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Sample records for karim kanso2 faron

  1. Karim Rashid的哲学

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰

    2008-01-01

    凯瑞姆·瑞席(Karim rashid)是当今美国工业设计界的超级明星。他于1960年出生于开罗,具有埃及和英国血统。1982年获得加拿大渥太华卡勒顿大学(Carleton University)工业设计学士学位.其后又在那不勒斯继续研究生课程。他的作品擅用塑胶的缤纷色彩以及自创的许多带有KR风格的符号.人称"塑料诗人"或"艳色教主"。至今他已有上千件设计作品被各大品牌厂商投入生产.与他合作过的知名品牌包括Alessi、Georg Jensen、Umbra和Prada等。Karim Rashid特有的有机符号造型.像是某种全球通用语言.每个人都可以用自己的角度来诠释这些符号.赋予它们新的意义——这也正是他"设计民主化"宣言的体现。

  2. Ere plastikupoeet Karim Rashid / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2007-01-01

    Kairos 1960. a. sündinud disainerist Karim Rashidist, kelle lemmikmaterjaliks on plast. Tema raamatutest "Ma tahan muuta maailma" ja "Design Your Self" (2004), disainitud toodetest, Deutsche Bank VIP Lounge'i ja Ateena Semiramise hotelli (sai Sleep05 Euroopa hotellidisaini auhinna) kujundusest. 16 ill

  3. Ere plastikupoeet Karim Rashid / Kadi Lehtmets

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lehtmets, Kadi

    2007-01-01

    Kairos 1960. a. sündinud disainerist Karim Rashidist, kelle lemmikmaterjaliks on plast. Tema raamatutest "Ma tahan muuta maailma" ja "Design Your Self" (2004), disainitud toodetest, Deutsche Bank VIP Lounge'i ja Ateena Semiramise hotelli (sai Sleep05 Euroopa hotellidisaini auhinna) kujundusest. 16 ill

  4. Karim Rashid 不跨界不成活

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邓玥

    2011-01-01

    混搭元素的调情师在同时代的设计师中,Karim Rashid可谓是个多产户,3000多项设计投入生产,300多个奖项,前后在35个国家工作……这些都证明了Karim Rashid的设计传奇。Karim Rashid的设计充满了自由想象,范围也远远超过了家居设计的领域:室内外装饰、空间设计、电子产品、奢侈品,甚至情趣用品都是他感兴趣的行业,他的合作对象也遍及各地,包括花旗银行、韩国现代汽车、奥迪、三星电子、施华洛世奇……在他的字典里,不知局限为何物,外人眼中的跨界,在他看来理所应当。

  5. Karim Rashid Change%"我想改变世界"——Karim Rashid 的设计世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    @@ 纽约当代国际设计师Karim Rashid首次在欧洲博物馆举行个人展览会,向观众展现他所模拟的梦想和现实.这次展览对Rashid的设计世界作出了全面的剖析,其中囊括了他在音乐、艺术、服装和平面设计等方面的作品.

  6. BEING AND PERFORMING THE MASCULINITY IN KARIM RASLANâS GO EAST

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Collin Jerome

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper explores the concept of being and performing masculinity in Karim Raslan's short story Go East. Torn between being a man in his own terms and performing socially endorsed masculine roles and sexual desires, the protagonist, Mahmud, negotiates and transgresses gender borders, resulting in his inability to sexually perform with women and incapacity for emotional and physical intimacy with men. Yet, he overcomes his impotence through heterosexual intercourse despite imagining making love to men.

  7. Karim Rashid:我想要这个改变世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2015-01-01

    他手臂有12个纹身,几年来只穿白色和粉红色的衣服,他喜欢客串DJ,喜欢新鲜,每周会变幻家的样子,他梦想设计一切和人类有关的东西,他想改变世界。Karim Rashid这被人称为塑胶诗人、设计鬼才的设计师,其作品包罗万象,从高级香水到狗食盆都收放自如,时而可爱有趣如同玩具,时而梦幻性感如同尤物。你永远无法猜出他的下一个作品会是什么样子。

  8. Design Your Self-rethinking the Way You Are%设计由你想——访设计师Karim Rashid

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    钟广丽

    2006-01-01

    Karim Rashid 1960年出生于埃及开罗,具有一半英国血统,一半埃及血统,他先后在加拿大和意大利都不勤斯学习设计。1993年,他在纽约成立了自己的设计师事务所,并相继为许多公司进行产品设计,他的哥哥Hani Rashid是位建筑师,

  9. Anquilobléfaron filiforme adherente y otras malformaciones Ankyloblepharon filiforme adnatum and other malformations

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Josefa Rodríguez Vargas

    2003-06-01

    Full Text Available Se realizó un examen físico a un recién nacido con malformaciones presentadas en el momento del parto, de un embarazo valioso de la raza negra, presentó los párpados superior e inferior de ambos ojos unidos por finas bandas en número variable que impedían la separación y los movimientos normales. Además asociado a labio leporino y hendidura palatina. Luego de descartar otras malformaciones congénitas, fue intervenido para reparar la malformación. Su estado actual es normal, después de la recanalización de sus otras anomalías.A physical examination was made to a newborn of the black race with malformations at the time of delivery. His upper and lower eyelids were united by a variable number of fine bands that impeded the separation and the normal movements. It was also associated with cleft lip and palate. After discarding other congenital malformations, he was operated on to repair the malformation. His present state is normal after the recanalization of his other abnormalities.

  10. KARIM RASHID为CHRISTOFLE担当设计

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2011-01-01

    继2009年操刀设计了极富建筑形态的餐桌摆饰和花瓶系列产品并大获成功之后,Karlm Rashid,这位美国籍Christofle设计师,再次带着他极具表现力和实用性的新作品华丽回归人们的视野。

  11. Viajo porque preciso, volto porque te amo de Marcelo Gomes y Karim Ainouz

    National Research Council Canada - National Science Library

    Saez Gonzalez, Jesus Miguel

    2011-01-01

    ... por la lejania del hogar y los dias que aun faltan para regresar -ocultando en principio el dolor-, pero gradualmente todo parece girar, sus palabras revelan dirigirse a una mujer que lo abandono...

  12. “我想改变世界”——Karim Rashid的设计世界

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    纽约当代国际设计师Karlm Rashid首次在欧洲博物馆举行个人展览会.向观众展现他所模拟的梦想和现实。这次展览对Rashid的设计世界作出了全面的剖析,其中囊括了他在音乐、艺术、服装和平面设计等方面的作品。

  13. PEMIKIRAN HAJI ABDUL MALIK KARIM AMRULLAH (HAMKA TENTANG PARTISIPASI POLITIK PEREMPUAN DI INDONESIA TAHUN (1949 – 1963

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sarah Larasati Mantovani

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Since Mary Wollstonecraft demanded equal rights for women in all fields and denounced all forms of discrimination in her book A Vindication of the Rights of Women in 1792, feminist movements began to emerge and demand the same thing, including the right to participate in politics. Indonesia, which was still called the archipelago, then had given right to women to participate in politics. The motivation of political participation of women in Indonesia was different from that of the Westerners. The motivation of the former was based on a religious spirit, not the spirit of feminism as stated by Hamka in his book Tjemburu (Ghirah. Based on this, this research focuses on Hamka’s thought on Indonesian women political participation. The purpose of this study is to explore and analyze Hamka's thoughts, and construct them, and then associate them with the current Indonesian women political participation. This research is qualitative, based on library research, and done by reviewing, tracking, and analyzing data from the books and newspaper archives. This study uses historical and philosophical. The research data are derived from primary and secondary data sources. The primary data ones are divided into two: first, the primary data sources from Hamka's books that tell about women and women's political participation in general, and, second, the primary data sources from Hamka's books that specifically discuss about Indonesian women's political participation. Analysis of data uses deductive and reflective methods. Based on the results of this research, we can conclude that Hamka had underlined his political thought construction by making the divine revelation as the supreme law. Hamka strengthened the construction of his thought on women's political participation with the element of unity of I'tiqad. This I'tiqad unity was not only in women but also in men, so that they could work together to build a religious Muslim community. Hamka himself basically allowed women (especially a muslim woman to participate in politics as long as they had religious understanding, knowledge, and high Islamic morale, did not forget their main tasks as wives and mothers, were critical, and dare. Then it could be found as well, the two types of Indonesian women's political participation Hamka's thought, they were based on motivation and activities.

  14. VizieR Online Data Catalog: Periods of 4-10 Myr old T Tauri members of Orion OB1 (Karim+, 2016)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Karim, M. T.; Stassun, K. G.; Briceno, C.; Vivas, A. K.; Raetz, S.; Mateu, C.; Downes, J. J.; Calvet, N.; Hernandez, J.; Neuhauser, R.; Mugrauer, M.; Takahashi, H.; Tachihara, K.; Chini, R.; Cruz-Dias, G. A.; Aarnio, A.; James, D. J.; Hackstein, M.

    2017-02-01

    The Astronomia Variability Survey of Orion (CVSO) was carried out at the Llano del Hato National Astronomical Observatory in Venezuela, with the QUEST CCD mosaic camera (8000*8000pixels) on the 1m (clear aperture) Schmidt telescope, with a plate scale of 1.02''/pixel and field of view of 5.4 deg2. This V-, RC-, and IC-band multi-epoch survey, covering ~180deg2 of the Orion OB1 association, spans a time baseline of 12yr, from 1998 December to 2011 February. The 25 Ori cluster was observed by the 0.6/0.9m Schmidt-type telescope at Jena Observatory (Germany), the two 5.9'' telescopes at Observatorio Cerro Armazones (OCA, Chile), and the 1.5m reflector at the Gunma Astronomical Observatory in Japan, over four observing campaigns during the years 2010-2013. The Jena Schmidt-type telescope was equipped with the optical Schmidt Telescope Camera (STK), with an e2v 42-10 2048*2048 detector, yielding a plate scale of 1.55''/pixel and a field of view of 53'*53', thus encompassing most of the cluster. The Jena 50s exposures, all taken through the R filter, were centered on 25 Ori. A total of 8506 individual exposures were obtained in 108 nights. The Gunma 1.5m reflector observations were carried out by obtaining 60s integrations in R with the Gunma Low-resolution Spectrograph and Imager (GLOWS), which has an e2v CCD55-30 1250*1152 pixel detector with a 0.6''/pixel scale, covering a field of view of 12.5'*11.5'. Observations were obtained during four nights in year 2010. The Observatorio Cerro Armazones observations were done in the R band using the RoBoTT (Robotic Bochum TWin Telescope), which consists of twin Takahashi 150mm aperture apochromatic astrographs, each equipped with an Apogee U16M camera with a KAF-16803 4096*4096 pixel CCD, providing a 2.7°*2.7° field of view with 2.37''/pixel scale. The 60s exposures were centered on 25 Ori, spanning an area much larger than the cluster. OCA data were obtained during all YETI seasons. During the nights of 2006 January 8-15, we used the 0.9m telescope with the 8000*8000 pixel MOSAIC imager at the Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO), Arizona, USA, to obtain IC-band time-series observations of several regions in the Orion OB1 association, including the 25 Ori cluster in the OB1a subassociation, and fields in the OB1b subassociation, under NOAO program 2005B-0529. (1 data file).

  15. Karim Benmiloud et Alba Lara-Alengrin, Tres escritoras mexicanas. Elena Poniatwoska, Ana García Bergua, Cristina Rivera Garza

    OpenAIRE

    Ponce, Néstor

    2014-01-01

    Las Presses Universitaires de Rennes acaban de publicar un volumen de crítica sobre tres escritoras mexicanas contemporáneas : Elena Poniatwoska, Ana García Bergua y Cristina Rivera Garza. El libro reúne dieciocho estudios de especialistas en la literatura y la cultura de ese país, y se completa con una introducción de los dos coordinadores, con una conclusión (“colofón”) de Alba Lara-Alengrin y con tres textos de presentación de las tres autoras. En estas páginas, las escritoras vuelven sobr...

  16. Sluglett Peter with Weber Stefan (éd., Syria and Bilad al-Sham under Ottoman Rule. Essays in honour of Abdul-Karim Rafeq, Leyde, Brill, 2010, 633 p.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Catherine Mayeur-Jaouen

    2013-10-01

    Full Text Available Un an avant le printemps arabe de 2011 qui coïncida avec son quatre-vingtième annniversaire, le grand historien syrien Abdulkarim Rafeq s’était vu offrir en 2010 ce beau volume de Mélanges, fruit d’un colloque tenu en 2004 à Damas et à Beyrouth. La cohérence de l’œuvre de Rafeq (l’histoire du Bilād al-Shām ottoman à travers les archives dont il est un connaisseur hors pair comme le caractère bilingue de sa formation (Collège américain à Alep, Université syrienne à Damas, un doctorat à la SOA...

  17. 纽约,私家设计展

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karim; Rashid; 刘峰; Jean; Francois; Jussaud

    2007-01-01

    设计师Karim Rashid和太太大多数时间生活在纽约的Loft里。谈起他们的Loft之家,Karim Rashid总是回味无限:"我设计了一个极具Cartesian式,并拥有白色环氧橡胶地板的画廊般的空间……"Karim Rashid太喜欢这间"画廊"了,就像他坦陈自己是太喜欢纽约生活的"城市动物"一般。的确,这个Loft之家贴满了

  18. A new species of the genus Iris L. (Iridaceae Juss. from the Ferghana Valley

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    K. Sh. Tojibaev

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available A new species of Iridaceae, Iris austrotschatkalica Tojibaev, F. Karim. et Turgunov from Fergana valley is described. A morphological description is given and differences from related species are discussed.

  19. Approach to sensor node calibration for efficient localisation in wireless sensor networks in realistic scenarios

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Mwila, MK

    2014-06-01

    Full Text Available Conference on Ambient Systems, Networks and Technologies (ANT-2014) Approach to Sensor Node Calibration for Efficient Localisation in Wireless Sensor Networks in Realistic Scenarios Martin K. Mwilaa, Karim Djouanib, Anish Kurienc,∗ a...

  20. Antidiarrhoeal activity of aqueous extract of Combretum sericeum ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    STORAGESEVER

    2008-09-03

    Sep 3, 2008 ... The acute toxicity study was carried out based on the method described by .... prostaglandin (Karim and Adaikan, 1977) or cholera toxin. (Farack et al. ... Dicarlo GE, Mascolo N, Izzo AA, Cappasso F, Autore G (1994). Effect.

  1. Prince Mohammed Abd al-Karim al-Khattabi: his life and struggle against colonialism الأمير محمد عبد الكريم الخطابي: حياته وكفاحه ضد الاستعمار

    OpenAIRE

    Hassan Elbadawy

    2009-01-01

    إننا بصدد الحديث عن فترة من أهم فترات تاريخنا الحديث والمعاصر، فترة شهد فيها ‏العالم أبشع صور التكالب الاستعماري، لنهب واستنزاف خيرات وموارد الشعوب ‏الضعيفة والمغلوبة على أمرها، ولما كان الوطن العربي قد شغل الجزء الشمالي للقارة ‏الإفريقية بأكمله، إضافة إلى منطقة الشمال الغربي لقارة آسيا، لذا فقد عُد من أهم المناطق ‏إستراتيجية في العالم، لما كان العرب قد سيطروا من زمن بعيد، بحكم هذا الموقع المُتميز ‏في طرق تجارة الحرير القادمة من الصين، وتجارة البُهار القادمة من الهند، ولعدة قرون ‏قبل اكتشاف ط...

  2. 数字时代的物质演绎——凯瑞姆·瑞席家具设计特征分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    安昊

    2013-01-01

    凯瑞姆·瑞席(Karim Rashid)作为当今美国著名的工业设计巨星,其设计作品以独特的艺术风格闻名世界。凯瑞姆·瑞席(Karim Rashid)以民主设计感闻名,其设计作品无论从材质、造型、色彩等方面具有强烈的时代特征,他与众不同的设计风格改变了产品设计的美学和消费文化的本质。本文将结合新的时代背景对凯瑞姆·瑞席(Karim Rashid)家具设计的特征以及产生的背景做详细分析。

  3. Crisis of Representation in Wole Soyinka's Season of Anomy

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    Perhaps one of the more consistent elements of Wole Soyinka’s work has been a commitment to an individual will that refuses collective mobilization. Aisha Karim argues that Soyinka’s novel Season of Anomy marks a departure from any commitment as such that opens the text to new political possibilities. But while Season of Anomy presents us with an alternative to the politics and poetics that underlie Soyinka’s dramatic output, Karim maintains that it does so only insofar as it imagines itself ...

  4. Clay minerals and Sr-Nd isotopes of the sediments along the western margin of India and their implication for sediment provenance

    Digital Repository Service at National Institute of Oceanography (India)

    Kessarkar, P.M.; Rao, V.P.; Ahmad, S.M.; Babu, G.A.

    . Sr (Karim and Veizer, 2000) and Nd (Clift et al., 2002) isotopes for the sediments of the Indus River, Sr and Nd isotopes of the di¡erent Deccan Traps formations (Light- foot et al., 1990) and Sr and Nd (Peucat et al., 1989) or Nd isotopes (Harris et... of the di¡erent geological forma- tions, see legend to (A). The 87 Sr/ 86 Sr ratios and O Nd of the river sediments and geological formations (after Peucat et al., 1989; Lightfoot et al., 1990; Harris et al., 1994; Karim and Veizer, 2000; Clift et al., 2002...

  5. R : disaini alfabeet / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Ameerika graafilise disaini euroopalikumaks muutjat Paul Rand'i, sisearhitekti Toivo Raidmetsa, rahvusvahelise taustaga disainerit Karim Rashid'i, keraamikut ja pedagoogi Leo Rohlinit ja kunsti radikaalseks uuendamiseks asutatud rühmituse (1917.a.) De Stijl üht hilisemat liiget Gerrit Rietveldi

  6. Soft Tectonics

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Ramsgaard Thomsen, Mette

    2011-01-01

    , and how we experience the human body. Featuring interviews with renowned designers, architects and trend forecasters – among them Karim Rashid, Toyo Ito and Li Edelkoort – and over 250 illustrations of futuristic products and concepts, this is a unique guide to some of the twenty-first century’s most...

  7. R : disaini alfabeet / Kai Lobjakas

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lobjakas, Kai, 1975-

    2007-01-01

    Tutvustatakse Ameerika graafilise disaini euroopalikumaks muutjat Paul Rand'i, sisearhitekti Toivo Raidmetsa, rahvusvahelise taustaga disainerit Karim Rashid'i, keraamikut ja pedagoogi Leo Rohlinit ja kunsti radikaalseks uuendamiseks asutatud rühmituse (1917.a.) De Stijl üht hilisemat liiget Gerrit Rietveldi

  8. Extending Methods: Using Bourdieu's Field Analysis to Further Investigate Taste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimick, Alexandra Schindel

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary on Per Anderhag, Per-Olof Wickman and Karim Hamza's article "Signs of taste for science," I consider how their study is situated within the concern for the role of science education in the social and cultural production of inequality. Their article provides a finely detailed methodology for analyzing the constitution…

  9. TINJAUAN KRIMINOLOGIS TERHADAP KOMERSIALISASI SEKS YANG MENGORBANKAN ANAK DI KOTA MAKASSAR

    OpenAIRE

    -, SURYANINGSIH

    2013-01-01

    2013 SURYANINGSIH (B 111 09 470). Tinjauan Kriminologis Terhadap Komersialisasi Seks Yang Mengorbankan Anak Di Kota Makassar. (dibimbing oleh Said Karim selaku pembimbing I dan Haeranah selaku Pembimbing II). Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk mengetahui apa faktor penyebab terjadinya komersialisasi seks yang mengorbankan anak dan bagaimana upaya pencegahan maupun penanggulangan terhadap komersialisasi seks yang mengorbankan anak ...

