Merefleksikan persoalan gender, feminisme, dominasi maskulinitas, dominasi kekuasaan, pertentangan kelas, dan kapitalisme. Kata kunci: hibriditas medium; semiotika film postmodern; dekonstruksi.In the midst of the ideas, concepts, messages, and aesthetics uniformity at national films, it is interesting to make Opera Jawa movie by Garin Nugroho the object of study. That is the reason why the study was conducted. The research was an effort to improve the audience's productive and active role in understanding and interpreting the subtitles by focusing on how to read the message and meaning through subtitles constructed by

  3. Logical foundation of quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Stachow, E.W.

    1980-01-01

    The subject of this article is the reconstruction of quantum mechanics on the basis of a formal language of quantum mechanical propositions. During recent years, research in the foundations of the language of science has given rise to a dialogic semantics that is adequate in the case of a formal language for quantum physics. The system of sequential logic which is comprised by the language is more general than classical logic; it includes the classical system as a special case. Although the system of sequential logic can be founded without reference to the empirical content of quantum physical propositions, it establishes an essential part of the structure of the mathematical formalism used in quantum mechanics. It is the purpose of this paper to demonstrate the connection between the formal language of quantum physics and its representation by mathematical structures in a self-contained way. (author)

  4. Coinductive Logic Programming with Negation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Min, Richard; Gupta, Gopal

    We introduce negation into coinductive logic programming (co-LP) via what we term Coinductive SLDNF (co-SLDNF) resolution. We present declarative and operational semantics of co-SLDNF resolution and present their equivalence under the restriction of rationality. Co-LP with co-SLDNF resolution provides a powerful, practical and efficient operational semantics for Fitting's Kripke-Kleene three-valued logic with restriction of rationality. Further, applications of co-SLDNF resolution are also discussed and illustrated where Co-SLDNF resolution allows one to develop elegant implementations of modal logics. Moreover it provides the capability of non-monotonic inference (e.g., predicate Answer Set Programming) that can be used to develop novel and effective first-order modal non-monotonic inference engines.

  5. Logic, probability, and human reasoning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson-Laird, P N; Khemlani, Sangeet S; Goodwin, Geoffrey P

    2015-04-01

    This review addresses the long-standing puzzle of how logic and probability fit together in human reasoning. Many cognitive scientists argue that conventional logic cannot underlie deductions, because it never requires valid conclusions to be withdrawn - not even if they are false; it treats conditional assertions implausibly; and it yields many vapid, although valid, conclusions. A new paradigm of probability logic allows conclusions to be withdrawn and treats conditionals more plausibly, although it does not address the problem of vapidity. The theory of mental models solves all of these problems. It explains how people reason about probabilities and postulates that the machinery for reasoning is itself probabilistic. Recent investigations accordingly suggest a way to integrate probability and deduction. Copyright © 2015 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Met1-linked Ubiquitination in Immune Signalling

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fiil, Berthe Katrine; Gyrd-Hansen, Mads

    2014-01-01

    Methionine 1-linked ubiquitin chains (Met1-Ub), or linear ubiquitin, has emerged as a central post-translational modification in innate immune signalling. Molecular machinery that assembles, senses and, more recently, disassembles Met1-Ub has been identified, and technical advances have enabled...... identification of physiological substrates for Met1-Ub in response to activation of innate immune receptors. These discoveries have significantly advanced our understanding of how non-degradative ubiquitin modifications control pro-inflammatory responses mediated by nuclear factor κB and mitogen...

  7. Mars MetNet Mission Payload Overview

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harri, A.-M.; Haukka, H.; Alexashkin, S.; Guerrero, H.; Schmidt, W.; Genzer, M.; Vazquez, L.

    2012-09-01

    A new kind of planetary exploration mission for Mars is being developed in collaboration between the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Lavochkin Association (LA), Space Research Institute (IKI) and Institutio Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA). The Mars MetNet mission [1] is based on a new semi-hard landing vehicle called MetNet Lander (MNL). The scientific payload of the Mars MetNet Precursor mission is divided into three categories: Atmospheric instruments, Optical devices and Composition and structure devices. Each of the payload instruments will provide crucial scientific data about the Martian atmospheric phenomena.

  8. Classical Syllogisms in Logic Teaching

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Øhrstrøm, Peter; Sandborg-Petersen, Ulrik; Thorvaldsen, Steinar

    2013-01-01

    This paper focuses on the challenges of introducing classical syllogisms in university courses in elementary logic and human reasoning. Using a program written in Prolog+CG, some empirical studies have been carried out involving three groups of students in Denmark; one group of philosophy students...... have a tendency correctly to assess valid syllogisms as such more often than correctly assessing invalid syllogisms as such. It is also investigated to what extent the students have improved their skills in practical reasoning by attending the logic courses. Finally, some open questions regarding...

  9. The logical foundations of mathematics

    CERN Document Server

    Hatcher, William S

    1981-01-01

    The Logical Foundations of Mathematics offers a study of the foundations of mathematics, stressing comparisons between and critical analyses of the major non-constructive foundational systems. The position of constructivism within the spectrum of foundational philosophies is discussed, along with the exact relationship between topos theory and set theory.Comprised of eight chapters, this book begins with an introduction to first-order logic. In particular, two complete systems of axioms and rules for the first-order predicate calculus are given, one for efficiency in proving metatheorems, and

  10. Symmetric normalisation for intuitionistic logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Guenot, Nicolas; Straßburger, Lutz

    2014-01-01

    We present two proof systems for implication-only intuitionistic logic in the calculus of structures. The first is a direct adaptation of the standard sequent calculus to the deep inference setting, and we describe a procedure for cut elimination, similar to the one from the sequent calculus......, but using a non-local rewriting. The second system is the symmetric completion of the first, as normally given in deep inference for logics with a DeMorgan duality: all inference rules have duals, as cut is dual to the identity axiom. We prove a generalisation of cut elimination, that we call symmetric...

  11. Sequential logic analysis and synthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Cavanagh, Joseph

    2007-01-01

    Until now, there was no single resource for actual digital system design. Using both basic and advanced concepts, Sequential Logic: Analysis and Synthesis offers a thorough exposition of the analysis and synthesis of both synchronous and asynchronous sequential machines. With 25 years of experience in designing computing equipment, the author stresses the practical design of state machines. He clearly delineates each step of the structured and rigorous design principles that can be applied to practical applications. The book begins by reviewing the analysis of combinatorial logic and Boolean a

  12. An exercise in 'anhomomorphic logic'

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Sorkin, Rafael D

    2007-01-01

    A classical logic exhibits a threefold inner structure comprising an algebra of propositions U, a space of 'truth values' V, and a distinguished family of mappings φ from propositions to truth values. Classically U is a Boolean algebra, V = Z 2 , and the admissible maps φ: U Z 2 are homomorphisms. If one admits a larger set of maps, one obtains an anhomomorphic logic that seems better suited to quantal reality (and the needs of quantum gravity). I explain these ideas and illustrate them with three simple examples

  13. Logic programming and metadata specifications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lopez, Antonio M., Jr.; Saacks, Marguerite E.

    1992-01-01

    Artificial intelligence (AI) ideas and techniques are critical to the development of intelligent information systems that will be used to collect, manipulate, and retrieve the vast amounts of space data produced by 'Missions to Planet Earth.' Natural language processing, inference, and expert systems are at the core of this space application of AI. This paper presents logic programming as an AI tool that can support inference (the ability to draw conclusions from a set of complicated and interrelated facts). It reports on the use of logic programming in the study of metadata specifications for a small problem domain of airborne sensors, and the dataset characteristics and pointers that are needed for data access.

  14. Design and experimentation of BSFQ logic devices

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hosoki, T.; Kodaka, H.; Kitagawa, M.; Okabe, Y.

    1999-01-01

    Rapid single flux quantum (RSFQ) logic needs synchronous pulses for each gate, so the clock-wiring problem is more serious when designing larger scale circuits with this logic. So we have proposed a new SFQ logic which follows Boolean algebra perfectly by using set and reset pulses. With this logic, the level information of current input is transmitted with these pulses generated by level-to-pulse converters, and each gate calculates logic using its phase level made by these pulses. Therefore, our logic needs no clock in each gate. We called this logic 'Boolean SFQ (BSFQ) logic'. In this paper, we report design and experimentation for an AND gate with inverting input based on BSFQ logic. The experimental results for OR and XOR gates are also reported. (author)

  15. Logical space and the origins of pluralism in logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Arazim, Pavel

    -, č. 2 (2017), s. 7-26 ISSN 0567-8293 R&D Projects: GA ČR(CZ) GA17-15645S Institutional support: RVO:67985955 Keywords : pluralism * expressivism * logical space * geometry * holism Subject RIV: AA - Philosophy ; Religion OBOR OECD: Philosophy, History and Philosophy of science and technology

  16. Gesloten kringloop met omgekeerde osmose of membraandestilatie

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Stijger, H.; Os, van E.A.

    2011-01-01

    TNO heeft samen met Wageningen UR Glastuinbouw een inventarisatie uitgevoerd naar geschikte zuiveringstechnieken om de waterstroom op tuinbouwbedrijven gesloten te krijgen. Uit de haalbaarheidstudie komen twee veelbelovende technieken naar voren die op vrij korte termijn inzetbaar zijn: omgekeerde

  17. Mars MetNet Mission Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harri, A.-M.; Aleksashkin, S.; Arruego, I.; Schmidt, W.; Genzer, M.; Vazquez, L.; Haukka, H.; Palin, M.; Nikkanen, T.

    2015-10-01

    New kind of planetary exploration mission for Mars is under development in collaboration between the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Lavochkin Association (LA), Space Research Institute (IKI) and Institutio Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA). The Mars MetNet mission is based on a new semihard landing vehicle called MetNet Lander (MNL). The scientific payload of the Mars MetNet Precursor [1] mission is divided into three categories: Atmospheric instruments, Optical devices and Composition and structure devices. Each of the payload instruments will provide significant insights in to the Martian atmospheric behavior. The key technologies of the MetNet Lander have been qualified and the electrical qualification model (EQM) of the payload bay has been built and successfully tested.

  18. Mars MetNet Precursor Mission Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harri, A.-M.; Aleksashkin, S.; Guerrero, H.; Schmidt, W.; Genzer, M.; Vazquez, L.; Haukka, H.

    2013-09-01

    We are developing a new kind of planetary exploration mission for Mars in collaboration between the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Lavochkin Association (LA), Space Research Institute (IKI) and Institutio Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA). The Mars MetNet mission is based on a new semi-hard landing vehicle called MetNet Lander (MNL). The scientific payload of the Mars MetNet Precursor [1] mission is divided into three categories: Atmospheric instruments, Optical devices and Composition and structure devices. Each of the payload instruments will provide significant insights in to the Martian atmospheric behavior. The key technologies of the MetNet Lander have been qualified and the electrical qualification model (EQM) of the payload bay has been built and successfully tested.

  19. Bio-composiet : Thermoplastische kunsstof met natuurvezels

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beurden, van K.M.M. (Karin); Goselink, E.A. (Erik)

    2013-01-01

    Een biocomposiet wordt samengesteld uit een vezel en een hars. In dit document worden twee verwerkingsvormen van biocomposieten behandeld: - Vezel/poeder versterkt kunststof (granulaat); - Kunststof plaatmateriaal versterkt met een weefsel (laminaat), ook wel Sizopreg® genoemd. Door een

  20. Intern transport beter te plannen met computer

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Annevelink, E.

    1999-01-01

    Verbetering van intern transport in de potplantenteelt. Door getoetste vuistregels te combineren met toegepaste wiskunde is automatische planning van het intern transport binnen handbereik. Dit leidt tot minder transportbewegingen en tijdsbesparing bij het plannen

  1. Fosfaatwerking ogranische meststoffen vergelijkbaar met kunstmest

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ehlert, P.A.I.; Pasterkamp, H.P.

    2000-01-01

    Gegevens in bijgaande tabel: Indicatieve fosfaatgehalten en de relatieve verdeling over mineraalfosfaat en organisch gebonden fosfaat in meststoffen met per mestsoort gegevens over het totaal fosfaatgehalte, het percentage mineraal fosfaat en het percentage organisch fosfaat

  2. Technisch lego met een Duplo-interface

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pimentel, A.; Schipper, D.

    2008-01-01

    Daedalus is een ontwerpflow op systeemniveau waarmee techneuten snel kunnen experimenteren met verschillende multiprocessorarchitecturen tijdens de vroege stadia van het ontwerptraject. Het is het resultaat van tien jaar onderzoek en ontwikkeling binnen de Progress-projecten Artemis en Artemisia.

  3. Extraboard performance : TriMet case study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-02-01

    This paper examines extraboard operations and management at TriMet, the transit provider for the Portland Oregon metropolitan area. The : extraboard consists of a pool of operators who fill open work resulting from absences and other causes. The pape...

  4. MMPM - Mars MetNet Precursor Mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harri, A.-M.; Schmidt, W.; Pichkhadze, K.; Linkin, V.; Vazquez, L.; Uspensky, M.; Polkko, J.; Genzer, M.; Lipatov, A.; Guerrero, H.; Alexashkin, S.; Haukka, H.; Savijarvi, H.; Kauhanen, J.

