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Sample records for ljovin ye bondar

  1. Mauritinus seferi Bondar, 1960: bionomy, description of immature stages and redescription of adult (Coleoptera, Curculionidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barbosa Márcio Luís Leitão

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Mature larvae of Mauritinus seferi Bondar, 1960 were collected in the mesocarp of murity palm (Mauritia flexuosa Linnaeus, in the State of Pará, Brazil. Larvae were reared to pupa and adults in the laboratory. Mature larva and pupa are described and adult redescribed. Adult and immature are illustrated for the first time. Observations about bionomy are included and discussed.

  2. My Mother—Ye Hua

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    SIAO; WEIJIA

    2000-01-01

    Ye Hua (Eva Siao) is one of the few Westerners who witnessed the Chinese revolution, and also one of the few of Western extraction who linked their fate with the revolutionary movement after the founding of New China. She married poet Siao San and China together. She not only shared a common fate with the Chinese people, but also recorded the Chinese revolution, construction and the years of reform with her pen and camera. Her experience and photographs have touched the cords of numerous overseas audien...

  3. Lifting of a sector block for YE-2 at Kawasaki.

    CERN Multimedia

    R. Loveless/U. of Wisconsin

    2000-01-01

    YE-2 is build from machined sector blocks. Trial assembly is carried out horizontally. This picture represents the lifting of a machined sector block destined to the trial assembly of a half disk YE-2 at Kawasaki (KHI) Kobe, Japan.

  4. Sequential sampling of Bemisia tuberculata (Bondar, 1923 (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae on cassava crop

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ANTONIO S. SILVA

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Estimate efficiently of the whitefly population (Bemisia tuberculata Bondar in cassava, to assist in decision making of pest control is one of the advantages of sequential sampling plans. Therefore, the objective of this study was to determine a sequential sampling plan according to two methods of pest management, using biological and/or chemical control. Samples were obtained in a commercial field of 2.500,00 m2, divided into 100 plots. The visualization method was used for sampling of the upper leaves by counting the number of adults. In total 15 samples were taken weekly from January to April 2012. The spatial distribution model which best fit to the behavior of B. tuberculata adults was the negative binomial distribution. Levels adapted for biological and chemical control were five and twenty adults per plant, respectively. Sampling plans resulted in two decisions for each proposed method. Thus, for population control the upper limit was defined as S1 = 4.2056 + 2.1540n (biological and S1 = 20.219 + 10.4306n (chemical; and the lower limit where the pest control is not recommended was defined by S0 = -4.2056 + 2.1540n (biological and S0 = -20.219 + 10.4306n (chemical. Sequential sampling estimated the maximum number of sample units necessary for decision-making of three samples with 1.34 adults for biological control and 3.85 sample units with 7.39 adult pests for chemical control.

  5. Toxicity of neem oil to the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar (Acari: Tetranychidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Amanda C.B Silva

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Neem (Azadirachta indica A. Juss.-derived pesticides have been used against a wide range of agricultural pests including tetranychid mites. Approaches combining lethal and sublethal toxicity studies of neem pesticides towards tetranychid mites are necessary to a comprehensive evaluation of such products. Here, we evaluated the lethal and sublethal toxicity of the neem oil Bioneem to the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar by integrating lethal concentration (LC with population growth and biological parameter studies. According to Probit analyses the concentration of neem oil Bioneem which kills 50% of the population (LC50 of M. tanajoa was 3.28 ¼L cm-2, which is roughly twice the field concentration recommended of this biopesticide to control pest mites (1.7 ¼L cm-2. The growth rate of the cassava green mite steadily decreased with dosages of neem oil. Furthermore, sublethal concentrations of the neem oil corresponding to the LC50 reduced the periods of the immature stages of M. tanajoa resulting in a shorter developmental time. Similarly, the number of eggs per day and the number of eggs per female per day, a proxy for fecundity, were drastically reduced in M. tanajoa females exposed to the LC50 of neem oil. Based on our comprehensive approach we conclude that the neem oil showed lethal as well as sublethal toxicity on growth rate and biological parameters such as duration of immature stages and fecundity of the cassava green mite M. tanajoa and it could be used as an ecological alternative for the management of this pest.

  6. A rapid and non-destructive method to assess leaf injury caused by the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar) (Acarina: Tetranychidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomkiewicz, Jonna; Skovgård, Henrik; Nachman, Gösta;

    1993-01-01

    A relative scale of Leaf Damage Indices (LDI) from 0 to 5 describes the visible injury to leaves of cassava, Manihot esculenta Crantz caused by the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar). As the scale is ordinal and thus not quantitative, the observed LDIs are converted individually...

  7. Clinkering and hydration of belite-ye'elimite-alite cement

    OpenAIRE

    Londono-Zuluaga, Diana; Tobón, Jorge Iván; Aranda, Miguel A. G.; SANTACRUZ, ISABEL; De la Torre, Angeles G.

    2017-01-01

    Some belite-ye´elimite-ferrite (BYF) cements present low mechanical strengths mainly due to the slow reactivity of belite. A solution to this problem may be the activation of BYF clinkers by preparing them with a coexistence of alite and ye´elimite, which are known as belite-alite-ye´elimite (BAY) cements. The objective of this work was the preparation of BAY mortars that show higher mechanical strengths than BYF mortars. In order to attain this, the clinkering conditions to prepare BAY-c...

  8. Ye Qiaobo Doesn’t Regret The Struggle

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1994-01-01

    WITH tears in her eyes, Ye Qiaobo stood on the awards platform at the 17th Winter Olympic Games held in 1994 in Lillehammer, Norway. She alone knew how hard it had been to win the bronze medal for the 1000-meter race in women’s speed skating. Ye started skating when she was ten years old. For more than 20 years, she has suffered much but has never stopped moving forward. She has displayed even greater tenacity when she is injured.

  9. Curculio Curculis lupus: biology, behavior and morphology of immatures of the cannibal weevil Anchylorhynchus eriospathae G. G. Bondar, 1943

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bená, Daniela de Cássia; Vanin, Sergio Antonio

    2014-01-01

    Weevils are one of the largest groups of living organisms, with more than 60,000 species feeding mostly on plants. With only one exception, their described larvae are typical plant-feeders, with mouthparts adapted to chewing plant material. Here we describe the second case of a weevil with early-instar larvae adapted to killing conspecifics. We have studied the life history of Anchylorhynchus eriospathae G. G. Bondar, 1943 (Curculioninae: Derelomini sensu Caldara, Franz & Oberprieler (2014)), a species whose immatures feed internally on palm flowers and fruits. We provide detailed descriptions of all immature stages, including the extremely modified first-instar larva. Unlike other weevils and later instars, this stage exhibits a flat body with very long ventropedal lobe setae, a large and prognathous head with a gula, and falciform mandibles, each with a serrate retinaculum, that are used to fight with and eventually kill other first-instar larvae. We also provide biological notes on all stages and the results of behavioral tests that showed that larval aggression occurs only among early life stages. Finally we show that adult size is highly dependent on timing of oviposition. This specialized killer first instar probably evolved independently from the one other case known in weevils, in Revena rubiginosa (Conoderinae: Bariditae sensu Prena, Colonnelli & Hespenheide (2014)). Interestingly, both lineages inhabit the same hosts, raising the possibility that both intra- and inter-specific competition shaped those phenotypes. Given the scarcity of knowledge on early larval stages of concealed insect herbivores, it is possible that our findings represent an instance of a much broader phenomenon. Our observations also allowed us to conclude that Anchylorhynchus eriospathae and A. hatschbachi G. G. Bondar, 1943 are actually the same species, which we synonymize here by considering the latter as a junior synonym (new synonymy). PMID:25101231

  10. Alite-ye'elimite cement: Synthesis and mineralogical analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ma, Suhua [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Snellings, Ruben [Laboratory of Construction Materials, Institute of Materials, Ecole Polytechnique Fédéral de Lausanne, Station 12, CH-1015 Ecublens (Switzerland); Li, Xuerun [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Shen, Xiaodong, E-mail: xdshen@njut.edu.cn [State Key Laboratory of Materials-Oriented Chemical Engineering, College of Materials Science and Engineering, Nanjing University of Technology, Nanjing 210009 (China); Scrivener, Karen L. [Laboratory of Construction Materials, Institute of Materials, Ecole Polytechnique Fédéral de Lausanne, Station 12, CH-1015 Ecublens (Switzerland)

    2013-03-15

    Alite-ye'elimite cement is an alternative cement that combines desirable characteristics of calcium sulfoaluminate cements and Portland cement in that it shows improved strength development at early age while retaining high portlandite contents. The key problem in the clinkering process is to produce the alite-ye'elimite phase assemblage so that both phases can co-exist. In this study, a new synthesis method is proposed to achieve the coexistence of alite and ye'elimite consisting of a secondary heat treatment step at 1250 °C after regular Portland clinker firing at 1450 °C. Quantitative X-ray powder diffraction and electron microscopy were used to analyze the phase composition of clinker before and after the secondary heat treatment. The results show that ye'elimite develops during secondary heat treatment of calcium sulphate enriched clinker by reaction of C{sub 3}A and sulphate phases. Additional ferrite is formed as result of rejection of Fe originally in solid solution with C{sub 3}A during ye'elimite formation.

  11. Synthesis of active Belite-Alite-Ye'elimite clinker (BAY)

    OpenAIRE

    Zea-Garcia, Jesus D.; Aranda, M. A. G.; De la Torre, Angeles G.; Santacruz, I.

    2016-01-01

    Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is an environmentally contentious material, as for every ton of OPC produced, on average, 0.97 tons of CO2 are released. Ye'elimite-rich cements are considered as eco-cements because their manufacturing process releases less CO2 into the atmosphere than OPC; this is due to the low calcite demand. Belite-Alite-Ye’elimite (BAY) cements are promising eco-friendly building materials as OPC substitutes at a large scale. The reaction of alite and ye´elimite with water...

  12. Lowering End-cap YE-1 in the CMS cavern

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    On Tuesday 22 January, the dance of the CMS end-caps came to an end with the lowering of YE-1, the heaviest of them all. After a spectacular lowering operation lsting ten hours, this mammoth component completed the 100-metre descent and was gently placed on the floor of the CMS cavern to the applause of the many onlookers.

  13. Selection of Beauveria bassiana (Bals. Vuill. and Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch. Sorok. for the control of the mite Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barreto Rodrigo Soares

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available The green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar (Acari: Tetranychidae, is considered to be one of the key pests in cassava, Manihot esculenta Crants, leading to considerable field losses. In this study, ten Beauveria bassiana (Bals. Vuill. and ten Metarhizium anisopliae (Metsch. Sorok. isolates were evaluated with regard to their potential as biological control agents against adult M. tanajoa females. The total mortality percentage of M. tanajoa caused by B. bassiana ranged from 13.0 to 97.0%, with confirmed mortality rates extending from 9.0 to 91.0% and LT50 varying from 4.2 to 17.0 days. The M. anisopliae isolates showed total mortality percentages ranging from 12.0 to 45.0% with confirmed mortality rates extending from 8.0 to 45.0%, and LT50 varying from 8.6 to 19.8 days. Lethal Concentrations (LC50 of 3.93 × 10(6 conidia mL-1 and 7.44 × 10(8 conidia mL-1 were determined for B. bassiana and M. anisopliae, respectively. B. bassiana isolate 645 was the most efficient, being an alternative for use in biological control programs against the cassava green mite.

  14. Hydration mechanisms of two polymorphs of synthetic ye'elimite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cuesta, A.; Álvarez-Pinazo, G. [Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Málaga, Campus Teatinos S/N. 29071-Málaga (Spain); Sanfélix, S.G. [Unidad Técnica de Investigación de Materiales, AIDICO, Avda. Benjamín Franklin, 17 Paterna, Valencia (Spain); Peral, I. [ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Carretera BP 1413, Km. 3.3, E-08290 Cerdanyola, Barcelona (Spain); Aranda, M.A.G. [Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Málaga, Campus Teatinos S/N. 29071-Málaga (Spain); ALBA-CELLS Synchrotron, Carretera BP 1413, Km. 3.3, E-08290 Cerdanyola, Barcelona (Spain); De la Torre, A.G., E-mail: mgd@uma.es [Departamento de Química Inorgánica, Universidad de Málaga, Campus Teatinos S/N. 29071-Málaga (Spain)

    2014-09-15

    Ye'elimite is the main phase in calcium sulfoaluminate cements and also a key phase in sulfobelite cements. However, its hydration mechanism is not well understood. Here we reported new data on the hydration behavior of ye'elimite using synchrotron and laboratory powder diffraction coupled to the Rietveld methodology. Both internal and external standard methodologies have been used to determine the overall amorphous contents. We have addressed the standard variables: water-to-ye'elimite ratio and additional sulfate sources of different solubilities. Moreover, we report a deep study of the role of the polymorphism of pure ye'elimites. The hydration behavior of orthorhombic stoichiometric and pseudo-cubic solid-solution ye'elimites is discussed. In the absence of additional sulfate sources, stoichiometric-ye'elimite reacts slower than solid-solution-ye'elimite, and AFm-type phases are the main hydrated crystalline phases, as expected. Moreover, solid-solution-ye'elimite produces higher amounts of ettringite than stoichiometric-ye'elimite. However, in the presence of additional sulfates, stoichiometric-ye'elimite reacts faster than solid-solution-ye'elimite.

  15. Prof. Ye Chuanhui's Experience in Treating Nephritic Proteinuria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭立中; 刘玉宁; 王红梅

    2002-01-01

    @@ In the occurrence and development of glomerulonephritis, proteinuria is themain manifestation, which is easily recurrent but not easily got rid of in a short period of time. It may remain even after disappearance of the general symptoms. In some patients, there are no symptoms and signs at all in the initial stage, except proteinuria, the only distinct manifestation. Prof. Ye Chuanhui, from Chengdu University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, has accumulated rich experience for treating this disorder, which is introduced in the following.

  16. Lowering the YE+1 end-cap for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    On 9 January 2007, the massive YE+1 end-cap was lowered into the CMS cavern. This is a very precise process as the crane must lower the end-cap through minimal clearance without tilt or sway. Once in the cavern, the end-cap is then positioned over the end of the barrel to detect particles produced in collisions that travel close to the axis of the beams.

  17. La lutte contre la cochenille du manioc Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero et l'acarien vert Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar au Zaïre : Bilan des recherches

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tata-Hangy, K.

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Control of the Cassava Mealybug Phenacoccus Manihoti Matile-Ferrero and the Cassava Green Mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar in Zaire : A Review. Since their accidental introductions in Zaire, the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero and the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar in the early 1970s, cassava is exposed to considerable yield loss and great reduction in quantity and quality of the planting material. Several attempts to control these exotic pests, including cultural and chemical methods as well as breeding for the host plant resistance were undertaken. Cultural control revealed to be efficient, but it is limited in its use. Chemical control is also limited due to socio-economic constraints. Although the use of resistant varieties is promising, breeding process is very slow. However, the results achieved through the establishment of an exoticparasitic wasp, Epidinocarsis lopezi DeSantis and other two exotic predators Diomus sp. and Hyperaspis notata on CM. indicate that biological control method counts for the most efficient method in controlling the two major cassava pests. More attention is now paid to the combination of several control strategies in order to achieve a sound and sustainable cassava pest management.

  18. Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model as Liouville quantum mechanics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagrets, Dmitry; Altland, Alexander; Kamenev, Alex

    2016-10-01

    We show that the proper inclusion of soft reparameterization modes in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model of N randomly interacting Majorana fermions reduces its long-time behavior to that of Liouville quantum mechanics. As a result, all zero temperature correlation functions decay with the universal exponent ∝τ - 3 / 2 for times larger than the inverse single particle level spacing τ ≫ Nln ⁡ N. In the particular case of the single particle Green function this behavior is manifestation of the zero-bias anomaly, or scaling in energy as ɛ 1 / 2. We also present exact diagonalization study supporting our conclusions.

  19. Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model as Liouville Quantum Mechanics

    CERN Document Server

    Bagrets, Dmitry; Kamenev, Alex

    2016-01-01

    We show that the proper inclusion of soft reparameterization modes in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model of $N$ randomly interacting Majorana fermions reduces its long-time behavior to that of Liouville quantum mechanics. As a result, all zero temperature correlation functions decay with the universal exponent $\\propto \\tau^{-3/2}$ for times larger than the inverse single particle level spacing $\\tau\\gg N\\ln N$. In the particular case of the single particle Green function this behavior is manifestation of the zero-bias anomaly, or scaling in energy as $\\epsilon^{1/2}$. We also present exact diagonalization study supporting our conclusions.

  20. Innovative /ye/ and /we/ sequences in recent loans in Japanese

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vance, Timothy; Matsugu, Yuka

    2005-04-01

    The GV sequences /ye/ and /we/ do not occur in Japanese except perhaps in recent loans. Katakana spellings of the relevant loans in authoritative dictionaries are inconsistent, and it is not clear whether native speakers treat them as containing the GV sequences /ye/ and /we/ or as containing the VV sequences /ie/ and /ue/. Native speakers of Japanese with minimal exposure to spoken English were recorded producing some relevant loans in response to picture prompts. The same speakers were also recorded producing some native words containing uncontroversial /ie/ and /ue/ sequences. All the productions are being analyzed acoustically to determine whether they show the expected contrast between GV and VV sequences. A VV sequence is disyllabic (and bimoraic) and should therefore have greater duration and more gradual formant movements than a monosyllabic (and monomoraic) GV sequence. Utterance-initially, a VV sequence should have a LH pitch pattern and should be preceded by a nondistinctive glottal stop, whereas a GV sequence should have a H pitch pattern and should have smooth onset.

  1. Comments on the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model

    CERN Document Server

    Maldacena, Juan

    2016-01-01

    We study a quantum mechanical model proposed by Sachdev, Ye and Kitaev. The model consists of $N$ Majorana fermions with random interactions of a few fermions at a time. It it tractable in the large $N$ limit, where the classical variable is a bilocal fermion bilinear. The model becomes strongly interacting at low energies where it develops an emergent conformal symmetry. We study two and four point functions of the fundamental fermions. This provides the spectrum of physical excitations for the bilocal field. The emergent conformal symmetry is a reparametrization symmetry, which is spontaneously broken to $SL(2,R)$, leading to zero modes. These zero modes are lifted by a small residual explicit breaking, which produces an enhanced contribution to the four point function. This contribution displays a maximal Lyapunov exponent in the chaos region (out of time ordered correlator). We expect these features to be universal properties of large $N$ quantum mechanics systems with emergent reparametrization symmetry....

  2. An Epitome of Devotion and Moral Integrity-A Biographical Sketch of Prof. Ye Duzheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Congbin; Yan Xiaodong; Wu Guoxiong; Wang Huijun

    2003-01-01

    @@ Just as his name indicates, among Chinese scientists Prof. Ye Duzheng is an epitome of whole-hearted devotion to science and moral integrity in personal character. As one of the founders and pacesetters of Chinese atmospheric science, Prof.

  3. Remarks on the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maldacena, Juan; Stanford, Douglas

    2016-11-01

    We study a quantum-mechanical model proposed by Sachdev, Ye and Kitaev. The model consists of N Majorana fermions with random interactions of a few fermions at a time. It it tractable in the large-N limit, where the classical variable is a bilocal fermion bilinear. The model becomes strongly interacting at low energies where it develops an emergent conformal symmetry. We study two- and four-point functions of the fundamental fermions. This provides the spectrum of physical excitations for the bilocal field. The emergent conformal symmetry is a reparametrization symmetry, which is spontaneously broken to S L (2 ,R ) , leading to zero modes. These zero modes are lifted by a small residual explicit breaking, which produces an enhanced contribution to the four-point function. This contribution displays a maximal Lyapunov exponent in the chaos region (out-of-time-ordered correlator). We expect these features to be universal properties of large-N quantum mechanics systems with emergent reparametrization symmetry. This article is largely based on talks given by Kitaev, which motivated us to work out the details of the ideas described there.

  4. PAIRWISE ASSOCIATION AS A CRITERION FOR THE SELECTION OF COLLECTION SITES OF NATURAL ENEMIES OF THE CASSAVA GREEN MITE, Mononychellus tanajoa (BONDAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    RODRIGUES G.S.

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Climatic similarity has been the primary parameter considered in the selection of sites for the collection and release of natural enemies in classical biological control programs. However, acknowledging the relevance of the composition of biological communities can be essential for improving the record of successful biocontrol projects, in relation to the proper selection of collection sites. We present in this paper an analysis of the plant and mite assemblages in cassava fields of northeastern Brazil. Such analysis is suggested as an additional criterion for the selection of collection sites of mite predators of the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar, in an international biological control program. Contingency TABLES were built using Dice's index as an indicator of significant associations between pairs of species. This analysis enabled the identification of plant and mite species typically found together, indicating interspecific interactions or similar ecological requirements. Finally, a cluster analysis was used to group sites containing similar assemblages. These sites exhibit comparable chances of harboring a given species. Applied at the species-group level, the analysis may assist in better defining sites for the collection of natural enemies to be released in a given region, improving the chances of establishment.

  5. Local criticality, diffusion and chaos in generalized Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev models

    CERN Document Server

    Gu, Yingfei; Stanford, Douglas

    2016-01-01

    The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model is a $(0+1)$-dimensional model describing Majorana fermions or complex fermions with random interactions. This model has various interesting properties such as approximate local criticality (power law correlation in time), zero temperature entropy, and quantum chaos. In this article, we propose a higher dimensional generalization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model, which is a lattice model with $N$ Majorana fermions at each site and random interactions between them. Our model can be defined on arbitrary lattices in arbitrary spatial dimensions. In the large $N$ limit, the higher dimensional model preserves many properties of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model such as local criticality in two-point functions, zero temperature entropy and chaos measured by the out-of-time-ordered correlation functions. In addition, we obtain new properties unique to higher dimensions such as diffusive energy transport and a "butterfly velocity" describing the propagation of chaos in space. We mainly present res...

  6. [Ye De-ming: a famous expert of acupuncture and moxibustion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yi; Liu, Wei

    2009-05-01

    Ye De-ming is a famous old doctor of Chinese medicine of the first occasion in Chengdu city, a chief physician, and a representative figure of special school of thought in acupuncture and moxibustion science, Ye's gold needle. He is called "Ye's gold needle". He has served clinic for many years, bringing benefit to the patients by unique acupuncture manipulation method, point prescription and paying attention to the congenital and acquired theories. He successively sets up the department of gold needle in two municipal hospitals, building the echelon of talented persons and forming an extensive department laying equal stress on the outpatient service and inpatient service. He gives a lecture in training class of gold needle, passing on experience, and he makes important contribution for development of acupuncture and moxibustion science.

  7. From climate to global change: Following the footprint of Prof. Duzheng YE's research

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fu, Congbin

    2017-10-01

    To commemorate 100 years since the birth of Professor Duzheng YE, this paper reviews the contribution of Ye and his research team to the development from climate to global change science in the past 30 or so years, including: (1) the role of climate change in global change; (2) the critical time scales and predictability of global change; (3) the sensitive regions of global change—transitional zones of climate and ecosystems; and (4) orderly human activities and adaptation to global change, with a focus on the development of a proactive strategy for adaptation to such change.

  8. CMS RPC detectors assembled in Pakistan installed on the backside of the YE+1 endcap yoke

    CERN Multimedia

    Walter Van Doninck, VUB-Brussels and CERN

    2006-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are sensitive to the passage of muons and provide a "trigger" signal for CMS. This image shows RPC detectors, which were assembled in Pakistan, installed on the backside of an endcap yoke disc, known as YE+1.

  9. Last tango in mid-air for CMS : lowering End-cap YE-1

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual service

    2008-01-01

    On Tuesday 22 January, the dance of the CMS end-caps came to an end with the lowering of YE-1, the heaviest of them all. After a spectacular lowering operation lsting ten hours, this mammoth component completed the 100-metre descent and was gently placed on the floor of the CMS cavern to the applause of the many onlookers.

  10. Progress on CMS detector lowering: the YE+2 section arriving in the cavern

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    On 12 December, a further section of the detector (YE+2) containing the cathode strip chamber made the 10-hour journey underground. This piece is 16 m high and weighs 880 tonnes. There are now four sections of the detector in the experimental cavern, with a further 11 to follow.

  11. Influence de l'âge de la feuille sur les paramètres biologiques et les populations de l'acarien vert du manioc Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari: tetranychidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badegana, AM.

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available The Effect of Leaf Age on the Cassava Green Mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari: Tetranychidae Biological Parameters and Population Growth Rates. The study of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz leaf age effect on Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar biological parameters and population growth rates was studied in laboratory (T= 24-26 °C; RH= 70-90%. The local Dschang cultivar was used and the study concerned the 15, 40, 65, 90 and 115 days old leaves. The results obtained show that the egg incubation duration was the longest (6.4 days and that of the deutonymph stage the shortest one (1.9 days. The hatching rate was very high (98%. There was no significant difference (p= 0.05 between the developmental stages of M. tanajoa reared on the leaves of different ages. On the contrary fecundity whatever it is daily or total was high on young leaves and small on the old ones. The correlation coefficient between the leaf age and the intrinsic rate of increase (rm was -0.896 and that obtained between the net reproduction rate (Ro and the leaf age -0.966. These coefficients are negative and in absolute value near to one; which shows that the more the leaf is old, the more the M. tanajoa population growth is little. The M. tanajoa population growth is therefore fast on young leaves and slow on the old ones.

  12. The Distributional Data of Simuliidae (Insecta, Diptera Species in Yeşilirmak River (Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Başören Özge

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available This research aims to investigate the Simuliidae fauna of Yeşilırmak River basin and determine the species composition of the collecting sites. The study was carried out in July 2008 and June 2009. One genus and eleven species (Metacnephia sp., Metacnephia subalpina, Simulium (Eusimulium angustipes, Simulium (Nevermannia costatum, Simulium (Simulium argenteostriatum, Simulium (Simulium bezzii, Simulium (Simulium ornatum, Simulium (Simulium trifasciatum, Simulium (Simulium variegatum, Simulium (Wilhelmia balcanicum, Simulium (Wilhelmia lineatum and Simulium (Wilhelmia pseudequinum were recorded from 16 collecting sites. The distribution and abundance of Simuliidae species reflect the changes in water quality of Yeşilırmak River, due to agricultural activities and urban areas.

  13. THE PREPARATION AND COMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF ALITE-YE'ELIMITE WITH INDUSTRIAL WASTES

    OpenAIRE

    Yueyang Hu; Suhua Ma; Li Weifeng; Shen Xiaodong

    2016-01-01

    Alite-ye'elimite clinker is a high cementing clinker that is prepared by introducing calcium sulfoaluminate, a non-silicate mineral, into cement clinker. The industrial residue was used to produce cement clinker. The relationship of the aluminate modulus (IM) and the mineral composition and mechanics of tricalcium silicate-rich sulfur aluminate cement is reported. The effects of the aluminate modulus on the phase compositions, morphology and compressive strength were investigated. The phase m...

  14. [The importance of works of the G.Ye. Rhein commission for public health in Russia].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Egorysheva, I V

    2013-01-01

    The article analyses the history of development, functioning and historical importance of works of imperially established interdepartmental commission for revision of medical sanitary legislation (the G.Ye. Rhein commissions 1912-1916). The commission developed several progressive legislation projects which were not accepted by medical community of Russia. On the contrary, these proposals were implemented by Narkomzdrav of the Russian Soviet Federative Socialist Republic.

  15. Series expansions for the incomplete Lipschitz-Hankel integralYe 0(a, z)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mechaik, Mehdi M.; Dvorak, Steven L.

    1996-03-01

    Three series expansions are derived for the incomplete Lipschitz-Hankel integral YeO(a, z) for complex-valued a and z. Two novel expansions are obtained by using contour integration techniques to evaluate the inverse Laplace transform representation for YeO(a, z). A third expansion is obtained by replacing the Neumann function by its Neumann series representation and integrating the resulting terms. An algorithm is outlined which chooses the most efficient expansion for given values of a and z. Comparisons of numerical results for these series expansions with those obtained by using numerical integration routines show that the expansions are very efficient and yield accurate results even for values of a and z for which numerical integration fails to converge. The integral representations for YeO(a, z) obtained in this paper are combined with previously obtained integral representations for Jeo(a, z) to derive integral representations for HeO(1) (a, z) and HeO(2) (α, z). Recurrence relations can be used to efficiently compute higher-order incomplete Lipschitz-Hankel integrals and to find integral representations and series expansions for these special functions and many other related functions.

  16. Evolution journalière du sex-ratio dans une population de Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari: Tetranychidae en laboratoire, paramètres de la dynamique des populations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badegana, AM.

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Sex-ratio Daily Evolution in a Population of Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari: Tetranychidae in the Laboratory, Population Dynamics Parameters. The sex-ratio (100.males/females of offsprings laid by fertilized female parents of Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar and its daily evolution was studied in the laboratory. The highest sex-ratio value 900 (90.0% male offsprings was obtained on the first day of the oviposition and the lowest value 7.2 (6.7% male offsprings on the 16th day of the oviposition period which lasted 38.1 ± 4.9 days (mean ± standard deviation. From a total number of 118.0 ± 10.9 offsprings, 94.0 ± 10.5 (on the average 79.7% were ''laid'' during the first half of the oviposition period. The results also show that from a total number of 88.0 ± 8.3 female offsprings, 74.0 ± 8.0 (84.1% were ''laid'' during the first half of the oviposition period whereas from a total number of 30.0 ± 2.7 male offsprings, 20.0 ± 2.5 (66.7% were ''laid'' within the same period. The sex-ratio of each fertilized female parent was 31.9 ± 1.7 (24.2% ± 1.0% male offsprings and the sex-ratio within the population was 34.0 ± 0.0 (25.4% ± 0.1% male offsprings. The intrinsic rate of increase, and the rate of multiplication in one generation were 0.1380 and 79.23 respectively.

  17. Sensibilité à Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari : Tetranychidae de quelques cultivars de manioc (Manihot esculenta Crantz et incidence des attaques sur le rendement, dans la région des hauts plateaux de l'Ouest Cameroun

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Badegana, AM.

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Sensibility to Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar (Acari : Tetranychidae of some Cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz, Cultivars and Effect of Damage on Yield Loss in the Cameroonian Western High-lands. The study of the sensibility towards the green mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar of some cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz cultivars and the assessment of the effect of damage on the yield losses was carried out in the Western highlands of Cameroon. Four cassava cultivars were used : two local (Dschang and Njombe and two improved varieties (IITA 8017 and IITA 82516. The results obtained showed that the density (mites number/cm2 of leaf area was low during the rainy season and high during the dry season, which means that rains reduce the mite population by washing or lead the mites to death. The highest mean density (3.40 mites/cm2 of leaf area was obtained on the local Njombe cultivar which is consequently the most sensitive. On the contrary, the local Dschang cultivar, with the lowest mite density (1.40 mites/cm2 of leaf area was the most resistant followed by the IITA 8017 cultivar (1.74 mites/cm2. The IITA82516 cultivar had a mean density of2.65 mites/cm2. Yield losses ranged from 36.90 % for IITA 8017 (1.74 mites/cm2 and damages level of 2.75 to 58.70 % for local Dschang (3.40 mites/cm2 and damages level of 3.84. Local Dschang cultivar (1.40 mites/cm2 and damage level of 2.96 and IITA 82516 (2.65 mites/cm2 and damage level of 2.96 had a yield losse of38.10 % and 41.80 %. The results showed that higher the mite density and damage level are, higher is the yield loss, unless the cultivar is tolerant.

  18. The Native Origins of the Paekche Refugee Ye (禰 Family and the Background of Their Activities in the Tang Dynasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongmin Lim

    2017-08-01

    Full Text Available The excavation of Paekche refugee epitaphs has increased in the 21st century. Among them, the epitaphs of the Ye (禰 family are valuable materials to understand the fall of Paekche, Paekche refugee activity, and their native origins. However, all of the Ye family epitaphs contain different stories about their native origins. More specifically, the native origin and ancestors of the Ye family became more detailed and Sinicized over time. The record of their ancestors is likely to have been fabricated for the future survival of the descendants in the Tang. Although the exact native origin is not clear, it is almost certain that the Ye family lived in Paekche since at least the sixth century and had already become accustomed to Paekche language and culture. With this understanding, it is remarkable how they could have been active in the Tang, just after surrendering, and not in Silla. It was natural for Paekche officials to yield to the Tang because of the situation in both the Tang and Silla. However, other factors related to Paekche were also important. Because Paekche had maintained its cosmopolitan and open attitude coupled with their familiarity with the Chinese language and culture, the Ye family could emigrate to the Tang and hold high status in various fields in East Asia.

  19. Applying GM(1,1) to Forecasting the Dynamic Variation of Groundwater in Chuang Ye Farm

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    The area of well rice in the sanjiang Plain is incresing recently.At the same time,the groundwater resource has been wasted.Thus,the resource of groundwater is shortening.More and more area appears the phenomenon of "hanger pump" and "funnel".According to these problems the paper adopts Chuang Ye farm as the research base,through handle the data of groundwater,applying GM(1,1) to forecasting the dynamic variation of groundwater.The writer hopes to provide some references about using groundwater resource of the area in the future for readers.

  20. Ultime ballet aérien pour CMS : descente du bouchon YE-1

    CERN Document Server

    CERN Audiovisual Service

    2008-01-01

    La chorégraphie des bouchons de CMS s'est achevée le mardi 22 janvier avec la descente du plus lourd d'entre eux, le YE-1. Au terme de 10 heures d'une descente spectaculaire de 100 mètres, l'énorme pièce s'est doucement posée sur le sol de la caverne expérimentale de CMS, sous les applaudissements des nombreux spectateurs. Interview de Hubert Gerwig, l'ingénieur de CMS en charge du projet.

  1. A Note on Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Like Model without Random Coupling

    CERN Document Server

    Nishinaka, Takahiro

    2016-01-01

    We study a description of the large N limit of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model in terms of quantum mechanics without quenched disorder. Instead of random couplings, we introduce massive scalar fields coupled to fermions, and study a small mass limit of the theory. We show that, under a certain condition, the correlation functions of fermions reproduce those of the SYK model with a temperature dependent coupling constant in the large N limit. We also discuss a supersymmetric generalization of our quantum mechanical model. As a byproduct, we develop an efficient way of estimating the large N behavior of correlators in the SYK model.

  2. Synthesis and scaled-up of non-active and active Belite-Alite-Ye'elimite clinker (BAY)

    OpenAIRE

    Zea-Garcia, Jesus D.; Aranda, Miguel A. G.; De la Torre, Angeles G.; SANTACRUZ, ISABEL

    2016-01-01

    Ordinary Portland cement (OPC) is an environmentally contentious material, as for every ton of OPC produced, ~0.97 tons of CO2 are released. This opens the need of designing new formulations of cements formed by low calcite demanding phases, such as ye'elimite, that release less CO2 during their fabrication. Belite-Alite-Ye’elimite (BAY) cements are promising eco-friendly building materials as OPC substitutes at a large scale[1]. There action of alite and ye´elimite with water should develop ...

  3. Spectral and thermodynamic properties of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model

    Science.gov (United States)

    García-García, Antonio M.; Verbaarschot, Jacobus J. M.

    2016-12-01

    We study spectral and thermodynamic properties of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model, a variant of the k -body embedded random ensembles studied for several decades in the context of nuclear physics and quantum chaos. We show analytically that the fourth- and sixth-order energy cumulants vanish in the limit of a large number of particles N →∞ , which is consistent with a Gaussian spectral density. However, for finite N , the tail of the average spectral density is well approximated by a semicircle law. The specific heat coefficient, determined numerically from the low-temperature behavior of the partition function, is consistent with the value obtained by previous analytical calculations. For energy scales of the order of the mean level spacing we show that level statistics are well described by random matrix theory. Due to the underlying Clifford algebra of the model, the universality class of the spectral correlations depends on N . For larger energy separations we identify an energy scale that grows with N , reminiscent of the Thouless energy in mesoscopic physics, where deviations from random matrix theory are observed. Our results are a further confirmation that the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model is quantum chaotic for all time scales. According to recent claims in the literature, this is an expected feature in field theories with a gravity dual.

  4. A Study on Fan Ye's Hermit View%略论范晔的逸民观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邸宏香

    2012-01-01

    《论语.泰伯》云:"天下有道者见,无道则隐。"《易.上系辞》曰:"君子之道,或出或处。"中国古代知识分子有两种处世方式,即出仕和退隐。隐逸之士自古以来都是一个备受关注的群体,隐逸者因为其清高的外表及高尚的情操往往使人产生崇拜之情。范晔《后汉书》中增设了一批新的类传传目,其中包括《逸民列传》。南朝梁.萧统也关注到了隐逸之士,在编纂《文选》时选取了范晔的《逸民传论》。我们试从《文选》所选《逸民传论》为出发点,结合东汉历史背景,探析范晔思想中的逸民观。%In "Analects of Confucius-Tai Bo",it says that "People should devote themselves to the country when the government runs by general moral principles,whereas people should withdraw from society and live in solitude when the government doesn't".In "Yi-Shang Xi Ci",it says that "the ways to be a man with noble character is to work for the governor or not,depending the situations".There are two patterns for Chinese ancient intellectuals to conduct themselves in the society.One is "Be official",and the other is "withdraw from society".Since the hermits' high-hearted expression and noble sentiment,they have been admired and paid close attention from of old.There is a series of new categories In Fan Ye's "How Han Shu",one of which is "Hermits Collected Biographies".Liang Xiao Tong in the Southern Dynasties also concerned hermits.In his "Wen Xuan",he added Fan Ye's "Hermits Collected Biographies" in it.Taking this as a starting point and referring to the historical background of the Eastern Han Dynasty,we will analyze the hermits view in Fan Ye's Thoughts.

  5. A Corpus-Based Study of Chinese Classical Poem-Taking Feng Qiao Ye Bo as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李晨曦

    2014-01-01

    In recent years,the translation of Chinese classical poem has aroused more and more attention. From the perspective of statistics, this paper will discuss the meaning of the word which the translators used. Based on the corpus linguistics, this paper will further compare and explore the translation styles of the poem Feng Qiao Ye Bo by analyzing three translators’versions.

  6. Completion of cathode strip chamber (CSC) installation on the so-called YE+2 wheel of CMS on March 2005.

    CERN Multimedia

    Tejinder S. Virdee

    2005-01-01

    The pictures have been taken in the CMS construction hall in Cessy (neighbouring France), called SX5, in March 2005 and show the status of cathode strip chamber (CSC) assembly on the yoke disk YE+2. The chambers are labelled ME+3 and their installation has been completed on March 16th, 2005.

  7. The Influence of Romanticism on Mirzade-ye-eshgi’s Artistic Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Moddaresi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Romanticism is a literarily movement which in last years of 18 the century , derived from England and changed to literally school in 19 century reaching most of the European countries, western Europe and even Russia. This school has deeply in flounced on different aspects of literature in different parts of the world. Romanticism school pierced into Iranian literature, when Iranian poets and writers got introduced with western literature. “ mirzade-ye-eshgi” is one of those poets who we can cleanly see the effects of romanticism school in his poems, since the value of this literarily products owes to romanticism school elements. Revolutionary, creativity, Retiring idealism flash backs to traditional literarily forms national emotions nostalgia creating atmospheres full of sadness and showing sympathy toward the poor, are ports of romanticism school in fluencies on his poems.

  8. THE PREPARATION AND COMPOSITION ANALYSIS OF ALITE-YE'ELIMITE WITH INDUSTRIAL WASTES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yueyang Hu

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Alite-ye'elimite clinker is a high cementing clinker that is prepared by introducing calcium sulfoaluminate, a non-silicate mineral, into cement clinker. The industrial residue was used to produce cement clinker. The relationship of the aluminate modulus (IM and the mineral composition and mechanics of tricalcium silicate-rich sulfur aluminate cement is reported. The effects of the aluminate modulus on the phase compositions, morphology and compressive strength were investigated. The phase morphology was analyzed by optical microscopy. The results show that the increase of IM in the clink can accelerate the formation of calcium sulfoaluminate; calcium sulfoaluminate can form at the temperature of 1250 °C when the IM value is lower than 2.50, while it exists at a temperature of 1300 °C without reheating when the IM value is higher than 2.50.

  9. Retrospect and Prospect: Research on Yuan Ye%《园冶》研究的回顾与展望

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张大鹏; 张薇

    2013-01-01

    《园冶》被称为世界上最古老的造园名著,内涵丰富,极具研究价值.通过在主要搜索网站和期刊数据库中进行检索,发现近代以来,《园冶》研究文献包括17本著作和155篇论文.首先梳理分析研究成果,总结出《园冶》研究历经起步奠基、渐进发展和纵深发展3个阶段;继而从《园冶》注释及商榷、园林美学、造园理论、技艺和实践以及《园冶》文化等方面归纳主要学术观点,理清《园冶》研究发展脉络,洞悉研究态势;最后分析目前研究中存在的问题,以及提出进一步研究的展望,以期明确《园冶》更为丰富的时代意义.%Yuan Ye is the world's most ancient monograph about landscape architecture with rich meaning and full of value for research. The author made a search in major search websites and journals database and found that there are 17 works and 155 papers in Yuan Ye academic research area since modern times. Firstly, through a review of the relevant research findings, this paper summarized Yuan Ye research has gone through 3 stages which are initial and founding stage, progressive development stage and deepening development stage. Then, from the aspects of comments and discussion, garden aesthetics, theory, skill and practice of landscape architecture, culture of Yuan Ye and so on, the author concluded main academic viewpoints, clarified the development context of Yuan Ye research and thoroughly understood the present research situation. In the end, by analyzing the existing problems in present research, this paper made a prospect about the future research in order to explore the great time significance of Yuan Ye.

  10. Produção do yeísmo em falantes nativos de espanhol e aprendizes brasileiros

    OpenAIRE

    Dias, Eva Christina Orzechowski

    2011-01-01

    Dissertação (mestrado) - Universidade Federal de Santa Catarina, Centro de Comunicação e Expressão, Programa de Pós-Graduação em Linguística, Florianópolis, 2011 Este trabalho consiste em um estudo sobre o fenômeno do yeísmo na língua espanhola, a partir de análises fonético-acústicas de dados obtidos com falantes nativos e aprendizes brasileiros de espanhol. Fonologicamente, o yeísmo é visto como um fenômeno de desfonologização, em que há perda do fonema lateral palatal /./, sendo produzi...

  11. 叶紫笔下的女性世界%Female World under the Pen of Writer Ye Zi

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王竹良

    2012-01-01

    The female characters in Ye Zi's novels all experienced a great deal of sufferings. In addition to that they also began to be revolutionary consciousness and the consciousness of struggle. Ye Zi's revelation for the tragic causes and the future for those women is unique for his novels that are thoroughly different from those romantic and revolutionary ones with petty bourgeoisie style. What Ye Zi did portray in his novels that was the unhappiness and waking-up consciousness of the laboring women in the countryside. His literary creation is revolutionary and inspiring relating to the time.%叶紫笔下的女性世界不仅充满苦难,也有革命带来的觉醒和斗争。叶紫对女性悲剧原因和妇女出路的探讨深刻独到,与一般的带有资产阶级小资情调的革命加恋爱的作品有很大不同,他描写的是地地道道的农村劳动妇女的苦难和觉醒。他的创作是战斗着的。他的作品更加富有时代性和号召力。

  12. Spectral and thermodynamic properties of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model

    CERN Document Server

    García-García, Antonio M

    2016-01-01

    We study spectral and thermodynamic properties of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model, a variant of the $k$-body embedded random ensembles studied for several decades in the context of nuclear physics and quantum chaos. We show analytically that the fourth and sixth order energy cumulants vanish in the limit of large number of particles $N \\to \\infty$ which is consistent with a Gaussian spectral density. However, for finite $N$, the tail of the average spectral density is well approximated by a semi-circle law. The specific heat coefficient, determined numerically from the low temperature behavior of the partition function, is consistent with the value obtained by previous analytical calculations. For energy scales of the order of the mean level spacing we show level statistics are well described by random matrix theory. Due to the underlying Clifford algebra of the model, the universality class of the spectral correlations depends on $N$. For larger energy separations we identify an energy scale that grows with $N$,...

  13. Soil Formation and Taxonomy in Yeşilırmak River Terraces

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper Durak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available In this study, the soils of which parent material is alluvial and formed Yeşilırmak river terraces were investigated. For this purposes four different profiles were excavated in the study area. Then twenty-seven soil samples were taken from horizons of four profiles and their physical and chemical analyses were done for soil taxonomy research. Profile of Kumocagi and Cakil were classified in subgroup as Typic Ustipsamments, Havaalanı and Mera profiles were classified Typic Haplustolls and Typic Argiustolls subgroups respectively. The pH values of soils varied between 7.38-8.41. These soils can be classified as low and highly basic. Most of the soil series had an irregular pH distribution in the profile. The range of carbonate content of the soils was 0.8-25.4%. Although carbonate content of soils showed a very wide range, majority of them can be classified as highly calcareous. In most of soils carbonate content was distributed irregulary in the profile. Organic matter content were between 0.14-6.11% in the soils. Although organic matter contents of the soils changed in a wide range most of them had low organic matter content. Organic matter content was over 4% in the surface horizon of only two profiles. Research result showed that, alluvial parent material, particle size, topograpy and time have different effect on investigation soils.

  14. 'Ye Olde Hot Aire': reporting on human contributions to climate change in the UK tabloid press

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boykoff, Maxwell T.; Mansfield, Maria

    2008-04-01

    This letter explores daily print media coverage of climate change in four United Kingdom (UK) tabloid newspapers: The Sun (and News of the World), Daily Mail (and Mail on Sunday), the Daily Express (and Sunday Express), and the Mirror (and Sunday Mirror). Through examinations of content in articles over the last seven years (2000 2006), triangulated with semi-structured interviews of journalists and editors, the study finds that UK tabloid coverage significantly diverged from the scientific consensus that humans contribute to climate change. Moreover, there was no consistent increase in the percentage of accurate coverage throughout the period of analysis and across all tabloid newspapers, and these findings are not consistent with recent trends documented in United States and UK 'prestige press' or broadsheet newspaper reporting. Findings from interviews indicate that inaccurate reporting may be linked to the lack of specialist journalists in the tabloid press. This study therefore contributes to wider discussions of socio-economic inequality, media and the environment. Looking to newspapers that are consumed by typically working class readership, this article contributes to ongoing investigations related to what media representations mean for ongoing science policy interactions as well as potentialities for public engagement. Headline from a Daily Mail article analyzed during this study, which claimed to 'debunk the myth of global warming' (Hanlon 2003 Ye olde hot aire Daily Mail London (8 April) p 17).

  15. Lowering of the YE+3 endcap disc on 30th November

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Gigantic disc of CMS detector travels 100 m under the Earth It's an amazing engineering challenge - the lowering of the first tremendous endcap disc, known as YE+3, of the CMS particle detector slowly and carefully 100 m underground into the experimental cavern. The disc is one of 15 large pieces to make the grand descent. It's a uniquely shaped slice, 16 m high, about 50 cm thick and weighing 400 tonnes. The solid steel structure of the disc forms part of the magnet return yoke and is equipped on both sides with muon chambers. A special gantry crane will lower the element, with just 20 cm of leeway between the edges of the detector and the walls of the shaft. CMS is one of the four main experiments that will take data at the world's highest energy particle accelerator, CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is a 27 km circular ring 100 m underground. The CMS detector weighs a total of 12 500 tonnes and is constructed on the surface. Once all of the pieces are fully equipped, lowered underground and re-t...

  16. Lowering of the YE+3 endcap disc on 30th November

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Gigantic disc of CMS detector travels 100 m under the Earth It's an amazing engineering challenge - the lowering of the first tremendous endcap disc, known as YE+3, of the CMS particle detector slowly and carefully 100 m underground into the experimental cavern. The disc is one of 15 large pieces to make the grand descent. It's a uniquely shaped slice, 16 m high, about 50 cm thick and weighing 400 tonnes. The solid steel structure of the disc forms part of the magnet return yoke and is equipped on both sides with muon chambers. A special gantry crane will lower the element, with just 20 cm of leeway between the edges of the detector and the walls of the shaft. CMS is one of the four main experiments that will take data at the world's highest energy particle accelerator, CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is a 27 km circular ring 100 m underground. The CMS detector weighs a total of 12 500 tonnes and is constructed on the surface. Once all of the pieces are fully equipped, lowered underground and re-t...

  17. Uncolored random tensors, melon diagrams, and the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev models

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klebanov, Igor R.; Tarnopolsky, Grigory

    2017-02-01

    Certain models with rank-3 tensor degrees of freedom have been shown by Gurau and collaborators to possess a novel large N limit, where g2N3 is held fixed. In this limit the perturbative expansion in the quartic coupling constant, g , is dominated by a special class of "melon" diagrams. We study "uncolored" models of this type, which contain a single copy of real rank-3 tensor. Its three indices are distinguishable; therefore, the models possess O (N )3 symmetry with the tensor field transforming in the tri-fundamental representation. Such uncolored models also possess the large N limit dominated by the melon diagrams. The quantum mechanics of a real anticommuting tensor therefore has a similar large N limit to the model recently introduced by Witten as an implementation of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model which does not require disorder. Gauging the O (N )3 symmetry in our quantum mechanical model removes the nonsinglet states; therefore, one can search for its well-defined gravity dual. We point out, however, that the model possesses a vast number of gauge-invariant operators involving higher powers of the tensor field, suggesting that the complete gravity dual will be intricate. We also discuss the quantum mechanics of a complex 3-index anticommuting tensor, which has U (N )2×O (N ) symmetry and argue that it is equivalent in the large N limit to a version of SYK model with complex fermions. Finally, we discuss similar models of a commuting tensor in dimension d . While the quartic interaction is not positive definite, we construct the large N Schwinger-Dyson equation for the two-point function and show that its solution is consistent with conformal invariance. We carry out a perturbative check of this result using the 4 -ɛ expansion.

  18. 家族文化与叶小纨《鸳鸯梦》创作∗%Family Culture and Ye Xiaowan’ s the Dream of Mandarin Duck

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙书磊

    2015-01-01

    Family culture had a direct influence on the writings of dramas in the culture of Southern Yangtze River. The typical case is Ye Xiaowan’ s the Dream of Mandarin Duck. Ye Xiaowan’ s interest and writing ability developed in different aspects by her matriarchal, patriarchal and family’ s literary groups, Ye family’ s connections through marriages and their activities of writing as well. Shen Jing, Shen Zijin, Shen Zizheng and other people’ s drama activ⁃ities became Ye Xiaowan’ s writing background as well as Ye family’ s open attitudes towards the drama. The Dream of Mandarin Duck was triggered by Ye family’ s tradition of lament literature resulted from the tragic marriage of Ye’ s sisters and her family tragedies.%在江南文化中,家族文化对戏曲创作有着直接的影响,其中叶小纨《鸳鸯梦》的创作即为典型一例。叶小纨母系、父系及其家族文学群体,叶氏家族联姻及其文学创作活动等,从不同方面培养了叶小纨文学创作的兴趣与能力。沈璟、沈自晋、沈自徵等人的戏曲活动以及叶氏家族对戏曲的开放态度等,则是叶小纨创作《鸳鸯梦》的重要场阈。而基于叶氏姊妹婚姻和家庭悲剧而形成的叶氏家族悼亡文学传统,更直接诱发了《鸳鸯梦》的创作。

  19. [Detection of Yersinia Enterocolitica Bacteriophage PhiYe-F10 Lysis Spectrum and Analysis of the Relationship between Lysis Ability and Virulence Gene of Yersinia Enterocolitica].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zha, Tao; Liang, Junrong; Xiao, Yuchun; Jing, Huaiqi

    2016-03-01

    To determine the lysis spectrum of Yersinia enterocolitica bacteriophage phiYe-F10 and to analyze the relationship between the lysis ability of phiYe-F10 and the virulence gene of Yersinia enterocolitica. To observe the lysis ability of the phage phiYe-F10 to the different Yersinia strains with the double-layer technique. The strains used in this study including 213 of Yersinia enterocolitica and 36 of Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and 1 of Yersinia pestis. The virulence genes of these Yersinia enterocolitica (attachment invasion locus (ail) and enterotoxin (ystA, ystB) and yersinia adhesin A (yadA), virulence factor (virF), specific gene for lipopolysaccharide O-side chain of serotype O : 3 (rfbc) were all detected. Among the 213 Yersinia enterocolitica, 84 strains were O : 3 serotype (78 strains with rfbc gene), 10 were serotype O : 5, 13 were serotype O : 8, 34 were serotype O : 9 and 72 were other serotypes. Of these, 77 were typical pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica harboring with virulence plasmid (ail+, ystA+, ystB-, yadA+, virF+), and 15 were pathogenic bacterial strains deficiency virulence plasmid (ail+, ystA+, ystB-, yadA-, virF-) and the rest 121 were non pathogenic genotype strains. PhiYe-F10 lysed the 71 serotype O : 3 Yersinia enterocolitica strains which were all carried with rfbc+, including 52 pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica, 19 nonpathogenic Y. enterocolitica. The phiYe-F10 can not lysed serotype O : 5, O : 9 and other serotype Y. enterocolitica, the lysis rate of serotype O : 3 was as high as 84.5%. The phiYe-F10 can not lysed Yersinia pseudotuberculosis and Yersinia pestis. Yersinia phage phiYe-F10 is highly specific for serotype O : 3 Yersinia enterocolitic at 25 degrees C, which showed a typical narrow lysis spectrum. Phage phiYe-F10 can lysed much more pathogenic Y. enterocolitica than nonpathogenic Y. enterocolitica.

  20. A hydrogeological investigation of the Yeşilyurt (Isparta-Sütçüler plain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Suat Taşdelen

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Investigation area is almost 10 km in the north-west of Sütçüler country of Isparta and covers 60 km2 area. Firstly, detailed geological and hydrological investigation of Yeşilyurt Plain surface drainage area has been performed. Long term monitoring and analyses have been done for direction of hydrological investigation. An isohiyetal map was prepared for the investigation area. Water table maps were drawn by means of deep and shallow boreholes in the plain and flow direction was determined (October 2000. Water which was collected at boreholes was chemically analyzed to determine the characteristic of water for domestic use, irrigation and industrial purposes. In order to achieve this, the anion and cation concentrations, ionization abilities ionic activity, calcite dolomite sulphate saturation indexes and the partial pressures of dissolved CO2 were calculated and the results were interpreted. In addition, water has been classified according to chemical contend and use purpose by means of Wilcox, USA Salinity Laboratory, Piper and Schoeller diagrams and similarities in the origins of waters were investigated. During the study, a groundwater budget of Yeşilyurt Plain was prepared in the light of obtained data and optimum output of groundwater has been calculated.

  1. Modification of technological control units for superheated steam temperature at 210-MW power units of the Primor'ye Power Plant

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    V.V. Slesarenko; A.A. Belousov; V.V. Milush [Far East State Engineering University, Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

    2008-06-15

    The results of analysis of operation of the temperature control system for superheated steam at the BKZ-670-140F boilers of the Primor'ye Power Plant (GRES) are presented. The possibility of updating of the injection system to improve the reliability and economic efficiency of power units of electric power plants is considered.

  2. Modification of technological control units for superheated steam temperature at 210-MW power units of the Primor'ye Power Plant

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slesarenko, V. V.; Belousov, A. A.; Milush, V. V.

    2008-06-01

    The results of analysis of operation of the temperature control system for superheated steam at the BKZ-670-140F boilers of the Primor’ye Power Plant (GRES) are presented. The possibility of updating of the injection system to improve the reliability and economic efficiency of power units of electric power plants is considered.

  3. YeATS - a tool suite for analyzing RNA-seq derived transcriptome identifies a highly transcribed putative extensin in heartwood/sapwood transition zone in black walnut.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chakraborty, Sandeep; Britton, Monica; Wegrzyn, Jill; Butterfield, Timothy; Martínez-García, Pedro José; Reagan, Russell L; Rao, Basuthkar J; Leslie, Charles A; Aradhaya, Mallikarjuna; Neale, David; Woeste, Keith; Dandekar, Abhaya M

    2015-01-01

    The transcriptome provides a functional footprint of the genome by enumerating the molecular components of cells and tissues. The field of transcript discovery has been revolutionized through high-throughput mRNA sequencing (RNA-seq). Here, we present a methodology that replicates and improves existing methodologies, and implements a workflow for error estimation and correction followed by genome annotation and transcript abundance estimation for RNA-seq derived transcriptome sequences (YeATS - Yet Another Tool Suite for analyzing RNA-seq derived transcriptome). A unique feature of YeATS is the upfront determination of the errors in the sequencing or transcript assembly process by analyzing open reading frames of transcripts. YeATS identifies transcripts that have not been merged, result in broken open reading frames or contain long repeats as erroneous transcripts. We present the YeATS workflow using a representative sample of the transcriptome from the tissue at the heartwood/sapwood transition zone in black walnut. A novel feature of the transcriptome that emerged from our analysis was the identification of a highly abundant transcript that had no known homologous genes (GenBank accession: KT023102). The amino acid composition of the longest open reading frame of this gene classifies this as a putative extensin. Also, we corroborated the transcriptional abundance of proline-rich proteins, dehydrins, senescence-associated proteins, and the DNAJ family of chaperone proteins. Thus, YeATS presents a workflow for analyzing RNA-seq data with several innovative features that differentiate it from existing software.

  4. Creating and probing the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model with ultracold gases: Towards experimental studies of quantum gravity

    CERN Document Server

    Danshita, Ippei; Tezuka, Masaki

    2016-01-01

    We suggest that the holographic principle, combined with recent technological advances in atomic, molecular, and optical physics, can lead to experimental studies of quantum gravity. As a specific example, we consider the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model, which consists of spin-polarized fermions with an all-to-all random two-body hopping and has been conjectured to be dual to a certain quantum gravitational system. We propose that the SYK model can be engineered by confining ultracold fermionic atoms into optical lattices and coupling two atoms with molecular states via photo-association lasers. Achieving low-temperature states of the SYK model is interpreted as a realization of a stringy black hole, provided that the holographic duality is true. We also show how to measure out-of-time-order correlation functions of the SYK model, which allow for identifying the maximally chaotic property of the black hole.

  5. A Chinese Aesthetics Reading of Wordsworth’s Tintern Abbey ---with a Comparison to Chunjiang Huayue Ye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    BAI Li-bing

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The nature poetry written by English Romantic poet Wordsworth is a milestone in English literary history. Its inbuilt aesthetics is much similar with that of ancient Chinese Mountain-Water poetry. The most remarkable aspect is the fusion of feeling and scene, in which philosophy, aesthetics, and poetics are interwoven into a thematic unity. In this perspective, one Chinese nature poem Chunjiang Huayue Ye written by early Tang Dynasty poet Zhang Ruoxu can be well compared. This mutual illumination not only yields a dialogical channel, more importantly, it also discovers the potential values of the two: first, Wordsworth’s unique aesthetical awareness is forwarded; second, it helps to globalize and modernize ancient Chinese literary theory

  6. On Aspects of Prose Art by Qiao Ye%乔叶散文创作艺术面面观

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张凤梅

    2015-01-01

    Qiao Ye in his prose creation started his literary career, achievements of prose creation, with distinctive artistic fea-tures. Rich in philosophy is one of the features of his prose creation. In numerous works of prose and a prominent characteristic is the strong local flavor, by recalling the hometown people and things, his native mountains along and folk customs, which will work idea and the theme of the unique local memories together. As the creation of the depth and breadth of ascension, the late gradually turned to length longer lyrical prose novel type, through simple and complete story to depict characters. So Qiao Ye prose art is rich and colorful.%乔叶以其散文创作开创了其文学生涯,散文创作成果颇丰,富含哲理是其散文创作的一大特色. 她的散文作品还有一个突出的特点便是具有浓重的乡土气息,通过回忆家乡的人和事,描绘家乡的山川风物和民风民俗,从而将作品的主题思想与独特的乡土情思融合在一起. 随着创作的深度和广度的拓展,乔叶后期逐渐转向篇幅较长的小说式抒情散文,通过简单而又完整的故事情节来刻画人物形象.

  7. Çayağzı Deresi’nin (Antalya) Ekonomik Yeşil Algleri Konusunda Bir Ön Çalışma

    OpenAIRE

    TURNA, İbrahim İsmail; Durucan, Furkan; KUŞAT, Mete

    2012-01-01

    Yeşil algler özellikle uzak doğu ve Akdeniz ülkelerinde gıda, kozmetik, farmakoji, tıp vb. amaçlarla değerlendirilirler. Bu çalışmada, Çayağzı Deresi’nde (Antalya) dağılım gösteren yeşil alglerden Gayralia oxysperma (Kützing) K.L.Vinogradova ex Scagel et al.ve Enteromorpha intestinalis (Linnaeus) Nees’in yoğunlukları ortaya konulmuştur. Örnekler sonbahar 2011 tarihinde, bölgede 4 ayrı noktadan kuadrat yöntemiyle (50x50 cm) (Dodolahi-Sohrab A, et.al.2012) toplanmış ve taze ağırlıkları saptanmı...

