Sample records for karl-heinz kirsch

  1. Karl Heinz Göller (1924-2009: in memoriam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janez Stanonik


    Full Text Available The study is written in memory of Karl Heinz Göller, Professor of English literature at the Regensburg University, who died in Kelheim near Regensburg on 22nd April 2009. University of Regenburg was founded in 1967, and Göller was the first Dean of its Faculty of Philosophy. For more than 40 years he worked for the development of good contacts betwen the universities of Regensburg and Ljubljana. Since 2000 he was member of the Advisory Committee of the review Acta Neophilologica. In 1983 he founded the Society of German Mediaevalists, one of the leading societies of German scholars from the whole Germany, and was elected its first president. The study gives report on the development of Göller as a scholar, and his basic achievement in his research, pedagogical work and in university administration.

  2. Mineviku kummitused : Stasi arhiivist leiti Karl-Heinz Kurrase aktid / Aino Siebert

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Siebert, Aino


    On ilmsiks tulnud dokumendid, mis tõestavad, et Saksa DV Riikliku Julgeolekuministeeriumi agent Karl-Heinz Kurras tappis Lääne-Berliinis Iraani monarhi visiidi ajal 1967. aasta 2. juunil toimunud meeleavalduste käigus üliõpilase Benno Ohnesorgi

  3. Blank ja Jeron ( / Joachim Blank, Karl Heinz Jeron ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blank, Joachim


    Nime all esinenud saksa kunstnikepaarist Joachim Blankist (sünd. 1963) ja Karl Heinz Jeronist ning nende loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikega nende Berliini ateljees 10. II 2000. Saksa võrgukunsti edendamisest rühmituste Lux Logis, Handshake ja Internationale Stadt koosseisus, jututubadest, teostest "Dump your trash", "Re-M@il", installatsioonidest "re: represent", "Scanner +++", "" ja muust

  4. Blank ja Jeron ( / Joachim Blank, Karl Heinz Jeron ; interv. Tilman Baumgärtel

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Blank, Joachim


    Nime all esinenud saksa kunstnikepaarist Joachim Blankist (sünd. 1963) ja Karl Heinz Jeronist ning nende loomingust, intervjuu kunstnikega nende Berliini ateljees 10. II 2000. Saksa võrgukunsti edendamisest rühmituste Lux Logis, Handshake ja Internationale Stadt koosseisus, jututubadest, teostest "Dump your trash", "Re-M@il", installatsioonidest "re: represent", "Scanner +++", "" ja muust

  5. Die poësie van Olga Kirsch: Tuiskoms in vreemdelingskap / The Poetry of Olga Kirsch: Homecoming in Exile

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Spies Lina


    Full Text Available In writing my article on the poetry of Olga Kirsch I proceed from each poet’s consciousness of the relationship of tension between his humanity and the art he practises. In the case of Olga Kirsch this inner discord was rendered in her humanity. As second recognised Afrikaans woman poet, after Elisabeth Eybers, she was Jewish by birth and English-speaking, although by her own claim Afrikaans, through her environment and school, was stronger than the English of her parental home.

  6. Notes on the taxonomic identity of Bystus hirtulus (Kirsch) and transfer from Endomychidae to Coccinellidae (Coleoptera: Cucujoidea), with designation of a lectotype for Alexia hirtula Kirsch (United States)

    During a review of type material of the New World endomychid genus Bystus Guérin-Méneville (Anamorphinae), the type series of Alexia hirtula Kirsch from Peru was examined and shown to contain a mixture of different taxa, none of which belong to the genus Bystus, the subfamily Anamorphinae, or even t...

  7. Entrevista com o Professor Irving Kirsch: uma conversa acerca da hipnose clínica e experimental


    Carvalho,Cláudia Maria Constante Ferreira de


    O artigo apresenta uma entrevista com o psicólogo, investigador e autor de referência na área da hipnose clínica e experimental Irving Kirsch. Esta entrevista foi realizada aquando de uma das visitas de Irving Kirsch a Portugal, e cobre os tópicos essenciais para uma introdução ao tema da hipnose clínica e experimental, permitindo a profissionais e público uma melhor compreensão do que é a hipnose clínica, quais as suas aplicações, particularmente em contextos de sa...

  8. The future of professional hypnosis: comment on kirsch, mazzoni, and montgomery. (United States)

    Frischholz, Edward J


    I believe the paper by Kirsch, Mazzoni, and Montgomery (this issue) should surprise about 95% of ASCH members (maybe only 93% of SCEH members) because the three facts espoused in their paper speciously seem to be 100% true. To paraphrase from their abstract: 1) nothing that can be produced by hypnotic induction plus suggestion cannot also be produced by suggestion alone; 2) administration of a hypnotic induction does not produce a meaningful increase in response to suggestion relative to suggestion alone; and 3) responsivity to suggestions are highly correlated to responsivity on the same measure when preceded by a hypnotic induction ceremony. In order to persuade that these propositions are true, several objections to them must be addressed. However, just because one's facts are true does not mean that one's interpretation of the facts and their interrelationships are also true. The ramifications of the above facts and their interrelationships for the future of professional hypnosis (experimental, clinical and forensic) are identified and discussed.

  9. Isn't the efficacy of antidepressants clinically relevant? A critical comment on the results of the metaanalysis by Kirsch et al. 2008. (United States)

    Möller, Hans Jürgen


    The metaanalysis of Kirsch (PLoS Med 5:e45, 2008) has (unfortunately!) attracted too much attention in the specialized press and especially in the lay press. Therefore, intensive critical commenting is necessary to not further alarm experts and health authorities as well as patients and family members. The specified commenting on these metaanalyses shall be prefaced with a short and critical commentary regarding the general significance of metaanalyses. The results of metaanalyses should not too naively be interpreted as the 'truth' as regards to the evidence based psychopharmacotherapy, but should be qualified in their significance due to principal methodological reasons Maier (Nervenarzt 78:1028-1036, 2007; Möller (Nervenarzt 78:1014-1027, 2007). Especially from these derived effect sizes should be interpreted carefully.

  10. Jan Greshoff se ‘aanval’ op Olga Kirsch as een van die hoofredes vir haar emigrasie: ’n Psigoanalitiese beskouing / Jan Greshoff’s ‘Attack’ on Olga Kirsch as One of the Main Causes of Her Emigration: A Psychoanalytical Point of View

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    Minnaar Thomas


    Full Text Available The poet Olga Kirsch left South Africa permanently for Israel in 1948. It is evident from her poetry that her Zionism, opposition to the racism of the National Party and a failed love played a role in her decision. This article focuses on another reason - a public attack by the Dutch critic Jan Greshoff in an Afrikaans literary magazine in 1946. Using concepts from psychoanalytical theories around borderline and narcissistic personalities, as well as the effect of emigration, Kirsch’s actions are examined as a reaction to narcissistic wounding. Investigating Greshoff’s criticism gives insights into the poet’s actions and explains the hiatus before she started publishing again in Afrikaans from 1971. It is stated that the poet is not considered to be a narcissist as her oeuvre is a testimony to her empathy with others, but the healthy narcissism needed in building one’s self-esteem underwent a severe blow when Kirsch lost the man she loved and was humiliated so devastatingly by the great Dutch critic.

  11. ’n Nuwe lewe: Olga Kirsch se studentegedig “Resurrexit” / A New Life: Olga Kirsch’s Student Poem “Resurrexit”

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    Minnaar Thomas


    Full Text Available The poem “Resurrexit” published by Olga Kirsch in 1945 in the student paper WU´s VIEWS has been all but forgotten. It is, however, a beautiful and an important poem with a pantheistic character. It commemorates the death of the young Jewish flight navigator lieutenant Alec Medalie, whose fighter plane was shot down by German antiaircraft fire near the Yugoslavian coast in 1944. Psychoanalysis opens the poem up to a reading which turns the typical male symbolic order’s death and men’s chaos caused by war into the young man’s rebirth as a new form of being. This happens through the maternal earth’s uterine sea. The fallen is absorbed by the sea and after a period taken up into the clouds to return to the mother and the earth, albeit in a new form. The concept of the chora plays a part in this resurrection which offers consolation to all who are subject to the inevitable uncertainty of the human condition and those who stay behind after a sudden death.

  12. Undervejs til katastrofen

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Karlsson Pedersen, Michael


    En analyse af Thomas Manns roman Der Zauberberg med udgangspunkt i den tyske litterat Karl Heinz Bohrers begreb om "Plötzlichkeit".......En analyse af Thomas Manns roman Der Zauberberg med udgangspunkt i den tyske litterat Karl Heinz Bohrers begreb om "Plötzlichkeit"....

  13. Nõukogude historiograafia ei ela edasi ainult Venemaal / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-


    Arvustus: Gräfe, Karl Heinz. Vom Donnerkreuz zum Hakenkreuz. Die baltischen Staaten zwischen Diktatur und Okkupation. (Bulletin für Faschismus- und Weltkriegsforschung, Beihefte 6). Berlin : Edition Organon, 2010

  14. Nõukogude historiograafia ei ela edasi ainult Venemaal / Olaf Mertelsmann

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Mertelsmann, Olaf, 1969-


    Arvustus: Gräfe, Karl Heinz. Vom Donnerkreuz zum Hakenkreuz. Die baltischen Staaten zwischen Diktatur und Okkupation. (Bulletin für Faschismus- und Weltkriegsforschung, Beihefte 6). Berlin : Edition Organon, 2010

  15. Germany at CERN

    CERN Multimedia


    The Eighth Exhibition of German Industry, "Germany at CERN" started this week and offers German companies the opportunity to establish professional contacts with CERN. From left to right in the foreground: Maximilian Metzger (BMBF), Bettinna Schöneseffen (BMBF), Karl-Heinz Kissler (SPL division leader), Horst Wenninger, and Hans Hoffman. Behind and to the right of Karl-Heinz Kissler is His Excellency Mr Walter Lewalter, Ambassador and permanent representative of Germany to the UN office in Geneva.

  16. Poland at CERN, from 17 to 20 October 2000: Polish Industry and Art

    CERN Multimedia

    Patrice Loïez


    Photo 25: The Director General Luciano Maiani (back left) and head of SPL division Dr. Karl-Heinz Kissler (back right) visit the Poland at CERN exhibition... Photo 29: and the artistic exhibition of the works of Ryszard Otreba in the main building L. to.r.: Mr. Ryszard Otreba, Professor of the Krakow Academy of Fine Arts, Prof. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, President of National Atomic Energy Agency, Prof. Luciano Maiani and Dr. Karl-Heinz Kissler

  17. JPRS Report, Telecommunications. (United States)


    fina- lised basic principles for setting up in India a joint venture company with Soviet technical assistance. The two sides will also English Feb 88 pp 1-2 [Excerpt] At a press conference, held in Brussels on 24 February 1988, Vice-President Karl -Heinz Narjes of the Karl -Heinz Narjes,vice president of the EC Commission, at the International Consultative Forum about the telecom Green Paper, held in Brussels

  18. Germany at CERN, from 13 to 15 November 2001

    CERN Multimedia

    Maximilien Brice


    Photo 01: Mr Maximilian Metzger, BMBF, during the inauguration of the eighth industrial exhibition Germany at CERN. Photo 02: Dr Karl-Heinz Kissler, Head of the SPL division, Mrs Bettina Schoneseiffen, German Delegate to the Finance Committe, H. E. Mr Walter Lewalter, Ambassador, Permanent representative of Germany to the United Nations Office in Geneva during the inauguration of the eighth industrial exhibition Germany at CERN. Photo 04: Mr Maximilian Metzger, BMBF; Mrs Bettina Schoneseiffen, German Delegate to the Finance Committee; Dr Karl-Heinz Kissler, Head of the SPL division, H. E. Mr Walter Lewalter, Ambassador, Permanent representative of Germany to the United Nations Office in Geneva (background); Dr Horst Wenninger, CERN and Dr Hans F. Hoffmann, Director of Technology Transfer and Scientific Computing, visiting the eighth industrial exhibition Germany at CERN.

  19. German visits to CERN

    CERN Multimedia


    State secretary to Germany's Federal Ministry of Education and Research, Frieder Meyer-Krahmer, with CERN's Director-General Robert Aymar.On 21 February, Professor Frieder Meyer-Krahmer, State Secretary to Germany's Federal Ministry of Education and Research, came to CERN. He visited the ALICE and ATLAS experiments and the computing centre before meeting the CERN's Director-General, some German physicists and members of the top management. The Minister of Science, Research and the Arts of the Baden-Württemberg regional government, Peter Frankenberg, and CERN's Director-General, Robert Aymar, signing an agreement on education. In the background: Sigurd Lettow, CERN's Director of Finance and Human Resources, and Karl-Heinz Meisel, Rector of the Fachhochschule Karlsruhe. The Minister of Science, Research and the Arts of the Baden-Württemberg regional government, Prof. Peter Frankenberg, visited CERN on 23 February. He was accompanied by the Rector of the Fachhochschule Karlsruhe, Prof. Karl-Heinz Meisel, and b...

  20. punktum. März 2010



    Bänziger, Hans Ulrich: 2010; Dr. Turmes, Luc: Bindung und Empathie. Von wechselseitigem Aufnehmen und spiegelndem Zurückgeben; Dr. Brisch, Karl Heinz: Bindungstheorie. Die Eltern-Kind-Symbiose; Prof. Dr. Gruen, Arno: Evolution. Liebe als entscheidender Entwicklungsfaktor; Dr. Waiblinger, Eva: Altruismus bei Tieren. Das Mitgefühl der Bonobos; Garstick, Egon: Elternschaftstherapie. Psychoanalytisch orientierte Psychotherapie im öffentlichen Bereich; Moro, Claudio: Selektiver M...

  1. The 2016 Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry Conference in Bonn. (United States)

    Müller, Christa E; Thimm, Dominik; Baringhaus, Karl-Heinz


    Pushing the frontiers of medicinal chemistry: Christa Müller, Dominik Thimm, and Karl-Heinz Baringhaus look back at the events of the 2016 Frontiers in Medicinal Chemistry (FiMC) Conference held in Bonn, Germany. The report highlights the themes & talks in the annual conference hosted by the Joint Division of Medicinal Chemistry of the German Pharmaceutical Society (DPhG) and German Chemical Society (GDCh). It is also an invitation to the 2017 conference in Bern, Switzerland this February 12-15.

  2. Polish Industry and Art at CERN

    CERN Document Server


    On 17 October 2000 the second Polish industrial and technological exhibition opened at CERN. The first one was held five years ago and nine of the companies that were present then have come back again this year. Six of those companies were awarded contracts with CERN in 1995. Three Polish officials were present at the Opening Ceremony today: Mrs Malgorzata Kozlowska, Under-secretary of State in the State Committee for Scientific Research, Mr Henryk Ogryczak, Under-secretary of State in Ministry of Economy and Prof. Jerzy Niewodniczanski, President of National Atomic Energy Agency. Professor Luciano Maiani welcomed the Polish delegation to CERN and stressed the important contribution of Polish scientists and industrialists to the work of the laboratory. Director General Luciano Maiani (back left) and head of SPL division Karl-Heinz Kissler (back right) visit the Poland at CERN exhibition… The exhibition offers Polish companies the opportunity to establish professional contacts with CERN. Nineteen companies...


    CERN Multimedia


    The encouragement of individual members of staff to contribute to the work of the task forces by making suggestions via the form on the Users'page of the web has been successful. Therefore, as announced by the Director General in his talk to the Staff in April, the management would like staff to continue to be involved in the change process by making further suggestions. Suggestions received will be distributed to the Director(s)/Division Leader(s) concerned, for reply and action where appropriate. The Director General has set up a small Panel that will ensure the proper processing of the ideas and will present a regular overview to the Director General. Members of the Panel are: Jan van der Boon, Vincent Hatton, Karl-Heinz Kissler, Thomas Pettersson, Florian Sonnemann, and Horst Wenninger.

  4. Francine-Dominique Liechtenhan, Les trois christianismes et la Russie


    Lavrov, Aleksandr


    Le livre de Francine-Dominique Liechtenhan est consacré au rôle de la chrétienté orthodoxe et de l’Église russe dans l’image de la Russie véhiculée par les voyageurs occidentaux à l’époque moderne. Cette image a fait l’objet de plusieurs études à partir des années 1950. Depuis les travaux de Karl-Heinz Ruffmann (1952) et Andreas Kappeler (1972) jusqu’au livre de Jean-Claude Roberti et Michel Mervaud (1991), une distinction était opérée entre l’image « anglaise », « allemande » (ou plutôt l’im...

  5. Psychosocial challenges before and after organ transplantation

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    Schulz KH


    Full Text Available Karl-Heinz Schulz,1,2 Sylvia Kroencke,1,2 1Department of Medical Psychology, 2University Transplant Center, University Medical Center Hamburg-Eppendorf, Hamburg, Germany Abstract: This review addresses psychosocial challenges before and after solid organ transplantation. Stressors, corresponding psychosocial changes of the recipient, and psychological interventions in the different phases of the transplant process are described. Furthermore, important aspects of the preoperative psychosocial evaluation are presented with a special focus on living donors and patients with alcoholic liver disease. For the postoperative period, adherence, quality of life, and return to work are highlighted. Finally, research and clinical implications are presented. Keywords: adherence, alcoholic liver disease, evaluation, living donation, quality of life, return to work

  6. “Die hart ’n droë blaar”: Verlies, rou en melancholie in Olga Kirsch se Afrikaanse poësie / “The heart a dry leaf”: Loss, Mourning and Melancholia in Olga Kirsch’s Afrikaans Poetry

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    Viljoen Louise


    Full Text Available Reading Olga Kirsch’s Afrikaans poetry, one is struck by the important role that the experience of loss occupies in her oeuvre. It is evident in the first two volumes of poetry she published while still living in South Africa, as well as in the five volumes she published after emigrating to Israel in 1948. Because her poetry, especially the volumes written in Israel, exudes an air of melancholy, this article uses Freud’s writings on loss, mourning and melancholia, as well as the historical tradition preceding his work, as a guideline in exploring the way in which the experience of loss, mourning and melancholy is portrayed in Kirsch’s oeuvre. The article focusses on the way in which loss is portrayed in her poetry: her sense that the Jewish experience of loss over the centuries forms part of her history and identity, the way in which she experiences the loss of South Africa and the language Afrikaans in which she is best able to express herself poetically when she emigrates to Israel, the way in which the loss of her father and mother at different times in her life affected her, her feeling that her experience of loss and the ensuing melancholy are carried over to her children.

