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Sample records for ljovin ye bondar

  1. Mauritinus seferi Bondar, 1960: bionomy, description of immature stages and redescription of adult (Coleoptera, Curculionidae

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    Márcio Luís Leitão Barbosa

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available Mature larvae of Mauritinus seferi Bondar, 1960 were collected in the mesocarp of murity palm (Mauritia flexuosa Linnaeus, in the State of Pará, Brazil. Larvae were reared to pupa and adults in the laboratory. Mature larva and pupa are described and adult redescribed. Adult and immature are illustrated for the first time. Observations about bionomy are included and discussed.

  2. Explosive Nucleosynthesis in Different Ye Conditions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Iwamoto, Nobuyuki; Umeda, Hideyuki; Nomoto, Ken'ichi; Tominaga, Nozomu; Thielemann, Friedrich-Karl; Hix, W. Raphael

    2006-01-01

    The influence of a large variation of Ye on explosive yield is investigated. We calculate nucleosynthesis with the initial electron fraction Ye ranging from 0.48 to 0.58 in explosive Si burning region in Population III, 25 M· supernovae. We obtain the significant overproduction of odd elements, K and Sc. In the Ye < 0.5 cases light p-process nuclei are enhanced. We find that the abundance pattern taken from arbitrary mixture of each nucleosynthesis yield in various values of Ye can reasonably explain that in observed extremely metal-poor stars

  3. Lifting of a sector block for YE-2 at Kawasaki.

    CERN Multimedia

    R. Loveless/U. of Wisconsin

    2000-01-01

    YE-2 is build from machined sector blocks. Trial assembly is carried out horizontally. This picture represents the lifting of a machined sector block destined to the trial assembly of a half disk YE-2 at Kawasaki (KHI) Kobe, Japan.

  4. La lutte contre la cochenille du manioc Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero et l'acarien vert Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar au Zaïre : Bilan des recherches

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    Tata-Hangy, K.

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Control of the Cassava Mealybug Phenacoccus Manihoti Matile-Ferrero and the Cassava Green Mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar in Zaire : A Review. Since their accidental introductions in Zaire, the cassava mealybug Phenacoccus manihoti Matile-Ferrero and the cassava green mite Mononychellus tanajoa Bondar in the early 1970s, cassava is exposed to considerable yield loss and great reduction in quantity and quality of the planting material. Several attempts to control these exotic pests, including cultural and chemical methods as well as breeding for the host plant resistance were undertaken. Cultural control revealed to be efficient, but it is limited in its use. Chemical control is also limited due to socio-economic constraints. Although the use of resistant varieties is promising, breeding process is very slow. However, the results achieved through the establishment of an exoticparasitic wasp, Epidinocarsis lopezi DeSantis and other two exotic predators Diomus sp. and Hyperaspis notata on CM. indicate that biological control method counts for the most efficient method in controlling the two major cassava pests. More attention is now paid to the combination of several control strategies in order to achieve a sound and sustainable cassava pest management.

  5. Revision of Bondariella Hustache & Bondar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), with descriptions of the first species from the Amazon and notes on natural history.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valente, Roberta De Melo; Cordeiro Júnior, Mariano Brandão

    2015-09-15

    Bondariella Hustache & Bondar, 1942 is revised. In addition to the redescription of the genus and its four previously known species, we report and describe the first species from the Amazonian region: Bondariella rudicula sp. nov. and Bondariella crenata sp. nov. We also provide a key to the species, illustrations and notes on natural history. All six species of Bondariella have been collected on palm flowers from Brazil, with the previously known species having only been recorded from species of Syagrus Mart. from the Atlantic Forest and Caatinga biomes. The two new species have only been recorded from species of Euterpe Mart. from the Amazon biome. Future work may prove if the associations with Syagrus and Euterpe are specific to the biomes.

  6. Lowering the YE+1 end-cap for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2007-01-01

    On 9 January 2007, the massive YE+1 end-cap was lowered into the CMS cavern. This is a very precise process as the crane must lower the end-cap through minimal clearance without tilt or sway. Once in the cavern, the end-cap is then positioned over the end of the barrel to detect particles produced in collisions that travel close to the axis of the beams.

  7. Lowering of the YE+2 end-cap for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2006-01-01

    Lowering of the second end-cap disk of CMS, designated YE+2, took place on 12 December 2006. The huge disk, 15 m high and weighing around 900 tonnes, is equipped on both sides with muon detectors. The lowering operation started at around 7am and finished about 10 hours later with the arrival of the disk into the cavern 100 m below the surface hall.

  8. A new dimeric anthraquinone from endophytic Talaromyces sp. YE3016.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xie, Xiao-Song; Fang, Xiao-Wei; Huang, Rong; Zhang, Shou-Peng; Wei, Hong-Xia; Wu, Shao-Hua

    2016-08-01

    A new unsymmetrical dimeric anthraquinone, 3-demethyl-3-(2-hydroxypropyl)-skyrin (1) was isolated from the solid-state fermentation extract of an endophytic fungal strain Talaromyces sp. YE 3016, together with five known compounds, skyrin (2), oxyskyrin (3), emodin (4), 1,3,6-trihydroxy-8-methyl-anthraquinone (5) and ergosterol (6). The structure of the new compound was elucidated on the basis of spectroscopic analysis. Compounds 1-3 exhibited moderate cytotoxic activities against MCF-7 cell line.

  9. CMS RPC detectors assembled in Pakistan installed on the backside of the YE+1 endcap yoke

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    Walter Van Doninck, VUB-Brussels and CERN

    2006-01-01

    Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) are sensitive to the passage of muons and provide a "trigger" signal for CMS. This image shows RPC detectors, which were assembled in Pakistan, installed on the backside of an endcap yoke disc, known as YE+1.

  10. Energy diffusion and the butterfly effect in inhomogeneous Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev chains

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    Yingfei Gu, Andrew Lucas, Xiao-Liang Qi

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available We compute the energy diffusion constant $D$, Lyapunov time $\\tau_{\\text{L}}$ and butterfly velocity $v_{\\text{B}}$ in an inhomogeneous chain of coupled Majorana Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK models in the large $N$ and strong coupling limit. We find $D\\le v_{\\text{B}}^2 \\tau_{\\text{L}}$ from a combination of analytical and numerical approaches. Our example necessitates the sharpening of postulated transport bounds based on quantum chaos.

  11. Analysis of poultry eating and drinking behavior by software eYeNamic

    OpenAIRE

    A. De Montis; A. Pinna; M. Barra; E. Vranken

    2013-01-01

    Constant presence of at least one operator in livestock buildings for broilers would allow a perfect control of animal behaviour and, especially, deviations in feeding and drinking patterns, in the perspective of a high welfare status. However, as nowadays it is impossible for a farmer to be present in the farm all day long, automatic monitoring systems are required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a system (eYeNamic) for automatic monitoring and analyzing broilers’ behavior in a fa...

  12. Analysis of poultry eating and drinking behavior by software eYeNamic

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. De Montis

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Constant presence of at least one operator in livestock buildings for broilers would allow a perfect control of animal behaviour and, especially, deviations in feeding and drinking patterns, in the perspective of a high welfare status. However, as nowadays it is impossible for a farmer to be present in the farm all day long, automatic monitoring systems are required. The purpose of this paper is to introduce a system (eYeNamic for automatic monitoring and analyzing broilers’ behavior in a farm. eYeNamic is a camera system introduced and produced by Fancom BV, a company operating in the field of automation of livestock facilities. It includes three cameras located on the ridge of the broiler house and able to monitor chickens’ behaviour twenty-four hours a day. Through eYeNamic it is possible to process the images and to obtain a measure of animals’ distribution and activity, which can be conceived as valuable indicators of animal welfare. The study presented in this paper was divided into several phases: data collection, images visualization, observation of the distribution and activity of the chickens, and statistical analysis of the observations. The analysis of correlation between the number of 14 days old broilers near the feeding line (manual counted and the average occupation density measured with eYenamic indicates that the best conditions have occurred with a 50 cm by 75 cm area around each feeding pan. With reference to the drinking line, the best response was found in an area 50 cm wide and the whole drinking line long. For the activity behavior, there was no significant correlation between activity and number of chickens eating from all the pans: this confirms that broilers while eating reduce their activity. It was concluded from this study that eYeNamic is a good system to observe animal behavior and, especially, to take care of their drinking and eating behaviour. A satisfactory correspondence between eYeNamic remote and

  13. Completion of cathode strip chamber (CSC) installation on the so-called YE+2 wheel of CMS on March 2005.

    CERN Multimedia

    Tejinder S. Virdee

    2005-01-01

    The pictures have been taken in the CMS construction hall in Cessy (neighbouring France), called SX5, in March 2005 and show the status of cathode strip chamber (CSC) assembly on the yoke disk YE+2. The chambers are labelled ME+3 and their installation has been completed on March 16th, 2005.

  14. The Influence of Romanticism on Mirzade-ye-eshgi’s Artistic Products

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    Fatemeh Moddaresi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Romanticism is a literarily movement which in last years of 18 the century , derived from England and changed to literally school in 19 century reaching most of the European countries, western Europe and even Russia. This school has deeply in flounced on different aspects of literature in different parts of the world. Romanticism school pierced into Iranian literature, when Iranian poets and writers got introduced with western literature. “ mirzade-ye-eshgi” is one of those poets who we can cleanly see the effects of romanticism school in his poems, since the value of this literarily products owes to romanticism school elements. Revolutionary, creativity, Retiring idealism flash backs to traditional literarily forms national emotions nostalgia creating atmospheres full of sadness and showing sympathy toward the poor, are ports of romanticism school in fluencies on his poems.

  15. The Influence of Romanticism on Mirzade-ye-eshgi’s Artistic Products

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Moddaresi

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available  Abstract Romanticism is a literarily movement which in last years of 18 the century , derived from England and changed to literally school in 19 century reaching most of the European countries, western Europe and even Russia. This school has deeply in flounced on different aspects of literature in different parts of the world. Romanticism school pierced into Iranian literature, when Iranian poets and writers got introduced with western literature. “ mirzade-ye-eshgi” is one of those poets who we can cleanly see the effects of romanticism school in his poems, since the value of this literarily products owes to romanticism school elements. Revolutionary, creativity, Retiring idealism flash backs to traditional literarily forms national emotions nostalgia creating atmospheres full of sadness and showing sympathy toward the poor, are ports of romanticism school in fluencies on his poems.   Â

  16. Lowering of the YE+3 endcap disc on 30th November

    CERN Multimedia

    Max Brice, CERN

    2006-01-01

    Gigantic disc of CMS detector travels 100 m under the Earth It's an amazing engineering challenge - the lowering of the first tremendous endcap disc, known as YE+3, of the CMS particle detector slowly and carefully 100 m underground into the experimental cavern. The disc is one of 15 large pieces to make the grand descent. It's a uniquely shaped slice, 16 m high, about 50 cm thick and weighing 400 tonnes. The solid steel structure of the disc forms part of the magnet return yoke and is equipped on both sides with muon chambers. A special gantry crane will lower the element, with just 20 cm of leeway between the edges of the detector and the walls of the shaft. CMS is one of the four main experiments that will take data at the world's highest energy particle accelerator, CERN's Large Hadron Collider (LHC). The LHC is a 27 km circular ring 100 m underground. The CMS detector weighs a total of 12 500 tonnes and is constructed on the surface. Once all of the pieces are fully equipped, lowered underground and re-t...

  17. KEYNESYEN TEORİ’YE BİR TEPKİ: ARZ YANLI İKTİSAT

    OpenAIRE

    DOĞAN, Seyhun

    2006-01-01

    Arz Yanlı İktisat, Keynesyen Teori’ye bir tepki olarak 1970’li yıllarda doğmuştur. Arz Yanlı İktisat uygulamaları, 1980’lerde ABD Başkanı R. Reagan ve İngiltere Başbakanı M. Thatcher tarafından ön plana çıkartılmıştır. Özellikle ABD’de büyük ilgi gören Arz Yanlı İktisat, Başkan Reagan’ın seçim programına temel oluşturmuştur. Bu nedenle arz yanlı politikalara, “Reaganomics” ve “Thatcherism” adı da verilmiştir. Ekonominin verimlilik kapasitesi üzerinde etkili olan unsurları inceleyen ve temel a...

  18. Dispersive Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model: Band structure and quantum chaos

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    Zhang, Pengfei

    2017-11-01

    The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model is a concrete model for a non-Fermi liquid with maximally chaotic behavior in (0 +1 ) dimensions. In order to gain some insights into real materials in higher dimensions where fermions could hop between different sites, here we consider coupling a SYK lattice by constant hopping. We call this the dispersive SYK model. Focusing on (1 +1 ) -dimensional homogeneous hopping, by either tuning the temperature or the relative strength of the random interaction (hopping) and constant hopping, we find a crossover between a dispersive metal to an incoherent metal, where the dynamic exponent z changes from 1 to ∞ . We study the crossover by calculating the spectral function, charge density correlator, and the Lyapunov exponent. We further find the Lyapunov exponent becomes larger when the chemical potential is tuned to approach a van Hove singularity because of the large density of states near the Fermi surface. The effect of the topological nontrivial bands is also discussed.

  19. Competition between Chaotic and Nonchaotic Phases in a Quadratically Coupled Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev Model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Xin; Fan, Ruihua; Chen, Yiming; Zhai, Hui; Zhang, Pengfei

    2017-11-17

    The Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model is a concrete solvable model to study non-Fermi liquid properties, holographic duality, and maximally chaotic behavior. In this work, we consider a generalization of the SYK model that contains two SYK models with a different number of Majorana modes coupled by quadratic terms. This model is also solvable, and the solution shows a zero-temperature quantum phase transition between two non-Fermi liquid chaotic phases. This phase transition is driven by tuning the ratio of two mode numbers, and a nonchaotic Fermi liquid sits at the critical point with an equal number of modes. At a finite temperature, the Fermi liquid phase expands to a finite regime. More intriguingly, a different non-Fermi liquid phase emerges at a finite temperature. We characterize the phase diagram in terms of the spectral function, the Lyapunov exponent, and the entropy. Our results illustrate a concrete example of the quantum phase transition and critical behavior between two non-Fermi liquid phases.

  20. Universality and Thouless energy in the supersymmetric Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model

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    García-García, Antonio M.; Jia, Yiyang; Verbaarschot, Jacobus J. M.

    2018-05-01

    We investigate the supersymmetric Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK) model, N Majorana fermions with infinite range interactions in 0 +1 dimensions. We have found that, close to the ground state E ≈0 , discrete symmetries alter qualitatively the spectral properties with respect to the non-supersymmetric SYK model. The average spectral density at finite N , which we compute analytically and numerically, grows exponentially with N for E ≈0 . However the chiral condensate, which is normalized with respect the total number of eigenvalues, vanishes in the thermodynamic limit. Slightly above E ≈0 , the spectral density grows exponentially with the energy. Deep in the quantum regime, corresponding to the first O (N ) eigenvalues, the average spectral density is universal and well described by random matrix ensembles with chiral and superconducting discrete symmetries. The dynamics for E ≈0 is investigated by level fluctuations. Also in this case we find excellent agreement with the prediction of chiral and superconducting random matrix ensembles for eigenvalue separations smaller than the Thouless energy, which seems to scale linearly with N . Deviations beyond the Thouless energy, which describes how ergodicity is approached, are universally characterized by a quadratic growth of the number variance. In the time domain, we have found analytically that the spectral form factor g (t ), obtained from the connected two-level correlation function of the unfolded spectrum, decays as 1 /t2 for times shorter but comparable to the Thouless time with g (0 ) related to the coefficient of the quadratic growth of the number variance. Our results provide further support that quantum black holes are ergodic and therefore can be classified by random matrix theory.

  1. EKONOMİK KRİZLER VE TÜRKİYE

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    Mehmet Fatih DARICAN

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Dünya ekonomisi yıllardır ekonomik istikrarsızlıklara karşı karşıya gelmiştir. Ekonomik istikrarsızlıklar beraberinde dünya devletlerini etkileyen ekonomik krizler meydana getirmiştir. Bu makalede dünyada yaşanan krizler ve bu krizlerin Türkiye'ye yansıması anlatılmıştır. Türkiye'deki krizlerin bir kısmı kendi içindeki problemlerden kaynaklanmış bir kısmı ise dünyadaki gelişmelerden dolayı ortaya çıkmıştır. Türkiye'deki ortaya çıkan krizler tek nedene bağlamak doğru olmaz. Kimi zaman siyasal nedenlerde kimi zaman arz talep dengesizliğinden bazen de bankaların tutumundan kaynaklanabilir. Bu örnekler ve kriz çeşitleri detaylı bir şekilde makalede yer almaktadır. Türkiye tarihinde bir çok defa darbe görmüş bu darbeler sonunda da kimi zaman krize sürüklenmiştir. Demokratik tutumun olup olmaması da ekonomik krizlerin ortaya çıkmasında etkili bir nedendir. Türkiye ilk ekonomik krizi 1929 Büyük bunalım adı ile anılan dünya çapındaki krizle yaşamış son olarak da 2008 deki küresel krizden etkilenmiştir.

  2. A hydrogeological investigation of the Yeşilyurt (Isparta-Sütçüler plain

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    Suat Taşdelen

    2002-03-01

    Full Text Available Investigation area is almost 10 km in the north-west of Sütçüler country of Isparta and covers 60 km2 area. Firstly, detailed geological and hydrological investigation of Yeşilyurt Plain surface drainage area has been performed. Long term monitoring and analyses have been done for direction of hydrological investigation. An isohiyetal map was prepared for the investigation area. Water table maps were drawn by means of deep and shallow boreholes in the plain and flow direction was determined (October 2000. Water which was collected at boreholes was chemically analyzed to determine the characteristic of water for domestic use, irrigation and industrial purposes. In order to achieve this, the anion and cation concentrations, ionization abilities ionic activity, calcite dolomite sulphate saturation indexes and the partial pressures of dissolved CO2 were calculated and the results were interpreted. In addition, water has been classified according to chemical contend and use purpose by means of Wilcox, USA Salinity Laboratory, Piper and Schoeller diagrams and similarities in the origins of waters were investigated. During the study, a groundwater budget of Yeşilyurt Plain was prepared in the light of obtained data and optimum output of groundwater has been calculated.

  3. Toplumcu gerçekçilik ve Sabahattin Ali'nin hikâye kişileri

    OpenAIRE

    Hasdedeoğlu, Mehmet Onur

    2008-01-01

    Bu çalısmanın konusu, günümüzde devrini tamamlamıs olan toplumcu gerçekçilik akımının ilkeleri dorultusunda, Sabahattin Ali'nin hikâye kisilerini tanımaktır. Ulasılması hedeflenen amaç, edebiyatın çesitli türlerinde eserler vermis olmasına karsın daha çok hikâyeci kimligiyle öne çıkan Sabahattin Ali'nin, hikâyelerinde yarattıgı kahramanları inceleme yoluyla, temsilcisi oldugu toplumcu gerçekçilik akımı içerisindeki yerini belirlemektir. Çalısmanın çekirdegini olusturan ?Sabahattin Ali'nin Hik...

  4. Occurrence of the Spotted Sea Hare Aplysia dactylomela (Rang 1828, Aplysiidae in the Yeşilovacık Bay, Norteastern Mediterranean Coast of Turkey

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    Deniz Ayas

    2017-10-01

    Full Text Available The first record of the A. dactylomela from the Mediterranean Sea, in the Strait of Sicily waters was reported in 2002 (Trainito, 2003. Some reports of the A. dactylomela are given in the Mediterranean Sea in Table 1. A specimen of spotted sea hare was seen in a rock pool which was covered with algea. It was first recorded from Yeşilovacık Bay in 2017. Previous record of the species was noted in the Hatay coast of Turkey (Çinar et al. 2006. The present rapid communication reported the first record of A. dactylomela from the Yeşilovacık Bay. One specimen of A. dactylomela was photographed at the infralittoral zone of the Bay on 26 March, 2017, at a depth of 1 m in a rock pool togetter with Padina pavonica (Linnaeus and other algea.

  5. Potential therapeutic agents for circulatory diseases from Bauhinia glauca Benth.subsp. pernervosa. (Da Ye Guan Men).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tang, Yingzhan; Ling, Junhong; Zhang, Peng; Zhang, Xiangrong; Zhang, Na; Wang, Wenli; Li, Jiayuan; Li, Ning

    2015-08-15

    Because of platelets as critical factor in the formation of pathogenic thrombi, anti-platelet activities have been selected as therapeutic target for various circulatory diseases. In order to find potential therapeutic agents, bioassay-directed separation of Bauhinia glauca Benth.subsp. pernervosa. (called Da Ye Guan Men as a traditional Chinese medicine) was performed to get 29 main components (compounds 1-29) from the bioactive part of this herbal. It was the first time to focus on the composition with anti-platelet aggregation activities for this traditional Chinese medicine. The constituents, characterized from the effective extract, were established on the basis of extensive spectral data analysis. Then their anti-platelet aggregation effects were evaluated systematically. On the basis of the chemical profile and biological assay, it was suggested that the flavonoid composition (5 and 18) should be responsible for the anti-platelet aggregation of the herbal because of their significant activities. The primary structure and activity relationship was also discussed briefly. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier Ltd.

  6. Krassavitsa protiv tshudovishtshja / Anita-Lucia Roddick ; interv. Oksana Bondar

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Roddick, Anita-Lucia

    2005-01-01

    Intervjuu rahvusvahelise kosmeetikafirma The Body Shop looja, ühiskonnategelase ja keskkonnakaitsja Anita Roddick'uga. Firma The Body Shop osalemisest rahvusvahelises perevägivalla-vastases kampaanias

  7. Genetic analysis in maize foundation parents with mapping population and testcross population: Ye478 carried more favorable alleles and using QTL information could improve foundation parents

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    Yinghong Liu

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available The development of maize foundation parents is an important part of genetics and breeding research, and applying new genetic information to produce foundation parents has been challenging. In this study, we focused on quantitative trait loci (QTLs and general combining ability (GCA of Ye478, a widely used foundation parent in China. We developed three sets of populations for QTL mapping and to analyze the GCA for some agronomic traits. The assessment of 15 traits resulted in the detection of 251 QTLs in six tested environments, with 119 QTLs identified through a joint analysis across all environments. Further analyses revealed that most favorable alleles for plant type-related traits were from Ye478, and more than half of the favorable alleles for yield-related traits were from R08, another foundation parent used in southwestern China, suggesting that different types of foundation parents carried different favorable alleles. We observed that the GCA for most traits (e.g., plant height and 100-kernel weight was maintained in the inbred lines descended from the foundation parents. Additionally, the continuous improvement in the GCA of the descendants of the foundation parents was consistent with the main trend in maize breeding programs. We identified three significant genomic regions that were highly conserved in three Ye478 descendants, including the stable QTL for plant height. The GCA for the traits in the F7 generation revealed that the QTLs for the given traits per se were affected by additive effects in the same way in different populations.

  8. Investigation of Possible Tsunami Events on the Eastern Coast of Taiwan: Case Studies of Lu-Ye, Changping, and Tulan.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laksono, A. T., Jr.; Tsai, L. L. Y., Sr.

    2017-12-01

    Major earthquakes had occurred in eastern Taiwan for many times. According to an Amis folklore originated in Chengkong City, there was a big sea wave struck their settlement in 1850 AD. Several studies had been conducted, however, the evidence which indicates the tsunami was very weak. There is also a possibility that big sea waves had occurred due to typhoons which take place 3-4 times a year in Taiwan. The purpose of this study is to prove the possibility of tsunami events on the eastern coast of Taiwan based on sedimentological features. The methods in this study are facies analysis including observation of the marine terrace along Lu-Ye, Changping, and Tulan, identification of lithology, sedimentary structure, and fossil content. Lithology analysis is conducted by using point counting of 12 sandstone samples from marine terrace outcrops. Based on the field observation, we found a thin sand marine deposit included in the beach gravel at a height of 10 meters at the Changping marine terrace. It contains coral and some Mollusca shells and does not display any particular sedimentary structure. Sediments that have similar characteristics were also found in the Tulan marine terrace with a height of 5 m. In addition, fossil analysis of marine sand in Tulan exhibits the presence of several planktonic foraminifera fossils such as Orbulina bilobata and Globigerinoides ruber. Temporary interpretation indicates that there is a "super" event which transports shallow marine and beach materials subsequently deposit them on top of an alluvial fan. A 10 cm thin layer of sediment serves as an early tsunami indicator. In addition, the absence of deposits with the same characteristics further indicates that the event occurred only once. Since the eastern coast of Taiwan is an uplift zone with an uplift rate between 5-8 mm/year, the estimated wave height of tsunami should take into account both the tsunami age and the uplift rate. Furthermore, based on the distance from the

  9. Comparative pharmacokinetics of swertiamarin in rats after oral administration of swertiamarin alone, Qing Ye Dan tablets and co-administration of swertiamarin and oleanolic acid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xu, Gui-li; Li, Hong-liang; He, Jian-chang; Feng, En-fu; Shi, Pan-pan; Liu, Yue-qiong; Liu, Chang-xiao

    2013-08-26

    Qing Ye Dan is a well-known herbal drug that is widely used to treat viral hepatitis in the Yi and Hani minority regions in the Yunnan province of China. An LC-MS/MS method was developed to determine the levels of swertiamarin in rat plasma. Swertiamarin and naringin (internal standard, IS) were extracted from rat plasma using solid-phase extraction (SPE) to purify the samples. The pharmacokinetics of the following different administration methods of swertiamarin in rats were studied: oral administration of swertiamarin alone, a Qing Ye Dan tablet (QYDT) and co-administration of swertiamarin and oleanolic acid, with each method delivering approximately 20mg/kg of swertiamarin. Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic profiles were constructed by using the software DAS (version 2.1.1), and the pharmacokinetic parameters were compared using an unpaired Student's t-test. The results showed that the pharmacokinetic parameters Cmax, AUC0-∞, Vz/F and CLz/F were significantly different (P<0.05) among the three types of swertiamarin administration. The data indicate that oleanolic acid and the other ingredients present in QYDT could affect the pharmacokinetic behaviour of swertiamarin in rats. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  10. [Textual research on Chen Ye and his Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes) of the Song Dynasty].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Xuedan; Zhang, Ruqing; Chen, Dexing

    2014-01-01

    Chen Ye, an official of the Southern Song Dynasty, also known as Chen Rihua as his styled name, was born in Changle, Fuzhou in the reign of Shaoxing, and died during the reign of Duanping. He had been consecutively in the positions of Jiang shi lang (Court Gentleman for Ceremonial Service), Zhi zhou (Prefect) of Lingding, the Ti xing (Judicial Commissioner) of Guangdong, the Zong ling (Overseer-general) of Sichuan, Shan ding (Reviser), Shu lin and other positions in Tongzhou, Yuanzhou. His works included 1 volume of Gu ling xian sheng nian pu (Mr. Guling's Chronological Biography), 1 volume of Tan xie (On Humor), 1 volume of Shi hua (Poetry), 8 volumes of Jin yuan li shu (Jin Yuan's Smart Technique), 3 volumes of Yi jian zhi lei bian (Classified Compilation of Yijian's Annals), (Zeng guang) Suo sui lu (Augmented Records of Trivial Matters), 5 volumes of Jia cang jing yan fang (Family-preserved Empirical Recipes). He also compiled the 8-volume Yin jiang zhi (Yinjiang's Annals), published the 2-volume Jia cang ji yao fang (Collected Essential Recipes from Family Preservation), and other proses and poetry. Jia cang jing yan fang was a formulary compiled by Chen Ye, which was lost. Altogether 74 of its recipes were cited in Fu ren da quan liang fang (Complete Effective Prescriptions for Women's Diseases), Shou qin yang lao shu (A Book for Pursuing Seniors' Longevity and Healthcare), Pu ji fang (Prescriptions for Universal Relief) and Yong le da dian (Yongle Encyclopedia).

  11. Yeşilçam Döneminde Van’ın Sinema Kültürü Van’s Cinema Culture in Yeşilçam Period

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Arzu ERTAYLAN

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available The increase in the number of theoretical studies concerning cinema due to the increase in the number of communication and fine arts faculties has been a stubborn fact. Many academics and picturegoers have scrutinised the past and present Turkish cinema; many new and old films have been examined in terms of their subject matters, styles, ideologies, genres, directors or the representation of a specific subject; films have been analysed through certain research methods; and eventually, a theoretically significant literature has started to be created. The significance of these kinds of studies cannot be denied. Yet, it is evident that the number of field studies in Turkish cinema falls behind the pleasing increase in the number of theoretical studies. Although there are no requirements to equalise these numbers, it is believed that the significance of field studies should not be ignored.The field studies based on the data collected from a certain pilot region have the potential to provide practical answers for problems specific to this region. In this respect, the study titled “Van’s Cinema Culture in Yeşilçam Period” is considered significant. With this study, it is aimed to obtain data concerning the development of cinema in Van and also to contribute to the advancement of the field. Such a study necessitates research studies that would offer an insight to previous periods or at least official documents that have evidential value. However, the lack of sources materials has been an important problem during the study. This problem has forced the study to be based predicate mainly on interviews and a descriptive analysis. Therefore, the interviews with the owners of old movie theatres as well as the local people of Van who are famous for their interest in cinema and art have become prominent. The data obtained; is associated with the general socio-political and socio-cultural condition of Turkey in the same periods.In the first part, the

  12. Düzce Orman Ürünleri Sanayi İşletmelerinin Yeşil Pazarlama Konusunda Tutum ve Davranışlarının İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tarık GEDİK

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Gelişen teknoloji ile birlikte çevrenin korunmasına verilen önem giderek artmaktadır. Hem bireysel hem de sivil toplum örgütlerinin çevreye karşı duyarlılığının günden güne artması sonucunda üretici konumunda bulunan işletmeler rakiplerinin önüne geçmek için çevreye daha fazla önem verdiklerini faaliyetlerinde tüketicilere yansıtmak istemektedirler. Bu bağlamda işletmelerin yeşil pazarlama kavramına olan ilgileri de günden güne artış göstermektedir. Yapılan bu çalışma Düzce orman ürünleri sanayi işletmelerinin yeşil pazarlama konusunda tutum ve davranışlarını belirlemeye yönelik bir araştırma niteliğindedir. Bu amaç doğrultusunda Ocak-Nisan 2014 döneminde Düzce ilinde Düzce Ticaret ve Sanayi Odasına Kayıtlı 66 orman endüstri işletmesinin anket yardımıyla incelenmesi hedeflenmiştir. İnceleme sonucunda yapılan istatitiksel analizlerle yeşil pazarlama konusunda Düzce orman ürünleri sanayi işletmelerinin yeşil pazarlama kapsamında yaptıkları faaliyetlerle daha yüksek bir tatmine ve müşteri memnuniyetine ulaştıkları belirlenmiştir. Yeşil pazarlama kapsamında işletmelerin daha fazla sorumluluk almaları gerektiği ve bunun sonucunda da daha yüksek finansmana gereksinim duydukları belirtilirken, işletmelerin yeşil pazarlamaya verecekleri önemle güvenilirliklerini arttıracağı görülmüştür.

  13. Trakyada Yeşilyurt Gazetesine Göre 1944 Yılında II. Dünya Savaşı ve Kırklareli

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Türkan Vahibe DOĞRUÖZ

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Gazeteler günlük ya da haftalık olarak, özel bir konuda veya genel konularla ilgili güncel olayları ve gelişmeleri okuyucularına ileten yazılı belgelerdir. Bu belgeler aynı zamanda yayınladıkları dönemi günümüze taşıyan birincil kaynaklardır. İl özelinde çıkan yerel gazetelerde ilde yaşanan siyasi, ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel gelişmelere ilişkin okuyuculara ve araştırmacılara bilgi sağlarlar. Ali Rıza Dursunkaya tarafından 31 Ağustos 1925 tarihinde yayın hayatına başlayan Trakya’da Yeşilyurt gazetesi de Kırklareli’nin ilk yerel gazetesi olma özelliğini taşımaktadır. Günümüze kadar yayım hayatına devam eden gazete Kırklareli’nde yaşanan siyasi, ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel olayları bizlere ulaştırmaya devam etmektedir. Çalışmamızda Trakya’da Yeşilyurt gazetesinin II. Dünya Savaşı’nın son yıllarına rastlayan 1944 yılına ait 07 2. Kanun (Ocak 1944- 29 2. Kanun 1944 tarihleri arasında haftada iki gün Salı ve Cuma günleri yayımlanan 1313-1413 sayıları incelenecektir. Böylece Türkiye’nin II. Dünya Savaşı sırasında yaşadığı zor günler Kırklareli örneği ile anlatılmaya çalışılacaktır. Amacımız II. Dünya Savaşı’nın yaşandığı günlerde siyasi, ekonomik, sosyal ve kültürel açıdan Kırklareli’nde yaşananları o günün gazete haberlerini kronolojik bir sıra takip ederek mevcut durumu incelemektir. Trakya’da Yeşilyurt gazetesi ile ilgili olarak böyle bir çalışmanın daha önce yapılmamış olması göz önüne alındığında dönemle ilgili Kırklareli iline yeni bir bakış açısı getireceği düşünülmektedir. İkinci Dünya Savaşı’nın son yıllarına tekabül eden ve Türkiye’nin zor zamanlarına tanıklık etmiş savaş haberleri dışında eğitim, ekonomi, tarım kooperatif, kültür, sanat, sağlık, spor, haberleriyle halka ışık tutacaktır.

  14. Sequence stratigraphy and environmental background of the late Pleistocene and Holocene occupation in the Southeast Primor'ye (the Russian Far East)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chlachula, Jiri; Krupyanko, Alexander A.

    2016-06-01

    The paper presents the results of Quaternary palaeoecology and geoarchaeology studies in the Zerkal'naya Basin, with new insights about sequenced natural shifts during the prehistoric occupation of this marginally explored NE Asian maritime territory. The Basin is part of the continental drainage system and the main physiographic and biotic corridor for peopling of the transitive coastal interior SE Primor'ye Region. The Final Pleistocene and Holocene environmental (biotic and abiotic) proxy records from the Upper/Final Palaeolithic to early historical sites document a dynamic climate change with vegetation cover transformations within riverine and mountain valley ecosystems of the Russian Far East. Most of the archaeological sites located on the low terraces and bedrock promontories along the main river channel and its tributary streams suggest traditional hunter gathered lifestyles based on seasonal salmon-fishing supplemented by pastoral economy. Tundra-forests with larch trees, dwarf birch thickets and polypod ferns from the basal stratigraphic units of the late Last Glacial occupation sites associated with the Upper Palaeolithic micro-blade and bifacial stone tool traditions (14C-dated to 19,000-12,000 cal yrs BP) indicate rather pronounced conditions and much lower MAT comparing today. Following a final Pleistocene cooling event, a major climate warming marked the onset of Holocene accompanied by a regional humidity increase promoting the formation of a mixed broadleaved-coniferous oak-dominant taiga, and culminating in the mid-Holocene Climatic Optimum. The appearance of mosaic parklands ca. 5,000-4,000 cal yrs BP. may be partly attributed to the expansion of the Far Eastern Neolithic cultures practicing forest clearance for pastures and dwellings. A progressing landscape opening indicated by the spread of light-demanding thickets and birch-dominated riverine biotopes with Artemisia suggests a further vegetation cover transformation during the late Neolithic

  15. JEOTERMAL MERKEZİ ISITMA AÇISINDAN KONUT ÖZELLİKLERİ VE DENİZLİ'NİN JEOTERMAL ENERJİYE BAKIŞI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Halil KARAHAN

    1996-01-01

    Full Text Available Hava kirliliği sorununa etkili bir çözüm olarak yaklaşık on yıldır, Kızıldere Jotermal sahasından elde edilen jeotermal akışkanın Denizli'nin merkezi ısıtılmasında kullanımı sürekli gündemde bulunmasına rağmen bu güne kadar konut sayıları, konut alanları, ısınma türü, konut başına kömür tüketimi, ısı yalıtımı, mevcut binaların ne kadarının kaloriferli olduğu gibi projenin maliyetini doğrudan etkileyecek veriler ya keyfi olarak seçilmiş, ya da Denizli' ye göre yerleşim alanı ve nüfusu çok küçük olan yerler esas alınarak değerlendirmeler yapılmıştır. Yapılacak projenin istenilen amaca hizmet edebilmesi için Denizli' ye ait değerlerin elde edilmesi, fizibilite ve projelendirme aşamalarında bu değerlerin kullanılması gerekir. Bu amaçla Denizli şehir merkezinde, değişik gelir gruplarını ve konut özelliklerini temsil eden yaklaşık 15000 bağımsız birime (konut, işyeri ekte verilen anket formu dağıtılmış ve anket formları bilgisayar aracılığıyla değerlendirilmiş ve sonuçlar grafik olarak sunulmuştur.

  16. Validation of the YuWell YE690A upper-arm blood pressure monitor, for clinic use and self-measurement, according to the European Society of Hypertension International Protocol revision 2010.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Qi; Lei, Lei; Li, Yan; Wang, Ji-Guang

    2017-10-01

    The present study aimed to evaluate the accuracy of the automated oscillometric upper-arm blood pressure monitor YuWell YE690A for blood pressure measurement according to the International Protocol of the European Society of Hypertension revision 2010. Systolic and diastolic blood pressures were measured sequentially in 33 adult Chinese (12 women, 44.2 years of mean age) using a mercury sphygmomanometer (two observers) and the YE690A device (one supervisor). A total of 99 pairs of comparisons were obtained from 33 participants for judgments in two parts with three grading phases. All the blood pressure requirements were fulfilled. The YuWell YE690A device achieved the targets in part 1 of the validation study. The number of absolute differences between device and observers within 5, 10, and 15 mmHg was 79/99, 96/99, and 97/99, respectively, for systolic blood pressure and 72/99, 95/99, and 98/99, respectively, for diastolic blood pressure. The device also fulfilled the criteria in part 2 of the validation study. Thirty-one and 25 participants for systolic and diastolic blood pressure, respectively, had at least two of the three device-observer differences within 5 mmHg (required ≥24). No participant for systolic and two participants for diastolic blood pressure had all the three device-observer comparisons greater than 5 mmHg. The YuWell blood pressure monitor YE690A has passed the requirements of the International Protocol revision 2010 and hence can be recommended for blood pressure measurement in adults.

  17. The anti-hyperplasia, anti-oxidative and anti-inflammatory properties of Qing Ye Dan and swertiamarin in testosterone-induced benign prostatic hyperplasia in rats.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Xinying; Gu, Ye; Li, Lun

    2017-01-04

    Qing Ye Dan (QYD) is the whole plant of Swertia mileensis and used in Chinese folk medicine for the treatment of prostatitis, benign prostatic hyperplasia (BPH) and so on. This study was to investigate the effects of QYD and its main component swertiamarin on BPH induced by testosterone in rats. The prostatic expressions of vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), epidermal growth factor (EGF), basic fibroblast growth factor (βFGF) and proliferating cell nuclear antigen (PCNA) were detected by immunohistochemistry assay. Prostatic levels of oxidative stress and inflammatory-related factors were also analyzed. Additionally, the prostatic expressions of androgen receptor (AR), estrogen receptor (ER)-α, ER-β, hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF)-1α, B-cell CLL/lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) were measured by western blot. The epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) associated factors were evaluated by quantitative RT-PCR. It showed that QYD and swertiamarin ameliorated the testosterone-induced prostatic hyperplasia and collagen deposition, attenuated the over-expressions of HIF-1α, VEGF, EGF, βFGF, PCNA, AR and ER-α, reduced the ratio of Bcl-2/Bax, enhanced the expression of ER-β, inhibited the oxidative stress and local inflammation, as well as relieved prostatic EMT. It suggested that QYD and swertiamarin had prostatic protective potential against BPH. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.

  18. Black Hole on a Chip: Proposal for a Physical Realization of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in a Solid-State System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D. I. Pikulin

    2017-07-01

    Full Text Available A system of Majorana zero modes with random infinite-range interactions—the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev (SYK model—is thought to exhibit an intriguing relation to the horizons of extremal black holes in two-dimensional anti–de Sitter space. This connection provides a rare example of holographic duality between a solvable quantum-mechanical model and dilaton gravity. Here, we propose a physical realization of the SYK model in a solid-state system. The proposed setup employs the Fu-Kane superconductor realized at the interface between a three-dimensional topological insulator and an ordinary superconductor. The requisite N Majorana zero modes are bound to a nanoscale hole fabricated in the superconductor that is threaded by N quanta of magnetic flux. We show that when the system is tuned to the surface neutrality point (i.e., chemical potential coincident with the Dirac point of the topological insulator surface state and the hole has sufficiently irregular shape, the Majorana zero modes are described by the SYK Hamiltonian. We perform extensive numerical simulations to demonstrate that the system indeed exhibits physical properties expected of the SYK model, including thermodynamic quantities and two-point as well as four-point correlators, and discuss ways in which these can be observed experimentally.

  19. Early age hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate (synthetic ye'elimite, ) in the presence of gypsum and varying amounts of calcium hydroxide

    KAUST Repository

    Hargis, Craig W.

    2013-06-01

    Suspensions of synthetic ye\\'elimite (C4A3S̄) in a saturated gypsum (CS̄H2) and calcium hydroxide (CH) solution were examined in-situ in a wet cell by soft X-ray transmission microscopy and ex-situ by scanning electron microscopy. The most voluminous hydration product observed was ettringite. Ettringite commonly displayed acicular, filiform, reticulated, and stellate crystal habits. Additionally, pastes with C 4A3S̄, 15% CS̄H2, and varying amounts of CH were prepared and examined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and isothermal calorimetry. The XRD experiments showed that increasing CH content caused more solid solution (SO4 2 -/OH-) AFm phases to form at early ages (< 1 d) and more monosulfate to form at later ages (> 1 d). Calorimetry indicated that the increased production of solid solution AFm was accompanied with an increase in the initial (< 30 min) rate of heat evolution, and increasing CH generally reduced the time till the second maximum rate of heat evolution due to the formation of ettringite and monosulfate. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  20. Early age hydration of calcium sulfoaluminate (synthetic ye'elimite, ) in the presence of gypsum and varying amounts of calcium hydroxide

    KAUST Repository

    Hargis, Craig W.; Kirchheim, Ana Paula; Monteiro, Paulo J.M.; Gartner, Ellis M.

    2013-01-01

    Suspensions of synthetic ye'elimite (C4A3S̄) in a saturated gypsum (CS̄H2) and calcium hydroxide (CH) solution were examined in-situ in a wet cell by soft X-ray transmission microscopy and ex-situ by scanning electron microscopy. The most voluminous hydration product observed was ettringite. Ettringite commonly displayed acicular, filiform, reticulated, and stellate crystal habits. Additionally, pastes with C 4A3S̄, 15% CS̄H2, and varying amounts of CH were prepared and examined with X-ray diffraction (XRD) and isothermal calorimetry. The XRD experiments showed that increasing CH content caused more solid solution (SO4 2 -/OH-) AFm phases to form at early ages (< 1 d) and more monosulfate to form at later ages (> 1 d). Calorimetry indicated that the increased production of solid solution AFm was accompanied with an increase in the initial (< 30 min) rate of heat evolution, and increasing CH generally reduced the time till the second maximum rate of heat evolution due to the formation of ettringite and monosulfate. © 2013 Elsevier Ltd.

  1. Polyoxygenated Cyclohexenoids with Promising α-Glycosidase Inhibitory Activity Produced by Phomopsis sp. YE3250, an Endophytic Fungus Derived from Paeonia delavayi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Huang, Rong; Jiang, Bo-Guang; Li, Xiao-Nian; Wang, Ya-Ting; Liu, Si-Si; Zheng, Kai-Xuan; He, Jian; Wu, Shao-Hua

    2018-02-07

    Seven new polyoxygenated cyclohexenoids, namely, phomopoxides A-G (1-7), were isolated from the fermentation broth extract of an endophytic fungal strain Phomopsis sp. YE3250 from the medicinal plant Paeonia delavayi Franch. The structures of these compounds were established by spectroscopic interpretation. The absolute configurations of compounds 1 and 4 were confirmed by X-ray crystallographic analysis and chemical derivative approach. All isolated compounds showed weak cytotoxic activities toward three human tumor cell lines (Hela, MCF-7, and NCI-H460) and weak antifungal activities against five pathogenic fungi (Candida albicans, Aspergillus niger, Pyricularia oryzae, Fusarium avenaceum, and Hormodendrum compactum). In addition, compounds 1-7 showed a promising α-glycosidase inhibitory activity with IC 50 values of 1.47, 1.55, 1.83, 2.76, 2.88, 3.16, and 2.94 mM, respectively, as compared with a positive control of acarbose (IC 50 = 1.22 mM).

  2. Potential Ameliorative Effects of Qing Ye Dan Against Cadmium Induced Prostatic Deficits via Regulating Nrf-2/HO-1 and TGF-β1/Smad Pathways.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Lifen; Lei, Yongfang; Chen, Jinglou; Song, Hongping; Wu, Xinying

    2017-01-01

    Cadmium (Cd) is an environmental pollutant with reproductive toxicity. Swertia mileensis is used in Chinese medicine for the treatment of prostatic deficits and named as Qing Ye Dan (QYD). This study was undertaken to investigate the potential protective effects of QYD against Cd-induced prostatic deficits. Rat model of prostatic deficits was induced by 0.2 mg/kg/d CdCl2 subcutaneous injection for 15 days. The prostatic oxidative stress was evaluated by detecting the levels of malondialdehyde, nitric oxide, reduced/ oxidized glutathione, total sulfhydryl groups and enzymatic antioxidant status. The prostatic inflammation was estimated by testing the levels of pro-inflammatory cytokines. The levels of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT) markers E-cadherin, fibronectin, vimentin and α-smooth muscle actin were measured by qPCR analysis. Additionally, the prostatic expressions of transforming growth factor-β1 (TGF-β1), type I TGF-β receptor (TGF-βRI), Smad2, phosphorylation-Smad2 (p-Smad2), Smad3, p-Smad3, Smad7, nuclear related factor-2 (Nrf-2), heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1), B-cell CLL/lymphoma (Bcl)-2 and Bcl-2-associated X protein (Bax) were measured by western blot assay. It was found that QYD ameliorated the Cd-induced prostatic oxidative stress and inflammation, attenuated prostatic EMT, inhibited the TGF-β1/Smad pathway, increased Bcl-2/Bax ratio and enhanced the activity of Nrf-2/HO-1 pathway. These results showed that QYD could ameliorate Cd-induced prostatic deficits via modulating Nrf-2/HO-1 and TGF-β1/Smad pathways. © 2017 The Author(s). Published by S. Karger AG, Basel.

  3. from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice

    2008-01-01

    from left to right : Mr Michel Della Negra (Last spokeperson of CMS), Prof. Tejinder ("Jim") Virdee (actual spokeperson of CMS), Mr Robert Aymar (CERN Director General) and Mr Sigurd Lettow (Chief Financial Officer of CERN) assist to the Lowering of the final element (YE-1) of the Compact Muon Solenoid (CMS) detector into its underground experimental cavern.

  4. Henequén'ın Dönüşü, Bir Yeşil Lif İle Yucatan'da Karmaşık Bir Tarih

    OpenAIRE

    ANAYA, Yosi

    2014-01-01

    Meksika Mayaları ve Orta Amerika'nın önde gelen liflerinden birisi, sisal olarak bilinen Henequéndir. Sömürgecilik döneminin üretim merkezlerinden birisi olan Yucatan'ınadını alan Henequén, yüzyıllarca Yucatan Yarımadasının “Yeşil Altın”ı olarak bilindi. Yucatek ekonomisi, 20. yüzyıl boyunca ihtiyaç duyulan her türlü ip, halı,çuval ve kaba kumaşları sağlayan henequén tarlaları etrafında gelişti, yerleşti ve serpildi. 20. yüzyılda henequén lifi, daha ucuz fiyatlarla Madagaskar ve Ken...

  5. İzmir İlinde Bulunan Termal Sularda Gelişen Bazı Termofilik Mavi-Yeşil Alglerin (Siyanobakterilerin İzolasyonu ve Moleküler Tayini.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kerem Yüksel

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available İzmir ili ve çevresindeki termal tesislerden elde edilen mavi-yeşil algler (siyanobakteriler laboratuar ortamında izole edilip, moleküler yöntemlerle tür tayini çalışılmıştır. Zeytindalı kaplıcaları, Şifne Termal Otel ve Balçova Termal Otel olmak üzere 3 istasyondan elde edilen 4 mavi-yeşil alg (siyanobakteri türü, laboratuarda kültür ortamında saflaştırılarak izole edilmişlerdir. Daha sonra elde edilen hücrelerden, DNA izolasyonu sonucu elde edilen DNA’lar PCR’da çoğaltılmıştır. Siyanobakterilere özgü primerler kullanılarak 16S rRNA gen bölgeleri tekrar PCR’da çoğaltılarak elde edilen dizi analizi verileri bilgisayar programlarında yorumlanarak filogenetik bakımdan tür tayini yapılmaya çalışılmıştır. Dizi analizlerine göre yapılan tür tayini doğrultusunda, örneklerden üçünün Geitlerinema cinsi olduğu diğer 1 türün ise kültürü belirlenmemiş tür olduğu belirtilmiştir

  6. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Engin YARBAŞI

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available TURKISH ACCOUNTING STANDARDS AND ACCOUNTING APPLICATION OF THE PROMOTIONAL PRODUCTS BASED ON CUSTOMER LOYALTY PROGRAMSAbstract: It is an undeniable and inevitable fact that the world economic growth relies heavily on ever-expanding concept of globalisation. The survival of commercial enterprises, as the most important economic units in this system, directly depends on keeping and broadening their market shares.In the competitive atmosphere that started in the middle of the last century, the concept called Marketing Mix, the 4 P’s, became a part of the literature in 1960’s in order to help the economic units and corporations to maintain their survival. The elements of Marketing Mix- product, place, price and promotion, are instruments developed to lure new customers as well as keep the former loyal ones.  The concept of Promotion evolved greatly in time and companies developed innovative ways to persuade new customers and keep the loyal ones. It was later discovered that the cost of luring new customers is six times more pricy than keeping old ones thus investing in the loyal customers proved to be more attractive. Time difference of the activities of Promotion, the effort of sustaining customer loyalty or commitment of the old buyers, was influential on accounting as well and thus was included in IAS.  Keywords:                Marketing Mix, Turkish Financial Reporting Standards, IFRIC 13.  TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARI VE MÜŞTERİ SADAKATİ PROGRAMLARI KAPSAMINDA VERİLEN PROMOSYON ÜRÜNLERİNİN MUHASEBE UYGULAMASIÖzet: Dünya ekonomisinin küreselleşme olgusu çerçevesinde gittikçe artan bir hızla gelişmekte olduğu yadsınamaz ve kaçınılamaz bir gerçektir. Bu düzende yer alan en önemli ekonomik birimler olan ticari işletmelerin ömürleri pazar paylarını koruyabilmelerine ve genişletebilmelerine doğrudan bağlıdır.Geçtiğimiz yüzyılın ortalarında başlayan rekabet ortamında ticari

  7. Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye Göre Sûfi Benlik Dönüşümü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ibrahim Işıtan

    2013-03-01

    ğer bir takım yöntemler ortaya konmuştur. Sûfî anlayış da kendine has metotlarla bir benlik gelişimi teorisi oluşturmuş, seyri sülûk diye adlandırılan rûhî gelişimin temel karakteristiklerini ortaya koymuştur. Modern psikoloji insanın davranışını ve davranışlarındaki patolojik durumları anlamaya ve yeniden düzenlemek için terapi yöntemleri geliştirmeye çalışırken, sûfî hayat biçimi de insanı anlamaya ve olumsuz ve patolojik diye nitelendirebileceğimiz davranışlarını – tasavvuf diliyle ifade edersek nefsin ayıplarını – rûhî ve mânevi yapıya göre yeniden düzene koyma konusu üzerine durmuştur. Bu çalışmada, sûfî benlik dönüşümü konusu, klasik dönemin ünlü sûfilerinden olan Ebu’l Hasan Harakânî’ye göre incelenmiş ve sûfî benlik dönüşümün fizyolojik ve psiko-ruhsal boyutlardaki yansımaları kısaca ele alınmıştır.La Transmutation de Soi selon Ebu’l-Hasan al-HarakânîRésuméLa psychologie soufie est un nouveau domaine de recherche qui étudie les attitudes et comportements des soufis. En parallèle du développement de la psychologie moderne qui étudie les attitudes et comportements humains et leurs origines dans l’organisme de l’homme, on a eu l’occasion d’étudier les attitudes et comportements des soufis selon le point de vue psychologique. En psychologie moderne, on a étudié le sujet de l’intégrité de soi appelé par l’expression de ‘réalisation de soi’ en examinant les principales caractéristiques des personnes dites ‘perfectionnées’ et on a développé certaines méthodes et théories au sujet du développement de la personnalité. La vie soufie a développé une théorie de la personnalité selon ses propres méthodes en étudiant les caractéristiques de base de l’évolution spirituelle de l’homme. La psychologie moderne examine aussi les comportements pathologiques et développe des thérapies adéquates pour réadapter les comportements

  8. Albino Farelerde Bisfenol A Tarafından Teşvik Edilen Genotoksisiteye Karşı Yeşil Kahvenin Koruyucu Rolünün Araştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burhan İŞTAR

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Özet. Bu çalışmada gıda ve içecek ambalajlama materyallerinde sıkça kullanılan kimyasal maddelerden biri olan Bisfenol A (BFA’nın Swiss albino farelerde muhtemel fizyolojik ve genotoksik etkileri ile bu etkilere karşı yeşil kahvenin koruyucu rolü araştırılmıştır. Fizyolojik etkiler; canlı ağırlık ve karaciğer-böbrek organ ağırlıklarının ölçümü ile genotoksik etkiler ise; eritrosit ve yanak mukoza epitelyum hücrelerindeki mikronukleus (MN sıklığının, kemik iliği hücrelerinde ise kromozomal hasar oluşumunun tespitiyle değerlendirilmiştir. Fareler her grupta altı (6 hayvan olacak şekilde toplam altı (6 gruba ayrılmış, kontrol grubundaki fareler çeşme suyu, uygulama grubundaki fareler ise yeşil kahvenin 100 mg/kg c.a ve 400 mg/kg c.a dozlarıyla ve BFA’nın 50 mg/kg c.a dozuyla beslenmişlerdir. Sonuçta BFA uygulaması canlı ağırlıklarda ve organ ağırlıklarında istatistiksel açıdan önemli bir azalmaya neden olurken, MN ve kromozomal anormallik sıklığında ise önemli bir artışa neden olmuştur. Yeşil kahve uygulaması ise BFA’nın söz konusu olumsuz etkilerini iyileştirerek, tüm parametrelerde doza bağlı bir iyileşme göstermiştir. BFA’nın belli bir doz eşiğinden sonra toksisiteye sebep olduğu, yeşil kahvenin ise bu toksisiteyi azaltmada etkili bir antioksidant ürün olduğu anlaşılmıştır.Anahtar Kelimeler: Bisfenol A, Fizyoloji, Genotoksisite, Kromozomal Anormallikler, Mikronukleus, Yeşil Kahve Abstract. This study researches into the potential physiologic and genotoxic effects of Bisphenol A, which is one of the most frequent chemical substance used in food and beverage packaging materials, on Swiss Albino mice and the protective role of green coffee against these effects. The study analyzes the physiologic effects by measuring the live weight, liver and kidney weight, whilst determining the genotoxic effects by frequency of micronucles (MN on

  9. İtibar Yönetimi Açışından Yeşil Pazarlama: Örnek Olay İncelemesi / Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samet Kavoğlu

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available 21.yy modern işletmecilik mantığı çerçevesinde üretimin sorun olmaktan çıktığı, işletmeler için en önemli sıkıntının pazarlama faaliyetleri kapsamında yaşandığı düşünüldüğünde, alana dair çok sayıda yenilikçi fikrin ortaya çıkması oldukça normaldir. Bu fikri akımlar içerisinde yer alan, çalışma kapsamında incelenecek yeşil pazarlama uygulamalarını, diğerlerinden ayıran başlıca özellik pazarlama karması içerisinde yer alan tutundurma faaliyetlerinin her bir faktörüyle ilişkilendirilebilir olmasıdır. Çalışmanın sınırlarını çizebilmek ve derinlemesine araştırma olanağını arttırmak adına araştırma kapsamında yeşil pazarlamanın, tutundurma faaliyetlerinden halkla ilişkilerin, itibar yönetimi fonksiyonuyla olan ilişkisi, ödüllü bir proje olan “Unilever Sürdürülebilir Yaşam Planı” örneği üzerinden incelenmiştir. Çalışmanın sonunda, kuruluşun paydaşları nezdinde itibarını arttırmak gayesiyle hayata geçirilen yeşil pazarlama temalı, küresel ölçekli projenin hedefleri açısından genel değerlendirmesi yapılmıştır. Green Marketing in Terms of Reputation Management: A Case Study When it is taken into account that the production is no longer a problem within the framework of the modern business management logic of the 21st century and the primary difficulty is experienced by the businesses within the scope of the marketing activities, it is natural that a great number of innovative ideas emerge concerning the field. The main characteristic which distinguishes the practices of the green marketing which is in these streams of ideas and which will be examined within the scope of study from others is that they can be associated with each factor of promotional activities in the marketing mix. To be able to draw the lines of the study and to increase the possibility of the in-depth research, within the scope of the research, the relationship of

  10. Lider-Üye Etkileşiminin İşgören Performansına Etkisinde Çalışanların Örgütsel Adalet Algılarının Rolü

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hakan TURGUT

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı, lider-üye etkileşiminin çalışanların örgütsel adalet algıları ile performansları üzerindeki etkilerini belirlemek ve örgütsel adaletin, lider-üye etkileşimi ile işgören performansı arasındaki ilişkide aracılık rolünün bulunup bulunmadığını araştırmaktır. Bu amaçla Çorum’da bulunan orta öğretim seviyesindeki 20 farklı okulda görevli 471 öğretmenin katılımı ile bir çalışma yapılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda; lider üye etkileşiminin, örgütsel adalet boyutlarını (dağıtım, işlemsel, kişilerarası, bilgisel ve işgören performansını, işlemsel, kişilerarası ve bilgisel adaletin de işgören performansını anlamlı ve pozitif yönde etkilediği görülmüş, ayrıca işlemsel, kişilerarası ve bilgisel adaletin lider üye etkileşimi ile işgören performansı ilişkisinde tam aracılık rollerinin bulunduğu belirlenmiştir.

