WorldWideScience

Sample records for line parameters 4300-7000

  1. ILC Extraction Line Simulations with TDR Parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Marin, Eduardo

    2014-01-01

    The goal of this study is to evaluate the impact of the latest ILC beam parameters at the Interaction Point (IP), as specified in the 2013 ILC Technical Design Report (TDR), on beam losses in the extraction line. The previous beam loss evaluation was based on the parameters specified in the 2007 ILC Reference Design Report (RDR). The results of this study are compared to the results obtained in the past for the ``nominal'' and the ``low power'' (low-P) parameter options of the RDR. The initial disrupted beam distribution at IP was generated using Guinea-Pig code, and the beam losses were obtained in tracking simulations using DIMAD. The study is performed for 500 GeV center-of-mass beam energy and the extraction line optics corresponding to the latest final focus optics with L* = 4.5 m, with and without detector solenoid.

  2. Asymmetry parameter of peaked Fano line shapes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meierott, S.; Hotz, T.; Néel, N.; Kröger, J.

    2016-10-01

    The spectroscopic line shape of electronic and vibrational excitations is ubiquitously described by a Fano profile. In the case of nearly symmetric and peaked Fano line shapes, the fit of the conventional Fano function to experimental data leads to difficulties in unambiguously extracting the asymmetry parameter, which may vary over orders of magnitude without degrading the quality of the fit. Moreover, the extracted asymmetry parameter depends on initially guessed values. Using the spectroscopic signature of the single-Co Kondo effect on Au(110) the ambiguity of the extracted asymmetry parameter is traced to the highly symmetric resonance profile combined with the inevitable scattering of experimental data. An improved parameterization of the conventional Fano function is suggested that enables the nonlinear optimization in a reduced parameter space. In addition, the presence of a global minimum in the sum of squared residuals and thus the independence of start parameters may conveniently be identified in a two-dimensional plot. An angular representation of the asymmetry parameter is suggested in order to reliably determine uncertainty margins via linear error propagation.

  3. Discontinuities, Feynman parameters and d-lines

    CERN Document Server

    Halliday, I G

    1977-01-01

    The calculation of asymptotic limits of Feynman diagrams using Feynman parameter techniques has developed a powerful and useful technology. A major gap in this armory has concerned the calculation of specific discontinuities of Feynman diagrams. The author remedies this gap and illustrates the new technique on a series of familiar situations. These include in the Regge limit, the ladder and the AFS diagrams, and the x approximately 1 deep inelastic electroproduction region. (4 refs).

  4. Study of automatic designing of line heating technique parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Based on experimental data of line heating, the methods of vector mapping, plane projection, and coordinate converting are presented to establish the spectra for line heating distortion discipline which shows the relationship between process parameters and distortion parameters of line heating. Back-propagation network (BP-net) is used to modify the spectra.Mathematical models for optimizing line heating techniques parameters, which include two-objective functions,are constructed. To convert the multi-objective optimization into a single-objective one, the method of changing weight coefficient is used, and then the individual fitness function is built up. Taking the number of heating lines, distance between the heating lines' border (line space), and shrink quantity of lines as three restrictive conditions,a hierarchy genetic algorithm (HGA) code is established by making use of information provided by the spectra, in which inner coding and outer coding adopt different heredity arithmetic operators in inherent operating. The numerical example shows that the spectra for line heating distortion discipline presented here can provide accurate information required by techniques parameter prediction of line heating process and the technique parameter optimization method based on HGA provided here can obtain good results for hull plate.

  5. Studies on the key parameters in segmental lining design

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhenchang Guan; Tao Deng; Gang Wang; Yujing Jiang

    2015-01-01

    The uniform ring model and the shell-spring model for segmental lining design are reviewed in this article. The former is the most promising means to reflect the real behavior of segmental lining, while the latter is the most popular means in practice due to its simplicity. To understand the relationship and the difference between these two models, both of them are applied to the engineering practice of Fuzhou Metro Line I, where the key parameters used in both models are described and compared. The effective ratio of bending rigidity h reflecting the relative stiffness between segmental lining and surrounding ground and the transfer ratio of bending moment x reflecting the relative stiffness between segment and joint, which are two key parameters used in the uniform ring model, are especially emphasized. The reasonable values for these two key parameters are calibrated by comparing the bending moments calculated from both two models. Through case studies, it is concluded that the effective ratio of bending rigidity h increases significantly with good soil properties, increases slightly with increasing overburden, and decreases slightly with increasing water head. Meanwhile, the transfer ratio of bending moment x seems to only relate to the properties of segmental lining itself and has a minor relation with the ground conditions. These results could facilitate the design practice for Fuzhou Metro Line I, and could also provide some references to other projects with respect to similar scenarios.

  6. Distribution Line Parameter Estimation Under Consideration of Measurement Tolerances

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Prostejovsky, Alexander; Gehrke, Oliver; Kosek, Anna Magdalena

    2016-01-01

    State estimation and control approaches in electric distribution grids rely on precise electric models that may be inaccurate. This work presents a novel method of estimating distribution line parameters using only root mean square voltage and power measurements under consideration of measurement...

  7. Stark Broadening Parameters for Neutral Oxygen Spectral Lines

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    N. Alonizan; R. Qindeel; N. Ben Nessib; S. Sahal-Bréchot; Milan S. Dimitrijević

    2015-12-01

    Stark broadening parameters for nine neutral oxygen (O I) lines have been determined within the impact approximation and the semiclassical perturbation method. The atomic data have been taken from the TOPbase and NIST atomic databases. The electron and proton Stark widths and shifts and ion broadening parameter values for these O I lines have been calculated for electron density of 1016 cm$^{−3}$ and for 4 different electron temperatures in the range of 5000 K to 40000 K. These Stark broadening parameters are compared with our previous results (Ben Nessib, N. et al. 1996, Physica Scripta, 54, 603–613), where we calculated Stark broadening parameters for only four O I spectral lines and where Stark widths and shifts were compared with experimental and theoretical data available in the literature. In the present paper, we have also compared our results with the Griem's book (Griem, H. R. 1974, Spectral line broadening by plasmas) and VALD (Ryabchikova, T. et al. 2015, Physica Scripta, 90, 054005) values.

  8. Conversion from constitutive parameters to dispersive transmission line parameters for multi-band metamaterials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ozturk, Yusuf; Egemen Yilmaz, Asim; Ozbay, Ekmel

    2016-04-01

    In this study, we explain an approach including conversion from constitutive parameters to dispersive transmission line parameters using the double-band DNG (double-negative) properties of the circular type fishnet metamaterials. After designing the metamaterial structure, the numerical calculations and the composite right/left-handed (CRLH) modeling of circular-type metamaterials are realized in free space. Detailed dispersion characteristics give us the opportunity to explain the true behavior of the inclusions during the analysis stage. By combining the results coming from the standard retrieval procedure with the conventional CRLH theory, we calculate the actual values of the transmission line parameters for all frequency regimes. The constitutive parameters of an equivalent CRLH transmission line are derived and shown to be negative values. It is shown that the constitutive parameters present the same behavior for all negative refractive index regimes. The double-negative properties and the phase advance/lag behavior of metamaterials are observed based on the dispersive transmission line parameters.

  9. Off-Line Identification of Induction Motor Parameters

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Liu Junfeng; Luo Hui; Wan Shuyun

    2005-01-01

    This study presented an off-line identification method of induction motor (IM) parameters. Before startup,the inverter drive performed automatically a modified DC test, a locked-rotor test, a no-load test and a step-voltage test to identify all the parameters of an induction motor. No manual operation and speed signals were required in the process. In order to obtain effective messages and improve the accuracy of identification, the discrete fast Fourier transform (DFFT) and the least-squares were used to process the signals of currents and voltages. A phase-voltage measuring method for motors was also proposed, which measured directly the actual conducting time of three upper switches in the inverter without need for a dead-time compensator. The validity, reliability and accuracy of the presented methods have been verified by the experiments on a VSI-fed IM drive system.

  10. Optimal line drop compensation parameters under multi-operating conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wan, Yuan; Li, Hang; Wang, Kai; He, Zhe

    2017-01-01

    Line Drop Compensation (LDC) is a main function of Reactive Current Compensation (RCC) which is developed to improve voltage stability. While LDC has benefit to voltage, it may deteriorate the small-disturbance rotor angle stability of power system. In present paper, an intelligent algorithm which is combined by Genetic Algorithm (GA) and Backpropagation Neural Network (BPNN) is proposed to optimize parameters of LDC. The objective function proposed in present paper takes consideration of voltage deviation and power system oscillation minimal damping ratio under multi-operating conditions. A simulation based on middle area of Jiangxi province power system is used to demonstrate the intelligent algorithm. The optimization result shows that coordinate optimized parameters can meet the multioperating conditions requirement and improve voltage stability as much as possible while guaranteeing enough damping ratio.

  11. Analysis and Experimental Evaluation of Power Line Transmission Parameters for Power Line Communication

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mlynek, P.; Misurec, J.; Koutny, M.; Fujdiak, R.; Jedlicka, T.

    2015-04-01

    The article describes a way of evaluating the power line channel frequency response and input impedance by means of the linear time-invariant (LTI) power line generator. Two possible methods are introduced for the calculation of primary parameters: the first method depends on the physical realization and physical dimension of the cable, and the second method is derived from the data provided by typical electrical cable manufacturers. Based on these methods, a comparison of transfer functions was made. This is followed by measurement evaluation and numerical verification on a simple topology

  12. On-line estimation of concentration parameters in fermentation processes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XIONG Zhi-hua; HUANG Guo-hong; SHAO Hui-he

    2005-01-01

    It has long been thought that bioprocess, with their inherent measurement difficulties and complex dynamics, posed almost insurmountable problems to engineers. A novel software sensor is proposed to make more effective use of those measurements that are already available, which enable improvement in fermentation process control. The proposed method is based on mixtures of Gaussian processes (GP) with expectation maximization (EM) algorithm employed for parameter estimation of mixture of models. The mixture model can alleviate computational complexity of GP and also accord with changes of operating condition in fermentation processes, i.e., it would certainly be able to examine what types of process-knowledge would be most relevant for local models' specific operating points of the process and then combine them into a global one. Demonstrated by on-line estimate of yeast concentration in fermentation industry as an example, it is shown that soft sensor based state estimation is a powerful technique for both enhancing automatic control performance of biological systems and implementing on-line monitoring and optimization.

  13. CRED REA Coral Population Parameters at Jarvis, Line Islands, 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 6 sites at Jarvis in the Line...

  14. On-line Identification of the DC motor Parameters by using Least Mean Square Recursive Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marian Gaiceanu

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available The on-line least square parameters (electrical and mechanical identification method of the separately DC motor is presented in this paper. The parameters of the DC machine are time dependent; therefore, for the DC drive control the on-line parameters identification procedure is mandatory. By knowing accurately the DC motor parameters, the parameters of the DC speed and current cascade controllers can be obtained.

  15. Updating parameters of the chicken processing line model

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kurowicka, Dorota; Nauta, Maarten; Jozwiak, Katarzyna

    2010-01-01

    A mathematical model of chicken processing that quantitatively describes the transmission of Campylobacter on chicken carcasses from slaughter to chicken meat product has been developed in Nauta et al. (2005). This model was quantified with expert judgment. Recent availability of data allows...... of the chicken processing line model....

  16. Discrete Straight Line Segments: Parameters, Primitives and Properties

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Dorst, L.; Smeulders, A.W.M.; Melter, R.; Bhattacharya, P.; Rosenfeld, A.

    1991-01-01

    Digitizing the continuous world unavoidably looses information; as a consequence, geometrical properties of real-world objects can only be estimated from the digital data. For continuous straight lines and straight object boundaries, we show the best accuracy that can be reached in the estimation

  17. Molecular Line Parameters & VAMDC: An Atmospheric/Laboratory Physicist Point of View

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Christof

    2017-09-01

    "Molecular line parameters are used to interpret observational spectra and are an integral part in the data evaluation chain. Given from the perspective of a laboratory physicist, this talk provides an overview on molecular line parameters, how they are obtained and how they are made available to the user. Taking NH3 and O3 as two example molecules, the problem of measuring and modelling line parameters using current technologies from the UV to the mid-infrared are described and associated uncertainties are discussed. We also cover availability and access of molecular line data through the database infrastructure VAMDC (http://portal.vamdc.org/)."

  18. Study of Molecular Line Parameters down to Very Low Temperature

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondelain, D.; Camy-Peyret, C.; Deng, W.; Payan, S.; Mantz, A. W.

    2008-01-01

    The impact of precise spectroscopic measurements on the P(9) multiplet in the v3 band of 12CH4, obtained using a newly developed cold Herriott cell coupled with a tunable diode laser spectrometer, is examined in the context of remote sensing of methane in the atmosphere. More specifically, the influence of the air-broadening temperature dependence, of line narrowing and of line-mixing effects is assessed when fitting high resolution atmospheric spectra recorded from a balloon in the solar occultation mode. This is achieved by considering residuals and retrieved methane volume mixing ratio profiles. By combining data from previous studies together with new measurements, the expression for the temperature dependence of the broadening coefficient has been revisited. It is shown that a correcting factor applied to the usual law gives better results, when considering all the available measurements from room temperature down to about 10-20 K, as compared to the usual expression of the width versus temperature. These results clearly demonstrate that collision broadening is more sensitive to long-range attractive forces when the temperature is decreased.

  19. Study of the Optics Parameters in the LT-LTB-BI Transfer Line

    CERN Document Server

    Hanke, K; CERN. Geneva. AB Department

    2003-01-01

    The Twiss parameters and dispersion in the Linac II to Booster transfer line (LT-LTB-BI) have been measured during the 2003 run. For the Twiss parameters, we find very good agreement between simulation and measurement. Furthermore, the line appears to be very well matched at the Booster injection point. Also for the dispersion, we find very good agreement of simulation and measurements. We have computed and experimentally tested a new optics, which nullifies the dispersion and dispersion derivative in the last part of the line (achromatic line). Although such a solution exists on paper, it was found that good transmission and minimised dispersion are conflicting constraints.

  20. Dependence of the broad Fe K$\\alpha$ line on the physical parameters of AGN

    CERN Document Server

    Liu, Zhu; Lu, Youjun; Carrera, Francisco J; Falocco, Serena; Dong, Xiao-Bo

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, the dependence of the broad Fe K$\\alpha$ line on the physical parameters of AGN, such as the black hole mass $M_{BH}$, accretion rate (equivalently represented by Eddington ratio $\\lambda_{Edd}$), and optical classification, is investigated by applying the X-ray spectra stacking method to a large sample of AGN which have well measured optical parameters. A broad line feature is detected ($>3\\sigma$) in the stacked spectra of the high $\\lambda_{Edd}$ sub-sample ($\\log\\lambda_{Edd}>-0.9$). The profile of the broad line can be well fitted with relativistic broad line model, with the line energy consistent with highly ionized Fe K$\\alpha$ line (i.e. Fe xxvi). A model consisting of multiple narrow lines cannot be ruled out, however. We found hints that the Fe K line becomes broader as the $\\lambda_{Edd}$ increases. No broad line feature is shown in the sub-sample of broad-line Seyfert 1 (BLS1) galaxies and in the full sample, while a broad line might be present, though at low significance, in the su...

  1. Physical Parameters of a Flare Derived from Multi-line 2D Spectroscopy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    Time series of 2D spectra of Hα and CaII λ8542 for a flare of 1999 December 22 are obtained and analyzed with a new fitting technique. The method we proposed can simultaneously yield the four parameters: the line source function, the optical thickness at line center, the line-of-sight velocity and the Doppler width. We present the spatial distributions of the physical parameters and their temporal evolutions determined from the 2D spectra. Our results are consistent with the general picture predicted by the flare dynamic models.

  2. Design of operation parameters of a high speed TDI CCD line scan camera

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper analyzes the operation parameters of the time delay and integration (TDI) line scan CCD camera, such as resolution, line rate, clock frequency, etc. and their mathematical relationship is deduced. By analyzing and calculating these parameters, the working clocks of the TDI CCD line scan camera are designed,which guarantees the synchronization of the line scan rate and the camera movement speed. The IL - E2 TDI CCD of DALSA Co. is used as the sensor of the camera in the paper. The working clock generator used for the TDI CCD sensor is realized by using the programmable logic device (PLD). The experimental results show that the working clock generator circuit satisfies the requirement of high speed TDI CCD line scan camera.

  3. On-orbit Geometric Parameters Refinement of Mapping Satellite-1 Triple Line Array Camera

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    GENG Hongyi

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available To find the model and method of on-orbit geometric refinement suitable for the triple line array camera of Mapping Satellite-1, this paper first analyzed the impact of the exterior orientation line element error on the geometric parameters refinement, then eliminated the high-frequency noise by the preprocessing of the attitude data, and compensated the low-frequency flutter of satellite platform in the course of flying by sine function and designed the constant angular error model for the lens of the triple line array camera. In addition, an interior orientation model, using directly pixel coordinates as observations, was constructed based on conventional additional parameter model and the combination of the best refinement model parameters and the solution strategy were determined by the unilateral control extrapolative location. The experiments show that the planar accuracy and vertical accuracy are about 1 GSD and 0.8 GSD by the proposed refinement plan and the rational distribution of GCPS.

  4. Melting Line Parameters and Thermodynamic Properties of Methane at High Pressures

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yakub, L. N.; Bodiul, E. S.

    2017-04-01

    The location of the melting line in the phase diagram of methane was predicted using two theoretical equations of state: for solid and fluid phases. The equations of state for both phases are constructed in the framework of thermodynamic perturbation theory, considering the octupole-octupole interaction of methane molecules as a perturbation. The results of calculations of the melting line parameters are compared with experimental and computer simulation data.

  5. On-line parameter, state-of-charge and aging estimation of Li-ion batteries

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Rosca, B.; Kessels, J.T.B.A.; Bergveld, H.J.; Bosch, P.P.J. van den

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents an on-line model identification method for Li-ion battery parameters that combines high accuracy and low computational complexity. Experimental results show that modeling errors are smaller than 1% throughout the feasible operating range. The identified model is used in a state

  6. The relation between parameter curves and lines of curvature on canal surfaces

    CERN Document Server

    Dogan, Fatih

    2012-01-01

    A canal surface is the envelope of a moving sphere with varying radius, defined by the trajectory C(t) (spine curve) of its center and a radius function r(t). In this paper, we investigate when parameter curves of the canal surface are also lines of curvature. Last of all, for special spine curves we obtain the radius function of canal surfaces.

  7. Positive Solutions for Nonlinear Singular Differential Systems Involving Parameter on the Half-Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lishan Liu

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available By using the upper-lower solutions method and the fixed-point theorem on cone in a special space, we study the singular boundary value problem for systems of nonlinear second-order differential equations involving two parameters on the half-line. Some results for the existence, nonexistence and multiplicity of positive solutions for the problem are obtained.

  8. Measuring line parameters of multiconductor cables using a vector impedance meter

    OpenAIRE

    Knockaert, Jos; Peuteman, Joan; Catrysse, Johan; Belmans, Ronnie

    2010-01-01

    In the present paper, a method to measure the parameters of a multiconductor transmission line is given. The method is accurate, straightforward and only needs a single vector impedance meter or equivalent. The method has been applied for frequencies in a range from 20 kHz up to 30 MHz.

  9. Parameters Investigation of Mathematical Model of Productivity for Automated Line with Availability by DMAIC Methodology

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tan Chan Sin

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Automated line is widely applied in industry especially for mass production with less variety product. Productivity is one of the important criteria in automated line as well as industry which directly present the outputs and profits. Forecast of productivity in industry accurately in order to achieve the customer demand and the forecast result is calculated by using mathematical model. Mathematical model of productivity with availability for automated line has been introduced to express the productivity in terms of single level of reliability for stations and mechanisms. Since this mathematical model of productivity with availability cannot achieve close enough productivity compared to actual one due to lack of parameters consideration, the enhancement of mathematical model is required to consider and add the loss parameters that is not considered in current model. This paper presents the investigation parameters of productivity losses investigated by using DMAIC (Define, Measure, Analyze, Improve, and Control concept and PACE Prioritization Matrix (Priority, Action, Consider, and Eliminate. The investigated parameters are important for further improvement of mathematical model of productivity with availability to develop robust mathematical model of productivity in automated line.

  10. Analysis and Identification of Corona Parameters on Overhead Power Lines in Case of Direct Lightning Strikes

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Bajorek J; Maslowski G; Ziemba R

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents a method for determining specific models of overhead power lines with presence of corona phenomenon.The obtained models provide stable numerical solutions for computer simulation of transients caused by direct lightning strikes.The corona nonlinear charge-voltage characteristics obtained from experimental tests are used for identification of the corona parameters based on System Identification Toolbox implemented in Matlab package.Different transfer functions,which give the same waveshapes of overvoltages are determined using two parametric models.A circuit representation of the obtained transfer functions is proposed and the corona model is implemented in the EMTP-RV as a hierarchical structure composed of a overhead power line divided into sections with corona branches.Some computer simulations of lightning overvoltages propagated in a typical 220 kV power line due to direct lightning strikes to a line tower are presented.The proposed method and the model implemented in EMTP-RV are still valid for multi-conductor lines and for higher voltages of power lines but new corona nonlinear charge-voltage characteristics are required as an input parameter for the identification procedure.

  11. A Novel Fault Location Algorithm for Double-Circuit Transmission Lines based on Distributed Parameter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    商立群; 施围

    2006-01-01

    A new fault location algorithm for double-circuit transmission lines is described in this paper. The proposed method uses data extracted from two ends of the transmission lines and thus eliminates the effects of the source impedance and the fault resistance. The distributed parameter model and the modal transformation are also employed. Depending on modal transformation, the coupled equations of the lines are converted into decoupled ones. In this way, the mutual coupling effects between adjacent circuits of the lines are eliminated and therefore an accurate fault location can be achieved. The proposed method is tested via digital simulation using EMTP in conjunction with MATLAB. The test results corroborate the high accuracy of the proposed method.

  12. Sex effect on productive parameters, carcass and body fat composition of two commercial broilers lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S Rondelli

    2003-12-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this work was to evaluate sex effect on behavior of two commercial broilers lines. Productive parameters, carcass composition and yield, amount and quality of fat deposited in the meat and skin and total body fat were studied. A completely randomized design with four treatments (MR-Male Ross, HR-Female Ross, MAF-Male Avian Farm and HAF-Female Avian Farm and eight repetitions of 40 chickens was used. Animals received water and food ad libitum. After 50 days, two birds (a male and a female per repetition were chosen at random and slaughtered for carcass evaluation. Samples of breast, leg, skin and abdominal fats were analyzed to determine the percentage of intramuscular fat, total cholesterol and fatty acid composition. The Ross line showed higher final weight and weight gain, better intake and feed conversion rate. Also, it was observed that females of both lines had similar results in relation to these parameters. Better yield of breast with bone was found in Ross males and females. In relation to legs and thigh, Ross males showed better results and no differences were observed among females of both lines. Males deposited less fat than females. Finally, differences in percentage of intramuscular fat, content of cholesterol in breast with skin, leg with skin and skin, percentage of saturated, mono and polyunsaturated fatty acids were observed between sex and lines.

  13. On-line estimation of myoelectric signal spectral parameters and nonstationarities detection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Alessio, T; Knaflitz, M; Balestra, G; Paggi, S

    1993-09-01

    In this communication, we present a method for detecting nonstationarities of random time series with an approximately Gaussian distribution of amplitudes. This method is suitable for real time implementation. Here we report some results obtained by applying them to a time series of spectral parameters of surface myoelectric signals, collected during voluntary isometric contractions of human muscles. Moreover, we describe the computerized system that we used to implement our detector of nonstationarity. This system is based on the TMS 320C25 DSP chip and realizes on-line estimation and display of spectral parameters, as well as detection of their nonstationarities, featuring a sampling frequency up to 20 k samples/s. A friendly user interface, fully menu driven, allows the user to select different options during the system's operation by means of hot keys. The accuracy of the system was tested by comparing its estimates with those of an off-line system, previously characterized, which we took as a reference. The estimates of spectral parameters obtained by means of the two systems were always consistent. The on-line stationarity detector was able to recognize rates of variation of the spectral parameters as small as 1%/s during contractions lasting 10-15 s. This sensitivity makes it suitable for clinical application. The set of results herein presented has been selected to highlight the main characteristics of the system.

  14. Determination of spectral parameters for lines targeted by the Tunable Laser Spectrometer (TLS) on the Mars Curiosity rover

    Science.gov (United States)

    Manne, Jagadeeshwari; Webster, Christopher R.

    2016-03-01

    Molecular line parameters of line strengths, self- and foreign-broadening by nitrogen, carbon dioxide and helium gas have been experimentally determined for infrared ro-vibrational spectral lines of water and carbon dioxide at 2.78 μm targeted by the Tunable Laser Spectrometer (TLS) in the Sample Analysis at Mars (SAM) instrument suite on the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) Curiosity rover. Good agreement is found by comparison with the line parameters reported in the HITRAN-2012 database.

  15. Adaptive control based on an on-line parameter estimation of an upper limb exoskeleton.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Riani, Akram; Madani, Tarek; Hadri, Abdelhafid El; Benallegue, Abdelaziz

    2017-07-01

    This paper presents an adaptive control strategy for an upper-limb exoskeleton based on an on-line dynamic parameter estimator. The objective is to improve the control performance of this system that plays a critical role in assisting patients for shoulder, elbow and wrist joint movements. In general, the dynamic parameters of the human limb are unknown and differ from a person to another, which degrade the performances of the exoskeleton-human control system. For this reason, the proposed control scheme contains a supplementary loop based on a new efficient on-line estimator of the dynamic parameters. Indeed, the latter is acting upon the parameter adaptation of the controller to ensure the performances of the system in the presence of parameter uncertainties and perturbations. The exoskeleton used in this work is presented and a physical model of the exoskeleton interacting with a 7 Degree of Freedom (DoF) upper limb model is generated using the SimMechanics library of MatLab/Simulink. To illustrate the effectiveness of the proposed approach, an example of passive rehabilitation movements is performed using multi-body dynamic simulation. The aims is to maneuver the exoskeleton that drive the upper limb to track desired trajectories in the case of the passive arm movements.

  16. Temporal evolution of the spectral lines emission and temperatures in laser induced plasmas through characteristic parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bredice, F., E-mail: faustob@ciop.unlp.edu.ar [Centro de Investigaciones Ópticas, P.O. Box 3 C. P.1897 Gonnet, La Plata (Argentina); Pacheco Martinez, P. [Grupo de Espectroscopía Óptica de Emisión y Láser, Universidad del Atlántico, Barranquilla (Colombia); Sánchez-Aké, C.; Villagrán-Muniz, M. [Laboratorio de Fotofísica, Centro de Ciencias Aplicadas y Desarrollo Tecnológico, Universidad Nacional Autónoma de México, Apartado Postal 70-186, México D.F. 04510 (Mexico)

    2015-05-01

    In this work, we propose an extended Boltzmann plot method to determine the usefulness of spectral lines for plasma parameter calculations. Based on the assumption that transient plasmas are under ideal conditions during an specific interval of time Δt, (i.e. thin, homogeneous and in local thermodynamic equilibrium (LTE)), the associated Boltzmann plots describe a surface in the space defined by the coordinates X = Energy, Y = Time and Z = ln (λ{sub jl}I{sub j}/g{sub j}A{sub jl}), where I{sub j} is the integrated intensity of the spectral line, g{sub j} is the statistical weight of the level j, λ{sub jl} is the wavelength of the considered line and A{sub jl} is its transition rate. In order to express the Boltzmann plot surface in terms of a reduced set of constants B{sub i}, and δ{sub i}, we developed as a power series of time, the logarithm of I{sub n}(t)/I{sub n}(t{sub 0}), where I{sub n}(t) is the integrated intensity of any spectral line at time t, and I{sub n}(t{sub 0}) at initial time. Moreover, the temporal evolution of the intensity of any spectral line and consequently the temperature of the plasma can be also expressed with these constants. The comparison of the temporal evolution of the line intensity calculated using these constants with their experimental values, can be used as a criterion for selecting useful lines in plasma analysis. Furthermore, this method can also be applied to determine self-absorption or enhancement of the spectral lines, to evaluate a possible departure of LTE, and to check or estimate the upper level energy value of any spectral line. An advantage of this method is that the value of these constants does not depend on the spectral response of the detection system, the uncertainty of the transition rates belonging to the analyzed spectral lines or any other time-independent parameters. In order to prove our method, we determined the constants B{sub i} and δ{sub i} and therefore the Boltzmann plot surface from the temporal

  17. Time-Varying FOPDT Modeling and On-line Parameter Identification

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Yang, Zhenyu; Sun, Zhen

    2013-01-01

    A type of Time-Varying First-Order Plus Dead-Time (TV-FOPDT) model is extended from SISO format into a MISO version by explicitly taking the disturbance input into consideration. Correspondingly, a set of on-line parameter identification algorithms oriented to MISO TV-FOPDT model are proposed bas...... are firstly illustrated through a numerical example, and then applied to investigate transient superheat dynamic modeling in a supermarket refrigeration system....... on the Mixed-Integer-Nonlinear Programming, Least-Mean-Square and sliding window techniques. The proposed approaches can simultaneously estimate the time-dependent system parameters, as well as the unknown disturbance input if it is the case, in an on-line manner. The proposed concepts and algorithms...

  18. Fundamental Parameter Method Applied to X-Ray Line Profile Analysis

    OpenAIRE

    Florica Matei; Nicolae Aldea; Marius Rada; Ioana Pop

    2016-01-01

    Crystallite size strain effect the mechanical, electric, magnetic and optical properties of many kind of the nanomaterials. The effects of the finite crystallite size and lattice strain can be very well observed as the deformation in the shape of the X-ray line profile (XRLP). In this contribution we have used the fundamental parameter (FP) [1,2] method to evaluate the nanostructure materials assuming a theoretical model of experimental XRLP.  In this contribution we have used various distrib...

  19. Critical parameters affecting the design of high frequency transmission lines in standard CMOS technology

    KAUST Repository

    Al-Attar, Talal

    2017-05-13

    Different structures of transmission lines were designed and fabricated in standard CMOS technology to estimate some critical parameters including the RMS value of the surface roughness and the loss tangent. The input impedances for frequencies up to 50 GHz were modeled and compared with measurements. The results demonstrated a strong correlation between the used model with the proposed coefficients and the measured results, attesting the robustness of the model and the reliability of the incorporated coefficients values.

  20. - and H_2-BROADENED Line Parameters of Carbon Monoxide in the First Overtone Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predoi-Cross, Adriana; Esteki, Koorosh; Naseri, Hossein; Devi, V. Malathy; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Mantz, Arlan; Ivanov, Sergei V.

    2016-06-01

    In this study we have re-analyzed high-resolution spectra of pure CO and CO broadened by hydrogen recorded in the spectral range of the first overtone band. We have used four different line shapes in the multispectrum analysis (Voigt, speed dependent Voigt, Rautian, and Rautian with speed dependence) and compared the resulting line shape parameters. The line mixing coefficients have been calculated using the Exponential Power Gap and the Energy Corrected Sudden scaling laws. A classical approach was applied to calculate CO line widths in CO-H_2 and CO-CO collisions. The formulas of classical impact theory are used for calculation of dipole absorption half-widths along with exact 3D Hamilton equations for simulation of molecular motion. The calculations utilize Monte Carlo averaging over collision parameters and simple interaction potential (Tipping-Herman + electrostatic). Molecules are treated as rigid rotors. The dependences of CO half-widths on rotational quantum number J≤ 24 are computed and compared with measured data at room temperature. V. Malathy Devi et al., J. Mol. Spectrosc. 228 (2004) 580-592. R. G. Gordon, J. Chem. Phys. 44 (1966) 3083-3089; ibid., 45 (1966) 1649-1655. J.-P. Bouanich and A. Predoi-Cross, J. Molec. Structure 742 (2005) 183-190 A. Predoi-Cross, J.-P. Bouanich, D. Chris Benner, A. D. May, and J. R. Drummond, J. Chem. Phys. 113 (2000) 158-168

  1. Deriving precise parameters for cool solar-type stars. Optimizing the iron line list

    CERN Document Server

    Tsantaki, M; Adibekyan, V Zh; Santos, N C; Mortier, A; Israelian, G

    2013-01-01

    Temperature, surface gravity, and metallicitity are basic stellar atmospheric parameters necessary to characterize a star. We aim to improve the description of the spectroscopic temperatures especially for the cooler stars where the differences with the Infrared Flux Method are higher, as presented in previous work. Our spectroscopic analysis is based on the iron excitation and ionization balance, assuming Kurucz model atmospheres in LTE. The abundance analysis is determined using the code MOOG. We optimize the line list using a cool star with high resolution and high signal-to-noise spectrum, as a reference in order to check for weak, isolated lines. We test the quality of the new line list by re-deriving stellar parameters for 451 stars with high resolution and signal-to-noise HARPS spectra, that were analyzed in a previous work with a larger line list. The comparison in temperatures between this work and the latest IRFM shows that the differences for the cooler stars are significantly smaller and more homo...

  2. Influence of Meteorological Parameters on Electromagnetic Environment of UHVDC Transmission Line Under High Altitude Condition

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIU Lei; LI Min; LI Ruihai; YU Zhanqing; LIUZhihong; LIU Xiangshi

    2012-01-01

    Measuring the electromagnetic (EM) environment parameters of a transmission line in bad weather conditions (such as rain, wind, etc. ) is difficult for technical staff. In the National Engineering Laboratory for UHV Technology (Kunming), a test line was completed for EM environment tests. An automated EM environment testing system was installed under the line, the rad{o interference (RI), audible noise (AN), resultant electric field strength (E0), and ion current density (Js) at ground level were measured under all weather conditions within a voltage range from ±800 kV to ± 1 000 kV over two years. Based on the measurement results, the influence of meteorological parameters on the EM environment of the transmission line was studied. When the HR increases from 40 % to 80%, the RI, AN, E0, Js would have different degrees of attenuation. The RI on a rainy day is 3 dB lower than that of a sunny day, while the Js gets a sharp increase with the same weather condition change. In addition, AN and E0 are greatly influenced by wind speed: with increasing wind speed, E0 decreases and AN becomes unstable.

  3. Deriving precise parameters for cool solar-type stars. Optimizing the iron line list

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsantaki, M.; Sousa, S. G.; Adibekyan, V. Zh.; Santos, N. C.; Mortier, A.; Israelian, G.

    2013-07-01

    Context. Temperature, surface gravity, and metallicitity are basic stellar atmospheric parameters necessary to characterize a star. There are several methods to derive these parameters and a comparison of their results often shows considerable discrepancies, even in the restricted group of solar-type FGK dwarfs. Aims: We want to check the differences in temperature between the standard spectroscopic technique based on iron lines and the infrared flux method (IRFM). We aim to improve the description of the spectroscopic temperatures especially for the cooler stars where the differences between the two methods are higher, as presented in a previous work. Methods: Our spectroscopic analysis was based on the iron excitation and ionization balance, assuming Kurucz model atmospheres in LTE. The abundance analysis was determined using the code MOOG. We optimized the line list using a cool star (HD 21749) with high resolution and high signal-to-noise spectrum, as a reference in order to check for weak, isolated lines. Results: We test the quality of the new line list by re-deriving stellar parameters for 451 stars with high resolution and signal-to-noise HARPS spectra, that were analyzed in a previous work with a larger line list. The comparison in temperatures between this work and the latest IRFM for the stars in common shows that the differences for the cooler stars are significantly smaller and more homogeneously distributed than in previous studies for stars with temperatures below 5000 K. Moreover, a comparison is presented between interferometric temperatures with our results that shows good agreement, even though the sample is small and the errors of the mean differences are large. We use the new line list to re-derive parameters for some of the cooler stars that host planets. Finally, we present the impact of the new temperatures on the [Cr i/Cr ii] and [Ti i/Ti ii] abundance ratios that previously showed systematic trends with temperature. We show that the slopes

  4. Experimental and Theoretical He-BROADENED Line Parameters of Carbon Monoxide in the Fundamental Band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predoi-Cross, Adriana; Rosario, Hoimonti; Esteki, Koorosh; Latif, Shamria; Naseri, Hossein; Thibault, Franck; Devi, V. Malathy; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Mantz, Arlan

    2016-06-01

    We report experimental measurements and theoretical calculations for He-broadened Lorentz half-width coefficients and He- pressure-shift coefficients of 45 carbon monoxide transitions in the 1-0 band. The high-resolution spectra analyzed in this study were recorded over a range of sample temperatures between 296 and 80 K. The He-broadened line parameters and their temperature dependences were retrieved using a multispectrum nonlinear least squares analysis program. A previous analysis of these spectra used only the Voigt line shape. In the present study four line shape models were compared including Voigt, speed dependent Voigt, Rautian (to take into account confinement narrowing) and Rautian with speed dependence. The line mixing coefficients have been calculated using the Exponential Power Gap scaling law. We were unable to retrieve the temperature dependence of the line mixing coefficients. The current measurements and theoretical results are compared with other published results, where appropriate. A. W. Mantz et al., J. Molec. Structure 742 (2005) 99-110

  5. The Correlation of Smile Line with the Vertical Cephalometric Parameters of Anterior Facial Height

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. Hosseinzadeh–Nik

    2005-03-01

    Full Text Available Statement of the problem: In the evolution of orthodontics, the changes in soft tissue,especially smile line attracts considerable attention.Purpose: The present study was carried out to evaluate the correlation of the smile line with the vertical parameters of anterior part of face.Materials and Methods: Forty-six Iranian adults, aged between 18-25 years were selected. Five quantitative and three qualitative variables of smile analysis were recorded for each subject. Cephalometric analysis was carried out using angular and linear parameters. The correlations between smile line variables and cephalometric parameters were calculated using Spearman and Pearson’s correlation analyses.Results: The result of this study showed that the cephalometric parameters of N-Me,Pn-Line, N-B, N-Pg had significant correlations with quantitative variable of toothlower lip position. The P-values were P=0.003, P=0.027, P=0.006, P=0.002 respectively. N-Me, N-B, N-Pg represented significant correlations with interlabial gapon smile (P= 0.006, P=0.036, P=0.002 respectively. There was a significant correlation between N-Pg and quantitative factor of tooth-upper lip position (P=0.034. Upper incisor to palatal plane showed a significant correlation with qualitative variable oftooth-upper lip position (P=0.019, interlabial gap on smile (P=0.004, and tooth-upper lip position (P=0.006. Upper incisor to FH represented a reverse relation with incisal edge to lower lip (P=0.028.This parameter also showed significant correlations withquantitative factors of tooth-lower lip position (P=0.040 and crown height (P=0.002.Conclusions: According to the results of this study, it can be concluded that, linear skeletal and dental vertical factors affect the vertical features of smile. Angular vertical parameters, except gonial angle, influence the vertical position of smile.

  6. [Study on effects of bioelectric parameters of rats in electromagnetic radiation of HV transmission line].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhang, Anying; Pang, Xiaofeng; Yuan, Ping

    2007-02-01

    With the development of economy and coming of information era, the chance of exposure to electromagnetic fields with various frequencies has been increased for every human. The effects of electromagnetic radiattion on human being's health are versatile. To study the effects of bioelctronic parameters of rats in the electromagnetic radiations of HV transmission line, EEG, ECG and CMAP were measured in rats exposed to simulating high-voltage transmission line electromagnetic radiation for over one year. Brain tissues were studied by Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy. The results showed that no significant difference between exposed group and control group in EEG; however the FT-infrared spectra of brain tissues were different; the ECG of the exposed animals was considerably altered. Significant slowing of heart rate was observed in those rates exposed to EMFs; the latent period of CMAP in exposed group were not different compared with those of control group however there was a significant difference in wave amplitude of CMAP between the exposed group and control group. All results indicated that there must be some effects on bioelectric parameters of rats exposed to electromagnetic radiation of high-voltage transmission line for a long time.

  7. Chromosome Specific Substitution Lines of Aegilops geniculata Alter Parameters of Bread Making Quality of Wheat

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tsujimoto, Hisashi; Gupta, Raj Kumar; Kumar, Aman; Kaur, Navneet; Kumar, Rohit; Chunduri, Venkatesh; Sharma, Nand Kishor; Chawla, Meenakshi; Sharma, Saloni; Mundey, Jaspreet Kaur

    2016-01-01

    Wheat cultivars with wide introgression have strongly impacted global wheat production. Aegilops geniculata (MgUg) is an important wild relative with several useful traits that can be exploited for wheat improvement. Screening of Ae. geniculata addition lines indicated a negative effect of 1Ug and the positive effect of 1Mg chromosome on wheat dough strength. Negative effect of 1Ug is probably associated with variation in number and position of the tripeptide repeat motif in the high molecular weight glutenin (HMW-G) gene. To utilize the positive potential of 1Mg chromosome, three disomic substitution lines (DSLs) 1Mg(1A), 1Mg(1B) and 1Mg(1D) were created. These lines were characterized for morphological, cytogenetic properties and biochemical signatures using FISH, 1D-, 2D-PAGE and RP-HPLC. Contribution of wheat 1A, 1B and 1D chromosomes towards dough mixing and baking parameters, chapatti quality, Fe/Zn content and glume color were identified. Observed order of variation in the dough mixing and baking parameters {1Mg(1D) ≤wheat ≤1Mg(1B) ≤1Mg(1A)} indicated that chromosome specific introgression is desirable for best utilization of wild species’ potential. PMID:27755540

  8. Genetic parameters and genetic trends in the Chinese × European Tiameslan composite pig line. I. Genetic parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Legault Christian

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Genetic parameters of body weight at 4 (W4 w, 8 (W8 w and 22 (W22 w weeks of age, days from 20 to 100 kg (DT, average backfat thickness at 100 kg (ABT, teat number (TEAT, number of good teats (GTEAT, total number of piglets born (TNB, born alive (NBA and weaned (NW per litter, and birth to weaning survival rate (SURV were estimated in the Chinese × European Tiameslan composite line using restricted maximum likelihood methodology applied to a multiple trait animal model. Performance data from a total of 4 881 males and 4 799 females from 1 341 litters were analysed. Different models were fitted to the data in order to estimate the importance of maternal effects on production traits, as well as genetic correlations between male and female performance. The results showed the existence of significant maternal effects on W4w, W8w and ABT and of variance heterogeneity between sexes for W22w, DT, ABT and GTEAT. Genetic correlations between sexes were 0.79, 0.71 and 0.82, respectively, for W22w, DT and ABT and above 0.90 for the other traits. Heritability estimates were larger than (ABT and TEAT or similar to (other traits average literature values. Some genetic antagonism was evidenced between production traits, particularly W4w, W8w and ABT, and reproductive traits.

  9. Off-line tracking of series parameters in distribution systems using AMI data

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Williams, Tess L.; Sun, Yannan; Schneider, Kevin

    2016-05-01

    Electric distribution systems have historically lacked measurement points, and equipment is often operated to its failure point, resulting in customer outages. The widespread deployment of sensors at the distribution level is enabling observability. This paper presents an off-line parameter value tracking procedure that takes advantage of the increasing number of measurement devices being deployed at the distribution level to estimate changes in series impedance parameter values over time. The tracking of parameter values enables non-diurnal and non-seasonal change to be flagged for investigation. The presented method uses an unbalanced Distribution System State Estimation (DSSE) and a measurement residual-based parameter estimation procedure. Measurement residuals from multiple measurement snapshots are combined in order to increase the effective local redundancy and improve the robustness of the calculations in the presence of measurement noise. Data from devices on the primary distribution system and from customer meters, via an AMI system, form the input data set. Results of simulations on the IEEE 13-Node Test Feeder are presented to illustrate the proposed approach applied to changes in series impedance parameters. A 5% change in series resistance elements can be detected in the presence of 2% measurement error when combining less than 1 day of measurement snapshots into a single estimate.

  10. SELECTED PARAMETERS OF THE WORK OF SPEED LIMITER IN LINE STRAINING SYSTEM IN A FRICTIONAL LIFT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paweł Lonkwic

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available The article presents the analysis of selected work parameters of speed limiter in line straining system. We analyzed the effect of changing the geometrical conditions of the new solution for the speed limiter in line straining system upon the working conditions in frictional lift braking system. Within the conducted simulations of the work of the system, which is responsible for lift braking with a tension with spring, a test bed was prepared, which simulated the work of tension-rope-limiter system. The tests were performed in the conditions reflecting the work of a lifting appliance. Analyzing the results obtained through empirical calculations, we can conclude that there is a possibility of applying the spring to eliminate the weight.

  11. Line Shape Parameters of Water Vapor Transitions in the 3645-3975 cm^{-1} Region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, V. Malathy; Benner, D. Chris; Gamache, Robert R.; Vispoel, Bastien; Renaud, Candice L.; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Sams, Robert L.; Blake, Thomas A.

    2017-06-01

    A Bruker IFS 120HR Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) in Richland, Washington was used to record a series of spectra in the regions of the ν_1 and ν_3 bands of H_2O. The samples included low pressures of pure H_2O as well as H_2O broadened by air at different pressures, temperatures and volume mixing ratios. We fit simultaneously 16 high-resolution (0.008 cm^{-1}), high S/N ratio absorption spectra recorded at 268, 296 and 353 K (L=19.95 cm), employing a multispectrum fitting technique to retrieve accurate line positions, relative intensities, Lorentz air-broadened half-width and pressure-shift coefficients and their temperature dependences for more than 220 H_2O transitions. Self-broadened half-width and self-shift coefficients were measured for over 100 transitions. For select sets of transition pairs for the H_2O-air system we determined collisional line mixing coefficients via the off-diagonal relaxation matrix element formalism, and we also measured speed dependence parameters for 85 transitions. Modified Complex Robert Bonamy (MCRB) calculations of the half-widths, line shifts, and temperature dependences were made for self-, N_2-, O_2-, and air-broadening. The measurements and calculations are compared with each other and with similar parameters reported in the literature. D. C. Benner, C. P. Rinsland, V. Malathy Devi, M. A. H. Smith, D. Atkins, JQSRT 53 (1995) 705-721. A. Levy, N. Lacome, C. Chackerian, Collisional line mixing, in Spectroscopy of the Earth's Atmosphere and Interstellar Medium, Academic Press, Inc., Boston (1992) 261-337.

  12. Line parameters for CO2 broadening in the ν2 band of HD16O

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, V. Malathy; Benner, D. Chris; Sung, Keeyoon; Crawford, Timothy J.; Gamache, Robert R.; Renaud, Candice L.; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Mantz, Arlan W.; Villanueva, Geronimo L.

    2017-01-01

    CO2-rich planetary atmospheres such as those of Mars and Venus require accurate knowledge of CO2 broadened HDO half-width coefficients and their temperature dependence exponents for reliable abundance determination. Although a few calculated line lists have recently been published on HDO-CO2 line shapes and their temperature dependences, laboratory measurements of those parameters are thus far non-existent. In this work, we report the first measurements of CO2-broadened half-width and pressure-shift coefficients and their temperature dependences for over 220 transitions in the ν2 band. First measurements of self-broadened half-width and self-shift coefficients at room temperature are also obtained for majority of these transitions. In addition, the first experimental determination of collisional line mixing has been reported for 11 transition pairs for HDO-CO2 and HDO-HDO systems. These results were obtained by analyzing ten high-resolution spectra of HDO and HDO-CO2 mixtures at various sample temperatures and pressures recorded with the Bruker IFS-125HR Fourier transform spectrometer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL). Two coolable absorption cells with path lengths of 20.38 cm and 20.941 m were used to record the spectra. The various line parameters were retrieved by fitting all ten spectra simultaneously using a multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting algorithm. The HDO transitions in the 1100-4100 cm-1 range were extracted from the HITRAN2012 database. For the ν2 and 2ν2 -ν2 bands there were 2245 and 435 transitions, respectively. Modified Complex Robert-Bonamy formalism (MCRB) calculations were made for the half-width coefficients, their temperature dependence and the pressure shift coefficients for the HDO-CO2 and HDO-HDO collision systems. MCRB calculations are compared with the measured values.

  13. Genetic parameters and crossbreeding effects of fat deposition and fatty acid profiles in Iberian pig lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ibáñez-Escriche, N; Magallón, E; Gonzalez, E; Tejeda, J F; Noguera, J L

    2016-01-01

    The aim of this study was to estimate the genetic and environmental parameters and crossbreeding effects on fatty acid and fat traits in the Iberian pig. Our final goal is to explore target selection traits and define crossbreeding strategies. The phenotypes were obtained under intensive management from 470 animals in a diallelic experiment involving Retinto, Torbiscal, and Entrepelado lines. The data set was composed of backfat thickness at the fourth rib (BFT), intramuscular fat (IMF) in the longissimus thoracis (LT), and the fatty acid profile for IMF and subcutaneous fat (SCF) traits. Data were analyzed through a Bayesian bivariate animal model by using a reparameterization of Dickerson's model. The results obtained showed an important genetic determinism for all traits analyzed with heritability ranging from 0.09 to 0.67. The common environment litter effect also had an important effect on IMF (0.34) and its fatty acid composition (0.06-0.53) at slaughter. The additive genetic correlation between BFT and IMF (additive genetic correlation [] = 0.31) suggested that it would be possible to improve lean growth independent of the IMF with an appropriate selection index. Furthermore, the high additive genetic correlation ( = 0.68) found between MUFA tissues would seem to indicate that either the LT or SCF could be used as the reference tissue for MUFA selection. The relevance of the crossbreeding parameters varied according to the traits analyzed. Backfat thickness at the fourth rib and the fatty acid profile of the IMF showed relevant differences between crosses, mostly due to line additive genetic effects associated with the Retinto line. On the contrary, those for IMF crosses were probably mainly attributable to heterosis effects. Particularly, heterosis effects were relevant for the Retinto and Entrepelado crosses (approximately 16% of the trait), which could be valuable for a crossbreeding system involving these lines.

  14. Visualization and on line monitoring of geometric parameters of beams at KSRS

    CERN Document Server

    Ioudin, L; Potlovsky, K; Rezvov, V

    2001-01-01

    On the basis of developed hardware and software we investigate the opportunity of on line registration of geometric parameters of low intensity SR beam and electron beams in single shot mode. Ionization and luminescence detectors form real optic image of a beam cross section. The image is registered by a TV camera, digitized and processed by a computer. Gray scale image and profiles of a beam are represented. Accumulation and statistic processing of the data give the possibility to increase the sensitivity of the hardware and to calculate the average position of the beam gravity center, dispersion and statistic uncertainty.

  15. On-line parameter and delay estimation of continuous-time dynamic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kozłowski Janusz

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The problem of on-line identification of non-stationary delay systems is considered. The dynamics of supervised industrial processes are usually modeled by ordinary differential equations. Discrete-time mechanizations of continuous-time process models are implemented with the use of dedicated finite-horizon integrating filters. Least-squares and instrumental variable procedures mechanized in recursive forms are applied for simultaneous identification of input delay and spectral parameters of the system models. The performance of the proposed estimation algorithms is verified in an illustrative numerical simulation study.

  16. Sex effect on productive parameters, carcass and body fat composition of two commercial broilers lines

    OpenAIRE

    S Rondelli; Martinez, O; PT García

    2003-01-01

    The aim of this work was to evaluate sex effect on behavior of two commercial broilers lines. Productive parameters, carcass composition and yield, amount and quality of fat deposited in the meat and skin and total body fat were studied. A completely randomized design with four treatments (MR-Male Ross, HR-Female Ross, MAF-Male Avian Farm and HAF-Female Avian Farm) and eight repetitions of 40 chickens was used. Animals received water and food ad libitum. After 50 days, two birds (a male and a...

  17. Fundamental Parameter Method Applied to X-Ray Line Profile Analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Florica Matei

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available Crystallite size strain effect the mechanical, electric, magnetic and optical properties of many kind of the nanomaterials. The effects of the finite crystallite size and lattice strain can be very well observed as the deformation in the shape of the X-ray line profile (XRLP. In this contribution we have used the fundamental parameter (FP [1,2] method to evaluate the nanostructure materials assuming a theoretical model of experimental XRLP.  In this contribution we have used various distribution functions such as normal, lognormal, Gumbel, Maxwell and Student. The best values of the crystallite size of nanostructued materials are chosen by analysis of root mean squares of residuals and by correlation matrix of the fit parameters. The entire procedure was implemented in the GnuPlot script.

  18. Supernovae as probes of cosmic parameters: estimating the bias from under-dense lines of sight

    CERN Document Server

    Busti, V C; Clarkson, C

    2013-01-01

    Correctly interpreting observations of sources such as type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) require knowledge of the power spectrum of matter on AU scales - which is very hard to model accurately. Because under-dense regions account for much of the volume of the universe, light from a typical source probes a mean density significantly below the cosmic mean. The relative sparsity of sources implies that there could be a significant bias when inferring distances of SNe Ia, and consequently a bias in cosmological parameter estimation. While the weak lensing approximation should in principle give the correct prediction for this, linear perturbation theory predicts an effectively infinite variance in the convergence for ultra-narrow beams. We attempt to quantify the effect typically under-dense lines of sight might have in parameter estimation by considering three alternative methods for estimating distances, in addition to the usual weak lensing approximation. We find in each case this not only increases the errors in the...

