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Sample records for karat carolyn brodie

  1. [Brodie's abscess].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lindsetmo, R O; Due, J; Singh, K; Stalsberg, H

    1993-08-10

    Brodie's abscess is a localized subacute or chronic osteomyelitis independent of any known previous acute infection. The entity is often mistaken for a bone tumour. The diagnosis requires biopsy. The treatment is curettage, drainage and antibiotics for a minimum of six weeks. We describe the characteristics of Brodie's abscess and describe a patient with an illustrating history, but with an unusual localization of the abscess (osilium).

  2. Karate and karate injuries.

    OpenAIRE

    McLatchie, G

    1981-01-01

    The origins of karate and its evolution as a sport are described. Karate injuries tend to occur in three main areas: the head and neck, the viscera, and the limbs. Effective legislation controlling karate, which could help prevent injuries, is lacking at the moment and should be established. Recommendations for the prevention of injury include the introduction of weight classes, mandatory provision of protective equipment such as padded flooring, and the outlawing of certain uncontrollable m...

  3. Understanding Karate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerny, Marilyn

    1981-01-01

    Karate and the martial arts help to develop endurance, flexibility, speed, coordination, and strength. Karate is an intellectual discipline which has a strong foundation in art and philosophy. The black belt system and the various schools of karate are discussed. (JN)

  4. Understanding Karate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cerny, Marilyn

    1981-01-01

    Karate and the martial arts help to develop endurance, flexibility, speed, coordination, and strength. Karate is an intellectual discipline which has a strong foundation in art and philosophy. The black belt system and the various schools of karate are discussed. (JN)

  5. Symmetrical Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chambler, A F; Chapman-Sheath, P J; Pearse, M F; Hollingdale, J

    1997-10-01

    Chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis is often confused with symmetrical Brodie's abscess as it has a similar pathogenesis. We report an otherwise healthy 17-year-old boy presenting with a true symmetrical Brodie's abscess. We conclude that a symmetrical Brodie's abscess presenting in an otherwise healthy patient is a separate clinical condition with a different management protocol.

  6. Brodie's abscess revisited.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kornaat, P R; Camerlinck, M; Vanhoenacker, F M; De Praeter, G; Kroon, H M

    2010-01-01

    Radiology plays an important role in the diagnosis of a Brodie's abscess, as can be difficult for a clinician to identify the disease using clinical information alone. A Brodie's abscess is clinically difficult to diagnose because patients typically have mild local symptoms, few or no constitutional symptoms, and near normal laboratory values. Furthermore, a Brodie's abscess may mimic various benign and malignant conditions, resulting in delayed diagnosis and treatment. The most frequently made incorrect diagnosis is that of a primary bone tumor. The present pictorial review summarizes imaging clues to the diagnosis of a Brodie's abscess, such as the serpentine sign on conventional radiographs and the penumbra sign seen on Magnetic Resonance (MR) images. A Brodie's abscess is difficult to diagnose, however, once diagnosed, it is a curable disease with a 100% cure rate.

  7. Karate: Keep It Safe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, David

    1981-01-01

    Safety guidelines for each phase of a karate practice session are presented to provide an accident-free and safe environment for teaching karate in a physical education or traditional karate training program. (JMF)

  8. Karate: Keep It Safe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jordan, David

    1981-01-01

    Safety guidelines for each phase of a karate practice session are presented to provide an accident-free and safe environment for teaching karate in a physical education or traditional karate training program. (JMF)

  9. Operative treatment of Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dunn, E C; Singer, L

    1991-01-01

    This manuscript deals with a unique operative management of unilateral Brodie's abscess in a 16-year-old male. Brodie's abscess is a common finding in childhood osteomyelitis. A review of the radiographic appearance, clinical presentation, and surgical management is presented.

  10. Genetics Home Reference: Brody myopathy

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... Kuppevelt TH, Ferlini A, Tomelleri G. Brody disease: insights into biochemical features of SERCA1 and identification of ... healthcare professional . About Genetics Home Reference Site Map Customer Support Selection Criteria for Links USA.gov Copyright ...

  11. Radiological diagnosis of Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kowalewski, Michał; Swiatkowski, Jan; Michałowska, Ilona; Swiecicka, Dorota

    2002-12-30

    Background. Brodie's abscess is a kind of rare subacute or chronic osteitis. It is probably caused by mistreated or non-treated osteitis, or by bacteria of low virulence. Material and methods. In the Orthopedic and Traumatology Clinic of our medical school 5 patients were diagnosed with Brodie's obsecess between 1999 and 2002. all the patients had conventional x-rays, while one also had CT and MRI. Results and conclusions. The typical x-ray image shows an osteolytic lesion with sclerotic margin in the diametophysis. Each of the 5 patients had surgery. In 4 cases the histopatological results confirmed the radiological diagnosis. In one case fibrous dysplasia was found.

  12. Brodie's abscess: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alter, S A; Sprinkle, R W

    1995-01-01

    The authors present a case report with a 1-year follow-up period, demonstrating the successful diagnosis and surgical treatment of a focal lesion of the distal metaphysis of the right tibia in an 11-year-old female. The author discusses the pathology of hematologic osteomyelitis and its role in the development of a subacute abscess. A review of the literature and a detailed description of the pathogenesis of Brodie's abscess is submitted as well.

  13. Antidote to Controversy? Responses to Carolyn Henly.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Randall, Mary Ella; And Others

    1993-01-01

    Provides four practicing teachers' written responses to Carolyn Henly's article entitled "Reader Response Theory as Antidote to Controversy: Teaching "The Bluest Eye," which appears in the same issue. (HB)

  14. STUDY OF EXTRAKURICULAR KARATE EVALUATION TOWARDS ACHIEVEMENT OF STUDENTS KARATE "STUDI EVALUASI PEMBINAAN EKSTRAKURIKULER KARATE TERHADAP PRESTASI KARATE PELAJAR"

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    Gestiawan Candra Pramulyarso

    2017-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this research is to figure out the development of karate extracurricular in SMA N 1 Slawi, SMA N 2 Slawi and SMA N 1 Bojong. This is a qualitative research with percentage descriptive approach. The result shows that there are some disadvantages in the development of karate exracuriccular so that the student’s karate achievement in Tegal Regency is not maximum. First, there is no selection for athletes. Second, the programs for training have not been implemented well. Also the coaches do not have legal certificate. Third, the infrastructures for karate have not supported the athlete’s achievement yet. Fourth, the management of karate organization does not run well. The last, karate extraxurricular does not get enough funds to support their activities. Based on the data obtained from the research, it can be concluded that there are some constraints which hamper the efforts to get higher achievement in karate.

  15. Bilateral Brodie's abscess at the proximal tibia.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Buldu, Halil; Bilen, Fikri Erkal; Eralp, Levent; Kocaoglu, Mehmet

    2012-08-01

    Brodie's abscess is a form of subacute osteomyelitis, which typically involves the metaphyses of the long tubular bones, particularly in the tibia. The diagnosis is usually made incidentally, as there are no accompanying symptoms or laboratory studies. Bilateral involvement at the proximal tibia is unusual. However, orthopaedic surgeons should be aware of this entity, as it may present without symptoms. Checking the contralateral limb for concomitant Brodie's abscess is recommended.

  16. KARATE WITH CONSTRUCTIVE LEARNING

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    Srikrishna Karanam

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Any conventional learning process involves the traditional hierarchy of garnering of information and then recall gathered information. Constructive learning is an important research area having wide impact on teaching methods in education, learning theories, and plays a major role in many education reform movements. It is observed that constructive learning advocates the interconnection between emotions and learning. Human teachers identify the emotions of students with varying degrees of accuracy and can improve the learning rate of the students by motivating them. In learning with computers, computers also should be given the capability to recognize emotions so as to optimize the learning process. Image Processing is a very popular tool used in the process of establishing the theory of Constructive Learning. In this paper we use the Optical Flow computation in image sequences to analyze the accuracy of the moves of a karate player. We have used the Lucas-Kanade method for computing the optical flow in image sequences. A database consisting of optical flow images by a group of persons learning karate is formed and the learning rates are analyzed in order to main constructive learning. The contours of flow images are compared with the standard images and the error graphs are plotted. Analysis of the emotion of the amateur karate player is made by observing the error plots.

  17. Radiofrequency ablation of a misdiagnosed Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chan, Rs; Abdullah, Bjj; Aik, S; Tok, Ch

    2011-04-01

    Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) therapy is recognised as a safe and effective treatment option for osteoid osteoma. This case report describes a 27-year-old man who underwent computed tomography (CT)-guided percutaneous RFA for a femoral osteoid osteoma, which was diagnosed based on his clinical presentation and CT findings. The patient developed worsening symptoms complicated by osteomyelitis after the procedure. His clinical progression and subsequent MRI findings had led to a revised diagnosis of a Brodie's abscess, which was further supported by the eventual resolution of his symptoms following a combination of antibiotics treatment and surgical irrigations. This case report illustrates the unusual MRI features of osteomyelitis mimicking soft tissue tumours following RFA of a misdiagnosed Brodie's abscess and highlights the importance of a confirmatory histopathological diagnosis for an osteoid osteoma prior to treatment.

  18. Scintigraphic findings in a Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Silva, F; Laguna, R; Acevedo, M; Ruíz, C; Orduña, E

    1995-10-01

    A 9-year-old girl had a 6-month history of left hip pain. Radiographs of the left hip showed a metaphyseal osteolytic lesion with sclerotic borders in the femoral neck. Tc-99m MDP bone imaging and a Ga-67 scan showed focal areas of increased activity in the left femoral neck. These areas of increased uptake corresponded to a lytic area on x-rays, which was due to a Brodie's abscess. The combination of Tc-99m MDP bone and Ga-67 imaging has been widely used in the confirmation of bone infection, increasing the accuracy in the diagnosis of osteomyelitis. However, nuclear scintigraphy has not been previously reported in the confirmation of a Brodie's abscess.

  19. Brodie's abscess of the femoral neck simulating osteoid osteoma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gulati, Yash; Maheshwari, Aditya V

    2007-10-01

    Subacute osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) is essentially a problem of diagnosis, and there may be considerable difficulty in distinguishing it from other benign and malignant bone lesions. Though reported in the metaphyseal region of the femur, Brodie's abscess is rarer in the femoral neck. The authors present a case of Brodie's abscess in the femoral neck, which clinico-radiologically simulated an osteoid osteoma. Retrospectively, the presence of a cortical sinus tract should have aroused suspicion.

  20. Brodie's abscess--an uncommon cause of leg pain.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Amin, Muhammad Umar; Shafique, Mobeen; Jalil, Jawad; Nafees, Muhammad; Khan, Shamraiz

    2008-03-01

    A rare case of Brodie's abscess of distal left tibia is presented in a child which was initially missed on clinical grounds alone. Differentiation from different bone neoplasms was done on radiological grounds. The patient was managed surgically with high dose intravenous antibiotics. Brodie's abscess is very rarely encountered in our reporting of X-rays.

  1. PLYOMETRY TRAINING IN KARATE- SPECIFICS

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    Sandra Vujkov

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available Plyometric training is one of the most interesting innovations in the recent few decades in the process of sport training. The experience of coaches and athletes who have practised this kind of training proces brought them to higher performance in sports results. Plyometric exercise is developed and applied in conformity with certain sport requirements. Plyometry is a training method, which should be applied in combination with other methods for strenght development in overall programme of training, all in favour of improvement of the relationship between maximal strenght and explosive strenght, being very important for karate sport. This paper deals with a proposal of a few exercises that should have a positive transfer on improvement of the performance of karate tehnique.

  2. Brodie's abscess. A long-term review.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stephens, M M; MacAuley, P

    1988-09-01

    In 20 patients with 21 Brodie's abscesses, a long-term review revealed that 13 occurred in the second decade of life. All had local symptoms for six weeks or more. The tibia was involved in 11 cases and seven of these were in the proximal metaphysis. The erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR) was elevated in only six cases. When the ESR was more than 40 mm per hour, recurrence was more likely. Staphylococcus aureus was cultured from 11 abscesses. Curettage and antibiotics for six weeks were adequate for treatment in most cases. However, lesions larger than 3 cm in diameter should be grafted, and patients with an elevated ESR require more aggressive decompression and prolonged antibiotic therapy. Lesions within the neck of the femur pose particular anatomic problems and should not be approached laterally. All cases were followed to full bone maturity. No significant leg length inequality was clinically or roentgenologically apparent. If an abscess was juxtaphyseal, deformity of the epiphysis could develop.

  3. Brodie's abscess of the ulna caused by Salmonella typhi.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ip, K C; Lam, Y L; Chang, Robert Y P

    2008-04-01

    Osteomyelitis caused by Salmonella typhi is rare in patients with no haemoglobinopathies or other diseases causing immunosuppression. Brodie's abscess is a special variety of subacute or chronic osteomyelitis. An otherwise healthy woman who presented with forearm swelling for 6 months was diagnosed with a Brodie's abscess of the ulna caused by Salmonella typhi. Magnetic resonance imaging and a computed tomography-guided needle biopsy were performed. She was later found to be a Salmonella carrier. The Brodie's abscess was treated by surgical debridement and a course of antibiotics. The clinical, radiological, and management aspects of the disease are discussed.

  4. A Biomechanical Analysis of the Karate Chop.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Cavanagh, Peter R.; Landa, Jean

    Although the sport of karate has been somewhat neglected by scientists, the following two isolated biomechanical studies exist in literature: (1) tracings of a karate chop in two planes were presented, but no data was given concerning the rates of movement of the limb segments, and (2) pre- and postimpact phenomena of five subjects were studied,…

  5. Brodie's abscess of the cuboid bone: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagatur, A Erdem; Zorer, Gazi

    2003-03-01

    The case of a patient with Brodie's abscess of the cuboid bone and who presented with a painful and swollen right foot is described. The patient was treated successfully by surgical evacuation of the abscess and with antibiotics. To the authors' knowledge, Brodie's abscess of the cuboid bone has not been reported previously. The clinical presentation and diagnostic difficulties which may be encountered are discussed.

  6. Koreograaf Carolyn Carlson ujub vastu valitseva trendi voolu / Heili Einasto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Einasto, Heili

    2006-01-01

    28. apr. etenduvad KUMUs Carolyn Carlsoni nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge") ja tema õpilase, soome päritolu Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt". Tutvustatakse mõlema koreograafi loomingut ja esteetikat

  7. Koreograaf Carolyn Carlson ujub vastu valitseva trendi voolu / Heili Einasto

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Einasto, Heili

    2006-01-01

    28. apr. etenduvad KUMUs Carolyn Carlsoni nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge") ja tema õpilase, soome päritolu Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt". Tutvustatakse mõlema koreograafi loomingut ja esteetikat

  8. [Brodie abscess. Primarily misinterpreted as traumatic lesion].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nicolajsen, K; Jørgensen, P S; Tørholm, C

    1996-01-01

    Two case histories are presented. In the first, a 49 year-old man fell on his right hip. He was able to walk, but because of pain he came to our emergency room. Radiographics gave an impression of an undislocated intertrochanteric fracture, scintigraphy confirmed the suspicion. There were no signs of infection. On starting osteosynthesis with the drilling of a hole in the lateral cortex, discharge of pus was observed and curettage of the abscess cavity was performed. In the second, a 21 year-old man hit his right knee against a table. Because of pain he was admitted to hospital. Primary signs of a lesion of the lateral meniscus were found and arthroscopy was scheduled. When readmitted we found signs of an infection and X-ray revealed a Brodie's abscess in the proximal tibia. The abscess cavity was opened and curettage was performed. Radiographics, scintigraphics, blood parameters and pathological and microbiological investigations revealed primary chronic osteomyelitis in both patients. Antibiotic therapy was instituted and six weeks after primary operation bone transplantation was performed. The further course was uncomplicated.

  9. Brodie's abscess of the cuboid in a pediatric male.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Agarwal, Sharat; Akhtar, Mohammad Nasim; Bareh, Jerryson

    2012-01-01

    Brodie's abscess of the tarsal cuboid is a rare presentation of a common disease. In the present report, we describe the case of Brodie's abscess of the tarsal cuboid after a thorn prick in the foot of a 10-year-old boy. The patient was asymptomatic in the acute phase of the injury, and on presentation, no evidence was found of an open cutaneous wound. The foot radiographs showed a cavitary osteolytic lesion in the cuboid bone. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a classic penumbra sign and an abscess in the plantar intrinsic musculature. The patient was treated with curettage and debridement combined with broad-spectrum antibiotics, which resulted in complete resolution of the symptoms by 6 weeks postoperatively. Although microbiologic analysis of the surgical specimen failed to reveal a causative microorganism, histopathologic inspection showed chronic inflammation, consistent with Brodie's abscess.

  10. THE ASSERTIVENESS OF PEOPLE WHO PRACTICE KARATE

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    Szark-Eckardt Miroslawa

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Assertiveness is the ability to express your thoughts, beliefs and opinions without the feeling of internal tension, that is why it is a desired trait of character. One of the examples of sports disciplines in which assertiveness can play a desired role is karate. One of the aims of this paper was to answer the question, whether the act of doing karate influences the level of assertiveness among people who practice it and to compare the results with the level of assertiveness declared by people who do other sports. The method applied in this paper was the diagnostics survey, while the tool was the questionnaire form based on the Rathus Assertiveness Scale. 50 students who practice karate on regular basis and 50 students who do other sports participated in the research. It is undeniable that the level of assertiveness among people who practice karate is higher in comparison to people who do other sports. Karate doers, both men and women obtained better results compared to the second group of sportsmen/women. This regularity can be observed among men, but it is more perceptible among women. As the research presents, people who attend karate trainings at least three times a week are characterized by a higher level of assertiveness in comparison to those who attend the training once a week.

  11. Karate Kid: Games and Activities for Introducing Karate to Early Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aljadeff-Abergel, Elian

    2011-01-01

    Karate can contribute to learning in all three domains (psychomotor, cognitive, and affective), even in elementary-age children. Nevertheless, physical education teachers receive minimal or no training in teaching karate in school settings and are skeptical about doing so. The purpose of this article is to enable physical educators to teach…

  12. Karate Kid: Games and Activities for Introducing Karate to Early Elementary Students

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aljadeff-Abergel, Elian

    2011-01-01

    Karate can contribute to learning in all three domains (psychomotor, cognitive, and affective), even in elementary-age children. Nevertheless, physical education teachers receive minimal or no training in teaching karate in school settings and are skeptical about doing so. The purpose of this article is to enable physical educators to teach…

  13. Brodie's abscess in the first decade of life. Report of eleven cases.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, K

    1980-09-01

    Eleven cases of Brodie's abscess in the first decade of life are presented. Brodie's abscess in the first decade of life usually shows the "Variant type" of X-ray appearances. The X-ray diagnosis is easy if the clinical data is known to the radiologist. The preponderance of Brodie's abscesses in the lower extremities is probably due to trauma.

  14. Karate As A Self-Defense Art In Japan

    OpenAIRE

    Sitepu, Andreas Temanta

    2010-01-01

    Judul kertas karya ini adalah KARATE AS A SELF-DEFENSE ART IN JAPAN. Karate adalah sebuah seni bela diri yang berasal dari Negara Jepang yang sampai saat ini tetap dilestarikan. Asal kata karate tersebut yakni dibagi dalam dua kata yaitu kare artinya tangan te artinya kosong. Jadi dapat disimpulkan bahwa karate adalah suatu seni bela diri yang menggunakan tangan kosong artinya tidak menggunakan senjata. Kertas karya ini juga menjelaskan pengertian-pengertian, aliran-aliran yang terdapat di da...

  15. Individualization of technique preparation of skilled karate sportsmen.

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    Ashsanin V.S.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available In the article is considered individualization of sporting preparation in single combats. Materials of research of competition activity are presented in karate allowing to individualize technique preparation of skilled karate sportsmen to the effective actions in moments of the sharp intensifying of competition fight. The generic and individual models of shock technique of skilled karate sportsmen are worked out.

  16. MANAGERIAL FACTORS OF MOTIVATION IN KARATE SPORT

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    Milan Nešić

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available The matter of motivation represents a very complex psychological problem that must be reviewed while researching from very wide aspect of the value components that are dominant in the social environment. Karate as a sport is an integral part of the social system and follows all value criteria that currently exist. Results of research held on the survey method that conducted sample of 170 respondents including various manager positions among karate clubs in Vojvodina, are based on determined expression of their interconnections of motivational dispositions of particular mangers in karate sport. In other words the existence of certain indicated motivational dispositions is indicated and explained in the light of various important aspects of managerial positions that are significant element in this sport.

  17. Brodie's abscess in a tibia dating from the Neolithic period.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lagier, R; Baud, C A; Kramar, C

    1983-01-01

    Radiological and macroscopic characteristics typical of Brodie's abscess were observed in inferior metaphysis of a tibia estimated to be 5,000 years old. The use of rigorous anatomico-radiological criteria in studies of bone paleopathology can provide the doctor with accurate data regarding diseases of the past in bone specimens rarely at their disposal. This approach is also necessary to obtain valid data for paleontologists, prehistorians and archeologists.

  18. The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie--The Analysis to the Character of Sandy Stranger

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    葛萌

    2014-01-01

    Miss Brodie is not an ordinary woman. With her very famous word“I am in my prime”she becomes the most remarkable teacher in Marcia Blaine School. She creates a Brodie set made of her favourite girls. She promises to the girls “if only you small girls would listen to me, I would make of you the crème de crème.”Miss Brodie gives the girls a sense of group identity and thereby attempts to dominate the lives of her pupils. Major topics in this novel include control, betrayal and religion. The first topic is concentrated on Brodie's attempts to influence the girl's actions and beliefs. Miss Brodie's admiration for fascism reinforces the topic of control. Sandy, in her recollections of"the Brodie Set" and its emphasis on conformity, likens the girls to Mussolini's soldiers.

  19. Brodie's Abscess in a Patient Presenting with Sickle Cell Vasoocclusive Crisis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ogbonna, Onyekachi Henry; Paul, Yonette; Nabhani, Hasan; Medina, Adriana

    2015-01-01

    First described by Sir Nicholas Brodie in 1832, Brodie's abscess is a localized subacute or chronic infection of the bone, typically seen in the metaphases of long bones in children and adolescents. The diagnosis can prove to be enigmatic due to absence of clinical signs and symptoms of systemic disease. We report a very interesting case of Brodie's abscess masquerading as sickle cell vasoocclusive crisis in a 20-year-old female with sickle cell disease and review the literature.

  20. Karate moves recognition from skeletal motion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bianco, Simone; Tisato, Francesco

    2013-03-01

    This work aims at automatically recognizing sequences of complex karate movements and giving a measure of the quality of the movements performed. Since this is a problem which intrinsically needs a 3D model, in this work we propose a solution taking as input sequences of skeletal motions that can derive from both motion capture hardware or consumer-level, off the shelf, depth sensing systems. The proposed system is constituted by four different modules: skeleton representation, pose classification, temporal alignment, and scoring. The proposed system is tested on a set of different punch, kick and defense karate moves executed starting from the simplest case, i.e. fixed static stances (heiko dachi) up to sequences in which the starting stances is different from the ending one. The dataset has been recorded using a single Microsoft Kinect. The dataset includes the recordings of both male and female athletes with different skill levels, ranging from novices to masters.

  1. Carolyn Carlson, Atelier de Paris - harmooniad ja ebakõlad / Agni Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Agni

    2006-01-01

    28. apr. KUMU auditooriumis etendunud Carolyn Carlsoni nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge") ja Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus tantsulavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt")

  2. Carolyn Carlson, Atelier de Paris - harmooniad ja ebakõlad / Agni Lass

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lass, Agni

    2006-01-01

    28. apr. KUMU auditooriumis etendunud Carolyn Carlsoni nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge") ja Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus tantsulavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt")

  3. The "Penumbra Sign" on Magnetic Resonance Images of Brodie's Abscess: A Case Report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Afshar, Ahmadreza; Mohammadi, Afshin

    2011-12-01

    This report presents the "penumbra sign" of a Brodie's abscess in a 69-year-old male patient. The lesion was located in the proximal metaphysis of the left tibia. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of subacute osteomyelitis. The penumbra sign on magnetic resonance (MR) images is a helpful sign for the diagnosis of Brodie's abscess.

  4. Brodie's abscess. A study of 181 cases, with special reference to radiographic diagnostic criteria.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Boriani, S

    1980-12-01

    A study of 181 cases of Brodie's abscess, in which the diagnosis was histologically confirmed, was made in order to demonstrate radiographic factors common to other conditions, and therefore likely to pose questions of differential diagnosis. Some of the pathological characteristics of Brodie's abscess are described and correlated with the differing radiographic appearances of this inflammatory bone lesion.

  5. Brodie's abscess following percutaneous fixation of distal radius fracture in a child.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rajakulendran, Karthig; Picardo, Natasha E; El-Daly, Ibraheim; Hussein, Rami

    2016-04-01

    We report the case of a Brodie's abscess presenting five and a half years following closed reduction and percutaneous pinning of a distal radius fracture. The index surgery was complicated by a pin site infection that was treated successfully with antibiotics. The patient represented with forearm pain years later, and radiological investigations revealed a Brodie's abscess in the distal radius at the site of the previous Kirschner wires. The Brodie's abscess was managed through surgical curettage and antibiotics. Staphylococcus aureus and diphtheroid organisms were cultured from the intraoperative specimens. A Brodie's abscess is a form of localised subacute osteomyelitis, which usually occurs in the metaphysis of long bones and can mimic malignancy. Previous trauma or surgery has been implicated as predisposing factors. We have only identified one previously reported case of Brodie's abscess following percutaneous pinning. Ours is the first reported case in an adolescent. The aim of this paper is to raise awareness of this rare complication and review the current literature.

  6. KARATE - a code for VVER-440 core calculation

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Gado, J.; Hegedus, Cs.J.; Hegyi, Gy.; Kereszturi, A.; Makai, M.; Maraczi, Cs.; Telbisz, M.

    1994-12-31

    A modular calculation system has been elaborated at the KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute for VVER-440 cores. The purpose of KARATE is the calculation of neutron physical and thermal-hydraulic processes in the core at normal, startup, and slow transient conditions. KARATE is under validation and verification (V&V) against mathematical, experimental, and operational data.

  7. Karate Kumite: How to Optimize Performance - Book analysis

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tomás Herrera-Valenzuela

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available This work reviews the book entitled Karate Kumite: How to Optimize Performance, edited in English by Helmi Chaabane, PhD., in 2015. The book is composed of five chapters and a total of seven authors participate in it. The first chapter, “Performance Analysis in Karate”, analyzes the temporal structure of combat. The second chapter, “Physiological Characteristics of Karate Athletes and Karate-Specific Tasks” describes the cost and contribution of energy systems, cardiovascular response, blood lactate and hormonal response to combat. The third chapter, “Physical Determinants of Karate Kumite”, analyzes the muscular power, maximum strength, acceleration, speed, reaction time and flexibility of karate. The fourth chapter, “Training Load Monitoring”, describes different methods for monitoring the internal load. Finally the last chapter, “Physical and Physiological Assessment”, presents general and specific tests used in karate. The sound research background of the authors, as well as the extensive use of up to date literature, results in a book of high scientific value. In addition, this is a digital, open-access book that can be accessed without restriction. In conclusion, this is a highly recommended book for coaches, practitioners and professionals related to karate.

  8. Primary bone lymphoma of the distal tibia mimicking brodie's abscess

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Park, Jina; Lee, Seung Hun; Joo, Kyung Bin; Park, Chan Kum [Hanyang University Seoul Hospital, Seoul (Korea, Republic of)

    2014-01-15

    The 'penumbra sign' on an unenhanced T1-weighted image is a well-known characteristic of Brodie's abscess, and this sign is extremely helpful for discriminating subacute osteomyelitis from other bone lesions. We present a case of primary bone lymphoma of the distal tibia mimicking subacute osteomyelitis with Brodie's abscess in a 50-year-old woman. Initial radiographs and MRI showed a lesion in the distal tibia consistent with Brodie's abscess with the penumbra sign. Histopathological examination of the surgical biopsy specimen confirmed the presence of a diffuse large B-cell lymphoma involving the bone.

  9. Brodie's abscess of the distal radius: an unusual complication after percutaneous pinning.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Johnson, Jeff W; Bindra, Randip R

    2008-12-01

    We report a case of Brodie's abscess of the distal radius that presented 4 years after closed reduction and percutaneous pinning for a closed distal radius fracture. This condition has not been previously reported in the adult distal radius and we detail the clinical features and imaging findings. We also present a new way of management of Brodie's abscess using injectable bone substitute along with adjunctive parenteral antibiotic therapy.

  10. Haemophilus influenzae as a cause of Brodie's abscess in an infant.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kurlandsky, L E; Quinn, P H; Sills, E M

    1979-01-01

    Brodie's abscess is a form of subacute osteomyelitis which is defined by a particular constellation of clinical, radiological and pathological features. Its occurrence in infants is extremely rare. This case documents just such an occurrence. To our knowledge, the pathogen Haemophilus influenzae has not been previously recognized as a cause of Brodie's abscess in particular or subacute osteomyelitis in general. The clinical presentation and diagnostic pitfalls which may be encountered in this age group are discussed.

  11. Masaru Shintani: The Making of a Modern Canadian Karate Master

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Robert Toth

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available This article looks at the life of Japanese/Canadian karate pioneer, Masaru Shintani, from his birth in Vancouver, British Columbia, until his death in Kapuskasing, Ontario. After more than thirty years of teaching, Shintani created one of the largest karate organizations in North America with over 27,000 members. Shintani also invented Shindo, a martial art facilitating the use of an ancient weapon, the short stick, with modern techniques. For this article, many of Shintani’s senior students helped to reconstruct his life and explain his complex personality with recollections of their teacher. From the beginning of his karate training in an internment camp, to the eventual achievement of 9th-degree black belt, Masaru Shintani epitomized the modern karate master.

  12. Physical and physiological profile of elite karate athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaabène, Helmi; Hachana, Younés; Franchini, Emerson; Mkaouer, Bessem; Chamari, Karim

    2012-10-01

    This review focuses on the most important physical and physiological characteristics of karate athletes from the available scientific research. It has been established that karate's top-level performers require a high fitness level. Top-level male karate athletes are typified by low body fat and mesomorphic-ectomorphic somatotype characteristics. Studies dealing with body composition and somatotype of females are scarce. Aerobic capacity has been reported to play a major role in karate performance. It prevents fatigue during training and ensures the recovery processes during rest periods between two subsequent bouts of fighting activity within a fight and between two consecutive matches. It has been established that there is no significant difference between male and female kata (forms) and kumite (sparring/combat) athletes with regard to aerobic performance. Nevertheless, further studies are needed to support these findings. Concerning anaerobic performance, there is a difference in maximal power explored by the force-velocity test between national and international level karatekas (karate practitioners) but, for the maximum accumulated oxygen deficit test there is no difference between them. Muscle explosive power plays a vital role in a karateka's capacity for high-level performance. However, it has been revealed that vertical jump performance, maximal power and maximal velocity differed between national- and international-level karatekas. Moreover, it has been reported that karate performance relies more on muscle power at lower loads rather than higher ones. Thus, karate's decisive actions are essentially dependent on muscle explosive power in both the upper and lower limbs. With regard to dynamic strength, limited research has been conducted. The maximal absolute bench press, half-squat one-repetition maximum and performance of isokinetic tasks differed significantly between highly competitive and novice male karatekas. Studies on female karate athletes do

  13. Imaging Diagnosis and Differential Diagnosis of Brodie's Abscess%Brodie's骨脓肿的影像诊断与鉴别诊断

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程瑞新; 詹松华; 陈瑶; 唐敖荣

    2009-01-01

    目的 研究Brodie's骨脓肿的影像学表现特征.方法 分析17例经手术病理证实的Brodie's骨脓肿的X线、CT和MRI影像学表现.结果 17例中单发15例,多发2例.本组12例表现典型的Brodie's骨脓肿为干骺端小圆形或椭圆形骨破坏区,周边见致密硬化环,无骨膜反应.5例表现不典型,病灶可见硬化环不连续,骨破坏区密度混杂,骨膜反应及软组织肿胀.本组5例表现不典型病例误漏诊.结论 Brodie's骨脓肿少见,影像学表现多样,表现不典型的骨脓肿容易误诊.

  14. Physiological stress and performance analysis to karate combat.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaabene, Helmi; Hellara, Ilhem; Ghali, Faten B; Franchini, Emerson; Neffati, Fedoua; Tabben, Montassar; Najjar, Mohamed F; Hachana, Younés

    2016-10-01

    This study aimed to evaluate the relationship between physiological, and parameters of performance analysis during karate contest. Nine elite-level karate athletes participated in this study. Saliva sample was collected pre- and post-karate combat. Salivary cortisol (sC) post-combat 2 raised significantly compared to that recorded at pre-combat 1 (Δ%=105.3%; P=0.04; dz=0.78). The largest decrease of the salivary T/C ratio (sR) compared to pre-combat 1 was recorded post-combat 2 (Δ%=-43.5%; P=0.03). Moreover, blood lactate concentration post-combat 1 correlated positively to sCpost-combat 1 (r=0.66; P=0.05) and negatively to both salivary testosterone (sT) (r=-0.76; P=0.01) and sRpost-combat 1 (r=-0.76; P=0.01). There was no significant relationship between hormonal measures and parameters of match analysis. Although under simulated condition, karate combat poses large physiological stress to the karateka. Additionally, physiological strain to karate combat led to a catabolic hormonal response.

  15. Facial and Dental Injuries Facial and Dental Injuries in Karate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidovic-Stesevic, Vesna; Verna, Carlalberta; Krastl, Gabriel; Kuhl, Sebastian; Filippi, Andreas

    2015-01-01

    Karate is a martial art that carries a high trauma risk. Trauma-related Swiss and European karate data are currently unavailable. This survey seeks to increase knowledge of the incidence of traumatic facial and dental injuries, their emergency management, awareness of tooth rescue boxes, the use of mouthguards and their modifications. Interviews were conducted with 420 karate fighters from 43 European countries using a standardized questionnaire. All the participants were semi-professionals. The data were evaluated with respect to gender, kumite level (where a karate practitioner trains against an adversary), and country. Of the 420 fighters interviewed, 213 had experienced facial trauma and 44 had already had dental trauma. A total of 192 athletes had hurt their opponent by inflicting a facial or dental injury, and 290 knew about the possibility of tooth replantation following an avulsion. Only 50 interviewees knew about tooth rescue boxes. Nearly all the individuals interviewed wore a mouthguard (n = 412), and 178 of them had made their own modifications to the guard. The results of the present survey suggest that more information and education in wearing protective gear are required to reduce the incidence of dental injuries in karate.

  16. Osteoid osteoma mimicking Brodie's abscess in a 13-year-old girl.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schlur, Charles; Bachy, Manon; Wajfisz, Anthony; Ducou le Pointe, Hubert; Josset, Patrice; Vialle, Raphaël

    2013-04-01

    Osteoid osteoma is a solitary, benign lesion of bone causing significant nocturnal pain. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computed tomography (CT), and bone scan are commonly used in this diagnosis. A case of osteoid osteoma of the distal femur mimicking chronic osteomyelitis with Brodie's abscess is reported and discussed. Initial radiographs and MRI showed a lesion of the distal femur consistent with subacute osteomyelitis with a Brodie's abscess. Because primary malignant tumor could not be eliminated, surgical biopsy was carried out. Histological examination showed a typical nidus consistent with the diagnosis of osteoid osteoma. Subacute osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) may be difficult to distinguish from other malignant or benign bone lesions as osteoid osteoma. CT usually is recommended as the best imaging procedure to identify the nidus and confirm the diagnosis. MRI also can be used for this purpose. Surgical biopsy remains mandatory for unclear lesions before deciding on appropriate treatment.

  17. Karate como prática pedagógica

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Flávio Penteado de Souza

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Este artigo abordou a prática pedagógica do karate dentro do ambiente escolar, ressaltando diversos aspectos positivos em crianças e adolescentes. Os sujeitos envolvidos foram alunos do 1º ao 8º ano do Programa Mais Educação da Escola Jardim Paraíso, tanto da área rural quanto da urbana. A metodologia de pesquisa foi a observação participante. Os principais autores que embasaram a pesquisa foram Vinicio Antony e Funakoshi Gichin. Conclui-se que o karate pode ser incorporado à prática docente no âmbito escolar, trazendo bons resultados quanto ao comportamento, à atenção, à concentração e àrelação social entre os alunos. Palavras-chave: Programa Mais Educação; prática pedagógica; Karate.

  18. Analisis Pemikiran Zen Dalam Seni Beladiri Karate Aliran Shotokan Shotokan No Karate No Goshinjutsu Ni Okiru Zen No Kangaekata No Bunseki

    OpenAIRE

    Sitepu, Mariana Febrina

    2010-01-01

    Kebudayaan adalah segala hasil cipta karya manusia yang dimiliki oleh setiapmasyarakat. Begitu juga dengan masyarakat yang memiliki berbagai macam kebudayaan yang sampai saat ini masih terus dilestarikan dan dikembangkan. Diantaranya adalah seni, khususnya seni beladiri yaitu karate. Karate adalah seni beladiri yang sangat berkembang saat ini karena banyak diinati oleh masyarakat. Karate juga memiliki beberapa aliran salah satunya shtokan, sebagai aliran yang terbesar didunia. Shotokan ada...

  19. COACHES’ WORK EXPERIENCE AS AN INDICATOR OF MANAGEMENT ATTITUDES IN KARATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Milan Nešić

    2008-08-01

    Full Text Available Sports in general, which, self-understandably, implies karate as well, be longs to that aspect of social improvement which focuses on satisfying individual and group needs, but those of a country too. Karate does not yield any material value, but it creates certain values important for the whole society which can be materialsed by other processes. Just like any other field of work, recruiting particular management personnel in karate is significant for indicating and positioning those needs that compel them to work in this very field. Therefore, one is certain: among the most significant factors that provoke activity are motives and attitudes. In today’s karate in Vojvodina particular managerial roles have not been well defined yet. The concept and strategy of a karate club as a basic organisational unit in sport is primarily based on knowledge, interests and motivation of a karate coach. Hence, there is a different motivational structure among those who are in karate.

  20. Brodie's abscess of the posterior ilium: a rare cause for low back pain in children.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Balaji, Gopisankar; Thimmaiah, Sreenivas; Menon, Jagdish

    2014-05-09

    Brodie's abscess of the pelvis is very rare in healthy children. It can be missed because of its varied presentation. We present an 11-year-old boy who presented with low back pain. Investigations revealed a well-defined lesion in the posterior ilium. He underwent open biopsy and debridement. At the end of the final follow-up, he was asymptomatic and there was no recurrence. We present this case for the rare site of Brodie's abscess and for its unusual presentation as low back pain.

  1. Brodie's abscess of the proximal femoral epiphysis in an adult woman with systemic lupus erythematosus.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Miyanishi, Keita; Yamamoto, Takuaki; Irisa, Takahiko; Jingushi, Seiya; Noguchi, Yasuo; Iwamoto, Yukihide

    2002-06-01

    We report an unusual case of pathologically proved femoral head Brodie's abscess mimicking avascular necrosis of bone in a 51-year-old woman with a 2-year history of corticosteroid treatment for systemic lupus erythematosus. On plain radiographs, a rounded lucency and thin sclerotic margins together with subchondral collapse and a lytic region were observed in the femoral head. The histopathologic examination revealed a central abscess formation surrounded by fibrous tissue with the aggregation of neutrophils and plasma cells. To our knowledge, this is the first case report describing a Brodie's abscess which had developed within the proximal femoral epiphysis in an adult.

  2. Repensando a história do karate contada no Brasil Rethinking the karate history spread in Brazil

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Tiago Oviedo Frosi

    2011-06-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo aborda diversos aspectos presentes na literatura e que moldam o pensamento presente no imaginário dos brasileiros sobre a identidade, história e filosofia do Karate-Dō¹. O objetivo deste estudo é produzir uma meta análise da literatura circulante sobre a inserção e o desenvolvimento do Karate no Brasil, abordando seus diferentes estilos. Justifica-se este estudo pelo fato de considerarmos que foi difundida no Brasil uma versão distorcida sobre a história do Karate por meio da mídia, pela tradição oral e pelo preconceito entre os praticantes de diferentes estilos. As reflexões aqui apresentadas buscam contribuir com informações para a construção de outra versão sobre esta prática em nosso país.This study approaches several aspects of literature that shape the present thinking in the Brazilians imaginaries about the Karate-Dō identity, history and philosophy. The objective of this research is to produce a meta-analysis of the spread literature approaching is different styles. This study is justified by the fact of we consider that a distortion of Karate-Dō history was diffused in Brazil, by the media, oral tradition and preconception between some Karate-Dō styles practitioners. The reflections presented here seek contribute with information for another version's construction about this practice in Brazil.

  3. The Role of Trustworthiness in Teaching: An Examination of "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katz, Michael S.

    2014-01-01

    The purpose of this paper is to examine the role that trustworthiness plays in the ability of teachers to function as moral role models. Through exploration of Muriel Spark's novel, "The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie," I explain some of the central features of trustworthiness as a moral virtue and suggest how these features are critical…

  4. Yoshukai Karate: Curriculum Innovation for At-Risk Youths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Judith L.

    The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the behavioral effects of Yoshukai karate on four dependent variables: (1) student behavior as related to classroom discipline; (2) teacher attitudes toward at-risk students; (3) students' self-concepts; and (4) academic achievement as determined by scores on a standardized diagnostic test.…

  5. Teaching with the Beginner's Mind: Notes from My Karate Journal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Sheryl I.

    2002-01-01

    Reflects on what the author has learned about university teaching from her experience being a novice student of karate. Asserts the value for even seasoned teachers to maintain a beginner's mind that is "free of the habits of the expert, ready to accept, to doubt, and to open to all the possibilities." Concludes that from this new position, her…

  6. A simbologia presente nos estilos de Karate-Dō

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Brandel José Pacheco LOPES FILHO

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available ResumoO objetivo deste estudo é interpretar os diferentes significados existentes nos emblemas/símbolos de estilos e escolas de Karate-Dō, analisando seus elementos internos e sua importância dentro dessa prática. Para sua realização, foram realizadas três etapas distintas: 1 catalogação e investigação dos estilos e escolas de Karate-Dō com maior representatividade histórica, cultural e política; 2 identificação dos símbolos utilizados por cada um desses estilos e escolas; e 3 análise de cada um desses símbolos. Essa análise torna-se importante para uma compreensão mais profunda dos diferentes significados envolvidos na prática do Karate-Dō, pois, apesar de seguirem um conjunto de valores comum a todos os Budō, as escolas possuem sua própria visão de mundo, utilizando seus símbolos para reforçar ou externar tais conceitos. A maior parte dos símbolos analisados demonstra um aprofundamento cultural em seus grafismos, sendo reconhecidos alguns elementos até de aspecto espiritual ou religioso. Esse simbolismo, em si, mostra um aspecto relevante para a compreensão do próprio fenômeno multicultural nomeado Karate-Dō.

  7. Teaching with the Beginner's Mind: Notes from My Karate Journal.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fontaine, Sheryl I.

    2002-01-01

    Reflects on what the author has learned about university teaching from her experience being a novice student of karate. Asserts the value for even seasoned teachers to maintain a beginner's mind that is "free of the habits of the expert, ready to accept, to doubt, and to open to all the possibilities." Concludes that from this new…

  8. Yoshukai Karate: Curriculum Innovation for At-Risk Youths.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Berry, Judith L.

    The purpose of this experimental study was to determine the behavioral effects of Yoshukai karate on four dependent variables: (1) student behavior as related to classroom discipline; (2) teacher attitudes toward at-risk students; (3) students' self-concepts; and (4) academic achievement as determined by scores on a standardized diagnostic test.…

  9. The effects of one-week training camp on motor skills in Karate kids.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padulo, J; Chamari, K; Chaabène, H; Ruscello, B; Maurino, L; Sylos Labini, P; Migliaccio, G M

    2014-12-01

    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effects of short-term increased hours of specific high-intensity karate training on motor skills in young karate athletes aged between 8 and 12 years. Seventy-three children, who regularly trained three karate sessions per-week were divided in two groups: high-intensity karate group (HG=53) and low-intensity karate group (LG=20). HG trained for 7 days: with two sessions per-day (one hour per-session) including specific karate techniques as well as coordination, balance, and flexibility exercises. LG, however, followed the same number of karate training sessions as before the beginning of the study (i.e., three sessions per-week with one hour per-session). Participants performed a battery of tests, 24 hours pre- and one week post-training: a medicine ball throw (MBT), standing long jump (SLJ), active joint flexibility (JM) and lateral/frontal jumps (JLT). Significant differences between results of pre and post karate training (ANOVA with repeated measures) included: MBT (Pkarate fitness component. In this regard, short term high-intensity karate training represents an effective method for enhancing muscular power and range of motion (i.e. flexibility) in young karate athletes aged between 8 and 12 years. Further studies are needed to support these findings with deeper data.

  10. Low risk of concussions in top-level karate competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriaza, Rafael; Cierna, Dusana; Regueiro, Patricia; Inman, David; Roman, Franco; Abarca, Benjamin; Barrientos, Mercé; Saavedra, Miguel A

    2017-02-01

    Although it is well known that injuries occur in combat sports, the true incidence of concussions is not clearly defined in the literature for karate competition. To determine the incidence of concussions in top-level (World Karate Federation World Championships) karate competition. Injuries that took place in 4 consecutive World Karate Championships (from 2008 to 2014) were prospectively registered. A total of 4625 fights (2916 in the male category and 1709 in the female category) were scrutinised, and concussions were identified and analysed separately for frequency (rate per fight) and injury risk. A total of 4 concussions were diagnosed by the attending physicians after carrying out athlete examinations. Globally, there was 1 concussion in every 1156 fights, or 0.43/1000 athlete-exposures (AE). In male athletes, the rate of concussion was 1/5832 min of fighting, and in female athletes, it was 1/6836 min. OR for concussion in women is 0.57 (95% CI 0.06 to 5.47; z=0.489; p=0.6249) and risk ratio for concussions in men is RR 1.478 (95% CI 0.271 to 8.072), p=0.528, representing a higher risk of definite concussions in men than in women, but not statistically significant. There is not a significantly higher risk of concussions in team competition (no weight limit) when compared with individual competition (held with strict weight limits for each category). The risk of concussions in top-level karate competition is low, with a tendency for an increased risk for men and for competition without weight limits, but not statistically significant with respect to women or individual competition. Published by the BMJ Publishing Group Limited. For permission to use (where not already granted under a licence) please go to http://www.bmj.com/company/products-services/rights-and-licensing/.

  11. Biomechanical study of full-contact karate contrasted with boxing.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schwartz, M L; Hudson, A R; Fernie, G R; Hayashi, K; Coleclough, A A

    1986-02-01

    It is known that boxers suffer a characteristic cumulative brain injury from repeated blows to the head that correlates well with the number of bouts fought. Much less is known about full-contact karate (kickboxing), which is relatively new. In full-contact karate, punches and kicks are actually landed, rather than being focused to culminate just short of an opponent, as practiced in traditional karate. Although a combatant can win on points, the surest means of victory is a knockout. Consequently, fighters strive to land blows to the head. To investigate the relative force of kicks and punches, a dummy head was mounted 175 cm above the floor (to simulate a 50th-percentile man standing erect) and 125 cm above the floor (to simulate the man in a crouched position) on a universal joint permitting motion about three axes. The mechanism was contrived to provide constant rotational stiffness, and springs provided constant restorative moments about the three axes. The texture of soft tissue was simulated by a mask of visco-elastic foamed materials. Fourteen karate experts punched and kicked the dummy. Accelerometer measurements in the 90- to 120-G range indicated that safety-chops (hand protectors) and safety-kicks (foot padding) did not reduce acceleration of the dummy. Ten-ounce boxing gloves mitigated peak acceleration to some extent. Kicks and punches produced accelerations in the same range. Violent acceleration of the head by any means produces injury. The authors conclude that, if full-contact karate is widely practiced, cases of kickboxer's encephalopathy will soon be reported.

  12. Indicators technology competitive activities of varying skill karate style «kyokushin»

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    Natalya Boychenko

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to identify the main indicators of the art of competitive activity karate different qualifications style «kyokushin» and identify their differences. Material and Methods: analysis of video recordings of highly competitive activity karate; teacher observations; methods of mathematical statistics. Results: based on the analysis of video recordings of competitive activity created a model of technical preparedness karate qualifications. The differences in the technique of competitive activity karate different qualifications. Conclusions: it was found a series of karate techniques with different skills, their frequency of use and effectiveness. Confirmed that in the competitive fight karate qualifications dominated series techniques. It is found that the technique of competitive activity highly skilled athletes is very varied combinations strikes in series of two or three strikes and more.

  13. DEVELOPMENT OF A SPORTS SPECIFIC AEROBIC CAPACITY TEST FOR KARATE - A PILOT STUDY

    OpenAIRE

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to develop an aerobic fitness assessment test for competitive Karate practitioners and describe the preliminary findings. Five well-trained, competitive Karate practitioners participated in this study. A protocol simulating common attack strikes used in competition Karate sparring was developed from video analysis. In addition, pilot testing established a specific sequence of strikes and timings to be used in the test. The time to perform the strike sequence remai...