  11. A Comparative Study of the Story Events in Literary and Cinematic Narrative: A Comparison between the Story of Ashghalduni (Dustbin and the Adapted Movie, Dayere-ye Mina (The Cycle

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Z. Hayati

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available The present article tries to study the story Ašghālduni (Dustbin by Gholāmhossein Sā’edi and the adapted movie Dāyere-ye Minā (The Cycle by Dāryuš Mehrjuyi with a view to new adaptation theories. Of course, these theories have not yet been consistent and well-established; but its literature is going to evolve, especially its essentials are discussed in the study method of narratology. As an example, this proposition is discussed in theoretical subjects of adaptation that even in the loyal adapted movies, in which the structure of the literary story and the sequence of events in the movie are preserved, some of the semantic functions change because of story entry into the cinematic discourse along with the needs of medium of cinema. For example, the figurative aspect of Sā’edi's story in its adapted movie has been influenced by the scheme and sometimes realism dominates symbolism. Mehrjuyi has organized the events in the discourse of classic cinema in order to encourage the reader to persist the events during a certain time period. The way of timing a movie in terms of a three-screen structure encourages the spectator to follow the events and causes the "scheme" to dominate the "idea". Since the dominance of either scheme or idea creates different themes, it can be said that the very structural change leads somewhat to semantic change. Similarly, the change of Sā’edi's open ending narrative to a close one prevents the audience to participate in re-making the fictional fate of Ali; the sort that exists in a literary text.

  12. Examination of Story Books Produced Towards Preschool Children Regarding Elements of Violence and Horror Okul Öncesi Çocuklarına Yönelik Yayınlanan Hikâye Kitaplarının Şiddet ve Korku Öğeleri Açısından İncelenmesi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H. Elif Dağlıoğlu

    2009-09-01

    Full Text Available Story books are used as an indispensable tool for the education of children. Therefore, the high-quality story books that are prepared taking the age and development characteristics, needs and interests of the children into account gain even more importance. In this study, the violence and horror elements in the text and illustration parts of a total of 174 story books published in Turkey between 1995 and 2005 by 9 publishing houses, 52 of them being translations and 122 written by Turkish authors, are examined through an evaluation form created by researchers. In general, an average of 8 percent of violence and 11 percent of horror elements were found in the texts and illustrations of the story books. These elements were found mostly in translated books and books that are published under the category of world classics. Hikâye kitapları çocukların eğitiminde vazgeçilmez bir araç olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bunun için çocukların yaşları, gelişim özellikleri, ilgi ve ihtiyaçları dikkate alınarak hazırlanmış nitelikli hikâye kitapları büyük önem kazanmaktadır. Bu araştırmada Türkiye’de 1995-2005 yılları arasında 9 yayınevi tarafından basılmış 52’si çeviri, 122’si yerli olmak üzere toplam 174 hikâye kitabının metin ve resim kısımlarında bulunan şiddet ve korku öğeleri araştırmacılar tarafından oluşturulan bir değerlendirme formu ile incelenmiştir. Genel olarak hikâye kitaplarının metin ve resimlerinde ortalama % 8 şiddet, % 11 korku öğesi olduğu bulunmuştur. Söz konusu öğeler daha çok çeviri ve dünya klasikleri grubundaki kitaplarda tespit edilmiştir.

  13. PC-3 Prostat Kanser Hücreleri Üzerinde İndosyanin Yeşili Kullanarak Yapılan Fotodinamik Terapinin AO/PI Boyama Testi Sonuçları

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    Mustafa Kemal RUHİ

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available Fotodinamik terapi (FDT prostat kanseri tedavisinde henüz araştırma aşamasında olan sağaltıcı bir alternatiftir. FDT, ışığa duyarlı bir kimyasal maddenin (fotosensitizan ışık ile aktive edilmesi ve aktive olan kimyasalın kanserli bölgedeki hücre canlılığını baskılayıcı etkiye neden olması prensibine dayanmaktadır. Bu yeni tedavi yöntemi hem seçiciliği hem de yan etkilerinin azlığı nedeniyle alternatifler arasında ön plana çıkmaktadır. FDT’de kullanılan fotosensitizanın ışıksız ortamda sitotoksik olmaması ve vücuttan kolay atılabilmesi istenmektedir. Ayrıca herhangi bir fotosensitizanın yakın kızılaltı ışık ile aktive olması, bu dalgaboyunun deriye ve diğer dokulara daha fazla nüfuz etmesinden dolayı tercih sebebidir. Bu özelliklere sahip olan İndosiyanin Yeşili (ISY daha çok floresans özelliği ile ön plana çıkmış ve görüntüleme amaçlı olarak kullanılmıştır. Bu in vitro çalışmada ISY-FDT’nin farklı inkübasyon süreleri sonundaki etkisi AO/PI boyama yöntemi kullanarak ortaya konmuştur. Elde edilen sonuçlar ISY-FDT’nin hücre canlılığını baskıladığını göstermektedir.

  14. "Thou" and "Ye" in Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale."

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilcockson, Colin

    1980-01-01

    Examines the use of the second person pronoun in Chaucer's "Clerk's Tale" to demonstrate that students of medieval texts may well miss important areas of meaning if they fail to give adequate attention to the historical study of language. (GT)

  15. 2790-IJBCS-Article-Lambienou YE

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Cette étude a porté sur les sols et la végétation herbacée d'une savane pâturée au Burkina Faso. Elle ... does not impact soil chemical and biological parameters, except for soil basal respiration that increases .... Hyparrhenia subplumosa,.

  16. A generalization of Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gross, David J.; Rosenhaus, Vladimir [Kavli Institute for Theoretical Physics, University of California,Santa Barbara, CA 93106 (United States)

    2017-02-17

    The SYK model: fermions with a q-body, Gaussian-random, all-to-all interaction, is the first of a fascinating new class of solvable large N models. We generalize SYK to include f flavors of fermions, each occupying N{sub a} sites and appearing with a q{sub a} order in the interaction. Like SYK, this entire class of models generically has an infrared fixed point. We compute the infrared dimensions of the fermions, and the spectrum of singlet bilinear operators. We show that there is always a dimension-two operator in the spectrum, which implies that, like in SYK, there is breaking of conformal invariance and maximal chaos in the infrared four-point function of the generalized model. After a disorder average, the generalized model has a global O(N{sub 1})×O(N{sub 2})×…×O(N{sub f}) symmetry: a subgroup of the O(N) symmetry of SYK; thereby giving a richer spectrum. We also elucidate aspects of the large q limit and the OPE, and solve q=2 SYK at finite N.

  17. Yeşilırmak Nehir Teraslarında Toprakların Oluşumu ve Sınıflandırılması

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    Alper Durak

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada ana materyali alüviyaller olan, Yeşilırmak nehir terasları üzerinde oluşmuş topraklar incelenmiştir. Bu amaçla çalışma alanında 4 farklı profil açılmıştır. Açılan profillerden horizon esasına göre toplam 27 adet örnek alınmış ve laboratuvarda fiziksel ve kimyasal analizleri yapılmıştır. Tanımlanan profiller Toprak Taksonomisi’ne göre, Alt grup düzeyinde; Kum Ocağı ve Çakıl profilleri Typic Ustipsamments, Havaalanı profili Typic Haplustolls ve Mera profili ise Typic Argiustolls olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Toprakların pH değerleri 7,38-8,41 arasında değişmekte olup, topraklar hafif ve kuvvetli bazik reaksiyonlu olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Toprakların çoğunda, pH değerleri profil içinde düzensiz olarak dağılmıştır. Bir kısmında is pH değerlerinde derinliğe bağlı olarak artış görülmüştür. Çalışma alanı topraklarında kireç %0,8-25,4 arasında değişmiştir. Toprakların kireç içerikleri geniş sınırlar içinde değişmesine rağmen, büyük çoğunluğu fazla kireçli olarak sınıflandırılmıştır. Toprakların önemli bir kısmında, kireç profil içinde düzensiz olarak dağılmıştır. Topraklarda organik madde içeriği %0,14-6,11 arasındadır. Toprakların organik madde içerikleri geniş sınırlar içerisinde değişim göstermesine rağmen, büyük çoğunluğunun organik madde içeriği düşük düzeydedir. Organik madde içeriği sadece iki profilin yüzey horizonlarında %4’ün üzerindedir. Çalışma sonunda alüviyal ana materyal, tekstür, topoğrafya ve zamanın; tanımlanan toprakların oluşumunu farklı derecede etkilediği ortaya konmuştur.

  18. Ergenlik Dönemi Okuma Tutumu Ölçeği’nin Türkçe’ye Uyarlanması The Adaptasyon Of Survey Of Adolescent Reading Attitudes (Sara Into Turkish

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    Muhammet BAŞTUĞ

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to adapt the Survey of Adolescent Reading Attitudes SARA to Turkish, which was developed by McKenna, Conradi, Lawrance, Jang, and Meyer (2012, and to test it for validity and reliability. The rationale is that the scale involves one’s attitude towards digital reading. The sample was comprised of 702 sixth,seventh and eighth grade students in Konya- 343 of them being femaleand the remaining 359 being male. The original scale had 18 items infour sub-dimensions, namely academic reading in digital settings (AD,recreational reading in digital settings (RD, academic reading in printsettings (AP and recreational reading in print settings (RP. Theexploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis revealedthat the four original sub-dimensions were retained when two itemswere omitted. Cronbach’s alpha coefficients were 0.691, 0.802, 0.690,0.660 and 0.623 for the overall scale, RD, RP, AP and AD respectively.The results suggest that the adapted scale is reliable and valid. The 15-item finalized version is appropriate for the Turkish language and use inTurkey. In the development of reading environments and materials,identification of students’ attitudes toward reading in a multidimensionalway is expected to make great contributions to morequalified learning environments. Bu araştırmanın amacı, McKenna, Conradi, Lawrence, Jang ve Meyer (2012 tarafından geliştirilen Ergenlik Dönemi Okuma Tutumu Ölçeği’nin geçerlik ve güvenirliğinin yapılarak Türkçe’ye uyarlanmasıdır. Ölçeğin dijital okumaya karşı tutumu da kapsaması sebebiyle uyarlama çalışmasının uygun olacağı düşünülmüştür. Çalışma grubunu Konya ilinde yer alan ve 6,7 ve 8. Sınıflara devam eden 343’ü kız, 359’u erkek toplam 702 öğrenci oluşturmuştur. Ölçeğin orjinali 18 maddeden ve “Akademik Dijital, Serbest Dijital, Akademik Kağıt ve Serbest Kağıt” olmak üzere 4 alt boyuttan olu

  19. AHMEDİYE FLOATING ISLAND AHMEDİYE YÜZENADASI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pınar TAŞKIRAN (M.A.H.

    2006-09-01

    Full Text Available Floating islands arouse the attention of the scientists with their various featuers. Primarily, they can be distinguished from their environment with their rich flora and fauna. Since they generally emerge in the lakes as wetlands they always keep the eyes of the people on themselwes. These wetlands are also the most suitable places to observe the corruptions in the ecosystem both by natural and homone factors. Not only the optimum mixture of inorganic and organic minerals under the favorable climatic circumstances are taking places in these marshes, but also dense and rich wetland plants grow in these places due to phosphate that takes place in inorganic minerals and nitrate taken from the atmosphere. In our country, the number of the cities having floating islands is 8. but in various districts of our country there are anumber of marshes and wetlands in various sizes. So, since the researches expand, the number of floating islands wiil grow. An example to the recently discovered floating islands is Ahmediye Floating Island. Having been in the territory of Erzincan City. Ahmediye Floating Island have many different features. At the some time, it is biggest floating island known not only in our country but also in the world. Another interesting point related to this island is; although it is very close to the city centre of Erzincan, it has not been realized or discovered by the people. Even the the residents of the Ahmetli (Ahmediye village in which this floating island exists do not have any information about it. This acpects did not escape notice dwing our researches in the region. On the other hand, the villagers interfere the ecosystem of the lake in which the floating island takes place; by opening a canal on the South side of the lake in order to prevent the expansion of the lake when the water level rises. Oluşumları ve gelişimleri bakımından oldukça ilginç özelliklere sahip olan yüzenadalar, son yıllarda çeşitli bilim dallarının inceleme konusu olmuştur. Söz konusu oluşum, başta coğrafya olmak üzere biyoloji, jeoloji ve çevre bilimlerinin de inceleme alanına girmektedir. Ancak yüzenada terimi Coğrafya ilmi sayesinde literatüre girmişve adaların oluşumu, tanımı ve tanıtımı üzerine ilk çalışmalar yine coğrafyacılar tarafından yapılmıştır. Bu konuda Prof. Dr. İhsan BULUT’ un önemli çalışmalarıbulunmaktadır. Yüzenadalar çok çeşitli özellikleri ile bilim dünyasının dikkatini çekmektedir. Başta zengin flora ve faunasıyla içerisinde bulunduğu ortamdan belirgin bir şekilde ayrılmaktadır. Bu adalar, göl alanı içerisinde gelişmeleri dolayısıyla,insanların hep dikkatini çeken sulak alanlar durumundadır. Doğal ve beşerî faktörlerle ekosistemde meydana gelen bozulmaların en bariz olarak gözlenebildiği kesimler yine bu sulak alanlardır. İnorganik ve organik minerallerin uygun iklim koşulları altında optimum karışımı yine sulak alanlarda gerçekleşirken, inorganik minerallerde bulunan fosfat ve serbest atmosferden sağlanan nitratla gür ve türce zengin sulak alan bitkileri yetişmektedir. Yüzenadalar hemen her iklim kuşağında görülmesine rağmen yine de dünyamızın bu oluşumlar bakımından fakir olduğu söylenebilir. Ancak bu durum, şüphesiz bu alandaki çalışmaların yetersiz olmasının bir sonucudur. Kendine özgü doğal ortamıyla çevresinden ayrılan ve göl alanında yüzer halde her yöne kolayca hareket edebilen yüzenadalar, çevrelerinin adeta bir sembolü rolünü üstlenirken, bölge insanını kendisine çeken görsel doğal bir turistik cazibe merkezi olma özelliğini de taşırlar. Ülkemizde kayıtlara geçen yüzenada bulunan il sayısı 8’dir. Ancak ülkemizin farklı kesimlerinde büyüklü küçüklü çok sayıda sulak alan bulunmaktadır. Dolayısıyla da araştırmalar arttıkça farklı kesimlerde yüzenadalarla karşılaşılacaktır. İşte bilinenlere ilave edebileceğimiz bir örnek de Ahmediye Yüzenadası’dır. Erzincan ili sınırları içerisinde bulunan Ahmediye Yüzenadası çok farklı özelliklere sahiptir. Aynı zamanda ülkemizde ve dünyanın çeşitli kesimlerinde şimdiye kadar bilinen yüzenadalar içerisinde en büyük yüzenada olma özelliğini taşımaktadır. Bir başka dikkat çekici özelliği de Erzincan şehir merkezine çok yakın olmasına rağmen yöre halkı tarafından fark edilememiş oluşudur. Hatta sınırları içerisinde bulunduğu Ahmetli (Ahmediye köyü sakinlerinin dahi göldeki yüzenadadan haberdar olmayışıilgi çekici bir durumdur. Bu husus, yörede yaptığımız arazi çalışmaları esnasında dikkatlerden kaçmamıştır. Ancak köy halkı, göldeki su seviyesinin yüksek olduğu dönemlerde gölün alanının genişlemesini engellemek amacıyla, gölün güney kesimine bir ark açmak suretiyle suni bir gidegenle göl ekosistemine müdahale etmişlerdir. Bu çalışmamızla Ahmediye Yüzenadası çeşitli yönleriyle incelenmiş, adanın Erzincan ilinin tanıtımında yerini alması ve korunması gereken sulak alanlar içerisinde değerlendirilmesi amaçlanmıştır.

  20. Kelîle Ve Dimne Hikâyelerinin Yaratımı Ve Aktarımı: Pança Tantra’dan Hümâyûn-Nâme’ye

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tuncay BÜLBÜL

    2017-12-01

    ı Kelile ve Dimne hikâyeleri ismiyle anılmaya başlamıştır. Mukaffa’nın bu tercümesi Kelile ve Dimne hikâyelerinin dünya dillerine yayılmasında büyük rol oynamıştır. Kelile ve Dimne hikâyelerinin bir başka önemli tercümesi ise Hüseyin Vâiz-i Kâşifî’nin İbnü’l-Mukaffa’nın eserinden Farsçaya çevirdiği Envâr-ı Süheylî adlı eseridir. Bu eser, İbnü’l-Mukaffa’nın eserinden gerek kurgu ve gerekse hikâye sayısı bakımından büyük farklılıklar taşımaktadır. Türk edebiyatında ise Kelile ve Dimne hikâyeleri özellikle Doğu Türkçesiyle pek çok kez tercüme edilmiştir. Anadolu sahasında ise bilinen sadece iki tercümesi bulunmaktadır. Bunlardan birisi Kul Mes’ud tercümesi bir diğeri de Hüseyin Vâiz-i Kâşifî’nin Envâr-ı Süheylî adlı eserine dayanan Filibeli Alâaddîn Ali Çelebi’nin Hümâyûn-nâme adlı eseridir. Bu çalışmada, “sözlü kültür ortamı” kavramı etrafında ana hatlarıyla çizilen bir çerçeveden sonra Hint sözlü kültür ortamının bir ürünü olan Pança Tantra anlatmalarının tercüme marifetiyle dünyadaki farklı kültürlerde kat ettiği mesafe ortaya konmaya çalışılmıştır.

  1. Tarla Tarımı Yapılan Toprakların Meyve Yetiştiriciliğine Uygunluğunun Araştırılması: Yeşilsırt Köyü Örneği

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korkmaz BELLİTÜRK

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Yeşilsırt, Tekirdağ ilinin Muratlı ilçesine bağlı bir köydür. Ekonomisi tarım ve hayvancılığa dayanan köyde daha çok buğday ve ayçiçeği ekiminde kullanılan tarım arazilerinde meyvecilik, ilçe merkezinde olduğu gibi çok küçük bir paya sahiptir. İklim özellikleri bakımından meyve yetiştiriciliğine uygun olan ve sulama suyu sıkıntısı olmayan bu bölgenin buğday ve ayçiçeği ekimi yapılan tarım alanlarından alınan 26 adet toprak örneğinin fiziksel ve kimyasal özellikleri değerlendirilerek, bu toprakların meyveciliğe uygun olup olmadığı sorgulanmıştır. Analiz sonuçlarına göre, toprakların pH değerleri elma, armut, erik ve kiraz yetiştirilmesi için uygundur. Fosfor, demir ve bakır bakımından iyi durumda olan topraklarda azot eksikliği mevcuttur. Toprakların yarısından fazlasında potasyum, mangan ve çinko eksikliği olduğu tespit edilmiş olup organik içerikli gübrelerle eksiklik giderilebilir. Toprakların tüm fiziksel ve kimyasal özellikleri dikkate alındığında, Yeşilsırt köyü topraklarının elma, armut, erik ve kiraz yetiştiriciliğine uygun olduğu saptanmıştır

  2. ORTA VE DOĞU AVRUPA ÜLKELERİ AB’YE GİREREK ÜRETİM VE FİNANS KAPİTALİZMİNDE İLERLEME KAYDETTİLER Mİ? (WERE CENTRAL AND EASTERN EUROPEAN COUNTRIES ABLE TO MAKE PROGRESS BY BEING FULL MEMBERS OF THE EU?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bülent DOĞRU

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Orta ve Doğu Avrupa Ülkeleri (CEE Estonya, Slovakya, Slovenya, Letonya, Polonya, Litvanya, Çek Cumhuriyeti ve Macaristan Avrupa Birliği ile sürdürdükleri müzakere sürecini bitirerek, 1 Mayıs 2004 tarihinde toplu halde Birliğe tam üye oldular. Çoğunluğu eski Sosyalist Bloku üyeleri olan bu ülkeler, AB’ye girerek kapitalist piyasa nimetlerinden faydalanmaya çalıştılar. Bu çalışma, geçen yedi yıllık süreçte bu ülkelerin amaçlarına hangi ölçüde ulaştıklarını incelemektedir. Çalışmada kullanılan kapitalizmin temel göstergeleri Mehmet Altan’ın “Kapitalizm Bu Köye Uğramadı” çalışmasında geçen ve Türkiye için kabul ettiği makroekonomik değişkenlerdir. Bu değişkenler, özel sektör istihdam oranı, özel sektör üretiminin toplam üretim içindeki payı, ticaretin toplam hâsıla içindeki payı, yabancı banka sayısındaki artış, özel yatırımların toplam hâsıla içindeki payı, şehirleşme oranı, borsa kapitalizasyonudur. Özel sektör ve yabancı sermaye itişli bu makroekonomik değişkenlerin CEE ülkeler için 2004 sonrası dönemde pozitif yönde anlamlı bir farklılaşma gösterip göstermediği analiz edilmiştir. Elde edilen sonuçlara göre, AB’ye girmek bu ülkelere ticaretlerini arttırma imkânı tanımış ve ticaret kapitalizminde ciddi bir ilerleme kaydetmelerine sebep olmuştur. Ancak üretim kapitalizmi ve finans kapitalizmi alanlarında ilerlemenin olduğuna dair güçlü delil bulunamamıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kapitalizm, Bölgesel Ekonomik Topluluklar, Orta ve Doğu Avrupa Ülkeleri Ekonomileri. ABSTRACT: Central and Eastern European countries, Estonia, Slovakia, Slovenia, Latvia, Poland, Lithuania, the Czech Republic and Hungary, became full members of the European Union on 1 May 2004 after completing the process of accession negotiations. These countries, mostly past member of the Communist Bloc, tried to utilize the benefits of the

  3. Allah’ın Varlığını Aklen Bilmeye İlişkin Mâtürîdî'nin Gâye ve Nizam Delili / The Argument of “Hikmah and Tadbir” to Prove The Existence of God According to al-Maturidi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatma Aygün

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Öz Mâtürîdî İslâm düşünce tarihinde önemli bir yere sahip bulunan düşünürlerden biridir. Öyle ki Mâtürîdî (333/944 Ebû Hanîfe geleneğinin en güçlü simasıdır ve Ehl-i Sünnet kelâmının kuruluşunda en büyük paya sahiptir. Mâtürîdî'nin düşüncesinde "hikmet" ve "tedbîr" kavramları çok önemli bir yere sahiptir, o Allah'ın varlığını bilmek için hikmet ve tedbîr terimleriyle ilşkilendirdiği gâye ve nizam delilini kullanmıştır. Ayrıca o kötülük (şer olarak gördüğümüz şeyler dahil var olan tüm şeylerin "hikmet"in bir tezahürü olarak ortaya çıktığından bahsetmiştir. Mâtürîdî'nin düşünce sisteminde Allah'ın varlığı bilmek için kullanılan teleolojik delil ki doğadaki düzenlilik, güzellik ve tedbirin gözlemlerinden, analojik veya endüktif muhakemenin bazı türleri aracılığıyla ilerler, sonuç olarak bunlar bir tasarımcının (Allah işi olmalıdır. Bu Makalede gâye ve nizam delili ile ilgili Mâtürîdî'nin evrendeki düzeni ispat etmeye yönelik ortaya koymuş olduğu argümanlar ayrı başlıklar halinde ele alınmış ve tartışılmıştır. Anahtar Kelimeler: Kelâm, Mâtürîdî, Allah'ın Varlığının Delilleri, Hikmet, Tedbîr, Gâye ve Nizâm Delili (Teleolojik Delil. The Argument of “Hikmah and Tadbir” to Prove The Existence of God According to al-Maturidi Abstract Al-Maturidi is one of the foremost and most important thinkers in the history of Islamic thought. So that al-Maturidi (333/944 is the most powerful figure in Ebû Hanîfe School and has the biggest share in the establishment of Followers of Sunnah kalam. The "hikmah" (wisdom and "tadbir" (order concepts are very important terms in the thought of al-Maturidi. He used the argument of “aim and order" (teleological argument -that he links with the term hikmah and tadbir- to prove the existence of God. He also stated that all things, including even the bad things (malignity, come

  4. Bilimsel iletişimde yeşil ve altın yollarda yakınsama ve Türkiye'deki yansımaları = Convergence of the gold and green roads at scholarly communication and reflections on Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şengül, Gökhan

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Son yıllarda özellikle sosyal ağlarda bilgi dolaşımının artması, gelişmiş mobil iletişim cihazlarının yoğun kullanımı kısıtsız ve farklı ortamlarda bilgi erişim ve paylaşımını gerektirmektedir. Bu bağlamda bilimsel bulguların yer aldığı makalelerin geniş kitlelere ve diğer bilim insanlarının erişimine açılması; hem bilimsel eserin doğruluk ve güvenirliğini artırmaya yardımcı olmakta, hem de bilimsel verinin paylaşılmasını ve dolayısı ile de bilimsel gelişimi olumlu yönde etkilemektedir. Yaklaşık on yıldır bu amaca açık erişim insiyatifi katkı sağlamaktadır. Bu amaçla kendi kendine arşivleme (yeşil yol ve açık erişim dergisi (altın yol bilimsel çalışmaların bilim topluluğuna sunulmasında yeni yöntemler olarak takdim edilmiştir Bu çalışmada; uluslararası alanda yeşil ve altın yollar üzerinde ortaya konan kurallar irdelenmiş, yazar ve yayıncılarının oluşan iklime uyumluluğu sorgulanmış ve Türkiye adresli kurumsal arşiv ve dergilerin ortaya çıkan durum karşısında konumları üzerine bir değerlendirme yapılmıştır. Çalışma esnasında Ulrich Süreli Yayın Rehberi, Thomson Reuters (ISI Bilimsel Web (Web of Science - WoS ve Elsevier Scopus uluslararası ticari atıf veri tabanları, RoMEO, Juliet, ve ROARMAP telif politikası rehberleri, OpenDOAR, ROAR kurumsal arşiv rehberleri ve DOAJ açık erişim dergisi rehberi ile ULAKBİM ulusal veri tabanları incelenmiştir. / In parallel with the increase of information exchange rate in social networks and the usage of mobile communication devices in recent years, it is also required that the information needs to be shared and freely accessable in different enviroments. In this context freely access to the papers including scientific findings by other scientists and broad population will help to increase both the accuracy and reability of the papers. Besides it will also affect positively the

  5. Features of chemistry natural gold nanotubes (Primor’ye)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Molchanov, V. P.; Medvedev, E. I. [Far East Geological Institute, Far East Division, Russian Academy of Sciences, Vladivostok (Russian Federation)

    2011-07-01

    A unique association of native gold amalgam, cinnabar, native metals, cohenite and moissanite has been first found and described within Fadeevka ore placer knot. To study structure and composition of above listed phases a scanning electron microscope was used. Cinnabar and auramalgam are characterized by heterogeneous composition within one grain. A microporous structure is conditioned by fractality revealed in a number of mercury-bearing micro nuggets. Nonuniformity of composition, fractality of microstructure and presence of carbides in association with cinnabar are indicative of non equilibrium character of the association. Native metals are represented by spheroids of almost pure Fe and Cu and aggregated microflakes of Zn with carbonaceous nanospheroids on its surfaces. It was inferred that the association under study crystallized during the process of gas condensation of endogenous hydrogen- hydrocarbon fluids. Key words: Gold, mercury, nanotubes, nanospheroidy.

  6. All ye need to know? : aesthetics from a design perspective

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Akkermans, H.A.; Lammers, I.S.; Weggeman, M.C.D.P.

    2004-01-01

    In support of the notion that the aesthetic side of organisations is as yet underdeveloped in organisation theory, we develop in this paper a research agenda for studying the impact of aesthetics on organizations. We take a design perspective (Romme, 2003; Van Aken, 2004) and structure the field of

  7. A rapid and non-destructive method to assess leaf injury caused by the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar) (Acarina: Tetranychidae)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tomkiewicz, Jonna; Skovgård, Henrik; Nachman, Gösta

    1993-01-01

    . The difference in photosynthetically active area that arises between uninjured and injured plants over a period of time provides a measure of spider mite injury that can be related to growth and yield. The method integrates the injury inflicted over a period of time, allows successive observations of the same...

  8. Dependent of electrical resistivity of thin wire on magnetic field and temperature; Vabastegi-ye moghavemat-e elekteriki-ye simha-ye barik be meidan-e meghnatisi va dama

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Sadeghi, E [Yasouj University, Physics Department, Yasouj(Iran, Islamic Republic of); Zare, M [Shiraz Payam Noor University, shiraz(Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2006-04-01

    Variation of electrical resistivity of Bismuth nano wire versus magnetic field the and temperature are considered. We study the size effect and surface scattering of the carrier in thin wire for systems with ellipsoidal Fermi surfaces. Results are in good agreement with experimental points.

  9. Laser-induced damage study of polymer PMMA; Motale-e-ye padid-e-ye khesarat-e mavvad-e polimeri PMMA dar moghabel-e barik-e-ye laizer

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mansour, N

    2001-07-01

    This article presents the results of bulk laser-induced damage measurements in polymer PMMA at 532 nm and 1064 nm for nanosecond laser pulses. The damage thresholds were measured for focused spot sizes ranging over two orders of magnitude. In this work, self-focusing effects were verified to be absent by measurements of breakdown thresholds using both linearly and circularly polarized light. At both 1064 nm and 532 nm, the dependence of the breakdown field, E{sub B}, on the spot size, {omega}, was empirically determined to be E{sub B} = C/{radical}{omega}, where C depends on the wavelength. The extracted value for C({lambda}) at 1064 nm is larger by a factor of 5 than at 532 nm. Possible reasons for this strong dispersion and mechanism for laser-induced damage in polymer materials will be discussed.

  10. Fungi detoxification study from pistachio by non-ionizing irradiation; Barrasi-ye estefadeh az parto'ha-ye gheyr-e yonsaz dar gharchzoda-i-ye pesteh

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ghafourian, H; Sadighzadeh, A; Dabbagh, R

    1998-07-01

    4,6 and 10 minutes of microwaves exposure provides and effective and relatively rapid sterilization for different purposes in medicine and food industries for example sterilization of materials which have been contaminated with Aspergillus flavus (Pcc-5004) and Aspergillus parasiticus (Pcc-5018) which are producer of Aflatoxin especially on pistachios and other dried fruits. Microwaves exposure induces a morphological modification of the cells and germicidal effects of ultrasonic waves has been attributed to gaseous cavitation. There was a significant reduction in fungal growth compared with those under the control which decreased growth with increased microwave and ultrasound exposure time.

  11. İbn Kuteybe’ye Göre Şiirde Yetenek Sorunu

    OpenAIRE

    Öznurhan, Halim

    2005-01-01

    ‛Abdü’s-Selâm ‛Abdü’l-Hafîz ‛Abdü’l-‛Âl, Nakdü’ş-şi‛r beyne İbn Kuteybe ve İbn Tabâtabâ el-‛Alevî, Dâru’l-fikri’l-‛Arabî, Mısır, ts. , 166. ‛Abdü’l-‛Âl, aynı yer. İbn Kuteybe, 12, 13. Ebû ‛Usmân ‛Amr b. Bahr el-Câhiz, el-Beyân ve’t-tebyîn, nşr: ‛Abdü’s-Selâm M. Hârûn, Kahire, 1948, I, 208. İbn Kuteybe, 17. Krş: el-Câhiz, I, 207 ve II, 13. Krş: el-Câhiz, II, 13. Bkz: İbn Kuteybe, 476, 497, 501

  12. 'Ye Olde Hot Aire' : reporting on human contributions to climate change in the UK tabloid press

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Boykoff, Maxwell T; Mansfield, Maria

    2008-01-01

    This letter explores daily print media coverage of climate change in four United Kingdom (UK) tabloid newspapers: The Sun (and News of the World), Daily Mail (and Mail on Sunday), the Daily Express (and Sunday Express), and the Mirror (and Sunday Mirror). Through examinations of content in articles over the last seven years (2000-2006), triangulated with semi-structured interviews of journalists and editors, the study finds that UK tabloid coverage significantly diverged from the scientific consensus that humans contribute to climate change. Moreover, there was no consistent increase in the percentage of accurate coverage throughout the period of analysis and across all tabloid newspapers, and these findings are not consistent with recent trends documented in United States and UK 'prestige press' or broadsheet newspaper reporting. Findings from interviews indicate that inaccurate reporting may be linked to the lack of specialist journalists in the tabloid press. This study therefore contributes to wider discussions of socio-economic inequality, media and the environment. Looking to newspapers that are consumed by typically working class readership, this article contributes to ongoing investigations related to what media representations mean for ongoing science-policy interactions as well as potentialities for public engagement

  13. Hydrate Phase Assemblages in Blends of Ye'elimite and Gypsum with Alite and Belite

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pedersen, Malene Thostrup; Skibsted, Jørgen

    2016-01-01

    Calcium sulpho-aluminate (CSA) cements all contain ye’elimite, either as the main phase or in intermediate amounts, while they differ in their content of accessory phases. Belite is the main phase in most CSA cements, however, alite - CSA cements have been produced. The hydrate phases formed during...... and hydration kinetics. The improved understanding of the hydrate phase assemblages as well as the hydration kinetics for the model systems will form the fundamental basis for further optimizations of blended systems including ye’elimite with the aim of maximizing the reaction degree of the main clinker phases...... hydration of CSA cements depend on the type of CSA cement and the amount of gypsum added. The hydration reactions of the main phases are by themselves well documented, whereas the simultaneous hydration of CSA cement components is not fully understood in terms of hydration products and kinetics. To further...

  14. Dynamics of Pinus sylvestris L. needles activity in Predbaikal’ye forests

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    I.M. Romanova

    2013-11-01

    Full Text Available The study was aimed to analyse changes in peroxidase activity of common pine needles throughout the year. The needles of the 1-st, 2-nd and 3-d years were collected. Total activity of guaiacol-dependent peroxidase was determined. Minimum peroxidase activity is observed in January and February. In March intense overall activation of peroxidase is observed in the needles of all ages, which might be related to spring enhancement of physiological processes and activation of metabolism. Autumn period is characterized by more or less high activities of guaiacol peroxidase from September till November, which is related to its participation in stress-adaptation to low temperatures in winter. Peroxidase activity changes depending on the season of the year. Needles of different age are characterized by their own peroxidase activity level in various time periods.

  15. In Memory of Xia Ye%怀念夏野先生

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈应时

    2005-01-01

    夏野先生离开我们已经有十个年头了!回想起1995年12月26日那天早晨,夏楠在电话中哭着告诉我:“爸爸去世了。”我不敢相信这个噩耗会是真的,赶紧骑车到福园5号11室先生的住处,只见先生已经停止了呼吸,安祥地躺在床上。此时此刻的我,面对着先生已无话可说,惟有哭泣!

  16. A technical system to improve the operational monitoring of the Zaporozh'ye nuclear power plant

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beyer, M.; Carl, H.; Schumann, P.; Seidel, A.; Weiss, F.-P.; Zschau, J.; Nowak, K.

    1997-01-01

    As part of a programme of cooperation with Central and Eastern European states, a technical system has been established for the Zaporozhe nuclear power plant, which complements existing operational checking and monitoring facilities with modern means of information technology. It makes it possible to continuously monitor the state of the units in normal operation and in cases of anomalies or incidents. The parameters selected for monitoring are listed, and the system of automatic evaluation at the power plant site is described in detail. Test operation of the technical system started in late 1995 and the industrial testing phase in mid-1996. (A.K.)

  17. Bad Foundation and its Treatment of HeBei Coastal Highway | Ye ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    In recent years, with the accelerating urbanization process, the national road network continues to expand, a lot of highway construction projects are in the countryside. The geological properties of high level, long distance highway foundation are complicated. In order to guarantee the stability of highway embankment, we ...

  18. Anti-Inflammatory molecular mechanisms of Bo-Ye-Niu- Pi-Xiao ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Besides, it is well-known that the phosphorylation of I kappa B-alpha (IκBα) to phospho-IκBα (p-IκBα) is a decisive step in the nuclear factor kappa B (NF-κB) ... of iNOS and COX-2, phosphorylation of IκBα, and activation of NF-κB was executed by reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction and Western blotting. Results ...

  19. Ye Shakoch Chilot (the court of the sheikhs): A traditional institution ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Similarly, there are very few anthropological works examining the sacred institutions of conflict ... institutions in. Ethiopia play, the researcher's Ph.D. project deals with the topic by providing ... Governors of the area have tried to end the conflicts, but failed. Sheikh ..... Pankhurst and Getachew (2008:xviii) explain this custom ...

  20. Seek and Ye shall Find : How Search Requirements Affect Job Finding Rates of Older Workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hullegie, P.G.J.; van Ours, J.C.

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Unemployment insurance recipients in the Netherlands were for a long time exempted from the requirement to actively search for a job when they reached the age of 57.5. We study how this exemption affected the job finding rates of the recipients involved. We find evidence that the job

  1. Seek and ye shall find : How search requirements affect job finding rates of older workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hullegie, P.G.J.; van Ours, J.C.

    2014-01-01

    Unemployment insurance recipients in the Netherlands were for many years exempted from the requirement to actively search for a job after they reached the age of 57.5. We study how this exemption affected the job finding rates of the recipients involved. Our results indicate that the job finding

  2. Quantum criticality and duality in the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev/AdS2 chain

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jian, Shao-Kai; Xian, Zhuo-Yu; Yao, Hong

    2018-05-01

    We show that the quantum critical point (QCP) between a diffusive metal and ferromagnetic (or antiferromagnetic) phases in the SYK chain has a gravitational description corresponding to the double-trace deformation in an AdS2 chain. Specifically, by studying a double-trace deformation of a Z2 scalar in an AdS2 chain where the Z2 scalar is dual to the order parameter in the SYK chain, we find that the susceptibility and renormalization group equation describing the QCP in the SYK chain can be exactly reproduced in the holographic model. Our results suggest that the infrared geometry in the gravity theory dual to the diffusive metal of the SYK chain is also an AdS2 chain. We further show that the transition in SYK model captures universal information about double-trace deformation in generic black holes with near horizon AdS2 space-time.

  3. KİŞİYE ÖZEL DENTAL İMPLANT ABUTMENTLARI

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZTÜRK, Özgür

    2015-01-01

    ÖZETDişsiz alanların implant destekli protez ile restorasyonu günümüzde konvansiyonel protetik tedavilere karşı geçerli bir tedavi seçeneği haline gelmiştir. İmplant destekli restorasyonların başarısında implant ile restorasyon arasındaki bağlantı oldukça önemlidir. Diş çekim sonrası alveol kemiği ve yumuşak dokuda oluşan değişiklikler kişiden kişiye fark etmektedir. Bu nedenle her vakada prefabrike abutmentlar ile uygun bağlantı ve yumuşak doku konturu elde edilememektedir. Bu durumlarda kiş...

  4. Search engines: seek and ye shall find? The position of search engines in law

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van Eijk, N.

    2006-01-01

    In the electronic world, the ways of receiving and imparting information have changed beyond all recognition because of the ease in sharing information over the Internet. We can scarcely begin to conceive the gigantic amount of information put there at our disposal by private and public suppliers.

  5. The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Ye-Xing-Ba (Scrophularia dentata; Scrophulariaceae), an Alpine Tibetan Herb.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ni, Lianghong; Zhao, Zhili; Dorje, Gaawe; Ma, Mi

    2016-01-01

    Scrophularia dentata is an important Tibetan medicinal plant and traditionally used for the treatment of exanthema and fever in Traditional Tibetan Medicine (TTM). However, there is little sequence and genomic information available for S. dentata. In this paper, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of S. dentata and it is the first sequenced member of the Sect. Tomiophyllum within Scrophularia (Scrophulariaceae). The gene order and organization of the chloroplast genome of S. dentata are similar to other Lamiales chloroplast genomes. The plastome is 152,553 bp in length and includes a pair of inverted repeats (IRs) of 25,523 bp that separate a large single copy (LSC) region of 84,058 bp and a small single copy (SSC) region of 17,449 bp. It has 38.0% GC content and includes 114 unique genes, of which 80 are protein-coding, 30 are transfer RNA, and 4 are ribosomal RNA. Also, it contains 21 forward repeats, 19 palindrome repeats and 41 simple sequence repeats (SSRs). The repeats and SSRs within S. dentata were compared with those of S. takesimensis and present certain discrepancies. The chloroplast genome of S. dentata was compared with other five publicly available Lamiales genomes from different families. All the coding regions and non-coding regions (introns and intergenic spacers) within the six chloroplast genomes have been extracted and analysed. Furthermore, the genome divergent hotspot regions were identified. Our studies could provide basic data for the alpine medicinal species conservation and molecular phylogenetic researches of Scrophulariaceae and Lamiales.

  6. The Complete Chloroplast Genome of Ye-Xing-Ba (Scrophularia dentata; Scrophulariaceae, an Alpine Tibetan Herb.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianghong Ni

    Full Text Available Scrophularia dentata is an important Tibetan medicinal plant and traditionally used for the treatment of exanthema and fever in Traditional Tibetan Medicine (TTM. However, there is little sequence and genomic information available for S. dentata. In this paper, we report the complete chloroplast genome sequence of S. dentata and it is the first sequenced member of the Sect. Tomiophyllum within Scrophularia (Scrophulariaceae. The gene order and organization of the chloroplast genome of S. dentata are similar to other Lamiales chloroplast genomes. The plastome is 152,553 bp in length and includes a pair of inverted repeats (IRs of 25,523 bp that separate a large single copy (LSC region of 84,058 bp and a small single copy (SSC region of 17,449 bp. It has 38.0% GC content and includes 114 unique genes, of which 80 are protein-coding, 30 are transfer RNA, and 4 are ribosomal RNA. Also, it contains 21 forward repeats, 19 palindrome repeats and 41 simple sequence repeats (SSRs. The repeats and SSRs within S. dentata were compared with those of S. takesimensis and present certain discrepancies. The chloroplast genome of S. dentata was compared with other five publicly available Lamiales genomes from different families. All the coding regions and non-coding regions (introns and intergenic spacers within the six chloroplast genomes have been extracted and analysed. Furthermore, the genome divergent hotspot regions were identified. Our studies could provide basic data for the alpine medicinal species conservation and molecular phylogenetic researches of Scrophulariaceae and Lamiales.

  7. Acinobacter Baumannii’ye Bağlı Bir Menenjit Olgusu

    OpenAIRE

    SÜNBÜL, M.; EROĞLU, C.; AKÇAM, Z.; LEBLEBİCİOĞLU, H.

    2010-01-01

    A Case of Meningitis Associated with Acinetobacter BaumanniiAcinetobacter baumanni, which is known among one of the etiologic agents causing nosocomial respiratory system infections has been rarely reported as a cause of meningitis. A forty-three year old man was hospitalized after a blunt head trauma. On administration, it was noticed that he had epidural hematoma. In the postoperative fourth day, seeing the clinical picture was going worse, a lumbar puncture was performed. The culture cereb...

  8. Cleaving the Halqeh-ye-nur diamonds: a dynamic fracture analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Atkinson, Colin; Martineau, Philip M; Khan, Rizwan U A; Field, John E; Fisher, David; Davies, Nick M; Samartseva, Julia V; Putterman, Seth J; Hird, Jonathan R

    2015-03-28

    The degree of surface roughness and clarity with which a surface in a brittle material can be formed via fracture is known to be related to the speed of the propagating crack. Cracks traversing a brittle material at low speed produce very smooth surfaces, while those propagating faster create less reflective and rough surfaces (Buehler MJ, Gao H. 2006 Nature 439, 307-310 (doi:10.1038/nature04408)). The elastic wave speeds (c(l)≈18 000 m s(-1), c(s)≈11 750 m s(-1)) in diamond are fast (Willmott GR, Field JE. 2006 Phil. Mag. 86, 4305-4318 (doi:10.1080/14786430500482336)) and present a particular problem in creating smooth surfaces during the cleaving of diamond-a routine operation in the fashioning of diamonds for gemstone purposes--as the waves are reflected from the boundaries of the material and can add a tensile component to the propagating crack tip causing the well-known cleavage steps observed on diamond surfaces (Field JE. 1971 Contemp. Phys. 12, 1-31 (doi:10.1080/00107517108205103); Field JE. 1979 Properties of diamond, 1st edn, Academic Press; Wilks EM. 1958 Phil. Mag. 3, 1074-1080 (doi:10.1080/14786435808237036)). Here we report an analysis of two diamonds, having large dimensions and high aspect ratio, which from a gemological analysis are shown to have been cleaved from the same 200 carat specimen. A methodology for their manufacture is calculated by an analysis of a model problem. This takes into account the effect of multiple reflections from the sample boundaries. It is suggested that the lapidary had an intuitive guide to how to apply the cleavage force in order to control the crack speed. In particular, it is shown that it is likely that this technique caused the fracture to propagate at a lower speed. The sacrifice of a large diamond with the intention of creating thin plates, rather than a faceted gemstone, demonstrates how symbolism and beliefs associated with gemstones have changed over the centuries (Harlow GE. 1998 The nature of diamonds, Cambridge University Press). The scientific insights gained by studying these gemstones suggest a method of producing macroscale atomically flat and stress-free surfaces on other brittle materials.

  9. 1234-IJBCS-Article-Bouré Ouéye G +

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    KODJIO NORBERT

    Le riz est la céréale de base des populations des Régions administratives de la Tandjilé et du Mayo-. Kebbi Est, dans le sud du Tchad. Le rendement du riz est cependant relativement très bas (moins de 1 t/ha). Ceci est lié à plusieurs facteurs parmi lesquels la forte infestation des rizières par les riz adventices et la faible.

  10. KONYA ANA TAHLİYE KANALINDA KLORLU BİLEŞİKLERİN BELİRLENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehmet Emin AYDIN

    2000-03-01

    Full Text Available Konya ana tahliye kanalı Konya ovasının drenaj sularını toplayarak tuz gölüne boşaltmaktadır. Konya ovasında Konya şehri atık sularının tabi bir drenaj noktası bulunmaması sebebiyle kent atıksuları da bu kanala deşarj edilmektedir. Kanal güzergahı boyunca bu drenaj suları ve atık sular sulama suyu olarak kullanılmaktadır. Bazı klorlu organik bileşikler toksik ve kanserojen oldukları bilinen bileşiklerdir. Bu çalışmada Konya atıksularının deşarj edildiği ana tahliye kanalından alınan saatlik, günlük ve aylık numuneler gaz kromotoğraf (GC ile analiz edilerek klorlu organik bileşik içerikleri araştırılmıştır.

  11. ye movement parameters while reading show cognitive processes of structural analysis of written speech

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Latanov, Alexander V.

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper gives an overview of the published data on eye movement parameters while reading sentences in different languages with both local and global syntactic ambiguity. A locally ambiguous sentence contains a syntactically problematic phrase that leads to only one interpretation, while a globally ambiguous sentence has more than one distinct interpretation. In the first case the ambiguity persists only to the end of the sentence, when it is successfully resolved; in the second case the ambiguity is still present after reading the whole sentence. The obvious difficulty in analyzing the structure of locally and globally ambiguous sentences leads to increased reading time compared with unambiguous sentences. The syntactic ambiguity increases two major parameters: the fixation duration when reading words critical for interpreting the sentence, and the frequency of regressive saccades to reread those words. The reading time for critical words, disambiguating the local ambiguity, depends on the principle of early/late closure (i.e., high/low attachment: preferring a recurrent pattern to associate the critical word with a distant or closer word, respectively (as determined by its position in the sentence, and differs across languages. The first study of eye movement parameters in reading globally syntactic ambiguous sentences in the Russian language is reported in this paper. Our findings open up the prospects of quantitative studies of syntactic disambiguation in Slavonic and Romano-Germanic languages.

  12. Comfort Ye My People: Chaplains, Spiritual Care, and Operational Stress Injury

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-30

    post - traumatic stress disorder ( PTSD ), operational stress injury (OSI...combat operational stress injury and post - traumatic stress disorder yet, of necessity, their work is grounded in a medical model ill equipped to...into combat operational stress injury and post - traumatic stress disorder yet, of necessity’ their work is groWlded in. a medical model ill equipped

  13. Contribution of corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences Ye. A. Korovin to the science of international space law. Anniversary of corresponding member of the USSR Academy of Sciences, Professor Ye. A. Korovin

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhukov, G. P.

    1980-01-01

    The Soviet Union's participation in the solution of international legal problems as space flights became possible is reviewed with emphasis on the efforts of the most prominent Soviet international lawyer. Some of the professor's 230 writings are highlighted.

  14. Ion-acoustic solitons in a plasma with electron beam; Amvaj-e solitoni-ye yon-e soti-e dar hozur-e barik-e-ye kelasiki dar plasma

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Esfandyari, A R; Khorram, S

    2001-07-01

    Ion-acoustic solitons in a collisionless plasma consisting of warm ions, hot isothermal electrons and a electron beam are studied by using the reductive perturbation method. The basic set of fluid equations is reduced to Korteweg-de Vries and modified Korteweg-de Vries temperature and electron beam on ion acoustic equations. The effect of ion solitons are investigated.

  15. BOLOGNA SÜRECİNDE MALİYE BÖLÜMLERİ VE MALİYE EĞİTİMİ: ÖĞRENCİ GÖRÜŞLERİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hilal GÖRKEM

    2014-07-01

    Full Text Available This study seeks to reveal Bologna Process reform implementations, and the current situations of public finance departments in Turkish universities by addressing the views of public finance students. For this purpose, in the spring semester of the 2011-2012 academic year, a questionnaire was applied to 3rd and 4rd grade students of public finance. Data obtained are analysed using frequency distribution, mean values, chi-square independence test, Mann Whitney U test and KruskalWallis H test.

  16. ONE OF A NAMELESS HEROINE OF OUR POLITICAL HISTORY: UNIONIST MRS. SENİYE HANIM / SİYASAL TARİHİMİZİN İSİMSİZ KAHRAMANLARINDAN: İTTİHATÇI SENİYE HANIM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ass. Prof. Şefika KURNAZ

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Mrs. Seniye from Varna had established Woman Branch of Committee of Union and Progress (İttihat ve Terakki Cemiyeti in Selanik before the Declaration of the Second Constitutional Monarchy and fulfilled secret political activities as a vice president. She dashed her hopes in the period from constitutional monarchy to republic. Although she was the pioneering person in the Woman Movement, following year her name lapsed into obscurity. The narratives of Mrs. Seniye by Mrs. Emine Semiye, her close friend and by Mrs. Necla whom she met in Selanik and in İstanbul in different times helps us to familiarize her even nearly.

  17. KIRSAL TURİZM VE TÜRKİYE TURİZMİ İÇİN ÖNEMİ

    OpenAIRE

    Soykan, Füsun

    2015-01-01

    Rural tourism is both entagled with rural settlements and is based on natural resources. It has got a lot of positive effects. For this reason; its significance is much more appreciated as the alternative or completing factor of the existing tourism types in the courtries developed or developing in tourism. Rural tourism may also support Turkish tourism a great deal when its countless benefits are taken into consideration. Principally, it can affect to decrease the intensity of tourism in cer...

  18. “Abandon All Hope Ye Who Enter Here”: The Critique Of Consumer Society In American Psycho and Fight Club

    OpenAIRE

    Liktor, Coşkun

    2016-01-01

    This article explores the politics of two films, namely American Psycho (Mary Harron, 2000) and Fight Club (David Fincher, 1999), both of which portray a privileged, white collar protagonist suffering from a personality disorder that leads him to commit violent acts. Set in the late 20th century America characterized by rampant consumerism, stark materialism and fierce competition, both films suggest that it is the debilitating impact of the commodifed, commodity-driven consumer society that ...

  19. Innovative Education and Science in Information Technologies: Experience of M.Ye. Zhukovsky National Aerospace University «KhAI»

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kryvtsov, V.S.

    2015-05-01

    Full Text Available Information technologies are among the most promising and fastest growing sectors in the world and Ukrainian industry. In the paper the authors share the experience of National Aerospace University «KhAI» in personnel education and training for the IT industry and the results of successful cooperation with IT companies. Innovative education programs, scientific and practical researches in information technologies, which are implementing in KhAI are also discussed.

  20. A STUDY OF FACTORS AFFECTING THE ROOM PRICE PROPOSEDBYHOTELS TO INCOMING TRAVEL AGENCIES: FETHİYE SAMPLE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Emre ERGUN

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study wastoassessto understand the factors affecting theroom priceproposed by hotels to incoming travel agencies.The data wascollected from the managers hired in Fethiye hotelsusing questionnaire techniqueand analyzed using the statistical package programs.The degree of the factorsaffecting the room price such asthe positive relations between hotel managers andtravel agency managers,regularpayments to hotels, the location ofthe hotel andso on were determined.This study aimedtocontributethe travel agency managerson their strategiesneededin order toimprove screwing down onaccomodationcosts.

  1. Bir Yeşil İguana'da {İguana iguana) Saptanan Peritonitle Beraber Seyreden Oxyurid Enfestasyonu

    OpenAIRE

    KOENHEMSİ, Lora; ULUTAŞ ESATGİL, Meltem; BAYRAKAL, Alper; ERDOĞAN, Özge; GÖNÜL, Remzi

    2013-01-01

    ÖZETBu olgunun materyalini halsizlik ve iştahsızlık şikayeti ile kliniğimize getirilen 18 aylık bir iguana oluşturdu. Yapılan klinik muayene ve radyolojik incelemeler sonucunda toraks ve sölomda sıvı toplanması saptandı. Hastada yapılan aspirasyon biyopsisi sonucunda yapılan sitolojik incelemede peritonit olduğu tespit edildi. Diğer taraftan dışkısında mukus görülmesi şikayeti nedeniyle yapılan parazitolojik incelemede Pharyngodonidae ailesinden: Alaeuris sp. veya Ozolamius sp. cinslerinden h...

  2. Already ye are filled! The rhetorical-argumentative figure of irony in corpus paulinum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Moisés Olímpio Ferreira

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This paper aims to reflect on the enunciative power of the rhetorical figure of irony, which constitutes an indirect argumentative reasoning, but is no less persuasive. By stating the opposite of what someone really wants to enunciate, to highlight a different conclusion from those someone intended and its consequences, by pointing out the absurdity, the illogic, the opposition to accepted principles, irony establishes an at least partial distance between the speaker and the audience. Based on common knowledge about facts, rules or opinions, and even about the personal positions of the speaker, irony exposes the person to whom it is addressed to an argument having a strong impact. In this process logos reveals differences, levels of tensions among interlocutors and as a result it may strengthen the weak identities, reduce strong differences, or even establish a definitive estrangement. This analysis is based on the concepts of the New Rhetoric of Chaim Perelman, observing the persuasive role of this rhetorical figure in the maneuvers of influence of someone that enunciates. Considering that we studied texts written in the Greek language, the grammar of Prof. Henrique Murachco will be our theoretical apparatus for translations to Portuguese.

  3. ‘And gret wel Chaucer whan ye mete’ : Chaucer’s Earliest Readers, Addressees, and Audiences

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sobecki, Sebastian

    2017-01-01

    This article will attempt to take stock of what we know about Chaucer's earliest audiences, that is, about uses of and references to his work made during his lifetime. Relevant new research on manuscript use and ownership has been included in the case of Thomas Hoccleve and the scrivener Thomas

  4. Avast Ye Salty Dogs: Salt damage in the context of coastal residential construction and historical maritime timbers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grant T. Kirker; Samuel L. Zelinka; Leandro Passarini

    2016-01-01

    Salt damage is a frequent problem in wood exposed to seawater and other saline environments. Symptoms of salt damage are often referred to as fuzzy wood and have been historically considered non-structural damage, but a growing number of customer inquiries have prompted a re-evaluation of this phenomenon. This paper details several case studies involving salt damage,...

  5. OPAQUE MINERAL CONTENT OF DUTLUCA VOLCANICS (BURHANİYE - BALIKESİR: THE EFFECT OF HYDROTHERMAL ALTERATION ON THESE MINERALS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şükrü KOÇ

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Dutluca volcanics, which are known as Hallaçlar Formation in regional scale in the study area (Kurshens- ky, 1976, are composed of hydrothermally altered andesite and basaltic andesite. In these rocks, sulfidic minerals such as pyrite, enargite and chalcosine, and oxide and hydroxide minerals such as magnetite, hematite and goethite were detected as opaque minerals. The presence of enargite in opaque mineral para- genesis, and the changes observed in structures and textures of opaque and silicate minerals indicate that examined volcanics have been altered by highly sulfidic hydrothermal solutions. During the hydrothermal alteration process, which indicates at least in two phases, a diffuse pyritization rich in H S in reducing conditions and enargite mineral, which is known as pathfinder minerals in such processes, formed in the first phase. Later on; the extensive martitization developed in oxidizing conditions.