  8. Contestation of ‘the holy places in the Zimbabwean Religious Landscape’: A study of the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church’s sacred places

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Phillip Musoni

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Places that are regarded as holy are highly esteemed in most religious institutions. Such places are revered because they denote the converging points of human beings and the divine. The fundamental questions addressed in this study are: what makes a place holy? Do Christians share sacred places with other religious groups? The study theorises that the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church has forcefully appropriated most of the African indigenous scared places such as hills, shades and dams for all-night prayers and water baptisms. The researcher has selected two indigenous religious shrines; Chivavarira hill and Gonawapotera pool of Chirumhanzu located in the Midlands Province of Zimbabwe. The two shrines are regarded by the indigenes as renowned and sacred. This study analyses and thereto seeks to decode deeper on what makes the Johane Masowe Chishanu yeNyenyedzi Church to enthusiastically appropriate most of the African indigenous shrines and, to some extent, turn them to be their shrines. It is this insight which makes the two shrines to be contested places, especially as perceived from both the indigenes and Christian perspectives. Therefore, this study is a contemporary issue that constitutes the focus of the present concerns. Accordingly, in order to archive the intended goal, this research study relies heavily on participant observation and interviews for data collection, since there is hardly documentation readily available about the Masowe yeNyenyedzi Church in Zimbabwe.

  9. Single cell oil production from a newly isolated Candida viswanathii Y-E4 and agro-industrial by-products valorization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ayadi, Ines; Kamoun, Omama; Trigui-Lahiani, Hèla; Hdiji, Anouar; Gargouri, Ali; Belghith, Hafedh; Guerfali, Mohamed

    2016-07-01

    Microbial lipids have drawn increasing attention in recent years as promising raw materials for biodiesel and added-value compounds production. To this end, new oleaginous yeast, Candida viswanathii Y-E4 was isolated, characterized and used for single cell oil (SCO) production. Physiologic and nutritional parameters optimization was carried out for improved biomass and lipid production. Y-E4 strain was able to use a wide range of substrates, especially C5 and C6 sugars as well as glycerol and hydrophobic substrates. The fatty acid profile analysis showed that oleic acid was the main component produced using different substrates. Batch and fed-bath fermentation were conducted using glucose as carbon source. Lipid production rate is twice higher in fed-batch culture providing a lipid content of 50 % (w/w). To minimize the SCO production cost, C. viswanathii Y-E4 was evaluated for its capacity to use different agro-industrial by-products for microbial oil production and changes in the fatty acid profile were monitored.

  10. Lider-Üye Etkileşimi ve Çatışma Yönetim Stili İlişkisi

    OpenAIRE

    Karcıoğlu, Fatih; Cem KAHYA

    2012-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı, lider-üye etkileşiminin kalitesini ve örgüt içerisindeki çatışmayı yönetmede liderler tarafından sıklıkla kullanılan çatışma yönetim stilini belirlemek ve lider-üye etkileşimi ile lider tarafından sıklıkla kullanılan çatışma yönetim stili arasında istatistiksel olarak anlamlı bir ilişkinin var olup olmadığını ortaya koymaktır. Araştırma sonucunda; lider-üye etkileşiminin kalitesi oldukça yüksek bulunmuş, liderlerin sıklıkla kullandıkları çatışma yönetim stili problem çözm...

  11. Analysis of YeXiaoluan’ s Immortal Thoughts%浅析叶小鸾的游仙思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钱丽君

    2016-01-01

    叶小鸾是明代较为出众的女性文人,其聪颖多才,小小年纪就凭借在吟诗填词上的悟性得到了家人的赞许;但她又生性敏感,时代背景与家庭氛围的熏染使其对俗世生活产生了颇多感悟,最终促使她形成了浓郁的游仙思想,其游仙思想中既蕴蓄着她对绝对自由的渴望,又包涵着她对众生平等的向往,还隐含着她对及时行乐的追求。%Ye Xiaoluan was a famous female writer lived in the Ming dynasty .When she was young , she got approval from the family by her virtue of the poetry writing .But family atmosphere and her personality prompted her to form an immortal thoughts . These ideas contained both her desire for the absolute freedom ,which is the yearning to the equality of all living things .The thought implied the pursuit of enjoying pleasure in good time .

  12. New results in the ITEP/YePI double beta-decay experiment with enriched germanium detectors

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Vasenko, A.A.; Kirpichnikov, I.V.; Kuznetsov, V.A.; Starostin, A.S. (Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Bolshaya Cheremushkinskaya 25, Moscow 117259 (SU)); Djanyan, A.G.; Pogosov, V.S.; Shachysisyan, S.P.; Tamanyan, A.G. (Yerevan Physical Institute, Markaryan 2, Yerevan 375036 (SU))

    1990-07-20

    This paper reports the search for double beta-decay of {sup 76}Ge carried out with a detector fabricated of enriched material (85% abundance of {sup 76}Ge compared with 7.8% natural abundance). Measurements have been performed by the ITEP/YePI team in the Avan salt mine, 245 meters underground, situated in Yerevan, Armenia. Evidence for two-neutrino double beta-decay of {sub 76}Ge with half-life of T{sub 1/2}(2v) = (9 {plus minus} 1 {center dot} 10{sup 20})y was obtained. New limits for neutrinoless double beta-decay, T{sub 1/2}(Ov) {gt} 1.3 {times} 10{sup 24}y, and double beta-decay with majoron emission T{sub 1/2}(Ov,B) {gt} 1 {times} 10{sup 22}y were obtained at 68% CL from mean background fluctuations. Limit for Ov-decay derived by the maximum likelihood method was T{sub 1/2} {gt} 2.0 {times} 10{sup 24}y.

  13. Creating and probing the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model with ultracold gases: Towards experimental studies of quantum gravity

    Science.gov (United States)

    Danshita, Ippei; Hanada, Masanori; Tezuka, Masaki

    2017-08-01

    We suggest that the holographic principle, combined with recent technological advances in atomic, molecular, and optical physics, can lead to experimental studies of quantum gravity. As a specific example, we consider the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model, which consists of spin-polarized fermions with an all-to-all complex random two-body hopping and has been conjectured to be dual to a certain quantum-gravitational system. Achieving low-temperature states of the SYK model is interpreted as a realization of a stringy black hole, provided that the holographic duality is true. We introduce a variant of the SYK model, in which the random two-body hopping is real. This model is equivalent to the original SYK model in the large-N limit. We show that this model can be created in principle by confining ultracold fermionic atoms into optical lattices and coupling two atoms with molecular states via photo-association lasers. This development serves as an important first step towards an experimental realization of such systems dual to quantum black holes. We also show how to measure out-of-time-order correlation functions of the SYK model, which allow for identifying the maximally chaotic property of the black hole.

  14. 噬菌体phiYe-F10的裂解谱的测定以及裂解能力与宿主毒力基因间关系分析%Detection of Yersinia Enterocolitica Bacteriophage PhiYe-F10 Lysis Spectrum and Analysis of the Relationship between Lysis Ability and Virulence Gene of Yersinia Enterocolitica

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    查涛; 梁俊容; 肖玉春; 景怀琦

    2016-01-01

    目的 为测定小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌噬菌体phiYe-F10的裂解谱,分析噬菌体phiYe-F10裂解能力与宿主毒力基因间的关系.方法 采用双层平板法观察噬菌体phiYe-F10对213株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌,36株假结核耶尔森菌和1株鼠疫耶尔森菌的裂解能力;同时对不同来源不同地区的小肠耶尔森菌进行黏附侵袭位点基因(ail)、肠毒素基因(ystA、ystB)、黏附素基因A(yadA)、毒力因子基因F(virF)、O∶3血清型特异性基因(rfbc)检测和血清型别鉴定.结果表明 213株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌包括O∶3血清型84株(其中rfbc+ 78株),O∶5血清型10株,O∶8血清型13株,O∶9血清型34株,其它及未分型的共72株.携带毒力质粒的典型致病性小肠耶尔森菌(ail+,ystA+,ystB-,yadA+,virF+)77株,毒力质粒丢失的致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌(ail+、ystA+、ystB、yadA、virF)15株,其它非致病基因型121株.噬菌体phiYe-F10裂解71株O∶3小肠结肠炎耶尔森氏菌,其中致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌52株,非致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌19株.对O∶5,O∶9血清型和其它菌株均不裂解,对O∶3的裂解率高达84.5%(71/84).噬菌体phiYe-F10对假结核耶尔森菌和鼠疫耶尔森氏菌均不裂解.结论:phiYe F10噬菌体是一株小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌的裂性噬菌体,在25℃时表现出一个典型的窄裂解谱,高度专一性裂解O∶3血清型小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌.phiYe-F10对典型致病性小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌的裂解能力明显高于非致病性的小肠结肠炎耶尔森菌.%To determine the lysis spectrum of Yersinia enterocolitica bacteriophage phiYe-F10 and to analyze the relationship between the lysis ability of phiYe-F10 and the virulence gene of Yersinia enterocolitica.To observe the lysis ability of the phage phiYe-F10 to the different Yersinia strains with the double-layer technique.The strains used in this study including 213 of Yersinia enterocolitica and 36 of Yersinia

  15. The pioneering works of Professor Duzheng Ye on atmospheric dispersion, Tibetan Plateau meteorology, and air-sea interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lau, Ngar-Cheung

    2017-10-01

    This paper provides an overview of the impacts of the original works of Professor Duzheng YE on a selected set of observational and model studies with which the present author has been associated over the past several decades. The main themes of these works include atmospheric energy dispersion, air-land interactions over the Tibetan Plateau, and El Ni˜norelated air-sea coupling over East Asia. The dispersive behavior of observed atmospheric fluctuations accompanying cold surge events in East Asia is demonstrated. Cold air outbreaks over Korea and southern China are coincident with the successive downstream development of troughs and ridges, with the group velocity of such wave packets being notably faster than the phase propagation speed of individual troughs and ridges. In a more general context, dispersive features are also discernible from lagged teleconnection charts and cross-spectra of observed and model-simulated geopotential height variations on 10-30-day time scales. Using the output from a high-resolution general circulation model, the relative contributions of condensational, sensible, and radiative heating to the atmospheric energy budget over the Tibetan Plateau are documented. The rapid changes of the upper tropospheric Tibetan anticyclone and East Asian mei-yu ("plum rain") precipitation band associated with the development of the Asian monsoon system are described. The principal anomalies in sea level pressure, surface wind, precipitation and sea surface temperature over southeastern China and the Philippine Sea region during El Ni˜no events are presented. The contributions of remote El Ni˜no-related forcing and local air-sea interaction to the occurrence of these anomalies are assessed.

  16. Genetic Analysis in Maize Foundation Parents with Mapping Population and Testcross Population: Ye478 Carried More Favorable Alleles and Using QTL Information Could Improve Foundation Parents

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Yinghong; Hou, Xianbin; Xiao, Qianlin; Yi, Qiang; Bian, Shaowei; Hu, Yufeng; Liu, Hanmei; Zhang, Junjie; Hao, Xiaoqin; Cheng, Weidong; Li, Yu; Huang, Yubi

    2016-01-01

    The development of maize foundation parents is an important part of genetics and breeding research, and applying new genetic information to produce foundation parents has been challenging. In this study, we focused on quantitative trait loci (QTLs) and general combining ability (GCA) of Ye478, a widely used foundation parent in China. We developed three sets of populations for QTL mapping and to analyze the GCA for some agronomic traits. The assessment of 15 traits resulted in the detection of 251 QTLs in six tested environments, with 119 QTLs identified through a joint analysis across all environments. Further, analyses revealed that most favorable alleles for plant type-related traits were from Ye478, and more than half of the favorable alleles for yield-related traits were from R08, another foundation parent used in southwestern China, suggesting that different types of foundation parents carried different favorable alleles. We observed that the GCA for most traits (e.g., plant height and 100-kernel weight) was maintained in the inbred lines descended from the foundation parents. Additionally, the continuous improvement in the GCA of the descendants of the foundation parents was consistent with the main trend in maize breeding programs. We identified three significant genomic regions that were highly conserved in three Ye478 descendants, including the stable QTL for plant height. The GCA for the traits in the F7 generation revealed that the QTLs for the given traits per se were affected by additive effects in the same way in different populations. PMID:27721817

  17. Genetic analysis in maize foundation parents with mapping population and testcross population: Ye478 carried more favorable alleles and using QTL information could improve foundation parents

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yinghong Liu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of maize foundation parents is an important part of genetics and breeding research, and applying new genetic information to produce foundation parents has been challenging. In this study, we focused on quantitative trait loci (QTLs and general combining ability (GCA of Ye478, a widely used foundation parent in China. We developed three sets of populations for QTL mapping and to analyze the GCA for some agronomic traits. The assessment of 15 traits resulted in the detection of 251 QTLs in six tested environments, with 119 QTLs identified through a joint analysis across all environments. Further analyses revealed that most favorable alleles for plant type-related traits were from Ye478, and more than half of the favorable alleles for yield-related traits were from R08, another foundation parent used in southwestern China, suggesting that different types of foundation parents carried different favorable alleles. We observed that the GCA for most traits (e.g., plant height and 100-kernel weight was maintained in the inbred lines descended from the foundation parents. Additionally, the continuous improvement in the GCA of the descendants of the foundation parents was consistent with the main trend in maize breeding programs. We identified three significant genomic regions that were highly conserved in three Ye478 descendants, including the stable QTL for plant height. The GCA for the traits in the F7 generation revealed that the QTLs for the given traits per se were affected by additive effects in the same way in different populations.

  18. 论“酒道”之大和谐——从中国酒都之五粮液与五黑液的文化谈起%Discussion on the Harmony of Principle of Liquor in China Liquor: Talking About the Liquor Cultures of Wu Liang Ye and Wu Hei Ye Made in Chinese Liquor City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王金月; 骆凤文; 郭五林

    2012-01-01

    酒都的"酒道",是"天道""、人道"和"地道"的和谐统一;五粮液是"天地人道"的集大成者,而产于高县庆符镇的五黑液则是"人生长寿之道"的美醇典范。五粮液(Wu Liang Ye)是Water+Liquid+Yangtze river;而五黑液(Wu Hei Ye)首字母的缩写为英文的WHY(为什么,为何之意),为什么喝白酒,饮五粮液,品五黑液,喝白酒何为?此"酒道"不仅涵盖了古今,也囊括了中外,将历史与现实有机地统一在两个白酒名优佳品,即"都邑王者"五粮液与"天地生民"五黑液之形质之中。"酒道"乃"和谐融汇之道"也。%Jiudao, the principle of liquor, is a harmony of Tiandao, Rendao, and Didao. Wu Liang Ye is a complex of the above principles, whereas Wu Hei Ye is the apotheosis of longevity liquor. Wu Liang Ye stands for Water plus Liquid plus Yangtze river, whereas the abbreviation of the capital letters of Wu Hei Ye is WHY. The principle of liquor not only covers the modem and ancient, but also includes Chinese and foreign ones. The fusion of history and reality is realized in these two famous liquors. The principle of liquor is the principle of harmony.

  19. Every Day at the Shanghai Expo Will Be the First Day——A special interview with Mr.Ye Mingshui, Taiwan Pavilion's executive director

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fu Ligang

    2010-01-01

    @@ Tourists as the most important figures in Taiwan Pavition "Heartfelt gratitude"is a comment a lot of tourists would make after their tour at the Taiwan Pavilion."We adk our personnel to treat every tourist as a VIP guest,and make every working day as their first day.Iwould arrive here at 7am in the morning,and go back home at around 9pm.Ihave kept this habit since the paviliong was opened to public.Each morning I will give our working staff some training,and envourage them to provide the best service for each tourist,"Ye Mingshui said.

  20. Lider-Üye Etkileşimine Çok Boyutlu Yaklaşım: Liden ve Maslyn’in Dört Boyutlu Lider-Üye Etkileşim Ölçeğinin Psikometrik Özelliklerine Yönelik Görgül Bir Araştırma

    OpenAIRE

    Yıldız, Gültekin; ÖZUTKU, Hatice; Cevrioğlu, Esin

    2014-01-01

    Lider-üye etkileşim teorisi ile ilgili erken dönem çalışmalarının çoğunda lider ile üyeler arasındaki ilişkiler tek boyutlu bir yaklaşımla ele alınmıştır. Oysa ki son zamanlarda, rol teorisi ve sosyal değişim teorisinin de açıkça ortaya koyduğu gibi lider-üye etkileşiminin çok boyutlu bir nitelik taşıdığı düşüncesi önem kazanmaya başlamıştır. Bu düşünce, lider-üye etkileşiminin çok boyutlu bir yapıya sahip olduğunu ortaya koyan teorik ve ampirik çalışmalarla desteklenmiştir. Bu çalışmada, lid...

  1. Comparing the Patriotic Ideas of Lin Zexu and Ye Mingchen%林则徐与叶名琛的爱国思想比较

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李松

    2012-01-01

    In the First Opium War,Lin Zexu,an Imperial Commissioner,destroyed opium in Humen against foreign oppression and thus was honored as the national hero.During the Second Opium War,Ye Mingchen,another Imperial Commissioner,was defeated and captured.Comparing what they did,people had different comments upon them.However,comparing what they did before and after the two Opium Wars,it is claimed in this paper that as government high rank officials both of them were patriotic and Ye Mingchen was misjudged.%在第一次鸦片战争中,林则徐作为钦差大臣,虎门销烟,反抗侵略,被称为民族英雄。在第二次鸦片战争中,钦差大臣叶名琛因亚罗号事件,城破被俘,为世人所唾弃。两人的后世评价可谓大相径庭,有些偏错。文章通过对叶名琛和林则徐在两次鸦片战争前后的表现进行比较,认为林、叶二人作为封疆大吏都具有典型的爱国思想,后人对其不同评价有失公正。

  2. 《万叶集》防人歌与唐代边塞诗%"Wan ye ji" prevent song and frontier fortress poem of Tang dynasty

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    田寨耕

    2015-01-01

    《万叶集》是日本最早的诗歌集,防人歌是日本的边塞诗。本文对《万叶集》防人歌和唐代边塞诗进行了对比和分析,发现二者在创作时间和内容上有相似之处,但在内容广度、体裁风格、创作者和重要性等方面也存在诸多不同。%"Wan ye ji" is Japan's first poetry collection, prevent song is the glorious age of Japan. In this paper, the "Wan ye ji" prevent song and in the glorious age of tang dynasty were compared and analyzed, and finds both in time and the content is similar, but in the content breadth, genre, style, there are also many different creators and importance, etc.

  3. Discussing on Ye shi′s Interpretation of the Book of Songs from Historical Angle%论叶适对《诗》的史学解读

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘园园

    2016-01-01

    Ye Shi thought that the Book of Songs belonged to Confucian Classics, but it was a history book in essence. Therefore, it should be analyzed from historical perspective. He corrected some mistakes about Xiao Xu combining with history, attempted to re⁃store poem teaching′s original appearance. He investigated and supplemented content of the Book of Songs by using the Book of Songs, Xu, and Zhou period, intended to carry forward the humanization of ancient sages and achieve the lessons about management of the country. Ye Shi opposed the remark of Confucius′s Deleting the Book of Songs, which indicated his respect of history and the Book of Songs. Ye Shi′s proving poems by historic literature corrected Han Leaning and Song Leaning. And, it reflected his research methods:consider the classics and history, as well as pay equal attention on meaning and utilitarianism. The view of Confucian Classics Being History and practical principle of Yongjia School became the important theoretical source of social reform thoughts in Ming and Qing pe⁃riods.%叶适认为,《诗》既是儒家经典,本质上又是史书,故对《诗》亦应从史学角度展开解读。他联系历史对小《序》进行辨误,试图还原诗教原貌;利用《诗》《序》、周史考补《诗》本事,意欲彰先圣教化,获得经世治国的教训与启示。叶适反对“孔子删诗说”显示了他对史实及《诗》文本的尊重。叶适以史解《诗》既为匡补汉、宋之学流弊,又反映了他兼顾经史、核义理与见事功并重的治学思路。叶适阐发的“经亦史”的观点代表了“永嘉学派”的经世致用观念,成为明清时期社会改革思潮的重要理论来源。

  4. DTDP-rhamnosyl transferase RfbF, is a newfound receptor-related regulatory protein for phage phiYe-F10 specific for Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Junrong; Li, Xu; Zha, Tao; Chen, Yuhuang; Hao, Huijing; Liu, Chang; Duan, Ran; Xiao, Yuchun; Su, Mingming; Wang, Xin; Jing, Huaiqi

    2016-03-11

    Bacteriophages and their hosts are continuously engaged in evolutionary competition. Here we isolated a lytic phage phiYe-F10 specific for Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3. We firstly described the phage receptor was regulated by DTDP-rhamnosyl transferase RfbF, encoded within the rfb cluster that was responsible for the biosynthesis of the O antigens. The deletion of DTDP-rhamnosyl transferase RfbF of wild type O:3 strain caused failure in phiYe-F10 adsorption; however, the mutation strain retained agglutination with O:3 antiserum; and complementation of its mutant converted its sensitivity to phiYe-F10. Therefore, DTDP-rhamnosyl transferase RfbF was responsible for the phage infection but did not affect recognition of Y. enterocolitica O:3 antiserum. Further, the deletions in the putative O-antigen biosynthesis protein precursor and outer membrane protein had no effect on sensitivity to phiYe-F10 infection. However, adsorption of phages onto mutant HNF10-ΔO-antigen took longer time than onto the WT, suggesting that deletion of the putative O-antigen biosynthesis protein precursor reduced the infection efficiency.

  5. YeATS - a tool suite for analyzing RNA-seq derived transcriptome identifies a highly transcribed putative extensin in heartwood/sapwood transition zone in black walnut [version 2; referees: 2 approved

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sandeep Chakraborty

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available The transcriptome provides a functional footprint of the genome by enumerating the molecular components of cells and tissues. The field of transcript discovery has been revolutionized through high-throughput mRNA sequencing (RNA-seq. Here, we present a methodology that replicates and improves existing methodologies, and implements a workflow for error estimation and correction followed by genome annotation and transcript abundance estimation for RNA-seq derived transcriptome sequences (YeATS - Yet Another Tool Suite for analyzing RNA-seq derived transcriptome. A unique feature of YeATS is the upfront determination of the errors in the sequencing or transcript assembly process by analyzing open reading frames of transcripts. YeATS identifies transcripts that have not been merged, result in broken open reading frames or contain long repeats as erroneous transcripts. We present the YeATS workflow using a representative sample of the transcriptome from the tissue at the heartwood/sapwood transition zone in black walnut. A novel feature of the transcriptome that emerged from our analysis was the identification of a highly abundant transcript that had no known homologous genes (GenBank accession: KT023102. The amino acid composition of the longest open reading frame of this gene classifies this as a putative extensin. Also, we corroborated the transcriptional abundance of proline-rich proteins, dehydrins, senescence-associated proteins, and the DNAJ family of chaperone proteins. Thus, YeATS presents a workflow for analyzing RNA-seq data with several innovative features that differentiate it from existing software.

  6. The Analysis of YE Tian-shi's Experience in Clinical Treatment by Using Lobster Sauce%叶天士运用豆豉经验浅析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    汪春红; 陈烨文; 陈一江

    2014-01-01

    Lobster sauce is widely used in Chinese classical prescriptions ,while now is seldom used again .For mastering the thought of using lobster sauce by Zhang Zhong -jing, the methods of researching Ye Tian -shi's works and medical cases is used , to explore lob-ster sauce's efficiency , which should be good for clinical TCM doctors'prescriptions nowadays .%豆豉在经方中应用广泛,今却已鲜为人所用。以研究叶天士的《临证指南医》中的医案为手段发掘豆豉的临床使用证候,使经方更好的运用于临床。

  7. 叶承立与《乾隆·嘉应州志》%Ye Chengli and The Local Records of Jiayingzhou in Qianlong' s Time

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶科泰

    2012-01-01

    The Local Records of Jiayingzhou in Qianlong's Time is a precious historical material for people to study Hakka history today. Nervertheless, the author, a gifted Hakka, Ye Chengli who paid great efforts on this book was known least. It was found through some study of historical materials that Ye Chengli was the chief editor of this book, and a number of political points and arguments from this book which were recognized and promoted by de- scendants actually presented his Confucian idea that advocated humanity and morality. One of his political ideas emphasizing harmony between nature and human race was practiced well when he was the governor of Fuchuan county, Guangxi province. It was practiced in the enhancement of the communicaiton and intigration between local Hakka, Han and minority of Zhuang and Yao, and also the development of these nations.%《乾隆·嘉应州志》为今天人们研究客家历史提供了难得的史料,然而当年为编纂《乾隆·嘉应州志》付出艰辛努力的客家才子叶承立却鲜为人知。通过对一些史料的考证,作者提出了叶承立实际上是《乾隆·嘉应州志》第一执行主编的观点,同时认为《乾隆·嘉应州志》的许多受后人推崇的论述、观点实际上是他崇文尚武的儒家思想的反映。其主张天人合一的政见与措施在其广西富川县知县任上,在服务于当地客家和汉族与壮、瑶少数民族的交流、融合和发展上得以很好实施和表现。

  8. Sequence stratigraphy and environmental background of the late Pleistocene and Holocene occupation in the Southeast Primor'ye (the Russian Far East)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chlachula, Jiri; Krupyanko, Alexander A.

    2016-06-01

    The paper presents the results of Quaternary palaeoecology and geoarchaeology studies in the Zerkal'naya Basin, with new insights about sequenced natural shifts during the prehistoric occupation of this marginally explored NE Asian maritime territory. The Basin is part of the continental drainage system and the main physiographic and biotic corridor for peopling of the transitive coastal interior SE Primor'ye Region. The Final Pleistocene and Holocene environmental (biotic and abiotic) proxy records from the Upper/Final Palaeolithic to early historical sites document a dynamic climate change with vegetation cover transformations within riverine and mountain valley ecosystems of the Russian Far East. Most of the archaeological sites located on the low terraces and bedrock promontories along the main river channel and its tributary streams suggest traditional hunter gathered lifestyles based on seasonal salmon-fishing supplemented by pastoral economy. Tundra-forests with larch trees, dwarf birch thickets and polypod ferns from the basal stratigraphic units of the late Last Glacial occupation sites associated with the Upper Palaeolithic micro-blade and bifacial stone tool traditions (14C-dated to 19,000-12,000 cal yrs BP) indicate rather pronounced conditions and much lower MAT comparing today. Following a final Pleistocene cooling event, a major climate warming marked the onset of Holocene accompanied by a regional humidity increase promoting the formation of a mixed broadleaved-coniferous oak-dominant taiga, and culminating in the mid-Holocene Climatic Optimum. The appearance of mosaic parklands ca. 5,000-4,000 cal yrs BP. may be partly attributed to the expansion of the Far Eastern Neolithic cultures practicing forest clearance for pastures and dwellings. A progressing landscape opening indicated by the spread of light-demanding thickets and birch-dominated riverine biotopes with Artemisia suggests a further vegetation cover transformation during the late Neolithic

  9. Early age hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate (synthetic ye'elimite, ) in the presence of gypsum and varying amounts of calcium hydroxide

    KAUST Repository

    Hargis, Craig W.

    2013-06-01

    Suspensions of synthetic ye\\'elimite (C4A3S̄) in a saturated gypsum (CS̄H2) and calcium hydroxide (CH) solution were examined in-situ in a wet cell by soft X-ray transmission microscopy and ex-situ by scanning electron microscopy. The most voluminous hydration product observed was ettringite. Ettringite commonly displayed acicular, filiform, reticulated, and stellate crystal habits. Additionally, pastes with C 4A3S̄, 15% CS̄H2, and varying amounts of CH were prepared and examined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and isothermal calorimetry. The XRD experiments showed that increasing CH content caused more solid solution (SO4 2 -/OH-) AFm phases to form at early ages (< 1 d) and more monosulfate to form at later ages (> 1 d). Calorimetry indicated that the increased production of solid solution AFm was accompanied with an increase in the initial (< 30 min) rate of heat evolution, and increasing CH generally reduced the time till the second maximum rate of heat evolution due to the formation of ettringite and monosulfate. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  10. The anti-hyperplasia, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of Qing Ye Dan and swertiamarin in testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xinying; Gu, Ye; Li, Lun

    2017-01-04

    Qing Ye Dan (QYD) is the whole plant of Swertia mileensis and used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and so on. This study was to investigate the effects of QYD and its main component swertiamarin on BPH induced by testosterone in rats. The prostatic expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (βFGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Prostatic levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory-related factors were also analyzed. Additionally, the prostatic expressions of androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor (ER)-α, ER-β, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, B-cell CLL/lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) were measured by western blot. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) associated factors were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. It showed that QYD and swertiamarin ameliorated the testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia and collagen deposition, attenuated the over-expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF, EGF, βFGF, PCNA, AR and ER-α, reduced the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, enhanced the expression of ER-β, inhibited the oxidative stress and local inflammation, as well as relieved prostatic EMT. It suggested that QYD and swertiamarin had prostatic protective potential against BPH.

  11. Black Hole on a Chip: Proposal for a Physical Realization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in a Solid-State System

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pikulin, D. I.; Franz, M.

    2017-07-01

    A system of Majorana zero modes with random infinite-range interactions—the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model—is thought to exhibit an intriguing relation to the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti-de Sitter space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here, we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid-state system. The proposed setup employs the Fu-Kane superconductor realized at the interface between a three-dimensional topological insulator and an ordinary superconductor. The requisite N Majorana zero modes are bound to a nanoscale hole fabricated in the superconductor that is threaded by N quanta of magnetic flux. We show that when the system is tuned to the surface neutrality point (i.e., chemical potential coincident with the Dirac point of the topological insulator surface state) and the hole has sufficiently irregular shape, the Majorana zero modes are described by the SYK Hamiltonian. We perform extensive numerical simulations to demonstrate that the system indeed exhibits physical properties expected of the SYK model, including thermodynamic quantities and two-point as well as four-point correlators, and discuss ways in which these can be observed experimentally.

  12. YE Jin’s Experience on Treating Precocious Puberty%叶进辨治儿童性早熟经验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘晓芳; 叶进

    2016-01-01

    叶进认为嗜食甘肥、痰热内生是儿童性早熟发生的主要致病因素,提出痰、火是其主要病理因素,强调健脾化痰、滋阴降火是治疗性早熟的关键,临证运用化痰泻火法,拟抗早颗粒以二陈汤合知柏地黄汤加减组方治疗。%YE Jin has holds that addiction to sweat and greasy food ,endogenous generation of phlegm and heat are the major factors to cause precocious puberty ,while phlegm and fire are the major pathogenic fac-tors. He emphasizes that strengthening the spleen and resolving phlegm ,nourishing yin and extinguishing fire are the key for treating precocious puberty. In clinic ,he uses Kangzao granules (Erchen decoction combining with Zhibai Dihuang decoction) to treat precocious puberty based on resolving phlegm and purging fire.

  13. 《园冶·题词》释义解析%Analysis and Annotation on Puzzling Questions ofInscription ofYuan Ye

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王劲韬

    2014-01-01

    作为中国造园史上唯一技术专著,计成所著《园冶》在明清众多园林文论中独树一帜。其独特之处就在于,它不仅系统介绍了中国古典园林的诸多技术手法,而且将许多文人造园的思想和理念蕴涵其中。以举例解析为主线,分析了《园冶·题词》等篇的重点论句,并借此探讨《园冶》有关异宜与成法、工匠与主人等问题的基本立场。%As the only summary of classical gardening techniques,Yuan Ye, orCraft of Gardens, by Ji Cheng is very unusual and may be unique in many gardening literary theory of the Ming and Qing Dynasties. Its uniqueness lies in that it not only systematically introduced many of the techniques of Chinese classical gardens, but also contained a lot of literati gardening thoughts and ideas. By example analysis, the paper illustrates the speciifc writing background, and deciphers some of the key discussion in the inscription, and further inquires the fundamental ideology towards the relation of special methods and rules, craftsman and master, etc.

  14. Black Hole on a Chip: Proposal for a Physical Realization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in a Solid-State System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Pikulin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A system of Majorana zero modes with random infinite-range interactions—the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK model—is thought to exhibit an intriguing relation to the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti–de Sitter space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here, we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid-state system. The proposed setup employs the Fu-Kane superconductor realized at the interface between a three-dimensional topological insulator and an ordinary superconductor. The requisite N Majorana zero modes are bound to a nanoscale hole fabricated in the superconductor that is threaded by N quanta of magnetic flux. We show that when the system is tuned to the surface neutrality point (i.e., chemical potential coincident with the Dirac point of the topological insulator surface state and the hole has sufficiently irregular shape, the Majorana zero modes are described by the SYK Hamiltonian. We perform extensive numerical simulations to demonstrate that the system indeed exhibits physical properties expected of the SYK model, including thermodynamic quantities and two-point as well as four-point correlators, and discuss ways in which these can be observed experimentally.

  15. Krassavitsa protiv tshudovishtshja / Anita-Lucia Roddick ; interv. Oksana Bondar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roddick, Anita-Lucia

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu rahvusvahelise kosmeetikafirma The Body Shop looja, ühiskonnategelase ja keskkonnakaitsja Anita Roddick'uga. Firma The Body Shop osalemisest rahvusvahelises perevägivalla-vastases kampaanias

  16. Clinical observation of Kangfuxin Ye combined with Mupirocin in the treatment of impetigo neonatorum%康复新液联合莫匹罗星治疗新生儿脓疱疮临床观察及护理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李红姗; 蒙晶; 郑诗华

    2012-01-01

    目的 观察康复新液联合莫匹罗星治疗新生儿脓疱疮临床疗效.方法 103例患者随机分为试验组和对照组,试验组外用康复新液联合莫匹罗星软膏,对照组外用高锰酸钾联合莫匹罗星软膏,观察两组的临床疗效.结果 试验组脓疱愈合时间少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).试验组有效率高于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论 康复新液联合莫匹罗星治疗新生儿脓疱疮安全有效.%Objective To observe the clinical efficacy of Kangfuxin Ye combined with Mupirocin in the treatment of impetigo neonatorum. Methods One hundred and three patients with impetigo neonatorum were randomly divided into the study group and the control group. Mupirocin Combined with Kangfuxin Ye were applied in the study group, while Mupirocin combined with potassium permanganate were applied in the control group. The therapeutic effect was compared between the two groups. Results The healing time of pustule in the study group were marked significantly shorter than that in control group (P<0.01). The efficacy of the study group was significantly better than that of the control group (P0.05). Conclusion Mupirocin combined with Kangfuxin Ye is efficient and safe for treating impetigo neonatorum.

  17. On “Ye Lan's Path” of Education Research%论教育研究的“叶澜之路”

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王鉴

    2015-01-01

    As teaching theories abound in “Life・ Practice” Pedagogy , it can also be taken as “Life・Practice” teaching methodology , the main contents of w hich include view s on the nature of classroom teaching , the value of classroom teaching , the process of classroom teaching , the structure of classroom teaching , and the evaluation of classroom teaching . “Life・ Practice” pedagogy is the third stage of the studies on contemporary Chinese pedagogy . It represents the generative nature of the indigenous Chinese culture and the inductive nature of the theoretical system . Methodologically , it opens up a unique and glamorous “Path of Ye Lan” for educational studies in China :exploring the academic origin , establishing a theoretical school , wandering in the world but favoring only green grass in winter , spring and summer .%“生命・实践”教育学中蕴含着丰富的教学理论思想,可称之为“生命・实践”教学论,其主要内容包括:课堂教学本质观、课堂教学价值观、课堂教学过程观、课堂教学评价观和课堂中的师生关系等。“生命・实践”教学论是当代中国教学论探索的第三个阶段,它呈现出了中国本土文化的生成性与理论体系的归纳性。从方法论上为中国的教育研究探索出了一条独特而富有魅力的“叶澜之路”:探究学术源流、创建理论学派、行走天地人间、独爱冬春夏草。

  18. Determining Knowledge Level And Application Self Breast Check (Sbc And Breast Cancer Of Women In Muğla County, Bayır, Yerkesik and Yeşilyurt Health Center Areas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gülcihan Çadır

    2006-12-01

    Full Text Available This study has been carried out in order to determine knowledge level and applicationof Self Breast Check (SBC and breast cancer of women over 20, in the areas MuglaCounty,Bayır, Yerkesik and Yeşilyurt Healt Center. [8]In the study 2181 women over 20 in Muğla county, Bayır, Yerkesik and Yeşilyurthealt center areas were given 45 survey questions which was composed of 16 guestions ondescription, 15 guestions on their information level and 14 questions Self Breast Check (SBCand datas collected and assessed. [9]Of the women, ages education level,social security, income, marital statüs, number ofchilderen, main source of informatio, reasons of not applying SBC, SBC aplication ,relativeswith breast cancer, compered a meaningful difference (p<0.05 in the comparison ofinformation points, have been found out. [10]Status when the women’s SBC compared with age groups, education,job,socialsecurity income level, marital statüs, and main source of information; a meaningful differencehas been found out (p<0.05. [11]It has been determined that 45.1 % of the women who participated in the survey didSBC,19.4 % had clinic examination and 10.5 % had mamography.

  19. ...Be Ye a Peculiar People.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wittmer, Joe

    1983-01-01

    The author discusses his experience of attending public school as an Amish child during the time when America was at war with Germany. Offered are five suggestions for the public school teacher who has Amish children in the classroom. (JM)

  20. Experimental Study on the Anti-contact Dermatitis Efficacy and Antiviral Effect of JingFuYe%净肤液对接触性皮炎及抗病毒作用的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    何俊清; 李玉山; 雷淑英; 陈尚周; 吕君; 郝君

    2009-01-01

    目的 探讨中草药制剂净肤液对接触性皮炎及病毒感染的治疗作用.方法 采用2,4-二硝基氟苯(DNFB)制作小鼠接触性皮炎模型,观察用药各组小鼠左耳中部厚度变化并应用ABC免疫组化法检测表皮朗格汉斯细胞(LCs)的数目;采用单纯疱疹Ⅱ型病毒(HSV-2)感染豚鼠阴道致病变,运用症状评分法评价豚鼠症状变化,并检测血清中HSV-IgG和IgM.结果 通过对诱发皮炎前、后24 h鼠耳厚度差及LCs数日的比较,净肤液组可明显降低LCs数;净肤液不同程度的抑制HSV-2感染豚鼠阴道所致病变.结论 净肤液对接触性皮炎和病毒感染有较强的抑制和治疗作用.%Objective To discuss the antiviral effect and anti-contact dermatitis efficacy of JingFuYe. Methods Made contact dermatitis mice model by DNFB, measured the central thickness of mice left ear in each medication group and adopted the ABC immunohistochernical method to detect the number of Langerhan spcell(LCs). Infect guinea pig vaginal by HSV-2. Changes of symptoms were evaluated by Symptom score method. Detect the number of HSV-IgG and IgM in guinea pig serum. Results Compared with the control group, the ear thickness difference and the number of LCs in the experimental group were significantly reduced. JingFuYe have inhibitive effect to the Lesions caused by HSV-2 vaginal infection in guinea pig On different extents. Conclusion JingFuYe has inhibitive function to the murine experimental contact dermatitis and anti-virus effects.

  1. from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

  2. 《园冶》在日本的传播及其在现代造园学中的意义%A Study on Yuan Ye with Viewpoints on Its Introduction to Japan and Its Impact on Ideas of Landscape Architecture

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李桓

    2013-01-01

    This paper discusses how the philosophy of Yuan Ye was conveyed to Japan, and what kind of significance this philosophy has with regard to landscape architecture today. The following research parts were included: a) the introduction of Yuan Ye philosophy to Japan; b) present editions of Yuan Ye and the differences between them; c) the trends of landscape research in Japanese; d) the essence of Yuan Ye pertinent today. This paper points out that Yuan Ye was noticed early in Japan and that this philosophy influenced fields of gardening, literature, art, etc. The modern edition of Yuan Ye by the Society for the Study of Chinese Architecture influenced present editions in Japan although incomplete parts remain. Some troubles in putting traditional concepts into modern terms were noted academically, but the essential ideas conveyed by Yuan Ye are still meaningful today.%考察了《园冶》在日本的传播和影响,并再考了《园冶》对现代造园学的启示.考察范围具体为:1)《园冶》在日本的传播;2)《园冶》的现代版和诸版本的比较;3)日本造园学最近的趋势;4)再探《园冶》之精华.结论为:《园冶》在历史上对日本的造园学、文学和美术等领域有过不同程度的影响;在营造学社的版本面世之后又对日本有过新的影响,但在与原版的对照与校正方面尚存疑点;传统的造园学在向现代接轨中尚存的问题,但《园冶》中的基本概念在现代仍有价值.

  3. 连续梁跨营业线门式防护棚架施工技术%Continuous Beam Span YingYeXian Portal Frame Protection Construction Technology

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐世龙

    2012-01-01

      Based on reconstruction Chang Jiang Bu to Jing Men line railway electrification transformation project under symplectic shop ascending relief line Chen Jia Wan super-large bridge engineering, the paper describes the continuous beam across Ying Ye Xian railway door type protection frame const-ruction technology, and provides some useful experience for similar engineering construction.%  本文以改建铁路长江埠至荆门线电气化改造工程下辛店上行疏解线陈家湾特大桥工程为例,对连续梁跨越营业线铁路门式防护棚架施工技术进行阐述,为相似工程施工提供一些有益经验。

  4. Qingdou Xiufu Jinghua Ye for the improvement of acne vulgaris: a multi-center study%清痘修复精华液改善寻常痤疮皮损的多中心研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    徐良恒; 李娜; 程波; 李惠; 林新瑜; 范文葛; 黄一锦; 曹萍; 孙东杰

    2013-01-01

    目的 探讨含重楼、马齿苋提取物、透明质酸钠的清痘修复精华液改善寻常痤疮的安全性.方法 多中心、随机、开放对照研究,分为观察组及对照组各80例.每天早晚各1次,在使用薇诺娜洁面泡沫清洁面部后,观察组在痤疮皮损处使用含重楼、马齿苋提取物、透明质酸钠的清痘修复精华液,对照组在皮损处外用含木瓜蛋白酶活性成分、维生素B3、马齿苋提取液、水杨酸衍生物的薇诺娜清痘修复精华液.分别观察观察组和对照组使用前后皮损改善情况.结果 共完成149例,脱落11例,完成实验中,观察组73例,对照组76例.使用受试品14 d,28 d,使用前后炎性皮损及总皮损数较首诊日均有明显改善(P<0.05),观察组与对照组有效率比较,差异无统计学意义.结论 含重楼、马齿苋提取物、透明质酸钠的清痘修复精华液能辅助改善痤疮皮损.%Objective To evaluate the safety of Qingdou Xiufu Jinghua Ye,a skin care product containing the extract of Chinese manyleaf paris rhizome,purslane and sodium hyaluronate,in the improvement of acne vulgaris.Methods A multicenter,randomized,open-label,controlled study was conducted.Totally,160 patients with acne vulgaris were equally classified into two groups to topically apply the modified Qingdou Xiufu Jinghua Ye containing the extract of Chinese manyleaf paris rhizome,purslane and sodium hyaluronate (experiment group) or the original Qingdou Xiufu Jinghua Ye containing papain,vitamin B3,extract of purslane,and salicylic acid derivate (control group),twice a day after face washing with a commercial foaming face wash.The number of acne lesions was calculated at the baseline,on day 7,14 and 28 after the start of intervention.Results Finally,11 patients were lost to follow-up,and 149 patients completed the trial,including 73 patients in the experiment group and 76 patients in the control group.The number of inflammatory lesions and total lesions

  5. The Influence of Cultural Colonialism Seen From Early Novels of Su Ye Literature%从《素叶文学》的前期小说看殖民政策的影响

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许立秋

    2011-01-01

    《素叶文学》坚持文学的严肃性和文学性,再现香港人由于中英谈判而显得相对复杂的心情,香港经济腾飞后香港人追求的生活方式以及严肃文学在香港的尴尬处境。香港的殖民地身份让作家们在描写香港的时候无法视而不见,隐隐在文章中透露出殖民统治的"后遗症"。本文以《素叶文学》前期的小说为切入点,阐述英帝国在香港实行的文化殖民政策对香港的文学、香港人的生活价值观和面对回归时的情感的影响。%Seriousness and literariness are two traits that support Su Ye Literature where the Hong Kong people re-experience the complex mentality in Sino-British negotiation and the life style after economic prosperity and the embarrassment of serious literature. The colonized identity cannot be overlooked when authors write about the culture of HK and the "aftermaths" are still visible between lines. This article starts with Su Ye Literature, explores the effects of the British colony policies on the literature in HK, the values of life and the emotion of Hong Kong people to the return of Hong Kong.

  6. 叶广芩与张爱玲家族小说艺术风格之比较研究%Artistic Style of Ye Guangqin’ s and Zhang Ailing’ s Family Novels:a Comparison

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高云龙

    2015-01-01

    The family novels of Manchu writer Ye Guangqin and Han writer Zhang Ailing show different artis-tic styles of Beijing opera with Beijing flavor and Shanghai flavor, as well as different language style of Zhang Jun-qiu’ s tune and Beijing tune, respectively.They also demonstrate different narrative mode and structure of tradition and modernity.In their novels, figures with various shapes and distinct personalities are created.Comparatively, Ye Guangqin is deeply influenced by the traditional Beijing opera and she depicts figures with Beijing opera tech-nique;Zhang Ailing is deeply affected by the folk novels of the Mandarin Ducks and Butterflies Group and she por-trays figures with folk novel skills with many modernist school skills simultaneously.%满族作家叶广芩与汉族作家张爱玲的家族小说分别表现了京味和海派、“张腔”与京腔不同的艺术风格,体现了传统与现代的不同叙事模式与结构。她们的家族小说为我们塑造了形态各异、性格独特的人物形象。叶广芩深受传统京剧的影响,用京剧的手法刻画人物;张爱玲深受鸳鸯蝴蝶派通俗小说的影响,用通俗小说的手法来刻画人物,同时又运用了许多现代派的技法。

  7. 读懂叶澜教授及其“生命・实践”教育学派%Inspiration from Professor Ye Lan and Her School of “Life・Practice” Pedagogy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    裴娣娜

    2015-01-01

    The key words of Professor Ye Lan and her school of “Life・ Practice” pedagogy are “life consciousness” , people‐oriented education , and gathering life breath . The school of “Life ・ Practice”pedagogy is a realization of historic leap with groundbreaking significance , w hich has enriched the thoughts of Chinese education , updated concepts in the field of educational , and promoted the development of education reform . Professor Ye Lan and her team are devoted to the school of “Life・Practice” pedagogy and have achieved a series of breakthroughs , w hich has become an important page in history of Chinese education research .%叶澜老师及其“生命・实践”教育学派,核心的关键词是“生命自觉”。人化而为人,聚人的生命气息,“生命・实践”教育学派实现了历史性的跨越,具有里程碑的意义,它丰富了中国教育的思想库,更新了教育领域的思维观念,促进了教育改革的发展。叶澜老师及其团队致力于“生命・实践”教育学派的躬耕,取得了一系列的突破,这将在中国的教育研究历史上写下非常重要的一页。

  8. The PEST Ecological Analysis and Optimization Strategies on Graduates' Entrepreneurship "Experimental Field"——Taking Shanghai "Chuang YE! Xiao Dian (Start a Small Business)" Graduate Entrepreneurship Competition as an Example%大学生创业"试验田"的PEST生态分析与优化对策——以上海"创YE!小店"大学生创业见习大赛为例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    毛启蒙

    2010-01-01

    如何科学引导大学生创业,以社会力量进行扶持成为当前各级政府、共青团组织的重要课题.2009年,共青团上海市普陀区委联合多方力量,开展了"创YE!小店"大学生创业见习大赛,为创业大学生提供了一块创业"试验田".本文以此为案例,采用PEST分析法对创业环境进行生态分析,并提出了优化建议.

  9. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin YARBAŞI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available TURKISH ACCOUNTING STANDARDS AND ACCOUNTING APPLICATION OF THE PROMOTIONAL PRODUCTS BASED ON CUSTOMER LOYALTY PROGRAMSAbstract: It is an undeniable and inevitable fact that the world economic growth relies heavily on ever-expanding concept of globalisation. The survival of commercial enterprises, as the most important economic units in this system, directly depends on keeping and broadening their market shares.In the competitive atmosphere that started in the middle of the last century, the concept called Marketing Mix, the 4 P’s, became a part of the literature in 1960’s in order to help the economic units and corporations to maintain their survival. The elements of Marketing Mix- product, place, price and promotion, are instruments developed to lure new customers as well as keep the former loyal ones. The concept of Promotion evolved greatly in time and companies developed innovative ways to persuade new customers and keep the loyal ones. It was later discovered that the cost of luring new customers is six times more pricy than keeping old ones thus investing in the loyal customers proved to be more attractive. Time difference of the activities of Promotion, the effort of sustaining customer loyalty or commitment of the old buyers, was influential on accounting as well and thus was included in IAS. Keywords: Marketing Mix, Turkish Financial Reporting Standards, IFRIC 13. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASIÖzet: Dünya ekonomisinin küreselleşme olgusu çerçevesinde gittikçe artan bir hızla gelişmekte olduğu yadsınamaz ve kaçınılamaz bir gerçektir. Bu düzende yer alan en önemli ekonomik birimler olan ticari işletmelerin ömürleri pazar paylarını koruyabilmelerine ve genişletebilmelerine doğrudan bağlıdır.Geçtiğimiz yüzyılın ortalarında başlayan rekabet ortamında ticari birimlerin varlıklarını s

  10. Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye Göre Sûfi Benlik Dönüşümü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ibrahim Işıtan

    2013-03-01

    ğer bir takım yöntemler ortaya konmuştur. Sûfî anlayış da kendine has metotlarla bir benlik gelişimi teorisi oluşturmuş, seyri sülûk diye adlandırılan rûhî gelişimin temel karakteristiklerini ortaya koymuştur. Modern psikoloji insanın davranışını ve davranışlarındaki patolojik durumları anlamaya ve yeniden düzenlemek için terapi yöntemleri geliştirmeye çalışırken, sûfî hayat biçimi de insanı anlamaya ve olumsuz ve patolojik diye nitelendirebileceğimiz davranışlarını – tasavvuf diliyle ifade edersek nefsin ayıplarını – rûhî ve mânevi yapıya göre yeniden düzene koyma konusu üzerine durmuştur. Bu çalışmada, sûfî benlik dönüşümü konusu, klasik dönemin ünlü sûfilerinden olan Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye göre incelenmiş ve sûfî benlik dönüşümün fizyolojik ve psiko-ruhsal boyutlardaki yansımaları kısaca ele alınmıştır.La Transmutation de Soi selon Ebu’l-Hasan al-HarakânîRésuméLa psychologie soufie est un nouveau domaine de recherche qui étudie les attitudes et comportements des soufis. En parallèle du développement de la psychologie moderne qui étudie les attitudes et comportements humains et leurs origines dans l’organisme de l’homme, on a eu l’occasion d’étudier les attitudes et comportements des soufis selon le point de vue psychologique. En psychologie moderne, on a étudié le sujet de l’intégrité de soi appelé par l’expression de ‘réalisation de soi’ en examinant les principales caractéristiques des personnes dites ‘perfectionnées’ et on a développé certaines méthodes et théories au sujet du développement de la personnalité. La vie soufie a développé une théorie de la personnalité selon ses propres méthodes en étudiant les caractéristiques de base de l’évolution spirituelle de l’homme. La psychologie moderne examine aussi les comportements pathologiques et développe des thérapies adéquates pour réadapter les comportements

  11. KAMU HİZMETİNDE ETKİLİLİK VE ETKİNLİK TARTIŞMALARI BAĞLAMINDA 112 ACİL ÇAĞRI HİZMETLERİNİN KÖTÜYE KULLANIMI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali EKŞİ

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ Doğrudan yaşam hakkı ile ilgili olan acil çağrı hizmetlerinin sunumunda, yararlanıcıya bir takım ayrıcalıklar tanınmakta, hizmete başvuru ve hizmete ulaşma kolaylaştırılmaktadır. Ancak hizmetin bizzat yararlanıcısı tarafından suistimal edilmesi, hizmetin sunumunu olumsuz etkilemektedir. Çalışmada, acil çağrı hizmetlerinin kötüye kullanımının, kamu hizmetinde etkililik ve etkinlik tartışmaları bağlamında değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmaktadır. Türkiye’de hizmetin kötüye kullanım oranının çok yüksek seviyede olması, çalışmayı önemli kılmaktadır. Çalışmada, kamu hizmetinde ve acil çağrı hizmetlerinde etkililik ve etkinlik tartışmaları ile ilgili bir kavramsal çerçeve oluşturulmuş ve Türkiye acil çağrı hizmetlerinde kötüye kullanımın değerlendirilmesi, çözüm önerilerinin geliştirilmesi adına bir anket çalışması yapılmıştır. Acil çağrı hizmetlerinde kötüye kullanım, bilinçli ve bilinçsiz olmak üzere ikiye ayrılmaktadır. Anket çalışmasında, hizmetin ücretsiz olması, 24 saat sunulması ve yararlanıcıların hizmetin doğru kullanımı için yeterli bilgiye sahip olmamaları kötüye kullanımı arttıran faktörler olarak ortaya çıkmıştır. Hizmetin etkililiğini ve etkinliğini kaybetmesi ile oluşacak olan, hak kayıpları ve sosyal maliyetin önlenmesi adına teknik ve idari önlemlerin oluşturulması önemli görülmektedir. ABSTRACT Various privileges are provided to the beneficiary for the provision of emergency call services which are directly related with the right to live thus easing application and access to such services. However, the service provision is adversely affected from the misuse by the beneficiary. The objective of the study is to evaluate the misuse of emergency call services with regard to discussions on effectiveness and efficiency in public services. The study is important especially for Turkey where the

  12. İtibar Yönetimi Açışından Yeşil Pazarlama: Örnek Olay İncelemesi / Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samet Kavoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available 21.yy modern işletmecilik mantığı çerçevesinde üretimin sorun olmaktan çıktığı, işletmeler için en önemli sıkıntının pazarlama faaliyetleri kapsamında yaşandığı düşünüldüğünde, alana dair çok sayıda yenilikçi fikrin ortaya çıkması oldukça normaldir. Bu fikri akımlar içerisinde yer alan, çalışma kapsamında incelenecek yeşil pazarlama uygulamalarını, diğerlerinden ayıran başlıca özellik pazarlama karması içerisinde yer alan tutundurma faaliyetlerinin her bir faktörüyle ilişkilendirilebilir olmasıdır. Çalışmanın sınırlarını çizebilmek ve derinlemesine araştırma olanağını arttırmak adına araştırma kapsamında yeşil pazarlamanın, tutundurma faaliyetlerinden halkla ilişkilerin, itibar yönetimi fonksiyonuyla olan ilişkisi, ödüllü bir proje olan “Unilever Sürdürülebilir Yaşam Planı” örneği üzerinden incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda, kuruluşun paydaşları nezdinde itibarını arttırmak gayesiyle hayata geçirilen yeşil pazarlama temalı, küresel ölçekli projenin hedefleri açısından genel değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study When it is taken into account that the production is no longer a problem within the framework of the modern business management logic of the 21st century and the primary difficulty is experienced by the businesses within the scope of the marketing activities, it is natural that a great number of innovative ideas emerge concerning the field. The main characteristic which distinguishes the practices of the green marketing which is in these streams of ideas and which will be examined within the scope of study from others is that they can be associated with each factor of promotional activities in the marketing mix. To be able to draw the lines of the study and to increase the possibility of the in-depth research, within the scope of the research, the relationship of

  13. Curative effect of WuHuangYe irrigation on the treatment of non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis%真菌性鼻窦炎术后五黄液灌洗的干预研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘强; 孙永东; 黄永林; 朱佳丽; 钟伦坤; 吕彩凤; 覃刚

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To observe the clinical curative effect of WuHuangYe irrigation on non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis (NIFS)after nasal endoscopic surgery. Methods: By randomized controlled method, 146 effective cases (157 sides) of clinically diagnosed non-invasive fungal rhinosinusitis from two centers were divided into treatment group (73 cases, 80 sides) and control group (73 cases, 77 sides). In treatment group, traditional Chinese medicine WuHuangYe 100 ml was began to irrigate nasal sinuses at the fourth day postoperation once a day in the first month,then,changed to once a week,a total of 3 months for a course of treatment. Physiological saline was used to irrigate nasal sinuses in control group with the same frequency and dose. Every patient received follow-up observation and nasal endoscopy check for 6 months to evaluate curative effect. Results: The total effective rate was 92.3% in the treatment group and 79.2% in the control group with significant difference between two groups (P<0.05). Conclusion:WuHuangYe irrigation after operation can improve the cure rate of noninvasive fungal sinusitis and without toxic effects.%目的:观察真菌性鼻窦炎经鼻内镜鼻窦手术后“五黄液”灌洗鼻腔鼻窦的临床疗效。方法:采用两个中心随机对照试验方法,对临床确诊的真菌性鼻窦炎(属肺经湿热或胆腑郁热证型)146例(157侧)有效病例,其中实验组73例(80侧),使用:内中药制剂“五黄液”灌洗,总量100 ml,术后第4 d开始每天1次,1个月后,改为每周1次,共3月为一个疗程;对照组73例(77侧)采用生理盐水灌洗,频次与剂量同实验组。门诊随访6个月并行鼻内镜检查评估疗效。结果:实验组总有效率92.3%,对照组总有效率79.2%,2组间总有效率差异有统计学意义(孕<0.05)。结论:在真菌性鼻窦炎手术后鼻腔鼻窦内灌洗“五黄液”可提高治愈率,未发现毒副作用。

  14. Early age hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate (synthetic ye'elimite, C{sub 4}A{sub 3}S{sup ¯}) in the presence of gypsum and varying amounts of calcium hydroxide

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hargis, Craig W. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Kirchheim, Ana Paula [Department of Civil Engineering, Federal University of Rio Grande do Sul, Porto Alegre, RS (Brazil); Monteiro, Paulo J.M., E-mail: monteiro@ce.berkeley.edu [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Gartner, Ellis M. [Lafarge Centre de Recherche, St. Quentin Fallavier, Isere (France)

    2013-06-15

    Suspensions of synthetic ye'elimite (C{sub 4}A{sub 3}S{sup ¯}) in a saturated gypsum (CS{sup ¯}H{sub 2}) and calcium hydroxide (CH) solution were examined in-situ in a wet cell by soft X-ray transmission microscopy and ex-situ by scanning electron microscopy. The most voluminous hydration product observed was ettringite. Ettringite commonly displayed acicular, filiform, reticulated, and stellate crystal habits. Additionally, pastes with C{sub 4}A{sub 3}S{sup ¯}, 15% CS{sup ¯}H{sub 2}, and varying amounts of CH were prepared and examined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and isothermal calorimetry. The XRD experiments showed that increasing CH content caused more solid solution (SO{sub 4}{sup 2−}/OH{sup −}) AFm phases to form at early ages (< 1 d) and more monosulfate to form at later ages (> 1 d). Calorimetry indicated that the increased production of solid solution AFm was accompanied with an increase in the initial (< 30 min) rate of heat evolution, and increasing CH generally reduced the time till the second maximum rate of heat evolution due to the formation of ettringite and monosulfate.