  19. Vehicle dynamic prediction systems with on-line identification of vehicle parameters and road conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hsu, Ling-Yuan; Chen, Tsung-Lin

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a vehicle dynamics prediction system, which consists of a sensor fusion system and a vehicle parameter identification system. This sensor fusion system can obtain the six degree-of-freedom vehicle dynamics and two road angles without using a vehicle model. The vehicle parameter identification system uses the vehicle dynamics from the sensor fusion system to identify ten vehicle parameters in real time, including vehicle mass, moment of inertial, and road friction coefficients. With above two systems, the future vehicle dynamics is predicted by using a vehicle dynamics model, obtained from the parameter identification system, to propagate with time the current vehicle state values, obtained from the sensor fusion system. Comparing with most existing literatures in this field, the proposed approach improves the prediction accuracy both by incorporating more vehicle dynamics to the prediction system and by on-line identification to minimize the vehicle modeling errors. Simulation results show that the proposed method successfully predicts the vehicle dynamics in a left-hand turn event and a rollover event. The prediction inaccuracy is 0.51% in a left-hand turn event and 27.3% in a rollover event.

  20. A New Concept of Soil Line Retrieval from Landsat 8 Images for Estimating Plant Biophysical Parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nima Ahmadian

    2016-09-01

    Full Text Available Extraction of vegetation information from remotely sensed images has remained a long-term challenge due to the influence of soil background. To reduce this effect, the slope and intercept of the soil line (SL should be known to calculate SL-related vegetation indices (VIs. These VIs can be used to estimate the biophysical parameters of agricultural crops. However, it is a difficult task to retrieve the SL parameters under the vegetation canopy. A feasible method for retrieving these parameters involves extracting the bottom boundary line in two-dimensional spectral spaces (i.e., red and near-infrared bands. In this study, the slope and intercept of the SL was extracted from Landsat 8 OLI images of a test site in northeastern Germany. Different statistical methods, including the Red-NIRmin method, quantile regression method (using a floating tau with the smallest p-value, and a new approach proposed in this paper using a fixed quantile tau known as the diffuse non-interceptance (DIFN value, were applied to retrieve the SL parameters. The DIFN value describes the amount of light visible below the canopy that reaches the soil surface. Therefore, this value can be used as a threshold for retrieving the bottom soil line. The simulated SLs were compared with actual ones extracted from ground truth data, as recorded by a handheld spectrometer, and were also compared with the SL retrieved from bare soil pixels of the Landsat 8 image collected after harvest. Subsequently, the SL parameters were used to separately estimate the dry biomasses of winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L., barley (Hordeum vulgare L., and canola (Brassica napus L. at the local and field scales using different SL-related vegetation indices. The SL can be retrieved more accurately at the local scale compared with the field scale, and its simulation can be critical in the field due to significant differences from the actual SL. Moreover, the slope and intercept of the simulated SLs

  1. LINE PARAMETERS OF THE 782 nm BAND OF CO{sub 2}

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Lu, Y.; Liu, A.-W.; Li, X.-F.; Wang, J.; Cheng, C.-F.; Sun, Y. R.; Lambo, R.; Hu, S.-M., E-mail: smhu@ustc.edu.cn [Hefei National Laboratory for Physical Sciences at the Microscale, University of Science and Technology of China, Hefei 230026 (China)

    2013-09-20

    The 782 nm band of CO{sub 2}, in a transparent window of Earth's atmosphere, was the first CO{sub 2} band observed 80 yr ago in the spectra of Venus. The band is very weak and therefore not saturated by the thick atmosphere of Venus, but its spectral parameters are still very limited due to the difficulty of detecting it in the laboratory. It is the highest overtone (ν{sub 1} + 5ν{sub 3}) of CO{sub 2} given in widely used spectroscopy databases such as HITRAN and GEISA. In the present work, the band is studied using a cavity ring-down spectrometer with ultra-high sensitivity as well as high precision. The positions of 55 lines in the band were determined with an absolute accuracy of 3 × 10{sup –5} cm{sup –1}, two orders of magnitude better than previous studies. The line intensities, self-induced pressure broadening coefficients, and the shift coefficients were also derived from the recorded spectra. The obtained spectral parameters can be applied to model the spectra of the CO{sub 2}-rich atmospheres of planets like Venus and Mars.

  2. A study of line widths and kinetic parameters of ions in the solar corona

    CERN Document Server

    Zhao, G Q; Wang, C B

    2014-01-01

    Solar extreme-ultraviolet (EUV) lines emitted by highly charged ions have been extensively studied to discuss the issue of coronal heating and solar wind acceleration. Based on observations of the polar corona by the SUMER/SOHO spectrometer, this paper investigates the relation between the line widths and kinetic parameters of ions. It is shown that there exists a strongly linear correlation between two variables $(\\sigma/\\lambda)^2$ and $M^{-1}$, where $\\sigma$, $\\lambda$ and $M$ are the half-width of the observed line profile at $1/\\sqrt{e}$, the wavelength and the ion mass, respectively. The Pearson product-moment correlation coefficients exceed 0.9. This finding tends to suggest that the ions from a given height of polar corona have a common temperature and a common non-thermal velocity in terms of existing equation. The temperature and non-thermal velocity are obtained by linear least-square fit. The temperature is around $2.8$ MK at heights of 57$''$ and 102$''$. The non-thermal velocity is typical 21.6...

  3. Supernovae as probes of cosmic parameters: estimating the bias from under-dense lines of sight

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Busti, V.C.; Clarkson, C. [Astrophysics, Cosmology and Gravity Center (ACGC), and Department of Mathematics and Applied Mathematics, University of Cape Town, Rondebosch 7701, Cape Town (South Africa); Holanda, R.F.L., E-mail: vinicius.busti@uct.ac.za, E-mail: holanda@uepb.edu.br, E-mail: chris.clarkson@uct.ac.za [Departamento de Física, Universidade Estadual da Paraíba, 58429-500, Campina Grande – PB (Brazil)

    2013-11-01

    Correctly interpreting observations of sources such as type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) require knowledge of the power spectrum of matter on AU scales — which is very hard to model accurately. Because under-dense regions account for much of the volume of the universe, light from a typical source probes a mean density significantly below the cosmic mean. The relative sparsity of sources implies that there could be a significant bias when inferring distances of SNe Ia, and consequently a bias in cosmological parameter estimation. While the weak lensing approximation should in principle give the correct prediction for this, linear perturbation theory predicts an effectively infinite variance in the convergence for ultra-narrow beams. We attempt to quantify the effect typically under-dense lines of sight might have in parameter estimation by considering three alternative methods for estimating distances, in addition to the usual weak lensing approximation. We find in each case this not only increases the errors in the inferred density parameters, but also introduces a bias in the posterior value.

  4. Comparison of growth performance and immune parameters of three commercial chicken lines used in organic production.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kjærup, R B; Juul-Madsen, H R; Norup, L R; Sørensen, P; Dalgaard, T S

    2017-05-01

    Owing to the higher demands for avoiding medication and antibiotics, health status of the production animals plays an important role in the poultry industry, especially in organic poultry systems. Immunity plays a major role in keeping the host free from disease, and it is evident that the host's genetic make-up influences immunity and disease resistance/susceptibility in chickens. Previously, breeding strategies aimed at selection for resistance against specific diseases with the risk of creating less disease resistance against other pathogens. Changing breeding strategies towards selection of chickens with a more general and broad disease resistance or robustness may therefore improve the overall health status, animal welfare, and food security in the poultry production. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the immunocompetence of the presumed "robust" Hellevad chickens with two chicken lines widely used in organic production, Bovans Brown (Bovans) and Hisex White (Hisex). The chickens were subjected to a routine vaccination program comprising one parasite and four viral vaccines. The current study indicates that considerable differences in immunocompetence may exist between commercial layer lines used in organic production. The Hellevad chickens were found to have higher body weight at the end of the experiment (17 weeks of age) than the other two lines. Furthermore, Hellevad and Hisex chickens were found to have higher levels of humoral innate immunity with regard to sample to positive ratio of natural antibodies in serum and concentration of mannose-binding lectin in serum as compared to Bovans. Moreover, indications of an inflammatory response were observed in the Bovans at week 5, corresponding to 1 week after vaccination with live infectious bursal disease virus. With regard to adaptive immune parameters such as IgY concentration in blood and infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV)-specific antibody titres, the Hellevad and Hisex chickens had lower

  5. On-Line Flutter Prediction Tool for Wind Tunnel Flutter Testing using Parameter Varying Estimation Methodology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ZONA Technology, Inc. (ZONA) proposes to develop an on-line flutter prediction tool using the parameter varying estimation (PVE) methodology, called the PVE Toolbox,...

  6. On-Line Flutter Prediction Tool for Wind Tunnel Flutter Testing using Parameter Varying Estimation Methodology Project

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Aeronautics and Space Administration — ZONA Technology, Inc. (ZONA) proposes to develop an on-line flutter prediction tool for wind tunnel model using the parameter varying estimation (PVE) technique to...

  7. Numerical Evaluation of Parameter Correlation in the Hartmann-Tran Line Profile

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adkins, Erin M.; Reed, Zachary; Hodges, Joseph T.

    2017-06-01

    The partially correlated quadratic, speed-dependent hard-collision profile (pCqSDHCP), for simplicity referred to as the Hartmann-Tran profile (HTP), has been recommended as a generalized lineshape for high resolution spectroscopy. The HTP parameterizes complex collisional effects such as Dicke narrowing, speed dependent narrowing, and correlations between velocity-changing and dephasing collisions, while also simplifying to simpler profiles that are widely used, such as the Voigt profile. As advanced lineshape profiles are adopted by more researchers, it is important to understand the limitations that data quality has on the ability to retrieve physically meaningful parameters using sophisticated lineshapes that are fit to spectra of finite signal-to-noise ratio. In this work, spectra were simulated using the HITRAN Application Programming Interface (HAPI) across a full range of line parameters. Simulated spectra were evaluated to quantify the precision with which fitted lineshape parameters can be determined at a given signal-to-noise ratio, focusing on the numerical correlation between the retrieved Dicke narrowing frequency and the velocity-changing and dephasing collisions correlation parameter. Tran, H., N. Ngo, and J.-M. Hartmann, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 2013. 129: p. 89-100. Tennyson, et al., Pure Appl. Chem. 2014, 86: p. 1931-1943. Kochanov, R.V., et al., Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 2016. 177: p. 15-30. Tran, H., N. Ngo, and J.-M. Hartmann, Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer 2013. 129: p. 199-203.

  8. Research on Measurement System of High-Frequency Parameters for Line Traps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wensi Cao

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available The composing of high frequency line trap of power system is briefly introduced, A new method based on improved voltage meter method is presented, which can measure the frequency-impedance characteristic of the line trap of power system. A new testing arithmetic is presented based on the correlation principle, Cross-correlation functions of the two measured signals are directly computed and some properties about correlation and sine function are adopted to separate the useful signals from the part noises,so the measurement accuracy is improved, A group of practical formulas for calculating the impedance and resistive component is summarized ,the MATLAB simulation of the arithmetic is presented . Using DSP chip TMS320LF2407 and A/D chip THS12082 as the core of the measurement system, its software and hardware are designed. Analyze the Given K-type broadband tuning traps which has typical parameters. Experimental results and theoretical analysis demonstrate the measurement system can obtain a precision of better than 1% and has a good ability of anti-jamming.

  9. Diagnostics of recombining laser plasma parameters based on He-like ion resonance lines intensity ratios

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ryazantsev, S. N.; Skobelev, I. Yu; Faenov, A. Ya; Pikuz, T. A.; Grum-Grzhimailo, A. N.; Pikuz, S. A.

    2016-11-01

    While the plasma created by powerful laser expands from the target surface it becomes overcooled, i.e. recombining one. Improving of diagnostic methods applicable for such plasma is rather important problem in laboratory astrophysics nowadays because laser produced jets are fully scalable to young stellar objects. Such scaling is possible because of the plasma hydrodynamic equations invariance under some transformations. In this paper it is shown that relative intensities of the resonance transitions in He-like ions can be used to measure the parameters of recombining plasma. Intensity of the spectral lines corresponding to these transitions is sensitive to the density in the range of 1016-1020 cm-3 while the temperature ranges from 10 to 100 eV for ions with nuclear charge Zn ∼ 10. Calculations were carried out for F VIII ion and allowed to determine parameters of plasma jets created by nanosecond laser system ELFIE (Ecole Polytechnique, France) for astrophysical phenomenon modelling. Obtained dependencies are quite universal and can be used for any recombining plasma containing He-like fluorine ions.

  10. Technical-parameter calculation model for underground low-power electrical lines and indoor installations used in telecommunications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Bastidas Mora

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available This article presents an analysis of electrical distribution theory for 60Hz-lines operating at low voltage, particularly underground lines and residential indoor installations. Such distribution lines’ behaviour is observed as a function of frequency to consider any advantages regarding the potential use of power transmission lines (PTL for transmitting telecommunication signals. A method for computing the secondary parameters is proposed which has been based on the primary parameters, namely inductance, capacitance, conductance and resistance. The secondary parameters so obtained were characteristic impedance, propagation constant (together with its real value and the attenuation constant. Conductor configurations, insulation materials and gauges commonly used in Colombia were verified for such low-voltage lines. A mathematical model is proposed as a theoretical tool for analysing and predicting characteristic impedance pattern and the attenuations which occur at high frequencies, thereby complementing our group’s previous work. Conclusions are drawn, together with a perspective regarding future work and applications.

  11. Designs and Parameters of Compact One-Chain Power Transmission Lines with Con-centric Location of Phases’ Wires

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    G. Seliverstov

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available New power lines of concentric designs with improved electrical parameters are proposed. In these power lines natural power of one voltage class is directly proportional to the number of drives in a split-phase and doesn’t almost depend on wire size ling and the distance between approximated wires of opposite phases. Lines of different voltage classes with the same number of wires in a split-phase have practically equal values of the equivalent parameters – inductance, capacitance and wave resistance.The system of wires transposition is offered, which provides the same load of wire lines and allows the intermediate power selection at any line point and its entirety.

  12. Basic Test Framework for the Evaluation of Text Line Segmentation and Text Parameter Extraction

    OpenAIRE

    Darko Brodić; Milivojević, Dragan R.; Zoran Milivojević

    2010-01-01

    Text line segmentation is an essential stage in off-line optical character recognition (OCR) systems. It is a key because inaccurately segmented text lines will lead to OCR failure. Text line segmentation of handwritten documents is a complex and diverse problem, complicated by the nature of handwriting. Hence, text line segmentation is a leading challenge in handwritten document image processing. Due to inconsistencies in measurement and evaluation of text segmentation algorithm quality, som...

  13. First line shape analysis and spectroscopic parameters for the ν11 band of 12C2H4

    KAUST Repository

    Es-sebbar, Et-touhami

    2016-08-11

    An accurate knowledge of line intensities, collisional broadening coefficients and narrowing parameters is necessary for the interpretation of high-resolution infrared spectra of the Earth and other planetary atmospheres. One of the most promising spectral domains for (C2H4)-C-12 monitoring in such environments is located near the 336 gm window, through its v(11) C-H stretching mode. In this paper, we report an extensive study in which we precisely determine spectroscopic parameters of (C2H4)-C-12 v(11) band at 297 +/- 1 K, using a narrow Difference-Frequency-Generation (DFG) laser with 10(-4) cm(-1) resolution. Absorption measurements were performed in the 2975-2980 cm(-1) spectral window to investigate 32 lines corresponding to where, J\\'ka\\',kc\\'<- Jka,kc, 5 <= J <= 7; 0.5 <= K-a <= 6 and 1 <= K-c <= 14. Spectroscopic parameters are retrieved using either Voigt or appropriate Galatry profile to simulate the measured (C2H4)-C-12 line shape. Line intensities along with self-broadening coefficients are reported for all lines. Narrowing coefficients for each isolated line are also derived. To our knowledge, the current study reports the first extensive spectroscopic parameter measurements of the (C2H4)-C-12 v(11) band in the 2975-2980 cm(-1) range. (C) 2016 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

  14. Hot Subdwarf Stars Observed in LAMOST DR1 - Atmospheric parameters from single-lined spectra

    CERN Document Server

    Luo, Yangping; Liu, Chao; Deng, Licai; Han, Zhanwen

    2016-01-01

    We present a catalog of 166 spectroscopically identified hot subdwarf stars from LAMOST DR1, 44 of which show the characteristics of cool companions in their optical spectra. Atmospheric parameters of 122 non-composite spectra subdwarf stars were measured by fitting the profiles of hydrogen (H) and helium (He) lines with synthetic spectra from non-LTE model atmospheres. Most of the sdB stars scatter near the Extreme Horizontal Branch in the $T_{\\rm eff}-\\log{g}$ diagram and two well defined groups can be outlined. A clustering of He-enriched sdO stars appears near $T_{\\rm eff}=45\\,000$ K and $\\log(g) = 5.8$. The sdB population separates into several nearly parallel sequences in the $T_{\\rm eff}-{\\rm He}$ abundance diagram with clumps corresponding to those in the $T_{\\rm eff}-\\log{g}$ diagram. Over $38\\,000$ K (sdO) stars show abundance extremes, they are either He-rich or He-deficient and we observe only a few stars in the $ -1 < \\log(y) < 0$ abundance range. With increasing temperature these extremes ...

  15. Line-transitive point-imprimitive linear spaces with Fang-Li parameter gcd(k,r) at most 10

    CERN Document Server

    Guan, Haiyan; Zhou, Shenglin

    2011-01-01

    This paper is a further contribution to the classification of line-transitive finite linear spaces. We prove that if S is a non-trivial finite linear space with the Fang-Li parameter gcd(k,r) is 9 or 10, the automorphism group G of S is line-transitive and point-imprimitive, then S is the Desarguesian projective plane PG(2,9).

  16. Estimate of beryllium critical point on the basis of correspondence between the critical and the Zeno-line parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Apfelbaum, E M

    2012-12-20

    The critical-point coordinates of Beryllium have been calculated by means of recently found similarity relations between the Zeno-line and the critical-point parameters. We have used the NVT MC simulations and pseudopotential theory to calculate the Zeno-line parameters together with the data of isobaric measurements to construct the liquid branch of Beryllium binodal. The critical-point coordinates, determined this way, are lower than earlier estimates. We have shown that these previous estimates are in evident contradiction with available measurements data. Present investigation can resolve this contradiction if the measurements data are supposed to be reliable.

  17. Measurement of atomic Stark parameters of many Mn I and Fe I spectral lines using GMAW process

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Zielinska, S; Pellerin, S; Valensi, F [GREMI, Universite d' Orleans (Site de Bourges)/CNRS, BP 4043, 18028 Bourges cedex (France); Dzierzega, K; Musiol, K [Marian Smoluchowski Institute of Physics, Jagellonian University, Krakow (Poland); Briand, F, E-mail: sylwia.zielinska@airliquide.co, E-mail: stephane.pellerin@univ-orleans.f, E-mail: krzycho@netmail.if.uj.edu.p, E-mail: flavien.valensi@laplace.univ-tsle.f, E-mail: ufmusiol@cyf-kr.edu.p, E-mail: francis.briand@airliquide.co [CTAS-Air Liquide Welding, Saint Ouen l' Aunone, 95315 Cergy-Pontoise cedex (France)

    2010-11-03

    The particular character of the welding arc working in pure argon, whose emission spectrum consists of many spectral lines strongly broadened by the Stark effect, has allowed measurement, sometimes for the first time, of the Stark parameters of 15 Mn I and 10 Fe I atomic spectral lines, and determination of the dependence on temperature of normalized Stark broadening in N{sub e} = 10{sup 23} m{sup -3} of the 542.4 nm atomic iron line. These results show that special properties of the MIG plasma may be useful in this domain because composition of the wire-electrode may be easily adapted to the needs of an experiment.

  18. Determination of molecular line parameters for acrolein (C(3)H(4)O) using infrared tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harward, Charles N; Thweatt, W David; Baren, Randall E; Parrish, Milton E

    2006-04-01

    Acrolein (C(3)H(4)O) molecular line parameters, including infrared (IR) absorption positions, strengths, and nitrogen broadened half-widths, must be determined since they are not included in the high resolution transmission (HITRAN) molecular absorption database of spectral lines. These parameters are required for developing a quantitative analytical method for measuring acrolein in a single puff of cigarette smoke using tunable diode laser absorption spectroscopy (TDLAS). The task is complex since acrolein has many highly overlapping infrared absorption lines in the room temperature spectrum and the cigarette smoke matrix contains thousands of compounds. This work describes the procedure for estimating the molecular line parameters for these overlapping absorption lines in the wavenumber range (958.7-958.9 cm(-1)) using quantitative reference spectra taken with the infrared lead-salt TDLAS instrument at different pressures and concentrations. The nitrogen broadened half-width for acrolein is 0.0937 cm(-1)atm(-1) and to our knowledge, is the first time it has been reported in the literature.

  19. Extensions to the quasi-static expressions for the line parameters of coplanar waveguide with relatively thick conductors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Co-planar waveguide (CPW) transmission line can be configured as a sensor to measure the complex permittivity of biological materials. By placing a material with unknown permittivity on the CPW and measuring the scattering parameters with a vector network analyzer, the characteristic impedance and e...

  20. Development of a Probabilistic Technique for On-line Parameter and State Estimation in Non-linear Dynamic Systems

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Tunc Aldemir; Don W. Miller; Brian k. Hajek; Peng Wang

    2002-04-01

    The DSD (Dynamic System Doctor) is a system-independent, interactive software under development for on-line state/parameter estimation in dynamic systems (1), partially supported through a Nuclear Engineering Education (NEER) grant during 1998-2001. This paper summarizes the recent accomplishments in improving the user-friendliness and computational capability of DSD

  1. Influence of process parameters on the weld lines of a micro injection molded component

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tosello, Guido; Gava, Alberto; Hansen, Hans Nørgaard;

    2007-01-01

    was designed and manufactured by µEDM (Electro Discharge Machining). Weld lines were quantitatively characterized both in the two-dimensional (direction and position) and three-dimensional range (surface topography characterization). Results showed that shape and position of weld lines are mainly influenced...

  2. Basic test framework for the evaluation of text line segmentation and text parameter extraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brodić, Darko; Milivojević, Dragan R; Milivojević, Zoran

    2010-01-01

    Text line segmentation is an essential stage in off-line optical character recognition (OCR) systems. It is a key because inaccurately segmented text lines will lead to OCR failure. Text line segmentation of handwritten documents is a complex and diverse problem, complicated by the nature of handwriting. Hence, text line segmentation is a leading challenge in handwritten document image processing. Due to inconsistencies in measurement and evaluation of text segmentation algorithm quality, some basic set of measurement methods is required. Currently, there is no commonly accepted one and all algorithm evaluation is custom oriented. In this paper, a basic test framework for the evaluation of text feature extraction algorithms is proposed. This test framework consists of a few experiments primarily linked to text line segmentation, skew rate and reference text line evaluation. Although they are mutually independent, the results obtained are strongly cross linked. In the end, its suitability for different types of letters and languages as well as its adaptability are its main advantages. Thus, the paper presents an efficient evaluation method for text analysis algorithms.

  3. Line parameters including temperature dependences of air- and self-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 2.06-μm region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Benner, D. Chris; Devi, V. Malathy; Sung, Keeyoon; Brown, Linda R.; Miller, Charles E.; Payne, Vivienne H.; Drouin, Brian J.; Yu, Shanshan; Crawford, Timothy J.; Mantz, Arlan W.; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Gamache, Robert R.

    2016-08-01

    This study reports the results from analyzing a number of high resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio (S/N) spectra in the 2.06-μm spectral region for pure CO2 and mixtures of CO2 in dry air. A multispectrum nonlinear least squares curve fitting technique has been used to retrieve the various spectral line parameters. The dataset includes 27 spectra: ten pure CO2, two 99% 13C-enriched CO2 and fifteen spectra of mixtures of 12C-enriched CO2 in dry air. The spectra were recorded at various gas sample temperatures between 170 and 297 K. The absorption path lengths range from 0.347 to 49 m. The sample pressures for the pure CO2 spectra varied from 1.1 to 594 Torr; for the two 13CO2 spectra the pressures were ∼10 and 146 Torr. For the air-broadened spectra, the pressures of the gas mixtures varied between 200 and 711 Torr with CO2 volume mixing ratios ranging from 0.014% to 0.203%. The multispectrum fitting technique was applied to fit simultaneously all these spectra to retrieve consistent set of line positions, intensities, and line shape parameters including their temperature dependences; for this, the Voigt line shape was modified to include line mixing (via the relaxation matrix formalism) and quadratic speed dependence. The new results are compared to select published values, including recent ab initio calculations. These results are required to retrieve the column averaged dry air mole fraction (XCO2) from space-based observations, such as the Orbiting Carbon Observatory-2 (OCO-2) satellite mission that NASA launched in July 2014.

  4. CRED REA Coral Population Parameters at Kingman Atoll, Line Islands, 2004

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Belt transects along 2 consecutively-placed, 25m transect lines were surveyed as part of Rapid Ecological Assessments conducted at 9 sites at Palmyra Atoll in the...

  5. Vehicle Dynamic Prediction Systems with On-Line Identification of Vehicle Parameters and Road Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Ling-Yuan Hsu; Tsung-Lin Chen

    2012-01-01

    This paper presents a vehicle dynamics prediction system, which consists of a sensor fusion system and a vehicle parameter identification system. This sensor fusion system can obtain the six degree-of-freedom vehicle dynamics and two road angles without using a vehicle model. The vehicle parameter identification system uses the vehicle dynamics from the sensor fusion system to identify ten vehicle parameters in real time, including vehicle mass, moment of inertial, and road friction coefficie...

  6. Theoretical and revisited experimentally retrieved He-broadened line parameters of carbon monoxide in the fundamental band

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predoi-Cross, A.; Esteki, K.; Rozario, H.; Naseri, H.; Latif, S.; Thibault, F.; Malathy Devi, V.; Smith, M. A. H.; Mantz, A. W.

    2016-11-01

    We report revisited experimentally retrieved and theoretically calculated He-broadened Lorentz half-width coefficients and He- pressure-shift coefficients of 45 carbon monoxide transitions in the 1←0 band. The spectra analyzed in this study were recorded over a range of temperatures between 79 and 296 K. The He-broadened line parameters and their temperature dependences were retrieved using a multispectrum nonlinear least squares analysis program. The line shape models used in this study include Voigt, speed dependent Voigt, Rautian (to take into account confinement narrowing) and Rautian with speed dependence, all with an asymmetric component added to account for weak line mixing effects. We were unable to retrieve the temperature dependence of line mixing coefficients. A classical method was used to determine the He-narrowing parameters while quantum dynamical calculations were performed to determine He-broadening and He-pressure shifts coefficients at different temperatures. The line mixing coefficients were also derived from the exponential power gap law and the energy corrected sudden approximation. The current measurements and theoretical results are compared with other published results, where appropriate.

  7. An on-line calibration algorithm for external parameters of visual system based on binocular stereo cameras

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Liqiang; Liu, Zhen; Zhang, Zhonghua

    2014-11-01

    Stereo vision is the key in the visual measurement, robot vision, and autonomous navigation. Before performing the system of stereo vision, it needs to calibrate the intrinsic parameters for each camera and the external parameters of the system. In engineering, the intrinsic parameters remain unchanged after calibrating cameras, and the positional relationship between the cameras could be changed because of vibration, knocks and pressures in the vicinity of the railway or motor workshops. Especially for large baselines, even minute changes in translation or rotation can affect the epipolar geometry and scene triangulation to such a degree that visual system becomes disabled. A technology including both real-time examination and on-line recalibration for the external parameters of stereo system becomes particularly important. This paper presents an on-line method for checking and recalibrating the positional relationship between stereo cameras. In epipolar geometry, the external parameters of cameras can be obtained by factorization of the fundamental matrix. Thus, it offers a method to calculate the external camera parameters without any special targets. If the intrinsic camera parameters are known, the external parameters of system can be calculated via a number of random matched points. The process is: (i) estimating the fundamental matrix via the feature point correspondences; (ii) computing the essential matrix from the fundamental matrix; (iii) obtaining the external parameters by decomposition of the essential matrix. In the step of computing the fundamental matrix, the traditional methods are sensitive to noise and cannot ensure the estimation accuracy. We consider the feature distribution situation in the actual scene images and introduce a regional weighted normalization algorithm to improve accuracy of the fundamental matrix estimation. In contrast to traditional algorithms, experiments on simulated data prove that the method improves estimation

  8. Roughness Parameters Calculation By Means Of On-Line Vibration Monitoring Emerging From AWJ Interaction With Material

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hreha Pavol

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available The paper deals with a study of relations between the measured Ra, Rq, Rz surface roughness parameters, the traverse speed of cutting head v and the vibration parameters, PtP, RMS, vRa, generated during abrasive water jet cutting of the AISI 309 stainless steel. Equations for prediction of the surface roughness parameters were derived according to the vibration parameter and the traverse speed of cutting head. Accuracy of the equations is described according to the Euclidean distances. The results are suitable for an on-line control model simulating abrasive water jet cutting and machining using an accompanying physical phenomenon for the process control which eliminates intervention of the operator.

  9. Impact of process parameters and design options on heat leaks of straight cryogenic distribution lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. Duda

    2017-03-01

    Full Text Available The Future Circular Collider (FCC accelerator will require a helium distribution system that will exceed the presently exploited transfer lines by almost 1 order of magnitude. The helium transfer line will contain five process pipes protected against heat leaks by a common thermal shield. The design pressure of the FCC process pipe with supercritical helium will be equal to 5.0 MPa, significantly exceeding the 2.0 MPa value in the present, state-of–art transfer lines. The increase of the design pressure requires construction changes to be introduced to the support system, the vacuum barriers and the compensation bellows. This will influence heat flows to the helium. The paper analyses the impact of the increased design pressure on the heat flow. The paper also offers a discussion of the design modifications to the compensation system, including the replacement of stainless steel with Invar®—aimed at mitigating the pressure increase.

  10. On-line detecting of transformer winding deformation based on parameter identification of leakage inductance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hao Zhiguo; Zhang Baohui; Li Peng

    2007-01-01

    Transformers are required to demonstrate the ability to withstand short circuit currents. Over currents caused by short circuit can give rise to windings deformation. In this paper, a novel method is proposed to monitor the state of transformer windings, which is achieved through on-line detecting the leakage inductance of the windings. Specifically, the mathematical model is established for on-line identifying the leakage inductance of the windings by applying least square algorithm (LSA) to the equivalent circuit equations. The effect of measurement and model inaccuracy on the identification error is analyzed, and the corrected model is also given to decrease these adverse effect on the results. Finally, dynamic test is carried out to verify our method. The test results clearly show that our method is very accurate even under the fluctuation of load or power factor. Therefore, our method can be effectively used to on-line detect the windings deformation.

  11. Impact of process parameters and design options on heat leaks of straight cryogenic distribution lines

    CERN Document Server

    Duda, Pawel; Chorowski, Maciej Pawel; Polinski, J

    2017-01-01

    The Future Circular Collider (FCC) accelerator will require a helium distribution system that will exceed the presently exploited transfer lines by almost 1 order of magnitude. The helium transfer line will contain five process pipes protected against heat leaks by a common thermal shield. The design pressure of the FCC process pipe with supercritical helium will be equal to 5.0 MPa, significantly exceeding the 2.0 MPa value in the present, state-of–art transfer lines. The increase of the design pressure requires construction changes to be introduced to the support system, the vacuum barriers and the compensation bellows. This will influence heat flows to the helium. The paper analyses the impact of the increased design pressure on the heat flow. The paper also offers a discussion of the design modifications to the compensation system, including the replacement of stainless steel with Invar—aimed at mitigating the pressure increase.

  12. Neutral atomic absorption lines and far-UV extinction: Possible implications for depletions and grain parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Welty, Daniel E.

    1990-01-01

    Researchers examine nine lines of sight within the Galaxy and one in the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC) for which data on both neutral atomic absorption lines (Snow 1984; White 1986; Welty, Hobbs, and York 1989) and far UV extinction (Bless and Savage 1972; Jenkins, Savage, and Spitzer 1986) are available, in order to test the assumption that variations in gamma/alpha will cancel in taking ratios of the ionization balance equation, and to try to determine to what extent that assumption has affected the aforementioned studies of depletions and grain properties.

  13. Line parameters including temperature dependences of self- and air-broadened line shapes of 12C16O2: 1.6-μm region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, V. Malathy; Benner, D. Chris; Sung, Keeyoon; Brown, Linda R.; Crawford, Timothy J.; Miller, Charles E.; Drouin, Brian J.; Payne, Vivienne H.; Yu, Shanshan; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Mantz, Arlan W.; Gamache, Robert R.

    2016-07-01

    Pressure-broadened line shapes in the 30013←00001 (ν1+4 ν20 +ν3) band of 12C16O2 at 6228 cm-1 are reanalyzed using new spectra recorded with sample temperatures down to 170 K. High resolution, high signal-to-noise (S/N) laboratory measurements of line shapes (Lorentz air- and self-broadened half-width coefficients, pressure-shift coefficients and off-diagonal relaxation matrix element coefficients) as a function of gas sample temperatures for various pressures and volume mixing ratios are presented. The spectra were recorded using two different Fourier transform spectrometers (FTS): (1) the McMath-Pierce FTS located at the National Solar Observatory on Kitt Peak, Arizona (and reported in Devi et al., J Mol Spectrosc 2007;245:52-80) and, (2) the Bruker IFS-125HR FTS at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory in Pasadena, California. The 19 spectra taken at Kitt Peak were all recorded near room temperature while the 27 Bruker spectra were acquired both at room temperature and colder temperatures (170-296 K). Various spectral resolutions (0.004-0.011 cm-1), absorption path lengths (2.46-121 m) and CO2 samples (natural and 12C-enriched) were included in the dataset. To maximize the accuracies of the various retrieved line parameters, a multispectrum nonlinear least squares spectrum fitting software program was used to adjust the ro-vibrational constants (G,B,D etc.) and intensity parameters (including Herman-Wallis terms) instead of directly measuring the individual line positions and intensities. To minimize systematic residuals, line mixing (via off-diagonal relaxation matrix elements) and quadratic speed dependence parameters were included in the analysis. Contributions from other weakly absorbing bands: the 30013←00001 and 30012←00001 bands of 13C16O2, the 30013←00001 band of 12C16O18O, hot bands 31113←01101 and 32212←02201 of 12C16O2, as well as the 40013←10001 and the 40014←10002 bands of 12C16O2, present within the fitted interval were also measured

  14. Development of a Laboratory Synchrophasor Network and an Application to Estimate Transmission Line Parameters in Real Time

    Science.gov (United States)

    Almiron Bonnin, Rubens Eduardo

    The development of an experimental synchrophasors network and application of synchrophasors for real-time transmission line parameter monitoring are presented in this thesis. In the laboratory setup, a power system is simulated in a RTDS real-time digital simulator, and the simulated voltages and currents are input to hardware phasor measurement units (PMUs) through the analog outputs of the simulator. Time synchronizing signals for the PMU devices are supplied from a common GPS clock. The real time data collected from PMUs are sent to a phasor data concentrator (PDC) through Ethernet using the TCP/IP protocol. A real-time transmission line parameter monitoring application program that uses the synchrophasor data provided by the PDC is implemented and validated. The experimental synchrophasor network developed in this thesis is expected to be used in research on synchrophasor applications as well as in graduate and undergraduate teaching.

  15. Line-primitive Linear Spaces with Fang-Li Parameter gcd(k, r) at Most 12

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Sheng Lin ZHOU; Yan Bo MA; Wei Dong FANG

    2011-01-01

    Let G be a subgroup of the automorphism group of a non-trivial finite linear space S. In this paper we prove that if G is line-primitive with Fang-Li parameter gcd(k, r) = 11 and 12, then G is also point-primitive. This extends the results of Fang and Li (1993) and Li and Liu (2001) which combined gives the result for gcd(k, r) ≤ 10.

  16. Impact of difference in absorption line parameters in spectroscopic databases on CO2 and CH4 atmospheric content retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chesnokova, T. Yu.; Chentsov, A. V.; Rokotyan, N. V.; Zakharov, V. I.

    2016-09-01

    The impact of uncertainties in CH4 and CO2 absorption line parameters in modern spectroscopic databases on the atmospheric transmission simulation in the near-infrared region is investigated. The atmospheric contents of CH4 and CO2 are retrieved from the absorption solar spectra measured by a ground-based Fourier transform spectrometer. Different spectroscopic databases are used in the forward radiative transfer model and a comparison of the retrieved results is made.

  17. Influence of parameters of machine cutting on drills durability in a line of frame casting

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Jaworski

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available The text shows the influence of parameters of machine cutting on wear and tear of drills which are made of low-alloyed high-speed steal SW2M5 while holes drilling in spheroid cast iron samples GGG50. The results showed that only wear and tear of the VBwo tops ismonotonically rising in a time and can be assumed as criterion of wear and tear. The value of VBwo that starts the wear and tear depends on the parameters of machine cutting and features of material processing.

  18. CAD model for circuit parameters of superconducting-based hybrid planar transmission lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mohebbi, Hamid Reza; Hamed Majedi, A, E-mail: hmohebbi@maxwell.uwaterloo.c, E-mail: ahmajedi@maxwell.uwaterloo.c [Integrated Quantum Optoelectronics Lab (IQOL), Department of ECE, Institute for Quantum Computing (IQC), University of Waterloo, Waterloo, N2L 3G1 (Canada)

    2009-12-15

    Using the concept of surface impedance associated with a superconductor or normal conductor's plate, we extend the CAD (computer aided design) formalisms on modeling and simulation of superconducting and normal transmission lines (STL and NTL) in order to include hybrid transmission lines (HTL). STL and NTL are entirely made of superconductor or normal conductor materials, respectively. In this paper, HTL refers to a planar transmission line (TL) such as parallel plate (PPTL), microstrip ({mu}TL) and coplanar waveguide (CPW) whose ground plate is superconducting and whose top/center strip is a normal conductor or vice versa. We develop and present a set of closed-form equations in a tidy and succinct form for each configuration (STL, NTL and HTL) for widely-used planar TLs (PPTL, {mu}TL and CPW). They can be easily implemented in a systematic way by the user for the purpose of fast TL design. The results obtained with this CAD tool are compared with previously reported results in the literature, and good agreement is observed.

  19. On-line measurement of mechanical, optical properties and roughness parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hartman, H.

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available On-line measurements become a central importance for the control of production line output. The target is to replace traditional single local destructive quality checks by a continuous survey of the product properties. Other traditional like pyrometric temperature measurements suffer of well-known but non-soluble weakness points. New methods need the unambiguous correlation with the results of traditional testing to be representative for valid proof standards.EKO Stahl GmbH introduces several methods of on-line measurements focused actually on temperature measurement means of FTIR-Spectrometer, prediction of the mechanical properties of steel strips using the information of residual magnetization after a magnetization pulse and optical roughness measurements. The correlation between the results of the new methods and the classical proof processes has been established in a satisfactory manner.

    Las medidas on line van tomando una importancia central para el control de la calidad de la producción . El objetivo es reemplazar las pruebas destructivas puntuales tradicionales por un control continuo de las características del producto. Otros métodos tradicionales, como la medida de la temperatura con pirómetros, adolecen de conocidos pero insolubles puntos débiles. Los nuevos métodos necesitan la correlación inequívoca con los resultados de los métodos corrientes clásicos para obtener la autoridad de un estándar de prueba. La EKO Stahl GmbH ha introducido varios métodos de medidas on line y actualmente concentrados en la medida de la temperatura con espectrómetro FTIR, predicción de las características mecánicas usando la información del magnetismo residual, a partir de un impulso magnético inicial así como la medida óptica de la rugosidad. La correlación entre los resultados de los nuevos métodos y los métodos clásicos ha quedado establecida de manera satisfactoria.

  20. Variations of immune parameters in the lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus after infection with enteritis pathogen of Vibrio parahaemolyticus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, Tingting; Zhang, Dong; Liu, Xin; Xiao, Dongxue

    2016-03-01

    Enteritis has been increasingly recognized as one of the major obstacles for the lined seahorse Hippocampus erectus mass culture success. In the present study, the intestinal bacteria strains of the lined seahorses H. erectus suffered from enteritis were isolated, then their pathogenicities were confirmed by artificial infection, and one pathogenic bacteria strain named DS3 was obtained. The median lethal dose (LD50) of strain DS3 for 10 days was determined. The seahorses with different infection levels of uninfected (control), early stage of infection (ESI) and late stage of infection (LSI) were respectively sampled at 0, 3, 6 and 9 days post infection, and 12 immune parameters in the plasma were analyzed. The strain DS3 identified with a biochemical test combined with a molecular method was Vibrio parahaemolyticus, and its LD50 for 10 days was 1.3 × 10(3) cfu/fish. Six parameters including monocytes/leucocytes, leucocytes phagocytic rate, interleukin-2, interferon-α, lysozyme and immunoglobulin M exhibited a generally similar variation trend: highest in the control, second in the ESI and lowest in the LSI throughout the entire experiment. In view of the infection level of V. parahaemolyticus to H. erectus is largely decided by the seahorse's own immune capacity, therefore, these immune parameters were high in the non- or slightly infected seahorses, and low in the severely infected individuals may be an indicator for immune level. These immune parameters may be reliable indicators for the juvenile and broodstock quality assessment. Moreover, clarification of the enteritis pathogen also provides guidances for targeted medicine choice for the lined seahorse.

  1. Line formation in Be star circumstellar disks Shear broadening, shell absorption, stellar obscuration and rotational parameter

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hummel, W.; Vrancken, M.

    2000-07-01

    We improve the theory of Horne & Marsh on shear broadening in accretion disks of CVs and adapt it to Be star circumstellar disks. Stellar obscuration and shell absorption are taken into account in detail. It is shown that shell absorption is already present in those emission lines where the central depression does not drop below the stellar continuum. The model profiles are fitted to observed symmetric Hα net emission lines with low equivalent width. The derived disk radii range from Rd = 5.3 R_* to Rd = 18 R_* and the surface emissivity varies as ~ R-m with 1.6 (1)/(2) with the optically thick Hα profile of HR 5440 rules out the range of j>(1)/(2). This can be understood by the lack of velocity shear in the outer disk regions. We conclude that Keplerian rotation (j=(1)/(2)) is a valid approximation. Based on observations collected at the German-Spanish Astronomical Center (DSAZ), Calar Alto, operated by the Max-Plank-Institut für Astronomie Heidelberg jointly with the Spanish National Commission for Astronomy. Based on observations collected at the Observatoire de Haute-Provence (OHP), CNRS, France.

  2. Fourier transform measurements of water vapor line parameters in the 4200-6600 cm{sup -1} region

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jenouvrier, Alain [Groupe de Spectrometrie Moleculaire et Atmospherique, UMR CNRS 6089, UFR Sciences, Moulin de la Housse, B.P. 1039, 51067 Reims Cedex 2 (France)]. E-mail: alain.jenouvrier@univ-reims.fr; Daumont, Ludovic [Groupe de Spectrometrie Moleculaire et Atmospherique, UMR CNRS 6089, UFR Sciences, Moulin de la Housse, B.P. 1039, 51067 Reims Cedex 2 (France); Regalia-Jarlot, Laurence [Groupe de Spectrometrie Moleculaire et Atmospherique, UMR CNRS 6089, UFR Sciences, Moulin de la Housse, B.P. 1039, 51067 Reims Cedex 2 (France); Tyuterev, Vladimir G. [Groupe de Spectrometrie Moleculaire et Atmospherique, UMR CNRS 6089, UFR Sciences, Moulin de la Housse, B.P. 1039, 51067 Reims Cedex 2 (France); Carleer, Michel [Service de Chimie Quantique et de Photophysique, CP 160/09, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 50 Av. F.D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium); Vandaele, Ann Carine [Institut d' Aeronomie Spatiale de Belgique, Av. Circulaire 3, B-1180 Brussels (Belgium); Mikhailenko, Semen [Laboratory of Theoretical Spectroscopy, Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Russian Academy of Sciences, 1, Av. Akademichesskii, 634055 Tomsk (Russian Federation); Fally, Sophie [Service de Chimie Quantique et de Photophysique, CP 160/09, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, 50 Av. F.D. Roosevelt, B-1050 Brussels (Belgium)

    2007-06-15

    New high-resolution water vapor absorption spectra were obtained at room temperature in the 4200-6600 cm{sup -1} spectral region by combining Fourier transform spectrometers (FTS) with single and multiple reflection cells. With absorption paths from 0.3 to 1800 m in pure and air diluted water vapor, accurate measurements of about 10400 lines in an intensity range from 10{sup -29} to 10{sup -19} cm/molecule have been performed. Positions, intensities, self- and air-broadening coefficients and air-induced shifts were determined for the H{sub 2} {sup 16}O, H{sub 2} {sup 17}O, H{sub 2} {sup 18}O and HDO isotopologues. The rovibrational assignment of the observed lines was performed with the use of global variational predictions and allowed the identification of several new energy levels. One major contribution of this work consists of the identification of 3280 new weak lines. A very close agreement between the new measured parameters and those listed in the database is reported as well as between the observations and the most recent variational calculations for the positions and the intensities. The present parameters provide an extended and homogeneous data set for water vapor, which is shown to significantly improve the databases for atmospheric applications, especially in the transmission windows on both sides of the band centered at 5400 cm{sup -1}.

  3. Research on the Parameter Optimization of Lines Connecting Main Line and Arrival -departure Line in High -speed Railway Station Yard%高速铁路站场正线与到发线间线路优化研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    魏庆朝; 尹国栋; 时瑾; 来琳

    2015-01-01

    Research purposes:With numerous railway lines laid in the yard,high -speed railway station should not only meet the operation requirements of train to pass in high speed,but also satisfy the demand of high -speed train to arrival,departure and turn -back in station yard.For the influence of speed reduction of train and station arrangement, radius of curve on arrival -departure line is much less than that of curve on main line,and parameter selection of lines connecting main line and arrival -departure line affects the travel quality of train directly.Referring to existing researches,and based on the dynamic theory and wheel -rail contact mode,dynamic analysis model was established, considering the running conditions of train between the main line and the arrival -departure line in high -speed railway station yard.Using the established model,effects on travelling safety and stability of train aroused by length variation of intermediate straight line and transition line connecting turnout on main line and curve on arrival -departure line behind turnout were calculated.Accordingly,theoretical basis is provided for the parameter optimization of lines connecting arrival -departure line and main line in high -speed railway station yard. Research conclusions:Based on related researches on the matching relation of superelevation and transition curve length with circular curve radius,required calculation parameters were selected,and calculations on the relation between travelling quality of train and parameter variation of connection lines between main line and arrival -departure line indicate that:(1 )To meet the demand of traveling stability,intermediate straight line with length not less than 9 m was proposed to be set to connect turnout on main line and curve on arrival -departure line in high -speed railway station yard.(2)The increase of transition curve length has rarely influence on easing vehicle vibration on circular curve as the length of transition curve

  4. Comparison of growth performance and immune parameters of three commercial chicken lines used in organic production

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kjærup, Rikke Brødsgaard; Juul-Madsen, Helle Risdahl; Norup, Liselotte Rothmann

    2017-01-01

    Owing to the higher demands for avoiding medication and antibiotics, health status of the production animals plays an important role in the poultry industry, especially in organic poultry systems. Immunity plays a major role in keeping the host free from disease, and it is evident that the host...... of chickens with a more general and broad disease resistance or robustness may therefore improve the overall health status, animal welfare, and food security in the poultry production. The aim of this study was therefore to compare the immunocompetence of the presumed “robust” Hellevad chickens with two...... chicken lines widely used in organic production, Bovans Brown (Bovans) and Hisex White (Hisex). The chickens were subjected to a routine vaccination program comprising one parasite and four viral vaccines. The current study indicates that considerable differences in immunocompetence may exist between...

  5. LINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Minas Bakalchev

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available The perception of elements in a system often creates their interdependence, interconditionality, and suppression. The lines from a basic geometrical element have become the model of a reductive world based on isolation according to certain criteria such as function, structure, and social organization. Their traces are experienced in the contemporary world as fragments or ruins of a system of domination of an assumed hierarchical unity. How can one release oneself from such dependence or determinism? How can the lines become less “systematic” and forms more autonomous, and less reductive? How is a form released from modernistic determinism on the new controversial ground? How can these elements or forms of representation become forms of action in the present complex world? In this paper, the meaning of lines through the ideas of Le Corbusier, Leonidov, Picasso, and Hitchcock is presented. Spatial research was made through a series of examples arising from the projects of the architectural studio “Residential Transformations”, which was a backbone for mapping the possibilities ranging from playfulness to exactness, as tactics of transformation in the different contexts of the contemporary world.

  6. Effect of Alpha-Particle Energies on CR-39 Line-Shape Parameters using Positron Annihilation Technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lotfy Y. A.

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available Polyally diglycol carbonate "CR-39" is widely used as etched track type particle detector. Doppler broadening positron annihilation (DBPAT provides direct information about core and valance electrons in (CR-39 due to radiation effects. It provides a non-destructive and non-interfering probe having a detecting efficiency. This paper reports the effect of irradiation alpha-particle intensity emitted from 241-Am (5.486 MeV source on the line shape S- and W-parameters for CR-39 samples. Modification of the CR-39 samples due to irradiation were studied using X-ray diffraction (XRD and scanning electron microscopy (SEM techniques.

  7. Analysis of a Kalman filter based method for on-line estimation of atmospheric dispersion parameters using radiation monitoring data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drews, Martin; Lauritzen, Bent; Madsen, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    A Kalman filter method is discussed for on-line estimation of radioactive release and atmospheric dispersion from a time series of off-site radiation monitoring data. The method is based on a state space approach, where a stochastic system equation describes the dynamics of the plume model...... parameters, and the observables are linked to the state variables through a static measurement equation. The method is analysed for three simple state space models using experimental data obtained at a nuclear research reactor. Compared to direct measurements of the atmospheric dispersion, the Kalman filter...... estimates are found to agree well with the measured parameters, provided that the radiation measurements are spread out in the cross-wind direction. For less optimal detector placement it proves difficult to distinguish variations in the source term and plume height; yet the Kalman filter yields consistent...

  8. Line Parameters Of CH3CN From 305 To 415 cm-1

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Linda R.; Kamadjeu, D. A.; Kleiner, I.; Orphal, J.; Sams, R. L.

    2006-12-01

    Mapping important compounds, such as hydrocarbons and nitriles, is needed in order to understand the photochemical cycle of Titan and how it couples with the dynamics to produce organic aerosols. For this, the CIRS spectrometer (Composite Infrared Spectrometer) on board Cassini is currently recording rotation and vibration-rotation spectra of Titan between 10 and 1400 cm-1. To support analysis of these data, high resolution laboratory spectra of CH3CN have been recorded using Fourier transform spectrometers at PNL and LISA. This paper presents a prediction of line positions and intensities of CH3 CN for the ν&8 fundamental and the 2ν8 -ν8 hot band (located near 360 cm&-1). Analyses of the two fundamentals near 10 microns are in progress. Part of the research described in this paper was performed at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, under contract with The National Aeronautics and Space Administration. I.K, J. O and A. D. also want to thank the Programme National de Planétologie for funding part of this research. This research was supported, in part, by the United States Department of Energy, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Chemical Sciences Division and the experimental part was performed at the W. R, Wiley Environmental Molecular Science Laboratory, a national scientific user facility sponsored by the Department of Energy's Office of Biological and Environmental Research located at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. Pacific Northwest National Laboratory is operated for the United States Department of Energy by Battelle under contract DE-AC06-76RLO 1830. We wish to thank Drs R. Antilla and S. Alanko for kindly making available supplemental data in electronic and paper forms. #

  9. Genetic parameters of meat technological quality traits in a grand-parental commercial line of turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bentley James

    2003-11-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Genetic parameters for meat quality traits and their relationships with body weight and breast development were estimated for a total of 420 male turkeys using REML. The birds were slaughtered in a commercial plant and the traits measured included pH at 20 min (pH20 and 24 h post-mortem (pHu and colour of the breast and thigh meat. The heritabilities of the rate and the extent of the pH fall in the breast muscle were estimated at h2 = 0.21 ± 0.04 and h2 = 0.16 ± 0.04, respectively. Heritabilities ranging from 0.10 to 0.32 were obtained for the colour indicators in the breast muscle. A marked negative genetic correlation (rg = -0.80 ± 0.10 was found between pH20 and lightness (L* of breast meat, both traits corresponding to PSE indicators. The pH20 in the thigh muscle had a moderate heritability (h2 = 0.20 ± 0.07 and was partially genetically related to pH20 in the breast muscle (rg = 0.45 ± 0.17. Body weight and breast yield were positively correlated with both initial and ultimate pH and negatively with the lightness of breast meat.

