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Sample records for lavaljer istorija stshastlivoi

  1. Curious Cases of the Enzymes / Neobiča Istorija Enzima

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    Ulusu Nuriye Nuray

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available : Život oko nas uglavnom se zasniva na biološkoj katalizi, pa bi se čak, u nekakvoj neromantičnoj priči, život mogao opisati kao niz hemijskih reakcija koje regulišu glavni principi termodinamike. U davnoj prošlosti, ku­canje srca bilo je znak dobrog zdravlja, međutim, za mene, najvažniju ulogu ima upravo prisustvo enzima... Mada ne obraćamo često pažnju na to, istorija enzimologije stara je koliko i sam ljudski rod i seže daleko u prošlost. CVaj rad posvećen je baš tim počecima u ovoj veoma zanimljivoj nauci, koja je u prošlosti ostavila traga na našim životima i koja će u budućnosti učiniti da život bude mnogo pro­duktivniji za čovečanstvo. Između čoveka i enzima postojao je oduvek jedan delikatan, suštinski važan odnos. Suočen s nepoznatom i neprijateljski nastrojenom prirodom punom grabljivaca, preistorijski čovek rano je otkrio lekovita svojstva biljaka, i to metodom probe i greške. Štaviše, slučajno su otkriveni inhibitori enzima, čime je, grubo rečeno, još tada otvorena nova oblast istraživanja. Oi biljni derivati koji su imali ulogu inhibitora enzima pomagali su preistorijskom čoveku u njegovoj borbi da opstane i zaštiti se od grabljiva­ca; prilikom lova i ribolova... Kasnije kroz istoriju, sa nepro- menjenom svrhom opstanka i poboljšanja kvaliteta života, enzimologija je iz korena transformisana, a metodologiju »probe i greške« iz praistorije zamenile su racionalne naučne teorije.

  2. Istorija odnogo posvjashtshenija / Pavel Reifman

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Reifman, Pavel, 1923-2012

    1998-01-01

    Bibl. märkustes, lk. 50. Kokkuvõte inglise k. lk. 280. Zara Mintsi ja Juri Lotmani suhetest tšehhi kirjandusteadlastega ja nende seisukohast Tšehhoslovakkia okupeerimisse Varssavi pakti riikide poolt 1968. a

  3. "V glubokoi glotke" - istorija pornodivõ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filme Narvas - dokumentaalfilm "Sügavas kurgus" ("Inside Deep Throat") : režissöörid Fenton Bailey, Randy Barbato : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005. Film käsitleb 1972.a. kurikuulsa pornofilmi "Sügav kurk" ("Deep Throat") fenomeni

  4. Istorija mojei semi / Aleksandr Stahhovitsh ; per. s frantsuzskogo: Aleksei Gluhhov

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Stahhovitsh, Aleksandr

    1998-01-01

    Vene emigrandi poja, prantsuse diplomaadi mälestused oma suguvõsast, kirjutatud Luxembourgis 1967. a. augustis. Vt. ka Aleksei Gluhhovi artiklit 'S tem zhe dostoinstvom i veroi' (Võshgorod 1998, nr. 4, lk. 6-8)

  5. Istorija vnov aktualna / Aleksandr Tšaplõgin

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    Tšaplõgin, Aleksandr, 1964-

    2007-01-01

    Euroopa Nõukogu Parlamentaarse Assamblee president Rene van der Linden kritiseeris Eestit seoses Teises maailmasõjas Saksa poolel sõdinute kokkutulekuga Sinimägedes. Parlamendiliikmete Marko Mihkelsoni, Peeter Kreitzbergi, Evelin Sepa ja Vladimir Velmani arvamusi

  6. Pseudo-istorija/arheologija i globalizacija: primer ex Yu prostora

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    Vesna Manojlović Nikolić

