WorldWideScience

Sample records for laboratory worker knowledge

  1. On Knowledge Workers in the Knowledge Society

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    DU Yu-wei; WANG Shu-hong

    2004-01-01

    The paper makes a study on our present knowledge society and knowledge workers. After analyzing the reason that knowledge workers are the newly emerging dominant group in this knowledge society, it gets to the point that the real leadership in the age of knowledge are knowledge workers. Yet, they have to actively organize and learn together, otherwise, they would be same as the workers of industrial model. Only through organizational learning can knowledge workers turn into a very innovative learning organization dancing with the unexpected.

  2. Knowledge worker training in Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Zulkifli, Izyani

    2010-01-01

    An increasing number of countries have shifted, or are shifting, towards the knowledge-based economy. For these countries, including Malaysia, the quality of knowledge workers is extremely important in determining the pace and success of such transition. Thus, training is often carried out to improve the skills of knowledge workers at the workplace. But despite its importance, research on knowledge worker training is extremely limited. This study seeks to partially fill this gap in the litera...

  3. Worker Knowledge of Pension Provisions

    OpenAIRE

    Mitchell, Olivia S.

    1987-01-01

    This paper evaluates the quality of workers' information regarding pension offerings using both administrative records and worker reports of pension provisions. Missing and misinformation proves to be widespread. Unionized employees, higher income workers and those in large firms, the better educated, and those with greater seniority are better informed about their pensions. There are also demographic differences: nonwhites have less pension knowledge than whites, but women are better informe...

  4. HOLISTIC MODEL OF KNOWLEDGE WORKER AND MARKET KNOWLEDGE VENTURES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Telemtaev Marat Makhmetovich

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The main purpose of this work is the creation of model of knowledge of the worker of the enterprise and the concept of the market of knowledge of the enterprise and the market of knowledge of a society of knowledge. To purpose achievement it is applied complete-approach of Telemtaev M.M. The contradiction between the market in environment of the enterprise and absence of the market in the internal environment of the enterprise is shown. The role of capitalization of knowledge is shown. A number of new results is received. The general model of knowledge of the worker of the enterprise, and three private models of knowledge of the worker entering into it are developed. The Principle of complete-thinking and practice of the worker and the Principle of the organic replenishments of knowledge of the worker are formulated. It is established that a kernel of complete model of knowledge of the worker is set «ability and skill». The concept of technology of the market of knowledge of the enterprise is developed. As a methodological basis of technology of the market of knowledge the Law of industrialization of knowledge, the Law of mechanization of knowledge, the Law technologization knowledge, the Principle of enrichment of knowledge are formulated. Conditions of interaction of the worker and knowledge - PMK-literacy of the worker and FPI-availability of knowledge are established. The received results are sufficient for construction of base models of knowledge of workers and the concept of the market of knowledge of the concrete enterprise that allows the enterprise to create strategy of effective application of knowledge of workers and to develop advancing strategy of occurrence in the market of a society of knowledge.

  5. Factors Affecting The Retention Of Knowledge Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Margie Sutherland; Wilhelm Jordaan

    2004-01-01

    One of the characteristics of knowledge workers is their high level of mobility. The cost of labour turnover of these key resources is high in both financial and non financial terms. There is thus a need to understand what the factors are that underpin the retention cognitions of knowledge workers. Data was collected from 306 knowledge workers in full time employment representing a wide range of demographic groupings. The results showed that job satisfaction and organisational commitment do n...

  6. Knowledge Work in Context. User Centered Knowledge Worker Support.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Sappelli, M.

    2016-01-01

    There is an increase in the number of burn-out complaints in knowledge workers. One of the causes is the ‘information overload‘ problem; people have to process a large amounts of information continuously. We need to make sure that knowledge workers can find and organize their information better i

  7. KNOWLEDGE WORKERS, COMPETENCIES, VIRTUALITY AND MANAGEMENT

    OpenAIRE

    Maria Fekete Farkas; Gabor Torok

    2011-01-01

    In this paper the authors set out to interpret and define the concept of the „knowledge worker” with reference to the context of post-industrial transformation (new economy, information/network/knowledge/learning economy/ society). They are reviewing a three dimensional model applicable for the identification of different types of knowledge workers and discuss in detail various issues with regards their work-related competencies. The economy of emotions and attention as well as the phenomena ...

  8. Hand hygiene among laboratory workers.

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Alp, E.; Haverkate, D.; Voss, A.

    2006-01-01

    We performed a study to measure the compliance of laboratory personnel with different components of hand hygiene. The level of compliance at the end of duty was 100%; however, 36.7% of subjects wore a ring, 46.9% wore a watch, and 6.1% wore a bracelet. Pathogenic microorganisms were exclusively foun

  9. Factors Affecting The Retention Of Knowledge Workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Margie Sutherland

    2004-11-01

    Full Text Available One of the characteristics of knowledge workers is their high level of mobility. The cost of labour turnover of these key resources is high in both financial and non financial terms. There is thus a need to understand what the factors are that underpin the retention cognitions of knowledge workers. Data was collected from 306 knowledge workers in full time employment representing a wide range of demographic groupings. The results showed that job satisfaction and organisational commitment do not predict knowledge workers’ proposed future length of service.Factor analysis revealed seven underlying dimensions of retention cognitions. Cluster analysis revealed nine distinct clusters of knowledge workers with regard to their retention cognitions. High levels of individualism, need for challenge and focus on personal development were demonstrated. The implications of these findings are discussed. OpsommingEen van die eienskappe van kenniswerkers is hulle hoë vlak van mobiliteit. Die koste van arbeidsomset van hierdie sleutelbronne is hoog in beide finansiële en nie-finansiële terme. Daar bestaan dus ’n behoefte om die faktore wat onderliggend is aan die retensiekognisies van kenniswerkers te verstaan. Data is ingesamel van 306 kenniswerkers in voltydse diens wat ’n wye reeks demografiese groeperings verteenwoordig. Die resultate dui daarop dat werktevredenheid en organisasieverbondenheid nie die kenniswerkers se verwagte lengte van diens voorspel nie. Faktorontleding het sewe onderliggende dimensies van retensiekognisies blootgelê. ’n Bondelontleding het nege duidelike bondels van kenniswerkers ten opsigte van hulle retensiekognisies onderskei. Hoë vlakke van individualisme, behoefte aan uitdaging en fokus op persoonlike ontwikkeling is aangedui. Die implikasies van hierdie bevindinge word bespreek.

  10. The Future Knowledge Worker: an Intercultural Perspective

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ramona-Diana LEON

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper aims to provide empirical evidence regarding the influence of cultural specificity on the capacity of the European higher education institutions of developing the future knowledge workers. Therefore, an exploratory research is employed and the qualitative approach is combined with the qualitative one. The focus is on the European business faculties since they are the main provider of the advanced economies workforce. 24 units of analysis are selected based on five criteria: university’s number of students, research level, experience on the market, presence on QS Worlds University Ranking, position occupied in national ranking and access to information; for each of them, a content analysis is applied. Then, a logistic regression analysis is employed in order to determine whether cultural dimensions (independent variables influence the use of a specific teaching activity, the development of certain skills and faculties’ capacity of developing the future knowledge workers (dependent variables. The results show that power distance and uncertainty avoidance may decrease the odds of developing the future European knowledge worker while the long term orientation may increase these odds. All five clasical dimensions of Hofstede influence the development of graduates’ skills but only four of them have an impact on the teaching and evaluating activities, namely: power distance, individualism, masculinity and uncertainty avoidance; the second one influences academics’ attitude towards increasing the use of practical activities within the courses while the other ones have an impact on the theoretical activities.

  11. Outdoor Workers and Sun Protection: Knowledge and Behaviour

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jane Cioffi

    2012-11-01

    Full Text Available Outdoor workers are at high risk of developing skin cancer. Primary prevention can potentiallyreduce the incidence of skin cancer in this group. This study aimed to determine theknowledge and sun protective behaviour of outdoor workers towards skin cancer. A shortquestionnaire was used to collect data from workers on construction sites during workinghours. Despite workers having knowledge of the risks of skin cancer their use of sun protectionwas less than satisfactory, particularly considering their cumulative exposure.Workplace health education programs for outdoor workers addressing sun protection areindicated, as is further research to increase understanding of issues workers have withsun protection in the workplace.

  12. Retaining Knowledge Workers : A ranking of the most valuable Rewards

    OpenAIRE

    Strand, Lars-Olof

    2016-01-01

    With the past decades of a growing trend in the western-world where knowledge workers are replacing traditional workers the importance of finding ways to attract, retain and engage the former is becoming even more challenging as the preferences of this kind of workers is totally different than for other workers. Non-monetary rewards such as achievement, autonomy and feedback have for a long time been highlighted by researchers to be of importance, yet the human relations departments (HR) stil...

  13. Restaurant manager and worker food safety certification and knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Laura G; Le, Brenda; Wong, Melissa R; Reimann, David; Nicholas, David; Faw, Brenda; Davis, Ernestine; Selman, Carol A

    2014-11-01

    Over half of foodborne illness outbreaks occur in restaurants. To combat these outbreaks, many public health agencies require food safety certification for restaurant managers, and sometimes workers. Certification entails passing a food safety knowledge examination, which is typically preceded by food safety training. Current certification efforts are based on the assumption that certification leads to greater food safety knowledge. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention conducted this study to examine the relationship between food safety knowledge and certification. We also examined the relationships between food safety knowledge and restaurant, manager, and worker characteristics. We interviewed managers (N=387) and workers (N=365) about their characteristics and assessed their food safety knowledge. Analyses showed that certified managers and workers had greater food safety knowledge than noncertified managers and workers. Additionally, managers and workers whose primary language was English had greater food safety knowledge than those whose primary language was not English. Other factors associated with greater food safety knowledge included working in a chain restaurant, working in a larger restaurant, having more experience, and having more duties. These findings indicate that certification improves food safety knowledge, and that complex relationships exist among restaurant, manager, and worker characteristics and food safety knowledge. PMID:25361386

  14. Activity-logging for self-coaching of knowledge workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koldijk, S.J.; Staalduinen, M. van; Raaijmakers, S.A.; Rooij, I. van; Kraaij, W.

    2011-01-01

    With an increased societal focus on a sustainable economy and a healthy population, well-being of knowledge workers has become an important topic. This paper investigates techniques to support a knowledge worker to manage his well-being. A possible solution is to monitor the workers’ behaviour and u

  15. Knowledge Worker Control: Understanding via Principal and Agency Theory

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mitchell, Rebecca; Meacheam, David

    2011-01-01

    Purpose: The growing prominence of knowledge workers in contemporary organisations has led to a considerable amount of research into their role and activities, however, despite this growing interest, there remains a lack of clarity regarding the relationship of knowledge workers to management. This paper aims to respond by investigating the…

  16. Corpi di knowledge workers forzatamente a disposizione

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Annalisa Murgia

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available Nel contesto di analisi delle condizioni di lavoro nell’era della conoscenza e delle tecnologie digitali, il nostro contributo vuole mettere l’attenzione sulle rappresentazioni dei/lle knowledge workers sulla progressiva ridefinizione dell’esperienza corporea, in direzione della perdita di rapporto con il corpo concreto, a favore di un corpo astrattamente inteso. Il discorso si colloca nella logica del “capitalismo tecno-nichilista”, inteso come “un sistema che, sfruttando la sistematica separazione tra le funzioni e i significati, si è progressivamente affermato quale modello di riferimento nel corso degli ultimi decenni”. La domanda di ricerca che ci poniamo in questo contributo è: in qual modo la precarizzazione del lavoro modifica le percezioni dei soggetti, e nello specifico dei lavoratori e delle lavoratrici della conoscenza, nella relazione con il proprio corpo? Nel discutere tale questione, intendiamo concentrarci non solo sugli effetti, ma anche sui processi e sulle relazioni sociali in cui i soggetti – e in varie forme anche le loro esperienze corporee – sono coinvolte.

  17. KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTIONS OF EXTENSION WORKERS ON SUSTAINABLE AGRICULTURAL PRACTICES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Neda Tiraieyari

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Due to the expansion of crop productions there has been an increase in the fertilizers’ use by farmers in Malaysia. Recently Sustainable Agricultural Practices (SAP is gaining attention within agricultural sector. The Department of Agriculture facilitates regular delivery of SAP knowledge to farmers through extension workers. However extension workers’ perceptions and knowledge on SAP is not known well in Malaysia. A survey of extension workers was conducted in peninsular Malaysia to identify their perceptions and knowledge about SAP and determine the extent to which extension workers communicate SAP to the farmers. A descriptive research design was used to collect data from 400 extension workers. Results suggest extension workers’ perceptions and knowledge of SAP are favorable. Extension workers indicated that they communicate SAP information to the farmers. Further investigation from farmers’ perspectives is required to discover to what extent extension plays significant role in promoting adoption of the program.

  18. Skin cancer in rural workers: nursing knowledge and intervention

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marta Regina Cezar-Vaz

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available OBJECTIVETo identify the exposure of rural workers to the sun's ultraviolet radiation and pesticides; to identify previous cases of skin cancer; and to implement clinical and communicative nursing actions among rural workers with a previous diagnosis of skin cancer.METHODObservational-exploratory study conducted with rural workers exposed to ultraviolet radiation and pesticides in a rural area in the extreme south of Brazil. A clinical judgment and risk communication model properly adapted was used to develop interventions among workers with a previous history of skin cancer.RESULTSA total of 123 (97.7% workers were identified under conditions of exposure to the sun's ultraviolet radiation and pesticides; seven (5.4% were identified with a previous diagnosis of skin cancer; four (57.1% of these presented potential skin cancer lesions.CONCLUSIONThis study's results enabled clarifying the combination of clinical knowledge and risk communication regarding skin cancer to rural workers.

  19. Knowledge, attitude, and practice of dyeing and printing workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paramasivam Parimalam

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Millions of workers are occupationally exposed to dyes in the world, but little is known about their knowledge and attitudes toward the effects of dye on their health. Objectives: The aim of this study was to assess the fabric dyers′ and fabric printers′ knowledge, attitude, and practice toward the health hazard of dyes. Materials and Methods: The present study was taken up in the Madurai district which is situated in the Southern Tamil Nadu, India. One hundred and forty-two workers employed in small-scale dyeing and printing units participated in a face-to-face confidential interview . Results: The mean age of fabric dyers and fabric printers was 42 years (΁10.7. When enquired about whether dyes affect body organ(s, all the workers agreed that dye(s will affect skin, but they were not aware that dyes could affect other parts of the body. All the workers believed that safe methods of handling of dyes and disposal of contaminated packaging used for dyes need to be considered. It was found that 34% of the workers were using personal protective equipment (PPE such as rubber hand gloves during work. Conclusion: The workers had knowledge regarding the occupational hazards, and their attitudinal approach toward the betterment of the work environment is positive.

  20. Character and Effective Leadership of the Knowledge Worker

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Khoury, Anne E. [Univ. of New Mexico, Albuquerque, NM (United States)

    2005-04-20

    Ulrich in the forward to the Zenger and Folkman (2002) book, ''The Extraordinary Leader'', wrote about the importance of character in leadership stating, ''Everything about great leaders radiates from character. Character improves the probability of exhibiting strong interpersonal skill. Some of this perceived character is innate . . . but more is driven by the leader's self-awareness and interactions with others'' (p. ix). The purpose of this study was to explore the relationship between leadership effectiveness and character using leader-managers of knowledge workers as the subject sample. Findings indicated that character, particularly those factors associated with honesty, setting the example, and valuing and strengthening others, were what set the most effective leader-managers apart from their peers. Technical competence and self-efficacy were found to be common characteristics of the study sample as was a drive for results. Who a leader-manager is, his/her substance, was found in this study to differentiate the ''best'' leader-managers at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory. By their character, leader-managers establish the environment in which knowledge workers contribute and grow. As found by Pfeiffer (2000), Leaders of companies that experience smaller gaps between what they know and what they do (to turn knowledge into action), understand that their most important task is not necessarily to make strategic decisions, or, for that matter any decisions at all. Their task is to help build systems of practice that produce a more reliable transformation of knowledge into action. Leaders create environments, reinforce norms, and help set expectations through what they do. (p. 261) In other words, as confirmed by this research study, their task is to model the way. Study results also confirmed Ulrich's (1996) supposition that to create the ''air'' in which employees

  1. Shareholders Should Welcome Knowledge Workers as Directors

    OpenAIRE

    Margit Osterloh; Frey, Bruno S.

    2006-01-01

    "The most influential approach of corporate governance, the view of shareholders supremacyndoes not take into consideration that the key task of modern corporations is to generate andntransfer firm-specific knowledge. It proposes that, in order to overcome the widespreadncorporate scandals, the interests of top management and directors should be increasinglynaligned to shareholder interests by making the board more responsible to shareholders, andnmonitoring of top management by independent o...

  2. Smallpox Vaccination of Laboratory Workers at US Variola Testing Sites.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Medcalf, Sharon; Bilek, Laura; Hartman, Teresa; Iwen, Peter C; Leuschen, Patricia; Miller, Hannah; O'Keefe, Anne; Sayles, Harlan; Smith, Philip W

    2015-08-01

    To evaluate the need to revaccinate laboratory workers against smallpox, we assessed regular revaccination at the US Laboratory Response Network's variola testing sites by examining barriers to revaccination and the potential for persistence of immunity. Our data do not provide evidence to suggest prolonging the recommended interval for revaccination.

  3. Learning strategies of workers in the knowledge creating company

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Poell, R.F.; van der Krogt, F.J.

    2003-01-01

    This study presents a critical examination of Nonaka and Takeuchi's theory about knowledge-creating companies (1995), taken as one example of contemporary management theories concerning innovation and learning. Two main questions are investigated. First, how is the learning of workers organized in t

  4. Unobtrusively Measuring Stress and Workload of Knowledge Workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koldijk, S.J.; Neerincx, M.A.; Kraaij, W.

    2012-01-01

    Imagine a typical working day of a knowledge worker, i.e. someone who is predominantly concerned with interpreting and generating information. Bob gets into the office at 9, starts up his computer, takes a look at his mails and calendar and plans what things he has to do this day. Then he starts wor

  5. 77 FR 4368 - Abbott Laboratories, Diagnostics Division, Including On-Site Leased Workers From Manpower...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-01-27

    ... Employment and Training Administration Abbott Laboratories, Diagnostics Division, Including On-Site Leased... for Worker Adjustment Assistance on February 24, 2011, applicable to workers of Abbott Laboratories... location of Abbott Laboratories, Diagnostics Division. The Department has determined that these...

  6. The workers role in knowledge management and sustainability policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolis, Ivan; Brunoro, Claudio; Sznelwar, Laerte Idal

    2012-01-01

    Based on the concepts of sustainability and knowledge management, this article seeks to identify points of contact between the two themes through an exploratory study of existing literature. The first objective is to find, in international literature, the largest number of papers jointly related to the theme of knowledge management and sustainability. In these documents, the authors looked at the kind of relationship existing between the two themes and what the benefits introduced in organizations are. Based on an ergonomic point of view, the second objective of this article is to analyze the role of the worker (whether at the strategic or operational level) and his importance in this context. The results demonstrate that there is very little literature that addresses the two themes together. The few papers found, however, can be said to show the many advantages of introducing sustainability policies supported by adequate knowledge management. Very little has been studied with regards to the role of workers, which could be interpreted as meaning that little importance is given to the proactive role they may play. On the other hand, there is a high potential for future research in these areas, based on the high level of consideration of workers in knowledge management and sustainability literature, as well as in literature in the areas of ergonomics and sociology. PMID:22317131

  7. The workers role in knowledge management and sustainability policies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bolis, Ivan; Brunoro, Claudio; Sznelwar, Laerte Idal

    2012-01-01

    Based on the concepts of sustainability and knowledge management, this article seeks to identify points of contact between the two themes through an exploratory study of existing literature. The first objective is to find, in international literature, the largest number of papers jointly related to the theme of knowledge management and sustainability. In these documents, the authors looked at the kind of relationship existing between the two themes and what the benefits introduced in organizations are. Based on an ergonomic point of view, the second objective of this article is to analyze the role of the worker (whether at the strategic or operational level) and his importance in this context. The results demonstrate that there is very little literature that addresses the two themes together. The few papers found, however, can be said to show the many advantages of introducing sustainability policies supported by adequate knowledge management. Very little has been studied with regards to the role of workers, which could be interpreted as meaning that little importance is given to the proactive role they may play. On the other hand, there is a high potential for future research in these areas, based on the high level of consideration of workers in knowledge management and sustainability literature, as well as in literature in the areas of ergonomics and sociology.

  8. Ugandan Community Knowledge Worker: using technology in the field

    OpenAIRE

    Helgeson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    A Community Knowledge Worker (CKW) from the Kapchorwa region tests the pilot for the Muth Helgeson Survey Tool (MHST) in the Grameen Foundation AppLab in Kampala, Uganda. Over 130 CKWs were equipped with smart phones with the MHST application, which also incorporated small behavioural economics games (with dice and coins). These CKWs physically visited over 5000 Ugandan farms, measuring farmers’ behaviours and attitudes regarding risk. The MHST is the largest study of Ugandan farms since...

  9. Female Ugandan community knowledge workers: using technology in the field

    OpenAIRE

    Helgeson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    Female Community Knowledge Workers (CKWs) test the pilot for the Muth Helgeson Survey Tool (MHST) in the Kapchorwa, Uganda region. Over 130 CKWs were equipped with smart phones with the MHST application, which also incorporated small behavioural economics games using dice and coins. These CKWs physically visited over 5000 Ugandan farms, measuring farmers behaviours and attitudes regarding risk. The MHST is the largest study of Ugandan farms since 1991 and the first to use this methodology ...

  10. Knowledge, attitude and practice of healthcare workers concerning Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever in Western Iran

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mojtaba Salimi; Abbas Aghaei Afshar; Mojtaba Limoee; Soraya Babakhani; Omid Chatrabgoun; Ahmad Ali Hanafi-Bojd; Gidiglo Godwin Nutifafa

    2016-01-01

    Objective: To determine the knowledge, attitude and practice of healthcare workers in Kermanshah Province about Crimean-Congo hemorrhagic fever (CCHF). Methods: This study was conducted in 2014 on healthcare personnel in different job categories including physicians, nurses, midwives, laboratory staff and network health staff of Kermanshah Province by direct interview. Results: A total of 367 respondents who had more than 5 years of experience in their jobs were interviewed. Among them 91%of physicians and nurses, 97%of midwives and health workers and 96%of laboratory staff stated that they had not been confronted with CCHF patients so far. Regarding knowledge, 76%of physicians, 78%of nurses, 77%of midwives and 58%of laboratory staff believed that the disease is remediable. Most of the interviewed participants stated that the disease pertains to people who are in close contact with domestic animals, but they did not consider their own occupations as one of the risk factors. More than 70% of the respondents believed that the disease may exist in the province or their work field. Generally, the knowledge about CCHF was inadequate, with nurses having the lowest level of knowledge. Conclusions: Knowledge of Kermanshah healthcare staff about CCHF was poor, especially nurses in a high risk job category. Therefore, it is necessary to conduct specific training programs for the disease identification, transmission, prevention, and treatment as well as the use of personal protection and safety devices.

  11. Motivation and job satisfaction : does Herzberg's "two-factor" theory apply to knowledge workers of today?

    OpenAIRE

    Filtvedt, Rakel Elisabeth

    2016-01-01

    This master thesis highlights the importance of a knowledge manager being fully aware of the drive and desires of their employees, and in this case, Knowledge Workers. Previous research has shed light upon the fact that knowledge management, as well as motivation of knowledge workers is a field in need of more extensive research. As knowledge workers are a growing workforce in todays’ society, the focus on this group will be increasingly important in managing successful businesses. The thesis...

  12. Awareness and Knowledge of Ergonomics Among Medical Laboratory Scientists in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Oladeinde, BH; Ekejindu, IM; Omoregie, R; Aguh, OD

    2015-01-01

    Background: Ergonomics awareness helps in its right application and contributes significantly to general wellbeing and safety of worker at workplace. Aim: This cross-sectional descriptive study aimed at assessing the level of awareness and knowledge of the science of ergonomics among Medical Laboratory Scientists in Benin City, Nigeria. Subjects and Methods: A total of 106 medical laboratory scientists comprising 64 and 42 in public and private laboratories, respectively, were recruited for t...

  13. THE MANAGEMENT OF KNOWLEDGE WORKERS – KEY FACTOR OF SUCCES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia-Elena ŢUCLEA

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available The traditional companies are built on familiar bedrock of buildings, plants, and inventories. Competitive advantage is viewed in terms of scale and volume stemming from high-capacity use of machine-based factories. Such an approach fails to recognize how the leverage of knowledge is becoming a key to long-term success. Nowadays, organizations must recognize that power resides in the minds of their best people, who are diffused throughout the business and the organizations are becoming more dependent on people than ever before. The recruitment and the employment of knowledge workers are becoming very important issues from Romanian managers. The competitiveness is the only chance to deal with a very challenging market, especially after European integration. In this paper we present the results of a survey of the opinions of Romanian managers about the most effective strategies for recruitment, motivation and retention the knowledge workers. The study investigated two groups of managers: the first group included the managers who never were involved in activities related to human resources, and the second, the managers who have been involved. The managers from the first group chose theoretical the strategies they considered most effective; the managers for the second group indicated the strategies they applied.

  14. The Value of Knowledge and the Values of the New Knowledge Worker: Generation X in the New Economy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogdanowicz, Maureen S.; Bailey, Elaine K.

    2002-01-01

    Knowledge is increasingly a corporate asset, but it poses a challenges human resource development, especially with workers such as those in Generation X who are concerned with their employability. Companies that value knowledge must value knowledge workers. (Contains 31 references.) (SK)

  15. Breastfeeding knowledge among health workers in rural South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shah, Sonal; Rollins, Nigel C; Bland, Ruth

    2005-02-01

    The aim of the study was to conduct a rapid assessment of breastfeeding knowledge amongst health workers in an area of high HIV prevalence. A cross-sectional survey using semi-structured questionnaires and problem-based scenarios was carried out. Responses were compared to those recommended in the World Health Organization (WHO) Breastfeeding Counselling Course. The setting was a rural area of KwaZulu Natal, with a population of 220 000 people. At the time of the study approximately 36 per cent of pregnant women were HIV-infected and no programme to prevent mother-to-child transmission was in place. A convenient sample of 71 healthcare workers (14 doctors, 25 professional nurses, 16 staff nurses, and 16 community health workers) were included in the study. Over 50% of respondents had given breastfeeding advice to clients over the previous month. However, there were significant discrepancies in breastfeeding knowledge compared to WHO recommendations. Ninety-three per cent (n = 13) of doctors knew that breastfeeding should be initiated within 30 min of delivery, but 71 per cent (n = 10) would recommend water, and 50 per cent (n = 7) solids to breastfed infants under 6 months of age. Fifty-seven per cent (n = 8) considered glucose water necessary for neonatal jaundice, constipation, and for infants immediately after delivery. Only 44 per cent (n = 7) of staff nurses and 56 per cent (n = 14) of professional nurses knew that breastfeeding should be on demand. The majority would recommend water, formula milk, and solids to breastfed infants under 6 months of age, and glucose water for neonatal jaundice and immediately after delivery. Knowledge of community health workers differed most from WHO recommendations: only 37 per cent (n = 6) knew that breastfeeding should be initiated within 30 min of delivery, 68 per cent (n = 11) thought breastfeeding should be on schedule and not on demand, and the majority would recommend supplements to infants under 6 months of age. Few

  16. Energy conservation attitudes, knowledge, and behaviors in science laboratories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Energy use per square foot from science research labs is disproportionately higher than that of other rooms in buildings on campuses across the nation. This is partly due to labs’ use of energy intensive equipment. However, laboratory management and personnel behavior may be significant contributing factors to energy consumption. Despite an apparent increasing need for energy conservation in science labs, a systematic investigation of avenues promoting energy conservation behavior in such labs appears absent in scholarly literature. This paper reports the findings of a recent study into the energy conservation knowledge, attitude and behavior of principle investigators, laboratory managers, and student lab workers at a tier 1 research university. The study investigates potential barriers as well as promising avenues to reducing energy consumption in science laboratories. The findings revealed: (1) an apparent lack of information about options for energy conservation in science labs, (2) existing operational barriers, (3) economic issues as barriers/motivators of energy conservation and (4) a widespread notion that cutting edge science may be compromised by energy conservation initiatives. - Highlights: ► Effective energy conservation and efficiency depend on social systems and human behaviors. ► Science laboratories use more energy per square foot than any other academic and research spaces. ► Time, money, quality control, and convenience overshadow personnel’s desire to save energy. ► Ignorance of conservation practices is a barrier to energy conservation in labs.

  17. Brain Cancer in Workers Employed at a Laboratory Research Facility.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    James J Collins

    Full Text Available An earlier study of research facility workers found more brain cancer deaths than expected, but no workplace exposures were implicated.Adding four additional years of vital-status follow-up, we reassessed the risk of death from brain cancer in the same workforce, including 5,284 workers employed between 1963, when the facility opened, and 2007. We compared the work histories of the brain cancer decedents in relationship to when they died and their ages at death.As in most other studies of laboratory and research workers, we found low rates of total mortality, total cancers, accidents, suicides, and chronic conditions such as heart disease and diabetes. We found no new brain cancer deaths in the four years of additional follow-up. Our best estimate of the brain cancer standardized mortality ratio (SMR was 1.32 (95% confidence interval [95% CI] 0.66-2.37, but the SMR might have been as high as 1.69. Deaths from benign brain tumors and other non-malignant diseases of the nervous system were at or below expected levels.With the addition of four more years of follow-up and in the absence of any new brain cancers, the updated estimate of the risk of brain cancer death is smaller than in the original study. There was no consistent pattern among the work histories of decedents that indicated a common causative exposure.

  18. Cancer incidence among workers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An analysis of cancer incidence among Los Alamos workers was reported at the Sixteenth Mid-Year Topical Symposium of the Health Physics Society. Cancer incidence was especially low among Anglo-American males for cancer of the lung and oral cancer, cancer sites commonly associated with cigarette smoking. No cases of cancer of the lung, oral cavity, pancreas, or bladder were observed among Anglo-American females in the population. Standardized incidence ratios for cancer of the breast and cancer of the uterine corpus exceeded one; however, these findings were not statistically significant. These findings are consistent with expectation for a population of high socioeconomic class, such as the Laboratory work force. Therefore, working conditions at the Laboratory do not appear to have affected cancer incidence in this population. 1 reference, 2 tables

  19. Genotoxic damage in pathology anatomy laboratory workers exposed to formaldehyde

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Formaldehyde (FA) is a chemical traditionally used in pathology and anatomy laboratories as a tissue preservative. Several epidemiological studies of occupational exposure to FA have indicated an increased risk of nasopharyngeal cancers in industrial workers, embalmers and pathology anatomists. There is also a clear evidence of nasal squamous cell carcinomas from inhalation studies in the rat. The postulated mode of action for nasal tumours in rats was considered biologically plausible and considered likely to be relevant to humans. Based on the available data IARC, the International Agency for Research on Cancer, has recently classified FA as a human carcinogen. Although the in vitro genotoxic as well as the in vivo carcinogenic potentials of FA are well documented in mammalian cells and in rodents, evidence for genotoxic effects and carcinogenic properties in humans is insufficient and conflicting thus remains to be more documented. To evaluate the genetic effects of long-term occupational exposure to FA a group of 30 Pathological Anatomy laboratory workers was tested for a variety of biological endpoints, cytogenetic tests (micronuclei, MN; sister chromatid exchange, SCE) and comet assay. The level of exposure to FA was evaluated near the breathing zone of workers, time weighted average of exposure was calculated for each subject. The association between the biomarkers and polymorphic genes of xenobiotic metabolising and DNA repair enzymes was also assessed. The mean level of exposure was 0.44 ± 0.08 ppm (0.04-1.58 ppm). MN frequency was significantly higher (p = 0.003) in the exposed subjects (5.47 ± 0.76) when compared with controls (3.27 ± 0.69). SCE mean value was significantly higher (p < 0.05) among the exposed group (6.13 ± 0.29) compared with control group (4.49 ± 0.16). Comet assay data showed a significant increase (p < 0.05) of TL in FA-exposed workers (60.00 ± 2.31) with respect to the control group (41.85 ± 1.97). A positive correlation was

  20. Mortality among workers at the Oak Ridge National Laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    A retrospective cohort mortality study was conducted among employees of the Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Since 1943, this facility has been the site of energy-related research, including uranium and plutonium recovery and radioisotope production. Historical follow-up conducted for the years 1943 to 1977 for 8681 white males who had been employed for at least one month during the period 1943 to 1972. Vital status was ascertained for 90 percent of the cohort. Standardized Mortality Ratios (SMRs) were computed to contrast the workers' mortality experience with that of the US white male population. The observed number of 1017 deaths from all causes was 74 percent of that expected, a finding indicative of the healthy worker effect and the relatively high socioeconomic status of the cohort. The SMR for all cancers was 0.75 (195 observed vs. 261.3 expected). Mortality deficits were seen for non-malignant diseases of all major organ groups and for all site-specific malignancies except prostate cancer (SMR = 1.13), leukemia (SMR = 1.16) and Hodgkin's disease (SMR = 1.28). None of the elevations was statistically significant. There were no consistent trends of cause-specific mortality with either external or internal radiation exposure levels

  1. Contributing Knowledge and Knowledge Workers: The Role of Chinese Universities in the Knowledge Economy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chen, Shuang-Ye

    2012-01-01

    As China has appeared only recently as an important knowledge producer with growing global economic significance, little is known internationally about how these processes develop and are managed within China. The rapidly expanding Chinese higher education system is playing an increasingly important role in China's knowledge economy and therefore…

  2. The Relationship between Transformational Leadership and Knowledge Workers' Self-Directed Learning Readiness

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aparicio, Ricardo Antonio

    2013-01-01

    The rapid pace of change for knowledge workers competing globally necessitates ongoing continuous learning. Increasingly, knowledge workers will need to be ready--willing and able--to engage in self-directed learning. This makes it important to understand what factors in the work environment might be related to the self-directed learning…

  3. The linkage between car-related fringe benefits and the travel behavior of knowledge workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendit, Eduard; Frenkel, Amnon; Kaplan, Sigal

    2011-01-01

    This study focuses on the linkage between car-related fringe benefits and the travel behavior of knowledge workers in commute and leisure trips. Specifically, this study compares the commuting and leisure travel behavior of knowledge workers who receive either a company-car or car allowance with ...

  4. The Relationship between Workplace Climate, Motivation and Learning Approaches for Knowledge Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vanthournout, Gert; Noyens, Dorien; Gijbels, David; Van den Bossche, Piet

    2014-01-01

    Workplace learning is becoming a central tenet for a large proportion of today's employees. This seems especially true for so-called knowledge workers. Today, it remains unclear how differences in the quality of workplace learning are affected by differences in perception of the workplace environment and the motivation of knowledge workers to…

  5. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDES AND PRACTICE OF LABORATORY TECHNICIANS REGARDING UNIVERSAL WORK PRECAUTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jitendra Zaveri

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Objective of the present study is to determine the knowledge, attitude, and practice of universal work precautions amongst medical laboratory technicians in private hospitals. Methodology: Cross-sectional study of health care workers was conducted using a pretested self-administered questionnaire, which enquired about knowledge, attitude and practices of universal work precautions. The hepatitis B vaccination statuses were also asked. Results: 200 questionnaires were administered to laboratory technicians and 154 of them were returned giving a response rate of 77%. All the participants wear gloves during laboratory work but 81.2% wear a single pair. 17.5 % of the participants claimed to know what to do if exposed to infection. 45.6% of the participants eat in the laboratory, 47.0% of them store foods and water in the refrigerators, 31.5% of them put on cosmetics in the laboratory, 12.6% smoke in the laboratory, 10.0% cut their finger nails with teeth in the laboratory. 91.5% are not immunized against hepatitis B virus (HBV. 99.0% of them do not take shower immediately after laboratory work. 82.0% of the participants do not feel that the use of masks is necessary in laboratory. Conclusion: It is concluded that the knowledge, attitude, perception, and compliance with universal work precautions amongst laboratory technicians are poor. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(1.000: 113-115

  6. The knowledge, attitudes and behaviors on immunization of healthcare workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Zehra Karacaer

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Background: The objective of this study was to identify the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors of healthcare workers (HCWs working in our center about Hepatitis B Virus (HBV, seasonal flu (SF and measles-mumps-rubella (MMR vaccinations and reasons not to be vaccinated. Methods: This study was a descriptive survey conducted among HCWs of our hospital between 1 to 31 May 2014. The data were collected by a face-to-face questionnaire form consisting of 41 questions. Collected data were analyzed via SPSS 22,0, p <0.05 was considered significant Results: 219 HCWs participated in the study. The study group included 113 men. A median age of 39 years (minmax: 24-66. The median service duration of HCWs was 17 years (min-max: 1-35. Education levels of personnels were primary (primary -secondary-high school, colleges-university, master's degree-PhD ( respectively 45, 136, 38 people. The median score of correct information, the right attitude and the correct behavior were 7 (min-max: 1-10, 35 (min-max: 27-47, 5 (min-max: 0- 9, respectively. People who never got vaccinated against SF and who got vaccinated every year were calculated 46.6% and 20.1%. H1N1, HBV and measles vaccination rate were 46.6%, 82.6% and 18.3%, respectively. Not believing vaccine's protectiveness for SF (34,9%, concerned about safety for H1N1(44,4%, neglected for HBV (36,8%, got sick before for measles (36,3% were the factors most influential in refusal to get vaccinated. Conclusions: It is important that correct and sufficient information is accessed on issues such as effectiveness, side effects of vaccines in order to increase the rate of vaccination of HCWs [TAF Prev Med Bull 2015; 14(5.000: 353-363

  7. [Knowledge management system for laboratory work and clinical decision support].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inada, Masanori; Sato, Mayumi; Yoneyama, Akiko

    2011-05-01

    This paper discusses a knowledge management system for clinical laboratories. In the clinical laboratory of Toranomon Hospital, we receive about 20 questions relevant to laboratory tests per day from medical doctors or co-medical staff. These questions mostly involve the essence to appropriately accomplish laboratory tests. We have to answer them carefully and suitably because an incorrect answer may cause a medical accident. Up to now, no method has been in place to achieve a rapid response and standardized answers. For this reason, the laboratory staff have responded to various questions based on their individual knowledge. We began to develop a knowledge management system to promote the knowledge of staff working for the laboratory. This system is a type of knowledge base for assisting the work, such as inquiry management, laboratory consultation, process management, and clinical support. It consists of several functions: guiding laboratory test information, managing inquiries from medical staff, reporting results of patient consultation, distributing laboratory staffs notes, and recording guidelines for laboratory medicine. The laboratory test information guide has 2,000 records of medical test information registered in the database with flexible retrieval. The inquiry management tool provides a methos to record all questions, answer easily, and retrieve cases. It helps staff to respond appropriately in a short period of time. The consulting report system treats patients' claims regarding medical tests. The laboratory staffs notes enter a file management system so they can be accessed to aid in clinical support. Knowledge sharing using this function can achieve the transition from individual to organizational learning. Storing guidelines for laboratory medicine will support EBM. Finally, it is expected that this system will support intellectual activity concerning laboratory work and contribute to the practice of knowledge management for clinical work support

  8. [Knowledge management system for laboratory work and clinical decision support].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Inada, Masanori; Sato, Mayumi; Yoneyama, Akiko

    2011-05-01

    This paper discusses a knowledge management system for clinical laboratories. In the clinical laboratory of Toranomon Hospital, we receive about 20 questions relevant to laboratory tests per day from medical doctors or co-medical staff. These questions mostly involve the essence to appropriately accomplish laboratory tests. We have to answer them carefully and suitably because an incorrect answer may cause a medical accident. Up to now, no method has been in place to achieve a rapid response and standardized answers. For this reason, the laboratory staff have responded to various questions based on their individual knowledge. We began to develop a knowledge management system to promote the knowledge of staff working for the laboratory. This system is a type of knowledge base for assisting the work, such as inquiry management, laboratory consultation, process management, and clinical support. It consists of several functions: guiding laboratory test information, managing inquiries from medical staff, reporting results of patient consultation, distributing laboratory staffs notes, and recording guidelines for laboratory medicine. The laboratory test information guide has 2,000 records of medical test information registered in the database with flexible retrieval. The inquiry management tool provides a methos to record all questions, answer easily, and retrieve cases. It helps staff to respond appropriately in a short period of time. The consulting report system treats patients' claims regarding medical tests. The laboratory staffs notes enter a file management system so they can be accessed to aid in clinical support. Knowledge sharing using this function can achieve the transition from individual to organizational learning. Storing guidelines for laboratory medicine will support EBM. Finally, it is expected that this system will support intellectual activity concerning laboratory work and contribute to the practice of knowledge management for clinical work support.

  9. Primary Hydatid Cyst of the Kidney and Ureter with Hydatiduria in a Laboratory Worker: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Venkatesh Seetharam

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Hydatid disease is frequent in endemic regions and sheep farming areas. Most common localization of hydatid cyst occurs in liver followed by lungs. Renal hydatid cyst constitutes about 2–4% of all locations. We report a case of left renal hydatid from a laboratory technician admitted in a tertiary care hospital. There were few cases of renal hydatid disease reported in India among general population but to the best of our knowledge never reported from laboratory worker. The possibility of laboratory-acquired infection cannot be ruled out in this case due to lack of precautionary measures and containment facilities in resource-constrained setting.

  10. The linkage between the lifestyle of knowledge workers and their intra-metropolitan residential choice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendit, Eduard; Frenkel, Amnon; Kaplan, Sigal

    encompassing life-cycle stage, work-role and leisure activities, subject to economic and spatial constraints. The importance of this issue derives from the role of housing as key enabler for attracting and retaining knowledge-workers, and from evidence regarding the role of knowledge workers in promoting...... the contradictory trends of urban sprawl and inner city revitalization. The analysis consists of two stages. First, distinguishable clusters of knowledge-workers according to their lifestyle are identified by means of self-organizing maps (SOM) for pattern recognition and classification of multi-dimensional data...

  11. Knowledge and opinions of emergency contraceptive pills among female factory workers in Tijuana, Mexico.

    Science.gov (United States)

    García, Sandra G; Becker, Davida; de Castro, Marcela Martínez; Paz, Francisco; Olavarrieta, Claudia Díaz; Acevedo-García, Dolores

    2008-09-01

    Workers in Mexico's maquiladoras (assembly plants) are mainly young, single women, many of whom could benefit from emergency contraceptive pills (ECPs). Because ECPs are readily available in Mexico, women who know about the therapy can obtain it easily. Do maquiladora workers know about the method? Could worksite programs help increase awareness? To investigate these questions, we conducted a five-month intervention during which workers in three maquiladoras along the Mexico-United States border could attend educational talks on ECPs, receive pamphlets, and obtain kits containing EC supplies. Among the workers exposed to our intervention, knowledge of ECPs increased. Reported ECP use also increased. Although our intervention apparently increased workers' knowledge and use, the factory proved to be a difficult intervention setting. Problems we experienced included a factory closure and management/staff opposition to certain project elements. Future studies should continue to investigate work-site interventions and other strategies to reach workers. PMID:18853641

  12. An exploratory study on the management of business records by knowledge workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeline du Toit

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The purpose of this exploratory study was to determine how knowledge workers could align the creation and management of business records with organisational records management needs. Problem investigated: Knowledge workers are employed by more than one organisation at the same time. This creates problems in managing and preserving the business records created and received by knowledge workers. This article investigates how organisations should manage and preserve their business records that are created and received by knowledge workers who are employed by more than one organisation. Methodology: The importance of the management of business records in the knowledge economy was discussed and in the empirical survey data was collected through a questionnaire survey of 122 knowledge workers at an investment management company. Findings: The results of the empirical survey revealed that the majority of respondents always save business records that they create on their own personal filing systems and that they are familiar with the concept of records management. The findings provided support for the hypothesis that knowledge workers take control of managing the business records of various organisations, as their careers consist of a series of projects or assignments, irrespective of the organisation employing them. Value of research: The active role that knowledge workers can play in the management of strategic business records, underlines its key position as an information management function in organisations. Further research is needed to clarify the importance of records management in the knowledge economy. Conclusion: Knowledge workers take control of managing the business records of various organisations, as their careers consist of a series of projects or assignments while working at different organisations.

  13. Knowledge Level and Attitude of Health Care Workers About HIV/AIDS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ayse Ižnci

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Aim: In this study,it was aimed to investigate the level of knowledge and attitudes of healty care workers about HIV/AIDS. Material and Method: Data on knowledge and attitude of health care workers about HIV/AIDS was collected with a questionnaire. Results:This research was carried out on 230 health care workers (36 doctors, 194 nurses to investigate their knowledge and attidudes on HIV/AIDS. All of the participants knew that HIV/AIDS is an infectious disease,while 90.4 % of the participants stated that HIV/AIDS can be transmitted sexually.76.5 % of the participants stated they found their work risky for HIV/AIDS. Discussion:These findings have provided a data for educational programs designed for healty care workers. We belive that education programs for healty care workers will be effecive to control HIV/AIDS.

  14. Knowledge Cities and Transport Sustainability: The Link between the Travel Behavior of Knowledge Workers and Car-Related Job Perks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frenkel, Amnon; Bendit, Edward; Kaplan, Sigal

    2014-01-01

    This study analyzes the linkage between the travel behavior of knowledge workers and car-related job perks. The importance of this issue derives from the tendency of knowledge economy to concentrate in highly populated metropolitan regions. The analyzed data comprise 750 observations, retrieved...

  15. Education and Knowledge Production in Workers' Struggles: Learning to Resist, Learning from Resistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    Choudry, Aziz; Bleakney, David

    2013-01-01

    Trade unions and other sites of community-labour organizing such as workers centres are rich, yet contested spaces of education and knowledge production in which both non-formal and informal / incidental forms of learning occur. Putting forward a critique of dominant strands of worker education, the authors ask what spaces exist for social…

  16. Knowledge, attitude and practices of Egyptian industrial and tourist workers towards HIV/AIDS.

    Science.gov (United States)

    El-Sayyed, N; Kabbash, I A; El-Gueniedy, M

    2008-01-01

    This study explored knowledge, attitudes and practices towards HIV/AIDS infection among 1256 Egyptian industrial and tourism workers aged 16-40 years. Compared with industrial workers, tourism workers had a significantly better perception of the magnitude of the HIV/AIDS problem worldwide as well as in Egypt and of the likelihood of the problem worsening. Knowledge of tourism workers was also significantly better about causative agent of AIDS and methods of transmission. Both groups had negative attitudes towards patients living with HIV/AIDS concerning their right to confidentiality and to work. Both groups had a positive attitude towards behaviour change for protection from HIV/AIDS, principally via avoidance of extramarital sexual relations and adherence to religious beliefs. Use of condoms as a way to avoid HIV/AIDS was reported by only 0.4% of workers. PMID:19161085

  17. Organisational design elements and competencies for optimising the expertise of knowledge workers in a shared services centre

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Ramsey

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Orientation: Organisations are still structured according to the Industrial Age control model that restricts optimising the expertise of knowledge workers.Research purpose: The general aim of the research was to explore the organisation design elements and competencies that contribute to optimising the expertise of knowledge workers in a shared services centre.Motivation for the study: Current organisational design methodologies do not emphasise optimising the expertise of knowledge workers. This research addresses the challenge of how an organisation design can improve the creation and availability of the expertise of knowledge workers.Research design/approach method: The researcher followed a qualitative case study research design and collected data in six focus group sessions (N = 25.Main findings: The findings showed that the shared services centre (SSC is not designed to enable its structure, culture and codifying system to optimise the expertise of knowledge workers. In addition, the SSC does not share the knowledge generated with other knowledge workers. Furthermore, it does not use the output of the knowledge workers to improve business processes.Practical/managerial implications: The expertise of knowledge workers is the basis of competitive advantage. Therefore, managers should create an organisational design that is conducive to optimising knowledge work expertise.Contribution/value add: This research highlights the important organisational design elements and supportive organisational structures for optimising the expertise of knowledge workers. The research also proposes a framework for optimising the expertise of knowledge workers and helping an organisation to achieve sustainable competitive advantage.

  18. HIV/AIDS Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors of Construction Workers in China.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, Bo; Guo, Haiqiang; Sun, Gao; Zuo, Tianming; Zhang, Yang; Li, Brandon Y

    2008-09-01

    The objective of the study was to describe HIV/AIDS knowledge, attitudes, risk behaviors, and sources of information among construction workers in China. A cross-sectional survey of 458 construction workers was conducted among 4 construction sites in Shenyang city in 2006. All 458 participants were individually interviewed in a private setting by a trained team of medical researchers using a structured questionnaire, which included questions on general personal information and the knowledge, attitudes, practice questions and the favorable mode of health education. A total of 428 valid questionnaires were collected. Data entry and statistical analyses were performed using the SPSS 13.0. Our results indicated that the majority of construction workers in China are sexually active youths and adults with limited education and poor knowledge of HIV/AIDS. The proportions of correct answers to questions about HIV/AIDS ranged from 4.9% to 70.7%. The score was significantly different by education level (χ(2)=47.51, pconstruction workers had a negative attitude toward HIV/AIDS-infected individuals. The source of workers' knowledge toward HIV/AIDS mainly came from TV (35.8%), newspaper (14.3%), family and friend (13.1%) and others (28.2%). Chinese migrant workers in general lack knowledge about HIV/AIDS. Our study suggests prevention programs should be encouraged and these may have the potential role to limit the emergence of China's HIV/AIDS epidemic.

  19. Knowledge and communication needs assessment of community health workers in a developing country: a qualitative study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hafeez Assad

    2009-07-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Primary health care is a set of health services that can meet the needs of the developing world. Community health workers act as a bridge between health system and community in providing this care. Appropriate knowledge and communication skills of the workers are key to their confidence and elementary for the success of the system. We conducted this study to document the perceptions of these workers on their knowledge and communication needs, image building through mass media and mechanisms for continued education. Methods Focus group discussions were held with health workers and their supervisors belonging to all the four provinces of the country and the Azad Jammu & Kashmir region. Self-response questionnaires were also used to obtain information on questions regarding their continued education. Results About four fifths of the respondents described their communication skills as moderately sufficient and wanted improvement. Knowledge on emerging health issues was insufficient and the respondents showed willingness to participate in their continued education. Media campaigns were successful in building the image of health workers as a credible source of health information. Conclusion A continued process should be ensured to provide opportunities to health workers to update their knowledge, sharpen communication skills and bring credibility to their persona as health educators.

  20. Living Up to the Code's Exhortations? Social Workers' Political Knowledge Sources, Expectations, and Behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Felderhoff, Brandi Jean; Hoefer, Richard; Watson, Larry Dan

    2016-01-01

    The National Association of Social Workers' (NASW's) Code of Ethics urges social workers to engage in political action. However, little recent research has been conducted to examine whether social workers support this admonition and the extent to which they actually engage in politics. The authors gathered data from a survey of social workers in Austin, Texas, to address three questions. First, because keeping informed about government and political news is an important basis for action, the authors asked what sources of knowledge social workers use. Second, they asked what the respondents believe are appropriate political behaviors for other social workers and NASW. Third, they asked for self-reports regarding respondents' own political behaviors. Results indicate that social workers use the Internet and traditional media services to stay informed; expect other social workers and NASW to be active; and are, overall, more active than the general public in many types of political activities. The comparisons made between expectations for others and their own behaviors are interesting in their complex outcomes. Social workers should strive for higher levels of adherence to the code's urgings on political activity. Implications for future work are discussed. PMID:26897996

  1. Evaluation of Knowledge, Attitude and Behavior of Workers towards Occupational Health and Safety

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    H Sanaei Nasab

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground: Studies show that about 90% of accidents occur because of unsafe behavior and human errors. Even if workers do not have the right knowledge, attitude and behavior toward safety measures in a safe workplace, all efforts for an accident-free workplace will be in vain. This study aims to determine the level of knowledge, attitude and behavior of workers toward occupational health and safety."nMethods: This descriptive cross-sectional study was carried out on workers in Mahshahr Razy Petrochemical Complexm Ahwaz, Iran. A sample size of 210 was randomly selected. Data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire. Ques­tionnaire's validity was gained by content-validity and its reliability was validated by Kronbach's alpha. Data was analyzed using SPSS 13."nResults: Mean age of workers was 31.1 years. The mean of their knowledge, attitude and behavior was reported 26.02, 153.18 and 36, respectively. 52.9% of workers had low, 36.7% moderate and 10.5% high level of knowledge. In addition, 75.7% of the subjects had a positive attitude towards occupational health and safety; 30% of workers had low safety behavior and 70% had safe behavior. The mean of knowledge grade shows a significant relationship with education level. A same relationship was reported for the mean of attitudes and behavior with age."nConclusion: Managers should design and implement educational interventions to promote knowledge, attitude and safe behaviors of workers.

  2. Nutrition Training Improves Health Workers' Nutrition Knowledge and Competence to Manage Child Undernutrition: A Systematic Review.

    OpenAIRE

    Sunguya, Bruno F.; Poudel, Krishna C.; Mlunde, Linda B.; Urassa, David P; Yasuoka, Junko; Jimba, Masamine

    2013-01-01

    Background: Medical and nursing education lack adequate practical nutrition training to fit the clinical reality that health workers face in their practices. Such a deficit creates health workers with poor nutrition knowledge and child undernutrition management practices. In-service nutrition training can help to fill this gap. However, no systematic review has examined its collective effectiveness. We thus conducted this study to examine the effectiveness of in-service nutrition training on ...

  3. Neonatal jaundice and its management: knowledge, attitude and practice of community health workers in Nigeria

    OpenAIRE

    Daniel Olusoji J; Ogunfowora Olusoga B

    2006-01-01

    Abstract Background Neonatal jaundice (NNJ) is still a leading cause of preventable brain damage, physical and mental handicap, and early death among infants in many communities. Greater awareness is needed among all health workers. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of primary health care workers about the description, causes, effective treatment, and sequelae of NNJ. Methods The setting was a local government area i.e. an administrative district within the south-western...

  4. A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on knowledge and attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong Gregory; Kermode Michelle; Raja Shoba; Suja Sujatha; Chandra Prabha; Jorm Anthony F

    2011-01-01

    Abstract Background Unmet needs for mental health treatment in low income countries are pervasive. If mental health is to be effectively integrated into primary health care in low income countries like India then grass-roots workers need to acquire relevant knowledge and skills to be able to recognise, refer and support people experiencing mental disorders in their own communities. This study aims to provide a mental health training intervention to community health workers in Bangalore Rural ...

  5. A mental health training program for community health workers in India: impact on knowledge and attitudes

    OpenAIRE

    Armstrong, Gregory; Kermode, Michelle; RAJA, SHOBA; Suja, Sujatha; CHANDRA, PRABHA; Jorm, Anthony F

    2011-01-01

    Background Unmet needs for mental health treatment in low income countries are pervasive. If mental health is to be effectively integrated into primary health care in low income countries like India then grass-roots workers need to acquire relevant knowledge and skills to be able to recognise, refer and support people experiencing mental disorders in their own communities. This study aims to provide a mental health training intervention to community health workers in Bangalore Rural District,...

  6. Oral health knowledge of health care workers in special children’s center

    OpenAIRE

    Wyne, Amjad; Hammad, Nouf; Splieth, Christian

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To determine the oral health knowledge of health care workers in special children’s center. Methods: A self-administered questionnaire was used to collect following information: demographics, oral hygiene practices, importance of fluoride, dental visits, cause of tooth decay, gingival health, and sources of oral health information. The study was conducted at Riyadh Center for Special Children in Riyadh City from December 2013 to May 2014. Results: All 60 health care workers in the ...

  7. Knowledge spillovers – Mobility of highly educated workers within high technology sector in Finland

    OpenAIRE

    Mukkala, Kirsi

    2005-01-01

    The economic development and technological progress of a region are highly dependent on the accumulation and diffusion of knowledge. There are numerous channels through which knowledge might be transmitted. In this study, it is assumed that regional mobility of highly educated and innovative intensive workers between firms, organisations or institutions secures the diffusion and circulation of the knowledge. Hence, this analysis will concentrate on the regional job flows of individuals workin...

  8. Using a Training Video to Improve Agricultural Workers' Knowledge of On-Farm Food Safety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mathiasen, Lisa; Morley, Katija; Chapman, Benjamin; Powell, Douglas

    2012-01-01

    A training video was produced and evaluated to assess its impact on the food safety knowledge of agricultural workers. Increasing food safety knowledge on the farm may help to improve the safety of fresh produce. Surveys were used to measure workers' food safety knowledge before and after viewing the video. Focus groups were used to determine…

  9. Knowledge and Practice Assessment of Workers in a Pharmaceutical Company about Prevention of Coronary Artery Disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasser Labbafinejad

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Coronary artery disease is one of the most common reasons of death around the world. Also, according to previous studies, the incidence of coronary artery disease is rapidly increasing in developing countries such as Iran. The aim of this study was to evaluate the knowledge and practice of pharmaceutical company workers towards the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In this cross sectional study that was conducted in Tehran, 1223 workers of a pharmaceutical company were enrolled. Data was collected using a questionnaire that assessed the level of knowledge and practice of the participants towards coronary artery disease. Regression analysis was used to evaluate the relationship between study variables and the workers knowledge level. The results of this study showed that 49% of the workers were in a good level of knowledge and according to the regression analysis, the female gender, age above 28, education level higher than high school diploma, body mass index above 25 kilograms per square meters, history of hyperlipidemia, history of diabetes, history of hypertension, history of myocardial infarction, daily activity and exercise, were significantly related to a good knowledge towards coronary artery disease. In addition, the mean score of the participants' performance in preventing coronary artery disease was 4.66 out of 9. The results of this study showed that increasing level of knowledge of labors in order to prevent missing specialized work force, leads to imposition of health costs to the industry and the labor society.

  10. Passion at work: blogging practices of knowledge workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Efimova, LA

    2009-01-01

    While experiments with blogging are underway in many businesses, research that could inform them is limited. In this dissertation early adopters of weblogs are studied to provide an understanding of uses of weblogs in relation to work and insights relevant for introducing blogging in knowledge-inten

  11. Knowledge sharing among workers: a study on their contribution through informal communication in Cyberjaya, Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Norizzati Azudin

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Malaysia, being a multi-racial society, faces the challenges of creating knowledge sharing capability in organisations, as cultural values are often reflected in the workplace by individual employees. For organisations, it is not clear whether this diversity has resulted in any form of competitive advantage. Studies have shown that various communities in Malaysia do not bring their respective cultures to work, and as such the company values prevail. This research is based on the demographic study of Informal Knowledge Sharing in Cyberjaya, Selangor, Malaysia. After twelve years, Cyberjaya is approximately 25% developed, gradually expanding with the establishment of multinational and international organizations. Several flagship applications have been developed in MSC Malaysia to accelerate its growth. However, the expertise and knowledge shared among the workers are doubtful, especially at its initial growth stage. As Knowledge Management (KM developed, Communities of Practice (Wenger, 1998 became popular, even dominant „KM‟ intervention. Soon it was supplemented with story-telling interventions encouraging knowledge workers to use stories to „sell‟ KM internally, share knowledge and facilitate collaboration. This study will focus on knowledge sharing among workers, particularly the approach used to share knowledge through informal communication outside their organizations.

  12. Level and Determinants of Knowledge of Symptomatic Knee Osteoarthritis among Railway Workers in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kurubaran Ganasegeran

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Symptomatic knee osteoarthritis, an ancient malady greatly impairing modern population quality of life, has stimulated global attention to find effective modes of prevention and intervention. Purpose. This study aimed to assess factors affecting knowledge of symptomatic knee osteoarthritis (knee OA among Malaysian railway workers. Methods. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 513 railway workers involving eight major states within Peninsular Malaysia using population-based sampling. The assessment instrument was a face-validated, prepiloted, self-administered instrument with sociodemographics and knowledge items on knee OA. Results. Mean (±SD age of the respondents was 41.4 (±10.7, with the majority aged 50 years or older (34.9%. Of the total respondents, 53.6% had low levels of knowledge of knee OA disease. Multivariate analysis found that four demographic predictors, age ≥50 years, family history of knee OA, self-awareness, and clinical diagnosis of the disease entity, were significantly associated with knowledge scores. Conclusion. The finding of a low level knee OA knowledge among Malaysian railway workers points to an urgent need for massive information to be disseminated among the workers at risk to foster primary prevention and self-care.