  10. The theoretical foundations for calculating the technical parameters for low- tension overhead electricity lines for use in telecommunications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Henry Arturo Bastidas Mora

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available This article presents the properties of electric power networks for use as a channel for transmitting telecommunications signals. It starts by exploring the principles and theoretical basis for calculating power lines’ critical technical parameters, referring in detail to the following primary parameters: inductance, capacitance, conductance and resistance. It then deals with e secondary para- meters (most useful from a telecommunications perspective: characteristic impedance and propagation constant (the attenuation constant being the latter’s real component. Different topologies and low- and medium-tension aerial power line structures are verified; a mathematical model is then proposed to analyse their behaviour at high frequencies, extending to most aerial electric power distribution systems in Colombia. This work includes some of the results from previous research which was known as “U- sing power line telecommunications (PLT technology for designing a solution for accessing the broadband internet in rural areas of Colombia” by the present author and the Pilot University of Colombia. The proposed mathematical model provides a tool for making theoretical calculations applicable to PLT.

  11. Spectroscopic line parameters of 12CH4 for atmospheric composition retrievals in the 4300-4500 cm-1 region

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hashemi, R.; Predoi-Cross, A.; Nikitin, A. V.; Tyuterev, Vl. G.; Sung, K.; Smith, M. A. H.; Malathy Devi, V.

    2017-01-01

    Due to the importance of methane as a trace atmospheric gas and a greenhouse gas, we have carried out a precise line-shape study to obtain the CH4-CH4 and CH4-air half-width coefficients, CH4-CH4 and CH4-air shift coefficients and off-diagonal relaxation matrix element coefficients for methane transitions in the spectral range known as the "methane Octad". In addition, the associated temperature dependences of these coefficients have been measured in the 4300-4500 cm-1 region of the Octad. The high signal to noise ratio spectra of pure methane and of dilute mixtures of methane in dry air with high resolution have been recorded at temperatures from 148 K to room temperature using the Bruker IFS 125 HR Fourier transform spectrometer (FTS) at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory, Pasadena, California. The analysis of spectra was done using a multispectrum non-linear least-squares curve fitting technique. Theoretical calculations have been performed and the results are compared with the previously published line positions, intensities and with the line parameters available in the GEISA and HITRAN2012 databases.

  12. Genome-wide QTL mapping for wheat processing quality parameters in a Gaocheng 8901/Zhoumai 16 recombinant inbred line population

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hui Jin

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Dough rheological and starch pasting properties play an important role in determining processing quality in bread wheat (Triticum aestivum L.. In the present study, a recombinant inbred line (RIL population derived from a Gaocheng 8901/Zhoumai 16 cross grown in three environments was used to identify quantitative trait loci (QTLs for dough rheological and starch pasting properties evaluated by Mixograph, Rapid Visco-Analyzer (RVA and Mixolab parameters using 90K and 660K single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP chip assays. A high-density linkage map constructed with 46,961 polymorphic SNP markers from the wheat 90K and 660K SNP assays spanned a total length of 4,121 cM, with an average chromosome length of 196.2 cM and marker density of 0.09 cM/marker; 6,596 new SNP markers were anchored to the bread wheat linkage map, with 1,046 and 5,550 markers from the 90K and 660K SNP assays, respectively. Composite interval mapping identified 119 additive QTLs on 20 chromosomes except 4D; among them, 15 accounted for more than 10% of the phenotypic variation across two or three environments. Twelve QTLs for Mixograph parameters, 17 for RVA parameters and 55 for Mixolab parameters were new. Eleven QTL clusters were identified. The closely linked SNP markers can be used in marker-assisted wheat breeding in combination with the Kompetitive Allele Specific PCR (KASP technique for improvement of processing quality in bread wheat.

  13. Theoretical Modeling of Emission-Line galaxies: New Classification Parameters for Mid-Infrared and Optical Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Meléndez, M; Martínez-Paredes, M; Kraemer, S B; Mendoza, C

    2014-01-01

    We have carried out extensive and detailed photoionization modeling to successfully constrain the locations of different emission-line galaxies in optical and mid-infrared diagnostic diagrams. Our model grids cover a wide range in parameter space for the active galaxy continuum and starburst galaxies with different stellar population laws and metallicities. We compare the predicted AGN and star-formation mid-infrared line ratios [Ne III]15.56mm/[Ne II]12.81mm and [O IV]25.89mm/[Ne III]15.56mm to the observed values, and find that the best fit for the AGN is via a two-zone approximation. This two-zone approximation is a combination of a matter-bounded component, where [Ne III] and [O IV] are emitted efficiently, and a radiation-bounded component that maximizes [Ne II] emission. We overlay the predictions from this two-zone approximation onto the optical [O III]l5007/Hbeta and [N II]l6583/Halpha diagnostic diagram derived from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey, to find that the high-density and low-ionization radiat...

  14. Genetic parameters and genetic trends in the Chinese × European Tiameslan composite pig line. II. Genetic trends

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Legault Christian

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract The Tiameslan line was created between 1983 and 1985 by mating Meishan × Jiaxing crossbred Chinese boars with sows from the Laconie composite male line. The Tiameslan line has been selected since then on an index combining average backfat thickness (ABT and days from 20 to 100 kg (DT. Direct and correlated responses to 11 years of selection were estimated using BLUP methodology applied to a multiple trait animal model. A total of 11 traits were considered, i.e.: ABT, DT, body weight at 4 (W4w, 8 (W8w and 22 (W22w weeks of age, teat number (TEAT, number of good teats (GTEAT, total number of piglets born (TNB, born alive (NBA and weaned (NW per litter, and birth to weaning survival rate (SURV. Performance data from a total of 4 881 males and 4 799 females from 1 341 litters were analysed. The models included both direct and maternal effects for ABT, W4w and W8w. Male and female performances were considered as different traits for W22w, DT and ABT. Genetic parameters estimated in another paper (Zhang et al., Genet. Sel. Evol. 32 (2000 41-56 were used to perform the analyses. Favourable phenotypic (ΔP and direct genetic trends (ΔGd were obtained for post-weaning growth traits and ABT. Trends for maternal effects were limited. Phenotypic and genetic trends were larger in females than in males for ABT (e.g. ΔGd = -0.48 vs. -0.38 mm/year, were larger in males for W22w (ΔGd = 0.90 vs. 0.58 kg/year and were similar in both sexes for DT (ΔGd = -0.54 vs. -0.55 day/year. Phenotypic and genetic trends were slightly favourable for W4w, W8w, TEAT and GTEAT and close to zero for reproductive traits.

  15. Hypolipidemic and antioxidative effects of Curcumin on blood parameters, humoral immunity, and jejunum histology in Hy-line hens

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Javad Arshami

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Turmeric (Curcuma Longa Linn is a medicinal plant that contains curcumin. There is a growing interest in using curcumin powder (CP as feed additives for antioxidative and antimicrobial properties to improve human health. This study was conducted to determine the appropriate levels of CP on blood parameters, immunity, and histology of jejunum in hens. Materials and Methods: A total of 200, 58-wk-old Hy-line hens were randomly distributed into 4 treatments (0%, 0.5%, 1.5%, and 2.5% CP or 0, 5, 15, and 25 g/kg feed, respectively with 5 replicates (10 birds each for 8 weeks using the completely randomized design. Blood samples were taken from 2 birds per replicate at weeks 61 and 65 to evaluate blood parameters. On weeks 63 and 65, two birds from each replicate received 0.5 ml SRBC (25% injection in breast muscle and 7 days later, blood samples were collected to evaluate total Ig, IgG, and IgM titers in serum. Two hens were sacrificed at week 65 for the histological study of  jejunum. Results: Curcumin reduced triglycerides at 1.5% and 2.5% and cholesterol and LDL at 2.5% (p

  16. On-line identification, flutter testing and adaptive notching of structural parameters for V-22 tiltrotor aircraft

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    R K Mehra; P O Arambel; A M Sampath; R K Prasanth; T C Parham

    2000-04-01

    New algorithms and results are presented for flutter testing and adaptive notching of structural modes in V-22 tiltrotor aircraft based on simulated and flight-test data from Bell Helicopter Textron, Inc. (BHTI). For flutter testing and the identification of structural mode frequencies, dampings and mode shapes, time domain state space techniques based on Deterministic Stochastic Realization Algorithms (DSRA) are used to accurately identify multiple modessimultaneously from sine sweep and other multifrequency data, resulting in great savings over the conventional Prony method. Two different techniques for adaptive notching are explored in order to design an Integrated Flight Structural Control (IFSC) system. The first technique is based on on-line identification of structural mode parameters using DSRA algorithm and tuning of a notch filter. The second technique is based on decoupling rigid-body and structural modes of the aircraft by means of a Kalman filter and using rigid-body estimates in the feedback control loop. The difference between the two approaches is that on-line identification and adaptive notching in the first approach are entirely based on the knowledge of structural modes, whereas the Kalman filter design in the second approach is based on the rigid-body dynamic model only.In the first IFSC design, on-line identification is necessary for flight envelope expansion and to adjust the notch filter frequencies and suppress aero-servoelastic instabilities due to changing flight conditionssuch as gross weight, sling loads, and airspeed. It isshown that by tuning the notch filterfrequency to the identified frequency, the phase lag is reduced and the corresponding structural mode is effectively suppressed and stability is maintained. In the second IFSC design using Kalman filter design, the structural modes are again effectively suppressed. Furthermore, the rigid-body estimates are found to be fairly insensitive to both natural frequency and damping factor

  17. Molecular line intensities as measures of cloud masses - I. Sensitivity of CO emissions to physical parameter variations

    CERN Document Server

    Bell, T A; Viti, S; Williams, D A

    2006-01-01

    A reliable estimate of the molecular gas content in galaxies plays a crucial role in determining their dynamical and star-forming properties. However, H2, the dominant molecular species, is difficult to observe directly, particularly in the regions where most molecular gas is thought to reside. Its mass is therefore commonly inferred by assuming a direct proportionality with the integrated intensity of the CO(J=1-0) emission line, using a CO-to-H2 conversion factor, X. Although a canonical value for X is used extensively in such estimates, there is increasing evidence, both theoretical and observational, that the conversion factor may vary by over an order of magnitude under conditions different to those of the local neighbourhood. In an effort to understand the influence of changing environmental conditions on the conversion factor, we derive theoretical estimates of X for a wide range of physical parameters using a photon-dominated region (PDR) time-dependent chemical model, benchmarking key results against...

  18. Drag force acting on a neuromast in the fish lateral line trunk canal. II. Analytical modelling of parameter dependencies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Humphrey, Joseph A C

    2009-07-01

    In Part I of this two-part study, the coupled flows external and internal to the fish lateral line trunk canal were consecutively calculated by solving the Navier-Stokes (N-S) equations numerically in each domain. With the external flow known, the solution for the internal flow was obtained using a parallelepiped to simulate the neuromast cupula present between a pair of consecutive pores, allowing the calculation of the drag force acting on the neuromast cupula. While physically rigorous and accurate, the numerical approach is tedious and inefficient since it does not readily reveal the parameter dependencies of the drag force. In Part II of this work we present an analytically based physical-mathematical model for rapidly calculating the drag force acting on a neuromast cupula. The cupula is well approximated as an immobile sphere located inside a tube-shaped canal segment of circular cross section containing a constant property fluid in a steady-periodic oscillating state of motion. The analytical expression derived for the dimensionless drag force is of the form |F(N)/(|P(L) - P(R)|pi(D/2)(2) = f(d/D, L(t)/D, omega(*)(D), where |F(N)| is the amplitude of the drag force; |P(L)-P(R)| is the amplitude of the pressure difference driving the flow in the interpore tube segment; d/D is the ratio of sphere diameter to tube diameter; L(t)/D is the ratio of interpore tube segment length to tube diameter; and omega(*)(D) = omega(D/2)(2) /v is the oscillating flow kinetic Reynolds number (a dimensionless frequency). Present results show that the dimensionless drag force amplitude increases with decreasing L(t)/D and maximizes in the range 0.65< or =d/D< or =0.85, depending on the values of L(t)/D and omega(*)(D). It is also found that in the biologically relevant range of dimensionless frequencies 1< or = omega(*)(D) < or =20 and segment lengths 4< or =L(t)/D< or =16, the sphere tube (neuromast-canal) system acts as a low-pass filter for values d/D< or =0.75, approximately

  19. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Jarvis Island, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 01-05 April 2010, line...

  20. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Tutuila, American Samoa in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  1. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Pearl & Hermes, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  2. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Howland, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  3. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Rose, American Samoa in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  4. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Alamagan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  5. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Saipan Island, Marianas Archipelago in 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 12 - 22 May 2007, line...

  6. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Wake, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  7. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Palmyra Atoll, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 07-13 April 2010, line...

  8. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Molokai, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  9. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Kingman, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  10. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Tutuila Island, American Samoa in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 17-28 February, line...

  11. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Rose Atoll, American Samoa in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 3-5 March 2010, line...

  12. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Aguijan Island, Marianas Archipelago in 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 12 - 22 May 2007, line...

  13. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Rota, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  14. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Swains, American Samoa in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  15. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Saipan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  16. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Tau, American Samoa in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  17. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Lanai, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  18. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Agrihan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  19. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Jarvis, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  20. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Oahu, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  1. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Lisianski, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  2. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Johnston, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2012

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  3. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at French Frigate, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  4. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Niihau, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  5. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Sarigan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  6. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Maui, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  7. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Hawaii, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  8. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Maug, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  9. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Kure, Northwestern Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  10. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Guam, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  11. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Kingman Reef, Pacific Remote Island Areas in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 14-19 April 2010, line...

  12. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Guam Island, Marianas Archipelago in 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 12 - 22 May 2007, line...

  13. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Asuncion, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  14. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Aguijan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  15. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Farallon de Pajaros, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  16. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Tinian, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  17. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Pagan, Marianas in 2011

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  18. CRED Rapid Ecological Assessment Line Point Intercept Survey of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Kauai, Main Hawaiian Islands in 2010

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — Line point intercept (LPI) surveys and benthic composition assessments were conducted during Rapid Ecological Assessments (REA) as part of the Pacific Reef...

  19. CRED REA Line Point Intercept Surveys of Benthic Parameter Assessments at Tinian Island, Marianas Archipelago in 2007

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, Department of Commerce — To support a long-term NOAA Coral Reef Conservation Program (CRCP) for sustainable management and conservation of coral reef ecosystems, from 12 - 22 May 2007, line...

  20. Corrigendum to "Line shape parameters measurement and computations for self-broadened carbon dioxide transitions in the 30012 ← 00001 and 30013 ← 00001 bands, line mixing, and speed dependence" [J. Mol. Spectrosc. 245 (2007) 34-51

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predoi-Cross, A.; Unni, A. V.; Liu, W.; Schofield, I.; Holladay, C.; McKellar, A. R. W.; Hurtmans, D.

    2016-04-01

    The authors have been notified that there may be errors in the spectroscopic analysis presented in this published article. While the authors are re-analysing the spectra in a different approach, we would like to ask the readers to ignore the discussion of line parameters other than line positions. We would like to assure the readers that we are preparing follow-up manuscripts where we will compare our new results with those published earlier. These manuscripts will be submitted for publication in the same journal.

  1. QTLs for murine red blood cell parameters in LG/J and SM/J F(2) and advanced intercross lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bartnikas, Thomas B; Parker, Clarissa C; Cheng, Riyan; Campagna, Dean R; Lim, Jackie E; Palmer, Abraham A; Fleming, Mark D

    2012-06-01

    Red blood cells are essential for oxygen transport and other physiologic processes. Red cell characteristics are typically determined by complete blood counts which measure parameters such as hemoglobin levels and mean corpuscular volumes; these parameters reflect the quality and quantity of red cells in the circulation at any particular moment. To identify the genetic determinants of red cell parameters, we performed genome-wide association analysis on LG/J×SM/J F2 and F34 advanced intercross lines using single nucleotide polymorphism genotyping and a novel algorithm for mapping in the combined populations. We identified significant quantitative trait loci for red cell parameters on chromosomes 6, 7, 8, 10, 12, and 17; our use of advanced intercross lines reduced the quantitative trait loci interval width from 1.6- to 9.4-fold. Using the genomic sequences of LG/J and SM/J mice, we identified nonsynonymous coding single nucleotide polymorphisms in candidate genes residing within quantitative trait loci and performed sequence alignments and molecular modeling to gauge the potential impact of amino acid substitutions. These results should aid in the identification of genes critical for red cell physiology and metabolism and demonstrate the utility of advanced intercross lines in uncovering genetic determinants of inherited traits.

  2. Relation of early tumor shrinkage (ETS) observed in first-line treatment to efficacy parameters of subsequent treatment in FIRE-3 (AIOKRK0306).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Modest, Dominik P; Stintzing, Sebastian; Fischer von Weikersthal, Ludwig; Decker, Thomas; Kiani, Alexander; Vehling-Kaiser, Ursula; Al-Batran, Salah-Eddin; Heintges, Tobias; Lerchenmüller, Christian; Kahl, Christoph; Seipelt, Gernot; Kullmann, Frank; Scheithauer, Werner; Kirchner, Thomas; Jung, Andreas; Stauch, Martina; von Einem, Jobst Christian; Moehler, Markus; Held, Swantje; Heinemann, Volker

    2017-04-15

    We explored the association of early tumor shrinkage (ETS) and non-ETS with efficacy of first-line and consecutive second-line treatment in patients with KRAS wild-type metastatic colorectal cancer treated in FIRE-3. Assessment of tumor shrinkage was based on the sum of longest diameters of target lesions, evaluated after 6 weeks of treatment. Shrinkage was classified as ETS (shrinkage by ≥ 20%), mETS (shrinkage by 0 to 0 to ETS patients, while non-ETS was associated with less favorable outcome (mETS 24.0 (95% CI 21.2-26.9) months, mPD 19.0 (95% CI 13.0-25.0) months, PD 12.8 (95% CI 11.1-14.5) months). Differences in PFS of first-line therapy were less pronounced. ETS subgroups defined in first-line therapy also correlated with efficacy of second-line therapy. Progression-free survival in second-line (PFS2nd) was 6.5 months (5.8-7.2) for ETS, and was 5.6 (95% CI 4.7-6.5) months for mETS, 4.9 (95% CI 3.7-6.1) months for mPD and 3.3 (95% CI 2.3-4.3) months for PD. PFS of first-line and PFS2nd showed a linear correlation (Bravais-Pearson coefficient: 0.16, p = 0.006). While ETS is associated with the most favorable outcome, non-ETS represents a heterogeneous subgroup with distinct characteristics of less favorable initial tumor response to treatment. This is the first analysis to demonstrate that early tumor response observed during first-line FOLFIRI-based therapy may also relate to efficacy of second-line treatment. Early response parameters may serve as stratification factors in trials recruiting pretreated patients. © 2016 UICC.

  3. Changes in microstructural parameters of NB4D2 silk fibres due to electron irradiation: X-ray line profile analysis

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Sangappa; S Asha; P Parameswara; R Somashekar

    2011-12-01

    The present study is concerned with changes of microcrystalline parameters in NB4D2 (Bombyx mori) silk fibres, due to electron irradiation. The irradiation process was performed in air at room temperature using 8 MeV electron beam at different dose rates: 0, 25, 50 and 75 kGy, respectively. X-ray recording of these irradiated samples and the line profile analysis were carried out. The crystal imperfection parameters such as crystallite size $\\langle N \\rangle$, lattice strain (g in %) and surface weighted crystallite size ($D_{s}$) were computed and compared with other physical parameters in order to asertain the changes that have crept into these irradiated fibres. Exponential, lognormal and Reinhold functions for the column length distributions have been used for the determination of these parameters.

  4. Determination of Bingham Rheological Parameters of SCC using On-line Video Image Analysis of Automatic Slump Flow Testing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Thrane, Lars Nyholm; Pade, Claus

    2005-01-01

    A “touch one bottom” prototype system for estimation of Bingham rheological parameters of SCC has been developed. Video image analysis is used to obtain a series of corresponding values of concrete spread versus time during an automatic slump flow test. The spread versus time curve is subsequentl...... used to estimate the Bingham rheological parameters by a least square search into a database. It takes less than 120 seconds from the start of the slump flow test to the SCC’s Bingham rheological parameters appear on the system’s PC....

  5. Evaluation of the Trajectory Sensitivity Analysis of the DFIG Control Parameters in Response to Changes in Wind Speed and the Line Impedance Connection to the Grid DFIG

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehdi Fooladgar

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Economic and environmental conditions often make large stations and transmission lines, restrictions are placed. Small and medium-sized production units connected to existing systems as a strategy is in progress. These units are usually near the center of the load placed and distributed generators (DG famous are the DG are allowed types vary, such as induction generators rack squirrel-connected wind turbines, generators fed induction double mounted wind turbines, fuel cells connected to the system by power electronic converters or synchronous generator connected to the turbine combustion [10]. This way sensitivity analysis in systems of distributed generation (DG is assessed. It is shown that the method can detect the effect of control parameters listed wind turbine connected to a double-fed induction generator (DFIG Badoou the impedance of the changing the speed of on the stability of the transmission line useful system invested. The control parameters of the importance of influencing the behavior of DFIG are divided.

  6. Assessment of metabolic properties and kinetic parameters of methanogenic sludge by on-line methane production rate measurements

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Gonzalez-Gil, G.; Kleerebezem, R.; Lettinga, G.

    2002-01-01

    This report presents a new approach to studying the metabolic and kinetic properties of anaerobic sludge from single batch experiments. The two main features of the method are that the methane production is measured on-line with a relatively cheap system, and that the methane production data can be

  7. Genetic parameters and trends of meat quality, carcass composition and performance traits in two selected lines of large white pigs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sonesson, A.K.; Greef, de K.H.; Meuwissen, T.H.E.

    1998-01-01

    Meat quality, carcass composition and performance traits were measured in two selection lines selected for either low backfat thickness (BF) at a fixed live weight or high live weight (WEIGHT) at a fixed age. The performance traits were measured on 3966 to 3985, carcass composition trait on 278 and

  8. On-line acquisition of plant related and environmental parameters (plant monitoring) in gerbera: determining plant responses

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Baas, R.; Slootweg, G.

    2004-01-01

    For on-line plant monitoring equipment to be functional in commercial glasshouse horticulture, relations between sensor readings and plant responses on both the short (days) and long term (weeks) are required. For this reason, systems were installed to monitor rockwool grown gerbera plants on a

  9. Sleep parameters, functional status and time post-stroke are associated with off-line motor skill learning in people with chronic stroke

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine eSiengsukon

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: Mounting evidence demonstrates that individuals with stroke benefit from sleep to enhance learning of a motor task. While stage NREM2 sleep and REM sleep have been associated with off-line motor skill learning in neurologically-intact individuals, it remains unknown which sleep parameters or specific sleep stages are associated with off-line motor skill learning in individuals with stroke. Methods: Twenty individuals with chronic stroke (> 6 months following stroke and 10 neurologically slept for three consecutive nights in a sleep laboratory with polysomnography. Participants practiced a tracking task the morning before the third night and underwent a retention test the morning following the third night. Off-line learning on the tracking task was assessed. Pearson’s correlations assessed for associations between the magnitude of off-line learning and sleep variables, age, upper extremity motor function, stroke severity, depression and time since stroke occurrence.Results: Individuals with stroke performed with significantly less error on the tracking task following a night of sleep (p=.006 while the control participants did not (p=.816. Increased sleep efficiency (r= -.285, less time spent in stage NREM3 sleep (r=.260, and more time spent in stage REM sleep (r= -.266 was weakly-to-moderately associated with increased magnitude of off-line motor learning. Furthermore, higher upper-extremity motor function (r = -.400, lower stroke severity (r = .360, and less time since stroke occurrence (r=.311 were moderately associated with increased magnitude of off-line motor learning. Conclusion: This study is the first study to provide insight into which sleep stages and individual characteristics may be associated with off-line learning in people with stroke. Future work should continue to understand which factors or combination of factors promote off-line motor learning in people with neurologic injury to best promote motor recovery in

  10. Ultra-metal-poor Stars: Spectroscopic Determination of Stellar Atmospheric Parameters Using Iron Non-LTE Line Abundances

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ezzeddine, Rana; Frebel, Anna; Plez, Bertrand

    2017-10-01

    We present new ultra-metal-poor stars parameters with [Fe/H] up-to-date iron model atom with a new recipe for non-elastic hydrogen collision rates. We study the departures from LTE in their atmospheric parameters and show that they can grow up to ∼1.00 dex in [Fe/H], ∼150 K in {T}{eff} and ∼0.5 dex in log g toward the lowest metallicities. Accurate NLTE atmospheric stellar parameters, in particular [Fe/H] being significantly higher, are the first step to eventually providing full NLTE abundance patterns that can be compared with Population III supernova nucleosynthesis yields to derive properties of the first stars. Overall, this maximizes the potential of these likely second-generation stars to investigate the early universe and how the chemical elements were formed.

  11. Genetic parameters and selection for resistance to bacterial spot in recombinant F6 lines of Capsicum annuum

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Messias Gonzaga Pereira

    2009-01-01

    Full Text Available This study aimed to advance generations and select superior sweet pepper genotypes with resistance tobacterial spot, using the breeding method Single Seed Descent (SSD based on the segregating population derived from thecross between Capsicum annuum L. UENF 1421 (susceptible, non-pungent and UENF 1381 (resistant, pungent. Thesegregating F3 generation was grown in pots in a greenhouse until the F5 generation. The F6 generation was grown in fieldconditions. The reaction to bacterial spot was evaluated by inoculation with isolate ENA 4135 of Xanthomonas campestris pv.vesicatoria, based on a score scale and by calculating the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC. The presence orabsence of capsaicin was also assessed. Eighteen F6 lines were bacterial leaf spot-resistant. Since no capsaicin was detectedin the F6 lines 032, 316, 399, 434, and 517, these will be used in the next steps of the sweet pepper breeding program.

  12. Case-based reactive navigation: a method for on-line selection and adaptation of reactive robotic control parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ram, A; Arkin, R C; Moorman, K; Clark, R J

    1997-01-01

    We present a new line of research investigating on-line adaptive reactive control mechanisms for autonomous intelligent agents. We discuss a case-based method for dynamic selection and modification of behavior assemblages for a navigational system. The case-based reasoning module is designed as an addition to a traditional reactive control system, and provides more flexible performance in novel environments without extensive high level reasoning that would otherwise slow the system down. The method is implemented in the ACBARR (case-based reactive robotic) system and evaluated through empirical simulation of the system on several different environments, including "box canyon" environments known to be problematic for reactive control systems in general.

  13. Analysis of a Kalman filter based method for on-line estimation of atmospheric dispersion parameters using radiation monitoring data

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Drews, Martin; Lauritzen, Bent; Madsen, Henrik

    2005-01-01

    parameters, and the observables are linked to the state variables through a static measurement equation. The method is analysed for three simple state space models using experimental data obtained at a nuclear research reactor. Compared to direct measurements of the atmospheric dispersion, the Kalman filter...... estimates are found to agree well with the measured parameters, provided that the radiation measurements are spread out in the cross-wind direction. For less optimal detector placement it proves difficult to distinguish variations in the source term and plume height; yet the Kalman filter yields consistent...... scheme are outlined, to account for realistic accident scenarios....

  14. [Research on quality parameters of scutellariae radix (formula particles) using on-line NIR in pilot with different extraction process].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Li, Yang; Wu, Zhi-Sheng; Shi, Xin-Yuan; Pan, Xiao-Ning; Zhang, Qiao; Qiao, Yan-Jiang

    2014-10-01

    The on-line monitor for the changes in the content of baicalin in Scutellariae Radix formula particles during the extraction process was conducted by using near infrared spectroscopy (NIR). High performance liquid chromatography (HPLC) was used as a reference method. Kennard-Stone (KS) was used to divide sample sets, so as to compare different pretreatment methods. The synergy interval partial least squares (SiPLS) was used to screen out modeling wave band to establish partial least-squares models. The relative error method was applied to predict forecast set samples of Scutellariae Radix in three extraction phases. The results showed that the model established by Savitzky-Golay smoothing with 11 points (SG11 points) was the best, with the root mean square with cross validation (RMSECV), root mean square error of correction (RMSEC) and root mean square error of prediction (RMSEP) of baicalin of 0.092 7, 0.134 4 and 0.114 8, respectively, the determination coefficient R2 of greater than 0.99, and the relative error of baicalin content of less than 5%. This indicates that the on-line near infrared reflectance spectroscopy could be applied in on-line monitor and quality control of the extraction process of Scutellariae Radix formula particles.

  15. Temperature dependences of self- and N2-broadened line-shape parameters in the ν3 and ν5 bands of 12CH3D: Measurements and calculations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Predoi-Cross, A.; Malathy Devi, V.; Sutradhar, P.; Sinyakova, T.; Buldyreva, J.; Sung, K.; Smith, M. A. H.; Mantz, A. W.

    2016-07-01

    This paper presents the results of a spectroscopic line shape study of self- and nitrogen-broadened 12CH3D transitions in the ν3 and ν5 bands in the Triad region. We combined five pure gas spectra with eighteen spectra of lean mixtures of 12CH3D and nitrogen, all recorded with a Bruker IFS-125 HR Fourier transform spectrometer. The spectra have been analyzed simultaneously using a multispectrum nonlinear least squares fitting technique. N2-broadened line parameters for 184 transitions in the ν3 band and 205 transitions in the ν5 band were measured. In addition, line positions and line intensities were measured for 168 transitions in the ν3 band and 214 transitions in the ν5 band. We have observed 10 instances of weak line mixing corresponding to K″=3 A1 or A2 transitions. Comparisons were made for the N2-broadening coefficients and associated temperature exponents with corresponding values calculated using a semi-classical Robert Bonamy type formalism that involved an inter-molecular potential with terms corresponding to short- and long-range interactions, and exact classical molecular trajectories. The theoretical N2-broadened coefficients are overestimated for high J values, but are in good agreement with the experimental values for small and middle range J values.

  16. Influence of the operating parameters and of the sample introduction system on time correlation of line intensities using an axially viewed CCD-based ICP-AES system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Grotti, Marco, E-mail: grotti@chimica.unige.i [Dipartimento di Chimica e Chimica Industriale, Via Dodecaneso 31, 16146 Genova (Italy); Todoli, Jose Luis [Departamento de Quimica Analitica, Nutricion y Bromatologia, Universidad de Alicante, 03080, Alicante (Spain); Mermet, Jean Michel [Spectroscopy Forever, 01390 Tramoyes (France)

    2010-02-15

    The influence of the acquisition and operating parameters on time correlation between emission line intensities was investigated using axially viewed inductively coupled plasma-multichannel-based emission spectrometry and various sample introduction systems. It was found that to obtain flicker-noise limited signals, necessary to compensate for time-correlated signal fluctuations by internal standardization, the flicker-noise magnitude of the sample introduction system, the integration time and the emission line intensity had to be considered. The highest correlation between lines was observed for ultrasonic nebulization with desolvatation, the noisiest system among those considered, for which the contribution of the uncorrelated shot-noise was negligible. In contrast, for sample introduction systems characterized by lower flicker-noise levels, shot-noise led to high, non-correlated RSD values, making the internal standard method to be much less efficient. To minimize shot-noise, time correlation was improved by increasing the emission line intensities and the integration time. Improvement in repeatability did not depend only on time correlation, but also on the ratio between the relative standard deviations of the analytical and reference lines. The best signal compensation was obtained when RSD values of the reference and analytical lines were similar, which is usually obtained when the system is flicker-noise limited, while departure from similarity can lead to a degradation of repeatability when using the internal standard method. Moreover, the use of so-called robust plasma conditions, i.e. a high power (1500 W) along with a low carrier gas flow rate (0.8 L/min) improved also the compensation. Finally, high correlation and consequent improvement in repeatability by internal standardization was observed also in the presence of complex matrices (sediment and soil samples), although a matrix-induced degradation of the correlation between lines was generally

  17. Genetic parameters of feeding behavior traits and their relationship with live performance traits in modern broiler lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Howie, J A; Avendano, S; Tolkamp, B J; Kyriazakis, I

    2011-06-01

    Current selection goals in broiler breeding focus on the improvement of live performance traits, such as feed intake, BW, and feed conversion ratio (FCR). The use of electronic feeders allows measurement of feed intake of individuals housed in groups as well as the identification of different feeding behaviors. Feed intake can thus be split into underlying feeding behavior traits, allowing the estimation of genetic correlations and assessment of the genetic consequences of selecting for performance traits on feeding behavior traits. To investigate the genetic relationships between performance traits and feeding behavior, data of visits to feeders by birds from 4 lines of broilers that differed in selection focus on growth and FCR were analyzed. Visits were recorded electronically and grouped into meals using an existing model for estimating meal criteria. Mean individual feeding behavior traits were then calculated across the entire test period (2 to 5 wk of age). Records were available for between 14,000 and 18,000 birds/line. Analyzed feeding behavior traits were meals per day, meal size, visits per meal, meal duration, nonfeeding time in meal, time feeding per day, proportion of meal spent feeding, feeding rate, and ADFI. Analyzed performance traits were 35-d BW, total feed intake over the entire test period, and FCR. All feeding behavior traits showed moderate to high heritabilities (0.24 to 0.57) but low genetic correlations with performance traits (-0.20 to 0.18), except for ADFI, which was moderately correlated with total intake on test (0.57) and highly correlated with FCR (0.91). The low genetic correlations indicate that the difference in selection intensity among lines for these performance traits has had limited effect on feeding behavior. Different feeding strategies that would result in favorable breeding values for FCR were identified, adding opportunities for further improvements in feed efficiency within and across environments.

  18. Genetic parameters and signatures of selection in two divergent laying hen lines selected for feather pecking behaviour.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grams, Vanessa; Wellmann, Robin; Preuß, Siegfried; Grashorn, Michael A; Kjaer, Jörgen B; Bessei, Werner; Bennewitz, Jörn

    2015-09-30

    Feather pecking (FP) in laying hens is a well-known and multi-factorial behaviour with a genetic background. In a selection experiment, two lines were developed for 11 generations for high (HFP) and low (LFP) feather pecking, respectively. Starting with the second generation of selection, there was a constant difference in mean number of FP bouts between both lines. We used the data from this experiment to perform a quantitative genetic analysis and to map selection signatures. Pedigree and phenotypic data were available for the last six generations of both lines. Univariate quantitative genetic analyses were conducted using mixed linear and generalized mixed linear models assuming a Poisson distribution. Selection signatures were mapped using 33,228 single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) genotyped on 41 HFP and 34 LFP individuals of generation 11. For each SNP, we estimated Wright's fixation index (FST). We tested the null hypothesis that FST is driven purely by genetic drift against the alternative hypothesis that it is driven by genetic drift and selection. The mixed linear model failed to analyze the LFP data because of the large number of 0s in the observation vector. The Poisson model fitted the data well and revealed a small but continuous genetic trend in both lines. Most of the 17 genome-wide significant SNPs were located on chromosomes 3 and 4. Thirteen clusters with at least two significant SNPs within an interval of 3 Mb maximum were identified. Two clusters were mapped on chromosomes 3, 4, 8 and 19. Of the 17 genome-wide significant SNPs, 12 were located within the identified clusters. This indicates a non-random distribution of significant SNPs and points to the presence of selection sweeps. Data on FP should be analysed using generalised linear mixed models assuming a Poisson distribution, especially if the number of FP bouts is small and the distribution is heavily peaked at 0. The FST-based approach was suitable to map selection signatures that

  19. Optical parameters measurement for diagnostic and photodynamic therapy of human cervical adenocarcinoma (HeLa) cell line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rehman, A.; Firdous, S.; Nawaz, M.; Ahmad, M.

    2011-11-01

    The purpose of this study was to investigate the optical properties, absorption coefficient (μ a ) scattering coefficient (μ s ) and refractive indices, (n) of HeLa cell line in a suspension of 2% minimum essential medium (MEM) at two different (632.8 and 532.0 nm) wave lengths of laser light. Optical properties were determined with Kubelka Munk Model (KMM) and refractive index measurement was made through minimum angle of deviation method (MAD). We reported μ a = 8.643 ± 0.187 and 2.348 ± 0.249 cm-1 and μ s = 5.609 ± 0.287 and 88.166 ± 2.833 cm-1 at 632.8 and 532.0 nm, respectively. Refractive index was found to be 1.332 and 1.312 at 632.8 nm and 532.0 nm, respectively. The discussed results provide a route of information for clinical diagnosis, therapeutic application and dosimetry studies in HeLa and other cell lines.

  20. MIPAS database: new HNO3 line parameters at 7.6 μm validated with MIPAS satellite measurements

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Perrin

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available Improved line positions and intensities have been generated for the 7.6 μm spectral region of nitric acid. They were obtained relying on a recent reinvestigation of the nitric acid band system at 7.6 μm and comparisons of HNO3 volume mixing ratio profiles retrieved from the "Michelson Interferometer for Passive Atmospheric Sounding" (MIPAS limb emission radiances in the 11 and 7.6 μm domains. This has led to an improved database called "MIPAS-2015". Comparisons with available laboratory information (individual line intensities, integrated absorption cross sections, and absorption cross sections show that MIPAS-2015 provides an improved description of the 7.6 μm region of nitric acid. This study should help to improve HNO3 satellite retrievals by allowing measurements to be performed simultaneously in the 11 and 7.6 μm micro-windows. In particular, it should be useful to analyze existing MIPAS and IASI spectra as well as spectra to be recorded by the forthcoming "Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer – New Generation" (IASI-NG instrument.

  1. Calculating 14N16O2 spectral line parameters in an infrared range: A comparison of "global" and "local" effective operator methods

    Science.gov (United States)

    Voitsekhovskaya, O. K.; Egorov, O. V.; Kashirskii, D. E.

    2016-08-01

    Nitrogen dioxide, 14N16O2, line positions and intensities calculated by us based on a "local" effective operator method are compared to the recent results of the "global" calculation. The comparison was made for theoretical absorption coefficients in the spectral range of 600-3700 cm- 1 using the measured data taken from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory. In order to conduct the calculations, empirical parameters of the effective rotational Hamiltonian of the twenty-one vibrational states were applied from the most recent experimental works. The second order parameters of the dipole moment function of 14N16O2 were determined for the first time. The "local" line list in this research consists of one hundred and four bands and includes the line intensities of the v1 + v2 + v3 band of 14N16O2 that have not yet been investigated in the literature. Among these bands, only eleven bands are included in HITRAN2012. The reasons behind the disagreements between the theoretical and measured absorption coefficients of 14N16O2 are discussed.

  2. Vibration suppression of robot arm feedforward control with on-line parameter identification; Online kansei dotei ni yoru robot arm no feedforward shindo yokusei seigyo

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Iwasaki, M.; Kuze, Y.; Otsuka, K.; Matsui, N. [Nagoya Institute of Technology, Nagoya (Japan)

    1997-12-20

    Generally, robot arms with flexible joints are multi-mass resonant systems, thus causing mechanical vibration. Since the vibration deteriorates the arm position control accuracy, the vibration suppression is indispensable to achieve the high performance arm motion. The authors have already proposed a feedforward vibration suppression scheme using an optimal control command shaping. The scheme is suitable for practical industrial use because of its simple control algorithm, however, there still remains a problem inherent in feedforward techniques that parameter setting errors in controller have significant effects on the suppression control accuracy. This paper presents an adaptive feedforward control of the vibration suppression with on-line mechanical parameter identifier, based on the proposed command shaping. In this scheme, the on-line identification of arm inertia using a method of least squares is performed during acceleration in arm motion. The identified parameter is used during deceleration to suppress the residual vibration. Experimental results using a prototype show the effectiveness of the proposed control. 9 refs., 10 figs., 2 tabs.

  3. Diagnostics of the plasma parameters based on the K X-ray line positions for various 4d and 4f metals

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Szymańska Ewa

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper shows the theoretical predictions of the outer-shell ionization effect on the positions of Kα1,2, Kβ1,3, and K β2 X-ray lines for some 4d-transition metals (molybdenum and palladium and 4f rare-earth elements (dysprosium and ytterbium. The ionization energy shifts have been evaluated using the multiconfiguration Dirac-Fock method, containing Breit interaction and quantum electrodynamic (QED corrections. The presented results are important for obtaining the information about some parameters of plasma generated by different sources, especially by pulsed power machine and short-pulse lasers.

  4. Effect of the initial plasma parameters on the structure of the current sheets developing in two-dimensional magnetic fields with a null line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ostrovskaya, G. V.; Frank, A. G.; Bogdanov, S. Yu.

    2010-07-01

    The effect of the initial plasma parameters on the structure of the plasma of the current sheets that form in two-dimensional magnetic fields with a null line is studied by holographic interferometry. The evolution of the plasma sheets that develop in an initial low-density plasma, where a gas is mainly ionized by a pulse current passing through the plasma and initiating the formation of a current sheet, has been comprehensively studied for the first time. At the early stage of evolution, the spatial structure of such a plasma sheet differs substantially from the classic current sheets forming in a dense plasma. Nevertheless, extended plasma sheets with similar parameters form eventually irrespective of the initial plasma density.

  5. Self-tuning wireless power transmission scheme based on on-line scattering parameters measurement and two-side power matching.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Yanting; Yang, Yongmin; Chen, Zhongsheng

    2014-04-10

    Sub-resonances often happen in wireless power transmission (WPT) systems using coupled magnetic resonances (CMR) due to environmental changes, coil movements or component degradations, which is a serious challenge for high efficiency power transmission. Thus self-tuning is very significant to keep WPT systems following strongly magnetic resonant conditions in practice. Traditional coupled-mode ways is difficult to solve this problem. In this paper a two-port power wave model is presented, where power matching and the overall systemic power transmission efficiency are firstly defined by scattering (S) parameters. Then we propose a novel self-tuning scheme based on on-line S parameters measurements and two-side power matching. Experimental results testify the feasibility of the proposed method. These findings suggest that the proposed method is much potential to develop strongly self-adaptive WPT systems with CMR.

  6. Physical parameters for Orion KL from modelling its ISO high resolution far-IR CO line spectrum

    CERN Document Server

    Lerate, M R; Viti, S; Barlow, M J; Swinyard, B M; White, G J; Cernicharo, J; Goicoechea, J R

    2008-01-01

    As part of the first high resolution far-IR spectral survey of the Orion KL region (Lerate et al. 2006), we observed 20 CO emission lines with Jup=16 to Jup=39 (upper levels from approx 752 K to 4294 K above the ground state). Observations were taken using the Long Wavelength Spectrometer (LWS) on board the Infrared Space Observatory (ISO), in its high resolution Fabry-Perot (FP) mode (approx 33 km s$^{-1}$). We present here an analysis of the final calibrated CO data, performed with a more sophisticated modelling technique than hitherto, including a detailed analysis of the chemistry, and discuss similarities and differences with previous results. The inclusion of chemical modelling implies that atomic and molecular abundances are time-predicted by the chemistry. This provides one of the main differences with previous studies in which chemical abundances needed to be assumed as initial condition. The chemistry of the region is studied by simulating the conditions of the different known components of the KL r...

  7. Sensor Fusion Based on an Integrated Neural Network and Probability Density Function (PDF) Dual Kalman Filter for On-Line Estimation of Vehicle Parameters and States.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vargas-Melendez, Leandro; Boada, Beatriz L; Boada, Maria Jesus L; Gauchia, Antonio; Diaz, Vicente

    2017-04-29

    Vehicles with a high center of gravity (COG), such as light trucks and heavy vehicles, are prone to rollover. This kind of accident causes nearly 33 % of all deaths from passenger vehicle crashes. Nowadays, these vehicles are incorporating roll stability control (RSC) systems to improve their safety. Most of the RSC systems require the vehicle roll angle as a known input variable to predict the lateral load transfer. The vehicle roll angle can be directly measured by a dual antenna global positioning system (GPS), but it is expensive. For this reason, it is important to estimate the vehicle roll angle from sensors installed onboard in current vehicles. On the other hand, the knowledge of the vehicle's parameters values is essential to obtain an accurate vehicle response. Some of vehicle parameters cannot be easily obtained and they can vary over time. In this paper, an algorithm for the simultaneous on-line estimation of vehicle's roll angle and parameters is proposed. This algorithm uses a probability density function (PDF)-based truncation method in combination with a dual Kalman filter (DKF), to guarantee that both vehicle's states and parameters are within bounds that have a physical meaning, using the information obtained from sensors mounted on vehicles. Experimental results show the effectiveness of the proposed algorithm.

  8. The effect of on-line hemodiafiltration on improving the cardiovascular function parameters in children on regular dialysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fatina I Fadel

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available The cardiovascular disease is an important cause of morbidity and accounts for almost 50% of deaths in patients undergoing maintenance dialysis. Many harmful molecules of the uremic milieu, such as the middle molecules, are difficult to remove by conventional hemodialysis (HD. On-line hemodiafiltration (OL-HDF can achieve a considerable clearance of middle molecules and, together with its sterile ultrapure infusate, may have favorable effects on inflammation and cardiovascular complications. We aimed in this study to assess the effect of OL-HDF on improving the chronic inflammatory state associated with chronic kidney disease and the possible impact of these changes on myocardial function in chronic HD children. Thirty pediatric patients [12 (40% males and 18 (60% females with a mean age of 11.3 ± 3.2 years] on conventional HD for at least six months were switched to OL-HDF for six months. Variables for comparison at the end of each period included the levels of serum C-reactive protein and Kt/V as well as electrocardiography and echocardiographic measurements, including left ventricular mass index (LVMI. On changing from HD to OL-HDF, there was a significant decrease in hs-CRP (from 7.9 ± 8.9 to 3.4 ± 3 μ g/mL (P = 0.01 and frequency of diastolic dysfunction (P = 0.04, while systolic function (FS and EF improved significantly (P = 0.007 and 0.05, respectively, while LVMI did not change. We conclude that OL-HDF was well tolerated in children with improvement of the systolic function of the myocardium and the overall frequency of diastolic dysfunction.

  9. Measuring the Kerr spin parameter of a non-Kerr compact object with the continuum-fitting and the iron line methods

    CERN Document Server

    Bambi, Cosimo

    2013-01-01

    Under the assumption that astrophysical black hole candidates are the Kerr black holes of general relativity, the continuum-fitting method and the analysis of the K$\\alpha$ iron line are today the only available techniques capable of providing a relatively reliable estimate of the spin parameter of these objects. If we relax the Kerr black hole hypothesis and we try to test the nature of black hole candidates, we find that there is a strong correlation between the measurement of the spin and possible deviations from the Kerr solution. The properties of the radiation emitted in a Kerr spacetime with spin parameter $a_*$ are indeed very similar, and practically indistinguishable, from the ones of the radiation emitted around a non-Kerr object with different spin. In this paper, I address the question whether measuring the Kerr spin with both the continuum-fitting method and the K$\\alpha$ iron line analysis of the same object can be used to claim the Kerr nature of the black hole candidate in the case of consist...

  10. Estimation of the oceanic pCO2 in the North Atlantic from VOS lines in-situ measurements: parameters needed to generate seasonally mean maps

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    C. Moulin

    2007-11-01

    Full Text Available Automated instruments on board Volunteer Observing Ships (VOS have provided high-frequency pCO2 measurements over basin-wide regions for a decade or so. In order to estimate regional air-sea CO2 fluxes, it is necessary to interpolate between in-situ measurements to obtain maps of the marine pCO2. Such an interpolation remains, however, a difficult task because VOS lines are too distant from each other to capture the high pCO2 variability. Relevant physical parameters available at large scale are thus necessary to serve as a guide to estimate the pCO2 values between the VOS lines. Satellites do not measure pCO2 but they give access to parameters related to the processes that control its variability, such as sea surface temperature (SST. In this paper we developed a method to compute pCO2 maps using satellite data (SST and CHL, the chlorophyll concentration, combined with a climatology of the mixed-layer depth (MLD. Using 15 401 measurements of surface pCO2 acquired in the North Atlantic between UK and Jamaica, between June 1994 and August 1995, we show that the parameterization of pCO2 as a function of SST, CHL and MLD yields more realistic pCO2 values than parameterizations that have been widely used in the past, based on SST, latitude, longitude or SST only. This parameterization was then used to generate seasonal maps of pCO2 over the North Atlantic. Results show that our approach yields the best marine pCO2 estimates, both in terms of absolute accuracy, when compared with an independent data set, and of geographical patterns, when compared to the climatology of Takahashi et al. (2002. This suggests that monitoring the seasonal variability of pCO2 over basin-wide regions is possible, provided that sufficient VOS lines are available.

  11. DISTANCE ESTIMATION TO THE INTERPHASE-FAULT LOCATION IN THE DISTRIBUTIVE AIR-LINE GRIDS BASED ON ANALYSIS OF THE HARMONIC COMPONENT PARAMETERS OF THE OPERATING EMERGENCY CONDITIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. V. Kalentionok

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Most techniques of the fault location based on the one-side measurement of the emergency mode characteristics use the short-circuit steady-regime parameters in the fundamental mode frequency. This approach compels to seek additional devices for tuning out the loadings of transformer-substations. Besides, it is susceptible to the nonlinearity effect of closed-circuit arc in the fault location which significantly reduces the accuracy of the remote location of the failure.For estimating the distance to the location of interphase failure on the aerial distributive transmission lines the article proposes a new technique employing the harmonic components of the operating emergency parameters. The algorithm of the present method realization includes: taking down oscillograms of the emergency-mode parameter values (e. g. in doublephase failure – the short-circuit current, the linear voltage between the faulty phases with necessary discretization interval; expansion of the operating emergency parameters in a Fourier series (realized with a quick Fourier expansion algorithm; estimating the distance to the fault location by the analytical expression; performing the statistical analysis of a row of distance values and finding the most probable distance to the fault location.For effectiveness investigation of the proposed method of trapping harmonic components the paper considers a 10 kV distributive electrical grid feeding nine transformer substations. The authors performed calculation of normal and emergency modes utilizing computer program MatLab in dynamic simulating environment Simulink. The arc is represented by a block describing the linearized dynamic volt-ampere characteristic of the arc. The built characteristic curves demonstrate dependence of the fault-location distance value from the frequency at which this value is obtained and the number if its reiterations. Based on the calculations, the authors establish that the accuracy of the distance

  12. Estimating Chlorophyll Fluorescence Parameters Using the Joint Fraunhofer Line Depth and Laser-Induced Saturation Pulse (FLD-LISP Method in Different Plant Species

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parinaz Rahimzadeh-Bajgiran

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available A comprehensive evaluation of the recently developed Fraunhofer line depth (FLD and laser-induced saturation pulse (FLD-LISP method was conducted to measure chlorophyll fluorescence (ChlF parameters of the quantum yield of photosystem II (ΦPSII, non-photochemical quenching (NPQ, and the photosystem II-based electron transport rate (ETR in three plant species including paprika (C3 plant, maize (C4 plant, and pachira (C3 plant. First, the relationships between photosynthetic photon flux density (PPFD and ChlF parameters retrieved using FLD-LISP and the pulse amplitude-modulated (PAM methods were analyzed for all three species. Then the relationships between ChlF parameters measured using FLD-LISP and PAM were evaluated for the plants in different growth stages of leaves from mature to aging conditions. The relationships of ChlF parameters/PPFD were similar in both FLD-LISP and PAM methods in all plant species. ΦPSII showed a linear relationship with PPFD in all three species whereas NPQ was found to be linearly related to PPFD in paprika and maize, but not for pachira. The ETR/PPFD relationship was nonlinear with increasing values observed for PPFDs lower than about 800 μmol m−2 s−1 for paprika, lower than about 1200 μmol m−2 s−1 for maize, and lower than about 800 μmol m−2 s−1 for pachira. The ΦPSII, NPQ, and ETR of both the FLD-LISP and PAM methods were very well correlated (R2 = 0.89, RMSE = 0.05, (R2 = 0.86, RMSE = 0.44, and (R2 = 0.88, RMSE = 24.69, respectively, for all plants. Therefore, the FLD-LISP method can be recommended as a robust technique for the estimation of ChlF parameters.

  13. 线结构光扫描测头结构参数优化设计%Structure Parameter Optimization of Line Structured Light Scanning Probe

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海燕; 于连栋; 郑文兴; 董钊

    2014-01-01

    线结构光扫描测头在逆向工程中应用广泛,其测量精度对3D 重建可靠性有重要影响。本文建立了基于光学三角法的线结构光扫描测头数学模型,由坐标转换和透视成像原理实现二维像素坐标与三维世界坐标间转换。分析了线结构光扫描测头结构参数对测量精度的影响,推导出测量误差模型。分析了漫反射光强度变化对结构参数的影响,结合实际设计需要给出边界约束条件,并仿真实现结构参数优化设计,误差低于0.02mm。%Line structured light scanning probe is widely used in reverse engineering,its measurement precision and reliability have an important influence on 3D reconstruction.This paper establishes mathematical model of line structured light scanning probe based on optical triangulation method.The transformation between imaging pixel coordinates and three-dimensional world coordinate is achieved by coordinate transformation and perspective imaging principle.The influence on measurement accuracy of structured light scanning probe structure parameters is analyzed and the measurement error model is derived.The effect of diffuse light intensity on structural parameters is analyzed and boundary conditions are de-termined by actual design needs.Simulation on optimization design of structural parameters displays an error less than 0. 02mm.