  6. RECRUITMENT AND SELECTION PROCESS OF HUMAN RESOURCES: A SAMPLE OF TRAVEL AGENCIES OPERATING IN FETHİYE

    OpenAIRE

    ERGÜN, Emre; GAVCAR, Erdoğan

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to understand the recruitment and selection process of travel agencies' employees operating in Fethiye. The data was collected from the department managers hired in travel agencies operating in Fethiye and analyzed using the statistical package programs.According to the results, the selection criteria were different between incoming agencies and the agencies that were not incoming. Besides, there was another difference on the agencies that have human resource...

  7. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARTLARINA GÖRE MADDİ DURAN VARLIKLARIN MUHASEBELEŞTİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    KAYA, Gamze Ayça

    2014-01-01

    Abstract Turkish Accounting Standard 16-Property, Plant and Equipment, explain recognition and measurement of property, plant and equipments. Property, plant and equipments is significant amounts of business's balance sheets. Therefore the accounting of property, plant and equipments is of great importance. The purpose of this study is to explain the standard of TAS 16 with examples. The elements of cost, cost method, revaluation method, depreciation methods (straight-line depreciation...

  8. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 55. September-October 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-01-01

    Boldeskul , I.Ye., and A.Ye. Boldeskul (0). Fluorescence and resonant R-amanspctra1 probes in studies on the dynamics of biological and micellar...AKAYEV A 45 BOLDESKUL I YE 72 AKHMANOV S A 87 PAPADZHAN YE 1 79 BOLGAROV L N 11 AKHMEDZHANOV I M 24 BABARSKOV YE V 84 BOL’SHOV L A 84 AKHSAKHALYAN A D

  9. EBÛ’L-MUÎN EN-NESEFÎ’YE GÖRE MAHİYET, ARTMA VE AZALMA YÖNÜYLE İMAN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Süleyman AKKUŞ

    2007-06-01

    Full Text Available Abu'l-Muîn an-Nasafi probably made the most important contributions to thetheolological system of Matürîdî school. For this reason he is called second person inMaturîdî Kalam School. In this paper, first, after giving brief discussion on faith in generalwe will focused on definition of faith according to him. Second, we will try toexplain his views about the definition and essence of faith whether it increases anddecreases. Finally, we will summarize and critizize his views on this subject.Key Words: Abu'l-Muîn an-Nasafi, faith, the essence of faith, increase of faith anddecrease of faith.

  10. Ebu’l-Feth ‘Abdilkerîm Eş-Şehristânî’ye Göre İnsan Ve Fiilleri

    OpenAIRE

    Doğan, Hüseyin

    2014-01-01

    According to The Abu al-Fath Abd al-Kerim as-Shahrastani and Human and His Actions Abu al-Fath Abd al-Kerim as-Shahrastani on Islam science and culture occupy an important place is the thinker with opinions and thoughts. Kalam (Theology), History of İslamic Sects and Religions or Tafsir (Interpretation) and Jurisprudence especially important works in the field of colocated Shahrastani belief in the tradition of Imam Abu al-Hasan al-Eş‘ari and this line has remained committed to perpetuating ...

  11. ÇİN’E AİT İMGE VE MOTİFLERİN ŞEHNÂME’YE GÖRE TAHLİLİ

    OpenAIRE

    KOÇ KONUKSEVER, SERPİL

    2016-01-01

    Firdevsî’nin kaleme aldığı “Şehnâme” İran’ın zengin ve köklü millî değerlerinin bir arada toplandığı destansı bir eserdir. Uzun asırlardan günümüze ulaşan bu eser, hâlâ değerini koruyan dünyanın seçkin epopeleri arasındadır. İranlıların uzun asırlar münasebet içerisinde oldukları Türk, Yunan, Arap ve Çin gibi milletlere ait izleri taşımaktadır. Yazımızda, Şehnâme’de yer alan Çin’e ait imge ve motiflerin tahliline yönelik kavramlar ele alınacaktır...

  12. "Freely Ye Have Received, Freely Give" (Matthew 10: 8)--How Giving Away Religious Digital Books Influences the Print Sales of Those Books

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hilton, John, III.

    2010-01-01

    Lack of access prevents many from benefiting from educational resources. Digital technologies now enable educational resources, such as books, to be openly available to those with access to the Internet. This study examined the financial viability of a religious publisher's putting free digital versions of eight of its books on the Internet. The…

  13. ELVİYE-İ SELASE/ÜÇ SANCAK (KARS, ARDAHAN VE BATUM)'DA ERMENİLERİN TÜRKLERE YAPTIKLARI MEZALİM

    OpenAIRE

    Dayı (Derinsu), Esin

    2010-01-01

    ÖZETRuslar, LDünya Savaşı'nda işgal ettikleri Anadolutopraklarından Erzincan Mütarekesi geregince geri çekilince;yerlerine işbirlikçi silahlı Ermeni çeteleri geçmiş, bu çeteler DoguAnadolu ve Elviye-i Sel4sç'de Türk katliamı .ve mezalimibaşlatmışlardı, .Bölgede Ermenilerin Türklere yaptıkları, insanlıgın asla kabuledemeyecegi vahşet ve katliama son vermek maksadıyla TürkOrdusu 12 Şubat 1915'de başlatlıgı ileri bir ha...

  14. ELVİYE-İ SELASE/ÜÇ SANCAK (KARS, ARDAHAN VE BATUM)'DA ERMENİLERİN TÜRKLERE YAPTIKLARI MEZALİM

    OpenAIRE

    Dayı (Derinsu), Esin

    2010-01-01

    ÖZETRuslar, LDünya Savaşı'nda işgal ettikleri Anadolutopraklarından Erzincan Mütarekesi geregince geri çekilince;yerlerine işbirlikçi silahlı Ermeni çeteleri geçmiş, bu çeteler DoguAnadolu ve Elviye-i Sel4sç'de Türk katliamı .ve mezalimibaşlatmışlardı, .Bölgede Ermenilerin Türklere yaptıkları, insanlıgın asla kabuledemeyecegi vahşet ve katliama son vermek maksadıyl...

  15. İLKÖĞRETİM ÖĞRETMEN ADAYLARININ TEKNOLOJİYE YÖNELİK TUTUMLARININ KÜMELEME ANALİZİ

    OpenAIRE

    ÇELİK, Halil Coşkun; KAHYAOĞLU, Mustafa

    2007-01-01

    Günümüzde teknolojiyi kullanmak bir ayrıcalık değil, zorunluluk olmuştur. Teknolojik gelişmeler eğitim kurumlarının yapı ve işlevlerini etkilemektedir. Bu nedenle öğretmenlerin de bilgi toplumu bireyleri yetiştirebilmeleri için derslerini teknoloji ile bütünleştirmeleri beklenmektedir. Bu çalışmada, öğretmen adaylarının teknolojiye yönelik tutumlarının kümelenme eğilimleri belirlenmeye çalışılmıştır. Araştırmaya Dicle Üniversitesi Siirt Eğitim Fakültesi İlköğretim Fen Bilgisi, Matematik ve Sı...

  16. İNOVASYON VE İNOVASYON GÖSTERGELERİ: AB ÜLKELERİ VE TÜRKİYE KARŞILAŞTIRMASI

    OpenAIRE

    ŞAHİNLİ, Mehmet Arif; KILINÇ, Efecan

    2013-01-01

    Literatürde inovasyonu ölçen ve ülkelerin inovasyon performanslarını ortaya koyan birçok gösterge bulunmaktadır. Bilgi yoğun sektörlerdeki istihdam, Toplam Faktör Verimliliği (TFV), AR&GE harcamaları, patent başvuru ve tescil sayıları, girişimci, araştırmacı ve teknisyen sayıları, ileri teknoloji ihracatı, royalti ve lisans ücretleri, endüstri katma değeri, inovasyon kapasitesi ile Bilgi ve İletişim Teknolojileri (BİT)’nin ihracatı bu göstergelerden bazılarıdır. İnovasyonun en önemli ...

  17. TÜRKİYE-ROMANYA İLİŞKİLERİ(1930-1938 THE RELATIONS OF TURKEY-ROMANIA(1930-1938

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selman YAŞAR

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Turkey-Romania relations have begun a few months before from declaration of Republic of Turkey. Turkey which has applied the principle “Peace at home, peace in the world” in foreign policiy, has solved own problems in the first years at foundation of state. In this period Turkey has taken part in international peace study, has signed peace agreements. She has attended in the friendly relations and hasmake an effort to solve the problems in the world. Romanya which hasown wide lands at the end of the World War I, has trailed an antirevizyonistpoliciy with the aim of protection of own lands. EitherTurkey’s trail this policiy has bring two state near of each other.Romania which has joint in Laussanne Conference has supportedTurkey at the matter of Capitulates. Embassies have opened in Ankaraand Bucharest correspondingly after the Laussanne Conference. Therelations between Turkey and Romania have developed direction ofdevelopments in Europe and The Pact of Balkan and two countriesrelations has continued in friendly between 1930-1938 years. Twocountries has signed treaty of friendship and trade between 1930-1938years and they have acted together opposite of developments in theworld. Two countries have also tried hard for protection of status quo inEurope and Balkans. The first treaty has been signed in 1929 betweenTurkey and Romania and collaborate has been done in political andeconomic field until 1938. The visits have been realized for this aimmutually. Friendship and trade treaties have been signed between twocountries. in the 17 October 1933, during the visit to Ankara Titulescuwho has the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Romania, has been signedfriendship, nonagression and arbitrator agreement with Turkey. Turkeyand Romania have taken part in the Pact of Balkan when established in9 February 1934. Romania has support to Turkey at the Treaty ofMontreux. Türkiye-Romanya ilişkileri Türkiye Cumhuriyeti’nin ilanından birkaç ay önce başlamıştır. Dış politikada “Yurtta sulh cihanda sulh” prensibini uygulayan Türkiye, devletin kurulduğu ilk yıllarda kendi problemlerini çözmeye çalışmıştır. Türkiye bu dönemde milletlerarası barış çalışmalarında yeralmış, çevresindeki ülkelerle barış antlaşmaları imzalamıştır. Komşularıyla dostça ilişkiler içinde bulunmuş ve dünyadaki problemlerin çözümü için çaba sarfetmiştir. I.Dünya Savaşı sonunda geniş topraklara sahip olan Romanya kendi topraklarını korumak amacıyla anti-revizyonist bir politika izlemiştir. Türkiye’nin de bu politikayı izlemesi iki ülkeyi birbirine yaklaştırmıştır.Lozan Konferansı’na katılan Romanya kapitülasyonlar konusunda Türkiye’yi desteklemiştir. Lozan Antlaşması’ndan sonra Ankara ve Bükreş’te karşılıklı elçilikler açılmıştır. İki ülke arasındaki ilişkiler Avrupa’daki gelişmeler ve Balkan Paktı doğrultusunda gelişmiştir ve iki ülke ilişkileri 1930-1938 yılları arasında dostça sürmüştür. 1930-1938 yılları arasında iki ülke dostluk ve ticaret antlaşmaları imzalamış ve dünyadaki gelişmeler karşısında beraber hareket etmişlerdir. İki ülke Balkanlar’da ve Avrupa’da statükonun korunması için gayret etmişlerdir. Türkiye ile Romanya arasında ilk anlaşma 1929’da yapılmıştır ve 1938’e kadar siyasi ve ekonomik alanda işbirliği yapılmıştır. Bu amaçla karşılıklı ziyaretler gerçekleştirilmiştir. İki ülke arasında dostluk ve ticaret antlaşmaları imzalanmıştır. Romanya Dışişleri Bakanı Titilescu’nun Ankara ziyareti esnasında 17 Ekim 1933’te Türkiye ile Dostluk, Saldırmazlık ve Hakem Antlaşması imzalanmıştır. Türkiye ve Romanya, 9 Şubat 1934’te kurulan Balkan Paktı’nda yer almışlardır. Romanya Montrö Antlaşması’nda Türkiye’yi desteklemiştir.

  18. 7. Arab Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Sana'a (YE). 4-8 Dec 2004, Vol. 3

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    The publication has been set up as a textbook for research dealing with the applications of nuclear techniques in agriculture, food processing, medicine and radiation protection. This proceeding is published in three parts

  19. 7. Arab Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Sana'a (YE). 4-8 Dec 2004, Vol. 2

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    The publication has been set up as a textbook for research dealing with the applications of nuclear techniques in agriculture. In addition it includes studies on nuclear and radiation chemistry, nuclear physics, and radiobiology. This proceeding is published in three parts

  20. 7. Arab Conference on the Peaceful Uses of Atomic Energy, Sana'a (YE). 4-8 Dec 2004, Vol.1

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2004-01-01

    The publication has been set up as a textbook for research dealing with the applications of nuclear techniques in hydrology, materials science, environmental studies, and nuclear reactors. This proceeding is published in three parts

  1. İbn Hazm'ın Gâliyye'ye (İtidal Çizgisini Aşanlara Eleştirisi Üzerine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Faruk Teber

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Ibn Hazm takes care of the social, geographical environments where the extremist groups (ghulât flourished. Thus, he discusses the places where the extremist groups appeared most extensively. Above all, he should have regarded the formation of the Islamic sects a sociological fact that he gives information, unlike other heresiographical works, about the regions where the sects considered outside Islam lived most intensively. According to Ibn Hazm, the groups deserving to be called ghulat had come out within Persian people, since the Shiism which gained prevalence primarily in Iran and Iraq as well as Southeast Asia developed within the Greek, Persian and Indian climate of culture. In this connection, the Ghaliya is divided into two. 'The first one comprised those who required the advent of another prophet after the Prophet Muhammad. The second group was consisting of those holding, aside from God, the divinity of another being. In İbn Hazm’s opinion, the latter joint with Jews and Christians and went down a beastly infidelity

  2. Selçuklu Dönemi Hanefî Alimlerin Mürcie’ye Bakışları

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this work, we have dealt with the views of Abu’l-Yusr al-Pazdavî, Abu’l-Muin an-Nasajï, Alâuddin as-Samarkandî, Alâeddin al-Usmandî and Nuraddm as-Sâbunî abaut the Murjia criticized by many Muslim scholars. They are famous Hanafite-Mâtundîte of scholars Xlth and XIIth ages. After a brief discussion of the Murjia, we shall deal with the views of Hanafite-Mâtundîte scholars abaut the Murjia. Finally, we shall present the reasons for the misunderstanding of Murjia and its solutions

  3. Faslün Fî Usûli'l-İmân Adlı Risale ve Maturidi'ye Aidiyeti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, a treatise “entitled “fasl fi usul al-iman” that shows some similarities to to the Maturidite views will be dealt with as to whether it belongs to al-Maturidi or not. Therefore, the views put forth in the treatise have been compared with that of Kitab al-Tawhid and Ta’wilat al-Qur’ân. As a result, it hasa been concluded that the terms used in the treatise such as al-irâda al-juz’iyya, al-irâda al-kulliyya and al-ba‘th ba‘d al-mawt have not been used by al-Maturidi in his works. Thus, it has been argued that the treatise in question was written by a Maturidite school long after the date of Maturidi. Besides, it has been emphasized that this treatise sets an example for the fact that the Asharite views had found their places in the Maturidite sources

  4. Ebû Mansûr el-Mâturîdî'nin Mürcie'ye Bakışı

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Abû Mansur al-Mâturîdî (333/944 is a famaus scholar. In this work, we have dealt with the view of Mâturîdî abaut the Murjia criticized by many Muslim scholars. After a brief discussion of the spread of the Murjia in Khorasan, we shall deal with the Mâturîdî’s views of Murjia. Later on, we shall analyse the Mâturîdî’s criticism and answers he gave them. Finally we shall present the reasons for the understanding of Murjia and its solutions

  5. Ebu'l-Müin en-Nesefi'ye Göre İman-Amel İlişkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet Ak

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available According to Abu'-Muin an-Nasafi Faith and Action Relation. In this work, we have dealt with the faith-act relationship in view of Abu’-Muin an-Nasafi, a prominent Hanafite scholor. Touching, first, upon understanding of faith in the light of rational and traditional evidences, we shall discuss his views that the faith and action are different from each other and that the faith nor increases neither decreases. Finally, we sahll present that Abu’l-Muin an-Nasafi attached much attention to both faith and act, although he sepeated the faith from act

  6. Feng xian tai du yu jiao yu he zhi ye xuan ze xing wei: yi ge shi yan fang fa de yan jiu an li

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ding, X.; Sun, Y.; Hartog, J.

    2009-01-01

    An experimental study on risk attitude and choice behavior of education and career This paper introduces a research on risk attitude and choice behavior of education and career. Using the experimental methods, this study focuses on testing the reliability and validity of risk attitude measurement.

  7. Konaklama İşletmelerinde Yeşil Pazarlama Uygulamaları: İbis Otel Örneği

    OpenAIRE

    ATAY,   Yrd.Doç.Dr.Lütfi; DİLEK, S.Emre

    2013-01-01

    Nowadays, companies realize that they can not sustain their companies life without having environmental sensitivity. So companies suppose to consider environment effects of their activities and add them to their strategic plans. That kind of environment activities and marketing strategy that to take note of environment implications are called ‘green marketing’. Many companies begin to be aware of green marketing perceived as environmentally-sensitive marketing by companies. In this study, rel...

  8. BİR YÖNETİM UYGULAMASININ TÜRKİYE BAĞLAMINDA YENİDEN İNŞASI: KURUMSAL YÖNETİM

    OpenAIRE

    KAROĞLU, Ertuğrul; ÇAPKULAÇ, Onur

    2016-01-01

    Araştırmanın amacı Türkiye’deki kurumsal yönetim uygulamalarının inşa edilmesinde kullanılan söylemi ortaya koymaktır. Bu amaç doğrultusunda TÜSİAD’ın (Türk Sanayicileri ve İşadamları Derneği) ve TKYD’nin (Türkiye Kurumsal Yönetim Derneği) 2002 ile 2015 yılları arasındaki kurumsal yönetim ile ilgili söylemleri Aristo’nun Ethos, Pathos ve Logos retorik stratejilerine göre analiz edilmiştir. TÜSİAD ve TKYD’nin kurumsal yönetimin inşası noktasındaki söylemlerinin analizi sonucunda elde edilmiş o...

  9. sleep disorders due to neuroinfections: clinical symptoms, neurochemistry and neurophysiology V.B. Voitenkov1, N.V. Skripchenko1, Y.E. Zueva 2

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V. B. Voitenkov

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available In our review we present data on sleep disturbances in neuroinfections (encephalitis and meningitis, their clinical signs, neurochemistry and neurophysiology. These signs include lethargy, narcolepsy, sleep apnoe, sleep structure disruptions and may appear in acute period and as a sequelae of the disease. Reticular formation involvement seems to be the main reason for such sleep disorders. GABA and orexin systems disruption may play the key role in them. Neurophysiology evaluation of such disorders includes polysomnography, EEG-monitoring, brainstem acoustic evoked potentials and H-reflex investigation. 

  10. Ulikhet som impuls for nye oppdagelser i dans: Å tøye både muskler og meninger gjennom mangfold i Danselaboratoriet

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tone Pernille Østern

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available I denne artikkelen har forfatterne fokus på hvordan ulikhet mellom mennesker kan fungere som en impuls som bidrar til meningsskaping, nye oppdagelser og transformasjon i improvisasjon i dans. Artikkelen tar utgangspunkt i Østerns avhandling ”Meaning-making in the Dance Laboratory. Exploring dance improvisation with differently bodied dancers” (2009. I artikkelen vever forfatterne sammen sine ulike stemmer. Tone Pernille Østerns perspektiv er som initiativtaker og tidligere koreograf-dansepedagog i Danselaboratoriet, mens Elen Øyens perspektiv er som danser i den samme gruppen. Øyen er danser og rullestolbruker. Hovedkonklusjonen i artikkelen er at gjennom å forstå ulikhet som en verdi og impuls til å møtes og skape i improvisasjon i dans, så kan deltakerne i gruppen gjennomgå kraftfulle transformative endringsprosesser når det gjelder synet på ”den andre”. Dette har en betydning som går langt ut over det konkrete, kunstneriske undervisningsrommet. ”Den andre” forstås i artikkelen som en konstruksjon som både muliggjør adskillelse og utestenging fra et fellesskap, men også som en mulighet til å forstå at ”den andre” ikke nødvendigvis er, eller skal være, som meg.

  11. Ask and Ye Shall Receive? Automated Text Mining of Michigan Capital Facility Finance Bond Election Proposals to Identify Which Topics Are Associated with Bond Passage and Voter Turnout

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bowers, Alex J.; Chen, Jingjing

    2015-01-01

    The purpose of this study is to bring together recent innovations in the research literature around school district capital facility finance, municipal bond elections, statistical models of conditional time-varying outcomes, and data mining algorithms for automated text mining of election ballot proposals to examine the factors that influence the…

  12. TÜRKİYE İÇİN BİR AİLE SİGORTASI MODEL ÖNERİSİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ferhat ŞENTÜRK

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Demographic transformation in conjunction with industrialization, especially has led to in the fall of fertility rates in developed countries and an increase in the share of total population of the elderly people. The impact of the aging population especially on social security expenditures is negative for a country’s economy. Various family benefits have done in order to encourage the employment of women have children and have a young population structure again. Not only because of changes in population structure but also for preventing child poverty in countries which have income distribution disorder, family benefits is implemented. Financing form of family benefits varies by country to country. Some countries financed by taxes, while some financed by premiums and state contribution. However some family benefits have been applied in Turkey but still not insurance branch existed formally yet. In this study, some benefits which have characteristic of family benefits have examined firstly, then proposed a family insurance model for Turkey. Proposed model contain 3 alternatives and premium rate has found for financing system in different alternatives. Outcomes of this study, it has been revealed that if combining all family benefits under a single roof and transferred resources to proposed model, comprehensive and more efficently system can exist.

  13. By their words ye shall know them: evidence of genetic selection against general intelligence and concurrent environmental enrichment in vocabulary usage since the mid 19th century

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Michael Anthony Woodley of Menie

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available It has been theorized that declines in g due to negative selection stemming from the inverse association between completed fertility and IQ, and the Flynn effect co-occur, with the effects of the latter being concentrated on less-heritable non-g sources of intelligence variance. Evidence for this comes from the observation that 19th Century populations were more intellectually productive, and also exhibited faster simple reaction times than modern ones, suggesting higher g. This co-occurrence model is tested via examination of historical changes in the utilization frequencies of words from the highly g-loaded WORDSUM test across 5.9 million texts spanning 1850 to 2005. Consistent with predictions, words with higher difficulties (δ parameters from Item Response Theory and stronger negative correlations between pass-rates and completed fertility presented a steeper decline in use over time, than less difficult and less negatively selected words, which increased in use over time, suggestive of a Flynn effect. These findings persisted when explicitly controlled for word age, literacy rates and temporal autocorrelation. These trends constitute compelling evidence that both producers and consumers of text have experienced declines in g since the mid-19th Century.

  14. Degargūnī-ye ejtem‘ī va fīlm-hā-ye sīnemā’ī dar Īrān : jāme‘e-šenāsī-ye fīlm-hā-ye ‘āmme-pasand-e īrānī (1309-1357) [Social Change and Iranian Motion Picture: Sociology of Popular Films (1920-1978)]. Tehrān, Entešārāt-e Far

    OpenAIRE

    Rafii Nejad, Poupak

    2008-01-01

    Le cinéma iranien (de ses débuts jusqu’avant la révolution) est l’objet d’étude de cet ouvrage, d’un point de vue sociologique. L’A. ne s’intéresse pas aux aspects esthétique, moral, éducatif ou artistique des films, mais à leur aspect représentatif. Il énonce ses sources théoriques (l’école de Francfort, L. Goldman, A. Asaberger, etc.) concernant d’une part l’analyse statique (structurelle) des thèmes traités par les films et leur interprétation et d’autre part une analyse dynamique des indi...

  15. Türkiye’de Kentten - Köye Göç Olgusu = The Phenomenon of the Urban - Rural Migration in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ertuğrul GÜREŞÇİ

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available In this study, causes and results of the urban-rural migration phenomena were evaluated. The relationship between urban-rural migration and rural-urban migration were determined taking them simultaneously. The significant result of study was that that the urban-rural migration stemmed from social changes taking part in Turkey.

  16. Türkiye’ye Gelen Yabancı Turistlerin Gelir Düzeyi Kümelerinin Yıllara Göre Değişimi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nurzen ÜZÜMCÜ

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada yabancı turistlerin milliyetlerinin gelir düzeyine göre 2007-2012 arasındaki her yıl için kümelemesi yapılmıştır. Burada amaç, “Yüksek”, “Orta” “Düşük” olarak etiketlenen gelir düzeyi kümelerinde yer alan ülkelerin yıllar içerisindeki değişimini gözlemlemektir. Bu çalışmanın, yıllar itibariyle gelir düzey grupları değişkenlik gösteren turistlerin geldiği ülkelerin tespit edilmesi, bu değişikliğinin sebeplerinin araştırılması ve gelir düzeyi grupları için ortak turizm stratejileri geliştirilmesi açısından yol gösterici olması amaçlanmaktadır. Veri seti TUIK’in web sitesinden elde edilmiştir. Kümeleme için Bulanık C-Ortalamalar kullanılmıştır. Yapılan analizler neticesinde, aynı ülkelerden gelen yabancı turistlerin gelir düzeylerinin yıllar itibari ile çok değişkenlik göstermediği, ancak genellikle “düşük” gelir gruplu turistlerin geldiği gözlenmiştir.

  17. TÜRKİYE'DE BİLGİSAYAR VE İNTERNET KULLANIMININ YAYGINLAŞTIRILMASINDA İNTERNET KAFELERİN ROLÜ

    OpenAIRE

    AKTAŞ, Celalettin

    2018-01-01

    Türkiye'de İnternet, kullanıma girdiği günden itibaren çok yaygınlaşmamıştır. Türk Toplumu içerisinde İnternet kullanımı, bilgisayar kullanımına bağlı olarak düşük oranlarda artış göstermiştir. Türkiye İstatistik Kurumu'nun (TÜİK) verilerine göre 2005 yılı Nisan-Haziran döneminde bilgisayar kullanım oranı yüzde 17,65 ve İnternet kullanım oranı yüzde 13,93 iken; 2004 yılının aynı döneminde bilgisayar kullanım oranı yüzde 16,80 ve İnternet kullanım oranı yüzde 13,25'dir. TÜİK...

  18. KALKINMA GELİR EŞİTSİZLİĞİ İLİŞKİSİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZTÜRK, Eray; OKTAR, Suat

    2018-01-01

    Ülkeler kalkındıkça yaratılan refahınnasıl paylaşılacağı da iktisadi bir sorun olarak gündeme gelmektedir. Bu makaleTürkiye için 1990 sonrası dönemde kalkınma ve gelir eşitsizliği ilişkisiniincelemektedir. Bugüne kadar yapılan çalışmalar kişi başına gelir ile gelireşitsizliğini ilişkilendirirken,bu makalede kişi başına gelir yerine Birleşmiş milletlerin kalkınma ölçütü olanİnsani Gelişmişlik Endeksi (HDI) kullanılmıştır. İnsani Gelişme Endeksibireylerin refahını ölçtüğü için kişi başına gelir...

  19. IX International Conference of Young Scientists «Musculoskeletal Diseases and Age» Is Devoted to the Memory of Professor Ye.P. Podrushniak

    OpenAIRE

    U.I. Pryimych

    2016-01-01

    The article is a review of the key highlights, which were in focus of the annual conference of young scientists «Musculoskeletal Diseases and Age». Short review of study results, which were provided by young scientists, who are interesting in problems of osteoporosis and musculoskeletal diseases, is presented.

  20. SEMANTIC CONTENT OF PRONOUNS IN TURKEY TURKISH TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİNDE ZAMİRLERİN ANLAM YÜKÜ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmet AKÇATAŞ

    2010-10-01

    Full Text Available The present study aims to examine the semantic content of pronouns in Turkey Turkish. The definition of the term “pronouns” was reconsidered in this sense, and it was revealed that a new classification should be made. Furthermore, the term “substitution” was re-examined, and it was concluded that “all words denote an aspect of pronouns since they correspond to concepts of the real world”. Bearing a paradigmatic structure, pronouns attain the real world knowledge by using other glossemes, thereby creating semantic content, which is named concretization. The meaning of a pronoun is determined by the context in the process of such concretion. The intention referred to in the text shapes the semantic content of pronouns. The distance between a pronoun and its target also plays a role in assuming a meaning. Demonstrative and interrogative pronouns summarizes the information in one or more sentences, thus enabling them to be used for different aims. The incorporation of such usage of pronouns in Turkey Turkish into curriculum will yield many benefits with respect to reading, comprehension, and education. Türkiye Türkçesinde zamirlerin anlam yükünün incelendiği bu çalışmada zamir teriminin tanımı yeniden ele alınmış ve buna göre bir sınıflama yapılmasının gerekliliği belirlenmiştir. Ayrıca “yerine geçme” tabiri yeniden ele alınarak, “gerçek dünyadaki kavramların karşılığı olduğu için bütün kelimelerin zamir yönü olduğu” sonucuna varılmıştır. Paradigmatik bir yapıya sahip olan zamirlerin, başka dilbirimlerini kullanarak gerçek dünya bilgisine ulaştıkları ve anlam yüklerini oluşturdukları belirlenmiştir. Buna da somutlaştırma denilmektedir. Zamirin anlamını, bu somutlaşma sırasında metnin bağlamı belirler. Metinde kastedilen niyet, zamirin anlam yükünü belirler. Gönderimle ise zamirlerin anlamları düzenlenir. Zamirin hedefiyle arasındaki mesafesi de onun anlamı yüklenmesinde etkilidir. Metin işaret zamirleri ve soru zamiri ise, bilgi kategorisinde bir veya birkaç cümledeki bilgileri özetler ve bunların değişik amaçlarla kullanılmasını sağlar. Türkçede zamir kullanımının bu özelliğinin kavratılmasının okuma, anlama ve eğitim yönünden birçok yararları vardır.

  1. TÜRKİYE ÖZEL VE KAMU SAĞLIK SİGORTACILIĞI PRİM/HASAR SAĞLIK HARCAMASI DEĞERLENDİRMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Güvenç KOÇKAYA

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Reforms under Health Transformation Program was commenced in 2002 by Ministry of Health in Turkey brings significant improvements. These changes targeted at improving access to health services(HS and quality of HS. Social Security Institution(SSI is only government payer covering of population. In addition to public health insurance(HI there are also private HI companies(PHIC covering 3% of population. Aim of analysis is to understand difference between premium/claims of HI system in Turkey. With this aim the official data of premiums and claims of PHIC for years 2009-2013 was obtained from Turkish PHIC Association together with same data of government HI for the same years was obtained from SSI. Descriptive analysis were conducted with premiums and claims data of government and private health insurers. Total collected preimum of PHIC were 2.3 billion TL and claims were 1.7 billion TL on the year 2013. Premiums and claims of PHIC per capita were 822 TL and 631TL in 2013, respectively. Difference of premium/claims of all PHC was equal to 638 million TL or 26%. Same year, premiums and claims of SSI for HI were 53 billion and 49.9 billion TL. Premiums and claims of SSI per capita were 691 TL and 650 TL in 2013, respectively. Difference of premiums/claims of SSI HI was 4.1 billion and 6%. SSI has become monopsonic payer in health system with HI premium collection from all citizens. SSI determines its revenues and costs as it also determines the premium levels and reimbursement price of HS. This shows the success of SSI`s management while covering the whole population for a very comprehensive health care package. However, the SSI`s per capita premium is lower and its claims is higher than private sector averages. Question marks that come upon the productivity issue imply that the situation should be examined thoroughly.

  2. TÜRKİYE’NİN AB’YE ÜYELİK SÜRECİNİN MALİ GÖSTERGELER AÇISINDAN AB’NİN YENİ ÜYE ÜLKELERİYLE KARŞILAŞTIRILMASI

    OpenAIRE

    YAVUZ, Hakan; YAVUZ, Sinem

    2015-01-01

    Türkiye’nin Avrupa Birliği (AB) ile ilişkisi uzun bir tarihsel geçmişe dayanmasına rağmen, halen nihai hedefine ulaşamamıştır. Ancak tam üyelik yolunda önemli adımların atıldığı söylenebilir. Söz konusu gelişmelere paralel olarak, Türkiye-AB ilişkilerine yönelik literatür de genişlemektedir. Literatürde bazı çalışmalar ilişkinin ekonomik, mali, bazı çalışmalar da siyasi, kültürel ve sosyal boyutunu ele almaktadır. Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’nin AB üyelik sürecinin mali göstergelere gösterdi...

  3. Hilbert space theory of classical electrodynamics

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Furthermore, following Bondar et al, {\\it Phys. Rev.} A 88, 052108 (2013), it is pointed out that quantum processes that preserve the positivity or nonpositivity of theWigner function can be implemented by classical optics. This may be useful in interpreting quantum information processing in terms of classical optics.

  4. Collaborative Research: Calibration for IMS Stations in Eastern Asia

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-07-01

    Atomnaya Energia , Vol.87, Issue 3, 1989 (in Russian). 142 BondAr, I. Combining 1-D models for regional calibration, in Proceedings of a Workshop on IMS...Zelentsov and V.N. Mikhailov, Characteristics of 96 underground nuclear explosions at the Semipalatinsk Test Site, Atomaya Energia , (in Russian), Vol. 67

  5. 2016 Quantum Science Gordon Research Conference

    Science.gov (United States)

    2018-01-10

    Poster Presenter Registered Barik , Sabyasachi IREAP Attendee Registered Beck, Mark Whitman College Poster Presenter Registered Béguin, Jean...Innsbruck Speaker Registered Bollinger, John J National Institute of Standards and Technology Speaker Registered Bondar, Denys I Princeton...Tatjana AFOSR Attendee Registered Dauphinais, Guillaume Université de Sherbrooke Poster Presenter Registered Davis, Emily J Stanford University

  6. KARDİYOVASKÜLER HASTALIKLARA İLİŞKİN TÜRKİYE TIBBI CİHAZ SEKTÖRÜ YOĞUNLAŞMA ANALİZİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Faruk KAHVECİOĞLU

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Dünya genelinde kardiyovasküler hastalıklara bağlı ölümler birinci sırada yer almaktadır, bu durum ilgili hastalıkların tanısı, izlenmesi ve tedavisi amacıyla kullanılan tıbbi cihazların önemini arttırmaktadır. Sağlık harcamaları açısından bakıldığında ise sektördeki teknoloji yoğun üretim artışı ile birlikte son yıllarda bu sektörün sağlık harcamaları içindeki payının artmakta olduğu görülmektedir Bu durum sağlık sektöründe en büyük aktör olan (Sunum ve Finansman kamu kesiminin piyasa üzerinde fiyat ve miktar gibi kısıtlamalar ile müdahalesi sonucunu doğurmaktadır. Çalışmamızda N-Firma Yoğunlaşma Oranı ve Herfindal-Hirschman Endeksi analizi yöntemi kullanılarak 2013-2014 yıllarında Türkiye Kardiyovasküler hastalıklara ilişkin tıbbi cihaz sektörünün yoğunlaşma analizi yapılmıştır. CR4 analizi sonucuna göre piyasanın oligopolistik bir yapı sergilediği ve sektöre yönelik pozitif liste uygulamalarının hayata geçirildiği yıllarda bu yapının güçlendiği gözlemlenmiştir. HHI yoğunlaşma analizine göre de 2013 yılında sektör az yoğun piyasa görünümüne sahipken, 2014 yılında ise piyasanın az yoğun yapısının çok yoğun olarak değiştiği görülmüştür.

  7. Werk.kleur.rijk: İş arayan göçmen - Flandre'ye yeni gelen Türkler için ücretsiz eğitim modülü

    OpenAIRE

    Gelan, Anouk; Huysmans, Marieke

    2015-01-01

    What does "culture" mean and how can it play a role at the workplace? Why do cultural prejudices of biases exist? How can others find a balance between two (or several) cultures? Can you avoid misunderstandings at the workplace? What do supervisors expect at the workplace? Do you want a better match between your qualifications and skills, and your job? How to deal with negative reactions and difficult situations at the workplace? culture; cultural differences; intercultur...

  8. İNANÇ TURİZMİNİN MEDENİYETLER ARASI İŞBİRLİĞİNE ETKİLERİ: TÜRKİYE ÖRNEĞİ

    OpenAIRE

    KAYNAK, İbrahim Hakkı

    2010-01-01

    Adına Küresel Medeniyet dediğimiz dünyada ülkelerin işbirliği iki temel paradigma üzerinden gerçekleşmektedir. Birincisi kültürel medeniyet işbirliği ve dayanışması, ikincisi ekonomik işbirliği.Soğuk savaş sonrası dünyada küresel politika, tarihte ilk kez çok kutuplu ve çok medeniyetli bir dünya meydana getirirken, milletler, kendilerini ecdatlarıyla, dinle, dille, tarihle, kültürel değerlerle ve kurumlarla tanımladılar. Kültürel değerler işbirliği, medeniyetler dünyasına yeniden bir canlılık...

  9. IN RUSSIA THE DICTIONARY COMPILED FROM PUBLIC DIALECT AND ITS CONTRUTION TO TURKOLOGY RUSYA’DA HALK AĞZINDAN DERLEME SÖZLÜĞÜ VE TÜRKOLOJİYE KATKISI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muvaffak DURANLI

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available The compilation studies carried out at the field occupy a significant place among the language studies as well as on-the-desk works. As in worldwide, Russian compilation studies were carried out in late 1800s sometimes by scientists and sometimes by amateurs by taking small scale regions as a basis. In these small scale compilation studies those words included in dialects spoken in the ragion and not used in the common Russian have drawn Russian scietific circles’ attention. Yet a compiled dictionary work at a scientific level was carried out in 1965. This compilation dictionary we will attempt to introduce is being taken as a primary source in the works by Russian scietists on topics such as dialect features. However, this compilation dictionary has also the quality to be taken as a source by Turkologs since it shows Turkisms prevalent in dialects and how they are used in Russian dialects by undergoing differentiation. Dil çalışmalarında masa başı incelemelerin yanı sıra sahada yapılan derleme çalışmaları da önemli bir yere sahiptir. Bütün dünyada olduğu gibi Rusya’da da derleme çalışmaları 1800’lü yılların sonunda küçük ölçekli bölgeler baz alınarak bazen amatörler bazen de bilim adamları tarafından gerçekleştirilmiştir. Bu küçük ölçekli derleme çalışmalarında bölgede konuşulan ağızlarda yer alan ve ortak Rusça’da kullanılmayan kelimeler Rus bilim çevreleri tarafından ilgiyle karşılanmıştır. Bilimsel düzeyde bir halk ağzından derleme sözlüğü çalışması ise ancak 1965 yılında hayata geçirilmiştir. Tanıtmaya çalışacağımız bu derleme sözlüğü, ağız özellikleri gibi konularda Rus bilim adamlarının çalışmalarında birincil bir kaynak olarak ele alınmaktadır. Fakat aynı zamanda bu derleme sözlüğü ağızlarda yaygın olan Türkizmler ve Türkizmlerin Rusça’nın ağızlarında nasıl değişime uğrayarak kullanıldığını göstermesi açısından da Türkologlar tarafından bir kaynak olarak ele alınabilecek niteliktedir.

  10. GENÇ İŞSİZLİĞİ SORUNUNUN ALMANYA VE TÜRKİYE MESLEKİ EĞİTİM SİSTEMİ ÇERÇEVESİNDE DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayşe AYDIN

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Unemployment, that is subject to many researches for many years, showed a great increase in global scale in recent years. In this process which there is an increase in unemployment rates and number of unemployed people, one other significant subject is that unemployment rate in youth between 15 to 24 years old reached higher rates than total unemployment rates. Like total unemployment, youth unemployment that can emerge depending on various reasons as functioning of economic structure and market structure, has specifical reasons and features. Germany, is most successful country in the EU as regards the solution of youth unemployment. The success of the Germany is due to effective implementation of vocational training programmes in the Labour Market. For this reason, while addressing the problem of youth unemployment in Turkey, Germany’s vocational education system (very successful in this regard is compared with Turkey.

  11. "Ye've Got to 'Ave Balls to Play This Game Sir!" Boys, Peers and Fears: The Negative Influence of School-Based "Cultural Accomplices" in Constructing Hegemonic Masculinities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Jeffrey

    2007-01-01

    The ongoing moral panic surrounding adolescent boys continues to cause concern, proving pivotal in popular discourses centring on the "problem of youth". Drawing on ethnographic data from a large co-educational secondary school, this paper illustrates how school outcomes are adversely affected by working class boys' investments in peer…

  12. TANIMLANMIŞ FAYDA PLANLARININ 1 NOLU TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARDI ÇERÇEVESİNDE MUHASEBELEŞTİRİLMESİ VE ORTAYA ÇIKARDIĞI İKTİSADİ SONUÇLAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mustafa OĞUZ

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available İşletmelerde çalışan kişiler işletmelere sunmuş oldukları hizmetler karşılığında gelecekte çeşitli faydalar sağlamayı beklemektedir. Çalışanların gelecekte sağlayacakları bu faydalara ilişkin olarak iş- letmelerin yükümlülükleri doğmaktadır. Çalışanlar tarafından işletmelere sunulan hizmetler nedeniyle veya iş ilişkisinin sona erdirilmesi dolayısıyla işletmeler tarafından sağlanan her türlü bedel çalışanlara sağlanan faydalar olarak tanımlanmaktadır. Çalışanlara sağlanan faydalara yönelik hesaplamalar ve bunların muhasebeleştirilmesi işletmeler açısından oldukça önem arz etmektedir Bu sebeple, çalışanlara sağlanan faydalar konusu ulusal ve uluslararası birçok muhasebe ve finansal raporlama standardında ele alınmaktadır. Bu konu, Türkiye’de TMS 19 Çalışanlara Sağlanan Faydalar Standardı’nda ele alınmaktadır. Bu çalışmada, TMS 19 kapsamındaki tanımlanmış fayda planlarının muhasebeleştirilmesi üzerinde durulmakta olup, söz konusu fayda planlarının muhasebeleştirilmesinde gerçeğe uygun değer esasının kullanılmasının ortaya çıkardığı iktisadi sonuçlar ele alınmaktadır.

  13. TÜRKİYE HAVAYOLU YOLCU TAŞIMACILIĞI SEKTÖRÜNDE HİZMET KALİTESİNİN KARŞILAŞTIRMALI ÖLÇÜMLENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oğuz YILDIZ

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Yeni müşteriler kazanmak ve mevcut müşterileri elde tutmak bir süredir hizmet işletmeleri için iki önemli konu olmuştur. Hizmetin her aşamasında fark yaratmak bu iki amacın başarılmasında anahtar bir etkendir. Hizmet sunumunun farklılaştırılması açısından hizmet kalitesi göz önüne alındığında, müşterilere sağlanan hizmetin kalitesini ölçmenin önemi ortaya çıkmaktadır. Hizmet işletmeleri için hizmet kalitesini ölçmek zor bir konudur çünkü hizmet soyuttur, değişkendir, dayanıksızdır ve son olarak hizmetin üretimi ve tüketimi aynı anda gerçekleşmektedir. Hizmet kalitesinin ölçümü işletmelere pazarlama faaliyetlerini nasıl yönetecekleri bilgisini sağlar. Bu nedenle bu ölçme işlemi doğru ölçeklerle yapılmalıdır. Bu çalışmada ilk olarak hizmet kalitesi yazınsalı incelenmiş daha sonra yüz yüze anket yöntemiyle araştırmaya temel teşkil edecek veriler toplanmıştır. Araştırmada son olarak, keşifsel faktör analizi yapılmış ve hizmet kalitesini ölçen iki model karşılaştırılmıştır. Araştırmadaki bulgular, ağırlıklı SERVPERF ölçeğinin algılanan hizmet kalitesini ağırlıklı SERVQUAL ölçeğinden daha fazla açıkladığını ortaya koymuştur.

  14. BANKACILIK SEKTÖRÜNDE TOPLAM HİZMET KALİTESİNİN SATINALMA GÜCÜ PARİTESİ VE TÜRKİYE ÜZERİNE BİR UYGULAMA: 1980-2002

    OpenAIRE

    ÇAKMAK, Erol; ÇINAR, Sema

    2004-01-01

    Purchasing Power Parity Theory as a theory of determining the exchange rate or a Iong-run balance relationship has a significant role not only-for developed but also for developing countries which apply freely floating exchange rate system especially after 1980's. in this study, in the light of theoretical framevvork and literatüre review, absolute and relative purchasing power parity are tested by unit root and co-integration tests for the Turkish economy. Findings have shovvn that rela...

  15. TÜRKİYE İÇİN İŞ-AİLE DENGESİ ÖLÇEĞİNİN ALT BOYUTLARI VE BELİRLEYİCİLERİ

    OpenAIRE

    GÜLER, Hüseyin; GÜLER, Ebru ÖZGÜR

    2015-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı İş-Aile Dengesi Ölçeğinin (Work-Family Balance Scale, WFBS)faktör yapısını ortaya çıkarmak ve bu ölçeğin Türkiye’deki geçerlilik ve güvenilirliğinibelirlemektir. Ölçek, istatistiki bölge kavramında kullanılmakta olan, 1. Düzeydeki 12İstatistiki Bölgede yaşayan 682 vatandaştan oluşan bir örneklem üzerinde uygulanmıştır.Orijinal halinde 26 ifade bulunan “İş-Aile Kısıtları” ve “İş-Aile Kazanımları” ölçeği, işailedengesini ölçmek amacıyla kullanılan uygun bir ölçektir. Daha ön...

  16. DOĞU KARADENİZ BÖLGESİ (KD TÜRKİYE VOLKANOJENİK MASİF SÜLFİD YATAKLARI CEVHER FASİYESLERİNE AİT BAZI ÖZGÜN BULGULAR

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.Kemal REVAN

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi volkanojenik masif sülfid (VMS yataklarının cevherleri yapı-doku, bileşen ve konum olarak incelendiğinde “cevher fasiyesleri” ve “cevherli sedimanter fasiyesler” olarak sınıflandırılabilir. Cevher fasiyesleri hidrotermal-metasomatik, deniz tabanı hidrotermal ve biyolojik fasiyeslerden oluşur. Hidrotermal-metasomatik fasiyesler deniz tabanının altındaki (sub-sea floor ornatma süreçlerini kapsar ve ağsal-saçınımlı, masif damar ve masif merceklerle temsil edilir. Deniz tabanının hemen altındaki volkano-sedimanter kayaçlar içerisinde oluşmuş kırık ve çatlaklar içerisinde sülfit minerallerinin yığışımı ile oluşur ve bazı yatakların önemli bileşenleridir. Deniz tabanı hidrotermal fasiyesler deniz tabanındaki sülfit yığışımlarıdır ve hidrotermal çıkış bacaları ile kırıntılı sülfit cevherlerle karakterizedir. Kırıntılı sülfit cevherler yakın (proximal ve uzak (distal fasiyeslerine ayrılır. Cevherli sedimanter fasiyesler, cevherli seviyenin hemen üzerinde oluşmuş fazla kalın olmayan yanal uzanımlı demirli çörtler (exhalite? ile ayırt edilir. Biyolojik fasiyesler ise deniz tabanı yığışımı için karakteristik olan çıkış kanalı (vent fosil faunası ile temsil edilir.Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi masif sülfid yataklarının cevherleri yapı-doku ve bileşenler açısından iyi korunmuş özelliklere sahiptir. Bu iyi korunmuş özelliklerden yola çıkarak bazı masif sülfid yatakların deniz tabanında (sea floor moloz/kütle akmaları şeklinde, bazı yatakların ise deniz tabanının hemen altındaki ornatma süreçleriyle oluştuğu söylenebilir. Cevherin kırıntılı (klastik doğası ve bazı sinsedimanter yapılar bu yatakların oldukça hareketli bir ortamda çökelmiş olduklarına işaret eder. Doğu Karadeniz Bölgesi VMS yataklarında gözlenen kırıntılı sülfit cevher, sülfit çıkış bacaları, demirli çörtler ve fosil fauna varlığı deniz tabanında çökelime işaret eden önemli verilerin başında gelir. Cevher fasiyeslerinin belirlenmesi VMS yataklarının bölgesel ve küresel ölçekte sınıflandırılması için belirleyici bir yöntemdir

  17. MİKRO VE MAKRO ETKİLERİ YÖNÜNDEN ELEKTRİKLİ OTOMOBİLLER (TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİ ÖRNEĞİ)

    OpenAIRE

    Ustabaş, Ayfer

    2015-01-01

    Automotive is considered to be one of the most important industries providing the economic growth. The development of this industry leads to the development of other sectors linked to automotive. History of electric cars based on the late 1800s, has lost its importance after the 1920s because of the spread of internal combustion engines that is one of the turning points in the automotive industry. On the other hand, in the 2000s, as a result of reduction of fossil fuel reserves and the destab...

  18. TÜKENMİŞLİK ÖLÇEĞİ KISA VERSİYONU’NUN TÜRKÇE’YE UYARLAMA, GEÇERLİK VE GÜVENİRLİK ÇALIŞMASI

    OpenAIRE

    TÜMKAYA, Doç. Dr. Songül; ÇAM, Yrd. Doç. Dr. Sabahattin; ÇAVUŞOĞLU, İlknur

    2013-01-01

    This study mainly aims at investigating reliability and validity of the Turkish adaptation of the Burnout Syndrome Inventory short version developed by Pines 2005 – on students in non thesis master’s program and people from different professions The participants of this study were senior student teachers from Çukurova University The Faculty of Education 233 students 137 females and 98 males participated in the study The data of this research were collected through the Burnout Syndro...

  19. ÖRGÜTSEL MUHALEFET ÖLÇEĞİNİN TÜRKÇE’ YE UYARLANMASI: GEÇERLİK VE GÜVENİRLİK ÇALIŞMASI

    OpenAIRE

    DAĞLI, Abidin

    2015-01-01

    Bu araştırmanın amacı, Kassing (2000) tarafından geliştirilen Örgütsel Muhalefet Ölçeği’nin (ÖMÖ) Türkiye koşullarında geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışmasını yapmaktır. Özgün ölçek İngilizce olup, iki faktörlü bir yapı altında toplam 18 maddeden oluşmaktadır. Uyarlama çalışması için öncelikle orijinal ölçeğin Türkçeye çevirisi yapılmış, daha sonra dil, içerik, ölçme ve değerlendirme alanlarındaki uzmanların görüşlerine sunulmuştur. Uzmanların önerileri doğrultusunda ölçek üzerinde bazı değişiklik...

  20. TÜRKİYE'NİN FARKLI BÖLGELERİNDE ÜRETİLEN DEĞİŞİK TİPTE UNLARIN MİNERAL MADDE MİKTARLARI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raci EKİNCİ

    2002-01-01

    Full Text Available Bu araştırmada Türkiye'nin 7 ayrı bölgesine ait 19 farklı ilde un üretimi yapan 30 fabrikadan sağlanan (30 adet Tip 1, 30 adet Tip 2 ve 26 adet Tip 3 toplam 86 un örneğinin kalsiyum, potasyum, magnezyum, demir, çinko, bakır ve mangan miktarları açısından incelenmiştir. Un tipleri açısından ortalama mineral maddelerden; potasyum, magnezyum, demir, mangan değerleri arasında önemli farklılıklar olduğu, diğer özelliklerdeki farklılıkların ise istatistiksel olarak önemli olmadığı tespit edilmiştir. Farklı fabrikalara ait unların mineral maddelerden; kalsiyum, potasyum, demir, çinko, bakır, mangan değerleri arasındaki farklılıklar istatistiksel olarak önemli bulunmuştur.

  1. ÜRKİYE'DE DİN PSİKOLOJİSİ ALANINDA YAPILAN LİSANSÜSTÜ TEZLER ÜZERİNE BİR İNCELEME

    OpenAIRE

    Sevinç, Kenan

    2014-01-01

    In this study, it is included an analysis of master's and doctoral theses, which made in the field of psychology of religion between 1963 and 2012 in Turkey. In addition, it is included a brief history of the psychology of religion in the academy in Turkey. The purpose of this study is creating a database of the PhD thesis on the psychology of religion, and to offer it to the researchers and graduate students. In addition, it is aimed to show the way for new studies, by the analyzes of the th...

  2. TÜRKİYE ÇİNGENELERİNİN POLİTİKLEŞMESİ VE ÖRGÜTLENME DENEYİMLERİ - THE POLITICIZATION OF THE GYPSIES IN TURKEY AND THEIR ORGANIZATION EXPERIMENTS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Başak AKGÜL

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Türkiye’de Avrupa Birliği’ne uyum sürecindegerçekleştirilen reformlarla birlikte, örgütlenme özgürlüğününyasal alanı genişlemiş ve farklı kimliklere yeni ifade alanlarıaçılmıştır. Gerek bu sürecin bir ürünü olarak gündeme gelenimkanlar, gerekse kentsel dönüşüm projeleriyle beraberÇingenelerin yaşam alanının daralması, Çingene kimliğietrafında şekillenen bir örgütlenmeyi teşvik etmiştir. Buçalışmada, Türkiye’de yerel dernekler üzerinden gerçekleşenÇingene örgütlenmesinin genel seyri incelenmektedir. Bubağlamda, Avrupa’daki Çingene örgütlerinin genel eğilimininÇingeneleri etnik bir grup olarak değerlendirmek yönündeolduğu ve bir azınlık kimliğine atıf yaptığı, Türkiye Çingeneörgütlerinin ise topluluğu “Türk ulusunun bir parçası” olaraktanımladığı ve bu çerçevede ulusal vatandaşlık haklarınıntalebi ekseninde şekillenen bir duruş ortaya koyduğu iddiaedilmektedir.Abstract:Due to the reforms which were implemented inTurkey during the integration period with the EuropeanUnion, the legal sphere of the freedom of association wasextended and the representation of various identities wereenabled. The organizations that are based on Gypsy identityare one of the results of this process. Furthermore, therestriction of the Gypsies’ living space as a consequence ofurban transformation projects was one of the dynamics thatfostered their organization. In this study, the general story ofthe Gypsy organization in Turkey which was performedthrough the local associations is scrutinized. In this regard, itis asserted that, the Gypsy organizations in Europe evaluatethe Gypsies as an ethnic group and refer to a minority identity;whereas the Gypsy organizations in Turkey consider thecommunity as “a constituent of Turkish nation” and take aposition which is shaped within the framework of nationalcitizenship rights.

  3. The application of photoacoustic technique in studying the laser-polymer interaction; Karbord-e ravesh-e fotoakostik dar motale-e-ye farayand-e bar hamkonesh-e laizer ba polimer'ha

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khosroshahi, M E; Dyer, P E; Srinivasan, R

    1977-07-01

    Since, the ablation of organic materials by photo decomposition process using UV lasers have many different applications in fields such as optoelectronics, microelectronics and surgery, therefore an special attention is given to it. The time resolved information together with available mathematical models can provide a better understanding about ablation. As the ablation of materials begin a few nanoseconds after arrival of photons, thus it would be useful if one can study the ablation process in a time scale shorter than the laser pulse duration. In this article, the possible application of PVDF piezoelectric transducer to study the photoacoustic reaction of polymers against excimer lasers is described. Time resolved signals in two areas will be useful I- The thermoelastic region below threshold which gives some information about optical characteristics of target and also thermal relaxation time of excited states, II- Ablation time scale above threshold which provide us information regarding the nature of ablation mechanism. The experiments have shown that PET and polyimide polymers began to ablate within (4-6)ns of ArF pulse width at a fluence higher than 100 mJcm{sup -2}. This produced a short acoustic pulse of 20 ns with a maximum pressureof 10{sup 7} pa (100 atm). Ablation of PMMA using the same laser began within 8 ns. These results show that the polymers with high absorption coefficients are photochemically decomposed and those with low absorption coefficients such as PET at 308 nm, the ablation is brought about by thermal effects.

  4. Türkiye'de İktisadi Planlama : DPT'ye İhtiyaç Var mı? = Economic Planning in Turkey : Is There a Need for the State Planning Organization?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alkan SOYAK

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available IMF-World Bank's economic policies have been more closely applied in many developing economies since 1980's. Particularly, the practics of liberalization and privatization have been insisted by those institutions to many countries in the globalization process. Therefore national development plannig has lost its place in the increasingly globalized world. Consequently, there have been vital reflections of their insistent economic policies on Turkey's development strategy and planning actions. The aim of this study is to examine some effects of neo-liberal economic policies on the national development planning and the State Planning Organization in Turkey.

  5. İHRACATA DAYALI-BÜYÜME HİPOTEZİNİN TÜRKİYE EKONOMİSİ VERİLERİ İLE ANALİZİ, 1960–2002

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    MUAMMER ŞİMŞEK

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Export-led growth hypothesis is an important subject of research in applied economics. This study investigates the causal relationship between export growth and output growth in the empirical framework of the Turkish Economy using cointegration procedure, eror correction model and Granger causalty techniques. A sensivity analysis based on impulse responses is applied to check the robustness of the results. The ampirical findings suggest a unidirectional causalty from output growth to export growth in the long-run. Consequently, the estimation procedure generates robust results, indicating that the ELGH isn’t valid in the case of Turkey.