  13. University research scientists as knowledge workers: contract status and employment opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Harney, Brian; Monks, Kathy; Alexopoulos, Angelos; Buckley, Finian; Hogan, Teresa

    2014-01-01

    University research scientists epitomise knowledge workers who are positioned to avail of the employment conditions associated with ‘boundaryless careers’. Yet while employment flexibility has been hailed as a positive feature of knowledge work, relatively little is known about the forms such flexibility may take or its impact. This article considers the factors shaping the employment conditions of 40 research scientists working in five university research centres in Ireland. The findings sug...

  14. An Exploration of the Relationship between Learning Organisations and the Retention of Knowledge Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lee-Kelley, Liz; Blackman, Deborah A.; Hurst, Jeffrey Peter

    2007-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this study is to demonstrate a relationship between learning organisation theory and the potential to retain knowledge workers. It emphasises that human resource (HR) managers must recognise specific relationships between learning organisation elements, job satisfaction facets and turnover intent as they emerge for their…

  15. Hybrid professional learning networks for knowledge workers: educational theory inspiring new practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bitter-Rijpkema, Marlies; Verjans, Steven

    2010-01-01

    Bitter-Rijpkema, M., & Verjans, S. (2010). Hybrid professional learning networks for knowledge workers: educational theory inspiring new practices. In L. Creanor, D. Hawkridge, K. Ng, & F. Rennie (Eds.), ALT-C 2010 - Conference Proceedings: "Into something rich and strange" - making sense of the sea

  16. Residential location choice of knowledge-workers: The role of amenities, workplace and lifestyle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frenkel, Amnon; Bendit, Edward; Kaplan, Sigal

    2013-01-01

    and cultural amenities in addition to classic location factors. Hence, the model bridges the gap between the recent lifestyle-oriented and the classical utility-oriented conceptualizations of the residential choice of knowledge-workers. The most important factors are municipal socioeconomic level, housing...

  17. Knowledge of Hepatitis B Virus Infection, Immunization with Hepatitis B Vaccine, Risk Perception, and Challenges to Control Hepatitis among Hospital Workers in a Nigerian Tertiary Hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olusegun Adekanle

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background. Studies had reported high rate of hepatitis B infection among hospital workers with low participation in vaccination programmes, especially those whose work exposes them to the risk of HBV infection. The study assessed knowledge of hepatitis B virus infection, risk perception, vaccination history, and challenges to control hepatitis among health workers. Methods. A descriptive cross-sectional study. Consenting health care workers completed a self-administered questionnaire that assessed respondents’ general knowledge of HBV, vaccination history and HBsAg status, risk perception, and challenges to control hepatitis. Data was analysed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results. Three hundred and eighty-two health care workers participated in the study. There were 182 males and 200 females. The respondents comprised 94 (25% medical doctors, 168 (44% nurses, 68 (18% medical laboratory technologists, and 52 (14% pharmacists. Over 33% had poor knowledge with 35% not immunized against HBV. Predictors of good knowledge include age less than 35 years, male sex, being a medical doctor, previous HBsAg test, and complete HBV immunisation. Identified challenges to control hepatitis include lack of hospital policy (91.6%, poor orientation of newly employed health workers (75.9%, and low risk perception (74.6%. Conclusion. Hospital policy issues and low risk perception of HBV transmission have grave implications for the control of HBV infection.

  18. ESTHER 1.3: integrating in-situ prompts to trigger self-reflection of physical activity in knowledge workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Jimenez Garcia, Juan; Romero, Natalia A.; Keyson, David; Havinga, Paul

    2013-01-01

    There are little initiatives supporting knowledge workers in implementing physical activity as part of their work routines. Due to the sedentary nature of their work, knowledge workers have little opportunities to engage in physical activities during the working hours. In addition, physical activity

  19. Knowledge, attitude and practices about needle stick injuries in health care workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Objectives: To assess knowledge, attitude and practices about needle stick Injuries in health care workers. Study type, settings and duration: Hospital based study carried out at Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad, from August 2010 to November 2010. Subjects and Methods: A self administered 19 items questionnaire was prepared which contained information about needle stick injuries, its awareness, frequency of injury and the protocols that were followed after an injury had occurred. These questionnaires were given to 500 health care workers working in different wards and theaters of the hospital after obtaining their informed written consent. The health care workers included doctors, nurses and paramedical staff of Pakistan Institute of Medical Sciences, Islamabad. The data was entered and analyzed using SPSS version 15. Results: A total of 500 health care workers filled the questionnaire and returned it. Out of these 416(83.2%) reported ever experiencing needle stick injuries in their professional life. Health care workers working in Emergency department were most frequently affected (65%) followed by those working in different wards (27%) and operation theatre (8%). Most (93.6%) workers had knowledge about needle stick injuries and only 6.4% were not aware of it. Needle stick injury occurred from a brand new (unused) syringe in 51.2% cases, while in 32.8% cases, the needle caused an injury after it had been used for an injection. In 5% cases, injury occurred with blood stained needles. The commonest reasons for needle injury in stick injuries were heavy work load (36.8%) followed by hasty work (33.6%) and needle recapping (18.6%). About 66% health care workers were already vaccinated against hepatitis B. Only 13% workers followed universal guidelines of needle stick injuries and no case was reported to hospital authorities. Conclusions: Health care workers had inadequate knowledge about the risk associated with needle stick injuries and do not

  20. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS JAUNDICE AMONG AYDER REFERAL HOSPITAL HEALTH WORKERS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Selahudin Alemu

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to determine knowledge, practice and attitude towards jaundice among hospital health workers in Ayder Referral Hospital. Jaundice is a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bilirubin in blood it is associated with many myth and Misconception. A study, using self administered questionnaire, was conducted from March 2009 to early May 2009.The result of the study showed that 79% respondents were selected, from which only 4(4% of the respondents select all of the correct options namely Dark colour of the urine, Yellowish colour of skin and eye, Aching and convulsion. 10% knew two manifestation of jaundice, 84% of respondent knew only one manifestation of jaundice. 83%of the respondents knew jaundice is due to high blood concentration of billirubin. 5% answered wrong that is jaundice is due to high blood concentration of urea. 76% of the workers prefers modern medicine for the treatment of jaundice and 8% the traditional medicine. The health workers are fairly clear in some aspects of jaundice and inadequate knowledge in other aspects of jaundice. Most of the health workers have positive perception towards jaundice and prefer modern medicine for treating jaundice. They have totally poor knowledge about traditional medicine for the treatment of jaundice. The health workers need an education and training about jaundice to update their knowledge and other study at community level should be conducted to know more about traditional method of treating jaundice.

  1. Neonatal jaundice and its management: knowledge, attitude and practice of community health workers in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Olusoji J

    2006-01-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Neonatal jaundice (NNJ is still a leading cause of preventable brain damage, physical and mental handicap, and early death among infants in many communities. Greater awareness is needed among all health workers. The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge of primary health care workers about the description, causes, effective treatment, and sequelae of NNJ. Methods The setting was a local government area i.e. an administrative district within the south-western part of Nigeria. Community health workers in this area were interviewed by means of a self-administered questionnaire which focused on awareness and knowledge of neonatal jaundice and its causes, treatment and complications. Results Sixty-six community health workers participated in the survey and male-to-female ratio was 1:5. Their work experience averaged 13.5 (SD 12.7 years. Only 51.5% of the respondents gave a correct definition of NNJ. 75.8 % knew how to examine for this condition while 84.9 % knew at least two of its major causes in our environment. Also, only 54.5 % had adequate knowledge of effective treatment namely, phototherapy and exchange blood transfusion. Rather than referring affected babies to hospitals for proper management, 13.4 %, 10.4 % and 3 % of the participants would treat with ineffective drugs, natural phototherapy and herbal remedies respectively. None of the participants knew any effective means of prevention. Conclusion Primary health care workers may have inadequate knowledge and misconceptions on NNJ which must be addressed concertedly before the impact of the condition on child health and well-being can be significantly reduced. We recommend regular training workshops and seminars for this purpose.

  2. Nurses as knowledge workers: is there evidence of knowledge in patient handoffs?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matney, Susan A; Maddox, Lory J; Staggers, Nancy

    2014-02-01

    Patient care handoffs are critical to ensuring continuity of care and patient safety. Current definitions of handoffs focus on information, but preventing errors and improving quality require knowledge. The objective of this study was to determine whether knowledge and wisdom were exchanged during medical and surgical patient care handoffs and to discover how these were expressed. The study was a directed content analysis of 93 handoffs using the data/information/knowledge/wisdom framework. Results indicated knowledge was present in all handoffs, comprising 41% of the phrases across the two types of units. No wisdom was coded. The percentage and types of knowledge phrases differed between medical and surgical units. Handoffs could be more knowledge based by linking handoff content to patient problems and goals. Future handoffs could be computationally derived, context-specific, and linked to problem-focused care plans and patient summaries. Improved data visualization and cognitive support are needed.

  3. GROWTH OF COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE BY LINKING KNOWLEDGE WORKERS THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jaroslava KUBA TOVA

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Collective intelligence can be defined, very broadly, as groups of individuals that do things collectively, and that seem to be intelligent. Collective intelligence has existed for ages. Families, tribes, companies, countries, etc., are all groups of individuals doing things collectively, and that seem to be intelligent. However, over the past two decades, the rise of the Internet has given upturn to new types of collective intelligence. Companies can take advantage from the so-called Webenabled collective intelligence. Web-enabled collective intelligence is based on linking knowledge workers through social media. That means that companies can hire geographically dispersed knowledge workers and create so-called virtual teams of these knowledge workers (members of the virtual teams are connected only via the Internet and do not meet face to face. By providing an online social network, the companies can achieve significant growth of collective intelligence. But to create and use an online social network within a company in a really efficient way, the managers need to have a deep understanding of how such a system works.Thus the purpose of this paper is to share the knowledge about effective use of social networks in companies. The main objectives of this paper are as follows: to introduce some good practices of the use of social media in companies, to analyze these practices and to generalize recommendations for a successful introduction and use of social media to increase collective intelligence of a company.

  4. GROWTH OF COLLECTIVE INTELLIGENCE BY LINKING KNOWLEDGE WORKERS THROUGH SOCIAL MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    JAROSLAVA KUBÁTOVÁ

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available Collective intelligence can be defined, very broadly, as groups of individuals that do things collectively, and that seem to be intelligent. Collective intelligence has existed for ages. Families, tribes, companies, countries, etc., are all groups of individuals doing things collectively, and that seem to be intelligent. However, over the past two decades, the rise of the Internet has given upturn to new types of collective intelligence. Companies can take advantage from the so-called Web-enabled collective intelligence. Web-enabled collective intelligence is based on linking knowledge workers through social media. That means that companies can hire geographically dispersed knowledge workers and create so-called virtual teams of these knowledge workers (members of the virtual teams are connected only via the Internet and do not meet face to face. By providing an online social network, the companies can achieve significant growth of collective intelligence. But to create and use an online social network within a company in a really efficient way, the managers need to have a deep understanding of how such a system works. Thus the purpose of this paper is to share the knowledge about effective use of social networks in companies. The main objectives of this paper are as follows: to introduce some good practices of the use of social media in companies, to analyze these practices and to generalize recommendations for a successful introduction and use of social media to increase collective intelligence of a company.

  5. [Evaluation of the knowledge and manner of workers of workplaces in Tokat about the ban on restriction of indoor smoking].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Doruk, Sibel; Celik, Deniz; Etikan, Ilker; Inönü, Handan; Yılmaz, Ayşe; Seyfikli, Zehra

    2010-01-01

    To evaluate the knowledge and manner of cafe, pub and restaurant (with/without alcohol) workers in our city center about the ban on restriction of indoor smoking. To determine the preparation about the ban, smoking characteristics of workers, the knowledge on passive smoking. A questionnaire was performed to workers. The type of workplace, the number of workers, existence of a restriction of indoor smoking, any preparation about the ban were asked. The job of worker, whether the worker has a knowledge on the ban or not, the idea of the workers on the necessity and practicability of the ban were asked. Smoking history and the knowledge about passive smoking of workers were recorded. Fagerstrom nicotine dependent test (FNDT) was performed to smokers. Eighty four work places with 568 workers included in the study. The questionnaire was performed to 337 workers whose mean age was 29.1/years. 292 of workers were male. 190 of cases were current smokers. 166 of cases (49.3%) know the meaning of passive smoking. Alcohol offering was made at 8 of workplaces. Smoking was forbidden in 20 of workplaces. A preparation was performed about the ban in 30 of (46.9%) other workplaces. 88.4% of workers have knowledge on the ban, 64.7% of them know the punishment of the noncompliance of the ban. 81.3% of the workers believe the necessity and 45.7% of them believe the practicability of the ban. Smokers and especially who's FNBT > 5 have a stronger belief on the necessity and practicability of the ban. We determined that the preparation about the ban was inadequate although there was an little time for the put into practice the law. So we think that the controls of workplaces should be happened frequent. PMID:21038139

  6. The linkage between the residential choice and the lifestyle of knowledge workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendit, Eduard; Frenkel, Amnon; Kaplan, Sigal

    2011-01-01

    This study investigates the linkage between the lifestyle and the intra-metropolitan residential choice of knowledge-workers in terms of home ownership, location, dwelling size and building type. In order to identify population groups based on their lifestyle, data from a revealed......-preferences survey among knowledge-workers in Israel are clustered by means of a two-stage clustering method, consisting of self-organizing maps (SOM) followed by neural gas, Bayesian classification and unified distance matrix edge analysis. The method is embedded in the software Synapse. Five clusters...... are identified: nest-builders, bon-vivants, careerists, entrepreneurs and laid-back. The clusters significantly differ in terms of their home ownership, location, dwelling size and building type. Bon-vivants and entrepreneurs differ in their dwelling size and home ownership, although both prefer the metropolitan...

  7. Home-Based Direct Care Workers: Their Reported Injuries and Perceived Training Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamadi, Hanadi; Probst, Janice C; Khan, M Mahmud; Bellinger, Jessica; Porter, Candace

    2016-06-01

    The objectives of the study were to profile occupational injury patterns across home health and hospice care (HHC), organization characteristics, and home health aides' (HHAs) individual characteristics, and examine how worker training affects HHAs' risk of reporting an injury using the model of human factors of health care in the home. The authors measured training knowledge using an 11-item scale and conducted univariate and bivariate analyses to describe injury patterns across individual, occupational, and organizational factors using STATA 12.0. The researchers found that work-related injuries and type of injury were associated with increased likelihood of reporting one or more injuries, full-time employment, high hourly pay, and working in an inpatient or mixed setting. Overall, HHAs perceived that they received "excellent" and "good" training on key topics that promoted safety and job knowledge. Furthermore, the results suggested linkages between worker's complex personal, occupational, and organizational characteristics. PMID:27026275

  8. Bioassay program: determination of I-131 body burden among radiation workers and nuclear medicine laboratory technicians

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Duran, E.B.; Napenas, D.; San Jose, V.; Juan, N.

    The body burden of I-131 was determined among the radiation workers of the Philippine Atomic Energy Commission (PAEC) who are directly involved in I-131 processing and nuclear laboratory technicians of University of Santo Tomas and Veterans Hospital, who handle and dispense I-131 to patients. The routine monitoring was done by urine analysis. The untreated urine samples were counted directly for 4000 seconds using Nal(Tl) scintillation detector coupled to an ND66 microcomputer-based multichannel analyzer. Urine samples of radiation workers of PAEC who are not involved in I-131 processing and non-radiation workers were also assayed for comparison. For radiation workers of PAEC who are directly involved in processing I-131, the estimated body burden of I-131 ranged from <0.055 to 8.53 uCi (282 urine samples). These values were higher than those observed for radiation workers not involved in the handling or processing of I-131 with estimated body burden of I-131 ranging from <0.055 to 0.52 uCi (48 urine samples) or than those observed from non-radiation workers (<0.055 uCi). The maximum permissible burden of I-131 is 0.7 uCi.

  9. Ugandan community knowledge workers: complex games and technology in the field

    OpenAIRE

    Helgeson, Jennifer

    2013-01-01

    A group of Community Knowledge Workers (CKWs) test the complex game section of the Muth Helgeson Survey Tool (MHST) in the Oyam, Uganda region. Over 130 CKWs were equipped with smart phones with the MHST application, which also incorporated small behavioural economics games. These CKWs physically visited over 5000 Ugandan farms, measuring farmers behaviours and attitudes regarding risk. The MHST is the largest study of Ugandan farms since 1991 and the first to use this methodology to exami...

  10. KNOWLEDGE, ATTITUDE AND PERCEPTION TOWARDS JAUNDICE AMONG AYDER REFERAL HOSPITAL HEALTH WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    Selahudin Alemu; Derbew Fikadu Berhe; S.Palani; Nisha Mary Joseph

    2011-01-01

    The objective of the study was to determine knowledge, practice and attitude towards jaundice among hospital health workers in Ayder Referral Hospital. Jaundice is a condition in which a person's skin and the whites of the eyes are discolored yellow due to an increased level of bilirubin in blood it is associated with many myth and Misconception. A study, using self administered questionnaire, was conducted from March 2009 to early May 2009.The result of the study showed that 79% respondent...

  11. Modification to knowledge on breast cancer in the workers with risk factors for this disease

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    An educative intervention of 30 workers with risk factors for breast cancer was carried out in 'Ramon Lopez Penna' University Polyclinic in Santiago de Cuba, from September 2008 to March 2009, in order to increase some knowledge on the topic. Two subgroups with 15 participants each were created to develop the different activities of the educative project, which will be assessed before the instructive action and 6 months after its onset. A Mc Nemar text was used to validate the information and a significant modification to knowledge on the topic was obtained. (author)

  12. Knowledge of diabetes mellitus in tuberculosis amongst healthcare workers in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okeoghene Anthonia Ogbera

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: There is a World Diabetes Foundation funded research on detection of diabetes mellitus (DM in tuberculosis (TB which is currently being carried out in 56 TB centers in Lagos State Nigeria and against this background, we decided to evaluate the knowledge of DM and (TB amongst the health workers from these facilities. Materials and Methods: We employed the use of self-administered questionnaires comprising questions to determine participant′s knowledge on risk factors, clinical presentation and complications of DM, diagnosis, management of DM, and presentation and management of TB. We documented and also compared responses that differed in a statistically significant manner amongst the various cadres of health worker and the three tiers of healthcare facilities. Results: A total of 263 health care workers responded, out of which medical doctors constituted 72 (27.4% while nurses and other categories of health care workers constituted 191 (72.6%. All the respondents knew that TB is a communicable disease and a large majority- 86% knew that DM is a chronic disorder that as of now has no cure. One hundred and eighty one (71% respondents gave a correct response of a fasting plasma glucose level of 9mmol/L, which is in the range for diagnosis of DM. About a third-90-of the health workers, however, stated that DM may be diagnosed solely on clinical symptoms of DM. However, 104 (46% of the Study participants stated that urine may be employed for objectively diagnosing DM. All respondents had hitherto not had patients with TB who had been routinely screened for DM. There was insufficient knowledge on the non-pharmacological management with over half of the respondents, irrespective ofstatus, maintained that all persons diagnosed with DM should be made to lose weight and carbohydrate should make up less than 30% of the component of their meals. Conclusion: There remains largely inadequate knowledge on diagnosing and non

  13. A Practitioner’s Approach to Drucker’s Knowledge - Worker Productivity in the 21st Century: A New Model (Part One)

    OpenAIRE

    Peter S. WONG; Philip A NECK

    2010-01-01

    This article examines productivity in the context of the 21st century, focusing on Drucker’s prophecy of knowledge-worker productivity, the power of ‘unified strategy’, organisational interdependence and a practitioner’s approach to knowledge-worker productivity based on Drucker’s six determining factors. From these six factors, a nine building-block based questionnaire survey is developed to establish knowledge-worker productivity readiness status; a knowledge-worker review session to plan t...

  14. Knowledge of heart disease risk factors among workers in a Nigerian University: A call for concern

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Adeseye Abiodun Akintunde

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Cardiovascular disease is the commonest cause of mortality worldwide. Many risk factors predate the development of cardiovascular diseases. Adequate knowledge of risk factors for cardiovascular diseases is the first step towards effective preventive strategies to combat the cardiovascular diseases burden in any population. This study aims to determine the knowledge of workers in a Nigerian University on risk factors for cardiovascular diseases. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional survey of 206 academic and non-academic staff of Ladoke Akintola University of Technology, Ogbomoso, Nigeria using the Heart Disease Fact Questionnaire (HDFQ. Demographic data were taken. The lipid profile and random blood sugar were taken. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS 17.0. Results: The mean age of the study participants was 45.3 ΁ 7.9 years. There were 96 males (46.6%. The mean HDFQ score was 48.6%. Only 41 (19.9% of participants were assessed to have good knowledge of heart disease risk factors. Majority, 101 (49.0% had poor knowledge while 64 (31.2% had fair knowledge of heart disease risk factors. There was no significant difference between prevalence of CV risk factors between those with good or fair or low level of knowledge. Most participants did not have a good level of knowledge about risk factors, prevention, treatment and association with diabetes as it relates to heart diseases. Conclusion: Knowledge of heart disease risk factors is low among University workers in Nigeria. Effective education on heart disease risk factors and appropriate preventive strategies are indeed important to reduce cardiovascular disease burden in Nigerian University communities.

  15. Students integrate knowledge acquisition and practical work in the laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agüera, E I; Sánchez-Hermosín, P; Díz-Pérez, J; Tovar, P; Camacho, R; Escribano, B M

    2015-09-01

    The aim of the present work was to transfer a wider concept of teamwork and self-learning to the laboratory, encouraging students' capabilities when seeking, acquiring, and processing knowledge. This educational innovation was carried out with a total of 38 students (fourth year of degree in Biology) in the area of physiology (Advances in Reproduction course) at University of Córdoba in Córdoba, Spain. The design of the project's application methodology consisted of establishing a way in which problems would be tackled in the practical classes. For this purpose, the different tasks were set up so that students could relate them to the concepts learned in the theory classes. On the first day of class, the project was presented to the students. Groups of two to three students worked in the laboratory and set up an outline of the protocol of the practical work that they had done. This outline was performed individually and sent to the lecturers through a learning management system (Moodle). The teachers gave feedback and assessed student submissions. Upon finishing the course, students completed a survey. The project-based learning method promotes practical self-learning on the part of students. This methodology demonstrated to us that it stimulates a critical and self-critical capacity in students, both individually and in groups, and that writing didactic practical material helped students to enhance their theory knowledge. The experiment was a success in view of the scores obtained upon finishing the subject. PMID:26330040

  16. Changes in personnel policies of enterprises conditioned by the identification of knowledge workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igielski Michał

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The twenty-first century requires enterprises to change in their functioning, since management has been faced with an unprecedented challenge so far – it is the result of a turbulent external environment. Due to transformations the companies cannot continue to build their competitive advantages based on investments in tangible resources and cheap labour. They have to turn into organizations based on knowledge, skills and competencies, which involves the use of new management methods. Therefore, the most desirable employees are those who through education, skills and experience are able to help businesses operate on the market. Companies in their strategies appreciate knowledge workers, who in the world today, in the era of endless crisis, can decide and determine gaining a competitive position in the market. We must also remember that the policy of qualification and skills of knowledge workers must arise from the strategy of personnel of the company. Therefore, the author of this article believes that it is necessary to customize personnel strategies in enterprises to the needs of knowledge employees working in them.

  17. Exposure of Laboratory Animal Care Workers to Airborne Mouse and Rat Allergens

    OpenAIRE

    Glueck, Joshua T; Huneke, Richard B; Perez, Hernando; Burstyn, Igor

    2012-01-01

    Urine of rats and mice is the main source of allergenic proteins that can enter the respiratory tract of laboratory animal care workers. Little is known about the levels and determinants of these exposures in the United States. We investigated the relationship between activities in animal facilities and levels of personal exposure to allergen by collecting personal breathing zone dust samples from 7 caretakers during full workdays for 1 wk. Mice and rat urinary allergens in inhalable dust wer...

  18. Residential location choice of knowledge-workers in a "startup metropolis": the role of amenities, workplace and lifestyle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Frenkel, Amnon; Bendit, Edward; Kaplan, Sigal

    2013-01-01

    This study investigates the residential location choice of knowledge-workers at the intra-metropolitan level by applying discrete choice models. The models represent housing choices of 833 knowledge-workers in high-technology and financial services and analyze the relative importance of lifestyle...... affordability and commuting time, while substantial secondary factors are cultural and educational land-use and culture-oriented lifestyle....

  19. Influence of reward preferences in attracting, retaining, and motivating knowledge workers in South African information technology companies

    OpenAIRE

    Mark Bussin; Wernardt C. Toerien

    2015-01-01

    Purpose: The world of work is evolving and the nature of relationships between knowledge workers and their employers has changed distinctly, leading to a change in the type of rewards they prefer. The nature of these preferences in the South African, industry-specific context is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to deepen understanding of the reward preferences of Information technology (IT) knowledge workers in South Africa, specifically as these relate to the attraction, rete...

  20. Knowledge of Evidence-Based Urinary Catheter Care Practice Recommendations Among Healthcare Workers in Nursing Homes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mody, Lona; Saint, Sanjay; Galecki, Andrzej; Chen, Shu; Krein, Sarah L.

    2010-01-01

    Objectives This study assessed the knowledge of recommended urinary catheter care practices among nursing home (NH) healthcare workers (HCWs) in Southeast Michigan. Design A self-administered survey. Setting Seven nursing homes in Southeast Michigan. Participants Three hundred and fifty-six healthcare workers. Methods An anonymous, self-administered survey of HCWs (nurses & nurse aides) in seven NHs in 2006. The survey included questions about respondent characteristics and knowledge about indications, care, and personal hygiene pertaining to urinary catheters. The association of knowledge measures with occupation (nurses vs. aides) was assessed using generalized estimating equations. Results A total of 356 of 440 HCWs (81%) responded. Over 90% of HCWs were aware of measures such as cleaning around the catheter daily, glove use, and hand hygiene with catheter manipulation. They were less aware of research-proven recommendations of not disconnecting the catheter from its bag (59% nurses vs. 30% aides, P < .001), not routinely irrigating the catheter (48% nurses vs. 8% aides, P < .001), and hand hygiene even after casual contact (60% nurses vs. 69% aides, P = .07). HCWs were also unaware of recommendations regarding alcohol-based handrub (27% nurses & 32% aides with correct responses, P = .38). HCWs reported sources, both informal (such as nurse supervisors) and formal (in-services), of knowledge about catheter care. Conclusion Wide discrepancies remain between research-proven recommendations pertaining to urinary catheter care and HCWs' knowledge. Nurses and aides differ in their knowledge of recommendations against harmful practices, such as disconnecting the catheter from the bag and routinely irrigating catheters. Further research should focus on strategies to enhance dissemination of proven infection control practices in NHs. PMID:20662957

  1. Clinical and Laboratory Findings of Lead Hepatotoxicity in the Workers of a Car Battery Manufacturing Factory

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bita Dadpour

    2016-02-01

    Full Text Available Background: Occupational lead poisoning is common in workers of some industries, but lead hepatotoxicity has rarely been reported. Several animal studies have revealed lead induced liver damage but clinical studies concerning the manifestations of lead induced liver toxicity in humans are scares. This study was designed to investigate the clinical manifestations and pathological parameters of hepatic dysfunction and its relationship with blood and urine lead concentrations in a car battery-manufacturing workers. Methods: This cross sectional study was carried out in Mashhad, Iran, during April-June 2011. One hundred and twelve workers underwent blood and urine sampling for determination of lead concentrations and liver function tests. Clinical signs and symptoms of possible lead hepatotoxicity were investigated. Results: Mean (±SD age of the workers was 28.78 (±5.17 yr with a daytime work of 8.67 (±1.41 h and mean work duration of 3.89 (±2.40 yr. Mean blood lead concentration (BLC and urine lead concentration (ULC were 398.95 (±177.41 µg/l and 83.67(±50 μg/l, respectively. We found no correlation between the clinical findings and BLC or ULC. A weak correlation (R: 0.27, P=0.087 between serum alkaline phosphatase concentration and BLC was obtained. No significant relationship was found between other liver function tests and BLC or ULC. Conclusion: We found no specific clinical and laboratory abnormalities of liver in the workers of car battery manufacturer who had chronic lead toxicity. Further investigations with more specific laboratory tests such as LDH5 and gamma glutamyl transferase (GGT as well as novel biomarkers of metal induced hepatotoxicity might be helpful in evaluating lead hepatotoxicity.

  2. Knowledge, attitudes and behaviour of healthcare workers regarding influenza and vaccination in Salerno, Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Grazia Panico

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available

    Abstract
    Background: Influenza vaccination coverage among healthcare workers (HCWs is unacceptably low despite
    the recommendations of health authorities.
    Objective: The aim of the study is to assess the knowledge base of healthcare workers in Local Health Services (LHS regarding influenza vaccination and to identify the factors that inhibit or motivate vaccination among HCWs.
    Methods: A cross sectional study was carried out between July and October 2003 within the five Hospitals of the LHS “Azienda Sanitaria Salerno2”, Salerno, Italy. In July 2003, we prepared a standardized anonymous questionnaire for a sample of 280 healthcare workers aimed at surveying their knowledge base and attitudes
    towards influenza and vaccination. The HCWs were recruited by random selection using the stratified layered sampling method. On the basis of the results of our survey, a hospital vaccination campaign was undertaken. Statistical analysis was carried out using the EpiInfo 6.06 program. Data were analyzed through frequency distribution. Statistical comparison was performed using the Chi-square tests and a p-value <0,05 was considered statistically significant*.
    Results: During the 2003-2004 influenza season, 230 (81% out of 280 employees answered the questionnaire. 31 respondents (13.5% were physicians, 94 (40.9% were nurses and 105 (45.6% were workers employed in supporting services. The vaccination rate among Health Care workers of this Local Health Service (LHS unit was about 15.0%. The reasons most frequently cited by HCWs for noncompliance with vaccination were confidence in their own personal health, the fear of adverse reactions to the vaccine
    and the doubt they had about vaccine efficacy.
    Conclusions: We conclude that those responsible for influenza vaccination programs might consider a specifically tailored

  3. Knowledge of and attitudes to influenza vaccination in healthy primary healthcare workers in Spain, 2011-2012.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Angela Domínguez

    Full Text Available Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for healthcare workers, but many do not follow the recommendation. The objective of this study was to investigate the factors associated with seasonal influenza vaccination in the 2011-2012 season. We carried out an anonymous web survey of Spanish primary healthcare workers in 2012. Information on vaccination, and knowledge and attitudes about the influenza vaccine was collected. Workers with medical conditions that contraindicated vaccination and those with high risk conditions were excluded. Multivariate analysis was performed using unconditional logistic regression. We included 1,749 workers. The overall vaccination coverage was 50.7% and was higher in workers aged ≥ 55 years (55.7%, males (57.4% and paediatricians (63.1%. Factors associated with vaccination were concern about infection at work (aOR 4.93; 95% CI 3.72-6.53, considering that vaccination of heathcare workers is important (aOR 2.62; 95%CI 1.83-3.75 and that vaccination is effective in preventing influenza and its complications (aOR 2.40; 95% CI 1.56-3.67. No association was found between vaccination and knowledge of influenza or the vaccine characteristics. Educational programs should aim to remove the misconceptions and attitudes that limit compliance with recommendations about influenza vaccination in primary healthcare workers rather than only increasing knowledge about influenza and the characteristics of the vaccine.

  4. Influence of reward preferences in attracting, retaining, and motivating knowledge workers in South African information technology companies

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mark Bussin

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The world of work is evolving and the nature of relationships between knowledge workers and their employers has changed distinctly, leading to a change in the type of rewards they prefer. The nature of these preferences in the South African, industry-specific context is poorly understood. The purpose of this study was to deepen understanding of the reward preferences of Information technology (IT knowledge workers in South Africa, specifically as these relate to the attraction, retention and motivation of knowledge workers.Design: The research design included a quantitative, empirical and descriptive study of reward preferences, measured with a self-administered survey and analysed using non-parametric tests for variance between dependent and independent groups and non-parametric analysis of variance.Findings: This study found that there are specific reward preferences in knowledge workers in the IT sector in South Africa and that these preferences apply differently when related to the attraction, retention and motivation of employees. It identified the most important reward components in the competition for knowledge workers and also demonstrated that demographic characteristics play a statistically significant role in determining reward preferences.Practical implications: The study’s findings show that a holistic approach to total rewards is required, failing which, companies will find themselves facing increased turnover and jobhopping. Importantly, the study also highlights that different rewards need to form part of knowledge workers’ relationship with their employer in three different scenarios: attraction, retention and motivation.

  5. "Knowledge Workers" as the New Apprentices: The Influence of Organisational Autonomy, Goals and Values on the Nurturing of Expertise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fuller, Alison; Unwin, Lorna

    2010-01-01

    This paper explores the concept of apprenticeship in the context of the professional formation of knowledge workers. It draws on evidence from research conducted in two knowledge intensive organizations: a research-intensive, elite university; and a "cutting edge" software engineering company. In the former, we investigated the learning…

  6. Residential location choice of knowledge-workers in a "startup metropolis": the role of amenities, workplace and lifestyle

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendit, Edward; Frenkel, Amnon; Kaplan, Sigal

    2011-01-01

    results reveal that knowledge-workers (i) prefer dense urban environments and large cities, (ii) reside in well-established knowledge communities (iii) seek abundance cultural and education opportunities, (iv) seek affordable housing, (v) reside in locations that are compatible with their housing...... preferences, workplace location and leisure activity pattern....

  7. KNOWLEDGE OF HEPATITIS B AND VACCINATION STATUS OF SOME EXPATRIATE ETHNIC GROUPS OF BLUE COLLAR WORKERS IN NORTHERN SAUDI ARABIA

    OpenAIRE

    Abdul Sattar Khan; Maisa Al-Sweilem; Zekeriya Akturk

    2008-01-01

    Objective: To find out the level of knowledge and vaccination status of some expatriate ethnic groups of blue color workers. Background: Hepatitis B (HBV) infection is relatively common throughout the world, but more prevalent in low socioeconomic and underprivileged classes. The chronic infection may lead to severe consequences including Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Method: A cross-sectional, community-based survey of some ethnic expatriate groups of blue color workers (n=665) livi...

  8. [Knowledge and attitude of workers and patrons in coffee houses, cafes, restaurants about cigarette smoke].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fidan, Fatma; Sezer, Murat; Unlü, Mehmet; Kara, Ziya

    2005-01-01

    A legislation about smoking restriction in all workplaces is under consideration in Turkey. In our study we evaluated the knowledge and attitudes of workers and patrons of cafes, restaurants and coffee houses about smoking ban in their work places. Twenty eight owners, 67 workers and 242 patrons in 12 coffee house, 12 restaurants and 7 cafes were interviewed. A desire to work in a smoke-free workplace was most frequent (79.8%) among coffee house group and 63.9% in cafe group, 57.8% in restaurants group. Smoking ban was most frequently requested by coffee house group and least frequently by cafe group. Coffee house and cafe groups were supposing a decrease in the number of patrons and incomes with such a legislation, whereas restaurant group was thinking that no change will occur. 45.4% of the coffee house patrons stated that they would less frequently visit that workplace in case of a smoking ban, whereas 47.8% of restaurant patrons stated that there would be no change with their frequency to visit there. A desire to work in a smoke-free workplace and requesting a smoking ban for all workplaces were more frequent among nonsmokers. Smokers stated that their frequency to visit those places would decrease in case of a smoking ban, whereas nonsmokers stated an increase in their frequency to visit those places. We think that informing the owners and workers of coffee houses, restaurants and cafes about these facts is very important and would increase the compliance to such a legislation. PMID:16456735

  9. Are Care Takers of Link WorkerAND#8217;s Scheme of HIV/AIDS Knowledgeable Enouth? Assessment Study of Link Workers Scheme in Surat District

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Parmar Rohit

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Gujarat State AIDS Control Society with support from UNICEF Gujarat has initiated as unique project for prevention of HIV /AIDS at rural set up since 2008, which is known as Link Workers’ scheme. Link Workers (LWs are working in each cluster of villages around a 5,000+ population village which will serve as the node for intervention. They are supported in their work by village level volunteers selected from the available groups in the community. Methodology: 140 Link workers and 70 volunteers from 70 villages of 14 blocks of district Surat were invited for the study. Due to few vacant posts, total 183 participants took part in the study; out of these 117 were link workers (LWs while 66 were volunteers. Their Knowledge regarding HIV/AIDS and STI were assessed on a predesigned pretested semi structured study tool. Result: 96.59% link workers and 93.44% volunteers had knowledge about condom use as a method of preventing HIV infection. The concern issue is that only 11.11% LWs and 13.64% volunteers revealed that HIV testing during ANC check up can also prevent HIV transmission from mother to child, inspite of receiving induction training. Only 74.36% LWs and 68.31% volunteers were able to tell about three or more HIV preventive methods. Recommendations: Refresher training and exposure visit to HIV care centres are needed for these workers to strengthen their knowledge. [National J of Med Res 2012; 2(2.000: 173-175

  10. Evaluation of knowledge, attitude and practice of Tabriz's school health workers about oral and dental health

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Taghizadeh Ganji A.

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available "nBackground and Aim: School health workers have an important role in education and prevention of common oral and dental diseases. An organized program can be helpful in training and shaping the proper behavior. This study has evaluated the knowledge, attitude and practice of schools health workers in Tabriz about oral and dental health in 2007-2008."nMaterials and Methods: This cross-sectional and descriptive study was performed in primary schools in Tabriz. Questionnaires were sent to the schools that had health workers. Levels of the knowledge, attitude and practice of the health workers who had answered this questionnaire were evaluated. SPSS software and independent T-Test and Paired- Sample T-Test were used for analyzing the results."nResults: Fifty eight out of 64 school health workers were women. Mean age of school health workers was 45 years. Forty four of school health workers had passed special course about oral health and dental health. 49 of them had passed special educational course the mean of acquired knowledge score was 6.77 out of 10 and women's scores were significantly higher. Also women had more work experience than men. The mean of acquired attitude and practice scores were 7.42 and 7.14 out of 10, respectively."nConclusion: Findings show that performing of the educational courses during work and experience has an effective role in the scales of the health workers. Progress in this situation can be achieved by retraining programs and accessible pamphlets.

  11. The relationship between knowledge of hiv, self-perceived vulnerability and sexual risk behavior among community clinic workers in chile

    OpenAIRE

    Cabieses, Baltica; Ferrer, Lilian; Villarroel, Luis; Tunstall, Helena; Norr, Kathleen

    2012-01-01

    Objective Testing the hypothesis of an association between knowledge and sexual risk behaviour (SRB) amongst community-clinic workers in Chile, explained by the confounding effect of self-perceived vulnerability to HIV. Methods A cross-sectional survey was analyzed; it was nested within a quasiexperimental study of 720 community-clinic workers in Santiago. The SRB score combined the number of sexual partners and condom use (coded as “high”/”low” SRB). Knowledge of HIV (a 25-item index) was co...

  12. Relationship between knowledge of hiv, self-perceived vulnerability and sexual risk behaviours among community clinic workers in chile

    OpenAIRE

    Cabieses Valdes, Baltica; Ferrer Lagunas, Lilian; Villarroel del Pino, Luis; Tunstall, Helena; Norr, Kathleen

    2014-01-01

    Objective: To test the hypothesis of an association between knowledge and sexual risk behaviours (SRB) among community-clinic workers in Chile, explained by the confounding effect of self-perceived vulnerability to HIV. Methods: Analysis of a cross-sectional survey, nested within a quasi-experimental study of 720 community-clinic workers in Santiago. The SRB score combined number of sexual partners and condom use, coded as “high”/“low” SRB. The Knowledge of HIV, a 25-item index, was coded as ...

  13. Knowledge and perception of extension workers towards ict utilization in agricultural extension service delivery in Gazipur district of Bangladesh

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F.A. Prodhan

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available The primary purpose of the study was to assess the extent of knowledge and perception of extension workers towards ICT utilization and to determine the relationship between the selected characteristics of the respondents and knowledge and perception of extension workers towards ICT utilization in extension service delivery. The study was conducted in Gazipur district and comprised proportionate random sample of 90 extension workers from five upazila of Gazipur district. A pre-tested interview schedule was used to collect data from the respondents. To measure the knowledge on ICT utilization 35 statements were selected regarding 7 ICT with five possible answer of each tools and a score of one was given to the right answer and zero to the wrong answer alternatively to measure the perception of the respondents rated each of 10 statements ICT utilization in agriculture on a 5-point Likert type scale and the total of these ratings formed perception index. The result of the study showed that out of seven ICT tools the knowledge of extension workers was highest in case of MS Word this was followed by internet/ web service and the lowest knowledge was found in case of Geographical Information System. It is observed that an overwhelming majority (88.9% of agricultural extension workers in the study area had low to medium knowledge towards ICT utilization. Findings reveal that the respondents had top most perception on the ICT utilization in respect of ‘Extension work can be greatly enhanced by ICT’ followed by on ‘The benefits of ICT use outweigh the financial burden involved’. The result also indicated that more than fourth-fifth (84.4% of the respondents had medium to high perception towards ICT utilization. There were significant relationship between service experience and use of the information sources of the respondents with their knowledge towards ICT utilization conversely innovativeness, cosmopoliteness and job satisfaction of the

  14. Knowledge and work performance of multi-purpose workers under national leprosy eradication programme in Satara district, Maharashtra.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mohite, R V; Mohite, V R

    2012-01-01

    After integration of leprosy services into general health care services, peripheral health care workers played important role in leprosy elimination. The objectives of present study are to assess the knowledge and work performance of multi-purpose workers and it's correlation towards eradication of leprosy under national leprosy eradication programme in Satara district. The cross sectional study was conducted over a period of 6 months includes 71 Primary health centres (PHCs) and 6 Urban leprosy centres (ULCs) providing leprosy services to whole Satara district, Maharashtra. Random sampling technique was used to select study subjects (Multi-purpose workers, MPWs) and data was collected by using pre-tested semi structured proforma by personal interview method. Percentage distribution and statistical association between knowledge and work performance was analysed. More than 88.31% MPWs had good knowledge about leprosy and National leprosy eradication programme (NLEP), similarly more than 88.42% showed good work performance under NLEP in Satara district. Significant statistical association was existed between age and work experience of MPWs with their work performance under NLEP (chi2=11.2, p=0.023* and chi2=10.1, p=0.038*). Significant correlation was also observed between knowledge of MPWs about leprosy and NLEP with their work performance under NLEP (r=0.66, p=0.001*). Satara district achieved leprosy elimination which was mainly due to very good knowledge and quality work performance by multi-purpose workers.

  15. Safe meat-handling knowledge, attitudes and practices of private and government meat processing plants' workers: implications for future policy

    OpenAIRE

    H.K. Adesokan; RAJI, A.O.Q.

    2014-01-01

    Summary Introduction. Food-borne disease outbreaks remain a major global health challenge and cross-contamination from raw meat due to poor handling is a major cause in developing countries. Adequate knowledge of meat handlers is important in limiting these outbreaks. This study evaluated and compared the safe meat-handling knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) of private (PMPP) and government meat processing plants' (GMPP) workers in south-western Nigeria. Methods. This cross sectional st...

  16. Hepatitis and liver disease knowledge and preventive practices among health workers in Mexico: a cross-sectional study

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, N; Flores, YN; Ramirez, P.; Bastani, R; J. Salmerón

    2013-01-01

    Objectives: To assess the knowledge and preventive practices regarding hepatitis and liver disease among a sample of participants in the Mexican Health Worker Cohort Study. Methods: The study population consisted of 892 participants from Cuernavaca, Mexico. Demographic characteristics, knowledge about hepatitis B, hepatitis C, and liver disease in general, as well as information about prevention practices were obtained from self-reported questionnaires. Participants were grouped into categori...

  17. Rural male health workers in Western Jamaica: Knowledge, attitudes and practices toward prostate cancer screening

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Paul Andrew Bourne

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Statistics have shown that since 1988, a significant percentage of males are unwilling to seek medical care. The question is if they had the knowledge, worked in the health system and were educated, would this be any different? Aim: The current study aims to fill this void in the literature by examining the perception of rural male health workers (from the Western Region about prostate examination, and why they are reluctant to inquire about the probability of having, or the likelihood of not having prostate cancer. Materials and Methods: The study utilized primary cross-sectional data that was collected during February and March 2008 from 170 males (ages 29 years and older, health-care workers who were employed in particular rural health institutions in Jamaica (i.e. Western Regional Health Authority. SPSS was used to analyze the data. Results: When the respondents were asked “Have you ever heard about the screening procedure for prostate?” 71.2% indicated yes, but only 27.1% had got their prostate checked by a health practitioner. When respondents were asked to state what influenced their choice of not doing a digital rectal examination, 20.6% indicated comfort level; 9.4% stated the gender of the health practitioner, 5.3% mentioned fear and others did not respond. Of those who had the examination 2 years ago, 96.5% did not state the choice of method. Conclusion: The current study is limited in terms of its generalizability to rural males or rural males in Western Jamaica, but it does provide an insight into the difficulty of men in breaking away from culture.

  18. Knowledge, beliefs and attitudes of community health workers about hypertension in the Cape Peninsula, South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M.J. Sengwana

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available This article explores the perceptions and attitudes of community health workers (CHWs about hypertension. The level of knowledge of hypertension, as well as their personal attitude towards this is crucial in the style and quality of their interventions. CHWs, whose role in health promotion is being increasingly recognised, can help contain or reduce the prevalence of hypertension by influencing the community to adopt healthy lifestyles. Forty-three CHWs employed by Zanempilo in two study areas, Sites B and C in Khayelitsha in the Cape Peninsula, South Africa, were included in the study. Firstly, focus group discussions were conducted with 17 purposively selected CHWs to explore attitudes, beliefs and perceptions of hypertension. Secondly, interviews were conducted to assess their basic knowledge about causes, prevention and control of hypertension. The focus group discussions revealed that CHWs were uncertain about the causes of hypertension. They also found it difficult to grasp the fact that people without risk factors, such as overweight or a family history of hypertension, could be hypertensive. Many CHWs believe in traditional medicines and home-brewed beer as the best treatment for hypertension. They believe that people who take medical treatment become sicker and that their health deteriorates rapidly. Risk factors of hypertension mentioned during the structured interviews include inheritance, lack of physical activity, consuming lots of salty and fatty food. Conclusions drawn from the findings of the CHWs’ responses highlighted their insufficient knowledge about hypertension as a chronic disease of lifestyle. Meanwhile they are expected to play a role in stimulating community residents’ interest in the broad principle of preventive health maintenance and follow-up. Data obtained from this research can be used for the planning of health-promotion programmes. These should include preventing hypertension and improving primary management

  19. Development of an Educational Video to Improve HIV-Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Prevention among Company Workers in Ecuador

    Science.gov (United States)

    del Carmen Cabezas, María; Fornasini, Marco; Barmettler, David; Ortuño, Diego; Borja, Teresa; Albert, Adelin

    2015-01-01

    Objective: To develop and assess an innovative educational video package for improving HIV knowledge, attitudes and practices among company workers in Ecuador. Methods: The design and development of the HIV prevention educational video was based on the results of a large-scale survey conducted in 115 companies (commerce, manufacturing and real…

  20. The Effect of Previous Co-Worker Experience on the Survival of Knowledge Intensive Start-Ups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Timmermans, Bram

    The aim of the paper is to investigate the effect of previous co-worker experience on the survival of knowledge intensive start-ups. For the empirical analysis I use the Danish Integrated Database of Labor Market Research (IDA). This longitudinal employer-employee database allows me to identify co...

  1. Exposure of Workers of Ectatomma brunneum Smith (Hymenoptera: Formicidae: Ectatomminae) to ant Baits Containing Different Active Ingredients under Laboratory Conditions

    OpenAIRE

    Viviane Tofolo; Edilberto Giannotti; Marcos Pizano

    2015-01-01

    This work evaluated the short-range mortality of workers of Ectatomma brunneum Smith when exposed to ant baits in laboratory, in order to verify if the attractiveness of this non-target species by ant baits intended to be used in the control of leaf-cutting (target) ants might be harmful to the population studied. Workers were exposed in laboratory for 48 hours to ant baits used in pastures to control the leaf-cutting ants Atta capiguara Gonçalves (Formicidae: Attini) and Atta bisphaerica For...

  2. [Uncomplicated malaria treatment in the Brazilian Amazon: knowledge, practices and perceptions of health workers in high-incidence municipalities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Osorio-de-Castro, Claudia Garcia Serpa; Miranda, Elaine Silva; Esher, Ângela; de Campos, Mônica Rodrigues; Brasil, Juliana de Castro; Ferreira, Ana Cristina Soares; Emmerick, Isabel Cristina Martins

    2011-01-01

    Malaria control in Brazil is based on early diagnosis and adequate and timely treatment as strategies for a rapid and long-lasting cure. Clinical consequences and resistance to antimalarials may arise from problems in prescribing, dispensing and in acceptance of therapeutic regimens by healthcare workers. We studied knowledge and practices, perceptions and attitudes of health workers participating in pharmaceutical services for malaria, regarding the official protocol and the possible flaws in therapy. Health workers from six municipalities in the Brazilian Amazon were interviewed. Speech analysis was employed as a technique to determine analytical categories and to organize data. There was only 1 physician among the 63 interviewees, the others were health technicians carrying out diagnosis, therapy indication and dispensing of antimalarial treatment. Training time and period since course completion varied. Flaws in the adherence to the national protocol included therapy indication, dispensing and counseling. Health workers need knowledge to face disease and treatment specificities. Holding accountable health workers that are unprepared and unfit for the job may indicate the need for adequacy in policies regarding adequate training and hiring of human resources. PMID:21503496

  3. First-Year Residents' Caring, Medical Knowledge, and Clinical Judgment in Relation to Laboratory Utilization.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yarnold, Paul R.; And Others

    1994-01-01

    A study of 36 first-year Northwestern University (Illinois) medical residents found that students' medical knowledge was a predictor of increased laboratory test use, that clinical judgment was a predictor of decreased laboratory use, and that level of caring was statistically unrelated to amount of laboratory use. (Author/MSE)

  4. Knowledge-workers and the sustainable city: the travel consequences of car-related job-perks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bendit, Edward; Frenkel, Amnon; Kaplan, Sigal

    2011-01-01

    . This study analyzes the impact of company-cars and car-allowance on the travel behavior of knowledge-workers. The importance of this issue derives from the tendency of knowledge-based economy to concentrate in highly populated metropolitan regions. The analyzed data comprise 750 observations, retrieved...... from a revealed-preferences survey among KTI workers in the Tel-Aviv metropolitan region in Israel. Results show that car-related job perks are associated with (i) high annual kilometrage, (ii) high propensity of using the car as main commute mode, (iii) long commute distances and travel times, (iv......) high trip chaining frequency in commuting trips, and (v) high frequency of long-distance weekend leisure trips. The results suggest that the development of sustainable knowledge-based cities should consider (i) the replacement of car-related job perks by other incentives, (ii) the provision of...

  5. Assessment of knowledge and perception regarding male sterilization (Non-Scalpel Vasectomy among community health workers in Jharkhand, India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Swati Mahapatra

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: In India, community health workers are the main source of information for family planning services and male population want to interact and discuss with them to clear their doubts about male oriented family planning methods. Objective: The objective of the study was to assess the knowledge and perception of community health workers regarding the modern male sterilization method. Methodology: This was a cross-sectional study conducted in Simdega district of Jharkhand. The target population was the community health workers and randomly selected from four randomly selected from blocks out of total seven in the district. A self-administered quantitative questionnaire was used for data collection comprising questions related to knowledge and perception of community health workers about modern male sterilization method. Results: 43% CHWs didn’t know that this method is different from traditional male sterilization method and around 62% thought man’s sexual performance get affected after NSV and 77% did not have any idea about time required to resume normal work. Conclusions: The poor knowledge and wrong perception could be one of the main reasons for poor male participation in family planning process in India.

  6. The influence of risk perception on biosafety level-2 laboratory workers' hand-to-face contact behaviors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnston, James D; Eggett, Dennis; Johnson, Michele J; Reading, James C

    2014-01-01

    Pathogen transmission in the laboratory is thought to occur primarily through inhalation of infectious aerosols or by direct contact with mucous membranes on the face. While significant research has focused on controlling inhalation exposures, little has been written about hand contamination and subsequent hand-to-face contact (HFC) transmission. HFC may present a significant risk to workers in biosafety level-2 (BSL-2) laboratories where there is typically no barrier between the workers' hands and face. The purpose of this study was to measure the frequency and location of HFC among BSL-2 workers, and to identify psychosocial factors that influence the behavior. Research workers (N = 93) from 21 BSL-2 laboratories consented to participate in the study. Two study personnel measured workers' HFC behaviors by direct observation during activities related to cell culture maintenance, cell infection, virus harvesting, reagent and media preparation, and tissue processing. Following observations, a survey measuring 11 psychosocial predictors of HFC was administered to participants. Study personnel recorded 396 touches to the face over the course of the study (mean = 2.6 HFCs/hr). Of the 93 subjects, 67 (72%) touched their face at least once, ranging from 0.2-16.0 HFCs/hr. Among those who touched their face, contact with the nose was most common (44.9%), followed by contact with the forehead (36.9%), cheek/chin (12.5%), mouth (4.0%), and eye (1.7%). HFC rates were significantly different across laboratories F(20, 72) = 1.85, p = 0.03. Perceived severity of infection predicted lower rates of HFC (p = 0.03). For every one-point increase in the severity scale, workers had 0.41 fewer HFCs/hr (r = -.27, P protection should be considered as part of the BSL-2 PPE ensemble to prevent HFC.

  7. A knowledge continuity management program for the energy, infrastructure and knowledge systems center, Sandia National Laboratories.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Menicucci, David F.

    2006-07-01

    A growing recognition exists in companies worldwide that, when employees leave, they take with them valuable knowledge that is difficult and expensive to recreate. The concern is now particularly acute as the large ''baby boomer'' generation is reaching retirement age. A new field of science, Knowledge Continuity Management (KCM), is designed to capture and catalog the acquired knowledge and wisdom from experience of these employees before they leave. The KCM concept is in the final stages of being adopted by the Energy, Infrastructure, and Knowledge Systems Center and a program is being applied that should produce significant annual cost savings. This report discusses how the Center can use KCM to mitigate knowledge loss from employee departures, including a concise description of a proposed plan tailored to the Center's specific needs and resources.

  8. Social workers' knowledge base with regard to sexual abuse disclosures during the intake interview : a pilot study / Hester Susanna Boonzaaier

    OpenAIRE

    Boonzaaier, Hester Susanna

    2014-01-01

    Background: Child sexual abuse is a problem that manifests in all spheres of our society, a social problem that often crosses the desk of a social worker rendering services to children and families. The researcher can still remember how daunting her first experience was when she dealt with an allegation of child sexual abuse. Now, in hindsight she believes that if she had more in-depth knowledge when dealing with children who has been sexually abused and their disclosure thereof, it would ...

  9. Knowledge of aflatoxin contamination in groundnut and the risk of its ingestion among health workers in Ibadan, Nigeria

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Ilesanmi FF; Ilesanmi OS

    2011-01-01

    To assess the awareness and knowledge of aflatoxin contamination in groundnut and the risk of its ingestion among health workers in Ibadan. Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Study instrument was a semi-structured self administered questionnaire. The respondents were health workers from a public health facility. Results: A total of 417 health workers participated out of which males were 60.2%. The mean age of respondents was (28.0±4.9) years old. Doctors made up 83.0% while others were nurses. 95% of the respondents had previous awareness of aflatoxin and class room lectures was the most common source of information (56%). Occupation and religion both showed a significant association with previous awareness of aflatoxin (P<0.05). Knowledge regarding aflatoxin contamination in groundnut and the risk of its ingestion was obtained showing knowledge score range of 0 to 14. In all, 80.6% had good scores of 11 to 14. None of the respondents had ever told their patients about the risk of aflatoxin ingestion.Conclusions:There is a need to explore the possibility of incorporating aflatoxin awareness into routine health talk to increase the level of awareness of patients and their relatives.

  10. Knowledge and practices related to bovine brucellosis transmission amongst livestock workers in Yewa, south-western Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hezekiah K. Adesokan

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Brucellosis is an endemic disease in the animal population in Nigeria and of major public health importance, particularly amongst livestock workers who are ignorant of the risk of Brucella infection. Therefore, to gain insight into the knowledge and practices related to brucellosis transmission amongst livestock holders (LH and livestock marketers (LM in Yewa, an international livestock trading centre in south-western Nigeria, we conducted an interviewbased study using a cluster sampling technique. In all, a total of 157 respondents comprising 54 LH and 103 LM were interviewed. Two-thirds (69.5% of the two groups had poor knowledge of brucellosis with no significant difference between them (p = 0.262. Furthermore, consumption of unpasteurised milk, uncooked meat and its products, co-habitation with animals, and poor hygiene were significant risk practices identified as possible means of transfer of Brucella infection from animals to humans amongst these livestock workers (p < 0.05. In conclusion, our findings revealed that poor knowledge and practices related to the consumption of unpasteurised or unboiled dairy products, contaminated beef, and unhygienic practices are factors that will facilitate Brucella infections amongst livestock workers in Nigeria. Therefore, there is a need for more public health enlightenment programmes, as well as implementation of brucellosis control measures in the cattle populations.

  11. Knowledge and practices related to bovine brucellosis transmission amongst livestock workers in Yewa, south-western Nigeria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Adesokan, Hezekiah K; Alabi, Peter I; Stack, Judy A; Cadmus, Simeon I B

    2013-01-01

    Brucellosis is an endemic disease in the animal population in Nigeria and of major public health importance, particularly amongst livestock workers who are ignorant of the risk of Brucella infection. Therefore, to gain insight into the knowledge and practices related to brucellosis transmission amongst livestock holders (LH) and livestock marketers (LM) in Yewa, an international livestock trading centre in south-western Nigeria, we conducted an interviewbased study using a cluster sampling technique. In all, a total of 157 respondents comprising 54 LH and 103 LM were interviewed. Two-thirds (69.5%) of the two groups had poor knowledge of brucellosis with no significant difference between them (p = 0.262). Furthermore, consumption of unpasteurised milk, uncooked meat and its products, co-habitation with animals, and poor hygiene were significant risk practices identified as possible means of transfer of Brucella infection from animals to humans amongst these livestock workers (p < 0.05). In conclusion, our findings revealed that poor knowledge and practices related to the consumption of unpasteurised or unboiled dairy products, contaminated beef, and unhygienic practices are factors that will facilitate Brucella infections amongst livestock workers in Nigeria. Therefore, there is a need for more public health enlightenment programmes, as well as implementation of brucellosis control measures in the cattle populations. PMID:23718254

  12. Knowledge and practice of breast self examination and Pap smear screening among a group of electronics women workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chee, H L; Rashidah, S; Shamsuddin, K; Zainiyah, S Y

    2003-08-01

    A total of 486 Malaysian women electronics workers participated in a study of reproductive health knowledge and cancer screening. The practice of Breast Self Examination (BSE) was found to be related to educational attainment; while ever having had a Pap smear was found to be related to being older than 30 years old, being ever married, living with family or relatives, and not staying in hostels. Knowledge on reproductive health was found to be higher for older women, married women, living with family or relatives, not staying in hostels, ever having done BSE and ever having had a Pap smear. PMID:14750370

  13. The relationship between Chinese construction workers' HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour: a structural equation model.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qu, B; Guo, H Q; Liu, J; Zuo, T M; Zhang, Y; Sun, G

    2009-01-01

    This study explored the relationship between human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immune deficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS)-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in migrant urban construction workers using structural equation modelling (SEM). A cross-sectional study was conducted among 428 male subjects on three building sites in Shenyang City. The SEM model of HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour was built using LISREL version 8.5 and it fitted the data well, as shown by an adjusted goodness of fit index of 0.82 and a root mean square error of approximation of 0.094. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS was closely correlated with attitudes and behaviour. Age was an important factor affecting HIV/AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behaviour. These findings suggest that increasing HIV/AIDS-related knowledge could improve the attitude and behaviour of migrant urban construction workers, enabling them to avoid high-risk behaviour that increases the spread of HIV/AIDS. Any intervention used will need to take the important factor of age into consideration.