  14. Correlation between the sub-structure parameters and the manufacturing technologies of metal threads in historical textiles using X-ray line profile analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Csiszar, Gabor; Ungar, Tamas [Eoetvoes University Budapest, Department of Materials Physics, Budapest (Hungary); Jaro, Marta [Hungarian National Museum, Budapest (Hungary)

    2013-06-15

    Micro-structure can talk when documentation is missing. In ancient Roman or medieval periods, kings, queens, or just rich people decorated their clothes or even their horse covers richly with miniature jewels or metal threads. The origin or the fabrication techniques of these ancient threads is often unknown. Thirteen thread samples made of gold or gilt silver manufactured during the last sixteen hundred years are investigated for the micro-structure in terms of dislocation density, crystallite size, and planar defects. In a few cases, these features are compared with sub-structure of similar metallic threads prepared in modern, twentieth century workshops. The sub-structure is determined by X-ray line profile analysis, using high resolution diffractograms with negligible instrumental broadening. On the basis of the sub-structure parameters, we attempt to assess the metal-threads manufacturing procedures on samples stemming from the fourth century A.D. until now. (orig.)

  15. Correlation between the sub-structure parameters and the manufacturing technologies of metal threads in historical textiles using X-ray line profile analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Csiszár, Gábor; Ungár, Tamás; Járó, Márta

    2013-06-01

    Micro-structure can talk when documentation is missing. In ancient Roman or medieval periods, kings, queens, or just rich people decorated their clothes or even their horse covers richly with miniature jewels or metal threads. The origin or the fabrication techniques of these ancient threads is often unknown. Thirteen thread samples made of gold or gilt silver manufactured during the last sixteen hundred years are investigated for the micro-structure in terms of dislocation density, crystallite size, and planar defects. In a few cases, these features are compared with sub-structure of similar metallic threads prepared in modern, twentieth century workshops. The sub-structure is determined by X-ray line profile analysis, using high resolution diffractograms with negligible instrumental broadening. On the basis of the sub-structure parameters, we attempt to assess the metal-threads manufacturing procedures on samples stemming from the fourth century A.D. until now.

  16. Spectral Line Shape Parameters for the ν_1, ν_2, and ν_3 Bands of Hdo: Self and CO_2 Broadened

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devi, V. Malathy; Benner, D. Chris; Sung, Keeyoon; Crawford, Timothy J.; Gamache, Robert R.; Renaud, Candice L.; Mantz, Arlan; Smith, Mary Ann H.; Villanueva, Geronimo L.

    2016-06-01

    To provide precise information relevant to Martian atmospheric remote sensing, high resolution high signal-to-noise ratio spectra of HDO in mixture with CO_2 were recorded in the ν_1, ν_2, and ν_3 fundamental bands between 2.7 and 7 μm regions. The spectra were obtained with the Bruker IFS-125HR Fourier transform spectrometer at the Jet Propulsion Laboratory along with two specially built coolable absorption cells with path lengths of 0.2038 m and 20.941 m at various sample gas temperatures (˜220 - 296 K), total sample pressures and volume mixing ratios. A multispectrum nonlinear least squares technique was applied to fit simultaneously all the spectra obtained. The measured line parameters include accurate line positions, intensities, self- and CO_2-broadened Lorentz halfwidth and pressure-shift coefficients, and temperature dependences of CO_2 broadened HDO halfwidth and pressure-shift coefficients. Line mixing coefficients using the relaxation matrix formalism and quadratic speed dependence parameters were also measured where appropriate. Example results for select transitions in each band will be presented and comparisons made to other measured/calculated values. K. Sung, A.W. Mantz, M.A.H. Smith, L.R. Brown, T.J. Crawford, V.M. Devi, D.C. Benner. J. Mol. Spectrosc. 162 (2010) 124-134. A.W. Mantz, K. Sung, T.J. Crawford, L.R. Brown, M.A.H. Smith, V.M. Devi, D.C. Benner, J. Mol. Spectrosc. 304 (2014) 12-24. D.C. Benner, C.P. Rinsland, V. Malathy Devi, M.A. H. Smith, and D. Atkins. JQSRT 53 (1995) 705-721. Research described in this paper are performed at the College of William and Mary, Jet Propulsion Laboratory, California Institute of Technology, Connecticut College, and NASA Langley Research Center under contracts and cooperative agreements with the National Aeronautics and Space Administration. RRG and CLR were supported by the National Science Foundation through Grant # AGS-1156862.

  17. Line parameter study of ozone at 5 and 10 μm using atmospheric FTIR spectra from the ground: A spectroscopic database and wavelength region comparison

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janssen, Christof; Boursier, Corinne; Jeseck, Pascal; Té, Yao

    2016-08-01

    Atmospheric ozone concentration measurements mostly depend on spectroscopic methods that cover different spectral regions. Despite long years of measurement efforts, the uncertainty goal of 1% in absolute line intensities has not yet been reached. Multispectral inter-comparisons using both laboratory and atmospheric studies reveal that important discrepancies exist when ozone columns are retrieved from different spectral regions. Here, we use ground based FTIR to study the sensitivity of ozone columns on different spectroscopic parameters as a function of individual bands for identifying necessary improvements of the spectroscopic databases. In particular, we examine the degree of consistency that can be reached in ozone retrievals using spectral windows in the 5 and 10 μm bands of ozone. Based on the atmospheric spectra, a detailed database inter-comparison between HITRAN (version 2012), GEISA (version 2011) and S&MPO (as retrieved from the website at the end of 2015) is made. Data from the 10 μm window are consistent to better than 1%, but there are larger differences when the windows at 5 μm are included. The 5 μm results agree with the results from 10 μm within ±2% for all databases. Recent S&MPO data are even more consistent with the desired level of 1%, but spectroscopic data from HITRAN give about 4% higher ozone columns than those from GEISA. If four sub-windows in the 5 μm band are checked for consistency, retrievals using GEISA or S&MPO parameters show less dispersion than those using HITRAN, where one window in the P-branch of the ν1 + ν3 band gives about 2% lower results than the other three. The atmospheric observations are corroborated by a direct comparison of the spectroscopic databases, using a simple statistical analysis based on intensity weighted spectroscopic parameters. The bias introduced by the weighted average approach is investigated and it is negligible if relative differences between databases do not correlate with line

  18. Reproducibility of parameter learning with missing observations in naive Wnt Bayesian network trained on colorectal cancer samples and doxycycline-treated cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sinha, Shriprakash

    2015-07-01

    In this manuscript the reproducibility of parameter learning with missing observations in a naive Bayesian network and its effect on the prediction results for Wnt signaling activation in colorectal cancer is tested. The training of the network is carried out separately on doxycycline-treated LS174T cell lines (GSE18560) as well as normal and adenoma samples (GSE8671). A computational framework to test the reproducibility of the parameters is designed in order check the veracity of the prediction results. Detailed experimental analysis suggests that the prediction results are accurate and reproducible with negligible deviations. Anomalies in estimated parameters are accounted for due to the representation issues of the Bayesian network model. High prediction accuracies are reported for normal (N) and colon-related adenomas (AD), colorectal cancer (CRC), carcinomas (C), adenocarcinomas (ADC) and replication error colorectal cancer (RER CRC) test samples. Test samples from inflammatory bowel diseases (IBD) do not fare well in the prediction test. Also, an interesting case regarding hypothesis testing came up while proving the statistical significance of the different design setups of the Bayesian network model. It was found that hypothesis testing may not be the correct way to check the significance between design setups, especially when the structure of the model is the same, given that the model is trained on a single piece of test data. The significance test does have value when the datasets are independent. Finally, in comparison to the biologically inspired models, the naive Bayesian model may give accurate results, but this accuracy comes at the cost of a loss of crucial biological knowledge which might help reveal hidden relations among intra/extracellular factors affecting the Wnt pathway.

  19. A simple novel approach for real-time monitoring of sodium gluconate production by on-line physiological parameters in batch fermentation by Aspergillus niger.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Fei; Wang, Zejian; Zhao, Wei; Chu, Ju; Zhuang, Yingping

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, approach for real-time monitoring of sodium gluconate (SG) fermentation was established for the first time by the equations which can calculate real-time key-parameters by on-line physiological data. Based on this approach, limiting factors were found out in initial fermentation F1 and then step-wise agitation increase and improved medium recipe were proposed in fermentation F2 and F3, respectively. The highest average SG production rate (16.58±0.91 g L(-1) h(-1)) was achieved in fermentation F3, which was 104.2% and 48.0% higher than those in fermentation F1 and F2, respectively. Meanwhile, due to shorter fermentation period (decreased from 34 h to 18.7 h), lower biomass (about 1.5 g L(-1)) and less by-product accumulation, the overall yield of 0.943±0.012 (mol mol(-1)) in fermentation F3 increased more than 16.0% compared to fermentation F1. This approach had been successfully applied to industrial fermentation and greatly improved SG production.

  20. High efficiency cell-recycle continuous sodium gluconate production by Aspergillus niger using on-line physiological parameters association analysis to regulate feed rate rationally.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lu, Fei; Li, Chao; Wang, Zejian; Zhao, Wei; Chu, Ju; Zhuang, Yingping; Zhang, Siliang

    2016-11-01

    In this paper, a system of cell-recycle continuous fermentation for sodium gluconate (SG) production by Aspergillus niger (A. niger) was established. Based on initial continuous fermentation result (100.0h) with constant feed rate, an automatic feedback strategy to regulate feed rate using on-line physiological parameters (OUR and DO) was proposed and applied successfully for the first time in the improved continuous fermentation (240.5h). Due to less auxiliary time, highest SG production rate (31.05±0.29gL(-1)h(-1)) and highest yield (0.984±0.067molmol(-1)), overall SG production capacity (975.8±5.8gh(-1)) in 50-L fermentor of improved continuous fermentation increased more than 300.0% compared to that of batch fermentation. Improvement of mass transfer and dispersed mycelia morphology were the two major reasons responsible for the high SG production rate. This system had been successfully applied to industrial fermentation and SG production was greatly improved.

  1. 在线参数辨识的脉冲噪声有源控制%Active Control of Impulsive Noise Based on On-line Parameter Identification

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨琴; 周亚丽; 张奇志

    2013-01-01

    Active noise control is a kind of active control methods and has been widely used to attenuate the noise which yields Gaussian distribution. But for most of non-Gaussian impulsive noises, the traditional adaptive algorithms are not appropriate for controlling the impulsive noise. The main reason is that there is no finite second-order moment for the impulsive noise. In this paper, two kinds of on-line parameter identification algorithms based on the classical Filter-x LMS algorithm were presented which are appropriate for non-Gaussian impulsive noise. One is FxLMPest and FxLMADadapt algorithms based on on-line parameters identification to estimate characteristics exponent of impulsive noise with an SαS distribution, and the other is BDP algorithm based on SKM and AM algorithms presented by Sun et al, which uses a simple on-line recursive procedure to estimate amplitude thresholds. Both methods do not need prior information of characteristics exponent and amplitude thresholds of impulsive noise. And the simulation results also show that the two methods can effectively suppress the impulsive noise, and its robust performance is significantly better than Filter-x LMS algorithm.%  有源噪声控制是一种主动控制方法,目前已广泛应用于对高斯分布噪声进行衰减。但是传统的用于控制噪声的自适应算法不再适用大多数服从非高斯分布的脉冲噪声,主要原因是这种脉冲噪声没有有限的二阶统计量。在经典的Filter-x LMS算法的基础上提出两种适用于服从非高斯分布尖峰脉冲噪声情况下的在线参数辨识方法,一种是利用在线参数辨识方法对服从SαS稳定分布的脉冲噪声进行特征指数的估计,进而实现降噪目的的FxLMPest和FxLMADadapt算法;另一种是在Sun等人提出的SKM和AM算法基础上利用在线递归过程实现对幅度阈值估计的BDP算法。这两种算法均不需要获得脉冲噪声的特征指数和阈值的

  2. Parametic Study of the current limit within a single driver-scaletransport beam line of an induction Linac for Heavy Ion Fusion

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Prost, Lionel Robert [Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States)

    2004-01-01

    The High Current Experiment (HCX) at Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory is part of the US program that explores heavy-ion beam as the driver option for fusion energy production in an Inertial Fusion Energy (IFE) plant. The HCX is a beam transport experiment at a scale representative of the low-energy end of an induction linear accelerator driver. The primary mission of this experiment is to investigate aperture fill factors acceptable for the transport of space-charge-dominated heavy-ion beams at high intensity (line charge density ~0.2 μC/m) over long pulse durations (4 μs) in alternating gradient focusing lattices of electrostatic or magnetic quadrupoles. This experiment is testing transport issues resulting from nonlinear space-charge effects and collective modes, beam centroid alignment and steering, envelope matching, image charges and focusing field nonlinearities, halo and, electron and gas cloud effects. We present the results for a coasting 1 MeV K+ ion beam transported through ten electrostatic quadrupoles. The measurements cover two different fill factor studies (60% and 80% of the clear aperture radius) for which the transverse phase-space of the beam was characterized in detail, along with beam energy measurements and the first halo measurements. Electrostatic quadrupole transport at high beam fill factor (~80%) is achieved with acceptable emittance growth and beam loss. We achieved good envelope control, and re-matching may only be needed every ten lattice periods (at 80% fill factor) in a longer lattice of similar design. We also show that understanding and controlling the time dependence of the envelope parameters is critical to achieving high fill factors, notably because of the injector and matching section dynamics.

  3. Retrievals of ethane from ground-based high-resolution FTIR solar observations with updated line parameters: determination of the optimum strategy for the Jungfraujoch station.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bader, W.; Perrin, A.; Jacquemart, D.; Sudo, K.; Yashiro, H.; Gauss, M.; Demoulin, P.; Servais, C.; Mahieu, E.

    2012-04-01

    Ethane (C2H6) is the most abundant Non-Methane HydroCarbon (NMHC) in the Earth's atmosphere, with a lifetime of approximately 2 months. C2H6 has both anthropogenic and natural emission sources such as biomass burning, natural gas loss and biofuel consumption. Oxidation by the hydroxyl radical is by far the major C2H6 sink as the seasonally changing OH concentration controls the strong modulation of the ethane abundance throughout the year. Ethane lowers Cl atom concentrations in the lower stratosphere and is a major source of peroxyacetyl nitrate (PAN) and carbon monoxide (by reaction with OH). Involved in the formation of tropospheric ozone and in the destruction of atmospheric methane through changes in OH, C2H6 is a non-direct greenhouse gas with a net-global warming potential (100-yr horizon) of 5.5. The retrieval of ethane from ground-based infrared (IR) spectra is challenging. Indeed, the fitting of the ethane features is complicated by numerous interferences by strong water vapor, ozone and methane absorptions. Moreover, ethane has a complicated spectrum with many interacting vibrational modes and the current state of ethane parameters in HITRAN (e.g. : Rothman et al., 2009, see http://www.hitran.com) was rather unsatisfactory in the 3 μm region. In fact, PQ branches outside the 2973-3001 cm-1 range are not included in HITRAN, and most P and R structures are missing. New ethane absorption cross sections recorded at the Molecular Spectroscopy Facility of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory (Harrison et al., 2010) are used in our retrievals. They were calibrated in intensity by using reference low-resolution spectra from the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL) IR database. Pseudoline parameters fitted to these ethane spectra have been combined with HITRAN 2004 line parameters (including all the 2006 updates) for all other species encompassed in the selected microwindows. Also, the improvement brought by the update of the line positions and intensities

  4. High value of the radiobiological parameter Dq correlates to expression of the transforming growth factor beta type II receptor in a panel of small cell lung cancer cell lines

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hougaard, S; Krarup, M; Nørgaard, P;

    1998-01-01

    Our panel of SCLC cell lines have previously been examined for their radiobiological characteristics and sensitivity to treatment with TGF beta 1. In this study we examined the possible correlations between radiobiological parameters and the expression of the TGF beta type II receptor (TGF beta-r...... role for the repair of radiation induced DNA damage in SCLC....

  5. Line parameters for the 01111-00001 band of {sup 12}C{sup 16}O{sup 18}O from SOIR measurements of the Venus atmosphere

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilquet, V. [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, 3 av. Circulaire, B-1180 Brussels (Belgium)], E-mail: valerie.wilquet@aeronomie.be; Mahieux, A.; Vandaele, A.C. [Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy, 3 av. Circulaire, B-1180 Brussels (Belgium); Perevalov, V.I.; Tashkun, S.A. [Institute of Atmospheric Optics, Akademitcheskii av., 1, 634055 Tomsk (Russian Federation); Fedorova, A.; Korablev, O. [Space Research Institute (IKI), 84/32 Profsoyuznaya, 117810 Moscow (Russian Federation); Montmessin, F.; Dahoo, R.; Bertaux, J.-L. [Service d' Aeronomie du CNRS, BP3, 91371, Verrieres-le-Buisson (France); Universite Pierre et Marie Curie, Paris (France); Institut Pierre Simon Laplace, Universite de Versailles-Saint-Quentin, 78 Saint Quentin en Yvelines (France)

    2008-04-15

    CO{sub 2} is the major constituent of the atmosphere of Venus. Absorption lines due to its {sup 12}C{sup 16}O{sup 18}O isotopologue have been observed for the first time in Venus spectra in the 2930-3015 cm{sup -1} spectral region, where the HITRAN database does not contain any line from this isotopologue. The measurements were performed by the SOIR instrument, which is part of the SPICAV/SOIR instrument on board the Venus Express mission of ESA. SOIR measured the atmospheric transmission of the upper atmosphere of Venus (z>70 km) by performing a solar occultation experiment using the atmosphere as a gigantic absorption cell. The identification of this newly observed band was first made recently from Mars atmosphere observations by US colleagues. We have made independent theoretical calculations of the positions of the lines of this new 01111-00001 absorption band, which coincide perfectly with the positions of the observed lines. Assuming an oxygen isotopic ratio similar to the one measured previously in the lower atmosphere of Venus, the line strengths of each observed line are deduced and listed.

  6. The ATLAS 3D project - XVI. Physical parameters and spectral line energy distributions of the molecular gas in gas-rich early-type galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Bayet, Estelle; Davis, Timothy A; Young, Lisa M; Crocker, Alison F; Alatalo, Katherine; Blitz, Leo; Bois, Maxime; Bournaud, Frédéric; Cappellari, Michele; Davies, Roger L; de Zeeuw, P T; Duc, Pierre-Alain; Emsellem, Eric; Khochfar, Sadegh; Krajnović, Davor; Kuntschner, Harald; McDermid, Richard M; Morganti, Raffaella; Naab, Thorsten; Oosterloo, Tom; Sarzi, Marc; Scott, Nicholas; Serra, Paolo; Weijmans, Anne-Marie

    2012-01-01

    [Abridged] We present a detailed study of the physical properties of the molecular gas in a sample of 18 molecular gas-rich early-type galaxies (ETGs) from the ATLAS$ 3D sample. Our goal is to better understand the star formation processes occurring in those galaxies, starting here with the dense star-forming gas. We use existing integrated $^{12}$CO(1-0, 2-1), $^{13}$CO(1-0, 2-1), HCN(1-0) and HCO$^{+}$(1-0) observations and present new $^{12}$CO(3-2) single-dish data. From these, we derive for the first time the average kinetic temperature, H$_{2}$ volume density and column density of the emitting gas, this using a non-LTE theoretical model. Since the CO lines trace different physical conditions than of those the HCN and HCO$^{+}$ lines, the two sets of lines are treated separately. We also compare for the first time the predicted CO spectral line energy distributions (SLEDs) and gas properties of our molecular gas-rich ETGs with those of a sample of nearby well-studied disc galaxies. The gas excitation con...

  7. Genetic parameters and effect of selection for body weight in lines of mink (Neovion vison) on ad libitum and restricted feeding

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nielsen, Vivi Hunnicke; Møller, Steen Henrik; Hansen, Bente Krog;

    2012-01-01

    .60 in females in the FF-, AL-, and RF-line). The results indicate that selection on AL feeding increased appetite and thereby improved feed conversion ratio while selection on RF improved feed utilization. Furthermore, the results suggest that selection for August weight produces lean mink while selection...

  8. Spectroscopic Line Parameters of - and Hydrogen-Broadened 12C16O Transitions in the 3-0 Band from 6270 wn to 6402 wn.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Reed, Zachary; Hodges, Joseph T.

    2016-06-01

    We present helium- and hydrogen-broadened linewidths, pressure-induced shifts, and collisional narrowing coefficients for selected lines in the P- and R- branch of the second overtone (3-0) band of CO, spanning from 6270 wn to 6402 wn. The contribution of speed dependent effects and partial correlation between velocity-changing and dephasing collisions on the foreign broadened line shapes are also discussed. The data were obtained using the frequency-stabilized cavity ringdown spectroscopy technique. Spectra were collected at room temperature over a pressure range from 13.3 kPa to 100 kPa. The spectrum frequency axis is referenced via an optical frequency comb to a Cs clock, which provides pressure shifting values with uncertainties as low as 100 kHz/atm. The spectra exhibited signal-to-noise ratios as high as 20,000:1, which enables rigorous tests of theoretical line profiles through multi-spectrum least squares data analysis. The partially correlated, quadratic-speed-dependent Nelkin Ghatak profile gives a quality of fit mostly commensurate with the high spectrum signal-to-noise and minimizes structural residuals.

  9. Comparison of cisplatin sensitivity and the 18F fluoro-2-deoxy 2 glucose uptake with proliferation parameters and gene expression in squamous cell carcinoma cell lines of the head and neck

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ohlsson Tomas

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background The survival of patients with locally advanced head and neck cancer is still poor, with 5-year survival rates of 24–35%. The identification of prognostic and predictive markers at the molecular and cellular level could make it possible to find new therapeutic targets and provide "taylor made" treatments. Established cell lines of human squamous cell carcinoma (HNSCC are valuable models for identifying such markers. The aim of this study was to establish and characterize a series of cell lines and to compare the cisplatin sensitivity and 18F fluoro-2 deoxy 2 glucose (18F-FDG uptake of these cell lines with other cellular characteristics, such as proliferation parameters and TP53 and CCND1 status. Methods Explant cultures of fresh tumour tissue were cultivated, and six new permanent cell lines were established from 18 HNSCC cases. Successfully grown cell lines were analysed regarding clinical parameters, histological grade, karyotype, DNA ploidy, and index and S-phase fraction (Spf. The cell lines were further characterized with regard to their uptake of 18F-FDG, their sensitivity to cisplatin, as measured by a viability test (crystal violet, and their TP53 and CCND1 status, by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH, polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP with DNA sequencing and, for cyclin D1, by immunohistochemistry. Results Patients with tumours that could be cultured in vitro had shorter disease-free periods and overall survival time than those whose tumours did not grow in vitro, when analysed with the Kaplan-Meier method and the log-rank test. Their tumours also showed more complex karyotypes than tumours from which cell lines could not be established. No correlation was found between TP53 or CCND1 status and 18F-FDG uptake or cisplatin sensitivity. However, there was an inverse correlation between tumour cell doubling time and 18F-FDG uptake. Conclusion In vitro growth of HNSCC

  10. Record extension for short-gauged water quality parameters using a newly proposed robust version of the Line of Organic Correlation technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Khalil

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available In many situations the extension of hydrological or water quality time series at short-gauged stations is required. Ordinary least squares regression (OLS of any hydrological or water quality variable is a traditional and commonly used record extension technique. However, OLS tends to underestimate the variance in the extended records, which leads to underestimation of high percentiles and overestimation of low percentiles, given that the data are normally distributed. The development of the line of organic correlation (LOC technique is aimed at correcting this bias. On the other hand, the Kendall-Theil robust line (KTRL method has been proposed as an analogue of OLS with the advantage of being robust in the presence of outliers. Given that water quality data are characterised by the presence of outliers, positive skewness and non-normal distribution of data, a robust record extension technique is more appropriate. In this paper, four record-extension techniques are described, and their properties are explored. These techniques are OLS, LOC, KTRL and a new technique proposed in this paper, the robust line of organic correlation technique (RLOC. RLOC includes the advantage of the LOC in reducing the bias in estimating the variance, but at the same time it is also robust in the presence of outliers. A Monte Carlo study and empirical experiment were conducted to examine the four techniques for the accuracy and precision of the estimate of statistical moments and over the full range of percentiles. Results of the Monte Carlo study showed that the OLS and KTRL techniques have serious deficiencies as record-extension techniques, while the LOC and RLOC techniques are nearly similar. However, RLOC outperforms OLS, KTRL and LOC when using real water quality records.

  11. Radiation survival parameters of antineoplastic drug-sensitive and -resistant human ovarian cancer cell lines and their modification by buthionine sulfoximine

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Louie, K.G.; Behrens, B.C.; Kinsella, T.J.; Hamilton, T.C.; Grotzinger, K.R.; McKoy, W.M.; Winker, M.A.; Ozols, R.F.

    1985-05-01

    The optimum integration of chemotherapy and irradiation is of potential clinical significance in the treatment of ovarian cancer. A series of human ovarian cancer cell lines have been developed in which dose-response relationships to standard anticancer drugs have been determined, and the patterns of cross-resistance between these drugs and irradiation have been established. By stepwise incubation with drugs, sublines of A2780, a drug-sensitive cell line, have been made 100-fold, 10-fold, and 10-fold more resistant to Adriamycin (2780AD), melphalan (2780ME), and cisplatin (2780CP). Two additional cell lines, NIH:OVCAR-3nu(Ag+) and NIH:OVCAR-4(Ag+), were established from drug-refractory patients. 2780ME, 2780CP, OVCAR-3nu(Ag+), and OVCAR-4(Ag+) are all cross-resistant to irradiation, with DOS of 146, 187, 143, and 203, respectively. However, 2780AD remains sensitive to radiation, with a DO of 111, which is similar to that of A2780 (101). Glutathione (GSH) levels are elevated in 2780ME, 2780CP, OVCAR-3nu(Ag+), and OVCAR-4(Ag+) to 4.58, 6.13, 12.10, and 15.14 nmol/10(6) cells as compared to A2780, with 1.89 nmol/10(6) cells. However, the GSH level in 2780AD is only minimally higher than that in A2780 (2.94 nmol/10(6) cells). Buthionine sulfoximine, a specific inhibitor of GSH synthesis, significantly increases the radiation sensitivity of 2780ME (changing the DO from 143 to 95) and 2780CP to a lesser extent, suggesting that intracellular GSH levels may play an important role in the radiation response of certain neoplastic cells.

  12. Record extension for short-gauged water quality parameters using a newly proposed robust version of the line of organic correlation technique

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    B. Khalil

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available In many situations the extension of hydrological or water quality time series at short-gauged stations is required. Ordinary least squares regression (OLS of any hydrological or water quality variable is a traditional and commonly used record extension technique. However, OLS tends to underestimate the variance in the extended records, which leads to underestimation of high percentiles and overestimation of low percentiles, given that the data is normally distributed. The development of the line of organic correlation (LOC technique is aimed at correcting this bias. On the other hand, the Kendall-Theil robust line (KTRL method has been proposed as an analogue of OLS with the advantage of being robust in the presence of outliers. Given that water quality data are characterised by the presence of outliers, positive skewness and non-normal distribution of data, a robust record extension technique is more appropriate. In this paper, four record-extension techniques are described, and their properties are explored. These techniques are OLS, LOC, KTRL and a new technique proposed in this paper, the robust line of organic correlation technique (RLOC. RLOC includes the advantage of the LOC in reducing the bias in estimating the variance, but at the same time it is also robust to the presence of outliers. A Monte Carlo study and empirical experiment were conducted to examine the four techniques for the accuracy and precision of the estimate of statistical moments and over the full range of percentiles. Results of the Monte Carlo study showed that the OLS and KTRL techniques have serious deficiencies as record-extension techniques, while the LOC and RLOC techniques are nearly similar. However, RLOC outperforms OLS, KTRL and LOC when using real water quality records.

  13. Breeding maize as biogas substrate in Central Europe: II. Quantitative-genetic parameters for inbred lines and correlations with testcross performance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Grieder, Christoph; Dhillon, Baldev S; Schipprack, Wolfgang; Melchinger, Albrecht E

    2012-04-01

    Breeding maize for use as a biogas substrate (biogas maize) has recently gained considerable importance. To optimize hybrid breeding programs, information about line per se performance (LP) of inbreds and its relation to their general combining ability (GCA) is required. The objectives of our research were to (1) estimate variance components and heritability of LP for agronomic and quality traits relevant to biogas production, (2) study correlations among traits as well as between LP and GCA, and (3) discuss implications for breeding of biogas maize. We evaluated 285 diverse dent maize inbred lines in six environments. Data were recorded on agronomic and quality traits, including dry matter yield (DMY), methane fermentation yield (MFY), and their product, methane yield (MY), as the main target trait. In agreement with observations made for GCA in a companion study, variation in MY was mainly determined by DMY. MFY, which showed moderate correlation with lignin but only weak correlation with starch, revealed only low genotypic variation. Thus, our results favor selection of genotypes with high DMY and less focus on ear proportion for biogas maize. Genotypic correlations between LP and GCA [r (g) (LP, GCA)] were highest (≥0.94) for maturity traits (days to silking, dry matter concentration) and moderate (≥0.65) for DMY and MY. Multistage selection is recommended. Selection for GCA of maturity traits, plant height, and to some extent also quality traits and DMY on the level of LP looks promising.

  14. The impact analysis of jacket-space geometric parameters on the characteristics of a reciprocating processor with cooling system using gas pressure fluctuations in the suction line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shcherba, V. E.; Grigoriev, A. V.; Vedruchenko, V. P.; Galdin, N. S.; Rybak, A. T.; Trukhanova, D. A.

    2017-08-01

    The article analyzes the impact of the jacket-space diameter and length on characteristics of a reciprocating compressor with liquid cooling system using liquid circulation gas pressure fluctuations in the suction line. The following operating characteristics of the machine were constructed and analyzed: the average height of the liquid column in the jacket space; instantaneous velocity and height of the liquid column in the jacket space; the relative height of the liquid column in the jacket space; volumetric efficiency; indicator isothermal efficiency; flowrate in the pump section; relative pressure losses during suction; relative flowrate. The dependence of the instantaneous pressure in the work space and the suction space of the compressor section on the rotation angle of the crankshaft is determined for different values of the external diameter of the jacket space.

  15. State variables applied in the analysis of transmission lines considering the influence of frequency on the longitudinal parameters; Variaveis de estado aplicadas na analise de linhas de transmissao considerando a influencia da frequencia nos parametros longitudinais

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Monzani, R.C. [Universidade Estadual de Londrina (UEL), PR (Brazil). Centro de Tecnologia e Urbanismo. Dept. de Engenharia Eletrica; Prado, A.J.; Kurokawa, S.; Bovolato, L.F. [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Ilha Solteira, SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia. Dept. de Engenharia Eletrica; Pissolato Filho, J. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e Computacao. Dept. de Sistemas e Controle de Energia

    2009-07-01

    This paper presents a mathematical model to simulate and analyze time-domain electromagnetic transients in a transmission line using a single-phase representation of these lines with and without the influence of frequency on the longitudinal parameters. For this {pi} circuits and state variables are used to compose a linear system which is solved by a numerical routine. This routine is applied to the mathematical tool MatLab {sup TM} The aim of this paper is to demonstrate quickly and efficiently the study of electromagnetic waves to graduate students in Electrical Engineering, Computing and Mathematics courses, because EMTP (Electromagnetic Transient Program ) involve a greater complexity in handling which and can often lead disinterest in these individuals.

  16. Characterization of rPEPT2-mediated Gly-Sar transport parameters in the rat kidney proximal tubule cell line SKPT-0193 cl.2 cultured in basic growth media

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bravo, Silvina A; Nielsen, Carsten Uhd; Frokjaer, Sven;

    2005-01-01

    added. The aim of the study was thus to characterize Gly-Sar transport parameters in SKPT cells cultured in basic growth media (conventional media without added agonists). Morphology was studied using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM) and immunohistochemistry. Monolayer integrity was evaluated......The rat proximal kidney tubule cell line SKPT-0193 cl.2 (SKPT) expresses the di-/tripeptide transporter PEPT2 (rPEPT2) and has been used to study PEPT2-mediated transport. Traditionally, SKPT cells have been cultured in growth media supplemented with epidermal growth factor (EGF), apotransferrin...

  17. 基于IGG准则的抗差最小二乘输电线路参数辨识%Robust least square estimation for transmission line parameter identification based on IGG criterion

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    戴长春; 王正风; 张兆阳; 毕天姝

    2013-01-01

    针对实测数据中会存在粗差而传统最小二乘不具备抗差能力,本文将IGG抗差方法应用到输电线路参数辨识中,提出了基于IGG准则的抗差最小二乘的输电线路参数辨识方法。具体的,本文在介绍基于双端PMU数据的线路线性数学模型和相应的最小二乘辨识的基础上,通过对目标函数的改造,引入基于IGG法的抗差准则,即对有效的观测信息保权,对可利用观测信息降权,对有害观测信息拒绝,从而使得改造后的最小二乘方法具备了较强的抗差能力。基于PSCAD仿真数据的测试验证了本文方法的有效性、抗噪能力及抗差能力;基于实测PMU数据的运行参数辨识结果表明了本文方法的实用性。%In the parameter identification for transmission line, there often exists the gross error in the measured data and lacking of robustness with the traditional least square. This paper applies the IGG robust estimation to the transmission line parameter, i.e., proposes a robust least square estimation to transmission line parameter identification based on IGG robust criterion. In detail, it firstly presents the linear model for transmission line based on the PMU data of both ends and introduces the traditional least square estimation method. And then, after the introduction of the IGG robust criterion, i.e., retaining the weight of the effective observation, reducing the weight of the available observation, but refusing the harmful observation, it proposes the robust least square estimation by modifying the objective function of the traditional least square estimation for parameter identification. The simulation results based on PSCAD demonstrate the effectiveness, noise immunity ability and robust ability of the proposed method. Furthermore, the results based on field PMU data show the effectiveness of the proposed method in application.

  18. 基于线性变换的感应电机参数的离线静止辨识%Off-line Static Identification of Induction Motor Parameters Based on Linear Transformation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李练兵; 王志强; 赵秀峰; 王志华

    2013-01-01

    针对传统的基于堵转和空转模型计算感应电机参数的离线辨识方法实施困难,甚至不可行的问题,通过线性变换得到一种电机的等效模型,实现了感应电机在静止状态下的参数辨识.%Considering difficulty in off-line identifying induction motor parameter based on traditional locked-rotor idle model calculation, a linear transformation-based equivalent model for motors was proposed to implement parameter identification of the induction motor in stationary state.

  19. Constraints on the neutrino parameters by future cosmological 21cm line and precise CMB polarization observations (PhD thesis, The Graduate University for Advanced Studies (SOKENDAI))

    CERN Document Server

    Oyama, Yoshihiko

    2015-01-01

    Observations of the 21 cm line radiation coming from the epoch of reionization have a great capacity to study the cosmological growth of the Universe. Also, CMB polarization produced by gravitational lensing has a large amount of information about the growth of matter fluctuations at late time. In this thesis, we investigate their sensitivities to the impact of neutrino property on the growth of density fluctuations, such as the total neutrino mass, the neutrino mass hierarchy, the effective number of neutrino species (extra radiation), and the lepton asymmetry of our Universe. We will show that by combining the precise CMB polarization observations with Square Kilometer Array (SKA) we can measure the impact of non-zero neutrino mass on the growth of density fluctuation, and determine the neutrino mass hierarchy at 2 sigma level if the total neutrino mass is smaller than 0.1 eV. Additionally, we will show that by using these combinations we can constrain the lepton asymmetry better than big-bang nucleosynthes...

  20. Analysis of BaBar, Belle, BES-II, CLEO and KEDR data on $\\psi(3770)$ line shape and determination of the resonance parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Shamov, A G

    2016-01-01

    The available data on the $D\\overline{D}$ and inclusive hadronic cross section in the $\\psi(3770)$ region from the BaBar, Belle, BES-II, CLEO and KEDR experiments have been analyzed assuming that systematic uncertainties on cross sections measured by different detectors are not correlated. Four theoretical models predicting the $\\psi(3770)$ line shape were considered for the $D\\overline{D}$ channel. All of them gave satisfactory description of the data. The combined analysis of the $D\\overline{D}$ and inclusive hadronic channel was performed using the model based on the vector dominance approach and accounting for the contribution of the $\\psi(2S)$ tail to the $D\\overline{D}$ cross section. The following values of the mass, total width, electron width and decay probability to the non-$D\\overline{D}$ states were obtained: $M=3779.8 \\pm 0.6 ~\\text{MeV}, \\Gamma=25.8 \\pm 1.3 ~\\text{MeV} , \\Gamma_{ee}=196 \\pm 18 ~\\text{eV}, \\mathcal{B}_{nD\\overline{D}}=0.164 \\pm 0.049$, where the errors quoted include both statist...

  1. Combining PLS regression with portable NIR spectroscopy to on-line monitor quality parameters in intact olives for determining optimal harvesting time.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fernández-Espinosa, Antonio J

    2016-01-01

    This study presents a systematized method for predicting water content, fat content and free acidity in olive fruits by on-line NIR Spectroscopy combined with chemometric techniques (PCA, LDA and PLSR). Three cultivar varieties of Olea europaea - Hojiblanca cv., Picual cv. and Arbequina cv. - were monitored. Five olive cultivation areas of Southern Spain (Andalucia) and Southern Portugal (Alentejo) were studied in 2011 and 2012. 465 olive samples were collected during the ripening process (non-mature olives) and compared with other 203 samples of mature olives collected at the final ripening stage. NIR spectra were measured directly in the olive fruits in the wavelength region from 1000 to 2300 nm in reflectance mode. The reference analyses were performed on the olive paste by oven drying for the moisture, by mini-Soxhlet extraction for the fat content and by acid titration of the oil extracted from the olive paste. Calibrations and predictive models were developed by Partial Least Square Regression (PLSR) previous Principal Component and Linear Discriminant analyses (PCA and LDA) were employed as exploratory and clean-up tools of data sets. The final models obtained for the total samples showed acceptable statistics of prediction with R(2)=0.88, RMSEV%=4.88 and RMSEP%=4.98 for water content, R(2)=0.76, RMSECV%=19.5 and RMSEP%=20.0 for fat content and R(2)=0.83, RMSECV%=36.8 and RMSEP%=38.8 for free acidity. Regression coefficients were better for only one maturity state (ripe period) than for olive fruit with different composition (ripening period). All models obtained were applied to predict LQPs on a new set of samples with satisfactory results, a good prediction potential of the models.

  2. Using chromosome introgression lines to map quantitative trait loci for photosynthesis parameters in rice (Oryza sativa L.) leaves under drought and well-watered field conditions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gu, Junfei; Yin, Xinyou; Struik, Paul C; Stomph, Tjeerd Jan; Wang, Huaqi

    2012-01-01

    Photosynthesis is fundamental to biomass production, but sensitive to drought. To understand the genetics of leaf photosynthesis, especially under drought, upland rice cv. Haogelao, lowland rice cv. Shennong265, and 94 of their introgression lines (ILs) were studied at flowering and grain filling under drought and well-watered field conditions. Gas exchange and chlorophyll fluorescence measurements were conducted to evaluate eight photosynthetic traits. Since these traits are very sensitive to fluctuations in microclimate during measurements under field conditions, observations were adjusted for microclimatic differences through both a statistical covariant model and a physiological approach. Both approaches identified leaf-to-air vapour pressure difference as the variable influencing the traits most. Using the simple sequence repeat (SSR) linkage map for the IL population, 1-3 quantitative trait loci (QTLs) were detected per trait-stage-treatment combination, which explained between 7.0% and 30.4% of the phenotypic variance of each trait. The clustered QTLs near marker RM410 (the interval from 57.3 cM to 68.4 cM on chromosome 9) were consistent over both development stages and both drought and well-watered conditions. This QTL consistency was verified by a greenhouse experiment under a controlled environment. The alleles from the upland rice at this interval had positive effects on net photosynthetic rate, stomatal conductance, transpiration rate, quantum yield of photosystem II (PSII), and the maximum efficiency of light-adapted open PSII. However, the allele of another main QTL from upland rice was associated with increased drought sensitivity of photosynthesis. These results could potentially be used in breeding programmes through marker-assisted selection to improve drought tolerance and photosynthesis simultaneously.

  3. Genetic parameters for litter size, piglet growth and sow's early growth and body composition in the Chinese-European line Tai Zumu.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banville, M; Riquet, J; Bahon, D; Sourdioux, M; Canario, L

    2015-08-01

    Genetics of piglet growth in association with sow's early growth and body composition were estimated in the Tai Zumu line. Piglet and sow's litter growth traits were calculated from individual weights collected at birth and at 3 weeks of age. Sow's litter traits included the number of piglets born alive (NBA), the mean piglet weight (MW) and the standard deviation of weights within the litter (SDW). Sow's early growth was measured by the age at 100 kg (A100), and body composition included backfat thickness (BF100). A main objective of this study was to estimate separately the direct genetic effect (d) and the maternal genetic effect (m) on piglet weight and daily weight gain during lactation. Variance components were estimated using the restricted maximum likelihood methodology based on animal models. The heritability estimates were 0.19 for NBA, 0.15 and 0.26 for SDW and MW at 3 weeks and 0.42 and 0.70 for A100 and BF100. The NBA was almost independent from SDW. Conversely, the A100 and BF100 were correlated unfavourably with SDW (rg piglet weight at birth and daily weight gain accounted for 12% (h(²) (d) = 0.02) and 50% (h(²) (d) = 0.11) of the genetic variance, respectively. The association between d and m for piglet weight was not different from zero at birth (rg = 0.19, SE = 0.27), but a strong antagonism between d and m for daily weight gain from birth to 3 weeks was found (rg = -0.41, SE = 0.17). Substantial direct and maternal genetic effects influenced piglet growth until weaning in opposite way.

  4. 某型混合动力传动系统扭振减振器参数的优化设计%Parameter Optimization on the Torsional Vibration Damper in the Drive Line of a Hybrid Electric Bus

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    闫明刚; 侯之超; 杨福源; 余平; 叶晓

    2015-01-01

    以某同轴混联型混合动力客车传动系统为对象,应用AMESim建立其扭振力学和控制模型,并设计一个包含全工况的车辆运行过程,计算其在该运行过程中的扭振响应.通过响应灵敏度分析,得出影响系统关键部位扭振水平的主要因素.以全工况下减振器最大扭转角为目标函数,对扭转减振器的刚度参数进行优化.分工况计算优化后传动系统的固有特性,并通过与激振信号对比进行共振校核.优化前、后系统的扭振响应对比表明,该优化达到了预期减振效果.%With drive line of a series-parallel hybrid electric bus as research object, a torsional vibration mechanics& control model is built with software AMESim, and a vehicle operation process incorporating various operating conditions is designed to calculate the torsional vibration responses of the drive line in those operating conditions. Through response sensitivity analysis, the main factors affecting torsional vibration of critical system components are derived. The stiffness parameters of the vibration damper in the drive line are optimized with the maximum twist angle of the dampers as the objective function. The natural characteristics of the optimized drive line is calculated separately under various operational modes, which are used for resonance check with excitation signals. The torsional vibration response of the optimized system after is compared with that without optimization, which shows that the expected vibration damping effect is achieved with this optimization.

  5. Ethological parameters and performance of Hy Line W-98 and ISA Brown hens when housed in furnished cages Parâmetros etológicos e desempenho de poedeiras Hy line W-98 e Isa Brown alojadas em gaiolas enriquecidas

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.F.B. Roll

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available This study was carried out throughout a laying period to compare the behaviour and performance of two groups of commercial layers, 180 ISA Brown and 120 Hy line W98, housed at 17 weeks of age in furnished cages with a nest box, perches, dust-bath, and claw shortening device. Based on productive parameters, the model of furnished cages studied is suitable for both, Isa Brown and Hy line hens. The study suggested that strain has a significant effect on feather condition and on some behavioural displays, particularly those related to the use of a dust-bath.Durante um ciclo completo de postura foram avaliados o comportamento e o desempenho de duas linhagens de poedeiras comerciais, 180 ISA Brown e 120 Hy line W98, alojadas com 17 semanas de idade em gaiolas enriquecidas com ninho, poleiros, banho de areia e dispositivos de desgaste de unhas. Em ambas as linhagens, Isa Brown e Hy line W98, o modelo de gaiola estudado foi apropriado em termos de desempenho produtivo. O estudo sugeriu que a linhagem teve efeito significativo sobre a condição da plumagem e sobre alguns aspectos comportamentais, particularmente, aqueles relacionados ao uso do banho de areia.

  6. Measurement of the Temperature Dependence of Line Mixing and Pressure Broadening Parameters between 296 and 90 K in the v3 band of 12CH4 and their Influence on Atmospheric Methane Retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondelain, Didier; Payan, Sebastien; Deng, Wenping; Camy-Peyret, Claude; Hurtmans, Daniel; Mantz, Arlan W.

    2007-01-01

    We measured the temperature dependence of the nitrogen broadening, narrowing and line-mixing coefficients of four lines of the P9 manifold in the v3 band of 12CH4 for atmospheric purposes. The data were collected using our tunable diode laser (TDL) spectrometer with active wavenumber control coupled to a newly developed cold Herriott cell with a path length of 5.37 m and a temperature uniformity of better than 0.01 K along the cell. We recorded and analyzed spectra recorded at sample temperature between 90 K and room temperature. We have investigate the influence of our new results in the inversion model used to retrieve methane profiles from atmospheric spectra; our new results make it possible to retrieve significantly more precise methane profiles. The atmospheric spectra we utilized were obtained by several of us with a balloon-born Fourier Transform infrared experiment in a limb configuration. Differences up to 7% on the retrieved volume mixing ratio were found compared to an inversion model using only HITRAN04 spectroscopic parameters.

  7. Measurement of the Temperature Dependence of Line Mixing and Pressure Broadening Parameters between 296 and 90 K in the v3 band of 12CH4 and their Influence on Atmospheric Methane Retrievals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mondelain, Didier; Payan, Sebastien; Deng, Wenping; Camy-Peyret, Claude; Hurtmans, Daniel; Mantz, Arlan W.

    2007-01-01

    We measured the temperature dependence of the nitrogen broadening, narrowing and line-mixing coefficients of four lines of the P9 manifold in the v3 band of 12CH4 for atmospheric purposes. The data were collected using our tunable diode laser (TDL) spectrometer with active wavenumber control coupled to a newly developed cold Herriott cell with a path length of 5.37 m and a temperature uniformity of better than 0.01 K along the cell. We recorded and analyzed spectra recorded at sample temperature between 90 K and room temperature. We have investigate the influence of our new results in the inversion model used to retrieve methane profiles from atmospheric spectra; our new results make it possible to retrieve significantly more precise methane profiles. The atmospheric spectra we utilized were obtained by several of us with a balloon-born Fourier Transform infrared experiment in a limb configuration. Differences up to 7% on the retrieved volume mixing ratio were found compared to an inversion model using only HITRAN04 spectroscopic parameters.

  8. An Off-line Parameter Estimation Technique for Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor%嵌入式永磁同步电机离线参数辨识技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈振锋; 钟彦儒; 李洁

    2009-01-01

    An off-line parameter estimation technique to determine the parameters which are necessary to implement the vector control of the permanent magnet synchronous motor (PMSM)is presented.Based on the motor dynamic model mo-tor,a DC or an AC current is injected into the motor,and then the stator resistance,rotor flux linkage,d-axis inductance and q-axis inductance are estimated by voltage measuring.The experimental results demonstrate the feasibility of the pro-posed method.%详细介绍了一种永磁同步电机(Permanent Magnet Synchronous Motor,简称PMSM)矢量控制系统电机参数的离线辨识技术.该技术基丁电机的动态数学模型,通过在电机端注入直流或交流电流,测量相应的电压响应,辨识出电机的定子电阻、转子磁链、直轴电感和交轴电感.实验结果证明了该算法的正确性.

  9. On-line adaptive battery impedance parameter and state estimation considering physical principles in reduced order equivalent circuit battery models. Part 1. Requirements, critical review of methods and modeling

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fleischer, Christian; Waag, Wladislaw; Heyn, Hans-Martin; Sauer, Dirk Uwe

    2014-08-01

    Lithium-ion battery systems employed in high power demanding systems such as electric vehicles require a sophisticated monitoring system to ensure safe and reliable operation. Three major states of the battery are of special interest and need to be constantly monitored, these include: battery state of charge (SoC), battery state of health (capcity fade determination, SoH), and state of function (power fade determination, SoF). In a series of two papers, we propose a system of algorithms based on a weighted recursive least quadratic squares parameter estimator, that is able to determine the battery impedance and diffusion parameters for accurate state estimation. The functionality was proven on different battery chemistries with different aging conditions. The first paper investigates the general requirements on BMS for HEV/EV applications. In parallel, the commonly used methods for battery monitoring are reviewed to elaborate their strength and weaknesses in terms of the identified requirements for on-line applications. Special emphasis will be placed on real-time capability and memory optimized code for cost-sensitive industrial or automotive applications in which low-cost microcontrollers must be used. Therefore, a battery model is presented which includes the influence of the Butler-Volmer kinetics on the charge-transfer process. Lastly, the mass transport process inside the battery is modeled in a novel state-space representation.

  10. One-Terminal Fault Location for VSC-HVDC Transmission Lines Based on Principles of Parameter Identification%基于参数识别原理的VSC-HVDC输电线路单端故障定位

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋国兵; 李德坤; 褚旭; 饶菁; 蔡新雷

    2012-01-01

    为保障电压源换流器型直流输电(voltage source converter HVDC,VSC-HVDC)系统的可靠运行,提出一种基于参数识别原理的VSC-HVDC输电线路单端故障定位方法.由于VSC-HVDC输电线路两端并联大电容,识别故障距离的时候,在0模分量网络中可以把两端的换流站系统等效为电容,通过参数识别的原理列写出包含故障距离和过渡电阻2个未知参数的故障定位时域微分方程,通过最小二乘法优化求解该方程即可得到故障距离和过渡电阻,从而实现故障定位.PSCAD下的仿真结果表明,该方法能够实现VSC-HVDC输电线路的准确故障定位,最大测距误差不超过1%.该方法仅需要单端电气量就能实现准确故障定位,对采样频率的要求不高,理论上不受过渡电阻的影响,可以满足VSC-HVDC输电线路故障测距的要求.%To ensure reliable operation of voltage source converter HVDC (VSC-HVDC) transmission system, a one-terminal fault location method for VSC-HVDC transmission line is proposed. Because high-capacity capacitors are connected to both ends of VSC-HVDC transmission line, so during the fault location the converter station systems at both ends of VSC-HVDC transmission line can be equivalent to capacitors in the network of zero-mode component, and by means of the principle of parameter identification the differential equations in time-domain, which contains two unknown parameters of fault distance and transition resistance, can be listed, and solving this equation by least square optimization both fault distance and transition resistance can be attained, thus the fault location is implemented. The proposed method only needs single end electric quantities and is undemanding to sampling frequency, besides, theoretically this method is not affected by transition resistance, so it can meet the demand on fault location for VSC-HVDC transmission lines. Results of PSCAD simulation show that the proposed method can implement

  11. 矢量控制感应电动机参数离线辨识仿真研究%Simulation research on off-line parameter identification for vector control induction motor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊生文; 丁茂起; 李正熙

    2012-01-01

    基于感应电动机T型等效电路,提出了一种矢量控制感应电动机参数离线辨识的方法。通过在矢量控制环节进行相应控制,依次给感应电动机施加直流电压、高频交流电压和低频交流电压并检测定子电流,辨识出定子电阻、转子电阻、定子漏电感、转子漏电感和激磁电感参数。Matlab仿真试验结果证实了该方法的有效性。%Based on the T equivalent circuit of induction motor, this paper presents an off-line param- eter identification method for vector control induction motor. Some motor parameters such as stator re- sistance, rotor resistance, leakage inductance and magnetizing inductance can be identified in vector control links according to the corresponding control, including exerting DC voltage, high and low fre- quency AC voltages to the induction motor, and detecting the stator current. Matlab simulation results show the effectiveness of the method.