    2017-01-01

    Full Text Available U radu se diskutuje povezanost procesa globalizacije i pseudonaučnih tumačenja prošlosti. Istaknuta je dvostruka veza između efekata procesa globalizacije i pseudoistorijskog/pseudoarheološkog izmišljanja prošlosti. Prva je tendencija da se nezadovoljstvo kulturnom globalizacijom kompenzuje verovanjem u drugačiju i lepšu prošlost, dok se druga odnosi na upotrebu savremenih sredstava komunikacije u prenošenju pseudonaučnih tumačenja prošlosti širokoj javnosti. Pomoću primera sa područja bivše SFR Jugoslavije ukazano je da proces tranzicije ka globalnom društvu, koji se desio posle perioda eskalacije nacionalizama, doprinosi osećaju krize nacionalnih, regionalnih i lokalnih identiteta i prouzrokuje težnju ka stvaranju izmišljenih prošlosti. Takođe, skrenuta je pažnja da pseudoistoričari i pseudoarheolozi obilato koriste globalna sredstva masovne komunikacije, pre svega internet, čime njihova tumačenja postaju dostupna velikom broju ljudi i prete da postanu jedan od glavnih (iako zabludnih izvora za oblikovanje stavova o prošlosti i sadašnjosti.

  7. Kas ir kaip pasakoja istorijas šiuolaikinėje dramoje?

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    Labanauskaitė, Gabrielė

    2013-01-01

    Gabrielė Labanauskaitė is a last-year PhD student at Lithuanian Music and Theatre Academy. Her article "Who and how is telling stories in contemporary drama?" is analysing the narrator instance in theatre plays. The author is uniting classical narratology theory tools (which so far have been mostly applied to essays and novels) and her own research in order to discover and represent the most popular narrator types in drama. G. Labanauskaitė realised that G. Gennette’s invented typology of nar...

  8. Dokumentalnõi film "V glubokoi glotke" - istorija pornodivõ

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2005-01-01

    IX Pimedate Ööde Filmifestivali filme Narvas - dokumentaalfilm "Sügavas kurgus" ("Inside Deep Throat") : režissöörid Fenton Bailey, Randy Barbato : Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005. Film käsitleb 1972.a. kurikuulsa pornofilmi "Sügav kurk" ("Deep Throat") fenomeni

  9. Pakartokime dar kartą : perdirbimas kaip vaidinimas, istorija ir atmintis

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    Keefe, John

    2010-01-01

    This is a revised and expanded version of the paper given at The Past is Still to Change conference, Vytautas Magnus University, Kaunas, 2009. As such, it benefits from the papers and discussions running across the days and evenings of the event, for which I express my acknowledgement. The essay purposely retains some of the performative flavour of the paper. In both I endeavour to talk as one who respects the spectrum of histories and experiences represented at the conference, but noting the...

  10. Dainavà. Vardo reikšmė, istorija ir kilmė

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    Simas Karaliūnas

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Dainavà. MEANING, HISTORY AND ORIGIN OF THE NAMESummarySeveral villages in Southern Lithuania bear the name Dainavà (acc. sg. Daĩnavą. There is a village of this name, inhabitated by the Lithuanians, also in Byelorussia, in Grodno region, Zietela district (in Byelorussian Dziatlovo as well as Diatlovo. The name is attested in 13th c. historical sources written in Latin: Deynowe, Denowe. In 16th c. Russian chronicles we find Doinova (Дойнова. It has been long ago assumed by investigators that this was the Lithuanian name for the Yatvingians, a tribe of the Western Balts. In addition to this, there are ten villages in Aukštaičiai (in the Highlands of Lithuania called Dainiaĩ. It was suggested by historians that in some cases these villages got the name from the name plur. *dainiaĩ (sg. *dainỹs of the population of the Dainava region.In Lithuanian there are adjectives dienì and dienė̃ „pregnant, with calf, in foal” (< *dēin(ii̯o-, used, e. g., in dienì kárvė „cow, that calves“, dienì kumẽlė „mare in foal“.Lith. diẽndaržis „cattleyard; enclosure“ etymologically correspond to Latv. dìendā̀rzs, dìendā̀rzs2, diendaržis „cattlehurdle“. They are compounds that contain Baltic * diena, *diene (acc. sg. *diẽną, *diẽnę subst. fem. „cow“ and Lith. dar̃žas, Latv. dā̀rzs „kitchen-garden“. It is possible to reconstruct East Baltic * diena, * diene (acc. sg. * diẽną, *diẽnę subst. fem. „cow“ which derive from Protobaltic nouns *dḗinā, *dḗinē subst. fem. „cow“.In the East Latvian dialects we found atdiẽne „a cow, that calves in the second year“, adaine, a[t]daîne „a cow, that calves in the second year“, which contain a prefix at- and Baltic *diena, *diene subst. fem. „cow“ respectively *dā́inē „cow“.OInd. dhenúḥ fem. „(milk cow; female“, Avesta daēnu- fem. „female“, u stem, OInd. dhénā fem. „female; milk-cow; brests“, ā stem, seem to be etymological cognates of these Baltic words.So there are good grounds for believing that the name of the inhabitants of the former region Dainava pl. * dainiaĩ (sg. *dainỹs, acc. sg. *dáinin < *dāinin with a primitive meaning „cow-herds, cow-boys“ in historical-comparative aspect is connected with *dā́inē „cow“. From the very outset, the name pl. *dainiaĩ with the suffix *-(ii̯o- evidently must have meant tribesmen as countable members of a tribe. Dainavà, Dainuvà, derivatives with the suffixes –ava/-uva, might have been collective names for the ethnic group as an indivisible whole.It seems that the names Dainavà, Dainuvà have etymologically nothing to do with the hydronyms Dainavà Daĩn-upis etc., as has been assumed by some scholars, then they may represent quite a different root. They are most likely derived with a suffix -n- from the root *deih1- „spank along, dash, speed along; turn, go round“, which is attested in Latv. diêt (deju „to dance; to jump (about, leap; to sing“, OInd. dī́yati „he flies, soars“, Gr. δινέω, δινεύω „to turn, twist, swing...“.