  14. Knowledge Retention for Computer Simulations: A study comparing virtual and hands-on laboratories

    Science.gov (United States)

    Croom, John R., III

    The use of virtual laboratories has the potential to change physics education. These low-cost, interactive computer activities interest students, allow for easy setup, and give educators a way to teach laboratory based online classes. This study investigated whether virtual laboratories could replace traditional hands-on laboratories and whether students could retain the same long-term knowledge in virtual laboratories as compared to hands-on laboratories. This study is a quantitative quasi-experiment that used a multiple posttest design to determine if students using virtual laboratories would retain the same knowledge as students who performed hands-on laboratories after 9 weeks. The study was composed of 336 students from 14 school districts. Students had their performances on the laboratories and their retention of the laboratories compared to a series of factors that might have affected their retention using a pretest and two posttests, which were compared using a t test. The results showed no significant difference in short-term learning between the hands-on laboratory groups and virtual laboratory groups. There was, however, a significant difference (p = .005) between the groups in long-term retention; students in the hands-on laboratory groups retained more information than those in the virtual laboratory groups. These results suggest that long-term learning is enhanced when a laboratory contains a hands-on component. Finally, the results showed that both groups of students felt their particular laboratory style was superior to the alternative method. The findings of this study can be used to improve the integration of virtual laboratories into science curriculum.

  15. PERFECTION OF ACTIVITY OF MEASURING (TESTING LABORATORIES WITH THE USE OF KNOWLEDGE MANAGEMENT SYSTEMS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. A. Pavlov

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The question of necessity of development and implementation of the Knowledge management system within the accredit measuring (testing laboratory is being discussed. The conception offered is the methodlogy of expert system creation based upon ontologies for subjective areas of activities in the measuring (testing laboratory, built on the base of process approach with the module principle. 

  16. Knowledge, Attitudes, and Behaviors about Breast Self-Examination and Mammography among Female Primary Healthcare Workers in Diyarbakır, Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Özgür Erdem

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Aim. This study aims to determine the knowledge level of the female primary healthcare workers about breast cancer and to reveal their attitude and behaviors about breast self-examination and mammography. Methods. This cross-sectional study was conducted on female primary healthcare workers who work in family health centres. 91% (n=369 of female primary healthcare workers agreed to participate in the study. The questionnaire consisted of three parts: sociodemographic characteristics, knowledge about breast self-examination, and actual practice of breast self-examination. Results. The mean (SD age of the female primary healthcare workers was 33.1±6.8 (range, 20–54 years. The healthcare workers who practiced breast self-examination had significantly higher knowledge level (P=0.001 than those who had not. The respondents had high knowledge level of breast self-examination; however, the knowledge level of breast cancer and mammography screen was low. Conclusions. While the female primary healthcare workers in this study had adequate knowledge of breast self-examination, this is not reflected in their attitudes and practices. Emphasis should be laid on breast self-examination in undergraduate and postgraduate courses for primary healthcare workers, since they are mostly involved in patient education.

  17. A Social-Learning Approach to Hazard-Related Knowledge Exchange: Boundary Workers at the Geoscience-Humanitarian Interface

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinn, Keira; Hope, Max; McCloskey, John

    2014-05-01

    A Social-Learning Approach to Hazard-Related Knowledge Exchange: Boundary Workers at the Geoscience-Humanitarian Interface Keira Quinn (1), Dr Max Hope (1), Professor John McCloskey (1). (1)University of Ulster Peer-reviewed science has the potential to guide policy-makers and practitioners in developing robust responses to social problems and issues. Despite advances in hazard-related science, it can often be a challenge to translate findings into useful social applications. With natural hazards affecting 2.9 billion people between 2000 and 2012 the need for hazard science to be effectively communicated is undeniable. This is particularly so in humanitarian contexts as non-governmental organisations (NGOs) play a key role in the poorer nations most affected by natural disasters. Past methods of 'knowledge transfer' have tended to lead to misinterpretations and misrepresentations of science to the extent that it is often used incorrectly or not at all. 'Knowledge exchange' is currently heralded as a more effective means of bringing about successful communication and understanding, and is characterised by the presence of shared learning. Central to a knowledge exchange approach is an understanding of the social and organisational contexts within which learning takes place. Here we use Etienne Wenger's social-learning approach to analyse selected aspects of the social context influencing knowledge exchange across the geoscience-humanitarian interface. For Wenger (2000) Communities of Practice (CoP) are bounded organisational and social groups united by their own distinct values, goals and ways of working. The boundaries surrounding CoPs can act as barriers to knowledge exchange but can also create opportunities for new shared learning by challenging existing perspectives and practice. Drawing on the findings of ongoing qualitative research into communication and learning between earthquake scientists and humanitarian NGOs in UK/Ireland, this paper outlines a number

  18. Food safety knowledge, attitude, and practice toward compliance with abattoir laws among the abattoir workers in Malaysia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullahi A

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available Auwalu Abdullahi,1–3 Azmi Hassan,1 Norizhar Kadarman,2 Ahmadu Saleh,4 Yusha’u Shu’aibu Baraya,5 Pei Lin Lua,61Institute for Community Development and Quality of Life  (i-CODE, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA, Kampus Gong Badak, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia; 2Faculty of Medicine, Department of Community Medicine, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA, Kampus Kota, Jalan Sultan Mahmud, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia; 3Department of Animal Health and Husbandry, Audu Bako College of Agriculture, Dambatta, Kano, Nigeria; 4School of Animal Science, Faculty of Bio-resources and Food Industry, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA, Terengganu, Malaysia; 5Department of Chemical Pathology, School of Medical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia (USM, Malaysia; 6Community Health Research Cluster, Faculty of Health Sciences, Universiti Sultan Zainal Abidin (UniSZA, Kampus Gong Badak, Kuala Terengganu, Terengganu, Malaysia Purpose: Foodborne diseases are common in the developing countries due to the predominant poor food handling and sanitation practices, particularly as a result of inadequate food safety laws, weak regulatory structures, and inadequate funding as well as a lack of appropriate education for food-handlers. The most frequently involved foods in disease outbreaks are of animal origin. However, in spite of the adequate legislation and laws governing the abattoir operation in Malaysia, compliance with food safety requirements during meat processing and waste disposal is inadequate. Therefore, the present study was designed to assess the food safety knowledge, attitude, and practice toward compliance with abattoir laws among the workers in Terengganu, Malaysia. Materials and methods: A cross-sectional survey was conducted using simple random sampling technique in the six districts of Terengganu: two districts were used for the pilot study and the remaining four were used for the main study. One hundred sixty

  19. Improving the OSH Knowledge of Indonesian Forestry Workers by Using Safety Game Application: tree Felling Supervisors and Operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Efi Yuliati Yovi

    2016-04-01

    Full Text Available This research focused on the possibility to improve the possession of OSH knowledge of Indonesian forestry workers, especially of both supervisor and operators who carried heavy responsibilities as executors of any forestry program. To meet the demand of both respondent groups, a prototype of a board - education game develop in 2015 called "the feeling Safety game: Supervisor" was up-graded and modified. data derived from questionnaires, direct observation, in-depth interviews, and logical assumption, provided information on the recent perception of OSH knowledge, the success of the education game implementation, and factors that led to the success of the implementation. the fact that all respondents in this research were overrated their OSH knowledge reflected serious problems in the field of OSH in the forestry work in Indonesia. It was satisfying to know that the safety game showed a very optimistic result, as the OSH knowledge of the workers were significantly improved aftter only 2-6 game repetitions. Another factor that led to the success of the implementation of the game was the performance of OSH agent who played a role as facilitator during the game. however, a strong management commitment develop based on a local-based OSH management system, remained as an important requirement for the creation of a safe work behaviour change and healthy workplace.

  20. The Implications of a Health Promotion Program on the Knowledge and Practice of Automotive Workers Exposed To Solvent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rumaizah Ruslan

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Problem statement: An in-house health promotion program aimed at promoting safety and health awareness when handling organic solvents at the workplace was carried out and its effectiveness was evaluated by comparing the Knowledge, Attitude and Practices (KAP scores at the pre and post-intervention phase. Approach: A total of 104 workers participated in the program and another 176 workers served as the comparative group. Questionnaire was distributed to respondents for the program evaluation on the KAP as well as to obtain their background information. The program consisted of small group lectures and discussions, a short video show, display of posters and distributions of pamphlets. Results: Pre-intervention data showed poor practice and knowledge scores on solvent hazards (Conclusion: There were improvements in the KAP scores of the intervention group at the post-intervention phase. However, the practice was not significantly correlated to the knowledge, instead, it was influenced by the employment years in the heavily solvent exposed sections in the Painting Department indicating that their job experience and peer group interactions contributed to their work culture and behavior.

  1. Systems Engineering Knowledge Asset (SEKA) Management for Higher Performing Engineering Teams: People, Process and Technology toward Effective Knowledge-Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shelby, Kenneth R., Jr.

    2013-01-01

    Systems engineering teams' value-creation for enterprises is slower than possible due to inefficiencies in communication, learning, common knowledge collaboration and leadership conduct. This dissertation outlines the surrounding people, process and technology dimensions for higher performing engineering teams. It describes a true experiment…

  2. Dose constraints to the individual annual doses of exposed workers in nuclear medicine laboratories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The study deals with the analysis of dose distribution records of the occupationally exposed workers in the field of nuclear medicine in Greece and the establishment of constraints to their individual annual doses (IAD) within the process of optimization in radiation protection. The exposed workers were grouped according to their specialties (medical doctors, technicians, others), the kind of services provided (diagnosis or diagnosis plus I-131 therapy) and the sector they belonged (public or private). Dose constraints (DC) were set at the level below which the IAD of the 75% of the exposed workers per specialty were included. Our results showed that DC levels were exceeded by the 13% of the exposed workers in the public and the 30% in the private sector respectively. Further investigation indicated that the reasons leading to the exceeding of DCs, may be attributed to the workload of the exposed workers which is greater in the private than in the public sector as well as, to possible difference in the specific tasks of workers between the two sectors. (author)

  3. Work Design and Older Workers: A Qualitative Comparison Between two Established Models in a Norwegian Knowledge-Intensive Company

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    The aim of this study is twofold. First to compare an inductive (bottom-up) approach against two established models of work design; Herzberg et al.’s motivation-hygiene theory (HRZ) and Wilson et al.’s healthy work organization model (WIL). Second, to suggest work characteristics to be included in a life-span model of work design accounting for older workers and their needs. The subjects (N=11) were employees (age 60+) in a large Norwegian knowledge-intensive company. Interviews were semi-str...

  4. KNOWLEDGE AND PERCEPTION OF HEALTH CARE WORKERS TOWARDS CLEAN CARE PRACTICES IN A TERTIARY CARE HO SPITAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Payghan

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available ABSTRACT: INTRODUCTION: Ten to thirty percent of the patients admitted to hospitals in India acquire nosocomial infections as against 5% i n the developed world. The first and foremost principle of Universal Safety Precaution is “HANDWASHING”. But the Health Care Workers often forget to wash their hands before int eracting with the patient. Such contaminated hands plays major role in transmitting infections. HCWs are also at an increased risk of needle stick injuries. According to data fr om EPINet system, hospital workers incur approximately 30 needle stick injuries per 100 beds per year on average – an alarming figure by no exaggeration. (5 OBJECTIVE: To assess the knowledge and perception of HCWs toward s hand hygiene and to know the incident of NSI and the fac tors associated with it. STUDY METHOD: Cross sectional study with purposive sampling was car ried out in a tertiary care hospital. Out of 275 participants 55 were doctors, 143 nurses and 77 i nterns. Self administered questionnaire was used to collect information. RESULTS : Ninety one percent doctors, 86% interns and 81% nurses had good knowledge about hand hygiene. 73% d octors, 61% interns and 56% nurses knew the duration required for hand rub. The main h indrance for not practicing hand hygiene was due to lack of resources (37%. Knowledge abou t recapping of the needle was poor and incident of injury due to needle stick was 50% amon g nurses. CONCLUSIONS : Study demonstrated adequate knowledge regarding hand hygi ene. The knowledge should be converted into practice. There is a need for educati onal programme about universal precautions especially about handling of the sharps

  5. Knowledge, Awareness and Compliance with Universal Precautions among Health Care Workers at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    R Irving

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: Universal precautions are not well understood or implemented by health care practitioners, though crucial in the prevention and transmission of blood-borne pathogens like HIV.Objective: To assess knowledge, awareness and compliance of universal precautions among health care workers at the University Hospital of the West Indies, Jamaica.Method: A cross-sectional survey was conducted in September and October 2007. A 28-item self-administered questionnaire was provided to 200 health care workers including medical doctors, medical technologists, nurses and porters to assess their knowledge, awareness and practice towards universal precautions.Results: Almost two-thirds (64.0% of the respondents were very knowledgeable of universal precautions with significantly more females (75.4% than males (42.9% (p<0.0001. More nurses (90.0%, medical doctors (88.0% and medical technologists (70% were very knowledgeable of universal precautions (p<0.0001. More respondents (92.9% who were employed in the health sector for 16 years and over reported high levels of awareness of universal precautions than those who were employed for less than five years (p<0.0001. 28.6% of males and only 6.2% of females reported that they do not use protective gear. More nurses reported frequent use of protective equipment followed by medical technologists and medical doctors (p<0.0001.Conclusions: There was adequate knowledge and a fair level of awareness among medical doctors, medical technologists, and nurses towards universal precautions.

  6. Discourse, Power, and Knowledge in the Management of "Big Science": The Production of Consensus in a Nuclear Fusion Research Laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kinsella, William J.

    1999-01-01

    Extends a Foucauldian view of power/knowledge to the archetypical knowledge-intensive organization, the scientific research laboratory. Describes the discursive production of power/knowledge at the "big science" laboratory conducting nuclear fusion research and illuminates a critical incident in which the fusion research "discipline" imposes…

  7. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Han, Eun Ok [Daegu Health College, Daegu (Korea, Republic of)

    2007-06-15

    Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76{+-}11.20, 90.55{+-}8.59, 80.58{+-}11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55{+-}9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in

  8. Relationship between knowledge, attitude, behavior, and self-efficacy on the radiation safety management of radiation workers in medical institutions

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation safety managements in medical institutions are needed to protect certain radiation damages as a part of National Coalition. This study investigates the characteristics of self-efficacy that become the major factor on the knowledge, attitude, and behavior on the radiation safety management of radiation workers as an approach of educational aspects and analyzes the relationship between such factors to provide basic materials for improving the activity level of radiation safety managements. In order to implement the goal of this study, a survey was performed for 1,200 workers who were engaged in radiation treatments in medical centers, such as general hospital, university hospital, private hospital, and public health center for 42 days from July 23, 2006. Then, the results of the analysis can be summarized as follows: 1. Average scores on knowledge, attitude, and behavior in the radiation safety management were presented as 75.76±11.20, 90.55±8.59, 80.58±11.70, respectively. Also, the average score of self-efficacy was recorded as 73.55±9.82. 2. Knowledge levels in the radiation safety management showed significant differences according to the sex, age, marriage, education, and experience. Also, males of married, older, highly educated, and largely experienced represented high knowledge levels. Attitude levels in the radiation safety management showed certain significant differences according to the type of medical centers in which private hospitals showed a relatively low level compared to that of high levels in university hospitals. Behavior levels in the radiation safety management also represented significant differences according to the age, marriage, education, experience, and types of medical centers. Factors in married, general hospital, older, highly educated, and largely experienced showed high behavior levels. In addition, the self-efficacy showed certain differences according to the marriage and types of medical centers. Factors in married

  9. Valuing the contribution of knowledge-oriented workers to projects: a merit based approach in the construction industry

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mehrdad Arashpour

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available Evidence points to the fact that frequent resignation of project engineers from construction companies is primarily the result of dissatisfaction with the factors that shape the salary scale. This research aims to identify the major influencing factors in merit based salary calculation systems for knowledge-oriented engineers so as to more accurately reflect their contribution to construction projects. Results from a questionnaire sent to managers, engineers and HR professionals throughout the Iranian construction industry revealed that while there was overall agreement on principles to a merit-based approach, engineers in particular identified ‘professional skills’, ‘experience’ and ‘creativity’. Management-oriented parties should take into account engineer perspectives in order to more accurately value the knowledge-oriented contribution of these workers to construction projects. This research provides a basis for understanding the key factors in the merit based salary scale formulation through the construction industry.

  10. A study to evaluate the knowledge of ASHA workers on antenatal and postnatal care in Bijapur district

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shashank KJ

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background: The discourse on the ASHA's role centres around three typologies - ASHA as an activist, ASHA as a link worker or facilitator, and ASHA as a community level health care provider. She will counsel women on birth preparedness, importance of safe delivery, breastfeeding and complementary feeding, immunization, contraception and prevention of common infections including reproductive tract infection/sexually transmitted infection (RTIs/STIs and care of the young child. Hence this study was conducted to evaluate the knowledge of antenatal and postnatal care of ASHA workers. Methods: A cross sectional study was done on 132 ASHA workers selected from 5 random PHCs in Bijapur taluk. Data was collected in a prestructured proforma using interview technique from June to October, 2012. Results: Most of the ASHA (68.1% considered minimum of 3 postnatal visits after the normal vaginal delivery. Around 73.4% were aware that the new born child is to be wrapped up in the cloth soon after birth to prevent hypothermia. Majority (735.% were aware about the duration of exclusive breastfeeding to be practiced by the lactating mother. 69.7% of the respondents said the duration of breastfeeding should be between 18-24 months. Conclusions: Self-explanatory, specific financial guidelines should be made available within time to the programme managers. Under the cascade model of training to the ASHA, trainings should provide complete knowledge and skills to the trainees within the stipulated time. Quality of training should be enhanced and refresher trainings should be planned regularly. [Int J Res Med Sci 2015; 3(9.000: 2299-2302

  11. Knowledge, attitudes, and poultry-handling practices of poultry workers in relation to avian influenza in India

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sudhir C Kumar

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Avian influenza (AI is a viral disease of domestic and wild birds. The recent pandemics caused by highly pathogenic AIA (H5N1 in domestic poultry is currently rated phase 3 by the World Health Organization on the pandemic alert scale. Materials and Methods: A pretested and semistructured survey instrument was administered to both live bird market and poultry farm workers in two most populous cities in Karnataka in South India to collect data on demographics, knowledge, attitude, and practices among them. Results: The mean age was similar among both population groups (31.5 years. There was a higher level of biosecurity practices adopted in poultry farms compared with those adopted in live bird market. Knowledge regarding AI was acceptable but poorly correlated with actual biosecurity practices. Discussion: Live bird market and poultry farm workers have been identified as the weakest link in the prevention and control of the spread of AI in the two most populous cities studied in Karnataka. Conclusion: Risk reduction models of behavior change targeting these groups are important toward the control and prevention of AI spread.

  12. 78 FR 54487 - Abbott Laboratories; Diagnostic-Hematology; Including On-Site Leased Workers From Manpower...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-04

    ... Workers From Manpower Service Group and ATR International; Santa Clara, California; Amended Certification..., Santa Clara, California. The Department's notice of determination was published in the Federal Register... from ATR International were employed on-site at the Santa Clara, California location of...

  13. Knowledge of hepatitis B and vaccination status of some expatriate ethnic groups of blue collar workers in Northern Saudi Arabia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdul Sattar Khan

    2008-01-01

    Background: Hepatitis B (HBV infection is relatively common throughout the world, but more prevalent in low socioeconomic and underprivileged classes. The chronic infection may lead to severe consequences including Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC. Method: A cross-sectional, community-based survey of some ethnic expatriate groups of blue color workers (n=665 living in four main areas along the Northern Borders of Saudi Arabia was completed in 2005. We examined knowledge of HBV and vaccination status and compared them with some socio-demographic factors. Results: The mean age of the participants was 45.61 years (±8.44, 53% of whom were Non-Arabs (Non Arabic speaking. Of the total, 41.6% gave seven or more correct answers out of 12 questions addressing knowledge about the transmission and sequelae of HBV. Almost 40% of the respondents had not been vaccinated while the remaining respondents had had three full doses of vaccination. A high level of knowledge (≥ 7 correct answers was significantly associated (p0.05 with level of knowledge. However, vaccination status was associated (p<0.05 with almost all socio-demographic factors. Conclusion: Hepatitis screening programs for expatriates in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia started 10 years ago and are expected to have a great impact on the combat against HBV infections and their complications. However, beyond screening, health promotion, vaccination campaigns, and access to vaccine for the underprivileged classes are some necessary measures towards achieving success.

  14. Characteristics of female sex workers and their HIV/AIDS/STI knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in semi-urban areas in South Africa

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Peltzer

    2004-09-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study was to investigate characteristics of female sex workers and their HIV/AIDS/STI knowledge, attitudes and behaviour in semi-urban areas in South Africa. The sample included 70 female sex workers from the Tzaneen and Phalaborwa area in the Limpopo Province. A modified form of snowball sampling known as “targeted” sampling was used for identifying female sex workers. Results showed an inadequate knowledge of HIV prevention methods and some incorrect beliefs about AIDS transmission. Most sex workers reported condom use with their last sex client, inconsistent condom use with paying partners, and had poor condom use with regular partners. One third were drinking alcohol daily, one quarter had had voluntary HIV tests, and three quarters had been exposed to HIV interventions. Findings are discussed and implications for HIV interventions outlined.

  15. A cross-sectional study to assess knowledge about HIV/AIDS transmission and prevention measures in company workers in Ecuador

    OpenAIRE

    Cabezas Guerra, Maria del Carmen; Fornasini, Marco; Dardenne, Nadia; Borja, Teresa; Albert, Adelin

    2013-01-01

    Background: HIV/AIDS was first reported in Ecuador in 1984 and its prevalence has been increasing ever since. In 2009, the National AIDS Program reported 21,810 HIV/AIDS cases and confirmed that the worker population was amongst the most affected groups. The objective of this study was to assess knowledge about HIV transmission and prevention measures in company workers in Ecuador. Methods: A cross-sectional survey based on a random sample of 115 companies (1,732 workers), stratified by t...

  16. Sexually transmitted infection screening uptake and knowledge of sexually transmitted infection symptoms among female sex workers participating in a community randomised trial in Peru.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Pamela K; Campos, Pablo E; Garcia, Patricia J; Carcamo, Cesar P; Buendia, Clara; Hughes, James P; Mejia, Carolina; Garnett, Geoff P; Holmes, King K

    2016-04-01

    This study aims to evaluate condom use, sexually transmitted infection (STI) screening, and knowledge of STI symptoms among female sex workers in Peru associated with sex work venues and a community randomised trial of STI control. One component of the Peru PREVEN intervention conducted mobile-team outreach to female sex workers to reduce STIs and increase condom use and access to government clinics for STI screening and evaluation. Prevalence ratios were calculated using multivariate Poisson regression models with robust standard errors, clustering by city. As-treated analyses were conducted to assess outcomes associated with reported exposure to the intervention. Care-seeking was more frequent in intervention communities, but differences were not statistically significant. Female sex workers reporting exposure to the intervention had a significantly higher likelihood of condom use, STI screening at public health clinics, and symptom recognition compared to those not exposed. Compared with street- or bar-based female sex workers, brothel-based female sex workers reported significantly higher rates of condom use with last client, recent screening exams for STIs, and HIV testing. Brothel-based female sex workers also more often reported knowledge of STIs and recognition of STI symptoms in women and in men. Interventions to promote STI detection and prevention among female sex workers in Peru should consider structural or regulatory factors related to sex work venues.

  17. HIV knowledge, risk perception, and safer sex practices among female sex workers in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eunice Bruce

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available Eunice Bruce1, Ludwina Bauai2, Mathias Sapuri3, John M Kaldor4, Christopher K Fairley1, Louise A Keogh51Melbourne Sexual Health Centre, School of Population Health, The University of Melbourne, VIC, Australia; 2Central Papua Mission (CPM of the Seventh Day Adventist Church, Pacific Adventist University, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea; 3Pacific International Hospital, Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea; 4National Centre in HIV Epidemiology and Clinical Research, University of New South Wales, Sydney, NSW, Australia; 5Centre for Women's Health, Gender and Society, School of Public Health, The University of Melbourne, VIC, AustraliaAbstract: Sex workers are considered a high-risk group for sexually transmitted infections, including human immunodeficiency virus (HIV, and are often targeted by prevention interventions with safer sex messages. The purpose of this study was to explore the extent to which knowledge of HIV and perception of risk influence safer sex practices among female sex workers (FSWs in Port Moresby, Papua New Guinea. FSWs (n = 174 were recruited from 19 sites to participate in the study. Qualitative data were collected using semistructured interviews with FSWs (n = 142 through focus group discussions and (n = 32 individual interviews. In addition, quantitative data were collected from all FSWs using a short structured, demographic questionnaire. Data were analyzed using recurring themes and calculations of confidence intervals. Despite some common misperceptions, overall, most FSWs were basically aware of the risks of HIV and informed about transmission and prevention modalities but used condoms inconsistently. Most reported using condoms 'sometimes', almost one-sixth 'never' used condoms, only a fraction used condoms 'always' with clients, and none used condoms 'always' with regular sexual partners (RSPs. Among these FSWs, being knowledgeable about the risks, transmission, and prevention of HIV did not translate into safe sex. The

  18. Expanding the Knowledge on Lignocellulolytic and Redox Enzymes of Worker and Soldier Castes from the Lower Termite Coptotermes gestroi

    Science.gov (United States)

    Franco Cairo, João P. L.; Carazzolle, Marcelo F.; Leonardo, Flávia C.; Mofatto, Luciana S.; Brenelli, Lívia B.; Gonçalves, Thiago A.; Uchima, Cristiane A.; Domingues, Romênia R.; Alvarez, Thabata M.; Tramontina, Robson; Vidal, Ramon O.; Costa, Fernando F.; Costa-Leonardo, Ana M.; Paes Leme, Adriana F.; Pereira, Gonçalo A. G.; Squina, Fabio M.

    2016-01-01

    Termites are considered one of the most efficient decomposers of lignocelluloses on Earth due to their ability to produce, along with its microbial symbionts, a repertoire of carbohydrate-active enzymes (CAZymes). Recently, a set of Pro-oxidant, Antioxidant, and Detoxification enzymes (PAD) were also correlated with the metabolism of carbohydrates and lignin in termites. The lower termite Coptotermes gestroi is considered the main urban pest in Brazil, causing damage to wood constructions. Recently, analysis of the enzymatic repertoire of C. gestroi unveiled the presence of different CAZymes. Because the gene profile of CAZy/PAD enzymes endogenously synthesized by C. gestroi and also by their symbiotic protists remains unclear, the aim of this study was to explore the eukaryotic repertoire of these enzymes in worker and soldier castes of C. gestroi. Our findings showed that worker and soldier castes present similar repertoires of CAZy/PAD enzymes, and also confirmed that endo-glucanases (GH9) and beta-glucosidases (GH1) were the most important glycoside hydrolase families related to lignocellulose degradation in both castes. Classical cellulases such as exo-glucanases (GH7) and endo-glucanases (GH5 and GH45), as well as classical xylanases (GH10 and GH11), were found in both castes only taxonomically related to protists, highlighting the importance of symbiosis in C. gestroi. Moreover, our analysis revealed the presence of Auxiliary Activity enzyme families (AAs), which could be related to lignin modifications in termite digestomes. In conclusion, this report expanded the knowledge on genes and proteins related to CAZy/PAD enzymes from worker and soldier castes of lower termites, revealing new potential enzyme candidates for second-generation biofuel processes. PMID:27790186

  19. Assessment of knowledge, attitude and practice of dengue in factory workers of Amritsar, Punjab

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Deepika Tikoo

    2016-02-01

    Conclusions: The present study shows that literacy status of an individual is not associated with adequate knowledge and its application. The study population had insufficient information about dengue while the preventive measures which were known to them for limiting the spread of dengue was not satisfactorily practiced. We as health care professionals should undertake more of these studies to know about the knowledge status of the community and hold health awareness camps. The government should also adopt frequent measures to spread such information through television, newspapers, posters and campaigns. [Int J Basic Clin Pharmacol 2016; 5(1.000: 38-44

  20. Emergency contraceptive pills: Exploring the knowledge and attitudes of community health workers in a developing Muslim country

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azeem Sultan Mir

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Unsafe abortion is a major Public health problem in developing countries, where women make several unsafe attempts at termination of the unintended pregnancy before turning to health services. Community health workers can act as a bridge between the community and their health facilities and can use Emergency Contraceptive Pills to significantly reduce the mortality and morbidity related to unsafe abortions. Aims: This study explores the knowledge, attitudes and practices of the Lady Health Supervisor of the National Program for Family Planning, district Rawalpindi, regarding emergency contraception pills. Materials and Methods: The cross sectional survey was conducted during the monthly meeting of Lady Health Supervisors. Self administered, anonymous and voluntary questionnaire consisting of 17 items, regarding demographic profile, awareness, knowledge, attitudes and practices, was used. Results: Insufficient knowledge, high misinformation and strongly negative attitudes were revealed. More than half did not know that emergency contraceptive pills do not cause abortion. About four fifths believed that emergency contraceptive pills will lead to ′evil′ practices in society. More than four fifths recognized that the clients of National Program for Family Planning need emergency contraceptive pills. The attitudes were significantly associated with knowledge (P=0.034, Fisher′s Exact Test. Conclusion: The awareness of emergency contraceptive pills is high. Serious gaps in knowledge have been identified. There is a clear recognition of the need of emergency contraceptive pills for the clients of National Program for Family Planning. However, any strategy to introduce emergency contraceptive pills must cater for the misplaced beliefs of the work force.

  1. Knowledge About the Waterpipe (Hookah), a Qualitative Assessment Among Community Workers in a Major Urban Center in Canada.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hammal, Fadi; Wild, T Cameron; Finegan, Barry A

    2016-08-01

    Waterpipe (WP) use has surged in popularity since the introduction of flavoured shisha. It is now an increasingly popular form of smoking among youth in North America. Health professionals/educators knowledge about the WP may well be inadequate. This study, using qualitative methods, sought to explore the knowledge and attitude of leaders in the community toward the WP. Family physicians, pharmacists, tobacco counsellors, social workers and educators were invited to participate in a one-one interview using open-ended questions. A total of 27 interviews were conducted. Individuals from Eastern Mediterranean backgrounds raised doubt about the overemphasised cultural significance of the WP and perceived this as a marketing strategy by industry. Most felt that WP smokers believed the WP to be less harmful than cigarettes and that the use of flavoured tobacco was motivating people to smoke. Participants believed that education should be directed at the general public and healthcare professionals, suggesting school programs and the use of social media to inform young smokers. Most thought that the current practices regarding packaging and second hand smoke exposure are confusing. They identified the lack of knowledge, poor enforcement procedures, "so called cultural aspects" and the economic impact of banning the WP on small businesses as barriers to change. Despite the awareness of an increase in WP use, our participants recognized that little has been done to curb this problem. Our findings emphasize the need for further education and better legislation to regulate WP use and availability. PMID:26704909

  2. A Laboratory Study Designed for Reducing the Gap between Information Security Knowledge and Implementation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Revital Elitzur

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Companies often have the knowledge on procedures to prevent or mitigate against information technology security risks. Yet these companies may not take adequate measures to implement these procedures, and instead, leave themselves vulnerable to security breaches. Potential reasons for this gap between information security knowledge and implementation are provided based on interviews with information technology managers at a global automobile sales and marketing company. Four mechanisms to reduce this gap are proposed, along with a new approach to conduct a laboratory experiment to evaluate the effectiveness of these mechanisms, applied independently and in combinations.

  3. The challenge of knowledge management in a newly-formed national laboratory

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: Introduction. In the autumn of 2006, the UK government made a commitment to establish a National Nuclear Laboratory based around Nexia Solutions and its 'state of the art' facility at Sellafield in Cumbria. The initial phase of the work to establish the laboratory is now complete and it has a remit for the following roles: to play a key role in supporting the UK's strategic R and D requirements; to operate world-class facilities; to ensure key skills are safeguarded and enhanced; to play a key role in the development of the UK's R and D supply base. It is evident that to be successful the National Nuclear Laboratory will need a strong capability in knowledge management to underpin its activities. Our origins in the R and D communities of BNFL and UKAEA have given us a broad portfolio of capabilities which range from reactor technology through fuel cycle technology to waste management and the knowledge held by our people is one of our major strengths. However, the capabilities and knowledge do need to be maintained and developed, for which we have a four part strategy: Strengthen internal systems and processes; Undertake strategic R and D programmes; Build networks with the nuclear industry across the world; Build links and partnerships with academic institutions. Systems and Processes. Internal systems and processes need to be strengthened to make the capture and sharing of knowledge and information more efficient. A key element will be succession planning for more experienced technologists. R and D programmes. Work is proceeding to develop a robust portfolio of R and D programmes. As well as fulfilling our remit to play a key role in the UK's strategic R and D requirements, this will also ensure that skills maintenance goes beyond formal training. Involvement in R and D programmes will develop capabilities in our younger scientists and engineers, particularly, to generate solutions relevant to the industrial-scale application of nuclear technology. We

  4. A Curriculum Tailored for Workers? Knowledge Organization and Possible Transitions in Swedish VET

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nylund, Mattias; Rosvall, Per-Åke

    2016-01-01

    A key feature of the Swedish upper secondary school reform of 2011 (GY11) is the new direction it sets out for the organization of vocational education (VET) and the role it plays in youths' transitions from school to work. This study analyses the GY11 reform in terms of its impact on the organization of knowledge in VET and its implications for…

  5. Training the Knowledge Worker: A Descriptive Study of Training Practices in Irish Software Companies.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Acton, Thomas; Golden, Willie

    2003-01-01

    Employees (n=200) of 39 Irish software companies indicated the following about training practices: organizational commitment to and provision for training was positively associated with employee expectations; well-designed training increased job satisfaction and helped retain organizational knowledge. One-third believed training has not helped…

  6. Assessment of knowledge attitude and practice towards hepatitis B among health care workers in a tertiary care hospital

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Farhana Siraj

    2016-01-01

    Results: This cross sectional prospective study was conducted in the Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology Govt. Medical College Srinagar from January to June 2015. 150 health care professionals were taken for the study. Knowledge regarding disease and transmission was fairly good. Regarding vaccination status 42.02% of medical and 29.60% of paramedical staff was fully vaccinated, the most common reason for non compliance being ignorance of importance of vaccination. Awareness of patients' vaccination status was also low. Conclusions: Due to low vaccine-compliance, Health care workers (HCW continue to be at the risk of occupational HBV infection. Regular Health education highlighting occupational risk of HBV, accessibility of vaccine, and mandatory vaccination of HCW is recommended to prevent Hepatitis B infection. [Int J Reprod Contracept Obstet Gynecol 2016; 5(1.000: 58-61

  7. Knowledge sharing among workers: a study on their contribution through informal communication in Cyberjaya, Malaysia

    OpenAIRE

    Norizzati Azudin; Mohd Nor Ismail; Zainab Taherali

    2009-01-01

    Malaysia, being a multi-racial society, faces the challenges of creating knowledge sharing capability in organisations, as cultural values are often reflected in the workplace by individual employees. For organisations, it is not clear whether this diversity has resulted in any form of competitive advantage. Studies have shown that various communities in Malaysia do not bring their respective cultures to work, and as such the company values prevail. This research is based on the demographic s...

  8. Self-management and its part in knowledge workers' experiences of high performance

    OpenAIRE

    Kälkäjä, M. (Maria)

    2015-01-01

    This study focuses on knowledge workers’ experiences of high performance, and whether there can be found evidence of self-management in those experiences. In previous researches, there has been found that self-management practices can result in higher performance by increasing motivation, organizational engagement and satisfaction with their work. At workplace, employees are able to utilize the process of self-management to pursue their goals more effectively. Some of these goals are set by t...

  9. Prevention and control of tuberculosis in workplaces: how knowledgeable are the workers in Bangladesh?

    OpenAIRE

    Islam, Qazi Shafayetul; Islam, Md Akramul; Islam, Shayla; Ahmed, Syed Masud

    2015-01-01

    Background The National Tuberculosis (TB) Control Programme (NTP) of Bangladesh succeeded in achieving the dual targets of 70 % case detection and 85 % treatment completion as set by the World Health Organization. However, TB prevention and control in work places remained largely an uncharted area for NTP. There is dearth of information regarding manufacturing workers’ current knowledge, attitudes and practices (KAP) on pulmonary TB which is essential for designing a TB prevention and control...

  10. Quality knowledge of science through virtual laboratory as an element of visualization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rizman Herga, Natasa

    Doctoral dissertation discusses the use of virtual laboratory for learning and teaching chemical concepts at science classes in the seventh grade of primary school. The dissertation has got a two-part structure. In the first theoretical part presents a general platform of teaching science in elementary school, teaching forms and methods of teaching and among modern approaches we highlight experimental work. Particular emphasis was placed on the use of new technologies in education and virtual laboratories. Scientific findings on the importance of visualization of science concepts and their triple nature of their understanding are presented. These findings represent a fundamental foundation of empirical research presented in the second part of the doctoral dissertation, whose basic purpose was to examine the effectiveness of using virtual laboratory for teaching and learning chemical contents at science from students' point of view on knowledge and interest. We designed a didactic experiment in which 225 pupils participated. The work was conducted in the experimental and control group. Prior to its execution, the existing school practice among science and chemistry teachers was analysed in terms of: (1) inclusion of experimental work as a fundamental method of active learning chemical contents, (2) the use of visualization methods in the classroom and (3) the use of a virtual laboratory. The main findings of the empirical research, carried out in the school year 2012/2013, in which 48 science and chemistry participated, are that teachers often include experimental work when teaching chemical contents. Interviewed science teachers use a variety of visualization methods when presenting science concepts, in particular computer animation and simulation. Using virtual laboratory as a new strategy for teaching and learning chemical contents is not common because teachers lack special-didactic skills, enabling them to use virtual reality technology. Based on the didactic

  11. Framework for Leadership and Training of Biosafety Level 4 Laboratory Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Le Duc, James W; Anderson, Kevin; Bloom, Marshall E.; Estep, James E.; Feldmann, Heinz; Geisbert, Joan B; Geisbert, Thomas W.; Hensley, Lisa; Holbrook, Michael; Jahrling, Peter B.; Ksiazek, Thomas G.; Korch, George; Patterson, Jean; Skvorak, John P.; Weingartl, Hana

    2008-01-01

    Construction of several new Biosafety Level 4 (BSL-4) laboratories and expansion of existing operations have created an increased international demand for well-trained staff and facility leaders. Directors of most North American BSL-4 laboratories met and agreed upon a framework for leadership and training of biocontainment research and operations staff. They agreed on essential preparation and training that includes theoretical consideration of biocontainment principles, practical hands-on t...

  12. Knowledge, attitudes, and practices regarding cervical cancer and screening among Ethiopian health care workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kress CM

    2015-07-01

    Full Text Available Catherine M Kress,1 Lisa Sharling,2 Ashli A Owen-Smith,3 Dawit Desalegn,4 Henry M Blumberg,2 Jennifer Goedken1 1Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, 2Division of Infectious Diseases, Department of Medicine, 3Department of Behavioral Sciences and Health Education, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University, Atlanta, GA, USA; 4Department of Gynecology and Obstetrics, Addis Ababa University School of Medicine, Addis Ababa, Ethiopia Background: Though cervical cancer incidence has dramatically decreased in resource rich regions due to the implementation of universal screening programs, it remains one of the most common cancers affecting women worldwide and has one of the highest mortality rates. The vast majority of cervical cancer-related deaths are among women that have never been screened. Prior to implementation of a screening program in Addis Ababa University-affiliated hospitals in Ethiopia, a survey was conducted to assess knowledge of cervical cancer etiology, risk factors, and screening, as well as attitudes and practices regarding cervical cancer screening among women’s health care providers.Methods: Between February and March 2012 an anonymous, self-administered survey to assess knowledge, attitudes, and practices related to cervical cancer and its prevention was distributed to 334 health care providers at three government hospitals in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia and three Family Guidance Association clinics in Awassa, Adama, and Bahir Dar. Data were analyzed using SPSS software and chi-square test was used to test differences in knowledge, attitudes, and practices across provider type.Results: Overall knowledge surrounding cervical cancer was high, although awareness of etiology and risk factors was low among nurses and midwives. Providers had no experience performing cervical cancer screening on a routine basis with <40% having performed any type of cervical cancer screening. Reported barriers to performing screening were lack of

  13. Differences of HIV/AIDS Related Knowledge, Attitudes and Practices Between Commercial Sex Workers and Their Clients

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张世英; 张顺祥; AbdullahASM

    2001-01-01

    Objective: To compare the HIV/AIDS related knowledge,attitudes and pratices (KAP) among the commercial sex workers (CSWs) with that of their clients in Shenzhen. Methods: A total of 124 female CSWs and 155 men,detained for selling or purchasing sexual services, were interviewed using a structured questionnaire. Results: CSWs scored higher than their clients on AIDS/HIV knowledge scores, though the difference was not significant and both groups only scored near 50%. ""Almost always""condom use rates were significantly higher for CSWs. Most of the women but fewer men knew condom use could prevent HIV/AIDS infection. The main reason for not using condoms among the women was the unwillingness of their customers. A higher proportion of the CSWs (9.7%) than men (2.6%) had ever used illegal drugs. The mean age of first sexual intercourse (18.2±2.1) and first commercial sex (20.2±3.9)among the CSWs were lower than that of the men (22.2±0.3and 27.1 ± 0.6, respectively). Conclusion: New health education programs promoting condom use should be developed to raise awareness about HIV/AIDS, particularly among men. CSWs and clients are high-risk groups for HIV/AIDS infection and transmission.

  14. Mortality among workers at Oak Ridge National Laboratory. Evidence of radiation effects in follow-up through 1984

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    White men hired at the Oak Ridge (Tenn) National Laboratory between 1943 and 1972 were followed up for vital status through 1984 (N = 8318, 1524 deaths). Relatively low mortality compared with that in US white men was observed for most causes of death, but leukemia mortality was elevated in the total cohort (63% higher, 28 deaths) and in workers who had at some time been monitored for internal radionuclide contamination (123% higher, 16 deaths). Median cumulative dose of external penetrating radiation was 1.4 mSv; 638 workers had cumulative doses above 50 mSv (5 rem). After accounting for age, birth cohort, a measure of socioeconomic status, and active worker status, external radiation with a 20-year exposure lag was related to all causes of death (2.68% increase per 10 mSv) primarily due to an association with cancer mortality (4.94% per 10 mSv). Studies of this population through 1977 did not find radiation-cancer mortality associations, and identical analyses using the shorter follow-up showed that associations with radiation did not appear until after 1977. The radiation-cancer dose response is 10 times higher than estimates from the follow-up of survivors of the bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki, Japan, but similar to one previous occupational study. Dose-response estimates are subject to uncertainties due to potential problems, including measurement of radiation doses and cancer outcomes. Longer-term follow-up of this and other populations with good measurement of protracted low-level exposures will be critical to evaluating the generalizability of the results reported herein

  15. Personal and Network Dynamics in Performance of Knowledge Workers: A Study of Australian Breast Radiologists.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Seyedamir Tavakoli Taba

    Full Text Available In this paper, we propose a theoretical model based upon previous studies about personal and social network dynamics of job performance. We provide empirical support for this model using real-world data within the context of the Australian radiology profession. An examination of radiologists' professional network topology through structural-positional and relational dimensions and radiologists' personal characteristics in terms of knowledge, experience and self-esteem is provided. Thirty one breast imaging radiologists completed a purpose designed questionnaire regarding their network characteristics and personal attributes. These radiologists also independently read a test set of 60 mammographic cases: 20 cases with cancer and 40 normal cases. A Jackknife free response operating characteristic (JAFROC method was used to measure the performance of the radiologists' in detecting breast cancers.Correlational analyses showed that reader performance was positively correlated with the social network variables of degree centrality and effective size, but negatively correlated with constraint and hierarchy. For personal characteristics, the number of mammograms read per year and self-esteem (self-evaluation positively correlated with reader performance. Hierarchical multiple regression analysis indicated that the combination of number of mammograms read per year and network's effective size, hierarchy and tie strength was the best fitting model, explaining 63.4% of the variance in reader performance. The results from this study indicate the positive relationship between reading high volumes of cases by radiologists and expertise development, but also strongly emphasise the association between effective social/professional interactions and informal knowledge sharing with high performance.

  16. A cross-sectional study of the knowledge and attitude of medical laboratory personnel regarding continuing professional development

    OpenAIRE

    Ekwempu Adaobi Ifeoma; Ede Folashade Rebecca; Ojo Oyekunle Ezekiel; Ofojekwu Mary-Jane; Essien Cosmas Uyime; Obiageri, Edeh N.; Adeshiyan Tola; Damen James

    2015-01-01

    Background: Continuing professional development (CPD) in Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS) is aimed at equipping laboratory professionals with the necessary skills to enhance practice. The laboratory scientists are usually the first contact between the patient and health care system in aspects of diagnosis and monitory of diseases. As such, it becomes imperative to assess the knowledge of laboratory personnel regarding CPD. Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distri...

  17. Innovation Study for Materials Science Laboratory Management, Supported by Knowledge Science Tools : Five Cross-Disciplinary Projects

    OpenAIRE

    Tsuruoka, Hiroyuki; Yoshinaga, Takashi; Nakamori, Yoshiteru

    2007-01-01

    It has become a topical and widely accepted argument that innovation is the key to revitalizing competitiveness of a country, company and university. As a graduate university having the School of Knowledge Science, and the School of Materials Science, we have organized to make “innovation studies” for Materials Science Laboratory, supported by Knowledge Science tools with collaboration of these two schools as 5 cross-disciplinary projects. Knowledge Science side has provided knowledge tools, ...

  18. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Jarošová, Milena

    2008-01-01

    Theoretical part: Basic terms of knowledge management, knowledge worker, knowledge creation and conversion process, prerequisites and benefits of knowledge management. Knowledge management and it's connection to organizational culture and structure, result measurements of knowledge management, learning organization and it's connection to knowledge management. Tacit knowledge management tools -- stories -- types, how to create, practical use, communities, coaching. Value Based Organization. Pr...

  19. Use of Chemical Pesticides in Ethiopia: A Cross-Sectional Comparative Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice of Farmers and Farm Workers in Three Farming Systems.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Negatu, Beyene; Kromhout, Hans; Mekonnen, Yalemtshay; Vermeulen, Roel

    2016-06-01

    Chemical pesticides, regardless of their inherent hazard, are used intensively in the fast changing agricultural sector of Ethiopia. We conducted a cross-sectional pesticide Knowledge, Attitude and Practice (KAP) survey among 601 farmers and farm workers (applicators and re-entry workers) in three farming systems [large-scale closed greenhouses (LSGH), large-scale open farms (LSOF), and small-scale irrigated farms (SSIF)]. Main observations were that 85% of workers did not attain any pesticide-related training, 81% were not aware of modern alternatives for chemical pesticides, 10% used a full set of personal protective equipment, and 62% did not usually bath or shower after work. Among applicators pesticide training attendance was highest in LSGH (35%) and was lowest in SSIF (4%). None of the female re-entry farm workers had received pesticide-related training. Personal protective equipment use was twice as high among pesticide applicators as among re-entry workers (13 versus 7%), while none of the small-scale farm workers used personal protection equipment. Stockpiling and burial of empty pesticide containers and discarding empty pesticide containers in farming fields were reported in both LSOF and by 75% of the farm workers in SSIF. Considerable increment in chemical pesticide usage intensity, illegitimate usages of DDT and Endosulfan on food crops and direct import of pesticides without the formal Ethiopian registration process were also indicated. These results point out a general lack of training and knowledge regarding the safe use of pesticides in all farming systems but especially among small-scale farmers. This in combination with the increase in chemical pesticide usage in the past decade likely results in occupational and environmental health risks. Improved KAP that account for institutional difference among various farming systems and enforcement of regulatory measures including the available occupational and environmental proclamations in Ethiopia are

  20. Healthcare workers and health care-associated infections: knowledge, attitudes, and behavior in emergency departments in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marinelli Paolo

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This survey assessed knowledge, attitudes, and compliance regarding standard precautions about health care-associated infections (HAIs and the associated determinants among healthcare workers (HCWs in emergency departments in Italy. Methods An anonymous questionnaire, self-administered by all HCWs in eight randomly selected non-academic acute general public hospitals, comprised questions on demographic and occupational characteristics; knowledge about the risks of acquiring and/or transmitting HAIs from/to a patient and standard precautions; attitudes toward guidelines and risk perceived of acquiring a HAI; practice of standard precautions; and sources of information. Results HCWs who know the risk of acquiring Hepatitis C (HCV and Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV from a patient were in practice from less years, worked fewer hours per week, knew that a HCW can transmit HCV and HIV to a patient, knew that HCV and HIV infections can be serious, and have received information from educational courses and scientific journals. Those who know that gloves, mask, protective eyewear, and hands hygiene after removing gloves are control measures were nurses, provided care to fewer patients, knew that HCWs' hands are vehicle for transmission of nosocomial pathogens, did not know that a HCW can transmit HCV and HIV to a patient, and have received information from educational courses and scientific journals. Being a nurse, knowing that HCWs' hands are vehicle for transmission of nosocomial pathogens, obtaining information from educational courses and scientific journals, and needing information were associated with a higher perceived risk of acquiring a HAI. HCWs who often or always used gloves and performed hands hygiene measures after removing gloves were nurses, provided care to fewer patients, and knew that hands hygiene after removing gloves was a control measure. Conclusions HCWs have high knowledge, positive attitudes, but low

  1. Knowledge, attitudes and anxiety towards influenza A/H1N1 vaccination of healthcare workers in Turkey

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanriverdi Derya

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background This study aimed to analyze the factors associated with knowledge and attitudes about influenza A (H1N1 and vaccination, and possible relations of these factors with anxiety among healthcare workers (HCW. Methods The study used a cross-sectional descriptive design, and it was carried out between 23 November and 4 December 2009. A total of 300 HCW from two hospitals completed a questionnaire. Data collection tools comprised a questionnaire and the State-Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI. Results Vaccination rate for 2009 pandemic influenza A(H1N1 among HCW was low (12.7%. Most of the respondents believed the vaccine was not safe and protective. Vaccination refusal was mostly related to the vaccine's side effects, disbelief to vaccine's protectiveness, negative news about the vaccine and the perceived negative attitude of the Prime Minister to the vaccine. State anxiety was found to be high in respondents who felt the vaccine was unsafe. Conclusions HCW considered the seriousness of the outbreak, their vaccination rate was low. In vaccination campaigns, governments have to aim at providing trust, and media campaigns should be used to reinforce this trust as well. Accurate reporting by the media of the safety and efficacy of influenza vaccines and the importance of vaccines for the public health would likely have a positive influence on vaccine uptake. Uncertain or negative reporting about the vaccine is detrimental to vaccination efforts.

  2. Knowledge and skills of primary health care workers trained on integrated management of neonatal and childhood illness: Follow-up assessment 3 years after the training

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    J Venkatachalam

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: The primary health care workers of a district in northern India were trained in the year 2006 for Integrated Management of Neonatal and Childhood Illness (IMNCI using two different training methods: conventional 8-day training and new interrupted 5-day training. Knowledge and skills may decline over a period of time. Rate of decline may be associated with the type of training. A study was thus conducted to see the retention of knowledge and skills in the two training groups, 3 years after the initial training. Materials and Methods: This study was done in the Panchkula district of Haryana state in northern India. In the year 2006, 50 primary health care workers were given new interrupted 5-day training and another 35 workers were given conventional 8-day training on IMNCI. Knowledge and skills of the same workers were evaluated in the year 2009, using the same methodology and tools as were used in the year 2006. Data analysis was done to see the extent of decline in knowledge and skills in these 3 years and whether decline was more in any particular training group. Results: Compared to post-training score in the year 2006, composite knowledge and skill scores for Auxilliary Nurse Midwives (ANMs and Anganwari workers (AWWs together declined significantly in the year 2009 from 74.6 to 58.0 in 8-day training group and from 73.2 to 57.0 in 5-day training group (P < 0.001. Follow-up composite scores in the two training groups were similar. Whereas the decline was more for knowledge scores in 8-day training group and for skill score in 5-day training group, the pattern of decline was inconsistent for different health conditions and among ANMs and AWWs. Conclusion: Long-term retention of knowledge and skills in 5-day group was equivalent to that in 8-day training group. Refresher trainings may boost up the decline in the knowledge and skills.

  3. The Role Biomedical Science Laboratories Can Play in Improving Science Knowledge and Promoting First-Year Nursing Academic Success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arneson, Pam

    2011-01-01

    The need for additional nursing and health care professionals is expected to increase dramatically over the next 20 years. With this in mind, students must have strong biomedical science knowledge to be competent in their field. Some studies have shown that participation in bioscience laboratories can enhance science knowledge. If this is true, an…

  4. Los Alamos national Laboratory overview of the SAVY-4000 design: meeting the challenge for worker safety

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Stone, Timothy Amos [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2012-06-12

    Incidents involving release of nuclear materials stored in containers of convenience such as food pack cans, slip lid taped cans, paint cans, etc. has resulted in defense board concerns over the lack of prescriptive performance requirements for interim storage of nuclear materials. Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) has shared in these incidents and in response proactively moved into developing a performance based storage container design, the SAVY-4000. The SAVY-4000 is the first vented general use nuclear material container demonstrated to meet the requirements of DOE M 441.1-1, Nuclear Material Packaging Manual. The SAVY-4000 is an innovative and creative design demonstrated by the fact that it can be opened and closed in a few seconds without torque wrenches or other tools; has a built-in, fire-rated filter that prevents the build-up of hydrogen gas, yet retains 99.97% of plutonium particulates, and prevents release of material even in a 12 foot drop. Finally, it has been tested to 500C for 2 hours, and will reduce the risk to the public in the event of an earthquake/fire scenario. This will allow major nuclear facilities to credit the container towards source term Material at Risk (MAR) reduction. The container was approved for nuclear material storage in theTA-55 Plutonium Facility on March 15, 2011, and the first order of 79 containers was received at LANL on March 21, 2011. The first four SAVY-4000 containers were packaged with plutonium on August 2, 2011. Key aspects ofthe SAVY-4000 vented storage container design will be discussed which include design qualification and testing, implementation plan development and status, risk ranking methodology for re-packaging, in use implementation with interface to LANMAS, surveillance strategy, the design life extension program as enhanced by surveillance activities and production status with the intent to extend well beyond the current five year design life.

  5. 试论管理知识型员工的领导技能%On Leadership in Management of Knowledge Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王冬梅

    2013-01-01

    This article discusses the literatrue about knowledge workers and the concept of leadership at home and abroad. Based on this, the skills of management has been reflected: to renovate the mananging methods by flexibly using Lee Iacocca’s theory; to study the characters of the knowledge workers and pay more attention to the researching results; to carry out real time management combined with the knowledge worker's psychology.%  文章回顾了知识型员工的概念和内涵,对管理和领导力的关系进行了辨析,在此基础上,讨论了管理知识型员工的领导技能:艾柯卡记分卡理论的灵活运用;基于员工特征的多样化管理风格;结合员工心理的实时管理。

  6. Interdisciplinary Laboratory Course Facilitating Knowledge Integration, Mutualistic Teaming, and Original Discovery.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Full, Robert J; Dudley, Robert; Koehl, M A R; Libby, Thomas; Schwab, Cheryl

    2015-11-01

    Experiencing the thrill of an original scientific discovery can be transformative to students unsure about becoming a scientist, yet few courses offer authentic research experiences. Increasingly, cutting-edge discoveries require an interdisciplinary approach not offered in current departmental-based courses. Here, we describe a one-semester, learning laboratory course on organismal biomechanics offered at our large research university that enables interdisciplinary teams of students from biology and engineering to grow intellectually, collaborate effectively, and make original discoveries. To attain this goal, we avoid traditional "cookbook" laboratories by training 20 students to use a dozen research stations. Teams of five students rotate to a new station each week where a professor, graduate student, and/or team member assists in the use of equipment, guides students through stages of critical thinking, encourages interdisciplinary collaboration, and moves them toward authentic discovery. Weekly discussion sections that involve the entire class offer exchange of discipline-specific knowledge, advice on experimental design, methods of collecting and analyzing data, a statistics primer, and best practices for writing and presenting scientific papers. The building of skills in concert with weekly guided inquiry facilitates original discovery via a final research project that can be presented at a national meeting or published in a scientific journal.

  7. Worker Safety and Health Issues Associated with the DOE Environmental Cleanup Program: Insights From the DOE Laboratory Directors' Environmental and Occupational/Public health Standards Steering Group

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) Laboratory Directors' Environmental and Occupational/Public Health Standards Steering Group (or ''SSG'') was formed in 1990. It was felt then that ''risk'' could be an organizing principle for environmental cleanup and that risk-based cleanup standards could rationalize clean up work. The environmental remediation process puts workers engaged in cleanup activities at risk from hazardous materials and from the more usual hazards associated with construction activities. In a real sense, the site remediation process involves the transfer of a hypothetical risk to the environment and the public from isolated contamination into real risks to the workers engaged in the remediation activities. Late in its existence the SSG, primarily motivated by its LANL representative, Dr. Harry Ettinger, actively investigated issues associated with worker health and safety during environmental remediation activities. This paper summarizes the insights noted by the SSG. Most continue to be pertinent today

  8. An Empirical Study on the Impacts of Knowledge-Worker's Individual Characteristics on Psychological Empowerment%知识型员工个体特征对心理授权影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    雷巧玲; 赵更申

    2009-01-01

    Based on a sample composed of 351 knowledge-workers, this paper analyzed the impacts of knowledge-worker's individual characteristics on psychological empowerment. It was found that gender, marriage, age, education, had significant correlations with psychological empowerment. These conclusions provided reference for corporation to effectively encourage knowledge-worker.%以351位知识型员工为样本,分析了知识型员工的个体特征对其心理授权的影响.结果表明,性别、婚姻、年龄及学历对心理授权都有显著影响.

  9. Knowledge, attitudes and practice of breast cancer screening among female health workers in a Nigerian urban city

    OpenAIRE

    Omuemu Vivian O; Akhigbe Adenike O

    2009-01-01

    Abstract Background Late presentation has been observed as the hallmark of breast cancer in Nigerian women and an earlier onset has been reported in this population. This study was designed to assess the awareness of female health workers about risk factors and screening methods for early detection of breast cancer. Methods A cross-sectional descriptive study was carried out among female health workers in the two major government health institutions in Benin City, Edo State capital in Nigeria...

  10. Knowledge Sharing is Knowledge Creation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Linda

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge sharing and knowledge transfer are important to knowledge communication. However when groups of knowledge workers engage in knowledge communication activities, it easily turns into mere mechanical information processing despite other ambitions. This article relates literature of knowledge...... reducing complexity and dividing knowledge into to dichotomies or hierarchies, knowledge workers should be enabled to use different strategies for knowledge sharing, -transfer and –creation depending on the task and the nature of the knowledge. However if the ambition is to have a strategy for sharing...

  11. The Research on Knowledge Workers Motivation in State- owned Enterprises%国有企业知识型员工激励机制研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吕微; 唐伟

    2012-01-01

    近年来,大多数国有企业对知识型员工的激励普遍存在着激励方式滞后、激励手段匮乏等问题,引起知识型员工的管理成本上升、知识型员工跳槽频繁等不良现象的产生。所以,对知识型员工进行有效激励,激发知识型员工的积极性,发挥知识型员工的潜力,成为了目前很多企业的重要任务。通过问卷调查,分析国有企业知识型员工的激励问题,根据KANO模型数据分析员工满意度,将企业知识型员工的激励对策分为急需改进的因素和有待进一步解决的因素。%recent years, the majority of enterprises have problems of backward motivation patterns and lack of incentive methods to knowledge workers, giving rise to undesirable phenomena as increase in administrative cost and frequent job - hopping of them. As a result, how can organizations proceed with effective incentive, give full play to knowledge workers'initiative and fulfill their potential becomes the top priority of many companies. The arti- cle investigates the knowledge - based employee incentive problems of state - owned enterprises, according to ques- tionnaires and KANO model data analysis, in order to measure employee satisfaction. The article divides enterprise knowledge workers incentive countermeasure into factors in urgent need of improvement and factors to be further solved, with a view to investigate the problem of incentive system of corporation .