  10. Agro 2012 June

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Quality Attributes of Tapioca Meal Fortified With Defatted Soy Flour. 1. 1. 1. 2. Balogun M.A.*, Karim ... 2Department of Food Technology, Federal Polytechnic, Offa. ... Among the starchy staples, cassava gives a carbohydrate production of ... protein provides a source of low- cost protein with good nutritional value (Iwe, 2003).

  11. 75 FR 14258 - Unblocking of Specially Designated Nationals Pursuant to Executive Order 13224

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-03-24

    ..., Ahmad), c/o Ahmed Shah s/o Painda Mohammad al-Karim Set, Peshawar, Pakistan; c/o Alam General Store Shop 17, Awami Market, Peshawar, Pakistan; c/o Zahir Shah s/o Murad Khan Ander Sher, Peshawar, Pakistan...

  12. Clove, Kalonji and Taramira

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    sunny

    2014-11-12

    Nov 12, 2014 ... sources including plants and plant based products. (Mandal et al., 2010). ... 27% of protein (Flanders and Abdul Karim, 1985). It resists drought .... of Taramira oil. In the early experiments, we also used rice bran in order to ...

  13. Extending Methods: Using Bourdieu's Field Analysis to Further Investigate Taste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dimick, Alexandra Schindel

    2015-01-01

    In this commentary on Per Anderhag, Per-Olof Wickman and Karim Hamza's article "Signs of taste for science," I consider how their study is situated within the concern for the role of science education in the social and cultural production of inequality. Their article provides a finely detailed methodology for analyzing the constitution…

  14. history repeats itself : saddam and the ancient mesopotamian royal ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    harkhu

    Middle Assyrian Period (northern Mesopotamia) c.1400- .... the age of twenty he joined the anti-government Ba'ath Party. .... al-Karim Qassim (1914-1963), the Iraqi regent was dragged by a mob through the ..... woman psychic in times of crisis.

  15. NSAIDs for prevention of pancreatitis after endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography: Ready for prime time?

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Mansour A Parsi

    2012-01-01

    Acute pancreatitis is the most common and the most fearful complication of endoscopic retrograde cholangiopancreatography (ERCP).Prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis has therefore been of great interest to endoscopists performing ERCP procedures.So far,only pancreatic duct stenting during ERCP and rectal administration of a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) prior to or immediately after ERCP have been consistently shown to be effective for prevention of post-ERCP pancreatitis.This commentary focuses on a short discussion about the rates,mechanisms,and risk factors for post-ERCP pancreatitis,and effective means for its prevention with emphasis on the use of NSAIDs including a recent clinical trial published in The New England Journal of Medicine by Elmunzer et al[11].

  16. Bacterial enteropathogens associated with diarrhea in a rural population of Haiti

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jackson JC

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available John C Jackson, Anthony L Farone, Mary B Farone Biology Department, Middle Tennessee State University, Murfreesboro, Tennessee, USA Purpose: Diarrheal disease is one of the leading causes of morbidity in developing countries. To further understand the epidemiology of diarrheal disease among a rural population surrounding Robillard, Haiti, fecal swabs from patients with diarrhea were screened for the presence of enteropathogenic bacteria. Patients and methods: Fecal swabs were collected from 34 patients with signs and symptoms of diarrhea and stored in BBLTM Cary-Blair transport medium (Becton, Dickinson and Company, Sparks, MD until transit to the USA. Swab material was inoculated on to different enrichment and selective agars for incubation. Fermenting and nonfermenting bacteria that grew on the enteric selection media were identified by the BBLTM CrystalTM Enteric/Nonferementing Identification system (Becton, Dickinson and Company. Organisms identified as Escherichia coli were further screened for the presence of virulence factors by polymerase chain reaction (PCR. Results: Of 34 patients, no Campylobacter, Shigella, Salmonella, or Vibrio spp. were isolated from swabs transported to the USA for culture. Of 73 E. coli isolates cultured from the swabs, one enteropathogenic strain of E. coli was identified by multiplex PCR. Escherichia fergusonii and Cronobacter sakazakii, both potential gastrointestinal pathogens, were also isolated from patient stools. Conclusion: This study was undertaken to determine if bacterial enteropathogens could be detected in the stools of patients suffering from diarrhea or dysentery and, in the absence of sufficient facilities, rectal swabs could be transported to the USA for culture. Although several genera of overt enteropathogens were not detected, one enteropathogenic E. coli and other pathogenic enterobacteriaceae were successfully cultured and identified. Keywords: Escherichia, Cronobacter, diarrheagenic, stool

  17. The Body As Cogito: A Certain Contemporary Film In The Light of Merleau-Ponty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Julio Bezerra

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Contemporary film is displaying a kind of "transnational new wave" that seems unique since the mid-60s. Filmmakers as diverse as Tsai Ming-Liang, Karim Aïnouz, and Apichatpong Weerasethakul, show a similar sensitivity towards the values of the world and of the cinema. What brings the work of these directors together is the taste for a realism more focused on the phenomenon of experience, on issues of skin and surface, and a different look at the body. Our hypothesis is that the phenomenology of Merleau-Ponty provides us with valuable tools to broaden the debate. The discussion will be carried out by an analysis of the work of Tsai Ming-Liang, Apichatpong Weerasethakul and Karim Aïnouz.

  18. Crisis of Representation in Wole Soyinka's Season of Anomy

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aisha Karim

    2009-03-01

    Full Text Available Perhaps one of the more consistent elements of Wole Soyinka’s work has been a commitment to an individual will that refuses collective mobilization. Aisha Karim argues that Soyinka’s novel Season of Anomy marks a departure from any commitment as such that opens the text to new political possibilities. But while Season of Anomy presents us with an alternative to the politics and poetics that underlie Soyinka’s dramatic output, Karim maintains that it does so only insofar as it imagines itself as a “failed text.” What emerges as a crisis of representation within the text consequently allows the reader to recognize herself as the agent of change on the level of the social.

  19. LIVING IN LIMBO: THE BUDDHA OF SUBURBIA AND THE FINAL PASSAGE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Jenny M. Djundjung

    2001-01-01

    Full Text Available Karim and Leila live between two cultures that are considered to be in two polar opposites, the cultures of the white and the black. Because of their parentage, they belong to both cultures and yet they do not belong to either one. The white British regards Karim as "the other", but he also regards an India born Indian to be "the other". Whereas Leila, is also regarded as "the other" in the Caribbean village where she grew up and yet, when she has immigrated to London, she regards the other Caribbean immigrant as "the other". This means that both of them have shifted their position from "the other" to "the self" in their attempt to find a place where they belong. The feeling of not belonged, puts them in a state of limbo; a state that is loaded with anxieties, questions and conflicts as they are unable to find an anchor that they can grip on.

  20. Kaks vastandit / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2005-01-01

    Saksa disainerist Konstantin Grcic'ist (s. 1965), kes kasutab materjalidest palju plasti (üks kuulsamaid töid on sõrestiktool "stool one"). Egiptuses sündinud Kanadas üles kasvanud disainerist Karim Rashid'ist (s. 1960), kelle lemmikmaterjaliks on samuti plast. Ühistööna valminud ideaalkodu installatsioonist Kölni mööblimessil 2003. a.

  1. Asus EeePC 1008P KR挑战电脑时尚新界限 让设计没有负担

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    王颖鑫; 梁栋(摄影)

    2010-01-01

    华硕EeePC携手素有“设计金童“之誉的纽约天才设计师卡里姆·拉希德(Karim Rashid),共同打造了时尚精品EeePC 1008P KR。流光溢彩动感设计的ShinePink。彻底拒绝平淡。

  2. Lacie Skwarim 移动硬盘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    也许因为生就便是为了携带数据,所以移动硬盘大多在外观上略偏严肃,带点神秘色彩。而Lacie本次推出的Skwarim移动硬盘就另辟蹊径,它由世界知名设计师Karim Rashid亲自操刀设计。

  3. JPRS Report, Near East & South Asia, Egypt

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Palestinian problem. He stated: "We are not lovers of bloodshed, because we are a nation Wedding Ceremonies that has been sent to spread good, love, and peace...in ancient Greek mythology who was condemned forever to roll a rock uphill, whence it rolled back down again. [Text] The major leader of a leftist...Karim demands that those who work in night clubs and weddings . Monitoring the paragraph forbidding venture seizure in Article 8 be agencies within the

  4. Index to FAA Office of Aviation Medicine Reports: 1961 through 1998.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1999-01-01

    A., Funkhouser, G. E., and Galerston, E. M: The effects of body thermal state on manual performance. AD675522 68-14 Cobb, B. B., Jr: A...coronary heart disease susceptibility in the third- class airman population. AD749278 72-27 Karim, B., Bergey , K. H., Chandler, R. F., Hasbrook, A. H...preservers: Four representative types. ADA237120 91-7 Turner, J.W., and Huntley, M. S. Jr: The use and design of flightcrew checklists and manuals

  5. 简讯

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2002-01-01

    His Excellency, Karim Ebrahim Al-Shakar, Ambassador of the Kingdom ofBahrain to the People's Republic of China,recently presented a checkto Gu Xiulian,ACWF Vice-president,on behalf of H.H.Shaikha SabeekaBint Ibrahim Al-Khalifa, Wife of H.M.King of the Bahrain.The presentation tookplace at a dinner reception at the ambassador's residence

  6. Status of simulation in health care education: an international survey

    OpenAIRE

    Qayumi K; Pachev G; Zheng B.; Ziv A; Koval V; Badiei S; Cheng A

    2014-01-01

    Karim Qayumi,1 George Pachev,2 Bin Zheng,3 Amitai Ziv,4 Valentyna Koval,1 Sadia Badiei,5 Adam Cheng6 1Center of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation, Department of Surgery, 2Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 3Surgical Simulation Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; 4Israel Center for Medical Simulation, Chaim Sheba Medical Center and Sac...

  7. Kaks vastandit / Anneliis Aunapuu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Aunapuu, Anneliis

    2005-01-01

    Saksa disainerist Konstantin Grcic'ist (s. 1965), kes kasutab materjalidest palju plasti (üks kuulsamaid töid on sõrestiktool "stool one"). Egiptuses sündinud Kanadas üles kasvanud disainerist Karim Rashid'ist (s. 1960), kelle lemmikmaterjaliks on samuti plast. Ühistööna valminud ideaalkodu installatsioonist Kölni mööblimessil 2003. a.

  8. Medical Surveillance Monthly Report (MSMR). Volume 10, Number 4, July/August 2004

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-08-01

    1,280) to B. abortus and a blood isolate of Brucella spp (later identified as B. melitensis ). The patient’s clinical course and laboratory test...workers, butchers, veterinarians) who have frequent close contact with animals (particularly cattle, pigs, goats , and sheep). Isolated cases and outbreaks...region. Vet Microbiol 2002 Dec 20;90(1-4):81-110. 3. Karim MA, Penjouian EK, Dessouky FI. The prevalence of brucellosis among sheep and goats in

  9. Plasmonic Aptamer-Gold Nanoparticle Sensors for Small Molecule Fingerprint Identification

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-01

    Acknowledgements This work was partially funded by the Air Force Office of Scientific Research and the Defense Forensic Science Center...Pristinski, M. L. Becker, A. Karim, J. F. Douglas, ACS Nano, 2010, 4(1), 365-379 41. C. H. Lin, D. J. Patel, Chemistry & Biology, 1997, 4(11), 817...Cincinnati, 812 Rhodes Hall, Cincinnati, OH 45221, United States c Current address: College of Arts and Sciences, Department of Chemistry and

  10. Instrumentation and Metrology for Nanotechnology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2004-01-29

    transition these technologies to production. Crosscut – Computational Science Issues Co-chairs: Ronald Boisvert (NIST), Alan Karr (National...Janes, Purdue University Al Koenig, Ben Franklin NTI Alamgir Karim, NIST Barbara Karn, EPA Manny Karos, FDA Alan Karr, National... Prieto , J. A. Longoria, S. Ramesh, R. Saini, C. Kittrell, W. E. Billups, W. W. Adams, R. H. Hauge, R. E. Smalley, and M. Pasquali, Phase behavior

  11. 笔记本电脑的"时装秀"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2010-01-01

    @@ 华硕EeePC 风格独特,富有个性的签名 华硕携手素有"设计金童"之誉的纽约天才设计师卡里姆拉希德(Karim Rashid),共同打遗跨界设计精品EeePC1008PKR.流光溢彩的ShinePink,波浪纹的动感设计,拒绝平淡,彰显个性活力都市风尚.

  12. SEMIRAMIS,动感地带

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2007-01-01

    当你授予一位像卡里姆·拉希德(Karim Rashid)那样热门的设计师对建筑物及其室内的每一个细节都有自由支配和控制的权力时会发生什么?位于希腊雅典的塞米勒米斯(SEMIRAMIS)设计酒店就是一个最好的例子。

  13. Veuve Globalight香槟架

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2008-01-01

    由设计大师Karim Rashid为Veuve Clicquot专门设计的香槟架Globalight可以连续冷冻香槟2-4个小时,从而保持良好的口感。当然,它的出色之处并不仅在于它的冷冻功能上,而在于它美妙的外观和新颖的设计:

  14. 弧角的设计理念

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    蒋丽

    2016-01-01

    意大利品牌Rastelli的宗旨是集聚顶级设计师和高品质产品,以打造现代奢华型的厨房设计。该品牌最新推出的Karan厨房设计师为Karim Rashid。其设计理念的核心是一个带有锥形曲线的开放型岛状底座,将家人和客人聚成一个圈。

  15. Impact of incident and prevalent herpes simplex virus-2 infection on the incidence of HIV-1 infection among commercial sex workers in South Africa

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Ramjee, G

    2005-07-01

    Full Text Available , Grosskurth H, et al. Cost-effectiveness of improved treatment services for sexually transmitted diseases in preventing HIV-1 infection in Mwanza Region, Tanzania. Lancet. 1997;350:1805?1809. 19. Ramjee G, Abdool Karim SS, Sturm A. Sexually transmitted... virus type II (HSV-2) infection is the most1,2 and may increase the risk of HIV-1 transmission to women through disruption and inflammation of the epithelial barrier.3 Recent studies reveal that even in the absence of genital ulcer disease, there is a...

  16. Positivity Preserving Interpolation Using Rational Bicubic Spline

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samsul Ariffin Abdul Karim

    2015-01-01

    Full Text Available This paper discusses the positivity preserving interpolation for positive surfaces data by extending the C1 rational cubic spline interpolant of Karim and Kong to the bivariate cases. The partially blended rational bicubic spline has 12 parameters in the descriptions where 8 of them are free parameters. The sufficient conditions for the positivity are derived on every four boundary curves network on the rectangular patch. Numerical comparison with existing schemes also has been done in detail. Based on Root Mean Square Error (RMSE, our partially blended rational bicubic spline is on a par with the established methods.

  17. Molecular detection of plant pathogenic bacteria using polymerase chain reaction single-strand conformation polymorphism

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Chandrashekar Srinivasa; Umesha Sharanaiah; Chandan Shivamallu

    2012-01-01

    The application of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) technology to molecular diagnostics holds great promise for the early identification of agriculturally important plant pathogens.Ralstonia solanacearum,Xanthomoans axonopodis pv.vesicatoria,and Xanthomonas oryzae pv.oryzae are phytopathogenic bacteria,which can infect vegetables,cause severe yield loss.PCR-single-strand conformation polymorphism (PCR-SSCP) is a simple and powerful technique for identifying sequence changes in amplified DNA.The technique of PCR-SSCP is being exploited so far,only to detect and diagnose human bacterial pathogens in addition to plant pathogenic fungi.Selective media and serology are the commonly used methods for the detection of plant pathogens in infected plant materials.In this study,we developed PCR-SSCP technique to identify phytopathogenic bacteria.The PCR product was denatured and separated on a non-denaturing polyacrylamide gel.SSCP banding patterns were detected by silver staining of nucleic acids.We tested over 56 isolates of R. solanacearum,44 isolates of X. axonopodis pv.vesicatoria,and 20 isolates of X.oryzae pv.oryzae.With the use of universal primer 16S rRNA,we could discriminate such species at the genus and species levels.Speciesspecific patterns were obtained for bacteria R.solanacearum,X.axonopodis pv.vesicatoria,and X.oryzae pv.oryzae.The potential use of PCR-SSCP technique for the detection and diagnosis of phytobacterial pathogens is discussed in the present paper.

  18. Automatic Digital Plate Reading for Surveillance Cultures.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kirn, Thomas J

    2016-10-01

    The automation of specimen processing and culture workup has rapidly emerged in clinical microbiology laboratories throughout the world and more recently in the United States. While many U.S. laboratories have implemented some form of automated specimen processing and some have begun performing digital plate reading, automated colony analysis is just beginning to be utilized clinically. In this issue of the Journal of Clinical Microbiology, M. L. Faron et al. (J Clin Microbiol 54:2470-2475, 2016, http://dx.doi.org/10.1128/JCM.01040-16) report the results of their evaluation of the performance of the WASPLab Chromogenic Detection Module (CDM) for categorizing chromogenic agar plates as negative or "nonnegative" for vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE). Their major finding was 100% sensitivity for detection of "nonnegative" specimens using CDM compared to manual methods for specimens plated on two different types of VRE chromogenic agar plates. Additionally, utilization of digital plate reading in conjunction with automated colony analysis was predicted to result in significant savings based on greatly reduced labor costs. Copyright © 2016, American Society for Microbiology. All Rights Reserved.

  19. 环球沙龙%World Lounge

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2009-01-01

    环球沙龙是设计师Karim Rashid为土耳其的Yapive Kredi Bankasi公司设计的一间豪华休息室。项目位于伊斯坦布尔国际机场,面积为435平方米,于去年9月完成。室内设计充满着设计师的标志性的设计色彩与形式语言,明亮绚丽的色彩,柔和而流动的流线,丰富的充满秩序与韵律的线条,具有未来主义色彩特征,让人耳目一新。设计师Karim Rashid说,我开始是想要把它成设计成一个“灯塔”,让人们在过多的餐厅和免税商品中,找到独特的体验。

  20. 设计鬼才的第22个红点奖

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Boconcept; 赵雨思

    2013-01-01

    Karim Rashid是当今美国工业设计界最耀眼的明星。今年,这位设计鬼才迎来了自己生涯中的第22个红点奖,他为Boconcept打造的Ottawa系列,以独特的设计细节赢得了红点大奖37位评委的一致认可。Karim Rashid是当今美国工业设计界最耀眼的明星。1960年生于埃及开罗的他,拥有埃及与英国双重血统。1993年时,Karim在美国纽约开设了自己的工作室,其后,超过3000项设计作品的投产摘得300余设计奖项等荣誉,造就了他的设计传奇。Karim的双臂上共有12个纹身,分别代表着自由、轻盈、全球化、爱、灵魂……

  1. Functional Response of Aphidoletes aphidimyza Rondani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) to Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae): Effects of Vermicompost and Host Plant Cultivar.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mottaghinia, L; Hassanpour, M; Razmjou, J; Hosseini, M; Chamani, E

    2016-02-01

    Interactions between natural enemies and herbivores may be affected by application of fertilizers and different cultivars. We investigated the functional response of the predatory gall midge, Aphidoletes aphidimyza Rondani (Diptera: Cecidomyiidae) larvae to the nymphs of the melon aphid, Aphis gossypii Glover (Hemiptera: Aphididae), reared on two commonly grown cucumber cultivars in Iran (Khasib and Karim) treated with different vermicompost/soil ratios (0:100, 10:90, 20:80, and 30:70%). Based on logistic regression analysis, A. aphidimyza revealed a type II functional response to the aphid in all treatments. Attack rates and handling times of A. aphidimyza larvae on different vermicompost/soil ratios ranged from 0.076 to 0.140 h(-1) and 0.969 to 1.164 h on Khasib and from 0.092 to 0.123 h(-1) and 0.905 to 1.229 h on Karim, respectively. Furthermore, increasing the density of the melon aphid on both cultivars amended with vermicompost/soil ratios resulted in increased prey consumption by the predator. Density of trichomes increased when plants received higher concentrations of vermicompost. So, trichomes may be responsible for different attack rates and handling times of A. aphidimyza on both cultivars.