  6. TEACHING TURKISH AS SPOKEN IN TURKEY TO TURKIC SPEAKERS - TÜRK DİLLİLERE TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ÖĞRETİMİ NASIL OLMALIDIR?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali TAŞTEKİN

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Attributing different titles to the activity of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers is related to the perspective of those who conduct this activity. If Turkish Language teaching centres are sub-units of Schools of Foreign Languages and Departments of Foreign Languages of our Universities or teachers have a foreign language background, then the title “Teaching Turkish as a Foreign Language” is adopted and claimed to be universal. In determining success at teaching and learning, the psychological perception of the educational activity and the associational power of the words used are far more important factors than the teacher, students, educational environment and educational tools. For this reason, avoiding the negative connotations of the adjective “foreign” in the activity of teaching foreigners Turkish as spoken in Turkey would be beneficial. In order for the activity of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers to be successful, it is crucial to dwell on the formal and contextual quality of the books written for this purpose. Almost none of the course books and supplementary books in the field of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers has taken Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers into consideration. The books written for the purpose of teaching Turkish to non-speakers should be examined thoroughly in terms of content and method and should be organized in accordance with the purpose and level of readiness of the target audience. Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers are still conducted at public and private primary and secondary schools and colleges as well as private courses by self-educated teachers who are trained within a master-apprentice relationship. Turkic populations who had long been parted by necessity have found the opportunity to reunite and turn towards common objectives after the dissolution of The Union of Soviet Socialist Republics. This recent state of affairs resulting from the use of various alphabets such as Arabic, Kirill, Latin by Turkic republics that declared independence and by autonomous and semi-autonomous Turkic communities or Turkic minorities living in various regions in the World have risen the need for a common communicative language and alphabet among the cognate people of those communities. For this reason, Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers have gained a particular significance today. Activities of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers is still handled within the scope of “Teaching Turkish to Foreigners” and people who have no background of Turkish language are given the same curriculum as Turkic speakers. This causes students who have zero Turkish language background and the ones who have the basic structural knowledge of the language at a native level to be given the same education in the same classroom environment and same tests. In these classrooms where the students’ levels of readiness vary dramatically, half of the students are unable to follow the lesson. While teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to the Turkic speakers, the equivalence level of the words in the dialect to be taught must be taken into consideration. You can teach someone who knows nothing about a subject better than the ones that have different or inaccurate knowledge of the subject. The same applies to teaching Turkish spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. In order to decide which of The Turkic dialects is to be the common communicative language, we must pay attention to factors such as the geographical size of the land that the dialect is spoken in, the domain, the level of appeal and the power of the dialect in visual and print media. As Turkish spoken in Turkey is number one in almost all of these factors, it should be the common communicative language among Turkic speakers. When taught consciously in a classroom environment, the similarities and associations between the dialects would help Turkic speakers to learn Turkish language more easily; but when neglected, the result would be the opposite. To form the first texts with the common words in Turkic dialects in the books to be written for Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers would facilitate language learning. There is a need for a systematic study in terms of every aspect such as the title, the common alphabet, the books and materials to be produced and teaching methods to be used in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers. The characteristics of Turkish dialect spoken in Turkey and other Turkic dialects are still not considered in the activities conducted on the subject; and the activity is considered as foreign language teaching instead of teaching another dialect of Turkish language. It is considered that Turkish as spoken in Turkey should be the common communicative language among the Turkish world and for this reason it is crucial to teach it to people who speak other dialects of Turkic languages. First of all, common and similar semantic, vocal and structural units in the dialects must be identified and texts and methods that emphasize these similarities must be determined. We can list the measures to be taken in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers as such: “1. In order to obtain efficiency in Turkish language teaching, it should be classified as native language teaching, teaching Turkish to bilinguals, teaching Turkish to foreigners and teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. 2. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers should be considered separately from general Turkish language teaching and methods specific to this field should be identified. 3. Instead of methods that have been used for years with no significant results, more authentic method such as creative writing should be used in teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers. 4. In line with the idea that teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers, as the first stage, a course titled “Teaching Turkish to Turkic Speakers” should be added to the curriculum as well as the course “Teaching Turkish to Foreigners” at Turkish Language Teaching departments. And as the second stage, candidates to teach Turkish to Turkic speakers should be taught with a separate curriculum and under the roof of a different department in order to specialize in the field. 5. Lastly, publications regarding how to teach Turkish to Turkic speakers should not be prepared at a desk, but right on the field, practically, seeing the realities of the region.” (Yılmaz 2015 Furthermore, the fact that “Forming a common communicative language is possible by means of a single language that can communicate between all Turkic communities,” (Ercilasun 1992: 358 (Alioğlu 2013 must never be disregarded. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey should be divided into two main sections as “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Native Turkic speakers” and “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Non-native Speakers” and teaching methods and educational tools should be determined accordingly. “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Native Turkic speakers” should also be classified into groups. For example, under the sub title of “Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers”, specific course books for “Azerbaijan Turks, Kirghiz Turks, Kazakh Turks, Uzbek Turks and Turkman Turks, etc.” should be prepared in order to teach them Turkish as spoken in Turkey. In addition, instead of grammar based methods, techniques that give grammatical knowledge subtly should be preferred in Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers. While teaching Turkish to adults that come from various parts of the world with various language knowledge and skills, we should benefit from the power of pictures and shapes which are considered the common language of humankind. The sentence, which is the basic component that states a meaningful idea, should be taken as basis while teaching the language; and for the ones who do not know the Turkish alphabet, firstly letters, which are the smallest units of written language, should be comprehended by means of alphabets with pictures. Instead of making students memorize words, the meanings and forms of the words should be presented within the sentences while tenses and personal pronouns and endings should be comprehended within the sentence. While teaching sentences; first, correct pronunciation of the sentence, the meaning and correct articulation (first oral and then written of the sentence, and then how to analyse the sentence structure and produce similar sentences should be taught; stress, intonation and spelling rules should be comprehended by means of sentences. Teaching Turkish as spoken in Turkey to Turkic speakers and Teaching Turkish to foreigners are still considered the same. A state policy has to be formed on this matter; the scope, content and teaching method of teaching Turkish to non-native speakers must be evaluated based on scientific criteria and measures must be taken in terms of professional Turkish language teaching. In a word, new measures must be taken and scientific studies must be conducted for the activity of Teaching Turkish as Spoken in Turkey to Turkic Speakers in terms of fields varying from raising course teachers, producing course books, determining the method and location of the class to the production and selection of educational tools.

  7. TÜRKİYE MUHASEBE STANDARDI - 8 VE TEKDÜZEN HESAP PLANI ÇERÇEVESİNDE, FRANCHISING İŞLEMLERİNİN MUHASEBELEŞTİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Özulucan, Abitter

    2010-01-01

    Özet: Franchising, mal ve hizmetlerin tüketicilere etkin bir şekildeaktarılmasını sağlayabilmek için uygulanan, bir pazarlama sistemidir. Busistemde en az iki taraf bulunmaktadır. Bunlardan birincisi, diğer işletmelereimtiyaz hakkı veren (ranchisor'dır. Diğeri ise, mümkün olduğu kadar dahafazla pazar payını elde etmeye çalışan franchisee'dir.Bu çalışmada, öncelikle franchising kavramı detaylı olarak a&...

  8. The potential role of B-function gene involved in floral development ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Camellia changii Ye, a rare and endangered species, has a phenotype that sepals frequently transform into petals. We assumed that this change would cause single C. changii Ye turned double flowers and this was confirmed by the double flowers we found in grafted C. changii Ye. The microstructure of floral organs ...

  9. Too early to dismiss Yersinia enterocolitica infection in the aetiology of Graves' disease

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Brix, Thomas H; Hansen, Pia S; Hegedüs, Laszlo

    2008-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) infection has long been implicated in the pathogenesis of Graves' disease (GD). The association between YE and GD could, however, also be due to common genetic or environmental factors affecting the development of both YE infection and GD. This potential...

  10. 11

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    a routine working week. Special ... day of the working week and retested after finishing work on ... 4. 3. Med. 11,8. 12. -ye. 0. 5. 5. Med. 27,3. 107. -ye. 2. 6. 6. Med. 17,1. 80. -Ye. 0. 7. 3 .... present hours after first exposure (e.g. at night), it is also.

  11. Symptoms and sources of Yersinia enterocolitica-infection: a case-control study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siitonen Anja

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Yersinia enterocolitica (YE is the causative agent of yersiniosis. YE encompass strains of diverse pathogenicity: YE biotypes 1B and 2-5 are considered pathogenic, whereas biotype 1A is in general considered nonvirulent. Also YE-like species, which can sometimes be misidentified as YE, are considered nonvirulent. Methods In order to study differences in clinical picture caused by different YE types and their possible sources a case-control study was conducted in 2006. In this case-control study, 295 case-patients with YE or YE-like finding and their 758 controls responded to the questionnaire about symptoms and possible sources of infection. Results Strains of pathogenic YE bio/serotypes 3-4/O:3 or 2/O:9 were found in 18%, YE biotype 1A in 65% and YE -like strains of 17% of the patients. Patients infected with the strains of pathogenic YE bio/serotypes were younger and had fever more often than those with BT 1A who suffered more from vomiting. Symptoms of reactive arthritis were reported by 10% of pathogenic YE infections, 3% of YE BT 1A, and 0.3% of the controls. Eating or tasting raw or medium done pork was a significant risk factor for pathogenic YE bio/serotype infection (OR 6.6; 95% CI 1.7-24.9 as well as eating in a canteen (OR 3.5; 95% CI 1.6-7.9. Imported fruits and berries were associated with increased risk of YE BT 1A finding. Conclusions The symptoms of the patients with YE BT 1A differed from yersiniosis caused by the classic pathogenic YE bio/serotypes. In addition, the patients with YE BT 1A had more protracted gastrointestinal disorders and unspecific complaints. Small children were overrepresented in classic pathogenic bio/serotypes while in BT 1A or YE-like species were not found among children younger than two years. This suggests the lacking virulence of the BT 1A strains. We can not, however, rule out the possibility that some strains of genetically heterogeneous group of BT 1A may cause an illness.

  12. Multilocular Hepatic Abscess Formation and Sepsis due to Yersinia enterocolitica in a Patient with Hereditary Hemochromatosis and Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Matthias Sauter

    2017-11-01

    Full Text Available Infection with Yersinia enterocolitica (YE typically presents with mild gastroenteritis without systemic infection. However, systemic YE infection has been described in states of iron overload. We present the case of a patient with sepsis with hepatic abscesses due to YE infection. Workup revealed a past diagnosis of diabetes mellitus and hemochromatosis which had been untreated for the previous 5 years due to patient refusal. This case highlights risk factors for systemic infection with YE. A high degree of suspicion for YE infection is warranted in patients with iron overload, diabetes mellitus, or immunosuppression.

  13. Mononuclear phagocytes contribute to intestinal invasion and dissemination of Yersinia enterocolitica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Drechsler-Hake, Doreen; Alamir, Hanin; Hahn, Julia; Günter, Manina; Wagner, Samuel; Schütz, Monika; Bohn, Erwin; Schenke-Layland, Katja; Pisano, Fabio; Dersch, Petra; Autenrieth, Ingo B; Autenrieth, Stella E

    2016-09-01

    Enteropathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye) enters the host via contaminated food. After colonisation of the small intestine Ye invades the Peyer's patches (PPs) via M cells and disseminates to the mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs), spleen and liver. Whether Ye uses other invasion routes and which pathogenicity factors are required remains elusive. Oral infection of lymphotoxin-β-receptor deficient mice lacking PPs and MLNs with Ye revealed similar bacterial load in the spleen 1h post infection as wild-type mice, demonstrating a PP-independent dissemination route for Ye. Immunohistological analysis of the small intestine revealed Ye in close contact with mononuclear phagocytes (MPs), specifically CX3CR1(+) monocyte-derived cells (MCs) as well as CD103(+) dendritic cells (DCs). This finding was confirmed by flow cytometry and imaging flow cytometry analysis of lamina propria (LP) leukocytes showing CD103(+) DCs and MCs with intracellular Ye. Uptake of Ye by LP CD103(+) DCs and MCs was dependent on the pathogenicity factor invasin, whereas the adhesin YadA was dispensable as demonstrated by Ye deletion mutants. Furthermore, Ye were found exclusively associated with CD103(+) DCs in the MLNs from wild-type mice, but not from CCR7(-/-) mice, demonstrating a CCR7 dependent transport of Ye by CD103(+) DCs from LP to the MLNs. In contrast, dissemination of Ye to the spleen was dependent on MCs as significantly less Ye could be recovered from the spleen of CX3CR1(GFP/GFP) mice compared to wild-type mice. Altogether, MCs and CD103(+) DCs contribute to immediate invasion and dissemination of Ye. This together with data from other bacteria suggests MPs as general pathogenic entry site in the intestine. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  14. Reaalsust taltsutades / Jean-Louis Poitevin ; tõlk. Mailis Seero

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Poitevin, Jean-Louis

    2008-01-01

    Läti, leedu ja eesti kunstnike ühisnäitus Pariisi Cite Internationale des Arts'is kuni 26. X. Kuraatorid: Aili Vahtrapuu, Liena Bondare, Birute Pankunaite. Miks Mitrevicsi, Inta Brunina, Laura Garbshtiene, Reiu Tüüri, Anu Kalmu, Peeter Alliku, Urmas Viigi, Anu Põdra, Jüri Ojaveri, Jaanus Samma, Ene-Liis Semperi, Mari-Liis Tammi, Angelika Schneideri ja Virge Jõekalda töödest

  15. Effects of Simulated Pathophysiology on the Performance of a Decision Support Medical Monitoring System for Early Detection of Hemodynamic Decompensation in Humans

    Science.gov (United States)

    2017-02-01

    Physiol 97: 1272-1280, 2012. 554 44. Serrador JM, Picot PA, Rutt BK, Shoemaker JK, and Bondar RL. MRI measures of middle 555 cerebral artery diameter in...artery diameter during hypocapnia and 567 hypercapnia in humans using ultra high-field MRI . J Appl Physiol 117: 1084-1089, 2014. PMID: 25190741. 568...in chronically instrumented rats. Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology 21: 829-833, 1993. 26. Leonetti P, Audat F, Girard A, Laude D, Lefrère F

  16. Role of β1 integrins and bacterial adhesins for Yop injection into leukocytes in Yersinia enterocolitica systemic mouse infection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Deuschle, Eva; Keller, Birgit; Siegfried, Alexandra; Manncke, Birgit; Spaeth, Tanja; Köberle, Martin; Drechsler-Hake, Doreen; Reber, Julia; Böttcher, Ralph T; Autenrieth, Stella E; Autenrieth, Ingo B; Bohn, Erwin; Schütz, Monika

    2016-02-01

    Injection of Yersinia outer proteins (Yops) into host cells by a type III secretion system is an important immune evasion mechanism of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye). In this process Ye invasin (Inv) binds directly while Yersinia adhesin A (YadA) binds indirectly via extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins to β1 integrins on host cells. Although leukocytes turned out to be an important target of Yop injection by Ye, it was unclear which Ye adhesins and which leukocyte receptors are required for Yop injection. To explain this, we investigated the role of YadA, Inv and β1 integrins for Yop injection into leukocytes and their impact on the course of systemic Ye infection in mice. Ex vivo infection experiments revealed that adhesion of Ye via Inv or YadA is sufficient to promote Yop injection into leukocytes as revealed by a β-lactamase reporter assay. Serum factors inhibit YadA- but not Inv-mediated Yop injection into B and T cells, shifting YadA-mediated Yop injection in the direction of neutrophils and other myeloid cells. Systemic Ye mouse infection experiments demonstrated that YadA is essential for Ye virulence and Yop injection into leukocytes, while Inv is dispensable for virulence and plays only a transient and minor role for Yop injection in the early phase of infection. Ye infection of mice with β1 integrin-depleted leukocytes demonstrated that β1 integrins are dispensable for YadA-mediated Yop injection into leukocytes, but contribute to Inv-mediated Yop injection. Despite reduced Yop injection into leukocytes, β1 integrin-deficient mice exhibited an increased susceptibility for Ye infection, suggesting an important role of β1 integrins in immune defense against Ye. This study demonstrates that Yop injection into leukocytes by Ye is largely mediated by YadA exploiting, as yet unknown, leukocyte receptors. Copyright © 2015. Published by Elsevier GmbH.

  17. Stemcell Information: SKIP000588 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Lei Ye Lei Ye Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of M...innesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Departmen...t of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology...ol, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Univer

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000584 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Lei Ye Lei Ye Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University o...f Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Depart...ment of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology...chool, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Uni

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000586 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Lei Ye Lei Ye Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Mi...nnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Department... of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology...l, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, Univers

  20. RELATIONSHIPS BETWEEN GENETIC POLYMORPHISM AND DRUG: FORENSIC PHARMACOGENETIC

    OpenAIRE

    Çevik, Filiz Ekim; Balcıoğlu, Yasin Hasan; Karadayı, Şükriye; Çakan, Hüseyin

    2015-01-01

    Filiz Ekim ÇEVİK1, Yasin Hasan BALCIOĞLU1, Şükriye KARADAYI2, Hüseyin ÇAKAN1 1İstanbul University, Forensic Medicine Institute, TÜRKİYE 2İstanbul University, Public Health Directorate, TÜRKİYE

  1. How Do the Metabolic Effects of Chronic Stress Influence Breast Cancer Biology?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-01

    Paul A. Volden, Erin L. Wonder, Maxwell N. Skor, Christopher M. Carmean, Honggang Ye, Masha Kocherginsky, Eleanor Smith, Steven Kregel, Martha K...Wonder, Maxwell N. Skor, Christopher M. Carmean, Honggang Ye, Masha Kocherginsky, Steven Kregel, Martha K. McClintock, Matthew J. Brady, and Suzanne

  2. Fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) de révélation tardive: à ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Fièvre bilieuse hémoglobinurique (FBH) de révélation tardive: à propos d'un cas au CHU de Dakar. Aliou Thiongane, Aliou Abdoulaye Ndongo, Papa Moctar Faye, Assane Sylla, Younoussa Kéïta, Djibril Boiro, Idrissa Basse, Ndèye Ramatoulaye Diagne Guèye, Ousmane Ndiaye ...

  3. Differentiation between serological responses to Brucella suis and Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O : 9 after natural or experimental infection in pigs

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jungersen, Gregers; Sørensen, Vibeke; Giese, Steen Bjørck

    2006-01-01

    with responses of B. suis biovar 2-inoculated pigs. FPSR were limited to 2-9 weeks post-YeO:9 inoculation, while B. suis-infected pigs were test-positive throughout the 21-week period of investigation. Although YeO:9-inoculated pigs exhibited FPSR in Brucella tests for a limited period of time, the serological...

  4. glim ti signifi n e of hGr nd IQgGIPg r tios in srish o k ellulose

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    long hronology were rried outD overing period of IPQ ye rs @IVTIEEIWVQ eFhFA with S ye r resolution so s to ... developedF pirstlyD the ristle one pine @ inus rist t nd inus long ... dust into the str tosphere nd onsequently ools the. tmosphereD ...

  5. Regulering, ikke kriminalisering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ludvigsen, Stian Skår; Sieberg, Katri K.

    2007-01-01

    Kriminalisering av horekunder vil føre til at markedet for seksuelle tjenester skyves inn i det skjulte.  Skjer dette, kan kostnadene bli høye.......Kriminalisering av horekunder vil føre til at markedet for seksuelle tjenester skyves inn i det skjulte.  Skjer dette, kan kostnadene bli høye....

  6. Prevalence, serotype, virulence characteristics, clonality and antibiotic susceptibility of pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from swine feces

    Science.gov (United States)

    Introduction: Swine are the only known animal reservoir of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE), a human pathogen. Since YE is a fecal organism of swine, the primary goal of this study was to evaluate the prevalence, serotype, virulence plasmid (pYV)-associated characteristics, clonality, and antibiotic su...

  7. 141 ©sakarya üniversitesi ilahiyat fakültesi dergisi 14 / 2006, s. 141-157 arap dili ve belagatı EBÛ HİLÂL EL -‘ASKERÎ’YE GÖRE LAFIZ VE ANLAM Halim ÖZNURHAN * LAFZ AND MANA ACCORDING TO ABU HILAL AL-ASKARI

    OpenAIRE

    ÖZNURHAN, Halim

    2006-01-01

    Problem of lafz (word or sentence) and mana (meaning) discussed by the Arab critics. Abu Hilal al-Askari, one of them, takes division between lafz and mana and discusses each one separately. Although Abu Hilal al-Askari does not devote a specific chapter to discussion of lafz and mana, he does examine them in various chapters of the Kitab as-Sinaatayn. He also discussed several aspects, problems and defects of lafz and mana.:

  8. ÜÇ MAYMUN, PANDORA’NIN KUTUSU, GÜZEL GÜNLER GÖRECEĞİZ, NAR, GERİYE KALAN, ŞİMDİKİ ZAMAN VE ZERRE FİLM ÖRNEKLERİYLE: TÜRK SİNEMASINDA KENTLİ KADIN OLGUSU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gül Yaşartürk Yaşartürk

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Türk sinemasında ilk yıllarından başlamak üzere sınıf farkı, kültür farkı, yaşam biçimi, giyim-kuşam, aile ve cinsiyet rollerinde modern ve geleneksel karşıtlıkları çoğu zaman kent ve taşra ayrımında ortaya konulur. Bu filmlerde çoğu zaman, dürüst, ahlaklı, değerlerine bağlı ve inançlı olmak, namus ve şeref gibi değerler taşra kültürü ile özdeşleştirilirken, modern, Batılı yaşam tarzı, aile, inanç ve değerlerinden uzaklaşmış, ahlaki çöküntü içinde yaşayan, içki ve ihanetin pençesinde kıvranan kentlilere, dolayısıyla kent kültürüne dayatılır. Ancak özellikle 1940’lı yıllardan başlayan ve hızla devam eden taşradan kente göçle birlikte taşra kent, merkez ve periferisi bağlamında kent ve kentli kavramları da değişim ve dönüşüme uğramıştır.  Bu çalışmada günümüz Türk sinemasında kentli kadın olgusunu kadın ve kent ilişkisi bağlamında örnek film analizleriyle ortaya koymayı amaçlamaktadır. Bu amaçla 2000’li yıllardan itibaren Türk sinemasında kentli kadın temsilleri yedi film örneğinde niteliksel içerik analizi yöntemi ile incelenecektir.

  9. VİRAL PAZARLAMANIN SOSYAL PAYLAŞIM SİTELERİNE ÜYE OLAN KULLANICILAR ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİNİ İNCELEYEN PİLOT BİR ÇALIŞMA - A PILOT STUDY ON EFFECTS OF VIRAL MARKETING ON SOCIAL WEB SITES USERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serpil ÜNAL

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:İnternet kullanımının artması sonucunda önemi artansosyal paylaşım siteleri ile ilginç iletilerin kişiler ya da gruplararasında paylaşımından yararlanan “viral pazarlama”pazarlama literatürüne giren yeni kavramlar arasındadır.Tüketiciler, genellikle arkadaşlarından gelen bir elektronikposta mesajını en güvenilir kaynak olarak gördüklerindenviral kampanyaların sosyal paylaşım sitelerindeki dolaşımıkolaylaşmaktadır. Viral pazarlama, ağızdan ağza iletişiminelektronik şekli olarak tanımlanabilir. Dijital teknolojininyararları sonucunda gelişmiş ve ağızdan ağza iletişimin kritikbir elektronik versiyonu olarak da adlandırılabilir.Bu çalışmanın ana amacı viral pazarlama uygulamalarınınetkinliğini ölçmektir. Araştırma İzmir ili içerisinde çeşitli yaş,meslek ve gelir grubundaki 236 kişi üzerinde viral pazarlamauygulamalarına yönelik yüz yüze anket çalışması ilegerçekleştirilmiştir. Yapılan araştırma sonucundakatılımcıların sosyal paylaşım siteleri içerisinde en çokfacebook ve msn’i kullandıkları, viral kampanyalar içindekomik şakalardan daha fazla etkilendikleri görülmüştür.Ayrıca katılımcıların yaklaşık %64’ünün viralkampanyalardan etkilenerek alışveriş yapması ve %72’sinin debu kampanyaları başkaları ile paylaşmaları araştırmasonucunda elde edilen önemli bir bulgudur. Yapılanistatistiksel analiz sonuçlarına göre, 18-28 yaş dilimindekikatılımcıların, meslek dilimlerinden öğrenci ve serbest meslekgruplarının ve gelir dilimleri daha yüksek olan bireylerin diğergruplara kıyasla e-postalardan daha fazla etkilenerek alışverişyaptıkları saptanmıştır. Kısacası, belirli gruplar için viralpazarlama uygulamalarının oldukça uygun olabileceğiaraştırma sonucunda elde edilen bir bulgudur. Sosyalpaylaşım sitelerinin Türkiye’de kullanımı giderek yaygınlaştığıiçin, viral pazarlama daha etkili bir pazarlama çeşidi olarakkarşımıza çıkmaktadır. Bu nedenle araştırma sonucunda eldeedilen bulguların, Türk firmalarının pazarlamafaaliyetlerindeki etkinliğini arttırmaları konusunda bir rehberolabileceği düşünülmektedir.Abstract:“Viral marketing” which benefits from the socialnetworking sites the importance of which has increased as aresult of the increase in internet usage and which benefitsfrom the fact that the interesting messages are shared betweenpeople or groups is among the new terms entering themarketing literature. As the consumers regard an e-mail sentto them by their friends as the most reliable source, thecirculation of the viral campaigns in social networking sites ismade easy. Viral marketing can be defined as the electronicform of word-of-mouth communication. It can be described asa critical electronic form of word-of-mouth communicationand it can be accepted to have been an improved as a result ofthe benefits of digital technology. The main purpose of thisresearch is to measure the efficiency of viral marketingpractices. The research has been carried out on 236 peoplefrom different age, occupation and income groups in theprovince of Izmir with face-to-face questionnaire relating toviral marketing practices. As a result of the researchconducted, it is seen that among the social networking sites theparticipants used facebook and msn the most and among viralcampaigns they were affected by funny jokes more. Also it is asignificant finding obtained out of the research that around 64% of the participants were affected by viral campaigns and didshopping and that 72 % of the participants share thesecampaigns with others. According to the results of thestatistical analysis performed, the participants who are on the18-28 age group, the students & the self-employed and thosewho have higher incomes have been determined to doshopping by being more influenced by e-mails compared toother groups. In short, it is a finding obtained from theresearch that viral marketing applications could be verysuitable for certain groups. As the usage of social networkingsites is becoming more and more widespread in Turkey, viralmarketing is emerging as a more influential marketing type.For this reason, it is thought that the findings obtained out ofthe research could be a guide in increasing the efficiency ofTurkish firms in marketing activities.

  10. THE TRANSLATING PROBLEMS OF CONTEMPORARY TURKISH DIALECTS (BETWEEN THE NEW UYGUR TURKISH DIALECT AND TURKEY TURKISH DIALECT ÇAĞDAŞ TÜRK ŞİVELERİ ARASINDA AKTARMA MESELELERİ (YENİ UYGUR TÜRKÇESİ – TÜRKİYE TÜRKÇESİ ÖRNEĞİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dr. M. Fatih ALKAYIŞ

    2009-05-01

    Full Text Available The translating of the books, writing with Contemporary Turkish Dialects, requires some attentions about the suffixes, words, concepts and centences to get an impressive form. By this way counfusions of meaning, between the Turkish Dialects, can be prevented.The New Uygur Turkish Dialect, thought as an Eastern Turkish Dialect at the classification of Turkish Language, is nearer to the characteristics of Old Turkish Language according to the Turkey Turkish Dialect, thought as a western Turkish Dialects. We can get a classification of translating problems, between the New Uygur Language and Turkey Turkish Language, in those titles: Verb moods, participles, gerundiums.With the solving of the problems between Contemporary Turkish Dialects, Turkish world will understand each other well, and also will be nearer. Çağdaş Türk şiveleriyle yazılmış eserleri bir şiveden başka bir şiveye aktarırken dikkat edilmesi gereken hususların başında “ek, kelime, kavram ve cümleleri” aynı etkiyi yaratacak biçimde çevirmek gelmektedir. Bu sayede anlam veya şekil bulanıklığı ortadan kalkar.Türk şivelerinin tasnifinde Doğu Türkçesinin bir kolu olarak kabul edilen Yeni Uygur Türkçesi, Batı Türkçesi içerisinde yer alan Türkiye Türkçesine oranla Eski Türkçenin şekil özelliklerine daha yakındır. Yeni Uygur Türkçesi ile Türkiye Türkçesi arasındaki aktarma meselelerini şu konular üzerinde ele alabiliriz: Fiil kipleri, sıfat-fiiller, zarf-fiiller. Çağdaş Türk şiveleri arasındaki aktarma meselelerinin çözümüyle Türk Dünyası birbirini daha iyi anlayacak ve birbirine daha çok yakınlaşacaktır.

  11. The adaptation of mobile phone addiction scale into turkish: Validity and reliability studyCep telefonu bağımlılığı ölçeği (CBÖ)’nin Türkçe’ ye uyarlanması: Geçerlik ve güvenirlik çalışması

    OpenAIRE

    Fırat, Nuray; Balcı Çelik, Seher

    2017-01-01

    The aim of this study is to adapt the Mobile Phone Addiction Scale developed by Chóliz (2012) for Turkish culture and investigate its validity and reliability. A total of 412 participants including 253 female and 159 male students who study in various high schools of Amasya province consists of the research sample. Within the context of the adaptation studies of the scale, group translation and back translation techniques were used. Item analysis, validity and reliability analyses of the rese...

  12. TÜRKİYE HİSSE SENEDİ PİYASASI GETİRİ VE OYNAKLIĞINDAKİ UZUN DÖNEM BAĞIMLILIK İÇİN AMPİRİK BİR ANALİZ (AN EMPIRICAL ANALYSIS FOR LONG TERM-DEPENDENCE IN THE RETURN AND VOLATILITY OF TURKISH STOCK MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Serpil TÜRKYILMAZ

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available ÖZ: Çalışma ARFIMA-FIGARCH modelleri yardımıyla Türkiye hisse senedi piyasası getirilerinde ikili uzun hafıza özelliğinin varlığını incelemekte dolayısıyla zayıf formda etkin piyasa hipotezini test etmektedir. Bu amaçla kullanılan veri 2010-2013 dönemi Borsa İstanbul (BIST için günlük hisse senedi kapanış fiyatlarını içermektedir. Öncelikle ortalama ve oynaklıktaki uzun hafızanın varlığı ayrı olarak incelenmiştir. ARFIMA modeli sonuçları BIST getirileri için ortalamada uzun hafıza özelliği gösterirken, getiri oynaklıklarındaki uzun hafızanın varlığı için FIGARCH modeli de istatistiksel olarak anlamlı sonuçlar vermiştir. İkinci olarak, ortalama ve oynaklıktaki birlikte uzun hafıza özelliği ARFIMA-FIGARCH modeli ile değerlendirilmiştir. Sonuç olarak, ortalamada uzun hafızanın varlığına dair bir bulgu elde edilemezken, oynaklığın öngörülebilir bir yapı gösterdiği Türkiye borsası etkin bir piyasa değildir. Anahtar Kelimeler: ARFIMA-FIGARCH, İkili Uzun Hafıza, Oynaklık, Yapısal Kırılma, Etkin Piyasa Hipotezi. ABSTRACT: The study examines presence of dual long memory property in returns of Turkish Stock Market by using ARFIMA-FIGARCH model and, tests Weak Form Efficient Market Hypothesis. The data set consists of daily closing prices for the period 2010 to 2013 of Istanbul Stock Exchange. Firstly, long memory property in return and volatility has been investigated separately. FIGARCH model indicates statistically significant findings while the results of ARFIMA model display long memory dynamics in returns of BIST. Secondly, long memory in return and volatility has been evaluated simultaneously by using ARFIMA-FIGARCH model. Consequently, Turkish Stock Market is not Efficient Market because volatility shows forecastable structure while there have not been obtained any finding about presence of long memory in return. Keywords: ARFIMA-FIGARCH, Dual Long Memory, Volatility, Structural Break, Efficient Market Hypothesis.

  13. HIZLA ARTAN ENDÜSTRİYEL ROBOTLARIN ÜRETİM SÜREÇLERİNDE YARATTIĞI DEĞİŞİMLER VE TÜRKİYE İŞGÜCÜ PİYASASINDA YARATACAĞI OLASI ETKİLERİN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Akın, Ömer

    2017-01-01

    Türkiye’nin iktisadi büyüme ivmesinin son yıllarda yavaşlaması istihdam artışıbakımından önemli bir engel olduğu gibi reel ücretler üzerinde de baskıoluşturmaktadır. 2000’li yıllardaki yüksek büyüme oranlarının yeniden yakalanmasıönünde çeşitli konjonktürel ve yapısal engeller bulunmaktadır. Siyasive ekonomik öngörülebilirliğin azaldığı önümüzdeki dönemde, yatırımlarınsektörel ve bölgesel devlet teşvikleriyle canlandırılmaya çalışıldığı gözlemlenmektedir.Ne var ki, yeni yatırımların istihdam ...

  14. An Analytical Approach to Greenwashing: Certification Versus Noncertification(“Yeşile Boyama” Kavramının Analitik İncelenmesi: Sertifikalı Etiketlerin Sertifikasızlarla Karşılaştırılması

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ebru GENÇ

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available “Greenwashing” – labeling products as environmentally sound while actually not – occurs when a firm eschews sustainable business practices but still wishes to enter environment-friendly markets. In response, environmentally conscious firms resort to eco-label certification to signal the authenticity of their products. Assuming that some consumers in the market are informed about product labeling while others are not, we study the problem of whether to certify one’s products using both a game-theoretic model and a profit-maximizing pricing model. In the game between a producer and multiple consumers, we find that the equilibrium solution is for the producer to pursue a segmentation strategy. We also find the optimal production policies in a demand setting and analyze the certification decision as a function of several parameters. Certification is superior in low price sensitive markets; when the informed-consumers market size is sufficiently large; and when the ratio of certification cost to production cost is not excessive.

  15. ULUSLARARASI ÇALIŞMA ÖRGÜTÜ (ILO VE ULUSLARARASI SOSYAL GÜVENLİK TEŞKİLATI (ISSA TARAFINDAN YAYINLANAN ULUSLARARASI BELGELERDE SOSYAL GÜVENLİĞİN KAPSAMI VE TÜRKİYE AÇISINDAN DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cenkhan ALTINTAŞ

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Sosyal güvenlik hakkının, evrensel insan haklarından biri olarak kabul edilmesinden bu yana, sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesine yönelik çabalar giderek artmıştır. Uluslararası boyutlara varan bu çabalar, özellikle düşük gelire sahip bireylerin malullük, yaşlılık, ölüm, analık, hastalık, iş kazası ve meslek hastalığı gibi temel sosyal risklere karşı güvence altına alınması üzerine odaklanmaktadır. Uluslararası Çalışma Örgütü (ILO ve Uluslararası Sosyal Güvenlik Teşkilatı (ISSA, sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesi noktasında uluslararası düzeyde çalışmalar yapmakta ve ortaya koydukları parametrelerle sosyal güvenliğin kapsamına ilişkin olarak uluslararası standartlar geliştirmektedirler. Özellikle sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının sınırlı seviyede olduğu düşük ve orta gelire sahip ülkelerde sosyal güvenliğin kapsamının genişletilmesine yönelik bir takım tavsiyeleri de içeren bu tarz çalışmalar, ülkelerin sosyal güvenliğin kapsamını genişletme girişimlerine yardımcı olmakta ve bir nevi rehber olma niteliği taşımaktadır. Bu bağlamda, çalışmada öncelikle ILO ve ISSA’nın sosyal güvenliğin kapsamına ilişkin olarak uluslararası metinlerle ortaya koydukları kavramlar ve parametrelere yer verilmektedir. Diğer bir başlıkta ise Türkiye’de sosyal güvenliğin kapsamı ILO ve ISSA’nın ortaya koyduğu parametreler çerçevesinde ele alınmaktadır.

  16. Güncellenmiş Öğrenci Yaşamı Stres Envanteri'nin Türkçe'ye Uyarlanması, Dil Geçerliği ve Ön Psikometrik İncelemesi

    OpenAIRE

    BALOĞLU, Mustafa; BARDAKCI, Salih

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of the present research was to adapt and study the initial validity and reliability properties of the Student-life Stress Inventory-Revisited. The original inventory was developed to measure the sources of stress and reactions to stress in terms of physiological, emotional, behavioral, and cognitive means among high school and university student populations. Study started by translating the items of the inventory into Turkish. Experts independently translated and then compared the...

  17. Türkiye'ye Gelen Doğrudan Yabancı Yatırımların Türkiye'nin İhracat Performansına Etkilerinin VAR Yöntemi ile Tahmini (The VAR Estimate of the Effects of Foreign Direct Investment Inflow to Turkey on Turkey’s Export Performance

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Yasemin BOZDAĞLIOĞLU

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available In this article the relationship between FDI inflow to Turkey and Turkey’s export performance is analyzed. The lack of studies in Turkey about this issue constitutes the main motivation behind this study. The effect of FDI on exports was analyzed through the Granger Causality Test (GCT (for the period of 1992:1-2009:7 and the VAR Analyses. As a result of the GCT, a unidirectional causality from FDI to exports was found. According to the results of export variance decomposition, it is observed that exports are under the influence of exports’ own lagged values. FDI plays 6 percent role in export changes. This finding corresponds to the finding that FDI causes exports. 74 percent of FDI changes arises from FDI, 10 percent from Interest Rates, and 8 percent from Exchange Rate. While Openness Ratio’s explanatory level for FDI is 2 percent, other variables are not significant in explaining FDI changes. According to these results, interest rates in the country, exchange rates, and openness ratio are main incentives behind FDI.

  18. BİR JAPON AYDININ GÖZÜNDEN TÜRKLER -NAGASE HŌSUKE’NİN TÜRKİYE İZLENİMLERİ- / TURKS FROM THE EYES OF A JAPANESE INTELLECTUAL -NAGASE HŌSUKE’S IMPRESSIONS OF TURKEY-

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okan Haluk AKBAY

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Meiji (1868-1912 ve Taishō (1912-1926 dönemlerinin önemli aydınları arasında yer alan Nagase Hōsuke (1865-1926, Türkiye ziyareti sonrasında kaleme aldığı Türkiye ve Türkler (Toruko to Torukojin kitabını 1915 yılında Japonya’da yayınlamıştır. Kitapta Türk tarihi, Anadolu coğrafyası ve dönemin siyasal yapısına dair önemli bilgilerin yanı sıra, yazarın Türk toplumu ve kültürüne ilişkin çeşitli gözlem ve değerlendirmeleri de yer almaktadır. Aynı veya yakın dönemlerde Türkiye’yi ziyaret eden diğer Japon aydınları gibi, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Japon kamuoyuna aktardığı bilgi, izlenim ve değerlendirmelerin de Japonya’daki Türkiye bilgisi ve Türkiye imajının oluşumunda etkili olduğu kuvvetle muhtemeldir. Bu makalede, Nagase Hōsuke’nin Türkiye ve Türklere ilişkin izlenim ve değerlendirmeleri genel hatlarıyla ele alınmıştır.

  19. KÜRESELLEŞMENİN TÜRKİYE ÜNİVERSİTELERİ COĞRAFYA ÖĞRETMENLİĞİ VE BÖLÜMLERİ YAPISI ÜZERİNDE ETKİSİ (THE EFFECT OF GLOBALIZATION ON STRUCTURE OF THE DEPARTMENT OF GEOGRAPHY IN TURKEY UNIVERSITIES)

    OpenAIRE

    Nevzat GÜMÜŞ; Ali İLHAN

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this study, the effect of globalization to determine on the structure geography teachers ((education and education science fields) and geography departments in Turkey universities. It has been done by the scan method. Geography departments are being established within the science and literature faculties in most developed countries as Turkey, Duration of undergraduate education is longer than the developed countries. In developed countries geography is organized such as geogra...

  20. Malatya Sıtmapınarı ASM ’ye Başvuran 2-4 Yaş Çocuğu Olan Annelerin Çocuklarının Diş Sağlığına Ait Bilgi Düzeyi ve Uygulamaları

    OpenAIRE

    Gunes, Gulsen; Celik Seyitoglu, Duygu; Sahin, Selale

    2016-01-01

    According to the Dental Association of Turkey, the prevalence of the preschool children having caries and bearing its consequences is over 80%. It is a common known fact that brushing teeth decreases the risk of caries in teeth at a meaningful level. Protection of dental health in early childhood and giving the habits of keeping the teeth healthy to children are closely related with the knowledge and attitudes of mothers. In this study our purpose is to determine knowledge and practices of mo...

  1. Uluslararası Finansal Raporlama Standartlarının Finansal Analize Etkisi: İMKB’ye Yönelik Bir Araştırma = The Impact of International Financial Reporting Standards on Financial Analysis: A Study on IMKB (Istanbul Stock Exhange

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ali İhsan AKGÜN

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available The information in financial statements should be correct, comprehensible and comparable enough, in terms of financial analysis, to fulfill the needs of financial information users. When different purposes of financial statement users are taken into consideration, Turkish Accounting Standards (TAS and Turkish Financial Reporting Standards (TFRS applications have important impacts on financial statements of enterprises and the analysis of these statements. In the actual study, the impact of International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS on the financial statement analysis of enterprises registered in Istanbul Stock Exchange (IMKB was examined. The study, the effect of IFRS on the enterprises registered in IMKB was examined thorough a questionnaire. Factor analysis was made on the SPSS 19 statistics program.

  2. Müzakere Sürecinde Türkiye’ye Yönelik Avrupa Birliği Mali Yardımları: Taahhütler ve Gerçekleşmeler(The European Union Grants For Turkey In The Negotiating Process: Allocated and Realized Amount

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sibel MEHTER AYKIN

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper deals with the EU grants allocated to the candidate countries to ease the transition process. Changing structurally since its inception, the amount of grants given to Turkey has gradually been increased since Turkey was officially declared a candidate country at the Helsinki Summit, while the priorities focused on harmonizing rules and regulations in Turkey with the Acquis Communitaire, foregrounding the political aspect of the Copenhagen criteria. Funds allocated under various budget lines were gathered in a single framework named Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance – IPA by the time accession talks with Turkey opened. A total of 3.937.400.000 Euro has been allocated for Turkey under Instrument for Pre-accession Assistance for the period between 2007-2012; thus enabling the civil society organizations realize their founding aims. Allocation of the proposed grants depends on the absorption capacity of Turkey. In this respect, sustaining the programs aiming at reinforcing project development and implementation capacities of the governmental and non-governmental organizations is vital fort he harmonization process.

  3. Yield efficiency for nine apple cultivars grafted on two rootstocks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    João Caetano Fioravanço

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: Currently, using smaller trees is one of the most important trends in apple cultivation. It is expected that reduced size plants produce lower amount of fruit, but with high yield and yield efficiency. The aim of this study was to evaluate the yield efficiency (YE of nine apple tree cultivars, grafted on two rootstocks, from the second to the seventh year after planting. The YE indexes oscillated from one to the other year, regardless of rootstock. Correlations between YE and yield per tree and between YE and trunk cross sectional area (TCSA confirmed that efficiency can be increased by the production increment or by the plant's vigor reduction. The usefulness of cumulative YEYE is highlighted to compare apple tree cultivars after the third year of production. The highest ƩYE indexes were observed for 'Royal Gala' and 'Baigent', on M-9 rootstock, and for 'Gala Real' and 'Maxi-Gala', on Marubakaido/M-9 rootstock.

  4. Leaf curl diseases of two solanaceous species in Southwest Arabia are caused by a monopartite begomovirus evolutionarily most closely related to a species from the Nile Basin and unique suite of betasatellites

    KAUST Repository

    Idris, Ali

    2012-10-01

    The complete genome of 2780 bases was amplified using rolling circle amplification, and cloned, and sequenced for two distinct strains of the monopartite begomovirus Tomato leaf curl Sudan virus (ToLCSDV). The two strains shared 86-91% identity with the previously described ToLCSDV from the Nile Basin, and 90-91% identity with one another. One strain was cloned from symptomatic tomato plants from Tihamah (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih:05]) while the other was cloned from symptomatic tobacco plants collected from Wadi Hadramaut (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Had:89]). A distinct full-length betasatellite molecule (1352 bases) was cloned from the respective field-infected tomato and tobacco plants. Agro-inoculation of tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana plants with cloned partial tandem repeats of ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih11:05]) and the associated betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Yemen betasatellite (ToLCYEB-[Tih:tom:137:05]), resulted in the reproduction of leaf curl disease symptoms in test plants like those observed in the field-infected plants. The betasatellite contributed to symptom severity in N. benthamiana test plants when it was co-inoculated with ToLCSDV-YE, compared to the milder symptoms that were observed in tobacco plants infected with the helper virus alone. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  5. Fractionation of yeast extract by nanofiltration process to assess key compounds involved in CHO cell culture improvement.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mosser, Mathilde; Kapel, Romain; Chevalot, Isabelle; Olmos, Eric; Marc, Ivan; Marc, Annie; Oriol, Eric

    2015-01-01

    Yeast extract (YE) is known to greatly enhance mammalian cell culture performances, but its undefined composition decreases process reliability. Accordingly, in the present study, the nature of YE compounds involved in the improvement of recombinant CHO cell growth and IgG production was investigated. First, the benefits of YE were verified, revealing that it increased maximal concentrations of viable cells and IgG up to 73 and 60%, respectively compared to a reference culture. Then, the analyses of YE composition highlighted the presence of molecules such as amino acids, vitamins, salts, nucleobase, and glucose that were contained in reference medium, while others including peptides, trehalose, polysaccharides, and nucleic acids were not. Consequently, YE was fractionated by a nanofiltration process to deeper evaluate its effects on CHO cell cultures. The YE molecules already contained in reference medium were mainly isolated in the permeate fraction together with trehalose and short peptides, while other molecules were concentrated in the retentate. Permeate, which was free of macromolecules, exhibited a similar positive effect than raw YE on maximal concentrations. Additional studies on cell energetic metabolism underlined that dipeptides and tripeptides in permeate were used as an efficient source of nitrogenous substrates. © 2015 American Institute of Chemical Engineers.

  6. Leaf curl diseases of two solanaceous species in Southwest Arabia are caused by a monopartite begomovirus evolutionarily most closely related to a species from the Nile Basin and unique suite of betasatellites

    KAUST Repository

    Idris, Ali; Abdullah, N.; Brown, Judith K.

    2012-01-01

    The complete genome of 2780 bases was amplified using rolling circle amplification, and cloned, and sequenced for two distinct strains of the monopartite begomovirus Tomato leaf curl Sudan virus (ToLCSDV). The two strains shared 86-91% identity with the previously described ToLCSDV from the Nile Basin, and 90-91% identity with one another. One strain was cloned from symptomatic tomato plants from Tihamah (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih:05]) while the other was cloned from symptomatic tobacco plants collected from Wadi Hadramaut (ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Had:89]). A distinct full-length betasatellite molecule (1352 bases) was cloned from the respective field-infected tomato and tobacco plants. Agro-inoculation of tomato and Nicotiana benthamiana plants with cloned partial tandem repeats of ToLCSDV-YE[YE:Tih11:05]) and the associated betasatellite, Tomato leaf curl Yemen betasatellite (ToLCYEB-[Tih:tom:137:05]), resulted in the reproduction of leaf curl disease symptoms in test plants like those observed in the field-infected plants. The betasatellite contributed to symptom severity in N. benthamiana test plants when it was co-inoculated with ToLCSDV-YE, compared to the milder symptoms that were observed in tobacco plants infected with the helper virus alone. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.

  7. Decolorization of sugar beet distillery effluent using mixed cultures ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Malgosia

    Sugar beet stillage (W) was enriched with glucose (GLU), salts (S), and yeast extract (YE). Three temperatures were ... processes, which are not efficient in colorant degradation. .... University of Environmental and Life Sciences), the Institute of.

  8. Mars Target Encyclopedia: Information Extraction for Planetary Science

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wagstaff, K. L.; Francis, R.; Gowda, T.; Lu, Y.; Riloff, E.; Singh, K.

    2017-06-01

    Mars surface targets / and published compositions / Seek and ye will find. We used text mining methods to extract information from LPSC abstracts about the composition of Mars surface targets. Users can search by element, mineral, or target.

  9. Understanding the efficacy of influent waste water on microbial ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    acer

    composition on the species structure and the diversity of bacterial consortia. The community ... 2010; Kim et al., 2011; Ye et al., 2011; Zhang et al.,. 2011a; b), greatly ..... molecular fine scale analysis of natural ammonia-oxidizing populations.

  10. Acrodermatitis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... in the United States. Epstein-Barr virus (EBV, mononucleosis ) is the virus most often associated with acrodermatitis. ... Images Gianotti-Crosti syndrome on the leg Infectious mononucleosis References Dickey BZ, Chiu YE. Diseases of the ...

  11. Studies in Rheoencephalography (REG)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-04-01

    Rheoencephalography and plethysmographic methods. Excerpta, Amsterdam. 1969. 25. Yarullin HH. Clinical rheoencephalography. Medicina , Leningrad. 1967...in Russian). Medicina , Leningrad. 1975. 32. Bodo M, Racz J, Ilias L, Pasztor A, Vajda J, Weinstein GB, Pasztor E, Moskalenko YE

  12. Seebiooper, seks ja söömine / Jaak Lõhmus

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lõhmus, Jaak

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Filmidest : Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Naasta"), Lou Ye "Suvepalee", György Palfi "Taxidermia", John Cameron Mitchelli "Shortbus", Richard Linklateri "Rämpstoidu rahvas". Filmiturul on Eesti filmidest edukaim "Leiutajateküla Lotte"

  13. SwissProt search result: AK107318 [KOME

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available AK107318 002-126-E03 (Q88YE7) Glucosamine--fructose-6-phosphate aminotransferase [i...) (L-glutamine-D-fructose-6-phosphate amidotransferase) (Glucosamine-6-ph GLMS_LACPL 1e-47 ...

  14. Surgical Treatment of Complication of Female Genital Mutilation in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Surgical Treatment of Complication of Female Genital Mutilation in Pikine Hospital, Senegal. Abdoul A Diouf, Moussa Diallo, Aissatou Mbodj, Omar Gassama, Mamour Guèye, Jean C Moreau, Alassane Diouf ...

  15. Financial management : Federal Aviation Administration lacked accountability for major assets

    Science.gov (United States)

    1998-02-18

    This short report is in response to a request by the Congress that the General : Accounting Office (GAO) analyze the Department of Transportation (DOT) Inspector : General's (IG) audit report on the Federal Aviation Administration's (FAA) : fiscal ye...

  16. ONR (Office of Naval Research) Far East Scientific Bulletin. Volume 9, Number 4, October-December 1984,

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    Faculty of Engineering Science Toyonaka, Osaka 560 . Professor Susumu Namba Associate Professor Kenji Gamo Dr. Mikio Takai Research Activities...hydrographic measurements. K. Sato , M. Ooe, International Latitude Observatory of Mizusawa, and T. Teramoto, University of Tokyo, Japan, provided ye

  17. Role of IFN-gamma and IL-6 in a protective immune response to Yersinia enterocolitica in mice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Autenrieth Ingo B

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Yersinia outer protein (Yop H is a secreted virulence factor of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye, which inhibits phagocytosis of Ye and contributes to the virulence of Ye in mice. The aim of this study was to address whether and how YopH affects the innate immune response to Ye in mice. Results For this purpose, mice were infected with wild type Ye (pYV+ or a YopH-deficient Ye mutant strain (ΔyopH. CD11b+ cells were isolated from the infected spleen and subjected to gene expression analysis using microarrays. Despite the attenuation of ΔyopH in vivo, by variation of infection doses we were able to achieve conditions that allow comparison of gene expression in pYV+ and ΔyopH infection, using either comparable infection courses or splenic bacterial burden. Gene expression analysis provided evidence that expression levels of several immune response genes, including IFN-γ and IL-6, are high after pYV+ infection but low after sublethal ΔyopH infection. In line with these findings, infection of IFN-γR-/- and IL-6-/- mice with pYV+ or ΔyopH revealed that these cytokines are not necessarily required for control of ΔyopH, but are essential for defense against infection with the more virulent pYV+. Consistently, IFN-γ pretreatment of bone marrow derived macrophages (BMDM strongly enhanced their ability in killing intracellular Ye bacteria. Conclusion In conclusion, this data suggests that IFN-γ-mediated effector mechanisms can partially compensate virulence exerted by YopH. These results shed new light on the protective role of IFN-γ in Ye wild type infections.

  18. Stemcell Information: SKIP000587 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ... Yes Quantitative RT-PCR ... Yes ... Lei Ye Lei Ye Division of Cardiology,...Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology, Department of Medici...ne, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardiology... Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Cardio...logy, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis,

  19. Stemcell Information: SKIP000585 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available istry Study Yes Cardiac Myocyte Differentiation ... No ... No ... Lei Ye Lei Ye Division of Cardiology...sota, United States of America Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medic...al School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America Division of Cardiology...iology, Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis..., Department of Medicine, University of Minnesota Medical School, Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States of America ... Division of Card

  20. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments Number 54, July-August 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-12-01

    as a continuing effort to document current Soviet-bloc developments in the quantum electronics field. The period covered is July-August 1981, and...Theory 20. Gershenzon, Ye.M., V.M. Kalygina, B.I. Levit , and B.N. Tumanov (464). Relaxation ogcillation resonance in autodyne oscillators. IVUZ...7Ye446) 189. Stapor, A., 3. Langer, T. Langer, and B. Krukowska-Fulde(NS). Efficient two- and three- quantum conversion of IR radiation to the visible in

  1. Enhanced coal-dependent methanogenesis coupled with algal biofuels: Potential water recycle and carbon capture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Barnhart, Elliott P.; Davis, Katherine J.; Varonka, Matthew; Orem, William H.; Cunningham, Alfred B.; Ramsay, Bradley D.; Fields, Matthew W.

    2017-01-01

    Many coal beds contain microbial communities that can convert coal to natural gas (coalbed methane). Native microorganisms were obtained from Powder River Basin (PRB) coal seams with a diffusive microbial sampler placed downhole and used as an inoculum for enrichments with different nutrients to investigate microbially-enhanced coalbed methane production (MECoM). Coal-dependent methanogenesis more than doubled when yeast extract (YE) and several less complex components (proteins and amino acids) were added to the laboratory microcosms. Stimulated coal-dependent methanogenesis with peptone was 86% of that with YE while glutamate-stimulated activity was 65% of that with YE, and a vitamin mix had only 33% of the YE stimulated activity. For field application of MECoM, there is interest in identifying cost-effective alternatives to YE and other expensive nutrients. In laboratory studies, adding algal extract (AE) with lipids removed stimulated coal-dependent methanogenesis and the activity was 60% of that with YE at 27 d and almost 90% of YE activity at 1406 d. Analysis of British Thermal Unit (BTU) content of coal (a measure of potential energy yield) from long-term incubations indicated > 99.5% of BTU content remained after coalbed methane (CBM) stimulation with either AE or YE. Thus, the coal resource remains largely unchanged following stimulated microbial methane production. Algal CBM stimulation could lead to technologies that utilize coupled biological systems (photosynthesis and methane production) that sustainably enhance CBM production and generate algal biofuels while also sequestering carbon dioxide (CO2).

  2. Tlhalošontši ya mongwalo: Go ngwala seo se sa tšweletšego ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Bontši bja baithuti ba maleme a Bathobaso ga bo tšee mongwalo go ba ye nngwe ya dithutwana tše bohlokwa tša maleme. Ka fao barutwana le batho ba bangwe ba go kgona go bala le go ngwala ga ba sa na le taba le thutwana ye ya mongwalo. Seo se dira gore go be le mabošaedi a mmalwa go akaretšwa a mopeleto, ...

  3. BİR İŞLETMENİN UYGULADIĞI FARKLILAŞTIRMA STRATEJİSİNİN PAZARIN KURUMSAL DEĞİŞİMİ ÜZERİNDEKİ ETKİSİ: TÜRKİYE KUPON PAZARI ÖRNEĞİ - THE EFFECT OF ONE FIRM’S DIFFERENTIATION STRATEGY ON THE INSTITUTIONAL CHANGE OF THE MARKET: THE CASE OF TURKEY COUPON MARKET

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eyüp TAYŞİR

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Günümüzde stratejik yönetim düşüncesi işletmeleraçısından büyük önem taşımaktadır. Hemen tüm işletmelervizyonlarından bahsetmekte ve bu vizyona ulaşmak için nasılbir strateji seçmeleri gerektiğini belirlemeye çalışmaktadırlar.Stratejik yönetimin başarıya ulaşmasında birçok faktörün rolüolduğu bilinmektedir. Bu anlamda teknoloji kavramı ileişletme stratejisi arasında da güçlü bir ilişki söz konusudur.Çalışma içerisinde hizmet sektöründe faaliyet gösteren vefarklılaştırma stratejisini benimseyen bir işletmenin teknolojistratejiuyumunu başarıyla ilişkilendirerek stratejikamaçlarına nasıl ulaştığı incelenmektedir. Buna ek olarak budurumun rakipler ve pazar yapısı üzerinde ne gibi etkileriolduğu da çalışma içerisinde ele alınan bir diğer konudur.Araştırmada incelenen örnek olay göstermektedir ki teknolojistratejiuyumunu sağlayan bir işletme; giriş engellerini aşma,rakiplerin öğrenme eğrilerini silme, farklılık yaratma,maliyetleri azaltma, yenilik ve iyileştirme elde etme gibiavantajlara sahip olabilmekte ve bu avantajlarla pazaryapısında özellikle yapılan işin teknolojisine ilişkinkurumların değişimini tetikleyebilmektedir.Abstract:Nowadays companies matter strategic managementidea. Almost every company mention their vision and try tofind out that which strategy should be followed in order toreach this vision. It is well known that various factors affectthe success of strategic management. One of these factors isabout the technology-strategy relation. In this study, it isanalyzed that how a service sector company could achieve itsstrategic goals by ensuring technology-strategy harmony. Inaddition, the effects of this case on the market structure andcompetition are analyzed. This case shows that companieswhich ensure the technology-strategy harmony gain thefollowing advantages: getting over the entry barriers, reducingthe effect of competitors’ learning curve, creating a differenceand innovating. Finally, this study argues that by using theseadvantages companies could trigger the institutional change inthe market in terms of the technology of the main processes ofthe job.