  7. The Best Approach to Crisis Intervention (United States)


    could be headaches, nausea, or dizziness.45 Furthermore, in a study by Irving Kirsch and Guy Sapirstein, “Listening to Prozac but Hearing, 2. 44 Cherry, “What is the Placebo Effect?”, 1. 45 Ibid., 2. 46 Irving Kirsch and Guy...Inc., 2007. Kirsch , Irving and Guy Sapirstein. "Listening to Prozac but Hearing Placebo: A Meta-Analysis of Antidepressant Medication." Prevention

  8. EDITORIAL: From reciprocal space to real space in surface science From reciprocal space to real space in surface science (United States)

    Bartels, Ludwig; Ernst, Karl-Heinz


    This issue is dedicated to Karl-Heinz Rieder on the occasion of his 70th birthday. It contains contributions written by his former students and colleagues from all over the world. Experimental techniques based on free electrons, such as photoelectron spectroscopy, electron microscopy and low energy electron diffraction (LEED), were foundational to surface science. While the first revealed the band structures of materials, the second provided nanometer scale imagery and the latter elucidated the atomic scale periodicity of surfaces. All required an (ultra-)high vacuum, and LEED illustrated impressively that adsorbates, such as carbon monoxide, hydrogen or oxygen, can markedly and periodically restructure surfaces from their bulk termination, even at pressures ten orders of magnitude or more below atmospheric. Yet these techniques were not generally able to reveal atomic scale surface defects, nor could they faithfully show adsorption of light atoms such as hydrogen. Although a complete atom, helium can also be regarded as a wave with a de Broglie wavelength that allows the study of surface atomic periodicities at a delicateness and sensitivity exceeding that of electrons-based techniques. In combination, these and other techniques generated insight into the periodicity of surfaces and their vibrational properties, yet were limited to simple and periodic surface setups. All that changed with the advent of scanning tunneling microscopy (STM) roughly 30 years ago, allowing real space access to surface defects and individual adsorbates. Applied at low temperatures, not only can STM establish a height profile of surfaces, but can also perform spectroscopy and serve as an actuator capable of rearranging individual species at atomic scale resolution. The direct and intuitive manner in which STM provided access as a spectator and as an actor to the atomic scale was foundational to today's surface science and to the development of the concepts of nanoscience in general. The

  9. Warming Climate, More Sleepless Nights? (United States)

    ... change worsens then sleep must get worse," Kirsch said. "I think that may be a little bit harder of an argument to make. It makes a number of assumptions." However, Obradovich and Kirsch ... said good sleep helps maintain your ability to concentrate, ...

  10. International Workshop on Current Problems in Condensed Matter

    CERN Document Server

    Current Problems in Condensed Matter


    This volume contains the papers presented at the International Workshop on the Cur­ rent Problems in Condensed Matter: Theory and Experiment, held at Cocoyoc, More­ los, Mexico, during January 5-9, 1997. The participants had come from Argentina, Austria, Chile, England, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Mexico, Switzerland, and the USA. The presentations at the Workshop provided state-of-art reviews of many of the most important problems, currently under study, in condensed matter. Equally important to all the participants in the workshop was the fact that we had come to honor a friend, Karl Heinz Bennemann, on his sixty-fifth birthday. This Festschrift is just a small measure of recognition of the intellectualleadership of Professor Bennemann in the field and equally important, as a sincere tribute to his qualities as an exceptional friend, college and mentor. Those who have had the privilege to work closely with Karl have been deeply touched by Karl's inquisitive scientific mind as well as by bis k...

  11. Conventional mesh repair of a giant iatrogenic bilateral diaphragmatic hernia with an enterothorax

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lingohr P


    Full Text Available Philipp Lingohr,1 Thomas Galetin,2 Boris Vestweber,2 Hanno Matthaei,1 Jörg C Kalff,1 Karl-Heinz Vestweber2 1Department of Surgery, University of Bonn, Bonn, Germany; 2Department of Surgery, Klinikum Leverkusen, Leverkusen, Germany Purpose: Diaphragmatic hernias (DHs are divided into congenital and acquired hernias, most of which are congenital. Among acquired DHs, up to 80% are left-sided, only a few iatrogenic DHs have been reported, and bilateral hernias are extremely rare. For diagnostic reasons, many DHs are overlooked by ultrasonography or X-ray and are only recognized at a later stage when complications occur. Methods: In 2009, we performed three partial diaphragm replacements in our clinic for repairing DHs using a PERMACOL™ implant. Results: As all patients had uneventful postoperative courses and the clinical outcomes were very good, we present one special case of a 65-year-old male with a giant iatrogenic bilateral DH with an enterothorax. Conclusion: We see a good indication for diaphragm replacements by using a PERMACOL™ implant for fixing especially DHs with huge hernial gaps and in cases with fragile tissue. Keywords: bilateral diaphragmatic hernia, enterothorax, conventional hernia repair, PERMACOL™, biological implant, diaphragm replacement, mesh repair

  12. The 2016 interferometric imaging beauty contest (United States)

    Sanchez-Bermudez, J.; Thiébaut, E.; Hofmann, K.-H.; Heininger, M.; Schertl, D.; Weigelt, G.; Millour, F.; Schutz, A.; Ferrari, A.; Vannier, M.; Mary, D.; Young, J.


    Image reconstruction in optical interferometry has gained considerable importance for astrophysical studies during the last decade. This has been mainly due to improvements in the imaging capabilities of existing interferometers and the expectation of new facilities in the coming years. However, despite the advances made so far, image synthesis in optical interferometry is still an open field of research. Since 2004, the community has organized a biennial contest to formally test the different methods and algorithms for image reconstruction. In 2016, we celebrated the 7th edition of the "Interferometric Imaging Beauty Contest". This initiative represented an open call to participate in the reconstruction of a selected set of simulated targets with a wavelength-dependent morphology as they could be observed by the 2nd generation of VLTI instruments. This contest represents a unique opportunity to benchmark, in a systematic way, the current advances and limitations in the field, as well as to discuss possible future approaches. In this contribution, we summarize: (a) the rules of the 2016 contest; (b) the different data sets used and the selection procedure; (c) the methods and results obtained by each one of the participants; and (d) the metric used to select the best reconstructed images. Finally, we named Karl-Heinz Hofmann and the group of the Max-Planck-Institut f ur Radioastronomie as winners of this edition of the contest.


    CERN Multimedia

    Relations with the Host States Service


    Henceforth only the undermentioned persons shall be authorized by the Advisor for Relations with the Member States and the Advisor for Relations with the non-Member States to sign official letters of invitation and other related documents : James V. ALLABY Lyndon EVANS Cecilia JARLSKOG Nicolas KOULBERG Hélène MAUGER Michelle MAZERAND Steve MYERS Chris ONIONS Monica PEPE-ALTARELLI Agnita QUERROU Karl-Heinz SCHINDL. As a precautionary measure, all persons coming to CERN should obtain all the requisite information in good time on entry requirements applying to him or her in Switzerland and France, particularly with regard to visas. The practice is for visas to be issued by the consulate competent for the place of residence, and in some cases a special procedure must be followed. Any further information required may be obtained from the Swiss and French consulates. You may also consult the Web pages of the Swiss Federal Department of Foreign Affairs (at

  14. Potential and clinical utility of stem cells in cardiovascular disease

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Korff Krause


    Full Text Available Korff Krause, Carsten Schneider, Kai Jaquet, Karl-Heinz KuckHanseatic Heart Center Hamburg, Department of Cardiology, Asklepios Hospital St. Georg, Hamburg, GermanyAbstract: The recent identification of bone marrow-derived adult stem cells and other types of stem cells that could improve heart function after transplantation have raised high expectations. The basic mechanisms have been studied mostly in murine models. However, these experiments revealed controversial results on transdifferentiation vs transfusion of adult stem cells vs paracrine effects of these cells, which is still being debated. Moreover, the reproducibility of these results in precisely translated large animal models is still less well investigated. Despite these weaknesses results of several clinical trials including several hundreds of patients with ischemic heart disease have been published. However, there are no solid data showing that any of these approaches can regenerate human myocardium. Even the effectiveness of cell therapy in these approaches is doubtful. In future we need in this important field of regenerative medicine: i more experimental data in large animals that are closer to the anatomy and physiology of humans, including data on dose effects, comparison of different cell types and different delivery routes; ii a better understanding of the molecular mechanisms involved in the fate of transplanted cells; iii more intensive research on genuine regenerative medicine, applying genetic regulation and cell engineering.Keywords: stem cells, cardiovascular disease

  15. [Carl Arthur Scheunert's experiments on human nutrition, 1938-1943: boundary transgressions of a scientist under national socialism]. (United States)

    Joost, Hans-Georg


    Carl Arthur Scheunert (1879-1957) was a German scientist who supervised several studies with prisoners that were designed to assess the optimal vitamin and nutrient supply, and were conducted by his associate Karl-Heinz Wagner (1911-2007) from 1938 to 1943. This contribution describes the aims, results and conclusions of Scheunert's research 1923 to 1945 in comparison with the national and international vitamin research and its consequences for public health measures. Conditions and results of the human experiments are reconstructed and compared with similar studies performed in other countries. Burden as well as health risks for the study participants are assessed. In addition, it is discussed whether general rules for human experimentation were followed (e.g. informed consent and minimizing of health risks). Although the available documents support the conclusion that no deaths or lasting injuries were caused, the experiments violated ethical standards, in particular because of the conditions in the Waldheim prison including progressive deterioration of nutrition and health.

  16. Armouring facility? Nuclear-weapon and reactor reseach at the Kaiser-Wilhelm Institute for Physics; Eine Waffenschmiede? Kernwaffen- und Reaktorforschung am Kaiser-Wilhelm-Institut fuer Physik

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hachtmann, R. (ed.); Walker, M.


    The Kaiser Wilhelm Institute for Physics is best known as the place where Werner Heisenberg worked on nuclear weapons for Hitler. Although this is essentially true, there is more to the story. At the start of World War II this institute was taken over by the German Army Ordnance to be the central, but not exclusive site for a research project into the economic and military applications of nuclear fission. The Army physicist Kurt Diebner was installed in the institute as its commissarial director. Heisenberg was affiliated with the institute as an advisor at first, and became the director in 1942. Heisenberg and his colleagues, including in particular Karl-Heinz Hoecker, Carl Friedrich von Weizsaecker, and Karl Wirtz, worked on nuclear reactors and isotope separation with the clear knowledge that these were two different paths to atomic bombs [Atombomben]. However, they were clearly ambivalent about what they were doing. New documents recently returned from Russian archives shed new light on this work and the scientists' motivations. (orig.)

  17. Echoes of Gordon Craig in the Romania of the 1930s and 40s

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Liliana Alexandrescu


    Full Text Available Europe between the two world wars was marked by contradictions and intense quests. In the world that emerged from the first global conflagration, Romania found itself at the border zone between the new post-revolutionary Soviet state, with its growing totalitarian character, and the old Western democracies undermined by new totalitarianisms. As much from the territorial point of view as from that of ideologies, Romania is a place of meeting and confrontation between different currents and ideas, and different social and esthetical models, in the exploration of which Romanian intellectuals, artists, and writers become fervently involved. Traveling and reading bring them close to the inciting artistic life of the great cultural capitals of Europe: Rome, Paris, Berlin on the one hand, Moscow or Leningrad on the other. In theatre, to Stanislavski’s theories, already known from before the war, is now added the discovery of Meyerhold’s, Vakhtangov’s or Tairov’s experiments, combined with the fascination inspired by the stage accomplishments of Max Reinhardt, Copeau, Bragaglia, Piscator or Karl Heinz Martin. Towering above all, however, at the crossroads of several ways, is the tall, prophetic figure of Craig, “the instigator” of numerous stage creations everywhere in the world. Craig’s theories were circulated in various Romanian periodicals in more or less fragmentary form, as examples of innovative theatrical vision, but they also became the object of keen analysis. This paper traces the echoes of Craig’s conception among Romanian theatre thinkers and practitioners.

  18. CHANGE@CERN:Task Force 3: adjusting services to future needs

    CERN Multimedia


    We continue our articles on the Task Force reports The number of craftsmen and technicians could be increased with a change in the staff composition. The mandate for Task Force 3 was to make proposals for savings and new cost control procedures in the area of Industrial Support and Contracts for the period until 2009. The aim, explains the convenor, Karl-Heinz Kissler, was to keep spending under control under difficult conditions when staff numbers are decreasing and the work for the LHC becomes more demanding. The measures proposed, if implemented, could lead to savings of around 170 MCHF. The proposals involve both Industrial Services contracts, which were discussed in the Bulletin of the 22nd of April (n°17/2002) and readjustments for staff at CERN, on which we concentrate here. As with other Task Forces the principle aim was to be able to refocus resources onto the LHC project. In this respect, Task Force 3 could work within the framework of the revised programme for the LHC and the reduced non-LHC pro...

  19. The emperor's new drugs: exploding the antidepressant myth

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Kirsch, Irving


    Kirsch, a researcher and clinical psychologist, for years referred patients to psychiatrists to treat their depression with drugs before deciding to investigate for himself how effective the drugs really were...

  20. Chest tube insertion (United States)

    ... tube insertion; Insertion of tube into chest; Tube thoracostomy; Pericardial drain ... Kirsch TD, Sax J. Tube thoracostomy. In: Roberts JR, ed. Roberts and ... . 6th ed. Philadelphia, PA: Elsevier Saunders; 2014:chap 10.


    African Journals Online (AJOL)


    Sep 2, 2010 ... Though several databases were searched and ... as genetics, level of education, socio-economic status, physical environment and social ..... Kirsch, I., Jungelut, L. & Jenjins, L., 1993, Adult literacy in America: a first look at the ...

  2. An Annotated Bibliography of the Open Literature on Deception. (United States)


    Formation of Men’s Attitudes. New York: Vintage, 1965. Forward, John, Rachelle Canter, and Ned Kirsch , "Role-Enactment and Deception Methodologies...Monterey, CA: Naval Postgraduate School, January 1981, 65 pp. Heymont, Irving , Combat Intelligence in Modern Warfare. Harrisburg, PA: Stackpole, 1961...1975. Forward, John, Rachelle Canter, and Ned Kirsch , "Role-Enactment and Deception Methodologies: Alternative Paradigms?" American Psychologist, August

  3. The response set theory of hypnosis: expectancy and physiology. (United States)

    Kirsch, I


    A recent exposition of the response set theory of hypnosis (Kirsch, 2000) contained incorrect and misleading figures. The correct figures illustrated a complementary relation between mental and physiological phenomena. The figures as published erroneously suggested that the author espoused epiphenomenalism. As shown in this corrected version, Kirsch proposes that mind states and body states be considered as two ways of viewing a single psychophysiological phenomenon.

  4. Manual for Courts-Martial, United States, 1984. Revision. (United States)


    the case of general courts-martial, the law of war. Discussion -- (a) In generat, Courts-martial have power to, Irv any of courts-martial was...grant immunity. This subsection is based on paragraph 68h of MCM, 1969 (Rev.) and on United States v. Kirsch . 15 U.S.C.M.A. ., -’,,* " 84,35 C.M.R. 56...1964). See also UnitedStates v. Villines, supra. Kirsch recognized codal authority fora convening authority to grant immunity - . .-- .’. (see Articles

  5. Technical Digest Series. Volume 8. Summaries of Papers Presented at the Spatial Light Modulators and Application Topical Meeting Held in South Lake Tahoe, Nevada on June 15-17, 1988. (United States)


    lateral separa Spatial Light Modulators. Don A Gredory James C Kirsch . lion of the detector and modulator in each cell is described U S Army Missile...8217lihb3- 1 Limitations of Currently Available Deformable Mirror Spatial Light Modulators Don A. Gregory and James C. Kirsch U. S. Army Missile Command...jniversit_, Zaitrr i- r nicnarc ’- Lame Deoartment cnt Electrical Enur u.S. Irv issile C-ommano -oui si ana 7ch ’’Iier ,utv 44rmv - o pnatcrieE: Th E j

  6. Optical Shared Memory System Demonstration Model (United States)


    Interconnects for VLSI," Opt. Eng., vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1109 -1118 (October 1986). 10 J.C. Kirsch , D.G. Gregory, T.D. Hudson, D.J. Lanteigne, "Design of...34 Opt. Eng., vol. 25, no. 10, pp. 1109 -1118 (October 1986). 17 J.C. Kirsch , D.G. Gregory, T.D. Hudson, D.J. Lanteigne, "Design of Photopolymer...lator. Fir thl riif,diflah tra:.lpar’lt leIr,-h.- , irv tj..d. uk fir tie i a r S=rt ) Per ! mo dulator partially rellht-iin :irrors, aoll elcctrodeus

  7. Command, Control, Communications, Computers and Intelligence Electronic Warfare (C4IEW) Project Book, Fiscal Year 1994. (Non-FOUO Version) (United States)



  8. A Poet for All Seasons

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hugo Daniel


    Full Text Available This is a translation of a general introduction to an anthology of poetry by Olga Kirsch. Major themes and motifs of her work are outlined, as well as a short biography of the authoress is presented. The selection from the poems of Olga Kirsch was published to celebrate her 70th birthday on 23rd of September 1994 as Nou spreek ek weer bekendes aan: ’n Keur 1944-1983 [Now I’m Again Addressing Familiar Ones: A Selection 1944-1983]. For the purposes of the translation the ending of the original introduction has been altered.

  9. Prophylaxis and Treatment of Influenza A Virus Infection by Carrier-Mediated Passive Immunity (United States)


    Fogler , W.E., Kirsh, R. and Poste, G., "Activation of Tumoricidal Properties in Macrophages by Liposome-encapsulated Lymphokines: In Vivo Studies", Tom...pp 124-128. 19. Fidler, I.J., Raz, A., Fogler , W.E., Kirsch, R., Bugelski, P., and Poste, G., "Design of Liposomes to Improve Delivery of Macrophage...Augmenting Agents to Alveolar Macrophages", Cancer Res., 40 (1980) pp. 4460-4466. 20. Post, G., Kirsch, R., Raz, A., Sone., S., Bucana, C., Fogler

  10. History of the University of Washington Astronomy Department: 1965-1995 (United States)

    Lutz, Julie H.