  11. Dvorjanskoje gnezdo : glava iz knigi 'ESTICA : kultura i istorija' / Jüri Kuuskemaa

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    Kuuskemaa, Jüri, 1942-

    1998-01-01

    Rägavere mõisa härrastemajast, arvatav arhitekt Johann Schulz. Selle taastamisest kultuurikeskuse tarvis. Sisekujundaja Leila Pärtelpoeg, skulptor Cornelius Tamm. Maali- ja mööblikollektsioonist

  12. Delo o 15 millionah dollarov, ili Istorija s kontrabandoi, krazhami, obmanom i podozrenijem v ubiistve / Tatjana Jurassova

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Jurassova, Tatjana

    1998-01-01

    Nikolai Hardzhijevi (1903-1996) arhiivi saatusest. Arhiivi kunsti-osa moodustasid Malevitshi, Larionovi, Tatlini, Gontsharovi, Lissitski jt. (1355 eks.) tööd. N. Hardzhijev oli teadlane, vene avangardi (kunstnikud, poeedid) parim tundja

  13. Antano Baranausko dienoraštis: rašymo ir leidimo istorija.| Antanas Baranauskas’ diary: the history of it’s writing and editing

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    Tomas Andriukonis

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The article considers Antanas Baranauskas’s diary – the manuscript of its text and its three publications. During careful examination of the diary making principles there will be brought up an issue of the Baranauskas’s text boundaries – how they are clearly defined, where they (maybe are, how they have been considered and how they have been built in the di­ary publications. A more careful study of the diary discloses an ambivalent genre of Barnauskas’s text – started as a diary, in the end it looks more like an au­tobiography. Diary’s re-writing can be considered as a separate issue, taking into consideration that it makes more complicated the issue of the text boundaries, also it makes correction in the diary’s reading strategy.

  14. Lietuvos liaudies armijos reorganizavimo į 29-ąjį teritorinį Raudonosios armijos šaulių pulko istorija 1940-1941 m

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    Čapenko, Aleksandr

    2007-01-01

    The article analyzes the history of reorganization of Lithuanian people’s army into the 29th territorial regiment of the Red Army starting from 17 August 1940, when the Defense Commissioner of the USSR, the Marshal of the Soviet Union S. K. Timoshenko announced on the necessary reorganization, till its final dissolution in the August of 1941. The phases of reorganization, the related problems, the composition of the regiment, the issues of the available ammunition, clothing and funding are an...

  15. Mykolo Šulco "Kalba apie architektūrą" ir meno istorija Vilniaus universitete XIX a. pirmojoje pusėje

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    Levandauskas, Vytautas

    2011-01-01

    The earliest comprehensive and purposeful historical work of architecture is “Kalba apie architektūrą” by Mykolas Šulcas. It was prepared in 1801 according to a public lecture given at Vilnius University. The report was published as a separate work. An aim of the article is to make an analysis of the work as the first purposeful work in Lithuania and neighbouring countries about art history in the context of Vilnius University science of architecture. After the issue of “Kalba apie architektū...