  14. Citizen Science: Sally Shuttleworth and her Team Interviewed by Carolyn Burdett

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Geoffrey Belknap

    2015-12-01

    Full Text Available In this podcast interview Carolyn Burdett joins Sally Shuttleworth, Gowan Dawson, Geoffrey Belknap, and Alison Moulds to discuss their project ‘Constructing Scientific Communities: Citizen Science in the 19th and 21st Centuries’. From Charles Darwin, nineteenth-century scientific periodicals, scientific communities, and amateur scientists to their twenty-first century virtual counterparts in digital platforms such as Zooniverse, the project illuminates the inclusive nature of science in action, and the strategies of public engagement to respond to the challenge of big data through intergenerational crowdsourcing projects extending from postgraduate research to child scientists.

  15. An 18-month Follow-up of Anger in Female Karate Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Vahid Ziaee; Sara Lotfian; Amir Hossein Memari

    2013-01-01

    Objective The aim of this study was to evaluate changes of anger scores in female karate athletes during 18 months, and to compare anger scores in adolescents who continue or stop training karate. Method The sample consisted of 18 female elite karate athletes, practicing modern style of karate. To measure anger and its subscales, participants were asked to complete “Adolescent Anger Rating Scale” (AARS) questionnaire in both stages of the study. Athletes were divided in to two groups of “stay...

  16. CONNECTION OF EXPLOSIVE POWER WITH TOP-CLASS RESULTS IN KARATE

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    Dragan Dode

    2007-05-01

    Full Text Available On the basis of obtained results, we could assume that the level of explosive leg power infl uences on achieving top-class results in karate. A champion model (Stojadinov: shows that karate demands higher values of maximum jump, optimal energetic consumption and output, while it is achieved a maximum use of high values. It could be concluded that explosive leg power infl uences signifi cantly on achieving top-class sports results and it could infl uence notably on motion and technique choice which a competitor uses most frequently. It is obvious that without high level of explosive leg power there are no top-class results in karate, what indicates some former researches in karate. On the basis of former researches (Zulic 1987, 1989, Doder and collaborators 1998, 2000, 2001, 2003, 2005 top-class karate players (seniors and pioneers with higher explosive leg power showed better results in accomplishing of karate technique. That means that harmonic power canon of a mentioned sample of our best karate players in struggles as well as a model of our best karate players on European and World Championships could be considered as a universal model of a relation between dynamometric power of some muscular groups, which by suitable assumptions and other factors from an equation of a success specifi cation in this sport, provides the best condition for achieving maximum values in karate battles.

  17. Management implementation of the Czech Karate Federation JKA

    OpenAIRE

    Válková, Zuzana

    2012-01-01

    Title: Management Implementation of the Czech Karate Federation JKA Goals: The general aim is to give suggestions for management improvement of sports non-profit organization. The suggestions will be based on an analysis of sequential managerial functions - planning, organizing, selecting and deploying staff, leadership and control and some continuous functions. Methods: Descriptive analysis, Unstructured interview, SWOT analysis Results: The results of the bachelor thesis are proposed change...

  18. Criterion Related Validity of Karate Specific Aerobic Test (KSAT)

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaabene, Helmi; Hachana, Younes; Franchini, Emerson; Tabben, Montassar; Mkaouer, Bessem; Negra, Yassine; Hammami, Mehrez; Chamari, Karim

    2015-01-01

    Background: Karate is one the most popular combat sports in the world. Physical fitness assessment on a regular manner is important for monitoring the effectiveness of the training program and the readiness of karatekas to compete. Objectives: The aim of this research was to examine the criterion related to validity of the karate specific aerobic test (KSAT) as an indicator of aerobic level of karate practitioners. Patients and Methods: Cardiorespiratory responses, aerobic performance level through both treadmill laboratory test and YoYo intermittent recovery test level 1 (YoYoIRTL1) as well as time to exhaustion in the KSAT test (TE’KSAT) were determined in a total of fifteen healthy international karatekas (i.e. karate practitioners) (means ± SD: age: 22.2 ± 4.3 years; height: 176.4 ± 7.5 cm; body mass: 70.3 ± 9.7 kg and body fat: 13.2 ± 6%). Results: Peak heart rate obtained from KSAT represented ~99% of maximal heart rate registered during the treadmill test showing that KSAT imposes high physiological demands. There was no significant correlation between KSAT’s TE and relative (mL/min kg) treadmill maximal oxygen uptake (r = 0.14; P = 0.69; [small]). On the other hand, there was a significant relationship between KSAT’s TE and the velocity associated with VO2max (vVO2max) (r = 0.67; P = 0.03; [large]) as well as the velocity at VO2 corresponding to the second ventilatory threshold (vVO2 VAT) (r = 0.64; P = 0.04; [large]). Moreover, significant relationship was found between TE’s KSAT and both the total distance covered and parameters of intermittent endurance measured through YoYoIRTL1. Conclusions: The KSAT has not proved to have indirect criterion related validity as no significant correlations have been found between TE’s KSAT and treadmill VO2max. Nevertheless, as correlated to other aerobic fitness variables, KSAT can be considered as an indicator of karate specific endurance. The establishment of the criterion related validity of the KSAT

  19. Criterion Related Validity of Karate Specific Aerobic Test (KSAT

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Chaabene

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available Background Karate is one the most popular combat sports in the world. Physical fitness assessment on a regular manner is important for monitoring the effectiveness of the training program and the readiness of karatekas to compete. Objectives The aim of this research was to examine the criterion related to validity of the karate specific aerobic test (KSAT as an indicator of aerobic level of karate practitioners. Patients and Methods Cardiorespiratory responses, aerobic performance level through both treadmill laboratory test and YoYo intermittent recovery test level 1 (YoYoIRTL1 as well as time to exhaustion in the KSAT test (TE’KSAT were determined in a total of fifteen healthy international karatekas (i.e. karate practitioners (means ± SD: age: 22.2 ± 4.3 years; height: 176.4 ± 7.5 cm; body mass: 70.3 ± 9.7 kg and body fat: 13.2 ± 6%. Results Peak heart rate obtained from KSAT represented ~99% of maximal heart rate registered during the treadmill test showing that KSAT imposes high physiological demands. There was no significant correlation between KSAT’s TE and relative (mL/min kg treadmill maximal oxygen uptake (r = 0.14; P = 0.69; [small]. On the other hand, there was a significant relationship between KSAT’s TE and the velocity associated with VO2max (vVO2max (r = 0.67; P = 0.03; [large] as well as the velocity at VO2 corresponding to the second ventilatory threshold (vVO2 VAT (r = 0.64; P = 0.04; [large]. Moreover, significant relationship was found between TE’s KSAT and both the total distance covered and parameters of intermittent endurance measured through YoYoIRTL1. Conclusions The KSAT has not proved to have indirect criterion related validity as no significant correlations have been found between TE’s KSAT and treadmill VO2max. Nevertheless, as correlated to other aerobic fitness variables, KSAT can be considered as an indicator of karate specific endurance. The establishment of the criterion related validity of the

  20. THE INFLUENCE OF KARATE PRACTICE LEVEL AND SEX ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PERCEPTUAL RESPONSES IN THREE MODERN KARATE TRAINING MODALITIES

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaabène, H.; Franchini, E.; Tourny, C.; Chamari, K.; Coquart, J.

    2014-01-01

    Objective The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of karate practice level (national vs international level) and sex (women vs men) on physiological and perceptual responses in three modern karate training modalities (tactical-technical (TT), technical-development (TD), and randori). Method The study included 18 karatekas participating in an eight-session training camp of four TT, two TD, and two randori. During each session, the percentage of maximal heart rate (HR), blood lactate concentration [La-], and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) were assessed. Results The main results showed that the percentage of maximal HR was significantly higher in women than in men regardless of practice level or training modality (70.3 ± 4.1 vs 66.2 ± 6.3, respectively). Moreover, [La-] and RPE were significantly lower in international-level karatekas compared with their national-level counterparts whatever the sex or training modality ([La-] = 11.4 ± 2.6 vs 8.3 ± 2.4 mmol · L-1 and RPE = 3.6 ± 1.2 vs 4.3 ± 1.5, respectively). Last, physiological and perceptual responses were significantly higher during randori in comparison with TT and TD for both sexes. Conclusion The combination of [La-] and RPE thus seems to be a good indicator for discriminating between national- and international-level karatekas, and randori seems to be an effective means to reproduce official karate sparring. PMID:25177098

  1. THE INFLUENCE OF KARATE PRACTICE LEVEL AND SEX ON PHYSIOLOGICAL AND PERCEPTUAL RESPONSES IN THREE MODERN KARATE TRAINING MODALITIES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Tabben

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Objective: The aim of the present study was to examine the influence of karate practice level (national vs international level and sex (women vs men on physiological and perceptual responses in three modern karate training modalities (tactical-technical (TT, technical-development (TD, and randori. Method: The study included 18 karatekas participating in an eight-session training camp of four TT, two TD, and two randori. During each session, the percentage of maximal heart rate (HR, blood lactate concentration [La-], and rating of perceived exertion (RPE were assessed. Results: The main results showed that the percentage of maximal HR was significantly higher in women than in men regardless of practice level or training modality (70.3 ± 4.1 vs 66.2 ± 6.3, respectively. Moreover, [La-] and RPE were significantly lower in international-level karatekas compared with their national-level counterparts whatever the sex or training modality ([La-] = 11.4 ± 2.6 vs 8.3 ± 2.4 mmol · L-1 and RPE = 3.6 ± 1.2 vs 4.3 ± 1.5, respectively. Last, physiological and perceptual responses were significantly higher during randori in comparison with TT and TD for both sexes. Conclusion: The combination of [La-] and RPE thus seems to be a good indicator for discriminating between national- and international-level karatekas, and randori seems to be an effective means to reproduce official karate sparring.

  2. Evaluation of selected postural parameters in children who practice kyokushin karate

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    Drzał-Grabiec Justyna

    2014-10-01

    Full Text Available Study aim: martial arts can be traced back thousands of years. Karate is one of the most common martial arts, and both children and adults practice it. The aim of the study was to evaluate selected body posture parameters in children aged 7–10 years who regularly practice karate.

  3. The impact of specific motoricity on karate performance in young karateka.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Katić, Ratko; Jukić, Jozefina; Glavan, Ivan; Ivanisević, Snjezana; Gudelj, Ines

    2009-03-01

    The aim of the study was to assess interdependence of specific motor abilities (situation karate tests) and motor skills (karate techniques), and karate performance (fighting efficiency) in under-sixteen male karateka aged 11-12 and 13-14 years. A battery of 5 situation motor tests were applied and 6 basic elements of karate technique evaluated in a sample of 20 male karateka aged 11-12 and 20 male karateka aged 13-14 years. Three criterion variables were formed: 1) one factor as a factor of general technical efficiency in karate was isolated by factor analysis of 6 karate techniques; 2) cumulative evaluation of 2 kate as kate performance; and 3) total score assessment based on success achieved at national karate championships as contest efficiency (fighting efficiency). Regression analysis revealed the frequency of gedan barai blockade performance to be the superior predictor of technical efficiency, kate performance and contest success in karateka aged 11-12, whereas the speed of the gedan barai-jaku zuki (block-kick) combination performance and specific agility (sidewise mobility) were superior predictors of performance in karateka aged 13-14. Of the karate techniques (kicks) used, the quality of jaku zuki kick performance was the superior predictor of contest efficiency in karateka aged 11-12, and the quality of the jaku zuki-mawashi geri and kizame zuki-jaku zuki combination performance in karateka aged 13-14.

  4. Morphological, motor and technical determinants of fighting efficiency of Croatian female cadet age karate athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jukić, Josefina; Katić, Ratko; Bala, Gustav

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this research was to determine the significance of morphological factors, factors of basic motor and specific motor abilities, and the factors of technical efficiency, on the karate fight success in Croatian female cadet karate athletes. With this purpose, the group of 18 anthropometric measures, 10 basic motor tests, 5 situational karate motor tests, the group of 8 evaluations of 6 basic karate techniques, and 2 karate kata performances was applied on the sample of 101 Croatian karateka aged 14 to 16. Inside the morphological area, the factor analysis isolated: Body mass and volume factor, Subcutaneous fat tissue factor, Longitudinal skeleton dimensionality factor, and Transversal fist dimensionality factor; in the basic motor area: General motor efficiency factor; in the situational motor area: General specific motor efficiency factor; in the area of karate technique performance evaluation: General technical efficiency factor. After that, the application of canonical discriminative analysis determined the differences between high and lower quality karate athletes in the overall area of the isolated factors. The discriminative function showed that high quality female karate athletes compared to those of lower quality differ the most in higher technical efficiency, higher basic and specific motor efficiency, while having somewhat less fat tissue and somewhat wider wrist and fist diameter.

  5. The Effect of Karate Techniques Training on Communication Deficit of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrami, Fatimah; Movahedi, Ahmadreza; Marandi, Sayed Mohammad; Sorensen, Carl

    2016-01-01

    This investigation examined the long term effect of Karate techniques training on communication of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Thirty school aged children with ASD were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). Participants in the exercise group were engaged in 14 weeks of Karate techniques training.…

  6. Suur ego raskendab karateässal Marko Luhamaal pere loomist / Andres Kalvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Vt. Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. mai, lk. 13. Eesti parim karateka Luhamaa teinuks oma sõnul vaid raha lugedes tippspordiga ammu lõpparve. Karate maailmameister on tippu rühkinud tasapisi ja üksinda. Kommenteerib Eesti Karate Föderatsiooni peasekretär Jüri Põld

  7. The Effect of Karate Techniques Training on Communication Deficit of Children with Autism Spectrum Disorders

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bahrami, Fatimah; Movahedi, Ahmadreza; Marandi, Sayed Mohammad; Sorensen, Carl

    2016-01-01

    This investigation examined the long term effect of Karate techniques training on communication of children with autism spectrum disorders (ASD). Thirty school aged children with ASD were randomly assigned to an exercise (n = 15) or a control group (n = 15). Participants in the exercise group were engaged in 14 weeks of Karate techniques training.…

  8. Suur ego raskendab karateässal Marko Luhamaal pere loomist / Andres Kalvik

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Kalvik, Andres, 1982-

    2007-01-01

    Vt. Postimees : na russkom jazõke 9. mai, lk. 13. Eesti parim karateka Luhamaa teinuks oma sõnul vaid raha lugedes tippspordiga ammu lõpparve. Karate maailmameister on tippu rühkinud tasapisi ja üksinda. Kommenteerib Eesti Karate Föderatsiooni peasekretär Jüri Põld

  9. Model technical and tactical training karate «game» manner of conducting a duel

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Natalya Boychenko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: optimization of technical and tactical training karate «gaming» the manner of conducting a duel. Material and Methods: analysis and compilation of scientific and methodological literature, interviews with coaches for shock combat sports, video analysis techniques, teacher observations. Results: the model of technical and tactical training karate «game» manner of conducting a duel. Selection was done complexes jobs matching techniques to improve athletes 'game' in the manner of conducting a duel «Kyokushin» karate. Conclusion: the model of technical and tactical training fighters "game" manner of conducting a duel, which reveals the particular combination technique karate style «Kyokushin». Selection was done complexes jobs matching techniques to improve athletes 'game' in the manner of conducting a duel «Kyokushin» karate, aimed at improving the combinations with the action on the response of the enemy.

  10. Paving the Way for Differentiated Instruction in Rural Classrooms under Common Core State Standards: An Interview with Carolyn Callahan

    Science.gov (United States)

    Wu, Echo H.

    2017-01-01

    The author interviewed Dr. Carolyn Callahan, an eminent scholar in gifted education. The interview focused on Dr. Callahan's work on implementing gifted program in rural areas, and illustrated her suggestions for teachers, researchers, and parents on how to advocate for gifted students.

  11. Physiological and Perceived Exertion Responses during International Karate Kumite Competition

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tabben, Montassar; Sioud, Rim; Haddad, Monoem; Franchini, Emerson; Chaouachi, Anis; Coquart, Jeremy; Chaabane, Helmi; Chamari, Karim; Tourny-Chollet, Claire

    2013-01-01

    Purpose Investigate the physiological responses and rating of perceived exertion (RPE) in elite karate athletes and examine the relationship between a subjective method (Session-RPE) and two objective heart-rate (HR)-based methods to quantify training-load (TL) during international karate competition. Methods Eleven karatekas took part in this study, but only data from seven athletes who completed three matches in an international tournament were used (four men and three women). The duration of combat was 3 min for men and 2 min for women, with 33.6±7.6 min for the first interval period (match 1–2) and 14.5±3.1 min for the second interval period (match 2–3). HR was continuously recorded during each combat. Blood lactate [La-] and (RPE) were measured just before the first match and immediately after each match. Results Means total fights time, HR, %HRmax, [La-], and session-RPE were 4.7±1.6 min, 182±9 bpm, 91±3%, 9.02±2.12 mmol.L-1 and 4.2±1.2, respectively. No significant differences in %HRmax, [La-], and RPE were noticed across combats. Significant correlations were observed between RPE and both resting HR (r=0.60; P=0.004) and mean HR (r=0.64; P=0.02), session-RPE and Banister training-impulse (TRIMP) (r=0.84; Pkarate competition elicited near-maximal cardiovascular responses and high [La-]. Training should therefore include exercise bouts that sufficiently stimulate the zone between 90 and 100% HRmax. Karate coaches could use the RPE-method to follow competitor's competition loads and consider it in their technical and tactical training. PMID:24800001

  12. Functional Assessment of Corticospinal System Excitability in Karate Athletes.

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    Fiorenzo Moscatelli

    Full Text Available To investigate the involvement of the primary motor cortex (M1 in the coordination performance of karate athletes through transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS.Thirteen right-handed male karate athletes (25.0±5.0 years and 13 matched non-athlete controls (26.7±6.2 years were enrolled. A single-pulse TMS was applied using a figure-eight coil stimulator. Resting motor threshold (rMT was determined. Surface electromyography was recorded from the first dorsal interosseous muscle. Motor evoked potential (MEP latencies and amplitudes at rMT, 110%, and 120% of rMT were considered. Functional assessment of the coordination performance was assessed by in-phase (IP and anti-phase (AP homolateral hand and foot coordination tasks performed at 80, 120, and 180 bpm.Compared to controls, athletes showed lower rMT (p<0.01, shorter MEP latency (p<0.01 and higher MEP amplitude (p<0.01, with a significant correlation (r = 0.50, p<0.01 between rMT and MEP latency. Coordination decreased with increasing velocity, and better IP performances emerged compared to AP ones (p<0.001. In general, a high correlation between rMT and coordination tasks was found for both IP and AP conditions.With respect to controls, karate athletes present a higher corticospinal excitability indicating the presence of an activity-dependent alteration in the balance and interactions between inhibitory and facilitatory circuits determining the final output from the M1. Furthermore, the high correlation between corticospinal excitability and coordination performance could support sport-specific neurophysiological arrangements.

  13. [Orthodontic correction of a Brodie syndrome case related to oral habits].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Oualalou, Y; Benyahia, H; Zaoui, F

    2015-09-01

    Unilateral Brodie bite, called also Scissor bite, is a form of transversal malocclusion that often leads to minor facial asymmetry. The prevalence of this form of malocclusion is rare, especially met in mixed denture. We report a case of 11-year-old girl who presents unilateral scissor bite related to oral habits, with a skeletal class II. Modified activation by contraction of a bi-helix appliance was used to treat the unilateral scissor bite occlusion, before approaching the correction of the sagittal relationship.

  14. Brodie's abscess of medial distal femoral condyle after a thorn prick: rare clinical presentation.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nag, Hira-L; Kancherla, Ramprasad; Malpura, Aftab

    2012-01-01

    Thorn prick injuries are generally conceded frivolous and rarely demand medical attention. Howbeit deep seated injuries are well described in the literature. We presented a case of thorn prick injury to the knee that manifested as Brodie's abscess of the medial distal femoral condyle and synovitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and ultrasonography could only construe the affliction but not spot the thorn. Arthrotomy was undertaken for exploration and debridement. Empirical therapy with initial systemic Cefotaxime and subsequent Ofloxacin worked well after the surgery. Deep seated injuries by a thorn prick may take a protracted and torpid course. Thorough curettage of the bony lesion and debridement are vital for proper manage- ment.

  15. An 18-month Follow-up of Anger in Female Karate Athletes

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    Vahid Ziaee

    2013-06-01

    Full Text Available Objective:The aim of this study was to evaluate changes of anger scores in female karate athletes during 18 months, and to compare anger scores in adolescents who continue or stop training karate.Method:The sample consisted of 18 female elite karate athletes, practicing modern style of karate. To measure anger and its subscales, participants were asked to complete “Adolescent Anger Rating Scale” (AARS questionnaire in both stages of the study. Athletes were divided in to two groups of “stayer” (n=12 and “quitter” (n=6 if they continued practicing karate or stopped it, respectively. In order to study the changes of anger score with time, paired T test was used.Results:In analysis of changes in anger scores with time, there was a statistically significant increase in instrumental anger (p=0.001 and non-significant increase in other anger scores among 14-year-old girls who continued practicing karate.Conclusion :Increased instrumental anger in female karate athletes could be due to the impact of participation in a combative sport. However, the results should be interpreted cautiously due to limitations of the study.

  16. An 18-month Follow-up of Anger in Female Karate Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziaee, Vahid; Lotfian, Sara; Memari, Amir Hossein

    2013-06-01

    The aim of this study was to evaluate changes of anger scores in female karate athletes during 18 months, and to compare anger scores in adolescents who continue or stop training karate. The sample consisted of 18 female elite karate athletes, practicing modern style of karate. To measure anger and its subscales, participants were asked to complete "Adolescent Anger Rating Scale" (AARS) questionnaire in both stages of the study. Athletes were divided in to two groups of "stayer" (n=12) and "quitter" (n=6) if they continued practicing karate or stopped it, respectively. In order to study the changes of anger score with time, paired T test was used. In analysis of changes in anger scores with time, there was a statistically significant increase in instrumental anger (p=0.001) and non-significant increase in other anger scores among 14-year-old girls who continued practicing karate. Increased instrumental anger in female karate athletes could be due to the impact of participation in a combative sport. However, the results should be interpreted cautiously due to limitations of the study.

  17. Kashima RAy-Tracing Service (KARATS) for high accurate GNSS positioning

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ichikawa, R.; Hobiger, T.; Hasegawa, S.; Tsutsumi, M.; Koyama, Y.; Kondo, T.

    2010-12-01

    Radio signal delays associated with the neutral atmosphere are one of the major error sources of space geodesy such as GPS, GLONASS, GALILEO, VLBI, In-SAR measurements. We have developed a state-of-art tool to estimate the atmospheric path delays by ray-tracing through JMA meso-scale analysis (MANAL data) data. The tools, which we have named 'KAshima RAytracing Tools (KARAT)', are capable of calculating total slant delays and ray-bending angles considering real atmospheric phenomena. Numerical weather models such as MANAL data have undergone a significant improvement of accuracy and spatial resolution, which makes it feasible to utilize them for the correction of atmosphere excess path delays. In the previous studies for evaluating KARAT performance, the KARAT solutions are slightly better than the solutions using VMF1 and GMF with linear gradient model for horizontal and height positions. Based on these results we have started the web-based online service, 'KAshima RAytracing Service (KARATS)' for providing the atmospheric delay correction of RINEX files on Jan 27th, 2010. The KARATS receives user's RINEX data via a proper web site (http://vps.nict.go.jp/karats/index.html) and processes user's data files using KARAT for reducing atmospheric slant delays. The reduced RINEX files are archived in the specific directory for each user on the KARATS server. Once the processing is finished the information of data archive is sent privately via email to each user. If user want to process a large amount of data files, user can prepare own server which archives them. The KARATS can get these files from the user's server using GNU ¥emph{wget} and performs ray-traced corrections. We will present a brief status of the KARATS and summarize first experiences gained after this service went operational in December 2009. In addition, we will also demonstrate the newest KARAT performance based on the 5km MANAL data which has been operational from April 7th, 2009 and an outlook on

  18. Analisi biomeccanica del MAWASHI GERI JODAN in cinture nere di Karate: modelli tecnici a confronto

    OpenAIRE

    Pecoraioli, Fabrizio

    2009-01-01

    In martial arts there are several ways to perform the turning kick . Following the martial arts or different learning models many types of kicks take shape. Mawashi geri is the karate turning kick. At the moment there are two models of mawashi geri, one comes from the traditional karate (OLD), and the other newer (NEW), who agrees to the change of the rules of W.K.F. (World Karate Federation) happened in 2000 (Macan J. et all 2006) . In this study we are focus on the differences about two mod...

  19. Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alesi, Marianha; Bianco, Antonino; Padulo, Johnny; Vella, Francesco Paolo; Petrucci, Marco; Paoli, Antonio; Palma, Antonio; Pepi, Annamaria

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background: regular physical activity has an effect on biological responses in both muscles and organs that, in turn, alter the structure and functions of the brain. Therefore, this study aims at comparing motor (sprint, coordination ability and explosive legs strength skills) and cognitive abilities (working memory, attention, executive functioning) in children. Methods: 39 children with average chronological age of 9 years were divided in: Karatekas (n=19) and Sedentary (n=20) groups. Their abilities were measured by motor and cognitive tests. Motor skills were assessed through a battery composed by the 20 mt Sprint test, the Agility test and the Standing board jump Test. Cognitive profile was assessed by a battery of tests derived from BVN 5–11, “Batteria di Valutazione Neuropsicologica per l’Et à Evolutiva”: Visual discrimination test, Reaction time test, Forwards and Backwards Digit Span Tests, Corsi Block-Tapping test and Tower of London. Results: our results reveal significant differences between two groups (p < 0.05). Karate children show better speed times, explosive legs strength and coordination skills. They scored better on working memory, visual selective attention and executive functions. Conclusion: karate exercise training shows global benefits resulting in physiological and psychological gains in children. PMID:25332920

  20. Motor and cognitive development: the role of karate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Alesi, Marianha; Bianco, Antonino; Padulo, Johnny; Vella, Francesco Paolo; Petrucci, Marco; Paoli, Antonio; Palma, Antonio; Pepi, Annamaria

    2014-04-01

    regular physical activity has an effect on biological responses in both muscles and organs that, in turn, alter the structure and functions of the brain. Therefore, this study aims at comparing motor (sprint, coordination ability and explosive legs strength skills) and cognitive abilities (working memory, attention, executive functioning) in children. 39 children with average chronological age of 9 years were divided in: Karatekas (n=19) and Sedentary (n=20) groups. Their abilities were measured by motor and cognitive tests. Motor skills were assessed through a battery composed by the 20 mt Sprint test, the Agility test and the Standing board jump Test. Cognitive profile was assessed by a battery of tests derived from BVN 5-11, "Batteria di Valutazione Neuropsicologica per l'Et à Evolutiva": Visual discrimination test, Reaction time test, Forwards and Backwards Digit Span Tests, Corsi Block-Tapping test and Tower of London. our results reveal significant differences between two groups (p < 0.05). Karate children show better speed times, explosive legs strength and coordination skills. They scored better on working memory, visual selective attention and executive functions. karate exercise training shows global benefits resulting in physiological and psychological gains in children.

  1. Perspectives and understandings of Portuguese karate practitioners on the concept of Budo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vitor Alberto Rosa

    2016-01-01

    Full Text Available This article, which falls within the scope of the sociology of sport, aims to study the perspective and understanding of martial and combat sports practitioners, especially of karate, in Portugal, on the concept of “Budo”. For this study, we used an extensive methodology and applied various techniques of social research (semi-directive interview, questionnaire survey. The sample was composed of 244 advanced karateka (brown and black belt at the national level. The results showed that karate practitioners conceive their practice as an expression of Budo, reproduced in a dominant way by teaching staff (trainers, through images, symbols and values. Karatekas gave special importance to the codes and standards of conduct associated with the ethical principles of Budô and the maintenance of the rites and symbols from the country of the Rising Sun. Karatekas who most valued Budo practiced the same karate style, therefore, the study may not be generalized to all practitioners of karate.

  2. UTICAJ ODREÐENIH BAZIČNO MOTORICKIH SPOSOBNOSTI ZA OCENU SPECIFIČNE KARATE KOORDINACIJE

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    Žarko Kostovski

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available On a sample of 100 participants high karate athletes from R. Macedonia at the age of 18-27 +/- 6 months, were applied 13 motoric variables from which, 3 variables are for evaluating the rhythmic structure of the karate athletes, 6 variables are evaluating the frequency of movement and 3 variables are for evaluating the explosive strength of the lower extremities’, like a predictive system of variables, and one variable for evaluating specific karate coordination like a criteria variable. The relations between the variables in some of the motoric latitudes and the criteria variable have been established with estimating a correlation matrix and regressive analyze. The results from the regressive analyze have shown that the predictive system of variables have a statistic significance affect on the criteria variable of the specific karate coordination on a degree of .00 (p=.00.

  3. Politics and Karate: Historical Influences on the Practice of Goju-ryu

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    Giles Hopkins

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The 1936 “masters meeting” sponsored by the Ryukyu Newspaper Company—a gathering of karate masters, journalists, and government leaders—gives us some indication of the political realities at play in Japan in the early decades of the 20th century and how they may have affected Okinawan karate. Tradition often seems as though it is a safeguard against change. However, the reality is that a resurgence of nationalism fed an anti-Chinese bias and an effort to assimilate Okinawan culture; both affected karate. With economic hardships in Okinawa and a desire to popularize karate, traditions did change. Some teachers sought ways to preserve traditional Okinawan martial arts within this changing political landscape. But at what cost?

  4. F-FDG PET/CT as a potential valuable adjunct to MRI in characterising the Brodie's abscess.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fathinul, F; Nordin, Aj

    2010-01-01

    Chronic osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) is essentially a problem of diagnosis, and there may be considerable difficulty in distinguishing it from other benign and malignant bone lesions. Early diagnosis of Brodie's abscess is deemed important as the disease has a good curative potential following an appropriate antibiotic treatment. Of late, PET/CT using (18)F-FDG is taking a centre stage in the imaging of bone infection though documentation on its role in characterising the feature of Brodie's abscess is exceedingly scarce. On the other hand, it is well known that MRI imaging plays a very important role in distinguishing abscess loculation from malignancy. The authors present the case of a 13-year-old boy with pain in the right heel for few months. Radiograph of the right foot revealed a lucent focus with sclerotic margin in the right calcaneum. MRI T1-weighted images were inconclusive of penumbra sign to characterise abscess cavity due to the small volume lesion. Whole-body (18)F-FDG PET/CT scan showed multiple small avid lesions at the margin of the sclerotic rim in the right calcaneum. Final diagnosis of Brodie's abscess with Klebsiella culture was confirmed via bone debridement.

  5. CAUSES OF PROPENSITY FOR ELITE ATHLETES IN UNIVERSITIES TO TAKE UP KARATE AND THEIR EXPECTATIONS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Oğuz ÖZBEK

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to find out the causes of propensity for elite athletes in universities in Turkey to take up karate branch, their expectations and reasons of involvement. A survey method was used in the study. The population for the study was made of elite students in universities engaged in karate. The measurement instrument was administered to 97 students. Data obtained from the survey was tested by Mann-Whitney U test and Kruskall-Wallis test. Elite athletes in karate branch in universities indicated that their families had more influence on their decision to take up this branch. Elite athletes in universities indicated that teachers of physical education and the press media have had almost no influence on their decision. Athletes considered the enjoyment of success as an important reason for engaging in karate, while joining a group of friends easily was considered unimportant. It was found that athletes in the national karate team had higher expectation than those not in the national team for enjoyment of success, obtaining material gains and being famed nationwide. It was further found out that as the length of time of involvement in karate increased, the desire increased for obtaining material gains, becoming famed, becoming a trainer, a referee, being famed nationwide, enjoying success and getting in the national team.

  6. DISCRIMINATIVE ANALYSIS OF MORPHOLOGIC AND MOTORIC PARAMETER TO JUDO AND KARATE SPORTIEST BOYS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lulzim Ibri

    2013-07-01

    Full Text Available In sample from 160 boys from secondary schools of Prizren 16-17 age, separated in two groups were implicated 18 tests, from them 10 test for valuation morphologic characteristic and 8 test, for valuation motoric abilities. Group (A is component from 80 judo athletes’ boys and group (B from 80 karate athletes’ boys. Purpose of this investigation is to verify changes between judo and karate athletes’ boys in morphologic characteristic and motoric abilities. The problem of investigation was to investigate if there are changes between judo and karate athletes’ boys in morphologic characteristic that represent longitudinal dimensionality, body measure and adipose tissue, and in motoric abilities (used is eurofit battery tests. For global analysis of dimension to some changes and variable system (which contribute in changes between judo and karate athletes’ boys were implicated t-test for small independent sample and, canonic discriminative analysis. The results of this study show that judo and karate athletes significantly differ among themselves in motoric abilities, judo athletes are better in the tests: long jump from place (LOJU, squeeze palm (SQPA and support the knuckle (SUKN, while the karate athletes are better in the tests: taping for hands (TAHE, reach sitting down position (RSDP and run there-hire 10x5 meters (R10x5M, but these changes were not noticed and morphological variables.

  7. A case report of bilateral Brodie bite in early mixed dentition using bonded constriction quad-helix appliance.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nojima, Kunihiko; Takaku, Sakiko; Murase, Chiaki; Nishii, Yasushi; Sueishi, Kenji

    2011-01-01

    Brodie bite is a comparatively rare type of malocclusion found in primary and mixed dentition. It not only adversely affects chewing and muscle functions, but also impairs normal growth and development of the mandible. This report describes the therapeutic results of a patient with bilateral Brodie bite in early mixed dentition after using a bonded constriction quad-helix appliance. The patient, a boy aged 9 years and 2 months, first visited our hospital after occlusal abnormality in the molar region was detected at a local dental clinic. Case analysis resulted in a diagnosis of bilateral Brodie bite with slight mandibular retrognathism. Treatment objectives were to reduce the arch width of the maxillary dentition and expand the mandibular arch in order to establish and stabilize molar occlusion and to achieve a Class I molar relation and appropriate overbite and overjet. Treatment comprised covering the occlusal surface of the maxillary molars with resin and attaching a bonded constriction quad-helix appliance joined with a 0.040-inch quad-helix wire. A bi-helix appliance was also fixed to the mandibular dentition. Brodie bite visibly improved after 5 months. Cervical headgear was then fitted and the patient observed until eruption of the permanent dentition was complete. Class I molar relation was achieved after 2 years and 6 months, although spacing remained in the maxillary and mandibular dentitions. Treatment of bilateral Brodie bite in mixed dentition by means of a bonded constriction quad-helix appliance attached to the maxillary dentition enabled effective bite opening and reduction in the width of maxillary arch independent of the patient's cooperation, providing good therapeutic outcome in a short time period.

  8. Brodie's abscess of medial distal femoral condyle after a thorn prick: rare clinical presentation

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Hira L Nag; Ramprasad Kancherla; Aftab Malpura

    2012-01-01

    Thorn prick injuries are generally conceded frivolous and rarely demand medical attention.Howbeit deep seated injuries are well described in the literature.We presented a case of thorn prick injury to the knee that manifested as Brodie's abscess of the medial distal femoral condyle and synovitis.Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)and ultrasonography could only construe the affliction but not spot the thorn.Arthrotomy was undertaken for exploration and debridement.Empirical therapy with initial systemic Cefotaxime and subsequent Ofloxacin worked well after the surgery.Deep seated injuries by a thorn prick may take a protracted and torpid course.Thorough curettage of the bony lesion and debridement are vital for proper management.

  9. Brodie's abscess of medial distal femoral condyle after a thorn prick: rare clinical presentation

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hira L Nag

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available 【Abstract】Thorn prick injuries are generally con-ceded frivolous and rarely demand medical attention. How-beit deep seated injuries are well described in the literature. We presented a case of thorn prick injury to the knee that manifested as Brodie's abscess of the medial distal femoral condyle and synovitis. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI and ultrasonography could only construe the affliction but not spot the thorn. Arthrotomy was undertaken for explora-tion and debridement. Empirical therapy with initial systemic Cefotaxime and subsequent Ofloxacin worked well after the surgery. Deep seated injuries by a thorn prick may take a protracted and torpid course. Thorough curettage of the bony lesion and debridement are vital for proper manage-ment. Key words: Thorn; Wounds and injuries; Knee; Osteomyelitis; Synovitis

  10. Characterization of kinesiological patterns of the frontal kick, mae-geri, in karate experts and non-karate practitioners

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António M. VencesBrito

    2014-02-01

    Full Text Available Presently, coaches and researchers need to have a better comprehension of the kinesiological parameters that should be an important tool to support teaching methodologies and to improve skills performance in sports. The aim of this study was to (i identify the kinematic and neuromuscular control patterns of the front kick (mae-geri to a fixed target performed by 14 experienced karate practitioners, and (ii compare it with the execution of 16 participants without any karate experience, allowing the use of those references in the analysis of the training and learning process. Results showed that the kinematic and neuromuscular activity during the kick performance occurs within 600 ms. Muscle activity and kinematic analysis demonstrated a sequence of activation bracing a proximal-to-distal direction, with the muscles presenting two distinct periods of activity (1, 2, where the karateka group has a greater intensity of activation – root mean square (RMS and electromyography (EMG peak – in the first period on Rectus Femoris (RF1 and  Vastus Lateralis (VL1 and a lower duration of co-contraction in both periods on Rectus Femoris-Biceps Femoris and Vastus Lateralis-Biceps Femoris (RF-BF; VL-BF. In the skill performance, the hip flexion, the knee extension and the ankle plantar flexion movements were executed with smaller difference in the range of action (ROA in the karateka group, reflecting different positions of the segments. In conclusion, it was observed a general kinesiological pattern, which was similar in karateka and non-karateka practitioners. However, in the karateka group, the training induces a specialization in the muscle activity reflected in EMG and kinematic data, which leads to a better ballistic performance in the execution of the mae-geri kick, associated with a maximum speed of the distal segments, reached closer to the impact moment, possibly representing more power in the contact.

  11. The subtractive fight: the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of the body philosophy in Karate-Do / O combate subtrativo: a espiritualidade do esvaziamento como norte da filosofia corporal no Karate-Do

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Roque Antunes Barreira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available Karate is a fight practice that does not make use of weapons. It is based on old traditions and its main aim is to develop a sense of personality in the practitioner. Karate originated from unique spiritual and psychological dynamics, which are of utmost importance for the full understanding of this practice. The objective of this research is to analyze karate-do by means of its spirituality. This is because, together with the fundamental texts about the recent tradition of this fight, spirituality is considered to be the essence present in all dimensions of the artistic expression of karate. To this end, the historiographical methodology of phenomenological perspective was employed in this study. Karate-do has the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of its body philosophy. Themes with blurred borders are analyzed from this spiritual point of view herein. This dynamics includes the subtractive fight, aiming at the fluid and intuitive understanding of reality.

  12. Application of Assistive Computer Vision Methods to Oyama Karate Techniques Recognition

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    Tomasz Hachaj

    2015-09-01

    Full Text Available In this paper we propose a novel algorithm that enables online actions segmentation and classification. The algorithm enables segmentation from an incoming motion capture (MoCap data stream, sport (or karate movement sequences that are later processed by classification algorithm. The segmentation is based on Gesture Description Language classifier that is trained with an unsupervised learning algorithm. The classification is performed by continuous density forward-only hidden Markov models (HMM classifier. Our methodology was evaluated on a unique dataset consisting of MoCap recordings of six Oyama karate martial artists including multiple champion of Kumite Knockdown Oyama karate. The dataset consists of 10 classes of actions and included dynamic actions of stands, kicks and blocking techniques. Total number of samples was 1236. We have examined several HMM classifiers with various number of hidden states and also Gaussian mixture model (GMM classifier to empirically find the best setup of the proposed method in our dataset. We have used leave-one-out cross validation. The recognition rate of our methodology differs between karate techniques and is in the range of 81% ± 15% even to 100%. Our method is not limited for this class of actions but can be easily adapted to any other MoCap-based actions. The description of our approach and its evaluation are the main contributions of this paper. The results presented in this paper are effects of pioneering research on online karate action classification.

  13. Technical and Tactical Aspects that Differentiate Winning and Losing Performances in Elite Male Karate Fighters.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vidranski, Tihomir; Sertić, Hrvoje; Jukić, Josefina

    2015-07-01

    The purpose of this research was to identify the fighters' technical and tactical activity indicators in order to determine indicator significance regarding situational efficiency and designation between winning and losing performances in a karate match. We scientifically observed a sample of 274 male contesters of 137 karate matches during the 2008 World Karate Championship in Tokyo. Each individual competitor was observed in maximum of three matches. The matches were recorded using a DVD camera in order to collect data for further analysis, and the sample was further described using 48 technical and tactical indicators of situational efficiency and match outcome variables. The obtained results indicate that a karate match is composed of 91% of non-scoring techniques and 9% of scoring techniques in the total technique frequency. On this basis a significant difference in the situational efficiency between the match winners and the losing contesters has been discovered. Those two groups of fighters exhibit a statistically significant difference (pkarate match are in the largest extent defined by non-scoring techniques. Therefore, it would be a grave mistake to disregard non-scoring karate techniques in any future situational efficiency studies. It has been discovered that the winners differ from the defeated contesters by a higher level of situational efficiency in their executed techniques, which incorporate versatility, biomechanical and structural complexity, topological diversity and a specific tactical concept of technique use in the attack phase.

  14. Two cases of pediatric bone disease (eosinophilic granuloma and Brodie's abscess) showing similar scintigraphic and radiographic findings.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yoshikawa, M; Sugawara, Y; Kikuchi, T; Nakata, S; Mochizuki, T; Ikezoe, J; Sakayama, K

    2000-12-01

    Two 9-year-old patients with femoral bone lesions were referred to the authors' institution within a few days of each other. Both showed similar radiographic, magnetic resonance imaging, and scintigraphic findings. The radiographs showed osteolytic lesions in the right femoral diaphyses, and gadolinium-DTPA-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging revealed inhomogeneous enhancement. Tc-99m HMDP showed marked linear accumulation with relatively low central uptake in the right femoral shafts, and TI-201 scintigraphy showed considerable uptake corresponding to the area seen with Tc-99m HMDP. Histologic analysis confirmed eosinophilic granuloma in the first patient and Brodie's abscess in the second. The radiographic and scintigraphic findings in Brodie's abscess may be similar to those in eosinophilic granuloma.

  15. Localized Langerhans cell histiocytosis masquerading as Brodie's abscess in a 2-year-old child: a case report

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wei-Fang; Hsu, Yi-Chih; Wu, Yi-Der; Kuo, Chun-Lang; Huang, Guo-Shu

    2016-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), formerly known as histiocytosis X, refers to a spectrum of diseases characterized by idiopathic proliferation of histiocytes that produce either focal (localized LCH) or systemic manifestations (Hand-Schüller-Christian disease and Letterer-Siwe disease). Localized LCH accounts for approximately 60-70 % of all LCH cases. Osseous involvement is the most common manifestation and typically involves the flat bones, along with lesions of the skull, pelvis, and ribs. Localized LCH in bone shows a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and radiologic features that may mimic those of infections as well as benign and malignant tumors. The diagnostic imaging findings of localized LCH are also diverse and challenging. The penumbra sign is a common and characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of Brodie's abscess, but is rarely seen in localized LCH. In this report, we describe a case of localized LCH misdiagnosed as Brodie's abscess in a 2-year-old child based on clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, and pre-diagnostic MRI findings (penumbra sign). Therefore, the penumbra sign is not sufficient to clearly establish the diagnosis of Brodie's abscess, and the differential diagnosis of localized LCH should be considered when a child with an osteolytic lesion presents with a penumbra sign. PMID:27065773

  16. [Evaluation of the instrumental activities of daily living following a stroke by means of the Lawton and Brody scale].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jiménez-Caballero, Pedro Enrique; López-Espuela, Fidel; Portilla-Cuenca, Juan Carlos; Pedrera-Zamorano, Juan Diego; Jiménez-Gracia, M Antonia; Lavado-García, Jesús M; Casado-Naranjo, Ignacio

    2012-09-16

    The instrumental activities of daily living are activities that are somewhat more complex than basic activities of daily living, and being able to perform them allows a person to be independent within a community. They include housework, tasks involving mobility, managing the home and property; catching the bus; cooking meals and going shopping, among other things. To evaluate these activities using the Lawton and Brody scale following an ischaemic stroke or intraparenchymatous haemorrhage and to analyse the factors that have an influence on the functional status at six months. We conducted a prospective study of patients admitted to the stroke unit between September 2010 and June 2011 diagnosed with ischaemic strokes and spontaneous intraparenchymatous haemorrhages. A series of clinical and demographic variables were collected. In the follow-up visit at six months, the patients were re-evaluated by measuring their score on the Lawton and Brody scale again. The percentages of the Lawton and Brody scale at six months were as follows: 28.9% of patients were highly dependent, 45.4% were moderately dependent and 25.6% were dependent. There were differences according to age, severity and the type of stroke, and also depending on the presence of aphasia or hemiparesis. Patients who have suffered an ischaemic stroke or haemorrhage present a poorer score in instrumental activities of daily living when age is more advanced, the stroke is more severe and when aphasia or hemiparesis are present.

  17. Localized Langerhans cell histiocytosis masquerading as Brodie's abscess in a 2-year-old child: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chang, Wei-Fang; Hsu, Yi-Chih; Wu, Yi-Der; Kuo, Chun-Lang; Huang, Guo-Shu

    2016-01-01

    Langerhans cell histiocytosis (LCH), formerly known as histiocytosis X, refers to a spectrum of diseases characterized by idiopathic proliferation of histiocytes that produce either focal (localized LCH) or systemic manifestations (Hand-Schüller-Christian disease and Letterer-Siwe disease). Localized LCH accounts for approximately 60-70 % of all LCH cases. Osseous involvement is the most common manifestation and typically involves the flat bones, along with lesions of the skull, pelvis, and ribs. Localized LCH in bone shows a wide spectrum of clinical manifestations and radiologic features that may mimic those of infections as well as benign and malignant tumors. The diagnostic imaging findings of localized LCH are also diverse and challenging. The penumbra sign is a common and characteristic magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) feature of Brodie's abscess, but is rarely seen in localized LCH. In this report, we describe a case of localized LCH misdiagnosed as Brodie's abscess in a 2-year-old child based on clinical symptoms, laboratory findings, and pre-diagnostic MRI findings (penumbra sign). Therefore, the penumbra sign is not sufficient to clearly establish the diagnosis of Brodie's abscess, and the differential diagnosis of localized LCH should be considered when a child with an osteolytic lesion presents with a penumbra sign.

  18. Cardioinhibitory reflex due to a karate kick: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    de Froidmont, Sébastien; Lobrinus, Johannes Alexander; Michaud, Katarzyna; Palmiere, Cristian; Augsburger, Marc-Pierre; Mangin, Patrice; Grabherr, Silke

    2015-06-01

    This article describes the case of a 17-year-old adolescent boy who received a foot kick in the trunk area from an expert in karate. He presented with immediate cardiocirculatory arrest. After a prolonged resuscitation, he was transferred to a hospital where he died 5 days later without ever regaining consciousness. Postmortem investigations including autopsy, radiology, histology, toxicology, and postmortem chemistry were performed that showed signs of multiple organ failure, an acute hemorrhage in the region of the celiac plexus, and signs of medical resuscitation. No preexisting disease, particularly those concerning the heart, was objectified. The cause of death was attributed to multiple organ failure after a prolonged cardiocirculatory arrest. Concerning the origin of the cardiac arrest, 2 hypotheses were considered-a cardioinhibitory reflex and a cardiac contusion (commotio cordis). Because of the presence of traumatic lesions in the celiac plexus, the first hypothesis was finally submitted. This case is reported because rare cases of sudden death from celiac reflex are described in the literature where it is almost impossible to find references with accurate documentation. The presented case confirms the importance of detailed documentation of the circumstances and postmortem investigations to establish a diagnosis of death due to cardioinhibitory reflex.

  19. Vividness and transformation of mental images in karate and ballet.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Di Corrado, Donatella; Guarnera, Maria; Quartiroli, Alessandro

    2014-12-01

    While imagery research has become popular in recent years, little research has specifically investigated differences in imagery ability between open- and closed-skill sport activities. The purpose of this study was to investigate whether the type of task, open or closed, affects vividness and controllability differently. Thirty female classic dancers (closed skill), 30 female karate athletes (open skill), and 30 female non-athlete students, between 14 and 20 years of age (M = 17.0, SD = 1.6), participated. They completed the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire, the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire, and the Subtraction of Parts Task. There was no difference in imagery ability between open- and closed-skill sport groups. Furthermore, dancers and karatekas had higher mean scores on imagery ability than the non-athlete group. A positive correlation was observed between the two questionnaires, supporting findings on the componential basis of imagery. This study contributed to increase the research in the specific area of open- and closed-skill sports and imagery ability.