  12. Off-line Parameter Identification of Induction Motor Based on Filtering Algorithm%基于滤波算法的感应电动机参数离线辨识

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张虎; 孙天硕

    2016-01-01

    Identification of induction motor parameters is an important research topic in the field of motor control. In order to establish the mathematical model of the control system and to achieve optimal control of the motor, it is an important prerequisite to obtain motor parameters of high quality. Firstly it analysed the equivalent circuit of induction motor. Secondly it grasped the characteristics of current lag which was produced by induction motor itself. And according to the traditional method of motor parameter identification,it respectively conducted the improved single-phase AC test,DC test and three-phase AC test. Lastly through the filtering calculation,we could get the single-phase stator resistance,stator inductance,mutual inductance and rotor resistance of motor. The Matlab simulation and experiment verify the accuracy of the off-line identification technology.%感应电机的参数辨识是电机控制领域的一个重要课题,获取高质量的电机参数是构建控制系统数学模型、实现电机最优控制的重要前提。在对感应电机的等效电路进行再分析后,抓住感应电机自身电流滞后的特点,在传统电机参数辨识方法的基础上,分别进行了改进的单相交流实验、直流实验和三相交流实验,通过滤波计算,依次获取电机定子电阻、定子电感、定转子互感和转子电阻,并通过Matlab仿真和实验,验证了该离线辨识技术的准确性。

  13. Research of foot parameters measurement based on line structured light and plantar scanning%基于线结构光和足底扫描的足部参数测量研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李新华; 程涛军; 马春; 孙南; 王俊青

    2013-01-01

    针对现有足部轮廓三维重构方法精度低,鲁棒性差,成本昂贵且不符合实际足部生物力学研究要求等问题,设计了一种利用光学测量技术实现无接触式足部参数测量的系统。该系统一方面通过对足底扫描图像处理,构建足底轮廓点云,分割足底压力区域,计算足底相关参数;另一方面利用线结构光技术,重构足面轮廓,将足底轮廓点云与足面轮廓点云在系统规定世界坐标系内融合,形成完整足部轮廓点云,根据定义计算足部围度等足部系列参数。通过搭建相应硬件平台对多组人体足部进行测量,实验结果表明系统能够快速、精确地完成足部三维重构,具有很好的鲁棒性。%Since the existing methods of human foot outline three-dimensional reconstruction have the problems of low accuracy, poor robustness, high cost, and do not meet the actual requirements of the foot biomechanics research etc, a foot parameter measure-ment system which uses optical measurement technology and realizes non-contact measurement has been designed. On one hand, the system uses plantar scanning technology to construct the point cloud of plantar, segments plantar pressure area, and calculates the relevant parameters of plantar; on the other hand, the system uses line structured light to scan the foot surface to construct point cloud of foot surface, fuses into a whole foot contour point cloud, and finally, the system measures the series of foot param-eters according to the definition of foot biomechanics. By the construction of the corresponding hardware platform, the measure-ments of multiple groups of foot are made, and the experimental results show that the system can finish foot 3D reconstruction quickly and accurately while has good robustness.

  14. Analysis of Combining Ability and Hereditary Parameter of Major Characters in 7 Corn Inbred Lines%7个玉米自交系主要性状的配合力及遗传参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    施开鸿; 郭其茂; 黄玉莲

    2001-01-01

    本文按双列杂交法(D4)分析了7个自交系的生育期、株高、穗位、穗长、穗粗、穗行数、行粒数、秃尖长、百粒重、出籽率、单株子粒重11个性状的GCA、SCA及遗传参数。结果表明:8个性状主要受加性基因效应控制,非加性基因效应作用较少。8112、1302、掖107在我市表现较好,是有利用价值的亲本。8112×1302、8112×岩自38、掖107×86-11、1302×掖107等组合,可在我市示范种植。%The general combining ability (GCA),special combining ability(SCA)and hereditary parameter of ll characters which are growth duration,plant hight,hight from ground to ear,ear length,ear thickness,ear rows,row grains,bald tip lenght, weight of hundred grains,ration of grain weight to ear weight,grain weight per plant in 7 inbred lines of corn are analysed based on diallel set of crosses (D4).The result shows those characters are majorly controlled by the effects of additive gene with less actions of non-additive gene effects.3112,1302,Yue 107 are useful parents for their better performance in GCA of those characters in Longyan City.Combines 8112×1302,8112×Yan Zi 36,Yue 107×86-11,1302×Yue 107 may be cultivated as demonstration in this city.

  15. Parameter Estimation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    of optimisation techniques coupled with dynamic solution of the underlying model. Linear and nonlinear approaches to parameter estimation are investigated. There is also the application of maximum likelihood principles in the estimation of parameters, as well as the use of orthogonal collocation to generate a set......In this chapter the importance of parameter estimation in model development is illustrated through various applications related to reaction systems. In particular, rate constants in a reaction system are obtained through parameter estimation methods. These approaches often require the application...... of algebraic equations as the basis for parameter estimation.These approaches are illustrated using estimations of kinetic constants from reaction system models....

  16. Measure Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Crissman, Sally

    2011-01-01

    One tool for enhancing students' work with data in the science classroom is the measure line. As a coteacher and curriculum developer for The Inquiry Project, the author has seen how measure lines--a number line in which the numbers refer to units of measure--help students not only represent data but also analyze it in ways that generate…

  17. A model for transmission lines through state equations for the effect of frequency on the longitudinal parameters: inclusion and analysis of corona effect; Uma modelagem para linhas de transmissao por meio de equacoes de estado considerando o efeito da frequencia sobre os parametros longitudinais: inclusao e analise do efeito corona

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Costa, E.C.M.; Wedy, G.F.; Kurokawa, S.; Prado, A.J.; Bovolato, L.F. [Universidade Estadual Paulista Julio de Mesquita Filho (UNESP), Ilha Solteira (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica. Depto. de Engenharia Eletrica], e-mail: kurokawa@dee.feis.unesp.br; Pissolato, J. [Universidade Estadual de Campinas (UNICAMP), SP (Brazil). Fac. de Engenharia Eletrica e de Computacao. Depto. de Sistemas e Controle de Energia], email: pisso@dsce.fee.unicamp.br

    2009-07-01

    This paper proposes the inclusion of corona effect on modeling of transmission lines taking into account the effect of frequency on the longitudinal parameters. This paper aims to present a model with acceptable accuracy and easy to implement in the simulation of transients due to corona. To modelling the effect corona is used the Skilling-Umoto model and to reproduce the distributed nature of the line parameters is applied cascade circuits {pi}. The differential equations that represent the electromagnetic transients along the line are presented in state of space and solved using the trapezoidal numerical integration method (trapezoidal rule). The line parameters, obtained using Bessel equations and Carson's infinite series, are reproduced in an approximate way through a rational function F {omega} and then inserted into the cascade circuit {pi}. Finally, simulations are carried out using constant parameters and variable depending on the frequency with scope to check and measure the differences between the methodologies. This work also presents a comparison between data obtained through simulation and empirical data.

  18. A rootstock provides water conservation for a grafted commercial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L.) line in response to mild-drought conditions: a focus on vegetative growth and photosynthetic parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nilsen, Erik T; Freeman, Joshua; Grene, Ruth; Tokuhisa, James

    2014-01-01

    The development of water stress resistant lines of commercial tomato by breeding or genetic engineering is possible, but will take considerable time before commercial varieties are available for production. However, grafting commercial tomato lines on drought resistant rootstock may produce drought tolerant commercial tomato lines much more rapidly. Due to changing climates and the need for commercial production of vegetables in low quality fields there is an urgent need for stress tolerant commercial lines of vegetables such as tomato. In previous observations we identified a scion root stock combination ('BHN 602' scion grafted onto 'Jjak Kkung' rootstock hereafter identified as 602/Jjak) that had a qualitative drought-tolerance phenotype when compared to the non-grafted line. Based on this initial observation, we studied photosynthesis and vegetative above-ground growth during mild-drought for the 602/Jjak compared with another scion-rootstock combination ('BHN 602' scion grafted onto 'Cheong Gang' rootstock hereafter identified as 602/Cheong) and a non-grafted control. Overall above ground vegetative growth was significantly lower for 602/Jjak in comparison to the other plant lines. Moreover, water potential reduction in response to mild drought was significantly less for 602/Jjak, yet stomatal conductance of all plant-lines were equally inhibited by mild-drought. Light saturated photosynthesis of 602/Jjak was less affected by low water potential than the other two lines as was the % reduction in mesophyll conductance. Therefore, the Jjak Kkung rootstock caused aboveground growth reduction, water conservation and increased photosynthetic tolerance of mild drought. These data show that different rootstocks can change the photosynthetic responses to drought of a high yielding, commercial tomato line. Also, this rapid discovery of one scion-rootstock combination that provided mild-drought tolerance suggests that screening more scion-rootstock combination for

  19. A rootstock provides water conservation for a grafted commercial tomato (Solanum lycopersicum L. line in response to mild-drought conditions: a focus on vegetative growth and photosynthetic parameters.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Erik T Nilsen

    Full Text Available The development of water stress resistant lines of commercial tomato by breeding or genetic engineering is possible, but will take considerable time before commercial varieties are available for production. However, grafting commercial tomato lines on drought resistant rootstock may produce drought tolerant commercial tomato lines much more rapidly. Due to changing climates and the need for commercial production of vegetables in low quality fields there is an urgent need for stress tolerant commercial lines of vegetables such as tomato. In previous observations we identified a scion root stock combination ('BHN 602' scion grafted onto 'Jjak Kkung' rootstock hereafter identified as 602/Jjak that had a qualitative drought-tolerance phenotype when compared to the non-grafted line. Based on this initial observation, we studied photosynthesis and vegetative above-ground growth during mild-drought for the 602/Jjak compared with another scion-rootstock combination ('BHN 602' scion grafted onto 'Cheong Gang' rootstock hereafter identified as 602/Cheong and a non-grafted control. Overall above ground vegetative growth was significantly lower for 602/Jjak in comparison to the other plant lines. Moreover, water potential reduction in response to mild drought was significantly less for 602/Jjak, yet stomatal conductance of all plant-lines were equally inhibited by mild-drought. Light saturated photosynthesis of 602/Jjak was less affected by low water potential than the other two lines as was the % reduction in mesophyll conductance. Therefore, the Jjak Kkung rootstock caused aboveground growth reduction, water conservation and increased photosynthetic tolerance of mild drought. These data show that different rootstocks can change the photosynthetic responses to drought of a high yielding, commercial tomato line. Also, this rapid discovery of one scion-rootstock combination that provided mild-drought tolerance suggests that screening more scion

  20. Articulatory Parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ladefoged, Peter

    1980-01-01

    Summarizes the 16 parameters hypothesized to be necessary and sufficient for linguistic phonetic specifications. Suggests seven parameters affecting tongue shapes, three determining the positions of the lips, one controlling the position of the velum, four varying laryngeal actions, and one controlling respiratory activity. (RL)

  1. Parameter Estimation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sales-Cruz, Mauricio; Heitzig, Martina; Cameron, Ian;

    2011-01-01

    of optimisation techniques coupled with dynamic solution of the underlying model. Linear and nonlinear approaches to parameter estimation are investigated. There is also the application of maximum likelihood principles in the estimation of parameters, as well as the use of orthogonal collocation to generate a set...

  2. Inventory parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Sharma, Sanjay

    2017-01-01

    This book provides a detailed overview of various parameters/factors involved in inventory analysis. It especially focuses on the assessment and modeling of basic inventory parameters, namely demand, procurement cost, cycle time, ordering cost, inventory carrying cost, inventory stock, stock out level, and stock out cost. In the context of economic lot size, it provides equations related to the optimum values. It also discusses why the optimum lot size and optimum total relevant cost are considered to be key decision variables, and uses numerous examples to explain each of these inventory parameters separately. Lastly, it provides detailed information on parameter estimation for different sectors/products. Written in a simple and lucid style, it offers a valuable resource for a broad readership, especially Master of Business Administration (MBA) students.

  3. High Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2015-01-01

    At just over 10 meters above street level, the High Line extends three kilometers through three districts of Southwestern Manhattan in New York. It consists of simple steel construction, and previously served as an elevated rail line connection between Penn Station on 34th Street and the many....... The High Line project has been carried out as part of an open conversion strategy. The result is a remarkable urban architectural project, which works as a catalyst for the urban development of Western Manhattan. The greater project includes the restoration and reuse of many old industrial buildings...... in close proximity to the park bridge and new projects being added to fit the context. The outcome is a conglomeration of non-contemporary urban activities along the High Line, where mechanical workshops, small wholesale stores. etc. mix with new exclusive residential buildings, eminent cafés...

  4. High Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kiib, Hans

    2015-01-01

    in close proximity to the park bridge and new projects being added to fit the context. The outcome is a conglomeration of non-contemporary urban activities along the High Line, where mechanical workshops, small wholesale stores. etc. mix with new exclusive residential buildings, eminent cafés......At just over 10 meters above street level, the High Line extends three kilometers through three districts of Southwestern Manhattan in New York. It consists of simple steel construction, and previously served as an elevated rail line connection between Penn Station on 34th Street and the many...... factories and warehouses on Gansevoort Street. Today the High Line is a beautiful park covered with new tiles, viewing platforms and smaller recreational areas. The park bridge has simple, uniform, urban fittings and features a variety of flowering plants, grasses, shrubs and trees from around the world...

  5. Spectroscopic Parameters for Ozone and its Isotopes: Current Status, Prospects for Improvement, and the Identification of 16O16O17O and O-16O-16O-17 and O-16O-17O-16 Lines in Infrared Ground-Based and Stratospheric Solar Absorption Spectra

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rinsland, C. P.; Flaud, J.-M.; Goldman, A.; Perrin, A.; Camy-Peyret, C.; Smith, M. A. H.; Devi, V. Malathy; Benner, D. C.; Barbe, A.; Stephens, T. M.; hide

    1998-01-01

    We describe the updates to the spectroscopic parameters of ozone and its isotopes in the 1996 HITRAN compilation. Recent published studies not included in HITRAN are also summarized. Finally, we report the identification of infrared lines of the v(sub 3) bands of O-16O-16O-17 and O-16O-17O-16 in high-resolution solar spectra recorded by stratospheric balloon-borne and ground-based Fourier transform spectrometers.

  6. 电网输电线路工频参数测量系统的研究%STUDY ON MEASURING SYSTEM FOR POWER FREQUENCY PARAMETERS OF POWER TRANSMISSION LINE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    梁志瑞; 杨子强; 李鹏; 律方成; 李宝树

    2001-01-01

    In China the traditional measuring instruments and methods are still being used to measure the power frequency parameter of high voltage power transmission network. These instruments and methods have shortcomings such as the non-linearity of transformation ratio and the errors caused by harmonics, etc. To correct these shortcomings some new methods for power frequency parameter measurement, e. g., susceptance measurement based on lumped parameter model, susceptance measurement based on distributed parameter model, the correction of transformation ratio, etc., are thoroughly researched and a microprocessor based intelligent measuring system is developed. In this paper the basic principle of this measuring system and the block diagrams of its hardware and software are given. Test results show that this measuring system is practicable and this system is recommended to be applied in Hebei electric power system.%国内传统的电网高压输电线路工频参数测量工具及测量方法存在许多问题及缺点,如变比的非线性及谐波影响带来的误差,测量电容时线路尾部电压难以测得等。针对这些问题研制了微机化测量系统,使输电线路工频参数的测量变得简单易行。

  7. Similarity law for Widom lines and coexistence lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Banuti, D. T.; Raju, M.; Ihme, M.

    2017-05-01

    The coexistence line of a fluid separates liquid and gaseous states at subcritical pressures, ending at the critical point. Only recently, it became clear that the supercritical state space can likewise be divided into regions with liquidlike and gaslike properties, separated by an extension to the coexistence line. This crossover line is commonly referred to as the Widom line, and is characterized by large changes in density or enthalpy, manifesting as maxima in the thermodynamic response functions. Thus, a reliable representation of the coexistence line and the Widom line is important for sub- and supercritical applications that depend on an accurate prediction of fluid properties. While it is known for subcritical pressures that nondimensionalization with the respective species critical pressures pcr and temperatures Tcr only collapses coexistence line data for simple fluids, this approach is used for Widom lines of all fluids. However, we show here that the Widom line does not adhere to the corresponding states principle, but instead to the extended corresponding states principle. We resolve this problem in two steps. First, we propose a Widom line functional based on the Clapeyron equation and derive an analytical, species specific expression for the only parameter from the Soave-Redlich-Kwong equation of state. This parameter is a function of the acentric factor ω and compares well with experimental data. Second, we introduce the scaled reduced pressure pr* to replace the previously used reduced pressure pr=p /pcr . We show that pr* is a function of the acentric factor only and can thus be readily determined from fluid property tables. It collapses both subcritical coexistence line and supercritical Widom line data over a wide range of species with acentric factors ranging from -0.38 (helium) to 0.34 (water), including alkanes up to n-hexane. By using pr*, the extended corresponding states principle can be applied within corresponding states principle

  8. Collision-induced line parameters for the (2 ← 0) overtone band of HCl (1.76 μm) in binary mixtures with H2 and CH4

    Science.gov (United States)

    Domanskaya, Alexandra V.; Li, Gang; Tran, Ha; Gisi, Michael; Ebert, Volker

    2017-09-01

    We present experimental results on pressure broadening and shift coefficients in the first vibrational overtone band of HCl in gaseous mixtures with H2 and CH4 at room temperature. The whole set of collisional parameters for HCl-CH4 is novel. Most of the data for HCl-H2 system is also published for the first time. Our results have a precision of about 2% or better for shifts and below 1% for broadening in the band center.

  9. Supergranular Parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Udayashankar, Paniveni

    2016-07-01

    I study the complexity of supergranular cells using intensity patterns from Kodaikanal solar observatory. The chaotic and turbulent aspect of the solar supergranulation can be studied by examining the interrelationships amongst the parameters characterizing supergranular cells namely size, horizontal flow field, lifetime and physical dimensions of the cells and the fractal dimension deduced from the size data. The findings are supportive of Kolmogorov's theory of turbulence. The Data consists of visually identified supergranular cells, from which a fractal dimension 'D' for supergranulation is obtained according to the relation P α AD/2 where 'A' is the area and 'P' is the perimeter of the supergranular cells. I find a fractal dimension close to about 1.3 which is consistent with that for isobars and suggests a possible turbulent origin. The cell circularity shows a dependence on the perimeter with a peak around (1.1-1.2) x 105 m. The findings are supportive of Kolmogorov's theory of turbulence.

  10. Analysis of structure and operating parameters of typical industrial vacuum transfer line%典型工业减压转油线结构和运行参数分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈建民; 孙玉玲; 姜斌; 秦娅

    2011-01-01

    The transfer line refers to a pipeline connection between furnace and vacuum column in the crude oil distillation unit. A well-designed transfer line can increase the evaporation rate of the feed in the vacuum distillation tower, improve oil product quality and save energy for the vacuum distillation tower. According to the existence of sudden enlargement, diffuser and T-connection, particularly to the connected mode of transition section and the low flow rate section, the typical vacuum transfer lines are divided into A, B type and C type. Using the one-dimensional, two-phase flow model developed on the basis of pressure drop model and the multi-stage flash model, the analysis of axial pressure, temperature, flow rate and evaporation rate of seven industrial transfer lines was made. The results showed that the pressure drop of Type A was the greatest because the transition section merged to the low flow rate section directly. The pressure in the transfer lines of Type B decreased gradually, and its pressure drop was the lowest. The pressure drop of Type C with two-stage enlargement structure decreased sharply twice and its pressure drop was lower.%减压转油线作为原油蒸馏中减压单元的重要组成部分,对于减压装置的稳定操作、减压深拔、改善油品质量和节能意义重大。本文在采集大量工业数据的基础上,按照转油线结构中是否存在突扩、渐扩和三通等,特别是根据过渡段与低速段的连接方式,将典型的减压转油线分为A型、B型和C型。利用基于多级闪蒸模型和压降模型的一维两相流模型对七套工业转油线内压力、温度、流速和汽化率沿转油线轴向的变化情况进行计算。结果表明,A型直插式转油线合流处压力陡降,压降最大;B型渐扩式转油线合流处压力缓慢下降,压降最小;C型二次扩径式结构压力出现两处陡降,压降较小。

  11. 利用过渡电阻参数识别的输电线路永久性故障确认方法%Permanent Fault Identification Method of Transmission Lines Using Transition Resistance Parameter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    索南加乐; 代玲; 宋国兵; 王增超; 仝小虎

    2011-01-01

    为了确定带并联电抗器输电线路单相接地故障后的熄弧时刻,提出了一种永久性故障确认方法。以单相接地故障断路器跳开后含过渡电阻支路的输电线路“型等效模型为参数辨识模型,在故障测距结果已知的情况下,通过计算过渡电阻值区分永久性故障和瞬时性故障。永久性故障情况下,所得过渡电阻值较小,瞬时性故障情况下,所得过渡电阻值很大。利用电力系统电磁暂态仿真计算(alternative transients program,ATP)软件建立线路仿真模型并进行各种故障情况下的仿真,然后通过MATLAB(matrix laborat%We propose a method to identify permanent faults for the transmission lines with shunt reactors. The method uses π type equivalent model (including the transition resistor branch) of single-phase fault that is switched off as the proto type, and di~tinguishes permanent fault from transient fault by calculating the value of transition re- sister. Furthermore, it {s supposed that the result of fault location is known. In the case of permanent fault, the cal- culated value of transition resistor is very low, but for the transient fault, the value ot" transition reslstdr is very high. An alternative transients program (ATPIsimulation software is used to make simu/ation models of transmis- sion lines to emulate transmission line faults in all situations. Then the simulation results are processed through edi- ting MATLAB(matrix laboratory) program, which uses least-square method to calculate the value of transition re- sistor and then draws figures of the results. Through analyzing the figures, we can distinguish permanent fault from transient fault. Compared with traditional criterions, this method is not influenced by non-periodic components and transitidn condition harmonics, etc. Moreover, the severity of the permanent fault can be reflected through calculat- ing the value of transition resistance and the

  12. Magneto-optical studies of the correlation between interface microroughness parameters and the photoluminescence line shape in GaAs/Ga0.7Al0.3As quantum wells

    OpenAIRE

    de Oliveira, JBB; Meneses, EA; da Silva, ECF

    1999-01-01

    In this work we analyze the relation between the interface microroughness and the full width at half maximum (FWHM) of the photoluminescence (PL) spectra for a GaAs/Ga0.7Al0.3As multiple quantum well (QW) system. We show that, in spite of the complex correlation between the microscopic interface-defects parameters and the QW optical properties, the Singh and Bajaj model [Appl. Phys. Lett. 44, 805 (1984)] provides a good quantitative description of the excitonic PL-FWHM. ©1999 The American Phy...

  13. production lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jingshan Li

    2000-01-01

    Full Text Available In this work, serial production lines with finished goods buffers operating in the pull regime are considered. The machines are assumed to obey Bernoulli reliability model. The problem of satisfying customers demand is addressed. The level of demand satisfaction is quantified by the due-time performance (DTP, which is defined as the probability to ship to the customer a required number of parts during a fixed time interval. Within this scenario, the definitions of DTP bottlenecks are introduced and a method for their identification is developed.

  14. Population parameters for resistance to Fusarium graminearum and Fusarium verticillioides ear rot among large sets of early, mid-late and late maturing European maize (Zea mays L.) inbred lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Löffler, Martin; Kessel, Bettina; Ouzunova, Milena; Miedaner, Thomas

    2010-03-01

    Infection of maize ears with Fusarium graminearum (FG) and Fusarium verticillioides (FV) reduces yield and quality by mycotoxin contamination. Breeding and growing varieties resistant to both Fusarium spp. is the best alternative to minimize problems. The objectives of our study were to draw conclusions on breeding for ear rot resistance by estimating variance components, heritabilities and correlations between resistances to FV and FG severity and to investigate different inoculation methods. In 2007 and 2008, three maturity groups (early, mid-late, late) each comprising about 150 inbred lines were tested in Germany, France, Italy, and Hungary according to their maturity group. They were silk channel inoculated by FG (early) and FV (all groups). In the late maturity group, additionally kernel inoculation was applied in a separate trial. The percentage of mycelium coverage on the ear was rated at harvest (0-100%). Significant (P Inoculation was superior to natural infection because of higher disease severities and heritabilities. In early maturing flints and dents, FG caused significantly (P inoculation in Southern Europe (mid-late, late) resulted in similar means between 10.3 and 14.0%. Selection is complicated by significant (P maize material within the existing germplasms is promising by multi-environmental inoculation trials.

  15. by Lifting Line Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Horia Dumitrescu

    1998-01-01

    Full Text Available The vortex model of propellers is modified and applied to the high-speed horizontal axis turbines. The turbine blades are replaced by lifting lines and trailing vortices which shed along the blade span. The model is not a free wake model, but it is still a nonlinear one which should be solved iteratively. In addition to the regular case where the trailing vortices are constrained to distribute along a helical surface, another version, where each trailing vortex sheding from the blade grows as a free helical vortex line, is also included. Performance parameters are calculated by application of the Biot-Savart law along with the Kutta-Joukowski theorem. Predictions are, shown to compare favorably with existing numerical data from more involved free wake methods, but require less computational effort. Thereby, the present method may be a very useful tool for calculating the aerodynamic loads on horizontal-axis wind turbine blades.

  16. A study on the microstructural parameters of Zn {sub (1-x)}La{sub x}Zr{sub x}O nanopowders by X-ray line broadening analysis

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chenari, Hossein Mahmoudi; Moafi, Hadi Fallah; Rezaee, Omid, E-mail: mahmoudi_hossein@guilan.ac.ir, E-mail: hmahmodiph@yahoo.com [Faculty of Science, University of Guilan, Rasht (Iran, Islamic Republic of)

    2016-05-15

    In the present study, the pure and La-Zr co-doped ZnO nanoparticles were prepared by sol-gel technique using zinc acetate dehydrate (Zn(Ac){sub 2} ·{sub 2}H{sub 2} O), lanthanum nitrate hexahydrate (La(NO{sub 3}){sub 3} ·6H{sub 2}O) and zirconium chloride (ZrCl{sub 4} ) as precursor. The structure and morphology of the prepared nanoparticle samples were studied using X-ray diffraction and transmission electron microscopy measurements. X-ray diffraction results indicated that all the samples have crystalline wurtzite phase. TEM showed that powder was polycrystalline in nature with random distribution of the pure and La-Zr doped ZnO nanoparticles. We demonstrate strain-size evaluations for pure and doped ZnO nanoparticles from the x-ray line profile analysis. The microstructural effects of crystalline materials in terms of crystallite sizes and lattice strain on the peak broadening were investigated using Williamson-Hall (W-H) analysis and size- strain plot (SSP) method. The average crystallite size of Zn {sub (1-x)}La{sub x} Zr{sub x} O nanoparticles estimated from the W-H analysis and SSP method varied as the doping concentration increased. The incorporation of Zr{sup 4+} ion in the place of Zn{sup {sub 2}{sub +}} caused an increase in the size of nanocrystals as compared to undoped ZnO. The average particle sizes of co-doped ZnO nanoparticles estimated from the USDM model is in good agreement with the TEM results. (author)

  17. Parallel Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James G. Worner

    2017-05-01

    Full Text Available James Worner is an Australian-based writer and scholar currently pursuing a PhD at the University of Technology Sydney. His research seeks to expose masculinities lost in the shadow of Australia’s Anzac hegemony while exploring new opportunities for contemporary historiography. He is the recipient of the Doctoral Scholarship in Historical Consciousness at the university’s Australian Centre of Public History and will be hosted by the University of Bologna during 2017 on a doctoral research writing scholarship.   ‘Parallel Lines’ is one of a collection of stories, The Shapes of Us, exploring liminal spaces of modern life: class, gender, sexuality, race, religion and education. It looks at lives, like lines, that do not meet but which travel in proximity, simultaneously attracted and repelled. James’ short stories have been published in various journals and anthologies.

  18. Reduction of the visual impact of overhead transmission line systems through utilisation of line surge arresters as lightning protection

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Thomas Kjærsgaard; Holbøll, Joachim

    2008-01-01

    in line performance and lightning protection of the nearest substations requires thorough modelling of the new line including all electrical parameters necessary for performance evaluation under all conditions. In this paper, explicit use of line surge arresters as lightning protection on the line...... of the line and the required protection level in substations. The use of line surge arresters gives the possibility to decrease the height of towers thereby improving the visual impression of the overhead line transmission systems. However the usage of line surge arresters will, dependent upon line surge...

  19. PLASTIC LIMIT ANALYSIS OF DISCONTINUOUS LINING UNDERGROUND PRESSURE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龙春安

    1999-01-01

    Discontinuous lining is a special form of support in underground excavation. Based on the method of plastic limit analysis, it is found the upper and the lower bound solution of the pressure of circular discontinuous lining and discussed support parameter of discontinuous lining and its applicable conditions, which provides theoretical basis for the design and calculation of discontinuous lining.

  20. Transmission of Electric Energy Along Long Lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berzan V.P.

    2009-08-01

    Full Text Available Transmission of electric energy along long lines is examined and characteristics of the change of capacities at the beginning and at the end of a line are submitted: factor of capacity, efficiency of a transmission line, currents depending on length, parameters of a line and parameters of loading. Influence of losses upon the dynamics of instant values of voltages and currents in the opened and short-circuited long lines is investigated and effects of nonlinearity in such chains are revealed at a power supply from a sinusoidal source of voltage. It is shown, that the method of complex amplitudes is not always applicable for the calculation of modes in long lines.

  1. Chemical heterogeneity of tomato inbred lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tepić Aleksandra N.

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Compositional characteristics of seven lines of tomatoes have been determined. The following parameters were evaluated: dry matter, acidity (citric acid equivalent, Ca-pectate, ash, cellulose, sugars (total, reducing sugars, sucrose, mineral substances (N, P, K, Ca, Na, surface color and carotenoid content. From a compositional viewpoint, there were no significant differences between lines, but in cellulose, sucrose, mineral substances, carotenoid content, and surface colour parameters, a*, b*, L and h°. .

  2. Obtención de parámetros para el análisis de la ferrorresonancia periódica en líneas de distribución; Obtaining of parameters for the analysis of the periodic ferrorresonance in distribution line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orestes Hernández Areu

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available La tendencia mundial actual es incrementar la tensión de los circuitos de distribución a los niveles habitualmente empleados en las líneas de subtrasmisión. Esto se hace para evitar los costos de una etapa más de transformación y las pérdidas de energía inherentes a estas. En estos casos, las distancias entre la subestación y los transformadores de distribución aumentan considerablemente, teniendo como inconveniente que, por la extensión de sus líneas, los valores capacitivos que estas alcanzan pueden provocar la resonancia magnética con los transformadores ante una operación de apertura o cierre monopolar de desconectivos o ante cualquier fenómeno desencadenante de la ferrorresonancia. Se presenta un estudio realizado para obtener los parámetros necesarios para predecir de forma analítica, la posibilidad de ferrorresonancia periódica en circuitos de distribución a partir del tipo de estructura, conductor, longitud de línea, configuración y parámetros de vacío de los transformadores empleados.  The worldwide present-day tendency is to increment the voltage of distribution circuits to the levels habitually used in the lines of sub-transmission. This is done to avoid the costs of another transformation stage and the inherent energy losses. In these cases, the distances between the substation and distribution transformers increase considerably, having the inconvenience that, for the extension of this lines, the capacitive values that these attain can provoke the magnetic resonance with transformers due to a single-pole opening or closing operation of brakers or any phenomenon that provoke ferrorresonnance. A study to obtain the necessary parameters to predict of analytical form, periodic ferrorresonance possibility in distribution circuits as from the kind of structure, conductor, length of line, configuration and no load parameters of the employed transformers, is presented.

  3. Obtención de parámetros para el análisis de la ferrorresonancia periódica en líneas de distribución ;Obtaining of parameters for the analysis of the periodic ferrorresonance in distribution lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Orestes Hernández Areu

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available La tendencia mundial actual es incrementar la tensión de los circuitos de distribución a los niveles habitualmente empleados en las líneas de subtrasmisión. Esto se hace para evitar los costos de una etapa más de transformación y las pérdidas de energía inherentes a estas. En estos casos, las distancias entre la subestación y los transformadores de distribución aumentan considerablemente, teniendo como inconveniente que, por la extensión de sus líneas, los valores capacitivos que estas alcanzan pueden provocar la resonancia magnética con los transformadores ante una operación de apertura o cierre monopolar de desconectivos o ante cualquier fenómeno desencadenante de la ferrorresonancia. Se presenta un estudio realizado para obtener los parámetros necesarios para predecir de forma analítica, la posibilidad de ferrorresonancia periódica en circuitos de distribución a partir del tipo de estructura, conductor, longitud de línea, configuración y parámetros de vacío de los transformadores empleados. The worldwide present-day tendency is to increment the voltage of distribution circuits to the levels habitually used in the lines of sub-transmission. This is done to avoid the costs of another transformation stage and the inherent energy losses. In these cases, the distances between the substation and distribution transformers increase considerably, having the inconvenience that, for the extension of this lines, the capacitive values that these attain can provoke the magnetic resonance with transformers due to a single-pole opening or closing operation of brakers or any phenomenon that provoke ferrorresonnance. A study to obtain the necessary parameters to predict of analytical form, periodic ferrorresonance possibility in distribution circuits as from the kind of structure, conductor, length of line, configuration and no load parameters of the employed transformers, is presented.

  4. STUDY OF DISTRIBUTION LAW OF WATER PRESSURE ACTING ON COMPOSITE LINING AND REASONABLE PARAMETERS OF GROUTING CIRCLE FOR SUBSEA TUNNEL%海底隧道复合衬砌水压力分布规律及合理注浆加固圈参数研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李鹏飞; 张顶立; 赵勇; 张成平

    2012-01-01

    与普通山岭隧道不同,海底隧道深埋于海床之下,地下水的处理是其修建过程中的关键问题,而隧道渗水量控制及衬砌结构水荷载确定又是地下水处理的核心问题.采用“堵水限排”的设计理念,设计海底隧道复合衬砌结构防排水系统,可以实现以较小的排放量明显折减甚至消除作用在支护结构上的外水压力,使海底隧道衬砌结构设计更经济.基于地下水水力学理论,推导海底隧道渗水量和复合衬砌结构外水压力的计算方法,并结合厦门海底隧道工程实践,采用理论分析和数值模拟方法揭示初期支护、二次衬砌以及注浆加固圈等参数的变化对隧道渗水量和衬砌外水压力的影响规律.在此基础上,提出海底隧道复合衬砌合理注浆加固圈参数的确定方法,并在厦门翔安海底隧道穿越F4风化深槽的合理注浆加固圈参数设计中取得成功应用.研究结果可为海底隧道或富水区高水头山岭隧道工程的防排水系统设计提供借鉴和参考.%Different from land tunnels, the subsea tunnels are located deeply under the sea, so the groundwater treatment is the key issue during tunnel construction. Simultaneously, water inflow control and calculation of water load acting on lining structure are the core issues. The external water pressure on lining will be reduced remarkably with low discharge by adopting the design discipline of blocking groundwater and limiting discharge. So the design of lining structure in subsea tunnels is more economical. Based on the correlation theory of groundwater hydraulics, a calculation methods of water load acting on composite lining and water inflow in subsea tunnels is derived. Taking Xiang'an subsea tunnel in Xiamen for example, the influences of variable parameters of primary support, secondary support and grouting circle on water inflow and external water pressure are then expounded by using theoretical analysis and numerical

  5. Sensorless Control Technique of PMSG for Wind Power Application Based on On-line Parameter Identification%基于参数在线辨识的永磁风力发电机无位置传感器控制技术

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    年珩; 李嘉文; 万中奇

    2012-01-01

    提出一种基于无位置传感器及电机参数在线辨识的永磁同步风力发电机控制策略。通过建立永磁同步发电机的扩展反电势数学模型,推导出基于锁相环技术的转子位置自检测控制模型。为消除发电机参数时变性对转子位置观测精度的影响,建立了基于递归最小二乘法的电机参数辨识模型,对永磁风力发电机的d、q轴电感进行实时在线辨识,并将实时辨识得到的电机参数应用于发电机转子位置观测和转子磁场定向矢量控制中。建立了一套2kW的永磁风力发电机实验机组,对所提控制策略的有效性和可行性进行了实验验证。%A novel position sensorless control strategy integrated with the on-line parameter identification for a permanent magnet synchronous generator(PMSG) applied to wind power generation was proposed in the paper.Based on PMSG mathematic model,the phase-locked loop technique was used to detect the rotor position.Considering that the position detection accuracy was influenced by the generator parameter variation,the recursive least square algorithm was adapted for PMSG inductance parameters identification.Then,the rotor position and PMSG parameters obtained based on the proposed method were used in the rotor-flux oriented vector control of PMSG for wind power generation system.Experiment on a 2 kW PMSG-based prototype demonstrates that the proposed method is effective and is capable of achieving more accurate control than the generation system without parameter identification.

  6. Assembly-line Simulation Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chamberlain, Robert G.; Zendejas, Silvino; Malhotra, Shan

    1987-01-01

    Costs and profits estimated for models based on user inputs. Standard Assembly-line Manufacturing Industry Simulation (SAMIS) program generalized so useful for production-line manufacturing companies. Provides accurate and reliable means of comparing alternative manufacturing processes. Used to assess impact of changes in financial parameters as cost of resources and services, inflation rates, interest rates, tax policies, and required rate of return of equity. Most important capability is ability to estimate prices manufacturer would have to receive for its products to recover all of costs of production and make specified profit. Written in TURBO PASCAL.

  7. ALFA: an automated line fitting algorithm

    CERN Document Server

    Wesson, Roger

    2015-01-01

    I present the Automated Line Fitting Algorithm, ALFA, a new code which can fit emission line spectra of arbitrary wavelength coverage and resolution, fully automatically. In contrast to traditional emission line fitting methods which require the identification of spectral features suspected to be emission lines, ALFA instead uses a list of lines which are expected to be present to construct a synthetic spectrum. The parameters used to construct the synthetic spectrum are optimised by means of a genetic algorithm. Uncertainties are estimated using the noise structure of the residuals. An emission line spectrum containing several hundred lines can be fitted in a few seconds using a single processor of a typical contemporary desktop or laptop PC. I show that the results are in excellent agreement with those measured manually for a number of spectra. Where discrepancies exist, the manually measured fluxes are found to be less accurate than those returned by ALFA. Together with the code NEAT (Wesson et al. 2012), ...

  8. Predicted profiles of ultraviolet interstellar absorption lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Welty, D.E.; Hobbs, L.M.; York, D.G. (Chicago, University, IL (USA))

    1991-02-01

    In this paper, values of the column density, line width parameter, and velocity are determined for as many components derived from optical interstellar absorption-line profiles of Na I and K I as needed to reproduce the observed high-resolution optical profiles of the D lines of Na I toward eight lightly reddened stars and of the 7698 A line of K I toward six moderately reddened stars. The derived component structures are then used to predict UV absorption-line profiles due to C I, Mg I, S I, Si I, and Fe I along the same lines of sight. Comparison of the predicted profiles with existing lower resolution line profiles and equivalent width data suggests that this simple scaling procedure can in many cases fairly reliably predict the UV profiles from the observed optical ones. 64 refs.

  9. Central line infections - hospitals

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... infection; Central venous catheter - infection; CVC - infection; Central venous device - infection; Infection control - central line infection; Nosocomial infection - central line infection; Hospital acquired ...

  10. ac transmission line field measurements

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kotter, F.R.; Misakian, M.

    1977-11-01

    The concern in recent years over the environmental effects of electric and magnetic fields from high voltage transmission lines has also focused attention on the accuracy of measurements of these fields. Electric field meters are discussed in terms of theory of operation, parameters affecting performance, meter performance under field and laboratory conditions, and calibration procedures. The performance and calibration of magnetic field meters is described. (LCL)

  11. The line emissions and polarization in blazars

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    The correlations between broad-line emission,polarization,and core-dominance parameters are investigated for a sample of 148 blazars(BL Lacertae objects-BLs and flat spectrum radio quasars-FSRQs). An anti-correlation between the broad-line luminosity and the linear polarization is found. The broad-line and polarization relation can be explained by using a relativistic beaming model,which perhaps suggests that BL Lacs and FSRQs are a single class. We also investigated the relation between the ratio of the broad-line luminosity to the Eddington luminosity and linear polarization,and that between the ratio of the broad-line luminosity to the Eddington luminosity and the core-dominance parameter.

  12. CORA: Emission Line Fitting with Maximum Likelihood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ness, Jan-Uwe; Wichmann, Rainer

    2011-12-01

    CORA analyzes emission line spectra with low count numbers and fits them to a line using the maximum likelihood technique. CORA uses a rigorous application of Poisson statistics. From the assumption of Poissonian noise, the software derives the probability for a model of the emission line spectrum to represent the measured spectrum. The likelihood function is used as a criterion for optimizing the parameters of the theoretical spectrum and a fixed point equation is derived allowing an efficient way to obtain line fluxes. CORA has been applied to an X-ray spectrum with the Low Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (LETGS) on board the Chandra observatory.

  13. Discontinuity effects on radial cavity transmission lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Seidel, D.B.

    1979-04-01

    Pulse propagation in radial cavity transmission lines such as those found on a radial line accelerator is considered. Specifically, the effects of discontinuities along the line are examined in detail. It is found that previous analyses of such effects have been incorrect, and here two alternate solution techniques are presented. Depending upon the parameters of such a radial line, the discontinuity effects considered here may or may not be significant; however, if they are significant, it is recommended that the alternate solution techniques presented here be used.

  14. Stability of the LHC transfer lines

    CERN Document Server

    Kain, V; Bartmann, W; Bracco, C; Goddard, B; Meddahi, M; Uythoven, J; Wenninger, J

    2011-01-01

    The LHC is filled from the SPS through two 3 km transfer lines. The injected beam parameters need to be well under control for luminosity performance, machine protection and operational efficiency. Small fractions of beam loss on the transfer line collimation system create showers which can trigger the sensitive LHC beam loss monitor system nearby and cause a beam abort during filling. The stability of the transfer line trajectory through the collimators is particularly critical in this respect. This paper will report on the transfer line trajectory stability during the proton run in 2011, correlations with injection losses, correction frequency and the most likely sources for the observed oscillations.

  15. The Last Line Effect

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beller, M.; Zaidman, A.E.; Karpov, A.

    2015-01-01

    Micro-clones are tiny duplicated pieces of code; they typically comprise only a few statements or lines. In this paper, we expose the “last line effect,” the phenomenon that the last line or statement in a micro-clone is much more likely to contain an error than the previous lines or statements. We

  16. The Language of Lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Breig-Allen, Cheryl; Hill, Janet; Geismar-Ryan, Lori; Cadwell, Louise Boyd

    1998-01-01

    Describes a project about lines in the environment used with 2- and 3-year olds and based on the Reggio Emilia approach. Activities included making tracks with riding toys, drawing lines on papers, seeing cloud lines, and making lines with yarn and Cuisenaire rods. Shows how young children's observations and ongoing discoveries can uncover their…

  17. Lumped-parameter models

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, M.

    2006-12-15

    A lumped-parameter model represents the frequency dependent soil-structure interaction of a massless foundation placed on or embedded into an unbounded soil domain. In this technical report the steps of establishing a lumped-parameter model are presented. Following sections are included in this report: Static and dynamic formulation, Simple lumped-parameter models and Advanced lumped-parameter models. (au)

  18. Lines of Blaschko.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolognia, J L; Orlow, S J; Glick, S A

    1994-08-01

    The lines of Blaschko represent a pattern followed by many skin disorders. We review the clinical and histologic features of X-linked, congenital/nevoid, and acquired skin diseases that follow these lines. We also include cutaneous disorders that have a linear distribution but do not follow Blaschko's lines. Finally, we differentiate Blaschko's lines from other patterns on the skin such as dermatomes and Langer's lines.

  19. Redefining solubility parameters: the partial solvation parameters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Panayiotou, Costas

    2012-03-21

    The present work reconsiders a classical and universally accepted concept of physical chemistry, the solubility parameter. Based on the insight derived from modern quantum chemical calculations, a new definition of solubility parameter is proposed, which overcomes some of the inherent restrictions of the original definition and expands its range of applications. The original single solubility parameter is replaced by four partial solvation parameters reflecting the dispersion, the polar, the acidic and the basic character of the chemical compounds as expressed either in their pure state or in mixtures. Simple rules are adopted for the definition and calculation of these four parameters and their values are tabulated for a variety of common substances. In contrast, however, to the well known Hansen solubility parameters, their design and evaluation does not rely exclusively on the basic rule of "similarity matching" for solubility but it makes also use of the other basic rule of compatibility, namely, the rule of "complementarity matching". This complementarity matching becomes particularly operational with the sound definition of the acidic and basic components of the solvation parameter based on the third σ-moments of the screening charge distributions of the quantum mechanics-based COSMO-RS theory. The new definitions are made in a simple and straightforward manner, thus, preserving the strength and appeal of solubility parameter stemming from its simplicity. The new predictive method has been applied to a variety of solubility data for systems of pharmaceuticals and polymers. The results from quantum mechanics calculations are critically compared with the results from Abraham's acid/base descriptors.

  20. Magnetic Splitting of Molecular Lines in Sunspot

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berdyugina, S. V.; Frutiger, C.; Solanki, S. K.

    A study of molecular lines in sunspots is of particular interest because of their high temperature and pressure sensitivity. Many of them are also magnetically sensitive, but this was not yet widely investigated. With high-resolution, high signal-to-noise Fourier spectroscopy in four Stokes parameters now available, the use of molecular lines for studying the structure of sunspots brings real gains. One is the extension of spot models, including magnetic field, up to layers, where atomic lines suffer from NLTE effects but molecules can still be treated in the LTE approximation. Equally important is the fact that since molecular lines are extremely temperature sensitive they can be used to probe the thermal and magnetic structure of the coolest parts of sunspots. We present calculations of splitting and the Stokes parameters for a number of molecular lines in the visible and near-infrared regions. Our first selections are the green system of MgH A2Π-X2σ and the TiO triplet α, γ' and γ systems as the most studied band systems in the sunspot spectrum. The calculations involve different regimes of the molecular Zeeman effect, up to the complete Paschen-Back effect for individual lines. We look for molecular lines which can be used along with atomic lines to derive magnetic, thermal and dynamic properties of the umbra.

  1. Parameter Estimation Using VLA Data

    Science.gov (United States)

    Venter, Willem C.

    are done. This method provides an improvement over the previous method of directly solving the three nonlinear flux density equations when no adjacent pixel information was taken into account. When using the double smoothing technique, results were obtained that were not only physical realizable, but also compared well with previous results obtained from a two dimensional solution of the problem, assuming a constant temperature along the line of sight. To conclude the investigation, an approximate solution was found for the same temperature and optical depth parameters. This solution takes into account approximations that can be made as a result of the physical characteristics of the nebula as well as the results obtained from the previous 2-D study.

  2. VT Electric Transmission Line Corridors - corridor lines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) The ELTRN layer depicts electric transmission line corridors in Vermont. Various methods have been used to digitize features. The data layer...

  3. Peripheral intravenous line (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A peripheral intravenous line is a small, short plastic catheter that is placed through the skin into a vein, ... or foot, but occasionally in the head. A peripheral intravenous line is used to give fluids and ...

  4. Peripheral arterial line (image)

    Science.gov (United States)

    A peripheral arterial line is a small, short plastic catheter placed through the skin into an artery of the arm or leg. The purpose of a peripheral arterial line is to allow continuous monitoring of ...

  5. Straight line feature based image distortion correction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Haofeng; Zhao Chunxia; Lu Jianfeng; Tang Zhenmin; Yang Jingyu

    2008-01-01

    An image distortion correction method is proposed, which uses the straight line features. Many parallel lines of different direction from different images were extracted, and then were used to optimize the distortion parameters by nonlinear least square. The thought of step by step was added when the optimization method working. 3D world coordi-nation is not need to know, and the method is easy to implement. The experiment result shows its high accuracy.

  6. Open Verlinde line operators

    CERN Document Server

    Gaiotto, Davide

    2014-01-01

    We reformulate the action of Verlinde line operators on conformal blocks in a 3d TFT language and extend it to line operators labelled by open paths joining punctures on the Riemann surface. We discuss the possible applications of open Verlinde line operators to quantum Teichm\\"uller theory, supersymmetric gauge theory and quantum groups

  7. Lined canvas paintings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Krarup Andersen, Cecil

    2013-01-01

    and tensile testing samples from the tacking edges as well as lined mock-up samples. The ability of the different lining techniques to support canvas paintings is evaluated in terms of their initial stretching and during fluctuations of relative humidity. Six different combinations of lining adhesives...

  8. Variational Bayesian Inference of Line Spectra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Badiu, Mihai Alin; Hansen, Thomas Lundgaard; Fleury, Bernard Henri

    2017-01-01

    In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of line spectral estimation in a Bayesian framework. We target model order and parameter estimation via variational inference in a probabilistic model in which the frequencies are continuous-valued, i.e., not restricted to a grid; and the coeffici......In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of line spectral estimation in a Bayesian framework. We target model order and parameter estimation via variational inference in a probabilistic model in which the frequencies are continuous-valued, i.e., not restricted to a grid...

  9. Speed-dependent spectral line profile including line narrowing and mixing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kochanov, Victor P.

    2016-07-01

    A line profile model was developed that accounts for all essential underlying physical mechanisms. The model is based on the quantum-mechanical collision integral kernel calculated for intermolecular interaction potentials ∝r-n with n=3…6 where r is the distance between colliding molecules. It was shown that collisions of molecules with scattering on classical small angles flatten the line profile. The relative flattening reaches 10% for n=3 and has a smaller value, ~2%, for n=6 in conditions of inhomogeneous line broadening. An algebraic expression for the line profile was obtained, which allows processing recorded spectra with preliminary estimation and constraint of some of the profile's parameters.

  10. Behavior of the Widom line in critical phenomena.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Luo, Jiayuan; Xu, Limei; Lascaris, Erik; Stanley, H Eugene; Buldyrev, Sergey V

    2014-04-04

    Using linear scaling theory, we study the behavior of response functions extrema in the vicinity of the critical point. We investigate how the speed of convergence of the loci of response function extrema to the Widom line depends on the parameters of the linear scaling theory. We find that when the slope of the coexistence line is near zero, the line of specific heat maxima does not follow the Widom line but instead follows the coexistence line. This has relevance for the detection of liquid-liquid critical points, which can exhibit a near-horizontal coexistence line. Our theoretical predictions are confirmed by computer simulations of a family of spherically symmetric potentials.

  11. The Pulse Line Ion Accelerator Concept

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Briggs, Richard J.

    2006-02-15

    The Pulse Line Ion Accelerator concept was motivated by the desire for an inexpensive way to accelerate intense short pulse heavy ion beams to regimes of interest for studies of High Energy Density Physics and Warm Dense Matter. A pulse power driver applied at one end of a helical pulse line creates a traveling wave pulse that accelerates and axially confines the heavy ion beam pulse. Acceleration scenarios with constant parameter helical lines are described which result in output energies of a single stage much larger than the several hundred kilovolt peak voltages on the line, with a goal of 3-5 MeV/meter acceleration gradients. The concept might be described crudely as an ''air core'' induction linac where the PFN is integrated into the beam line so the accelerating voltage pulse can move along with the ions to get voltage multiplication.

  12. Transmission Line Security Monitor: Final Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    John Svoboda

    2011-04-01

    The Electric Power Transmission Line Security Monitor System Operational Test is a project funded by the Technical Support Working Group (TSWG). TSWG operates under the Combating Terrorism Technical Support Office that functions under the Department of Defense. The Transmission Line Security Monitor System is based on technology developed by Idaho National Laboratory. The technology provides a means for real-time monitoring of physical threats and/or damage to electrical transmission line towers and conductors as well as providing operational parameters to transmission line operators to optimize transmission line operation. The end use is for monitoring long stretches of transmission lines that deliver electrical power from remote generating stations to cities and industry. These transmission lines are generally located in remote transmission line corridors where security infrastructure may not exist. Security and operational sensors in the sensor platform on the conductors take power from the transmission line and relay security and operational information to operations personnel hundreds of miles away without relying on existing infrastructure. Initiated on May 25, 2007, this project resulted in pre-production units tested in realistic operational environments during 2010. A technology licensee, Lindsey Manufacturing of Azusa California, is assisting in design, testing, and ultimately production. The platform was originally designed for a security monitoring mission, but it has been enhanced to include important operational features desired by electrical utilities.

  13. A contrario line segment detection

    CERN Document Server

    von Gioi, Rafael Grompone

    2014-01-01

    The reliable detection of low-level image structures is an old and still challenging problem in computer vision. This?book leads a detailed tour through the LSD algorithm, a line segment detector designed to be fully automatic. Based on the a contrario framework, the algorithm works efficiently without the need of any parameter tuning. The design criteria are thoroughly explained and the algorithm's good and bad results are illustrated on real and synthetic images. The issues involved, as well as the strategies used, are common to many geometrical structure detection problems and some possible

  14. Density Matrix for Mesoscopic Distributed Parameter Circuits

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    JI Ying-Hua; WANG Qi; LUO Hai-Mei; LEI Min-Sheng

    2005-01-01

    Under the Born-von-Karmann periodic boundary condition, we propose a quantization scheme for nondissipative distributed parameter circuits (i.e. a uniform periodic transmission line). We find the unitary operator for diagonalizing the Hamiltonian of the uniform periodic transmission line. The unitary operator is expressed in a coordinate representation that brings convenience to deriving the density matrix p(q, q',β). The quantum fluctuations of charge and current at a definite temperature have been studied. It is shown that quantum fluctuations of distributed parameter circuits, which also have distributed properties, are related to both the circuit parameters and the positions and the mode of signals and temperature T. The higher the temperature is, the stronger quantum noise the circuit exhibits.