  12. Knowledge, Attitude, and Practice of Voluntary Blood Donation among Healthcare Workers at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Benedict Nwogoh

    2013-01-01

    Full Text Available Introduction. Adequate and safe blood supply has remained a challenge in developing countries like ours. There is a high dependency on family replacement and remunerated blood donors in our environment which carries an attendant increased risk of transfusion transmissible infection. Objectives. The objectives of this study were to assess the knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation among healthcare workers (nonphysicians and to identify and recruit potential voluntary blood donors. Methodology. This was a cross-sectional descriptive study carried out at the University of Benin Teaching Hospital, Benin City. A total of 163 staffs were recruited. Pretest questionnaires were used to assess their knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary blood donation. Statistical Analysis. The responses were collated and analyzed with the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS 16. The association between blood donation practice and gender of respondents, category of staff, and level of education was tested using Chi-square and Fisher’s tests where appropriate. were considered statistically significant. Results. The median age of the respondents was 32 years (18–56 with females accounting for 55.6% (90. A total of 74.8% (122 attained tertiary education, and 55.8% (91 of respondents were senior staffs. The majority has good knowledge and positive attitude towards donation; however, only 22.1% (36 have donated blood with 41.7% (15 of these being voluntary. Male workers were more likely to donate (. There is no significant association between blood donation and level of education. Conclusion. There is a strong disparity between the knowledge, attitude, and practice of voluntary donation amongst healthcare workers.

  13. Sociology of scientific knowledge and science education part 2: Laboratory life under the microscope

    Science.gov (United States)

    Slezak, Peter

    1994-10-01

    This article is the second of two that examine some of the claims of contemporary sociology of scientific knowledge (SSK) and the bearing of these claims upon the rationale and practice of science teaching. In the present article the celebrated work Laboratory Life of Latour and Woolgar is critically examined. Its radical, iconoclastic view of science is shown to be not merely without foundation but an extravagant deconstructionist nihilism according to which all science is fiction and the world is said to be socially constructed by negotiation. On this view, the success of a theory is not due to its intellectual merits or explanatory plausibility but to the capacity of its proponents to “extract compliance” from others. If warranted, such views pose a revolutionary challenge to the entire Western tradition of science and the goals of science education which must be misguided and unrealizable in principle. Fortunately, there is little reason to take these views seriously, though their widespread popularity is cause for concern among science educators.

  14. Identification of Knowledge Gaps Regarding Healthcare Workers' Exposure to Antineoplastic Drugs: Review of Literature, North America versus Europe

    OpenAIRE

    Hon, Chun-Yip; Barzan, Cris; Astrakianakis, George

    2014-01-01

    We have been examining the issue of healthcare workers' exposure to antineoplastic drugs for nearly a decade and have observed that there appears to be more publications on the subject matter originating from Europe than from North America. The concern is that findings from Europe may not be generalizable to North America because of differences in handling practices, regulatory requirements, and training. Our objective was to perform a literature review to confirm our observation and, in turn...

  15. Who knows, who cares? Dementia knowledge among nurses, care workers, and family members of people living with dementia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Robinson, Andrew; Eccleston, Claire; Annear, Michael; Elliott, Kate-Ellen; Andrews, Sharon; Stirling, Christine; Ashby, Michael; Donohue, Catherine; Banks, Susan; Toye, Christine; McInerney, Fran

    2014-01-01

    The number of people with dementia is increasing rapidly worldwide. Commensurate with population ageing, the use of nursing homes in Australia (known as residential aged care facilities) for individuals with dementia is growing. As a terminal condition, dementia is best managed by instituting a palliative approach to care. A good knowledge of dementia, including its progression and management, among staff and families of people living with dementia is essential for clear decision making and the provision of appropriate care. Yet there is limited information regarding relative levels of dementia knowledge. This paper reports the results of a study that assessed dementia knowledge among these two cohorts using the Dementia Knowledge Assessment Tool; the study surveyed 279 staff members and 164 family members of residents with dementia. Dementia knowledge deficits were evident in both cohorts across a range of areas. It is critical that dementia knowledge deficits are identified and addressed in order to support evidence-based dementia care. PMID:25265739

  16. Knowledge and Attitude toward Smoke-Free Legislation and Second-Hand Smoking Exposure among Workers in Indoor Bars, Beer Parlors and Discotheques in Osun State of Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Olanrewaju Olusola Onigbogi

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Background One of the requirements of the Osun State smoke-free legislation is to ensure smoke-free enclosed and partially enclosed workplaces. This survey was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitude of workers in indoor bars, beer parlors and discotheques to smoke-free legislation in general and the Osun State smoke-free law in particular. Methods A convenience sampling of 36 hospitality centers was conducted. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to elicit responses about the objectives from non-smoking workers. The questionnaires had sections on knowledge of the Osun State smoke-free law, attitude toward the law and smoke-free legislation in general and exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke by the workers. Questions were also asked about the secondhand tobacco smoking status of these workers. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Results We had 154 participants recruited into the study. There were 75 males (48.0% and 79 females (52.0%. On the overall, respondents had a good knowledge of the effects of second-hand smoke on health (70.2% with 75.0% of them being aware of the general smoke-free law and 67.3% being aware of the Osun State smoke-free law although none of them had ever seen a copy of the law. A high proportion (60.0% was in support of the Osun smoke-free law although all of them think that the implementation of the law could reduce patronage and jeopardize their income. Attitude toward second-hand smoking was generally positive with 72.0% of them having no tolerance for second-hand tobacco smoke in their homes. Most participants (95.5% had been exposed to tobacco smoke in the workplace within the past week. Conclusion Despite the high level of awareness of the respondents about the dangers of second hand smoke and their positive attitude to smoke-free laws, nearly all were constantly being exposed to second hand smoke at work. This calls for policy level interventions to improve the implementation of

  17. Knowledge and attitude toward smoke-free legislation and second-hand smoking exposure among workers in indoor bars, beer parlors and discotheques in Osun State of Nigeria

    Science.gov (United States)

    Onigbogi, Olanrewaju Olusola; Odukoya, Oluwakemi; Onigbogi, Modupe; Sekoni, Oluwakemi

    2015-01-01

    Background: One of the requirements of the Osun State smoke-free legislation is to ensure smoke-free enclosed and partially enclosed workplaces. This survey was conducted to assess the knowledge and attitude of workers in indoor bars, beer parlors and discotheques to smoke-free legislation in general and the Osun State smoke-free law in particular. Methods: A convenience sampling of 36 hospitality centers was conducted. Interviewer-administered questionnaires were used to elicit responses about the objectives from non-smoking workers. The questionnaires had sections on knowledge of the Osun State smoke-free law, attitude toward the law and smoke-free legislation in general and exposure to second-hand tobacco smoke by the workers. Questions were also asked about the second-hand tobacco smoking status of these workers. The data were analyzed using SPSS version 15.0. Results: We had 154 participants recruited into the study. There were 75 males (48.0%) and 79 females (52.0%). On the overall, respondents had a good knowledge of the effects of second-hand smoke on health (70.2%) with 75.0% of them being aware of the general smoke-free law and 67.3% being aware of the Osun State smoke-free law although none of them had ever seen a copy of the law. A high proportion (60.0%) was in support of the Osun smoke-free law although all of them think that the implementation of the law could reduce patronage and jeopardize their income. Attitude toward second-hand smoking was generally positive with 72.0% of them having no tolerance for second-hand tobacco smoke in their homes. Most participants (95.5%) had been exposed to tobacco smoke in the workplace within the past week. Conclusion: Despite the high level of awareness of the respondents about the dangers of second hand smoke and their positive attitude to smoke-free laws, nearly all were constantly being exposed to second hand smoke at work. This calls for policy level interventions to improve the implementation of the smoke

  18. HIV/AIDS risk among brothel-based female sex workers in China: Assessing the terms, content, and knowledge of sex work

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Huang,YY; Henderson,GE; Pan,SM; Cohen,MS

    2005-01-01

    Background: Sexual transmission of HIV in China is rapidly increasing, in part driven by commercial sex work. Goal: This article examines variations in occupational control among one type of brothel-based prostitutes in China, and the relationship between the terms and content of this work and the risk of HIV/AIDS. Organizational factors, are discussed as part of the current political, economic, and social context of sex work in China. Study: The analysis is based on ethnographic observation and in-depth interviews conducted in south China in 2000 and 2001 involving 158 female prostitutes from 45 brothels in 4 red light districts. Qualitative analysis of interview and observational data used development of thematic codes measuring occupational control. Results: Brothel-based female sex workers in China are a heterogeneous population, displaying considerable variability in the organization of life and work, relationships with managers and clients, ability to negotiate condom use, knowledge of sexually transmitted diseases and HIV, and occupational identity, all of which may result in different risks of acquiring HIV. Conclusion: HIV prevention activities in China must focus on sociocultural aspects of sex work. Such interventions depend on detailed knowledge of its organization. The results of this study demonstrate the importance of prevention activities directed at the brothel managers and clients, as well as the sex workers.

  19. [Preparedness for influenza A/H5N1 pandemic in Niger: a study on health care workers' knowledge and global organization of health activities].

    Science.gov (United States)

    d'Alessandro, E; Soula, G; Jaffré, Y; Gourouza, B; Adehossi, E; Delmont, J

    2012-02-01

    In industrialized countries, the emergence of potentially pandemic influenza virus has invited reactions consistent with the potential threat represented by these infectious agents. However, with globalization, controlling epidemics depends as much on an effective global coordination of control methods as on preparedness of northern and southern national health care systems, at the core of which are health care workers. Our study was conducted in the National Hospital of Niamey, the main Nigerian hospital. Its objective was to evaluate the knowledge of health care professionals regarding flu pandemic and control of infection. We interviewed 178 nursing staff, doctors and paramedics on the basis of a survey. This study - the first to our knowledge to explore these issues in the African context-revealed that caregivers have a rather good mastery of theoretical knowledge. Nevertheless, beyond theoretical knowledge, miscellaneous factors compromise the effectiveness of the health care structure. Some of them seem to occupy a critical position, particularly the absence of shared references among sanitary authorities and health care professionals, and the weaknesses of global coordination of preventive activities and case management.

  20. Knowledge and beliefs among health care workers regarding hepatitis B infection and needle stick injuries at a tertiary care hospital, Karachi

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a recognized occupational risk for health care workers (HCWs). This study aimed to assess the knowledge and beliefs of HCWs regarding HBV transmission and needle stick injuries (NSIs). A cross-sectional questionnaire based KAP study was conducted at Civil Hospital, Karachi, during the period of January to September 2006. HCWs were inquired about possible modes of HBV transmission and association with NSIs. Data were entered using EpiInfo 6.04d software. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 12.5 software. A total of 343 HCWs participated, and those answered at least 5 correct modes of HBV transmission were considered knowledgeable. Knowledgeable group was more likely to report NSIs (p < 0.006), more vaccinated (p < 0.001) and were also more likely to attend awareness session (p < 0.009). Overall knowledge were inadequate and behaviour and attitude towards clinical practices were found compromised. To reduce the occupational risk, effort should be focused to establish effective infection control program and training of staff. (author)

  1. Knowledge and beliefs among health care workers regarding hepatitis B infection and needle stick injuries at a tertiary care hospital, karachi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Habib, Faiza; Khan, Durreshahwar K; Shan-E-Abbas; Bhatti, Faiza; Zafar, Afia

    2011-05-01

    Hepatitis B virus (HBV) infection is a recognized occupational risk for health care workers (HCWs). This study aimed to assess the knowledge and beliefs of HCWs regarding HBV transmission and needle stick injuries (NSIs). A cross-sectional questionnaire based KAP study was conducted at Civil Hospital, Karachi, during the period of January to September 2006. HCWs were inquired about possible modes of HBV transmission and association with NSIs. Data were entered using EpiInfo 6.04d software. Statistical analysis was performed using SPSS 12.5 software. A total of 343 HCWs participated, and those answered at least 5 correct modes of HBV transmission were considered knowledgeable. Knowledgeable group was more likely to report NSIs (p < 0.006), more vaccinated (p < 0.001) and were also more likely to attend awareness session (p < 0.009). Overall knowledge were inadequate and behaviour and attitude towards clinical practices were found compromised. To reduce the occupational risk, effort should be focused to establish effective infection control program and training of staff. PMID:21575529

  2. Does community emergency care initiative improve the knowledge and skill of healthcare workers and laypersons in basic emergency care in India?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sanjeev Bhoi

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Due to lack of training in emergency care, basic emergency care in India is still in its infancy. We designed All India Institute of Medical Sciences basic emergency care course (AIIMS BECC to address the issue. Aim: To improve the knowledge and skill of healthcare workers and laypersons in basic emergency care and to identify impact of the course. Materials and Methods: Prospective study conducted over a period of 4 years. The target groups were medical and nonmedical personnel. Provider AIIMS BECC is of 1 day duration including lectures on cardio-pulmonary resuscitation, choking, and special scenarios. Course was disseminated via lectures, audio-visual aids, and mannequin training. For analysis, the participants were categorized on the basis of their education and profession. A pre- and a post-course evaluation were done and individual scores were given out of 20 and compared among all the groups and P value was calculated. Results: A total of 1283 subjects were trained. 99.81% became providers and 2.0% were trained as instructors. There was a significant improvement in knowledge among all the participants irrespective of their education level including medicos/nonmedicos. However, participants who had higher education (graduates and postgraduates and/or belonged to medical field had better knowledge gain as compared to those who had low level of education (≤12th standard and were nonmedicos. Conclusion: BECC is an excellent community initiative to improve knowledge and skill of healthcare and laypersons in providing basic emergency care.

  3. Discussion of Migrant Workers Knowledge of Health Education%农民工性知识健康教育方式的探讨

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    覃伟英; 黄锦屏

    2013-01-01

    Objective:To survey the sexual knowledge and sex education needs and explore the way of sex education of the migrant workers. Methods:Issued a questionnaire included knowledge about sex and sex education needs to 500 male migrant workers.Results:(1)About 67.8% and 60.9% of the people had some understanding of the structure of male and female reproductive systems;About 32.5% of the people wish to understanding their own structure,while 18.6% of the opposite sex.(2)About 34.3% of the people to understand the sexual knowledge were communicate with friends.(3)Most willing to work together with friends to discuss sexual knowledge was 52.4%.(4)About 31.4% of the migrant workers feel scared and overwhelmed to their nocturnal emission or menstrual.(5)About 58.6% of the people did not know that impotence is a sexually transmitted disease,54.7% of the people on the use of condoms scanty;35.5% did not know the proper use of condoms can reduce the spread of AIDS.(6)About 34.3% of people in favor of pre-marital cohabitation.(7)About 71.9% of the people think that it was necessary to set up sexual lectures.Conclusion:The migrant workers’knowledge of sexual health awareness is low,enhancing the knowledge of sexual health of migrant workers is an important part of the health of the population.%  目的:调查农民工性知识及性教育需求情况,探讨在农民工中开展性知识教育的方式。方法:对500名男性农民工发放调查问卷,问卷包括性知识和性教育需求方面内容。结果:(1)关于对生殖系统的了解,分别有67.8%和60.9%的人对男性和女性生殖系统构造稍有了解;在了解意愿方面,对自身的了解以非常想的有32.5%,而对异性的了解有18.6%。(2)对性知识了解的途径主要是与朋友交流为34.3%。(3)最愿意与朋友一同讨论性知识为52.4%。(4)关于性生理现象,31.4%的人对自己遗精或月经感到害怕和不知所措。(5)关于性病知识,58.6%的人

  4. IMPACT OF EDUCATIONAL INTERVENTION ON THE KNOWLEDGE OF BIO-MEDICAL WASTE MANAGEMENT AMONG HEALTH CARE WORKERS IN A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL AT BAGALKOT CITY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mannapur

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: The waste generated from medical activities can be hazardous, toxic and even lethal because of their high potential for diseases transmission and injury that also results in environmental degradation. An adequate and appropriate knowledge of health care waste management among the health care workers is the first step towards developing favourable attitude and practices thereby ensuring safe disposal of hazardous hospital waste. OBJECTIVES: To determine the knowledge regarding the bio-medical waste management among health care workers. To evaluate the effect of the intervention program given to health care workers. METHODS: TYPE OF STUDY: A cross-sectional study. STUDY PERIOD: May-December 2013. STUDY SETTING & STUDY SUBJECTS: The present study was conducted at S. Nijalingappa Medical College and HSK Hospital & Research center in Bagalkot city among paramedical workers which includes all the nursing staff and lab-technicians of the hospital (n =122. An identical pre and post-training questionnaire was designed which is pre-tested & structured and given to the above mentioned paramedical staff before and after the training session. The study variables include general information and questions regarding the knowledge about the health hazards, segregation, storage, personal protective devices, prophylactic vaccination, treatment, disposal and the rule of bio-medical waste management. A series of training sessions were conducted by trained community medicine staff along with PGs and training included knowledge about all aspects of biomedical waste with power point presentation and demonstration. STATISTICAL ANALYSIS: The data was tabulated by using Microsoft Excel 2010 and analyzed by using Openepi software and chi-square test was used. RESULTS: Among 122 participants, 94 (77.05% were males and 28 (22.95% were females. Most of them 94 (77.05% belongs to the age group of 20-29yrs and 24 (19.67% to the age group of 30-39 years. Majority i

  5. Assessment of HIV Knowledge in Correctional Facility Health Care Workers: A Pilot Study of an Educational Intervention.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoang, Holly L; Khan, Muhammad Naeem; Berger, Sara; Moreau, Danusia; Nickel, Pamela; Woods, Dan; Jaipaul, Joy; Pyne, Diane; Moreland, Barbara; Singh, Ameeta; Ahmed, Rabia

    2016-07-01

    HIV rates are disproportionately higher in the incarcerated compared to the general population. Unfortunately, HIV sero-positive inmates report perceived discrimination and missed antiretroviral doses. Correctional facility nursing competency in HIV management may mitigate these concerns. Using validated knowledge instruments, the authors measured baseline HIV knowledge in correctional facility nurses from 3 correctional facilities in Alberta, Canada, and quantified changes after a targeted educational workshop. Basic HIV knowledge increased significantly, whereas perceived need for further HIV education significantly decreased postintervention. This study demonstrates that correctional facility nurses may not receive ideal HIV education during employment and that targeted HIV workshops can significantly increase knowledge and confidence when caring for affected individuals. PMID:26316522

  6. Older workers

    OpenAIRE

    Ybema, J.F.; Giesen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Due to an ageing population and global economic competition, there is a societal need for people to extend their working lives while maintaining high work productivity. This article presents an overview of the labour participation, job performance, and job characteristics of older workers in the European Union. The way in which several factors, including health, working conditions, skills and knowledge, and social and financial factors influence sustainable employability and the early retirem...

  7. Healthcare workers and prevention of hepatitis C virus transmission: exploring knowledge, attitudes and evidence-based practices in hemodialysis units in Italy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bianco Aida

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Evidence exists regarding the full prevention of HCV transmission to hemodialysis patients by implementing universal precaution. However, little information is available regarding the frequency with which hospitals have adopted evidence-based practices for preventing HCV infection among hemodialysis patients. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted among nurses in Calabria region (Italy in order to acquire information about the level of knowledge, the attitudes and the frequencies of evidence-based practices that prevent hospital transmission of HCV. Methods All 37 hemodialysis units (HDU of Calabria were included in the study and all nurses were invited to participate in the study and to fill in a self-administered questionnaire. Results 90% of the nurses working in HDU participated in the study. Correct answers about HCV pattern of transmission ranged from 73.7% to 99.3% and were significantly higher in respondents who knew that isolation of HCV-infected patients is not recommended and among those who knew that previous bloodstream infections should be included in medical record and among nurses with fewer years of practice. Most correctly thought that evidence-based infection control measures provide adequate protection against transmission of bloodborne pathogens among healthcare workers. Positive attitude was significantly higher among more knowledgeable nurses. Self-reporting of appropriate handwashing procedures were significantly more likely in nurses who were aware that transmission of bloodborne pathogens among healthcare workers may be prevented through adoption of evidence-based practices and with a correct knowledge about HCV transmission patterns. Conclusions Behavior changes should be aimed at abandoning outdated practices and adopting and maintaining evidence-based practices. Initiatives focused at enabling and reinforcing adherence to effective prevention practices among nurses in HDU are strongly needed.

  8. Noise-Induced Hearing Loss Among Quarry Workers in a North-Eastern State of Malaysia: A Study on Knowledge, Attitude and Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ahmad Filza Ismail

    2013-09-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Noise is known to be one of the environmental and occupational hazards listed in the Factory and Machinery Act 1967. Quarries with loud deafening sounds from trucks and machineries pose the risk of noise-induced hearing loss to workers. This study was designed to assess the knowledge, attitude and practice towards noise-induced hearing loss and to determine the prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss and its associated factors among quarry workers in a north-eastern state of Malaysia.Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at six quarries in a north-eastern state of Malaysia, with 97 consented respondents who answered a validated version of a questionnaire and underwent pure tone audiogram. The respondents were male, aged between 18 to 50 years, working in the quarry area for at least 6-months duration with no family history of ear diseases.Results: The mean percentage scores of knowledge, attitude and practice were 44 (11, 70 (10 and 28 (16 percent, respectively. The prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss was found to be 57 (95% CI: 47, 67 with 46 (84% having mild and moderate noise-induced hearing loss, and 34 (62% involved both ears. Multiple logistic regressions showed that age and practice score were the associated factors with odd ratios of 1.1 (95% CI: 1.1, 1.2; p<0.001 and 0.9 (95% CI: 0.8, 1.0; p=0.008, respectively.Conclusion: The knowledge, attitude and practice scores of the respondents were poor and the high prevalence of noise-induced hearing loss was contributed by factors such as poor practice and old age.

  9. Knowledges

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Berling, Trine Villumsen

    2012-01-01

    Scientific knowledge in international relations has generally focused on an epistemological distinction between rationalism and reflectivism over the last 25 years. This chapter argues that this distinction has created a double distinction between theory/reality and theory/practice, which works...... as a ghost distinction structuring IR research. While reflectivist studies have emphasised the impossibility of detached, objective knowledge production through a dissolution of the theory/reality distinction, the theory/practice distinction has been left largely untouched by both rationalism...... and reflectivism. Bourdieu, on the contrary, lets the challenge to the theory/reality distinction spill over into a challenge to the theory/practice distinction by thrusting the scientist in the foreground as not just a factor (discourse/genre) but as an actor. In this way, studies of IR need to include a focus...

  10. Professionalising the asphalt construction process: aligning information technologies, operators' knowledge and laboratory practices

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Bijleveld, Frank Roland

    2015-01-01

    This research addresses the need to professionalise the asphalt construction process. A distinctive action research strategy is designed and carried out to progressively improve operational strategies of asphalt teams from technological, human (operator) and laboratory perspectives. Using informatio

  11. To Enhance Collaborative Learning and Practice Network Knowledge with a Virtualization Laboratory and Online Synchronous Discussion

    OpenAIRE

    Wu-Yuin Hwang; Chaknarin Kongcharoen; Gheorghita Ghinea

    2014-01-01

    Recently, various computer networking courses have included additional laboratory classes in order to enhance students' learning achievement. However, these classes need to establish a suitable laboratory where each student can connect network devices to configure and test functions within different network topologies. In this case, the Linux operating system can be used to operate network devices and the virtualization technique can include multiple OSs for supporting a significant number of...

  12. To Enhance Collaborative Learning and Practice Network Knowledge with a Virtualization Laboratory and Online Synchronous Discussion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wu-Yuin Hwang

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Recently, various computer networking courses have included additional laboratory classes in order to enhance students’ learning achievement. However, these classes need to establish a suitable laboratory where each student can connect network devices to configure and test functions within different network topologies. In this case, the Linux operating system can be used to operate network devices and the virtualization technique can include multiple OSs for supporting a significant number of students. In previous research, the virtualization application was successfully applied in a laboratory, but focused only on individual assignments. The present study extends previous research by designing the Networking Virtualization-Based Laboratory (NVBLab, which requires collaborative learning among the experimental students. The students were divided into an experimental group and a control group for the experiment. The experimental group performed their laboratory assignments using NVBLab, whereas the control group completed them on virtual machines (VMs that were installed on their personal computers. Moreover, students using NVBLab were provided with an online synchronous discussion (OSD feature that enabled them to communicate with others. The laboratory assignments were divided into two parts: Basic Labs and Advanced Labs. The results show that the experimental group significantly outperformed the control group in two Advanced Labs and the post-test after Advanced Labs. Furthermore, the experimental group’s activities were better than those of the control group based on the total average of the command count per laboratory. Finally, the findings of the interviews and questionnaires with the experimental group reveal that NVBLab was helpful during and after laboratory class.

  13. Community knowledge and attitudes and health workers' practices regarding non-malaria febrile illnesses in eastern Tanzania.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Beatrice Chipwaza

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available INTRODUCTION: Although malaria has been the leading cause of fever for many years, with improved control regimes malaria transmission, morbidity and mortality have decreased. Recent studies have increasingly demonstrated the importance of non-malaria fevers, which have significantly improved our understanding of etiologies of febrile illnesses. A number of non-malaria febrile illnesses including Rift Valley Fever, dengue fever, Chikungunya virus infection, leptospirosis, tick-borne relapsing fever and Q-fever have been reported in Tanzania. This study aimed at assessing the awareness of communities and practices of health workers on non-malaria febrile illnesses. METHODS: Twelve focus group discussions with members of communities and 14 in-depth interviews with health workers were conducted in Kilosa district, Tanzania. Transcripts were coded into different groups using MaxQDA software and analyzed through thematic content analysis. RESULTS: The study revealed that the awareness of the study participants on non-malaria febrile illnesses was low and many community members believed that most instances of fever are due to malaria. In addition, the majority had inappropriate beliefs about the possible causes of fever. In most cases, non-malaria febrile illnesses were considered following a negative Malaria Rapid Diagnostic Test (mRDT result or persistent fevers after completion of anti-malaria dosage. Therefore, in the absence of mRDTs, there is over diagnosis of malaria and under diagnosis of non-malaria illnesses. Shortages of diagnostic facilities for febrile illnesses including mRDTs were repeatedly reported as a major barrier to proper diagnosis and treatment of febrile patients. CONCLUSION: Our results emphasize the need for creating community awareness on other causes of fever apart from malaria. Based on our study, appropriate treatment of febrile patients will require inputs geared towards strengthening of diagnostic facilities, drugs

  14. Designing eLearning courses to meet the digital literacy needs of healthcare workers in lower- and middle-income countries: Experiences from the Knowledge for Health Project

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rupali J. Limaye

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Traditional conceptualizations of knowledge management fail to incorporate the social aspects in which knowledge management work operates. Social knowledge management places people at the center of all knowledge management, including placing the end user at the center when developing eLearning packages, particularly within the context of digital health literacy. As many health professionals working in lower-resource settings face the digital divide, or experience unequal patterns of access and usage capabilities from computer-based information and communication technologies (ICTs, ensuring that eLearning packages are tailored for their specific needs is critical. Grounded in our conceptualization of social knowledge management, we outline two of our experiences with developing eLearning packages for health professionals working primarily in lower- and middle-income countries. The Global Health eLearning Center provides eLearning courses to health professionals primarily working in the lower- and middle-income country context. The courses have robust and exhaustive mechanisms in place to ensure that issues related to digital health literacy are not barriers to taking the courses and subsequently, applying the course material in practice. In Bangladesh, we developed a digital health package for frontline community fieldworkers that was loaded on netbook computers. To develop this package, community fieldworkers were provided support during the implementation phase to ensure that they were able to use the netbooks correctly with their clients. As new digital technologies proliferate, guaranteeing that global health workers have the prerequisite skills to utilize and apply digital health tools is essential for improving health care.

  15. Knowledge transfer in the “medical tourism” industry: The role of transnational migrant patients and health workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ormond, M.E.

    2016-01-01

    Tapping into migrants’ diverse tacit healthcare knowledge can bring a range of stakeholders in countries of origin great insight, at both macro and micro levels, not only into how to improve on local healthcare delivery but also how to effectively respond to the needs and interests of ‘medical touri

  16. Knowledge about childhood autism and opinion among healthcare workers on availability of facilities and law caring for the needs and rights of children with childhood autism and other developmental disorders in Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Igwe Monday N

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background In designing programs to raise the community level of awareness about childhood autism in sub-Saharan Africa, it is logical to use the primary healthcare workers as contact point for education of the general public. Tertiary healthcare workers could play the role of trainers on childhood autism at primary healthcare level. Assessing their baseline knowledge about childhood autism to detect areas of knowledge gap is an essential ingredient in starting off such programs that would be aimed at early diagnosis and interventions. Knowledge of the healthcare workers on availability of facilities and law that would promote the required interventions is also important. This study assessed the baseline knowledge about childhood autism and opinion among Nigerian healthcare workers on availability of facilities and law caring for the needs and rights of children with childhood autism and other developmental disorders. Method A total of one hundred and thirty four (134 consented healthcare workers working in tertiary healthcare facilities located in south east and south-south regions of Nigeria were interviewed with Socio-demographic, Knowledge about Childhood Autism among Health Workers (KCAHW and Opinion on availability of Facilities and Law caring for the needs and rights of children with Childhood Autism and other developmental disorders (OFLCA questionnaires. Results The total mean score of participated healthcare workers on KCAHW questionnaire was 12.35 ± 4.40 out of a total score of 19 possible. Knowledge gap was found to be higher in domain 3 (symptoms of obsessive and repetitive pattern of behavior, followed by domains 1 (symptoms of impairments in social interaction, 4 (type of disorder autism is and associated co-morbidity and 2 (symptoms of communication impairments of KCAHW respectively among the healthcare workers. Knowledge about childhood autism (KCA as measured by scores on KCAHW questionnaire was significantly

  17. Bitumen fumes: review of work on the potential risk to workers and the present knowledge on its origin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Binet, S; Pfohl-Leszkowicz, A; Brandt, H; Lafontaine, M; Castegnaro, M

    2002-12-01

    Bitumens fumes contain polycyclic aromatic compounds (PAC). There is a possibility of long-term health effects following chronic exposure by inhalation or skin contamination in asphalt road pavers and highway maintenance workers. Epidemiological and experimental studies on this topic are reviewed and the possible causes of cancer discussed with a primary focus on heterocyclic polyaromatic compounds. In 2001, the results of the IARC epidemiological study confirmed an excess of lung cancer despite a lower cancer mortality. In vitro genotoxicity and mechanistic studies demonstrated a mutagenic effect of bitumen fume condensates (BFC) and some data suggested that the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAH) analysed were not the major genotoxic compounds in bitumen fume condensates. Other compounds such as nitrogen-, sulfur- and/or oxygen-containing PAH or their alkyl substituted analogues, mutagenic in the Ames mutation assay, may be involved in the genotoxic effect of BFC. After skin painting with BFC, DNA adducts were found in skin, lung and lymphocytes of all the treated animals. Differences in the adduct patterns were also observed, but a more polar adduct was common to the three tissues and not observed in those from rats treated with coal-tar fume condensates (CTFC). Rat inhalation experiments with bitumen fumes confirmed the presence of a DNA-adduct in the lungs with the same Rf as the previous polar adduct. This adduct therefore merits further investigation as a potential biomarker in lymphocyte DNA to follow exposed workers. All the analytical data and the mechanistic data are complementary and suggest the potential role of thiophenes in the genotoxicity of bitumen fumes. Some thiophenes have lower mutagenic activity than their isosteric PAH, whereas others are very potent carcinogens. Generally, the sulfur analogues of PAH (SPAH) in bitumen fumes have a higher concentration than the PAH of similar molecular weight, whereas the SPAH in coal-tar fumes have a

  18. Laboratory of alternative energies and hydrogen in ESPOL. Coupling needs and knowledge

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mendieta, E. [Escuela Superior Politecnica del Litoral, Campus Gustavo Galindo, Guayaquil (Ecuador)

    2009-07-01

    The Ecuadorian problems with electricity and oil for the near future are shortly assessed in this paper. The main Ecuadorian universities contribution towards a real solution is also mentioned here. Projected Knowledge Park of ESPOL (PARCON) and its 7 integrated research centers is presented briefly. The integration of multidisciplinary research being developed in ESPOL is one foundation for this Knowledge Park. The results of previous researches like the Hydrogen project will be used to set the first stage database for future R and D initiatives. The University of Applied Science of Stralsund is one formal partner for ESPOL in Alternative Energies and Hydrogen utilization. (orig.)

  19. A cross-sectional study of the knowledge and attitude of medical laboratory personnel regarding continuing professional development

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ekwempu Adaobi Ifeoma

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available Background: Continuing professional development (CPD in Medical Laboratory Scientists (MLS is aimed at equipping laboratory professionals with the necessary skills to enhance practice. The laboratory scientists are usually the first contact between the patient and health care system in aspects of diagnosis and monitory of diseases. As such, it becomes imperative to assess the knowledge of laboratory personnel regarding CPD. Materials and Methods: Self-administered questionnaires were distributed to 200 laboratory personnel's attending the maiden CPD workshop organized by the Association of MLS in Jos the Plateau state capital. Results: One hundred and thirty-five (82 males and 53 females of the 200 administered questionnaires were returned. Only 32 of them (23.7% attended CPD program in the last 1 year with 10 (7.5% engaging in online CPD. Five (3.7% of the respondents had the privilege to attend an international CPD. Majority (95.2% of the respondents identified CPD as an essential component of professional career development. Lack of sponsorship was identified as a major setback in CPD efficiency by 93.8% of respondents. About 58 (46.4% noted that poor attendance in CPD workshops was due to unavailability of policy guideline for CPD. One hundred and twenty (95.2% of respondents had an aim of improving their skills after attending CPD workshops. Conclusion: The overall attitude of Nigerian MLS toward attending CPD workshop is poor; however, the knowledge regarding the importance of CPD is adequate. There exists a gap between sponsorship for CPD by various institutions and MLS.

  20. Strategies and Methods to Enhance Enterprise Knowledge Workers' Loyalty%浅谈提升企业知识型员工忠诚度的对策与方法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白洁

    2014-01-01

    On the basis of analyzing the characteristics of knowledge workers and factors affecting knowledge worker's loyalty, this paper forms systematic human resource planning from staff recruitment and scientific configuration, and proposes specific measures and methods from four aspects.%本文在分析知识型员工特征、影响知识型员工忠诚度因素的基础上,从员工招聘与配置科学化,形成系统的人力资源规划,并从四个方面提出具体的对策与方法。

  1. Community knowledge and the role of health extension workers on integrated diseases among households in East Hararghe Zone, Ethiopia

    OpenAIRE

    Seyoum, Ayichew

    2016-01-01

    Ayichew Seyoum,1 Kedir Urgessa,1 Tesfaye Gobena2 1Department of Medical Laboratory Sciences, 2Department of Environmental Health Sciences, College of Health and Medical Sciences, Haramaya University, Harar, Ethiopia Background: Ethiopia constitutes approximately 1% of the world’s population but it contributes to 7% of the world’s HIV/AIDS cases. Malaria is the most important disease of humans in terms of mortality, morbidity, and long-term effects upon quality of life, esp...

  2. Child Development Laboratory Schools as Generators of Knowledge in Early Childhood Education: New Models and Approaches

    Science.gov (United States)

    McBride, Brent A.; Groves, Melissa; Barbour, Nancy; Horm, Diane; Stremmel, Andrew; Lash, Martha; Bersani, Carol; Ratekin, Cynthia; Moran, James; Elicker, James; Toussaint, Susan

    2012-01-01

    Research Findings: University-based child development laboratory programs have a long and rich history of supporting teaching, research, and outreach activities in the child development/early childhood education fields. Although these programs were originally developed in order to conduct research on children and families to inform policy and…

  3. Present knowledge about Laboratory Testing of Axial Loading on Suction Caissons

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Manzotti, E.; Vaitkunaite, Evelina; Ibsen, Lars Bo

    on the structure is resisted by push-pull loads on the vertical axis of each suction caisson. Relevant works where this situation is examined by means of laboratory testing are summarized in this article, then different conclusions are followed by discussion and comparison. In the initial theoretical section...

  4. Professionalising the asphalt construction process: aligning information technologies, operators' knowledge and laboratory practices

    OpenAIRE

    Bijleveld, Frank Roland

    2015-01-01

    This research addresses the need to professionalise the asphalt construction process. A distinctive action research strategy is designed and carried out to progressively improve operational strategies of asphalt teams from technological, human (operator) and laboratory perspectives. Using information technologies, such as GPS, a laser-linescanner, and infrared cameras, the on-site construction process in made explicit. More than thirty asphalt construction projects are systematically monitore...

  5. Analysis of the Necessity of Knowledge Assistance of Public Libraries to Children of Migrant Workers%公共图书馆对农民工子女进行知识援助的必要性分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张腾跃

    2012-01-01

    随着社会的发展,农民工为城市建设做出了突出贡献,然而农民工及其子女却是被忽略的群体,作为服务机构的公共图书馆应对农民工流动子女实施知识援助,以求真正地改善农民工流动子女的教育环境。%With the development of the society, migrant workers have made outstanding contribution to city construction. But migrant workers and their children are still neglected groups. Public libraries, as Serviceorganizations, should provide knowledge assistance to children of migrant workers so as to improve the education environment of children of migrant workers.

  6. The relationship between performance-based self-esteem and self-reported work and health behaviors among Danish knowledge workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Persson, Roger; Albertsen, Karen; Garde, Anne Helene; Rugulies, Reiner

    2012-02-01

    Since knowledge intensive work often requires self-management, one might fear that persons who are dependent on work success for self-esteem will have difficulties in finding a healthful and sustainable balance between internal needs and external demands. Accordingly, we examined to what degree work-related performance-based self-esteem (PBS) was linked to work and health behaviors in 392 knowledge workers (226 women, 166 men). In the women group, multiple binary logistic regression analyses with repeated measurements showed that the PBS score was associated with 10 of the 17 examined work and health behaviors. For men the corresponding figure was 3 of 17. In both men and women, higher PBS scores were positively associated with reports of efforts and strivings for work as well as attending work while ill. In conclusion, statistically significant relationships between PBS and work and health behaviors were more clearly visible among women than men. Whether this gender difference is dependent on the study design, or on true inherent differences between women and men, cannot be concluded with any certainty. However, persons who described themselves as being relatively more dependent on work accomplishments for a high self-esteem, as expressed by the PBS score, seem to display work behaviors that may lessen their restitution time. In addition, they also seem to be more prone to work while sick. PMID:21906071

  7. Operational comparison of bubble (super heated drop) dosimetry with routine albedo TLD for a selected group of Pu-238 workers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, L.L.; Hoffman, J.M.; Foltyn, E.M.; Buhl, T.E.

    1998-09-01

    Personnel neutron dosimetry continues to be a difficult science due to the lack of availability of robust passive dosimeters that exhibit tissue- or near-tissue- equivalent response. This paper is an operational study that compares the use of albedo thermoluminescent dosimeters with bubble dosimeters to determine whether bubble dosimeters do provide a useful daily ALARA tool that can yield measurements close to the dose-of-record. A group of workers at Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) working on the Radioisotopic Thermoelectric Generators (RTG) for the NASA Cassini space mission wore both bubble dosimeters and albedo dosimeters over a period from 1993 through 1996. The personal albedo dosimeter was processed on a monthly basis and used as the dose-of-record. The results of this study indicated that cumulative daily bubble dosimetry results agreed with whole-body albedo dosimetry results within about 37% on average.

  8. 农民工创业隐性知识学习量表的编制%Development of the Scale of Migrant Farmer Workers' Entrepreneurial Tacit Knowledge Learning

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王二帅; 丁桂凤

    2012-01-01

    创业隐性知识学习是影响农民工创业绩效的一个重要因素。该研究在参考中外相关文献的基础上,通过开放式问卷调查和访谈,编制农民工创业隐性知识学习量表。结果表明:农民工创业隐性知识学习量表包括管理技能、自我成长、任务认知管理、绩效管理、人际交往和自我调节六个因素。信效度检验结果表明,量表具有良好的效度和信度。%Entrepreneurial tacit knowledge learning is one of important facts that affects migrant farmer workers' entrepreneurial performance. Based on a large number of relevant literature, we compiled the scale of migrant farmer workers' entrepreneurial tacit knowledge learning through open questionnaire and interview. The result showed: the scale of migrant farmer workers' entrepreneurial tacit knowledge learning is a 6- dimensional measure (others management skills, ego growth, tasks cognitive management, performance management, interpersonal communication and self regulation). The reliability and validity of the scale on migrant farmer workers' entrepreneurship tacit knowledge learning all met psychometric requirements.

  9. A STUDY TO ASSESS THE KNOWLEDGE ABOUT THE BIO MEDICAL WASTE (MANAGEMENT & HANDLING RULES 2011 AMONG THE PARAMEDICS AND LABORATORY TECH N ICIANS OF A TERTIARY CARE HOSPITAL IN NORTH WEST INDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mitasha

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available BACKGROUND: Bio Medical Waste (BMW refers to the waste generated in a health care facility. It carries a high potential for infection and injury , both to the health care workers and the public. The Government of India framed the Bio Medical Waste (Management and Handling Rules in the year 1998 and subsequently amended , the last amendments being in 2011. OBJECTIVE : To Assess the Knowledge with respect to the Biomedical Waste (Management &Handling rules , 2011 among paramedical staff and interns of a tertiary care centre in North West India. MATERIALS& METHODS : It was a cross sectional study conducted at a tertiary care centre of North West India in the month of September and October 2014 through a self - administered questionnaire using convenience sampling on Paramedical staff and interns. RES ULTS : Two hundred twenty questionnaires were distributed. Two hundred workers responded with a response rate of 91%. Out of the total 200 participants , 47% were laboratory technicians and 53% nursing staff and interns. Out of 72% who were trained in BMW ma nagement , 17% were laboratory technicians against 83% of nursing staff and interns. Knowledge about the new guidelines was seen among 72% but only 13 % knew it correctly. Majority of the participants (77% were aware of hand washing as basic and important universal work precaution. CONCLUSION: The different categories of paramedical staff were aware about the importance of BMW but they were not fully aware with the latest guidelines of BMW rules. Lack of training was found to be one of the most important an d common constraint for the paramedical staff.

  10. [Tuberculosis in healthcare workers].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nienhaus, A

    2009-01-01

    Perception and knowledge of the TB-infection risk in healthcare workers (HCWs) changed profoundly in Germany during the past few years. Molecular-epidemiological studies and a comprehensive review of the existing evidence concerning the infection risk for HCWs lead to the conclusion that TB in HCWs is often caused by infection at the workplace. In the Hamburg Fingerprint Study, 80 % of the TB cases in HCWs were caused by infections at the workplace. In a similar Dutch study 43 % of all cases were work-related. Besides of the well-known risks in TB wards and laboratories, an increased risk for infection should be assumed for paramedics, in emergency rooms, for HCWs caring for the elderly or for workers with close contact to high-risk groups (homeless people, i. v. drug users, migrants from high-incidence countries). TB in a HCW working in these fields can be recognised as an occupational disease (OD) without identifying a particular source of infection. For all other HCWs, the German occupational disease law requires the identification of a source case before TB in an HCW can be accepted as an OD. Even though the proportion of work-related TB in HCWs is higher than was assumed before previously, the prevalence of latent TB infection (LTBI) is lower than expected. In an ongoing evaluation study of the interferon-gamma release assay (IGRA) LTBI prevalence in HCWs is 10 %. Prevention strategies in Germany should be reconsidered in the light of these new findings.

  11. Knowledge on DNA Success Rates to Optimize the DNA Analysis Process: From Crime Scene to Laboratory.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mapes, Anna A; Kloosterman, Ate D; van Marion, Vincent; de Poot, Christianne J

    2016-07-01

    DNA analysis has become an essential intelligence tool in the criminal justice system for the identification of possible offenders. However, it appears that about half of the processed DNA samples contains too little DNA for analysis. This study looks at DNA success rates within 28 different categories of trace exhibits and relates the DNA concentration to the characteristics of the DNA profile. Data from 2260 analyzed crime samples show that cigarettes, bloodstains, and headwear have relatively high success rates. Cartridge cases, crowbars, and tie-wraps are on the other end of the spectrum. These objective data can assist forensics in their selection process.The DNA success probability shows a positive relation with the DNA concentration. This finding enables the laboratory to set an evidence-based threshold value in the DNA analysis process. For instance, 958 DNA extracts had a concentration value of 6 pg/μL or less. Only 46 of the 958 low-level extracts provided meaningful DNA profiling data. PMID:27364287

  12. The Mouse Genome Database: integration of and access to knowledge about the laboratory mouse.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blake, Judith A; Bult, Carol J; Eppig, Janan T; Kadin, James A; Richardson, Joel E

    2014-01-01

    The Mouse Genome Database (MGD) (http://www.informatics.jax.org) is the community model organism database resource for the laboratory mouse, a premier animal model for the study of genetic and genomic systems relevant to human biology and disease. MGD maintains a comprehensive catalog of genes, functional RNAs and other genome features as well as heritable phenotypes and quantitative trait loci. The genome feature catalog is generated by the integration of computational and manual genome annotations generated by NCBI, Ensembl and Vega/HAVANA. MGD curates and maintains the comprehensive listing of functional annotations for mouse genes using the Gene Ontology, and MGD curates and integrates comprehensive phenotype annotations including associations of mouse models with human diseases. Recent improvements include integration of the latest mouse genome build (GRCm38), improved access to comparative and functional annotations for mouse genes with expanded representation of comparative vertebrate genomes and new loads of phenotype data from high-throughput phenotyping projects. All MGD resources are freely available to the research community.

  13. The role biomedical science laboratories can play in improving science knowledge and promoting first-year nursing academic success

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arneson, Pam

    The Role Biomedical Science Laboratories Can Play In Improving Science Knowledge and Promoting First-Year Nursing Academic Success The need for additional nursing and health care professionals is expected to increase dramatically over the next 20 years. With this in mind, students must have strong biomedical science knowledge to be competent in their field. Some studies have shown that participation in bioscience laboratories can enhance science knowledge. If this is true, an analysis of the role bioscience labs have in first-year nursing academic success is apposite. In response, this study sought to determine whether concurrent enrollment in anatomy and microbiology lecture and lab courses improved final lecture course grades. The investigation was expanded to include a comparison of first-year nursing GPA and prerequisite bioscience concurrent lecture/lab enrollment. Additionally, research has indicated that learning is affected by student perception of the course, instructor, content, and environment. To gain an insight regarding students' perspectives of laboratory courses, almost 100 students completed a 20-statement perception survey to understand how lab participation affects learning. Data analyses involved comparing anatomy and microbiology final lecture course grades between students who concurrently enrolled in the lecture and lab courses and students who completed the lecture course alone. Independent t test analyses revealed that there was no significant difference between the groups for anatomy, t(285) = .11, p = .912, but for microbiology, the lab course provided a significant educational benefit, t(256) = 4.47, p = .000. However, when concurrent prerequisite bioscience lecture/lab enrollment was compared to non-concurrent enrollment for first-year nursing GPA using independent t test analyses, no significant difference was found for South Dakota State University, t(37) = -1.57, p = .125, or for the University of South Dakota, t(38) = -0.46, p

  14. Motivating Workers in Construction

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jason E. Barg

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available The study of the motivation of construction workers is limited to a relatively small body of knowledge. Although there is considerable research available regarding motivation and productivity, few researchers have provided a comprehensive analysis on the motivation of construction workers. The research stated that productivity in construction has not improved compared to other industry sectors such as manufacturing. This trend has been echoed in publications throughout the past five decades, and suggested that motivation is one of the key factors impacting productivity. This paper offers a comprehensive review of the published work that directly links the key words—construction and motivation. The findings have been presented in five themes, that is, motivation models, environment and culture, incentives and empowerment, and worker management. This paper concludes with two methods suggested by previous researchers to improve motivation of construction workers: (1 relevant worker incentives (intrinsic or extrinsic and (2 improved management practices, specifically regarding communication with workers.

  15. 从知识型员工的特点看卫生人才的管理%From Knowledge Workers and Health Professionals in the Management of the Features

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘喜珍; 钱峰; 赖贞华

    2015-01-01

    随着我国迈入二十一世纪,新型技术产业逐渐变成社会经济可持续发展主体,社会针对于知识型员工需求也与日俱增,同一时间,知识型员工概念逐渐被拓展开来。知识型员工为人力资源主要组成部分,是科技创新中不可替代重要功臣。加大知识型员工管理与培养力度,为我们国家提升综合竞争力及国力准则,为落实科学发展观,贯彻马列主义毛泽东思想,构筑新型国家核心内容。我们在分析知识型员工管理模式以前,必须认清知识型员工相关概念,为后续管理大批满足要求知识型员工做铺垫,为我国经济可持续发展尽一份力。知识型对于企业来讲是不可替代重要组成部分,对于医疗行业同样如此,高水平卫生人才为医疗事业可持续发展源动力,放眼人力资源角度,卫生人才同样属于知识型员工范畴。该文试图由知识型员工特点及需求入手,并针对性提出对于卫生人才的管理参考意见,希望可以给相关行业发展作出一些贡献。%As China entered the twenty-first century, new technology industry gradually become the main social and eco-nomic sustainable development, social demand for employees is also increasing in the knowledge-based rise, at the same time, the concept of knowledge workers have been gradually expanding open. Knowledge worker is the main component of human resources, technological innovation irreplaceable important contributor. Increase knowledge worker management and training efforts, and enhance overall competitiveness and national guidelines for our country, for the implementation of the scientific concept of development, implement Marxism-Leninism-Mao Zedong Thought, and build the new national core content. Analysis of our previous knowledge worker management, knowledge workers must understand the concepts for the subsequent management of a large number of knowledge workers to meet

  16. 我国家族企业知识型员工激励机制现状与对策%Research on Status and Counte rmeasure of Incentive Mechanism for Knowledge Workers of Family Business in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林晓璐

    2014-01-01

    Family business is an integral part of China’s economy .As a carrier of both human and knowledge capital ,knowledge workers have gradually become the fountain for maintaining family business’ competitive edge .Therefore ,integrating knowledge workers with family business ,effectively attracting ,retaining and incenting the talents ,have become key factors for business’ development .This thesis ,with its foundation laid on general incentive theory for knowledge workers at home and abroad ,investigates and analyzes the status quo of F Fur-niture Corporation’s incentive scheme for knowledge workers ,then raises the relevant countermeasures .%家族企业是我国经济的重要组成部分,知识型员工作为人力资本和知识资本的载体,已逐渐成为家族企业竞争优势的源泉。因此,如何使知识型员工与家族企业相融合,如何有效吸引人才、留住人才、激励人才,是制约企业发展的关键性因素。在国内外知识型员工激励理论综述的基础上,以F家具连锁公司为例,对该公司知识型员工激励现状进行了调查分析,并提出相应对策。

  17. A Comparison of Certain Knowledges in Agriculture Needed by Workers in Farming, in Grain Elevator Businesses, and in Agricultural Equipment Businesses.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fiscus, Keith Eugene

    Questionnaires to determine the vocational and technical education needed by prospective workers in farming and in grain elevator and agricultural equipment businesses were administered to 20 workers in each of the jobs of (1) farm manager, (2) grain elevator manager, operator, salesman, and deliveryman, and (3) agricultural equipment manager,…

  18. Knowledge management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foss, Nicolai Juul; Mahnke, Volker

    2003-01-01

    Knowledge management has emerged as a very successful organization practice and has beenextensively treated in a large body of academic work. Surprisingly, however, organizationaleconomics (i.e., transaction cost economics, agency theory, team theory and property rightstheory) has played no role...... in the development of knowledge management. We argue thatorganizational economics insights can further the theory and practice of knowledge managementin several ways. Specifically, we apply notions of contracting, team production,complementaries, hold-up, etc. to knowledge management issues (i.e., creating...... and integrationknowledge, rewarding knowledge workers, etc.) , and derive refutable implications that are novelto the knowledge management field from our discussion....

  19. Operational comparison of bubble (super heated drop) dosimetry results with routine albedo thermoluminescent dosimetry for a selected group of Pu-238 workers at Los Alamos National Laboratory

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Romero, L.L.; Hoffman, J.M.; Foltyn, E.M.; Buhl, T.E.

    1999-03-01

    This paper is an operational study that compares the use of albedo thermoluminescent dosimeters with bubble dosimeters to determine whether bubble dosimeters do provide a useful daily ALARA tool that can yield measurements close to the dose-of-record. A group of workers at the Los Alamos National Laboratory (LANL) working on the Radioactive Thermoelectric Generators (RTG) for the NASA Cassini space mission wore both bubble dosimeters and albedo dosimeters over a period from 1993 through 1996. The bubble dosimeters were issued and read on a daily basis and the data were used as an ALARA tool. The personnel albedo dosimeter was processed on monthly basis and used as the dose-of-record. The results of this study indicated that cumulative bubble dosimetry results agreed with whole-body albedo dosimetry results within about 37% on average. However it was observed that there is a significant variability of the results on an individual basis both month-to-month and from one individual to another.

  20. Study on influencing factors of index system for knowledge workers productivity%知识工作者生产率影响因素指标体系研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    路文杰; 张秀山

    2012-01-01

    通过文献研究,总结出个人因素、管理因素、工作因素和环境因素共35个知识工作者生产率影响因素,继而有针对性地进行了问卷调查.研究结果表明:个人能力态度、个人疲劳感等个人因素,工作创新性等工作因素,经济性激励等管理因素,以及家庭和谐、家人健康等环境因素对知识工作者生产率具有重要影响.确定了包含4个方面8个类别共计26个指标的知识工作者生产率影响因素指标体系,为知识工作者生产率的提升机制研究奠定了基础.%The paper summed up a total of 35 factors influencing knowledge workers productivity through literature research, including the individual factors, work factors, management factors and environment factors. After a survey, the result finds the individual factors like the attitude of personal ability and personal fatigue, work factors like work innovation, management factors like economic stimulating and environment factors like family harmoniousness and family member health have an important impact on the productivity of knowledge workers. The paper determines a set of factors including 4 aspects and 8 catalogues containing 26 factors influencing knowledge workers productivity, which lay the foundation for the enhancement mechanism of knowledge workers productivity.

  1. Analysis of Management of Knowledge Workers of New Generation from Social Cognitive Angle%从社会认知角度解析新生代知识型员工的管理

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽霞; 钱士茹

    2012-01-01

    随着知识经济时代人才竞争的加剧,对知识型员工的管理问题成为企业的重点。新生代知识型员工逐渐成为企业的中流砥柱,但由于企业对新生代知识型员工的认知并不深入.常导致管理失效,流失掉优秀人才。从社会认知的角度讲,在趋同区,企业要尊重新生代知识型员工的特征,在管理理念和制度上作适当调整;在差异区,企业要弄清差异所在,采取相应对策;在盲目区.企业要把好招聘关,做好新生代知识型员工的自我职业生涯规划工作,实现企业与员工的双赢。%With the development of knowledge economy, the talent competition is more important to company. And the management of knowledge workers is becoming the focus of attention. Knowledge workers of new generation has become the backbone of business. However, owing to insufficient recognition of knowledge workers of new generation, the enterprise often suffers management failure and even the loss of talented people. From the perspective of social cognition, in the convergence zone, enterprises should respect the char- acteristics of knowledge workers of new generation and make the appropriate adjustments in concepts and systems of management. In the different areas, enterprises should cognize where the differences lies and take appropriate countermeasures; in blind spot, enterprises should be good at recruitment and do a good job in career planning to knowledge workers of new generation. In this way, enterprises and employees can achieve a win-win situation.

  2. A Text Analysis Approach to Motivate Knowledge Sharing via Microsoft SharePoint

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Patton, Robert M [ORNL; McNair, Wade [ORNL; Symons, Christopher T [ORNL; Treadwell, Jim N [ORNL; Potok, Thomas E [ORNL

    2012-01-01

    Creating incentives for knowledge workers to share their knowledge within an organization continues to be a challenging task. Strong, innate behaviors of the knowledge worker, such as self-preservation and self- advancement, are difficult to overcome, regardless of the level of knowledge. Many incentive policies simply focus on providing external pressure to promote knowledge sharing. This work describes a technical approach to motivate sharing. Utilizing text analysis and machine learning techniques to create an enhanced knowledge sharing experience, a prototype system was developed and tested at Oak Ridge National Laboratory that reduces the overhead cost of sharing while providing a quick, positive payoff for the knowledge worker. This work describes the implementation and experiences of using the prototype in a corporate production environment.

  3. 某高科技园区白领健康知识知晓率调查%Investigation of awareness rate of health knowledge of the white-collar workers in a high-tech park

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    姜宏

    2013-01-01

    Objective: To learn the awareness status of health knowledge of the white-collar workers in Shanghai. Method: A total of 365 white collar workers were randomly selected to undergo a questionnaire survey in a high-tech park in Shanghai and analyzed the different gender, age, marital status, the health knowledge rate and the effective factors. Result:Among the questionnaires, 95 were qualified, accounting for 26.02%. The awareness rate of the group over 30-years old and the married group were rather higher. Conclusion: The health knowledge level of the white collar workers is generally low. The health education should be strengthened, especially for the low age and the single white collar workers.%  目的:了解上海市某高科技园区白领人群健康知识知晓情况.方法:从上海某高科技园区白领人群中随机抽取了365人,进行健康知识问卷调查.分析不同性别、年龄组、婚姻状况的人群健康知识知晓率以及影响因素.结果:365份问卷中合格问卷95张,占26.02%,年龄≥30岁和已婚组知晓率相对较高.结论:白领人群的健康知识水平普遍较低,应加强白领人群尤其是低年龄、未婚白领的健康教育工作.

  4. Comparison of maintenance worker's human error events occurred at United States and domestic nuclear power plants. The proposal of the classification method with insufficient knowledge and experience and the classification result of its application

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Human errors by maintenance workers in U.S. nuclear power plants were compared with those in Japanese nuclear power plants for the same period in order to identify the characteristics of such errors. As for U.S. events, cases which occurred during 2006 were selected from the Nuclear Information Database of the Institute to Nuclear Safety System while Japanese cases that occurred during the same period, were extracted from the Nuclear Information Archives (NUCIA) owned by JANTI. The most common cause of human errors was insufficient knowledge or experience' accounting for about 40% for U.S. cases and 50% or more of cases in Japan. To break down 'insufficient knowledge', we classified the contents of knowledge into five categories; method', 'nature', 'reason', 'scope' and 'goal', and classified the level of knowledge into four categories: 'known', 'comprehended', 'applied' and analytic'. By using this classification, the patterns of combination of each item of the content and the level of knowledge were compared. In the U.S. cases, errors due to 'insufficient knowledge of nature and insufficient knowledge of method' were prevalent while three other items', 'reason', scope' and 'goal' which involve work conditions among the contents of knowledge rarely occurred. In Japan, errors arising from 'nature not being comprehended' were rather prevalent while other cases were distributed evenly for all categories including the work conditions. For addressing insufficient knowledge or experience', we consider that the following approaches are valid: according to the knowledge level which is required for the work, the reflection of knowledge on the procedure or education materials, training and confirmation of understanding level, virtual practice and instruction of experience should be implemented. As for the knowledge on the work conditions, it is necessary to enter the work conditions in the procedure and education materials while conducting training or education. (author)

  5. 福建省部分地区暗娼人群艾滋病相关知识行为调查%Survey on AIDS-related Knowledge and Behavior among Commercial Sex Workers in Fujian Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴韶彬; 陈舸; 潘蕴蛟; 林永添; 郑武雄; 林丽; 杨莹

    2012-01-01

    Objectives To investigate AIDS-related knowledge and behaviors among commercial sex workers in Fujian province, and provide the basis for behavioral intervention. Methods An anonymous questionnaire was conducted among commercial sex workers in entertainment places in 15 counties of Fujian province. Results The awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge is 86. 59%, the condom use rate in their latest commercial sex behavior is 62. 01%, 18. 16% sex workers had STD related symptoms. The main route of receiving AIDS related preventing services was health education. Conclusions Commercial sex workers don't have comprehensive understanding for AIDS-related knowledge; the condom use rate among them is low. Therefore, it's necessary to carry out more suitable intervention methods for commercial sex workers and improve awareness and condom use rate. Meanwhile, the stability and constancy of intervention work should be maintained, in order to expand the coverage of the intervention and detection rate among commercial sex workers.%目的 了解福建省暗娼人群艾滋病防治知识和相关行为状况,为行为干预提供依据.方法 对福建省15个县区的部分娱乐场所暗娼人群进行匿名问卷调查.结果 艾滋病基本知识知晓率为86.59%,最后一次发生商业性行为安全套使用率为62.01%,18.16%曾出现性病相关症状.接受预防艾滋病相关服务以宣传教育为主.结论 暗娼人群对艾滋病相关知识了解不全面,安全套使用率不高.应有针对性地制定适合暗娼人群的干预方法,提高其各知识点的知晓率和安全套使用率;同时应保持干预措施的稳定性和恒定性,进一步扩大暗娼人群的干预覆盖面和检测率.