  15. 《齐东野语》中的亲属称谓语研究%The Study of Relative Appellation Terms inQi Dong Ye Yu(齐东野语)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕玲娣

    2016-01-01

    The relative appellation terms are the tags of the relationship between the family and relatives. These relative appellation terms can distinguish old and young, superior and inferior, close and distant. As one of the classic during The Notes of Song Dynasty, the relative appellation terms inQi Dong Ye Yuare numerous. They are not only the calling sign, but also reflect the mutual relationship between families and members of the same clan in the Song Dynasty. And these relative appellation terms can help us understand the social culture of Song Dynasty.%亲属称谓是人们在家庭内部和亲属往来中相互关系的标记,用以别长幼、分尊卑和辨亲疏。《齐东野语》作为宋人笔记名著之一,其亲属称谓语数量众多,这些亲属称谓语不仅仅是简单的称呼符号,也从一个侧面反映了宋代家庭、亲族中人与人的相互关系,有助于我们了解宋代的社会风貌。

  16. Animal survival experiment of 20mL pediatric Luo-Ye ventricular assist pump%20mL小儿罗叶泵的动物存活实验

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄焕雷; 祁周措; 姚丽明; 吴岳恒; 成安衡; 陆平兰; 武长礼; 肖学钧

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the influence of 20mL pediatric Luo-Ye ventricular assist pump on blood cells and the functions of critical organs, to identify the possibility of pediatric Luo-Ye pump in clinical practice. Methods Six healthy goats weighted ( 18 ±3. 3 ) kg. Left anterolateral thoracotomy through the leftfifth intercostal space was performed. Left ventricular assistance was established in the way of from left ventricular apex to descending aorta. Chest was closed after the implantation, and the tracheal intubation was extracted when the goat was alert and recovered spontaneous breathing. Intravenous heparin was given continuously tomaintain activated clotting time ( ACT ) at 180 -250 s during the assistance. Central venous pressure and blood pressure were monitored through internal carotid artery and jugular vein catheterization. Blood sample was drawn for plasma free hemoglobin ( FHB ) test before assistance, lh, 3h, 6h, lOh, 16h, 24h after assistance, and each 24h during the assistance. Blood routine, hepatic function, renal function and coagulation index were tested before the assistance and each 24h during the assistance. Specimens of heart, liver, kidney and lung were harvested for pathological examination. Results Refractory ventricular fibrillation occurred in one goat, successful experiments were performed in 5 goats and the survival time was ( 79. 8 ±60 ) h. Of the five goats, one died of embolism, thoracic cavity bleeding and pulmonary infection occurred in 1 case, hemorrhagic shock resulted from venous channel disconnection in 1 , and pneumothorax in 1. One goat was alive on the 7th day, which was weaned from the Luo-Ye pump successfully, and tracheal intubation was extracted evenly after closing the chest. This goat recovered very well. Heparin was used for anticoagulation therapy during the left ventricular assistance at the dose of 25 - 35u/( kg ? H ), keeping ACT at 180 - 250 s that was sufficient and safe for goat during the assistance. The

  17. Textual research on Chen Ye and his Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-presreved Empirical Recipes) of the Song Dynasty%宋代陈哗及《家藏经验方》考

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张雪丹; 张如青; 陈德兴

    2014-01-01

    Chen Ye,an official of the Southern Song Dynasty,also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name,was born in Changle,Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing,and died during the reign of Duanping.He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service),Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding,the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong,the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan,Shah ding (Reviser),Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou,Yuanzhou.His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr.Guling's Chronological Biography),1 volume of Tan xie (On Humor),1 volume of Shi hua (Poetry),8 volumes of Jin yuan li shu (Jin Yuan's Smart Technique),3 volumes of Yi jian zhi lei bian (Classified Compilation of Yijian's Annals),(Zeng guang) Suo s ui lu (Augmented Records of Trivial Matters),5 volumes of Jia cang jing yah fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes).He also compiled the 8-volume Yinjiang zhi (Yinjiang's Annals),published the 2-volume Jia cang ji yao fang (Collected Essential Recipes from Family Preservation),and other proses and poetry.Jia cangjing yah fang was a formulary compiled by Chen Ye,which was lost.Altogether 74 of its recipes were cited in Fu ren da quan liang fang (Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases),Shou qin yang lao shu (A Book for Pursuing Seniors' Longevity and Healthcare),Pu ji fang (Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and Yong le da dian (Yongle Encyclopedia).%南宋官员陈哗,字日华,福州长乐人,约生于宋绍兴年间,卒于端平年间,历任将仕郎、临汀知州、广东提刑、四川总领、删定、书林等职,亦曾于通州、沅州等地任职,著有《古灵先生年谱》1卷、《谈谐》1卷、《诗话》1卷、《金渊利术》8卷、《夷坚志类编》3卷、《(增广)琐碎录》、《家藏经验方》5卷,主持编撰《鄞江志》8卷,刊行方导《家藏集要方》2卷,另有诗词散文等.《家藏经验方》为陈晔所编撰的一部方

  18. 赖斯的文本类型理论与《静夜思》英译研究%A Study of Translating Jing Ye Si into English with Reiss’s Text Type Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈龙; 黄万武

    2014-01-01

    Text type theory put forward by German functional school scholar Reiss in 1970s offers different translation strategies and methods of evaluation for various texts. On Tang poetry, the treasure of Chinese literary history, more and more scholastic voice of growing concern over the translation of Tang poetry. The study on four English versions of Jing Ye Si, a classic lyric poem, is conducted from the perspective of Reiss’ text type theory, which indicates that the theory is easy to be applied and is of great significance for translating Tang poetry and disseminating the brilliant Chinese culture.%德国功能主义派学者赖斯20世纪70年代提出的文本类型理论为不同类型的文本提供了不同的翻译策略和评估方法。唐诗作为我国文学史上的瑰宝,越来越多的学者开始关注唐诗的英译。本文从赖斯的文本类型理论的角度来研究经典抒情唐诗《静夜思》的4个英译本。研究发现文本类型理论操作性强,对指导唐诗英译以及弘扬中华民族优秀文化有重要意义。

  19. A Comparative Study of the Story Events in Literary and Cinematic Narrative: A Comparison between the Story of Ashghalduni (Dustbin and the Adapted Movie, Dayere-ye Mina (The Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Hayati

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article tries to study the story Ašghālduni (Dustbin by Gholāmhossein Sā’edi and the adapted movie Dāyere-ye Minā (The Cycle by Dāryuš Mehrjuyi with a view to new adaptation theories. Of course, these theories have not yet been consistent and well-established; but its literature is going to evolve, especially its essentials are discussed in the study method of narratology. As an example, this proposition is discussed in theoretical subjects of adaptation that even in the loyal adapted movies, in which the structure of the literary story and the sequence of events in the movie are preserved, some of the semantic functions change because of story entry into the cinematic discourse along with the needs of medium of cinema. For example, the figurative aspect of Sā’edi's story in its adapted movie has been influenced by the scheme and sometimes realism dominates symbolism. Mehrjuyi has organized the events in the discourse of classic cinema in order to encourage the reader to persist the events during a certain time period. The way of timing a movie in terms of a three-screen structure encourages the spectator to follow the events and causes the "scheme" to dominate the "idea". Since the dominance of either scheme or idea creates different themes, it can be said that the very structural change leads somewhat to semantic change. Similarly, the change of Sā’edi's open ending narrative to a close one prevents the audience to participate in re-making the fictional fate of Ali; the sort that exists in a literary text.

  20. StrategiesC hoice in Translating "The C atcherin the R ye"%浅论《麦田里的守望者》中的翻译策略选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许鸿

    2014-01-01

    美国作家杰·戴·塞林格的长篇小说《麦田里的守望者》已经成为世界文学中当之无愧的经典之作。该书之所以能成为经典,不仅仅是因为书中对于人物内心的深刻剖析,还有很大一部分原因是由于书中人物非常有特色的语言表达。为了保证不同文化之间的交流并使经典的文学作品可以更好地传播,在进行翻译的过程中,要在尊重原文的基础上,尽可能采取异化的方式进行翻译,以确保翻译的准确性。%A m erican w riter Jay D ay Salinger's The C atcher in the R ye has becom e w ell-deserved classic literature in the w orld.The evaluation ofthe book is so high notjustbecause ofthe book has deep analysis ofthe innerfeeling ofthe characters, butow e to the hum orous and w itty language in the book.To ensure the good com m unication betw een differentcultures and good spread ofclassic literature w orks,to take dissim ilation asfaraspossible in translation to keep the accuracy oftranslation.

  1. Enlightenment of YE Tian-shi's theory of clearing heat and relieving depression on treating resistant depression%叶天士清热解郁法对难治性抑郁证治疗的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾竑晓; 王娣

    2011-01-01

    30% to 50% of depressed patients eventually present with treatment-resistant/refractory major depression (TRD), a debilitating condition that imposes significant health, social, and economic burdens.TRD belongs to traditional Melancholia.At present there are some discussion on TCM for depression and little about TRD.In Guide to Clinical Practice with Medical Records YE Tian-shi said stagnation syndrome was most caused by emotional illness.The early pathogenesis is stagnation of liver-qi, and then stagnated qi transform into fire, day and day excessive heat damage fluid.So he brought forward the thought of treating stagnation syndrome by clearing heat and relieving depression.It enlightens the new way of treatment resistant depression.%抑郁证是一种常见的情感性疾病,严重影响了人们的日常生活和社会功能.临床上有30%-50%的抑郁证患者使用抗抑郁药物治疗没有疗效或疗效不完全,成为难治性抑郁证(TRD).TRD属于中医学"郁证"范畴,目前中医对于抑郁证的论述较多,但对于难治性抑郁证的探讨尚少.叶天士在中分析郁证多由七情不遂发病,初期多为肝郁气滞,日久气郁化火致热盛津伤,提出以"清热解郁法"治疗"郁证".其对病因病机的阐述及治法对我们现代中医治疗难治性抑郁证具有重要的启示.

  2. 5 YILDIZLI OTEL İŞLETMELERİNDE LİDER-ÜYE ETKİLEŞİMİ VE İŞE YABANCILAŞMA İLİŞKİSİ: MARMARİS VE İSTANBUL DESTİNASYONLARINDA BİR ARAŞTIRMA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haluk TANRIVERDİ

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ Bu araştırmanın amacı; 5 yıldızlı otel işletmelerinde çalışan işgörenlerin lider-üye etkileşimi ve işe yabancılaşması ilişkisini inceleyerek otel işletmelerinde çalışan işgörenlerin verimliliğinin artmasına katkıda bulunmaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda hazırlanan anket formu, Marmaris ve İstanbul’daki 5 yıldızlı otel işletmelerinde bulunan 289 işgören üzerinde uygulanmıştır. Verilerin elde edilmesinde kolayda örneklem metoduna başvurulmuştur. Araştırma sonucunda lider-üye etkileşimi ve işe yabancılaşmanın bazı demografik değişkenlere göre farklılık gösterdiği ve işe yabancılaşma ile genel lider-üye etkileşimi ve etki, katkı ve profesyonel saygı alt boyutları arasında negatif yönlü zayıf ilişkiler olduğu görülmektedir. Bu sonuca göre genel lider-üye etkileşimi, etki, katkı ve profesyonel saygı düzeyi arttıkça işe yabancılaşma düzeyi düşmektedir. ABSTRACT The purpose of this research is to determine the relationship between leader-member exchange and work alienation for to contribute productivity for hotel employees. For this purpose, a self-administered questionnaire was developed and applied on 289 five star hotel employees in Marmaris and İstanbul. Convenience sampling method was used for to get data. According to the results of this study, Leader-member exchange and work alienation was differed according to demographic variables. A negative and weak correlation was found between leader-member exchange, affect, contribution, professional respect and work alienation. The findings suggested that when leader-member exchange, affect, contribution, professional respect increase work alienation decreases.

  3. The "Poison" and "Antidote" of Historical Heritage be-hind the Reality:Comment on "Statement of Confession"by Qiao Ye%现实背后历史传承的“毒”与“解”--评乔叶的《认罪书》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高雅

    2015-01-01

    《认罪书》无论从故事背景还是“因果报应”的逻辑而言,都是一个典型的中国传统故事,但乔叶思想的核心却围绕着“原罪”和“忏悔”“赎罪”这几个来自基督文化的词汇。“原罪”是毒,“忏悔”和“赎罪”是解,这不仅是乔叶对主人公金金及梁家人经历的提炼,也是她对于“文革”的历史和病相丛生的当下所作的见解。乔叶的观点中“忏悔”需要“认知、认证、认定、认领、认罚这些罪”,较之当代女性作家的同类主题作品,乔叶对“忏悔”和“赎罪”有更为深刻广阔的认识,但也存在着“忏悔”意识能否本土化的问题。%Viewing from not only the background of its story, but also the logic of"punitive justice","Statement of Confession"is a typical traditional Chinese story, but the core of Qiao Ye's thought revolves around such Christian words as "original sin", "repen-tance" and "atonement". "Original sin" is a poison, while "re-pentance" and "atonement" are the antidote, which is not only Qiao Ye's abstraction of the experiences of the hero Jin Jin and the Liang family, but also her view on"The Cultural Revolution"and the pathological situation at that time. In Qiao Ye's opinion,"repentance"needs"knowing, attesting, affirming, claiming these sins and taking punishment". Compared with contemporary fe-male writers' works of the same topic, Qiao Ye has a more pro-found recognition of"repentance"and"atonement", but whether the consciousness of"repentance"can be localized is a problem.

  4. Identification and molecular characterization of YsaL (Ye3555): a novel negative regulator of YsaN ATPase in type three secretion system of enteropathogenic bacteria Yersinia enterocolitica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chatterjee, Rakesh; Halder, Pranab Kumar; Datta, Saumen

    2013-01-01

    Type Three Secretion (T3S) ATPases are involved in delivery of virulent factors from bacteria to their hosts (through injectisome) in an energy (ATP) dependent manner during pathogenesis. The activities of these ATPases are tightly controlled by their specific regulators. In Yersinia enterocolitica, YsaN was predicted as a putative ATPase of the Ysa-Ysp Type Three Secretion System (T3SS) based on sequence similarity with other T3S ATPases. However detailed study and characterization of YsaN and its regulation remains largely obscure. Here, in this study, we have successfully cloned, over-expressed, purified and characterized the molecular properties of YsaN from Yersinia enterocolitica. YsaN acts as a Mg(2+) dependent ATPase and exists in solution as higher order oligomer (dodecamer). The ATPase activity of oligomeric YsaN is several fold higher than the monomeric form. Furthermore, by employing in silico studies we have identified the existence of a negative regulator of YsaN--a hypothetical protein YE3555 (termed 'YsaL'). To verify the functionality of YsaL, we have evaluated the biochemical and biophysical properties of YsaL. Purified YsaL is dimeric in solution and strongly associates with YsaN to form a stable heterotrimeric YsaL-YsaN complex (stoichiometry--2∶1). The N terminal 6-20 residues of YsaN are invariably required for stable YsaL-YsaN complex formation. YsaL inhibited the ATPase activity of YsaN with a maximum inhibition at the molar ratio 2∶1 (YsaL: YsaN). In short, our studies provide an insight into the presence of YsaN ATPase in Yersinia enterocolitica and its regulator YsaL. Our studies also correlate the functionality of one of the existing protein interaction networks that possibly is indispensable for the energy dependent process of Ysa-Ysp T3SS in pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica.

  5. Analysis on Mr.Ye Jiaying's Research Methods From JiaLing Criticism on Poety%从《迦陵论词丛稿》看叶嘉莹先生的研究方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    贾先奎

    2014-01-01

    In terms of the research methods of Jia Ling Criticism on Poety by Ye Jiaying,it can be summarized as two:First,elaborate on Ci criticism and appreciation.Second,apply the modern western literary theory to take care of the classical Chinese poetry and cultural theory.By the first way,they can grasp the depth of meaning and value of works,analyzing all kinds of misunderstanding and wrong comment on the poetry;elucidate the poetry function of “Xing Fa Gan Dong”.By the adoption of the second method,not only removing the weak point of the ancient cultural theory,but also re-examine the value of ancient poetry and lit-erature of Western common sense from the Western point of comparison.These two aspects of each other integrated and added to the study of classical poetry new areas and new ways.%叶嘉莹的《迦陵论词丛稿》就研究方法而论,可概括为二:一是评赏式的论词,二是以西方现代文艺理论来观照中国古典诗词和文论。通过前一方法,以深入把握作品的内涵和价值,辨别历代评论者对诗歌的种种误解与错论,阐发诗歌的兴发感动之作用;通过后一方法,既克服了古代文论模糊含混、缺乏完整体系的缺点,又从中西比较之角度,重新审视和衡定古代诗词应有之价值及中西共通之文学观念。此两方面互相结合与补充,开拓了古典诗词研究的新领域和新途径。

  6. Jang-nāme-ye Kešm az sarāyande-ī nāšenās, va Jarūn-nāme sorūde-ye Qadrī zende tā 1043h.q. Éd. Moḥammad Bāqer Voṯūqī et ‘Abd al-Rasūl Ḫeyrandīš, Tehrān, Mīrāṯ-e Maktūb, 1384/2005, 264 p.

    OpenAIRE

    2007-01-01

    Double édition de deux maṯnavīs historiques consacrés aux conflits entre les Safavides et les Portugais pour le contrôle de l’île de Qešm (Kešm), de Hormuz et des côtes du Golfe persique. Composés entre 1032hq et 1042hq (1622-1632), ces deux ouvrages furent attribués à Taqī al-dīn Qadrī de Šīrāz par Luigi Bonelli dans son étude pionnière de 1890, suite à la découverte d’un exemplaire du Jang-nāme-ye Kešm à la Bibliothèque Vaticane. Les éditeurs de cette nouvelle édition attribuent le Jarūn-nā...

  7. The Research on the Relations between Shi Xiao-ying’LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN and Their Historical Value%论释晓莹《罗湖野录》与《云卧纪谈》的关系及史料价值

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金建锋

    2015-01-01

    Shi Xiao-ying was a big important historian in the Chinese Buddhism history,who had two important Bud-dhism works———LUO HU YE LU and YUN WO JI TAN. The two works had some relations,in which YUN WO JI TA was based on LUO HU YE LU. The two works had some historical values in the Buddhism history,literature history and histori-cal history.%释晓莹是我国佛教史上具有一定影响的佛教史家,现存有两部重要的佛教著作———《罗湖野录》和《云卧纪谈》。两书的关系为:《云卧纪谈》应是《罗湖野录》的续作。两书对佛教史、文学史、史学史研究等具有一定的史料价值。

  8. 2790-IJBCS-Article-Lambienou YE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    carbon, total nitrogen, available phosphorus, C/N, microbial biomass, acid phosphatase of soil are higher under ...... and belowground communities. Ecology,. 84: 2258-2268. Speacial Feature, ... denitrification by grazing in grasslands:.

  9. A Generalization of Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev

    CERN Document Server

    Gross, David J

    2016-01-01

    The SYK model: fermions with a $q$-body, Gaussian-random, all-to-all interaction, is the first of a fascinating new class of solvable large $N$ models. We generalize SYK to include $f$ flavors of fermions, each occupying $N_a$ sites and appearing with a $q_a$ order in the interaction. Like SYK, this entire class of models generically has an infrared fixed point. We compute the infrared dimensions of the fermions, and the spectrum of singlet bilinear operators. We show that there is always a dimension-two operator in the spectrum, which implies that, like in SYK, there is breaking of conformal invariance and maximal chaos in the infrared four-point function of the generalized model. After a disorder average, the generalized model has a global $O(N_1) \\times O(N_2) \\times \\ldots\\times O(N_f)$ symmetry: a subgroup of the $O(N)$ symmetry of SYK; thereby giving a richer spectrum. We also elucidate aspects of the large $q$ limit and the OPE, and solve $q=2$ SYK at finite $N$.

  10. Genetic dissimilarity for resistance to Mononychellus tanajoa (bondar (Acari, Tetranychidae among domesticated and wild Manihot species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Verônica de Jesus Boaventura

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to evaluate the genetic dissimilarity among wild and domesticated species of Manihot for resistance to cassava green mite during the insect life cycle. Nine accessions of wild Manihot species, M. esculenta ssp. flabellifolia, M. esculenta ssp. peruviana, and M. carthaginensis ssp. glaziovii, and two clones of M. esculenta (Cigana Preta and Sacaí were evaluated under laboratory conditions at 25 ± 1°C, 70 ± 10% RH, and a 12-h photophase. Daily observations during the mite life cycle stages (larva-adult were recorded. The data were subjected to an analysis of variance, a Scott-Knott test (5%, and Singh criterion, cluster, and principal component analyses. The larval-adult period ranged from 5.53 to 7.01 days: the longest period was observed on an M. glaziovii accession (GLA-19-DF and the shortest on an M. flabellifolia accession (FLA-025V. The UPGMA method allowed the division of the genotypes into six groups, with the greatest distance between the FLA-025V and GLA-19-DF accessions. The first two main components explained 77.50% of the total accumulated variation. The association of the longest cycle duration of M. tanajoa with the lowest larval-adult viability suggests that GLA-19-DF is less favorable to mite development compared to the other accessions. Significant variability among the genotypes was observed.

  11. TÜRKİYE HAVAYOLU YOLCU TAŞIMACILIĞI SEKTÖRÜNDE HİZMET KALİTESİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÖLÇÜMLENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oğuz YILDIZ

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available TÜRKİYE HAVAYOLU YOLCU TAŞIMACILIĞI SEKTÖRÜNDE HİZMET KALİTESİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÖLÇÜMLENMESİYeni müşteriler kazanmak ve mevcut müşterileri elde tutmak bir süredir hizmet işletmeleri için iki önemli konu olmuştur. Hizmetin her aşamasında fark yaratmak bu iki amacın başarılmasında anahtar bir etkendir. Hizmet sunumunun farklılaştırılması açısından hizmet kalitesi göz önüne alındığında, müşterilere sağlanan hizmetin kalitesini ölçmenin önemi ortaya çıkmaktadır. Hizmet işletmeleri için hizmet kalitesini ölçmek zor bir konudur çünkü hizmet soyuttur, değişkendir, dayanıksızdır ve son olarak hizmetin üretimi ve tüketimi aynı anda gerçekleşmektedir. Hizmet kalitesinin ölçümü işletmelere pazarlama faaliyetlerini nasıl yönetecekleri bilgisini sağlar. Bu nedenle bu ölçme işlemi doğru ölçeklerle yapılmalıdır. Bu çalışmada ilk olarak hizmet kalitesi yazınsalı incelenmiş daha sonra yüz yüze anket yöntemiyle araştırmaya temel teşkil edecek veriler toplanmıştır. Araştırmada son olarak, keşifsel faktör analizi yapılmış ve hizmet kalitesini ölçen iki model karşılaştırılmıştır. Araştırmadaki bulgular, ağırlıklı SERVPERF ölçeğinin algılanan hizmet kalitesini ağırlıklı SERVQUAL ölçeğinden daha fazla açıkladığını ortaya koymuştur.COMPARATIVE MEASURING OF SERVICE QUALITY IN THE PASSENGER CARRIAGE OF TURKISH AIRLINES INDUSTRYAcquiring new customers and retaining existing customers have been two important subjects for service organizations. Creating difference in every section of the service is a key factor to success on realization of these purposes. When service quality is thought as an important factor for creating difference in service industry, the importance of measuring service quality provided to the customers comes out. Measuring service quality is a hard issue for service firms because services are intangible

  12. PRINCESS KADRIA HUSSEIN, PAINTER VITTORIO PISANI AND TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDENCE PRENSES KADRİYE HÜSEYİN, RESSAM VİTTORİA PİSANİ VE TÜRK MİLLİ MÜCADELESİ

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    Nesrin TAĞIZADE-KARACA

    2012-01-01

    eklinde düzenleyerek Fransızca olarak yayınlamıştır (1921. Bu kitap, Atatürk’ün isteğiyle 1922 yılında Cemile Necmeddin Sahir Sılan tarafından Türkçe’ye çevrilmiştir.Kadriye Hüseyin’in biyografisi, edebi kişiliği ve eserleri üzerinde durulduktan sonra onun Milli Mücadele’nin erken dönemini ve Cumhuriyet öncesi Ankara’sını işlediği İzmirli İtalyan ressam Vittorio Pisani’nin (1899-1974 tablolarıyla eşlik etmiş olduğu anı-mektup türü eseri, Mukaddes Ankara’dan Mektuplar çalışmanın konusunu oluşturacaktır.

  13. THE MIDDLE EAST AND SYRIA POLICY OF TURKEY FROM PAST TO PRESENT DÜNDEN BUGÜNE TÜRKİYE’NİN SURİYE VE ORTADOĞU POLİTİKASI

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    Şerif DEMİR

    2011-09-01

    between the two countries. In 1980s, the terrorist and water problem appeared between Turkey and Syria. The feud continued until 1998. A new page in the relations between the two countries opened as a result of fact that Syria gave up supporting terrorism and Bashar al-Assad supplanted the Syrian President Hafez Assad. Today, Turkey and Syria brought their friendship relations to an unprecedented level in history by the mutual gestures. Osmanlı Devleti‟nin yıkılmasıyla birlikte yerine pek çok devlet kuruldu. Osmanlı‟nın devamı olan Türkiye ile Osmanlı‟nın mirasçılarından Suriye aynı coğrafyada uzun süreden beri komşuluk yapıyorlardı. Fakat Türkiye ile Suriye ilişkileri hiçbir zaman sağlıklı bir temel üzerine inşa edilmemiş, uzun süreli bir dostluk düzeyine ulaşmamıştı. Söz konusu ilişkilerde sürekli gerginlik, çatışma ve karşılıklı güvensizlik hâkim oldu. Türkiye I. Dünya Savaşı sonrası, verdiği ulusal mücadele ile bağımsızlığını kazanırken Suriye uzun bir süre Fransız Mandası altında kaldı. Suriyeliler bir yandan bağımsızlıkları için çaba gösterirken diğer taraftan toprak bütünlüğü için büyük bir gayret içine girdiler. I. Dünya Savaşı‟nda Arapların İngilizlerle işbirliği yapmasını Türkiye, 1939‟da Hatay‟ın Türkiye‟ye katılmasını ise Suriye kabullenemedi. Bu olaylar Türkiye ile Suriye ilişkilerinde ki güvensizlik ortamının zeminini oluşturdu. II. Dünya Savaşı sonrası uluslararası gelişmeler, Türkiye ile Suriye‟yi tekrar karşı karşıya getirdi. Türkiye ABD‟nin öncülüğünü yaptığı Batı dünyasıyla ilişkiler kurarak bunları geliştirirken, Suriye Sovyetler Birliği‟ne yakın politikalar izledi. Türkiye Bağdat Paktı‟na öncülük ederek Ortadoğu‟da bir ittifak kurmaya çalışırken, Suriye Mısır‟ın öncülüğünde alternatif bir ittifak oluşturma gayretine girdi. Türkiye ve Suriye ilişkileri o kadar bozuldu ki

  14. The Bone Hole Bloodletting Fit β-Seven YeZao Sodium and Mecobalamin Glycosides Treatment of Acute Facial Paralysis%完骨穴放血配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺治疗急性面神经炎临床研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李富昌

    2012-01-01

    目的:探讨完骨穴放血疗法配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺注射液治疗急性面神经炎的疗效.方法:将165例急性面神经炎的患者随机分为对照组80例和治疗组85例.对照组给予β-七叶皂苷钠20 mg+生理盐水250 mL,静脉滴注,同时给予甲钴胺0.5 mg肌肉注射,1次·d-1,共14 d;治疗组在对照组的基础上加完骨穴放血疗法.结果:治疗组有效率为94.1%,对照组有效率为85.0%,两组有效率比较,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).结论:完骨穴放血配合β-七叶皂苷钠及甲钴胺治疗急性面神经炎疗效显著.%Objective: To study the bone hole bloodletting therapy with beta seven YeZao sodium glycosides and mecobalamin injection in the treatment of acute the curative effect of facial paralysis. Methods: 165 cases of acute facial paralysis were randomly divided into control group of 80 cases and the treatment group 85 examples. Control group give beta seven YeZao sodium glycosides 20 mg + nacl 250 mL in static drop,once the one day,a total of 14 d;The treatment group in the control group after adding bone hole bloodletting therapy. Results;The effective rate was 94. 1% in treatment group and control group in effective rate was 5. 0% ,two groups of efficient comparison, the difference was statistically significant ( P < 0. 05 ). Conclusion: The bone hole bloodletting fit beta seven YeZao sodium and mecobalamin glycosides treatment of acute facial nerve inflammation clinical effect is remarkable.

  15. Analysis of curative effect of edaravone combined with seven Ye Zao glycosides sodium on treating patients with cerebral hemorrhage%依达拉奉联合七叶皂苷钠治疗脑出血的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩桐师; 王丹辉; 孙岩; 谢满红; 周平

    2014-01-01

    Objective To investigate the clinical curative effect of edaravone combined with seven Ye Zao glycosides sodi-um on treating patients with cerebral hemorrhage. Methods 60 patients with cerebral hemorrhage from February 2012 to De-cember 2012 in our hospital were randomly divided into the observation group (n=30 ,treated with the conventional treatment ) and the control group (n=30 ,treated with the edaravone combined with seven Ye Zao glycosides sodium ). The curative effect of two groups were compared. Results The total effective rate was 93.3% (in the observation group) and 76.7% (in the con-trol group);The NIHSS score ,edema area and hematoma volume of observation group were lower than these of control group , which had a significantly statistical difference (P<0.05). Conclusion The edaravone combined with seven Ye Zao glycosides sodium has a better curative effect on treating patients with cerebral hemorrhage ,which is worthy of clinical application.%目的:探讨依达拉奉联合七叶皂苷钠治疗脑出血的临床疗效。方法60例脑出血患者采用随机对照方法分为观察组和对照组各30例。对照组给予常规对症支持治疗,观察组在此基础上应用依达拉奉联合七叶皂苷钠治疗,比较2组临床疗效。结果观察组总有效率93.3%,对照组76.7%,观察组显著高于对照组,差异有统计学意义( P<0.05);观察组NIHSS评分、水肿面积及血肿体积均显著少于对照组,差异有统计学意义(P<0.05)。结论依达拉奉联合七叶皂苷钠治疗脑出血疗效显著,可有效改善患者临床症状,促进神经功能恢复,值得临床应用和推广。

  16. YÖNETİCİNİN ALGILANAN LİDERLİK TARZI İLE YÖNETİCİYE DUYULAN GÜVEN ARASINDAKİ İLİŞKİDE LİDER ÜYE ETKİLEŞİMİNİN ROLÜ - THE ROLE OF THE LEADER– MEMBER INTERACTION IN THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN THE PERCEIVED LEADERSHIP STYLE AND THE TRUST IN MANAGER

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    Sema YOLAÇ

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Çalışanlar, algıladıkları liderlik tarzına göreyöneticilerine güven duymaktadır. Güven kavramı da hemizleyicilerin, hem de örgütün verimliliğini etkilemektedir.Liderler her bir çalışanıyla aynı düzeyde ilişki geliştirmezler.Lider ve izleyicileri arasındaki farklı ilişki düzeyi, lider-üyeetkileşim teorisiyle açıklanmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, lider-üyeetkileşim ilişkisi içinde, liderlik tarzı ve yöneticiye duyulangüven arasındaki ilişki ele alınmaktadır. Bu amaçla anketçalışması yapılmıştır. Anket, aynı örgütte bulunan çalışanlarauygulanmıştır. Çalışmada dönüşümcü liderlik tarzınınyöneticiye duyulan güveni açıklamada önemli etkisinin olduğubulunmuştur. Şartlı değişken olarak modelde yer alan liderüyeetkileşimi analize dahil edildiğinde, lider-üye etkileşimiortalamanın üzerinde olan grup için dönüşümcü liderliğinyöneticiye güven üzerinde daha yüksek katkısı olduğusonucuna ulaşılmıştır.Abstract:Employees trust in managers in respect of theleading style they perceive. The concept of trust affects bothfollowers and organization’s effectiveness. Leaders can not beexpected to form the same level of relationship with everyother employee working at organization. In this study, withincontext of leader–member interaction, the relationshipbetween leadership style and trust in manager is discussed.The surveys were applied to employees working at sameorganization. The results of study reveal that, transformationalleadership style has an important effect on trust in manager.The results of the statistical analysis in which the leadermemberinteraction is added in the model as the conditionalvariable show that for that group whose leader-memberinteraction is above mean value, transformational leadershiphas a greater effect on trust in manager.

  17. Inspiration of Literary Creative Thinking of Ye Sheng-tao to Construction of Contemporary Style of Writing and Study%叶圣陶的文艺创作思想对当下文风学风建设的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    屈海香

    2015-01-01

    The thought of literary creation of Ye Sheng-tao is insightful.He noted that literary creation has three characteristicscontent with the insights,appropriate words to express accessibility,social influence with positive effect.The problems of style of writing and study in the academic study get much social criticism,such as too much low and repetitive research,which is contrary to the innovative essence of academic research;wishy-washy language expression and serious�new stereotyped�phenomenon;the deterioration of the general social conduct.Ye Sheng-tao�s artistic creation ideas indicate the direction and path of improving the current style of writing and study and reconstructing positive academic environment.%叶圣陶的文艺创作思想富有见地,他指出文艺创作具备三大特征:内容具有真知灼见、文字表达顺适畅达、社会影响要具有向上向善的作用。当前我国学术研究中存在的文风与学风问题备受社会批评指责:内容上低水平重复性研究较多,违背了学术研究的创新的本质要求;语言文字表达空洞无物,“新八股”现象严重;社会影响上非但不具有向上向善的作用,反而恶化社会风气。叶圣陶的文艺创作思想对改进当下文风学风、重建风清气正的学术环境指明了方向与路径。

  18. Ergenlik Dönemi Okuma Tutumu Ölçeği’nin Türkçe’ye Uyarlanması The Adaptasyon Of Survey Of Adolescent Reading Attitudes (Sara Into Turkish

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    Muhammet BAŞTUĞ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt the Survey of Adolescent Reading Attitudes SARA to Turkish, which was developed by McKenna, Conradi, Lawrance, Jang, and Meyer (2012, and to test it for validity and reliability. The rationale is that the scale involves one’s attitude towards digital reading. The sample was comprised of 702 sixth,seventh and eighth grade students in Konya- 343 of them being femaleand the remaining 359 being male. The original scale had 18 items infour sub-dimensions, namely academic reading in digital settings (AD,recreational reading in digital settings (RD, academic reading in printsettings (AP and recreational reading in print settings (RP. Theexploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis revealedthat the four original sub-dimensions were retained when two itemswere omitted. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.691, 0.802, 0.690,0.660 and 0.623 for the overall scale, RD, RP, AP and AD respectively.The results suggest that the adapted scale is reliable and valid. The 15-item finalized version is appropriate for the Turkish language and use inTurkey. In the development of reading environments and materials,identification of students’ attitudes toward reading in a multidimensionalway is expected to make great contributions to morequalified learning environments. Bu araştırmanın amacı, McKenna, Conradi, Lawrence, Jang ve Meyer (2012 tarafından geliştirilen Ergenlik Dönemi Okuma Tutumu Ölçeği’nin geçerlik ve güvenirliğinin yapılarak Türkçe’ye uyarlanmasıdır. Ölçeğin dijital okumaya karşı tutumu da kapsaması sebebiyle uyarlama çalışmasının uygun olacağı düşünülmüştür. Çalışma grubunu Konya ilinde yer alan ve 6,7 ve 8. Sınıflara devam eden 343’ü kız, 359’u erkek toplam 702 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Ölçeğin orjinali 18 maddeden ve “Akademik Dijital, Serbest Dijital, Akademik Kağıt ve Serbest Kağıt” olmak üzere 4 alt boyuttan olu

  19. AHMEDİYE FLOATING ISLAND AHMEDİYE YÜZENADASI

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    Pınar TAŞKIRAN (M.A.H.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Floating islands arouse the attention of the scientists with their various featuers. Primarily, they can be distinguished from their environment with their rich flora and fauna. Since they generally emerge in the lakes as wetlands they always keep the eyes of the people on themselwes. These wetlands are also the most suitable places to observe the corruptions in the ecosystem both by natural and homone factors. Not only the optimum mixture of inorganic and organic minerals under the favorable climatic circumstances are taking places in these marshes, but also dense and rich wetland plants grow in these places due to phosphate that takes place in inorganic minerals and nitrate taken from the atmosphere. In our country, the number of the cities having floating islands is 8. but in various districts of our country there are anumber of marshes and wetlands in various sizes. So, since the researches expand, the number of floating islands wiil grow. An example to the recently discovered floating islands is Ahmediye Floating Island. Having been in the territory of Erzincan City. Ahmediye Floating Island have many different features. At the some time, it is biggest floating island known not only in our country but also in the world. Another interesting point related to this island is; although it is very close to the city centre of Erzincan, it has not been realized or discovered by the people. Even the the residents of the Ahmetli (Ahmediye village in which this floating island exists do not have any information about it. This acpects did not escape notice dwing our researches in the region. On the other hand, the villagers interfere the ecosystem of the lake in which the floating island takes place; by opening a canal on the South side of the lake in order to prevent the expansion of the lake when the water level rises. Oluşumları ve gelişimleri bakımından oldukça ilginç özelliklere sahip olan yüzenadalar, son yıllarda çeşitli bilim dallarının inceleme konusu olmuştur. Söz konusu oluşum, başta coğrafya olmak üzere biyoloji, jeoloji ve çevre bilimlerinin de inceleme alanına girmektedir. Ancak yüzenada terimi Coğrafya ilmi sayesinde literatüre girmişve adaların oluşumu, tanımı ve tanıtımı üzerine ilk çalışmalar yine coğrafyacılar tarafından yapılmıştır. Bu konuda Prof. Dr. İhsan BULUT’ un önemli çalışmalarıbulunmaktadır. Yüzenadalar çok çeşitli özellikleri ile bilim dünyasının dikkatini çekmektedir. Başta zengin flora ve faunasıyla içerisinde bulunduğu ortamdan belirgin bir şekilde ayrılmaktadır. Bu adalar, göl alanı içerisinde gelişmeleri dolayısıyla,insanların hep dikkatini çeken sulak alanlar durumundadır. Doğal ve beşerî faktörlerle ekosistemde meydana gelen bozulmaların en bariz olarak gözlenebildiği kesimler yine bu sulak alanlardır. İnorganik ve organik minerallerin uygun iklim koşulları altında optimum karışımı yine sulak alanlarda gerçekleşirken, inorganik minerallerde bulunan fosfat ve serbest atmosferden sağlanan nitratla gür ve türce zengin sulak alan bitkileri yetişmektedir. Yüzenadalar hemen her iklim kuşağında görülmesine rağmen yine de dünyamızın bu oluşumlar bakımından fakir olduğu söylenebilir. Ancak bu durum, şüphesiz bu alandaki çalışmaların yetersiz olmasının bir sonucudur. Kendine özgü doğal ortamıyla çevresinden ayrılan ve göl alanında yüzer halde her yöne kolayca hareket edebilen yüzenadalar, çevrelerinin adeta bir sembolü rolünü üstlenirken, bölge insanını kendisine çeken görsel doğal bir turistik cazibe merkezi olma özelliğini de taşırlar. Ülkemizde kayıtlara geçen yüzenada bulunan il sayısı 8’dir. Ancak ülkemizin farklı kesimlerinde büyüklü küçüklü çok sayıda sulak alan bulunmaktadır. Dolayısıyla da araştırmalar arttıkça farklı kesimlerde yüzenadalarla karşılaşılacaktır. İşte bilinenlere ilave edebileceğimiz bir örnek de Ahmediye Yüzenadası’dır. Erzincan ili sınırları içerisinde bulunan Ahmediye Yüzenadası çok farklı özelliklere sahiptir. Aynı zamanda ülkemizde ve dünyanın çeşitli kesimlerinde şimdiye kadar bilinen yüzenadalar içerisinde en büyük yüzenada olma özelliğini taşımaktadır. Bir başka dikkat çekici özelliği de Erzincan şehir merkezine çok yakın olmasına rağmen yöre halkı tarafından fark edilememiş oluşudur. Hatta sınırları içerisinde bulunduğu Ahmetli (Ahmediye köyü sakinlerinin dahi göldeki yüzenadadan haberdar olmayışıilgi çekici bir durumdur. Bu husus, yörede yaptığımız arazi çalışmaları esnasında dikkatlerden kaçmamıştır. Ancak köy halkı, göldeki su seviyesinin yüksek olduğu dönemlerde gölün alanının genişlemesini engellemek amacıyla, gölün güney kesimine bir ark açmak suretiyle suni bir gidegenle göl ekosistemine müdahale etmişlerdir. Bu çalışmamızla Ahmediye Yüzenadası çeşitli yönleriyle incelenmiş, adanın Erzincan ilinin tanıtımında yerini alması ve korunması gereken sulak alanlar içerisinde değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

  20. “也”、“亦”在唐代文献中的分布研究——以《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料为例%On the Distribution of YE and YI in the Literature of the Tang Dynasty Exemplified by the data in A Collection of Modern Chinese for Grammatical Studies ( Volume of Tang and the Five Dynasties)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张立昌

    2011-01-01

    “也”和“亦”在唐五代都是比较常用的表达方式。对《近代汉语语法资料汇编》(唐五代卷)中的语料分析表明,“也”和“亦”在唐五代时期有相同的基本用法,使用基本相同的句法结构和较为相近的语体分布,但二者又表现出不同的特征和功能分布,两种用法互为补充,共同构成当时“也”、“亦”使用的整体轮廓。分析认为“也”与“亦”分布状况与的它们形成发展的历史有关,二者的分布特征预示了“也”、“亦”替换的基本路径。%The use of YE and YI for "too" or "also" in Tang and the Five Dynasties was very common. A study of the use of the two words in some of the legends and stories of the renowned monks of this time showed that they were of similar usages: they were used in similar sentence structures and distributed almost equally in both the narrative and dialogue sections. However, it was also found that the use of the two words showed different syntactical and functional tendencies, with YE being more informal and colloquial and YI more formal and syntactically complex. I argue that the dislribution of YE and Y/in literature of Tang and the Five Dynasties, the consequence of the chronicle change of each, predicts the " route" of replacement of YI by YE in the generations to come.

  1. OKUL ÖNCESİ DÖNEMDEKİ ÇOCUKLAR İÇİN HAZIRLANAN HİKÂYE KİTAPLARINDAKİ KORKU VE ŞİDDET ÖĞELERİNİN İNCELENMESİ / EXAMINATION OF PICTURED STORY BOOKS PREPARED FOR PRESCHOL CHILDREN REGARDING ELEMENTS OF FEAR AND VIOLENCE

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    Muhammed ÖZTÜRK

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Okul öncesi dönemden itibaren, çocukların kitap sevgisini ve okuma alışkanlığını edinmelerinde karşılaştıkları kitapların niteliği oldukça etkilidir. Bu anlamda, küçük çocuklar için kitap seçiminde yetişkinlerin tutumu ve bilgisi önemli rol oynamaktadır. Araştırmada, Aksaray’da yaşayan ailelerin ve öğretmenlerin okul öncesi dönemdeki çocuklar için seçebilecekleri hikâye kitaplarında şiddet ve korku öğelerinin kullanım sıklığı ve varlığının belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. Araştırma var olan durumu olduğu gibi aktarmayı amaçladığı için survey (tarama-betimleme yöntemi kullanılarak gerçekleştirilmiştir. Aksaray İl Halk Kütüphanesi ve kitabevlerinde yer alan, okul öncesi dönemdeki çocuklar için hazırlanarak 2009-2015 yılları arasında yayınlanmış 54 hikâye kitabı, Dağlıoğlu ve Çakmak (2009 tarafından geliştirilen değerlendirme formu ile incelenmiştir. Verilerin analizi sonucunda, korku ve şiddet, resim ve metin olmak üzere kategoriler oluşmuştur. Korku ve şiddet öğelerinin varlığı ile kitaplardaki kullanım sıklığı yüzde ve frekans değerleri verilerek açıklanmıştır. Araştırma sonucuna göre; incelenen hikâye kitaplarında metin ve resim kısımlarında az da olsa şiddet ve korku öğelerinin yer aldığı belirlenmiştir. / From the preschool period, the quality of book is important for children to acquire reading habits and love of book. In this sense, attitude and knowledge of adults in book selection for children, play an important role. In the research, it is intended to determine frequency of occurrence and existence of fear and violence in story books that families and teachers could select for children who in preschool period in Aksaray. As the research aims defining of a given situation as it is, descriptive survey model is adopted for this study. Randomly selected 54 story books that published between 2009-2015 which prepared

  2. 概念整合理论框架下的《静夜思》意义建构--基于ICTCLAS的分析方法%The Meaning Construction of Jing Ye Si under the Framework of Conceptual Integration:An Analysis Based on ICTCLAS

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晴; 李玉影

    2015-01-01

    运用 Fauconnier 和 Turner 等人提出的概念整合理论,借助 ICTCLAS2013(汉语词法分析系统)对《静夜思》意义建构进行分析。在整合过程中,心理空间、映射、接近原则和关键关系的压缩在整合网络中的四心理空间共同发生作用,具有强大的认知解释力,从而在认知层面上能够更系统地阐述诗歌意义。%Fauconnier and Turner’s Conceptual Integration Theory is employed to analyze the meaning construction of Jing Ye Si by using ICTCLAS2013. In the process of analysis on integration, mental space, mapping, access principles and compression of vital relationship function in the integration network within the four mental spaces, the powerful cognitive accountability can interpret the meaning of poetry systematically from the prospective of the cognitive approach.

  3. 拉康的凝视理论与个体的主体性建构——以娄烨电影《推拿》为例%Lacan's Gaze Theory and the Construction of Individual Subjectivity——Taking Lou Ye's Blind Messageas an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘明明

    2015-01-01

    In the seminar of his later years, Lacan proposed the real and gaze theory which was interpreted by Zizek who considered that the theory shew Lacan's gaze in returning to the real but didn't give sufficient argument to the individual subjectivity in it. Taking Lou Ye's Blind Messageas an example, and in analyzing the narrative analysisof its virtual lenses, it reconstructs the individual subjectivity which merely exists in the real.%拉康提出了关于实在界和凝视的理论,齐泽克对此进行了读解,认为拉康重返实在界的凝视,并未充分论及实在界中个体的主体性.以娄烨电影《推拿》中的虚焦镜头的叙事分析为例,来重新建构出只能存在于实在界中的个体主体性.

  4. The perspective of history pre-service teachers’ towards the use of digital storytelling in educational environmentsTarih öğretmeni adaylarının öğretim ortamlarında dijital hikâye anlatımı etkinliğinin kullanımına yönelik görüşleri

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serçin Karataş

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Digital storytelling, telling a story with words, images and sounds to create a digital project, is a popular method among educators and researchers. Use of digital storytelling method in classrooms provides many advantages such as supporting 21st century skills for teachers. The purpose of this study is to investigate the history pre-service teachers’ perspective about using of digital storytelling in educational environments. The study was designed qualitative method. Data are collected with semi-structured interview form. The eight pre-service teachers participated in the study that enrolled in History Education at Gazi University.  Two coders construct two schemas from data, and then schemas were revised and determined three themes. These themes are (1 the definition of digital storytelling, (2 the benefits of digital storytelling, and (3 the difficulties in the process of creating digital stories. In conclusion, the participants state that digital storytelling has positive effects/contributions on enhancing students’ motivation and creative thinking skills. In addition, all of the participants state that they will use digital storytelling activities in educational environments when they are in-service.   Özet Teknolojinin ucuzlaması ve yaygınlaşmasıyla, dijital hikâye anlatımı her bireyin fırsat bulabileceği kolay bir etkinlik olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu durum, dijital hikâye anlatımı etkinliğinin eğitimciler ve araştırmacılar arasında popüler hale gelmesine olanak sağlamaktadır. Bu araştırmanın amacı, tarih öğretmeni adaylarının öğretim ortamlarında dijital hikâye anlatımı etkinliğinin kullanılmasına yönelik görüşlerinin araştırılmasıdır. Araştırmaya, Gazi Eğitim Fakültesi Tarih Eğitimi Anabilim Dalı2.sınıfta okuyan 8 öğretmen adayı katılmıştır. Verilerin toplanmasında yarı yapılandırılmış görüşme formu kullanılmıştır. Verilerin analizi a

  5. Multiple Images of Venus in Chinese Literature and Art .Also On Ye Shuxian's Goddess of Gaotang and Venus%维纳斯在中国文艺中的多重映像——兼议叶舒宪先生的《高唐神女与维纳斯》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴昊

    2012-01-01

    关乎中西文化中的爱与美主题,我们就不能不提到叶舒宪先生的著作《高唐神女与维纳斯》。书中认为,中国文化中一直存在着被主流儒家遮蔽了的“维纳斯”,她就是宋玉《高唐赋》中的高唐神女及其衍生出的女性文学形象。尽管如此,本论仍对高唐神女的“爱神”“美神”特征表示质疑。笔者认为维纳斯在中国文化中的同类表现形式不止一种,中国文艺中存在着多重映像的维纳斯。再者维纳斯象征着永恒的爱与美,必定在不同的时代和文化中得到丰富的赋值、定型、描塑和创造。因此与其挖掘维纳斯的“中国版”,不如立足本土推陈出新。本论拟从社会性别、女性自觉意识等性别角度去寻找、分析散落在古代中国的维纳斯。%When talking about the issue of love and beauty in the Oriental and Western culture, we have to mention Ye Shuxian' s Goddess of Gaotang and Venus. In this book, Ye argues that there exists a "Venus" covered by the mainstream Confucians in the Chinese culture, which is the Goddess of Gaotang in Song Yu's Gao Tang Fu and the female image in the later literature. However, this paper calls the character of Goddess as "goddess of love" and "goddess of beauty" in question. The author believes that there is more than one expression form of Venus in the Chinese culture, and there exist multiple images of Venus in Chinese literature and art. Moreover, the eternal love and beauty that Venus symbolizes is un- doubtedly enriched, finalized, depicted and created in different ages and culture. Therefore, rather than excavating the Chinese version of Venus, why not make creative efforts based on local conditions? This paper intends to finds out and analyzes Venus scattering in the ancient China from perspectives of social gender and female awareness.

  6. 谋与变——《园冶》屋宇篇文句结构及论题刍议%Project and Variability: A Preliminary Discussion of Textual Structure & Topics of Analysis in the Chapter on Buildings in Yuan Ye

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯仕达; 张鹏

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a study of Yuan Ye, a 17th-century treatise on garden design, and deals specifically with the chapter on buildings. Two aims are pursued in this study: first, based on the work of previous editors and annotators, this paper proposes a new understanding of the structure of the text and its implied topics of discussion. Second, this paper elucidates the implied horizons of the text and highlights the cultural specificity of assumptions that can be inferred from the text. Three questions are addressed as part of the discussion on implied horizons: (1) What are the principal notions relating to timber buildings in gardens? (2) From what vantage point can we consider the absence of means-ends relationships in the text? (3) What is the difference between conventional modern understandings of architectural typology and the understandings of building types in the text?%关注了17世纪的造园名著《园冶》,并以屋宇篇为焦点.作者要旨有二:首先,在各注家对《园冶》原文断句及标点的基础上,提出一个关于文句结构及暗含论题的新认识;其次,阐明原文的暗含视界,突出各种关乎文化特征的前提.在这其中包含3个问题:1)园林木构架建筑的主要理念是什么?2)如何看待目标一手段之间的逻辑关系并未在原文出现?3)对于现代建筑类型分类的一般见解与原文对建筑类型的认识有何差别?

  7. 女子400m个人混合泳成绩分析与研究--以2013年世锦赛叶诗文表现为视角%Analysis and Research on the Results of the Female 400m Individual Medley---From the Perspective of Ye Shiwen's Performance in the 2013 World Swimming Championship

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蔡万圣

    2016-01-01

    叶诗文在2013年世界游泳锦标赛的成绩分析发现,在各个泳姿阶段的成绩远差于2012年的伦敦奥运会成绩;从分段速度统计发现虽然叶诗文各分段速度明显落后于前3名运动员,但其转身后的速度不差于前3名运动员,有几个转身后速度还具有明显的优势;叶诗文的训练需要重视蝶泳的第2段,蛙泳的全程段,而优势段的自由泳水平的保持与提高亦是能否再登巅峰的关键。通过统计近3届世界大赛的成绩,分析女子400m个人混合泳进行组内和组间偏相关性得出院前后半程的速度波动产生的影响主要体现在第5段即蛙泳第1分段上。典型相关分析结果和分段间的相互关系分析得出,仰泳的第3段和第4段的速度变化对蛙泳的第5段和第6段有较强的影响作用,仰泳第3段不仅影响蛙泳的第5、6段,还对自由泳的第7、8段产生影响,因此仰泳的第3段的体能分配尤为重要,保证自由泳阶段冲刺能力不受影响的前提下,提高仰泳段的成绩显得尤为重要,但要有所控制,否则结果适得其反。%Let's take Ye Shiwen's performance in the 2013 World Swimming Championships as an example. We can see that in each stroke stage, her grades are much worse than those in the 2012 London Olympics performance; From the statistics of segmentation speed, we can find that although Ye's segmentation speed is obviously lagging behind the top three swimmers, her speed at turns even has obvious advantages than the former three swimmers. And Ye's training pays more attention on the second section in butterfly stroke and the whole section of breaststroke. However, the key for swimmers to mount the peak again is to keep and improve the advantage of freestyle. According to the scores in the last three world series and analysis of intra-group and inter-group partial correlation of the women's 400 meters individual medley, we can conclude that the

  8. Allah’ın Varlığını Aklen Bilmeye İlişkin Mâtürîdî'nin Gâye ve Nizam Delili / The Argument of “Hikmah and Tadbir” to Prove The Existence of God According to al-Maturidi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Aygün

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Öz Mâtürîdî İslâm düşünce tarihinde önemli bir yere sahip bulunan düşünürlerden biridir. Öyle ki Mâtürîdî (333/944 Ebû Hanîfe geleneğinin en güçlü simasıdır ve Ehl-i Sünnet kelâmının kuruluşunda en büyük paya sahiptir. Mâtürîdî'nin düşüncesinde "hikmet" ve "tedbîr" kavramları çok önemli bir yere sahiptir, o Allah'ın varlığını bilmek için hikmet ve tedbîr terimleriyle ilşkilendirdiği gâye ve nizam delilini kullanmıştır. Ayrıca o kötülük (şer olarak gördüğümüz şeyler dahil var olan tüm şeylerin "hikmet"in bir tezahürü olarak ortaya çıktığından bahsetmiştir. Mâtürîdî'nin düşünce sisteminde Allah'ın varlığı bilmek için kullanılan teleolojik delil ki doğadaki düzenlilik, güzellik ve tedbirin gözlemlerinden, analojik veya endüktif muhakemenin bazı türleri aracılığıyla ilerler, sonuç olarak bunlar bir tasarımcının (Allah işi olmalıdır. Bu Makalede gâye ve nizam delili ile ilgili Mâtürîdî'nin evrendeki düzeni ispat etmeye yönelik ortaya koymuş olduğu argümanlar ayrı başlıklar halinde ele alınmış ve tartışılmıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kelâm, Mâtürîdî, Allah'ın Varlığının Delilleri, Hikmet, Tedbîr, Gâye ve Nizâm Delili (Teleolojik Delil. The Argument of “Hikmah and Tadbir” to Prove The Existence of God According to al-Maturidi Abstract Al-Maturidi is one of the foremost and most important thinkers in the history of Islamic thought. So that al-Maturidi (333/944 is the most powerful figure in Ebû Hanîfe School and has the biggest share in the establishment of Followers of Sunnah kalam. The "hikmah" (wisdom and "tadbir" (order concepts are very important terms in the thought of al-Maturidi. He used the argument of “aim and order" (teleological argument -that he links with the term hikmah and tadbir- to prove the existence of God. He also stated that all things, including even the bad things (malignity, come

  9. Biology of Bemisia tuberculata Bondar (Aleyrodidae) and parasitism by Encarsia porteri (Mercet, 1928) (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) on cassava plants.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Andrade Filho, N N; Roel, A R; Penteado-Dias, A M; Costa, R B

    2012-11-01

    The whitefly Bemisia tuberculata has caused serious damage to cassava producing areas in the state of Mato Grosso do Sul. However, little is known about the biological characteristics of this species. The objective of this study was therefore, to monitor the development of this species bred on cassava plants under controlled greenhouse conditions, and to determine its most vulnerable stages and its reproductive capacity, as well as measuring the length and width each stage of development. To obtain these data, adult individuals were kept in voile traps on cassava leaves of five different plants, totalling ten leaves. After 24 hours the leaves were removed from the traps thus making each egg-laden leaf an experimental unit. The lowest mortality rate was record in the last nymphal stage ('pupae) compared with the other development stages. The highest mortality occurred in the nymphs at the 2nd and 3rd instars. Each female laid an average of 6.3 eggs in 24 hours. Thirteen days after egg laying, every one of the nymphs was fixed on the leaves of cassava plants. From the egg laying stage up until the adult stage, the process took 26 days. The proportion of females was 73.5%. The average size of the B. tuberculata egg was 163.22 µm in length and 72.39 µm in width and the "pupae" is 915.82 µm in length and 628.71 µm in width. The measurements of males were 797.16 µm in length and 200.81 µm in width and the length females 916.12 µm in length and 338.99 µm in width. The parasitoid Encarsia porteri (Mercet, 1928) (Hymenoptera, Aphelinidae) was found in the insect stock culture.

  10. An Example of Versification for Masnavi from History: Poet Molla Rahim’s Parable of Prophet Joseph in Verse / Tarih’ten Mesnevi’ye Bir Koşuklaştırma Örneği: Âşık Molla Rahim’in Manzum Hazret-i Yusuf Kıssası

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özkan DAŞDEMİR

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Versification, which is one of the formal transformations of the main-text, is the method of rewriting of a text, written in the form of prose, in the form of lines. In Turkish folk literature, especially Nasreddin Hodja’s anecdotes, rewritten in verse, various fairy tales, stories and legends, rewritten in the form of lines are among the appropriate examples for the versification method. The intertextual relations resulting from the rewriting of the parable of Joseph in History of Taberî by Poet Molla Rahim in form of the masnavi verse constitutes the subject of this article. In our study, among the formal transformation methods of the main-texts, the examples of versification and transformation of style will be discussed, by the two texts that constitute the basis on the study. Ana-metinlerin biçimsel dönüşümlerinden biri olan koşuklaştırma, düzyazı biçiminde yazılmış bir metnin dizeler hâlinde yeniden yazılması yöntemidir. Türk halk edebiyatında; nazma çekilen Nasreddin Hoca fıkraları başta olmak üzere, dizeler halinde yeniden yazılan çeşitli masal, hikâye ve menkıbeler koşuklaştırma yöntemine uygun örnekler arasında yer almaktadır. Bu makalenin konusunu Tarih-i Taberî’deki Yusuf Kıssası’nın Âşık Molla Rahim tarafından mesnevi nazım şekliyle yeniden yazılması ile ortaya çıkan metinlerarası ilişkiler oluşturmaktadır. Çalışmamızda ana-metinlerin biçimsel dönüşüm yöntemlerinden koşuklaştırma ve biçem dönüşümü örnekleri incelemeye esas teşkil eden iki metinden hareketle ele alınacaktır.

  11. Movement and Stillness: A Preliminary Discussion of Textual Structure & Topics of Analysis in the Chapter on Gardens in Yuan Ye%动与静——《园冶》园说篇文句结构及论题刍议

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马仕达; 张鹏

    2012-01-01

    本文关注了17世纪的造园名著《园冶》,并以“园说”篇为焦点.要旨有二:首先,在各注家对《园冶》原文断句及标点的基础上,提出一个关于文句结构及暗含论题的新认识;其次,阐明原文动静交替的暗含视界(horizon),突出各种关乎文化特征的前提.在这其中包含2个问题:1)在放弃三维透视空间作为园林设计的前提之后,讨论园林体验的主要理念是什么;2)如何看待原文中并未出现平面图和空间体验之间的逻辑关系.%This paper is a study of Yuan Ye, a 17th -century treatise on garden design, and deals specifically with the chapter on gardens in general. Two aims are pursued in this study: first, based on the work of previous editors and annotators, this paper proposes a new understanding of the structure of the text and its implied topics of discussion. Second, this paper elucidates viewing-in-stillness and viewing-in-motion as the implied horizon of the text and highlights the cultural specificity of assumptions that can be inferred from the text. Two questions are addressed at the end of the paper: 1) If one were to abandon three-dimensional perspectival space as an assumption of landscape design, what are the principal terms for discussing landscape experience; 2) From what vantage point can we consider the absence of the logical relationship between ground plans and spatial experience in the text.

  12. 无趣世界的智慧承担——以范小青、叶兆言散文为例%The Intelligent Undertaking in the Uninteresting World-- Taking the Prose of Fan Xiaoqing and Ye Zhaoyan as an Example

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张德明

    2012-01-01

    江苏散文创作在中国当代文学发展中具有举足轻重的意义,江苏散文千姿百态的言说与书写尝试,为当代散文的发展蓦然打开了新的广阔空间。范小青和叶兆言都是当代著名作家,在创作上都先以小说著名,继写散文。就散文创作来说,无论是在数量还是质量上都取得了惊人的巨大成就,而绝不只是参与似的客串。他们的散文不论记人写事还是状物摹景,从不用气势去咋呼,全用坦诚深情、平和素朴的文字精准表达自己的情绪感悟,慧达而细腻,亲切而凝重,平易而精辟,形象而省人,达到了含关怀于幽默、寄智慧于从容、拥凡俗于雅洁的上乘效果。%Prose writing in Jiangshu province plays an important role in Chinese contemporary literature. Hundreds ways of prose writing expand new space for the development of contemporary prose. Fan Xiaoqing and Ye Zhaoyan are two famous contemporary writers. Both of them take writing novels first, and then change to prose. Take their prose writing as an example, they have achieved a great success as a writer both in quantity and quality in writing rather than just be a guest writer. Instead of using an imposing manner in the narrative and description part in their prose, they use frank, sincere, moderate and simple language to express their own emotions and inspirations, which are intelligent and delicate, friendly and dignified, modest and penetrating, vivid and enlightening, and have achieved the best effect of expressing concern through humor, intelligence through calm, and profane through elegance.