    The Department of Astronomy of the University of Washington (UW) is celebrating its fiftieth anniversary this year, starting in 1965 when George Wallerstein and Paul Hodge joined Theodor Jacobsen to significantly expand research and initiate a graduate program. Three additional faculty members in astrophysical theory were added before the end of the decade: James Bardeen, Karl-Heinz Böhm and Erika Böhm-Vitense. In addition, plans were started to establish a research telescope in the State of Washington, primarily for training graduate students. The site survey for what eventually became Manastash Ridge Observatory (MRO) started in 1965. The 30-inch telescope at MRO in the eastern Cascades was dedicated in 1972.Four more faculty with a broad range of expertise were added in the 1970s and the number of graduate students expanded to about 15. Wallerstein was Chair of the department from 1965-1980. Part of his vision for the department was for UW astronomers to have access to a large, well-equipped telescope at a good observing site. He realized that such a goal would have to be accomplished in collaboration with other institutions and he spent years seeking partners.Newly-arrived faculty member Bruce Margon served as Chair from 1981-87 and from 1990-1995. In 1983 the Astrophysical Research Consortium (ARC) was formed with UW as a partner. UW played a major role in the construction of the ARC 3.5-m telescope in New Mexico, which was dedicated in 1994 and continues to function robustly. The department hired several more faculty with a variety of interests, both in multi-wavelength studies and astrophysical theory. An undergraduate astronomy major was added in the mid-1980s.In the mid-1980s ARC started to think about a sky survey which would encompass both imaging and spectroscopy. This became the original Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS), which took place between 1990 and 1995, again with the UW as a major partner. At this time, UW Astronomy experienced growth in

  11. Book reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Redactie KITLV


    Full Text Available Peter Borschberg (ed., Iberians in the Singapore-Melaka area and adjacent regions (16th to 18th century (Syed Muhd Khairudin Aljunied Katharine L. Wiegele, Investing in miracles; El Shaddai and the transformation of popular Catholicism in the Philippines (Greg Bankoff Jean Gelman Taylor, Indonesia; Peoples and histories (Peter Boomgaard Clive Moore, New Guinea; Crossing boundaries and history (Harold Brookfield Nathan Porath, When the bird flies; Shamanic therapy and the maintenance of worldly boundaries among an indigenous people of Riau (Sumatra (Cynthia Chou and Martin Platt Paul van der Grijp, Identity and development; Tongan culture, agriculture, and the perenniality of the gift (H.J.M. Claessen Tim Bunnell, Malaysia, modernity and the multimedia super corridor; A critical geography of intelligent landscapes (Ben Derudder L. Fontijne, Guardians of the land in Kelimado; Louis Fontijne’s study of a colonial district in eastern Indonesia (Maribeth Erb Karl-Heinz Golzio, Geschichte Kambodschas; Das Land der Khmer von Angkor bis zur Gegenwart (Volker Grabowsky Emmanuel Poisson, Mandarins et subalternes au nord du Viêt Nam; Une bureaucracie à l’épreuve (1820-1918 (Martin Grossheim Generale Missiven van Gouverneurs-Generaal en Raden aan Heren XVII der Verenigde Oostindische Compagnie, Volume 10, 1737-1743 (Gerrit Knaap Aris Ananta and Evi Nurvidya Arifin (eds, International migration in Southeast Asia (Santo Koesoebjono Vladimir Braginsky, The comparative study of traditional Asian literatures; From reflective traditionalism to neo-traditionalism (G.L. Koster Fiona Kerlogue (ed., Performing objects; Museums, material culture and performance in Southeast Asia (Jennifer Lindsay Th.C. van der Meij, Puspakrema; A Javanese romance from Lombok (Julian Millie Robyn Maxwell, Sari to sarong; Five hundred years of Indian and Indonesian textile exchange -- Jasleen Dhamija, Woven magic; The affinity between

  12. Computation of Viscous-Inviscid Interactions (United States)


    computations can be made quantitative. Similar remarks have been made independently by D.A . Humphreys and B. van den Berg in the evaluation of data for three...were Mrs. Sophia Porson, Mrs. Margaret Mark, and Miss Doris Kirsch. Now a few words about our future plans. Next year there will be tw’ Symposia. The

  13. Fluid Dynamic Mechanisms and Interactions within Separated Flows and Their Effects on Missile Aerodynamics (United States)


    layer is being irves - tigated in a of two-dimensional experiments utilizing LDV measurements. The objectives of these experiments are to obtain a...1974, pp. 105-112. 16 8. Mazumder, M. K., Hoyle, B. D., and Kirsch , K. J., "Generation and Fluid Dynamics of Scattering Aerosols in Laser Doppler

  14. Federal Republic of Germany, A Country Study. (United States)


    Toronto: Holt, Rinehart and Winston, 1972. Hoffman, G.N. A Geography of Europe. New York: Roland, 1953. 402 ".’ U ’ . .low Bibliography Kirsch , Hans...and Theory," The American Journal of Comparative Law, XXIV, No. 4, Fall 1976, 718-36. Heymont, Irving . Analysis of the Army Reserve Systems of Is- rael

  15. From Vietnam to Beyond the Cold War: The Evolution of U.S. Army Engineer Forces, 1973-1991 (United States)


    Eauloment. Washington DC. Office of the Chief of Military History, 1958. Crump, Irving , Our Army Engineers. NY: Dodd, Meade and Co., 1954. Davis... Kirsch , Robert S. and Magness, Thomas H. "Iron Sappers." The Military Engineer. November-December, 1991, pp. 25-27. Matthews, William. "World Changes Turn

  16. Situational Awareness in Aerospace Operations (La Perception de la Situation au cours des Operations Aeriennes) (United States)


    tll,’ ninu-Iirh lio ni ui, iriirrlea (ir ii Iuirimnr to Ii coirc Witli’? iv toriurram Itrrrrin or u AilAlli, III Irv ing Si t tini- Inronirrir ir ntit...Two aspects of spatial disorientation in man). 331. Nerv. $yet., 31, 1979, 667-673, 21, butter, C. M. Evans, J,, Kirsch , N. & Kewmen, D, Altitudinal

  17. Optical Data Processing for Missile Guidance. (United States)


    operators such value for pixel (m,n I as the nonlinear combination of as the Roberts, Prewitt. Kirsch . and others by simply its surrounding neighbors. INote...asaselt . IProc. Sic. I’loli-(lii. linewidths and SNR) in agreement w ith those expected I ii~itriui. Eng. 2:35. 1 i7,6 11951. hy the irv . We a

  18. The Shock and Vibration Digest. Volume 13, Number 12 (United States)


    1339 Hulbert, G .............. 2614 Irretier, H .............. 1931 * Hopkins, G.R ............. 790 Humar, J ............... 2392 Irving , H.M...994 Koori,Y ................. 29 Kelly, S.G .............. 1053 Kirsch , P.A ............. 2355 Kopp, J.W ............ 641,642 Kempe, G

  19. Analytical solutions of the mechanical behaviour of rock with applications to a repository for spent nuclear fuel

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Jussila, P.


    Mechanical behaviour of rock is one of the main research areas of disposal of spent nuclear fuel. Various calculation programs designed to solve the problem are utilized by the planners of spent fuel disposal. The results of the numerical approaches can be validated by comparing them to the analytical solution of a simplified problem. As a basis for this study, we used Kirsch`s equations, which give the planar solution to the stress field developing around a horizontal tunnel of a circular cross section. Kirsch`s equations and the corresponding deformation (strain) and displacement fields were derived for a tunnel with and without a circular support. The rock mass was assumed to be a continuous, homogeneous and isotropic medium obeying Hooke`s law, and the time-dependent aspects of the fields were taken into account by applying the Poynting-Thomson model to the interaction between rock and a support. The Matlab code was used to calculate and visualize the results. As a result of this study, we state that the tangential, tensile stresses at the sides of the tunnel are of the same order of magnitude as the tensile strength of rock, which influences the fracturing. With a support, the effects can be moderately reduced. 7 refs.

  20. Cultivar effect on the sweet cherry antioxidant and some chemical attributes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Skrzyński Jan


    Full Text Available This research was carried out to evaluate the phenolic composition, antioxidant capacities, sugars and organic acids content of sweet cherry cultivars (Bianca, Burlat, Johanna 1, Johanna 2, Kordia, Kunzes Kirsche, Merton Premier, Napoleon, Orleans, Regina, Rivan, Schneiders Spate Knorpelkirsche, Summit, Trebnitzer Lotkirsche grown in Poland. Significant differences were observed between tested cultivars for all studied parameters.

  1. Chromosomal evolution of the PKD1 gene family in primates

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Krawczak Michael


    Full Text Available Abstract Correction to Kirsch S, Pasantes J, Wolf A, Bogdanova N, Münch C, Pennekamp P, Krawczak M, Dworniczak B, Schempp W: Chromosomal evolution of the PKD1 gene family in primates. BMC Evolutionary Biology 2008, 8:263 (doi:10.1186/1471-2148-8-263

  2. Fitting Organizational Behavior and Socialization into the Rehabilitation Counseling Curriculum (United States)

    Mitus, Jamie S.; Hart, Zachary P.


    High unemployment persists among individuals with disabilities in part due to problems with job retention (Gibbs, 1990; Kirsch, 2000; Louis Harris and Associates, 2000). A contributor to the problem may be the lack of academic training offered by rehabilitation counseling programs on organizational behavior and socialization concepts relevant to…

  3. Decision Support Requirements in a Unified Life Cycle Engineering (ULCE) Environment. Volume 2. Conceptual Approaches to Optimization. (United States)


    optimal solution itself. The reasons for performing a detailed sensitivity analysis are given by Reklaitis , Ravindray and Ragsdell [Ref. 101: 1. To...1970. 9. Kirsch, U., Optimum Structural Design, McGraw-Hill, N.Y., 1981. 10. Reklaitis , G. V., A. Ravindran, and K. M. Ragsdell, Engineering

  4. Managing Supply Chain Disruptions (United States)


    1990), (b) inter- organizational systems ( Fulk & DeSanctis, 1995; Goodhue, Wybom, & Kirsch, 1992; 34 Kumar & van Dissel, 1996), (c) corporate...Contingency Theory and Resource-Based View Perspective and Practical Implications. Industrial Marketing Management, 34(6), pp 555-565. Fulk , J

  5. Structural Crashworthiness and Failure (United States)


    structures en materiaux composite. VDI-Bericht Nr 369, 1980. 46. Kirsch, P. A. & Jahnle, H. A., Energy absorption of glass-polyester structures. SAE...materials in the automotive industry. They built two cabins, one equipped with front and rear suspension , steering assembly, rear engine, seats, outer skin

  6. Advanced Electronic Technology. (United States)


    Silicon De- D.,I. Silversmith Solid State Technol. 23, 88 vices Formed by Ion Iniplanta- 1. W. Mountain (1980) tion and Laser Annealing S.C. Munroe M...J. Silversmith Photodeposition R. M. Osgood, Jr. 5075 Picosecond Optical Sampling H. A. Haus* Accepted by IEEE J. Quantum S.T. Kirsch Electron. K

  7. Treatment of Ebola Virus Infection With a Recombinant Inhibitor of Factor Vlla/Tissue Factor: A Study in Rhesus Monkeys (United States)


    pH with an i-STAT Portable Clinical Analyzer (i-STAT Corportation, Princeton, NJ, USA). Concentra- tions of albumin, amylase , alanine aminotransferase...SC, Shephard EG, Kirsch RE. Fibrin degradation product D-dimer induces the synthesis and release of biologically active IL-1 beta , IL-6 and

  8. Assessment of Stereoscopic Display Systems for Assisting in Route Clearance Manipulation Planning Tasks (United States)


    accurate task? Second, how could we quantify the result of using stereopsis to show that its effect is worthy of consideration for the operator’s task...US ARMY AVIATION AND MISSILE RD&E CTR WEAPONS SCIENCES DIR ATTN AMSRD AMR WS PL JIM KIRSCH REDSTONE ARSENAL AL 35898-5000 1 THE

  9. Compilation of Abstracts of Theses Submitted by Candidates for Degrees (United States)


    Architectural Design within the Manufac- turing Environment of "Northern California Elec- tronics" (NCE) Kirsch , R.A., II A Relational Data Diction- 240 CPT, USA...34-. " " " .. ’""- " " "-"x’ " -•’-"- •", , -’’ -LJ. V WV 1 C KLX A V- flV. V2JW L41.A WW V" i LsUWV I VvW%,zw I V VUW Irv uw Uwlr4 I u - , U r V...NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS INFORMATION RESOURCE DICTIONARY SYSTEM Robert A. Kirsch , I1 Captain, United States Army B.S., University of South Alabama

  10. A Comparison of Residual Stress Measuring Techniques: Their Strengths and Weaknesses (United States)


    1 i OJ 1 ll CM 1 t~- VD CO OJ V* -J iv 1 a. viJ b * r-l .J" _J -^r -a- r^ a; ON 00 cn m OJ «.>. u o rH CM CO a.i (H 3 irv OT ^f pi r i...components of stress are given by the Kirsch (ref 7) equations, namely: CTrr = a (1 - a 2) + a (1 + 3a.k - 4a2) cos 20 (4) rr 2 T2" 2...G. E. Bowie, "Residual Stress by Blind-Hole Method with 0££-Center Hole," Exp. Mech., lg. No. 5, (May 1978), pp 173-179. 7. G. Kirsch , "Die Theorie

  11. Disease: H00521 [KEGG MEDICUS

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available osteoblast differentiation, is the cause of the disease. Skeletal dysplasia RUNX2.... J Med Genet 33:511-4 (1996) PMID:20648631 (gene) Ott CE, Leschik G, Trotier F, Brueton L, Brunner HG, Brusse...l W, Guillen-Navarro E, Haase C, Kohlhase J, Kotzot D, Lane A, Lee-Kirsch MA, Morlot S, Simon ME, Steichen...-Gersdorf E, Tegay DH, Peters H, Mundlos S, Klopocki E Deletions of the RUNX2 gene are prese

  12. Third Congress on Information System Science and Technology (United States)


    Waks Robert M. Fano Gordon T. Gould, Jr., Major General, USAF Richard M. Longmire Ruth M. Davis Samuel N. Alexander Irving K. Cohen Paul G...TAC Command System 359 Irving K. Cohen David A. Schum Joseph M. Doughty L.W.Miller, R.J.Kaplan, and W. Edwards XVI NEW DIRECTIONS FOR...Conference, 26 343-350 Spartan Hooks, Washington. D.C. 1964 4 R. A. KIRSCH Computer interpretation of English text and picture

  13. Proceedings of Neurotox 󈨜, Molecular Basis of Drug and Pesticide Action (3rd) Held in Bath, England on April 10-15, 1988 (United States)


    Irving , S. and Olsen, R.W. (1985) Locust ganglia contain [ 3H]flunitrazepam binding sites. Biochem. Soc. Trans. 13, 716-717. 15 Robinson, T.M., inactiva- tion: separate sites for the action of grayanotoxin and tetramethrin. Brain Res. in press. 44 Kirsch , G.E., Yeh, J.Z., Farley, receptors is specific and can occur at very low concentrations of ligand. Irving [13], for example. observed pyrethroid induced miniature

  14. Research Investigation Directed Toward Extending the Useful Range of the Electromagnetic Spectrum (United States)


    20 B. NEW OPTICAL MATERIALS AND SOURCES Irving P. Herman. Principal Investigator~Resarch Area I1. Work Unit 2. 1. Optical Studies of Il-VI...SOURCES Irving P. Herman, Principal Investigator (212) 854-4950 Research Area I, Work Unit 2 3 The main objective of this JSEP work unit is to...F. Noxon, J. Chem. Phy., S2. 1852 (1970). Vibrational, Rotational, and Translational Excitation of 3 R. L Donovan. D. Husain, L. Kirsch . Trans

  15. Evaluation of the Adult Goldfish Brain as a Model for the Study of Progenitor Cells (United States)


    of the Valvula Cerebelli (Lobus Caudalis Cerebelli, Stratum Moleculare) LRN Lateral Recess Nucleus (Nucleus of the Lateral Recess) LOT Lateral...found the presence of “matrix tissue” to be necessary for regeneration. Marón [79], investigated regeneration in another teleost, guppy or...brain structures. Dating back to 1967, Kirsche [78] described matrix zones within the brains of the guppy , carp, and ide. These matrix zones were

  16. Defining the Role of Public Health in Disaster Recovery: An Evaluation of State Public Health Planning Efforts (United States)


    Brahmbhatt , Jennifer L. Chan, Edbert B. Hsu,Hani Mowafi, Thomas D. Kirsch, Asma Quereshi P. Gregg Greenough, “Public Health Preparedness of Post-Katrina...are not covered by Medicaid or private insurance.73 Recently, the Deepwater Horizon oil spill in the Gulf of Mexico highlighted gaps in...reference to specific states was to name those states (Gulf of Mexico and Atlantic states from Texas through Virginia) that were included in the

  17. User Identification and Characterization From Web Browsing Behavior (United States)


    User Identification and Characterization From Web Browsing Behavior Kevin Kwok Science and Engineering Apprenticeship Program Annandale High School...Approved for public release; distribution unlimited 13. SUPPLEMENTARY NOTES Science and Engineering Apprenticeship Program (SEAP), 2012. 14. ABSTRACT... Cognitive Science, 26(1):113 – 146, 2002. [10] T. Starner, S. Mann, B. Rhodes, J. Levine, J. Healey, D. Kirsch, R.W. Picard, and A. Pentland. Augmented

  18. Research & Development Challenges for Regional Stability and Capacity Building (United States)


    Defense Robert Perito U.S. Institute of Peace Douglas Menarchik U.S. Agency for International Development Calestous Juma Harvard University...Ronald Poropatich Rebecca Goolsby Michelle Hughes Robert Popp Spanky Kirsch Department of Defense Beth DeGrasse Paul Hughes United States...Institute of Peace Shana Dale William Jeffrey Carol Burns Office of Science and Technology Policy Dayton Maxwell Edward Malloy U.S. Agency

  19. What is the impact of different spirometric criteria on the prevalence of spirometrically defined COPD and its comorbidities? Results from the population-based KORA study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karrasch S


    Full Text Available Stefan Karrasch,1–3 Irene Brüske,1 Maia P Smith,1 Barbara Thorand,4 Cornelia Huth,4,5 Karl-Heinz Ladwig,4 Florian Kronenberg,6 Joachim Heinrich,1,7 Rolf Holle,8 Annette Peters,4 Holger Schulz1,7 1Institute of Epidemiology I, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, 2Institute and Outpatient Clinic for Occupational, Social and Environmental Medicine, Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, 3Institute of General Practice, University Hospital Klinikum rechts der Isar, Technische Universität München, Munich, 4Institute of Epidemiology II, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, 5German Center for Diabetes Research (DZD, Munich/Neuherberg, Germany; 6Division of Genetic Epidemiology, Department of Medical Genetics, Molecular and Clinical Pharmacology, Medical University of Innsbruck, Innsbruck, Austria; 7Comprehensive Pneumology Center Munich (CPC-M, Member of the German Center for Lung Research, 8Institute of Health Economics and Health Care Management, Helmholtz Zentrum München, German Research Center for Environmental Health, Neuherberg, Germany Background: There is an ongoing debate about the appropriate spirometric criterion for airway obstruction to detect COPD. Furthermore, the association of different criteria with comorbidity prevalence and inflammatory biomarkers in advanced age is unclear.Materials and methods: Spirometry was performed in a population-based study (n=2,256 covering an age range of 41–90 years. COPD was spirometrically determined either by a fixed ratio (FR of <0.7 for forced expiratory volume in 1 second (FEV1/forced vital capacity (FVC or by FEV1/FVC below the lower limit of normal (LLN. Comorbidity prevalences and circulating biomarker levels (C-reactive protein [CRP], interleukin [IL]-6 were compared between subjects with or without COPD by the two criteria using logistic and multiple regression models, adjusting for sex and

  20. The European Science Foundation (ESF) Network SEDIFLUX — An introduction and overview (United States)

    Beylich, Achim A.; Etienne, Samuel; Etzelmüller, Bernd; Gordeev, Vyacheslav V.; Käyhkö, Jukka; Rachold, Volker; Russell, Andrew J.; Schmidt, Karl-Heinz; Sæmundsson, Þorsteinn; Tweed, Fiona S.; Warburton, Jeff


    Climate change will cause major changes in the Earth surface systems, especially in high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments. Geomorphological processes operating at the Earth's surface, transferring sediments and changing landforms are dependent on climate and will be significantly affected by climate change. More reliable modelling of sediment transfer processes operating under present-day climatic settings is needed to determine the consequences of climate change. It is necessary to collect and to compare data and knowledge from a wide range of different high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments and to develop more standardized methods and approaches for future research on sediment fluxes and relationships between climate and sedimentary transfer processes. In Europe, the wide range of high-latitude and high-altitude cold environments provides great potential to investigate climate-process relationships and to model the effects of climate change by using space for time substitution. The European Science Foundation (ESF) Network (01.01.2004-31.12.2006) "Sedimentary Source-to-Sink-Fluxes in Cold Environments" ( SEDIFLUX) is bringing together leading scientists, young scientists and research teams from different fields. SEDIFLUX forms a framework for an integrated and multidisciplinary investigation of the addressed topic and is a major catalyst for strengthening and extending contacts, collaborative research activities and mobility of scientists in Europe. It also points to areas within Europe that would benefit from wider research collaboration (e.g. Russia, Poland). The SEDIFLUX Steering Committee consists of scientists from seven European countries: Achim A. Beylich, Co-ordinator of SEDIFLUX (Trondheim, Norway), Samuel Etienne (Clermont-Ferrand, France), Bernd Etzelmüller (Oslo, Norway), Vyacheslav V. Gordeev (Moscow, Russia), Jukka Käyhkö (Turku, Finland), Volker Rachold (Potsdam, Germany), Andrew J. Russell (Newcastle, England, UK), Karl-Heinz