    2008-09-01

    We are developing a new kind of planetary exploration mission for Mars - MetNet in situ observation network based on a new semi-hard landing vehicle called the Met-Net Lander (MNL). The eventual scope of the MetNet Mission is to deploy some 20 MNLs on the Martian surface using inflatable descent system structures, which will be supported by observations from the orbit around Mars. Currently we are working on the MetNet Mars Precursor Mission (MMPM) to deploy one MetNet Lander to Mars in the 2009/2011 launch window as a technology and science demonstration mission. The MNL will have a versatile science payload focused on the atmospheric science of Mars. Detailed characterization of the Martian atmospheric circulation patterns, boundary layer phenomena, and climatology cycles, require simultaneous in-situ measurements by a network of observation posts on the Martian surface. The scientific payload of the MetNet Mission encompasses separate instrument packages for the atmospheric entry and descent phase and for the surface operation phase. The MetNet mission concept and key probe technologies have been developed and the critical subsystems have been qualified to meet the Martian environmental and functional conditions. Prototyping of the payload instrumentation with final dimensions was carried out in 2003-2006.This huge development effort has been fulfilled in collaboration between the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), the Russian Lavoschkin Association (LA) and the Russian Space Research Institute (IKI) since August 2001. Currently the INTA (Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial) from Spain is also participating in the MetNet payload development. To understand the behavior and dynamics of the Martian atmosphere, a wealth of simultaneous in situ observations are needed on varying types of Martian orography, terrain and altitude spanning all latitudes and longitudes. This will be performed by the Mars MetNet Mission. In addition to the science aspects the

  5. EFEK ANTIFERTILITAS EKSTRAK AKAR SOM JAWA (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn. PADA MENCIT (Mus musculus L. JANTAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tetri Widiyani

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Talinum paniculatum Gaertn commonly is used as aphrodisiac herb. Phytosterol, saponin, flavonoid and tannin of the herb have a certain bioactivity and may affect to the body system. The objective of this research was to examine the antifertility effects of sam jawa (Talinum paniculatum Gaertn. root extract (SJRE on male mice (Mus musculus L.. Twenty male mice were divided into 4 groups randomly with 5 replications. SJRE was dissolved in aquadest and given orally everyday for 34 days. The treatment dosages were 0 (control, 100,200, and 300 mg/kg BW. At 35th day mice were sacrificed and sectioned to remove testes and epididymis spermatozoas. Testes were sectioned using paraffin method and stained using Haematoxyllin-Eosin. Spermatogenic cells in each seminiferous tubule were counted to investigated spermatogenesis activity of testes. Epididymis sperm suspension was used to investigate sperm quality i.e: morphology, velocity and motility. Quantitatives data were analized using ANOVA and continued DMRT on 5% significance level. The result showed SJRE had antifertility effects on male mice (Mus musculus L. could inhibit spermatogenesis (decrease the spermatogenic cells count and decrease the sperm quality (increase percentage of abnormal sperm, decrease sperm motility and also decrease sperm velocity.

  6. Kajian Penerapan Produksi Bersih di Industri Tahu di Desa Jimbaran, Bandungan, Jawa Tengah

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Silvy Djayanti

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Peran industri kecil di beberapa wilayah Kabupaten Semarang sangat penting dalam menunjang perekonomian, khususnya di sekitar lokasi industri tersebut. Salah satu industri kecil yang memiliki potensi berkembang adalah industri tahu. Di Jawa tengah ada sekitar 500 industri tahu, yang sampai saat ini masih terus mengembangkan kapasitas produksinya. Industri tahu adalah salah satu industri kecil yang berpotensi menyebabkan masalah lingkungan. Hampir seluruh industri kecil, terutama industri tahu, sebagian besar tidak memiliki instalasi pemanfaatan limbah dan pengolahan limbah, karena dibutuhkan investasi yang besar untuk membangun unit tersebut. Dengan melihat masalah tersebut, pendekatan yang dapat menyelesaikan masalah tersebut adalah dengan cara menerapkan produksi bersih. Kajian penerapan teknologi bersih ini dilakukan dengan metode quick scanning pada setiap tahapan proses produksi. Proses  produksi  tahu terdiri  dari  pemilihan kedelai, penimbangan kedelai, perendaman, pencucian, penggilingan, ekstraksi, penyaringan, pemasakan, penggumpalan, pemisahan whey, pembungkusan, pengepresan, pemasakan, dan pengemasan. Pada proses pembuatan tahu di industri ini memiliki perbedaan dari pembuatan tahu di Industri tahu lain, yaitu terdapat penambahan garam dan bawang putih untuk menambah sedap produk tahu. Hasil kajian penerapan produksi bersih di industri tahu adalah good house keeping, recycle, reduce dan reuse. Berdasarkan beberapa kriteria kelayakan, alternatif penerapan produksi bersih untuk industri ini berupa modifikasi tungku yang dilengkapi dengan cerobong asap, modifikasi alat penyaringan dengan mesin, dan pembangunan instalasi digester untuk penghasil biogas. Kesimpulan kajian ini industri tahu ini belum mengenal produksi bersih. Manfaat yang diperoleh dari penerapan produksi bersih berupa penghematan bahan bakar, peningkatan rendemen filtrat tahu, dan kebersihan lingkungan.

  7. PERLUASAN JANGKAUAN SIARAN STASIUN PEMANCAR DIGITAL TVRI JAWA BARAT DENGAN SISTEM SINGLE FREQUENCY NETWORK (SFN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Trya Agung Pahlevi

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Implementasi penyiaran televisi digital dengan menggunakan media teresterial telah menjadi kenyataan di Indonesia. Sistem penyiaran televisi digital (Digital Video Broadcast over Terrestrial / DVB-T memungkinkan untuk penggunaan Single Frequency Network (SFN, sehingga dapat memperluas wilayah jangkauan siaran dengan menggunakan satu kanal frekuensi. Penelitian yang dilakukan adalah merencanakan koordinat dan parameter teknis sistem SFN DVB-T di wilayah TVRI Jawa Barat, berdasarkan rekomendasi dari akta-akta akhir International Telecommunication Union (ITU dalam Sidang Regional Radiocommunication Conference (RRC-06, untuk mendapatkan jangkauan wilayah yang paling maksimal dan efisien. Simulasi perancangan menggunakan  perangkat lunak "Mobile RF" dan "CHIRplus_BC"dalam menentukan koordinat pemancar, parameter daya dan tinggi pemancar, serta keekonomian perancangan. Hasil akhir dari penelitian adalah dengan sistem SFN dapat meningkatkan wilayah jangkauan siaran dari kondisi awal 11.609.819 orang (persentase coverage population 55,51%, menjadi 12.060.282 orang (persentase coverage population 57,66% sampai dengan 17.563.586 orang (persentase coverage population 83,98%, dengan total jumlah pemirsa adalah 20.914.885  orang.

  8. Diversitas Kelelawar (Chiroptera Penghuni Gua, Studi Gua Ngerong di Kawasan Karst Tuban Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tatag Bagus Putra Prakarsa

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui diversitas kelelawar penghuni gua di gua Ngerong. Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian Nature Snapshop Experiment (NSE. Penelitian ini dilaksanakan pada bulan November - Desember 2011 di gua Ngerong, Desa Rengel, Kecamatan Rengel, Kabupaten Tuban, Jawa Timur. Penangkapan dilakukan dengan metode tangkap langsung. Penangkapan dilakukan dengan menggunakan misnet dan handnet. Kelelawar diidentifikasi berdasarkan pengukuran morfometri dan ciri morfologi mengacu kunci identifikasi Suyanto, 2001 dan Payne et al., 2000. Seluruh data dianalisis secara deskriptif. Di gua Ngerong terdapat 9 spesies dari 4 famili atau 60% dari total spesies kelelawar penghuni gua di kawasan karst Tuban. Enam spesies anggota Subordo Microchiroptera yang merupakan insectivor dan 3 spesies anggota Subordo Megachiroptera yang merupakan frugivor dan nictivor. Keanekaragaman di gua Ngerong tergolong tinggi dengan nilai Simpson's Diversity Index sebesar 0,76. Tingginya diversitas kelelawar penghuni gua Ngerong berbanding lurus dengan panjang lorong gua Ngerong. gua Ngerong merupakan gua terpanjang di kawasan karst Tuban, dengan panjang lorong mencapai 1800m.kata kunci: Kelelawar (Chiroptera, Diversitas, Gua Ngerong, Biospeleologi, Karst

  9. EVALUASI MANAJEMEN PEMBERIAN MINYAK BERIODIUM: STUDI KASUS DI KABUPATEN MALANG, JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syarifudin Latinulu

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Program Nasional penanggulangan masalah gondok endemik (sekarang GAKI berupa pemberian suntikan lipiodol sejak 1974-1992 dan iodisasi/distribusi garam konsumsi bagi desa-desa gondok endemik (1976-sekarang. Sejak Oktober 1992 program pemberian Lipiodol diganti dengan pemberian kapsul minyak beriodium sementara pemasaran garam beriodium tetap dilaksanakan. Keterbatasan Lipiodol, sarana dan dana operasional merupakan kendala serius dalam upaya pencapaian cakupan desa dan penduduk secara luas. Penelitian manajemen distribusi minyak beriodium ini dilakukan agar kendala dan hal-hal negatif yang terjadi pada pemberian Lipiodol tidak terulang pada distribusi Kapsul Iodium. Penelitian dilakukan di Kabupaten Malang, Jawa Timur. Di Kabupaten Malang terdapat 241 desa endemik berat (61.5%, 64 desa (16.3% endemik ringan, 59 desa (15.1% endemik sedang dan 28 desa (7.1% non endemik dari 392 desa yang disurvei sejak tahun 1980-1993. Di daerah ini baru sekitar 20% sasaran yang sudah pernah disuntik Lipiodol yang mendapat suntikan ulang. Pelaksanaan penyuntukan Lipiodol didasarkan atas prinsip atau azas pemerataan. Demikian juga distribusi kapsul minyak beriodium masih menganut "azas pemerataan" karena keterbatasan kapsul, dan masih ada 21% penduduk sasaran di Kabupaten Malang yang belum terjangkau kapsul. Kapsul diperoleh melalui dana APBN dan APBD mengikuti mekanisme perencanaan dari bawah. Terdapat penajaman ibu hamil dan bayi guna mencapai bebas kretin baru dan prevalensi TGR<18% pada tahun 2000.

  10. Analisa Arc Flash Pada Sistem Kelistrikan Di PT. Wilmar Nabati Indonesia, Gresik – Jawa Timur

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aditya Aji Nugroho

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available Studi untuk mengetahui besar busur api yang dihasilkan pada masing-masing switchgear perlu dilakukan untuk mengklasifikasikan kategori energi busur api yang terjadi serta kaitannya dengan PPE (Personal Protective Equipment yang harus dikenakan pekerja sebagai langkah pencegahan agar terhindar dari jatuhnya korban jiwa. Oleh karena itu perlu dilakukan perhitungan insiden energi arc flash sesuai standar IEEE 1584-2002 serta pengklasifikasian kategori dan alat perlindungan diri yang tepat agar memberikan rasa aman dan nyaman bagi para pekerja sehingga dapat bekerja secara optimal. Studi ini akan coba diterapkan pada sistem kelistrikan di PT. Wilmar Nabati Indonesia, Gresik – Jawa Timur mengingat pentingnya perusahaan tersebut mengamankan peralatan serta pekerjanya dari insiden energy arc flash. Hasil yang didapat pada tugas akhir ini adalah pada tipikal 1 nilai insiden energinya mengalami peningkatan yaitu dari 1.988 cal/cm2 menjadi 8.66 cal/cm2, pada tipikal 2 nilai insiden energi tertinggi 19.596 cal/cm2 turun menjadi 6.00 cal/cm2, pada tipikal 3 nilai insiden energi nya mengalami peningkatan yaitu dari 19.596 cal/cm2 menjadi 36.52 cal/cm2 kenaikan ini disebabkan karena terjadi kesalahan koordinasi rele.

  11. Genesis endapan aluvium Dataran Purworejo Jawa Tengah; Implikasinya terhadap sumber daya geologi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sutikno Bronto

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available http://dx.doi.org/10.17014/ijog.vol2no4.20072Purworejo is part of the Southern Central Jawa alluvial plain that is bordered by the South Sera- yu Mountains and Sumbing Volcano in the north, West Progo Mountains in the east, Indian Ocean in the south, and Kebumen-Banyumas plain in the west. This Purworejo plain comprises reworked allu- vial deposits, particularly from Tertiary volcanic rocks of the South Serayu and West Progo Mount- ains, and the Sumbing Quaternary Volcano. In the northern part older reworked material has formed Purworejo alluvial fan in the east and Kutoarjo alluvial fan in the west. Those alluvial fans developed from northeast side of studied area. The central part of Purworejo plain consists of older coastal alluvial deposits which have been covered by recent fluvial deposits that transported by Wawar River in the west, Jali River in the middle, and Bogowonto River in the east. The southern part of Purworejo plain, starting from the Lereng River until present coastal line is composed of younger alluvial coast- al deposits. It is suggested that groundwater resources are abundant under the Purworejo plain, and the young alluvial coastal deposits contain highly potential iron sand and associated minerals.  

  12. PENGARUH KEMISKINAN, PERTUMBUHAN EKONOMI, DAN BELANJA MODAL TERHADAP IPM JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Denni Sulistio Mirza

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study is to know the influences of poverty, economic growth and capital expenditures to the Human Development Index (HDI in Central Java. The result of Panel data regression indicates that poverty significantly and negative related to IPM. The economic growth has positive and significant impact on IPM. Next, the capital expenditures have a positive and significant effect on the HDI. It is recommended that the planning policy of government does not only view the achievement of economic growth but also the target of human development. It is because economic growth has not been able enough to improve the quality of human resources, especially in the aspects of education, health and income.Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah mengetahui seberapa besar pengaruh kemiskinan, pertumbuhan ekonomi dan belanja modal terhadap Indeks Pembangunan Manusia (IPM di Jawa Tengah. Hasil regresi data panel menunjukkan bahwa kemiskinan berpengaruh negatif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. Pertumbuhan ekonomi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM dan belanja modal berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap IPM. Disarankan agar dalam merencanakan kebijakan pemerintah tidak hanya melihat dari pencapaian target peningkatan pertumbuhan ekonomi saja namun juga target peningkatan pembangunan manusia karena pertumbuhan ekonomi sendiri belum memadai untuk meningkatkan kualitas sumber daya manusia terutama pada aspek pendidikan, kesehatan dan pendapatan masyarakat.