  16. Davaite budem nemnogo glupõmi / Luiza Mishina

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mishina, Luiza

    1996-01-01

    Nagibin, Juri. Tma v kontse tunnelja. Moja zolotaja teshtsha : Povesti. Moskva : PIK, 1994; Nagibin, Juri. Dafnis i Hloja epohhi kulta litshnosti, voljuntarisma i zastoja : Istorija odnoi ljubvi. Moskva : PIK, 1995

  17. Tekst ja subjekt. Tartu koolkonna teine põlvkond / Marek Tamm

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tamm, Marek, 1973-

    1997-01-01

    Arvustus: Lotman, Mihhail. Mandelshtam i Pasternak : popõtka kontrastivnoi poetiki. Tallinn : Aleksandra, 1996. (Biblioteka zhurnala Tallinn); Torop, Peeter. Dostojevski : istorija i ideologija. Tartu : Tartu Ülikooli Kirjastus, 1997

  18. Atomnaja jenergetika Pribaltiki: istorija vozniknovenija i politiko-jekonomicheskie osobennosti razvitija [Nuclear power in the Baltic Sea region: the history of emergence and the political and economic features of its development

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    Kretinin Gannady

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available This article focuses on the development of peaceful nuclear power. The author draws attention to the fact that nuclear power is a rather young branch of national economy. However, over recent decades, it has already seen rises and falls, and a number of states have had tragic experiences of nuclear emergencies. Nevertheless, many countries — including the three Baltic States of Estonia, Latvia and Lithuania — express a strong interest in development, generation, and application of nuclear power. In the Baltic States, nuclear power dates back to the Soviet times, but its development was suspended pursuant to the EU regulations (the Ignalina NPP. Lithuania, Latvia, and Estonia have been striving for energy independence from Russia — the principal supplier of energy carriers to these countries. For a long time, the three Baltic States have been proclaiming their unanimity on the general European path of development. However, the reality proved to be different. The touchstone for achieving common goals was the idea of constructing a new NPP at the site of the closed Ignalina NPP. The author concludes that the joint construction of a new NPP is quite questionable. When it comes to politics, each of the three Baltic States is ready to build its own NPP. Thus, the development of nuclear power in the Baltic Sea region requires joint coordinated actions independent of any bloc-inspired interests of the states involved. Moreover, this success may prove sustainable if the actions are based on innovative decisions and modern technologies.

  19. Tapatybės virsmo istorija: Vaižganto Pragiedruliai ir 1918–1920 m. konfliktas dėl Vilniaus | The narrative of identity transformation: Vaižgantas’s novel Pragiedruliai and the 1918-1920 conflict over Vilnius

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    Mindaugas Kvietkauskas

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available This article deals with the problem of representation of the Lithuanian national identity in the novel Pragiedruliai (Bright Spaces by Juozas Tumas-Vaižgantas (1869–1933. The classical novel, which was planned to become an epos of the Lithuanian national revival, was published in three parts during 1918–1920 in Vilnius, at the height of political and military conflict between Lithuania and Poland over the possession of this multinational city. The author himself was one of the main Lithuanian combatants in the field of nationalist ideology and press as he edited the main Lithuanian dailies (Lietuvos Aidas, Nepriklausomoji Lietuva in Vilnius in that period. In his numerous press articles, Vaižgantas discussed Lithuanian identity as a phenomenon born from the local spirit of nature, formed by the primeval forces of biosphere, and organically evolving into the modern state of national consciousness. By suggesting this model of “organically modern” and “naturally democratic” Lithuanian identity, Vaižgantas was creating an antithesis against the image of Lithuanians as uncivilized barbarians propagated by the Polish nationalist side. However, the novel Pragiedruliai reveals much more diverse and complicated process of conversion of the “natural” or “pantheist” Lithuanian consciousness into the modern national selfimage. While trying to elaborate the symbolic literary narrative of this identity transformation, Vaižgantas included intertextual references to Pan Tadeusz, a 19th century Polish epos about the Lithuanian Grand Duchy noblemen by Adam Mickiewicz, as well as symbols indicating the intricate link between the Lithuanian identity and the cultural history of the Grand Duchy. The original opening chapters of Vaduvų kraštas (The Land of Vaduvos, the second volume of the novel, presented an acute criticism of the Lithuanian “natural” consciousness from the perspective modern cultural liberalism. Thus the clear construction of identity used by Vaižgantas in his political rhetoric becomes complicated and in some cases is even undermined in the polysemantic literary texture of his novel.