  15. Estimating Cosmological Parameter Covariance

    CERN Document Server

    Taylor, Andy

    2014-01-01

    We investigate the bias and error in estimates of the cosmological parameter covariance matrix, due to sampling or modelling the data covariance matrix, for likelihood width and peak scatter estimators. We show that these estimators do not coincide unless the data covariance is exactly known. For sampled data covariances, with Gaussian distributed data and parameters, the parameter covariance matrix estimated from the width of the likelihood has a Wishart distribution, from which we derive the mean and covariance. This mean is biased and we propose an unbiased estimator of the parameter covariance matrix. Comparing our analytic results to a numerical Wishart sampler of the data covariance matrix we find excellent agreement. An accurate ansatz for the mean parameter covariance for the peak scatter estimator is found, and we fit its covariance to our numerical analysis. The mean is again biased and we propose an unbiased estimator for the peak parameter covariance. For sampled data covariances the width estimat...

  16. An improved Hough Transform neighborhood map for straight line segments.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Du, Shengzhi; van Wyk, Barend Jacobus; Tu, Chunling; Zhang, Xinghui

    2010-03-01

    The distance between a straight line and a straight line segment in the image space is proposed in this paper. Based on this distance, the neighborhood of a straight line segment is defined and mapped into the parameter space to obtain the parameter space neighborhood of the straight line segment. The neighborhood mapping between the image space and parameter space is a one to one reversible map. The mapped region in the parameter space is analytically derived and it is proved that it can be efficiently approximated by a quadrangle. The proposed straight line segment neighborhood technique for the HT outperforms conventional straight line neighborhood methods currently used with existing HT variations. In contrast to the straight line neighborhoods used in existing HT variations, the proposed straight line segment neighborhood has several advantages including: 1) the detection error of the proposed neighborhood is not affected by the length of the straight line segments; 2) a precision requirement in the image space described using the proposed distance can be explicitly resolved using the proposed formulation; 3) the proposed neighborhood has the ability to distinguish between segments belonging to the same straight line. A variety of experiments are executed to demonstrate that the proposed neighborhood has a variety of interesting properties of high practical value.

  17. Galaxy emission line classification using 3D line ratio diagrams

    CERN Document Server

    Vogt, Frédéric P A; Kewley, Lisa J; Sutherland, Ralph S; Scharwaechter, Julia; Basurah, Hassan M; Ali, Alaa; Amer, Morsi A

    2014-01-01

    Two-dimensional (2D) line ratio diagnostic diagrams have become a key tool in understanding the excitation mechanisms of galaxies. The curves used to separate the different regions - HII-like or else excited by an active galactic nucleus (AGN) - have been refined over time but the core technique has not evolved significantly. However, the classification of galaxies based on their emission line ratios really is a multi-dimensional problem. Here we exploit recent software developments to explore the potential of three-dimensional (3D) line ratio diagnostic diagrams. We introduce a specific set of 3D diagrams, the ZQE diagrams, which separate the oxygen abundance and the ionisation parameter of HII region-like spectra, and which also enable us to probe the excitation mechanism of the gas. By examining these new 3D spaces interactively, we define a new set of 2D diagnostics, the ZE diagnostics, which can provide the metallicity of objects excited by hot young stars, and which cleanly separate HII region-like obje...

  18. Relations between the IR-UV-X-ray Continuum and Emission Lines for a Large Composite Sample of Narrow Line and Normal Seyfert i Galaxies

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2001-01-01

    We report on our research on the UV, optical line parameters and the infrared through UV to soft X-ray continuum parameters for a composite sample of narrow line and normal Seyfert 1 galaxies. The strong correlations among the line width of Hβ, optical line strength of Fe II and the soft X-ray slope are confirmed. We found no correlations between the UV line parameters, the equivalent widths of Lya and CIV and their ratio on one hand and the optical line parameters on the other. The UV and X-ray luminosities strongly correlate with the line widths of Hβand the Fe II/Hβ ratio. No significant correlation is found between the infrared-soft X-ray continuum slope αix and the line width of Hβ.

  19. High energy beam lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marchetto, M.; Laxdal, R. E.

    2014-01-01

    The ISAC post accelerator comprises an RFQ, DTL and SC-linac. The high energy beam lines connect the linear accelerators as well as deliver the accelerated beams to two different experimental areas. The medium energy beam transport (MEBT) line connects the RFQ to the DTL. The high energy beam transport (HEBT) line connects the DTL to the ISAC-I experimental stations (DRAGON, TUDA-I, GPS). The DTL to superconducting beam (DSB) transport line connects the ISAC-I and ISAC-II linacs. The superconducting energy beam transport (SEBT) line connects the SC linac to the ISAC-II experimental station (TUDA-II, HERACLES, TIGRESS, EMMA and GPS). All these lines have the function of transporting and matching the beams to the downstream sections by manipulating the transverse and longitudinal phase space. They also contain diagnostic devices to measure the beam properties.

  20. The APOGEE Spectral Line List for H band Spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Shetrone, Matthew; Lawler, James; Prieto, Carlos Allende; Johnson, Jennifer A; Smith, Verne; Cunha, Katia; Holtzman, Jon; Perez, Ana Garcia; Meszaros, Szabolcs; Sobeck, Jennifer; Zamora, Olga; Garcia-Hernandez, Anibal; Souto, Diogo; Chojnowski, Drew; Koesterke, Lars; Majewski, Steven

    2015-01-01

    We present the $H$ band spectral line lists adopted by the Apache Point Observatory Galactic Evolution Experiment (APOGEE). The APOGEE line lists comprise astrophysical, theoretical, and laboratory sources from the literature, as well as newly evaluated astrophysical oscillator strengths and damping parameters. We discuss the construction of the APOGEE line list, which is one of the critical inputs for the APOGEE Stellar Parameters and Chemical Abundances Pipeline (ASPCAP), and present three different versions that have been used at various stages of the project. The methodology for the newly calculated astrophysical line lists is reviewed. The largest of these three line lists contains 134457 molecular and atomic transitions. In addition to the format adopted to store the data, the line lists are available in MOOG, Synspec and Turbospectrum formats. We also present a list of $H$ band spectral features that are either poorly represented or completely missing in our line list. This list is based on the average...

  1. Series Transmission Line Transformer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buckles, Robert A.; Booth, Rex; Yen, Boris T.

    2004-06-29

    A series transmission line transformer is set forth which includes two or more of impedance matched sets of at least two transmissions lines such as shielded cables, connected in parallel at one end ans series at the other in a cascading fashion. The cables are wound about a magnetic core. The series transmission line transformer (STLT) which can provide for higher impedance ratios and bandwidths, which is scalable, and which is of simpler design and construction.

  2. 全自动血细胞分析流水线网织红细胞参数参考区间在儿科实验室适用性验证%Applicability verification of reticulocytes parameters reference intervals of automatic blood cell analysis assembly line in pediatric laboratory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹科; 马东礼; 罗小娟; 周晨阳; 郎家庆; 谢辉辉; 王丹; 陈运生; 杨斌让

    2016-01-01

    Objective To verify whether the reference intervals of reticulocytes parameters on Sysmex-XN3000 automatic blood cell analysis assembly line are suitable the pediatric laboratory .Methods According to the items of ISO15189 :2012 the Requirements of the Quality and Ability in Medicine Laboratory ,requirements of labo-ratory accreditation and laboratory quality management by the Association of American Pathologists and the methods recommended by the C28 and A3 document of American Clinical and Laboratory Standards Institute(CLSI) ,the ref-erence intervals of 7 reticulocytes parameters from the manufactory instructions were performed the laboratory verifi-cation .Results The detection results in reticulocyte absolute number ,low fluorescence intensity reticulocytes per-centage ,middle fluorescence intensity reticulocytes percentage ,high fluorescence intensity reticulocytes percentage and immature reticulocytes ratios in more than 90% of reference individuals were fallen within the reference intervals provide by the manufacturers ,But the reticulocyte percentage and reticulocyte hemoglobin level in more than 10% of individuals were fallen outside the reference intervals provided by the manufacturers .Conclusion The reticulocytes reference intervals provided by the manufacturer are unsuitable for the pediatric laboratory .The children reference intervals should be established by the laboratory itself .%目的 验证Sysmex-XN3000全自动血细胞分析流水线网织红细胞参数参考区间是否适合于儿科实验室.方法 根据ISO 15189 :2012《医学实验室质量和能力的要求》和美国病理家协会对实验室质量管理的要求和实验室认可的要求 ,参照美国临床和实验室标准化协会C28-A3文件推荐方法 ,对引用厂家试剂说明书的7项网织红细胞参数的参考区间进行实验验证.结果 超过90% 参考个体的网织红细胞绝对值、低荧光强度网织红细胞百分率、中荧光强度网织红细胞

  3. Covariant electromagnetic field lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hadad, Y.; Cohen, E.; Kaminer, I.; Elitzur, A. C.

    2017-08-01

    Faraday introduced electric field lines as a powerful tool for understanding the electric force, and these field lines are still used today in classrooms and textbooks teaching the basics of electromagnetism within the electrostatic limit. However, despite attempts at generalizing this concept beyond the electrostatic limit, such a fully relativistic field line theory still appears to be missing. In this work, we propose such a theory and define covariant electromagnetic field lines that naturally extend electric field lines to relativistic systems and general electromagnetic fields. We derive a closed-form formula for the field lines curvature in the vicinity of a charge, and show that it is related to the world line of the charge. This demonstrates how the kinematics of a charge can be derived from the geometry of the electromagnetic field lines. Such a theory may also provide new tools in modeling and analyzing electromagnetic phenomena, and may entail new insights regarding long-standing problems such as radiation-reaction and self-force. In particular, the electromagnetic field lines curvature has the attractive property of being non-singular everywhere, thus eliminating all self-field singularities without using renormalization techniques.

  4. Stark broadening of B IV spectral lines

    CERN Document Server

    Dimitrijevic, Milan S; Simic, Zoran; Kovacevic, Andjelka; Sahal-Brechot, Sylvie

    2016-01-01

    Stark broadening parameters for 157 multiplets of helium like boron (B IV) have been calculated using the impact semiclassical perturbation formalism. Obtained results have been used to investigate the regularities within spectral series. An example of the influence of Stark broadening on B IV lines in DO white dwarfs is given.

  5. Lumped-parameter models

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ibsen, Lars Bo; Liingaard, Morten

    A lumped-parameter model represents the frequency dependent soil-structure interaction of a massless foundation placed on or embedded into an unbounded soil domain. The lumped-parameter model development have been reported by (Wolf 1991b; Wolf 1991a; Wolf and Paronesso 1991; Wolf and Paronesso 19...

  6. RF engineering basic concepts: S-parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Caspers, F

    2011-01-01

    The concept of describing RF circuits in terms of waves is discussed and the S-matrix and related matrices are defined. The signal flow graph (SFG) is introduced as a graphical means to visualize how waves propagate in an RF network. The properties of the most relevant passive RF devices (hybrids, couplers, non-reciprocal elements, etc.) are delineated and the corresponding S-parameters are given. For microwave integrated circuits (MICs) planar transmission lines such as the microstrip line have become very important.

  7. Minnesota County Boundaries - lines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Minnesota Department of Natural Resources — Minnesota county boundaries derived from a combination of 1:24,000 scale PLS lines, 1:100,000 scale TIGER, 1:100,000 scale DLG, and 1:24,000 scale hydrography lines....

  8. Line graphs for fractals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Warchalowski, Wiktor; Krawczyk, Malgorzata J.

    2017-03-01

    We found the Lindenmayer systems for line graphs built on selected fractals. We show that the fractal dimension of such obtained graphs in all analysed cases is the same as for their original graphs. Both for the original graphs and for their line graphs we identified classes of nodes which reflect symmetry of the graph.

  9. Database of emission lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binette, L.; Ortiz, P.; Joguet, B.; Rola, C.

    1998-11-01

    A widely accessible data bank (available through Netscape) and consiting of all (or most) of the emission lines reported in the litterature is being built. It will comprise objects as diverse as HII regions, PN, AGN, HHO. One of its use will be to define/refine existing diagnostic emission line diagrams.

  10. Supersymmetry Parameter Analysis

    CERN Document Server

    Kalinowski, Jan

    2002-01-01

    Supersymmetric particles can be produced copiously at future colliders. From the high-precision data taken at e+e- linear colliders, TESLA in particular, and combined with results from LHC, and CLIC later, the low-energy parameters of the supersymmetric model can be determined. Evolving the parameters from the low-energy scale to the high-scale by means of renormalization group techniques the fundamental supersymmetry parameters at the high scale, GUT or Planck, can be reconstructed to reveal the origin of supersymmetry breaking.

  11. Magnetic S-parameter

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sannino, Francesco

    2010-01-01

    We propose a direct test of the existence of gauge duals for nonsupersymmetric asymptotically free gauge theories developing an infrared fixed point by computing the S-parameter in the electric and dual magnetic description. In particular we show that at the lower bound of the conformal window...... the magnetic S-parameter, i.e. the one determined via the dual magnetic gauge theory, assumes a simple expression in terms of the elementary magnetic degrees of freedom. The results further support our recent conjecture of the existence of a universal lower bound on the S parameter and indicates...

  12. Wood pole overhead lines

    CERN Document Server

    Wareing, Brian

    2005-01-01

    This new book concentrates on the mechanical aspects of distribution wood pole lines, including live line working, environmental influences, climate change and international standards. Other topics include statutory requirements, safety, profiling, traditional and probabilistic design, weather loads, bare and covered conductors, different types of overhead systems, conductor choice, construction and maintenance. A section has also been devoted to the topic of lightning, which is one of the major sources of faults on overhead lines. The book focuses on the effects of this problem and the strate

  13. Relativistic Disc lines

    CERN Document Server

    Fabian, A C; Parker, M L

    2014-01-01

    Broad emission lines, particularly broad iron-K lines, are now commonly seen in the X-ray spectra of luminous AGN and Galactic black hole binaries. Sensitive NuSTAR spectra over the energy range of 3-78 keV and high frequency reverberation spectra now confirm that these are relativistic disc lines produced by coronal irradiation of the innermost accretion flow around rapidly spinning black holes. General relativistic effects are essential in explaining the observations. Recent results are briefly reviewed here.

  14. Smart Grid Network Transmission Line RLC Modelling Using Random Power Line Synthesis Scheme

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ezennaya S.O

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available This work proposes Random Power line Synthesis (RPLS as a quicker computational approach to solving RLC parameters of a modern smart grid transmission network. Since modern grid systems provide a holistic perspective of modern grid development, it is obvious that a transmission network that is ageing cannot serve the expanded load demand. The need to revoltionalize the traditional transmission model while exploiting basic electrical theories and principles in Smart Grid (SG architecture necessitated this paper. This work seeks to address the RLC parameter modelling for SG template to provision dynamic power in Nigerian context. Other schemes of transmission RLC modelling were studied as well as outlining their limitations. Consequently, we then proposed a fuzzy smart grid framework for RLC computation and developed a proposed SG overhead transmission line from its conductor characteristics and tower geometry considering the RLC parameters of the conductor while applying RPLS to generate the parameter metrics.

  15. Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of Multi-component Mooring Lines Incorporating Line-seabed Interaction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.J. Kurian

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In this study, a deterministic approach for the dynamic analysis of a multi-component mooring line was formulated. The floater motion responses were considered as the mooring line upper boundary conditions while the anchored point was considered as pinned. Lumped parameter approach was adopted for the mooring line modelling. The forces considered were the submerged weights of mooring/attachment, physical/added inertia, line tension, fluid/line relative drag forces and line/seabed reactive forces. The latter interactions were modelled assuming that the mooring line rested on an elastic dissipative foundation. An iterative procedure for the dynamic analysis was developed and results for various mooring lines partially lying on different soils were obtained and validated by conducting a comparative study against published results. Good agreement between numerical and published experimental results was achieved. The contribution of the soil characteristics of the seabed to the dynamic behaviour of mooring line was investigated for different types of soil and reported.

  16. Mooring Line Damping Estimation for a Floating Wind Turbine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Dongsheng Qiao

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The dynamic responses of mooring line serve important functions in the station keeping of a floating wind turbine (FWT. Mooring line damping significantly influences the global motions of a FWT. This study investigates the estimation of mooring line damping on the basis of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 MW offshore wind turbine model that is mounted on the ITI Energy barge. A numerical estimation method is derived from the energy absorption of a mooring line resulting from FWT motion. The method is validated by performing a 1/80 scale model test. Different parameter changes are analyzed for mooring line damping induced by horizontal and vertical motions. These parameters include excitation amplitude, excitation period, and drag coefficient. Results suggest that mooring line damping must be carefully considered in the FWT design.

  17. Mooring line damping estimation for a floating wind turbine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qiao, Dongsheng; Ou, Jinping

    2014-01-01

    The dynamic responses of mooring line serve important functions in the station keeping of a floating wind turbine (FWT). Mooring line damping significantly influences the global motions of a FWT. This study investigates the estimation of mooring line damping on the basis of the National Renewable Energy Laboratory 5 MW offshore wind turbine model that is mounted on the ITI Energy barge. A numerical estimation method is derived from the energy absorption of a mooring line resulting from FWT motion. The method is validated by performing a 1/80 scale model test. Different parameter changes are analyzed for mooring line damping induced by horizontal and vertical motions. These parameters include excitation amplitude, excitation period, and drag coefficient. Results suggest that mooring line damping must be carefully considered in the FWT design.

  18. Transmission qualities of natural lines of mine telecommunication network in the aspect of multiplexing

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Penkala, E.

    1982-10-01

    The parameters of natural lines of mine telecommunication cables which are essential for multiplexing are discussed. It is shown that a method of time multiplexing permits better use to be made of line capacity than does frequency multiplexing.

  19. Illustrating the Euler Line.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rubillo, James M.

    1987-01-01

    Euler's discovery about the centroid of a triangle trisecting the line segment joining its circumference to its orthocenter is discussed. An activity that will help students review fundamental concepts is included. (MNS)

  20. Agate Hydrologic Lines Edited

    Data.gov (United States)

    National Park Service, Department of the Interior — This theme includes all hydrologic lines including rivers, intermittent streams, and pond shorelines. The source spatial data comes from agfohydp which is a DLG file...

  1. Electric Power Transmission Lines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Homeland Security — Transmission Lines are the system of structures, wires, insulators and associated hardware that carry electric energy from one point to another in an electric power...

  2. Kansas Electric Transmission Lines

    Data.gov (United States)

    Kansas Data Access and Support Center — This data set is a digital representation of the EletcircTransmission lines for the State of Kansas as maintained by the Kansas Corporation Commission. Data is...

  3. Veterans Crisis Line

    Data.gov (United States)

    Department of Veterans Affairs — The caring responders at the Veterans Crisis Line are specially trained and experienced in helping Veterans of all ages and circumstances. Some of the responders are...

  4. An Atlas of Starburst Galaxy Emission Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meskhidze, Helen; Richardson, Chris T.; Ferland, Gary J.

    2015-01-01

    Recent observations of high ionization lines (e.g. [Ne V] and He II λ4686) from star-forming regions have prompted a need to study the production mechanisms of these high ionization lines. Our study addresses the following questions: 1. What are specific cloud parameters that influence the strength of emission lines in starburst galaxies? 2. How can these parameters be tuned in simulations to match observations? We adopt the locally optimally emitting cloud model, a model previously used to study AGN, for our study of star-forming regions. We present the results of hundreds of photoionization simulations spanning 15 orders of magnitude in hydrogen ionizing photon flux and 10 orders of magnitude in hydrogen density. We vary both properties of the starbursts (SEDs, evolutionary histories, ages), as well as cloud properties (such as the abundances and metallicity), tracking nearly 100 emission lines ranging from the UV to the near IR. Finally, we compare these results to the results of other studies on star-forming regions. The results of our photoionization calculations should prove useful for the analysis of starburst galaxy emission-line data.

  5. Storage of cell lines.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Parker, Katharine A

    2011-01-01

    The successful storage of cell lines depends upon many factors, including the condition of the cells to be frozen and the experience of the operator. Attempting to freeze down unhealthy, contaminated or poorly labelled cells can have huge implications for a research laboratory. This chapter outlines the importance of good record keeping, vigilant monitoring, aseptic technique, and high-quality reagents in the successful storage and downstream propagation of cell lines.

  6. Explosive Line Wave Generators

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-12-01

    curvature produced by each line wave generator. Piezoelectric pins were used for an additional assessment of the explosive lens design...to a visual assessment of the wave curvature from the high speed camera images, the explosive lens design was also evaluated using piezoelectric pins...High Explosive Firing Complex (HEFC). The various explosive line wave generators were taped vertically on a supporting board and the detonation wave

  7. Influence of line isolation overlappings on formation of lightning overvoltages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Antropov I. M.

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The model of substation protection against lightning waves with considered multiple overlappings of line isolation has been presented. Influence of multiple overlapping of isolation on line support on formation of lightning overvoltages has been shown. Ambiguity of determination of lightning current dangerous parameters at the fixed length of its front has been revealed

  8. On-Line and Off-Line Assessment of Metacognition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Saraç, Seda; Karakelle, Sema

    2012-01-01

    The study investigates the interrelationships between different on-line and off-line measures for assessing metacognition. The participants were 47 fifth grade elementary students. Metacognition was assessed through two off-line and two on-line measures. The off-line measures consisted of a teacher rating scale and a self-report questionnaire. The…

  9. Revisiting Cosmological parameter estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Prasad, Jayanti

    2014-01-01

    Constraining theoretical models with measuring the parameters of those from cosmic microwave background (CMB) anisotropy data is one of the most active areas in cosmology. WMAP, Planck and other recent experiments have shown that the six parameters standard $\\Lambda$CDM cosmological model still best fits the data. Bayesian methods based on Markov-Chain Monte Carlo (MCMC) sampling have been playing leading role in parameter estimation from CMB data. In one of the recent studies \\cite{2012PhRvD..85l3008P} we have shown that particle swarm optimization (PSO) which is a population based search procedure can also be effectively used to find the cosmological parameters which are best fit to the WMAP seven year data. In the present work we show that PSO not only can find the best-fit point, it can also sample the parameter space quite effectively, to the extent that we can use the same analysis pipeline to process PSO sampled points which is used to process the points sampled by Markov Chains, and get consistent res...

  10. Parameter Estimation Through Ignorance

    CERN Document Server

    Du, Hailiang

    2015-01-01

    Dynamical modelling lies at the heart of our understanding of physical systems. Its role in science is deeper than mere operational forecasting, in that it allows us to evaluate the adequacy of the mathematical structure of our models. Despite the importance of model parameters, there is no general method of parameter estimation outside linear systems. A new relatively simple method of parameter estimation for nonlinear systems is presented, based on variations in the accuracy of probability forecasts. It is illustrated on the Logistic Map, the Henon Map and the 12-D Lorenz96 flow, and its ability to outperform linear least squares in these systems is explored at various noise levels and sampling rates. As expected, it is more effective when the forecast error distributions are non-Gaussian. The new method selects parameter values by minimizing a proper, local skill score for continuous probability forecasts as a function of the parameter values. This new approach is easier to implement in practice than alter...

  11. MSSM without free parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitano, Ryuichiro; Motono, Ryuji; Nagai, Minoru

    2016-12-01

    It is often argued that the minimal supersymmetric standard model has O (100 ) free parameters, and the generic parameter region is already excluded by the null observation of the flavor and C P -violating processes as well as the constraints from the LHC experiments. This situation naturally leads us to consider the case where all the dangerous soft supersymmetry breaking terms, such as the scalar masses and scalar couplings, are absent, while only the unified gaugino mass term and the μ term are nonvanishing at the grand unification scale. We revisit this simple situation taking into account the observed Higgs boson mass, 125 GeV. Since the gaugino mass and the μ term are fixed in order to explain the Higgs boson and the Z boson masses, there is no free parameter left in this scenario. We find that there are three independent parameter sets that exist including ones which have not been discussed in the literature. We also find that the abundance of the dark matter can be explained by relic gravitinos which are nonthermally produced as decay products of the supersymmetry particles while satisfying constraints from big bang nucleosynthesis. We discuss the effects of the gravity mediation which generically gives a contribution to the soft terms of the order of the gravitino mass. It turns out that a newly found parameter set is preferable to explain the Higgs boson mass as well as the gravitino dark matter while satisfying the constraints from the electric dipole moments of the electron and the nucleon.

  12. The Advanced Photon Source list of parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bizek, H.M. [comp.

    1996-07-01

    The Advanced Photon Source (APS) is a third-generation synchrotron radiation source that stores positrons in a storage ring. The choice of positrons as accelerating particles was motivated by the usual reason: to eliminate the degradation of the beam caused by trapping of positively charged dust particles or ions. The third-generation synchrotron radiation sources are designed to have low beam emittance and many straight sections for insertion devices. The parameter list is comprised of three basic systems: the injection system, the storage ring system, and the experimental facilities system. The components of the injection system are listed according to the causal flow of positrons. Below we briefly list the individual components of the injection system, with the names of people responsible for managing these machines in parentheses: the linac system; electron linac-target-positron linac (Marion White); low energy transport line from linac to the PAR (Michael Borland); positron accumulator ring or PAR (Michael Borland); low energy transport line from PAR to injector synchrotron (Michael Borland); injector synchrotron (Stephen Milton); high energy transport line from injector synchrotron to storage ring (Stephen Milton). The storage ring system, managed by Glenn Decker, uses the Chasman-Green lattice. The APS storage ring, 1104 m in circumference, has 40 periodic sectors. Six are used to house hardware and 34 serve as insertion devices. Another 34 beamlines emit radiation from bending magnets. The experimental facilities system`s parameters include parameters for both an undulator and a wiggler.

  13. An approach for parameter estimation of biotechnological processes

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Ljubenova, V. (Central Lab. of Bioinstrumentation and Automation, Bulgarian Academy of Sciences, Sofia (Bulgaria)); Ignatova, M.

    1994-08-01

    An approach for parameter estimators design of biotechnological processes (BTP) is presented in case of lack of real time information about state variables. It is based on general reaction rate models and measurements of at least one reaction rate. A general parameter estimator of BTP is designed with the help of which specific rate estimators are synthesized. Stability and convergence of an estimator of specific growth rate for a class of aerobic batch processes are proved. Its effectiveness is illustrated by simulation results. The proposed on-line parameter estimation approach can be used for design of BTP on-line variable estimation algorithms (variable observers of BTP). (orig.)

  14. Fundamental stellar parameters

    CERN Document Server

    Wittkowski, M

    2004-01-01

    I present a discussion of fundamental stellar parameters and their observational determination in the context of interferometric measurements with current and future optical/infrared interferometric facilities. Stellar parameters and the importance of their determination for stellar physics are discussed. One of the primary uses of interferometry in the field of stellar physics is the measurement of the intensity profile across the stellar disk, both as a function of position angle and of wavelength. High-precision fundamental stellar parameters are also derived by characterizations of binary and multiple system using interferometric observations. This topic is discussed in detail elsewhere in these proceedings. Comparison of observed spectrally dispersed center-to-limb intensity variations with models of stellar atmospheres and stellar evolution may result in an improved understanding of key phenomena in stellar astrophysics such as the precise evolutionary effects on the main sequence, the evolution of meta...

  15. Variations on tremor parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boose, A.; Jentgens, Ch.; Spieker, S.; Dichgans, J.

    1995-03-01

    This paper describes our analysis procedure for long-term tremor EMG recordings, as well as three examples of applications. The description of the method focuses on how characteristics of the tremor (e.g. frequency, intensity, agonist-antagonist interaction) can be defined and calculated based on surface EMG data. The resulting quantitative characteristics are called ``tremor parameters.'' We discuss sinusoidally modulated, band-limited white noise as a model for pathological tremor-EMG, and show how the basic parameters can be extracted from this class of signals. The method is then applied to (1) estimate tremor severity in clinical studies, (2) quantify agonist-antagonist interaction, and (3) investigate the variations of the tremor parameters using simple methods from time-series analysis.

  16. Concurrent Wind Cooling in Power Transmission Lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jake P Gentle

    2012-08-01

    Idaho National Laboratory and the Idaho Power Company, with collaboration from Idaho State University, have been working on a project to monitor wind and other environmental data parameters along certain electrical transmission corridors. The combination of both real-time historical weather and environmental data is being used to model, validate, and recommend possibilities for dynamic operations of the transmission lines for power and energy carrying capacity. The planned results can also be used to influence decisions about proposed design criteria for or upgrades to certain sections of the transmission lines.

  17. Optomechanical parameter estimation

    CERN Document Server

    Ang, Shan Zheng; Bowen, Warwick P; Tsang, Mankei

    2013-01-01

    We propose a statistical framework for the problem of parameter estimation from a noisy optomechanical system. The Cram\\'er-Rao lower bound on the estimation errors in the long-time limit is derived and compared with the errors of radiometer and expectation-maximization (EM) algorithms in the estimation of the force noise power. When applied to experimental data, the EM estimator is found to have the lowest error and follow the Cram\\'er-Rao bound most closely. With its ability to estimate most of the system parameters, the EM algorithm is envisioned to be useful for optomechanical sensing, atomic magnetometry, and classical or quantum system identification applications in general.

  18. Line Lengths and Starch Scores.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moriarty, Sandra E.

    1986-01-01

    Investigates readability of different line lengths in advertising body copy, hypothesizing a normal curve with lower scores for shorter and longer lines, and scores above the mean for lines in the middle of the distribution. Finds support for lower scores for short lines and some evidence of two optimum line lengths rather than one. (SKC)

  19. Band parameters of phosphorene

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lew Yan Voon, L. C.; Wang, J.; Zhang, Y.;

    2015-01-01

    Phosphorene is a two-dimensional nanomaterial with a direct band-gap at the Brillouin zone center. In this paper, we present a recently derived effective-mass theory of the band structure in the presence of strain and electric field, based upon group theory. Band parameters for this theory...

  20. Ovarian reserve parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bentzen, J G; Forman, Julie Lyng; Pinborg, Anja;

    2012-01-01

    was observed between duration of hormonal-contraception use and ovarian reserve parameters. No dose-response relation was found between the dose of ethinyloestradiol and AMH or AFC. This study indicates that ovarian reserve markers are lower in women using sex steroids for contraception. Thus, AMH...

  1. Response model parameter linking

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Barrett, Michelle Derbenwick

    2015-01-01

    With a few exceptions, the problem of linking item response model parameters from different item calibrations has been conceptualized as an instance of the problem of equating observed scores on different test forms. This thesis argues, however, that the use of item response models does not require

  2. Results of Item Parameter Estimation Using LOGIST 5 on Simulated Data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1984-12-01

    against the Theoretical Individual Parameters. Three-Parameter Logistic Model Is Assumed. Case 2, 500 Subject Case. (L inear Regresion of Son 8 Is...Parameters. Three-Parameter Logistic Model Is , ’." Assumed. Case 1, 2,000 Subject Case. ( Lineal Regvussion of on 6 Is Plotted by a Dotted Line

  3. Real quartic surfaces containing 16 skew lines

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Isidro Nieto

    2004-01-01

    Full Text Available It is well known that there is an open three-dimensional subvariety Ms of the Grassmannian of lines in ℙ3 which parametrizes smooth irreducible complex surfaces of degree 4 which are Heisenberg invariant, and each quartic contains 32 lines but only 16 skew lines, being determined by its configuration of lines, are called a double 16. We consider here the problem of visualizing in a computer the real Heisenberg invariant quartic surface and the real double 16. We construct a family of points l∈Ms parametrized by a two-dimensional semialgebraic variety such that under a change of coordinates of l into its Plüecker, coordinates transform into the real coordinates for a line L in ℙ3, which is then used to construct a program in Maple 7. The program allows us to draw the quartic surface and the set of transversal lines to L. Additionally, we include a table of a group of examples. For each test example we specify a parameter, the viewing angle of the image, compilation time, and other visual properties of the real surface and its real double 16. We include at the end of the paper an example showing the surface containing the double 16.

  4. Seyfert 2 galaxies with unusually wide nebular lines

    CERN Document Server

    Winkler, Hartmut

    2014-01-01

    We report on a set of AGN that match the Seyfert 2 galaxy classification criteria, but display unusually wide "narrow" lines, with the 4959 {\\AA} and 5007 {\\AA} nebular lines overlapping with each other. This spectral line broadening is in most cases evidence of a complex profile with multiple components. It indicates an unusual narrow line region with diverse gas clouds and a range of velocity systems. We list 14 such objects with these characteristics identified in a set of Sloan Digital Sky Survey spectra. We measure the strengths of all lines visible in the spectrum, and attempt to fit multiple Gaussian profiles to the nebular lines. We quantify the line parameters of all multiple velocity systems discovered. We compare the spectral characteristics of our sample with those of other, 'conventional' type 2 Seyferts and attempt to determine whether other systematic spectral differences exist. We consider whether the investigated sample constitutes a clear sub-class of the Seyfert 2 population. In conclusion ...

  5. A Rapid Calibration Technique for Scanning Line-Structured Laser Sensor

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2003-01-01

    A novel procedure to calibrate the scanning line-structured laser sensor is presented. A drone composed of two orthogonal planes is designed, with the result that camera parameters and light-plane equation parameters is achieved simultaneously.

  6. Accurate micro Hall effect measurements on scribe line pads

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Østerberg, Frederik Westergaard; Petersen, Dirch Hjorth; Wang, Fei

    2009-01-01

    Hall mobility and sheet carrier density are important parameters to monitor in advanced semiconductor production. If micro Hall effect measurements are done on small pads in scribe lines, these parameters may be measured without using valuable test wafers. We report how Hall mobility can...

  7. Solar polarimetry through the K I lines at 770 nm

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quintero Noda, C.; Uitenbroek, H.; Katsukawa, Y.; Shimizu, T.; Oba, T.; Carlsson, M.; Orozco Suárez, D.; Ruiz Cobo, B.; Kubo, M.; Anan, T.; Ichimoto, K.; Suematsu, Y.

    2017-09-01

    We characterize the K I D1 & D2 lines in order to determine whether they could complement the 850 nm window, containing the Ca II infrared triplet lines and several Zeeman sensitive photospheric lines, that was studied previously. We investigate the effect of partial redistribution on the intensity profiles, their sensitivity to changes in different atmospheric parameters, and the spatial distribution of Zeeman polarization signals employing a realistic magnetohydrodynamic simulation. The results show that these lines form in the upper photosphere at around 500 km, and that they are sensitive to the line-of-sight velocity and magnetic field strength at heights where neither the photospheric lines nor the Ca II infrared lines are. However, at the same time, we found that their sensitivity to the temperature essentially comes from the photosphere. Then, we conclude that the K I lines provide a complement to the lines in the 850 nm window for the determination of atmospheric parameters in the upper photosphere, especially for the line-of-sight velocity and the magnetic field.

  8. VT Digital Line Graph Railroads

    Data.gov (United States)

    Vermont Center for Geographic Information — (Link to Metadata) This datalayer is comprised of major railroad lines for the state of Vermont. These railroad lines line up well along quadrangle boundaries, but...

  9. Topological nodal line semimetals

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fang, Chen; Weng, Hongming; Dai, Xi; Fang, Zhong

    2016-11-01

    We review the recent, mainly theoretical, progress in the study of topological nodal line semimetals in three dimensions. In these semimetals, the conduction and the valence bands cross each other along a one-dimensional curve in the three-dimensional Brillouin zone, and any perturbation that preserves a certain symmetry group (generated by either spatial symmetries or time-reversal symmetry) cannot remove this crossing line and open a full direct gap between the two bands. The nodal line(s) is hence topologically protected by the symmetry group, and can be associated with a topological invariant. In this review, (i) we enumerate the symmetry groups that may protect a topological nodal line; (ii) we write down the explicit form of the topological invariant for each of these symmetry groups in terms of the wave functions on the Fermi surface, establishing a topological classification; (iii) for certain classes, we review the proposals for the realization of these semimetals in real materials; (iv) we discuss different scenarios that when the protecting symmetry is broken, how a topological nodal line semimetal becomes Weyl semimetals, Dirac semimetals, and other topological phases; and (v) we discuss the possible physical effects accessible to experimental probes in these materials. Project partially supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant Nos. 2016YFA0302400 and 2016YFA0300604), partially by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11274359 and 11422428), the National Basic Research Program of China (Grant No. 2013CB921700), and the “Strategic Priority Research Program (B)” of the Chinese Academy of Sciences (Grant No. XDB07020100).

  10. TDR method for determine IC's parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Timoshenkov, V.; Rodionov, D.; Khlybov, A.

    2016-12-01

    Frequency domain simulation is a widely used approach for determine integrated circuits parameters. This approach can be found in most of software tools used in IC industry. Time domain simulation approach shows intensive usage last years due to some advantages. In particular it applicable for analysis of nonlinear and nonstationary systems where frequency domain is inapplicable. Resolution of time domain systems allow see heterogeneities on distance 1mm, determine it parameters and properties. Authors used approach based on detecting reflected signals from heterogeneities - time domain reflectometry (TDR). Field effect transistor technology scaling up to 30-60nm gate length and 10nm gate dielectric, heterojunction bi-polar transistors with 10-30nm base width allows fabricate digital IC's with 20GHz clock frequency and RF-IC's with tens GHz bandwidth. Such devices and operation speed suppose transit signal by use microwave lines. There are local heterogeneities can be found inside of the signal path due to connections between different parts of signal lines (stripe line-RF-connector pin, stripe line - IC package pin). These heterogeneities distort signals that cause bandwidth decrease for RF-devices. Time domain research methods of transmission and reflected signals give the opportunities to determine heterogeneities, it properties, parameters and built up equivalent circuits. Experimental results are provided and show possibility for inductance and capacitance measurement up to 25GHz. Measurements contains result of signal path research on IC and printed circuit board (PCB) used for 12GHz RF chips. Also dielectric constant versus frequency was measured up to 35GHz.

  11. Variational Bayesian Inference of Line Spectra

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Badiu, Mihai Alin; Hansen, Thomas Lundgaard; Fleury, Bernard Henri

    2016-01-01

    In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of line spectral estimation in a Bayesian framework. We target model order and parameter estimation via variational inference in a probabilistic model in which the frequencies are continuous-valued, i.e., not restricted to a grid; and the coeffici......In this paper, we address the fundamental problem of line spectral estimation in a Bayesian framework. We target model order and parameter estimation via variational inference in a probabilistic model in which the frequencies are continuous-valued, i.e., not restricted to a grid......; and the coefficients are governed by a Bernoulli-Gaussian prior model turning model order selection into binary sequence detection. Unlike earlier works which retain only point estimates of the frequencies, we undertake a more complete Bayesian treatment by estimating the posterior probability density functions (pdfs...

  12. Analysis of () Line Shape

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Xu Wei; Li Yan

    2014-09-01

    The particles energy distribution is derived directly from the () line shape, which is measured by two sets of OMA. The dissociative excitation of molecular is dominating when the local electron temperature is > 10 eV. The line shape is also simulated by the Monte–Carlo method, the molecular dissociation contributes to 57% neutral atoms and 53% emission intensity in front of the limiter, and 85% neutral atoms and 82% emission intensity in front of the wall. The processes of atoms and molecules influence on the energy balance is discussed in SOL, the power loss from molecular dissociation is 6 × 104 kW at SOL.

  13. Line Emission from Optically Thick RelativisticAccretion Tori

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Fuerst, Steven V.; /KIPAC, Menlo Park /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.; Wu, Kinwah; /Mullard Space Sci. Lab.

    2007-09-14

    We calculate line emission from relativistic accretion tori around Kerr black holes and investigate how the line profiles depend on the viewing inclination, spin of the central black hole, parameters describing the shape of the tori, and spatial distribution of line emissivity on the torus surface. We also compare the lines with those from thin accretion disks. Our calculations show that lines from tori and lines from thin disks share several common features. In particular, at low and moderate viewing inclination angles they both have asymmetric double-peaked profiles with a tall, sharp blue peak and a shorter red peak which has an extensive red wing. At high viewing inclination angles they both have very broad, asymmetric lines which can be roughly considered as single-peaked. Torus and disk lines may show very different red and blue line wings, but the differences are due to the models for relativistic tori and disks having differing inner boundary radii. Self-eclipse and lensing play some role in shaping the torus lines, but they are effective only at high inclination angles. If inner and outer radii of an accretion torus are the same as those of an accretion disk, their line profiles show substantial differences only when inclination angles are close to 90{sup o}, and those differences are manifested mostly at the central regions of the lines instead of the wings.

  14. Genetic resistance of maize inbred lines to anthracnose leaf blight

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hellen Christine Prochno

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The objectives of this study were to evaluate the resistance of maize inbred lines to anthracnose leaf blight (Colletotrichum graminicola Ces., and to estimate genetic parameters associated with resistance. Sixteen lines (S5 were evaluated for resistance to anthracnose leaf blight in three experiments, in a randomized block design with four replications. From three evaluations of severity, it was estimated the area under the disease progress curve (AUDPC, and the genetic parameters associated with resistance. Results showed the existence of genetic variability for resistance to anthracnose leaf blight in the set of studied lines. Five lines stood out for the high resistance pattern to anthracnose leaf blight, presenting the lowest AUDPC values in the three experiments, and thus were considered important sources of C. graminicola resistance genes. Estimates of genetic parameters indicated low participation of the environment and highlighted the possibility of genetic gains with artificial selection for resistance in this pathosystem.

  15. Distributed Parameter Modelling Applications

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2011-01-01

    Here the issue of distributed parameter models is addressed. Spatial variations as well as time are considered important. Several applications for both steady state and dynamic applications are given. These relate to the processing of oil shale, the granulation of industrial fertilizers and the d......Here the issue of distributed parameter models is addressed. Spatial variations as well as time are considered important. Several applications for both steady state and dynamic applications are given. These relate to the processing of oil shale, the granulation of industrial fertilizers...... sands processing. The fertilizer granulation model considers the dynamics of MAP-DAP (mono and diammonium phosphates) production within an industrial granulator, that involves complex crystallisation, chemical reaction and particle growth, captured through population balances. A final example considers...

  16. Physical Parameter Eclipse Mapping

    CERN Document Server

    Vrielmann, S

    2000-01-01

    The tomographic method "Physical Parameter Eclipse Mapping" is a tool to reconstruct spatial distributions of physical parameters (like temperatures and surface densities) in accretion discs of cataclysmic variables. After summarizing the method, we apply it to multi-colour eclipse light curves of various dwarf novae and nova-likes like VZ Scl, IP Peg in outburst, UU Aqr, V2051 Oph and HT Cas in order to derive the temperatures (and surface densities) in the disc, the white dwarf temperature, the disc size, the effective temperatures and the viscosities. The results allows us to establish or refine a physical model for the accretion disc. Our maps of HT Cas and V2051 Oph, for example, indicate that the (quiescent) disc must be structured into a cool, optically thick inner disc sandwiched by hot, optically thin chromospheres. In addition, the disc of HT Cas must be patchy with a covering factor of about 40% caused by magnetic activity in the disc.

  17. Discrete Line Congruences for Shading and Lighting

    KAUST Repository

    Wang, Jun

    2013-07-01

    Two-parameter families of straight lines (line congruences) are implicitly present in graphics and geometry processing in several important ways including lighting and shape analysis. In this paper we make them accessible to optimization and geometric computing, by introducing a general discrete version of congruences based on piecewise-linear correspondences between triangle meshes. Our applications of congruences are based on the extraction of a so-called torsion-free support structure, which is a procedure analogous to remeshing a surface along its principal curvature lines. A particular application of such structures are freeform shading and lighting systems for architecture. We combine interactive design of such systems with global optimization in order to satisfy geometric constraints. In this way we explore a new area where architecture can greatly benefit from graphics.

  18. Moving contact line of a volatile fluid.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Janeček, V; Andreotti, B; Pražák, D; Bárta, T; Nikolayev, V S

    2013-12-01

    Interfacial flows close to a moving contact line are inherently multiscale. The shape of the interface and the flow at meso- and macroscopic scales inherit an apparent interface slope and a regularization length, both named after Voinov, from the microscopic inner region. Here, we solve the inner problem associated with the contact line motion for a volatile fluid at equilibrium with its vapor. The evaporation or condensation flux is then controlled by the dependence of the saturation temperature on interface curvature-the so-called Kelvin effect. We derive the dependencies of the Voinov angle and of the Voinov length as functions of the parameters of the problem. We then identify the conditions under which the Kelvin effect is indeed the mechanism regularizing the contact line motion.

  19. The Variable Line Width of Achernar

    CERN Document Server

    Rivinius, Th; Baade, D; Carciofi, A C; Leister, N; Štefl, S

    2016-01-01

    Spectroscopic observations of Achernar over the past decades, have shown the photospheric line width, as measured by the rotational parameter $v \\sin i$, to vary in correlation with the emission activity. Here we present new observations, covering the most recent activity phase, and further archival data collected from the archives. The $v \\sin i$ variation is confirmed. On the basis of the available data it cannot be decided with certainty whether the increased line width precedes the emission activity, i.e. is a signature of the ejection mechanism, or postdates is, which would make it a signature of re-accretion of some of the disk-material. However, the observed evidence leans towards the re-accretion hypothesis. Two further stars showing the effect of variable line width in correlation with emission activity, namely 66 Oph and $\\pi$ Aqr, are presented as well.

  20. Setting Parameters by Example

    OpenAIRE

    1999-01-01

    We introduce a class of "inverse parametric optimization" problems, in which one is given both a parametric optimization problem and a desired optimal solution; the task is to determine parameter values that lead to the given solution. We describe algorithms for solving such problems for minimum spanning trees, shortest paths, and other "optimal subgraph" problems, and discuss applications in multicast routing, vehicle path planning, resource allocation, and board game programming.

  1. Military display performance parameters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Desjardins, Daniel D.; Meyer, Frederick

    2012-06-01

    The military display market is analyzed in terms of four of its segments: avionics, vetronics, dismounted soldier, and command and control. Requirements are summarized for a number of technology-driving parameters, to include luminance, night vision imaging system compatibility, gray levels, resolution, dimming range, viewing angle, video capability, altitude, temperature, shock and vibration, etc., for direct-view and virtual-view displays in cockpits and crew stations. Technical specifications are discussed for selected programs.

  2. Dislocation Effects on the Diffraction Line Profiles from Nanocrystalline Domains

    Science.gov (United States)

    Leonardi, Alberto; Scardi, Paolo

    2016-12-01

    A Pd nano-polycrystalline microstructure was simulated by molecular dynamics, including edge or screw dislocations in one of the 50 grains, so as to produce a realistic model of nanocrystalline domain with line defect. The same crystalline domain was also studied, with or without line defects, as a free-standing, isolated nanocrystal. Atomic coordinates of the selected domain were used to generate powder patterns by means of the Debye scattering equation, and these patterns were used as "experimental" data to test existing methods of line profile analysis in controlled condition, i.e., with known type and density of defects. Results show that the Krivolgaz-Wilkens theory of dislocation line broadening qualitatively agrees with the MD model, but errors can be larger than 50 pct. A critical issue arises from the instability of the Krivolgaz-Wilkens model when all line profile parameters are simultaneously refined: reasonable results can be obtained by fixing or restricting some parameters.

  3. A Fe K Line in GRB 970508

    Science.gov (United States)

    Protassov, R.; van Dyk, D.; Connors, A.; Kashyap, V.; Siemiginowska, A.

    2000-12-01

    We examine the x-ray spectrum of the afterglow of GRB 970508, analyzed for Fe line emission by Piro et al (1999, ApJL, 514, L73). This is a difficult and extremely important measurement: the detection of x-ray afterglows from γ -ray bursts is at best a tricky business, relying on near-real satellite time response to unpredictable events; and a great deal of luck in catching a burst bright enough for a useful spectral analysis. Detecting a clear atomic (or cyclotron) line in the generally smooth and featureless afterglow (or burst) emission not only gives one of the few very specific keys to the physics local to the emission region, but also provides clues or confirmation of its distance (via redshift). Unfortunately, neither the likelihood ratio test or the related F-statistic commonly used to detect spectral lines adhere to their nominal Chi square and F-distributions. Thus we begin by calibrating the F-statistic used in Piro et al (1999, ApJL, 514, L73) via a simulation study. The simulation study relies on a completely specified source model, i.e. we do Monte Carlo simulations with all model parameters fixed (so--called ``parametric bootstrapping''). Second, we employ the method of posterior predictive p-values to calibrate a LRT statistic while accounting for the uncertainty in the parameters of the source model. Our analysis reveals evidence for the Fe K line.

  4. Subjective poverty line definitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Flik; B.M.S. van Praag (Bernard)

    1991-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we will deal with definitions of subjective poverty lines. To measure a poverty threshold value in terms of household income, which separates the poor from the non-poor, we take into account the opinions of all people in society. Three subjective methods will be discussed

  5. Draw the Line!

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    present proceedings from the UPGEM conference "Draw the Line!" in Copenhagen May 2008. The proceedings include contributions by UPGEM researchers, conference speeches by other researchers, politicians and gender equality officers in which they relate their work and research with the research done in UPGEM...

  6. CyLineUp

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Nijveen, Harm; Dias Costa, Maria; Slijkhuis, T.; Ligterink, Wilco; Hilhorst, Henk W.M.; Ridder, de Dick

    2016-01-01

    CyLineUp is a Cytoscape 3 app for the projection of high-throughput measurement data from multiple experiments/samples on a network or pathway map using "small multiples" This visualization method allows for easy comparison of different experiments in the context of the network or pathway. The

  7. Subjective poverty line definitions

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    J. Flik; B.M.S. van Praag (Bernard)

    1991-01-01

    textabstractIn this paper we will deal with definitions of subjective poverty lines. To measure a poverty threshold value in terms of household income, which separates the poor from the non-poor, we take into account the opinions of all people in society. Three subjective methods will be discussed a

  8. Glue-paste linings

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fuster-López, Laura; Andersen, Cecil Krarup; Bouillon, Nicolas

    2017-01-01

    Glue-paste linings of (Western) canvas paintings have been performed with a variety of materials throughout history and are present in a very significant amount of artworks in collections in Europe and elsewhere. Cereal flours and animal glues were usually the main ingredients because they were r...

  9. Mixed lubricated line contacts

    OpenAIRE

    Faraon, Irinel Cosmin

    2005-01-01

    The present work deals with friction in mixed lubricated line contacts. Components in systems are becoming smaller and due to, for instance power transmitted, partial contact may occur. In industrial applications, friction between the moving contacting surfaces cannot be avoided, therefore it is essential that an engineer is able to predict friction.

  10. Central venous line - infants

    Science.gov (United States)

    A central venous line (CVL) is a long, soft, plastic tube that is put into a large vein in the chest. WHY IS A CVL USED? A CVL is often put in when a baby cannot get a ... (MCC). A CVL can be used to give nutrients or medicines to a ...

  11. Redrawing the Poverty Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    A new threshold means more than 100 million impoverished people will be eligible for government assistance as China continues to battle poverty The Chinese Government has decided to set the nation’s poverty line at an annual per-capita net income

  12. America's Assembly Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David Edwin

    A social history of the assembly line, invented in 1913. Both praised as a boon to consumers and as a curse for workers, it has been satirized, imitated, and celebrated for 100 years. It has inspired fiction, comedy, cafeteria layouts, and suburban housing. It transformed industrial labor...

  13. America's Assembly Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Nye, David Edwin

    A social history of the assembly line, invented in 1913. Both praised as a boon to consumers and as a curse for workers, it has been satirized, imitated, and celebrated for 100 years. It has inspired fiction, comedy, cafeteria layouts, and suburban housing. It transformed industrial labor and pro...

  14. LEAR: antiproton extraction lines

    CERN Multimedia

    Photographic Service

    1992-01-01

    Antiprotons, decelerated in LEAR to a momentum of 100 MeV/c (kinetic energy of 5.3 MeV), were delivered to the experiments in an "Ultra-Slow Extraction", dispensing some 1E9 antiprotons over times counted in hours. Beam-splitters and a multitude of beam-lines allowed several users to be supplied simultaneously.

  15. A study on missing lines in the synthetic solar spectrum near the Ca triplet

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kitamura, Jessica R.; Martins, Lucimara P.; Coelho, Paula

    2017-04-01

    Synthetic stellar spectra are extensively used for many different applications in astronomy, from stellar studies (such as in the determination of atmospheric parameters of observed stellar spectra), to extragalactic studies (e.g. as one of the main ingredients of stellar population models). One of the main ingredients of synthetic spectral libraries are the atomic and molecular line lists, which contain the data required to model all the absorption lines that should appear in these spectra. Although currently available line lists contain millions of lines, a relatively small fraction of these lines have accurate derived or measured transition parameters. As a consequence, many of these lines contain errors in the electronic transition parameters that can reach up to 200%. Furthermore, even for the Sun, our closest and most studied star, state-of-the-art synthetic spectra does not reproduce all the observed lines, indicating transitions that are missing in the line lists of the computed synthetic spectra. Given the importance and wide range of applications of these models, improvement of their quality is urgently necessary. In this work we catalogued missing lines in the atomic and molecular line lists used for the calculation of the synthetic spectra in the region of Gaia, comparing a solar model computed via a recent line list with a high quality solar atlas available in the literature. After that, we attempted the calibration of their atomic parameters with the code ALLiCE; the calibrated line parameters are publicly available for use.