  1. PREFACE: ARENA 2006—Acoustic and Radio EeV Neutrino detection Activities (United States)

    Thompson, Lee


    . Thompson, SheffieldF. Vannucci, Paris Local Organizing Committee S. Danaher, NorthumbriaC. Rhodes, Imperial College London J. Perkin, SheffieldT. Sloan, Lancaster L. Thompson, SheffieldD. Waters, University College London Participants Joseph Allen, Northumbria University, UK Miguel Ardid, Univ. Polit. de Valencia, Spain Thomas Asch, IPE, FZKa, Germany Karl-Heinz Becker, BU Wuppertal, Germany Dave Besson, U. of Kansas, USA Simon Bevan, University College London, UK Manuel Bou Cabo, Politecnic University Valencia, Spain Sebastian Böser, DESY Zeuthen, Germany Antonio Capone, University La Sapienza and INFN, Italy Paula Chadwick, University of Durham, UK Masami Chiba, Tokyo Metropolitan University, Japan Amy Connolly, UCLA, USA Sean Danaher, Northumbria University, UK Giulia De Bonis, Univ. Rome `La Sapienza', Italy Freija Descamps, University of Gent, BelgiumKay Graf, University of Erlangen, Germany Andreas Haungs, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany Kara Hoffman, University of Maryland, USA Stephen Hoover, UCLA, USA Tim Huege, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany Paula Gina Isar, Forschungszentrum Karlsruhe, Germany Timo Karg, BU Wuppertal, Germany Johannes Knapp, University of Leeds, UK Robert Lahmann, University of Erlangen, Germany Mark Lancaster, University College London, UK Vladimir Lyashuk, ITEP, Russia Radovan Milincic, University of Hawaii at Manoa, USA Rolf Nahnhauer, DESY, Zeuthen, Germany Christopher Naumann, University of Erlangen, Germany Valentin Niess, CPPM Jonathan Perkin, University of Sheffield, UK Steve Ralph, University of Sheffield, UK Christopher Rhodes, Imperial College London, UK Carsten Richardt, University of Erlangen, Germany Karsten Salomon, University of Erlangen, Germany Olaf Scholten, KVI/University of Groningen, Netherlands Terry Sloan, University of Lancaster, UK Pierre Sokolsky, University of Utah, USA Lee Thompson, University of Sheffield, UK Omar Veledar, Northumbria University, UK David Waters, UCL, USA Dawn Williams, Pennsylvania

  2. The role of global in-use material stocks in the course of the socio-metabolic transition, from 1900 -2009 (United States)

    Wiedenhofer, Dominik; Lauk, Christian; Fishman, Tomer; Tanikawa, Hiroki; Eisenmenger, Nina; Krausmann, Fridolin


    further research & data requirements for improved stock estimations, b) discuss possible ranges of global material stocks in use and c) give an outlook on regionalized stock modelling exercises. In conclusion, we reflect on quantitative long term developments of global material stocks and discuss the relation of economic development and stocks. We finalize with reflections on the role of in-use stocks in ongoing socio-ecological transitions into the fossil-fuel based regime as well as implications for more sustainable resource use strategies in the light of the need for a new transition towards sustainability. Literature cited: Krausmann, Fridolin, Simone Gingrich, Nina Eisenmenger, Karl-Heinz Erb, Helmut Haberl, and Marina Fischer-Kowalski. "Growth in Global Materials Use, GDP and Population during the 20th Century." Ecological Economics 68, no. 10 (2009): 2696-2705. doi:10.1016/j.ecolecon.2009.05.007.

  3. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Raymond L. Bryant


    Full Text Available - R.H. Barnes, Janet Hoskins, Biographical objects; How things tell the stories of people’s lives. London: Routledge, 1998, x + 213 pp. - Peter Boomgaard, Ann Kumar, Java and modern Europe; Ambiguous encounters. Richmond, Surrey: Curzon, 1997, vii + 472 pp. - Peter Boomgaard, Lenore Manderson, Sickness and the state; Health and illness in colonial Malaya, 1870-1940. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1996, xix + 315 pp. - Matthew Isaac Cohen, Bambang Widoyo, Gapit; 4 naskah drama berbahasa Jawa: Rol, Leng, Tuk dan Dom. Yogyakarta: Yayasan Benteng Budaya, 1998, xiv + 302 pp. - James T. Collins, Bernd Nothofer, Reconstruction, classification, description; Festschrift in honor of Isidore Dyen. Hamburg: Abera, 1996, xiv + 259 pp. - J.R. Flenley, Kristina R.M. Beuning, Modern pollen rain, vegetation and climate in lowland East Java, Indonesia. Rotterdam: Balkema, 1996, 51 pp. + 49 plates. [Modern Quaternary Research in Southeast Asia 14.] - Gregory Forth, Karl-Heinze Kohl, Der Tod der Riesjungfrau; Mythen, Kulte und Allianzen in einer ostindonesischen Lokalkultur. Stuttgart: Kohlhammer, 1998, 304 pp. [Religionsethnologische Studien des Frobenius-Instituts Frankfurt am Main, Band I.] - J. van Goor, Brook Barrington, Empires, imperialism and Southeast Asia; Essays in honour of Nicholas Tarling. Clayton, Victoria: Monash Asia Institute, 1997, v + 250 pp. [Monash Papers on Southeast Asia 43.] - Mies Grijns, Penny van Esterik, Women of Southeast Asia. DeKalb: Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Northern Illinois University, 1996, xiv + 229 pp. ‘Monographs on Southeast Asia, Occasional Paper 17; Second, revised edition.] - Hans Hagerdal, Alfons van der Kraan, Bali at war; A history of the Dutch-Balinese conflict of 1846-49. Clayton, Victoria: Centre of Southeast Asian Studies, Monash University, 1995, x + 240 pp. [Monash Papers on Southeast Asia 34]. - Volker Heeschen, Jurg Wassmann, Das Ideal des leicht gebeugten Menschen; Eine ethnokognitive

  4. Readability, complexity, and suitability of online resources for mastectomy and lumpectomy. (United States)

    Tran, Bao Ngoc N; Singh, Mansher; Singhal, Dhruv; Rudd, Rima; Lee, Bernard T


    Nearly half of American adults have low or marginal health literacy. This negatively affects patients' participation, decision-making, satisfaction, and overall outcomes especially when there is a mismatch between information provided and the skills of the intended audience. Recommendations that patient information be written below the sixth grade level have been made for over three decades. This study compares online resources for mastectomy versus lumpectomy using expanded metrics including readability level, complexity, and density of data and overall suitability for public consumption. The 10 highest ranked Web sites for mastectomy and lumpectomy were identified using the largest Internet engine (Google). Each Web site was assessed for readability (Simple Measure of Gobbledygook), complexity (PMOSE/iKIRSCH), and suitability (Suitability Assessment of Materials). Scores were analyzed by each Web site and overall. Readability analysis showed a significant reading grade level difference between mastectomy and lumpectomy online information (15.4 and 13.9, P = 0.04, respectively). Complexity analysis via PMOSE/iKIRSCH revealed a mean score of 6.5 for mastectomy materials corresponding to "low" complexity and eighth to 12(th) grade education. Lumpectomy literature had a lower PMOSE/iKIRSCH score of 5.8 corresponding to a "very low" complexity and fourth to eighth grade education (P = 0.05). Suitability assessment showed mean values of 41% and 46% (P = 0.83) labeled as the lowest level of "adequacy" for mastectomy and lumpectomy materials, respectively. Inter-rater reliability was high for both complexity and suitability analysis. Online resources for the surgical treatment of breast cancer are above the recommended reading grade level. The suitability level is barely adequate indicating a need for revision. Online resources for mastectomy have a higher reading grade level than do materials for lumpectomy and tend to be more complex. Copyright © 2017 Elsevier

  5. Editorial Commentary: Role of Synovial Biomarkers in Patient Outcomes After Knee Arthroscopy. (United States)

    Brand, Jefferson C


    Humans are notably poor at predicting event outcomes. In "Correlation of Synovial Fluid Biomarkers With Cartilage Pathology and Associated Outcomes in Knee Arthroscopy," Cuellar, Cuellar, Kirsch, and Strauss show that some synovial fluid biomarkers (20 were sampled for the investigation) may predict operative findings at the time of arthroscopy and patient-reported outcome measures at follow-up. Further research will clarify the role of synovial biomarkers in knee pathology and, hopefully, narrow the choices to one or two pertinent markers that can be used to improve our ability to predict outcomes from arthroscopic knee surgery.

  6. An Assessment of the Use of Antimisting Fuel in Turbofan Engines. (United States)


    rat, wor’ w ti r hmamc vf rotr in the ’.iippl1y I ThE’ f U’ ’.mjOp y 4f ir’. ttrro’’t if ’Hir, 1( 1 f t t, pcr’at irv thiirmoiio upl,’-, ird !! If...Westfield FAA Technical Center (2) Eugene Klueg ACT 320 (2) Gary Frings Atlantic City Airport, NJ 09405 ,(2) Dick Kirsch FAA Tom Horeff 800... Irving Fagin FAA AFS-105 800 Independence Avenue S.W. Washington, DC 20591 (40) T. Fiorentino Pratt & Whitney Aircraft Group Commercial Products Division

  7. A Summary of the Naval Postgraduate School Research Program. (United States)


    D.R., and Kirsch R.A. A relational information resource dictionary system. Communications of the ACI, Forthcoming. Conference Dolk, D.R. and Noel, A.F...national oiicy. -onfe-ence *Prpspntatiorw M in irv , on f een. e it ,)Ir tm, rn . ’:0.,." -p -I. S* v- *- .. ,.. %*** -p ~ .- - DEPARTME NT * -, I OF...al1- siua o.The- simuLIat ion used a IleNe I isi ,l I nt t ht. t i r i W1ve lngt h were ,calIed . Pt-ses Di r c( t el I,; irv I.. Icain, ’’lasecr

  8. Investigations of Photovoltaic Ferroelectric-Semiconductor Nonvolatile Memory. (United States)



  9. On Calibrations Using the Crab Nebula as a Standard Candle (United States)

    Weisskopf, Martin; Guainazzi, Matteo; Jahoda, Keith; Shaposhnikov, Nikolai; ODell, Stephen; Zavlin, Vyacheslav; Wilson-Hodge, Colleen; Elsner, Ronald


    Inspired by a recent paper (Kirsch et al. 2005) on possible use of the Crab Nebula as a standard candle for calibrating X-ray response func tions, we examine possible consequences of intrinsic departures from a single (absorbed) power law upon such calibrations. We limited our analyses to three more modern X-ray instruments -- the ROSAT/PSPC, th e RXTE/PCA, and the XMM-Newton/EPIC-pn. The results are unexpected an d indicate a need to refine two of the three response functions studi ed. The implications for Chandra will be discussed.

  10. A revision of the genus Kaszabister Mazur (Histeridae, Histerinae, Exosternini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nicolas Degallier


    Full Text Available We revise the four species of Kaszabister Mazur, 1972, one of which, Kaszabister barrigai sp. n., is described as new. The other species in the genus are K. rubellus (Erichson, 1834, K. ferrugineus (Kirsch, 1873 and K. carinatus (Lewis, 1888. The species are principally known from the subtropics of South America, with one in Central America. Lectotypes are designated for K. rubellus and K. ferrugineus, and a key is provided for all the species. Ants of the genus Solenopsis Westwood, mainly S. invicta Buren and S. saevissima (Smith, are documented as hosts of three of the four species.

  11. Analysis of Atom-Interferometer Clocks (United States)


    particle has been mostly ignored [3]. But in recent years it has appeared in the literature with claims that the redshift of the Compton oscillation... literature it has been claimed that ω0 does not correspond to a physical oscillation, with the points being made that it is not Doppler shifted to an...Peters, and S. Chu, Nature (London) 463, 926 (2010). [5] P. Catillon, N. Cue, M. J. Gaillard, R. Genre , M. Gouanère, R. G. Kirsch, J. C. Poizat, J

  12. Development of Genetic Therapies for the Hemidesmosol Subtypes of Junction Epidermolysis Bullosa (United States)


    a grant from the Steven and Michelle Kirsch Foundation to continue working on the mechanisms underlying epithelial reprogramming of skin. 3. In...Sciences PUBLICATIONS 1. Boyd, C.D., Weliky, K., Toth-Fejel, S-E., Deak, S.B., Christiano, A.M., Mackenzie, J.W. Sandell , L.J., Tryggvason, K. and Magenis, E...Epidermolysis Bullosa: Absence of a Nonsense Mutation in the a3 Chain Gene of Laminin 5 (LAMA3). Genomics 29:282-284. 43. Olson, T.M., Michels , V.V., Urban, Z

  13. Explicit and Efficient Hash Families Suffice for Cuckoo Hashing with a Stash

    CERN Document Server

    Aumüller, Martin; Woelfel, Philipp


    It is shown that for cuckoo hashing with a stash as proposed by Kirsch, Mitzenmacher, and Wieder (2008) families of very simple hash functions can be used, maintaining the favorable performance guarantees: with stash size $s$ the probability of a rehash is $O(1/n^{s+1})$, and the evaluation time is $O(s)$. Instead of the full randomness needed for the analysis of Kirsch et al. and of Kutzelnigg (2010) (resp. $\\Theta(\\log n)$-wise independence for standard cuckoo hashing) the new approach even works with 2-wise independent hash families as building blocks. Both construction and analysis build upon the work of Dietzfelbinger and Woelfel (2003). The analysis, which can also be applied to the fully random case, utilizes a graph counting argument and is much simpler than previous proofs. As a byproduct, an algorithm for simulating uniform hashing is obtained. While it requires about twice as much space as the most space efficient solutions, it is attractive because of its simple and direct structure.

  14. Unravelling the Mystery of Massive Star Birth - All Stars are Born the Same Way (United States)


    of a screw on the International Space Station, or more than ten times the resolution possible with current visible-light telescopes in space. With this unique capability, complemented by observations done with another of ESO's telescopes, the 3.58-metre New Technology Telescope at La Silla, Kraus and colleagues were able to detect a disc around IRAS 13481-6124. "This is the first time we could image the inner regions of the disc around a massive young star", says Kraus. "Our observations show that formation works the same for all stars, regardless of mass." The astronomers conclude that the system is about 60 000 years old, and that the star has reached its final mass. Because of the intense light of the star - 30 000 times more luminous than our Sun - the disc will soon start to evaporate. The flared disc extends to about 130 times the Earth-Sun distance - or 130 astronomical units (AU) - and has a mass similar to that of the star, roughly twenty times the Sun. In addition, the inner parts of the disc are shown to be devoid of dust. "Further observations with the Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array (ALMA), currently being constructed in Chile, could provide much information on these inner parts, and allow us to better understand how baby massive stars became heavy," concludes Kraus. More information This research was presented in a paper to appear in this week issue of Nature ("A hot compact dust disk around a massive young stellar object", by S. Kraus et al.). The team is composed of Stefan Kraus (University of Michigan, USA), Karl-Heinz Hofmann, Karl M. Menten, Dieter Schertl, Gerd Weigelt, Friedrich Wyrowski, and Anthony Meilland (Max-Planck-Institut für Radioastronomie, Bonn, Germany),Karine Perraut (Laboratoire d'Astrophysique de Grenoble, France), Romain Petrov and Sylvie Robbe-Dubois (Université de Nice Sophia-Antipolis/CNRS/Observatoire de la Côte d'Azur, France), Peter Schilke (Universität zu Köln, Germany), and Leonardo Testi (ESO).

  15. Evidence Study Guide. (United States)


    34idt l o aggravation. ,t MY ew it pt (A , ,,,, 0 *" ,f ’-’, . ’ p, ug. 1 *Wi toflly viI , )r Ibth; 4) irV ~llmYM ’a ,’ 2 ., 1i ,,ft’.1-, *q 4.,*. ~f...8217 ’,’.’ ’. . . .. ,. - . . . . . . . . "- Irv 77 i 1W W WW 1 WRr %’ J1 -- M, W - a. Search of the person. Mil.R.Evid. 314(g)(1). A.% 11 % % (1) A full search of the person...persorunel accused of offenses cognizable by court- martial may be granted immunity by the appropriate GCM convening authority. United States v. Kirsch , 15

  16. Automaticity and hypnosis: a sociocognitive account. (United States)

    Lynn, S J


    This article provides an overview of a new theory of suggested involuntariness in hypnosis, developed in conjunction with Irving Kirsch. The theory is based on the following ideas. First, high hypnotizable participants enter hypnosis with a conscious intention to feel and behave in line with suggested experiences and movements. Second, people who are easily hypnotized hold firm expectations that they will succeed in following the suggestions of the hypnotist. Third, the intention and expectation in turn function as response sets in the sense that they trigger the hypnotic response automatically. Fourth, given the intention to feel and behave in line with the hypnotist's suggestions, hypnotized individuals show no hesitation to experience the suggested movements as involuntary because (a) these movements are actually triggered automatically, and (b) the intention to cooperate with the hypnotist as well as the expectation to be able to do so create a heightened readiness to experience these actions as involuntary.

  17. Suggestibility, expectancy, trance state effects, and hypnotic depth: I. Implications for understanding hypnotism. (United States)

    Pekala, Ronald J; Kumar, V K; Maurer, Ronald; Elliott-Carter, Nancy; Moon, Edward; Mullen, Karen


    This paper reviews the relationships between trance or altered state effects, suggestibility, and expectancy as these concepts are defined in the theorizing of Weitzenhoffer (2002), Holroyd (2003), Kirsch (1991), and others, for the purpose of demonstrating how these concepts can be assessed with the PCI-HAP (Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory: Hypnotic Assessment Procedure; Pekala, 1995a, b). In addition, how the aforementioned variables may relate to the nature of hypnosis/hypnotism as a function of self-reported hypnotic depth are discussed, along with how the PCI-HAP may be used as a means to measure hypnotic responsivity from a more phenomenological state perspective, in contrast to more traditional behavioral trait assessment instruments like the Harvard, the Stanford C, or the HIP. A follow-up paper (Pekala, Kumar, Maurer, Elliott-Carter, Moon, & Mullen, 2010) will present research data on the PCI-HAP model and how this model can be useful for better understanding hypnotism.

  18. Placebo versus "standard" hypnosis rationale: attitudes, expectancies, hypnotic responses, and experiences. (United States)

    Accardi, Michelle; Cleere, Colleen; Lynn, Steven Jay; Kirsch, Irving


    In this study participants were provided with either the standard rationale that accompanies the Harvard Group Scale of Hypnotic Susceptibility: A (Shor & Orne, 1962) or a rationale that presented hypnosis as a nondeceptive placebo, consistent with Kirsch's (1994) sociocognitive perspective of hypnosis. The effects of the placebo and standard rationales were highly comparable with respect to hypnotic attitudes; prehypnotic expectancies; objective, subjective, and involuntariness measures of hypnotic responding; as well as a variety of subjective experiences during hypnosis, as measured by the Phenomenology of Consciousness Inventory (Pekala, 1982). Differences among correlations were not evident when measures were compared across groups. However, indices of hypnotic responding were correlated with attitudes in the hypnosis but not the placebo condition, and, generally speaking, the link between subjective experiences during hypnosis and measures of hypnotic responding were more reliable in the placebo than the hypnosis group. Researcher findings are neutral with respect to providing support for altered state versus sociocognitive models of hypnosis.