  20. Elementary Particles and the Forces of Nature

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    Hawking, Stephen W.

    2017-01-01

    Stephen W. Hawking, who was born in 1942 on the anniversary of Galileo’s death, holds Isaac Newton’s chair as Lucasian Professor of Mathematics at the University of Cambridge. Widely regarded as the most brilliant theoretical physicist since Einstein, he is also the author of Black Holes and Baby Universes, published in 1993, as well as numerous scientific papers and books.Посилання:Stephen W. Hawking, A Brief History of Time From the Big Bang to Black Holes, 1988.Kratkaja istorija vremeni. O...

  1. Unification and approximation of the law of civil procedure

    OpenAIRE

    Juronytė, Austė

    2014-01-01

    Šiame darbe yra analizuojami bendrieji civilinio proceso teisės vienodinimo ir derinimo civilinėse ir komercinėse bylose teorinai ir praktiniai klausimai: tai civilinio proceso teisės samprata, istorija ir pagrindiniai šių dienų civilinio proceso teisės raidos bruožai. Taip pat pirmojoje darbo dalyje analizuojamos civilinio proceso teisės vienodinimo kliūtys bei pagrindinės civilinio proceso teisės vienodinimo priežastys arba tikslai, svarstoma kiek jos yra pagrįstos. Antroji darbo dalis yra ...

  2. Dar kartą apie lie. auka kilmę

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    Birutė Kabašinskaitė

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Once more on the origin of Lith. aukaThis article aims to show that the origin of the words aukauti ‘sacrificeʼ, auka ‘sacrifice, donationʼ and aukuras ‘sacrificial siteʼ goes back to the 19th century. These are the transformations and new formations by Simonas Daukantas. The word aukuoti ‘rock, heave’ was assigned the contextual meaning of ‘to make a heave offering’ by the editors of Bretkūnas’ Bible. Daukantas made use of the words aukuoti, aukavimas in this particular sense; he is likely to have taken them as substitutes for Slavisms apieravoti, apiera from Milkus’ (Mielcke dictionary. Daukantas unconsciously altered the infinitive form of the verb (aukauti and provided a peculiar interpretation of the word itself, he saw a different motivation for the act of aukauti, that of calming, pacifying the gods (the purpose of the offering rather than its manner. This is shown by the specific collocability of aukauti coinciding with the valency of maldyti, raminti ‘appease, soothe’ as well as some word collocations used by Daukantas. However, already in the Istorija žemaitiška (Samogitian History where Daukantas’ remake aukauti was first used, a different valency (the same as in the modern language of this verb was encountered; it was determined by the influence of synonymous Slavisms apiera, apieravoti. The article also discusses the formation of the neologisms auka, aukas and aukuras.

  3. O mogućnostima naučnog objašnjenja zasnovanog na metodološkom individualizmu u antropologiji

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    Suzana Ignjatović

    2018-02-01

    Full Text Available Rad se bavi primenom metodološkog individualizma u antropologiji. U radu se preispituju kritike metodološkog individualizma koje ističu da ovaj pristup nije odgovarajući za antropologiju zbog specifičnosti te discipline. Autori polaze od toga da postoje prednosti ovog epistemološkog okvira za razumevanje fenomena kojima se bavi antropologija. Ispitivanje mogućnosti naučnog objašnjenja u okviru metodološkog individualizma stavlja se u relaciju sa suprotstavljenim epistemološkim okvirom metodološkog holizma. Druga pretpostavka autora je da antropologija nije isključivo holistička nauka, jer istorija antropološke teorije pokazuje da ova nauka ima tradiciju metodološkog individualizma. Rad prikazuje ključna dostignuća antropologa koji su svoje istraživačke i teorijske nalaze definisali primenom metodološkog individualizma. Takođe se ispituju alternativni oblici naučnog objašnjenja koji slede metodološki individualizam, u radovima savremenih antropologa (Holi, Štuhlik, kao i autora iz drugih oblasti koji slede isti metodološki postupak (Budon, a čiji zaključci su relevantni za antropologiju. Zaključak rada je da metodološki individualizam ima značajno mesto u antropologiji i da postoje područja ove discipline koja mogu imati heurističku korist od epistemoloških pristupa koji slede principe metodološkog individualizma.