  13. Analisis Pembebanan Ekonomis pada Jaringan 500 kV Jawa Bali Menggunakan Software PowerWorld

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badru Tamam Arozaq

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Pada jaringan 500 kV Jawa Bali, PT. PLN (Persero P3B menentukan kombinasi pembangkit yang akan beroperasi pada setiap level beban tertentu. Oleh karena itu, Economic Dispatch (ED atau pembagian pembebanan secara ekonomis dilakukan untuk menghasilkan pembebanan pembangkit yang optimal. Namun, hasil dari Economic Dispatch tersebut belum tentu dapat memenuhi batasan sistem seperti batasan pembakitan generator dan batasan saluran. Untuk itu, Optimal Power Flow (OPF perlu dilakukan dalam rangka pembagian pembebanan secara ekonomis, sekaligus memenuhi batasan-batasan sistem. Pada tugas akhir ini, perhitungan pembagian pembebanan pembangkit dilakukan dengan menggunakan software PowerWorld. Software ini memiliki keunggulan dalam teknik analisis, interaktif, dan disertai dengan grafik, sehingga mempermudah pembaca dalam memahami informasi yang diberikan. Dari hasil pengujian, terbukti bahwa pada keadaan normal ED dan OPF dalam penggunaan software PowerWorld, menghasilkan nilai yang sama yaitu sebesar 662.264,94 $/h. Tetapi pada saat terjadi pelanggaran batas saluran transmisi, hasil simulasi ED lebih murah yaitu sebesar 665.834,06 $/h sedangkan hasil OPF sebesar 863.630,50 $/h.

  14. PERBANDINGAN KINERJA KEUANGAN PEMERINTAH KABUPATEN/KOTA DI PROVINSI JAWA BARAT TAHUN 2009-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jatnika Dwi Asri

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract. This study aims to analyze the comparison of financial performance as well as analyze whether there are differences in financial performance between districts/cities in West Java Province during 2009-2013. The research used the descriptive method with quantitative data analysis technique of financial ratios as well as T test and Mann-Whitney test. The results showed that city government has a higher level of independence ratio than the district. The district effectiveness ratio is very effective with an average of 120.06%. T and Mann-Whitney test results showed no difference between effectiveness ratio, while independence ratio showed the difference. Keyword: Financial performance; Effectiveness Ratio; Independence Ratio   Abstrak.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis perbandingan kinerja keuangan serta menganalisis apakah terdapat perbedaan kinerja keuangan antara kabupaten/kota di Provinsi Jawa Barat selama 2009-2013. Penelitian menggunakan metode deskriptif dengan teknik analisis data kuantitatif rasio keuangan serta uji T dan uji Mann-Whitney. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan pemerintah kota mempunyai tingkat rasio kemandirian lebih tinggi dibandingkan kabupaten. Rasio efektivitas kabupaten/kota sangat efektif dengan rata-rata 120.06%. Hasil uji T dan Mann-Whitney menunjukkan tidak terdapat perbedaan antara rasio efektivitas, sedangkan rasio kemandirian menunjukkan perbedaan. Kata Kunci: Kinerja Keuangan; Rasio Efektivitas; Rasio Kemandirian

  15. KINERJA HUBUNGAN MASYARAKAT PEMERINTAH DAERAH KABUPATEN DAN KOTA DI JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agus Rahmat

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Kebutuhan pemerintah Indonesia atas Humas pemerintah tidak lagi dalam tataran wacana atau sekedar konsep secara keIlmuan, keberadaan Humas pemerintah didorong atas kebutuhan pemerintah untuk menjelaskan apa yang dilakukan oleh pemerintah kepada ,asyarakat guna memperoleh dukungan dan untuk menerangkan apa dan bagaimana yang dilakukan pemerintah sehingga lingkungan masyarakat dalam dan masyarakat luar percaya. sudah sejak lama pemerintah di Indonesia termasuk pemerintah daerah memiliki Humas pemerintah, bahkan khusus di lingkungan pemerintah, profesi ini tergabung dalam wadah BakoHumas. Fakta yang ada dan berkembang mengisyaratkan sekaligus mempertanyakan mengenai kinerja Humas Pemerintah selama ini. Penelitian ini dilakukan dengan tujuan untuk mendeskripsi kinerja Humas pemerintah khususnya Humas Pemerintah kabupaten dan kota di Jawa Barat. Untuk mencapai tujuan penelitian, metode yang digunakan adalah deskriptif dengan teknik pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui penyebaran angket. Temuan dari penelitian ini memperlihatkan bahwa: pertama, kinerja Humas pemerintah lebih banyak menerimaan teguran dibanding pujian/penghargaan atas hasil kerja; kedua, pegawai di bagian Humas pemerintah sangat sedikit yang berlatar belakang pendidikan formal komunikasi, terlebih lulusan keHumasan selain itu pegawai juga jarang mendapat pendidikan non formal bidang keHumasan; ketiga, aktivitas Humas pemerintah lebih tertumpu pada kegiatan rutin berupa penyediaan informasi bagi media. Konsekuens dari temuan penelitian ini adalah perlunya pengembangan kompetensi pegawai Humas pemerintah melalui linieritas bidang kerja dan pendidikan bagi pegawai baru dan pelatihan bidang keHumasan bagi petugas yang sudah ada. DOI: 10.24198/jkk.vol4n2.2

  16. KOSMOLOGI RUANG ADAT SEBAGAI IDENTITAS PEMUKIMAN KAMPUNG NAGA, TASIKMALAYA - JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Meta Khairunnisa

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available [Title: Traditional Cosmologycal Space as Kampung Naga Setlement Identity, Tasikmalaya - Jawa Barat] Located far from the city, an architectural masterpiece grows and developes in traditional settlement. The form and settlement identity merges with emotional’s people inside that not only creates an identity but also influences in the development of surrounding area . local wisdom is created from local identity and cultural that becomes soul and character of the settlement (Haryanto,2007:89. Place is created by experience memories in the past that makes the familiar space and indepth meaning (Tuan,2010:73. Kampung Naga is one of the Sundanesse traditional settlement in West Java that maintains the culture and local wisdom, nevertheless globalisation begin to influences the meaning of cultural space inside. Its has a cosmology cocept, proper behaviour and religion that is created naturally and transmitted orally from generation to generation.The research is to understand cultural themes in Kampung Naga as an identity of Naga’s people. Etnography metodology is used to describe the space indepth and connectivity of the meaning. Cultural spaces that is created from cosmologycal persception and traditional low are Pamali space, Sacred Space and Gender space, the elements of space inside give indepth meaning and create local identity of Sundanese people.

  17. TINGKAT KEBERHASILAN PENANAMAN POHON MANGROVE (KASUS: PESISIR PULAU UNTUNG JAWA KEPULAUAN SERIBU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adi Winata

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Increasing land demand for human life tends to lead the most transitional allotment of land conservation in the coastal zone into settlements, ports, aquaculture, and other means of livelihood. Including mangrove ecosystem in coastal region of Kepulauan Seribu. The purpose of study was to measure success rate of mangrove trees planting and growth rate of mangrove trees. The design of the study was exploratory research using a quantitative approach. The population were mangrove trees which was planted at Community Services Program Universitas Terbuka on October 28th 2013. The mangrove species is Rhizophora mucronata. Sample was determained from some land areas with created plot survei (3 x 3 m in 10 locations at Untung Jawa Island. Data yang dikumpulkan pada penelitian ini adalah data primer dan sekunder. Data were collected using survey method, and presented in the form of frequency tables and descriptions, and analyzed descriptively. Data was be primary data including the number of mangrove trees, mangrove tree height, number of leaves, leaf length, and leaf width. The results indicated that the success rate of mangrove tress planting reached 72%. This was indicated that Rhizophora mucronata had fairly wide range of habitats, hence it is easy to live in the research location. Overall, the growth rate of mangrove trees showed good results, in terms of tree height, number of leaves, leaf length and leaf width.

  18. Pengaruh PDRB, Pengangguran, dan Inflasi Terhadap Penyaluran Dana Kredit PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah Tahun 1984-2013

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norma Yuristyana

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available Pegadaian sebagai lembaga keuangan nonbank yang usaha intinya adalah bidang jasa penyaluran dana kredit kepada masyarakat atas dasar hukum gadai yang ditujukkan untuk membiayai investasi perusahaan, kegiatan konsumsi, serta kegiatan distribusi barang dan jasa. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menganalisis seberapa besar pengaruh produk domestik regional bruto, jumlah pengangguran, dan tingkat inflasi terhadap penyaluran dana kredit pada PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah. Penelitian ini menggunakan data sekunder dari Badan Pusat Statistik Provinsi Jawa Tengah tahun 1984 sampai 2013. Variabel penelitian ini produk domestik regional bruto, jumlah pengangguran, dan tingkat inflasi Jawa Tengah. Dalam penelitian ini, digunakan metode penelitian kuantitatif dengan menggunakan analisis regresi linier berganda dengan metode Ordinary Least Square (OLS. Hasil penelitian ini diketahui bahwa produk domestik regional bruto berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana kredit, jumlah pengangguran tidak berpengaruh terhadap penyaluran dana kredit, dan tingkat inflasi berpengaruh positif dan signifikan terhadap penyaluran dana kredit. Variabel produk domestik regional bruto, pengangguran, dan inflasi secara bersama-sama berpengaruh terhadap penyaluran dana kredit PT. Pegadaian (Persero Provinsi Jawa Tengah adapun pengaruhnya secara positif dan signifikan.  Pawnshops as nonbank financial institutions whose core business is credit fund distribution services to the public on the legal basis is recomended to pay the company's investment, consumption activities, as well as the activities of the distribution of goods and services. This study aims to analyze how much influence the gross domestic regional product, unemployment, and inflation rates against the disbursement of credit at Central Java Pawnshops. This study uses secondary data from the Central Statistics Agency of Central Java province from 1984 to 2013. The variables of this study

  19. Peran Perguruan Tinggi, Pemerintah dan Investor dalam Membangun Wisata Pedesaan Di Jawa Barat Sebagai Upaya Mengurangi Kemiskinan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dede R Oktini

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Jumlah penduduk miskin di Jawa Barat semakin lama semakin bertambah, sumber  mengatakan bahwa pada bulan Februari  2005 tingkat kemiskinan di Jawa Barat hanya 16 %, sedangkan per Juli 2005 naik menjadi 18,7% dan estimasi sementara untuk maret 2006 mencapai 22 %. (www.bps.co.id. Jumlah penduduk miskin di pedesaan lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan di perkotaan, misalnya saja pada tahun 2005 persentase kemiskinan di perkotaan hanya 11,37 % sedangkan di pedesaan mencapai 19,51 %. Demikian pula pada tahun-tahun sebelumnya jumlah penduduk miskin yang ada di pedesaan selalu lebih tinggi dibandingkan dengan di perkotaan. Fenomena kemiskinan ini juga tampak dari aktivitas sehari-hari yang mana di pedesaan lebih terlihat bahwa banyak orang yang hanya menghabiskan waktu dengan duduk-duduk, sementara gadis dan pemudanya berkumpul di pos-pos ronda mengobrol hal-hal yang kurang bermanfaat. Kondisi buruk seperti ini tentunya tidak bisa dibiarkan dan masyarakat pedesaan khususnya di Jawa Barat tidak bisa tinggal diam hanya mengharapkan belas kasihan dari pemerintah, namun harus segera bergerak untuk berupaya terlepas dari  kemiskinan yang membelenggu. Di setiap daearah di Jawa Barat memiliki potensi yakni lahan pertanian seperti sawah, kebun dan ladang yang hingga saat ini hanya dimanfaatkan sesuai dengan fungsi dasarnya saja yaitu menanam padi dan tanaman lain, padahal sebenarnya lahan-lahan tersebut dapat lebih dimanfaatkan misalnya dijadikan lokasi pariwisata pedesaan tradisional. Namun demikian untuk mewujudkannya tentu diperlukan dukungan dari berbagai pihak yakni Perguruan Tinggi sebagai lembaga ilmiah berperan dalam mengembangkan sumber daya manusia / masyarakat setempat sebagai calon pramuwisata atau calon wirausaha, penghubung antara calon pramuwisata/ wirausahawan dengan pihak investor, sedangkan pemerintah berperan dalam menyediakan infrastruktur seperti jalan raya, listrik serta mendidik masyarakat agar lebih mencintai alam pedesaan. Sedangkan

  20. Learning Model of Unggah-Ungguh Basa Oriented to Noble Behavior in SMP (Junior High School) Jawa Timur (East Java) Indonesia

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sudikan, Setya Yuwana

    2017-01-01

    Learning problem of "unggah-ungguh basa", is very complicated. It is needed reorientation and re-setting the approaches, strategies, methods, techniques, and learning contents that can give rise to a new model of learning of "unggah-ungguh basa" oriented to the character formation of children, especially in Jawa Timur. In…

  1. ANALISIS IT GOVERNANCE DENGAN DOMAIN MEA01 DALAM PELAKSANAAN E-HEALTH MENGGUNAKAN KERANGKA KERJA COBIT 5 PADA DINAS KESEHATAN PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rusyida Baniya Savira

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Teknologi Informasi memiliki peran yang sangat penting untuk mendukung tujuan pencapaian suatu kegiatan dalam organisasi mupun instansi. Apabila pemanfaatan TI sudah berjalan dan mampu berintegrasi dengan baik dengan organisasi, maka TI mampu mendorong terjadinya peningkatan kinerja organisasi. Untuk mendukungnya, dibutuhkan suatu kegiatan monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja suatu organisasi. Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah merupakan suatu instansi pemerintahan yang bertindak sebagai penyelenggara untuk penyediaan layanan kesehatan kepada masyarakat di daerah Jawa Tengah. Permasalahan yang pada Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah adalah dalam pelaksanaan kegiatan pengawasan dan evaluasi masih ditemukan beberapa kekurangan seperti kurang lengkapnya Standart Operational Procedure (SOP mengenai detail proses pengawasan dan penilaian kinerja, proses tata kelola TI yang belum dilakukan secara menyeluruh, serta kurangnya pengawasan dalam peningkatan kebutuhan pemakaian e-health. Dari hasil studi dokumen, wawancara dan kuesioner berdasarkan COBIT 5 dihasilkan level kapabilitas tata kelola proses monitoring, evaluasi, dan penilaian kinerja dan kesesuaian (MEA01 saat ini adalah level 1 yaitu Performed, dengan tingkat pencapaian Largely Achieved sebesar 83,33% atau setara dengan 1,83 yang menunjukkan bahwa proses monitoring kinerja dan kesesuaian yang telah diimplementasikan berhasil mencapai tujuan instansi tetapi masih belum sepenuhnya dikelola dengan baik. Untuk mencapai level kapabilitas 2, dapat dilakukan strategi perbaikan secara bertahap dari proses atribut level 1 sampai 2. Kata kunci: COBIT 5, Analisis Tata Kelola TI, E-health, Proses Monitoring Evaluate and Assess Performance and Conformance (MEA01, Dinas Kesehatan Provinsi Jawa Tengah.