  4. Thermophilic biofiltration of benzene and toluene.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cho, Kyung-Suk; Yoo, Sun-Kyung; Ryu, Hee Wook

    2007-12-01

    In the current studies, we characterized the degradation of a hot mixture of benzene and toluene (BT) gases by a thermophilic biofilter using polyurethane as packing material and high-temperature compost as a microbial source. We also examined the effect of supplementing the biofilter with yeast extract (YE). We found that YE substantially enhanced microbial activity in the thermophilic biofilter. The degrading activity of the biofilter supplied with YE was stable during long-term operation (approximately 100 d) without accumulating excess biomass. The maximum elimination capacity (1,650 g x m(-3) h(-1)) in the biofilter supplemented with YE was 3.5 times higher than that in the biofilter without YE (470 g g x m(-3) h(-1)). At similar retention times, the capacity to eliminate BT for the YE-supplemented biofilter was higher than for previously reported mesophilic biofilters. Thus, thermophilic biofiltration can be used to degrade hydrophobic compounds such as a BT mixture. Finally, 16S rDNA polymerase chain reaction-DGGE (PCR-DGGE) fingerprinting revealed that the thermophilic bacteria in the biofilter included Rubrobacter sp. and Mycobacterium sp.

  5. Vitronectin Binds to a Specific Stretch within the Head Region of Yersinia Adhesin A and Thereby Modulates Yersinia enterocolitica Host Interaction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mühlenkamp, Melanie C; Hallström, Teresia; Autenrieth, Ingo B; Bohn, Erwin; Linke, Dirk; Rinker, Janina; Riesbeck, Kristian; Singh, Birendra; Leo, Jack C; Hammerschmidt, Sven; Zipfel, Peter F; Schütz, Monika S

    2017-01-01

    Complement resistance is an important virulence trait of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye). The predominant virulence factor expressed by Ye is Yersinia adhesin A (YadA), which enables bacterial attachment to host cells and extracellular matrix and additionally allows the acquisition of soluble serum factors. The serum glycoprotein vitronectin (Vn) acts as an inhibitory regulator of the terminal complement complex by inhibiting the lytic pore formation. Here, we show YadA-mediated direct interaction of Ye with Vn and investigated the role of this Vn binding during mouse infection in vivo. Using different Yersinia strains, we identified a short stretch in the YadA head domain of Ye O:9 E40, similar to the 'uptake region' of Y. pseudotuberculosis YPIII YadA, as crucial for efficient Vn binding. Using recombinant fragments of Vn, we found the C-terminal part of Vn, including heparin-binding domain 3, to be responsible for binding to YadA. Moreover, we found that Vn bound to the bacterial surface is still functionally active and thus inhibits C5b-9 formation. In a mouse infection model, we demonstrate that Vn reduces complement-mediated killing of Ye O:9 E40 and, thus, improved bacterial survival. Taken together, these findings show that YadA-mediated Vn binding influences Ye pathogenesis. © 2016 S. Karger AG, Basel.

  6. A case-control study of Yersinia enterocolitica infections in Auckland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Satterthwaite, P; Pritchard, K; Floyd, D; Law, B

    1999-10-01

    To identify major risk factors for Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) and identify measures to reduce YE infections. A prospective case control study, group age matched, using 186 cases of YE identified by community pathology laboratories and 379 randomly selected controls. Conducted between April 1995 and June 1996 in Auckland, New Zealand. Face-to-face interviews used a standardised questionnaire examining exposures to factors potentially associated with YE infections including untreated water, unreticulated sewerage, consumption of selected foods, selected food handling practices and socio-demographic factors. Multivariate logistic regression was used to calculate adjusted odds ratios for the potential risk factors. Population attributable risk (PAR) was calculated for significant exposures. Having more than two people living in the home was more common among cases than controls (OR = 2.2). Town supply water (OR = 0.2), reticulated sewerage (OR = 0.34) and looking after a young child (OR = 0.51) were significantly less common. Of the meats, only pork (OR = 1.34) had a higher consumption rate, while bacon (OR = 0.75) and smallgoods (OR = 0.73) were consumed less frequently by cases than controls. Eating food from a sandwich bar was more frequent among cases (OR = 1.18). Fruit and vegetable consumption was marginally less (OR = 0.98). The population attributable risk of these factors was 0.89, implying that 89% of YE would be eliminated if adverse exposures were removed. The risk of YE illness is increased by contact with untreated water, unreticulated sewerage and consumption of pork. Investigation of non-town water supply, informal sewerage systems and methods of preparation and consumption of pork are recommended to determine how YE enters the human food chain.

  7. Kanegelo ya Nimirode: Re lebelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe ka lefsa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elelwani B. Farisani

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode e �omi�it�we go gatelela Bathobaso ba Afrika-Borwa le ba Amerika. Taodi�wana ye e lekola Nimirode ka lefsa le go t�ea magato a go bu�et�a seriti sa gagwe le sa Bathobaso sekeng.Seo se tlo dirwa ka dikgato t�e tlhano ka mo tlase. Sa mathomo, re tlo lekola dimelo t�a bana ba Noage, go kwe�i�a Nimirode, yo e lego yena �edi ye kgolo ya taodi�wana ye. Sa bobedi re tlo lebelela ka fao bangwadi ba bangwe ba t�welet�ago seswant�ho sa go befa sa Nimirode. Sa boraro, re tlo sekaseka tiri�o ya kanegelo ya Hama/Nimirode go gatelela le go dira Bathobaso makgoba. Sa bone, re tlo sekaseka diphihlelelo le dikatlego t�a Nimirode. Mo re tlo tsepelela diphihlelelo t�a gagwe t�e tharo t�e kgolo bjalo ka go ba mmu�i wa maemo, motsomi yo maatla le moagi. Nepo ya karolo ye ke go ganet�ana le tshekatsheko ya go se be botse ye e nepilwego Nimirode nakong ya go feta. Re tlo tlalelet�a ka go fa tshekatsheko ye e tebilego ya thogako godimo ga Hama/Ku�e/Nimirode. Sa bohlano, ebile e le sa mafelelo, re tlo t�welet�a nyanyeng bohlokwa bja kanegelo ya Nimirode go bao ba bego ba gatelet�we le go ba makgoba ka baka la temana ye. Re tlo nepi�a Afrika-Borwa.

  8. Production of succinic acid from sugarcane molasses supplemented with a mixture of corn steep liquor powder and peanut meal as nitrogen sources by Actinobacillus succinogenes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shen, N; Qin, Y; Wang, Q; Liao, S; Zhu, J; Zhu, Q; Mi, H; Adhikari, B; Wei, Y; Huang, R

    2015-06-01

    The potential of using corn steep liquor powder (CSLP), peanut meal (PM), soybean meal (SM), cotton meal (CM) and urea as the substitute of yeast extract (YE) as the nitrogen source was investigated for producing succinic acid (SA). Actinobacillus succinogenes GXAS137 was used as the fermenting bacterium and sugarcane molasses was used as the main substrate. None of these materials were able to produce SA as high as YE did. The CSLP could still be considered as a feasible and inexpensive alternate for YE as the yield of SA produced using CSLP was second only to the yield of SA obtained by YE. The use of CSLP-PM mixed formulation (CSLP to PM ratio = 2·6) as nitrogen source produced SA up to 59·2 g l(-1) with a productivity of 1·2 g l(-1) h(-1). A batch fermentation using a stirred bioreactor produced up to 60·7 g l(-1) of SA at the same formulation. Fed-batch fermentation that minimized the substrate inhibition produced 64·7 g l(-1) SA. These results suggest that sugarcane molasses supplemented with a mixture of CSLP and PM as the nitrogen source could be used to produce SA more economically using A. succinogenes. Significance and impact of the study: Succinic acid (SA) is commonly used as a platform chemical to produce a number of high value derivatives. Yeast extract (YE) is used as a nitrogen source to produce SA. The high cost of YE is currently the limiting factor for industrial production of SA. This study reports the use of a mixture of corn steep liquor powder (CSLP) and peanut meal (PM) as an inexpensive nitrogen source to substitute YE. The results showed that this CSLP-PM mixed formulation can be used as an effective and economic nitrogen source for the production of SA. © 2015 The Society for Applied Microbiology.

  9. Quantum Nanobiology and Biophysical Chemistry

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2013-01-01

    An introduction was provided in the first issue by way of an Editorial to this special two issue volume of Current Physical Chemistry – “Quantum Nanobiology and Biophysical Chemistry” [1]. The Guest Editors would like to thank all the authors and referees who have contributed to this second issue....... Wu et al. use density functional theory to explore the use of Ni/Fe bimetallic nanotechnology in the bioremediation of decabromo-diphenyl esters. Araújo-Chaves et al. explore the binding and reactivity of Mn(III) porphyrins in the membrane mimetic setting of model liposomal systems. Claussen et al....... demonstrate extremely low detection performance of acyl-homoserine lactone in a biologically relevant system using surface enhanced Raman spectroscopy. Sugihara and Bondar evaluate the influence of methyl-groups and the protein environment on retinal geometries in rhodopsin and bacteriorhodopsin, two...

  10. ON ORGANIZING EDUCATIONAL ACTIVITY OF THE FUTURE TEACHING COACHES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Svatyev Andrey Vyacheslavovich

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available In didactics of higher education institution’s scientists reveal the forms of learning process organisation and the forms of teaching students through the ways of the interaction between the teacher and their students when solving didactic tasks. They are revealed by means of different ways of activity management, communication, interpersonal relations. The content of education, educational technologies, styles, principles, methods and teaching aids etc. are realized in them. The analysis of the Ukrainian studies and publications of the decade (A. M. Aleksyuk, Y. Y. Bolyubash, A. A. Vasilyuk, V. I. Bondar, V. A. Semichenko and others gives reasons to state that unfortunately we observe the substitution of two notions: the form of organization and the form of teaching, as well as narrowing the notion “teaching of students”.

  11. Yeast eIF4B binds to the head of the 40S ribosomal subunit and promotes mRNA recruitment through its N-terminal and internal repeat domains.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Sarah E; Zhou, Fujun; Mitchell, Sarah F; Larson, Victoria S; Valasek, Leos; Hinnebusch, Alan G; Lorsch, Jon R

    2013-02-01

    Eukaryotic translation initiation factor (eIF)4B stimulates recruitment of mRNA to the 43S ribosomal pre-initiation complex (PIC). Yeast eIF4B (yeIF4B), shown previously to bind single-stranded (ss) RNA, consists of an N-terminal domain (NTD), predicted to be unstructured in solution; an RNA-recognition motif (RRM); an unusual domain comprised of seven imperfect repeats of 26 amino acids; and a C-terminal domain. Although the mechanism of yeIF4B action has remained obscure, most models have suggested central roles for its RRM and ssRNA-binding activity. We have dissected the functions of yeIF4B's domains and show that the RRM and its ssRNA-binding activity are dispensable in vitro and in vivo. Instead, our data indicate that the 7-repeats and NTD are the most critical domains, which mediate binding of yeIF4B to the head of the 40S ribosomal subunit via interaction with Rps20. This interaction induces structural changes in the ribosome's mRNA entry channel that could facilitate mRNA loading. We also show that yeIF4B strongly promotes productive interaction of eIF4A with the 43S•mRNA PIC in a manner required for efficient mRNA recruitment.

  12. Analysis of volatiles from irradiated yeast extract

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Liao Tao; Li Xin; Zu Xiaoyan; Chen Yuxia; Geng Shengrong

    2013-01-01

    The method for determination volatiles from irradiated yeast extract (YE) using headspace solid phase microextraction (HS-SPME) and gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) was developed in this paper. The extraction conditions were optimized with reference to the peak area and number of volatiles as aldehyde, ketone, alcohol, acid, ester and sulfur compounds. The optimized conditions of HS-SPME for volatiles in irradiated YE were: divinyl benzene/Carboxen/polydimethylsiloxane (DVB/CAR/PDMS) fiber, extration time 40 min, extraction temperature 40℃. The volatiles from YE irradiated by 0-19.8 kGy were detected using HS-SPME coupled with GC-MS. The results showed that only 15 volatiles were detected from no irradiated YE and main compounds were acetic acid, 2, 3-butanediol and 1-hexanol, 2-ethyl-. There were 40 volatiles detected from irradiated YE and the main compounds were acetic acid, phenylethyl alcohol, heptanal and nonanal. Compare to no irradiated yeast extract, the aldehyde, ketone, alkene and disulfide, dimethyl were produced by irradiating process. (authors)

  13. A de novo designed 11 kDa polypeptide: model for amyloidogenic intrinsically disordered proteins.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Topilina, Natalya I; Ermolenkov, Vladimir V; Sikirzhytski, Vitali; Higashiya, Seiichiro; Lednev, Igor K; Welch, John T

    2010-07-01

    A de novo polypeptide GH(6)[(GA)(3)GY(GA)(3)GE](8)GAH(6) (YE8) has a significant number of identical weakly interacting beta-strands with the turns and termini functionalized by charged amino acids to control polypeptide folding and aggregation. YE8 exists in a soluble, disordered form at neutral pH but is responsive to changes in pH and ionic strength. The evolution of YE8 secondary structure has been successfully quantified during all stages of polypeptide fibrillation by deep UV resonance Raman (DUVRR) spectroscopy combined with other morphological, structural, spectral, and tinctorial characterization. The YE8 folding kinetics at pH 3.5 are strongly dependent on polypeptide concentration with a lag phase that can be eliminated by seeding with a solution of folded fibrillar YE8. The lag phase of polypeptide folding is concentration dependent leading to the conclusion that beta-sheet folding of the 11-kDa amyloidogenic polypeptide is completely aggregation driven.

  14. The potential application of a transcriptionally regulated oncolytic herpes simplex virus for human cancer therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miao, L; Fraefel, C; Sia, K C; Newman, J P; Mohamed-Bashir, S A; Ng, W H; Lam, P Y P

    2014-01-01

    Background: Emerging studies have shown the potential benefit of arming oncolytic viruses with therapeutic genes. However, most of these therapeutic genes are placed under the regulation of ubiquitous viral promoters. Our goal is to generate a safer yet potent oncolytic herpes simplex virus type-1 (HSV-1) for cancer therapy. Methods: Using bacterial artificial chromosome (BAC) recombineering, a cell cycle-regulatable luciferase transgene cassette was replaced with the infected cell protein 6 (ICP6) coding region (encoded for UL39 or large subunit of ribonucleotide reductase) of the HSV-1 genome. These recombinant viruses, YE-PC8, were further tested for its proliferation-dependent luciferase gene expression. Results: The ability of YE-PC8 to confer proliferation-dependent transgene expression was demonstrated by injecting similar amount of viruses into the tumour-bearing region of the brain and the contralateral normal brain parenchyma of the same mouse. The results showed enhanced levels of luciferase activities in the tumour region but not in the normal brain parenchyma. Similar findings were observed in YE-PC8-infected short-term human brain patient-derived glioma cells compared with normal human astrocytes. intratumoural injection of YE-PC8 viruses resulted in 77% and 80% of tumour regression in human glioma and human hepatocellular carcinoma xenografts, respectively. Conclusion: YE-PC8 viruses confer tumour selectivity in proliferating cells and may be developed further as a feasible approach to treat human cancers. PMID:24196790

  15. Mutation and screening of high-alcoholic-yield yeast by HEPE and optimization of the fermentation condition

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Han Jingjing; Lu Jiangtao; Zhang Qin; Wang Yan; Fu Yujie; Wang Shilong; Fu Haiying

    2011-01-01

    The Saccharomyces Cerevisiae YE0 was mutated using high-energy-pulse-electron (HEPE) beam. After ethanol stress and determination of the alcohol yield by gas chromatograph, the mutant YF1 with high alcoholic yield was obtained. The results showed that under the optimized fermentation conditions (34 degree C as the fermentation temperature, 72 h as the fermentation time and 30% as the glucose concentration), the alcoholic yield of YF1 was 15.57% which was 58.23% higher than that of the original strain YE0 (9.84%) under the same conditions. The growth rate and lethal temperature of the mutant YF1 were obviously enhanced to the original strain YE0. The mutant YF1 has a great potential application in industrial production of alcohol. And it can also be used as the original strain for further mutagenesis to get the strain of higher alcoholic yield. (authors)

  16. On multi-level thinking and scientific understanding

    Science.gov (United States)

    McIntyre, Michael Edgeworth

    2017-10-01

    Professor Duzheng YE's name has been familiar to me ever since my postdoctoral years at MIT with Professors Jule CHARNEY and Norman PHILLIPS, back in the late 1960s. I had the enormous pleasure of meeting Professor YE personally in 1992 in Beijing. His concern to promote the very best science and to use it well, and his thinking on multi-level orderly human activities, reminds me not only of the communication skills we need as scientists but also of the multi-level nature of science itself. Here I want to say something (a) about what science is; (b) about why multi-level thinking—and taking more than one viewpoint—is so important for scientific as well as for other forms of understanding; and (c) about what is meant, at a deep level, by "scientific understanding" and trying to communicate it, not only with lay persons but also across professional disciplines. I hope that Professor YE would approve.

  17. Fibrillation mechanism of a model intrinsically disordered protein revealed by 2D correlation deep UV resonance Raman spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sikirzhytski, Vitali; Topilina, Natalya I; Takor, Gaius A; Higashiya, Seiichiro; Welch, John T; Uversky, Vladimir N; Lednev, Igor K

    2012-05-14

    Understanding of numerous biological functions of intrinsically disordered proteins (IDPs) is of significant interest to modern life science research. A large variety of serious debilitating diseases are associated with the malfunction of IDPs including neurodegenerative disorders and systemic amyloidosis. Here we report on the molecular mechanism of amyloid fibrillation of a model IDP (YE8) using 2D correlation deep UV resonance Raman spectroscopy. YE8 is a genetically engineered polypeptide, which is completely unordered at neutral pH yet exhibits all properties of a fibrillogenic protein at low pH. The very first step of the fibrillation process involves structural rearrangements of YE8 at the global structure level without the detectable appearance of secondary structural elements. The formation of β-sheet species follows the global structural changes and proceeds via the simultaneous formation of turns and β-strands. The kinetic mechanism revealed is an important new contribution to understanding of the general fibrillation mechanism proposed for IDP.

  18. Strategy iteration is strongly polynomial for 2-player turn-based stochastic games with a constant discount factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Dueholm; Miltersen, Peter Bro; Zwick, Uri

    2011-01-01

    Ye showed recently that the simplex method with Dantzig pivoting rule, as well as Howard's policy iteration algorithm, solve discounted Markov decision processes (MDPs), with a constant discount factor, in strongly polynomial time. More precisely, Ye showed that both algorithms terminate after...... iterations. Second, and more importantly, we show that the same bound applies to the number of iterations performed by the strategy iteration (or strategy improvement) algorithm, a generalization of Howard's policy iteration algorithm used for solving 2-player turn-based stochastic games with discounted zero...

  19. JPRS Report, Science & Technology, USSR: Science & Technology Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    1990-05-31

    information science, and found money for a children’s rehabilitation center and a children’s outpa- tient clinic; it purchased medicines for the victims...Yu.V. Muravyev, S.K. Sokolov, A.P. Alyabyev. "The Development of New Methods and Systems of the Therapy of Rheumatic Diseases." Recommended by...Institute of Irrigated Horticulture . 24. Ye.A. Osipova, M.P. Mingova, G.A. Loginova, Ye.S. Sharova, V.V. Prilepov. "The Development of the Nevskiy

  20. Games to get Hegemony in Iranian Politics : Participation of Islamic Jurists after the Revolution

    OpenAIRE

    Kuroda, Kenji

    2009-01-01

    After the Iranian Islamic Revolution in 1979, Islamic jurists have played an important role in the political arena of the new establishment. This paper aimed to describe changes in the Shī'ite jurisprudence academia in contemporary Iran, especially after the revolution. Thus I focused on owze-ye 'Elmīye (Shī'ite learning institution) in Qom before and after the revolution. Then I figured out the changes in the educational aspect and the administrative aspect. In addition, I tried to reveal a ...

  1. Tanshinones as Effective Therapeutic Agents for Prostate Cancer

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-06-01

    Y. Tian, T.-F. Chen, W. Ye, L. Li, F. Ni, J.-R. Zhou: Construction and screening of fractional library of Salvia Miltiorrhiza for the rapid...glutathione perturbation. Food Chem Toxicol 2008;46: 328–38. 19. Singh AV, Franke AA, Blackburn GL, Zhou JR. Soy phytochemicals prevent orthotopic growth and

  2. Disease: H01377 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01377 Mitchell-Riley syndrome Mitchell-Riley syndrome is a neonatal diabetes synd...rome that involves abnormalities of the anterior gut as well as diabetes. Patients with this syndrome are ty...aniels M, Liu X, Paz VP, Ye H, Highland HM, Hanis CL, Greeley SA ... TITLE ... Neonatal diabetes, gallbladder

  3. Study of Electromagnetic Wave Absorption Properties of Carbon Nanotubes-Based Composites

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-29

    Publications: [1]. G. L. Zhao, Z. Ye, Z. Li, J. A. Roberts, "New carbon nanotube-epoxy composite for dampening microwave cavity resonance", IEEE Xplore ...Nanotechnology ( IEEE - NANO), 2012 12th IEEE Conference on 20-23 Aug. 2012. [2]. Z. Li, G. L. Zhao, P. Zhang, S. Guo, J. Tang, " Thermoelectric

  4. The Impact of Enterprise Education on Attitudes to Enterprise in Young People: An Evaluation Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Athayde, Rosemary

    2012-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of the paper is to present evidence on the impact of enterprise education on young people still at school in London, UK. The study was designed to measure the effect of participation in a Young Enterprise (YE) Company Program on young people's attitudes toward starting a business, and on their enterprise potential.…

  5. Effects on grape amino acid concentration through foliar application of three different elicitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gutiérrez-Gamboa, G; Portu, J; Santamaría, P; López, R; Garde-Cerdán, T

    2017-09-01

    Elicitors play an important role in the defense against pathogens as an alternative to chemical pesticides by increasing secondary metabolites. Their effect on grape amino acid has been little investigated. Thus, the aim of this research was to study the influence of methyl jasmonate (MeJ), chitosan (CHT), and a yeast extract (YE) on grape amino acid composition, through foliar applications to grapevines. The must amino acid concentration was analyzed by HPLC. The results showed that CHT and YE treatments decreased the must concentration of several amino acids, affecting total amino acid content (from 2364 to 1961, and 1818mg/L, respectively). However, MeJ treatment had a slight effect on grape amino acid content, increasing the concentration of Met (from 8.95 to 12.13mg/L) and Phe (from 7.96 to 9.29mg/L). It seems to be that, the resistance induction through CHT and YE treatments results in physiological costs to grapevines associated with a decrease on grape amino acid concentration. Consequently, MeJ applications, as a viticultural practice, could be a better tool than CHT and YE treatments, because did not affect grape amino acid concentration. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  6. Soufy et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2012) 9(3):389 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    a sweetening and flavoring agent due to its extreme sweetness (Zhang and Ye, 2009). It consists of one molecule of glycyrrhetinic acid and two molecules of glucuronic acid (Mao et al., 2005). It can effectively protect liver against fulminant hepatic failure induced by galactosamine and lipopolysaccharide (Yang et al., 2007).

  7. 2038-IJBCS-Article-Haoua Sabo

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Keywords: Cucurbitaceae, Niger, yield, seeds, oils, food security. INTRODUCTION ... foreseen climate change impact. There is .... FAST Site. LS 17 rough. Kassakassa. Sana'a. Goubèye (Doutchi). CC smooth. Kaney ..... bad. The palm oil yield were 5000 L/ha per year; sunflower 662 liters of oil per hectare, colza 572 liters ...

  8. Insignificant acute toxicity of TiO2 nanoparticles to willow trees

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Seeger, Eva Mareike; Baun, Anders; Kästner, M.

    2009-01-01

    Manufactured nanoparticles (MNP) are expected to increase in production in near future. In response, their environmental fate and effects are intensively studied. Phytotoxicity of some types of nanoparticles has been observed for annual species in the seed germination and root elongation test. Ye...

  9. Publisher Correction to

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barrio, Isabel C.; Lindén, Elin; Beest, Te Mariska; Olofsson, Johan; Rocha, Adrian; Soininen, Eeva M.; Alatalo, Juha M.; Andersson, Tommi; Asmus, Ashley; Boike, Julia; Bråthen, Kari Anne; Bryant, John P.; Buchwal, Agata; Bueno, C.G.; Christie, Katherine S.; Egelkraut, Dagmar; Ehrich, Dorothee; Fishback, Lee Ann; Forbes, Bruce C.; Gartzia, Maite; Grogan, Paul; Hallinger, Martin; Heijmans, Monique M.P.D.; Hik, David S.; Hofgaard, Annika; Holmgren, Milena; Høye, Toke T.; Huebner, Diane C.; Jónsdóttir, Ingibjörg Svala; Kaarlejärvi, Elina; Kumpula, Timo; Lange, Cynthia Y.M.J.G.; Lange, Jelena; Lévesque, Esther; Limpens, Juul; Macias-Fauria, Marc; Myers-Smith, Isla; Nieukerken, van Erik J.; Normand, Signe; Post, Eric S.; Schmidt, Niels Martin; Sitters, Judith; Skoracka, Anna; Sokolov, Alexander; Sokolova, Natalya; Speed, James D.M.; Street, Lorna E.; Sundqvist, Maja K.; Suominen, Otso; Tananaev, Nikita; Tremblay, Jean Pierre; Urbanowicz, Christine; Uvarov, Sergey A.; Watts, David; Wilmking, Martin; Wookey, Philip A.; Zimmermann, Heike H.; Zverev, Vitali; Kozlov, Mikhail V.

    2018-01-01

    The above mentioned article was originally scheduled for publication in the special issue on Ecology of Tundra Arthropods with guest editors Toke T. Høye . Lauren E. Culler. Erroneously, the article was published in Polar Biology, Volume 40, Issue 11, November, 2017. The publisher sincerely

  10. nucleoside DNA methyltransferase 1 inhibitors for treating epi

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Li et al. Trop J Pharm Res, February 2017; 16(2): 445. Tropical Journal of ... 1Department of Radiotherapy, Hebei Cixian Cancer Hospital, Cixian 056500, Hebei Province, 2Handan City Kang Ye Biological ..... Verstovsek S, Talpaz M, Garcia-Manero G, Kantarjian. HM. ... Medina-Franco JL, López-Vallejo F, Kuck D, Lyko F.

  11. Final descent for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    The 15th and last section of the CMS detector was lowered on Tuesday 22 January. The YE-1 endcap (1430 tonnes) began its 100-metre descent at 7 am and arrived gently on the floor of the experiment hall at 5.30 pm.

  12. Influence of osmotic and metal stresses on nitrogenase activity of ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Samples were collected from paddy fields in Corum-Turk.ye. Nitrogen-free BG-11 medium was used for isolation of nitrogen fixing cyanobacteria. Acetylene reduction technique was used to determine the effects of different chemical agents on the nitrogenase activities of the cyanobacteria, which were identified at the genus ...

  13. Last tango in mid-air for CMS

    CERN Multimedia

    2008-01-01

    TheYE-1 end-cap is the last CMS component to wave goodbye to the green grass of Cessy and plunge into the depths of the CMS cavern, bringing to an end a procession of spectacular descents lasting 15 months. See the video at the end of the article!

  14. Area-Wide Management of the Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus, Shiraki (Isoptera: Rhinotermitidae) in the New Orleans French Quarter

    Science.gov (United States)

    The Formosan subterranean termite, Coptotermes formosanus Shiraki (FST) was first introduced to the continental US after WWII. New Orleans’ French Quarter (FQ) in particular has been severely impacted experiencing reoccurring cycles of damages and repairs since FST was introduced to the region 65 ye...

  15. Life-cycle of the European compost worm Dendrobaena veneta ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    1990-06-05

    Jun 5, 1990 ... that this species does have potential to combat organic waste problems. The complete life-cycle of D. veneta has not been documented yeL We therefore included this ... in plastic containers with gauze lids. Fifty grams of the stabilized culture medium per wonn was added when the experiment was started.

  16. Radio Engineering System of Short-Range Navigation. RSBN-2. Part I. (Radioteknicheskaya Sistema Blizhney Navigatsii RSBN-2)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-02-09

    RANGE NAVIGATION. RSBN-2 By: Ye. M. Yakovlev, A. N. Kleplkov, et al. English pages: 706 source: Radlotekhnlcheskaya Sistema Bllzhney Navigatsli...L4 and the grid of tube L5 (6N8S) limits grid m^^mammm^m^^^f.^^ rn .„ | -.,, ..S^JTv i tOC = 77050017 PAGE ^ I current©. |: *■ «a—m

  17. Genetic enrichment of cardiomyocytes derived from mouse ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Genetic enrichment of cardiomyocytes derived from mouse embryonic stem cells. WJ He, SC Li, LL Ye, H Liu, QW Wang, WD Han, XB Fu, ZL Chen. Abstract. Pluripotent embryonic stem cells (ESC) have the ability to differentiate into a variety of cell lineages in vitro, including cardiomyocytes. Successful applications of ...

  18. Mapping of QTL for tiller number at different stages of growth in ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    growth habit (SGH) varies from prostrate to semi-prostrate to erect. ... few studies have been carried out in wheat. Law (1967) ... In the present study, QTLs associated with tiller ..... Li H., Ye G. and Wang J. 2007 A modified algorithm for the im-.

  19. Journal of Chemical Sciences | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Author Affiliations. Hong-Wen Gao1 Fa-Shui Hong2 Qing-Song Ye2. School of Chemistry and Chemical Engineering, Anhui University, Hefei 230039, P. R. China; Department of Biological Science, Huaibei Coal Teachers College, Huaibei 235000, P. R. China ...

  20. Math Education at a Crossroads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Markvorsen, Steen

    This report is a brief account of some of the work done by the author while he was part time affiliated (20\\%\\,) with the then newly established LearningLab DTU during the fall semester of 2004 and spring semester of 2005. The project is concerned with the analysis and development of the first ye...

  1. Tanzanie | Page 35 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Parents and babies wait patiently to see the community health worker in Mvomero, Tanzania. “People have faith in the services. They are treated well and diagnosed properly,” says Samuel Hassain, here with his sick grandson. Health worker Y.E. Kapito marvels that “it has been six to eight months since I heard of a child ...

  2. Publications | Page 344 | IDRC - International Development ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Results 3431 - 3440 of 6381 ... It is 2002. Parents and babies wait patiently to see the community health worker in Mvomero, Tanzania. “People have faith in the services. They are treated well and diagnosed properly,” says Samuel Hassain, here with his sick grandson. Health worker Y.E. Kapito marvels that “it has been six to.

  3. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Items 1 - 50 of 249 ... Issue, Title. Vol 10, No 1 (2010), Ye Shakoch Chilot (the court of the sheikhs): A traditional institution of conflict resolution in Oromiya zone of Amhara regional state, Ethiopia, Abstract PDF. M Zeleke. Vol 15, No 3 (2015), A comparative analysis of the Post- Arab Spring National Dialogues in Tunisia and ...

  4. Browse Title Index

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    C.N. Codo. Vol 17, No 3 (2015), Les resultats du traitement chirurgical des fractures de la patella : a propos d'une serie de 23 cas, Abstract. YE James, B Biramah, A Walla, A Abalo, B Bakriga, AM Dossim. Vol 18, No 4 (2016): Series B, D, E, Les splenectomies pour rate non traumatique en milieu tropical, Abstract.

  5. Department of Defense Extract of the Budget of the United States Government for Fiscal Years 1992 and 1993

    Science.gov (United States)

    1991-02-04

    and for end stage damages. in the 26 States that have lim- renal disease (ESRD) beneficiaries by making ited total damages, malpractice rates have...3,097 3,061 2,906 229 Part Four-8 THE BUDGET FOR FISCAL YE 1992 Table A-2. $WET AUTHOKIIY ANO OULAYS BY FUNCION ANO P (h ran f ws; Ord ~ ~ ~ IB WWii’ :w

  6. Liu et al., Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. (2013) 10(4):78-82 ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    AJTCAM

    Tie Shu Ye is a plant in the genus Cycas in family Cycadaceae; its Latin name is Folium Cordylines Fruticosae, and it is the leaf of Cordyline fruticosa (L.) A. Cheval. .... The mechanism of morphine inhibiting gastric cancer progression in vitro might be associated with activation of caspase-9 and caspase-3 and inhibition of ...

  7. Emergency and Continuous Exposure Limits for Selected Airborne Contaminants. Volume 2

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-10-01

    INFORMATION EFFECTS ON HUMANS Inhalation of fluorocarbons during the ye_-.s 1960-1970 was a prominent cause of abusive death among teen -agers. Severe...a man was exposed at 60-350 ppm to mixed solvents containing 75% xylene and experienced giddiuess, anorexia , And vomiting (Glass, 1961). In a similar

  8. TiO2 aerogel–metal organic framework nanocomposite: a new class ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2018-02-05

    Feb 5, 2018 ... titanium dioxide in association with a monolayer of dye molecules is .... Zn–MOF has not affected the anatase phase formation of. TiO2 crystals ..... [15] Xin X, Scheiner M, Ye M and Lin Z 2011 Langmuir 27 14594. [16] Kim B ...

  9. USSR Report World Economy and International Relations No. 9, September 1983.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-01-04

    Problems Held (pp 139-141) (V. Vaulin) 87 BOOK, AUTHORS Review of "La crisis economica y social del mundo " by Fidel Castro (pp 142-144 (Ye. Kosarev...working class have preserved their fighting spirit, to which the strikes at the Citroen and Renault auto companies and other protests by the working

  10. Automatisk skru stasjon – A.S.S

    OpenAIRE

    Mathiesen, Henrik; Aschjem, Halvor; Nordbø, Svein Gjøran; Leer, Ole Gunnar

    2011-01-01

    Oppgaven har gått ut på å utvikle og bygge en automatisk skrustasjon for å sammenføye bunnseksjon og ytterskall på deres varmtvannsbereder serier ”OSO Slank” og ”OSO Wallsmart”. Utført i samarbeid med OSO Hotwater AS

  11. Tshempionat mira po kino / Ilona Vinogradova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vinogradova, Ilona

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", soomlase Aki Kaurismäki "Äärelinna tuled" ("Laitakaupungin valot"), hispaanlase Pedro Almodovari "Volver" ("Tagasitulek"), inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"). Ka vene filmi kohaloleku probleemidest Cannes'is

  12. Cannes : seks ja revolutsioon / Annika Koppel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Koppel, Annika

    2006-01-01

    Cannes'i filmifestival. Nähtud filmidest : Ron Howardi "Da Vinci kood"("The Code Da Vinci"), hiinlase Lou Ye "Suvepalee", inglase Ken Loach'i "Tuul, mis sasib odrapõldu" ("The Wind that Shakes the Barely"), ungarlase Györgi Palfi "Taksidermia"

  13. 2577-IJBCS-Article-Frank Ngoyi Tshite

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Quality evaluation of glucose serup from sweet cassava hydrolyzed by rice malt crude enzymes extract. Journal of Food. Technology, 11(3): 1-3. Alozie YE, Iyam MA, lawalo O, udofia U,. Ani IF. 2009. Utilisation de la farine de. Bambara comme aliment de complément. Londres. Journal of Food Technology,. 7(4): 111-114.

  14. Journal of Genetics | Indian Academy of Sciences

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Home; Journals; Journal of Genetics; Volume 95; Issue 4. Adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase from the mud crab, Scylla paramamosain: cDNA cloning and profiles under cold stress. CHENCUI HUANG KUN YU HUIYANG HUANG HAIHUI YE. RESEARCH ARTICLE Volume 95 Issue 4 December 2016 pp ...

  15. A historical overview of the study of the theology of religions

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Test

    Christians'. Paul's words to the Athenians may be relevant, '[w]hom therefore ye .... With pluralism, Rose (2013:9) refers to the theory of John. Hick as the ..... the execution of Jesus, Harper Collins, New York. Daggers ... Kärkkäinen, V.-M., 2003, An introduction to the theology of religions: Biblical, historical and contemporary.

  16. Disease: H01813 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available acquired causes. LGS most commonly first manifests in children between 3 and 5 ye...ars of age, but onset can also occur at younger and older ages. It has been reported that 20-36% of children

  17. Tanzania | Page 40 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    Language French. Southern Africa has embarked on one of the world's most ambitious security co-operation initiatives, seeking to roll out the principles of the United Nations at regional levels. This book examines the ... À son avis, les patients sont bien traités et les diagnostics sont exacts. Y.E. Kapito, travailleur de la santé, ...

  18. Tanzanie | Page 45 | CRDI - Centre de recherches pour le ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    operation initiatives, seeking to roll out the principles of the United Nations at regional levels. This book examines the triangular ... À son avis, les patients sont bien traités et les diagnostics sont exacts. Y.E. Kapito, travailleur de la santé, ...

  19. How Can Service-Learning Prepare Students for the Workforce? Exploring the Potential of Positive Psychological Capital

    Science.gov (United States)

    McElravy, L. J.; Matkin, Gina; Hastings, Lindsay J.

    2018-01-01

    Although service-learning increases several important development and learning outcomes in college students (Yorio & Ye, 2012), it is not clear whether service-learning is better preparing these students for their future careers (Gray, Ondaatje, Fricker, & Geschwind, 2000). To better understand the influence of service-learning on student…

  20. Genome sequences of thirty Escherichia coli O157:H7 isolates recovered from a single dairy farm and its associated off-site heifer raising facility

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cattle are the primary reservoir of Escherichia coli O157:H7, the most frequently isolated serotype of enterohemorrhagic E. coli infections among humans in North America. To evaluate the diversity of E. coli O157:H7 isolates within a single dairy herd the genomes of 30 isolates collected over a 7-ye...

  1. Enhancement of methyl tert-butyl ether degradation by the addition of readily metabolizable organic substrates

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Chen Dongzhi; Chen Jianmeng; Zhong Weihong

    2009-01-01

    Supplements with readily metabolizable organic substrates were investigated to increase the biomass and enhance degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) due to the low biomass yield of MTBE which has been one of the factors for low-rate MTBE degradation. The influence of various organic substrates on the rate of aerobic degradation of methyl tert-butyl ether (MTBE) by Methylibium petroleiphilum PM1 was investigated, and only yeast extract (YE), beef extract and tryptone exhibited stimulatory effect. With the concentration of each substrate being 100 mg/L, the average MTBE removal rate could increase to 1.29, 1.20 and 1.04 mg/(L h), respectively, in comparison with 0.71 mg/(L h) when carried out in medium without addition. The stimulatory effects of YE addition, as well as induction period required by MTBE degradation, varied dramatically with the storage conditions, pre-culture medium and concentrations of the inoculums. The extent of stimulatory effects of YE might be closely related to the proportion of induction period in the total time of MTBE-degradation. The removal efficiency increased from about 50% to 90.5% with the addition of YE in a packed-bed reactor loaded with calcium alginate immobilized cells.

  2. Chronic inflammatory cells and damaged limbal cells in pterygium

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    EB

    2013-09-03

    Sep 3, 2013 ... Objective: To explain chronic inflammation in pterygium, and to clarify whether damaged limbal basal epithelial cells were ..... Jiang Y, Goldberg ID, Shi YE. Complex roles of tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinases in cancer. Oncogene 2002; 21: 2245-2252. 6. Kato S, Aoshima H, Saitoh Y, Miwa N. Fullerene-.

  3. Temporal Analysis of Andes Virus and Sin Nombre Virus Infections of Syrian Hamsters

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-05-01

    Microbiology . All Rights Reserved. Temporal Analysis of Andes Virus and Sin Nombre Virus Infections of Syrian Hamsters Victoria Wahl-Jensen,1 Jennifer...Ye, C., J. Prescott , R. Nofchissey, D. Goade, and B. Hjelle. 2004. Neutralizing antibodies and Sin Nombre virus RNA after recovery from hantavirus

  4. Effect of mating types on amorpha-4, 11-diene production in ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    user

    2012-01-26

    Jan 26, 2012 ... pYeDP60/GAPDH/ADS harbouring the amorpha-4,11-diene synthase (ADS) gene was transformed into ... cost and an unreliable supply chain for artemisinin ... production mode which could dramatically reduce the cost of ...

  5. Direct and indirect fluorescent detection of tetracyclines using dually emitting carbon dots

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Qu, Fei; Sun, Zhe; Liu, Dongya; Zhao, Xianen; You, Jinmao

    2016-01-01

    The authors describe dual-emission carbon nanodots containing blue emitters (BE; peak emission at 385 nm under 315 nm excitation) and yellow emitters (YE; peak emission at 530 nm under 365 nm excitation), and how they can be applied to direct and indirect determination of tetracyclines (TCs). The direct detection scheme is based on the finding that tetracycline (TET), oxytetracycline, chlortetracycline and doxycycline quench the two emissions of the carbon dots. While direct determination is rapid and convenient, it cannot differentiate between TCs. The indirect detection scheme, in contrast, is based on the finding that Al (III) ions enhance the fluorescence of the YE in the carbon dots, and that they cause a blue shift in emission. It is, however, known that TET forms a strong complex with Al (III), and this can inhibit the interaction between Al (III) and the YE, so that the fluorescence of YE is not enhanced and blue-shifted by Al (III) in the presence of TET. This finding is exploited in a fluorescence turn-on/off assay for TET that can distinguish TET from other TCs. The linear range of indirect determination for TET extends from 1 nM to 30 μM, and the limit of detection is 0.52 nM. The indirect method was successfully applied to the determination of TET in spiked milk, fish and pork, and recoveries ranged from 91.7 to 102 %. (author)

  6. Dependence of the textural properties and surface species of ZnO ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-05-20

    May 20, 2017 ... compounds, therefore easily to be separated and removed. The application of ... using Cu Kα radiation (λ = ... (reaching adsorption-desorption equilibrium) for about 30 min before ... where Co is the initial concentration of the dye and C is the ..... [15] Ni Y H, Wei X W, Hong J M and Ye Y 2005 Mater. Sci. Eng ...

  7. DMPD: Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. [Dynamic Macrophage Pathway CSML Database

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 15189145 Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. Ishii I, Fukushima N, Y...e X, Chun J. Annu Rev Biochem. 2004;73:321-54. (.png) (.svg) (.html) (.csml) Show Lysophospholipid receptors...: signaling and biology. PubmedID 15189145 Title Lysophospholipid receptors: signaling and biology. Authors

  8. Impact of neutrino flavor oscillations on the neutrino-driven wind nucleosynthesis of an electron-capture supernova

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pllumbi, E.; Tamborra, I.; Wanajo, S.; Janka, H.-T.; Hüdepohl, L.

    2015-01-01

    Neutrino oscillations, especially to light sterile states, can affect nucleosynthesis yields because of their possible feedback effect on the electron fraction (Ye). For the first time, we perform nucleosynthesis calculations for neutrino-driven wind trajectories from the neutrino-cooling phase of

  9. Services ecosystémiques du parc agroforestier à Cordyla pinnata ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Les résultats de l'enquête indiquent que les principales espèces ligneuses du parc citées pour leur fonction alimentaire dans la commune de. Keur Samba Guèye sont: Parkia biglobosa. (15%), Anacardium occidentale (13%),. Mangifera indica (10%), Zyziphus mauritiana. (10%), Detarium senegalensis (8%), Parinari.

  10. A Focus into the Charity "Young Enterprise Northern Ireland" and How Effective Their "Company Programme" Is at Increasing "Life Skills" in Young People

    Science.gov (United States)

    McVeigh, Francis

    2014-01-01

    Purpose - This research project has investigated the "Company Programme" of the charity YE and how effective it is at increasing Life Skills in young people. Data has been obtained using student questionnaires and teacher interviews. Previous studies have been completed on "Life Skills" and "Enterprise Programmes",…

  11. JPRS Report Science & Technology USSR: Life Sciences.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1988-07-18

    Varieties and Hybrids (I.A. Nurpeisov, R.A. Urazaliyev; SELSKOKROZYAYSTVENNAYA BIOLOGIYA, No 5, May 86) Increasing RNAase Activity in Tomato Leaves Under...Studies of Infestation of Anopheles Larvae with Romanomermis Culicivorax Namatodes in Azerbaijan (V.V. Vladimirova, Ye.A. Pridantseva, et al

  12. Visit to Minsk in NCPHEP institute and Mzor company

    CERN Multimedia

    Pascal Petiot

    2001-01-01

    This visit was planed to check and witness some mechanical test on the brackets which will attach the HE calorimeter on the YE1 (end cap nose). These tests will define a protocol which will be applied on all other brackets to validate them through our quality assurance system.

  13. Motivations and Earnings of Emigrants from a Rich Welfare State

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Poutvaara, Panu; Munk, Martin D.

    2018-01-01

    Northern European countries lose more than ten percent of their university graduates as a result of emigration. This could undermine welfare states if the high-income earners emigrate to avoid high taxes. Register data shows that those facing a high tax burden are much more likely to emigrate. Ye...

  14. A real-time PCR assay for the specific identification of serotype O : 9 of Yersinia enterocolitica

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Jacobsen, N.R.; Bogdanovich, T.; Skurnik, M.

    2005-01-01

    -related bacterial strains, containing per gene homologies. The assay was specific for the Ye 0:9 tested, the detection limit was 1-10 genome copies of purified DNA and amplification efficiency was between 90.5-103%, indicating a linear regression throughout the detection window....

  15. Bi-local holography in the SYK model: perturbations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jevicki, Antal; Suzuki, Kenta [Department of Physics, Brown University,182 Hope Street, Providence, RI 02912 (United States)

    2016-11-08

    We continue the study of the Sachdev-Ye-Kitaev model in the Large N limit. Following our formulation in terms of bi-local collective fields with dynamical reparametrization symmetry, we perform perturbative calculations around the conformal IR point. These are based on an ε expansion which allows for analytical evaluation of correlators and finite temperature quantities.

  16. author's correction 1..1

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J. Genet. 89, e25Ye29 (http://www.ias.ac.in/jgenet/OnlineResources/90/e25.pdf). In table 1, for locus Aaz1, the core motif should be (ACAT)8 ATAAA(TG)6 and not (ACAT)8. Genetic polymorphism of serotonin transporter 5-HTTLPR: involvement in smoking behaviour. Maria Angelica Ehara Watanabe, Sandra Odebrechet ...

  17. African Journal of Biotechnology - Vol 16, No 3 (2017)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Composting of sugar cane bagasse by Bacillus strains · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. NDèye D. Diallo, Malick MBengue, Massaer NGuer, Mouhamed Kâ, Emmanuel Tine, Cheikh T. Mbaye, 113-123. http://dx.doi.org/10.5897/AJB2015.14998 ...

  18. Two Pontic rivers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bekker-Nielsen, Tønnes; Jensen, Marit

    2015-01-01

    The accounts of the landscape around the Iris (Yeşilirmak) and the Thermodon (Terme) given by ancient authors are diverse and often contradictory. The Periegesis of the World by Dionysius of Alexandria, a didactic poem written in the early IInd c. A.D., established an image of the two rivers that...

  19. Disentangling the causal relationships between work-home interference and employee health

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hooff, M.L.M. van; Geurts, S.A.E.; Taris, T.W.; Kompier, M.A.J.; Dikkers, J.S.E.; Houtman, I.L.D.; Heuvel, F.M.M. van den

    2005-01-01

    Objectives: The present study was designed to investigate the causal relationships between (time- and strain-based) work-home interference and employee health. The effort-recovery theory provided the theoretical basis for this study. Methods: Two-phase longitudinal data (with a 1-ye ar time lag)

  20. Xeroderma Pigmentosum with Mailgnant Melanoma and Squamous Cell Carcinoma

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    N R Nagbhushana

    1989-01-01

    Full Text Available A 25 year old female with xeroderma pigmentosum since 3 ye4ws of age, developed a nodular growth on the left ala of the nose since 4 months. Histopathology revealed m ant melanoma of the nodular variety. A squamous cell carcinoma was also detected at the fimbus in the right eye. There were no metastases.

  1. Detection of Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 in the faeces of cattle with false positive reactions in serological tests for brucellosis in Ireland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Grady, Don; Kenny, Kevin; Power, Seamus; Egan, John; Ryan, Fergus

    2016-10-01

    Intestinal infection by Yersinia enterocolitica serotype O:9 (YeO9) in cattle has been linked to false positive serological reactivity (FPSR) in diagnostic tests for brucellosis. Although eradicated in Ireland, brucellosis monitoring still identifies seropositive animals, usually one or two (termed singletons) per herd, which are classed as FPSR. To investigate a link between FPSR and YeO9, faeces and blood were collected from singleton FPSR cattle, and from companion animals, in eight selected herds with more than one FPSR animal, for YeO9 culture and Brucella serology. YeO9 was isolated from 76/474 (16%) FPSR singletons in 309 herds, but not from any of 621 animals in 122 control non-FPSR herds. In the FPSR herds 52/187 (27.8%) animals were culture positive, and 17% of the isolates were from seronegative animals. Seropositive animals were more likely to have a rising antibody titre when culture positive. Copyright © 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  2. Increased prevalence of antibodies to enteropathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica virulence proteins in relatives of patients with autoimmune thyroid disease

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Strieder, T. G. A.; Wenzel, B. E.; Prummel, M. F.; Tijssen, J. G. P.; Wiersinga, W. M.

    2003-01-01

    Infections have been implicated in the pathogenesis of a number of autoimmune diseases, and Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) might play a role in the development of autoimmune thyroid disease (AITD). Clinical evidence in support of this hypothesis has been inconclusive. We reasoned that looking earlier

  3. No causal relationship between Yersinia enterocolitica infection and autoimmune thyroid disease: evidence from a prospective study

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Effraimidis, G.; Tijssen, J. G. P.; Strieder, T. G. A.; Wiersinga, W. M.

    2011-01-01

    P>The objective of this study was to evaluate prospectively the relationship between Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) infection and the development of overt autoimmune hypo- or hyperthyroidism (study A) and the de novo occurrence of thyroid antibodies (study B). This was a prospective cohort study of

  4. Chikungunya Virus: What You Need to Know

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chikungunya Virus: What you need to know Chikungunya (pronunciation: \\chik-en-gun-ye) is: ŠŠ A virus spread through Aedes species mosquito bites. Aedes mosquitoes also spread dengue and Zika viruses. ŠŠ A risk to anyone traveling to a region ...

  5. Targeting Environmental Quality to Improve Population Health and Lower Healthcare Costs

    Science.gov (United States)

    Key goals of health care reform are to stimulate innovative approaches to improve healthcare quality and clinical outcomes while holding down costs. To achieve these goals value-based payment places the needs of the patient first and encourages multi-stakeholder cooperation. Ye...

  6. Alexandria Journal of Medicine - Vol 54, No 1 (2018)

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The effect of the essential oils of lavender and rosemary on the human short-term memory · EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT EMAIL FREE FULL TEXT · DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT DOWNLOAD FULL TEXT. O.V. Filiptsova, L.V. Gazzavi-Rogozina, I.A. Timoshyna, O.I. Naboka, Ye.V. Dyomina, A.V. Ochkur, 41-44 ...

  7. Author Details

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Dyomina, Ye.V. Vol 54, No 1 (2018) - Articles The effect of the essential oils of lavender and rosemary on the human short-term memory. Abstract PDF. ISSN: 2090-2948. AJOL African Journals Online. HOW TO USE AJOL... for Researchers · for Librarians · for Authors · FAQ's · More about AJOL · AJOL's Partners · Terms and ...

  8. Yersinia enterocolitica targets cells of the innate and adaptive immune system by injection of Yops in a mouse infection model.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martin Köberle

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye evades the immune system of the host by injection of Yersinia outer proteins (Yops via a type three secretion system into host cells. In this study, a reporter system comprising a YopE-beta-lactamase hybrid protein and a fluorescent staining sensitive to beta-lactamase cleavage was used to track Yop injection in cell culture and in an experimental Ye mouse infection model. Experiments with GD25, GD25-beta1A, and HeLa cells demonstrated that beta1-integrins and RhoGTPases play a role for Yop injection. As demonstrated by infection of splenocyte suspensions in vitro, injection of Yops appears to occur randomly into all types of leukocytes. In contrast, upon infection of mice, Yop injection was detected in 13% of F4/80(+, 11% of CD11c(+, 7% of CD49b(+, 5% of Gr1(+ cells, 2.3% of CD19(+, and 2.6% of CD3(+ cells. Taking the different abundance of these cell types in the spleen into account, the highest total number of Yop-injected cells represents B cells, particularly CD19(+CD21(+CD23(+ follicular B cells, followed by neutrophils, dendritic cells, and macrophages, suggesting a distinct cellular tropism of Ye. Yop-injected B cells displayed a significantly increased expression of CD69 compared to non-Yop-injected B cells, indicating activation of these cells by Ye. Infection of IFN-gammaR (receptor- and TNFRp55-deficient mice resulted in increased numbers of Yop-injected spleen cells for yet unknown reasons. The YopE-beta-lactamase hybrid protein reporter system provides new insights into the modulation of host cell and immune responses by Ye Yops.

  9. Impact of Neutrino Flavor Oscillations on the Neutrino-driven Wind Nucleosynthesis of an Electron-capture Supernova

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pllumbi, Else; Tamborra, Irene; Wanajo, Shinya; Janka, Hans-Thomas; Hüdepohl, Lorenz

    2015-08-01

    Neutrino oscillations, especially to light sterile states, can affect nucleosynthesis yields because of their possible feedback effect on the electron fraction (Ye). For the first time, we perform nucleosynthesis calculations for neutrino-driven wind trajectories from the neutrino-cooling phase of an 8.8 {M}⊙ electron-capture supernova (SN), whose hydrodynamic evolution was computed in spherical symmetry with sophisticated neutrino transport and whose Ye evolution was post-processed by including neutrino oscillations between both active and active-sterile flavors. We also take into account the α-effect as well as weak magnetism and recoil corrections in the neutrino absorption and emission processes. We observe effects on the Ye evolution that depend in a subtle way on the relative radial positions of the sterile Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein resonances, on collective flavor transformations, and on the formation of α particles. For the adopted SN progenitor, we find that neutrino oscillations, also to a sterile state with eV mass, do not significantly affect the element formation and in particular cannot make the post-explosion wind outflow neutron-rich enough to activate a strong r-process. Our conclusions become even more robust when, in order to mimic equation-of-state-dependent corrections due to nucleon potential effects in the dense-medium neutrino opacities, six cases with reduced Ye in the wind are considered. In these cases, despite the conversion of active neutrinos to sterile neutrinos, Ye increases or is not significantly lowered compared to the values obtained without oscillations and active flavor transformations. This is a consequence of a complicated interplay between sterile-neutrino production, neutrino-neutrino interactions, and α-effect.

  10. Depletion of dendritic cells enhances innate anti-bacterial host defense through modulation of phagocyte homeostasis.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Stella E Autenrieth

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Dendritic cells (DCs as professional antigen-presenting cells play an important role in the initiation and modulation of the adaptive immune response. However, their role in the innate immune response against bacterial infections is not completely defined. Here we have analyzed the role of DCs and their impact on the innate anti-bacterial host defense in an experimental infection model of Yersinia enterocolitica (Ye. We used CD11c-diphtheria toxin (DT mice to deplete DCs prior to severe infection with Ye. DC depletion significantly increased animal survival after Ye infection. The bacterial load in the spleen of DC-depleted mice was significantly lower than that of control mice throughout the infection. DC depletion was accompanied by an increase in the serum levels of CXCL1, G-CSF, IL-1α, and CCL2 and an increase in the numbers of splenic phagocytes. Functionally, splenocytes from DC-depleted mice exhibited an increased bacterial killing capacity compared to splenocytes from control mice. Cellular studies further showed that this was due to an increased production of reactive oxygen species (ROS by neutrophils. Adoptive transfer of neutrophils from DC-depleted mice into control mice prior to Ye infection reduced the bacterial load to the level of Ye-infected DC-depleted mice, suggesting that the increased number of phagocytes with additional ROS production account for the decreased bacterial load. Furthermore, after incubation with serum from DC-depleted mice splenocytes from control mice increased their bacterial killing capacity, most likely due to enhanced ROS production by neutrophils, indicating that serum factors from DC-depleted mice account for this effect. In summary, we could show that DC depletion triggers phagocyte accumulation in the spleen and enhances their anti-bacterial killing capacity upon bacterial infection.