  4. Non-Destructive Methods for Determining Burn-Up in Nuclear Fuel; Methodes Non Destructives d'Evaluation du Taux de Combustion dans le Combustible Nucleaire; Metody opredeleniya vygoraniya v yadernom toplive bez razrusheniya obraztsa; Metodos No Destructivos para Determinai el Grado de Combustion de los Elementos Combustibles Nucleares

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McGonnagle, W. J. [Illinois Institute of Technology, Chicago, IL (United States)

    1966-02-15

    jadernyh reaktorah bez razrushenija obrazca javljajutsja poleznymi i zhelatel'nymi. Ideal'nym byl by metod, ne trebujushhij special'nyh dannyh o nejtronnom spektre, istorii radiacii ili vremeni ohlazhdenija. Obluchennye toplivnye jelementy sami po sebe javljajutsja nositeljami informacii o stepeni vygoranija topliva. Jeta informacija soderzhitsja v forme radioaktivnyh i stabil'nyh izotopov, obrazujushhihsja v processe delenija. K sozhaleniju,kak pri metodah analiza topliva bez razrushenija obrazca, tak i s razrusheniem obrazca nejtronnyj spektr, istorija radiacii i period ohlazhdenija vlijajut na jetu informaciju. Tochno tak zhe nedostatok tochnyh jadernyh dannyh, takih, kak znachenija jadernyh poperechnyh sechenij, vlijaet na ljubye vychislenija, kotorye mozhno bylo by proizvesti. Drugoj trudnost'ju pri analizah bez razrushenija obrazca javljaetsja nalichie polej vysokoj radiacii, kotoraja vnosit dopolnitel'nyj ''shum'' v fon pri izmerenijah. Razrabotka poleznyh i real'nyh standartov javljaetsja trudnym delom. Metody analiza stepeni vygoranija bez razrushenija obrazca osobenno polezny togda, kogda trebuetsja bystro i jekonomichno, dazhe pri sushhestvujushhem polozhenii s ih nedostatkom, poluchit' zhelatel'nuju tochnost' priblizitel'noj velichiny vygoranija. Ispol'zovalos' neskol'ko metodov dlja opredelenija stepeni vygoranija bez razrushenija obrazca; vedetsja ih ocenka ili oni predlagajutsja. Ispol'zovalis' razlichnye tipy spektrometrov, v tom chisle spektrometry s izognutym kristallom, magnitnyj komptonovskij spektrometr, komptonovskij spektrometr na sovpadenija i scintilljacionnyj spektrometr dlja analiza gamma-izluchenija radioaktivnogo materiala, obrazujushhegosja vo vremja processa delenija. Drugie metody analiza bez razrushenija obrazca vkljuchajut aktivaciju fol'gi, propuskanie nejtronov, aktivacionnyj analiz, izmerenie zahvata gamma-luchej i izmerenie mgnovennyh i zapazdyvajushhih nejtronov. Rassmatrivajutsja osnovnye principy kazhdogo iz vyshenazvannyh metodov i

  5. The United States Atomic Energy Commission Programme of Nuclear Materials Management; Le Programme de Gestion des Matieres Nucleaires Applique par L'USAEC; Programma komissii po atomnoj ehnergii ssha v oblasti obrashcheniya s yadernymi materialami; El Programa de Administracion de Materiales Nucleares de la Comision de Energia Atomica de los Estados Unidos

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    George, D. E. [United States Atomic Energy Commission, Washington, DC (United States)