  2. Implicational (semilinear) logics III: completeness properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cintula, Petr; Noguera, Carles

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 57, 3-4 (2018), s. 391-420 ISSN 0933-5846 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-14654S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 689176 - SYSMICS Institutional support: RVO:67985807 ; RVO:67985556 Keywords : abstract algebraic logic * protoalgebraic logics * implicational logics * disjunctional logics * semilinear logics * non-classical logics * completeness theorems * rational completeness Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics; BA - General Mathematics (UTIA-B) OBOR OECD: Computer science s, information science , bioinformathics (hardware development to be 2.2, social aspect to be 5.8) Impact factor: 0.394, year: 2016

  3. A fast-slow logic system

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Kawashima, Hideo.

    1977-01-01

    A fast-slow logic system has been made for use in multi-detector experiments in nuclear physics such as particle-gamma and particle-particle coincidence experiments. The system consists of a fast logic system and a slow logic system. The fast logic system has a function of fast coincidences and provides timing signals for the slow logic system. The slow logic system has a function of slow coincidences and a routing control of input analog signals to the ADCs. (auth.)

  4. Microelectromechanical resonator based digital logic elements

    KAUST Repository

    Hafiz, Md Abdullah Al

    2016-10-20

    Micro/nano-electromechanical resonator based mechanical computing has recently attracted significant attention. However, its full realization has been hindered by the difficulty in realizing complex combinational logics, in which the logic function is constructed by cascading multiple smaller logic blocks. In this work we report an alternative approach for implementation of digital logic core elements, multiplexer and demultiplexer, which can be used to realize combinational logic circuits by suitable concatenation. Toward this, shallow arch shaped microresonators are electrically connected and their resonance frequencies are tuned based on an electrothermal frequency modulation scheme. This study demonstrates that by reconfiguring the same basic building block, the arch microresonator, complex logic circuits can be realized.

  5. Aspects and modular reasoning in nonmonotonic logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ostermann, Klaus

    2008-01-01

    Nonmonotonic logic is a branch of logic that has been developed to model situations with incomplete information. We argue that there is a connection between AOP and nonmonotonic logic which deserves further study. As a concrete technical contribution and "appetizer", we outline an AO semantics de...... defined in default logic (a form of nonmonotonic logic), propose a definition of modular reasoning, and show that the default logic version of the language semantics admits modular reasoning whereas a conventional language semantics based on weaving does not....

  6. Implicational (semilinear) logics III: completeness properties

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Cintula, Petr; Noguera, Carles

    2018-01-01

    Roč. 57, 3-4 (2018), s. 391-420 ISSN 0933-5846 R&D Projects: GA ČR GA13-14654S EU Projects: European Commission(XE) 689176 - SYSMICS Institutional support: RVO:67985807 ; RVO:67985556 Keywords : abstract algebraic logic * protoalgebraic logics * implicational logics * disjunctional logics * semilinear logics * non-classical logics * completeness theorems * rational completeness Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics; BA - General Mathematics (UTIA-B) OBOR OECD: Computer sciences, information science, bioinformathics (hardware development to be 2.2, social aspect to be 5.8) Impact factor: 0.394, year: 2016

  7. Microelectromechanical resonator based digital logic elements

    KAUST Repository

    Hafiz, Md Abdullah Al; Kosuru, Lakshmoji; Younis, Mohammad I.; Fariborzi, Hossein

    2016-01-01

    Micro/nano-electromechanical resonator based mechanical computing has recently attracted significant attention. However, its full realization has been hindered by the difficulty in realizing complex combinational logics, in which the logic function is constructed by cascading multiple smaller logic blocks. In this work we report an alternative approach for implementation of digital logic core elements, multiplexer and demultiplexer, which can be used to realize combinational logic circuits by suitable concatenation. Toward this, shallow arch shaped microresonators are electrically connected and their resonance frequencies are tuned based on an electrothermal frequency modulation scheme. This study demonstrates that by reconfiguring the same basic building block, the arch microresonator, complex logic circuits can be realized.

  8. Mars MetNet Mission Status

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harri, Ari-Matti; Aleksashkin, Sergei; Arruego, Ignacio; Schmidt, Walter; Genzer, Maria; Vazquez, Luis; Haukka, Harri

    2015-04-01

    New kind of planetary exploration mission for Mars is under development in collaboration between the Finnish Meteorological Institute (FMI), Lavochkin Association (LA), Space Research Institute (IKI) and Institutio Nacional de Tecnica Aerospacial (INTA). The Mars MetNet mission is based on a new semi-hard landing vehicle called MetNet Lander (MNL). The scientific payload of the Mars MetNet Precursor [1] mission is divided into three categories: Atmospheric instruments, Optical devices and Composition and structure devices. Each of the payload instruments will provide significant insights in to the Martian atmospheric behavior. The key technologies of the MetNet Lander have been qualified and the electrical qualification model (EQM) of the payload bay has been built and successfully tested. 1. MetNet Lander The MetNet landing vehicles are using an inflatable entry and descent system instead of rigid heat shields and parachutes as earlier semi-hard landing devices have used. This way the ratio of the payload mass to the overall mass is optimized. The landing impact will burrow the payload container into the Martian soil providing a more favorable thermal environment for the electronics and a suitable orientation of the telescopic boom with external sensors and the radio link antenna. It is planned to deploy several tens of MNLs on the Martian surface operating at least partly at the same time to allow meteorological network science. 2. Scientific Payload The payload of the two MNL precursor models includes the following instruments: Atmospheric instruments: 1. MetBaro Pressure device 2. MetHumi Humidity device 3. MetTemp Temperature sensors Optical devices: 1. PanCam Panoramic 2. MetSIS Solar irradiance sensor with OWLS optical wireless system for data transfer 3. DS Dust sensor The descent processes dynamic properties are monitored by a special 3-axis accelerometer combined with a 3-axis gyrometer. The data will be sent via auxiliary beacon antenna throughout the

  9. Probabilistic Logic and Probabilistic Networks

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Haenni, R.; Romeijn, J.-W.; Wheeler, G.; Williamson, J.

    2009-01-01

    While in principle probabilistic logics might be applied to solve a range of problems, in practice they are rarely applied at present. This is perhaps because they seem disparate, complicated, and computationally intractable. However, we shall argue in this programmatic paper that several approaches

  10. Phonotactics in inductive logic programming

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nerbonne, J.; Konstantopoulos, S.; Klopotek, M.A.; Wierzchon, S.T.; Trojanowski, K.

    2004-01-01

    We examine the results of applying inductive logic programming (ILP) to a relatively simple linguistic task, that of recognizing monosyllables in one language. ILP is suited to linguistic problems given linguists' preference for formulating their theories in discrete rules, and because of ILP's

  11. Logics of communication and change

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Benthem, Johan; van Eijck, Jan; Kooi, Barteld

    2006-01-01

    Current dynamic epistemic logics for analyzing effects of informational events often become cumbersome and opaque when common knowledge is added for groups of agents. Still, postconditions involving common knowledge are essential to successful multi-agent communication. We propose new systems that

  12. Generic physical protection logic trees

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Paulus, W.K.

    1981-10-01

    Generic physical protection logic trees, designed for application to nuclear facilities and materials, are presented together with a method of qualitative evaluation of the trees for design and analysis of physical protection systems. One or more defense zones are defined where adversaries interact with the physical protection system. Logic trees that are needed to describe the possible scenarios within a defense zone are selected. Elements of a postulated or existing physical protection system are tagged to the primary events of the logic tree. The likelihood of adversary success in overcoming these elements is evaluated on a binary, yes/no basis. The effect of these evaluations is propagated through the logic of each tree to determine whether the adversary is likely to accomplish the end event of the tree. The physical protection system must be highly likely to overcome the adversary before he accomplishes his objective. The evaluation must be conducted for all significant states of the site. Deficiencies uncovered become inputs to redesign and further analysis, closing the loop on the design/analysis cycle

  13. Testing Superconductor Logic Integrated Circuits

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Arun, A.J.; Kerkhoff, Hans G.

    2005-01-01

    Superconductor logic has the potential of extremely low-power consumption and ultra-fast digital signal processing. Unfortunately, the obtained yield of the present processes is low and specific faults occur. This paper deals with fault-modelling, Design-for-Test structures, and ATPG for these

  14. Generic physical protection logic trees

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Paulus, W.K.

    1981-10-01

    Generic physical protection logic trees, designed for application to nuclear facilities and materials, are presented together with a method of qualitative evaluation of the trees for design and analysis of physical protection systems. One or more defense zones are defined where adversaries interact with the physical protection system. Logic trees that are needed to describe the possible scenarios within a defense zone are selected. Elements of a postulated or existing physical protection system are tagged to the primary events of the logic tree. The likelihood of adversary success in overcoming these elements is evaluated on a binary, yes/no basis. The effect of these evaluations is propagated through the logic of each tree to determine whether the adversary is likely to accomplish the end event of the tree. The physical protection system must be highly likely to overcome the adversary before he accomplishes his objective. The evaluation must be conducted for all significant states of the site. Deficiencies uncovered become inputs to redesign and further analysis, closing the loop on the design/analysis cycle.

  15. The modal logic of forcing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hamkins, J.D.; Löwe, B.

    2008-01-01

    A set theoretical assertion psi is forceable or possible, written lozenge psi, if psi holds in some forcing extension, and necessary, written square psi, if psi holds in all forcing extensions. In this forcing interpretation of modal logic, we establish that if ZFC is consistent, then the

  16. Logical Entity Level Sentiment Analysis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Petersen, Niklas Christoffer; Villadsen, Jørgen

    2017-01-01

    We present a formal logical approach using a combinatory categorial grammar for entity level sentiment analysis that utilizes machine learning techniques for efficient syntactical tagging and performs a deep structural analysis of the syntactical properties of texts in order to yield precise resu...

  17. FUZZY LOGIC IN LEGAL EDUCATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Gonul BALKIR

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The necessity of examination of every case within its peculiar conditions in social sciences requires different approaches complying with the spirit and nature of social sciences. Multiple realities require different and various perceptual interpretations. In modern world and social sciences, interpretation of perception of valued and multi-valued have been started to be understood by the principles of fuzziness and fuzzy logic. Having the verbally expressible degrees of truthness such as true, very true, rather true, etc. fuzzy logic provides the opportunity for the interpretation of especially complex and rather vague set of information by flexibility or equivalence of the variables’ of fuzzy limitations. The methods and principles of fuzzy logic can be benefited in examination of the methodological problems of law, especially in the applications of filling the legal loopholes arising from the ambiguities and interpretation problems in order to understand the legal rules in a more comprehensible and applicable way and the efficiency of legal implications. On the other hand, fuzzy logic can be used as a technical legal method in legal education and especially in legal case studies and legal practice applications in order to provide the perception of law as a value and the more comprehensive and more quality perception and interpretation of value of justice, which is the core value of law. In the perception of what happened as it has happened in legal relationships and formations, the understanding of social reality and sociological legal rules with multi valued sense perspective and the their applications in accordance with the fuzzy logic’s methods could create more equivalent and just results. It can be useful for the young lawyers and law students as a facilitating legal method especially in the materialization of the perception and interpretation of multi valued and variables. Using methods and principles of fuzzy logic in legal

  18. Logical and mathematical structures of quantum mechanics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beltrametti, E.G.; Cassinelli, G.

    1976-01-01

    The logic associated with a physical system is first analysed, and the general properties of observable and states are discussed. The logic of the Hilbert-space formulation of quantum mechanics and of pure, ideal measurements is described

  19. A superposition principle in quantum logics

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Pulmannova, S.