  13. 五四“问题小说”中的家长形象--以冰心、庐隐、王统照、叶绍钧等为例%The Parental Image in the“Problem Novels”:with Special Reference to Bing Xin, Lu Yin, Ye Shaojun and Wang Tongzhao

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    崔璨

    2014-01-01

    The“problem novels”during the May 4th Movement is an important trend in the history of Chinese modern literature. And research on it is a significant part of the history of Chinese modern fiction. During the period from the climax to the ebb of the May 4th Movement, such authors as Bing Xin, Lu Yin,Ye Shaojun and Wang Tongzhao, etc expressed their deep reflection on life and social issues through their“problem novels”creation. This paper takes the parental image in the“problem novels”as the point of departure, classifies the images into several specific types, and then carefully analyzes the parental image’s unique role and its cultural implication behind the“problem novels”. From this new perspective, the connotation and value in the“problem novels”can be better understood.%五四时期的“问题小说”是我国现代文学史上的重要潮流,是研究中国现代小说发展史的重要一环。在五四运动从高潮到落潮的这段时间,以冰心、庐隐、叶绍钧、王统照等为代表的“问题小说”作家通过其小说创作,表达了对人生问题和社会问题的深切思考。以五四“问题小说”中的家长形象为切入点,将小说中的家长形象进行了类型划分。在细致的文本分析中梳理和分析家长形象在五四“问题小说”中的独特作用及其背后的文化意蕴。透过这一新的视角能够更好地理解五四时期“问题小说”的内涵和价值。

  14. 河南省叶县乡村医生防治碘缺乏病知识和行为情况调查%A survey of knowledge and practice on iodine deficiency disorders in rural doctors in Ye County, Henan Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨金; 郑合明; 朱琳; 崔亚红

    2014-01-01

    Objective To know the rural doctors' knowledge,belief and practice on iodine deficiency disorders(IDD),as well as their capability on health education communication in Ye County,Henan Province.Methods Semi-structured interviews were conducted among 50 rural doctors in Ye County,Henan Province.Topics covered include:sales of salt purchases,daily supervision and monitoring activities of salt,the health effects of salt,the situation of rural doctors trained,the situation of rural doctors participated in health education and related recommendations.Results ①Twenty-nine of the rural doctors knew exactly the advantage of salt iodization.②Thirty-nine of the rural doctors had taken part in the half quantitative detection of salt once or twice a year and 15 of them knew the supervision activities of salt industry department.③Forty-nine of the rural doctors believed salt iodization was beneficial to health and 48 of them were willing to participate in health education on IDD.④The major ways of their acquiring health knowledge were promotional materials [54.0% (27/50)],TV [50.0% (25/50)],and lecture/training [24.0% (12/50)].⑤Thirty-seven of the rural doctors had taken part in health education on IDD.They were used to use booklets [68.0% (34/50)],promotional slogan [36.0% (18/50)],broadcast [24.0% (12/50)],and doctor consultation [24.0% (12/50)].⑥Twenty-eight of the rural doctors thought the current health education on IDD was better.They hoped to reduce the price of salt,strengthen supervision,receive more training and health education on IDD.Conclusions The rural doctors remain relatively lack of knowledge on IDD.Rural doctors have the initiative and responsibility to conduct health education on IDD,but their pattern is still a one-way propagation.%目的 了解河南省盐产地叶县乡村医生对碘缺乏病防治的知信行情况以及其健康教育传播能力.方法 在河南省叶县选择50名乡村医生,作为调查对象,采用半结

  15. Mustafa Kemâleddin Bekrî’ye Göre Sûfî Benlik Gelişimi /The development of the Sufi Self according to Mustafa Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim Işıtan

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The development of the Sufi Self according to Mustafa Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî Abstract In this article, we studied how the Sufi Self develops according to Mustafa Kamâl al-Dîn Bakrî (m. 1162/1749, a prominent Sufi who was raised under the Khalwatiyya-Sha‘bâniyya tradition. The development of the sufi self relates to the transformation of the person’s inner life through climbing spiritual stages of sufi life and their influence on the person’s identity and personality. In the introduction, we briefly studied self-development according to psychology and sufism, then analyzed the notion of self-development according to our author. The Sufi’s view of sufi self-development is being considered under three major aspects: the relationship between exoterism and esoterism, struggles and Sufi exercises, relationship between guide and disciple. We started by studying the relationship between exoterism and esoterism in order to focus on the balance between inner life and outer life, then came the importance of struggling and practicing exercises in order to reach this balance and finally the relationship between the guide and the disciple travelling together on their quest to fulfill the spiritual journey. With this study and by analyzing the subject of Sufi self-development through these three topics, we aimed at contributing to clarify sufi psychology within the frame of spiritual psychology. Mustafa Kemâleddin Bekrî’ye Göre Sûfî Benlik Gelişimi Öz Bu makalede, Halvetiyye-Şa'bâniyye geleneği içerisinde yetişmiş 18. yüzyılın seçkin sûfîlerinden Mustafa Kemâleddin Bekrî (1162/1749’ye göre sûfî benlik gelişimi konusu ele alınmıştır. Sûfî benlik gelişimi, bireyin kişiliği ve kimliği üzerine etki eden sûfî yaşamın mânevî aşamalardan geçip içsel dönüşümü gerçekleştirmesi anlamında kullanılan bir terim olarak kabul edilebilir. Çalışmanın girişinde psikoloji ve tasavvufa göre kısaca benlik

  16. Bilimsel iletişimde yeşil ve altın yollarda yakınsama ve Türkiye'deki yansımaları = Convergence of the gold and green roads at scholarly communication and reflections on Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şengül, Gökhan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Son yıllarda özellikle sosyal ağlarda bilgi dolaşımının artması, gelişmiş mobil iletişim cihazlarının yoğun kullanımı kısıtsız ve farklı ortamlarda bilgi erişim ve paylaşımını gerektirmektedir. Bu bağlamda bilimsel bulguların yer aldığı makalelerin geniş kitlelere ve diğer bilim insanlarının erişimine açılması; hem bilimsel eserin doğruluk ve güvenirliğini artırmaya yardımcı olmakta, hem de bilimsel verinin paylaşılmasını ve dolayısı ile de bilimsel gelişimi olumlu yönde etkilemektedir. Yaklaşık on yıldır bu amaca açık erişim insiyatifi katkı sağlamaktadır. Bu amaçla kendi kendine arşivleme (yeşil yol ve açık erişim dergisi (altın yol bilimsel çalışmaların bilim topluluğuna sunulmasında yeni yöntemler olarak takdim edilmiştir Bu çalışmada; uluslararası alanda yeşil ve altın yollar üzerinde ortaya konan kurallar irdelenmiş, yazar ve yayıncılarının oluşan iklime uyumluluğu sorgulanmış ve Türkiye adresli kurumsal arşiv ve dergilerin ortaya çıkan durum karşısında konumları üzerine bir değerlendirme yapılmıştır. Çalışma esnasında Ulrich Süreli Yayın Rehberi, Thomson Reuters (ISI Bilimsel Web (Web of Science - WoS ve Elsevier Scopus uluslararası ticari atıf veri tabanları, RoMEO, Juliet, ve ROARMAP telif politikası rehberleri, OpenDOAR, ROAR kurumsal arşiv rehberleri ve DOAJ açık erişim dergisi rehberi ile ULAKBİM ulusal veri tabanları incelenmiştir. / In parallel with the increase of information exchange rate in social networks and the usage of mobile communication devices in recent years, it is also required that the information needs to be shared and freely accessable in different enviroments. In this context freely access to the papers including scientific findings by other scientists and broad population will help to increase both the accuracy and reability of the papers. Besides it will also affect positively the

  17. Some Directions in State Activities of Ye. F. Kankrin

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olga G. Larina

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article studies biographical facts on Yegor Frantsevich Kankrin and contains an analysis of his activities in the office of Minister of Finance. Based on the archive, biographical and legislative sources, the article considers the system of measures taken by Kankrin in the financial, industrial, mining, wood industry and educational spheres. The authors studied his work at the Jewish (second Committee as well as the drawbacks in his professional activities and the reasons behind them.

  18. The Spectrum in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model

    CERN Document Server

    Polchinski, Joseph

    2016-01-01

    The SYK model consists of $N\\gg 1$ fermions in $0+1$ dimensions with a random, all-to-all quartic interaction. Recently, Kitaev has found that the SYK model is maximally chaotic and has proposed it as a model of holography. We solve the Schwinger-Dyson equation and compute the spectrum of two-particle states in SYK, finding both a continuous and discrete tower. The four-point function is expressed as a sum over the spectrum. The sum over the discrete tower is evaluated.

  19. Du Ye ’s Penghu Dream--Based on the Collection of Poems Penghu Dreams Have Spread Their Wings%渡也的澎湖梦想--基于诗文集《澎湖的梦都张开翅膀》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑振伟

    2016-01-01

    Du Ye ,a prolific poet born in Jiayi but regarding Penghu as his native place ,has a special and unintelligible perception about Penghu. Penghu Dreams Have Spread Their Wings published in 2009 is a collection of his poems depicting Penghu. From his views about life and expectations towards himself revealed in his other writings ,one can see that the poet feels extremely lonely and disesteemed;borrowing Bachelard ’s material imagination of water,one finds that he imagined his posthumous life as a course of a journey. Loneliness seems to be connected to dreams and for the dreams the poet lives in the happiness of the world with Penghu as his spiritual paradise. His writings ,however ,also reflect his imagination of life as a labyrinth. In this depiction of a place ,the writer ’s intense perception of Penghu ,a humanistic space ,ostensibly comes from his deep affection for his grandfather ,but interpreted by poetics of dreams ,the poet ,from the Penghu dreams ,finds the freedom of a childhood dreamer and the childhood is awakened by sweet smells. Penghu in the dreams is forever young and gives the writer a sense of happiness;the poet finds the indwelling , feminine ,immense comfort from the depth of fantasy.%渡也是一位多产的诗人,他生于嘉义,却视澎湖为故乡,对澎湖有一种特殊和莫名的感觉。2009年出版的《澎湖的梦都张开翅膀》是诗人书写澎湖的诗文结集。从诗人其他作品中所表现的对生命的看法、对自我的期许,可说明诗人深感孤独并有一种遭受冷遇的感觉;借用巴什拉对水这种物质的想象,可发现诗人把身后也想象为一个旅程。孤独和梦想似是相连,诗人因梦想而生活在世界的幸福中,而澎湖就成为诗人精神回归的乐园;但诗人的作品中,也有人生像迷宫的想象。作为一种地方书写,诗人对澎湖这个人文空间的强烈感受,表面上源于诗人对祖父的深厚感情,但借用梦想

  20. Fallacious would Become True When Truth was Treated as Fallaciousness----Review of Mr. Ye Zhi's Accusation of Baimei Xi Clan's 'False Claim' Based on His Fallacious Academic and Anti--logic Techniques Bai Mei Shi%真作假时假充真——评叶植先生指白梅习氏“造假”的伪学术实质和反逻辑手法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白梅实

    2012-01-01

    It is a well recorded historical truth that Xi Zaochi lived in Baimei, Xinyu in his old years. Mr. Ye Zhi keeps on authoring articles to deny this historical truth and accusing the Baimei Xi clan made false claims with no conclusive evidences. He basically relied on false entries and records, misinterpret Xi family genealogy, and playing all kinds of anti--logic techniques to support his false proposition. We chinese respect our own history and culture. We have history record as a nation, county record for local history, and genealogy for family history. Genealogy is "the culture treasure of our motherland". Literature and history researchers should treat the genealogy and history with respect and honesty. Please do not challenge the history and playing with history.%习凿齿晚年徙居白梅,是“史不及载”的历史真实。叶植先生一再撰文否定,诬指白梅习氏“造伪”,却举不出确凿证据,只得借无中生有、引用不实之录和讹误史料、曲解《白梅习氏族谱》及其序文、玩弄种种反逻辑手法以支撑虚假命题。中华民族尊重自己的历史和文化,国有史、方有志、家有谱。家谱是“祖国文化宝藏”。文史研究者理应善待家谱,善待历史,诚实研究,切勿自以为是挑战历史,玩弄历史。

  1. Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye Göre Sûfi Benlik Dönüşümü / Transmutation of the Self according to Ebu’l-Hasan al-Harakânî

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ibrahim Işıtan

    2013-03-01

    ğer bir takım yöntemler ortaya konmuştur. Sûfî anlayış da kendine has metotlarla bir benlik gelişimi teorisi oluşturmuş, seyri sülûk diye adlandırılan rûhî gelişimin temel karakteristiklerini ortaya koymuştur. Modern psikoloji insanın davranışını ve davranışlarındaki patolojik durumları anlamaya ve yeniden düzenlemek için terapi yöntemleri geliştirmeye çalışırken, sûfî hayat biçimi de insanı anlamaya ve olumsuz ve patolojik diye nitelendirebileceğimiz davranışlarını – tasavvuf diliyle ifade edersek nefsin ayıplarını – rûhî ve mânevi yapıya göre yeniden düzene koyma konusu üzerine durmuştur. Bu çalışmada, sûfî benlik dönüşümü konusu, klasik dönemin ünlü sûfilerinden olan Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye göre incelenmiş ve sûfî benlik dönüşümün fizyolojik ve psiko-ruhsal boyutlardaki yansımaları kısaca ele alınmıştır. La Transmutation de Soi selon Ebu’l-Hasan al-Harakânî Résumé La psychologie soufie est un nouveau domaine de recherche qui étudie les attitudes et comportements des soufis. En parallèle du développement de la psychologie moderne qui étudie les attitudes et comportements humains et leurs origines dans l’organisme de l’homme, on a eu l’occasion d’étudier les attitudes et comportements des soufis selon le point de vue psychologique. En psychologie moderne, on a étudié le sujet de l’intégrité de soi appelé par l’expression de ‘réalisation de soi’ en examinant les principales caractéristiques des personnes dites ‘perfectionnées’ et on a développé certaines méthodes et théories au sujet du développement de la personnalité. La vie soufie a développé une théorie de la personnalité selon ses propres méthodes en étudiant les caractéristiques de base de l’évolution spirituelle de l’homme. La psychologie moderne examine aussi les comportements pathologiques et développe des thérapies adéquates pour réadapter les comportements

  2. Köy Edebiyatı Ve Türk Edebiyatında Köye “İçerden” Bakış Doğuşu, Etkileri, Sonuçları Village Literature And An “Emic Look” At The Village In Turkish Literature: Its Birth, Effects And Results

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erol ÇANKAYA

    2013-07-01

    . Therefore, these works can be valued associological documentsas well as literary pieces. This movement notonly conveyed the reality of the village from first hand as a mainstreamuntil 1970s in Turkish literature, but also affected the non-ruralauthors’ interest in the village reality. Türkiye’de modern edebiyat 1839’da Tanzimat hareketi ile başlamakla beraber, uzun yıllar İstanbul merkezli kalmış, Anadolu’ya açılamamıştır. Anadolu’nun Türk edebiyatındaki varlığının ancak Türkçülük akımına bağlı olarak ortaya çıktığı görülür. Bu süreçte aydın, hem halktaki milli kültürü özümsemek ve hem de köyü canlandırmak gibi ikili bir görevle halka, köye gitmek durumundadır. Yeni Türkiye’nin kuruluşuyla, edebiyattaki bu yönelişin hızlandığı görülmektedir. Ne var ki Halkevleri kanalıyla sürdürülen bu Halka Doğru hareketi büyük ölçüde “turistik” kalmış, kentli aydının köyde yaptığı “piknik” olmaktan kurtulamamıştır. Cumhuriyetin “sınıfsız Halkçılık” ilkesinin sonucu olarak bu hareket romantik bir Köycülük hareketi olmaktan öteye gidememiştir. Bu edebiyat, büyük ölçüde, köyü ziyarete gelen kentli aydının “ordaki köy”e “dışarıdan bakış”ının eseri olmaktan öteye gidememiştir.Bu yapının ancak, Cumhuriyet döneminde Anadolu insanının, eğitim olanaklarına kavuşması, bir kısmının yazar olmaya başlamasıyla değiştiği görülür. Bu noktada ise 1940’larda faaliyette bulunan Köy Enstitüleri önemli rol oynamıştır. Köy Enstitüleri’nde eğitim gören on binlerce gençten kimilerinin yazar olacağı bir süreç başlamıştır. Bunların ilk örneği Mahmut Makal ve Bizim Köy (1950 adlı yapıtıdır. Bizim Köy ile başlayan bu yöneliş, Fakir Baykurt, Talip Apaydın, Başaran, Dursun Akçam vb. Köy Enstitüsü mezunu köy kökenli gençlerin edebiyata girişleriyle güçlenerek bir “köy edebiyatı”nın oluşmasını sa

  3. A rapid and non-destructive method to assess leaf injury caused by the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar) (Acarina: Tetranychidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomkiewicz, Jonna; Skovgård, Henrik; Nachman, Gösta

    1993-01-01

    representing various leaf damage indices. Several monotonously decreasing functions were fitted to the experimental data yielding the following relation  , where c o is the chlorophyll content of unijured leaf tissue and a is a constant describing the steepness of the curvilinear relation. This means that LDIs...... plants, and is rapid and reasonably precise considering the time savings....

  4. Population structure and dynamics of the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar and the predator Euseius ho (DeLeon (Acari: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Evila C. Costa

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Population structure and dynamics of the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa and the predator Euseius ho (Acari: Tetranychidae, Phytoseiidae. Cassava is attacked by several pests, among which the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa. Predatory mites of the family Phytoseiidae are major natural enemies of pestmites and are naturally found inhabiting cassava plants in the field. We evaluated the temporal variation of the developmental stages of M. tanajoa and the most abundant predatory mite in cassava fields in the study region, the phytoseiid Euseius ho. Densities of all developmental stages of M. tanajoa were low during the rainy season, increasing over the cultivation cycle of cassava and peaking in the dry season. Overall, the larval stage of M. tanajoa presented the lowest densities throughout time. Densities of all developmental stages of E. ho were low and remained constant throughout the cultivation cycle of cassava. The number of eggs, nymphs and adults of M. tanajoa was higher in comparison to the larval stage whereas there were no differences in densities of the stages of E. ho. Densities of all developmental stages of M. tanajoa were negatively correlated with precipitation. Densities of the stages of egg, nymph and adult of M. tanajoa were positively related while the stage of larva was negatively related to temperature. We conclude that it is important to consider the population structure in studies of population dynamics of arthropods as each developmental stage experiences and responds uniquely to the local environment over time.

  5. AN ANALYSIS OF THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN BODY AND PERSONALITY IN TURKISH MODERN NOVEL CUMHURİYET DEVRİ TÜRK ROMANINDA BEDEN YAPISI, BEDENSEL DAVRANIŞLAR VE KİŞİLİK İLİŞKİLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR ÇÖZÜMLEME -Halide Edip Adıvar “Sinekli Bakkal”-Yakup Kadri Karosmanoğlu “Yaban”- Reşat Nuri Güntekin “Yeşil Gece”

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Salim ÇONOĞLU

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study is an attempt to analyze the relationship between thebody and personality in some (Yaban of Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu andSinekli Bakkal of Halide Edip Adıvar and Yeşil Gece of Reşat NuriGüntekin Turkish modern novels. The authors in those novels areconsistent in describing the characters of the novels. The characters thathad bad personalities were described in a similar manner in evendifferent novels. The characters that had positive personality wereportrayed as having good facial expressions and naive attitudes while thebad characters were portrayed as having satanic but enticingappearance, strange facial features or depreciated outfits. This commonportrayal shows both perception of the novelists, the society and theintellectuals. It is thought that a comprehensive study on cultural rootsof the relationship between the body and personality in Turkish modennovelists would take us to important conclusions. Bu makalede, Cumhuriyet devri Türk Edebiyatı’nın romanlarına(Halide Edip Adıvar’ın Sinekli Bakkal, Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoğlu’nunYaban ve Reşat Nuri Güntekin’in Yeşil Gece roman karakterlerinin bedenyapısı, bedensel davranışları ve bunlarla ilişkilendirilebilecek kişilikilişkileri açısından bakılmaktadır. Sözü edilen romanlardaki kişitasvirlerinden, beden yapısına has karakteristik bazı noktaları ve ruh ilebeden arasındaki ilişkiyi tespit etmek mümkün olabilmektedir.Cumhuriyet devri romancısı, psikolojik tahlillere geniş ölçüde yer vererekroman karakterlerinin ruh durumlarını ayrıntılı bir şekilde ortayakoymuştur. Örneğin olumlu tipler, yüzlerindeki hâl ve davranışlarındakimasumiyet ile ön plana çıkarken olumsuz tipler, ya şeytansı amacezbedici görünüşleri ya da tuhaf yüz hatları ve küçümsenen giyinişleriile öne çıkmaktadır. Farklı romanlardaki bu benzer tutum, hemyazarların ve anlatıcıların bakış açılarını hem de toplumun veentelekt

  6. As Ye Sow, So Shall Ye Reap: From Consultant to Collaborator in the Development of a Teacher Preparation Program in Lesotho.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothenberg, Julia Johnson

    This paper reports on the author's 4-week consultation with faculty of the Lesotho National Teachers College as part of the Primary Education Project which provided technical assistance with issues of primary age schooling in the Kingdom of Lesotho. The consultant worked with 12 faculty members of the National Teachers College in a process that…

  7. Calcium sulfoaluminate (Ye'elimite) hydration in the presence of gypsum, calcite, and vaterite

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hargis, Craig W. [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States); Telesca, Antonio [School of Engineering, University of Basilicata, Potenza (Italy); Monteiro, Paulo J.M., E-mail: monteiro@ce.berkeley.edu [Department of Civil and Environmental Engineering, University of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2014-11-15

    Six calcium sulfoaluminate-based cementitious systems composed of calcium sulfoaluminate, calcite, vaterite, and gypsum were cured as pastes and mortars for 1, 7, 28 and 84 days. Pastes were analyzed with X-ray diffraction, thermogravimetric and differential thermal analyses. Mortars were tested for compressive strength, dimensional stability and setting time. Furthermore, pastes with a water/cementitious material mass ratio of 0.80 were tested for heat evolution during the first 48 h by means of isothermal conduction calorimetry. It has been found that: (1) both calcite and vaterite reacted with monosulfoaluminate to give monocarboaluminate and ettringite, with vaterite being more reactive; (2) gypsum lowered the reactivity of both carbonates; (3) expansion was reduced by calcite and vaterite, irrespective of the presence of gypsum; and (4) both carbonates increased compressive strength in the absence of gypsum and decreased compressive strength less in the presence of gypsum, with vaterite's action more effective than that of calcite.

  8. MODERN TÜRKİYE TARİHİNİ DÖNEMLENDİRME MESELESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Demo Ahmet Aslan

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available The dominant chronological periodization of the history of Modern Turkey is commonly based on the power time of the leaders. Such paternal period conceptualization giving priority to “statesmen”, brings the following question to the mind: “Is there a patrimonial sub- conscious in Turkish historiography?” That’s because not only in the area of political history, such approach also observable in social, economical and military history studies of Republican period can be a custom inherited from Ottoman studies giving priority to excessive power of sultans or central political authorities with reference to Weber’s concept of patrimonialism. Hence Turkish historiography has a rich literature emphasizing “powerful state tradition”. Based on the above mentioned argument, paternal and monolithic past perception is questioned in this article which is occasionally visible in historiography of modern Turkey.

  9. Naturaleza fonética de la ye en español

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez Celdrán, Eugenio

    2014-01-01

    En la RAE (2011) se habla del fonema /ʝ/ y en la página 174 se dice lo siguiente: “A los segmentos fricativos mencionados, hay que añadir el fricativo sonoro /ʝ/…”. En el disquete que acompaña esa Fonética y Fonología, titulado Las voces del español se dice que “la consonante /ʝ/ se realiza habitualmente fricativa prepalatal” (se encuentra en ‘Sonidos del español; las consonantes fricativas’). Y las únicas variantes que se admiten son además de la fricativa, una variante africa...

  10. Salha-ye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years: From a new perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    علی اکبری/ کوچکیان علی اکبری/ کوچکیان

    2008-07-01

    Full Text Available Literature as an art or science is of different kinds; and these kinds can constitute new systems. Novel is one of these different kinds of literature that is also divided to many different kinds. Autobiography is also a branch of literature that has its own features and characteristics. There are also many capabilities in these variations and in their combination with the other kinds. “Autobiography-Novel” is one of these compositions in literature that benefits from both novel and autobiography. The writers of this article have chosen a novel by Ali Ashraf Darvishiyan for their analysis. This literary text is a novel that also contains some features of autobiography, and the writes of the paper have analyzed it from the point of view of “Autobiography-Novel.” Keywords: Autobiography, novel, Salhaye ‘Abri (Cloudy Years, Autobiography- Novel, Darvishiyan.

  11. Seek and Ye Shall [eventually] Find: The End of the Search for the Auxin Receptor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lawrence HOBBIE

    2005-01-01

    The mechanism by which the plant hormone auxin regulates gene expression has been shown to involve regulated degradation, through the ubiquitin-proteasome pathway, of transcriptional repressor proteins. However, the key first component in this pathway, the receptor that binds auxin and initiates auxin signaling, has remained a mystery. Two recent papers identify the F-box protein TIR1, part of the complex that attaches ubiquitin to its targets, as an auxin receptor. This breakthrough reveals a new mode of signal transduction and lays the groundwork for a more complete understanding of auxin physiology.

  12. Ye olde CSR: the historic roots of corporate social responsibility in Norway

    OpenAIRE

    Ihlen, Øyvind; Høivik, Heidi von Weltzien

    2015-01-01

    This essay traces the roots of corporate social responsibility (CSR) in Norway. It is argued that a basic tenet of CSR, an orientation toward the concerns of stakeholders, has a long history in Norwegian business, predating the modern CSR movement. The essay underscores certain qualities of the Norwegian business system and the Norwegian political culture in order to explain how this stakeholder orientation grew and how CSR is perceived and practiced today. Corporatism and dialog are traits w...

  13. Preface to the special issue on commemorating the centenary of Duzheng YE's birth

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xiangxiang; Dai, Yongjiu; Cui, Hongzhi; Dickinson, Robert E.; Zhu, Siguang; Wei, Nan; Yan, Binyan; Yuan, Hua; Shangguan, Wei; Wang, Lili; Fu, Wenting

    2017-09-01

    Given the crucial role of land surface processes in global and regional climates, there is a pressing need to test and verify the performance of land surface models via comparisons to observations. In this study, the eddy covariance measurements from 20 FLUXNET sites spanning more than 100 site-years were utilized to evaluate the performance of the Common Land Model (CoLM) over different vegetation types in various climate zones. A decomposition method was employed to separate both the observed and simulated energy fluxes, i.e., the sensible heat flux, latent heat flux, net radiation, and ground heat flux, at three timescales ranging from stepwise (30 min) to monthly. A comparison between the simulations and observations indicated that CoLM produced satisfactory simulations of all four energy fluxes, although the different indexes did not exhibit consistent results among the different fluxes. A strong agreement between the simulations and observations was found for the seasonal cycles at the 20 sites, whereas CoLM underestimated the latent heat flux at the sites with distinct dry and wet seasons, which might be associated with its weakness in simulating soil water during the dry season. CoLM cannot explicitly simulate the midday depression of leaf gas exchange, which may explain why CoLM also has a maximum diurnal bias at noon in the summer. Of the eight selected vegetation types analyzed, CoLM performs best for evergreen broadleaf forests and worst for croplands and wetlands.

  14. PRIMARY LONG VOWELS IN THE DIALECTIC OF KEMALİYE AND ITS REGION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatih Özek

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Long vowels are the ones that are articulated in a longer time than an average word time. Long vowels are classified as primary (fundamental and secondary long vowels in terms of their formation styles. Primary long vowels are those whose first known examples are long. Secondary long vowels, on the other hand, are those appeared as a result of various sound events. Besides secondary long vowels that can be observed in all languages, primary long vowels have been mentioned by many Turcologists as existing in Turkish since 19th century. The foundings of long vowels and their traces in Yakut Turkish firstly and then in historical dialects and other Turkish dialects such as Turkoman, Khalajand some others have increased the number of studies in this area. In those primary studies based on standard languages, it has been considered that long vowels exist in a small amount of Turkish dialects and they have been shortened in many dialects including Turkey Turkish. The recent studies on the accents of Turkey Turkish have exhibited that some of the long vowels totally shortened in Turkey Turkish have been sustained in the dialectics. This study also supports that idea. By the way, in the collection study on the dialectic of Kemaliye and its region, primary long vowel is observed in 43 words. We share the idea that this evaluation is significant in accordance with the existence of primary long vowels in the dialectics of Turkey Turkish. This study aims to give the words detected in the region in relation to their correspondents in historical and contemporary dialects since Main Turkish and by this way to mention the existence of primary long vowels in the dialectics of Oghuz Turkish except Turkoman Turkish.

  15. MUTASYONEL DİSFONİYE YAKLAŞIM VE SONUÇLARIMIZ

    OpenAIRE

    Yavuzer, Atilla; ÖĞÜT, Fatih; KOLCULAR, Derya; APAYDIN, Fazıl; MİDİLLİ, Raşit

    2000-01-01

    Approach to voice and phonation disorders gains more importance within Otorhinolaryngology. Etiology of these diseases is multifactorial. Therefore they are seen in different clinical forms in practice. Mutational dysphonia vvhich is a functional and non-organic type of voice disorder has a privileged place among the other types of voice and phonation disorders because of its unique pathophysiology. Patients who suffer from mutational dysphonia generally admit to either Internists or Otor...

  16. Ye Shakoch Chilot (the court of the sheikhs): A traditional institution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    multi-religious bodies have been involved in a range of peace building efforts ...' Thus, the role ... said to lack the sense of social relationship found in the social structures of the ... state mechanism of punishment has not managed to eradicate the long-standing .... expectations of a party and provided satisfaction afterwards.

  17. Seek and ye shall find: consumer search for objective health care cost and quality information.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sick, Brian; Abraham, Jean M

    2011-01-01

    Significant investments have been made in developing and disseminating health care provider cost and quality information on the Internet with the expectation that stronger consumer engagement will lead consumers to seek providers who deliver high-quality, low-cost care. However, prior research shows that the awareness and use of such information is low. This study investigates how the information search process may contribute to explaining this result. The analysis reveals that the Web sites most likely to be found by consumers are owned by private companies and provide information based on anecdotal patient experiences. Web sites less likely to be found have government or community-based ownership, are based on administrative data, and contain a mixture of quality, cost, and patient experience information. Searches for information on hospitals reveal more cost and quality information based on administrative data, whereas searches that focus on clinics or physicians are more likely to produce information based on patient narratives.

  18. Search engines: seek and ye shall find? The position of search engines in law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.

    2006-01-01

    In the electronic world, the ways of receiving and imparting information have changed beyond all recognition because of the ease in sharing information over the Internet. We can scarcely begin to conceive the gigantic amount of information put there at our disposal by private and public suppliers. I

  19. Comfort Ye My People: Chaplains, Spiritual Care, and Operational Stress Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    examined later in this paper. Many people come to us simply because we are there, and not for any overtly religious reason. If they are young enough and...than older people do today. They also are less likely to be affiliated than their parents’ and grandparents’ generations were when. they were young ...adults also attend religious services less often than older Americans today: And compared with their elders today, fewer young people say thatreligioJ

  20. Complete mitochondrial genome of the Ye's spiny-vented frog Yerana yei (Anura: Dicroglossidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Zhuo; Zhai, Xiaofei; Zhu, Yanjun; Chen, Xiaohong

    2015-06-01

    Yerana yei (Anura: Dicroglossidae) is the only one species in the genus Yerana and the taxonomy of the Y. yei remains unresolved and controversial. The complete mitochondrial genome of Yerana yei (Anura: Dicroglossidae) was sequenced in the present study, and it is a circular molecule of 17,072 bp in length and contains the 38 genes typically found in other anurans: 13 protein-coding genes, 2 ribosomal RNA genes and 23 transfer RNA genes (including an extra copy of tRNA(Met)). The order and orientation of the genes is the same as that found in other Paini species. The A + T content of the overall base composition of H-strand is 58% (T, 29.4%; C, 27.3%; A, 28.6%; G, 14.7%) and the length of control region is 1580 bp with 67% A + T content.

  1. The Mercantilism of Ye Shi%析叶适的重商思想

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张家成

    2005-01-01

    本文通过对叶适思想中的义利观、四民观(本末观)、理财观等方面的具体分析,阐述了叶适的重商思想及其渊源.虽然叶适对"贵义贱利"、"重农抑商"的传统观念提出了尖锐的批判,并在理财、货币、土地乃至兵制等方面,提出了一系列富于商品经济意识的深刻见解和主张,然而,从其基本立场及思想渊源来看,叶适的重商思想仍是基于儒家传统的.

  2. THE PETROGLYPHS AND INSCRIPTIONS IN ESATLI VILLAGE (ORDU-MESUDİYE AND THEIR HISTORICAL BACKGROUND

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Necati DEMİR

    2009-10-01

    Full Text Available In this study, they are introduced images carved in rock which we have found during our field research in Ordu city, Mesudiye count, Esatlı village in 1994. These images and figures that had been written/drawn in first centuries of the Christ in our opinion, are the most important ones among existent ones in whole geography beginning from Siberia reaching to France, Portugal. In surroundings of those inscriptions which we think they had been written/drawn by Turks believed in Tengriism (Shamanism, there are also tumulus/tumuli that are old Turkish settlement and old Turkish graveyards. Another significance of petroglyphs and inscriptions in Esatlı is to be able to see the evolution of this chain: petroglyph, ideogram, pictogram, marker, syllable, semi-syllable and letter. It is possible to perceive many stages of the evolution from petroglyph to letter here.

  3. In Memory of Xia Ye%怀念夏野先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈应时

    2005-01-01

    夏野先生离开我们已经有十个年头了!回想起1995年12月26日那天早晨,夏楠在电话中哭着告诉我:“爸爸去世了。”我不敢相信这个噩耗会是真的,赶紧骑车到福园5号11室先生的住处,只见先生已经停止了呼吸,安祥地躺在床上。此时此刻的我,面对着先生已无话可说,惟有哭泣!

  4. Ensuring the relocatability of programs in the operational system DOS YeS

    Science.gov (United States)

    Novoseltsev, S. K.; Orlov, I. G.; Chesalin, A. S.

    1979-01-01

    Specific modifications in the Disk Operational System Unified Series to insure the relocatability of programs stored permanently in the core image library is described. A self-relocating method for loading programs into the working memory with re-editing all the programs recorded in the core image library is presented. The modified linkage editor can be included in a relocation dictionary containing data about each address constant at the assembly stage at the request of the programmer. The relocation dictionary increases the dimension of the RL-phase in comparison with the dimension of this same phase when edited by the standard method, making possible the creation of multiphase program complexes. Generation and use of the modified system using Assembly language is described. An example of the use of the system is given, and limitations of the use of the relocatable programs in the modified system are outlined.

  5. ye movement parameters while reading show cognitive processes of structural analysis of written speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latanov, Alexander V.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives an overview of the published data on eye movement parameters while reading sentences in different languages with both local and global syntactic ambiguity. A locally ambiguous sentence contains a syntactically problematic phrase that leads to only one interpretation, while a globally ambiguous sentence has more than one distinct interpretation. In the first case the ambiguity persists only to the end of the sentence, when it is successfully resolved; in the second case the ambiguity is still present after reading the whole sentence. The obvious difficulty in analyzing the structure of locally and globally ambiguous sentences leads to increased reading time compared with unambiguous sentences. The syntactic ambiguity increases two major parameters: the fixation duration when reading words critical for interpreting the sentence, and the frequency of regressive saccades to reread those words. The reading time for critical words, disambiguating the local ambiguity, depends on the principle of early/late closure (i.e., high/low attachment: preferring a recurrent pattern to associate the critical word with a distant or closer word, respectively (as determined by its position in the sentence, and differs across languages. The first study of eye movement parameters in reading globally syntactic ambiguous sentences in the Russian language is reported in this paper. Our findings open up the prospects of quantitative studies of syntactic disambiguation in Slavonic and Romano-Germanic languages.

  6. Dynamics of Pinus sylvestris L. needles activity in Predbaikal’ye forests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M. Romanova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to analyse changes in peroxidase activity of common pine needles throughout the year. The needles of the 1-st, 2-nd and 3-d years were collected. Total activity of guaiacol-dependent peroxidase was determined. Minimum peroxidase activity is observed in January and February. In March intense overall activation of peroxidase is observed in the needles of all ages, which might be related to spring enhancement of physiological processes and activation of metabolism. Autumn period is characterized by more or less high activities of guaiacol peroxidase from September till November, which is related to its participation in stress-adaptation to low temperatures in winter. Peroxidase activity changes depending on the season of the year. Needles of different age are characterized by their own peroxidase activity level in various time periods.

  7. Introduction to Current Computer Aids to Digital Test Design for Automated Test Equipment,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1974-02-01

    it efforts proved to be less than was no longer sufficient to have effective. The complexity of the a nice software system to translate units to be...Yes Ye. Hewiett- Ye [iie Ye macrui TESi ;P.N IWestinghouse rNo Yes Yes Limited Ye. Limited Nii Yeo Limited Yes N,- Yes Ye. *COMTEST AAI (Na-d Ye Ye NA N

  8. BOLOGNA SÜRECİNDE MALİYE BÖLÜMLERİ VE MALİYE EĞİTİMİ: ÖĞRENCİ GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilal GÖRKEM

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to reveal Bologna Process reform implementations, and the current situations of public finance departments in Turkish universities by addressing the views of public finance students. For this purpose, in the spring semester of the 2011-2012 academic year, a questionnaire was applied to 3rd and 4rd grade students of public finance. Data obtained are analysed using frequency distribution, mean values, chi-square independence test, Mann Whitney U test and KruskalWallis H test.

  9. ONE OF A NAMELESS HEROINE OF OUR POLITICAL HISTORY: UNIONIST MRS. SENİYE HANIM / SİYASAL TARİHİMİZİN İSİMSİZ KAHRAMANLARINDAN: İTTİHATÇI SENİYE HANIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ass. Prof. Şefika KURNAZ

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Mrs. Seniye from Varna had established Woman Branch of Committee of Union and Progress (İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti in Selanik before the Declaration of the Second Constitutional Monarchy and fulfilled secret political activities as a vice president. She dashed her hopes in the period from constitutional monarchy to republic. Although she was the pioneering person in the Woman Movement, following year her name lapsed into obscurity. The narratives of Mrs. Seniye by Mrs. Emine Semiye, her close friend and by Mrs. Necla whom she met in Selanik and in İstanbul in different times helps us to familiarize her even nearly.

  10. Additional Notes on Megophrys sangzhiensis Jiang, Ye et Fei, 2008 (Amphibia, Anura, Megophryidae)%桑植角蟾Megophrys sangzhiensis Jiang,Ye et Fei,2008形态特征补记(Amphibia,Anura,Megophryidae)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    廖春林; 梁茜茜; 王燕; 江建平

    2013-01-01

    基于新采集的桑植角蟾标本(1只雌性成体、6只雄性成体),本文对桑植角蟾的形态特征进行了补充.新采集到的雄性标本符合桑植角蟾的鉴别特征,在外形上与正模标本总体上一致.雌性个体与雄性差异明显:雌性个体(SVL 73.0 mm,n=1)明显比雄性个体大(SVL 53.0 ~ 60.8 mm,n=7);背面皮肤明显较雄性红;胸腹部花斑较雄性大而稀少,红色或暗红色;前肢较雄性弱,没有声囔及声囔孔,指无婚刺.卵团发现于溪流石块下,呈不完整的圆圈状,卵团卵粒数为483 ~542枚(n=2);卵粒乳白色,动植物极颜色差异不明显;卵径3.56 mm±0.13 mm(n=10).

  11. XXI. YÜZYILDA TÜRKİYE KİŞİ ADLARINA BİR BAKIŞ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncer Gulensoy

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Person names range by nations, customs and traditions, beliefs, religions and neighbours. Turks since Kök Türks, at the periods of Uighurs, Kyrgyzi, Karakhanids, Seljuq Turks and Ottomans have used different person names. In this research, Turkish person names have been examined briefly.

  12. Innovative Education and Science in Information Technologies: Experience of M.Ye. Zhukovsky National Aerospace University «KhAI»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kryvtsov, V.S.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Information technologies are among the most promising and fastest growing sectors in the world and Ukrainian industry. In the paper the authors share the experience of National Aerospace University «KhAI» in personnel education and training for the IT industry and the results of successful cooperation with IT companies. Innovative education programs, scientific and practical researches in information technologies, which are implementing in KhAI are also discussed.

  13. 'Ye Olde Hot Aire' : reporting on human contributions to climate change in the UK tabloid press

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Boykoff, Maxwell T; Mansfield, Maria [Environmental Change Institute, University of Oxford, South Parks Road, Oxford OX1 3QY (United Kingdom)], E-mail: maxwell.boykoff@eci.ox.ac.uk, E-mail: maria.mansfield@ouce.ox.ac.uk

    2008-04-15

    This letter explores daily print media coverage of climate change in four United Kingdom (UK) tabloid newspapers: The Sun (and News of the World), Daily Mail (and Mail on Sunday), the Daily Express (and Sunday Express), and the Mirror (and Sunday Mirror). Through examinations of content in articles over the last seven years (2000-2006), triangulated with semi-structured interviews of journalists and editors, the study finds that UK tabloid coverage significantly diverged from the scientific consensus that humans contribute to climate change. Moreover, there was no consistent increase in the percentage of accurate coverage throughout the period of analysis and across all tabloid newspapers, and these findings are not consistent with recent trends documented in United States and UK 'prestige press' or broadsheet newspaper reporting. Findings from interviews indicate that inaccurate reporting may be linked to the lack of specialist journalists in the tabloid press. This study therefore contributes to wider discussions of socio-economic inequality, media and the environment. Looking to newspapers that are consumed by typically working class readership, this article contributes to ongoing investigations related to what media representations mean for ongoing science-policy interactions as well as potentialities for public engagement.

  14. Experiment on flooding by the polymer fluids in a five-point system at the field Alb'ye

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lakatos, I.; Kristof, M.; Munka, M.; Toth, J.; Tromboczki, S.

    1980-01-01

    As a result of laboratory experiments on flooding by polymer NIKE 128/76 under similar bed conditions, 7-13% additional oil was obtained. It was established that in the main part of the pore space it is occupied by gas, then the quantity of additional oil will be decreased by half. Based on this, additional oil output of 3-7% was expected. The change in concentration of polymer fluid was observed with the use of tracing elements (marked atoms). The main purpose of the experiment is not attained because of the hermetic sealing of the cement ring in the I well. As a result of conducting of the experiment, it was possible to inject, adapt, mathematically model, as well as use the conditions of stability of flooding of the polymer solutions.

  15. 叶景华治疗痛风经验%Professor Ye Jinghua's Experience in Treating Gout

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙建明; 叶景华

    2009-01-01

    痛风是一组嘌呤代谢紊乱所致的疾病,其特点是高尿酸血症,由此引起痛风性关节炎反复发作,痛风结石沉淀,关节畸形,常累及肾脏,引起慢性间质性肾炎和肾结石形成。本病可归属于中医“痹证”范畴。

  16. The Mood Particle Ye in Declarative Sentences%叙述句中的语气词"也"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周守晋

    2001-01-01

    本文在分析上古汉语三类"VP也"的基础上,对近代汉语以来表示事态变化的叙述句中"也"的功能、来源提出自己的看法;通过比较各类"VP也",表明"语境制约原则"及"类推变化"是中古以来"也"在叙述句中活跃的机制.

  17. Safeguarding Farmer Workers' Rights and Interests——An interview with Ye Jingyi, professor of Beijing University Law School

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    YUN XIANG

    2007-01-01

    @@ Farmer workers are a new powerful workforce that has sprung up amid China's reform and door opening and in the process of the country's industrialization and urbanization. They have made great contributions to urban prosperity, rural development and their country's modernization.

  18. VizieR Online Data Catalog: IRX-β relation of HII regions in NGC628 (Ye+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ye, C.; Zou, H.; Lin, L.; Lian, J.; Hu, N.; Kong, X.

    2016-10-01

    NGC 628 has been observed by the PPAK IFS Nearby Galaxies Survey (PINGS) performed by the 3.5m telescope of the Calar Alto Observatory. The IFU provides a sampling of 2.7", an optical wavelength range of 3700-7000Å with a spectral resolution of ~8Å. The final data set comprises 11094 individual spectra, and the typical spatial resolution is about 3.5"-4". The slice image at the Hα wavelength is used to determine HII regions. FUV and near-UV (NUV) images of NGC 628 were taken by the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX), which are centered at wavelengths of 1516 and 2267Å. IR images were taken by Spitzer IRAC (3.6um, 8.0um) and MIPS (24um). The spatial resolutions of UV and IR images are 4.3", 5.3", 1.9", 2.8", and 6.4", respectively. We obtain these images from the data release website of Local Volume Legacy (LVL) survey DR5 (Dale+, 2009, J/ApJ/703/517; http://irsa.ipac.caltech.edu/data/SPITZER/LVL/). (2 data files).

  19. Apostasimerini (Coleoptera: Curculionidae: Baridinae). Rectification of authorship, year of publication, rank, and taxa included

    Science.gov (United States)

    The following nomenclatural changes are proposed in the Coleoptera, Curculionidae: the author of Apostasimerini is Schoenherr (1844), not Lacordaire (1866); Madopterini Lacordaire, 1866 is demoted to subtribe of Apostasimerini; Erirhinus mourei Bondar, 1943 is a new synonym of Apostasimerus serriros...

  20. Jedinstvo raznoobrazija / Aleksandr Borissov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Borissov, Aleksandr

    2001-01-01

    Näitusest "Tallinn-Sankt-Peterburg" Tallinna Hansapanga galeriis, osalemas Orest Kormashov ja Leonid Sokolov Tallinnast, Pjotr Reichet, Olga ja Juri Bondar Peterburist. Pjotr Reicheti ning Olga ja Juri Bondari töödest.

  1. Dicty_cDB: VFC706 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available imcssifsmprl*iffcti*ye*rniwiii flinriswiscisrkyinrnnhnkiysrkfqsikcrykfsnl*k*inricmyiillafr* ycldfsiycnilvgev... C: nklirnricinnnlfkkkk*snkneiifyiimcssifsmprl*iffcti*ye*rniwiii flinriswiscisrky

  2. Dicty_cDB: VHN820 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 0.25 Translated Amino Acid sequence lkkrnkyknkiifyiimcssifsmprl*iffcti*ye*rniwiiiflinriswisc...kyknkiifyiimcssifsmprl*iffcti*ye*rniwiiiflinriswiscisrk yinrnnhnkiysrkfqsikcrykfsnl*k*inricmyiillafr*ycldfsi

  3. TÜRKİYE ÖZEL VE KAMU SAĞLIK SİGORTACILIĞI PRİM/HASAR SAĞLIK HARCAMASI DEĞERLENDİRMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güvenç KOÇKAYA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reforms under Health Transformation Program was commenced in 2002 by Ministry of Health in Turkey brings significant improvements. These changes targeted at improving access to health services(HS and quality of HS. Social Security Institution(SSI is only government payer covering of population. In addition to public health insurance(HI there are also private HI companies(PHIC covering 3% of population. Aim of analysis is to understand difference between premium/claims of HI system in Turkey. With this aim the official data of premiums and claims of PHIC for years 2009-2013 was obtained from Turkish PHIC Association together with same data of government HI for the same years was obtained from SSI. Descriptive analysis were conducted with premiums and claims data of government and private health insurers. Total collected preimum of PHIC were 2.3 billion TL and claims were 1.7 billion TL on the year 2013. Premiums and claims of PHIC per capita were 822 TL and 631TL in 2013, respectively. Difference of premium/claims of all PHC was equal to 638 million TL or 26%. Same year, premiums and claims of SSI for HI were 53 billion and 49.9 billion TL. Premiums and claims of SSI per capita were 691 TL and 650 TL in 2013, respectively. Difference of premiums/claims of SSI HI was 4.1 billion and 6%. SSI has become monopsonic payer in health system with HI premium collection from all citizens. SSI determines its revenues and costs as it also determines the premium levels and reimbursement price of HS. This shows the success of SSI`s management while covering the whole population for a very comprehensive health care package. However, the SSI`s per capita premium is lower and its claims is higher than private sector averages. Question marks that come upon the productivity issue imply that the situation should be examined thoroughly.

  4. INTERVOCALIC EUPHONIC CONSONANTS IN TURKISH WITH A SYNCHRONIC VIEW EŞ ZAMANLI BAKIŞLA TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE YARDIMCI ÜNSÜZLER

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fevzi KARADEMİR

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Researchers propose different opinions about character, number and naming of intervocalic euphonic consonants in modern Turkish. This divergence in opinions is reflected on teaching of the subject. Especially, the fact that the situation creates differences between primary, secondary schools and higher education grades as a result of different opinions of teachers/national education and academicians/faculty of letters, poses a negative situation in terms of Turkish teaching. Following subjects were tried to be determined in the study: the reasons beyond the approach differences mentioned in this study, whether information produced at academic level related to subject effect or not Turkish teaching in primary and secondary school and which intervocalic euphonic consonants are/should be in Turkish. With this aim, academic works related to the subject, primary and secondary school course books were examined and a questionnaire was conducted among class, Turkish and literature teachers in primary and secondary school. Through the data obtained, it was understood that method differences in evaluating the subject is mostly the reason of opinion divergences and the ones who consider only /y/ or n/ and /y/ as intervocalic euphonic consonants approach to the subject mostly with diachronic method; however information produced with this point of view are nearly not reflected on teaching of the subject in primary and secondary school. In the study, it was concluded that synchronic view method should be the basis in teaching intervocalic euphonic consonants. In evaluation made with this method, it was determined that /y, ş, s, n/ were intervocalic euphonic consonants of modern Turkish even when they derive in vowel-vowel, vowel-consonant or consonant-vowel forms. In addition, it was stated that presenting historical identities of sounds in question with diachronic view method would be beneficial in terms of making students comprehend changes and transformations in language’s nature as long as their level is adequate without ignoring the identity of these sounds Araştırmacılar, günümüz Türkiye Türkçesindeki yardımcı ünsüzlerin mahiyeti, sayısı ve adlandırılışı konularında farklı görüşler ileri sürmektedirler. Bu görüş ayrılıkları konunun öğretimine yansımaktadır. Özellikle, bu durumun, öğretmenlerin/milli eğitimin bakışı ve akademisyenlerin/edebiyat fakültelerinin bakışı şeklinde, ilk ve ortaöğretim ile yükseköğretim kademeleri arasında sınıfsal bir nitelik kazanması, Türkçenin öğretimi açısından olumsuz bir durum arz etmektedir. Bu araştırmada; anılan yaklaşım farklarının temelinde yatan nedenler, konuyla ilgili olarak akademik düzeyde üretilen bilgilerin ilk ve ortaöğretimdeki Türkçe öğretimine yansıyıp yansımadığı, Türkiye Türkçesinin yardımcı ünsüzlerinin hangileri olduğu/olması gerektiği tespit edilmek istenmiştir. Bu amaçla, konuyla ilgili akademik eserler, ilk ve ortaöğretimdeki ders kitapları incelenmiş, ilk ve ortaöğretimdeki sınıf, Türkçe ve edebiyat öğretmenlerine yönelik bir anket düzenlenmiştir. Elde edilen verilerden, görüş ayrılıklarına, büyük ölçüde konuyu değerlendirmede esas alınan yöntem farklılıklarının neden olduğu; /y, ş, s, n/ ünsüzlerinden sadece /y/’yi veya /n/ ve /y/’yi yardımcı ünsüz olarak kabul edenlerin, konuya daha çok art zamanlı yöntemle baktıkları, ancak bu bakış tarzıyla üretilen bilgilerin, konunun ilk ve ortaöğretimdeki anlatımına hemen hiç yansımadığı anlaşılmıştır.Çalışmada, yardımcı ünsüzlerin öğretiminde, eş zamanlı bakış yönteminin esas alınması gerektiği sonucuna varılmış, bu bakış yöntemiyle yapılan değerlendirmede, ister ünlü-ünlü, ister ünlü-ünsüz, isterse ünsüz-ünlü bağlamında türesin, /y, ş, s, n/ ünsüzlerinin, günümüz Türkiye Türkçesinin yardımcı ünsüzleri olduğu saptanmıştır. Bunun yanında, muhatabın seviyesi el verdikçe, söz konusu seslerin, mevcut kimlikleri göz ardı edilmeden, tarihi kimliklerinin art zamanlı bakış yöntemiyle ortaya konmasının, dilin tabiatındaki değişim ve dönüşümün kavratılması açısından yararlı olacağı belirtilmiştir.

  5. By their words ye shall know them: evidence of genetic selection against general intelligence and concurrent environmental enrichment in vocabulary usage since the mid 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Anthony Woodley of Menie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available It has been theorized that declines in g due to negative selection stemming from the inverse association between completed fertility and IQ, and the Flynn effect co-occur, with the effects of the latter being concentrated on less-heritable non-g sources of intelligence variance. Evidence for this comes from the observation that 19th Century populations were more intellectually productive, and also exhibited faster simple reaction times than modern ones, suggesting higher g. This co-occurrence model is tested via examination of historical changes in the utilization frequencies of words from the highly g-loaded WORDSUM test across 5.9 million texts spanning 1850 to 2005. Consistent with predictions, words with higher difficulties (δ parameters from Item Response Theory and stronger negative correlations between pass-rates and completed fertility presented a steeper decline in use over time, than less difficult and less negatively selected words, which increased in use over time, suggestive of a Flynn effect. These findings persisted when explicitly controlled for word age, literacy rates and temporal autocorrelation. These trends constitute compelling evidence that both producers and consumers of text have experienced declines in g since the mid-19th Century.

  6. LITERARISCHE STILANALYSE IN GEDICHTEN VON SAFIYE CAN - SAFİYE CAN’IN ŞİİRLERİNDE BİÇEM ANALİZİ

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    Umut BALCI

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Safiye Can zog mit ihrem Gedichtband “Rose und Nachtigall”, dessen erste Auflage im Januar 2014 und -dank dem Interesse der Leserschaft- drei Monate später jeweils die zweite Auflage veröffentlicht wurde, all das Interesse der deutschen Literaturszene auf sich. Can, die außerdem eine Geschichteautorin und Gedichtübersetzerin ist, schrieb ihre Gedichte um den deutsch-, türkisch- und tscherkessischen Kulturraum und vermittelte somit diese Kulturharmonie ihrem Lesepublikum mit unterschiedlichen Motiven und sprachlichen Eigenbesonderheiten. In dieser Arbeit haben wir ausgehend vom Gedichtband „Rose und Nachtigall“ die Stilistik der Autorin in Griff genommen. Sprachliche Merkmale ihrer Gedichte, die häufig gebrauchten Wortarten und Wortgruppen, Wortdoppelungen, Gegenwörter und rhetorische Figuren haben wir analysiert. Ebenfalls haben wir die Motive wie z.B. Rose und Nachtigall, Heimat, Sehnsucht, platonische Liebe, Einsamkeit, Schmerz und Angst untersucht und somit die Multikulturalität der Autorin und die Reflexion dieser Situation auf ihre Gedichte ausführlich behandelt.

  7. SOME PROBLEMS ON SYNONYMY IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE EŞ ANLAMLILIK İLE İLGİLİ BAZI SORUNLAR

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    Mustafa SARI

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that there are few studies on semantics in Turkey Turkish. So, there are many semantic issues which must be examined synchronicly and diachronicly in Turkey Turkish.Some problems on synonymy in Turkish have been dwelt on in this study. The questions like ‘are there any absolutely synonymous word pairs in Turkish?’, ‘How is the relationship between synonymy and context?’, ‘Can a native word and its borrowing counterpart be synonymous. Is word deaht related with synonymy in Turkish. Are there any differences in standart Turkey Turkish and Anatolian dialects from the synonymyus point of view are the subjets of this study. Türkçede anlam bilimi çalışmaların azlığı bilinmektedir. Anlam bilimi ile ilgili hem eş zamanlı hem de art zamanlı biçimde incelenmesi gereken birçok sorun bulunmaktadır. Bu çalışmada Türkiye Türkçesinde eş anlamlılıkla ilgili bazı sorunlar üzerinde durulmuştur. Türkçede birbiriyle tamamen örtüşen eş anlamlı kelimeler var mıdır? Eş anlamlılıkla bağlam arasında nasıl bir ilişki vardır? Başka dillerden alınan kelimelerle Türkçe kelimeler arasındaki anlam yakınlığı, eş anlamlılık biçiminde değerlendirilebilir mi? Türkçede sözcük ölümü, eş anlamlılıkla ilgili midir? Standart Türkçe ile Türkiye Türkçesi ağızları arasında eş anlamlı kelimeler bakımından farklılıklar bulunabilir mi? gibi sorular, bu çalışmanın ana konularıdır.

  8. TÜRKİYE İÇİN BİR AİLE SİGORTASI MODEL ÖNERİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat ŞENTÜRK

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Sanayileşmeyle birlikte yaşanan demografik dönüşüm özellikle gelişmiş ülkelerde doğurganlık hızının düşmesine ve yaşlı nüfusun toplam nüfus içerisindeki payının artmasına neden olmuştur. Yaşlanan nüfusun ülke ekonomilerine özellikle de sosyal güvenlik harcamalarına etkisi olumsuz yönde olmaktadır. İstihdamdaki kadınların çocuk sahibi olmalarını teşvik etmek, yeniden genç bir nüfus yapısına sahip olmak amacıyla ailelere çeşitli yardımlar yapılmaktadır. Sadece nüfus yapısındaki değişimden dolayı değil aynı zamanda gelir dağılımının bozuk olduğu ülkelerde de çocuk yoksulluğunun önlenmesi amacıyla aile yardımları uygulanmaktadır. Uygulanan aile yardımlarının finansman şekli ülkelere göre farklılık göstermektedir. Bazı ülkeler bu yardımları primler ve devlet katkısı ile finanse ederken bazı ülkeler de vergilerle finanse etmektedir. Türkiye’de de halihazırda aile yardımı niteliğinde olan bazı yardımlar yapılmakta ancak resmi olarak uygulanan bir aile sigortası kolu bulunmamaktadır. Bu çalışmada öncelikle aile yardımı niteliğinde olduğu düşünülen yardımlara değinilmiş ve bu yardımlar hakkında detaylı bilgiler verilmiştir. Daha sonrasında Türkiye için bir aile sigortası modeli önerilmiştir. Önerilen model 3 alternatif içermektedir. Yapılan hesaplamalar sonucunda 2015-2075 yılları arasında gelir gider dengesini sağlayacak şekilde aile yardımlarının finansmanında kullanılacak olan prim oranı tespit edilmiştir. Çalışmanın sonucunda, farklı kurum ve kuruluşlar tarafından ailelere yapılan yardımların tek bir çatı altında birleştirilmesi ve bu yardımlara aktarılan kaynakların yeni kurulacak aile sigortası modeline dahil edilmesi ile hem kapsam olarak daha geniş bir kesimin aile yardımlarından faydalanacağı hem de daha etkin bir şekilde bu yardımların finanse edileceği sonucu ortaya koyulmuştur.

  9. TÜRKİYE İÇİN BİR AİLE SİGORTASI MODEL ÖNERİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat ŞENTÜRK

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Demographic transformation in conjunction with industrialization, especially has led to in the fall of fertility rates in developed countries and an increase in the share of total population of the elderly people. The impact of the aging population especially on social security expenditures is negative for a country’s economy. Various family benefits have done in order to encourage the employment of women have children and have a young population structure again. Not only because of changes in population structure but also for preventing child poverty in countries which have income distribution disorder, family benefits is implemented. Financing form of family benefits varies by country to country. Some countries financed by taxes, while some financed by premiums and state contribution. However some family benefits have been applied in Turkey but still not insurance branch existed formally yet. In this study, some benefits which have characteristic of family benefits have examined firstly, then proposed a family insurance model for Turkey. Proposed model contain 3 alternatives and premium rate has found for financing system in different alternatives. Outcomes of this study, it has been revealed that if combining all family benefits under a single roof and transferred resources to proposed model, comprehensive and more efficently system can exist.

  10. TÜRKİYE-ROMANYA İLİŞKİLERİ(1930-1938 THE RELATIONS OF TURKEY-ROMANIA(1930-1938

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    Selman YAŞAR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Turkey-Romania relations have begun a few months before from declaration of Republic of Turkey. Turkey which has applied the principle “Peace at home, peace in the world” in foreign policiy, has solved own problems in the first years at foundation of state. In this period Turkey has taken part in international peace study, has signed peace agreements. She has attended in the friendly relations and hasmake an effort to solve the problems in the world. Romanya which hasown wide lands at the end of the World War I, has trailed an antirevizyonistpoliciy with the aim of protection of own lands. EitherTurkey’s trail this policiy has bring two state near of each other.Romania which has joint in Laussanne Conference has supportedTurkey at the matter of Capitulates. Embassies have opened in Ankaraand Bucharest correspondingly after the Laussanne Conference. Therelations between Turkey and Romania have developed direction ofdevelopments in Europe and The Pact of Balkan and two countriesrelations has continued in friendly between 1930-1938 years. Twocountries has signed treaty of friendship and trade between 1930-1938years and they have acted together opposite of developments in theworld. Two countries have also tried hard for protection of status quo inEurope and Balkans. The first treaty has been signed in 1929 betweenTurkey and Romania and collaborate has been done in political andeconomic field until 1938. The visits have been realized for this aimmutually. Friendship and trade treaties have been signed between twocountries. in the 17 October 1933, during the visit to Ankara Titulescuwho has the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania, has been signedfriendship, nonagression and arbitrator agreement with Turkey. Turkeyand Romania have taken part in the Pact of Balkan when established in9 February 1934. Romania has support to Turkey at the Treaty ofMontreux. Türkiye-Romanya ilişkileri Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin ilanından birkaç ay önce başlamıştır. Dış politikada “Yurtta sulh cihanda sulh” prensibini uygulayan Türkiye, devletin kurulduğu ilk yıllarda kendi problemlerini çözmeye çalışmıştır. Türkiye bu dönemde milletlerarası barış çalışmalarında yeralmış, çevresindeki ülkelerle barış antlaşmaları imzalamıştır. Komşularıyla dostça ilişkiler içinde bulunmuş ve dünyadaki problemlerin çözümü için çaba sarfetmiştir. I.Dünya Savaşı sonunda geniş topraklara sahip olan Romanya kendi topraklarını korumak amacıyla anti-revizyonist bir politika izlemiştir. Türkiye’nin de bu politikayı izlemesi iki ülkeyi birbirine yaklaştırmıştır.Lozan Konferansı’na katılan Romanya kapitülasyonlar konusunda Türkiye’yi desteklemiştir. Lozan Antlaşması’ndan sonra Ankara ve Bükreş’te karşılıklı elçilikler açılmıştır. İki ülke arasındaki ilişkiler Avrupa’daki gelişmeler ve Balkan Paktı doğrultusunda gelişmiştir ve iki ülke ilişkileri 1930-1938 yılları arasında dostça sürmüştür. 1930-1938 yılları arasında iki ülke dostluk ve ticaret antlaşmaları imzalamış ve dünyadaki gelişmeler karşısında beraber hareket etmişlerdir. İki ülke Balkanlar’da ve Avrupa’da statükonun korunması için gayret etmişlerdir. Türkiye ile Romanya arasında ilk anlaşma 1929’da yapılmıştır ve 1938’e kadar siyasi ve ekonomik alanda işbirliği yapılmıştır. Bu amaçla karşılıklı ziyaretler gerçekleştirilmiştir. İki ülke arasında dostluk ve ticaret antlaşmaları imzalanmıştır. Romanya Dışişleri Bakanı Titilescu’nun Ankara ziyareti esnasında 17 Ekim 1933’te Türkiye ile Dostluk, Saldırmazlık ve Hakem Antlaşması imzalanmıştır. Türkiye ve Romanya, 9 Şubat 1934’te kurulan Balkan Paktı’nda yer almışlardır. Romanya Montrö Antlaşması’nda Türkiye’yi desteklemiştir.