  20. Vividness and Transformation of Mental Images in Karate

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    Maria Guarnera

    2016-07-01

    Full Text Available Background: Systematic reviews have shown that imagery improves performance in motor tasks. Objective: In order to observe the function of imagery in sport, this study investigated modifications in Imagery Ability, in terms of  both controllability (i.e., the accurateness with which an image can be operated mentally and vividness (i.e., the precision richness of an image, in competitive  and recreational karateka. Method: Thirty volunteers karateka  completed the Vividness of Visual Imagery Questionnaire, the Vividness of Movement Imagery Questionnaire-2, and the Subtraction of parts Task. Results: Competitive athletes reported higher scores on imagery ability than recreational athletes. No correlations were found between the variables of Vividness and the Subtraction of parts Task for any of the two groups. All analyses were two-tailed with α at .05. Conclusion: The study has risen the investigation in the particular ambit of imagery ability, providing an additional support for the multidimensional nature of mental imagery and for its usefulness in athletes.  Keywords: imagery, motor tasks, karate, static vividness

  1. The Stories of Meibukan Gojyu Ryu Karate as Told by Yagi Meitatsu

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    Robert Toth

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available Gojyu-ryu karate has the distinction of being the first of the Okinawan karate styles to be officially named (Higaonna, 1995: 68. Miyagi Chojun created the style and formally registered the name with the Japanese Government in 1933 (Hiagonna, 1985: 28. The late  Yagi Meitoku was Miyagi Chojun’s most senior karate student. After Miyagi Chojun’s death, the Miyagi family chose Yagi Meitoku to carry on the style’s traditions. Yagi taught the system to his two sons. The oldest son, Meitatsu, carries on not only the style’s technical finesses and its philosophy, but also the stories that make up its history.

  2. Effects of the new karate rules on the incidence and distribution of injuries

    Science.gov (United States)

    Macan, J; Bundalo‐Vrbanac, D; Romić, G

    2006-01-01

    Objectives To evaluate the incidence and distribution of injuries in karate before and after the implementation of new rules established by the World Karate Federation in 2000. Methods Injury incidence was followed up during the official karate competition seasons of 1997 and 2002 in Croatia. A questionnaire was used to collect data on the age and sex of the competitor and localisation and severity of injury. Data were analysed separately for female and male competitors and age categories 98%) were categorised as mild (grade 1) in both periods studied. Conclusions The results of this study confirm the importance of the new competition rules in the distribution and prevention of injuries in martial arts. Strict judging and heavy penalties for uncontrolled blows, particularly for the youngest competitors, can significantly decrease the risk of injury. PMID:16556787

  3. Foci of chronic circumscribed osteomyelitis (Brodie's abscess) that traverse the epiphyseal plate.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bogoch, E; Thompson, G; Salter, R B

    1984-03-01

    We observed six children who presented with chronic circumscribed osteomyelitis involving the adjacent metaphysis and epiphysis of a long bone, communicating through and damaging the growth cartilage of the epiphyseal plate. Four of the six children were less than or equal to 10 years of age. All six patients presented with the mild symptoms and subtle clinical findings that are characteristic of "Brodie's abscess," which is usually confined to metaphyseal, or occasionally epiphyseal, bone. Four children were treated with antibiotics and by surgical evacuation of the abscess, with visualization of the defect in the epiphyseal plate. Two children were treated with antibiotics alone, initially by the intravenous route. At follow-up 2-14 years after treatment, all affected children had a normal result without evidence of growth disturbance. There are seven previously reported cases of chronic circumscribed osteomyelitis traversing the epiphyseal plate that resulted in growth disturbance. Based on our experience and that reported in the literature, we believe that the intravenous administration of appropriate antibiotics in high doses, followed by oral antibiotics, is sufficient treatment for some children presenting with this condition. The pathogenic organism is likely to be Staphylococcus aureus. Surgical evacuation of the lesion should be performed for acute osteomyelitis involving the epiphyseal plate, for sinus formation or drainage into a synovial joint, for failure of the patient to respond clinically to nonoperative therapy, and for confirmation of the diagnosis if doubt exists.

  4. Undiagnosed Brodie abscess in a gymnast after surgical fixation of a tibial fracture

    Science.gov (United States)

    Knaap, Simone F.C.

    2007-01-01

    Abstract Objective This study presents a case of a posttraumatic subacute osteomyelitis in a child with leg pain. Clinical Features A 10-year-old female gymnast with leg pain presented to a chiropractic clinic after having been treated over the previous year for a leg fracture. The patient had leg pain associated with prolonged use of her right leg, restlessness at night, and tenderness over the right tibia. The history did not suggest a mechanical cause of the patient's pain. All available radiographs were reviewed by the chiropractor; a diffuse lytic lesion with bone thickening and sclerosis was clearly visible in the area of the patient's chief complaint, representing a Brodie abscess. Intervention and Outcome The doctor of chiropractic sent the patient back to the hospital. She was treated first with oral antibiotics, which were not successful. She underwent surgery and recovered well. Conclusion Subacute osteomyelitis may have a diagnostic delay; thus, it is possible for a chiropractor to see this condition in the office. A good case history, examination, and radiographs are important for the diagnosis and to make a proper referral. PMID:19674711

  5. Cystic fibrosis in adults. Short-term and long-term reproducibility of the Brody score for lung morphology in low-dose MDCT scans

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Weber, K.; Paolini, M.; Schmitz, M.; Coppenrath, E.; Reiser, M.; Mueller-Lisse, U.G. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Inst. fuer Klinische Radiologie; Fischer, R.; Huber, R. [Ludwig-Maximilians-Univ. Muenchen (Germany). Medical Hospital V

    2014-01-15

    Purpose: The semi-quantitative Brody score measures the severity of cystic fibrosis (CF)-related lung disease. We investigated the short-term (28 - 60 days) and long-term (2 - 7 years) intra- and inter-observer reproducibility of the Brody score in low-dose multidetector row computed tomography examinations performed in inspiration (LDCTs) of adult CF patients. Materials and Methods: Composite Brody scores and respective underlying bronchiectasis, mucus plugging, peribronchial thickening, parenchymal opacity, and hyperinflation subscores were evaluated twice (time interval, 1 - 84 months) by each of 3 independent radiologists (1 - 20 years of professional diagnostic radiology experience) in LDCTs (4 - 64 rows, 120 KVp, 10 - 15 mAs/slice, CTDIw approx. 1.0 mGy, effective dose approx. 0.5 mSv) of 15 adult patients with CF-related lung disease (8 female, 7 male, age, 18 - 50 years, mean, 33 years). Results: The average reproducibility of the Brody score was within +/-7 % (range, 2 - 30 %) between radiologists, and +/-6 % (3 - 12 %) within radiologists (short-term, 28 - 60 days, 4 %, 0 - 12 %, long-term, 2 - 7 years, 12 %, 1 - 36 %). For the different subscores, the reproducibility was within +/-25 % (15 - 41 %) between radiologists and +/-23 % (12 - 46 %) within radiologists. Conclusion: The Brody score shows high average inter-observer reproducibility in LDCTs of adult CF patients. The Brody score also demonstrates high average intra-observer reproducibility if subsequent assessments are made within 28 - 61 days. With time intervals of 2 - 7 years between subsequent evaluations, however, intra-observer reproducibility decreases. Respective subscores each demonstrate lower intra- and inter-observer reproducibility than does the composite Brody score. (orig.)

  6. Education and the Working-Class Girl of the 1970s: Reconstructing the Theoretical Field of Carolyn Steedman's "The Tidy House"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maslen, Joseph

    2017-01-01

    This article asks historians of education to think about the influences that we bring to bear on our work. It uses, as an example, Carolyn Steedman's book "The Tidy House: Little Girls Writing" (1982). "The Tidy House" set out to interpret a short story written by three primary school girls in Britain in 1976. Steedman…

  7. PENGEMBANGAN MODEL LATIHAN KARATE KIDS PADA ANAK USIA SEKOLAH DASAR KELAS ATAS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Widha Srianto

    2014-09-01

    Full Text Available Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk menghasilkan model latihan karate kids pada anak usia sekolah dasar (SD kelas atas (10-12 tahun. Penelitian pengembangan ini dilakukan dengan mengadaptasi langkah-langkah penelitian sebagai berikut: (1 pengumpulan informasi di lapangan, (2 melakukan analisis terhadap informasi yang telah dikumpulkan, (3 mengembangkan produk awal, (4 validasi ahli dan revisi, (5 uji coba lapangan skala kecil dan revisi,  (6 uji coba lapangan skala besar dan revisi, dan (7 pembuatan produk final. Uji coba skala kecil dilakukan di klub Forki Kota Yogyakarta berjumlah 7 anak. Uji coba skala besar di klub Inkanas DIY berjumlah 16 anak. Instrumen pengumpulan data yang digunakan yaitu: (1 pedoman wawancara, (2 skala nilai, (3 pedoman observasi model, (4 pedoman observasi keefektifan model, dan (5 kuesioner untuk siswa. Teknik analisis data yang dilakukan yaitu analisis deskriptif kuantitatif dan analisis deskriptif kualitatif. Hasil penelitian ini berupa model latihan karate kids pada anak usia SD kelas atas (10-12 tahun yaitu: (1 model latihan maegeri, (2 model latihan gyaku tsuki, (3 model latihan mawashigeri, dan (4 model latihan oi tsuki. Dari hasil analisis data penilaian para ahli materi dan kuesioner anak, dapat ditarik kesimpulan bahwa model latihan karate kids pada anak usia SD kelas atas (10-12 tahun ini dinilai baik dan efektif. Kata kunci: model latihan, karate kids

  8. Calculation of the Novovoronezh Recriticality Experiment with the KARATE-440 code system

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hegyi, György, E-mail: ghegyi@aeki.kfki.hu [MTA KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest (Hungary)

    2011-07-01

    In this paper the results of KARATE-440 calculations on Novovoronezh NPP Recriticality Experiment are presented, the corresponding parameters are analyzed. The simulation of the processes and the comparison of the results with the measurements are of particular interest as these efforts make our code to be validated in a higher level. The KARATE-440 code system has been developed and applied for VVER-440 core analysis during near twenty years, as a close collaboration among the developers and the specialists at the 4 Hungarian nuclear power units. KARATE is now a mature, demonstrated, complete and integrated system of computer codes and procedures that provide full and independent VVER core analysis capabilities. Even if only some well defined states of the experiment were simulated, satisfactory agreement was found between measured and calculated data. The results present evidence that the KARATE- 440 code package can adequately model the reactor states in a wide range of performance parameters and the special core type referred in the experiment so it is acceptable for neutronic analysis of all the VVER-440 NPP's. (author)

  9. "Oos Sensei! Oos Sempai!": A Karate School and Lessons on Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Shridevi

    2008-01-01

    Based on the findings of a qualitative case study, this paper describes how a karate school within a community came naturally to include students with disabilities. Data for this study were collected through in-depth interviews with the Sensei or head instructor of the school and participant observations. Findings indicate that the Sensei's…

  10. RELATIVE AND ABSOLUTE RELIABILITY OF KARATE SPECIFIC AEROBIC TEST (KSAT IN EXPERIENCED MALE ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Helmi Chaabane

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The present investigation was conducted to evaluate the relative and absolute reliability and the minimal detectable change (MDC95% of the karate specific aerobic test (KSAT in male karate athletes. Sixteen subjects (age: 22.2±3.7 years, height: 175.7±6.7 cm, body mass: 72.7±7.2 kg and karate experience: 9.2±4.5 years participated in this study and performed the KSAT twice (test-retest. Reliability of time to exhaustion (TE was very good, with intraclass correlation coefficient ICC(3.1>0.90, standard errors of measurement SEM0.05. Effect size for all variables was dz≤0.2, rated as trivial. Thus, when using the present test as a measure of aerobic fitness, a change greater than 9.4%(81.42 s is necessary to be confident (at the 95% level that the change in time to exhaustion reflects improvement and exceeds the measurement error. The KSAT is a reliable tool that can be used by practitioners for assessing aerobic fitness in experienced karate athletes.

  11. "Oos Sensei! Oos Sempai!": A Karate School and Lessons on Inclusion

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rao, Shridevi

    2008-01-01

    Based on the findings of a qualitative case study, this paper describes how a karate school within a community came naturally to include students with disabilities. Data for this study were collected through in-depth interviews with the Sensei or head instructor of the school and participant observations. Findings indicate that the Sensei's…

  12. Anthropometric and physical performance profiles of elite karate kumite and kata competitors.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Koropanovski, Nenad; Berjan, Bobana; Bozic, Predrag R; Pazin, Nemanja; Sanader, Aleksandra; Jovanovic, Srecko; Jaric, Slobodan

    2011-12-01

    KARATE TOURNAMENTS CONSIST OF TWO EQUALLY IMPORTANT KARATE DISCIPLINES: the kumite and kata competitions. Due to being based both on the distinctive selection of movement techniques and their kinematic and kinetic patterns, we hypothesized that the elite kumite and kata competitors could differ regarding their anthropometric and physical performance profiles. Thirty-one senior male karate competitors of the national karate team (kumite n = 19; kata n = 12) participated in this study. The tests applied included both the assessment of anthropometric (body height, mass and body mass index) and the following physical performance measurements: the adductor and hamstring flexibility (sideward leg splits test), speed and acceleration (20-m sprint test with 10-m acceleration time), explosive power (countermovement and standing triple jump), agility ("T"- test) and aerobic endurance (20-m multistage shuttle run test). The kumite competitors revealed a larger body size through body height (p = 0.01) and mass (p = 0.03), while the differences in body composition were non-significant. The kumite competitors also demonstrated higher acceleration (p = 0.03) and explosive power (standing triple jump; p = 0.03). A 6-7° higher flexibility of the kata competitors remained somewhat below the level of significance (p = 0.09). The findings could be interpreted by the distinctive differences in the movement techniques. Specifically, a higher explosive power could be beneficial for kumite, while both a smaller stature and higher flexibility (particularly of the lower extremity) could be important for the exceptionally low postures of the kata competitors. Although further elucidation is apparently needed, the obtained finding could be of importance for both the early selection and training of karate competitors.

  13. Precision of SPECT/CT allows the diagnosis of a hidden Brodie's abscess of the talus in a patient with sickle cell disease

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Al jafar, Hassan [Dept. of Hematology, Amiri Hospital, Kuwait (Kuwait); Al Shemmeri, Eman [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Farwaniya Hospital, Al-Farwania (Kuwait); Al Shemmeri, Jehan; Al Enizi, Saud [Faculty of Medicine, Nuclear Medicine Dept, Kuwait University, Kuwait (Kuwait); Aytglu, Leena [Molecular Imaging Center, Jaber Al-Ahmad Center, Kuwait (Kuwait); Afzai, Uzma [Dept. of Nuclear Medicine, Farwaniya Hospital, Al-Farwania (Kuwait)

    2015-06-15

    Brodie's abscess is a rare subacute osteomyelitis that can be found in sickle cell disease along with other bone complications. A 21-year-old female with sickle cell disease was presenting frequently to the medical casualty department for painful vasoocclusive crises and for persistent ankle pain and swelling. Hybrid imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) incidentally revealed Brodie's abscess in the talus bone of the ankle, causing persisting long-standing pain. SPECT-CT is a modern technology used to scan bone to detect both anatomical and functional abnormalities with high specificity. Brodie's abscess is a rare bone inflammation that could be a hidden cause of pain and infection in sickle cell disease. Although rare, this lesion requires more attention in patients with sickle cell disease because their immunocompromised status renders them prone to this infection.

  14. Precision of SPECT/CT Allows the Diagnosis of a Hidden Brodie's Abscess of the Talus in a Patient with Sickle Cell Disease.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Al-Jafar, Hassan; Al-Shemmeri, Eman; Al-Shemmeri, Jehan; Aytglu, Leena; Afzal, Uzma; Al-Enizi, Saud

    2015-06-01

    Brodie's abscess is a rare subacute osteomyelitis that can be found in sickle cell disease along with other bone complications. A 21-year-old female with sickle cell disease was presenting frequently to the medical casualty department for painful vasoocclusive crises and for persistent ankle pain and swelling. Hybrid imaging with single-photon emission computed tomography-computed tomography (SPECT-CT) incidentally revealed Brodie's abscess in the talus bone of the ankle, causing persisting long-standing pain. SPECT-CT is a modern technology used to scan bone to detect both anatomical and functional abnormalities with high specificity. Brodie's abscess is a rare bone inflammation that could be a hidden cause of pain and infection in sickle cell disease. Although rare, this lesion requires more attention in patients with sickle cell disease because their immunocompromised status renders them prone to this infection.

  15. APPLICATION OF THE GAP TECHNIQUE IN MEASURING SERVICE QUALITY IN EGYPTIAN FEDERATION KARATE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Khalil Samira

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available This study aims to measure the gap between the administration and the beneficiaries of the quality of the service in the federation and sport regions of Karate. The sample of this study was chosen randomly between the members of the board of directors of the Federation and regions, the coaches , referees and players registered in theEgyptian Federation of Karate whose numbers are (149. The sample of the study was classified into two beneficiary classes. The first beneficiary class is coaches and referees whose number are (70 persons and their administration is the members of the board of directors of the Federation and its regions whose number are (14persons. The second class is the players whose number are (65 players and their administration is the members ofthe board of directors of the Federation and its regions the referees and coaches' number are (84 persons. This study used a questionnaire (SERVQUAL to measure the quality of the service. Results pointed to a negative gap between the expectations of the beneficiaries of the excellent service level and the perceptions of the administrations of these expectations.These results refer to the weakness of administration ability in the Egyptian Federation of Karate to know the needs and desires of beneficiaries from (coaches-referees- players of the quality level in the service provided to them. The existence of a relative gap between the perceptions of the beneficiaries of the service actually provided and the administration of the qualities of the service actually provided, therefore itrefers to the decline the motive level of the administration of Egyptian Federation of Karate to provide the service to the beneficiaries in a form that conforms with what the administration already decided for the specifications. The existence of a negative gap between the expectations of the beneficiaries of the level of theexcellent service and its perception of the actual performance of this service refers to

  16. Physiological Responses and Performance Analysis Difference between Official and Simulated Karate Combat Conditions

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chaabène, Helmi; Mkaouer, Bessem; Franchini, Emerson; Souissi, Nafaa; Selmi, Mohamed Amine; Nagra, Yassine; Chamari, Karim

    2013-01-01

    Purpose This study aimed to compare physiological responses and time-motion analysis between official and simulated karate combat. Methods Ten high-level karatekas participated in this study, which included official and simulated karate combat. Results Karatekas used more upper-limb attack techniques during official combat compared to simulated ones (6±3 vs 3±1; P=0.05, respectively). For official and simulated karate matches, the numbers of high-intensity actions (i.e. offensive and defensive fighting activity) were 14±6 and 18±5, respectively (P>0.05), lasting from <1s to 5s each. Total fighting activity phase was lower during official compared to simulated matches (21.0±8.2s vs 30.4±9.9s, P<0.01, respectively). Effort (10.0±2.8s) to rest (11.9±2.7s) ratio (E:R) was 1:1 and high-intensity actions (1.6±0.3s) to rest (11.9±2.7s) ratio was higher than 1:7 during simulated combat. During official karate match, the activity and rest duration were 10.0±3.4s and 16.2±4.1s, respectively (E:R ratio 1:1.5), while high-intensity actions were 1.5±0.3s, resulting in an E:R ratio of 1:11. Blood lactate concentration was higher during official (11.14±1.82 mmol.l-1) compared to simulated karate combat (7.80±2.66 mmol.l-1) (P<0.05). Subjective perceived exertion differed significantly between official and simulated combat (14±2 vs. 12±2; P<0.05, respectively). The majority of karatekas’ perceived exertion was higher in the lower limb muscle groups irrespective of the karate combat condition. Conclusion Official and simulated matches differ considerably, therefore coaches should create new strategies during training sessions to achieve the same effort and pause profile of competitive matches and/or that athletes should be submitted to frequent competitions to adapt themselves to the profile of this event. PMID:24868428

  17. Development of a Sports Specific Aerobic Capacity Test for Karate - A Pilot Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Nunan, David

    2006-01-01

    The purpose of the study was to develop an aerobic fitness assessment test for competitive Karate practitioners and describe the preliminary findings. Five well-trained, competitive Karate practitioners participated in this study. A protocol simulating common attack strikes used in competition Karate sparring was developed from video analysis. In addition, pilot testing established a specific sequence of strikes and timings to be used in the test. The time to perform the strike sequence remained the same, whilst the time between strike sequence performances was progressively reduced. The aim of the test was to increase intensity of exercise through a decrease in recovery. On two separate occasions, absolute and relative peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak), peak ventilation (VEpeak), maximum heart rate (HRM), and time to exhaustion (TE) obtained during the test were recorded. Subjective feedback provided by the participants was positive in that participants felt the test accurately simulated actions of a competitive sparring situation, and as a result athletes felt more motivated to perform well on this test. There was no significant between test difference in absolute VO2peak, relative VO2peak, HRM and TE (p > 0.05), indicating a potentially high reproducibility with the new test for these variables (test 1-test 2 difference of 0.04 L·min-1, 1 ml·kg-1·min-1, -3 beats·min-1, and 28 s; respectively). However, VEpeak displayed potentially less reproducibility due to a significant difference observed between tests (test 1- test 2 difference of -2.8 L·min-1, p < 0.05). There was a significant relationship between TE and relative VO2peak (R2 = 0.77, p < 0.001). Further developments to the test will need to address issues with work rate/force output assessment/monitoring. The new test accurately simulates the actions of competitive Karate sparring. Key Points This is the first attempt at an aerobic fitness test specific to competitive Karate practitioners Anecdotal reports

  18. TRANSFORMED MOTORIC CHARACTERISTICS AFTER RECEIVED PROGRAMMED TRAINING PROCESS ON SUPERIOR KARATE ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Žarko Kostovski

    2010-03-01

    Full Text Available The research is made on intentional sample of participants, members of Macedonian Karate Representation, in the period of preparing to qualify for the world championship in Tokyo 2008. Within the research, were used 19 (nineteen variables for evaluation the following motorics areas: tests for evaluate muscles strength, explosive strength, movement frequency of lower extremity, rhythmic and coordination. Basic purpose of the research was to establish difference within the variables to evaluate motorics abilities between male karate athletes on the age of 18 to 28 (seniors, after a nine-day programmed training in the period of preparing. Using comparative method the results from the both measures, whereby there were evident numerical improvement in the whole motorist abilities, but no difference in the levels of statistic significances.

  19. The construct validity of session RPE during an intensive camp in young male Karate athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Padulo, Johnny; Chaabène, Helmi; Tabben, Montassar; Haddad, Monoem; Gevat, Cecilia; Vando, Stefano; Maurino, Lucio; Chaouachi, Anis; Chamari, Karim

    2014-01-01

    Summary Background: the aim of this study was to assess the validity of the session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method and two objective HR-based methods for quantifying karate’s training load (TL) in young Karatekas. Methods: eleven athletes (age 12.50±1.84 years) participated in this study. The training period/camp was performed on 5 consecutive days with two training session (s) per-day (d). Construct validity of RPE method in young Karate athletes, was studied by correlation analysis between RPE session’s training load and both Edwards and Banister’s training impulse score’ method. Results: significant relationship was found between inter-day (n-11 × d-5 × s-2 = 110) sessions RPE and Edwards (r values from 0.84 to 0.92 p karate’s training load in young karate athletes. PMID:25332921

  20. Differences in corticospinal system activity and reaction response between karate athletes and non-athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Moscatelli, Fiorenzo; Messina, Giovanni; Valenzano, Anna; Petito, Annamaria; Triggiani, Antonio Ivano; Messina, Antonietta; Monda, Vincenzo; Viggiano, Andrea; De Luca, Vincenzo; Capranica, Laura; Monda, Marcellino; Cibelli, Giuseppe

    2016-12-01

    The aim of this study was to verify the hypothesis that transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) parameters over the hand region of the motor cortex, such as resting motor threshold (rMT) and motor evoked potential (MEP) latency, predict the behavioural performance of karate athletes in the response time (RT) test. Twenty-five male karate athletes (24.9 ± 4.9 years) and 25 matched non-athletes (26.2 ± 4.5 years) were recruited. Using TMS, we investigated cortico-spinal system excitability. Compared with controls, the athletes showed faster RT (p rMT (p rMT (p rMT and the shorter MEP latency observed in athletes support the effects of training in determining specific brain organizations to meet specific sport challenges.

  1. THE EFFECT OF SPORT COMPETITION ON SALIVARY STEROIDS IN AMATEUR FEMALE KARATE ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad Ali Azarbayjani

    2010-06-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of present study was to investigate the impact of repeated competition on salivary cortisol and DHEA-S in amateur women karate athletes. We recruited 20 young elite female karate fighters [height 158 ± 7 cm (mean ± S.D., weight 59.5 ± 10.9 kg, age 21.1 ± 3.0 years], who were placed first till fourth in the Iranian championship tournament. Five ml of unstimulated whole saliva was collected 30-min before and 5 - min after first and last match in competition and analyzed for cortisol and DHEA-S concentrations. The results showed that participation in competition resulted in significantly increased saliva cortisol level (p 0.05. Significant differences insalivary steroids were not different between winners and losers (p > 0.05. The results of present study show that salivary cortisol concentration is a suitable index for showing competing stress.

  2. [Competitive karate and the risk of HIV infection--review, risk analysis and risk minimizing strategies].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Müller-Rath, R; Mumme, T; Miltner, O; Skobel, E

    2004-03-01

    Bleeding facial injuries are not uncommon in competitive karate. Nevertheless, the risk of an infection with HIV is extremely low. Guidelines about the prevention of HIV infections are presented. Especially in contact sports and martial arts the athletes, judges and staff have to recognize and employ these recommendations. Bleeding wounds of the hands due to contact with the opponents teeth can be minimized by fist padding.

  3. Effect of sensory stimulation on salivary IgA secretion rate in karate players

    OpenAIRE

    Baralic, I; MILETIC, I; Djordjevic, B.; Terzic, T.; S Radojevic-Skodric; Nikolic, G

    2010-01-01

    Objectives: Secretory IgA is predominant immunoglobulin in secretions of the mucosal immune system. Low concentration of salivary IgA is associated with a higher risk of respiratory tract infections episodes in athletes during the training season. The purpose of this study was to determine whether orange-flavored whey based drink has beneficial effect on level of IgA in saliva after the training. Methods: Twenty healthy, young karate players participated in this study. They were divided into ...

  4. Idiosyncratic description of anger states in skilled Spanish karate athletes : an application of the IZOF model

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Montse C.

    2004-01-01

    This study examined content and intensity of anger prior to, during, and after best ever and worst ever performances in 43 high-level Spanish karate athletes using individualized anger profiling. Optimal and dysfunctional anger intensities were assessed using a modified version of Borg’s Category Ratio (CR-10) scale. Anger profiling was supplemented with positive and negative emotion profiling. As expected, content of anger descriptors was highly idiosyncratic. Moreover, great variability in ...

  5. Low Risk of Injuries in Young Adolescents Participating in Top-Level Karate Competition.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Arriaza, Rafael; Inman, David; Arriaza, Alvaro; Saavedra, Miguel A

    2016-02-01

    Prospective studies on injuries in martial arts competition are scarce, especially those involving young practitioners, but the upsurge of children and adolescents taking part in organized training and competition in these sports requires clarification of the injury risk that they represent for youths. Top-level karate competition for young adolescents (cadets, or 14- to 15-year-olds) has a low injury rate and can be safely promoted. Descriptive epidemiological study. Prospective recording of the injuries resulting from all bouts in 3 consecutive World Karate Championships (2009, 2011, and 2013) for cadets was performed. Data were collected prospectively in situ with checklists that described competitor sex, bout category, and weight as well as injured area, diagnosis, mechanism of injury, severity, and treatment. A total of 1020 bouts were reviewed, 671 in the male category and 349 in the female category. A total of 61 injuries were recorded. Of those, only 3 were time-loss injuries. During the 2009 and 2011 championships, there was 1 injury per 25.6 fights, while during the 2013 championship the number of injuries increased, with 1 injury per 10 fights (P = .003). There was no statistical difference in the total injury rate between the male and female categories (P = .71), with an odds ratio of 1.16 (95% CI, 0.52-2.55). The injury rate for cadet top-level karate competition found in this prospective study is much lower than the rates previously published for karate or other martial arts competitions, but there seems to be a marked increase as more championships are held, which is a matter of concern. © 2015 The Author(s).

  6. Metodika tréninku sportovního zápasu v karate

    OpenAIRE

    BENÍŠEK, Petr

    2017-01-01

    Title: Methodology training in sports matches in karate Objectives: The main aim of this work is to create a model of development of movement skills and special skills and knowledge of of tactics needed to manage difficult situations in sports match. Methods: In our thesiswe used a method of analysis and study of documents, historical method and the method of compilation and comparison. The method of analysis was applied in the analysis of various aspects of discipline kumite and method of co...

  7. DEVELOPMENT OF A SPORTS SPECIFIC AEROBIC CAPACITY TEST FOR KARATE - A PILOT STUDY

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David Nunan

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study was to develop an aerobic fitness assessment test for competitive Karate practitioners and describe the preliminary findings. Five well-trained, competitive Karate practitioners participated in this study. A protocol simulating common attack strikes used in competition Karate sparring was developed from video analysis. In addition, pilot testing established a specific sequence of strikes and timings to be used in the test. The time to perform the strike sequence remained the same, whilst the time between strike sequence performances was progressively reduced. The aim of the test was to increase intensity of exercise through a decrease in recovery. On two separate occasions, absolute and relative peak oxygen uptake (VO2peak, peak ventilation (VEpeak, maximum heart rate (HRM, and time to exhaustion (TE obtained during the test were recorded. Subjective feedback provided by the participants was positive in that participants felt the test accurately simulated actions of a competitive sparring situation, and as a result athletes felt more motivated to perform well on this test. There was no significant between test difference in absolute VO2peak, relative VO2peak, HRM and TE (p > 0.05, indicating a potentially high reproducibility with the new test for these variables (test 1-test 2 difference of 0.04 L·min-1, 1 ml·kg-1·min-1, -3 beats·min-1, and 28 s; respectively. However, VEpeak displayed potentially less reproducibility due to a significant difference observed between tests (test 1- test 2 difference of -2.8 L·min-1, p < 0.05. There was a significant relationship between TE and relative VO2peak (R2 = 0.77, p < 0.001. Further developments to the test will need to address issues with work rate/force output assessment/monitoring. The new test accurately simulates the actions of competitive Karate sparring

  8. A Multimodal Dataset for the Analysis of Movement Qualities in Karate Martial Art

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Ksenia Kolykhalova

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available A multimodal dataset is presented, which has been collected for analyzing and measuring the quality of movement performed during sport activities. Martial arts (namely karate are taken as test-beds for investigation. Karate encompasses predefined sequences of movements (“katas” that can be carried out with different qualities, e.g., by performers at different skill levels (highly vs. poorly skilled.The experimental setup and method are described. The dataset is composed of motion capture (MoCap data, synchronized with video and audio recordings, of several participants with different levels of experience. The raw MoCap data are independent of any particular post-processing algorithm and can be used for other research purposes. In the second part of the paper, a set of measures is proposed to evaluate a kata performance. They are based on the geometrical and kinematic features, such as posture correctness and synchronization between limbs. and were chosen according to karate experts’ opinion.

  9. Acute injuries in soccer, ice hockey, volleyball, basketball, judo, and karate: analysis of national registry data.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kujala, U M; Taimela, S; Antti-Poika, I; Orava, S; Tuominen, R; Myllynen, P

    1995-12-02

    To determine the acute injury profile in each of six sports and compare the injury rates between the sports. Analysis of national sports injury insurance registry data. Finland during 1987-91. 621,691 person years of exposure among participants in soccer, ice hockey, volleyball, basketball, judo, or karate. Acute sports injuries requiring medical treatment and reported to the insurance company on structured forms by the patients and their doctors. 54,186 sports injuries were recorded. Injury rates were low in athletes aged under 15, while 20-24 year olds had the highest rates. Differences in injury rates between the sports were minor in this adult age group. Overall injury rates were higher in sports entailing more frequent and powerful body contact. Each sport had a specific injury profile. Fractures and dental injuries were most common in ice hockey and karate and least frequent in volleyball. Knee injuries were the most common cause of permanent disability. Based on the defined injury profiles in the different sports it is recommended that sports specific preventive measures should be employed to decrease the number of violent contacts between athletes, including improved game rules supported by careful refereeing. To prevent dental injuries the wearing of mouth guards should be encouraged, especially in ice hockey, karate, and basketball.

  10. Effect of adapted karate training on quality of life and body balance in 50-year-old men

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Marie-Ludivine Chateau-Degat

    2010-08-01

    Full Text Available Marie-Ludivine Chateau-Degat1, Gérard Papouin2, Philippe Saint-Val3, Antonio Lopez21Axe sante des populations et environmentale, CHUQ, Laval University, Quebec, Canada; 2Service de Cardiologie, Centre Hospitalier Territorial du Taone, 3Fédération Tahitienne de Karaté, Papeete, French PolynesiaBackground: Aging is associated with a decrease in physical skills, sometimes accompanied by a change in quality of life (QOL. Long-term martial arts practice has been proposed as an avenue to counter these deleterious effects. The general purpose of this pilot study was to identify the effects of an adapted karate training program on QOL, depression, and motor skills in 50-year-old men.Methods and design: Fifteen 50-year-old men were enrolled in a one-year prospective experiment. Participants practiced adapted karate training for 90 minutes three times a week. Testing sessions, involving completion of the MOS 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF36 and Beck Depression Inventory, as well as motor and effort evaluation, were done at baseline, and six and 12 months.Results: Compared with baseline, participants had better Beck Depression Inventory scores after one year of karate training (P < 0.01 and better perception of their physical health (P < 0.01, but not on the mental dimension (P < 0.49. They also improved their reaction time scores for the nondominant hand and sway parameters in the eyes-closed position (P < 0.01.Conclusion: Regular long-term karate practice had favorable effects on mood, perception of physical health confirmed by better postural control, and improved performance on objective physical testing. Adapted karate training would be an interesting option for maintaining physical activity in aging.Keywords: karate, balance, training, sport, aging

  11. O combate subtrativo: a espiritualidade do esvaziamento como norte da filosofia corporal no Karate-Do The subtractive fight: the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of the body philosophy in Karate-Do

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cristiano Roque Antunes Barreira

    2008-01-01

    Full Text Available O karate é uma técnica de combate sem armas que, sustentada por uma antiga tradição, tem como seu principal objetivo a formação do caráter do praticante. A compreensão da visão de mundo na qual o karate nasceu e se desenvolveu é debitária de uma dinâmica espiritual e psicológica singular cujo conhecimento é imprescindível para apreendê-la. O objetivo desta pesquisa é analisar o karate por meio de sua espiritualidade, já que, junto aos textos fundamentais de sua tradição recente, ela é tida como a essência presente em todas as dimensões da expressão da arte. Para tanto, vale-se de uma metodologia historiográfica de perspectiva fenomenológica. Karate-do veicula a espiritualidade do esvaziamento como norte de sua filosofia corporal. Temas com linhas fronteiriças tênues entre si são analisados pela perspectiva de tal espiritualidade. A abrangência desta dinâmica corresponde a um combate subtrativo visando uma apreensão fluida e intutitiva da realidade.Karate is a fight practice that does not make use of weapons. It is based on old traditions and its main aim is to develop a sense of personality in the practitioner. Karate originated from unique spiritual and psychological dynamics, which are of utmost importance for the full understanding of this practice. The objective of this research is to analyze karate-do by means of its spirituality. This is because, together with the fundamental texts about the recent tradition of this fight, spirituality is considered to be the essence present in all dimensions of the artistic expression of karate. To this end, the historiographical methodology of phenomenological perspective was employed in this study. Karate-do has the spirituality of the empty hands method as the north of its body philosophy. Themes with blurred borders are analyzed from this spiritual point of view herein. This dynamics includes the subtractive fight, aiming at the fluid and intuitive understanding of

  12. Effect of adapted karate training on quality of life and body balance in 50-year-old men

    Science.gov (United States)

    Marie-Ludivine, Chateau-Degat; Papouin, Gérard; Saint-Val, Philippe; Lopez, Antonio

    2010-01-01

    Background Aging is associated with a decrease in physical skills, sometimes accompanied by a change in quality of life (QOL). Long-term martial arts practice has been proposed as an avenue to counter these deleterious effects. The general purpose of this pilot study was to identify the effects of an adapted karate training program on QOL, depression, and motor skills in 50-year-old men. Methods and design Fifteen 50-year-old men were enrolled in a one-year prospective experiment. Participants practiced adapted karate training for 90 minutes three times a week. Testing sessions, involving completion of the MOS 36-item Short Form Health Survey (SF36) and Beck Depression Inventory, as well as motor and effort evaluation, were done at baseline, and six and 12 months. Results Compared with baseline, participants had better Beck Depression Inventory scores after one year of karate training (P karate practice had favorable effects on mood, perception of physical health confirmed by better postural control, and improved performance on objective physical testing. Adapted karate training would be an interesting option for maintaining physical activity in aging. PMID:24198552

  13. Effects of cognitive, motor, and Karate Training on cognitive functioning and emotional well-being of elderly people

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    Petra eJansen

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available The present study investigated the influence of cognitive, motor, and Karate (accordingly the guidelines of the German-Karate-Federation, DKV training on the cognitive functioning and mental state of older people between 67 and 93 years of age. The three training groups consisted of 12 elderly participants; the waiting control group included 9 participants. Before the training, participants were evaluated with cognitive measurements (cognitive speed: number connection test, number symbol test; memory performance: digit-span test, blocking-tapping test, figure test and a measurement of emotional well-being. After this pre-testing they participated the specific training in on average 16 one-hour training sessions. The cognitive training exercised inductive thinking ability, the motor training worked on easy stretching and mobilization techniques, and the Karate training taught tasks of self-defense, partner training and Katas. After 16 training sessions all tests were applied again. The results show no significant difference in cognitive improvement dependent on group between the three training conditions. However a significant improvement was found in the emotional mental state measurement for the Karate group compared to the waiting control group. This result suggests that the high involvement in Karate leads to a feeling of self-worth and that even in elderly people integration of new sports helps to improve quality of life.

  14. 浅析空手道组手技术动作特征%On Hand Technique Features of Karate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    董刚

    2015-01-01

    文章运用文献资料法、观察法、实践法、归纳分析法等研究方法,以空手道组手技术动作为研究对象,通过对空手道竞赛规则的解读、技术的研判,总结归纳出空手道组手技术动作特征为:控制是核心;速度是关键。%With the methods of literature, observation, practice and inductive analysis, the paper takes karate hand technique as the study object, through the paraphrase of karate rules, technique judge, to sum the characteristics of karate hand technique:the core is controlling and key point is the speed.

  15. Oxygen uptake, heartrate and blood lactate responses to the Chito-Ryu Seisan kata in skilled karate practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zehr, E P; Sale, D G

    1993-07-01

    To evaluate the efficacy of Seisan kata as an aerobic power training mode, four male (28.5 +/- 4.2 y) Chito-Ryu karate black belt practitioners did kata continuously for 10 min. In separate sessions the kata (formal, organized movement sequences) were done at rates of 1 (PACE) and 2 (FAST) kata "cycles" per minute. Heartrate (HR) and VO2 were monitored continuously during the sessions. VO2 during the PACE and FAST sessions averaged 73 +/- 3 and 94 +/- 2% of leg cycling VO2peak, respectively. The corresponding HRs were 93 +/- 6 and 101 +/- 3% of HRmax (leg cycle test). PACE and FAST post-exercise blood lactates were 12 +/- 4 and 22 +/- 6%, respectively, of the maximal leg cycle test values. These data indicate that karate kata can be used as an effective and specific means for training aerobic power in karate practitioners.

  16. The unity of training, education and health of preschool children in the process of training in karate

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    Bodnar Ivanna Romanovna

    2011-10-01

    Full Text Available The literature were analyzed and syntheses. Theoretically proved the possibility of solving complex educational, recreational and educational objectives of physical education of children by means of karate. Found that the use of breathing exercises, exercises of sports and dance character helps to improve physical and mental development of children. It is proved that karate training improves the cardiovascular and respiratory systems, blood system and contribute to the formation of a correct posture, hardening, increase the level of coordination, flexibility, strength and speed.

  17. [Injuries in Karate Sports: A Survey Performed During the World Championship 2014].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Tischer, T; Lembcke, B; Ellenrieder, M; Glass, Ä; Weigert, W; Mittelmeier, W

    2016-12-01

    Background: In literature, the competitive sport of modern karate is almost always characterised as a combat sport involving injuries caused by impact effects and physical contact with opponents. There is a lack of data regarding the outcome after karate injuries, specifically with a view to the contact-free Kata karate. Methods: Performing a random test using a questionnaire, we collected data concerning regular medical treatment, prior surgeries of the locomotor system, and medical care. This study included 300 athletes from 65 countries (average age: 24.1 years; 176 male, 124 female) participating in the Karate World Cup 2014. Seven participants competed in both disciplines, 87 only in the Kata discipline, and 206 only in Kumite (the discipline involving physical contact with opponents). The statistical analysis was performed using a two-sided Chi-square test and the Fisher's exact test. Results: Recurrent medical treatment was most commonly required for the knee region (Kata 28.7 %, Kumite 26.7 %). In Kata the shoulder region came second (22.9 %), in Kumite the ankle region (21.8 %), followed by hand and foot in both groups. Medical treatment of the elbow area was more frequent in the Kata Group (p = 0.033), while in Kumite athletes' hand (p = 0.002) and foot injuries (p = 0.007) prevailed. Prior surgeries of athletes of both disciplines most commonly concerned the knee, followed by the ankle region in the Kata group and by the hand and head region in the Kumite group. Statistically significant differences between the two disciplines were found in head injuries (p = 0.004), which commonly do not occur in the Kata discipline. During the World Cup, 56.0 % of the athletes had no individual medical care and 24.6 % received no sports-related medical care in their home countries. Conclusion: Although the risk of injuries in Kumite Karate has been reduced by the introduction of gumshields, hand and foot protectors as well as a reform of

  18. INJURY PROFILE IN WOMEN SHOTOKAN KARATE CHAMPIONSHIPS IN IRAN(2004-2005

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    Farzin Halabchi

    2007-10-01

    Full Text Available The aims of this paper were to record injury rates among Iranian women competitive Shotokan karate athletes and propose possible predisposing factors. A prospective recording of the injuries resulting from all matches in 6 consecutive women national Shotokan Karate Championships in all age groups in Iran (season 2004-2005 was performed. Data recorded included demographic characteristics (Age and Weight, athletic background (rank, years of experience, time spent training and previous injuries, type, location and reason for the injury, and the result of the match. Results indicate 186 recorded injuries from a total of 1139 bouts involving 1019 athletes, therefore there were 0.163 injury per bout [C.I. 95%: 0.142-0.184] and 183 injuries per 1000 athletes [C.I. 95%: 159-205]. Injuries were most commonly located in the head and neck (55.4% followed by the lower limb (21%, upper limb (12.9% and trunk (10.8%. Punches (48. 4% were associated with more injuries than kicks (33.3%. The injuries consisted of muscle strain and contusion (81, 43.6%, hematoma and epistaxis (49, 26.3%, lacerations and abrasions (28, 15. 1%, concussion (13, 7%, tooth avulsion or subluxation (3, 1.6%, joint dislocation (3, 1.6% and fractures (3, 1.6%. In conclusion, as the majority of injuries are minor, and severe or longstanding injuries are uncommon, it can be argued that shotokan karate is a relatively safe for females, despite its image as a combat sport, where ostensibly the aim appears to injure your opponent. Further research is needed to evaluate the effective strategies to minimize the risk of injuries

  19. Anger in Adolescent Boy Athletes: a Comparison among Judo, Karate, Swimming and Non Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Mohammad-Ali Mansournia; Homayoun Amini; Sara Lotfian; Vahid Ziaee; Amir-Hossein Memari

    2012-01-01

    Objective: Karate and judo are originally Japanese martial arts which may have different influences on adolescents’ behavior. This study was conducted to examine the total anger rate and its subscale-reactive anger, instrumental anger, and anger control-rates in young karateka and judoka.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 to 19-year old boys. Adolescents included in the study were judoka (n=70), karateka (n=66), swimmers (n=59), and non athletes (n=96). One stage cluster s...

  20. 日本空手道与中国武术比较研究%A Comparative Study of Japanese Karate and Chinese Martial Arts

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    韩惠

    2014-01-01

    A comparative study of Chinese wushu and the Japanese karate was made. The martial arts is more abundant and complex in the content and system than karate, covering all the technology of the karate classes technically, and is more deep and broad in cultural than karate carries, but there is less specific and clear than karate. Karate dissemination and promotion in the world is worth of learning, especially karate class/grade system and etiquette.%对中国武术和日本空手道进行了比较研究。武术较空手道在内容和体系更为丰富和复杂,在技术层面上包涵了空手道的所有技术类别;文化层面上武术较空手道所涵载更为深邃和宽泛,但没有空手道具体和明确;空手道在国际上的传播和推广值得中国武术人学习和借鉴,尤其是空手道的级位/段位制度和礼仪。

  1. Current Situations and Development Strategies of Karate in China%我国空手道开展现状与发展战略

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    庞俊鹏

    2016-01-01

    Karate is a fighting movement for fitness and self-defense .It is comprised of competitive karate ,karate for all , and school karate .The karate management departments in China should form the guiding ideology and policies in terms of the national ,international and scientific views .It is important to improve the association rules ,arouse the enthusiasm of the members ,balance the relationships of competitive karate ,school karate ,and karate for all ,improve the international management systems ,and strengthen the men's karate .%我国空手道主管部门应从国家视野、国际视野、科学视野的维度出发 ,在新的时期 ,制订空手道发展的工作指导思想和方针.竞技空手道、大众空手道、学校空手道都是空手道的组成部分 ,应均衡发展.完善协会章程 ,调动会员单位积极性 ,协调竞技空手道、学校空手道、大众空手道之间关系 ,健全国家队管理体制 ,打破女强男弱的现状.竞技空手道带动大众空手道 ,大众空手道带动学校空手道 ,唯有如此 ,我国空手道运动才能健康可持续发展.

  2. Characteristics of intercommunications of sport results and indexes of technique and tactic of competition activity of highly qualified sportsmen of karate-do.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Baranov M.V.

    2011-02-01

    Full Text Available The effectiveness of the individualization of technical and tactical training of athletes of karate-offensive, maneuver, and expectant management style duels. By analyzing the competitive activities of representatives of these styles, world and European champion 2007-2009 classification features were identified techniques and tactics of karate-do and established differences in their use of technical-tactical vehicles. Results of correlation analysis of the relationship of sports results and performance of technical and tactical actions of these athletes can determine the direction of individualization of training in different styles of karate fights.

  3. Sports can protect dynamic visual acuity from aging: A study with young and older judo and karate martial arts athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muiños, Mónica; Ballesteros, Soledad

    2015-08-01

    A major topic of current research in aging has been to investigate ways to promote healthy aging and neuroplasticity in order to counteract perceptual and cognitive declines. The aim of the present study was to investigate the benefits of intensive, sustained judo and karate martial arts training in young and older athletes and nonathletes of the same age for attenuating age-related dynamic visual acuity (DVA) decline. As a target, we used a moving stimulus similar to a Landolt ring that moved horizontally, vertically, or obliquely across the screen at three possible contrasts and three different speeds. The results indicated that (1) athletes had better DVA than nonathletes; (2) the older adult groups showed a larger oblique effect than the younger groups, regardless of whether or not they practiced a martial art; and (3) age modulated the results of sport under the high-speed condition: The DVA of young karate athletes was superior to that of nonathletes, while both judo and karate older athletes showed better DVA than did sedentary older adults. These findings suggest that in older adults, the practice of a martial art in general, rather than the practice of a particular type of martial art, is the crucial thing. We concluded that the sustained practice of a martial art such as judo or karate attenuates the decline of DVA, suggesting neuroplasticity in the aging human brain.

  4. The Effect of Karate Practice on Self-Esteem in Young Adults with Visual Impairment: A Case Study

    Science.gov (United States)

    Qasim, Samir; Ravenscroft, John; Sproule, John

    2014-01-01

    Previous research has not examined the potential relationship between physical activity interventions and psychological domains of young adults with visual impairment (VI). This study aimed to investigate whether karate practice improves the self-esteem of young adults with VI. A secondary aim of this study was to explore the exercise and…

  5. Effect of a Karate Competition on Urinary Excretion of Proteins with High Molecular Weight (Glomerular proteinuria in Young Male Karatekas

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    Mohammad Ali Kohanpour

    Full Text Available The aim of the present study was to investigate the effect of a karate competition on the urinary excretion of proteins with high molecular weight and urinary creatinine to protein ratio in young male karate as. Ten young male karate as with the age range of 25±2.63 years, height of 175.7±5.15 cm and weight of 71.5±8.61 kg voluntarily took part in this study and participated in a karate competition. Before and 20 min after the competition, the urinary sample was collected and the levels of albumin, total protein, creatinine and urinary creatinine to protein ratio were measured and calculated. To investigate the changes of urinary proteins caused by competition, the student’s t-test for dependent groups was used. Glomerular proteinuria increased after the competition; however, it was only significant for albumin and creatinine (p = 0.009 and p = 0.018, respectively. Although total protein increased after the competition, it was not statistically significant (p = 0.184 and the creatinine to protein ratio did not make any significant changes (p = 0.532. Creatinine to protein ratio was less than 0.1 for the samples before and after the competition; therefore, proteinuria had a physiological range which was very far from nephritic and pathological proteinuria ranges; thus, it was not harmful.