  19. Point sources and multipoles in inverse scattering theory

    CERN Document Server

    Potthast, Roland


    Over the last twenty years, the growing availability of computing power has had an enormous impact on the classical fields of direct and inverse scattering. The study of inverse scattering, in particular, has developed rapidly with the ability to perform computational simulations of scattering processes and led to remarkable advances in a range of applications, from medical imaging and radar to remote sensing and seismic exploration. Point Sources and Multipoles in Inverse Scattering Theory provides a survey of recent developments in inverse acoustic and electromagnetic scattering theory. Focusing on methods developed over the last six years by Colton, Kirsch, and the author, this treatment uses point sources combined with several far-reaching techniques to obtain qualitative reconstruction methods. The author addresses questions of uniqueness, stability, and reconstructions for both two-and three-dimensional problems.With interest in extracting information about an object through scattered waves at an all-ti...

  20. Profitable failure: antidepressant drugs and the triumph of flawed experiments. (United States)

    McGoey, Linsey


    Drawing on an analysis of Irving Kirsch and colleagues' controversial 2008 article in "PLoS [Public Library of Science] Magazine" on the efficacy of SSRI antidepressant drugs such as Prozac, I examine flaws within the methodologies of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) that have made it difficult for regulators, clinicians and patients to determine the therapeutic value of this class of drug. I then argue, drawing analogies to work by Pierre Bourdieu and Michael Power, that it is the very limitations of RCTs -- their inadequacies in producing reliable evidence of clinical effects -- that help to strengthen assumptions of their superiority as methodological tools. Finally, I suggest that the case of RCTs helps to explore the question of why failure is often useful in consolidating the authority of those who have presided over that failure, and why systems widely recognized to be ineffective tend to assume greater authority at the very moment when people speak of their malfunction.

  1. A review of the weevil fauna (Coleoptera, Curculionoidea of Araucaria angustifolia (Bert. O. Kuntze (Araucariaceae in South Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roland Mecke


    Full Text Available The beetle superfamily Curculionoidea includes 43 species associated with Araucaria angustifolia trees in South Brazil. These weevil species belong to the families Nemonychidae (Brarus Kuschel, 1997, Rhynchitoplesius Voss, 1952, Brentidae (Taphroderes Schönherr, 1826 and Curculionidae, the latter including the subfamilies Curculioninae (Heilipodus Kuschel, 1955, Spermologus Schönherr, 1843, Cossoninae (Araucarius Kuschel, 1966, Eurycorynophorus Voss, 1964, Scolytinae (Ambrosiodmus Hopkins, 1915, Araptus Eichhoff, 1871, Cnesinus LeConte, 1868, Corthylus Erichson, 1836, Cryptocarenus Eggers, 1936, Hypothenemus Westwood, 1834, Monarthrum Kirsch, 1866, Pagiocerus Eichhoff, 1868, Phloeotribus Latreille, 1896, Pityophthorus Eichhoff, 1864, Xylechinosomus Schedl, 1963, Xyleborus Eichhoff, 1864, Xyleborinus Reitter, 1913 and Platypodinae (Cenocephalus Chapuis, 1865, Platypus Herbst, 1893, Tesserocerus Saunders, 1836. A checklist of all species including remarks on their life histories and taxonomic notes are presented. In addition, a key for the identification of adult Curculionoidea associated with Araucaria angustifolia to genus or species level is provided.A superfamília Curculionoidea compreende 43 espécies associadas à Araucaria angustifolia no sul do Brasil. As espécies destes gorgulhos pertencem às famílias Nemonychidae (Brarus Kuschel, 1997, Rhynchitoplesius Voss, 1952, Brentidae (Taphroderes Schönherr, 1826 e Curculionidae, (Curculioninae: Heilipodus Kuschel, 1955, Spermologus Schönherr, 1843; Cossoninae: Araucarius Kuschel, 1966, Eurycorynophorus Voss, 1964; Scolytinae: Ambrosiodmus Hopkins, 1915, Araptus Eichhoff, 1871, Cnesinus LeConte, 1868, Corthylus Erichson, 1836, Cryptocarenus Eggers, 1936, Hypothenemus Westwood, 1834, Monarthrum Kirsch, 1866, Pagiocerus Eichhoff, 1868, Phloeotribus Latreille, 1896, Pityophthorus Eichhoff, 1864, Xylechinosomus Schedl, 1963, Xyleborus Eichhoff, 1864, Xyleborinus Reitter, 1913; Platypodinae

  2. Revisão sistemática, análise cladística e biogeografia dos gêneros Tribotropis e Hypselotropis (Coleoptera, Anthribidae, Anthribinae, Ptychoderini Systematic revision, cladistic analysis and biogeography of the genera Tribotropis and Hypselotropis (Coleoptera, Anthribidae, Anthribinae, Ptychoderini

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    José Ricardo M. Mermudes


    Full Text Available Os gêneros Tribotropis Jekel, 1855 e Hypselotropis Jekel, 1855 são revisados. Com base nos resultados da análise cladística que incluiu 41caracteres e 22 táxons, o gênero Tribotropis é parafilético com relação a Hypselotropis, desta forma apresenta-se a proposta de sinonímia de Tribotropis syn. nov., sinônimo júnior. O gênero Hypselotropis, sinônimo sênior, e 17 espécies são redescritos, incluindo as espécies anteriormente alocadas em Tribotropis: Hypselotropis apollinaris (Jordan, 1939 comb. nov.; H. colombiana (Mermudes, 2004 comb. nov.; H. compressicornis (Jordan, 1895 comb. nov.; H. conicollis (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. limodes (Jordan, 1939 com. nov.; H. prasinata (Fahraeus, 1839 comb. nov.; H. punctulata (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. pustulata (Fabricius, 1801 comb. nov; H. speciosa (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. subvittata (Jordan, 1937 comb. nov.; H. suffusa (Jordan, 1895 comb. nov.; e H. vittata (Kirsch, 1889 comb. nov. Chave para identificação das espécies, ilustrações e mapas de distribuição são fornecidos. A biogeografia baseada nos padrões de distribuição das espécies é discutida.The genera Tribotropis Jekel, 1855 and Hypselotropis Jekel, 1855 are revised. Based on results of cladistic analysis that included 41 characters and 22 taxa, the genus Tribotropis resulted paraphyletic in relation to Hypselotropis, thus the former is proposed as a synonym of the latter. The genus Hypselotropis and 17 species are redescribed, including the species previously allocated in Tribotropis: Hypselotropis apollinaris (Jordan, 1939 comb. nov.; H. colombiana (Mermudes, 2004 comb. nov.; H. compressicornis (Jordan, 1895 comb. nov.; H. conicollis (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. limodes (Jordan, 1939 com. nov.; H. prasinata (Fahraeus, 1839 comb. nov.; H. punctulata (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. pustulata (Fabricius, 1801 comb. nov; H. speciosa (Jekel, 1855 comb. nov.; H. subvittata (Jordan, 1937 comb. nov.; H. suffusa (Jordan, 1895

  3. Schriftstellerinnen der DDR und feministisches Bewußtsein im Staatssozialismus GDR Women Authors and Feminist Consciousness During State Socialism

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kaufmann


    Full Text Available Seit den 1960er Jahren produzierten Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR wie Christa Wolf, Irmtraud Morgner, Sarah Kirsch, Brigitte Reimann, Charlotte Worgitzky, Lia Pirskawetz, und Maya Wiens eine vielfältige Literatur zu frauenrelevanten Themen. Den Obertitel „The Promised Land“ (das gelobte Land hat Lorna Martens Irmtraud Morgner entlehnt, der Autorin, die sie neben Christa Wolf als wichtigste Zeugin für „feminist writing“ in der DDR betrachtet. In Morgners Roman Leben und Abenteuer der Trobadora Beatriz steht der Begriff „gelobtes Land“ bezogen auf die DDR in einem ironischen Zusammenhang. Mit simplem Jaja oder Neinnein ist diesem „Ort des Wunderbaren“ (Morgner nicht beizukommen. Vergleichbares signalisiert auch das Fragezeichen, das Martens hinter den Begriff „Promised Land“ setzt. Der anspielungsreiche Verweis auf das Land erscheint auch insofern nützlich, als die Eigenart feministischen Schreibens genauer zu fassen ist, wenn über das Land selbst, namentlich seine Frauenpolitik, Auskünfte gegeben werden. Lorna Martens möchte herausfinden, wie Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR feministisches Bewusstsein artikuliert haben, d.h. feministisches Bewusstsein unter den vom Staatssozialismus geschaffenen Bedingungen.From the 1960s on, women writers in the German Democratic Republic (GDR, including Christa Wolf, Irmtraud Morgner, Sarah Kirsch, Brigitte Reimann, Charlotte Worgitzky, Lia Pirskawetz, and Maya Wiens, produced a large body of writing on women’s issues. Martens wants to investigate how these women authors in the GDR have articulated their feminist consciousness under the conditions of state socialism. Martens’ use of the title The Promised Land is an allusion to a book by Irmtraud Morgner, an author whom, along with Christa Wolf, Martens considers one of the most important witnesses of feminist writing in the GDR. In Morgner’s book The Life and Adventures of Troubadour Beatriz the term “promised land” is being

  4. Deterministic object tracking using Gaussian ringlet and directional edge features (United States)

    Krieger, Evan W.; Sidike, Paheding; Aspiras, Theus; Asari, Vijayan K.


    Challenges currently existing for intensity-based histogram feature tracking methods in wide area motion imagery (WAMI) data include object structural information distortions, background variations, and object scale change. These issues are caused by different pavement or ground types and from changing the sensor or altitude. All of these challenges need to be overcome in order to have a robust object tracker, while attaining a computation time appropriate for real-time processing. To achieve this, we present a novel method, Directional Ringlet Intensity Feature Transform (DRIFT), which employs Kirsch kernel filtering for edge features and a ringlet feature mapping for rotational invariance. The method also includes an automatic scale change component to obtain accurate object boundaries and improvements for lowering computation times. We evaluated the DRIFT algorithm on two challenging WAMI datasets, namely Columbus Large Image Format (CLIF) and Large Area Image Recorder (LAIR), to evaluate its robustness and efficiency. Additional evaluations on general tracking video sequences are performed using the Visual Tracker Benchmark and Visual Object Tracking 2014 databases to demonstrate the algorithms ability with additional challenges in long complex sequences including scale change. Experimental results show that the proposed approach yields competitive results compared to state-of-the-art object tracking methods on the testing datasets.

  5. Analysis of pomological traits in new promising sweet cherry genotypes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Fotirić-Akšić Milica


    Full Text Available Sweet cherry breeding programs are interested in developing new cultivars that are very early or very late in ripening, high yielding, with excellent fruit size and quality. The aim of this study was to evaluate new, promising, sweet cherry genotypes (G-1 and G-2 for ripening time, fruit morphology and fruit chemical content, and compare it with the standard sweet cherry cultivars (Bigarreau Jaboulay, B. H. Burlat, Seneca, Hedelfiger Riesenkirsche, Germersdorfer Grosse Kirsche, Emperor Francis and Bing. Experiment was done during four consecutive years (2006-2009 in Grocka, near Belgrade. The earliest fruit ripening was recorded in G-2 (22nd April while the latest in `Bing` (2nd June. Fruit weight varied from 5.83 g (G-2 up to 8.93 g (G-1. Soluble solid content and total sugar content were the lowest in genotype G-2 (10.48%; 8.45%, respectively but the highest in Emperor Francis (18.28%; 15.98%, respectively. No matter the fact that some standard cultivars showed better results for some traits, genotypes G-1 and G-2 are considered very promising. So, genotype G-1 could be intended for table consumption since it ripens 2-3 days after cv. B. H. Burlat, but have much higher fruit weight. Also, genotype G-2, the earliest in this trial, showed satisfactory fruit weight for this ripening time, which makes it very interesting for fresh market production. [Projekat Ministarstva nauke Republike Srbije, br. 31063 i br. 31038

  6. Treatment of Speech Difficulties and Body Tics Secondary to Childhood Sexual Trauma through a Combination of Hypnotic Age Regression and Therapeutic Coaching: A Case Report

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Joseph Tramontana


    Full Text Available For years, when describing his therapeutic use of hypnosis to individual clients or in various presentations to professionals, the present author has referred to hypnosis as a “tool through which therapeutic change can be enhanced.” One such presentation was titled “Hypnosis as an Adjunct to Psychotherapy” [1]. In his book on hypnotically enhanced treatment for addictions [2] and various CEU workshops to ASCH and other groups [3-6] on addictions, and more recently one specifically on treatment for gambling addiction [7], he stressed that many therapies could be enhanced when presented hypnotically. Examples include cognitive behavioral approaches (CBT [8]; Yapko [9] described treatment of depression integrating CBT and hypnosis. CBT, Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT, 12-step programs, healing the wounded child within, and others have been utilized in combination with hypnosis by the present author. One publication combining hypnosis with other therapies is titled “Hypnotic systematic desensitization” [10]. In an article on hypnotic approaches to chronic pain management, Jensen and Patterson [11] referred to a meta-analysis by Kirsch et al. [8]. They referred to “the additive effects of hypnosis” when combined with other treatments.

  7. An abstract approach to some spectral problems of direct sum differential operators

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Maksim S. Sokolov


    Full Text Available In this paper, we study the common spectral properties of abstract self-adjoint direct sum operators, considered in a direct sum Hilbert space. Applications of such operators arise in the modelling of processes of multi-particle quantum mechanics, quantum field theory and, specifically, in multi-interval boundary problems of differential equations. We show that a direct sum operator does not depend in a straightforward manner on the separate operators involved. That is, on having a set of self-adjoint operators giving a direct sum operator, we show how the spectral representation for this operator depends on the spectral representations for the individual operators (the coordinate operators involved in forming this sum operator. In particular it is shown that this problem is not immediately solved by taking a direct sum of the spectral properties of the coordinate operators. Primarily, these results are to be applied to operators generated by a multi-interval quasi-differential system studied, in the earlier works of Ashurov, Everitt, Gesztezy, Kirsch, Markus and Zettl. The abstract approach in this paper indicates the need for further development of spectral theory for direct sum differential operators.

  8. Numerical computations of interior transmission eigenvalues for scattering objects with cavities (United States)

    Peters, Stefan; Kleefeld, Andreas


    In this article we extend the inside-outside duality for acoustic transmission eigenvalue problems by allowing scattering objects that may contain cavities. In this context we provide the functional analytical framework necessary to transfer the techniques that have been used in Kirsch and Lechleiter (2013 Inverse Problems, 29 104011) to derive the inside-outside duality. Additionally, extensive numerical results are presented to show that we are able to successfully detect interior transmission eigenvalues with the inside-outside duality approach for a variety of obstacles with and without cavities in three dimensions. In this context, we also discuss the advantages and disadvantages of the inside-outside duality approach from a numerical point of view. Furthermore we derive the integral equations necessary to extend the algorithm in Kleefeld (2013 Inverse Problems, 29 104012) to compute highly accurate interior transmission eigenvalues for scattering objects with cavities, which we will then use as reference values to examine the accuracy of the inside-outside duality algorithm.

  9. [Bogus contract between psychiatrists and patients with depression]. (United States)

    Ihara, Hiroshi


    Why are patients with depression so disappointed with their psychiatric treatment? One of the causes of their disappointment is a 'bogus contract' (Smith, 2001) between patients and psychiatrists. Patients tend to idealize modern psychiatry as if it could solve many of their problems, including social ones. Psychiatrists, however, know that modern psychiatry has limited powers and that they cannot solve all problems, especially social ones. There is a huge mismatch between what psychiatrists are trained for and what they are required to do. In fact, the biological model of depression is inadequate to help depressive patients, particularly patients with psycho-social problems. It has long been believed that antidepressant medications represent the best established treatment for major depressive disorder. Recent meta-analyses (Kirsch et al., 2008; Fournier et al., 2010), however, found little evidence that anti-depressants have a specific pharmacological effect relative to a pill placebo for patients with mild or moderate symptoms. This may be owing partly to the fact that depression is associated with ineluctable life events like separation, interpersonal conflicts, unexpected adversities, etc., that are central to being human. Both patients and psychiatrists should be aware of the limitations of psychiatric treatment. A more realistic relationship is required between patients and psychiatrists. Psychiatrists should be open about their limitations. Patients cannot leave social problems to psychiatrists. However, some chronically depressed patients may be capable of managing their social problems. In such cases, respecting patients' autonomy promotes clinical practice and prevents them from entering a state of chronic patienthood.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    S. V. Kalchuk


    Full Text Available The analysis of the current state the non-blasting monolith extraction technology was conducted. The further research direction was substantiated. Has been considered and justified the rational parameters of close-set drilling technology of dimension stones. Solution is offered that consist the combined drilling (a close-set and a holes line drilling, that provides to increase of stone splitting efficiency under its own weight. The calculation of the parameters of the scheme of partial underdrilling at a monolith of stone with the purpose of reducing the volume of drilling works is given. Diagrams of tensile stress changes depending on the specific area of splitting were built. A rational correlation between the drilling parameters of the holes has been established by solving the problems of loading the cantilever beam and stress concentration by the Kirsch solution. The most important parameter for the implementation of this technology is the ratio of monoloth hight to its length. Engineering formulas are proposed for calculating the technological parameters of the realization of the “gravitational-hole” stone splitting. The configuration of a rough block of stones is determined under which this technology can be realized. Creating of close-set holes provides the increase of maximal tensile stress with equal values of specific splitting area ratio. It is established that the effective drilling depth of close-set holes is 43,2 % of monolith height. It is estimated that combined drilling method application of savings from drilling operation will be 11,36 %.

  11. Schriftstellerinnen der DDR und feministisches Bewußtsein im Staatssozialismus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Eva Kaufmann


    Full Text Available Seit den 1960er Jahren produzierten Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR wie Christa Wolf, Irmtraud Morgner, Sarah Kirsch, Brigitte Reimann, Charlotte Worgitzky, Lia Pirskawetz, und Maya Wiens eine vielfältige Literatur zu frauenrelevanten Themen. Den Obertitel „The Promised Land“ (das gelobte Land hat Lorna Martens Irmtraud Morgner entlehnt, der Autorin, die sie neben Christa Wolf als wichtigste Zeugin für „feminist writing“ in der DDR betrachtet. In Morgners Roman Leben und Abenteuer der Trobadora Beatriz steht der Begriff „gelobtes Land“ bezogen auf die DDR in einem ironischen Zusammenhang. Mit simplem Jaja oder Neinnein ist diesem „Ort des Wunderbaren“ (Morgner nicht beizukommen. Vergleichbares signalisiert auch das Fragezeichen, das Martens hinter den Begriff „Promised Land“ setzt. Der anspielungsreiche Verweis auf das Land erscheint auch insofern nützlich, als die Eigenart feministischen Schreibens genauer zu fassen ist, wenn über das Land selbst, namentlich seine Frauenpolitik, Auskünfte gegeben werden. Lorna Martens möchte herausfinden, wie Schriftstellerinnen in der DDR feministisches Bewusstsein artikuliert haben, d.h. feministisches Bewusstsein unter den vom Staatssozialismus geschaffenen Bedingungen.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cătălin LUPU


    Full Text Available This article presents the development of optimal filters through covolution methods, necessary for restoring, correcting and improving fingerprints acquired from a sensor, able to provide the most ideal image in the output. After the image was binarized and equalized, Canny filter is applied in order to: eliminate the noise (filtering the image with a Gaussian filter, non-maxima suppression, module gradient adaptive binarization and extension edge points edges by hysteresis. The resulting image after applying Canny filter is not ideal. It is possible that the result will be an image with very fragmented edges and many pores in ridge. For the resulting image, a bank of convolution filters are applied one after another (Kirsch, Laplace, Roberts, Prewitt, Sobel, Frei-Chen, averaging convolution filter, circular convolution filter, lapacian convolution filter, gaussian convolution filter, LoG convolution filter, DoG, inverted filters, Wiener, the filter of ”equalization of the power spectrum” (intermediary filter between the Wiener filter and the inverted filter, the geometrical average filter , etc. with different features.