    1976-01-01

    A new definition of the superposition principle in quantum logics is given which enables us to define the sectors. It is shown that the superposition principle holds only in the irreducible quantum logics. (orig.) [de

  20. A Current Logical Framework: The Propositional Fragment

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Watkins, Kevin

    2003-01-01

    We present the propositional fragment CLF of the Concurrent Logical Framework (CLF). CLF extends the Linear Logical Framework to allow the natural representation of concurrent computations in an object language...

  1. Mathematical logic foundations for information science

    CERN Document Server

    Li, Wei

    2010-01-01

    This book presents the basic principles and formal calculus of mathematical logic. It covers core contents, extensions and developments of classical mathematical logic, and it offers formal proofs and concrete examples for all theoretical results.

  2. Logic functions and equations examples and exercises

    CERN Document Server

    Steinbach, Bernd

    2009-01-01

    With a free, downloadable software package available to help solve the exercises, this book focuses on practical and relevant problems that arise in the field of binary logics, with its two main applications - digital circuit design, and propositional logics.

  3. Semantic foundation for preferential description logics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Britz, K

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Description logics are a well-established family of knowledge representation formalisms in Artificial Intelligence. Enriching description logics with non-monotonic reasoning capabilities, especially preferential reasoning as developed by Lehmann...

  4. Towards practical defeasible reasoning for description logics

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Casini, G

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The formalisation of defeasible reasoning in automated systems is becoming increasingly important. Description Logics (DLs) are nowadays the main logical formalism in the field of formal ontologies. Our focus in this paper is to devise a practical...

  5. A Logical Characterisation of Static Equivalence

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hüttel, Hans; Pedersen, Michael D.

    2007-01-01

    -order logic for frames with quantification over environment knowledge which, under certain general conditions, characterizes static equivalence and is amenable to construction of characteristic formulae. The logic can be used to reason about environment knowledge and can be adapted to a particular application...... by defining a suitable signature and associated equational theory. The logic can furthermore be extended with modalities to yield a modal logic for e.g. the Applied Pi calculus....

  6. BIO Logical Agents: Norms, Beliefs, Intentions in Defeasible Logic

    OpenAIRE

    Governatori, Guido; Rotolo, Antonino

    2007-01-01

    In this paper we follow the BOID (Belief, Obligation, Intention, Desire) architecture to describe agents and agent types in Defeasible Logic. We argue, in particular, that the introduction of obligations can provide a new reading of the concepts of intention and intentionality. Then we examine the notion of social agent (i.e., an agent where obligations prevail over intentions) and discuss some computational and philosophical issues related to it. We show th...

  7. Proof systems for Moss’ coalgebraic logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bílková, M.; Palmigiano, A.; Venema, Y.

    2014-01-01

    We study Gentzen-style proof theory of the finitary version of the coalgebraic logic introduced by L. Moss. The logic captures the behaviour of coalgebras for a large class of set functors. The syntax of the logic, defined uniformly with respect to a finitary coalgebraic type functor T , uses a

  8. The Dynamic Turn in Quantum Logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltag, A.; Smets, S.

    2012-01-01

    In this paper we show how ideas coming from two areas of research in logic can reinforce each other. The first such line of inquiry concerns the "dynamic turn" in logic and especially the formalisms inspired by Propositional Dynamic Logic (PDL); while the second line concerns research into the

  9. Quantum team logic and Bell's inequalities

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hyttinen, T.; Paolini, G.; Väänänen, J.

    2015-01-01

    A logical approach to Bell’s Inequalities of quantum mechanics has been introduced by Abramsky and Hardy (Abramsky & Hardy, 2012). We point out that the logical Bell’s Inequalities of Abramsky & Hardy (2012) are provable in the probability logic of Fagin, Halpern and Megiddo (Fagin et al., 1990).

  10. The dynamic turn in quantum logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baltag, Alexandru; Smets, Sonja

    In this paper we show how ideas coming from two areas of research in logic can reinforce each other. The first such line of inquiry concerns the "dynamic turn" in logic and especially the formalisms inspired by Propositional Dynamic Logic (PDL); while the second line concerns research into the

  11. Translating Dominant Institutional Logics in Practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agger Nielsen, Jeppe; Jensen, Tina Blegind

    In this paper we examine the proliferation of a new mobile technology in a structured setting of home care in Denmark, focusing on how actions at multiple levels interact to enable technology diffusion and institutionalization. The case study shows how a dominating field level logic...... that combining an institutional logic perspective with a translation perspective furthers our understanding of the malleability of institutional logics....

  12. An Adequate First Order Logic of Intervals

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Chaochen, Zhou; Hansen, Michael Reichhardt

    1998-01-01

    This paper introduces left and right neighbourhoods as primitive interval modalities to define other unary and binary modalities of intervals in a first order logic with interval length. A complete first order logic for the neighbourhood modalities is presented. It is demonstrated how the logic can...... support formal specification and verification of liveness and fairness, and also of various notions of real analysis....

  13. Piaget's Logic of Meanings: Still Relevant Today

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wavering, Michael James

    2011-01-01

    In his last book, "Toward a Logic of Meanings" (Piaget & Garcia, 1991), Jean Piaget describes how thought can be categorized into a form of propositional logic, a logic of meanings. The intent of this article is to offer this analysis by Piaget as a means to understand the language and teaching of science. Using binary propositions, conjunctions,…

  14. Dialogues as a dynamic framework for logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rückert, Helge

    2007-01-01

    Dialogical logic is a game-theoretical approach to logic. Logic is studied with the help of certain games, which can be thought of as idealized argumentations. Two players, the Proponent, who puts forward the initial thesis and tries to defend it, and the Opponent, who tries to attack the

  15. Petri Nets as Models of Linear Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Engberg, Uffe Henrik; Winskel, Glynn

    1990-01-01

    The chief purpose of this paper is to appraise the feasibility of Girad's linear logic as a specification language for parallel processes. To this end we propose an interpretation of linear logic in Petri nets, with respect to which we investigate the expressive power of the logic...

  16. Hybrid Logical Analyses of the Ambient Calculus

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bolander, Thomas; Hansen, Rene Rydhof

    2010-01-01

    In this paper, hybrid logic is used to formulate three control flow analyses for Mobile Ambients, a process calculus designed for modelling mobility. We show that hybrid logic is very well-suited to express the semantic structure of the ambient calculus and how features of hybrid logic can...

  17. Mathematical Fuzzy Logic - State of Art 2001

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Hájek, Petr

    2003-01-01

    Roč. 24, - (2003), s. 71-89 ISSN 0103-9059. [WOLLIC'2001. Brasília, 31.07.2001-03.08.2001] R&D Projects: GA MŠk LN00A056 Keywords : fuzzy logic * many valued logic * basic fuzzy logic BL Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics http://www.mat.unb.br/~matcont/24_4.pdf

  18. A crash course in arrow logic

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Venema, Y.

    This contribution gives a short introduction to arrow logic. We start by explaining the basic idea underlying arrow logic and the motivation for studying it (sections 1 and 2) We discuss some elementary duality theory between arrow logic and the algebraic theory of binary relations (section 3).

  19. Logics of Business Education for Sustainability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andersson, Pernilla; Öhman, Johan

    2016-01-01

    This paper explores various kinds of logics of "business education for sustainability" and how these "logics" position the subject business person, based on eight teachers' reasoning of their own practices. The concept of logics developed within a discourse theoretical framework is employed to analyse the teachers' reasoning.…

  20. General Logic-Systems and Consequence Operators

    OpenAIRE

    Herrmann, Robert A.

    2005-01-01

    In this paper, general logic-systems are investigated. It is shown that there are infinitely many finite consequence operators defined on a fixed language L that cannot be generated from a finite logic-system. It is shown that a set map is a finite consequence operator iff it is defined by a general logic-system.

  1. Against All Odds: When Logic Meets Probability

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Benthem, J.; Katoen, J.-P.; Langerak, R.; Rensink, A.

    2017-01-01

    This paper is a light walk along interfaces between logic and probability, triggered by a chance encounter with Ed Brinksma. It is not a research paper, or a literature survey, but a pointer to issues. I discuss both direct combinations of logic and probability and structured ways in which logic can

  2. MetBaro - Pressure Device for Mars MetNet Lander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Haukka, Harri; Polkko, Jouni; Harri, Ari-Matti; Schmidt, Walter; Leinonen, Jussi; Genzer, Maria; Mäkinen, Teemu

    2010-05-01

    MetNet Mars Mission focused for Martian atmospheric science is based on a new semihard landing vehicle called the MetNet Lander (MNL). The MNL will have a versatile science payload focused on the atmospheric science of Mars. The scientific payload of the MetNet Mission encompasses separate instrument packages for the atmospheric entry and descent phase and for the surface operation phase. MetBaro is the pressure sensor of MetNet Lander designed to work on Martian surface. It is based on Barocap® technology developed by Vaisala, Inc. MetBaro is a capacitive type of sensing device where capasitor plates are moved by ambient pressure. MetBaro device consists of two pressure transducers including a total of 4 Barocap® sensor heads of high-stability and high-resolution types. The long-term stability of MetBaro is in order of 20…50 µBar and resolution a few µBar. MetBaro is small, lightweighed and has low power consumption. It weighs about 50g without wires and controlling FPGA, and consumes 15 mW of power. A similar device has successfully flown in Phoenix mission, where it performed months of measurements on Martian ground. Another device is also part of the Mars Science Laboratory REMS instrument (to be launched in 2011).

  3. MetHumi - Humidity Device for Mars MetNet Lander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Genzer, Maria; Polkko, Jouni; Harri, Ari-Matti; Schmidt, Walter; Leinonen, Jussi; Mäkinen, Teemu; Haukka, Harri

    2010-05-01

    MetNet Mars Mission focused for Martian atmospheric science is based on a new semihard landing vehicle called the MetNet Lander (MNL). The MNL will have a versatile science payload focused on the atmospheric science of Mars. The scientific payload of the MetNet Mission encompasses separate instrument packages for the atmospheric entry and descent phase and for the surface operation phase. MetHumi is the humidity sensor of MetNet Lander designed to work on Martian surface. It is based on Humicap® technology developed by Vaisala, Inc. MetHumi is a capacitive type of sensing device where an active polymer film changes capacitance as function of relative humidity. One MetHumi device package consists of one humidity transducer including three Humicap® sensor heads, an accurate temperature sensor head (Thermocap® by Vaisala, Inc.) and constant reference channels. MetHumi is very small, lightweighed and has low power consumption. It weighs only about 15 g without wires, and consumes 15 mW of power. MetHumi can make meaningful relative humidity measurements in range of 0 - 100%RH down to -70°C ambient temperature, but it survives even -135°C ambient temperature.

  4. KOMPOSISI KIMIA MINYAK ATSIRI BUAH SIRIH HIJAU (PIPER BETLE L, KEMUKUS (PIPER CUBEBA L DAN CABE JAWA (PIPER RETROFRACTUM VAHL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Widyo Wartono

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Tumbuhan genus Piper mempunyai kandungan minyak atsiri hampir disemua bagiannya, namun komposisi kimianya belum semua dilaporkan. Pada laporan ini kami melakukan isolasi dan identifikasi senyawa kimia minyak atsiri pada bagian buah tumbuhan Piper. Isolasi minyak atsiri buah Piper dilakukan dengan destilasi air menggunakan destilasi Stahl dan analisis komposisi kimia dengan kromatografi gas-spektroskopi masa (GC-MS. Kandungan minyak atsiri buah sirih hijau (Piper betle 1,4% (v/b, cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum 1% (v/b, dan buah kemukus (Piper cubeba 1,7% (v/b. Hasil analisis GC-MS menunjukan kandungan utama minyak atsiri adalah senyawa golongan monoterpen, seskuiterpen dan fenil propanoid. Kandungan utama minyak atsiri buah sirih hijau (P. betle adalah eugenol (12,36%, isokaryofillena (9,55% dan β-selinena (8,09%, sedangkan komponen utama buah cabe jawa (Piper retrofractum adalah isokaryofilen (8,88%, β-bisabolen (7,01% dan zingiberen (6,32%, dan minyak atsiri buah kemukus (Piper cubeba adalah spathulanol (27,05%, sativen (8,73% dan germakren D (7,50%.

  5. RANCANG BANGUN SISTEM INFORMASI MANAJEMEN PELATIHAN (SIMPEL UNIT PELATIHAN TEKNIS PERTANIAN DINAS PERTANIAN DAN KETAHANAN PANGAN PEMERINTAH PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yusuf - Hasyim

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available Perkembangan  teknologi informasi menjadi pemicu berbagai perusahaan, organisasi bahkan instansi pemerintah untuk memanfaatkan sistem informasi berbasis desktop maupun Web. Balai pelatihan pertanian Provinsi Jawa Timur pun membutuhkan sebuah sistem informasi manajemen pelatihan untuk mempercepat dan mempermudah pekerjaan di bidang administrasi. Permasalahan yang dialami oleh Balai pelatihan pertanian Provinsi Jawa Timur  yaitu pada kegiatan pelatihan seperti pendaftaran , rekapitulasi hasil pelatihan, dan pembuatan laporan, penjadwalan pelatihan dan administrasi peserta pelatihan. Metodologi pengembangan  yang digunakan dalam membangun sistem informasi manajemen pelatihan adalah prototyping. Implementasi desain program menggunakan bahasa PHP versi 6, Sedangkan DBMS menggunakan MySQL. Dalam sistem informasi ini terdapat fitur untuk melakukan registrasi (pendaftaran peserta secara online, pembuatan surat (pemangilan dan pengembalian peserta, fitur membuat laporan administrasi peserta pelatihan, fitur input materi dan download materi, fitur lihat jadwal, fitur lihat hasil evaluasi dan hasil pelatihan, fitur kelola data peserta pelatihan, dan fitur kelola data widyaiswara. Dengan adanya sistem informasi administrasi berbasis web ini dapat memberikan kemudahan dan meminimalkan kesalahan yang terjadi pada bagian administrasi serta stakeholders yang terkait dengan kegiatan pelatihan tersebut.