  11. Yersinia enterocolitica and Photorhabdus asymbiotica β-lactamases BlaA are exported by the twin-arginine translocation pathway.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schriefer, Eva-Maria; Hoffmann-Thoms, Stephanie; Schmid, Franz X; Schmid, Annika; Heesemann, Jürgen

    2013-01-01

    In general, β-lactamases of medically important Gram-negative bacteria are Sec-dependently translocated into the periplasm. In contrast, β-lactamases of Mycobacteria spp. (BlaC, BlaS) and the Gram-negative environmental bacteria Stenotrophomonas maltophilia (L2) and Xanthomonas campestris (Bla(XCC-1)) have been reported to be secreted by the twin-arginine translocation (Tat) system. Yersinia enterocolitica carries 2 distinct β-lactamase genes (blaA and blaB) encoding BlaA(Ye) and the AmpC-like β-lactamase BlaB, respectively. By using the software PRED-TAT for prediction and discrimination of Sec from Tat signal peptides, we identified a functional Tat signal sequence for Yersinia BlaA(Ye). The Tat-dependent translocation of BlaA(Ye) could be clearly demonstrated by using a Y. enterocolitica tatC-mutant and cell fractionation. Moreover, we could demonstrate a unique unusual temperature-dependent activity profile of BlaA(Ye) ranging from 15 to 60 °C and a high 'melting temperature' (T(M)=44.3°) in comparison to the related Sec-dependent β-lactamase TEM-1 (20-50°C, T(M)=34.9 °C). Strikingly, the blaA gene of Y. enterocolitica is present in diverse environmental Yersinia spp. and a blaA homolog gene could be identified in the closely related Photorhabdus asymbiotica (BlaA(Pa); 69% identity to BlaA(Ye)). For BlaA(Pa) of P. asymbiotica, we could also demonstrate Tat-dependent secretion. These results suggest that Yersinia BlaA-related β-lactamases may be the prototype of a large Tat-dependent β-lactamase family, which originated from environmental bacteria. Copyright © 2012 Elsevier GmbH. All rights reserved.

  12. Efficacy of a biomechanically-based yoga exercise program in knee osteoarthritis: A randomized controlled trial.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuntz, Alexander B; Chopp-Hurley, Jaclyn N; Brenneman, Elora C; Karampatos, Sarah; Wiebenga, Emily G; Adachi, Jonathan D; Noseworthy, Michael D; Maly, Monica R

    2018-01-01

    Certain exercises could overload the osteoarthritic knee. We developed an exercise program from yoga postures with a minimal knee adduction moment for knee osteoarthritis. The purpose was to compare the effectiveness of this biomechanically-based yoga exercise (YE), with traditional exercise (TE), and a no-exercise attention-equivalent control (NE) for improving pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance in women with knee osteoarthritis. Single-blind, three-arm randomized controlled trial. Community in Southwestern Ontario, Canada. A convenience sample of 31 women with symptomatic knee osteoarthritis was recruited through rheumatology, orthopaedic and physiotherapy clinics, newspapers and word-of-mouth. Participants were stratified by disease severity and randomly allocated to one of three 12-week, supervised interventions. YE included biomechanically-based yoga exercises; TE included traditional leg strengthening on machines; and NE included meditation with no exercise. Participants were asked to attend three 1-hour group classes/sessions each week. Primary outcomes were pain, self-reported physical function and mobility performance. Secondary outcomes were knee strength, depression, and health-related quality of life. All were assessed by a blinded assessor at baseline and immediately following the intervention. The YE group demonstrated greater improvements in KOOS pain (mean difference of 22.9 [95% CI, 6.9 to 38.8; p = 0.003]), intermittent pain (mean difference of -19.6 [95% CI, -34.8 to -4.4; p = 0.009]) and self-reported physical function (mean difference of 17.2 [95% CI, 5.2 to 29.2; p = 0.003]) compared to NE. Improvements in these outcomes were similar between YE and TE. However, TE demonstrated a greater improvement in knee flexor strength compared to YE (mean difference of 0.1 [95% CI, 0.1 to 0.2]. Improvements from baseline to follow-up were present in quality of life score for YE and knee flexor strength for TE, while both also

  13. Gemlik Çeşidi Salamura Zeytin Üretiminde Diffüzyon Katsayısının Belirlenmesi ve Farklı Tuz Derişiminin Laktik Asit ve İndirgen Şeker Üzerine Etkisi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ömer Faruk Gamlı

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmada, farklı tuz derişimlerindeki (%8-14 salamuralar kullanılarak Osmaniye’de yetiştirilen Gemlik çeşidi yeşil ve siyah zeytinlerden sofralık, salamura zeytin üretimi gerçekleştirilmiştir. Salamuralardaki tuz konsantrasyonlarının artması ile birlikte yeşil zeytinlerde nem değerlerinin %45,23-54,90, siyah zeytinlerde %46,04-56,53 arasında değiştiği; yeşil zeytinlerde tuz miktarlarının %1,21-5,22 arasında, siyah zeytinlerde ise %2,32-5,57 arasında değiştiği belirlenmiştir. Artan tuz konsantrasyonlarına bağlı olarak yayılım katsayılarının da arttığı belirlenmiştir. Yeşil zeytinlerde yayılım katsayıları 4.38 × 10-8- 6,59 × 10-7 (m2s-1 arasında, siyah zeytinlerde ise 3,79 × 10-8 – 3,56 × 10-7 (m2s-1 arasında değişim göstermiştir. Yeşil siyah zeytinlerde laktik asit konsantrasyonlarının %0,43-0,45, siyah zeytinlerde ise %0,41-0.44 arasında değiştiği tespit edilmiştir. %10-12’ lik salamuralarda laktik asit oluşumunun diğerlerine oranla daha fazla olduğu belirlenmiştir. İndirgen şeker miktarlarının yeşil zeytinlerde olgunlaşmanın ilerlemesiyle birlikte %4,76-1,88, siyah zeytinlerde ise %4,89-2,01 arasında değişim gösterdiği görülmüştür.

  14. Adding to Yersinia enterocolitica Gene Pool Diversity: Two Cryptic Plasmids from a Biotype 1A Isolate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniela Lepka

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available We report the nucleotide sequence of two novel cryptic plasmids (4357 and 14 662 base pairs carried by a Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A strain isolated from pork. As distinguished from most biotype 1A strains, this isolate, designated 07-04449, exhibited adherence to eukaryotic cells. The smaller plasmid pYe4449-1 carries five attributable open reading frames (ORFs encoding the first CcdA/CcdB-like antitoxin/toxin system described for a Yersinia plasmid, a RepA-like replication initiation protein, and mobilizing factors MobA and MobC. The deduced amino acid sequences showed highest similarity to proteins described in Salmonella (CcdA/B, Klebsiella (RepA, and Plesiomonas (MobA/C indicating genomic fluidity among members of the Enterobacteriaceae. One additional ORF with unknown function, termed ORF5, was identified with an ancestry distinct from the rest of the plasmid. While the C+G content of ORF5 is 38.3%, the rest of pYe4449-1 shows a C+G content of 55.7%. The C+G content of the larger plasmid pYe4449-2 (54.9% was similar to that of pYe4449-1 (53.7% and differed from that of the Y. enterocolitica genome (47.3%. Of the 14 ORFs identified on pYe4449-2, only six ORFs showed significant similarity to database entries. For three of these ORFs likely functions could be ascribed: a TnpR-like resolvase and a phage replication protein, localized each on a low C+G island, and DNA primase TraC. Two ORFs of pYe4449-2, ORF3 and ORF7, seem to encode secretable proteins. Epitope-tagging of ORF3 revealed protein expression at 4°C but not at or above 27°C suggesting adaptation to a habitat outside swine. The hypothetical protein encoded by ORF7 is the member of a novel repeat protein family sharing the DxxGN(xnDxxGN motif. Our findings illustrate the exceptional gene pool diversity within the species Y. enterocolitica driven by horizontal gene transfer events.

  15. Near-Earth space hazards and their detection (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 March 2013)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), titled "Near-Earth space hazards and their detection", was held on 27 March 2013 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The agenda posted on the website of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, http://www.gpad.ac.ru, included the following reports: (1) Emel'yanenko V V, Shustov B M (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "The Chelyabinsk event and the asteroid-comet hazard"; (2) Chugai N N (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) "A physical model of the Chelyabinsk event"; (3) Lipunov V M (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow) "MASTER global network of optical monitoring"; (4) Beskin G M (Special Astrophysical Observatory, RAS, Arkhyz, Karachai-Cirkassian Republic) "Wide-field optical monitoring systems with subsecond time resolution for the detection and study of cosmic threats". The expanded papers written on the base of oral reports 1 and 4 are given below. • The Chelyabinsk event and the asteroid-comet hazard, V V Emel'yanenko, B M Shustov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 8, Pages 833-836 • Wide-field subsecond temporal resolution optical monitoring systems for the detection and study of cosmic hazards, G M Beskin, S V Karpov, V L Plokhotnichenko, S F Bondar, A V Perkov, E A Ivanov, E V Katkova, V V Sasyuk, A Shearer Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 8, Pages 836-842

  16. Eyvah saçlarım

    OpenAIRE

    Aladağ, Barış

    2006-01-01

    33 pages Bir gün Celal'e içinde tras makinesi olan bir paket gelir ve kahramanımızın hayatı kellerin dünyasına girmesi ile bastan asağı değisecektir. Film, Cihangir'de bir ev ve sokaktan ibaret olan doğal mekânlarda iki günlük çekim süresi içinde gerçeklestirilmistir. Dijital Video formatında çekilen film gene dijital video formatında gösterilecektir. Hikâye Yaratım Süreci: Senaryo sunma asamasında ilk önce bir berber dükkânında yasanan gerilimi eksen alan farklı bir hikâye ile yola çıkmıs...

  17. Fibre fortification of wheat bread: impact on mineral composition and bioaccessibility.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Zita E; Pinto, Edgar; Almeida, Agostinho A; Pinho, Olívia; Ferreira, Isabel M P L V O

    2017-05-24

    In this work, wheat bread was fortified with fibre enriched extracts recovered from agroindustry by-products, namely, elderberry skin, pulp and seeds (EE); orange peel (OE); pomegranate peel and interior membranes (PE); and spent yeast (YE). The impact of this fortification on the total and bioaccessible mineral composition of wheat breads, estimated mineral daily intake, and the relationship between bioaccessibility and dietary fibre was evaluated. Fortification with OE, EE, and PE improved the content of essential minerals in bread when compared to control bread. The exception was bread fortified with YE, which presented a mineral content similar to control bread, but its mineral bioaccessibility was significantly higher than in all the other bread formulations. The opposite was observed for PE bread, which presented a significant reduction of bioaccessible minerals. We concluded that the origin of the fibre rich extract must be carefully selected, to avoid potential negative impact on mineral bioaccessibility.

  18. Effects of gamma irradiation on the survival of Listeria monocytogenes and on its growth at refrigeration temperature in poultry and red meat

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Gursel, B.; Gurakan, G.C.

    1997-01-01

    Gamma irradiation sensitivity of a strain of Listeria monocytogenes was determined in trypticase soy broth supplemented with yeast extract (TSB-YE), in a slurry of chicken breast meat and in raw ground beef. D10 values in these different media were 0.364, 0.599, and 0.699 kGy, respectively. This organism appeared most sensitive in TSB-YE, more resistant in minced fresh chicken breast meat, and most resistant in fresh minced beef. It was found that irradiation at 2.5 kGy prior to refrigeration is an efficient way for the preservation of meat products contaminated at 10(3) to 10(4) per gram initial load of L. monocytogenes for about 7 d. However, with this initial load, the injured cells might repair themselves and cause a health hazard during storage at 4 C in the presence of air after 7 d

  19. BATI ANADOLU BOUGUER GRAVİTE ANOMALİLERİNİN SÜZGEÇLENMESİ VE YERKABUĞU KALINLIK DAĞILIMININ İNCELENMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    YÜKSEL, Fethi Ahmet

    2005-01-01

    Batı Anadolu Bouguer Gravite haritasının yoruma hazırlanması için iki boyutlu alçak geçişli süzgeçler kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen rejyonal Bouguer gravite anomali haritasından alınan uygun doğrultudaki profillere Talwani yöntemi uygulanarak Batı Anadolu kabuk kalınlığı geometrisi modellenmiştir. Batı Anadolu kabuk kalınlığı kuzeyde Karadeniz sahillerinde ortalama 30 km'den başlayarak Göller Bölgesinde 35-40 km'ye ulaşmakta ve güneyde Akdeniz sahillerinde tekrar 32 km'ye düşerek...

  20. Structure of a pectin methylesterase from Yersinia enterocolitica.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boraston, Alisdair B; Abbott, D Wade

    2012-02-01

    Pectin methylesterases (PMEs) are family 8 carbohydrate esterases (CE8s) which remove the methyl group from methylesterified galacturonic acid (GalA) residues within pectin. Although the role of pectinases such as PMEs within dedicated phytopathogens has been well established, the significance of homologous enzymes found within the genomes of human enteropathogens remains to be determined. Presented here is the low-resolution (3.5 Å) structure of the CE8 from Yersinia enterocolitica (YeCE8). The high degree of structural conservation in the topology of the active-site cleft and catalytic apparatus that is shared with a characterized PME from a bacterial phytopathogen (i) indicates that YeCE8 is active on methylated pectin and (ii) highlights a more prominent role for pectin utilization in Yersinia than in other enteropathogenic species.

  1. RDM Lifetime measurements in ^191Hg using the Gammasphere Plunger

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jin, H.; Kharraja, B.; Garg, U.; Ghugre, S. S.; Carpenter, M. P.; Fischer, S.; Janssens, R. V. F.; Khoo, T. L.; Lauritsen, T.; Nisius, D.; Kaczarowski, R.; Govil, I. M.; Kruecken, R.; Machiavelli, A.; MacLeod, R.

    1998-10-01

    Recoil Distance Lifetime Measurements have been performed for the nucleus ^191Hg at Gammasphere with a view to further investigate the prolate non-collective structure (ɛ2 = 0.1 - 0.15, γ ~= - 120^circ) reported several years ago by D. Ye et al. (D. Ye et al.,) Phys. Lett. B236, 7 (1990) The ^174Yb(^22Ne, 5n) reaction was employed at a beam energy of 120 MeV. In this experiment the new Gammasphere Plunger was used for the first time. Data were collected at 7 distances ranging from 50 μm to 1070 μm. The extracted lifetimes for the level sequence of interest are in the range of ~ 7 ps to 120 ps, leading to transition probabilities that indeed correspond to a non-collective nature.

  2. CHRISTIAN FEASTS AND NATIONAL CUSTOMS - SYMBOLISM AND MEANING

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ivaylo Kostov

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The feast is a kind of compendium from a cultural perspective which united all examples of cultural identity both for a society and community and for each individual. Feast gathers all symbolic archetypes relating to national psychology and by exploring ways in which they are realized, the mechanisms for formation of cultural phenomena can be identified. And with permission to paraphrase the famous biblical dictum "Ye shall know them by their fruits", with a similar moral force and with a certain amount of directionality the phrase "By celebrating the feasts ye shall know them" has sounded. These issues reflect sensibly in art as well, where a great way they reverberate across the society, depicting in tangible creative impulse necessary for any creative implementation.

  3. Strategy Iteration Is Strongly Polynomial for 2-Player Turn-Based Stochastic Games with a Constant Discount Factor

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Dueholm; Miltersen, Peter Bro; Zwick, Uri

    2013-01-01

    Ye [2011] showed recently that the simplex method with Dantzig’s pivoting rule, as well as Howard’s policy iteration algorithm, solve discounted Markov decision processes (MDPs), with a constant discount factor, in strongly polynomial time. More precisely, Ye showed that both algorithms terminate...... terminates after at most O(m1−γ log n1−γ) iterations. Second, and more importantly, we show that the same bound applies to the number of iterations performed by the strategy iteration (or strategy improvement) algorithm, a generalization of Howard’s policy iteration algorithm used for solving 2-player turn-based...... for 2-player turn-based stochastic games; it is strongly polynomial for a fixed discount factor, and exponential otherwise....

  4. “PESTEL Analizi” ile Türkiye-Almanya Ekonomik İlişkilerinin İncelenmesi

    OpenAIRE

    AKÇA, Hasan; ŞAHİN, Levent; KAYA, Zekayi

    2016-01-01

    Bu çalışmanın amacı; Türkiye ve Almanya arasındaki ekonomik ilişkileri PESTEL Analizi ile irdelemektir. Çalışmada ikincil veriler (1924-2015) kullanılmıştır. PESTEL Analizinden elde edilen bazı sonuçlar şu şekilde özetlenebilir. Almanya bir taraftan gelecekte enerji darboğazı çekmemek için enerji koridorunda bulunan Türkiye ile ilişkileri olumlu yönde tutmaya çalışırken; diğer yandan Türkiye’nin AB’ye üyeliğine mesafeli durmaktadır. 1954-2015/Ağustos döneminde Türkiye’ye yatırım yapan toplam ...

  5. AcEST: DK944801 [AcEST

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 1. 5' end sequence. DK944801 - Show DK944801 Clone id YMU02A01NGRL0007_D21 Library YMU02 Length 485 Definiti...on Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA. clone: YMU02A01NGRL0007_D21. 5' end sequence. Accession DK944801 Tissue t... 25:3389-3402. Query= DK944801|Adiantum capillus-veneris mRNA, clone: YMU02A01NGRL0007_D21, 5' (472 letters)...lfolobus solfata... 32 1.8 sp|O13801|YE04_SCHPO Uncharacterized RNA-binding prote...DDPKDTSDYTIDHGLEELEELRKQVFGNDKIVLLGHSYGGALAIAYALKY 129 >sp|O13801|YE04_SCHPO Uncharacterized RNA-binding pro

  6. Differentiation of Yersinia enterocolitica biotype 1A from pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica biotypes by detection of β-glucosidase activity: comparison of two chromogenic culture media and Vitek2.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karhukorpi, Jari; Päivänurmi, Marjut

    2014-01-01

    Aesculin hydrolysis (ESC) is one of the key reactions in differentiating pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica biotypes 1B, 2, 3, 4 and 5 from the less-pathogenic biotype 1A. Because the ESC reaction is caused by β-glucosidase (βGLU) activity of the bacteria, we studied whether two commonly used methods (BBL CHROMagar Orientation and Vitek2 Gram-negative identification card) could be used in assessing βGLU activity of 74 Yersinia strains. Both methods were sensitive (100 % and 97 %) and specific (100 % and 100 %) in differentiating βGLU-positive YE BT1A from βGLU-negative Y. enterocolitica biotypes. For a subset of strains (n = 69), a new selective CHROMagar Yersinia showed excellent agreement with the strains' βGLU activity. Thus all the methods evaluated in this study may be used to differentiate between YE BT1A and other Y. enterocolitica biotypes.

  7. Spór wokół projektu przekształcenia Pensylwanii w kolonię królewską (1764-1765)

    OpenAIRE

    Daszyńska, Jolanta

    1995-01-01

    Wydanie publikacji dofinansowane przez Komitet Badań Naukowych Pennsylvania founded in 1681 was the private colony. It belonged to William Penn and after his death to his heirs. It was one of the most populous and rich colony dominated by Quakers. Both they and many other people according to the charter of privileges had their political and religious rights and liberties. But yet in 1703 W. Penn wanted to sold his colony to the Crown. Some other attemptions were made next ye...

  8. 国語科と英語科におけるメタ文法授業のアクションリサーチ

    OpenAIRE

    秋田, 喜代美; 藤江, 康彦; 斎藤, 兆史; 藤森, 千尋; 三瓶, ゆき; 王, 林鋒; 柾木, 貴之; 濱田, 秀行; 越智, 豊; 田宮, 裕子

    2013-01-01

    The present study examined the impact of newly designed lessons for both Japanese and English language classes. These lessons were designed in order to offer opportunities for students to notice the similarities and differences in grammatical structures of different languages in order to develop their meta-grammatical awareness. Two kinds of lessons were newly designed for English language classes and Chinese classic literature classes taught in Japanese classes, and were used to teach 5th-ye...

  9. Removal of the microorganisms from water. Part 1: Introduction, water-borne disease and the microorganisms involved.

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Duuren, FR

    1967-01-01

    Full Text Available coccosis Infectious hepatitis Lepto. spirosis Paratyphoid fever Poliomye? lids Schistoso miasis Shigellosis Taeniasis and Cysticer cosis Tularemia Typhoid fever Fun gal Wide clinical F. nte nc Intestinal Sub cutaneous Liver... in the spread (this) disease. Forward strides taken since, in sanitation and water ply practice, have all but eliminated the incidence of ~h major water-borne diseases as cholera and typhoid er in the western world. The improvements which ye been effected...

  10. Utilization of baker's yeast (Saccharomyces cerevisiae for the production of yeast extract: effects of different enzymatic treatments on solid, protein and carbohydrate recovery

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    TATJANA VUKASINOVIC MILIC

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Yeast extract (YE was produced from commercial pressed baker's yeast (active and inactivated using two enzymes: papain and lyticase. The effects of enzyme concentration and hydrolysis time on the recovery of solid, protein and carbohydrate were investigated. Autolysis, as a basic method for cell lysis was also used and the results compared. The optimal extraction conditions were investigated. The optimal concentrations of papain and lyticase were found to be 2.5 % and 0.025 %, respectively.

  11. Synthesis, structural and dielectric properties of 0.8PMN–0.2PT ...

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    2017-08-29

    Aug 29, 2017 ... [12] Elissalde C, Ravez J and Gaucher P 1994 Mater. Sci. Eng. B22. 303. [13] Sekar M M A and Halliyal A 1998 J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 81. 380. [14] Park J-H and Kim Y 1998 J. Korean Phys. Soc. 32 S967. [15] Babooram K, Tailor H and Ye Z-G 2004 Ceram. Int. 30 1411. [16] Ghasemifard M, Hosseini S M and ...

  12. Mechanisms of Residual Stress Generation in Mechanical Surface Treatment: the Role of Cyclic Plasticity and Texture

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-08-24

    Abstract This project investigated the response of two aluminium alloys to laser shock peening, studying the effects of hardening response through...Barter, S.A. & Ye, L. 2007, "The effect of laser power density on the fatigue life of laser-shock-peened 7050 aluminium alloy ", Fatigue & Fracture of...Wu, G., Yang, J.M. & Pan, T. 2004, "Laser shock peening on fatigue crack growth behaviour of aluminium alloy ", Fatigue & Fracture of Engineering

  13. Fantasías de nubes al viento: primera ronda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    León de Greiff

    1969-10-01

    Full Text Available Oiga entonces, óye, oíd palabras sin sentido conocido: Las otras son tan huecas si sonoras (dice mi risa como tambor de feria (añejo símil de Perogrullo "profundas", "salomónicas" (torna a decir Mi Risa o Mi Sonrisa. -Tan profundas que no se toca fondo- (símil vetusto asaz, no nada gris, mas sí del buen Monsieur de la Palice...

  14. Financial development and energy consumption nexus in Malaysia: A multivariate time series analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Faridul; Shahbaz, Muhammad; Alam, Mahmudul

    2011-01-01

    Despite a bourgeoning literature on the existence of a long-run relationship between energy consumption and economic growth, the findings have failed to establish clearly the direction of causation. A growing economy needs more energy, which is exacerbated by growing population. Evidence suggests that financial development can reduce overall energy consumption by achieving energy efficiency. Economic growth and energy consumption in Malaysia have been rising in tandem over the past several ye...

  15. Electrochemical and Chemical Complications Resulting from Yeast Extract Addition to Stimulate Microbial Growth

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-22

    including strains of Saccharomyces cerevisiae grown on molasses-based media, debittered brewers yeasts (strains of Saccharo- myces cerevisiae or...RESPONSIBLE PERSON 19b. TELEPHONE NUMBER (Include area code) Technical Note: Electrochemical and Chemical Complications Resulting from Yeast Extract...Addition to Stimulate Microbial Growth Jason S. Lee‡,* and Brenda J. Little* ABSTRACT Addition of 1 g/L yeast extract (YE) to sterile, aerobic

  16. Planifier pour réussir — Le Projet d'interventions essentielles en ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    21 oct. 2011 ... Des femmes veillant tendrement sur les enfants qu'elles portent dans leurs bras sont assises côte à côte sur les bancs de bois à l'entrée de la clinique de Mvomero, petite collectivité rurale de la Tanzanie. À l'intérieur, un professionnel de la santé, Y.E. Kapito, examine doucement un nourrisson afin de ...

  17. Biologically Assembled Quantum Electronic Arrays

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-07

    Koh , Faxian Xiu, Xingchen Ye, Dong-Kyun Ko, Kang L. Wang, Cherie R. Kagan, Christopher B. Murray. Multiscale Periodic Assembly of Striped Nanocrystal...study is the LlM method (See M. T. Raman et al, Applied . Physics L etters 94, 042507, 2009). This method is a type of first-order reversal...Demonstrated graphene field- effect transistor: (top) optical Image of transferred graphene, (middle) Raman spectrum, (bottom) current voltage

  18. The Conference on the Dynamics of Molecular Collisions Held in Oglebay Park, Wheeling, West Virginia on 12-17 July 1987.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-07-17

    Yuhua Guan, Gillian C. Lynch and Donald L. Thompson Department of Chemistry, Oklahoma State University, Stillwater, OK 74078 Classical trajectories...P20 PHOTOFRAGMrTATION OF ALKYL IODIDES -- Photofragmentation Channels and Energy Partitioning of the Fragments Qihe Zhu, Shouling Huang, J.R. Cao , Ye...Chemistry (314) 553-5344 Upton, NY 11973 (516) 282-4348 Dr. William L. Hase Wayne State University Dr. Yuhua Guan 435 Chemistry Department of Chemistry

  19. Protective factors for child development at age 2 in the presence of poor maternal mental health: results from the All Our Babies (AOB) pregnancy cohort

    OpenAIRE

    McDonald, Sheila W; Kehler, Heather L; Tough, Suzanne C

    2016-01-01

    Objective To identify the combination of factors most protective of developmental delay at age 2 among children exposed to poor maternal mental health. Design Observational cohort study. Setting Pregnant women were recruited from primary healthcare offices, the public health laboratory service and community posters in Calgary, Alberta, Canada. Participants 1596 mother?child dyads who participated in the All Our Babies study and who completed a follow-up questionnaire when their child was 2?ye...

  20. Klebsiella pneumoniae nueva Delhi metalo-betalactamasa en el hospital nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú

    OpenAIRE

    Resurrección-Delgado, Cristhian; Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. Médico infectólogo; Montenegro-Idrogo, Juan José; Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. médico residente de Infectología; Chiappe-Gonzalez, Alfredo; Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. Médico infectólogo; Vargas-Gonzales, Renzo; Servicio de Enfermedades Infecciosas y Tropicales, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. Facultad de Medicina. Universidad Nacional Mayor de San Marcos. Lima, Perú. médico residente de Infectología; Cucho-Espinoza, Carolina; Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. médico patólogo clínico; Mamani-Condori, Dick Henry; Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. tecnólogo médico; Huaroto-Valdivia, Luz María; Servicio de Microbiología, Hospital Nacional Dos de Mayo. Lima, Perú. médico patólogo clínico

    2017-01-01

    The emergence of Enterobacteria producing carbapenemases of type New Delhi Metalo beta-lactamases (NDM), represent, today, a real problem of world public health. The presence of this resistance mechanism limits or nullifies the therapeutic options to combat these bacteria. In Latin America, the figures are getting higher, as they are reported in Guatemala, Colombia, Chile, Argentina, among others. Peru has not, to date, described the presence of this resistance pattern; however for several ye...

  1. Outcomes in Lung Cancer: 9-Year Experience From a Tertiary Cancer Center in India

    OpenAIRE

    Aditya Navile Murali; Venkatraman Radhakrishnan; Trivadi S. Ganesan; Rejiv Rajendranath; Prasanth Ganesan; Ganesarajah Selvaluxmy; Rajaraman Swaminathan; Shirley Sundersingh; Arvind Krishnamurthy; Tenali Gnana Sagar

    2017-01-01

    Purpose: Lung cancer is the most common cause of cancer mortality in the world. There are limited studies on survival outcomes of lung cancer in developing countries such as India. This study analyzed the outcomes of patients with lung cancer who underwent treatment at Cancer Institute (WIA), Chennai, India, between 2006 and 2015 to determine survival outcomes and identify prognostic factors. Patients and Methods: In all, 678 patients with lung cancer underwent treatment. Median age was 58 ye...

  2. 78 La pêche artisanale au Sénégal : qualité de la matière première ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    PER/PATS

    Modou DIENG1*, Papa NDIAYE2, Khadim NIANG3, Ndèye Coumba Kane TOURE4 et Mama SAKHO5. 1Laboratoire d'Analyses et d'Essais (LAE), Ecole Supérieure Polytechnique (ESP),. Université Cheikh Anta DIOP (UCAD), Dakar, Senegal. 2Médecine Préventive et Santé Publique (MP/SP), UCAD, Dakar, Senegal.

  3. TECHNOLOGICAL CONTRIBUTIONS OF THE MILITARY ENGINEERING TO THE NATIONAL DEVELOPMENT

    OpenAIRE

    RODRIGO CARO DE KARTZOW

    2018-01-01

    The development of the Chilean military industry is closely related to the growing of the national industry. Similarly to the way the history of the Army and the country are tightly related, the history of the military engineering is an example of organic growth when compared to its civilian counterpart. Collaboration instead of competition is the distinctive seal that best shows the development of weaponry, explosives, cartography and nuclear power. This collaboration have lasted with the ye...

  4. Extraction, modification et caractérisation de lignine de frondes de palmier à huile pour la production d’inhibiteurs de corrosion dans solution d’acidique

    OpenAIRE

    Bin Hussin , Mohd Hazwan

    2014-01-01

    Lignocellulosic biomass in Malaysia can be considered as one of the promising sources of renewable energy. It is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin and best-suited for energy and chemical applications due to its sufficient availability, inexpensive and is sustainable. In general, the production of lignocellulosic biomass in Malaysia was considered high and mainly derived from the palm oil industries (approximately 60 million tonnes of oil palm waste were generated in a ye...

  5. Balding goes trolling? Cross-media amplification of controversy at the 2012 Olympics

    OpenAIRE

    Aslan, Billur; Dennis, James William; O'Loughlin, Ben

    2015-01-01

    Victory by Chinese swimmer Ye Shiwen in the 400 metre individual medley at the London Olympic Games provoked instant and controversial reactions. BBC presenter Clare Balding immediately linked Shiwen to doping. If ‘trolling’ online is the deliberate upsetting of audiences to trigger debate and reflection, was Balding trolling? Her comments triggered trajectories of affective engagement across social and mainstream media, in Britain and internationally, which fed back into BBC coverage. We tra...

  6. possible stimuli for social behaviour in three species of freshwater fish

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    This is larger than the mean of 6,6 mm (range. 6,0-7,1 mm) given by ... The potential adaptive advantages of schooling or clumping are many ... of dummies. In the first instance the live fish were tested. Scm. FIGURE 1. Dummy forms used for studying following reflexes in yeUowfish, carp and bream. R ep rod u ced b y Sa b.

  7. Reference: 291 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 291 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u16244906i Chai Mao-Feng...d chloroplast protection. 4 553-64 16244906 2005 Nov Plant molecular biology An Rui|Chai Mao-Feng|Chen Jia|Chen Qi-Jun|Chen Ye-Miao|Wang Xue-Chen

  8. 2338-IJBCS-Article-El Hadji Malick Ndou

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    El Hadji Malick NDOUR1, Fatou GUEYE TALL1, Anna SARR2,. Papa Madièye GUEYE1, Hélène Ange Thérèse SAGNA 1,. Djibril Mamadou COULIBALY 1, Rokhaya NDIAYE DIALLO 1,. Papa Amadou DIOP 1, Philomène LOPEZ SALL 1 et Aynina CISSE 1*. 1Laboratoire de Biochimie Pharmaceutique, Faculté de Médecine ...

  9. Oil intensities and oil prices : evidence for Latin America

    OpenAIRE

    Alaimo, Veronica; Lopez, Humberto

    2008-01-01

    Crude oil prices have dramatically increased over the past years and are now at a historical maximum in nominal terms and very close to it in real terms. It is difficult to argue, at least for net oil importers, that higher oil prices have a positive impact on welfare. In fact, the negative relationship between oil prices and economic activity has been well documented in the literature. Ye...

  10. Application of a Shallow Neural Network to Short-Term Stock Trading

    OpenAIRE

    Madahar, Abhinav; Ma, Yuze; Patel, Kunal

    2017-01-01

    Machine learning is increasingly prevalent in stock market trading. Though neural networks have seen success in computer vision and natural language processing, they have not been as useful in stock market trading. To demonstrate the applicability of a neural network in stock trading, we made a single-layer neural network that recommends buying or selling shares of a stock by comparing the highest high of 10 consecutive days with that of the next 10 days, a process repeated for the stock's ye...

  11. Interferon Antagonism as a Common Virulence Factor of Hemorrhagic Fever Viruses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-02-01

    of hSRP1 gamma, a tissue-specific nuclear transport factor. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 95:582-7. 18. Prescott , J., C. Ye, G. Sen, and B. Hjelle. 2005...1Department of Microbiology 2Department of Medicine, Division of Infectious Diseases 3Emerging Pathogens Institute Mount Sinai School of Medicine, New...York, NY 10029, USA 4Department of Pathology and Immunology, Department of Molecular Microbiology 5Department of Medicine Washington University

  12. Hantaan Virus Nucleocapsid Protein Binds to Importin alpha Proteins and Inhibits Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha-Induced Activation of Nuclear Factor Kappa B

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-11-19

    Microbiology . All Rights Reserved. Hantaan Virus Nucleocapsid Protein Binds to Importin Proteins and Inhibits Tumor Necrosis Factor Alpha-Induced...Division, U.S. Army Medical Research Institute of Infectious Diseases, Fort Detrick, Maryland 21702,1 and Department of Microbiology , Mount Sinai...34–36. 32. Prescott , J., C. Ye, G. Sen, and B. Hjelle. 2005. Induction of innate immune response genes by Sin Nombre hantavirus does not require

  13. Mixed-Integer Nonconvex Quadratic Optimization Relaxations and Performance Analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-10-11

    stationary point. These results are the state of art in complexity analysis of non-convex optimization. “Complexity of Unconstrained L2-Lp Minimization...Parameter Optimized Radiation Therapy ( SPORT )” (M Zarepisheh, Y Ye, S Boyd, R Li, L Xing), Medical Physics 41(6) (2014) 292-292. Station parameter...optimized radiation therapy ( SPORT ) was recently proposed to fully utilize the technical capability of emerging digital linear accelerators, in

  14. Astragalus polysaccharides protect cardiac stem and progenitor cells by the inhibition of oxidative stress-mediated apoptosis in diabetic hearts

    OpenAIRE

    Chen,Wei; Ju,Jing; Yang,Yehong; Wang,Hao; Chen,Wenjie; Zhao,Xuelan; Ye,Hongying; Zhang,Yu

    2018-01-01

    Wei Chen,1 Jing Ju,1 Yehong Yang,2 Hao Wang,3 Wenjie Chen,1 Xuelan Zhao,1 Hongying Ye,2 Yu Zhang1 1Department of Geriatrics, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 2Department of Endocrinology, Huashan Hospital, Fudan University, Shanghai, China; 3Core Center of Animal Facility, School of Medicine, Fudan University, Shanghai, China Introduction: Diabetic cardiomyopathy is characterized by an imbalance between myocyte death and regeneration mediated by the progressive loss of c...

  15. Nuclear/High Energy Physics (NuHEP) research center of excellence

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    1994-01-01

    This report contains the manuscripts from the proceedings of the third annual Undergraduate Institute in Physics Program. The titles of these manuscripts are: flow measurements for the hall c cryogenic target loops; calibrations for the hall c drift chambers gas mixing system; the electromagnetic structure of the nucleon; investigation of drift chambers in hall c at CEBAF; seek and ye shall find; commissioning techniques; and instruments used in particle detection

  16. Facial skin pores: a multiethnic study

    OpenAIRE

    Flament, Frederic; Francois,Ghislain; Qiu,Huixia; Ye,Chengda; Hanaya,Tomoo; Batisse,Dominique; Cointereau-Chardon,Suzy; Seixas,Mirela Donato Gianeti; Dal Belo,Susi Elaine; Bazin,Roland

    2015-01-01

    Frederic Flament,1 Ghislain Francois,1 Huixia Qiu,2 Chengda Ye,2 Tomoo Hanaya,3 Dominique Batisse,3 Suzy Cointereau-Chardon,1 Mirela Donato Gianeti Seixas,4 Susi Elaine Dal Belo,4 Roland Bazin5 1Department of Applied Research and Development, L’Oreal Research and Innovation, Paris, France; 2Department of Applied Research and Development, L’Oreal Research and Innovation, Shanghai, People’s Republic of China; 3Department of Applied Research and Development, L&r...

  17. USSR and Eastern Europe Scientific Abstracts Biomedical and Behavioral Sciences No. 61

    Science.gov (United States)

    1977-01-05

    castrated spikes of the maternal form under parchment in- sulators. However, results indicated that the probability of producing forms with high spike...Oct 76 p 7 [Abstract] A factory which produces a protein dietary supplement for cattle is described. The plant uses six extruders and two serial...construction at large cattle farms. 2/2 USSR UDC 725.42:636 SAZONOV, YE., Chief Mechanical Specialist, Ural All-Union State Institute for the Planning

  18. Ute Unit: Study Guide and Follow Up Activities.

    Science.gov (United States)

    North Conejos School District, Capulin, CO.

    The study guide and follow-up activities were designed primarily to give students a feeling of Ute life in the San Luis Valley in Colorado. The unit begins with six Southern Ute stories about the wolf and coyote, the race between the skunk and the coyote, the frog and the eagle, why the frog croaks, the bear (Que Ye Qat), and the two Indian…

  19. Scalp and Body Acupuncture for Treatment of Senile Insomnia-A Report of 83 Cases

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    卢泽强

    2002-01-01

    @@ The author has in recent years treated 83 cases of senile insomnia with scalp and body acupuncture. Meanwhile, 35 cases in the control group were treated with western and Chinese drugs. The therapeutic results in the treatment group were superior to that of nitrazapam and An Shen Bu Nao Ye (安神补脑液Sedative and Brain-invigorating Fluid) used in the control group. A report of the treatment follows.

  20. Combinatorial Synthesis for the Expedited Discovery of Novel Selective Antiestrogens for Breast Cancer Prevention and Therapy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2001-09-01

    From the Original Proposal Estrogens: H H OH COH CH0 HQ ~ HHo QH HHO ’ OH3 HAOH 3 H Estradiol Hexestrol Benzestrol Cyclofenil Y~e Pure Antiestrogens...overlapping s, fl-CH 2), 4.95 (2H, PS-ArCH 20), 5.16 emission wavelength of 364 nm were used, based on the (1H, cx/cx’-CH), 7.98 (4H, ArCH

  1. The ability of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure and predict all-cause mortality is higher in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease patients with chronic kidney disease

    OpenAIRE

    Fu, Shihui; Yi,Shuangyan; Liu,Yuan; Zhu,Bing; Wang,Liang; Tiehui Xiao,; Bai,Yongyi; Ye,Ping; Luo,Leiming

    2013-01-01

    Shihui Fu, Leiming Luo, Ping Ye, Shuangyan Yi, Yuan Liu, Bing Zhu, Liang Wang, Tiehui Xiao, Yongyi Bai Department of Geriatric Cardiology, Chinese PLA General Hospital, Beijing, People's Republic of China Objective: To analyze the relationship between N-terminal pro-brain natriuretic peptide (NT-proBNP) and renal function, and compare the ability and cut-off thresholds of NT-proBNP to detect chronic heart failure (CHF) and predict mortality in elderly Chinese coronary artery disease ...

  2. Clinical characteristics of childhood asthmatics in Johannesburg

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    8utland 8, King S, Vaughan-WllIlams E. Changes in asthma prevalence: two surveys 15 Ye31'S apart. AIl;h Dis Child 1989: 64, 1452-1456. 2. Ninan TK. Russell G. Respiratory symptoms and atopy 10 Aberdeell schoolChildren: ellidence from two SlJrveys 25 years apart. BMJ 1992: 304: 873·875. 3. Robertson CF, Heycock ...

  3. Mindfulness-based program for management of aggression among youth: A follow-up study

    OpenAIRE

    Manoj Kumar Sharma; Mahendra P Sharma; P Marimuthu

    2016-01-01

    Background: Youth have shown indulgence in various high-risk behaviors and violent activities. Yoga-based approaches have been used for the management of psychological problems. The present work explores the role of mindfulness-based program in the management of aggression among youth. Materials and Methods: Sociodemographic information schedule, Buss-Perry Aggression Questionnaire, and World Health Organization quality of life were administered on 50 subjects in the age range of 18-25 ye...

  4. Electrorheological (ER) Fluids: A Research Needs Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-05-01

    is given as line (g). Experimental results a correspond to polyaniline in silicone oil, e.c•,=36 (Gow 1990); * hollow silica spheres in corn oil ye...Malishauskas, 1981) (Fig. 18b). In Minsk, we have designed a new model of a screw valve (Shulman, 1978b). Its electrodes are fabricated in the form of...Takimoto, both of whom were very gracious. Dr. Takimoto is primarily involved in ER research. I was not shown any facilities while there, primarily

  5. Database Security: A Historical Perspective

    OpenAIRE

    Lesov, Paul

    2010-01-01

    The importance of security in database research has greatly increased over the years as most of critical functionality of the business and military enterprises became digitized. Database is an integral part of any information system and they often hold sensitive data. The security of the data depends on physical security, OS security and DBMS security. Database security can be compromised by obtaining sensitive data, changing data or degrading availability of the database. Over the last 30 ye...

  6. Consequences of the African Diaspora on Nutrition

    OpenAIRE

    Okonkwo, Sharon K.

    2002-01-01

    African-Americans, Afro-Carribeans and other children of the African diaspora continue to fare worse in many health measures of diet, nutrition, morbidity and mortality. What are some of the nutritional basis of such an outcome? What factors exist in the diet of these groups of people that have prevented them from obtaining the health outcomes of their predecessors? The African Diaspora is responsible for a huge transformation and translocation of millions of Africans during a four hundred ye...

  7. Comparison of Aorta-sacral Promontory Distance with Age and BMI in Female Patients Undergoing CT

    OpenAIRE

    Sneha Mary Varghese; Suresh Sukumar; Abhimanyu Pradhan

    2017-01-01

    Introduction: Sacral colpopexy is the gold standard procedure for pelvic organ prolapse. During sacral colpopexy, various complications such as haemorrhage can occur. Careful dissection of presacral space is essential to minimize complications. Aim: The aim of the study was to compare patient age and Body Mass Index (BMI) with Computed Tomography (CT) measured aorta-sacral promontory distance. Materials and Methods: From 172 samples data such as age and BMI of female patients aged 18 ye...

  8. Soviet Muslim Emigres in the Republic of Turkey

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-05-01

    traditional cuisine , proverbs and dances, great national heroes (abreks, Sheik Shamil and Imam Mansur etc) necrologies, poetry, short stories and...sv ye Cin Arasinda tTurkistan, Between Russia and Chinal Istanbul: Otaj Yayinevi, -1975. 437 pp. Treats Russian and Chinese intervention in Turkistan...Yeni Kitap, Basunevi (undated). 72 pp. Recollections of Hap* Perpi Ozgen. Chronicles his struggles against Russian and Chinese imperialism (author

  9. Adopting a blended learning approach to teaching evidence based medicine: a mixed methods study

    OpenAIRE

    Ilic, Dragan; Hart, William; Fiddes, Patrick; Misso, Marie; Villanueva, Elmer

    2013-01-01

    Background Evidence Based Medicine (EBM) is a core unit delivered across many medical schools. Few studies have investigated the most effective method of teaching a course in EBM to medical students. The objective of this study was to identify whether a blended-learning approach to teaching EBM is more effective a didactic-based approach at increasing medical student competency in EBM. Methods A mixed-methods study was conducted consisting of a controlled trial and focus groups with second ye...

  10. Computing Cumulative Interest and Principal Paid For a Calendar Year

    OpenAIRE

    John O. MASON

    2011-01-01

    This paper demonstrates how easy it is use Microsoft Excel’s CUMPRINC and CUMIPMT functions to compute principal and interest paid for an entire year, even though the payments were made monthly. The CUMPRINC function computes the principal paid by a series of loan payments; the CUMIPMT function computes the interest paid. These two functions provide an alternative to preparing a monthly loan amortization schedule and adding up the amounts of monthly interest paid and principal paid for the ye...

  11. Impact of Wetland Decline on Decreasing Dissolved Organic Carbon Concentrations along the Mississippi River Continuum

    OpenAIRE

    Duan, Shuiwang; He, Yuxiang; Kaushal, Sujay S.; Bianchi, Thomas S.; Ward, Nicholas D.; Guo, Laodong

    2017-01-01

    Prior to discharging to the ocean, large rivers constantly receive inputs of dissolved organic carbon (DOC) from tributaries or fringing floodplains and lose DOC via continuous in situ processing along distances that span thousands of kilometers. Current concepts predicting longitudinal changes in DOC mainly focus on in situ processing or exchange with fringing floodplain wetlands, while effects of heterogeneous watershed characteristics are generally ignored. We analyzed results from a 17-ye...

  12. Effect of Nutritional Intervention on Food Choices of French Students in Middle School Cafeterias, Using an Interactive Educational Software Program (Nutri-Advice)

    OpenAIRE

    Turnin , Marie-Christine; Buisson , Jean-Christophe; Ahluwalia , Namanjeet; Cazals , Laurent; Bolzonella-Pene , Caroline; Fouquet-Martineau , Caroline; Martini , Pascale; Tauber , Maïté; Hanaire , Hélène

    2016-01-01

    International audience; Objective : To evaluate the impact of interactive Nutri-Advice kiosks on children's nutritional skills and their ability to apply it to food choices in a middle school cafeteria menu (food choice competencies). Design : Quasi-experimental design; pre/post-test. Setting : Freestanding interactive computer terminals (kiosks) were installed in three middle schools in Toulouse, France. Participants : A total of 580 children were enrolled into the study (mean age, 13 ± 1 ye...

  13. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments Number 53, May-June 1981.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-07-20

    ATPLB) Acta physica polonica CCF (CKCFA) Ceskoslovensky casopis pro fysiku DAN Az (DAZRA) Akademiya nauk Azerbaydzhanskoy SSR. Dokiady DAN B (DBLRA...holograms. Acta technika CSAV, no. 1, 1981, 117-133. (RZhRadiot, 6/81, 6Ye4ll) 529. Mirovitskiy, D.I. (0). Problems in microwave holographic...promyshlennost’ Otkr izobr (OIPOV) Otkrytiya, izobreteniya, promyshlennyye obraztsy, tovarnyye znaki PSS (PSSAB) Physica Status Solidi (A). Applied Research

  14. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 48 July-August 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-07-01

    80, 8Ye4) IV. SOURCE ABBREVIATIONS (CIRC Codens) APP (ATPLB) Acta physica polonica * BWAT (BWATA) Biuletyn Wojskowej akademji technicznej J...Ois (OPSPA) Optika i spektroskopiya OMP (OPMPA) Optlko-mekhanicheskax’a promysh lennost’ PSS (PSSAB) Physica Status Solidi (A). Applied Research PTE...Dinamika izluchayushchego gaza. no. 3, Moskva, 1980. Sb23 Acta Universitatis Palackianae Olomucensis. Facultas rerum naturalium. v. 61, Olomouc, 1979

  15. Tanzania | Page 12 | IDRC - International Development Research ...

    International Development Research Centre (IDRC) Digital Library (Canada)

    It is 2002. Parents and babies wait patiently to see the community health worker in Mvomero, Tanzania. “People have faith in the services. They are treated well and diagnosed properly,” says Samuel Hassain, here with his sick grandson. Health worker Y.E. Kapito marvels that “it has been six to eight months since I heard of ...

  16. THE GREAT DESCENT CONTINUES

    CERN Document Server

        With precise coordination YE+1 was lowered into the cavern (9-Jan), soon joined by the ?rst barrel wheel YB+2 (19-Jan), then YB+1(4-Feb) and HB+ (13-Feb). The 1920 ton central barrel wheel YB0 rests brie?y on the pit-head cover in anticipation of a monumental descent (28-Feb) that will also trigger an intense campaign of installation of services and detectors underground.  

  17. Balloon Dilation of Sinus Ostia in the Department of Defense: Diagnoses, Actual Indications, and Outcomes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-05-18

    NECESSARY CHANGES· JZNO 0 YES If ye~ . 91vc U~lc G NIA ·- 27. COW.~E1𔃻 S ~ flf’PROVED 0 OISAPflROVEO -n~ ~o.- .... ~~~+ ea ctfF~. - 2h PRl1’ TEO t/Af.IF...Aug;28(4):323-9. 4. Chandra RK, Kem RC, Cutler JL, Welch KC , Russell PT. REMODEL larger cohort with long-tenn outcomes and meta-analysis of

  18. Entrepreneurs and business networks in contemporary Andalucia

    OpenAIRE

    Garrués Irurzun, Joseán; Rubio Mondéjar, Juan; Hernández Armenteros, Salvador

    2018-01-01

    In recent years there has been renewed interest toward the entrepreneur and its role in economic development. In the case of Spain, but especially in the less developed regions such as Andalusia, the entrepreneur has been identified as responsible for economic backwardness. This paper is an approach to the long-term study of Andalusian entrepreneurship. We have applied the methodology of social network analysis to the documentation of incorporation contained in official records between the ye...

  19. Calculated and Observed Speeds of Cavitation About Two- and Three- Dimensional Bodies in Water

    Science.gov (United States)

    1942-11-01

    yE1l0.044po ellipse of - 36 (1 - Y) 6 0 .l.Olxx 0(y) L . 6.54 Porabolo Elipe em - Cicl Y ,11p f. 2 1 - fal: Figure 1 ScinofCylinders and Bodies of...Propellers,* by E.Z. Stowell and A.F. Deming , BACA Report 526, 1935. (2) "Flow about a Pair of Adjacent, Parallel Cylinders Normal to a Stream, Theoretical

  20. A Review of Emerging Technologies for the Detection and Diagnosis of Dental Caries

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-06-01

    i A REVIEW OF EMERGING TECHNOLOGIES FOR DETECTON AND DIAGNOSIS OF DENTAL CARIES by Walter B. Volinski Jr. Lieutenant... CARIES WALTER B. VOLINSKI JR. DDS, COMPREHENSIVE DEPARTMENT, 2016 Thesis directed by: Ling Ye, DDS, PhD LCDR, DC, USN Department of Dental...diagnosis of dental caries and to compare their efficacy and accuracy to visual, tactile, and radiographic examination. Methods: The technologies reviewed

  1. Progress on CMS detector lowering

    CERN Multimedia

    2006-01-01

    It was an amazing engineering challenge - the lowering of the first hugeendcap disc (YE+3) of the CMS detector slowly and carefully 100 metres underground. The spectacular descent took place on 30 November and was documented by a film crew from Reuters news group. The uniquely shaped slice is 16 m high, about 50 cm thick, and weighs 400 tonnes. It is one of 15 sections that make up the complete CMS detector. The solid steel structure of the disc forms part of the magnet return yoke and is equipped on both sides with muon chambers. A special gantry crane lowered the element, with just 20 cm of leeway between the edges of the detector and the walls of the shaft! On 12 December, a further section of the detector (YE+2) containing the cathode strip chamber made the 10-hour journey underground. This piece is 16 m high and weighs 880 tonnes. There are now four sections of the detector in the experimental cavern, with a further 11 to follow. The endcap disc YE+3 (seen in the foreground) begins its journey down the ...

  2. An Experimental Validated Control Strategy of Maglev Vehicle-Bridge Self-Excited Vibration

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lianchun Wang

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available This study discusses an experimentally validated control strategy of maglev vehicle-bridge vibration, which degrades the stability of the suspension control, deteriorates the ride comfort, and limits the cost of the magnetic levitation system. First, a comparison between the current-loop and magnetic flux feedback is carried out and a minimum model including flexible bridge and electromagnetic levitation system is proposed. Then, advantages and disadvantages of the traditional feedback architecture with the displacement feedback of electromagnet yE and bridge yB in pairs are explored. The results indicate that removing the feedback of the bridge’s displacement yB from the pairs (yE − yB measured by the eddy-current sensor is beneficial for the passivity of the levitation system and the control of the self-excited vibration. In this situation, the signal acquisition of the electromagnet’s displacement yE is discussed for the engineering application. Finally, to validate the effectiveness of the aforementioned control strategy, numerical validations are carried out and the experimental data are provided and analyzed.

  3. Wrestling: An Integral Part of Iranian Fighting Arts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manouchehr Moshtagh Khorasani

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Wrestling played and has been playing a very important role in Iranian cultural heritage. First, the present article discusses the terms and different uses of wrestling techniques be it in unarmed duels or in combination with weapons. Then, three relevant manuscripts will be analyzed such as an untitled wrestling manuscript by an anonymous author from the period of Šāh Esmāil Safavid (1502-1524 C.E., the manuscript Tumār-e Puryā-ye Vali also written by an anonymous author during the Safavid period (1502-1722 C.E. and the work by a famous poet named Mirnejāt with the title Masnavi-ye Golkošti-ye Mirnejāt that was written towards the end of the period of Šāh Soleymān Safavid (1666-1694 C.E. or the beginning of the period of Šāh Soltān Hosseyn Safavid (1694-1722 C.E.. Based on some terms and descriptions of the techniques found in these manuscripts, it is possible to appreciate how traditional forms of wrestling in Iran have preserved some of these techniques.

  4. TECHNICAL COORDINATION,SCHEDULE AND INTEGRATION

    CERN Document Server

    A. Ball

    A pivotal milestone in CMS underground installation will be reached during this CMS week when the 1920 ton central wheel (YB0) of the iron yoke is lowered into the experimental cavern on Wednesday 28 February. This milestone will be reached on the on the date planned due to the hard work and dedication of many people, on the surface, underground and at supporting sites. Details of the programme for 28 February, visit opportunities and progress updates, can be found on the TC web pages on iCMS. http://cms.cern.ch/iCMS/jsp/page.jsp?mode=cms&ac-tion=url&urlkey=CMS_TC Heavy lowering The build-up to the above event started shortly after the December CMS week, when the YE+2 endcap disk was safely lowered into the cavern, followed by the YE+1 on January 9. The lowering of YE+1 was the most complicated so far because, due to the calorimetry nose, the centre of gravity lies outside the plane of the disk. However, after 10 hours it touched-down safely without any problems. On Jan. 19 the first barrel wheel ...

  5. Fine mapping and candidate gene prediction of a pleiotropic quantitative trait locus for yield-related trait in Zea mays.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ruixiang Liu

    Full Text Available The yield of maize grain is a highly complex quantitative trait that is controlled by multiple quantitative trait loci (QTLs with small effects, and is frequently influenced by multiple genetic and environmental factors. Thus, it is challenging to clone a QTL for grain yield in the maize genome. Previously, we identified a major QTL, qKNPR6, for kernel number per row (KNPR across multiple environments, and developed two nearly isogenic lines, SL57-6 and Ye478, which differ only in the allelic constitution at the short segment harboring the QTL. Recently, qKNPR6 was re-evaluated in segregating populations derived from SL57-6×Ye478, and was narrowed down to a 2.8 cM interval, which explained 56.3% of the phenotypic variance of KNPR in 201 F(2∶3 families. The QTL simultaneously affected ear length, kernel weight and grain yield. Furthermore, a large F(2 population with more than 12,800 plants, 191 recombinant chromosomes and 10 overlapping recombinant lines placed qKNPR6 into a 0.91 cM interval corresponding to 198Kb of the B73 reference genome. In this region, six genes with expressed sequence tag (EST evidence were annotated. The expression pattern and DNA diversity of the six genes were assayed in Ye478 and SL57-6. The possible candidate gene and the pathway involved in inflorescence development were discussed.

  6. Measurements of inner-shell characteristic X-ray yields of thick W, Mo and Zr targets by low-energy electron impact and comparison with Monte Carlo simulations

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Li, X.L.; Zhao, J.L.; Tian, L.X.; An, Z.; Zhu, J.J.; Liu, M.T.

    2014-01-01

    Highlights: •We measured characteristic X-ray yields of thick W, Mo, Zr by 5–29 keV electrons. •Our measured data are in general in good agreement with the MC results with ∼10%. •Error of 10% of characteristic X-ray yields will produce errors of 2–7% for BIXS. -- Abstract: Inner-shell characteristic X-ray yields are one of the important ingredients in the β-ray induced X-ray spectrometry (BIXS) technique which can be used to perform tritium content and depth distribution analyses in plasma facing materials (PLMs) and other tritium-containing materials, such as W, Mo, Zr. In this paper, the measurements of K, L, M-shell X-ray yields Y(E) of pure thick W (Z = 74), Mo (Z = 42) and Zr (Z = 40) element targets produced by electron impact in the energy range of 5–29 keV are presented. The experimental data for Y(E) are compared with the corresponding predictions from Monte Carlo (MC) calculations using the general purpose MC code PENELOPE. In general, a good agreement is obtained between the experiment and the MC calculations for the variation of Y(E) with the impact energy both in shape and in magnitude with ∼10%. The effect of uncertainty of inner-shell characteristic X-ray yields on the BIXS technique is also discussed

  7. Open fermentative production of L-lactic acid with high optical purity by thermophilic Bacillus coagulans using excess sludge as nutrient.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Kedong; Maeda, Toshinari; You, Huiyan; Shirai, Yoshihito

    2014-01-01

    The development of a low-cost polymer-grade L-lactic acid production process was achieved in this study. Excess sludge hydrolyzate (ESH) was chosen as nutrient source for the objective of reducing nutrient cost in lactic acid production. 1% of ESH had high performance in lactic acid production relative to 2g/l yeast extract (YE) while the production cost of ESH was much lower than that of YE, indicating ESH was a promising substitute of YE. By employing a thermophilic strain of Bacillus coagulans (NBRC 12583), non-sterilized batch and repeated batch L-lactic acid fermentation was successfully performed, and the optical purity of L-lactic acid accumulated was more than 99%. Moreover, the factors associated with cell growth and lactic acid fermentation was investigated through a two-stage lactic acid production strategy. Oxygen played an important role in cell growth, and the optimal condition for cell growth and fermentation was pH 7.0 and 50°C. Copyright © 2013 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  8. MUON DETECTORS: CSC

    CERN Document Server

    R. Breedon

    2010-01-01

    Toward the end of last year, a few water leaks, one of them severe, were discovered in the endcap cooling system on the YE1 disks that not only services the cathode strip chambers, but also the endcap resistive plate chambers, electromagnetic calorimeter, and disks. The problem was traced to a bushing adaptor present on each return line that in some cases had been over-tightened. There were close to 400 such bushings on all the endcap disks that could potentially cause a leak. Most of these are inaccessible to fix or valve off when CMS is closed, so a future leak could require shutting down an entire disk. It was therefore decided to open CMS during the December shutdown and replace all the bushing assemblies on the YE1 disks with swivel fittings that do  not have this potential problem. From 8 to 22 January, 6 technicians from the Polish ZEC company and 2 engineers from the Physical Sciences Laboratory in Wisconsin not only made the replacements on YE1, but on all the other endcap disks as well. ...