  6. 基于激励的高校图书馆知识型员工的绩效评价%Incentive - based Performance Evaluation of Knowledge Workers of University Library

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    林豪慧

    2011-01-01

    高校图书馆知识型员工的工作具有创新性、自主性、团队性等特点,由于知识服务在高校图书馆的兴起和发展,对知识型员工的绩效评价有其现实需要.尝试基于激励理论,关注驱动和激励他们的真正的内生动力,建立一种动态目标结合关键绩效指标的绩效评价体系,结合考虑冗余资源、工作氛围和反馈机制问题,进行有效的评价管理,促进高校图书馆知识型员工潜能的发挥,提升图书馆服务绩效.%Knowledge workers of university library carry the characteristics of innovation, autonomy and team - work spirit,etc. With the rising and developing of knowledge service in the university library, performance evaluation of knowledge workers has its actual needs. The paper focuses on driving and inspiring them to the real endogenous power based on motivation theory and establishes a kind of performance evaluation system which combines dynamic objects and key performance indicators and considers redundancy of resources, work atmosphere and feedback mechanisms, so as to carry out effective assessment management and promote potentials and service efficiency of university library knowledge workers.

  7. Process Knowledge Characterization of Radioactive Waste at the Classified Waste Landfill Remediation Project Sandia National Laboratories, Albuquerque, New Mexico

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper discusses the development and application of process knowledge (PK) to the characterization of radioactive wastes generated during the excavation of buried materials at the Sandia National Laboratories/New Mexico (SNL/NM) Classified Waste Landfill (CWLF). The CWLF, located in SNL/NM Technical Area II, is a 1.5-acre site that received nuclear weapon components and related materials from about 1950 through 1987. These materials were used in the development and testing of nuclear weapon designs. The CWLF is being remediated by the SNL/NM Environmental Restoration (ER) Project pursuant to regulations of the New Mexico Environment Department. A goal of the CWLF project is to maximize the amount of excavated materials that can be demilitarized and recycled. However, some of these materials are radioactively contaminated and, if they cannot be decontaminated, are destined to require disposal as radioactive waste. Five major radioactive waste streams have been designated on the CWLF project, including: unclassified soft radioactive waste--consists of soft, compatible trash such as paper, plastic, and plywood; unclassified solid radioactive waste--includes scrap metal, other unclassified hardware items, and soil; unclassified mixed waste--contains the same materials as unclassified soft or solid radioactive waste, but also contains one or more Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) constituents; classified radioactive waste--consists of classified artifacts, usually weapons components, that contain only radioactive contaminants; and classified mixed waste--comprises radioactive classified material that also contains RCRA constituents. These waste streams contain a variety of radionuclides that exist both as surface contamination and as sealed sources. To characterize these wastes, the CWLF project's waste management team is relying on data obtained from direct measurement of radionuclide activity content to the maximum extent possible and, in cases where

  8. Worker Participation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shepherd, W. F.

    1973-01-01

    The philosophy and workability of the concept of worker participation in management decisions is discussed in the context of British society. It is recommended that four interests be represented in any kind of Workers' Council: management, workers, shareholders, and consumers. (AG)

  9. The mechanism of leader - member exchange effect on organizational citizenship behavior of knowledge workers%LMX与知识型员工组织公民行为的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曾垂凯

    2012-01-01

    In the era of knowledge economy, it is important for the leaders of enterprises to enhance the level of organizational citizenship behavior for knowledge workers. Previous studies have revealed the positive effectiveness of Leader - Member eXchange (LMX) on organizational citizenship behavior of the employees, but its mechanism was seldom paid close attention to. The data from the surveys of 396 knowledge workers in China' s high - teeh enterprises were analyzed to explore whether attitudes toward job play a mediating role in the effecfing process of LMX on organizational citizenship behavior. Results show that LMX has the more significant positive effect on organizational citizenship behavior of knowledge workers than that of general staff. The attitudes toward job partially mediate the relation between LMX and organizational citizenship behavior. Based on the perspective of attitudes toward job, the major innovation point is disclosing the mechanism of the effect of LMX on organizational citizenship behavior for knowledge workers.%如何提高知识型员工的组织公民行为,是知识经济时代企业领导者面临的一个重要问题。既往研究揭示了LMX对组织公民行为的正向影响,但对其作用机制则关注不够。通过对高技术企业396名知识型员工的实地调查,从工作态度视角探讨LMX对组织公民行为的作用机制。结果表明,较之一般员工,LMX对知识型员工的组织公民行为表现出更高的预测力;工作态度在LMX影响组织公民行为的过程中起着部分中介作用。

  10. Increasing Knowledge, Skills, and Empathy among Direct Care Workers in Elder Care: A Preliminary Study of an Active-Learning Model

    Science.gov (United States)

    Braun, Kathryn L.; Cheang, Michael; Shigeta, Dennis

    2005-01-01

    Purpose: We describe the development of a 24-hr curriculum for nonclinical direct care workers in elder care that features active-learning strategies and consumer-directed approaches. Design and Methods: Our curricular design was based on adult education theory and a survey of 70% of the community's service providers. Training was completed by 88…

  11. 基于动态需求响应的85后知识员工管理实践%Management Practice of Knowledge Workers after 85s Based on the Dynamic Demand Response

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙称阔

    2014-01-01

    85后知识员工正逐渐成为企业的骨干层乃至核心层,如何做好对他们的使用与激励,让他们真正成为团队的中坚力量,实现平稳交接,是每个管理者都不能回避的课题。85后知识员工的特点和需求特性决定了他们更趋向于挑战和流动,本文从85后知识员工的动态需求分析入手,结合企业具体案例,希望找到选好、育好、用好、留好85后知识员工的方法和措施,为企业的可持续发展助力。%Knowledge workers after 85s are becoming the backbone of enterprise and even the core layer. How to make use of and encourage them, make them become the backbone of the team and achieve a smooth transition, is an inevitable subject of each manager. The characteristics and needs characteristics of knowledge workers after 85s decided they tend to challenge and flow. The paper starts from the dynamic needs of them, combines with enterprise specific case to find good ways and measures to select, educate, apply and leave the knowledge workers after 85s and help the sustainable development of enterprises.

  12. 餐饮从业人员食品安全知识、态度、行为调查分析%Survey and analysis on the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors for food safety in catering workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封苏琴; 李春玉; 孙犀林; 陈小岳; 郝超

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the current knowledge related to food safety and risk factors in catering workers, to provide basis for taking effective intervention measures for food safety. Methods Conducting a survey on the knowledge, attitudes and behaviors to food safety with questionnaires in 720 randomly selected catering workers. Results The awareness of food safety knowledge was 60. 8% , no difference was observed in subjects from different units or working on different posts, but a significant difference was observed in subjects with different degree of education, different profession, different work experiences and had different training times. The importance of food safety was fully understood by 98. 8% of catering workers. And 89. 7% of them have generally developed good behaviors and habits for food safety. Conclusion In order to ensure food safety for the masses, it is necessary to enhance training catering workers to improve their food safety knowledge, to develop their good food safety habits and to regulate their professional behavior.%目的 掌握餐饮从业人员食品安全相关知识及危险因素现状,为采取有效的干预措施提供依据.方法 随机抽取餐饮从业人员720名,进行食品安全相关知识、态度、行为问卷调查.结果 餐饮从业人员食品安全相关知识知晓率为60.8%,不同单位、不同工作岗位人群知晓率无差异,不同文化程度、不同专业、不同工作年限、不同培训次数人群知晓率有差异;98.8%的餐饮从业人员充分认识到食品安全的重要性;89.7%的调查对象已经总体养成良好的食品安全行为习惯.结论 要保障广大人民群众的食品安全,应加强从业人员食品安全知识的培训,提高其食品安全的知识水平,培养其良好的食品安全习惯,规范其职业行为.

  13. 黑龙江省暗娼人群艾滋病知识、行为状况调查%The survey of AIDS knowledge behaviors and condom use among female sex workers in Heilongjiang Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邵冰; 姚松坡; 王开利; 杨佳琦; 曹博; 王巨; 张华平; 王滨有

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解黑龙江省暗娼人群艾滋病知识知晓情况及其行为状况,为暗娼人群制定有针对性的预防与控制艾滋病的措施提供科学依据.方法 统一调查方法,由经过严格培训的调查员到全省13个地级市55个县的暗娼聚集地点进行现场问卷调查.结果 在5 055名被调查的女性暗娼中,艾滋病知识8道问题,除1道问题正确率为72.05%外,其余问题正确率均在80.00%以上;商业性行为中安全套坚持使用率为37.55%,坚持使用的原因主要是害怕感染艾滋病,占39.04%;与固定性伴安全套坚持使用率为18.13%;最近一年出现性病相关症状的占31.89%,出现症状后的处理方式主要是到性病专科医院就诊,占37.72%;暗娼吸毒率为0.16%.关联分析显示,每次都用安全套的暗娼艾滋病知识8道问题的知晓率最高.多因素Logistic回归分析结果显示:酒店、宾馆等高级场所暗娼坚持使用安全套频率较高,首次商业性行为年龄较大,最近一周接客人数较多和每次工作价格较高的暗娼更愿意坚持使用安全套,而每月工作天数较多的暗娼更不愿意坚持使用安全套.结论 2008年黑龙江省暗娼人群中艾滋病知识知晓情况总体比较好,随着艾滋病知识知晓率的提高,坚持使用安全套的频率有升高的趋势.今后应加强对按摩房、足疗馆、小旅店等低级场所暗娼人群的宣传教育,重点加强对艾滋病非传播途径知识、就诊方式、安全套使用重要性等方面的宣传.%Objective To understand the knowledge, behavior and condom use among female sex workers, to develop AIDS prevention and control measures among female sex workers. Methods Methods of investigation were uniformed. Questionnaires were completed by the highly trained investigators. Samples were collected from the female sex workers gathering place in 55 counties. Results The correct answer rate of AIDS knowledge was more than 80.00 % except one that

  14. Preliminary volcanic hazards evaluation for Los Alamos National Laboratory Facilities and Operations : current state of knowledge and proposed path forward

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Keating, Gordon N.; Schultz-Fellenz, Emily S.; Miller, Elizabeth D.

    2010-09-01

    The integration of available information on the volcanic history of the region surrounding Los Alamos National Laboratory indicates that the Laboratory is at risk from volcanic hazards. Volcanism in the vicinity of the Laboratory is unlikely within the lifetime of the facility (ca. 50–100 years) but cannot be ruled out. This evaluation provides a preliminary estimate of recurrence rates for volcanic activity. If further assessment of the hazard is deemed beneficial to reduce risk uncertainty, the next step would be to convene a formal probabilistic volcanic hazards assessment.

  15. "How often? How much? Where from?" knowledge, attitudes, and practices of mothers and health workers to iron supplementation program for children under five in rural Tamil Nadu, south India.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kwon, Hye Jin; Ramasamy, Rajkumar; Morgan, Alison

    2014-07-01

    Iron deficiency anemia (IDA) affects 70% of under-5 children in India. The primary prevention strategy is regular iron supplementation. Little is known about what helps families adhere to daily iron supplementation. Our study explored the knowledge, attitudes, and practices of mothers and village health workers (VHWs) involved in a community health program in one hill district of Tamil Nadu. We conducted 30 semistructured interviews and 3 group discussions involving mothers, VHWs, and community stakeholders. Knowledge of IDA was widespread, yet no children were receiving the iron supplementation as recommended. The main determinants to adherence included the perception of its need, the ease of access, and the activity of VHWs. Preventive care requiring daily supplements is challenging. Our study suggests that increasing community awareness of mild anemia, simplifying dosage instructions, and further strengthening the supportive environment for VHWs would help in reducing the prevalence of IDA.

  16. 上海市普陀区生产性噪声接触工人危害及防护认知分析%Knowledge of Industrial Noise Hazard and Protection among Workers in Putuo District, Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    胡芳; 吴玉霞; 夏斯伟; 黄威

    2012-01-01

    [ Objective ] To study knowledge status of industrial noise hazard and protective measures among noise-exposed workers in Putuo District of Shanghai, and to provide references for effective control and prevention of industrial noise. [ Methods ] A questionnaire survey enrolled 320 noise-exposed workers from Putuo District by random multistage sampling in April 2011. The relations of knowledge of industrial noise hazard and protection with job title, age, gender, household register, and educational level were analyzed. [ Results ] Differences in knowledge of industrial noise hazard and protective measures were found among groups of different age, gender, household register, and educational level. The workers of different age showed significant differences in the awareness rate of once-a-year-occupational-health-examination (x2=12.37, P<0.05). The male workers showed higher awareness than the female workers on the knowledge of nervous system damage induced by industrial noise (x2=5.01, P<0.05). There were significant differences between local and non-local residents in the knowledge that the regular occupational health exam is demanded by laws, the frequency of occupational health examination is once a year, and cotton is not good at noise blocking (x2=5.37,4.19, 7.90, respectively, all P<0.05). There were significant differences in the knowledge that industrial noise may induce hearing loss or deafness, industrial noise may damage nervous system, adverse health effect may increase with intensity, and the laws stipulate regular occupational health exams between the industrial noise exposed workers of different education background (x2=22.37,15.09,9.63,13.07, respectively, all P <0.05). [ Conclusion ] The knowledge of industrial noise hazard and protection should be further strengthened among workers with occupational exposure to noise in Putuo District. Relevant instructions and trainings should be deliverable to target workers.%[目的]了解上海市普陀区企

  17. Worker Longevity in Harvester Ants (Pogonomyrmex)

    OpenAIRE

    Gordon, D M; Hölldobler, B.

    1987-01-01

    Most studies of worker longevity in ants have been made in the laboratory (Haskins and Haskins 1980; Porter and Tschinkel 1982). In the field, increased energy expenditures, predation, and environmental fluctuations may all contribute to shorten the life of a worker ant. In the few existing studies of worker longevity conducted in the field, the lifespan of exterior workers was found to be extremely short. For example, Schmid-Hempel and Schmid- Hempel (1984) found that the half-life of Catagl...

  18. 中国企业知识型员工职业生涯的自我管理%A Study on Career Self-management of Knowledge Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    周文斌; 张烨; 夏梦

    2011-01-01

    知识型员工更需要而且更能够对职业生涯进行自我管理。本文在对企业知识型员工职业生涯自我管理研究回顾的基础上,通过职业探索、职业决策管理等前沿理论的分析,重点研究中国情境下企业知识型员工职业生涯自我管理的难点问题及其解决方法;从横向、纵向对企业知识型员工的职业通道进行了综合研究,提出了知识型员工职业成功的早试错、靠近性、积累性、持续性四原则;对中国企业知识型员工管理有较强的针对性。%In the knowledge economy era,knowledge workers are faced with new challenges in career development.At first,this paper reviews theories of career self-management at home and abroad,and then analyzes the problems in the self-management process of knowledge workers.By discussing the issues of career anchor,career development,career decision-making management,etc.,and difficulties of individual career management in China scenarios,we comb and sum up the career channel theory.In the end,the paper puts forward relevant measures and guidance for the extended career management from individual perspective.

  19. 龙岗区外来务工人员艾滋病知识知晓情况分析%AIDS knowledge of Survey and Analysis of migrant workers in Longgang District

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁鸿; 李水明; 林琳; 刘渠

    2012-01-01

    目的了解深圳龙岗区外来务工人员艾滋病防治知识知晓现状.方法对2011年3月我们对某工厂3个车间的外来劳务工885人开展了艾滋病健康教育.结果(1)艾滋病防治知识知晓率为55.5%;(2)艾滋病的一般知识和传播途径知晓率较高(分别为76.4%),对非传播途径和预防途径知晓率较底(43.8%).结论外来务工人员密集的地区艾滋病防治知识的知晓率较低,特别是非传播途径和预防途径的知晓率低.应该加强对外来务工人员的艾滋病防治知识的教育.%Objective To survey the knowledge about AIDS among the migrant workers in Longgang District ,Shenzhen City. Methods In March of 2011, a questionnaire survey about the knowledge of AIDS was conducted among 885 employees of the factory in Longgang District. Results (1) The average knowledge rate about AIDS was 55.5%.(2) The employee understands to the main dissemination path of AIDS (76.4%) are better than the non-dissemination path and the correct way of prevention (43.8%). Conclusion Migrant workers in Longgang District should strengthen AIDS awareness education, especially non-communication path and the correct ways of prevention education.

  20. Literature Review of Knowledge Management in Business

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭艳坤

    2015-01-01

    Knowledge management in Business is mainly about productivity,knowledge worker,knowledge workers’ problems,and the knowledge they are required to do their work.To fulfill productivities,there are five theories to tackle that problem.

  1. The Effects of Organization Embeddedness on New Immigrant Knowledge Worker Trans-Regional Voluntary Turnover%组织嵌入对新移民知识员工跨区域流动意愿影响研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黎春燕; 李伟铭

    2013-01-01

    将组织嵌入理论引入我国新移民知识员工跨区域流动的新研究情境中,从组织嵌入视角探讨影响新移民知识员工跨区域流动的内在动因.研究表明,组织嵌入经典的3个维度(联结、匹配和牺牲)可以再细分为7个子维度;基于关系和时间积累的联结对新移民知识员工跨区域流动意愿有显著负向影响;个人与工作、团队、组织的匹配有助于减弱新移民知识员工的跨区域流动意愿;与工作直接相关的牺牲或与工作无直接相关的牺牲都会增加新移民知识员工跨区域流动的顾虑,降低他们的跨区域流动概率.%The organization embeddedness theory is extended to the studies of Chinese new immigrant knowledge worker cross regional turnover. From the perspective of organizational embeddedness it is to explore the intrinsic motivation of the new immigrants knowledge workers when they make trans-regional voluntary turnover decision. The research showed that on the basis of these three dimensions (link, fit and sacrifice) of the classical model of organizational embeddedness, these dimensions were subdivided to seven sub-dimensions; Based on the relationship accumulation link and the time accumulation link have significantly negative effects on new immigrant knowledge workers' trans-regional voluntory turnover; Person job fit, individual team fit and person-organization fit will weaken their trans-regional turnover intention; Directly related to the job sacrifice and indirectly related to the job sacrifice increase their trans-regional turnover concerns and reduce trans-regional turnover behavior.

  2. 某市建筑工人艾滋病知识、态度和行为调查%Cross-sectional study on the AIDS related knowledge,attitudes and behaviors in the migrant construction worker in Wuhu area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓龙; 陈凌子; 姚安军; 张涛; 郝娟娟; 袁明; 文育锋

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To understand the perception of the migrant construction workers on the knowledge,attitudes and behaviors towards HIV/AIDS for supplying evidences with health education for this population group .Methods:By convenient cluster sampling,we conducted a survey on 445 migrant con-struction worker on their knowledge,attitudes and behaviors towards HIV/AIDS.Results:Although 39.1% of the respondents had the awareness on HIV/AIDS,only 24.7% understood that the ′mosquito bites could not spread AIDS′.Logistic regression analysis showed that the positive factors to obtain HIV/AIDS knowledge were associated with longer working experiences,better educational background,interest in newspaper and book reading as well as availa-bility of free publicity materials.Only 36.6% of construction workers were willing to make friends with HIV/AIDS victims,and discrimination perception towards the HIV/AIDS sufferers most occurred in the respondents with poorer awareness(r=0.356,P=0.000).13.4% of construction workers had the first sexual attempt at 18 years of age or less,and 21.6% had sex partner more than one.10.0% of respondents confessed that they had had commercial sex in the past one year,and 56.0%had never used the condom in such sex trade.Conclusion:Our findings suggest that awareness of HIV/AIDS is poorer in the migrant construction workers,who posses discrimination conception towards the HIV/AIDS victims,especially this population group themselves have higher risks to spread HIV/AIDS.%目的:了解芜湖市建筑工人艾滋病知识、态度、行为状况,为今后开展建筑工人艾滋病健康教育活动提供科学依据。方法:方便整群抽取芜湖市五个建筑工地445名工人进行调查。结果:调查对象的艾滋病知识知晓率为39.1%,仅有24.7%的人知晓“蚊子叮咬不会传播艾滋病”,多因素Logistic回归分析发现:参加工作时间长、文化程度高、通过报刊书籍和免

  3. Investigation of cognitive status of hospital cleaning workers about the AIDS related knowledge%医院保洁人员对艾滋病相关知识的认知状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王丽芹; 陈东方; 夏亮; 孟萌; 陈瑜; 杨晓红

    2015-01-01

    OBJECTIVE To explore the currently cognitive status on AIDS related knowledge among hospital clean‐ing workers so as to put forward reasonable proposals and measures .METHODS Totally 165 cleaning workers were investigated with self‐designed questionnaire by random cluster sampling in Jul .2014 in the hospital .RESULTS In 165 cleaning workers ,147 of them knew about AIDS and the awareness rate was 89 .9% .The correct rate about the fact that the seeming healthy people may be AIDS infected was 43 .6% ;the completely correct rate on three major transmission route of AIDS were 78(47 .3% ) ,the average knowledge rate was 62 .6% .A total of 148 clean‐ing workers knew that skin puncture by medical machines can increase the chance of acquiring AIDS and the awareness rate was 89 .7% .The investigation objects suffered fear and worry at different levels towards AIDS in‐fected people ,115 (69 .7% )people believed that AIDS patients should be given the same medical service ,only 79 (47 .9% )were still willing to work with friends who suffered AIDS ;all 165 subjects were willing to be trained on the AIDS related knowledge and the training approaches they mainly chose were to watch image data such as video and propaganda film ,and centralized instruction .CONCLUSION The cognitive status of hospital cleaning workers on AIDS related knowledge was not optimistic;managers should strengthen the training and education on AIDS knowledge ,establish the hospital cleaning workers occupational protection rules and regulations ,and enhance the self‐protection ability of the cleaning workers .%目的:了解医院保洁人员对艾滋病相关知识的认知现状,为提出合理化建议和措施提供依据。方法自行设计调查表,采用整群抽样的方法,2014年7月对医院165名保洁人员进行调查。结果165名医院保洁人员中,147人知晓艾滋病,知晓率为89.1%;认为每个人均有可能感染艾滋病者有72人,知晓率为43.6

  4. Radiological Worker Training: Radiological Worker 2 study guides

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Upon completion of this training course, the participant will have the knowledge to work safely in areas controlled for radiological purposes using proper radiological practices. Radiological Worker H Training, for the worker whose job assignment involves entry into Radiological Buffer Areas and all types of Radiation Contamination and Airborne Radioactivity Areas. This course is designed to prepare the worker to work safely in and around radiological areas and present methods to use to ensure individual radiation exposure is maintained As Low As Reasonably Achievable

  5. 知识型员工工作压力与工作绩效的关系研究%Research on the Relationship between Job Stress and Job Performance of Knowledge Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    鲍军

    2016-01-01

    To stimulate the work potential of knowledge workers,and improve work performance,the author reviewed some literatures and then defined the concept of knowledge type employees. Combing the existing research of job stress and jobperformance relationship,the paper determined the work pressure dimension,including work pressure itself,organizational trust pressure and career development pressure. And also the job performance dimension was determined,including task performance and innovative performance. Meantime,two individual difference variables of self-efficacy and learning goal orientation are introduced to improve the theoretical model of job stress and job performance from new perspectives. The empirical research results of 226different knowledge workers group questionnaire showed that knowledge worker’s work pressure itself and career development pressure had positive significantly influence on task performance and innovation performance,organizational trust pressure had negative significantly influence on task performance and innovation performance;self-efficacy and learning goal orientation in the relationship between job stress and job performance had a significant moderating effect.%为激发知识型员工的工作潜力,提高工作绩效,回顾相关文献,明确了知识型员工的概念,梳理了工作压力与工作绩效关系的现有研究,确定出工作本身压力、组织信任压力和职业发展压力的工作压力维度以及任务绩效、创新绩效的工作绩效维度,并引入自我效能和学习目标导向两个个体差异变量,从全新视角完善工作压力影响工作绩效的理论模型。226份不同公司知识型员工群体调查问卷的实证研究结果显示:知识型员工的工作本身压力与职业发展压力正向显著影响任务绩效和创新绩效,组织信任压力负向显著影响任务绩效和创新绩效;自我效能和学习目标导向在工作压力与工作绩效关系

  6. Knowledge level estimation of medical workers participating in rendering of emergency medical aid to children at a pre-hospital stage

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    V.M. Popkov

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Estimation of qualifying preparation of the doctors participating in rendering of emergency medical aid to children. Material: On the basis of the developed test cards the analysis of doctors' knowledge level of the first help on the basic questions of emergency medicine is carried out. 120 doctors are interrogated. Results compared depending on age, work experience and presence of a qualifying professional category. Results: As a whole answers of respondents were distributed as follows: unsatisfactorily - 2,6 %; satisfactorily - 7,9 %; well - 18,4 %; perfectly - 71,1 %. Distinctions in a dale of right answers on separate sections of knowledge depending on the experience and a qualifying professional category are established. The conclusion: The weakest places in preparation of experts of the first help on which it is necessary to pay special attention in courses of postdegree preparation are revealed

  7. Survey on blood folic acid level and knowledge, attitude and practice about it amongmigrant reproductive female workers in Shenzhen%深圳市外来育龄女工血叶酸水平及知信行调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    罗荣; 钟元枝; 麦彩玲; 廖爱玲; 文爱艳; 詹海花; 黄俊芳; 邵丽平

    2012-01-01

    To investigate the blood folic acid of migrant reproductive female workers and the association between their knowledge, attitude and practice ( PAK ) related with folic acid and education level, income and age, so as to improve their cognition on birth defect prevention. Methods Self-developed questionnaires were used to investigate 820 migrant reproductive female workers ( floating group ) and 336 resident reproductive female workers ( resident group ) in Shenzhen Guanluan, and health education on relevant knowledge was provided during survey. Univariate analysis was made on relevant indexes. Results Of 1 156 participants, only 116 ( 10.0% ) knew the function of folic acid and 360 ( 31. 1% ) knew that the folic acid deficiency would affect neural development of embryo. The age, income and education level of them might be related with the cognition on folic acid deficiency. The level of blood serum folic acid and red blood cell folic acid in floating group was lower than that of resident group, but the differences were not statistically significant ( both P > 0. 05 ). The rate of folic acid deficiency in blood serum and red blood cell were higher in floating group and the differences were significant (x2 was 18. 987 and 19. 581 respectively, both P 0.05);流动组血清和红细胞叶酸减低发生率均高于常住组,差异有统计学意义(χ2值分别为18.987和19.581,均P<0.05);职业类别中流动组普工血清和红细胞叶酸减低发生率高于非普工,差异有统计学意义(χ2值分别为17.356和21.312,均P<0.05),文化程度中流动组和常住组初中或以下者血清叶酸减低发生率均高于高中或以上者,差异有统计学意义(χ2值分别为18.875和25.345,均P<0.05).结论 育龄妇女对叶酸的知信行较低,需进一步加强育龄妇女尤其是外来育龄女工对叶酸知识的认识.

  8. Conhecimento e atitudes dos profissionais de saúde em relação à violência de gênero Knowledge and attitudes of healthcare workers towards gender based violence

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Elisabeth Meloni Vieira

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available OBJETIVOS: Várias são as políticas públicas no Brasil para o enfrentamento da violência contra a mulher. Registra-se na literatura que os profissionais de saúde acham o tema de difícil abordagem. Para melhorar o atendimento no SUS em Ribeirão Preto, realizou-se um estudo para avaliar o conhecimento e a atitude dos profissionais de saúde em relação à violência de gênero. MÉTODOS: Contataram-se 278 profissionais de saúde, dos quais 221 foram entrevistados utilizando-se um questionário estruturado. RESULTADOS: 51 (23,0% eram enfermeiras e 170 (77,0% médicos; 119 (53,8% homens e 102 (46,2% mulheres, com idade média de 38,6 anos; 200 (90,5% consideravam-se brancos ou asiáticos e 21 (9,5% pretos e pardos. Tinham em média 12,5 anos de vida profissional e 158 (68,8% eram oriundos de universidade pública. Apenas pouco mais da metade (58,7% mostrou conhecimento geral adequado (bom e alto sobre a violência de gênero, o que indica a necessidade de capacitar os profissionais para este atendimento. Em relação às barreiras para averiguar a violência, os profissionais citaram a falta de uma política institucional e o silêncio da mulher que não revela a violência. Os entrevistados, em particular as mulheres jovens, apresentaram atitudes mais favoráveis para o acolhimento da mulher em situação de violência. CONCLUSÕES: A maioria dos entrevistados demonstrou atitudes positivas e podemos inferir que há bom potencial para o manejo adequado dos casos, se receberem capacitação.OBJECTIVES: There are several public policies to deal with violence against women in Brazil. The literature has reported that healthcare workers find this subject difficult to approach. To improve care in the public health system (SUS of Ribeirão Preto, a study was conducted aiming to assess knowledge and attitudes of healthcare workers regarding gender violence. METHODS: A total 278 healthcare workers were contacted and 221 were interviewed using a

  9. Healthcare workers and prevention of hepatitis C virus transmission: exploring knowledge, attitudes and evidence-based practices in hemodialysis units in Italy

    OpenAIRE

    Bianco Aida; Bova Francesca; Nobile Carmelo GA; Pileggi Claudia; Pavia Maria

    2013-01-01

    Abstract Background Evidence exists regarding the full prevention of HCV transmission to hemodialysis patients by implementing universal precaution. However, little information is available regarding the frequency with which hospitals have adopted evidence-based practices for preventing HCV infection among hemodialysis patients. A cross-sectional survey has been conducted among nurses in Calabria region (Italy) in order to acquire information about the level of knowledge, the attitudes and th...

  10. Return Migration and Geography of Innovation in MNEs: A Natural Experiment of On-the-job Learning of Knowledge Production by Local Workers Reporting to Return Migrants

    OpenAIRE

    Choudhury, Prithwiraj

    2016-01-01

    I study whether return migrants facilitate knowledge production by local employees working for them at geographically distant R&D locations. Using unique personnel and patenting data for 1,315 employees at the Indian R&D center of a Fortune 500 technology firm, I exploit a natural experiment where the assignment of managers for newly hired college graduates is mandated by rigid HR rules and is uncorrelated to observable characteristics of the graduates. Given this assignment protocol, I find ...

  11. 深圳市工厂工人艾滋病知识、态度、行为调查%Survey on HIV/AIDS knowledge,attitude and behaviors among migrant factory workers in Shenzhen

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    房丽; 白雪; 魏伟; 叶郁辉; 方豪; 陈惠燕; 陈丽华; 郭卉; 王琦

    2015-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市工厂工人对艾滋病的知识、态度、行为状况,为进一步开展流动人口艾滋病预防控制工作提供依据。方法采用整群随机抽样的方法,运用自行设计的调查问卷进行匿名调查。结果496名工厂工人艾滋病相关知识总知晓率为56.3%,性别、文化程度、外出打工年限和月收入是影响工人艾滋病知晓率的主要因素;44.6%的人认为艾滋病患者是疾病的受害者,应得到同情和帮助,有51.4%的人愿意在无危害前提下与艾滋病人正常交往,但只有22.8%的人会给予帮助;有35.5%的人有婚外性行为,仅21.0%的人在发生婚外性行为时每次使用安全套,有4.2%的人有同性性行为,只有12.4%的人坚持每次使用安全套。结论深圳市工厂工人对艾滋病的认知水平还较低且艾滋病知识掌握不全面,需要进一步加强对艾滋病的宣传教育。%Objective:To learn the knowledge,attitude and behaviors among migrant factory workers in Shenzhen,to provide a scientific basis for further effective prevention and control of HIV/ AIDS in floating population. Methods:Cluster random sampling method and self-designed questionnaire were used,and anonymous questionnaire survey carried out. Re-sults:The total awareness rate of HIV/ AIDS-related knowledge in 496 factory workers was 56. 3% ,the gender,educational background,years of work outside and monthly income were the main influencing factors. 44. 6% of people believed that AIDS patients were victims and they deserved sympathy and help. There was 51. 4% of people who were willing to contact AIDS patients in case of no harming,but only 22. 8% of people were willing to give help. 35. 5% of the workers had non-married sexual activity,and only 21. 02% insisted on using condom every time they had sex. 4. 2% of men had homosexual behavior,and only 12. 4% insisted on using condom every time they had sex. Conclusion:HIV/ AIDS-related knowledge

  12. Conocimiento y uso de métodos anticonceptivos en mujeres que ejercen la prostitución en Asturias Knowledge and use of contraceptive methods in female sex workers in Asturias [Spain

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Domingo Ojer Tsakiridu

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available Objetivo: Describir el conocimiento de los métodos contraceptivos y el uso que hacen de ellos las mujeres que ejercen la prostitución en Asturias. Métodos: Estudio transversal mediante cuestionario autoadministrado a 212 mujeres. Resultados: El 61,2% refería tener información suficiente sobre métodos contraceptivos, aunque el conocimiento real es menor. En su última relación comercial en un 2,4% no tuvo una actitud eficaz para prevenir el embarazo y en la última privada, el 20,4%. El método más usado fue el preservativo y el 52,2% de quienes lo usaron en la última relación comercial añadieron otro método eficaz. En caso de rotura, el 40% de las encuestadas no tuvo una actitud eficaz para evitar el embarazo. Conclusiones: El conocimiento contraceptivo en estas mujeres es menor del que cabría esperar por la actividad que realizan. El uso de otro método eficaz asociado al preservativo es escaso para evitar embarazos no deseados. Muchas mujeres no tienen una actitud eficaz para evitarlos en caso de rotura del preservativo.Objective: To describe the knowledge and use of contraceptive methods among female sex workers in Asturias (Spain. Methods: We performed a descriptive cross-sectional study of 212 female sex workers by means of a self-completed questionnaire. Results: 61.2% of the women claimed to have sufficient information about contraceptive methods, although the real knowledge measured was much lower. Effective contraception was not used by 2.4% of the women in their last commercial relationship and by 20.4% in their private relationships. The most commonly employed method was the condom, but only 52.2% of the women who had used one in their previous commercial relationships did so together with another effective method. In the event of breakage, 40% of women did not have an attitude that would be effective in avoiding pregnancy. Conclusions: Knowledge about contraceptive methods among these women is lower than might be

  13. The Differential Effects of Job Design on Knowledge Workers and Manual Workers:A Field Quasi-experiment in China%工作设计对知识型员工和体力工作者的差异化影响:一个现场准实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂红伟; 严鸣; 周星

    2011-01-01

    虽然泰勒主义似乎已被工作设计所替代,但是近来有些学者们注意到工作设计并未起到预期的效果.该研究旨在探讨工作类型作为一个重要的调节变量,影响着这两种观点的适用性.通过一个纵向现场准实验设计研究,结果证实了工作类型的调节作用,即工作丰富化对知识型员工和体力工作者工作产出的影响存在显著差异.这一结果表明,泰勒主义和工作设计思想并无优劣之分.该文的研究结果对人力资源管理实践的发展,具有一定的现实指导意义.%Along with the revolution in the structure of work in organizations, job design research seems to have developed to its peak and gradually lost its attraction. While enriched jobs have proliferated since the 1980's, more and more studies have found that it is difficult to generalize universal effects of job design across all situations for all workers. It calls into doubt whether job enrichment has really resolved the problems created by "Taylorizing" jobs and raises the question of whether Taylorist principles have really become obsolete for current human resource management (HRM). Responding to these concerns, we aim to extend job design research by examining the distinct effects of job enrichment on satisfaction and performance for two different types of workers. Accordingly, the specific goals of this article and the differences between the past literature and the present study rest with the proposition that worker type (knowledge workers vs. Manual workers) may be a potential factor moderating the impact of job enrichment on work outcomes, that is, KWs and MWs will respond differently to comparable job enrichment manipulations.To test the hypotheses, we conducted a quasi-experimental field study with computer programmers and maintenance workers. The research site was the head office of an IT company in Shenzhen, China, and 280 participants were randomly selected with an equal number from

  14. Survey on health knowledge and behavior among new generation migrant workers from the rural%新生代农民工健康知识与健康行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    和红; 智欣

    2011-01-01

    Objective To know the status on health knowledge and behavior among new generation migrant worker from the rural, and to provide scientific evidence for formulating effective intervention measure. Methods A questionnaire survey was conducted among 1712 new generation migrant workers from the rural and 997 local residents from three cities in 2010. Results The awareness rate of health knowledge and health behavior formation rate of new generation migrant workers were 66. 1% and 57. 1% respectively, and were higher than those of the local residents (were 74. 8% and 65. 1% respectively, P <0.05). The awareness rate of "good life style is beneficial to healthy", "balance diet" , and "food with more Vitamin C" were the top three in order, and health concept was the lowest. The formation rate of "often eat fruits and vegetables" , "drinking less", and "no smoking or stop smoking" were the top three, and physical exercise was the lowest there were significant differences between different age, gender, education and the awareness rate of health knowledge or the formation rate of health behavior (P <0.05). Conclusion Systematic and comprehensive health education should be provided for promoting the increase of health knowledge and strengthening the formation of health behavior.%目的 了解新生代农民工健康知识与健康行为,为制定有针对性的干预措施提供理论依据.方法 采用多阶段抽样,自拟问卷于2010年11 ~12月对北京、上海和深圳地区年龄介于18~30岁的1712名新生代农民工和997名当地入口进行了健康知识和健康行为的问卷调查.结果 新生代农民工健康知识平均知晓率为66.1%,健康行为平均形成率为57.1%,均低于当地人口(分别为74.8%和65.1%,P<0.05);新生代农民工健康知识知晓率以规律生活习惯有益健康、合理膳食有益健康、富含维生素C的食物位居前3位,健康概念的知晓率最低;新生代农民工健康行为形成率

  15. Older workers

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Ybema,J.F.; Giesen, F.

    2014-01-01

    Due to an ageing population and global economic competition, there is a societal need for people to extend their working lives while maintaining high work productivity. This article presents an overview of the labour participation, job performance, and job characteristics of older workers in the Eur

  16. The role and limitation of underground research laboratories to foster development of expertise, information exchange, transfer of knowledge, and confidence building through international co-operation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The rationale for constructing and operating underground rock laboratories (URL) is basically the need for carrying out Research and Technical Development (RTD) work under realistic conditions in realistic environments. Full scale experiments and tests are possible. Because of the limited number of existing URLs in each type of considered repository host rock, see Figure 1, and the high costs for large scale experiments international co-operation and networking have become a fruitful as well as traditional way of conducting the work in the URLs. This co-operation and networking have progressively developed into other areas than pure RTD work, and show that added value may be achieved in URLs in also many other areas. The paper gives examples of good experience and points out future ways of enhancing this kind of added. value within four areas: development of expertise; information exchange; transfer of knowledge, and confidence building. (author)

  17. The Differential Effects of Job Design on Knowledge Workers and Manual Workers:A Field Quasi-experiment in China%工作设计对知识型员工和体力工作者的差异化影响:一个现场准实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    涂红伟; 严鸣; 周星

    2011-01-01

    虽然泰勒主义似乎已被工作设计所替代,但是近来有些学者们注意到工作设计并未起到预期的效果.该研究旨在探讨工作类型作为一个重要的调节变量,影响着这两种观点的适用性.通过一个纵向现场准实验设计研究,结果证实了工作类型的调节作用,即工作丰富化对知识型员工和体力工作者工作产出的影响存在显著差异.这一结果表明,泰勒主义和工作设计思想并无优劣之分.该文的研究结果对人力资源管理实践的发展,具有一定的现实指导意义.%Along with the revolution in the structure of work in organizations, job design research seems to have developed to its peak and gradually lost its attraction. While enriched jobs have proliferated since the 1980's, more and more studies have found that it is difficult to generalize universal effects of job design across all situations for all workers. It calls into doubt whether job enrichment has really resolved the problems created by "Taylorizing" jobs and raises the question of whether Taylorist principles have really become obsolete for current human resource management (HRM). Responding to these concerns, we aim to extend job design research by examining the distinct effects of job enrichment on satisfaction and performance for two different types of workers. Accordingly, the specific goals of this article and the differences between the past literature and the present study rest with the proposition that worker type (knowledge workers vs. Manual workers) may be a potential factor moderating the impact of job enrichment on work outcomes, that is, KWs and MWs will respond differently to comparable job enrichment manipulations.To test the hypotheses, we conducted a quasi-experimental field study with computer programmers and maintenance workers. The research site was the head office of an IT company in Shenzhen, China, and 280 participants were randomly selected with an equal number from

  18. Knowledge assessment of Cienfuegos´ health workers on human toxocariasis. Evaluación de los conocimientos sobre la toxocariosis humana del personal médico del municipio de Cienfuegos.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Martina S. Jiménez Suárez

    Full Text Available Background: Human toxocariasis is one of the most worldwide extended zoonosis. It mainly affects children and it is not always well known by medical staff. Objective: To assess knowledge of Cienfuegos´s health workers on human toxocariasis. Method: A descriptive cross-sectional study was developed from May to September 2005 and a survey was applied to a total sample of 51 doctors through a randomized, stratified sampling. In addition to consider professional category, years of experience and knowledge on zoonosis, we analyzed different aspects the form the variable general knowledge on human toxocariasis. Findings: We could develop a knowledge assessment on toxocariasis in Cienfuegos´ doctors. These findings were compared with surveys in other countries. There is not history of this kind of research in Cuba. Conclusions: Cienfuegos´ doctors knowledge on toxocariasis diagnosis, transmission, and prevention and not satisfactory except for clinic and treatment.Fundamento: La toxocariosis humana es una de las zoonosis más extendidas a escala mundial. Afecta principalmente a la población infantil y no siempre es bien conocida por el personal médico. Objetivo: Evaluar los conocimientos sobre toxocariosis humana del personal médico del municipio Cienfuegos. Método: Se realizó un estudio descriptivo de corte transversal de mayo a septiembre del 2005 y se aplicó una encuesta a una muestra total de 51 médicos a través de un muestreo aleatorio y estratificado por los diferentes consejos populares. Además de considerar categoría profesional, años de experiencia de la especialidad y capacitación o no sobre zoonosis, se analizaron varios aspectos que conforman la variable conocimiento general sobre toxocariosis humana. Resultados: Se logró con esta investigación realizar una evaluación del

  19. Survey on depression related knowledge and attitudes among express delivery workers of post office%邮政快递人员抑郁障碍相关知识及态度的调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张晓; 韦波; 唐峥华; 刘丹; 尹富权; 罗玉智; 张瑜; 陈强; 潘润德

    2013-01-01

    Objective To acknowledge baseline status of depression related knowledge and attitude among express delivery workers of post office. Methods A total of 241 express delivery workers in post office of Guangxi Zhuang autonomous region were selected with randomized cluster sampling. A self-designed questionnaire about depression related knowledge and attitudes was used. Results 192 valid questionnaires were retrieved. 57. 8% of subjects were able to recognize depression in a vignette. Regression analysis showed that male, younger age, higher education level, easy to get information on mental health, having heard of mental illnesses and depression were positive associated factors with correct cognition (P <0.05). 91. 1% of subjects could recognize daily stress as one of risk factors. 87. 5% of subjects could correctly consider psychological consultation as one of useful treatment to cure depression, while higher education level and recognition of depression were positive factors (P < 0. 05 ). Factors associated with discriminating and stigmatizing attitudes included lack of recognition and having mental ill relatives (P < 0. 01). Conclusion It is needed to implement a mental health literacy intervention targeted at express delivery workers in post office, building convenient access to depression related knowledge would help them to understand the discrimination, stigma and intervention of depression more comprehensively.%目的 了解邮政快递人员有关抑郁障碍相关知识知晓率以及态度现况,为开展相关人群抑郁障碍的健康教育和健康促进提供依据.方法 用整群抽样的方法抽取广西邮政快递部门241名员工,采用自行编制和组合的抑郁障碍相关知识及态度问卷进行调查.结果 回收有效问卷192份.其中57.8%的调查对象能准确识别抑郁障碍病例.回归分析显示,男性、年龄较小、受过高等教育、平时方便接受心理健康知识、以前听说过一些心理问题、

  20. Preparing the radiation protection worker to meet multiple needs

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    At the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL) the radiation protection worker aids in protecting personnel and their surrounding environment from the hazards of radiation. These individuals use their technical knowledge, skills, and abilities to survey and monitor various project-related activities. They must also provide guidance in project design, development, and implementation. These combined efforts assure that protective measures are taken in accordance with applicable standards. The ORNL performance-based training program enhances the skills of the worker. The program incorporates job specific information on the diverse facilities and activities monitored with basic fundamentals of radiation protection. Successful completion of this program includes passing both a qualification exam and an on-the-job skills review. This paper details the structure of such a program and explains the strategies taken to reach the program's goals. 4 refs., 2 tabs

  1. Knowledge and the European city

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Van Winden, W.

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses and illustrates the ‘knowledge turn’ in urban policy across Europe. We identify four manifestations of it: 1) widespread efforts to lure knowledge workers; 2) a growing involvement of knowledge institutes in urban development and planning processes, 3) an explicit ‘knowledge bas

  2. Educação ambiental e o conhecimento do trabalhador em saúde sobre situações de risco Environmental education and health workers' knowledge on risk situations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Miriam Maraninchi Alam

    2005-12-01

    Full Text Available Este texto trata da análise, no processo de trabalho em saúde, das características do conhecimento adquirido e produzido pelos trabalhadores, acerca da prevenção e controle de acidentes com materiais perfurocortantes e fluidos biológicos no ambiente hospitalar. Verifica a presença ou não de uma visão integrada de saúde entre trabalhador e instituição. Caracteriza-se como uma pesquisa quantitativa, com progressiva análise contextualizada e, portanto, com um enfoque qualitativo do problema, apoiada em conceitos de educação ambiental, trabalho e saúde. Um total de 130 trabalhadores, em dois Hospitais Universitários da Região Sul do extremo sul do Rio Grande do Sul, em setores de clínica médica, cirúrgica e de pronto atendimento. A análise dos dados foi realizada por meio do cruzamento dos ambientes institucionais e das categorias profissionais com variáveis que caracterizam o processo de trabalho. Entre os dois ambientes institucionais estudados, o Ambiente Institucional "B" apresentou um trabalho educativo, de prevenção e controle mais atuante do que no Ambiente Institucional "A" e, conseqüentemente, uma maior aderência de seus trabalhadores sobre a necessidade de trabalharem com mais segurança.This work intents to analyse, on the health-care work environment, the characteristics of the knowledge acquired and produced by the workers, about accidents prevention and control with cutting material and biological fluids in the hospital environment. It verifies the presence or not of an integrated vision of health between the worker and the institution. It can be described as a quantitative research, in combination with a progressive and contextualized analysis that, therefore, brings a qualitative approach of the problem, supported in concepts as ambiental education, work and health. A total of 130 workers, in two college hospitals situated on the extreme south of the South region of the Rio Grande do Sul, of medical pratice

  3. The Knowledge Retrieval Matrix

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Gammelgaard, Jens; Ritter, Thomas

    2004-01-01

    AbstractPrevious discussions of knowledge transfer within multinational corporations tended tofocus on the process as an isolated phenomenon and on the factors that impede the process.Less attention has been given to how the individual knowledge worker retrieves or identifies,and then decodes...

  4. The Relationship Between Non-material Incentive of Knowledge Workers and Innovation Performance%知识型员工非物质激励与创新绩效的关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白贵玉; 徐向艺; 徐鹏

    2016-01-01

    本文以中国企业为研究对象,对知识型员工非物质激励与创新绩效之间的关系进行实证分析,同时检验创新合法性在两者关系中的中介作用。结果表明:知识型员工非物质激励中情感激励、环境激励对组织创新绩效和创新合法性均存在显著正向影响;晋升激励与创新绩效、创新合法性不存在显著相关关系;组织创新合法性的提升有利于促进创新绩效;创新合法性在情感激励、环境激励与创新绩效的关系中具有部分中介作用,即知识型员工情感激励、环境激励对创新绩效的正向影响部分是通过提升创新合法性实现的。%Taking Chinese enterprises as the research object,this paper makes empirical analysis of the relationship between knowledge workers’ non-material incentive and the innovation performance,the intermediary role of innovation legitimacy in the relationship between non-material incentive and the innovation performance is also tested.The results show that:the emotional incentive and the environmental incentive dimensions of knowledge workers non-material incentive both have significant positive effect on the organizational innovation performance and innovation legitimacy;there is no significant correlation between promotion incentive and innovation performance;the relationship between promotion incentive and innovation legitimacy is also non-significant;promotion of the degree of organizational innovation legitimacy can be beneficial to the organization innovation performance;in the relationship of emotional motivation,environment incentive and innovation performance,the innovation legitimacy has a partial mediation effect,that is,the positive influence of the knowledge employee’s emotion incentive and environmental incentive on the innovation performance is partially achieved by improving the innovation legitimacy.

  5. Metaphors for Knowledge in Knowledge Intensive Groups

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Greve, Linda

    2016-01-01

    answers to what knowledge is. It could be outlined as a dichotomy between tacit and explicit knowledge, as a hierarchy from data over information to knowledge or as orders of reflection upon ones own knowledge in relation to the surrounding world. In this dissertation the focus is on knowledge...... cognitive process rather than a number of individual processes. The dissertation is a compilation of four contributions in addition to an introductory part on theory and methodology and a concluding part. The four contributions are: 1. A book chapter for Handbook of Language and Metaphor to be published......, the conclusion drawn with regards to the research question is that knowledge is conceptualized in multiple ways by groups of knowledge workers. Further, it can be concluded that a multimodal approach to analysis, taking into account the analysis of metaphors in language, gesture as well as joint epistemic action...

  6. The Knowledge Economy and University Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Connell, Raewyn

    2015-01-01

    This article is a condensed analysis of the developing sustainability crisis of Australian universities. It is based on an address to National Council of the National Tertiary Education Union, Melbourne, 3 October 2014. Thanks to all my fellow-members, who have kept my hopes for the modern university alive.

  7. Knowledge Workers' Perceptions of Performance Ratings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Smith, Alan D.; Rupp, William T.

    2004-01-01

    One major purpose of performance appraisals is to determine individual merit, especially where pay for performance systems are employed. Based upon expectancy theory, high performance ratings should entail high merit increases while low performance ratings result in low merit increases. However, it appears that decoupling performance ratings and…

  8. Conhecimento e estereótipo de trabalhadores acerca da hipertensão Conocimiento y estereotipo de trabajadores respecto a la hipertensión Knowledge and stereotypes of workers concerning hypertension

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maria Euridéa de Castro

    2006-08-01

    adecuarse a una condición de vida sana.The prevention of arterial hypertension has not been an easy task, due to the difficulties of access to the health system. The objectives of this study were to ascertain the amount of worker's knowledge concerning blood pressure and hypertension as well as about the practice of measuring blood pressure. This descriptive study was done at the State University in Fortaleza-Ceará. The universe was a simple random sample of 35 workers. A lack of knowledge about blood pressure and hypertension was found, as well as cultural issues between professionals and system users not being in agreement with the teaching-learning process. It was concluded that strategies which allow for a wider participation in the program and in hypertension campaigns are needed. The beginning of this change has as a basis primary care, which allows the population to make choices which fit a healthy life-style, from a critical position.

  9. A survey of current status of STD/AIDS related knowledge and health care-seeking behaviors among female sex workers in Zhaoqing City%肇庆市暗娼人群STD/AIDS相关知识及求医行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马福生; 崔建祥; 陈发颖; 孙建莉; 吴晓红; 温小飞

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解肇庆市暗娼对STD/AIDS相关知识的掌握程度及求医行为,为在暗娼人群中开展有针对性的STD/AIDS防治策略提供科学依据.方法 采用面对面问卷调查的方式,对肇庆市娱乐场所346名暗娼人员STD/AIDS相关知识及求医行为进行调查.结果 肇庆市暗娼人群对STD/AIDS基本知识及安全套使用知识总体知晓率分别为74.3%、75.0%,全部答对率分别为36.1%、26.3%;正确就医比例为87.3%;获取STD/AIDS知识来源主要通过书报杂志(55.0%)、电视或广播(54.3%)等大众传播媒介.结论 暗娼人群STD/AIDS相关知识有待提高,暗娼人员的STD/AIDS防治知识宣传教育工作仍需要进一步加强.%Aim To investigate the STD/AIDS related knowledge and health care-seeking behavior among female sex workers in Zhaoqing and provide scientific basis for copnrol of STD/AIDS among female sex workers. Methods Face to face questionnaire survey was conducted to survey STD/AIDS related knowledge and health care-seeking behaviors among 346 female sex workers in public entertainment places n Zhaoqing. Results The general awareness rates of the basic STD/AIDS knowledge and condom usage were 74.3% and 75.0% ,respectively, but the complete correct rates was only 36.1% and 26.3%,respectively. The correct rate of seeking medical was 87.3%.The female sex workers attained the STD/AIDS related knowledge mainly through the mass communication media such as newspapers or journals (55.0%),TV or radio (54.3%). Conclusion The female sex workers' knowledge of STD/AIDS need to be further improved and the practice od propaganda and health education be carried out among female sex workers for controllingSTD/AIDS.

  10. Reducing workers' compensation costs.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Killian, M J

    1994-01-01

    Employers can reduce their workers' compensation costs by encouraging internal communication and education before and after injuries occur. Comprehensive workers' compensation programs can be developed by integrating the management of employee benefits and workers' compensation claims. PMID:10133659

  11. Knowledge Management: Usefulness of Knowledge to Organizational Managers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Klein, Roy L.

    2010-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to determine the level of knowledge-usefulness to organizational managers. The determination of the level of usefulness provided organizational managers with a reliable measure of their decision-making. Organizational workers' perceptions of knowledge accessibility, quality of knowledge content, timeliness, and user…

  12. Submarine gravitative mass movements in the ``Corinth Gulf'' graben in Greece. A natural laboratory for the enhancement of present day knowledge on mass movements.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Papatheodorou, G.; Stefatos, A.; Christodoulou, D.; Ferentinos, G.

    2003-04-01

    caused by the deformation of the underlying sediments. This can be attributed to the partial loss of sediment strength due to either the remoulding or excess pore fluid pressure caused by the cyclic loading induced by the earthquake. Historical observations give evidence that: (i) coastal mass movements like those described above have also occurred in the past, (ii) mass movements have been triggered by earthquakes or heavy rain and (iii) the frequency occurrence of mass movements all over the Corinth Gulf graben may be once in every two or three years. These mass movements have caused destruction to the coastal infrastructure and also to offshore submarine cables. The review of the state of the art on the existing knowledge suggests, that in the past three decades, there have been great scientific and engineering advances in the recognition of mass movements on the seafloor and of the basic geological processes involved. There is however, a lack of scientific knowledge related to the prediction of the reactivation of existing mass movements and to the identification of slopes prone to failure. This knowledge could be acquired by the continuous monitoring of the changes in the physical and mechanical properties of the sediments. The study of the continuous changes in the sediment properties is hindered mainly by the high cost of monitoring in the unfriendly ocean environment. Taking the aforementioned into consideration, and bearing in mind that the Gulf of Corinth is a semi-enclosed embayment characterized by calm sea conditions, the Gulf would therefore, be an ideal natural laboratory for the further advancement of present day knowledge on mass movement processes and slope stability prediction.

  13. The Foreign Workers and Foreign Workers' German.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackshire-Belay, Carol

    Foreign Workers' German (FWG) refers to the acquired German language skills of workers from various countries who were recruited to West Germany between 1955 and 1973 to fill menial, undesirable jobs. Contact between these workers and native German speakers was limited because of the nature of the foreigners' work, the tendency toward residential…

  14. 深圳市观澜街道工厂外来女工意外妊娠相关知识调查分析%Investigation and analysis of accidental pregnancy-related knowledge among migrant female workers in factories in Guanlan streets of Shenzhen City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张惠玲; 刘巍; 黄海雁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To understand the awareness of accidental pregnancy-related knowledge among migrant female workers in mining industry, and to explore measures for reduction of unintended pregnancy among this population. Methods Current status of 4 000 migrant female workers' knowledge on accidental pregnancy were surveyed by questionnaire. Results The overall awareness of reproductive physiology knowledge and contraceptive knowledge were 59.85% and 63.01% among 4 000 migrant female workers; 38.10% of unintended pregnancies were terminated with medical abortion and 24.08% understood the risks related to abortion. Conclusion There is a lack of knowledge of reproductive physiology among migrant female workers in factories of Shenzhen city; a large proportion is concerned about contraceptive knowledge, but there are problems on the choice of contraceptive methods; the population lack awareness of risk of accidental pregnancy. Efforts need to be made to achieve extensive publicity and education of reproductive physiology, contraception, unintended pregnancy among migrant female workers.%目的 了解工厂外来女工对意外妊娠相关知识的知晓情况,探讨降低工厂外来女工意外妊娠的措施.方法 采用问卷调查方式对4 000名工厂外来女工意外妊娠相关知识进行现况调查.结果 工厂外来女工对生殖生理知识和避孕知识的总体知晓率为别为59.85%和63.01%;发生意外妊娠选择药物流产者占38.10%;对人工流产的风险知晓率为24.08%.结论深圳市工厂外来女工生殖生理知识较为缺乏;对避孕知识的关注程度较高,但在避孕方法的选择上存在较多问题;对意外妊娠的风险性认知不足.需要加大力度广泛开展外来女工生殖生理健康知识和避孕、意外妊娠相关知识的宣传教育.

  15. 知识型员工激励--保健因素的实证研究——以大连软件外包企业为例%An Empirical Study on Motivation and Hygiene Factor of Knowledge Workers -- Based on Software Outsourcing Enterprise of Dalian

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王文波; 韩敏; 林波

    2012-01-01

    采用访谈和问卷调查的方法收集和掌握知识型员工激励因素和保健因素的相关资料,运用spssl7.0统计软件进行数据统计分析,得到了知识型员工的激励因素和保健因素,以及各因素对知识型员工工作积极性的影响程度和方向。最后通过对统计分析结果的进一步推论,得出本文的相关结论。%This paper collects related information and data on motivation and hygiene factors of knowledge workers through interviews and questionnaires, and analyzes them with spssl 7.0 statistical software, finding out different motivation and hygiene factors of knowledge workers as well as their impact and orientation on knowledge worker motivation. The paper then makes a correlative conclusion based on further deduction from the statistic analysis results.

  16. Worker participation - the Netherlands

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Kwantes, J.H.

    2014-01-01

    Worker participation relates to the involvement of workers in the management decision-making processes. In this article attention is focused on worker participation related to occupational safety and health in the Netherlands. Worker participation can refer either to direct or indirect participation

  17. 深圳市光明新区外来务工人员乙肝知识认知与态度行为调查分析%A survey on the knowledge,attitude and behavior of migrant workers in Guangming New District, Shenzhen on hepatitis B

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭金伟

    2013-01-01

    目的:了解深圳市外来务工人员对乙肝知识的掌握以及对待乙肝患者行为态度的情况,为今后有针对性地开展乙肝防治宣传及其他传染病管理的工作提供依据。方法:采用自制问卷对深圳市光明新区外来务工人员1068人进行调查。结果:深圳市外来务工人员对乙肝知识知晓率低,对乙型肝炎预防知识薄弱;在对待乙肝患者及病毒携带者的态度和行为上,呈现恐惧和麻木两极分化情绪。结论:深圳市外来务工人员对乙肝知识和乙型肝炎预防知识认知不足,应有针对性地进行教育引导。%Objective:To investigate the knowledge,at itude and behavior on hepatitis B of migrant workers in Guangming New District, Shenzhen, and provide references for effective publicity and management on hepatitis B and otherinfectious diseases.Methods:1068 cases of migrant workers were surveyed with a self-made questionnaire.Data was analyzed by SPSS13.0.Results:Migrant workers' knowledge and prevention awareness of hepatitis B was poor. As to the behavior and at itude towards patients and carriers of hepatitis B,they were diversified as two extreme of concern and discrimination.Conclusion:Migrant workers in Guangming New District, Shenzhen need to be educated and directed on knowledge and prevention awareness of hepatitis B.