  6. Nutrient intake of highly competitive male and female collegiate karate players.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Teshima, Kaori; Imamura, Hiroyuki; Yoshimura, Yoshitaka; Nishimura, Seiji; Miyamoto, Noriko; Yamauchi, Yoichi; Hori, Hitoshi; Moriwaki, Chinatsu; Shirota, Tomoko

    2002-07-01

    Nutrient intake of 29 male (M Group) and 16 female (F Group) highly competitive collegiate karate players were compared. The results were also compared with the daily energy expenditure (DEE), Japanese recommended dietary allowances (RDAs) or adequate dietary intakes (ADIs). Dietary information was collected using a 3-weekday diet record. Although the M Group showed significantly higher mean %RDAs or %ADIs in iron, vitamin B1, phosphorus, magnesium, and sodium than the F Group, many of the mean %RDAs or %ADIs were below RDAs or ADIs in both groups. The subjects who skipped meals tended to show lower mean %DEE, Japanese %RDAs or %ADIs in minerals and vitamins than the subjects who did not skip in both M and F Groups. The consumption of green and other vegetables and milk and dairy products in both M and F Groups were low. It is concluded that the male and female highly competitive karate players studied in the present study may be at risk of sub-optimal nutrient intake, which increases the potential for nutrient deficiency. The subjects were advised not to skip meals, and to consume a balanced high-carbohydrate, moderate-protein, low-fat diet with increasing green and other vegetables and milk and dairy products to increase mineral, vitamin and dietary fiber intakes.

  7. Optimisation development coordinated young karate sportsmen abilities at the stage of preliminary base training

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    Anatoliy Rovnyy

    2015-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: substantiation methodise perfection development of young karate sportsmen coordinated abilities at the stage of preliminary base training. Material and Methods: tested results of 57 young sportsmen divided in to 2 groups of equal preparatory level: control group (n=27 and experimental group (n=30 vestibular stability was tested by special tests and Romberg’s (station test. Results: the results of vestibular stability testing were established as the ground of coordinated young sportsmen abilities. Initial indices of statical and dynamic equilibrium of control group didn’t differ from experimental group. Introduction of program of optimization training progress promoted considerable increasing indices statical and dynamic equilibrium. The development of these abilities provided more effective forming complicated coordinated technical actions of young karate sportsmen. Conclusion: worker out programme promoted increasing the level of vestibular stability, which expresses in motive and vegetative improvements. It is just because of right forming moving hobbits of long conservation (keeping equilibrium body is the ground regulation vestibular apparatus (organs of complicated sportsmen action.

  8. Primary Motor Cortex Excitability in Karate Athletes: A Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation Study

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    Vincenzo Monda

    2017-09-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: The mechanisms involved in the coordination of muscle activity are not completely known: to investigate adaptive changes in human motor cortex Transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS was often used. The sport models are frequently used to study how the training may affect the corticospinal system excitability: Karate represents a valuable sport model for this kind of investigations for its high levels of coordination required to athletes. This study was aimed at examining possible changes in the resting motor threshold (rMT and in the corticospinal response in karate athletes, and at determining whether athletes are characterized by a specific value of rMT.Methods: We recruited 25 right-handed young karate athletes and 25 matched non-athletes. TMS was applied to primary motor cortex (M1. Motor evoked potential (MEP were recorded by two electrodes placed above the first dorsal interosseous (FDI muscle. We considered MEP latencies and amplitudes at rMT, 110% of rMT, and 120% of rMT.Results: The two groups were similar for age (p > 0.05, height (p > 0.05 and body mass (p > 0.05. The TMS had a 70-mm figure-of-eight coil and a maximum output of 2.2 T, placed over the left motor cortex. During the stimulation, a mechanical arm kept the coil tangential to the scalp, with the handle at 45° respect to the midline. The SofTaxic navigator system (E.M.S. Italy, www.emsmedical.net was used in order to correctly identifying and repeating the stimulation for every subject. Compared to non-athletes, athletes showed a lower resting motor threshold (p < 0.001. Furthermore, athletes had a lower MEP latency (p < 0.001 and a higher MEP amplitude (p < 0.001 compared to non-athletes. Moreover, a ROC curve for rMT was found significant (area: 0.907; sensitivity 84%, specificity 76%.Conclusions: As the main finding, the present study showed significant differences in cortical excitability between athletes and non-athletes. The training can improve cortical

  9. Influence of stress factors of firewalking on heart rate frequency and variability of karate sportsmen

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    Dykij B.V.

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Influence of passing is studied on burning hot coal on the indexes of frequency of heart-throbs and variability of cardiac rhythm of sportsmen. In procedure of passing on coal took part 4 sportsmen (karate of high qualification aged 20-25 years. All of participants of experiment were healthy and gave the informed consent to participating in research. Found out the increase of frequency of heart-throbs (to 160-180 shots in a minute and change of separate indexes of spectral and statistical analysis of variability of cardiac rhythm. In particular, during passing of VLF grows on 36%, TP goes down on 97%. The changes of these parameters on the preparatory and finishings stages of procedure and distributing of components of spectrum of variability of cardiac rhythm specify on the leading role of psychoemotional factors and higher departments of central nervous system during passing on coal.

  10. 德国Canton公司的Karat Reference 2DC音箱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    顾洎广

    2004-01-01

    Carlton是德国最大、产品最畅销的扬声器制造厂之一。在其成立30周年际.该公司推出了一款标志性的Karat Referernce 2DC音箱系统(如题图).在今年1月美国举办的2004 CES(消费电子产品博览会)上独领风骚。开发这个Hi-end级产品的宗旨是要满足那些听觉极为敏感的顶级发烧友的需求,也想集中体现公司在研究、开发、工程设计和制造工艺方面几十年的经验。

  11. Using virtual humans and computer animations to learn complex motor skills: a case study in karate

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    Spanlang Bernhard

    2011-12-01

    Full Text Available Learning motor skills is a complex task involving a lot of cognitive issues. One of the main issues consists in retrieving the relevant information from the learning environment. In a traditional learning situation, a teacher gives oral explanations and performs actions to provide the learner with visual examples. Using virtual reality (VR as a tool for learning motor tasks is promising. However, it raises questions about the type of information this kind of environments can offer. In this paper, we propose to analyze the impact of virtual humans on the perception of the learners. As a case study, we propose to apply this research problem to karate gestures. The results of this study show no significant difference on the after training performance of learners confronted to three different learning environments (traditional group, video and VR.

  12. Karat, pulque, and gac: three shining stars in the traditional food galaxy.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kuhnlein, Harriet V

    2004-11-01

    Karat banana, pulque prepared from Agave species, and gac fruit are three traditional local food items recently studied intensively for their nutrition potential among traditional and indigenous peoples, and are examples of how local food-based strategies can be used to ensure micronutrient nutrition. Successful health promotion and intervention programs emphasizing traditional food systems are few in the international literature, but offer promise in understanding the potential of food-based strategies. Traditional food strategies could be used not only for alleviating malnutrition, but also for developing locally relevant programs for stemming the nutrition transition and preventing chronic disease, particularly among indigenous and traditional peoples who retain knowledge of using food species in their local ecosystems.

  13. Gender Differentiations of Some Anthropological Characteristics of Karate Players--Cadets.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jukić, Josefina

    2015-07-01

    The research was conducted with the aim of determining gender differentiations of some anthropological characteristics of male and female cadet karate players. To achieve this aim, a group of 10 morphological variables, ten motor tests, five situation motor test and six technical performance evaluation tests was applied. Two hundred and six competing players were measured, of which 105 male and 101 female. The examinees were divided according to weight categories (lower and higher weight categories). Based on the variance analysis and canon discrimination analysis a conclusion can be made: gender differentiations are most strongly expressed in morphological and basic motor area, and significantly less in the area of specific motor abilities and motor knowledge (technical efficiency).

  14. The registration of morphofunctional parameters: its evaluation in children-karate athletes

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    Harold Pérez Soriano

    2010-02-01

    Full Text Available With the development of national and international practice of Karate-Do as a sport of combat in Cuba, and especially when practiced often by children, morphofunctional control is important for athletes, observing the response of the body still in the making during training and competition in a given preparation macrocycle, as negative results (psychological and / or physical can be brought to a wrong direction to achieve a given objective competitive.This research identifies and examines indicators for assessing the morphofunctional development of children, developing athletes in the category 10-11 years (weight, height, reach the arms and legs, heart rate, arterial blood pressure and respiratory rate etc. This allows a better characterization of this sport at an early age and therefore, better health benefit of practitioners in the public interest and national sports.

  15. Anger in Adolescent Boy Athletes: a Comparison among Judo, Karate, Swimming and Non Athletes

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziaee, Vahid; Lotfian, Sara; Amini, Homayoun; Mansournia, Mohammad-Ali; Memari, Amir-Hossein

    2012-01-01

    Objective Karate and judo are originally Japanese martial arts which may have different influences on adolescents’ behavior. This study was conducted to examine the total anger rate and its subscale-reactive anger, instrumental anger, and anger control-rates in young karateka and judoka. Methods A cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 to 19-year old boys. Adolescents included in the study were judoka (n=70), karateka (n=66), swimmers (n=59), and non athletes (n=96). One stage cluster sampling method was used to select judoka, karateka, and swimmers from sport clubs in Tehran. Students of governmental schools at the same area were chosen as the non-athletes group. The “Adolescent Anger Rating Scale” questionnaire was utilized to assess the anger rate. Findings The mean age of participants was 12.90(±2.06) years. The total anger rates were 45.40 (±5.61) in judoka, 41.53(±5.63) in karateka, 41.19(±5.33) in swimmers, and 45.44 (±8.58) in non athletes. In total anger scale karateka and swimmers had a significantly lower score compared to judoka and non athletes. In instrumental anger subscale the difference was significant just between karateka and non athletes. In reactive anger subscale judoka showed higher scores than swimmers. In anger control subscale the difference was significant between judoka and swimmers and also judoka and karateka. The difference of anger control between karateka and non athletes was significant. Conclusion The findings of this study propose a difference in the anger rate between judoka and karateka. In contrary to the results of previous studies, judo training may have no influence on anger control, while karate training could be beneficial. PMID:23056853

  16. Effect of sensory stimulation on salivary IgA secretion rate in karate players

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    I Baralic

    2010-12-01

    Full Text Available Objectives: Secretory IgA is predominant immunoglobulin in secretions of the mucosal immune system. Low concentration of salivary IgA is associated with a higher risk of respiratory tract infections episodes in athletes during the training season. The purpose of this study was to determine whether orange-flavored whey based drink has beneficial effect on level of IgA in saliva after the training. Methods: Twenty healthy, young karate players participated in this study. They were divided into two groups. One group rinsed a mouth with 20 ml of liquid whey, two times in 30-min period: 15 and 30 min after training. Second group rinsed a mouth with 20 ml of whey based orange flavored soft drink, at the same time. Saliva was collected before the training, just after the training and after application of fluids. Results: We observed decrease in salivary flow after physical activity. The salivary flow was higher after the application of flavored drink compared to salivary flow after the application of whey. The absolute concentration of sIgA and sIgA secretion rate decreased just after exercise compared to pre exercise values. Application of whey elevated sIgA levels on day 1, while application of flavored drink caused increasing in sIgA levels on day 3. In all other cases sIgA level was decreasing even after applied stimuli. Conclusions: The exercise induces decreasing in salivary flow, sIgA absolute concentration and sIgA secretion rate. Application of fluid whey and flavored whey-based drink elevated salivary flow, but had little effect on absolute concentration of sIgA and sIgA secretion rate in young karate players.

  17. Anger in Adolescent Boy Athletes: a Comparison among Judo, Karate, Swimming and Non Athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ziaee, Vahid; Lotfian, Sara; Amini, Homayoun; Mansournia, Mohammad-Ali; Memari, Amir-Hossein

    2012-03-01

    Karate and judo are originally Japanese martial arts which may have different influences on adolescents' behavior. This study was conducted to examine the total anger rate and its subscale-reactive anger, instrumental anger, and anger control-rates in young karateka and judoka. A cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 to 19-year old boys. Adolescents included in the study were judoka (n=70), karateka (n=66), swimmers (n=59), and non athletes (n=96). One stage cluster sampling method was used to select judoka, karateka, and swimmers from sport clubs in Tehran. Students of governmental schools at the same area were chosen as the non-athletes group. The "Adolescent Anger Rating Scale" questionnaire was utilized to assess the anger rate. The mean age of participants was 12.90(±2.06) years. The total anger rates were 45.40 (±5.61) in judoka, 41.53(±5.63) in karateka, 41.19(±5.33) in swimmers, and 45.44 (±8.58) in non athletes. In total anger scale karateka and swimmers had a significantly lower score compared to judoka and non athletes. In instrumental anger subscale the difference was significant just between karateka and non athletes. In reactive anger subscale judoka showed higher scores than swimmers. In anger control subscale the difference was significant between judoka and swimmers and also judoka and karateka. The difference of anger control between karateka and non athletes was significant. The findings of this study propose a difference in the anger rate between judoka and karateka. In contrary to the results of previous studies, judo training may have no influence on anger control, while karate training could be beneficial.

  18. Anger in Adolescent Boy Athletes: a Comparison Among Judo, Karate, Swimming and Non Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mohammad-Ali Mansournia

    2012-03-01

    Full Text Available Objective: Karate and judo are originally Japanese martial arts which may have different influences on adolescents’ behavior. This study was conducted to examine the total anger rate and its subscale-reactive anger, instrumental anger, and anger control-rates in young karateka and judoka.Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out in 11 to 19-year old boys. Adolescents included in the study were judoka (n=70, karateka (n=66, swimmers (n=59, and non athletes (n=96. One stage cluster sampling method was used to select judoka, karateka, and swimmers from sport clubs in Tehran. Students of governmental schools at the same area were chosen as the non-athletes group. The “Adolescent Anger Rating Scale” questionnaire was utilized to assess the anger rate.Findings: The mean age of participants was 12.90(±2.06 years. The total anger rates were 45.40 (±5.61 in judoka, 41.53(±5.63 in karateka, 41.19(±5.33 in swimmers, and 45.44 (±8.58 in non athletes. In total anger scale karateka and swimmers had a significantly lower score compared to judoka and non athletes. In instrumental anger subscale the difference was significant just between karateka and non athletes. In reactive anger subscale judoka showed higher scores than swimmers. In anger control subscale the difference was significant between judoka and swimmers and also judoka and karateka. The difference of anger control between karateka and non athletes was significant.Conclusion: The findings of this study propose a difference in the anger rate between judoka and karateka. In contrary to the results of previous studies, judo training may have no influence on anger control, while karate training could be beneficial.

  19. Effect of the techniques of karate on functional status and physical fitness of students of Flight Academy

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    Volodymir Galimskyi

    2015-02-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: to investigate the effect of the application of the techniques of karate on functional status and physical fitness of students of Flight Academy first year. Material and Methods: the study involved students of Flight Academy EG (pilots, n=25 and CG (rescuers, n=23. We determined the effect of the techniques of karate in physical fitness, running the 100 meters, bending and unbending hands ups, pull-ups on the bar, running 3,000 meters, 10 revolutions per gymnastic wheel; on functional status, body length, body weight, heart rate at rest, vital capacity, vital index (ml•kg–1 sample and test Stange and Ghencea. Results: revealed that the use of uniform and alternating load of running helped improve the outcome for 3000 m run and function of the respiratory system. Anaerobic subject to the techniques of karate contributed to increasing resistance to hypoxia. Conclusions: this study suggests the need to improve physical fitness of students by implementing motor activity of certain sports.

  20. Kekasaran dan Morfologi Hasil Pengelasan TIG Baja Tahan Karat 316 dengan Kadar Sulfur Berbeda

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Abdullah Shahab

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available The presence of impurities in stainless steel can unexpectedly create a problem in welding. The difference of a small amount of impurities, from heat to heat, can induce the inconsistency in welding especially in automatic welding. This study is conducted to asses the influence of sulfur content of the steel on morphology of weld which is represented by the variation of weld pool and surface roughness of weld. The effect of sulfur on surface roughness of weld is studied in TIG welding of 316 stainless steels with different sulfur content. The influence of sulfur on the weld geometry, characterized by the ratio of depth and width of the weld (D/W, is studied in welding with various parameters. The variation of the weld geometry is conjointly studied in relation to the surface roughness of weldment. The effect of sulfur is also studied using a stationary arc with different current and duration. The variation of the diameter of a circular pool and the degree of protuberance which possibly emerged beneath the specimen is related to the sulfur content of the steel. The results of the study show the salient effect of sulfur on the surface roughness of weld. The surface roughness of steel with high sulfur content always more perturbed than that of steel with lower one; the different movement of liquid, characteristic of these two steels is posited to explain the difference. Greater degree of roughness is accompanied by a greater value of the ratio D/W. The results of the study with stationary arc show some points of a paramount importance. The effect of sulfur which hitherto considered advantageous to the formation of a weld with a higher ratio of D/W, turn out to be effective only in a specific range of welding parameters. In a different range, the weld geometry is more influenced by the arc characteristic, the anode spot. Abstract in Bahasa Indonesia: Keberadaan elemen impuritis dalam baja tahan karat seringkali tanpa diduga bisa menimbulkan masalah

  1. KARAT-LAMBDA - frequency dependent ray-traced troposphere delays for space applications

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hobiger, Thomas; Baron, Philippe

    2014-05-01

    Space-geodetic microwave techniques work under the assumption that the only dispersive, i.e. frequency dependent delay contribution is caused by the ionosphere. In general, the refractivity, even for the troposphere, is a complex quantity which can be denoted as N = N0 + (N'(f) + i N''(f)) where N0 is a frequency independent term, and N'(f) and N''(f) represent the complex frequency dependence. Thereby, the imaginary part can be used to derive the loss of energy (absorption) and the real part can be assigned to the changes in the propagation velocity (refraction) and thus describes the delay of an electromagnetic wave which propagates through that medium. Although the frequency dependent delay contribution appears to be of small order, one has to consider that signals are propagating through few kilometers of troposphere at high elevations to hundredths of kilometers at low elevations. Therefore, the Kashima Ray-Tracing package (Hobiger et al., 2008) has been modified (and named KARAT-LAMBDA) to enable the consideration of a frequency dependent refractivity. By using this tool, it was studied if and to which extent future space geodetic instruments are affected from dispersive troposphere delays. Moreover, a semi-empirical correction model for the microwave link of the Atomic Clock Ensemble in Space (ACES) has been developed, based on ray-tracing calculations with KARAT-LAMBDA. The proposed model (Hobiger et al., 2013) has been tested with simulated ISS overflights at different potential ACES ground station sites and it could be demonstrated that this model is capable to remove biases and elevation dependent features caused by the dispersive troposphere delay difference between the up-link and down-link. References: T. Hobiger, R. Ichikawa, T. Kondo, and Y. Koyama (2008), Fast and accurate ray-tracing algorithms for real-time space geodetic applications using numerical weather models, Journal of Geophysical Research, vol. 113, iss. D203027, pp. 1-14. T. Hobiger, D

  2. Intra-limb coordination in karate kicking: Effect of impacting or not impacting a target.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Quinzi, Federico; Sbriccoli, Paola; Alderson, Jacqueline; Di Mario, Alberto; Camomilla, Valentina

    2014-02-01

    This study aimed to investigate the kicking limb coordinative patterns adopted by karate practitioners (karateka) when impacting (IRK), or not impacting (NIRK) a target during a roundhouse kick. Six karateka performed three repetitions of both kicks while kicking limb kinematics were recorded using a stereophotogrammetric system. Intra-limb coordination was quantified for hip and knee flexion-extension from toe-off to kick completion, using the Continuous relative phase (CRP). Across the same time interval, thigh and shank angular momentum about the vertical axis of the body was calculated. For all trials, across all participants, CRP curve peaks and maximum and minimum angular momentum were determined. A RM-ANOVA was performed to test for differences between kicking conditions. The CRP analysis highlighted, during the central portion of both kicks, a delayed flexion of the hip with respect to the knee. Conversely, during the terminal portion of the CRP curves, the NIRK is performed with a more in-phase action, caused by a higher hip angular displacement. The NIRK is characterized by a lower angular momentum which may enhance control of the striking limb. It would seem that the issue of no impact appears to be solved through the control of all segments of the kicking limb, in contrast to the primary control of the lower leg only observed during the IRK.

  3. ANÁLISIS TÉCNICO DE KARATECAS DE NIVEL NACIONAL DURANTE LA COMPETICIÓN DE KUMITE Technical analysis of karate expert during Kumite competition

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Miguel Gómez-Valadés Horrillo

    2013-02-01

    Full Text Available Diversos estudios han analizado el karate para intentar aumentar el rendimiento de los deportistas implicados, mediante la evaluación del trabajo técnico, tanto en condiciones experimentales, como en situación real. El objetivo de este estudio fue el análisis del rendimiento de los karatecas en situación real de competición, identificando cuáles son las técnicas más eficaces. Se observaron 20 combates de karate de nivel nacional, de la categoría absoluta, donde fueron registradas todas las acciones técnicas realizadas. Los karatecas utilizaban más técnicas de puño que de patadas. La forma que tienen de realizar la mayoría de las técnicas, fue mediante el ataque, siendo la táctica con la que más se puntuaba. La técnica más utilizada en combate fue el gyaku tsuki, aunque la más efectiva fue el kizami tsuki derecho. La técnica de pierna más utilizada fue el mawasi geri. También se observó una falta de eficacia en las técnicas realizadas, ya que un gran porcentaje de técnicas no consiguieron puntuar. Estos resultados pueden ayudar a mejorar el entrenamiento para la competición de karate, sobre todo orientando dicho entrenamiento cada vez más a situaciones reales de competición.    Several studies have analyzed Karate in order to increase the athlete’s performance through assessment of the karate skills in experimental and real situation. The aim of this study was the analysis of karate expert performance in real situation, trying to identify what skills are most effectively. 20 combats of national contest were observed in senior category. All technical and tactical actions were recorded and categorized. Punches skills were more used than kicks skills by karate experts, and the way of carry out techniques was through attack. The most effective strategy was the attack. The most used technique was gyaku tsuki, although most effective one was right kizami tsuki. Leg technique most used was mawasi geri. A lack of

  4. 德国Canton新旗舰Karat Reference 2 DC音箱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    资料室

    2003-01-01

    @@ 德国Canton(金榜)公司近期隆重推出新旗舰产品Karat Reference2 DC,该音箱产品配置了一只1英寸半球顶铝镁合金震膜高音单元,两只7英寸铝镁合金音盆中音单元,一只12英寸石墨涂层纸盆低音单元和一只12英寸平面振膜低音辐射单元,频率相应18Hz~30kHz,灵敏度88dB,箱体尺寸:1200高×300宽×530深(mm),重量63kg/只,配置的单元、分频器和箱体的设计凝聚了金榜公司多年来新开发的尖端技术,无不闪现着科技与艺术共冶一炉的高贵美感,因而在美国拉斯维加斯2003CES展就捕获了众多惊羡的目光;该产品更获得德国、法国、英国权威音响杂志众多的奖项和热评,并被美国发烧天书作为封面推荐产品.

  5. Contact Karate Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in Young Adult Males

    Science.gov (United States)

    Magalhaes Sales, Marcelo; Victor de Sousa, Caio; Barbosa Sampaio, Wellington; Ernesto, Carlos; Alberto Vieira Browne, Rodrigo; Fernando Vila Nova de Moraes, Jose; Motta-Santos, Daisy; Rocha Moraes, Milton; Eugene Lewis, John; Gustavo Simões, Herbert; Martins da Silva, Francisco

    2016-01-01

    Background Worldwide, systemic arterial hypertension is a leading cause of death and non-communicable cardiovascular disease. A major factor contributing to this disease is a sedentary lifestyle. However, physical exercise, such as martial arts, may be an option for blood pressure (BP) control. The magnitude of post-exercise hypotension is associated with a prolonged decrease in BP in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Objectives The present study aimed to verify the effects of a Contact Karate (CK) session on BP responses during a post-exercise recovery period in young adults. Patients and Methods Thirty-two male CK athletes volunteered (28.2 ± 6.7 years; 77.0 ± 5.7 kg; and 176.0 ± 4.7 cm) and underwent one CK session (50 minutes) and a control session in which no exercise was performed and the individuals remain seated during the whole time. BP was measured during rest (before sessions), as well as on the 15th, 30th, 45th, and 60th minutes of the post-exercise recovery. Results The systolic (SBP), diastolic (DBP), and mean arterial pressure (MAP) were significantly lower at the post-exercise period compared to pre-exercise rest (P < 0.05), with the largest reductions being observed at the 60th minutes of recovery [SBP (rest: 125.9 ± 4.7 vs. 60th minutes of recovery: 111.7 ± 5.4 mmHg); DBP (rest: 78.8 ± .7 vs. 60th minutes of recovery: 69.8 ± 2.7 mmHg)] and at the same periods of post-exercise recovery of the control session. Conclusions A single CK session can promote a decrease in BP for at least 60 minutes after performing this type of exercise in young adults. PMID:27826399

  6. Contact Karate Promotes Post-Exercise Hypotension in Young Adult Males

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Magalhaes Sales

    2016-05-01

    Full Text Available Background Worldwide, systemic arterial hypertension is a leading cause of death and non-communicable cardiovascular disease. A major factor contributing to this disease is a sedentary lifestyle. However, physical exercise, such as martial arts, may be an option for blood pressure (BP control. The magnitude of post-exercise hypotension is associated with a prolonged decrease in BP in normotensive and hypertensive individuals. Objectives The present study aimed to verify the effects of a Contact Karate (CK session on BP responses during a post-exercise recovery period in young adults. Patients and Methods Thirty-two male CK athletes volunteered (28.2 ± 6.7 years; 77.0 ± 5.7 kg; and 176.0 ± 4.7 cm and underwent one CK session (50 minutes and a control session in which no exercise was performed and the individuals remain seated during the whole time. BP was measured during rest (before sessions, as well as on the 15th, 30th, 45th, and 60th minutes of the post-exercise recovery. Results The systolic (SBP, diastolic (DBP, and mean arterial pressure (MAP were significantly lower at the post-exercise period compared to pre-exercise rest (P < 0.05, with the largest reductions being observed at the 60th minutes of recovery [SBP (rest: 125.9 ± 4.7 vs. 60th minutes of recovery: 111.7 ± 5.4 mmHg; DBP (rest: 78.8 ± .7 vs. 60th minutes of recovery: 69.8 ± 2.7 mmHg] and at the same periods of post-exercise recovery of the control session. Conclusions A single CK session can promote a decrease in BP for at least 60 minutes after performing this type of exercise in young adults.

  7. 新规则实施对空手道裁判员执裁的影响%Effect of Karate New Rules on Referee's Judging

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马波

    2014-01-01

    World karate alliance (WKF) promulgated "the karate rules of the game" that up-to-date modification examined and approved in December, 2011. Regulation is the guide who structures training and competition system, and the referee's understanding and implementation of the rules is the core of the competition. The higher the referee's judging level, the higher the athlete's competition level. By contrast and analysis of new and old regulation, this paper aims to improve professional competence of China's karate referee, and thus drive the beneficial development of karate moves in China.%世界空手道联盟(WKF)2011年12月颁布最新修改审定的《空手道比赛规则》。规则是构建训练和比赛体系的向导,裁判员对规则的理解和执行是比赛的核心:裁判员执裁水平越高,运动员比赛水平就越高。通过对新旧规则主要内容的对比和分析,提高我国空手道裁判员的业务水平,由此带动我国空手道运动的良性发展。

  8. Study the Attitude, Knowledge and Experience of Coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic Of Iran toward Sport Psychology Counseling

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shahnaz Sheikh Rahmati

    2017-04-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was study the attitude, knowledge and experience of coaches of Karate Federation Islamic Republic of Iran toward sport psychology counseling. For this purpose, 150 official coaches (75 women and 75 men of karate Federation of Islamic Republic of Iran who had grade 1 and 2 of certified coach and had participated in the senior Championships of Iran, championship adolescents of young people and under 21 years, national team qualifiers and teams participating in premier League, had participated in this research as individual. In order to collect the required information the researcher made and the research questionnaire Sports coaches on sports psychology was used. Research results by using a two variable Pearson correlation coefficient showed that there is meaningful relationship between experience and attitude to sport psychology consulting and as well as between knowledge and attitudes toward sport psychology consulting that is (p=0.001,p=0.001 respectively. also results of research using independent t-tests showed that there is not meaningful relationship between male and female attitudes towards sport psychology consulting (p=0.207 while there is meaningful difference between adult and youth educators' attitudes towards sports psychology counseling (p=0.001. It seems that according to common concerns that exist between coaches and athletes perhaps existence sport psychology can be effective to athletes and coaches in reducing stress and achieve the desired result.

  9. Professional karate-do and mixed martial arts fighters present with a high prevalence of temporomandibular disorders.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bonotto, Daniel; Namba, Eli Luis; Veiga, Danielle Medeiros; Wandembruck, Fernanda; Mussi, Felipe; Afonso Cunali, Paulo; Ribeiro Rosa, Edvaldo Antonio; Azevedo-Alanis, Luciana Reis

    2016-08-01

    Facial trauma in sports has been associated with temporomandibular disorders. Because of the intensity and duration of training needed for elite-level competitions, high-performance athletes can have two to five times more traumatic injuries than recreational athletes. This study aimed to investigate the prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in high-performance martial arts fighters and compare it with the prevalence in recreational athletes and non-athletes. The Research Diagnostic Criteria for Temporomandibular Disorders was used to diagnose and classify professional karate-do practitioners (group I; n = 24), amateur karate-do practitioners (group II; n = 17), high-performance mixed martial arts fighters (group III; n = 13), and non-athletes (n = 28). The groups were compared with the chi-square test and tested for the difference between two proportions using a significance level of 5% (P 0.05). A diagnosis of arthralgia from disk displacement was made more frequently in groups I (45.8%; P = 0.013) and III (38.5%; P = 0.012) than in group IV (7.1%). The chronic pain associated with TMD was low intensity and low disability. While there was a high prevalence of temporomandibular disorders in the professional athletes in our study, the prevalence of the condition in recreational athletes was similar to that in individuals who did not practice martial arts. © 2015 John Wiley & Sons A/S. Published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd.

  10. POTÊNCIA E CAPACIDADE ANAERÓBIA EM ATLETAS DE KARATE

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    Keith Sato Urbinati

    2011-01-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo do presente estudo foi verificar o nível de potência muscular, bem como a intensidade de esforço durante prova de potência e capacidade anaeróbia em atletas de Karate. Participaram do estudo treze karatekas especialistas em prova de kumitê (luta,sexo masculino, idade média de 20,7±3,79 anos. Realizou-se a avaliação de potência e capacidade anaeróbia (Wingate test, com coleta das variáveis fisiológicas:frequência cardíaca (FC, pressão arterial (PA e lactato sanguíneo (LAC de repouso, imediatamente após e em 5 min de recuperação. Para verificar se ocorrem diferenças nas variáveis fisiológicas durante o teste, realizou-se análise de variância, post hoc de Bonferronie (p?0,05. Verificou-se potência de pico(PP de 8,77 ± 0,99 W/kg-1, potência média (PM de 5,13± 0,49 W.kg-1 e % de fadiga de 50,5 ± 6,45%. Para as variáveis fisiológicas,a FC (F=9,79; p=0,00 pós-teste de Wingate foi estatisticamente maior e diferenteda FC de repouso e recuperação. Não foram encontradas diferenças nos níveis pressatórios e nas concentrações de LAC. Em relação aos valores de FC e LAC tais variáveis pós-teste não se apresentaram elevados. Os valores de potência anaeróbia estão de acordo com a necessidade da modalidade esportiva. Assim, verificou-se menores intensidades de esforço em teste de Wingate quando comparados a de situação real de competição. O nível de potência muscular parece estar adequado ao kumitê.

  11. A Comparative Study on Attacking Footwork of Chinese Karate and European Karate AthIetes%中、欧男子空手道运动员进攻步法运用对比研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈新富

    2015-01-01

    文章运用文献资料法、专家访谈法、观察法和数理统计法等研究方法,对第21届世界空手道锦标赛中欧洲男子运动员的12场比赛和2014年全国空手道冠军赛12场男子比赛中进攻步法使用情况进行对比研究。研究结果显示:(1)欧洲运动员进攻步法技术灵活多变,而我国运动员表现出使用种类单一特征;(2)在使用步法的战术形式选择数量上欧洲运动员明显高于我国运动员;(3)从成功率来看,我国运动员的技战术水平逐渐得到提升。%Using the methods of literature, expert interview, observation, and mathematical statistics, the article studies comparatively the men athletes 12 games in the 21st World Karate Tournament European and the 2014 National Karate Championship offensive moves in 12 men matches. The results show that:(1) the European players’ attack technology is flexible footwork, but Chinese athletes show the types of using single feature; (2) in the use of footwork, European athletes are significantly higher than those in the number of tactics to choose athletes in China;(3)from the point of success rate, Chinese athlete's technology and tactics level improved gradually.

  12. K金首饰中镍含量与镍释放量关系研究%Relationship between Nickel Content and Nickel Release in Karat Gold Jewelry

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    杨鹔; 王浩杰; 张帆; 王鑫磊; 蔡薇; 黄成; 方志惠; 韩冰; 曹小勇

    2016-01-01

    我国的K金首饰包括9K、14K、18K、22K几类,通常K金首饰是在主体为黄金的基础上按照惊定比例含量掺入部分杂质元素,若其中的镍含量过高发生镍释放,可能导致佩戴人过敏。采用XRF愘光光谱惖检测饰品中的含镍量,悁究K金饰品含镍量值与镍释放量间的关系。设定定性方法测试K金首饰中镍含量5%为镍释放量的愄性值的阀值,筛恒K金首饰的镍释放量是否符合悹求,再确定进行镍释放量定量检测。结果表明,对于饰品镍含量<5%的产品,可惣不进行镍释放量的检测;对于饰品镍含量5%~10%的产品,可惣恒择部分产品进行镍释放量检测;对于饰品镍含量>10%的产品,都总悹定量检测镍释放量。%Karat gold jewelry including 9K, 14K, 18K and 22K in China. Usually, Karat gold jewelry is made up of gold mixed with some impurity elements. Nickel can release from the high nickel content jewelry, and it can cause allergy. The relationship between the content of nickel and nickel release quantity of the karat gold were set up after the content of nickel was detected by XRF. Set a threshold of nickel release quantity of 5% in qualitative methods to test karat gold jewelry. Quantitative detect the nickel release quantity of the filtered karat gold jewelry. The results showed that, it is unnecessary to detect nickel release quantity when nickel content in Karat gold jewelry is less than 5%, part of the nickel release quantity should be detected when nickel content ranged 5%~10%, and the nickel release quantity must be detected when nickel content is higher than 10%.

  13. A karate program for improving self-concept and quality of life in childhood epilepsy: results of a pilot study.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Conant, Kerry D; Morgan, Amy K; Muzykewicz, David; Clark, Derrick C; Thiele, Elizabeth A

    2008-01-01

    The potential cognitive and psychosocial effects of childhood epilepsy have significant implications for a child's self-image and academic achievement. This study focuses on a 10-week karate program for children and adolescents with epilepsy aimed at increasing social confidence, self-concept, and quality of life, as well as reducing parental anxiety. Eleven children (8-16 years old) and their parents participated in this questionnaire study, and complete data were available for nine of these families. Measures consisted of the Piers-Harris Children's Self-Concept Scale, the Quality of Life in Childhood Epilepsy (QOLCE) questionnaire, and the Parental Stress Index. By parental report, significant improvement in memory function and largely positive trends in quality of life on multiple subscales were observed. By child report, intellectual self-esteem and social confidence also improved. Parental stress decreased, although not significantly, suggesting a potential benefit and indicating a role for future interventions targeting family anxiety.

  14. Anthropometric features and body composition of young athletes practicing karate at a high and medium competitive level.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Giampietro, M; Pujia, A; Bertini, I

    2003-10-01

    The aim of the study was to examine the anthropometric features and body composition of athletes practising karate at a high and medium competitive level. Our study was carried out on a sample of 35 subjects practising karate and aged from 16.0 to 32.5 years. This sample was divided into two groups: group 1 ( n=14 elite athletes) and group 2 ( n=21 amateur athletes). Various anthropometric measurements were taken (weight, height both standing and sitting, diameters, circumferences and skinfold thickness) from which different anthropometric indices were calculated (body mass index, Scelic and Grant indices, arm muscle circumference and area), and the somatotype was then determined. The body composition of each subject was assessed using the skinfold technique and the Jackson-Pollock (J-P) and Sloan-Weir (S-W) equations. The two groups of athletes showed very similar measurements regarding anthropometric characteristics. Only the Scelix index presented a significantly different value in the two groups (49.6+/-1.3 for group 1 vs. 51.1+/-1.3 for group 2; psomatotype, while the amateur athletes presented a balanced mesomorphic type. Moreover, a lower percentage of fat mass was more frequent in the first group (J-P=8.1+/-2.4%; S-W=8.9+/-3.3%) than in the second one (J-P=9.8+/-1.6%; S-W=11.2+/-3.7%), although the differences between the two groups were not significant. We conclude that group 1 is characterized by a slightly prominent vertical development of the skeletal frame. This could be an anthropometric characteristic that is best suited to meet the specific functional requirements of this sport. Moreover, both groups of athletes are characterized by a low percentage of fat mass, particularly the elite group.

  15. A biomechanical analysis of the roundhouse kicking technique of expert practitioners: A comparison between the martial arts disciplines of Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gavagan, Colin J; Sayers, Mark G L

    2017-01-01

    The purpose of this study was first, to determine whether there were differences in the roundhouse kicking leg kinematics performed by highly skilled Muay Thai, Karate and Taekwondo practitioners (n = 8 per group). Next, analysis aimed to identify the kinematic determinants of effective roundhouse kicking performance. Three-dimensional (3D) lower limb kinematics were recorded using a nine camera infra-red motion capture system (500 Hz) during three maximal roundhouse kicks. Impact forces were recorded using a strain gauge (1000 Hz) attached to a kicking pad positioned at the height of each participant's mastoid process. Results showed that linear foot velocity at impact was moderately correlated with relative impact force (r = 0.66, P = 0.001). Discipline specific analyses of the temporal data indicated that the Muay Thai group had a shorter execution time (1.02 ± 0.15 s) than Taekwondo (1.54 ± 0.52 s, P = 0.028). Analysis of lower limb kinematic data indicated that both Karate (-947 ± 94 deg/s, P = 0.010) and Taekwondo (-943 ± 106 deg/s, P = 0.011) practitioners had faster knee extension velocities than the Muay Thai group (-706 ± 200 deg/s). Conversely, the Muay Thai practitioners (1.24 ± 0.15 m/s) had greater vertical centre of mass movement than both Karate (0.78 ± 0.24 m/s, P = 0.001) and Taekwondo groups (0.93 ± 0.19 m/s, P = 0.02). Our findings show that several fundamental movement patterns were common to the roundhouse kicking techniques across the Muay Thai, Karate, and Taekwondo disciplines. Effective roundhouse kicking performance was characterized by rapid pelvic axial rotation, hip abduction, hip flexion and knee extension velocities, combined with rapid movements of the COM towards the target.

  16. PREDICTOR VALIDITY OF MORPHOLOGICAL AND BASIC MOTOR VARIABLES FOR ASSESSMENT AND MONITORING OF THE KARATE PUNCH WITH THE LEAD ARM (OI-TSUKI

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    D.V. Doder

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to determine the influence of morphological and basic motor variables on the karate forward punch (oi tsuki as the only criterion variable, and secondly, to design a test battery for the assessment and monitoring of boys in karate, based on the predictive validity of the tested variables. A system of 25 variables in total – 12 morphological, 12 basic motor (the system of predictor variables and 1 variable of situational moving structure (criterion variable, i.e. the karate punch with the lead arm (oi-tsuki – was applied on a sample of 82 karate trainees aged between 10 and 14. The results of regression analysis showed that a system of morphological and basic motor variables had a significant impact on punching with the lead arm (p<0.01. The stepwise method identified the largest individual value in the case of morphological variables of arm length, upper arm skinfold and body mass at the level of significance p<0.01, whereas basic motor variables (long jump from a standing start and half squat with weight also have a level of significance p<0.01. This shows that respondents with longer arms, less subcutaneous fat tissue on the upper arm, higher body mass and greater static and explosive strength of the lower extremities achieve better results. Determining predictor validity by regression analysis and the stepwise method is employed in order to diagnose, assess, monitor and evaluate the direct punch with the lead arm, so the next battery of measurement instruments can be constructed: arm length, upper arm skinfold, body mass, half squat with weight, long jump from a standing position.

  17. On Karate's"Control"in Competitive Scope%竞技视域下空手道运动中“控”的探骊

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    封又民; 孔柏梅

    2013-01-01

      “控”是空手道运动的重要技术特征,对空手道组手比赛获胜起着至关重要的作用。文章运用文献资料法、田野调查法、录像分析法与专家访谈法,对空手道组手比赛中“控”的运用状况进行了分析与阐述,得出在空手道组手比赛中合理有效的对人的因素(自身、对手、裁判员、教练员、观众)与物的因素(场地、规则)控制是获取比赛胜利的核心环节。%"Control"is an important part of Karate technical features, which plays an essential role in Karate combating. The paper analyzes and discusses the utilization of Control in Karate combating through reading of documents, field survey, video analysis and expert interview, finding that reasonable and effective control over human factors (self, rival, referee, coach, audience) and material factors(field, rule) is the key link in achieving triumph.

  18. As idéias psicopedagógicas e a espiritualidade no karate-do segundo a obra de Gichin Funakoshi

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Barreira Cristiano Roque Antunes

    2003-01-01

    Full Text Available O karate é uma forma de luta com origens remotas, pouco conhecidas e marcado desenvolvimento na ilha de Okinawa do arquipélago japonês. Outrora praticado às escondidas, no século XX Gichin Funakoshi tornou-o público e o difundiu. Partiu de Funakoshi a denominação karate-do, "o caminho das mãos vazias", que dá um caráter doutrinário à arte que deveria servir, mais do que como mera forma de luta, ao desenvolvimento da personalidade. Procura-se fazer um resgate teórico das idéias psicopedagógicas e da espiritualidade próprias do karate sob a luz dos paradigmas culturais de maior influência no pensamento de Funakoshi. Observa-se claramente a influência e complementaridade entre confucionismo e zen-budismo além da herança prática do bushidô que permitem compreender o pensamento de Funakoshi acerca da espiritualidade e transmissão do conhecimento.

  19. Characteristics of the effect of insecticide karate on the metabolism of the nucleic acids and proteins in the subcellular fractions of the liver and intestine

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Mukaddas Khamrakulova

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Karate is contact insecticide from the group of pyrethroids, its chemical formulae C23H19ClF3NO3, molecular mass 449.9. (1-RS-cis-2.2-dimethyl-3-(3.3.3-triphtoro-2chloropropanyl-cyclopropan of the carbonic acid-1 (RS-α-cyano-3-phenoxybenzolic ether. Purpose of this work was to study effect of insecticide Karate on the contents of DNA and RNA and total protein in the subcellular elements of the liver and intestinal mucosa in white rats.Experiments were performed on the outbred white rats of mass 120-250 g in 2 stages. Analysis of the results obtained showed that in acute poisoning with pesticide Karate the acute decrease in RNA and DNA occurred in the subcellular elements of liver and intestine mucosa during the first 7 days of experiment with subsequent normalization of the levels during the following 7 and 15 days. In chronic poisoning the number of RNA in the studied hepatic biomedium decreased in the homogenate to 66.47 and 55%, in the nucleic fractions to 64-62.5%, and in the supernatant fluid - to 52.6-48%; and in the small intestine - from 55.6% to 64.6%, respectively, according to the time of experiment. The DNA level reduced from 20% to 55%. In acute and chronic poisoning with pesticides of group pyrethroids, concentration of nucleic acids sharply reduced in the elements of liver and intestinal mucosa, that indicated about possibility of the inhibition of the DNA and RNA synthesis, which effect on the synthesis of protein in the cells.

  20. 从散打与空手道的对比浅析散打运动发展%On the Development of Sanda Compared with Karate

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张蕾; 马骜

    2012-01-01

      With the methods of literature, comparative study, logical analysis, and interviews, the paper does the comparative analysis of Sanda and karate, about their features. In the past 30 years of Sanda development, the aim of promoting Sanda into Olympic Games, the changes and reform of Sanda game rules, all promotes the development of Sanda. Intaking the adavantages from Karate and its success experiences of world development, Chinese Sanda has gotten better inferences form Karate for its reform and better development. The study furtherly studies the developing trend and strategies of Sanda, througn compared with Karate, puts forward some suggestions for Sanda reform and further development.%  文章运用文献资料法、比较法、逻辑分析法、访谈法,对散打与空手道二者的技术特点进行了比较,在散打经过30多年的发展中,特别是最近的几年里,以推动散打进入奥运会为出发点,从规则的制定,技术的规定等多方面进行了改革,促进了散打的发展,并且吸收了空手道运动项目优势以及能在世界上得到成功推广的经验,为我国散打运动的改革与发展提出了很好的参考借鉴。文章进一步对今后散打运动的发展方向、策略进行了认真的探讨研究,通过散打与空手道的对比,对散打运动的发展现状提出结论与建议

  1. Predicting punching acceleration from selected strength and power variables in elite karate athletes: a multiple regression analysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Loturco, Irineu; Artioli, Guilherme Giannini; Kobal, Ronaldo; Gil, Saulo; Franchini, Emerson

    2014-07-01

    This study investigated the relationship between punching acceleration and selected strength and power variables in 19 professional karate athletes from the Brazilian National Team (9 men and 10 women; age, 23 ± 3 years; height, 1.71 ± 0.09 m; and body mass [BM], 67.34 ± 13.44 kg). Punching acceleration was assessed under 4 different conditions in a randomized order: (a) fixed distance aiming to attain maximum speed (FS), (b) fixed distance aiming to attain maximum impact (FI), (c) self-selected distance aiming to attain maximum speed, and (d) self-selected distance aiming to attain maximum impact. The selected strength and power variables were as follows: maximal dynamic strength in bench press and squat-machine, squat and countermovement jump height, mean propulsive power in bench throw and jump squat, and mean propulsive velocity in jump squat with 40% of BM. Upper- and lower-body power and maximal dynamic strength variables were positively correlated to punch acceleration in all conditions. Multiple regression analysis also revealed predictive variables: relative mean propulsive power in squat jump (W·kg-1), and maximal dynamic strength 1 repetition maximum in both bench press and squat-machine exercises. An impact-oriented instruction and a self-selected distance to start the movement seem to be crucial to reach the highest acceleration during punching execution. This investigation, while demonstrating strong correlations between punching acceleration and strength-power variables, also provides important information for coaches, especially for designing better training strategies to improve punching speed.

  2. The relationship of psychophysiological characteristics karate qualifications in light weight category with the effective implementation of kick leg techniques in upper level of the opponent

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vladimir Saienko

    2015-04-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: set the density of the relationship of psycho-physiological characteristics of karate qualifications in light weight category with the efficiency of the implementation of kick leg techniques in the upper level of the opponent. Material and Methods: The study involved thirty highly skilled karatekas in light weight category. Conducted pedagogical and psychophysiological testing, carried out an analysis of competitive actions, carried out a special analysis of scientific and methodical literature, applied the methods of mathematical statistics. Results: The degree of correlation between the obtained numerical results of psycho-physiological characteristics and indicators of the effectiveness different types of gradient kicking karate qualifications in light weight category in upper level of the opponent. Conclusions: karatekas high qualifications in light weight category, the higher the strength of neural processes in the processing of information in the imposed rhythm, the more reliable in a competitive match under implementation methods kick leg them with maximum power and speed-up in upper level of the opponent, and at the higher they characteristic of functional mobility of nervous processes in the processing of information in the imposed rhythm, the greater the likelihood of fighters attacking moves fast.