  6. Applications of Logic Coverage Criteria and Logic Mutation to Software Testing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaminski, Garrett K.

    2011-01-01

    Logic is an important component of software. Thus, software logic testing has enjoyed significant research over a period of decades, with renewed interest in the last several years. One approach to detecting logic faults is to create and execute tests that satisfy logic coverage criteria. Another approach to detecting faults is to perform mutation…

  7. PERPUSTAKAAN KELILING SEBAGAI MANIFESTASI PERAN PERPUSTAKAAN UMUM MELAWAN BENTUK EKSKLUSI SOSIAL : STUDI KASUS PERPUSTAKAAN UMUM DAERAH JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yanuar Yoga Prasetyawan

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available AbstractInformation is major requirement for individuals in the information age. Individuals need information to improve their quality of life. For individuals who have limited access to information, it can be considered has the potential bad quality of life. Therefore, it behooves the government to provide the institutions that collect and disseminate information for free of charge regardless of social status, economic, and education, it is  public library. The purpose of this study was to describe the role of Perpustakaan Umum Daerah Jawa Tengah (Central Java Province Public Librariy through the bookmobile service, against forms of social exclusion. This research used a qualitative method with case study approach. The results showed that the public library have should be a social inclusion institution. With such an inclusive label then anyone can go into the library and enjoy a free library service. But there are still some of the community groups who judge the library is an unfriendly place to visit. Seeing the reality, Perpustakaan Umum Daerah Jawa Tengah provides pro-active service by visiting the patron who are far away from the information centre and have limited access to information due to social , economic or education status. The Places were visited include the penitentiary, the brothel, and even the base of the refugee community banned organization. Through bookmobile service  tried to attend as a remover form of social exclusion by providing access to information to the public.Keyword: Public Library; Social Exclussion; Bookmobile LibraryAbstrakKomoditas atau kebutuhan  utama bagi individu di era informasi seperti saat ini adalah informasi. Individu tersebut membutuhkan informasi untuk meningkatkan kualitas hidup. Bagi individu yang memiliki keterbatasan untuk mengakses informasi, maka dapat ditengarai individu tersebut berpotensi memiliki kualitas hidup yang tidak baik. Oleh karena itu sudah sepatutnya pemerintah menyediakan

  8. Nanowire NMOS Logic Inverter Characterization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashim, Yasir

    2016-06-01

    This study is the first to demonstrate characteristics optimization of nanowire N-Channel Metal Oxide Semiconductor (NW-MOS) logic inverter. Noise margins and inflection voltage of transfer characteristics are used as limiting factors in this optimization. A computer-based model used to produce static characteristics of NW-NMOS logic inverter. In this research two circuit configuration of NW-NMOS inverter was studied, in first NW-NMOS circuit, the noise margin for (low input-high output) condition was very low. For second NMOS circuit gives excellent noise margins, and results indicate that optimization depends on applied voltage to the inverter. Increasing gate to source voltage with (2/1) nanowires ratio results better noise margins. Increasing of applied DC load transistor voltage tends to increasing in decreasing noise margins; decreasing this voltage will improve noise margins significantly.

  9. Programming Games for Logical Thinking

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Tsalapatas

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available Analytical thinking is a transversal skill that helps learners synthesize knowledge across subject areas; from mathematics, science, and technology to critical reading, critical examination, and evaluation of lessons. While most would not doubt the importance of analytical capacity in academic settings and its growing demand for the skill in professional environments, school curricula do not comprehensively address its development. As a result, the responsibility for structuring related learning activities falls to teachers. This work examines learning paradigms that can be integrated into mathematics and science school education for developing logical thinking through game-based exercises based on programming. The proposed learning design promotes structured algorithmic mindsets, is based on inclusive universal logic present in all cultures, and promotes constructivism educational approaches encouraging learners to drive knowledge building by composing past and emerging experiences.

  10. An Embedded Reconfigurable Logic Module

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tucker, Jerry H.; Klenke, Robert H.; Shams, Qamar A. (Technical Monitor)

    2002-01-01

    A Miniature Embedded Reconfigurable Computer and Logic (MERCAL) module has been developed and verified. MERCAL was designed to be a general-purpose, universal module that that can provide significant hardware and software resources to meet the requirements of many of today's complex embedded applications. This is accomplished in the MERCAL module by combining a sub credit card size PC in a DIMM form factor with a XILINX Spartan I1 FPGA. The PC has the ability to download program files to the FPGA to configure it for different hardware functions and to transfer data to and from the FPGA via the PC's ISA bus during run time. The MERCAL module combines, in a compact package, the computational power of a 133 MHz PC with up to 150,000 gate equivalents of digital logic that can be reconfigured by software. The general architecture and functionality of the MERCAL hardware and system software are described.

  11. The Relevance of Hegel's Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John W Burbidge

    2007-12-01

    Full Text Available Hegel defines his Logic as the science that thinks about thinking.nbsp; But when we interpret that work as outlining what happens when we reason we are vulnerable to Fregersquo;s charge of psychologism.nbsp; I use Hegelrsquo;s tripartite distinction among understanding, dialectical and speculative reason as operations of pure thought to suggest how thinking can work with objective concepts.nbsp; In the last analysis, however, our ability to move from the subjective contingency of representations and ideas to the pure concepts we think develops from mechanical memory, which separates sign from sense so hat we can focus simply on the latter.nbsp; By becoming aware of the connections that underlie our thinking processes we may be able to both move beyond the abstractions of symbolic logic and clarify what informal logicians call relevance.

  12. Contextual Validity in Hybrid Logic

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Blackburn, Patrick Rowan; Jørgensen, Klaus Frovin

    2013-01-01

    interpretations. Moreover, such indexicals give rise to a special kind of validity—contextual validity—that interacts with ordinary logi- cal validity in interesting and often unexpected ways. In this paper we model these interactions by combining standard techniques from hybrid logic with insights from the work...... of Hans Kamp and David Kaplan. We introduce a simple proof rule, which we call the Kamp Rule, and first we show that it is all we need to take us from logical validities involving now to contextual validities involving now too. We then go on to show that this deductive bridge is strong enough to carry us...... to contextual validities involving yesterday, today and tomorrow as well....

  13. Fuzzy Versions of Epistemic and Deontic Logic

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gounder, Ramasamy S.; Esterline, Albert C.

    1998-01-01

    Epistemic and deontic logics are modal logics, respectively, of knowledge and of the normative concepts of obligation, permission, and prohibition. Epistemic logic is useful in formalizing systems of communicating processes and knowledge and belief in AI (Artificial Intelligence). Deontic logic is useful in computer science wherever we must distinguish between actual and ideal behavior, as in fault tolerance and database integrity constraints. We here discuss fuzzy versions of these logics. In the crisp versions, various axioms correspond to various properties of the structures used in defining the semantics of the logics. Thus, any axiomatic theory will be characterized not only by its axioms but also by the set of properties holding of the corresponding semantic structures. Fuzzy logic does not proceed with axiomatic systems, but fuzzy versions of the semantic properties exist and can be shown to correspond to some of the axioms for the crisp systems in special ways that support dependency networks among assertions in a modal domain. This in turn allows one to implement truth maintenance systems. For the technical development of epistemic logic, and for that of deontic logic. To our knowledge, we are the first to address fuzzy epistemic and fuzzy deontic logic explicitly and to consider the different systems and semantic properties available. We give the syntax and semantics of epistemic logic and discuss the correspondence between axioms of epistemic logic and properties of semantic structures. The same topics are covered for deontic logic. Fuzzy epistemic and fuzzy deontic logic discusses the relationship between axioms and semantic properties for these logics. Our results can be exploited in truth maintenance systems.

  14. C-MET overexpression and amplification in gliomas.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwak, Yoonjin; Kim, Seong-Ik; Park, Chul-Kee; Paek, Sun Ha; Lee, Soon-Tae; Park, Sung-Hye

    2015-01-01

    We investigated c-Met overexpression and MET gene amplification in gliomas to determine their incidence and prognostic significance. c-Met immunohistochemistry and MET gene fluorescence in situ hybridization were carried out on tissue microarrays from 250 patients with gliomas (137 grade IV GBMs and 113 grade II and III diffuse gliomas). Clinicopathological features of these cases were reviewed. c-Met overexpression and MET gene amplification were detected in 13.1% and 5.1% of the GBMs, respectively. All the MET-amplified cases showed c-Met overexpression, but MET amplification was not always concordant with c-Met overexpression. None of grade II and III gliomas demonstrated c-Met overexpression or MET gene amplification. Mean survival of the GBM patients with MET amplification was not significantly different from patients without MET amplification (P=0.155). However, GBM patients with c-Met overexpression survived longer than patients without c-Met overexpression (P=0.035). Although MET amplification was not related to poor GBM prognosis, it is partially associated with the aggressiveness of gliomas, as MET amplification was found only in grade IV, not in grade II and III gliomas. We suggest that MET inhibitor therapy may be beneficial in about 5% GBMs, which was the incidence of MET gene amplification found in the patients included in this study.

  15. The PLC: a logical development

    OpenAIRE

    Walker, Mark; Bissell, Christopher; Monk, John

    2010-01-01

    Programmable Logic Controllers (PLCs) have been used to control industrial processes and equipment for over 40 years, having their first commercially recognised application in 1969. Since then there have been enormous changes in the design and application of PLCs, yet developments were evolutionary rather than radical. The flexibility of the PLC does not confine it to industrial use and it has been used for disparate non-industrial control applications . This article reviews the history, deve...

  16. Logic Learning in Hopfield Networks

    OpenAIRE

    Sathasivam, Saratha; Abdullah, Wan Ahmad Tajuddin Wan

    2008-01-01

    Synaptic weights for neurons in logic programming can be calculated either by using Hebbian learning or by Wan Abdullah's method. In other words, Hebbian learning for governing events corresponding to some respective program clauses is equivalent with learning using Wan Abdullah's method for the same respective program clauses. In this paper we will evaluate experimentally the equivalence between these two types of learning through computer simulations.

  17. Admissible Rules of Lukasiewicz Logic

    Czech Academy of Sciences Publication Activity Database

    Jeřábek, Emil

    2010-01-01

    Roč. 20, č. 2 (2010), s. 425-447 ISSN 0955-792X R&D Projects: GA AV ČR IAA900090703; GA AV ČR IAA100190902; GA MŠk(CZ) 1M0545 Institutional research plan: CEZ:AV0Z10190503 Keywords : linear temporal logic * unification * consecutions Subject RIV: BA - General Mathematics Impact factor: 0.586, year: 2010 http://logcom.oxfordjournals.org/content/20/2/425

  18. Session Types in Abelian Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yoichi Hirai

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available There was a PhD student who says "I found a pair of wooden shoes. I put a coin in the left and a key in the right. Next morning, I found those objects in the opposite shoes." We do not claim existence of such shoes, but propose a similar programming abstraction in the context of typed lambda calculi. The result, which we call the Amida calculus, extends Abramsky's linear lambda calculus LF and characterizes Abelian logic.

  19. Is special relativity logically inconsistent

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Prokhovnik, S.J.

    1980-01-01

    The author gives his view that Special Relativity is logically and mathematically consistent, as well as physically comprehensible if, and only if, it is firmly based on the single assumption of a unique fundamental reference frame for light propagation. The theory and all its results are derivable from this assumption; the Relativity and Light Principles become intelligible consequences of this assumption; the physical significance and source of time dilation and length contraction are made manifest thereby. (Auth.)