  13. Systematics of the weevil genus Mecinus Germar, 1821 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae). I. Taxonomic treatment of the species. (United States)

    Caldara, Roberto; Fogato, Valter


    Palaearctic species of the weevil genus Mecinus Germar, 1821 are revised. A total of 47 species are recognized, one of which, M. baridioides sp. n. is new to science. Mecinus dorsalis var. tavaresi Hoffmann, 1958 (stat. rev.) is considered as a distinct species, whereas M. alboscutellatus var. atratulus (Solari, 1933) is maintained as a subspecies of M. alboscutellatus (Hustache, 1913). The following new synonymies are proposed: Mecinus barbarus Gyllenhal, 1838 (= M. longiusculus var. subcylindricus Pic, 1896 syn. n.); M. caucasicus (Reitter, 1907) (= Gymnetron caucasicum var. rubricum Reitter, 1907 syn. n.); M. comosus Boheman, 1845 (= M. setosus Kiesenwetter, 1864 syn. n.; = M. hesteticus Vitale, 1906 syn. n.; = M. pici Reitter, 1907 syn. n.; = M. pici var. theresae Reitter, 1907 syn. n.); M. elongatus (H. Brisout de Barneville, 1862) (= G. pyrenaeum H. Brisout de Barneville, 1862 syn. n.); M. haemorrhoidalis (H. Brisout de Barneville, 1862) (= M. fairmairei Tournier, 1873 syn. n.; = G. variabile var. brevipenne Desbrochers des Loges, 1893 syn. n.; = G. variabile var. curtulum Reitter, 1907 syn. n.); M. humeralis Tournier, 1873 (= M. tournieri Fairmaire, 1876 syn. n.; = M. lineicollis Reitter, 1907 syn. n.); M. paratychioides (Hoffmann, 1965) (= G. longirostre Pic, 1921 syn. n.); M. longulus (Desbrochers des Loges, 1893) (= G. nigronotatum Pic, 1906 syn. n.; = G. nigronotatum var. vaulogeri Pic, 1930 syn. n.); M. pipistrellus (Marseul, 1871) (= G. concavirostre Stöcklein, 1950 syn. n.); M. plantaginis (Eppelsheim, 1875) (= G. zherichini Korotyaev, 1994 syn. n.); M. pyraster (Herbst, 1795) (= M. schneideri Kirsch, 1870 syn. n.; = M. hariolus Reitter, 1907 syn. n.; = M. pici var. favarcqui Pic, 1915 syn. n.); M. sanctus (Desbrochers des Loges, 1893) (= G. laterufum Pic, 1900 syn. n.); M. simus (Mulsant & Rey, 1859) (= G. mixtum Mulsant & Godart, 1873 syn. n.); M. tychioides (H. Brisout de Barneville, 1862) (= G. aestivum Hoffmann, 1956 syn. n.); M. vulpes (Lucas

  14. Disaster Metrics: A Proposed Quantitative Assessment Tool in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies - The Public Health Impact Severity Scale (PHISS). (United States)

    Bayram, Jamil D; Kysia, Rashid; Kirsch, Thomas D


    Complex Humanitarian Emergencies (CHE) result in rapid degradation of population health and quickly overwhelm indigenous health resources. Numerous governmental, non-governmental, national and international organizations and agencies are involved in the assessment of post-CHE affected populations. To date, there is no entirely quantitative assessment tool conceptualized to measure the public health impact of CHE. Essential public health parameters in CHE were identified based on the Sphere Project "Minimum Standards", and scoring rubrics were proposed based on the prevailing evidence when applicable. 12 quantitative parameters were identified, representing the four categories of "Minimum Standards for Disaster Response" according to the Sphere Project; health, shelter, food and nutrition, in addition to water and sanitation. The cumulative tool constitutes a quantitative scale, referred to as the Public Health Impact Severity Scale (PHISS), and the score on this scale ranges from a minimum of 0 to a maximum of 100. Quantitative measurement of the public health impact of CHE is germane to accurate assessment, in order to identify the scale and scope of the critical response required for the relief efforts of the affected populations. PHISS is a new conceptual metric tool, proposed to add an objective quantitative dimension to the post-CHE assessment arsenal. PHISS has not yet been validated, and studies are needed with prospective data collection to test its validity, feasibility and reliability. Bayram JD, Kysia R, Kirsch TD. Disaster Metrics: A Proposed Quantitative Assessment Tool in Complex Humanitarian Emergencies - The Public Health Impact Severity Scale (PHISS). PLOS Currents Disasters. 2012 Aug 21. doi: 10.1371/4f7b4bab0d1a3.

  15. Training Graduate and Undergraduate Students in Simulation and Risk Assessment for Carbon Sequestration

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    McCray, John


    Capturing carbon dioxide (CO2) and injecting it into deep underground formations for storage (carbon capture and underground storage, or CCUS) is one way of reducing anthropogenic CO2 emissions. Gas or aqueous-phase leakage may occur due to transport via faults and fractures, through faulty well bores, or through leaky confining materials. Contaminants of concern include aqueous salts and dissolved solids, gaseous or aqueous-phase organic contaminants, and acidic gas or aqueous-phase fluids that can liberate metals from aquifer minerals. Understanding the mechanisms and parameters that can contribute to leakage of the CO2 and the ultimate impact on shallow water aquifers that overlie injection formations is an important step in evaluating the efficacy and risks associated with long-term CO2 storage. Three students were supported on the grant Training Graduate and Undergraduate Students in Simulation and Risk Assessment for Carbon Sequestration. These three students each examined a different aspect of simulation and risk assessment related to carbon dioxide sequestration and the potential impacts of CO2 leakage. Two performed numerical simulation studies, one to assess leakage rates as a function of fault and deep reservoir parameters and one to develop a method for quantitative risk assessment in the event of a CO2 leak and subsequent changes in groundwater chemistry. A third student performed an experimental evaluation of the potential for metal release from sandstone aquifers under simulated leakage conditions. This study has resulted in two student first-authored published papers {Siirila, 2012 #560}{Kirsch, 2014 #770} and one currently in preparation {Menke, In prep. #809}.

  16. Assessment of Flood Disaster Impacts in Cambodia: Implications for Rapid Disaster Response (United States)

    Ahamed, Aakash; Bolten, John; Doyle, Colin


    Disaster monitoring systems can provide near real time estimates of population and infrastructure affected by sudden onset natural hazards. This information is useful to decision makers allocating lifesaving resources following disaster events. Floods are the world's most common and devastating disasters (UN, 2004; Doocy et al., 2013), and are particularly frequent and severe in the developing countries of Southeast Asia (Long and Trong, 2001; Jonkman, 2005; Kahn, 2005; Stromberg, 2007; Kirsch et al., 2012). Climate change, a strong regional monsoon, and widespread hydropower construction contribute to a complex and unpredictable regional hydrodynamic regime. As such, there is a critical need for novel techniques to assess flood impacts to population and infrastructure with haste during and following flood events in order to enable governments and agencies to optimize response efforts following disasters. Here, we build on methods to determine regional flood extent in near real time and develop systems that automatically quantify the socioeconomic impacts of flooding in Cambodia. Software developed on cloud based, distributed processing Geographic Information Systems (GIS) is used to demonstrate spatial and numerical estimates of population, households, roadways, schools, hospitals, airports, agriculture and fish catch affected by severe monsoon flooding occurring in the Cambodian portion of Lower Mekong River Basin in 2011. Results show modest agreement with government and agency estimates. Maps and statistics generated from the system are intended to complement on the ground efforts and bridge information gaps to decision makers. The system is open source, flexible, and can be applied to other disasters (e.g. earthquakes, droughts, landslides) in various geographic regions.

  17. Analysis and Comparison of Objective Methods for Image Quality Assessment

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    P. S. Babkin


    Full Text Available The purpose of this work is research and modification of the reference objective methods for image quality assessment. The ultimate goal is to obtain a modification of formal assessments that more closely corresponds to the subjective expert estimates (MOS.In considering the formal reference objective methods for image quality assessment we used the results of other authors, which offer results and comparative analyzes of the most effective algorithms. Based on these investigations we have chosen two of the most successful algorithm for which was made a further analysis in the MATLAB 7.8 R 2009 a (PQS and MSSSIM. The publication focuses on the features of the algorithms, which have great importance in practical implementation, but are insufficiently covered in the publications by other authors.In the implemented modification of the algorithm PQS boundary detector Kirsch was replaced by the boundary detector Canny. Further experiments were carried out according to the method of the ITU-R VT.500-13 (01/2012 using monochrome images treated with different types of filters (should be emphasized that an objective assessment of image quality PQS is applicable only to monochrome images. Images were obtained with a thermal imaging surveillance system. The experimental results proved the effectiveness of this modification.In the specialized literature in the field of formal to evaluation methods pictures, this type of modification was not mentioned.The method described in the publication can be applied to various practical implementations of digital image processing.Advisability and effectiveness of using the modified method of PQS to assess the structural differences between the images are shown in the article and this will be used in solving the problems of identification and automatic control.

  18. Libros.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Alberto Fernández Liria


    Full Text Available Eduardo Ruiz Parra y cols. Seguimiento grupal de pacientes psicóticos en la red pública de salud mental de la Comunidad Autónoma Vasca. (Alberto Fernández Liria Emilio Lledó. Ser quien eres. (Mauricio Jalón. Roberto Esposito. Tercera persona. Política de la vida y filosofía de lo impersonal. (Luis Aragón González. Stella Gibbons. La hija de Robert Poste. Barbara Pym. Jane y Prudente. Penelope Fitzgerald. La librería. (Mauricio Jalón. Joris K. Huysmans. Aguas grises. (Vicente Pizarro. José Manuel López Gómez. Asistencia psiquiátrica y salud mental en Burgos: Ignacio López Saiz (1910-1986. (Alicia Merisi. E. Roudinesco. Nuestro lado oscuro. Una historia de los perversos. (Luis Aragón González. Michel Onfray. El sueño de Eichmann. (Luis Aragón González. Charles Dickens. Historia de dos ciudades. (José Luis Peset. Anacleto Ferrer, Cándido Polo. Cine y locura. El pensamiento claro no nos basta. (Ana Catalán. Daniel J. Carlat. Unhinged – The trouble with Psychiatry – a doctor’s revelations about a profession in crisis. (Juan Medrano. Dylan Evans. Placebo. El triunfo de la mente sobre la material en la medicina moderna. (Juan Medrano. Irving Kirsch. The Emperor’s New Drugs: Exploding the Antidepressant Myth (Juan Medrano.

  19. Notions of support for far fields (United States)

    Sylvester, John


    In practical remote sensing, faraway sources radiate fields that, within measurement precision, are nearly those radiated by point sources. Algorithms like MUSIC (Devaney J. Acoust. Soc. Am. at press, Kirsch 2002 Inverse Problems 18 1025-40) correctly identify their number, their locations and their strengths based on observations of the near or far fields they radiate. Asymptotic perturbation formulae (Ammari et al 2005 SIAM J. Appl. Math. 65 2107-27, Brühl et al 2003 Numer. Math. 93 635-54) have been used to successfully locate small sparse inclusions based on remote measurements. The main motivation for this paper is to locate sources which are supported on sets that are larger and less sparse. Although the far field of a solution to the inhomogeneous Helmholtz equation does not determine the source, or its support, uniquely, we will show how to associate with any far field a unique union of well-separated-convex sets (UWSC sets) that is both big enough to support a source that can radiate that far field, and small enough that it must be contained in the UWSC-support of any source that radiates the same far field. This means that it makes theoretical sense to look for not only the number and the locations, but also the convex geometry of sources based on the far field they radiate. The only requirement is that sources be well separated—the diameter of each convex component is strictly smaller than the distance to the other components. We also give examples to illustrate the extent to which both the convexity and well-separated properties in UWSC are necessary, i.e. we will exhibit far fields with which it is not possible to associate a unique smallest compact set or, in {{\\bb R}}^{2} , a unique smallest disjoint union of convex sets.

  20. Detection of Step-Structure Edge Based on Order Statistic Filter%基于次序统计滤波器的阶跃边缘检测

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马洪; 余勇; 马黎; 梅田三千雄


    在二值图像的边缘检测理论中,经典的方法是用固定的卷积核构成边缘检测算子,如Sobel算子,Prewitt算子,Kirsch算子和Roberts算子等。它们对数字图像边缘的复杂几何结构缺乏算法自适应性。现作者将随机滤波的思想引入边缘检测,用次序统计滤波器构造随机卷积核,从而引入一种新的随机边缘检测算子,即OSF边缘算子,并分别对雷达图像和文本图像实施边缘检测。实验结果证明了OSF边缘算子的有效性。%In the theory of edge detection of binary image, the classical method is to use regular convolution kernel to construct edge detect operator, such as Sobel operator, Prewitt operator, Kirsch operator and Roberts operator etc. However, these operators for the complex geometric structure of digital image edge lack algorithm adaptability. The authors propose stochastic filtering to edge detection. Using order statistic filter to construct stochastic convolution kernel, the authors yield a new kind of stochastic edge detect operator-OSF edge operator. The authors carry out the edge detection for radar images and document images, and the experimental results show the efficency of the OSF edge operator.

  1. Exposure to Brominated Trihalomethanes in Water During Pregnancy and Micronuclei Frequency in Maternal and Cord Blood Lymphocytes (United States)

    Pedersen, Marie; Patelarou, Evridiki; Decordier, Ilse; Vande Loock, Kim; Chatzi, Leda; Espinosa, Ana; Fthenou, Eleni; Nieuwenhuijsen, Mark J.; Gracia-Lavedan, Esther; Stephanou, Euripides G.; Kirsch-Volders, Micheline; Kogevinas, Manolis


    Background: Water disinfection by-products have been associated with an increased cancer risk. Micronuclei (MN) frequency in lymphocytes is a marker of genomic damage and can predict adult cancer risk. Objective: We evaluated maternal exposure to drinking water brominated trihalomethanes (BTHM) in relation to MN frequency in maternal and cord blood lymphocytes. Methods: MN frequency was examined in 214 mothers and 223 newborns from the Rhea mother–child cohort in Crete, Greece, in 2007–2008. Residential BTHM water concentrations were estimated during pregnancy using tap water analyses and modeling. Questionnaires on water related habits were used to estimate BTHM exposure from all routes. Associations between BTHM and MN frequency were estimated using negative binomial regression. Results: BTHM concentrations in residential tap water during pregnancy ranged from 0.06 to 7.1 μg/L. MN frequency in maternal binucleated lymphocytes was found to increase with BTHM concentrations in residential water for exposure during the first [rate ratio (RR) for 1 μg/L = 1.05; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.11] and second trimesters (RR for 1 μg/L = 1.03; 95% CI: 1.00, 1.06), and through all routes of BTHM exposure during the first trimester (RR for 1 μg/week = 3.14; 95% CI: 1.16, 8.50). Conclusions: These findings suggest that exposure to BTHM may increase the frequency of MN in maternal binucleated lymphocytes. Citation: Stayner LT, Pedersen M, Patelarou E, Decordier I, Vande Loock K, Chatzi L, Espinosa A, Fthenou E, Nieuwenhuijsen MJ, Gracia-Lavedan E, Stephanou EG, Kirsch-Volders M, Kogevinas M. 2014. Exposure to brominated trihalomethanes in water during pregnancy and micronuclei frequency in maternal and cord blood lymphocytes. Environ Health Perspect 122:100–106; PMID:24184846

  2. Host plant, distribution and natural enemies of the red date scale insect, Phoenicococcus marlatti (Hemiptera: Phoenicococcidae and its infestation status in Egypt

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mona Moustafa


    Full Text Available Recently, the red date scale insect, Phoenicococcus marlatti Cockerell (Hemiptera: Phoenicococcidae was recorded as an economic pest of date palm in Egypt. The present work dealt with a survey of host plants, distribution, natural enemies and its infestation status with P. marlatti. The results of the present work indicated that P. marlatti infested Phoenix dactylifera and Washingtonia filifera were found only in 5 governorates in Egypt; Alexandria, Daqahilyia, North Sinai (El-Arish, Giza and Ismailyia. Also, the results indicated that two species of predators were recorded that attacked P. marlatti. These species belong to the Order: Coleoptera, Family Coccinellidae, Pharoscymnus varius (Kirsch and Scymnus punetillum Weise. The results of P. marlatti population dynamics on date palm trees in the first year 2009–2010, indicated that egg density reached its maximum on May 1st, 2010, and its minimum on February 15th, 2010. Preadult density reached its maximum and minimum on May 15th, 2010, and January 15th, respectively, while the highest and lowest adult density were recorded on May 15th, 2010 and January 15th, 2010, respectively. In the second year (2010–2011 egg density reached its maximum and minimum levels on May 1st, 2011 and September 1st, 2010, respectively. Preadult density reached its maximum and minimum on May 15th, 2011 and October 15th, 2010, respectively. Adult density was highest and lowest on May 1st and January 1st, 2011, respectively. The predator recorded in this work in El-Arish region was P. varius. During the first year (2009–2010 no occurrence of predators was noticed from October 15th, 2009 to February 15th, 2010 and the individual population reached its maximum number of 62 individuals per sample. During the second year (2010–2011 no predators were noticed from November 1st, 2010 to February 15th, 2011 and the population reached its maximum number of 58 individuals per sample.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kumar Parasuraman


    Full Text Available A Key identifier for some diseases such as arteriosclerosis, hypertension, macular edema, diabetes mellitus, and the recognition qualities of geometrical changes in retinal veins and supply routes are recognized by Retinal Vein morphology and might be connected to a mixed carrier of clinical studies. Extraction of the retinal veins is a help to see all the more about its morphology and will give a superior wellspring of data for contemplating the different related diseases. Two of the significant issues in the extraction of retinal veins are the vicinity of a wide assortment of vessel widths and inhomogeneous foundation of the retina. Machine based dissection for computerized extraction of veins in retinal images will help eye mind pro's screen bigger populaces for vessel variations from the norm. In this extend a technique for robotized extraction of fundus pictures of the retinal vein is introduced. This paper displays another strategy for vein recognition in computerized retinal pictures. In this system first separating is carried out utilizing reciprocal channel to uproot the commotions in the picture and second, differentiates the fundus picture into red, green and blue channels. Third, Kirsch's format with spatial separating is utilized to discover the beginning and bearing of the veins and for smoothing the limits. Fourth, the veins are fragmented by applying threshold values and by utilizing outspread radial symmetry strategy. These segmentations are looked at against manual estimations and between imaging strategies. Its adequacy and strength with distinctive picture conditions, together with its smoothness and quick usage, make this vein division proposal suitable for retinal picture workstation examination, for example, computerized screening for right on time diabetic retinopathy discovery.