  16. Magneto-induced Line Broadening of Magneto-sensitive Lines in Solar Magnetized Atmospheres

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhong-Quan Qu; Shuai Wang; Cheng-Lin Xu; Xiao-Yu Zhang; Ming-Guo Sun; Chun-Lan Jin

    2005-01-01

    We analyze the spectral line broadening of those magneto-sensitive lines in solar magnetized atmospheres. The broadening at the line wings is due to the increase of the effective width of energy levels involved in Zeeman splitting,and the broadening at the line core also originated in Zeeman splitting under the condition that the Zeeman components are mixed. Therefore, the magnetoinduced or Zeeman broadening take effects on the whole line. The observed Stokes parameter data in a sunspot and outside it acquired by Solar Stokes Spectrum Telescope (S3T) are analyzed for the demonstration of this mechanism, and the Zeeman broadening rates are calculated for FeI 6302.5 under some assumptions.Our result shows that the broadening is increased as the magnetic field strength becomes stronger, but the rate of increase at the line core is decreased as the field strength increases, while the rate at the wing does not show such an obvious regularity. The broadening is more effective in the line core than in the wings.

  17. Infrared Drying Parameter Optimization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jackson, Matthew R.

    In recent years, much research has been done to explore direct printing methods, such as screen and inkjet printing, as alternatives to the traditional lithographic process. The primary motivation is reduction of the material costs associated with producing common electronic devices. Much of this research has focused on developing inkjet or screen paste formulations that can be printed on a variety of substrates, and which have similar conductivity performance to the materials currently used in the manufacturing of circuit boards and other electronic devices. Very little research has been done to develop a process that would use direct printing methods to manufacture electronic devices in high volumes. This study focuses on developing and optimizing a drying process for conductive copper ink in a high volume manufacturing setting. Using an infrared (IR) dryer, it was determined that conductive copper prints could be dried in seconds or minutes as opposed to tens of minutes or hours that it would take with other drying devices, such as a vacuum oven. In addition, this study also identifies significant parameters that can affect the conductivity of IR dried prints. Using designed experiments and statistical analysis; the dryer parameters were optimized to produce the best conductivity performance for a specific ink formulation and substrate combination. It was determined that for an ethylene glycol, butanol, 1-methoxy 2- propanol ink formulation printed on Kapton, the optimal drying parameters consisted of a dryer height of 4 inches, a temperature setting between 190 - 200°C, and a dry time of 50-65 seconds depending on the printed film thickness as determined by the number of print passes. It is important to note that these parameters are optimized specifically for the ink formulation and substrate used in this study. There is still much research that needs to be done into optimizing the IR dryer for different ink substrate combinations, as well as developing a

  18. Measuring the chargino parameters

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    J Kalinowski

    2000-07-01

    After the supersymmetric particles have been discovered, the priority will be to determine independently the fundamental parameters to reveal the structure of the underlying supersymmetric theory. In my talk I discuss how the chargino sector can be reconstructed completely by measuring the cross-sections with polarized beams at e+e- collider experiments: $\\tilde{X}^{+}_{i}\\tilde{X}^{-}_{j}[i,j=1,2]$. The closure of the two-chargino system can be investigated by analysing sum rules for the production cross-sections.

  19. The last line effect explained

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Beller, M. (Moritz); Zaidman, A. (Andy); Karpov, A. (Andrey); R.A. Zwaan (Rolf)

    2016-01-01

    textabstractMicro-clones are tiny duplicated pieces of code; they typically comprise only few statements or lines. In this paper, we study the “Last Line Effect,” the phenomenon that the last line or statement in a micro-clone is much more likely to contain an error than the previous lines or statem

  20. The Bicycle Assembly Line Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    "The Bicycle Assembly Line Game" is a team-based, in-class activity that helps students develop a basic understanding of continuously operating processes. Each team of 7-10 students selects one of seven prefigured bicycle assembly lines to operate. The lines are run in real-time, and the team that operates the line that yields the…

  1. The Bicycle Assembly Line Game

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klotz, Dorothy

    2011-01-01

    "The Bicycle Assembly Line Game" is a team-based, in-class activity that helps students develop a basic understanding of continuously operating processes. Each team of 7-10 students selects one of seven prefigured bicycle assembly lines to operate. The lines are run in real-time, and the team that operates the line that yields the…

  2. Multiple Lines of Evidence

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Amidan, Brett G. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Venzin, Alexander M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States); Bramer, Lisa M. [Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)

    2015-06-03

    This paper discusses the process of identifying factors that influence the contamination level of a given decision area and then determining the likelihood that the area remains unacceptable. This process is referred to as lines of evidence. These lines of evidence then serve as inputs for the stratified compliance sampling (SCS) method, which requires a decision area to be divided into strata based upon contamination expectations. This is done in order to focus sampling efforts more within stratum where contamination is more likely and to use the domain knowledge about these likelihoods of the stratum remaining unacceptable to buy down the number of samples necessary, if possible. Two different building scenarios were considered as an example (see Table 3.1). SME expertise was elicited concerning four lines of evidence factors (see Table 3.2): 1) amount of contamination that was seen before decontamination, 2) post-decontamination air sampling information, 3) the applied decontaminant information, and 4) the surface material. Statistical experimental design and logistic regression modelling were used to help determine the likelihood that example stratum remained unacceptable for a given example scenario. The number of samples necessary for clearance was calculated by applying the SCS method to the example scenario, using the estimated likelihood of each stratum remaining unacceptable as was determined using the lines of evidence approach. The commonly used simple random sampling (SRS) method was also used to calculate the number of samples necessary for clearance for comparison purposes. The lines of evidence with SCS approach resulted in a 19% to 43% reduction in total number of samples necessary for clearance (see Table 3.6). The reduction depended upon the building scenario, as well as the level of percent clean criteria. A sensitivity analysis was also performed showing how changing the estimated likelihoods of stratum remaining unacceptable affect the number

  3. On closure parameter estimation in chaotic systems

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J. Hakkarainen

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Many dynamical models, such as numerical weather prediction and climate models, contain so called closure parameters. These parameters usually appear in physical parameterizations of sub-grid scale processes, and they act as "tuning handles" of the models. Currently, the values of these parameters are specified mostly manually, but the increasing complexity of the models calls for more algorithmic ways to perform the tuning. Traditionally, parameters of dynamical systems are estimated by directly comparing the model simulations to observed data using, for instance, a least squares approach. However, if the models are chaotic, the classical approach can be ineffective, since small errors in the initial conditions can lead to large, unpredictable deviations from the observations. In this paper, we study numerical methods available for estimating closure parameters in chaotic models. We discuss three techniques: off-line likelihood calculations using filtering methods, the state augmentation method, and the approach that utilizes summary statistics from long model simulations. The properties of the methods are studied using a modified version of the Lorenz 95 system, where the effect of fast variables are described using a simple parameterization.

  4. Formation depths of Fraunhofer lines

    CERN Document Server

    Gurtovenko, E A

    2015-01-01

    We have summed up our investigations performed in 1970--1993. The main task of this paper is clearly to show processes of formation of spectral lines as well as their distinction by validity and by location. For 503 photospheric lines of various chemical elements in the wavelength range 300--1000 nm we list in Table the average formation depths of the line depression and the line emission for the line centre and on the half-width of the line, the average formation depths of the continuum emission as well as the effective widths of the layer of the line depression formation. Dependence of average depths of line depression formation on excitation potential, equivalent widths, and central line depth are demonstrated by iron lines.

  5. Adaptive method of lines

    CERN Document Server

    Saucez, Ph

    2001-01-01

    The general Method of Lines (MOL) procedure provides a flexible format for the solution of all the major classes of partial differential equations (PDEs) and is particularly well suited to evolutionary, nonlinear wave PDEs. Despite its utility, however, there are relatively few texts that explore it at a more advanced level and reflect the method''s current state of development.Written by distinguished researchers in the field, Adaptive Method of Lines reflects the diversity of techniques and applications related to the MOL. Most of its chapters focus on a particular application but also provide a discussion of underlying philosophy and technique. Particular attention is paid to the concept of both temporal and spatial adaptivity in solving time-dependent PDEs. Many important ideas and methods are introduced, including moving grids and grid refinement, static and dynamic gridding, the equidistribution principle and the concept of a monitor function, the minimization of a functional, and the moving finite elem...

  6. Nonlinear magnetoinductive transmission lines

    CERN Document Server

    Lazarides, Nikos; Tsironis, G P

    2011-01-01

    Power transmission in one-dimensional nonlinear magnetic metamaterials driven at one end is investigated numerically and analytically in a wide frequency range. The nonlinear magnetic metamaterials are composed of varactor-loaded split-ring resonators which are coupled magnetically through their mutual inductances, forming thus a magnetoiductive transmission line. In the linear limit, significant power transmission along the array only appears for frequencies inside the linear magnetoinductive wave band. We present analytical, closed form solutions for the magnetoinductive waves transmitting the power in this regime, and their discrete frequency dispersion. When nonlinearity is important, more frequency bands with significant power transmission along the array may appear. In the equivalent circuit picture, the nonlinear magnetoiductive transmission line driven at one end by a relatively weak electromotive force, can be modeled by coupled resistive-inductive-capacitive (RLC) circuits with voltage-dependent cap...

  7. Piecewise Linear Wilson lines

    CERN Document Server

    Van der Veken, Frederik F

    2014-01-01

    Wilson lines, being comparators that render non-local operator products gauge invariant, are extensively used in QCD calculations, especially in small-$x$ calculations, calculations concerning validation of factorisation schemes and in calculations for constructing or modelling parton density functions. We develop an algorithm to express piecewise path ordered exponentials as path ordered integrals over the separate segments, and apply it on linear segments, reducing the number of diagrams needed to be calculated. We show how different linear path topologies can be related using their colour structure. This framework allows one to easily switch results between different Wilson line structures, which is especially useful when testing different structures against each other, e.g. when checking universality properties of non-perturbative objects.

  8. Dispersion-free radial transmission lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Caporaso, George J [Livermore, CA; Nelson, Scott D [Patterson, CA

    2011-04-12

    A dispersion-free radial transmission line ("DFRTL") preferably for linear accelerators, having two plane conductors each with a central hole, and an electromagnetically permeable material ("EPM") between the two conductors and surrounding a channel connecting the two holes. At least one of the material parameters of relative magnetic permeability, relative dielectric permittivity, and axial width of the EPM is varied as a function of radius, so that the characteristic impedance of the DFRTL is held substantially constant, and pulse transmission therethrough is substantially dispersion-free. Preferably, the EPM is divided into concentric radial sections, with the varied material parameters held constant in each respective section but stepwise varied between sections as a step function of the radius. The radial widths of the concentric sections are selected so that pulse traversal time across each section is the same, and the varied material parameters of the concentric sections are selected to minimize traversal error.

  9. Synthesis of Beam Lines with Necessary Properties

    CERN Document Server

    Andrianov, Serge

    2005-01-01

    In this paper a new approach to the problem of synthesis of beam lines is discussed. Usually this problem can be overcome by the use of numerical simulation and optimal control theory methods. But this results in sufficiently great number of variable parameters and functions. Obviously, that this degrades quality of a modeling procedure. The suggested approach is demonstrated on a problem of a microprobe design problem. Essence of the problem is that necessary to design a high precision focusing system which satisfies some additional conditions. For solution of this problem we use an algebraic treatment based on Lie algebraic methods and computer algebra techniques. Using the symmetry ideology this approach allows rewriting beam properties to enough simple conditions for control parameters and functions. This leads a set of desired solutions and show results in some most suitable form. Moreover, this approach decreases the number of variable parameters.

  10. Relativistic emission lines from accreting black holes - The effect of disk truncation on line profiles

    CERN Document Server

    Müller, A; Mueller, Andreas; Camenzind, Max

    2004-01-01

    Relativistic emission lines generated by thin accretion disks around rotating black holes are an important diagnostic tool for testing gravity near the horizon. The iron K-line is of special importance for the interpretation of the X-ray emission of Seyfert galaxies, quasars and galactic X-ray binary systems. A generalized kinematic model is presented which includes radial drifts and non-Keplerian rotations for the line emitters. The resulting line profiles are obtained with an object-oriented ray tracer operating in the curved Kerr background metric. The general form of the Doppler factor is presented which includes all kinds of poloidal and toroidal motions near the horizon. The parameters of the model include the spin parameter, the inclination, the truncation and outer radius of the disk, velocity profiles for rotation and radial drift, the emissivity profile and a multi-species line-system. The red wing flux is generally reduced when radial drift is included as compared to the pure Keplerian velocity fie...

  11. Confocal Line Scanning Sensor

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Chanbai, S; Wiora, G; Wewer, L [NanoFocus AG, Lindnerstr. 98, 46149 Oberhausen (Germany); Zafarullah, I [Applied Scientific Imaging Inc., Toronto (Canada); Roth, H, E-mail: chanbai@nanofocus.de, E-mail: wiora@nanofocus.de [Institute of Automatic Control Engineering, University of Siegen, Hoelderlinstr. 3, 57068 Siegen (Germany)

    2011-08-19

    We have developed a novel confocal-based imaging sensor for surface characterization. In this case, a tilted-plane technique is incorporated in a confocal imaging system to create a new parallel scanning scheme, enabling the sensor to be designed and developed as a robust and simple configuration. With a tilted disk consisting of in-line pinholes, a motionless parallel z scanning scheme is manifested when the specimen is transversely scanned through the stationary diffraction-foci projecting at different depths. This sensor uses a line scanning approach, so that it is entitled as a Confocal Line Scanning Sensor (CLSS). In this paper, the CLSS principle, the concept of data processing, and major calibration are described. The sensor was first developed as a two-dimensional profiler to cover the measurement ranges of up to 50 {mu}m in depth and up to 15 mm in lateral length. Experimental results were carried out using calibrated specimens for roughness measurement. In this system, the optical lateral resolution is 0.5 {mu}m, and the depth resolution, defined by noise-limited approach, is 15 nm.

  12. Line managers as marketers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rynne, T J

    1986-09-01

    Many hospital administrators and boards of directors, having overcome their initial opposition to advertising and hired a marketing professional, are wondering why their marketing programs have not accomplished all that they had hoped. The answer lies in their perception of who is responsible for marketing. Marketing is not a specialty separate from the disciplines of management--it is a basic management skill. Its goal is to satisfy the customer by providing products and services that meet the customer's needs, wants, and preferences. Line managers must understand the hospital's customers and make the critical day-to-day differences in satisfying them. They are the hospital's front-line marketers, and the marketing department's role is to support them in this function. The marketing department should develop the line managers' marketing skills by furnishing them with the appropriate tools: formats, models, examples, and instructions. In addition, the marketing staff should provide such specialized services as marketing research, ad agency management, and development of communications.

  13. Challenges in line edge roughness metrology in directed self-assembly lithography: placement errors and cross-line correlations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Constantoudis, Vassilios; Papavieros, George; Gogolides, Evangelos; Pret, Alessandro Vaglio; Pathangi, Hari; Gronheid, Roel

    2017-04-01

    Directed self-assembly (DSA) lithography poses challenges in line edge roughness (LER)/line width roughness metrology due to its self-organized and pitch-based nature. To cope with these challenges, a characterization approach with metrics and/or updates of the older ones is required. To this end, we focus on two specific challenges of DSA line patterns: (a) the large correlations between the left and right edges of a line (line wiggling) and (b) the cross-line correlations, i.e., the resemblance of wiggling fluctuations of nearby lines. The first is quantified by the line center roughness whose low-frequency part is related to the local placement errors of device structures. For the second, we introduce the c-factor correlation function, which quantifies the strength of the correlations between lines versus their horizontal distance in pitches. The proposed characterization approach is first illustrated and explained in synthesized scanning electron microscope images with full control of their dimensional and roughness parameters; it is then applied to the analysis of line/space patterns obtained with the Liu-Nealey flow (post-Polymethyl methacrylate removal and pattern transfer), revealing the effects of pattern transfer on roughness and uniformity. Finally, we calculate the c-factor function of various next-generation lithography techniques and show their distinct footprint on the extent of cross-line correlations.

  14. Extraction of line and rounded objects from underwater images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG Meng; YANG Jie; LIU Wei

    2006-01-01

    In the field of underwater image processing, the line and rounded objects, like mines and torpedoes, are the most common targets for recognition. Before further analysis, these two image patterns need to be detected and extracted from the underwater images in real-time. Using the subpixel position, direction and curvature information of an edge provided by Zernike Orthogonal Moment (ZOM) edge detection operators, an enhanced Randomized Hough Transform (RHT) to extract straight-lines is developed. This line extraction method consists of two steps: the rough parameters of a line are obtained robustly at first using RHT with large quantization in the Hough space and then the parameters are refined with line fitting techniques. Therefore both the robustness and high precision can be achieved simultaneously. Particularly, the problem of ellipse extraction is often computationally demanding using traditional Hough Transform, since an ellipse is characterized by five parameters. Based on the generalized K-RASAC algorithm, we develop a new ellipse extraction algorithm using the concept of quadratic curve cluster and random sampling technique. We first develop a new representation of quadratic curves, which facilitates quantization and voting for the parameter λ that represents a candidate ellipse among the quadratic curves. Then, after selecting two tangent points and calculating the quadratic parameter equation, we vote for the parameter λ to determine an ellipse. Thus the problem of ellipse extraction is reduced into finding the local minimum in the λ accumulator array. The methods presented have been applied successfully to the extraction of lines and ellipses from synthetic and real underwater images, serving as a basic computer vision module of the underwater objects recognition system. Compared to the standard RHT line extraction method and K-RANSAC ellipse extraction method, our methods have the attractive advantages of obtaining robustness and high precision

  15. On-line monitoring and control of animal-cell cultures

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Pol, van der J.J.

    1996-01-01


    On-line analysis and control of biotechnological processes is still the stepchild in industry. In general, only parameters as dissolved-oxygen concentration, pH and temperature are controlled on-line. Important parameters as substrate and inhibitor concentrations are only measured

  16. Stellar and wind parameters of massive stars from spectral analysis

    Science.gov (United States)

    Araya, I.; Curé, M.

    2017-07-01

    The only way to deduce information from stars is to decode the radiation it emits in an appropriate way. Spectroscopy can solve this and derive many properties of stars. In this work we seek to derive simultaneously the stellar and wind characteristics of A and B supergiant stars. Our stellar properties encompass the effective temperature, the surface gravity, the stellar radius, the micro-turbulence velocity, the rotational velocity and, finally, the chemical composition. For wind properties we consider the mass-loss rate, the terminal velocity and the line-force parameters (α, k and δ) obtained from the standard line-driven wind theory. To model the data we use the radiative transport code Fastwind considering the newest hydrodynamical solutions derived with Hydwind code, which needs stellar and line-force parameters to obtain a wind solution. A grid of spectral models of massive stars is created and together with the observed spectra their physical properties are determined through spectral line fittings. These fittings provide an estimation about the line-force parameters, whose theoretical calculations are extremely complex. Furthermore, we expect to confirm that the hydrodynamical solutions obtained with a value of δ slightly larger than ˜ 0.25, called δ-slow solutions, describe quite reliable the radiation line-driven winds of A and late B supergiant stars and at the same time explain disagreements between observational data and theoretical models for the Wind-Momentum Luminosity Relationship (WLR).

  17. Timetable Attractiveness Parameters

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Schittenhelm, Bernd

    2008-01-01

    Timetable attractiveness is influenced by a set of key parameters that are described in this article. Regarding the superior structure of the timetable, the trend in Europe goes towards periodic regular interval timetables. Regular departures and focus on optimal transfer possibilities make...... these timetables attractive. The travel time in the timetable depends on the characteristics of the infrastructure and rolling stock, the heterogeneity of the planned train traffic and the necessary number of transfers on the passenger’s journey. Planned interdependencies between trains, such as transfers...... and heterogeneous traffic, add complexity to the timetable. The risk of spreading initial delays to other trains and parts of the network increases with the level of timetable complexity....

  18. varying elastic parameters distributions

    KAUST Repository

    Moussawi, Ali

    2014-12-01

    The experimental identication of mechanical properties is crucial in mechanics for understanding material behavior and for the development of numerical models. Classical identi cation procedures employ standard shaped specimens, assume that the mechanical elds in the object are homogeneous, and recover global properties. Thus, multiple tests are required for full characterization of a heterogeneous object, leading to a time consuming and costly process. The development of non-contact, full- eld measurement techniques from which complex kinematic elds can be recorded has opened the door to a new way of thinking. From the identi cation point of view, suitable methods can be used to process these complex kinematic elds in order to recover multiple spatially varying parameters through one test or a few tests. The requirement is the development of identi cation techniques that can process these complex experimental data. This thesis introduces a novel identi cation technique called the constitutive compatibility method. The key idea is to de ne stresses as compatible with the observed kinematic eld through the chosen class of constitutive equation, making possible the uncoupling of the identi cation of stress from the identi cation of the material parameters. This uncoupling leads to parametrized solutions in cases where 5 the solution is non-unique (due to unknown traction boundary conditions) as demonstrated on 2D numerical examples. First the theory is outlined and the method is demonstrated in 2D applications. Second, the method is implemented within a domain decomposition framework in order to reduce the cost for processing very large problems. Finally, it is extended to 3D numerical examples. Promising results are shown for 2D and 3D problems.

  19. Intraspecific variation in the response of Arabidopsis thaliana lines to elevated atmospheric CO2

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van der Kooij, TAW; De Kok, LJ; Stulen, I.

    2000-01-01

    Since a study of the intraspecific variation in the response to elevated CO2 of different genetic lines of one species might reveal the parameters essential for the response of a species to elevated CO2, thirteen lines of Arabidopsis thaliana L. were exposed to elevated CO2 (700 mul l(-1)). All line

  20. Solar eclipse effect on geomagnetic induction parameters

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Ádám

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available The 11 August 1999 total solar eclipse had been studied using a large array of stations in Central Europe (Bencze et al., 2005. According to the result of this study, the amplitudes of the field line resonance (FLR-type pulsations decreased in and around the dark spot by about a factor of 2, and this decrease moved with the velocity of the dark spot in the same direction. This decrease was interpreted as a switch-off of the FLR-type pulsations, due to a change in the eigenperiod of the field line as a consequence of a change in the charged particle distribution along the field line. An effect was also found in the phase of the (magnetic or electric perpendicular components.

    line-height: 20px;"> At the Nagycenk (NCK observatory lying in the zone of totality, both magnetic and electric records were available. The magnetotelluric (MT sounding curve computed by the usual method for the eclipse interval (08:00-14:00 UT fits the previously known standard curve extremely well. During the eclipse, however, impedance values in the FLR period range were highly scattered. The scatter remained as long as the eclipse lasted. Coherence values between magnetic and electric components decreased significantly. In contrast, an earlier similar switch-off of the FLR-type activity on the same day did not cause a similar scatter, in spite of a comparably low coherence. Thus, the lack of FLR-type activity disturbed the usual MT connection between the magnetic and electric components during the eclipse.

    line-height: 20px;"> The induction vector (tipper, especially its real part, shows a clear effect of the eclipse in the FLR period range (24-29 s, too. Both at NCK and at Bad Bergzabern (BBZ, westernmost station and longest FLR period, a definite decrease in the real tipper was ascertained during the totality. The average direction of the tipper did not change.

    line-height: 20px;"> Concerning both parameters, a random effect cannot fully

  1. Beam Parameters Measurement Based On Tv Methods

    CERN Document Server

    Klimenkov, E; Milichenko, Yu; Voevodin, V

    2004-01-01

    The paper describes hardware and software used to control TV-cameras and to process TV-images of luminescent screens placed along the beam transfer lines. Industrial devices manually control the movements and focusing of the cameras. All devices are linked to PC via PCI interfaces with homemade drivers for Linux OS and provide both selection of camera and digitizing of video signal synchronized with beam. One part of software provides means to set initial parameters using PC consol. Thus an operator can choose contrast, brightness, some number of significant points on TV-image to calculate beam position and its size. Second part supports remote TV controls and data processing from Control Rooms of U-70 complex using set initial parameters. First experience and results of the method realization are discussed.

  2. Study on the automatic process of line heating for pillow shape plate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    This paper focuses on the process for pillow shape plate by line heating technique, which is widely applied in the production of ship hull. Based on the analysis of primary parameters and experimental data in line heating process, the amount of local contraction generated by line heating has been illustrated. Then, combining with the computational result of local deformation determined by shell plate development, an optimization method for line heating parameters has been studied. This prediction system may provide rational arrangements of heating lines and technical parameters of process. By integrating the prediction system into the line heating robot for pillow shape plate, the automatic process of line heating for pillow shape plate can be achieved.

  3. Synthesis, Characterization and Application of 2-Line and 6-Line ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Michael Horsfall

    Synthesis, Characterization and Application of 2-Line and 6-Line Ferrihydrite to Pb(II). Removal from Aqueous ... found applications in medicine, catalysis, electronic device and ..... thermodynamics of dyes onto acid activated low cost carbon.

  4. Correction method for line extraction in vision measurement.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mingwei Shao

    Full Text Available Over-exposure and perspective distortion are two of the main factors underlying inaccurate feature extraction. First, based on Steger's method, we propose a method for correcting curvilinear structures (lines extracted from over-exposed images. A new line model based on the Gaussian line profile is developed, and its description in the scale space is provided. The line position is analytically determined by the zero crossing of its first-order derivative, and the bias due to convolution with the normal Gaussian kernel function is eliminated on the basis of the related description. The model considers over-exposure features and is capable of detecting the line position in an over-exposed image. Simulations and experiments show that the proposed method is not significantly affected by the exposure level and is suitable for correcting lines extracted from an over-exposed image. In our experiments, the corrected result is found to be more precise than the uncorrected result by around 45.5%. Second, we analyze perspective distortion, which is inevitable during line extraction owing to the projective camera model. The perspective distortion can be rectified on the basis of the bias introduced as a function of related parameters. The properties of the proposed model and its application to vision measurement are discussed. In practice, the proposed model can be adopted to correct line extraction according to specific requirements by employing suitable parameters.

  5. Worldlines as Wilson Lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Green, Daniel; /SLAC /Stanford U., Dept. Phys.

    2008-04-29

    Gravitational theories do not admit gauge invariant local operators. We study the limits under which there exists a quasi-local description for a class of non-local gravitational observables where a sum over worldlines plays the role of the Wilson line for gauge theory observables. We study non-local corrections to the local description and circumstances where these corrections become large. We find that these operators are quasi-local in at space and AdS, but fail to be quasi-local in de Sitter space.

  6. Pink-line syndrome

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Ravindran J.; Raghukumar, C.; Manikandan, B.

    and spread over the coral skeleton initially with the coral tissue turning pink after few days. Fungi inoculated corals did not develop color (Ravindran et al. 2006b). Pink Line Syndrome has also been referred to as “pigmentation response” and “hyper-pigmented... is in Guam and Hawaiian archipelago (Vargas-Angel and Wheeler 2009). PLS, also referred to as a pigmentation response, has been reported in the central visayas and the Lingayen Gulf of the Philippines (Raymundo et al. 2005). The prevalence...

  7. The lateral line microcosmos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ghysen, Alain; Dambly-Chaudière, Christine

    2007-09-01

    The lateral-line system is a simple sensory system comprising a number of discrete sense organs, the neuromasts, distributed over the body of fish and amphibians in species-specific patterns. Its development involves fundamental biological processes such as long-range cell migration, planar cell polarity, regeneration, and post-embryonic remodeling. These aspects have been extensively studied in amphibians by experimental embryologists, but it is only recently that the genetic bases of this development have been explored in zebrafish. This review discusses progress made over the past few years in this field.

  8. Developing Green Line Products

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Muñoz-Marin, Ana Maria; Lassen, Astrid Heidemann; Poulsen, Søren Bolvig

    2011-01-01

    This publication is based on the Master thesis “User-driven ecoinnovation process: Towards the implementation of the Green product line at JELD-WEN” written by Ana Maria Muñoz-Marin as her Graduation Project for the MSc. Global Innovation Management degree. The company-based experiment was carried...... out during February 1st and May 31st 2011. The Master thesis is developed as part of the InnoDoors research project at Aalborg University, and in close collaboration with the companies related to this project. Additionally data collected from workshops with companies and qualitative and quantitative...

  9. Supersymmetric Open Wilson Lines

    CERN Document Server

    Baker, Edward B

    2011-01-01

    In this paper we study Open Wilson Lines (OWL's) in the context of two Supersymmetric Yang Mills theories. First we consider four dimensional N=2 Supersymmetric Yang Mills Theory with hypermultiplets transforming in the fundamental representation of the gauge group, and find supersymmetric OWL's only in the superconformal versions of these theories. We then consider four dimensional N=4 SYM coupled to a three dimensional defect hypermultiplet. Here there is a semi-circular supersymmetric OWL, which is related to the ray by a conformal transformation. We perform a perturbative calculation of the operators in both theories, and discuss using localization to compute them non-perturbatively.

  10. The Narrow Line Region of Narrow-Line Seyfert 1 Galaxies

    CERN Document Server

    Rodríguez-Ardila, A; Pastoriza, M G; Donzelli, C J

    2000-01-01

    This work studies the optical emission line properties and physical conditions of the narrow line region (NLR) of seven narrow-line Seyfert 1 galaxies (NLS1). Our results show that the flux carried out by the narrow component of H-beta is, on average, 50% of the total line flux. As a result, the [OIII] 5007/H-beta ratio emitted in the NLR varies from 1 to 5, instead of the universally adopted value of 10. This has strong implications for the required spectral energy distribution that ionizes the NLR gas. Photoionization models that consider a NLR composed of a combination of matter-bounded and ionization-bounded clouds are successful at explaining the low [OIII] 5007/H-beta ratio and the weakness of low-ionization lines of NLS1s. Variation of the relative proportion of these two type of clouds nicely reproduce the dispersion of narrow line ratios found among the NLS1 sample. Assuming similar physical model parameters of both NLS1s and the normal Seyfert 1 galaxy NGC 5548, we show that the observed differences...

  11. From Off-line to On-line Handwriting Recognition

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Lallican, P.; Viard-Gaudin, C.; Knerr, S.

    2004-01-01

    On-line handwriting includes more information on time order of the writing signal and on the dynamics of the writing process than off-line handwriting. Therefore, on-line recognition systems achieve higher recognition rates. This can be concluded from results reported in the literature, and has been

  12. [Acoustical parameters of toys].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Harazin, Barbara

    2010-01-01

    Toys play an important role in the development of the sight and hearing concentration in children. They also support the development of manipulation, gently influence a child and excite its emotional activities. A lot of toys emit various sounds. The aim of the study was to assess sound levels produced by sound-emitting toys used by young children. Acoustical parameters of noise were evaluated for 16 sound-emitting plastic toys in laboratory conditions. The noise level was recorded at four different distances, 10, 20, 25 and 30 cm, from the toy. Measurements of A-weighted sound pressure levels and noise levels in octave band in the frequency range from 31.5 Hz to 16 kHz were performed at each distance. Taking into consideration the highest equivalent A-weighted sound levels produced by tested toys, they can be divided into four groups: below 70 dB (6 toys), from 70 to 74 dB (4 toys), from 75 to 84 dB (3 toys) and from 85 to 94 dB (3 toys). The majority of toys (81%) emitted dominant sound levels in octave band at the frequency range from 2 kHz to 4 kHz. Sound-emitting toys produce the highest acoustic energy at the frequency range of the highest susceptibility of the auditory system. Noise levels produced by some toys can be dangerous to children's hearing.

  13. Spectroscopic parameters for solar-type stars with moderate/high rotation. New parameters for 10 planet-hosts

    CERN Document Server

    Tsantaki, M; Santos, N C; Montalto, M; Delgado-Mena, E; Mortier, A; Adibekyan, V; Israelian, G

    2014-01-01

    Planetary studies demand precise and accurate stellar parameters as input to infer the planetary properties. Different methods often provide different results that could lead to biases in the planetary parameters. In this work, we present a refinement of the spectral synthesis technique designed to treat better more rapidly rotating FGK stars. This method is used to derive precise stellar parameters, namely effective temperature, surface gravity, metallicitity and rotational velocity. This procedure is tested for samples of low and moderate/fast rotating FGK stars. The spectroscopic analysis is based on the spectral synthesis package Spectroscopy Made Easy (SME), assuming Kurucz model atmospheres in LTE. The line list where the synthesis is conducted, is comprised of iron lines and the atomic data are derived after solar calibration. The comparison of our stellar parameters shows good agreement with literature values, both for low and for higher rotating stars. In addition, our results are on the same scale w...

  14. Extremally charged line

    CERN Document Server

    Ryzner, Jiří

    2016-01-01

    We investigate the properties of a static, cylindrically symmetric Majumdar-Papapetrou-type solution of Einstein-Maxwell equations. We locate its singularities, establish its algebraic type, find its asymptotic properties and weak-field limit, study the structure of electrogeodesics, and determine the mass and charge of its sources. We provide an interpretation of the spacetime and discuss the parameter appearing in the metric.

  15. Meat quality characteristics in different lines of Iberian pigs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muriel, Elena; Ruiz, Jorge; Ventanas, Jesùs; Jesús Petrón, Maria; Antequera, Teresa

    2004-06-01

    Physico-chemical parameters involved in technological meat quality for dry cured processing of four different lines (Entrepelado, Lampiño, Retinto and Torbiscal) of Iberian pigs were studied in the Masseter (MS) and Longissimus dorsi (LD) muscles. The line of Iberian pig significantly affected intramuscular fat content of MS muscle, animals from the Torbiscal line showing lower values. Proportions of several fatty acids of total lipids and polar lipids from the MS muscle were also affected. However, fatty acid composition and total lipids, neutral lipids and polar lipids of LD muscle and neutral lipids of MS muscle were scarcely affected. Lipid oxidation was also unaffected by Iberian pig line, but instrumental colour parameters of MS muscle showed significant variations.

  16. Registration of multitemporal aerial optical images using line features

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhao, Chenyang; Goshtasby, A. Ardeshir

    2016-07-01

    Registration of multitemporal images is generally considered difficult because scene changes can occur between the times the images are obtained. Since the changes are mostly radiometric in nature, features are needed that are insensitive to radiometric differences between the images. Lines are geometric features that represent straight edges of rigid man-made structures. Because such structures rarely change over time, lines represent stable geometric features that can be used to register multitemporal remote sensing images. An algorithm to establish correspondence between lines in two images of a planar scene is introduced and formulas to relate the parameters of a homography transformation to the parameters of corresponding lines in images are derived. Results of the proposed image registration on various multitemporal images are presented and discussed.

  17. Thermal fluctuations of an interface near a contact line

    CERN Document Server

    Belardinelli, D; Gross, M; Andreotti, B

    2016-01-01

    The effect of thermal fluctuations near a contact line of a liquid interface partially wetting an impenetrable substrate is studied analytically and numerically. Promoting both the interface profile and the contact line position to random variables, we explore the equilibrium properties of the corresponding fluctuating contact line problem based on an interfacial Hamiltonian involving a "contact" binding potential. To facilitate an analytical treatment we consider the case of a one-dimensional interface. The effective boundary condition at the contact line is determined by a dimensionless parameter that encodes the relative importance of thermal energy and substrate energy at the microscopic scale. We find that this parameter controls the transition from a partially wetting to a pseudo-partial wetting state, the latter being characterized by a thin prewetting film of fixed thickness. In the partial wetting regime, instead, the profile typically approaches the substrate via an exponentially thinning prewetting...

  18. Dynamic wetting and stress singularity on contact line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    WANG; Xiaodong; (王晓东); PENG; Xiaofeng; (彭晓峰); LEE; Duzhong; (李笃中)

    2003-01-01

    A theoretical investigation is conducted to understand the contact line movement and associated contact angle phenomena. Contact line is supposed to move on a thin precursor film, and contact line has a velocity and is subject to viscous stress on the film or geometrically on the solid surface. With the introduction of a characteristic parameter, λ′, the movement of contact line and contact angle phenomena are very well described in both physics and mathematics. The viscous shearing stress exerted by liquid on solid surface was derived, and the behavior of dynamic contact angle was recognized on rough solid surfaces. The analyses indicate that characteristic parameter λ′ is dependent upon solid wall intrinsic property and mechanical performance, and is irrelevant to liquid property. Theoretical predictions are in good agreement with available experimental data in literature.

  19. Strategic production line synchronisation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hattingh, Teresa

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available A study was conducted at the sole global producer of suspension struts for a particular vehicle manufacturer. This supplier is currently able to meet customer demand. However, it does so because of a large finished goods and work-in-progress (WIP inventory. The plant operates two production processes that are separated by a large buffer of WIP, which essentially decouples the production processes. This study aimed to reduce this WIP buffer; this would require the processes to become synchronised, bearing in mind that the reliability of delivery should not decrease. A tool that considers time, quality, and machine capacity was developed to assess the impact of line synchronisation on company performance figures. It was found that line synchronisation produced several benefits for the supplier, including batch size reduction, lower inventory levels, and associated shorter lead times. This further allowed the supplier to improve flow in the plant by introducing a pull system. Improved visual oversight could lead to further improved problem-solving and innovation.

  20. Modeling and characterization of multiple coupled lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tripathi, Alok

    1999-10-01

    A configuration-oriented circuit model for multiple coupled lines in an inhomogeneous medium is developed and presented in this thesis. This circuit model consists of a network of uncoupled transmission lines and is readily modeled with simulation tools like LIBRA© and SPICE ©. It provides an equivalent circuit representation which is simple and topologically meaningful as compared to the model based on modal decomposition. The configuration-oriented model is derived by decomposing the immittance matrices associated with an n coupled line 2n-port system. Time- and frequency- domain simulations of typical coupled line multiports are included to exemplify the utility of the model. The model is useful for the simulation and design of general single and multilayer coupled line components, such as filters and couplers, and for the investigation of signal integrity issues including crosstalk in interconnects associated with high speed digital and mixed signal electronic modules and packages. It is shown that multiconductor lossless structures in an inhomogeneous medium can be characterized by multiport time-domain reflection (MR) measurements. A synthesis technique of an equivalent lossless (non-dispersive) uniform multiconductor n coupled lines (UMCL) 2n-port system from the measured discrete time-domain reflection response is presented. This procedure is based on the decomposition of the characteristic immittance matrices of the UMCL in terms of partial mode immittance matrices. The decomposition scheme leads to the discrete transition matrix function of a UMCL 2n-port system. This in turn establishes a relationship between the normal-mode parameters of the UMCL and the measured impulse reflection and transmission response. Equivalence between the synthesis procedure presented in this thesis and the solution of a special form of an algebraic Riccati matrix equation whose solution can lead to the normal-mode parameters and a real termination network is illustrated. In

  1. A study of parameter identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    Herget, C. J.; Patterson, R. E., III

    1978-01-01

    A set of definitions for deterministic parameter identification ability were proposed. Deterministic parameter identificability properties are presented based on four system characteristics: direct parameter recoverability, properties of the system transfer function, properties of output distinguishability, and uniqueness properties of a quadratic cost functional. Stochastic parameter identifiability was defined in terms of the existence of an estimation sequence for the unknown parameters which is consistent in probability. Stochastic parameter identifiability properties are presented based on the following characteristics: convergence properties of the maximum likelihood estimate, properties of the joint probability density functions of the observations, and properties of the information matrix.

  2. Relationship between the Virtual Dynamic Thinning Line and the Self-Thinning Boundary Line in Simulated Plant Populations

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Kang Chen; Hong-Mei Kang; Juan Bai; Xiang-Wen Fang; Gang Wang

    2008-01-01

    The self-thinning rule defines a straight upper boundary line on log-log scales for all possible combinations of mean individual biomass and density in plant populations. Recently, the traditional slope of the upper boundary line, -3/2, has been challenged by -4/3 which is deduced from some new mechanical theories, like the metabolic theory. More experimental or field studies should be carried out to identify the more accurate self-thinning exponent. But it's hard to obtain the accurate self-thinning exponent by fitting to data points directly because of the intrinsic problem of subjectivity in data selection. The virtual dynamic thinning line is derived from the competition-density (C-D) effect as the initial density tends to be positive infinity, avoiding the data selection process. The purpose of this study was to study the relationship between the virtual dynamic thinning line and the upper boundary line in simulated plant stands. Our research showed that the upper boundary line and the virtual dynamic thinning line were both straight lines on log-log scales. The slopes were almost the same value with only a very little difference of 0.059, and the intercept of the upper boundary line was a little larger than that of the virtual dynamic thinning line. As initial size and spatial distribution patterns became more uniform, the virtual dynamic thinning line was more similar to the upper boundary line. This implies that, given appropriate parameters, the virtual dynamic thinning line may be used as the upper boundary line in simulated plant stands.

  3. A General Equation Derived by Field Theory for the Use of Uniform Transmission Line with Mutual Inductance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    HONGQingquan; WANGJiancheng; CHENShennian

    2004-01-01

    Beginning with 2 independent equations in integral form derived from Maxwell equation, a most general equation is inferred for the use of uniform transmission line where mutual inductance exists between two conductors in all different line segments of unit lengths;and moreover, the formulas of the magnitude of parameters are given for the use of line segments of unit length on uniform transmission line. A method of field theory is thus offered for analyzing distributed parameter circuit.

  4. Relative or Absolute Poverty Lines - A New Approach

    OpenAIRE

    Madden, David

    1999-01-01

    When measuring poverty over time analysts must choose the value of the income elasticity of the poverty line, which essentially determines whether an absolute or relative poverty line is being used. The choice of this parameter is ultimately a value judgement but this paper suggests an approach which has some empirical basis. Borrowing from the life-style and deprivation approach to poverty various dimensions of poverty and deprivation are identified and the income elasticity of these items i...

  5. Stable Delay of Microstrip Line with Side Grounded Conductors

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    T. R. Gazizov

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available Characteristics of transmission lines are addressed. Wave impedance and per-unit-length delay of the microstrip structure with grounded side conductors on three layers are calculated under different parameters of the structure. A line which provides the desired value of wave impedance and constant per-unit-length delay, at the expense of correction of the gaps on different layers, is proposed.

  6. Stark Broadening in Compact Stars: Xe VI Lines

    Indian Academy of Sciences (India)

    Milan S. Dimitrijević; Zoran Simić; Andjelka Kovačević; Aleksandar Valjarević; Sylvie Sahal-Bréchot

    2015-12-01

    We will consider Stark broadening of non hydrogenic spectral lines in the impact approximation in compact stars: pre-white dwarf and white dwarf atmospheres. In order to show an example, Stark broadening parameters have been calculated, using the impact semiclassical perturbation approach for four Xe VI spectral lines. Obtained results have been used to demonstrate the influence of Stark broadening in DA and DB white dwarf atmospheres.

  7. YOGA IMPROVES CARDIOVASCULAR PARAMETERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pramod P. Kadu

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT Yoga in ancient technique practices by sage for a desirable and healthy life. Yogic exercise and Pranayam may modulate cardiovascular function. To assess the cardiovascular parameter in control and study group. We selected 90 healthy volunteers between age group 35 – 50 years and divided into two groups. i Study group – 45 ii Control group – 45. Control group was not doing any type of exercise or yoga during 1 yr of period whereas yoga group did yogic exercise for 1 yr under supervision of yoga expert. In both the group heart rate SBP and DBP evaluate at 0, 6 and 12 month period. In control group heart rate, SBP, and DBP showed no significant change at 0, 6, and 12 month reading, whereas study group (yoga 81.96±5.65 showed significant decreased heart rate From 81.96 ±5.65 to 75.60 ± 3.44 at 6 month and 73.75 ± 11.36 at 12 month (p<0.001 SBP decreased from 128 ± 7.66 to 120.97 ± 4.21 at 6 month and 120.48± 3.86 at 12 months (p<0.001. DBP showed significant decreased from 88.44 ± 5.25 to 80.53 ± 3.44 at 6 months and 80.53 ± 2.53 at 12months (p<0.001. Yogic exercise and Pranayam done regularly at long term improve cardiovascular efficiency.

  8. Optimizing Transmission Line Matching Circuits

    OpenAIRE

    Novak, S.

    1996-01-01

    When designing transmission line matching circuits, there exist often overlooked, additional, not much used, degree of choice in the selection of the transmission line impedance. In this work are presented results of CAD analysis for the two element transmission line matching networks, demonstrating that selecting matching circuits transmission lines with higher impedance, than usually used 50 or 75 ohms, can in most cases substantially decrease the physical dimension of the final matching ci...

  9. Eliminating harmonics in line to line voltage using genetic algorithm using multilevel inverter

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gunasekaran, R. [Excel College of Engineering and Technology, Komarapalayam (India). Electrical and Electronics Engineering; Karthikeyan, C. [K.S. Rangasamy College of Engineering, Tamil Nadu (India). Electrical and Electronics Engineering

    2017-04-15

    In this project the total harmonic distortion (THD) minimization of the multilevel inverters output voltage is discussed. The approach in reducing harmonics contents in inverters output voltage is THD elimination. The switching angles are varied with the fundamental frequency so the output THD is minimized. In three phase applications, the line voltage harmonics are of the main concern from the load point of view. Using a genetic algorithm, a THD minimization process is directly applied to the line to line voltage of the inverter. Genetic (GA) algorithm allows the determination of the optimized parameters and consequently an optimal operating point of the circuit and a wide pass band with a unity gain is obtained.

  10. CORA - emission line fitting with Maximum Likelihood

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ness, J.-U.; Wichmann, R.

    2002-07-01

    The advent of pipeline-processed data both from space- and ground-based observatories often disposes of the need of full-fledged data reduction software with its associated steep learning curve. In many cases, a simple tool doing just one task, and doing it right, is all one wishes. In this spirit we introduce CORA, a line fitting tool based on the maximum likelihood technique, which has been developed for the analysis of emission line spectra with low count numbers and has successfully been used in several publications. CORA uses a rigorous application of Poisson statistics. From the assumption of Poissonian noise we derive the probability for a model of the emission line spectrum to represent the measured spectrum. The likelihood function is used as a criterion for optimizing the parameters of the theoretical spectrum and a fixed point equation is derived allowing an efficient way to obtain line fluxes. As an example we demonstrate the functionality of the program with an X-ray spectrum of Capella obtained with the Low Energy Transmission Grating Spectrometer (LETGS) on board the Chandra observatory and choose the analysis of the Ne IX triplet around 13.5 Å.

  11. CLO : The cell line ontology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarntivijai, Sirarat; Lin, Yu; Xiang, Zuoshuang; Meehan, Terrence F.; Diehl, Alexander D.; Vempati, Uma D.; Schuerer, Stephan C.; Pang, Chao; Malone, James; Parkinson, Helen; Liu, Yue; Takatsuki, Terue; Saijo, Kaoru; Masuya, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Yukio; Brush, Matthew H.; Haendel, Melissa A.; Zheng, Jie; Stoeckert, Christian J.; Peters, Bjoern; Mungall, Christopher J.; Carey, Thomas E.; States, David J.; Athey, Brian D.; He, Yongqun

    2014-01-01

    Background: Cell lines have been widely used in biomedical research. The community-based Cell Line Ontology (CLO) is a member of the OBO Foundry library that covers the domain of cell lines. Since its publication two years ago, significant updates have been made, including new groups joining the CLO

  12. The Median-Median Line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wilson, David C.

    2010-01-01

    Graphing bivariate data in a scatter plot and drawing an approximate line of best fit for the data have become commonly recommended activities for middle school and high school students. The graphing calculator has provided a mechanism for students both to approximate a best-fit line and to calculate the best-fit line using a built-in option. Two…

  13. CLO : The cell line ontology

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sarntivijai, Sirarat; Lin, Yu; Xiang, Zuoshuang; Meehan, Terrence F.; Diehl, Alexander D.; Vempati, Uma D.; Schuerer, Stephan C.; Pang, Chao; Malone, James; Parkinson, Helen; Liu, Yue; Takatsuki, Terue; Saijo, Kaoru; Masuya, Hiroshi; Nakamura, Yukio; Brush, Matthew H.; Haendel, Melissa A.; Zheng, Jie; Stoeckert, Christian J.; Peters, Bjoern; Mungall, Christopher J.; Carey, Thomas E.; States, David J.; Athey, Brian D.; He, Yongqun

    2014-01-01

    Background: Cell lines have been widely used in biomedical research. The community-based Cell Line Ontology (CLO) is a member of the OBO Foundry library that covers the domain of cell lines. Since its publication two years ago, significant updates have been made, including new groups joining the CLO

  14. Accurate Stellar Parameters for Exoplanet Host Stars

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brewer, John Michael; Fischer, Debra; Basu, Sarbani; Valenti, Jeff A.

    2015-01-01

    A large impedement to our understanding of planet formation is obtaining a clear picture of planet radii and densities. Although determining precise ratios between planet and stellar host are relatively easy, determining accurate stellar parameters is still a difficult and costly undertaking. High resolution spectral analysis has traditionally yielded precise values for some stellar parameters but stars in common between catalogs from different authors or analyzed using different techniques often show offsets far in excess of their uncertainties. Most analyses now use some external constraint, when available, to break observed degeneracies between surface gravity, effective temperature, and metallicity which can otherwise lead to correlated errors in results. However, these external constraints are impossible to obtain for all stars and can require more costly observations than the initial high resolution spectra. We demonstrate that these discrepencies can be mitigated by use of a larger line list that has carefully tuned atomic line data. We use an iterative modeling technique that does not require external constraints. We compare the surface gravity obtained with our spectral synthesis modeling to asteroseismically determined values for 42 Kepler stars. Our analysis agrees well with only a 0.048 dex offset and an rms scatter of 0.05 dex. Such accurate stellar gravities can reduce the primary source of uncertainty in radii by almost an order of magnitude over unconstrained spectral analysis.

  15. Parameters of care for craniosynostosis

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    McCarthy, Joseph G; Warren, Stephen M; Bernstein, Joseph

    2012-01-01

    A multidisciplinary meeting was held from March 4 to 6, 2010, in Atlanta, Georgia, entitled "Craniosynostosis: Developing Parameters for Diagnosis, Treatment, and Management." The goal of this meeting was to create parameters of care for individuals with craniosynostosis....

  16. Multi-transmission-line-beam interactive system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Figotin, Alexander; Reyes, Guillermo [Department of Mathematics, University of California at Irvine, Irvine, California 92697-3875 (United States)

    2013-11-15

    We construct here a Lagrangian field formulation for a system consisting of an electron beam interacting with a slow-wave structure modeled by a possibly non-uniform multiple transmission line (MTL). In the case of a single line we recover the linear model of a traveling wave tube due to J. R. Pierce. Since a properly chosen MTL can approximate a real waveguide structure with any desired accuracy, the proposed model can be used in particular for design optimization. Furthermore, the Lagrangian formulation provides: (i) a clear identification of the mathematical source of amplification, (ii) exact expressions for the conserved energy and its flux distributions obtained from the Noether theorem. In the case of uniform MTLs we carry out an exhaustive analysis of eigenmodes and find sharp conditions on the parameters of the system to provide for amplifying regimes.

  17. An Assembly Line Balancing Problem Automotive Cables

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Triki Hager

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available In this paper, an Assembly Line Balancing Problem (ALBP is presented in a real-world automotive cables manufacturer company. This company found it necessary to balance its line, since it needs to increase the production rate. In this ALBP, the number of stations is known and the objective is to minimize cycle time where both precedence and zoning constrains must be satisfied. This problem is formulated as a binary linear program (BLP. Since this problem is NP-hard, an innovative Genetic Algorithm (GA is implemented. The full factorial design is used to obtain the better combination GA parameters and a simple convergence experimental study is performed on the stopping criteria to reduce computational time. Comparison of the proposed GA results with CPLEX software shows that, in a reasonable time, the GA generates consistent solutions that are very close to their optimal ones. Therefore, the proposed GA approach is very effective and competitive.

  18. Parameter calibration for synthesizing realistic-looking variability in offline handwriting

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cheng, Wen; Lopresti, Dan

    2011-01-01

    Motivated by the widely accepted principle that the more training data, the better a recognition system performs, we conducted experiments asking human subjects to do evaluate a mixture of real English handwritten text lines and text lines altered from existing handwriting with various distortion degrees. The idea of generating synthetic handwriting is based on a perturbation method by T. Varga and H. Bunke that distorts an entire text line. There are two purposes of our experiments. First, we want to calibrate distortion parameter settings for Varga and Bunke's perturbation model. Second, we intend to compare the effects of parameter settings on different writing styles: block, cursive and mixed. From the preliminary experimental results, we determined appropriate ranges for parameter amplitude, and found that parameter settings should be altered for different handwriting styles. With the proper parameter settings, it should be possible to generate large amount of training and testing data for building better off-line handwriting recognition systems.

  19. S-parameter uncertainty computations

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Vidkjær, Jens

    1993-01-01

    A method for computing uncertainties of measured s-parameters is presented. Unlike the specification software provided with network analyzers, the new method is capable of calculating the uncertainties of arbitrary s-parameter sets and instrument settings.......A method for computing uncertainties of measured s-parameters is presented. Unlike the specification software provided with network analyzers, the new method is capable of calculating the uncertainties of arbitrary s-parameter sets and instrument settings....