  11. REPEATED RHYME AND REPEATED REDIF IN GAZELS / GAZELDE İKİLEME REDİF VE İKİLEME KAFİYE

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    Assoc. Prof. Dr. Yaşar AYDEMİR

    2009-04-01

    Full Text Available Meter and rhyme are indispensable elements forClassical Turkish poem. Usually rhyme together withredif (repeated voice/ word after the rhyme is used inClassical Turkish poem. One of the way of using rhymeand redif is "repeated rhyme and repeated redif" in poem.In this paper, "repeated rhyme and repeatedredif" was studied.

  12. Maslach Tükenmişlik Envanteri-Eğitimci Formu’nu Türkçe’ye Uyarlama Çalışması

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    Nuri Barış İnce

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this study, it is aimed to make Turkish adaptation study of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey, which was obtained as a result of adaptation of Maslach Burnout Inventory, developed by Maslach and Jackson, to the educators with some modifications by Maslach, Jackson and Schwab. The study group of the research consisted of 760 classroom teachers working in central district and provinces of Ankara. Validity and reliability studies of the scale, of which the original form consists of 22 items in 7 point Likert type and 3 dimensions, (emotional exhaustion, depersonalization and personal accomplishment, applied to the study group in Turkish form indicated that the original structure of the scale has been preserved. Cronbach's alpha coefficient calculated separately for each sub-dimension was determined as 0.88 for emotional exhaustion, 0.78 for depersonalization and 0.74 for personal accomplishment. Considering the item-total correlations, the items in the scale are understood to have a good discrimination indice. Model-fit indices such as AGFI, GFI, RMSEA, CFI and NFI obtained as a result of confirmatory factor analysis applied for the construct validity show that the model established for compliance have acceptable level of model-fit.

  13. Maslach Tükenmişlik Envanteri-Eğitimci Formu’nu Türkçe’ye Uyarlama Çalışması

    OpenAIRE

    Nuri Barış İnce; Ali E. Şahin

    2015-01-01

    In this study, it is aimed to make Turkish adaptation study of Maslach Burnout Inventory-Educators Survey, which was obtained as a result of adaptation of Maslach Burnout Inventory, developed by Maslach and Jackson, to the educators with some modifications by Maslach, Jackson and Schwab. The study group of the research consisted of 760 classroom teachers working in central district and provinces of Ankara. Validity and reliability studies of the scale, of which the original form c...

  14. SEMANTIC CONTENT OF PRONOUNS IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE ZAMİRLERİN ANLAM YÜKÜ

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    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to examine the semantic content of pronouns in Turkey Turkish. The definition of the term “pronouns” was reconsidered in this sense, and it was revealed that a new classification should be made. Furthermore, the term “substitution” was re-examined, and it was concluded that “all words denote an aspect of pronouns since they correspond to concepts of the real world”. Bearing a paradigmatic structure, pronouns attain the real world knowledge by using other glossemes, thereby creating semantic content, which is named concretization. The meaning of a pronoun is determined by the context in the process of such concretion. The intention referred to in the text shapes the semantic content of pronouns. The distance between a pronoun and its target also plays a role in assuming a meaning. Demonstrative and interrogative pronouns summarizes the information in one or more sentences, thus enabling them to be used for different aims. The incorporation of such usage of pronouns in Turkey Turkish into curriculum will yield many benefits with respect to reading, comprehension, and education. Türkiye Türkçesinde zamirlerin anlam yükünün incelendiği bu çalışmada zamir teriminin tanımı yeniden ele alınmış ve buna göre bir sınıflama yapılmasının gerekliliği belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca “yerine geçme” tabiri yeniden ele alınarak, “gerçek dünyadaki kavramların karşılığı olduğu için bütün kelimelerin zamir yönü olduğu” sonucuna varılmıştır. Paradigmatik bir yapıya sahip olan zamirlerin, başka dilbirimlerini kullanarak gerçek dünya bilgisine ulaştıkları ve anlam yüklerini oluşturdukları belirlenmiştir. Buna da somutlaştırma denilmektedir. Zamirin anlamını, bu somutlaşma sırasında metnin bağlamı belirler. Metinde kastedilen niyet, zamirin anlam yükünü belirler. Gönderimle ise zamirlerin anlamları düzenlenir. Zamirin hedefiyle arasındaki mesafesi de onun anlamı yüklenmesinde etkilidir. Metin işaret zamirleri ve soru zamiri ise, bilgi kategorisinde bir veya birkaç cümledeki bilgileri özetler ve bunların değişik amaçlarla kullanılmasını sağlar. Türkçede zamir kullanımının bu özelliğinin kavratılmasının okuma, anlama ve eğitim yönünden birçok yararları vardır.

  15. HIV/AIDS: tHe fIrSt 25 yeArS - A VIew from NAIrobI

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2008-06-06

    Jun 6, 2008 ... African origin of AIDS in 1983 from Los Angeles, the then world centre .... prominent African haemorrhagic fevers, Ebola and. Lassa are .... these pyrexias of unknown origins (PUOs) may ..... SV40: Review and comment. Amer.

  16. Türkiye’ye Gelen Yabancı Turistlerin Gelir Düzeyi Kümelerinin Yıllara Göre Değişimi

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    Nurzen ÜZÜMCÜ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada yabancı turistlerin milliyetlerinin gelir düzeyine göre 2007-2012 arasındaki her yıl için kümelemesi yapılmıştır. Burada amaç, “Yüksek”, “Orta” “Düşük” olarak etiketlenen gelir düzeyi kümelerinde yer alan ülkelerin yıllar içerisindeki değişimini gözlemlemektir. Bu çalışmanın, yıllar itibariyle gelir düzey grupları değişkenlik gösteren turistlerin geldiği ülkelerin tespit edilmesi, bu değişikliğinin sebeplerinin araştırılması ve gelir düzeyi grupları için ortak turizm stratejileri geliştirilmesi açısından yol gösterici olması amaçlanmaktadır. Veri seti TUIK’in web sitesinden elde edilmiştir. Kümeleme için Bulanık C-Ortalamalar kullanılmıştır. Yapılan analizler neticesinde, aynı ülkelerden gelen yabancı turistlerin gelir düzeylerinin yıllar itibari ile çok değişkenlik göstermediği, ancak genellikle “düşük” gelir gruplu turistlerin geldiği gözlenmiştir.

  17. THE SIGNS OF ORIGINAL LONG VOWELS IN TURKEY TURKISH / TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE ASLÎ UZUNLUK BELİRTİLERİ

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    Dr. Cahit BAŞDAŞ

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available The original long vowels in the Turkish language have systematically been presserved in Yakut and Türkmen Turkish. İn historical texts, the primary long vowels, which could not be regularly followed up due to the reasons stemming from the alphabet used and non-standart ortographic traditions, have generally been shortened to date.The long vowels which could not be regularly preserved and hence shortened have left various phonetic remains. The phonetic developments such as sonorisation, vowel widening adventitious sound and germination, encountered in Turkey Turkish and other dialects, have been arisen mostly from the shortened primary long vowels.The long vowel i, in the main Turkish, has been widened in the way of i>ė >e in Turkey Turkish. Along with primary long vowels, occlusive-unvoiced consonants p, ç, t, k have mostly been sonorised and turned into b, c, d, g. Therefore vowel widening, sonorisation, and consonant derivation in a few examples are among the main primary vowel signs in the Turkey Turkish.

  18. Vision and Ambition Lead to Success——Mr. Ye Feng and His S.C City Est Cliner S.R.L

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    @@ S.C City Est Cliner S.R.L (City Tang Investment Group Corporation, CTI) was founded in 1996 with its headquarters located in Bucharest, the capital of Romania.It is an influential foreign-invested (Chinese)company in Romania specializing in businesses including wholesale, storage, restaurant and transportation.

  19. GRAFİK TASARIMININ REKLAM AFİŞLERİNDE KULLANIMI: TÜRKİYE CUMHURİYETİ DEVLET DEMİRYOLLARI ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    GAFUROĞULLARI, Deniz

    2014-01-01

    Advertisement industry works to affect and persuade its target mass. It is necessary to have a good communication in order to convince the people. If an advertisement is important to persuade somebody, it is essential to have a perfect design. In the industry sector, a good graphics desing is very important. This research is done to determine suitability of Turkish State Railways advertising banners past and today graphic design principles. In research process, Turkish State Railways advertis...

  20. TÜRKİYE İÇİN KIDEM TAZMİNATI FONU OLUŞTURULMASINA YÖNELİK MODEL ÖNERİLERİ

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    Zeynep Burcu GÜNER

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Kıdem tazminatı kanunda belirlenmiş olan koşullarla iş akdinin feshedildiği durumlarda işverenin işçiye ödediği, miktarı hizmetin süresine ve ücrete göre değişiklik gösteren, ödenecek en yüksek miktarı belirlenmiş olan bir para olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Ülkemizde kıdem tazminatı sisteminden sağlanan tazminat miktarı, belirlenmiş fayda esasına göre, son işverenin yanında çalışılan yıl sayısı ve alınan son ücrete bağlıdır. Günümüzde mevcut kurallara göre 4(a statüsündeki sigortalıların sadece %14’ü kıdem tazminatından yararlanabilmektedir. Sistemin bütün 4(a’lı sigortalıları kapsayacak şekilde yeniden revize edilmesi önem arz etmektedir. Dolayısıyla yapılacak düzenlemenin, sistemin aktörleri olan işçi ve işverenler tarafından ortak kabul gören kurallar çerçevesinde ve mevcut sistemin sorunları da dikkate alınarak kurgulanması gerekliliği açıktır. Bu çalışmada, mevcut sorunları itibariyle kıdem tazminatı kavramı irdelenerek çeşitli ülke uygulamalarına yer verilmiş, 4(a sigortalıları için kurulacak olası bir kıdem tazminatı fon sistemine yönelik öneriler sunulmuş ve tartışmaya açılmıştır.

  1. COMPLEMENT (OBJECT) IN TURKEY TURKISH
    TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE DÜZ TÜMLEÇ (NESNE) THE DIRECT

    OpenAIRE

    Şahap BULAK

    2012-01-01

    In this study we examined the direct complement of elements of the sentence about which there are lots of problems to be solved. We have discussed the direct complement in eight different ways; direct complement, the definition of term of direct complement, the relationship between verb and direct complement, the suffixes of direct complement, the direct complement in passive sentences, direct complement in reflexive sentences, the direct complement in terms of subordinate relationship, direc...

  2. sleep disorders due to neuroinfections: clinical symptoms, neurochemistry and neurophysiology V.B. Voitenkov1, N.V. Skripchenko1, Y.E. Zueva 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. B. Voitenkov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In our review we present data on sleep disturbances in neuroinfections (encephalitis and meningitis, their clinical signs, neurochemistry and neurophysiology. These signs include lethargy, narcolepsy, sleep apnoe, sleep structure disruptions and may appear in acute period and as a sequelae of the disease. Reticular formation involvement seems to be the main reason for such sleep disorders. GABA and orexin systems disruption may play the key role in them. Neurophysiology evaluation of such disorders includes polysomnography, EEG-monitoring, brainstem acoustic evoked potentials and H-reflex investigation. 

  3. Ask and Ye Shall Receive? Automated Text Mining of Michigan Capital Facility Finance Bond Election Proposals to Identify Which Topics Are Associated with Bond Passage and Voter Turnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Alex J.; Chen, Jingjing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to bring together recent innovations in the research literature around school district capital facility finance, municipal bond elections, statistical models of conditional time-varying outcomes, and data mining algorithms for automated text mining of election ballot proposals to examine the factors that influence the…

  4. Ebu'l-Muin en-Nesefi'nin İnsan Fiilleri Probleminde Mutezile'ye Yönelttiği Bazı Eleştiriler

    OpenAIRE

    Gündoğar, Hamdi

    2011-01-01

    Abu al-Mu?în al-Nasafî is one of the most important theologians of Maturidiyyah Kalam School. He explains his theological opinions generally in ?Tabsiratu?l-adilla fî usûli?d-dîn? and his other books. Al-Nasafî depends on two things in human beings acts: One of them is the creator of the whole acts is only Allah. Second, human beings are definitely responsible for their acts (kasb/acquisition). According to al-Nasafî, man acquires his own acts by using his own will; but no doubt that the crea...

  5. 自行走履带式声反射罩%Ye Jiangeng Jin Meihong Self-traveling caterpillar acoustic reflecting cover

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严华锋; 崔建辉; 叶建根; 金美虹

    2005-01-01

    The paper is presented with the introduction to three styles of acoustic reflecting cover. And it illustrates the self-traveling caterpillar acoustic reflecting cover is a kind of improved acoustic equipment in modernized multi-functional theatres.

  6. Ulikhet som impuls for nye oppdagelser i dans: Å tøye både muskler og meninger gjennom mangfold i Danselaboratoriet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tone Pernille Østern

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen har forfatterne fokus på hvordan ulikhet mellom mennesker kan fungere som en impuls som bidrar til meningsskaping, nye oppdagelser og transformasjon i improvisasjon i dans. Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i Østerns avhandling ”Meaning-making in the Dance Laboratory. Exploring dance improvisation with differently bodied dancers” (2009. I artikkelen vever forfatterne sammen sine ulike stemmer. Tone Pernille Østerns perspektiv er som initiativtaker og tidligere koreograf-dansepedagog i Danselaboratoriet, mens Elen Øyens perspektiv er som danser i den samme gruppen. Øyen er danser og rullestolbruker. Hovedkonklusjonen i artikkelen er at gjennom å forstå ulikhet som en verdi og impuls til å møtes og skape i improvisasjon i dans, så kan deltakerne i gruppen gjennomgå kraftfulle transformative endringsprosesser når det gjelder synet på ”den andre”. Dette har en betydning som går langt ut over det konkrete, kunstneriske undervisningsrommet. ”Den andre” forstås i artikkelen som en konstruksjon som både muliggjør adskillelse og utestenging fra et fellesskap, men også som en mulighet til å forstå at ”den andre” ikke nødvendigvis er, eller skal være, som meg.

  7. ELVIYE-I SELASE AND BATUM IN THE COURSE OF TURKISH WAR OF INDEPENDANCE / MİLLİ MÜCADELE YILLARINDA ELVİYE-İ SELASE VE BATUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mustafa BAKAN

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Elviye-i Selase is a given name for the area whichconsists of Kars, Ardahan and Batum under TheOttoman Empire. After The Russo-Turkish War of 1877–1878, this region has remained under the Russianadministration during 40 years as the war compensation.This region was joined again to Turkey with the Treaty ofBrest- Litovsk which was done between Turkey andRussia. Elviye-i Selase is exist in the boundary of Misak-ıMilli which was formed in the course of Turkish War ofIndependence. But Soviet Russia had a tendency to getagain Batum at the first occasion. Batum had a great importance in the negotiations between TurkishGovernment and Soviet- Russia. With the Treaty ofMoscow 16 March, 1921, Kars and Ardahan were left inTurkey but Turkey had to leave Batum in Russia. In thisstudy, it was examined status of Elviye-i Selase in thecourse of Turkish War of Independence and to leave ofBatum.

  8. Ask and Ye Shall Receive? Automated Text Mining of Michigan Capital Facility Finance Bond Election Proposals to Identify Which Topics Are Associated with Bond Passage and Voter Turnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Alex J.; Chen, Jingjing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to bring together recent innovations in the research literature around school district capital facility finance, municipal bond elections, statistical models of conditional time-varying outcomes, and data mining algorithms for automated text mining of election ballot proposals to examine the factors that influence the…

  9. BELEDİYELERDE YÖNETİME KATILMA VE AÇIKLIK ALGISI: ÜMRANİYE VE ŞİŞLİ BELEDİYELERİ ÖRNEĞİ - PERCEPTION OF PARTICIPATION AND OPENNESS IN MUNICIPALITIES: THE CASE OF ÜMRANİYE AND ŞİŞLİ MUNICIPALITIES

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    Hüseyin KORKUT

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Katılım ve açıklık uygulamalarının ortak amacı, kamuyönetimiyle halk arasındaki mesafenin, halka dönük hizmetanlayışıyla ve yöneten-yönetilen etkileşimi sayesinde, asgaridüzeye indirilmesiyle konumlandırılır. Ümraniye ve Şişlibelediyelerinde, katılım ve açıklık uygulamalarının nasılşekillendiği; katılım ve açıklık ilkeleriyle uyumlu birkurumsallaşmaya gidilip gidilmediği alanda incelenmiştir.İncelemede, geleneksel kamu yönetimi anlayışının, bellioranda halen geçerliliğini koruduğu görülmüştür. Katılım veaçıklık konusunda, yasal düzenlemelere dayalı teorinin pratiğetam olarak yansımadığı, bu incelemede ortaya konmayaçalışılmıştır.Abstract:Mutual theme of the participation and opennessnotions emerge from the claim that the distinction anddistance between the governing and governed could beminimized via communication and interaction. We observethat conventional public administration understanding stillprotect the centrist-unionist-authoritative administrationpractices. It can be seen in this research that the theory ofjoining administration is not actualized; legal regulationsdon’t correspond the implementations. In the case of Şişli andÜmraniye Municipalities, how participating and opennessimplementations are formed, whether participation hashappened or not is investigated in the field. Some of thecritical results of the research can be seen in this paper.

  10. 解体认知《园冶》——“兴造论”与“园说”%The Structural Text of Yuan Ye in Analytical Thoughts:Building Discussion and Landscape Architecture Statement

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    范文昀

    2013-01-01

    《园冶》语言组织结构存有自身的法则,且文本法则秩序与造园事实秩序平行存在.解体解析《园冶》文本结构旨在试图认知中国古代造园思想.造园思想的当下获得或可形成一种新的建筑学认知视域,亦即体现在建造活动中的自然与人的立体界域界面关系的体形形态营造:墙体与栖居体方面.

  11. Addendum: Qian, C.; Fang, Q.; Wang, L.; Ye, G.Y. Molecular Cloning and Functional Studies of Two Kazal-Type Serine Protease Inhibitors Specifically Expressed by Nasonia vitripennis Venom Apparatus. Toxins 2015, 7, 2888–2905

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cen Qian

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available This research was supported by grants from the National Program on Key Basic Research Projects (973 Program, 2013CB127600, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31272098, 31472038, 31402018, the Research Fund for the Doctoral Program of Higher Education of China (Grant Number 2012010113004, the National Science Fund for Innovative Research Groups of Biological Control (Grant No. 31321063, the Zhejiang Provincial Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Number Y14C140006 and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant Number 2014FZA6014. [...

  12. TREATMENT OF CERVICODYNIA, OMALGIA, LUMBAGO AND SCELALGIA BY COMBINED "MOBIKE" AND "FESHI YE": A Therapeutic- effect Observation%莫比可与风湿液合用治疗颈肩腰腿痛的疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡劲松

    2006-01-01

    为了观察莫比可与中药联合使用治疗颈肩腰腿痛的有效性及胃肠道安全性,采取对照方法将265例颈肩腰腿痛病人分为莫比可组88例、风湿液组86例和联合用药组91例.莫比可组采用莫比可治疗,风湿液组采用风湿液治疗,联合用药组采用莫比可与风湿液治疗.疗效指标通过休息痛、活动痛、关节功能、压痛指数、病人评价和医生评价总体进行量化,胃肠道安全性通过胃肠道不良反应的发生率、种类及频次评价.结果显示,联合用药组疗效优于莫比可组和风湿液组,联合用药组和莫比可组的消化道不良反应发生率均显著高于风湿液组,联合用药组中不良反应的发生仍是由于莫比可而非风湿液.表明莫比可与风湿液联合口服用药,可以有效的增强临床镇痛的效果,但是同时又不会增加胃肠道不良反应的发生率.

  13. Lou Ye's Suzhou River: At the Crossroads of Hollywood and the French New Wave%《苏州河》:在好莱坞与法国新浪潮之间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杰瑞·卡尔森; 聂伟

    2009-01-01

    作为一部经典的中国独立电影,不仅描绘了魅力上海的底层生活世界,而且生动地表明中国新生代导演如何在全球类型电影创作的互文文本中确定自身的独特位置.作者从类型分析、叙事结构和视觉风格等方面,细致地探讨了怂与好莱坞以及法国新浪潮电影之间吊诡的互文关系.

  14. TAMAMLAYICI BAKIM VE ALTERNATİF TEDAVİ YÖNTEMİ OLAN MÜZİK TERAPİYE İLİŞKİN SAĞLIK PROFESYONELLERİNİN GÖRÜŞLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    Ciğerci, Yeliz; Kurt, Hatice; Çelebi, Şerife

    2016-01-01

    Tanımlayıcı tipte planlanan bu çalışmada, sağlık profesyoneli olan doktor ve hemşirelerin, müzik terapiye ilişkin görüşlerinin belirlenmesi amaçlanmıştır. 07-25.03.2016 tarihleri arasında yapılan çalışmanın örneklemi, toplamda 219 sağlık profesyonelinden oluşmaktadır. Çalışmanın verileri iki bölümden oluşan anket formu ile toplanmıştır. Anketin birinci bölümü demografik bilgileri içeren 16, ikinci bölümü ise araştırmacılar tarafından literatür taranarak hazırlanan, hemşire v...

  15. EBÛ'L-MUÃŽN EN-NESEFÃŽ'YE GÖRE MAHİYET, ARTMA VE AZALMA YÖNÜYLE İMAN

    OpenAIRE

    2012-01-01

    Abu'l-Muîn an-Nasafi probably made the most important contributions to thetheolological system of Matürîdî school. For this reason he is called second person inMaturîdî Kalam School. In this paper, first, after giving brief discussion on faith in generalwe will focused on definition of faith according to him. Second, we will try toexplain his views about the definition and essence of faith whether it increases anddecreases. Finally, we will summarize and critizize his views on this subject.Ke...

  16. LİBERALİZASYON SÜRECİNDE TÜRKİYE'DE DIŞ TİCARET HADLERİ TRENDİ VE DIŞ TİCARET HADLERİNDEKİ DEĞİŞMELERİN GELİR ETKİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. FAYSAL GÖKALP

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available 1980 sonrası dönemde korumacı politikalar yerine liberal (dışa açık ekono-mi politikaları uygulayan Türkiye’de, dış ticaret hadlerindeki değişmelerin gelir etkisinin hesaplanması, dış ticaretten kazançların bir göstergesi olduğu için, önem taşımaktadır. 1980-1998 döneminde, Nicholson yöntemi kullanıldığında, dış ticaret hadlerinin gelir etkisinin 6 862.5 milyon dolar olarak olumlu olduğu hesaplanmıştır. Ancak, Sachs-Dornbush yöntemi ile aynı dönemdeki gelir etkisi öçüldüğünde, dış ticaret hadlerindeki değişmelerin GSYİH’yı yıllık ortalama     -%0.24 oranında olum-suz yönde etkilediği hesaplanmıştır.

  17. AN ASSESSMENT ON UPPER KARABAKH ISSUE AND TURKEY-ARMENIA RELATIONS YUKARI KARABAĞ SORUNU VE TÜRKİYE-ERMENİSTAN İLİŞKİLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR DEĞERLENDİRME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa GÖKÇE

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Upper Karabakh issue has been one of the most important issues affecting stability in Caucasia after the fall of Soviets. In Karabakh which is a historical Turkish native country, Armenians were placed as from the Russia of Tsarizm and a region where the Armenians have a high population was created within the Azerbaijan lands. This field which is a mountainous region located in the upper parts of Karabakh is called Upper Karabakh or Nagorno- Karabakh. Due to the activities of Armenians settling in the region, conflicts started to happen as of the 19th Century and when came to 20th Century, these conflicts confronted us as a serious issue. During the fall of Soviets that have continued the population policies of the Russia of Tsarizm, the conflicts in Azerbaijan lands awaked again. In Upper Karabakh issue, Turkey has been seen as an important actor that would affect the process because of its historical and cultural bonds with Azerbaijan and also being a border neighbour to the region. While its military intervention in the region was discussed at the process when conflicts were experienced, Turkey has followed a more cautious policy and made efforts for solving the problem through peaceful ways at an international platform. Turkey, which is among the countries first recognizing the independencies of Azerbaijan and Armenia, has given importance to the Upper Karabakh issue in its relations with these countries. Being on the side of Azerbaijan, Turkey has closed the border of Armenia as a sanction. Within this scope, the relations started with Armenia were broken in a short time. And the steps taken towards normalizing the relations recently didn’t give any positive results due to the historical problems with Armenia and the continuation of occupancy in Azerbaijan lands. Yukarı Karabağ sorunu, Sovyetlerin çöküşünden sonra Kafkasya’daki istikrarı etkileyen sorunların başında yer almaktadır. Tarihi bir Türk yurdu olan Karabağ’a Çarlık Rusyası döneminden itibaren Ermeniler yerleştirilerek Azerbaycan toprakları içinde Ermenilerin yoğunlukta olduğu bir bölge oluşturulmuştur. Karabağ’ın üst kısımlarındaki dağlık bir yer olan bu bölge; Yukarı Karabağ veya Dağlık Karabağ olarak adlandırılmaktadır. Bölgeye yerleşen Ermenilerin faaliyetleri nedeniyle 19. yüzyıldan itibaren çatışmalar yaşanmaya başlamış, 20. asırda ise bu çatışmalar ciddi bir sorun olarak karşımıza çıkmıştır. Çarlık Rusyası’nın nüfus politikalarını devam ettiren Sovyetlerin çöküşü sırasında Azerbaycan topraklarındaki çatışmalar tekrar canlanmıştır. Yukarı Karabağ meselesinde Türkiye hem Azerbaycan ile olan tarihi ve kültürel bağları hem de bölgeye sınır komşusu olması nedeniyle sürece etki edecek önemli bir aktör olarak görülmüştür. Çatışmaların yaşandığı süreçte bölgeye askeri müdahalesi tartışılırken Türkiye, temkinli bir politika izleyerek sorunun uluslararası platformda barışçı yollardan çözülmesi için çalışmıştır. Azerbaycan ve Ermenistan’ın bağımsızlıklarını ilk tanıyan ülkeler arasında olan Türkiye, bu ülkelerle olan ilişkilerinde Yukarı Karabağ meselesini önemsemiştir. Azerbaycan tarafının yanında yer alan Türkiye, bir yaptırım olarak Ermenistan sınırını kapatmıştır. Bu çerçevede Ermenistan ile başlayan ilişkiler uzun sürmeden kesilmiştir. Son dönemde ilişkilerin normalleşmesi yolunda atılan adımlar da Ermenistan ile olan tarihi sorunlar ve Azerbaycan topraklarındaki işgalin devam etmesi nedeniyle olumlu bir netice vermemiştir.

  18. TEACHING TURKISH AS SPOKEN IN TURKEY TO TURKIC SPEAKERS - TÜRK DİLLİLERE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ÖĞRETİMİ NASIL OLMALIDIR?

    OpenAIRE

    Ali TAŞTEKİN

    2015-01-01

    Attributing different titles to the activity of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers is related to the perspective of those who conduct this activity. If Turkish Language teaching centres are sub-units of Schools of Foreign Languages and Departments of Foreign Languages of our Universities or teachers have a foreign language background, then the title “Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language” is adopted and claimed to be universal. In determining success at teaching and learning, the psycho...

  19. TEACHING TURKISH AS SPOKEN IN TURKEY TO TURKIC SPEAKERS - TÜRK DİLLİLERE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ÖĞRETİMİ NASIL OLMALIDIR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali TAŞTEKİN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Attributing different titles to the activity of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers is related to the perspective of those who conduct this activity. If Turkish Language teaching centres are sub-units of Schools of Foreign Languages and Departments of Foreign Languages of our Universities or teachers have a foreign language background, then the title “Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language” is adopted and claimed to be universal. In determining success at teaching and learning, the psychological perception of the educational activity and the associational power of the words used are far more important factors than the teacher, students, educational environment and educational tools. For this reason, avoiding the negative connotations of the adjective “foreign” in the activity of teaching foreigners Turkish as spoken in Turkey would be beneficial. In order for the activity of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers to be successful, it is crucial to dwell on the formal and contextual quality of the books written for this purpose. Almost none of the course books and supplementary books in the field of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers has taken Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers into consideration. The books written for the purpose of teaching Turkish to non-speakers should be examined thoroughly in terms of content and method and should be organized in accordance with the purpose and level of readiness of the target audience. Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers are still conducted at public and private primary and secondary schools and colleges as well as private courses by self-educated teachers who are trained within a master-apprentice relationship. Turkic populations who had long been parted by necessity have found the opportunity to reunite and turn towards common objectives after the dissolution of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This recent state of affairs resulting from the use of various alphabets such as Arabic, Kirill, Latin by Turkic republics that declared independence and by autonomous and semi-autonomous Turkic communities or Turkic minorities living in various regions in the World have risen the need for a common communicative language and alphabet among the cognate people of those communities. For this reason, Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers have gained a particular significance today. Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers is still handled within the scope of “Teaching Turkish to Foreigners” and people who have no background of Turkish language are given the same curriculum as Turkic speakers. This causes students who have zero Turkish language background and the ones who have the basic structural knowledge of the language at a native level to be given the same education in the same classroom environment and same tests. In these classrooms where the students’ levels of readiness vary dramatically, half of the students are unable to follow the lesson. While teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to the Turkic speakers, the equivalence level of the words in the dialect to be taught must be taken into consideration. You can teach someone who knows nothing about a subject better than the ones that have different or inaccurate knowledge of the subject. The same applies to teaching Turkish spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. In order to decide which of The Turkic dialects is to be the common communicative language, we must pay attention to factors such as the geographical size of the land that the dialect is spoken in, the domain, the level of appeal and the power of the dialect in visual and print media. As Turkish spoken in Turkey is number one in almost all of these factors, it should be the common communicative language among Turkic speakers. When taught consciously in a classroom environment, the similarities and associations between the dialects would help Turkic speakers to learn Turkish language more easily; but when neglected, the result would be the opposite. To form the first texts with the common words in Turkic dialects in the books to be written for Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers would facilitate language learning. There is a need for a systematic study in terms of every aspect such as the title, the common alphabet, the books and materials to be produced and teaching methods to be used in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers. The characteristics of Turkish dialect spoken in Turkey and other Turkic dialects are still not considered in the activities conducted on the subject; and the activity is considered as foreign language teaching instead of teaching another dialect of Turkish language. It is considered that Turkish as spoken in Turkey should be the common communicative language among the Turkish world and for this reason it is crucial to teach it to people who speak other dialects of Turkic languages. First of all, common and similar semantic, vocal and structural units in the dialects must be identified and texts and methods that emphasize these similarities must be determined. We can list the measures to be taken in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers as such: “1. In order to obtain efficiency in Turkish language teaching, it should be classified as native language teaching, teaching Turkish to bilinguals, teaching Turkish to foreigners and teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. 2. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers should be considered separately from general Turkish language teaching and methods specific to this field should be identified. 3. Instead of methods that have been used for years with no significant results, more authentic method such as creative writing should be used in teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. 4. In line with the idea that teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers, as the first stage, a course titled “Teaching Turkish to Turkic Speakers” should be added to the curriculum as well as the course “Teaching Turkish to Foreigners” at Turkish Language Teaching departments. And as the second stage, candidates to teach Turkish to Turkic speakers should be taught with a separate curriculum and under the roof of a different department in order to specialize in the field. 5. Lastly, publications regarding how to teach Turkish to Turkic speakers should not be prepared at a desk, but right on the field, practically, seeing the realities of the region.” (Yılmaz 2015 Furthermore, the fact that “Forming a common communicative language is possible by means of a single language that can communicate between all Turkic communities,” (Ercilasun 1992: 358 (Alioğlu 2013 must never be disregarded. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey should be divided into two main sections as “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Native Turkic speakers” and “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Non-native Speakers” and teaching methods and educational tools should be determined accordingly. “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Native Turkic speakers” should also be classified into groups. For example, under the sub title of “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers”, specific course books for “Azerbaijan Turks, Kirghiz Turks, Kazakh Turks, Uzbek Turks and Turkman Turks, etc.” should be prepared in order to teach them Turkish as spoken in Turkey. In addition, instead of grammar based methods, techniques that give grammatical knowledge subtly should be preferred in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers. While teaching Turkish to adults that come from various parts of the world with various language knowledge and skills, we should benefit from the power of pictures and shapes which are considered the common language of humankind. The sentence, which is the basic component that states a meaningful idea, should be taken as basis while teaching the language; and for the ones who do not know the Turkish alphabet, firstly letters, which are the smallest units of written language, should be comprehended by means of alphabets with pictures. Instead of making students memorize words, the meanings and forms of the words should be presented within the sentences while tenses and personal pronouns and endings should be comprehended within the sentence. While teaching sentences; first, correct pronunciation of the sentence, the meaning and correct articulation (first oral and then written of the sentence, and then how to analyse the sentence structure and produce similar sentences should be taught; stress, intonation and spelling rules should be comprehended by means of sentences. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers and Teaching Turkish to foreigners are still considered the same. A state policy has to be formed on this matter; the scope, content and teaching method of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers must be evaluated based on scientific criteria and measures must be taken in terms of professional Turkish language teaching. In a word, new measures must be taken and scientific studies must be conducted for the activity of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers in terms of fields varying from raising course teachers, producing course books, determining the method and location of the class to the production and selection of educational tools.

  20. HİLE ÜÇGENİ FAKTÖRLERİNİN KANAAT FONKSİYONLARI İLE TAYİNİ: BİR TÜRKİYE UYGULAMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alper KARAVARDAR

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı hile üçgeni faktörlerine ait belirsizliklerin gösterimi için matematik tabanlı bir çerçevenin, denetçilerden tarafından nasıl kullanılacağını göstermektir. Çalışmada Dempster-Shafer teorisi kanaat fonksiyonlarına dayalı olarak kurulmuş bir hile risk değerleme modeli kullanılmıştır. Çalışma yedi bölümden oluşmaktadır. Birinci bölümde hile ve kanaat fonksiyonları konularına kısaca değinilmiştir. İkinci bölümde kanaat fonksiyonlarının genel yapısı özetlenmiştir. Üçüncü bölümde çalışmada kullanılan hile risk değerleme modeli açıklanmıştır. Dördüncü bölümde hile üçgeni faktörleri ile genel denetim riski arasındaki ilişki gösterilmiştir. Beşinci bölümde kanaat fonksiyon tabanlı bir hile risk değerleme modeli, Türkiye’deki bir işletmenin stok ve maliyetler döngüsünün denetiminde kullanılmıştır. Altıncı bölümde yapılan uygulamaların sonuçları tartışılmıştır. Son bölümde çalışmanın genel bir değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır.

  1. COMPARING THE STRUCTURE OF COMPOUND SENTENCES BETWEEN KAZAKH AND TURKISH KAZAK TÜRKÇESİ VE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE BİRLEŞİK CÜMLE YAPILARININ KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekrem AYAN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This study compares and contrasts the compound sentence structure of Kazak Turkish and Turkey Turkish. It also evaluates the similarities and the differences between both dialects in terms of structure and classification. Firstly, there is an evaluation of the explanation and the definition with reference to the compound sentence structures of both dialects. Turkish literary works were used as the sources for the examples of compound sentences of Turkey Turkish; and one of the most significant Kazak novels “The Way of Abay” by Muhtar Avezov was deployed for the Kazak Turkish examples. Bu çalışmada Kazak Türkçesi ile Türkiye Türkçesinin birleşik cümle yapıları bakımından karşılaştırılması yapılmış ve iki lehçenin ortak ve farklı yönlerinin hem yapı hem de tasniflendirme bakımından değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Çalışmamızda öncelikle, her iki lehçenin birleşik cümle yapıları hakkında yapılan açıklama ve tanımlar değerlendirilmiştir. Bu açıklama ve tanımlara uygun örnek cümleleri seçerken Türkiye Türkçesi için, Türkçe edebî eserleri; Kazak Türkçesi için ise, Kazak Türkçesinin en önemli eserlerinden birisi olan Muhtar Avezov’un “Abay Yolu” romanı kullanılmıştır.

  2. Romantic Writing of Ivory Tower——On Ye Lingfeng's Sexual Novels%“象牙之塔的浪漫文字”——读叶灵凤的性爱小说

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古远清

    2011-01-01

    叶灵凤的小说是“象牙之塔的浪漫文字”,表现出一股为艺术而艺术的倾向,与“为人生”理论做依托的文学研究会的叶绍钧们大异其趣.但思想内涵不够深刻,反映的生活面过于狭窄,有些描写格调不高.

  3. 冷静批判下的浪漫书写--评叶弥长篇小说《美哉少年》%Dispassionate Criticism and Romantic Writing:Comment on Ye Mi’ s Novel Mei Zai Shao Nian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李姝铮

    2014-01-01

    The novel Mei Zai Shao Nian demonstrated the human nature alienated by the Cultural Revolution and the pursuit of an ideal spiritual home in the youngster.With dispassionate and objective perspective, romantic narrative and poetic language style, the novel presents the readers with the warmth of hope and the enjoyment of aesthetic beauty, revealing a unique creation and aesthetic style with a combination of dispassionate criticism and poetic narrative.%《美哉少年》以冷静客观的书写态度代替空泛的批评话语,以不动声色的姿态批判文革对人性的异化,同时也通过浪漫的叙述结构、诗性化的语言带给读者温暖的希望和艺术美的享受,显示出了作者冷静批判和诗性书写相融合的独特风格和审美旨趣。

  4. THE USAGE AND MEANING VARIETY OF THE +CA IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE +CA EKİNİN KULLANIM VE ANLAM ÇEŞİTLİLİĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    İbrahim TOSUN

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The suffix “+CA” used widely in every period of Turkish had the function of equality among case marker suffixes in the first scriptures. Today, it has both attained the aspect of being derivational affix widening usage and widened its usage of meaning in terms of concepts it matches. It can be proved that in written language of Turkish of Turkey this suffix is used in the function of derivational affix in a wide range and that it added different meanings to words considering the examples. Variety of functions and meanings of “+CA” in Turkish of Turkey it’s ability to combine and to form different words make it a function suffix, and besides it’s harmony with vowel harmony distinguishen it from Persian suffix +çe Today just a few words formed with this Persian suffix but not used in Turkish any more and which has no harmony with vowel harmony remained only in words. Türkçenin her döneminde işlek eklerden biri olarak kullanılan +CA eki ilk yazılı metinlerde ad durum ekleri arasında, eşitlik eki görevindedir. Bugüne gelinen süreçte bu ek hem kullanım alanını genişleterek yapım eki olma özelliği kazanmış, hem de karşıladığı kavramlar bakımından anlam alanını genişletmiştir. Türkiye Türkçesi ölçünlü dilinde bu ekin yaygın olarak yapım eki görevinde kullanıldığı ve sözcüklere farklı anlamlar kattığı, örneklerden yola çıkılarak kanıtlanabilmektedir. Türkiye Türkçesinde +CA ekinin görev ve anlam çeşitliliği, farklı türden sözcüklere ulanabilmesi ve değişik türden sözcükler türetebilmesi onu işlek bir ek haline getirirken; ünlü uyumlarına uyması ile de Farsça kökenli +çe ekinden ayrılmaktadır. Günümüzde bu Farsça ekle kurulmuş, Türkçede artık kullanım alanı bulamayan ve ünlü uyumlarına uymayan sınırlı sayıdaki sözcük sadece sözlüklerde kalmıştır.

  5. CCD video camera system in the assessment of balance function Ye Shuangying%使用CCD摄像仪检测系统测定老年人体平衡能力的敏感性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶双樱; 吴绍长; 潘君玲; 江依法; 周青

    2014-01-01

    目的 分析使用CCD摄像仪检测系统测定老年人平衡能力的敏感性,从而探讨其测定人体平衡功能的可能性. 方法 采用CCD摄像仪检测系统由CCD摄像仪.观察指标主要有:身体动摇角度(TSA)、身体动摇速度(TSS)和跌倒指数(FI).根据FI分为对照组和平衡功能障碍轻度、中度、重度组.平衡功能障碍组为丽水市第二人民医院老年科收治的脑血管意外患者42例,平均年龄(67.4±8.0)岁.对照组为健康体检志愿者42例,平均年龄(65.3±6.5)岁.所有参与者均Berg平衡量表评分,CCD摄像仪的测定TSA、TSS、FI,使用CCD摄像仪每人开眼(eo)检测3次,闭眼(ec)检测3次,取平均值. 结果 平衡功能障碍组与对照组相比,TSAeo、TSAec、TSSeo、TSSec、FIeo、FIec差异有统计学意义(P<0.01);Berg平衡量表评分差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).平衡功能障碍组中TSAeo、TSAec、TSSeo、TSSec轻度、中度、重度间均差异有统计学意义(P<0.05),重度与轻度间TSAeo、TSAec、TSSeo、TSSec有显著(P<0.01).Berg平衡量表评分重度与轻度间有差异(P<0.05). 结论 测定人体平衡功能CCD摄像仪检测系统敏感性较高,较Berg平衡量表CCD摄像仪具有更高的敏感度,值得临床推广.%Objective To probe into possibilities and sensitivity of CCD video camera system in the assessment of balance function.Methods The system is composed of a CCD video camera,a video image capture board and analysis software.Three indexes:Trunks,ayAngle (TSS Trunk Sway Speed(TSS) and fall index (FI).the normal group:FI≥I; mild group:0.7≤FI<I; moderate group:0.4≤FI<0.7; severe group:FI <0.4.Disorder of balance function group:42 patients with cerebrovascular accident,mean age of (67.4±8.0) years.Control group:42 healthy subjects,mean age of (65.3±6.5) years.All cases were measured by Berg balance scale and determinated three times by CCD video camera system with eye opening (eo) and eye closing(ec),and averaged.Results There were very significant differences in TSAeo,TSAec,TSSeo,TSSec,FIeo,FIec between disorder of balance function group and control group (P<0.01).as well as Berg balance scale (P<0.05).In disorder of balance function group,the differences among three groups were significant in TSAeo,TSAec,TSSeo,TSSec (P<0.05).There were significant differences in TSAeo,TSAec,TSSeo,TSSec between severe group and mild group (P<0.01) as well as in Berg balance scale (P<0.05).Conclusions CCD video camera system has a higher sensitivity in assessment of body,balance than Berg balance sca land great value in clinical application.

  6. 华语电影:语言、身份与工业——叶月瑜教授访谈录%Films in Chinese: Language, Identity and Industry: An Interview with Professor Ye Yueyu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐宏峰; 冯雪峰

    2011-01-01

    @@ 一、命名的因素 唐宏峰我们从"华语电影"这个概念谈起吧,这个概念大体是上世纪90年代初由台湾和香港的学者首先提出来,之后是您和鲁晓鹏(Sheldon Lu)编撰的(Chinese-language Film:Historiography,Poetics,Politics)一书的长篇导言,首次把"Chinese-language film"这个命名引入英语学界.

  7. RASİM ÖZDENÖREN VE FEODOR DOSTOYEVSKİ' NİN TAHKİYE ANLAYIŞI AÇISINDAN BİR KARŞILAŞTIRMA

    OpenAIRE

    ABİBULAYEVA, Lemana

    2006-01-01

    Çalışmamızın adı 'Rasim Özdenören ve Feodor Dostoyevski Arasında Tahkiye Anlayışı Bakımından Bir Karşılaştırma'dır. Bu çalışma, Türk öykücülerinden biri olan Rasim Özdenören ile Rus klasiklerinden Feodor Dostoyevski'nin eserlerini inceleyen bir mukayeseli edebiyat araştırmasıdır. Adı geçen yazarların tahkiye metinleri incelenmiş; mekân, zaman, olay örgüsü, şahıs kadrosu, konular, dil ve üslûp açısından değerlendirilmiştir. Ayrıca çalışmamızın sonunda Rasim Özdenören ile yaptığımız bir sö...

  8. 增液口服液治疗阴津亏损证367例的临床疗效分析%Analyse the clinic effect to treat the Yinjing Kuisun Zheng about 367 casos by Zeng ye Koufuye

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    游祖生; 冯品光; 陈登丰; 林毅宏

    2004-01-01

    目的观察增液口服液治疗外感发热阴津亏损证和阴津亏损证之便秘的疗效和安全性.方法口服增液口服液,一日3次,每次20ml,1周为1个疗程.结果中医证候疗效治愈率为30.25%,愈显效率为57.49%,总有效率为87.19%;两型中医证候疗效相似,治后各主要症状均有非常显著性改善.安全性检测表明,无明显的毒副作用.结论本品治疗外感发热阴津亏损证和阴津亏损证之便秘患者,疗效确切,安全无毒无副作用.

  9. 也论当代伊斯兰教的"圣战"观--兼与叶青先生商榷%On the Islamic View of "Jihad" --Discussion with Mr. Ye Qing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    方永; 刘再起

    2006-01-01

    2006年第1期发表了叶青先生.该文明确提出:伊斯兰教"并不存在""统一的圣战观".①本文则认为:伊斯兰教追求和平但不回避战争,不应否认"统一的"伊斯兰"圣战"观的存在.伊斯兰"圣战"观具有一般"圣战"观的根本特征:以"战"为实,以"圣"为名,强调战争的自卫性,在战争目的的神圣性下强调战争手段的道德性.伊斯兰教的"圣战"观可能被极端化,而且根源就在于伊斯兰教自身.但是,这种极端化的"圣战"观完全背离了伊斯兰教的本义.

  10. 廷边朝鲜旅饮食文化与旅游业发展研究%On Yanbian's Korean Food Culture And Tourism Ye Jia

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    叶嘉

    2012-01-01

    饮食文化是旅游餐饮业发展的灵魂支撑。延边拥有丰富的朝鲜族饮食文化资源,不仅为民族餐饮发展带来了不竭动力,也丰富了延边旅游文化资源。但延边朝鲜族饮食文化和企业文化培养不够完善,延边饮食文化旅游资源开发不成体系,民族餐饮业难以进行品牌建设,延边文化旅游特色明显却不被旅游者深刻体会。从而应提高延边旅游产品的服务质量,促进各民族之间饮食文化交流,弘扬延边朝鲜族饮食文化,拉动延边民族餐饮经济发展,形成延边地区支柱性产业链。%Food culture is the spirit of tourism catering. Yanbian is rich in Korea nationality food culture resources which not only provides endless energy for the development of ethnic catering but also enriches Yanbian's tourism resources. However, the food culture and toursim in Yanbian lacks systematic development and brand construction. We should improve the quality of tourism service, promote ethnic catering interactions, propagate Yanbian's Korea food culture and faeiliate the development of Yanbian;s catering industry.

  11. Determination of Lemon YeIIow,Rhodamine B and Acid Orange Ⅱ in Cayenne Pepper Products by High Performance Liquid Chromatography%HPLC测定辣椒面中柠檬黄、罗丹明B和酸性橙Ⅱ

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周良芹; 付大友; 谭文渊; 何于冰

    2016-01-01

    An analysis method is established for determination of 3 synthetic pigments including lemon yellow,Rhodamine B and acid orange Ⅱ in cayenne pepper products by high performance liquid chromatography with ultraviolet visible light detector.The samples are ultrasonically extracted using 50% methanol-water,and then use methanol and ammonium acetate for gradient elution.The retention time is used as qualitative analysis and peak area external standard is used as quantified detecting.The result shows that the linearity of lemon yellow,Rhodamine B and acid orange Ⅱ is better in range of 0.006~0.128 mg/mL,and R2≥0.9997.The average recoveries are 98.60%~102.58%,the relation standard deviation of detection is 1.6%~4.2% and the detection limit is 0.11~0.25 mg/kg.The method has the characteristics of high sensitivity,good repeatability, feasible and simple.It can be applied for the quantification of 3 synthetic pigments of lemon yellow, Rhodamine B and acid orange Ⅱin cayenne pepper products.%建立了一种同时测定辣椒制品中柠檬黄、罗丹明 B 和酸性橙Ⅱ的高效液相色谱方法。样品经50%的甲醇水溶液超声处理提取,以甲醇-乙酸铵溶液为流动相进行梯度洗脱,采用紫外检测器,保留时间定性,峰面积外标法定量检测。结果表明:上述3种色素在0.006~0.128 mg/mL的浓度范围内具有良好的线性关系,相关系数≥0.9997,加标回收率为98.60%~102.58%,相对标准偏差为1.6%~4.2%,检出限为0.11~0.25 mg/kg。该方法具有灵敏度高、重现性好、快速、简便的优点,适用于辣椒制品中柠檬黄、罗丹明B和酸性橙Ⅱ的同时测定。

  12. İKİZ AÇIK HİPOTEZİNİN GEÇERLİLİĞİNİN SINIR YÖNTEMİYLE SINANMASI: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    2014-01-01

    Twin deficit identity is used to refer to a nation’s current account deficits and a simultaneous fiscal deficit. The term became widely used in the 1980s until the 1990s.Chronic external deficit problems have been encountered since the adoption of the outward-oriented growth model for Turkish economy. This study aim the validity of twin deficits hypothesis (the relationship between the budget deficit and the current account deficit) by using the data period 1998:1-2012:3 in Turkey. The Public...

  13. Türkiye'de İktisadi Planlama : DPT'ye İhtiyaç Var mı? = Economic Planning in Turkey : Is There a Need for the State Planning Organization?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alkan SOYAK

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available IMF-World Bank's economic policies have been more closely applied in many developing economies since 1980's. Particularly, the practics of liberalization and privatization have been insisted by those institutions to many countries in the globalization process. Therefore national development plannig has lost its place in the increasingly globalized world. Consequently, there have been vital reflections of their insistent economic policies on Turkey's development strategy and planning actions. The aim of this study is to examine some effects of neo-liberal economic policies on the national development planning and the State Planning Organization in Turkey.

  14. İSTANBUL’DA BİR JAPON TARHÇİ- TOKUTOMI SOHÖ’NUN MEKTUPLARINDA ON DOKUZUNCU YÜZYIL TÜRKİYE İMGELER

    OpenAIRE

    Ali Volkan ERDEMİR

    2009-01-01

    Japonya'nın 19. yüzyılda Türkiye’yi daha yakından tanıma çabası içinde olduğu bilinen bir gerçektir. Bu dönemde, kısa bir süre İstanbul'da bulunmuş Japon tarihçi ve ga¬zeteci Tokutomi Sohö’nun, başbakan Okuma Shigenobu’ya yazdığı mektuplardaki Türkiye izlenimleri, o dönemde Japonya daki Türkiye bilgisinin niteliğini anlamak için büyük bir önem taşımaktadır. Bu makalede bu Japon entelektüelin İstanbul izlenimleri ve Türkler hakkındaki görüşü ele alınacak ve Japonya daki 19. yüzyl Tür...

  15. TÜRKİYE ÇİNGENELERİNİN POLİTİKLEŞMESİ VE ÖRGÜTLENME DENEYİMLERİ - THE POLITICIZATION OF THE GYPSIES IN TURKEY AND THEIR ORGANIZATION EXPERIMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Başak AKGÜL

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Türkiye’de Avrupa Birliği’ne uyum sürecindegerçekleştirilen reformlarla birlikte, örgütlenme özgürlüğününyasal alanı genişlemiş ve farklı kimliklere yeni ifade alanlarıaçılmıştır. Gerek bu sürecin bir ürünü olarak gündeme gelenimkanlar, gerekse kentsel dönüşüm projeleriyle beraberÇingenelerin yaşam alanının daralması, Çingene kimliğietrafında şekillenen bir örgütlenmeyi teşvik etmiştir. Buçalışmada, Türkiye’de yerel dernekler üzerinden gerçekleşenÇingene örgütlenmesinin genel seyri incelenmektedir. Bubağlamda, Avrupa’daki Çingene örgütlerinin genel eğilimininÇingeneleri etnik bir grup olarak değerlendirmek yönündeolduğu ve bir azınlık kimliğine atıf yaptığı, Türkiye Çingeneörgütlerinin ise topluluğu “Türk ulusunun bir parçası” olaraktanımladığı ve bu çerçevede ulusal vatandaşlık haklarınıntalebi ekseninde şekillenen bir duruş ortaya koyduğu iddiaedilmektedir.Abstract:Due to the reforms which were implemented inTurkey during the integration period with the EuropeanUnion, the legal sphere of the freedom of association wasextended and the representation of various identities wereenabled. The organizations that are based on Gypsy identityare one of the results of this process. Furthermore, therestriction of the Gypsies’ living space as a consequence ofurban transformation projects was one of the dynamics thatfostered their organization. In this study, the general story ofthe Gypsy organization in Turkey which was performedthrough the local associations is scrutinized. In this regard, itis asserted that, the Gypsy organizations in Europe evaluatethe Gypsies as an ethnic group and refer to a minority identity;whereas the Gypsy organizations in Turkey consider thecommunity as “a constituent of Turkish nation” and take aposition which is shaped within the framework of nationalcitizenship rights.

  16. IN RUSSIA THE DICTIONARY COMPILED FROM PUBLIC DIALECT AND ITS CONTRUTION TO TURKOLOGY RUSYA’DA HALK AĞZINDAN DERLEME SÖZLÜĞÜ VE TÜRKOLOJİYE KATKISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muvaffak DURANLI

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The compilation studies carried out at the field occupy a significant place among the language studies as well as on-the-desk works. As in worldwide, Russian compilation studies were carried out in late 1800s sometimes by scientists and sometimes by amateurs by taking small scale regions as a basis. In these small scale compilation studies those words included in dialects spoken in the ragion and not used in the common Russian have drawn Russian scietific circles’ attention. Yet a compiled dictionary work at a scientific level was carried out in 1965. This compilation dictionary we will attempt to introduce is being taken as a primary source in the works by Russian scietists on topics such as dialect features. However, this compilation dictionary has also the quality to be taken as a source by Turkologs since it shows Turkisms prevalent in dialects and how they are used in Russian dialects by undergoing differentiation. Dil çalışmalarında masa başı incelemelerin yanı sıra sahada yapılan derleme çalışmaları da önemli bir yere sahiptir. Bütün dünyada olduğu gibi Rusya’da da derleme çalışmaları 1800’lü yılların sonunda küçük ölçekli bölgeler baz alınarak bazen amatörler bazen de bilim adamları tarafından gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu küçük ölçekli derleme çalışmalarında bölgede konuşulan ağızlarda yer alan ve ortak Rusça’da kullanılmayan kelimeler Rus bilim çevreleri tarafından ilgiyle karşılanmıştır. Bilimsel düzeyde bir halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü çalışması ise ancak 1965 yılında hayata geçirilmiştir. Tanıtmaya çalışacağımız bu derleme sözlüğü, ağız özellikleri gibi konularda Rus bilim adamlarının çalışmalarında birincil bir kaynak olarak ele alınmaktadır. Fakat aynı zamanda bu derleme sözlüğü ağızlarda yaygın olan Türkizmler ve Türkizmlerin Rusça’nın ağızlarında nasıl değişime uğrayarak kullanıldığını göstermesi açısından da Türkologlar tarafından bir kaynak olarak ele alınabilecek niteliktedir.

  17. THE COMPARATION OF TWO STORIES FROM THE ASPECT OF EXISTANS AND TIME: “ON İKİYE BİR VAR”(Haldun TANER AND “İNSANLAR VE SAATLER”(Bahaeddin ÖZKİŞİ / VARLIK VE ZAMAN BAĞLAMINDA İKİ HİKÂYENİN MUKAYESESİ: “ON İKİYE BİR VAR”(Haldun TANER ve “İNSANLAR VE SAATLER”(Bahaeddin ÖZKİŞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Faruk GÜLER

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Haldun Taner and Bahaeddin Özkişi are two important writers of the Turkish story writing. They have their own special style in story writing and philosophy of life that distinguished them from others. In these two writers’ stories, who have given important works in the sort of story, titled “On İkiye Bir Var” and “İnsanlar ve Saatler” there are similarities and differances which will be explained in terms of existance and time in the aspect of the comparative literature.

  18. New and Improved Solar Radiation Models for GPS Satellites Based on Flight Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-04-12

    Bar-Sever, Y.E., A New Model for GPS Yaw Attitude, Journal of Geodesy , 70, pp 714-723, 1996. Bar-Sever, Y.E., Strategies for Near Real Time...1983. Watkins, M.M, Bar-Sever, Y.E., Yuan, D-N, Evaluation of GPS orbital Ephemerides with Satellite laser Ranging, Journal of geodesy , 1997

  19. Too early to dismiss Yersinia enterocolitica infection in the aetiology of Graves' disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Thomas H; Hansen, Pia S; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) infection has long been implicated in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD). The association between YE and GD could, however, also be due to common genetic or environmental factors affecting the development of both YE infection and GD. This potential...

  20. Voice across Genre: Does It Have to Come from Space to Be Heard?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Solomon, Sylvia

    1992-01-01

    Discusses the ways in which intellectual disciplines as varied as literature, fine arts, history, sociology, and biology are biased in terms of gender. Frames the discussion in terms of the educational experiences of female schoolchildren like Roberta Bondar (a Canadian astronaut). (RS)

  1. Symptoms and sources of Yersinia enterocolitica-infection: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siitonen Anja

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Yersinia enterocolitica (YE is the causative agent of yersiniosis. YE encompass strains of diverse pathogenicity: YE biotypes 1B and 2-5 are considered pathogenic, whereas biotype 1A is in general considered nonvirulent. Also YE-like species, which can sometimes be misidentified as YE, are considered nonvirulent. Methods In order to study differences in clinical picture caused by different YE types and their possible sources a case-control study was conducted in 2006. In this case-control study, 295 case-patients with YE or YE-like finding and their 758 controls responded to the questionnaire about symptoms and possible sources of infection. Results Strains of pathogenic YE bio/serotypes 3-4/O:3 or 2/O:9 were found in 18%, YE biotype 1A in 65% and YE -like strains of 17% of the patients. Patients infected with the strains of pathogenic YE bio/serotypes were younger and had fever more often than those with BT 1A who suffered more from vomiting. Symptoms of reactive arthritis were reported by 10% of pathogenic YE infections, 3% of YE BT 1A, and 0.3% of the controls. Eating or tasting raw or medium done pork was a significant risk factor for pathogenic YE bio/serotype infection (OR 6.6; 95% CI 1.7-24.9 as well as eating in a canteen (OR 3.5; 95% CI 1.6-7.9. Imported fruits and berries were associated with increased risk of YE BT 1A finding. Conclusions The symptoms of the patients with YE BT 1A differed from yersiniosis caused by the classic pathogenic YE bio/serotypes. In addition, the patients with YE BT 1A had more protracted gastrointestinal disorders and unspecific complaints. Small children were overrepresented in classic pathogenic bio/serotypes while in BT 1A or YE-like species were not found among children younger than two years. This suggests the lacking virulence of the BT 1A strains. We can not, however, rule out the possibility that some strains of genetically heterogeneous group of BT 1A may cause an illness.

  2. Mononuclear phagocytes contribute to intestinal invasion and dissemination of Yersinia enterocolitica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsler-Hake, Doreen; Alamir, Hanin; Hahn, Julia; Günter, Manina; Wagner, Samuel; Schütz, Monika; Bohn, Erwin; Schenke-Layland, Katja; Pisano, Fabio; Dersch, Petra; Autenrieth, Ingo B; Autenrieth, Stella E

    2016-09-01

    Enteropathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye) enters the host via contaminated food. After colonisation of the small intestine Ye invades the Peyer's patches (PPs) via M cells and disseminates to the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), spleen and liver. Whether Ye uses other invasion routes and which pathogenicity factors are required remains elusive. Oral infection of lymphotoxin-β-receptor deficient mice lacking PPs and MLNs with Ye revealed similar bacterial load in the spleen 1h post infection as wild-type mice, demonstrating a PP-independent dissemination route for Ye. Immunohistological analysis of the small intestine revealed Ye in close contact with mononuclear phagocytes (MPs), specifically CX3CR1(+) monocyte-derived cells (MCs) as well as CD103(+) dendritic cells (DCs). This finding was confirmed by flow cytometry and imaging flow cytometry analysis of lamina propria (LP) leukocytes showing CD103(+) DCs and MCs with intracellular Ye. Uptake of Ye by LP CD103(+) DCs and MCs was dependent on the pathogenicity factor invasin, whereas the adhesin YadA was dispensable as demonstrated by Ye deletion mutants. Furthermore, Ye were found exclusively associated with CD103(+) DCs in the MLNs from wild-type mice, but not from CCR7(-/-) mice, demonstrating a CCR7 dependent transport of Ye by CD103(+) DCs from LP to the MLNs. In contrast, dissemination of Ye to the spleen was dependent on MCs as significantly less Ye could be recovered from the spleen of CX3CR1(GFP/GFP) mice compared to wild-type mice. Altogether, MCs and CD103(+) DCs contribute to immediate invasion and dissemination of Ye. This together with data from other bacteria suggests MPs as general pathogenic entry site in the intestine.