  18. Radium dial workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The population of radium dial workers who were exposed to radium 30 to 50 years ago are currently being followed by the Center for Human Radiobiology at the Argonne National Laboratory. It is not clear that radium has induced additional malignancies in this population, other than the well-known bone sarcomas and head carcinomas, but elevated incidence rates for multiple myeloma and cancers of the colon, rectum, stomach, and breast suggest that radium might be involved. Continued follow-up of this population may resolve these questions. Finally, the question of the effect of fetal irradiation on the offspring of these women remains to be resolved. No evidence exists to suggest that any effects have occurred, but there is no question that a chronic irradiation of the developing fetus did take place. No formal follow-up of these children has yet been initiated

  19. Metallurgical Research Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — The purpose is to increase basic knowledge of metallurgical processing for controlling the microstructure and mechanical properties of metallic aerospace alloys and...

  20. 女性性工作者艾滋病相关知识及行为干预效果评价%Evaluation on intervention effect of HIV/AIDS relevant knowledge and behaviors among female commercial sex workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑维斌; 黄东升; 李艳萍; 郭建华; 杨家芳; 刘丽; 丁英; 赵彩佐; 何丽云

    2012-01-01

    目的 评估娱乐场所推广100%安全套促进项目的实施效果.方法 采用普查法对保山市昌宁县县城登记在册的娱乐场所及女性商业性工作者 (Female Sex Workers,FSW) 进行调查,用同一份国家标准行为监测问卷开展基线、中期、终期效果评估,比较,3期目标人群通过9种途径获得艾滋病相关知识的变化情况、艾滋病相关知识知晓率、安全套的可及性及需求程度、安全套使用率、自报告性病感染 (STI) 症状率的变化情况.结果 通过7种途径获得艾滋病相关知识的FSW人群比例呈增长趋势(P<0.05);艾滋病相关知识知晓率由基线的56.3%升至中期的93.8%及终期的97.6% (P<0.05);安全套可及性及需求程度明显提高(P<0.0.5);最近1次发生商业性行为安全套使用率由基线的72.9%升至中期的98.1%及终期的99.0% (P<0.001);最近1月发生商业性行为使用安全套率由基线的32.6%升至中期的82.1%及终期的90.8% (P<0.001);自报告有性病症状率由基线的23.5%降至中期的17.9%及终期的9.4%(P<0.01).结论 干预后通过7种途径获得艾滋病相关知识的FCSWs人群比例显著增加,艾滋病相关知识知晓率、安全套使用率明显提高,自报告性病症状率明显下降,干预工作效果明显.%Objective To assess the implement effect of spreading 100% using condoms in entertainment places. Method Adopting census method to investigate the recorded entertainment places and FCSWs at all levels, u-sing same national standard behaviors monitoring questionnaire for developing effect assess at baseline, meta-phase and tellocinesia, comparing the rates of obtaining knowledge through 7 approaches, HIV/AIDS related knowledge awareness rates, accessibility and demand of condom, condom using rates and self - reported sexual transmitted infection (STI) rates of the 3 periods. Results The percentage of FCSWs crowd was increased who obtained

  1. Knowledge management: implications for human service organizations.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Austin, Michael J; Claassen, Jennette; Vu, Catherine M; Mizrahi, Paola

    2008-01-01

    Knowledge management has recently taken a more prominent role in the management of organizations as worker knowledge and intellectual capital are recognized as critical to organizational success. This analysis explores the literature of knowledge management including the individual level of tacit and explicit knowledge, the networks and social interactions utilized by workers to create and share new knowledge, and the multiple organizational and managerial factors associated with effective knowledge management systems. Based on the role of organizational culture, structure, leadership, and reward systems, six strategies are identified to assist human service organizations with implementing new knowledge management systems. PMID:19064454

  2. Knowledge about knowledge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Technology and knowledge make up the knowledge capital that has been so essential to the oil and gas industry's value creation, competitiveness and internationalization. Report prepared for the Norwegian Oil Industry Association (OLF) and The Norwegian Society of Chartered Technical and Scientific Professionals (Tekna), on the Norwegian petroleum cluster as an environment for creating knowledge capital from human capital, how fiscal and other framework conditions may influence the building of knowledge capital, the long-term perspectives for the petroleum cluster, what Norwegian society can learn from the experiences in the petroleum cluster, and the importance of gaining more knowledge about the functionality of knowledge for increased value creation (author) (ml)

  3. HIV/AIDS and Croatian migrant workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stulhofer, Aleksandar; Brouillard, Pamela; Nikolić, Nebojga; Greiner, Nina

    2006-12-01

    Due to their geographical mobility and long periods of separation from intimate partners, migrant workers are at increased risk for a variety of sexually transmitted infections (STIs) including HIV/AIDS. This study sought to investigate patterns in HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitudes and sexual behaviour in migrant workers in Croatia. In 2003, 566 male migrant workers were recruited during regular required medical examinations and surveyed at seven locations throughout the country. Each participant was asked to complete a self-administered KABP (sexual knowledge, attitudes, beliefs and practices) questionnaire. The average age of respondents was 38.2 years and the majority worked as seafarers (77.3%) and construction workers (20.5%). Only 18.5% of respondents were able to correctly answer all 13 questions assessing knowledge of HIV/AIDS. Seafarers reported higher levels of knowledge than did construction workers. The average respondent reported having had two sexual partners in the last 12 months, with slightly over half of the respondents (55.3%) reporting condom use at their last intercourse with a casual partner. One fifth of the respondents (20.3%) who reported having had intercourse with a sex worker during the last year reported not using condoms at last intercourse. The number of sexual partners was correlated with age, marital status, faith in God, and personal HIV risk assessment. Attitudes toward condom use, co-workers' HIV/AIDS concerns and the duration of migrant status (within the last two years) were shown to be significant correlates of condom use at last intercourse with a casual partner. The effect of HIV/AIDS related knowledge on analyzed behaviors did not reach statistical significance. Inadequate patterns of migrant workers' condom use, gaps in knowledge about HIV transmission and modes of protection, as well as widespread ignorance regarding available anonymous HIV testing found by this study suggest a critical need for expert intervention to

  4. 76 FR 13231 - Notice of Determinations Regarding Eligibility To Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-03-10

    ... Corporation. 75,201 Abbott Laboratories, Irving, TX February 9, 2010. Diagnostics Division; Leased Workers... Loom; Leased Workers Spherion. 74,902 Abbott Diabetes Care, Inc., Alameda, CA November 18, 2009....

  5. Personal Knowledge Management for Employee Commoditization

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schild, Susie A.

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge management thinking has resulted in the perception that the organization is the relevant beneficiary of knowledge. Individual approaches to and experiences with personal knowledge management are not well documented in empirical studies, which uncovered the specific problem that the situatedness of knowledge worker contemporaries within…

  6. Medical standards for radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The Council of the European Communities in its Directive of June 1, 1976 has laid down revised basic safety standards for the health protection of the general public and workers against the danger of ionising radiation. The Directive requires each Member State of the Community 'for the guidance of medical practitioners.....to draw up a list, which need not be exhaustive, of the criteria which should be taken into account when judging a worker's fitness to be exposed to ionising radiation'. Medical officers with current responsibility for radiation workers in the U.K. therefore met recently for informal exploratory discussion at the National Radiological Protection Board's headquarters, and an account is given of the views expressed there about the composition of the required 'list', and the possibility of standardizing the procedure adopted. Consideration was given to the objectives of medical examinations, the form of examination, and specific conditions which may give rise to difficulty in making a fitness assessment. These conditions are skin abnormalities, blood abnormalities, cataract, pregnancy, and psychological and psychiatric conditions. It was concluded that the medical examination of radiation workers, including blood examinations, are of value to the extent that they form part of any good general occupational health practice. The promulgation of the Euratom Directive has provided an opportunity for reviewing and standardising procedures for medical surveillance in the light of current knowledge concerning average occupational radiation doses and dose-response relationships. (U.K.)

  7. Effect of work stress on job involvement among knowledge workers in China%中国知识型员工工作压力与工作投入关系

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯凤妹; 李育辉; 孙汕珊

    2012-01-01

    Objective To explore the effects of individual characters and work stress on job involvement. Methods A total of 542 employees from 20 companies were tested with Employee Stress Scale and Job Involvement Scale. Results With factor analyses, we found that there were five dimensionalities for work stress, named workload, working conditions and requirement,responsibility,organizational climate,and role-stress;job involvement was composed of four dimensionalities : vigor, dedication and absorption, organizational support, and efficacy. There was a significant gender difference in role-stress (t = 2. 27, P < 0. 05). There was a significant correlation between organizational climate stress and job involvement( r = - 0. 154, P < 0. 01 ). With hierarchical multiple regression, we found that organizational climate stress could significantly predict job involvement (β = - 0. 11 ,P <0. 01) and its sub-dimensions of vigor (β = -0.11, P <0. 01) .organization support(β= -0. 14,P<0. 01) ,and dedication and absorption(β = -0. 11 ,P <0. 01). Conclusion Male knowledge workers experienced more stress from work role identity. And there was a significant negative effect of work stressors on job involvement.%目的 从积极心理学的视角探讨员工个人特征和工作压力对工作投入的影响.方法 采用工作压力问卷和工作投入问卷对来自北京、上海和广州20多家企业的542名员工进行调查.结果 探索性因素分析和验证性因素分析表明,工作压力分为工作负荷、工作条件与工作要求、工作职责、组织倾向、角色压力5个维度,工作投入分为活力、专注与忠诚、组织支持感、效能感4个维度;方差分析表明,在工作压力的角色压力维度上存在明显的性别差异(t=2.27,P=0.02),在工作投入维度上差异无统计学意义;工作压力的组织倾向维度与工作投入呈负相关(r=-0.15,P<0.01);层次回归表明,控制了个体特征变量以后,来自组织倾

  8. Views of the workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This paper is written from the perspective of the worker. As such it presents the workers' viewpoint with respect to the present status and problems to be solved with regard to occupational exposure. (author)

  9. Coal worker's pneumoconiosis

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/000130.htm Coal worker's pneumoconiosis To use the sharing features on this page, please enable JavaScript. Coal worker's pneumoconiosis is a lung disease that results ...

  10. Safety and Mission Assurance Knowledge Management Retention

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Teresa A.

    2006-01-01

    This viewgraph presentation reviews the issues surrounding the management of knowledge in regards to safety and mission assurance. The JSC workers who were hired in the 1960's are slated to retire in the next two to three years. The experiences and knowledge of these NASA workers must be identified, and disseminated. This paper reviews some of the strategies that the S&MA is developing to capture that valuable institutional knowledge.

  11. Virtual Laboratories

    CERN Document Server

    Hut, P

    2006-01-01

    At the frontier of most areas in science, computer simulations play a central role. The traditional division of natural science into experimental and theoretical investigations is now completely outdated. Instead, theory, simulation, and experimentation form three equally essential aspects, each with its own unique flavor and challenges. Yet, education in computational science is still lagging far behind, and the number of text books in this area is minuscule compared to the many text books on theoretical and experimental science. As a result, many researchers still carry out simulations in a haphazard way, without properly setting up the computational equivalent of a well equipped laboratory. The art of creating such a virtual laboratory, while providing proper extensibility and documentation, is still in its infancy. A new approach is described here, Open Knowledge, as an extension of the notion of Open Source software. Besides open source code, manuals, and primers, an open knowledge project provides simul...

  12. The Construction of Enterprise Knowledge Market

    OpenAIRE

    Mingkui Huo

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge is the most important element of enterprise¡¯s core competitiveness. The individual and experienced knowledge lies in the minds of workers, this knowledge played a key role in proving efficiency and effectiveness. So, promoting the knowledge sharing is the focus of knowledge management. However, only based on the technology and the leader's command did not have much effect. This article choose a new method to promote the knowledge sharing and and presents countermeasures and suggest...

  13. Chosen aspects of knowledge management in enterprises

    OpenAIRE

    A. Kania; M. Spilka

    2010-01-01

    Purpose: In this article the important role of knowledge management in enterprises was presented. The knowledge and workers skills are the wealth and success source of organizations on the market.Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows definitions and types of knowledge, systems and models of knowledge management and directions of knowledge acquirement and development.Findings: In this article the analysis of role and function of knowledge management in modern enterprise on the basis of ...

  14. How Knowledge Organizations Work: The Case of Detectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gottschalk, Petter; Holgersson, Stefan; Karlsen, Jan Terje

    2009-01-01

    Purpose: The purpose of this paper is to conceptualize detectives in police investigations as knowledge workers. Design/methodology/approach: The paper is based on a literature review covering knowledge organizations, police organizations, police investigations, and detectives as knowledge workers. Findings: The paper finds that the changing role…

  15. Knowledge management in project-base organizations: the interplay of time orientations and knowledge interventions

    OpenAIRE

    Ngoasong, Michael Zisuh; Manfredi, Filippo

    2007-01-01

    The common perception is that all types of work and work organizations appear to involve knowledge: knowledge intensive work, knowledge workers, knowledge products, customerrelated knowledge and knowledge intensive organizations. Therefore, as organizations increasingly organize their activities in the form of projects, effective ways of knowledge management are needed to deliver successful and timely outcomes. However, little research has been done in the area that integrates time orientatio...

  16. Laboratory animal allergy.

    OpenAIRE

    Hollander, A

    1997-01-01

    The main objective of the study presented in this thesis was to estimate the prevalence rate of laboratory animal allergy and to determine its association with risk factors, like allergen exposure level, atopy, gender and other host factors. A cross-sectional survey was undertaken among 540 workers at 8 laboratory animal facilities. All participants completed a questionnaire and underwent skin prick testing with common and occupational allergens. Total and specific IgE measures were obtained....

  17. Can a community health worker administered postnatal checklist increase health-seeking behaviors and knowledge?: evidence from a randomized trial with a private maternity facility in Kiambu County, Kenya

    OpenAIRE

    McConnell, Margaret; Ettenger, Allison; Rothschild, Claire Watt; Muigai, Faith; Cohen, Jessica

    2016-01-01

    Background Since the 2009 WHO and UNICEF recommendation that women receive home-based postnatal care within the first three days after birth, a growing number of low-income countries have explored integrating postnatal home visit interventions into their maternal and newborn health strategies. This randomized trial evaluates a pilot program in which community health workers (CHWs) visit or call new mothers three days after delivery in peri-urban Kiambu County, Kenya. Methods Participants were...

  18. Qualitative study on AIDS/STDs related knowledge and sexual behaviors among MSM migrant workers in Chongqing%重庆市城区农民工男男性行为者艾滋病性病知识及性行为的定性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁凡; 周生建; 张洪波; 萧燕; 王晓东; 张北川

    2012-01-01

    Objective To study the group characteristics of MSMCmen who have sex with men) who are migrant workers in Chongqing, their knowledge of and attitude towards AIDS and STDs(Sexually Transmitted Diseases) , and the patterns of their sexual behavior. Method An in-depth interview was conducted with 12 key personages who played an essential role in anti-AIDS campaigns among MSM migrant workers. Results The interviewed MSM migrant workers had poor financial and living conditions, and causal sex among them was fairly common; the migrant workers were less educated, and lacked AIDS/STDs related knowledge and health awareness, resulting in high-risk homosexual behaviors. In addition, they were faced with high pressure for marriage. Most of them were married and had high risk heterosexual behaviors; there were fewer public gathering places, and so they had a tendency to look for unfamiliar sex partners in the public places. They also had poor accessibility to AIDS-related services. Conclusion The current situation of AIDS prevention and treatment among MSM migrant workers seems not optimistic and interventions shall be enhanced among them.%目的 了解重庆市城区农民工中男男性行为者(MSM)的人群特征、艾滋病性病相关知识、态度及性行为方式等.方法 采用定性研究的方法,对农民工中的MSM进行深入访谈.结果 共访谈12名农民工MSM,他们经济条件差,居住环境简陋,境遇性MSM广泛存在;文化程度较低,艾滋病性病健康知识匮乏;健康意识薄弱,同性高危性行为较多;婚姻压力大,已婚MSM多,与异性发生高危性行为多;专门聚集活动场所较少,更倾向于在公共场所寻找陌生性伴;艾滋病相关服务可及性较差.结论 农民工MSM的艾滋病性病防治现状不容乐观,需加强对该人群的干预.

  19. 上海市浦东新区某企业工人艾滋病相关知识及行为调查%Survey of HIV/AIDS knowledge and behavior among the workers in an enterprise of Pudong New Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    瞿凤; 毛军; 齐慧; 沈惠平; 万春; 黄星; 张枭; 朱渭萍

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解上海市浦东某企业工人的艾滋病基本知识知晓率、态度观念和行为等情况,为企业工人艾滋病宣传干预策略和措施的制定提供理论依据.方法 采用整群抽样的方法,对某企业557名在岗工人进行横断面问卷调查.结果 共调查企业工人557人,以男性青壮年为主,艾滋病基本知识知晓率为68.94%.有过婚外性行为的91人,占16.34%,年龄(x2=7.28,P<0.01)、文化程度(x2=15.82,P<0.01)及婚姻状况(x2=36.82,P<0.01)对车间工人婚外性行为的发生有显著影响;婚外性行为中每次使用安全套的22人,占24.18%,婚外性行为中安全套使用率低.结论 企业工人有较高比例的婚外性行为,艾滋病知晓率低,应有针对性地进行艾滋病宣传干预工作,预防艾滋病的传播.%[Objective]To understand the of knowledge level, attitude and behavior about HIV/AIDS among workers in a enterprise of Pudong New Area, and provide theoretical foundation for developing intervention strategies and measures of HIV/AIDS control. [ Methods] The randomly cluster sampling was taken to recruit 5S7 workers. Cross-sectional questionnaire survey was performed for the investigation. [ Results] Most of the surveyed workers were young and middle aged males, the awareness rate of basic HTV/AIDS related knowledge was 68.94% ; there was 91 workers (16.34% ) who had sex outside of marriage, there were significant differences in age (x2=7.28,P<0.01 ), educational background(x2 = 15.82,P <0.01) and marriage (x2 = 36.82,P<0. 01); a-mong sex behaviors outside of marriage, only 22 workers (24.18% ) used condom each time, the proportion of condom use was low in sex outside of marriage. [ Conclusion] The rate of sex outside of marriage of enterprise workers was high, knowledge levels about HIV/AIDS among them was low, intervention related to HIV/AIDS on workers should be enhanced, so as to prevent its spread.

  20. Effectiveness evaluation of the intervention for AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behavior among expressway construction workers%某高速公路筑路工人艾滋病知识态度及行为干预效果评价

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    宋伟; 朱长才; 杨芳; 姚璇; 彭红艳; 郑武

    2012-01-01

    Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of the HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit for HIV/AIDS related knowledge, attitude and behavior among expressway construction workers. Method AIDS-related knowledge was combined with interactive games to compose a set of interactive HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit. The toolkit was used among the construction workers as an intervention, and AIDS-related knowledge, attitudes and behavior among them were assessed before and after the intervention. Results The total awareness rate of HIV/AIDS related knowledge in the target population increased from 60. 0% to 75. 2% and the effectiveness of the intervention had a significant difference (P<0. 05); the total rate of positive attitudes increased from 51. 5% to 64. 7% (P<0. 05). Conclusion The total awareness rate of HIV/ADIS related knowledge and the total rate of positive attitude can be improved by using the HIV/AIDS intervention toolkit among the expressway construction workers.%目的 评价应用健康干预工具包,对在建高速公路筑路工人进行艾滋病(AIDS)知识、态度及行为干预的效果.方法 将艾滋病相关知识融入各种游戏中,组成一套互动式的健康干预工具包,使用该工具包对筑路工人开展干预活动,调查分析干预前后目标人群艾滋病相关知识、态度及行为情况.结果 筑路工人艾滋病知识总知晓率由干预前的60.0%提高到干预后的75.2%(P<0.05),总体正性态度率由干预前的51.5%提高到干预后的64.7% (P<0.05).结论 应用艾滋病防治干预包对目标人群进行系列干预,可提高目标人群艾滋病相关知识知晓和正性态度.

  1. O processo de reestruturação produtiva e o jovem trabalhador: conhecimento e participação The process of productive restructuring and the young worker: knowledge and participation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Heloisa Helena T. de Souza Martins

    2001-11-01

    Full Text Available O artigo tem como objetivo analisar as percepções de jovens trabalhadores metálurgicos, entre 18 a 25 anos, sobre as mudanças organizacionais e tecnológicas que estão sendo introduzidas no processo produtivo de oito indústrias dos setores metalúrgico e eletroeletrônico do município de Osasco. Considerando que essas mudanças no trabalho redefinem o perfil do trabalhador e colocam novas exigências quanto à escolaridade, formação profissional, participação e compromisso com os objetivos da empresa, o texto discute a relação dos jovens com a escola, o trabalho, a empresa e o sindicato. Na análise do jovem trabalhador é retomada a perspectiva de autores europeus que acentua a heterogeneidade da juventude. Portanto, mesmo com identidade comum definida pela condição operária, os jovens entrevistados avaliam e interpretam de diversas maneiras as condições de trabalho e situam-se diferentemente diante das modificações feitas.The aim of this article is to analyze the perceptions of young metal workers, between 18 and 25 years of age, of organizational and technological changes being introduced in the productive process in eight industries of the metal works and electro-electronic sectors in the Osasco area. Considering that these changes in labor redefine the profile of the worker and bring about new demands as to schooling, professional development, participation and commitment to the companies' objectives, the text discusses the young workers' relationship with school, work, industry and union. In the analysis of the young laborer, the perspective of European authors that accentuate youth heterogeneity is taken up. Thus, in spite of the common identity defined by the condition of being a worker, the young workers interviewed evaluate and interpret differently working conditions and situate themselves in a diverse manner in face of the changes.

  2. Monitoring of workers exposed to neutrons. Information note

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This document briefly indicates who are the workers exposed to neutrons in nuclear facilities, what is the peculiarity of neutron radiation, what is the evolution of scientific knowledge about neutrons, which are the technical evolutions in neutron dosimetry, which are the regulatory evolutions about neutron dosimetry, and how the monitoring of workers exposed to neutrons has been performed in 2011

  3. Learning Stories from IT Workers--Development of Professional Expertise

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ha, Tak S.

    2015-01-01

    In the knowledge economy, many companies are well aware of the vital need to maintain the professional expertise of their workers at a high level. Though there have been a lot of research studies in the areas of professional expertise and workplace learning, few examined the learning pathways novice workers went through to become experts in their…

  4. Investigation on HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and behaviors among sex workers in the high-risk areas of Shanghai Suburbs%上海郊区艾滋病高危场所性服务人员艾滋病知识和行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭寒蕾; 秦世伟

    2012-01-01

    [Objective]To understand the HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and behavioral characteristics among sex workers in the high-risk areas of Shanghai suburbs, and provide evidence for developing effective control measures. [ Methods] A cross sectional survey was performed on 40 sex workers in high-risk places in business with informed consent through one-to-one questionnaire and blood testing for HIV and syphilis and HAV were done for all participants. [ Results]Though the understanding rate of HIV/AIDS knowledge was 95% and the understanding rate of 3 transmission routes of HIV/AIDS was high, they were often unclear about the non-transmission route. The rate of condom use with their clients in the last sexual behavior was 100%. [ Conclusion] Enhancing communication with sex workers and owners, offering free condom and carrying out peer education play important role in improving the knowledge levels and behavior about AIDS among sex workers.%目的 了解上海市郊区高危场所性服务人员对艾滋病相关知识和行为学特征,为制定有效的预防控制措施提供依据.方法 采用横断面调查方法,对社区内尚在营业的高危场所进行人户调查,经知情同意后对社区内40名高危场所性工作者进行一对一问卷调查,同时采集血样,进行艾滋滋病病毒(HIV)、梅毒、甲型肝炎抗体的检验.结果 艾滋病知识的基本知晓率达95.0%,对于艾滋病三大传播途径了解较多,但是往往对非传播途径等知识存在误解.安全套的使用率较高,最近1次与他人发生性行为时安全套使用率为100.0%.结论 加强与性服务人员及业主的沟通频率、免费发放安全套、开展同伴教育等对提高性服务人员的艾滋病防治知识知晓率和改善行为具有重要作用.

  5. Critiquing Human Judgment Using Knowledge-Acquisition Systems

    OpenAIRE

    Silverman, Barry G.

    1990-01-01

    Automated knowledge-acquisition systems have focused on embedding a cognitive model of a key knowledge worker in their software that allows the system to acquire a knowledge base by interviewing domain experts just as the knowledge worker would. Two sets of research questions arise: (1) What theories, strategies, and approaches will let the modeling process be facilitated; accelerated; and, possibly, automated? If automated knowledge-acquisition systems reduce the bottleneck associated with a...

  6. Worker reciprocity and employer investment in training

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    E. Leuven; H. Oosterbeek; R. Sloof; C. van Klaveren

    2005-01-01

    Standard economic theory predicts that firms will not invest in general training and will underinvest in specific training. Empirical evidence, however, indicates that firms do invest in general training of their workers. Evidence from laboratory experiments points to less underinvestment in specifi

  7. Why share knowledge? The influence of ICT on the motivation for knowledge sharing

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Hendriks, P.H.J.

    1999-01-01

    Information and communication technology (ICT) can enhance knowledge sharing by lowering temporal and spatial barriers between knowledge workers, and improving access to information about knowledge. Looking at ICT for knowledge sharing in this light, however, has limited value, because it ignores wh

  8. 江苏省扬州市部分医务人员吸烟行为及控烟知识现状调查%Investigation on behavior and knowledge about tobacco control among health care workers in Yangzhou City of Jiangsu Province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    江澜; 吉华祥; 周敬东; 解晔; 丁昊俊; 孙洁

    2012-01-01

    Objective To carry out investigation on behavior and knowledge on smoking and tobacco control a-mong health care workers, and provide evidence for intervention in smoking control. Methods 60S of health care workers from 4 medical administrations in Yangzhou were interviewed by questionnaire. Results The general smoking rate and current smoking rate among health care workers was 16.03% and 11. 57% , respectively. The awareness rate of knowledge on smoking hazards was 73.61% , awareness rates of knowledge on 7 kinds of smoking-related diseases and 6 kinds of passive-smoking-related diseases were 71.00% and 77. 60% , respectively. 83. 63% of them agreed that smoking should be banned in medical administrations. 43. 46% of them had obtained training about adolescent smoking prevention, 1. 69% of them could make plans about tobacco control for patients, 31. 40% of them could provide health education in outpatient service and in sickroom. Conclusion Health care workers are lack of tobacco control related knowledge. It should be strengthened on health education and training on tobacco control related knowledge and skills among health care workers to change their behaviors and improve tobacco control in society.%目的 对江苏省扬州市医务人员的吸烟行为和控烟知识现状进行调查,为今后在医务人员群体中实施控烟干预提供依据.方法 采用问卷调查的方法,对扬州市4家医疗机构605名直接从事医务工作的人员进行问卷调查.结果 医务人员人群总吸烟率为16.03%,现在吸烟率为11.57%;烟草危害的知晓率为73.61%,7种吸烟相关疾病的知晓率为71.00%,6种被动吸烟相关疾病的知晓率为77.60%;对医疗机构控烟认同率为83.63%;43.46%的医务人员获得过控烟方面的知识培训,能为病人制定戒烟计划的有1.69%;能对病人在门诊和病房提供健康教育的有31.40%.结论 医务人员人群烟草相关知识掌握相对不足,应当进一

  9. The level of knowledge and radiation safety practice amongst cardiovascular technology, medical assistant, nursing and diagnostic radiography students and dose monitoring in radiography laboratory of Kolej Islam Sains dan Teknologi, Kelantan

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full-text: This study investigated the knowledge level and practices regarding radiation safety among the cardiovascular technology, medical assistant nursing and radiography diagnostic students of Kolej Islam Sains dan Teknologi (KIST). The objectives of this study are to monitor the dose rate at radiography lab and to propose the guideline on radiation safety topics to improve the syllabus. 274 respondents including 30 psychology students acting as the control group were asked to answer questions from the questionnaires which cover the topics of basic knowledge of radiation and radiation safety practice. There was a significant difference (p < 0.05) between the correct answers and courses for 18 questions except for the question 4. There was a significant different (p < 0.05) between the correct answers and year of study for the questions 4, 5, 7, 12 to 15 and 18 to 20. There was a significance different (p < 0.05) between the correct answers and gender for questions 7, 11 and 19. For area dose monitoring in the radiography diagnostic lab, the assessment report on film batches of 4 walls in the lab were recorded and Victoreen451-RYR survey meter was used to monitor the dose rate for 7 selected areas with the exposure factors set for the chest, abdomen, upper extremity, lower extremity and skull radiography examinations. The dose rates at area 1 to 4, area 5 during the examination of chest, abdomen and skull, area 6 during the examination of abdomen and area 7 during the examination of abdomen, had exceeded the dose limit for radiation worker. The dose rate at the area 1 and 4 are slightly higher than the other areas. The contributing factors are the distance, tube potential, collimation and X-ray tube angulation. This study had shown that the cardiovascular technology and diagnostic radiography students have better knowledge and radiation safety practice level than the medical assistant and nursing students. In general, the level of knowledge and radiation safety

  10. Assessment of cardiometabolic risk among shift workers in Hungary

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jermendy György

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Aim Shift workers may be at risk of different diseases. In order to assess cardiometabolic risk in shift workers, a cross-sectional study was performed among active workers. Methods A total of 481 workers (121 men, 360 women were investigated; most of them were employees in light industry (58.2% or in public services (23.9%. Past medical history was recorded and physical examination was performed. Questionnaires were used to characterize daily activity. Fasting venous blood sample was collected for measuring laboratory parameters. Data from shift workers (n = 234, age: 43.9 ± 8.1 years were compared to those of daytime workers (n = 247, age: 42.8 ± 8.5 years, men and women were analyzed separately. Results In men, systolic blood pressure was higher in shift workers compared to daytime workers (133 ± 8 vs 126 ± 17 mmHg; p vs 67.7 ± 13.2 kg; p vs 13.4%; p vs 21.7%; p vs 1.68 ± 0.36 mmol/l; p Conclusion Middle-aged active shift workers, especially women, have a less healthy lifestyle and are at higher cardiometabolic risk as compared to daytime workers. Our study highlights the importance of measures for identifying and preventing cardiometabolic risk factors in shift workers.

  11. Classification of knowledge-intensive organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marquart, Edward J.

    Managing knowledge workers in knowledge-intensive organizations has become important because knowledge itself is emerging as a primary sustainable competitive advantage. This dissertation traces the development of two important items related to knowledge-intensive organizations. First, it documents a careful study of the literature which allows for the construction of a Knowledge-Intensity Continuum. This continuum then forms the basis for the development of a Knowledge-Intensity Assessment survey instrument which allows an organization to be placed along this continuum. A cross-section of research, consulting, and manufacturing organizations was surveyed using this instrument. The findings provided evidence that supports the validity of the Knowledge-Intensity Continuum. Additionally, onsite interviews provided evidence that the Knowledge-Intensity Assessment survey can be used as a tool to locate any organization on this continuum. Using this survey to clearly identify knowledge-intensive organizations will allow for further research into effective management systems for knowledge workers in these organizations.

  12. 衡阳市三县(区市)暗娼、吸毒人群规模估计与艾滋病知识、行为调查研究%Study on the Estimated Number, AIDS Knowledge Level and Risk Behavior of Female Sex Workers and Drug Users in 3 Counties of Hengyang

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑军; 覃碧云; 刘军; 伍又平; 于坤平; 赵俊仕; 陈曦; 陈焱

    2011-01-01

    目的 获得湖南省衡阳市石鼓区、衡南县、耒阳市三地暗娼和吸毒者感染艾滋病相关危险情况.方法 暗娼规模估计采用乘数法计算本地时点上暗娼人数作为估计人数,吸毒人群规模采用捕获再捕获法计算估计人数.暗娼和吸毒对象艾滋病知晓率与行为调查采用问卷调查.三地现场调查按每地暗娼和吸毒者各360人,石鼓区、衡南县完成了两类人群调查人数,耒阳市完成暗娼和吸毒者各322人和360人,暗娼和吸毒者实际调查人数分别为1 042人和1 080人.结果 石鼓区、衡南县和耒阳市,暗娼估计人数分别为660人、529人和322人;吸毒估计人数分别为1 408人、510人和1 852人.三地人群艾滋病知晓率较高,但是暗娼最近一次安全套使用的比例48.7%和吸毒者6个月的共针率高达97.0%,显示知识知晓率与行为改变的不匹配.接受的相关服务十分有限.结论 三地存在较大艾滋病流行风险,在政策制定上,应该全面考虑.%Objective To obtain the information on the relative risk of HIV infection among female sex workers and drug users in Shigu District, Hengnan County, and Leiyang County. Methods Multiplier method was used to estimate the number of female sex workers and a capture - recapture method was used to estimate the number of drug users. Every person was asked to finish a questionnaire involved in AIDS knowledge and risk behaviors. 360 female sex workers and 360 drug users were the study target in each county. The study samples in Shigu District and Hengnan County were all finished except Leiyang County only involved 322 female sex workers and 360 drug users. Results The estimated numbers of female sex workers in Shigu District, Hengnan County, and Leiyang County were 660, 529,and 322, respectively. The estimated numbers of drug users in Shigu District, Hengnan County, and Leiyang County were 1,408, 510, and 1,852, respectively. The awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was

  13. Pneumoconiosis in rubber workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiographic survey carried out on rubber workers revealed that 32 % (24/76) of the workers showed pneumoconiosis. The cases of pneumoconiosis were found in workers who had been exposed to dust for more than 10 years. Among the 24 cases of pneumoconiosis, 15 workers had been exposed to talc dust for more than 12 years. Chest radiographs of the rubber workers who had been exposed to dust for more than 10 years demonstrated radiographic findings and incidences as follows; nodular pattern (16 %), fine reticular and granular pattern (52 %), reticular pattern (36 %), irregularity of lung markings (61 %), ground-glass appearance (8 %), and pleural thickening (15 %). Irregular opacities such as fine reticular and granular pattern, reticular pattern and irregularity of lung markings seen to be major radiographic findings of pneumoconiosis of the rubber workers. While, nodular pattern seen in upper and middle lung zones and pleural thickening seen in apices and upper lung zones seen to be minor changes. (author)

  14. Investigation on AIDS knowledge and sexual behavior of female commercial sex workers in qiaodong district shijiazhuang city%石家庄市某区女性性工作者艾滋病知识与性行为调查分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李怡娴; 高永刚; 高霞; 韩士波

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解石家庄市女性性工作者艾滋病知识知晓率和性行为特征,为制订有效的高危行为干顶措施提供依据.方法 采用匿名问卷调查,对石家庄市桥东区娱乐场所的女性性工作者进行艾滋病知识和性行为特征调查.结果 共调查356名女性性工作者,平均年龄28岁,71.07%为初中以下学历;艾滋病防治知识总知晓率61.24%;有时使用安全套者占86.67%,但每次均用者仅占4.76%.结论 被调查人群艾滋病防治知识知晓率低,普遍存在传播艾滋病的高危性行为,应对其采取针对性的健康教育和行为干顶措施,推广100%使用安全套,以降低艾滋病的感染及传播机会.%Objective To investigate the status of female sex workers'awareness of AIDS and their sexual behavior characteristics, provide basis for fonnulation the effective measures to intervene high - risk behavior. Method Using anonymous questionnaire survey to investigate the AIDS knowledge and sexual behavior characteristics of female sex workers at place of recreation in Qiaodong district Shijiazhuang city. Results Among 356 female sex workers , the average age was 28 and 71. 07% with junior school education, the total awareness rate of AIDS prevention was 61. 24% ; 86. 67% used condoms sometimes, but only 4. 76% used condoms all the time. Conclusions Most of the female commercial sex workers in the survey have a relativcly low awareness of AIDS knowledge, and the high - risk behaviors were existed, so we should take pertincnce health education and interven measures, and to lower the infection and transmission of HIV, condoms should be put into application every time.

  15. Práticas e nível de conhecimento sobre doença cerebrovascular em um hospital universitário: Parte 1. Educação do corpo de enfermagem: prioridade para o tratamento do infarto cerebral Knowledge and attitudes regarding stroke in a Brazilian teaching hospital: Part 1. Results in health care workers and non-health care workers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Charles André

    1997-09-01

    Full Text Available CONTEXTO E OBJETIVOS: Em um hospital universitário, entrevista direta de amostras estratificadas dos 3587 funcionários, visando determinar o nível de conhecimento e a conduta prática do corpo social diante do acidente vascular cerebral ou encefálico (AVE. Estabelecer prioridades para esforços educacionais. MÉTODO: Pré-teste para otimização do instrumento e cálculo amostrai. Entrevista de 309 funcionários sorteados. Inquérito consistindo em 32 questões sobre fisiopatologia, epidemiologia e mortalidade, clínica, fatores de risco, evolução e tratamento, comportamento pessoal diante da doença. Teste de Kruskal-Wallis para múltiplas comparações de dados não-paramétricos. RESULTADOS: O corpo social do hospital exibiu baixo nível de conhecimento teórico sobre o AVE e atitudes errôneas diante da doença. A performance dos enfermeiros foi superior à de auxiliares, técnicos e atendentes de enfermagem. O corpo de enfermagem, apesar de pontuar melhor na entrevista que a população leiga, mantém-se desinformado sobre as novas possibilidades terapêuticas e dissemina mitos sobre a doença. Entre os grupos profissionais leigos, o nível de educação formal não influenciou a performance na entrevista. CONCLUSÕES: A comunidade leiga e de saúde do HUCFF não reconhece adequadamente os sintomas típicos, a evolução provável dos pacientes e a necessidade de intervir rapidamente diante da doença cerebrovascular. O corpo de enfermagem não está preparado para a tarefa de difundir conceitos corretos sobre a doença. Somente programas específicos de educação continuada podem reverter este quadro, e devem ser considerados prioritários.BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: This study was undertaken to evaluate professionals working at a university hospital as to their knowledge and attitudes towards stroke. METHODS: Individuals working in the hospital were divided in two groups, health care workers (HCW and non-health care workers (NHCW, and

  16. COMPARISON OF CERTAIN ABILITIES NEEDED BY WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES AND LICENSED ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DILLON, ROY D.

    THIS STUDY WAS CONDUCTED TO DETERMINE THE EXTENT TO WHICH WORKERS WITH THE JOB TITLES OF GENERAL DIRECTORS, SALESMEN, SUPERVISORS, AND FIELD WORKERS IN LICENSED NURSERIES NEEDED AGRICULTURALLY ORIENTED KNOWLEDGE OF THE SAME KIND AND LEVEL AS WORKERS IN COMPARABLE JOB TITLES IN ORNAMENTAL HORTICULTURE BUSINESSES. DATA WERE COLLECTED BY PERSONAL…

  17. 强化干预对增强原南汇地区建筑工人艾滋病防治知识的效应%Effects of Strengthening Intervention on Knowledge of AIDS Prevention and Control among Construction Workers in Former Nanhui Area,Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    许磊; 张枭; 朱瑛; 朱黎丹; 李世宏; 方蕙; 任金马; 黄星; Liviana Calzavara

    2011-01-01

    [目的]探究强化干预措施对增强原南汇地区建筑工人艾滋病防治知识的效应,及其相关影响因素.[方法]随机选择原南汇地区6个工地的657名建筑工人,将其随机分为一般干预组(发放小册子)和强化干预组(小册子+海报+展板+宣教DVD影片或增加面对面咨询).[结果]干预前,一般干预组和强化干预组建筑工人艾滋病相关知识得分差异无统计学意义(P>0.05),且得分均较低;干预后,强化干预组知识得分与一般干预组相比差异有统计学意义(P0.05), while there was statistical significance in AIDS knowledge between the two groups(/'<0.01) after the interventions, and the rising amplitude in the strengthening intervention group was significantly higher than in the general intervention group; the older, less educated and with lower income the worker was, the better intervention effects would be achieved. [ Conclusion ] It is an effective measure to improve AIDS knowledge among construction workers by strengthening intervention. Meanwhile, such intervention should be repeated and intensified so as to avoid the oblivion of mastered knowledge.

  18. "Tacit Knowledge" versus "Explicit Knowledge"

    OpenAIRE

    Sanchez, Ron

    2004-01-01

    This paper explains two fundamental approaches to knowledge management. The tacit knowledge approach emphasizes understanding the kinds of knowledge that individuals in an organization have, moving people to transfer knowledge within an organization, and managing key individuals as knowledge creators and carriers. By contrast, the explicit knowledge approach emphasizes processes for articulating knowledge held by individuals, the design of organizational approaches for creating...

  19. Why should I share my knowledge? A multiple foci of commitment perspective

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Swart, Juani; Kinnie, Nicholas; van Rossenberg, Yvonne Gerarda Theodora;

    2014-01-01

    Knowledge-intensive firms need to leverage their individual knowledge assets via knowledge sharing to create collective knowledge resources. This process is, however, in the control of the knowledge worker. We explore this personal and emotive quality of knowledge sharing by asking: ‘How does emp...... of the interrelationship between (a) the types and foci of commitment and (b) bidirectional knowledge sharing.......Knowledge-intensive firms need to leverage their individual knowledge assets via knowledge sharing to create collective knowledge resources. This process is, however, in the control of the knowledge worker. We explore this personal and emotive quality of knowledge sharing by asking: ‘How does...

  20. 实验动物从业人员职业伤害和自我防护与其焦虑、抑郁水平的相关性%The Relationship among Laboratory Animal Workers'Occupational Injury, Self-protection and Anxiety,Depression

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马小琴; 徐鋆娴

    2015-01-01

    Objective:To investigate occupational injury , self-protection and anxiety , depression a-mong laboratory animal workers and analyze their relationship ,thus providing direction for self -protection and occupational health guidance .Methods:237 laboratory animal workers from Hangzhou , Wenzhou , Shanghai by cluster sampling ,were investigated with Self -rating Anxiety Scale ( SAS ) , Self-rating De-pression Scale(SDS)and self-made questionnaire.Results:The score of laboratory animal workers'anxi-ety and depression were higher than the national norm ,and laboratory animal workers who both had anxie-ty and depression emotional state accounted for 24 .9%.Their occupational injuries mainly came from physical (dust exposure and bites or scratches of rats ),chemical(direct contact with chemical sanitizer or reagent),biological(contact with laboratory animals of unknown bacterial and pathogens and laboratory animal allergy) .The most ignored protective measures were serum antibody level monitoring and vaccina -tion.Their anxiety and depression were positively correlated with occupational injury ,but were negatively correlated with self-protection.Conclusion:Laboratory animal management should put emphasis on psy-chological situation ,and provide mental therapy if necessary ,in order to further improve their self -pro-tection and reduce the threat of occupational .%目的:探讨实验动物从业人员职业伤害和自我防护及焦虑、抑郁状况,并分析它们间的相关性,为其职业自我防护和心理健康提供指导。方法:采用整群抽样法,使用自制职业伤害及自我防护问卷、Zung焦虑自评量表( SAS)和Zung抑郁自评量表( SDS)对237名实验动物从业人员的职业伤害和自我防护现状与焦虑、抑郁水平进行调查。结果:实验动物从业人员焦虑、抑郁均高于常模水平,且抑郁和焦虑状态并存的实验动物从业人员占24.9%。他们职业伤害的主要来源为

  1. Are workers of Atta leafcutter ants capable of reproduction?

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Dijkstra, Michiel Bendert; Boomsma, Jacobus Jan

    2006-01-01

    ovaries. Workers of Atta leafcutter ants only lay trophic eggs in queenright colonies. Although Atta colonies are commonly kept at universities, museums, and zoos, no reports of worker sons in orphaned colonies exist, suggesting that Atta workers are infertile. To explicitly test this, we created eleven...... orphaned laboratory nests of Atta cephalotes, A. sexdens, and A. colombica, and maintained them for 3-6 months after queen loss. Eight colonies did not produce any brood, but three nests produced 1-4 worker-derived male larvae and pupae. Microsatellite genotyping indicated that these were worker sons...... fertility is low compared to the sister genus Acromyrmex, where workers routinely produce normally-size males after queen loss in the laboratory. We hypothesize that worker reproduction in orphaned Atta field colonies is almost never successful because the last workers die before their sons can be raised to...

  2. 福州市娱乐场所225名女性性服务者艾滋病相关知识及行为特征%AIDS knowledge Levels and Behavior Characteristics of 225 Female Sex Workers in Entertainment Places of Fuzhou City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈传刚; 林华; 张宏

    2011-01-01

    [Objective]To understand HIV/AIDS prevention knowledge levels, high-risk behaviors, and HIV infection status among female sex workers in entertainment places, and provide scientific evidence for relevant departments in developing AIDS prevention and control measures.[Methods]A questionnaire survey on AIDS prevention and treatment knowledge was carried out among the female sex workers in 20 entertainment places of Fuzhou City during Nov 2009 -Jan 2010, their blood samples were collected to test for HIV antibody and syphilis antibody.[Results]Of 225 sex workers, 54.7% answered 8 questions about basic knowledge of AIDS prevention correctly.The awareness rate of AIDS knowledge was 76.0%.The percentage of condom use consistently within 1 month was 81.8%.The proportion of condom use in the last sexual behavior was 98.7%.4.0% of the surveyed subjects had drug behaviors.2 ( 0.9% ) were detected HIV positive.[Conclusion]The awareness rate of sex workers in entertainment places is not high.It is urgent to popularize AIDS prevention knowledge among them to prevent HIV spreading from high risk groups to the general population.%目的 了解娱乐场所女性性服务者的艾滋病(AIDS)防治知识、行为和人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染情况,为有关部门制定艾滋病防治措施提供科学依据.方法 2009年11月-2010年1月期间对福州市20家娱乐场所内从事商业性交易的女性性服务者进行艾滋病防治知识问卷调查,并现场采集血液检测HIV抗体和梅毒抗体.结果 225名女性性服务者中,对调查问卷8道艾滋病防治基本知识题全部答对的占54.7%,艾滋病知识知晓率为76.0%,最近1个月和最近1次与客人发生性关系,每次都使用安全套的分别占81.8%和98.7%,4.0%的调查对象有吸毒行为,检出HIV感染者2例,阳性率为0.9%.结论 娱乐场所女性性服务者对艾滋病防治知识知晓率不高.亟需对她们普及艾滋病预防相关知识,阻止艾滋病由高危人群向一般人群扩散.

  3. What makes workers happy?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    van der Meer, P.H.; Wielers, R.J.J.

    2013-01-01

    This article answers the question what makes workers happy? It does so by combining insights from micro-economics, sociology and psychology. Basis is the standard utility function of a worker that includes income and hours of work and is elaborated with job characteristics. In this way it is possibl

  4. 河南省农民工艾滋病/性病知识知晓、性态度和高危性行为现状及影响因素%Present situation on knowledge,attitude and high risk behaviors of AIDS/STD among migrant workers and its related factors in Henan province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘畅; 贺斌

    2014-01-01

    Aim:To study the knowledge ,attitude and high risk behaviors about AIDS/STD among the migrant workers from the countryside , and to provide theoretical foundation for health education and high risk behaviors interventions on AIDS/STD among migrant workers .Methods:A stratified cluster random sampling method was used in the investigation re-lated the knowledge ,attitude and behaviors about AIDS/STD among the migrant workers in Henan province .Results:Mi-grant workers on AIDS/STD related knowledge awareness rate was 37.5%,AIDS/STD knowledge mainly from television (58.79%) and printed materials (56.18%).34.8% of the migrant workers agreed with premarital sexual behavior , 26.3%in favor of extramarital sex ,22.5% agreed that can have multiple sexual partners .There were significant negative correlations of the score of migrant labour in AIDS/STD knowledge with premarital/extramarital sex ,high risk sexual behav-ior(r=-0.364,-0.382,-0.561,P<0.05),there were significant correlations of the score of their attitude to extramari-tal sexual behavior with high risk sexual behavior (r=0.483,0.491,P<0.05).The number of sexual partners of different sex,age,educational level,marital status of migrant workers had significant differences (χ2 =13.112,21.481,8.983, 26.562,P<0.05),some one who had more sexual partners had a higher rate than that of single sexual partner using con -doms in the first sexual behavior and previous sexual behavior (χ2 =4.803,16.890,P<0.05).Conclusion:Fourty to fifty-five years old,low culture,male migrant workers should be taken as control of high-risk behavior intervention target popula-tion.The education of the routes of the transmission and prevention knowledge about AIDS /STD should be strengthened , more strageties showld be taken to encourage them to change their high risk behaviors .%目的:了解农民工群体艾滋病/性病知识、性态度和高危性行为现状,为农民工艾滋病/性病健康教育及对其进行高危性行为干

  5. Nuclear knowledge management strategies in Canada

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    this methodology is being used for the recent build projects. This encompasses all plant design, analysis and licensing knowledge including engineering drawings, design manuals, design reviews, analysis reports and all licensing documentation. The same system is being used today for the development of the ACR. In addition, a comprehensive feedback of experience system documents all operational issues to ensure lessons learned from operating plants are shared widely within AECL and with CANDU owners. AECL has also developed smart technology that transfers knowledge from highly specialized technical experts working in our laboratories to computer systems that can be accessed by plant operators. Such technology enables nuclear operators in monitoring station conditions, converting measured data into useful information, analyzing the information intelligently and providing recommendations to support decision making. In this way, specialized knowledge can be used throughout the nuclear industry. Another essential element in AECL's strategy for preserving knowledge is the on-going design and development of advanced CANDU systems over the years. In this approach, each generation of CANDU reactor is firmly based on incremental advancements in technology, which ensures that future expertise is maintained and based on an extensive existing knowledge base. Development of future nuclear workers received a boost through the University Network of Excellence in Nuclear Engineering (UNENE) program. This is an alliance of Canadian universities, nuclear power utilities, research and regulatory agencies. The purpose of UNENE is to assure a sustainable supply of qualified nuclear engineers and scientists to meet the current and future needs of the Canadian nuclear industry. In addition to full-time undergraduate and graduate degrees, UNENE, through 5 major Canadian universities also offers part-time programs designed for students already employed in the industry. Courses are offered in

  6. 聊城市外来务工人员艾滋病防治知识态度行为及HIV感染状况%Knowledge, attitude and behavior about AIDS and HIV infection status among migrant workers in Liaocheng City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭秀伟; 周丽英

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解聊城市外来务工人员艾滋病知识态度行为及人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)感染状况,为制定该人群艾滋病防治策略及效果评价提供依据.方法 采用随机抽样的方法,在聊城市几家大企业抽取外来务工人员406人,自行设计调查问卷,对艾滋病防治知识态度行为进行调查,同时进行相关血清学指标的检测.结果 外来务工人员属于文化层次较低(初中以下学历占79.06%)的一个群体,对艾滋病一般知识的了解不高,对艾滋病是性病的正确回答率只有51.06%;对艾滋病3条主要传播途径知晓率较高,均在70%以上,而对非传播途径知晓率较低,与感染者握手、拥抱会感染艾滋病正确回答率仅为13.55%;对艾滋病预防知识知晓率较高,其中有87.78%的人认为只与一个性伴发生性行为可减少艾滋病传播;对非婚性行为者坚持使用安全套的比例仅为16.41%;对AIDS/HIV有歧视、偏见的占少数,仅有2.31%的认为不应得到任何帮助和支持;未有人检出抗-HIV和梅毒抗体阳性.结论 外来务工人员艾滋病防治知识知晓率有待进一步提高,对非传播途径存在较多误解,今后,应采取多种渠道,加强部门联合,强化艾滋病防治知识的宣传教育,提高外来务工人员的艾滋病知识知晓率,并提供相关服务和行为干预.%[Objective]To understand the knowledge, attitude and behavior about AIDS, and HIV infection status among migrant workers in Liaocheng City, provide the basis for developing the AIDS control strategies and evaluating the intervention effect. [Methods]By using random sampling, 406 migrant workers were collected from some large enterprises in Liaocheng City. The knowledge, attitude and behavior about AIDS of migrant workers were investigated with self-designed questionnaire, and related se-rological indexes were detected. [Results]The education level of migrant workers was low (79.06% had

  7. The Effect of Job Characteristics on Knowledge Workers' Engagement:the Mediating Effect of Intrinsic Motivation%工作特征对知识员工敬业度作用的实证研究:基于内在动机视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨红明; 刘耀中

    2012-01-01

    This paper explores the effect of core job dimensions and social supports on employee engagement by data col-lected from 346 knowledge workers in enterprises and institutions through questionnaires. Based on the structural equation model, the results show there' re significant positive correlations between the job characteristics and engagement directly. The research tests the intrinsic motivation playing mediation roles partly in that process. There' re positive correlations be-tween social supports and engagement indirectly, intrinsic motivation playing mediation roles in that process completely. The research also shares some suggestions for knowledge workers management.%运用问卷测量的方法,以346名知识员工为被试,探讨了核心工作维度和社会支持两类工作特征作用于敬业度过程中内在动机的中介作用.结构方程模型分析显示:核心工作维度对知识员工敬业度以直接促进作用为主,社会支持对知识员工敬业度为间接促进作用;核心工作维度和社会支持时知识员工内在动机均有促进作用,社会支持作用较大;内在动机在核心工作维度与敬业度间具有部分中介作用,在社会支持与敬业度间具有完全中介作用.

  8. 78 FR 2447 - Proposed Information Collection Request (ICR) for the Worker Classification Survey; Comment Request

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-01-11

    ... and workers' knowledge of basic employment laws and rules so as to better understand employees... information about employment experiences and workers' knowledge of basic employment laws and rules so as to... Employment Law Institute, 2010. \\4\\ GAO-09-717 and Planmatics, Inc. Independent Contractors: Prevalence...

  9. Asthma among mink workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Grøntved, Berit; Carstensen, Ole; Petersen, Rolf;

    2014-01-01

    We report two cases of asthma among mink workers. The first case is about a mink farmer who had asthma that was difficult to treat. In the medical history there was no clear relation to work, and no conclusive work relation with peak flow monitoring. He had a positive histamine release test to mink...... urine. The second case is about a mink farm worker, who had an asthma attack when handling mink furs. Peak flow monitoring showed a clear relation to this work, but there were no signs of allergy. We conclude that these two cases suggest an increased risk of asthma among mink workers....

  10. [Indian workers in Oman].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Longuenesse, E

    1985-01-01

    Until recently Oman was a country of emigration, but by 1980 an estimated 200,000 foreign workers were in the country due to the petroleum boom. Almost 1/3 of the estimated 300,000 Indian workers in the Gulf states were in Oman, a country whose colonial heritage was closely tied to that of India and many of whose inhabitants still speak Urdu. The number of work permits granted to Indians working in the private sector in Oman increased from 47,928 in 1976 to 80,787 in 1980. An estimated 110,000 Indians were working in Oman in 1982, the great majority in the construction and public works sector. A few hundred Indian women were employed by the government of Oman, as domestics, or in other capacities. No accurate data is available on the qualifications of Indian workers in Oman, but a 1979 survey suggested a relatively low illiteracy rate among them. 60-75% of Indians in Oman are from the state of Kerala, followed by workers from the Punjab and the southern states of Tamil Nadu and Andhra Pradesh and Bombay. Indian workers are recruited by specialized agencies or by friends or relatives already employed in Oman. Employers in Oman prefer to recruit through agencies because the preselection process minimizes hiring of workers unqualified for their posts. Officially, expenses of transportation, visas, and other needs are shared by the worker and the employer, but the demand for jobs is so strong that the workers are obliged to pay commissions which amount to considerable sums for stable and well paying jobs. Wages in Oman are however 2 to 5 times the level in India. Numerous abuses have been reported in recruitment practices and in failure of employers in Oman to pay the promised wages, but Indian workers have little recourse. At the same level of qualifications, Indians are paid less then non-Omani Arabs, who in turn receive less than Oman nationals. Indians who remain in Oman long enough nevertheless are able to support families at home and to accumulate considerable

  11. Learning and recall of Worker Protection Standard (WPS) training in vineyard workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anger, W Kent; Patterson, Lindsey; Fuchs, Martha; Will, Liliana L; Rohlman, Diane S

    2009-01-01

    Worker Protection Standard (WPS) training is one of the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency's (EPA) primary methods for preventing pesticide exposure in agricultural workers. Retention of the knowledge from the training may occasionally be tested by state Occupational Safety and Health Administrations (state OSHAs) during a site visit, but anecdotal evidence suggests that there is no consistent testing of knowledge after WPS training. EPA's retraining requirements are at 5-year intervals, meaning the knowledge must be retained for that long. Vineyard workers completed a test of their baseline WPS knowledge, computer-based training on WPS, a post-test immediately after training and a re-test 5 months later. Pre-test performance suggested that there was a relatively high level of baseline knowledge of WPS information on two-answer multiple choice tests (74% to 75%) prior to training. Training increased the knowledge to 85% on the post-test with the same questions, a significant increase (p WPS information may be the most important impact of training.

  12. Stigma to Sage: Learning and Teaching Safer Sex Practices Among Canadian Sex Trade Workers. NALL Working Paper.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Meaghan, Diane

    A study interviewed 37 Canadian sex workers in 4 cities to determine how they acquire a working knowledge of safer sex practices and what that knowledge constituted. Findings indicated the vast majority exhibited high levels of knowledge and efficacy regarding safer sex practices; sex workers took the initiative to obtain information and engage in…

  13. Conhecimentos, práticas e percepções de profissionais de saúde sobre o tratamento de malária não complicada em municípios de alto risco da Amazônia Legal Uncomplicated malaria treatment in the Brazilian Amazon: knowledge, practices and perceptions of health workers in high-incidence municipalities

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Claudia Garcia Serpa Osorio-de-Castro

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O controle da malária no Brasil conta com diagnóstico precoce e tratamento adequado e oportuno como estratégia para cura rápida e duradoura. Consequências clínicas e resistência aos antimaláricos podem resultar de falhas na prescrição, dispensação e aceitação dos profissionais aos esquemas terapêuticos propostos. Objetivou-se avaliar conhecimentos, práticas, percepções e atitudes de profissionais envolvidos na assistência farmacêutica à malária, frente ao protocolo oficial e a possíveis falhas na terapêutica. Entrevistaram-se profissionais em seis municípios na Amazônia Legal. Utilizou-se técnica de análise do discurso para determinação de categorias analíticas e sistematização. Dos 63 entrevistados, houve apenas um médico. Os demais, de nível médio, atuavam no diagnóstico, indicação e dispensação do tratamento antimalárico. O tempo de formação e de treinamento foi variável. Houve falhas na adesão ao protocolo nacional, perpassando indicação, dispensação e orientação aos pacientes. Os profissionais carecem de conhecimento para lidar com as especificidades da doença e do tratamento. A responsabilização de profissionais que não possuem o preparo necessário para a atenção sugere necessidade de políticas para a adequada capacitação e incorporação de recursos humanos.Malaria control in Brazil is based on early diagnosis and adequate and timely treatment as strategies for a rapid and long-lasting cure. Clinical consequences and resistance to antimalarials may arise from problems in prescribing, dispensing and in acceptance of therapeutic regimens by healthcare workers. We studied knowledge and practices, perceptions and attitudes of health workers participating in pharmaceutical services for malaria, regarding the official protocol and the possible flaws in therapy. Health workers from six municipalities in the Brazilian Amazon were interviewed. Speech analysis was employed as a technique

  14. Low detection of Vibrio cholerae carriage in healthcare workers returning to 12 Latin American countries from Haiti.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Llanes, R; Somarriba, L; Hernández, G; Bardaji, Y; Aguila, A; Mazumder, R N

    2015-04-01

    SUMMARY This investigation was undertaken to characterize the prevalence of intestinal Vibrio cholerae in healthcare workers (HCWs) returning from Haiti due to the ongoing cholera epidemic. Eight hundred and fifty asymptomatic HCWs of the Cuban Medical Brigade, who planned to leave Haiti, were studied by laboratory screening of stool culture for V. cholerae. A very low percentage (0.23%) of toxigenic V. cholerae serogroup O1, serotype Ogawa was found. To the best of our knowledge, this study represents the largest reported screening study for V. cholerae infection in asymptomatic HCWs returning from a cholera-affected country. Cholera transmission to health personnel highlights a possible risk of transmitting cholera during mobilization of the population for emergency response. Aid workers are encouraged to take precautions to reduce their risk for acquiring cholera and special care should be taken by consuming safe water and food and practising regular hand washing.