  4. Assessing the Utility of a Satellite-Based Flood Inundation and Socio-Economic Impact Tool for the Lower Mekong River Basin (United States)

    Ahamed, A.; Bolten, J. D.


    Flood disaster events in Southeast Asia result in significant loss of life and economic damage. Remote sensing information systems designed to monitor floods and assess their severity can help governments and international agencies formulate an effective response before and during flood events, and ultimately alleviate impacts to population, infrastructure, and agriculture. Recent examples of destructive flood events in the Lower Mekong River Basin occurred in 2000, 2011, and 2013. Floods can be particularly costly in the developing countries of Southeast Asia where large portions of the population live on or near the floodplain (Jonkman, 2005; Kirsch et al., 2012; Long and Trong, 2001; Stromberg. 2007). Regional studies (Knox, 1993; Mirza, 2002; Schiermeier, 2011; Västilä et al, 2010) and Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC, 2007) projections suggest that precipitation extremes and flood frequency are increasing. Thus, improved systems to rapidly monitor flooding in vulnerable areas are needed. This study determines surface water extent for current and historic flood events by using stacks of historic multispectral Moderate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) 250-meter imagery and the spectral Normalized Difference Vegetation Index (NDVI) signatures of permanent water bodies (MOD44W). Supporting software tools automatically assess flood impacts to population and infrastructure to provide a rapid first set of impact numbers generated hours after the onset of an event. The near real-time component uses twice daily imagery acquired at 3-hour latency, and performs image compositing routines to minimize cloud cover. Case studies for historic flood events are presented. Results suggest that near real-time remote sensing-based observation and impact assessment systems can serve as effective regional decision support tools for governments, international agencies, and disaster responders.

  5. Porosity effects on crystallization kinetics of Amorphous Solid Water: Implications for cold icy objects in the Outer Solar System (United States)

    Mitchell, Emily H.; Raut, Ujjwal; Baragiola, Raul A.


    Crystalline ice has been identified on the cold surfaces of most icy satellites and TNOs [1]. This is surprising since accretion of water vapor at temperatures (T isothermal transition from amorphous to fully crystalline phase was characterized by analyzing the time-dependent evolution of the OH-stretch absorption band using transmission infrared spectroscopy. Our initial results show that τc decreases with increasing porosity; for instance, a film deposited at 45° was observed to crystallize ~6 times faster than a film deposited at 0°. The preliminary estimate of the porosity of the 45° film is ~50% higher than that of the film deposited at normal incidence. Our findings can explain the reported variation in temperature-dependent τc [2] and contribute to the understanding of crystalline ice on cold bodies in the Outer Solar System.1. Mastrapa, R.M.E. et al. In: Gudipati, M.S. & Castillo-Rogez, J., Eds, The Science of Solar System Ices, Springer, New York, 2013.2. Baragiola, R.A. In: Devlin & Buch, Eds, Water in Confining Geometries, Springer-Verlag, 2003.3. Jewitt, D.C. & Luu, J., Nature 432, 731, 2004.4. Porter, S.B. et al. Icarus 208, 492, 2010.5. Stevenson, K.P., et al. Science 283, 1505, 1999.6. Francis, R.J. & O’Hare, D., J. Chem. Soc., Dalton Trans., 3133, 1998.7. Kirsch, B.L. et al., J. Phys. Chem. B., 108, 12698, 2004.

  6. Health Care Access and Utilization after the 2010 Pakistan Floods. (United States)

    Jacquet, Gabrielle A; Kirsch, Thomas; Durrani, Aqsa; Sauer, Lauren; Doocy, Shannon


    Introduction The 2010 floods submerged more than one-fifth of Pakistan's land area and affected more than 20 million people. Over 1.6 million homes were damaged or destroyed and 2,946 direct injuries and 1,985 deaths were reported. Infrastructure damage was widespread, including critical disruptions to the power and transportation networks. Hypothesis Damage and loss of critical infrastructure will affect the population's ability to seek and access adequate health care for years to come. This study sought to evaluate factors associated with access to health care in the aftermath of the 2010 Pakistan floods. A population-proportional, randomized cluster-sampling survey method with 80 clusters of 20 (1,600) households of the flood-affected population was used. Heads of households were surveyed approximately six months after flood onset. Multivariate analysis was used to determine significance. A total of 77.8% of households reported needing health services within the first month after the floods. Household characteristics, including rural residence location, large household size, and lower pre- and post-flood income, were significantly associated (Pfloods was associated with urban residence location, suggesting that locating health care providers in rural areas may be difficult. Access to health services also was associated with post-flood income level, suggesting health resources are not readily available to households suffering great income losses. Jacquet GA , Kirsch T , Durrani A , Sauer L , Doocy S . Health care access and utilization after the 2010 Pakistan floods. Prehosp Disaster Med. 2016;31(5):485-491.

  7. The VLT Unravels the Nature of the Fastest Binary Star (United States)


    wave space experiment, the European Space Agency's Laser Interferometer Space Antenna (LISA) that will be launched in about 10 years' time, will be sufficiently sensitive to be able to reveal this radiation from RX J0806.3+1527 with a high degree of confidence. Such an observational feat would open an entirely new window on the universe. More information The results described in this Press Release were announced in IAU Circular 7835 and will shortly appear in print in the European research journal Astronomy & Astrophysics Letters ("RX J0806.3+1527: a double degenerate binary with the shortest known orbital period (321 s)" by G.L. Israel and co-authors), cf. astro-ph/0203043. The 5-min optical modulation was detected independently by another group led by G. Ramsay, cf. astro-ph/0203053. Note [1]: The team consists of GianLuca Israel and Luigi Stella at the Astronomical Observatory of Rome (Italy), Stefano Covino and Sergio Campana at the Astronomical Observatory of Brera (Milan, Italy), Wolfgang Hummel, Gianni Marconi and Gero Rupprecht at the European Southern Observatory, Immo Appenzeller and Otmar Stahl at the University of Heidelberg (Germany), Wolfgang Gassler and Karl-Heinz Mantel at the University of Munich (Germany), Christopher Mauche at the Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory (USA), Ulisse Munari at the Astronomical Observatory of Padua (Italy), Ignacio Negueruela at the Astronomical Observatory of Strasbourg (France), Harald Nicklas at the University of Göttingen (Germany), and Richard Smart at the Astronomical Observatory of Turin (Italy). [2]: See the research article by Israel et al. (1999, Astronomy &A, Vol. 349, p. L1). Contact GianLuca Israel Osservatorio Astronomico di Roma Italy Tel.: +39 06 9428 6437 email: Technical information about the photos PR Photo 10a/02 is reproduced from FORS1-exposures, obtained in November 1999 in the U- and R-bands, and both lasting 300 sec. The field measures 2.0 x 1.5 arcmin 2. PR

  8. Transmission eigenvalues (United States)

    Cakoni, Fioralba; Haddar, Houssem


    In inverse scattering theory, transmission eigenvalues can be seen as the extension of the notion of resonant frequencies for impenetrable objects to the case of penetrable dielectrics. The transmission eigenvalue problem is a relatively late arrival to the spectral theory of partial differential equations. Its first appearance was in 1986 in a paper by Kirsch who was investigating the denseness of far-field patterns for scattering solutions of the Helmholtz equation or, in more modern terminology, the injectivity of the far-field operator [1]. The paper of Kirsch was soon followed by a more systematic study by Colton and Monk in the context of developing the dual space method for solving the inverse scattering problem for acoustic waves in an inhomogeneous medium [2]. In this paper they showed that for a spherically stratified media transmission eigenvalues existed and formed a discrete set. Numerical examples were also given showing that in principle transmission eigenvalues could be determined from the far-field data. This first period of interest in transmission eigenvalues was concluded with papers by Colton et al in 1989 [3] and Rynne and Sleeman in 1991 [4] showing that for an inhomogeneous medium (not necessarily spherically stratified) transmission eigenvalues, if they existed, formed a discrete set. For the next seventeen years transmission eigenvalues were ignored. This was mainly due to the fact that, with the introduction of various sampling methods to determine the shape of an inhomogeneous medium from far-field data, transmission eigenvalues were something to be avoided and hence the fact that transmission eigenvalues formed at most a discrete set was deemed to be sufficient. In addition, questions related to the existence of transmission eigenvalues or the structure of associated eigenvectors were recognized as being particularly difficult due to the nonlinearity of the eigenvalue problem and the special structure of the associated transmission

  9. Adherence with ethinylestradiol 20 µg/drospirenone 3 mg in a flexible extended regimen supported by the use of a digital tablet dispenser with or without acoustic alarm: an open-label, randomized, multicenter study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Wiegratz I


    Full Text Available Inka Wiegratz,1,2 Jörg Elliesen,3 Anna Maria Paoletti,4 Anja Walzer,3 Bodo Kirsch3 1Kinderwunschpraxis am Goetheplatz, Frankfurt, Germany; 2MVZ Kinderwunschzentrum Wiesbaden GmbH, Wiesbaden, Germany; 3Bayer HealthCare Pharmaceuticals, Berlin, Germany; 4Clinica Ostetrica e Ginecologica, University of Cagliari, Cagliari, ItalyObjective: To evaluate the effect of a digital dispenser's acoustic alarm function on adherence to ethinylestradiol (EE 20 µg/drospirenone 3 mg in a flexible extended regimen (EE/drospirenoneFlex among women in five European countries (France, Germany, Italy, Spain, UK seeking oral contraception.Study design: Randomized, parallel-group open-label study.Methods: Women aged 18–35 years received EE/drospirenoneFlex administered in a regimen with cycle lengths of their choice with the aid of a digital pill dispenser over 1 year. In group A (N=250, the dispenser's acoustic alarm was activated (ie, acoustic alarm + visual reminder. In group B (N=249, the acoustic alarm was deactivated (ie, visual reminder only. In addition, the women recorded pill intake daily in diary cards. The primary efficacy variable was the mean delay of daily pill release after the dispenser reminded the woman to take a pill (reference time. Secondary efficacy variables included number of missed pills, contraceptive efficacy, bleeding pattern, tolerability, and user satisfaction.Results: Dispenser data showed a mean (standard deviation [SD] daily delay in pill release of 88 (126 minutes in group A vs 178 (140 minutes in group B (P<0.0001. Median (lower quartile, Q1; upper quartile, Q3 number of missed pills was 0 (0; 1 in group A vs 4 (1; 9 in group B (P<0.0001. Diary card results revealed similar trends; however, underreporting of missed pills was evident in both groups. No pregnancies were reported during 424 women-years of exposure. Across the two groups, the mean (SD EE/drospirenoneFlex cycle length was 51.0 (31.8 days with strong regional

  10. Practice of the utilization of biomass from waste materials; Praxis der Verwertung von Biomasse aus Abfaellen

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Wiemer, Klaus; Kern, Michael; Raussen, Thomas (eds.)


    Within the 4th Witzenhaeuser Biomass Conference from 10th to 11th November, 2010, in Witzenhausen (Federal Republic of Germany) the following lectures were held: (1) Consequences of the amendment of the law of life-cycle management and biological waste regulations for the practice of acquisition and utilization of biological wastes (Claus-Gerhard Bergs); (2) An eco-efficient handling with biological wastes and composting wastes (Siegfried Kreibe); (3) Perspectives of the biological waste management (Michael Kern); (4) Assessment of waste biogas plants by environmental verifiers - implementation of the EEG novella (Michael Hub); (5) Fermentation of biogenic residuals - State of the art and perspectives (David Wilken); (6) Energy from cultivation masses and waste biomasses - Perspectives for Europe (Katja Bunzel); (7) Optimization of a biogas plant in practical operation (Michael Buchheit); (8) Odour situation and germ situation before and after an integration of a biogas plant in a composite system (Juergen Roth); (9) Aspects of immission protection rights according to the requirements on the permission and operation of biogas plants (Norbert Suritsch); (10) Actual veterinary regulatory, fertilizer regulatory and waste regulatory requirements on the treatment and utilization of fermentation products (Andreas Kirsch); (11) Utilization of fermentation residues from biological waste: Basic conditions and technology of processing (Thomas Raussen); (12) Practical experiences and new developments using selected examples: Pohlsche Heide, Baar (Switzerland) and Cesena (Italy) (Peter Lutz); (13) New facility concepts of dry fermentation in Lohfelden and Uelzen (Gunnar Ziehmann); (14) New facility concepts of plug flow fermentation (Michael Oertig); (15) Further development of the KOMPOFERM {sup registered} systems (Sandra Striewski); (16) Optimization of the gas yield and reduction of disruptive substances in the processing of biological wastes for the wet fermentation

  11. NARRATIVE: A short history of my life in science A short history of my life in science (United States)

    Manson, Joseph R.


    bicycle rides taken with these colleagues and many others through the streets of Göttingen and the surrounding countryside of Niedersachsen. The long series of visits to Göttingen were interrupted by three summers beginning in 1988 at the Institut für Grenzflachenforschung and Vakuumphysik at the Forschungszentrum Jülich in Germany working with George Comsa and his group. I had met Comsa in the late 1970s at a scientific meeting in France and we had continued our scientific correspondence ever since, which eventually led to the invitation to visit his lab for an extended stay. Among the very large range of surface-related experiments being carried out in the Comsa group were machines, operated by Bene Poelsema and Rudolf David and the then graduate students Klaus Kern and Peter Zeppenfeld, devoted to He atom scattering from metal and adsorbate-covered surfaces. Once again, it was a great privilege to carry out scientific research in such a stimulating environment. In 1998, with a three-month summer visit, I began a collaboration with Professor Karl-Heinz Rieder at the Institut für Experimentalphysik of the Freie Universität Berlin in Germany. Rieder was a pioneer in the field of surface scattering experiments using helium and other rare gas atomic beams as projectiles and after he moved to the Freie Universität from the IBM Zürich laboratories he continued this work as well as becoming a world leader in the field of single molecule manipulation on surfaces using scanning tunneling microscopy (STM). This collaboration resulted in visits to Berlin every summer through 2006 during which we collaborated on several projects involving both atom-surface scattering and STM. The work during this period included interesting collaborative work with many members of the Rieder group including Ludwig Bartels, Daniel Farías, Gerhard Meyer and Saw Hla. It was a great experience to be able to pursue science in such favorable surroundings, and to have, in addition, all the

  12. Book Reviews

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nico G. Schulte Nordholt


    Full Text Available - Timothy P. Barnard, Raja Ali Haji, Di dalam berkekalan persahabatan: ‘In everlasting friendship’; Letters from Raja Ali Haji, edited by Jan van der Putten and Al Azhar. Semaian 13. Leiden: Department of Languages and Cultures of Southeast Asia and Oceania, 1995, 292 + x pp., maps. - Robert Blust, L. Smits, Irian Jaya source materials, no. 5, series B-no. 2. The J.C. Anceaux collection of wordlists of Irian Jaya Languages. A: Austronesian languages (part II. Leiden/Jakarta, 1992, 288 pp., C.L. Voorhoeve (eds. - Peter Boomgaard, Mason C. Hoadley, Towards a feudal mode of production; West Java, 1680-1800. Singapore: Institute of Southeast Asian Studies [ in cooperation with the Nordic Institute of Asian Studies, Copenhagen], 1994, x + 241 pp. - Freek Colombijn, Muriel Charras, Spontaneous settlements in Indonesia; Agricultural pioneers in southern Sumatra. Migrations spontanées en Indonésie; La colonisation agricole de sud de Sumatra. Jakarta: Departemen Transmigrasi; Paris: ORSTOM-CNRS, 1993, 405 pp., Marc Pain (eds. - Dick Douwes, Hussin Mutalib, Islam, Muslims and the modern state; Case-studies of Muslims in thirteen countries. London: MacMillan; New York: St. Martin Press, 1994, 374 pp., Taj ul-Islam Hashimi (eds. - J. van Goor, H.W. van den Doel, De stille macht; Het Europse binnenlands bestuur op Java en Madoera, 1808-1942. Amsterdam: Bert Bakker, 1994, 578 pp. - Stuart Kirsch, J.W. Schoorl, Culture and change among the Muyu. Translated by G.J. van Exel. Translation Series 23. Leiden: KITLV Press, 1993, xiv + 322 pp. - Bernd Nothofer, Ger P. Resink, Topics in descriptive Papuan linguistics. Leiden: Vakgroep Talen en Culturen van Zuidoost-Azië en Oceanië, Rijksuniversiteit te Leiden, 1994, viii + 154 pp. - Gerard Persoon, Robin Broad, Plundering paradise; The struggle for the environment in the Philippines. Berkeley: University of California Press, 1993, xvi + 197 pp., John Cavanagh (eds. - Gerard Persoon, Thomas N. Headland

  13. True Triaxial Strength and Brittle Fracture of the Granodiorite at the SAFOD Drillhole Wall, and the Potential for Estimating the Maximum Horizontal Principal Stress (United States)

    Lee, H.; Haimson, B.


    drillhole wall conditions is drastically different from that conventionally expected, but is compatible with breakout formation mechanism in granite (Haimson, Int. J. Rock Mech., 2007). All the 'unjacketed' true triaxial strength data can be fitted by a simple function in the octahedral shear stress versus octahedral normal stress domain, yielding a Nadai-type true triaxial strength criterion. The criterion can be used in conjunction with breakouts that have been located within the cored zone to yield the maximum horizontal in situ stress σH when the other two principal stress are known. Assuming that the state of stress at breakout-drillhole intersections (located for example by BHTV logging) is sufficient to bring about brittle failure (Vernik and Zoback, 1992), one can substitute the known principal stresses there (obtained from the Kirsch solution) for the corresponding values in the criterion. The in situ σv is given by the overburden density, σh is typically obtained from hydrofrac shut-in pressures, breakout width is extracted from BHTV logs, borehole fluid pressure is a function of its density, and the Poisson's ratio is obtained from mechanical lab testing. The only unknown, σH, is thus readily computed. An actual computation was not carried out because data on hydrofrac pressures and breakout dimensions were not available at the time of this submission.