  3. Effects of adding yeast cell walls and Yucca schidigera extract to diets of layer chicks.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gurbuz, E; Balevi, T; Kurtoglu, V; Oznurlu, Y

    2011-10-01

    This research was conducted to determine the impact of diet supplementation with yeast cell walls and Yucca schidigera extract on the growth performance, antibody titres, and intestinal tissue histology of layer chicks. White, 1-d-old, Hy-Line hybrid chicks (n = 840) were divided into 4 main groups, each comprising 7 replicates of 30 chicks (n = 210): (1) control; (2) 1000 mg/kg yeast cell walls (YCW) added; (3) 1000 mg/kg Yucca schidigera extract (YE) added; and (4) 500 mg/kg YE + 500 mg/kg YCW added. The trial lasted 60 d. Daily weight gain of the chicks was positively affected between d 45-60 in the YE and YCW + YE groups compared with the control group. Overall, feed consumption did not differ between the control and YCW, YE, YCW + YE groups during the 60 d study period. Feed efficiency was better in the YE and YCW + YE groups than in the control group between d 1-60. During the 60 d evaluation period, live weight gain, and final live weight were higher in YE and YCW + YE groups than in the control group. Antibody titres against infectious bronchitis and infectious bursal disease did not differ among the 4 treatments, but those for Newcastle disease were higher in the YE + YCW groups than in the control, YCW and YE groups on d 45. There were differences in intestinal histomorphometry between the 4 treatments. The height of the jejunal and ileal villi was greater in the YE and YCW + YE groups than in the control and YCW groups. It can be concluded that YCW and YE supplementation for layer chicks is beneficial for growth performance and intestinal histology during the 1-60 d growing period.

  4. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 66, July-August 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-09-01

    Ye.L. Saldin (79). Use of a free-electron laser for generation of high-energy opposed photon beams. Institut yadernoy fiziki SOAN. Preprint (in Engl...28 SIDORYUK 0 YE 103 SAGINURI M I 6 SHCHELKUNOV K N 54 SILAKOV V p 15 SAIDOV R P 1 SHCHERBAKOV I A 2,3,42 SILAYEVA N B 90 SALDIN YE L 44 43,46 SILIN P

  5. Differentiation between serological responses to Brucella suis and Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O : 9 after natural or experimental infection in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jungersen, Gregers; Sørensen, Vibeke; Giese, Steen Bjørck

    2006-01-01

    responses in a YeO:9-purified O-antigen indirect ELISA did not decrease accordingly. Analysis of available cross-sectional serum samples from pig herds naturally infected with YeO: 9 or B. suis biovar 2 confirmed that the observed difference in the duration of the serological responses between the two...... infections could be used to discriminate between herds infected with B. suis biovar 2 and YeO:9....

  6. Reaalsust taltsutades / Jean-Louis Poitevin ; tõlk. Mailis Seero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poitevin, Jean-Louis

    2008-01-01

    Läti, leedu ja eesti kunstnike ühisnäitus Pariisi Cite Internationale des Arts'is kuni 26. X. Kuraatorid: Aili Vahtrapuu, Liena Bondare, Birute Pankunaite. Miks Mitrevicsi, Inta Brunina, Laura Garbshtiene, Reiu Tüüri, Anu Kalmu, Peeter Alliku, Urmas Viigi, Anu Põdra, Jüri Ojaveri, Jaanus Samma, Ene-Liis Semperi, Mari-Liis Tammi, Angelika Schneideri ja Virge Jõekalda töödest

  7. JPRS Report, East Europe

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    cooperation conven- tion between the Institute of Historical and Social- Political Sciences [IHSPS] of the RCP Central Commit- tee and the Institute...stressed at the CPSU Central Commit- tee plenum of June 1987, V.l. Bondar stated, the changes that are being implemented cannot be carried out with...shoes], tennis shirts , underwear, and many other prod- ucts are being sold in our voivodship without mediation by foreign trade agencies. They are

  8. Reaalsust taltsutades / Jean-Louis Poitevin ; tõlk. Mailis Seero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poitevin, Jean-Louis

    2008-01-01

    Läti, leedu ja eesti kunstnike ühisnäitus Pariisi Cite Internationale des Arts'is kuni 26. X. Kuraatorid: Aili Vahtrapuu, Liena Bondare, Birute Pankunaite. Miks Mitrevicsi, Inta Brunina, Laura Garbshtiene, Reiu Tüüri, Anu Kalmu, Peeter Alliku, Urmas Viigi, Anu Põdra, Jüri Ojaveri, Jaanus Samma, Ene-Liis Semperi, Mari-Liis Tammi, Angelika Schneideri ja Virge Jõekalda töödest

  9. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 62, November-December 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-10-30

    Saldin (79). Acceleration of electrons by an electromagnetic wave in an undulator. Institut yadernoy fiziki SOAN. Preprint, no. 58, 1982, 22 p. (RZhF...Ye.A. Saldin (0). Laser method for obtaining polarized electrons and positrons in ’torage devices. Sb 38, 268-277. (RZhF, 11/82, IIV488) 630. Dneprovskiy...38 SALDIN YE A 38 BRAADDURAKRNANOVA N BH 27 RAZUMOVA I K 38 BALDIN YE L 43 SHABANOV V F 95 RAZUMOVA T K 97 SAL6 KOV YE A 97 SHABLIT I YU1 1RAZZIIIVIN

  10. Soviet Union, Military Affairs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-06-05

    Avsenev, Ye. Bold Girl 5 Azov , D. And in Turkmenian—"Dost" 14 Alekseyev, Ye. Not for Titles—For Battle 23 Andryushkov, A. "Master" of the Pair 2...Did Not Meet the Standard 7 Sergeyev, S. The Chlorinator Room Requires Improvement 12 Sizikov, A. Heat Protects.. . Film 8 Stefyuk, N. Are the

  11. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 88, March - April 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-03-03

    OPMPA, no. 4, 1987, 15-17. 651. Korzhov, Ye.I.; Oparin , A.N.; Polezhayev, V.V.; Potaturkin, 0.1. (). Multichannel holographic intensity correlator...NESHIMENKO YU P 26 OPARIN A N 77 140SKVITINA YE N 79 NESTERENKO A A 21 OPRAN M 32 MOSTEPANENKO V M 113 NESTEROVA Z V 60 ORAYEVSKIf A N 27 MOSTOVNIKOV V

  12. Use of yeast cell walls and Yucca schidigera extract in layer hens’ diets

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasemin Oznurlu

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available This research was conducted to determine the impact of diet supplementation with yeast cell walls (YCW and Yucca schidigera extract (YE on performance, egg weight, specific gravity, body weight, and intestinal tissue hist­ology in layer hens. White, 48-week-old, Hy-line hybrid hens (n=320 were divided into four main groups, each comprising eight groups of 10 hens: (1 control, (2 500 mg/kg YCW added, (3 500 mg/kg YE added and (4 250 mg/kg YE plus 2500 mg/kg YCW added. While the egg production and feed intake of the hens was significantly affected, overall feed efficiency, damaged-egg ratio, dirty-egg ratio, egg weight and specific gravity did not differ between the control group and the YCW, YE or YCW+YE groups. Final body weight was higher in the YCW, YE and YCW+YE groups than in the control group. There were differences in the width, muscle layer thickness and height/crypt depth ratio of the duodenal villus and the width of the ileal villus among the four groups. It can be concluded that YCW and YCW+YE supplementation for layer hens are beneficial for egg production.

  13. Prevalence, serotype, virulence characteristics, clonality and antibiotic susceptibility of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from swine feces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Introduction: Swine are the only known animal reservoir of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE), a human pathogen. Since YE is a fecal organism of swine, the primary goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, serotype, virulence plasmid (pYV)-associated characteristics, clonality, and antibiotic su...

  14. Hooke's memorandum on the development of orbital dynamics

    OpenAIRE

    Nauenberg, Michael

    2005-01-01

    I discuss a memorandum entitled " A True state of the Case and Controversy between Sir Isaak Newton and Dr. Robert Hooke as the Priority of that Noble Hypothesis of motion of ye Planets about ye Sun as their Centers", where Hooke summarizes his life long contributions to the development of the physics of orbital motion and the universal theory of gravitation

  15. A real-time PCR assay for the specific identification of serotype O : 9 of Yersinia enterocolitica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, N.R.; Bogdanovich, T.; Skurnik, M.

    2005-01-01

    A real-time PCR assay was developed based on a 18 1 -bp fragment of the recently cloned per gene, including an internal amplification control (124 bp), for the detection of Yersinia enterocolitica 0:9 (Ye 0:9). The validation included 48 Ye 0:9, 33 Y enterocolitica non-0:9 and 35 other closely...

  16. Differentiation between serological responses to Brucella suis and Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O : 9 after natural or experimental infection in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jungersen, Gregers; Sørensen, Vibeke; Giese, Steen Bjørck

    2006-01-01

    with responses of B. suis biovar 2-inoculated pigs. FPSR were limited to 2-9 weeks post-YeO:9 inoculation, while B. suis-infected pigs were test-positive throughout the 21-week period of investigation. Although YeO:9-inoculated pigs exhibited FPSR in Brucella tests for a limited period of time, the serological...

  17. 汉语流行口语——“弯子”类(英文)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    You Are Here Too! 你也来了! Ni ye lai le! The word "也ye," which literally means "also" or "too," has many uses. However, in spoken Chinese, it implies "should not" or "inopportune," which cannot be found in dictionaries.

  18. Uluslararası Finansal Raporlama Standartlarının Finansal Analize Etkisi: İMKB’ye Yönelik Bir Araştırma = The Impact of International Financial Reporting Standards on Financial Analysis: A Study on IMKB (Istanbul Stock Exhange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali İhsan AKGÜN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The information in financial statements should be correct, comprehensible and comparable enough, in terms of financial analysis, to fulfill the needs of financial information users. When different purposes of financial statement users are taken into consideration, Turkish Accounting Standards (TAS and Turkish Financial Reporting Standards (TFRS applications have important impacts on financial statements of enterprises and the analysis of these statements. In the actual study, the impact of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS on the financial statement analysis of enterprises registered in Istanbul Stock Exchange (IMKB was examined. The study, the effect of IFRS on the enterprises registered in IMKB was examined thorough a questionnaire. Factor analysis was made on the SPSS 19 statistics program.

  19. 论一叶诗的艺术特色及诗学传承--纪念抗日烈士王荫南殉难61周年%On the Artistic Characteristics and Transmission of Yi Ye's Poetry--To the Memory of the 61st Anniversary of the Death of the Anti-Japanese Martyr Wang Yinnan

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姚莹; 汤梓顺

    2005-01-01

    这里对一叶诗的艺术特色从不同侧面作了扼要阐释.首先引入"诗史"的概念,从外延和内涵两个方面予以定义,以严密的逻辑思维界定一叶诗符合"诗史"的必充条件.在此基础上从美学的观点出发,论证了一叶诗以悲愁为美的艺术心理.诗的语言是意象语言,同时对一叶诗的意象营构做了深入的分析,在阐述过程中既遵循了中国诗歌评论的理论体系,又吸收了西方评论家关于"意象"的精辟论述.在讨论一叶诗的继承时,融道德继承与艺术继承于一体,突出了诗人伟大的爱国主义情操和以身殉国的民族气节.

  20. ULUSLARARASI ÇALIŞMA ÖRGÜTÜ (ILO VE ULUSLARARASI SOSYAL GÜVENLİK TEŞKİLATI (ISSA TARAFINDAN YAYINLANAN ULUSLARARASI BELGELERDE SOSYAL GÜVENLİĞİN KAPSAMI VE TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cenkhan ALTINTAŞ

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sosyal güvenlik hakkının, evrensel insan haklarından biri olarak kabul edilmesinden bu yana, sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesine yönelik çabalar giderek artmıştır. Uluslararası boyutlara varan bu çabalar, özellikle düşük gelire sahip bireylerin malullük, yaşlılık, ölüm, analık, hastalık, iş kazası ve meslek hastalığı gibi temel sosyal risklere karşı güvence altına alınması üzerine odaklanmaktadır. Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü (ILO ve Uluslararası Sosyal Güvenlik Teşkilatı (ISSA, sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesi noktasında uluslararası düzeyde çalışmalar yapmakta ve ortaya koydukları parametrelerle sosyal güvenliğin kapsamına ilişkin olarak uluslararası standartlar geliştirmektedirler. Özellikle sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının sınırlı seviyede olduğu düşük ve orta gelire sahip ülkelerde sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesine yönelik bir takım tavsiyeleri de içeren bu tarz çalışmalar, ülkelerin sosyal güvenliğin kapsamını genişletme girişimlerine yardımcı olmakta ve bir nevi rehber olma niteliği taşımaktadır. Bu bağlamda, çalışmada öncelikle ILO ve ISSA’nın sosyal güvenliğin kapsamına ilişkin olarak uluslararası metinlerle ortaya koydukları kavramlar ve parametrelere yer verilmektedir. Diğer bir başlıkta ise Türkiye’de sosyal güvenliğin kapsamı ILO ve ISSA’nın ortaya koyduğu parametreler çerçevesinde ele alınmaktadır.

  1. 如何抓紧抓好党章的学习贯彻--访著名党章研究专家叶笃初教授%How to Pay Close Attention and Do a Good Job of the Study and Implementation of the Constitution Of CPC--An Interview With the Famous Expert on Party Constitution, Professor Ye Duchu

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘爽

    2006-01-01

    @@ 今年1月6日,胡锦涛总书记在中纪委第六次全体会议上发表了重要讲话(以下简称讲话),对学习贯彻党章提出了新的更高要求.为全面深刻理解胡锦涛总书记重要讲话的精神实质,本刊记者采访了我国著名党建理论教育家、著名党章理论研究专家、中共中央党校教授叶笃初.

  2. A STUDY ON ANTONYMOUS RELATIONS IN TURKEY TURKISH PROVERBS AND IDIOMS TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ATASÖZÜ VE DEYİMLERİNDE KARŞIT ANLAMLILIK İLİŞKİLERİ ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available A relationship established by and between antonymous words is defined as antonymy. Such relationships are founded on the same logic; however, the building blocks and links between them are different. The present study on Turkey Turkish proverbs and idioms aims to handle antonymous relations under five headings, namely structural, substitutional, reversive, converse (relational, and complementary. The headings were identified as: Structural antonymy, under which nouns and verbs are treated based on their affirmative and negative senses. Substitutional antonymy refers to replacement of a component in a sentence. Reversives means a relationship established between a verb/noun and its reverse counterpart. Converse antonymy is built upon the position of similar and different elements. Complementary antonymy rests on the elimination of deficiencies. Accordingly, Turkey Turkish proverbs and idioms have been examined and detailed under the corresponding headings. It can be concluded that antonymy fulfils such functions as organizing comparative narration at sentence level, structures of change, generalisation, and imperatives, agreement and links between constituents; as well as determining and ordering negated meaning, direction, communication, description, and preference. Anlamı birbirine karşıt olan sözcüklerin kurduğu ilişkiye, karşıt anlamlılık denir. Bu ilişkiler, aynı temel mantıkla kurulur. Ancak kurucu unsurlar ve bunların ilişkileri, farklıdır. Türkiye Türkçesi atasözü ve deyimleri üzerine yapılmış bu çalışma, karşıtlık ilişkilerini yapısal, değişimsel, çevriksel, konumsal ve bütüncül olmak üzere beş başlıkta incelemiştir. Bu beş başlık, şu şekilde belirlenmiştir: İsim ve fiillerin olumlu ve olumsuz yönleriyle ele alındığı yapısal karşıtlık. Başka bir unsurla yer değiştirme şeklindeki değişim tarzı karşıtlık. Bir isim veya fiille, onların tersinin kurduğu karşıtlık ilişkisi şeklindeki çevriksel karşıtlık. Farklı ve benzer unsurların konumuna dayalı, konumsal karşıtlık. Eksiklerin giderilmesi şeklinde bütüncül karşıtlık. Böylece Türkiye Türkçesi atasözü ve deyimleri incelenerek, bu üst başlıklar altında ayrıntılara ulaşılmıştır. Sonuçta karşıt anlamlılığın cümle düzleminde karşılaştırmalı anlatımı, değişim, genelleme ve emir yapılarını, parçalar arası uyum ve bağları düzenleme; olumsuz anlam, yön, iletişim, niteleme, tercih belirleme ve sıralama gibi işlevlere sahip olduğu belirlenmiştir.

  3. VİRAL PAZARLAMANIN SOSYAL PAYLAŞIM SİTELERİNE ÜYE OLAN KULLANICILAR ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİNİ İNCELEYEN PİLOT BİR ÇALIŞMA - A PILOT STUDY ON EFFECTS OF VIRAL MARKETING ON SOCIAL WEB SITES USERS

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    Serpil ÜNAL

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:İnternet kullanımının artması sonucunda önemi artansosyal paylaşım siteleri ile ilginç iletilerin kişiler ya da gruplararasında paylaşımından yararlanan “viral pazarlama”pazarlama literatürüne giren yeni kavramlar arasındadır.Tüketiciler, genellikle arkadaşlarından gelen bir elektronikposta mesajını en güvenilir kaynak olarak gördüklerindenviral kampanyaların sosyal paylaşım sitelerindeki dolaşımıkolaylaşmaktadır. Viral pazarlama, ağızdan ağza iletişiminelektronik şekli olarak tanımlanabilir. Dijital teknolojininyararları sonucunda gelişmiş ve ağızdan ağza iletişimin kritikbir elektronik versiyonu olarak da adlandırılabilir.Bu çalışmanın ana amacı viral pazarlama uygulamalarınınetkinliğini ölçmektir. Araştırma İzmir ili içerisinde çeşitli yaş,meslek ve gelir grubundaki 236 kişi üzerinde viral pazarlamauygulamalarına yönelik yüz yüze anket çalışması ilegerçekleştirilmiştir. Yapılan araştırma sonucundakatılımcıların sosyal paylaşım siteleri içerisinde en çokfacebook ve msn’i kullandıkları, viral kampanyalar içindekomik şakalardan daha fazla etkilendikleri görülmüştür.Ayrıca katılımcıların yaklaşık %64’ünün viralkampanyalardan etkilenerek alışveriş yapması ve %72’sinin debu kampanyaları başkaları ile paylaşmaları araştırmasonucunda elde edilen önemli bir bulgudur. Yapılanistatistiksel analiz sonuçlarına göre, 18-28 yaş dilimindekikatılımcıların, meslek dilimlerinden öğrenci ve serbest meslekgruplarının ve gelir dilimleri daha yüksek olan bireylerin diğergruplara kıyasla e-postalardan daha fazla etkilenerek alışverişyaptıkları saptanmıştır. Kısacası, belirli gruplar için viralpazarlama uygulamalarının oldukça uygun olabileceğiaraştırma sonucunda elde edilen bir bulgudur. Sosyalpaylaşım sitelerinin Türkiye’de kullanımı giderek yaygınlaştığıiçin, viral pazarlama daha etkili bir pazarlama çeşidi olarakkarşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle araştırma sonucunda eldeedilen bulguların, Türk firmalarının pazarlamafaaliyetlerindeki etkinliğini arttırmaları konusunda bir rehberolabileceği düşünülmektedir.Abstract:“Viral marketing” which benefits from the socialnetworking sites the importance of which has increased as aresult of the increase in internet usage and which benefitsfrom the fact that the interesting messages are shared betweenpeople or groups is among the new terms entering themarketing literature. As the consumers regard an e-mail sentto them by their friends as the most reliable source, thecirculation of the viral campaigns in social networking sites ismade easy. Viral marketing can be defined as the electronicform of word-of-mouth communication. It can be described asa critical electronic form of word-of-mouth communicationand it can be accepted to have been an improved as a result ofthe benefits of digital technology. The main purpose of thisresearch is to measure the efficiency of viral marketingpractices. The research has been carried out on 236 peoplefrom different age, occupation and income groups in theprovince of Izmir with face-to-face questionnaire relating toviral marketing practices. As a result of the researchconducted, it is seen that among the social networking sites theparticipants used facebook and msn the most and among viralcampaigns they were affected by funny jokes more. Also it is asignificant finding obtained out of the research that around 64% of the participants were affected by viral campaigns and didshopping and that 72 % of the participants share thesecampaigns with others. According to the results of thestatistical analysis performed, the participants who are on the18-28 age group, the students & the self-employed and thosewho have higher incomes have been determined to doshopping by being more influenced by e-mails compared toother groups. In short, it is a finding obtained from theresearch that viral marketing applications could be verysuitable for certain groups. As the usage of social networkingsites is becoming more and more widespread in Turkey, viralmarketing is emerging as a more influential marketing type.For this reason, it is thought that the findings obtained out ofthe research could be a guide in increasing the efficiency ofTurkish firms in marketing activities.

  4. LETTER IN THE DIVANS BY ALİ ŞÎR NEVÂYÎ: FROM THE LOVER TO THE BELOVED AND VICE VERSA ALİ ŞÎR NEVÂYÎ’NİN DİVANLARINDA MEKTUPLAŞMA: ÂŞIKTAN SEVGİLİYE, SEVGİLİDEN ÂŞIĞA

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    Tülay GENÇTÜRK DEMİRCİOĞLU

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Concerning the relationships between the lover and the beloved in classical Turkish literature, one of the indications of falling in love is the lover’s communication with the beloved by letter. This paper examines how Ali Şîr Nevâyî, a well-known Chagatai poet who had a remarkable influence on classical Turkish literature, exercised the letter metaphor by focusing on his four divans: Garâibü’s-sıgar, Nevâdirü’ş-şebâb, Bedâyiü’l-vasat. The main argument of the present paper is that the letter metaphore was extremely used in the divans by Nevâyî in comparison to Ottoman poets of classical literature, and that this is due to utmost importance Nevâyî gives to composing yek-ahenk gazals. Klasik Türk edebiyatının aşk-âşık-maşuk üçgeninde âşıklığın göstergelerinden biri de sevgili ve âşığın mektuplaşmasıdır. Bu makalede klasik Türk edebiyatında etkisi büyük olan Çağatay şairi Ali Şîr Nevâyî’nin dört divanı Garâibü’s-sıgâr, Nevâdirü’ş-şebâb, Bedâyiü’l-vasat ve Fevâyidü’l-kiber taranmış, şiirlerinde mektup kavramı bütün yönleriyle; vasıfları, çeşitleri, ilgili teşbihler ve mektuplaşma geleneği incelenmiştir. Makale, bu kavramın Nevâyî’nin divanlarında Anadolu sahasındaki Türk şairlerine kıyasla daha geniş yer bulduğunu, bunun nedeninin de şairin yek-ahenk gazel yazmaya verdiği önemden kaynaklandığını ileri sürmektedir.

  5. AN ANALYSE ABOUT THE WORDS WHICH INDICATE SITUATION CHANGE IN TURKEY’S TURKISH LANGUAGE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE DURUM DEĞİŞİKLİĞİ GÖSTEREN KELİMELER ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

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    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available Some pure verbs and verbs come from adjective, adjectives, participle, nouns and whole expression introduce the transition from one situation to another situation. These words which express change process, process either in respect of its own meaning or the form from sentence meaning. The richness in the way of word derivation in Turkish provides determining situation change and various types of word. The aim of this paper is to determine the functions of the words and the words which Express situation change.While the fact which Express situation change, provide a change meaning for sentence, it regulates the other words in text. So the facts which express situation change, are important.“Everwhere was covered by snow all winter. Ices are melting, now, roads are cleaned. Spring will come no longer.”in text, the change which is expressed by “melting” verb, also regulates the other changes in nature. The changes in transition from winter season to the spring and this process have been founded around “-eri”verb. Türkiye Türkçesinde bazı aslî ve sıfattan türemiş fiiller, sıfatlar, sıfat-filler, isimler ve anlatım bütünü, bir durumdan farklı bir duruma geçişi anlatır. Değişim sürecini anlatan bu kelimeler, ya kendi anlamlarına göre veya cümlenin anlamından kaynaklanan bir şekilde işler. Türkçenin kelime türetme yollarındaki zenginlik, değişik türlerdeki kelimelerle değişim durumlarının tespit edilmesini sağlar. Bu makalenin amacı, durum değişikliği gösteren bu kelimeleri ve bunların işleyişlerini tespit etmektir.Durum değişikliğini gösteren unsur, cümleye değişim anlamı katarken, metindeki diğer kelimeleri de düzenler. Bu yüzden durum değişikliği gösteren kelimeler, önemli bir yere sahiptir.“Bütün kış her yer karla kaplıydı. Şimdi buzlar eriyor, yollar açılıyor. Artık bahar gelecek.” metninde, “eriyor” yükleminin gösterdiği değişim, tabiattaki diğer değişiklikleri de düzenlemektedir. “kış” mevsiminden “bahar”a geçiş ve bu süreçteki gelişmeler, “eri-” fiili çevresinde kurulmuştur.

  6. An Analytical Approach to Greenwashing: Certification Versus Noncertification(“Yeşile Boyama” Kavramının Analitik İncelenmesi: Sertifikalı Etiketlerin Sertifikasızlarla Karşılaştırılması

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    Ebru GENÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available “Greenwashing” – labeling products as environmentally sound while actually not – occurs when a firm eschews sustainable business practices but still wishes to enter environment-friendly markets. In response, environmentally conscious firms resort to eco-label certification to signal the authenticity of their products. Assuming that some consumers in the market are informed about product labeling while others are not, we study the problem of whether to certify one’s products using both a game-theoretic model and a profit-maximizing pricing model. In the game between a producer and multiple consumers, we find that the equilibrium solution is for the producer to pursue a segmentation strategy. We also find the optimal production policies in a demand setting and analyze the certification decision as a function of several parameters. Certification is superior in low price sensitive markets; when the informed-consumers market size is sufficiently large; and when the ratio of certification cost to production cost is not excessive.

  7. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN MIGRATION AND CULTURAL IDENTITY IN BOSNIAN IMMIGRANTS: THE EXAMPLES OF“FEVZIYE MAHALLESI” BOŞNAK GÖÇMENLERDE GÖÇ VE KÜLTÜREL KİMLİK İLİŞKİSİ: FEVZİYE KÖYÜ ÖRNEĞİ

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    Tuğça POYRAZ TACOĞLU

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study was aimed to determine the factors that make up Bosnians’ cultural identity living in the Fevziye Mahallesi loyal Ankara Yenimahalle municipilty. In this contex, the cultural identity of the Bosnians are discussed in terms of migration and immigration, Bosnian, Europeanness, Islam, Bosnian identity, Turkishness, its traditions, dress, food and lifestyles. Because the migrations change quickly the identity-related definitions, the relations between migration phenomena and identity were analyzed in this study. The concept of identity has been accepted as repeatedly reproduced phenomenon rather defined one time-item than in contex of time, space and interaction tamplates. In the study, qualitative data collection techniques, depth interview technique and descriptive data analysis technique were used. Çalışmada Ankara’nın Yenimahalle Belediyesi’ne bağlı Fevziye Mahallesi’nde yaşayan Boşnakların kültürel kimliklerini oluşturan unsurların saptanması amaçlanmıştır. Bu bağlamda Boşnakların kültürel kimliği; göç ve göçmenlik, Boşnakça, Avrupalılık, Müslümanlık, Boşnaklık, Türklük, örf ve âdetler, giyim tarzı, yemekler ve yaşam tarzları açısından ele alınmıştır. Göçler kimlikle ilgili yapılan tanımları hızlı bir şekilde değiştirdiği için, göç olgusu ile kimlik inşası arasındaki ilişkiler de analiz edilmiştir. Kimlik kavramı, bir kereye mahsus tanımlanmış öğelerden çok, zaman, mekân ve etkileşim kalıpları bağlamında yeniden ve yeniden üretilen bir olgu olarak kabul edilmiştir. Çalışmada nitel veri toplama tekniklerinden derinlemesine görüşme tekniği kullanılmış ve veriler betimsel analiz tekniğiyle analiz edilmiştir.

  8. TÜRKİYE HİSSE SENEDİ PİYASASI GETİRİ VE OYNAKLIĞINDAKİ UZUN DÖNEM BAĞIMLILIK İÇİN AMPİRİK BİR ANALİZ (AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR LONG TERM-DEPENDENCE IN THE RETURN AND VOLATILITY OF TURKISH STOCK MARKET

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    Serpil TÜRKYILMAZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Çalışma ARFIMA-FIGARCH modelleri yardımıyla Türkiye hisse senedi piyasası getirilerinde ikili uzun hafıza özelliğinin varlığını incelemekte dolayısıyla zayıf formda etkin piyasa hipotezini test etmektedir. Bu amaçla kullanılan veri 2010-2013 dönemi Borsa İstanbul (BIST için günlük hisse senedi kapanış fiyatlarını içermektedir. Öncelikle ortalama ve oynaklıktaki uzun hafızanın varlığı ayrı olarak incelenmiştir. ARFIMA modeli sonuçları BIST getirileri için ortalamada uzun hafıza özelliği gösterirken, getiri oynaklıklarındaki uzun hafızanın varlığı için FIGARCH modeli de istatistiksel olarak anlamlı sonuçlar vermiştir. İkinci olarak, ortalama ve oynaklıktaki birlikte uzun hafıza özelliği ARFIMA-FIGARCH modeli ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, ortalamada uzun hafızanın varlığına dair bir bulgu elde edilemezken, oynaklığın öngörülebilir bir yapı gösterdiği Türkiye borsası etkin bir piyasa değildir. Anahtar Kelimeler: ARFIMA-FIGARCH, İkili Uzun Hafıza, Oynaklık, Yapısal Kırılma, Etkin Piyasa Hipotezi. ABSTRACT: The study examines presence of dual long memory property in returns of Turkish Stock Market by using ARFIMA-FIGARCH model and, tests Weak Form Efficient Market Hypothesis. The data set consists of daily closing prices for the period 2010 to 2013 of Istanbul Stock Exchange. Firstly, long memory property in return and volatility has been investigated separately. FIGARCH model indicates statistically significant findings while the results of ARFIMA model display long memory dynamics in returns of BIST. Secondly, long memory in return and volatility has been evaluated simultaneously by using ARFIMA-FIGARCH model. Consequently, Turkish Stock Market is not Efficient Market because volatility shows forecastable structure while there have not been obtained any finding about presence of long memory in return. Keywords: ARFIMA-FIGARCH, Dual Long Memory, Volatility, Structural Break, Efficient Market Hypothesis.

  9. MİLLİ GÖRÜŞ’TEN MUHAFAZAKAR DEMOKRASİYE: TÜRKİYE’DE 28 ŞUBAT SÜRECİ SONRASI İSLAMİ ELİTLERİN DÖNÜŞÜMÜ / FROM NATIONAL OUTLOOK TO CONSERVATIVE DEMOCRACY: THE TRANSFORMATION OF ISLAMIC ELITES IN TURKEY AFTER THE FEBRUARY 28 PROCESS

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    Mustafa BÖLÜKBAŞI

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu makale “28 Şubat sürecinden” sonra Türkiye’de post-İslamcı elitlerin geçirdiği dönüşümü incelemektedir.Temel tezimize göre AKP çevresinde toplanan post-İslamcı elitler Kemalist düzenin reddi yerine makul bir eleştirisini benimseyerek tek başına iktidar olabilecek bir kitle partisi oluşturmuştur. “Adil düzen” hayalinden vazgeçen post-İslamcılar ülkeyi küresel kapitalist sisteme entegre etmeyi tercih etmiştir. Küresel ve yerel dinamiklerin dönüşümünü iyi kavramış ve söylemlerini İslami çerçeveden demokrasi ve insan hakları çerçevesine kaydırmıştır. Bu noktada radikal Milli Görüş cephesinden ayrışarak “kabul edilebilir sınırlar” içinde yer almış ve böylece kendilerine meşru bir siyaset zemini yaratmıştır.This article examines the transformation of post-Islamic elites in Turkey after the “February 28 process”. According to our main thesis post-Islamic elites clustered around the JDP, have created a self-sustaining majority party through a moderate critique rather than an outright rejection of the Kemalist establishment. These post-Islamists, who have given up the dream of building a “just order”, have instead choosen to integrate Turkey into the global capitalist system. They have grasped well the transformation of global and local dynamics and shifted their rhetoric from a framework of Islam to democracy and human rights. At this point by dissociating from the radicalNational Outlook front they have remained within “acceptable limits” and thus have created a legitimate political ground.

  10. 浅析近三年广东高考英语阅读理解中的情感教育意义%A Brief Analysis of the Meaning of Sentiment Education in Reading Comprehension of NMET in Guangdong in Recent Three Ye

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    许文慧

    2011-01-01

    情感教育是素质教育的重要层面。情感教育的实施极大地推动着智力教育。促进着学生的全面发展。本文通过对近三年广东高考英语阅读理解试题的分析,探究了情感教育在阅读理解中的重要意义,并进一步指出这种趋势对中学英语情感教学的指导意义。%Sentiment education is an important aspect in quality education. The implementation of sentiment education greatly promotes intelligent education and students' all-round development. This paper probes into the meaning of sentiment education in reading com

  11. CONTRIBUTION OF NAZMİ OF EDİRNE AND HIS CONTEMPORARIES-WORKS TO HISTORICAL DICTIONARY OF TURKISH OF TURKEY -EDİRNELİ NAZMÎ ve ÇAĞDAŞLARININ ESERLERİNDEN- TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNİN TARİHSEL SÖZLÜĞÜ’NE KATKILAR

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    M. Fatih KÖKSAL

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Turkish language is one of rich languages of world according to its vocabulary. So that even our archaic words has richer vocabulary than lots of languages. Tanıklarıyla Tarama Sözlüğü is a dictionary has performed an important mission in the time that it had been prepared. Another important dictionary is Türkiye Türkçesinin Tarihsel Sözlüğü prepared to complite Tanıklarıyla Tarama Sözlüğü and also it is larger than first one. It’s certain that this dictionary supply the deficiency when it publishes. The point of this work is to supply to Türkçenin Tarihsel Sözlüğü with Turkish words that didn’t place in Tarama Sözlüğü from Türkî-i Basîr poems of Nazmî’s Divan, Mecmuatü’n-nezâir and Tevârih-i Antâkiye and the Works by other poets in same period. Türk dili, söz varlığı itibarıyla dünyanın en zengin dillerinden biridir. Öyle ki bizim sadece arkaik kelimelerimiz bile pek çok dilin lûgatinden daha zengin bir söz varlığına sahiptir. Hazırlandığı dönemin imkânları çerçevesinde önemli bir işlevi gören Tanıklarıyla Tarama Sözlüğü’nü tamamlayıcı ve ondan çok daha kapsamlı olmak üzere hazırlanan bir sözlük de Türkiye Türkçesinin Tarihsel Sözlüğü’dür. Türk Dili Kurumu’nca hazırlanan bu sözlüğün yayımlandığında çok önemli bir eksikliği gidereceğine kuşku yoktur. Bu yazıda, başta Edirneli Nazmî’nin Divan’ındaki Türkî-i Basît Şiirleri, Mecma’u’n-nezâir’i ve Tevârîh-i Antâkiye’si olmak üzere Nazmî ve çağdaşı kimi şairlerin eserleri üzerine yaptığımız çalışmalar sırasında Tarama Sözlüğü’nde yer almayan Türkçe kelimeler tanıtılarak Türkçesinin Tarihsel Sözlüğü’ne katkıda bulunmak amaçlanmaktadır.

  12. AN ARCHAIC USE OF THE WORD “KERİ (GERİ” IN TURKEY TURKISH ACCENTS TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ AĞIZLARINDA “KERİ (GERİ” SÖZCÜĞÜNÜN ESKİCİL BİR KULLANIMI

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    Bülent HÜNERLİ

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Many archaic elements that aren’t present in standard language are known to live in dialects. Archaism appears not only in suffix and word form which are visible parts of language but also appears in meaning and role. Therefore, many words used in standard Turkey Turkish can appear in Turkey Turkish accents with meanings and roles of archaic. One of the words which keep this archaic role and meaning in Turkey Turkish accents is “Keri (Geri”. The word “keri” Turkey Turkish in accents comes after nouns wiht dative case and participles as it is in Old Anatolian Turkish and has gained the role of inflectional preposition with the meaning of “-dan sonra”. This subject will be focused on in this study. Ağızlarda, ölçünlü dilde bulunmayan pek çok eskicil unsurun yaşadığı bilinmektedir. Eskicillik, sadece dilin görünen kısmı olan ek ve sözcük boyutunda olmayıp anlam ve görev boyutunda da vardır. Dolayısıyla bugün ölçünlü Türkiye Türkçesinde kullanılan pek çok kelime, Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarında eskicil anlamlarıyla ve görevleriyle karşımıza çıkabilir. Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarında bu eskicil görevini ve anlamını sürdüren sözcüklerden biri de “keri (geri”dir. Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarındaki “Keri” sözcüğü, Eski Anadolu Türkçesinde olduğu gibi ayrılma hâli eki almış isim ve sıfat-fiilden sonra gelmiş ve “-dan sonra”anlamında bir çekim edatı görevi üstlenmiştir. Çalışmada bu konu üzerinde durulacaktır. Bülent

  13. AN EDUCATOR BETWEEN TRADITION AND MODERNITY: A STUDY IN SATI BEY AND HIS BOOK ‘FENN-İ TERBIYE’ (SCIENCE OF EDUCATION GELENEK VE MODERNLİK ARASINDA BİR EĞİTİMCİ: SATI BEY VE FENN-İ TERBİYE ADLI ESERİ ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

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    Mustafa GÜNDÜZ

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Many people, organizations and they works has been effective modernization of Turkish education and formatting of contemporary teacher from Tanzimat to Republic. One of them is Sati Bey. He contributed to gain the reputation of a teacher and sciences of education with his practices and woks in second constitutional period. His most important work on these issues is Fenn-i Terbiye (Science of Education. At that time most of the discussions took place the first time in the Fenn-i Terbiye. Satı Bey regarded to education as a component of physical, mental, psychological and moral development. In this process, he was also important historical, social, cultural and environmental factors in the education. He initiated many new applications during his director of High Teacher School (Darülmuallimin-i Âliye. Satı Bey studied to expression of traditional Ottoman education with modern method. For this he initiated various applications. Eastern and Western thinkers have been affected him in this process. But these effects are clearly visible in his works.In this paper, has been mentioned that Satı Bey had how education idea between tradition and modernization. His most important education work Fenn-i Terbiye has been examined and its place in modern science education discussed and focused on the possible sources. Türkiye’de eğitimin modernleşmesinde ve çağdaş öğretmenliğin oluşmasında Tanzimat’tan Cumhuriyet’e birçok kişi, kurum ve eser etkili olmuştur. Bunlardan biri de II. Meşrutiyet döneminde farklı eserleriyle eğitim bilimine ve öğretmenliğin itibar kazanmasına katkılar yapan Satı Bey’dir. Onun bu konulara ilişkin en önemli eseri Fenn-i Terbiye (Eğitim Bilimi’dir. O dönemde yapılan tartışmaların pek çoğu ilk defa Fenn-i Terbiye’de yer almıştır. Eğitimi bedensel, zihinsel, ruhsal ve ahlâkî gelişimin sağlıklı bir bileşeni olarak gören Satı, bu süreçte tarihi, sosyal, kültürel ve çevresel etkenlere de önem vermiştir. Yüksek Erkek Öğretmen Okulu Müdürlüğü sırasında pek çok yeni uygulama başlatmıştır. Satı Bey, geleneksel Osmanlı eğitiminin modern bir yöntemle ifade edilmesine ve uygulamalarının yapılmasına çalışmıştır. Bu süreçte Doğulu ve Batılı düşünürlerden etkilenmiştir. Ancak bu etkiler eserlerinde açıkça görülmez.Bu makalede Satı Bey’in gelenek ile modernleşme arasında nasıl bir eğitim düşüncesine sahip olduğuna değinilmiştir. En önemli eğitim eseri olarak görülen Fenn-i Terbiye incelenerek, çağdaş eğitim bilimi içindeki yeri tartışılmış ve muhtemel kaynakları üzerinde durulmuştur.

  14. SOME EMBEZZLEMENT (CORRUPTION CLAIMS TOOK PLACE IN ISTANBUL PRESS TOWARDS THE COMMITTEE OF UNION AND PROGRESS / İTTİHAT VE TERAKKİ’YE YÖNELİK İSTANBUL BASININDA YER ALAN BAZI YOLSUZLUK İDDİALARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. Mehmet AYDIN

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to handle theembezzlement (corruption claims stemmed from scial,political and economical policy of the Committee of Unionand Progress and also took place in Đstanbul Press drungthe World War, I. This study also deals with the reasonsand results of these embezzlement claims took place inthe press and states that the mentioned claims had inrelation whith the national economy policy and thestatist economy policy of the Committee of Union andProgress.

  15. A COMPARATIVE STUDY ON COMPOUND NOUN AND SEMI-COMPOUND NOUN IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE BİRLEŞİK İSİM VE YARI-BİRLEŞİK İSİM ÜZERİNE KARŞILAŞTIRMALI BİR İNCELEME

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Compound nouns are nouns that are formed by two different words that come together by coalescing and taking a fixed form, gaining another meaning from their own. In this study, the semi-compound noun term is proposed for the phrases that are not fixed. After that, the semi-compound nouns are examined in terms of their structure. Then, how phrases establish the semi-compound nouns, passing to word level than phrases level, only by nominalisation, without having a fixed form is determined. After these examinations and identifications, the suffixes and postpositions that the semi-compound nouns have are emphasized. In the conclusion, by adding semi-compound nouns to the classification such as simple, derived and compound nouns a deficiency term and issue is put forward (simple noun, derived noun; compound noun, semi-compound noun. Birleşik isimler, iki farklı sözcüğün bir araya gelerek kendi anlamlarından farklı bir anlam oluşturacak biçimde kaynaşıp kalıplaşmasıyla oluşan isimlerdir. Bu çalışmada birleşik isim dışında kalan, kalıplaşmamış öbek yapıdaki isimler için yarı-birleşik isim terimi önerilmiştir. Daha sonra yarı-birleşik isimler, yapıları bakımından incelenmiş. Sözcük öbeklerinin, öbek düzleminden sözcük düzlemine geçerken, kalıplaşmadan, sadece isimleşerek yarı-birleşik isimleri nasıl kurduğu belirlenmiştir. Bu inceleme ve belirlemelerden sonra yarı-birleşik isimlerin aldıkları ek ve edatlar üzerinde durulmuştur. Sonuçta basit, türemiş ve birleşik isimler şeklindeki sınıflamaya yarı-birleşik isimler de eklenerek eksik kalmış bir terim ve konu ortaya konulmuştur (basit isim, türemiş isim; birleşik isim, yarı-birleşik isim.

  16. THE TIMAR SYSTEM IN THE SERBIAN LANDS FROM 1450 TO 1550: WITH A SPECIAL SURVEY ON THE TIMAR SYSTEM IN THE SANJAK OF SMEDEREVO / 1450’DEN 1550’YE KADAR SIRP TOPRAKLARINDA TIMAR SİSTEMİ: SEMENDİRE SANCAĞI’NDA TIMAR SİSTEMİ ÜZERİNDE ÖZEL BİR ANKET İLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ema MILJKOVIĆ

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Relying on the Ottoman census books for various Ottoman provinces, which had been part of the medieval Serbian states, this paper presents a survey of timar organization in the Serbian lands during the first century of Ottoman rule and argues that while Christian sipahis were an integral part of the sipahi organization during the early period of Ottoman rule, their numbers gradually declined. The article pays special attention to the issue of the Christian sipahis. Since a range of census books had been preserved for the sanjak of Smederevo, this province was chosen as the case study to explain the most important issues regarding the functioning of the timar system. Osmanlı Devleti’nin Sırbistan topraklarındaki çeşitli sancaklara ait sayım defterlerine dayanarak yapılan bu çalışma, Osmanlı Devleti’nin Sırbistan topraklarındaki hakimiyetinin ilk yüzyılında uyguladığı tımar sistemini inceleyerek, Osmanlı idaresinin ilk döneminde Hıristiyan sipahilerin, sipahi sisteminin önemli bir kısmını teşkil ettiğini ancak zamanla Hıristiyan sipahi sayısının azaldığını tespit etmektedir. Makale Semendire Sancağı’nda uygulanan tımar sistemini örnek alarak, Hıristiyan sipahileri ve Sırbistan’daki tımar sisteminin işleyişini açıklamaktadır

  17. ACCORDING TO THE RECORDS OF NICOSIA CADI’S COURT, THE MONEY FOUNDATIONS FOUNDED IN CYPRUS IN THE FIRST PERIOD OF 18th CENTURY KIBRIS ŞER’İYE SİCİLLERİNE GÖRE XVIII. YÜZYILIN İLK YARISINDA KIBRIS’TA KURULAN PARA VAKIFLARI (VAKF-I NÜKÛD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet DEMİRYÜREK

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The Vakf-ı Nükûd (money foundations were established in the Ottoman Empire in the 15th century. But these foundations were legalised by Şeyhülislam Ebüssuud Efendi in the 16th century.These foundations were founded in Cyprus in the 18th century but we have not seen any detailed researches concerning these foundations. There are not any researches or knowledge about these foundations.Acccording to the records of the Nicosia Cadi’s Court, these foundations were founded in the early of 18th century, too. These foundations were set up by men or women. These persons determined the conditions of working of the vaqf and they were registered in the records of the Nicosia Cadi’s Court. The aim of this study is to reveal the money foundations founded in the earyl of 18th century, their legal statutes, the conditions of foundations, the goals of foundations and their methods of working. We will, also compare these foundations with the other money foundations founded in the Ottoman Empire and avaluate our findings. In this present study it will be used the records of the Nicosia Cadi’s Court. İslâm medeniyetinin vakıf kurumu dâhilinde mütalaa edilen ve Osmanlı öncesi dönemde kurulmaya başlanan nakit para vakıfları (vakf-ı nükûd Osmanlı Devleti’nin farklı coğrafyalarında tatbik edilmiş uygulamalardan biridir. Kıbrıs’ın Osmanlı toprakları arasına katılmasının üzerinden yarım asır geçmeden, XVII. yüzyıl başlarında Kıbrıs’ta da para vakıflarının kurulmuş olduğu anlaşılmaktadır. Kıbrıs’taki ilk örnekleri XVII. yüzyıl başlarında görülen para vakıfları XVIII. ve XIX. yüzyıllarda da kurum olarak varlığını sürdürmüş ve birçok para vakfı kurulmuştur. Hem kadınlar hem de erkekler tarafından kurulan nakit para vakıfları genel olarak “muamele-i şer‘iyye” yoluyla işletilmişlerdir. Çalışmamızın amacı, XVIII. yüzyılın ilk yarısında Kıbrıs’ta kurulmuş olan para vakıflarının hukukî statülerini, kuruluş şartlarını ve amaçlarını, işleyişlerini ve vakfedilen paraların miktarı gibi konuları ele alarak genel bir değerlendirme yapmaktır.

  18. « Narges Tappe va nešāne-hā-yī az dowre-ye Mād va Haḫāmanešī dar Gorgān / Narges Tepe and evidence from the Median and Achaemenian periods in the plain of Gorgan ». Iranian Journal of Archaeology and History, Vol. 44, Spring and Su

    OpenAIRE

    Mousavi, Ali

    2013-01-01

    Due to a general lack of systematic surveys, Achaemenid settlements in north-eastern Iran are rare. It is why the excavation of sites that may reveal archaeological evidence of the Achaemenid or earlier periods is important. Narges Tepe is located 7km north-west of the modern city of Goragn, 2km south of the Qara-Su river. It is a low mound, 110x110m with only 4m high above the surrounding fields. The mound was first detected during the Japanese surveys of 1976. In 2004, the site was the obje...

  19. Ye Tang's Collection of Kunqu Tunes and His Performing Style: The Academic Inheritance and the Choice%传承·传人·传谱——《纳书楹曲谱》"叶派唱口"的学术传承与选择

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    修海林

    2010-01-01

    在叶堂观念中,昆曲音乐的传承,一是靠乐谱的传承,二是靠唱法的传承.因此,叶堂在对曲目的选备和修订上,是以"准古今而通雅俗"为准则,纠谬去伪,达到传承昆曲唱腔精髓的目的.叶堂这一脉系昆曲演唱技法的传承,则是通过昆曲的剧曲演员和清唱曲家这两类传承者,将昆曲的传统唱法延续了数百年.在近代文化变迁中,吴梅指出了昆曲音乐传承的难题,一是习谱难的问题,再是与时谱不合的问题."临川四梦"剧曲合文简谱本的出版,意味着乐谱传承中读谱方式的改变,可视为昆曲传承行为的主动选择和突破.

  20. Archetypal Iconology: A new Way for Mythic Studies--A Review on A Thousand of Goddesses by Ye Shuxian%神话研究的原型图像学方法--评叶舒宪的《千面女神》

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张丽红

    2006-01-01

    @@ 女神文化是整个人类最为源远流长的文化传统.女神是不同种族最为古老的母亲原型.早在数万年以前的旧石器时代,世界各地就创造出了千姿百态的母亲形象.虽然她们千姿百态,然而却有一个惊人的一目了然的统一特征,那就是鼓腹肥臀,她们的孕育、繁殖和哺育功能被特别强调.

  1. 日本文学通史写作的大成和终结--读叶渭渠、唐月梅著《日本文学史》%The Greatest Achievement of Writing General History of Japanese Literature--Book Review of The History of Japanese Literature written by Ye Weiqu and Tang Yuemei

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王中忱

    2004-01-01

    本文在认真回顾汉语日本文学通史写作历史的基础上,分析了叶渭渠、唐月梅著四卷本的特色,认为这部著作为中国的日本文学通史写作树立了一块界标,也为后来的研究者铺下了坚固的基石.

  2. 占以明《易》理,象以喻《孟》《庄》——与叶格正博士谈汉学%Revealing the Logic of I Ching through Divination, and Illustrating Mencius and Chuangtse with Images-Discussing Sinology with Dr.Ye Gezheng

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩振华; 叶格正

    2011-01-01

    @@ 一、三百处前的译本 韩:您新近出版的这本书,题为,却并非严格意义上的翻译著作.首先,您能简单介绍一下这本书吗? 叶:这是一个新的读本(reader),目的是为了指导德国读者来读孟子.这是一项非常难的工作,因为一般的德国读者并不知道孟子是谁,他们不懂中文,不知道所记载故事的背景,更不知道中国哲学的历史.

  3. Türkiye'ye Gelen Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımların Türkiye'nin İhracat Performansına Etkilerinin VAR Yöntemi ile Tahmini (The VAR Estimate of the Effects of Foreign Direct Investment Inflow to Turkey on Turkey’s Export Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Yasemin BOZDAĞLIOĞLU

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article the relationship between FDI inflow to Turkey and Turkey’s export performance is analyzed. The lack of studies in Turkey about this issue constitutes the main motivation behind this study. The effect of FDI on exports was analyzed through the Granger Causality Test (GCT (for the period of 1992:1-2009:7 and the VAR Analyses. As a result of the GCT, a unidirectional causality from FDI to exports was found. According to the results of export variance decomposition, it is observed that exports are under the influence of exports’ own lagged values. FDI plays 6 percent role in export changes. This finding corresponds to the finding that FDI causes exports. 74 percent of FDI changes arises from FDI, 10 percent from Interest Rates, and 8 percent from Exchange Rate. While Openness Ratio’s explanatory level for FDI is 2 percent, other variables are not significant in explaining FDI changes. According to these results, interest rates in the country, exchange rates, and openness ratio are main incentives behind FDI.

  4. Observation on the Effect of Methylphenidate Combined with Chinese Medicine Ningshen Koufu Ye on Attention-deficit Hyperactivity Disorder%哌醋甲酯与中药宁神口服液联合治疗注意缺陷多动障碍疗效观察

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林玉霖; 王祝彬; 林志坚

    2007-01-01

    目的:观察哌醋甲酯与中药宁神口服液联合治疗儿童注意缺陷多动障碍(ADHD)的疗效.方法:120例ADHD患儿随机分为西药组、中药组及联合组,每组40例,分别用哌醋甲酯、宁神口服液及两种药物联合治疗.3组病例均在治疗前、治疗12 w末及停药12 w后用Conners多动指数量表给予评分,然后根据量表分的减分率和进行疗效及其稳定性评价,并观察3组治疗中出现的不良反应.结果:治疗12 w末联合组总有效率为83.76%,显著高于西药组的72.30%(P<0.05)和中药组的70.98%(P<0.01);停药12 w后,西药组的总有效率下降比例显著高于中药组和联合组(P<0.01,P<0.05);联合组不良反应发生率显著低于西药组,但却高于中药组.结论:哌醋甲酯与宁神口服液治疗ADHD的总体疗效相当,其中前者疗效短暂且不稳定,后者疗效稳定且无明显副作用,而该两种药物合用可提高疗效并减少不良反应发生率.

  5. BİR JAPON AYDININ GÖZÜNDEN TÜRKLER -NAGASE HŌSUKE’NİN TÜRKİYE İZLENİMLERİ- / TURKS FROM THE EYES OF A JAPANESE INTELLECTUAL -NAGASE HŌSUKE’S IMPRESSIONS OF TURKEY-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan Haluk AKBAY

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Meiji (1868-1912 ve Taishō (1912-1926 dönemlerinin önemli aydınları arasında yer alan Nagase Hōsuke (1865-1926, Türkiye ziyareti sonrasında kaleme aldığı Türkiye ve Türkler (Toruko to Torukojin kitabını 1915 yılında Japonya’da yayınlamıştır. Kitapta Türk tarihi, Anadolu coğrafyası ve dönemin siyasal yapısına dair önemli bilgilerin yanı sıra, yazarın Türk toplumu ve kültürüne ilişkin çeşitli gözlem ve değerlendirmeleri de yer almaktadır. Aynı veya yakın dönemlerde Türkiye’yi ziyaret eden diğer Japon aydınları gibi, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Japon kamuoyuna aktardığı bilgi, izlenim ve değerlendirmelerin de Japonya’daki Türkiye bilgisi ve Türkiye imajının oluşumunda etkili olduğu kuvvetle muhtemeldir. Bu makalede, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Türkiye ve Türklere ilişkin izlenim ve değerlendirmeleri genel hatlarıyla ele alınmıştır.

  6. Changes in some pregnancy biomarkers of Yankasa ewes experimentally infected with Trypanosoma evansi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adeyeye, Adewale A; Ate, Iyorhemba U; Lawal, Abah I; Adamu, Sani

    2016-04-01

    The study was designed to determine the effect of Trypanosoma evansi infection on some pregnancy biomarkers of Yankasa ewes (YE). Twenty pregnant YE were assigned into 3 groups (A, B and C) comprising 7 ewes each in groups A and B, while group C comprise 6 YE. Groups A and B were each inoculated with blood containing approximately 1.0 × 10(6) of T. evansi through the jugular vein on days 59 and 110 of pregnancy, representing second and third trimesters, respectively, while group C served as the uninfected control. Progesterone (P4) and pregnancy specific protein-B (PSPB) of YE in group A were significantly (p 0.05) difference in P4 and PSPB of YE in groups B. Estrone sulfate (E1S) significantly (p 0.05) different in group B. Cortisol concentration of YE in group A was significantly (p 0.05) association among the pregnancy biomarkers of YE in groups A and B throughout the study, except between progesterone and cortisol in group B, which were significantly associated (r = 0.77, p < 0.05). It was therefore concluded that T. evansi infection affects pregnancy biomarkers more at mid pregnancy than at late pregnancy.

  7. Leaf curl diseases of two solanaceous species in Southwest Arabia are caused by a monopartite begomovirus evolutionarily most closely related to a species from the Nile Basin and unique suite of betasatellites

    KAUST Repository

    Idris, Ali

    2012-10-01

    The complete genome of 2780 bases was amplified using rolling circle amplification, and cloned, and sequenced for two distinct strains of the monopartite begomovirus Tomato leaf curl Sudan virus (ToLCSDV). The two strains shared 86-91% identity with the previously described ToLCSDV from the Nile Basin, and 90-91% identity with one another. One strain was cloned from symptomatic tomato plants from Tihamah (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih:05]) while the other was cloned from symptomatic tobacco plants collected from Wadi Hadramaut (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Had:89]). A distinct full-length betasatellite molecule (1352 bases) was cloned from the respective field-infected tomato and tobacco plants. Agro-inoculation of tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana plants with cloned partial tandem repeats of ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih11:05]) and the associated betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Yemen betasatellite (ToLCYEB-[Tih:tom:137:05]), resulted in the reproduction of leaf curl disease symptoms in test plants like those observed in the field-infected plants. The betasatellite contributed to symptom severity in N. benthamiana test plants when it was co-inoculated with ToLCSDV-YE, compared to the milder symptoms that were observed in tobacco plants infected with the helper virus alone. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  8. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 49, September-October 1980

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-10-01

    Bordachev, S.G. Golovin , L.Z. Grigor’yeva, G.P. Kostometov, S.N. Leonov, R.A. Liukonen, Ye.P. Mironov, N.N. Rozanov, Ye.L. Skvirskaya, and A.D...for absolute calibration of photoelectric detectors. KE, no. 9, 1980, 1932- 1940 . 176. Latynin, Yu.M., Yu.V. Koltok, and V.M. Kuz’michev (34...of a high-density nonequilibrium plasma in InSb. FTP, no. 10, 1980, 1940 -1946. 511. Aluker, N.L., E.D. Aluker, A.I. Kravchuk, A.M. Lur’ye, and E.B

  9. PARENTS' DILEMMA

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Families are beginning to wonder whether their young children are paying too high a price to achieve superior test scores Ye Youxue has encountered problems in educating his only son, Ye Zi, since the boy entered primary school last September. "I adopted a hands-off approach to my son's preschool education, without forcing him to attend prep classes of Chinese or English like many of his peers," said Ye, adding that he had not expected that policy to backfire. In Zi's class, most children had attended cl...

  10. AcEST: DK953558 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available R + + + K + ++ E V+YRCLVRA Sbjct: 1 MVVLQPDPFLSELTSMYERSTEKGSVWVTMKRSSMKCQARLKK-MAAKGEAVEYRCLVRA 59 Query: 3...VRA 364 MV L PDPFL+ELT +YE+ +KG+VWVT+KR + + + K + ++ E V+YRCLVRA Sbjct: 1 MVVLQPDPFLSELTSMYERSTEKGSVWVTMKRSS...SEDETVDYRCLVRA 364 MV L PDPFL+ELT +YE+ +KG+VWVT+KR + + + K + ++ E V+YRCLVRA Sbjct: 1 MVVLQPDPFLSELTSMYERS...VWVT+KR + + + K + ++ E V+YRCLVRA Sbjct: 1 MVVLQPDPFLSELTSMYERSTEKGSVWVTMKRSSMKCQARLKK-MAAKGEAVEYRCLVRA 59 Qu...YRCLVRA 364 MV L PDPFL+ELT +YE+ +KG+VWVT+KR + + + K + ++ E V+YRCLVRA Sbjct: 288 MVVLQPDPFLSELTSMYERS

  11. R-process Nucleosynthesis during the Magnetohydrodynamics Explosions of a Massive Star

    CERN Document Server

    Saruwatari, Motoaki; Kotake, Kei; Yamada, Shoichi

    2012-01-01

    We investigate the possibility of the r-process during the magnetohydrohynamical explosion of supernova in a massive star of 13 solar mass with the effects of neutrinos induced. We adopt five kinds of initial models which include properties of rotation and the toroidal component of the magnetic field . The simulations which succeed the explosions are limitted to a concentrated magnetic field and strong differential rotation. Low $Y_{e}$ ejecta produce heavy elements and the third peak can be reprocuced. However, the second peak is low because $Y_{e}$ distribution as a function of radius is steep and ejecta corresponding to middle $Y_{e}$ is very few.

  12. Quantum Nanobiology and Biophysical Chemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    An introduction was provided in the first issue by way of an Editorial to this special two issue volume of Current Physical Chemistry – “Quantum Nanobiology and Biophysical Chemistry” [1]. The Guest Editors would like to thank all the authors and referees who have contributed to this second issue....... demonstrate extremely low detection performance of acyl-homoserine lactone in a biologically relevant system using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Sugihara and Bondar evaluate the influence of methyl-groups and the protein environment on retinal geometries in rhodopsin and bacteriorhodopsin, two...

  13. Main: 1VOL [RPSD[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ment: Residues 113 - 316; Engineered: Yes; Molecule: Tata-Box-Binding Protein; Chain: B; Engineered: Yes; Mo...lecule: 16 Base-Pair Tata-Containing Oligonucleotide; Chain: C, D; Engineered: Ye

  14. Strategy iteration is strongly polynomial for 2-player turn-based stochastic games with a constant discount factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Dueholm; Miltersen, Peter Bro; Zwick, Uri

    2011-01-01

    Ye showed recently that the simplex method with Dantzig pivoting rule, as well as Howard's policy iteration algorithm, solve discounted Markov decision processes (MDPs), with a constant discount factor, in strongly polynomial time. More precisely, Ye showed that both algorithms terminate after at......-sum rewards. This provides the first strongly polynomial algorithm for solving these games, resolving a long standing open problem....... iterations. Second, and more importantly, we show that the same bound applies to the number of iterations performed by the strategy iteration (or strategy improvement) algorithm, a generalization of Howard's policy iteration algorithm used for solving 2-player turn-based stochastic games with discounted zero......Ye showed recently that the simplex method with Dantzig pivoting rule, as well as Howard's policy iteration algorithm, solve discounted Markov decision processes (MDPs), with a constant discount factor, in strongly polynomial time. More precisely, Ye showed that both algorithms terminate after...

  15. Effects of yeast extract and methyl jasmonate on the enhancement of solasodine biosynthesis in cell cultures of Solanum hainanense Hance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    NGUYEN HOANG LOC

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available In this work, the effects of the elicitors methyl jasmonate (MeJA and yeast extract (YE on the growth and solasodine production of Solanum hainanense cells were investigated. The results showed that various concentrations of MeJA (50-250 µM and YE (1-4 g/L have different eliciting influences. The increase of solasodine content induced by the elicitation of 3 g/L of YE and 50 µM of MeJA at the beginning of cell culture was about 1.9- and 1.3-fold, respectively, as compared with that of the non-elicitated cells. In general, YE (biotic elicitor was more effective in enhancing solasodine production than MeJA (abiotic elicitor.