  15. Social Work Practice with Latinos: Key Issues for Social Workers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Furman, Rich; Negi, Nalini Junko; Iwamoto, Derek Kenji; Rowan, Diana; Shukraft, Allison; Gragg, Jennifer

    2009-01-01

    The Latino population is the fastest growing group in the United States; thus, it is imperative that social workers and other mental health practitioners be knowledgeable about the current literature on how to effectively serve this population. This article elucidates key issues and knowledge, such as immigration and migration concerns; discusses…

  16. Interactive, Computer-Based Training Program for Radiological Workers

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Trinoskey, P.A.; Camacho, P.I.; Wells, L.

    2000-01-18

    Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (LLNL) is redesigning its Computer-Based Training (CBT) program for radiological workers. The redesign represents a major effort to produce a single, highly interactive and flexible CBT program that will meet the training needs of a wide range of radiological workers--from researchers and x-ray operators to individuals working in tritium, uranium, plutonium, and accelerator facilities. The new CBT program addresses the broad diversity of backgrounds found at a national laboratory. When a training audience is homogeneous in terms of education level and type of work performed, it is difficult to duplicate the effectiveness of a flexible, technically competent instructor who can tailor a course to the express needs and concerns of a course's participants. Unfortunately, such homogeneity is rare. At LLNL, they have a diverse workforce engaged in a wide range of radiological activities, from the fairly common to the quite exotic. As a result, the Laboratory must offer a wide variety of radiological worker courses. These include a general contamination-control course in addition to radioactive-material-handling courses for both low-level laboratory (i.e., bench-top) activities as well as high-level work in tritium, uranium, and plutonium facilities. They also offer training courses for employees who work with radiation-generating devices--x-ray, accelerator, and E-beam operators, for instance. However, even with the number and variety of courses the Laboratory offers, they are constrained by the diversity of backgrounds (i.e., knowledge and experience) of those to be trained. Moreover, time constraints often preclude in-depth coverage of site- and/or task-specific details. In response to this situation, several years ago LLNL began moving toward computer-based training for radiological workers. Today, that CBT effort includes a general radiological safety course developed by the Department of Energy's Hanford facility and

  17. The Triple Helix of the Organizational Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Contantin BRĂTIANU

    2013-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to present the inner triple helix dynamics of the organizationalknowledge. This is a new perspective of the classical view of tacit knowledge– explicit knowledge dyad of the organizational knowledge promoted by Nonaka and hisco-workers. The new perspective is based on the metaphor that organizational knowledge isa "eld rather than a stock, or stocks and flows. It is a complex metaphor using the thermodynamicsprinciples. The organizational knowledge is composed of ...

  18. Analysis on the results of gynecological examination among female workers and awareness situation of their knowledge and behavior on cervical cancer%某单位女职工妇科体检结果分析及对宫颈癌的认知状况调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    帅平; 刘玉萍; 王林; 程幼夫; 肖光春; 陈军; 罗涛; 肖仙

    2012-01-01

    Objective; To find out the occurrence of gynecological diseases among female workers in certain company jn Chengdu, and to investigate their awareness status of knowledge and behavior on cervical cancer and screening. Methods; A total of 1 386 female workers were examined, including gynecological check - up, cervical cancer screening with TruScreen, as well as Thinprep cytology test and cervical biopsy when necessary. The women were investigated as their will through questionnaire related to their knowledge, attitude and behavior toward cervical cancer and screening. Results; The prevalence rate of cervicitis was 52. 7%. Three new cases of cervical precamceros-is were found. The awareness rate of cervical caner and cervical cancer screening was high, which were 88.4% and 71.4% . But only 29. 5% of them actually did the screening previously. The awareness rates of main risk factors of cervical cancer and methods of screening were both lower than 50%. The age, marriage status, education and income had influence on the knowledge and behavior of cervical cancer and screening among female workers. Conclusion: Health educations on prevention of gynecological diseases, cervical cancer and cervical cancer screening should be greatly improved, especially to those young and unmarried female who had sex experiences. Attentions should be paid both on individuals and company leaders on cervical caner screening. Regular gynecological check - up and screening should be taken on female workers.%目的:了解成都市某事业单位女职工妇科疾病患病情况以及她们对宫颈癌和宫颈癌筛查的认知状况,为开展相应的防治和健康教育提供依据.方法:对1386名女职工进行常规妇科检查和初善仪子宫颈癌筛查,必要时行TCT检查和阴道镜下病理组织活检;女职工自愿填写自行设计的调查问卷.结果:该单位女职工宫颈炎总患病率为52.7%,新发现宫颈癌前病变患者3例.听说过

  19. 北京地区某行业流动工人职业卫生知识态度行为调查分析%Investigation and Analysis on Knowledge Attitude and Practice about Occupational Health among Migrant Workers in Beijing City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    白璐; 闫革彬; 线旭东; 李玉青; 魏娜

    2011-01-01

    [Objective] To investigate and analyze the knowledge attitude and practive about occupational health among migrant workers in Beijing City, and provide basic data and prevention advice for reducing and preventing occupational diseases, smoothly and effectively implement interventions, promoting health of professional population. [Methods]The face to face questionnaire survey was applied. Migrant workers filled the questionnaire independently and fully. Results were collected and analyzed by EpiDa-ta3. 0 and SPSS 11.5 statistical software. [Results]Of 457 valid questionnaires, the accuracy rates of" Law of the Peoples Republic of Chinaon Prevention and Control of Occupational Disease" , occupational health knowledge, attitude and behavior was 79. 3% , 74. 4% , 82. 3% and 65. 4% respectively. There was unbalancedness between high correct rate of attitude and low correct rate of behavior. [Conclusion] Long-term vocational training of occupational health knowledge should be implemented regularly. Occupational health education should be conducted to different workers at different level and should be combined with general health education. Therefore, migrant workers will do their best to cooperate with government, enterprise and sanitary department in occupational health surveillance.%目的 调查、分析北京市某行业接触职业病危害因素的流动工人的职业卫生知识、态度、行为,为降低和避免职业病的发生、发展,顺利、有效开展干预活动,促进职业人群健康,提供基础数据和防治意见.方法 采用面对面问卷调查的方法,监督被调查者独立、逐项、完整填写问卷,用EpiData 3.0建立数据库,应用SPSS 11.5软件对问卷内容和结果进行统计分析.结果 有效问卷457份,对《中华人民共和国职业病防治法》认知度相关知识正确应答率为79.3%,对职业卫生知识应答正确率为74.4%,对职业卫生态度应答正确率82.3%,对职

  20. Centrifuge workers study. Phase II, completion report

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wooten, H.D.

    1994-09-01

    Phase II of the Centrifuge Workers Study was a follow-up to the Phase I efforts. The Phase I results had indicated a higher risk than expected among centrifuge workers for developing bladder cancer when compared with the risk in the general population for developing this same type of cancer. However, no specific agent could be identified as the causative agent for these bladder cancers. As the Phase II Report states, Phase I had been limited to workers who had the greatest potential for exposure to substances used in the centrifuge process. Phase II was designed to expand the survey to evaluate the health of all employees who had ever worked in Centrifuge Program Departments 1330-1339 but who had not been interviewed in Phase I. Employees in analytical laboratories and maintenance departments who provided support services for the Centrifuge Program were also included in Phase II. In December 1989, the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), now known as Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), was contracted to conduct a follow-up study (Phase II). Phase H of the Centrifuge Workers Study expanded the survey to include all former centrifuge workers who were not included in Phase I. ORISE was chosen because they had performed the Phase I tasks and summarized the corresponding survey data therefrom.

  1. Centrifuge workers study. Phase II, completion report

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Phase II of the Centrifuge Workers Study was a follow-up to the Phase I efforts. The Phase I results had indicated a higher risk than expected among centrifuge workers for developing bladder cancer when compared with the risk in the general population for developing this same type of cancer. However, no specific agent could be identified as the causative agent for these bladder cancers. As the Phase II Report states, Phase I had been limited to workers who had the greatest potential for exposure to substances used in the centrifuge process. Phase II was designed to expand the survey to evaluate the health of all employees who had ever worked in Centrifuge Program Departments 1330-1339 but who had not been interviewed in Phase I. Employees in analytical laboratories and maintenance departments who provided support services for the Centrifuge Program were also included in Phase II. In December 1989, the Oak Ridge Associated Universities (ORAU), now known as Oak Ridge Institute for Science and Education (ORISE), was contracted to conduct a follow-up study (Phase II). Phase H of the Centrifuge Workers Study expanded the survey to include all former centrifuge workers who were not included in Phase I. ORISE was chosen because they had performed the Phase I tasks and summarized the corresponding survey data therefrom

  2. Tobacco Workers in 1916

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1999-01-01

    I looked at the women in the photo carefully,judging theirage from the style of their hair and clothes,and guessingtheir mood at the time when the photo was taken. On this photo there are about 50 workers from theNanyang Brothers Tobacco Company,who are sitting in thefactory working.It seems they are married women, for allwear their hair in buns.Behind them stand two men in white;they may be the foremen. Women tobacco workers were one branch of Chinesewomen workrs in modern industry.At the end of the 1900’s,the reeling.cotton spinning,match and cigarette trades usedwomen workers extensively.They were mainly employed inenterprises with more than 500 workers,chiefly in cotton,silkand weaving mills.They also amassed in the tobacco trade,

  3. The workers radiation protection

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This file gathers contributions and points of view from different actors of the workers radiation protection, included two foreign contributions making reference to Spanish and British practices. (N.C.)

  4. Health of radiation workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Radiation workers are healthier than the average person in the general population and appear to be as healthy as workers in other ΣsafeΣ industries. It is, however, assumed that there is no safe dose of radiation and that any exposure to radiation will cause a small increase in the incidence of cancer, this increase being directly proportional to the total radiation dose. On the basis of the risk estimates given by ICRP, radiation exposures up to 1 rem per year for 47 years are predicted to cause fewer work-related deaths than expected for the average worker in Canadian industry. Radiation exposures of 5 rem per year from age 18 to 65 would result in predicted risk which is about four times higher than that for most workers in Canada and might increase the chances of death before age 75 to nearly the same level as for the average member of the general public. (auth)

  5. Migrant Workers Fight Back

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LIUBO

    2005-01-01

    Zhao, aged 33, is a migrant worker in a shoe factory in Shenzhen, the prosperous southern Chinese city. He arrived there hve years ago from his home village in north Jiangsu province, a notoriously poverty struck region of China.

  6. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Lubojacký, Roman

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge management is a way to effectively manage corporate knowledge. Goal of the thesis is to analyze tasks and ways of knowledge management and technological means to support it and test chosen software tools for creation of knowledge base of business terms. First part of the work is dealing with analysis of knowledge management, technics and tools, which are used and technologies for its support. Second part is focused on testing tools for creation of business terms knowledge base for n...

  7. Dependency and Worker Flirting

    OpenAIRE

    Konecki, Krzysztof

    1990-01-01

    The present paper concentrates on 'worker flirting' as one of the forms of interactional ritual in the culture of an organization. It is thus only an illustration of the interactional dimension of the culture of an organization. The paper deals with interactional ritual in an industrial organization and is based on an empirical study carried out in a radio-electrical plant, "Z," which employs 1,500 workers. The author carried out a period of three-months covert participant observation and...

  8. Adaptation of the older worker to occupational challenges.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moyers, Penelope A; Coleman, Shelley D

    2004-01-01

    The occupational adaptation practice model guided the search for and the analysis of the literature on the older worker. The purpose of this literature review was to: identify the occupational challenges that older workers experience, determine ways in which the occupational therapist can promote the occupational adaptation of older workers, and articulate the research and policy changes implied in the model related to health and improved productivity. The analysis of the worker's personal characteristics, work tasks, and environments highlighted the types of occupational challenges that may overwhelm the older worker's adaptive capacity. Straining adaptive capacity of the older worker leads to degradation in levels of mastery. The occupational therapist and others could assist the older worker to achieve relative mastery in response to occupational challenges through ergonomic solutions, training, assistive devices, management policy, and health promotion. Combined efforts of the employer, of the occupational therapist, and of the older work to capitalize on the older worker's years of experience, existing skills, and knowledge facilitates higher job satisfaction, better performance, and an increased sense of well-being in the older worker. PMID:15004340

  9. Advanced worker protection system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Caldwell, B.; Duncan, P.; Myers, J. [Oceaneering Space Systems, Houston, TX (United States)

    1995-10-01

    The Department of Energy (DOE) is in the process of defining the magnitude and diversity of Decontamination and Decommissioning (D&D) obligations at its numerous sites. The DOE believes that existing technologies are inadequate to solve many challenging problems such as how to decontaminate structures and equipment cost effectively, what to do with materials and wastes generated, and how to adequately protect workers and the environment. Preliminary estimates show a tremendous need for effective use of resources over a relatively long period (over 30 years). Several technologies are being investigated which can potentially reduce D&D costs while providing appropriate protection to DOE workers. The DOE recognizes that traditional methods used by the EPA in hazardous waste site clean up activities are insufficient to provide the needed protection and worker productivity demanded by DOE D&D programs. As a consequence, new clothing and equipment which can adequately protect workers while providing increases in worker productivity are being sought for implementation at DOE sites. This project describes the development of an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS) which will include a life-support backpack with liquid air for cooling and as a supply of breathing gas, protective clothing, respirators, communications, and support equipment.

  10. Foreign construction workers in Singapore.

    OpenAIRE

    Ofori G

    1997-01-01

    Provides an overview of the construction industry in Singapore. Studies the structure of the construction workforce, the terms of employment, policies towards worker, the effects of employment of foreign workers on local industry, the reducing reliance on foreign construction workers, and the future trends in Singapore's requirements for construction workers.

  11. Laboratory-associated infections and biosafety.

    OpenAIRE

    Sewell, D L

    1995-01-01

    An estimated 500,000 laboratory workers in the United States are at risk of exposure to infectious agents that cause disease ranging from inapparent to life-threatening infections, but the precise risk to a given worker unknown. The emergence of human immunodeficiency virus and hantavirus, the continuing problem of hepatitis B virus, and the reemergence of Mycobacterium tuberculosis have renewed interest in biosafety for the employees of laboratories and health care facilities. This review ex...

  12. HYDROMECHANICS LABORATORY

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — Naval Academy Hydromechanics Laboratory The Naval Academy Hydromechanics Laboratory (NAHL) began operations in Rickover Hall in September 1976. The primary purpose...

  13. 我国女性性工作者艾滋病相关知识、态度、行为调查及干预情况的研究进展%A brief review of studies on knowledge, attitude and practice about AIDS and interventions among female sex workers in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马文喆; 羊海涛; 还锡萍; 彭志行; 喻荣彬; 沈洪兵; 陈峰

    2011-01-01

    性接触传播已成为我国艾滋病的最主要传播途径,针对这一点,国内各地都对女性性工作者(female sex workers,FSWs)的高危行为进行了各种形式的干预调查.主要干预途径有:发放宣传材料、进行艾滋病相关知识培训、为FSWs提供就医便利、开展同伴教育等.各种途径的干预都有一定效果,但也都存在一定的局限性.在干预过程中还发现了一些值得注意的问题,如暗娼实际行为与相关知识知晓率的脱离,性行为方式多样化带来的隐患,暗娼人群中存在吸毒者等.本文就近年来国内针对FSWs所进行的调查、干预及其相关工作中所遇到的问题进行综述,为该人群的艾滋病防治提供依据.%AIDS has been spreading mostly by the way of sex contact in China, given this circumstance, lots of regions in China have launched interventions and researches on behaviors of female sex workers (FSWs) with high danger. There are several main approaches to intervene such as providing brochures with AIDS-related knowledge, organizing trainings for knowledge and skill about AIDS preventing, predigesting medical procedures for FSWs, developing peer education and so on. Each approach has certain effect, either has its own shortage. There are still some aspects which need to pay attention to, for instance, the disparity between knowledge and practice of FSWs, hidden danger brought by new types of sexual acts, drug users among FSWs, and so on. This review will look back and summarize studies and interventions made in the past several years in China and problems appeared during these researches.

  14. Avian influenza and poultry workers, Peru, 2006

    OpenAIRE

    Ortiz, Ernesto J.; Tadeusz J Kochel; Capuano, Ana W; Setterquist, Sharon F.; Gray, Gregory C.

    2007-01-01

    Background  Currently numerous countries in Asia, Africa and Europe are encountering highly pathogenic avian influenza (AI) infections in poultry and humans. In the Americas, home of the world’s largest poultry exporters, contingency plans are being developed and evaluated in preparation for the arrival of these viral strains. Objectives  With this cross‐sectional study, to our knowledge the first in its kind in Central or South America, we sought to learn whether Peruvian poultry workers had...

  15. Knowledge crash and knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Ermine, Jean-Louis

    2010-01-01

    International audience; This article, by including the problem of “Knowledge Crash” in the more general framework of “Knowledge Management”, enlarges the concepts of knowledge, generation and knowledge transfer. It proposes a global approach, starting from a strategic analysis of a knowledge capital and ending in the implementation of socio-technical devices for inter-generational knowledge transfer.

  16. Survey on Schistosomiasis-related Knowledge and Behaviors among the Yangtze River Shipping Workers and Their Relatives in Jianli City%监利市长江航运工作者及其家属血吸虫病相关知识和行为调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    沈杰; 郭润正; 吴春江; 万延建

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解监利市长江航运工作者及其家属血吸虫病相关知识和行为的基本情况.方法 采用自行设计的问卷,对长江沿岸监利市登记在职的航运工作者及其家属进行现场调查.结果 476名研究对象中,对血吸虫病、血吸虫病的症状、传播途径和防治措施的知晓率分别是83.4%、79.0%、78.2%和74.2%.血防知识知晓情况在性别、年龄组别差异有统计学意义(P<0.05).在知道血吸虫病的397名被调查者中,认为血吸虫病无所谓的占12.8%;表示害怕感染上血吸虫病的占16.1%,并且只有78.6%的人会在日常生活中采取预防血吸虫病的措施.看电视是获取血防知识的主要途径,占61.5%.结论 监利市航运工作者及其家属作为血吸虫病的高危人群,其血防知识的知晓率还较低,对血吸虫病还存在不正确的认识,存在轻视或盲目害怕的问题,其采取有效预防措施的主动性还有待提高.%Objectives To find out the general level of schistosomiasis-related knowledge and behaviors among the Yangtze river shipping workers and their relatives in Jianli City. Methods Shipping workers registered in Jianli City along the Yangtze river and their relatives were investigated on the spot with self-designed questionnaire. Results Among the 476 subjects, the awareness rates of schistosomiasis. Symptoms of schistosomiasis. Transmission paths and preventive measurements were 83. 4% , 79. 0% , 78. 2% and 74. 2% , respectively. Statistically, the differences between gender and among age groups were significant in schistosomiasis prevention knowledge (P<0. 05). Among 397 subjects who knew schistosomiasis, 12. 8% showed indifferent attitude on schistosomiasis, 16. 1% showed that they feared to be infected, and only 78. 6% took measurements to prevent schistosomiasis. Watching TV was the main way to obtain knowledge of schistosomiasis prevention accounting for 61. 5 %. Conclusions Being the high

  17. 某在建高速公路沿线女性性工作者艾滋病知识态度和行为干预效果评价%Evaluation of effectiveness of interventions related to AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior among female sex workers along a highway under construction

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    彭红艳; 朱长才; 杨芳; 姚璇; 宋伟; 郑武

    2012-01-01

    目的 评价应用健康干预工具包,对在建高速公路沿线女性性工作者进行艾滋病知识、态度及行为的干预的效果.方法 随机抽取在建高速公路周边的120名女性性服务工作者作为研究对象,采用世界银行提供、湖北省疾病预防控制中心翻译调整的健康干预工具包,对女性性工作者进行系列干预,比较干预前后艾滋病知识、态度和行为的变化.结果 高速公路沿线女性性工作者艾滋病相关知识总知晓率,由干预前的59.4%提高到干预后的78.2%(P<0.05);愿意照顾患艾滋病家人的比例,由56.0%提高到干预后的83.8% (P<0.05).在商业性行为中,最近一个月与所有客人发生性行为时总是使用安全套的比例,由35.2%提高到干预后的61.6%(P<0.05).结论 采用健康干预工具包对目标人群进行系列干预,可在一定程度上提高女性性工作者的艾滋病防治知识、正性态度和安全套使用行为.%Objective To evaluate the effectiveness of health intervention toolkit related to AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior among female sex workers along a highway under construction . Method The health intervention toolkit sponsored by the World Bank and adapted by Hubei Provincial Center for Disease Control were used as intervention among the female sex workers along the highway under construction, and the changes of AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior before and after the intervention were compared. Results The total awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge among female sex workers along the highway increased to 78. 2% after the intervention from 59.1% before the interventionP<0. 05) , the number of people who were willing to care for their AIDS family members increased to 83. 8% from 56. 0%(P

  18. Knowledge Sharing via Social Networking Platforms in Organizations

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kettles, Degan

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge Management Systems have been actively promoted for decades within organizations but have frequently failed to be used. Recently, deployments of enterprise social networking platforms used for knowledge management have become commonplace. These platforms help harness the knowledge of workers by serving as repositories of knowledge as well…

  19. Occupational health nursing with Navajo workers. Providing culturally competent care.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lusk, P; Holst, P

    2001-01-01

    1. Native Americans in the southwestern United States are considered a "vulnerable population." Native Americans have economic difficulties, poor health, and little access to health care. The Navajo nation is the largest Native American reservation in the United States. 2. Occupational health nurses who provide culturally competent care increase the likelihood for Navajo workers to obtain optimal benefits from workplace health services. 3. The nurse uses cultural assessment skills and critical thinking abilities to maximize therapeutic interactions and minimize barriers in communications with workers of other cultural backgrounds. 4. The nurse who is knowledgeable about the Navajo way can help achieve a balance between the traditional ways and Western ways of addressing serious health care issues facing the Navajo worker. This knowledge and cultural awareness also increases the effectiveness of health promotion and health education programs offered to workers, their families, and their communities. PMID:11760275

  20. Factors affecting Thai workers' use of hearing protection.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tantranont, Kunlayanee; Srisuphan, Wichit; Kaewthummanukul, Thanee; Suthakorn, Weeraporn; Jormsri, Pantip; Salazar, Mary K

    2009-11-01

    This study used an ecological model to examine Thai workers' beliefs and attitudes toward using occupational hearing protection. Data collection involved focus group sessions with 28 noise-exposed workers at four factories in Chiang Mai Province and an interview with a safety officer at each organization. Detailed content analysis resulted in the identification of three types of factors influencing the use of hearing protection: intrapersonal, including preventing impaired hearing, noise annoyance, personal discomfort, and interference with communication; interpersonal, including coworker modeling, supervisor support, and supervisor modeling; and organizational, including organizational rules and regulations, provision of hearing protection devices, dissemination of knowledge and information, noise monitoring, and hearing testing. Effective hearing protection programs depend on knowledge of all of these factors. Strategies to promote workers' use of hearing protection should include the complete range of factors having the potential to affect workers' hearing.

  1. [Community health workers: promoters of interaction between territories].

    Science.gov (United States)

    da Costa, Samira Lima; de Carvalho, Emílio Nolasco

    2012-11-01

    This article presents reflections originating from a series of meetings with community health workers over a period of ten years. It identifies the consolidation of two existential territories, which are sometimes closer and at other times more distant from each other, namely the territory of technical knowledge about health and the territory of popular knowledge about health. Starting with the analysis of some quotes from health workers and reflections which tally with the theoretical reference in the area, this paper discusses some of the dilemmas and deadlocks of access and affiliation from the perspective of some of these health workers, as well as the strategies devised on a day-to-day basis from the crossovers that take place between these two territories. It identifies the function of community health workers as frontier agents, at times acting as inventors or motivators of contact zones between the territories, and at other times acting as a representative by one territory inside the other.

  2. Nuclear knowledge preservation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The nuclear technology has encouraged the world development and brought a number of benefits to society. These benefits occurred in important social sectors such as Agriculture, Industry, Health Sciences, Environmental Sciences and the production of energy. The research in the nuclear area is justified, accordingly, as an important factor for science development, technology and innovation. Despite the importance of nuclear energy, there is a collapse in the generation, transmission and sharing of nuclear knowledge. The threat of regression in this area is evidenced by the difficulty of generating new knowledge and practices regarding the maintenance of some critical areas. This project focuses its attention on studying, specifically, the lack of young engineers and technical professionals to replace the older, considered this, an alarming situation. Therefore, it is necessary to identify and record the key skills of experienced workers, through a set of tools to elicitation (capture) this knowledge, as expertise is mainly with people, and is lost when they leave the organization. Against, the Knowledge Management provides methodologies for the process of stimulating the creation, collection and knowledge dissemination process, in order to achieve strategic objectives. This study aims to contribute to the building of a model for the Brazilian nuclear knowledge preservation and, therefore, contributes to the maintenance and innovation of activities in this area. (author)

  3. Knowledge scenarios

    OpenAIRE

    Baiget, Joan

    2005-01-01

    Knowledge management consist nowadays in a wide range of practices. However there are two basic concepts in the Knowledge literature: Tacit and Explicit knowledge. This article suggests to conceptualize both concepts related to ‘the reality’, and proposes a basic model for acquisition, creation and transmission of knowledge, introducing the ideas of ‘Organic knowledge’ and ‘Inorganic knowledge’.

  4. Knowledge Management

    CERN Document Server

    Gerami, Mohsen

    2010-01-01

    This paper discusses the important process of knowledge and its management, and differences between tacit and explicit knowledge and understanding the culture as a key issue for the successful implementation of knowledge management, in addition to, this paper is concerned with the four-stage model for the evolution of information technology (IT) support for knowledge management in law firms.

  5. Conocimientos sobre tuberculosis en trabajadores de la salud en una localidad de Bogotá D. C Conhecimentos sobre tuberculose entre trabalhadores da saúde em uma localidade de Bogotá D.C Knowledge on tuberculosis In health workers in a sector of Bogotá D.C

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Óscar Andrés Cruz Martínez

    2011-07-01

    trabalhadores com a leitura prévia e aceitação de participação mediante consentimento informado. Realizou-se uma caracterização geral dos trabalhadores e avaliaram-se os conhecimentos básicos sobre tuberculose. Os resultados evidenciaram que um 34% de trabalhadores atingiu um nível de conhecimento médio, um 32% nível inferior, um 27% nível baixo e só um 7% conseguiu um nível alto. Verificou-se, em geral, um déficit de conhecimentos sobre a doença, principalmente, em temas como diagnóstico, tratamento, período de transmissibilidade e medidas de biosseguridade. Verifica-se a necessidade de orientar ações que ampliem os conhecimentos sobre tuberculose nos trabalhadores da saúde, mediante a formação acadêmica, a facilitação de espaços para capacitação, o melhoramento das condições de trabalho e a articulação de atividades de pesquisa e extensão entre a academia e o Programa Distrital de Controle de Tuberculose.This article comes from a pre-graduate monograph to obtain the title of Professional Nurse, whose purpose was to identify the knowledge on tuberculosis in 117 health workers from 12 public and private health institutions connected to the tuberculosis prevention and control program of the District Health Secretariat (Secretaría Distrital de Salud, in a sector of Bogotá. To collect data, an evaluation instrument was designed and applied to workers prior reading and accepting participation through informed consent. A general characterization of workers was carried out and basic knowledge on tuberculosis was assessed. Results showed that 34% of the workers reached a mid level of knowledge, 32% reached a lower level and 27% a low level and only 7% reached the high level. In general, a deficit in knowledge on the disease could be observed, mainly in subjects such as diagnosis, treatment, transmission period and bio-safety measures. The need to take actions to increase the knowledge on tuberculosis among health workers through academic training

  6. An analysis on knowledge, condom use and risk behavior related to HIV/AIDS in low-tier female sex workers in Guilin%桂林低档暗娼艾滋病知识、安全套使用情况及危险因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文小青

    2013-01-01

    目的 分析桂林低档暗娼的艾滋病相关知识、安全套使用情况、高危行为及艾滋病、丙肝和梅毒感染情况.方法 选择路边店、洗头房、浴足屋等低档场所或街边,或者是她们每提供一次性服务(例如阴道交、肛交或口交)收取少于50元钱的861名低档暗娼进行问卷和血清学调查.结果 调查对象平均年龄为31.2岁,艾滋病相关知识知晓率为65.27%,最近1月发生性关系平均客人数为54.2人,最近1个月每次性行为均使用安全套的率为40.19%,存在吸毒现象,HIV阳性14人,丙肝阳性24人,梅毒阳性62人.结论 低档暗娼年龄偏大,自我保护意识差,客人数多,安全套的使用率低,是艾滋病感染和传播的高危人群,应深入开展宣传教育和干预工作,并同时开展嫖客干预.%OBJECTIVE To analyze knowledge,condom use,risk behavior related to HIV/AIDS and the infectious rate of HIV,HCV and syphilis of low-tier female sex workers in Guilin.METHODS Investigated 861 low-tier female sex workers in low-end establishments,including roadside parlors,hair salon and feet-bath salons ect.or streets,or who charged less than 50 Yuan for their sexual service (e.g.,vaginal,anal or oral sex) by questionnaire survey and serological test.RESULTS Among the 861 low-tier female sex workers,the average age was 31.2 years,and the awareness of AIDS-related knowledge was 65.27%.The average number of clients was 54.2 cases and the rate of condom use with their clients during sex was 40.19% in recent one month.The drug use existed among them.We identified 14 HIV antibody positive cases,24 HCV antibody positive cases and 62 syphilis antibody positive cases.CONCLUSION Low-tier female sex workers are elder.They have low awareness of self-protection.They have more clients and the rate of condom use is low.They are the high risk group vulnerable to HIV and to spread.So we should give comprehensive propaganda and intervention to this high-risk group

  7. Larval regulation of worker reproduction in the polydomous ant Novomessor cockerelli

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ebie, Jessica D.; Hölldobler, Bert; Liebig, Jürgen

    2015-12-01

    Although workers in many ant species are capable of producing their own offspring, they generally rear the queen's offspring instead. There are various mechanisms that regulate worker reproduction including inhibitory effects of ant brood. Colonies of the ant Novomessor cockerelli are monogynous and polydomous resulting in a large portion of nest workers being physically isolated from the queen for extended periods of time. Some workers experimentally isolated from the queen in laboratory nests lay viable eggs, which develop into males. We investigate the mechanism that regulates worker fertility in subnests separated from the queen by giving queenless worker groups queen-produced larvae, queen-produced eggs, or no brood. Our findings show that larvae delay the time to worker egg-laying, but eggs have no effect. Larval inhibition is a likely mechanism that contributes to the regulation of worker reproduction in N. cockerellli because larvae are easily transported to subnests that do not contain a queen.

  8. Knowledge management systems in practice

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tørning, Kristian

    which has the strategy of working with knowledge in the form of "best practices" meant to boost performance. The thesis explores the situation that workers are in, since they are meant to share and develop "best practices" knowledge in a portal based Knowledge Management System (KMS). The study......This dissertation contributes to the existing body of knowledge on how we design computer systems, particularly multiuser software for knowledge sharing and creation in globally diffused companies. This is achieved by conducting a work place study of a global industrial engineering conglomerate...... indentifies a set of problems that prevents knowledge sharing from taking place to the degree to which management was specifically aiming. It was explored whether these problems could, to some degree, be mitigated by employing persuasive design, which is a new stance towards design where the aim...

  9. Promoting Organizational Entrepreneurship in Iran: Evidences from Agricultural Extension Workers

    OpenAIRE

    Nader Naderi; Nematollah Shiri; Mojgan Khoshmaram; Masoud Ramezani

    2016-01-01

    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the role of Knowledge Management (KM) in Organizational Entrepreneurship (OE) among agriculture extension workers at Kermanshah Township, Iran. The statistical population in this study consisted of all agriculture extension workers of Jihad-e-Agriculture management and centers of agricultural services at Kermanshah Township (N=143), of whom 129 were available and provided data for this study. The main instrument in this st...

  10. Semantic knowledge representation for information retrieval

    CERN Document Server

    Gödert, Winfried; Nagelschmidt, Matthias

    2014-01-01

    This book covers the basics of semantic web technologies and indexing languages, and describes their contribution to improve languages as a tool for subject queries and knowledge exploration. The book is relevant to information scientists, knowledge workers and indexers. It provides a suitable combination of theoretical foundations and practical applications.

  11. Educating for the Knowledge Economy? Critical Perspectives

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lauder, Hugh, Ed.; Young, Michael, Ed.; Daniels, Harry, Ed.; Balarin, Maria, Ed.; Lowe, John, Ed.

    2012-01-01

    The promise, embraced by governments around the world, is that the knowledge economy will provide knowledge workers with a degree of autonomy and permission to think which enables them to be creative and to attract high incomes. What credence should we give to this promise? The current economic crisis is provoking a reappraisal of both economic…

  12. 破坏性领导与研发人员知识藏匿:基于本土高新技术企业的实证研究%Destructive Leadership and R & D Worker's Knowledge Hiding in High-Tech Enterprises:An Empirical Study Based on High-tech Enterprises in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵红丹; 夏青

    2016-01-01

    As a pervasive workplace phenomenon ,knowledge hiding can cause serious economic losses to companies .Based on the reciprocity theory ,this paper built the concept model of destructive leadership and R&D worker's knowledge hiding of high‐tech enterprise from the perspective of interpersonal interaction .It tests it by means of 253 samples from local high‐tech firms .Results of the analyses suggest that destructive leadership has a positive impact on knowledge hiding .In addition ,negative reciprocity has obvious function of adjusting the effect of destructive leadership on know ledge hiding .%知识藏匿现象在组织中普遍存在,而且会给组织造成严重的经济损失。基于互惠理论,从人际互动视角探讨了破坏性领导对研发人员知识藏匿的影响,尤其是消极互惠在其中的调节作用。选取253个本土高新技术企业作为研究样本进行了实证研究,结果发现:破坏性领导会导致研发人员知识藏匿的发生,但对消极互惠规范倾向高的研发人员而言,二者关系较强;对消极互惠规范倾向低的研发人员而言,二者关系较弱。

  13. 76 FR 72216 - Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard; Extension of the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-22

    ... hazardous chemicals in accordance with the Standard's definitions for ``laboratory use of hazardous chemicals'' and ``laboratory scale.'' The Standard requires that these laboratories maintain worker... Occupational Safety and Health Administration Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in...

  14. Produção de conhecimento e intersetorialidade em prol das condições de vida e de saúde dos trabalhadores do setor sucroalcooleiro Production of knowledge and an inter-sectoral approach vis-à-vis living and health conditions of workers in the sugarcane sector

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Minayo-Gomez

    2011-08-01

    knowledge produced by researchers of the sugarcane industry in the instrumental resources used in legal actions, monitoring and surveillance generates important advances in the health of workers and the environment.

  15. Personalized laboratory medicine

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Pazzagli, M.; Malentacchi, F.; Mancini, I.;

    2015-01-01

    diagnostic tools and expertise and commands proper state-of-the-art knowledge about Personalized Medicine and Laboratory Medicine in Europe, the joint Working Group "Personalized Laboratory Medicine" of the EFLM and ESPT societies compiled and conducted the Questionnaire "Is Laboratory Medicine ready...... for the era of Personalized Medicine?". 48 laboratories from 18 European countries participated at this survey. The answers of the participating Laboratory Medicine professionals indicate that they are aware that Personalized Medicine can represent a new and promising health model. Whereas they are aware...... that Laboratory Medicine should play a key role to support the implementation of Personalized Medicine in the clinical settings, the participants of this survey think that the current organization of the Laboratory Medicine needs additional/relevant implementations such as: 1. New technological Facilities...

  16. Uncovering Tacit Knowledge: A Pilot Study to Broaden the Concept of Knowledge in Knowledge Translation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Edwards Nancy

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background All sectors in health care are being asked to focus on the knowledge-to-practice gap, or knowledge translation, to increase service effectiveness. A social interaction approach to knowledge translation assumes that research evidence becomes integrated with previously held knowledge, and practitioners build on and co-create knowledge through mutual interactions. Knowledge translation strategies for public health have not provided anticipated positive changes in evidence-based practice, possibly due in part to a narrow conceptualization of knowledge. More work is needed to understand the role of tacit knowledge in decision-making and practice. This pilot study examined how health practitioners applied tacit knowledge in public health program planning and implementation. Methods This study used a narrative approach, where teams from two public health units in Ontario, Canada were conveniently selected. Respondents participated in individual interviews and focus groups at each site. Questions were designed to understand the role of tacit knowledge as it related to the program planning process. Data were analyzed through a combination of content analysis and thematic comparison. Results The findings highlighted two major aspects of knowledge that arose: the use of tacit knowledge and the integration of tacit and explicit knowledge. Tacit knowledge included: past experiences, organization-specific knowledge, community contextual knowledge, and the recognition of the tacit knowledge of others. Explicit knowledge included: research literature, the Internet, popular magazines, formal assessments (surveys and interviews, legislation and regulations. Participants sometimes deliberately combined tacit and explicit knowledge sources in planning. Conclusions This pilot demonstrated that front-line public health workers draw upon both tacit knowledge and explicit knowledge in their everyday lived reality. Further, tacit knowledge plays an

  17. Survey on smoking statue and somking-related knowledge, attitude and behavior among new generation of migrant workers%上海市新生代农民工吸烟行为和相关知识态度调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘瑶; 潘志刚; 汪天英; 王天浩; 沈瑶; 龚剑; 戴维; 周敬; 杨华

    2015-01-01

    Objective To survey smoking status and smoking related knowledge,attitude,behavior among new generation of migrant workers in Shanghai.Methods Multi-stage sampling was used to select 2 338 new generation of migrant workers aged 18-30 yeas old from 7 districts in Shanghai during July to October in 2012,and a questionnaire survey was conducted on the smoking status and smoking-related knowledge,attitude and behavior among new generation migrant workers.Results Among 2 338 participants,the smoking rate and current smoking rate was 25.1% and 22.5%;and 44.2% male and 3.6% female reported current smoking,respectively.The average cigarettes consumption per current smoker was (11.7 ± 8.9) sticks/d;and 35.0% current smokers were moderate to heavy smokers.Among 525 current smokers,60.2% had ever tried to quit smoking,while 35.8% had no intention to quit smoking in the coming year.97.0% and 96.8% were aware that active smoking and passive smoking did harm to health.Compared with current smokers,non-current smokers had higher awareness rate of the harm of smoking (P < 0.01).More than 70% new generation of migrant workers knew that smoking could cause lung cancer,chronic bronchitis,whereas those who knew that smoking could cause stroke and coronary heart disease accounted for less than 35%.67.3% new generation of migrant workers were against smoking,68.6% had a positive attitude towards the smoking ban in public places.Non-current smokers expressed a more positive attitude towards the smoking ban in public places than current smokers (73.6% vs.51.4%,x2 =93.28,P < 0.01).Conclusion Smoking is common in the new generation of migrant workers in Shanghai.Their smoking-related knowledge is insufficient,and the attitude to smoking ban in public places should be improved.%目的 了解上海市新生代农民工的吸烟行为、吸烟危害健康相关知识的知晓情况及对控烟工作的态度,为开展有效可行的控烟

  18. Knowledge Sharing

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Holdt Christensen, Peter

    The concept of knowledge management has, indeed, become a buzzword that every single organization is expected to practice and live by. Knowledge management is about managing the organization's knowledge for the common good of the organization -but practicing knowledge management is not as simple...... as that. This article focuses on knowledge sharing as the process seeking to reduce the resources spent on reinventing the wheel.The article introduces the concept of time sensitiveness; i.e. that knowledge is either urgently needed, or not that urgently needed. Furthermore, knowledge sharing...... is considered as either a push or pull system. Four strategies for sharing knowledge - help, post-it, manuals and meeting, and advice are introduced. Each strategy requires different channels for sharing knowledge. An empirical analysis in a production facility highlights how the strategies can be practiced....

  19. 知识员工心理资本对创新绩效的影响:心理契约的中介%The Effect of Knowledge Worker Psychological Capital on Innovative Performance: The Mediating Effect of Psychological Contract

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    侯二秀; 陈树文; 长青

    2012-01-01

    In order to analyze the relationship between knowledge worker psychological capital and individual innovative performance and gives a theoretical model, based on the equity theory and social exchange theory, we build a relational model. Then we make an empirical investigation through the sample from employees who work in technical and management field in high-tech and new energy enterprises to examine it. The EFA and CFA results show that the Learning-oriented psychological capital, innovative psychological capital and Guanxi-oriented psychological capital are positively related to taskoriented psychological capital, and knowledge worker psychological capital has a positively effect on psychological contract. As a result, psychological contract plays a mediating role in the relation- ship between knowledge worker psychological capital and innovative performance. From these results we can see, the organization need train and improve the employees" psychological capital in order to improve perceptions regarding the responsibilities for their organization in their employment relationship. Furthermore, their creative capability and the input in innovation process can be strengthened and innovative performance can be realized.%基于公平理论和社会交换理论研究了知识员工心理资本、心理契约与创新绩效的关系,提出了相应的理论模型,并以高科技和新能源企业技术和管理岗位的员工作为样本,进行了实证检验。探索性因子分析和验证性因子分析结果显示。学习型心理资本、创新型心理资本与关系型心理资本正相关于任务型心理资本,同时知识员工任务型心理资本、关系型心理资本与创新型心理资本对于心理契约形成有积极作用,而心理契约在知识员工心理资本与创新绩效关系中起中介作用。这表明,组织需要培养和提升知识员工的心理资本,从而促使知识员工对组

  20. Knowledge and risk behaviors related to AIDS among sex workers in Liuzhou city%柳州市性服务工作者艾滋病相关知识和相关危险行为因素分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯献湘; 白玉; 俸卫东

    2011-01-01

    目的 了解柳州市及柳江、柳城县娱乐场所性服务工作者(FSW)艾滋病相关知识和相关危险行为,为艾滋病行为干预提供依据.方法 采用分层抽样方法抽取娱乐场所性服务工作者1 047名,采用一对一匿名的问卷调查和采血.结果 调查对象平均年龄为(25.8±6.4)岁,FSW艾滋病知识较缺乏,蚊虫叮咬会感染艾滋病正确率依然最低,为79.2%;不同对象安全套使用率有差异,最近一次与客人发生性关系时有80.3%的FSW使用安全套,而最近一次与配偶/同居男友发生性关系时安全套使用率为50.0%,两者差异有统计学意义(X2=9.1,P<0.05).FSW感染艾滋病的有4例,占0.4%;感染梅毒的有28例,占2.7%.结论 柳州市FSW艾滋病相关知识缺乏和性行为的反应因素,提示应加大性病知识宣传力度,以控制艾滋病、性病传播.%Objective To study the knowledge,awareness of AIDS and its associated behavior among the female sexual workers (FSW) in entertainment places so as to provide evidence for the behavioral intervention. Methods 1 047 female sex workers from 3 different monitoring areas were selected and analyzed by the stratified sampling. One-to-one questionnaire type survey and blood tests were performed. Results The average age of these workers was (25.8±6.4). The knowledge of AIDS was insufficient in these FSW.The percentages of respondents believing that AIDS could be acquired through mosquito bite and having meal in the same table were 79.2%.There was different condom use rate to different objectives among the FSW, the latest clients condom use rate was 80.3%, the spouse condom use rate was 50.0%, there was significant difference between the two groups(x2=9.1 ,P<0.05). 4 cases of AIDS(0.4%)and 28 cases of syphilis (2.7%)were found. Conclusion Condum use rate should be improved, and meanwhile, the sexually transmitted disease knowledge should be educated broadly in order to control the transmission of

  1. Migration of health workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buchan, James

    2008-01-01

    The discussion and debate stimulated by these papers focused across a range of issues but there were four main areas of questioning: "measuring" and monitoring migration (issues related to comparability, completeness and accuracy of data sets on human resources); the impact of migration of health workers on health systems; the motivations of individual health workers to migrate (the "push" and "pull" factors) and the effect of policies designed either to reduce migration (e.g "self ufficiency") or to stimulate it (e.g active international recruitment). It was recognised that there was a critical need to examine migratory flows within the broader context of all health care labour market dynamics within a country, that increasing migration of health workers was an inevitable consequence of globalisation, and that there was a critical need to improve monitoring so as to better inform policy formulation and policy testing in this area. PMID:18561695

  2. Knowledge Management of E-Government in Jordan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tamara Almarabeh

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available nowadays, knowledge management is considered an essential part of any organization to prepare and develop its vision for the future. Knowledge management allows better utilization of the organization expertise, resources, and bright ideas. The science of knowledge management started when the technology revolution reached every organization. The ease and availability of information, major advancements in communication technologies, the emergence of knowledge worker, and the knowledge economy are the reasons of knowledge management development.

  3. 唐山市餐饮从业人员食品安全知识、态度及行为调查分析%Survey and Analysis on the Knowledge, Attitudes and Behaviors for Food Safety in Catering Workers in Tangshan City

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    唐亚楠; 宁鸿珍; 关维俊; 唐咏梅; 周瑞华; 刘海燕

    2014-01-01

    !O!b!jec"tive !!"To provide evidence for health education to catering workers based on the research on their food safety knowl-edge, professional attitudes and behaviors in Tangshan city. !M!e!tho"d ! !"Totally 759 catering employees in Tangshan city were extracted by u-sing Stratified Cluster Sampling Method to investigate their food safety knowledge, attitude and behavior with self-devised questionnaire. !!"The results showed that the rate of food safety knowledge awareness was 74. 1%, the rate of food safety attitude awareness was 85. 6%, and the formation rate of food safety behavior was 79. 3%. Totally 83. 4% of all catering employees hold the health certificates in Tangshan City, which standed at a low level. There was no obvious difference for the employees in restaurants from those in collective can-teens on the food safety knowledge, attitude, and behavior, however, the difference on the awareness of food safety knowledge and behavior forming was significant based on catering employees’ different education, unit scale, training condition, positions, the time joined the in-dustry. !R!e!sul"t !C!on!cl"usion !!!"Partial catering industry employees in Tangshan city had lower level of food safety knowledge, but surely they had ac-tive attitude towards acquiring food safety knowledge. Therefore, it was necessary to increase the food industry employee’s food safety knowl-edge and regulate their behavior by enhancing health knowledge training and strengthening the law enforcement.%目的::研究河北省唐山市餐饮从业人员食品安全知识、从业态度和行为的现况,为餐饮从业人员进行健康教育提供依据。方法:采用分层随机抽样的方法抽取唐山市餐饮从业人员759人,通过调查问卷了解其食品安全知识、态度和行为现状。结果:唐山市餐饮从业人员食品安全知识、态度、行为总体知晓率分别为74.1%、88.2%和79.3%;从业人员健康证持有率为89.3%

  4. An Empirical Study on the Impacts of Demographic Variable on Knowledge Worker's Innovation Behavior%人口统计变量对企业知识员工创新行为影响的实证研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王贵军

    2015-01-01

    Based on the comprehensive analysis of the 1221 questionnaires which were gained from more than 100 enterprises, this paper analyzed the impacts of demographic variable on knowledge worker’s innovation behavior. It was found that gender, age and position had an obvious effect on innovation behavior. And education had a significant correlation with innovation idea’s generation of innovation behavior. Based on the empirical conclusion, the management suggestions were put forward from the perspective of enterprises in this thesis.%以来自国内100多家企业的1221份答卷为统计样本,分析了人口统计变量对知识员工创新行为的影响,发现性别、年龄、职位对创新行为有显著影响,学历对创新行为之创新构想产生有显著影响。针对实证结论,从企业视角提出了管理建议。

  5. "Tacit Knowledge" versus "Explicit Knowledge"

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sanchez, Ron

    2004-01-01

    This paper explains two fundamental approaches to knowledge management. The tacitknowledge approach emphasizes understanding the kinds of knowledge that individualsin an organization have, moving people to transfer knowledge within an organization,and managing key individuals as knowledge creators...... an organization. The relative advantages and disadvantages of bothapproaches to knowledge management are summarized. A synthesis of tacit andknowledge management approaches is recommended to create a hybrid design for theknowledge management practices in a given organization....

  6. Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    In 2001, SCK-CEN decided to adopt and implement a practical knowledge management approach. Knowledge management activities were identified within the organisation and a co-ordinated approach to knowledge management was applied. Such an approach requires an efficient reuse of recorded knowledge and an effective transfer of the available knowledge. This approach ensures an added value to our research work and guarantees the long-term preservation of the institutional memory. Principle results and future developments regarding knowledge management at SCK-CEN are summarised

  7. The older worker.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fulks, J S; Fallon, L F

    2001-01-01

    About one person in eight remains employed past 65, the average age for retirement in the U.S. These persons tend to be highly reliable. They can adapt and learn new technology, but may require extra time to do so. Older workers have particular needs in the workplace due to physiological changes that accompany aging. They may require more lighting, and they may have decreased mobility, physical strength, and dexterity. These factors often have no impact on their ability to accomplish job duties. This chapter underscores the significant contributions that older workers often provide, and also addresses retirement planning.

  8. Chosen aspects of knowledge management in enterprises

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A. Kania

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: In this article the important role of knowledge management in enterprises was presented. The knowledge and workers skills are the wealth and success source of organizations on the market.Design/methodology/approach: The paper shows definitions and types of knowledge, systems and models of knowledge management and directions of knowledge acquirement and development.Findings: In this article the analysis of role and function of knowledge management in modern enterprise on the basis of workers opinion poll, documentation review and conducted an interview in organization was carried out.Research limitations/implications: Knowledge management in contemporary enterprise is one of the key factors. It decides about its economic success. Because of that continuous learning, improvement and forming of system functioning in organization are the priority of enterprise.Practical implications: implications Nowadays, organisations achieve competitive supremacy through skilful knowledge management. For knowledge it was the strategic attribute to fulfil three properties. It must be: unique, possible for continuous improvement and difficult to fast copying and imitating.Originality/value: In this article it was shown that knowledge management was the important field in organisation management. It is worth taking steps forward to improve information flow, arrange workers for job completion, work conditions and organisation image and efficiency.

  9. Knowledge Management

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Knowledge management is an evolving subject area based on two notions: - That knowledge is a fundamental aspect of effective organizational performance; - That specific steps need to be actively taken to promote knowledge creation and use. Two common approaches to knowledge management that are often used in combination include: - Knowledge management focused on the capture of explicit knowledge and sharing this via technology; - Knowledge management focused on managing tacit knowledge without necessarily making it explicit, and creating new knowledge as well as sharing existing knowledge. In the context of human resources development, knowledge management is strongly tied to strategy and is activity oriented. Properly applied knowledge management improves organizational efficiency and productivity through reducing process times, introducing technology to assist finding relevant information and instituting techniques to remedy poor quality outputs. Knowledge management also promotes innovations, which can result from initiatives such as developing social networks for knowledge exchange, providing leadership to encourage risk taking and capturing the lessons learned from past activities. Both of these benefits require openness to change and a drive for continual improvement. Other benefits of knowledge management include improved decision making, retaining organizational memory and organizational learning, as well as improving morale. Knowledge management can be used on its own or in collaboration with other management disciplines and tools to establish an environment that will enable the organization to realize these benefits. Summarizing the effective management of nuclear knowledge includes ensuring the continued availability of qualified personnel. As the nuclear workforce ages and retires, and with support uncertain for university programmes in nuclear science and engineering, this issue has become critical to ensuring safety and security, encouraging innovation

  10. Knowledge Commodification and New Patterns of Specialisation: Professionals and Experts in Knowledge-Intensive Business Services (KIBS)

    OpenAIRE

    Strambach , Simone

    2010-01-01

    The knowledge society is characterized by knowledge becoming a kind of commodity that can be traded and priced. Knowledge-intensive business services (KIBS) are representative for such a knowledge-based economy, since their main input and output factor is directly related to knowledge itself. While research on KIBS has been mainly conducted on the firm and sector level, focusing on their role in innovation processes, little attention has been paid to the knowledge workers within the firms, wh...

  11. 知识型员工职业自我效能及职业动机与就业能力的关系研究%A Study of Knowledge Workers Career Self -efficacy, Career Motivation and Employability

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚健虎

    2014-01-01

    Through a survey of Guangdong enterprises 494 knowledge employees , this paper studied the mediating effect of career motivation between career self -efficacy and employability , as well as in different individual backgrounds of employees under employabili-ty . Study results showed that career motivation between career self -efficacy and employability plays a full role of intermediary ;there was no significant difference between the different degree and different marital status of employees their employability ;and the staff of different gender , different age and different job levels of their employability showed significant difference .%本文通过对广东企业494名知识型员工的问卷调查,探讨职业动机在职业自我效能与就业能力之间具有的中介效应,以及在不同个体背景变项下员工的就业能力差异状况。研究结果表明:职业动机在职业自我效能与就业能力之间起着完全中介的作用;不同学历和不同婚姻状况的员工其就业能力没有显著差异;而不同性别、不同年龄和不同职位层次的员工其就业能力均呈现出显著差异。

  12. Artisanal knowledge

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raven, Diederick

    2013-03-01

    Full Text Available This essay is about the ensuing problem that in general it is nothelpful to talk about non-standard knowledge practices as modeled after our Western ideas of what knowledge is. It negotiates this problem by arguing that artisanal knowledge is an independent and self-contained mode of knowledge and is arranged in three parts. In the first part an outline is given of the key assumptions of the interactionist conception of knowledge that needs to be put in place as an alternative to the basically Kantian mixture of empiricist and rationalist assumptions of the folk model of Western academic thinking about knowledge. In this interactionist conception of knowledgeartisanal knowledge gets center stage. In the second part, the notion of craftknowledge is opened up as much as possible. The third and final part takes upthe question whether craft knowledge is a cultural universal.

  13. Sound knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kauffmann, Lene Teglhus

    of anthropological debates and theories about knowledge. This provides a perspective from which to look critically at ‘evidence’ and identify its multiple meanings and uses in policymaking. The analysis also leads to a refinement of anthropological concepts of knowledge. ‘Evidence’ is purported to be the objective...... and ideologies explicit. Furthermore, in relation to an anthropology of knowledge, sound knowledge also offers a reconsideration of the way anthropologists study knowledge, as it specifies that studying knowledge for anthropologists means studying what people consider as knowledge, in what circumstances......The thesis is about the conceptualisation of knowledge associated with ‘evidence’. In the Danish society, there is a proliferating demand for ‘evidence’, which started as the basis of practices in medicine and has spread into social work, education and most policymaking arenas. The aim...

  14. Accessible Knowledge - Knowledge on Accessibility

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kirkeby, Inge Mette

    2015-01-01

    Although serious efforts are made internationally and nationally, it is a slow process to make our physical environment accessible. In the actual design process, architects play a major role. But what kinds of knowledge, including research-based knowledge, do practicing architects make use of when...... designing accessible environments? The answer to the question is crucially important since it affects how knowledge is distributed and how accessibility can be ensured. In order to get first-hand knowledge about the design process and the sources from which they gain knowledge, 11 qualitative interviews...... were conducted with architects with experience of designing for accessibility. The analysis draws on two theoretical distinctions. The first is research-based knowledge versus knowledge used by architects. The second is context-independent knowledge versus context-dependent knowledge. The practitioners...

  15. Knowledge Technologies

    OpenAIRE

    Milton, Nick

    2008-01-01

    Several technologies are emerging that provide new ways to capture, store, present and use knowledge. This book is the first to provide a comprehensive introduction to five of the most important of these technologies: Knowledge Engineering, Knowledge Based Engineering, Knowledge Webs, Ontologies and Semantic Webs. For each of these, answers are given to a number of key questions (What is it? How does it operate? How is a system developed? What can it be used for? What tools are available? Wha...

  16. Knowledge management

    OpenAIRE

    Nádvorník, Pavel

    2011-01-01

    The main goal of this thesis is to describe implementation of the information system that will support knowledge management using KM-Beat-it methodology in Helpdesk department of the Wincor Nixdorf, Ltd. company. Due to lack of knowledge management principles usage this system will support procedures and processes of knowledge management. Setup and implementation of this system was performed using and combining of two methodologies, methodology for knowledge management implementation KM-Beat-...

  17. Training "Expendable" Workers: Temporary Foreign Workers in Nursing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Taylor, Alison; Foster, Jason; Cambre, Carolina

    2012-01-01

    The purpose of this article is to explore the experiences of Temporary Foreign Workers in health care in Alberta, Canada. In 2007-2008, one of the regional health authorities in the province responded to a shortage of workers by recruiting 510 health-care workers internationally; most were trained as Registered Nurses (RNs) in the Philippines.…

  18. WORKERS FINDING A VOICE

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    The recent cases of U.S. fast-food giants McDonald’s and KFC, accused of underpaying and exploiting part-time workers in their Chinese branches, have put labor relations under the spotlight. With deepening market-oriented economic reforms and an increasi

  19. Radiation protection of workers

    OpenAIRE

    Niu, Shengli

    2011-01-01

    Provides information about the size of the workforce affected by, and the occupational activities associated with, exposure to radiation and the relevant ILO instruments on the protection of workers. Mentions the ILO Convention on Radiation Protection, 1960 (No. 115), and its accompanying Recommendation (No. 114).

  20. Chinese Workers' Real Demand

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Li Zhen

    2010-01-01

    @@ A new generation different from their elders Cheap labor has built Chinas economic miracle.As China's economy has bounced back,wages have followed suit.But,for the new generation of Chinese migrant workers,wages are not enough to meet their needs.

  1. Investigation on knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles among community health care workers in Dongcheng District, Beijing%北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行调查

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王宁; 何民富; 王宝华

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行情况,为全民健康生活方式活动提供建议.方法 随机抽取北京市东城区社区医护人员132名,采用面对面询问方法进行调查.结果 北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式知晓率除全民健康生活日时间(22.5%)和千步活动量定义(10.8%)认知较低外,其余均高于65.0%;对不健康生活方式与高血压、冠心病、糖尿病、肿瘤、高血脂、脑卒中有关的态度认同率均高于65.0%;除锻炼(25.8%)和参与社区居民健康生活行动(57.5%)较低外,其余健康生活方式行为发生率均高于70.0%.40岁以下的社区医护人员对体质指数(BMI)计算方法、“全民健康生活日时间”的知晓率高于40岁及以上人员,而锻炼的行为发生率低于40岁及以上人员.结论 北京市东城区社区医护人员健康生活方式相关知信行水平较高,但对40岁及以上者应加强理论指导和培训,对40岁以下者应加强锻炼教育的宣传力度,促使社区医护人员在全民健康生活方式活动中更好地发挥指导和示范作用.%Objective To understand the level of knowledge, attitude and practice related to healthy life styles among community health care workers, and provide suggestions on conduction of Public Healthy life Styles Movement Methods A total number of 132 community health care workers were selected randomly from Dongcheng District, Beijing. A questionnaire investigation was conducted by face-to-face. Results The awareness of knowledge related to healthy life styles were all over 65.0% , except " Public Health Life Style Day" (22.5% ) and " Thousand-step Activity " (10. 8% ). The proportions of respondents who believed unhealthy life styles were related to hypertension, coronary heart disease, diabetes, cancer, hyperlipemia as well as stroke were all over 65.0%. The proportions of subjects who practiced healthy life styles were all over 70

  2. Knowledge Economy in India: Challenges and Opportunities

    OpenAIRE

    Sonali Bhattacharya

    2010-01-01

    India, along with some of the other middle low income countries like Brazil, Russia, China and the Republic of Korea is competing with high income developed nations like USA and Japan in the knowledge sector. India has to its advantage a big pool of knowledge workers like scientists, engineers, and researchers available at low cost. The pertinent question is whether the flow of knowledge has resulted in inclusive growth. This research paper is a critical analysis of the challenges and opportu...