  20. STATUS PENGELOLAAN PERIKANAN RAJUNGAN (Portunus Pelagicus DENGAN PENDEKATAN EKOSISTEM DI LAUT JAWA (WPPNRI 712

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aris Budiarto

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Laut Jawa (WPPNRI 712 memiliki karakteristik permasalahan dalam pengelolaan perikanan rajungan yaitu berkurangnya stok sumberdaya rajungan dan tinggi nya jumlah armada penangkapan. Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui kondisi pengelolaan perikanan rajungan di perairan Laut Jawa berdasarkan pada indikator pengelolaan perikanan dengan pendekatan ekosistem (Ecosystem Approach to Fisheries Management-EAFM. Enam domain indikator EAFM yang digunakan sebagai dasar untuk analisis adalah (1 Sumber Daya Ikan; (2 Habitat dan Ekosistem; (3 Teknik Penangkapan; (4 Sosial; (5 Ekonomi; dan (6 Kelembagaan. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa nilai skor komposit EAFM tergolong kategori sedang dengan kisaran antara 1,5 – 2,5. Hasil penilaian aggregat seluruh domain diperoleh nilai skor densitas berkisar antara 6,3 – 55,9. Domain memiliki densitas tertinggi adalah domain sosial dan domain kelembagaan sebesar 54,7 dan 55,9 dengan kategori sedang. Domain habitat/ekosistem dan domain ekonomi memiliki nilai skor 36,5 dan 20,7 dengan kategori kurang. Domain sumberdaya ikan dan domain teknik penangkapan memiliki nilai skor 6,3 dan 16,3 dengan kategori buruk. Secara keseluruhan hasil penilaian indikator EAFM menunjukkan bahwa pengelolaan rajungan di WPPNRI 712 dalam kategori buruk hingga sedang. Rekomendasi dari penelitian ini adalah melaksanakan perbaikan pengelolaan perikanan rajungan secara bertahap dengan melakukan 5 (lima langkah pengelolaan yaitu; pengaturan rajungan yang boleh ditangkap, pengaturan musim penangkapan, pengendalian alat tangkap dan daerah penangkapan, perlindungan dan rehabilitasi habitat serta melaksanakan restoking.   Java Sea waters (Fisheries Management Area 712 is one of the main live crab habitat which is also the main blue swimming crab (BSC production centers in Indonesia. FMA 712 has the characteristics of BSC fishery management problems is lower stock of crabs and the high number of fishing fleet. This study was aims to determine

  1. Penggunaan Teknik Obat dan Permasalahan Blokade Epidural di Wilayah Jawa Barat pada Tahun 2015

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad Ibnu

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Blokade epidural merupakan salah satu jenis anestesi regional yang memiliki rentang implikasi lebih luas dibanding dengan blokade spinal. Perbedaan teknik maupun rejimen obat untuk blokade epidural meningkat seiring dengan meningkatnya ketertarikan di bidang anestesi regional dikarenakan teknik anestesi regional memberikan efek analgesi yang efektif tanpa memengaruhi kesadaran pasien dan meningkatkan kenyamanan pasien. Tujuan penelitian ini mencari data mengenai penggunaan, teknik, rejimen obat, dan permasalahan yang dialami oleh dokter anestesi di Jawa Barat dalam melakukan blokade epidural. Penelitian ini dilakukan pada bulan Agustus hingga September 2016 di Departemen Anestesiologi dan Terapi Intensif Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Penelitian ini bersifat deskriptif dengan pengambilan data menggunakan kuesioner dan pendekatan cross sectional. Kuesioner dikirimkan kepada 120 dokter spesialis anestesi di Jawa Barat melalui jasa pos dan 30 kuesioner diberikan langsung kepada dokter spesialis anestesi yang bekerja di Rumah Sakit Dr. Hasan Sadikin Bandung. Angka respons yang didapatkan sebesar 47,3%. Hasil penelitian ini didapatkan dokter spesialis anestesi yang masih melakukan blokade epidural pada tahun 2015 sebesar 73,2%, teknik penusukan yang paling banyak dilakukan adalah pendekatan midline sebesar 73%, dan identifikasi rongga epidural paling banyak dengan pendekatan lost of resistance sebesar 80,7%. Obat anestesi lokal yang paling banyak digunakan untuk blokade epidural adalah bupivakain sebesar 95,9%. Adjuvan yang paling banyak digunakan adalah fentanil sebesar 92,3%. Permasalahan yang berkaitan dalam pelaksanaan tindakan blokade epidural pada tahun 2015 paling banyak adalah permasalahan staf di ruangan dalam membantu menangani pasien dengan epidural, yaitu sebesar 38,03%. Epidural Blockade Administration Technique and Issues in West Java in 2015 Epidural blockade is one of the regional anesthesia techniques with wider implication

  2. FAKTOR RISIKO KEJADIAN CHIKUNGUNYA DI KABUPATEN BOYOLALI,PROVINSI JAWA TENGAH

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lulus Susanti

    2014-05-01

    < 0.05.Keywords :knowledge, attitude, practice, chikungunya, risk factorAbstrakChikungunya adalah salah satu penyakit re-emerging disease di Indonesia. Gejala yang paling menonjol pada kasus ini adanya rasa nyeri yang hebat pada setiap persendian, terutama sendi lutut, pergelangan kaki dan tangan, serta sendi-sendi tulang punggung sehingga sendi susah untuk digerakkan. Penyakit ini diakibatkan oleh virus dari kelompok virus Chikungunya (CHIKV. Di Jawa Tengah terjadi peningkatan kasus Chikungunya, mulai tahun 2005 berjumlah 46 orang kemudian meningkat pada tahun 2006 menjadi 86 orang dan 2007 mencapai 2.801 kasus. Persebaran kasus mencapai beberapa kabupaten di Jawa Tengah termasuk Kabupaten Boyolali, yang memberikan kontribusi dalam jumlah penderita Chikungunya yang cukup besar 5. Pada tahun 2007dan 2008 jumlah kasus Chikungunya di Kabupaten Boyolali mencapai 634 dan 517 orang. Tujuan penelitian ini untuk mengetahui hubungan antara karakteristik masyarakat, kondisi sosial ekonomi, pengetahuan, sikap dan perilaku masyarakat, data entomologi dan lingkungan sebagai faktor risiko terhadap kasus Chikungunya, di Boyolali. Penelitian ini merupakan studi epidemiologi analitik dengan rancangan case control study. Berdasarkan hasil penelitian didapatkan Chikungunya terjadi paling banyak pada kisaran umur 20 – 45 dan 46 – 64 tahun, masing-masing sebanyak 51 (39,23% dan 50 kasus (38,46%, dengan jenis kelamin perempuan 80 kasus (61,54%. Sedangkan pendidikan kasus Chikungunya tertinggi adalah tidak tamat SD sebesar 34 kasus (26,15% dan pekerjaan berupa petani sebanyak 41 kasus (31,54%. Dari karakteristik responden ini hanya jenis kelamin yang memiliki hubungan bermakna dengan kasus dengan nilai P< 0,05. Sedangan pengetahuan dan perilaku masyarakat tentang pencegahan penyakit Chikungunya tidak berhubungan dengan kasus dengan nilai P>0,05.Keberadaan pakaian tergantung tidak berhubungan dengan kasus Chikungunya, sedangkan keberadaan jentik nyamuk di TPA berhubungan dengan kasus

  3. Cosmic logic: a computational model

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Vanchurin, Vitaly

    2016-01-01

    We initiate a formal study of logical inferences in context of the measure problem in cosmology or what we call cosmic logic. We describe a simple computational model of cosmic logic suitable for analysis of, for example, discretized cosmological systems. The construction is based on a particular model of computation, developed by Alan Turing, with cosmic observers (CO), cosmic measures (CM) and cosmic symmetries (CS) described by Turing machines. CO machines always start with a blank tape and CM machines take CO's Turing number (also known as description number or Gödel number) as input and output the corresponding probability. Similarly, CS machines take CO's Turing number as input, but output either one if the CO machines are in the same equivalence class or zero otherwise. We argue that CS machines are more fundamental than CM machines and, thus, should be used as building blocks in constructing CM machines. We prove the non-computability of a CS machine which discriminates between two classes of CO machines: mortal that halts in finite time and immortal that runs forever. In context of eternal inflation this result implies that it is impossible to construct CM machines to compute probabilities on the set of all CO machines using cut-off prescriptions. The cut-off measures can still be used if the set is reduced to include only machines which halt after a finite and predetermined number of steps

  4. Hybrid Logic and its Proof-Theory

    CERN Document Server

    Brauner, Torben

    2011-01-01

    This is the first book-length treatment of hybrid logic and its proof-theory. Hybrid logic is an extension of ordinary modal logic which allows explicit reference to individual points in a model (where the points represent times, possible worlds, states in a computer, or something else). This is useful for many applications, for example when reasoning about time one often wants to formulate a series of statements about what happens at specific times. There is little consensus about proof-theory for ordinary modal logic. Many modal-logical proof systems lack important properties and the relatio

  5. A Resolution Prover for Coalition Logic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cláudia Nalon

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available We present a prototype tool for automated reasoning for Coalition Logic, a non-normal modal logic that can be used for reasoning about cooperative agency. The theorem prover CLProver is based on recent work on a resolution-based calculus for Coalition Logic that operates on coalition problems, a normal form for Coalition Logic. We provide an overview of coalition problems and of the resolution-based calculus for Coalition Logic. We then give details of the implementation of CLProver and present the results for a comparison with an existing tableau-based solver.

  6. All-optical symmetric ternary logic gate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chattopadhyay, Tanay

    2010-09-01

    Symmetric ternary number (radix=3) has three logical states (1¯, 0, 1). It is very much useful in carry free arithmetical operation. Beside this, the logical operation using this type of number system is also effective in high speed computation and communication in multi-valued logic. In this literature all-optical circuits for three basic symmetrical ternary logical operations (inversion, MIN and MAX) are proposed and described. Numerical simulation verifies the theoretical model. In this present scheme the different ternary logical states are represented by different polarized state of light. Terahertz optical asymmetric demultiplexer (TOAD) based interferometric switch has been used categorically in this manuscript.

  7. Logic and discrete mathematics a concise introduction

    CERN Document Server

    Conradie, Willem

    2015-01-01

    A concise yet rigorous introduction to logic and discrete mathematics. This book features a unique combination of comprehensive coverage of logic with a solid exposition of the most important fields of discrete mathematics, presenting material that has been tested and refined by the authors in university courses taught over more than a decade.  The chapters on logic - propositional and first-order - provide a robust toolkit for logical reasoning, emphasizing the conceptual understanding of the language and the semantics of classical logic as well as practical applications through the easy

  8. Logical design for computers and control

    CERN Document Server

    Dodd, Kenneth N

    1972-01-01

    Logical Design for Computers and Control Logical Design for Computers and Control gives an introduction to the concepts and principles, applications, and advancements in the field of control logic. The text covers topics such as logic elements; high and low logic; kinds of flip-flops; binary counting and arithmetic; and Boolean algebra, Boolean laws, and De Morgan's theorem. Also covered are topics such as electrostatics and atomic theory; the integrated circuit and simple control systems; the conversion of analog to digital systems; and computer applications and control. The book is recommend

  9. Asynchronous Operators of Sequential Logic Venjunction & Sequention

    CERN Document Server

    Vasyukevich, Vadim

    2011-01-01

    This book is dedicated to new mathematical instruments assigned for logical modeling of the memory of digital devices. The case in point is logic-dynamical operation named venjunction and venjunctive function as well as sequention and sequentional function. Venjunction and sequention operate within the framework of sequential logic. In a form of the corresponding equations, they organically fit analytical expressions of Boolean algebra. Thus, a sort of symbiosis is formed using elements of asynchronous sequential logic on the one hand and combinational logic on the other hand. So, asynchronous

  10. Produksi Ruang Kekuasaan di Pulau Jawa Abad ke-16-17 dan Dampaknya pada Pertumbuhan Kota

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafid Setiadi

    2017-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstrak Studi ini membahas keterkaitan antara tradisi kekuasaan, produksi ruang, dan pertumbuhan kota. Tujuan utamanya adalah untuk memahami secara mendalam pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan dan implikasinya pada pertumbuhan kota. Lingkup penelitian mencakup situasi geopolitik di Pulau Jawa selama abad ke-16 hingga ke-17 ketika Kesultanan Mataram memegang dominasi kekuasaan berlandaskan tradisi sawah. Metode analisis yang diterapkan mengacu pada pemikiran hermeneutika yang mengedepankan metode pembacaan teks. Data penelitian berasal dari sumber-sumber sekunder terutama berupa hasil-hasil penelitian yang telah dipublikasikan dalam bentuk artikel, buku, peta maupun makalah seminar.  Hasil analisis memperlihatkan bahwa selama rentang waktu tersebut pola dan proses spasial produksi ruang kekuasaan didominasi oleh netralisasi dan pembentukan wilayah pinggiran sebagai konsekuensi dari absolutisme kekuasaan raja.  Modus produksi ini menyebabkan terjadinya likuidasi politik terhadap kota-kota tertentu yang ditandai oleh perubahan identitas kota, terutama di wilayah pesisir.   Abstract This study discusses the relations between the tradition of power, the production of space, and city growth. This study primarily aimed to comprehend the spatial pattern and process of the production of authority space and its implications for city growth. It covers the geopolitical situation in Java during the 16th and 17th centuries when the Mataram Sultanate ran a dominant power based on ricefield tradition. The analysis method applied in this study referred to hermeneutical thinking, which foregrounds a text reading method. The research data was obtained from secondary resources, especially published research in the forms of articles, books, maps, and seminar papers. The analysis results showed that the spatial pattern and process of authority space production within these centuries were dominated by neutralization and the formation of peripheries, i

  11. Human neutrophil antigen profiles in Banjar, Bugis, Champa, Jawa and Kelantan Malays in Peninsular Malaysia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manaf, Siti M; NurWaliyuddin, Hanis Z A; Panneerchelvam, Sundararajulu; Zafarina, Zainuddin; Norazmi, Mohd N; Chambers, Geoffrey K; Edinur, Hisham A

    2015-10-01

    Human neutrophil antigens (HNA) are polymorphic and immunogenic proteins involved in the pathogenesis of neonatal alloimmune neutropenia, transfusion-related acute lung injury (TRALI) and transfusion-related alloimmune neutropenia. The characterisation of HNA at a population level is important for predicting the risk of alloimmunisation associated with blood transfusion and gestation and for anthropological studies. Blood samples from 192 healthy, unrelated Malays were collected and genotyped using polymerase chain reaction-sequence specific primers (HNA-1, -3, -4) and polymerase chain reaction-restriction fragment length polymorphisms (HNA-5). The group comprised 30 Banjar, 37 Bugis, 51 Champa, 39 Jawa and 35 Kelantan Malays. The most common HNA alleles in the Malays studied were HNA-1a (0.641-0.765), -3a (0.676-0.867), -4a (0.943-1.000) and -5a (0.529-0.910). According to principal coordinate plots constructed using HNA allele frequencies, the Malay sub-ethnic groups are closely related and grouped together with other Asian populations. The risks of TRALI or neonatal neutropenia were not increased for subjects with HNA-1, -3 and -4 loci even for donor and recipient or pairs from different Malay sub-ethnic groups. Nonetheless, our estimates showed significantly higher risks of HNA alloimmunisation during pregnancy and transfusion between Malays and other genetically differentiated populations such as Africans and Europeans. This study reports HNA allele and genotype frequencies for the five Malay sub-ethnic groups living in Peninsular Malaysia for the first time. These Malay sub-ethnic groups show closer genetic relationships with other Asian populations than with Europeans and Africans. The distributions of HNA alleles in other lineages of people living in Malaysia (e.g. Chinese, Indian and Orang Asli) would be an interesting subject for future study.