  2. Quantifying relationships between rooting traits and water uptake under drought in Mediterranean barley and durum wheat

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Pedro Carvalho; Sayed AzamAli; M. John Foulkes

    2014-01-01

    In Mediterranean regions drought is the major factor limiting spring barley and durum wheat grain yields. This study aimed to compare spring barley and durum wheat root and shoot responses to drought and quantify relationships between root traits and water uptake under terminal drought. One spring barley (Hordeum vulgare L. cv. Rum) and two durum wheat Mediterranean cultivars (Triticum turgidum L. var durum cvs Hourani and Karim) were examined in soil-column experi-ments under wel watered and drought conditions. Root system architecture traits, water uptake, and plant growth were measured. Barley aerial biomass and grain yields were higher than for durum wheat cultivars in wel watered conditions. Drought decreased grain yield more for barley (47%) than durum wheat (30%, Hourani). Root-to-shoot dry matter ratio increased for durum wheat under drought but not for barley, and root weight increased for wheat in response to drought but decreased for barley. The critical root length density (RLD) and root volume density (RVD) for 90%available water capture for wheat were similar to (cv. Hourani) or lower than (cv. Karim) for barley depending on wheat cultivar. For both species, RVD accounted for a slightly higher proportion of phenotypic variation in water uptake under drought than RLD.

  3. [Competitiveness of hard wheat (Triticum durum Desf.) varieties against ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth)].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hamal, A; Benbella, M; Rzozi, S B; Bouhache, M; Msatef, Y

    2001-01-01

    Varieties with an excellent competitiveness against ripgut brome (Bromus rigidus Roth.) would be very important to reinforce others methods to control ripgut brome weed. This study was carried out in 1999-2000 season in a greenhouse experiment to test the aggressiveness degree of six varieties of hard wheat (Oum Rabia, Isly, Marzak, Karim, Sebou, and Massa) combined with ripgut brome. Plant density was fixed at 16 plants of wheat or Bromus for pure crop and 8 plants for wheat and 8 for Bromus mixture. The results showed that the numbers of kernels/spikes were higher in the mixture for on pure composition. For the kernel weight, the result was opposite except for Isly and Marzak varieties. Karim and Isly varieties obtained the highest grain yield and were more competitive in mixture composition but Sebou and Massa varieties were less competitive against ripgut brome. Results of ripgut brome productivity and water use efficiency were similar and were used to determine the aggressiveness coefficient of hard wheat varieties against ripgut brome. The reduction of the shoot dry matter of brome was 22 to 56% at flowering. The grain yield of brome was reduced from 57 to 81%.

  4. GENEALOGI DAN PENYEBARAN THARIQAH QADIRIYAH WA NAQSHABANDIYAH DI JAWA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Aly Mashar

    2016-11-01

    Full Text Available This article investigates the geneology and spread of Thariqah Qadiriyah wa Naqshabandiyah in Java. Based on the previous literatures (Dhofier, Martin van Bruinessen, Zulkifli, and Mulyati, it was found out that in Java the genealogy of the thariqah formed by Syekh Ahmad Khatib Sambas directed to the three primary khalifah, i.e. Syekh Abdul Karim Banten, Syekh Ahmad Thalhah Cirebon, and Syekh Muhammad Hasbullah Madura, then spread out across Java Island through the four centers (on 1970s, such as Suryalaya, Rejoso, Mranggen, and Pangentongan. However, the writer found out that there were four khalifahs, including Syekhona Kholil Bangkalan Madura; with the nine dissemination centers (in 1970s including Berjan Purworejo, Sawah Pulo Surabaya, Cukir Jombang, Kencong Kediri, and Dawe Kudus.

  5. 鲜活的力量

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karim Rashid

    2014-01-01

    设计鬼才Karim Rashid在工业设计上一直建树不断。Purho Tabletop系列更彰显了Karim的设计个性。动感、奢华、具有启发性,一直是他作品的标签。而Purho Tabletop更是着重地发挥了工匠精湛的手工艺及新型有机技术的应用。不管是吹制的玻璃还是几何线条的瓶身,抑或是艺术感十足的人脸花纹,

  6. 倾斜的色彩空间

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘峰; Tom; Vack

    2007-01-01

    如同餐厅的名字“歪斜”一样,设计师Karim Rashid在此方空间中也玩起了相同的概念。从吧台剖面、隔墙、磨砂玻璃隔窗,甚至天花板上延伸出的装饰灯槽,都被设计成了非90度角的切线造型,将空间中的不规则感推向极致,由此形成的众多成角度的结构关系则创造出了很多动态的视点。空间虽不算宽阔,但在不同的角度却都有着截然不同的视觉感受。

  7. 设计新品

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘轶楠

    2012-01-01

    O1自然灵感(boconcept北欧风情)Karim Rashid首次为北殴风情设计了一整套餐厅家具。Ottawa系列中叶片形状的座椅,与树枝样式椅腿设计源于大自然的启迪,餐椅的造型圆润,可选择不同的颜色与材质,餐桌采用同样细腻的手法,隐藏式的伸缩结构设计,延展开司供14人同时使用,这也让人想起了五六十年代丹麦家具的实用特点。

  8. 优雅外观 炫动你心 华硕贝壳鼠标上市

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭壮

    2011-01-01

    华硕针对年轻时尚的达人,推出了一款拥有六种颜色的鼠标——贝壳鼠标UT-Seashell,它拥有黑色、白色、蓝色、粉色、粉紫色、棕色可选。其中限量版发行的粉紫色和棕色是由被誉为塑料诗人的纽约十大设计师Karim Rashid设计,他勾勒未来世界的设计风格提升了贝壳鼠标的时尚元素,满足众多用户的时尚需求。

  9. 少数派试验室 加拿大皇后大学人类媒体实验室%THE MINORITY LAB,HUMAN MEDIA LAB IN QUEENS UNIVERSITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Karim Rashid

    2012-01-01

    实验室和其他的一些工作环境,因为其设计时首先考虑的是功能性,一般来说,不会有太特别的设计,然而这些直线条的设计往往不适合创新思维。相反,加拿大皇后大学的人类媒体实验室则在设计时以整个空间的关系为出发点,用连续的流线型桌面连接起资料室和办公室,满足功能的需要。墙壁和窗户是灵活和灵动的,绝不是简单的直线条。因为它出自纽约设计红人——Karim Rashid之手。

  10. Lacie Skwarim移动硬盘

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    21世纪的商务办公是什么Style?是奢侈!是品牌!忘掉性能参数和指标吧,能表现你的品位才是最重要的!由世界知名设计师Karim Rashid亲自操刀设计的Lacie Skwarim移动硬盘在技术上已太普通不过,但大师的手笔下靛蓝色与靓粉色的塑料颗粒外壳设计不仅为其内娇小的1.8英寸硬盘提供了全方位的保护,

  11. Bladder injuries frequently missed in polytrauma patients

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tanweer Karim

    2010-05-01

    Full Text Available Tanweer Karim, Margaret Topno, Vinod Sharma, Raymond Picardo, Ankur HastirSurgery, MGM Medical College, Kamothe, Navi Mumbai, IndiaAbstract: Bladder injuries are very common in patients who have had road traffic accidents. The method of diagnosis and management of such injuries is well established and accepted. However, trauma to the bladder can be associated with other life-threatening injuries which are frequently missed, and often diagnosed during laparotomy for other reasons. The aim of this study was to diagnose bladder injury in polytrauma patients as early as possible, taking into consideration the fact that these patients are hemodynamically unstable and require rapid evaluation and management. In order to achieve our objective, we used bedside sonography with retrograde instillation of normal saline to diagnose bladder injury in addition to use of the conventional retrograde cystogram.Keywords: bladder injury, bladder rupture, retrograde cystogram

  12. PARIWISATA; ANTARA TUNTUTAN INDUSTRI DAN KEARIFAN LOKAL

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abuya Busro Karim

    2012-05-01

    Full Text Available     Abuya Busro Karim (Penulis, Bupati Sumenep periode 2010-2015. e-mail: busyrokarim@yahoo.com     Abstract This simple article reflects the condition of tourism in Madura, particularly in Sumenep region. The fact describes that it has not been easy to  develop tourism place as it demonstratess in Bali. Toursim development must be natural (sunnatullah, however it finds any handicaps that needs wise response. Madurese tourism development must consider the following: Islam as the major religion of Madurese and the human resource. Hence, tourism must protect the local people become the victim of tourism industry. A good tourism industry is not only economic oriented but also it must gives substantial challenge to Islamic and Madures culture to take role in tourism industry. Kata-kata kunci pariwisata, budaya, Madura, Sumenep

  13. Comparisons of Total Load Sediment Transport Equation%全沙输沙公式的比较研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    黄才安; 赵晓冬; 龚敏飞

    2004-01-01

    选择了30个有代表性的全沙输沙强度计算公式,利用超过5000组水槽和天然河道实测资料,全面客观地比较了这些公式在天然均匀沙时的床沙质输沙浓度的计算精度.结果表明:Karim-Kennedy,Engelund-Hansen,Ackers-White,Brownlie,Peterson-Peterson,Basson,Yang,王士强等公式,是几个值得推荐使用的公式,可供有关泥沙研究人员参考.

  14. The ultraviolet absorbance spectrum of coliform bacteria and its relationship to astronomy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hoyle, F.; Wickramasinghe, N. C.; Jansz, E. R.; Jayatissa, P. M.

    1983-09-01

    The ultraviolet absorbance spectrum of a mixed culture of coliform bacteria is obtained and compared to recent measurements of the extinction curve of starlight. The absorbance of the bacterial suspensions over the wavebands 3500-2000 A and 7000-3400 A are presented along with a comparison of the extinction values for the star HD 14250 with the alpha function of the coliform suspension, which is a measure of the total amount of the material in the line of sight of the star. The agreement is excellent and is just as good as the agreement obtained by Karim et al. (1983) for typtophan in isolation, supporting the contention that the tryptophan responsible for the astronomical extinction is present in the interstellar grains in protein form.

  15. Constitutive Modeling for Uniaxial Time-Dependent Ratcheting of SS304 Stainless Steel%SS304不锈钢单轴时相关棘轮行为的本构描述

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚前华; 康国政; 张娟

    2007-01-01

    在SS304不锈钢室温和高温单轴时相关棘轮行为实验研究的基础上,基于Abdel-Karim-Ohno非线性随动硬化律,发展了一个新的统一粘-塑性本构模型.由于该模型考虑了具有应力保持时间和高温下不可忽略的静力恢复或热恢复效应,通过与实验结果的比较发现,新发展的统一粘-塑性本构模型对室温和高温下的时相关棘轮行为均能给予合理的预测结果.

  16. Cravo, canela, bala e favela Clove and cinnamon, guns and slums

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Simone Pereira Schmidt

    2009-12-01

    Full Text Available A partir da discussão sobre o lugar do corpo feminino subalterno, palco de conflitos onde se desdobram as tensões resultantes das relações desiguais de gênero, raça e classe no Brasil, este artigo se propõe a realizar uma leitura de textos ficcionais recentes - nomeadamente os romances As mulheres de Tijucopapo, de Marilene Felinto, e Ponciá Vicêncio, de Conceição Evaristo, e o filme O céu de Suely, de Karim Aïnouz -, inserindo-os no debate de um projeto de tradução da agenda pós-colonial para o português. Decorrentes dessa abordagem, temas como a viagem, o deslocamento e o exílio farão parte da experiência subjetiva ficcionalizada que se irá enfocar, e serão, portanto, também objeto de interpretaçãoBased on the discussion about the subaltern woman's body as a stage of conflicts where the tensions resulting from Brazil's unequal gender, class and race relations unfold, this article intends to analyze recent fictional works - specifically the novels: Marilene Felinto's As mulheres de Tijucopapapo and Conceição Evaristo's Ponciá Vicêncio, as well as the film O céu de Suely, by Karim Aïnouz - in order to place them within the debate of translation of the post-colonial agenda into Portuguese. Focusing the subjective experience represented in these fictional narratives, themes like travel, dislocation and exile will also be analyzed

  17. Vagus Nerve Stimulation for Pediatric and Adult Patients with Pharmaco-resistant Epilepsy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Fan-Gang Meng; Fu-Min Jia; Xiao-Hui Ren; Yan Ge; Kai-Liang Wang; Yan-Shan Ma; Ming Ge

    2015-01-01

    Background:Over past two decades,vagus nerve stimulation (VNS) has been widely used and reported to alleviate seizure frequency worldwide,however,so far,only hundreds of patients with pharmaco-resistant epilepsy (PRE) have been treated with VNS in mainland China.The study aimed to evaluate the effectiveness of VNS for Chinese patients with PRE and compare its relationship with age cohort and gender.Methods:We retrospectively assessed the clinical outcome of 94 patients with PRE,who were treated with VNS at Beijing Fengtai Hospital and Beij ing Tiantan Hospital between November 2008 and April 2014 from our database of 106 consecutive patients.The clinical data analysis was retrospectively examined.Results:Seizure frequency significantly decreased with VNS therapy after intermittent stimulation of the vagus nerve.At last follow-up,we found McHugh classifications of Class Ⅰ in 33 patients (35.1%),Class Ⅱ in 27 patients (28.7%),Class Ⅲ in 20 patients (21.3%),Class Ⅳ in 3 patients (3.2%),and Class Ⅴ in 11 patients (l 1.7%).Notably,8 (8.5%) patients were seizure-free while ≥50% seizure frequency reduction occurred in as many as 60 patients (63.8%).Furthermore,with regard to the modified Engel classification,12 patients (12.8%) were classified as Class Ⅰ,l l patients (11.7%) were classified as Class Ⅱ,37 patients (39.4%) were classified as Class Ⅲ,34 patients (36.2%) were classified as Class Ⅳ.We also found that the factors of gender or age are not associated with clinical outcome.Conclusions:This comparative study confirmed that VNS is a safe,well-tolerated,and effective treatment for Chinese PRE patients.VNS reduced the seizure frequency regardless of age or gender of studied patients.

  18. Soil Biogeochemical Properties and Erosion Source Prediction Model Summary for the Buffalo Bayou Watershed, Houston, Texas

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ahmed, I.

    2015-12-01

    We draw conclusions on the research output and findings from a 4-year multidisciplinary USDA-CBG collaborative program in sustainable integrated monitoring of soil organic carbon (SOC) loss prediction via erosion. The underlying method uses the state-of-the-art stable isotope science of sediment tracing under uncertain hydrologic influences. The research finds are rooted in the (i) application of Bayesian Markov Chain Monte Carlo statistical models to assess the relationship between rainfall-runoff and soil erosion in space and time, (ii) capture of the episodic nature of rainfall events and its role in the spatial distribution of SOC loss from water erosion, (iii) stable isotope composition guided fingerprinting (source and quantity) of eroded soil, and (iv) the creation of an integrated watershed scale statistical soil loss monitoring model driven by spatial and temporal correlation of flow and stable isotope composition. The research theme was successfully applied on the urbanized Buffalo Bayou Watershed in Houston, Texas. The application brought to light novel future research conceptual outlines which will also be discussed in this deliverable to the AGU meeting. These include but not limited to: regional rainfall cluster research, physics of muddy river-bank soil and suspended sediment interaction, and friction & mobility that together make up the plasticity of soil aggregates that control erosion processes and landscape changes in a riparian corridor. References: Ahmed, I., Karim, A., Boutton, T.W., and Strom, K.B. (2013a). "Monitoring Soil Organic Carbon Loss from Erosion Using Stable Isotopes." Proc., Soil Carbon Sequestration, International Conference, May 26-29, Reykjavik, Iceland. Ahmed, I, Bouttom, T.W., Strom, K. B., Karim, A., and Irvin-Smith, N. (2013b). "Soil carbon distribution and loss monitoring in the urbanized Buffalo Bayou watershed, Houston, Texas." Proc., 4th Annual All Investigators Meeting of the North American Carbon Program, February 4

  19. Morimoto餐厅%Morimoto Restaurant

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2006-01-01

    Stephen Starr先生是全国餐饮业中最出色的经营者之一,而厨师Masaharu Morimoto则是最近极受公众欢迎的烹饪电视节目Iron Chef里的明星。二人共同开办了位于Chestnut大街723号的Morimoto餐馆,这个餐馆非常出色地秉承了当代日本烹饪风格。为组建一支梦幻团队来实现最初确定的经营理念,Starr先生聘请了世界著名设计师Karim Rashid先生。在整个建筑空间内,设计师将传统的日本设计风格与有机元素和感觉元素相融合。Rashid运用干净利落的设计风格,激发并唤醒了人们的感觉。

  20. 一种开关中值滤波器的改进%Improvement on Switching Median Filter

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孔凡震; 李兆远

    2009-01-01

    Shuqun Zhang and Monhammad A Karim proposed an algorithm of a switching median filter which used one-dimensional Laplacian operator of four different directions to detect whether the pixel was noise. However, there are some flaws under the condition of loud noise. Through adaptively processing the determining the extreme points, corrected parameter r and threshold value T, we proposed a adaptive threshold switching median filter based on extreme points. The result showed that the method could control salt-and-pepper noise and protected image well.%Shuqun Zhang和Monhammad A Karim提出了一种开关中值滤波器算法,其机制是利用4个不同方向的一维拉普拉斯算子来检测像素点是否为噪声.通过判断极值点、修正参数r和对阈值T的自适应处理,提出了一种基于极值的自适应阈值开关中值滤波器.实验结果表明,滤波器算法对椒盐噪声能很好地抑制,能很好地保护图像细节.