  3. A prática pedagógica dos mestres de caratê da Grande Vitória - ES Pedagogical Practice Among Karate Instructors in the greater Vitória (ES area La práctica pedagógica de los experts del karate de Grande Vitória (ES.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    2008-03-01

    Full Text Available Este estudo se propõe investigar o tipo de prática de ensino dos ‘mestres’ de caratê nas academias da Grande Vitória (ES. A metodologia adotada consistiu da coleta de dados por meio da observação e da aplicação de entrevistas estruturadas. Os dados coletados evidenciaram que os conteúdos são tratados de maneira dogmática; a metodologia é baseada na explicação oral e demonstrações do professor; a relação professor-aluno favoreceu as decisões unilaterais do professor; na avaliação verifica-se a exatidão das técnicas ensinadas. Em síntese, pode-se concluir que a presença dos valores da tradição e do esporte nas aulas de caratê são fatores impeditivos para adoção de práticas pedagógicas mais críticas e significativas. This research work aims at investigating teaching practices among karate instructors in the gyms of the greater Vitoria area (ES. The adopted methodology consists of data collection through observation, and structured interviewing. The collected data show that contents are treated in a dogmatic manner; methodology is based on oral explanations and teacher demonstrations; the teacher-student relationship favors one-sided decisions made by the teacher; examinations verify accuracy of techniques taught. In a summary, one can conclude that the presence of tradition and sports values in karate lessons is a blocking factor to the adoption of more critical and meaningful pedagogical practices.
    Keywords: karate – sport pedagogy – pedagogical practices. Este estudio propone investigar el tipo de práctica de enseñanza de los “expert” en karate en las academias de Grande Vitória (ES. La metodología adoptada consistió en la recolección de datos por medio de la observación y de la aplicación de entrevistas estructuradas. Los datos reunidos evidencian que los contenidos son tratados de una manera dogmática; la metodología es basada en la explicación oral y las demostraciones del profesor

  4. Studying the relationship between leadership style of coaches and sportsmanship commitment of athletes (A case study of professional athletes in I.R. I. Karate Super League

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Shafiee Shahram

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: Today, when a group of people trying to reach the goal, manager and leader usually undertake the responsibility of the group. Coach renders influence on team members, while athletes work hard to achieve team goals. The purpose of the present study is relationship between leadership styles of coaches and sports actions of karate athletes. Material: The present study involves all active athletes of Super League karate in 91-92 season (N=100. The statistical sample was equal to statistical population (N=n. In order to collect information we used leadership style questionnaire Bos and Avlio (MLQ and questionnaire of Scanlan & et al (SCMS. Internal validity questionnaire was approved by university professors and its reliability - by Cronbach's alpha test 0.86, and 0.79. Also for data analysis we used descriptive indicators of mean and standard deviation. Preliminary analysis of data proved normaldistribution by Kolmogorov-Smirnov test. And then, we used measurements by Pearson, Spearman, Mann-Whitney U, Wilcoxon T, Friedman correlation coefficient of significance level (P<0.05. Results: there are significant differences between athletes’ results and styles of leadership. There is significant correlation between the results with style Attraction (0.000, Idealized Influence (0.000, Inspirational (0.001, Intellectual stimulation (0.007, Individualized consideration (0.017, Exception Active (0.008 and Laissez-faire (0.041 (P< 0.05. Conclusions: for increased of athletes' results coach should use style Attraction, Idealized Influence , Inspirational , Intellectual stimulation , Individualized consideration, Exception Active and if coach wants to see success of his athletes at athletic fields he should comply the applied styles with sportsmen’s results.

  5. 空手道中段击在比赛中的运用与分析%The Use And Analysis Of The Karate Middle Of The Strike In The Game

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李际麟; 李鑫

    2012-01-01

    Through access to relevant literature,technology and video statistics compared to watch video on karate competition,this paper studies the use of technology by karate athletes in the game,to deepen understanding of the importance of the middle of the strike.Karate video technology data,analysis and comparison of obtained in a karate competition,the middle of the strike is the most important score means a great influence on the athletes winning a competition.On this basis,the analysis of the middle hit the winning technical reasons and the direction of future development,and the middle of the hit combination of technology training and competition.%通过查阅相关资料文献,技术录像统计法对空手道比赛录像进行对比观看,来研究空手道运动员在比赛中的技术运用,加深对中段击重要性的认识。根据空手道比赛录像技术数据进行分析对比,得出在空手道比赛中,中段击是最主要的得分手段,对运动员比赛胜负的影响很大。在此基础上,分析了中段击获胜的技术原因及未来发展方向,并进一步提出了中段击组合技术在训练及比赛中的地位。

  6. 2015年全国空手道冠军赛技战术使用情况及对策研究%2015 the National Karate Championship Usage of Tactics and Countermeasures Research

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    冯兰兰

    2016-01-01

    To promote the development of the karate in China,the understanding of the present status of the karate tactics, by using the method of literature study,video observation method,mathematical statistics method randomly 2015 national karate championship in 20 games,expectation and scores of game statistics and analysis,to promote the development of karate sports in our country to provide theoretical reference.%我国自2006年开展空手道运动以来,发展迅速,虽起步晚,但通过几年的不懈努力,已经多次在世界级大赛上崭露头角,多次取得骄人的成绩。与其他开展较早的国家相比,我国空手道后备力量相对较为薄弱,与强国之间还有一定差距。为促进空手道在我国的发展,了解目前我国空手道技战术的发展现状,随机抽取2015年全国空手道冠军赛中20场比赛视频,对比赛中的技战术使用及得分情况进行统计与分析,旨在为了解空手道目前技战术的发展趋势,及推动空手道运动在我国的发展提供理论性参考。

  7. Efectos beneficiosos del karate sobre la propiocepcion y la coordinación en jóvenes con síndrome de Down: seguimiento a dos años

    OpenAIRE

    Garrido, F.; Garcia, P.

    2015-01-01

    Objetivos: Establecer el impacto de las artes marciales en el desarrollo de habilidades motores, especificamente sobre la propriocepcion, en jovenes afectados por Sindrome de Down. Diseño: 7 adolescentes participan en este estudio en el que su control postural es evaluado secuencialmente antes, durante y tras dos años de entrenamiento en karate. Se adaptaron tres test (Test de Burpee, Flamingo y Velocidad del Movimiento de Brazo)para realizar un analisis de la propriocepcion. ...

  8. Experimental Study on Effect of Karate Exercise on Anaerobic Capacity%空手道训练对人体无氧工作能力影响的实验研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    孙强; 刘健; 胡义忠

    2012-01-01

    In order to discuss the effect of karate exercise on anaerobic capacity, this paper makes 30s Wingate test on 24 elite kara- te players. The results showed: 1 )Karate exercise could improve the energy supply of phosphate and the anaerobic power value, quicken the velocity of startup, which had significant difference of different gender and training level ;2)The 30s Wingate test could reflect the anaerobic power value of elite karate players but it couldnt reflect the anaerobic capacity of elite karate players, so the test time should be prolonged;3)The weight affected the anaerobic power of 30s Wingate test. To impersonality evaluate the anaerobic capacity of elite karate players, the relative anaerobic power should be applied getting along with fatigue index and blood lactic acid.%为探讨空手道训练对人体无氧工作能力的影响,对24名优秀空手道运动员进行30sWingate无氧测试。实验结果表明:1)空手道训练可改善运动员磷酸原供能能力,提高无氧功率值和肌肉瞬间爆发力,加快启动速度,且具有明显的性别和训练水平差异;2)30sWingate无氧实验能明显反映空手道运动员无氧功率值,但不能明显反映运动员的无氧工作能力,测定时间应延长;3)30sWingate无氧实验中体重是无氧功率的重要影响因素,以功率相对值同时结合疲劳指数和运动前后血乳酸变化进行评价更为科学和客观。

  9. WTF跆拳道与 KATA空手道技术比较研究%WTF Taekwondo and Karate Techniques KATA Comparative Study

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张书军

    2015-01-01

    WTF Taekwondo and Karate KATA is rooted in Chinese martial arts, sports, using almost the opposite of technolo-gy development ideas, but have access to the promotion and recognition in the world.In this paper, comparative study from fight-ing against the technology type, attack techniques and routines can attack parts of the technology through the perspective of compe-tition rules, summed up the difference between the two martial arts sports technology system, and this differentially impact on pro-ject development, provide a reference for the Asian martial arts movement, especially the development of Chinese martial arts.%WTF跆拳道与KATA空手道是植根中国武术的运动项目,采用了几乎相反的技术发展思路,却均在世界范围内获得推广和认可。本文从对抗技术中的格斗式、攻击技术、可攻击部位和套路技术对这两种运动项目进行比较研究,归纳了两种武道运动技术体系的差异,以及这种差异对项目发展的影响,为亚洲武道运动特别是中华武术发展提供参考。

  10. Impact of Martial Arts (Judo, Karate, and Kung Fu) on Bone Mineral Density Gains in Adolescents of Both Genders: 9-Month Follow-Up.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ito, Igor H; Kemper, Han C G; Agostinete, Ricardo R; Lynch, Kyle R; Christofaro, Diego G D; Ronque, Enio R; Fernandes, Rômulo A

    2017-09-22

    To compare bone mineral density (BMD) gains in adolescents of both genders stratified according to different martial art styles in a 9-month follow-up study. The longitudinal study consisted of 29 adolescents of both genders and age between 11 and 17 years stratified into a control group (not engaged in any sport) and 50 fighters (kung fu/karate, n = 29; judo, n = 21). All 79 subjects underwent anthropometric measures (weight, height, leg length, and height set) and dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry (BMD, in g/cm(2)) at 2 moments, baseline and 9 months later. Maturity offset (age at peak height velocity), lean soft tissue, chronological age, and resistance training were treated as covariates. Male judoists presented higher gains in BMD-spine [0.098 g/cm(2) (95% confidence interval, 0.068-0.128)] than control group [0.040 g/cm(2) (95% confidence interval, 0.011-0.069)] (post hoc test with P  = .030). There was no effect of martial art on BMD gains among girls. Independently of gender, in all multivariate models, lean soft tissue constituted the most relevant covariate. Judo practice in adolescents affected the bone accrual significantly after 9-month follow-up compared with controls, mainly in boys.

  11. 上海市青少年空手道俱乐部发展现状及对策研究%On the Developing Conditions and Countermeasures of Shanghai Teenager Karate Clubs

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    马康利; 程华

    2015-01-01

    文章采用文献资料法、专家咨询法、问卷调查法、数据统计法、访谈法等研究方法,对上海市空手道俱乐部发展现状进行调查分析。通过对上海市8家空手道俱乐部及其学员、教练员等三方面现状抽查分析,以及查阅相关研究文献,发现目前空手道俱乐部存在政府推入不足,缺乏市场推广;大众空手道市场化不规范,管理制度不完善;裁判员、教练员专业水平不高等不足之处。研究提出:从政府管理机构和行业主管部门加强管理、建立和完善俱乐部自身管理制度、注重俱乐部的宣传等建议。%This essay addresses research and analysis on the current situation of development of teenager Karate clubs in Shanghai by means of literature method,experts consultancy method, questionnaire survey method, data statistics method ,interview method and etc. By analyzing the condition of 8 Karate clubs about their students and coaches, and also analyzes the literature to conclude that shanghai karate clubs lack of government publicity, marketing promotion; mass karate market is not standard, with the incomplete administration, lower level of coaches and judges. The study shows the administration of governmental agencies and industrial management need to be improved, the rules of administration need to be established and completed, and the publicity needs to pay more attention to the sport.

  12. Resultados de la técnica de karate prechop en la cirugía de catarata por facoemulsificación: Instituto Cubano de Oftalmología “Ramón Pando Ferrer”, 2002-2004 Results of karate prechop technique in cataract surgery using phacoemulsification in “Ramón Pando Ferrer” Cuban Institute of Ophthalmology, 2002-2004

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juan Raúl Hernández Silva

    2006-06-01

    Full Text Available En Cuba desde el año 2000 se introdujeron nuevas técnicas quirúrgicas para el tratamiento de la catarata, y se han publicado trabajos valorando diferentes prácticas para realizar la cirugía de catarata. Con la realización de este trabajo, se pretende determinar los resultados de la técnica de karate prechop en la facoemulsificación. Se realizó un estudio descriptivo, prospectivo de de corte transversal, cuyo universo estuvo constituido por todos los pacientes (ojos con diagnóstico de catarata presenil y senil que recibieron tratamiento quirúrgico con la técnica karate prechop por facoemulsificación en el Centro de Microcirugía Ocular (CMO desde enero de 2002 hasta enero 2004. Se seleccionó una muestra mediante un muestreo simple aleatorio de 198 pacientes. La mayoría de los pacientes estudiados poseían más de 60 años de edad. La agudeza visual con corrección alcanzada mejoró como promedio en 4 líneas en la cartilla de Snellen, con un astigmatismo inducido promedio de 0,29 D. El tiempo promedio de ultrasonido utilizado fue de 1,26 min, proporcional a la dureza del núcleo. El número de complicaciones fue bajo, las más frecuentes fueron la ruptura de cápsula posterior y la salida de vítreoSince 2000, new surgical procedures for the extraction of cataract had been implemented, thus a number of papers that assess different practices for this end have been published. This paper was aimed at determining the results of karate prechop technique in phacoemulsification. A prospective cross-sectional descriptive study was performed in which the universe of study was made up of all the patients (eyes diagnosed with presenile and senile cataract and surgically treated with karate prechop technique using phacoemulsification from January 2000 to January 2004 at the Ocular Microsurgery Center . A simple randomized sampling provided a selected sample of 198 patients. The majority of these people were over 60 years. Corrected visual

  13. 低成色白色金合金的性能试验%Test on performance of low karat white gold alloy

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    袁军平; 陈德东; 陈令霞; 陈绍兴; 王昶

    2016-01-01

    With the change of the age structure of consumers and the sales mode,the low karat gold alloy is grad-ually becoming a new trend of the karat gold jewelry market. In this paper,10K white gold alloy was chosen as the ex-perimental material,its physical,chemical and processing performances were detected by methods of casting filling, DTA,Archimedes flotage, colourmetry, accelerated corrosion, high temperature oxidization and cold working. The re-sults show that when the alloy contains 41. 7% to 42% Au,11% to 14% Ni,33% to 36% Cu,9% to 13% Zn, 0. 05 % to 0. 3 % Si,0. 005 % to 0. 05 % B,its melting temperature range is below 37 ℃ and the castability is per-fect,with the sieve filling rate of 98%;the alloy''s yellowness index is below 19 while its whiteness reaches level 1,and it has excellent sulphide discoloration resistance and resistance to high temperature oxidization; the alloy has high o-riginal hardness,while its work-hardening rate is moderate,which is beneficial for cold working production and wear resistance of jewelry surface.%随着消费群体年龄结构和销售模式的变化,低成色金合金逐渐成为K金首饰市场的一个新方向. 该文以10 K白色金合金为研究材料,采用铸造充填法、差热分析法、静水密度法、测色法、加速腐蚀法、高温氧化法、冷变形法等检测了试验合金的物理性能、化学性能及加工制作性能. 试验结果表明:当合金中有41 . 7 % ~42 %金、11 % ~14 %镍、33 % ~36 %铜、9 % ~13 %锌、0 . 05 % ~0 . 3 %硅、0 . 005 % ~0 . 05 %硼时,其熔化温度变化范围在37 ℃以下,筛网充填率达到98 %,有较好的铸造性能;合金的黄度指数低于19 ,达到1级白色,具有优良的抗硫化变色性能及抗高温氧化性能;合金的初始硬度较高,加工硬化速率适中,有利于进行冷加工生产和首饰表面耐磨损.

  14. 我国高校开展空手道运动的必要性研究%Necessity of Development of Karate in Colleges and Universities in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘华

    2012-01-01

    Meaning and necessity of introducing Karate into college sports teaching are discussed. The followings are conclusions: introducing karate sports is fit for the sunshine sports, satisfy the needs of education reform and can also enrich the contents of Physical Education course. The students can experience shool lives fun of good healthy, good self protection, active crisis awareness and good psychological pressure adjusting ability.%讨论了在我国大学体育教学中引入空手道项目的意义和必要性,认为,在我国高校体育教学中引入空手道运动项目,符合阳光体育精神,能满足高校体育课程教学改革的需要,能丰富普通高校体育课程教学内容,能让学生体验健康体魄、良好自我保护能力,积极主动的危机意识、良好的心理压力调节能力的学习生活乐趣.

  15. The Feasibility of Karate Carried out in Colleges in Anhui Province%空手道运动在安徽省高校开展的可行性研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张庆珍

    2012-01-01

    Through using the method of literature,the paper discusses the karate movement development status in Anhui province,combined with college sports curriculum reform,to make karate responsive to college students fitness needs,help students perfect personality,enhancement with standing setback and the ability to adapt to the environment.It will play a positive role in promoting the quality education of college students and their lifelong physical exercise.%文章运用文献资料研究方法对安徽省高校空手道运动发展状况进行论述,结合高校体育课程改革的契机,使空手道运动顺应大学生健身需求,帮助大学生健全人格、增强承受挫折和适应环境的能力,对大学生的素质教育和终身体育锻炼都会起到积极的促进作用。

  16. 合金元素对K白金首饰合金性能影响的探讨%Investigation of Alloy Elements on Influence of Karat White Gold Jewelry Alloy Performance

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    申柯娅

    2011-01-01

    K白金的强度高、铸造性能好,在首饰业被广泛用作铂金的替代品.但K白金的合金成分对K白金首饰的合金性能会产生很大的影响,通过实验研究了不同成分和含量的合金元素对K白金的密度、颜色、硬度和加工硬化的影响,提出了K白金补口材料的性能要求.%Karat white gold is widely used as a substitute of platinum because of its high strength and good cast ability, but alloy elements within Karat white gold have obvious influence upon jewelry alloy performance. The influence of different alloy elements and different contents upon density, color, hardness, work hardening behaviour was studied through experimentats, and then the performance of master alloys was recommended.

  17. Molecular size and net charge of pathogenesis-related enzymes from barley (Hordeum vulgare L., v. Karat) infected with Drechslera teres f. teres (Sacch.) Shoem.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Rothe, G M; Welschbillig, N; Reiss, E

    1998-05-01

    Molecular size and net charge of isoforms of pathogenesis-related (PR) chitinase, beta-1,3-glucanase and peroxidase were studied in uninfected barley (Hordeum vulgare L., v. Karat) leaves and in barley leaves infected with the pathogenic fungus Drechslera teres f. teres (Sacch.) Shoem. Molecular characteristics were determined by time-dependent polyacrylamide gradient gel electrophoresis under native conditions and by applying an extended version of the computer program MOL-MASS (Rothe, G. M., Weidmann, H., Electrophoresis 1991, 12, 703-709). Uninfected barley leaves contained predominantly one peroxidase isozyme but also three very weak peroxidases. Activities of all of these three peroxidases increased considerably after infection with Drechslera teres. The molecular masses of peroxidases 1 and 3 were estimated to be 38 +/- 5 and 42 +/- 7 kDa and their apparent valences at pH 8.4 were Z = 3.13 and 3.20, respectively. Amongst the chitinase isoforms, chitinase 1 and chitinase 2 appeared after infection, while chitinase 3 was also observed in uninfected leaves of barley. The molecular mass of chitinase 3 (31 +/- 6 kDa; f/fo = 1.20) was larger than that of chitinase 1 (20 +/- 2 kDa; f/fo = 1.04) and chitinase 2 (23 +/- 3 kDa; f/fo = 1.06). The valence of constitutive chitinase 3 (Z = 1.44 +/- 0.81) at pH 8.4 was lower than that of adaptive chitinase 1 (Z = 3.27 +/- 1.02) and chitinase 2 (Z = 2.96 +/- 1.38). Infection of barley leaves with Drechslera teres also induced the hydrolytic enzyme beta-1,3-glucanase 1; beta-1,3-glucanase 2 appeared in uninfected and in infected leaves. Constitutive beta-1,3-glucanase 2 was smaller (molecular mass 19 +/- kDa; f/fo = 1.05) than adaptive beta-1,3-glucanase 1 (molecular mass 26 +/- 4 kDa; f/fo = 1.07). The valence of adaptive beta-1,3-glucanase 1 (Z = 9.58 +/- 4.17) was approximately threefold that of beta-1,3-glucanase 2 (Z = 2.80 +/- 0.93).

  18. Aplicação de diferentes métodos de quantificação de cargas durante uma sessão de treinamento de karate

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Vinicius Flávio Milanez

    2012-08-01

    Full Text Available A percepção subjetiva de esforço (PSE da sessão tem se destacado dentre os métodos de quantificação de cargas de treinamento (QCT em algumas modalidades, sobretudo pelo seu baixo custo e fácil aplicabilidade. No entanto, não há relatos na literatura de sua aplicação na modalidade de karate. O objetivo deste estudo foi analisar a relação entre o método PSE da sessão com BanisterTRIMP, EdwardsTL, LuciaTRIMP, StagnoTRIMP e LacTRIMP. Para tanto, oito atletas de ambos os sexos (21,6 ± 5,5 anos; 58,8 ± 13,8kg; 170,0 ± 0,11cm realizaram uma sessão de treinamento com monitoramento constante da frequência cardíaca (FC, coleta de amostras sanguíneas a cada 10 minutos e aferição da PSE através da escala CR-10, 30 minutos após o término do treinamento, para posterior cálculo dos impulsos de treinamento. Significantes correlações (P < 0,05 foram encontradas entre PSE da sessão e BanisterTRIMP (r = 0,79, EdwardTL (r = 0,81, LuciaTRIMP (r = 0,71, StagnoTRIMP (r = 0,71 e LacTRIMP (r = 0,91. Dessa forma, os resultados deste estudo sugerem a PSE da sessão como um método eficiente para a QCT em atletas de karate estilo shotokan.

  19. 文化视域下武术与空手道的礼仪对比研究%Comparing the Manners of Wushu with Karate under the Cultural Horizon

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    龚梦玲

    2016-01-01

    文章采用文献资料法和逻辑分析法,以文化为中心,辐射到当前武术与空手道的发展现状中,通过对比中国武术与日本的空手道,发现中国武术在发展过程中文化建设层面存在的弊端,提出意见和建议,旨在促进中国武术的发展,传承中华武术文化,弘扬民族精神。%the article using methods of literature material and logic analysis, taking culture as the center, through comparing Chinese Wushu and Japanese Karate, finds out the existing disadvantages of the cultural construction lay in the development process of Chinese Wushu, puts forward some opinions and suggestions, to promote the development of Chinese Wushu, inherit Chinese Wushu culture and carry forward the nation⁃al spirit.

  20. Solomon Asch – Muzafer and Carolyn Sherif: two social psychologies?

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Janez Bečaj

    2000-09-01

    Full Text Available There is almost no current textbook of social psychology, in which the chapter of conformism would not start with the description of the Asch's experiment with line-length and Sherif's experiment with auto kinetic effect. Social norm is the bonding topic of the two. Sherif is supposed to have shown the shaping of social norms, whereas Asch is supposed to have demonstrated how they are maintained through the pressure on the subject to conform. Both authors are usually cited together and because they are connected with the same phenomenon, one can get the impression that they are talking about two dimensions of the same socio-psychological topic, discussed from similar theoretical standpoints. But detailed analysis of both experiments and comparison of the cognitive models of the authors that led to these experiments suggest that such an impression could be wrong. In fact, two different theoretical models are in question, which have barely anything in common.

  1. Dean, Carolyn. A Culture of Stone; Inka perspectives on rock

    OpenAIRE

    Astuhuamán Gonzáles, César W.

    2013-01-01

    Durante la última década hemos sido testigos del incremento de investigaciones acerca de los imperios tempranos, en particular del Tawantinsuyu; las aproximaciones económicas y político-militares fueron gradualmente desplazadas por las aproximaciones ideológicas, específicamente al investigar el culto y la religión. El examinar los cultos imperiales ha permitido explorar los aspectos ideológicos vinculados a la organización del Estado inca, y mejorar nuestro conocimiento del rol desempeñado p...

  2. Analysis of corneal pathologic changes and laboratory parameters in herpes simplex karatitis patients with Ganhuo-shangyanzheng or Ganshengyinxuzheng%单纯疱疹病毒性角膜炎肝火上炎证、肝肾阴虚证患者角膜病变及指标分析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张海男; 黎杏群; 梁清华; 陈昌华

    2001-01-01

    In order to investigate the relationship between Ganhuoshangyanzheng and Can-shengyin xuzheng in herpes simplex karatitis patients, we observed corneal pathologic changes and examined blood levels of prostaglandin F2 (PGF2), prostaglandin E2 (PGF2), tumor necrosis factor (TNF), arginine vasopressin (AVP), norepinephrine (NR), epinephrine (E) in sixty herpes simplex karatitis patients with Ganhou shangyanzheng or Gan-shengyinxuzheng. The results showed that the corneal pathologic changes were corneal ulcer infiltrating to stroma of cornea in Ganhuo shangyanzheng patients, and refractary corneal ulcer with large amount of corneal neovascularizaton and infiltration of corneal stroma in Gan-shengyinxuzheng patients, the blood levels of PGF2, PGE2, TNF, AVP, NE, E in Ganhuo shangyanzheng patients were higher than those in Gan-shengyinxuzheng patients or healthy persons. The results suggest that these parameters may be objective parameters for differential diagnosis of traditional Chinese medicine Zheng types in patients with herpes simplex karatitis.%对60例单纯疱疹病毒性角膜炎肝火上炎证、肝肾阴虚证病人角膜病变、血前列腺素F2α(PGF2α)、前列腺素E2(PGE2)、肿瘤坏死因子(TNF)、精氨酸加压素(AVP)、去甲肾上腺素(NE)、肾上腺素(E)进行检测,分析两证型上述指标的变化规律。结果显示肝火上炎证组角膜病变为角膜溃疡累及基质层,肝肾阴虚证组角膜病变为顽固性角膜溃疡,有大量新生血管及角膜基质浸润水肿;肝火上炎证组血PGF2α,PGE2,TNF,AVP,NE及E较肝肾阴虚证组和健康人组显著升高,表明以上指标可作为单纯疱疹病毒性角膜炎辨证分型的客观参考指标。

  3. a brodie's abscess of femoral neck mimicking osteoid osteoma

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    GB

    2016-01-01

    Jan 1, 2016 ... osteomyelitis, its unusual MRI features and the importance of obtaining a ... pain was insidious in onset, dull aching in nature, ... restricted and painful terminally as ... right hip, the left knee and the spine showed no positive ...

  4. Carolyn Miller: Tilsløring og afsløring af retorikken

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    2008-01-01

    Retorik er gennem hele sin historie blevet betegnet som en kunst, der må tilsløre sig selv for at lykkes. To felter, hvor retorikken er blevet særdeles effektivt tilsløret, er videnskaben og teknologiens. Denne artikel udforsker de generelle betingelser og begrundelser for at skjule retorikken og...

  5. 10 000 arvamuse asemel kollektiivsed eelistused : intervjuu / Carolyn Lukensmeyer ; intervjueerinud Liisa Svenigsson Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukensmeyer, Carolyn, 1945-

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikuühenduse president ja asutaja selgitab, kuidas luua usaldusväärseid koostöösuhteid avlikkuse ja valitsusväliste ühenduste ning poliitikute ja valitsussüsteemi vahel

  6. Hallipäiste leegionid tulevad / Carolyn Moynihan ; tõlk. Ingrid Vooglaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moynihan, Carolyn

    2007-01-01

    Globaalsest vananemisest, Jaapani elanikkonna vananemisest ja vähenemisest. Autor leiab, et Lääs vajab üha rohkem tööjõudu teiste rahvaste hulgast ning õigus võib olla neil, kelle arvates võib Euroopa muutuda "Euraabiaks". Hiina ees seisvast vananemiskriisist

  7. Polynesia. The Mark and Carolyn Blackburn Collection of Polynesian Art d'Adrienne L. Kaeppler

    OpenAIRE

    Bounoure, Gilles

    2012-01-01

    Par son ampleur, la qualité de ses reproductions et son ambition, ce livre n’est pas sans évoquer la volumineuse publication consacrée à la « collection Jolika » par son créateur, John Friede, appuyé par plusieurs spécialistes renommés (Friede et al., 2005 ; voir jso 122-123), et qui offrait la description de 598 objets représentatifs de la plupart des cultures de la Nouvelle-Guinée. Le présent ouvrage est également dévolu à une collection privée de première importance, comparable souvent à c...

  8. 10 000 arvamuse asemel kollektiivsed eelistused : intervjuu / Carolyn Lukensmeyer ; intervjueerinud Liisa Svenigsson Past

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Lukensmeyer, Carolyn, 1945-

    2010-01-01

    Ameerika Ühendriikide kodanikuühenduse president ja asutaja selgitab, kuidas luua usaldusväärseid koostöösuhteid avlikkuse ja valitsusväliste ühenduste ning poliitikute ja valitsussüsteemi vahel

  9. Hallipäiste leegionid tulevad / Carolyn Moynihan ; tõlk. Ingrid Vooglaid

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Moynihan, Carolyn

    2007-01-01

    Globaalsest vananemisest, Jaapani elanikkonna vananemisest ja vähenemisest. Autor leiab, et Lääs vajab üha rohkem tööjõudu teiste rahvaste hulgast ning õigus võib olla neil, kelle arvates võib Euroopa muutuda "Euraabiaks". Hiina ees seisvast vananemiskriisist

  10. FIGHT ZONE WITH POINTS OF THE SHOTOKAN KARATE FEMALE COMPETITION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nelson Kautzner Marques Junior

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available The objective of the study was to determine the fight zone with point during the female kumite of competition. This study used a quantitative research for identify the fight zone with point (ippon or waza-ari or not during the female kumite of competition. Were selected on the Internet several championship of kumite of the JKA and of the ITKF. The study detected a high probability of point in the zone 7 and in the zone 2. The study determined that the most points at the corner occurred when the karateka practiced the attack in fight zone. Kruskal-Wallis ANOVA verified significant difference between the fight zone with points, H (10 = 29,49, p = 0,001. The Mann Whitney U test detected significant difference between the zone 5 with waza-ari versus all the zone. The greatest number of points in the fight zone was in agreement with the size of the fight zone. The central zone or zone 5 has 6x6 m, during the female kumite occurred more points, total of 68 waza-aris and 5 ippons. The study on the fight zone with points of the female kumite permits that the karateka has knowledge about the combat zones and guides the karateka before, during and after the female kumite. However, more studies should be done to confirm these findings.

  11. 24-Karat Protection: RFID and Retail Jewelry Marketing

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    David C. Wyld

    2010-01-01

    Full Text Available This article examines the unique value proposition presented by RFID (radio frequency identification forjewelry retailers’ inventory management. The article provides a general overview of RFID technology.The author then presents findings on its use in jewelry retailing to date by innovative companies aroundthe world. The research establishes that RFID-based inventory tracking is exceptionally well-suited to thejewelry industry due a variety of factors, including the values, origins, sizes and form factors of jewelryitems. Early adopting jewelry retailers have found that RFID-based inventory tracking can address theirneeds for better inventory management and control, heightened security, and improved businessintelligence.

  12. Pengendalian Penyakit Karat Daun Kopi dengan Ekstrak Teh Hitam

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Christanti Sumardiyono

    1996-09-01

    Full Text Available The research was done to know the efficacy of black tea extract to control coffee leaf rust, the most important disease of Arabica coffee caused by the fungus Hemileia vastatrix B et Br. Black tea was extracted by boiling 50 g of tea in 500 ml of water until 50 ml of solution was left and used as spraying material after 10 time dilution. Influence of black tea extract to urediospores germination was done by spore germination technique. Field experiment was done at Pagilaran Tea Plantation with a susceptible Arabica coffee Kate 26 variety. Coffee plants was sprayed with diluted tea extract eight times with 10 days interval and 0,3% of triadimefon was used as standart fungicide. The result showed that black tea extract inhibited germination of urediospora and reduced germtube length up to 10-4 dilution. The extract of black tea could reduce disease intensity of coffee leaf rust in the field better than triadimefon. Ten days after first spraying, disease intensity was reduced but it increased after 5 times spraying. After 8 times spraying disease intensity on coffee tree sprayed with the black tea extract was lower than that sprayed with tradimefon. Key words: black tea, Hemileia vastatrix, triadimefon

  13. Kuus turundusüksuse tüüpi / Edward Landry, Andrew Tipping, Brodie Dixon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Landry, Edward

    2005-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma Booz Allen Hamilton ja Association of National Advertisers välja töötatud turundusüksuste tüüpidest ja asjaoludest, mida peaks arvesse võtma firma olemasoleva turundusüksuse välja selgitamiseks

  14. Igas riigis omad probleemid ja omad lahendused / Herb Brody ; tõlk. Peeter Peetersoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brody, Herb

    2005-01-01

    Brasiilia, Hiina, Tšiili, Saksamaa, Lõuna-Aafrika Vabariigi, Hollandi ja Ameerika Ühendriikide ajakirjanikud ning Technology Review toimetajad annavad ülevaate nimetatud riikides arendatavatest tehnoloogilistest projektidest, mis on kohalikele majandustele olulisimad. Lisatud statistilised lühiülevaaded tähtsamatest tehnoloogiasektoritest. Lisa: Ülemaailmne tehnoloogia arvudes

  15. Brodie bite with an extracted mandibular first molar in a young adult: a case report.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chugh, Vinay K; Sharma, Vijay P; Tandon, Pradeep; Singh, Gyan P

    2010-05-01

    Total buccal crossbites are rare, but, when they occur, they can be extremely difficult to correct, even with surgery and orthodontics. In most patients with in-locking crossbites, the maxillary teeth erupt past their mandibular antagonists, creating severe occlusal difficulties. This article presents an adult patient with scissors-bite or partial telescoping bite bilaterally in the posterior region and an extracted mandibular first molar on the right side. She was treated with expansion of the mandibular arch, and the subsequent open bite was closed with the help of masticatory muscle exercises and high-pull headgear. The second and third molars were uprighted and moved mesially to close the extraction spaces.

  16. Kuus turundusüksuse tüüpi / Edward Landry, Andrew Tipping, Brodie Dixon

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Landry, Edward

    2005-01-01

    Konsultatsioonifirma Booz Allen Hamilton ja Association of National Advertisers välja töötatud turundusüksuste tüüpidest ja asjaoludest, mida peaks arvesse võtma firma olemasoleva turundusüksuse välja selgitamiseks

  17. Igas riigis omad probleemid ja omad lahendused / Herb Brody ; tõlk. Peeter Peetersoo

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Brody, Herb

    2005-01-01

    Brasiilia, Hiina, Tšiili, Saksamaa, Lõuna-Aafrika Vabariigi, Hollandi ja Ameerika Ühendriikide ajakirjanikud ning Technology Review toimetajad annavad ülevaate nimetatud riikides arendatavatest tehnoloogilistest projektidest, mis on kohalikele majandustele olulisimad. Lisatud statistilised lühiülevaaded tähtsamatest tehnoloogiasektoritest. Lisa: Ülemaailmne tehnoloogia arvudes

  18. Diagnosis and treatment of Brodie abscess%Brodie脓肿诊疗体会

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    金号军; 王虹慧

    2007-01-01

    目的 探讨Brodie脓肿的发病原因及治疗方法.方法 对26例Brodie脓肿患者根据病史资料、临床表现、X线及CT检查进行手术清除脓液及肉芽,凿除硬化骨治疗.结果 细菌培养金黄色葡萄糖菌6例,白色葡萄球菌5例,余无细菌生长.26例随访6~12个月,X线及CT复查病灶逐渐消失,脓肿均未复发.结论 Brodie脓肿的病因与外伤有密切关系.治疗方法首选病灶清除术.

  19. A case of ilium Brodie's bone abscess%髂骨Brodie骨脓肿1例

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    陈梓锋; 林斌

    2007-01-01

    @@ 1 病例资料 患者,女,19岁,因反复左髂部疼痛8年于2006年6月21日入院.疼痛以天气转冷时明显,多次门诊摄X线片未见异常.外院骨盆CT检查示:左髂骨部局限性病变.

  20. 2009 Carolyn Wood Sherif Award Address: Riding Trojan Horses from Symbolism to Structural Change--In Feminist Psychology, Context Matters

    Science.gov (United States)

    Greene, Beverly

    2010-01-01

    Against the backdrop of the historical 2008 presidential election, I discuss the ways that the election of marginalized group members to public office can be used to silence the discourse on the social marginalization of group members and to remove these analyses from their appropriate context. I emphasize the need to materialize alternatives to…

  1. Apple founder targets healthcare as NeXT market. Interview by Carolyn Dunbar and Michael L. Laughlin.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jobs, S

    1992-12-01

    Cofounder and former chairman of the board of Apple Computer Steven Jobs looks beyond the 1980s image of a petulant, embittered young man, fighting with all who failed to share his vision, and many who did. Today, as a founder, president and chairman of NeXT, Inc., he looks to more high-minded applications of his computer genius.

  2. 跟骨Brodie's脓肿误诊为结核性骨脓肿1例%One case: Brodie's abscess of the heel bone misdiagnosed as tuberculous bone abscess

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李和平; 孟江宏; 邹振宇

    2005-01-01

    @@ 患者,女,51岁.左足跟骨疼痛数年,加重1个月.一般情况尚可,无明显消瘦.自述20 a前有踝关节结核手术史.体检:左足皮肤色泽正常,无红肿破溃征象.足跟底部有明显压痛.实验室检查:WBC:5.78×109/L,N:38.8%,L:51.7%;血沉36 mm/h.X线检查:左跟骨呈巨大不规则骨质缺损区,边界整齐有薄层硬化,跟骨边缘骨质结构完整.CT扫描5 mm层厚,5 mm间隔示:左跟骨呈巨大多房状骨质破坏,边缘整齐,有薄层硬化环,破坏区内密度均匀(见图1、图2).CT值9 HU.破坏区外侧缘未见骨膜反应,骨质周围软组织结构层次清楚.CT诊断:跟骨结核;跟骨囊肿.

  3. Brodie脓肿影像学误漏诊分析%Imaging Misdiagnostic Analysis of the Brodie Abscess

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    曹敏; 龚水兵

    2003-01-01

    目的:探讨Brodie脓肿的临床及影像学特点,分析误、漏诊原因.方法:回顾分析确认5例的临床资料,复读X线片、CT片.结果:5例中误诊为退行性变1例,骨样骨瘤1例,嗜酸性肉芽肿1例,漏诊1例,正确诊断1例.结论:Brodie脓肿综合X线平片,CT及MRI检查,仔细阅片,全面分析,把握其特征性改变,平片、CT长骨端低密度区,周围硬化带,MRI"晕"征,如果密切结合临床,大多数患者可及时诊断.

  4. Brodie's Abscess:23 Cases Report%局限性骨脓肿23例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    丁雪勇; 张正丰

    2003-01-01

    目的:回顾性地总结局限性骨脓肿的临床和X线特点,为今后诊治提供参考.方法:将既往2个医院诊治的该病资料完整的23例进行临床分析,找出其一定的规律性.结果:该病好发于股骨中下段和胫骨上下端,其中发生在干骺端占17例.发病年龄9~46岁,其中半数为13岁以下儿童.发生于干骺端松质骨内14例,皮质骨内9例. 结论:有局限性炎性症状,X线片显示为一侧皮质骨增生者,应考虑本病,行CT扫描确诊.手术治疗可取得良好效果.

  5. 慢性局限性骨脓肿1例%Brodie abscess: a case report

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张富军

    2009-01-01

    患者男,16岁。左足跟部反复疼痛1年加重1周入院。体检:局部稍肿,皮温正常,疼痛性质为酸胀样并不剧烈。X线:左跟骨松质骨内见椭圆形骨密度减低区(图1),边缘整齐,周围骨密度增高,骨密度增高区与正常骨之间无明确分界。术中见病灶为肉芽组织,彻底刮除病灶,送病理报告为炎性肉芽组织。随访2月未复发。

  6. The Effect of Martial Arts (Taekwondo, Karate and Judo on Making Fighting Spirit against the Attackers

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Gholam Reza Goudarzi

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Lack of principled and practical training in martial arts needs to be evaluated. Martial arts improve fighting spirit, healthy, agile and physical strengthof defenders in self-defense and streetfights. The present study is an applicable one conducted descriptively.The data was obtainedfrom field and library effortsas well asstructured interviews and questionnaires. To increase the validity of the study, some interviews were carried out on five experienced and expert coaches in martial arts. The findings were analyzedvia descriptive and inferential statistics. Statistical hypothesis testing showed that Taekwondo training can be effective in improving fighting spirit against attackers and in preparing the artists to encounter with unexpected attacks, so that they will be acquired to have better fighting spirit andself- defense, therebydispellingfear in their life.

  7. An employment karate - one of backbone factors of psychohygiene of youth.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Uskov S.V.

    2011-08-01

    Full Text Available The analysis of the scientifically-methodical and special literature on a research problem is carried out. Questions of preservation and perfection of psychological health of schoolboys and the students, solved by means of employment by single combats are opened. Methodical workings out on formation of the psychophysiological qualities necessary for healthy development of youth are offered. At the correct organization they can essentially increase stability to stressful situations, stability of the central nervous system and other important psychological qualities.

  8. 金榜Karat S8DC落地音箱

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    吴为

    2004-01-01

    德国金榜(Canton)公司成立于1976年,30年来始终坚持开发高保真音响,是德国著名的音箱制造厂。金榜音箱在世界上深受好评,被众多权威音响杂志评为最佳推荐产品,1995年美国Stereophay评金榜扬声器为“第一真实扬声器”和“扬声器革命”的最高荣誉。上世纪90年代,金榜在中国广受欢迎,许多发烧友对它都熟悉。最近几年中,金榜推出了一系列的新

  9. OROP Karat Gold%花开幽香春意来

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    2004-01-01

    和煦温柔的春光,唤醒了整整沉睡一冬的世界。飞雪迎春,K金贺岁。欧罗普花开中国市场几载,向国人展露了其浓郁的意大利文化艺术风格,又是一年春来到,经典、高雅、时尚的K金艺术——OROP(欧罗普)与您同贺新禧!

  10. "Symbol" in "The Karate Kid"%《功夫梦》中的"象征"

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘聪聪

    2010-01-01

    以汉文化为背景,讲述一个美国小孩追寻功夫梦的故事.电影的成功除了强大的明星阵容、铺天盖地的宣传攻势之外,还因为影片自身有着深层的、可供挖掘的象征意义.

  11. NRPA Law Review. Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, highlighting a lawsuit involving a boy with AIDS who was barred from a traditional combat-oriented martial arts school. Courts ruled that his exclusion did not violate the ADA because he posed significant health and safety risks to…

  12. UJI PENDAHULUAN PENGARUH EKSTRAK AIR DARI TUMBUHAN TERHADAP KETERJADIAN KARAT PADA CAKRAM DAUN KOPI DI LABORATORIUM

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cipta Ginting

    2014-08-01

    Full Text Available Preliminary test on the effect of water extract from plants on rust incidence on coffee leaf disks at the latroratory. The objective of this study was to determine the influence of several water extract from plants on rust incidence on coffee leaf disk a laboratory condition. The study was done from March to June 2003. Treatments were arranged in a randomized complete block design with four replications, One experimental unit consisted of eight leaf disks with 2 cm in diameter. To prepare water extract, 1 00 g of plant or its part was homogenized with 100 ml sterilized distilled water.  After being passed through four layers of sterilized cheesecloth, the mixture was defined as the aliquot. Ten percent of the aliquot was sparyed on leaf disks before inoculation. As inoculum, uredospores developed on leaves under field condition were taken with sterilized scalpel and placed in sterilized distilled water and counted with hemacyometer to get suspension (4x105 uredospores per ml spores per ml. Data on disease incidence were analyzed with ANOVA and Duncan test. The results showed that disease incidence was significantly reduced by water extract processed from the leaves of Piper betle, Azadirachta indica, and Eugeni aromatica, the rhizomes of Zingiber afficinale and Curcumq longa, stem of Cymbopogon citratus, Allium ascalonium, A.sativa, and copper fungicide. Disease was not significantly reduced in leaf disks sprayed with extract prepares from the leaves of Piper retrofractum, P. nigrum,  the rhizomes of Imperata cylindrica and Alpina galanga, A. cepa,Ageratum comysoides, and Elephantopus scaber.

  13. NRPA Law Review. Combat Karate Class Illustrates ADA "Direct Threat" Exception.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kozlowski, James C.

    2000-01-01

    Describes the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA), which prohibits discrimination against people with disabilities, highlighting a lawsuit involving a boy with AIDS who was barred from a traditional combat-oriented martial arts school. Courts ruled that his exclusion did not violate the ADA because he posed significant health and safety risks to…

  14. REDUKCIJA TJELESNE MASE EVAPORACIJOM I NJENE POSLEDICE NA BRZINU IZVODJENJA U KARATE SPORTU

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Labud Janković

    2005-05-01

    Full Text Available t is known that good level of hydration is key to sucess in sport. In sports where activities are organized in groups according to weight categories, there are many examples of quick weight reduction. One of ways for reduction of body weight is by sweating( evaporation and by various diuretics. The core of this, second procedure is quickened by urination, followed by dehydration and reduction of body weight. This quickened body weight reduction iy harmful to sportsman’s organism, because he, for a short time, loses much of healthy liquid and necessary electrolits. After a particular loss of the liquid, organism start to employ its defence mechanisms aiming to save itself from exaggerate dehydration. When the ballance of water and electrolits is deranged, muscles lessen its contraction abillities. When the loss is too big , then ensue total interraption of body functions and a death is possible. Durin experiment many persons are inspected in states of eu-hydration and dehydration

  15. A martial arts injury: karate induced unilateral haematoma of the adrenal gland.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Ortu, M; Vaccarezza, M; Trovati, S; Galli, M; Gervasoni, C; Vella, A

    2006-08-01

    Adrenal gland haematoma is often a complication of traumatic events. The case is reported of a 45 year old man with unilateral non-symptomatic adrenal gland haematoma caused by a trauma during martial arts practice.

  16. Analisa Difraksi Sinar-X pada Baja Tahan Karat Austentitik dan Feritik (Uji Laboratorium)

    OpenAIRE

    Siti Triaminingsih

    2015-01-01

    X- rays with wavelength in the range 0,5 to 2,5 Å, have a very short wavelength compare to the visible light wavelength in order of 6000 Å. Therefore, x-rays can be used for determination of the finest structure of materials by using the x-rays diffraction method. A solid crystalline consist of atoms were orderly arrangement and when a beam of x-rays strikes at that crystalline, the atom act as a center of diffraction. Since x-rays are electromagnetic waves with the wavelength penetrated into...

  17. Analisa Difraksi Sinar-X pada Baja Tahan Karat Austentitik dan Feritik (Uji Laboratorium

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Triaminingsih

    2015-10-01

    Full Text Available X- rays with wavelength in the range 0,5 to 2,5 Å, have a very short wavelength compare to the visible light wavelength in order of 6000 Å. Therefore, x-rays can be used for determination of the finest structure of materials by using the x-rays diffraction method. A solid crystalline consist of atoms were orderly arrangement and when a beam of x-rays strikes at that crystalline, the atom act as a center of diffraction. Since x-rays are electromagnetic waves with the wavelength penetrated into the distance between planes of atoms, the x-ray diffraction can be seen regarding using the Bragg'slaw (χ = 2d sin θ.Austensitic stainless steel could be transformed from γ phase (FCC to α phase (BCC by shear induced mechanism. It was proved that the austensitic stainless steel have a metastable properties in room temperature and can be changed by plastic deformation. The ferritic stainless steel have more stable, and it was different from austensitic stainless steel. The crystal structure of ferritic stainless steel will not change by plastic deformation. The transformation on austensitic stainless steel can be determined by x-rays diffraction method. The diffraction pattern produced have peaks of γ phase (FCC and α phase (BCC. However, the ferritic stainless steel only produced diffraction peaks of α phase (BCC. Therefore the different of austensitic stainless steel and ferritic stainless steel could be seen in the diffraction pattern.The purpose of this study is to determine the x-rays diffraction pattern of austensitic and ferritic stainless steel by powder method.

  18. PENGARUH TEKNIK BUDIDAYA TERHADAP INTENSITAS PENYAKIT KARAT DAN PRODUKSI KACANG TANAH (ARACHIS HYPOGAEA L.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Hasanah, Ratna Wylis Arief, dan Junita Barus .

    2012-02-01

    Full Text Available Effect of cultural methods on peanut  rust leaf intensity and  yield.  An important disease of peanut is rust leaf caused by Puccinia arachidis. It ussualy occurs with pock marked diseases. Both decreased yield up to 1,0 ton/ha (50% - 60% compare potention yield of peanut (1,8 ton/ha. The experiment was conducted at Siraman village, Pekalongan residence, Central Lampung from June to  December 2000. It applied two methods: Model A (farmers pattern and Model B (reccomendation pattern with three replications and four cooperator farmers. The variable were growth percentage, hight of plant, number of pod, wight of wet pod, weight of dry pod, wight of 100 granules, and leaf rot intensity. The result showed the yield of recomendation pattern better than that of farmer pattern,  intensity of attacked rust leaf diseases increased from 4,58% to 27,47% on farmer pattern and increased from 3,54% to 33,55% on recomendatin pattern, Macan variety is succeptible with rust leaf diseases and decreased yield up to 41,67%.

  19. Redefining the Boundaries of Historical Writing and Historical Imagination in Carolyn Steedman’s Master and Servant: Love and Labour in the English Industrial Age

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Lejla Mulalić

    2013-05-01

    Full Text Available One of the dominant features of the late 20th and early 21st century academic debates on the nature of history is a curious form of radicalism both in the ranks of defenders of traditional approaches to history/historiography and eloquent champions of postmodern theories. These debates will provide the context for my reading of Steedman’s Master and Servant, which probes disciplinary boundaries of history and fiction in order to explore the unhistoricised ways of love and labour in 18th century industrial Yorkshire. As Steedman inhabits the position of both a professional historian, with all the ideological implications of that position, and Nelly Dean, a servant and narrator in Brontë’s Wuthering Heights, this paper will consider her approach to historical imagination in the light of deconstructionist genre of historical writing.