  9. The Structural Basis of Exopolygalacturonase Activity in a Family 28 Glycoside Hydrolase

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Abbott,D.; Boraston, A.

    2007-01-01

    Family 28 glycoside hydrolases (polygalacturonases) are found in organisms across the plant, fungal and bacterial kingdoms, where they are central to diverse biological functions such as fruit ripening, biomass recycling and plant pathogenesis. The structures of several polygalacturonases have been reported; however, all of these enzymes utilize an endo-mode of digestion, which generates a spectrum of oligosaccharide products with varying degrees of polymerization. The structure of a complementary exo-acting polygalacturonase and an accompanying explanation of the molecular determinants for its specialized activity have been noticeably lacking. We present the structure of an exopolygalacturonase from Yersinia enterocolitica, YeGH28 in a native form (solved to 2.19 {angstrom} resolution) and a digalacturonic acid product complex (solved to 2.10 {angstrom} resolution). The activity of YeGH28 is due to inserted stretches of amino acid residues that transform the active site from the open-ended channel observed in the endopolygalacturonases to a closed pocket that restricts the enzyme to the exclusive attack of the non-reducing end of oligogalacturonide substrates. In addition, YeGH28 possesses a fused FN3 domain with unknown function, the first such structure described in pectin active enzymes.

  10. The effect of waaL genes deletion from Yersinia enterocolitica O:3 genome on bacteria LPS’ phenotype

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shevchenko J. I.

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Aim. To estimate WaaL ligase contribution in the lipopolysaccharide (LPS phenotype profile formation of Y. enterocolitica O:3 (YeO3 bacteria. Methods. The waaL-knock-out mutants were created by an allelic exchange strategy. The LPS phenotypes of created mutants were visualized by silver-stained DOC-PAGE and immunoblotting with specific outer core (core oligosaccharide, hexasaccharide, OC and O-polysaccharide (OPS or O-Ag monoclonal antibodies. Results. Deletion of waaLOS gene from YeO3 genome has a marked effect on OC ligation in either single or double mutants. The waaLPS deletion has an opposite effect on the OPS ligation – barely detected increasing of OPS bands. Conclusions. The LPS ligases of YeO3 exhibit relaxed donor substrate specificity. Under given conditions the effect of WaaLOS ligase is more significant for OC and OPS ligation onto lipid A than that of WaaLPS.

  11. 'Poker' association of weekly alternating 5-fluorouracil, irinotecan, bevacizumab and oxaliplatin (FIr-B/FOx) in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal cancer: a phase II study

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Bruera, Gemma; Ficorella, Corrado; Ricevuto, Enrico; Santomaggio, Alessandra; Cannita, Katia; Baldi, Paola Lanfiuti; Tudini, Marianna; De Galitiis, Federica; Mancini, Maria; Marchetti, Paolo; Antonucci, Adelmo

    2010-01-01

    This phase II study investigated efficacy and safety of weekly alternating Bevacizumab (BEV)/Irinotecan (CPT-11) or Oxaliplatin (OHP) associated to weekly 5-Fluorouracil (5-FU) in first line treatment of metastatic colorectal carcinoma (MCRC). Simon two-step design: delta 20% (p 0 50%, p 1 70%), power 80%, α 5%, β 20%. Projected objective responses (ORR): I step, 8/15 patients (pts); II step 26/43 pts. Schedule: weekly 12 h-timed-flat-infusion/5-FU 900 mg/m 2 , days 1-2, 8-9, 15-16, 22-23; CPT-11 160 mg/m 2 plus BEV 5 mg/kg, days 1,15; OHP at three dose-levels, 60-70-80 mg/m 2 , days 8, 22; every 4 weeks. Fifty consecutive, unselected pts < 75 years were enrolled: median age 63; young-elderly (yE) 24 (48%); liver metastases (LM) 33 pts, 66% Achieved OHP recommended dose, 80 mg/m 2 . ORR 82% intent-to-treat and 84% as-treated analysis. Median progression-free survival 12 months. Equivalent efficacy was obtained in yE pts. Liver metastasectomies were performed in 26% of all pts and in 39% of pts with LM. After a median follow-up of 21 months, median overall survival was 28 months. Cumulative G3-4 toxicities per patient: diarrhea 28%, mucositis 6%, neutropenia 10%, hypertension 2%. They were equivalent in yE pts. Limiting toxicity syndromes (LTS), consisting of the dose-limiting toxicity, associated or not to G2 or limiting toxicities: 44% overall, 46% in yE. Multiple versus single site LTS, respectively: overall, 24% versus 20%; yE pts, 37.5% versus 8%. Poker combination shows high activity and efficacy in first line treatment of MCRC. It increases liver metastasectomies rate and can be safely administered. Osservatorio Nazionale sulla Sperimentazione Clinica dei Medicinali (OsSC) Agenzia Italiana del Farmaco (AIFA) Numero EudraCT 2007-004946-34

  12. Identification and classification of genes regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase- and TRKB-mediated signalling pathways during neuronal differentiation in two subtypes of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sakaki Yoshiyuki

    2008-10-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background SH-SY5Y cells exhibit a neuronal phenotype when treated with all-trans retinoic acid (RA, but the molecular mechanism of activation in the signalling pathway mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K is unclear. To investigate this mechanism, we compared the gene expression profiles in SK-N-SH cells and two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells (SH-SY5Y-A and SH-SY5Y-E, each of which show a different phenotype during RA-mediated differentiation. Findings SH-SY5Y-A cells differentiated in the presence of RA, whereas RA-treated SH-SY5Y-E cells required additional treatment with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF for full differentiation. After exposing cells to a PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, we identified 386 genes and categorised these genes into two clusters dependent on the PI3K signalling pathway during RA-mediated differentiation in SH-SY5Y-A cells. Transcriptional regulation of the gene cluster, including 158 neural genes, was greatly reduced in SK-N-SH cells and partially impaired in SH-SY5Y-E cells, which is consistent with a defect in the neuronal phenotype of these cells. Additional stimulation with BDNF induced a set of neural genes that were down-regulated in RA-treated SH-SY5Y-E cells but were abundant in differentiated SH-SY5Y-A cells. Conclusion We identified gene clusters controlled by PI3K- and TRKB-mediated signalling pathways during the differentiation of two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells. The TRKB-mediated bypass pathway compensates for impaired neural function generated by defects in several signalling pathways, including PI3K in SH-SY5Y-E cells. Our expression profiling data will be useful for further elucidation of the signal transduction-transcriptional network involving PI3K or TRKB.

  13. Identification and classification of genes regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase- and TRKB-mediated signalling pathways during neuronal differentiation in two subtypes of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nishida, Yuichiro; Adati, Naoki; Ozawa, Ritsuko; Maeda, Aasami; Sakaki, Yoshiyuki; Takeda, Tadayuki

    2008-10-28

    SH-SY5Y cells exhibit a neuronal phenotype when treated with all-trans retinoic acid (RA), but the molecular mechanism of activation in the signalling pathway mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is unclear. To investigate this mechanism, we compared the gene expression profiles in SK-N-SH cells and two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells (SH-SY5Y-A and SH-SY5Y-E), each of which show a different phenotype during RA-mediated differentiation. SH-SY5Y-A cells differentiated in the presence of RA, whereas RA-treated SH-SY5Y-E cells required additional treatment with brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) for full differentiation. After exposing cells to a PI3K inhibitor, LY294002, we identified 386 genes and categorised these genes into two clusters dependent on the PI3K signalling pathway during RA-mediated differentiation in SH-SY5Y-A cells. Transcriptional regulation of the gene cluster, including 158 neural genes, was greatly reduced in SK-N-SH cells and partially impaired in SH-SY5Y-E cells, which is consistent with a defect in the neuronal phenotype of these cells. Additional stimulation with BDNF induced a set of neural genes that were down-regulated in RA-treated SH-SY5Y-E cells but were abundant in differentiated SH-SY5Y-A cells. We identified gene clusters controlled by PI3K- and TRKB-mediated signalling pathways during the differentiation of two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells. The TRKB-mediated bypass pathway compensates for impaired neural function generated by defects in several signalling pathways, including PI3K in SH-SY5Y-E cells. Our expression profiling data will be useful for further elucidation of the signal transduction-transcriptional network involving PI3K or TRKB.

  14. Eerder anders as elders: Gerrie Snyman se bydrae in die konteks van die Gereformeerde teologie

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hans J.M. van Deventer

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available Rather different than elsewhere: Gerrie Snyman�s contribution in the context of Reformed theology Prof Gerrie Snyman�s book Om die Bybel anders te lees: �n etiek van Bybellees (2007 attracted considerable attention in Afrikaans-speaking reformed circles in South Africa. In this article, some of the responses to and reviews of the book are studied in order to assess the publication�s impact. Moreover, the article aims to determine whether the book will contribute to future reflections and discussions on the use of the Bible in this context. It is concluded that the preferred method of interpretation in the Reformed Church in South Africa calls for a thorough revision. The so-called �grammatical-historical method� of interpretation can no longer be regarded as the most appropriate and sole �Reformed method� of interpretation.�--- Abstract translated into Sipedi ---Go fapana le t�e dingwe: seabe sa Gerrie Snyman go teologie ya RefomoPuku ya Profesa Gerrie Snyman, Om die Bybel anders te lees: �n Etiek van Bybellees (2007, e gogile �edi ye kgolo ya maloko a kereke ya Refomo mo Afrika-Borwa(RCSA/GKSA. Mo pampiring ye re ithuta t�e dingwe t�a dikarabo le ditshekatsheko t�a puku ye go ela khuet�o ya yona. Go feta fao, pampiri ye e nepile go bona ge e ba puku ye e tlo ba le seabe go dikakanyo le dipoledi�ano mabapi le t�homi�o ya Beibele ditabeng t�a mohuta wo. Re ruma ka go re, mokgwa wa tshekatsheko ya Bibele wa Kereke ya Refomo mo Afrika-Borwa o hloka go lekodi�i�wa le go boelet�wa. Mokgwa wa go hlatholla Bibele ka go sekaseka popopolelo(gramatika le histori ya tlholego ya yona, o ka se sa t�ewa e le wona wa maleba o nno�i wa tshekatsheko goba go ba wona �Mokgwa wa Refomo� wa go fetleka Bibele.--- End of translation ---

  15. Toxicidade do extrato aquoso das folhas de Anacardium humile para Bemisia tuberculata Toxicity of aqueous extract of Anacardium humile leaves on Bemisia tuberculata

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nézio Nery de Andrade Filho

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available A mosca-branca Bemisia tuberculata (Bondar, 1923 (Hem.: Aleyrodidae é uma das principais pragas da cultura da mandioca no Estado do Mato Grosso do Sul; no entanto, não há produtos registrados para seu controle. Produtos vegetais podem constituir em alternativa viável de controle de insetos e, por sua fotodegradabilidade, diminuir os riscos ao ambiente e ao homem. Objetivou-se, por meio deste trabalho, avaliar o efeito do extrato aquoso do "cajuzinho-do-cerrado" Anacardium humile St Hill (Anacardeaceae, nas concentrações de 2,0; 0,8; 0,4 e 0,05%, sobre a biologia de B. tuberculata, bem como identificar a classe de metabólitos secundários presentes no referido extrato. O experimento foi conduzido em casa de vegetação, sob temperatura de 26±4°C. O extrato aquoso de A. humile causou aumento da duração da fase larval e mortalidade significativamente superior à testemunha em todas as concentrações testadas. Concluiu-se que o extrato aquoso de folhas de A. humile provoca mortalidade em ninfas de B. tuberculata e alongamento da fase das ninfas sobreviventes. O extrato aquoso de folhas de A. humile apresenta taninos, açúcares redutores e saponinas, e o seu índice de espuma (Índice Afrosimétrico é de 1250.The whitefly Bemisia tuberculata (Bondar, 1923 (Hem.: Aleyrodidae is the main pest of cassava crops in Mato Grosso do Sul state, however there are no products registered for its control. Plant products may represent a viable alternative for insect pest control and, due to their photo-degradability, they may reduce risks to the environment and to man. The aim of this study is to assess the effect of "cajuzinho-do-cerrado" Anacardium humile St Hill (Anacardeaceae aqueous leaf extract on the biology of B. tuberculata at the concentrations 2.0; 0.8; 0.4; 0.05%, as well as to identify the class of secondary metabolites present in the referred extract. The experiment was carried out in a greenhouse at a temperature of 26±4°C. The

  16. Extratos aquosos de plantas e o comportamento do ácaro verde da mandioca Aqueous plant extracts and the behavior of the cassava green mite

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Manoel Eneas de Carvalho Gonçalves

    2001-09-01

    Full Text Available Extratos de plantas são uma alternativa promissora no controle de ácaros fitófagos. Neste trabalho estudou-se a bioatividade de extratos aquosos de nim, Azadirachta indica A. Juss. e cravo-da-índia, Syzigium aromaticum L., na biologia do ácaro verde da mandioca, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar. Larvas recém-eclodidas foram individualizadas em discos de folhas de mandioca previamente imersos nos extratos e em água destilada, e mantidas nestas condições até atingir a fase adulta. Após a emergência, as fêmeas foram individualizadas em discos não tratados e acasaladas com machos coletados da criação estoque. As avaliações foram efetuadas a cada 12 h. As duas maiores concentrações de nim (1,0 e 0,75g do pó de sementes de nim 100 mL-1 de água deram os melhores resultados, causando 72,5 e 37,5% de mortalidade larval, respectivamente, e até 16% para os estágios seguintes. A mortalidade em todo estágio imaturo foi de 84,6 e 55%, respectivamente. A duração da fase deutocrisálida e teliocrisálida foi levemente afetada, porém significativamente maior para o nim a 1%. Os extratos não afetaram a fecundidade, a qual variou de 6,5 a 8,6 ovos/fêmea/dia. Embora os extratos usados não tenham afetado o período de incubação, nim a 1% reduziu significativamente a viabilidade dos ovos.The use of plant extracts is a promising alternative for the control of phytophagous mites. This study was carried out to test the bio-activity of neem, Azadirachta indica A. Juss. and clove, Syzigium aromaticum L., aqueous extracts on the behaviour of the cassava green mite, Mononychellus tanajoa (Bondar. Recently hatched larvae were individualized onto cassava leaf discs previously immersed in different concentrations of the extract and in distilled water, and maintained at these conditions until reaching maturity. The females were individualized onto untreated leaf discs right after emergency and mated with males from the rearing stock. The

  17. Near-Earth space hazards and their detection (Scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 27 March 2013)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    2013-01-01

    A scientific session of the Physical Sciences Division of the Russian Academy of Sciences (RAS), titled N ear-Earth space hazards and their detection , was held on 27 March 2013 at the conference hall of the Lebedev Physical Institute, RAS. The agenda posted on the website of the Physical Sciences Division, RAS, http://www.gpad.ac.ru, included the following reports: (1) Emel'yanenko V V, Shustov B M (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) T he Chelyabinsk event and the asteroid-comet hazard ; (2) Chugai N N (Institute of Astronomy, RAS, Moscow) A physical model of the Chelyabinsk event ; (3) Lipunov V M (Lomonosov Moscow State University, Sternberg Astronomical Institute, Moscow) M ASTER global network of optical monitoring ; (4) Beskin G M (Special Astrophysical Observatory, RAS, Arkhyz, Karachai-Cirkassian Republic) W ide-field optical monitoring systems with subsecond time resolution for the detection and study of cosmic threats . The expanded papers written on the base of oral reports 1 and 4 are given below. • The Chelyabinsk event and the asteroid-comet hazard, V V Emel'yanenko, B M Shustov Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 8, Pages 833–836 • Wide-field subsecond temporal resolution optical monitoring systems for the detection and study of cosmic hazards, G M Beskin, S V Karpov, V L Plokhotnichenko, S F Bondar, A V Perkov, E A Ivanov, E V Katkova, V V Sasyuk, A Shearer Physics-Uspekhi, 2013, Volume 56, Number 8, Pages 836–842 (conferences and symposia)

  18. THE ANALYSIS OF LETÂİF-NÂME IN TERMS OF THE NOVEL TECHNIQUE ABSTRACT LETÂİF-NÂME ADLI ESERİN ROMAN TEKNİĞİ AÇISINDAN İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Şener DEMİREL

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Latife/letâif, meaning pleasant and nice statement humouring and cheering people, especially joking and humor, is conceptually an elusive and delicate meaning, a feeling coming to heart, or an amusing and weird statement and story. And letâif-nâme, derived from the word latife, can be composed of many different texts within itself (e.g. story, tale, joke and epigram, and can be written as a long-running story consisting of a separate text and a certain plot.The story Letâif-nâme, which is the subject of this paper and the author of which is not known, is an example of the latter kind of texts, and stands out as a work including eleven distinct stories / tales / jokes within a framework. This work was published in H.1268/ A.D.1851-52 in İstanbul. The work, comprising 153 pages, tells about the experiences of a hero called Yousuf Shah in the 17th century during the reign of Sultan Murad the fourth. This paper, focusing on the work Letâif-nâme, deals with the title, theme, summary, plot, characters, setting, time, narrator and the point of view of the work, and its linguistic and style characteristics within the framework of the story / novel analysis. İnsanları güldüren, neşelendiren hoş söz ve güzel söz; özellikle şaka, espri anlamına gelen latife/letâif, kavram olarak sözle ifade edilmesi güç, ince mana, kalbe doğan duygu; güldürecek tuhaf söz ve hikâye demektir. Latife kelimesinden türetilen letâif-nâme ise kendi içinde birçok ayrı metinden (hikâye, masal, fıkra ve nükte gibi oluşabildiği gibi, müstakil bir metin, belli bir olay örgüsünden oluşan uzun soluklu hikâye hâlinde de kaleme alınmış olabilmektedir. Bu yazıya konu olan ve yazarı bilinmeyen Letâif-nâme adlı hikâye, ikinci tip metinlere örnektir ve bir çerçeve içinde birbirinden farklı on bir hikâye/masal/fıkrayı içeren bir eser olarak karşımıza çıkmaktadır. Eser, H.1268/M.1851-52 yılında İstanbul’da bas

  19. Identification of odor volatile compounds and deodorization of Paphia undulata enzymatic hydrolysate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Deke; Chen, Xin; Chen, Hua; Cai, Bingna; Wan, Peng; Zhu, Xiaolian; Sun, Han; Sun, Huili; Pan, Jianyu

    2016-12-01

    Unfavorable fishy odour is an inevitable problem in aquatic products. In the present study, headspace solid-phase microextraction gas chromatography mass spectrometry (HS-SPME-GC-MS) analysis of volatiles from untreated samples and three deodorized samples (under the optimal conditions) of Paphia undulata enzymatic hydrolysate revealed that the compounds contributing to the distinctive odor were 1-octen-3-ol, n-hexanal, n-heptanal, 2,4-heptadienal, and 2,4-decadienal, whereas n-pentanal, n-octanal, n-octanol, benzaldehyde, 2-ethylfuran and 2-pentylfuran were the main contributors to the aromatic flavor. The deodorizing effects of activated carbon (AC) adsorption, yeast extract (YE) masking and tea polyphenol (TP) treatment on a P. undulata enzymatic hydrolysate were investigated using orthogonal experiments with sensory evaluation as the index. The following optimized deodorization conditions were obtained: AC adsorption (35 mg mL-1, 80°C, 40 min), YE masking (7 mg mL-1, 45°C, 30 min) and TP treatment (0.4 mg mL-1, 40°C, 50 min). AC adsorption effectively removed off-flavor volatile aldehydes and ketones. YE masking modified the odor profile by increasing the relative contents of aromatic compounds and decreasing the relative contents of aldehydes and ketones. The TP treatment was not effective in reducing the odor score, but it significantly reduced the relative content of aldehydes while increasing that of alkanes. It is also notable that TP effectively suppressed trimethylamine (TMA) formation in a P. undulate hydrolysate solution for a period of 72 h.

  20. Equation-free modeling unravels the behavior of complex ecological systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    DeAngelis, Donald L.; Yurek, Simeon

    2015-01-01

    Ye et al. (1) address a critical problem confronting the management of natural ecosystems: How can we make forecasts of possible future changes in populations to help guide management actions? This problem is especially acute for marine and anadromous fisheries, where the large interannual fluctuations of populations, arising from complex nonlinear interactions among species and with varying environmental factors, have defied prediction over even short time scales. The empirical dynamic modeling (EDM) described in Ye et al.’s report, the latest in a series of papers by Sugihara and his colleagues, offers a promising quantitative approach to building models using time series to successfully project dynamics into the future. With the term “equation-free” in the article title, Ye et al. (1) are suggesting broader implications of their approach, considering the centrality of equations in modern science. From the 1700s on, nature has been increasingly described by mathematical equations, with differential or difference equations forming the basic framework for describing dynamics. The use of mathematical equations for ecological systems came much later, pioneered by Lotka and Volterra, who showed that population cycles might be described in terms of simple coupled nonlinear differential equations. It took decades for Lotka–Volterra-type models to become established, but the development of appropriate differential equations is now routine in modeling ecological dynamics. There is no question that the injection of mathematical equations, by forcing “clarity and precision into conjecture” (2), has led to increased understanding of population and community dynamics. As in science in general, in ecology equations are a key method of communication and of framing hypotheses. These equations serve as compact representations of an enormous amount of empirical data and can be analyzed by the powerful methods of mathematics.

  1. Multilocus Variable-Number Tandem-Repeat Analysis, Pulsed-Field Gel Electrophoresis, and Antimicrobial Susceptibility Patterns in Discrimination of Sporadic and Outbreak-Related Strains of Yersinia enterocolitica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skurnik Mikael

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background We assessed the potential of multilocus variable-number tandem-repeat analysis (MLVA, pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE, and antimicrobial susceptibility testing for discriminating 104 sporadic and outbreak-related Yersinia enterocolitica (YE bio/serotype 3-4/O:3 and 2/O:9 isolates. MLVA using six VNTR markers was performed in two separate multiplex PCRs, and the fluorescently labeled PCR products were accurately sized on an automated DNA sequencer. Results MLVA discriminated 82 sporadic YE 3-4/O:3 and 2/O:9 strains into 77 types, whereas PFGE with the restriction enzyme NotI discriminated the strains into 23 different PFGE pulsotypes. The discriminatory index for a sporadic strain was 0.862 for PFGE and 0.999 for MLVA. MLVA confirmed that a foodborne outbreak in the city of Kotka, Finland in 2003 had been caused by a multiresistant YE 4/O:3 strain that was distinctly different from those of epidemiologically unrelated strains with an identical PFGE pulsotype. The multiresistance of Y. enterocolitica strains (19% of the sporadic strains correlated significantly (p = 0.002 with travel abroad. All of the multiresistant Y. enterocolitica strains belonged to four PFGE pulsotypes that did not contain any susceptible strains. Resistance to nalidixic acid was related to changes in codons 83 or 87 that stemmed from mutations in the gyrA gene. The conjugation experiments demonstrated that resistance to CHL, STR, and SUL was carried by a conjugative plasmid. Conclusions MLVA using six loci had better discriminatory power than PFGE with the NotI enzyme. MLVA was also a less labor-intensive method than PFGE and the results were easier to analyze. The conjugation experiments demonstrated that a resistance plasmid can easily be transferred between Y. enterocolitica strains. Antimicrobial multiresistance of Y. enterocolitica strains was significantly associated with travel abroad.

  2. National outbreak of Yersinia enterocolitica infections in military and civilian populations associated with consumption of mixed salad, Norway, 2014.

    Science.gov (United States)

    MacDonald, Emily; Einöder-Moreno, Margot; Borgen, Katrine; Thorstensen Brandal, Lin; Diab, Lore; Fossli, Øivind; Guzman Herrador, Bernardo; Hassan, Ammar Ali; Johannessen, Gro S; Johansen, Eva Jeanette; Jørgensen Kimo, Roger; Lier, Tore; Paulsen, Bjørn Leif; Popescu, Rodica; Tokle Schytte, Charlotte; Sæbø Pettersen, Kristin; Vold, Line; Ørmen, Øyvind; Wester, Astrid Louise; Wiklund, Marit; Nygård, Karin

    2016-08-25

    In May 2014, a cluster of Yersinia enterocolitica (YE) O9 infections was reported from a military base in northern Norway. Concurrently, an increase in YE infections in civilians was observed in the Norwegian Surveillance System for Communicable Diseases. We investigated to ascertain the extent of the outbreak and identify the source in order to implement control measures. A case was defined as a person with laboratory-confirmed YE O9 infection with the outbreak multilocus variable-number tandem repeat analysis (MLVA)-profile (5-6-9-8-9-9). We conducted a case-control study in the military setting and calculated odds ratios (OR) using logistic regression. Traceback investigations were conducted to identify common suppliers and products in commercial kitchens frequented by cases. By 28 May, we identified 133 cases, of which 117 were linked to four military bases and 16 were civilians from geographically dispersed counties. Among foods consumed by cases, multivariable analysis pointed to mixed salad as a potential source of illness (OR 10.26; 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.85-123.57). The four military bases and cafeterias visited by 14/16 civilian cases received iceberg lettuce or radicchio rosso from the same supplier. Secondary transmission cannot be eliminated as a source of infection in the military camps. The most likely source of the outbreak was salad mix containing imported radicchio rosso, due to its long shelf life. This outbreak is a reminder that fresh produce should not be discounted as a vehicle in prolonged outbreaks and that improvements are still required in the production and processing of fresh salad products. This article is copyright of The Authors, 2016.

  3. Algevekstpotensialmålinger i Lysakerelva og Frognerbekken mars 1984

    OpenAIRE

    Källqvist, T.

    1984-01-01

    Algevekstpotensialet i vannprøver fra forskjellige stasjoner i vassdragene ble undersøkt med og uten tilsetning av vekstmedium. Vekstpotensialet var lavt på de øverste stasjonene i begge vassdragene, men meget høye verdier ble funnet lengre nede som følge av tilførsler av næringsrikt vann. I Lysakerelva minket vekstpotensialet igjen mot utløpet i Oslofjorden. Svak hemming av algeveksten ble registrert på stasjon i Lysakerelva Oslo kommune

  4. Caracterización de la mezcla de yeso grueso con adición de residuos tratados de placas de yeso laminado

    OpenAIRE

    Rodríguez-Orejón, A.; Del Río-Merino, M.; Fernández-Martínez, F.

    2014-01-01

    La protección del medio ambiente implica la reutilización de los residuos de construcción y demolición. Los residuos de placas de yeso laminado se utilizan en la fabricación de cemento y de placas de yeso laminado. En este artículo se ha estudiado la utilización deresiduos de placa de yeso laminado cocido (YLC) mezclado con yeso grueso (YG), realizándose la caracterización físico-mecánica de dureza superficial y resistencias mecánicas, para determinar su idoneidad formando materiales de ye...

  5. Aerodynamic Engine/Airframe Integration for High Performance Aircraft and Missiles (L’Integration Aerodynamique des Moteurs et des Cellules dans les Avions et les Missiles a Hautes Performances)

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-09-01

    baisse du niveas da plateau supersonique (Fig.9). L’onde de choc DCZ 0,30 0068avance de 1% dc Ia corde ci cc dilplacement ye rilperesic sur toute CX 104...propulsion component, which is very helpful for a better understanding of the underlying pheno- mena and finding possible areas of improve- men t.I...of excessive, and for a plane and plug nozzle of a hypersonic aircraft, for probably prohibitive, fine meshes. It has to be men - a highly integrated

  6. Psychoanalysis through fairy tale

    OpenAIRE

    Muhič, Aleksandra

    2012-01-01

    In my thesis I present the unconscious process of a man through a fairy tale analysis. All mankind represent a major part of the unconscious. The answers to the questions about the essential, existencialism, are obtained by this major quantity of the unconscious in every man. Through the symbolism of a fairy tale I present the way an individual has to walk to gain selfrealisation in life. Through fairytales a child in the process of his personality maturing step by step says goodb ye to...

  7. Deep Drilling Results in the Atlantic Ocean: Ocean Crust

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    the volcano Agua de Pau. //i ( ,.which nas eruted 5 tir-es in tile past 4.600 / ye,.rs, the last in 1563. Xumerous not springs S/ o3220 an’ soradic...complex. In a study layered structure and physical properties to of ophiolite complexes in southern Chile , de Wit ce those of oceanic crust...Spooner et al, 1977) and and Govett, 1973). A large lens, for example that S. Chile (Stern et al, 1976). Zeolite to amphib- at Skouriotissa, had a

  8. TRACKER INSERTED INTO YB0 & HEAVY LOWERING COMPLETED

    CERN Multimedia

          The Tracker travelled very smoothly from Meyrin to Point 5 during the early hours of December 13th. Lowered later the same day, insertion was completed 18th December. The intense campaign of Tracker connections, involving 980 pipes, 2330 cables and 3623 fibre ribbons, has since begun and is making good progress. The final large element of CMS YE-1 was lowered gently into the cavern on January 22nd. This marks the end of fourteen months of heavy lowering operations.  

  9. Eighth Mendeleyev Congress on General and Applied Chemistry USSR.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1960-06-27

    the congress a memorable gift - 9- 1- a silk -embroidered portrait of D.I. Mendeleyev. At the subsequent plenary sessions of the congress the...of zirconium and iron (E.M. Braynina); titanium and silicon (A.N. Nesmeyanov, O.V. Nogina, Yu.P. Kudryavtsev); aluminum trlalkyls (L.I. Zakharkin...of ™tr tents. __,,,__ M.Ye. Pronln, in his paper ««iffeet of Fertilizers on Yields of Corn and Amelioration of Its Quality«, called attention

  10. Marketing plan for online surfing magazine

    OpenAIRE

    Michna, Jakub

    2017-01-01

    Název: Marketing plan for online surfing magazine Cíle: The main aim of this thesis is to design a marketing plan for launching new online surfing magazine. This project would emerge from present online media Freeride.cz/Water, which adverse situation is going to be analyzed. Metody: Author used interviewing and personal survey as methods. Secondary data collection, PEST analysis and Google Analytics tool served as framework for resulting SWOT analysis. Výsledky: The marketing plan for one ye...

  11. Disease: H01553 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available H01553 Zika fever; Zika virus disease Zika fever is one of the mosquito-borne viral fevers caused by Zika...n to human through bites of Aedes species. ZIKV was initially distinguished in rhesus monkeys in the Zika fo...etween microcephaly and of Zika virus. It has been reported that ZIKV-infected children, who were born to ZI...nces below the 10th percentile. Infectious disease ... Zika virus [GN:T40049] ... Serodiagnosis by IgM ELISA test... AUTHORS ... Maharajan MK, Ranjan A, Chu JF, Foo WL, Chai ZX, Lau EY, Ye HM, Theam

  12. Beginning Swift programming

    CERN Document Server

    Lee, Wei-Meng

    2014-01-01

    Enter the Swift future of iOS and OS X programming Beginning Swift Programming is your ideal starting point for creating Mac, iPhone, and iPad apps using Apple's new Swift programming language. Written by an experienced Apple developer and trainer, this comprehensive guide explains everything you need to know to jumpstart the creation of your app idea. Coverage includes data types, strings and characters, operators and functions, arrays and dictionaries, control flow, and looping, with expert guidance on classes, objects, class inheritance, closures, protocols, and generics. This succinct - ye

  13. Dynamics of polynomials in finite and infinite Benz planes

    OpenAIRE

    Rafael Artzy

    1992-01-01

    The classical Benz planes, that is, Möbius, Minkowski, and Laguerre planes, can be coordinatized [cf. 1], respectively, by the field C of complex numbers, the ring of “double numbers” z=x+jy (x,y ∊ R) where an element j  not in R, with j2=1 is adjoined, and the ring of “dual numbers” z=x+ye where an element e not in R with e2=0 is adjoined to R. When the field R is replaced by another field, in our case finite prime fields Fp (p a prime), one also obtains co...

  14. Inter-rater reliability of direct observations of the physical and psychosocial working conditions in eldercare

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karstad, Kristina; Rugulies, Reiner; Skotte, Jørgen

    2018-01-01

    The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate the reliability of the "Danish observational study of eldercare work and musculoskeletal disorders" (DOSES) observation instrument to assess physical and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in eldercare work. During 1.5 ye...... is appropriate for assessing physical and psychosocial risk factors for MSD among eldercare workers.......The aim of the study was to develop and evaluate the reliability of the "Danish observational study of eldercare work and musculoskeletal disorders" (DOSES) observation instrument to assess physical and psychosocial risk factors for musculoskeletal disorders (MSD) in eldercare work. During 1...

  15. Experiment to measure vacuum birefringence: Conceptual design

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mueller, Guido; Tanner, David; Doebrich, Babette; Poeld, Jan; Lindner, Axel; Willke, Benno

    2016-03-01

    Vacuum birefringence is another lingering challenge which will soon become accessible to experimental verification. The effect was first calculated by Euler and Heisenberg in 1936 and is these days described as a one-loop correction to the differential index of refraction between light which is polarized parallel and perpendicular to an external magnetic field. Our plan is to realize (and slightly modify) an idea which was originally published by Hall, Ye, and Ma using advanced LIGO and LISA technology and the infrastructure of the ALPS light-shining-through-walls experiment following the ALPS IIc science run. This work is supported by the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft and the Heising-Simons Foundation.

  16. The complexity of interior point methods for solving discounted turn-based stochastic games

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hansen, Thomas Dueholm; Ibsen-Jensen, Rasmus

    2013-01-01

    for general 2TBSGs. This implies that a number of interior point methods can be used to solve 2TBSGs. We consider two such algorithms: the unified interior point method of Kojima, Megiddo, Noma, and Yoshise, and the interior point potential reduction algorithm of Kojima, Megiddo, and Ye. The algorithms run...... states and discount factor γ we get κ=Θ(n(1−γ)2) , −δ=Θ(n√1−γ) , and 1/θ=Θ(n(1−γ)2) in the worst case. The lower bounds for κ, − δ, and 1/θ are all obtained using the same family of deterministic games....

  17. CMS endcap RPC gas gap production for upgrade

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Park, S K; Choi, S; Hong, B; Jeng, Y Gun; Kang, M; Lee, K S; Sim, K-S; Colaleo, A; Pugliese, G; Loddo, F; Calabria, C; Maggi, M; Verwillingen, P; Berzano, U; Carrillo, C; Aleksandrov, A; Genchev, V; Iaydjiev, P; Rodozov, M; Shopova, M

    2012-01-01

    The CMS experiment will install a RE4 layer of 144 new Resistive Plate Chambers (RPCs) on the existing york YE3 at both endcap regions to trigger high momentum muons from the proton-proton interaction. In this paper, we present the detailed procedures used in the production of new RPC gas gaps adopted in the CMS upgrade. Quality assurance is enforced as ways to maintain the same quality of RPC gas gaps as the existing 432 endcap RPC chambers that have been operational since the beginning of the LHC operation. (technical report)

  18. THE MODEL OF THE FIVE COMPETITIVE FORCES ON ROMANIAN RETAIL MARKET

    OpenAIRE

    SILVIA PUIU

    2010-01-01

    The paper is about the model of the five competitive forces of Michael Porter. In the first part, I have presented the theoretical aspects of the model and after that, I tried to apply the model on the retail market in Romania. I used data gathered from national and international institutes of market research and also from the information offered by the main retailers on their web sites. The retail market in our country is not very good crystalized, but has had a good evolution in the last ye...

  19. 2471-IJBCS-Article-Lamine Baba Moussa

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    hp

    Revue documentaire sur les filières agricoles et le crédit vivrier au. Bénin : cas de la filière maïs. Rapport d'étude, 38p. Guèye MT, Seck D, Wathelet J-P, Lognay G. 2011. Lutte contre les ravageurs des stocks de céréales et de légumineuses au. Sénégal et en Afrique occidentale : synthèse bibliographique. Biotechnol.

  20. Stemcell Information: SKIP000343 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available blasts (HDFs)|same patient as eFOP3-2 FOP疾患者由来iSP細胞。|エピソーマル・プラスミドを用いて作製。 -- Research Grade Plasmid Y4 ... Yes SNL feeder cell...s primate ES cell medium(ReproCELL) ... Yes Immunohistochemistry Ye...yoto University 京都大学 再生医科学研究所 ... Information Only ... 24321451 10.1186/1750-1172-8-190 Induced pluripotent stem cell

  1. SOA Challenges for Real-Time and Disadvantaged Grids (Defis de la SOA pour les reseaux defavorises et en temps reel)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-04-01

    l’utilisation de normes ouvertes, la facilité de gestion et de configuration et la transparence pour l’utilisateur. L’infrastructure de messagerie doit...et w or k A cc es s Netw ork Configurat ion Applicat ions Transport API Control API Cr os s- La ye r Co or di na ti on Netw ork Information...di na ti on Transport Requirements Netw ork Environment Applicat ion Direct ives Applicat ion Information Figure C-2: Sub Interfaces of the

  2. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 18, Number 08, August 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-01

    continue, and STI preven- tion eff orts should be reinforced. R E F E R E N C E S 1. Kuper H, Ye W, Broome U, et al. The risk of liver and bile duct ...hepatitis A virus (HAV) causes infl ammatory liver disease (hepatitis) in aff ected individu- als. Th e virus is spread through fecal-oral...ammatory liver disease (hepatitis B) in aff ected individ- uals. Th e virus is spread by percutaneous or mucous membrane exposure to infected blood or

  3. Forbuden frukt smaker best en studie av nordmenns spise- og drikkemønster av sjokolade, søtsaker, salt snacks, sukkerholdige leskedrikker og lignende

    OpenAIRE

    Bugge, Annechen Bahr

    2010-01-01

    Denne studien er en del av forskningsprosjektene Young Food og HealthMeal. Begge prosjektene er finansiert av Norges forskningsråd. Temaet i rapporten er nordmenns spise- og drikkemønster av en type mat og drikke som helsemyndighetene ønsker at befolkningen skal redusere forbruket sitt av – slik som sjokolade, søtsaker, søte bakervarer, salt snacks og sukkerholdige drikker. Selv om forbruksutviklingen de seneste par årene har vist positive tendenser, har altså nordmenn fremdeles et langt høye...

  4. Газотурбинная установка ГТЭ-115М

    OpenAIRE

    Акерман, Д. Ш.; Зарубин, Л. А.; Решитько, В. П.; Росинская, А. В.

    2009-01-01

    In the article there are given technical characteristics of the enhanced GTE-115M gas turbine unit and some of its separate systems. The design of the 18-stage axial-flow air compressor is performed in collaboration with the specialists of N.Ye. Jukovsky Aerospace National University «KhAI», design of the cooling system of the turbine 1st stage guide blade and cooling system of the turbine rotor – in collaboration with the specialists of National Technical University «KhPI». There is develope...

  5. Elicitation of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) cell suspension culture for enhancement of inulin production and altered degree of polymerisation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ma, Chunquan; Zhou, Dong; Wang, Haitao; Han, Dongming; Wang, Yang; Yan, Xiufeng

    2017-01-01

    Plant cell suspension cultures have emerged as a potential source of secondary metabolites for food additives and pharmaceuticals. In this study inulin accumulation and its degree of polymerisation (DP) in the treated cells in the same medium were investigated after treatment with six types of elicitors. An in vitro cell suspension culture of Jerusalem artichoke (Helianthus tuberosus L.) was optimised by adding an extra nitrogen source. According to the growth kinetics, a maximum biomass of 5.48 g L -1 was obtained from the optimal cell suspension medium consisted of Murashige and Skoog basic medium (MS) + 1.0 mg L -1 α-naphthalene acetic acid (NAA) + 1.0 mg L -1 6-benzylaminopurine (6-BA) + 0.5 mg L -1 proline + 1.0 mg L -1 glutamine. Methyl jasmonate (MeJA, 250 µmol L -1 ) treatment for 15 days led to the highest levels of inulin (2955.27 ± 9.81 mg L -1 compared to control of 1217.46 ± 0.26 mg L -1 ). The elicited effect of five elicitors to the suspension cells of Jerusalem artichoke is as follows: AgNO 3 (Ag, 10 µmol L -1 ), salicylic acid (SA, 75 µmol L -1 ), chitosan (KJT, 40 mg L -1 ), Trichoderma viride (Tv, 90 mg L -1 ), yeast extract (YE, 0.25 mg L -1 ), and the corresponding content of inulin is increased by 2.05-, 1.93-, 1.76-, 1.44- and 1.18-fold compared to control, respectively. The obvious effect on the percentage of lower DP in inulin was observed in cells treated with 40 mg L -1 KJT, 0.25 mg L -1 YE and 10 µmol L -1 Ag. Among the six types of elicitors, the descending order of inulin content is MeJA > Ag > SA > KJT > Tv > YE. For the purpose inulin with lower DP and its application to prebiotic food, three elicitors, including KJT, YE and Ag, can be used for the elicitation. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry. © 2016 Society of Chemical Industry.

  6. Laureates of the Palladin Prize of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine (1983–1984

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R. P. Vynogradova

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the information about the life and scientific activity of the Palladin Prize laureats. In 1983, M. Ye. Kucherenko (1939-2007 was awarded for the mohnograph “Biological methylation and its modification in the early stage of ionizing radiation injury“. In 1984, G. V. Troitskiy (1913-1992 and O. P. Demchenko (born in 1944became the Palladin Prize laureates for the series of works “The study of protein structure” and for the monograph “Ultraviolet spectrophotometry and protein structure” (K.:Naukova Dumka, 1981, respectively.

  7. [Further textual research on Shang shu quan shu (A Complete Book of Summer-heat Diseases) and Zeng ding shang shu quan shu (Revised and Expanded: A Complete Book of Summer-heat Disease)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Xiao, Yong-zhi; Huang, Qi-xia

    2010-07-01

    Zhang Heteng's Shang shu quan shu of the Ming Dynasty and Ye Lin's Zeng ding shang shu quan shu of the Qing Dynasty are two significant books on warm diseases. By research into the author and the editor of both books, the process of its writing, the academic origin and evolution of its versions, it is found that there are errors concerning the date of writing, evolution of its number of volumes, and changes of versions found in the National United Catalogues of TCM Books and the General Catalogues of Chinese Ancient Medical Books which are subject to correction.

  8. Basic live sound reinforcement a practical guide for starting live audio

    CERN Document Server

    Biederman, Raven

    2013-01-01

    Access and interpret manufacturer spec information, find shortcuts for plotting measure and test equations, and learn how to begin your journey towards becoming a live sound professional. Land and perform your first live sound gigs with this guide that gives you just the right amount of information. Don't get bogged down in details intended for complex and expensive equipment and Madison Square Garden-sized venues. Basic Live Sound Reinforcement is a handbook for audio engineers and live sound enthusiasts performing in small venues from one-mike coffee shops to clubs. With their combined ye

  9. Stemcell Information: SKIP000993 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; PARK8 607060 ... 78 70-79 Female ... Yes No iPS cells from familial Parkinson... SKIP000993 ... Diseased PARK8-LB16 PARK8-LB16 ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病:PARK8 G20 PARKINSON D...'s disease patient ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病患者由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Research Grade Lentivirus Klf4, Sox2, Oct4, c-Myc ... Ye

  10. Stemcell Information: SKIP000992 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; PARK8 607060 ... 66 60-69 Female ... Yes No iPS cells from familial Parkinson... SKIP000992 ... Diseased PARK8-LA11 PARK8-LA11 ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病:PARK8 G20 PARKINSON D...'s disease patient ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病患者由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Research Grade Lentivirus Klf4, Sox2, Oct4, c-Myc ... Ye

  11. Stemcell Information: SKIP000994 [SKIP Stemcell Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available ISEASE 8, AUTOSOMAL DOMINANT; PARK8 607060 ... 78 70-79 Female ... Yes No iPS cells from familial Parkinson... SKIP000994 ... Diseased PARK8-LB21 PARK8-LB21 ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病:PARK8 G20 PARKINSON D...'s disease patient ... 遺伝性パーキンソン病患者由来iPS細胞 human ES-like Research Grade Lentivirus Klf4, Sox2, Oct4, c-Myc ... Ye

  12. Innovación y difusión del cambio lingüístico en Madrid

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isabel Molina

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available In this paper I examine three phonic changes taking place in Spanish: the relaxation of /s/ in implossive position, the yeísmo, and the loss of voiced /d/ in intervocalic position. The analysis looks at the Comunidad the Madrid, a territory characterized by the exchange of linguistic influences and the crossing of linguistic borders. The perspective of the study is both dialectal and sociolinguistic. My objective is to know whether Madrid acts as a center for the spread of these southern innovations, or whether the city follows instead the northern Castilian norm.

  13. Da du trengte en neste, var den der? : kirke og abortproblematikk i Norge mellom 1970 og 2013

    OpenAIRE

    Meland, Ragnhild Elisabeth Risanger

    2013-01-01

    Debatten om abort i Norge har vært nært knyttet til gjeldende abortlover. Kirkens engasjement har i stor grad kretset rundt motstand mot abortloven, både før og etter den ble vedtatt. Loven om selvbestemt abort i Norge har tross motstand stått stødig siden den ble vedtatt i 1978. Loven er blitt en selvfølgelighet, selv om det stilles spørsmål til abortpraksisen fra tid til annen. Det er en viss enighet i befolkningen og i de politiske partier om at høye aborttall ikke er ø...

  14. Interpreting complex data by methods of recognition and classification in an automated system of aerogeophysical material processing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Koval' , L.A.; Dolgov, S.V.; Liokumovich, G.B.; Ovcharenko, A.V.; Priyezzhev, I.I.

    1984-01-01

    The system of automated processing of aerogeophysical data, ASOM-AGS/YeS, is equipped with complex interpretation of multichannel measurements. Algorithms of factor analysis, automatic classification and apparatus of a priori specified (selected) decisive rules are used. The areas of effect of these procedures can be initially limited to the specified geological information. The possibilities of the method are demonstrated by the results of automated processing of the aerogram-spectrometric measurements in the region of the known copper-porphyr manifestation in Kazakhstan. This ore deposit was clearly noted after processing by the method of main components by complex aureole of independent factors U (severe increase), Th (noticeable increase), K (decrease).

  15. Intrinsic and Extrinsic Motivation Among Adolescent Ten-Pin Bowlers in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Teo Eng-Wah; Khoo Selina; Wong Rebecca; Wee Eng-Hoe; Lim Boon-Hooi; Rengasamy Shabesan Sit

    2015-01-01

    Motivation has long been associated with sports engagement. However, to date no research has been performed to understand the domain of motivation among ten-pin bowlers. The purpose of this study was to investigate different types of motivation (i.e., intrinsic vs. extrinsic) based on self-determination theory from the perspective of gender and the bowler type (competitive vs. casual). A total of 240 bowlers (104 male, 136 female; 152 competitive, 88 casual) with a mean age of 16.61 ? 0.78 ye...

  16. Identification and classification of genes regulated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase- and TRKB-mediated signalling pathways during neuronal differentiation in two subtypes of the human neuroblastoma cell line SH-SY5Y

    OpenAIRE

    Nishida, Yuichiro; Adati, Naoki; Ozawa, Ritsuko; Maeda, Aasami; Sakaki, Yoshiyuki; Takeda, Tadayuki

    2008-01-01

    Abstract Background SH-SY5Y cells exhibit a neuronal phenotype when treated with all-trans retinoic acid (RA), but the molecular mechanism of activation in the signalling pathway mediated by phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) is unclear. To investigate this mechanism, we compared the gene expression profiles in SK-N-SH cells and two subtypes of SH-SY5Y cells (SH-SY5Y-A and SH-SY5Y-E), each of which show a different phenotype during RA-mediated differentiation. Findings SH-SY5Y-A cells diffe...

  17. Kartlegging av PCB i sedimenter fra Indre Sørfjord

    OpenAIRE

    Skei, J.; Klungsøyr, J.

    1990-01-01

    Som følge av forhøyede nivåer av PCB i fiskelever innerst i Sørfjorden er det gjennomført en sedimentundersøkelse for om mulig å finne kilden til PCB. Det ble ikke registrert høye nivåer av PCB i sedimentene. Høyeste konsentrasjoner ble målt i munningen av Eitrheimsvågen. Analyser av trafooljer brukt i Tyssedalsområdet viste spor av PCB. Statens forurensningstilsyn (SFT)

  18. Forecast of Remote Underwater Sensing Technology.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-07-01

    Ndgrt o oth NIA ye ’ Suite 709NrtFaothMAO5i Arligton VA 2202Attn: Dave Ho0soci, Chief Enginee~r Attn : Jay W. -arford, Manlager, (617) 563-59)17 (703...0,1305 Attn: Dr. A. Zielinski , Asst. Professor Attn: C. R. B. Lister Faculty of Engineering and (20t) 325-5497 Applied Science (709) 753-1200 Lockheed...157. Zielinski , A.; Barbour, L.; "Swept Carrier Acoustic Underwater Communica- tions," IEEE/MTS Oceans 󈨒, Washington, DC, Sept. 6-8, 1978. 158

  19. A Robust and Resilient Network Design Paradigm for Region-Based Faults Inflicted by WMD Attack

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-04-01

    Infrastructure Mapping over Transport Software - Defined Networks (T- SDN )”, IEEE/OSA OFC, 2014 (invited for a special issue of OSA/IEEE JOCN) 23. L. Liu, J...Ji and C. Qiao “Survivable Virtual Infrastructure Mapping with Shared Protection in Transport Software - Defined Networks (T- SDNs )”, OECC, 2014. 25. S...483-493, 2014. 21. Z. Ye, X. Li, A. N. Patel, P. N. Ji, X. Cao, C. Qiao, “Upgrade-aware Virtual Infrastructure Mapping in Software - Defined Elastic

  20. Flavor Oscillations in the Supernova Hot Bubble Region: Nonlinear Effects of Neutrino Background

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pastor, Sergio; Raffelt, Georg

    2002-10-01

    The neutrino flux close to a supernova core contributes substantially to neutrino refraction so that flavor oscillations become a nonlinear phenomenon. One unexpected consequence is efficient flavor transformation for antineutrinos in a region where only neutrinos encounter a Mikheyev-Smirnov-Wolfenstein resonance or vice versa. Contrary to previous studies we find that in the neutrino-driven wind the electron fraction Ye always stays below 0.5, corresponding to a neutron-rich environment as required by r-process nucleosynthesis. The relevant range of masses and mixing angles includes the region indicated by LSND, but not the atmospheric or solar oscillation parameters.

  1. Transaction Design Specification Medical Exam Databases System (MED) update Transaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-12-01

    8217RECOFD IN 51) 73. CORONARY SFAS1 SITE ;CHAR X(6) IN 7:) 74* CORONARY FLAQUES (RECO D IN 51) 75. CCFONARY PLAOUE 3ITE ,CHAR K(60 IN 74) 76* FCT DIAMETER...KETOSTEROIDS YE HYDROXYCARTICOSTEROIDS YO 24 HR URINE TOTAL VOLUME MA URINE OSMOLALITY MB SERUM OSMOLALITY MC 24HR URINE TOTAL VOLUME ZE SERUM COPPER FBS TO...RHEUMATOID FACTOR PA N P -2 2 ANTINUCLEAR ANTIBODY PB N P -2 2 0 FREE FATTY ACIDS QA 5 9 57 200 MG% SERUM COPPER RA 30 70 130 300 JG% URINE COPPER RBM 10 30 90

  2. Association of interleukin-1 beta genetic polymorphisms with cognitive performance in elderly females without dementia

    OpenAIRE

    Sasayama, Daimei; Hori, Hiroaki; Teraishi, Toshiya; Hattori, Kotaro; Ota, Miho; Matsuo, Junko; Kawamoto, Yumiko; Kinoshita, Yukiko; Higuchi, Teruhiko; Amano, Naoji; Kunugi, Hiroshi

    2011-01-01

    Interleukin-1 beta (IL-1 beta) is considered to have a role in age-related cognitive decline. A recent study has shown that a promoter polymorphism of the IL-1 beta gene (rs16944) is associated with cognitive performance in elderly males without dementia. In this study, we examined whether polymorphisms of the IL-1 beta gene also influence cognitive functions in elderly females. Cognitive functions were assessed by the Wechsler adult intelligence scale-revised (WAIS-R) in 99 elderly (>= 60 ye...

  3. Classical and post-classical stages of development of ideas on global conflicts

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Y. S. Pilipenko

    2016-06-01

    Thus, in the history of the development of ideas about the nature of the conflict, it is possible to allocate three stages. The first stage is a classic, it representatives of which are O. Conte, K. Marx, G. Zimmel. The second stage is post-classical, represented by such scholars as P. Sztompka, G. lutsishin, N. Luhmann, M. Zelenkov, V. Zavalniuk. The third stage is multi-paradigmal, not formed yet, but actively developed by modern sociologists as I. Bekeshkina, Ye. Golovakha, A. Ruchka and other.

  4. USSR Report, Physics and Mathematics.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1987-03-12

    10), Aug 86) 3A Occurrence of Boson Resonances During pp-Interactions at 32 GeV/s (Ye. A. Kozlovskiy, V. A. Bumazhnov, et. al.; YADERNAYA FIZIKA... BOSON RESONANCES DURING pp-INTERACTIONS AT 32 GeV/s Moscow YADERNAYA FIZIKA in Russian Vol 44, No A(10), Aug 86 (manuscript received 14 Oct 85) pp 968...scalar leptons with gauge and Higgs fermions. Omission of mixing has been found to result in appreciable errors. With constraints on the masses of

  5. The Chemical Composition of the Lionfish (Pterois miles, Bennett 1828), the New Invasive Species of the Mediterranean Sea

    OpenAIRE

    Ayas, Deniz; Sen Agılkaya, Gulsemin; Kosker, Ali Rıza; Durmus, Mustafa; Ucar, Yılmaz; Bakan, Mısra

    2018-01-01

    In this study, the proximate composition of muscle tissue was investigated in lion fish (P. miles), which has a high invasion potency in the Mediterranean. At the same time, the potentials of accumulation of essential and toxic metals in brain, gill, muscle and liver tissues have been examined. The study was carried out with 4 lion fish individuals (1st individual 278 g, 28 cm, 2nd individual 55 g, 19 cm, 3rd individual 68 g, 20 cm, 4th individual 92 g, 22 cm) caught from the Yeşilovacık Bay ...

  6. What can you offer me as a Muslim, Priest?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Skovsgaard, Steen

    2005-01-01

    do not care about ethics and morality. Christians have ever since a relationship with God? Do you pray? Faster I? Does your faith impact? Are you aware that there is a doomsday? How to ask Muslims, and if we as Christians should even be able to hope to get some of their attention and get them other...... is perfect. " It is God's requirement of its creatures and children: "I must be perfect." And: "If your righteousness is not far surpasses the scribes and Pharisees, ye shall not enter into the kingdom of heaven!" Many of Jesus' words and confrontations with the Pharisees can easily be read as a clash...

  7. Assessment of Economic Feasibility on Promising Wind Energy Sites in Myanmar

    OpenAIRE

    Soe, Thi Thi; Zheng, Maosheng; Aung, Zar Ni

    2016-01-01

    Due to lack of reliable wind data measured on site by high tower mast, the preliminarily wind atlas of Myanmar is forecasted with Modern Era Retrospective-analysis for Research and Application (MERRA) reanalysis data using in ArcGIS. From the result wind- map, the promising areas were found in Arakan, Pathein, Yangon, Ye which lie at coastal area in Myanmar and of which wind power density can be used for village power application with isolated-grid. To evaluate the annual energy production of...

  8. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments. Number 70, March - April 1984.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-06-12

    Propagation in Liquids 472. Abramyan, T.O. (). Use of high-speed cinematography and holographic interferometry for studying the formation of the fine structure...84/3Ye539). 785. Belyanin, V.B.; Korovin, Yu.I.; Nedler, V.V.; Rusanov, A.K. (). State of the art and prospective developments in spectral analysis in...1984, 490-493. 791. Bol’shakov, A.A.; Nemets, V.M.; Oshemkov, S.V.; Petrov, A.A.; Solov’yev, A.A. (). Gas emission spectral analysis: state of the art

  9. Getting China and India right: Strategies for leveraging the world's fastest growing economies for global advantage

    OpenAIRE

    Ravi Ramamurti

    2010-01-01

    The re-emergence of the old world: MNEs and the emerging economies of China and IndiaAccording to projections of the National Intelligence Council, a US government think tank, by 2025 China and India will have the world's second- and fourth-largest economies, respectively. The world is changing before our eyes – within the memories of many readers of this journal, these economies were known for little other than abject poverty. Today they are the largest of the “emerging market economies.” Ye...