  1. Editorial: Focus on Extra Space Dimensions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agashe, Kaustubh; Pomarol, Alex

    2010-07-01

    Experiments at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) have just started. In addition to verifying the Standard Model (SM) of particle physics, these experiments will probe a new energy frontier and test extensions of the SM. The existence of extra dimensions is one of the most attractive possibilities for physics beyond the SM. This focus issue contains a collection of articles addressing both theoretical and phenomenological aspects of extra-dimensional models. Focus on Extra Space Dimensions Contents Minimal universal extra dimensions in CalcHEP/CompHEP AseshKrishna Datta, Kyoungchul Kong and Konstantin T Matchev Disordered extra dimensions Karim Benakli Codimension-2 brane-bulk matching: examples from six and ten dimensions Allan Bayntun, C P Burgess and Leo van Nierop Gauge threshold corrections in warped geometry Kiwoon Choi, Ian-Woo Kim and Chang Sub Shin Holographic methods and gauge-Higgs unification in flat extra dimensions Marco Serone Soft-wall stabilization Joan A Cabrer, Gero von Gersdorff and Mariano Quirós Warped five-dimensional models: phenomenological status and experimental prospects Hooman Davoudiasl, Shrihari Gopalakrishna, Eduardo Pontón and José Santiago

  2. Now We Know: Assessing Sexual Assault Criminal Justice Case Processing in an Urban Community Using the Sexual Assault Nurse Practitioner Evaluation Toolkit.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Valentine, Julie L; Shaw, Jessica; Lark, Alyssa; Campbell, Rebecca

    2016-01-01

    Campbell and colleagues developed an evaluation Toolkit for use by sexual assault nurse examiners (SANEs) to assess criminal case outcomes in adult sexual assault cases seen by SANE programs (Campbell, Townsend, Shaw, Karim, & Markowitz, 2014; Campbell, Bybee, et al., 2014). The Toolkit provides step-by-step directions and an easy-to-use statistical program. This study describes implementation of the Toolkit in Salt Lake County, the first site outside the pilot sites to utilize the program. The Toolkit revealed that, in Salt Lake County from 2003 to 2011, only 6% of adult sexual assault cases were successfully prosecuted. These findings prompted multiple community discussions, media attention, and a call to action to improve the investigation and prosecution of adult sexual assault cases. The primary purpose of this case report is to encourage other SANE teams and communities to use the Toolkit by sharing the successful experience of Salt Lake County in implementing the Toolkit.Video Abstract available for additional insights from Dr. Valentine (see Supplemental Digital Content 1, http://links.lww.com/JFN/A19).

  3. Numerical Studies of Disordered Tight-Binding Hamiltonians

    Science.gov (United States)

    Scalettar, R. T.

    2007-06-01

    These are notes used for a set of lectures delivered at the Vietri summer school on Condensed Matter Physics in Fall 2006. They concern the general problem of the interplay of interactions and disorder in two dimensional electronic systems, as realized in the specific context of Quantum Monte Carlo simulations of the Anderson-Hubbard Hamiltonian. I wish to thank the organizers of this school for their hospitality during my visit, and their work in general in providing this educational opportunity for students over the years. It is a pleasure also to acknowledge the collaborators together with whom I have learned much of the physics and numerics presented in these notes: Zhaojun Bai, Andrew Baldwin, George Batrouni, Karim Bouadim, Wenbin Chen, Peter Denteneer, Fred Hébert, Norman Paris, Matt Schram, Nandini Trivedi, Martin Ulmke, Ichitaro Yamazaki and Gergely Zimanyi. This work was supported by the National Science Foundation (NSF-DMR-0312261 and NSF-ITR-0313390), and China Special Funds for Major State Basic Research Projects under contract 2005CB321700.

  4. Extending methods: using Bourdieu's field analysis to further investigate taste

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schindel Dimick, Alexandra

    2015-06-01

    In this commentary on Per Anderhag, Per-Olof Wickman and Karim Hamza's article Signs of taste for science, I consider how their study is situated within the concern for the role of science education in the social and cultural production of inequality. Their article provides a finely detailed methodology for analyzing the constitution of taste within science education classrooms. Nevertheless, because the authors' socially situated methodology draws upon Bourdieu's theories, it seems equally important to extend these methods to consider how and why students make particular distinctions within a relational context—a key aspect of Bourdieu's theory of cultural production. By situating the constitution of taste within Bourdieu's field analysis, researchers can explore the ways in which students' tastes and social positionings are established and transformed through time, space, place, and their ability to navigate the field. I describe the process of field analysis in relation to the authors' paper and suggest that combining the authors' methods with a field analysis can provide a strong methodological and analytical framework in which theory and methods combine to create a detailed understanding of students' interest in relation to their context.

  5. EFFICACY AND MODES OF ACTION OF RESISTANCE INDUCERS ON TWO WHEAT SPECIES AGAINST MYCOSPHAERELLA GRAMINICOLA.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Somai-Jemmali, L; Randoux, B; Siah, A; Ors, M; Halama, P; Reignault, Ph; Hamada, W

    2014-01-01

    Plant resistance inducers could be an alternative to conventional fungicides to control in a more durable and environmentally friendly manner fungal pathogens. Here, we tested the protection efficacy and the modes of action of four resistance inducers (R1, R2, R3 and R4) against the causal agent of Septoria tritici blotch, Mycosphaerella graminicola, the most frequently occurring pathogen on wheat crops worldwide. The four inducers were tested on two wheat cultivars, Premio (a French bread wheat cultivar) and Karim (a Tunisian durum wheat cultivar), each inoculated with a bread-wheat or a durum-wheat adapted isolate; respectively. All inducers exhibited in the greenhouse a significant protection level on both cultivars regarding disease symptoms (necrosis and chlorosis) and sporulation (pycnidium density). The most efficient inducer was R3 which showed 84% symptom reduction, while the less efficient one was R2 with only a 39% reduction. None of the studied inducers showed direct biocide effect against the fungus, except R4 which displayed a significant in planta inhibition of spore germination. Further investigations revealed that all inducers elicited the plant defence enzymes peroxidase and lipoxygenase, but the activity levels varied depending on the considered inducer. In addition, the effect of resistance inducers on the infection process and the fungal cell-wall degrading enzymes xylanases and glucanases was also investigated. Our study allowed us to find out four efficient resistance inducers on wheat against M. graminicola and to establish data about the modes of action of these inducers.

  6. A Comparison between Concept of Tendency to Gloss Ibn Arabi and Meybodi Mystical Interpretations, a Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Yasaman Salmani

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Muslim commentators on the basis of commitment to the appearances of various verses and hadith or conservative approach in interpreting the Word of God, in the mystical interpretation and gloss of verses, adopted a different stance. Manuscript, austerity and similarities, in some verses of the Quran is represents the suitable role of gloss in comprehend Inward verses. Among the interpretations of Qur'anic mystical interpretations centered, is gloss.   This paper refers to the lexical meaning Transformation on gloss , the gloss of the concept in his Kashf al-Asrar Meybodi,Ibn Arabi ’s Tafsire-Quran karim lkarim , and among these , because they disagreed with the gloss of the Quran full of idealism and takes the following gloss . Two commentators have offered their interpretations of the gloss , it is similar , although the gloss of Ibn Arabic Audacity seen , the gloss of the opinion that religion is Meybodi Ashari ( Ahle Hadith , and there is no need to mention Arabic in the impetuosity of his much younger than his other works , especially Fosus Al Hekam . Mfsrnsbt opposed to the gloss of both revelations about the human intellect is the origin of which is described gloss . Thus, both philosophical and interpretive speakers opposed it as the true interpretation of their gloss and the gloss of the mystical Sufis are considered . Such a definition can be interpreted from two different interpretation of it is defined today . The modern definition of interpretation is rich in both gloss .

  7. A Comparison between Concept of Tendency to Gloss Ibn Arabi and Meybodi Mystical Interpretations, a Comparative Study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ghodratoolah Khayatian

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available   Muslim commentators on the basis of commitment to the appearances of various verses and hadith or conservative approach in interpreting the Word of God, in the mystical interpretation and gloss of verses, adopted a different stance. Manuscript, austerity and similarities, in some verses of the Quran is represents the suitable role of gloss in comprehend Inward verses. Among the interpretations of Qur'anic mystical interpretations centered, is gloss.   This paper refers to the lexical meaning Transformation on gloss , the gloss of the concept in his Kashf al-Asrar Meybodi,Ibn Arabi ’s Tafsire-Quran karim lkarim , and among these , because they disagreed with the gloss of the Quran full of idealism and takes the following gloss . Two commentators have offered their interpretations of the gloss , it is similar , although the gloss of Ibn Arabic Audacity seen , the gloss of the opinion that religion is Meybodi Ashari ( Ahle Hadith , and there is no need to mention Arabic in the impetuosity of his much younger than his other works , especially Fosus Al Hekam . Mfsrnsbt opposed to the gloss of both revelations about the human intellect is the origin of which is described gloss . Thus, both philosophical and interpretive speakers opposed it as the true interpretation of their gloss and the gloss of the mystical Sufis are considered . Such a definition can be interpreted from two different interpretation of it is defined today . The modern definition of interpretation is rich in both gloss .

  8. Quantitative inheritance of resistance to Septoria tritici blotch in durum wheat in Tunisia

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Samia Berraies

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available Septoria tritici blotch, causal agent Mycosphaerella graminicola (Fuckel J. Schrot. (anamorph: Zymoseptoria tritici Desm., is the major foliar disease of wheat (Triticum aestivum L. in Tunisia causing frequent epidemics on T. turgidum L. var. durum (Desf. Bowden, and important yield and grain quality losses. To determine the inheritance of resistance to septoria, a cross was made using resistant ('Salim' and susceptible ('Karim' cultivars. Parents, and the 149 derived recombinant lines, were tested for resistance to septoria under field conditions during the 2009 and 2010 crop seasons. The inheritance of resistance to septoria was quantitative where a continuous and normal distribution (W = 0.93 was shown among segregate progenies. During 2009 and 2010 crop seasons, the mean disease severities of recombinant inbred lines (RILs ranged from 29.1% to 41.8%, respectively, and 53% of RILs were associated with lower disease severity than the mid-parent value. The severity was significantly affected by Genotype x Year interaction (p < 0.01. Broad sense heritability was 0.55 suggesting a quantitative inheritance of resistance to M. graminicola. These results would imply that genetic resistance to STB could be attributed to additive gene effects. Thus, using identified sources of tolerance to STB in a breeding program would enhance the development of cultivars that are adapted to the prevailing isolates in field conditions.

  9. Translation of Rhetoric in Arabic Preposition in The Text of Al-Qur’an

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azman Che Mat

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Preposition was a word that completes the meaning of the verb and noun in the sentence structure of Arabic. The use of prepositions in Arabic was truly significant in understanding the Arabic text, especially holy texts. The question was why prepositions were used in sentences such, whereas the other joints could also give the same meaning? Article presented an analysis of syntax-semantics of prepositions في Fi and علىcAla in al-Quran al-Karim across science of Arabic rhetoric (Balagha. Data were restricted to partial phrase في الضلال and على الهدى ever discussed by Ibn Athir. There are 29 places in the Quran that mention في الضلال and 6 points for على الهدى. Critical analysis based on the discipline of linguistics is expected to expose the use of prepositions in Arabic from the precision and beauty of the Arabic language itself. Summary of the study suggest that research on elements of the rhetoric says that other reasonable tasks highlighted in subsequent studies. 

  10. Real-time tests of multiple genome alterations take the first steps into the clinic: a learning example

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gerratana L

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Lorenzo Gerratana,1,2 Giovanna De Maglio,3 Alessandro De Pellegrin,3 Alessandro Follador,1 Karim Rihawi,1,2 Stefano Pizzolitto,3 Fabio Puglisi,1,2 Gianpiero Fasola1 1Department of Oncology, University Hospital of Udine, 2Department of Medical and Biological Sciences, University of Udine, 3Department of Pathology, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy Abstract: Molecular characterization is increasingly changing clinical practice, in both diagnosis and treatment. BRAF is a proto-oncogene that is mutated in ~2%–4% of lung cancers, but the incidence rises to 40%–45% among papillary thyroid cancers. Furthermore, BRAF is a promising target in lung cancer treatment. The present case study covers both the challenges of molecular differential diagnosis and the perspectives opened by targeted therapy by discussing the history of a 78-year-old female affected by a papillary histotype carcinoma with BRAF mutation associated with both thyroid and lung localizations. A differential diagnosis was possible as a consequence of a multidisciplinary approach including an in-depth molecular characterization. Based on this molecular feature, the patient was successfully treated with the BRAF inhibitor dabrafenib after the failure of treatment with standard regimen. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first published case of non-small-cell lung cancer with metastasis to thyroid and with BRAF V600E mutation. Keywords: BRAF mutation, molecular diagnosis, target therapy

  11. Reducing the iron burden and improving survival in transfusion-dependent thalassemia patients: current perspectives

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Bayanzay K

    2016-08-01

    Full Text Available Karim Bayanzay, Lama Alzoebie Department of Hematology, Gulf Medical University, Ajman, United Arab Emirates Abstract: Hypertransfusion regimens for thalassemic patients revolutionized the management of severe thalassemia; transforming a disease which previously led to early infant death into a chronic condition. The devastating effect of the accrued iron from chronic blood transfusions necessitates a more finely tuned approach to limit the complications of the disease, as well as its treatment. A comprehensive approach including carefully tailored transfusion protocol, continuous monitoring and assessment of total body iron levels, and iron chelation are currently the mainstay in treating iron overload. There are also indications for ancillary treatments, such as splenectomy and fetal hemoglobin induction. The main cause of death in iron overload continues to be related to cardiac complications. However, since the widespread use of iron chelation started in the 1970s, there has been a general improvement in survival in these patients. Keywords: hematology, chelators, deferoxamine, deferiserox, deferiprone, liver iron concentration, iron overload, serum ferritin concentration, hepatic iron storage, iron chelation therapy

  12. THE LUTHER OF SHI’I ISLAM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Sumanto al-Qurtuby

    2012-05-01

    Artikel ini membicarakan tentang akar sosio-historis muncul­­­nya gagasan “Protestanisme Islam” dalam tradisi Syi’ah Iran, dengan fokus kajian pemikiran dan gerakan yang disebut “Luther Iran” sebagai agen, aktor, dan peng­gerak utama lahirnya reformasi Islam di Iran. Ide-ide re­formasi Islam memiliki pengaruh besar dan mencapai khalayak yang lebih luas di luar wilayah Iran termasuk Sayyid Jamal al-Din al-Afghani, Ali Shari’ati, Mehdi Bazargan, Hashem Aghajari, dan Abdul Karim Soroush. Sejumlah reformis Iran layak mendapatkan perhatian karena pe­mikir­an, ide-ide kontroversial mereka dalam reformasi Islam. Para reformis Iran dianggap sebagai “Luther Islam” karena kekaguman mendalam mereka terhadap Martin Luther, dan mereka menghendaki reformasi Islam seperti yang terjadi pada masa Luther di Eropa abad keenam belas. Dengan analisis sosio-historis dan deskriptif, tulisan ini tidak di­maksud­kan untuk membandingkan dua reformasi ke­agamaan di Iran dan Eropa, melainkan untuk mem­pelajari dan meng­analisis gagasan-gagasan mereka mengenai refor­masi Islam.

  13. The importance of pruning to the quality of wine grape fruits (Vitis vinifera L. cultivated under high-altitude tropical conditions

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pedro José Almanza-Merchán

    2014-12-01

    Full Text Available Since 1998, the Ain-Karim Vineyard has been growing different grape varieties for the production of high-altitude tropical wines in the municipality of Sutamarchan, located in the Alto Ricaurte region of Boyaca (Colombia. Pruning is used to limit the number and length of branches, generating a suitable balance between plant vigor and production; thereby, regulating fruit quantity and quality and ensuring reserves for the subsequent production. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of three pruning types (short = two buds on two spurs; long = five buds on three spurs and mixed = combination of short and long pruning types on the fruit quality of V. vinifera, Cabernet Sauvignon and Sauvignon Blanc varieties. To accomplish this, a completely randomized two-factor design was used. Physicochemical variables of fruit quality (fresh cluster weight, water content, total soluble solids (TSS, total titratable acidity (TTA, technical maturity index (TMI, and pH were determined at harvest. The long pruning type presented the highest values for the fresh cluster weight and TSS of the fruits from both varieties and a higher TMI in the Cabernet Sauvignon variety. These results indicate that, under the conditions of the vineyard, long pruning is the most suitable.

  14. Phenological behavior of the grapevine (vitis vinifera l., cv cabernet sauvignon in Sutamarchán - Boyacá.

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    Diana Carolina Vargas Herrera

    2013-12-01

    Full Text Available In tropical cold weather, the grapevine presents phenological disorders, difficult agronomic disfavoring vintage quality. With the purpose of establishing phenological cycles determined the duration of the different phases of the development cycle of the grapevine, cv "Cabernet Sauvignon" (Vitis vinifera L. in the vineyard Ain-Karim (5º39` N, 73º95' W, 2110 masl. We determined the average duration of sprouting (SP, flowering (FL, veraison (VE and vintage (VI periods from pruning, and the total cycle of growth, according to the phenological scale Biologische Bundesanstalt Bundessortenamt Chemise (BBCH. To set the average of the process was considered when the plants reached 50% of each event. Determining growing degree days (GDD support the temperature record by a datalogger. Phenological data were subjected to a descriptive analysis as means and standard deviation. The duration of the period between pruning (PR and vintage (VI, with average temperature of 17.87 ° C, had a duration of 183 days after pruning (DAP, accumulating growing degree days 1458.1 (GDD. Flowering occurred at 50 days after pruning (DAP, accumulating 397.7 GDD. Veraison 122 was presented to the accumulation of 578.2 DAP with GDD. While from veraison to maturity 478.9 GDD accumulated in 62 days. Under Sutamarchán agro-climatic conditions, during the investigation, collects, on average, 7.98 degrees daily growth, which implies that for the Cabernet Sauvignon, the total duration of the phenological cycle is 184 days, accumulating 1458.1 GDD.

  15. Assessment of AquaCrop model in the simulation of durum wheat (Triticum aestivum L. growth and yield under different water regimes in Tadla- Morocco

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    Bassou BOUAZZAM

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Simulation models that clarify the effects of water on crop yield are useful tools for improving farm level water management and optimizing water use efficiency. In this study, AquaCrop was evaluated for Karim genotype which is the main durum winter wheat (Triticum aestivum L. practiced in Tadla. AquaCrop is based on the water-driven growth module, in that transpiration is converted into biomass through a water productivity parameter. The model was calibrated on data from a full irrigation treatment in 2014/15 and validated on other stressed and unstressed treatments including rain-fed conditions in 2014/15 and 2015/16. Results showed that the model provided excellent simulations of canopy cover, biomass and grain yield. Overall, the relationship between observed and modeled wheat grain yield for all treatments combined produced an R2 of 0.79, a mean squared error of 1.01 t ha-1 and an efficiency coefficient of 0.68. The model satisfactory predicted the trend of soil water reserve. Consequently, AquaCrop can be a valuable tool for simulating wheat grain yield in Tadla plain, particularly considering the fact that the model requires a relatively small number of input data. However, the performance of the model has to be fine-tuned under a wider range of conditions.

  16. De-Radicalization of Intepretation the Concept of Nation and Jihad in Tafsir al-Azhar

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    Sidik Sidik

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available There is no a single definition of state and jihad because there has been no agreement on the terms. Therefore, there is a gap between perceived concept of state and jihad and recent de- velopment of nation-state, plurality, and civility. In additions, the emergence of psychoso- cial factor such as truth claim and the feeling of being marginalized and oppressed results in radicalism under the banner of religion. Based on the aforementioned background, this paper seeks to discuss “Tafsir al-Azhar”, a monumental work of Haji Abdul Malik Karim Amrullah (Hamka, an Indonesian leading figure in tafsir (interpretation study. This is the first tafsir book written in Bahasa Indonesia and becomes one of the main sources in the field. By using documentation and hermeneutics the writer revealed not only the substance and the method of interpreting the concepts of “state” and “jihad”, but also their significance for the attempt of de-radicalization in Indonesia. According to Hamka, the relationship between religion and state was integral and the formation of the state de- pended on social development; whereas the concept of jihad did not merely mean “war”. In a boarder meaning, the concept of jihad included physical and non-physical dimen- sions. Physical jihad (battle was permissible under certain conditions and circumstances.