  20. Closed lavation method treating acute dumbbell Brodie bone abscess%闭式灌洗法治疗急性期哑铃型Brodie骨脓肿

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    李雪; 陈丽冬

    2009-01-01

    目的 寻求治疗急性期哑铃型Brodie骨脓肿的方法.方法 自1995年1月至2008年10月,笔者所在科室收治急性期哑铃型Brodie骨脓肿患者21例.全部病例均行病灶清除、闭式冲洗引流术,引流管行单腔或多腔放置.结合细菌学检查针对性用药及指导拔管.冲洗持续时间14~21 d.结果 全部病例同期获得良好愈合.平均随访6个月无复发.结论 闭式灌洗法同传统慢性骨髓炎空洞处理方法相比,无需植骨,减少了院内感染的机会;愈合后感染不容易复发.

  1. 非典型Brodie骨脓肿的影像学与临床表现%Radiological and clinical findings of atypical Brodie's abscess

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    匡勇; 俞仲翔; 常跃文; 李志强; 袁明远

    2006-01-01

    目的 探讨非典型Brodie骨脓肿的临床表现、影像学诊断与鉴别诊断.方法 分析29例经手术和其它治疗证实的Brodie骨脓肿的放射学和病史资料,包括X线、CT和MRI资料,研究其中14例非典型Brodie骨脓肿的影像学和临床表现,分析其诊断要点及误诊原因.结果 14例非典型Brodie骨脓肿中单发11例,多发3例,有9例发生误诊,其中3例误诊为骨结核,4例误诊为骨样骨瘤,2例误诊为骨母细胞瘤.不典型表现为:发生部位不典型、硬化环不连续或硬化区域较大,骨破坏区内密度混杂,有骨膜反应和软组织肿胀;15例典型的Brodie骨脓肿表现为长骨干骺端小圆形或椭圆形均匀透亮破坏区,周边见高密度硬化环,无骨膜反应.结论 Brodie骨脓肿影像学表现多样,临床表现无特异性,容易误诊,应与骨结核、骨样骨瘤和骨母细胞瘤等仔细鉴别.

  2. PENGARUH INFESTASI VERTICILLIUM LECANII TERHADAP KEPARAHAN PENYAKIT KARAT DAUN KOPI PADA TANAMAN DAN KETERJADIAN KOLONINYA PADA DAUN

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cipta Ginting .

    2011-11-01

    Full Text Available Effect of infestation of Verticillium lecanii on the severity of coffee leaf rust on plants and the incidence of its colony on coffee leaves.  V. lecanii often antagonizes H. vastatrix on lesions caused by the pathogen on coffee leaves in the field.  The objectives of this study were to evaluate the efficacy of V. lecanii to control disease severity on coffee plants in a green house and to compare the incidence of V. lecanii colonies on coffee leaves naturally infested by V. lecanii in the field and that in the leaves with additional infestation in the laboratory.  For efficacy test and additional infestation in the laboratory, conidia were harvested from YMPD medium.  Suspension with 107 conidia ml-1 was sprayed into coffee foliage until both surfaces of the leaves were saturated with the suspension.  After the leaves were air dried, they were sprayed with urediospores (104 ml-1.  The results show that disease severity in plants treated with V. lecanii and control plants was not significantly different (P < 0.05, except that obtained at the fourth week when disease severity on the treated plants was significantly lower that that in control plants.  The number of V. lecanii colonies on coffee leaves naturally infested with the biocontrol agent was not increased by additional infestation with V. lecanii conidia in the laboratory.

  3. Uncertainties of the neutronic calculations at core level determined by the KARATE code system and the KIKO3D code

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Panka, Istvan; Kereszturi, Andras [Hungarian Academy of Sciences, Budapest (Hungary). Reactor Analysis Dept.

    2013-09-15

    In this paper the uncertainties of the neutronic calculations at core level - originating from the uncertainties of the basic nuclear data - are presented. The investigations have been made for a VVER-1000 core (Kozloduy-6) defined in the frame of the OECD NEA UAM benchmark. In the first part of the paper, the uncertainties of the effective multiplication factor, the assembly-wise radial power distribution, the axial power distribution and the rod worth are shown. After that the preliminary evaluation of the uncertainties of the neutron kinetic calculations are presented for a rod movement transient at HZP (Hot Zero Power) state, where the uncertainties of the time dependent core and assembly powers and the dynamic reactivity were evaluated. In both cases, we will see that the most important quantities - at core level and at HZP state - have a considerable uncertainty which is originating from the uncertainties of the basic cross section library in these investigations. (orig.)

  4. PERBEDAAN SIFAT MEKANIK KAWAT ORTODONTIK JENIS BAJA TAHAN KARAT AKIBAT PENGARUH STRUKTUR MIKRO (Studi in-vitro

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Siti Triaminingsih

    2015-08-01

    Full Text Available The orthodontist has chosen the stainless-steel as a wire of choice that has a great property in elastic deformity and formability. However, some stainless-steel orthodontic wire that was found has low formability. The degree of plastic deformation during the drawing process will affect the microstructure and then to the mechanical properties of the wire. The purpose of this study was to prove that the mechanical properties of the stainless-steel orthodontic wire affected by their microstructure. The microstructure was evaluated before and after being annealed at 1050oC, and the grain size was measured from the annealed samples. Six sample of two stainless-steel orthodontic wires (RMO and Wilcock were used to determine their tensile strength by using the universal testing machine. The area of the surface fracture was measured to determine the ductility. The wire hardness was tested by using the Micro Vickers Hardness Tester. The results showe that the Wilcock wire has a smaller grain size, higher hardness number, and higher tensile strength, but lower in ductility. In conclusion, the Wilcock wires have a lower formability than the RMO wires.

  5. The Effect of Exercise on Urinary Gamma-Glutamyltransferase and Protein Levels in Elite Female Karate Athletes

    OpenAIRE

    Shavandi, Nader; Samiei, Abolfazl; Afshar, Reza; Saremi, Abbas; Sheikhhoseini, Rahman

    2012-01-01

    Purpose Post exercise proteinuria and increased urinary Gamma-Glutamyl transferase (GGT) levels can be indicative of exercise-induced renal damage. The aim of this investigation is to study the effect of one session of intensive training on renal damage markers and compare their values to those 6 hours after training. Methods In this cross-sectional study with pre- and post-test design, 10 elite volunteer female athletes were selected and participated in one training session (2 hours). Urine ...

  6. 生涯スポーツとしての沖縄空手 (1) : 空手人口の動態

    OpenAIRE

    金城, 光子; 外間, 哲弘; Kinjo, Mitsuko; Hokama, Tetsuhiro

    1994-01-01

    This paper is a case study of Okinawan Karate, one of the Traditional Okinawan Martial Arts, as a lifelong exercise. The Karate-population ranges over all ages and sexes, which indicates the possibility of Karate to be one of the lifelong sports anybody can go on. As the first step to prove the position of Karate in our daily life, therefore, the main concern of this paper is the research of the Karate-population in Okinawa.

  7. The Carer's Cookbook - A Month of Balanced Meals and Recipes Carolyn Peacock The Carer's Cookbook - A Month of Balanced Meals and Recipes Draycott Nursing & Care 143pp £15.99 0 954 1024 0 1 0954102401 [Formula: see text].

    Science.gov (United States)

    2009-08-26

    First published in 2001, this cookbook is a godsend for nurses and carers who lack confidence in the kitchen. Angela Hamlin, founder of Draycott Nursing & Care, says the need for a simple recipe book became apparent when interviewing prospective staff: 'Their repertoire often consisted of cooking sausages or stir-fry.'

  8. Gender and Environment in the Macrostructure: On Environmental History Research of Carolyn Merchant%宏观结构中的性别与环境——卡洛琳·麦茜特的环境史研究

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    严玉芳

    2014-01-01

    卡洛琳·麦茜特,美国著名环境史学家,在美国的环境史研究中独树一帜.她重视从宏观维度探讨历史上人与自然的相互关系,提出了由生态、生产、再生产和意识四因素组成的生态革命理论结构.该四因素作为麦茜特进行历史分析的基本概念,它们的辩证演化,成为她开展环境史研究的基本理念.同时,她从性别视角将四因素纳入具体的历史语境之中,探讨了自科学革命以来性别与环境互动关系的历史面貌.她的研究不但为人们从宏观上解读历史上人与自然的相互关系提供了新颖的结构范式,而且增添了环境史研究的重要维度,因而有助于促进环境史的多元化发展.

  9. Axiomatic Specification of Database Domain Statics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, Roel

    1987-01-01

    In the past ten years, much work has been done to add more structure to database models 1 than what is represented by a mere collection of flat relations (Albano & Cardelli [1985], Albano et al. [1986], Borgida eta. [1984], Brodie [1984], Brodie & Ridjanovic [1984], Brodie & Silva (1982], Codd (1979

  10. Axiomatic Specification of Database Domain Statics

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wieringa, Roelf J.

    1987-01-01

    In the past ten years, much work has been done to add more structure to database models 1 than what is represented by a mere collection of flat relations (Albano & Cardelli [1985], Albano et al. [1986], Borgida eta. [1984], Brodie [1984], Brodie & Ridjanovic [1984], Brodie & Silva (1982], Codd

  11. One Case:Brodie Abscess of Collum Femoris with Flowing Abscess in Quadriceps Femoris%股骨颈Brodie骨脓肿伴股四头肌流注脓肿1例报告

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    刘海明; 袁国奇; 熊诗俊

    2004-01-01

    患者 男,40岁,因左髋部反复疼痛10年,加重1周入院。10年来患者反复出现左髋疼痛,活动时明显,不伴有畏寒、发热。近1周左髋疼痛持续性加剧,伴有发热。T37.8℃,WBC18.2×109/L。体查:左髋部、大腿近端前外侧明显红肿,皮温升高,局部压痛,左髋关节活动功能受限。

  12. A Discussion on 74 karat Direct Imaging Printing Press%74karat型直接成像印刷机评析

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    潘杰

    2002-01-01

    @@ 随着信息社会的到来,平版印刷机的设计和制造也进行着一场革命.计算机控制的74karat型直接成像印刷机满足了印刷工业的要求,即缩短了工作准备时间和减少了印刷的中间环节,传递真正有效、质好的四色印刷品,它是印刷工业的两个著名生产商Scitex公司和KBA公司强强联手的结晶.

  13. Mind, Body, and Spirit: The Benefits of Martial Arts Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Karrie P.

    1997-01-01

    Explains how martial arts, specifically karate, can benefit today's youth. States that karate promotes physical fitness, and also helps students learn to relax and calm their bodies, develop strong mind/body connections, and enhance mental calmness. Karate students also show increased self-esteem, attain goals, and develop an understanding of…

  14. Mind, Body, and Spirit: The Benefits of Martial Arts Training.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Walters, Karrie P.

    1997-01-01

    Explains how martial arts, specifically karate, can benefit today's youth. States that karate promotes physical fitness, and also helps students learn to relax and calm their bodies, develop strong mind/body connections, and enhance mental calmness. Karate students also show increased self-esteem, attain goals, and develop an understanding of…

  15. Investigation and Development of the Karat Gold Alloys for Jewelries (1):Colored and White Karat Gold Alloys%首饰用开金合金的研究与发展(1):彩色及白色开金合金

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永俐; 李关芳

    2004-01-01

    Au作为首饰和饰品材料有几千年悠久历史,人们对彩色Au的追求可追溯到公元前.作者较为系统地综述了彩色开金合金的色度测量以及近期彩色和白色开金合金的研究与发展,为各种彩色和白色开金合金的研究开发提供了参考.

  16. 首饰用开金合金的研究与发展(2):首饰用开金合金的冶金学特性及强化机制%Investigation and Development of the Karat Gold Alloys for Jewelries (2):Metallurgical Features and Strengthening Mechanism of the Karat Gold Alloys for Jewelries

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    张永俐; 李关芳

    2004-01-01

    开金合金强度、硬度高,色彩丰富,可满足人们对首饰色彩多样性和饰品耐用性的要求,因而广泛用于首饰行业.作者综述了Au-Ag-Cu、Au-Ag-pd和Au-Cu-Ni等首饰用主要合金系统的冶金学特性,重点评述了首饰用Au-Ag-Cu系开金合金的强化机制和强化途径的研究现状及发展,包括晶粒尺寸控制的强化、冷加工硬化、合金元素固溶强化、热处理强化以及微合金化强化等.

  17. 77 FR 59061 - Extension of Temporary Registration of Municipal Advisors

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-09-26

    ... Strategies, dated October 5, 2010; Steve Apfelbacher, President, National Association of Independent Public Finance Advisors, dated October 8, 2010; Carolyn Walsh, Vice President and Senior Counsel, Center...

  18. United States Air Force Statistical Digest, Fiscal Year 2000

    Science.gov (United States)

    2000-09-30

    Catlin Chief, Mideast/Africa Division Col Jack Gregory Chief, Pacific Division Col Frank Kisner Chief, Saudi Arabia Division Col Rich...Corsi Director, Operations Support VACANT Director, Information Planning Mr Terry Balven Director, Departmental Publishing Ms Carolyn Watkins Director...AF Declassification Office Lt Col Don Dyrda Director (Plans, Programs and Budget) Ms Carolyn Lumsford Director (Security & Investigative Programs) Mr

  19. Writing Stories: Ideas, Exercises, and Encouragement for Teachers and Writers of All Ages

    Science.gov (United States)

    Coman, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    Award-winning author Carolyn Coman has made a career out of writing stories for children and young adults as well as teaching writing to people of all ages. She believes that the essence of good writing, no matter the genre, is the ability to craft a solid story. In this innovative book, Carolyn provides advice, strategies, and inspiration…

  20. Ethnographic Interviewing for Teacher Preparation and Staff Development: A Field Guide

    Science.gov (United States)

    Frank, Carolyn

    2011-01-01

    Are you using interviews in your classroom? Carolyn Frank's new book on interviewing is a powerful tool for teachers and educational researchers. Through an anthropological frame, this book explains techniques for ethnographic interviews and observations in and out of the classroom. Carolyn Frank shows how teachers in particular can use…

  1. Becoming Qualified to Teach Low-literate Refugees: A Case Study of One Volunteer Instructor

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perry, Kristen H.

    2013-01-01

    This case study investigates Carolyn, an effective volunteer ESL and literacy instructor of adult African refugees, in order to understand both what it means to be a qualified instructor, and also how community-based volunteer instructors may become more qualified. The study's findings suggest that Carolyn's qualifications are a…

  2. A Mobile, Map-Based Tasking Interface for Human-Robot Interaction

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-12-01

    the one of the fastest but least accurate methods of interaction (Muratore, 1987; Ahlström and Lenman, 1987; Karat et al., 1986) . However, these...claims of Muratore (1987); Ahlström and Lenman (1987); and Karat et al. (1986) which state that touch-based interaction is faster, but less accurate...interaction versus mouse-based interaction were also compared. Once again, the claimes of Muratore (1987); Ahlström and Lenman (1987); and Karat et al

  3. Better Collaborative Working is Likely to Increase Uptake of Library Resources in a University Setting. A review of: Hightower, Barbara, Carolyn Rawl, and Michelle Schutt. “Collaborations for Delivering the Library to Students Through WebCT.” Reference Services Review 35.4 (2007: 541-51.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    John Loy

    2008-06-01

    Full Text Available Objectives – To ascertain the extent to which university faculty members are integrating library resources within the WebCT course management system / managed learning environment. Also, to identify the reasons why faculty members are not integrating library resources within WebCT, and to explore their willingness to do so in future. Design – Case study with survey questionnaire and selected interview follow up.Setting – Urban campus of Auburn University in Montgomery, Alabama, United States of America.Subjects – One hundred and two members of faculty received a questionnaire. Five follow-up interviews were conducted.Methods – One hundred and two members of faculty with WebCT-supported courses received a questionnaire. They were asked to indicate if they linked to library resources, and if so which specific ones (e.g. library homepage, online catalogue, etc.. If they did not link to library resources they were asked to indicate the reason why not, either by selecting one or more of five pre-selected reasons, or by detailing their own. Follow-up interviews were conducted with five respondents, two of whom (Education and Nursing linked to library resources, and three of whom (from Business, Education and Science did not. Server log reports were also examined to identify how many students were entering library resources from WebCT.Main Results – The survey response rate was 28% (29 individuals, and of these Nursing and Sciences were the highest users with 7 individuals in each faculty. Of the 29 respondents only 7 (24% currently linked to library resources. Nursing were the biggest group with 10 links (38% of the total, Science with 6 (23% and 5 each from Liberal Arts and Education (19%. The resources chosen to link to were• Article databases (6• Library homepage (5• Ask a Librarian e-mail service(3• Net library e-book collection (3Six other library resources scored lower and two were not linked to at all. While few respondents actually provided links at present, 77% of those did express an interest in doing so in the future. Almost a third of respondents asked to be contacted to learn more about how to provide links and to learn more about library services.Only 57 incidents of students linking through to library resources from WebCT occurred in the study period. Conclusion – Numbers of faculty currently providing links from WebCT to the library is very small, and few students find their way to library resources via this route. However, interest generated by the survey and follow up indicates that this may be a valuable means of promoting library resources.

  4. Effect of experimental methods for selective development of motor skills of young karatists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Volodymir Galimskyi

    2014-11-01

    Full Text Available Purpose: justify, develop and experimentally verify the effectiveness of the pilot program of development of physical qualities of young karate during pre-basic training. Material and Methods: The study was conducted on 52 karate 10–12 years. Applied pedagogical experiment, teacher testing and statistical methods. Results: identify the means program development and evaluation criteria of physical fitness of young karate. Conclusions: The use of the author's program contributed to a more significant increase in special physical preparedness karate experimental group.

  5. 試合形式の異なる空手道競技者における筋力発揮及び有酸素的作業能力の比較

    OpenAIRE

    藤瀬,武彦; 杉山, 文宏; 松永,尚久; 豊嶋,建広; 長崎, 浩爾

    1998-01-01

    The purpose of this study was to compare the strength performance and aerobic capacity between male non-contact karatedo athletes (N-karate) and male full-contact karatedo athletes (F-karate). There were two groups consisting of seven N-karate (weight : 65 ±3 kg) and seven F-karate (80±6 kg). The control group consisted of eighteen male university students (N-control) weighing 65±3 kg and eighteen male students (F-control) weighing 80±3 kg. All were measured for anthropometric characteristics...

  6. 13 Tons of High Tech: The 74 Karat%13吨重的高科技--从个案分析看74Karat数字印刷机

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Dieter Kleeberg; 文立

    2001-01-01

    @@ 74 Karat是由德国高宝(KBA)公司与以色列赛天使(Scitex)公司联合研制,并由这两家公司共同出资成立的Karat数字印刷机有限公司生产的一种数字化胶印机.这种设备不同于以色列Indigo公司、美国Xerox公司及比利时Xeikon公司等推出的非接触式数字印刷机.从原理上,它更接近其竞争对手海德堡公司推出的在机直接制版的DI系列数字化印刷机.为了更好地了解这种先进的设备,在这里,我们从几个具体的应用实例入手,探讨一下这种设备的技术性能与适用范围.

  7. 潞安矿区岩溶陷落柱相关因素分析%Corretated Factor Analysis of Karat Collapse Column in Lu'an Mining Area

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    史红霞

    2004-01-01

    分析了潞安矿区地质构造、地应力场、地下水对岩溶陷落柱生成发育及导水性的影响,对岩溶陷落柱的分布规律及突水危险性进行了预测.对矿井安全生产和防治水有一定的指导意义.

  8. Enlightenment of Propagation of Kickboxing,Karate and Judo to that of Wushu%跆拳道、空手道、柔道传播对武术传播的启示

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    郭玉成

    2004-01-01

    从传播学的视角出发,研究跆拳道、空手道、柔道成功传播对武术传播的启示.其主要传播方式方法为,有杰出的传播者;传播内容相对简单;注重道德与技术的融合;选择了大学生这一传播对象;使用组织传播的方式;进入学校体育课程;理论与技术传播并重;使用了表演传播与派遣教练员相结合的方式;通过多种形式的国际性比赛进行传播;针对奥运会进行了技术改革;抓住了承办奥运会的契机等.

  9. Spor efter guldsmede fra vikingetiden i Viborg

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kristensen, Hans Krongaard

    1989-01-01

    Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde.......Fund af digler og en patrice til produktion af guldsmedearbejde af høj karat. Patrice til det ene Hornelundspænde....

  10. India-U.S. Relations

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-08-12

    www.armscontrol.org/node/3240]. 20 Prakash Karat , “Left Will Not Compromise,” People’s Democracy (New Delhi), June 29, 2008; “India’s Left-Wing to Reconsider...nuclear weapons in the future and threaten its foreign policy independence.30 An urgent meeting between Singh and communist leader Prakash Karat

  11. PESTICIDES EFFICIENCY IN WHEAT PRODUCTION

    OpenAIRE

    2009-01-01

    It is suggested that the Karate Zeon insecticide is highly effective in wheat protection against pests. The profitability of soft spring wheat production with the above preparation used is about 176%. The economic effect of Karate Zeon is the same as that of Krezatsin, Mival and TMTD Plus preparations that are used for wheat seeds treatment against plant diseases

  12. Ukraine’s Orange Revolution and U.S. Policy

    Science.gov (United States)

    2005-04-01

    extend into Poland an oil pipeline that currently runs from an oil terminal at the port of Odesa to the town of Brody. The Odesa -Brody pipeline could...be used to transport Caspian Sea oil through Georgia, across the Black Sea in tankers to the Odesa -Brody pipeline and into Western Europe, thereby...pipeline currently runs in “reverse mode,” transporting Russian oil to the Odesa terminal and out to the Mediterranean Sea. CRS-5 Ukraine’s new

  13. 77 FR 68135 - National Institute of Mental Health; Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-11-15

    ... with 256 MB of RAM (Recommended); (E) Java Virtual Machine enabled (Recommended). Individuals who..., 2012. Carolyn A. Baum, Program Analyst, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy. BILLING CODE 4140...

  14. 77 FR 52336 - National Institute of Mental Health Notice of Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-29

    ... (Recommended); (E) Java Virtual Machine enabled (Recommended). Individuals who participate by using this... available on the Web site: www.iacc.hhs.gov . Dated: August 23, 2012. Carolyn A. Baum, Program Analyst...

  15. 77 FR 51772 - Pacific Fishery Management Council; Public Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-08-27

    ... and Statistical Committee 8 a.m. Economics and Groundfish Subcommittees. Enforcement Consultants As... disabilities. Requests for sign language interpretation or other auxiliary aids should be directed to Carolyn...

  16. Reflections on Refraction.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iona, Mario; Beaty, William J.

    1988-01-01

    Presents two views about lenses and optics in attempt to clarify a story written by Carolyn Hermann, "Through the Magnifying Glass." Cites two references for additional reading on students' optics difficulties. (RT)

  17. PENi kirjandusauhinnad selgunud : [sõnum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Nabokovi-preemia Mario Vargas Llosale; Laura Pelsi auhind Tony Kushnerile ja Maria Irene Fornesile; uudsena noortele kirjanike määratava Robert Binghami auhinna saavad Carolyn Cooke, Matthew Klam ja Manil Suri

  18. PENi kirjandusauhinnad selgunud : [sõnum

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    2002-01-01

    Nabokovi-preemia Mario Vargas Llosale; Laura Pelsi auhind Tony Kushnerile ja Maria Irene Fornesile; uudsena noortele kirjanike määratava Robert Binghami auhinna saavad Carolyn Cooke, Matthew Klam ja Manil Suri

  19. Self-Healing Concrete

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    履之

    1994-01-01

    Although concrete is an excellent building material because of its abili-ty to withstand stress and compression, it is susceptible to cracking. Car-olyn Dry, an associate professor of architecture at the University of Illinois

  20. Placental Vascular Tree as Biomarker of Autism/ASD Risk

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-09-01

    Carolyn M. Salafia, MD, MS, NYS Institute for Basic Research in Developmental Disabilities (IBR), 1050 Forest Hill Road, Staten Island, NY, 10314. Co...Carolyn M Salafia, MD, Institute for Basic Research (IBR), 1050 Forest Hill Road, Staten Island, NY, 10314. Co-Investigators: Michael Yampolsky, PhD...computer platforms; and Maplesoft Maple 9.0 Math & Engineering software. Placental histopathology diagnoses Placental disease was characterized by gross

  1. From Different Beginnings

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    1996-01-01

    CAROLYN Fitzpatrick was surprised when Rosalie Waller, her student at the Canberra School of Arts, Australia, came to her one day and said, "I’ve come to say good-bye because I’m going to live in Beijing." "Oh, how marvelous!" cried Carolyn, who had just heard that she and her husband Martin were going to live in Beijing six months after Rosalie left.

  2. Book Review: Reinventing Eden: the fate of nature in Western culture

    OpenAIRE

    Davidson, Ronald A.

    2005-01-01

    courses on economy-culture relationships. At the research level, it will be equally invaluable. I dare you not to buy it. Manchester University NOEL CASTREE Reinventing Eden: the fate of nature in Western culture. By Carolyn Merchant. New York: Routledge. 2003. 308 pp. $25.00 paper. ISBN: 0 41593 l64 9. Was Eve of the Bible the first scientist? After all, as Carolyn Merchant remarks in Reinventing Eden, Eve's consumption of the forbidden ...

  3. Genetics Home Reference: Fabry disease

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... AJ, Germain DP, Goldman M, Grabowski G, Packman S, Wilcox WR. Fabry disease, an under-recognized multisystemic disorder: ... Sims K, Brodie SE, Pastores GM, Strotmann JM, Wilcox WR. Fabry disease: guidelines for the evaluation and ...

  4. Aging changes in the face

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... this page: //medlineplus.gov/ency/article/004004.htm Aging changes in the face To use the sharing ... face with age References Brodie SE, Francis JH. Aging and disorders of the eye. In: Fillit HM, ...

  5. Tahe saatuse vastu / Mari Laaniste

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Laaniste, Mari, 1977-

    2007-01-01

    Lühiarvustus avangardistina tuntud briti režissööri esimesele Hollywoody filmile "Hullusärk" ("The Jacket") : Saksamaa - Ameerika Ühendriigid 2005. Lühiandmed ka peaosatäitja Adrien Brody kohta

  6. RHM 4.indb

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    Jane

    role in ensuring the achievement of customer satisfaction (Tsai. 2013), which leads to .... 2013) and revenue growth (Brodie et al. 2011) for firms, which is ...... the contract for health and wellness: health behaviours, health care costs, disability ...

  7. 岩溶地质钻孔桩施工技术%Karst Geology Bored Pile Construction Technique

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    程军

    2012-01-01

    According to the Karat geological structure features, the article describes the treating points of bridge bored pile construction in Karat geology, and presents different Karat geological structures.%针对卡斯特地区的地质构成特点,本文主要论述了岩溶地质条件下的桥梁钻孔桩施工根据其不同类别分类处理要点控制,并简要的对岩溶地质不同的结构情况予以了说明.

  8. The Evolution of Kicking Techniques in Taekwondo

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Udo Moenig

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of the study is to explain the evolution of kicking techniques of taekwondo and to provide a historical time frame for this process. This study analyzes early karate and taekwondo literature, including diverse and varied Korean sources. In addition, some interviews were conducted with relevant persons of the period researched. Taekwondo and karate training and techniques had been very similar until the 1960s. However, taekwondo diverged from karate techniques with the introduction of full-contact competitions during the 1960s.

  9. The Interplay Between Dynamics and Networks: Centrality, Communities, and Cheeger Inequality

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-08-23

    These net- works come from different domains, and embody a variety of dynamic processes and interactions, from real world friend- ships (Zachary karate ...ti o n a ry C e n tr a lit y Centrality profiles on Zachary’s Karate Club 0 0.25 0.5 0.75 1 0 30 60 90 Node S ta ti o n a ry C e n tr a lit y... Karate Club 34 78 5 0.588 A toy social network Word Adjacency 112 425 5 0.19 A disassortative network House of Representatives 434 51033 4 0.882 A dense

  10. Instability in Caucasus and Central Asia and Caspian Basin Energy Resources Management

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-11-02

    Omisalj (Croatia)- accord Trieste (Italy). safeguarding the Omisalj has also project, as well as been proposed as financial backing. a terminus Odesa ...Brody Odesa -Brody; 180,000 bbl/d; 400 miles $465 million for ivdenny (Yuzhnyi) (Ukraine) optional spurs to ultimate capacity pipeline and oil terminal...near the northern 600,000-800,000 terminal; $140 Odesa almost Druzhba line at bbl/d million spent completed; Plotsk, Poland, using revenues pipeline

  11. Interesting clinical presentation of anterior knee pain causing diagnostic dilemma.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Morgan, Samer S; Balasubramanian, S; Teanby, D

    2009-09-01

    A diverse variety of lesions may occasionally occur in the patella. In this case report, we are presenting an interesting case of anterior knee pain in middle aged gentleman. Initial investigations including Magnetic Resonance Imaging not showed any abnormality. Due to prolonged continued pain he had bone scan and MRI, which confirmed the diagnosis of Brodie's abscess. We are presenting this case of Brodie's abscess of the patella causing diagnostic dilemma because of its rarity.

  12. In pursuit of empowerment: Sensei Nellie Kleinsmidt, race and gender challenges in South Africa.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Jones, D E

    2001-01-01

    This chapter traces the way in which Nellie Kleinsmidt, known as the grandmother of karate in Africa, has negotiated discriminatory practices and overcome race and gender-related struggles, including the struggle to free the female body, in pursuit of empowerment. It explores her expectations and the constraints and frustrations she experienced, as well as the many contributions she has made to women's karate in South Africa. Nellie Kleinsmidt's karate career, which began in 1965, coincided with the early developments of South African karate. As a woman of colour her life and karate career were significantly shaped by apartheid legislation. It divided the country into areas of occupancy and residency according to race and was designed to prevent contact between the people of the government defined race groups. Black karate-kas were prohibited by law from practising karate in white designated areas. Lack of facilities and qualified instructors in areas allocated to Kleinsmidt's race group meant that she received very little formal karate instruction between 1966 and 1973. Soon after, she met Johan Roux, a white male. He was to become her chief karate instructor and life-long companion. They defied the apartheid legislation and in 1978 set up home together. They organized defiance campaigns, resisting the pressures from government to close their dojo because of its non-racial policies. Freeing her body at the broader political level involved the abolition of the race categories and all other apartheid legislation which impacted on her life choices and experiences. Initially this struggle and that of freeing her body occurred simultaneously. In her ongoing struggle against gender discrimination in the sport, it was in karate that Nellie Kleinsmidt could strive for the personal empowerment she sought. She could however not translate this into freedom in South African society itself. The impact of apartheid legislation together with the imposition of a sports moratorium

  13. Living with Thrombocytopenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... of Intramural Research Research Resources Research Meeting Summaries Technology Transfer Clinical Trials What Are Clinical Trials? Children & ... and bleeding. Don't take part in contact sports such as boxing, football, or karate. These sports ...

  14. Benefits of Non-Competitive Push-Hands Practice

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Herman P. Kauz

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The 1936 “masters meeting” sponsored by the Ryukyu Newspaper Company—a gathering of karate masters, journalists, and government leaders—gives us some indication of the political realities at play in Japan in the early decades of the 20th century and how they may have affected Okinawan karate. Tradition often seems as though it is a safeguard against change. However, the reality is that a resurgence of nationalism fed an anti-Chinese bias and an effort to assimilate Okinawan culture; both affected karate. With economic hardships in Okinawa and a desire to popularize karate, traditions did change. Some teachers sought ways to preserve traditional Okinawan martial arts within this changing political landscape. But at what cost?

  15. Living with Immune Thrombocytopenia

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... take part in contact sports, such as boxing, football, or karate. Other sports, such as skiing or horseback riding, also put you at risk for injuries that can cause bleeding. Some safe activities are ...

  16. Socio-economic and environmental effects of tourism in Konso ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    The local communities ' perception of these impacts is also a vital subject that ... This study was conducted to assess the perception of Konso-Karat communities, ... the impacts of tourism in broadening rural to urban migration, criminal acts, ...

  17. Some disconnected speculations on slicing silicon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Iles, P. A.

    1982-02-01

    The basic principles for qualifying silicon wafering methods are summarized, and unconventional methods of wafering was discussed. Methods of cleaving analogous to diamond cutting, geological processes employing the expansion of freezing water, and karate chops are touched upon.

  18. Effects of selected defoliants in combination with insecticides on sweetpotato whitefly (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae) and its parasitoids in cotton

    Science.gov (United States)

    Effects of two defoliants, Def (S, S, Stributylphosphorotrithioate) and Dropp (thidiazuron) alone and in combination with two commonly used insecticides, a pyrethroid, Karate (lambda-cyhalothrin) and an organophosphate, Guthion (azinphosmethyl) on sweetpotato whitefly, Bemisia tabaci Gennadius Bioty...

  19. Selgusi selle aasta parimad sportlased / Ketlin Bejaev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bejaev, Ketlin

    2006-01-01

    Tartu tänavune parim meessportlane on karate maailmameister Marko Luhamaa, tema treener Jüri Post pälvis aasta treeneri tiitli. Parimaks naissportlaseks tunnistati laskeorienteerumise maailmameister Eveli Saue

  20. Selgusi selle aasta parimad sportlased / Ketlin Bejaev

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Bejaev, Ketlin

    2006-01-01

    Tartu tänavune parim meessportlane on karate maailmameister Marko Luhamaa, tema treener Jüri Post pälvis aasta treeneri tiitli. Parimaks naissportlaseks tunnistati laskeorienteerumise maailmameister Eveli Saue

  1. Why Exercise Is Wise

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... person's sports performance. Some activities, like dance or martial arts, obviously require great flexibility, but increased flexibility also ... activities that encourage flexibility are easy to find. Martial arts like karate also help a person stay flexible. ...

  2. Exercise and activity for weight loss

    Science.gov (United States)

    ... begin to notice other benefits. Improved sleep and self-esteem might be a couple of them. Other benefits ... good start. You can also try joining a dance, yoga, or karate class. You could also join ...

  3. Laboratorio para la homologación de tatamis a nivel mundial

    OpenAIRE

    2013-01-01

    [EN] The sports flooring is a key element in sports practice, both from the point of view of safety and performance. In sports such as karate, this importance is heightened given the speed of movement that this sport demands and falls suffered by sportsmen during the course of it. In this sense, the World Karate Federation has carried out a study with the Biomechanics Institute of Valencia to work on a tatamiapproval process to ensure appropriate behavior and homogeneous thereof. [ES] El p...

  4. Hematological, oxidative stress, and immune status profiling in elite combat sport athletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Dopsaj, Violeta; Martinovic, Jelena; Dopsaj, Milivoj; Kasum, Goran; Kotur-Stevuljevic, Jelena; Koropanovski, Nenad

    2013-12-01

    The aim of this study was to profile hematological, oxidative stress, and immunological parameters in male athletes who practiced combat sports and to determine whether the type of combat sport influenced the measured parameters. Eighteen karate professionals, 15 wrestlers, and 14 kickboxers participated in the study. Hematological, iron-related, oxidative stress, and immunological parameters were measured at the beginning of a precompetitive period. The general linear model showed significant differences between the karate professionals, wrestlers, and kickboxers with respect to their hematological and iron status parameters (Wilks' Lambda = 0.270, F = 2.186, p < 0.05) and oxidative stress status (Wilks' Lambda = 0.529, F = 1.940, p < 0.05). The immature reticulocyte fraction was significantly higher in wrestlers (0.30 ± 0.03) compared with kickboxers (0.24 ± 0.04; p < 0.05) and karate professionals (0.26 ± 0.04; p < 0.05). Low hemoglobin density was significantly lower in wrestlers and kickboxers (p < 0.05) compared with karate professionals (karate: 3.51 ± 1.19, wrestlers: 1.95 ± 1.10, and kickboxers: 1.77 ± 0.76). Significant differences were observed between the karate professionals and wrestlers with respect to their pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance (437 ± 103 vs. 323 ± 148, p < 0.05) and superoxide-dismutase activity (SOD) (73 ± 37 vs. 103 ± 30, p < 0.05). All the measured parameters (with the exception of SOD activity) fell within their physiological ranges, indicating that the study participants represented a young and healthy male population. Hematological parameters differed between kickboxers and karate professionals. The low pro-oxidant-antioxidant balance and high SOD activity in wrestlers could be associated with the long-term impact of wrestling as a type of strenuous exercise.

  5. Martial arts injuries.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pieter, Willy

    2005-01-01

    To review the current evidence for the epidemiology of pediatric injuries in martial arts. The relevant literature was searched using SPORT DISCUS (keywords: martial arts injuries, judo injuries, karate injuries, and taekwondo injuries and ProQuest (keywords: martial arts, taekwondo, karate, and judo), as well as hand searches of the reference lists. In general, the absolute number of injuries in girls is lower than in boys. However, when expressed relative to exposure, the injury rates of girls are higher. Injuries by body region reflect the specific techniques and rules of the martial art. The upper extremities tend to get injured more often in judo, the head and face in karate and the lower extremities in taekwondo. Activities engaged in at the time of injury included performing a kick or being thrown in judo, while punching in karate, and performing a roundhouse kick in taekwondo. Injury type tends to be martial art specific with sprains reported in judo and taekwondo and epistaxis in karate. Injury risk factors in martial arts include age, body weight and exposure. Preventive measures should focus on education of coaches, referees, athletes, and tournament directors. Although descriptive research should continue, analytical studies are urgently needed.

  6. Spectral Statistics of RR Intervals in ECG

    CERN Document Server

    Martinis, M; Knezevic, A; Crnugelj, J

    2003-01-01

    The statistical properties (fluctuations) of heartbeat intervals (RR intervals) in ECG are studied and compared with the predictions of Random Matrix Theory (RMT). It is found that heartbeat intervals only locally exhibit the fluctuation patterns (universality) predicted by the RMT. This finding shows that heartbeat dynamics is of the mixed type where regular and irregular (chaotic) regimes coexist and the Berry-Robnik theory can be applied. It is also observed that the distribution of heartbeat intervals is well described by the one-parameter Brody distribution. The parameter $\\beta $ of the Brody distribution is seen to be connected with the dynamical state of the heart.

  7. Eosinophilic granuloma of the capital femoral epiphysis.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Goto, Takahiro; Nemoto, Tetsuo; Ogura, Koichi; Imanishi, Jungo; Hozumi, Takahiro; Funata, Nobuaki

    2011-05-01

    Eosinophilic granuloma occurs almost exclusively in the diaphysis or metaphysis, when tubular bones are affected. The investigators present an extremely rare case of eosinophilic granuloma arising at the epiphysis of the femoral head in an 8-year-old boy. Plain radiographs and computed tomography showed a well-circumscribed radiolucent lesion, suggesting chondroblastoma or Brodie's abscess. However, the findings on magnetic resonance images were different from typical features of chondroblastoma or Brodie's abscess. The lesion was curetted. Histological diagnosis was eosinophilic granuloma. Differential diagnoses of a radiolucent lesion at the epiphysis in a child should include, though quite rare, eosinophilic granuloma.

  8. Biology Teacher's Flipped Classroom: "A Simple Thing, But It's so Powerful"

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pearson, George

    2012-01-01

    Carolyn Durley is a veteran Biology teacher who adopted the Flipped Classroom in the 2011-2012 school year, the same year as Graham Johnson adopted it for Math. They both teach in Okanagan Mission Secondary School in Kelowna , B.C. This paper offers Durley's observations regarding her adoption of Flipped Classroom. She narrates her teaching…

  9. Metagenre on the WPA-L: Transitional Threads as Nexus for Micro/Macro-Level Discourse on the Dissertation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Pantelides, Kate

    2015-01-01

    In Carolyn Miller's "Rhetorical Community: The Cultural Basis of Genre," she revisits her assertion that genres are cultural artifacts and questions the nature of the relationship between micro-level, individual speech acts, and macro-level genres and systems. To demonstrate this relationship, I analyze "meta-genre" accounts of…

  10. Raising Voices: Teaching Teen Girls to Speak Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidoff, Paula; Hunt, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    Teaching artists know that many of the children they teach are being deprived of essential human experiences. Poverty, violence, and ineffective education have left them with little hope of emotional or material success, and a student's connection to an artist can change his or her life in little and big ways. Paula Davidoff and Carolyn Hunt are…

  11. 78 FR 19291 - Notice of Availability of the Draft Billings and Pompeys Pillar National Monument Resource...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-29

    .../billings_field_office/rmp.html . FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Carolyn Sherve-Bybee, RMP Team Lead, 406... of firearms, archery hunting may be allowed if deemed necessary by Montana Fish, Wildlife, and Parks... restricting human activity along the rims that might adversely affect the nesting birds. Grove Creek ACEC...

  12. Raising Voices: Teaching Teen Girls to Speak Out

    Science.gov (United States)

    Davidoff, Paula; Hunt, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    Teaching artists know that many of the children they teach are being deprived of essential human experiences. Poverty, violence, and ineffective education have left them with little hope of emotional or material success, and a student's connection to an artist can change his or her life in little and big ways. Paula Davidoff and Carolyn Hunt are…

  13. STS-54 Physics of Toys

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-01-01

    Greg Vogt, NASA Headquarters Education Specialist, and Carolyn Sumners, Houston Museum of Natural Science, give an overview of the spaceborne experiments that will take place on the STS-54 Endeavour mission. Mr. Vogt discusses the objectives and procedures of the experiments, which are structured around using toys to show the effects of microgravity. Mr. Vogt and Ms. Sumners then answer questions from the press.

  14. Reference: 99 [Arabidopsis Phenome Database[Archive

    Lifescience Database Archive (English)

    Full Text Available 99 http://metadb.riken.jp/db/SciNetS_ria224i/cria224u4ria224u15286287i Gaspar Yolanda Maria...-71 15286287 2004 Aug Plant physiology Bacic Antony|Gaspar Yolanda Maria|Gelvin Stanton B|Gilson Paul R|Lee Lan-Ying|Nam Jaesung|Schultz Carolyn Jane

  15. 77 FR 35457 - Self-Regulatory Organizations; Financial Industry Regulatory Authority, Inc.; Notice of Filing of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-06-13

    ..., 2011 (``NSCP Letter''); William A. Jacobson, Associate Clinical Professor, and Carolyn L. Nguyen.... Jacobson, Associate Clinical Professor of Law, Cornell Law School, and Director, Cornell Securities Law... enactment of the Jumpstart Our Business Startups Act of 2012 (``JOBS Act''). In particular, the...

  16. Measuring the Foundation of Homeland Security

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-03-01

    Force (also referred to as humanistic psychology) was a body of knowledge and theories separate from the behaviorist and Freudian movements...Eduardo Salas and Carolyn Prince, Team Performance Assessment and Measurement: Theory , Methods, and Applications (Mahwah, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates...Team Theory in a Unified Command Environment at Catastrophic Incidents” (Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, CA, 2005). 18 Andrea Saveri, Howard

  17. Place of the Pretend People: Gifts from a Yup'ik Eskimo Village.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kremers, Carolyn

    In 1986, Colorado native Carolyn Kremers accepted an invitation to teach music and English at a school in Tununak, a remote Yup'ik Eskimo village on Nelson Island, Alaska. This memoir recounts her experiences as a teacher, and also her reflections on music, the outdoors, teaching, Alaska, and how she came to understand Yup'ik and Inupiat Eskimo…

  18. 76 FR 22393 - Records Governing Off-the-Record Communications; Public Notice

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-21

    ... Jim Lynch.\\2\\ Exempt: 1. CP10-477-000 3-28-11 Audrey Platt. 2. CP11-31-000 3-24-11 Gertrude F. Johnson... No. 2079-069 4-8-11 Carolyn Templeton.\\6\\ 10. Project No. 12715-000 3-24-11 David Sinclair.\\7\\...

  19. Teaching "The Lesson of Satire": Using "The Wipers Times" to Build an Enquiry on the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary; Massey, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    "Blackadder for real" is how the British journalist and broadcaster, Ian Hislop, characterised "The Wipers Time", the newspaper published on the front line by members of the 12th Battalion Sherwood, and recently brought to a new audience in Hislop's BBC dramatisation. Mary Brown and Carolyn Massey were immediately struck by the…

  20. Complexity, Contextualism, and Multiculturalism: Responses to the Critiques and Future Directions for the Gender Role Conflict Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neil, James M.

    2008-01-01

    The author reacts to three reviews by Carolyn Enns, Stephen Wester, and P. Paul and Mary Heppner on "The Counseling Psychologist" Major Contribution "Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New Research Paradigms and Clinical Implications." The reviews provide support for assessing the…

  1. Crossing the Boulevard: The Action of Genre as Social Action

    Science.gov (United States)

    Devitt, Amy J.

    2015-01-01

    This article describes the author's first encounter with Carolyn Miller's "Genre as Social Action," and how the article opened the genre scholarship in rhetoric and communication, and led the author to integrate previous knowledge of linguistics and composition studies with communication studies and rhetoric more generally. Miller's…

  2. Linguistic Attention in Rhetorical Genre Studies and First Year Writing

    Science.gov (United States)

    Aull, Laura

    2015-01-01

    Since Carolyn Miller's Genre as Social Action, North American Rhetorical Genre Studies (RGS) has facilitated analysis of how typified rhetorical actions constitute the contexts and communities in which writers write. In first-year writing (FYW) specifically, RGS approaches have focused on macro-level textual constructs, like the audience and…

  3. Feminist Scholarship; Kindling in the Groves of Academe.

    Science.gov (United States)

    DuBois, Ellen Carol; And Others

    Five leading feminist scholars assess the nature and extent of the contemporary women's movement in this collaborative book that focuses on the dual disciplinary-interdisciplinary character of feminist research. The five collaborators are Ellen Carol DuBois, Gail Paradise Kelly, Elizabeth Lapovsky Kennedy, Carolyn W. Korsmeyer, and Lillian S.…

  4. Women even the odds. Healthcare isn't an "old boys' network" anymore, as women catch up to men in leadership positions.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Szot, Alison

    2005-04-18

    Women are increasingly taking influential jobs in healthcare, whether it's Carolyn Clancy at the AHRQ helping lead the way on improving quality through IT or Risa Lavizzo-Mourey helping dole out millions of dollars in grants at the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation. Both won spots on Modern Healthcare's inaugural list of the Top 25 Women in Healthcare.

  5. Comments on the Co-Emergence of Machine Techniques, Paper-and-Pencil Techniques, and Theoretical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

    2006-01-01

    We comment on the paper "The co-emergence of machine techniques, paper-and-pencil techniques, and theoretical reflection: A study of CAS use in secondary school algebra" by Carolyn Kieran and Paul Drijvers. We look at aspects of Kieran and Drijvers' analysis with regard to "task-technique-theory" in the light of a model of abstraction in context…

  6. Teaching "The Lesson of Satire": Using "The Wipers Times" to Build an Enquiry on the First World War

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Mary; Massey, Carolyn

    2014-01-01

    "Blackadder for real" is how the British journalist and broadcaster, Ian Hislop, characterised "The Wipers Time", the newspaper published on the front line by members of the 12th Battalion Sherwood, and recently brought to a new audience in Hislop's BBC dramatisation. Mary Brown and Carolyn Massey were immediately struck…

  7. How Well Do Young Offenders with Asperger Syndrome Cope in Custody?: Two Prison Case Studies

    Science.gov (United States)

    Paterson, Philip

    2008-01-01

    This article is based on a study undertaken in 2005. It was conducted under the supervision of Professor Carolyn Kagan and with the approval of an ethics committee from the department of psychology and speech pathology at Manchester Metropolitan University. Case examples are explored of two male young offender prisoners who have Asperger syndrome…

  8. Shoemaker receives the Bowie Medal

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Don L.; Shoemaker, Eugene M.

    1997-02-01

    The 1996 William Bowie Medal, given by AGU for outstanding contributions to fundamental geophysics and unselfish cooperation in research, was presented to Eugene Shoemaker at the AGU Fall Meeting Honor Ceremony on December 17, 1996, in San Francisco. The "Drs." in the title of the citation refers to both Eugene Shoemaker and his wife Carolyn Shoemaker.

  9. The U.S. Air Service in World War I. Volume III. The Battle of St. Mihiel

    Science.gov (United States)

    1979-01-01

    tance, and to Mrs. Dorothy McCluskie, Mrs. Jane Motley, Mrs. Linda Copenhaver, Mrs. Carolyn Fulk , and especially Mrs. Lois Wagner for their fine work...Photographs were selected from collections in the National Archives, the USAF photo depository, and the USAF Art Collection. Mr. Jim Watson , U.S. Government

  10. Still Subversive after All These Years: The Relevance of Feminist Therapy in the Age of Evidence-Based Practice

    Science.gov (United States)

    Brown, Laura S.

    2006-01-01

    In this article, based on my Carolyn Wood Sherif Memorial Award Address, I address questions of the viability of feminist practice in the current zeitgeist. Using the framework of responding to questions raised by doctoral students about feminist therapy, I address how feminist practice aligns with the evidence-based practice movement,…

  11. "Hull"soomlane, kes räägib inglise keelt / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Prantsusmaal tegutsevast tantsukunstnikust Carolyn Carlsonist, kelle looming on mõjutanud mitme riigi tantsukunsti. 28. apr. etendub KUMU auditooriumis tema nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge"), samuti tema õpilase, Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt"

  12. Complexity, Contextualism, and Multiculturalism: Responses to the Critiques and Future Directions for the Gender Role Conflict Research Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    O'Neil, James M.