  14. Research Tendencies and Prospects of Negative Mood Regulation Expectancies%消极情绪调节期待研究趋向与前瞻

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王国芳; 杨晓辉


    Negative mood regulation expectancies ( NMRE) originated from the concept of expectancy in Rotter’s (1954) social learning theory.It refers to one’s belief that he can alleviate or terminate his negative moods.NMRE was first put forward by American psychologists Kirsch, Mearns and Catanzaro in the late 1980s.They developed related scales and conducted a series of empirical studies.Results show that NMRE can predict one’s negative moods like depression and anxiety, and affect the effec-tiveness of one’s reactions.In the clinical psychotherapy of depression and eating disorder, NMRE serves as an important regulating variable, as well as a significant indicator for assessing the effective-ness of clinical treatment.Besides, it has a self-validating influence on reaction expectancy; that is, believing that I will feel better if I can alleviate my negative moods.In fact, such a self-validating in-fluence is independent from actual reactions.NMR-Scale has been translated into many languages. Cross-cultural studies show that NMRE exerts cross-cultural effects on predicting stress reaction and mental health.As a new research field, NMRE has great theoretical value and application prospects.%消极情绪调节期待( NMRE)源于Rotter的社会学习理论中的期待概念,指的是个体对于是否有能力终止或减轻消极情绪状态的信念。由美国心理学家Kirsch,Mearns和Catanzaro等人于20世纪80年代末期提出,并开发了量表,开展了一系列的实证研究。研究表明,消极情绪调节期待对于个体的抑郁、焦虑等消极心境具有预测作用,能够影响个体的应对行为和应对的效果。在抑郁症和进食障碍等临床心理治疗中, NMRE是重要的调节变量,也是评估临床治疗效果的重要指标。NMRE具有一定的反应期待的自我确证作用:相信自己能够改善不良情绪就能够使自己感觉好一些,这种反应期待的自我确证作用是和实际


    Askay, Shelley Wiechman; Patterson, David R; Sharar, Sam R


    .Over the past 25 years, researchers have been investigating ways to make hypnosis more standardized and accessible. There have been a handful of studies that have looked at the efficacy of using audiotapes to provide the hypnotic intervention (Johnson and Wiese, 1979; Hart, 1980; Block, Ghoneim, Sum Ping and Ali, 1991; Enqvist, Bjorklund, Engman and Jakobsson, 1997; Eberhart, Doring, Holzrichter, Roscher and Seeling, 1998; Perugini, Kirsch, Allen, et al., 1998; Forbes, MacAuley, Chiotakakou-Faliakou, 2000; Ghoneim, Block, Sarasin, Davis and Marchman, 2000). These studies have yielded mixed results. Generally, we can conclude that audio-taped hypnosis is more effective than no treatment at all, but less effective than the presence of a live hypnotherapist. Grant and Nash (1995) were the first to use computer-assisted hypnosis as a behavioural measure to assess hypnotizability. They used a digitized voice that guided subjects through a procedure and tailored software according to the subject's unique responses and reactions. However, it utilized conventional two-dimensional screen technology that required patients to focus their attention on a computer screen, making them vulnerable to any type of distraction that might enter the environment. Further, the two-dimensional technology did not present compelling visual stimuli for capturing the user's attention.


    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Roberto Caldara


    Full Text Available In accordo con le disposizioni del codice internazionale di Nomenclatura Zoologica, vengono proposte otto azioni allo scopo di salvaguardare la stabilità della nomenclatura attuale di alcune specie della tribù Tychiini. seguendo le indicazioni dell’Articolo 23.9.1, Sibinia subelliptica Desbrochers, 1873 è considerato nomen protectum e Gymnetron schaumi Becker, 1864 è considerato nomen oblitum; Sibinia phalerata Gyllenhal, 1836 è considerato nomen protectum e Sibinia centromaculata Villa & Villa, 1835 è considerato nomen oblitum. Essendo presenti le condizioni richieste dall’articolo 75.3, vengono designati i neotipi dei seguenti taxa: Sibinia centromaculata Villa & Villa, 1835; Sybines pulchellus Desbrochers, 1875. Sono inoltre stabiliti i lectotypi di: Gymne­ tron schaumi Becker, 1864; Sibinia attalica Gyllenhal var. lateralis Desbrochers, 1895; Sibinia cinctella Desbrochers, 1898; Sibinia pozuelica Fuente, 1910; Tychius barceloni­cus Desbrochers, 1908; Tychius edentatus Desbrochers, 1895; Tychius pallidicornis Desbrochers, 1875; Tychius parvulus Stephens, 1831; Tychius seductor Desbrochers, 1908. Vengono proposte le seguenti nuove sinonimie: Sibinia bipunctata Kirsch, 1870 = Sibi­nia postsignata Voss, 1971 n. syn.; Sibinia exigua Faust = Sibinia cinctella Desbrochers, 1898 n. syn.; Sibinia femoralis Germar, 1824 = Sibinia attalica var. lateralis Desbrochers, 1895 n. syn. = Sibinia consanguinea Desbrochers, 1895 n. syn. = Sibinia attalica var. curtula Desbrochers, 1907 n. syn. = Sibinia dilataticollis Desbrochers, 1907 n. syn.= Sibinia seducta Desbrochers, 1907 n. syn. = Sibinia pozuelica Fuente, 1910 n. syn.; Si­binia pici Desbrochers = Sibinia otiosa Hustache, 1944 n. syn. = Sibinia praeventa Hustache, 1944 n. syn.; Sibinia subelliptica Desbrochers, 1873 = Sibinia schaumei Desbrochers, 1895 n. syn.; Sibinia unicolor Fåhraeus, 1843 = Sybines pulchellus Desbrochers, 1875 n. syn. = Sibinia ochreata Schilsky, 1912 n. syn

  17. Combined geophysical and petrophysical characterization to support a hydrogeological model of a coastal environment (United States)

    Burschil, Thomas; Wiederhold, Helga; Scheer, Wolfgang; Kirsch, Reinhard; Krawczyk, Charlotte M.


    the complex disorder of Pleistocene till and sand, as well as Pliocene sand and Miocene clay, in the uppermost 150 m. All results are implemented in a hydrogeological 3D model as base for groundwater modeling and to forecast climate change effects (Burschil et al., 2012b). References Burschil, T., H. Wiederhold & E. Auken (2012a): Seismic results as a-priori knowledge for airborneTEM data inversion - a case study. J. Appl. Geophys., 80, 121-128, doi: 10.1016/j.jappgeo.2012.02.003. Burschil, T., W. Scheer, R. Kirsch & H. Wiederhold (2012b): Hydrogeological characterisation of a glacially affected barrier island - the North Frisian Island of Föhr. Hydrol. Earth Syst. Sci., 16, 3485-3498. Hinsby, K., E., Auken, G.H.P. Oude Essink, P. de Louw, F. Jørgensen, B. Siemon, T.O. Sonnenborg, A. Vandenbohede, H. Wiederhold, A. Guadagnini & J. Carrera (Eds.) (2012): Assessing the impact of climate change for adaptive water management in coastal regions. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences, 17,

  18. Present-day stress of the central Persian Gulf: Implications for drilling and well performance (United States)

    Haghi, A. H.; Kharrat, R.; Asef, M. R.; Rezazadegan, H.


    The present-day state of stress in the Persian Gulf is poorly understood but has significant impacts on well drilling and performance. The upper Permian to lower Triassic formation of Kangan/Dalan, Persian Gulf, exhibits a complex structural context in the neighborhood of the Oman Mountains and the Zagros orogenies. This formation is divided into four reservoir layers (K1 to K4) where three main lithologies (limestone, dolomite and anhydrite) are alternating. We conduct an analysis of the present-day stress and natural fractures at the wellbore using full-bore FMI logs, leak off test and density logs. For this purpose, borehole breakout and tensile fracture data are used to determine orientation of SH. Furthermore, density log, leak-off test and Kirsch equation for tensile fracture formation in the wellbores are used to calculate the magnitude of Sv, Sh and SH, respectively. Vertical stress (Sv) gradient at 3100 m depth approximates 20 MPa/km (2.9 psi/m), indicating a bulk density of 2.04 g/cm3. A total of 131 drilling induced tensile fractures and 21 breakouts with an overall length of 262 m are observed in two wells, indicating a mean maximum horizontal stress (SH) orientation of N53° (± 18.45°) for drilling-induced tensile fracture (DITF) data and N50° (± 10.79°) for breakout data. The mean orientation of SH rotates counterclockwise with depth from K2 (N70° ± 4.2°) to K4 (N40° ± 5.1°) reservoirs. Noticed correlation between these data and stress orientations from earthquake focal mechanism solution, first of all, indicates that the stresses are linked to the resistance forces generated by the Arabia-Eurasia collision at the Zagros orogeny and secondly confirms the reliability of focal mechanism solution data near continental collision zones. In the Kangan/Dalan Formation, the NW-SE main open fracture direction is found as a common regional direction which is sub-perpendicular to the present-day maximum horizontal stress. Minimum horizontal stress (Sh

  19. Assessment of disease named entity recognition on a corpus of annotated sentences. (United States)

    Jimeno, Antonio; Jimenez-Ruiz, Ernesto; Lee, Vivian; Gaudan, Sylvain; Berlanga, Rafael; Rebholz-Schuhmann, Dietrich


    that dictionary look-up already provides competitive results indicating that the use of disease terminology is highly standardized throughout the terminologies and the literature. MetaMap generates precise results at the expense of insufficient recall while our statistical method obtains better recall at a lower precision rate. Even better results in terms of precision are achieved by combining at least two of the three methods leading, but this approach again lowers recall. Altogether, our analysis gives a better understanding of the complexity of disease annotations in the literature. MetaMap and the dictionary based approach are available through the Whatizit web service infrastructure (Rebholz-Schuhmann D, Arregui M, Gaudan S, Kirsch H, Jimeno A: Text processing through Web services: Calling Whatizit. Bioinformatics 2008, 24:296-298).

  20. Assessment of disease named entity recognition on a corpus of annotated sentences

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Berlanga Rafael


    a benchmark to other systems. In addition, we found that dictionary look-up already provides competitive results indicating that the use of disease terminology is highly standardized throughout the terminologies and the literature. MetaMap generates precise results at the expense of insufficient recall while our statistical method obtains better recall at a lower precision rate. Even better results in terms of precision are achieved by combining at least two of the three methods leading, but this approach again lowers recall. Altogether, our analysis gives a better understanding of the complexity of disease annotations in the literature. MetaMap and the dictionary based approach are available through the Whatizit web service infrastructure (Rebholz-Schuhmann D, Arregui M, Gaudan S, Kirsch H, Jimeno A: Text processing through Web services: Calling Whatizit. Bioinformatics 2008, 24:296-298.

  1. Restauration adaptative des contours par une approche inspiree de la prediction des performances (United States)

    Rousseau, Kami

    'amplitudes de detecteurs " classiques " afin de fournir de nouvelles cartes d'amplitude du gradient. Le seuillage de ces contours donne des cartes de contours " optimisees ". Sur les images aeroportees du jeu de donnees South Florida, la mediane des mesures-F de la pour l'algorithme de Sobel passe de 51,3 % avant la fusion a 56,4 % apres. La mediane des mesures-F pour l'algorithme de Kirsch ameliore est de 56,3 % et celle de Frei-Chen ameliore est de 56,3 %. Pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F mediane est de 52,3 % avant fusion et de 57,2 % apres fusion. En guise de comparaison, la mesure-F mediane pour le detecteur de Moon, mathematiquement optimal pour contours de type " rampe ", est de 53,3 % et celle de l'algorithme de Canny, est de 61,1 %. L'applicabilite de notre algorithme se limite aux images qui, apres filtrage, ont un rapport signal sur bruit superieur ou egal a 20. Sur les photos au sol du jeu de donnees de South Florida, les resultats sont comparables a ceux obtenus sur les images aeroportees. Par contre, sur le jeu de donnees de Berkeley, les resultats n'ont pas ete concluants. Sur une imagette IKONOS du campus de l'Universite de Sherbrooke, pour l'algorithme de Sobel, la mesure-F est de 45,7 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 50,8 % apres. Sur une imagette IKONOS de l'Agence Spatiale Canadienne, pour l'algorithme de Sobel avec seuillage adaptatif, la mesure-F est de 35,4 % +/-0,9 % avant la fusion et de 42,2 % apres. Sur cette meme image, l'algorithme de Argyle (Canny sans post-traitement) a une mesure-F de 35,1 % +/-0,9 % avant fusion et de 39,5 % apres. Nos travaux ont permis d'ameliorer la banque d'indicateurs de Chalmond, rendant possible le pretraitement avant le seuillage de la carte de gradient. A chaque etape, nous proposons un choix de parametres permettant d'utiliser efficacement la methode proposee. Les contours corriges sont plus fins, plus complets et mieux localises que les contours originaux. Une etude de sensibilite a ete

  2. Is "Benign Childhood Epilepsy with Centrotemporal Spikes” Always Benign?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Muhammad SAEED


    centrotemporal spikes. Seizure. 2010; 19:12–16.Genizi J, Shamay-Tsoory SG, Shahar E, Yaniv S, Aharon- Perez J. Impaired social behavior in children with benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. J Child Neurol. 2012; 27:156–161.Zenkov LR, Konstantinov PA, Shiriaeva IIu, Miasnikov VN, Sirazitdinova EB, Shevel’chisnkiĭ SI. Mental and behavioral disorders in idiopathic focal epileptiform spikes. Zh Nevrol Psikhiatr Im S Korsakova. 2007; 107:39–49.Winckler MIB, Rotta NT. Prognostic factors for recurrence of a first seizure during childhood. Arq Neuropsiquiatr.1997; 55:749-756.Holmes GL. Rolandic epilepsy: clinical and electroencephalographic features. In: Degen R, Dreifuss FE, editors. Benign localized and generalized epilepsies of early childhood. Amsterdam: Elsevier ;1992: p.29-43.Gregory DL, Wong PKH. Clinical relevance of a dipole field in rolandic spikes. Epilepsia. 1992; 33:36-44.Bouma PAD, Bovenkerk AC, Westendorp RGJ, Brouwer OF. The course of benign partial epilepsy of childhood with centrotemporal spikes: a meta- analysis. Neurology. 1997; 48: 430-437.Fejerman N, Caraballo R, Tenembaum S. Atypical evolutions of benign -localization-related epilepsies in children: are they predictable? Epilepsia. 2000; 4: 380-390.Peters JM, Camfield CS, Camfield PR. Population study of benign rolandic epilepsy: is treatment needed? Neurology. 2001; 57: 537-539.Holmes GL. Rolandic epilepsy: clinical and electroencephalographic features. In Degen R, Dreifuss FE. editors. Benign localized and generalized epilepsies of early childhood. Amsterdam: Elsevier 1992:p. 29-43.Laub MC, Funke R, Kirsch CM, Oberst U. BECT: comparison of cerebral blood flow imaging, neuropsychological testing and long-term EEG findings. Epilepsy Res Suppl. 1992;6:95-98.Coppola G. Cognitive and linguistic abnormalities in benign childhood epilepsy with centrotemporal spikes. Acta Paediatr. 2011;100(5:768-772.Sarco DP, Boyer K, Lundy-Krigbaum SM, Takeoka M, Jensen F, Gregas M, Waber DP. Benign rolandic

  3. Estudio sobre muerte súbita en deportistas, 1985-1995

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mayela Valerio Hernández


    Full Text Available La relación entre el corazón y sus cambios con el ejercicio ha sido motivo de estudios desde finales del Siglo XIX y desde entonces varios autores como Niemela, Kirsch y Linzbach analizaron la muerte de deportistas encontrando en la mayor parte de los casos alteraciones en el corazón, en las coronarias y un componente arterioesclerótico importante. Esto originó el Síndrome del Corazón del Deportista, el cual consiste en la adaptación fisiológica que hace el músculo cardíaco ante el aumento del trabajo que genera el ejercicio, y se refleja en una hipertrofia global y bradicardia con presión arterial normal. La muerte súbita en deportistas es la que ocurre instantáneamente durante la actividad o minutos después de la misma. Filipedes fue el primer deportista que murió después de correr una Maratón en Atenas en el año 490 A.C. Se ha observado que los deportistas fallecidos menores de 30 años de edad, generalmente tienen un problema cardiovascular de carácter congénito y los mayores de 30 años tienen un componente arterioesclerótico severo. Tomando en cuenta estos conceptos los Doctores Mayela Valerio Hernández, Alma Reyes Guzmán y Lempira Escobar Yanes, analizaron 10 años de autopsias entre enero de 1985 y julio de 1995 en los cuales se analizaron 19.359 autopsias y de estas, 33 casos correspondieron a muerte súbita en deportistas. En todos los casos se descartó el trauma y se le hizo estudio histológico de los tejidos. El año que más casos presentó fue 1994 y la mayoría de ellos procedía de San José. De estos 33 casos, 32 fueron hombres, solo una mujer, 31 eran de raza blanca y 2 de raza negra. El mayor grupo de edad se ubicó entre 26-30 años con 10 casos. El más joven de todos tenía 12 años y el mayor 62 años, para una edad promedio de 29 años. El deporte más practicado fue el fútbol, acorde con nuestra cultura, seguido del atletismo, natación, ciclismo, baloncesto, motocross. Según la causa de

  4. List of Participants (United States)


    Heller Jagiellonian University, Krakow Samuli Hemming University of Iceland Yasuaki Hikida DESY, Hamburg Christian Hillmann Max-Planck-Institut für Gravitationsphysik, Potsdam Stephan Hoehne Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Gabriele Honecker CERN, Geneva Carlos Hoyos University of Wales, Swansea Mechthild Huebscher Consejo Superior de Investigaciones Cientificas, Madrid Matthias Ihl University of Texas at Austin Emiliano Imeroni University of Wales, Swansea Nikos Irges University of Crete Negru Iulian University of Craiova Matthias Kaminski Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität, München Stefanos Katmadas Universiteit Utrecht Shoichi Kawamoto Oxford University Christoph Keller Eidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Arjan Keurentjes Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Sadi Khodaee Institute for Advanced Studies in Basic Sciences (IASBS), Zanjan, Iran Michael Kiermaier Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA Elias Kiritsis Centre de Physique Théorique, École Polytechnique, Palaiseau and University of Crete Ingo KirschEidgenössische Technische Hochschule, Zürich Johanna Knapp CERN, Geneva Paul Koerber Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Simon Koers Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Anatoly Konechny Heriot-Watt University, Edinburgh Peter Koroteev Institute for Theoretical and Experimental Physics (ITEP), Moscow Daniel KreflLudwig-Maximilians-Universität and Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Chethan KrishnanUniversité Libre de Bruxelles Stanislav Kuperstein Université Libre de Bruxelles Alberto Lerda Università del Piemonte Orientale, Alessandria Roman Linares Universidad Autonoma Metropolitana, Iztapalapa, México Maria A Lledo Universidad de Valencia Dieter Luest Ludwig-Maximilians-Universität and Max-Planck-Institut für Physik, München Joseph Lykken Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory (Fermilab), Batavia, IL Carlo Maccaferri Vrije Universiteit, Brussel Oscar Macia Universidad de Valencia Tristan Maillard Centre de

  5. FOREWORD: Special section on electromagnetic characterization of buried obstacles (United States)

    Lesselier, Dominique; Chew, Weng Cho


    laboratory data that emulate buried objects in the ocean and where the data are very limited and the environment is highly attenuative. The forward model is employed with an integral equation approach. The inverse scattering algorithm uses the level set method as well as a binary specialized contrast source method. Though computationally intensive these approaches are expected to be effective whenever linearization of the inversion fails. Two types of antennae were tested out in the experiment, a small one and a larger one. It is found, in particular, that the smaller antenna reproduces the modelled result better than the larger one. • X Feng and M Sato, in `Pre-stack migration applied to GPR for landmine detection', investigate the testing of a ground penetrating radar with synthetic aperture, acquiring mid-point multi-offset data in the demanding situations (strong clutter) of inhomogeneous soil and rough ground and/or of steeply oblique landmines. This is done in practice with experimental data, and is thoroughly illustrated by numerical experiments in the framework of migration techniques. These techniques are tailored to provide an approximate but robust solution to the highly involved three-dimensional vector wave-field inversion problem which is relevant here. • A Kirsch, in `The factorization method for Maxwell's equations', shows how the theory of the recently introduced and much considered factorization method can be developed in a sound theoretical fashion for the time-harmonic three-dimensional Maxwell system when far-field scattering patterns are known—by constructing a binary criterion which tells whether, if a given point lies inside or outside an unknown obstacle, the shape of which is to be retrieved. The vector nature of the electromagnetic field is fully considered in this paper. This is investigated in depth both for a lossy obstacle (with lower-bounded imaginary part of the dielectric permittivity) and for a lossless one (albeit with smoothly