  17. Ramucirumab: preclinical research and clinical development

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    Aprile G

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Giuseppe Aprile,1 Erika Rijavec,2 Caterina Fontanella,1 Karim Rihawi,1 Francesco Grossi21Department of Oncology, University Hospital of Udine, Udine, Italy; 2Lung Cancer Unit, National Cancer Institut “San Martino”, Genoa, ItalyAbstract: Ramucirumab (IMC-1121B, LY3009806, a fully humanized monoclonal antibody directed against the extracellular domain of vascular endothelial growth factor receptor 2 (VEGFR-2, is a new therapeutic option that selectively inhibits the human VEGFR-2 with a much greater affinity than its natural ligands. Based on the promising results of both preclinical and early clinical studies, ramucirumab has been tested in different tumor types either alone or in combination with chemotherapy. While it has recently been granted its first US Food and Drug Administration approval for use as a single agent in patients with advanced or metastatic gastric cancer or gastroesophageal junction carcinoma, its role for metastatic breast cancer or advanced non-small-cell lung cancer is still debated. The aims of this review are to recall and discuss the most significant preclinical and clinical studies that led to the development of ramucirumab and to present the results of the randomized clinical trials that have tested its efficacy in different malignancies, including gastric and lung cancer. Keywords: ramucirumab, gastric cancer, lung cancer, breast cancer, antiangiogenic

  18. Neurosurgical strategies for Gilles de la Tourette’s syndrome

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    Karim Mukhida

    2008-09-01

    Full Text Available Karim Mukhida1,2, Matthew Bishop2, Murray Hong2, Ivar Mendez21Division of Neurosurgery, University of Toronto, Toronto, Ontario, Canada; 2Departments, of Anatomy and Neurobiology and Surgery (Neurosurgery, Dalhousie University, Halifax, Nova Scotia, CanadaAbstract: Tourette’s syndrome (TS is a neurological disorder characterized by motor and vocal tics that typically begin in childhood and often are accompanied by psychiatric comorbidities. Symptoms of TS may be socially disabling and cause secondary medical complications. Pharmacological therapies remain the mainstay of symptom management. For the subset of patients in whom TS symptoms are medically recalcitrant and do not dissipate by adulthood, neurosurgery may offer an alternative treatment strategy. Greater understanding of the neuroanatomic and pathophysiologic basis of TS has facilitated the development of surgical procedures that aim to ameliorate TS symptoms by lesions or deep brain stimulation of cerebral structures. Herein, the rationale for the surgical management of TS is discussed and neurosurgical experiences since the 1960s are reviewed. The necessity for neurosurgical strategies to be performed with appropriate ethical considerations is highlighted.Keywords: tourette’s syndrome, neurosurgery, deep brain stimulation, thalamus

  19. 棘轮-蠕变交互作用下汽轮机汽缸紧固螺栓失效研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张淼; 袁新勇

    2013-01-01

    机组负荷变动和调峰过程中,汽缸的紧固螺栓在非零平均应力的交变载荷作用下会产生棘轮-蠕变行为,因此,对螺栓在棘轮-蠕变过程中损伤的发展进行研究具有重要意义。对镍基合金Nimonic 80A材料进行了550℃下单轴棘轮-蠕变试验,并在有限元软件Ansys中嵌入基于AbdelKarim-Ohno运动硬化准则的用户自定义程序,模拟了螺栓的棘轮-蠕变过程。模拟得到的宏观变形量与试验结果一致,在棘轮-蠕变交互作用下,螺栓螺杆处的损伤发展速度大于应力集中的螺纹处,并在此发生断裂。

  20. 304不锈钢非比例多轴时间相关棘轮行为的本构模型研究%Constitutive Model for Non-Proportionally Multiaxial Time-Dependent Ratcheting of 304 Stainless Steel

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阚前华; 史智; 康国政; 张娟

    2009-01-01

    基于304不锈钢在不同加载速率和不同保持时间下得到的非比例多轴时相关棘轮行为的实验研究结果,在Abdel-Karim-Ohno模型的基础上,建立了一个非比例多轴时间相关循环本构模型.该模型通过在背应力演化律中引入与非比例度相关的静力恢复项,在各向同性硬化律中引入Tanaka非比例度来考虑非比例路径对时间相关棘轮行为的影响.模拟结果与实验结果的比较表明:该本构模型对室温和高温下多轴时间相关棘轮行为的演化规律均能给予较合理的描述.

  1. 高强轨道钢双轴压-扭棘轮行为的实验和模拟%EXPERIMENT AND SIMULATION ON THE BIAXIAL COMPRESSION-TORSION RATCHETING BEHAVIOR OF HIGH STRENGTH RAIL STEEL

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    邱博; 阚前华; 刘宇杰; 张旭; 谢瑞丽

    2015-01-01

    在室温下对高强轨道钢进行了单轴和非比例双轴压-扭循环变形行为的实验,讨论了不同加载路径对轨道钢棘轮变形行为的影响.结果显示:该轨道钢呈现出明显的循环软化效应和压缩方向的棘轮行为,且棘轮行为的演化表现出强烈的加载路径相关性;在椭圆路径下,棘轮应变较其他四种路径更小.进而建立了基于AbdelKarim-Ohno非线性随动硬化律的非比例多轴循环棘轮本构模型,并通过在随动硬化和各向同性软化律中引入非比例因子来考虑非比例路径对双轴压-扭棘轮行为的影响.实验结果和模拟结果的对比表明:该本构模型能够较好地模拟高强度轨道钢的非比例双轴压-扭棘轮行为.

  2. The Comparison of Tendency to Addiction and Adjustment in Girls and Boys Students

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    Reza Sheydae

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: This study compared the drug tended to fit 17-12 year old male and female students were holy city of Rabat. Methods: The research design of a comparison. Results: The study subjects consisted of 21 male and 29 female students who cover the charity Fatima Zahra studying in Rabat Karim units were selected by random sampling. Tool: in the study to measure the tendency to addiction People exposed to drug test Dhkrdyan and Bell was used to test adjustment. The results showed an inverse relation between the tendency to addiction in adolescents and that there are significant inconsistencies. The relation between the subscales inconsistency and tendency to addiction, a strong and significant positive relationship between family conflicts to tendency to addiction exists. Inconsistency between the two groups of boys and girls in terms of variables and there is significant risk of addiction. So that the average inconsistency in boys than girls and boys at risk for substance abuse than are females. Conclusions: The tendency to addiction, there are significant adjustment among adolescents and the tendency to addiction in adolescent boys and girls significant adjustment there.

  3. 国外足球耐力热点研究及其变化趋势分析%Research on the Hot Spots of Football Endurance in Foreign Countries and the Analysis of Its Changing Trend

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈小虎; 黄竹杭; 李春满

    2016-01-01

    以Web of ScienceTM核心合集数据库中(SCIE、SSCI和 A&HCI )收录的1997—2015年以足球耐力为主题的488篇文献信息作为数据源,运用科学知识图谱技术分析国外足球耐力研究的国家、机构和作者分布,并通过解析当前足球耐力研究的关键词,揭示国外足球耐力研究的相关热点以及其变化趋势。研究发现:美国的发文量最大,但英国所发文章的中心性更高,发文的机构主要集中在高等院校;来自各高等院校的Karim Chamari、Anis Chaoua‐chi、Peter Krustrup等教授是研究足球耐力的突出作者;研究的热点主要包括运动训练、竞技表现、训练方法和测试方法的可靠性、训练负荷及运动员的训练反应等;变化趋势以运动员训练和竞技表现为主线,由运动员身体反应过渡到检验测试方法的可靠性,再由关注训练方法的有效性过渡到利用先进技术分析运动员在训练和比赛中的表现。现阶段的足球耐力研究多为方法性研究,研究大多基于足球训练或比赛中的外在表现形成,缺乏支撑训练和比赛的基础性理论研究。%Selecting the literature from Web of ScienceTM core collection database (SCIE ,and SSCI and A&HCI) ,and taking the 488 articles during 1997—2015 with the theme of foot‐ball endurance as data source ,using knowledge map technology to analysis the football endur‐ance research study of foreign countries ,institutions and the distribution of authors ,and by re‐solving the current football endurance research keywords ,reveal the abroad study on the endur‐ance of football‐related hot spots and trends .The result shows that United States is issued much more than other countries ,but the most centrality is England .The institutions of issued mainly concentrated in university ;the professor of Karim Chamari ,Anis Chaouachi ,and Peter Krustrup from respective university are the highlight author to research

  4. 一类新的超弹性--循环塑性本构模型%A NEW FORMULATION OF CONSTITUTIVE MODEL FOR HYPERELASTIC-CYCLIC PLASTICITY

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孟令凯; 周长东; 郭坤鹏; 张晓阳

    2016-01-01

    Until now, a number of classical hyperelastic-finite plasticity constitutive models have been proposed. How-ever, most of them are based on the classical Armstrong-Frederick kinematic hardening rule in consideration of the complexity brought by the introduction of the intermediate configuration in the hyperelasticity theory. Hence, based on the existed constitutive theories, the methodology of Lion decomposition theory was extended utilizing the notion of the multi-mechanism process and clearly put forward the conception of the multi-intermediate configuration. Furthermore, the classical concept of the objectivity in the continuum mechanics for better application to the hyperelasticity theory was generalized and then a new hyperelastic-finite plastic constitutive model was proposed. The new constitutive model not only meets the thermal dynamic laws but also can incorporate several classical kinematic hardening rules which were usu-ally adopted in cyclic plasticity of infinitesimal deformation theory (e.g. the A-F model, Chaboche model, O-W model and the K-O model, etc.). Therefore, this model corresponding to finite deformation problems contains two typical char-acteristics adopted by infinitesimal deformation theory: the additive decomposition property and step mutation feature of the backstress on the critical surface. Thus, the present model can be treated as parallel to the corresponding form in the small deformation case. Finally, the situation accounting for Karim-Ohno kinematic hardening rule is under specific consideration and compared with the hypoelasticity constitutive model.%目前,很多经典的超弹性-有限塑性本构模型已被提出,但由于超弹性理论中中间构型的引入使得随动硬化法则相对复杂,故多数文献均采用的是经典的Armstrong-Frederick (A-F)随动硬化法则。本文基于已有的本构理论,利用多机制过程的概念拓展了Lion塑性变形分解理论,明确提出了多重中间构型

  5. PROMOTING CIVIC ENGAGEMENT THROUGH ETHNIC MEDIA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Daniel Ahadi

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available Ethnic media, defined by the Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (for the ethnic program specifically as “one, in any language, that is specifically directed to any culturally or racially distinct group other than one that is Aboriginal Canadian or from France or the British Isles” (CRTC, 1999, are emerging to offer new communicative civic spaces to ethno-cultural citizens. Studies, however, suggest that while they may not be completely disconnected from broader society, they remain largely “distinct from the dominant public sphere” (Karim, 2002. The majority are focused on a single ethnic group and develop in isolation of each other to cater to their specific group’s interests. Such an isolationist tendency is a concern in multicultural societies in that it can potentially intensify political, socio-economic, and cultural divides among older and new populations and develop “parallel societies” (Hafez, 2007 and a fragmented citizenship. Whether or not ethnic media will lead to hindering immigrants’ civic integration by raising citizens of communities rather than citizens of the broader society needs to be empirically validated. This paper, therefore, explores the distinction between mainstream and ethnic media through a comparative content analysis on coverage of the October 14 2008 Canadian federal election in English and Korean press in British Colombia, Canada. The findings suggest that in-group orientation is in fact more distinct in English media with significantly low attention given to ethnic minorities either as candidates or voters. Ethnic media, on the other hand, undertake significant citizenship education by delivering step-by-step “how-to” information about the election to immigrants who are less familiar with the Canadian political system to assist them in exercising voting rights.

  6. Comparing the effects of epidural methylprednisolone acetate injected in patients with pain due to lumbar spinal stenosis or herniated disks: a prospective study

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    Gharibi F

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Jafar Mobaleghi1, Faramarz Allahdini2, Karim Nasseri3, Behzad Ahsan3, Shoaleh Shami4, Mansour Faizi5, Fardin Gharibi51Department of Surgery, 2Department of Neurosurgery, 3Department of Anesthesia, 4Faculty of Nursing, 5Faculty of Medicine, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Kurdistan, IranObjective: Satisfactory results have been seen with epidural steroid injections (ESI in patients with herniated disks (HD, but the role in lumbar spinal stenosis (LSS has been less investigated. We compared long-term effects of ESI in HD and LSS patients.Methods: In a prospective, single-blind uncontrolled study, 60 patients with radicular pain due to HD (n = 32 or LSS (n = 28 were enrolled over a 9-month period. Methylprednisolone acetate 80 mg plus 0.5% bupivacaine 10 mg were diluted in normal saline up to a total volume of 10 mL, and injected into the epidural space. The amount of pain based on numeric pain score, level of activity, and subjective improvement were reported by patients after 2 and 6 months by telephone. Demographic data were analyzed with the chi-square test. The differences in numeric pain scale scores between the two groups at different times were analyzed with the t-test.Results: There were no differences between HD and LSS patients regarding age, sex, and average duration of pain prior to ESI. The degree of pain was significantly higher in LSS patients in comparison with HD patients in the pre-injection period. The amount of pain was significantly reduced in both groups 2 months after injection. This pain reduction period lasted for 6 months in the HD group, but to a lesser extent in LSS patients (P < 0.05.Discussion: Epidural methylprednisolone injection has less analgesic effect in LSS, with less permanent effect in comparison with HD.Keywords: methylprednisolone acetate, lumbar spinal stenosis, herniated disk

  7. Effects of copper sulfate-oxidized or myeloperoxidase- modified LDL on lipid loading and programmed cell death in macrophages under hypoxia

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    Vlaminck B

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Benoit Vlaminck,1 Damien Calay,1 Marie Genin,1 Aude Sauvage,1 Noelle Ninane,1 Karim Zouaoui Boudjeltia,2 Martine Raes,1 Carine Michiels1 1Laboratory of Biochemistry and Cellular Biology (URBC, Namur Research Institute for Life Sciences (NARILIS, University of Namur, Namur, Belgium; 2Laboratory of Experimental Medicine (ULB 222 Unit, Universite Libre de Bruxelles, CHU de Charleroi, Charleroi, Belgium Abstract: Atheromatous plaques contain heavily lipid-loaded macrophages that die, hence generating the necrotic core of these plaques. Since plaque instability and rupture is often correlated with a large necrotic core, it is important to understand the mechanisms underlying foam cell death. Furthermore, macrophages within the plaque are associated with hypoxic areas but little is known about the effect of low oxygen partial pressure on macrophage death. The aim of this work was to unravel macrophage death mechanisms induced by oxidized low-density lipoproteins (LDL both under normoxia and hypoxia. Differentiated macrophages were incubated in the presence of native, copper sulfate-oxidized, or myeloperoxidase-modified LDL. The unfolded protein response, apoptosis, and autophagy were then investigated. The unfolded protein response and autophagy were triggered by myeloperoxidase-modified LDL and, to a larger extent, by copper sulfate-oxidized LDL. Electron microscopy observations showed that oxidized LDL induced excessive autophagy and apoptosis under normoxia, which were less marked under hypoxia. Myeloperoxidase-modified LDL were more toxic and induced a higher level of apoptosis. Hypoxia markedly decreased apoptosis and cell death, as marked by caspase activation. In conclusion, the cell death pathways induced by copper sulfate-oxidized and myeloperoxidase-modified LDL are different and are differentially modulated by hypoxia. Keywords: Ox-LDL, myeloperoxidase, hypoxia, UPR, apoptosis, autophagy, macrophages

  8. Ethosomal nanocarriers: the impact of constituents and formulation techniques on ethosomal properties, in vivo studies, and clinical trials

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdulbaqi IM

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Ibrahim M Abdulbaqi, Yusrida Darwis, Nurzalina Abdul Karim Khan, Reem Abou Assi, Arshad A Khan School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Universiti Sains Malaysia, Penang, Malaysia Abstract: Ethosomal systems are novel lipid vesicular carriers containing a relatively high percentage of ethanol. These nanocarriers are especially designed for the efficient delivery of therapeutic agents with different physicochemical properties into deep skin layers and across the skin. Ethosomes have undergone extensive research since they were invented in 1996; new compounds were added to their initial formula, which led to the production of new types of ethosomal systems. Different preparation techniques are used in the preparation of these novel carriers. For ease of application and stability, ethosomal dispersions are incorporated into gels, patches, and creams. Highly diverse in vivo models are used to evaluate their efficacy in dermal/ transdermal delivery, in addition to clinical trials. This article provides a detailed review of the ethosomal systems and categorizes them on the basis of their constituents to classical ethosomes, binary ethosomes, and transethosomes. The differences among these systems are discussed from several perspectives, including the formulation, size, ζ-potential (zeta potential, entrapment efficiency, skin-permeation properties, and stability. This paper gives a detailed review on the effects of ethosomal system constituents, preparation methods, and their significant roles in determining the final properties of these nanocarriers. Furthermore, the novel pharmaceutical dosage forms of ethosomal gels, patches, and creams are highlighted. The article also provides detailed information regarding the in vivo studies and clinical trials conducted for the evaluation of these vesicular systems. Keywords: ethosomes, transdermal, lipid-based vesicles, delivery systems

  9. Determination of factors controlling the particle size and entrapment efficiency of noscapine in PEG/PLA nanoparticles using artificial neural networks

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shalaby KS

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Karim S Shalaby,1 Mahmoud E Soliman,1 Luca Casettari,2 Giulia Bonacucina,3 Marco Cespi,3 Giovanni F Palmieri,3 Omaima A Sammour,1 Abdelhameed A El Shamy1,† 1Department of Pharmaceutics and Industrial Pharmacy, Faculty of Pharmacy, Ain Shams University, Cairo, Egypt; 2Department of Biomolecular Sciences, School of Pharmacy, University of Urbino, Urbino, Italy; 3School of Pharmacy, University of Camerino, Camerino, Italy †Abdel Hameed El-Shamy passed away on August 25, 2013 Abstract: In this study, di- and triblock copolymers based on polyethylene glycol and polylactide were synthesized by ring-opening polymerization and characterized by proton nuclear magnetic resonance and gel permeation chromatography. Nanoparticles containing noscapine were prepared from these biodegradable and biocompatible copolymers using the nanoprecipitation method. The prepared nanoparticles were characterized for size and drug entrapment efficiency, and their morphology and size were checked by transmission electron microscopy imaging. Artificial neural networks were constructed and tested for their ability to predict particle size and entrapment efficiency of noscapine within the formed nanoparticles using different factors utilized in the preparation step, namely polymer molecular weight, ratio of polymer to drug, and number of blocks that make up the polymer. Using these networks, it was found that the polymer molecular weight has the greatest effect on particle size. On the other hand, polymer to drug ratio was found to be the most influential factor on drug entrapment efficiency. This study demonstrated the ability of artificial neural networks to predict not only the particle size of the formed nanoparticles but also the drug entrapment efficiency. This may have a great impact on the design of polyethylene glycol and polylactide-based copolymers, and can be used to customize the required target formulations. Keywords: noscapine, polyethylene glycol (PEG

  10. Generic Skills from Qur'anic Perspective

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    Siddig Ahmad

    2012-06-01

    Full Text Available Generic skills are defined as a set of skills that are directly related and needed for the working environment. Employers prefer to recruit officials who are competent in interpersonal communication, leadership skill, team work, oral and written skills. They are reluctant to employ graduates lacking certain necessary skills. This reveals the fact that there is a serious gap between the skills that are required by the employers and the skills that the graduates possess. Therefore, this research is focused on five aspects of generic skills namely; communication, team work, problem solving, lifelong learning and self-esteem. From Qur’anic perspective, the same terms have been used except minor differences in using various terms. The thematic approach is used when discussing these aspects from the Qur’an. The findings showed that the ways of effective communication are represented by terms of qawl sadid, qawl ma`ruf, qawl baligh, qawl maysur, qawl karim and qawl layyin. For collective work, ta`aruf and tafahum, as the pre-requisites, should be practiced via ta`awun and takaful. For problem solving, four methods are adapted from the Qur’an such as reflection of the past, observation, demonstration and asking questions. For lifelong learning, the establishment of learning institutions and the self-motivation of learners are two pre-requisites that should be undertaken for its accomplishment. They could be practiced through open learning system, consultation and hands-on learning. Last but not least, for personality development could be built up through physical training, spiritual training and mental training.