    2008-01-01

    The author reacts to three reviews by Carolyn Enns, Stephen Wester, and P. Paul and Mary Heppner on "The Counseling Psychologist" Major Contribution "Summarizing 25 Years of Research on Men's Gender Role Conflict Using the Gender Role Conflict Scale: New Research Paradigms and Clinical Implications." The reviews provide support for assessing the…

  13. "Hull"soomlane, kes räägib inglise keelt / Tiit Tuumalu

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Tuumalu, Tiit, 1971-

    2006-01-01

    Prantsusmaal tegutsevast tantsukunstnikust Carolyn Carlsonist, kelle looming on mõjutanud mitme riigi tantsukunsti. 28. apr. etendub KUMU auditooriumis tema nüüdisaegne tantsuetendus "Down by the River" ("Allajõge"), samuti tema õpilase, Juha-Pekka Marsalo lavastus "Scene d'Amour"("Armastuse vaatepilt"

  14. Finding a Balance: A Narrative Inquiry into Motherhood and the Doctoral Process

    Science.gov (United States)

    Eisenbach, Brooke

    2013-01-01

    Carolyn Ellis states, "autoethnography shows struggle, passion, embodied life, and the collaborative creation of sense-making... [it] wants the reader to care, to feel, to empathize, and to do something, to act" (Ellis & Bochner, 2006, p. 433). This autoethnography describes one new mother's struggles to complete her doctoral program of study…

  15. Proceedings of the Annual Meeting of the Association for Education in Journalism and Mass Communication (85th, Miami, Florida, August 5-8, 2002). Cultural and Critical Studies Division.

    Science.gov (United States)

    2002

    The Cultural and Critical Studies Division of the proceedings contains the following 15 papers: "'Mourning in America': Ritual, Redemption, and Recovery in News Narrative after September 11th" (Carolyn Kitch); "Inequality of Resources: The Crisis of Media Conglomeration and the Case for Reform" (Brian Houston); "Buying…

  16. 75 FR 69094 - Solicitation for Nominations for Members of the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-11-10

    ... the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) AGENCY: Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality.... Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF). The USPSTF, a standing, independent panel of non-Federal experts...://USPreventiveServicesTaskForce.org ). Dated: November 1, 2010. Carolyn M. Clancy, AHRQ Director. BILLING...

  17. Kids and Cafeterias: How Safe are Federal School Lunches? Joint Hearing before the Committee of Government Management, Restructuring, and the District of Columbia Subcommittee of the Committee on Governmental Affairs, United States Senate and the Subcommittee on Government Efficiency, Financial Management, and Intergovernmental Relations of the Committee on Government Reform, House of Representatives, One Hundred Seventh Congress, Second Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    Noting the significant increase since 1990 in food-borne illnesses affecting school children, these hearings transcripts provide testimony on the safety of federal school lunches. Statements by Senator Richard Durbin and Representatives Stephen Horn, Janice Schakowsky, and Carolyn Maloney emphasized the array of federal agencies with various food…

  18. Between Noise and Silence : Sound, Technology and Urban Space during Nazi Germany

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Birdsall, C.J.

    2010-01-01

    Carolyn Birdsall onderzocht de culturele betekenis van geluid en geluidstechnologieën in Duitsland tussen de jaren ‘20 en de jaren ‘40. Ze levert nieuwe inzichten in de veranderingen en continuïteit tussen het Weimar- en nazitijdperk, die vaak over het hoofd worden gezien in veelal

  19. Comments on the Co-Emergence of Machine Techniques, Paper-and-Pencil Techniques, and Theoretical Reflection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Monaghan, John; Ozmantar, Mehmet Fatih

    2006-01-01

    We comment on the paper "The co-emergence of machine techniques, paper-and-pencil techniques, and theoretical reflection: A study of CAS use in secondary school algebra" by Carolyn Kieran and Paul Drijvers. We look at aspects of Kieran and Drijvers' analysis with regard to "task-technique-theory" in the light of a model of abstraction in context…

  20. 78 FR 38354 - Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-26

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health Center for Scientific Review; Notice of Closed Meetings... Emphasis Panel; Resource Center: Translational/Developmental Proteomics. Date: July 10-12, 2013. Time: 6:00... Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: June 20, 2013. Carolyn A. Baum, Program Analyst, Office of Federal Advisory...

  1. 78 FR 17219 - National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences; Notice of Closed Meeting Pursuant to section...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-03-20

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences; Notice... Training; 93.143, NIEHS Superfund Hazardous Substances--Basic Research and Education; 93.894, Resources and...) Dated: March 14, 2013. Carolyn Baum, Program Analyst, Office of Federal Advisory Committee Policy...

  2. FLES NEWS, Volume 5, 1991-1992.

    Science.gov (United States)

    FLES NEWS, 1992

    1992-01-01

    Articles in the three Volume 5 issues of the National Network for Early Language Learning newsletter include: "Young Authors--A Double Success" (Carolyn Andrade); "Teacher Preparation for Elementary School Foreign Language Programs" (Carol Ann Pesola); "Strategies in a Small School Setting: The Filley FLES Program"…

  3. 76 FR 28393 - Proposed Approval of Air Quality Implementation Plan; Ohio and West Virginia; Determinations of...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-05-17

    ... economically significant regulatory action based on health or safety risks subject to Executive Order 13045 (62... Persoon, Environmental Engineer, at (312) 353-8290, before visiting the Region 5 office. FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Region 5, Carolyn Persoon, Environmental Engineer, Control Strategies Section,...

  4. The Proper Place of Theory in Educational History?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Urban, Wayne J.

    2011-01-01

    In this article, the author talks about the proper place of theory in educational history and shares his comments on the essays by Eileen Tamura, Carolyn Eick, and Roland Coloma. Eileen Tamura's positing of most educational historians as practitioners of narrative history is surely on the mark. She invites historians of education to investigate…

  5. Foetal Alcohol Spectrum Disorders (FASD): Raising Awareness in Early Years Settings

    Science.gov (United States)

    Blackburn, Carolyn; Whitehurst, Teresa

    2010-01-01

    In this article Carolyn Blackburn who is currently project officer for the Training and Development Agency for Schools and Teresa Whitehurst who is a research and development officer at Sunfield School in Worcestershire discuss how educationalists are being required to support an increasing number of children with new and emerging disabilities…

  6. Health Care Cost Containment: Dilemmas and Solutions. Midwest Alliance in Nursing Fall Workshop (Dearborn, Michigan, September 1983).

    Science.gov (United States)

    Minckley, Barbara B., Ed.; Walters, Mary Dale, Ed.

    Focusing on various issues related to rapidly rising health care costs, and the dilemmas these pose for health care professionals these proceedings include the following papers: (1) "A Federal Perspective: Nursing under Prospective Payment," by Carolyne K. Davis; (2) "Providers' Panel: Facing the Issues," by Connie Curran,…

  7. 78 FR 62459 - Approval and Promulgation of Air Quality Implementation Plans; Ohio; Redesignation of the Canton...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-10-22

    ....5 motor vehicle emission budgets (MVEBs) for 2015 and 2025 for the Canton area. EPA is also... FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Carolyn Persoon, Environmental Engineer, Control Strategies Section, Air... to give affected parties a reasonable time to adjust their behavior and prepare before the final rule...

  8. Health Instruction Packages: Consumer--Self-Examination.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maas, Carolyn; And Others

    These three learning modules present text, illustrations, and exercises to teach lay persons to take and interpret a temperature, collect a urine specimen, and perform a breast examination. The first module, by Carolyn Maas, defines "temperature," describes the three body areas for temperature taking, distinguishes between normal and…

  9. 78 FR 10185 - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-13

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Special Emphasis....273, Alcohol Research Programs; National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: February 7, 2013. Carolyn...

  10. 78 FR 37837 - National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice of Closed Meeting

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-06-24

    ... HUMAN SERVICES National Institutes of Health National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism; Notice... personal privacy. Name of Committee: National Institute on Alcohol Abuse and Alcoholism Special Emphasis....273, Alcohol Research Programs; National Institutes of Health, HHS) Dated: June 18, 2013. Carolyn...

  11. Balance Between the Worlds: A Conversation with Dr. Richard Vedan

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carolyn B Kenny

    2015-11-01

    Full Text Available In this article, Dr. Richard Vedan, a Secwepmec, lodge keeper, and medical social worker converses with Dr. Carolyn Kenny about critical elements of medical ethnomusicology as seen and experienced through an Indigenous context. Dilemmas of individualism versus collectivism and isolation versus connectivity underlie the entire conversation. Relevant themes in the traditional use of music in Indigenous healing are discussed.

  12. Project Management as a means of knowledge communication for the Information economy

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    and shaping of texts in social activities and contexts (1988), Carolyn Miller's notion of genre as social action (1994), and Bakhtin's connection between speech genres and spheres of social activities.    The questions this synthesis will address include:   How do knowledge communication and knowledge...

  13. "I'm New Here..." Making Friends, Staying Strong and Having a Fantastic First Year as a School Librarian

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stenzel, Carolyn

    2015-01-01

    Carolyn Stenzel is the Library Department chair and Upper School librarian at the Holton-Arms School in Bethesda, Maryland. She is a member of AASL and is the Independent Schools Committee Chair for the Virginia Association of School Librarians. She was awarded the AASL Frances Henne Award in 2014. In this article she shares her experiences as a…

  14. Absolut sang

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Parly, Nila Charlotte

    En række analytiske gennemgange af de kvindelige hovedpartier i Richard Wagners værker fra "Den flyvende Hollænder" til "Parsifal". Med afsæt i Carl Dahlhaus' og Carolyn Abbates teorier fokuseres der på orkester- og sangstemmernes klanglige og melodiske betydning for værkernes komplekse dramaturg...

  15. Bujutsu, Budô, esporte de luta Bujutsu, Budô, fight sport

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos José Martins

    2010-09-01

    Full Text Available Este trabalho tem como objetivo analisar como se deu o processo de reconfiguração de uma das artes marciais japonesas mais conhecidas - o karate -, traçando sua história no contexto das mutações ocorridas na história do Japão.The objective of this paper is to analyze the reconfigurations process of a Japanese martial art - the Karate -, tracing its history in the context of the mutations in the Japanese history.

  16. Comparison of a level of development of physical qualities of women in contact kinds of fighting single combats

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Saienko V.G.

    2010-07-01

    Full Text Available Indexes which characterize the level of physical preparation of sportswomen are considered. The sportswomen of contact types of east single combats took part in research: karate, thaiboxing, taekwondo. 24 sportswomen of high qualification took part in testing: 8 - specialized in karate, 8 - thaiboxing, 8 is taekwondo. Age of sportswomen made from 16 to 25 years. Sporting experience of employments by single combats from 7 to 15 years. Dependence of level of development of physical preparedness of sportswomen is confirmed on the specific of the applied technical arsenal of receptions.

  17. Statistical properties of spectra in harmonically trapped spin-orbit coupled systems

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    V. Marchukov, O.; G. Volosniev, A.; V. Fedorov, D.;

    2014-01-01

    distributions. The Brody and Wigner distributions characterize irregular motion and help identify quantum chaotic systems. We present a special choices of deformation and spin-orbit strengths without the Zeeman term which provide a fair reproduction of the fourth-power repelling Wigner distribution. By adding...

  18. ÜRO peakorterile otsitakse naabrit / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    New Yorki, ÜRO peakorterist lõunasse hakatakse ehitama uut hoonet. Arhitektuurikonkursist on kutsutud osalema: David Childs, Richard Meier ja Peter Eisenmann; Schuman Lichtenstein Claman Efron ja HOK arhitektid; Kohn Pederson Fox, Davis Brody Bond, Toyo Ito ja Rem Koolhaas; Henry Cobb, James Ingo Freed ja Machado & Silvetti Associates; Christian de Portzamparc ja Gary Edward Handel & Associates

  19. The dark side of Web 2.0

    CSIR Research Space (South Africa)

    Labuschagne, WA

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available . Brodie, Virus of the Mind: The New Science of the Meme, Hay House Publisher, (2011). 23. J.W. Pennebaker, C.K. Chung, M. Ireland, A. Gonzales and R.J. Booth, "The devel- opment and psychometric properties of LIWC2007," Austin, TX, LIWC.Net, (2007...

  20. THE EPIDERMIS AND ITS KERATINISATIQN IN THE AFRICAN ...

    African Journals Online (AJOL)

    He examined skin from the ears, trunk, body and legs as well as the nails, and ..... Human parakeratotic cells appear more coherent than in normal skin (Brody 1962) ... difficult to see why sweat glands, useful in temperature regulation, should ...

  1. Modeling Choices in Nuclear Warfighting: Two Classroom Simulations on Escalation and Retaliation

    Science.gov (United States)

    Schofield, Julian

    2013-01-01

    Two classroom simulations--"Superpower Confrontation" and "Multipolar Asian Simulation"--are used to teach and test various aspects of the Borden versus Brodie debate on the Schelling versus Lanchester approach to nuclear conflict modeling and resolution. The author applies a Schelling test to segregate high from low empathic students, and assigns…

  2. Firefighting and Emergency Response Study of Advanced Composites Aircraft. Objective 4: Post Fire Decontamination of Personal Protection Equipment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-11-01

    Jessica P. Rymann-Rasmussen, Mark F. Cesta, Arnold R. Brody, Jeanette K. Shippley- Phillips, Jefferey I. Everitt, Earl W. Tewksbury, Owen R. Moss ...Brian A. Wong, Darol E. Dodd, Melvin E. Andersen, and James C. Bonner, Nature Nanotechnology, vol. 4 (2009) pp. 747-751. 11. Gregory S. Whitehead

  3. Annotations on a Scandal: Desire, Transgression, and the Filmic Fantasy of Pedagogy

    Science.gov (United States)

    Stillwaggon, James; Jelinek, David

    2015-01-01

    From Socrates to Jean Brodie, we have become accustomed to teachers serving as placeholders for transgressive and powerful desires in our cultural imaginary. Evidenced by recent scholarship on teachers in film, however, as well as by the 2006 film "Notes on a Scandal", the way we ought to feel about teachers acting on their transgressive…

  4. Papers on Morphology. The Ohio State University Working Papers in Linguistics #29.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zwicky, Arnold M., Ed.; Wallace, Rex E., Ed.

    A collection of papers on morphology in relation to other grammar components and on the morphology-syntax interface includes: "Locative Plural Forms in Classical Sanskrit" (Belinda Brodie); "On Explaining Morpheme Structure" (Donald G. Churma); "Lexical Relatedness, Head of a Word and the Misanalysis of Latin" (Brian D. Joseph and Rex E. Wallace);…

  5. Two Atypical Cases of Kingella kingae Invasive Infection with Concomitant Human Rhinovirus Infection

    Science.gov (United States)

    Basmaci, Romain; Ilharreborde, Brice; Doit, Catherine; Presedo, Ana; Lorrot, Mathie; Alison, Marianne; Mazda, Keyvan; Bidet, Philippe

    2013-01-01

    We describe two atypical cases of Kingella kingae infection in children diagnosed by PCR, one case involving a soft tissue abscess and one case a femoral Brodie abscess. Both patients had concomitant human rhinovirus infection. K. kingae strains, isolated from an oropharyngeal swab, were characterized by multilocus sequence typing and rtxA sequencing. PMID:23784119

  6. Breast cancer and the robe of breast size as a contributory factor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koch, AD; Nicolai, Jean; de Vries, J

    2004-01-01

    Several studies have been published on the incidence of breast cancer following augmentation mammaplasty, with very different conclusions. A tower incidence of breast cancer than expected was found in a study conducted by Deapen and Brody in women who had undergone augmentation surgery, and an antic

  7. Male Preschool Teacher Students Negotiating Masculinities: A Qualitative Study with Men Who Are Studying to Become Preschool Teachers

    Science.gov (United States)

    Heikkilä, Mia; Hellman, Anette

    2017-01-01

    The overall interest is to understand how men who study preschool teaching negotiate masculinities. Earlier research shows how male teachers negotiate masculinities when being in and entering a predominantly feminine work area, such as early childhood education [see, for example, Brody, D. L. (2015). The construction of masculine identity among…

  8. Statistical Policy for an Aging America. Joint Hearing before the Subcommittee on Energy, Nuclear Proliferation, and Government Processes of the Committee on Governmental Affairs and the Subcommittee on Aging of the Committee on Labor and Human Resources. United States Senate, Ninety-Ninth Congress, Second Session.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Congress of the U.S., Washington, DC. Senate Committee on Governmental Affairs.

    Testimony on the need for building an information base on the changing demographics of an aging society in order to make intelligent policy decisions is presented in this Senate committee hearing. Opening statements by Senators Charles Grassley and John Glenn are provided. Jacob A. Brody, dean of the School of Public Health, University of Illinois…

  9. Structural and functional lung disease in primary ciliary dyskinesia

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    F. Santamaria (Francesca); S. Montella (Silvia); H.A.W.M. Tiddens (Harm); G. Guidi (Guido); V. Casotti (Valeria); M. Maglione (Marco); P.A. de Jong (Pim)

    2008-01-01

    textabstractBackground: High-resolution CT (HRCT) scan data on primary ciliary dyskinesia (PCD) related lung disease are scarce. Study objectives: We evaluated the lung disease in children and adults with PCD by a modified Brody composite HRCT scan score to assess the prevalence of the structural ab

  10. Breast cancer and the robe of breast size as a contributory factor

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Koch, AD; Nicolai, Jean; de Vries, J

    2004-01-01

    Several studies have been published on the incidence of breast cancer following augmentation mammaplasty, with very different conclusions. A tower incidence of breast cancer than expected was found in a study conducted by Deapen and Brody in women who had undergone augmentation surgery, and an antic

  11. Molecular Cloning and Pharmacology of Porcine 5-Hydroxytryptamine Receptors Relevant to the Study of Antimigraine Drugs

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    P.L. Bhalla (Pankaj)

    2002-01-01

    textabstractAt the beginning of last century, Brodie (1900) described in an extensive study that injection of blood serum causes vasoconstriction and a vagally-mediated reflex resulting in a reversible bradycardia, hypotension and arrest of the respiration, while injection of blood plasma was devoid

  12. Cats & Dogs%猫狗大战

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    阿萌

    2003-01-01

    @@ ( Dogs and cats are permanent enemies. A dog named Bubby is catnapped by the cats. The whole cats' world is shocked and alert. ) Dog Chairman: Gentlemen, a few moments ago I received word of the gravest nature. The key agent working the Brody case has been catnapped. Although he is safe, new must replace him as soon as possible.

  13. ÜRO peakorterile otsitakse naabrit / Maria-Kristiina Soomre

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Soomre, Maria-Kristiina, 1978-

    2001-01-01

    New Yorki, ÜRO peakorterist lõunasse hakatakse ehitama uut hoonet. Arhitektuurikonkursist on kutsutud osalema: David Childs, Richard Meier ja Peter Eisenmann; Schuman Lichtenstein Claman Efron ja HOK arhitektid; Kohn Pederson Fox, Davis Brody Bond, Toyo Ito ja Rem Koolhaas; Henry Cobb, James Ingo Freed ja Machado & Silvetti Associates; Christian de Portzamparc ja Gary Edward Handel & Associates

  14. 77 FR 25371 - Transportation of Household Goods in Interstate Commerce; Consumer Protection Regulations...

    Science.gov (United States)

    2012-04-30

    ... INFORMATION CONTACT: Mr. Brodie Mack, FMCSA Household Goods Enforcement and Compliance Team Leader, (202) 385... liability election notice on the estimates they provide to prospective shippers: WARNING: If a moving... election notice on all written estimates. This notice is a brief statement advising prospective...

  15. Propojení přírodovědného a environmentálního vzdělávání

    NARCIS (Netherlands)

    Wals, A.E.J.; Brody, M.; Dillon, J.; Stevenson, R.B.

    2015-01-01

    What is written about in Science journal? A paraphrase of the article: Wals, Arjen E. J., Michael Brody, Justin Dillon, Robert B. Stevenson (2014). Convergence Between Science and Environmental Education. Science, 344(6184), 583–584. DOI:10.1126/science.1250515

  16. Growth curve of female collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu raised in captivity in the Brazilian Amazon Region

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    A.D.V. Garnero

    2013-08-01

    Full Text Available This work aims to determine the most suitable nonlinear model to describe the growth of female collared peccaries (Pecari tajacu. The monthly records of the weight of 10 captive female collared peccaries over a period of two years in the Brazilian Amazon Region were used. The growth models used were the Von Bertalanffy, Brody, Gompertz and Logistic. The parameters were estimated by using the NLIN procedure from the SAS application. The criteria used to verify the adjustment of the models were: asymptotic standard deviation (ASD; coefficient of determination (R²; average absolute residual deviation (ARD and the asymptotic rate (AR. The Brody model and the Logistic model estimated the highest (19.44kg and the lowest (19.18kg asymptotic weight (A, indicating the lowest (0.0070kg/day and the highest (0.0121kg/day maturation rate (K. These results and the coefficients of phenotypic correlation that varied from -0.75 and -0.47 confirmed the antagonistic nature between these parameters. The Brody model estimated the lower value for ARD, a limiting factor for describing the lowest value for AR through this model. The Brody model showed the best adjustment for AR, although the other models also showed a suitable adjustment to the weight data of said species/gender. Based on the AR obtained in this work, the Brody model is recommended for adjusting the growth curve of the female collared peccaries. Depending on the estimated values, especially for K, this trait can be included in a selection index.

  17. EFEKTI MODELA KATE (HEI AN SHO DAN NA TRANSFORMACIONE PROCESE MOTORIČKIH SPOSOBNOSTI KARATISTA

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rifat Mujanović

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available The sample of respondents consisted of 32 students of elementary schools in Novi Pazar, aged 11 and 12 years, involved in regular physical education and additional physical training in Karate (karate experimental group. The subject of this study was to investigate the model Kate (Hei an sho dan ,students motor skills of elementary school included an additional physical training in karate. The research problem is organized to examine, whether practice kata in the final since the initial measure contributes to statistically significant differences in motor abilities subjects. The aim of the investigation is to determine the effects of the motor kata model on karate motor skills changes (experimental group. Measuring instruments of motor skills include nine tests that define: explosive power, flexibility and balance. We used the computer program "Statistica" 8.0 for Windows to calculate the Student t-test, and canonical discriminant analysis. The results showed that the influence by the effect of model Kate (Hei an sho day on the transformation processes of motor abilities, there was a statistically significant change of studets motor abilities in the final since the initial measure.

  18. The Origin of Wing Chun White Crane and Okinawa Karate——On the Life Experience of Wang Daxing and Lin Shicheng%永春白鹤拳与冲绳空手道之渊源——兼议王打兴、林世成之身世

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    苏瀛汉; 苏君毅

    2015-01-01

    Karate originated in Fuzhou crane fist. What is the origin of Wing Chun White Crane and Karate?Ruruko was regar?ded as the primogenitor of Japan Karate?do, and who does he learn from?The article researched and analyzed the spread and variation of Wing Chun White Crane, by elaborating the folk custom, dialects, character, spectrum, skills of it. Then it made its own judgments on the origin of Karate?do.%空手道发源于福州鹤拳,这种拳与永春白鹤拳有什么渊源? 被日本刚柔流空手道视为始祖的"如如哥"之武艺学自何人? 文章从民俗、方言、人物、拳谱、拳技入手,对永春白鹤拳的传播与变异进行考证分析,对刚柔流空手道的源起作了自己的判断.

  19. Effects of Multiple Intelligences Supported Project-Based Learning on Students' Achievement Levels and Attitudes towards English Lesson

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bas, Gökhan; Beyhan, Ömer

    2010-01-01

    The aim of the research was to investigate the effects of multiple intelligences supported project-based learning and traditional foreign language-teaching environment on students' achievement and their attitude towards English lesson. The research was carried out in 2009-2010 education-instruction year in Karatli Sehit Sahin Yilmaz Elementary…

  20. Tunnustatud noorsportlased paigutavad võidusumma võistlusreisidesse / Kristi Vahemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahemaa, Kristi, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves andis 2. detsembril 2011 Kadriorus üle 1000-eurosed noore sportlase preemiad, mille said judo, suusatamise ja kergejõustikuga tegelev Rebeca Lotta Aasmäe, karate treeningutele pühendunud Tanel Paabo ja kergejõustiklane Jorgen Liiv

  1. Tunnustatud noorsportlased paigutavad võidusumma võistlusreisidesse / Kristi Vahemaa

    Index Scriptorium Estoniae

    Vahemaa, Kristi, 1980-

    2011-01-01

    Proua Evelin Ilves andis 2. detsembril 2011 Kadriorus üle 1000-eurosed noore sportlase preemiad, mille said judo, suusatamise ja kergejõustikuga tegelev Rebeca Lotta Aasmäe, karate treeningutele pühendunud Tanel Paabo ja kergejõustiklane Jorgen Liiv

  2. East Europe Report: Political, Sociological and Military Affairs, No. 2193

    Science.gov (United States)

    1983-09-06

    published many materials which reviewed uncritically therapeutical methods of hatha yoga and try to distinguish the so-called ’purely sport aspects* of...karate. But Zen Buddhism serves as that ideological basis, and yoga is not merely a physical exercise system but a complex teaching regarding the

  3. Fit for Life.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Vail, Kathleen

    1999-01-01

    Children who hate gym grow into adults who associate physical activity with ridicule and humiliation. Physical education is reinventing itself, stressing enjoyable activities that continue into adulthood: aerobic dance, weight training, fitness walking, mountain biking, hiking, inline skating, karate, rock-climbing, and canoeing. Cooperative,…

  4. An Evaluation of OCLC's EPIC as a Resource for Subject Access to Videos.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Palmer, Joseph W.

    1992-01-01

    An examination of OCLC's EPIC service and standard video reference tools revealed that EPIC was more comprehensive in finding video titles on the popular or specialized topics of bonsai, genealogy, karate, and holography, because of its keyword searching ability on the massive OCLC database. (11 references) (EA)

  5. Do You Have a Bad Mentor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlmutter, David D.

    2008-01-01

    In every assistant professor there seems to lurk a Karate Kid seeking a Mr. Miyagi who will train his acolyte to be a skilled warrior in the art of research, teaching, and service and impart pithy life lessons along the way. Such singular folks exist. But it's far more likely that one will find several mentors who, while not well-versed in all…

  6. Oriental Defense Exercises as Reciprocal Inhibitors of Anxiety

    Science.gov (United States)

    Gershman, Louis; Stedman, James M.

    1971-01-01

    In a case of claustrophobia and in another with fears of flying, Japanese defense activities of the Karate type proved to be effective counter conditioners of anxiety. They were used in the former case in vivo and in the later case both in imagination and in vivo. (Author)

  7. Readathon

    Science.gov (United States)

    Kraus, Howard F.; And Others

    1977-01-01

    What do a circus, a gold mine, karate, and Bigfoot have to do with reading? They're four of the 42 ways to get your kids into books. Prepared especially for Children's Book Week, "READATHON" is loaded with all kinds of ideas. (Editor)

  8. Minicourses for Deaf Students in the Intermediate Grades

    Science.gov (United States)

    Anderson, Peter E.; Shepard, Charlotte H.

    1977-01-01

    A minicourse program with students from grades four through eight at the Oregon State School for the Deaf has been rewarding for teachers and students by serving to develop skills in immediate practical areas of the student's experience as well as in developing recreational skills and interests in such activities as chess, mime, and karate, and…

  9. Ethnography for Teachers' Professional Development: Japanese Approach of Investigation on Classroom Activities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Matoba, Masami; Sarkar Arani Mohammed Reza

    2006-01-01

    In this paper, we examine how journal and ethnography field notes in Jugyou Kenkyu (lesson study) help teachers to understand the diverse range of talents and abilities of their students. Especially, we focus on how ethnography field note and reflective papers (karate) help teachers to change their assumptions about student learning. The data…

  10. Warehouse Management System a jeho implementace

    OpenAIRE

    Kovařík, Šimon

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with Warehouse management system and its implementation in certain company. The first theoretical part of this thesis describes WMS in general and its software solutions. The practical part analyzes particular solution KARAT WMS in company Novum, spol. s.r.o. and compares it with theoretical findings from first part.

  11. Do You Have a Bad Mentor?

    Science.gov (United States)

    Perlmutter, David D.

    2008-01-01

    In every assistant professor there seems to lurk a Karate Kid seeking a Mr. Miyagi who will train his acolyte to be a skilled warrior in the art of research, teaching, and service and impart pithy life lessons along the way. Such singular folks exist. But it's far more likely that one will find several mentors who, while not well-versed in all…

  12. Warehouse Management System a jeho implementace

    OpenAIRE

    Kovařík, Šimon

    2014-01-01

    This bachelor thesis deals with Warehouse management system and its implementation in certain company. The first theoretical part of this thesis describes WMS in general and its software solutions. The practical part analyzes particular solution KARAT WMS in company Novum, spol. s.r.o. and compares it with theoretical findings from first part.

  13. [Sports anthropological investigations on somatotypology of elite karateka].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Fritzsche, Jürgen; Raschka, Christoph

    2007-09-01

    The goal of this work was to find differences between the somatotypes of elite karateka. For this purpose the somatotypes of Conrad, Heath & Carter were used. This sports anthropological study was carried out on the assumption that constant karate training causes changes in body composition. It should clarify whether different body types, including sexual dimorphism, are to be found in people practicing the karate disciplines kata and kumite. 80 male and female elite karateka were tested. As a comparison group, 62 leisure sports persons and 66 hobby karateka were used as control groups. The measurements were taken under standardised conditions and the results were examined statistically (ANOVA). The body types of Conrad, which were confirmed by the somatocharts of Heath & Carter, showed differences between the elite karateka in comparison to the control group. According to this, the typical elite karateka is more athletic and smaller. He weighs less than the sports persons of the comparison fitness group. Moreover, within the karate disciplines, the kata practisers are more endomorph than their colleagues. The kumite athletes take more ektomorph positions in the somatocharts (Heath & Carter 1990). On the basis of these results the assumption of a differentiated somatotype can be confirmed in the two groups and also within karate between the disciplines kata and kumite. This study concludes that there is both a kata and a kumite somatotype among karate practisers. Further research is required regarding longitudinal measurements of the change in body composition of young karateka in the course of their competitive careers. The career-affecting factors of training frequency, training age, and frequency of injury, related to the level of achievement, leave room for further investigation. This also applies to possible ethnic body-build differences and the athletes' level of achievement.

  14. On viewing culture as situation

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Kampf, Constance

    participate in social action (Bazerman 1988 & Miller 1984, 1994). To begin to define culture as situation, I will engage the cultural systems perspective (Kampf & Kastberg 2005). This perspective is based on the interaction between norms of behaviour and context in which Hofstede situated his dimensions....... 396 - 403 Miller, Carolyn R. (1984): "Genre as Social Action." Quarterly Journal of Speech. 70, pp.151-167. Miller, Carolyn R. (1994): "Rhetorical Community: The Cultural Basis of Genre." In Genre and the New Rhetoric, eds. Aviva Freedman & Peter Medway. London: Taylor & Francis. Pike, K.L. (1990...... to operationalize for technical communication and translation. One of the issues inherent in these models goes back to Pike's coining of the notions of emic and etic stemming from phonemics and phonetics in linguistic theory. He makes the distinction between etic tools which apply across cultures as the phonetic...

  15. The Path of the Blind Watchmaker: A Model of Evolution

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-04-06

    thank my SRI International colleagues, Carolyn Talcott, Pat Lincoln, Steven Eker, Al Valdez, Ken Nitz, Ashish Gehani, Keith Laderoute, and Merrill ...gain. Crow [116] examined mutation rates based on prevalence of mutation-induced diseases. He found that males have a higher mutation rate than... Crow . (1998). Rates of Spontaneous Mutation. Genetics, 148, 1667-86. [26] Susan M. Rosenberg, & P. J. Hastings. (2004). Adaptive Point Mutation and

  16. Privacy in the Face of Surveillance: Fourth Amendment Considerations for Facial Recognition Technology

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-01

    five decades later, are: “head rotation and tilt, lighting intensity and angle, facial expression , aging, etc.”51 47 Charlie Savage, “ Facial ...OF SURVEILLANCE: FOURTH AMENDMENT CONSIDERATIONS FOR FACIAL RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY by Eric Z. Wynn March 2015 Thesis Advisor: Carolyn... FACIAL RECOGNITION TECHNOLOGY 6. AUTHOR(S) Eric Z. Wynn 7. PERFORMING ORGANIZATION NA:i\\tiE(S) AND ADDRESS(ES) Naval Postgraduate School Monterey

  17. Rescuing Tomorrow Today: Fixing Training and Development for DHS Leaders

    Science.gov (United States)

    2016-09-01

    found that training focused mainly on non-operational topics, such as welfare programs and health services, and had no formal training programs in...TODAY: FIXING TRAINING AND DEVELOPMENT FOR DHS LEADERS by Jeffrey M. Miller September 2016 Thesis Advisor: Carolyn Halladay Second... Budget , Paperwork Reduction Project (0704-0188) Washington, DC 20503. 1. AGENCY USE ONLY (Leave blank) 2. REPORT DATE September 2016 3. REPORT TYPE

  18. US Air Force 1989 Research Initiation Program . Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1992-06-25

    Blystone Dr. Gwendolyn Howze Trinity University Texas Southern University Specialty: Zoology Specialty: Molecular Biology Dr. Carolyn Caudle -Alexander Dr...Effect of Microwave Radiation on Cultured Cells Dr. C. Caudle -Alexander 210-1OMG-097 92 In Vivo Processing of Tetraisopropyl Dr. James Chambers...R. Fivaz, J. Phys. Chem. Solids, 28 (1967) 839. [16] H. C. Casey , Jr. and M. G. Panish, Hetrostructure Lasers. New York: Academic, 1978. [17] H

  19. Office of Naval Research Graduate Fellowship Program

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-07-29

    II Biological/Bioredical Sciences - Dupont I Carolyn Cousin, University of the District of Columbia Vito DelVecchio, University of Scranton Richard...performance semiconductor devices. Penetration-resistant alloys. Ms. Alice Man 259 Saint Paul Street Brookline, MA 02146 617-734-9211 MIT Materials science...than research experience. Her referees also described her potential rather than research involvement. Sylvia Howard had a 3.48 from Saint Paul’s

  20. Offutt AFB Construct STRATCOM Gate Environmental Assessment

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-08-01

    3270 (:(402)471 -3 100 www.ne-braskahtstory.ar9 Jacobson, Carolyn Civ USAF ACC 55th CESICEV From: Sent: Pena, Isabel ( MAPA ) [lsabei.Pena...mailto:gmalmquist@councilbluffs-ia.gov] Sent: Friday, July 16, 2010 9:07AM To: Pena, Isabel ( MAPA ) Subject: RE: Project Review Committee I sabel...712 328-4631 Cell 402 676-2866 Fax 712 328-4915 gmalmguist@councilbluffs-ia.gov From: Pena, Isabel ( MAPA ) [mailto:Isabel.Pena@Mapacog.org] Sent

  1. Proceedings Papers of the AFSC (Air Force Systems Command) Avionics Standardization Conference (2nd) Held at Dayton, Ohio on 30 November-2 December 1982. Volume 1.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-11-01

    Computers, Dr. Clive D. Leedham, Delco Electronics Division, General Motors Corporation 0 The Use of Computer ISA and Software Standards at 447...Carolyn, 39 Lane, J. H., 405 Garcia, Edwin M., 479 Lang, P. H., 93 Geyer, David W., 659 Lautner, D. E., 111, 123 Geyer, Manvel, 447 Leedham, Clive 0., 445... Barker , 󈧔-Bit Radiation-Hard Emulating Computer, Proc. IEEE NAECON, May 1981. MULTIBUS"’ is a trademark of Intel Corporation. This paper copyright

  2. Genre som fiktiv handling:Om brugen af retoriske genrer i fiktion

    OpenAIRE

    Auken, Sune

    2014-01-01

    The arcticle is an interdisciplinary study between literary and rhetorical genre research. Its starting point is the well-deserved leading position held by Rhetorical Genre Studies (RGS). The article proposes a scholarly collaboration between Literary Studies and RGS and posits one possible starting point for this collaboration by utilizing Carolyn Miller´s central concept of "Genre as Social Action" as a way to analyze literary characters´ social actions within narratives through an interpre...

  3. Colorado State University Center for Geosciences/Atmospheric Research (CG/AR)

    Science.gov (United States)

    2013-02-01

    with Gary McWilliams (ARL) and Li Li (NRL) - Steven Fletcher with Carolyn Reynolds (NRL), Dale Barker (NCAR), Brian Ancell (Univ. Washington), Ron ...Sonia Kreidenweis with Ron Pinnick (ARL) - Steven Fletcher with Profs. Nancy Nichols and Alan O’Neil (Data Assimilation Research Centre, UK...Icing, Aerosols Effects/Urban BL Larson Vincent UW-Mil (sub) vlarson@uwm.edu Cloud Modeling and Parameterization Clouds, Icing, and Aerosols

  4. The U.S. Navy’s Military Sealift Command 2008 in Review

    Science.gov (United States)

    2008-01-01

    the Federated States of Micronesia. During the mission, medical teams from Mercy treated more than 90,000 patients, including more than 14,000 dental ...Pacific Partnership 2008, a four-month deployment to assist the governments of participating nations with medical, dental and con- struction civic...forces. MV Dolores Chouest, MV C-Commando and MV C-Champion supported Navy Special Warfare Command requirements. In September 2008, MV Carolyn Chouest

  5. 最后消息:Bodies of JFK Jr.,Wife,Sister-in-Law Found

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    Tony; Munroe

    1999-01-01

    Searchers have found the bodies of John F. Kennedy Jr., his wife CarolynBessette Kennedy and her sister Lauren as well as a large piece of their crashedplane off the coast of Martha’s Vineyard, officials said Wednesday. Massachusetts Sen. Edward Kennedy and his two sons headed for the crashsite on a U. S. Coast Guard vessel after the bodies and wreckage (残骸) were

  6. Field Evaluation of Four Spatial Repellent Devices Against Arkansas Rice-Land Mosquitoes

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-03-01

    FIELD EVALUATION OF FOUR SPATIAL REPELLENT DEVICES AGAINST ARKANSAS RICE-LAND MOSQUITOES DAVID A. DAME,1 MAX V. MEISCH,2 CAROLYN N. LEWIS,2 DANIEL L... mosquitoes to locate a host. There are many commercially available spatial repellent products currently on the market. These products include...a large rice growing area where late-spring and summer agricultural irriga- tion generates dense mosquito populations. Spatial repellent devices

  7. High Resolution Melting Analysis for fast and cheap polymorphism screening of marine populations

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Isabelle Calves, Sébastien Artigaud, Carolyn S. Friedman, Christine Paillard, Jean Laroche & Claude Ferec ### Abstract This protocol permits the mutation scanning of PCR products by high-resolution DNA melting analysis requiring the inclusion of a saturating intercalating dye in the PCR mix without labelled probe. During a scanning process, fluorescent melting curves of PCR amplicons are analyzed. Mutations modifying melting curve shapes, are all...

  8. Clinical role of obinutuzumab in the treatment of naive patients with chronic lymphocytic leukemia

    OpenAIRE

    Cerquozzi S; Owen C

    2015-01-01

    Sonia Cerquozzi,1 Carolyn Owen2 1Department of Hematology, University of Calgary, 2Department of Hematology, Tom Baker Cancer Centre, Calgary, AB, Canada Abstract: The introduction of targeted therapy against CD20+ with the monoclonal antibody rituximab has dramatically improved the survival of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma including chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL)/small lymphocytic lymphoma. Unfortunately, CLL remains incurable with chemoimmunotherapy, with many patients having refractory ...

  9. A One Health overview, facilitating advances in comparative medicine and translational research

    OpenAIRE

    2016-01-01

    Table of contents A1 One health advances and successes in comparative medicine and translational research Cheryl Stroud A2 Dendritic cell-targeted gorilla adenoviral vector for cancer vaccination for canine melanoma Igor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Jeffrey N. Bryan, David T. Curiel A3 Viroimmunotherapy for malignant melanoma in the companion dog model Jeffrey N. Bryan, David Curiel, Igor Dmitriev, Elena Kashentseva, Hans Rindt, Carol Reinero, Carolyn J. Henry A4 Of mice and men (and dogs!): ...

  10. College Women's Perceptions of Dairy Foods: A Qualitative Study

    OpenAIRE

    Weiglein, Carolyn Anderson Jr.

    1998-01-01

    College Women's Perceptions of Dairy Foods: A Qualitative Study Carolyn A. Weiglein (ABSTRACT) Research has indicated that college-age women are not consuming the recommended daily servings of dairy foods, and therefore, have inadequate calcium intakes as well. Four focus groups were conducted with a total of 29 college women to explore their perceptions, opinions, thoughts, and feelings about dairy foods. Single, non-Hispanic white females, aged 19-22, enrolled in state-funded co...

  11. Mergers and acquisitions. Frequently asked questions and answers.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lin, S M; Smeltzer, C H; Thomas, C

    2000-03-01

    This article is structured in a question/answer format based on interviews with Dr. Carolyn Hope Smeltzer and Salima Manji Lin of PricewaterhouseCoopers, Chicago, and Chuck Thomas of Hinshaw & Culbertson, Rockford. The questions come from CEO's, healthcare executives, and nurse executives at hospitals that are contemplating mergers or that have both succeeded and failed to merge their institutions. The experts share their knowledge.

  12. Standardization of Aircraft Control and Performance Symbology on the USAF Head-Up Display

    Science.gov (United States)

    1993-11-01

    Mr. Loran Haworth viii uMN Capt. (Rot.) "Hawkeye" Hughes Mr. Curt Sandier Mr. Gary Kessler Mr. Richard Huff Lt. Jennifer McGovern Mr. Dan Eksusian Mr...Branch. The authors would like to extend special thanks to the following individuals for their support of these studies: Joe Fischer , Dan Bauer and...Carolyn Oakley (statistical analyses), Christy Fischer (manuscript preparation), Beverly Johnson (graphics programming support), and SSgt. Stan Singleton

  13. Big data in pharmacy practice: current use, challenges, and the future

    OpenAIRE

    Ma C.; Smith HW; Chu C; Juarez DT

    2015-01-01

    Carolyn Ma, Helen Wong Smith, Cherie Chu, Deborah T JuarezDepartment of Pharmacy Practice, The Daniel K Inouye College of Pharmacy, University of Hawai'i at Hilo, Hilo, HI, USAAbstract: Pharmacy informatics is defined as the use and integration of data, information, knowledge, technology, and automation in the medication-use process for the purpose of improving health outcomes. The term “big data” has been coined and is often defined in three V's: volume, v...

  14. Isospectral Metrics on Projective Spaces

    CERN Document Server

    Rueckriemen, Ralf

    2011-01-01

    We construct isospectral non isometric metrics on real and complex projective space. We recall the construction using isometric torus actions by Carolyn Gordon in chapter 2. In chapter 3 we will recall some facts about complex projective space. In chapter 4 we build the isospectral metrics. Chapter 5 is devoted to the non isometry proof of the metrics built in chapter 4. In chapter 6 isospectral metrics on real projective space are derived from metrics on the sphere.

  15. High Resolution Melting Analysis for fast and cheap polymorphism screening of marine populations

    OpenAIRE

    sprotocols

    2015-01-01

    Authors: Anne-Leila Meistertzheim, Isabelle Calves, Sébastien Artigaud, Carolyn S. Friedman, Christine Paillard, Jean Laroche & Claude Ferec ### Abstract This protocol permits the mutation scanning of PCR products by high-resolution DNA melting analysis requiring the inclusion of a saturating intercalating dye in the PCR mix without labelled probe. During a scanning process, fluorescent melting curves of PCR amplicons are analyzed. Mutations modifying melting curve shapes, are all...

  16. ”Theory, Method & the Future of Pre-Columbian Art History”, 100th Annual Conference of the College Art Association - Los Angeles, California - February 24, 2010” Contributors: Cecelia F. Klein, Introductions; Esther Pasztory, ‘Pre-Columbian Art and World Art History’; Mary Miller, ‘Now You See It, Now You Don’t: Pre-Columbian Art in the American Museum . . . and in the Academy’; Elizabeth Hill Boone, ‘What Do You Say When There Are No Words?’; Tom Cummins, ‘Looking Back at the Future of Pre-Columbian Art History’; Carolyn Dean, ‘The Elusive Future of Pre-Columbian Art History’; Claudia Brittenham, ‘Interdisciplinary, International, Indispensable’.

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Cecelia F. Klein

    2012-12-01

    Full Text Available Since the founding of the academic field of Pre-Columbian art history in the mid 20th century, the training of and work by Pre-Columbianists have changed substantially. Whereas the first Pre-Columbian art historians drew heavily on their knowledge of art history, other disciplines, and theory writ large, younger Pre-Columbian art historians today tend to specialize in one area and one time period, and to write primarily for fellow specialists with interests similar to their own. Increasingly little effort is made to render Pre-Columbian art history relevant to a broader public, whether that public comprise scholars in other fields or laypersons. One of the last fields to have been fully accepted by college and university art history departments in the U.S., Pre-Columbian art history also has always been among the first to go during an economic downturn. During this session, following brief presentations by the speakers and the discussant, there will be a panel conversation in which the audience may participate. The goal will be to assess where the field might and should go in the decades to come.

  17. Modelos para ajuste da produção de gases em silagens de girassol e milho Models for fit of gas production in sunflower and corn silages

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Renius Mello

    2008-02-01

    Full Text Available O objetivo deste trabalho foi identificar entre os modelos Brody, Von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, France, Logístico, Logístico modificado e Logístico bicompartimental, aquele que apresenta maior qualidade de ajuste à curva de produção cumulativa de gases em silagens de girassol e milho. Os critérios adotados foram: coeficiente de determinação, quadrado médio do resíduo, análise gráfica das curvas observadas e estimadas, análise gráfica de dispersão dos resíduos estudentizados, erro percentual médio, eficiência relativa e número de iterações para atingir a convergência. Os modelos Brody, France e Logístico bicompartimental apresentaram os maiores valores de coeficiente de determinação em ambos os substratos, e a diferença entre eles pode ser considerada desprezível. Estes modelos apresentaram, também, os menores valores de quadrado médio do resíduo em silagens de girassol, e a diferença entre eles foi considerada desprezível. Os modelos Brody e France apresentaram menor quadrado médio do resíduo em silagens de milho. Todos os modelos apresentaram dispersão positiva dos resíduos em ambos os substratos após 144 horas de incubação. O modelo Brody apresentou menor erro percentual médio e número de iterações em ambos os substratos. Os modelos Logístico bicompartimental e France apresentaram maior eficiência relativa, respectivamente, em silagens de girassol e milho. Assim, o modelo Logístico bicompartimental apresenta maior qualidade de ajuste à curva de produção de gases em silagens de girassol e milho.The aim of this work was to identify among the Brody, Von Bertalanffy, Gompertz, France, Logistic, Modified logistic and Dual-pool logistic models, the one that presents the highest quality of fit for cumulative gas production curve in sunflower and corn silages. The quality of fit was evaluated by coefficient of determination, residual mean square, graphic analysis of the observed and estimated curves

  18. The Essence Of Group Dynamics In Miss Brodie’s Classroom

    OpenAIRE

    Kızılaslan, Dr. İrem

    2013-01-01

    This paper investigates the nature of social groups considering how the mere need to belong affects behavior Next it discusses some of the basic processes of interaction in small cohesive groups including social norms and social roles conformity versus non conformity group mentality and group decision making with examples from the novel The Prime of Miss Jean Brodie 1961 by Muriel Spark This ground breaking work of Spark concerns an eccentric but charismatic teacher who creates a pote...