    1966-02-15

    seguidos por la AEC para asegurarse de la eficacia de los programas establecidos por sus contratistas para la administracion de los materiales nucleares. Ademas de las que se encuentran en poder de los contratistas que explotan plantas y laboratorios de la AEC, existen considerables cantidades de materiales nucleares especiales que son objeto de una gran variedad de arreglos de caracter financiero y administrativo: en arriendo, con el titulo de propiedad transferido, sujetos a contratos en virtud de los cuales el usuario es responsable economicamente de las perdidas o a acuerdos en los que se estipula que las perdidas recaen en la AEC. La memoria trata de la forma en que la AEC enfoca esas situaciones tan distintas y concluye con un breve resumen de los problemas que aun quedan por resolver. (author) [Russian] Opredeljaetsja oblast' obrashhenija s jadernymi materialami pod rukovodstvom Komissii po atomnoj jenergii SShA i izlagaetsja istorija razvitija jetoj otrasli proizvodstva s 1943 goda do nastojashhego vremeni.. Namechaetsja i obsuzhdaetsja v obshhih chertah osnovnaja programma. Upor delaetsja na osushhestvlenie teh chastej programmy KAJe SShA, kotorye imejut otnoshenie k razrabotke i hraneniju kolichestvennyh dannyh, ustanovleniju vnutrennego kontrolja i ocenke kachestva ispolnenija. Dovol'no podrobno obsuzhdajutsja primenjaemye v nastojashhee vremja metody registracii i obrabotki dannyh o peredache v ramkah KAJe, kak, naprimer, metody predstavlenija otchetov o balanse materialov, v kotoryh periodicheski obobshhajutsja perevody i rezul'taty operacij. Takzhe obsuzhdajutsja metody, primenjaemye KAJe dlja proverki jeffektivnosti programm podrjadchikov v oblasti obrashhenija s jadernymi materialami. Krome materiala, kotorym raspolagajut podrjadchiki, jekspluatirujushhie ustanovki i laboratorii, prinadlezhashhie KAJe, bol'shoe kolichestvo special'nogo rasshhepljajushhego materiala postupaet v ramkah ochen' raznoobraznyh finansovyh i administrativnyh meroprijatij, naprimer

  6. On Mixing Processes in the Sea; Processus de Melange dans la Mer; 041f 0420 041e 0414 ; Los Procesos de Mezclado en las Aguas del Mar

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Joseph, Joachim [German Hydrographic Institute, Hamburg, Federal Republic of Germany (Germany)

    1960-07-01

    las posibilidades de evacuar desechos en los hielos de las regiones artica y antartica de nuestro planeta. Es absolutamente necesario estudiar y experimentar a fondo los procesos resultantes de Ja evacuacion de materiales radiactivos en el mar. En efecto, para poder resolver multiples interrogantes en esta esfera, hace falta conocer a fondo esos problemas. A este respecto, la investigacion de los procesos de mezclado y de dispersion en los mares tiene primordial importancia. El autor refleja en su estudio el estado actual de los conocimientos teoricos y de Ja experiencia practica. Dentro de ciertos Jimites, las estadisticas pueden ayudar a determinar como se difunde en las aguas del mar, a partir de un punto y sobre zonas de un radio medio de 10 a 1,500 km, una determinada sustancia concentrada. Este metodo depende de ciertos hechos relacionados con el espectro de turbulencia, desconocido aun por lo que respecta a muchas zonas marinas. En el estudio se explican las distintas condiciones que concurren en Jas diversas zonas oceanicas y en los mares litorales y continentales. Ademas, incluye un plan orientado a intensificar la labor de investigacion oceanografica en el plano internacional. (author) [Russian] Udalenie radioaktivnyh othodov v morja ne javljaetsja lish' problemoj dlja obsuzhdenija. V nastojashhee vremja jeto neprelozhnyj fakt, kotoryj budet nabljudat'sja vse chashhe i chashhe v predstojashhie gody. Udalenie othodov vyzyvaet ser'eznye opasenija u bol'shinstva okeanografov. Istorija razvitija tehniki uchit, chto neschastnye sluchai, svjazannye s neispravnostjami v tehnike i nedosmotrom so storony ljudej, neizbezhny, nesmotrja na ves'ma tshhatel'no primenjaemye mery predostorozhnosti. Takim obrazom, my dolzhny prinimat' vo vnimanie tot fakt, chto nekotorye rajony morej budut bol'she zagrjaznjat'sja, chem drugie. Fiziko-himicheskie i biologicheskie vozdejstvija takogo zagrjaznenija nel'zja bylo polnost'ju predusmotret' do sih por. Biologicheskoe vlijanie