  20. Line Emission from Radiation-Pressurized HII Regions I: Internal Structure and Line Ratios

    CERN Document Server

    Yeh, Sherry C C; Krumholz, Mark R; Matzner, Christopher D; Tielens, Alexander G G M

    2013-01-01

    The emission line ratios [OIII]5007/H-beta and [NII]6584/H-alpha have been adopted as an empirical way to distinguish between the fundamentally different mechanisms of ionization in emission-line galaxies. However, detailed interpretation of these diagnostics requires calculations of the internal structure of the emitting HII regions, and these calculations depend on the assumptions one makes about the relative importance of radiation pressure and stellar winds. In this paper we construct a grid of quasi-static HII region models to explore how choices about these parameters alter HII regions' emission line ratios. We find that, when radiation pressure is included in our models, HII regions reach a saturation point beyond which further increases in the luminosity of the driving stars does not produce any further increase in effective ionization parameter, and thus does not yield any further alteration in an HII region's line ratio. We also show that, if stellar winds are assumed to be strong, the maximum possi...

  1. A spine-sheath model for strong-line blazars

    OpenAIRE

    2015-01-01

    We have developed a quasi-analytical model for the production of radiation in strong-line blazars, assuming a spine-sheath jet structure. The model allows us to study how the spine and sheath spectral components depend on parameters describing the geometrical and physical structure of "the blazar zone". We show that typical broad-band spectra of strong-line blazars can be reproduced by assuming the magnetization parameter to be of order unity and reconnection to be the dominant dissipation me...

  2. Drawing the Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2016-01-01

    of a political community. This chapter contends that this shift of focus--from a 'what' question to a 'who' question of justice (Nancy Fraser)--is a recurrent feature in modern disaster fiction, not just in Kleist's short story but also, for instance, in zombie movies. First, the chapter explores the act...... of judgement that distinguishes between the inside and outside of a political community, between citizens and zombies. Second, the chapter focuses on the rhetorics applied to draw the line between rights-bearers and the rightless. ‘Prophetic’ speech, echoing the language of the Old Testament prophets, is vital...... to understanding the question of justice in much disaster fiction. Third and last, the chapter discusses the relationship between the reader's aesthetic experience of Kleist's story, and the political act of judgement represented in the story: in other words, the relationship between the ‘how’ question of literary...

  3. PHIL photoinjector test line

    CERN Document Server

    Alves, M; Auguste, D; Babigeon, J L; Blot, F; Brossard, J; Bruni, C; Cavalier, S; Cayla, J N; Chaumat, V; Collin, J; Dehamme, M; Demarest, M; Dugal, J P; Elkhaldi, M; Falleau, I; Gonnin, A; Jore, M; Jules, E; Leluan, B; Lepercq, P; Letellier, F; Mandag, E; Marrucho, J C; Mercier, B; Mistretta, E; Prevost, C; Roux, R; Soskov, V; Toutain, A; Variola, A; Vitez, O; Monard, H

    2012-01-01

    LAL is now equiped with its own platform for photoinjectors tests and Research and Developement, named PHIL (PHotoInjectors at LAL). This facility has two main purposes: push the limits of the photoinjectors performances working on both the design and the associated technology and provide a low energy (MeV) short pulses (ps) electron beam for the interested users. Another very important goal of this machine will be to provide an opportunity to form accelerator physics students, working in a high technology environment. To achieve this goal a test line was realised equipped with an RF source, magnets and beam diagnostics. In this article we will desrcibe the PHIL beamline and its characteristics together with the description of the first two photoinjector realised in LAL and tested: the ALPHAX and the PHIN RF Guns.

  4. Drawing the Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2016-01-01

    of judgement that distinguishes between the inside and outside of a political community, between citizens and zombies. Second, the chapter focuses on the rhetorics applied to draw the line between rights-bearers and the rightless. ‘Prophetic’ speech, echoing the language of the Old Testament prophets, is vital...... of a political community. This chapter contends that this shift of focus--from a 'what' question to a 'who' question of justice (Nancy Fraser)--is a recurrent feature in modern disaster fiction, not just in Kleist's short story but also, for instance, in zombie movies. First, the chapter explores the act...... to understanding the question of justice in much disaster fiction. Third and last, the chapter discusses the relationship between the reader's aesthetic experience of Kleist's story, and the political act of judgement represented in the story: in other words, the relationship between the ‘how’ question of literary...

  5. Illumination by Tangent Lines

    CERN Document Server

    Horwitz, Alan

    2011-01-01

    Let f be a differentiable function on the real line, and let P\\inG_{f}^{C}= all points not on the graph of f. We say that the illumination index of P, denoted by I_{f}(P), is k if there are k distinct tangents to the graph of f which pass through P. In section 2 we prove results about the illumination index of f with f" (x)\\geq 0 on \\Re. In particular, suppose that y=L_1(x) and y=L_2(x) are distinct oblique asymptotes of f and let P=(s,t)\\in G_{f}^{C}. If max(L_1(s),L_2(s))

  6. Drawing the Line

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holm, Isak Winkel

    2016-01-01

    Heinrich von Kleist's short story, ‘The Earthquake in Chile’, of 1806, one of the foundational texts of modern disaster fiction that emerged from the rubble of the Lisbon earthquake, in 1755, is not a story about the application of legal norms but, rather, a story about the constitution of a poli......Heinrich von Kleist's short story, ‘The Earthquake in Chile’, of 1806, one of the foundational texts of modern disaster fiction that emerged from the rubble of the Lisbon earthquake, in 1755, is not a story about the application of legal norms but, rather, a story about the constitution...... of judgement that distinguishes between the inside and outside of a political community, between citizens and zombies. Second, the chapter focuses on the rhetorics applied to draw the line between rights-bearers and the rightless. ‘Prophetic’ speech, echoing the language of the Old Testament prophets, is vital...

  7. Subsurface Geotechnical Parameters Report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    D. Rigby; M. Mrugala; G. Shideler; T. Davidsavor; J. Leem; D. Buesch; Y. Sun; D. Potyondy; M. Christianson

    2003-12-17

    The Yucca Mountain Project is entering a the license application (LA) stage in its mission to develop the nation's first underground nuclear waste repository. After a number of years of gathering data related to site characterization, including activities ranging from laboratory and site investigations, to numerical modeling of processes associated with conditions to be encountered in the future repository, the Project is realigning its activities towards the License Application preparation. At the current stage, the major efforts are directed at translating the results of scientific investigations into sets of data needed to support the design, and to fulfill the licensing requirements and the repository design activities. This document addresses the program need to address specific technical questions so that an assessment can be made about the suitability and adequacy of data to license and construct a repository at the Yucca Mountain Site. In July 2002, the U.S. Nuclear Regulatory Commission (NRC) published an Integrated Issue Resolution Status Report (NRC 2002). Included in this report were the Repository Design and Thermal-Mechanical Effects (RDTME) Key Technical Issues (KTI). Geotechnical agreements were formulated to resolve a number of KTI subissues, in particular, RDTME KTIs 3.04, 3.05, 3.07, and 3.19 relate to the physical, thermal and mechanical properties of the host rock (NRC 2002, pp. 2.1.1-28, 2.1.7-10 to 2.1.7-21, A-17, A-18, and A-20). The purpose of the Subsurface Geotechnical Parameters Report is to present an accounting of current geotechnical information that will help resolve KTI subissues and some other project needs. The report analyzes and summarizes available qualified geotechnical data. It evaluates the sufficiency and quality of existing data to support engineering design and performance assessment. In addition, the corroborative data obtained from tests performed by a number of research organizations is presented to reinforce

  8. Kubo's Line Shape Function for a Linear-Quadratic Chromophore-Solvent Coupling.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matyushov, Dmitry V

    2015-07-23

    An exact, closed-form solution is obtained for the line shape function of an optical transition with the transition frequency depending linearly plus quadratically on a Gaussian coordinate of the thermal bath. The dynamical modulation of the line shape involves two parameters corresponding to the linear and quadratic components of the transition frequency. The increase of the second component results in a non-Gaussian line shape that splits into two Lorenzian lines in the limit of fast modulation.

  9. Understanding Slag Freeze Linings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fallah-Mehrjardi, Ata; Hayes, Peter C.; Jak, Evgueni

    2014-09-01

    Slag freeze linings, the formation of protective deposit layers on the inner walls of furnaces and reactors, are increasingly used in industrial pyrometallurgical processes to ensure that furnace integrity is maintained in these aggressive, high-temperature environments. Most previous studies of freeze-linings have analyzed the formation of slag deposits based solely on heat transfer considerations. These thermal models have assumed that the interface between the stationary frozen layer and the agitated molten bath at steady-state deposit thickness consists of the primary phase, which stays in contact with the bulk liquid at the liquidus temperature. Recent experimental studies, however, have clearly demonstrated that the temperature of the deposit/liquid bath interface can be lower than the liquidus temperature of the bulk liquid. A conceptual framework has been proposed to explain the observations and the factors influencing the microstructure and the temperature of the interface at steady-state conditions. The observations are consistent with a dynamic steady state that is a balance between (I) the rate of nucleation and growth of solids on detached crystals in a subliquidus layer as this fluid material moves toward the stagnant deposit interface and (II) the dissolution of these detached crystals as they are transported away from the interface by turbulent eddies. It is argued that the assumption that the interface temperature is the liquidus of the bulk material represents only a limiting condition, and that the interface temperature can be between T liquidus and T solidus depending on the process conditions and bath chemistry. These findings have implications for the modeling approach and boundary conditions required to accurately describe these systems. They also indicate the opportunity to integrate considerations of heat and mass flows with the selection of melt chemistries in the design of future high temperature industrial reactors.

  10. The use of crosshead displacement in determining fracture parameters

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Walters, C.L.; Voormeeren, L.O.; Janssen, M.

    2013-01-01

    In determining the fracture toughness of a test specimen, standards currently require either locally-measured load-line displacements or clip gage displacements. In order to measure these parameters, secondary sensors generally need to be installed and calibrated, which often comes at a higher cost.

  11. Constructing the Virtual Production Line

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙连胜; 宁汝新

    2003-01-01

    In order to study the constructing technology of virtual production line, the structure model of virtual production line was presented, and the object-oriented technique was used to establish its basic classes and relevant models, including solid model, behavior model and object-oriented Petri net based control model, and based on this, the constructing of virtual production line was realized. The application proved that the virtual production line had many good characteristics, such as visualization, interaction, multi-layer and reusability, and it's an efficient tool of analyzing and modeling for layout planning and rapidly reconfiguring of production line.

  12. Measurement Error Effects of Beam Parameters Determined by Beam Profiles

    CERN Document Server

    Jang, Ji-Ho; Jeon, Dong-O

    2015-01-01

    A conventional method to determine beam parameters is using the profile measurements and converting them into the values of twiss parameters and beam emittance at a specified position. The beam information can be used to improve transverse beam matching between two different beam lines or accelerating structures. This work is related with the measurement error effects of the beam parameters and the optimal number of profile monitors in a section between MEBT (medium energy beam transport) and QWR (quarter wave resonator) of RAON linear accelerator.

  13. 3D Motion Parameters Determination Based on Binocular Sequence Images

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Exactly capturing three dimensional (3D) motion information of an object is an essential and important task in computer vision, and is also one of the most difficult problems. In this paper, a binocular vision system and a method for determining 3D motion parameters of an object from binocular sequence images are introduced. The main steps include camera calibration, the matching of motion and stereo images, 3D feature point correspondences and resolving the motion parameters. Finally, the experimental results of acquiring the motion parameters of the objects with uniform velocity and acceleration in the straight line based on the real binocular sequence images by the mentioned method are presented.

  14. On ηc line shape in charmonium transitions

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    PING Rong-Gang

    2009-01-01

    The line shapes to observe ηc in charmonium transitions, I.e.,ψ(2S), J/ψ→γηc, are investigated. The ηc line shapes in exclusive decays or by observing the inclusive photon spectrum are given. The sensitivities to measure the ηc resonance parameters are also evaluated. With more than two thousand ηc events observed, the precision of the ηc decay width measurement will be improved by better than 3%. However, the uncertainties associated with the ηc modified line shapes will dominate the systematic errors and this will prohibit precision mass and width measurements.

  15. ANALYSIS OF CIRCUITS WITH MULTIPLE COUPLED LOSSY TRANSMISSION LINES

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dalby, Arne Brejning

    1997-01-01

    The analysis of coupled lossy transmission line structures like microwave directional couplers and filters, 3-phase power cable networks or a databus is not simple. In this paper it is shown that the admittance parameters for the 2N port network, N coupled lossy transmission lines form, may be fo...... be found using a set of almost arbitrary (orthogonal) quasi propagation modes instead of the true modes, if the up-per frequency is so low that the electrical length of the lines is smaller than about 1/3 of the wavelength for the propagation mode with the lowest phase velocity....

  16. Simulation Based Optimization for World Line Card Production System

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sinan APAK

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Simulation based decision support system is one of the commonly used tool to examine complex production systems. The simulation approach provides process modules which can be adjusted with certain parameters by using data relatively easily obtainable in production process. World Line Card production system simulation is developed to evaluate the optimality of existing production line via using discrete event simulation model with variaty of alternative proposals. The current production system is analysed by a simulation model emphasizing the bottlenecks and the poorly utilized production line. Our analysis identified some improvements and efficient solutions for the existing system.

  17. Search for an emission line of a gravitational wave background

    CERN Document Server

    Nishizawa, Atsushi

    2015-01-01

    In the light of the history of researches on electromagnetic wave spectrum, a sharp emission line of gravitational-wave background (GWB) would be an interesting observational target. Here we study an efficient method to detect a line GWB by correlating data of multiple ground-based detectors. We find that the width of frequency bin for coarse graining is a critical parameter, and the commonly-used value 0.25 Hz is far from optimal, decreasing the signal-to-noise ratio by up to a factor of seven. By reanalyzing the existing data with a smaller bin width, we might detect a precious line signal from the early universe.

  18. ANALYSIS OF MULTICONDUCTOR TRANSMISSION LINES USING THE MACCORMACK METHOD

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dou Lei; Wang Zhiquan

    2006-01-01

    The MacCormack method is applied to the analysis of multiconductor transmission lines by introducing a new technique that does not require decoupling. This method can be used to analyze a wide range of problems and does not have to consider the matrix forms of distributed parameters. We have developed software named MacCormack Transmission Line Analyzer based on the proposed method. Numerical examples are presented to demonstrate the accuracy and efficiency of the method and illustrate its application to analyzing multiconductor transmission lines.

  19. Simulation of communication line for down hole telemetry systems

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ishchenko, A. V.; Belov, M. D.; Khokhlov, K. O.; Tcherepanov, A. N.; Naronov, A. S.

    2016-09-01

    The results of simulation of equivalent circuit of transmission line of down hole telemetry system has been presented. The paper shows the possible solution of communication system by a power-line communication technique for downhole monitoring. On the base of simulation results of equivalent circuit of presented model of transmission line the binary frequency-shift keying (BFSK) method of information transmission is proposed. The simulation of the temperature changing and disturbance appearance has been made. The influence of them on the signal parameters are presented and discussed.

  20. Metallicity Diagnostics with Infrared Fine-Structure Lines

    CERN Document Server

    Nagao, Tohru; Marconi, Alessandro; Matsuhara, Hideo

    2010-01-01

    Although measuring the gas metallicity in galaxies at various redshifts is crucial to constrain galaxy evolutionary scenarios, only rest-frame optical emission lines have been generally used to measure the metallicity. This has prevented us to accurately measure the metallicity of dust-obscured galaxies, and accordingly to understand the chemical evolution of dusty populations, such as ultraluminous infrared galaxies. Here we propose diagnostics of the gas metallicity based on infrared fine structure emission lines, which are nearly unaffected by dust extinction even the most obscured systems. Specifically, we focus on fine-structure lines arising mostly from HII regions, not in photo-dissociation regions, to minimize the dependence and uncertainties of the metallicity diagnostics from various physical parameters. Based on photoionization models, we show that the emission-line flux ratio of ([OIII]51.80+[OIII]88.33)/[NIII]57.21 is an excellent tracer of the gas metallicity. The individual line ratios [OIII]51...

  1. Ground Fault Line Selection with Improved Residual Flow Incremental Method

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wenhong Li

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available According to the shortcoming of single-phase ground fault line selection method in the resonant grounded system such as the uncertainty of its device by fast compensation with the automatic compensation equipment, an arc suppression and residual flow incremental method is proposed to effectively choose the earth fault line. Firstly, when the single-phase ground fault occurs, the arc suppression coil parameters are adjusted to realize compensation and arc suppression. Then the arc suppression coil inductance values are modulated to make the zero-sequence current of fault line changed, at the same time, the zero-sequence current value is detected and its change will be captured to select the fault line. The simulation experiments prove that the arc grounding over voltage damage can be effectively reduced by arc suppression coil full compensation and fault line can be effectively selected by arc suppression and residual flow increment method.

  2. Line Loss Minimization of Loop Distribution Systems Using UPFC

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sayed, Mahmoud A.; Inayoshi, Nobuyuki; Takeshita, Takaharu; Ueda, Fukashi

    This paper presents an elaborated mathematical analysis of the line loss minimum conditions of loop distribution systems. In order to achieve these conditions, the Unified Power Flow Controller (UPFC), a typical Flexible AC Transmission Systems (FACTS) device that is capable of instantaneous control of transmission and distribution power flow, is used. For minimizing the total line loss of the loop distribution system, the authors propose two control schemes, the Line Inductance Compensation control and the Line Voltage Compensation control. These control schemes can be applied for controlling the UPFC in the loop distribution system according to the line parameters. The effectiveness of the proposed control schemes has been verified experimentally using a laboratory prototype in a 200V, 6kVA system.

  3. PRODUCTIVITY IMPROVEMENT IN BREWERIES THROUGH LINE BALANCING USING HEURISTIC METHOD

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    OSUYA EMEKE GREAT

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a heuristic procedure for improving productivity in breweries companies. A case study of Champion brewery Plc, Uyo, Akwa Ibom State was adopted. The aim of this paper is to balance theProduction line of Champion lager beer. In the course of line balancing, the idle time and the number of workstations on the production line was minimized so as to maximize the efficiency of the production line. All the required data was measured and the parameters such as elapsed time at each work station, efficiencies,number of workers, time of each of the workstations etc. was calculated from the existing line. A new heuristic approach, the Longest Operation Time (LOT method was used in designing the new production line. After set up of the new production line, the cost of production and effectiveness of the new line was computed and compared with those of the existing one. The new production line was found to have been increased by a significant amount reducing the overall production cost per unit.

  4. Software for calculation of electric power systems parameters

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rodriguez, Gustavo; Aromataris, Luis; Donolo, Marcos; Hernandez, Jose; Moitre, Diego [Universidad Nacional de Rio Cuarto, Grupo de Analisis de Sistemas Electricos de Potencia (GASEP), Cordoba (Argentina)

    2003-07-01

    The calculation of power transmission lines parameters of electric energy has a fundamental importance in the design, construction and simulation of electric power systems. Generally, the results obtained are used in the database for the studies of power flow, short circuit and stability . This paper presents a software with graphical interface which allows the estimation of parameters of power transmission lines of electric energy. By means of a tutorial, the user is oriented step by step about the input of data and other features of the line, passing to the calculation stage when the data are correctly and completely entered. The output of the results is shown on the screen on a Pi circuit and through graphics that simulate the voltage drop for a determined load. (Author)

  5. Robust hyperchaotic synchronization via analog transmission line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sadoudi, S.; Tanougast, C.

    2016-02-01

    In this paper, a novel experimental chaotic synchronization technique via analog transmission is discussed. We demonstrate through Field-Programmable Gate Array (FPGA) implementation design the robust synchronization of two embedded hyperchaotic Lorenz generators interconnected with an analog transmission line. The basic idea of this work consists in combining a numerical generation of chaos and transmitting it with an analog signal. The numerical chaos allows to overcome the callback parameter mismatch problem and the analog transmission offers robust data security. As application, this technique can be applied to all families of chaotic systems including time-delayed chaotic systems.

  6. Orthopaedic service lines-revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Patterson, Cheryl

    2008-01-01

    This article revisits the application of orthopaedic service lines from early introduction and growth of this organizational approach in the 1980s, through the 1990s, and into the current decade. The author has experienced and worked in various service-line structures through these three decades, as well as the preservice-line era of 1970s orthopaedics. Past lessons learned during earlier phases and then current trends and analysis by industry experts are summarized briefly, with indication given of the future for service lines. Variation versus consistency of certain elements in service-line definitions and in operational models is discussed. Main components of service-line structures and typical processes are described briefly, along with a more detailed section on the service-line director/manager role. Current knowledge contained here will help guide the reader to more "out-of-the-box" thinking toward comprehensive orthopaedic centers of excellence.

  7. Intermediate links of line arrangements

    CERN Document Server

    Bodin, Arnaud

    2012-01-01

    We investigate several topological properties of line arrangements. The first result is that two generic complex line arrangements are equivalent. In fact for a line arrangement A we associate its defining polynomial f= prod_i (a_ix+b_iy+c_i), so that A = (f=0). We even prove that the defining polynomials of two generic line arrangements are topologically equivalent. In higher dimension the related result is that within a family of equivalent hyperplane arrangements the defining polynomials are topologically equivalent. A second type of objects associated to a line arrangement are links A cap S^3_r(0) obtained by intersecting the arrangement with some spheres. Several topics are discussed: (a) some link configurations can be realized by complex line arrangements but not by real line arrangements; (b) if we intersect the arrangements with a vertical band instead of a sphere, what link configurations can be obtained? (c) relations between link configurations obtained by bands and spheres.

  8. Parameter estimation of hydrologic models using data assimilation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kaheil, Y. H.

    2005-12-01

    The uncertainties associated with the modeling of hydrologic systems sometimes demand that data should be incorporated in an on-line fashion in order to understand the behavior of the system. This paper represents a Bayesian strategy to estimate parameters for hydrologic models in an iterative mode. The paper presents a modified technique called localized Bayesian recursive estimation (LoBaRE) that efficiently identifies the optimum parameter region, avoiding convergence to a single best parameter set. The LoBaRE methodology is tested for parameter estimation for two different types of models: a support vector machine (SVM) model for predicting soil moisture, and the Sacramento Soil Moisture Accounting (SAC-SMA) model for estimating streamflow. The SAC-SMA model has 13 parameters that must be determined. The SVM model has three parameters. Bayesian inference is used to estimate the best parameter set in an iterative fashion. This is done by narrowing the sampling space by imposing uncertainty bounds on the posterior best parameter set and/or updating the "parent" bounds based on their fitness. The new approach results in fast convergence towards the optimal parameter set using minimum training/calibration data and evaluation of fewer parameter sets. The efficacy of the localized methodology is also compared with the previously used Bayesian recursive estimation (BaRE) algorithm.

  9. Probabilistic inversion for chicken processing lines

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Cooke, Roger M. [Department of Mathematics, Delft University of Technology, Delft (Netherlands)]. E-mail: r.m.cooke@ewi.tudelft.nl; Nauta, Maarten [Microbiological Laboratory for Health Protection RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands); Havelaar, Arie H. [Microbiological Laboratory for Health Protection RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands); Fels, Ine van der [Microbiological Laboratory for Health Protection RIVM, Bilthoven (Netherlands)

    2006-10-15

    We discuss an application of probabilistic inversion techniques to a model of campylobacter transmission in chicken processing lines. Such techniques are indicated when we wish to quantify a model which is new and perhaps unfamiliar to the expert community. In this case there are no measurements for estimating model parameters, and experts are typically unable to give a considered judgment. In such cases, experts are asked to quantify their uncertainty regarding variables which can be predicted by the model. The experts' distributions (after combination) are then pulled back onto the parameter space of the model, a process termed 'probabilistic inversion'. This study illustrates two such techniques, iterative proportional fitting (IPF) and PARmeter fitting for uncertain models (PARFUM). In addition, we illustrate how expert judgement on predicted observable quantities in combination with probabilistic inversion may be used for model validation and/or model criticism.

  10. Continuum and line modelling of discs around young stars. II. Line diagnostics for GASPS from the DENT grid

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kamp, I.; Woitke, P.; Pinte, C.; Tilling, I.; Thi, W.-F.; Menard, F.; Duchene, G.; Augereau, J.-C.

    2011-08-01

    Aims: We want to understand the chemistry and physics of discs on the basis of a large unbiased and statistically relevant grid of disc models. One of the main goals is to explore the diagnostic power of various gas emission lines and line ratios for deriving main disc parameters such as the gas mass. Methods: We explored the results of the DENT grid (Disk Evolution with Neat Theory) that consists of 300 000 disc models with 11 free parameters. Through a statistical analysis, we searched for correlations and trends in an effort to find tools for disc diagnostic. Results: All calculated quantities like species masses, temperatures, continuum, and line fluxes differ by several orders of magnitude across the entire parameter space. The broad distribution of these quantities as a function of input parameters shows the limitation of using a prototype T Tauri or Herbig Ae/Be disc model. The statistical analysis of the DENT grid shows that CO gas is rarely the dominant carbon reservoir in discs. Models with large inner radii (10 times the dust condensation radius) and/or shallow surface density gradients lack massive gas-phase water reservoirs. Also, 60% of the discs have gas temperatures averaged over the oxygen mass in the range between 15 and 70 K; the average gas temperatures for CO and O differ by less than a factor two. Our study of the observational diagnostics shows that the [C ii] 158 μm fine structure line flux is very sensitive to the stellar UV flux and presence of a UV excess, and that it traces the outer disc radius (Rout). In the submm, the CO low J rotational lines also trace Rout. Low [O i] 63/145 line ratios (line. This occurs mostly for massive non-flaring, settled disc models without UV excess. A combination of the [O i] 63 line and low J CO lines correlates with several disc properties, such as the average O i gas temperature in

  11. Isochromatic lines as extension of Helmholtz reciprocity principle for effect paints.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirchner, Eric; Ferrero, Alejandro

    2014-08-01

    Flake-based parameters were recently introduced as a physical concept to predict a series of measurement geometries producing similar reflection data for effect paints. We derive expressions to calculate these so-called isochromatic lines, connecting the two Helmholtz-reciprocal in-plane geometries with a series of out-of-plane geometries. Thus isochromatic lines can be regarded as an extension of the Helmholtz reciprocity principle, which is valid for effect paints. We experimentally studied seven effect paint samples with large angular color variation along the length of four isochromatic lines. A change in illumination angles by up to 75° while following isochromatic lines led to a standard deviation in color parameters of less than two units. When isochromatic lines were not followed, these colorimetric parameters varied by more than 10 units already by change in detection angle of 10°. Therefore the concept of isochromatic lines works well for effect paints.

  12. Optimization of line configuration and balancing for flexible machining lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Liu, Xuemei; Li, Aiping; Chen, Zurui

    2016-05-01

    Line configuration and balancing is to select the type of line and allot a given set of operations as well as machines to a sequence of workstations to realize high-efficiency production. Most of the current researches for machining line configuration and balancing problems are related to dedicated transfer lines with dedicated machine workstations. With growing trends towards great product variety and fluctuations in market demand, dedicated transfer lines are being replaced with flexible machining line composed of identical CNC machines. This paper deals with the line configuration and balancing problem for flexible machining lines. The objective is to assign operations to workstations and find the sequence of execution, specify the number of machines in each workstation while minimizing the line cycle time and total number of machines. This problem is subject to precedence, clustering, accessibility and capacity constraints among the features, operations, setups and workstations. The mathematical model and heuristic algorithm based on feature group strategy and polychromatic sets theory are presented to find an optimal solution. The feature group strategy and polychromatic sets theory are used to establish constraint model. A heuristic operations sequencing and assignment algorithm is given. An industrial case study is carried out, and multiple optimal solutions in different line configurations are obtained. The case studying results show that the solutions with shorter cycle time and higher line balancing rate demonstrate the feasibility and effectiveness of the proposed algorithm. This research proposes a heuristic line configuration and balancing algorithm based on feature group strategy and polychromatic sets theory which is able to provide better solutions while achieving an improvement in computing time.

  13. 3D CENTRAL LINE EXTRACTION OF FOSSIL OYSTER SHELLS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Djuricic

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Photogrammetry provides a powerful tool to digitally document protected, inaccessible, and rare fossils. This saves manpower in relation to current documentation practice and makes the fragile specimens more available for paleontological analysis and public education. In this study, high resolution orthophoto (0.5 mm and digital surface models (1 mm are used to define fossil boundaries that are then used as an input to automatically extract fossil length information via central lines. In general, central lines are widely used in geosciences as they ease observation, monitoring and evaluation of object dimensions. Here, the 3D central lines are used in a novel paleontological context to study fossilized oyster shells with photogrammetric and LiDAR-obtained 3D point cloud data. 3D central lines of 1121 Crassostrea gryphoides oysters of various shapes and sizes were computed in the study. Central line calculation included: i Delaunay triangulation between the fossil shell boundary points and formation of the Voronoi diagram; ii extraction of Voronoi vertices and construction of a connected graph tree from them; iii reduction of the graph to the longest possible central line via Dijkstra’s algorithm; iv extension of longest central line to the shell boundary and smoothing by an adjustment of cubic spline curve; and v integration of the central line into the corresponding 3D point cloud. The resulting longest path estimate for the 3D central line is a size parameter that can be applied in oyster shell age determination both in paleontological and biological applications. Our investigation evaluates ability and performance of the central line method to measure shell sizes accurately by comparing automatically extracted central lines with manually collected reference data used in paleontological analysis. Our results show that the automatically obtained central line length overestimated the manually collected reference by 1.5% in the test set, which

  14. D Central Line Extraction of Fossil Oyster Shells

    Science.gov (United States)

    Djuricic, A.; Puttonen, E.; Harzhauser, M.; Mandic, O.; Székely, B.; Pfeifer, N.

    2016-06-01

    Photogrammetry provides a powerful tool to digitally document protected, inaccessible, and rare fossils. This saves manpower in relation to current documentation practice and makes the fragile specimens more available for paleontological analysis and public education. In this study, high resolution orthophoto (0.5 mm) and digital surface models (1 mm) are used to define fossil boundaries that are then used as an input to automatically extract fossil length information via central lines. In general, central lines are widely used in geosciences as they ease observation, monitoring and evaluation of object dimensions. Here, the 3D central lines are used in a novel paleontological context to study fossilized oyster shells with photogrammetric and LiDAR-obtained 3D point cloud data. 3D central lines of 1121 Crassostrea gryphoides oysters of various shapes and sizes were computed in the study. Central line calculation included: i) Delaunay triangulation between the fossil shell boundary points and formation of the Voronoi diagram; ii) extraction of Voronoi vertices and construction of a connected graph tree from them; iii) reduction of the graph to the longest possible central line via Dijkstra's algorithm; iv) extension of longest central line to the shell boundary and smoothing by an adjustment of cubic spline curve; and v) integration of the central line into the corresponding 3D point cloud. The resulting longest path estimate for the 3D central line is a size parameter that can be applied in oyster shell age determination both in paleontological and biological applications. Our investigation evaluates ability and performance of the central line method to measure shell sizes accurately by comparing automatically extracted central lines with manually collected reference data used in paleontological analysis. Our results show that the automatically obtained central line length overestimated the manually collected reference by 1.5% in the test set, which is deemed

  15. Disposition of camera parameters in vehicle navigation system

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yu, Houyun; Zhang, Weigong

    2010-10-01

    To resolve the calibration of onboard camera in the vehicle navigation system based on machine vision, a respective method for disposing of intrinsic and extrinsic parameters of the camera is presented. In view of that the intrinsic parameters are basically invariable during the car's moving, they can be firstly calibrated with a planar pattern as soon as the camera is installed. The installation location of onboard camera can be real-time adjusted according to the slope and vanishing point of lane lines in the picture. Then the quantity of such extrinsic parameters as direction angle, incline angle and level translation are adjusted to zero. This respective disposing method for camera parameters is applied to lane departure detection on the structural road, with which camera calibration is simplified and the measuring error due to extrinsic parameters is decreased. The correctness and feasibility of the method is proved by theoretical calculation and practical experiment.

  16. Constraining the Kerr parameters via X-ray reflection spectroscopy

    CERN Document Server

    Ghasemi-Nodehi, M

    2016-01-01

    In a recent paper [Ghasemi-Nodehi & Bambi, EPJC 76 (2016) 290], we have proposed a new parametrization for testing the Kerr nature of astrophysical black hole candidates. In the present work, we study the possibility of constraining the "Kerr parameters" of our proposal using X-ray reflection spectroscopy, the so-called iron line method. We simulate observations with the LAD instrument on board of the future eXTP mission assuming an exposure time of 200 ks. We fit the simulated data to see if the Kerr parameters can be constrained. If we have the correct astrophysical model, 200 ks observations with LAD/eXTP can constrain all the Kerr parameters with the exception of $b_{11}$, whose impact on the iron line profile is extremely weak and its measurement looks very challenging.

  17. Bipolar pulse forming line

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Mark A.

    2008-10-21

    A bipolar pulse forming transmission line module for linear induction accelerators having first, second, third, fourth, and fifth planar conductors which form an interleaved stack with dielectric layers between the conductors. Each conductor has a first end, and a second end adjacent an acceleration axis. The first and second planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, the fourth and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the second ends, and the first and fifth planar conductors are connected to each other at the first ends via a shorting plate adjacent the first ends. The third planar conductor is electrically connectable to a high voltage source, and an internal switch functions to short a high voltage from the first end of the third planar conductor to the first end of the fourth planar conductor to produce a bipolar pulse at the acceleration axis with a zero net time integral. Improved access to the switch is enabled by an aperture through the shorting plate and the proximity of the aperture to the switch.

  18. EC Transmission Line Materials

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Bigelow, Tim S [ORNL

    2012-05-01

    The purpose of this document is to identify materials acceptable for use in the US ITER Project Office (USIPO)-supplied components for the ITER Electron cyclotron Heating and Current Drive (ECH&CD) transmission lines (TL), PBS-52. The source of material property information for design analysis shall be either the applicable structural code or the ITER Material Properties Handbook. In the case of conflict, the ITER Material Properties Handbook shall take precedence. Materials selection, and use, shall follow the guidelines established in the Materials Assessment Report (MAR). Materials exposed to vacuum shall conform to the ITER Vacuum Handbook. [Ref. 2] Commercial materials shall conform to the applicable standard (e.g., ASTM, JIS, DIN) for the definition of their grade, physical, chemical and electrical properties and related testing. All materials for which a suitable certification from the supplier is not available shall be tested to determine the relevant properties, as part of the procurement. A complete traceability of all the materials including welding materials shall be provided. Halogenated materials (example: insulating materials) shall be forbidden in areas served by the detritiation systems. Exceptions must be approved by the Tritium System and Safety Section Responsible Officers.

  19. Line Width Narrowing with 14N Nuclear Quadrupole Resonance Lines at 296 K and 77 K Using a High Powered Pulsed Spectrometer

    Science.gov (United States)

    Trepanier, R. J.; Whitehead, M. A.

    1986-02-01

    The dependence of the NQR line width on the RF pulse intensity and period using a continuous steady state pulse train for polycrystalline 14N compounds shows a dependence on the asymmetry parameter η, the temperature, and the crystal structure.

  20. PARAMETER ESTIMATION OF EXPONENTIAL DISTRIBUTION

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    XU Haiyan; FEI Heliang

    2005-01-01

    Because of the importance of grouped data, many scholars have been devoted to the study of this kind of data. But, few documents have been concerned with the threshold parameter. In this paper, we assume that the threshold parameter is smaller than the first observing point. Then, on the basis of the two-parameter exponential distribution, the maximum likelihood estimations of both parameters are given, the sufficient and necessary conditions for their existence and uniqueness are argued, and the asymptotic properties of the estimations are also presented, according to which approximate confidence intervals of the parameters are derived. At the same time, the estimation of the parameters is generalized, and some methods are introduced to get explicit expressions of these generalized estimations. Also, a special case where the first failure time of the units is observed is considered.

  1. Synthetic CA II Triplet Lines

    Science.gov (United States)

    Erdelyi, M. M.; Barbuy, B.

    1990-11-01

    RESUMEN. Se hicieron calculos de sintesis del espectro en el ititervalo de longitud de onda - 8700 A, ara ? oder verificar el comporta- mien to de diferentes lineas moleculares y at5micas como funci5n de los parametros esteldres de temperatura, gravedad y metalicidad. El espec- tro sintetico ha sido generado para:(a) todas las , (b) solamente de CN, (c) solamente de TiO, y (d) solamente lineas at6micas. Abstract. Spectrum synthesis calculations are carried out in the wavelength interval X 8300 - 8700 A, in order to verify the behaviour of different molecular and atomic lines as a function of the stellar para meters temperature, gravity and metallicity. Synthetic spectra were ge nerated for: (a) all lines, (b) only CN lines, (c) only TiO lines, and (d) only atomic lines Key `td6: LINE-PROFILE - ST S-AThOSPHERES

  2. 携自杀基因微泡转染卵巢癌细胞株SKOV_3的超声参数及转染效率%Ultrasound parameters and transfection efficiency of microbubble carrying suicide gene for transfecting ovarian cancer cell lines SKOV_3

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    樊萍; 杨竹; 王志刚; 汪朝霞; 甘胜伟; 李攀

    2009-01-01

    目的:探究超声介导携I型单纯疱疹病毒胸苷激酶(hsv_1tk)自杀基因微泡转染SKOV_3细胞的超声参数及转染效率.方法:超卢在不同微泡浓度与辐照时间(8,15,30,60 S间隔1 s)组合下辐照SKOV,细胞,MTT法筛选最适辐照时间和微泡浓度.将实验分成6组分别进行以下处理:超声辐照组,脂质体+超声辐照组,脂质体+微泡+超声辐照组,微泡+超声辐照组,裸质粒组(阴性对照),脂质体组(阳性对照).用裸质粒及脂质体处理后分别转染pcDNA3.1-EGFP/hsv_1tk质粒;采用荧光显微镜、流式细胞技术分别定件和定量检测各组转染效率;采用逆转录聚合酶链反应(RT-PCR)方法检测hsv1tk基因的表达.结果:MTF检测在超声强度0.5 W/cm~2,频率1 MHz,微泡浓度0.56×10~(11)/L,辐照时间8 S间隔1 S条件下,超声辐照微泡转染对细胞活性无明显抑制.经此条件转染后荧光显微镜下可观察到脂质体+微泡+超声辐照组的绿色荧光强度最强;流式细胞技术检测表明,微泡+超声辐照组转染效率为(11.74 ±0.19)%,比超声辐照组(2.19 ±0.22)%高,而脂质体+微泡+超声辐照组(25.62±O.08)%均高于其他各组(JP<0.05).RT-PCR检测hsv_1tk基因结果显示,脂质体+微泡+超声辐照组的SKOV,细胞表达最高.结论:在最适的超声参数下,超声介导微泡不仅能单独促进hsv_1tk基因转染,而且还能够增强脂质体的转染效率,且能有效在SKOV_3细胞中表达.%AIM: To investigate the ultrasound parameters and transfection efficiency of microbubble carrying herpes simplex virus thymidine kinase suicide gene (hs_1wtk) for transfecting SKOV_3 cells mediated by the ultrasound. METHODS: Under the combination conditions of different ultrasound exposure times ( 8,15,30,and 60 s with the interval as 1 s) and microbubbles at different concentrations, SKOV_3 cells were exposed to the ultrasound so as to screen out the optimal ultrasound exposure time and microbubble concentration by 3

  3. A study of electric power transmission lines for use on the lunar surface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gordon, Lloyd B.; Gaustad, Krista L.

    1991-01-01

    Analytical models have been developed to study the operating characteristics of electrical transmission lines for use on the lunar surface. Important design considerations for a transmission line operating on the lunar surface are mass, temperature, and efficiency. Transmission line parameters which impact these considerations include voltage, power loss, and waveform. The electrical and thermal models developed are used to calculate transmission line mass, size, and temperature as a function of voltage, geometry, waveform, location, and efficiency. The analyses include ac and dc for above and below ground operation. Geometries studied include a vacuum-insulated, two-wire transmission line and a solid-dielectric insulated, coaxial transmission line. A brief discussion of design considerations and the models developed is followed by results for parameter studies for both dc and ac transmission lines.

  4. Characterization and Analysis of A Healthy 330 Kilovolt Double Circuit Transmission Line

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Onuegbu J. C.

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available A 330KV healthy transmission line was analyzed with the aim to investigating the influence of high voltage on human being at normal regime. Some of the operating parameters of the line, namely: shock current and voltage, inductance, reactance, radio interference, electric field charge and corona effect were highlighted. The level of protection of humans and safety operation of the power system were investigated using numerical analysis. From the analysis, a healthy 330KV transmission line can generate a carrier frequency of about 85 KHz and that corona formation in double circuit power lines is slower than in single circuit lines and that step voltage is proportional to transmission line sag. Based on the results of the paper, normally operating 330KV transmission line parameters do exceed their rated values and this is not good for healthy living

  5. MODFLOW-style parameters in underdetermined parameter estimation

    Science.gov (United States)

    D'Oria, Marco D.; Fienen, Michael N.

    2012-01-01

    In this article, we discuss the use of MODFLOW-Style parameters in the numerical codes MODFLOW_2005 and MODFLOW_2005-Adjoint for the definition of variables in the Layer Property Flow package. Parameters are a useful tool to represent aquifer properties in both codes and are the only option available in the adjoint version. Moreover, for overdetermined parameter estimation problems, the parameter approach for model input can make data input easier. We found that if each estimable parameter is defined by one parameter, the codes require a large computational effort and substantial gains in efficiency are achieved by removing logical comparison of character strings that represent the names and types of the parameters. An alternative formulation already available in the current implementation of the code can also alleviate the efficiency degradation due to character comparisons in the special case of distributed parameters defined through multiplication matrices. The authors also hope that lessons learned in analyzing the performance of the MODFLOW family codes will be enlightening to developers of other Fortran implementations of numerical codes.

  6. The HLT2 Topological Lines

    CERN Document Server

    Williams, M; Thomas, C; Dijkstra, H; Nardulli, J; Spradlin, P

    2011-01-01

    The HLT2 topological lines have been redesigned to trigger inclusively on $n$-body B decays. They are able to maintain high signal selection efficiencies, while simultaneously providing a large background rejection factor (even at large $\\mu$). The timing performance of these lines is also impressive. This note discusses the current status and performance of the HLT2 topological lines, along with plans for future improvements.

  7. Waiting Lines and Customer Satisfaction

    OpenAIRE

    Sridhar, M. S.

    2001-01-01

    The paper points out certain quantitative methods largely ignored by library service providers, highlights the importance of customer participation in service delivery process, examines the concepts service quality and customer satisfaction, emphasizes the need for appropriately handling waiting lines in service organisations, presents briefly the theory of waiting lines (queuing theory), psychology of customers in waiting lines with illustrations from library situations, discusses ways and m...

  8. Number line representations of fractions

    OpenAIRE

    Behr, Merlyn J.; Bright, George W.; Wachsmuth, Ipke; Wagner, Sigrid

    1982-01-01

    The study explored students' interpretations of representations of fractions on number lines and the effect of instruction on those interpretations. Subjects were five fourth-graders, and instruction was a four-day unit on the use of number lines. A 16-item, multiple-choice pre- and posttest was used along with videotaped interviews. Performance improved except when students had to associate a reduced fraction symbol with an equivalent, unreduced fraction representation on a number line. The ...

  9. Parameter estimation in food science.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dolan, Kirk D; Mishra, Dharmendra K

    2013-01-01

    Modeling includes two distinct parts, the forward problem and the inverse problem. The forward problem-computing y(t) given known parameters-has received much attention, especially with the explosion of commercial simulation software. What is rarely made clear is that the forward results can be no better than the accuracy of the parameters. Therefore, the inverse problem-estimation of parameters given measured y(t)-is at least as important as the forward problem. However, in the food science literature there has been little attention paid to the accuracy of parameters. The purpose of this article is to summarize the state of the art of parameter estimation in food science, to review some of the common food science models used for parameter estimation (for microbial inactivation and growth, thermal properties, and kinetics), and to suggest a generic method to standardize parameter estimation, thereby making research results more useful. Scaled sensitivity coefficients are introduced and shown to be important in parameter identifiability. Sequential estimation and optimal experimental design are also reviewed as powerful parameter estimation methods that are beginning to be used in the food science literature.

  10. Assembly line performance and modeling

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Rane, Arun B; Sunnapwar, Vivek K

    2017-01-01

    Automobile sector forms the backbone of manufacturing sector. Vehicle assembly line is important section in automobile plant where repetitive tasks are performed one after another at different workstations...

  11. The effects of black hole rotation on line profiles from accretion discs

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Kojima, Yasufumi (Tokyo Metropolitan Univ. (Japan). Dept. of Physics)

    1991-06-01

    The fluorescent line emitted from an accretion disc around a rotating black hole is examined. The line profiles for various models with inclination angle, Kerr parameter and disc parameters are given. If the emitting region is highly localized to the inner part, r<20 GM/c{sup 2}, the difference due to the black hole rotation appears in the line profiles. Otherwise, the difference is hidden due to photons emitted from larger radii, where the propagation of the radiation and the disc structure are almost independent of the Kerr parameter. (author).

  12. On-line characterization of a hybridoma cell culture process.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zhou, W; Hu, W S

    1994-06-20

    The on-line determination of the physiological state of a cell culture process requires reliable on-line measurements of various parameters and calculations of specific rates from these measurements. The cell concentration of a hybridoma culture was estimated on-line by measuring optical density (OD) with a laser turbidity probe. The oxygen uptake rate (OUR) was determined by monitoring dynamically dissolved oxygen concentration profiles and closing oxygen balances in the culture. The base addition for neutralizing lactate produced by cells was also monitored on-line via a balance. Using OD and OUR measurements, the specific growth and specific oxygen consumption rates were determined on-line. By combining predetermined stoichiometric relationships among oxygen and glucose consumption and lactate production, the specific glucose consumption and lactate production rates were also calculated on-line. Using these on-line measurements and calculations, the hybridoma culture process was characterized on-line by identifying the physiological states. They will also facilitate the implementation of nutrient feeding strategies for fed-batch and perfusion cultures. (c) 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.

  13. The dynamics of on-line principal component analysis

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Biehl, M.; Schlösser, E.

    1998-01-01

    The learning dynamics of an on-line algorithm for principal component analysis is described exactly in the thermodynamic limit by means of coupled ordinary differential equations for a set of order parameters. It is demonstrated that learning is delayed significantly because existing symmetries amon

  14. Superparamagnetic behavior of antiferromagnetic six lines ferrihydrite nanoparticles

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Rani, Chandni, E-mail: chandni@thapar.edu; Tiwari, S.D.

    2017-05-15

    Magnetic behavior of 5 nm antiferromagnetic six lines ferrihydrite particles is reported. The magnetization as a function of applied magnetic field data at 100 K are fitted to the modified Langevin function without and with considering a distribution in particle magnetic moment covering different ranges of applied magnetic field strength. The resulting fit parameters are analyzed and compared. In the first case fit parameters are found to be strongly dependent on the strength of applied magnetic field. But the fit parameters are found to be independent of applied magnetic field strength in the later case.

  15. Line Caustic Microlensing and Limb Darkening

    CERN Document Server

    Rhie, S H; Rhie, Sun Hong; Bennett, David P.

    1999-01-01

    In a line caustic crossing microlensing event, the caustic line moving across the surface of the source star provides a direct method to measure the integrated luminosity profile of the star. Combined with the enormous brightening at the caustic crossings, microlensing offers a promising tool for studying stellar luminosity profiles. We derive the amplification behavior of the two extra images that become partial images conjoined across the critical curve at a line caustic crossing. We identify the multiplicative factors that depend on the caustic crossing point and the relative size of the star, and the shape function that depends on the stellar luminosity profile. We examine the analytic limb-darkening models -- linear, square root, and square -- using the analytic form of the shape function. We find that the microlensing lightcurves must be determined to an accuracy of better than 0.3-0.8% in order to be able to determine the linear limb-darkening parameter $c_1$ with precision of binaries as reported by P...

  16. REACTIVE POWER IN THE LONG ELECTRICAL LINES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berzan V.

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available This paper presents a numerical method for the calculation of electric circuits with distributed parameters with losses that may vary over time. It is proposed to use the energy integral in order to estimate the accuracy of numerical solutions. The elaborated numerical scheme, named Albatross, is conservative with minimal dissipation and dispersion. These properties lead to the fact that the computational error does not accumulate, that gives the possibility to realize the transparent calculations of non stationary solutions without loss of accuracy at large time intervals corresponding to 300…500 electromagnetic wave runs along the line length right up to steady-state regime. The results of calculations for non-homogeneous circuits with distributed parameters are presented graphically. These results can be used as a model to develop new approximate methods for numerical solution of electrotechnical problems. The solutions of these problems have been obtained by means of operator method, complex amplitude method, Fourier method as well as by numerical method Albatross. The results of calculations for various modes in the half-wave transmission line are represented. The comparison between the physical and mathematical experiments in analyzing of different regimes in half-wave electrical transmission line is represented. The comparison of accuracy of the solutions obtained by proposed method, by Finite Difference Time Domain (FDTD method and by Godunov’s scheme for telegraph equations is carried out. It is illustrated, that FDTD method has some limited application for solving the telegraph equations in spite of the fact that it is of second order of accuracy.

  17. Modeling of overhead transmission lines for lightning overvoltage calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Martinez-Velasco, J.A.; Castro-Aranda, F.

    2010-10-15

    This article discussed the modelling of overhead transmission lines for lightning overvoltage calculations. Such a model must include those parts of the line that get involved when a lightning return stroke hits a wire or a tower and that have some influence on the voltage developed across insulator strings. Modelling guidelines differ depending on whether the goal is to estimate overvoltages or to determine arrester energy stresses. Modelling guidelines were summarized for each component, including shield wires and phase conductors; transmission line towers; insulators; phase voltages at the instant lightning hits the line; surge arresters; and the lightning stroke. The applied Monte Carlo procedure was summarized. For line span models, a constant-parameter model generally suffices when the goal is to calculate overvoltages across insulators or to obtain the flashover rate, but a frequency-dependent parameter model is necessary to estimate the energy discharged by arresters. The model selected for representing towers can have some influence on both flashover rates and arrester energy stresses. The representation of footing impedances is critical for calculating overvoltages and arrester energy stresses, but different modelling techniques produce significantly different results. The models are limited in that the corona effect is not included in the line models, the voltages induced by the electric and magnetic fields of lightning channels to shield wires and phase conductors are neglected, and the footing models are too simple, but they are nonetheless realistic approaches for simulating lightning effects. 2 tabs., 9 figs.

  18. Static design of steel-concrete lining for traffic tunnels

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vojtasik, Karel; Mohyla, Marek; Hrubesova, Eva

    2017-09-01

    Article summarizes the results of research focused on the structural design of traffic tunnel linings that have been achieved in the framework of a research project TE01020168 that supports The Technology Agency of Czech Republic. This research aim is to find and develop a process for design structure parameters of tunnel linings. These are now mostly build up by a shotcrete technology. The shotcrete is commonly endorsed either with steel girders or steel fibres. Since the installation a lining structure is loaded while strength and deformational parameters of shotcrete start to rise till the setting time elapses. That’s reason why conventional approaches of reinforced concrete are not suitable. As well as there are other circumstances to step in shown in this article. Problem is solved by 3D analysis using numerical model that takes into account all the significant features of a tunnel lining construction process inclusive the interaction between lining structure with rock massive. Analysis output is a view into development of stress-strain state in respective construction parts of tunnel lining the whole structure around, including impact on stability of rock massive. The proposed method comprises all features involved in tunnel fabrication including geotechnics and construction technologies.

  19. Five Mass Power Transmission Line of a Ship Computer Modelling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kazakoff Alexander Borisoff

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available The work, presented in this paper, appears to be a natural continuation of the work presented and reported before, on the design of power transmission line of a ship, but with different multi-mass model. Some data from the previous investigations are used as a reference data, mainly from the analytical investigations, for the developed in the previ- ous study, frequency and modal analysis of a five mass model of a power transmission line of a ship. In the paper, a profound dynamic analysis of a concrete five mass dynamic model of the power transmission line of a ship is performed using Finite Element Analysis (FEA, based on the previously recommended model, investigated in the previous research and reported before. Thus, the partially validated by frequency analysis five mass model of a power transmission line of a ship is subjected to dynamic analysis. The objective of the work presented in this paper is dynamic modelling of a five mass transmission line of a ship, partial validation of the model and von Mises stress analysis calculation with the help of Finite Element Analysis (FEA and comparison of the derived results with the analytically calculated values. The partially validated five mass power transmission line of a ship can be used for definition of many dy- namic parameters, particularly amplitude of displacement, velocity and acceleration, respectively in time and frequency domain. The frequency behaviour of the model parameters is investigated in frequency domain and it corresponds to the predicted one.

  20. Effect of Correlations Between Model Parameters and Nuisance Parameters When Model Parameters are Fit to Data

    CERN Document Server

    Roe, Byron

    2013-01-01

    The effect of correlations between model parameters and nuisance parameters is discussed, in the context of fitting model parameters to data. Modifications to the usual $\\chi^2$ method are required. Fake data studies, as used at present, will not be optimum. Problems will occur for applications of the Maltoni-Schwetz \\cite{ms} theorem. Neutrino oscillations are used as examples, but the problems discussed here are general ones, which are often not addressed.