  11. Assessment of land use and land cover change using spatiotemporal analysis of landscape: case study in south of Tehran.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Sabr, Abutaleb; Moeinaddini, Mazaher; Azarnivand, Hossein; Guinot, Benjamin

    2016-12-01

    In the recent years, dust storms originating from local abandoned agricultural lands have increasingly impacted Tehran and Karaj air quality. Designing and implementing mitigation plans are necessary to study land use/land cover change (LUCC). Land use/cover classification is particularly relevant in arid areas. This study aimed to map land use/cover by pixel- and object-based image classification methods, analyse landscape fragmentation and determine the effects of two different classification methods on landscape metrics. The same sets of ground data were used for both classification methods. Because accuracy of classification plays a key role in better understanding LUCC, both methods were employed. Land use/cover maps of the southwest area of Tehran city for the years 1985, 2000 and 2014 were obtained from Landsat digital images and classified into three categories: built-up, agricultural and barren lands. The results of our LUCC analysis showed that the most important changes in built-up agricultural land categories were observed in zone B (Shahriar, Robat Karim and Eslamshahr) between 1985 and 2014. The landscape metrics obtained for all categories pictured high landscape fragmentation in the study area. Despite no significant difference was evidenced between the two classification methods, the object-based classification led to an overall higher accuracy than using the pixel-based classification. In particular, the accuracy of the built-up category showed a marked increase. In addition, both methods showed similar trends in fragmentation metrics. One of the reasons is that the object-based classification is able to identify buildings, impervious surface and roads in dense urban areas, which produced more accurate maps.

  12. WANITA MUSLIMAH DAN TANGGUNG JAWABNYA DALAM PENDIDIKAN KELUARGA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rienna Wahidayati

    2012-01-01

    Full Text Available Islam has set up society, started from person to person. It has given strong and deep basis of believe which is called as Tauhid. The main point of this is to unify Allah and perform all Islamic doctrin intensively as doctrine of al Ihsan. How does Islam bring together to meet a man and a woman? These two sides standing in the same status of marriage (in Islamic term called nikah. Afterward set up a family. Family is the smallest unity that exists in society. The existence of family is the point and basic of development, place where human can do all demands as continuation of his species as human instinct. There are many families that are unsuccessful in educating their children. Because the mother doesn’t understand her responsibility to them, then ignored them, So that, they become sinful and disobedient to their parents and society. They will not become sinful, if the parents know their responsibility, especially for mother and performed it well. So, it will very lucky for parents who have godly children because they are asset, hereafter infestations for them. Although their parents have been dead, they will always pray for them. The proof is come from “‘waladun shoolihun yad’uulah’. In the other hand parents who don’t want to know their children’s education or educate them with non Islamic pattern and ideology, their children will grow up as secular who are far from Islamic value. It can be the source of slander, ordeal even enemy for their parents. Al Qur’an Al-Karim is philosophy and Islamic basic law. Al-Quran is information that comes from heaven as truthfulness of Muhammad apostles. It also brings absolute, universal and up to date law/sunnah as mercy for universe (rahmatan lil’alamin

  13. The kinetic activation-relaxation technique: an off-lattice, self-learning kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm with on-the-fly event search

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mousseau, Nomand

    2012-02-01

    While kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm has been proposed almost 40 years ago, its application in materials science has been mostly limited to lattice-based motion due to the difficulties associated with identifying new events and building usable catalogs when atoms moved into off-lattice position. Here, I present the kinetic activation-relaxation technique (kinetic ART) is an off-lattice, self-learning kinetic Monte Carlo algorithm with on-the-fly event search [1]. It combines ART nouveau [2], a very efficient unbiased open-ended activated method for finding transition states, with a topological classification [3] that allows a discrete cataloguing of local environments in complex systems, including disordered materials. In kinetic ART, local topologies are first identified for all atoms in a system. ART nouveau event searches are then launched for new topologies, building an extensive catalog of barriers and events. Next, all low energy events are fully reconstructed and relaxed, allowing to take complete account of elastic effects in the system's kinetics. Using standard kinetic Monte Carlo, the clock is brought forward and an event is then selected and applied before a new search for topologies is launched. In addition to presenting the various elements of the algorithm, I will discuss three recent applications to ion-bombarded silicon, defect diffusion in Fe and structural relaxation in amorphous silicon.[4pt] This work was done in collaboration with Laurent Karim B'eland, Peter Brommer, Fedwa El-Mellouhi, Jean-Francois Joly and Laurent Lewis.[4pt] [1] F. El-Mellouhi, N. Mousseau and L.J. Lewis, Phys. Rev. B. 78, 153202 (2008); L.K. B'eland et al., Phys. Rev. E 84, 046704 (2011).[2] G.T. Barkema and N. Mousseau, Phys. Rev. Lett. 77, 4358 (1996); E. Machado-Charry et al., J. Chem Phys. 135, 034102, (2011).[3] B.D. McKay, Congressus Numerantium 30, 45 (1981).

  14. Inter-Faith Reading of Perfect Man With Mystical Approach

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    Mohammadkazem Shaker

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available   The expression Insan –e kamil (perfect man is often said to have first been used by Muhyiddin ibn 'Arabi (1165 -1240AD, though the concept of the term is much older. In his theosophical teaching, the doctrine of insan e- kamil, is held a prominent place. After him two other great Sufis, Aziz Nasafi (1300AD and 'Abd al- karim ibn Ibrahim al- Jili (1366 – 1424 AD, each wrote a work on this very issue. These works are regarded as explanations of Ibn Arabi’s teachings on human perfection. In Islamic mysticism, Perfect man is the one who within their soul possesses all God's names and attributes. Thus the perfect man’s existence, reality and inner might become a clear mirror and a complete reflection of the Perfection, Beauty and Glory of the Essence of the One, so that he becomes Godlike. However, the idea of human perfectibility going back to other religions and human schools even before Islam. In Abrahimic religions there are some joint teachings that could be considered as main statements for the doctrine of Perfect Man In Jewish scriptures the notion of human creation in God's image suggests that the human being is able to be God's like and the perfection is available to him. However, Jews do not believe a perfect man. They hold that even Moses is not a perfect man. In Christianity, Although Jesus encourages his followers to be perfect like their heavenly fathers, the doctrine of original sin to be considered as an obstacle for human perfectibility.This essay examines some significant element in human perfectibility from the view points of some scholars of Judaism, Christianity and Islam and presents some similarities and differences of their view points.

  15. Inter-Faith Reading of Perfect Man With Mystical Approach

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shaker, M.K

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available The expression Insan –e kamil (perfect man is often said to have first been used by Muhyiddin ibn 'Arabi (1165 -1240AD, though the concept of the term is much older. In his theosophical teaching, the doctrine of insan e- kamil, is held a prominent place. After him two other great Sufis, Aziz Nasafi (1300AD and 'Abd al- karim ibn Ibrahim al- Jili (1366 – 1424 AD, each wrote a work on this very issue. These works are regarded as explanations of Ibn Arabi’s teachings on human perfection. In Islamic mysticism, Perfect man is the one who within their soul possesses all God's names and attributes. Thus the perfect man’s existence, reality and inner might become a clear mirror and a complete reflection of the Perfection, Beauty and Glory of the Essence of the One, so that he becomes Godlike. However, the idea of human perfectibility going back to other religions and human schools even before Islam. In Abrahimic religions there are some joint teachings that could be considered as main statements for the doctrine of Perfect Man In Jewish scriptures the notion of human creation in God's image suggests that the human being is able to be God's like and the perfection is available to him. However, Jews do not believe a perfect man. They hold that even Moses is not a perfect man. In Christianity, Although Jesus encourages his followers to be perfect like their heavenly fathers, the doctrine of original sin to be considered as an obstacle for human perfectibility.This essay examines some significant element in human perfectibility from the view points of some scholars of Judaism, Christianity and Islam and presents some similarities and differences of their view points.

  16. Hummingbird Ecstasy footprint and cultural guide for vine and wine. The case of "Marqués of Villa de Leyva"

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    Fabio Aldemar Gómez Sierra

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available In this article reflecting on viticulture in Boyacá, is analyzed from the project and its product Ain Karim wine Marqués de Villa de Leyva, located in the Valley of Zaquencipá, a structured system of meanings that this type of agriculture does unite in place where it is installed. Historically, viticultural practices have managed to involve substantial elements of cultural dynamics: belief systems, identity, health and disease, and ways to socialize economy ingesting fermented beverages. The wine "Marquis of Villa de Leyva" emerges in a context of climate, soil and subsoil, with potential for development characteristics, which however must be certified with specialized studies of tropical modern winemaking. In this Zaquencipá Valley, as it was called ancestrally, the religious geosmbólica was irradiated by Iguaquemountains, sacred space Muiscas. The conquest and colonization transformed it by the Christian geosimbólica, economic (production of wheat and military. Currently the town of Villa de Leyva and his environment is attractive to tourists, middle-class residents and significant capital, in this context arises the Vineyard founded in the early eighties by Mr. Pablo Toro, originally imported strains Cabernet Sauvignon, Chardonnay and Sauvignon Blanc. This replicates the culture of the vine and wine, which is also supported by a constant of aesthetics, hygiene and ethno-specific technical. its process leaves substantial perceive elements of cultural globalization, internationalization and localities need to analyze the ethno-regional production techniques.

  17. Numerical iterative algorithm of kinematic hardening model under cyclic loadings%循环载荷下随动硬化模型的数值迭代算法

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郑小涛; 程诗; 喻九阳; 陈瑶; 王明伍

    2014-01-01

    The numerical iterative algorithm of the superposed Armstrong-Frederick nonlinear kinematic hardening model under cyclic loadings was investigated based on the Mises yielding criterion and the or-thogonal flow rule .The increment of plastic strain was used to attain the equilibrium and convergence of governing equations .To verify the validity of the proposed iterative algorithm ,Chaboche and Ohno-Ab-del-Karim kinematic hardening models were calculated based on the iterative algorithm ,and the analyzed results were in good agreement with those of obtained by finite element method and experimental data , w hich indicates the reliability of the proposed iterative algorithm .%在Von-Mises屈服准则及正交流动准则的前提下,建立了循环载荷下叠加型 A-F(Armstrong-Frederick)非线性随动强化模型的迭代算法,并根据塑性应变增量的收敛控制实现内部的平衡迭代。为验证本文数值方法的正确性,以Chaboche和Ohno-Abde-Karim随动硬化模型为例,将本文方法的计算结果与通用有限元软件 ANSYS的分析结果及试验数据进行了比较,均吻合良好,验证了本文算法的可靠性。

  18. Kelussia odoratissima Mozaff. activates intrinsic pathway of apoptosis in breast cancer cells associated with S phase cell cycle arrest via involvement of p21/p27 in vitro and in vivo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Karimian H

    2017-02-01

    Full Text Available Hamed Karimian,1 Aditya Arya,2 Mehran Fadaeinasab,3 Mahboubeh Razavi,1 Maryam Hajrezaei,4 Ataul Karim Khan,1 Hapipah Mohd Ali,3 Mahmood Ameen Abdulla,4 Mohamad Ibrahim Noordin1,5 1Department of Pharmacy, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 2School of Medicine, Taylor’s University, Subang Jaya, 3Centre for Natural Products Research and Drug Discovery, 4Department of Biomedical Science, Faculty of Medicine, University of Malaya, Kuala Lumpur, 5Malaysian Institute of Pharmaceuticals and Nutraceuticals (IPharm, Pulau Pinang, Malaysia Background: The aim of this study was to evaluate the anticancer potential of Kelussia odoratissima. Several in vitro and in vivo biological assays were applied to explore the direct effect of an extract and bioactive compound of this plant against breast cancer cells and its possible mechanism of action. Materials and methods: K. odoratissima methanol extract (KME was prepared, and MTT assay was used to evaluate the cytotoxicity. To identify the cytotoxic compound, a bioassay-guided investigation was performed on methanol extract. 8-Hydroxy-ar-turmerone was isolated as a bioactive compound. In vivo study was performed in the breast cancer rat model. LA7 cell line was used to induce the breast tumor. Histopathological and expression changes of PCNA, Bcl-2, Bax, p27 and p21 and caspase-3 were examined. The induction of apoptosis was tested using Annexin V-fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC assay. To confirm the intrinsic pathway of apoptosis, caspase-7 and caspase-9 assays were utilized. In addition, cell cycle arrest was evaluated. Results: Our results demonstrated that K. odoratissima has an obvious effect on the arrest of proliferation of cancer cells. It induced apoptosis, transduced the cell death signals, decreased the threshold of mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP, upregulated Bax and downregulated Bcl-2. Conclusion: This study demonstrated that K. odoratissima exhibits antitumor activity

  19. Confocal microscopy findings in deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty performed after Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Pang A

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available Audrey Pang,1,2 Karim Mohamed-Noriega,1 Anita S Chan,1,3–5 Jodbhir S Mehta1,3 1Singapore National Eye Centre, 2Department of Ophthalmology, Tan Tock Seng Hospital, 3Singapore Eye Research Institute, 4Department of Histopathology, Pathology, Singapore General Hospital, 5Department of Ophthalmology, Yong Loo Lin School of Medicine, National University of Singapore, Singapore Background: This study describes the in vivo confocal microscopy findings in two patients who had deep anterior lamellar keratoplasty (DALK following Descemet's stripping automated endothelial keratoplasty (DSAEK. Methods: The study reviewed the cases of two patients who first underwent DSAEK followed by DALK when their vision failed to improve due to residual stromal scarring. In the first case, a DSAEK was performed for a patient with pseudophakic bullous keratopathy. After surgery, the patient's vision failed to improve satisfactorily due to residual anterior stromal opacity and irregularity. Subsequently, the patient underwent a DALK. The same two consecutive operations were performed for a second patient with keratoconus whose previous penetrating keratoplasty had failed and had secondary graft ectasia. In vivo confocal microscopy was performed 2 months after the DALK surgery in both cases. Results: At 3 months after DALK, the best-corrected visual acuity was 6/30 in case 1 and 6/24 in case 2. In vivo confocal microscopy in both cases revealed the presence of quiescent keratocytes in the stroma layers of the DSAEK and DALK grafts, which was similar in the central and peripheral cornea. There was no activated keratocytes or haze noted in the interface between the grafts. Conclusion: Our short-term results show that performing a DALK after a DSAEK is an effective way of restoring cornea clarity in patients with residual anterior stromal opacity. In vivo confocal microscopy showed that there were no activated keratocytes seen in the interface of the grafts, which suggests

  20. Effects of low-dose ketamine on succinylcholine-induced postoperative myalgia in outpatient surgeries: a randomized, double-blind study

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nasseri K

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Karim Nasseri,1 Sanaz Arvien2 1Department of Anesthesia and Intensive Care, Social Determinants of Health Research Center, 2Student Research Committee, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran Objective: Despite the many complications of succinylcholine, it is still widely used as a superior muscle relaxant for rapid sequence induction. One of these complications is postoperative myalgia (POM. The aim of this study was to investigate the prophylactic effect of low-dose ketamine on the incidence and severity of POM.Materials and methods: In this double-blind clinical study, a total of 148 patients scheduled for general anesthesia were randomly divided into two equal groups. Initially, in Group K, 0.5 mg/kg of ketamine was injected intravenously, whereas in Group N, the same volume (5 mL of normal saline was injected. Thereafter, anesthesia was induced in all patients, by injecting 1.5 mg/kg of fentanyl and 2 mg/kg of propofol intravenously. Following the loss of eyelid reflex, 1.5 mg/kg of succinylcholine was injected intravenously as a muscle relaxant and then the patients were intubated. POM was defined as a pain with no surgical interferences, and its intensity was graded based on a four-point scale. The incidence and severity of myalgia were assessed by a blinded observer 24 hours after surgery.Results: In terms of demographic data, the results of this study showed that there is no significant difference between patients in both groups (P>0.05. Overall, the incidence of POM in Group K was significantly less, when compared with Group N (P<0.05, but both groups were comparable based on the grade 2 of POM. After the induction of anesthesia, the systolic and diastolic blood pressure values were found to reduce in both groups (P<0.05. However, the changes were somehow similar, and repeated measures of variance analysis showed no significant difference in the two study groups (P>0.05.Conclusion: The addition of 0.5 mg/kg of

  1. Rationale, design, and cohort enrolment of a prospective observational study of the clinical performance of the new contraceptive implant (Femplant in Pakistan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Azmat SK

    2014-05-01

    Full Text Available Syed Khurram Azmat,1 Waqas Hameed,1 Anja Lendvay,2 Babar Tasneem Shaikh,3 Ghulam Mustafa,1 Muhammad Ahmed Siddiqui,1 Sajid Brohi,1 Asif Karim,1 Muhammad Ishaque,1 Wajahat Hussain,1 Mohsina Bilgrami,1 Paul J Feldblum2 1Research, Monitoring and Evaluation Department, Marie Stopes Society, Karachi, Pakistan; 2FHI 360, Durham, NC, USA; 3Health Services Academy, Islamabad, Pakistan Introduction: The use of hormonal implants has gained positive traction in family planning programs in recent times. Compared to other popular methods, such as long-term reversible intrauterine devices, the use of hormonal implants as a family planning method has distinct advantages in terms of long-term efficiency and better user compliance and availability. This paper presents a study protocol to document and evaluate the efficacy, safety, and acceptability of Femplant (contraceptive implant in Pakistan during the first year of its use among married women of reproductive age (18–44 years at clinics in two provinces of Pakistan (Sindh and Punjab. Materials and methods: A total of 724 married women were enrolled in a noncomparative prospective observational study. The study involved six government clinics from the Population Welfare Department in Sindh Province and 13 clinics run by the Marie Stopes Society (a local nongovernmental organization in both provinces. The participation of women was subject to voluntary acceptance and medical eligibility. All respondents were interviewed at baseline and subsequently at each scheduled visit during the study period. Side effects, complications and adverse events, if any, were recorded for every participant at each visit to the facility. Discussion: Over the next 5-year period (2013–2018, 27 million hormonal implants will be made available in lower- to middle-income countries by international donors and agencies. The evidence generated from this study will identify factors affecting the acceptability and satisfaction of end

  2. New inhalation-optimized itraconazole nanoparticle-based dry powders for the treatment of invasive pulmonary aspergillosis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Duret C