  19. China’s Evolving Nuclear Posture. Part 1 - Background and Benchmark

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-09-01

    Minister of National Defence, 2011 © Sa Majesté la Reine (en droit du Canada), telle que représentée par le ministre de la Défense nationale, 2011...nuclear deterrence, for lack of a better term, works; as Brodie put it in a none-too-subtle critique of the title of Albert Wohlstetter’s 1959 Rand paper

  20. DebriSat Pre Preshot Laboratory Analyses

    Science.gov (United States)

    2015-03-27

    to be line of sight since witness plates protected by Whipple shield showed little change. LWIR spectral features from the deposited material are...Radhakrishnan Charles Griffice C. C. Wan UV -VIS-NIR Spectroscopy Dianna Alaan FIB/TEM Sample Preparation Miles Brodie © The Aerospace Corporation 2015 DebriSat...conditions responsible for the darkening. – UV -VIS-NIR-LWIR reflectance spectra were measured of post test debris for comparison with pre test

  1. Proceedings of the Twelfth Conference on Environmental Toxicology 3, 4 and 5 November 1981

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-04-01

    has no virus infection, the air is filtered, the animals are very clean and they live to a fairly long age. There is still some 92 constant stress ...Brodie (1958), Species, strain and sex differences in metabolism of hexobarbitone, amido - pyrine, antipyrine and aniline, Biochem. Pharmacol., 1:152...Verlandieri, 1979). It was suggested that there was an interaction between lead and environmental stress , in this case the blaring of a horn. What was

  2. 16S rRNA Gene Pyrosequencing of Reference and Clinical Samples and Investigation of the Temperature Stability of MicroBiome Profiles

    Science.gov (United States)

    2014-09-16

    Brodie EL, Lynch SV, Kolter R: Comparative analyses of the bacterial microbiota of the human nostril and oropharynx. mBio 2010, 1(3):e00129-10 doi...Three readily available mock bacterial community materials and two commercial extraction techniques, Qiagen DNeasy and MO BIO PowerSoil DNA...quantitative PCR and amplification of region V3 to V1. Swabs spiked with mock bacterial community cells and clinical oropharyngeal swabs were incubated

  3. Mexico’s Central American Policy: Apologies, Motivations, and Principles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    1982-03-15

    exterior de Mexico," Proceso, August 28, 1980, p. 14; Pellicer de Brody, "La Seguridad Nacional en Mixico: Preocupaciones Nuevas y Nociones ...similarity in basic cultural traditions, that social intercourse has probably nurtured a modicum of community between the peoples of Mexico and the...culture and social patterns, thereby highlighting features that separate nation- 3 states rather than unite them. As revolutionary myths now being

  4. In Search of the Missing Link: Relating Destruction to Outcome In Airpower Application

    Science.gov (United States)

    1994-06-01

    subsets within it may not be feasible or have as high a payoff as other target systems. Only through careful analysis of the linkage between... careful study, the planners �determined that the North Korean rail- transportation system was of supreme importance to the Communists.�121 Using the...it, �The dog we keep to deal with the cat will be able to deal with the kittens .� Quoted in Bernard Brodie, Strategy in the Missile Age (Princeton

  5. A School for Strategy: The Early Years

    Science.gov (United States)

    2006-01-01

    interplay of the military, economic, and political policies of a state. As the first Deputy Commandant for Foreign Affairs, George F. Kennan , noted...Bernard Brodie and Sherman Kent of Yale, and Walter Wright, Jr., of Princeton. This was not to be a traditional research university; there would be no...security policy—its formula- tion and implementation.”14 Indeed, there was electricity in the air during that first year at the War College. George Kennan

  6. Airman Scholar Journal. Volume 17, Fall 2011

    Science.gov (United States)

    2011-01-01

    USAFA’s founding, the “American Clausewitz,” Bernard Brodie ruminated : Economists …have a theoretical train- ing that in its fundamentals bears...Ann Reid, “Initial Genetic Characterization of the 1918 “Spanish” Influenza Virus,” Science, 1997, <http://www.bi.ku. dk/ dna /course/papers/L2...refer- ences an unjust past where land and resources were extracted from their rightful owners and passed to occupiers of another religious faith

  7. [Pain. Evaluation of the developing pain theories. The psychological factor].

    Science.gov (United States)

    Mavrakos, A; Niamonitos, K; Vrotsos, I A

    1990-06-01

    In this paper we presented the different theories and opinions regarding the development of pain. After a very brief historical review including the ideas of Homer, Hippocrates, Aristoteles, St. Thomas Aquinas, we reviewed the 19th century's theories including Whytt, Brodie, Inman and Austie. From the modern period we emphasized the "gate theory" introduced originally by Melzack and Well. The psychological aspects has been also examined and the patient as "a dental patient" also described.

  8. Modern U.S. Civil - Military Relations: Wielding the Terrible Swift Sword

    Science.gov (United States)

    1997-07-01

    version of this paper was prepared as part of the post-Cold War U.S. Civil-Military Relations project of the John M. Olin Institute for Strategic Studies...and naval power and to deemphasize land power. "~ Limited War: A N e w Paradigm? The inauguration of John F. Kennedy as President marked a shift...expansion. Critics of massive retaliation, such as Bernard Brodie, Edward L. Katzenbach , Hans J. Morgenthau, and Chester Bowles,challenged the notion

  9. Secrets of the Soil (LBNL Science at the Theater)

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Brodie, Eoin; Northen, Trent; Jansson, Janet; Torn, Margaret

    2011-11-07

    Four Berkeley Lab scientists unveil the "Secrets of the Soil"at this Nov. 7, 2011 Science at the Theater event. Eoin Brodie, Janet Jansson, Margaret Torn and Trent Northen talk about their research and how soil could hold the key to our climate and energy future.The discussion was moderated by John Harte, who holds a joint professorship in the Energy and Resources Group and the Ecosystem Sciences Division of UC Berkeley's College of Natural Resources

  10. Role of the superposition principle for enhancing the efficiency of the quantum-mechanical Carnot engine.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Abe, Sumiyoshi; Okuyama, Shinji

    2012-01-01

    The role of the superposition principle is discussed for the quantum-mechanical Carnot engine introduced by Bender, Brody, and Meister [J. Phys. A 33, 4427 (2000)]. It is shown that the efficiency of the engine can be enhanced by the superposition of quantum states. A finite-time process is also discussed and the condition of the maximum power output is presented. Interestingly, the efficiency at the maximum power is lower than that without superposition.

  11. Security Culture in Times of War: How Did the Balkan War Affect the Security Cultures in Germany and United States?

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-06-01

    armed forces in each individual case. Defense Minister Volker Ruehe claimed that because the Bundeswehr is prepared for the unlikely need for... Brands , What America Owes the World (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000), vii. 65 advocated by the U.S. throughout its history.227 Creating a...Holmes and Meyer Publishers, 1979. 120 Brands , W. H. What America Owes the World. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2000. Brodie, Bernard

  12. Let's do comprehension 8-9

    CERN Document Server

    Brodie, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Let's Do Comprehension is a brand new series of six titles in the popular 'Let's Do' range. Each book contains a rich variety of stimulating reading passages, accompanied by questions of varying difficulty. Designed to be used at home, each book includes tips and clues from Alice the Alligator as well as extra challenges in Brodie's Brain Boosters. There is a clear answer section for reference by parents and children, together with bright, colourful reward stickers.

  13. Let's do comprehension 5-6

    CERN Document Server

    Brodie, Andrew

    2015-01-01

    Let's Do Comprehension is a brand new series of six titles in the popular 'Let's Do' range. Each book contains a rich variety of stimulating reading passages, accompanied by questions of varying difficulty. Designed to be used at home, each book includes tips and clues from Alice the Alligator as well as extra challenges in Brodie's Brain Boosters. There is a clear answer section for reference by parents and children, together with bright, colourful reward stickers.

  14. The New Image of the Saxophone in China

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    LiuEr

    2003-01-01

    Concert saxophonist Li Yusheng was the first one in China to get a saxophone diploma from the Royal Conservator overseas under the instruction of Paul Brodie,the virtuoso saxophonist in the world,As the first professional saxophone professor in China’s conservatories Li Yusheng has been teaching in Sichuan Conservatory of Music since 1982. He set up the New World Saxophone Quartet with his best students in 2001

  15. Comment on ``New ansatz for metric operator calculation in pseudo-Hermitian field theory''

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bender, Carl M.; Benincasa, Gregorio; Jones, H. F.

    2009-12-01

    In a recent Brief Report by Shalaby, a new first-order perturbative calculation of the metric operator for an iϕ3 scalar field theory is given. It is claimed that the incorporation of derivative terms in the ansatz for the metric operator results in a local solution, in contrast to the nonlocal solution previously obtained by Bender, Brody, and Jones. Unfortunately, Shalaby’s calculation is not valid because of sign errors.

  16. Big Pharma: a former insider's view.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Badcott, David

    2013-05-01

    There is no lack of criticisms frequently levelled against the international pharmaceutical industry (Big Pharma): excessive profits, dubious or even dishonest practices, exploiting the sick and selective use of research data. Neither is there a shortage of examples used to support such opinions. A recent book by Brody (Hooked: Ethics, the Medical Profession and the Pharmaceutical Industry, 2008) provides a précis of the main areas of criticism, adopting a twofold strategy: (1) An assumption that the special nature and human need for pharmaceutical medicines requires that such products should not be treated like other commodities and (2) A multilevel descriptive approach that facilitates an ethical analysis of relationships and practices. At the same time, Brody is fully aware of the nature of the fundamental dilemma: the apparent addiction to (and denial of) the widespread availability of gifts and financial support for conferences etc., but recognises that 'Remove the industry and its products, and a considerable portion of scientific medicine's power to help the patient vanishes' (Brody 2008, p. 5). The paper explores some of the relevant issues, and argues that despite the identified shortcomings and a need for rigorous and perhaps enhanced regulation, and realistic price control, the commercially competitive pharmaceutical industry remains the best option for developing safer and more effective medicinal treatments. At the same time, adoption of a broader ethical basis for the industry's activities, such as a triple bottom line policy, would register an important move in the right direction and go some way toward answering critics.

  17. Determination of lethal concentration (LC50 for different insecticides against third instar larvae of Helicoverpa armigera (Hubner (LEPIDOPTERA:NOCTUIDAE

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    M. Hamed

    2006-03-01

    Full Text Available The efficacy of LorsbanTM, Alpha-cypermethrinTM and KarateTM was assessed by larval dip bioassay against third instar larvae of American bollworm, Helicoverpa armigera (Hub. collected from a cotton field at Faisalabad and reared in the laboratory until F1 generation. Third instar larvae were used to assess the toxicity of insecticides after 48 hrs of insecticide treatments. Results showed that toxicity of Karate was above all with LC50 of 71.31ppm followed by Alpha-cypermethrin with LC50 287.87 and Lorsban 464.85, respectively. These results showed the increased resistance of H. armigera against Lorsban in F1 generation under laboratory conditions.

  18. LEVEL OF ANTHROPOMETRIC CHARACTERISTICS AND MOTOR ABILITIES OF SEDENTARY AND CHILDREN WHO ARE IN TRAINING IN VARIOUS SPORTS ORIENTATION

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nela Tatar

    2011-09-01

    Full Text Available Whit the goal to describe anthropometric characteristic and motorical abilities in groups of non sports and children which have some sports training activities, to calculate quantitative and qualitative difference between these groups of children in anthropometric characteristic and motorical abilities, it is conduct survey with the sample of 150 entities, age from 11 to 13, different sports orientation (karate, judo, football and volleyball and non sports children (scholars. In analyze, it was used system of total 27 variables (12 morphological and 15 basic - motorical. Also, descriptive statistical procedures were done and in this paper we present only arithmetical means. For quantitative difference between combination per groups in anthropometric characteristic and motorical abilities it was used ANOVA. According to quantitative and qualitative differences in anthropometric characteristics and motorical abilities from survey, the best anthropometric characteristic were get in groups of volleyball players, and in motorical abilities the best performance shown group of children which train a karate.

  19. Respiratory functions in Kalaripayattu practitioners.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Chandran, C Kesava; Nair, R Harikumaran; Shashidhar, S

    2004-04-01

    Kalaripayattu, an ancient traditional martial art form of Kerala, is considered as the basis for all martial arts viz. Karate, Kungfu, etc. physiological studies are more concentrated on Karate, Kungfu and other martial arts due to their global acceptance. Considering the limited knowledge available regarding the physiological profiles of Kalaripayattu practitioners, the present study was taken up for filling the lacunae in the field. Lung function tests were carried out in ten Kalari practitioners. Residual volume was measured by indirect method. Higher lung volumes and flow rates were achieved in Kalari practitioners compared to age and height-matched controls. Better mechanical factors and lower airway resistance influenced during Kalari practice might have benefited in improving hung volumes and flow rates.

  20. Renkoho: Maintaining a Flexible Body for Health & Longevity

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Katsumi Murakami

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available For nearly sixty years Murakami Katsumi (b. 1927 has been a practitioner of Okinawa Karatedo and martial arts. He also studied Chinese martial arts under Sato Kinbei (b. 1926. Yet despite his advanced years, he still moves like a much younger man, a tribute to his diligence in pursuing martial arts as both a physical, mental, and spiritual discipline. This article is excerpted from his book Karate no Kokoro to Waza (The Spirit and Techniques of Karate and details the exercises he has created to prepare the body for martial art training and extending one’s life through the practice of good health. All the exercises demonstrated in this article are performed by the original author.

  1. Modeling of a planar FEL amplifier with a sheet relativistic electron beam

    CERN Document Server

    Ginzburg, N S; Peskov, N Yu; Arzhannikov, A V; Sinitsky, S L

    2002-01-01

    The paper is devoted to the modeling of a 75 GHz planar FEL-amplifier. This amplifier is driven by a sheet electron beam (1 MeV, 2 kA) produced by the U-3 accelerator (BINP). Different approaches based on non-averaged self-consistent system of equations as well as the averaged equations were used for the description of interaction between the electron beam and the TEM-mode of the planar waveguide. Both methods demonstrated similar results with maximum gains 24-25 db, corresponding to an output power of about 250-300 MW and an efficiency of 14-17%. The 2-D version of the PIC-code KARAT was used for additional modeling. KARAT-based simulations demonstrated a maximum gain up to 22 db, output power 160-170 MW and an efficiency of 9%. The reduction of gain can be explained by the space-charge effects.

  2. An analysis of anger in adolescent girls who practice the martial arts.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Lotfian, Sara; Ziaee, Vahid; Amini, Homayoun; Mansournia, Mohammad-Ali

    2011-01-01

    The effect of martial arts on adolescents' behavior, especially aggression, is controversial. The aim of this study was to assess and compare anger ratings among adolescent girl athletes of different martial arts. 291 female adolescents between the ages of 11 and 19 were assessed according to the Adolescent Anger Rating Scale designed by DM Burney. In the case group, the martial arts practiced were either judo (n = 70) or karate (n = 66), while the control group was composed of swimmers (n = 59) and nonathletes (n = 96). Total anger scores showed statistically significant differences between the groups (P = 0.001) decreasing from girls who practiced judo to nonathletes, karate, and swimmers. Instrumental and reactive anger subscales also showed significant differences between the groups, but this difference was not found for anger control. As a conclusion, the anger rate did not differ between judoka and nonathletes, but that both of these groups received higher scores in total anger than karateka and swimmers.

  3. Effect of swiss ball exercises on some physical and physiological variables and their relationship with kata performance level

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    ELTANAHI NAGLA

    2011-04-01

    Full Text Available The present work aims to study the effect of Swiss ball exercises on the abdominal, back and leg muscles strength, hip and spine flexibility, static and dynamic balance and Vital Capacity in addition to their relationship of Gankaku Kata performance level. (12 Women Karateka aged (18-20 years from Zagazig University karate first- team participated in 8 weeks Swiss Ball exercises. The present study included Sit- Up legs- straight, Back Lift Strength, leg lift strength, grand car flexibility, Trunk Extension Flexibility, stroke Stand, Modified Bass Test of Dynamic Balance and Vital Capacity Tests, surface electromyography (EMG was used to assess abdominal and back muscles activity during kata skills, The level of performance was evaluated by five Judgers accredited by the Egyptian Federation of Karate. Results showed significant differences between the two measures of physical and physiological variables with improvement of Gankaku Kata performance

  4. Understanding the Regulation of Body Weight: A Focus on Eating Patterns, Energy Intake, and Metabolic Rate

    Science.gov (United States)

    2003-01-01

    weight status and eating behaviors (such as Diabetes and pregnancy ). During the phone screen and on the Medical Information Form the volunteers were...typical exercise routines (including aerobic dance , karate, and yoga; HealtheTech, Golden, CO, 2001). The ExerLog program (HealtheTech, Golden, CO, 2001...dress, estimate this point. If you draw an imaginary line from the midway point between your belly button and hipbone to the middle of the top of your

  5. Pediatric martial arts injuries presenting to Emergency Departments, United States 1990-2003.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Yard, Ellen E; Knox, Christy L; Smith, Gary A; Comstock, R Dawn

    2007-08-01

    Although an estimated 6.5 million United States (US) children aged 6-17 practiced a martial art in 2004, there have been no nationally representative studies comparing pediatric injuries among the three most popular disciplines, karate, taekwondo, and judo. Describe pediatric martial arts injuries presenting to a representative sample of US Emergency Departments (EDs) from 1990 to 2003. We reviewed all martial arts injuries captured by the US Consumer Product Safety Commission's (CPSC), National Electronic Injury Surveillance System (NEISS). An estimated 128,400 children martial arts-related injuries from 1990 to 2003. Injured tended to be male (73.0%) and had a mean age of 12.1 years. Most injuries were attributed to karate (79.5%). The most common mechanism of injury was being kicked (25.6%), followed by falling (20.6%) and kicking (18.0%). The majority of injuries occurred to the lower leg/foot/ankle (30.1%) and hand/wrist (24.5%). The most common injury diagnoses were sprains/strains (29.3%), contusions/abrasions (27.8%), and fractures (24.6%). Participants in judo sustained significantly higher proportions of shoulder/upper arm injuries than karate (IPR=4.31, 95% CI: 2.84-6.55) or taekwondo (IPR=9.75, 95% CI: 3.53-26.91) participants. There were also higher proportions of neck injuries sustained by judo participants compared to karate (IPR=4.73, 95% CI: 1.91-11.70) or taekwondo (IPR=4.17, 95% CI: 1.02-17.06) participants. Pediatric martial arts injuries differ by discipline. Understanding these injury patterns can assist with the development of discipline-specific preventive interventions.

  6. Morphological optimization of female combat sports athletes as seen by the anthropologists

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Burdukiewicz Anna

    2016-06-01

    Full Text Available Body build and proportions are key determinants of athletic success. The effects of the athlete selection process and discipline-specific training are differentiated body dimensions. The aim of the study was to examine the physical characteristics of female combat athletes. The results of anthropometric measurements of 154 females aged 21.2±1.79 years competing in judo, jiu-jitsu, karate, taekwondo, and fencing for 7.5±3.43 years.

  7. Attention and Reaction Time in Shotokan Athletes

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    António VencesBrito

    2012-07-01

    Full Text Available The aim of this study is to analyze the attention capacity and the reaction time in Portuguese karate Shotokan athletes. Participated 96 Shotokan athletes from the Portuguese Karate Association. We physically characterized the sample (weight, height, body mass index, and body fat mass percentage and evaluated Simple Reaction Time (TRS, Choice Reaction Time (TRE, Decision Time (TD and the Distributed Attention (AD. Data was analyzed according to athletes’ group age (15 to 19 yr, 20 to 35 yr and more than 35 yr, level of graduation (9th to 4th kyu, 3rd to 1st kyu, DAN and by gender (male and female. Male athletes present significant differences from female athletes in height, weight, years of practice and body fat mass. In relation to TRS all groups tend to a value near to 300 ms without significant differences among them, but the TRE and the TD are significantly higher in the Dan athletes and in the +35 yrs athletes than in the other groups. On the other hand the Dan and +35 yrs athletes tend to do less mistakes. Gender does not influence significantly the reaction time in the Shotokan karate athletes, but it seems that women tend to have smaller reaction times than men. Athletes with more years of practice and more graduation need more time to reply to the stimulus than the other athletes, but they tend to do fewer mistakes on their choices than other subjects. As for distributed attention, no significant differences were found in function of the athlete graduation, nor in function of gender. However, for distributed attention, we found statistical significant differences in function of the age, with the oldest athletes presenting lower levels of distributed attention. Our results seem to show that is necessary to do some modifications in the training process of Portuguese Shotokan karate athletes.

  8. Methodological studies on the VVER-440 control assembly calculations

    Energy Technology Data Exchange (ETDEWEB)

    Hordosy, G.; Kereszturi, A.; Maraczy, C. [KFKI Atomic Energy Research Institute, Budapest (Hungary)

    1995-12-31

    The control assembly regions of VVER-440 reactors are represented by 2-group albedo matrices in the global calculations of the KARATE code system. Some methodological aspects of calculating albedo matrices with the COLA transport code are presented. Illustrations are given how these matrices depend on the relevant parameters describing the boron steel and steel regions of the control assemblies. The calculation of the response matrix for a node consisting of two parts filled with different materials is discussed.

  9. Environmental Assessment for the Construction of Eielson AFB Youth Center Eielson Air Force Base, Alaska

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-01

    include gymnastics, ballet, acrobatics, piano , and karate. The center is also home to the Teen Center, which includes a snack bar open for lunch...construction techniques to prevent siltation into adjacent lands during construction; Culverts would be installed as needed to maintain natural drainage...gravel fill; Use of silt fences and other construction techniques to prevent siltation into adjacent wetlands during construction; Culverts

  10. I Symposium of Elite Performance in Combat Sports

    OpenAIRE

    Ruiz, Montse C.

    2017-01-01

    This report presents a summary of the I Symposium of Elite Performance in Combat Sports held in Madrid, May 27, 2017. The symposium, organized by the Faculty of Sport Sciences-INEF of the Polytechnic University of Madrid, aimed to bring science closer to practice. A panel of highly successful athletes involved in karate, fencing, and taekwondo shared their experiences. The speakers presented crucial topics for an optimal preparation and high level performance such as strength training, sport ...

  11. Evaluation of six different groups of insecticides for the control of citrus psylla Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Rakhmin Gul

    2005-01-01

    Full Text Available Studies on the efficacy of different insecticides against citrus psylla, Diaphorina citri (Hemiptera: Psyllidae were carried out at Agricultural Research Institute, Tarnab, Peshawar, Pakistan. Six insecticides viz. Actara 25 WG, (thiamethoxam Cascade 10 DC (Flufenoxuron, Match 050 EC (lufenuron, Thiodan 35 EC (endosulfan, Karate 2.5 EC (α-cyhalothrin, and Supracide 40 EC (methidathion, were tested for their effectiveness against D. citri. After first spray overall mean population of D. citri was 3.63, 4.75, 5.59, 6.66, 7.47, 8.11 per six inches tender shoot on Actara 25 WG, Cascade 10 DC, Match 050 EC, Thiodan 35 EC, Karate 2.5 EC and Supracide 40 EC treated plants respectively, while on control plants the population was 12.39. Similarly, after the second spray of each of the same insecticides the population of D. citri was 2.65, 4.23, 5.61, 6.41, 7.35 and 8.73 respectively. Where in controls there were 15.18 psyllids. Percent decrease of D. citri population in comparison to control after the first spray was highest in Actara 25 WG (72.20 followed by Cascade 10 DC (62.91, Match 050 EC (54.07, Thiodan 35 EC (47.61, Karate 2.5 EC (38.94 and Supracide 40 EC (35.74. After the second spray percent decrease over control recorded was highest in Actara 25 WG (83.54, followed by Cascade 10 DC (71.08, Match 050 EC (63.94, Thiodan 35 EC (60.79, Karate 2.5 EC (52.52 and Supracide 40 EC (45.62.

  12. Local method for detecting communities

    Science.gov (United States)

    Bagrow, James P.; Bollt, Erik M.

    2005-10-01

    We propose a method of community detection that is computationally inexpensive and possesses physical significance to a member of a social network. This method is unlike many divisive and agglomerative techniques and is local in the sense that a community can be detected within a network without requiring knowledge of the entire network. A global application of this method is also introduced. Several artificial and real-world networks, including the famous Zachary karate club, are analyzed.

  13. Pressure Vessel Calculations for VVER-440 Reactors

    Science.gov (United States)

    Hordósy, G.; Hegyi, Gy.; Keresztúri, A.; Maráczy, Cs.; Temesvári, E.; Vértes, P.; Zsolnay, É.

    2003-06-01

    Monte Carlo calculations were performed for a selected cycle of the Paks NPP Unit II to test a computational model. In the model the source term was calculated by the core design code KARATE and the neutron transport calculations were performed by the MCNP. Different forms of the source specification were examined. The calculated results were compared with measurements and in most cases fairly good agreement was found.

  14. Combinatorial Laplacian and entropy of simplicial complexes associated with complex networks

    Science.gov (United States)

    Maletić, S.; Rajković, M.

    2012-09-01

    Simplicial complexes represent useful and accurate models of complex networks and complex systems in general. We explore the properties of spectra of combinatorial Laplacian operator of simplicial complexes and show its relationship with connectivity properties of the Q-vector and with connectivities of cliques in the simplicial clique complex. We demonstrate the need for higher order analysis in complex networks and compare the results with ordinary graph spectra. Methods and results are obtained using social network of the Zachary karate club.

  15. No longer a girl: my female experience in the masculine field of martial arts

    OpenAIRE

    Martínez, Alejandra

    2015-01-01

    This autoethnographic paper arises from my interest in studying contemporary masculinities in the city of Cordoba, Argentina. It describes my experience as a female in the masculine space of a karate dojo and is based on records from a martial arts class between 2005 and 2010. I have selected some of the moments that I consider the most significant in order to convey three elements: a) life in the dojo, including rituals and specific practices, b) the exaltation of masculinity and the trials ...

  16. Peripheral vision and perceptual asymmetries in young and older martial arts athletes and nonathletes.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Muiños, Mónica; Ballesteros, Soledad

    2014-11-01

    The present study investigated peripheral vision (PV) and perceptual asymmetries in young and older martial arts athletes (judo and karate athletes) and compared their performance with that of young and older nonathletes. Stimuli were dots presented at three different eccentricities along the horizontal, oblique, and vertical diameters and three interstimulus intervals. Experiment 1 showed that although the two athlete groups were faster in almost all conditions, karate athletes performed significantly better than nonathlete participants when stimuli were presented in the peripheral visual field. Experiment 2 showed that older participants who had practiced a martial art at a competitive level when they were young were significantly faster than sedentary older adults of the same age. The practiced sport (judo or karate) did not affect performance differentially, suggesting that it is the practice of martial arts that is the crucial factor, rather than the type of martial art. Importantly, older athletes lose their PV advantage, as compared with young athletes. Finally, we found that physical activity (young and older athletes) and age (young and older adults) did not alter the visual asymmetries that vary as a function of spatial location; all participants were faster for stimuli presented along the horizontal than for those presented along the vertical meridian and for those presented at the lower rather than at the upper locations within the vertical meridian. These results indicate that the practice of these martial arts is an effective way of counteracting the processing speed decline of visual stimuli appearing at any visual location and speed.

  17. Susceptibility of geographically isolated populations of the Tomato red spider mite (Tetranychus evansi Baker & Pritchard to commonly used acaricides on tomato crops in Kenya

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    F. J. Toroitich

    2014-04-01

    Full Text Available Farmers in Kenya continue to raise concerns of difficulty in managing Tetranychus evansi, the most widespread pest species of tomato applying the most commonly used acaricides. This invasive pest species is not only found in Kenya, but in Eastern and Southern Africa, as well as parts of Europe and Asia. In the current study, populations of T. evansi were collected from farms in the four major tomato-growing areas of Kenya (Loitoktok, Kibwezi, Athi-River and Subukia and their susceptibility compared to a laboratory culture (ICIPE that had been maintained for three years without exposure to acaricides. Susceptibility of T. evansi eggs and adults (contact and residual to Brigade (bifenthrin, Dimethoate (dimethoate, Karate (lambdacyhalothrin, Kelthane (dicofol, Omite (propargite and Polytrin (profenofos+ cypermethrin was tested in the laboratory using respective manufacturer’s recommended concentrations. Dimethoate resulted in variable ovicidal mortality while Kelthane, Brigade, Karate, Omite and Polytrin had high mortality across all populations. Similarly, adult contact and residual mortality was lower than that of the other chemicals when exposed to Dimethoate regardless of the location. Furthermore, it also had no residual effect on the mites from ICIPE and Kibwezi. On the other hand, Kelthane was most lethal against the mites from all locations followed by Brigade and Polytrin in that order. Omite caused significantly lower mortality on mites from Subukia while Karate produced variable effects on mites from Kibwezi, Loitoktok and Subukia. The implications of these findings are further discussed.

  18. Differences in vertical jumping and mae-geri kicking velocity between international and national level karateka

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Carlos Balsalobre-Fernández

    2013-04-01

    Full Text Available Aim: Lower limb explosive strength and mae-geri kicking velocity are fundamental in karate competition; although it is unclear whether these variables could differentiate the high-level athletes. The objective of this research is to analyze the differences in the mae-geri kicking velocity and the counter-movement jump (CMJ between a group of international top level karateka and another group of national-level karateka.Methods: Thirteen international-level karateka and eleven national-level karateka participated in the study. After a standard warm-up, CMJ height (in cm and mae-geri kicking velocity (in m/s was measured using an IR-platform and a high-speed camera, respectively.Results: Proceeding with MANCOVA to analyze the differences between groups controlling the effect of age, the results show that the international-level karateka demonstrated significantly higher levels of CMJ than national-level competitors (+22.1%, F = 9.47, p = 0.006, η2 = 0.311. There were no significant differences between groups in the mae-geri kicking velocity (+5,7%, F=0.80; p=0.38; η2=0.03.Conclusion: Our data shows, first, the importance of CMJ assessment as a tool to detect talent in karate and, second, that to achieve international-level in karate it may be important to increase CMJ levels to values ​​similar to those offered here.

  19. Injuries in martial arts: a comparison of five styles.

    Science.gov (United States)

    Zetaruk, M N; Violán, M A; Zurakowski, D; Micheli, L J

    2005-01-01

    To compare five martial arts with respect to injury outcomes. A one year retrospective cohort was studied using an injury survey. Data on 263 martial arts participants (Shotokan karate, n = 114; aikido, n = 47; tae kwon do, n = 49; kung fu, n = 39; tai chi, n = 14) were analysed. Predictor variables included age, sex, training frequency (3 h/week), experience (or=3 years), and martial art style. Outcome measures were injuries requiring time off from training, major injuries (>or=7 days off), multiple injuries (>or=3), body region, and type of injury. Logistic regression was used to determine odds ratios (OR) and confidence intervals (CI). Fisher's exact test was used for comparisons between styles, with a Bonferroni correction for multiple comparisons. The rate of injuries, expressed as percentage of participants sustaining an injury that required time off training a year, varied according to style: 59% tae kwon do, 51% aikido, 38% kung fu, 30% karate, and 14% tai chi. There was a threefold increased risk of injury and multiple injury in tae kwon do than karate (por=18 years of age were at greater risk of injury than younger ones (pMartial artists with at least three years experience were twice as likely to sustain injury than less experienced students (p3 h/week was also a significant predictor of injury (pmartial arts have significantly different types and distribution of injuries. Martial arts appear to be safe for young athletes, particularly those at beginner or intermediate levels.

  20. Assesing the Efficacy of Aqueous Leaf Extract of Some Botanicals for Control of Field Insects of Watermelon (Citrillus lanatus In Southern Guinea Savanna, Nigeria

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    E. Ndor

    2012-09-01

    Full Text Available Field trials were conducted during 2009 and 2010 rainy season to assess the efficacy of leaf extract of some botanicals for production of watermelon (Citrillus lanatus in Southern Guinea Savanna Nigeria. The treatments consisted of leaf extracts from 3 botanicals: Bush tea (Hyptis suaveolens, Moringa (Moringa oleifera and Pawpaw (Carica papaya and one synthetic insecticide Labdacyalothrin (karate. The experiment was laid in a Randomized Complete Block Design (RCBD and replicated 3 times to form fifteen plots. The results showed that, there was significant effect among the different botanicals used on all the parameters assessed except on the vinelength of watermelon, at various stages of growth in both years. Application of leaf extract of pawpaw gave better performance in all the parameters assessed when compared to the other botanicals in both years. Application of karate produced the best results in both years; while poor result were obtained from the control plots. Application of pawpaw leaf extract conferred high protection on the fruit when compared to other botanicals, which is statistically similar with result of karate in both 2009 and 2010 cropping season. Pawpaw leaf extracts appears to be a better botanical option in watermelon production.

  1. RELATIVE TOTAL BODY FAT AND SKINFOLD PATTERNING IN FILIPINO NATIONAL COMBAT SPORT ATHLETES

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Luigi T. Bercades

    2006-07-01

    Full Text Available The purpose of this study was to assess relative total body fat and skinfold patterning in Filipino national karate and pencak silat athletes. Participants were members of the Philippine men's and women's national teams in karate (12 males, 5 females and pencak silat (17 males and 5 females. In addition to age, the following anthropometric measurements were taken: height, body mass, triceps, subscapular, supraspinale, umbilical, anterior thigh and medial calf skinfolds. Relative total body fat was expressed as sum of six skinfolds. Sum of skinfolds and each individual skinfold were also expressed relative to Phantom height. A two-way (Sport*Gender ANOVA was used to determine the differences between men and women in total body fat and skinfold patterning. A Bonferroni-adjusted alpha was employed for all analyses. The women had a higher proportional sum of skinfols (80.19 ± 25.31 mm vs. 51.77 ± 21.13 mm, p = 0. 001, eta2 = 0.275. The men had a lower proportional triceps skinfolds (-1.72 ± 0.71 versus - 0.35 ± 0.75, p < 0.001. Collapsed over gender, the karate athletes (-2.18 ± 0.66 had a lower proportional anterior thigh skinfold than their pencak silat colleagues (-1.71 ± 0.74, p = 0.001. Differences in competition requirements between sports may account for some of the disparity in anthropometric measurements

  2. NON LINEAR GROWTH CURVES FOR WEIGHT AND HEIGHT IN FOUR GENETIC GROUPS OF HORSES CURVAS DE CRESCIMENTO NÃO-LINEARES PARA PESO E ALTURA EM QUATRO GRUPOS GENÉTICOS DE CAVALOS

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Concepta Margaret McManus

    2010-04-01

    Full Text Available

    Hanoverian, Brazilian Showjumper, English Thoroughbred and Crossbred horses reared by the Brazilian Army were weighed and measured from six months of age to adult. In total 4,860 measurements on 1,445 horses were available. General curves were estimated as a function of time by the Gompertz, Brody, Logistic, Weibull and Richards curves, using PROC NLIN procedures of SAS ®. The Richards Curve did not converge for weight or height of any of the genetic groups or sexes. The logistic curve did not converge for any of the weight traits while the Gompertz also did not converge for height in several groups. R2 varied between 0.55 for weight in females of the crossbred group to 0.92 for males of the same group. For the height traits the highest R2 (0.66 was found for female Hanovarian horses and lowest for males of the same breed (0.12. In general the curves estimated similar values for asymptotic height and weight, except for Logistic curve, which also showed lowest R2 and highest error. Results for the Weibull and Brody curves were similar in all cases so where possible the Brody curve was selected as the best curve as it had less parameters. The Gompertz curve tended to underestimate mature weights and height. Estimates for both weight and height were in general higher in males than for females. In most cases the b parameter was shown to account for < 0.0001% of the variation in the curve shape. The k parameters, which indicate maturity, were of similar magnitude for the Brody, Gompertz and Weibull curves, for both height and weight within breed. This parameter indicated that there is little difference in maturation rates between males and females.

    KEY WORDS: Brody, Gompertz, Logistic, Richards, Weibull.

    Cavalos das raças Hanoveriana (HA, Brasileiro de Hipismo (BH, Puro Sangue Inglês (PSI e mestiços (PSIxBH criados pelo Exército brasileiro foram pesados e medidos de seis meses de idade até adulto. Realizaram-se 4.860 medidas em

  3. Training Knowledge and Skills for the Networked Battlefield

    Science.gov (United States)

    2010-09-13

    Mong 0.14 2.75FTE Equivalent: 9Total Number: Names of Post Doctorates PERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME Carolyn Buck-Gengler 0.50 William Raymond 0.82 James ...Kole 0.76 James Miles 0.50 2.58FTE Equivalent: 4Total Number: Names of Faculty Supported National Academy MemberPERCENT_SUPPORTEDNAME Alice Healy...Colorado, Boulder, Center for Research on Training. Healy, A. F., Clawson, D. M., McNamara, D. S., Marmie, W. R., Schneider, V. I., Rickard , T. C

  4. 睾酮可减少非肥胖老年男性的内脏脂肪沉积

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    嘉勉(摘译)

    2008-01-01

    澳大利亚克莱顿莫那什大学的Carolyn A Allan及其同事在J Clin Endocrinol Metab上报告,他们的一项经过12个月的研究发现,与未经治疗的对照人群相比,睾酮治疗可减轻非肥胖老年男性内脏脂肪组织的积聚并防止骨骼肌丢失。

  5. Reviews of recent publications

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    various authors

    1995-01-01

    Full Text Available Elisabeth Bronfen. Over Her Dead Body: Death, Feminity and the Aesthetic by Lisa Maruca Jacques Dupin: Selected Poems . (Translated by Paul Auster, Stephen Romer, and David Shipiro. by Maryann De Julio Carolyn A. Durham. The Contexture of Feminism: Marie Cardinal and Multicultural Literacy by Yolanda Astarita Patterson Mike Gonzalez and David Treece. The Gathering of Voices: The Twentieth-Century Poetry of Latin America by Steven F. White Emily D. Hicks. Border Writing: The Multidimensional Text by Roselyn Constantino Robin Régine. Socialist Realism: An Impossible Aesthetic by Peter Hitchcock Kari Weil. Androgyny and the Denial of Difference by Brigitte Roussel

  6. War and National Renewal: Civil Religion and Blood Sacrifice in American Culture

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Agnieszka Soltysik Monnet

    2012-04-01

    Full Text Available Wars are often associated with a rhetoric of renewal or new beginnings. This essay explores this claim through the lens of civil religion and a recent book by Carolyn Marvin and David Ingle, Blood Sacrifice and the Nation, which combines Emile Durkheim with Réné Girard in proposing that modern national cohesion depends on blood sacrifice. I unpack some of the paradoxes raised by this theory of national renewal in the context of 9/11, with a special focus on the sacred status of the flag and the special attention given to uniformed serviceman in the American body politic

  7. Equational Abstractions

    Science.gov (United States)

    2007-01-01

    Uribe for many useful discussions that have influenced the ideas presented here, Manuel Clavel and Francisco Durán for their help in the preparation of...Grumberg, and Doron A. Peled. Model Checking. MIT Press, 1999. 11. Manuel Clavel , Francisco Durán, Steven Eker, Patrick Lincoln, Narciso Martı́-Oliet...Manuel Clavel , Francisco Durán, Steven Eker, Patrick Lincoln, Narciso Martı́-Oliet, José Meseguer, and Carolyn L. Talcott. All About Maude, A High

  8. Several Centuries of Centrality

    OpenAIRE

    Roth, Dana L.

    2015-01-01

    As Carolyn Bertozzi mentioned in her inaugural editorial, the relationship of “Central Science” to “Chemistry” became popularized over 40 years ago with the publication of the first edition of Brown and LeMay’s Chemistry: The Central Science, now in its 13th edition. Yet as late as 2003, Prof. Sason Shaik at The Hebrew University claimed “popularization of chemistry remains scant.” He goes on to share [his] “own experience of popularizing chemistry by delivering the following universal messag...

  9. Talking about Life

    Science.gov (United States)

    Impey, Chris

    2010-08-01

    Preface; Part I. Introduction Timothy Ferris, Iris Fry, Steven Dick, Ann Druyan, Pinky Nelson, Neil Tyson, Steve Benner and William Bains; Part II. Earth Roger Buick, Lynn Rothschild, John Baross, Joe Kirschvink, Andrew Knoll, Simon Conway Morris, Roger Hanlon and Lori Marino; Part III. Solar System Chris McKay, David Grinspoon, Jonathan Lunine, Carolyn Porco, Laurie Leshin, Guy Consolmagno and Peter Smith; Part IV. Exoplanets Alan Boss, Geoff Marcy, Debra Fischer, Sara Seager, David Charbonneau and Vikki Meadows; Part V. Frontiers Jill Tarter, Seth Shostak, Ray Kurzweil, Nick Bostrom, Paul Davies, Martin Rees, Ben Bova and Jennifer Michael Hecht; Reading list; Glossary; Index.

  10. Young member places seventh in noted U.S. student science competition

    Science.gov (United States)

    A student member of AGU is one of the top 10 winners of a science contest for pre-college age students which is sponsored annually by Intel Corporation.The contest results were announced on 11 March at the National Academy of Sciences in Washington, D.C.Carolyn Tewksbury 17, was a finalist in the 2003 Intel Science Talent Search competition. She took seventh place in the contest for her project, titled “Collapse of the Pasom-mana Tessera Region, Venus: Implications for the Evolution of Crustal Plateaus.”

  11. Amanda Cross and Androgyny

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Kania Richard R. E.

    2016-12-01

    Full Text Available Amanda Cross is the pen name Carolyn Heilbrun used for her mystery fiction. In two of her novels she employed the theme of androgyny. She also wrote the non-fiction, 1973 Toward a Recognition of Androgyny in which she promoted androgyny as aspect of her approach to feminism, an intellectual denial of any significant differences between the sexes. While that thread of American feminism has lost favor in current feminist ideologies, matters of gender identity are rising in prominence in American social and political thought, reviving the debate on male and female roles and identities in the United States.

  12. 从Jazz Chants 到 China Chants——Jazz Chants教学法初探

    Institute of Scientific and Technical Information of China (English)

    乐金马; 韩天霖

    2005-01-01

    @@ 约30年前,纽约大学Carolyn Graham教授创建了英语作为第二语言和外语(ESL/EFL)的教学方法:Jazz Chants.①自1978年以来,Graham出版了多本以Jazz Chants教学法为指导而编写的教材,她的chants还出现在其他许多著名英语教材和词典里.

  13. Debate sobre estudios postcoloniales y subalternos

    OpenAIRE

    David Morris; McLean, Ian S.; Hillel Eyal; Ivette Hernández; Richard W. Slata; Betsy Campisi; Jackson, Robert H; William Patterson; Kathryn Lehman; Chad Black; Michelle Molina; Ann Twinam; Dennis Hidalgo

    2001-01-01

    A partir de los comentarios a la reseña elaborada por Ian S. Mclean sobre el libro: Cuerpos incas y el cuerpo de Cristo. El Corpus Christi en Cuzco colonial, Perú, escrito por Carolyn Dean, surge un debate sobre los Estudios Postcoloniales y Subalternos, que se desarrolló entre el 12 de agosto y el 3 de septiembre de 2001, a través de la lista de correo electrónico de H-Latam, grupo de discusión dedicado a la historia latinoamericana. En él participaron destacados especial...

  14. Uncovering student thinking about mathematics in the common core, grades 6-8 25 formative assessment probes

    CERN Document Server

    Tobey, Cheryl Rose

    2013-01-01

    Pinpoint and reverse math misconceptions with laser-like accuracyQuickly and reliably uncover common math misconceptions in Grades 6-8 with these convenient and easy-to-implement diagnostic tools! Bestselling authors Cheryl Tobey and Carolyn Arline provide 25 new assessment probes that pinpoint subconcepts within the new Common Core Standards for Mathematics to promote deep learning and expert math instruction--while learning is already underway.Completely CCSM aligned, these grade-specific probes eliminate the guesswork and help teachers: Systematically address conceptual and procedural mistakes Help students better understand areas of struggle Plan targeted instruction that covers Grades 6-8 CCSM mathematical processes and proficiencies.

  15. MSR Founding Narratives and Content Analysis of Best/Dexter Award Nominee Papers (2001-2015)

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tackney, Charles T.; Chappell, Stacie; Sato, Toyoko

    This is a narrative study of the founding and a research content analysis of the first 15 years of the Management Spirituality and Religion Interest Group (MSR) of the Academy of Management. Our inquiry assessed the ways in which the early collaborators established the Interest Group from archival...... data and founder interviews. The individuals interviewed were identified through preliminary inquiry and from archival data. As a complement of and extension to this inclusive founding narrative, we conducted a content and discourse analysis of the 15 years of MSR Best Papers and Carolyn Dexter Best...

  16. MSR Founders Narrative and Content Analysis of Scholarly Papers

    DEFF Research Database (Denmark)

    Tackney, Charles T.; Chappell, Stacie F.; Sato, Toyoko

    2017-01-01

    This is a founders’ narrative and research paper content analysis of the first 15 years of the Management Spirituality and Religion Interest Group (MSR) of the Academy of Management. Based on archival data and founder interviews, our inquiry recounts how the early collaborators established...... the Interest Group. The founders interviewed were identified through preliminary inquiry and from archival sources. As complement and extension, we concurrently conducted a content analysis of the 15 years of MSR Best Papers and Carolyn Dexter Award MSR nominated papers for Academy internationalization...

  17. LHC Official Inauguration on October 21st 2008

    CERN Multimedia

    CERN Audiovisual Unit

    2008-01-01

    Geneva, 21 October 2008. Swiss President Pascal Couchepin and French Prime Minister François Fillon were joined at CERN1 today by science ministers from CERN’s Member States and around the world to inaugurate the Large Hadron Collider, the world’s largest and most complex scientific instrument. Speeches, exhibitions and a new audiovisual concert, “ORIGINS”, an adaptation of “LIFE: A Journey Through Time”, featuring the imagery of National Geographic photographer Frans Lanting and the music of Philip Glass, performed by the Orchestre de la Suisse Romande conducted by Carolyn Kuan.

  18. Curvas de crescimento morfométrico de piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus Morphometric growth curves of piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Juliana Sampaio Guedes Gomiero

    2009-06-01

    Full Text Available Conduziu-se um experimento no setor de piscicultura da Universidade Federal de Lavras M.G., com o objetivo de estabelecer curvas de crescimento morfométrico em função do peso corporal para a piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus. Alevinos de piracanjuba foram cultivados em viveiros de terra e alimentados com ração comercial até atingirem peso aproximado de 1 kg. Durante o período experimental realizaram-se amostragens aleatórias, onde foram avaliadas as medidas morfométricas comprimento da cabeça (CCAB, comprimento padrão (CP, altura (AND e largura (LND tomada no 1ºraio da nadadeira dorsal e as razões morfométricas (CCAB/CP, AND/CP, LND/CP, AND/LND utilizando-se as funções de Brody, von Bertalanffy, Gompertz e Logística. As funções estudadas apresentaram bom ajuste para todas as medidas morfométricas e para a razão CCAB/CP. As funções de Brody, von Bertalanffy e Gompertz apresentaram qualidades de ajuste semelhantes e superiores à função Logística para as medidas morfométricas. Para a razão CCAB/CP a função Logística apresentou-se superior às demais. A taxa de crescimento da CCAB e LND foi superior às do CP e AND, indicando um crescimento mais rápido da cabeça e largura do que do comprimento padrão e altura. Conclui-se que todos os modelos estudados apresentaram bom ajuste, sendo o de Brody e o de von Bertalanffy os que descrevem melhor o crescimento morfométrico da piracanjuba.An experiment was carried out at the fish farming sector of the Universidade Federal de Lavras M.G., with the objective of establishing morphometric growth curves as a function of the body weight of piracanjuba (Brycon orbignyanus. Fingerlings of piracanjuba were cultivated in earthen ponds and fed a commercial diet (ad libitum until they reached weight of about 1 kg. During the experimental period, samplings were randomly selected to take morphometric measures of the head length (CCAB, standard length (CP, height (AND, and breadth (LND

  19. The Cognitive and Functional Profile of the elderly that frequent the Community Center for the Elderly in the municipality of Santos, Sao Paulo state

    Directory of Open Access Journals (Sweden)

    Nathalia Barros de Andrade

    2015-03-01

    Full Text Available Introduction: The growing population must be accompanied by the promotion of healthy aging and maintain maximum functional capacity. Objective: To understand the cognitive and functional profile of the elderly who take part in the Community Center for the Elderly in Santos, Sao Paulo state. Method: Ninety elderly people were evaluated in this study. The following instruments were used: Social-demographic profile Questionnaire, Socialeconomic Questionnaire, Mini Mental State Examination (MMSE, Subjective Memory Complaint Questionnaire (SMC-Q, Independence in Activities of Daily Living Scale (Katz Scale, and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living Scale (Lawton & Brody. Results: The average age of the elderly was 72.5 years old and the predominant gender was female (95.5%. There was a preponderance of participants from 1 to 4 years of education, and Class C was the predominant economic class. In the MMSE scores, 63.33% of the participants were below of the cutoff established for education, and in the SMC-Q, 71.11% of the elderly presented subjective dysfunction of memory. In the performance of Basic Activities of Daily Living (BADL, 84.44% of the participants are independent. As for the Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL, only 33.33% of the participants are independent. In the statistical analyses between cognitive profile and functional performance, associations were found between MMSE and SMC-Q, MMSE and Lawton & Brody Scale, and SMC-Q and Lawton & Brody Scale. Conclusions: A significant portion of the elderly patrons of the Community Center presents functional decline and cognitive decline.

  20. AJUSTE DE MODELOS NO LINEALES Y ESTIMACIÓN DE PARÁMETROS DE CRECIMIENTO EN BOVINOS TROPICARNE

    OpenAIRE

    Joel Domínguez-Viveros; J. Ángel Ortega-Gutiérrez; F. Alonso Rodríguez-Almeida; Rafael Núñez-Domínguez; Rodolfo Ramírez-Valverde; Agustín Ruiz-Flores

    2013-01-01

    El análisis del crecimiento con modelos de regresión no lineal (MNL) permite derivar parámetros (PC) e indicadores (IC) de crecimiento bajo condiciones específicas de producción que pueden ser considerados en los programas de mejoramiento genético. Los objetivos de este estudio fueron seleccionar y ajustar un MNL al crecimiento de bovinos Tropicarne criados en la vertiente del Golfo de México. Los MNL evaluados fueron Brody, Logístico, Bertalanffy y Gompertz. La información de crecimiento ana...