  3. 广东省某市暗娼人群艾滋病相关知识和危险行为调查%HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and risk behaviors among female sex workers: survey in a city of Guangdong province

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李艳; 梁自勉; 林鹏; 杜琰霞; 付笑冰; 冯育基; 邹小华; 罗玉兰; 黄慧珍

    2011-01-01

    目的:了解广东省某市暗娼人群对艾滋病相关知识的知晓情况和危险行为,探讨安全套使用的影响因素,为制定针对暗娼人群的干预措施提供依据.方法:采用时间空间抽样法招募社区内暗娼305名,采用统一的问卷面对面访谈的方式进行调查,采集血液进行梅毒螺旋体和HIV抗体的检测,采用Logistic回归分析法探索影响安全套使用的危险因素.结果:艾滋病知识的总知晓率为55.4%.最近一次与商业性性伴安全套使用率为89.4%,与固定性伴和临时性伴的安全套使用率低于商业性性伴,未发现HIV抗体阳性者,梅毒感染率为1.0%,经济收入高是与商业性性伴不使用安全套的危险因素,获得艾滋病干预服务是安全套使用的保护因素.结论:广东省某市暗娼安全套使用率较高,HIV和梅毒感染率低,针对暗娼人群的干预服务可有效提高与商业性性伴的安全套使用率.%Objective:To investigate the HIV/AIDS-related knowledge and risk behaviors among female sex workers in a city of Guangdong Province, and to explore the risk factors associated with condom use, so as to provide evidence for population-based intervention programs. Methods; A total of 305 female sex workers were recruited from the communities by using time-location sampling. The survey was conducted with face-to-face interviews and uniformed questionnaires. Blood samples were collected from these subjects for detection of antibodies against syphilis and AIDS. The risk behaviors related to condom use were analyzed with Logistic regression. Results: The overall rate of awareness was 55.4%. Condoms were used by 89.4% of the subjects in their most recent intercourse with commercial sex partners. A lower rate of condom use was found in these subjects when having sex with regular and transient sex partners than with commercial sex partners. None of the subjects tested positive for human immunodeficiency virus antibody. In

  4. 重庆市成年男性工人包皮环切知识干预效果的评价%Evaluation of intervention measures about the knowledge of circumcision among adult male workers in Chongqing

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    文静; 唐晓君; 钟朝晖; 李君; 刘晨煜; 李革; 秦波

    2011-01-01

    目的:筛选出适合重庆地区该人群包皮环切的推广方式,以达到有效降低人类免疫缺陷病毒(Human immunodeficiency virus,HIV)新发感染率,并提高生殖健康.方法:随机抽取4家工厂,分为3个干预组,分别为普通干预组、特殊干预组1、特殊干预组2,3组分别给予3次、2次、1次干预,并在每次干预后1个月内进行干预效果的评价.结果:各种干预方式干预前后包皮环切术知识知晓率均有所提高,干预前后的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);复合干预方式2的知晓率均高于复合干预方式1、复合干预方式3以及单一干预方式1,并且之间的差异具有统计学意义(P<0.05);经趋势卡方检验,普通干预组、特殊干预组1包皮环切知识知晓率的差异均有统计学意义(普通干预组:*9字2趋势=9.362,P<0.05;特殊干预组1:*9字2趋势=22.476,P<0.001);最喜欢的宣传方式是音像材料,最感兴趣的宣传内容是包皮环切与艾滋病预防的关系.结论:普通干预组较其它两干预组最后知晓率的上升幅度高,达20.81%,复合干预方式2为最好的干预方式;包皮环切与艾滋病(Acquired immure deficiency syndrome,AIDS)的相关知识是主要宣传内容;多种强化相结合的宣教方式是有效的干预方式.%To screen the way of promoting the circumcision in Chongqing,to achieve to reduce human immunodeficiency virus(HIV) infections effectively,and to improve the reproductive health. Methods: The subjects collected by randomized control were divided into 3 groups: ordinary intervention group, special intervention group 1, and special intervention group 2. The groups were intervened by 3 times,2 times,and 1 time,respectively,and the results were evaluated within a month after every intervention. Results: The level of circumcision knowledge after every intervention was improved and had statistically significant difference(P<0.05). The awareness rate of composite intervention 2 was

  5. Another Look at Women Workers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goodson, R.

    1986-01-01

    Women now comprise 30 percent of trade union membership worldwide. The International Labour Organisation's Workers' Education Branch is attempting to improve the status of women workers and increase their participation in union activities and labor education. (SK)

  6. The Misfits in Knowledge Work

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Fischer, Louise Harder; Pries-Heje, Lene

    2015-01-01

    2015 call with this work-in-progress paper. We apply the IT Knowledge Artefact (ITKA)-interpretive lens from Cabitza and Locoro (2014) to a case of knowledge workers struggling with appropriation of UC&C for creating and sharing practice knowledge. We evaluate the framework - and discuss the usefulness......The workplace is changing rapidly and knowledge work is conducted increasingly in settings that are global, digital, flat and networked. The epicenter of value-creation are the individuals and their interactions. Unified Communication and Collaboration Technology (UC&C) supports individual...... of the lens in this specific setting. To further improve and enrich, we pose questions, aiming at contributing to the communication of valuable insights informing the design and use of future ITKAs in knowledge work....

  7. Hand exposure in nuclear medicine workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    As a result of the gamma radiation emitted by radioactive elements (e.g. 99mTc and 131I) used in nuclear medicine laboratories for diagnostic and therapeutic purposes, nuclear medicine workers are exposed to whole-body doses. These doses are usually measured by using individual film dosemeters. Lead or lead glass shields used during the handling of radioisotope minimise the whole-body dose received. Nevertheless, part of the job has to be performed manually, hence the hands are more exposed to radiation. This paper presents the results of measuring the equivalent dose to the hands of workers employed in five selected nuclear medicine laboratories where technetium and iodine radioisotopes are in common use. Sixty workers, including physicians, nurses, radiopharmacists and technicians, were included in the study. Doses were measured at 1 month intervals. The study indicated that, in some instances, the danger of radiation dose to the hand may be significant. Monthly doses exceed 50 mSv, which may suggest that an annual dose may be higher than 500 mSv. (author)

  8. Hepatite B: conhecimento e medidas de biossegurança e a saúde do trabalhador de enfermagem Hepatitis B: conocimiento y medidas de bioseguranza y la salud del trabajador de enfermería Hepatitis B: knowledge and measures of biosafety and the health of the nursing worker

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joziane Pinheiro

    2008-06-01

    cómo proceder si hubiera un accidente con material perforocortante; el conocimiento de las medidas de bioseguranza no estuvo presente en todo el equipo, ni todos las usaban de forma rutinera. Conclusión: los resultados indican que algunos profesionales estarían expuestos al risco de contraer hepatitis B caso ocurriese accidente con material perforocortante.The Study has as purpose to describe the knowledge of nursing professionals about the hepatitis B disease; to analyze the biosafety measures about hepatitis B used by the nursing professionals; and to argue the knowledge implications about hepatitis B and the biosafety measures for the health of the nursing worker. The study has as sample 44 workers, represented 100% of the nursing professionals in the medical clinic sector in a military hospital of Rio de Janeiro City. The variables used were: knowledge about hepatitis B and the biosafety measures. Results: the majority of the nursing professionals didn’t know the ways of hepatitis B transmission; a significant number of nursing professionals didn’t had received training about how to proceed in case of accident with perforating material; the knowledge of the biosafety measures weren’t present in the whole staff, neither everybody used it in a routine way. Conclusion: the results indicated that some professionals would be exposed to the risk to acquire hepatitis B in case of accident with perforating material.

  9. Knowledge spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Doignon, Jean-Paul

    1999-01-01

    Knowledge spaces offer a rigorous mathematical foundation for various practical systems of knowledge assessment. An example is offered by the ALEKS system (Assessment and LEarning in Knowledge Spaces), a software for the assessment of mathematical knowledge. From a mathematical standpoint, knowledge spaces generalize partially ordered sets. They are investigated both from a combinatorial and a stochastic viewpoint. The results are applied to real and simulated data. The book gives a systematic presentation of research and extends the results to new situations. It is of interest to mathematically oriented readers in education, computer science and combinatorics at research and graduate levels. The text contains numerous examples and exercises and an extensive bibliography.

  10. Conhecimentos e opiniões dos trabalhadores sobre o uso e abuso de álcool Conocimientos y opiniones de los trabajadores sobre el uso y abuso de alcohol Knowledge and opinions of the workers about the use and abuse of alcohol

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fernanda Ferreira da Fonseca

    2007-12-01

    approach. The study has as objective to analyze the knowledge and opinions of the workers concerning the use and abuse of alcohol, aiming at the elaboration of a program of promotion of the health in the work and prevention of related accidents to the abusive use of this substance. For the collection of data, was made a half-structuralized interview with 15 workers who had searched attendance in a Unit of Health of the Family through the nursing consultation. By these interviews it was concluded that in general the workers have little knowledge about the danger provoked by the abusive alcohol use in the work and that is necessary to invest in programs of prevention of accidents caused by the extreme use of this substance, taking in consideration the large number of cases occurred.

  11. Nuclear worker and ionizing radiation

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Research on medical X-ray exposure sheds light on the health effects expected for workers exposed to ionizing radiation. Factual information confirming this relationship and also demonstrating the need for reviewing permissible exposure levels for workers is given. Suggestions for more sophisticated health monitoring of workers exposed to hazardous technologies are made, and the question of occupational hazards which threaten the worker's family is raised

  12. Knowledge Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    Shariq, Syed Z.; Kutler, Paul (Technical Monitor)

    1997-01-01

    The emergence of rapidly expanding technologies for distribution and dissemination of information and knowledge has brought to focus the opportunities for development of knowledge-based networks, knowledge dissemination and knowledge management technologies and their potential applications for enhancing productivity of knowledge work. The challenging and complex problems of the future can be best addressed by developing the knowledge management as a new discipline based on an integrative synthesis of hard and soft sciences. A knowledge management professional society can provide a framework for catalyzing the development of proposed synthesis as well as serve as a focal point for coordination of professional activities in the strategic areas of education, research and technology development. Preliminary concepts for the development of the knowledge management discipline and the professional society are explored. Within this context of knowledge management discipline and the professional society, potential opportunities for application of information technologies for more effectively delivering or transferring information and knowledge (i.e., resulting from the NASA's Mission to Planet Earth) for the development of policy options in critical areas of national and global importance (i.e., policy decisions in economic and environmental areas) can be explored, particularly for those policy areas where a global collaborative knowledge network is likely to be critical to the acceptance of the policies.

  13. To Develop the Intellectual Capital Model for Assessing Performances of Knowledge Workers in High-tech Enterprises:Using Fuzzy AHP Method%高新技术企业知识型员工智力资本指标体系构建研究——基于模糊层次分析法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    包乾成

    2011-01-01

    With the soaring of intellectual economy, evaluation of a company is not only based on their plant assets, facilities or products, but also in the areas which are created by mind, we called them intellectual capital (IC). This study aims at developing an intellectual capital (IC) evaluation model to facilitate the understanding of knowledge workers' performances in high-tech enterprises. A fuzzy approach is integrated with AHP method to make up the vagueness about the degree of importance of decision-makers on judgment.%以高新技术企业知识型员工所创造的智力资本为研究对象,制定智力资本评估标准和衡量指标体系,应用模糊分层分析法测定模糊综合程度值和凸模糊集的程度比较来构建智力资本指标体系,为企业对其知识型员工的智力资本的确认提供了一套可行有效的方法和模型.

  14. Migrant domestic workers: good workers, poor slaves, new connections

    OpenAIRE

    Anderson, B

    2015-01-01

    In public debates support for migrants' rights has generally taken two approaches: the migrant as “Good Worker” or the migrant as “Poor Slave”. This paper will constructively critique these approaches by considering the case of a U.K. campaign demanding a specific visa for migrant domestic workers and how they drew on the Good Worker/Poor Slave. It describes the campaign's initial focus on domestic workers as workers and how this required demanding special rights as migrant workers on the bas...

  15. Workers' marginal costs of commuting

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    van Ommeren, Jos; Fosgerau, Mogens

    2009-01-01

    This paper applies a dynamic search model to estimate workers' marginal costs of commuting, including monetary and time costs. Using data on workers' job search activity as well as moving behaviour, for the Netherlands, we provide evidence that, on average, workers' marginal costs of one hour...

  16. 论信息工作者的信息素养%On the Information Literacy of Information Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵定垚

    2000-01-01

    Requirements for information workers are discussed from their background knowledge, curiosity and the art of information selection and utilization. Background knowledge is the guarantee for information workers' skills and also the base of information collection and analysis. Curiosity is the starting point of the training of information workers, its role in information collection is discussed. Finally, the art of information selection and utilization are analyzed in detail.

  17. Knowledge Management

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ravi Kiran

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available The present study covers the knowledge management (KM in institutions of higher technical education (IHTEs from the perspective of thought leaders and junior academia to identify whether there is a difference of opinion regarding KM strategies, including knowledge technologies, knowledge acquisition, knowledge storage, knowledge dissemination, and KM-based framework for research and curriculum development (CD. Data have been collected through structured questionnaire from 141 respondents covering 30 higher educational institutions in India, including national- and state-level institutions—Designations of the targeted respondents in the IHTEs have been categorized into (a senior academia, that is, professors, heads, and associate professors occupying senior management positions, considered to be the institute overseers and thought leaders of KM and (b junior academia consisting of assistant professors and lecturers who are using and also contributing to the KM system. ANOVA has been used to see whether there is a significant difference of opinion among the two groups of knowledge users. The results of the study highlight a significant difference among the two groups regarding knowledge technologies, knowledge acquisition, knowledge storage, and knowledge dissemination. But, there is a consensus regarding KM-based framework for research and CD.

  18. Instrumentation for the individual dosimetry of workers

    CERN Document Server

    Thévenin, J C

    2003-01-01

    The control of the radiation dose exposure of workers and personnel exposed to ionizing radiations (nuclear industry, nuclear medicine, army, university laboratories etc..) is ensured by individual dosemeters. This dosimetry is mandatory for all workers susceptible to be exposed to more than 30% of the regulatory dose limit. dosemeters are worn on the chest and in some particular cases, on the finger (dosemeter rings) or on the wrist. Passive dosemeters allow to measure the dose a posteriori, while electronic dosemeters allow a direct reading and recording of the dose. This article presents successively: 1 - the general principles of individual dosimetry: situations of exposure, radiation detection, operational data, standardization, calibration and quality assurance, measurement uncertainties; 2 - goals and regulatory framework of individual dosimetry: regulation and recommendations, optimization, respect of dose limits, accidental situations; 3 - passive dosemeters: film, thermoluminescent, radio-photolumin...

  19. Educational Advantage - E-learning helps companies capture the knowledge of retiring employees and gain competitive edge

    CERN Multimedia

    Tischelle, G

    2003-01-01

    NASA has discovered that 60% of aerospace workers will reach retirement age over the next few years so needed to find a way to capture knowledge from exiting workers and make it available to remaining and future staff (1 page).

  20. Stated residential preferences of higher educated workers in Amsterdam and Eindhoven

    OpenAIRE

    Boterman, W.R.; Sleutjes, B.

    2014-01-01

    This report contains the end results of the second work package of the Higher Educated Location Preferences (HELP) project, which is part of NWO's Urban Regions in the Delta programme. The HELP project investigates the stated and the revealed residential preferences of highly educated workers, or knowledge workers. Central is understanding the conditions in urban regions that play a role in attracting and retaining higher educated workers.

  1. Governing Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Nicolai J Foss; Dana B Minbaeva

    2009-01-01

    SHRM increasingly emphasizes HRM practices as means to build strategic knowledge resources such as superior capabilities. While the knowledge-based view increasingly pays attention to micro-foundations, the SHRM field neglects these and emphasizes collective constructs such as “human capital pools,” “HRM architectures”, etc. As a result, causal links between HRM practices, knowledge and organizational performance are black-boxed. We propose a program for research and identify s...

  2. KNOWLEDGE CYCLE AND STRATEGIC KNOWLEDGE WITHIN COMPANY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ovidiu NICOLESCU

    2007-01-01

    Full Text Available In the knowledge-based economy, a company performs a set of activities focused on knowledge: identifying necessary knowledge, buying knowledge, learning, acquiring knowledge, creating knowledge, storing knowledge, sharing knowledge, using knowledge, protection of knowledge, capitalizing knowledge. As a result, a new function emerge: the knowledge function. In the knowledge-based companies, not every knowledge has the same impact. The analysis of the actual situations in the most developed and highly performing companies - based in knowledge, outlines the occurrence of a new category of knowledge – strategic knowledge. Generating this category of knowledge is a new category of challenge for the scientific system.

  3. Doses to worker groups in the nuclear industry

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This article presents some of the results of a study carried out at the Brookhaven National Laboratory's ALARA Center on doses to various worker groups in the U.S. nuclear industry. In this study, data from workers in the industry were divided into male and female groups; the average radiation dose of these tow groups and the correlation of dose with age are presented. The male and female workers were further considered in the various sectors of the industry, and correlations of dose with age for each sector were investigated. For male workers, a downward correlation with age was observed, while for women there appeared to be a slight upward correlation. Data form 13 PWR and 9 BWR plants shows that a small, but important, group of workers would be affected by the NCRP proposed constraint of workers' lifetime dose in rem being maintained less than their ages. Various techniques proposed by the plants to reduce dose to this critical group of workers are also presented

  4. VOCATIONAL EDUCATION, WORK AND KNOWLEDGE PRODUCTION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Naira Lisboa Franzoi

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available The paper presents the case study about a reasearch developed in a vocational education school, by two students. They are workers from a region of tobacco industry in the interior of Rio Grande do Sul/Brazil. The focus is on how the dialogue between the school knowledge, and the students’ experiencial knowledge took place. It is a theoretical essay of seeing an use of Three Poles Dynamic Device - methodological tool proposed by Ergology. The concepts of human activity, work, knowledge and Three Poles Dynamic Device (DD3P are the theoretical framework of the study. Our objetctiv is to give visibility to a successful experience in a public school whose audience are young and adult workers , and exploring the possibilities of using a theoretical and methodological tool that aims to promote dialogue between academic knowledge and knowledge engaged in work activity. Thus, we believe we are contributing to the teaching practice and the theoretical - methodological field , still under construction.

  5. Knowledge Economy

    OpenAIRE

    Kerr, Aphra; O'Riain, Sean

    2009-01-01

    We examine a number of key questions regarding this knowledge economy. First, we look at the origin of the concept as well as early attempts to define and map the knowledge economy empirically. Second, we examine a variety of perspectives on the socio-spatial organisation of the knowledge economy and approaches which link techno-economic change and social-spatial organisation. Building on a critique of these perspectives, we then go on to develop a view of a knowledge economy that is conteste...

  6. A training intervention on child feeding among primary healthcare workers in Ibadan Municipality

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Folake O. Samuel

    2016-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: Health workers at the primary level are well positioned to provide health information and counselling on child feeding to mothers on antenatal visits. The study was designed to evaluate the effect of training on the knowledge, attitudes and provision of infant and young child feeding (IYCF information and counselling among primary healthcare (PHC workers. Methods: A two-stage cluster sample was used to select health workers for training on IYCF in Ibadan, Nigeria. Baseline, immediate and 4-week post-training surveys were conducted to assess knowledge, attitudes and practices of health workers regarding IYCF. Paired t-tests were used to measure differences (p < 0.05 before and after the training. Results: A total of 124 health workers were trained on current global IYCF recommendations. Participants included community health extension workers (59.7%, nurses (27.4%, community health officers (11.3%, and pharmacy technicians (1.6%. Mean age was 41.8 ± 8.2 years and 95.2% were women. Knowledge of health workers regarding IYCF, particularly complementary feeding, was low at baseline but improved significantly following the training intervention. Attitudes and practices regarding provision of IYCF were suboptimal among health workers at the PHC facilities, but this improved with training. Conclusion: Health workers at the PHC level need regular retraining exercises to ensure effective counselling on IYCF.

  7. Hiring By Knowledge-intensive Firms in China

    OpenAIRE

    Roome, Edward Steven

    2012-01-01

    Knowledge-intensive firms (KIFs) depend on their workers’ knowledge assets more than capital- and labour-intensive firms. Knowledge assets, such as human and social capital, enable KIFs to innovate, solve problems, and build relationships. But managing a highly skilled and well-connected workforce presents several HRM challenges – perhaps none more so than hiring. In tight labour markets, workers’ knowledge assets are strategically valuable and rare. To attract knowledge workers, KIFs must si...

  8. Knowledge Management of E-Government in Jordan

    OpenAIRE

    Tamara Almarabeh

    2011-01-01

    nowadays, knowledge management is considered an essential part of any organization to prepare and develop its vision for the future. Knowledge management allows better utilization of the organization expertise, resources, and bright ideas. The science of knowledge management started when the technology revolution reached every organization. The ease and availability of information, major advancements in communication technologies, the emergence of knowledge worker, and the knowledge economy a...

  9. Project-Based Learning and the Limits of Corporate Knowledge.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rhodes, Carl; Garrick, John

    2003-01-01

    Analysis of management discourses, especially project-based learning and knowledge management, indicates that such terms as human capital, working knowledge, and knowledge assets construe managerial workers as cogito-economic subjects. Although workplace learning should develop economically related capabilities, such discourses imply that these…

  10. Knowledge management and innovation : An empirical study of Dutch SMEs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Uhlaner, L.M.; Tan, S.; Zhou, H.

    2007-01-01

    Western economies are increasingly viewed as knowledge-driven (Audretch and Thurik, 2001, 2004). Knowledge plays a crucial role in determining firm innovation capability and in enhancing working life quality of knowledge workers (Corso, Martini, Pelligrini, and Paolucci, 2001). Previous studies show

  11. 78 FR 52981 - Investigations Regarding Eligibility to Apply for Worker Adjustment Assistance

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-08-27

    ...-- Tulsa, OK 08/02/13 08/01/13 Wholesale Customer Application Support Team (Workers). 82953 Abbott Laboratories, Santa Clara, CA........ 08/02/13 08/01/13 including on-site leased workers from ATR Int'l...

  12. Alumni networks-an untapped potential to gain and retain highly-skilled workers?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    David, Alexandra; Coenen, Frans

    2014-01-01

    In times of increasing skills shortage, regions and particularly non-core regions, need to attract highly-skilled workers. It is better for these regions to (re)-attract highly-skilled workers that gained knowledge and contacts elsewhere and because they once lived in the region for study have alrea

  13. EVALUATION OF SHORT TERM TRAINING IN MENTAL HEALTH FOR MULTIPURPOSE WORKERS

    OpenAIRE

    Nagarajaiah,; Reddamma, K.; Chandrashekar, C. R.; Isaac, Mohan K.; Srinivasamurthy, R.

    1994-01-01

    Training of multipurpose workers in mental health is an essential component in the implementation of the National Mental Health Program. This study examines the efficacy of a six day training program and the changes in knowledge, management skills and attitudes of multipurpose workers with regard to mental disorders.

  14. Rethinking Laboratory Notebooks

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Klokmose, Clemens Nylandsted; Zander, Pär-Ola

    2010-01-01

    We take digitalization of laboratory work practice as a challenging design domain to explore. There are obvious drawbacks with the use of paper instead of ICT in the collaborative writing that takes place in laboratory notebooks; yet paper persist in being the most common solution. The ultimate aim...... with our study is to produce design relevant knowledge that can envisage an ICT solution that keeps as many advantages of paper as possible, but with the strength of electronic laboratory notebooks as well. Rather than assuming that users are technophobic and unable to appropriate state of the art...

  15. Knowledge Gaps

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Lyles, Marjorie; Pedersen, Torben; Petersen, Bent

    2003-01-01

    , assimilating, and utilizing knowledge - are crucial determinants ofknowledge gap elimination. In contrast, the two factors deemed essential in traditionalinternationalization process theory - elapsed time of operations and experientiallearning - are found to have no or limited effect.Key words......: Internationalization, knowledge gap, absorptive capacity, learning box....

  16. Knowledge brokering

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Bergenholtz, Carsten

    2011-01-01

    Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to examine how the spanning of inter-organizational weak ties and technological boundaries influences knowledge brokering. Design/methodology/approach – The paper is based on original fieldwork and employs a case study research design, investigating a Danish...... HTSF’s inter-organizational activities. Findings – The findings show how an inter-organizational search that crosses technological boundaries and is based on a network structure of weak ties can imply a reduced risk of unwanted knowledge spill-over. Research limitations/implications – By not engaging...... in strong tie collaborations a knowledge brokering organization can reduce the risk of unwanted knowledge spill-over. The risks and opportunities of knowledge spill-over furthermore rely on the nature of the technology involved and to what extent technological boundaries are crossed. Practical implications...

  17. Knowledge transfer - Acquiring implicit knowledge

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Many organisations have recognised the problem of experts taking home a huge amount of specific knowledge, which they have gathered in their department, when they leave. The successor is capable only of acquiring explicit expertise because implicit experiences are not documented and therefore no more available. That is why we have started this pilot study in order to try to conserve the above mentioned tacit and implicit knowledge and to make it available to other colleagues. Using a semi-standardised interview we elicit tacit knowledge from the expert and summarise it in a report. This interview-guideline forms the basis of in-depth investigation for implicit knowledge. (author)

  18. Intervention Effect of AIDS Related Knowledge and Behavior among Female Sex Workers in Reeducation Center of Public Security Bureau in Shanghai City%上海市公安局收容教育所暗娼艾滋病知识行为干预效果

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王娜; 朱宏亮; 杨兴堂; 刘效峰; 林娜; 徐菊英

    2011-01-01

    目的:探讨上海市公安局收容教育所暗娼性病/艾滋病(STD/AIDS)相关知识的知晓情况,通过出入所知晓率的比较,对收教所内宣教、干预效果进行初步评估.方法:按照国家统一制定的国家级暗娼综合点调查表,同时结合上海市宝山区健康教育性病相关知识条目开展调查:收集人口学资料、STD/AIDS相关知识条目等信息.在2008、2009年新入所学员中随机抽取196名开展出入所自身对照调查.结果:196名接受出入所调查的暗娼中,已婚者85人,占43.4%;未婚者78人,占39.8%;同居者1人,占0.5%;离异丧偶者32人,占16.3%.20岁以下18人,占9.2%;20-29岁89人,占45.4%;30-39岁70人,占35.7%;40岁以上19人,占9.7%.入所时暗娼艾滋病知识知晓率为76.2%,出所时知晓率为98.2%,经卡方检验,差异有统计学意义(P<0.01).结论:入所时暗娼人群中艾滋病知识知晓率偏低,但通过在收教所内的多次干预,该人群中艾滋病防治知识知晓率有了明显提高,提示健康宣教在艾滋病性病防治工作中的重要性.%[ Objective ] To investigate the awareness of knowledge related to STD / AIDS among female sex workers ( FSWs ) in reeducation center of public security bureau of Shanghai City, and preliminary evaluate the intervention effects in reeducation center through comparison of the awareness rate of FSWs into center and out center. [ Methods ] The investigation was based on the FSW questionnaire designed by national unity combined with the items of STD related knowledge in Baoshan District. The demographic data, STD / AIDS related knowledge and behavior and other information were collected. A total of 196 new students were selected randomly for set self-control study during 2008 to 2009. [ Results] Of 196 respondents, 85 ( 43.4% ) were married, 78 ( 39.8% ) were unmarried, 1 (0.5%) was cohabitant, 32 (16.3%) were divorced or widowed. FSWs below age of 20 accounted for 9.2%, 20 ~29-year

  19. Associations between biopsychosocial factors and chronic upper limb pain among slaughterhouse workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sundstrup, Emil; Jakobsen, Markus D; Brandt, Mikkel;

    2016-01-01

    BACKGROUND: Knowledge of factors associated with chronic pain is necessary for preventive strategies. The present study investigates biopsychosocial differences, with specific focus on rate of force development (RFD) and work ability, between workers with and without chronic upper limb pain...

  20. A theoretical foundation for building Knowledge-work Support Systems

    CERN Document Server

    Laha, Arijit

    2009-01-01

    In this paper we propose a novel approach aimed at building a new class of information system platforms which we call the "Knowledge-work Support Systems" or KwSS. KwSS can play a significant role in enhancing the IS support for knowledge management processes, including those customarily identified as less amenable to IS support. In our approach we try to enhance basic functionalities provided by the computer-based information systems, namely, that of improving the efficiency of the knowledge workers in accessing, processing and creating useful information. The improvement, along with proper focus on cultural, social and other aspects of the knowledge management processes, can enhance the workers' efficiency significantly in performing high quality knowledge works. In order to build the proposed approach, we develop several new concepts. The approach analyzes the information availability and usage from the knowledge workers and their works' perspectives and consequently brings forth more transparency in vario...

  1. Job Grading Standard for Insects Production Worker WG-5031.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Civil Service Commission, Washington, DC. Bureau of Policies and Standards.

    The standard is for grading nonsupervisory jobs involved in reproducing, collecting, and caring for insect collections. The work requires practical knowledge of the characteristics of insects and their needs, and skill in observing and handling them. The levels of insects production worker WG-3, WG-4, and WG-5 are differentiated by describing the…

  2. Influence of Outplacement on the Protection of Workers Competencies

    OpenAIRE

    Andrzej, Klimczuk; Magdalena, Klimczuk-Kochańska

    2013-01-01

    This paper presents the problem of workers lay off and loss along with their exit from the organization its key competencies - skills and knowledge. Importance of management of key competencies was described. The paper also presents outplacement as a way to maintain core competencies even during reducing the human resources within the enterprises. Andrzej Klimczuk

  3. Management system of knowledge workers in the contemporary enterprise

    OpenAIRE

    Michal Igielski

    2015-01-01

    Changes in the 21st century are happening more quickly, unexpectedly, not always in the way desired for the smooth functioning enterprises are turning up. It is domain of the globalization, where new events - chances or threats, cause challenges of the market, before which at present permanently all enterprises are being put. More and more he depends on immaterial resources of the enterprise which they constitute about his strategic potential. Companies form and are developing abilities, is e...

  4. Preventing the loss of knowledge in nuclear power plants

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Preventing the loss of nuclear knowledge has become an important concern for the atomic energy industry. A great number of nuclear workers are getting close to the retirement age and there are not enough young qualified people to replace them. It is necessary to identify the key skills to replace senior engineers, managers and experienced workers. This paper proposes a matrix for capturing the strategic nuclear knowledge obtained from plants operation in the past decades. (author)

  5. IMPULSES FOR THE POLICY OF EDUCATION TOWARDS THE KNOWLEDGE SOCIETY

    OpenAIRE

    Antalová Mária; Chinoracká Andrea

    2014-01-01

    Shaping the knowledge society has become a priority for all the educational policies in member countries of the European Union. Within it, it is a specific quality of life based on people's ability to create value intangible nature, which may take the form of ideas, inventions or solutions of socio-economic character. A knowledge worker becomes the core workforce of the company. This worker works in a team, cooperates with individual members as well as with the group, develops ideas and activ...

  6. Integrating The Non-Electrical Worker Into The Electrical Safety Program

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Mills, T. David; McAlhaney, John H.

    2012-08-17

    The intent of this paper is to demonstrate an electrical safety program that incorporates all workers into the program, not just the electrical workers. It is largely in response to a paper presented at the 2012 ESW by Lanny Floyd entitled "Facilitating Application of Electrical Safety Best Practices to "Other" Workers" which requested all attendees to review their electrical safety program to assure that non-electrical workers were protected as well as electrical workers. The referenced paper indicated that roughly 50% of electrical incidents involve workers whose primary function is not electrical in nature. It also encouraged all to "address electrical safety for all workers and not just workers whose job responsibilities involve working on or near energized electrical circuits." In this paper, a program which includes specific briefings to non-electrical workers as well as to workers who may need to perform their normal activities in proximity to energized electrical conductors is presented. The program uses a targeted approach to specific areas such as welding, excavating, rigging, chart reading, switching, cord and plug equipment and several other general areas to point out hazards that may exist and how to avoid them. NFPA 70E-2004 was incorporated into the program several years ago and with it the need to include the "other" workers became apparent. The site experience over the years supports the assertion that about half of the electrical incidents involve non-electrical workers and this prompted us to develop specific briefings to enhance the knowledge of the non-electrical worker regarding safe electrical practices. The promotion of "May is Electrical Safety Month" and the development of informative presentations which are delivered to the general site population as well as electrical workers have greatly improved the hazards awareness status of the general worker on site.

  7. Knowledge Blogging

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Agerdal-Hjermind, Annette

    The rise of social media and web 2.0 technologies over the last few years has impacted many communication functions. One influence is organizational bloggers as knowledge mediators on government agency practices. The ways in which these organizational bloggers in their roles as experts are able...... to change, facilitate, and enable communication about a broad range of specialized knowledge areas, in a more open interactional institutional communication environment than traditional media typically offer, give rise to a set of new implications as regards the mediation of expert knowledge to the target...

  8. 面子作用于知识型员工任务冲突选择的内在机理--基于期望理论的实证研究%Impact of Face on Knowledge Workers'Task Conflict Handling Choices---An Empirical Research Based on the Expectancy Theory

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    赵卓嘉

    2013-01-01

      In this study, we propose that the functioning of face can be essentially generalized as some kind of behavioral incentives.Namely, individual conflict handling behaviors in nature are active choices rather than passive responses to various face-threats embedded in conflict situations .Based on the Expectancy Theory , we put forward a theoretical model depicting the functioning mechanism of face on conflict handling choices , and test it by administrating a survey to 402 knowledge workers who are confronted with a designed task conflict situation .As a result, the direct impacts of face valence and face expectancy , as well as the mediating role of face expectancy , are respectively verified.%  个体的冲突处理行为并非只是针对环境威胁的被动响应,它更是一种主动选择,面子在其中发挥的作用实质上可归结为一种行为激励。文章以知识型员工为研究对象,基于期望理论,针对面子作用于知识型员工的任务冲突处理选择的内在机理进行了实证研究,分别揭示了面子的效价、与面子相关的结果期望各自的直接作用及面子期望的中介作用。

  9. Workers Who Stay at Work Despite Chronic Nonspecific Musculoskeletal Pain : Do They Differ from Workers with Sick Leave?

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    de Vries, H.J.; Reneman, M.F.; Groothoff, J.W.; Geertzen, J.H.B.; Brouwer, S.

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Most workers with chronic nonspecific musculoskeletal pain (CMP) do not take sick leave, nor consult a health care professional or search vocational rehabilitation. Yet, the knowledge of many researchers, clinicians and policy makers is largely based on people with CMP who discontinue work.

  10. Radiological worker training

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    NONE

    1998-10-01

    This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in Implementation Guide G441.12, Radiation Safety Training, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RCS). The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals within the Department of Energy, Managing and Operating contractors, and Managing and Integrating contractors identified as having responsibility for implementing core training recommended by the RCS. This training is intended for radiological workers to assist in meeting their job-specific training requirements of 10 CFR 835. While this Handbook addresses many requirements of 10 CFR 835 Subpart J, it must be supplemented with facility-specific information to achieve full compliance.

  11. Immigrants and Native Workers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Foged, Mette; Peri, Giovanni

    -EU immigrants in Denmark, beginning in 1995 and driven by a sequence of international events such as the Bosnian, Somalian and Iraqi crises. We then look at the response of occupational complexity, job upgrading and downgrading, wage and employment of natives in the short and long run. We find...... that the increased supply of non-EU low skilled immigrants pushed native workers to pursue more complex occupations. This reallocation happened mainly through movement across firms. Immigration increased mobility of natives across firms and across municipalities but it did not increase their probability...

  12. Radiological worker training

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    This Handbook describes an implementation process for core training as recommended in Implementation Guide G441.12, Radiation Safety Training, and as outlined in the DOE Radiological Control Standard (RCS). The Handbook is meant to assist those individuals within the Department of Energy, Managing and Operating contractors, and Managing and Integrating contractors identified as having responsibility for implementing core training recommended by the RCS. This training is intended for radiological workers to assist in meeting their job-specific training requirements of 10 CFR 835. While this Handbook addresses many requirements of 10 CFR 835 Subpart J, it must be supplemented with facility-specific information to achieve full compliance

  13. Statistical Analysis of the Worker Engagement Survey Administered at the Worker Safety and Security Team Festival

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Davis, Adam Christopher [Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)

    2015-08-25

    The Worker Safety and Security Team (WSST) at Los Alamos National Laboratory holds an annual festival, WSST-fest, to engage workers and inform them about safety- and securityrelated matters. As part of the 2015 WSST-fest, workers were given the opportunity to participate in a survey assessing their engagement in their organizations and work environments. A total of 789 workers participated in the 23-question survey where they were also invited, optionally, to identify themselves, their organization, and to give open-ended feedback. The survey consisted of 23 positive statements (i.e. “My organization is a good place to work.”) with which the respondent could express a level of agreement. The text of these statements are provided in Table 1. The level of agreement corresponds to a 5-level Likert scale ranging from “Strongly Disagree” to “Strongly Agree.” In addition to assessing the overall positivity or negativity of the scores, the results were partitioned into several cohorts based on the response meta-data (self-identification, comments, etc.) to explore trends. Survey respondents were presented with the options to identify themselves, their organizations and to provide comments. These options suggested the following questions about the data set.

  14. 徐汇区建筑工人性病艾滋病及安全套使用知信行状况分析%Survey on Knowledge,Attitude and Practice about STD/AIDS and Condom Using among Construction Workers in Xuhui District,Shanghai

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    高知义; 杨美霞; 黄文鸳; 蔡晓峰; 李申生; 任金马; Liviana Calzavara

    2011-01-01

    [ Objective ] To study the knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP) about sex transmitted diseases and AIDS(STD/AIDS) and condom using among construction workers in Xuhui District, and to provide basic data and instructions for developing health education. [ Methods ] By cluster sampling, 620 construction workers employed by six construction sites in Xuhui district were investigated. Questionnaire included "the knowledge, attitude of STD/AIDS" , "understanding and using of condoms" and other aspects. [ Results ] In the STDs/AIDS knowledge, attitude and behavior, such as "sexually transmitted diseases are preventable" , "sex with AIDS patients without using condom can spread HIV" , "HIV-infected pregnant women can transmit the virus to the fetus" and "HIV carriers may look healthy" , the correct answer rate was 79.9%-96.76%. While most people had misconceptions about several issues on the routes of infection, such as shaking hands with AIDS patients, sharing towels, toilet, kissing, coughing, insect bites, etc. And the correct answer rate was only 4.6%-35.9%. The condom using rate was 24.7% or 22.7% when sex was made with their spouses or lovers, however, 61.1% of them chose to use condoms in commercial sex. [ Conclusion ] The findings suggest there is an urgent need towards the construction workers for HIV/STD prevention programs that includes the protection, clarification of transmission routes and the chance to be infected with STD. The new immigrants should become the focus of attention.%[目的]了解建筑工地工人性病艾滋病(STDs/AIDS)及安全套的知识、态度及行为,为开展健康教育提供指导依据.[方法]采取整群随机抽样的方法,对上海市徐汇区6个建筑工地的620名建筑工人进行问卷调查,主要包括性病艾滋病的知识、态度和安全套的认识及使用等内容.[结果]在性病艾滋病知识、态度及行为方面,有关"性病是可预防的"、"与艾滋病病人不用安全套的性

  15. The Research on the Cyclical Path of the Realization of Talent Capital Property Rights of Knowledge Workers---Based on the Perspective of Self Perception%知识型员工人才资本产权实现的循环路径研究--基于自我感知视角

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张体勤; 李红霞

    2015-01-01

    人才资本产权实现是一个动态的过程,本文从知识型员工相关特性出发,阐明自我感知这一新视角下人才市场配置和企业配置是人才资本产权实现的有效路径,将知识型员工在人才市场内实现的产权分为流动自由度感知和择业自主度感知,在企业内人才资本产权实现分为控制权感知和收益权感知,二者共同构成人才资本产权实现的完整性,通过进一步对产权实现各路径的梳理,厘清其相互关系,构建出人才资本产权实现的循环模型,发掘出企业员工激励对人才资本产权实现的作用机制。%The realization of talent capital property rights is a dynamic process.This article embarks from the features of knowledge workers and elucidates that talent market allocation and enterprises allocation are effective path of the realization of talent capital proper-ty rights under the new angle of self perception.The knowledge works’realization of talent capital property rights in talent market in-cludes the reasonable flow perception and the choosing profession autonomy perception,and the realization of talent capital property rights in enterprises is divided into profit perception and control perception.Both of them constitute the integrity of the realization of tal-ent capital property rights.This paper then clarifies the path correlation by making a distinction between the different paths,constructs the model of the cyclical path and explores the mechanism of enterprise employee's incentive to the realization of talent capital property rights.

  16. Etiological explanation, treatability and preventability of childhood autism: a survey of Nigerian healthcare workers' opinion

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Okonkwo Kevin O

    2009-02-01

    Full Text Available Abstract Background Because of their peculiar sociocultural background, healthcare workers in sub-Saharan African subcultures may have various conceptions on different aspects of autism spectrum disorders (ASD, such as etiology, treatment and issues of prognosis. These various conceptions, if different from current knowledge in literature about ASD, may negatively influence help-seeking behavior of parents of children with ASD who seek advice and information from the healthcare workers. This study assessed the opinions of healthcare workers in Nigeria on aspects of etiology, treatability and preventability of childhood autism, and relates their opinions to the sociodemographic variables. Methods Healthcare workers working in four tertiary healthcare facilities located in the south-east and south-south regions of Nigeria were interviewed with a sociodemographic questionnaire, personal opinion on etiology, treatability and preventability of childhood autism (POETPCA questionnaire and knowledge about childhood autism among health workers (KCAHW questionnaire to assess their knowledge and opinions on various aspects of childhood autism. Results A total of 134 healthcare workers participated in the study. In all, 78 (58.2%, 19 (14.2% and 36 (26.9% of the healthcare workers were of the opinion that the etiology of childhood autism can be explained by natural, preternatural and supernatural causes, respectively. One (0.7% of the healthcare workers was unsure of the explanation of the etiology. Knowledge about childhood autism as measured by scores on the KCAHW questionnaire was the only factor significantly associated with the opinions of the healthcare workers on etiology of childhood autism. In all, 73 (54.5% and 43 (32.1%, of the healthcare workers subscribed to the opinion that childhood autism is treatable and preventable respectively. Previous involvement with managing children with ASD significantly influenced the opinion of the healthcare

  17. Knowledge Test

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Sørensen, Ole Henning

    1998-01-01

    The knowledge test is about competing temporal and spatial expressions of the politics of technological development and national prosperity in contemporary society. The discussion is based on literature of national systems of innovation and industrial networks of various sorts. Similarities...

  18. Placing knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Adriansen, Hanne Kirstine; Valentin, Karen; Nielsen, Gritt B.

    Internationalisation of higher education is premised by a seeming paradox: On the one hand, academic knowledge strives to be universal in the sense that it claims to produce generalizable, valid and reliable knowledge that can be used, critiqued, and redeveloped by academics from all over the world......; on the other hand, the rationale for strengthening mobility through internationalisation is based on an imagination of the potentials of particular locations (academic institutions). Intrigued by this tension between universality and particularity in academic knowledge production, this paper presents...... preliminary findings from a project that study internationalisation of higher education as an agent in the interrelated processes of place-making and knowledge-making. The project is based on three case-studies. In this paper, focus is on PhD students’ change of research environment. This is used as a case...

  19. China's Migrant Workers' Social Security

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Zhang Sifeng; Zhang Wenxue; Wang Lijian; Zhang Li

    2010-01-01

    Based on the definition of migrant workers and migrant workers'social security,systems,policies and regulations and status quo of specific safeguard project of social security have been analyzed.Authors draw following conclusions: China's social security systems of migrant workers show diversification and differentiation trend; national-level policies take on diversification and local-level regulations take on differentiation; social welfare and social assistance have deficiency; coverage rate of social insurance items is extremely low.

  20. Knowledge Fascism

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hendricks, Vincent Fella

    2013-01-01

    Knowledge is not democratic, it is a regime. That is the clear message from Professor Vincent Hendricks. But do not be discouraged, through hard work and diligence everyone can achieve enlightenment and insight......Knowledge is not democratic, it is a regime. That is the clear message from Professor Vincent Hendricks. But do not be discouraged, through hard work and diligence everyone can achieve enlightenment and insight...

  1. Knowledge Management

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Hald Nielsen, Bo; Nicolajsen, Katrine

    For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model.......For Økonomistyrelsen opstilles en teoretisk model over forudsætningerne for, at mmah er kan anvende knowledge management. Praksis vurderes dernæst i forhold til denne model....

  2. Conventionalized knowledge

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Buus, Niels

    2006-01-01

    Mental health nurses routinely hand over clinical knowledge at intershift reports. In the present study, field descriptions from prolonged fieldwork and transcripts of audio recordings of handovers were analysed discursively drawing on ethnomethodology and conversation analysis. The analysis iden...... exact clinical situations. Handing over caused a silencing of the least powerful nurses' voices, generated uncertainty, and promoted knowledge about the patients' clinical situation that was not necessarily precise or up-to-date....

  3. Engineering Knowledge

    OpenAIRE

    Nathan Rosenberg; W. Edward Steinmuller

    2012-01-01

    In historical perspective, both the nature of and arrangements for the generation of engineering knowledge have evolved over the past 150 years. We examine the historical development of the search for ‘useful knowledge’ in agriculture, aeronautics and chemical engineering during the first half of this period and the evolving balance between public and private initiative in supporting this search. During this period, the US was engaged in the engineering knowledge was often empirical, practice...

  4. Ethical issues in worker productivity.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Forst, Linda; Levenstein, Charles

    2002-01-01

    Occupational health has always operated at the intersection of corporate economic concerns and worker health. Conflicting demands on the loyalty of occupational health professionals by the interests of labor and industry have made negotiating this minefield an essential part of the practice of occupational medicine. In recent years, occupational health professionals have found themselves increasingly required to rationalize worker health measures with economic arguments. This has led to physician engagement in the realm of defining and measuring worker productivity. Ethical guidelines that hold worker health as a top priority are critical in preserving the responsibility of occupational physicians to their patients.

  5. Worker Inflow, Outflow, and Churning

    OpenAIRE

    Ilmakunnas, Pekka; Maliranta, Mika

    2003-01-01

    Linked employer-employee data from the Finnish business sector is used in an analysis of worker turnover. The data is an unbalanced panel with over 219 000 observations in the years 1991-97. The churning (excess worker turnover), worker inflow (hiring), and worker outflow (separation) rates are explained by various plant and employee characteristics in type 2 Tobit models where the explanatory variables can have a different effect on the probability of the flow rates to be non-zero and on the...

  6. 2009-2011年北京市西城区暗娼艾滋病知识行为调查分析%Investigation and analysis on AIDS-related knowledge and behaviors among female sex workers in Xicheng district of Beijing from 2009-2011

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李敏; 李民; 于建平; 闵婕; 张向军; 韩强

    2012-01-01

    目的 了解2009-2011年北京市西城区暗娼(FSW)人群艾滋病知识认知水平、行为特征和人类免疫缺陷病毒(HIV)、梅毒感染率,为开展有针对性的行为干预和宣教工作提供依据.方法 使用问卷每年对200人进行艾滋病防治相关知识与行为调查;采集静脉血标本,检测HIV、梅毒螺旋体抗体.结果 2009-2011年,FSW的艾滋病知识知晓率分别为77.5%、81.0%和99.0%,差异有统计学意义(X2=43.78,P<0.01).最近1次商业性行为时安全套使用率分别为56.5%、46.0%和93.0% (P <0.01).梅毒检出率分别为1.5%、1.0%和1.0%,HIV抗体阳性检出率分别为0.5%、0、0.结论 2009-2011年,北京市西城区FSW人群艾滋病知识知晓率逐年上升.2011年最近1次商业性行为时安全套使用率较2009和2010年明显上升,但安全套坚持使用率仍较低,应继续加强安全套推广工作,继续做好对该人群艾滋病性病的宣传教育及干预工作.%[Objective]To understand the status of AIDS-related knowledge and behavior characteristics, as well as the infection rate of HIV and syphilis among female sex workers ( FSWs) in Xicheng district of Beijing from 2009-2011, provide the basis for implementing behavioral intervention and health education. [ Methods]An investigation about AIDS-related knowledge and behaviors was conducted in 200 FSWs with questionnaires every year. The venous blood samples were collected for HIV and syphilis detection. [Results]During 2009-2011, the awareness rate of AIDS-related knowledge among FSWs was respectively 77. 5% , 81. 0% and 99.0% , and the difference was significant ( x2=43. 78 ,P <0. 01). The condom use rate in the recent commercial sexual activity was respectively 56. 5% , 46. 0% and 93. 0% (P < 0. 01). The detection rate of syphilis was respectively 1.5%, 1.0% and 1.0%. The detection rate of HIV antibody was respectively 0. 5% , 0 and 0. [ Conclusion]From 2009 to 2011, the awareness rate of AIDS

  7. Directory of Credit-Granting Policies in Medical Laboratory Education.

    Science.gov (United States)

    National Committee for Careers in Medical Technology, Bethesda, MD.

    Ways now exist for medical laboratory workers to advance up the educational career ladder, gaining credit for prior training and/or experience. A total of 369 Certified Medical Laboratory Assistant Schools, colleges with Associate Degree Medical Laboratory Technicians programs, schools of Medical Technology, and colleges with baccalaureate Medical…

  8. Analytical Laboratories

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — NETL’s analytical laboratories in Pittsburgh, PA, and Albany, OR, give researchers access to the equipment they need to thoroughly study the properties of materials...

  9. Computational Laboratory

    Data.gov (United States)

    Federal Laboratory Consortium — This laboratory contains a number of commercial off-the-shelf and in-house software packages allowing for both statistical analysis as well as mathematical modeling...

  10. National laboratories

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    The foundation of a 'National Laboratory' which would support a Research center in synchrotron radiation applications is proposed. The essential features of such a laboratory differing of others centers in Brazil are presented. (L.C.)

  11. Laboratory Tests

    Science.gov (United States)

    Laboratory tests check a sample of your blood, urine, or body tissues. A technician or your doctor ... compare your results to results from previous tests. Laboratory tests are often part of a routine checkup ...

  12. Knowledge typology for imprecise probabilities.

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wilson, G. D. (Gregory D.); Zucker, L. J. (Lauren J.)

    2002-01-01

    When characterizing the reliability of a complex system there are often gaps in the data available for specific subsystems or other factors influencing total system reliability. At Los Alamos National Laboratory we employ ethnographic methods to elicit expert knowledge when traditional data is scarce. Typically, we elicit expert knowledge in probabilistic terms. This paper will explore how we might approach elicitation if methods other than probability (i.e., Dempster-Shafer, or fuzzy sets) prove more useful for quantifying certain types of expert knowledge. Specifically, we will consider if experts have different types of knowledge that may be better characterized in ways other than standard probability theory.

  13. Violence against women migrant workers in Thailand.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaiyanukij, Charnchao

    2004-10-01

    A paper on "Violence against Women Migrant Workers in Thailand" will show the situation of women migrant workers in Thailand, why they have to come to Thailand, what kind of job they do, how they are abused and exploited by employer in many types of violence and how the Thai government manages to solve the problems and assist them. The term or definition of "violence against women-VAW" and "discrimination against women" is provided and based on the definition stated in the Declaration on the Elimination of Violence Against Women and the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW). Readers will see that violence against women is a form of discrimination committed on a basis of sex. In other words, VAW is a clear violation of women's inherent human rights including the rights to life, liberty, and security of person, equality, equal protection under the law and freedom from all forms of discrimination. More than one hundred thousands of women illegal migrant workers work in Thailand. They come from countries in the Mekong Sub-region namely Myanmar Lao PDR, Cambodia, Vietnam and China (Yunnan province). As they come illegally and have low level of education and working skills, they are vulnerable to exploitation, abuse or face violence. In general, they work in small factories, domestic work and restaurant. They are forced begging, forced prostitution or work in a slavery-like condition. Root causes of illegal migration and VAW are interrelated and occur in both sending and receiving countries of migrant workers. Poverty, demand and supply sides of labor, level of education, no knowledge of their own rights, impact of capitalism and gender issues, are mentioned as original factors of migration and VAW. The Thai government has national policy, plan, instrument and measures to cope with in- migration of illegal workers. Not only government agencies are active to solve the problems and assist the women migrant workers, but also non

  14. Critical factors and paths influencing construction workers' safety risk tolerances.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wang, Jiayuan; Zou, Patrick X W; Li, Penny P

    2016-08-01

    While workers' safety risk tolerances have been regarded as a main reason for their unsafe behaviors, little is known about why different people have different risk tolerances even when confronting the same situation. The aim of this research is to identify the critical factors and paths that influence workers' safety risk tolerance and to explore how they contribute to accident causal model from a system thinking perceptive. A number of methods were carried out to analyze the data collected through interviews and questionnaire surveys. In the first and second steps of the research, factor identification, factor ranking and factor analysis were carried out, and the results show that workers' safety risk tolerance can be influenced by four groups of factors, namely: (1) personal subjective perception; (2) work knowledge and experiences; (3) work characteristics; and (4) safety management. In the third step of the research, hypothetical influencing path model was developed and tested by using structural equation modeling (SEM). It is found that the effects of external factors (safety management and work characteristics) on risk tolerance are larger than that of internal factors (personal subjective perception and work knowledge & experiences). Specifically, safety management contributes the most to workers' safety risk tolerance through its direct effect and indirect effect; while personal subjective perception comes the second and can act as an intermedia for work characteristics. This research provides an in-depth insight of workers' unsafe behaviors by depicting the contributing factors as shown in the accident causal model developed in this research. PMID:26775077

  15. 76 FR 25376 - Occupational Exposure to Hazardous Chemicals in Laboratories Standard; Extension of the Office of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-04

    ... Laboratories'' (29 CFR 1910.1450; the ``Standard'') applies to laboratories that use hazardous chemicals in accordance with the Standard's definitions for ``laboratory use of hazardous chemicals'' and ``laboratory scale.'' The Standard requires these laboratories to maintain worker exposures at or below...

  16. ADVANCED WORKER PROTECTION SYSTEM

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Judson Hedgehock

    2001-03-16

    From 1993 to 2000, OSS worked under a cost share contract from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS). The AWPS is a protective ensemble that provides the user with both breathing air and cooling for a NIOSH-rated duration of two hours. The ensemble consists of a liquid air based backpack, a Liquid Cooling Garment (LCG), and an outer protective garment. The AWPS project was divided into two phases. During Phase 1, OSS developed and tested a full-scale prototype AWPS. The testing showed that workers using the AWPS could work twice as long as workers using a standard SCBA. The testing also provided performance data on the AWPS in different environments that was used during Phase 2 to optimize the design. During Phase 1, OSS also performed a life-cycle cost analysis on a representative clean up effort. The analysis indicated that the AWPS could save the DOE millions of dollars on D and D activities and improve the health and safety of their workers. During Phase 2, OSS worked to optimize the AWPS design to increase system reliability, to improve system performance and comfort, and to reduce the backpack weight and manufacturing costs. To support this design effort, OSS developed and tested several different generations of prototype units. Two separate successful evaluations of the ensemble were performed by the International Union of Operation Engineers (IUOE). The results of these evaluations were used to drive the design. During Phase 2, OSS also pursued certifying the AWPS with the applicable government agencies. The initial intent during Phase 2 was to finalize the design and then to certify the system. OSS and Scott Health and Safety Products teamed to optimize the AWPS design and then certify the system with the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Unfortunately, technical and programmatic difficulties prevented us from obtaining NIOSH certification. Despite the inability of NIOSH to certify

  17. ADVANCED WORKER PROTECTION SYSTEM

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    From 1993 to 2000, OSS worked under a cost share contract from the Department of Energy (DOE) to develop an Advanced Worker Protection System (AWPS). The AWPS is a protective ensemble that provides the user with both breathing air and cooling for a NIOSH-rated duration of two hours. The ensemble consists of a liquid air based backpack, a Liquid Cooling Garment (LCG), and an outer protective garment. The AWPS project was divided into two phases. During Phase 1, OSS developed and tested a full-scale prototype AWPS. The testing showed that workers using the AWPS could work twice as long as workers using a standard SCBA. The testing also provided performance data on the AWPS in different environments that was used during Phase 2 to optimize the design. During Phase 1, OSS also performed a life-cycle cost analysis on a representative clean up effort. The analysis indicated that the AWPS could save the DOE millions of dollars on D and D activities and improve the health and safety of their workers. During Phase 2, OSS worked to optimize the AWPS design to increase system reliability, to improve system performance and comfort, and to reduce the backpack weight and manufacturing costs. To support this design effort, OSS developed and tested several different generations of prototype units. Two separate successful evaluations of the ensemble were performed by the International Union of Operation Engineers (IUOE). The results of these evaluations were used to drive the design. During Phase 2, OSS also pursued certifying the AWPS with the applicable government agencies. The initial intent during Phase 2 was to finalize the design and then to certify the system. OSS and Scott Health and Safety Products teamed to optimize the AWPS design and then certify the system with the National Institute of Occupational Health and Safety (NIOSH). Unfortunately, technical and programmatic difficulties prevented us from obtaining NIOSH certification. Despite the inability of NIOSH to certify

  18. Views of the workers

    International Nuclear Information System (INIS)

    Full text: I hope that it is not symptomatic of the radiological protection business that I am making a last minute unscheduled intervention of behalf of the workers. I wonder too whether the Conference should consider the fact that there are no facilities for organized labour or indeed the public to comment during the International Commission on Radiological Protection (ICRP) consultation process regarding its recommendations. I have just a few points to make. As a non-scientific participant I can see that we have available accurate dosimetry which can be applied everywhere. This is a most important point. But a problem for the Conference is the different position of developed and developing countries and I would say straight away that I could not accept lower national standards of radiological protection simply to allow that State to catch up economically. We have heard a lot during the Conference about the application of ALARA. Perhaps I could introduce something different, that standards should be 'AHARA' - as high as reasonably achievable. There is no point, however, in imposing criteria that will be ignored, so there may have to be a period of optimization between developing and developed countries. There is every evidence to show that we are here at this Conference to help each other and this may provide an example. But I did not see the causation probability calculations yesterday distinguishing between developing and non-developed countries in relation to the effect of dosages on the human being. Those same calculations also made no distinction between human-made and what I have come to recognize this week as NORM radiation exposure, so it follows again that the worker in a western State's nuclear power plant should have the same standards as underground workers in other countries. This is just an example but at least the same philosophy driving those standards should be applied. No one will argue against the protection of the unborn child and I am not

  19. Remuneration Difference between Migrant Workers and Non-migrant Workers

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Changlin; DUAN; Huawei; LUO

    2013-01-01

    Through the survey of direct economic remuneration, indirect economic remuneration and non-economic remuneration of employees in flat panel furniture enterprises in Chengdu City, we conduct a comparative analysis of the problems and causes of remuneration difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers. The results show that the wage difference between migrant workers and non-migrant workers is the biggest, and there is little difference in terms of interests safeguarding and non-economic factors. The reason for the above results lies in the difference of education level; gender, region, household registration and other issues have little impact on the above results. The following recommendations are put forward to improve the remuneration of migrant workers: increasing government’s policy advocacy efforts and eliminating subjective offense; establishing the administrative oversight bodies and effectively safeguarding the legitimate rights and interests of migrant workers; strengthening vocational training for migrant workers, so that workers have more choices on positions; improving the working environment and developing good working atmosphere.

  20. Determinants of knowledge-sharing intention and knowledge-sharing behavior in a public organization

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Delio Ignacio Castaneda

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this paper is to examine the factors that affect the knowledge-sharing intention and knowledge-sharing behavior in a public sector organization. A survey was conducted with 188 knowledge workers of a public-sector organization at the national level in Colombia. In this public organization significant relationships between self-efficacy and knowledge-sharing intention, subjective norms, and knowledge-sharing behavior, and between knowledge-sharing intention and knowledge-sharing behavior were found. There was a direct effect of perceived organizational support on knowledge-sharing behavior and a moderator role of perceived organizational support between the studied variables. The findings clarify how some personal variables and perceived organizational support interact in the explanation of knowledge sharing.