  16. Light-sensitive features of seed germination in the invasive species ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    DR. NJ TONUKARI

    2012-04-17

    Apr 17, 2012 ... Full Length Research Paper. Light-sensitive ... The aim of this study was to characterize the light-sensitive ..... of roadside vegetation: A case study from Xishuangbanna National ... Yang QH, Song SQ, Ye WH, Yin SH (2003).

  17. Surface Observation Climatic Summaries (SOCS) for NASA Shuttle Landing Facility, Florida

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-01-01

    IN YE!RS. PRECIPITATION: A TERM THAT INCLUDES BOTH LIQUID PRECIPITATION AND WATER EQUIVALENT. STANDARD DEVIATION: A MEASURE OF DISPERSION ON THE...USAFETAC/ LDD , Scott AFB, IL 62225-5438 .. ....................................................... 1 OL-A USAFETAC, Federal Building, Asheville

  18. An Improved Predictor-Corrector Interior-Point Algorithm for Linear Complementarity Problems with -Iteration Complexity

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Fang, Debin; Yu, Qian

    2011-01-01

    ...) based on the Mizuno-Todd-Ye algorithm. The modified corrector steps in our algorithm cannot only draw the iteration point back to a narrower neighborhood of the center path but also reduce the duality gap...

  19. Data of evolutionary structure change: 1APXA-1CPDA [Confc[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1APXA-1CPDA 1APX 1CPD A A ----GKSYPTVSPDYQKAIEKAKRKLRGFIAEKK-----...--CAPLILRLAWHSAGTFDSKTKTGGPF-GTIKHQAELAHGANNGLDIAVRLLEPIKEQFPIVSYADFYQLAGVVAVEITGGPEVPFHPGREDKP--EPPPEGRLPDA...LKLREDDEYDNYIGYGPVLVRLAWHISGTWDKHDNTGGSYGGTYRFKKEFNDPSNAGLQNGFKFLEPIHKEFPWISSGDLFSLGGVTAVQEMQGPKIPWRCGRVDTPEDTTPDNGRLPDA...ID>1CPD A 1CPDA RVDTPEDTTPDN ...dex> 1CPD A 1CPDA YE

  20. Long-term persistence of a positive plant diversity-productivity relationship in the absence of legumes

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ruijven, van J.; Berendse, F.

    2009-01-01

    Most studies investigating the relationship between plant diversity and ecosystem functioning lasted only a few years. These studies generally showed a positive relationship between diversity and productivity that strengthened with time. This pattern suggests the experimental communities have not ye

  1. Studies in Rheoencephalography (REG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Rheoencephalography and plethysmographic methods. Excerpta, Amsterdam. 1969. 25. Yarullin HH. Clinical rheoencephalography. Medicina , Leningrad. 1967...in Russian). Medicina , Leningrad. 1975. 32. Bodo M, Racz J, Ilias L, Pasztor A, Vajda J, Weinstein GB, Pasztor E, Moskalenko YE

  2. Mars Target Encyclopedia: Information Extraction for Planetary Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagstaff, K. L.; Francis, R.; Gowda, T.; Lu, Y.; Riloff, E.; Singh, K.

    2017-06-01

    Mars surface targets / and published compositions / Seek and ye will find. We used text mining methods to extract information from LPSC abstracts about the composition of Mars surface targets. Users can search by element, mineral, or target.

  3. The conversion of the cardinal? Pride and penitence in some Tudor ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    2016-05-26

    May 26, 2016 ... the French 'ye Cardinal was euer on the French part' (fols clxvr, clxxvr ). .... punishes Sir Amias Paulet, who put the future cardinal in the stocks when he was a ..... exchanges during the cardinal's exile, that Wolsey's.

  4. A Pioneer of Global Change Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    @@ One summer's day in 1984, a meteorologist came all the way from the United States to Prof. Ye Duzheng, a CAS atmospheric scientist in Beijing, in the hope of establishing cooperative research into global climate change, a field unfamiliar to most scientists in the world at that time. His proposal immediately caught the interest of Ye, who was then president of the Chinese Meteorological Society and vice-president of CAS. Prof. Ye believed it to be an extremely important issue requiring sustained and collaborative attention. Already in his seventies, he found some young researchers to work with him in the field. Two decades later, global change is now recognized as a major science branch. As a pioneer of this branch, Prof. Ye was awarded the prestigious Prize of the World Meteorological Organization in 2003, and honored with China's National Supreme S&T Award in 2005.

  5. Chikungunya Virus: What You Need to Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikungunya Virus: What you need to know Chikungunya (pronunciation: \\chik-en-gun-ye) is: A virus spread through Aedes species mosquito bites. Aedes mosquitoes also spread dengue and Zika viruses. A risk to anyone traveling to a region ...

  6. Exploitable Vulnerabilities of Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-10-12

    Artistic Institute of the Warriors of Islam [Moassesseh-ye Farhangi/ Honari -ye Razmandegan-e Eslam] Scientific and Pedagogic Services Institute of the...118-120. 90 “CENTCOM in 2010: Views from General David H . Petraeus,” Institute for the Study of War, www.understandingwar.org/press-media/webcast...centcom-2010-views- general-david- h -petraeus-video, (accessed August 20, 2011). 70 91 Martin Chulov, “Qassem Suleimani: The Iranian General

  7. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 64, March - April 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-03-06

    1456. (RZhF, 3/83, 3D1303) 340. Kondratenko, A.M., and Ye.L. Saldin (79). Using a free electron laser to produce opposed high-energy photon beams...103 SAKALAUSKAS S V 104 POPLAVSKIY A A 95 REMIZOVICH V S 71 SALAYEV E YU 107,111 POPONIN V P 49 RESHINA I I 104 SALDIN YE L 49 POPOV A G 69 REVA M G 8

  8. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 51, January-February 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-05

    junctions. KE, no. 1, 1981, 211-213. 252. Derbenev, Ya.S., A.M. Kondratenko, and Ye.L. Saldin (79). Possibility of using free-electron lasers for...Raman effect. Yadernaya fizika, no. 3, 1980, 593-594. (RZhF, 1/81, IV108) 255. Kondratenko, A.M., and Ye.L. Saldin (79). Linear theory of a free

  9. Production of Neutral Beams from Negative Ion Beam Systems in the USSR

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    Oparin , V. A., R. N. l’in, and Ye. S. Solov’yev, "Formation of Highly Excited Hydrogen Atoms by Charge Exchange of Protons in Metal Vapors," ZhETF...Vol. 52, No. 2, 1967, p. 369. 106. il’in, R. N., V. A. Oparin , Ye. S. Solov’yev, and N. V. Fedorenko, "Charge Exchange of Protons in Alkali Metal Vapors

  10. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, No. 18, October - December 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-04-25

    Svetlichnyy (0). Study of amplification of CO., laser radiation in reaction products of carbon dioxide with nitrous oxide. ZhPMTF, no. 5...Stud, si cere, fiz., v. 26, no. 4, 1974, 355- 359. (RZhRadiot, 10/74, 10Ye72) 136. Vasiliu, V. (NS). Carbon monoxide lasers... Photodissociative Basov. N. G. . L. Ye. Golubev. V. S. Zuyev, V. A. Katulin. V. N. Netenun. V. Yu. Nosach. O. Yu. Nosach

  11. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 72, Number 6, June 1930

    Science.gov (United States)

    1930-06-01

    cannonR, demi.cannonR, culverins, demi- eulverins, sakers, minions, falcons and basils : a ship of eight~. tons earried three sakers, four minionR, three...lande Ye mortar wotte they notte, Nor do they hyve that grimme devyce That hoystes ye A. P. shotte. "No mynes knowe they, nor plotting boardes, Nor...F. Grimm , Jr., from the Philippines, to Command and General Staff School, Fort Leavenworth, as student. Capt. Veruon W. Hall, from Mass. Inst. of Tech

  12. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, No. 17, July - September 1974

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-01-29

    rraterial. Patent GDR, no. 102616, issued March 27, 1973. (KZhRadiot, 8/74, no. 8Ye287). 519. Damaskin , I. A., and S. L. Pyshkin (0). Multiquantum...VI’. YE. 30 DAMASKIN , I.A. 68 DANII.E’-KO. Yt!. K. 65 OANILKIS, V. A. 6^ HANILVC HEV, V. A. 14 DATSKE /KH, N. P. 11 nAVYDCV, B. I

  13. Dynamics of Photoexcitation and Photocatalysis at Nanostructured Carbon Interfaces

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-07-14

    Development of Lead Iodide Perovskite Solar Cells Using Three-Dimensional Titanium Dioxide Nanowire Architectures. ACS Nano 2015, 9 (1), 564-572. Ye Y...T. L.; Arnold, M. S.; Wang, X., Development of Lead Iodide Perovskite Solar Cells Using Three-Dimensional Titanium Dioxide Nanowire Architectures... Perovskite Solar Cells Using Three-Dimensional Titanium Dioxide Nanowire Architectures. ACS Nano 2015, 9 (1), 564-572. Ye Y, Bindl DJ, Jacobberger RM, Wu

  14. Effect of ultrafiltration of yeast extracts on their ability to promote lactic acid bacteria growth.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gaudreau, H; Champagne, C P; Conway, J; Degré, R

    1999-11-01

    Five yeast extracts (YE) were fractionated by ultrafiltration (UF) with 1, 3, and 10 kDa molecular weight cutoff membranes, concentrated by freeze-drying, and the resulting powders of yeast extract filtrates (YEF) were evaluated for their growth-promoting properties on nine cultures of lactic acid bacteria (LAB). There was an increase in alpha-amino nitrogen content of the YEF powders as the pore size of the UF membranes used to filter the YE solutions decreased. The source of YE had a much greater effect than UF on the growth of LAB. This was also the case for the YEF contents in total and alpha-amino nitrogen. Growth curves of the LAB showed that maximum growth rate (mumax) data were on average 30% higher with bakers' YE than with brewers' YE, while maximum optical density (ODmax) values were on average 16% higher with bakers' YE. This could be related to the higher nitrogen content of the bakers' YE used in this study. Modification by UF of the YE had no significant influence on the growth of 4 of the 9 LAB strains. The three strains of Lactobacillus casei were negatively influenced by UF, as they did not grow as well in the media containing the YEF obtained after filtering with 1 and 3 kDa membranes. On a total solids basis, the 2.5 x retentates from the 10 kDa membrane gave, on average, 4% lower mumax and 5% lower ODmax values as compared to cultures where the corresponding YEF was used as medium supplement. This could also be partially related to the different nitrogen contents of the filtrates and retentates.

  15. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Military History Journal, No. 1, January 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-06-15

    leadership of the military engineer M.M. Maltsev and the commissar A.S. Antonenkov. As a whole during the first months of the war the military...Kosarev, V.S. Kosenko, S.N. Kruglov, M.M. Maltsev , K.S. Nazarov, D.G. Onika, Ya.D. Rap- poport, I.Ye. Pruss, D.I. Suslin, I.Ye. Salashchenko, M.M

  16. USSR Report, Engineering and Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    heliostats . In the design 46 work participated engineers D.L. Itman, Yu.A. Kharkin, Ye.V. Shukin, V.B. Dub, and Ye.D. Kruglyak. Figures 2...design of geothermal electric power plants is the lack of precise starting data on the initial state of the working medium. Particularly important is to...difficult, because of a lack of precise criteria and because of the major role played here by organizational factors. Accounting procedures are often

  17. A Healthy Intervention

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    The Chinese Government has published Dietary Guidelines for Chinese Residents,advising people how to eat right"After living all these years, now I find thai I do not know what is the right food to eat,"lamented Ye Feilang,a 61-year-old retiree living in Beijing.Ye said he had so many misconcep- tions about food in the past.

  18. Role of IFN-gamma and IL-6 in a protective immune response to Yersinia enterocolitica in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Autenrieth Ingo B

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Yersinia outer protein (Yop H is a secreted virulence factor of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye, which inhibits phagocytosis of Ye and contributes to the virulence of Ye in mice. The aim of this study was to address whether and how YopH affects the innate immune response to Ye in mice. Results For this purpose, mice were infected with wild type Ye (pYV+ or a YopH-deficient Ye mutant strain (ΔyopH. CD11b+ cells were isolated from the infected spleen and subjected to gene expression analysis using microarrays. Despite the attenuation of ΔyopH in vivo, by variation of infection doses we were able to achieve conditions that allow comparison of gene expression in pYV+ and ΔyopH infection, using either comparable infection courses or splenic bacterial burden. Gene expression analysis provided evidence that expression levels of several immune response genes, including IFN-γ and IL-6, are high after pYV+ infection but low after sublethal ΔyopH infection. In line with these findings, infection of IFN-γR-/- and IL-6-/- mice with pYV+ or ΔyopH revealed that these cytokines are not necessarily required for control of ΔyopH, but are essential for defense against infection with the more virulent pYV+. Consistently, IFN-γ pretreatment of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM strongly enhanced their ability in killing intracellular Ye bacteria. Conclusion In conclusion, this data suggests that IFN-γ-mediated effector mechanisms can partially compensate virulence exerted by YopH. These results shed new light on the protective role of IFN-γ in Ye wild type infections.

  19. 基于cookie的精准广告投放技术及其法律边界刍议以朱烨诉百度公司隐私权纠纷为视角%Preliminary Discussion about Technology of Precision Advertising Based on Cookie and it's Legal Boundary——From the Perspective of Zhu Ye v.Baidu Infringement of Privacy Disputes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓阳

    2015-01-01

    鉴于cookie的专属性,利用网络用户的cookie信息进行精准广告投放行为的合法性愈来愈受到广泛质疑.由精准广告的实现过程可知,网络广告发布商可以在不向第三方透露用户cookie的情况下实现精准广告投放.但这并不意味着网络广告发布商就可对网络用户的cookie信息进行无节制地商业化利用,而仍应履行必要提示义务,并充分考虑cookie信息内容的隐私性和关联性,给网络用户选择权.

  20. The First Article of "Revolutionary Literature" Characterized by "Romantic Revolution"——On Significance of Literary Genre of YeJi in the History of Chinese Literature%"革命浪漫谛克"性质的"普罗文学"的发轫之作——论《野祭》在中国现代文学史上的文学样式意义

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    古大勇

    2007-01-01

    蒋光慈的小说《野祭》作为"革命浪漫谛克"性质的"普罗文学"发轫之作,具有此种流派文学的典型特征:崭新的革命题材与人物形象、"革命+恋爱"的结构模式、浓郁的主观抒情色彩、主观性"散文化"的情节结构等.《野祭》虽然存在一定缺陷,但它丰富拓展了现代文学多样化形态的艺术探索,在中国现代文学史上具有重要的文学样式意义.

  1. THE WORDS “KÜÇÜK”, “KİÇİK”, “KİÇİ” AND “KEÇİ” WHICH ARE STILL USED IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE YAŞAYAN “KÜÇÜK”, “KİÇİK”, “KİÇİ” VE “KEÇİ” SÖZCÜKLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncer GÜLENSOY

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available In this article we investigated several aspects and etimology of the word “küçük” which is still used with several voice shifts in Turkey Turkish, Turkey Turkish accents and Turkish dialects. Bu makalede Türkiye Türkçesinde, Türkiye Türkçesi ağızlarında ve Türk lehçelerinde çeşitli ses değişiklikleriyle yaşayan “küçük” kelimesinin görünümü ve kökeni üzerinde durulmuştur.

  2. Sīmā-ye mīrāṯ-e farhangī-e Qazvīn. Tehrān, Sazmān-e mīrāṯ-e farhangī, Mo‘āvenat-e mo‘arrefī va āmūzeš, 1382/2003, 155 p., cartes. [Le patrimoine culturel de Qazvīn

    OpenAIRE

    Hourcade, Bernard

    2007-01-01

    Ce guide de la province et de la ville de Qazvīn ne se limite pas aux nombreux monuments historiques de cette région (d’Alamūt aux palais safavides), mais présente aussi le patrimoine ethnographique, naturel et humain. Cette collection d’ouvrages (des volumes comparables ont été publiés sur d’autres provinces) contient des renseignements inédits ou rares, très utiles même pour un chercheur, mais on regrettera que les cartes soient toujours aussi médiocres et illisibles, donc inutilisables....

  3. BİR İŞLETMENİN UYGULADIĞI FARKLILAŞTIRMA STRATEJİSİNİN PAZARIN KURUMSAL DEĞİŞİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ: TÜRKİYE KUPON PAZARI ÖRNEĞİ - THE EFFECT OF ONE FIRM’S DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGY ON THE INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE OF THE MARKET: THE CASE OF TURKEY COUPON MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyüp Aygün TAYŞİR

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Günümüzde stratejik yönetim düşüncesi işletmeleraçısından büyük önem taşımaktadır. Hemen tüm işletmelervizyonlarından bahsetmekte ve bu vizyona ulaşmak için nasılbir strateji seçmeleri gerektiğini belirlemeye çalışmaktadırlar.Stratejik yönetimin başarıya ulaşmasında birçok faktörün rolüolduğu bilinmektedir. Bu anlamda teknoloji kavramı ileişletme stratejisi arasında da güçlü bir ilişki söz konusudur.Çalışma içerisinde hizmet sektöründe faaliyet gösteren vefarklılaştırma stratejisini benimseyen bir işletmenin teknolojistratejiuyumunu başarıyla ilişkilendirerek stratejikamaçlarına nasıl ulaştığı incelenmektedir. Buna ek olarak budurumun rakipler ve pazar yapısı üzerinde ne gibi etkileriolduğu da çalışma içerisinde ele alınan bir diğer konudur.Araştırmada incelenen örnek olay göstermektedir ki teknolojistratejiuyumunu sağlayan bir işletme; giriş engellerini aşma,rakiplerin öğrenme eğrilerini silme, farklılık yaratma,maliyetleri azaltma, yenilik ve iyileştirme elde etme gibiavantajlara sahip olabilmekte ve bu avantajlarla pazaryapısında özellikle yapılan işin teknolojisine ilişkinkurumların değişimini tetikleyebilmektedir.Abstract:Nowadays companies matter strategic managementidea. Almost every company mention their vision and try tofind out that which strategy should be followed in order toreach this vision. It is well known that various factors affectthe success of strategic management. One of these factors isabout the technology-strategy relation. In this study, it isanalyzed that how a service sector company could achieve itsstrategic goals by ensuring technology-strategy harmony. Inaddition, the effects of this case on the market structure andcompetition are analyzed. This case shows that companieswhich ensure the technology-strategy harmony gain thefollowing advantages: getting over the entry barriers, reducingthe effect of competitors’ learning curve, creating a differenceand innovating. Finally, this study argues that by using theseadvantages companies could trigger the institutional change inthe market in terms of the technology of the main processes ofthe job.

  4. Ethanol and Acetic Acid Production from Carbon Monoxide in a Clostridium Strain in Batch and Continuous Gas-Fed Bioreactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nalakath Abubackar, Haris; Veiga, María C.; Kennes, Christian

    2015-01-01

    The effect of different sources of nitrogen as well as their concentrations on the bioconversion of carbon monoxide to metabolic products such as acetic acid and ethanol by Clostridium autoethanogenum was studied. In a first set of assays, under batch conditions, either NH4Cl, trypticase soy broth or yeast extract (YE) were used as sources of nitrogen. The use of YE was found statistically significant (p supply, in order to estimate the effect of running conditions on products and biomass formation. The bioreactors were operated under different conditions, i.e., EXP1 (pH = 5.75, YE 1g/L), EXP2 (pH = 4.75, YE 1 g/L) and EXP3 (pH = 5.75, YE 0.2 g/L). When compared to EXP2 and EXP3, it was found that EXP1 yielded the maximum biomass accumulation (302.4 mg/L) and products concentrations, i.e., acetic acid (2147.1 mg/L) and ethanol (352.6 mg/L). This can be attributed to the fact that the higher pH and higher YE concentration used in EXP1 stimulated cell growth and did, consequently, also enhance metabolite production. However, when ethanol is the desired end-product, as a biofuel, the lower pH used in EXP2 was more favourable for solventogenesis and yielded the highest ethanol/acetic acid ratio, reaching a value of 0.54. PMID:25608591

  5. Effects of Combined Elicitors on Tanshinone Metabolic Profiling and SmCPS Expression in Salvia miltiorrhiza Hairy Root Cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yujia Liu

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Tanshinones are abietane-type norditerpenoid quinone natural products found in a well-known traditional Chinese medicinal herb, Salvia miltiorrhiza Bunge. The copalyl diphosphate synthase of S. miltiorrhiza (SmCPS is the key enzyme in the first step for transformation of geranylgeranyl diphosphate (GGPP into miltiradiene, which has recently been identified as the precursor of tanshinones. Based on previous gene-to-metabolite network, this study examined the influences of various combined elicitors on the expression of SmCPS and production of tanshinones in S. miltiorrhiza hairy root cultures. Combined elicitors were composed of three classes of elicitors, a heavy metal ion (Ag+, a polysaccharide (yeast extract, YE, and a plant response-signalling compound (methyl jasmonate, MJ. YE + Ag+, Ag+ + MJ, YE + MJ, and YE + Ag+ + MJ were the combinations we tested. The effect of elicitors on the SmCPS expression level was detected by quantitative real-time PCR (qRT-PCR, and the tanshinones accumulation responses to elicitation were analysed by Ultra Performance Liquid Chromatography (UPLC metabolite profiling. Of these combined elicitors, the expression of SmCPS was significantly enhanced by elicitation, especially at 24 h and 36 h. Of four tanshinones detected, the contents of cryptotanshinone and dihydrotanshinone I were enhanced by treatment with YE + Ag+, Ag+ + MJ, and YE + Ag+ + MJ. Our results indicate that appropriate combined elicitors can enhance tanshinones production in hairy root cultures.

  6. The mechanisms of complement activation in normal bovine serum and normal horse serum against Yersinia enterocolitica O:9 strains with different outer membrane proteins content.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miętka, K; Brzostek, K; Guz-Regner, K; Bugla-Płoskońska, G

    2016-01-01

    Yersinia enterocolitica is a common zoonotic pathogen and facultative intracellular bacterium which can survive within blood cells. Cattle and horses are considered a reservoir of Y. enterocolitica which often causes several serious syndromes associated with yersiniosis such as abortions, premature births or infertility. The aim of our investigation was to determine the vitality of Y. enterocolitica O:9 strains (Ye9) in bovine and horse sera (NBS and NHrS) and explain the role of outer membrane proteins (OMPs) in serum resistance of these bacteria. Our previous studies demonstrated moderate human serum (NHS) resistance of the wild type Ye9 strain, whereas mutants lacking YadA, Ail or OmpC remained sensitive to the bactericidal activity of NHS. The present study showed that the wild type of Ye9 strain was resistant to the bactericidal activity of both NHrS and NBS, while Ye9 mutants lacking the YadA, Ail and OmpC proteins were sensitive to NHrS and NBS as well as to NHS. The mechanisms of complement activation against Ye9 strains lacking Ail and YadA were distinguished, i.e. activation of the classical/lectin pathways decisive in the bactericidal mechanism of complement activation of NBS, parallel activation of the classical/lectin and alternative pathways of NHrS. In this research the mechanism of independent activation of the classical/lectin or the alternative pathway of NBS and NHrS against Ye9 lacking OmpC porin was also established. The results indicate that serum resistance of Ye9 is multifactorial, in which extracellular structures, i.e. outer membrane proteins (OMPs) such as Ail, OmpC or YadA, play the main role.

  7. Kanegelo ya Nimirode: Re lebelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe ka lefsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elelwani B. Farisani

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode e �omi�it�we go gatelela Bathobaso ba Afrika-Borwa le ba Amerika. Taodi�wana ye e lekola Nimirode ka lefsa le go t�ea magato a go bu�et�a seriti sa gagwe le sa Bathobaso sekeng.Seo se tlo dirwa ka dikgato t�e tlhano ka mo tlase. Sa mathomo, re tlo lekola dimelo t�a bana ba Noage, go kwe�i�a Nimirode, yo e lego yena �edi ye kgolo ya taodi�wana ye. Sa bobedi re tlo lebelela ka fao bangwadi ba bangwe ba t�welet�ago seswant�ho sa go befa sa Nimirode. Sa boraro, re tlo sekaseka tiri�o ya kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode go gatelela le go dira Bathobaso makgoba. Sa bone, re tlo sekaseka diphihlelelo le dikatlego t�a Nimirode. Mo re tlo tsepelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe t�e tharo t�e kgolo bjalo ka go ba mmu�i wa maemo, motsomi yo maatla le moagi. Nepo ya karolo ye ke go ganet�ana le tshekatsheko ya go se be botse ye e nepilwego Nimirode nakong ya go feta. Re tlo tlalelet�a ka go fa tshekatsheko ye e tebilego ya thogako godimo ga Hama/Ku�e/Nimirode. Sa bohlano, ebile e le sa mafelelo, re tlo t�welet�a nyanyeng bohlokwa bja kanegelo ya Nimirode go bao ba bego ba gatelet�we le go ba makgoba ka baka la temana ye. Re tlo nepi�a Afrika-Borwa.

  8. SETI at Planck Energy: When Particle Physicists Become Cosmic Engineers

    CERN Document Server

    Lacki, Brian C

    2015-01-01

    What is the meaning of the Fermi Paradox -- are we alone or is starfaring rare? Can general relativity be united with quantum mechanics? The searches for answers to these questions could intersect. It is known that an accelerator capable of energizing particles to the Planck scale requires cosmic proportions. The energy required to run a Planck accelerator is also cosmic, of order 100 M_sun c^2 for a hadron collider, because the natural cross section for Planck physics is so tiny. If aliens are interested in fundamental physics, they could resort to cosmic engineering for their experiments. These colliders are detectable through the vast amount of "pollution" they produce, motivating a YeV SETI program. I investigate what kinds of radiation they would emit in a fireball scenario, and the feasibility of detecting YeV radiation at Earth, particularly YeV neutrinos. Although current limits on YeV neutrinos are weak, Kardashev 3 YeV neutrino sources appear to be at least 30--100 Mpc apart on average, if they are ...

  9. Endogenous hydrogen peroxide is a key factor in the yeast extract-induced activation of biphenyl biosynthesis in cell cultures of Sorbus aucuparia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiu, Xiaofang; Lei, Caiyan; Huang, Lili; Li, Xing; Hao, He; Du, Zhigao; Wang, Hong; Ye, Hechun; Beerhues, Ludger; Liu, Benye

    2012-01-01

    Biphenyls are unique phytoalexins produced by plants belonging to Pyrinae, a subtribe of the economically important Rosaceae family. The formation of aucuparin, a well-known biphenyl, is induced by yeast extract (YE) in cell cultures of Sorbus aucuparia. However, the molecular mechanism underlying YE-induced activation of biphenyl biosynthesis remains unknown. Here we demonstrate that the addition of YE to the cell cultures results in a burst of reactive oxygen species (ROS; H(2)O(2) and O(2) (-)), followed by transcriptional activation of the biphenyl synthase 1 gene (BIS1) encoding the key enzyme of the biphenyl biosynthetic pathway and aucuparin accumulation. Pretreatment of the cell cultures with ROS scavenger dihydrolipoic acid and NADPH oxidase-specific inhibitor diphenylene iodonium abolished all of the above YE-induced biological events. However, when the cell cultures was pretreated with superoxide dismutase specific inhibitor N,N-diethyldithiocarbamic acid, although O(2) (-) continued to be generated, the H(2)O(2) accumulation, BIS1 expression and aucuparin production were blocked. Interestingly, exogenous supply of H(2)O(2) in the range of 0.05-10 mM failed to induce aucuparin accumulation. These results indicate that endogenous generation of H(2)O(2) rather than that of O(2) (-) is a key factor in YE-induced accumulation of biphenyl phytoalexins in cell cultures of S. aucuparia.

  10. Resonant Spin-Flavor Conversion of Supernova Neutrinos: Dependence on Electron Mole Fraction

    CERN Document Server

    Yoshida, T; Kimura, K; Yokomakura, H; Kawagoe, S; Kajino, T

    2009-01-01

    Detailed dependence of resonant spin-flavor (RSF) conversion of supernova neutrinos on electron mole fraction Ye is investigated. Supernova explosion forms a hot-bubble and neutrino-driven wind region of which electron mole fraction exceeds 0.5 in several seconds after the core collapse. When a higher resonance of the RSF conversion is located in the innermost region, flavor change of the neutrinos strongly depends on the sign of 1-2Ye. At an adiabatic high RSF resonance the flavor conversion of bar{nu}_e -> nu_{mu,tau} occurs in Ye 0.5 and inverted mass hierarchy. In other cases of Ye values and mass hierarchies, the conversion of nu_e -> bar{nu}_{mu,tau} occurs. The final bar{nu}_e spectrum is evaluated in the cases of Ye 0.5 taking account of the RSF conversion. Based on the obtained result, time variation of the event number ratios of low bar{nu}_e energy to high bar{nu}_e energy is discussed. In normal mass hierarchy, an enhancement of the event ratio should be seen in the period when the electron frac...

  11. Inhibitory effects of yuzu and its components on human platelet aggregation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kim, Tae-Ho; Kim, Hye-Min; Park, Se Won; Jung, Yi-Sook

    2015-03-01

    Our previous study demonstrated that yuzu has an anti-platelet effect in rat blood. In the present study, we examined whether the anti-platelet effect of yuzu can be extended to human blood by investigating its ability to inhibit aggregations induced by various agonists in human platelet rich plasma (PRP). This study also investigated the underlying mechanism of yuzu focusing on ADP granule secretion, TXB2 formations, and PLCγ/Akt signaling. The results from this study showed that ethanolic yuzu extract (YE), and its components, hesperidin and naringin, inhibited human platelet aggregation in a concentration-dependent manner. YE, hesperidin and naringin also inhibited TXB2 formation and ADP release. The phosphorylation of PLCγ and Akt was significantly inhibited by YE, heperidin and naringin. Furthermore, we demonstrated that YE, heperidin and naringin has anti-platelet effects in rat ex vivo studies, and lower side effects in mice tail bleeding time studies. The results from this study suggest that YE, hesperidin and naringin can inhibit human platelet aggregation, at least partly through the inhibition of PLCγ and Akt, leading to a decrease in TXB2 formation and granule secretion.

  12. Acceleration of yoghurt fermentation time by yeast extract and partial characterisation of the active components.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Esti-Andrine; Myburgh, Jacobus; Osthoff, Gernot; de Wit, Maryna

    2014-11-01

    Water soluble autolysate of yeast, usually utilised for microbial growth support, was used as additive in yoghurt fermentation. The yeast extract (YE) resulted in a decrease of fermentation time by 21% to reach a pH of 4·6. However, the YE resulted in unacceptable flavour and taste. By size exclusion chromatography, a fraction of the YE was obtained that could account for the observed 21% decrease in fermentation time. The fraction contained molecules of low molecular weight, consisting of minerals, free amino acids and peptides. The acceleration of the yoghurt fermentation was ascribed to the short peptides in the fraction. It is proposed that the application of this extract in industrial yoghurt manufacture would result in savings for both the industry and the consumer.

  13. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Supernova matter EOS (Buyukcizmeci+, 2014)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buyukcizmeci, N.; Botvina, A. S.; Mishustin, I. N.

    2017-03-01

    The Statistical Model for Supernova Matter (SMSM) was developed in Botvina & Mishustin (2004, PhLB, 584, 233 ; 2010, NuPhA, 843, 98) as a direct generalization of the Statistical Multifragmentation Model (SMM; Bondorf et al. 1995, PhR, 257, 133). We treat supernova matter as a mixture of nuclear species, electrons, and photons in statistical equilibrium. The SMSM EOS tables cover the following ranges of control parameters: 1. Temperature: T = 0.2-25 MeV; for 35 T values. 2. Electron fraction Ye: 0.02-0.56; linear mesh of Ye = 0.02, giving 28 Ye values. It is equal to the total proton fraction Xp, due to charge neutrality. 3. Baryon number density fraction {rho}/{rho}0 = (10-8-0.32), giving 31 {rho}/{rho}0 values. (2 data files).

  14. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 78, July - August 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    A F 29 SUSLOV YU F 50 TROSHIN A S 31 S SOLOMAKHO G 1 53 SUTUGIN A T 58 TROYAN YU G 68 SOLONENKO M G 67 SVAXHIN A S 36,80 TSEKHOMSKIY V A 73 SOLOV’YEV...ABEN KH K 60 ARUTYUNOV YE N 76,82 BELYAKOV YU M 10 ABLEKOV V K 40 ARUTYUNYAN E A 34 BELYANKO A YE 34 ABRANOVA A G 74 ARUTYUNYAN E M 27 BELYAYEV V K...AFONIN A V 58 ARUTYUNYAN V YE 67 BER B YA 29 AFONIN D G 13 ASHCHEULOV YU V 16 BEREZDETSKIY T I 60 AGEYEV A N 38 ASHITKOV S 1 65 BEREZHNOY A A 49,60

  15. On multi-level thinking and scientific understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Michael Edgeworth

    2017-10-01

    Professor Duzheng YE's name has been familiar to me ever since my postdoctoral years at MIT with Professors Jule CHARNEY and Norman PHILLIPS, back in the late 1960s. I had the enormous pleasure of meeting Professor YE personally in 1992 in Beijing. His concern to promote the very best science and to use it well, and his thinking on multi-level orderly human activities, reminds me not only of the communication skills we need as scientists but also of the multi-level nature of science itself. Here I want to say something (a) about what science is; (b) about why multi-level thinking—and taking more than one viewpoint—is so important for scientific as well as for other forms of understanding; and (c) about what is meant, at a deep level, by "scientific understanding" and trying to communicate it, not only with lay persons but also across professional disciplines. I hope that Professor YE would approve.

  16. Palabras homofonas y homografas en Español como consecuencia del yeismo

    OpenAIRE

    1990-01-01

    El artículo comienza con una breve introducción que define el yeísmo, enumera sus consecuencias, establece su origen histórico y extensión actual y valora su consideración social moderna. Pero nuestro objetivo consiste en realizar el inventario de las palabras homófonas que se crean en el español estándar por efecto de la identificación d e elle con ye . Así, las 4.150 palabras con elle y las 1.024 palabras con ye (20 a edición del diccionario académico, 1984) originan 134 pares mínimos (cien...

  17. L-lactic acid production by Lactobacillus casei fermentation with corn steep liquor-supplemented acid-hydrolysate of soybean meal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Zheng; Ding, Shaofeng; Li, Zhaopeng; Tan, Tianwei

    2006-12-01

    Batch and fed-batch fermentation studies were performed to evaluate the potential of corn steep liquor (CSL)-supplemented acid-hydrolysate of soybean meal (AHSM) as an alternative to yeast extract (YE) for the production of L-lactic acid by Lactobacillus casei LA-04-1. The CSL-supplemented AHSM gave an outstanding result in supporting L-lactic acid production from glucose. In the exponential fed-batch fermentation, the concentration, yield and productivity of L-lactic acid were 162.5 g/L, 89.7% and 1.69 g/L per h, respectively, which were lower than those with 20 g/L YE (180 g/L, 90.3%, 2.14 g/L per h) after 96 h of fermentation. However, the raw material cost of the nitrogen resource was estimated as only 25% of that using the YE.

  18. YEŞİL ÇAYIN AĞIZ VE DİŞ SAĞLIĞI ÜZERİNE ETKİSİ

    OpenAIRE

    KAVRIK, Fevzi; MEŞE, Merve; ÇOĞULU, Dilşah

    2015-01-01

    ÖZETÇay en çok tüketilen içeceklerden birisidir. Son 20 yıldır, insan sağlığı üzerine olumlu etkilerinin olması nedeniyle yeşil çaya ilgi giderek artmaktadır. Yeşil çayın kardiyovasküler rahatsızlık, obezite ve oral kanser insidansını azaltan, antifungal, antimikrobiyal ve antioksidan aktivite ve kolesterol düşürücü etkinlik gösteren biyolojik etkileri bulunmaktadır. Yeşil çayın polifenol içeriğinin Helicobakter pylori, metisilin dirençli Staphylococcus aureus, Streptococcus mutans, Streptoco...

  19. A geographic distribution database of Mononychellus mites (Acari, Tetranychidae) on cassava (Manihot esculenta).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vásquez-Ordóñez, Aymer Andrés; Parsa, Soroush

    2014-01-01

    The genus Mononychellus is represented by 28 herbivorous mites. Some of them are notorious pests of cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz), a primary food crop in the tropics. With the exception of Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar), their geographic distribution is not widely known. This article therefore reports observational and specimen-based occurrence data of Mononychellus species associated with cassava. The dataset consists of 1,513 distribution records documented by the International Center for Tropical Agriculture (CIAT) between 1975 and 2012. The specimens are held at CIAT's Arthropod Reference Collection (CIATARC). Most of the records are from the genus' native range in South America and were documented between 1980 and 2000. Approximately 61% of the records belong to M. tanajoa, 25% to M. caribbeanae (McGregor), 10% to M. mcgregori (Flechtmann and Baker) and 2% to M. planki (McGregor). The complete dataset is available in Darwin Core Archive format via the Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF).

  20. Development of plant protoplasts during the IML-1 mission

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rasmussen, O.; Bondar, R. L.; Baggerud, C.; Iversen, T.-H.

    1994-08-01

    During the 8 day IML-1 mission, regeneration of cell walls and cell divisions in rapeseed protoplasts were studied using the Biorack microscope onboard the Space Shuttle ``Discovery''. Samples from μ-g and 1g protoplast cultures were loaded on microscope slides. Visual microscopic observations were reported by the payload specialist Roberta Bondar, by down-link video transmission and by use of a microscope camera. Protoplasts grown under μ-g conditions do regenerate cell walls but to a lesser extent than under 1 g. Cell divisions are delayed under μ-g. Few cell aggregates with maximum 4-6 cells per aggregate are formed under μ-g conditions, indicating that microgravity may have a profound influence on plant cell differentiation.

  1. Hilbert space theory of classical electrodynamics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    RAJAGOPAL A K; GHOSE PARTHA

    2016-06-01

    Classical electrodynamics is reformulated in terms of wave functions in the classical phase space of electrodynamics, following the Koopman–von Neumann–Sudarshan prescription for classical mechanics on Hilbert spaces sans the superselection rule which prohibits interference effects in classical mechanics. This is accomplished by transforming from a set of commutingobservables in one Hilbert space to another set of commuting observables in a larger Hilbert space. This is necessary to clarify the theoretical basis of the much recent work on quantum-like features exhibited by classical optics. Furthermore, following Bondar et al, {\\it Phys. Rev.} A 88, 052108 (2013), it is pointed out that quantum processes that preserve the positivity or nonpositivity of theWigner function can be implemented by classical optics. This may be useful in interpreting quantum information processing in terms of classical optics.

  2. Effect of plasma and/or yeast extract on performance and intestinal morphology of piglets from 7 to 63 days of age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Leandro César Milagres Rigueira

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of diets supplemented with plasma and/or yeast extract on performance (daily weight gain [DWG], daily feed intake [DFI] and feed conversion [FC] and intestinal morphology of piglets from 7 to 63 days of age. A total of 288 piglets aged 7 days and weighing 2.57±0.05 kg were studied. A randomized block design consisting of four experimental diets, six repetitions and 12 piglets per experimental unit was adopted. The pre-starter I (7 to 21 days, pre-starter II (22 to 35 days and starter I (36 to 49 days diets were supplemented as follows: control diet (CD: no plasma or yeast extract; plasma (PL diet: addition of 6%, 4% and 2% plasma; yeast extract (YE diet: addition of 6%, 4% and 2% yeast extract; plasma + yeast extract (PL+YE diet: addition of 3%, 2% and 1% plasma and yeast extract each. From 50 to 63 days of age all piglets received the same diet. No difference in performance was observed from 7 to 21 days and from 7 to 28 days of age, whereas DWG was higher from 7 to 35 days in piglets receiving the PL+YE diet (268, 278, 271 and 288 g/day for CD, PL, YE and PL+YE, respectively. From 7 to 49 days and from 7 to 63 days, DWG (330 and 519 g/day, respectively and DFI (307 and 647 g/day were higher in animals receiving the PL-YE diet when compared with those consuming CD (DWG: 295 and 486 g/day; DFI: 266 and 594 g/day. No significant differences in intestinal morphology were observed between piglets receiving the different diets. The combination of plasma and yeast extract elevates DWG, but does not affect the intestinal morphology of piglets from 7 to 63 days of age.

  3. Ethanol and Acetic Acid Production from Carbon Monoxide in a Clostridium Strain in Batch and Continuous Gas-Fed Bioreactors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Haris Nalakath Abubackar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The effect of different sources of nitrogen as well as their concentrations on the bioconversion of carbon monoxide to metabolic products such as acetic acid and ethanol by Clostridium autoethanogenum was studied. In a first set of assays, under batch conditions, either NH4Cl, trypticase soy broth or yeast extract (YE were used as sources of nitrogen. The use of YE was found statistically significant (p < 0.05 on the product spectrum in such batch assays. In another set of experiments, three bioreactors were operated with continuous CO supply, in order to estimate the effect of running conditions on products and biomass formation. The bioreactors were operated under different conditions, i.e., EXP1 (pH = 5.75, YE 1g/L, EXP2 (pH = 4.75, YE 1 g/L and EXP3 (pH = 5.75, YE 0.2 g/L. When compared to EXP2 and EXP3, it was found that EXP1 yielded the maximum biomass accumulation (302.4 mg/L and products concentrations, i.e., acetic acid (2147.1 mg/L and ethanol (352.6 mg/L. This can be attributed to the fact that the higher pH and higher YE concentration used in EXP1 stimulated cell growth and did, consequently, also enhance metabolite production. However, when ethanol is the desired end-product, as a biofuel, the lower pH used in EXP2 was more favourable for solventogenesis and yielded the highest ethanol/acetic acid ratio, reaching a value of 0.54.

  4. LuxCDE-luxAB-based promoter reporter system to monitor the Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 gene expression in vivo

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bozcal, Elif; Dagdeviren, Melih; Uzel, Atac

    2017-01-01

    It is crucial to understand the in vitro and in vivo regulation of the virulence factor genes of bacterial pathogens. In this study, we describe the construction of a versatile reporter system for Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:3 (YeO3) based on the luxCDABE operon. In strain YeO3-luxCDE we integrated the luciferase substrate biosynthetic genes, luxCDE, into the genome of the bacterium so that the substrate is constitutively produced. The luxAB genes that encode the luciferase enzyme were cloned into a suicide vector to allow cloning of any promoter-containing fragment upstream the genes. When the obtained suicide-construct is mobilized into YeO3-luxCDE bacteria, it integrates into the recipient genome via homologous recombination between the cloned promoter fragment and the genomic promoter sequence and thereby generates a single-copy and stable promoter reporter. Lipopolysaccharide (LPS) O-antigen (O-ag) and outer core hexasaccharide (OC) of YeO3 are virulence factors necessary to colonization of the intestine and establishment of infection. To monitor the activities of the OC and O-ag gene cluster promoters we constructed the reporter strains YeO3-Poc::luxAB and YeO3-Pop1::luxAB, respectively. In vitro, at 37°C both promoter activities were highest during logarithmic growth and decreased when the bacteria entered stationary growth phase. At 22°C the OC gene cluster promoter activity increased during the late logarithmic phase. Both promoters were more active in late stationary phase. To monitor the promoter activities in vivo, mice were infected intragastrically and the reporter activities monitored by the IVIS technology. The mouse experiments revealed that both LPS promoters were well expressed in vivo and could be detected by IVIS, mainly from the intestinal region of orally infected mice. PMID:28235077

  5. Various grain substrates for the production of fruiting bodies and bioactive compounds of the medicinal caterpillar mushroom, Cordyceps militaris (Ascomycetes).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liang, Zeng-Chin; Liang, Chih-Hung; Wu, Chiu-Yeh

    2014-01-01

    In this study, several grains such as brown rice (Br), plumule rice (Pr), wheat (W) and pearl barley (Pb) supplemented with 1% (w/w) peptone (P), yeast extract (Ye), ammonia sulfate (As), and monosodium glutamate (Mg) as a nitrogen source, respectively, were used to produce fruiting bodies and bioactive compounds of two strains of Cordyceps militaris. Among these grain substrates, the substrate most suitable to mycelial growth was Pb+Ye for C. militaris H and L. The mushroom strains colonized this substrate in 12.8 and 12.6 days, respectively. For C. militaris L, the fewest days were required for primordial initiation on Br+Ye and Pr+P substrates. The highest yield and biological efficiency was observed with Pb substrate (25.16 g/bottle and 87.36%) and Br+P substrate (21.84 g/bottle and 75.83%) for C. militaris H and L, respectively. In the fruiting bodies of C. militaris H, the highest cordycepin content was cultivated on W+Mg substrate (25.07 mg/g), the highest mannitol content was cultivated with Pr+Mg (153.21 mg/g) and Pr (151.65 mg/g) substrates, and the highest adenosine content was cultivated with Pr+Ye (0.94 mg/g) and Pb+Ye (0.90 mg/g) substrates. In the fruiting bodies of C. militaris L, the highest cordycepin content was cultivated with W+Mg substrate (22.14 mg/g); the highest mannitol content was cultivated with Pb substrate (189.33 mg/g); and the highest adenosine content was cultivated with Pb+Ye substrate (0.71 mg/g).

  6. Dicty_cDB: Contig-U01152-1 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available BP002118 ) Ciona intestinalis cDNA, clone:ciad25e20, 5' end,... 48 0.001 3 ( CU617458 ) Theobroma cacao, mR...NA sequence (KZ0AAN4YE07FM1). 44 0.001 2 ( CU617341 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0AAN3YE07FM1). 44 0....001 2 ( CU616827 ) Theobroma cacao, mRNA sequence (KZ0AAN11YB02FM1). 44 0.001 2 (

  7. Some comments on the real limit for neutrinoless double beta decay of [sup 76]Ge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kirpichnikov, I.V. (Inst. for Theoretical and Experimental Physics, Moscow (USSR))

    1992-07-01

    Results of the UCSB/LBL and ITEP/YePI searches for neutrinoless double beta decay of [sup 76]Ge have been revised in attempt to understand real accuracy of the claimed lifetime limits. New value of the total energy of the decay and existence of gross-structure in the collected spectra were taken into account. The limit was proved to be T[sub 1/2] > 1x10[sup 24]y (90% CL) from analysis of the ITEP/YePI results. (orig.).

  8. Design and optimisation of new formulations of Belite-Alite Calcium Sulfoaluminate (BACSA) eco-cements

    OpenAIRE

    Londono-Zuluaga, Diana; SANTACRUZ, ISABEL; Tobón, Jorge Iván; Aranda, Miguel A. G.; De la Torre, Angeles G.

    2015-01-01

    Belite Calcium SulfoAluminate (BCSA) eco-cements were developed as OPC substitutes since in their production release 22% less CO2 than OPC. BCSA eco-cements contain belite as main phase (>50 wt%) and ye'elimite as secondary main phase (~30 wt%). However, these materials develop low mechanical strengths at intermediate hydration ages (3, 7 and 28 days). A solution to this problem may involve the design and preparation of clinker/cement with the highest percentage of coexisting alite and ye'eli...

  9. An Improved Predictor-Corrector Interior-Point Algorithm for Linear Complementarity Problems with √(-Iteration Complexity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Debin Fang

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper proposes an improved predictor-corrector interior-point algorithm for the linear complementarity problem (LCP based on the Mizuno-Todd-Ye algorithm. The modified corrector steps in our algorithm cannot only draw the iteration point back to a narrower neighborhood of the center path but also reduce the duality gap. It implies that the improved algorithm can converge faster than the MTY algorithm. The iteration complexity of the improved algorithm is proved to obtain √( which is similar to the classical Mizuno-Todd-Ye algorithm. Finally, the numerical experiments show that our algorithm improved the performance of the classical MTY algorithm.

  10. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments Number 53, May-June 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-20

    Gheorghe Gheorghiu-Dej Bucuresti. Seria chimie- metalurgie , no. 2, 1980, 21-28. (RZhF, 5/81, 5G272) 100. Kalugin, M.M., Ye.N. Kuz’minova, and S.Ye...spectral lines in ytterbium atoms by electron collisions. OiS, v. 50, no. 6, 1981, 1037-1045. 105. State prizes in 1980 for physics and astronomy...KE, no. 6, 1981, 1319-1321. 124. Rusanov, V.D., A.A. Fridman, and G.V. Sholin (23). Physics of a chemically active plasma with nonequilibrium

  11. Clinical Study on Treatment of Chronic Renal Failure with Shenshuailing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鞠建伟; 郭亚玲; 梁延平; 孙世宁; 杨建华; 杨素云

    2001-01-01

    The therapeutic effects of Shenshuailing Kou Fu Ye (SKFY肾衰灵口服液, the Oral Liquid for Renal Failure) and Shenshuailing Guan Chang Ye (SGCY肾衰灵灌肠液, the Enema for Renal Failure) were evaluated in treatment of chronic renal failure, with coateg aldehyde oxystarch as the controls. The changes in the clinical symptoms, serum creatinine, blood urea nitrogen and creatinine clearance rate were observed. The total effective rate in the former was 90.46%, and the latter 60.43%.

  12. 中国蛙科二新种及黑带水蛙种组的系统关系(两栖纲,蛙科)%TWO NEW SPECIES OF THE RANIDAE FROM CHINA, WITH PHYLOGENETIC RFLATIONSHIPS OF HYLARANA(SYLVIRANA)NIGROVITTATA GROUP(AMPHIBIA, ANURA)

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    费梁; 叶昌嫒; 江建平; 谢锋

    2008-01-01

    作者在云南南部的河口和勐腊等地先后采到与黑带水蛙局Hylarana(Sylvirana)nigrovittata(Blyth,1855)相近的两个不同类型的标本,它们曾被不同学者鉴定为黑带水蛙.经对比研究,它们应为两个不同的新种,即河口水蛙Hylarana(Sylvirana)hEKOUENSIS Fei,Ye et Jie,sp.nov.和勐腊水蛙Hylarana(Sylvirana)menglaensis Fei,Ye et Xie,sp.nov..

  13. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 60, July - August 1982.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-07-15

    Mozol’, and I.V. Fekeshgazi (6). Photoresists for recording pulsed laser radiation. Sb 2, 55-57. 161. Gorlin , G.B., V.V. Yegorov, V.M. Murugov, L.G...82, 7Ye338) 424. Gorlin , G.B., I.I. Komissarova, G.V. Ostrovskaya, Yu.l. Ostrovskiy, L.G. Paritskiv, V.N. Filippov, and Ye.N. Shedova (4). Spectrograph...P 69 ISAYEV A F 79 KHADZHI P r 84 GOR’ROV V P 86 ISAYEV I RH 87 KHARHAYEV A D 190 GORLIN G B 26,64 ISBASESCU m 94 RHAKIMOV A A 91 GORNYY M B 22

  14. Design, Fabrication and Test of an Integrated Built-In-Test (BIT) Control Unit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-10-01

    II 00 00 Im 0. N 0x tot ui 0 J~f C * 0 a I CL c. .4 cL’ U)J 00 in8 Three cables provide the interface between the B17 control unit and the power...5. Replace module and test again. Line 6. Blank STO ,I S On A-8 I Sample pin P36 wit nounce:ctr. Lin 4.A Blankv Ye No Most NegativeYe L n 3 Fault in

  15. Bīrjand-nāme. Bīrjand dar āġāz-e sade-ye čahārdahom-e ḫoršīdī. Édité par Dr. Maḥmūd Rafī‘ī, Tehrān, Hīrmand, 1381/2002-3, 824 p., appendices, index général, bibliogr., 28 ill. nb. [Le Livre de Birjand. Birjand au début du 14e s

    OpenAIRE

    Szuppe, Maria

    2007-01-01

    Il s’agit d’une édition posthume, par M. Rafī‘ī, des riches matériaux et des résultats de recherche partiels sur l’histoire et la culture de la ville historique de Bīrjand et de sa région, récoltés et étudiés par Jamāl Reḍā’ī (m. 1380/2001 lorsque le livre était pratiquement sous presse), auteur par ailleurs d’un lexique du parler de Bīrjand et d’autres études. Ce travail s’appuie d’un côté sur les sources éditées et des travaux historiques (voir notes et bibliographie), mais pour une grande ...

  16. "新音乐"创新问题研究的中国人视野——评叶松荣《断裂与失衡:中西视野下的西方20世纪"新音乐"创新的局限性分析》%The Chinese Perspective for Research on the Issue of "New Music" Originality: On Ye Songrong's Book Breaks and Unbalance: An Analysis on the Limitation of 20th Century Western New Music Creation in the Chinese and Western Perspectives

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王安国

    2009-01-01

    @@ 西方20世纪"新音乐",从呱呱坠地的那一刻起,就不断引起人们的争议.振聋发聩的"革命"宣言、颠覆传统的表现形式与质疑、批判、声讨之声相交织,彼此相左的观点针锋相对,百年来从未止息.

  17. Reconstruction of large mandibular defects using autologous tissues generated from in vivo bioreactors

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Tatara, A.M.; Shah, S.R.; Demian, N.; Ho, T.; Shum, J.; Beucken, J.J.J.P van den; Jansen, J.A.; Wong, M.E.; Mikos, A.G.

    2016-01-01

    Reconstruction of large mandibular defects is clinically challenging due to the need for donor tissue of appropriate shape and volume to facilitate high fidelity repair. In order to generate large vascularized tissues of custom geometry, bioreactors were implanted against the rib periosteum of 3-4ye

  18. Effects of Parental Expectations and Cultural-Values Orientation on Career Decision-Making Difficulties of Chinese University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, S. Alvin; Hou, Zhi-Jin; Gati, Itamar; Li, Xixi

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the effects of cultural-values conflict and parental expectations on the career decision-making difficulties of university students in three cities in China (Beijing, Wuhan, and Hong Kong, N = 1342). The Multidimensional Scales of Individual Traditionality and Modernity (Yang, Yu, & Ye, 1989) were used as a measure of…

  19. 1ST International Conference on Small Satellites: New Technologies, Achievements, Problems and Prospects for International Co-Operation in the New Millenium

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-01-01

    and Communication Task on the Base of Using Small-Size Spacecraft V. Viter, NPO MASH, I. Osipov, MNIIP, K. Cherevkov, RNII KP, E. Malamed , LOMO, V...NPO Mashinostroyenia 33 Gagarin Str., Reutov, Moscow Region 143952 Fax: (095) 302-2001 I.G. Osipov, MNIIP, K.V. Cherevkov, RNIIKP, Ye.R. Malamed

  20. An Information-Theoretical Approach to Studying Phoneme Collocational Constraints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-07-01

    for reading drafts of this thesis and providing many helpful comments; To my family. especially Jason . for giving me so much support and understanding...Pronunciation Spelling Pronunciation aisle ail lie lai peel pil av ai lisle lail peep pip aye ai loll lal pi pai eel il lollypop lalipap pie pal ye ai lop lap

  1. Potash and nitrogen in alfalfa-corn rotations: withholding pays dividends

    Science.gov (United States)

    With high fertilizer prices, farmers need to reevaluate the rates they apply in order to optimize their profitability. In on-farm work in Minnesota, we determined how much potash fertilizer was needed for the last year of alfalfa production and the amount of nitrogen fertilizer needed on the next ye...

  2. Active compounds in bitter melon might treat diabetes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ It seems like your mum was right. A study led by YE Yang with the CAS Institute of Meteria Medica in Shanghai, China and David Ernest James at the University of New South Wales in Sydney has shown that eating bitter melons really is good for you.

  3. The Development of In-Group Favoritism : Between Social Reality and Group Identity

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Verkuyten, Maykel; Wolf, Angela de

    2007-01-01

    This study examined how social reality restricts children’s tendency for in-group favoritism in group evaluations. Children were faced with social reality considerations and with group identity concerns. Using short stories, in this experimental study, conducted among 3 age groups (6-, 8-, and 10-ye

  4. Disentangling the causal relationships between work-home interference and employee health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooff, M.L.M. van; Geurts, S.A.E.; Taris, T.W.; Kompier, M.A.J.; Dikkers, J.S.E.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Heuvel, F.M.M. van den

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: The present study was designed to investigate the causal relationships between (time- and strain-based) work-home interference and employee health. The effort-recovery theory provided the theoretical basis for this study. Methods: Two-phase longitudinal data (with a 1-ye ar time lag) wer

  5. Nonlinear Effects in High Electric Fields

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-04-06

    Physical Review Letters (submitted...Kreuzer’ and X. Ye 2 Submitted to Physical Review Letters ’Fitz-Haber Institut der Max-Planck- Gesellschaft Fradayweg 4-6, 1000 Berlin 33, Germany and...Room 318 Columbus, OHk 43,22-1194 11. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Submitted to Physical Review Letters 12a. DISTR:9UTION AVAILA-I;LTY STATEMENT 12b.

  6. Cannes : seks ja revolutsioon / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : Ron Howardi "Da Vinci kood"("The Code Da Vinci"), hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), ungarlase Györgi Palfi "Taksidermia"

  7. Molaodi wa Bot§hot§hisi bja Setfihaba

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    kgatlhanong le Molaodi wa B0t.§hot§hz'si bja Set§haba, Lekala la Selegae la .... tlhalo§o ya semolao ya bosenyi bjo ke efe”.12 Ngangi§ano ye le yona e gan- .... tsheko ya molaotheo, gomme e be tshwani ka Lshwani”. 22 Mo go para 55. 111.

  8. Daidzein: A review of pharmacological effects | Sun | African Journal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Meng-Yao Sun, Ying Ye, Ling Xiao, Khalid Rahman, Wei Xia, Hong Zhang ... is an isoflavone with extensive nutritious value and is mainly extracted from soy plants. ... Results: Daidzein is reported to play a significant role in the prevention and ...

  9. Department o/Zoology, University 0/ Rhodesia

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Survival under conditions of DOn-replenishment of food and water IaICI'YeS ... tain the water balance of locusts is available (Uvarov 1966), the water .... during 1967 were at a basal temperature of 26,O°C, rising during the day ...... at 50% R.H. Locomotor (walking) activity within the limits possibJe in a small box does not.

  10. Disentangling the causal relationships between work-home interference and employee health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooff, M.L.M. van; Geurts, S.A.E.; Taris, T.W.; Kompier, M.A.J.; Dikkers, J.S.E.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Heuvel, F.M.M. van den

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: The present study was designed to investigate the causal relationships between (time- and strain-based) work-home interference and employee health. The effort-recovery theory provided the theoretical basis for this study. Methods: Two-phase longitudinal data (with a 1-ye ar time lag)

  11. Catchment management in semi-arid area of central South Africa ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    South Africa: Strategy for improving water productivity. YE Woyessa1*, M ... for water. This accentuates the need for wise decisions by catchment management agencies (CMAs), espe- ... the natural systems. ..... 8 provide additional economic support .... vation techniques on small plots in semi-arid areas to enhance rain-.

  12. Characteristics of molecular changes in lespedeza plants after ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2009-09-15

    Sep 15, 2009 ... To investigate the effect of space flight factors on lespedeza seeds, dry seeds of Lespedeza ... primarily concerned with the protection of both humans ..... Mei M, Qiu Y, Sun Y, Huang R, Yao J, Zhang Q, Hong M, Ye J (1998).

  13. Tanshinones as Effective Therapeutic Agents for Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Y. Tian, T.-F. Chen, W. Ye, L. Li, F. Ni, J.-R. Zhou: Construction and screening of fractional library of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for the rapid...glutathione perturbation. Food Chem Toxicol 2008;46: 328–38. 19. Singh AV, Franke AA, Blackburn GL, Zhou JR. Soy phytochemicals prevent orthotopic growth and

  14. Impact of neutrino flavor oscillations on the neutrino-driven wind nucleosynthesis of an electron-capture supernova

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Pllumbi; I. Tamborra; S. Wanajo; H.-T. Janka; L. Hüdepohl

    2015-01-01

    Neutrino oscillations, especially to light sterile states, can affect nucleosynthesis yields because of their possible feedback effect on the electron fraction (Ye). For the first time, we perform nucleosynthesis calculations for neutrino-driven wind trajectories from the neutrino-cooling phase of a

  15. Onderzoek naar de bron van een epidemie van legionellose na de Westfriese Flora in Bovenkarspel

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Boer JW den; Yzerman E; Schellekens J; Bruin JP; Leeuwen W van; Mooijman K; Veenendaal H; Bergmans AMC; Zee AN van der; Ketel RJ van; Tijsen H; Conyn-van Spaendonck MAE; Stichting Streeklaboratorium; Kennisinstituut voor water (KIWA); Stichting Streeklaboratorium Tilburg; Academisch Medisch Centrum, Amsterdam; Inspectie van Volksgezondheid en Waren; CIE; MGB; LIS; IMA

    2000-01-01

    In March 1999 results from an exploratory case-control study indicated that the most probable origin of a large epidemic of legionnaire's disease had to be directly located at or in the surroundings of the Westfriese Flora (WF) in Bovenkarspel (Province of Noord-Holland, Netherlands). The WF is a ye

  16. Soviet Developments in Material Science No. 1, January - June 1975

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-11-30

    Lipatov, Yu. S., A. Ye. Nesterov, L. M. Sergeyeva, L. V. Karabanova, and T. D. Ignatova . Thermodynamics of mutually penetrating...sintered corundum versus its porosity. Problemy prochnosti, no. 1, 1975, 94-96. ^51, Ignatova , T. S., L. V. Uzberg and V. A. Perepelitsyn. Effect of a

  17. Ciclohexadespipeptide beauvericin degradation by different strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meca, G; Zhou, T; Li, X Z; Ritieni, A; Mañes, J

    2013-09-01

    The interaction between the mycotoxin beauvericin (BEA) and 9 yeast strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae named LO9, YE-2, YE5, YE-6, YE-4, A34, A17, A42 and A08 was studied. The biological degradations were carried out under aerobic conditions in the liquid medium of Potato Dextrose Broth (PDB) at 25°C for 48 h and in a food/feed system composed of corn flour at 37°C for 3 days, respectively. BEA present in fermented medium and corn flour was determined using liquid chromatography coupled to the mass spectrometry detector in tandem (LC-MS/MS) and the BEA degradation products produced during the fermentations were determined using the technique of the liquid chromatography coupled to a linear ion trap (LIT). Results showed that the S. cerevisiae strains reduced meanly the concentration of the BEA present in PDB by 86.2% and in a food system by 71.1%. All the S. cerevisiae strains used in this study showed a significant BEA reduction during the fermentation process employed.