    2012-10-01

    Full Text Available Christophe Duret,1 Nathalie Wauthoz,1 Thami Sebti,2 Francis Vanderbist,2 Karim Amighi11Laboratoire de Pharmacie Galénique et de Biopharmacie, Université Libre de Bruxelles, Brussels, Belgium; 2SMB Laboratoires, Brussels, BelgiumPurpose: Itraconazole (ITZ dry powders for inhalation (DPI composed of nanoparticles (NP embedded in carrier microparticles were prepared and characterized.Methods: DPIs were initially produced by reducing the ITZ particle size to the nanometer range using high-pressure homogenization with tocopherol polyethylene 1000 succinate (TPGS, 10% w/w ITZ as a stabilizer. The optimized nanosuspension and the initial microsuspension were then spray-dried with different proportions of or in the absence of mannitol and/or sodium taurocholate. DPI characterization was performed using scanning electron microscopy for morphology, laser diffraction to evaluate the size-reduction process, and the size of the dried NP when reconstituted in aqueous media, impaction studies using a multistage liquid impactor to determine the aerodynamic performance and fine-particle fraction that is theoretically able to reach the lung, and dissolution studies to determine the solubility of ITZ.Results: Scanning electron microscopy micrographs showed that the DPI particles were composed of mannitol microparticles with embedded nano- or micro-ITZ crystals. The formulations prepared from the nanosuspension exhibited good flow properties and better fine-particle fractions, ranging from 46.2% ± 0.5% to 63.2% ± 1.7% compared to the 23.1% ± 0.3% that was observed with the formulation produced from the initial microsuspension. Spray-drying affected the NP size by inducing irreversible aggregation, which was able to be minimized by the addition of mannitol and sodium taurocholate before the drying procedure. The ITZ NP-based DPI considerably increased the ITZ solubility (58 ± 2 increased to 96 ± 1 ng/mL compared with that of raw ITZ or an ITZ microparticle

  3. Status of simulation in health care education: an international survey

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    Qayumi K

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Karim Qayumi,1 George Pachev,2 Bin Zheng,3 Amitai Ziv,4 Valentyna Koval,1 Sadia Badiei,5 Adam Cheng6 1Center of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation, Department of Surgery, 2Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 3Surgical Simulation Research Laboratory, Department of Surgery, Faculty of Medicine and Dentistry, University of Alberta, Edmonton, AB, Canada; 4Israel Center for Medical Simulation, Chaim Sheba Medical Center and Sackler Medical School, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel; 5Centre of Excellence for Simulation Education and Innovation, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada; 6KidSIM-ASPIRE Simulation Research Program, Alberta Children’s Hospital, University of Calgary, Calgary, AB, CanadaAbstract: Simulation is rapidly penetrating the terrain of health care education and has gained growing acceptance as an educational method and patient safety tool. Despite this, the state of simulation in health care education has not yet been evaluated on a global scale. In this project, we studied the global status of simulation in health care education by determining the degree of financial support, infrastructure, manpower, information technology capabilities, engagement of groups of learners, and research and scholarly activities, as well as the barriers, strengths, opportunities for growth, and other aspects of simulation in health care education. We utilized a two-stage process, including an online survey and a site visit that included interviews and debriefings. Forty-two simulation centers worldwide participated in this study, the results of which show that despite enormous interest and enthusiasm in the health care community, use of simulation in health care education is limited to specific areas and is not a budgeted item in many institutions. Absence of a sustainable business model, as well as sufficient financial support in terms of budget, infrastructure

  4. False elevation of cardiac markers: importance of recognition

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    Yaser Elnahar

    2011-03-01

    Full Text Available Yaser Elnahar, Joseph Daoko, Karim El Kersh, Jennifer C Kam, Chady Sarraf, Fayez ShamoonSt. Michael’s Medical Center, Newark, NJ, USAAbstract: The availability of troponins as cardiac markers in the diagnosis of acute coronary syndrome is invaluable. However, their elevation can sometimes lead the physician astray. We report a rare case of an 86-year-old Hispanic female with a past medical history significant for asthma, hypertension, atrial fibrillation, and dyslipidemia, who presented to the emergency room complaining of a two-day history of shortness of breath associated with wheezing. She denied any chest pain. The patient’s wheezing ameliorated with bronchodilator treatment. However, her admission laboratory investigations were positive for elevated troponin I, with normal creatine kinase (CK and CK-myoglobin (MB. The first set of cardiac enzymes revealed a troponin I of 29.16 ng/mL (normal < 0.05 ng/mL, CK 234 IU/L, and CK-MB 3.9 IU/L. The electrocardiogram showed rate-controlled atrial fibrillation with nonspecific ST changes. Subsequent cardiac enzymes failed to show any increase in CK or CK-MB. However, the troponin I was, as on admission, persistently elevated at 20.87–29.16 ng/mL. Subsequent cardiac catheterization revealed mild nonobstructive coronary artery disease. Other laboratory tests showed normal creatinine, alkaline phosphatase, and bilirubin, and a negative rheumatoid factor, with absence of hemolysis. A blood sample was subsequently drawn and sent to Beckman Coulter laboratories for heterophile antibody testing. The results confirmed our suspicion of a falsely elevated troponin I caused by the presence of a heterophile antibody. The addition of blocking agents yielded troponin I levels in the normal range. Consistent with current guidelines, we conclude that cardiac markers should be used in conjunction with the clinical picture and the electrocardiogram. This case is unique in that the troponin elevation was

  5. Muhammadiyah: A Preliminary Study

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    Azyumardi Azra

    2014-03-01

    Full Text Available This article is a collection of Bibliography reviewer that discuss Muhammadiyah. The following are some of the bibliography were reviewed:A.R. Sukrianta dan Abdul Munir Malkhan, Perkembangan Pemikiran Muhammadiyah dari Masa ke Masa: Menyambut Muktamar ke-41, (Yogyakarta: Dua Dimensi, 1985.A.R. Sukriyanto dan Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pergumulan Pemikiran dalam Muhammadiyah, (Yogyakarta: Sipress, 1990.Ruslan Abdul Gani. et.al., Cita dan Citra Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1985.M.T. Arifin, Gagasan Pembaharuan Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Jaya, 1987.M.T. Arifin, Muhammadiyah: Potret yang Berubah, (Surakarta: Institut Gelanggang Pemikiran Filsafat Sosial Budaya dan Kependidikan, 1990.M. Yusron Asrofie, Kiyai Haji Ahmad Dahlan, Pemikiran dan Kepemimpinannya, (Yogyakarta: Yogyakarta Offset, 1983.Fathurrahman Djamil, Ijtihad Muhammadiyah dalam Masalah-masalah Fiqh Kontemporer, (Jakarta: Doctoral Dissertation the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN, 1994.Yunahar Ilyas. et.al., Muhammadiyah dan NU: Reorientasi Wawasan Keislaman, (Yogyakarta: LPPI UMY, LKPSM NU, & PP al-Muhsin, 1993.Musthafa kamal, Chusnan Yusuf, dan Rosyad Sholeh, Muhammadiyah sebagai Gerakan Islam, (Yogyakarta: Penerbit Persatuan, 1976.M. Rusli Karim, Muhammadiyah dalam Kritik dan Komentar, (Jakarta: Rajawali, 1986.Arbiyah Lubis, Pemikiran Muhammadiyah dan Muhammad Abduh: Suatu Studi Perbandingan, (Jakarta: Doctoral Dissertation the State Institute of Islamic Studies (IAIN, 1989.Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pemikiran K.H. Ahmad Dahlan dan Muhammadiyah dalam Perspektif Perubahan Sosial, (Jakarta: Bumi Aksara, 1990.Abdul Munir Mulkhan, Pak AR Menjawab 245 Permasalahan dalam Islam, (Yogyakarta: Sipress, 1990.M. Din Syamsuddin, Muhammadiyah Kini dan Esok, (Jakarta: Pustaka Panjimas, 1990.H.S. Prodjokusumo, Melestarikan Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pimpinan Pusat Muhammadiyah, 1985.Yusuf Abdullah Puar, Perjuangan dan Pengabdian Muhammadiyah, (Jakarta: Pustaka Antara, 1989.Sahlan Rosidi

  6. A comparison of external and endoscopic endonasal dacryocystorhinostomy for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction

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    Karim R

    2011-07-01

    Full Text Available R Karim, R Ghabrial, TF Lynch, B TangSchool of Public Health, Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Sydney, AustraliaPurpose: To compare success rates of external dacryocystorhinostomy (DCR and endoscopic endonasal DCR for acquired nasolacrimal duct obstruction (NLDO.Design: Historical cohort study.Participants: 100 patients who underwent external DCR and 105 patients who underwent endoscopic endonasal DCR.Methods: A retrospective review of medical records of patients with acquired NLDO who underwent DCR from 2004–2010 was performed. Data regarding the lacrimal drainage system, eye examination, surgical outcomes, patient symptom control, and postoperative care were analyzed.Main outcome measures: Surgical success was defined by patient's resolution of symptoms with patency on irrigation. Surgical failure was defined as no symptomatic reduction in epiphora and/or an inability to irrigate the lacrimal system postoperatively.Results: A total of 205 patients underwent surgeries for acquired NLDO. The average age was 69 years, and 62.4% of subjects were female. Pooled results showed that both surgical approaches had similar success rates (endoscopic endonasal DCR 82.4% versus external DCR 81.6%; P = 0.895. Complication rates were low in both types of surgery. This included three patients with postoperative hemorrhage (two who had endonasal DCR surgery and one having external DCR surgery. This resolved with conservative treatment. Postoperative problems with lacrimal patency (including canalicular obstruction occurred to 6.8% of endoscopic patients and 9% of those with the external DCR surgery. Of the 14 patients who had their silicone tubes fall out before the 2-month assessment, 10 were classified as failures (71%, in contrast to only a failure rate of 13.9% of those whose tubes were present for the recommended time. This difference was statistically significant (P < 0.01.Conclusion: The success rate of DCR for acquired NLDO in our group of

  7. Interventions for the treatment of uveitic macular edema: a systematic review and meta-analysis

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    Karim R

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Rushmia Karim,1 Evripidis Sykakis,2 Susan Lightman,3 Samantha Fraser-Bell4 1Faculty of Medicine, University of Sydney, Camperdown, NSW, Australia; 2Department of Ophthalmology, Whipps Cross University Hospital, 3UCL Institute of Ophthalmology and Moorfields Eye Hospital, London, UK; 4University of Sydney, Clinical Ophthalmology and Eye Health, Sydney Adventist Hospital Clinical School, Sydney, NSW, Australia Background: Uveitic macular edema is the major cause of reduced vision in eyes with uveitis. Objectives: To assess the effectiveness of interventions in the treatment of uveitic macular edema. Search strategy: Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials, Medline, and Embase. There were no language or data restrictions in the search for trials. The databases were last searched on December 1, 2011. Reference lists of included trials were searched. Archives of Ophthalmology, Ophthalmology, Retina, the British Journal of Ophthalmology, and the New England Journal of Medicine were searched for clinical trials and reviews. Selection criteria: Participants of any age and sex with any type of uveitic macular edema were included. Early, chronic, refractory, or secondary uveitic macular edema were included. We included trials that compared any interventions of any dose and duration, including comparison with another treatment, sham treatment, or no treatment. Data collection and analysis: Best-corrected visual acuity and central macular thickness were the primary outcome measures. Secondary outcome data including adverse effects were collected. Conclusion: More results from randomized controlled trials with long follow-up periods are needed for interventions for uveitic macular edema to assist in determining the overall long-term benefit of different treatments. The only intervention with sufficiently robust randomized controlled trials for a meta-analysis was acetazolamide, which was shown to be ineffective in improving vision in eyes with uveitic

  8. Clinical development of galunisertib (LY2157299 monohydrate, a small molecule inhibitor of transforming growth factor-beta signaling pathway

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    Herbertz S

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available Stephan Herbertz,1 J Scott Sawyer,2 Anja J Stauber,2 Ivelina Gueorguieva,3 Kyla E Driscoll,4 Shawn T Estrem,2 Ann L Cleverly,3 Durisala Desaiah,2 Susan C Guba,2 Karim A Benhadji,2 Christopher A Slapak,2 Michael M Lahn21Lilly Deutschland GmbH, Bad Homburg, Germany; 2Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Indianapolis, IN, USA; 3Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, Windlesham, Surrey, UK; 4Lilly Research Laboratories, Eli Lilly and Company, New York, NY, USA Abstract: Transforming growth factor-beta (TGF-β signaling regulates a wide range of biological processes. TGF-β plays an important role in tumorigenesis and contributes to the hallmarks of cancer, including tumor proliferation, invasion and metastasis, inflammation, angiogenesis, and escape of immune surveillance. There are several pharmacological approaches to block TGF-β signaling, such as monoclonal antibodies, vaccines, antisense oligonucleotides, and small molecule inhibitors. Galunisertib (LY2157299 monohydrate is an oral small molecule inhibitor of the TGF-β receptor I kinase that specifically downregulates the phosphorylation of SMAD2, abrogating activation of the canonical pathway. Furthermore, galunisertib has antitumor activity in tumor-bearing animal models such as breast, colon, lung cancers, and hepatocellular carcinoma. Continuous long-term exposure to galunisertib caused cardiac toxicities in animals requiring adoption of a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic-based dosing strategy to allow further development. The use of such a pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic model defined a therapeutic window with an appropriate safety profile that enabled the clinical investigation of galunisertib. These efforts resulted in an intermittent dosing regimen (14 days on/14 days off, on a 28-day cycle of galunisertib for all ongoing trials. Galunisertib is being investigated either as monotherapy or in combination with standard antitumor regimens (including nivolumab

  9. Self-directed Learning and Its Impact on Menopausal Symptoms.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yazdkhasti, Mansoureh; Keshavarz, Maryam; Mahmoodi, Zohreh; Hosseini, Agha Fatemeh

    2014-05-01

    One of the main criteria to verify the effectiveness of a health training program is to measure quality of life in menopausal women. Hence the aim of this review was to evaluate the effects of self-directed learning (SDL) on MENQOl. The present single blind field study was conducted in Saadatmandi Health Center of Robat Karim (Iran, Southwest of Tehran Province) from August to December 2010. One handred and ten menopausal women were selected using convenience sampling method and then divided into two experimental (Self-directed Learning) and control groups of 55 each. Four manuals were developed to guide the women in the experimental group containing practical ways to treat menopausal symptoms. They were distributed among the participants for four weeks on a specific day. Menopausal Specific Quality of Life Questionnaire (MENQOL) was used to determine and compare quality of life scores of these women (before and three months after intervention sessions). The control group did not receive any intervention. Statistical analysis was performed by SPSS/16 software using Kolmogorov-Sminov, ANOVA, independent paired t test and Chi-square test. There were significant statistical differences between two groups regarding the age of subjects; age of menopause; economic, educational and employment status; number of dead and living children; BMI and vasomotor, physical, sexual and psycho-social postmenopausal symptoms. The implementation of Self-directed Learning (SDL) model leads to a significant statistical difference in scores of vasomotor symptoms (16.32 ± 5.92 to 13.26 ± 5.31), psychosocial symptoms (34.8 ± 11 to 27.18 ± 10.83), physical symptoms (75.02 ± 18.07 to 61.42 ± 15.49), sexual symptoms (15.36 ± 6.10 to 12.00 ± 4.97) and the overall score for quality of life (141.5 ± 41.09 to 113.86 ± 36.6) (P self-directed learning provides a useful strategy that should be included in health intervention and national surveillance programs in order to improve health and

  10. Plantinga\\\\\\'s Internal and External Approach toRationality of Belief in God

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    Mahdi Farajipak

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Various views about the rationality/irrationality of believing in God have been suggested by western religious and secular thinners. The theory of "Basicalism" together with its similar views such as "Evidentialism", "Fideism" and"Pragmatism" is one of the epistemological views posed about the belief in God and seeks to prove its rationality. In general, based on this view, believing in God does not require any rational reasoning. Various versions of this view have been presented so far.One of its versions expressed by scholars like Swinburne, Alston and Plantinga is what is known as Experientialism. In his special exposition of Experientialism – which he refers to as "reformed epistemology" –Plantinga has had two different dictions in his works. In his early woks such as God and other Minds, "Is Belief in God Rational?", "Is Belief in God Properly Basic?" and"Reformed Epistemology and Christian Apologetics", he endeavored to prove the rationality and justificationof believing in God and tried to offer certain and compelling arguments to prove the existence of God. In these works, Plantinga has adopted an internal approach toward the rationality of believing in God and regards it as a basic belief. Criticizing classic foundationalism, he sought to expand a different version of foundationalism according to which God's existence is regarded as basic for a believer. Based on this approach, Palntinga, like other proponents of foundationalism, considers the knowledgea "True Justified Belief". His view is, however, different from other foundationalists in defining the nature of the third element of knowledge. According to Plantinga's early exposition of his theory, the criteria of rationality of believing in God include the principles of classic foundationalism(such as evident to senses, evident to reason and incorrigibility and other elements. He rejected the deductive-priori method concerning the criteria of determining basic belief and

  11. Echoes from a Dying Star

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kohler, Susanna

    2017-06-01

    When a passing star is torn apart by a supermassive black hole, it emits a flare of X-ray, ultraviolet, and optical light. What can we learn from the infrared echo of a violent disruption like this one?Stellar DestructionOptical (black triangles) and infrared (blue circles and red squares) observations of F010042237. Day 0 marks the day the optical emission peaked. The infrared emission rises steadily through the end of the data. [Dou et al. 2017]Tidal disruption events occur when a star passes within the tidal radius of a supermassive black hole. After tidal forces pull the star apart, much of the stellar matter falls onto the black hole, radiating briefly in X-ray, ultraviolet and optical as it accretes. This signature rise and gradual fall of emission has allowed us to detect dozens of tidal disruption events thus far.One of the recently discovered candidate events is a little puzzling. Not only does the candidate in ultraluminous infrared galaxy F010042237 have an unusual host most disruptions occur in galaxies that are no longer star-forming, in contrast to this one but its optical light curve also shows an unusually long decay time.Now mid-infrared observations of this event have beenpresented by a team of scientists led by Liming Dou (Guangzhou University and Department of Education, Guangdong Province, China), revealing why this disruption is behaving unusually.Schematic of a convex dusty ring (red bows) that absorbs UV photons and re-emits in the infrared. It simultaneously scatters UV and optical photons into our line of sight. The dashed lines illustrate the delays at lags of 60 days, 1, 2, 3, 4, and 5 years. [Adapted from Dou et al. 2017]A Dusty Solution?The optical flare from F010042237s nucleus peaked in 2010, so Dou and collaborators obtained archival mid-infrared data from the WISE and NEOWISE missions from 2010 to 2016. The data show that the galaxy is quiescent in mid-infrared in 2010 but in data from three years later, the infrared emission has

  12. A Brief Overview of Early History of Iranian Radiology

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    Akbar Bonakdarpour

    2009-01-01

    . Mansour Guidfar had his radiological training in France and established an elaborate radiology office in Tehran. He practiced radiology diligently many years in Tehran.Dr. Youssef Fazlalizadeh was on the faculty of Tehran University and served a number of years in the radiology department of the "five hundred bed hospital" of Tehran University. He participated in training of radiology residents in that hospital. He was also a private practitioner.Dr. Nematollah Karamati established the department of radiology at Esfahan University. He was chairman of radiology at Esfahan University and he also was a private practitioner. He is in the USA now.Dr. Morteza Bajoghli of Esfahan University has been also a private practitioner. He is a very good teacher whose knowledge is always up to date. He was trained at the University of Pittsburg Pennsylvania and had the opportunity of learning directly from the late Dr. John Caffey, one of the founders of pediatric radiology.Drs. Niknejad, Ali Fatemi, Farah, khajavi, Zarrabi and Karim Vessal of Shiraz University deserve to be honorably included in the history of Iranian academic radiology. This was the only full-time academic group during their service at Shiraz University.Dr. Emami has been at Esfahan University and he is also a private practitioner. He is certified by the American Board of Radiology.Dr. Saeed Rad established the department of radiology at Tabriz University has been chairman for a number of years. He also has a private office. He is an excellent teacher of radiology.Dr. Alizadeeh was at Mashad University and perhaps he was a private practitioner. He is retired in Switzerland now. He had his training with the late Dr. Felson, the prominent American teacher and chest radiologist.Dr. Hassan Fateh was at Pars Hospital in Tehran and he was a founder of the Iranian Radiology Society without any financial benefit from the society. He is in USA now. He was trained in UK and USA. He had his training in the USA with Dr. Harold