  10. Svømmehaller og krav til energieffektivitet

    OpenAIRE

    Øen, Martin Nerhus

    2010-01-01

    Svømmehaller er en spesiell bygningstype, som med høy innendørs temperatur og luftfuktighet, skiller seg fra andre bygninger som boliger og kontorbygg. Den høye innetemperaturen, forbruket av varmtvann, og fordampning fra svømmebassenget fører til et stort energiforbruk. Svømmehaller er ikke gitt egne krav i Teknisk forskrift til plan- og bygningsloven (TEK), til tross for at energiforbruket kan være tre ganger høyere enn kravene gitt for idrettshaller. Målet med denne rapporten er å finne fo...

  11. Fertility rates and perinatal outcomes of adolescent pregnancies: a retrospective population-based study

    OpenAIRE

    Souza, Maria de Lourdes de; Lynn, Fiona Ann; Johnston, Linda; Tavares, Eduardo Cardoso Teixeira; Brüggemann, Odaléa Maria; Botelho, Lúcio José

    2017-01-01

    ABSTRACT Objective: analyze trends in fertility rates and associations with perinatal outcomes for adolescents in Santa Catarina, Brazil. Methods: a population-based study covering 2006 to 2013 was carried out to evaluate associations between perinatal outcomes and age groups, using odds ratios, and Chi-squared tests. Results: differences in the fertility rate among female adolescents across regions and time period were observed, ranging from 40.9 to 72.0 per 1,000 in mothers aged 15-19 ye...

  12. Advanced Imaging Tracker

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-06-01

    3oijsteii 14.) v ilson f3 1vj Ar inj~on, VA Ž222JY L. or p AtLnZ: -,iii~iarn Ouriey I d.LU ýu ndoldt i~d txlJlýjLuqucqe, 14,, f. /A i’ Atun : ý...34ivision iY) LiOX d /M ye I v - iv i S i 01-1 I ,/L i r ic u .L Lbr~ J o-r y At~rlt -lex earker 1.i nj .on, A½iI r -I efnLi.) DL-4 NAS’A Aines Atun

  13. A New Inexact Inverse Subspace Iteration for Generalized Eigenvalue Problems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatemeh Mohammad

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available In this paper‎, ‎we represent an inexact inverse‎ ‎subspace iteration method for computing a few eigenpairs of the‎ ‎generalized eigenvalue problem $Ax = \\lambda Bx$[Q.~Ye and P.~Zhang‎, ‎Inexact inverse subspace iteration for generalized eigenvalue‎ ‎problems‎, ‎Linear Algebra and its Application‎, ‎434 (2011 1697-1715‎‎]‎. ‎In particular‎, ‎the linear convergence property of the inverse‎ ‎subspace iteration is preserved‎.

  14. Post-merger evolution of a neutron star-black hole binary with neutrino transport

    Science.gov (United States)

    Foucart, Francois; O'Connor, Evan; Roberts, Luke; Duez, Matthew D.; Haas, Roland; Kidder, Lawrence E.; Ott, Christian D.; Pfeiffer, Harald P.; Scheel, Mark A.; Szilagyi, Bela

    2015-06-01

    We present a first simulation of the post-merger evolution of a black hole-neutron star binary in full general relativity using an energy-integrated general-relativistic truncated moment formalism for neutrino transport. We describe our implementation of the moment formalism and important tests of our code, before studying the formation phase of an accretion disk after a black hole-neutron star merger. We use as initial data an existing general-relativistic simulation of the merger of a neutron star of mass 1.4 M⊙ with a black hole of mass 7 M⊙ and dimensionless spin χBH=0.8 . Comparing with a simpler leakage scheme for the treatment of the neutrinos, we find noticeable differences in the neutron-to-proton ratio in and around the disk, and in the neutrino luminosity. We find that the electron neutrino luminosity is much lower in the transport simulations, and that both the disk and the disk outflows are less neutron rich. The spatial distribution of the neutrinos is significantly affected by relativistic effects, due to large velocities and curvature in the regions of strongest emission. Over the short time scale evolved, we do not observe purely neutrino-driven outflows. However, a small amount of material (3 ×10-4M⊙ ) is ejected in the polar region during the circularization of the disk. Most of that material is ejected early in the formation of the disk, and is fairly neutron rich (electron fraction Ye˜0.15 - 0.25 ). Through r-process nucleosynthesis, that material should produce high-opacity lanthanides in the polar region, and could thus affect the light curve of radioactively powered electromagnetic transients. We also show that by the end of the simulation, while the bulk of the disk remains neutron rich (Ye˜0.15 - 0.2 and decreasing), its outer layers have a higher electron fraction: 10% of the remaining mass has Ye>0.3 . As that material would be the first to be unbound by disk outflows on longer time scales, and as composition evolution is

  15. Multifunctional Poly(2,5-benzimidazole)/Carbon Nanotube Composite Films

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-01-01

    Multifunctional Poly(2,5- benzimidazole )/Carbon Nanotube Composite Films JI-YE KANG,1 SOO-MI EO,1 IN-YUP JEON,1 YEONG SUK CHOI,2 LOON-SENG TAN,3 JONG...molecular-weight poly(2,5- benzimidazole ) (ABPBI). ABPBI/carbon nanotube (CNT) compo- sites were prepared via in situ polymerization of the AB-monomer in the...polymerization; multiwalled carbon nanotube (MWCNT); nano- composites; poly(2,5- benzimidazole ); (ABPBI); polycondensa- tion; poly(phosphoric acid); single-walled

  16. Proceedings of the 2011 AFMS Medical Research Symposium. Volume 6. Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI) & Psychological Health Track

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-08-02

    million effort to study imagrtg d TBI in th e military Started af Walter Reed end USU 2 yea-s ago Advanced Imaging Study in ifiated St:andzud MRI ...Imaging-some MRI techniques are useful: OTI, SWI 4. Physiological-focus of this IPT (Non--Invasive Neurodiagnostic IPT) Three step approach to...the e ye a re d etected with i1frared sensors • In addition to the helmet a l.llptop complier (or tablet ) is attached • Developers are marketing as

  17. ECB Banking Supervision and beyond

    OpenAIRE

    Lannoo, Karel

    2014-01-01

    With publication of the results of its Comprehensive Assessment at the end of October 2014, the European Central Bank has set the standard for its new mandate as supervisor. But this was only the beginning. The heavy work started in early November, with the day-to-day supervision of the 120 most significant banks in the eurozone under the Single Supervisory Mechanism. The centralisation of the supervision in the eurozone will pose a number of challenges for the ECB in the coming months and ye...

  18. Sterilization of the artificial blood circulation apparatus with ozone

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Pisarevskii, A A; Korukhov, N I.U.; Brazhnikov, E M; Konstantinova, M L; Razumovskii, S D

    1982-01-01

    Presented in this paper is the sterilization method of the assisted circulation unit. The method has been approved by stand testing and then applied for sterilizing the unit Ae, yeK-5 m when experimental implanting artificial heart. According to the method, ozone in concentration of 5 x 10(-3) moles/1 and with flow rate of 0,5 1/min is passed through an internal circuit of the unit during I h and 15 min. Control wash-out samples from lines have demonstrated complete sterility of the internal circuit. The method makes the sterilization process of such units much easier and may be recommended for clinical application.

  19. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 46, March - April 1980.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1981-02-05

    single crystal. Acta physica polonica , v. A56, no. 4, 1979, 543-546. (RZhF, 4/80, 4D846) 650. Sverchkov, Yu.Ye., and V.P. Gapontsev (118). Parameters...levels of configurations 3d and 4p. Acta physica polonica , v. A56, no. 3, 1979, 425-430. (RZhF, 3/80, 3D279) 741. Yankovskiy, A.A. (3). Atomic spectral...Hungarian progress report on MHD plasma diagnostics. Acta technica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae, v. 87, no. 3-4, 1978, 231-232. (RZhF, 3/80, 3G259) 600

  20. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments. Number 42, July-August 1979.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1980-05-01

    process. Acta physica . polonica , v. A55, no. 1, 1979, 87-93. (RZhF, 8/79, 8D233) 34 212. Ozgo, Z., T. Banoevicz, and S. Kielich (NS). Three-photon...Fluorescence and laser parameters of three new anthracene derivatives. Acta physica polonica , v. A55, no. 1, 1979, 79-86. (RZhF, 8/79, 8D603) 223...dyve laser. Part 1. Acta physics polonica , v. A55, no. 1, 1979, 73-78. (lZhF, 8/79, 8D977) 37. Goryayova, Ye.M., A.A. Krashenlnnikov, and A.V. Shablya

  1. Bibliography of Soviet Laser Developments, Number 37, September - October 1978

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-07-01

    systems. Acta physica polonica , v. A53, no. 5, 1978, 737- 746. (RZhRadiot, 10/78, 10Ye570) 31 226. Kolokolov, A,A., and A.I. Sukov (174). Beam... Acta physica polonica , v. A53, no. 2, 1978, 357-359. (RZhF, 9/78, 9D1119) 315. Kulla, P. (NS). Holographic black and white television system...KNLTA) KLDV (KLDVA) KSpF (KRSFA) MZhiG (IMZGA) Acta physica Academiae scientiarum hungaricae Bulletin de 1’Academie Polonaise des Sciences. Serie

  2. Chemical Reactions at the Au/InP Interface.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1986-10-15

    Chye , et al., 6 using various forms of photoemission spectroscopy and ion-depth profiling techniques, found that extremely thin Au films 3 interacted...Appl. Phys. 50, 1445 (1979). 6) P.W. ChYe , I. Lindau, P. Pianetta, Ci’!. Garner, C.Y. Su and W.E. Spicer, Physical Review B, 19, 5545 (1978). 7) R.F.C...Brilison, C.F. Brucker, A.D. Katnani, N.G. Stoffel, and G. Margaritondo, J.Vac.Soi Technol., 19, 661 (1981). 13) 1. Caznlibel, A.K. Chin , F. Eruanis

  3. "РОССИЙСКИЕ ВОСТОКОВЕДЫ. СТРАНИЦЫ ПАМЯТИ" (РАЗМЫШЛЕНИЯ О КНИГЕ И Её ГЕРОЯХ)

    OpenAIRE

    Верисоцкая, Е.

    1999-01-01

    The author of the article thinks over the pages of the book about tragic and wonderful fate of Russian Orientalists, god-fathers of Russian school of Japanese studies. Tragic because their high moral qualities, talent and creative work often happened of no need to the society and their life not once was violently stopped. Wonderful because they were high-spirited human beings who devoted their lives to the creative work and believed that one should live, think and even die for its welfare. Ye...

  4. Equipment for Preparing Pipeline Position Butts for Welding

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lobanov L.M.

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available The results of developments of the Ye.O.Paton Electric Welding Institute and its specialized departments on the designing national equipment models for preparation during the assembly the edges and butt ends of pipeline position butts with the diameter from 14 up to 159 mm, repair and modernization of power engineering objects, including the power units of nuclear and heat electric stations, in chemical and machine building, at enterprises of oil-gas complex and other branches of industry are presented.

  5. The YsrS Paralog DygS Has the Capacity To Activate Expression of the Yersinia enterocolitica Ysa Type III Secretion System.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walker, Kimberly A; Griggs, Lauren A; Obrist, Markus; Bode, Addys; Summers, R Patrick; Miller, Virginia L

    2016-06-15

    The Yersinia enterocolitica Ysa type III secretion system (T3SS) is associated with intracellular survival, and, like other characterized T3SSs, it is tightly controlled. Expression of the ysa genes is only detected following growth at low temperatures (26°C) and in high concentrations of sodium chloride (290 mM) in the medium. The YsrSTR phosphorelay (PR) system is required for ysa expression and likely responds to NaCl. During our investigations into the Ysr PR system, we discovered that genes YE3578 and YE3579 are remarkably similar to ysrR and ysrS, respectively, and are probably a consequence of a gene duplication event. The amino acid differences between YE3578 and ysrR are primarily clustered into two short regions. The differences between YE3579 and ysrS are nearly all located in the periplasmic sensing domain; the cytoplasmic domains are 98% identical. We investigated whether these paralogs were capable of activating ysa gene expression. We found that the sensor paralog, named DygS, is capable of compensating for loss of ysrS, but the response regulator paralog, DygR, cannot complement a ysrR gene deletion. In addition, YsrR, but not DygR, interacts with the histidine phosphorelay protein YsrT. Thus, DygS likely activates ysa gene expression in response to a signal other than NaCl and provides an example of a phosphorelay system in which two sensor kinases feed into the same regulatory pathway. All organisms need mechanisms to promote survival in changing environments. Prokaryotic phosphorelay systems are minimally comprised of a histidine kinase (HK) that senses an extracellular stimulus and a response regulator (RR) but can contain three or more proteins. Through gene duplication, a unique hybrid HK was created. We show that, while the hybrid appears to retain all of the phosphorelay functions, it responds to a different signal than the original. Both HKs transmit the signal to the same RR, which activates a promoter that transcribes a set of genes

  6. Atomically Phase-Matched Second-Harmonic Generation in a 2D Crystal

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-08-26

    OPEN ORIGINAL ARTICLE Atomically phase-matched second-harmonic generation in a 2D crystal Mervin Zhao1,2,*, Ziliang Ye1,2,*, Ryuji Suzuki3,4,*, Yu...photoluminescence mapping, Raman spectroscopy and atomic -force microscopy. (b) Image produced via scanning and gathering the SH light produced by the 3R-MoS2...arising from a single atomic layer, where the SH light elucidated important information such as the grain boundaries and electronic structure in these ultra

  7. Industrial Processes to Reduce Generation of Hazardous Waste at DoD facilities. Phase Report. Appendix A

    Science.gov (United States)

    1985-12-01

    by CLEMCO, Pauli & helps to stress - releive the surfaces, Griffin, CAB Systems and Royce does not heal cracks in aluminum and Mechanical Systems are now...Generation of HlazardOuIs Waste at DoD Facilities- 1.S)3 Re.port 2 PERSONAL AUTHOR(S) Ia lYE OF REPOR I Jb TIME COVERED 14. DATE OF REPORT (Year...105 miles from Hill AFB on the north slope. of the Ulntah Mountains. (For military and family members and retired military and family members only

  8. Production and biochemical characterization of α-glucosidase from Aspergillus niger ITV-01 isolated from sugar cane bagasse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Del Moral, S; Barradas-Dermitz, D M; Aguilar-Uscanga, M G

    2018-01-01

    Aspergillus niger ITV-01 presents amylolytic activity, identified as α-glucosidase, an enzyme that only produces α-d-glucose from soluble starch and that presents transglucosylase activity on α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-α-d-glucopyranose (maltose) (200 gL -1 ). Biochemical characterization was performed on A. niger ITV-01 α-glucosidase; its optimum parameters were pH 4.3, temperature 80 °C but stable at 40 °C, with an energy of activation (Ea) 176.25 kJ mol -1 . Using soluble starch as the substrate, K m and V max were 5 mg mL -1 and 1000 U mg -1 , respectively. As α-glucosidase is not a metalloenzyme, calcium and EDTA did not have any effect on its activity. The molecular weight was estimated by SDS-PAGE to be about 75 kDa. It was also active in methanol and ethanol. When ammonium sulfate (AS) and yeast extract (YE) nitrogen sources and calcium effect were evaluated, the greatest activity occurred using YE and calcium, as opposed to AS media where no activity was detected. The results obtained showed that this enzyme has industrial application potential in the processes to produce either ethanol or malto-oligosaccharides from α-d-glucopyranosyl-(1-4)-α-d-glucopyranose (maltose).

  9. LABORATORY STUDIES ON THE EFFECTS OF FIVE ADULT DIETS ON SOME BIOLOGICAL ASPECTS OF NORMAL AND GAMMA IRRADIATED ADULT MEDITERRANEAN FRUIT FLY, CERATITIS CAPITATA (WIED.)

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    EL-AKHDAR, E.A.H.

    2008-01-01

    To improve the sterile insect technique for controlling the Mediterranean fruit fly, Ceratitis capitata (Wied.), experiments were carried out to test the effect of four new adult protein sources on the insect vitality. Different yeasts consisting of almost the same nutritive components but differ in the quantity of protein were mixed with sugar as carbohydrate sources (2:3) and compared to the standard adult diet (enzymatic yeast hydrolysate : sugar, 1:3). Adults reared on each diet were evaluated biologically for their response to gamma radiation (90 Gy). The weight and size of the produced pupae from parents fed on the tested diets, percent of adult emergence, sex ratio, adults survival, egg hatchability and male mating competitiveness value (C.V.) for the following generations were taken as monitors for the insect vitality. The results showed that adult male and female survival for 5, 10 and 15 days from emergence, percent egg hatchability and male mating competitiveness value (C.V.) showed no sharp differences between three tested diets D3(Af), D4(YE300) and D5(YE00) as compared to the standard diet D1(YH, enzymatic yeast hydrolysate : sugar, 1:3) for parents and F1 progeny. However, when the second tested diet D2(Ay150) was used, the results showed a significant decreases in most of the tested biological aspects, especially in the male mating competitiveness value (C.V.), which is considered the most important monitor for male insect vitality

  10. The advertisement calls of Quasipaa shini (Ahl, 1930) (Anura: Dicroglossidae).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kong, Shen Shen; Zheng, Rong Quan; Zhang, Qi Peng

    2016-12-04

    The genus Quasipaa (Family Dicroglossidae) is currently composed of 11 species distributed in China and Southeast Asia: Quasipaa acanthophora (Dubois & Ohler 2009), Q. boulengeri (Günther 1889), Q. courtoisi (Angel 1922), Q. delacouri (Angel 1928), Q. exilispinosa (Liu & Hu, 1975), Q. fasciculispina (Inger 1970), Q. jiulongensis (Huang & Liu, 1985), Q. shini (Ahl 1930), Q. spinosa (David 1875), Q. verrucospinosa (Bourret 1937), Q. yei (Chen, Qu & Jiang 2002) (Frost 2016). These species are morphologically similar, and their taxonomy is subject to controversy (Che et al. 2009). Analyses of nuclear and mitochondrial genes suggest the genus likely encompass additional cryptic species (Ye et al. 2013). Bioacoustics has contributed to studies on the taxonomy of the genus (Ye et al. 2013; Shen et al. 2015), however, to date, only the advertisement calls of Q. spinosa are known (Yu & Zheng 2009; Chen et al. 2012; Shen et al. 2015). Here, we describe the advertisement calls of Q. shini, which inhabits streams in the southern part of central China(Guizhou, Hunan, Guangxi and Jiangxi) and is characterized by the presence of keratinized skin spines on the lateral surfaces of the body.

  11. IMPACTS OF GROUP-BASED SIGNAL CONTROL POLICY ON DRIVER BEHAVIOR AND INTERSECTION SAFETY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Keshuang TANG

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Unlike the typical stage-based policy commonly applied in Japan, the group-based control (often called movement-based in the traffic control industry in Japan refers to such a control pattern that the controller is capable of separately allocating time to each signal group instead of stage based on traffic demand. In order to investigate its applicability at signalized intersections in Japan, an intersection located in Yokkaichi City of Mie Prefecture was selected as an experimental application site by the Japan Universal Traffic Management Society (UTMS. Based on the data collected at the intersection before and after implementing the group-based control policy respectively, this study evaluated the impacts of such a policy on driver behavior and intersection safety. To specify those impacts, a few models utilizing cycle-based data were first developed to interpret the occurrence probability and rate of red-light-running (RLR. Furthermore, analyses were performed on the yellow-entry time (Ye of the last cleared vehicle and post encroachment time (PET during the phase switching. Conclusions supported that the group-based control policy, along with certain other factors, directly or indirectly influenced the RLR behavior of through and right-turn traffics. Meanwhile, it has potential safety benefits as well, indicated by the declined Ye and increased PET values.

  12. BATI ANADOLU BOUGUER GRAVİTE ANOMALİLERİNİN SÜZGEÇLENMESİ VE YERKABUĞU KALINLIK DAĞILIMININ İNCELENMESİ

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fethi Ahmet YÜKSEL

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Batı Anadolu Bouguer Gravite haritasının yoruma hazırlanması için iki boyutlu alçak geçişli süzgeçler kullanılmıştır. Elde edilen rejyonal Bouguer gravite anomali haritasından alınan uygun doğrultudaki profillere Talwani yöntemi uygulanarak Batı Anadolu kabuk kalınlığı geometrisi modellenmiştir. Batı Anadolu kabuk kalınlığı kuzeyde Karadeniz sahillerinde ortalama 30 km'den başlayarak Göller Bölgesinde 35-40 km'ye ulaşmakta ve güneyde Akdeniz sahillerinde tekrar 32 km'ye düşerek inceldiği hesaplanmıştır. Ege sahillerinde ise, kabuk ortalama 32 km'den başlayarak Anadolu'nun içlerine doğru B-D doğrultusunda, 40 km. kalınlığa ulaştığı belirlenmiştir.

  13. THE FOCAL STRUCTURE IN MANDARIN VP-ELLIPSIS: A CROSS-LINGUISTIC PERSPECTIVE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ting-Chi Wei

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available This paper argues that Soh’s (2007 ΣP analysis only partially explains polarity operation in Mandarin VP-ellipsis. With new examples of the use of the particle que ‘however’, a polarity contrast of ye ‘also’, we propose that there are two focus projections in VP-ellipsis. One is the contrastive FocP headed by ye or que higher than TP and the other is the polarity PolP headed by an affirmative polarity focus shi ‘be’ or a covert negative polarity focus lower than TP. Foc interacts with Pol by a way of polarity concord, which is responsible for the polarity symmetry or asymmetry across two conjuncts. We suggest that the polarity concord is achieved via the Agree operation (Chomsky 2000, 2001 in line with Watanabe’s (2004 feature copying analysis of the negative concord. A cross-linguistic investigation of languages of various word orders, including English (SVO, Japanese (SOV, Atayal (VOS, and Bunun (VSO lends support to this focus account.

  14. Elicitor-induced transcription factors for metabolic reprogramming of secondary metabolism in Medicago truncatula

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dixon Richard A

    2008-12-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Exposure of Medicago truncatula cell suspension cultures to pathogen or wound signals leads to accumulation of various classes of flavonoid and/or triterpene defense molecules, orchestrated via a complex signalling network in which transcription factors (TFs are essential components. Results In this study, we analyzed TFs responding to yeast elicitor (YE or methyl jasmonate (MJ. From 502 differentially expressed TFs, WRKY and AP2/EREBP gene families were over-represented among YE-induced genes whereas Basic Helix-Loop-Helix (bHLH family members were more over-represented among the MJ-induced genes. Jasmonate ZIM-domain (JAZ transcriptional regulators were highly induced by MJ treatment. To investigate potential involvement of WRKY TFs in signalling, we expressed four Medicago WRKY genes in tobacco. Levels of soluble and wall bound phenolic compounds and lignin were increased in all cases. WRKY W109669 also induced tobacco endo-1,3-β-glucanase (NtPR2 and enhanced the systemic defense response to tobacco mosaic virus in transgenic tobacco plants. Conclusion These results confirm that Medicago WRKY TFs have broad roles in orchestrating metabolic responses to biotic stress, and that they also represent potentially valuable reagents for engineering metabolic changes that impact pathogen resistance.

  15. Tracing the sources of PCDD/Fs and PCBs in Lake Baikal

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mamontov, A.A.; Mamontova, E.A.; Tarasova, E.N.; McLachlan, M.S.

    2000-03-01

    Lake Baikal is a unique freshwater ecosystem that has been declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site. It contains high levels of PCBs, and Baikal seal were recently found to have PCDD/F concentrations comparable to those in the Baltic Sea. In this work fish and soil were analyzed to trace the sources of these compounds to the lake. The fish samples indicated that the PCDD/F and PCB contamination of Lake Baikal does not originate from background inputs and that the contamination increases from north to south. The soil inventory was determined at 34 sites around Lake Baikal and in the Angara River valley. For the PCDD/Fs and most PCBs, the soil inventory is a good approximation of the cumulative atmospheric deposition. It varied over a factor of 1,000, with the highest levels in Usol'ye Sibirskoe, a city 110 km north of the southwestern tip of the lake in the highly industrialized Angara River valley, and the lowest values in the pristine areas to the northeast of the lake. A continuous decrease in the soil inventory was observed moving from Usol'ye S. up the Angara River valley to Lake Baikal and from there northeastward along the lake.

  16. Effect of sampling and short isolation methodologies on the recovery of human pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from pig tonsils.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Van Damme, Inge; Berkvens, Dirk; De Zutter, Lieven

    2012-07-01

    The objective of this study was to determine the effect of sampling (swab samples compared to destructive samples) on isolation rates of human pathogenic Yersinia enterocolitica from pig tonsils. Moreover, the relative efficiency of different rapid, routinely applicable isolation methods was evaluated. Therefore, swab and destructive samples from tonsils of 120 pigs at slaughter were analyzed in parallel using direct plating and different enrichment methods. Salmonella-Shigella-desoxycholate-calcium chloride (SSDC) agar, cefsulodin-irgasan-novobiocin (CIN) agar, and Yersinia enterocolitica chromogenic medium (YeCM) were used as selective agar media. For enrichment, irgasan-ticarcillin-potassium chlorate (ITC) broth and peptone-sorbitol-bile (PSB) broth were incubated at 25°C for 48 h. Overall, 55 tonsils (45.8%) were positive for Y. enterocolitica bioserotype 4/O:3. Recovery was significantly higher using the destructive method compared to the swabbing method. Direct plating resulted in 47 and 28 Y. enterocolitica-positive destructive and swab samples, respectively. Alkali treatment of PSB and ITC enrichment broths significantly increased recovery of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica from destructive tonsil samples. The performance of YeCM for qualitative and quantitative isolation of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica from pig tonsils was equal to SSDC and CIN. In conclusion, direct plating and ISO 10273: 2003 with minor modifications are suitable and rapid methods for isolation of pathogenic Y. enterocolitica from destructive tonsil samples.

  17. Improved performance of photosynthetic light response equations with unified parameters for rice leaves with different SPAD values

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Xu, J.; Peng, S.; Kong, W.

    2015-01-01

    The rectangular hyperbola (RH), Mitscherlich (M) and YE equation were applied to describe the photosynthetic light response (PLR) curves measured from rice leaves with different SPAD values, to reveal the relationship between SPAD values and parameters in different equations, and to establish the modified PLR equations. The parameters in PLR equations are largely varied. SPAD value, as an indicator of leaf N contents, was highly correlated to the parameter of Pnmax in RH, M and YE equations. Incorporating the factor SPAD into PLR equations, the modified equations (MRH, MM, and MYE) were established which were feasible to describing the PLR curves for leaves with different SPAD values using the identical parameters for the ten PLR curves as a whole, and perform much better than the general PLR equations (GRH, GM, and GYE). It indicated that incorporating easy available indicators of leaf physiological and morphological traits in the PLR equations, such as SPAD as an indicator of leaf N or Chlorophyll contents, is an easy way to overcome the shortcoming of parameters variation in PLR equations between individuals of the same specie growing in different environments. Further validation should be done for different crops with both SPAD and other possible factors. (author)

  18. Engineering of Yersinia Phytases to Improve Pepsin and Trypsin Resistance and Thermostability and Application Potential in the Food and Feed Industry.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Niu, Canfang; Yang, Peilong; Luo, Huiying; Huang, Huoqing; Wang, Yaru; Yao, Bin

    2017-08-30

    Susceptibility to proteases usually limits the application of phytase. We sought to improve the pepsin and trypsin resistance of YeAPPA from Yersinia enterocolitica and YkAPPA from Y. kristensenii by optimizing amino acid polarity and charge. The predicted pepsin/trypsin cleavage sites F89/K226 in pepsin/trypsin-sensitive YeAPPA and the corresponding sites (F89/E226) in pepsin-sensitive but trypsin-resistant YkAPPA were substituted with S and H, respectively. Six variants were produced in Pichia pastoris for catalytic and biochemical characterization. F89S, E226H, and F89S/E226H elevated pepsin resistance and thermostability and K226H and F89S/K226H improved pepsin and trypsin resistance and stability at 60 °C and low pH. All the variants increased the ability of the proteins to hydrolyze phytate in corn meal by 2.6-14.9-fold in the presence of pepsin at 37 °C and low pH. This study developed a genetic manipulation strategy specific for pepsin/trypsin-sensitive phytases that can improve enzyme tolerance against proteases and heat and benefit the food and feed industry in a cost-effective way.

  19. Bezelyelerde Klorofil Degradasyonu ve Renk Kaybı Üzerine Isıl İşlemin Etkisi (İngilizce

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hande Selen Erge

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Bezelyelerde klorofilin termal degradasyon kinetiği ve görünür yeşil renkteki kayıp 70°, 80°, 90° ve 100 °C’de araştırılmıştır. Klorofil a ve klorofil b’nin parçalanması birinci dereceden bir kinetik model izlemektedir. Tristimulus kolorimetresi ile ölçülen -a, -a/b ve h (hue değerlerindeki değişim ile ortaya konulan görünür yeşil renkteki kayıp da birinci dereceden reaksiyona uymaktadır. Klorofil a ve b için aktivasyon enerjileri sırasıyla 47.78 and 26.77 kJ mol-1olarak belirlenirken; -a, -a/b ve h değerleri için aktivasyon enerjileri 49.75, 56.04 and 55.06 kJ mol-1 olarak saptanmıştır.

  20. Production of antihypertensive peptides by enzymatic zein hydrolysate from maize-zea mays ssp. mexicana introgression line

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Wang, L.; Zhang, X.; Qiao, Y.; Qu, M.

    2014-01-01

    Teosintes are essential gene reservoir for maize breeding improvement, among which Zea mays ssp. mexicana has many valuable traits deserved to be transferred into maize genetic background. In this study, one maize-teosinte introgression line SD00100 was selected from the population of Zea mays ssp. mexicana as wild parent. This introgression line manifested the outstanding agricultural traits similar to maize parent Ye 515 and alien genetic material was identified by genomic in situ hybridization (GISH). To produce bioactive peptides with potent angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE) inhibitory activity, zein extracted from endosperm meal was then undergone enzymatic hydrolysis with thermolysin and the hydrolysate was then filtered through a 3 kDa cut-off membrane. ACE inhibitory activity of permeate from Ye 515 and SD00100 was evaluated by RP-HPLC. The IC50 values of the peptides obtained from maize parent and the introgression line were 96.9 micro g/ml and 22.9 micro g/ml, respectively, with significant difference between them. Our results showed that an outstanding inbred maize line was obtained for production of antihypertensive peptides as well as for further development of functional food. (author)

  1. Supporting the Ukrainian Supervisory authority when installing of an enhanced operational monitoring system for Saporoshje NPP. Final report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Beyer, M.; Carl, H.; Reitz, T.

    2000-07-01

    The system to improve the operational monitoring of the unit 5 of the Zaporozh'ye NPP which was put into operation as a pilot project in the middle of the nineties has been extended to all six units and connected by means of modern communication hardware with the Information- and Crisis Centre (ICC) of the Ukrainian Supervisory Authority in Kiev. The technical means necessary for the completion of the local network in the Zaporozh'ye NPP were jointly specified, procured in Germany, tested in the necessary extent, consigned to the Ukraine and handed over free to the partner at the place of action. After an appropriate enlargement of the software for information processing, transfer and evaluation 159 safety related operational and 25 radiological measuring values of each of the six VVER-1000 units can be permanently recorded, online illustrated and evaluated on a computer in forms of diagrams, charts and graphs at the NPP site as well as transferred to the ICC. Thus, the same information quantity can be used for monitoring purposes in the ICC in Kiev. (orig.) [de

  2. İSTANBUL’DA YER ALAN YEŞİL RESTORAN İŞLETMELERİ HİZMET KALİTESİNİN GRSERV MODELİ İLE DEĞERLENDİRİLMESİ

    OpenAIRE

    Kurnaz, Alper; Özdoğan, Osman Nuri

    2017-01-01

    İnsanların çevreye ve sağlıklı ürüne olanilgileri sürekli artmaktadır. Bu artış ile birlikte dışarıda yeme içme ihtiyacısonucu yiyecek içecek işletmelerinde sunulan hizmetin kalitesi önemkazanmaktadır. Yeşil restoranların sürdürülebilir ürünler kullanması ve çevreyeduyarlı hizmetleri tercih etmesi müşteriler tarafından talep edilenuygulamalardır. Bu bağlamda yeşil restoranların sunmuş olduğu hizmetin niteliğive bunun ölçülmesi ihtiyaç haline gelmiştir. Bu ihtiyaç hizmet kalitesikavramını ön p...

  3. Weak scale from the maximum entropy principle

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamada, Yuta; Kawai, Hikaru; Kawana, Kiyoharu

    2015-03-01

    The theory of the multiverse and wormholes suggests that the parameters of the Standard Model (SM) are fixed in such a way that the radiation of the S3 universe at the final stage S_rad becomes maximum, which we call the maximum entropy principle. Although it is difficult to confirm this principle generally, for a few parameters of the SM, we can check whether S_rad actually becomes maximum at the observed values. In this paper, we regard S_rad at the final stage as a function of the weak scale (the Higgs expectation value) vh, and show that it becomes maximum around vh = {{O}} (300 GeV) when the dimensionless couplings in the SM, i.e., the Higgs self-coupling, the gauge couplings, and the Yukawa couplings are fixed. Roughly speaking, we find that the weak scale is given by vh ˜ T_{BBN}2 / (M_{pl}ye5), where ye is the Yukawa coupling of electron, T_BBN is the temperature at which the Big Bang nucleosynthesis starts, and M_pl is the Planck mass.

  4. The Effect of Alcohol on Bead Performance of Encapsulated Iron Using Deacetylated Glucomannan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wardhani Dyah H.

    2018-01-01

    Full Text Available The success of encapsulation to protect iron from inhibitor degradation or oxidation depends on many factors including the excipient characteritics. Glucomannan, a neutral heterosaccharide, has a potential for the excipient. To improve the excipient performances, glucomannan is deacetylated to remove the acetyl groups by reacted with Na2CO3. This deacylated glucomannan is subject to bead formation after iron loading. The alcohol solution is commonly used in bead forming as dehydration medium during the encapsulation process. The objective of this work was to study the effect of alcohol on the bead performance of encapsulated iron using deacetylated glucomannan. The bead forming was conducted by dropping the excipient into ethanol and isopropyl alcohol (IPA solution at various concentrations (50, 60, 70, 80 and 90% and two condition temperatures (27-30° and 7-10°C. The encapsulation samples were subject to yield (YE and efficiency of encapsulation (EE. The concentration of alcohol showed a positive impact on the yield and efficiency of encapsulation. Ethanol has a better performance compared with that of IPA regarding yield and efficiency of encapsulation. The optimum of yield bead formation (69.67% and highest EE (66.80% were obtained at 90% ethanol. Temperature of dehydration did not affect the YE and EE significantly.

  5. Participation of V. P. Adrianova-Peretts in the Ukrainian scientific life: epistolary discourse (on the 130th anniversary of the scientist

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shapoval A. I.

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available In the article through the analysis of the epistolary heritage of prominent Ukrainian and Russian philologist, literary critic, folklorist, corresponding member of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR and the Academy of Sciences of the USSR V. P. Adrianova-Peretts the partaking of the scientist in the Ukrainian scientific life, the contribution to the development of Ukrainian science and the cooperation with Ukrainian scientists is reflected. The source of the study was the correspondence of V. P. Adrianova-Peretts with Ukrainian scientists O. I. Biletskyi, V. V. Danylov, I. F. Yerofeiev, A. M. Loboda, A. R. Mazurkevych, V. I. Maslov, S. I. Maslov, L. Ye. Makhnovets, O. A. Nazarevskyi, P. M. Popov, Ye. I. Chepur, M. V. Sharleman, S. O. Shchehlova, and the correspondence of V. M. Peretts with S. O. Yefremov and A. Yu. Krymskyi, which is deposited in the fonds of the Institute of Archival Science and the Institute of Manuscript of V. I. Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, and the Central State Archive of Literature and Arts of Ukraine.

  6. Sosyal Medyada Yer Alan Markalara İlişkin Marka İmajının Güven Üzerindeki Etkisi

    OpenAIRE

    HACIEFENDİOĞLU, Şenol; FIRAT, Duygu

    2014-01-01

    İşletmeler, bugün çok önemli bir pazarlama ortamı haline gelen sosyal medyayı etkin bir şekilde kullanma çabası içindedirler. Bu çalışmada, sosyal medyada yer alan markaların marka imajının marka güveni oluşturmadaki etkisi araştırılmıştır. Araştırma, sosyal paylaşım sitelerine üye olan ve bu siteleri kullanan 483 kullanıcı üye ile yüzyüze anket yöntemi kullanılarak yapılmış ve elde edilen veriler değerlendirilmiştir. Marka imajı boyutları ile marka güveni arasındaki birebir ilişkiler korelas...

  7. Genetic diversity and paternal origin of domestic donkeys.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Han, H; Chen, N; Jordana, J; Li, C; Sun, T; Xia, X; Zhao, X; Ji, C; Shen, S; Yu, J; Ainhoa, F; Chen, H; Lei, C; Dang, R

    2017-12-01

    Numerous studies have been conducted to investigate genetic diversity, origins and domestication of donkey using autosomal microsatellites and the mitochondrial genome, whereas the male-specific region of the Y chromosome of modern donkeys is largely uncharacterized. In the current study, 14 published equine Y chromosome-specific microsatellites (Y-STR) were investigated in 395 male donkey samples from China, Egypt, Spain and Peru using fluorescent labeled microsatellite markers. The results showed that seven Y-STRs-EcaYP9, EcaYM2, EcaYE2, EcaYE3, EcaYNO1, EcaYNO2 and EcaYNO4-were male specific and polymorphic, showing two to eight alleles in the donkeys studied. A total of 21 haplotypes corresponding to three haplogroups were identified, indicating three independent patrilines in domestic donkey. These markers are useful for the study the Y-chromosome diversity and population genetics of donkeys in Africa, Europe, South America and China. © 2017 Stichting International Foundation for Animal Genetics.

  8. Response surface optimization for ethanol production from Pennisetum Alopecoider by Klebsiella oxytoca THLC0409

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lin, Chi-Wen; I, Yet-Pole [Department of Safety, Health and Environmental Engineering, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin 64002 (China); Tran, Dang-Thuan [Department of Chemical Engineering, National Cheng-Kung University, Tainan City 701 (China); Lai, Chi-Yung [Department of Biology, National Changhua University of Education, Changhua (China); Wu, Chih-Hung [Graduate School of Engineering Science and Technology, National Yunlin University of Science and Technology, Yunlin 64002 (China)

    2010-12-15

    The strain Klebsiella oxytoca THLC0409 was isolated from a lignocellulose-degrading microflora and used in the direct conversion of Napiergrass powder to ethanol. Central Composite Design (CCD), part of the Response Surface Methodology (RSM) was adopted to study the effects of the fermentation time, the initial pH of the liquid medium, the cultivation temperature, and the yeast extract (YE) concentration on ethanol production. A second-order model that relates the ethanol concentration to four basic factors was developed. Regression analysis revealed that the maximum ethanol concentration of 472 ppm could be reached at a fermentation time of about 11 days, an initial pH of 7.04, a cultivating temperature of 31 C, and a YE concentration of 7.0 g l{sup -1}. The adjusted R-square of the regression model was 0.996, indicating a good fit at 99.6% confidence level. The highest ethanol yield and productivity were estimated to be 82 g kg{sup -1} and 360 mg kg{sup -1} h{sup -1}, respectively. (author)

  9. Additions of precursors and elicitors improve geranylgeraniol production in Croton stellatopilosus callus cultures

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juraithip Wungsintaweekul

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Strategies for enhancing GGOH production in Croton stellatopilosus callus culture included additions of precursors (sodium acetate-NA, sodium pyruvate-NP, mevalonic acid lactone-MVA and elicitors (methyl jasmonate-MJ, acetylsalicylic acid-ASA, yeast extract-YE. Treated cells were evaluated for their GGOH contents by GC-FID and compared with the nontreated cells as controls. Additions of NA (25 mg/L, NP (50 mg/L and MVA (100 mg/L resulted in an enhancement of GGOH productivity to 0.61 mg/g DW, 0.52 mg/g DW and 0.70 mg/g DW, respectively, compared to the control culture (0.29 mg/g DW. Callus cultures elicited with MJ at 30 mg/L for 24 h stimulated GGOH production to 0.35 mg/g DW compared to the control culture (0.07 mg/g DW. Cells also responded to ASA (20 mg/L, 2 days and YE (0.25 g/L, 4 days and produced GGOH contents of 0.46 mg/g DW and 1.37 mg/g DW, respectively. This study has shown that isoprenoid precursors and conventional elicitors enhanced GGOH production in the C. stellatopilosus callus culture.

  10. Peat in Malaysia

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ambak, K. [MARDI - Integrated Peat Research Station, Johor (Malaysia); Ah Chye, L. [MARDI Jalan Kebun, Selangor (Malaysia). Vegetable Research Centre

    1996-12-31

    Malaysian peatlands occur mostly in the water-saturated basins of the coastal lowlands. They are approximately 25 000 km{sup 2} in extent, of which about 10 000 km{sup 2} are in Peninsular Malaysia and another 15 000 km{sup 2} are distributed in Sarawak and Sabah. In Peninsular Malaysia, peatland classification is based mainly on peat depth and loss on ignition. In Sarawak, a more comprehensive approach is adopted, based on peat depth and the type of underlying mineral materials. As for Sabah, the classification follows FAD/UNESCO guidelines. Malaysian peatland is utilised mainly for agriculture. At present, about 32 % of the peatland area in Peninsular Malaysia is used for this purpose. In Sarawak, a much smaller percentage is used for agriculture. The main crops grown are oil-palm, rubber, coconut, padi and pineapple. Based on {sup 14}C datings, it has been estimated that peat in this region began to form between 4 000 and 5 000 years ago. The overall rate of accumulation of the peat since its initial formation has been about 2.81 mm ye` whereas the average rate during the early stages of formation ( 12-10 m) was 4.76 mm ye. In the intermediate stage (10-5 m), the average annual accumulation rate decreased to 3.14 mm, and to 2.22 mm in the final phase (5 m to the surface). (orig.) (17 refs.)

  11. Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi Hipotezi: Türkiye İçin Eşbütünleşme ve Nedensellik Analizi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fuat LEBE

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Bu çalışmanın amacı, Türkiye’nin 1960-2010 dönemi için Çevresel Kuznets Eğrisi (EKC hipotezinin geçerliliğini test etmektir. Değişkenler arasındaki ilişki ARDL sınır testi ile Granger nedensellik testiyle araştırılmıştır. Analiz sonucu, EKC hipotezinin Türkiye için geçerli olduğu ve özellikle enerji tüketimi (EC, finansal gelişme (FD ve dışa açıklığın (OP karbondioksit (CO2 emisyonunu arttırdığı tespit edilmiştir. Nedensellik testi sonucuna göre, kısa dönemde FD’den CO2 emisyonuna, EC’ye ve GDP’ye doğru tek yönlü nedensellik belirlenmiştir. Uzun dönemde ise CO2 emisyonu ile EC, CO2 emisyonu ile ekonomik büyüme (EG ve CO2 emisyonu ile FD arasında feed-back (geri-besleme hipotezini doğrulayan bulgular elde edilmiştir.

  12. TECHNICAL COORDINATION SCHEDULE & INTEGRATION

    CERN Multimedia

    W. Zeuner

    Introduction The endgame of CMS installation in the underground cavern is in full swing, with several major milestones having been passed since the last CMS week. The Tracker was installed inside the Vactank just before the CERN end-of-year shutdown. Shortly after the reopening in 2008, the two remaining endcap disks, YE-2 and YE-1, were lowered, marking the completion of eight years of assembly in the surface building SX5. The remaining tasks, before the detector can be closed for the Cosmic Run At Four Tesla (CRAFT), are the installation of the thermal shields, the cabling of the negative endcap, the cabling of the tracker and the beam pipe installation. In addition to these installation tasks, a test closure of the positive endcap is planned just before the installation of the central beam pipe. The schedule is tight and complicated but the goal to close CMS by the end of May for a cosmic test with magnetic field remains feasible. Safety With all large components now being underground, the shortage...

  13. Fortification of Wheat Bread with Agroindustry By-Products: Statistical Methods for Sensory Preference Evaluation and Correlation with Color and Crumb Structure.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Martins, Z E; Pinho, O; Ferreira, I M P L V O

    2017-09-01

    The use of agroindustry by-products (BP) for fortification of wheat bread can be an alternative to waste disposal because BP are appealing sources of dietary fiber. Moreover, it may also contribute to indirect income generation. In this study, sensory, color, and crumb structure properties of breads fortified with fiber rich fraction recovered from four types of agroindustry BP were tested, namely orange (OE), pomegranate (PE), elderberry (EE), and spent yeast (YE). Statistical models for sensory preference evaluation and correlation with color and crumb structure were developed. External preference mapping indicated consumer preferences and enabled selection of the concentrations of BP fibre-rich fraction with best acceptance, namely 7.0% EE, 2.5% OE, 5.0% PE, and 2.5% YE. Data collected from image analysis complemented sensory profile information, whereas multivariate PLS regression provided information on the relationship between "crust color" and "crumb color" and instrumental data. Regression models developed for both sensory attributes presented good fitting (R 2 Y > 0.700) and predictive ability (Q 2 > 0.500), with low RMSE. Crust and crumb a* parameters had a positive influence on "crust color" and "crumb color" models, while crust L* and b* had a negative influence. © 2017 Institute of Food Technologists®.

  14. Online Dictionaries on the Internet: An Overview for the African Languages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gilles-Maurice de Schryver

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract: The main purpose of this research article is rather bold, in that an attempt is made at a comprehensive overview of all currently available African-language Internet dictionaries. Quite surprisingly, a substantial number of such dictionaries is already available, for a large number of languages, with a relatively large number of users. The key characteristics of these dictionaries and various cross-language distributions are expounded on. In a second section the first South African online dictionary interface is introduced. Although compiled by just a small number of scholars, this dictionary contains a world's first in that lexicographic customisation is implemented on various levels in real time on the Internet.

    Keywords: LEXICOGRAPHY, TERMINOLOGY, DICTIONARIES, INTERNET, ONLINE, LOOK-UP MODE, BROWSE MODE, AFRICAN LANGUAGES, SESOTHO SA LEBOA, SIMULTANEOUS FEEDBACK, FUZZY SF, CUSTOMISATION

    Senaganwa: Dipukuntšu tša online tše di lego mo Inthaneteng: Ponokakaretšoya maleme a Afrika. Morero wo mogolo wa taodišwana ye ya nyakišišo ke wo otiilego ka ge teko e dirilwe ka tebelelo ya kakaretšo ye e tletšego go dipukuntšu ka moka tša Inthanetetšeo di šetšego di le gona mo malemeng a Afrika. Sa go makatša ke gore go šetše go na le paloye ntši ya dipukuntšu tše bjalo mo malemeng a mantši gape di na le badiriši ba bantši. Go hlalošwadipharologantšho tše bohlokwa tša dipukuntšu tše le ka moo diphatlalatšo di dirwago ka gonagare ga maleme a mantši a go fapana. Mo karolong ya bobedi go tsebišwa pukuntšu ya online ye elego ya pele gape e lego ya makgonthe ya Afrika Borwa. Le ge e le gore pukuntšu ye e hlamilwe kedirutegi di se kae, e šetše e tšea sefoka lefaseng ka bophara. Se ke ka lebaka la gore pukuntšu ye edirilwe ka tsela yeo e lego gore dilo di ka beakanywa gore di itšweletše ka botšona gomme tšalokela batho ka moka bao ba e dirišago mo Inthaneteng ka yona nako yeo.

    Mantšu a

  15. SU-F-J-208: Prompt Gamma Imaging-Based Prediction of Bragg Peak Position for Realistic Treatment Error Scenarios

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Xing, Y; Macq, B; Bondar, L [Universite catholique de Louvain, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium); Janssens, G [IBA, Louvain-la-Neuve (Belgium)

    2016-06-15

    complex error scenarios. Yafei Xing and Luiza Bondar are funded by BEWARE grants from the Walloon Region. The work presents simulations results for a prompt gamma camera prototype developed by IBA.

  16. Infestation of Palm Trees by Triatomines (Hemiptera: Reduviidae in the State of Bahia, Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rodrigo Gurgel-Gonçalves

    2012-12-01

    Resumo. As palmeiras desempenham papéis importantes como habitats de reprodução e alimentação para triatomíneos silvestres, vetores da doença de Chagas. A ocorrência de triatomíneos em palmeiras peridomiciliares pode aumentar o risco de invasão desses insetos em domicílios e deve ser considerada para desenvolver estratégias de prevenção. Com objetivo de investigar a infestação de palmeiras por triatomíneos no Estado da Bahia e determinar a infecção natural desses insetos por Trypanosoma spp., foram amostradas 183 palmeiras em 12 municípios entre 2006 e 2011 utilizando captura manual e/ou armadilhas adesivas iscadas com camundongos. Os triatomíneos foram detectados em 79 palmeiras (43% das espécies Copernicia prunifera (Mart. Becc., Mauritia flexuosa L. e Attalea spp. (Attalea burretiana Bondar ou Attalea salvadorensis Glassman. Em outras espécies de palmeiras (Syagrus coronata (Mill H.E. Moore, Attalea funifera Mart ex. Spreng e Elaeis guineensis Jacq não foram detectados triatomíneos. Rhodnius neglectus Lent, Triatoma sordida (Stål, e Triatoma pseudomaculata Corrêa & Espínola ocorreram em C. prunifera ao longo do rio São Francisco. No extremo oeste da Bahia, R. neglectus e Psammolestes tertius Lent & Jurberg foram detectados em M. flexuosa, enquanto Triatoma tibiamaculata (Pinto ocorreu em Attalea sp. em áreas urbanas de Salvador. No total, 180 triatomíneos foram capturados, principalmente R. neglectus. A maior taxa de infecção natural (61% foi observada em T. tibiamaculata. Os resultados indicam que pelo menos três espécies de palmeiras são habitats favoráveis para triatomíneos no estado da Bahia e ocorrem no ambiente peridomiciliar, o que pode aumentar a probabilidade de invasão de triatomíneos nas casas.

  17. 中西方古典音乐放松效果及生理唤醒对比——莫扎特D大调双钢琴奏鸣曲K.448与春江花月夜曲%On the Comparison of Perceived and Physiological Indicators of Relaxation of Chinese and Western Classical Music

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李哲; 汤永隆; 邓丽俐; 赵玉芳

    2009-01-01

    以33名大学本科生为实验对象,随机安排在10 min的莫扎特奏鸣曲K.448、春江花月夜曲或无音乐条件中,被试在实验前后自评其放松效果,记录其心率、皮温、皮电生理指标.结果表明:在清醒、注意和心率上,音乐类型和测量时间的交互作用显著;莫扎特音乐组在清醒、注意和心率均呈上升趋势,而另两组呈下降趋势;春江花月夜组心率显著下降,放松增加感高于其他两组;其他指标无显著差异.%The research conducted a comparison of the subjective and objective indicators of relaxation under Western classical music and Chinese classical music backgrounds. Thirty-three undergraduate students were randomly assigned to listen to one of two relaxation ("Mozart Sonata for Two Pianos in D Major-K. 448" or "Chun Jiang Hua Yue Ye") or control (silence) conditions for 10 minutes. The students' self-reports of arousal, attention, mood, and relaxation before and after exposure to the music condition, and records of HR, TEMP and SC biofeedback were obtained. By using MANOVA to analyze data in different music backgrounds and different experimental phases, the results indicated that arousal, attention and HR of participants showed significant interaction between music type and experimental phases. Participants' arousal, attention and HR in Mozart group have a greater increase than other two groups. In Chun Jiang Hua Yue Ye group, participants" HR has a significant greater decrease; the relaxation in Chun Jiang Hua Yue Ye group was the highest among three groups. However, no differences were found between different types of music on mood, SC and TEMP. To Chinese people, Chinese classical music has more relaxation effect than Western classical music.

  18. Space motion sickness: The sensory motor controls and cardiovascular correlation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Souvestre, Philippe A.; Blaber, Andrew P.; Landrock, Clinton K.

    Background and PurposeSpace motion sickness (SMS) and related symptoms remain a major limiting factor in Space operations. A recent comprehensive literature review [J.R. Lackner, Z. DiZio, Space motion sickness, Experimental Brain Research 175 (2006) 377-399, doi 10.1007/s00221-006-0697-y] concluded that SMS does not represent a unique diagnostic entity, and there is no adequate predictor of SMS' susceptibility and severity. No countermeasure has been found reliable to prevent or treat SMS symptoms onset. Recent neurophysiological findings on sensory-motor controls monitoring [P.A. Souvestre, C. Landrock, Biomedical-performance monitoring and assessment of astronauts by means of an ocular vestibular monitoring system, Acta Astronautica, 60 (4-7) (2007) 313-321, doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.08.013] and heart-rate variability (HRV) measurements relationship could explain post-flight orthostatic intolerance (PFOI) in astronauts [A.P. Blaber, R.L. Bondar, M.S. Kassam, Heart rate variability and short duration space flight: relationship to post-flight orthostatic intolerance, BMC Physiology 4 (2004) 6]. These two methodologies are generally overlooked in SMS' analysis. In this paper we present the case for a strong relationship between sensory-motor controls related symptoms, including orthostatic intolerance (OI) and SMS symptoms. MethodsThis paper expands on several previously published papers [J.R. Lackner, Z. DiZio, Space motion sickness, Experimental Brain Research 175 (2006) 377-399, doi 10.1007/s00221-006-0697-y; P.A. Souvestre, C. Landrock, Biomedical-performance monitoring and assessment of astronauts by means of an ocular vestibular monitoring system, Acta Astronautica, 60 (4-7) (2007) 313-321, doi:10.1016/j.actaastro.2006.08.013] along with an updated literature review. An analysis of a 10-year period clinical data from trauma patients experiencing postural deficiency syndrome (PDS) show assessment and monitoring techniques which successfully identify trauma

  19. İŞLETMELERİN SOSYAL SORUMLULUK ANLAYIŞININ UZANTISI OLARAK YEŞİL PAZARLAMA BAĞLAMINDA YEŞİL REKLAMLAR - GREEN ADVERTISEMENTS IN THE CONTEXT OF GREEN MARKETING AS AN EXTENSION OF THE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY UNDERSTANDING OF COMPANIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Betül ÖZKAYA

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Özet:Ekolojik dengeyi tehdit etmekte olan çevresel sorunlarher geçen gün hızla artmaktadır. Doğal kaynakların azalması,ozon tabakasının incelmesi, hızlı nüfus artışı, su ve havakirliliği gibi dünyanın yaşam kalitesini tehdit eden küreselsorunlar ve bunlara çözüm arayışları sosyal sorumluluk, yeşilpazarlama ve yeşil reklam gibi kavramların öneminiarttırmıştır. İşletme faaliyetlerinin çevreye duyarlı olmasınınen önemli nedeni, özellikle son yıllarda yaşanan küresel çevresorunlarıdır. Küresel çevre sorunları üzerinde işletmelerinetkisi büyüktür. Bu nedenle işletmelerin çevresel sorunlarakarşı sorumlulukları da büyük olmalıdır. Yaşanan bugelişmeler sonucunda işletmeler, toplumun bir üyesi olarakçevre açısından sorumlu bir şekilde davranmaları gerektiğininbilincine varmaya başlamışlar ve bu anlayışı hem ekonomikhem de sosyal faaliyetleri ile de bütünleştirerek yeşilpazarlama ve yeşil reklam faaliyetlerine yoğun bir şekildeyansıtma çabası içine girmişlerdir.Abstract:Environmental problems that severely threatens theecological balance increases day by day. The global problems;the decline of the natural resources, continuous depletion ofthe ozone layer, rapid population increase, water and airpollutions, that threatens the quality of world's life and thesearch for solution, social responsibility brings and emphasizethe concepts such as green marketing and greenadvertisement. The main reason why the company activitiesare sensitive about environment is expressly the recent globalenvironmental problems. Managements have an unfavorableeffect on global environmental problems, that's why they musthave a heavy responsibility. As a result of the latestdevelopments managements as a member of the society, theycomprehended the fact that they also must act responsibly andthis responsible understanding must be integrated with botheconomical and social activities to

  20. Dicty_cDB: SLH208 [Dicty_cDB

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available SL (Link to library) SLH208 (Link to dictyBase) - - - Contig-U10711-1 SLH208P (Link to Original site) SLH2...08F 517 SLH208Z 692 SLH208P 1209 - - Show SLH208 Library SL (Link to library) Clone ID SLH2...e URL http://dictycdb.biol.tsukuba.ac.jp/CSM/SL/SLH2-A/SLH208Q.Seq.d/ Representative seq. ID SLH2...08P (Link to Original site) Representative DNA sequence >SLH208 (SLH208Q) /CSM/SL/SLH2-A/SLH2...wfr*fpfkimei*llnnstsltlpppplsiihil*lql*ye Homology vs CSM-cDNA Score E Sequences producing significant alignments: (bits) Value SLH2