  12. Kendala dalam Implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di Jawa Tengah dan Strategi Penanganannya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurkolis Siri Kastawi

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available Artikel ini menggambarkan implementasi Kurikulum 2013 di wilayah Jawa Tengah, terutama di Kota Semarang, Kabupaten Pati, Batang, Sragen, Banjarnegara, dan Kebumen dilihat dari sisi kesiapan guru, dukungan sekolah dan Pemerintah Daerah, faktor-faktor pendukung dan penghambat, dan langkah-langkah untuk mengatasi kendala. Penelitian ini menggunakan pendekatan metode campuran (mixed method. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa implementasi Kurikulum 2013 pada beberapa daerah tersebut belum berjalan secara efektif. Di sekolah-sekolah yang telah mengimplementasikan Kurikulum 2013 guru yang melaksanakan pembelajaran tematik, saintifik, dan penilaian otentik tak lebih dari 50%. Hal tersebut diidentifikasi karena (1 guru belum siap mengimplementasikannya, (2 dukungan sekolah masih rendah, (3 walau Pemerintah Daerah sudah mengalokasikan anggaran, namun belum optimal penggunaannya, (4 ditemukan beberapa faktor pendukung dan penghambat pada diri guru, pimpinan sekolah, dan Dinas Pendidikan, termasuk koordinasi yang masih lemah antarpihak terkait. This article describes the implementation of Curriculum 2013 in Central Java, focusing on Semarang City, Pati, Batang, Sragen, Banjarnegara, and Kebumen districts in terms of teacher readiness, the school and local district support, its supportive and barrier factors, and the strategies to handle those problems. This research using mixed method and the result indicated that the implementation of Curriculum 2013 in several districts in Central Java is not effective yet. Half of teachers in schools that implemented Curriculum 2013 cannot implement thematic and scientific learning approach and authentic assessment. This problem happens because (1 most of teacher are not ready to implement the new curriculum, (2 low school support, (3 even the local district allocate the financial support, but still not optimal in use, and (4 there are several supportive and barrier factors from the teacher itself, school managerial

  13. PERBAIKAN SISTEM PRODUKSI MINYAK ANGIN AROMATHERAPY MELALUI LEAN MANUFACTURING DI PT. US, JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rudy Indra Purnama

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Industri farmasi sedang menghadapi persaingan yang meningkat, tekanan biaya dan kebutuhan untuk meningkatkan kinerja operasi manufakturnya. Lean manufacuring menawarkan metode, alat dan program heuristik untuk peningkatan produktivitas di bidang manufaktur. PT. US di Jawa Barat dapat meningkatkan kinerja perusahaannya melalui Lean manufacuring. Penelitian ini bertujuan meningkatkan produktivitas dengan mengidentifikasi dan menyeimbangkan proses kerja dan  meneliti penyebab lamanya cycle time melalui value stream mapping. Penelitian ini menghasilkan penurunan cycle time dari 538,96 detik menjadi 445,68 detik, penurunan personel 14 orang, penurunan biaya operasional man power Rp.18,2 juta per bulan, dan menurunkan lead time dari 14,5 hari menjadi 11,5 hari. Kata kunci: lean manufacturing, keseimbangan lini, peningkatan kapasitas, tact time, value stream mapping Abstract The pharmaceutical industry is facing increased competition, cost pressures and the need to improve the performance of its manufacturing operations. Lean manufacturing offer methods, tools and heuristic program for increasing productivity in manufacturing. PT. US in West Java, Indonesia can improve company performance with implementing Lean manufacturing. This study aims to improve productivity by identifying and balancing work and researching the causes of long cycle time with value stream mapping. This research resulted in a decrease cycle time of 538.96 seconds to 445.68 seconds, a decrease of 14 personnel, operating expenses decreased man power Rp.18, 2 million per month, and reduce the lead time of 14.5 days to 11.5 days . Key words: lean manufacturing, line balancing, capacity building, tact time,  value stream mapping

  14. KESESUAIAN LAHAN DAN REVITALISASI TAMBAK BUDIDAYA UDANG DI KAWASAN INDUSTRIALISASI KABUPATEN PROBOLINGGO PROVINSI JAWA TIMUR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Utojo Utojo

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menentukan kesesuaian lahan tambak budidaya udang di kawasan industrialisasi Kabupaten Probolinggo, Jawa Timur dan mengkaji strategi revitalisasi tambak berdasarkan hasil penelitian remediasi kualitas tanah dan air tambak. Data primer meliputi: topografi, lahan, dan hidrologi pesisir diperoleh melalui survai lapangan. Penentuan stasiun pengamatan dilakukan secara acak dan sistematik. Setiap lokasi pengambilan contoh ditentukan posisi koordinatnya dengan alat Global Positioning System (GPS. Data sekunder yang digunakan berupa data iklim, peta Rupa Bumi Indonesia kawasan Probolinggo skala 1:25.000 dan citra satelit ALOS AVNIR-2 tahun 2010. Data lapangan (topografi, pasang surut, fisika-kimia air dan tanah, data citra satelit ALOS AVNIR-2 dan data sekunder yang lain, dianalisis secara spasial menggunakan Sistem Informasi Geografi (SIG untuk memperoleh tingkat kesesuaian lahan. Berdasarkan hasil analisis kesesuaian lahan tambak dari total luasan tambak 2.143 ha, lahan yang sangat sesuai dan sesuai untuk budidaya udang yaitu 56 ha dan 618 ha. Lahan tersebut tersebar di Kecamatan Tongas dan Pajarakan. Lahan yang cukup sesuai ditemukan sebesar 1.235 ha, dan tersebar di Kecamatan Tongas, Sumberasih, Dringu, Gending, Kraksaan, Pajarakan, dan Paiton. Sedangkan lahan yang tidak sesuai yaitu 234 ha, terdapat di Kecamatan Sumberasih, Gending, dan Kraksaan. Percepatan target peningkatan produksi di tambak budidaya udang kawasan industrialisasi dapat dicapai melalui kesesuaian lahan dan revitalisasi tambak (perbaikan kualitas tanah dan air.

  15. Iluminasi Dan Ilustrasi Naskah Jawa Di Perpustakaan Sana Pustaka Karaton Surakarta (Sebuah Kajian Kodikologis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sisyono Eko Widodo

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan mengidentifikasi iluminasi dan ilustrasi di dalam naskah Jawa di Perpustakaan Sana Pustaka Karaton Surakarta dan mendeskripsikan bentuk­bentuknya. Data dikumpulkan dengan teknik analisis isi, fotografi, dan wawancara. Dari 700 naskah, terdapat 48 judul naskah yang mengandung iluminasi maupun ilustrasi dalam berbagai bentuk motif. Ada 15 naskah beriluminasi, 22 naskah berilustrasi, dan 11 naskah yang mengandung iluminasi dan ilustrasi. Berdasarkan fungsinya, iluminasi dapat dibedakan menjadi tiga, yaitu: iluminasi sebagai bingkai teks, iluminasi sebagai pembatas teks, dan iluminasi sebagai hiasan teks. Bentuk ilustrasi dapat diklasifikasikan ke dalam beberapa macam, yaitu duwung, kuluk, senjata, wayang, bendera, song­song, konstruksi kerangka rumah, dan kampuh. Adapun bentuk gabungan antara iluminasi dan ilustrasi berupa bentuk wayang, mahkota, senjata, dedaunan dan bunga­bungaan, bangunan rumah, serta mobil. Abstract: This research aims to identify illumination and illustration contained in the Javanese manuscripts in the Sana Pustaka Karaton Surakarta library and describe the form of them. The data collected through content analysis, photography, and interview. Among 700 manuscripts, there are 48 titles containing illumination and illustration in many forms and motifs. There are 15 manuscript illuminated, 22 manuscript illustrated, and 11 manuscript are the combination of illumination and illustration. According to the function, there are 3 classification of illuminations: 1 illumination as a text frame. 2 illumination as a text barrier, and 3 illumination as a text ornament. The form of Illustration can be classified into several types, namely duwung, kuluk, weapon, puppet, flag, song­song, construction of house structure, and kampuh. The combination form of illumination and illustration has the shape of puppet, thrown, weapon, foliage and flower, car, and house construction. Key Words: Javanese manuscript

  16. JENIS HERPETOFAUNA DI CAGAR ALAM DAN TAMAN WISATA ALAM PENGANDARAN JAWA BARAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Syafa'at Ariful Huda

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to determine the type of Herpetofauna that often appear in the area Cikamal and Cirengganis. This research was conducted in West Java precisely in Nature Tourism and Pangandaran Nature Reserve. The method used in this research is descriptive qualitative with field research approach (VES. Visual Encounter Survey (VES along the river and river body. The data obtained is analyzed first with the calculation of the number and calculation of the percentage of research results. From the results of this study get 2 types of herpetofauna consisting of amphibians and reptiles. Amphibians consist of a type of frog and type of bangkong. While only the type of lizard reptile found in the two locations. Amphibians and reptiles are found: Type of frog (Fajervarya limnocharis, Rana chalconata, Microdiscus sp, Hylidae, type of bangkong (Microhyla achatina, Bufonidae and Lizard Type (Spenomorphus sp.Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui jenis Herpetofauna yang sering muncul di daerah Cikamal dan Cirengganis. Penelitian ini dilakukan di Jawa Barat tepatnya di Wisata Alam dan Cagar Alam Pangandaran. Metode yang digunakan dalam penelitian adalah deskriptif kualitatif dengan pendekatan riset lapangan (VES. Visual Encounter Survey (VES dengan menyusuri Sungai dan badan Sungai. Data yang diperoleh dianalisis terlebih dahulu dengan perhitungan jumlah dan perhitungan persentase hasil penelitian. Dari hasil penelitian kali ini mendapatkan 2 jenis herpetofauna yang terdiri dari amfibi dan reptil. Amfibi terdiri dari jenis katak dan jenis bangkong. Sedangkan reptil hanya jenis kadal yang di temukan di dua lokasi tersebut. Amfibi dan reptil yang ditemukan yaitu: Jenis katak (Fajervarya limnocharis, Rana chalconata, Microdiscus sp, Hylidae, jenis bangkong (Microhyla achatina, Bufonidae dan Jenis Kadal (Spenomorphus sp.

  17. Samen in Zee met Zelfregulatie: Een Design-Based Aanpak met Vmbo Leraren

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jossberger, Helen; Brand-Gruwel, Saskia; Boshuizen, Els; Van de Wiel, Margje

    2010-01-01

    Jossberger, H., Brand-Gruwel, S., Boshuizen, H. P. A., & Van der Wiel, M. (2010, June). Samen in Zee met Zelfregulatie: Een Design-Based Aanpak met Vmbo Leraren. Poster presented at the 37th Onderwijs Research Dagen (ORD), Enschede, Nederland.

  18. MetBaro - Pressure Instrument for Mars MetNet Lander

    Science.gov (United States)

    Polkko, J.; Haukka, H.; Harri, A.-M.; Schmidt, W.; Leinonen, J.; Mäkinen, T.

    2009-04-01

    THE METNET MISSION FOCUSED ON THE Martian atmospheric science is based on a new semihard landing vehicle called the MetNet Lander (MNL). The MNL will have a versatile science payload focused on the atmospheric science of Mars. The scientific payload of the MetNet Mission encompasses separate instrument packages for the atmospheric entry and descent phase and for the surface operation phase. MetBaro is the pressure instrument of MetNet Lander designed to work on Martian surface. It is based on Barocap® technology developed by Vaisala, Inc. MetBaro is a capacitic type of sensing device where capasitor plates are moved by ambient pressure. MetBaro device consists of two pressure transducers including a total of 6 Barocap® sensor heads of high-stability and high-resolution types. The long-term stability of MetBaro is in order of 20…50 µBar and resolution a few µBar. MetBaro is small, lightweighed and has low power consumption. It weighs about 50g without wires and controlling FPGA, and consumes 15 mW of power. A similar device has successfully flown in Phoenix mission, where it performed months of measurements on Martian ground. Another device is also part of the Mars Science Laboratory REMS instrument (to be launched in 2011).

  19. MEMS Logic Using Mixed-Frequency Excitation

    KAUST Repository

    Ilyas, Saad

    2017-06-22

    We present multi-function microelectromechanical systems (MEMS) logic device that can perform the fundamental logic gate AND, OR, universal logic gates NAND, NOR, and a tristate logic gate using mixed-frequency excitation. The concept is based on exciting combination resonances due to the mixing of two or more input signals. The device vibrates at two steady states: a high state when the combination resonance is activated and a low state when no resonance is activated. These vibration states are assigned to logical value 1 or 0 to realize the logic gates. Using ac signals to drive the resonator and to execute the logic inputs unifies the input and output wave forms of the logic device, thereby opening the possibility for cascading among logic devices. We found that the energy consumption per cycle of the proposed logic resonator is higher than those of existing technologies. Hence, integration of such logic devices to build complex computational system needs to take into consideration lowering the total energy consumption. [2017-0041

  20. Inhaken met sociale media in 60 minuten

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Thijs Waardenburg; Komala Mazerant

    2018-01-01

    Met creatieve content die slim inhaakt op actuele gebeurtenissen kun je elke dag nieuwe mensen bereiken. Goedkoper dan adverteren op sociale media, en sympathieker bovendien.Thijs Waardenburg en Komala Mazerant leggen uit hoe je kansrijke inhakers bedenkt en communiceert om je bereik op sociale