  13. Book Reviews

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    Brian Swann

    1983-10-01

    Full Text Available - G.J. Abbink, J.M. Schoffeleers, Missie en Ontwikkeling in Oost-Afrika. Een ontmoeting van culturen, Nijmegen-Baarn: Katholiek Studiecentrum - Ambo, 1983, 167 pp., H. Obdeijn (eds. - Gary Brana-Shute, Barry B. Levine, Benjy Lopez: A picaresque tale of emigration and return. Basic Books, 1980. 240 pages, bibliography, no index. - Victoria M. Clara van Groenendael, Günter Spitzing, Das indonesische Schattenspiel Bali - Java - Lombok, Köln: Dumont, 1981, 236 pages, photographs, illustrations, map, tables, glossary, bibliography, index. Dumont-Taschenbücher 110. - Dirk van Dusseldorp, B. Galjart, Participation of the poor in development. Contributions to a seminar. 325 pp. Leiden development studies 2, Institute of cultural and social studies, University of Leiden, Leiden 1982., D. Buys (eds. - C. van Dijk, R. de Bruin, Islam en nationalisme in door Japan bezet Indonesië: 1942-1945, ‘s-Gravenhage: Staatsuitgeverij, 1982. Rijksinstituut voor Oorlogsdocumentatie, Cahiers over Nederland en de Tweede Wereldoorlog, nr. 3. - R. Hagesteijn, H.B. Sarkar, Literary heritage of Southeast Asia. Calcutta, Firma KLM Private Limited, 265 pages. - M. Hekker, S. Price, Afro-American arts of the Suriname rain forest. University of California Press, Berkeley/Los Angelos/London, 1981. 237 pp. Maps, Ill., R. Price (eds. - M. Hekker, S.R. Siregar, Adat, Islam and Christianity in a Batak Homeland. Athens, Ohio 1981. Papers in International studies, Southeast Asia series no. 57, Ohio University. 108 pp. - P.E. de Josselin de Jong, Wazir-Jahan Begum Karim, Ma’ Betisék concepts of living things, 1981. New Jersey: Athlone Press. London school of economics monographs on social anthropology no. 54. xv, 270 pp., 3 maps, 6 figs., 11 tables. - Peter Kloos, Paul Alexander, Sri Lanka Fishermen. Rural capitalism and peasant society. Canberra, Australian National University Monographs no. 7, 1982, 328 pp. - Peter Kloos, James Brow, Vedda villages of Anuradhapura. The

  14. Identification of potential drug targets by subtractive genome analysis of Escherichia coli O157:H7: an in silico approach

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    Mondal SI

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available Shakhinur Islam Mondal,1,6,* Sabiha Ferdous,1,* Nurnabi Azad Jewel,1 Arzuba Akter,2,6 Zabed Mahmud,1 Md Muzahidul Islam,1 Tanzila Afrin,3 Nurul Karim4,5 1Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology Department, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh; 2Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Shahjalal University of Science and Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh; 3Department of Pharmacy, East West University, Aftabnagar, Bangladesh; 4Biochemistry and Molecular Biology Department, Jahangirnagar University, Savar, Bangladesh; 5Division of Parasitology, 6Division of Microbiology, Department of Infectious Diseases, Faculty of Medicine, University of Miyazaki, Miyazaki, Japan *These authors contributed equally to this work Abstract: Bacterial enteric infections resulting in diarrhea, dysentery, or enteric fever constitute a huge public health problem, with more than a billion episodes of disease annually in developing and developed countries. In this study, the deadly agent of hemorrhagic diarrhea and hemolytic uremic syndrome, Escherichia coli O157:H7 was investigated with extensive computational approaches aimed at identifying novel and broad-spectrum antibiotic targets. A systematic in silico workflow consisting of comparative genomics, metabolic pathways analysis, and additional drug prioritizing parameters was used to identify novel drug targets that were essential for the pathogen’s survival but absent in its human host. Comparative genomic analysis of Kyoto Encyclopedia of Genes and Genomes annotated metabolic pathways identified 350 putative target proteins in E. coli O157:H7 which showed no similarity to human proteins. Further bioinformatic approaches including prediction of subcellular localization, calculation of molecular weight, and web-based investigation of 3D structural characteristics greatly aided in filtering the potential drug targets from 350 to 120. Ultimately, 44 non-homologous essential proteins of E

  15. SHORT STORIES IN THE BALKANS AND CONTEMPORARYSHORT STORIES IN THE WORLD

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    Larisa Softic - Gasal

    2014-01-01

    Full Text Available A comparative analysis of selected short stories in the Balkan countries, as well as contemporary short stories of the world, will show us that the key themes of those stories are very similar to the short stories written during the period of transition in Bosnia and Herzegovina (1995-2010. For example, the story of the Soul Operation by an Iranian writer Mohsen Mahmalbafa, The Falcons by a Dutch writer Kader Abdolaha and On the Kitchen Stairs by a Polish writer Witold Gombrowic zinter connect with short stories by authors from Bosnia and Herzegovina, such as The Secret of Raspberry jam by Karim Zaimović or The Devilish work of Zoran Riđanović. A common thread manifests itself in the aforementioned stories, more specifically, a common theme which focuses on the need for eradication of the seeds of submission and compliance with the political system. Most authors focus on their domestic political systems; however, some portray and analyze systems in other countries as they see it, such as a Dutch narrator who focuses on a potential threat of infringement of human freedom. Moreover, Bellow Hubei by an Argentinian writer Anhelika Gorodis her underlines the importance of humanization within a political order. Faruk Šehić examines the political system in Bosnia and Herzegovina from a slightly different perspective. His collection of stories Under Pressure emphases the issue of pressure in the above war model of short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina. These stories are the product of pressure and anxiety, with intent to latently promote new ways of spiritual survival, directly relating to the concept and the theme of the story The Past Age Man by Christian Karlson Stead. Further analysis of the alienation theme singled out short stories in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Plants are Something Else by Alma Lazarevska and Dialogues by Lamija Begagić, and pointed out their connection with some recent international short stories such as The Last Defence by

  16. Carbon Nanotubes Technology for Removal of Arsenic from Water

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    Ali Naghizadeh

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available Please cite this article as: Naghizadeh A, Yari AR, Tashauoei HR, Mahdavi M, Derakhshani E, Rahimi R, Bahmani P. Carbon nanotubes technology for removal of arsenic from water. Arch Hyg Sci 2012;1(1:6-11. Aims of the Study: This study was aimed to investigate the adsorption mechanism of the arsenic removal from water by using carbon nanotubes in continuous adsorption column. Materials & Methods: Independent variables including carbon nanotubes dosage, contact time and breakthrough point were carried out to determine the influence of these parameters on the adsorption capacity of the arsenic from water. Results: Adsorption capacities of single wall and multiwall carbon nanotubes were about 148 mg/g and 95 mg/g respectively. The experimental data were analyzed using Langmuir and Freundlich isotherm models and equilibrium data indicate the best fit obtained with Langmuir isotherm model. Conclusions: Carbon nanotubes can be considered as a promising adsorbent for the removal of arsenic from large volume of aqueous solutions. References: 1. Lomaquahu ES, Smith AH. Feasibility of new epidemiology studies on arsenic exposures at low levels. AWWA Inorganic Contaminants Workshop. San Antonio; 1998. 2. Burkel RS, Stoll RC. Naturally occurring arsenic in sandstone aquifer water supply wells of North Eastern Wisconsin. Ground Water Monit Remediat 1999;19(2:114-21. 3. Mondal P, Majumder CB, Mohanty B. Laboratory based approaches for arsenic remediation from contaminated water: recent developments. J Hazard Mater 2006;137(1: 464-79. 4. Meenakshi RCM. Arsenic removal from water: a review. Asian J Water Environ Pollut 2006;3(1:133-9. 5. Wickramasinghe SR, Binbing H, Zimbron J, Shen Z, Karim MN. Arsenic removal by coagulation and filtration: comparison of ground waters from United States and Bangladesh. Desalination 2004;169:231-44. 6. Hossain MF. Arsenic contamination in Bangladesh-an overview. Agric Ecosyst Environ 2006;113(1-4:1-16. 7. USEPA, Arsenic. Final

  17. The SAWO (Small And Well Organized) avatar teaches the importance of the aggregates on the soil system and how to determine their stability

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mataix-Solera, Jorge; Cerdà, Artemi; Jordán, Antonio; Úbeda, Xavier; Pereira, Paulo

    2015-04-01

    Spanish Government for finance the POSTFIRE project (CGL2013- 47862-C2-1-R). The research projects GL2008-02879/BTE, LEDDRA 243857 and PREVENTING AND REMEDIATING DEGRADATION OF SOILS IN EUROPE THROUGH LAND CARE (RECARE)FP7-ENV-2013- supported this research. References Cerdà, A. 1996. Soil aggregate stability in three mediterranean environments. Soil Technology, 9, 129-133. Cerdà, A. 1998. Soil aggregate stability under different Mediterranean vegetation types. Catena, 32, 73-86. Cerdà, A. 2000. Aggregate stability against water forces under different climates on agriculture land and scrubland in southern Bolivia. Soil and Tillage Research, 36, 1- 8. Cerdà, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Arcenegui, V. (2012, April). Aggregate stability in citrus plantations. The impact of drip irrigation. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 14, p. 3772). García-Orenes, F., Roldán, A., Mataix-Solera, J., Cerdà, A., Campoy, M., Arcenegui, V., Caravaca, F. 2012. Soil structural stability and erosion rates influenced by agricultural management practices in a semi-arid Mediterranean agro-ecosystem. Soil Use and Management 28(4): 571-579. DOI: 10.1111/j.1475-2743.2012.00451.x Gelaw, A. M., Singh, B. R., Lal, R. 2015. Organic carbon and nitrogen associated with soil aggregates and particle sizes under different land uses in Tigray, northern Ethiopia. Land Degradation & Development.DOI: 10.1002/ldr.2261 Hallett, P., Ogden, M., Karim, K., Schmidt, S., Yoshida, S. (2014, May). Beneath aggregate stability-quantifying thermodynamic properties that drive soil structure dynamics. In EGU General Assembly Conference Abstracts (Vol. 16, p. 10792). Jordán, A., Zavala, L. M., Mataix-Solera, J., Nava, A. L., Alanís, N. (2011). Effect of fire severity on water repellency and aggregate stability on Mexican volcanic soils. Catena, 84(3), 136-147. Jordan, M., Garcia-Orenes, F., Mataix-Solera, J., Garcia-Sanchez, E. (2012, April). Evaluation of the physical properties, bulk density and aggregate

  18. Analysis of cultural development of Isfahan city Using Factor analysis method

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    J.Mohammadi

    2013-01-01

    services are very important.Keyword: Spatial analysis, Cultural Development, Factor analysis method, Isfahan city.ReferencesAzemi, Hossein (2004, Circuits of underdevelopment Iran's economy,nay press, Fifth Edition.Azemi, Nasser (2002, exploring the fundamentals of urbanization and urban systems, Nekapress, Tehran.Consulting Engineers, Translated by Abutalebfanai and others (1992, Guidelines for planning rural centers, Rural and Development press, No.10.Fanni, Zohre (2004, small cities another phenomenon in regional development, First edition, ministry of interior.Ghanbari Haft cheshme, Abolfazl&KarimHosseinzadedalir (2005, specification of thedegree of development in townships of Eastern Azarbaijan Province 1375, Geography and areal development journal Mashhad Ferdosi University No.5, 113-123.Hekmatnia, Hassan, Mousavi, Mirnajaf(2006, model application in Geography emphasizing rural and planning, ElmeNovin press, first edition.Kalantari, Khalil (2001, Planning and regional development, theories and techniques, khoshbin press, First Edition, Tehran.Kalantari, khalil (2003, data process and analysis in socioeconomic researches, Tehran, sharif press.MasoumiAshkevri, Hassan (1993, principles and methods of regional planning.Mohammadi, Jamal (2002, an analysis of quantitative concepts and their role in urban and regional planning, Geographic space journal, Ahar Open University, 2, 87-102.MokhtariMalekabadi, Reza (2007, Impact of information technology on urban land use planning (Case Study: _ recreational and cultural uses in the city Isfahan, Ph.D. dissertation, Isfahan University.Mousavi, Mirnajaf ,Hekmatnia , Hassan, (2005,Analysis and synthesis of the factors causing the development of areas Iran, Geography and Development journal, Fall and Winter.Mohammad Mouliyae (2007, Comparing the degree of development of the service sector and social welfare of the province during 1373 and 1383, Quarterly of Welfare, Sixth year, No.24.PapolyYazdi, Mohammad Hossein and Rajabi

  19. The Emphasizing Metonymy and Its Relation Whit Ambiguity of Text

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    Amir Saleh Masoomi

    2016-05-01

    .   12. ------------------------------------------ (1998. Al-Izah fi Olum al-Balaghah. Beirut: House of Revival of science.   13. Matouq, Hussein (2005. Al-Insaf fi Masael al-Khilaf. Kuwait: library of Irfan.   14. Qutaiba son, Abdullah ibn Muslim, (2007. Ta'wil Mushkel al-Quran. Ibrahim Shams al-Din (Emend.. Beirut: House of scientific books.   15. Sabban, Mohammed ibn Ali (1997. Hashyat al-Sabban ala Sharh al-Oshmuni. Beirut: house of scientific books.   16. Sakkaki, Yusuf bin Mohammed (2000. Meftah al-Olum. Abdul Hamid Hindawi (Emend.. Beirut: House of scientific books.   17. Shahristani, Muhammad ibn Abd al-Karim (1983. Al-Milal va al-Nihal. Seyed Mohammed Kilani (Emend.. Beirut: House of knowledge.   18. Suyooti, Abdulrahman ibn Ibepkr (n.d.. Hama’ al-Hawame' fi Sharh Jam'e al-jame. Abdul Hameed Hindawi (Emend.. Egypt: Tafiqiah Library.   19. Taftazani, Masoud ibn Omar (2005. Al-Motawal, Sharh Talkhis al-Miftah. Ahmad Azv Enayah (Emend.. Beirut: House of Revival of Islamic Heritage.   20. Zahabi, Mohammed ibn Ahmad (1985. Siar A'alam al-Nubala. A group of investigators under the supervision of Shoaib Arnaout. Beirut: Al-Resalah Institute.   21. --------------------------------------- (2000. Al-Bahr al-Muhit fi Osul al-Fiqh. Mohamed Mohamed Tamer (Emend.. Beirut: House of scientific books.   Zrkashi, Mohammed ibn Bahadur (1957. Al-Borhan fi Olum al-Quaran. Abolfazl Mohammad Ibrahim (Emend.. Cairo: House of revival of Arabic books.

  20. Community Development Strategic Planning with a Focus on Social Variables, Case study: Tollab Community of Mashhad

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    E. Mafi

    2012-01-01

    mashhad. Mashhad, IranBarghamdi, Hadi. (2008. Effect of clearance of Ghorbat Neighborhood on social capital. Social welfare quarterly, V28: 26-283Clark, david. (1996. Urban World/ Global City. London and New York: routledge pubclose, david. W. (2007. A model for strategic social planning in a fishng economy. vascos, pp:373-398. Dalir, Karim Hosseinzade. & Others. (2009. Analysis and Qualitative Assessment of Urban Sustainability Measures in the Tabriz City Journal of Urban - Regional Studies and Research, V 2: 1-18Danca, Anthony. C. (2010. What is SWOT Analysis, Downloaded from SWOT Analysis: http://www. stfrancis. edu/content/ba/ghkickul/stuwebs/btopics/works/swot. htmFellahat, Mohammad sadegh. (2006. Sence of place and Its indexes. HonarHaye Ziba. vol26: 57-66Foroozande dehkodi, Lotfollah. (2008. Strategic planning model. Management sience, vol 45: 97-111Friedman, john. (1993. Toward anon euclidion mode of planning. JAPA journal, Autumn, pp: 43-44. Fukuyama, Francis. (2000. The order end, review of social capital and maintaining it. translated by Gholam Abbas Tavassoli. Tehran: Jahan emruz pubGiddens, Anthony. (1999. The Third Way: The Renewal of Social Democracy. translated by Manoochehr Saboori. TehranHaji poor, Khalil. (2006. Neighborhood Based planning. HonaHaye Ziba, vol6: 37-46.Hemati, Reza. (2007. Social capital, methodological challenges and measurment tools. Social capital and economic development conferranceIbrahim Poor, Eisa. (2009. The Analysis of Effective Factors in the Expansion of Coastal Region of Chabahar Tourism through SWOT Model. Journal of Urban - Regional Studies and Research, V 1:107-128Imani Jajarmi, Hossein. (2006. Neighborhood life and cultural development. Tehran. Tehran municipality.Imani Jajarmi, Hossein. (2008. Historic-cultural characteristic of community management of neighborhood in Iran. Iranian Journal of anthropology, V8.Khakpor, Baratali. & others. (2009. The role of capital in the regional stable development case study: Sajjad area

  1. FOREWORD: Computational methodologies for designing materials Computational methodologies for designing materials

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rahman, Talat S.

    2009-02-01

    084206 [7] Biswas P, Tafen D N, Inam F, Cai B and Drabold D A 2009 Materials modeling by design: applications to amorphous solids J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084207 [8] Rossi G and Ferrando R 2009 Searching for low-energy structures of nanoparticles: a comparison of different methods and algorithms J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084208 [9] Rogan J, Ramírez M, Muñoz V, Alejandro Valdivia J, García G, Ramírez R and Kiwi M 2009 Diversity driven unbiased search of minimum energy cluster configurations J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084209 [10] Pedersen A, Pizzagalli L and Jónsson H 2009 Finding mechanism of transitions in complex systems: formation and migration of dislocation kinks in a silicon crystal J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084210 [11] Trushin O, Jalkanen J, Granato E, Ying S C and Ala-Nissila T 2009 Atomistic studies of strain relaxation in heteroepitaxial systems J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084211 [12] Fichthorn K A, Miron R A, Wang Y and Tiwary Y 2009 Accelerated molecular dynamics of thin-film growth with the bond-boost method J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084212 [13] Kara A, Trushin O, Yildirim H and Rahman T S 2009 Off-lattice self-learning kinetic Monte Carlo: application to 2D cluster diffusion on the fcc(111) surface J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084213 [14] Nandipati G, Shim Y, Amar J G, Karim A, Kara A, Rahman T S and Trushin O 2009 Parallel kinetic Monte Carlo simulations of Ag(111) island coarsening using a large database J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084214 [15] Hamouda A, Stasevich T J, Pimpinelli A and Einstein T L 2009 Effects of impurities on surface morphology: some examples J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084215 [16] Li M, Han Y, Thiel P A and Evans J W 2009 Formation of complex wedding-cake morphologies during homoepitaxial film growth of Ag on Ag(111): atomistic, step-dynamics, and continuum modeling J. Phys.: Condens. Matter 21 084216 [17] Uhlík F, Gatti R and Montalenti F 2009 A fast computational method for determining equilibrium concentration