  18. A Fresh Pair of Eyes : A Blind Observation Method for Evaluating Social Skills of Children with ASD in a Naturalistic Peer Situation in School

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dekker, Vera; Nauta, Maaike H.; Mulder, Erik J.; Sytema, Sjoerd; de Bildt, Annelies

    2016-01-01

    The Social skills Observation Measure (SOM) is a direct observation method for social skills used in naturalistic everyday situations in school. This study describes the development of the SOM and investigates its psychometric properties in 86 children with Autism spectrum disorder, aged 9.8-13.1 ye

  19. DMPD: Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 15189145 Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. Ishii I, Fukushima N, Y...e X, Chun J. Annu Rev Biochem. 2004;73:321-54. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology.... PubmedID 15189145 Title Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. Authors

  20. Tshempionat mira po kino / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"). Ka vene filmi kohaloleku probleemidest Cannes'is

  1. Proceedings of International Conference on the Role of the Polar Regions in Global Change Held in Fairbanks Alaska on 11-15 June 1990. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-03-01

    wind driven circulation of ice and oscillations of the Arctic Ocean sea level, Meteorologia i water in a Polar Ocean, J. Geophys. Res., 70, 3279-3301...Severa, 2, 16-46, the Arctic Ocean sea level, Meteorologia i Hydrologia, 2, 1958. 57-65, 1988. Gudkovich, Z. M., and Ye. G. Nikiforov, Experimental

  2. Polysaccharides from Polygonatum odoratum strengthen antioxidant ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    . Purpose: To investigate the potential effects of polysaccharides isolated from ... groups were treated with different doses (150, 300, and 600 mg/kg) of PPO, ..... anti-fatigue properties. .... Zhao XN, Liang JL, Chen HB, Liang YE, Guo HZ, Su ZR,.

  3. Inhibitory effect of puerarin on proliferation of retinoblastoma cells ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Methods: The effect of puerarin was examined on human retinoblastoma Y79 cells ... International Pharmaceutical Abstract, Chemical Abstracts, Embase, Index Copernicus, EBSCO, African. Index Medicus, JournalSeek, Journal Citation Reports/Science Edition, ..... Hou SZ, Su ZR, Chen SX, Ye MR, Huang S, Liu L, Lai. XP.

  4. Mass Varying Neutrinos in Supernovae

    CERN Document Server

    Rossi-Torres, F; de Holanda, P C; Peres, O L G

    2010-01-01

    We study limits for the mass varying neutrino model, using constrains from supernova neutrinos placed by the r-process condition, $Y_e<0.5$. Also, we use this model in a supernova environment to study the regions of survival probability in the oscillation space parameter ($\\tan^2\\theta$ and $\\Delta m^2_0$), considering the channel $\

  5. A simple and efficient procedure to enhance artemisinin content in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    SERVER

    2007-06-18

    Jun 18, 2007 ... harvesting of A. annua can influence artemisinin produc- tion in A. annua ... watered by normal nutrient solution (33 mg/l NH4NO3, 38 mg/l. KNO3, 8.8 mg/l ..... Res. 1: 15-25. Xie DY, Zou ZR, Ye HC, Li GF, Guo ZC (2001).

  6. Role and Mechanism of Structural Variation in Progression of Breast Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Ira M. Hall1,3,5 1Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics, University of Virginia, Charlottesville, Virginia 22903, USA; 2Department of...multiple myeloma patients. Blood 118: 675–678. Mills RE, Walter K, Stewart C, Handsaker RE, Chen K, Alkan C, Abyzov A, Yoon SC, Ye K, Cheetham RK, et

  7. Sex Hormone Binding Globulin Deficiency Due to a Homozygous Missense Mutation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vos, M. J.; Mijnhout, G. S.; Rondeel, J. M. M.; Baron, W.; Groeneveld, P. H. P.

    2014-01-01

    Context: SHBG is known as the major sex steroid binding protein in plasma, and it regulates the bioavailability of both T and estradiol levels required for effects on target tissues. We identified a man with an undetectable SHBG concentration in combination with low total T. He presented with a 7-ye

  8. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Life Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Drug Shortages in Uzbekistan (V. Petrunek; PRAVDA VOSTOKA, 26 Mar 87) 61 Drug Addiction and Rehabilitation (Ye. Kolesnikova; SOTSIALISTICHESKAYA...activity of phytohormones, enzymes, carbohydrate metabolism, structural and functional changes of membranes, their lipid and fatty acid composition...drug addicts , other doctors prescribing only a single drug because they are unaware of any other being just as effective, drugs being shipped repeatedly

  9. Effects of Parental Expectations and Cultural-Values Orientation on Career Decision-Making Difficulties of Chinese University Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leung, S. Alvin; Hou, Zhi-Jin; Gati, Itamar; Li, Xixi

    2011-01-01

    This study examined the effects of cultural-values conflict and parental expectations on the career decision-making difficulties of university students in three cities in China (Beijing, Wuhan, and Hong Kong, N = 1342). The Multidimensional Scales of Individual Traditionality and Modernity (Yang, Yu, & Ye, 1989) were used as a measure of…

  10. Genetic and Hemostatic Risk Factors for Stroke

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E.G. van den Herik (Evita)

    2011-01-01

    textabstractCardiovascular disorders are the main causes of death worldwide, with stroke accounting for 9-10% of all deaths1,2. Moreover, stroke is the most frequent cause of disability in the western world3. In the Netherlands alone, over 39,000 persons are admitted to hospitals with stroke each ye

  11. Influence of dental education in motivational interviewing on the efficacy of interventions for smoking cessation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    M. Schoonheim-Klein; C. Gresnigt; U. van der Velden

    2013-01-01

    Aim To test whether education of dental students in motivational interviewing (MI) for smoking cessation counselling will increase the number of patients and students who quit smoking and will improve knowledge and attitudes of dental students towards tobacco cessation counselling. Methods Over 2 ye

  12. Waterborne Commerce of the United States, Calendar Year 1986. Part 1. Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-05-31

    COSMS NENLLOCAL IMPORTS_ REPORTS RECEIPTS SHIPMENTS RECEIPTS SHIPMEnTS1 29S1 ASPHALT BUJILDING MATERIALS ---------------------- SI.................5...TOTAL ’ASSENGER I, TWs - TOTAL MI CARGO I YE TVT GAY CARDO TUGA.A CAPE PORPOISE 4ARBOR, "AIL IUi OUTnND TOTAL, 6 AI, LESS . . . . . ..- I I CARVERS

  13. Cross-stimulation during lead impedance monitoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beaufort-Krol, GCM; Bink-Boelkens, MTE; Nagelkerke, D; van Gelder, BM

    2001-01-01

    At the age of 4 years, a total cavopulmonary connection was performed in a boy with a complex congenital heart defect. On addition, a DDDR pacemaker was implanted for sick sinus syndrome. Atrial and ventricular leads were epicardially placed at the left atrium and left ventricle. At the age of 10 ye

  14. Factors affecting-the dye sewage decolorization by fungi in open-air conditions%开放体系中染料废水真菌脱色影响因素研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张卉; 周宇; 夏绯

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to detect the decolorizing effect of unsterilized dye sewage on the filamentous fungi in open condition. As a matter of fact, about 10 to 20 percent of dyes produced in dyeing and furnishing, textile and papermaking industries are allowed to be released into the environment with the sewage, which has in turn become toxic pollutants to the growth of aquatic plants and animal creatures. It is coming from this urgent need for environmental pollution that we have screened out fungus strain YE104 with the dye sewage decolorizing properties from 15 such strains by utilizing commonly used dye reactive turquoise blue KN - G through agar plate culture, slide culture and colony morphology observation. Along with the above experiments, we have also done the L&(2 ) orthogonal test in hoping to find the optimal mycelium growth condition with the biomass as the standard condition. And, subsequently, we have made L9 (34) orthogonal test aiming to detect the conditions of dye sewage decolorization of YE104 in open-air conditions. Comparing the results of our experiments, we have found that the decolorizing rates of different kinds of dye sewage by YE 104. The actual results can be shown as follows: the strain YE104 can be identified as Peni-cillium ochraceum; the optimum media of YE 104 mycelium growth are coming from the glucose 5 g/L, ammonium sulfate 1 g/L, KH2PO4 1 g/L, MgSO4 0.5 g/L and the optimal cultivate conditions are pH5.5, with the rotation rate at 120 r/min, the inoculum rate of 10% , and shaking culture for 48 h. Under the above conditions, it is possible to turn the mycelium biomass of YE 104 into 27.46 g/L. We have also confirmed that the optimal dye sewage decolorizing conditions in an open system of YE104 should be mycelium inoculum of 3 g/L, dye sewage concentration of 100 mg/L and mycelium untreated . Under such conditions, it is possible to make the dye decolorizing rate of YE104 reach 98.36% . Factors affecting dye sewage

  15. Flying Qualities and Performance Evaluation of the Breguet 941 Turbo-Prop Troop Transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    1964-01-01

    evaluated by the U. S. Army. S3 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY - -7 FOR OFFICIAL USE ONLY Flying Qualities and Performance Evaluacion of tYe Breguet 941 Turbo...seats were installed. Breguet personnel stated that production versions would incorporate non-skid floors and an integral cargo roller system. 18. The

  16. Intensifying drought eliminates the expected benefits of elevated [CO2] for soybean

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stimulation of C3 crop yield by rising [CO2] is widely expected to counteract crop losses to greater drought this century. But these expectations come from sparse field trials that have been biased towards mesic growth conditions. This eight-year study used precipitation manipulations and year-to-ye...

  17. Human Behavior and Performance as Essential Ingredients in Realistic Modeling of Combat - MORIMOC II. Proceedings of the Military Operations Research Society Mini-Symposium Held in Alexandria, Virginia on 22-24 February 1989. Volume 1

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-05-01

    not ye t seen a big MORS symposium f i r s t hand, I descr ibe i t a s something l i k e a 30 r ing c i r c u s . The re ’ s more going on...red fighters. Finally an automatic distribution of airborne target assignments ( ADATA ) system greatly reduced workload by substantially reducing

  18. Low Noise Mid-Wavelength IR Photodetectors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-02-19

    Hossein Lotfi, Hao Ye, Joel C. Keay, Tetsuya D. Mishima , Michael B. Santos, and Matthew B. Johnson at the University of Oklahoma (OU). Research at...improve solar cell performance?” Prog. Photovolt. Res. Appl. 17, 57- 66 (2009). 18. R. Q. Yang, Z. Tian, J. F. Klem, T. D. Mishima , M. B. Santos, and M. B

  19. Area-Wide Management of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the New Orleans French Quarter

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (FST) was first introduced to the continental US after WWII. New Orleans’ French Quarter (FQ) in particular has been severely impacted experiencing reoccurring cycles of damages and repairs since FST was introduced to the region 65 ye...

  20. Yeast probiotic supplementation mitigates some of the negative effects of heat stress in feedlot heifers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heat stress (HS) in feedlot cattle can be detrimental to performance, health and profitability; however, utilization of feed additives has the potential to mitigate some of these negative effects. Therefore, this study was designed to determine if supplementation of a combination live yeast and ye...

  1. Response of zooplankton to nutrient enrichment and fish in shallow lakes: a pan-European mesocosm experiment

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Vakkilainen, K.; Kairesalo, T.; Hietala, J.; Balayla, D.; Bécares, E.; van de Bund, W.; Van Donk, E.; Fernández-Aláez, M.; Gyllström, M.; Hansson, L-A.; Rosa Miracle, M.; Moss, B.; Romo, S.; Rueda, J.; Stephen, D.

    2004-01-01

    1. Responses of zooplankton to nutrient enrichment and fish predation were studied in 1998 and 1999 by carrying out parallel mesocosm experiments in six lakes across Europe. 2. Zooplankton community structure, biomass and responses to nutrient and fish manipulation showed geographical and year-to-ye

  2. The Coast Artillery Journal. Volume 74, Number 1, January 1931

    Science.gov (United States)

    1931-01-01

    feet aboYe SE’a IE’wl; the densities at 2.250 fept and :i,750 feet abo,"e spa lewl rpprespnt the densities in the third and fourth zonps, re- spectiwly...last appointment. In such cafier; neithrr profesfiional E’xamination nor vacancy ,yill be required and suspension .of appointments in the particular

  3. Long-term associations of childhood suicide ideation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herba, Catherine M.; Ferdinand, Robert F.; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: We investigated in a prospective longitudinal population-based study whether childhood suicide ideation is associated with negative mental health outcome in adulthood. Method: A total of 1,022 Dutch children who were 11 years or younger in 1983 were prospectively followed over 10 to 14 ye

  4. Low-frequency Target Strength and Abundance of Shoaling Atlantic Herring (Clupea harengus) in the Gulf of Maine during the Ocean Acoustic Waveguide Remote Sensing 2006 Experiment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    currently valid OMB control number. 1. REPORT DATE JAN 2010 2. REPORT TYPE 3. DATES COVERED 00-00-2010 to 00-00-2010 4. TITLE AND SUBTITLE Low...the presence of bladder fish,” in Un- derwater Acoustics, edited by V. M. Albers Plenum, New York, 1967, Vol. 2, pp. 55–88. 63Z. Ye, “Low-frequency

  5. Abstracts from Naihuo Cailiao (Refractories)——A Chinese-Language Bimonthly

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    @@ Synthesis of MeAl2O4 spinel from mechanically ac-tivated mixtures of magnesium hydroxide-boehm-ite or-aluminum tri-hydroxide.Ye Guotian,GeorgeOprea,Tom Troczynski.(321-325).Magnesium alu-minate spinel.Mechanical activation,Synthesis-Magne-sium hydroxide,boehmite and amorphous aluminum tri-hydroxide were used as the starting materials.

  6. Last tango in mid-air for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    TheYE-1 end-cap is the last CMS component to wave goodbye to the green grass of Cessy and plunge into the depths of the CMS cavern, bringing to an end a procession of spectacular descents lasting 15 months. See the video at the end of the article!

  7. The influence of family history on prostate cancer risk : implications for clinical management

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Madersbacher, Stephan; Alcaraz, Antonio; Emberton, Mark; Hammerer, Peter; Ponholzer, Anton; Schroeder, Fritz H.; Tubaro, Andrea

    2011-01-01

    A family history of prostate cancer has long been identified as an important risk factor for developing the disease. This risk factor can be easily assessed in clinical practice and current guidelines recommend to initiate prostate cancer early detection 5 years earlier (i.e. around the age of 40 ye

  8. Distribution of microcystins in a lake foodweb: no evidence for biomagnification

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ibelings, B.W.; Bruning, K.; De Jonge, J.; Wolfstein, K.; Pires, L.M.D.; Postma, J.; Burger, T.

    2005-01-01

    Microcystins, toxins produced by cyanobacteria, may play a role in fish kills, although their specific contribution remains unclear. A better understanding of the eco-toxicological effects of microcystins is hampered by a lack of analyses at different trophic levels in lake foodwebs. We present 3 ye

  9. Arsen i fiskeoljer

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sele, Veronika; Sloth, Jens Jørgen; Julshamn, Kåre

    2013-01-01

    Fiskeoljer kan inneholde relativt høye konsentrasjoner av grunnstoffet arsen. I fiskeoljer finnes arsen i form av fettløselige arsenforbindelser; arsenolipider. Dette er en forholdsvis ny gruppe arsenholdige forbindelser som en i dag har begrenset kunnskap om. Hvilke kjemiske forbindelser av...

  10. Heavy metals balance in Polish and Dutch agronomy : Actual state and previsions for the future

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dach, J.; Starmans, D.A.J.

    2005-01-01

    This paper presents the state of agro-ecosystem contamination with heavy metals in relation to the level of agricultural development. For this, the Polish and Dutch agricultural situations were compared. The intensive animal and vegetable production observed in the Netherlands over the past 20-30 ye

  11. Love Needs a Home

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    This Valentine’s Day could have beend ismaying for two young lovers who de-cided to spend it at home.The host,26-year-old Ye Fei,who is originally from Hubei Province and works as an editor for a news-

  12. On the value distribution of f + a(f’)~n

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Lawrence; ZALCMAN

    2008-01-01

    Let f be a transcendental meromorphic function,a a nonzero finite complex number,and n 2 a positive integer.Then f + a(f’)n assumes every complex value infinitely often.This answers a question of Ye for n = 2.A related normality criterion is also given.

  13. Friendship Activities in Brief

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    <正>At the invitation of the Council for the Promotionof Overseas Investment of Libya and the Agency for the Promotion of Foreign Investment of Tunisia, a China-Arab Friendship Association (CAFA) delegation of local officials and entrepreneurs headed by Ye Rongbao, vice

  14. Out of Juice!

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HAYETSELLAMI

    2005-01-01

    Professor Qi Ye often drives a few hours to visit his friend's restaurant in north Beijing. “One night, we were all having dinner at the restaurant when the power went out,” he says. “My friend was not surprised,

  15. Sub clinical vitamin A deficiency and anemia among Vietnamese children less than five years of age

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Khan, N.C.; Ninh, N.X.; Nhien, N.V.; Khoi, H.H.; West, C.E.; Hautvast, J.G.A.J.

    2007-01-01

    The objective of the study was to assess the prevalence of sub clinical vitamin A deficiency and anemia in Vietnamese children. For this, a cross-sectional survey was conducted in 40 villages (clus-ters) of four ecological regions in Vietnam during Apr-May 2001. In total 1657 children less than 5 ye

  16. Flow cytometry total cell counts: a field study assessing microbiological water quality and growth in unchlorinated drinking water distribution systems

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Liu, G.; Van der Mark, E.J.; Verberk, J.Q.; Van Dijk, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    e objective of this study was to evaluate the application of flow cytometry total cell counts (TCCs) as a parameter to assess microbial growth in drinking water distribution systems and to determine the relationships between different parameters describing the biostability of treated water. A one-ye

  17. Distraction osteogenesis in the irradiated mandible. A case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raghoebar, GM; Jansma, J; Vissink, A; Roodenburg, JLN

    2005-01-01

    Background: Distraction osteogenesis has been suggested as a relatively simple method of mandibular reconstruction following ablative head and neck surgery. Some authors report good results in irradiated patients while other authors report limitations with this group of patients. Patient: In a 72-ye

  18. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YDR311W, YMR294W [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available Rows with this bait as prey (0) YMR294W JNM1 Component of the yeast dynactin complex, consisting of Nip100p...ows with this bait as prey Rows with this bait as prey (0) Prey ORF YMR294W Prey gene name JNM1 Prey description Component of the ye

  19. Yeast Interacting Proteins Database: YBR288C, YGR261C [Yeast Interacting Proteins Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available bait (1) Rows with this bait as prey (0) YGR261C APL6 Beta3-like subunit of the yeast AP-3 complex; functio...rey (0) Prey ORF YGR261C Prey gene name APL6 Prey description Beta3-like subunit of the ye

  20. Detection of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 in the faeces of cattle with false positive reactions in serological tests for brucellosis in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, Don; Kenny, Kevin; Power, Seamus; Egan, John; Ryan, Fergus

    2016-10-01

    Intestinal infection by Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 (YeO9) in cattle has been linked to false positive serological reactivity (FPSR) in diagnostic tests for brucellosis. Although eradicated in Ireland, brucellosis monitoring still identifies seropositive animals, usually one or two (termed singletons) per herd, which are classed as FPSR. To investigate a link between FPSR and YeO9, faeces and blood were collected from singleton FPSR cattle, and from companion animals, in eight selected herds with more than one FPSR animal, for YeO9 culture and Brucella serology. YeO9 was isolated from 76/474 (16%) FPSR singletons in 309 herds, but not from any of 621 animals in 122 control non-FPSR herds. In the FPSR herds 52/187 (27.8%) animals were culture positive, and 17% of the isolates were from seronegative animals. Seropositive animals were more likely to have a rising antibody titre when culture positive. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  1. Marine litter monitoring by northern fulmars: progress report 2002

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Franeker, van J.A.; Meijboom, A.

    2003-01-01

    An earlier pilot study on litter contents in stomachs of fulmars indicated that this seabird can be used as a suitable indicator of levels of marine litter pollution on the North Sea off the Dutch coast. This progress report updates the existing dataset with data on fulmar stomach contents in the ye

  2. Boundary Layer Dust Occurrence III Atmospheric Dust Over Russia

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-05-01

    the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Agricultural Afforestation for 1941-1942], Moscow, 1946. 16. Gritsenko , I. F., "A Black Storm...34 Odessa, 1893. 4. Gritsenko , I. F., "A Black Storm in the Winter of 1951 in the Donets Basin," Priroda, No. 12, 1951. 5. D’yachenko, A. Ye

  3. AcEST: DK959352 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available sp|Q9Y3X0|CCDC9_HUMAN Coiled-coil domain-containing protein 9 OS... 31 2.6 sp|Q9YPS7|BC1_MYMVV Movement pro...: 421 DEEWEDIS-EDEEEEEIEVEEGDEEEPAQDHQAPEAAPTGI 460 >sp|Q9YPS7|BC1_MYMVV Movement protein BC1 OS=Mungbean ye

  4. Cannes : seks ja revolutsioon / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : Ron Howardi "Da Vinci kood"("The Code Da Vinci"), hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), ungarlase Györgi Palfi "Taksidermia"

  5. USSR Report, Life Sciences, Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-05

    of the Fusarium variety (F.oxysporum--the dominant type, F. solani , F. culmorum, F. semitectum, F. sporotrichiella, F. gibbosum) are imost widespread...Trikhodermin and Fusarium Wilt ..................... 16 SYSTEMS. METHODS. RESOURCES. Pashchenko, I. N., Makhinya, P. V., Doroshchuk, Ye. M. Integrated... Fusarium oxysporum and F. vasinfectum, which were propagat- ed on steamed oats. Selected for protecting cotton was Trichodermin raised on oats (120

  6. Distraction osteogenesis in the irradiated mandible. A case report

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Raghoebar, GM; Jansma, J; Vissink, A; Roodenburg, JLN

    2005-01-01

    Background: Distraction osteogenesis has been suggested as a relatively simple method of mandibular reconstruction following ablative head and neck surgery. Some authors report good results in irradiated patients while other authors report limitations with this group of patients. Patient: In a 72-ye

  7. JPRS Report, Science and Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    second nature and tered both before and after irradiation. The effects of represent a form of internal automation may be used to taurine were...2 Effects of Taurine on Cytogenetic Corneal Disturbances Induced in Mice by 9 GeV Protons [S. V. Vorozhtsova, Ye...30 System of Natural Physiologically Active Peptides [A. A. Zamnyalnin

  8. Accumulated effects on landscape pattern by hydroelectric cascade exploitation in the Yellow River basin from 1977 to 2006

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ouyang, W.; Skidmore, A.K.; Hao, F.H.; Toxopeus, A.G.; Abkar, A.

    2009-01-01

    The accumulated impacts of hydroelectric cascade exploitation (HCE) on the landscape are greater than the simple sum of the impacts from a single dam. The spatial–temporal landscape characteristics resulting from the accumulated impacts of HCE from 1977 to 2006 in Longliu Watershed, a part of the Ye

  9. Production and characterization of ectoine by Marinococcus sp. ECT1 isolated from a high-salinity environment.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wei, Yu-Hong; Yuan, Fang-Wei; Chen, Wei-Chuan; Chen, Shan-Yu

    2011-03-01

    A halophilic bacterium isolated from a salt environment in southern Taiwan was identified as a Marinococcus sp. ECT1. This bacterium could synthesize and accumulate intracellular ectoine as a compatible solute capable of resisting osmotic stress in a hyper-osmotic environment. This study also developed a semi-synthesized medium (YAMS medium), capable of facilitating the growth of this Marinococcus sp. ECT1 with 600 mg/L crude ectoine production. Moreover, Marinococcus sp. ECT1 was grown on YAMS medium containing different initial yeast extract concentrations (C(YE)) (0 to 60 g/L) to demonstrate how C(YE) affects crude ectoine production. While the maximum cell concentration was increased by 23-fold when the C(YE) was 40 g/L, the maximum crude ectoine production reached 2.5 g/L when C(YE) was 40 g/L. In addition to demonstrating the success of the fermentation strategy of ectoine in increasing the production and production yield, experimental results further demonstrated that the fermentation medium of ectoine is highly promising for commercialization. Furthermore, the molecular weight and chemical structure of ectoine were identified and characterized by FAB-MS and (1)H-NMR.

  10. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia, Iran

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Reconstruction [Tehran Radio] ................................................................ 18 Pars Aluminum Company Increases Production [JOMHURI- YE ESLAMI 29...of market of that port. This merchant added: "Considering alumina powder used in aluminum industries. Last night, that the valuable handwoven Iranian...The Iran powder metallurgy plant was commis- Islamic Republic Shipping Company (IRSC) is to purchase sioned in Alborz industrial estate in Qazvin this

  11. JPRS Report, Soviet Union, Peoples of Asia and Africa, No. 1, January-February 1988

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-13

    Pakistan, Indonesia , Nigeria, Egypt and oth- pensating to a certain extent for the losses from the fall in ers) whose capitalist development began mainly...pp 209-216 Javanese Philology and Adjacent Branches (Contempo- rary State of Studies) (A.K. Ogloblin) (Leningrad). Spir- In Memoriam of Ye.N

  12. Antimutagenic effect of resveratrol against Trp-P-1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Uenobe, F; Nakamura, S; Miyazawa, M

    1997-02-03

    The methanol extract of Yucca schidigera (YE) showed a suppressive effect on umu gene expression of the SOS response induced by 3-amino-1,4-dimethyl-5H-pyrido[4,3-b]indole (Trp-P-1) in Salmonella typhimurium TA1535/pSK1002. The suppressive effect of YE was also observed for 2-aminoanthracene and activated Trp-P-1, without a significant effect on bacterial growth. The extract exhibited a weak suppressive effect on SOS-induction by N-methyl-N'-nitro-N-nitrosoguanidine, but not by furylfuramide or 4-nitroquinoline-1-oxide. The antimutagenic activity of YE against Trp-P-1 was demonstrated by Ames assay using Salmonella typhimurium TA98. Isolation and purification of the active component of YE was carried out using SiO2 column chromatography, and 275 mg of antimutagenic compound was isolated from 2.5 kg of dried chips of yucca roots and branches. The compound was identified as 3,4',5-trihydroxystilbene (THS). The SOS suppression and antimutagenicity of THS against Trp-P-1 was determined by umu test and Ames test.

  13. ThreeFive photonics: Searching for the Holy grail? (teaching case)

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Burg, van J.C.; Berends, J.J.; Dolmans, S.A.M.

    In 2001, the Dutch company ThreeFive Photonics was founded by telecom professional Wouter Deelman and PhD student Chretien Herben attached to Delft University of Technology. The founders set out to develop revolutionary opto-electronic chips with the potential to change the telecom industry. That ye

  14. The Potentially Modifiable Burden of Incident Heart Failure Due to Obesity: The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study

    OpenAIRE

    Loehr, Laura R; Rosamond, Wayne D.; Poole, Charles; McNeill, Ann Marie; Chang, Patricia P.; Deswal, Anita; Aaron R. Folsom; Heiss, Gerardo

    2010-01-01

    The authors estimated the generalized impact fraction (GIF) for heart failure (HF) related to obesity, representing the proportion of incident HF events that could be prevented from reductions in obesity and/or overweight. The Atherosclerosis Risk in Communities Study is a biracial population-based cohort study of persons aged 45–64 years from 4 US communities with a median 14 ye...

  15. JPRS Report Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1989-02-17

    note Ya. Peyve, L. Lepin and Ya. Zutis , were its nucleus. Let us note the support of the USSR Academy of Sciences—Academicians Ye.N. Pavlovskiy and...Kirkhenshteyn and Paul Leinsh—essentially almost the entire flower of Latvian science—were re- educated. Peyve, Zutis , and Kadek were accused of

  16. Diet quality and markers of endothelial function: The CARDIA study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sijtsma, F.P.C.; Meyer, K.A.; Steffen, L.M.; Horn, van L.; Shikany, J.M.; Odegaard, A.O.; Gross, M.D.; Kromhout, D.; Jacobs, D.R.

    2014-01-01

    Background and aim: Dietary patterns are associated cross-sectionally with cellular adhesion molecules (CAMs). We studied prospective associations of three dietary patterns with CAMs. Methods and results: In the Coronary Artery Risk Development in Young Adults (CARDIA) study, diet was assessed at ye

  17. Tshempionat mira po kino / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"). Ka vene filmi kohaloleku probleemidest Cannes'is

  18. ALLERGY AND IMMUNOLOGY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    3.1 Autoimmune disease2003266 Using GST-tag to capture protein interaction of an interferon-inducible systemic lupus associated gene, IFIT1. YE Shuang(叶霜), et al. Dept Rheumatol, Renji Hosp, Clin Center Rheum Dis, Shanghai 2nd Med

  19. Functional and structural characterization of the minimal Sec translocase of the hyperthermophile Thermotoga maritima

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pretz, MG; Remigy, H; Swaving, J; Albers, SV; Garrido, VG; Chami, M; Engel, A; Driessen, AJM; Pretz, Monika G.; Garrido, Victoria G.

    2005-01-01

    The genome of the hyperthermophilic bacterium Thermotoga maritima contains the genes that encode core subunits of the protein translocase, a complex consisting of the molecular motor SecA and the protein conducting pore SecYE. In addition, we identified an erroneous sequence in the genome encoding f

  20. Metal-on-metal hip arthroplasty : local tissue reactions and clinical outcome

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Weegen, Walter van der

    2014-01-01

    Hip replacements using a metal-on-metal (MoM) bearing surface were reintroduced with the promise of low wear rates and easy revision in case of the resurfacing design. Although initially mid-term results were promising, local adverse soft tissure reactions to metal debris were detected around the ye

  1. Effects of ageing on gastrointestinal motor function

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Madsen, Jan Lysgård; Graff, Jesper

    2004-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Existing data on the effect of ageing on gastrointestinal motility are few. In this study, we assessed the propulsive effect of all main segments of the gastrointestinal tract in a group of healthy older people. METHODS: 16 healthy volunteers (eight women, eight men) of mean age 81 ye...

  2. Young scientific stars from CAS receive national award

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2012-01-01

    Fifteen brilliant young researchers from CAS institutes received the 12th National Award for Youth in Science and Technology at a special ceremony held in Beijing on December 15, 2011. They include WANG Shu with the Institute of Chemistry, TIAN Ye and YU Le'an with the Academy of Mathematics and Systems Science, LI Jia with the Shanghai Institute of Materia Medica,

  3. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 77, May - June 1985.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-09-01

    covered is May-June 1985, and includes all significant laser-related articles received by us in that interval. The bulk of the entries come from the...124. (RZRAB, 85/5Ye546). 578. Haubenreisser, W.; Lehmann, J.; Perthel, R.; Willsch, R. (). Study on fiberoptic refractometry . EXPPA, no. 6, 1984, 519

  4. Liu et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(4):78-82 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    The effects of two types of extracts on gastric cancer cells were compared; dry ... to measure the cell protein contents and to make a comprehensive comparison. ... Tie Shu Ye is a plant in the genus Cycas in family Cycadaceae; its Latin .... Effect of Yangqi decoction patch on apoptosis of gastric cancer cells in animal model.

  5. Cross-stimulation during lead impedance monitoring

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beaufort-Krol, GCM; Bink-Boelkens, MTE; Nagelkerke, D; van Gelder, BM

    2001-01-01

    At the age of 4 years, a total cavopulmonary connection was performed in a boy with a complex congenital heart defect. On addition, a DDDR pacemaker was implanted for sick sinus syndrome. Atrial and ventricular leads were epicardially placed at the left atrium and left ventricle. At the age of 10 ye

  6. APPROXIMATION ALGORITHM FOR MAX-BISECTION PROBLEM WITH THE POSITIVE SEMIDEFINITE RELAXATION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Da-chuan Xu; Ji-ye Han

    2003-01-01

    Using outward rotations, we obtain an approximation algorithm for Max-Bisectionproblem, i.e., partitioning the vertices of an undirected graph into two blocks of equalcardinality so as to maximize the weights of crossing edges. In many interesting cases, thealgorithm performs better than the algorithms of Ye and of Halperin and Zwick. The maintool used to obtain this result is semidefinite programming.

  7. Math Education at a Crossroads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markvorsen, Steen

    This report is a brief account of some of the work done by the author while he was part time affiliated (20\\%\\,) with the then newly established LearningLab DTU during the fall semester of 2004 and spring semester of 2005. The project is concerned with the analysis and development of the first ye...

  8. The link between individual expectations and savings: Do nursing home expectations matter?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kleinjans, Kristin J.; Lee, Jinkook

    Preparing for the end of life, especially for the prospect of needing long-term care, is an important issue facing older Americans. Those who reach age 65 have a 40% chance of going into a nursing home in their remaining lifetime, and about 10% of those who do will stay there for at least five ye...

  9. Germacrane Sesquiterpene Esters from Salvia roborowskii

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LI Ya; SHI Yan-Ping; LI Yu

    2003-01-01

    @@ Salvia roborowskii Maxim, usually called "ye zhi ma" by local inhabitants of northwestern China, an annual or biennial herb distributed widely in the west of China, has long been used as a traditional folk medicine for the treat ment of hepatitis and toothache.

  10. The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athayde, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

  11. Long-term associations of childhood suicide ideation

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Herba, Catherine M.; Ferdinand, Robert F.; van der Ende, Jan; Verhulst, Frank C.

    2007-01-01

    Objective: We investigated in a prospective longitudinal population-based study whether childhood suicide ideation is associated with negative mental health outcome in adulthood. Method: A total of 1,022 Dutch children who were 11 years or younger in 1983 were prospectively followed over 10 to 14 ye

  12. USSR Report, International Affairs, Peoples of Asia and Africa,No 6, November-December 1986.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    half. Ye.N. Rumyantsev (IDV [Far East Institute]) analyzed the modern state of the problem of hieroglyphic text in the PRC, typical of which is a...language with the traditional füll tracing of the hieroglyphs . A.D. Dikarev (Oriental Studies Institute) showed and commented on slides that he and

  13. The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athayde, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

  14. An Optimal Bifactor Approximation Algorithm for the Metric Uncapacitated Facility Location Problem

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Byrka, J.; Aardal, K.I.

    2010-01-01

    We obtain a 1.5-approximation algorithm for the metric uncapacitated facility location (UFL) problem, which improves on the previously best known 1.52-approximation algorithm by Mahdian, Ye, and Zhang. Note that the approximability lower bound by Guha and Khuller is 1.463 . . . . An algorithm is a (

  15. Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal axis activity and early onset of cannabis use

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Huizink, Anja C.; Ferdinand, Robert F.; Ormel, Johan; Verhulst, Frank C.

    2006-01-01

    Aims To identify early onset cannabis users by measuring basal hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal (HPA) axis activity, which may be a risk factor for early onset substance use when showing low activity. Design In a prospective cohort study, adolescents who initiated cannabis use at an early age (9-12 ye

  16. Molecular Dissection of the 8 Phase Transcriptional Program Controlled by Cyclin E-P220 NPAT Signaling Pathway

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    sustain G2 arrest after DNA damage. Science 282:1497-1501. 34. Nelson, D. M, X. Ye, C. Hall , H. Santos, T. Ma, G. D. Kao, T. J. Yen, J. W. 7. Cajal, S...protoplasmatico y sus efectos en los diversos organos nerviosos de vertebra- synthesis in S phase independent of cyclin/cdk2 activity. Mol. Cell. Biol. dos e

  17. Study of Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Properties of Carbon Nanotubes-Based Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    Publications: [1]. G. L. Zhao, Z. Ye, Z. Li, J. A. Roberts, "New carbon nanotube-epoxy composite for dampening microwave cavity resonance", IEEE Xplore ...Nanotechnology ( IEEE - NANO), 2012 12th IEEE Conference on 20-23 Aug. 2012. [2]. Z. Li, G. L. Zhao, P. Zhang, S. Guo, J. Tang, " Thermoelectric

  18. Cost-effectiveness of lung transplantation in relation to type of end-stage pulmonary disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Groen, H; van der Bij, W; Koeter, GH; TenVergert, EM

    2004-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between diagnosis and the cost-effectiveness and cost-utility of lung transplantation. A microsimulation model was used, based on empirical data from the Dutch lung transplantation program, collected between 1991 and 1999. We assessed life-ye

  19. Mineralogical and Organo-Geochemical Properties of the Denizli (sw Turkey) Coals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banu Koralay, Demet; Koralay, Tamer

    2016-04-01

    Coal samples for this study were systematically collected from the Yeşilyuva town of Denizli (SW Turkey) province. In order to be evaluated in terms of their mineralogic composition, source rock potential, total organic carbon (TOC, %), and thermal maturity. To find out the mineralogical composition of the Yeşilyuva coals, X-Ray Diffractometer (XRD) analysis was performed. Quartz, feldspar, calcite, pyrite, gypsum and clay minerals are determined in XRD analysis as the mineral matter in Yeşilyuva coals. The organo-geochemical results of samples suggest that the Yeşilyuva coals have excellent source rock quantity according to total organic carbon (TOC, %) contents (ranging from 8.82 to 43.80 wt. %), indicating that their present circumstances in the basin that preferred production and preservation of organic matter. According to genetic potential (GP, averaging 37.42 mg hydrocarbon/g rock), S1 (averaging 2.11 mg hydrocarbon/g rock) and S2 (averaging 35.31 mg hydrocarbon/g rock) values, all the coal samples show good to excellent source rock potential. The hydrogen index (HI) and S2/S3 values of Yeşilyuva coals range from 43 to 171 mg HC/g TOC and 0.64 to 2.83, respectively. These values indicate that all the coal samples have gas potential. Determination of the thermal maturity is based on production index (PI) and Tmax values, and the potential source rock is considered immature for PI values Mineral composition, Organo-Geochemical properties. Total Organic Carbon (TOC), Hydrocarbon Potential Acknowledgement: This study was financially supported by The Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey (TUBITAK, project number 114Y668)

  20. Yersinia enterocolitica and Photorhabdus asymbiotica β-lactamases BlaA are exported by the twin-arginine translocation pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriefer, Eva-Maria; Hoffmann-Thoms, Stephanie; Schmid, Franz X; Schmid, Annika; Heesemann, Jürgen

    2013-01-01

    In general, β-lactamases of medically important Gram-negative bacteria are Sec-dependently translocated into the periplasm. In contrast, β-lactamases of Mycobacteria spp. (BlaC, BlaS) and the Gram-negative environmental bacteria Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (L2) and Xanthomonas campestris (Bla(XCC-1)) have been reported to be secreted by the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system. Yersinia enterocolitica carries 2 distinct β-lactamase genes (blaA and blaB) encoding BlaA(Ye) and the AmpC-like β-lactamase BlaB, respectively. By using the software PRED-TAT for prediction and discrimination of Sec from Tat signal peptides, we identified a functional Tat signal sequence for Yersinia BlaA(Ye). The Tat-dependent translocation of BlaA(Ye) could be clearly demonstrated by using a Y. enterocolitica tatC-mutant and cell fractionation. Moreover, we could demonstrate a unique unusual temperature-dependent activity profile of BlaA(Ye) ranging from 15 to 60 °C and a high 'melting temperature' (T(M)=44.3°) in comparison to the related Sec-dependent β-lactamase TEM-1 (20-50°C, T(M)=34.9 °C). Strikingly, the blaA gene of Y. enterocolitica is present in diverse environmental Yersinia spp. and a blaA homolog gene could be identified in the closely related Photorhabdus asymbiotica (BlaA(Pa); 69% identity to BlaA(Ye)). For BlaA(Pa) of P. asymbiotica, we could also demonstrate Tat-dependent secretion. These results suggest that Yersinia BlaA-related β-lactamases may be the prototype of a large Tat-dependent β-lactamase family, which originated from environmental bacteria.

  1. Depletion of dendritic cells enhances innate anti-bacterial host defense through modulation of phagocyte homeostasis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella E Autenrieth

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Dendritic cells (DCs as professional antigen-presenting cells play an important role in the initiation and modulation of the adaptive immune response. However, their role in the innate immune response against bacterial infections is not completely defined. Here we have analyzed the role of DCs and their impact on the innate anti-bacterial host defense in an experimental infection model of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye. We used CD11c-diphtheria toxin (DT mice to deplete DCs prior to severe infection with Ye. DC depletion significantly increased animal survival after Ye infection. The bacterial load in the spleen of DC-depleted mice was significantly lower than that of control mice throughout the infection. DC depletion was accompanied by an increase in the serum levels of CXCL1, G-CSF, IL-1α, and CCL2 and an increase in the numbers of splenic phagocytes. Functionally, splenocytes from DC-depleted mice exhibited an increased bacterial killing capacity compared to splenocytes from control mice. Cellular studies further showed that this was due to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS by neutrophils. Adoptive transfer of neutrophils from DC-depleted mice into control mice prior to Ye infection reduced the bacterial load to the level of Ye-infected DC-depleted mice, suggesting that the increased number of phagocytes with additional ROS production account for the decreased bacterial load. Furthermore, after incubation with serum from DC-depleted mice splenocytes from control mice increased their bacterial killing capacity, most likely due to enhanced ROS production by neutrophils, indicating that serum factors from DC-depleted mice account for this effect. In summary, we could show that DC depletion triggers phagocyte accumulation in the spleen and enhances their anti-bacterial killing capacity upon bacterial infection.

  2. Yersinia enterocolitica targets cells of the innate and adaptive immune system by injection of Yops in a mouse infection model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Köberle

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye evades the immune system of the host by injection of Yersinia outer proteins (Yops via a type three secretion system into host cells. In this study, a reporter system comprising a YopE-beta-lactamase hybrid protein and a fluorescent staining sensitive to beta-lactamase cleavage was used to track Yop injection in cell culture and in an experimental Ye mouse infection model. Experiments with GD25, GD25-beta1A, and HeLa cells demonstrated that beta1-integrins and RhoGTPases play a role for Yop injection. As demonstrated by infection of splenocyte suspensions in vitro, injection of Yops appears to occur randomly into all types of leukocytes. In contrast, upon infection of mice, Yop injection was detected in 13% of F4/80(+, 11% of CD11c(+, 7% of CD49b(+, 5% of Gr1(+ cells, 2.3% of CD19(+, and 2.6% of CD3(+ cells. Taking the different abundance of these cell types in the spleen into account, the highest total number of Yop-injected cells represents B cells, particularly CD19(+CD21(+CD23(+ follicular B cells, followed by neutrophils, dendritic cells, and macrophages, suggesting a distinct cellular tropism of Ye. Yop-injected B cells displayed a significantly increased expression of CD69 compared to non-Yop-injected B cells, indicating activation of these cells by Ye. Infection of IFN-gammaR (receptor- and TNFRp55-deficient mice resulted in increased numbers of Yop-injected spleen cells for yet unknown reasons. The YopE-beta-lactamase hybrid protein reporter system provides new insights into the modulation of host cell and immune responses by Ye Yops.

  3. Adding to Yersinia enterocolitica Gene Pool Diversity: Two Cryptic Plasmids from a Biotype 1A Isolate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Lepka

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the nucleotide sequence of two novel cryptic plasmids (4357 and 14 662 base pairs carried by a Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A strain isolated from pork. As distinguished from most biotype 1A strains, this isolate, designated 07-04449, exhibited adherence to eukaryotic cells. The smaller plasmid pYe4449-1 carries five attributable open reading frames (ORFs encoding the first CcdA/CcdB-like antitoxin/toxin system described for a Yersinia plasmid, a RepA-like replication initiation protein, and mobilizing factors MobA and MobC. The deduced amino acid sequences showed highest similarity to proteins described in Salmonella (CcdA/B, Klebsiella (RepA, and Plesiomonas (MobA/C indicating genomic fluidity among members of the Enterobacteriaceae. One additional ORF with unknown function, termed ORF5, was identified with an ancestry distinct from the rest of the plasmid. While the C+G content of ORF5 is 38.3%, the rest of pYe4449-1 shows a C+G content of 55.7%. The C+G content of the larger plasmid pYe4449-2 (54.9% was similar to that of pYe4449-1 (53.7% and differed from that of the Y. enterocolitica genome (47.3%. Of the 14 ORFs identified on pYe4449-2, only six ORFs showed significant similarity to database entries. For three of these ORFs likely functions could be ascribed: a TnpR-like resolvase and a phage replication protein, localized each on a low C+G island, and DNA primase TraC. Two ORFs of pYe4449-2, ORF3 and ORF7, seem to encode secretable proteins. Epitope-tagging of ORF3 revealed protein expression at 4°C but not at or above 27°C suggesting adaptation to a habitat outside swine. The hypothetical protein encoded by ORF7 is the member of a novel repeat protein family sharing the DxxGN(xnDxxGN motif. Our findings illustrate the exceptional gene pool diversity within the species Y. enterocolitica driven by horizontal gene transfer events.

  4. Quantitative Analysis and Comprehensive Study of Flavor-active Compounds and Appl ication Properties of Commercial Yeast Extract%商品化酵母抽提物中风味活性化合物的综合定量分析及其应用特性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘建彬; 宋焕禄; 李沛; 熊建

    2015-01-01

    多种气味及滋味化合物共同决定了酵母抽提物(YE)独特的风味特性,进一步决定了不同 YE 的应用特性。利用GC-O-MS、HPLC技术,对市场上的6款商品化 YE 中的挥发性化合物及不挥发性化合物(糖、有机酸、氨基酸、呈味核苷酸、肽)进行了全定量分析;随后,结合气味及滋味感官鉴评,评价不同种类风味化合物对YE感官知觉的影响。最后,对不同商品化酵母抽提物的应用特性进行评价和研究。结果发现:挥发性化合物方面,不同厂家生产的YE在气味活性化合物方面具有较大的差异。吡嗪类主要贡献了YE中对肉味有贡献的烤香香韵。而3-甲基丁醛、乙酸和酮类分别提供了 YE 的焦苦味、酸味和奶油味。不同香韵的分布还表明酵香可能是青香/焦苦香、烤香/坚果香/甜香之间的复合风味。不挥发化合物方面,糖类、大部分氨基酸类、核苷酸类、除琥珀酸、乳酸的有机酸类在1% YE 用量下TAV值均小于1,未单独对YE溶液滋味做出贡献。对不挥发物的相关性分析表明,300~2000 Da 分布肽段对浓厚滋味具有贡献,而Glu主要贡献了YE鲜味,且鲜味与浓厚味有正相关作用。Ala可以贡献YE甜味,而一系列的苦味氨基酸与苦味具有很强烈的正相关作用。另外,苦味主要与鲜味、浓厚味、酸味有负相关关系,表明了苦味与这些滋味具有此消彼长的关系。%The unique flavor characteristics of yeast extract (YE)are determined by a series of odor and taste-active compounds.Applying of GC-O-MS and HPLC techniques,the volatile and nonvolatile compounds (sugars,organic acids,amino acids,nucleotides and peptides)of 6 commercial YE are quantitative analyzed.Further,the sensory evaluation is used to measure the effect of different flavor compounds on the sensory perception of YE. Finally, the application properties of different commercial yeast extract are studied.The result shows that the

  5. Strategy Iteration Is Strongly Polynomial for 2-Player Turn-Based Stochastic Games with a Constant Discount Factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Dueholm; Miltersen, Peter Bro; Zwick, Uri

    2013-01-01

    -based stochastic games with discounted zero-sum rewards. This provides the first strongly polynomial algorithm for solving these games, solving a long standing open problem. Combined with other recent results, this provides a complete characterization of the complexity the standard strategy iteration algorithm......Ye [2011] showed recently that the simplex method with Dantzig’s pivoting rule, as well as Howard’s policy iteration algorithm, solve discounted Markov decision processes (MDPs), with a constant discount factor, in strongly polynomial time. More precisely, Ye showed that both algorithms terminate...... terminates after at most O(m1−γ log n1−γ) iterations. Second, and more importantly, we show that the same bound applies to the number of iterations performed by the strategy iteration (or strategy improvement) algorithm, a generalization of Howard’s policy iteration algorithm used for solving 2-player turn...

  6. Impact of weak interactions of free nucleons on the r-process in dynamical ejecta from neutron-star mergers

    CERN Document Server

    Goriely, Stephane; Just, Oliver; Pllumbi, Else; Janka, Hans-Thomas

    2015-01-01

    We investigate beta-interactions of free nucleons and their impact on the electron fraction (Y_e) and r-process nucleosynthesis in ejecta characteristic of binary neutron star mergers (BNSMs). For that we employ trajectories from a relativistic BNSM model to represent the density-temperature evolutions in our parametric study. In the high-density environment, positron captures decrease the neutron richness at the high temperatures predicted by the hydrodynamic simulation. Circumventing the complexities of modelling three-dimensional neutrino transport, (anti)neutrino captures are parameterized in terms of prescribed neutrino luminosities and mean energies, guided by published results and assumed as constant in time. Depending sensitively on the adopted neutrino-antineutrino luminosity ratio, neutrino processes increase Y_e to values between 0.25 and 0.40, still allowing for a successful r-process compatible with the observed solar abundance distribution and a significant fraction of the ejecta consisting of r...

  7. ANTALYA’DAKİ BEŞ YILDIZLI OTELLERİN YEŞİL OTELCİLİK UYGULAMALARI ÜZERİNE BİR ARAŞTIRMA

    OpenAIRE

    DİLEK, S.Emre; ATAY, Lütfi

    2012-01-01

    Günümüzde işletmeler, çevresel sorunlara duyarlı olmadan varlıklarını sürdüremeyeceklerinin yapacakları her türlü faaliyetin çevre boyutunu iş stratejilerine ve uzun vadeli planlarına almak zorundadırlar. Yapılan bu tür çevresel faaliyetler ile çevreyi dikkate alan pazarlama stratejilerinden birisi olan yeşil pazarlama, çoğu işletme tarafından dikkate alınır hale gelmiştir. Çalışmada, Antalya ve çevresinde yer alan beş yıldızlı otellerin, yeşil pazarlama anlayışının konaklama sektöründe uygul...

  8. Foregrounding Theory and Fiction Translation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨阳

    2014-01-01

    Foregrounding is a concept that originally introduced from pictorial art. The function of foregrounding is to attract the audiences' attention so as to achieve certain expected artistic effects with the rest persons or things backgrounded.For a long time, foregrounding theory has been widely applied to linguistics, stylistics, literary creation and research whereas rarely being employed to translation activities. Not until late 19th century did Ye Zinan proposed that this theory could be applied to translation practice. He only put forward the relevant assumption on foregrounding theory. Based on English linguist Geoffrey Leech's deviation theory and Ye Zinan's assumption on the application of foregrounding theory to translation practice, this paper aims to draw translators' attention to foregrounding factors concealed in literary works, especially in novels, and to provide some basic means for them to render these foregrounding features into the relevant foregrounding expressions in the target language.

  9. Breeding of a New Silkworm Variety "Yesanyuan" with Healthiness and Hypersilk%强健性多丝量蚕品种"野三元"的育成

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴阳春; 钱平; 何斯美

    2008-01-01

    [Objective] The study aimed to breed eminent mulbery wild silb with hypersilk. [Method] Eminent mulberry wild silkworm basic materials Ye A and Ye B were bred by distant complex crossing of wild mulberry silkworm with strong stress resistance and hypersilkgeneous silkworm, then hybridized with Japanese silkworm strain, the new silkworm variety "Yesanyuan" with healthiness and hypersilkgene was bred. [Ressult]The results of laboratory identification and rural productive test in Jiangsu Province showed that it has excellent feeding habit, strong stress resistance, high yield, excellent silk quality and excellent fecundity. The new silkworm variety "Yesanyuan" had been approved by Silkworm Variety Evaluation Commission of Jiangsu Province in 2008, it is suitable to rear in Yangtze River catchment for Spring and Autumn, North sericultural area for all-year. [Conclusion] The study is helpful for the development of silkworm industry.

  10. Fibre fortification of wheat bread: impact on mineral composition and bioaccessibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Zita E; Pinto, Edgar; Almeida, Agostinho A; Pinho, Olívia; Ferreira, Isabel M P L V O

    2017-05-24

    In this work, wheat bread was fortified with fibre enriched extracts recovered from agroindustry by-products, namely, elderberry skin, pulp and seeds (EE); orange peel (OE); pomegranate peel and interior membranes (PE); and spent yeast (YE). The impact of this fortification on the total and bioaccessible mineral composition of wheat breads, estimated mineral daily intake, and the relationship between bioaccessibility and dietary fibre was evaluated. Fortification with OE, EE, and PE improved the content of essential minerals in bread when compared to control bread. The exception was bread fortified with YE, which presented a mineral content similar to control bread, but its mineral bioaccessibility was significantly higher than in all the other bread formulations. The opposite was observed for PE bread, which presented a significant reduction of bioaccessible minerals. We concluded that the origin of the fibre rich extract must be carefully selected, to avoid potential negative impact on mineral bioaccessibility.

  11. Differentiation of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A from pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica biotypes by detection of β-glucosidase activity: comparison of two chromogenic culture media and Vitek2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karhukorpi, Jari; Päivänurmi, Marjut

    2014-01-01

    Aesculin hydrolysis (ESC) is one of the key reactions in differentiating pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica biotypes 1B, 2, 3, 4 and 5 from the less-pathogenic biotype 1A. Because the ESC reaction is caused by β-glucosidase (βGLU) activity of the bacteria, we studied whether two commonly used methods (BBL CHROMagar Orientation and Vitek2 Gram-negative identification card) could be used in assessing βGLU activity of 74 Yersinia strains. Both methods were sensitive (100 % and 97 %) and specific (100 % and 100 %) in differentiating βGLU-positive YE BT1A from βGLU-negative Y. enterocolitica biotypes. For a subset of strains (n = 69), a new selective CHROMagar Yersinia showed excellent agreement with the strains' βGLU activity. Thus all the methods evaluated in this study may be used to differentiate between YE BT1A and other Y. enterocolitica biotypes.

  12. DETECTION OF PATHOGENIC YERSINIA ENTEROCOLITICA IN FOOD BY POLYMERASE CHAIN REACTION%PCR法检测食品中的致病性小肠耶尔森氏菌

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马宏伟; 吴永生; 邹清杰

    2002-01-01

    目的:快速准确地检测致病性小肠耶尔森氏菌(YE).方法:根据该菌染色体上ail基因顺序设计一对引物,通过聚合酶链反应直接检测食品中的致病性YE,扩增产物经电泳,出现与已知阳性对照细菌条带大小一致的170bp的ail基因片断的条带,即判定该样品为阳性.结论:本法特异性强、灵敏度高,能在60小时内出结果,可适用于食品中的YE的快速检验.

  13. Olgunlaşma Döneminin Kinoa (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.)’da Ot Verimi ve Kalitesi ile Gaz ve Metan Üretimine Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    KAPLAN, Mahmut; ÜKE, Özlem; KALE, Hasan; KAMALAK, Adem

    2016-01-01

    Çalışmanın amacı farklı olgunlaşma dönemlerinde (çiçeklenme öncesi, tam çiçeklenme ve tohum bağlama) hasat edilen kinoa bitkisinin (Chenopodium quinoa Willd.) yeşil ve kuru ot verimi, besleme değeri, in vitro gaz ve metan üretimi, metabolik enerji (ME) ve organik madde sindirim derecesine (OMS) etkisini belirlemektir. Kinoa bitkisinin olgunlaşması araştırmada incelenen tüm parametreleri etkilemiştir (P≤0.01). Çalışma sonuçlarına göre olgunlaşma döneminin ilerlemesiyle yeşil ve kuru ot verimle...

  14. Collective Flavor Oscillations Of Supernova Neutrinos and r-Process Nucleosynthesis

    CERN Document Server

    Chakraborty, Sovan; Goswami, Srubabati; Kar, Kamales

    2009-01-01

    Neutrino-neutrino interactions inside core-collapse supernovae may give rise to flavor oscillations resulting into collective swap of flavors. These oscillations depend on the initial energy spectra and initial relative fluxes or initial luminosities of the neutrinos. It has been observed that departure from energy equipartition among different flavors can give rise to one or more sharp spectral swap over energy termed as splits. We study the occurrence of splits in the neutrino and antineutrino spectra varying the initial relative fluxes for different models of initial energy spectrum in both normal and inverted hierarchy. These initial relative flux variations give rise to several possible split patterns where as variation over different models of energy spectra give similar results. We explore the effect of these spectral splits on the electron fraction, $Y_e$, that governs r-process nucleosynthesis inside supernovae. Assuming the condition $Y_e < 0.5$, needed for successful r-process nucleosynthesis we...

  15. CHRISTIAN FEASTS AND NATIONAL CUSTOMS - SYMBOLISM AND MEANING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivaylo Kostov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The feast is a kind of compendium from a cultural perspective which united all examples of cultural identity both for a society and community and for each individual. Feast gathers all symbolic archetypes relating to national psychology and by exploring ways in which they are realized, the mechanisms for formation of cultural phenomena can be identified. And with permission to paraphrase the famous biblical dictum "Ye shall know them by their fruits", with a similar moral force and with a certain amount of directionality the phrase "By celebrating the feasts ye shall know them" has sounded. These issues reflect sensibly in art as well, where a great way they reverberate across the society, depicting in tangible creative impulse necessary for any creative implementation.

  16. Springback Analysis in Sheet Metal Forming of Non-linear Work-Hardening material Under Pure Bending

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lal, Radha Krishna; Dwivedi, Jai Prakash; Bhagat, Manish Kumar; Singh, Virendra Pratap

    2016-09-01

    This paper deals with the springback analysis in sheet metal forming for non-linear work-hardening material under pure bending. Using the deformation theory of plasticity, formulation of the problem and spring back ratio is derived using Ramberg-Osgood stress strain relationship with Tresca and Von-Mises yielding criteria. The results have been representing the effect of different value of Y/E or σo/E ratio, different values of strain hardening index (n), Poisson's ratio (ν) and thickness on springback ratio (R0/Rf). The main aim of this paper is to study the effects of the thickness, Y/E ratio, n and Poisson's ratio in spring back ratio.

  17. Effects of extracts of Humulus lupulus (hops) and Yucca schidigera applied alone or in combination with monensin on rumen fermentation and microbial populations in vitro.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Narvaez, Nelmy; Wang, Yuxi; McAllister, Tim

    2013-08-15

    β-Acids in hops (Humulus lupulus) and saponins in yucca (Yucca schidigera) have been found to possess antimicrobial properties similar to that of monensin and could be an alternative to in-feed antibiotics. The effects of monensin (MON) and ethanol extracts of hops (HE) and Y. schidigera (YE) alone and in combination with MON were assessed on ruminal microbial composition and fermentation in vitro of a barley-based diet. All treatments decreased (P Yucca extract combined with MON increased (P < 0.01) the proportions of R. flavefaciens and S. ruminantium. All treatments except MON (2.5 µg mL(-1)) reduced (P < 0.01) the relative abundance of methanogens. Hops extract and YE altered rumen microbes and fermentation in a manner similar to MON with many responses being additive when applied in combination. © 2013 Society of Chemical Industry.

  18. Alu elements and hominid phylogenetics

    Science.gov (United States)

    Salem, Abdel-Halim; Ray, David A.; Xing, Jinchuan; Callinan, Pauline A.; Myers, Jeremy S.; Hedges, Dale J.; Garber, Randall K.; Witherspoon, David J.; Jorde, Lynn B.; Batzer, Mark A.

    2003-01-01

    Alu elements have inserted in primate genomes throughout the evolution of the order. One particular Alu lineage (Ye) began amplifying relatively early in hominid evolution and continued propagating at a low level as many of its members are found in a variety of hominid genomes. This study represents the first conclusive application of short interspersed elements, which are considered nearly homoplasy-free, to elucidate the phylogeny of hominids. Phylogenetic analysis of Alu Ye5 elements and elements from several other subfamilies reveals high levels of support for monophyly of Hominidae, tribe Hominini and subtribe Hominina. Here we present the strongest evidence reported to date for a sister relationship between humans and chimpanzees while clearly distinguishing the chimpanzee and human lineages. PMID:14561894

  19. Deep Drilling Results in the Atlantic Ocean: Ocean Crust

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    samples appears to reflect accumu- proportion6 of the crystallizing phases plagio - lation or removal of plagioclase from an initial clase and olivine...the bottom of the deepest Of this material, approximately 6% consists of ye T holes (417D and 418A). The basalts are plagio - smectite And calcite...producing a uralitic product, amphibolites is that altuandine gar-net is not seen -- where primary plagio .-lase survives relatively in ocean floor

  20. A Random Word Generator for Pronounceable Passwords

    Science.gov (United States)

    1975-11-01

    drietoi drie-toi cywroft cy-wroft dieyedi die-ye-di drite drite dabowt da-bowt diffos dif-fos drobveje drob- veje dacoafa da-coa-fa digba dig-ba...vacquic vadfuo vadwyhey vadyjo vafjitdu ud-we-ry-ho u-dyg-ne-di uf-duj-mod uf-jea-ki uf-kod-bot uf-wa-ta u-gaz-sca ug-nea ug- veje u-je